WorldWideScience

Sample records for surviving literary forms-myths

  1. Suicide, Self-Harm and Survival Strategies in Contemporary Heavy Metal Music: A Cultural and Literary Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Charley; Brown, Brian

    2016-03-01

    This paper seeks to think creatively about the body of research which claims there is a link between heavy metal music and adolescent alienation, self-destructive behaviours, self-harm and suicide. Such research has been criticised, often by people who belong to heavy metal subcultures, as systematically neglecting to explore, in a meaningful manner, the psychosocial benefits for individuals who both listen to contemporary heavy metal music and socialize in associated groups. We argue that notions of survival, strength, community, and rebellion are key themes in contemporary heavy metal music. Through literary-lyrical analysis of a selection of heavy metal tracks, this paper aims to redress the balance of risk and benefit. We argue that listening to this type of music, the accompanying social relationships, sense of solidarity and even the type of dancing can ameliorate tumultuous and difficult emotions. Songs which could be read as negative can induce feelings of relief through the sense that someone else has felt a particular way and recovered enough to transform these emotions into a creative outlet. This genre of music may therefore not increase the risk of untoward outcomes in any simple sense but rather represent a valuable resource for young people in difficulty.

  2. Literary Biography: The Cinderella of Literary Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benton, Michael

    2005-01-01

    This article begins by contrasting the popularity of biography in the general culture with the neglect of literary biography as a branch of literary studies. The argument follows from the hybrid character of a genre in which history is crossed with narrative. Using concepts drawn from narratology, it shows how biography's handling of life stories…

  3. Establishing the nexus between literary criticism and literary theory ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study examines ways in which literary criticisms draws from literary theories. The literary critics in order to carry out efficient critical work will not work in abstraction or without having a base. As a result of this, there are usually critical theories. From which the literary critics rely in carrying out their work of literary criticism.

  4. Researching Literary Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Mansfield, C

    2015-01-01

    This book approaches literary tourism initially from an historical perspective in order to define the phenomenon through a review of the existing academic literature in the field. The forms of literary tourism are analysed to provide a typology and ...

  5. Translation as Literary Criticism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    di Stefano, B. Follkart

    1982-01-01

    It is proposed that literary translation is intrinsically an act of literary criticism. This theory is illustrated by discussion of specific problems in translating Sartre's "La Nausee" and Leonard Forest's "Le pays de la Sagouine," especially the use of verb tense. (MSE)

  6. Levels of Literary Meaning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klausen, Søren Harnow

    2017-01-01

    I argue that intentionalist theories of meaning and interpretation, like those of Hirsch and Juhl, have been insufficiently attentive to the different levels of authorial intention that are operative in literary works. By countenancing intentions on different levels – ranging from simple semantic...

  7. Georges Perec's literary staging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewelina Woźniak-Czech

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this sketch to present Georges Perec’s work in the context of drama. As Perec wrote just one play for the theater, it’s hard to call him a dramatist. However, it is easy to see that all the literary tricks he uses in his works are a part of a well-thought-out game. The author of Life a User’s Manual employs and interweaves various literary conventions, prompts dialogue between his own works and draws the reader into the very center of his tricks, nuances and simulations. Perec’s writing could be deemed a pure act of dramatization, where the author himself, to some extent, takes on the role of director, making his audience not so much the recipients of his texts but the actors performing them.

  8. Literary Celebrity Reconsidered

    OpenAIRE

    Ohlsson, Anders; Forslid, Torbjörn; Steiner, Ann

    2014-01-01

    The ongoing celebritisation of society not only comprises ‘celebrity sectors’ such as entertainment and sports, but also literature. As in other cultural fields, the commodities to be sold – books – are marketed using the ‘personalities’ directly connected to them by authors appearing on television shows or being selected for feature articles. The aim of the article is to point out limitations to the theoretical framework used in the study of literary celebrity. We argue for a differentiation...

  9. An Afropolitan literary aesthetics?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rahbek, Ulla; Knudsen, Eva Rask

    2017-01-01

    This article discusses what the authors call an emerging Afropolitan aesthetics. Through an exploration of recurring stylistic features, the article focuses particularly on the trope of a mobility-induced anxiety that entwines place and self. The ontological and affective troping of return...... and of self-understanding and the contemporary signification of Africa as a complex place of relocation and reconnection are explored in discussions of literary characters in Taiye Selasi’s Ghana Must Go (2013), Yvonne Owuor’s Dust (2014), Sefi Atta’s A Bit of Difference (2013) and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie...

  10. 89 ESTABLISHING THE NEXUS BETWEEN LITERARY CRITICISM ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Alex C Asigbo

    ESTABLISHING THE NEXUS BETWEEN LITERARY. CRITICISM AND LITERARY THEORY. Nonyelum M. Obi. Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria. Abstract. The study examines ways in which literary criticisms draws from literary theories. The literary critics in order to carry out efficient critical work will not work in ...

  11. Literary Translation: A Personal Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cincotta, Madeleine Strong

    The nature of literary translation and ways in which it differs from other forms of translation are examined, looking at practical difficulties, challenges, and satisfaction in the profession of literary translation. The difficulties discussed include suggestions about how to get started, legal questions of copyright, and choice of text.…

  12. Literary, Memory, Reading and Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guaraciaba Micheletti

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The teaching of literature even when focused on reading is often overlooked in the face of other classroom needs. The teaching of reading, without well-defined object, is emphasized by performing as a concern of all areas and not only in mother-tongue classes. However, a closer look reveals that this is exactly the reading of literary texts that provides answers to questions from other spheres (LAJOLO, 1982; 1993; COSSON, 2006. In this article, taking as a basis, the intertextuality, one of the constituent elements of literary texts (MAINGUENEAU, 2004, we propose some reflections on the role of literary literacy by presenting suggestions for activities, based on the concept of teacher as mediator of the dialogues constituted in the literary text and other derivatives of these dialogues in the classroom.

  13. Survival

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data provide information on the survival of California red-legged frogs in a unique ecosystem to better conserve this threatened species while restoring...

  14. Literary Know-How: Restructuring Creative Writing and Literary Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey-Williams, Jonas

    2013-01-01

    The emerging field of creative writing studies has provided new conceptions of creative writing's role within the English discipline. These conceptions focus on the relation of creative writing to composition studies, and there remains a need to reconsider creative writing's relation to literary studies. "Reading for pedagogy"--the…

  15. Folklore: A Foundation for Literary Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galda, S. L.; Pellegrini, A. D.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses folklore as the basis for literary study. Discusses two major theoretical positions on folklore universals--behaviorism and structuralism--and applies the two theories to literary analysis. (FL)

  16. Iceland: a postcolonial literary landscape?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Liet, H.; Kroonen, G.; Langbroek, E.; Perridon, H.; Roeleveld, A.

    2011-01-01

    How does Iceland appear in postcolonial literary texts by writers from Denmark, the former colonial power? Three texts from modern Danish literature were chosen, with Iceland as their main theme and based on first hand knowledge of the country gathered through sojourns and travels by the authors:

  17. ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS AND LITERARY COMMUNICATION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GRACE

    Keywords: Ecological economics, Literary communication, Axes of discourse. Introduction: ... readers construct a mental representation of the narrator's knowledge, perspective, and goals; and second, that they ..... in the open sea. The women and girls indulge themselves in more whoring as the crude scape provides the.

  18. Quantitative criticism of literary relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dexter, Joseph P.; Katz, Theodore; Tripuraneni, Nilesh; Dasgupta, Tathagata; Kannan, Ajay; Brofos, James A.; Bonilla Lopez, Jorge A.; Schroeder, Lea A.; Casarez, Adriana; Rabinovich, Maxim; Haimson Lushkov, Ayelet; Chaudhuri, Pramit

    2017-01-01

    Authors often convey meaning by referring to or imitating prior works of literature, a process that creates complex networks of literary relationships (“intertextuality”) and contributes to cultural evolution. In this paper, we use techniques from stylometry and machine learning to address subjective literary critical questions about Latin literature, a corpus marked by an extraordinary concentration of intertextuality. Our work, which we term “quantitative criticism,” focuses on case studies involving two influential Roman authors, the playwright Seneca and the historian Livy. We find that four plays related to but distinct from Seneca’s main writings are differentiated from the rest of the corpus by subtle but important stylistic features. We offer literary interpretations of the significance of these anomalies, providing quantitative data in support of hypotheses about the use of unusual formal features and the interplay between sound and meaning. The second part of the paper describes a machine-learning approach to the identification and analysis of citational material that Livy loosely appropriated from earlier sources. We extend our approach to map the stylistic topography of Latin prose, identifying the writings of Caesar and his near-contemporary Livy as an inflection point in the development of Latin prose style. In total, our results reflect the integration of computational and humanistic methods to investigate a diverse range of literary questions. PMID:28373557

  19. REFERENCE GRAMMAR OF LITERARY DHIMOTIKI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    HOUSEHOLDER, FRED W.; AND OTHERS

    BASED ON A TRADITIONAL APPROACH, THIS REFERENCE GRAMMAR OF LITERARY DHIMOTIKI IS DESIGNED TO BE MOST USEFUL TO ADVANCED UNDERGRADUATES OR BEGINNING GRADUATE STUDENTS OF GREEK. (DHIMOTIKI, OR DEMOTIC, IS THE POPULAR FORM OF MODERN GREEK.) IN PART I THERE IS AN EXTENSIVE DESCRIPTION OF THE PHONOLOGICAL SYSTEM FOLLOWED BY A DISCUSSION OF THE WRITING…

  20. Literary world of Teofil Rutka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukhareva Svitlana Volodymyrivna

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article researches Polish literary heritage of Teofil Rutka. Special focus is on polemical questions that appeared after the signing a union in Brest. The analysis of the last development stage of polemical prose of the 17th century was made on the example of Teofil Rutka's creations.

  1. Quantitative criticism of literary relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dexter, Joseph P; Katz, Theodore; Tripuraneni, Nilesh; Dasgupta, Tathagata; Kannan, Ajay; Brofos, James A; Bonilla Lopez, Jorge A; Schroeder, Lea A; Casarez, Adriana; Rabinovich, Maxim; Haimson Lushkov, Ayelet; Chaudhuri, Pramit

    2017-04-18

    Authors often convey meaning by referring to or imitating prior works of literature, a process that creates complex networks of literary relationships ("intertextuality") and contributes to cultural evolution. In this paper, we use techniques from stylometry and machine learning to address subjective literary critical questions about Latin literature, a corpus marked by an extraordinary concentration of intertextuality. Our work, which we term "quantitative criticism," focuses on case studies involving two influential Roman authors, the playwright Seneca and the historian Livy. We find that four plays related to but distinct from Seneca's main writings are differentiated from the rest of the corpus by subtle but important stylistic features. We offer literary interpretations of the significance of these anomalies, providing quantitative data in support of hypotheses about the use of unusual formal features and the interplay between sound and meaning. The second part of the paper describes a machine-learning approach to the identification and analysis of citational material that Livy loosely appropriated from earlier sources. We extend our approach to map the stylistic topography of Latin prose, identifying the writings of Caesar and his near-contemporary Livy as an inflection point in the development of Latin prose style. In total, our results reflect the integration of computational and humanistic methods to investigate a diverse range of literary questions.

  2. meaning, interpretation and literary theory

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this article the literary theories which dominated textual studies during the twentieth century are discussed briefly, indicating the philosophical roots of these theories. The article points out that whereas theories during the greater part of the twentieth century tended to encourage a more “open” approach to meaning and tex ...

  3. Reader responses to literary depictions of rape

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.M. Koopman (Emy); M. Hilscher (Michelle); G.C. Cupchik (Gerald)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThis study explored reader responses to different literary depictions of rape. Four literary excerpts were used and divided as aesthetic versus nonaesthetic (style) and allusive versus explicit (detail). The general question was how readers would react to literary fragments depicting

  4. 89 ESTABLISHING THE NEXUS BETWEEN LITERARY CRITICISM ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Alex C Asigbo

    literary practice. This is because unconscious assumptions are often hard to modify. Coring et al (2001: 136) observe that the body of knowledge that we know as literary theory contains the fruits of generations of engagement with certain recurrent problems which the reading and interpretation of literary works throws up.

  5. An Introduction to Literary Quaranic Stylistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almenoar, Lubna

    2010-01-01

    A stylistic analysis is one approach of analyzing a literary text using literary descriptions. The use of literary texts in the literature classroom has been limited to mostly Western sources. This paper is an attempt to create an awareness of the linguistic features present in the English language translations of the meaning of the Quran. The…

  6. BYLINA AS A LITERARY GENRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga V. Zakharova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The bylina is a Russian epic song about the bogatyrs. Diff erent genre transformations of bylinas are known in folklore: prosaic narrations [pobyval’shchiny], bogatyr tales, legends about the bogatyrs, lubok tales about the feats of the bogatyrs and knights. In the early 19th  century, Russian literature was actively absorbing epic images and motives: the bogatyrs were turning into characters of novellas, literary tales, poems, novels, operas. Some poets and writers were attempting to develop the bylina as a literary genre. Their genre search was a  creative imitation of Th e Tale of Igor’s Campaign [“Slovo o polku Igoreve”] published in 1800 and in some cases of the Collection of Kirsha Danilov (1804. One of the first attempts was Gavrila R. Derzhavin’s work Dobrynya, Dramatic Musical Performance in Five Acts [“Dobrynya, teatral’noe predstavlenie s muzykoyu, v pyati deystviyakh”, 1804]. Glorifying the idea of the state, the poet composes a work where epic and literary characters act and the plot is derived not only from bylinas and tales, but also from chivalric novels. In Stepan S. Andreev’s poem Levsil, a Russian Bogatyr [“Levsil, russkiy bogatyr’”, 1807] the hero is not only a folkloric (epic and fabulous character, but also a literary one. Alexander F. Veltman’s novel Koshchei the Immortal. A Bylina of the Old Times [“Koshchey bessmertnyy. Bylina starogo vremeni”, 1833] was an ingenious genre experiment. The word ‘bylina’ was used in its title in  the literary genre meaning for the fi rst time ever. The genre of Easter novella Ilya Muromets. A Tale from the Rus’ of the Bogatyrs [“Il’ya Muromets. Skazka Rusi bogatyrskyi”, 1836] by Vladimir I. Dahl emerged from a complicated interaction of the tale, the bylina, the Old Russian novella and the hagiography. The literary transformations of folkloric genre stemmed from the authors’ imaginative need to create a national and historical myth

  7. Post-Digital Literary Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Cramer

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Digital humanities and digital literary studies face much the same challenges as contemporary media art: what will become of them once their media are no longer “new”, and the limitations of processing art as data have become more clearly and widely understood? This paper revisits information aesthetics and computer poetics from the 1960s and 1970s, casting them as precursors of today’s digital humanities, with many of the same issues, achievements and failures, and with their own hype cycles of boom and bust. Conversely, “post-digital” and “Post-Internet” trends in music, graphic design and visual arts may anticipate possible futures of digital humanities and literary studies after the hype has passed.

  8. Literary Library for Physicians (II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando A. NAVARRO

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The adequate practice of medicine is a difficult job if some intimate and deep feelings of patients, such pain, loneliness, depression and helplessness facing an incurable disease or the fear of dying, are not fully understood. A good way to gain a satisfactory understanding of such feelings might be the reading of the great literary works of all times. In this “Medical library for physicians” an essential list of seventy literary works from the Modern to the Contemporary periods has been collected. Their plot is about the disease, the madness, the hospital, the professionalism and the historical and social images of the physicians. In the second part of the article, a brief review of the last thirty?five books is carried out. It considers from Sinuhe egyptiläinen (1945 by Mika Waltari to Nemesis (1943 by Philip Roth.

  9. Post-digital literary studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cramer, Florian

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Digital humanities and digital literary studies face much the same challenges as contemporary media art: what will become of them once their media are no longer “new”, and the limitations of processing art as data have become more clearly and widely understood? This paper revisits information aesthetics and computer poetics from the 1960s and 1970s, casting them as precursors of today’s digital humanities, with many of the same issues, achievements and failures, and with their own hype cycles of boom and bust. Conversely, “post-digital” and “Post-Internet” trends in music, graphic design and visual arts may anticipate possible futures of digital humanities and literary studies after the hype has passed.

  10. STYLISTICS AND CONTEMPORARY LITERARY DISCOURSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elis de Almeida Cardoso

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available For a long time, Stylistics was considered a discipline akin to Rhetoric, being responsible for the study of figures of speech existing in literary texts. This reduced idea was extended, because, today, style is considered forms of expression in different enunciative contexts. Thus, its importance for discourse studies, because each gender has specific linguistic usages that generate different meaning effects. In the case of literary discourse, researchers are faced with the question of form, of expressiveness and of individuation of speech, so they try to investigate the expressive effects obtained through stylistic uses. If the study of the style of a particular period in literature became important because there were groups of writers with very similar stylistic features that revealed their artistic ideals, currently, there is a great stylistic diversity, which makes it difficult to work with the style of a period and “opens the door” to a more plural analysis, which tries to identify the stylistic uses of each author, of the various groups that appear simultaneously in postmodernity with distinct objectives. Thus, this article aims to investigate, drawing on Stylistics, how it is possible to study the meaning effects obtained in contemporary literary discourse.

  11. Religion and the Literary Critic

    OpenAIRE

    Potter, A M

    1989-01-01

    In a recent article Jonathan Culler, condemned out of hand any use of religious terminology to define literature, seeing this as part of the destructive processes so-called “religion” has brought to American life. The article is an attempt to refute Culler by indicating, through an analysis of William Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying, that an attempt to reject all religion as being destructive or quaintly anachronistic (as Culler ultimately does) seriously limits the capacity of the literary critic ...

  12. An Exemplary High School Literary Magazine: "Flight."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holbrook, Hilary Taylor, Comp.

    One of a series of 20 literary magazine profiles written to help faculty advisors wishing to start or improve their publication, this profile provides information on staffing and production of "Flight," the magazine published by St. Edward High School, Cleveland, Ohio. The introduction describes the literary magazine contest (and…

  13. The oceanic literary reading mind : An impression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burke, M.

    2016-01-01

    The mind and brain processes of the literary reading mind are most accurately defined as oceanic: the mind is an ocean. This is the essential premise that I put forward in my book Literary Reading, Cognition and Emotion: An Exploration of the Oceanic Mind (Routledge, 2011).1 The statement is of

  14. Are Literary Translators (still) Lone Wolves?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jansen, Hanne

    2017-01-01

    of a questionnaire on collaboration within literary translation in Scandinavia. Concepts from Community Studies, such as generalized reciprocity, interpersonal trust and active participation, are employed to discuss whether literary translators feel like members of a community, lone wolves, or simply lonely....

  15. THE NIGERIAN FILM INDUSTRY AND LITERARY ADAPTATION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Precious

    Art exists in many forms, of which literature and film are but two. Literature ... Literary adaptation is seen by the free web encyclopedia, Wikipedia as "the adapting of literary source to another genre or medium." This means that a work could be ..... they are not a true representation of the clothes worn at that point in the history ...

  16. Literary Stardom and Heavenly Gifts : Haruki Murakami

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Franssen, G.; Franssen, G.; Honings, R.

    2017-01-01

    From the volume's introduction: "That contemporary literary celebrity can be a global phenomenon is demonstrated by the example of Haruki Murakami. Globalization of literary production, Gaston Franssen reasons, has had major consequences for this author’s image: for instance, Murakami is frequently

  17. The African Diaspora: A Literary Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duodu, Mark W.

    1988-01-01

    Identifies historical factors crucial to the evolution of Black literature in America and the Caribbean, including the triangular trade that displaced and destroyed many Africans, the literary movements of Negritude and the Harlem Renaissance, and the literary collaboration between American and African writers. (DMM)

  18. NIGERIAN LITERARY ARTISTS AND PROTECTION OF AFRICAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    criticism which, without departing on the primary focus on the literary work itself, undertakes to identify and analyze those elements within a poem, drama or prose narrative which are there primarily in order to effect certain responses in a reader. Abrams. (313) asserts that a number of recent critics of literary works,.

  19. Classification of authors by literary prestige

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verboord, Marc

    2003-01-01

    In this study, I investigated a new system to classify authors by literary prestige. The notion of ‘canon’ was considered to lackclear theoretical and empirical grounding. Evaluation and classification practices were examined and operationalized from the perspective of literary field theory. The

  20. Literary Canon of Croatian Renaissance Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krešimir Šimić

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Croatian Renaissance literary culture did not form its literary in the same way as did the Italians. Therefore, the "canonical order" of sixteenth-century Croatian literary culture is usually associated with the nineteenth-century and twentieth-century synthetic literary history. However, if we have in mind the thesis of Harold Bloom that "canonical writers" are those in whose poetics exhibit "anticanonical elements," or in other words, that all great writers reading their predecessors face the fear of the impact and enable activities of their own imagination, then we can say – albeit very cautiously – that Croatian Renaissance literary culture has at least a few "canonical authors": Mavro Vetranović, Petar Zoranić, Petar Hektorović and Marin Držić

  1. Religion and the Literary Critic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Potter

    1989-05-01

    Full Text Available In a recent article Jonathan Culler, condemned out of hand any use of religious terminology to define literature, seeing this as part of the destructive processes so-called “religion” has brought to American life. The article is an attempt to refute Culler by indicating, through an analysis of William Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying, that an attempt to reject all religion as being destructive or quaintly anachronistic (as Culler ultimately does seriously limits the capacity of the literary critic to explore works of literature. Evidence is brought forward to suggest that while Faulkner rejects the hypocritically pious type of religion as does Culler, he, unlike Culler, seems to be aware that religion is a much broader and deeper concept than this, exploring in an extremely positive way a type of experience universally accepted as religious, which has about it none of the qualities which Culler rejects.

  2. A modest proposal: Linguistics and literary studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Furlong

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Linguistics should make significant contributions to literary and critical theory, but has failed to do so. This paper investigates the reasons for the failure and suggests an approach based in Relevance Theory for a working relationship between literary studies and pragmatics. Literary critics have misappropriated linguistic terminology and theories, because their model of language is outdated, and because they blur the distinction between scientific theories and interpretive frameworks—contexts in which assumptions are highly salient. Following an outline of Relevance Theory, an application of relevance stylistics demonstrates the distinctions between theories and interpretive frameworks, and how they can reinforce one another.

  3. Lithuania’s Literary Periodicals: to Go Digital or Get Printed? (From the point of view of their antagonists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asta Urbanaviciute

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyse the possibilities (and intentions of Lithuania’s literary periodicals to start publishing them only in a digital version. An assumption is made that network society, affected by fast consumption trends, is more likely to choose digital magazines and newspapers, therefore literary publications are also challenged to reconsider their publishing strategies. There are several very important reasons (small circulation, possibility to survive only with the help of support funds are included why literary periodicals should think about the possibility to abandon traditional print editions, leaving only a digital version. The attitude of editors of literary publications to possible (or necessary typological changes could be summarized in a few sentences: the biggest problem – getting (not earning! more money. The rest is all right. In order to find out what editors of popular periodicals think about these issues the author of this paper interviewed three editors-in-chief. Why popular publications are marched with literary ones? Because they have to survive knowing that they will not get any financial support from anywhere. There was another reason for inquiring the editor-in-chief of delfi.lt, the biggest Lithuanian news portal, about this matter: delfi.lt would like to co-operate with literary publications. Opinion of the deputy editor-in-chief of internet daily bernardinai.lt which publishes many texts on literary subjects was also sought out. What is their opinion?

  4. Traumatic pasts, literary afterlives, and transcultural memory: new directions of literary and media memory studies

    OpenAIRE

    Erll, Astrid

    2011-01-01

    This article presents new directions of literary and media memory studies. It distinguishes between (1) the study of ‘traumatic pasts’, i.e. representations of war and violence in literature and other media, (2) diachronic and intermedial approaches to ’literary afterlives’ and (3) recent insights into the inherent transculturality of memory and their consequences for literary and media studies.Keywords: cultural memory studies, literature and memory, media and memory,...

  5. Narrative Journalism in the Age of the Internet. New Ways to Create Authenticity in Online Literary Reportages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Berning

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Online literary reportages represent an imperative counterweight to conventional journalism that is essential both for our emotional and intellectual survival. Using Paula Delgado-Kling’s online literary reportage Child Soldiers: Homero and Mark Bowden’s multimedia text The Desert One Debacle as examples, Nora Berning explores issues of multimediality and authenticity in online narrative journalism. Berning’s case studies open up discussions, both theoretical and practical, about the future of digital media literacy.

  6. Literary Journalism Courses and Professional Writers (Commentary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sims, Norman

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the classroom approaches and teaching techniques professional writers use when teaching literary journalism. Comments on discussions with John McPhee, Mark Kramer, Madeleine Blais, and Tracy Kidder. (MG)

  7. Interculturality and World Literary System(s)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    kulj, Jola

    2013-01-01

    In her article "Interculturality and World Literary System(s)" Jola Škulj proposes a new framework for studying planetary exchanges of literatures, one that subverts the systemic distinction between centers and peripheries...

  8. Interculturality and World Literary System(s)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Škulj, Jola

    2013-01-01

    In her article "Interculturality and World Literary System(s)" Jola Škulj proposes a new framework for studying planetary exchanges of literatures, one that subverts the systemic distinction between centers and peripheries...

  9. Discursive paradigm of research of a literary text

    OpenAIRE

    Кондратенко, Н. В.

    2015-01-01

    The article defines discursive status of a literary text and outlines the role of the text in the act of literary communication. It also shows the dynamics study of a literary text in linguistics in terms of different methodological approaches and presents communicatively oriented approach to the analysis of literary communication.

  10. Literary Work Between Romanticism and Realism

    OpenAIRE

    Mikulová, Michaela

    2014-01-01

    Diploma thesis deals with detection of romantic and realistic components in three selected novels, traditionally placed on the border between romanticism and realism, and more closely examines if their ambiguity in terms of literary movement is from a contemporary point of view up-to-date and relevant, and what constitutes it. This main goal is preceded by the need to define the most complex concepts of literary romanticism and realism, including their specific characteristics, tendencies and...

  11. INK - Designing for Performative Literary Interactions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fritsch, Jonas; Pold, Søren Bro; Vestergaard, Lasse Steenbock

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we present the interactive literary installation Ink, an experimental installation displayed at the Roskilde library, and the Roskilde Festival, which is designed to prompt public reflection on the nature and role of digital literature. By manipulating three books embedded...... tendencies when designing affectively engaging literary interactions at the edge of art and design. Keywords: Affective engagement, Digital literature, Ergodic reading, Public displays, Performative interaction...

  12. Literary Censorship: The Changing Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laila Al-Sharqi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Censorship is a double-edged sword that has bred legal, political, and moral wrangling across the globe. The basic controversy, which harkens back to ancient times, stems from the motivation and intention of the censoring authority. The censoring authority controls literary and informational contents, based on the promulgated political, moral, religious, and cultural values of the land. Historically, the politicians, judiciary, clergymen, powerful groups, and the public at large were involved in guarding public morals and rooting out obscenity. The obscenity laws outlawed the selling, purchasing, printing, importing, and mailing of obscene items. However, in today's day and age, the Internet has made it difficult to control the circulation of what was once considered obscene. Censorship has evolved to monitor and control online content to keep abreast with the changing times; nevertheless, it does not always effectively control the questionable content. Moreover, in the past, cultural values and demography played a vital role in deciding what needed to be censored. Internet, as an electronic global village, has redefined demography; therefore, the global as well as indigenous standards upon which literature were once analyzed for censorship is now blurred. The promise of free speech has given power to the people that live in mature democracies. However, there should be a self-imposed code of conduct so that the right of free speech does not infringe on others' right of existence. This paper reviews censorship, tracing its historical path and evolution over the years, its changing standards, and its pros and cons. Lastly, the paper discusses the need to conjoin freedom of speech with the responsibility to protect the diverse cultures, religions, races, sects, genders, and especially the young generation.

  13. Literary Aspects of a Girlie Magazine: The Literary Contributions of Esquire, 1933-43.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Thane

    From its inauspicious beginnings as a men's store giveaway and a "girlie" magazine in 1933, "Esquire" magazine quickly established a policy of literary excellence. By 1945, the magazine included the works on such major literary figures as Erskine Caldwell, John Dos Passos, Dashiell Hammett, Ernest Hemingway, Ring Lardner, James…

  14. Orna Me: Laurence Sterne’s Open Letter to Literary History

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    Celia B. Barnes

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay considers the curious way Laurence Sterne communicates with and reflects on his literary predecessors, most often Alexander Pope, by writing love letters to women. Focusing primarily on his correspondence with Elizabeth Draper, Barnes contends that, even as Sterne looks back to Pope to guarantee himself a place in literary history, he looks forward to women like Draper to ensure his name will survive.  Thus, erotic correspondence becomes an important way of ensuring Sterne’s literary estate, or as he terms it, his “futurity.” “Orna Me”—a phrase that means, roughly, “ornament me” or “set me off,” and that Sterne got from Pope and Swift, who got it from Cicero—allows Sterne to plug in to a literary tradition that privileges collaboration: append something of yours to something of mine. It is this idea of letter-writing as correspondence, a collaborative process between friends or lovers, that unites Sterne to his female correspondent and to literary tradition all at once.

  15. The literary expression of Persian sufism

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    Bo Utas

    1970-02-01

    Full Text Available It is in itself impossible to separate Persian mysticism from Islamic mysticism in general. When talking about the literary expression of Persian Sufism, the author restricts himself to works written in New Persian language, i.e. a limitation based on literary and not religious criteria. This is easily comprehensible considering the fact that one and the same Sufi shaykh or poet often wrote both in Persian and Arabic—or in some other of the languages of the Islamic cultural community, as e.g. Turkish or Urdu. With this in mind the author sketches the origin and development of four literary forms within the boundaries of classical Persian literature (c. 900-1600 A.D..

  16. Literary Aspects in New Media Art Works

    OpenAIRE

    Bovcon, Narvika

    2013-01-01

    In her article "Literary Aspects in New Media Art Works" Narvika Bovcon discusses examples of new media literature in the works of new media artists Jaka Železnikar and Srečo Dragan. While Železnikar is primarily a net artist who authors new media poetry and online linguistic interventions, the literary segments in Dragan's work are based in conceptual art and video art and he uses them to initiate a happening. Bovcon argues that studies of new media literature — of those works which require ...

  17. Rethinking National Literatures and the Literary Canon in Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heede, Dag

    Anthology exploring the concept of "The Nordic" and their literary canons, national self-understanding and identity......Anthology exploring the concept of "The Nordic" and their literary canons, national self-understanding and identity...

  18. Literary Language in Development of L2 Competence

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    Dan Lu

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays it is believed that language in daily communication rather than literary language should be the target of learning in L2 education. This is mainly because literary language is said to be uncommon in life. This paper reports on a study in which some Hong Kong ESL learners’ English proficiency was re-examined through literary texts. These learners had reached intermediate or advanced levels of English prior to the study and were generally competent in daily English. However, many of them encountered difficulty in understanding literary language. Their proficiency in general English test could not match their performances in understanding literary works. The findings reveal that learners who are strong in general proficiency may not be good in understanding literary language. Lack of literary language in the curriculum results in a false and distorted picture about the learners’ proficiency. Literary language helps upgrade L2 learners’ real proficiency in the target language.

  19. The Publishing Culture and the Literary Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solotaroff, Ted

    1984-01-01

    Argues that traditional bridges between the literary culture and publishing culture have increasingly weakened in past decade. The publishing culture has become like that of big business, marked by effort to standardize product, distribution, and consumer, and the advent of bookstore chains has put into practice the mass-merchandising system.…

  20. Literary ethnographic writing as sympathetic experiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Anne Line

    not propose a radical turn towards literary writing in anthropology. Rather, I suggest that we include the courage of imagination inherent to literature and the accompanying doubt into our existing endeavor, if not for anything else, then for the sake of a more human relationship with our so-called informants....

  1. Digital Fiction: "Unruly Object" or Literary Artefact?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allan, Cherie

    2017-01-01

    Is digital fiction worthy of serious consideration as a literary text and does it have a place in the English classroom, particularly in light of the establishment of a stand-alone Literature subject as part of the Years 11-12 English program in the Australian Curriculum? To answer these questions this paper briefly looks at the development and…

  2. THE NIGERIAN FILM INDUSTRY AND LITERARY ADAPTATION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Precious

    Many other notable writers have had their works adapted from the literary medium into film. These include Oscar. Wilde, Thomas Hardy, Charles Dickens, Agatha Christie, Ian. Fleming, Joseph Conrad, Graham Greene, George Orwell, Rudyard. Kipling, D. H. Lawrence and more recently, J. K. Rowling of Harry. Potter fame.

  3. OUTSELVES Linked: Cultural Alienation in Literary Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gewaily, M.

    2014-01-01

    This article is a study of the relationship between the self and its others. It aims to reconsider the two major principles of relevance and context to present a human relationship between the art of communicative performance and the art of cognitive competence throughout some mental representations in literary performances. The article here draws…

  4. 462 LITERARY ANALYSIS AND EXPOSITION: THE SECOND ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    social/CUltural construct and language in use. I further believe it is possible for linguistics to guide literary studies away from mere criticism of student work to critique of it, through making literature teachers conscious of the linguistic, and specifically the communicative, validity of many so-called non-standard English forms.

  5. Literarische Kommunikation und literarische Verfahrensweisen im Fremdsprachenunterricht (Literary Communication and Literary Procedures in Foreign Language Teaching)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kloepfer, Rolf; Melenk, Hartmut

    1978-01-01

    Argues that literature should have a place in the language learning process. Since colloquial and literary styles overlap, it is felt that the two styles should not remain separated in actual life. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  6. Continuity in language: styles and registers in literary and non-literary discourse

    OpenAIRE

    Willim, Ewa (red.)

    2014-01-01

    Praca recenzowana / peer-reviewed paper Part I includes studies concerned with the language of literary discourse, pursued in fi ction as well as in poetry and drama. Of the seven articles, fi ve combine stylistic and literary critical analysis. Th ese are the studies by Katarzyna Bazarnik, Teresa Bela, Izabela Curyłło-Klag, Marek Pawlicki and Krystyna Stamirowska. Th e remaining two, by Elżbieta Chrzanowska- Kluczewska and Grzegorz Szpila, are linguistic stylistic studies i...

  7. Curriculum Evaluation and Literary Criticism: Comments on the Analogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Edward F.

    1975-01-01

    Compares curriculum evaluation with literary criticism, emphasizing ways the literary concepts of metaphor, point of view, plot, and theme may be applied to curriculum evaluation. Suggests that the use of literary concepts and rhetoric may enable evaluators to describe and judge curricula without distortion or oversimplification. (JG)

  8. Post-digital Books and Disruptive Literary Machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pold, Søren Bro; Andersen, Christian Ulrik

    (Striphas, 2011, Andersen & Pold, 2012). In our paper we want to focus on how artistic, e-literary experiments explore this new literary culture through formal experiments with expanded books and/or artistic experiments with the post-print literary economy. Examples of the first are Konrad Korabiewski...

  9. Literary celebrity and the discourse on authorship in Dutch literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Franssen, G.

    2010-01-01

    Literary celebrity results from a clash between two discursive configurations: literary authorship and popular celebrity. In order to gain an understanding of the contradictions that lie at the heart of literary celebrity, the authorial subjectivity of two Dutch authors are analyzed: Menno ter Braak

  10. Marginalia. The Literary Independence of Spanish America

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    Juan Guillermo Gómez García

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses some of the characteristic problems and issues of the so-called “literary independence” of Spanish America in the light of its political emancipation from Spain. This topic goes beyond the temporal framework or the periodization of the wars of independence; instead, it covers the entire nineteenth century and part of the twentieth, and appears discontinuously and non-simultaneously in the different nations. The path followed by Spanish American literature was filled with vicissitudes,manifestations, and regressions of diverse types. The paper specifically analyzes La biblioteca americana and El repertorio americano by the Venezuelan, Andrés Bello, and Juan García del Río, a native of Cartagena, as well as the role of the young Argentinean Domingo F. Sarmiento, author of Facundo, in the genesis and first outlines of an independent Spanish American “literary expression”.

  11. CULTURAL NATIONALISM AND THE IRISH LITERARY REVIVAL

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    David Pierce

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The impact of cultural nationalism on the Insh Literary Revival is a topic of continuing interest for the cultural critic and literary historian alike. In recent years, with the Fa11 of the Berlin Wall, political scientists and others, suchas A.D. Smith, Ernest Gellner, and E.J. Hobsbawm, have also focused on the subject of nationalism. The intention here in this article is to revisit a familiar site in the light of these new ideas and to test their validity or appropriateness in the Irish context. The article, part of a larger project to be published in 2003 by Polity Press under the title A Cultural History of Twentieth-Century Irish Literature, is divided into 5 sections: What ish my Nation?; What is a Nation?; Do Nations Have Navels?; 1890s: Winds of Change; English As We Speak It In Ireland. Among Irish authors discussed are Hyde, Shaw. Yeats, Wilde, Lady Gregory, Joyce, and Beckett.

  12. Reading minds: mentalization, irony and literary engagement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galgut, Elisa

    2010-08-01

    The concept of 'mentalization' has recently provided a fertile resource for thinking about various issues in psychoanalysis, including attachment, children's play, personality disorders and the work of interpretation within the analytic setting. Mentalization also provides fruitful ways of thinking about how we read. This paper will suggest that book reading is akin to mind reading: engaging with certain literary texts is akin to understanding the minds of others from the subjective perspective required by mentalization. This way of thinking about literature provides a useful way of understanding its value. The paper will focus specifically on the uses of irony and free indirect speech in Jane Austen's novel Persuasion. Austen's use of literary techniques provides a way of understanding the inner lives of her characters via the ironic voice of the implied author, and requires the reader to engage in the kinds of understanding and insight required for mentalization. Copyright © 2010 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  13. Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, David Comer; Castano, Emanuele

    2013-10-18

    Understanding others' mental states is a crucial skill that enables the complex social relationships that characterize human societies. Yet little research has investigated what fosters this skill, which is known as Theory of Mind (ToM), in adults. We present five experiments showing that reading literary fiction led to better performance on tests of affective ToM (experiments 1 to 5) and cognitive ToM (experiments 4 and 5) compared with reading nonfiction (experiments 1), popular fiction (experiments 2 to 5), or nothing at all (experiments 2 and 5). Specifically, these results show that reading literary fiction temporarily enhances ToM. More broadly, they suggest that ToM may be influenced by engagement with works of art.

  14. TRANSLATION PROBLEMS OF THE POSTMODERN LITERARY TEXT

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    K.G. Lashchenko

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available  The article reviews general problems of the postmodern fiction translation. The author discusses interrelation between required cognitive base of a translator, appropriate translation skills and excellent knowledge of native language on one hand, and adequate translation of postmodern fiction on the other hand. Translator’s difficulties generated by the literary work specifics are analyzed and summarized, and practical ways to curb with them are suggested.

  15. RETRACTED: Translating Connotative Meaning in Literary Texts at the University of Petra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akram M. Beiruti

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is primarily concerned with the investigation of the importance of connotation in translation. The four meanings normally discussed in semantics are denotation, connotation, reference and sense. Denotation is the frame of meaning, which is found in definitions given by dictionaries; while connotation is an additional shade of meaning added to the denotation of a word. Pragmatic meanings play an important role in the interpretation of a literary text. They need to be handled carefully by translators, and are likely not to survive the process of translation. Their meanings are fragile and often culture specific. They may also be highly personal associated with the author himself. In literary translation, meaning can only be accurate to a certain degree, since it is looking for the connotative as well as the denotative meanings. As such the successful translator is aware of the multiple meanings of the word. Whilst the translator has to cope with the different shades of word meanings, which are in non-literary translation, he can achieve anywhere near perfection. It worth mentioning that poetry is the hardest of all literary genres to translate, because it has some linguistic factors to account for (notably sound, rhyme and meter and connotation. Thus the importance of connotation is of utmost importance in translation. which translators have to be aware of.

  16. Approaches and Methods of Periodization in Literary History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naser Gholi Sarli

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract One of the most fundamental acts of historiography is to classify historical information in diachronic axis. The method of this classification or periodization shows the theoretical approach of the historian and determines the structure and the form of his history. Because of multiple criteria of analysis and various literary genres, periodization in literary history is more complicated than that of general history. We can distinguish two approaches in periodization of literary history, although these can be used together: extrinsic or social-cultural approach (based on criteria extrinsic to literature and intrinsic or formalist approach (based on criteria intrinsic to literature. Then periodization in literary history can be formulated in different methods and may be based upon various criteria: chronological such as century, decade and year organic patterns of evolution great poets and writers literary emblems and evaluations of every period events, concepts and periods of general or political history analogy of literary history and history of ideas or history of arts approaches and styles of language dominant literary norms. These methods actually are used together and everyone has adequacy in special kind of literary history. In periodization of Persian contemporary literature, some methods and models current in periodization of poetry have been applied identically to periodization of prose. Periodization based upon century, decade and year is the simplest and most mechanical method but sometimes certain centuries in some countries have symbolic and stylistic meaning, and decades were used often for subdivisions of literary history, especially nowadays with fast rhythm of literary change. Periodization according to organic patterns of evolution equates the changes of literary history with the life phases of an organism, and offers an account of birth, mature and death (and sometimes re-birth of literary genres, but this method have

  17. Approaches and Methods of Periodization in Literary History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. N. Gh. Sarli

    Full Text Available One of the most fundamental acts of historiography is to classify historical information in diachronic axis. The method of this classification or periodization shows the theoretical approach of the historian and determines the structure and the form of his history. Because of multiple criteria of analysis and various literary genres, periodization in literary history is more complicated than that of general history. We can distinguish two approaches in periodization of literary history, although these can be used together: extrinsic or social-cultural approach (based on criteria extrinsic to literature and intrinsic or formalist approach (based on criteria intrinsic to literature. Then periodization in literary history can be formulated in different methods and may be based upon various criteria: chronological such as century, decade and year; organic patterns of evolution; great poets and writers; literary emblems and evaluations of every period; events, concepts and periods of general or political history; analogy of literary history and history of ideas or history of arts; approaches and styles of language; dominant literary norms. These methods actually are used together and everyone has adequacy in special kind of literary history. In periodization of Persian contemporary literature, some methods and models current in periodization of poetry have been applied identically to periodization of prose. Periodization based upon century, decade and year is the simplest and most mechanical method but sometimes certain centuries in some countries have symbolic and stylistic meaning, and decades were used often for subdivisions of literary history, especially nowadays with fast rhythm of literary change.Periodization according to organic patterns of evolution equates the changes of literary history with the life phases of an organism, and offers an account of birth, mature and death (and sometimes re-birth of literary genres, but this method have

  18. Approaches and Methods of Periodization in Literary History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naser Gholi Sarli

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract One of the most fundamental acts of historiography is to classify historical information in diachronic axis. The method of this classification or periodization shows the theoretical approach of the historian and determines the structure and the form of his history. Because of multiple criteria of analysis and various literary genres, periodization in literary history is more complicated than that of general history. We can distinguish two approaches in periodization of literary history, although these can be used together: extrinsic or social-cultural approach (based on criteria extrinsic to literature and intrinsic or formalist approach (based on criteria intrinsic to literature. Then periodization in literary history can be formulated in different methods and may be based upon various criteria: chronological such as century, decade and year organic patterns of evolution great poets and writers literary emblems and evaluations of every period events, concepts and periods of general or political history analogy of literary history and history of ideas or history of arts approaches and styles of language dominant literary norms. These methods actually are used together and everyone has adequacy in special kind of literary history. In periodization of Persian contemporary literature, some methods and models current in periodization of poetry have been applied identically to periodization of prose. Periodization based upon century, decade and year is the simplest and most mechanical method but sometimes certain centuries in some countries have symbolic and stylistic meaning, and decades were used often for subdivisions of literary history, especially nowadays with fast rhythm of literary change. Periodization according to organic patterns of evolution equates the changes of literary history with the life phases of an organism, and offers an account of birth, mature and death (and sometimes re-birth of literary genres, but this method have

  19. Literary Hermeneutic - A Large Vision upon the Text

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Vorotneac

    2011-01-01

    This article represents the book “Literary Hermeneutic” by Victoria Fonari, Ph.D., State University of Moldova. Hermeneutic, as a researching object, includes literary, critical, theological, juridical, linguistic, psychological, verbal and sociological knowledge. Literary Hermeneutic is one of the most favored disciplines. It is venerated both in Homeric exegesis from antiquity and in the improvement of the methodology interpretation of the canonical works, in which a vain moment is texts’ d...

  20. A Data-Oriented Model of Literary Language

    OpenAIRE

    Cranenburgh, Andreas van; Bod, Rens

    2017-01-01

    We consider the task of predicting how literary a text is, with a gold standard from human ratings. Aside from a standard bigram baseline, we apply rich syntactic tree fragments, mined from the training set, and a series of hand-picked features. Our model is the first to distinguish degrees of highly and less literary novels using a variety of lexical and syntactic features, and explains 76.0 % of the variation in literary ratings.

  1. Literary magazines and newspapers for children and youth

    OpenAIRE

    Kovačič Siuka, Jasna

    2013-01-01

    Slovenian literary magazines and newspapers have experienced a lot of changes from their beginnings in the 19th century, which include form and content. This thesis attempts to present these changes thoroughly and show the dynamics of occurrence of Slovenian literary magazines and newspapers for children and youth. Furthermore, it presents the main differences and similarities between them. The theoretical part of the thesis presents Slovenian literary magazines and newspapers for children an...

  2. Development of Logical and Coherent Literary Interpretations

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    Betina von Staa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present a case study in which High School freshmen in Brazil produce literary interpretations. The paper is based upon the theory of genres and registers by Eggins and Martin (1997 and on Bakhtin (1981 and Voloshinov (1973. We demonstrate by means of examples taken from students’ texts that activities such as a debate in which students perceived how different their points of view were and the practice of writing summaries and accounts may have originated texts in which students showed more self-assurance by the end of the semester.

  3. No Future without Humanities: Literary Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svend Erik Larsen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available What might Humanities have to offer to the current big societal and technological challenges? The nine short position papers presented here were collected by Svend Erik Larsen from colleagues and members of the Academia Europaea Section for Literary and Theatrical Studies who have been actively involved in the changes within their discipline in the areas they introduce. They show emerging interdisciplinary fields, provide new insights, indicate significant cultural achievements and forge new collaborations in order to shape the outlines of the research landscape of the 21st century. Their main concern is not the future of Humanities, but the future with Humanities.

  4. The Medical Dangers of Literary Genius.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruston, Sharon

    This essay examines three key texts by William Buchan, Isaac D'Israeli, and Richard Robert Madden, which demonstrate the emergence of the newly conceived idea of literary genius in the Romantic period. It considers the role of a new genre, the "medical biography," in the development of this phenomenon. While the mental precariousness of the Romantic genius has been much commented upon, this essay concentrates instead on the bodily or physical aspects of genius, which is itself figured as a disease. The study and writing involved in publication are viewed as stimulants that can be addictive, ruining the health and wellbeing of authors and even leading to their early deaths.

  5. The Problem of Literary Education for Pupils of Elementary School

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    Roksolana Zharkova

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The author analyzes the problem of literary education of elementary school students in the contemporary cultural space. The article states that the literary education based on literary Propedevtics of younger students and is based on the process of reading fiction. Therefore, it is important to promote reading, promote children's reading and children's book production in Ukraine. The author concludes that the gradual renewal of the education system, particularly literary education of primary school children should be primarily seen in the development of new textbooks and anthologies that will meet the needs and opportunities of the modern child.

  6. Finding Feminist Literary Reading: Portrayals Of Women In The 1920s Indonesian Literary Writings

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    Diah Ariani Arimbi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Modern Indonesian literature can be said to be born around 1920s with the publication of modern Indonesian literary works by Balai Pustaka. Amongst the works published by Balai Pustaka in the 1920s ; there are most popular works namely Sitti Nurbaya (1922 ; Azab dan Sengsara(1927 and Salah Asuhan (1928 representing the tone of 1920s literary productions. This paper aims to look at images of women in those three works written by male authors ; using feminist literary criticism. By means of close reading technique; the study uses feminist literary criticism to examine and (reexamine the images of women portrayed in those three works. The finding shows that on one hand some women are still trapped with the shackle of patriarchy, but, on the other hand, some women are not simply passive victims of patriarchy: these women still attempt to escape from the patriarchal chain and cut out the patriarchal oppression. Key Words: modern Indonesian literature; 1920s; Balai Pustaka; women; feminist literary criticism Abstrak: Sastra Indonesia modern dapat dikatakan lahir sekitar tahun1920-an dengan publikasi karya sastra Indonesia modern oleh Balai Pustaka. Di antara karya yang diterbitkan oleh Balai Pustaka pada tahun 1920-an; terdapat karya yang paling populer seperti Sitti Nurbaya (1922; Azab dan Sengsara (1927; dan Salah Asuhan (1928 yang mewakili suara produksi sastra tahun 1920-an. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk melihat potret perempuan dalam tiga karya yang ditulis oleh penulis laki-laki dengan menggunakan pendekatan kritik sastra feminis. Melalui teknik pembacaan yang mendalam (close reading technique; penelitian ini menggunakan kritik sastra feminis untuk menelaah potret perempuan dalam tiga karya tersebut. Temuan dalam tulisan ini menunjukkan bahwa di satu sisi perempuan masih terbelenggu oleh patriarkat; tetapi di sisi lain perempuan bukanlah korban patriarkat yang pasif: perempuan tetap berupaya untuk keluar dari belenggu ini dan memutus

  7. Literary Fiction Influences Attitudes Toward Animal Welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Małecki, Wojciech; Pawłowski, Bogusław; Sorokowski, Piotr

    2016-01-01

    Literary fiction has been credited with considerable power to improve attitudes toward outgroups. It was even argued that it has been an important factor behind the global decline of violence against various minorities in the last centuries. Could it also help to reduce the human-inflicted suffering of animals? To test this, we studied the attitude toward animal welfare of n = 921 (experimental group) people of both sexes who read a short fragment of an unpublished novel with a motif of the physical abuse of an animal. The control group (n = 912) read a fragment of a similar length but not related to animals. After reading the text all subjects filled out an on-line questionnaire with seven items (camouflaged among many others items) measuring attitudes toward animal welfare. The questionnaire included also demographical questions, such as whether the subject keeps pets. We found that in comparison with the control group, the experimental group was significantly more concerned about animal welfare. This result indicates that literary fiction can influence attitudes toward other species. It is also worth noting that our study is characterized by a high level of ecological validity, i.e. a relatively high extent to which its results can be generalized (or extended) to real-world settings. Due to its specific design, which involved the cooperation of a bestselling author and his publisher, the study approximated the typical conditions in which people read fiction in a remarkably accurate way. Finally, our research has potential practical implications for promoting animal welfare.

  8. Literary Interpretation from Linguistics Perspective: Applying Semantic and Structural Approaches in Analyzing English and Persian Literary Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Saber Khaghaninejad

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available During previous decades, choosing the best method for literary criticism so that it would not taint the meaning of works has been attracted the attention of critics all around the world. Applying linguistic-based methods, as contemporary literary criticism methods, help critics to inform readers of literary and lingual senses while being committed to the text. This article has attempted to study and evaluate the ways of applying semantic and structural methods in presenting right literary analysis. Since the application of these methods is not language specific literally nor lingual, some practical examples of applying these methods are presented for studying and criticizing samples of English and Persian literatures.

  9. Application of Freudian Concepts to the Explication of Literary Texts ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    Abstract: This article established and proved the age old relationship between. Psychology and Literature together with the application of Freudian concepts to the explication of literary texts. The interest of literary critics from Sigmund Freud to Jacques Lacan has been noticeable and remarkable in the field of psychoanalytic ...

  10. Application of Freudian Concepts to the Explication of Literary Texts ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article established and proved the age old relationship between. Psychology and Literature together with the application of Freudian concepts to the explication of literary texts. The interest of literary critics from Sigmund Freud to Jacques Lacan has been noticeable and remarkable in the field of psychoanalytic criticism.

  11. THE LITERARY TEXT AS A TESTAMENT OF SOCIAL ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    against this backdrop that this paper uses the literary drama to assess critically the socio-political and ... The text, whether literary, improvised or in the structure of visual literature, across broad boundaries is a little ..... representation of the Nigerian political tradition in which politicians muster political thugs carrying weapons ...

  12. The Crime of Plagiarism: A Critique of Literary Property Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatch, Gary Layne

    Understanding the history of plagiarism may put scholars in a position to define plagiarism more precisely and to decide plagiarism disputes involving students and scholars more fairly. The origins of literary property are found in ritual and religious drama. In classical Greece and Rome, literary property began to hold some value for the author.…

  13. Revisiting Style, a Key Concept in Literary Studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herrmann, J. Berenike; van Dalen-Oskam, K.H.; Schöch, Christof

    2015-01-01

    Language and literary studies have studied style for centuries, and even since the advent of ›stylistics‹ as a discipline at the beginning of the twentieth century, definitions of ›style‹ have varied heavily across time, space and fields. Today, with increasingly large collections of literary texts

  14. Reading Minds: Using Literary Resources in Family Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Liz

    A qualitative enquiry explored, with a range of family therapists and systemic practitioners, the influence they perceive to have been made on their personal and professional lives by the literary texts they have read. Noting that "literary" is broadly interpreted to include poetry, prose, drama/film, song lyrics, etc., the study's aims…

  15. Functional aesthetics of literary theory and the conflict of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Functional aesthetics of literary theory and the conflict of interpretations. ... Key words: Literary theory, functional aesthetics, interpretation, evaluation, meaning. ... Notre étude a pour objet, d'analyser les principes de la théorie littéraire et le conflit d'interprétations pour voir comment cette situation permet la création du sens ...

  16. Painting local colour: a sociolinguistic disposition of the literary artist ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Literary artists have advanced human ways of life through their writings. Hence, literature as a work of art merely lends credence to these persuasions by literary artists. It is possible to describe 'Culture' as the art, literature, music and other intellectual expressions of a particular society or time. Therefore, literature being an ...

  17. Using Literary Texts to Teach Grammar in Foreign Language Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atmaca, Hasan; Günday, Rifat

    2016-01-01

    Today, it is discussed that the use of literary texts in foreign language classroom as a course material isn't obligatory; but necessary due to the close relationship between language and literature. Although literary texts are accepted as authentic documents and do not have any purpose for language teaching, they are indispensable sources to be…

  18. Literary translation into indigenous languages in Nigeria and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study makes out a case for the thorny problem of literary translation into Nigeria's indigenous languages and its role in national development. In this paper, we outline the way forward given the fact that literary translation into Nigerian languages had gone through a sticky patch. Federal, State and Local governments in ...

  19. Fascinating! Popular Science Communication and Literary Science Fiction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Gitte

    2017-01-01

    Some see literary Science Fiction as a possible vehicle for critical discussions about the future development and the ethical implications of science-based technologies. According to that understanding, literary Science Fiction constitutes a variety of science communication. Along related lines, ...

  20. Dialectical Re-Lexicalization in Festus Iyayi's Literary Idiolect ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A conflation of factors such as the social situation that provides the universe of discourse in Festus Iyayi's novels, the ideological leaning of the writer and the paradigms of the characters of the literary works condition the literary idiom of the three novels under study- Violence, The contract and Heroes. The dialectics of ...

  1. Named entity recognition and resolution for literary studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dalen-Oskam, K.H.; de Does, Jesse; Marx, Maarten; Sijaranamual, Isaac; Depuydt, Katrien; Verheij, Boukje; Geirnaert, Valentijn

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the project Namescape: Mapping the Landscape of Names in Modern Dutch Literature, funded by CLARIN-NL. The background of the project is research in literary onomastics, the study of the usage and functions of proper names in literary (i.e. ctional) texts. The two main tasks for

  2. Named Entity Recognition and Resolution for Literary Studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dalen-Oskam, K.; de Does, J.; Marx, M.; Sijaranamual, I.; Depuydt, K.; Verheij, B.; Geirnaert, V.

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the project Namescape: Mapping the Landscape of Names in Modern Dutch Literature, funded by CLARIN-NL. The background of the project is research in literary onomastics, the study of the usage and functions of proper names in literary (i.e. fictional) texts. The two main tasks

  3. A canonical-literary reading of Lamentations 5 | Kang | HTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article presents a canonical and literary reading of Lamentations 5 in the context of the book of Lamentations as a whole. Following the approach by Vanhoozer (1998, 2002) based on speech-act theory, the meaning of Scripture is sought at canonical level, supervening the basic literary level. In Lamentations, as ...

  4. Empathy at the confluence of neuroscience and empirical literary studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burke, M.; Mangen, Anne; Kuzmicova, Anezka; Schilhab, Theresa

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this article is to review extant empirical studies of empathy in narrative reading in light of (a) contemporary literary theory, and (b) neuroscientific studies of empathy, and to discuss how a closer interplay between neuroscience and literary studies may enhance our understanding

  5. Exploring the Materiality of Literary Apps for Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henkel, Ayoe Qvist

    2016-01-01

    , this article suggests how a materiality approach can shed light on the formation of meaning in literary apps for children. The analysis is founded on three aspects of the materiality of literary apps: its manifestation as text, its embedment in a medium, and its manner of being and interacting with the world......Children’s literature is increasingly being realized in app format, with its possibilities of combining text, music, sound effects, stills, animated movies, verbal language, and, not least, interactivity. This digital and medial literary development calls for new analytical approaches to explore...... in approaching an understanding of literary apps for children and cross-media reading. Keywords Literary apps for children, materiality, digital literature, N. Katherine Hayles, interface...

  6. Post-digital Books and Disruptive Literary Machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pold, Søren Bro; Andersen, Christian Ulrik

    2014-01-01

    as part of the exploration. This article focuses on how artistic, e-literary experiments explore this new literary culture through formal experiments with expanded books and/or artistic experiments with the post-digital literary economy. Examples are Ubermorgen’s The Project Formerly Known as Kindle...... part of a post-capitalistic production process through controlled consumption platforms. If the printing press was the first conveyor belt and thus an integral part of developing industrial capitalism, then this article sketches out how contemporary literary technologies is integral to the development......Abstract The e-book has been launched several times during the last decades and the book’s demise has often been predicted. Furthermore networked and electronic literature has already established a long history. However, currently we witness several interesting artistic and literary experiments...

  7. Oral literary traditions in North Sumatra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Brakel-Papenhuyzen

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with traditional literature of the Pakpak-Dairi and Karo peoples in North Sumatra, who are speakers of closely related Batak languages and have many common features in their language and culture. Their traditional life-style, based on agriculture and the use of forest products, requires the regular performance of community rituals featuring songs, dance, music and other oral traditions including storytelling. The songs, prayers, and stories belonging to their literary tradition have characteristic features that are intimately connected with the social context in which they are created and performed. Karo and Pakpak-Dairi oral genres often contain information about the natural environment, local customs and religious concepts. They may also reflect perceptions of relationships with neighbouring groups, such as the Minangkabau and the Malays who live in the coastal areas.

  8. INK - Designing for Performative Literary Interactions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fritsch, Jonas; Pold, Søren Bro; Vestergaard, Lasse Steenbock

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we present the interactive literary installation Ink, an experimental installation displayed at the Roskilde library, and the Roskilde Festival, which is designed to prompt public reflection on the nature and role of digital literature. By manipulating three books embedded...... with sensors, and watching text visualized on a 55’’ screen, members of the public select from a range of predefined sentences, previously created by a Danish author, and stored in a database. Squeezing the books alters each poetic line by degrees. The final poems print onto a library receipt....... In particular, we highlight the broad, rich range of performative interactions facilitated by the interactive setup. This analysis examines the performative writing and reading achieved by the public through interaction with Ink and also with the resultant poems. From this exploration, we discuss general...

  9. Choices of texts for literary education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skyggebjerg, Anna Karlskov

    This paper charts the general implications of the choice of texts for literature teaching in the Danish school system, especially in Grades 8 and 9. It will analyze and discuss the premises of the choice of texts, and the possibilities of a certain choice of text in a concrete classroom situation....... The teaching of literature has a double bind. On the one hand, there is a subject (Danish) and a curriculum with a certain type of texts with cultural and even national connotations, and the limits of the choice of texts and curriculum are decided by the state. On the other hand, there are some concrete...... readers with literary interests, competences, possibilities, needs, etc. Generally speaking the criteria for the choice of texts for teaching literature in Danish schools have been dominated by considerations for the subject and Literature in itself. The predominant view of literature comes from...

  10. Personal Names and Identity in Literary Contexts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedicta Windt-Val

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This article is an attempt to show the close connection between a person's given name and their feeling of identity and self. This connection is very important - it has even been stated that the parents' choice of name for their child will have an influence on the development of the personality of the child. Moreover, personal names and place names are some of the most important tools of the author in the creation of credible characters placed in a literary universe that gives the impression of being authentic. Many authors from different countries have related their view of the significance of names and naming, not only as a source of information for the reader, but also as an important part of making the characters real to the authors themselves during the process of writing.

  11. Literary Fiction Influences Attitudes Toward Animal Welfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawłowski, Bogusław; Sorokowski, Piotr

    2016-01-01

    Literary fiction has been credited with considerable power to improve attitudes toward outgroups. It was even argued that it has been an important factor behind the global decline of violence against various minorities in the last centuries. Could it also help to reduce the human-inflicted suffering of animals? To test this, we studied the attitude toward animal welfare of n = 921 (experimental group) people of both sexes who read a short fragment of an unpublished novel with a motif of the physical abuse of an animal. The control group (n = 912) read a fragment of a similar length but not related to animals. After reading the text all subjects filled out an on-line questionnaire with seven items (camouflaged among many others items) measuring attitudes toward animal welfare. The questionnaire included also demographical questions, such as whether the subject keeps pets. We found that in comparison with the control group, the experimental group was significantly more concerned about animal welfare. This result indicates that literary fiction can influence attitudes toward other species. It is also worth noting that our study is characterized by a high level of ecological validity, i.e. a relatively high extent to which its results can be generalized (or extended) to real-world settings. Due to its specific design, which involved the cooperation of a bestselling author and his publisher, the study approximated the typical conditions in which people read fiction in a remarkably accurate way. Finally, our research has potential practical implications for promoting animal welfare. PMID:28006033

  12. Literary Fiction Influences Attitudes Toward Animal Welfare.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wojciech Małecki

    Full Text Available Literary fiction has been credited with considerable power to improve attitudes toward outgroups. It was even argued that it has been an important factor behind the global decline of violence against various minorities in the last centuries. Could it also help to reduce the human-inflicted suffering of animals? To test this, we studied the attitude toward animal welfare of n = 921 (experimental group people of both sexes who read a short fragment of an unpublished novel with a motif of the physical abuse of an animal. The control group (n = 912 read a fragment of a similar length but not related to animals. After reading the text all subjects filled out an on-line questionnaire with seven items (camouflaged among many others items measuring attitudes toward animal welfare. The questionnaire included also demographical questions, such as whether the subject keeps pets. We found that in comparison with the control group, the experimental group was significantly more concerned about animal welfare. This result indicates that literary fiction can influence attitudes toward other species. It is also worth noting that our study is characterized by a high level of ecological validity, i.e. a relatively high extent to which its results can be generalized (or extended to real-world settings. Due to its specific design, which involved the cooperation of a bestselling author and his publisher, the study approximated the typical conditions in which people read fiction in a remarkably accurate way. Finally, our research has potential practical implications for promoting animal welfare.

  13. Caribbean literary theory: modernist and postmodern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. James Arnold

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] The Repeating Mand: The Caribbean and the Postmodern Perspective. ANTONIO BENITEZ-ROJO. Durham NC: Duke University Press, 1992. xi + 303 pp. (Cloth US$ 49.95, Paper US$ 15.95 Myth and History in Caribbean Fiction: Alejo Carpentier, Wilson Harris, and Edouard Glissant. BARBARA J. WEBB. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1992. x + 185 pp. (Cloth US$ 25.00 Caribbean literature has been overtaken of late by the quarrels that have pitted postmodernists against modernists in Europe and North America for the past twenty years. The modernists, faced with the fragmentation of the region that hard-nosed pragmatists and empiricists could only see as hostile to the emergence of any common culture, had sought in myth and its literary derivatives the collective impulse to transcend the divisions wrought by colonial history. Fifteen years ago I wrote a book that combined in its lead title the terms Modernism and Negritude in an effort to account for the efforts by mid-century Caribbean writers to come to grips with this problem. A decade later I demonstrated that one of the principal Caribbean modernists, Aimé Césaire, late in his career adopted stylistic characteristics that we associate with the postmodern (Arnold 1990. The example of Césaire should not be taken to suggest that we are dealing with some sort of natural evolution of modernism toward the postmodern. In fact the two terms represent competing paradigms that organize concepts and data so differently as to offer quite divergent maps of the literary Caribbean.

  14. Horslips in Irish Musical and Literary Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John L. Murphy

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay examines the literary impact of a musical electric-folk band. Horslips combined psychedelic, and hard rock with Irish traditional motifs and Celtic narrative themes. Spanning the decade from 1970 to 1980, their success and decline followed the trajectory of the countercultural movement, which came late to Ireland. The band’s revival of mythic characters and historical events drawn from the Irish past attracted fans from all over the island, as well as the diaspora; many young people gained an appreciation of their Irish heritage for the first time, as Horslips became the first electric folk-rock band to fuse disparate genres, and to succeed as an Irish-based independent collective who controlled the graphics, marketing, distribution, and promotion of their music. They inspired the likes of U2 and the Irish punk and new-wave rock musicians who followed them, and without the pioneering efforts of Horslips, Irish music and culture today may never have reached its current success, three decades later.

  15. OUTSELVES Linked: Cultural Alienation in Literary Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Gewaily

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is a study of the relationship between the self and its others. It aims to reconsider the two major principles of relevance and context to present a human relationship between the art of communicative performance and the art of cognitive competence throughout some mental representations in literary performances. The article here draws attention to the three main criteria of the discourse of a work of art: ‘Make, Intend and Agree’. This set of three key terms is to be compared with the liberal art of writing in a random selection from the oeuvre of four different authors. The main question is: Is there unity in the writings of different writers? There will be reference to the selective works of a group of well-known writers: such as J.Swift, N.Mahfouz, N.Gordimer and L.Hughes. The article attempts to present how these four writers stress that the cultural alienation (betrayal is generated by the mechanical execution of legislation, and then contrasts it with the contact (moral belonging established in the intuitive understanding of right and wrong.

  16. Impoliteness in Literary Discourse: A Pragmatic Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiba Nassrullah Mohammed

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Brown and Levinson's model of politeness (1987 paved the way for linguists to explore the phenomenon of impoliteness. Meanwhile, Brown and Levinson dealt with politeness as a knotty framework applied to soften face threatening acts, other linguists including, Culpeper, Bousfield and Eelen, headed for the opposite direction of politeness. In other words, they studied the communicative situations where the speaker's purpose is to damage a hearer's face rather than softening face threatening acts. This research paper is intended to examine the opposite direction of politeness ‘impoliteness phenomenon’ in George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion (1913. Furthermore, it highlights the variation of impoliteness strategies used by characters. It is worth mentioning that the present paper is qualitative as it is dedicated to describe a certain pragmatic phenomenon, i.e., impoliteness, depending on Culpeper’s (2005 model of impoliteness, as a theoretical framework, to identify impoliteness in an advisedly chosen literary text. Consequently it is hoped to provide a deeper understanding of the fictional characters by applying a pragmatic analysis through which the characters' conversation will be examined thoroughly.

  17. Stranger than fiction: literary and clinical amnesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieguez, Sebastian; Annoni, Jean-Marie

    2013-01-01

    This chapter broadly covers literary uses of amnesia and memory disorders. Amnesia in fiction offers authors an efficient and dramatic device to tackle themes such as identity, personal liberty, or guilt. We argue against the common complaint that fictional amnesia is scientifically inaccurate, pointing out that the goals of literature are different from those of science, that amnesia is still poorly understood, and that real-life cases can sometimes be stranger than fiction. The chapter provides examples from the neuropsychological literature, media reports, mythology, historical cases, detective stories, war stories, theatrical plays, and other genres. Special attention is given to retrograde and dissociative amnesia, as these are the most frequent types of amnesia portrayed in fiction, while other types of memory disorders are more shortly treated. We argue that the predominance of disorders affecting autobiographical memory in fiction is in itself a revealing fact about the mechanisms of human memory, illustrating how fictional treatments of pathology can inform back neurological and psychological research. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  18. Identification of Literary Movements Using Complex Networks to Represent Texts

    CERN Document Server

    Amancio, Diego R; Costa, Luciano da F; 10.1088/1367-2630/14/4/043029

    2013-01-01

    The use of statistical methods to analyze large databases of text has been useful to unveil patterns of human behavior and establish historical links between cultures and languages. In this study, we identify literary movements by treating books published from 1590 to 1922 as complex networks, whose metrics were analyzed with multivariate techniques to generate six clusters of books. The latter correspond to time periods coinciding with relevant literary movements over the last 5 centuries. The most important factor contributing to the distinction between different literary styles was {the average shortest path length (particularly, the asymmetry of the distribution)}. Furthermore, over time there has been a trend toward larger average shortest path lengths, which is correlated with increased syntactic complexity, and a more uniform use of the words reflected in a smaller power-law coefficient for the distribution of word frequency. Changes in literary style were also found to be driven by opposition to earli...

  19. Gabriel Garcia Marquez; The Significant Message of His Literary Discourse

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mohammad B. Aghaei

    Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s literary discourse actually portrays the destructive domination of colonial and imperialistic powers and civil wars that led to a series of insecurities and poverty in the community...

  20. Recreating African Futures through literary imagination. The newest ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Recreating African Futures through literary imagination. The newest gender, racial, national and African identities as revealed in Mario Lúcio Sousa's O Novíssimo Testamento (The newest Testament) (Cape Verde)

  1. Special aspects of building of literary reputation in the Buryat literature in 1950–1970-ies

    OpenAIRE

    Khandarova O.

    2016-01-01

    The article analyses the literary criticism and literary articles in the literary process of Buryatia in 1950–1970-ies and reveal some sociohistorical characteristics of building of literary reputation in this period in the young soviet national literature generally and in Buryat literature specifically.

  2. Sherlock Holmes: From literary character to pop culture symbol

    OpenAIRE

    HULCOVÁ, Anna

    2013-01-01

    The bachelor thesis Sherlock Holmes: From literary character to pop culture symbol deals with the collection of sixty detective stories by Arthur Conan Doyle, the canon. The aim of the thesis is to highlight the aspects that contributed to the popularity of Sherlock Holmes and the series as such. The character of Sherlock Holmes became one of the most adapted literary characters, which is reflected in many areas of popular culture. Special attention is paid to the recent adaptations presentin...

  3. The therapeutic applicability of literaries texts for children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarice Fortkamp Caldin

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The article follows the aristotelics theory to admit the possibility that the literature perform a cure function, relief the emotions pressions. Articulate the literary with bibliotherapy, give emphasis in the reading as catharsis. Follows the same way of Freud thoughts, who presents the laugh as therapeutic, as tensions depurative. Presents, also of others ideas: identification, introjection, projection, introspection and compensation. Presents analisys of literaries texts for children and your therapeutic applicability to hospitalized children.

  4. Literary Theory and Criticism: An Unaffordable Buzzword in English Literature?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naushad Umarsharif Shaikh

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The rise of literary theory has brought in stylistic obscurity and arguments full of theoretical discourses in literary studies with creative writing being read through the lens of critical theories rooted in such diverse disciplines as philosophy, psychology, economics and linguistics causing the twin effects of a broadening of critical approaches as well as a hiatus between literary texts and theoretical perspectives so much so that some scholars like Dave Ellis and Martin Ellis have come to question the very validity of theory-informed critiques of literature. Critics are fascinated by new theories, each time they emerged breaking the shell of the former one. Failing to convince both sides, theory always faced opposition. What makes critical theory an inevitable constituent of sophisticated courses in social disciplines is the fact about language that meaning cannot be usual or fixed. Moreover, language is subject to change when received at different ends it can be received with alterations making literary interpretations far from the objective results. This article discusses how theory changed the world of literature. Further, it establishes an argument; is literary theory necessary? Or have theories become unaffordable brands in literary studies?

  5. Literary Hermeneutic - A Large Vision upon the Text

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Vorotneac

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article represents the book “Literary Hermeneutic” by Victoria Fonari, Ph.D., State University of Moldova. Hermeneutic, as a researching object, includes literary, critical, theological, juridical, linguistic, psychological, verbal and sociological knowledge. Literary Hermeneutic is one of the most favored disciplines. It is venerated both in Homeric exegesis from antiquity and in the improvement of the methodology interpretation of the canonical works, in which a vain moment is texts’ deciphering – the monuments and authors’ comment from times immemorial, thus re-establishing a part of human values. The re-establishing of the connections between the values of the past and their understanding from the present prospect is due to literary interpretation. The demands of the paradigm of the literary and artistic interpretation, constitutes a basic element which is important both for the writing of academic researches and for the literary values of understanding. It directs the student to scientific works and facilitated the professional activity of teachers, journalists, jurists and translators.

  6. The development of literary competence of future teachers-philologists: conceptual and theoretical aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Людмила Олександрівна Базиль

    2015-01-01

    The theoretical and conceptual aspects of literary competence of future teacher-philologist are described in the article. It is proved that literary competence as personal and professional phenomenon determines the success of self-affirmation of the teacher of Ukrainian language and literature. Literary competence distinguishes multi-element contents and structure, developing for active living, aimed at the comprehension of literary and artistic phenomena, literary-critical research, research...

  7. Adaptation Technique in the Translation of Literary Texts (as Exemplified in the Translation of French and English Literary Texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Полина Сергеевна Тасенко

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes some particularities of translation of literary texts from French and English into Russian as exemplified in the novel “The Lady of the Camellias” by A. Dumas and the novel “Wuthering Heights” by E. Brontë. The article examines in particular the use of the adaptation technique in order to confirm the hypothesis of the connection of this translation transformation with conveyance of the original's stylistic features. This transformation is applied in the translation of some phenomena and phrases in the original text that can barely be translated because of their national singularity, a significant time gap, or peculiarity for other culture bearers. The theoretical foundation for the article are literary style researches [Barkhudarov, 1975; Komissarov, 1990; Chaikovskij, 1997; Chukovskij, 2014; Baker, 2011], as well as researches in the field of the use of adaptation in the translation of literary texts [Alekseeva, 2004; Vlakhov, Florin, 1980; Shchetinkin, 1987; Clifford, Landers, 2001; Newmark, 1988]. The research methods used in the study are the following: relevant scientific literature analysis, statistical approach, comparative study of literary texts and their translations. A thorough analysis of the nature of adaptation enabled us to specify a range of translation transformations which allow adaptation to be applied in the reanslation of literary texts. According to the results of the research, the informative as well as the aesthetic function plays a very important role in the translation of literary texts.

  8. An Inquiry into the Challenges of Literary Translation to Improve Literary Translation Competence with Reference to an Anecdote by Heinrich von Kleist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahrizsangi, Abbas Ali Salehi; Haddadi, Mohammad Hossein

    2017-01-01

    Acquisition and improvement of literary translation competence is an important undertaking in teaching literary translation with the aim to enable the student to translate into the target language the content, expressive power, language style, and an equal function of the literary text. This essay pursues the aim of helping to create and improve…

  9. Picture Books Featuring Literary Characters with Special Needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Batič Janja

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces a selection of picture books that feature a person with special needs as the main literary character. The selection of the books to be showcased was based on three crucial aspects: the form of the (picture book, as we wanted to underline the visual importance of a literary character with special needs; the age limit of the readers the books are intended for (preschool and early primary school; and undisputable quality of the literary and artistic components of the picture books. The picture books we have selected based on the above criteria are Veveriček posebne sorte by Svetlana Makarovič and Marjan Manček, Mrožek dobi očala by Peter Svetina and Mojca Osojnik, and Zakaj je babica jezna by Lela B. Njatin and Alenka Sottler. Picture books about literary characters with special needs can help highly sensitive children accepting people that are different, while children with special needs can build a better self-image based on such books. Quality literary books which foster a positive attitude towards a character with special needs promote tolerance and can thus play an important role in the early childhood, with regard to awareness of an inclusive society.

  10. Complex network analysis of literary and scientific texts

    CERN Document Server

    Grabska-Gradzinska, Iwona; Kwapien, Jaroslaw; Drozdz, Stanislaw

    2012-01-01

    We present results from our quantitative study of statistical and network properties of literary and scientific texts written in two languages: English and Polish. We show that Polish texts are described by the Zipf law with the scaling exponent smaller than the one for the English language. We also show that the scientific texts are typically characterized by the rank-frequency plots with relatively short range of power-law behavior as compared to the literary texts. We then transform the texts into their word-adjacency network representations and find another difference between the languages. For the majority of the literary texts in both languages, the corresponding networks revealed the scale-free structure, while this was not always the case for the scientific texts. However, all the network representations of texts were hierarchical. We do not observe any qualitative and quantitative difference between the languages. However, if we look at other network statistics like the clustering coefficient and the...

  11. The critic as transvestite: the parody nature of literary criticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pruneda Sentíes

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores a path in the analysis of literary criticism as an object of study. In order to convey this, this essay attempts to define literary criticism as a genre that parodies the literary text it aspires to examine. Mikhail Bakhtin’s analysis of the novelistic discourse is useful to establish a connection between parody and criticism. Although Bakhtin discusses the novel, I ascertain that his arguments may be applied to the description of criticism as a parodic-travestying genre. Secondly, this paper discusses Linda Hutcheon’s work, which states that parody is a repetition of the original text. According to Hutcheon, this repetition implies a critical distance with the parodied text, which marks difference rather than similarity.

  12. [Eugenics, an element of the literary plots of dystopia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baum, Ewa; Musielak, Michał

    2007-01-01

    The work presents the ideas and assumptions of eugenics, a social philosophy established in 1883 by Francis Galton, which affected the social policies of numerous European countries in the first half of the 20th century. The work shows the effect of eugenics on the literary standards of European prose in the previous century. Two outstanding dystopian novels of the 20th century, The Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and 1984 by George Orwell, situate eugenics as a permanent element of the literary plot of dystopia. Apart from the typical features of this type of novel, for example: personal narration with a trace of irony, a totalitarian state and Newspeak, eugenics is an important element of the literary plot with is aim to exclude and marginalise certain social groups. Eugenics is also one of the main social ideas criticised by both the writers.

  13. Kierkegaard and the Self-Conscious Literary Tradition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Julio Hans C.

    2015-01-01

    Kierkegaard’s pseudonymous authorship is characterized by a profusion of literary techniques that belong to the tradition of the ludic or selfconscious novel (the fiction that makes its fictionality manifest). In the present contribution the self-conscious literary plays carried out by Kierkegaard...... will be interpreted from the perspective of the philosophy of the subject, since both the self-conscious novel and Kierkegaard’s production can be related to this philosophical tradition. The article is organized as follows: first appears a very brief sketch of the way in which self-conscious literature...... principle. Finally, a close reading of Either/Or intends to show how Kierkegaard develops his ideas about subjectivity in a literary frame—that of the self-conscious novel....

  14. On literary narratives, fictionality, and the rules of conversation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Buckett

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available "Writing, when properly managed (as you may be sure I thirik mine is is but a different name for conversation" - "thus Laurence Sterne in Trist Shandy ( 1767. Such statements provoke an examination of possible links between literary narratives and iinguistic models of oral communication. Recent developments in the field of pragmatics, in particular Speech Acts, Deixis and H. P.Grice's Logic and Conversation, provide concepts and structurai principles which could prove useful to literary criticism. This comment, for instance, by Roland Barthes might suggest the need to resort to the theory of deixis: Il ne peut y avoir de recit sans narratetir et sans auditeur.

  15. The horizons come: In defense of kinetic literary experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia G. Diniz

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n2p71 In this essay, I aim to reflect upon possibilities of literary experiences that are not restricted to the hermeneutic tradition and thus provide space for an affective take on literature, namely through sensorial, perceptual and emotional effects. With that in mind, I propose that poetic elucubrations based on animal consciousness could be a starting point in the configuration of a hybrid conscious state, in a somatic and kinetic imaginary, which then might broaden both the notion and the horizons of literary representation.

  16. Authorial "seal" and literary exclusivism in ancient poetry

    OpenAIRE

    Marko Marinčič

    2014-01-01

    Sphragis, “seal”, is a Greek word used by literary historians to denote an authorial “signature” included in the text, not as an informative paratext but as an intrusion of empirical reality into the literary work itself. Though the expression was never used as a technical term in classical antiquity, it was used as a metaphor by the elegiac poet Theognis of Megara, probably in the 6th century BC. Theognis’s “seal”, which purports to protect the poems from theft, change and degradation, is va...

  17. Some literary accounts of possible childhood paraplegia and neurorehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larner, A J

    2009-08-01

    To identify examples of the practice of neurorehabilitation in 19th and early 20th century NOVELS. Four case of apparent childhood paraplegia, which date from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, are described. The approaches to facilitate clinical recovery are summarized. Common themes identified in these four literary accounts include a passive approach to intervention, use of specialist input and provision of other treatments (e.g. baths, iron braces). These literary accounts may, despite all their acknowledged shortcomings, give some insights into contemporary lay concepts of neurorehabilitation.

  18. PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION OF MOUNTAIN CHILDREN IN OLENA TSEHELSKA’S LITERARY WORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olha Horetska

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the literary works of a teacher, children’s writer, public figure of Western Ukraine – Olena Tsehelska. It aims to study the system of national-patriotic, moral, religious, labor upbringing of mountain children at the end of XIX – the first third of the XX centuries. It was at this time when revived searches for a new curriculum, new methods and forms of education, laying the foundations of the national-patriotic, civic education of Ukrainian youth. The author stresses that one of the important factors of national education of youth has always been fiction, particularly national bulleted text, which are literary works written by Oelena Tsehelska. In fairy tales, short stories, novels the writer finds out about these family values that have traditionally been famous for residents of mountainous terrain, as a community of spiritual interests, harmony of relationships between representatives of different generations, caring for parents and elderly people in the family, respect for ancestors, family harmony, respect for folk traditions, faith in God that helped to survive in difficult circumstances of war periods, forced relocation to a foreign country. Little heroes from works of Oelena Tsehelska possess such traits as civic consciousness, patriotism, devotion to the interests of the people, the capacity for self-sacrifice, compassion for the poor, love of neighbor. Works written be this writer is an important factor in the preservation of folk traditions, enriching current young generation with them what becomes important in the development of civil society in Ukraine

  19. A Model for Teaching Literary Analysis Using Systemic Functional Grammar

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCrocklin, Shannon; Slater, Tammy

    2017-01-01

    This article introduces an approach that middle-school teachers can follow to help their students carry out linguistic-based literary analyses. As an example, it draws on Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG) to show how J.K. Rowling used language to characterize Hermione as an intelligent female in "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows."…

  20. genesis 35:8 in the literary and theological context

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, the analysis of the verse in its literary and theological context in this article shows .... Jacob Cycle (Gen. 25:12-35:29). The seemingly disparate materials in the chapter serve as closure to the Jacob narrative and relate to Jacob's final ... Rebekah was overlooked7 point to something extraordinary about this life?

  1. Figurative Expressions, a Spice of Literary Creativity: Echoes From ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There is no gainsaying the fact that figurative expressions are important in creative works of art. It is little wonder that literary writers employ these very significant expressions to articulate their ideas in special ways to give particular emphasis or sentiments which they use to communicate so as to beautify and spice up a ...

  2. Andalusī Vestiges in the Ethiopian Islamic Literary Tradition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hernandez-Lopez, Adday

    2017-01-01

    This contribution constitutes my first approach to the material that has been gathered to date within the research project “Islam in the Horn of Africa: A Comparative Literary Approach” in which I am currently engaged. The analysis of the manuscripts comprising the corpus has put several traces o...

  3. Wikipedia in Promoting Science Literary Skills in Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menon, Sunitha; Alias, Norlidah; DeWitt, Dorothy

    2014-01-01

    In learning Science, online environments allowing for user generated content are becoming increasingly important since they offer possibilities for learners to elaborate on assignments and projects. This study investigates how Wikipedia can serve as a means for enhancing science literary skills when students are encouraged to participate in…

  4. Application of Freudian Concepts to the Explication of Literary Texts ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    The chief function of the psychoanalytic critic is to reveal the true content, and thus to explain the effect on the reader of a literary ... personality of the individual author. Afrian Research Review Vol. 3 (1), 2009. ..... The opening word in The Sleepers is the pronoun of the self which announced the subject matter of the poem in ...

  5. The end of universality: new collectivities in current literary studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald Greene

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The author investigates how the literary studies reacted to the conceptual crises of universalism, especially after WWII. In order to replace a concept that refers to the ability of a literary work to transcend time and space, literary studies should focus on different and specific collectivities that, situated in time and space, read and interpret literary works. The author makes use of the concept of the obverse, in which two poems, from different historical moments and intellectual traditions are compared based on a common social-historical problem they are trying to solve.    O autor investiga sobre como os estudos literários reagiram à crise do conceito de universalismo, sobretudo depois da II Guerra Mundial. Para substituir um conceito que se refere à capacidade de uma obra literária transcender tempo e espaço, os estudos literários deveriam indagar sobre as diferentes coletividades específicas, no tempo e no espaço, que leem e dão significado à obra literária. Para isso, o autor se utiliza do conceito de “obverso”, em que dois poemas, de épocas e tradições intelectuais diferentes, são comparados a partir de um problema sócio-histórico que tentam resolver.      This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  6. Literary Genres in Poetic Texts from the Dead Sea Scrolls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickut, William Douglas

    2017-01-01

    Among the texts of the Dead Sea Scrolls, there are four literary compositions that bear the superscriptional designations shir and mizmor. These designations correspond directly to superscriptional designations provided many times in both the now-canonical Psalter and the various witnesses to those texts unearthed at Qumran. On its face, this fact…

  7. Walking through the Revolution: A Spatial Reading of Literary Echoes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Queiroz, Ana Isabel; Alves, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an embryo of a literary guide on the Carnation Revolution to be explored for educational historical excursions other than leisure and tourism. We propose a historical trail through the centre of Lisbon, city of the Carnation Revolution, called "Walk through the Revolution." The trail aims to reinforce collective…

  8. Structuralism as a Literary Theory: An Overview | Sanusi | AFRREV ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The 20th century is characterized by the proliferation of ideas. The ideas so developed and harnessed permeated all fields of human endeavor from epistemology, metaphysics and logic. Every field has registered one form of breakthrough or another. In literature, many literary theories are developed and become the ...

  9. Recreating African Futures through literary imagination. The newest ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AFRICAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW VOL 19 1 2015. Recreating African Futures through literary imagination. The newest gender, racial, national and African identities as revealed in. Mario Lúcio Sousa's O Novíssimo Testamento. (The newest Testament) (Cape Verde). Catarina Martins. Institution: Center for Social Studies ...

  10. Ecological economics and literary communication: Axes of discourse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... a reading of Ifeanyi Izuka's Travails of the Black Gold (Black Gold) from the ambience of literary communication in order to examine the encoding stratagems contrived in the fictional narrative to convey causal chains of economics and ecology as informational content compatible with material practices in material worlds.

  11. Linguistic errors in selected recommended literary texts in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    English Language is a crucial aspect of Nigerias educational system, being a compulsory subject and the basic medium of instruction for all school subjects. ln the light of the fact that literary texts are among the best means of teaching language (English communicative competence), the paper identifies deviant linguistic ...

  12. Institutional recognition in the transnational literary field, 1955-2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.N.M. Verboord (Marc); G. Kuipers (Giselinde); M.S.S.E. Janssen (Susanne)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstact__ Contributing to research on social processes of cultural de-hierarchization, this article explores how critical recognition in elite newspapers is related to the recognition that authors receive from other agents in the literary field in the past half-century. We

  13. Write it right a little blacklist of literary faults

    CERN Document Server

    Bierce, Ambrose

    2014-01-01

    American satirist and critic Ambrose Bierce may be best remembered for his caustic wit, but he was also a first-rate prose stylist who put a lot of effort into shaping the next generation of journalists and writers. Write it Right is Bierce's tough-love compendium of unforgivable literary sins.

  14. Nicander of Colophon’s Theriaca: A Literary Commentary

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Overduin, F.

    2015-01-01

    In this book Floris Overduin highlights the artistic merits of Nicander’s Theriaca (2nd century BCE), a Hellenistic didactic poem on snakes and curative herbs. The commentary, preceded by an extensive introduction, aims to show Nicander’s literary, rather than scientific aims.

  15. The literary text as the object of conceptual analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Юлия Александровна Карасёва

    2011-01-01

    The article is devoted to the study of the conceptual space of the literary text as a source of linguistic and cultural information. It deals with some types of national-specific concepts, that form the sphere of concepts of the national language.

  16. Scholarly Appraisals of Literary Works Taught in High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunning, Stephen, Ed.; Sams, Henry W., Ed.

    Critical essays on eight literary works--four from the conventional literature curriculum and four less widely taught--are collected in this publication. Each o f the four standard selections--"Great Expectations,""Julius Caesar,""The Scarlet Letter," and "Macbeth"--is treated in two essays and a bibliography; and each of the less widely taught…

  17. Attitudes towards Literary Tamil and Standard Spoken Tamil in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saravanan, Vanithamani

    2007-01-01

    This is the first empirical study that focused on attitudes towards two varieties of Tamil, Literary Tamil (LT) and Standard Spoken Tamil (SST), with the multilingual state of Singapore as the backdrop. The attitudes of 46 Singapore Tamil teachers towards speakers of LT and SST were investigated using the matched-guise approach along with…

  18. The National English Literary Museum (NELM): a case study in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Examining one African museum, the author demonstrates that the preservation of archives in Africa is not a lost cause. Foreign purchasing forays impelled the need for NELM. Foresight, determination and persuasion have ensured significant donations of local literary documents, supplemented by books, journals, ...

  19. Computer-Graphics and the Literary Construct: A Learning Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Avril

    2002-01-01

    Describes an undergraduate student module that was developed at the University of Exeter (United Kingdom) in which students made their own computer graphics to discover and to describe literary structures in texts of their choice. Discusses learning outcomes and refers to the Web site that shows students' course work. (Author/LRW)

  20. Literary Origins of the Term "School Psychologist" Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagan, Thomas K.

    2005-01-01

    Previous research on the literary origins of the term "school psychologist" is revisited, and conclusions are revised in light of new evidence. It appears that the origin of the term in the American literature occurred as early as 1898 in an article by Hugo Munsterberg, predating the usage by Wilhelm Stern in 1911. The early references to the…

  1. Literary Metaphors and Other Linguistic Innovations in Computer Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsen, Kelvin Don; Nilsen, Alleen Pace

    1995-01-01

    Suggests that by analyzing the slang and the modifications of English used on computers today, teachers and students stand to learn more about standard English. Examines the literary origins from which many computer words are taken. Explains alternate spellings, acronyms, metaphors, and use of brand names. (TB)

  2. A Programmed Course in Modern Literary Arabic Phonology and Script.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarus, Ernest; Rammuny, Raji

    This course is designed to teach the non-Arabic speaker to read printed Arabic, to write Arabic with "a pleasing hand," to distinguish accurately the phonological contrasts of modern literary Arabic, and to pronounce it in a manner easily comprehensible to Arabs. Dialogs and proverbs are included for reading practice; grammatical…

  3. Le journal litteraire: une decouverte (The Literary Journal: A Discovery).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelletier, Christine

    1999-01-01

    To encourage the students in her French class to read books in French, a teacher implemented a project involving literary journals. Students recorded their reflections on their reading, first of a novel chosen by the teacher, then of individually chosen novels. Appropriate evaluation of the journals posed a particular dilemma. (JLR)

  4. Fibrin sealant in general surgery. Personal experience and literary review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gubitosi, Adelmo; Ruggiero, Roberto; Docimo, Giovanni; Esposito, Alessandro

    2014-01-01

    In consideration of the use of fibrin glue in a general surgery department, authors analyze their last two years series. Operations on liver and biliary ducts, bowel and proctologic surgery, thyroid and breast surgery, abdominal wall hernias, fistulas and difficult wounds are considered with a literary review on fibrin sealant.

  5. In praise of the literary eponym--Henry V sign.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Shanahan, F

    2013-01-01

    The use of eponyms in medicine is often discouraged. However, the literary eponym should be an exception as it is not linked with many of the difficulties associated with conventional eponyms and offers descriptive brevity and accuracy. Here, we illustrate the point with Henry V sign, which will be familiar to many who have cared for patients in the terminal stage of illness.

  6. The literary text as a testament of social disparagement: Esiaba ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Since the days of Aristophanes in classical Greek drama, the judgmental role of drama has been established. The dramatic medium has been appropriated to seek several truths and its function as an instrument of social criticism is well founded. It is against this backdrop that this paper uses the literary drama to assess ...

  7. 92 A Literary Discourse of Nigerian Children's Accretive Songs (Pp ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    Limiting itself to Ibibio and. Yoruba Children's playlore, as arche types, this paper attempts an analysis of some Children's accretive songs providing refreshing insights into the genre and highlighting their socio-cultural values, religious implications; language and literary relevance. In this regard the present article points to ...

  8. The semiotics of typography in literary texts. A multimodal approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Nina

    2009-01-01

    This article explores from a multimodal perspective the extent to which the visual aspect of printed verbal language is meaning-making in its own right, and how it interacts with other modes of meaning in a complex process of semiosis. To this end, the article deploys and examines the approach...... of the semiotic potential of typography in literary texts....

  9. Classification and Criticism of Nigeria Literary Drama | Iwuchukwu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigerian drama has gained prominent and permanent position on the world literary map especially with the winning of the Nobel Prize by Wole Soyinka. In spite of this, problems of definition and criticism of Nigerian drama still persists. The Relativist-Evolution controversies on the origin and classification of Nigerian drama ...

  10. Activist Literacies: Validating Aboriginality through Visual and Literary Identity Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montero, M. Kristiina; Bice-Zaugg, Cassandra; Marsh, Makwa Oshkwenh-Adam Cyril John; Cummins, Jim

    2013-01-01

    Framed at the intersection of activist and Indigenous research methodologies, this article explores the way two First Nations senior high school students made sense of their visual and literary identity texts (Cummins & Early, 2011). An Ojibwe artist-in-residence at an urban secondary school in southwestern Ontario and a university-based…

  11. Osofisan and the paradox of a literary style | Efakponana | Creative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In order to understand trends and developments on the Nigerian stage, the literary dramatist is considered a determinant of its future advancement. Theatre as a composite art possesses the ability to relate to other cultures, traditions and fields of learning, reaching out and unifying them dynamically. This paper examines ...

  12. Love of poetry and literary creation in Turgenev's 'First love'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Haard, E.

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses poetic insertions and literary references in Turgenev's 'First Love' (1860). Dependent on variable temporal and evaluative points of view, they function as means of characterization, as indices of a mentality of the past (the Romantic 1830s), and as allusions and potential

  13. Social Science and Literary Criticism: What is at stake? | Rohrbaugh ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    disciplines are being born that all too often leave specialists isolated from each other. While at some points the various methods complement each other, at others they remain contradictory or mutually exclusive. Two of the newer such methods, literary ...

  14. “Journeys are Meaningful” (Travelling, Travellers, Literary Periods, Literary Journeys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fried István

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available If the changes of the “discourse networks” (Aufschreibesysteme from 1800 to 1900 model the relations pertaining to the personality, to the cultural determinedness of technology and personality as well as to their interconnections (Kittler 1995, especially having in view the literary mise en scène, it applies all the more to travelling - setting out on a journey, heading towards a destination, pilgrimage and/or wandering as well as the relationship between transport technology and personality. The changes taking place in “transport” are partly of technological, partly (in close connection with the former indicative of individual and collective claims. The diplomatic, religious, commercial and educational journeys essentially belong to the continuous processes of European centuries; however, the appearance of the railway starts a new era at least to the same extent as the car and the airplane in the twentieth century. The journeys becoming systematic and perhaps most tightly connected to pilgrimages from the Middle Ages on assured the “transfer” of ideas, attitudes and cultural materials in the widest sense; the journeys and personal encounters (of course, taking place, in part, through correspondence of the more cultured layers mainly, are to be highly appreciated from the viewpoint of the history of mentalities and society.

  15. At the intersection of risk: when literary journalism and sociology study urban problems by means of akin methodologies

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Isabel Soares

    2017-01-01

    .... To establish the connection between literary journalism and sociology, we focus on the influence early literary journalists had on the sociological/imagological and narrative construction of social...

  16. The Use of "Literary Fiction" to Promote Mentalizing Ability.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Chiara Pino

    Full Text Available Empathy is a multidimensional process that incorporates both mentalizing and emotional sharing dimensions. Empathic competencies are important for creating interpersonal relationships with other people and developing adequate social behaviour. The lack of these social components also leads to isolation and exclusion in healthy populations. However, few studies have investigated how to improve these social skills. In a recent study, Kidd and Castano (2013 found that reading literary fiction increases mentalizing ability and may change how people think about other people's emotions and mental states. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of reading literary fiction, compared to nonfiction and science fiction, on empathic abilities. Compared to previous studies, we used a larger variety of empathy measures and utilized a pre and post-test design. In all, 214 healthy participants were randomly assigned to read a book representative of one of three literary genres (literary fiction, nonfiction, science fiction. Participants were assessed before and after the reading phase using mentalizing and emotional sharing tests, according to Zaki and Ochsner' s (2012 model. Comparisons of sociodemographic, mentalizing, and emotional sharing variables across conditions were conducted using ANOVA. Our results showed that after the reading phase, the literary fiction group showed improvement in mentalizing abilities, but there was no discernible effect on emotional sharing abilities. Our study showed that the reading processes can promote mentalizing abilities. These results may set important goals for future low-cost rehabilitation protocols for several disorders in which the mentalizing deficit is considered central to the disease, such as Autism Spectrum Disorders and Schizophrenia.

  17. The Use of "Literary Fiction" to Promote Mentalizing Ability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pino, Maria Chiara; Mazza, Monica

    2016-01-01

    Empathy is a multidimensional process that incorporates both mentalizing and emotional sharing dimensions. Empathic competencies are important for creating interpersonal relationships with other people and developing adequate social behaviour. The lack of these social components also leads to isolation and exclusion in healthy populations. However, few studies have investigated how to improve these social skills. In a recent study, Kidd and Castano (2013) found that reading literary fiction increases mentalizing ability and may change how people think about other people's emotions and mental states. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of reading literary fiction, compared to nonfiction and science fiction, on empathic abilities. Compared to previous studies, we used a larger variety of empathy measures and utilized a pre and post-test design. In all, 214 healthy participants were randomly assigned to read a book representative of one of three literary genres (literary fiction, nonfiction, science fiction). Participants were assessed before and after the reading phase using mentalizing and emotional sharing tests, according to Zaki and Ochsner' s (2012) model. Comparisons of sociodemographic, mentalizing, and emotional sharing variables across conditions were conducted using ANOVA. Our results showed that after the reading phase, the literary fiction group showed improvement in mentalizing abilities, but there was no discernible effect on emotional sharing abilities. Our study showed that the reading processes can promote mentalizing abilities. These results may set important goals for future low-cost rehabilitation protocols for several disorders in which the mentalizing deficit is considered central to the disease, such as Autism Spectrum Disorders and Schizophrenia.

  18. Deconstruction Literary Theory and a Creative Reading of "The Great Gatsby."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennis, Deborah; Trotman, Charlene C.

    Through the mid-1980s, resistance to contemporary literary theory (especially Jacques Derrida's philosophy of deconstruction) took the form of a bitter debate that enlivened literary journals and Modern Language Association meetings. The debate continues even today, with traditional literary critics rejecting deconstruction as nihilistic and…

  19. Database in Theory and Practice: The Bibliography of Irish Literary Criticism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Sonia

    2013-01-01

    Focusing on "The Bibliography of Irish Literary Criticism" (BILC, 2010), a bibliographical database of Irish literary criticism developed by humanities and information and communications technology (ICT) researchers in NUI Maynooth, this chapter investigates the opportunities and implications afforded the field of Irish literary studies…

  20. The role of literary theory in teaching and learning of French ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Literary theory is the apex of literary studies. We have various theoretical subdivisions of the literary theory that facilitate the teaching and learning of literature. For example, the university theory, socialism, modernism, feminism, existentialism, naturalism, romanticism, feminism, absurdity, etc. It is a truism that we have ...

  1. The Problems of the Literary-historical Classification of Kafka's Texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateja Clara Jelenčič

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Attempts at the literary classification of Kafka's texts often prove to be problematic. Most authors are at a loss, so they propose more than classification. The problem of the literary classification of Kafka's texts is treated only in a few German literary encyclopedias and in interpretations and analyses of his texts. In the interpretations and literary analyses Kafka is mostly classified as a Modernist, but some authors see him as a Postmodernist. Most German literary historians and encyclopedia writers are caught in a dilemma about this subject and so propose more than one literary classification: Kafka is assigned to Expressionism and also proclaimed as a representative of the Existentialism, Surrealism or Magic realism. However most German literary historians often assign Kafka to the Expressionism on historical grounds.

  2. Literary Criticism Fiction: the Wacław Borowy–Manfred Kridl polemic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maciej Gorczyński

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper The Fictions of Literary Criticism refers to a polemic between Manfred Kridl and Waclaw Borowy which was conducted in several articles published in the years 1936–1957. The polemic played a significant role in the development of modern Polish literary criticism. The matter of dispute was a new method of literary criticism announced by Kridl in his renowned Introduction to the Research of Literary Work (1936. The main topics of the discussion were the problems of the literary process, the evaluation of a literary work and the uses of scientific methods in humanities. The paper’s author pays attention especially to the rhetorical and literary means of argumentation which were used in the creation of this unusual form of non-fiction.

  3. Romance and Irony: Archetypal Antagonists and Literary Narratives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid M. Easa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on Robert Foulke and Paul Smith’s view of literary narratives in their An Anatomy of Literature, this paper explores how narrative irony intrudes on narrative romance. The purpose is to show how, from an archetypal perspective, narrative irony subverts the components of romance by exercising a blurring effect on the traditional romantic aspects such as the quest, the world of values and triumphant recovery. Foulke and Smith argue that these two narrative function most by implication rather than in a straight foreword fashion: “The narrative pattern is not identical with the observable features of the text but is implicit in them” (p. 3. This paper examines one prime literary example to illustrate the archetypal nature of narrative romance and irony. Additionally, it demonstrates, by exploring three short stories, from Joyce, Hawthorne and Welty, how narrative irony mocks narrative romance by mimicking its constituents.

  4. The (reshaping of South Park's humor through literary references

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pajović Stefan P.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the complex relationship between a lauded American animated sitcom South Park on the one side, and literature, especially satire, on the other side. Upon asserting the bond between literature and popular culture, numerous references presented in the show are pointed out, namely the stance the authors take on literature and the act of reading, the types and subtypes of humor exhibited, and topicality. Finally, using the writing of Mikhail Bakhtin, South Park itself is treated as literature as its type of humor is a continuation of an age-old literary tradition of laughter. The conclusion asserts this as it is revealed that South Park owes much of its popularity to the literary aspect of the humor exhibited in the show.

  5. What can psychoanalysts learn from the development of literary theory?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chessick, Richard D

    2005-01-01

    It is no accident that literary theorists and academicians have become very interested in psychoanalysis. There is a remarkable parallel between the development of literary theory from its origins to the present day and the development of psychoanalysis from the time of Freud to now. The same concerns that have troubled critics of art and literature about how to go about evaluating an artwork are the ones most controversial today in the field of psychoanalysis. The questions, for example, of whether beauty resides in the work of art or in the mind of the audience and its parallel in psychoanalysis, whether the material produced by the patient is essentially from the patient or the product of an interaction between patient and analyst, or even whether it is ever possible to interpret any patient material or artwork all the way down to some basic qualities remain unanswered and polemical today.

  6. Literary journalism : the intersection of literature and journalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja Merljak Zdovc

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Literary journalism is a style of newspaper and magazine writing that developed as a reaction against facto graphic and objective journalism. Rather than answering the informational who, what, when, or where, it depicts moments in time. It has also managed to eschew the formula of newspaper feature writing, with its predictability and cliches. Instead, it appointed the techniques of realistic  fiction to portray daily life. The author of this paper attempts to present the genre that belongs at the same time to literature and journalism; it combines the best of both practices in order to give the reader the most vivid and accurate picture of society. The author of this paper also attempts to present literary journalism as it exists in Slovenia.

  7. Features of Gibranian Utopia in his Literary Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Features of Gibranian Utopia in his Literary Works    Sardar Aslani *    Abstract  Every thinker and man of letters who pursues a goal in his or her works has a utopia. After introducing utopia by Plato, Farabi and St. Augustine, Gibran Khalil Gibran established the foundations of his own particular utopia. The features of his utopia are as follows: 1 freedom 2 kindness 3 justice 4 undue inclination towards knowing the world 5 innovative moral and human qualities and 6 the idea of eternality. The present paper attempts to elaborate on the characteristics of Gibranian Utopia in his literary works.     Key words: Gibranian utopia, human and moral values, North Mahjar literature, Messenger of letter  * Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic Language and Literature, University of IsfahanE-mail: Aslani@fgn.ui.ac.ir

  8. Literary text reading and conversation: beyond ethnomethodology boundaries

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    Viviana Suárez Galvis

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article leaves aside ethnomethodological approaches to conversation, and aims at opening the debate about the need of conceiving it under the light of pedagogical principles that position it as a propitious discursive gender to express the emotional, aesthetics, thoughtful, and intellectual meetings embodied while reading literary texts. Such interest arose from a research centered on finding the existing relationships between conversation and construction of aesthetical-literary experiences. The results show that students get a pleasant feeling when giving sense to what they read, and this encourages them to share with others their significant experiences when reading, allowing the internal process of meaning construction and the dialogic strengthening of the experiences to be connected.

  9. Thinking extreme social violence: the model of the literary plague.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priel, Beatriz

    2007-12-01

    The author uses literary plagues as a model for thinking psychoanalytically about the basic anxieties activated among perpetrators of sanctioned massacres. The model of the plague allows abstracting an underlying primitive psychological organization characterized by syncretism and a powerful anxiety of de-differentiation and confusion, leading characteristically to imitative behavior within the in-group as well as to the disavowal of the out-group members similarities to oneself, i.e. the disavowal of the other's humanity. Recognizing the historical and social foundations of discrimination and genocide, the author analyzes the interaction between group and individual processes that allow ordinary people to join daily acts of immoral violence. She dramatizes the model of the plague through a psychoanalytic reading of three literary plagues: Thebes' plague according to Sophocles, Camus's chronicle of the plague in Oran, and Saramago's meditation on the plague of white blindness.

  10. A semantic analysis of dual voice in a literary style

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    Ștefan Oltean

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes an account of dual voice in free indirect discourse (FID, a point-of-view narrative style used mainly in literary narrative for the representation of verbal events, and of verbal or non-verbal mental events (see Oltean, 1993. First, it sums up in a nutshell the issue of what constitutes FID, without dealing in detail with what distinguishes it from “normal” indirect discourse and direct discourse (see, for this matter, Ehrlich, 1990; McHale, 1978; Oltean, 1993. Next, it addresses the issue of dual voice associated with this discourse mode, after which it gives an outline of the analytical framework. Finally, it provides a description for an FID sentence selected from English literary prose, with a view to furnishing evidence for its dual nature.

  11. A canonical-literary reading of Lamentations 5

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    Shinman Kang

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a canonical and literary reading of Lamentations 5 in the context of the book of Lamentations as a whole. Following the approach by Vanhoozer (1998, 2002 based on speech-act theory, the meaning of Scripture is sought at canonical level, supervening the basic literary level. In Lamentations, as polyphonic poetic text, the speaking voices form a very important key for the interpretation of the text. In the polyphonic text of Lamentations, the shifting of the speaking voices occurs between Lamentations 1 and 4. Lamentations 5 is monologic. The theories of Bakhtin (1984 are also used to understand the book of Lamentations. In this book, chapter 5 forms the climax where Jerusalem cries to God. We cannot, however, find God’s answer to this call in Lamentations; we can find it only within the broader text of the Christian canon.

  12. Literary Commitment in Bessie Head’s Maru

    OpenAIRE

    Elizabeth A. Odhiambo; Dr. Jack Ogembo; Dr. Kitche Magak

    2013-01-01

    This was a study of Bessie Head’s literary commitment. The objective of the study was to interrogate the extent to which the writer is committed as a woman and as a Third World person based on the text Maru. The study adopted the analytical research design. The data collected through content analysis was coded according to thematic concerns, stylistic choices, the mode of characterization and vision of the author. The postcolonial theory was employed in the reading analysis and interpretation...

  13. Variation of word frequencies in Russian literary texts

    OpenAIRE

    Kargin, Vladislav

    2015-01-01

    We study the variation of word frequencies in Russian literary texts. Our findings indicate that the standard deviation of a word's frequency across texts depends on its average frequency according to a power law with exponent $0.62,$ showing that the rarer words have a relatively larger degree of frequency volatility (i.e., "burstiness"). Several latent factors models have been estimated to investigate the structure of the word frequency distribution. The dependence of a word's frequency vol...

  14. Some aspects of gender inequality in selected African literary texts

    OpenAIRE

    L.L. Kwatsha

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on gender inequalities in selected African literary texts. I explore the way in which some African writers view gender inequalities and stereotypes in their characters. We will also be able to see who is involved and affected by these gender inequalities and how. Gender theory will be used as a framework. The aspects of gender that are discussed, include gender stereotypes, gender roles, gender identity, the superiority of men, inequality in polygamous marriages, sex role...

  15. The Migration of Literary Ideas: The Problem of Romanian Symbolism

    OpenAIRE

    Cosmina Andreea Roșu

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT: The migration of symbolists’ ideas in Romanian literary field during the 1900’s occurs mostly due to poets. One of the symbolist poets influenced by the French literature (the core of the Symbolism) and its representatives is Dimitrie Anghel. He manages symbols throughout his entire writings, both in poetry and in prose, as a masterpiece. His vivid imagination and fantasy reinterpret symbols from a specific Romanian point of view. His approach of symbolist ideas emerges from his tra...

  16. Literary education. Children and young adults’ literature. A multicultural proposal.

    OpenAIRE

    Rechou, Blanca-Ana Roig; Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

    2012-01-01

    It is adresses the consideration of literary education and its objectives; the importance of knowing each own country’s Children and Young Adults’ Histories, the canonized works from Universal Literature, repertoire and sectorial studies which educate mediators in order to create the convenient canons to promote reading. They are offered the commentaries on two Galician Children and Young Adults’ Literature works aimed towards multicultural education. Se aborda la importancia de conocer la...

  17. Stories Not Easily Told: Reclaiming the Literary Spinster

    OpenAIRE

    Monsen, Ylva

    2017-01-01

    This thesis is an exploration of the literary figure of the spinster. The spinster character has historically occupied marginalised roles, consistently defined by negative characteristics. This thesis links this representation in literature to sociohistorical circumstances in order to explore how ideologies of gender and sexuality have affected the portrayal of the spinster. The spinster term itself is essential to the thesis, as it will be argued to be the best term to describe women standin...

  18. Complex Network Analysis of Literary and Scientific Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grabska-Gradzińska, Iwona; Kulig, Andrzej; Kwapień, Jarosław; Drożdż, Stanisław

    2012-07-01

    We present results from our quantitative study of statistical and network properties of literary and scientific texts written in two languages: English and Polish. We show that Polish texts are described by the Zipf law with the scaling exponent smaller than the one for the English language. We also show that the scientific texts are typically characterized by the rank-frequency plots with relatively short range of power-law behavior as compared to the literary texts. We then transform the texts into their word-adjacency network representations and find another difference between the languages. For the majority of the literary texts in both languages, the corresponding networks revealed the scale-free structure, while this was not always the case for the scientific texts. However, all the network representations of texts were hierarchical. We do not observe any qualitative and quantitative difference between the languages. However, if we look at other network statistics like the clustering coefficient and the average shortest path length, the English texts occur to possess more clustered structure than do the Polish ones. This result was attributed to differences in grammar of both languages, which was also indicated in the Zipf plots. All the texts, however, show network structure that differs from any of the Watts-Strögatz, the Barabási-Albert, and the Erdös-Rényi architectures.

  19. The rhetoric of media and literary forms: Antonio Delfini

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    Paolo Gervasi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper aimed at showing the cognitive impact of the conceptual and perceptual organization of media on literary forms.On the one hand, McLuhan stated that the medium is a metaphor, as long as it shifts information across different conceptual domains. On the other hand, cognitive theories argued that the metaphor is a strategy of conceptualization of the experience. Mediology, cognitive poetics and literary criticism can cooperate in order to describe the conceptual metaphors conveyed by the media, and the way they interact with the literature in the deeply interconnected semiotic context of the XXth Century.Antonio Delfini’s writings and composition strategies reveal the hybridization produced by the contact between the rhetoric and the conceptual organization of literary texts, and the formal organization of the media. In Delfini’s work, the process of hybridization is realized by reusing textual fragments produced by media. Such an hybridization also consists in a wider phenomenon of exchange between the cognitive schemas produced by media, and the very idea of literature practiced by the author. Delfini, indeed, conceives the structures of newspapers and journals as a conceptual model for making sense of reality. 

  20. Narrativity and enaction: the social nature of literary narrative understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova, Yanna B.

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes an understanding of literary narrative as a form of social cognition and situates the study of such narratives in relation to the new comprehensive approach to human cognition, enaction. The particular form of enactive cognition that narrative understanding is proposed to depend on is that of participatory sense-making, as developed in the work of Di Paolo and De Jaegher. Currently there is no consensus as to what makes a good literary narrative, how it is understood, and why it plays such an irreplaceable role in human experience. The proposal thus identifies a gap in the existing research on narrative by describing narrative as a form of intersubjective process of sense-making between two agents, a teller and a reader. It argues that making sense of narrative literature is an interactional process of co-constructing a story-world with a narrator. Such an understanding of narrative makes a decisive break with both text-centered approaches that have dominated both structuralist and early cognitivist study of narrative, as well as pragmatic communicative ones that view narrative as a form of linguistic implicature. The interactive experience that narrative affords and necessitates at the same time, I argue, serves to highlight the active yet cooperative and communal nature of human sociality, expressed in the many forms than human beings interact in, including literary ones. PMID:25202286

  1. Two Centuries of Literary Competition between Iran and the Subcontinent

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    سعید شفیعیون

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Safavid period is one of the most important historical periods of old Iran with regard to foreign relations. Among these, cultural and political relations with India are outstanding due to historical and mostly peaceful backgrounds, especially in the field of Persian language and literature. The influence of Persian literature on India was so much that this country became not only a rich and fruitful place for Iranian poets and literary figures, it also became the origin of another type of Persian literature. Although Iranian poets and literary figures, due to access to innate resources of this language and culture, were considered as the model, the attempts of cultural figures of the Subcontinent had local color and were different from Iranian linguistic and cultural criteria and norms. Because of this, there were a lot of critical controversies over the correctness and eloquence of literary works of Persian speakers of India. Iranians accussed them of doing unfounded innovations and linguistic experiences and these people, instead, claimed that they had the right to do so on the basis of certain reasons.

  2. Havelock Ellis's literary criticism, canon formation, and the heterosexual Shakespeare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radel, Nicholas F

    2009-01-01

    Famous as the author of an early full-length scientific study of sexual inversion or homosexuality, English sexologist Havelock Ellis was also a literary critic responsible for initiating publication of the famous Mermaid Series of "The Best of Plays of the Old Dramatists" in the late-nineteenth century. Personally editing the first volume of plays by Christopher Marlowe and a later collection by tragedian John Ford, Ellis associated these playwrights here and in his scientific work, Sexual Inversion, with ideas about normative and so-called abnormal sexualities at the start of the twentieth century. Ellis, thus, helped give expression to a literary canon of early English dramatists in which modern, anachronistic ideas about sexual subjectivity play a part. While this article does not claim that Ellis was the necessary source for later criticism, it shows how, over the whole of the twentieth century, Shakespeare's priority in the literary canon came to be posited at least in part on his apparent sexual normality in contrast with a supposedly homosexual Christopher Marlowe and other playwrights such as Ford or Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher associated with varying degrees of sexual difference.

  3. Narrativity and enaction: the social nature of literary narrative understanding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova, Yanna B

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes an understanding of literary narrative as a form of social cognition and situates the study of such narratives in relation to the new comprehensive approach to human cognition, enaction. The particular form of enactive cognition that narrative understanding is proposed to depend on is that of participatory sense-making, as developed in the work of Di Paolo and De Jaegher. Currently there is no consensus as to what makes a good literary narrative, how it is understood, and why it plays such an irreplaceable role in human experience. The proposal thus identifies a gap in the existing research on narrative by describing narrative as a form of intersubjective process of sense-making between two agents, a teller and a reader. It argues that making sense of narrative literature is an interactional process of co-constructing a story-world with a narrator. Such an understanding of narrative makes a decisive break with both text-centered approaches that have dominated both structuralist and early cognitivist study of narrative, as well as pragmatic communicative ones that view narrative as a form of linguistic implicature. The interactive experience that narrative affords and necessitates at the same time, I argue, serves to highlight the active yet cooperative and communal nature of human sociality, expressed in the many forms than human beings interact in, including literary ones.

  4. Otolaryngology and Irish literature: an important medico-literary alliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cashman, Emma C

    2010-12-01

    For a comparatively small island, Ireland has made a disproportionately large contribution to world literature in all its aspects. The literary lineage of those who pursue medicine and also write is long and well established. The Irish contribution to world literature in all its aspects is well documented. Less explored, however, is the prominent influence of Dublin-based otolaryngologists in the Irish literary movement at the turn of the last century. Here, we examine two such figures, Sir William Wilde and Oliver St. John Gogarty, and their pivotal roles both professionally and in establishing Ireland on the world's literary stage. During the early part of the 1800s, otology was perceived as a defunct subspecialty that could be adequately managed, without much expertise, in the primary care setting. It was through the efforts of William Wilde and others that otology gained clinical and scientific credence during the latter half of the 19th century. Copyright © 2010 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Year 10 English: Australian Texts and the Battle for Survival

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson,, Alison

    2012-01-01

    The texts and classroom activities in this paper are a sample of those used within a unit on "The Battle for Survival". The unit brings classic Australian literary texts together with reportage on contemporary news events, and demonstrates an integrated approaches to the Literacy, Language and Literature strands of the AC:E. The unit…

  6. Ethnic boundaries in national literary histories: Classification of ethnic minority fiction authors in American, Dutch and German anthologies and literary history books, 1978-2006

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.P.L. Berkers (Pauwke)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThis article compares the classification of ethnic minority fiction writers in American, Dutch and German literary anthologies and literary history books for the period of 1978-2006. Using content analyses, ethnic boundaries are much stronger in Dutch and German textbooks than in their

  7. The history of literary exchange between east and west in hagiographical genre in the works by literary critics of the XIX centur

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    Olga V. Gzhibovskaya

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the works by some of the literary critics of the 21 century, such as F.I. Buslayev, A.N. Pynin. A.N. Veselovskiy, who made a substantial contribution to the research of literary exchange between East and West based on hagiographical genre.

  8. Comprehension of atypical literary text and scholastic achievement

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    Božin Aurel A.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available With the aim of gaining insight into literary text comprehension and the linkage between that comprehension and scholastic achievement during the first years of schooling, a research was conducted on the sample of 152 third and fourth grade pupils from one urban and one rural school. After having read silently a selected atypical excerpt from one literary text, interviewed pupils filled out the questionnaire constructed for the purposes of this research starting from the 11 categories of text comprehension singled out based on the theory of comprehension and interpretation of literary text and the current curriculum. In the first part of the research we applied the Children's orientation scale by Malka Margalit, and school marks were used as a measurement of scholastic achievement. Research results point out that, among other things, inferring on the basis of what has been read poses the greatest difficulty for third and fourth graders, that is, that almost three quarters of them are not capable of determining the meaning of some representative sentences from that text. In the positive sense, it was established that almost three quarters of them perceive beautiful poetic expressions and about 80% of them can at least to a certain extent recognize character descriptions, emotional situations and moods, that is, discover significant facts. Answers to the questions regarding the majority of categories of text comprehension are significantly correlated with scholastic achievement. As expected, the highest correlations between the measures on text comprehension categories are with the marks in native (Serbian language. Partial correlations between the measures on certain categories of text comprehension and measurements of scholastic achievement (excluding the influence of feeling of coherence are not significantly different from bivariate. Based on the obtained data, authors conclude that the utilized system of categories can be a useful tool for

  9. CONTEXTUAL APPROACH TO LITERARY CRITICISM: DOSTOEVSKY AND PSYCHOANALYSIS

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    V. G. Kalashnikov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to demonstrate the possibilities of application of the contextual approach, developed in pedagogy and psychology, in the process of literary analysis. Initially contextual approach was developed by A. A. Verbitsky as a methodology of education. A key category of this approach was the context, interpreted A. A. Verbitsky as a psychological phenomenon. Accordingly, in this paper on the basis of later research context is understood as a psychological mechanism of semantic, objectified in external forms of test patches, social and communicative situations, etc. Now contextual approach became general psychological methodology, which led to the possibility of its application in various fields of the humanities in particular – in psycholinguistic literary studies, where the notion of «context » is used in-depth psychological interpretation. Methods. The contextual approach developed by A. A. Verbitsky as the main component of methodology of education became the main instrument of the research stated in the publication. Besides a field of the general education, this approach is applicable to various private spheres – to educational aspect of education, and also to methodology of teaching various subject matters – mathematicians, biology, foreign languages, etc. The contextual approach at the level of allpsychological methodology has allowed to apply it in various fields of humanitarian knowledge, in particular in literary researches with a strongly pronounced psychological perspective. The contextual analysis corresponding to approach has been chosen as a method of work.Results. Based on A. A. Verbitsky’s interpretation and results of the latest researches the author shows that the context is a semantic mechanism, objectified in external forms of test fragments, social and communicative situations, etc. The following types of contexts are allocated: microcontext of a personality and works of an author, a mesocontext

  10. The Immune Response: Romanticism and the Radical Literary History of Smallpox Inoculation

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Fuson

    2014-01-01

    My dissertation untangles the oxymoron of Romantic medicine. The literary history of inoculation, I contend, reveals that smallpox eradication was as much a triumph of the literary imagination as it was an achievement of Enlightenment science. Underlying this argument is the larger disciplinary question: Who counts as a producer of scientific knowledge? My project uncovers a surprisingly literary history of medicine that includes poetry and imaginative fiction in the discovery, propagation, a...

  11. Theorizing Orality and Performance in Literary Anecdote and History: Boswell’s Diaries

    OpenAIRE

    Dianne Dugaw

    2009-01-01

    This essay analyzes orality and song performance in the eighteenth-century diaries of James Boswell, gentleman Scot and literary figure. Boswell’s engagement of song culture in the course of his activities—literary, political, amorous, familial, domestic, traveling, business, and leisure—demonstrates the eighteenth-century mixing of oral and written and of popular culture and belles lettres, and shows the significance of oral forms and expression among even the most literate and literary peop...

  12. New Transnational Literary Histories on the World Scene

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    Remo Ceserani

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio discute il rapporto sempre più problematico fra storia della letteratura e identità nazionale. Dopo aver esaminato alcune storie recenti che continuano a privilegiare la dimensione nazionale ed esclusivamente letteraria della materia trattata, si sofferma su alcune interessanti esperienze di storie che trattano la produzione culturale e letteraria di intere zone geografiche, a prescindere dalle identità statali, culturali e linguistiche di singoli Paesi e nazioni (per esempio: l’Europa centro-orientale, la penisola iberica, l’intero continente sudamericano. Fra i testi presi in esame: la Storia della letteratura ungherese, a cura di B. Ventavoli (2002-2004, la Storia della letteratura polacca, a cura di L. Marinelli (2004, la Geografia e storia della civiltà letteraria rumena nel contesto europeo, a cura di B. Mazzoni e A. Tarantino (2010, la History of the Literary Cultures of East-Central Europe, a cura di M. Cornis-Pope e J. Neubauer (2004-2010, la New History of German Literature, a cura di D. E. Wellbery e J. Ryan (2004, la New History of French Literature, a cura di D. Hollier (1998, la Comparative History of Literatures in the Iberian Peninsula, a cura di F. Cabo Aseguinolaza, A. Abuín Gonzales e C. Domínguez (2010, la New Literary History of America, a cura di G. Marcus e W. Sollors (2009 e le Literary Cultures of Latin America, a cura di M. Valdés e D. Kadir (2004.

  13. Cognitive literary Anthropology and Neurohermeneutics. A theoretical Proposal

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    Federica Claudia Abramo

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Following Wolfgang Iser’s studies, literary criticism could no longer avoid a confrontation with the phenomenology of the act of reading. This has led the analysis of a literary text towards new researches regarding the reader’s response theory. In particular, it is impossible to define the field of literary investigation, its coordinates and characteristics, without considering the anthropological dimention which defines the epistemological nature of literature itself. We propose in this study a new approach that we call “neurohermeneutic approach”. Unlike an analytical or descriptive approach, the neurohermeneutic approach investigates broth the relations that the reader’s mind establishes with the text figurations and how these figurations stimulates the reader’s mind in that inexhaustible, always new and surprising act of the reading.   A partire dagli studi di Wolfgang Iser, la riflessione critica non ha più potuto evitare il confronto con la fenomenologia dell’atto della lettura, e questo ha condotto l’analisi del testo fino alle recenti ricerche in merito alla reader’s response theory. Soprattutto risulta ormai impossibile definire il campo di indagine letterario, le sue caratteristiche e coordinate, a prescindere da un affondo nella dimensione antropologica che definisce la natura epistemologica della letteratura stessa. Proponiamo in questo studio un nuovo approccio che definiamo “neuroermeneutico” e che, a differenza di un approccio analitico o descrittivo, indaga sia le relazioni che la mente del lettore instaura con le figurazioni del testo, sia come queste figurazioni sollecitino la mente del lettore in quell’atto inesauribile, sempre nuovo e sorprendente, della lettura.

  14. From Literary Culture to Post-Communist Media: Romanian Conspiracism

    OpenAIRE

    Colăcel Onoriu; Pintilescu Corneliu

    2017-01-01

    Conspiracy thinking has a long history in Romanian literary culture. In the early 21st century, what counts as a conspiracy theory in the mainstream of Romanian life is nevertheless elusive enough to keep the public engaged more than ever before. The growing number of attempts to address the gap in knowledge with regard to local conspiracy theories is proof that concern with their possibly harmful consequences is on the rise as well. For most of the conspiracy-minded, the topics of the day ar...

  15. Literary And Psychological Journey Into Lee Brightmans Consciousness

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    Moza Al Hammoudi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to analyze the character of Lee Brightman from both literary and psychological perspective. Lee Brightman is a main character in Elizabeth Hayness novel Into the Darkest Corner. Lee has psychopathic traits which fall under the dark triad personalities narcissism Machiavellianism and psychopathy. After Catharine Baily falls in love with him he starts to change his attitude towards her. Lee uses emotional psychological and physical abuse against Catharine. This research helps to uncover the reasons behind Lee Brightmans domestic violence. In addition this research serves as a case study of someone who has psychological problems.

  16. Nonconformist discourse of literary criticism activity of Mykhailyna Kotsiubynska

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    Светлана Григорьевна Бугай

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The peculiarity of scientific and critical reception of history and theory of Ukrainian literature in studios of Mykhaylyna Kotsiubynska is considered in the article. It is given the detailed analysis of scientific approaches and attitudes in literary interpretation of the key issues of artistic discourse: features of genre-thematic, compositional structure, imagery and stylistic palette of writing, specific of writer’s artistic thinking, ethical and philosophical foundations of creativity, originality of associative relationships, understanding artistic heritage in the context of the time

  17. Research of conceptual art synthesis in contemporary literary criticism

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    Марія Миколаївна Чобанюк

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Identity of conceptual art synthesis of the literature of the second half of the XX - XXI century are revealed for the first time in literary criticism in the light of a single system approach (based on creative works of John Fowles, Graham Green, Kurt Vonnegut, Günter Grass, Joseph Heller, Milan Kundera, Mario Vargas Llosa and its theoretical and methodological principles are specified. Efficiency of conceptual art synthesis to the study approach of the works of above mentioned writers is substantiated

  18. The Anthropocene (and (in the Humanities: Possibilities for Literary Studies

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    Melina Pereira Savi

    2017-05-01

    sciences, and to consider, more broadly, some of the theoretical unfolding of the term within the humanities. Towards its conclusion, the paper presents the demands the Anthropocene makes, as a geological Epoch (in which the human becomes a geophysical force, capable of changing the Earth’s biophysical systems, of literary studies as a possible field for theoretical articulations that may add to the debates on this historical moment in which climate change, forced dislocations, the mass extinction of several species, and other urgent matters come to the fore.

  19. Write it right a little blacklist of literary faults

    CERN Document Server

    Bierce, Ambrose

    2010-01-01

    Amusing and thought-provoking, this A-to-Z compendium outlines common oral and written gaffes. Ambrose Bierce, a celebrated literary wit, assembled his informative compilation in 1909 from many years of observations and notes. He advocates precision in language, offering alternatives to grammatical lapses and inaccurate word choices.Moneyed for Wealthy: ""The moneyed men of New York."" One might as sensibly say, ""The cattled men of Texas,"" or, ""The lobstered men of the fish market."" Name for Title and Name: ""His name was Mr. Smith."" Surely no babe was ever christened Mister. Juncture m

  20. Gabriel Garcia Marquez; The Significant Message of His Literary Discourse

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    Mohammad B. Aghaei

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s literary discourse actually portrays the destructive domination of colonial and imperialistic powers and civil wars that led to a series of insecurities and poverty in the community. In fact, whatever he has presented in his works is related to the realities of the continent that have been portrayed in his fictional world. In his works, every single line is a reference to a certain critical point in the history of Latin American continent and provides a magnifying glass for the reader to clearly conceptualize them. His works also represent the contemporary events that are frequently happening in the society.

  1. LEXICAL CHOICES: THE DESCRIPTION OF WOMEN IN LITERARY DISCOURSE

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    Elis de Almeida Cardoso Caretta

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to show, through the lexical choices made by an author, what aesthetic effect achieved in the description of women in literary discourse. For this, we take as example of descriptive passages important novels published in the nineteenth century, taking into consideration the significance and value of notional words selected, and the expressiveness of semantic networks, with the intention of verifying how the lexical choices featuring female characters, placing them in the context of the work and in your universe. From the analysis presented is intended to show that the works of renowned Brazilian literature can be worked in the classroom with linguistic approach.

  2. A literary analysis of global female identity, health, and equity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagan, Teresa L; Cohen, Susan M

    2014-01-01

    Females' experiences of identity, health, and equity share similar features around the world. This literary analysis describes the narratives of 4 female protagonists from popular fiction novels to identify similarities between their personal and contextualized experiences. The impact these private realities and public structures have on female health will be used to demonstrate the universal ecological threats to women's health. In conclusion, we offer suggestions on how to incorporate the shared female movement from domination and separation toward liberation and connection into modern health care practices that emphasize shared decision making, open communication, and social activism.

  3. Literary arts and the development of the life story.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mar, Raymond A; Peskin, Joan; Fong, Katrina

    2011-01-01

    Throughout adolescence, children begin to develop their life story: a coherent account of their experiences and selfhood. Although the nature of this development is still being uncovered, one promising direction for research is the examination of factors that could encourage life story development. Here the authors explore the idea that exposure to the literary arts (i.e., poetry and fictional literature) might promote the formation of a coherent autobiographical narrative. Taking a critical look at both theoretical proposals along with the current empirical research, they provide a brief survey of this intriguing hypothesis. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company.

  4. Ipatiy Potiy, a literary representative of two epochs and cultures

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    Sukhareva Svitlana Volodymyrivna

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the parallels that are conducted between the polemic prose of the early 17th century, and previous period of Polish literature development on the basis of literary works of Ipatiy Potiy. The attention is paid to understudied Ipatiy Potiy's works, particularly his polemic letters and apologiae. The article studies the influence of historical circumstances on forming the writer's skills and creativeness; it determines the main motives of his works. The material is completely researched, opponents' replies are taken into account. The results show the phenomenon of subculture on the border of ethnos and confessions.

  5. The Sardinian Literary Spring: An Overview. A New Perspective on Italian Literature

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    Michele Broccia

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at presenting today’s Sardinian literary scene and how some novelists (Sergio Atzeni, Giulio Angioni, Salvatore Mannuzzu, Salvatore Niffoi, Marcello Fois, Giorgio Todde, Milena Agus, Francesco Abate, Flavio Soriga and Michela Murgia, during the last few decades, drawing their narrative subjects directly from the regional and local culture, are contributing to a new development in Italian literature. These authors’ novels often contain references to Sardinian linguistic, social, anthropological and historical facts. Their success has led literary critics to talk about a Sardinian Literary Spring or Sardinian Nouvelle Vague, i.e. a literary phenomenon, which is the expression of a deep-rooted Sardinian identity.

  6. Literary heritage and place building for communities: the case of Allier, France

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    Pierre-Mathieu Le Bel

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Literature’s geography takes an active part in the construction of a social and political space. In a postmodern context of increasing tourist offer and demand, literary tourism is often seen as a niche; an originality factor and a guaranty of authenticity by local development actors and visitors. The present article, consequently, is interested in this dialectic between places and literary heritage. This paper focuses on a participatory action research on citizen associations that promote literary heritage of the County of Allier, France. We look at how local associations build on literary heritage to produce places and representations of those places are aimed at tourist consumption.

  7. Linguistic Levels of Translation: A Generic Exploration of Translation Difficulties in Literary Textual Corpus

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    Magda Madkour

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This case study research was based on a generic exploration of the translation problems that graduate students face in literary translation. Literary translation is fundamental to translation programs at higher education due to the upsurge that has occurred in publishing classical and modern literary works from various cultures. However, literary texts have special characteristics that make the process of transferring them from one language into another a daunting task. Translating literary texts is difficult even for professional translators because misinterpreting the messages of the source texts can lead to distorting the aesthetic aspects of the literary work. Students need to learn various linguistic levels of literary translation as well as strategies and methods of translation. Learning the linguistics levels of translation necessitates providing adequate training that is based on enhancing students’ cognitive abilities. Cognitive-based translation training helps students learn the procedures of solving the problems of translating sound and literary devices. Cognitive approaches are relevant to the translation process since cognition implies mental activities that students can use to understand and synthesize the literary text, and reconstruct it creatively. Therefore, the current study aimed at examining the relationship between cognitive teaching methodologies and students’ performance in literary translation. To examine this relationship, qualitative and quantitative data was collected from graduate students at the College of Languages and Translation at Imam Mohammed bin Saud Islamic University (IMAMU University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In addition, corpus data was gathered from authentic literary texts including, novels, short stories, and poetry, to investigate the effect of linguistic analysis and cognitive strategies on the quality of literary translation. Quantitative data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the

  8. Psychos’ Haunting Memories: A(n (Uncommon Literary Heritage

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    Maria Antónia Lima

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In our times, one of the most prevailing forms of terror is certainly the psychological terror. In the history of literature and cinema, it’s impossible to forget some very widely known characters called psychos, especially those created by Edgar Allan Poe, Robert Bloch, Stephen King, Bret Easton Ellis, Sarah Kane and Patrick McGrath. Usually, they are haunted not only by their own private memories, but also by a literary memory that associates them to a common heritage, as if each psychotic character belonged to a very old gothic family, in which every member had been cursed to inherit the disease of his ancestors or the sins of his fathers. Haunted by images of their past, that recurrently return to the present, these psychos defy the barriers of time and all the traditional distinctions between reality and imagination, because one can never be sure if the stories are really about murders or about victims of their very diseased minds. Uncertainties and doubts disturb the reader as they also disturb the main character in search of a lost identity. Keywords: Psychos, Terror, Haunting Memories, Literary Heritage, Poe.

  9. A Review on Developing Critical Thinking Skills through Literary Texts

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    Noraini Ahmad Shukri

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Many ESL instructors are generally in agreement with the belief that it is essential that students should be assisted in developing critical thinking skills while being engaged in their language learning process especially those learning the target language at higher level (Stern, 1985; Dickinson, 1991; McKay, 2001; Terry, 2007; Van, 2009; Odenwald, 2010. As it enables language learners to engage in a more purposeful and self-regulatory in judgment, helping them in their evaluation of the arguments of others and of their own, coming to well-reasoned resolutions to any complex problems and to be able to resolve conflicts encountered in their daily lives. Critical thinking requires them to be actively involved in their own learning process as they attempt to individually understand and apply the information they are exposed to during the classroom interaction (Landsberger, 1999; Tung & Chang, 2009. The many advantageous and feasibility of teaching instruction that incorporates the study of literature in the ESL classroom which suggests that literature texts, if correctly chosen and instructed, can prove to be beneficial to ESL students’ overall level of literacy and critical thinking skills. Numerous empirical researches also asserted that literary texts that are authentic, enjoyable, and motivating would naturally increase both their knowledge of the target language patterns and cultural awareness. Keywords: Critical thinking, ESL classroom, literature, literary text

  10. LITERARY CLINIC: GLOBAL LITERATURES AND ENGLISH TEACHER EDUCATION IN BRAZIL

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    Malia Spofford XAVIER

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Departing from the polyvalent metaphor of the “clinic,” this article discusses the results of the first phase of an English teacher education project, part of the Teaching Initiation Scholarship Program (PIBID/CAPES at a federal university in Brazil. Given the effects of globalization on language teaching and learning, the English teacher certification program needs to incorporate critical and intercultural perspectives in the reflexive dimension of the teacher education curriculum. One possible approach is the study of global English, or Anglophone, literatures utilizing a cultural studies and postcolonial theoretical framework. In accordance with recent observations by Festino (2011 and Lourenço (2011 about the importance of literatures in English for education in Brazil, I propose a multimodal and critical approach to the study of Anglophone literatures connected to teaching in basic education that also stimulates teacher reflection. This approach also seeks to illuminatethe role of English in Brazil and clarify the notion of content in English classes, as it relates to narrative. My analysis involves a triptych of literary genres from different countries: Kendal Hippolyte (poetry – St. Lucia, Chinua Achebe (novel – Nigeria, and Jhumpa Lahiri (short story – United States and India. Some strategies for transposing literary studies to the middle school English classroom in Brazil are also outlined.

  11. Isidora Sekulić as a literary critic

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    Andrejević Danica

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Isidora Sekulić was the manifest leader and driving force of the modernistic generation of writers in the first half of the XX century. Following the literary metamorphosis in the context of the newer Serbian culture she established the markers of our civilization and literature. With psychological and essayistic elements of her style she accomplished to become an interpreter of author's criticism. In the spiritual and artistic climate at the beginning of the century and between two world's wars, she channelled the courses of Serbian literature with substantial criticism after revising the opinion of Skerlić. She managed to recognize the future talents and saw in Crnjanski the creator of modern novel. Isidora Sekulić thought of the language as the cultural expression of the people. Greeting the innovations of young modernists she kept her critical sense for tradition. With her creativity, Serbian literary criticism of the Belgrade style gained the highest artistic expression. As the great intellectual medium between tradition and modern Isidora Sekulić represents an exceptional icon of Serbian culture.

  12. THE CONSTRUCTIVIST THEORY OF REALITY IN LITERARY RESEARCH

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    Sri Wiryanti Budi Utami

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available As a sign system, literature is not limited to the imaginative world only. Literature, however, is also a system which involves the author, the work, the reader, and the field of knowledge (society. Although the facts presented tend to be mental facts, it does not mean that facts in literature cannot be seen as data about the existing social reality. Referring to literature as a sign system, which stresses the mimetic and creative aspects, literature as a construction can be seen as the reflection of reality with two dimensions, subjective and objective. Therefore, the assumption that facts in literature are not the reflections of reality cannot be accepted. Based on the framework of semiotic thinking which emphasizes literature as a sign system, the social dimension could be applied in literary approaches, one of them is the constructivist theory of reality by Berger and Luckman. Through the constructivist theory of reality, literature can be analyzed as the reflections of subjective and objective realities. In other words, literary approach can be directed from literature as the product and its author.

  13. Twentieth-Century Latin American Literary Studies and Cultural Autonomy

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    Naomi Lindstrom

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1920s, when scholars first began to specialize in Latin American writing, the subject of Latin American literary studies has grown from a small subset of Spanish and Portuguese literary research and teaching to become the largest field within Hispanism and a significant presence in comparative literature. The expansion of their place in the academic world has often prompted students of Latin American literature to wonder whether, in being swept into the mainstream, their field has not left out of account the historical situations of Latin American nations. These reflections lead critics back to a problem that has troubled Latin American thinkers since Independence: the achievement, or erosion, of cultural autonomy. Though undeniably close to major powers, the Latin American nations are unequal partners in trade and cultural exchange. Corresponding to their uneven and shifting relations with Europe and later the United States, their cultural life evolves following a distinctive historical dynamic. This article considers recent efforts by scholars and essayists to characterize the features that distinguish Latin America from more politically and economically advantaged nations. Special attention goes to those scholars who, drawing on anthropological research, examine communicative and expressive practices of indigenous origin, and those who borrow from economic theory to view Latin America as shaped by its history of dependence on more powerful nations and regions.

  14. Modifying the explanation of Anvari Abivardi’s literary theory

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    Fatemeh Hakima

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract   In the first place, the literary theory is about finding an answer to the question on what makes a verbal message into a work of art . This is related to the particular distinction of Lingual arts from other arts, and other types of Lingual behaviors . That is why literary theory is in the first position among literary studies. (Ahmadi, 1996: 1st volume/77 One of the fundamental aspects of literary studies is interpreting ancient texts from the perspective of the poet or writer’s own literary theory . On this basis, this article aims to discuss the literary theory and poetry structure of Anvari . Indisputably, Anvari’s structure is special and it is certainly based on the perspective, insight and cultural and social conditions in which it grew and formed. Each poet is the composer of their poetry and oratory and Anvary, himself, is the most informed person about his elocution method. He mentioned the elocution method in several places in his Divan:   However, you looking into poetry styles   All taken into account the best style is mine (Anvari, 1958: 1st volume/85   Accordingly, his Divan has been subjected to scrutiny, and judgment criteria have been derived from the verses of the poet .   Anvari believed that poetry is the result of integrating content with discourse whose output is captured hearts . He called poets the granters of speech and in composing poetry, he believed content is prior to discourse. He has an opinion that the container of discourse does accommodate content that on this basis he approached the ideas of " modern hermeneutics ”. He praised original meaning- which was not adopted by other poems- and he described proper poetry using graceful and delicate characteristic. In fact, in his viewpoint, a poem which has original meaning and graceful and delicate verse is a literary discourse which influences the reader .  From his viewpoint:  1- Improvisation and spontaneity   2- Composing in any literary

  15. Authorial "seal" and literary exclusivism in ancient poetry

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    Marko Marinčič

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Sphragis, “seal”, is a Greek word used by literary historians to denote an authorial “signature” included in the text, not as an informative paratext but as an intrusion of empirical reality into the literary work itself. Though the expression was never used as a technical term in classical antiquity, it was used as a metaphor by the elegiac poet Theognis of Megara, probably in the 6th century BC. Theognis’s “seal”, which purports to protect the poems from theft, change and degradation, is variously interpreted as a reference to the inclusion of the author’s name in the text, as a reference to the recurring address to Theognis’s beloved Kyrnos, or even as literal seal protecting the material text. The scholarly debate centers on the relevance of the written word to Theognis’s metaphor: did Theognis see his poetry as a written text to be protected from textual interventions and plagiarism? While leaving the problem of written vs. oral expression and of (protection of authorship open, this article argues that Theognis’s anxieties regarding the (oral publication of his poems prefigure the authorial fears and exclusivist postures of the Roman poets of the Augustan era.

  16. Writing about patients: what clinical and literary writers share.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Elise

    2009-10-01

    Anyone who seeks publication wants readers, but self-expression, self-assertion, and self-promotion have consequences, especially for those who draw on clinical material and who must honor publication standards of integrity and reliability, as well as ethical codes governing confidentiality, consent, disguise, and collaboration. This paper employs tools of literary analysis, principles of moral philosophy, and psychoanalytic theories about writing to show that writers of fiction and autobiography also struggle with these dilemmas. They worry about their responsibilities to the sources of their stories, and wonder if changing names and dates will prevent friends and family, whose lives get used as material, from feeling embarrassed, betrayed, or exploited. Because they understand that the composing process blurs boundaries between fiction and nonfiction, fantasy and memory, self and other, they recognize that an author's relationship with his or her subject (matter) can disable the capacity to recognize when self-interest has taken over a concern for the welfare of others. More important, literary authors are free to write about writing, and what they render transparent about primitive, unconscious processes suggests that what clinical writing has in common with fiction and autobiography should be included in efforts to update ethical standards and procedures regarding psychoanalytic publication.

  17. Oral Tradition as the Literary Skeleton of African Novels: A Study of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Literary writers and works find their roots and expression in the culture that breeds them. This assertion is true because literary works do not exist in isolation of the people's way of life, often expressed in what they do (social functions and roles); what they think (their philosophy of life about birth, death, God, heaven, hell, ...

  18. Building Reading Resilience: Re-Thinking Reading for the Literary Studies Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Kate; Barnett, Tully; Poletti, Anna; Seaboyer, Judith; Kennedy, Rosanne

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces the concept of "reading resilience": students' ability to read and interpret complex and demanding literary texts by drawing on advanced, engaged, critical reading skills. Reading resilience is a means for rethinking the place and pedagogies of close reading in the contemporary literary studies classroom. Our…

  19. Challenging the Autonomous Realm of Literature: Nieuwe Zakelijkheid and Poetry in the Dutch Literary Field

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dorleijn, G.J.; Grüttemeier, Ralf; Beekman, Klaus; Rebel, Ben

    2013-01-01

    The term Nieuwe Zakelijkheid has mainly been used to indicate prose not poetry during the 1930s in Dutch literary criticism and academic criticism; literary historiography followed this practice. This contribution shows that Nieuwe Zakelijkheid and poetry are nevertheless closely intertwined in

  20. Mapping the Demographic Landscape of Characters in Recent Dutch Prose : A Quantitative Approach to Literary Representation

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    van der Deijl, Lucas; Pieterse, S.A.; Prinse, Marion; Smeets, Roel

    2016-01-01

    The lack of ethnic and gender diversity in the Dutch literary domain has recently been subject to discussions in the public debate. In the academic context, questions regarding diversity are studied either on a literary-sociological level (institutional approaches) or on the level of the individual

  1. Parallels Between New Paradigms in Science and in Reading and Literary Theories: An Essay Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Constance

    1985-01-01

    Explores parallels between new paradigms in the sciences, particularly quantum physics, chemistry, and biology, and new paradigms in reading and literary theory, particularly a socio-psycholinguistic, semiotic, transactional view of reading, and a transactional view of the literary experience. (HOD)

  2. A Study of Second Graders' Home and School Literary Experiences. Report Series 1.6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walmsley, Sean A.; And Others

    A study investigated the literary experiences and understanding of elementary school students by focusing on the literature children encounter in school and at home, literary instruction, and the differences between good and poor readers. Teachers and researchers traced the reading habits of eight second-grade students from two classrooms from…

  3. Effects of exposure to literary narrative fiction : From book smart to street smart?

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    De Mulder, H.N.M.; Hakemulder, F.; van den Berghe, Rianne; Klaassen, F.; van Berkum, J.J.A.

    2017-01-01

    Literary narrative fiction may be particularly effective in enhancing Theory of Mind (ToM), as it requires readers to contemplate author and character intentions in filling the literary ‘gaps’ that have been suggested to characterise this fiction type. The current study investigates direct and

  4. Literary Fiction as a Tool for Teaching Social Theory and Critical Consciousness

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    Weber, Christina D.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, I discuss the possibilities that emerge from using literary fiction as a tool for teaching social theory and critical consciousness. Focusing on data from a social theory course I taught in fall 2007, along with my experiences teaching social theory, I evaluate the utility of utilizing literary fiction in the social theory…

  5. A literary-historical analysis of Daniel 2 : Two powers in opposition ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article investigates some aspects of Daniel 2 and attempts to demonstrate the value of the literary-historical approach to biblical texts. The literary-historical approach consists of three elements: a structural, a historical and a narrative analysis of the text. Firstly, the structural investigation uses Propps model for a ...

  6. The Literary Component in the ELE Manuals at the Universidad de Oriente

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    Carlos Manuel Rodriguez-Garcia

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The literary texts have gained ground in the classes of Spanish as a foreign language in spite of the resistance of some authors. The literature provides a repertoire of possible sociocultural situations that the professor of ELE can use for the development of linguistic, pragmatic, communicative skills. ELE manuals still have literary texts for grammar work.

  7. [Literary works play a great role in the "fiancée" letters].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirschmüller, Albrecht

    2014-01-01

    Quoting from poems, novels, and dramas of the world literature, but also from popular or trivial contemporary works allowed Freud and Martha to express their own thoughts and feelings. They also at times identified with literary figures. The author describes which poets and writers they preferred and where they agreed or disagreed in their literary likings.

  8. Quality Sells : International Bestsellers in the Dutch Literary Field around 1936

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    Keltjens, Ryanne

    2017-01-01

    With the emergence of an international bestseller culture in the first half of the twentieth century, foreign literary works were of increasing importance in domestic conceptions of cultural hierarchies. This was in particular the case in peripheral literary systems, which largely depended on

  9. Superman Is Dead: How We Help Students Make Sense of Literary Characters

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    Gilmore, Barry

    2012-01-01

    In her book "Why Do We Care about Literary Characters?" Blakely Vermeule addresses the tendency of the academic establishment to dismiss affection for literary characters in favor of objective analysis, describing teachers with "the furrowed brow, the worried expression: responsible teachers [who] wean their students off their passion for literary…

  10. Visual Images of Subjective Perception of Time in a Literary Text

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesterik, Ella V.; Issina, Gaukhar I.; Pecherskikh, Taliya F.; Belikova, Oxana V.

    2016-01-01

    The article is devoted to the subjective perception of time, or psychological time, as a text category and a literary image. It focuses on the visual images that are characteristic of different types of literary time--accelerated, decelerated and frozen (vanished). The research is based on the assumption that the category of subjective perception…

  11. Developing Literary Reading Skills through Creative Writing in German as a Second Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urlaub, Per

    2011-01-01

    Literary reading skills in a second language (L2) are essential for student success at the advanced levels of collegiate language instruction. This article introduces an instructional approach that fosters the development of L2 literary reading skills through creative writing activities. First, the article identifies those skills that language…

  12. Edward Said's Worldliness, Amateurism and Heterotopia: Negotiating the Interdisciplinarity of Literary Theory, Canonicity, and Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Shomar, Ayman

    2016-01-01

    Literary criticism nowadays is essentially crossing the boundaries of disciplinarity and canonicity where literary theory has increasingly been shaped by overlapping concepts and branching out of theories as well as whipping out the limitations imposed by theory itself. The post-conditions of contemporaneity have imposed a view of reading and…

  13. U.S. National Certification in Literary Braille: History and Current Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Edward

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on a certification examination for teachers of students with visual impairments--the National Literary Braille Competency Test (NLBCT). It discusses the history, development, pilot testing, and validation of NLBCT and the creation of the National Certification in Literary Braille. Data on the current administration of the test…

  14. Some aspects of gender inequality in selected African literary texts

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    L.L. Kwatsha

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on gender inequalities in selected African literary texts. I explore the way in which some African writers view gender inequalities and stereotypes in their characters. We will also be able to see who is involved and affected by these gender inequalities and how. Gender theory will be used as a framework. The aspects of gender that are discussed, include gender stereotypes, gender roles, gender identity, the superiority of men, inequality in polygamous marriages, sex roles, the sexual division of labour and arranged marriage. This study will also include the views of writers from other part of Africa. These views have a lot in common but sometimes they vary because of the influence and different ideologies of the society concerned.

  15. From Literary Classics to Twitter: Some Examples of Retelling

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    Claudia Cao

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available After having defined the “microliterature” among the digital textual forms and after a brief analysis of its origin, this paper gives an overview of the three main narrative forms risen from Twitter, with particular attention for the widespread phenomenon of retellings. The aim of this study is to examine the two more diffused typologies of serial retelling ‒ the collective and the authorial form ‒ throughout the concept of convergence theorized by Jenkins (2006. Finally, the last example taken into consideration ‒ Twitterature (Penguin 2009, sixty retellings of literary classics reproducing the Twitter texts ‒ testifies the circularity and reciprocity of the osmosis process between literature and new media.

  16. Teaching cultural competence using an exemplar from literary journalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Kathryn L

    2004-06-01

    Fadiman's work of literary journalism, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down, was used as a case study to teach transcultural and other nursing concepts to undergraduate nursing students. Campinha-Bacote's model of cultural competence was used to organize transcultural nursing concepts in the course. Before and after the course, students completed assessments consisting of two cultural attitude questionnaires and a paper describing a personal experience with adherence and failure to adhere by a Mexican American client. After reading Fadiman's book and completing several short writing assignments examining key course concepts, student scores on the questionnaires were mostly unchanged. However, students demonstrated growth in cultural awareness and skill in their "after" papers. Results suggest that valid, reliable tools are needed to detect changes in cultural competence. Qualitative data suggest that students can begin the process of becoming culturally competent through the creative use of literature in nursing education.

  17. AHP 45: REVIEW: TIBETAN LITERARY GENRES, TEXTS, AND TEXT TYPES

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    Tricia Kehoe

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Intended as a follow-up to Cabezón and Jackson's groundbreaking Tibetan Literature: Studies in Genre (1996, Tibetan Literary Genres, Texts, and Text Types: From Genre Classification to Transformation aims to deepen our understandings of Tibetan literature by approaching Tibetan text types from systematic and historical perspectives. Growing out of a conference panel at the twelfth Tibetan Studies seminar, the book explores both pre-modern and contemporary genres, as well as issues of classification and methodologies. In doing so, this collection of essays edited by Jim Rheingans covers a great deal of new ground in terms of discussions of terminology, definitions, and the theoretical landscape pertaining to literature, genre, text boundaries, and typologies in the field of Tibetan literature. ...

  18. Imagination, creation and literary origins: dreaming and waking

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    Catherine Farrar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Quotation, allusion, mediumship and speaking with or through others’ voices is an established ad well-worked aspect of culture, indeed, it seems, across all cultures, an appropriate subject indeed for COMPASIO. So too has the inspiration artists have drawn for their creation from dreams and the voices of a world beyond themselves. This has been relatively well studied in such fields as visual art and music. Less attention, however, despite its clear centrality, has been given to literary creation. This paper, by a cultural anthropologist, uses a personal case study to illustrate how this can work through the interaction between dreams and narrative. The case here, though only singular in its detailed content and process has wider implications for the comparative anthropological and comparative study of culture, individuality, imagination and creativity.

  19. The Literary Interview. Critics and Fictions of Ricardo Piglia

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    María del Carmen Porras

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article we try to analyze the strategies that Ricardo Piglia has used to deliver us a poetical art in his book Critique and fiction, which constitutes a summary of interviews that the author has offered. In this case, we speak about a poetic writing. Piglia has carried out his process of selection and reconstruction of the material all by himself, and has supported his own structure of the interviews in the book, which does of the exchange with other one an indispensable condition, in order to construct a personal perspective that condense his ideas as writer and intellectually. In this perspective, Piglia give us examples about how a literary interview can and must be conceived: It is a productive dialog that promotes a thought that include the literature and the culture.

  20. The death effect in literary evaluation: reverence for the dead?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Joseph P; Mohler, Eric W

    It is commonly believed that the value of art and other creative works increases after the death of the artist. In an attempt to examine this so-called death effect we presented a short story to N = 431 undergraduate students asking how much money they would hypothetically spend to purchase a literary work. We experimentally manipulated: 1) whether the author died or moved after publishing a short story, and, 2) the gender of the author. Participants randomly received one of four possible biographical descriptions about the author. We predicted that participants would offer higher purchase prices and subjectively evaluate the work more positively when they believed the author was dead. Results were consistent with this hypothesis perhaps reflecting a certain reverence for the dead. We also found that evaluations of the story were more favorable when the purported gender of the author matched that of the participant.

  1. Literary and Documentary Evidence for Lay Medical Practice in the Roman Republic and Empire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draycott, Jane

    2016-01-01

    The majority of surviving ancient medical literature was written by medical practitioners and produced for the purpose of ensuring the effective diagnosis and treatment of their patients, suggesting an audience of medical professionals ranging from instructors to students. This has led historians to concentrate on the professional medical practitioner and their theories, methods and practices, rather than on lay medical practitioners, or even patients themselves. This chapter seeks to redress this imbalance, and examine the ancient literary and documentary evidence for lay medical theories, methods and practices in the Roman Republic and Empire in an attempt to reconstruct the experiences of lay medical practitioners and their patients. The Roman agricultural treatises of Cato, Varro and Columella, papyri and ostraca from Egypt, and tablets from Britain are investigated, and it is established that the individual's personal acquisition of knowledge and expertise, not only from medical professionals and works of medical literature, but also from family members and friends, and through trial and error, was considered fundamental to domestic medical practice.

  2. The Problem of Literary Language and Dialect in Arab Countries. Preliminary Translations of Selected Works in Sociolinguistics, Number II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkin, V.M.

    The author notes the problems arising from the dichotomy between literary Arabic and the spoken varieties. The thousand-year-old system of teaching literary Arabic, the archaic elements of grammar, and the writing system are discussed. The written history of the literary language is presented in three stages--(1) the pre-Islamic classical, (2) the…

  3. Literary Interpretation as Poetic Translation: Envisioning a Rancièrean Emancipatory Framework for Literature Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macaluso, Kati

    2015-01-01

    Although the aims of literary study have often been spelled out in ethical terms, scholars have tended to discuss the how of literary interpretation in more ethically neutral terms. Reading pedagogical enactments of two predominant theories of literary interpretation--New Criticism and reader response--through the lens of Rancièrean ethics, I…

  4. Reading Strategies and Literature Instruction: Teaching Learners to Generate Questions to Foster Literary Reading in the Second Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urlaub, Per

    2012-01-01

    Reading and discussing literary texts in a second language (L2) is a significant component of intermediate and advanced level collegiate language education. However, in spite of more attention to the role of literary texts in L2 instruction, the function of reading strategy instruction to teaching literary reading in the L2 has remained…

  5. Reflections on Linguistic and Literary Colonization and Decolonization in Africa

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    Eric Sellin

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the cultural diversity found in Africa and the complexity ofthe psychology of the colonizer and the colonized, several fundamental facts emerge regarding the function of language and literature in recent African history. The colonizer sought to instill a sense of inferiority in the colonized as part of the dynamics of conquest, placing special emphasis on education and language. These notions, lucidly discussed by such social thinkers as O. Mannoni, Frantz Fanon, and Albert Memmi, have analogues in the defense of language everywhere where lingua-political oppression occurs, be it in colonial Africa or on an Arapaho reservation in the American West. What is especially significant about the forced acquisition of a European language is the fact that this very tool of oppression tended to become the total of unity and rebellion for the oppressed. From a political viewpoint, the acquisition of a European lingua-franca entailed such logistics of liberation as communication and collective identity which overrode regional and tribal differences. From a cultural viewpoint, the language which had been used to colonize the minds of Africans knew two phases: first, one of simple acquisition of both language and attendant literary forms and second, one in which the European language was warped or "bullied" to fit the author's African cultural impulses. In the second instance we have, as a result of code-mixing and the transfer of cultural factors, the emergence of a unique and vigorous literature. In itself, this literature may be appreciated qua literature, but we should not forget that the code-mixing is often as concerned with the rejection of the language of oppression and the restauration of indigenous values as it is with traditional literary self-expression, as, for example, in the two poems by Algerian poet Youcef Sebti which bear the titles "La Soleil" and "Le Lune," thereby pooh-poohing sacrosanct French grammar by reversing the genders of

  6. Literary Commitment in Bessie Head’s Maru

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    Elizabeth A. Odhiambo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This was a study of Bessie Head’s literary commitment. The objective of the study was to interrogate the extent to which the writer is committed as a woman and as a Third World person based on the text Maru. The study adopted the analytical research design. The data collected through content analysis was coded according to thematic concerns, stylistic choices, the mode of characterization and vision of the author. The postcolonial theory was employed in the reading analysis and interpretation of the selected text. The findings reveal that as a woman, Bessie Head is committed to reconstructing a positive image for her female characters by challenging stereotypical perception of women through dismantling of patriarchal structures that previously relegated women to subordinate roles. This is seen in the presentation of the female characters as strong willed, determined, assertive, independent and enterprising. In delineating the experiences of women as women, she explores their most personal convictions thereby presenting their perception of issues as women. As a Third World writer, Head is committed to social justice, exposition of suffering and dehumanization resulting from ethnic prejudice and superstition. She voices for the voiceless by advocating gender equity as a basis for development. On the political arena, she examines issues that ail African politics such as selfish and greedy leadership, oppression and discrimination on basis of race. The text particularly dwells on the racial prejudices and class difference in the society.

  7. ON GRAMMAR MEANS OF LATIN AMERICAN LITERARY DISCOURSE

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    Tatiana Evgenievna Litvinenko

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the issue of categorical features of various types of discourse, definition of their linguistic specificity as well as connection between their verbal means and the conceptual world picture. Purpose. The paper identifies grammatical constructions being typical for literary discourse, particularly, for its Latin American version as a peculiar national form of communication. Methods and methodology. To achieve the objectives, the following methods were used: discourse analysis based on the interpretation of grammatical, prosodic and contextual parameters of fiction, and comparative method. Results. The analysis of Latin American literature allowed defining the two-component system of grammatical units. It includes items with rhythmic and structural similarity, as well as items with syntactic and prosodic inversion. The classification of grammatical unites, which implement a discourse function, was submitted. Applications. The results and conclusions of the research can be used to both analyze other types of discourses and descript their semiotic models, ethnic and cultural identity, strategies and mechanisms of speech influence.

  8. Neil Larsen: Latinamericanism within the marxist tradition of literary aesthetics

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    Fernando Gómez Herrero

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta entrevista es sobre la biografía del Profesor Neil Larsen, desde sus años de formación, centrados en sus años en la Universidad de Minessota, durate la administración Reagan. Presenta un análisis crítico sobre los cambios en el contexto intelectual norteamericano durante los 80, y enfatiza el empobrecimiento y la “domesticación” de la vida intelectual en los Estados Unidos. Al contrario, Larsen defiende el compromiso con Lukacs como necesario para preservar la tradición de la estética literaria marxista.______________ABSTRACT:This interview is about Professor Neil Larsen’s biography, since his formative years, focussed in his years in the University of Minnesota, during the Reagan’s administration. It presents a critical analysis of the changes in the American intellectual context during the 80’s, and emphasizes the impoverishment and ‘domestication’ of intellectual life in the United States. On the contrary, Larsen defends the engagement with Lukacs, as necessary to preserve the tradition of the Marxist literary aesthetics.

  9. Measuring information-based energy and temperature of literary texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Mei-Chu; Yang, Albert C.-C.; Eugene Stanley, H.; Peng, C.-K.

    2017-02-01

    We apply a statistical method, information-based energy, to quantify informative symbolic sequences. To apply this method to literary texts, it is assumed that different words with different occurrence frequencies are at different energy levels, and that the energy-occurrence frequency distribution obeys a Boltzmann distribution. The temperature within the Boltzmann distribution can be an indicator for the author's writing capacity as the repertory of thoughts. The relative temperature of a text is obtained by comparing the energy-occurrence frequency distributions of words collected from one text versus from all texts of the same author. Combining the relative temperature with the Shannon entropy as the text complexity, the information-based energy of the text is defined and can be viewed as a quantitative evaluation of an author's writing performance. We demonstrate the method by analyzing two authors, Shakespeare in English and Jin Yong in Chinese, and find that their well-known works are associated with higher information-based energies. This method can be used to measure the creativity level of a writer's work in linguistics, and can also quantify symbolic sequences in different systems.

  10. Taking Perspective: Personal Pronouns Affect Experiential Aspects of Literary Reading.

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    Franziska Hartung

    Full Text Available Personal pronouns have been shown to influence cognitive perspective taking during comprehension. Studies using single sentences found that 3rd person pronouns facilitate the construction of a mental model from an observer's perspective, whereas 2nd person pronouns support an actor's perspective. The direction of the effect for 1st person pronouns seems to depend on the situational context. In the present study, we investigated how personal pronouns influence discourse comprehension when people read fiction stories and if this has consequences for affective components like emotion during reading or appreciation of the story. We wanted to find out if personal pronouns affect immersion and arousal, as well as appreciation of fiction. In a natural reading paradigm, we measured electrodermal activity and story immersion, while participants read literary stories with 1st and 3rd person pronouns referring to the protagonist. In addition, participants rated and ranked the stories for appreciation. Our results show that stories with 1st person pronouns lead to higher immersion. Two factors-transportation into the story world and mental imagery during reading-in particular showed higher scores for 1st person as compared to 3rd person pronoun stories. In contrast, arousal as measured by electrodermal activity seemed tentatively higher for 3rd person pronoun stories. The two measures of appreciation were not affected by the pronoun manipulation. Our findings underscore the importance of perspective for language processing, and additionally show which aspects of the narrative experience are influenced by a change in perspective.

  11. Literary Commitment in Bessie Head’s Maru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth A. Odhiambo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This was a study of Bessie Head’s literary commitment. The objective of the study was to interrogate the extent to which the writer is committed as a woman and as a Third World person based on the text Maru. The study adopted the analytical research design. The data collected through content analysis was coded according to thematic concerns, stylistic choices, the mode of characterization and vision of the author. The postcolonial theory was employed in the reading analysis and interpretation of the selected text. The findings reveal that as a woman, Bessie Head is committed to reconstructing a positive image for her female characters by challenging stereotypical perception of women through dismantling of patriarchal structures that previously relegated women to subordinate roles. This is seen in the presentation of the female characters as strong willed, determined, assertive, independent and enterprising. In delineating the experiences of women as women, she explores their most personal convictions thereby presenting their perception of issues as women. As a Third World writer, Head is committed to social justice, exposition of suffering and dehumanization resulting from ethnic prejudice and superstition. She voices for the voiceless by advocating gender equity as a basis for development. On the political arena, she examines issues that ail African politics such as selfish and greedy leadership, oppression and discrimination on basis of race. The text particularly dwells on the racial prejudices and class difference in the society. 

  12. From Literary Culture to Post-Communist Media: Romanian Conspiracism

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    Colăcel Onoriu

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Conspiracy thinking has a long history in Romanian literary culture. In the early 21st century, what counts as a conspiracy theory in the mainstream of Romanian life is nevertheless elusive enough to keep the public engaged more than ever before. The growing number of attempts to address the gap in knowledge with regard to local conspiracy theories is proof that concern with their possibly harmful consequences is on the rise as well. For most of the conspiracy-minded, the topics of the day are specific threats posed to post-communist Romania and its people. In the main, conspiratorial beliefs fall into three main fields. Namely, they come across as 1 conspiracy theories against the body politic of the nation, 2 health-related conspiracy theories and 3 conspiracy theories on use and conservation of natural resources. While the first two overlap and build on the tradition of home-grown populism, the third is mostly a borrowing from Western media sources. However, the most influential instances of Romanian conspiracism posit that the well-being of the nation’s body politic and that of individuals’ own bodies are one and the same.

  13. THE POLITICS OF TEACHING AND LEARNING LITERARY TRANSLATION

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    Dono Sunardi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Departing from Eagleton’sdefinition of literature as “highly valued kind of writing” that brings with it “historical and ideological category and … social and political functioning” (Kuhiwczak, 2007, p. 79, any activity related to literaturecan never be simply creative but also political. This paper examines how teaching and learning literary translationis a political endeavor for at least two reasons. One is, following Anderson, because language as the vehicle of literature, and of its translation thereof, is of central ideological and political importance (1991, p. 67. Language of literature is therefore by and itself political. This can be exemplifiedby Toer’s Minke’s deliberate choice to write in unstable Malay instead of solid Dutch so that more Indonesian readers would have access to modernity, including to the idea of nationalism, and by the choice of Kenyan writer wa Thiong’o to stop writing in English because he sees English as a potent colonizing tool. Languageof literature is subversive, critical to any ideology. The second reason is related to the choice of theliterature being taught and learned in the class. Good literature, following Toer, must have “a social aspect to it, and the greater development of the social aspect, the better it is” (1999, p. 335. To that, I would add political and ideological aspects, as alreadybeing hinted by Eagleton and Anderson.

  14. DOSTOEVSKY'S RELIGIOSITY AS A METHODOLOGICAL PROBEM OF SOVIET LITERARY CRITICISM

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    Sergey Sergeevich Shaulov

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Soviet literary criticism, especially in the first decades after the 1917 Revolution, was quite biased in its treatment of Dostoevsky and his works. The reasons for this bias lie both inside and outside the sphere of political ideology. We suggest that there exists a genetic link between some Soviet readings of Dostoevsky and a number of interpretations made in the author's lifetime. Also analysed are the attempts to 'domesticate' Dostoevsky and adapt his works to drastically different cultural conditions and political norms. It is indicative that this adaptation has always passed the stage of mythologizing the writer and his works. This mythologization paradoxically became a convergence point for Soviet (Lunacharsky, anti-Soviet (Berdyayev and purely philosophical (Bakhtin readings of Dostoevsky. Ultimately, the central Dostoevsky myth in post-revolutionary Russia was a version of Romantic mythology often directly expressed in comparing Dostoevsky with Prometheus. We also look at the negative readings of Dostoevsky, which construed the author as a certain mythological antagonist of the proletariat as the collective messiah. Such readings (exemplified in our article by Pereverzev's and Livshits' point at the ultimate limit of ethical assessment of Dostoevsky from the standpoint of rational secular humanism and the Soviet humanitarian thought as its version. Dostoevsky's artistic practice incorporates this tradition within the intranovel dialogue as just one of the voices and demonstrates its ethical insufficiency, which in its turn provokes the mixed reaction of 'appropriation' and 'rejection' from both Soviet thinkers and their contemporary heirs.

  15. The literary uses of high-dimensional space

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    Ted Underwood

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Debates over “Big Data” shed more heat than light in the humanities, because the term ascribes new importance to statistical methods without explaining how those methods have changed. What we badly need instead is a conversation about the substantive innovations that have made statistical modeling useful for disciplines where, in the past, it truly wasn’t. These innovations are partly technical, but more fundamentally expressed in what Leo Breiman calls a new “culture” of statistical modeling. Where 20th-century methods often required humanists to squeeze our unstructured texts, sounds, or images into some special-purpose data model, new methods can handle unstructured evidence more directly by modeling it in a high-dimensional space. This opens a range of research opportunities that humanists have barely begun to discuss. To date, topic modeling has received most attention, but in the long run, supervised predictive models may be even more important. I sketch their potential by describing how Jordan Sellers and I have begun to model poetic distinction in the long 19th century—revealing an arc of gradual change much longer than received literary histories would lead us to expect.

  16. Code-Mixing in Biliterate and Multiliterate Irish Literary Texts

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    Tina Bennett-Kastor

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Code-mixing and code-switching are common and well-documented processes in the speech of multilingual persons. Where multilingual persons are also literate in each language, code-mixing is also possible in writing. Despite conservative pressures which tend to deem only one of the languages in a linguistic repertoire the prestige variety, and therefore the primary choice for written expression, multiliterate authors who are able to assume a multiliterate readership may use two or more languages in their texts. Some theories of code-mixing are here summarized, along with a review of code-mixing in spoken Irish. Examination of code-mixing in modern and contemporary Irish literary texts shows that, structurally, written code-mixing is for the most part similar to what is observed in spoken language. Functionally, however, written mixing often has wider aims. Because writing is a planned and conscious form of language, multilingual writers utilize their greater linguistic repertoires strategically by imbuing different languages with different symbolic meanings. A full appreciation of such texts requires an understanding not just of the languages involved, but also of their functions in the cultural environment and the historical, political, and cultural associations with the other languages.

  17. Music in Serbian literary magazine and Yugoslav ideology

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    Vasić Aleksandar N.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available It is worth noting that the important journal of the history of Serbian literature and music, the Serbian Literary Magazine (1901 - 1914, 1920 1941, became more Yugoslav-oriented within a relatively short period following its inception. From its early beginning to 1906, the Magazine’s musical critics did not actively express its Yugoslav ideology. But from 1907 there was an increase of interest in both the music and the musicians from Croatia and Slovenia. In 1911 the Croatian Opera spent almost two weeks in Belgrade performing; the composer and musicologist, Miloje Milojević began to develop the idea of union with Slavs from the South in a critical analysis he rendered of their performance. Until the end of the first/old series, SLM highlighted a noticeable number of texts about Croatians and Slovenians: critical reviews of Croatian musical books, concerts of Slovenian artists in Belgrade, score editions of Slovenian music performances of instrument soloists from Zagreb in Belgrade - as well as notes about the musical work of Croatian Academy (Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts, Zagreb. Echoes of rare tours of Serbian musicians in South Slavs cultural centers did not go unheard, either. In the older series of the journal, lasting and two-fold relations had already begun to lean towards Yugoslav ideology. From one side, even before World War I, Yugoslav ideology in the Magazine was accepted as a program objective of Serbian political and cultural elite. On the other, the journal does not appear to have negotiated any of its aesthetic criterion when estimating musical events that came from Zagreb and Ljubljana to Belgrade - at least not "in the name of Yugoslav ideology". In later series of SLM, the Yugoslav platform was being represented as official ideological statehood of newly created Kingdoms of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians (1918, i.e., the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1929. At that time, the Magazine had occasional literary cooperation from

  18. Functional Peculiarities of Cumulative Negation in Literary Language

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    Serebryakova Svetlana Vasilievna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article «Functional Peculiarities of Cumulative Negation in Literary Language» deals with the pragmatic potential of the cumulative negation as the stylistically specified concentration of statements of negative semantics. The latter provides statements expressiveness and realizes implicitly and explicitly the pragmatic meaning of the negative judgment. The material for the article has been the short stories by modern German writer Judith Hermann with the emphasis on the narrative «Nichts als Gespenster» which style is mainly characterized by psycologism. The language means and techniques give the insight into character’s inner world. The cumulative negation is understood as the pragmatically relevant concentration of statements with negative semantics having varied structure and conceptual significance. The negative-evaluative modus of the main character’s worldview is realized through different language and contextual negation forms: linguistic and paralinguistic, explicit and implicit, neutral and expressive, recurrent and parallel, single and multiple. Despite the weak reference, little informativeness and static character, the negative structures serve to developing the main topic of the narrative, i.e. the inner discomfort, being unsure in her feelings reciprocality and the vagueness of the main character’s future. The retrospective vector of the cumulative negation marks fragmentary, evaluationally controversial reminiscences of the main character about her three-months visit to America, and it also provides the text coherence and text-forming function

  19. Literary journeys: new excursions to the city of Luanda resignified

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    Sheila Ribeiro Jacob

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available During the period of the struggles for Angolan independence, the city of Luanda has become one of the privileged symbolic spaces of literary texts, being a reference for the construction of national identity process. After the independence, Angolan authors start to write about the disillusionment and disappointment and the new challenges for the country. In this process, Luanda also underwent reinterpretation and became the beginning to new and necessary journeys. The objective of this study is to discuss these changes concerning this symbolic space, from a brief review of José Luan­dino Vieira’s texts produced during the colonial period and two Angolan novels of the post-independence: A casa velha das margens (1999, written by Arnaldo Santos, and Mãe, materno mar (2001, written by Boaventura Cardoso. In these novels, Luanda is no longer the privileged stage of events. The focus, now, is the displacement of the characters that are the guides of both texts and the findings of themselves and of the country provided by their travels.

  20. Gadamer; Habermas and a Re-humanized Literary Scholarship

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    Roger D. Sell

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper speaks of an ongoing re-humanization of literary studies to which the work of Gadamer and Habermas can valuably contribute. True; these two thinkers themselves run the risk becoming the focus of commentaries that are aridly scholastic. True; too; they themselves tend to think of literature as an aesthetic heterocosm that is quite distinct from human communication in general. Yet human communication in general is something they certainly understand; and their profound insights into it can actually be applied to literature; in ways which they themselves have not envisaged. Especially relevant in Gadamer is his sense of the changes which can be brought about by communication; and his rehabilitation of common sense. In both Gadamer and Habermas; there is also a clear recognition of communicational dialogicality; and of communication’s sheer possibility; even between human beings who are very differently placed. To this can be added Habermas’s central insistence on ethical considerations – on human equality; on truthfulness; on trust; on fairness; on cooperativeness – as an integral dimension of communication at its most genuine. These insights can facilitate the discussion as illustrated with the writings of Dickens and T.S. Eliot.

  1. [MEDICINE IN THE LITERARY WORK OF MIGUEL TORCA].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos Muñoz, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Miguel Torga (Sao Martinho de Anta 1907 - Coimbra 1995) was one of the most important portuguese writers of the twentieth century. There is such identity between his medical and literary activity that he used to say that "his own hand not only writes but also prescribes". Reading his work, mainly autobiographical, allows us to analyze their vision of medicine, the patient physician relationship and how a doctor lives his own disease. In the first case medicine constitute an essential tool to help nature and, therefore, an instrument that makes hope possible. In the second case indicates that in the patient physician relationship are present sadness, stress, anxiety and a supreme exercise of the human condition which is the anamnesis when the patients open their intimity to the doctor. In the third case Torga's work illustrates how a physician can live his own illness as an advantage, as a judicial sentence or as a possibility. Approaching to the medicine under perspective of Miguel Torga, doctor and writer, will help us to understand medicine in a more human context in which the life of the doctor is not stranger to their patients, or to the nature and the concrete world that both share.

  2. Taking Perspective: Personal Pronouns Affect Experiential Aspects of Literary Reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartung, Franziska; Burke, Michael; Hagoort, Peter; Willems, Roel M

    2016-01-01

    Personal pronouns have been shown to influence cognitive perspective taking during comprehension. Studies using single sentences found that 3rd person pronouns facilitate the construction of a mental model from an observer's perspective, whereas 2nd person pronouns support an actor's perspective. The direction of the effect for 1st person pronouns seems to depend on the situational context. In the present study, we investigated how personal pronouns influence discourse comprehension when people read fiction stories and if this has consequences for affective components like emotion during reading or appreciation of the story. We wanted to find out if personal pronouns affect immersion and arousal, as well as appreciation of fiction. In a natural reading paradigm, we measured electrodermal activity and story immersion, while participants read literary stories with 1st and 3rd person pronouns referring to the protagonist. In addition, participants rated and ranked the stories for appreciation. Our results show that stories with 1st person pronouns lead to higher immersion. Two factors-transportation into the story world and mental imagery during reading-in particular showed higher scores for 1st person as compared to 3rd person pronoun stories. In contrast, arousal as measured by electrodermal activity seemed tentatively higher for 3rd person pronoun stories. The two measures of appreciation were not affected by the pronoun manipulation. Our findings underscore the importance of perspective for language processing, and additionally show which aspects of the narrative experience are influenced by a change in perspective.

  3. Textbooks and (In-) Equality: A Survey of Literary Readers for Elementary and Intermediate German.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clausen, Jeanette

    1982-01-01

    Examines eight literary readers published between 1970 and 1980. Comments on the inclusion of works by women writers, attitudes toward women and men, the use of sexist language, and assumptions about the students for whom these textbooks were designed. (EKN)

  4. The Psychoanalytic Concept of Transference: Its Applications in Literary and Translation Studies. Transferential Models of Reading

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lorelei Caraman-Paşca

    2013-01-01

    Drawing from various understandings of the concept of “transference” in psychoanalysis, this paper seeks to provide a critical overview of its adaptations and uses in the field of literary and translation studies...

  5. Personal Knowledge Management in the Training of Non-Literary Translators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kastberg, Peter

    2009-01-01

    to us by the German translation scholar Reiss back in the 1980s when she laconically stated that "you cannot translate what you do not understand". In this article I will discuss one particular aspect of this problem, namely how students of non-literary translation are currently taught to reach......Even if the profession of translation as a whole is divided between those who do literary translation and those who do non-literary translation, as Newmark puts it in the very first issue of this journal (2004), all translators have many things in common. Among other things they share a number...... the understanding of subject matter needed in order for them to translate non-literary texts in and for professional settings. The discussion ends with an introduction to a novel - and very pragmatic - way of integrating subject matter into translation curricula. It is my hope that I may contribute to laying...

  6. Form, Content, and Cultural Values in Three Inuit (Eskimo) Survival Stories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stott, Jon C.

    1986-01-01

    Examines three survival stories involving Inuits: Harpoon of the Hunter (Markoosie), Tikta'Liktak (Houston), and Julie of the Wolves (Craighead). Focuses on the difficulties involved in using a literary form of Anglo-American-European culture to deal with events and attitudes from a culture as different as the Inuit. (JHZ)

  7. Literary Translation and Sociolects in Limon's Version of Skubic's Fužine Blues

    OpenAIRE

    Gerečnik, Maja

    2012-01-01

    Literary translation is the most important form of intercultural communication. The translator is confronted with a difficult task: he or she has to translate the literary works and cast them, shape and form them, polish them up, and if necessary even transform them, whereas he or she still to large extent has to remain faithful to the original. At the same time he or she must function as a cultural manager in bridging the gap between both cultures. ...

  8. El pensament lingüístico-literari de Teodor Llorente

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    Vicent Salvador

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The literary-linguistic thought of the father of the Renaixença in Valencia (his conception of the socio­linguistic functions of Catalan, his vision of the unity of the language, his assessment of the various literary genre, etc. forms a coherent system and can be explained by class interests which brought the Renaixença and its modernizing perspectives to a halt in Valencia.

  9. Reading Parallel Texts in the Target Language: A Way to Improve Literary Translation Quality

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    Nazanin Shadman

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study was an attempt to investigate the effect of reading Persian literary texts on the quality of literary translations. To this end, 52 students majoring in English translation were randomly assigned to two groups. A Comprehensive English Language Test (CELT was administered to check the homogeneity of the participants. The treatment for the experimental group consisted of reading 60 Persian short stories and poems. In the meantime, the control group went through their ordinary course curriculum. Both groups were asked to translate extracts of two short stories. The translations were then rated. Through statistical analysis, it was revealed that reading Persian literary works, indeed, improves the quality of literary translations. Therefore, to promote a more fruitful instruction on literary translation, it is suggested that translation teachers attempt to consider reading Persian literary works as part of the curriculum and ask students to read Persian texts to the extent possible, so that more qualified translations would be rendered in the area of literature.

  10. Individual Differences in Sensitivity to Style During Literary Reading: Insights from Eye-Tracking

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    Emiel van den Hoven

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Style is an important aspect of literature, and stylistic deviations are sometimes labeled foregrounded, since their manner of expression deviates from the stylistic default. Russian Formalists have claimed that foregrounding increases processing demands and therefore causes slower reading – an effect called retardation. We tested this claim experimentally by having participants read short literary stories while measuring their eye movements. Our results confirm that readers indeed read slower and make more regressions towards foregrounded passages as compared to passages that are not foregrounded. A closer look, however, reveals significant individual differences in sensitivity to foregrounding. Some readers in fact do not slow down at all when reading foregrounded passages. The slowing down effect for literariness was related to a slowing down effect for high perplexity (unexpected words: those readers who slowed down more during literary passages also slowed down more during high perplexity words, even though no correlation between literariness and perplexity existed in the stories. We conclude that individual differences play a major role in processing of literary texts and argue for accounts of literary reading that focus on the interplay between reader and text.

  11. Speculative Practices: Utilizing InfoVis to Explore Untapped Literary Collections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinrichs, Uta; Forlini, Stefania; Moynihan, Bridget

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we exemplify how information visualization supports speculative thinking, hypotheses testing, and preliminary interpretation processes as part of literary research. While InfoVis has become a buzz topic in the digital humanities, skepticism remains about how effectively it integrates into and expands on traditional humanities research approaches. From an InfoVis perspective, we lack case studies that show the specific design challenges that make literary studies and humanities research at large a unique application area for information visualization. We examine these questions through our case study of the Speculative W@nderverse, a visualization tool that was designed to enable the analysis and exploration of an untapped literary collection consisting of thousands of science fiction short stories. We present the results of two empirical studies that involved general-interest readers and literary scholars who used the evolving visualization prototype as part of their research for over a year. Our findings suggest a design space for visualizing literary collections that is defined by (1) their academic and public relevance, (2) the tension between qualitative vs. quantitative methods of interpretation, (3) result- vs. process-driven approaches to InfoVis, and (4) the unique material and visual qualities of cultural collections. Through the Speculative W@nderverse we demonstrate how visualization can bridge these sometimes contradictory perspectives by cultivating curiosity and providing entry points into literary collections while, at the same time, supporting multiple aspects of humanities research processes.

  12. Juvencus and the biblical epic: specificity and literary criticism

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    Elena María Calderón de Cuervo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Latin Christian poetry has emerged in  Constantine Era and flourished between 400 and 800. It has a fundamental role in the development of literary theory and critical discourse, because, except for Prudencio, the rest of the poets of this first period has chosen by the adaptation of the classical canon to Christian themes. The Christian epic is therefore one of the first genres and begins as biblical epic. The first major work of this type is the Gospel Harmony from the Spanish poet Juvencus, until 330. This work begins a long series of biblical poetry, Latin at first, but after this there is its continuation in the vernaculars, like Caedmon, Cynewulf, The Heliand, The Passion by Clermont till Ojeda, Milton and Klopstock.The dedication to the established authority , the subordination of the art´s purpose for the salvation of the soul as well as the desire to legitimize poetry with Christian arguments remain as fundamental premises in the construction of gender. When the modern epic apear, its compromise with new theological Aporia will not lose those extraliterary requirements from provenance.Keywords: Latin Christian poetry; Constantine Era; Virgil.

  13. Racial Bias as a Determinant of Literary Preference and the Relationship of Selected Variables to Patterns of Preference and Rejection of Literary Works Whose Author's Race Is Known.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menchise, Donald Nicholas

    Fifty white students and fifty black students from the eleventh and twelfth grades were asked to rank in order of their preference ten poems written by black and white authors, each accompanied by the author's name and a picture depicting his race to determine whether knowledge of an author's race acted as a determinant of the literary preferences…

  14. KABA GOMBANG PATUANAN: AN ORAL LITERARY WORK OF MINANGKABAU PESISIR SELATAN REGENCY, WEST SUMATRA

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    Eva Krisna

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Kaba Gombang Patuana (abbreviated to KGP is a Minang literary genre whichis orally presented in the form of songs. Therefore, it is known as an intonational prose.As a piece of oral literary work, KGP needs a medium of presentation. The mediumneeded is in the form of a performance known as Pertunjukan Kak Oai (PKO, whichexists at Kenagarian Air Haji, Pesisir Selatan Regency, West Sumatra. Kaba GambangPatuanan tells about the socio cultural life of the community of Pesisir Selatan Regencyusing the local variety of Minangkabau language. The availability of the texts of KGP,the performance of PKO, and the collective community possessing such a literary workshows that the phenomenon of what is written and spoken about oral literary work isdifferent from the phenomenon of what is written and spoken about written literary work.Oral literary work cannot be approached from literary discipline only, but linguisticapproach and anthropological approach are also needed.The morphology of KGP is made up of stem of the story ‘batang curito’, branchof the story ‘dahan curito’ , and twig of the story ‘rantiang curito’. The batang curito(the stem of the story is the text of GPP as a whole. The ‘Dahan Curito’ (the branch ofthe story serves as the episodes of the story and the Ranting Curito serves as the parts ofthe episode. The functions performed by KGP are: (1 as a medium for conveying what isexpected from a king; (2 as a medium for conveying Minang tradition; (3 as a mediumfor conveying oceanic knowledge; (4 as a medium for conveying nation-lovingenthusiasm ‘chauvinism’ ; (5 as a medium for conveying henotheism towards ancestors.

  15. Children of Alchemy: (Un)Covering the Significance of the Hermetic Art in Literary Texts, East and West

    OpenAIRE

    Chung, Angela Ann Chi

    2013-01-01

    If hermetic texts are inherently “intertextual” as David Meakin has stated, then literary works referencing alchemy might also contain this same “intertextuality.” Reading such literary works together with alchemical texts would thus appear to be a fruitful endeavor. The significance of alchemy on literary works, however, has rarely been discussed, likely because a working knowledge of the hermetic art is required before undertaking any comprehensive analysis. The a...

  16. A select catalogue of applicants to the Royal Literary Fund 1790-1870 with a historical introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Cross, N.

    1980-01-01

    The Royal Literary Fund was founded in 1790 to assist authors in distress and, by so doing, to raise the status of the literary profession. This thesis has two aims; to chart the history of the Fund from its radical beginnings to its transformation into a lofty Victorian Institution which was vigorously attacked by Dickens, and to provide a guide and analysis of the archives illustrated by a selected catalogue of applicants. The archives of the Royal Literary Fund have...

  17. Labouring Under The Stone—A Literary Legacy of Lithiasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, Michael E.

    2007-04-01

    The history of mankind's suffering greatly from calculus disease has been one of excruciating longevity. Since the first historical records, humans have formed stones and endured the wrath of these concretions' passage via the delicate mechanisms of the urinary tract. This study involved detailed investigations of historical writings of famous stone sufferers to better appreciate the circumstances of our patients. Collected histories both of textbooks and articles were scrutinized for the accounts of famous stone sufferers. Once identified, primary resources were sought with English translations given preference. Cross-referencing all informational sources was attempted. The accounts were then classified as lower urinary tract (BS), upper urinary tract (KS), by century of the individual, and whether these were ancient (before 100 years ago) or recent (from the 20th Century onwards). Many of these great men and woman suffered in relative silence. Not much is available on descriptions of their colic. However, there are others such as Michel Montaigne, Erasmus of Rotterdam, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Sydenham, Sir William Osler and Richard Selzer who were able to transform their suffering into ethereal expressions of pure pain and suffering. The ancient descriptions are twofold fascinating, as the victims of stone disease faced quackery and profound ignorance from the medical profession and no effective remedy for the pain. Here again, there are two typical responses: the enlightened cerebral concerns of Montaigne, Sydenham, and Franklin versus the punitive, religious overtones from Erasmus and Pepys. Lower and upper tract stones produced equal horrors to those once thought to incur punishment from the gods, or turning to stone-like "living statues." No amount of literary expression can capture the true essence of renal colic. Medical texts from their earliest times place stone passage near the top of the pantheon of medical suffering. Each of these prolific and

  18. Critical Thinking Skills to Literary Works: A Method of Teaching Language through Literature

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    Fithriyah Inda Nur Abida

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Teaching a language has become a challenging task for the teachers to train and to teach language for their students. In present time, the ability to master a language is vital for a language is a powerful means of  communicating. Most of us will not focus on the language present in the literature part because our mind sets only towards the grammar. This has made both the teacher and students to ignore the literature part and made them to focus only on grammatical part to learn language. The urge behind using literary works in the teaching a language is to argue that the current attempts to implant literary works to the teaching of a language definitely develop students’ critical thinking in such a way that help them to easily master a particular language. Learning literary works in a classroom not only make the students learn about a story but also study how the language are structured and how its structured bring a great difference in meaning. Through a literary works student sees the language of real-life contexts. They learn the feelings, ideas, and experiences of linguistics components that give a realistic touch and help them to learn a language in a comprehensive way. It is also found that using literary works in the teaching learning process can improve student’s ability both in micro-linguistics and macro-linguistics.

  19. Poetry in Transmedial Perspective: Rethinking Intermedial Literary Studies in the Digital Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schaefer Heike

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In the digital age. literary practice proliferates across different media platforms. Contemporary literary texts are written, circulated and rea|d in a variety of media, ranging from traditional print formats to online environments. This essay explores the implications that the transmedial dispersal of literary culture has for intermedial literary studies. If literature no longer functions as a unified single medium (if it ever did but unfolds in a multiplicity of media, concepts central to intermediality studies, such as media specificity, media boundaries and media change, have to be reconsidered. Taking as its test case the adaptation of E. E. Cummings’s experimental poetry in Alison Clifford’s new media artwork The Sweet Old Etcetera as well as in YouTube clips, the essay argues for a reconceptualization of contemporary literature as a transmedial configuration or network. Rather than think of literature as a single self-contained medium that engages in intermedial exchange and competition with other media, such as film or music, we can better understand how literature operates and develops in the digital age if we recognize the medial heterogeneity and transmedial distribution of literary practice.

  20. 'Why, why did you have me treated?': the psychotic experience in a literary narrative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaptein, A A; Koopman, J J E; Weinman, J A; Gosselink, M J

    2011-12-01

    In this paper, the authors suggest an approach that may be helpful in teaching medical humanities to medical students. In the context of an honours class on medicine and literature, students (1) read a novel on an illness, (2) interviewed a patient with the medical condition described in the novel and (3) wrote an essay on the biomedical, narrative and literary aspects of these sources of information. The authors compared the story of Chekhov's literary protagonist Kovrin in The Black Monk with the personal story of patient H., who was diagnosed with schizophrenia. The narratives of the two patients were compared, based on Chekhov's literary narrative and the narrative of the patient. Both patients appeared to somehow regret losing their symptoms, following various psychiatric treatments. Both narratives show the ambivalence between the gain and loss that adequate psychiatric treatment may bring. Studying novels and other literary sources may help in understanding the story of the patient better, with associated improvements in various aspects of medical outcome. Reading literary fiction may help to increase an understanding of patients' emotions, experiences, cognitions and perspectives. It may also reduce the emotional distance between the self and the patient. The educational approach that was explored in the authors' honours class may be helpful to others when developing methods for teaching medical humanities to (medical) students.

  1. Survival Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Miller, Rupert G

    2011-01-01

    A concise summary of the statistical methods used in the analysis of survival data with censoring. Emphasizes recently developed nonparametric techniques. Outlines methods in detail and illustrates them with actual data. Discusses the theory behind each method. Includes numerous worked problems and numerical exercises.

  2. Modelling survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashauer, Roman; Albert, Carlo; Augustine, Starrlight

    2016-01-01

    well GUTS, calibrated with short-term survival data of Gammarus pulex exposed to four pesticides, can forecast effects of longer-term pulsed exposures. Thirdly, we tested the ability of GUTS to estimate 14-day median effect concentrations of malathion for a range of species and use these estimates...

  3. The evolution of conceptions about space and time in literary theory

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    Lazić Nebojša J.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This work considers the function of space and time in poetics of literary text from the antique period till the theory of deconstruction as well as from Aristotle till Jacques Derrida and Paul de Man. The science of literature did not equally treat the problem of space and the problem of time as the elements of the literary work's structure. Disbalance presents the damage of studying the space because there is a significant number of monographs about time. Since the categories of space and time are the areas of studying physical and spiritual sciences, it was necessary to pay attention to considering these questions in exact sciences such as Physics, Maths etc. Further development of the science of literature is not possible without describing the role of space and time in writing and shaping a literary text. .

  4. The Inter-Semiotic Negotiation between the Literary and the Cinematographic Image

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    Carmen DOMINTE

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Considering the postmodern perspective, a text or a discourse never ends, but continues in other texts and discourses. Besides the physical limits, any literary text or discourse develops in a literary system of references belonging to other texts or discourses. The concept of inter-semiotic negotiation describes the process of inter-action realized between two semiotic systems and shows that the meaning generated from one system can be transposed into another semiotic system and, even more, from the writer to the reader, and even further, from the director to the spectator, but mediated through different types of codes. Transferring the aesthetic meaning from one form of art (literature to another (cinematography, there are specific changes for the artistic manner of performance and reception but the common element that may link both arts is represented by the image: literary and cinematographic.

  5. Annotation of toponyms in TEI digital literary editions and linking to the web of data

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    Frontini, Francesca

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to discuss the challenges and benefits of the annotation of place names in literary texts and literary criticism. We shall first highlight the problems of encoding spatial information in digital editions using the TEI format by means of two manual annotation experiments and the discussion of various cases. This will lead to the question of how to use existing semantic web resources to complement and enrich toponym mark-up, in particular to provide mentions with precise georeferencing. Finally the automatic annotation of a large corpus will show the potential of visualizing places from texts, by illustrating an analysis of the evolution of literary life from the spatial and geographical point of view.

  6. Rooted Deep: Discovering the Literary Identity of Mythopoeic Fantasist George Macdonald

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    Jeffrey Johnson Kirstin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a conversational reassessment of George MacDonald, the Victorian fantasist who so profoundly shaped such writers as C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien. Primary research challenges the common portrayal of MacDonald as an accidental novelist, revealing instead his clear trajectory and vocation as a devoted literary scholar. Clarifying the definition of mythopoeic as applied by the Oxford Inklings to MacDonald draws attention to their conviction that attentive response to one’s literary roots is what engenders novel literature with transformative potential. Further research proves this to be in keeping with the work and legacy of MacDonald and his mentor A.J. Scott. An intentional participation in this relational nature of literary tradition is a crucial element of the work and legacy to which the Inklings and their successors are heirs.

  7. Literary Routes: Contributions to Natural/Cultural Heritage Tourism. How landscape transforms literature and tourism

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    Rosalinda Ruiz Scarfuto

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Literary routes inspired by landscapes is a topic where cultural and natural routes merge to form an added value of heritage that is greater than either one standing alone.  Landscape is traditionally defined as a consequence of transformations by humans, and its scope rarely takes into account how nature has inspired literature to advance the “intellectual development of humankind,” hence transforming heritage.  Literary routes paralleling transhumance routes embraced by the Sami, First Nations, or Spanish shepherds (full of landscapes, seascapes, and riverscapes, can actively transmit traditional technologies, biodiversity, and cosmic philosophy for the betterment of humankind; for example, the depth of literary heritage inspired by landscapes enhances our collective memory through a network of archives (libraries, collections.  The continuous dissemination of this literature traversing borders, language barriers, and time periods has stimulated literary routes to emerge as a function of moving the experience from an intangible heritage based on imaginary landscapes to a tangible sensory experience in situ following a plot, author’s life, or a myth. Literary routes respond to the demand of the growing target travellers, who are more literate and active today than in the past. They are excited followers of their favourite writers, and seek ways to be in contact with them. Now it is time to rekindle the collective memory, expand the literary dimension, and offer a sensorial in situ experience by adding a literary link. For instance, myths of the Ohlone Nation based near a California wetlands use the symbolic coyote as the intermediary to teach humans how to live in harmony with their ecosystem; or in Spain, Arcipreste de Hita’s novel El Libro de Buen Amor (1330 describes traditions and gastronomy as it criss-crosses the Guadarrama mountains, alongside the Poets’ Route that includes international Nobel prize winners in literature

  8. USING AUTHENTIC LITERARY WORKS FOR THE FORMATION OF LEXICAL COMPETENCE OF FUTURE GERMAN LANGUAGE TEACHERS

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    Антоніна Палецька-Юкало

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the advantages of use of authentic literary works as the main sphere of learning and improvement of foreign language vocabulary.The definition of lexical competence has been suggested. The possibilities for perceiving and analysis of such language phenomena as synonyms, antonyms, polisemic words, lexical links, linguistic clichés non-equivalent and emotionally colored vocabulary of authentic literary works as the basis of the formation of German lexical competence of future teachers have been grounded. The process of investigation has revealed that lexical contents of authentic literary works contribute to a comprehensive dictionary and learning connected speech structures, provide frequent repetition of lexical items, and create a sense of language.

  9. Medicine in the literary work of José Luis Sampedro

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    Josep E BAÑOS

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available José Luis Sampedro (1917-2013 was a Spanish economist who wrote literary works since his youth, although the public success did not reach him until his maturity. His father was physician and Sampedro himself was interested in becoming medical doctor during a time. Many of his literary works contain references to medicine and physiology, especially two of them, La sonrisa etrusca (1985 and Monte Sinaí (1995. In the first, Sampedro analyzed the effects of a severe disease in an elderly man, and how his illness experience is modulated by his grandson. In the second, he described his stay in the Mount Sinai Hospital after a severe endocarditis that threatened his life. The narrative shows the emotions associated with the vital threaten and how the human contact relieved them. This paper analyzes these two literary works but also some of the other novels and autobiographical works.

  10. Tragedy and the sovereignty of God: Christian literary criticism and the concept of tragedy

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    I. Haarhoff

    1979-03-01

    Full Text Available A Christian approach to literature is easily confused with a theological approach. There are many dangers implicit in such an approach. Sallie McFague TeSelle says the following about theologians who presume to violate the bounds of both theology and literature by attempting literary criticism: “There is no reason to suppose that those trained in theology, or philosophy for that matter, are likely to possess, what is essential to the practice of literary criticism, that ‘sensitiveness of the intelligence’ described by Matthew Arnold as equivalent to conscience in moral matters. A theological training seems to have a disabling effect and has subsequently to be struggled against when literary criticism is the concern.” (TeSelle 1966:4.

  11. The teacher's role in selecting a methodological approach to the interpretation of a literary work

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    Stakić Mirjana M.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper looks at the teacher's role in selecting a methodological approach to the interpretation of a literary work. The choice of methodological approach is dependent on: 1 the semiotic structure of the literary text; 2 the specific educational goals of interpretation; 3 the students' age, psychophysical abilities and knowledge, and 4 the planned circumstances of instruction. In selecting a method of interpretation, the teacher should take into consideration not only these factors, but also contemporary literary theory and its methodological apparatus. This can be a challenging task whose fulfillment does not guarantee that the interpretation will be successful, since the validity and functionality of the methodological approach cannot be established in theory but rather through teaching practice. It is up to the teacher to be creative, because a literary work cannot be interpreted by means of a single method but always through a combination of methods, certain of which have their origins in literary theory. There is a widespread belief among teachers that these methods, which have the status of technical/special methods in literary methodology, cannot be used in the first four grades of elementary school. This paper offers an example illustrating that the interpretive model can be used as early as first grade. A teacher's knowledge, as well as their creativity in selecting a method and their openness to creative methodological combinations and skill in applying them, directly affect the effectiveness of interpretation, either succeeding in developing a fondness for books and reading, or, failing that, resulting in a permanent loss of interest in the world of literature.

  12. Border Crossing in Contemporary Brazilian Culture: Global Perspectives from the Twenty-First Century Literary Scene

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    Cimara Valim de Melo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This paper investigates the process of internationalisation of Brazilian literature in the twenty-first century from the perspective of the publishing market. For this, we analyse how Brazil has responded to globalisation and what effects of cultural globalisation can be seen in the Brazilian literary scene, focusing on the novel. Observing the movement of the novelists throughout the globe, the reception of Brazilian literature in the United Kingdom and the relations between art and the literary market in Brazil, we intend to provoke some reflections on Brazilian cultural history in the light of the twenty-first century.

  13. The Aesthetic Experience of the Literary Artwork: A Matter of Form and Content?

    OpenAIRE

    Verheyen, Leen

    2015-01-01

    Ever since the introduction of aesthetics in philosophy, the literary arts have posed a challenge to common notions of aesthetic experience. In this paper, I will focus on the problems that arise when a formalist approach to aesthetics is confronted with literature. My main target is Peter Kivy's ‘essay in literary aesthetics’ Once-Told Tales, in which Kivy defends formalism and concludes from this approach that literature is a non-aesthetic art form. Contrary to Kivy, I will claim that we ha...

  14. Spains Dramatic Conquest of the Dutch Republic. Rodenburgh as a Literary Mediator of Spanish Culture

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    Tim Vergeer

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Theodore Rodenburgh was in an exceptional position to become a literary mediator of Spanish poetics. He introduced the comedia nueva in the Dutch Republic at the beginning of the seventeenth century. This article investigates specifically how Rodenburgh dealt with Lope de Vega’s poetics, transforming them to make them fit the Dutch literary tradition. Through translation, adaptation and acculturation, the Iberian comedias became Dutch tragicomedies, plays that would become most popular in the Dutch Republic. Rodenburgh’s endeavours mark the initial phase of the transfer of the comedia nueva to the Dutch Republic.

  15. The Psychoanalytic Concept of Transference: Its Applications in Literary and Translation Studies. Transferential Models of Reading

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    Lorelei Caraman-Paşca

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Drawing from various understandings of the concept of “transference” in psychoanalysis, this paper seeks to provide a critical overview of its adaptations and uses in the field of literary and translation studies. Focusing on some of the transferential models of reading and translation, it aims to show both how psychoanalysis and literature may inform one another, as well as how the critical reading or the literary translation may be viewed, not as a passive act, but as a two-way relationship characterized by intricate dynamics. In this new perspective, reading therefore becomes a space of the unconscious, while the unconscious becomes a space of reading.

  16. BETWEEN MEMORY AND DESIRE OF INVISIBLE CITIES: A LITERARY SCENOGRAPHY SPEECH

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    Ernani Cesar de Freitas

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The theme of this article proposes producing thinking and innovation in the field of literary studies. The objective was to review (s set design (s of the work Invisible Cities, Calvino, a (s which one (s are constructed in a nonlinear manner, through the recognition that hypertext is present in a written form, using concepts of scenography (MAINGUENEAU, 2006 and hypertext (LÉVY, 2009;  LÉVY, 2010. The study shows that we need to rethink the conventionality of the utopian literary text is based on linearity

  17. Meningitis, a whirlpool of death: literary reflections and Russian cultural beliefs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zagvazdin, Yuri

    2013-01-01

    Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that cover the central nervous system. The most frequent causes of the disease are viruses and bacteria. In the past, the disease was commonly referred to as "brain fever" or "brain inflammation," and extreme temperatures, sun, rain, mental distress, and other factors were believed to be its potent triggers. By the beginning of the twentieth century, these beliefs faded away in the United States and most western European countries. In contrast, some of these archaic notions persist in Russia, where cold air, draft, wet hair, and failure to cover one's head with a hat during winter are perceived as serious risks for contracting meningitis. These sentiments are reflected in the prose of Solzhenitsyn and other contemporary Russian authors. However, in the fictional literature of the nineteenth century, emotional or intellectual disturbances rather than the wrath of winter were portrayed worldwide as the most frequent cause of brain inflammation. Both physicians and laity blamed nervous breakdown or mental distress for the development of meningitis and the tragic deaths of the eminent Russian writer Gogol, talented poet Nadson, and heir to the Imperial throne Grand Duke Nicholas Romanov. Even in the twentieth century, esteemed Russian artists, including Pasternak, Paustovsky, and Roerich, highlighted this belief. Following the discovery of the infectious nature of meningitis, fictional depictions of the illness changed. While literary accounts of brain inflammation by the realists (e.g., Dostoevsky and Flaubert) were rather imprecise, the descriptions of the course and symptoms of meningitis by the modernists (e.g., Balmont, Hesse, and Huxley) became detailed and recognizable. Typically, the victim of the disease is a boy, and his imminent agony is preceded by immense suffering that devastates his parents. The dreadful experience of seeing children in the merciless clutches of meningitis had a profound

  18. Des convenances du discours litteraire a la classe de langue (From Literary Conventions to the Language Class).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besse, Henri

    1982-01-01

    Notes that literary discourse plays only a marginal role in French foreign language instruction. Suggests why the literary text is closely related to the process of learning a foreign language, which is work on and with the language. Discusses specific didactic processes that are internal and external to the work. (AMH)

  19. 37 CFR 201.13 - Notices of objection to certain noncommercial performances of nondramatic literary or musical works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... certain noncommercial performances of nondramatic literary or musical works. 201.13 Section 201.13 Patents... preventing the noncommercial performance of a nondramatic literary or musical work under certain... musical work or works, to the performance of which the copyright owner thereof is lodging objection; a...

  20. Foxing the child : the cultural transmission of pedagogical norms and values in Dutch rewritings of literary classics for children 1850-1950

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Parlevliet, Sanne

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the reciprocity between children's literature and educational ideals in Dutch rewritings of international literary classics published for children between 1850 and 1950. It analyses the assumed pedagogical power of rewritings of international literary classics for children from

  1. USE OF LITERARY TEXTS IN FRENCH LANGUAGE TEACHING / UTILISATION DES TEXTES LITTERAIRES DANS ENSEIGNEMENT DE FLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan ATMACA

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The emergence and the development of foreign language learning-teaching have clearly a deep history. From past to present, all the politic, economic, social and cultural events played an important role in the process of foreign language teaching. During this process, several new methods have been emerged and they have been used in foreign languae teaching. The teaching of a foreign language had a different goal in each period of methods. To reach this goal, each method has used different type of documents. One of these documents is the literary text. When observed tehese methods, we see that most of the methods used literary texts in french language teaching. The use of litearay texts in foreign language teaching is a concequence of the new tendencies in the field of language teaching. In this study, we talked about the place of literary texts in the methods of FFL and examined their function and purpose in the methods. Then we tried to analyze the use of literary texts in language class. As a result it is possible to say that the literay text has an important place as a teaching material in foreign language teaching.

  2. Building reading resilience : re-thinking reading for the literary studies classroom

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Douglas, Kate; Barnett, Tully; Poletti, Anna; Seaboyer, Judith; Kennedy, Rosanne

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces the concept of ‘reading resilience’: students’ ability to read and interpret complex and demanding literary texts by drawing on advanced, engaged, critical reading skills. Reading resilience is a means for rethinking the place and pedagogies of close reading in the contemporary

  3. Toppling Teacher Domination of Primary Classroom Talk through Dialogic Literary Gatherings in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargreaves, Linda; García-Carrión, Rocío

    2016-01-01

    Dialogic Literary Gatherings (DLGs), first implemented by Ramon Flecha, have proved to be a "successful educational action" (SEA) for inclusion, social cohesion and raising children's attainment in several European and Latin American countries. This article reports their implementation in England and their consistent and dramatic…

  4. Literatura a digitální kultura: Potřebujeme digital literary studies?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Piorecký, Karel

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 63, č. 6 (2015), s. 935-949 ISSN 0009-0468 R&D Projects: GA ČR GPP406/12/P603 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : digital culture * postdigital culture * literary system * digital humanities Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  5. English Syllabus Interpretation: The Relationship between Literary Theories and Teacher Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ireland, Jill; O'Sullivan, Kerry-Ann; Duchesne, Susan

    2017-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between the literary theories underpinning an English syllabus and teachers' personal epistemologies and pedagogical beliefs. The study discussed here used semi-structured interviews and an online survey to investigate 50 New South Wales teachers' views of the theoretical basis of a senior English syllabus that…

  6. Hey, you! The Germans! Using Literary Pragmatics to Teach Language as Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, Chantelle

    2009-01-01

    In this paper the author outlines a sample lesson that has been developed for second- or third-year German students using the short satirical vignette "Hurra, ich lebe in Deutschland" from the Turkish-German author Sinasi Dikmen's book of the same name. The lesson draws heavily from literary pragmatics, an area of applied linguistics which studies…

  7. Semiotics of Umberto Eco in a Literary Translation Class: The Model Reader as the Competent Translator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozturk Kasar, Sündüz; Can, Alize

    2017-01-01

    Classroom environment can be thought as an absolute place to practice and improve translation skills of students. They have the possibility to brainstorm and discuss problematic points they face with each other during a translation activity. It can be estimated in the same way in a literary translation class. Students who are supposed to become…

  8. Russia's Literary Genius Alexander Pushkin: The Great-Grandson of an African Slave.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lounsbery, Anne

    2000-01-01

    Alexander Pushkin, Russia's most celebrated literary figure, descended from an African slave. On both parents' sides, he was related to Avram Petrovich Gannibal, who was born to an African prince and abducted to become a slave to a Russian diplomat. Pushkin chose to pride himself on both his aristocratic life and his African ancestry. (SM)

  9. Literary Theory and the Notion of Difficulty. Report Series 4.7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Touponce, William

    The works of French literary theorists Jacques Lacan, Jacques Derrida, and Roland Barthes reflect a view of the text as the primary object of investigation for any discipline in the human sciences. Each of the three has been involved with pedagogical reforms within French cultural institutions: Derrida with the teaching of philosophy, Lacan with…

  10. Fairies and Pirates to the Rescue--Carol Hughes Revives Literary Traditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabbert, Reinbert

    2000-01-01

    Considers how a modern author succeeds in giving new life to traditional motifs and patterns. Discusses the first book by Carol Hughes, "Toots and the Upside Down House." Discusses the practice of adopting patterns and motifs of literary traditions. Considers features of postmodernism and biographical implications in her work. (SC)

  11. Literary drafts, genetic criticism and computational technology. The Beckett Digital Manuscript Project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sichani, Anna-Maria

    2017-01-01

    This article addresses the Beckett Digital Manuscript Project, an evolving project, currently comprising a series of digital genetic editions of Samuel Beckett’s bilingual literary drafts and a digital library. Following the genetic school of editing, the project’s goal is to explore and represent

  12. How Low Can You Go? Literary Limbo and the Flash Writing Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cocchiarale, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Flash writing--short narratives of less than 2000 words--is extremely popular these days. This essay describes a multi-genre course designed to introduce undergraduate students to a genre they will undoubtedly find appealing. Although the primary focus of the course is on creative writing, a great deal of emphasis is placed on literary analysis.…

  13. Literary Reading Activities of Good and Weak Students: A Think Aloud Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Tanja; Braaksma, Martine; Rijlaarsdam, Gert

    2006-01-01

    In this study we examined how good and weak students of literature interact with short literary stories. We focused on differences in the use of cognitive and affective reading activities, and in the extent to which good and weak students adapt their activities to (parts of) the story they are reading. 19 Dutch tenth-grade students from 8 classes…

  14. Analytical Study of the Status of Myth in the Creation of Literary and Artistic Works

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moghaddam, Sedigheh Sherkat; Abai, Andia

    2016-01-01

    The prevalent question raised in literary theories has been the quiddity of literature. However, the question of "what is literature?" is a philosophical issue. On the other hand, the relationship between myth and literature has always been raised by most scholars and many have considered literature a subtype of myths. In this paper,…

  15. The Actualization of Literary Learning Model Based on Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Ihsan Halil

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is inspired by Howard Gardner's concept of linguistic intelligence and also from some authors' previous writings. All of them became the authors' reference in developing ideas on constructing a literary learning model based on linguistic intelligence. The writing of this article is not done by collecting data empirically, but by developing and constructing an existing concept, namely the concept of linguistic intelligence, which is disseminated into a literature-based learning of verbal-linguistic intelligence. The purpose of this paper is to answer the question of how to apply the literary learning model based on the verbal-linguistic intelligence. Then, regarding Gardner's concept, the author formulated a literary learning model based on the verbal-linguistic intelligence through a story-telling learning model with five steps namely arguing, discussing, interpreting, speaking, and writing about literary works. In short, the writer draw a conclusion that learning-based models of verbal-linguistic intelligence can be designed with attention into five components namely (1 definition, (2 characteristics, (3 teaching strategy, (4 final learning outcomes, and (5 figures.

  16. Can Literary, Nay, Poetic, Translation Be Taught? A Conference Interpreter Thinks [So].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viaggio, Sergio

    One professional translator's experiences in teaching a course on the problems of English/Spanish literary translation, using a number of Spanish and Russian poems and short stories and their different kinds of translations for texts are discussed. The process of analyzing the literature for translation difficulties is outlined, as well as…

  17. Combining Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing to Assess Literary Text Comprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balyan, Renu; McCarthy, Kathryn S.; McNamara, Danielle S.

    2017-01-01

    This study examined how machine learning and natural language processing (NLP) techniques can be leveraged to assess the interpretive behavior that is required for successful literary text comprehension. We compared the accuracy of seven different machine learning classification algorithms in predicting human ratings of student essays about…

  18. News OSOFISAN AND THE PARADOX OF A LITERARY STYLE Eni K

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    which leads to a literature of activism that is committed to fighting for one form of freedom or the other while being enslaved within the same bonds from which the playwright is seeking a release. It is the submission of this paper that, Nigerian literary drama .... philosophies, represented by the government established by the.

  19. Libraries and Literary Outcomes: A Crucial Intersection in the Cultural Field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galligan, Anne

    This paper examines the processes of interaction and exchange that are involved in the creation and circulation of literary and scholarly works, texts that contribute to the Australian information commons. For this purpose, the paper refers to specific aspects of the scholarly work cycle of the Australian historian, Henry Reynolds, and comments on…

  20. Primo Levi and the Periodic Table: Teaching Chemistry Using A Literary Text (Excerpt)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osorio, Viktoria Klara Lakatos; Tiedemann, Peter Wilhelm; Porto, Paulo Alves

    2007-01-01

    The excerpts from The Periodic Table book written by Primo Levi is discussed related to chemical concepts. The use of a literary text as a starting point of discussions of chemical concepts has allowed the integration of various topics covered in separate courses of the undergraduate program in chemistry.

  1. The Publish-It-Yourself Handbook: Literary Tradition & How-To, Without Commercial or Vanity Publishers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Bill, Ed.

    The tradition of self-publishing is represented in this book, which describes the publishing adventures of 26 writers who have sold up to hundreds of thousands of copies of their works. Included are a winner of the National Book Award for Nonfiction, a cookbook author, a literary agent, a playwright, authors of instructional books, minority-group…

  2. Images of the Negro in American Literature. Patterns of Literary Criticism, No. 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Seymour L. , Ed.; Hardy, John Edward, Ed.

    The 15 studies in this collection investigate the various images of the Negro in American literature--images which range from streotype to archetype. In the first six studies, critics discuss the literary tradition of the Negro in colonial literature (Milton Cantor), in the Southern novel prior to 1850 (Tremaine McDowell), in literature of the…

  3. Current Practices in Instruction in the Literary Braille Code University Personnel Preparation Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenblum, L. Penny; Lewis, Sandra; D'Andrea, Frances Mary

    2010-01-01

    University instructors were surveyed to determine the requirements for their literary braille courses. Twenty-one instructors provided information on the textbooks they used; how they determined errors; reading proficiency requirements; and other pertinent information, such as methods of assessing mastery of the production of braille using a…

  4. Literary Conversations in the Classroom: Deepening Understanding of Nonfiction and Narrative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barone, Diane; Barone, Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    Combining research with real-life classroom examples, this book demonstrates how high-level conversations centered on fiction and nonfiction can promote students' understanding and help them meet and exceed a spectrum of standards. The authors demonstrate how to use literary conversations in small, heterogeneous groups to address multiple…

  5. Literature as a Network: Creative-Writing Scholarship in Literary Magazines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Harriett E.

    2014-01-01

    With the increase in undergraduate and graduate programs for creative writing at institutions of higher education in North America, literary journals and magazines now serve as leading scholarly publishing outlets and research resources for creative-writing faculty and students. This study analyzes ten years of citations from nineteen leading…

  6. Literary and Historical 3D Digital Game-Based Learning: Design Guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neville, David O.; Shelton, Brett E.

    2010-01-01

    As 3D digital game-based learning (3D-DGBL) for the teaching of literature and history gradually gains acceptance, important questions will need to be asked regarding its method of design, development, and deployment. This article offers a synthesis of contemporary pedagogical, instructional design, new media, and literary-historical theories to…

  7. ‘It’s Alive!’ New Materialism and Literary Horror

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sencindiver, Susan Yi

    2017-01-01

    Pivoting on the primacy of matter as an underexplored question, both new materialist thought and literary Horror’s predilection for probing materialities in lurid detail provide ample purchase for rethinking the matter of matter, and their convergence may open new refreshing lines of inquiry in H...

  8. Editing Identity: Literary Anthologies and the Construction of the Author in Meiji Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Des Jardin, Molly Catherine

    2012-01-01

    "Editing Identity: Literary Anthologies and the Construction of the Author in Meiji Japan" problematizes widespread acceptance of anthologies of authors' "complete works" as both transparent and authoritative compendia of Japanese literature. In the Meiji period (1868-1912), they enjoyed a sudden boom in popularity and have…

  9. Literary Translation, Translating Culture: The Case of Shahriyar, the Famous Iranian Azeri Poet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kianbakht, Saijad

    2016-01-01

    A literary translation is a device of art used to release the text from its dependence on prior cultural knowledge (Herzfeld, 2003). The present research investigates the use of pragmatic equivalence in two translations of the Azeri Turkish long poem "Haydar Babaye Salam" by "Shahriyar." Based on Koller's theory of equivalence…

  10. Readings on Jane Austen. The Greenhaven Press Literary Companion to British Authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swisher, Clarice, Ed.

    Designed for young adults, this book on Jane Austen's novels is one of an anthology series providing accessible resources for students researching great literary lives and works. Contributing writers' essays in the book are taken from a wide variety of sources and are edited to accommodate the reading and comprehension levels of young adults; each…

  11. Usages possible d'un texte litteraire (Possible Uses of a Literary Text).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirpalani, Marie-Claudette

    1984-01-01

    A French short story is used to illustrate several possible levels of study for a single literary text: linguistic analysis, textual analysis, and analysis of uses of the romantic form. The approach suggested integrates these levels so that each is enriched by the perspectives offered by the others. (MSE)

  12. latin American literary testimony: historical foreshadowing of gender in the revolutionary discourse of the sixties

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    Victoria García

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The foundation of testimonio in Latin American literary field, initiated at the end of the ‘60, makes part of the institutionalization of the Cuban revolution, process where its projection to the rest of Latin America constitued a central problem. This paper studies political preconditions of testimonio. In particular, it analizes certain aspects of Cuban revolutionary discourse that anticipate features eventually developed by the literary genre, in the ways the relation between literature and politics is represented, and in the subjects of discourse that are proposed as embodiments of such relation. The paper introduces the question of Cuban revolution, as regards the exemplary status it acquired in Latin America during the sixties. Then, it examines the literary positioning represented by testimonio, as the corollary of a reflexive reconsideration operated by some Latin American writers and critics, concerning their historical role. Finally, it considers three representative documents of Cuban revolution and its continental projection: History will absolve me, by Fidel Castro, and Reminiscences of the Cuban revolutionary war and Bolivian diary, by Ernesto Guevara. We show the textual configuration of a revolutionary subject whose legitimity emerges not only from a political experience which testimony enunciates, but also from particular ways of living and representing literature in the context of a revolutionary practice. In the end of the sixties, the continental literary field would reaffirm such features as its discourse legitimating criteria, during the institutionalization of testimonio as its privileged genre.

  13. Framing Egypt : Roman literary perceptions of Egypt from Cicero to Juvenal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leemreize, M.E.C.

    2016-01-01

    This is a comprehensive study of Roman literary references to Egypt without preference for one particular period, author or subject, in contrast to most previous scholarship. In doing so, it shows that these references vary greatly, are context-dependent, and cannot be rightly understood when

  14. Hitting the Hot Spots: Literary Tourism as a Research Field with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Literary tourism is a new field in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, and South ... Such a research agenda carries with it complex questions: how to define a 'local' ... has exciting possibilities within KwaZulu-Natal, and which could offer a potential

  15. De l'exercice ecrit au texte litteraire (From Written Exercises to Literary Texts).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapotot, Franck

    1981-01-01

    Proposes a novel approach to the teaching of writing for advanced language classes. This approach leads students working in pairs through various exercises that enable them to produce a text with given style characteristics. Students' texts are then discussed in class and finally compared with suitable literary models. (MES)

  16. Household Scribes and the Production of Literary Manuscripts in Early Modern England

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    Marcy L. North

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In early modern English households, literate servants such as tutors, chaplains, stewards, secretaries, and ladies in waiting were well positioned to assist their employers in the assembly and copying of verse miscellanies, anthologies, and other literary manuscripts. Looking at several literary manuscripts, some with known servant contributions and others that suggest the participation of household retainers, the essay explores the likelihood that literate servants often performed scribal tasks above and beyond their formal job descriptions, even serving as scribe for their employers’ hobbies and leisure activities. Although copying was an arduous task, servants appear to have viewed these duties not simply as part of their job but also as gift exchanges, as appeals for promotion or patronage, and as a means by which they might gain access to manuscript literature and literary circles. Studies of early modern letter writing have called attention to many of the copy tasks of literate household servants, but the integral role of literate servants in the collection, copying, and preservation of literary manuscripts deserves much more attention.

  17. The Views of Literary Critics and Poets on Naguib al-Kilani (Arabic

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    Dr. Salma Anjum

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dr. Najib Al- Kailani (1931-1995 is one of the prominent poet and writer of Arabic literature. The multidimensionality of his personality is rare example of the history of Islamic literature. He was a renowned poet, writer, a medical professional, a thinker and overall a great human being. He laid the foundation of the Islamic literature and introduced a sound methodology. His precious literary works in Arabic and Islamic school of thought made his personality more prominent. He not only discusses the issues and challenges faced by Egyptian Muslims but also covers the whole Islamic world and as well as those Muslims who are in minority in their countries. His literary works are a good source of knowledge for not only the general readers but for the intellectuals and writers as well. Research works are being carried out on different dimensions of his personality in different ways by the different universities in the world. Research articles and discussions are being carried out and conferences are also organized in different Arab countries in the memory of Dr Najib Al-Kailani. Kailani was paid rich tributes by Arab writers and thinkers for his unique wealth of literary works. In this article we present the views of Arabian writers about his literary status.

  18. The Necessity of the Literary Tradition: Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One-Hundred Years of Solitude."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jupp, James C.

    2000-01-01

    Argues that literature from other countries, taught as multicultural literature, must be taught in the context of its own literary tradition in order to provide high-quality academic instruction. Offers an example with Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One-Hundred Years of Solitude" to show how teaching multicultural literature can live up to…

  19. Representation of Social Realities of Latin America in Marquez's Literary Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghaei, Mohammad B.

    2015-01-01

    Gabriel Garcia Marquez is always keen on presenting to the people the various facets of their history. His literary language acts as effective means for describing the critical historical aspects of Latin America because the legacy of colonialism had destroyed so many important traces of the native culture of that area. This has led him to search…

  20. The Actualization of Literary Learning Model Based on Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hali, Nur Ihsan

    2017-01-01

    This article is inspired by Howard Gardner's concept of linguistic intelligence and also from some authors' previous writings. All of them became the authors' reference in developing ideas on constructing a literary learning model based on linguistic intelligence. The writing of this article is not done by collecting data empirically, but by…

  1. Critical Literacy as an Approach to Literary Study in the Multicultural, High-School Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locke, Terry; Cleary, Alison

    2011-01-01

    As an approach to literary study, critical literacy is not a widespread practice in New Zealand secondary schools. This article draws on a major project on teaching literature in the multicultural classroom that take place over two years in 2008-2009. In it we report on a case study where a Year 13 English teacher designed and tested a novel…

  2. The World of Business and Commerce as Seen by French Literary Authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elton, Maurice G. A.

    It is argued that while it is important to make the French second language curriculum relevant to today's world, it is also important not to neglect the cultural and literary components of the traditional French major, including those learning French for business. In light of this, several French novels, plays, and stories in which business is a…

  3. Reading and Interpretive Response to Literary Text: Drawing upon Sociocultural Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blue, Elfreda V.

    2012-01-01

    Students read text through the sociocultural perspective from which they emerge. They interpret the text that is read through personal and cultural cues, through experiences acquired within a particular cultural context. When no cultural cues are familiar, students have difficulty identifying with and understanding literary text. In…

  4. Pupils' Knowledge and Spoken Literary Response beyond Polite Meaningless Words: Studying Yeats's "Easter, 1916"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, John

    2016-01-01

    This article presents research exploring the knowledge pupils bring to texts introduced to them for literary study, how they share knowledge through talk, and how it is elicited by the teacher in the course of an English lesson. It sets classroom discussion in a context where new examination requirements diminish the relevance of social, cultural…

  5. Playful Words: The Educational Significance of Children's Linguistic and Literary Play

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Michael

    2009-01-01

    This article is the text of a keynote address given to the North Dakota Study Group on Evaluation at its annual conference in Chicago in February 2009. Three examples of children's linguistic and literary playfulness are examined, two from England and one from the USA. The article explores the radical implications of these examples for primary…

  6. Literary destigmatisation of mental illness: A study of the writings of Jayakanthan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somasundaram, O

    2013-07-01

    National and international associations of psychiatry are busy formulating and executing anti-stigma measures and activities. Literary works of creative artists could be utilised for this purpose. This article based on the writings of a popular Tamil writer Jayakanthan discusses some of his works in relation to this.

  7. The Fight's Not Always Fixed: Using Literary Response to Transcend Standardized Test Scores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avila, JuliAnna

    2012-01-01

    In 2004, the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) concluded that "literature reading is fading as a meaningful activity, especially among younger people." How can educators continue to teach students about the power of literary response when the priority is for them to achieve proficiency on standardized tests, whose scores can only be narrowly…

  8. Art-Literary Interface: The Creative Muse of Uche Okeke Through ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper I approach art through some literary expositions of Uche Okeke. These expositions, I argue, are a direct influence of Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart which Okeke illustrated in 1958. The paper postulates that Uli could present as a dominant ideology in the artistic genre if one juxtaposes it with the Western ...

  9. Reacting in Literary Studies: Crossing the Threshold from Quality to Meaning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinert, Jennifer; Chick, Nancy L.

    2017-01-01

    In this essay, the authors extend their ongoing conversations within the overarching project on "critique as signature pedagogy in the arts and humanities" by considering how the position of literary studies within this broader context may explain some of the difficulties students have with a cornerstone activity of the undergraduate…

  10. Readings on Ernest Hemingway. The Greenhaven Press Literary Companion to American Authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Koster, Katie, Ed.

    Intended as an accessible resource for students researching America's greatest literary figures, this collection of essays about Ernest Hemingway's (1899-1961) work contains an in-depth biography and essays taken from a wide variety of sources. The essays are edited to accommodate the reading and comprehension levels of young adults; each essay is…

  11. Innovations’ Survival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Tabas

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Innovations currently represent a tool of maintaining the going concern of a business entity and its competitiveness. However, effects of innovations are not infinite and if an innovation should constantly preserve a life of business entity, it has to be a continual chain of innovations, i.e. continual process. Effective live of a single innovation is limited while the limitation is derived especially from industry. The paper provides the results of research on innovations effects in the financial performance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the Czech Republic. Objective of this paper is to determine the length and intensity of the effects of technical innovations in company’s financial performance. The economic effect of innovations has been measured at application of company’s gross production power while the Deviation Analysis has been applied for three years’ time series. Subsequently the Survival Analysis has been applied. The analyses are elaborated for three statistical samples of SMEs constructed in accordance to the industry. The results obtained show significant differences in innovations’ survival within these three samples of enterprises then. The results are quite specific for the industries, and are confronted and discussed with the results of authors’ former research on the issue.

  12. LITERARY DEBATES IN THE ROMANIA’S NINETIES CONSEQUENCES AND ASSESSMENTS

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    Lucian CHIȘU

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Social systems undergo inevitable turning points in their evolution. These changes may be caused by either progressive accumulation or a major crisis. The latter applies to Romania, who - after being a communist country - grew into a democracy as a result of a popular uprising. The dictatorship and its effects became the favourite topic of discussion in many debates - political, economic, social, or cultural - whose protagonists asserted their various opinions in the name of democracy or general usefulness. The participation in these debates was also exceptional – from well-meaning but resentful people, lucid and/or visionaries, to crypto-communists, apocalyptic and even alienated people. That explains the absence of consensus. The respective period of time was coined as “an endless transition”, a term which covered all the masked avatars of Romanian society (and of the literary phenomenon, too. Confrontations were particularly illustrative within the printed media in the field of culture, which beside tackling the general problems also focused on specific guild issues: the repercussions of the dictatorship on literary life, the writer’s status, the effects of censorship and the freedom of expression, the ethical and moral criteria, the literary canon, the future of publishing houses and literary publications, the very existence of the Writers’ Union of Romania, the literary exile and the ‘inner exile’ (of writers from the Republic of Moldova. The topics above polarized differently, in opposite directions, which could be summarized as follows: in our country, culture was as a form of resistance during communism when Romania was ‘a Siberia of the spirit’. The passing of a quarter of a century from the 1989 popular uprising now facilitates a retrospective overview of those particular times.

  13. The Use of “Literary Fiction” to Promote Mentalizing Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazza, Monica

    2016-01-01

    Empathy is a multidimensional process that incorporates both mentalizing and emotional sharing dimensions. Empathic competencies are important for creating interpersonal relationships with other people and developing adequate social behaviour. The lack of these social components also leads to isolation and exclusion in healthy populations. However, few studies have investigated how to improve these social skills. In a recent study, Kidd and Castano (2013) found that reading literary fiction increases mentalizing ability and may change how people think about other people’s emotions and mental states. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of reading literary fiction, compared to nonfiction and science fiction, on empathic abilities. Compared to previous studies, we used a larger variety of empathy measures and utilized a pre and post-test design. In all, 214 healthy participants were randomly assigned to read a book representative of one of three literary genres (literary fiction, nonfiction, science fiction). Participants were assessed before and after the reading phase using mentalizing and emotional sharing tests, according to Zaki and Ochsner’ s (2012) model. Comparisons of sociodemographic, mentalizing, and emotional sharing variables across conditions were conducted using ANOVA. Our results showed that after the reading phase, the literary fiction group showed improvement in mentalizing abilities, but there was no discernible effect on emotional sharing abilities. Our study showed that the reading processes can promote mentalizing abilities. These results may set important goals for future low-cost rehabilitation protocols for several disorders in which the mentalizing deficit is considered central to the disease, such as Autism Spectrum Disorders and Schizophrenia. PMID:27490164

  14. T.S. ELIOT'S MISREADING OF SOME LITERARY SOURCES IN THE WASTE LAND

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    Liem Satya Limanta

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A poet cannot be a poet at all if he is not connected with all the poetic tradition before him. This is T.S. Eliot's dictum which he stated in Tradition and the Individual Talent and which he practiced in his work The Waste Land. T.S. Eliot showed his relationship with the past through all the quotations and allusions to mythical, literary, and religious works. His reading of those sources according to Paul de Man cannot avoid misreading or misinterpretation. Harold Bloom has tried to build up a theory of misreading, which he prefers to call misprision, especially applied to and done by poets in The Anxiety of Influence. Throughout this article I shall show how T.S. Eliot has applied some of the ways Bloom describes in reading some of the literary sources, and by so doing Eliot has given new meaning to them.

  15. Spectral analysis of Chinese language: Co-occurrence networks from four literary genres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Wei; Chen, Guanrong

    2016-05-01

    The eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the adjacency matrix of a network contain essential information about its topology. For each of the Chinese language co-occurrence networks constructed from four literary genres, i.e., essay, popular science article, news report, and novel, it is found that the largest eigenvalue depends on the network size N, the number of edges, the average shortest path length, and the clustering coefficient. Moreover, it is found that their node-degree distributions all follow a power-law. The number of different eigenvalues, Nλ, is found numerically to increase in the manner of Nλ ∝ log N for novel and Nλ ∝ N for the other three literary genres. An ;M; shape or a triangle-like distribution appears in their spectral densities. The eigenvector corresponding to the largest eigenvalue is mostly localized to a node with the largest degree. For the above observed phenomena, mathematical analysis is provided with interpretation from a linguistic perspective.

  16. The Literary Map of Europe. The Opinions of Bulgarian and German Students

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    Marija Slavčeva (Maria Slavtscheva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Maps help people find their way in both a real and a metaphorical sense. Material maps are flanked by mental maps. What does the literary map of Europe display for informed readers willing to invest their newly acquired knowledge in it? Does what is displayed depend only on the nationality of those holding the map, or on the constraints of their educational canons? The pilot study presented in this article was carried out in 2011-2012, by the St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia and the Johannes-Gutenberg University of Mainz. Residents of Europe who have at least secondary education were asked to convey their spontaneous literary-historical associations regarding individual European countries. The results are represented in a number of typified geographical maps which help focus on the differences, commonalities and peculiarities that characterise the respective groups’ associations and the mental maps behind them.

  17. The Literary Essay as Encomium in Virginia Woolf’s “The Enchanted Organ”

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    Margarita Esther Sánchez Cuervo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a rhetorical analysis of “The Enchanted Organ”, a short essay by Virginia Woolf that reviews Anne Thackeray’s collection of letters that was published after her death. In this review, Woolf portrays Anne Thackeray’s character starting from extracts from the diary and letters that she wrote as part of her literary production. The argumentative nature of this essay can be studied by means of a rhetorical analysis that examines the operations of inventio, dispositio and elocutio. The account of arguments and rhetorical figures that appears after the analysis of these operations results in an interpretation of presence that draws Anne Thackeray as a gentle figure that was content with simple things and that “was dancing to the music” of her writing. As a result, “The Enchanted Organ” can be read as an encomium that praises Thackeray’s cheerful personality rather than her literary merits.

  18. Clinical Empathy and Narrative Competence: The Relevance of Reading Talmudic Legends as Literary Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, John H.

    2015-01-01

    The “curative potential” in almost any clinical setting depends on a caregiver establishing and maintaining an empathic connection with patients so as to achieve “narrative competence” in discerning and acting in accord with their preferences and best interests. The “narrative medicine” model of shared “close reading of literature and reflective writing” among clinicians as a means of fostering a capacity for clinical empathy has gained validation with recent empirical studies demonstrating the enhancement of theory of mind (ToM), broadly conceived as empathy, in readers of literary fiction. Talmudic legends, like that of Rabbi Judah’s death, are under-appreciated, relevant sources of literary fiction for these efforts. The limitations of narrative medicine are readily counterbalanced by simultaneously practiced attention to traditional bioethical principles, including—especially—beneficence, non-maleficence, and autonomy. PMID:25973266

  19. DIALOGIC CONVERGENCE OF BIBLICAL AND LITERARY FABULAS IN “THE ADOLESCENT” BY F. M. DOSTOEVSKY

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    Rima Hanifovna Yakubova

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the issue of dialogic convergence of biblical and literary fabulas in The Adolescent by Fedor Dostoevsky. We also examine the issue of the author's creative dialogue with the previous traditions, and the synthesis of biblical and literary sources in the novel's fabula. A special emphasis is made on the author's attention to biblical fabula tradition and the role of biblical subtext in the plot of the novel. We have outlined a set of images and motifs which link The Adolescent with its source in the Old Testament and provide a comparative analysis of the fabulas in Pushkin's The Station Master and Dostoevsky's Humiliated and Insulted and The Adolescent within the general context of the Old Testament tradition. The article examines the transformations of classical fabulas, their convergence and resurgence in The Adolescent thanks to the open, convergence-oriented type of artistic consciousness that we find in Dostoevsky.

  20. Excerpt from Dead Stars: American and Philippine Literary Perspectives on the American Colonization of the Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer M. McMahon

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Dead Stars: American and Philippine Literary Perspectives on the American Colonization of the Philippines examines the American colonization of the Philippines from three distinct but related literary perspectives. The first is the reaction of anti-imperialist American writers Mark Twain, W. E. B. Du Bois, and William James to America’s first foray into the role of colonizer and how their varied essays, letters, and speeches provide an incisive delineation of fundamental conflicts in American identity at the turn of the twentieth century. The book then analyzes how these same conflicts surface in the colonial regime’s use of American literature as a tool to inculcate American values in the colonial educational system. Finally, Dead Stars considers the way three early and important Filipino writers—Paz Marquez Benitez, Maximo Kalaw, and Juan C. Laya—interpret and represent these same tensions in their fiction.

  1. Clinical Empathy and Narrative Competence: The Relevance of Reading Talmudic Legends as Literary Fiction

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    John H. Davidson

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The “curative potential” in almost any clinical setting depends on a caregiver establishing and maintaining an empathic connection with patients so as to achieve “narrative competence” in discerning and acting in accord with their preferences and best interests. The “narrative medicine” model of shared “close reading of literature and reflective writing” among clinicians as a means of fostering a capacity for clinical empathy has gained validation with recent empirical studies demonstrating the enhancement of theory of mind (ToM, broadly conceived as empathy, in readers of literary fiction. Talmudic legends, like that of Rabbi Judah’s death, are under-appreciated, relevant sources of literary fiction for these efforts. The limitations of narrative medicine are readily counterbalanced by simultaneously practiced attention to traditional bioethical principles, including—especially—beneficence, non-maleficence, and autonomy.

  2. Contribution of Miklošič to the formation of literary Slovenian

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    Martina Orožen

    1972-12-01

    Full Text Available Not enough light has yet been shed on Miklošič's contribution to the formation of the Slovene literary language, nor has his achievement been sufficiently evaluated. His influence on the theoretical basis of the literary norm and on the actual formation of the modern literary language lasted at least half a century (from 1849 to 1916. Miklošič's personality as well as his work ope.ned three important lines of research for Slovene linguistics and for the cultivation of the Slovene language. 1. In his practical work as translator and editor (Obće dedavljanski zakonik; Slovensko berilo Miklosic introduced, in the early fifties, "new forms" into the literary language, and won for them the young generation of students, who established them in journalism and belles lettres. Thereby, the fundamental step, based on synchronic considerations, was taken towards a more uniform grammatical structure of the literary language. (The "new forms" were used in some botder regions within the Slovene speaking area. 2. Miklošič 's scientific research method opened up new research fields not only for Slavic, but also for Slovene studies. Under Miklošič's guidance his students were encouraged to study language history (the Pannonian theory and dialectology, and to describe morphological and syntactic categories of the modern literary language. 3. The application of Miklošič 's historico-comparative linguistic method to the normative description of the modern language (J anežič's grammar of 1863 resulted in an "ideal" etymological/historical orthography for the literary language and contributed to the lasting stability of its morphological system. In some respects this led to considerable recession into the dead past of the language (appeal to Old Church Slavonic and 16th century Slovene. The incorporation into Slovene of Croatian Kajkavian linguistic characteristics as well as the availability of the language features of East Slovenia (Prekmurje, Prlekija

  3. Analytical Study of the Status of Myth in the Creation of Literary and Artistic Works

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    Sedigheh Sherkat Moghaddam

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The prevalent question raised in literary theories has been the quiddity of literature. However, the question of “what is literature?” is a philosophical issue. On the other hand, the relationship between myth and literature has always been raised by most scholars and many have considered literature a subtype of myths. In this paper, while pointing transiently to the concepts and definitions of myth from the perspective of the great thinkers, with a different view, the role of myth in creation of artistic works is discussed. In this review, the critic attempts to interpret the literary work - or some sources in the text - to its prototype or archetype with its deep structure. With the help of this method, tracing the old or new mythology, distorted or worn, it is understood how they have passed over the whole cultural field and have found their specific formation. Keywords: Literature, Myth, Creation, Imagination, Démythologisation, Remythification, Gilbert Durand

  4. Apocalypse Now: elements of the Literary Journalism in thecinematographic construction by Vietnan War

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    Gisele Krodel Rech

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the most revered films of war, Apocalypse Now presentes fragments of journalistic representation of reality within a narrative film. They are analogies of the book Dispatches, by Michael Herr, book from the New Journalism phenomenon, which served to support the contextualization of Coppola’s masterpiece process. The intention of this paper is therefore analise the film seeking to find in these analogies textual elements of ekphrasis and fanopeia. In this process, in which the literary journalism narrative is enmeshed in film narrative, non fiction and representation of reality arises intermittently through the fictional work, in a process fraught with imagetic connotative meanings, designed from the power of text of literary journalism.

  5. Clinical empathy and narrative competence: the relevance of reading talmudic legends as literary fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, John H

    2015-04-01

    The "curative potential" in almost any clinical setting depends on a caregiver establishing and maintaining an empathic connection with patients so as to achieve "narrative competence" in discerning and acting in accord with their preferences and best interests. The "narrative medicine" model of shared "close reading of literature and reflective writing" among clinicians as a means of fostering a capacity for clinical empathy has gained validation with recent empirical studies demonstrating the enhancement of theory of mind (ToM), broadly conceived as empathy, in readers of literary fiction. Talmudic legends, like that of Rabbi Judah's death, are under-appreciated, relevant sources of literary fiction for these efforts. The limitations of narrative medicine are readily counterbalanced by simultaneously practiced attention to traditional bioethical principles, including-especially-beneficence, non-maleficence, and autonomy.

  6. Readings on American Society. The Audio-Lingual Literary Series II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imamura, Shigeo; Ney, James W.

    This text contains 11 lessons based on an adaptation of the 1964 essay "Automation: Road to Lifetime Jobs" by A.H. Raskin and 14 lessons based on an adaptation of John Fischer's 1948 essay "Unwritten Rules of American Politics." The format of the book and the lessons is the same as that of the other volumes of "The Audio-Lingual Literary Series."…

  7. Fiction writers, university students and the restrictions of Brazil’s literary field today

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    Jefferson Agostini Mello

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses aspects of the contemporary Brazilian literary field, focusing on the most recent tendencies and positions of writers and critics. Arguably, substantial changes have occurred in the way writers relate to the public sphere as well in the way cultural and scholarly capital is acquired. In the field of criticism, the problem of its discursive restrictions, in relation to what happens with writers, is considered.

  8. Foreign languages education in international literary festival tourism: the case of Festivaletteratura in Italy.

    OpenAIRE

    Rossetti, Giulia

    2016-01-01

    Festivals have always represented a good opportunity on the economic front, but most importantly they have been perfect occasions for creating settings for social, cultural and inter-linguistic interaction. Nowadays, thanks to the globalisation process, intercultural and inter-lingual communications are increasingly important in the festivals domain, especially those focused on international literary events. According to the experiential learning theory, international book festivals can be en...

  9. The erotics of colonialism in contemporary French West Indian literary culture

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    A. James Arnold

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Argues that creolité, antillanité and Negritude are not only masculine but masculinist as well. They permit only male talents to emerge within these movements and push literature written by women into the background. Concludes that in the French Caribbean there are 2 literary cultures: the one practiced by male creolistes and the other practiced by a disparate group of women writers.

  10. Texts on the Table:The Tabulae Iliacae in their Hellenistic literary context

    OpenAIRE

    Squire, Michael

    2010-01-01

    This article re-evaluates the 22 so-called Tabulae Iliacae. Where most scholars (especially in the Englishspeaking world) have tended to dismiss these objects as 'trivial' and 'confused', or as 'rubbish' intended for the Roman 'nouveaux riches', this article relates them to the literary poetics of the Hellenistic world, especially Greek ecphrastic epigram. Concentrating on the tablets' verbal inscriptions, the article draws attention to three epigraphic features in particular. First, it explo...

  11. ITINERARY MACHADO DE ASSIS: A READER TRAINING A PROPOSAL FOR LITERARY LITERACY APPLICATION

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    Marcela Verônica da Silva

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Corroborating the fact that the literary literacy is a social practice and as such constitute in school responsibility, this article aims to present a pedagogical proposal that allows the teacher to apply a pilgrimage to the seizure of Machado de Assis’s work by students the Elementary School. This route corresponds to the stages of motivation, introduction, reading, interpretation and expansion listed by Cosson (2006.

  12. Recent literary theory and criticism in Spanish Anglistics : some observations on its institutional context and practices

    OpenAIRE

    García Landa, José Ángel

    2001-01-01

    This paper addresses the institutional context and academic practices related to the production and use of literary theory and criticism in the Spanish universities, with a special focus on the role of theory in Spanish Anglistics in recent years. The paper assesses interdisciplinary communication, the impact of new theoretical paradigms (feminism, postcolonial studies, etc.) in a specifically Spanish setting, and the disciplinary transformations and new publishing opportunities associated to...

  13. RETRACTED: Translating Connotative Meaning in Literary Texts at the University of Petra

    OpenAIRE

    Akram M. Beiruti

    2013-01-01

    This article is primarily concerned with the investigation of the importance of connotation in translation. The four meanings normally discussed in semantics are denotation, connotation, reference and sense. Denotation is the frame of meaning, which is found in definitions given by dictionaries; while connotation is an additional shade of meaning added to the denotation of a word. Pragmatic meanings play an important role in the interpretation of a literary text. They need to be handled caref...

  14. The Actualization of Literary Learning Model Based on Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Nur Ihsan Halil

    2017-01-01

    This article is inspired by Howard Gardner's concept of linguistic intelligence and also from some authors' previous writings. All of them became the authors' reference in developing ideas on constructing a literary learning model based on linguistic intelligence. The writing of this article is not done by collecting data empirically, but by developing and constructing an existing concept, namely the concept of linguistic intelligence, which is disseminated into a literature-based learning of...

  15. The Getic Ovid in Prešeren and Politian: Literary Myth, Political Paradigm, Civilisatory Argument

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    Marko Marinčič

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available For France Prešeren, Ovid is an important literary model (Gazele[Ghazals], Ljubeznjeni soneti[Amorous Sonnets] and the paradigm of an unhappy poet (Glosa. In fact, what has prompted some contemporary interpreters to read Ovid’s exile to Tomis as mere autobiographical fiction is Ovid’s own endeavour to endow his exile with a paradigmatic quality. The experience of the poet-exile, described in the Tristia andEpistulae ex Ponto, thus acquired the status of a literary myth in the early modern era; it was already Angelo Poliziano who additionally used it as a paradigm of great literary authority, which could be wielded by a contemporary poet-exile as an argument in his conflict with the prince or the state. Politian, who voluntarily withdrew from Florence for six months in 1479–80, applied Ovid’s exile in literary form to his own experience; his Epigram XXVII sounds the theme of his decline as an artist, which the prince may halt by recalling the poet from the barbarian country. Ovid himself attributed his artistic “decline” to his linguistic alienation, practically illustrating the latter with subtle stylistic devices (such as “stuttering”. Similarly, Prešeren’s German cycle, which was published in the Illyrisches Blatt and originally intended for publication in his Poems, may be read as a didactic staging of denationalisation; the first poem, which expressly alludes to Ovid, effectively portrays by reference to the Tristia the spontaneous, uncontrolled process of language assimilation. In this sense, the German cycle is both a warning, aimed at the half-Germanised bourgeoisie, and a self-ironic, metaliterary illustration of linguistic alienation in the poet’s home exile.

  16. The Influence of the Language Personality of the Secondary Text’s Author on the Literary Text: Gender Aspect

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marina V. Laskova; Ayuna S. Kugultinova

    2016-01-01

    .... Through analyzing the men and women’s speech classification the article gives an account of the language personalities of the translators, who interpreted the literary works of the Russian author Anton Chekhov...

  17. Does a single session of reading literary fiction prime enhanced mentalising performance? Four replication experiments of Kidd and Castano (2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samur, Dalya; Tops, Mattie; Koole, Sander L

    2018-02-01

    Prior experiments indicated that reading literary fiction improves mentalising performance relative to reading popular fiction, non-fiction, or not reading. However, the experiments had relatively small sample sizes and hence low statistical power. To address this limitation, the present authors conducted four high-powered replication experiments (combined N = 1006) testing the causal impact of reading literary fiction on mentalising. Relative to the original research, the present experiments used the same literary texts in the reading manipulation; the same mentalising task; and the same kind of participant samples. Moreover, one experiment was pre-registered as a direct replication. In none of the experiments did reading literary fiction have any effect on mentalising relative to control conditions. The results replicate earlier findings that familiarity with fiction is positively correlated with mentalising. Taken together, the present findings call into question whether a single session of reading fiction leads to immediate improvements in mentalising.

  18. Las tecnicas literarias de Othon Castillo en "La cruel naturaleza" (The Literary Techniques Used by Othon Castillo in "Cruel Native")

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Richard F.

    1975-01-01

    Discusses the style of the Ecuadorian novelist Othon Castillo and the literary techniques used in his novel "Cruel Nature." The novel describes the cities of Quito and Santa Ana in Ecuador and their inhabitants. (Text is in Spanish.) (TL)

  19. Phrasal units in literary translation (the case of idioms in Miguel Delibes Las ratas

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    Manuel Sevilla Muñoz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we explore the translation of phrasal units in the context of literary translation, arguing that such units may fulfil a specific function in a work. This is the case in the novel Las ratas, by Miguel Delibes, in which the author used them as linguistic markers of the social strata and cultural level of the different characters. We have analysed the translation of some idioms of the novel in order to highlight the key aspects to take into account in the translation, the problems that the translator has to face when performinghis profession, and the solutions that can be proposed. We show that thetranslation of phrasal units is certainly not a straightforward task, and thecorrespondences cover a wide range because of the differences between thetwo languages and the numerous factors which need to be taken into account when translate a phrasal unit in a literary text, none of which seems to prevailover the others in all situations. These difficulties compel the translator to study in advance how the author of a literary work uses the phrasal units in order to plan the translation process so that the effect of the phrasal units ofthe original text is also recreated as far as possible in the translation.

  20. Kirjanduslikest kontaktidest läbi raudse eesriide / Literary contacts through the iron curtain

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    Marin Laak

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the relationship between the literature of the Estonian diaspora in the West and Soviet Estonia during the 1960s, and explores the possibility, from the literary historiographical perspective, of integrating the two bodies of Estonian literature. Near the end of The Second World War close to 70,000 Estonians fled their homeland, fearing Soviet repression; among them were numerous members of the academic and artistic intelligentsia as well as eminent poets and writers. By the late 1940s national organizations, publications and other activities were already well underway in the displaced persons camps. During the 1950s, Estonian exiles who settled in Sweden, Canada, United States, and elsewhere in the West quickly formed national cultural centres, publishing houses and numerous organizations that helped maintain their national and cultural identity. The centre of literary activity in the West was Sweden, which most Estonian writers had chosen as their new home. The Estonian Writers’s Co-operative publishing house, established in Lund in 1950, started the mail-order distribution of Estonian literature throughout the world; elsewhere, the publisher Orto operated in Toronto. While no propaganda-free literature or literature of any artistic merit was published in the 1940s and 1950s in Estonia during the Soviet occupation, exile literature flourished. Then, the Khrushchev Thaw brought about changes to Soviet society in the late 1950s. As their world became more free, a new generation of talented young poets emerged who generated innovations in poetry and modernized literature. This article maps literary contacts between the Estonian homeland and her exiles, and, using archival material, focuses on personal contacts among the literati during the 1960s. Literary historiography began investigating the possibility of treating Estonian literature in the homeland and in the West as one body of literature, when, after a 45-year

  1. Theorizing Orality and Performance in Literary Anecdote and History: Boswell’s Diaries

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    Dianne Dugaw

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyzes orality and song performance in the eighteenth-century diaries of James Boswell, gentleman Scot and literary figure. Boswell’s engagement of song culture in the course of his activities—literary, political, amorous, familial, domestic, traveling, business, and leisure—demonstrates the eighteenth-century mixing of oral and written and of popular culture and belles lettres, and shows the significance of oral forms and expression among even the most literate and literary people. Theorizing song performance as social interaction shaped by power relations, this essay calls for a widening of the study of orality to include greater consideration of the past, of the informal and quotidian realm, and of the oral and performative dimensions of literate cultures. Boswell’s diaries depict his everyday life from the 1760s to the 1790s in London and Scotland and on various European sojourns. In them he represents himself and others singing and invoking popular songs in complex ways that disclose dynamics of identity formation and relational power.

  2. BRAULIO’S STORY: ETHNOGRAPHY, ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING, AND LITERARY ANALYSIS

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    Clemente, Angeles

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes an ethnographic encounter involving the personal narrative of Braulio, a graduate of the Bachelor of Arts program in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL of the public state university of Oaxaca, Mexico. In his personal narrative, Braulio becomes empowered as an English teacher while also being cast into such diverse roles as a businessman of a chocolate factory, an English translator for the APPO social movement, and an interrogator for the state police. The analysis of the narrative is realized through the lens of a postcolonial literary perspective based on the literary tools of plot, point of view, and characterization. The resultant crossover treatment of literary analysis, ethnography, and TESOL not only locates Braulio’s narrative within a postcolonial context but also allows the researchers to be co-performers in the narrative act. This leads both Braulio and the researchers to a critical reflection on the everyday practice of English teachers in postcolonial contexts such as Oaxaca.

  3. Social identity and literary genres. Birth and Death of the Stil Nuovo’s sodality

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    Paolo Borsa

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the literary production of Dante Alighieri – and, in parallel, of his “first friend” Guido Cavalcanti – between the composition of the Vita nuova and Dante’s exile. It aims to show that the conflict between Dante and Cavalcanti can also be situated on the level of the representation that the two poets give of themselves in their work, through their chosen poetics and literary genres. Despite having the reputation of a philosophus, the magnate Guido shows his aristocratic disdain even in literary options: he depicts himself as a knight-poet and focuses solely on the representation and analysis of the phenomenology of love. On the contrary, from the Vita nuova on, Dante does not present himself to his audience as only an exquisite and aristocratic love poet, but also – and explicitly – as an expert in physiology, philosophy, and rhetoric. On the model of Guittone d’Arezzo and Brunetto Latini, when he enters Florentine political life, he attributes a civic and ethical function to his poetry, which definitively breaks with the “stilnovistic” poetics of his juvenile association with Cavalcanti.

  4. The Importance of Visual Reading for the Interpretation of a Literary Text

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    Janja Batič

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the two authors showcase the results of a research survey on the role of illustrations in the interpretation of literary texts. The survey sample included students of primary education and preschool education, who were given the poem Učenjak (Scholar by Niko Grafenauer and asked to answer questions regarding the character’s personality and appearance, the literary space, and other factors. The first group of interviewees was given the poem illustrated by Lidija Osterc and the other the same poem illustrated by Marjan Manček. The results showed that the illustration had a significant impact on the message conveyed by the poem, particularly when the illustrator added the context by representing the character’s environment (which was not explicitly given in the text. Furthermore, the results showed the need for the comprehensive reading of an illustrated text, given that it is the interaction between the verbal and the visual that provides vital information necessary for the reader to understand the message of the dedicated literary work.

  5. THE DIARIES AND THE MEMOIRS BY A. M. DOSTOEVSKY AS THE ARTISTIC AND LITERARY UNITY

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    Klavdiya V. Sizyukhina

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Documentary texts describe not only the facts, but also favour their creative interpretation. It is the main stylistic feature of the so-called “documental”, non-fi ction literature. Diaries and memoirs can be called one of the popular genres of non-fi ctional literature. Despite the artistic diversity of the memoirs, diaries are also stylistically intertextual. They contain examples of different genres: letters, chronicles, biographical portraits, ragments of recollections, writing experiences, some quotations from other literary texts and so on. The “Memoirs” and the diaries of Andrew Dostoevsky are original literary texts and they correspond to each other. Firstly, they correlate with one another chronologically. The diaries contain lots of textual references that imply the author’s work on the “Memoirs”. Secondly, both literary sources expand the narrative characteristics of the documentary genre and reveal A. M. Dostoevsky’s love to family traditions and values. “Family”, “home” are the key images both of the “Memoirs” and of the diaries. In the “Memoirs” the artistic chronotope develops from the public life towards the author’s private life (life as the change of apartments. In another way the diaries bring together family’s everyday narrations with the social life of the epoch.

  6. 1968 in the Literary Production of Colombia: Individual, Violence and Society

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    Álvaro Acevedo Tarazona

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the reception of several literary works in Colombia during the year 1968, aimed at offering a vision of the relation between society, the individual and violence as social representation and indicator of cultural impact. Through the identification of these three topics: the individual, violence and society, this study examines literary consumption in Colombia as an indicator of a desire of change, articulated with the planetary cultural revolution of 1968. Through the identification of the most read works of literature in Colombia during this year, and based on the impact of these works on public opinion and culture, this study analyzes the relation between individual-society-violence, with the objective of visibilizing certain organizational processes during the 1960s and 70s, not only in Colombia but in Latin America. This article is divided into three independent but interconnected sections, each one of which analyzes some of the most important objects of literary consumption of the time and ends with a study of the incidence of these texts on the Colombian population.

  7. Doubles everywhere: literary contributions to the study of the bodily self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieguez, Sebastian

    2013-01-01

    The topic of the double is a hallmark of romantic, gothic, and fantastic literature. In the guise of the second self, the alter ego or the doppelgänger, fictional doubles have long fascinated critics, clinicians, and scientists. We review classical approaches to the theme and propose a broad clinical and neurocognitive framework from which to examine major instances of the motif in literature. Based on neurological disorders of the bodily self (including unilateral and whole body illusions and duplications), as well as related experimental approaches, we provide examples of literary depictions of bodily fragmentation and splitting; autoscopic hallucinations; the classical doppelgänger, second self, or heautoscopic double; the feeling of a presence; out-of-body experiences; and so-called near-death experiences. Examples include works from Guy de Maupassant, E.T.A. Hoffman, Edgar Allan Poe, Robert Louis Stevenson, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Rudyard Kipling, and others. We discuss these literary cases of doubles from a neurocognitive perspective, and suggest that common mechanisms of the bodily self are involved in the emergence of pathological illusory doubles, literary creations of the double, as well as widespread cultural and religious beliefs about the existence of doubles and the soul. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  8. [Construction of the Literary Response Questionnaire for Japanese (LRQ-J)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osanai, Hidekazu; Okada, Hitoshi

    2011-06-01

    Readers may have various experiences while reading a narrative, such as imagining the world described in the narrative, empathizing with the protagonist, and thinking about the author of the narrative or the real world. Referred to as "reader response" in literary theory, these experiences are important topics in the study of a reader's interactions with a literary text. To investigate differences among individuals in the degree of openness to these experiences during narrative comprehension, we translated the Literary Response Questionnaire (LRQ) developed by Miall and Kuiken (1995) and selected 37 items from the original scale to develop a Japanese version (LRQ-J). This survey was administered to 497 undergraduate students. The results showed that all subscales of the LRQ-J had internal consistency. Respondents' scores showed significant correlations with fantasy proneness, imaginative involvement, imagery vividness, and ego-resiliency. The results suggest that the LRQ-J has sufficient reliability and validity. The psychological characteristics of experiences assessed by the LRQ-J are discussed.

  9. "Shall I compare thee": The neural basis of literary awareness, and its benefits to cognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Noreen; Davis, Philip; Billington, Josie; Gonzalez-Diaz, Victorina; Corcoran, Rhiannon

    2015-12-01

    Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to explore the neural and cognitive basis of literary awareness in 24 participants. The 2×2 design explored the capacity to process and derive meanings in complex poetic and prosaic texts that either did or did not require significant reappraisal during reading. Following this, participants rated each piece on its 'poeticness' and the extent to which it prompted a reappraisal of meaning during reading, providing subjective measures of poetic recognition and the need to reappraise meaning. The substantial shared variance between these 2 subjective measures provided a proxy measure of literary awareness, which was found to modulate activity in regions comprising the central executive and saliency networks. We suggest that enhanced literary awareness is related to increased flexibility of internal models of meaning, enhanced interoceptive awareness of change, and an enhanced capacity to reason about events. In addition, we found that the residual variance in the measure of poetic recognition modulated right dorsal caudate activity, which may be related to tolerance of uncertainty. These findings are consistent with evidence that relates reading to improved mental wellbeing. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Teachings on Peace of the 14th Dalai Lama and Selected Literary Philosophers: Implications for Global Peace Education

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Maria Luisa A. Valdez

    2014-01-01

    -This study delved on the 14th Dalai Lamas’ and the selected literary philosophers’ teachings on peace and their implications for global peace education. To achieve the objective of this study, the qualitative philosophical method of research in analyzing the tenets of peace in the representative literary works was employed. This involved the science of textual criticism and hermeneutics supported by the researcher’s analysis and insights with reference to the content of the te...

  11. More than words: applying the discipline of literary creative writing to the practice of reflective writing in health care education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, Lisa

    2010-12-01

    This paper examines definitions and uses of reflective and creative writing in health care education classrooms and professional development settings. A review of articles related to writing in health care reveals that when teaching narrative competence is the goal, creative writing may produce the best outcomes. Ultimately, the paper describes the importance of defining literary creative writing as a distinct form of writing and recommends scholars interested in using literary creative writing to teach narrative competence study pedagogy of the field.

  12. ENERGY OF NOVELS SAMAN, NAYLA, AND PETIR IN LITERARY PUBLISHING INDUSTRY

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    Sugiarti -

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The research was based on the notion that novels Saman, Nayla, and Petir haveuniqueness in the exploration of ideas, narration style, and such typical techniques that creatednew esthetics. Besides, the literary works were written by three creative, innovative andknowledgeable young women who, in expressing their ideas and thoughts, were able to totallyframe story and give energy to the novels Saman, Nayla, and Petir. In the history of Indonesiancontemporary literary works, they (Ayu Utami, Djenar Maesa Ayu, and Dewi Lestari wereknown to have produce monumental works, which in turn received good responses in Indonesianliterature publishing industry.This research is aimed at describing (a thematic aspect and energy of the novels Saman,Nayla and Petir, which encourages literature publishing industry to publish; (b readers’reception of the themes novels Saman, Nayla, and Petir in social and cultural change andpublishing industry; (c relevance of cultural industry and economic praxis of readers, bookmarket and publishing industry of literary history. The research method used was descriptivewith qualitative and hermeneutic approaches. Meanwhile, the data was deeply analyzed in theunderstanding, content, and context. The analysis was conducted in cyclic and counter balancedways to gain deep understanding of writers’ thoughts, readers’ responses to the literary works,and the role of publishing industry with available market prospect. The research was based ontheory of post structuralism, reception, intertext, and cultural industry in literature.The research results showed that (1 thematic aspects and energy of the novels Saman,Nayla, and Petir as a context described women’s concern about social and cultural structure,patriarchy culture, and conflicts between traditional and modern structures. There were vulgarand jumping expressions, contrasting dictions, fantasy and symbolic language, the use of naturalstyle, free narrative, surprising and

  13. PRACTICE OF USING DIFFERENT WAYS OF ANALYSIS OF A FICTION WORK AT LITERARY READING LESSONS

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    Valeriy Syrotenko

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of a fiction work at school, in particular in primary school, is based on the methodological studies of the literary analysis, that envisages application of various ways of analysis of a literary text used for the adequate appreciation of its semantic and expressive features. This article is devoted exactly to this range of problems. Literary reading lessons in 2-4th forms set a task of forming schoolchildren’s literary competence, the integral part of which is their ability to analyse various fiction works. We mean here a number of theoretic and methodological researches, nevertheless ways of analysis of the fiction text and methodology of its realization in primary school are not examined essentially. Therefore, we offer the following ways of analysis: character drawing, problem and thematic approach and holistic approach that are used taking into account the form (character drawing approach is the simplest one and it is suitable for the 2nd year pupils, while holistic one can be appropriate for the 4th year pupils and genre of work. A verse by P. Voronko “In the field there is a green house” (the 2nd form is studied with the help of character drawing because the story of the verse (a little bear misbehaves because he does not want to sleep, and his mother sings him a lullaby is close to a 7-8-year-old child by its semantic genre; moreover, there are a few characters in the verse, and they require an additional discussion. Therefore, for creating the proper emotional atmosphere in the class one should consider the following methodical forms of work: heuristic conversation, connecting the little bear’s dominant traits of the character, his mother, and grandfather Sleep, that will help children understand the main traits of every character, their role in work, and also the originality of the verse genre. The work ends with a questionnaire children are suggested working in pairs to analyse the behavior of a child in various

  14. Students′ Literary Theater as an Educational Innovation in the Context of Ukrainian and Foreign Experience

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    Koval Taisiia

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the process of future teachers-philologists′ training in an innovative educational environment. The novelty of educational technology which includes the implementation of innovative ideas of modern education by introducing competencybased approach has been justified. It has been stated that the purpose of the students′ theatrical, cultural and educational project is the integration of knowledge, application of updated knowledge, acquisition of new knowledge. The attention has been focused on the basic tasks and functions of the students’ literary theater as the original educational innovation in solving the problem of improving the quality of teachers-philologists; creating a favourable academic atmosphere for disclosure of intellectual and creative potential of students, self-identity through art and aesthetic, educational, organizational activities. Interactive methods of forming harmonious personality, a citizen-patriot, a professional specialist, a teacher-innovatorby means of students′ literary theater have been shown. Based on the analysis of the transformation processes in the context of education in the Ukrainian and foreign experience and the results of the pedagogical experiment, we have concluded that the use of theatrical arts and theater pedagogy in the professional training is one of the effective ways of reforming the European education. “Added value” of a modernized Ukrainian University is a students′ literary theater, which provides participants of project’s creative activity with methods of mastering education standards and learning life-giving meaning. The model of I-concept of the future teacher-philologist called “Innovation Man of the 21st Century” has been offered.

  15. CHRISTMAS AND EASTER THEMES IN THE LITERARY HERITAGE OF YURIY MIROLYUBOV

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    Sergey F. Dmitrenko

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A  Russian emigrant writer Yuri Mirolyubov (1892—1970 wrote a  lot about Slavic antiquities. His name is associated with the origin of a  legendary “The book of Veles”  (Velesova kniga. This article studies his literary works in a historical and literary context, thematically associated with Christmas and Easter. The son of a priest, Mirolyubov was able to create original Christmas and Easter tales. As a priest’s son Mirolyubov managed to create indigenous Christmas and Easter stories. He brought back an already existing genre tradition of Christmas and Easter literature to its folklore origins, freed it from absolutely literary accretions and narrative stereotypes. Yuri Mirolyubov strived to put the Christmas and Easter stories beyond moral (much less entertaining literature, put them in the mainstream of a  folk, “Russian epic” (Ivan Shmelyov. That was a defi nition given by an author Ivan Shmelyov to his writing “The Lord’s summer”  (Leto Gospodne, who also updated the Canon of Russian calendar (Christmas and Easter literature in his own way. In fictional prose Yuri Mirolyubov acted as a scientist-ethnographer, a  sensitive receptionist of  everyday phenomena and psychological states. But in the works defi ned as scientific, he became a true artist, who felt free to deal with the most complicated and poorly studied material, however, existing in the depths of people’s consciousness.

  16. LANGUAGE USED IN ADVERTISING LITERARY ARTS REKLAM DİLİNDE KULLANILAN EDEBÎ SANATLAR

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    Bekir ÇINAR

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This study, has been prepeared for examining the advertisement texts creativities and artistic language particularities especially for literary arts. For this reason spoken, written and visual media advertisements has been used. Which media groups will publish this sample advertise ments has been confirmed. The literary arts published in the advertisements have been defined shortly then with this work how much literary arts has been used in the advertisement will be shown you. Bu çalışma, reklam metinlerinin yaratıcı ve sanatsal bir dil özelliğini edebî sanatlar bağlamında incelemek amacıyla hazırlanmıştır. Bu amaçla sözlü, yazılı ve görsel medyadaki reklamlardan ve bazı haber başlıklarından faydalanılmıştır. Örneklemeye alınan reklamların hangi basın yayın organında yayınlandığı belirtilmiştir. Reklamlarda yer alan edebî sanatların önce kısa bir tanımı yapılmış, daha sonra reklamla ilişkilendirerek açıklanmıştır. Bu çalışmayla reklam dilinde edebî sanatların ne ölçüde kullanıldığı gösterilmeye çalışılacaktır.

  17. Literary Translation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klitgård, Ida

    2008-01-01

    Bogens formål er at give læseren et indblik i fænomenet oversættelse og opstille et begrebsapparat, som kan anvendes ved analyser af konkrete oversættelser. Gennem tolv kapitler præsenterer bogens tre forfattere en række generelle og specifikke. Oversættelsesteorier. Bogen er skrevet primært til ...

  18. The Literary Production of Mercedes Salisachs: an Opportunity for Moral Reflection

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    M.ª Cristina Pena Mardaras

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to show how Mercedes Salisachs’ works may be included among those that Martha Nussbaum considers moral philosophy allies because they allow the inquiry into issues that are also the subject of practical philosophy. Taking as reference the Nussbaum ethic-literary project, we explore in Salisachs’ works how the thematic content of the histories and the way plots are displayed challenge the reader who, immersed in the experience of the characters, can reflect on the horizon of what is human in personal life and in public life.

  19. Considerations about creative literary writing: a work proposal for poetry writing in Spanish

    OpenAIRE

    Selfa Sastre, Moisés; Nòria Jové, Montserrat; Llovera, Lourdes

    2014-01-01

    In primary education, communicative competence in writing is often worked on by getting students to write texts that have very little to do with their own lives or the world around them and whose sole purpose is to get students to apply the spelling and syntax rules for the language in question. This paper presents a work plan for creative and literary writing in Spanish for third-and fourth-year primary students. The aim is to create an engaging, disciplined framework so that students can wr...

  20. Relational teaching: A way to foster EFL learners’ intercultural communicative competence through literary short stories

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    Luis Fernando Gómez Rodríguez

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article reports an action research study in an advanced EFL class of the language program at a public University in Bogotá, Colombia in 2011. The study suggests that the inclusion of authentic multicultural short stories of the U.S. in the EFL context fosters learners’ critical intercultural communicative competence (ICC through the implementation of the Relational Teaching approach. The collected data showed how learners developed critical intercultural skills through commonalities (a concept proposed by Relational Teaching when they read literary short stories. Findings show that applying new teaching approaches and literature in EFL might contribute to create critical intercultural awareness.

  1. Desecration of the history as a method of literary processing of the historical field of events

    OpenAIRE

    Anistratenko, Antonina

    2017-01-01

    This article will focus on the environment of the generation of the eighties, in particular, about the aesthetic, thematic, genre features of small prose and its connection with the Ukrainian novel. The problem of the plot interpretation, the novelistic scheme of the Western canon and the East Slavic pattern in the creative Twentieth Century brought a small prose to the margines of the literary process. The historical field of events which does not coincide with the historiographic, becomes t...

  2. Theoretical and Literary Studies of Goncharov's Works by Russian Emigrants: Biographism versus Antibiographism

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    Valeriy A. Cherkasov

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the main methodological approaches to the study of I.A. Goncharov's personality in literary criticism and in the criticism of Russian emigrants (1920s - the early 1930s. It was revealed that along with existing authoritative, methodologically cultural, historical and immanent concepts of I.A. Goncharov's personality a morphological and psychoanalytic trends emerged describing the writer's life and work. The biographical method used by the critics in the process of the writer's work analysis was significantly transformed without the loss of its meaning.

  3. Andalusia in Cervantes’ Novelas Ejemplares: a reflection in Cervantes’ literary space

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    Antonio Rey Hazas

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the interrelationship between life and literature which Cervantes’ Novelas Ejemplares —or to be more precise, some of them— bear as a hallmark of their artistic identity; a hallmark which in turn involves a certain view on Andalusia, and above all, on Seville; particularly, on a Seville which stands for both the object of and the inspiration to a peculiar novelistic view which is key for understanding some of these novels and the spatial literary perception we find in Cervantes’ oeuvre.

  4. Benedito Nunes and the Modern Brazilian Literary Criticism (1946-1969

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    Maria de Fátima do Nascimento

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The research analyzes the literary criticism of Benedito Nunes and is divided in two parts. It is based on a variety of textual genres (attempts to write novels, poems, aphorisms, chronicles on science, poetry and philosophy, interviews, criticism on poetry and novels. In other words, on the first texts of Nunes, published in the newspaper “Folha do Norte” (1946-1951, where he started the career as literary critic, in the magazines “Encontro” (1948 and “Norte” (1952, and in other Brazilian newspapers, such as “Jornal do Brasil”, “O Estado de São Paulo” and “O Estado de Minas Gerais”. Nunes’ first books are also analyzed, “O mundo de Clarice Lispector” (1966 and “O dorso do tigre” (1969, for which he was acclaimed one of the exponents of literary criticism in the second half of the 20th century in Brazil, mainly of authors that published from the decade of 1940 on, namely, Clarice Lispector, Guimarães Rosa and João Cabral de Melo Neto. The compilation of texts published in newspapers enables the identification of the main readings of Benedito Nunes, which were incorporated to his work, such as the Christian philosophers, Saint Thomas Aquinas, Pascal and Søren Kierkegaard, who will be constant in the writings of Nunes. The compilation also makes possible to trace the intellectual trajectory of Nunes, especially as literary critic. He after added to his work the ideas of Jean-Paul Sartre and Martin Heidegger. Regarding Heidegger, who Nunes studied throughout his life, it is possible to consider the ontological conception of artistic creation by verbal language, which, according to the German philosopher, corresponds to the foundation of the self by the word. The first part of this research analyzes the intellectual trajectory of Benedito Nunes as well as the material compiled in newspapers and in his first books. The second part presents a sample of the compiled material.

  5. Teacher's Literary Didactic Competence and Internal Differentiation in the Literature Classroom

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    Milena Kerndl

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a pedagogical experiment and its findings. It was carried out as the second part of the research Differentiation and Individualisation in the Literature Classroom in the Third Cycle of Basic School. In the first phase of the research we used quantitative methods, which involved 274 Slovene language teachers and 667 students in order to find out how teachers implemented differentiation and individualisation principles in the literature classroom in smaller (mixed-ability groups in the third cycle. It turned out that most teachers did not understand the basic principles of differentiation and individualisation and had poor awareness of both students’ reception ability as well as of their horizon of expectations. Due to the fact that the pedagogic syllabus for teacher training does not involve the above mentioned field, the second phase of the research concentrated on the pedagogical experiment, where 30 teachers developed a new literary-didactic competence which later enabled them to perceive/recognize the students’ horizon of expectations related to the students’ literary reception metacognition development. Data were gathered by observation in the classroom, lesson plan analysis, and teachers’ self-evaluation. The basic findings show that teachers should develop this competence and need further training. Without training even additional material (didactic manual would not yield the desired influence on instruction regarding differentiation and individualisation. In other words, only expert and guided in-service teacher training can lead to modern and learner centred instruction.

  6. The Pathology of structure of explanations in understanding of literary texts

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    Mahyar Alavi Moghaddam

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Traditional and non-scientific classification shade to educational and research Persian literature and literary education and research haven't grown up. The aim of explanation of text is to rub off difficulties and to lead reader to deep understanding. In semantics studies of understanding and interpretation of text, to familiar with the place of meaning in literary tradition and new approaches of criticism, the acceptance of multi meaning in interpretation texts are necessary. The role of interpreter is very important, because he can relate between the world of text and the world of reader and so between semantic horizon of writer and poet and mental horizon.   We can step in analysing interpretation of Hafez' poem and pathology of this area, because of expanding of research about Hafez and his explanations. There are four difficulties in these explanations: structural, semantic, lexical and figural. In this article, we will pay attention to just structural difficulties. These structural difficulties are unversatility system, incomprehensiveness, nonalaystic of explanations, mistake methods in educating and to ignore relation between Hafez's Verses in semantic texture of Ghazal. Certainly, it is necessary to pay scientific, analytic criticism in Hafez's explanations as one of the areas in understanding of his poems.

  7. ALYOSHA POPOVICH AS A LITERARY HERО IN “RUSSIAN FAIRY TALES” BY VASILY A. LEVSHIN

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    Olga V. Zakharova

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Folkloric heroes were turned into characters of literary works of diff erent genres in 18th-century Russian literature. One of them is bogatyr Alyosha Popovich. Th e distinctive features of the epic hero are such personal traits as astuteness, dexterity, boldness. Vasily A. Levshin perfectly turned to them to pen “Povest’ o Aleshe Popoviche bogatyre, sluzhivshem knyazyu Vladimiru” (A Tale of Bogatyr Alyosha Popovich Serving Prince Vladimir in his “Russkie skazki” (Russian Tales; 1780—1783. Due to his prankish nature the protagonist performs deeds of valour. He shields the Alanian Kingdom from calamity and makes it a part of the dominion of the Prince Vladimir of Kiev; he defeats the demon Beelzebub acquitting the Polish wizard Tverdovsky of his oaths taken to one of the princes of Hell; he conquers the Tsar-Maiden and takes her to wife. Th e epic hero becomes a literary character in Levshin’s story. Under going genre transformations he acquires personal traits and appears

  8. Giving shape to the past: Pre-columbia in nineteenth-century Mexican literary journals

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    Adam T. Sellen

    Full Text Available Abstract The literary journal “El Museo Mexicano” (1843-1845 marked a watershed in Mexican nationalism, and sought to shape aspirations of an elite segment of nineteenth-century Mexican society eager to claim a post-colonial identity by exploring the cultural and historical strands that were combined in the young Republic. The editors solicited contributions from Mexican authors on a wide range of subjects, from descriptions of contemporary provincial life to accounts of recent discoveries of pre-Hispanic monuments and artifacts. The aim was to provide a more complete and up-to-date image of Mexico, rich in anecdotal detail and lavishly illustrated. In this paper I will explore how this new literary platform argued for the validity of archaeological investigation in the American context, and ultimately shaped how Mexicans perceived their past. Though my focus is primarily on the articles in “El Museo Mexicano” I will also analyze some of the visual tropes and traditions, from the picturesque to the grotesque that inspired illustration in other Mexican journals of the same genre.

  9. SYNONYMIC RELATIONS OF CAUSAL PREPOSITIONS IN RUSSIAN LITERARY LANGUAGE OF THE 19th CENTURY

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    Kotnikova Kseniya Valeryevna

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to studying the prepositional synonymy in the Russian literary language of the 19th century. The work studies structures in which prepositions are a means of expressing causality – conceptual and linguistic category presented as patrimonial relative to species categories of causes, purpose and concessions. The definition of the term preposition-synonym is given. In view of lexical and morphological differentiation of prepositional synonymy in this research the lexical synonymy is analyzed. The work is based on texts of various genres of the 19th century represented in the Russian National Corpus. It characterizes some ranks of synonymic causal prepositions in the Russian literary language of the 19th century: the analysis of the use of synonyms in different contexts, combined with one of the particular values of causality – the reasons, purpose, concessions determined specifics of using separate units; it identifies some trends in the development of synonyms for over a century. The main trends in the development of synonymic ranks of causal prepositions in the 19th century are revealed. Some lexical units fade; others are established and continue to expand the field of their application. Thus, on the basis of the material studied, we can conclude that the development of means of synonymous semantic causality expression in the 19th century followed the path of verbal marking of more subtle shades of causality.

  10. Marked bodies and selves: a literary-semiotic perspective on breast cancer and identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henriksen, Nina; Hansen, Helle Ploug

    2009-01-01

    A diagnosis of breast cancer is not just life-threatening but often also disfiguring. Breast cancer research has pointedly focused on the connection between bodily loss and loss of self. We will examine the narratives of two Danish women who have been treated for breast cancer and are dealing with the consequences of their treatment. Drawing upon theories of phenomenology and literary-semiotics we demonstrate how the women are negotiating their identities. In narratives of breast cancer bodily practices play a prominent role in helping or hindering the re-construction of identity. We will focus on breast reconstruction as a bodily practice and seek to understand how and why breast cancer survivors either accept or reject the possibility of reconstructing their identity through breast reconstruction. We suggest that the literary-semiotic concept of marking can lead to a broader understanding of the connection between illness, body and identity. Breast reconstruction and the refusal of breast reconstruction can be viewed as part of a semiotic monitoring and marking of the body that can take place in the aftermath of treatment for breast cancer.

  11. Language of the Earth: Exploring Natural Hazards through a Literary Anthology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malamud, B. D.; Rhodes, F. H. T.

    2009-04-01

    This paper explores natural hazards teaching and communications through the use of a literary anthology of writings about the earth aimed at non-experts. Teaching natural hazards in high-school and university introductory Earth Science and Geography courses revolves mostly around lectures, examinations, and laboratory demonstrations/activities. Often the results of such a course are that a student 'memorizes' the answers, and is penalized when they miss a given fact [e.g., "You lost one point because you were off by 50 km/hr on the wind speed of an F5 tornado."] Although facts and general methodologies are certainly important when teaching natural hazards, it is a strong motivation to a student's assimilation of, and enthusiasm for, this knowledge, if supplemented by writings about the Earth. In this paper, we discuss a literary anthology which we developed [Language of the Earth, Rhodes, Stone, Malamud, Wiley-Blackwell, 2008] which includes many descriptions about natural hazards. Using first- and second-hand accounts of landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis, floods and volcanic eruptions, through the writings of McPhee, Gaskill, Voltaire, Austin, Cloos, and many others, hazards become 'alive', and more than 'just' a compilation of facts and processes. Using short excerpts such as these, or other similar anthologies, of remarkably written accounts and discussions about natural hazards results in 'dry' facts becoming more than just facts. These often highly personal viewpoints of our catostrophic world, provide a useful supplement to a student's understanding of the turbulent world in which we live.

  12. Geoffrey Keynes's Two-Fold Vision: Medical Savant-Connoisseur and Literary Bibliographer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutcher, Gerald

    2016-10-01

    During the 1920s and 1930s, the British surgeon Geoffrey Keynes (1887-1982) treated breast cancer with radium instead of the hegemonic radical mastectomy, while vehemently attacking the "radicalists" for mutilating women. Keynes was also a leading bibliographer of literary figures from Sir Thomas Browne to William Blake through Jane Austen. This article argues that these endeavors did not inhabit separate worlds, but rather his bibliographic methods of collecting and sorting were deeply interwoven with his therapeutic practices and medical ways of knowing. The article also examines the profound influence his engagement with the works of William Blake had on his battle against the reigning medical orthodoxy and on the humanity of his relationship with his patients. It concludes that Keynes' story sheds light on a now distant medico-cultural world where literary studies, often centered on book collecting and critique, were not only highly valued, but were influential in guiding the vision and behavior of a number of physicians. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  13. Hamlet - little known piece by Enriko Josif: Literary-theoretical, philosophical and musicological views

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    Marjanović Nataša

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Hamlet is well-known as the most famous tragedy written by William Shakespeare. This dramatic work has, throughout the centuries, lead numerous writers, poets, literary-critics and philosophers to think about universal issues of life, human nature, love, loyalty and friendship. Hamlet has not just been the subject of discussion from the point of view of the theory of literature and human psychology and philosophy, it has also directly inspired the creation of many artistic works. One of those works which forms the main subject-matter of this paper is the almost unknown music for Hamlet by Enriko Josif. Enriko Josif was an extraordinary figure, a versatile artist and thinker, almost a kind of philosopher. In his opinion and in accordance with his inner feeling, art was a matter of divine creation first of all. He admired those artists who dealt with difficult issues of life in their works of art and William Shakespeare was to him one of the most prominent among them. In general terms, we have highlighted certain general points about Josif’s views on an artist’s life and work and have presented our notions about his piece. Specifically, we have tried to point out personal views that Josif held about Hamlet, as well as the most important features of Josif’s music, which are broadly in accordance with the literary, ethical, philosophical and theological critical tradition surrounding this masterpiece.

  14. [How a Diversity of Preschool Literary Experiences Contribute to Emergent Literacy Skills].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parent, Sophie; Montésinos-Gelet, Isabelle; Séguin, Jean R; Zelazo, Philip David; Tremblay, Richard E

    2016-01-01

    Past studies show that language and cognitive factors among young children do not explain individual differences in written language skill acquisition (Sénéchal et LeFevre, 2002). Working from the principles of ethology and sociology, Pellegrini (2001) suggests that exposure to a larger variety of social contacts and contexts promotes the acquisition of literary language and reading/writing skills. The purpose of this study is to check the contribution of a variety of social writing-related opportunities to the acquisition of emerging literacy skills in 5 year-olds. This contribution is examined alongside family financial resources, parental education, frequency of mother-child reading/writing activities, and the child's verbal and mnemonic skills. The results partially confirm Pellegrini's hypothesis and support the relevance of considering several dimensions of preschool social experience. The unique contribution of diverse literary activities for 4 year-olds (48 months) seems to be as important as receptive vocabulary and short term memory, evaluated at 42 months. However, a larger variety of contacts was not added to the model.

  15. Micromégas: Altered Body-Environment Scaling in Literary Fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieguez, Sebastian

    2016-01-01

    Architectonic embodiment postulates a bidirectional link between bodily awareness and the architectural environment. The standard size and features of the human body, for instance, are thought to influence the structure of interiors and buildings, as well as their perception and appreciation. Whereas architectural practice and theory, the visual arts and more recently the cognitive sciences have explored this relationship of humans with their crafted environments, many fictional literary works have long experimented with alterations of body-environment scaling. This so-called Gulliver theme - popular in the science-fiction genre but also in children's literature and philosophical satire - reveals, as a recurrent thought-experiment, our preoccupation with proportions and our fascination for the infinitely small and large. Here I provide an overview of the altered scaling theme in literature, including classics such as Voltaire's Micromégas, Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Caroll's Alice, and Matheson's The Shrinking man, closely examining issues relevant to architectonic embodiment such as: bodily, perceptual, cognitive, affective, and social changes related to alterations in body size relative to people, objects and architectural environments. I next provide a taxonomy of the Gulliver theme and highlight its main psychological features, and then proceed to review relevant work from cognitive science. Although fictional alterations of body-environment scaling far outreach current possibilities in experimental research, I argue that the peripetiae and morals outlined in the literary realm, as products of the human imagination, provide a unique window into the folk-psychology of body and space.

  16. Modifying the explanation of Anvari Abivardi’s literary theory

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    Fatemeh Hakima

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available   Abstract   In the first place, the literary theory is about finding an answer to the question on what makes a verbal message into a work of art . This is related to the particular distinction of Lingual arts from other arts, and other types of Lingual behaviors . That is why literary theory is in the first position among literary studies. (Ahmadi, 1996: 1st volume/77 One of the fundamental aspects of literary studies is interpreting ancient texts from the perspective of the poet or writer’s own literary theory . On this basis, this article aims to discuss the literary theory and poetry structure of Anvari . Indisputably, Anvari’s structure is special and it is certainly based on the perspective, insight and cultural and social conditions in which it grew and formed. Each poet is the composer of their poetry and oratory and Anvary, himself, is the most informed person about his elocution method. He mentioned the elocution method in several places in his Divan:   However, you looking into poetry styles   All taken into account the best style is mine (Anvari, 1958: 1st volume/85   Accordingly, his Divan has been subjected to scrutiny, and judgment criteria have been derived from the verses of the poet .   Anvari believed that poetry is the result of integrating content with discourse whose output is captured hearts . He called poets the granters of speech and in composing poetry, he believed content is prior to discourse. He has an opinion that the container of discourse does accommodate content that on this basis he approached the ideas of " modern hermeneutics ”. He praised original meaning- which was not adopted by other poems- and he described proper poetry using graceful and delicate characteristic. In fact, in his viewpoint, a poem which has original meaning and graceful and delicate verse is a literary discourse which influences the reader .  From his viewpoint:  1- Improvisation and spontaneity

  17. Nooruse valuuta. „Noorkirjanik“ ja „rühmitus“ nullindatel / The Currency of Youth. The "Young Author" and the "Literary Group" in the 2000s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priit Kruus

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is focused on literary groups and the emergence of young authors in the 2000s. So far literary researchers have mainly studied the influential literary groups of the first third of the 20th century (Noor-Eesti, Siuru, Tarapita etc.. But literary groups have had a remarkable impact on contemporary Estonian literature as well. Many present-day well-known writers entered the literary scene through groups which were active in the 1990s (e.g. TNT and Erakkond. In the 2000s forming a literary group lost its appeal as young authors found more individual ways to introduce themselves to the public. At the beginning of the 2000s a couple of attempts were made to form new literary groups, but those groups were short-lived and unproductive (e.g. TNT! and !peatus.Young authors were very active in publishing both on paper and online. The emergence of new publishing channels is one of the reasons why young authors did not have the ambition or need to form groups. For example, in the 2000s literary debuts appeared in the web-based literary club POOGEN and the literary magazine Värske Rõhk (established in 2005. So the 2000s actually saw a new type of convergence: web-based literary clubs and forums. Unfortunately, many of the new channels of the 2000s are already out of reach: the web pages of KLOAAK, noortekas.delfi.ee, People&Poetry, Bahama Press and ThePression have been removed from the internet.Debuts were welcomed by mainstream media eager to spot the next big thing, new rebels and rule breakers. Being “a young author” became a functioning brand, and youth became a form of currency for beginning writers.

  18. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN ORGANIZATION OF EXTRACURRICULAR WORK WITH GIFTED STUDENTS IN THE SYSTEM OF THE LITERARY EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ольга Петрович

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the issue of features of the use of information and communication technology in organizing extra-curricular activities with the literary gifted students. Main attention is drawn on the effective forms and methods of information and communication technology for the successful conduction of extracurricular activities with gifted high school students in literary education system, in particular such as: web quests, QR-codes, QR-quests, Google Groups, multimedia presentations, blogging, virtual tours, use of interactive whiteboards, educational forums, databases educational resources, virtual libraries, creating the electronic portfolio, media library of educational material, comics, doodles, clouds of words etc.

  19. CONTEMPORARY INDIGENOUS LITERATURE: FORMS AND CONTENTS IN THE POETRY AND PROSE OF THE II LITERARY PARTY OF INDIGENOUS POETICS.

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    Deborah Goldemberg

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available By analyzing the forms and contents of the presentations made by indigenous performers and writers at the I Literary Party of Indigenous Poetics, this article exposes the challenges faced by traditional genre theories in tackling indigenous narratives and analyses how this “crisis” contributes to widening hierarchical and Western biased conceptions. On a stage open to contemporary indigenous expression, as is the literary party, the concepts of performance and storytelling, with the social function of maintaining tradition, continuous learning and transformation, better define this indigenous expression.

  20. The Scullery of the Broadcasting House: Female Writers and the Literary Features of the Dutch Broadcasting Organization KRO (1928-1940)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dera, J.J.M.

    2014-01-01

    Departing from the claim that media actively co-construct gender relations in a society, this article focuses on the interwar literary features of the Dutch Catholic radio broadcaster KRO. Similar to all broadcasting organizations in the Dutch Interbellum, the KRO aired these literary features in

  1. How Does an Interactive Approach to Literary Texts Work in an English as a Foreign Language Context? Learners' Perspectives in Close-Up

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Ha Thi Thu

    2016-01-01

    Interactive approaches to literary texts in second/foreign language education have enjoyed wide theoretical and empirical support. However, the teaching of literary texts in traditional English as a foreign language contexts still remains information-oriented, with a focus on the transmission and replication of an objectified interpretation of a…

  2. L'Apprentissage de la Langue de l'Expose Litteraire au Laboratoire (The Learning of the Language of the Literary Essay in the Laboratory). Melanges Pedagogiques, 1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jochum, C.

    This article describes an attempt to give university students of English as a second language instruction in writing literary essays. The students were given literary commentaries to listen to in the language laboratory, and then were asked to summarize these commentaries, using, as much as possible, the structures contained in the original…

  3. It's Not the Book, It's Not the Author, It's the Award: The Lambda Literary Award and the Case for Strategic Essentialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crisp, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    On September 16, 2009, the Lambda Literary Foundation (LLF) released a statement revising their eligibility guidelines for the Lambda Literary Award, the most prestigious citation offered for LGBT books and authors. This criteria, which demands that an author must self-identify as a member of the LGBT family of writers, has been met with…

  4. Symphonic Music from Literary Sources: A Selected Bibliography and Critical Analysis of Musical Works Derived from Legends, Myths, Fairy Tales, Literary Classics, Other Stories, and Poems, and Their Appropriateness and Utility with Elementary School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Evelyn Hope

    This study relates 43 selected symphonic works to the composers' literary sources, on the assumption that familiarity with the sources will improve a student's ability to listen intelligently and will increase the permanent benefits to be derived from both literature and music. The goals of the study were (1) to cite resources and provide…

  5. LITERARY PERFORMANCE AND PERFORMANCE STUDIES OF LITERATURE IN NIETZSCHE’S PHILOSOPHY

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    ROBERT DOLEWSKI

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to show certain threads of Nietzschean philosophy in the context of performance and performance studies, understood here as various actions of mostly artistic provenance (performance complemented by theoretical analysis (performance studies. The crossing point between Nietzsche’s philosophical legacy and the performative content will consist of certain literary strategies performed and documented by the German thinker himself, commented by researchers of his philosophy, and later in similar forms by performance studies as well as by standpoints of psychoanalysis, hermeneutics, or phenomenology. I try to show that it is possible to interpret the author of Thus spoke Zarathustra as a performer and performance studier – a thinker who treated philosophy as an artistic experience, namely as various forms of writing, but also as writing about writing, a more theoretical attitude.

  6. Reading a suspenseful literary text activates brain areas related to social cognition and predictive inference.

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    Moritz Lehne

    Full Text Available Stories can elicit powerful emotions. A key emotional response to narrative plots (e.g., novels, movies, etc. is suspense. Suspense appears to build on basic aspects of human cognition such as processes of expectation, anticipation, and prediction. However, the neural processes underlying emotional experiences of suspense have not been previously investigated. We acquired functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI data while participants read a suspenseful literary text (E.T.A. Hoffmann's "The Sandman" subdivided into short text passages. Individual ratings of experienced suspense obtained after each text passage were found to be related to activation in the medial frontal cortex, bilateral frontal regions (along the inferior frontal sulcus, lateral premotor cortex, as well as posterior temporal and temporo-parietal areas. The results indicate that the emotional experience of suspense depends on brain areas associated with social cognition and predictive inference.

  7. Tradition and the culture of rights at the crossroads: A literary perspective

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    Nompumelelo B. Zondi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Using cultural theories, this article focuses on a literary text that presents a fresh perspective on one of the cultural practices of disposing of a dead body, namely cremation. The scarcity of burial sites is increasingly becoming a concern for municipalities, yet traditional ways of thinking are strongly against cremation. The liberty to investigate the burning issue of cremation as an alternative burial method in this way derives from the fact that through the ages literature (oral and written has been effectively used by creative writers to offer an allusive quality and fictitious setting which has allowed them to comment on contemporary issues without blatantly seeming to do so. In this sense, the novel Intando kamufi (“Will of the deceased” by S. Mathaba contributes to various discourses on cremation, either reinforcing or critiquing it.

  8. A Compound Object Authoring and Publishing Tool for Literary Scholars based on the IFLA-FRBR

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    Anna Gerber

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents LORE (Literature Object Re-use and Exchange, a light-weight tool which is designed to allow literature scholars and teachers to author, edit and publish compound information objects encapsulating related digital resources and bibliographic records. LORE enables users to easily create OAI-ORE-compliant compound objects, which build on the IFLA FRBR model, and also enables them to describe and publish them to an RDF repository as Named Graphs. Using the tool, literary scholars can create typed relationships between individual atomic objects using terms from a bibliographic ontology and can attach metadata to the compound object. This paper describes the implementation and user interface of the LORE tool, as developed within the context of an ongoing case study being conducted in collaboration with AustLit: The Australian Literature Resource, which focuses on compound objects for teaching and research within the Australian literature studies community.

  9. The Child as a Subject of Rights and Children’s Literary Writing

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    Alexander Ruiz Silva

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17227/01234870.41folios23.35 This paper focuses especially on the imagination of children and their written expression. An action-research project about children as subjects of rights was carried out, where the centerpiece were the stories written by fourth graders (mostly 8 years old from a public elementary school in Bogotá. The stories talked around children’s violated, defiled, screened, and, in some cases, restored rights. The different sections of the paper refer to aspects concerning the origin, context, basis, and development of this pedagogical-research experience, as well as the main findings, which could not be other than the same literary production of the children who participated in the experience.

  10. The fraternal complex between psychoanalysis and myth A literary example: Strange Shores

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    Marco Liotta

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The field of siblings relationship, initially considered in psychoanalysis mostly in its interaction with the oedipal dynamics, knows today important developments so that the "fraternal complex" has achieved its own independence. The paper aims to investigate the “fraternal complex” both in psychoanalytic area , from the Freudian perspective to contemporary authors, and in myth and literature. It is traced the birth and development of this concept showing how its different facets had been largely anticipated by the myth, especially Jewish myth. The second part of the article focuses on a literary example, “Strange Shores" by A. Indriðason, that offers many ideas to explore some of the dynamics of the fraternal complex in its intersection with fundamental issues in the field of psychoanalysis as the symbol, the double, the shadow, the guilt and the mourning.  

  11. A COGNITIVE PRAGMATIC PERSPECTIVE ON EPISTEMIC MODALITY IN LITERARY DISCOURSE AND ITS PEDAGOGICAL IMPLICATIONS

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    Lalu Muhaimi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This is a cognitive pragmatic study of the use of the items of epistemic modality in a narrative fiction. The aims of this study are to identify, analyze and describe the ways the items of epistemic modality are used. Their contextual meanings, functions, and implication to the pedagogical attempts are also unfolded. The results of the interpretative and descriptive analysis reveal that the items of epistemic modality are found to be very dominant which also suggests that the genre of narrative fiction is linguistically characterized by the utterances that are established on the basis of knowledge and reasoning. The items of epistemic modality are found to be polysemous and poly-functional which are reflected pragmatically in the forms of politeness, negotiative and constructive functions. All these lead to the acknowledgement that the use of the items of linguistic modality in literary discourse and their usage for language teaching in the applied linguistic contexts is worth conducting.

  12. Religious and secular Cape Malay Afrikaans: Literary varieties used by Shaykh Hanif Edwards (1906-1958

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    Xavier Luffin

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the White and Christian-dominated Afrikaans language movements, followed by apartheid, little attention has been paid to an Afrikaans literary variety used among Muslim Cape Coloureds, a group often referred to as ‘Cape Malays’. Descending mainly from Asian slaves brought by the Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC, Dutch East India Company, and bearing the marks of cohabitation with non-Asian populations at the Cape, the Cape Malays at an early stage developed a distinct religious culture through their adherence to Islam, as well as a distinct Cape Dutch linguistic identity through their connections with the Dutch East Indies and the Islamic world. These cultural idiosyncrasies found expression in a local literature, religious and (more rarely secular, using as a medium a variety of Cape Dutch/Afrikaans written either in the Arabic alphabet or in the Roman alphabet.

  13. Viejas historias de Castilla la Vieja (1969: proverbs in the literary texts of Miguel Delibes

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    Marina García Yelo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The author of the article presents the general classification of how proverbs are inserted into texts and analyzes three basic types of enunciation in literary text Viejas historias de Castilla la Vieja (1969 of Spanish writer Miguel Delibes. In the seventeen chapters we read about the everyday, iterative and timeless life of the geographical environment of the people of Castile, with special focus on their customs and language. The latter is characterized by all kinds of proverbs. Delibes employs proverbs to show a popular language, full of references to the collective knowledge, and inserts them in the discourses of the characters in two fundamental ways: directly without referring to the fact that this is a judgmental statement or indirectly.

  14. Space of Transit, Place of Memory: Ma’abarah and Literary Landscapes of Arab Jews

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    Piera Rossetto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Sifrut ha-ma’abarah (transit camp literature represents a narrative space where contemporary Israeli authors of Middle Eastern origin tell the stories forgotten, considered insignificant, and often repressed of the “oriental Jews” (Mizraḥim, who emigrated to Israel from North Africa and the Middle East during the 1950’s and the 1960’s.After a brief historical introduction on the ma’abarot (transit camps, I aim to unravel the experience of the ma’abarah as a “place of memory” and a “narrative place.” My reflections are based on the concept of “space/place” as conveyed from a human geography perspective. In this framework, I suggest different “literary declensions” through which ma’abarah might be interpreted, and in particular as a narrative place of defiance, resistance, and exile.

  15. ONTOPICAL ISSUES OF CONVEYING THE ETHNO-SPECIFIC COMPONENT OF THE LITERARY TEXT TRANSLATION

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    Larisa Kasbulatovna Parsieva

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The article considers topical issues of literary works translation as well as preservation of the national flavor of the original text. Bilingual translation as intercultural communication presupposes a good knowledge of vocabulary, ethno-linguistic and cultural features of contact languages. Methodology. The study used descriptive and comparative methods. Results. The results of the study might contribute to the theory and practice of translation, might find application in the translation of prose and poetry in both the Russian and Ossetian languages. Practical implications. The results of the study can be applied in the field of teaching the Ossetian language in University and school, general and special lexicology, theory and practice of translation, for compiling grammars and lexicographical publications.

  16. Representation of Social Realities of Latin America in Marquez’s Literary Discourse

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    Mohammad B. Aghaei

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Gabriel Garcia Marquez is always keen on presenting to the people the various facets of their history. His literary language acts as effective means for describing the critical historical aspects of Latin America because the legacy of colonialism had destroyed so many important traces of the native culture of that area. This has led him to search for his identity by looking at various periods, before and after colonization. Because of this, the historical and cultural issues were his main thematic subject matters; such as savagely fought wars of independence, bloody conflict between the political parties, massacre of banana workers, deplorable effects of Hispanic culture on the community. Keywords: colonialism, plagues, cultural values, power of love, skeptical rationalism

  17. Athlete and advertising: reflections of advertising contracts sports exposed in literary works by Harlan Coben

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    Laís Cristyne Alexandre dos Santos

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Harlan Coben, an american crime writer, uses sports elements as constituents of its narrative structure. We sought to identify the relations between the sports field and the exposed advertising in the works "Deal Breaker" (2011 and "Drop Shot" (2012, first plot of the series "Myron Bolitar", through the analysis of characters Christian Steele and Duane Richwood. For this, we used the precepts about literary analysis proposed by Antonio Candido (2000, which considers text and context as constructs narratives, if noting that Coben portraying such characters as poster boys subject to the ephemera present both in sports, as the permanence related to media conglomerates and punctuates companies sporting goods of high impact marketing in this segment of the 1990s.

  18. LITERARY NARRATIVE IN THE DAILY PRINT MEDIA: ZERO HORA AND GAZETA DO SUL

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    Demétrio de Azeredo Soster

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to investigate the presence of specific categories in journalistic narratives in daily newspapers – feature story and interpretative news- and their use of elements from the literary narrative. This  movement presents itself as a strategy from which the devices reiterate their identity links, making possible their operations, producing new meanings and provoking differences that generate further differences. The results of the empirical research undertaken over 30 days – from September 1st to September 30th, 2010 - based on two of the main daily newspapers in Rio Grande do Sul: Zero Hora, from Porto Alegre, and Gazeta do Sul, from Santa Cruz do Sul, suggest that a process of increasing complexity in journalism is at play, as revealed by the lack of journalistic categories and genres, hitherto viewed as indicators of deeper layers of meaning than textual reificators,

  19. Multimodality and the literary text: making sense of Safran Foer's Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Nina

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the applicability of a multimodal framework to the analysis of literature. The framework adopted is that proposed by Kress and Van Leeuwen (2001) and Van Leeuwen (2005). In seeking to develop a detailed and consistent methodology that will allow us to deal with multimodal...... texts in an informed manner, Kress and Van Leeuwen's approach extends the basic ideas of Halliday's Systemic Functional Linguistics and his view of language as a social semiotics to encompass the analysis of texts which are more than purely verbal. The article focuses in particular on concepts...... such as modality, cohesion, information value and information linking as well as on the impact of production and distribution as meaning-making factors in literary texts. The text selected for analysis is Jonathan Safran Foer's novel Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close (2005), which - with its use of different...

  20. If They Were Real: Lessons Learned from Literary Characters With Dementia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazer, Meredith Wallace; Osborn, Karen

    2015-09-01

    Dementia and its side effects often leave individuals unable to tell their stories or experiences. Consequently, nurses must rely strictly on clinical observations as a basis for understanding dementia--an understanding that is necessary to provide the best possible care. Relying on clinical observations leads to challenges in fully understanding the experience of living with dementia. Fictional literature gives authors license to write about individuals with dementia rather than the clinical aspects of the disease, which provides insight into the patient and family experience and illustrates their needs. The current article explores dementia through an analysis of eight literary works and insights that may help expand the quality of geriatric nursing care. Copyright 2015, SLACK Incorporated.

  1. Reading Ella: using literary patients to enhance nursing students' reflective thinking in the classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohlman, Shawn

    2013-11-23

    This action research study was designed to explore, in-depth, how 70 senior nursing students experienced an assignment that involved reading and reflecting on a short story, Ella, and the educator's experience during the process. Four sources of data were collected: student reflections, field notes, a classroom process recording by an expert educator/observer, and a focus group interview. Four themes emerged: (1) student reflections revealed their inner, often hidden landscapes; (2) Ella prompted clarification of the past and/or triggered future projective thinking; (3) Ella clarified difficult-to-teach concepts; and (4) the interface between students' thoughts and teacher responses provided a platform of connectivity. I propose that reading well-written stories may enhance students' clinical reasoning skills and ethical comportment within the confines of a classroom. In addition, when students are introduced to literary patients like Ella, they can dwell with the characters at a more peaceful pace which, in itself, may encourage reflectivity.

  2. Reading a suspenseful literary text activates brain areas related to social cognition and predictive inference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehne, Moritz; Engel, Philipp; Rohrmeier, Martin; Menninghaus, Winfried; Jacobs, Arthur M; Koelsch, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    Stories can elicit powerful emotions. A key emotional response to narrative plots (e.g., novels, movies, etc.) is suspense. Suspense appears to build on basic aspects of human cognition such as processes of expectation, anticipation, and prediction. However, the neural processes underlying emotional experiences of suspense have not been previously investigated. We acquired functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data while participants read a suspenseful literary text (E.T.A. Hoffmann's "The Sandman") subdivided into short text passages. Individual ratings of experienced suspense obtained after each text passage were found to be related to activation in the medial frontal cortex, bilateral frontal regions (along the inferior frontal sulcus), lateral premotor cortex, as well as posterior temporal and temporo-parietal areas. The results indicate that the emotional experience of suspense depends on brain areas associated with social cognition and predictive inference.

  3. Historical and literary roots of Münchhausen syndromes: as intriguing as the syndromes themselves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olry, Régis; Haines, Duane E

    2013-01-01

    Hieronymus Carl Friedrich Freiherr von Münchhausen (1720-1797) was a famous eighteenth-century teller of extravagant stories. In 1785, Rudolph Erich Raspe anonymously published the first book-form edition of Münchhausen's Tales, and a German translation was made available by Gottfried August Bürger the following year. Since that time, these adventures remained a best seller, and the name of the Baron was twice referred to in psychiatric terminology: "Münchhausen syndrome" coined by Richard Asher in 1951 and "Münchhausen syndrome by proxy" coined by Roy Meadow in 1977. This chapter examines the legitimacy of these terms in the light of historical and literary records and analyzes the synonyms or clinical types as found in medical publications. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Reading Picturebooks "as Literature": Four-to-Six-Year-Old Children and the Development of Literary Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Pol, Coosje

    2012-01-01

    This article explores what it means to be a competent reader of picture storybooks by examining the abilities of some 4-6-year-olds, who were read stories aloud in class. Jonathan Culler's concept of "literary competence" was used to tease out the children's implicit knowledge of the structures and conventions that enable them to read a work of…

  5. "Brilliant, Bright, Boiling Words": Literary Disability, Language and the Writing Body in the Work of Christopher Nolan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coogan, Tom

    2012-01-01

    This article uses theory on disability, embodiment and language to explore the production, context and presentation of two pieces of life-writing by Christopher Nolan. It examines Nolan's unusual use of language and form in his presentations of an experience of disability, and considers its literary and political significance. Consideration is…

  6. ON THE «PROPFECIES» OF HELLEN WHITE AS MODELS OF LITERARY «VISIONS» AND FUNDAMENTAL BELIEVES OF ADVENTISM

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    Vladimir Yakovlevich Laluev

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of research is to analyze the prophecies of Ellen White about the future, as examples of literary vision and the basic tenets of Adventism. In this sense, her two books «Experiences and visions» and «Spiritual Gifts» representing the genre of «literary visions», dating back to V. Leglend and Dante are especially representative. It is here that the doctrinal concepts of contemporary Adventism were formed.The methodological base of the research served as: the historical formation of Religious Studies, Ontopsychology, Culture Studies.The interdisciplinary approach allowed the philosophical and cognitive analysis of prophetic texts of Ellen White to rise to the level of scientific and identify it in a prophetic vision, the samples of literary and artistic creation. Summarizing, it is concluded that a great help in the development of this exclusive material had been influenced by spiritual experiences of Christian mystics: Saint Ephrem, V. Leglenda, I. Floris, Dante J. Boehme, E. Swedenborg, and so on. This is an incomplete number of authors, who can be attributed to the genre of literary visions.

  7. Rebirth of the Nouveau Roman: 9/11 as a Crisis of Confidence in American Literary Aesthetics

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    Daniel Davis Wood

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that 9/11 created a crisis of confidence amongst writers of American fiction by problematizing literary realism’s claims to verisimiltude and so undermining it as a plausible and credible mode of fiction. Surveying the post-9/11 debate over the merits and shortcomings of realism, this article suggests that the unlikely beneficiary of this crisis of confidence has been the contemporary nouveau roman, a mode of fiction that originates from within the literary traditions of continental Europe. The emergence of writers, publishers, reviewers, and readers attracted to the nouveau roman as a mode of literature in opposition to realism—and engaged in its production, evaluation, promotion, and dissemination—seems to signify a widespread dissatisfaction with the predominant American literary response to the crisis of 9/11. Providing a brief history of the emergence of this post-9/11 institutional support for the nouveau roman, this article contends that the nouveau roman requires a place in literary histories of post-9/11 American fiction even if it does not explicitly address the subject of 9/11 itself.

  8. How books travel: Translation flows and practices of Dutch acquiring editors and New York literary scouts, 1980-2009

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Franssen, T.P.

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation concerns the ways in which literary and poetry books travel across the globe. First, I ask quantitatively from which foreign languages fiction and poetry books are translated into Dutch and how these translation flows developed between 1980 and 2009. To do so, I construct a dataset

  9. "Being an English Major, Being a Humanities Student": Connecting Academic Subject Identity in Literary Studies to Other Social Domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Evelyn T. Y.

    2016-01-01

    This study examined students' construction of academic subject identity in a university humanities discipline, English literary studies. In so doing, the study aimed to provide an empirically grounded intervention in current debates on the value of the humanities in higher education. Eight students participated in interviews lasting 15-20 minutes…

  10. Vicarious substitution in the literary work of Shusaku Endō : On fools, animals, objects and doubles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coenradie, S.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/328202711

    2016-01-01

    This research systematically examines the theme of vicarious substitution in Shūsaku Endō’s literary work. It aims at enriching the traditional concepts of vicarious substitution. This study results in the following typology of vicarious substituion in Endo's literature: Christ-figures, including

  11. El Escritor y las Normas del Canon Literario (The Writer and the Norms of the Literary Canon).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Policarpo, Alcibiades

    This paper speculates about whether a literary canon exists in contemporary Latin American literature, particularly in the prose genre. The paper points to Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and Mario Vargas Llosa as the three authors who might form this traditional and liberal canon with their works "La Muerte de Artemio Cruz"…

  12. Reading the World's Classics Critically: A Keyword-Based Approach to Literary Analysis in Foreign Language Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, Nuria Alonso; Caplan, Alison

    2014-01-01

    While there are a number of important critical pedagogies being proposed in the field of foreign language study, more attention should be given to providing concrete examples of how to apply these ideas in the classroom. This article offers a new approach to the textual analysis of literary classics through the keyword-based methodology originally…

  13. STRUCTURAL AND CONTENT-RELATED SPECIFICITY OF PROGRAMME LITERARY CRITICISM TEXTS IN THE JOURNAL

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    Shilnikova Olga Gennadyevna

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article specifies the notions of the structural, content-related, figurative, and functional characteristics of the texts which are traditionally referred to the group of informational genres of journalism. This lets us update the system of factors that influence the formation of the texts' genre specificity in the mass media. The analysis of programme literary criticism speeches published in the journals of N.M. Karamzin – Moskovsky Zhurnal, Vestnik Evropy – shows that not only rational and logical structures accomplish the constructive function in the text-formation mechanisms of such publications. The use of imaginative resources of journalistic and artistic discourses plays an important role in the implementation of the author's intentions. The supplementation of programme texts with the components non-typical of informational genres (lyrical and biographical fragments, expressive lexis, artistic and journalistic forms of the author's subjectivity expression is conditioned by organic interaction of several pragmatic goals in the texts, such as: informational, author's individual (Karamzin as a personality, and author's professional (Karamzin as an editor, writer, literary critic. These peculiarities together with a subtext contribute to the formation of new features of programme publications, which are not common for informational genres such as aesthetic function and multi-discursivity, reflected in semantic, expressive and vocabulary redundance. They also expand the range of possible effects on audience – cognitive, emotive, behavioral and communicative. As a result, a unique informational text of a programme type is formed. Therefore, a strict differentiation of genre forms of journal texts is only possible when taking into consideration all the possible text goals, as well as its role in the organization of common-journal discourse and publication policy.

  14. The Danube – Mythical Space in the Literary Text (Voiculescu V. and Meniuc G.

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    Victoria Fonari

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available From the perspective of the space the myth of the water is the specific one, which, trough its fluidity comes close to the myth of the air and also, through the dynamic force draws close to the myth of the fire, opposed to the earth which is the sign of stability. Studying the myth, we will approach to the image of Danube in the literary texts of Vasile Voiculescu and of George Meniuc. Both authors are tempted to absorb the own experiences through the phantasmagorical images, where the reality blends skillfully with the imagination, water having the function to cross the being into another world which is so little known. For V. Voiculescu, the water can be placed neither in the past, nor in the future, it lives in the circle time. It holds the secret of destiny. Even if it seems predictable, it contains the mysteries that can not be definitively perceived. For V. Voiculesc the river lends the poem which links the man to the aquatic life. Thus the fisherman, Amin, is convinced that he comes from the sturgeon, just like the old Santiago, the character from the novel of Ernest Hemingway, who is united with the porpoises and the flying fish. G. Meniuc is the artist who kept artistically silent in the fiftyřs in MSSR, being suspected during his life of the beginning of his literary career in the interwar period. That is why, Danube represents the space of the knowledge, of a freedom that combines the contemplation, the decoding and the memory. By the Danube (Reni and Tulcea G. Meniuc reveals the Romanian ethnic space.

  15. A Literary Approach to teaching English Language in a Multi – Cultural Class - Room

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    Sanju Choudhary

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Literature is not generally considered as a coherent branch of the curriculum in relation to language – development in either mother tongue or foreign language – teaching. As teachers of English in Multi cultural Indian class rooms we come across students with varying degree of competence in English language learning. Though, language learning is a natural process for natives but the Students of other languages put in colossal efforts to learn it. Despite   their sincere efforts they face challenges regarding Pronunciation, Spelling and Vocabulary. The Indian class rooms are a microcosm of the larger society, so teaching English language in a manner which equips the students to face the cut-throat competition has become a necessity and a challenge for English language Teachers. English today has become the key determinant for getting success in their career. The hackneyed and stereotypical methods of teaching are not acceptable now. Teachers have no longer remained arbitrary dispensers of knowledge but they are playing the role of a guide and facilitator for the students. Teachers of English are using innovative ideas to make English language teaching and learning interesting and simple. Teachers have started using the literary texts and their analysis to explore and ignite the imagination and creative skills of the students. One needs to think and rethink the contribution of literature to intelligent thinking as well as its role in the process of teaching – learning. My paper would, therefore, be an attempt at exploring the nature of the literary experience in the present day class rooms; and the broader role of literature in life.

  16. Micromégas: Altered Body–Environment Scaling in Literary Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieguez, Sebastian

    2016-01-01

    Architectonic embodiment postulates a bidirectional link between bodily awareness and the architectural environment. The standard size and features of the human body, for instance, are thought to influence the structure of interiors and buildings, as well as their perception and appreciation. Whereas architectural practice and theory, the visual arts and more recently the cognitive sciences have explored this relationship of humans with their crafted environments, many fictional literary works have long experimented with alterations of body–environment scaling. This so-called Gulliver theme – popular in the science-fiction genre but also in children’s literature and philosophical satire – reveals, as a recurrent thought-experiment, our preoccupation with proportions and our fascination for the infinitely small and large. Here I provide an overview of the altered scaling theme in literature, including classics such as Voltaire’s Micromégas, Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, Caroll’s Alice, and Matheson’s The Shrinking man, closely examining issues relevant to architectonic embodiment such as: bodily, perceptual, cognitive, affective, and social changes related to alterations in body size relative to people, objects and architectural environments. I next provide a taxonomy of the Gulliver theme and highlight its main psychological features, and then proceed to review relevant work from cognitive science. Although fictional alterations of body-environment scaling far outreach current possibilities in experimental research, I argue that the peripetiae and morals outlined in the literary realm, as products of the human imagination, provide a unique window into the folk-psychology of body and space. PMID:27148156

  17. Psychoactive plants described in a Brazilian literary work and their chemical compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otsuka, Rafaela Denise; Lago, João Henrique Ghilardi; Rossi, Lucia; Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandes; Rodrigues, Eliana

    2010-09-01

    Ethnopharmacological research investigates the plants and other medicinal and toxic substances utilized by different traditional populations. One approach in this field is a literature search of the available publications on medicinal plants. The purpose of the current study was to select plants with psychoactive effects described in a Brazilian literary work written by Pio Correa in 1926. Those mentioned plants were classified in accordance with their indications for use as stimulants and depressors of the central nervous system. For the phytochemical study herein, we researched these species via a database search, and all the obtained information was compiled into a new database to analyze possible correlations between the chemical compounds and the psychoactive categories. Of the 813 plants searched in the literary work, 104 presented chemical data in the scientific periodicals consulted. Seventy-five of them belong to the stimulant category, while 31 are depressors and two of them belong to both categories. Phenols and flavonoids were the main compounds observed in plants of both categories, though at different frequencies. Monoterpenes (29.9%) and sesquiterpenes (28.6%) were also observed in plants from the stimulant category, while 25.8% of plants from the depressor category were comprised of carotenoids and 22.6% of steroids. The main specific compounds were identified as ferulic acid, α-pinene, limonene, α-humulene and kaempferol among the stimulant plants. Otherwise, in depressor plants were characterized caffeic acid, kaempferol, quercetin, β-carotene, physalins and withanolides as specific compounds. The association between ethnopharmacological and chemotaxonomic data, as presented in this study, could support plant selection in further investigations by research groups whose studies focus on psychoactive plants as potential therapeutics.

  18. Literariness and Racial Consciousness in Paule Marshall’s Memoir Triangular Road and Gloria Naylor’s Fictionalized Memoir 1996

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    Łobodziec Agnieszka

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Black American women writers were side-lined by the literary canon as recently as the 1980s. Today, as a result of their agency, a distinct literary tradition that bears witness to black women’s particular expressiveness is recognized. Bernard Bell observes that the defining features common to most literary works by black American women are a focus on racist oppression, black female protagonists, the pursuit of demarginalization, women’s bonding, women’s relationship with the community, the power of emotions, and black female language. Although these elements refer predominantly to novels, they are also present in Paule Marshall’s memoir Triangular Road (2009 and Gloria Naylor’s fictionalized memoir 1996 (2005. Moreover, the two works are fitting examples of racial art, the point of departure of which, according to Black Arts Movement advocates, should be the black experience. Actually, since through memoirs the authors offer significant insights into themselves, the genre seems closer to this objective of racial art than novels. At the same time, taking into consideration the intricate plot structures, vivid images, and emotional intensity, their memoirs evidence the quality of literariness i.e., in formalist terms, the set of features that distinguish texts from non-literary ones, for instance, reports, articles, text books, and encyclopaedic biographical entries. Moreover, Marshall and Naylor utilize creative imagination incorporating fabulation, stories within stories, and people or events they have never personally encountered, which dramatizes and intensifies the experiences they relate. In Marshall’s memoir, the fictitious elements are discernable when she imagines the historical past. Naylor demarks imagined narrative passages with separate sections that intertwine with those based upon her actual life experience.

  19. Surviving to Tell the Tale: Josef Haslinger’s Phi Phi Island (2007

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    Katharina Gerstenberger

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Literary texts about historical disasters tend to offer moral, political, or scientific interpretations of the occurrence that go well beyond the immediate experience of a catastrophe. They are, almost exclusively, written by people who did not in fact experience the catastrophic event. Survivor accounts, by contrast, typically do not have literary qualities. Phi Phi Island, the Austrian writer and essayist Josef Haslinger's literary report on how he and his family lived through the tsunami of 2004, is an exception. Point of departure for Haslinger's narrative is his inability to rejoice in the fact that he is alive. Carefully crafted and beautifully realized, his text combines the reconstruction of the events with reflections about how one can tell such a story in the first place. This essay analyzes Haslinger's strategies for coming to terms with the coincidence of survival, observing that the very personal nature of the report stands in noticeable contrast to the writer's commitment to political commentary in his other works.

  20. Multinationals and plant survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bandick, Roger

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this paper is twofold: first, to investigate how different ownership structures affect plant survival, and second, to analyze how the presence of foreign multinational enterprises (MNEs) affects domestic plants’ survival. Using a unique and detailed data set on the Swedish manufacturing...... sector, I am able to separate plants into those owned by foreign MNEs, domestic MNEs, exporting non-MNEs, and purely domestic firms. In line with previous findings, the result, when conditioned on other factors affecting survival, shows that foreign MNE plants have lower survival rates than non......-MNE plants. However, separating the non-MNEs into exporters and non-exporters, the result shows that foreign MNE plants have higher survival rates than non-exporting non-MNEs, while the survival rates of foreign MNE plants and exporting non-MNE plants do not seem to differ. Moreover, the simple non...

  1. English Reading Skills to Be Developed through Literary Texts : From the Viewpoint of the New Course of Study and Theories of Communication Skills

    OpenAIRE

    小野, 章

    2013-01-01

    The 65th meeting of The English Literary Society of Japan, Chugoku-Shikoku Branch was held at Kochi University on 27-28 October 2012. On the second day a symposium was held under the title, “What can literary scholars do when methods of teaching reading are getting diversified?" I took part in it as one of the five lecturers and I spoke on the reading skills to be developed through literary texts. This paper is based on what I spoke then. The target learners are 1st or 2nd year Japanese u...

  2. Keeping it real for the sake of my career: An exploration of teaching creative writing in the broader Afrikaans literary system (1995–2012

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    Leti Kleyn

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the impact which training for creative writers has had in the wider Afrikaans literary system during the period 1995–2012 with specific reference to creative writing as postgraduate qualification. Development of the subject on tertiary level and the role of mentorship in the development of creative writing talent are examined. Furthermore, the investigation covers the number of solo book publications to date by people who followed courses in creative writing, how training in writing affects packaging, as well as the reception and awarding of literary prizes. Lastly, the teaching of creative writing within the literary system (both positively and negatively is taken into consideration.

  3. Edward Said’s Worldliness, Amateurism and Heterotopia: Negotiating the Interdisciplinarity of Literary Theory, Canonicity, and Paradigm

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    Ayman Abu-Shomar

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Literary criticism nowadays is essentially crossing the boundaries of disciplinarity and canonicity where literary theory has increasingly been shaped by overlapping concepts and branching out of theories as well as whipping out the limitations imposed by theory itself. The post-conditions of contemporaneity have imposed a view of reading and analysing the literary text that is dynamic, proliferated and in flux as well as resistant to monolithic critique and confined disciplines and professionalization. This outlook has increasingly made the notions of literary criticism, theoretical paradigms and canons not only artificial and irrelevant to our materialistic world, but, in many cases, ‘violent’ to those whose life concerns exist in the margins of these paradigmatic notions. In this essay, I argue that those of us who aspire to an interdisciplinary and a metacritical analyses would be well served by importing inspirations from Edward Said’s work, scholarship and life, particularly drawing on his ‘Worldliness’, ‘Amateurism’ and ‘Heteroglossia’ (or heterotopia as well as drawing examples from his negotiation with intellectual paradoxes and tensions informed by his positionality as a border crosser intellectual (or his exilic consciousness. Specifically, this article engages with Said as an author of a radically secular body of work marked by as comportment towards being, and as an example of an “amateur” critic who “speak[s] truth to power”. It argues that Said instates a critically-interrogative scholarship as antidote to essentialist, politicised, determinist and hegemonic literary canons (whether those of texts or theory which are paradigmatically informed by relations of power in academia. The paper argues that through the investment of his scholarship and personal life, Said rejects academic institutions and affiliations with their tendency towards doctrinaire assumptions of critical work. Further to this, Said

  4. Arabic literary elements in the structure of the Libro de buen amor

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    Monroe, James T.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines several aspects of Arab-Islamic culture, about which Juan Ruiz, Archpriest of Hita, and putative author of the Libro de buen amor, betrays evidence of some knowledge. It goes on to suggest that, while the LBA`s literary materials are largely of Western origin, its structure is indebted to a unique combination of certain Oriental literary genres, thereby making it a culturally hybrid work. The article further suggests that the LBA may be read according to three levels of meaning, in accordance with the Averroistic approach to, and conception of, truth, of which the highest, or philosophical level, involves a veiled critique of the doctrine of ecclesiastical celibacy, adopted by the Western Church only a century before the Archpriest composed his work

    En este artículo se examinan algunos aspectos de la cultura arabigoislámica, de los cuales Juan Ruiz, Arcipreste de Hita, presunto autor del Libro del Buen Amor, demuestra poseer cierto conocimiento. De resultas se sugiere que, mientras los materiales literarios constituyentes del Libro son de raigambre occidental, su estructura se debe a una combinación de ciertos géneros literarios orientales, de lo cual el Libro resultaría ser una obra culturalmente híbrida. Además, se sugiere que el libro debe interpretarse según tres niveles de significado, de acuerdo con la metodología desarrollada por Averroes para captar la verdad, y que, de esos tres niveles, el más elevado, a saber , el filosófico, nos conduce a una crítica velada de la doctrina del celibato eclesiástico, adoptada por la iglesia occidental solo un siglo antes de la época en que el Arcipreste escribiera su obra.

  5. Arabic literary elements in the structure of the Libro de buen amor (II

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    Monroe, James T.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines several aspects of Arab- Islamic culture, about which Juan Ruiz, Archpriest of Hita, and putative author of the Libro de buen amor, betrays evidence of some knowledge. It goes on to suggest that, while the LBA’s literary materials are largely of Western origin, its structure is indebted to a unique combination of certain Oriental literary genres, thereby making it a culturally hybrid work. The article further suggests that the LBA may be read according to three levels of meaning, in accordance with the Averroistic approach to, and conception of, truth, of which the highest, or philosophical level, involves a veiled critique of the doctrine of ecclesiastical celibacy, adopted by the Western Church only a century before the Archpriest composed his work.

    En este artículo se examinan algunos aspectos de la cultura arabigoislámica de los cuales Juan Ruiz, Arcipreste de Hita, presunto autor del Libro de buen amor, demuestra poseer cierto conocimiento. De resultas se sugiere que, mientras los materiales literarios constituyentes del Libro son de raigambre occidental, su estructura se debe a una combinación de ciertos géneros literarios orientales, de lo cual el Libro resultaría ser una obra culturalmente híbrida. Además, se sugiere que el Libro debe interpretarse según tres niveles de significado, de acuerdo con la metodología desarrollada por Averroes para captar la verdad, y que, de esos tres niveles, el más elevado, a saber, el filosófico, nos conduce a una crítica velada de la doctrina del celibato eclesiástico, adoptada por la iglesia occidental sólo un siglo antes de la época en que el Arcipreste escribiera su obra.

  6. From Modernity to Post-Modernity: Conflicting Voices in Literary Discourse – A Corpus Analysis of You and One

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    de Sousa Alcina Maria Pereira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the possibilities of a corpus analysis applied to literary study and interpretation. It is thus its goal to present some findings related to the disambiguation of some pronominal references, i.e. you and one, as they occur in speech and thought presentation in prose fiction, across periods in the 20th century. The texts selected are two of Virginia Woolf's novels (early and late modernist period and one by Hugo Hamilton (in the postmodern era. The analysis benefits from a multi-layered interpretive framework drawing on discourse analysis, corpus-based approaches and literary study, particularly in that it unpacks ways in which writers make use of linguistic structures. These involve readers in a dialogic interpretation of the text's “polyphony” and “heteroglossia”, either conveying the generic pronoun reference or the protagonist's inner voice.

  7. Fostering Intercultural Communicative Competence Through Reading Authentic Literary Texts in an Advanced Colombian EFL Classroom: A Constructivist Perspective

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    Luis Fernando Gómez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes an action research experience carried out in an advanced English as a foreign language classroom of the language program at a university in Bogotá, Colombia, in 2010. The study proposes the inclusion of authentic literary texts in the English as a foreign language classroom through the implementation of four constructivist approaches as a means to develop intercultural communicative competence. Data were collected to show how those approaches engaged learners to read authentic literary short stories, to negotiate meaning, and to develop intercultural competence. It demonstrates that integrating language and literature in English as a foreign language not only constitutes a communicative reading practice, but the opportunity to construct cultural knowledge through social interaction.

  8. Alone among Men. Zofia Nałkowska as an Institution of Literary Life in Inter-War Poland.

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    Ewa Kraskowska

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the role of Zofia Nałkowska in inter-war Polish literary culture. Her activity in the structures of literary life was combined with personal commitment to promotion of young talented authors. While she maintained close bonds with the political elites of the Polish Republic, she also functioned above the ideological divisions, actively supporting authors who were opposed the state. As the only woman she was member of the Polish Academy of Literature. Her participation in the official forms of public life forced her to spend time mostly in male company. At the same time, Nałkowska’s most important relationships, both with women and men, developed in private space.

  9. The iconic significance of the Psalms as a literary genre for speaking about God: A phenomenological perspective

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    Daniël P. Veldsman

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available To explore the impossible impossibility of speaking about God and to address, on the one hand, the unacceptable modernistic rational robe of totalisation and the return of the subject in postmodern contexts, on the other, this article pursued the phenomenological approach of Jean-Luc Marion’s hermeneutic of the icon. His approach is connected in a creative manner to the literary ‘eyes’ of the Psalter, focusing on the distinction of idol–icon by Marion in his understanding of the gaze of the worshipper and the subsequent conceptualisation of the infinite God in finite human terms. It was finally argued that the literary genre of the Psalter, viewed from a hermeneutic of the icon, presents not only an exciting perspective on the threshold of the ‘[im-]possible’ for speaking about God, but also on the return of the subject in the broadened horizon of the ‘unsayable’ and ‘unrepresentable’.

  10. “As Fully Incomprehensible as the Northern Lights”: Literary Identities in The Adventures of an Author

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    Heather Ladd

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay considers an anonymously-written and understudied novel, The Adventures of an Author (1767, as self-consciously reflecting the complexities and multiplicities of professional authorship in the mid-eighteenth century. Containing a vividly-realized fictive print society, this two-volume work revolves around the exploits of a writer-protagonist named Jack Atall who confusedly constructs his own literary autobiography. Investigating The Adventures of an Author as a comic negotiation of developing conceptions of authorship and the book trade, the novel is read as ironically underlining how discussions like Young’s Conjectures on Original Composition and Ralph’s Case of Authors fall short in defining and defending the professional author. It can be argued that Adventures represents the period’s conceptions of authorship as unstable, depicting the chaotic inclusivity of the Republic of Letters and the inability of authorial polemics to contain and control the operations of the literary marketplace.

  11. Suggestopedic texts for foreign language teaching: some literary and didactic considerations

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    Rainer Kussler

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the basic principles of Lozanov's Suggestopedia are interpreted in terms of Watzlawick et a! (1980 as an orchestrated attempt to further "analogic" communication. Many suggestopedic texts are, however, based on concepts of language and language didactics which do not facilitate analogic communication. The article examines some fundamental literary and didactic criteria which should be applied to a text so that it lends itself to analogic communication, i.e. proper suggestopedic presentation and activation, and at the same time conforms to present day standards of language didactics. Die basiese beginsels van Lozanov se Suggestopedagogiek word hier vertolk in terme van 'n georkestreerde poging om "analogiese" kommunikasie te bevorder (Watzlawick et al 1980. Baie van die bestaande suggestopediese tekste is egter gebaseer op taalkonsepte en taaldidaktiek wat nie bevorderlik is vir analogiese kommunikasie nie. Met hierdie artikel word fundamentele literere en didaktiese maatstawe ondersoek wat aangele behoort te word om te verseker dat 'n teks homself leen tot analogiese kommunikasie: Behoorlikc suggestopediese aanbieding en aktivering moet moontlik wees terwyl die teks steeds voldoen aan huidige standaarde ten opsigte van taaldidaktiek.

  12. Literary investigation on the origin of poppy and other narcotics Research Articles

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    Lim Chung San

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : This study was performed to developing orally administered analgesics and locally injected pharmacopuncture analgesics like opioids. Methods : Literary investigation on the origin of poppy (Papaver somniferum L and other narcotics was conducted to examine the potential of developing orally administered analgesics and locally injected pharmacopuncture analgesics. Opium is a gum-like mass derived from air-dried white fluid of immature fruit of the poppy. Opium contains approximately 20 types of alkaloids including morphine, codeine, thebaine, papaverine and others. Natural opioids and synthetic alkaloid derivatives are the constituents of opioid analgesics and their effects and side-effects depend on the peculiarities of receptors. An extreme caution is required in the selection of proper dosage, proper analgesic types, and indications for successful pain management. Results and Discussion : With the enactment of "Narcotic control protocol", herbs such as cannibis and poppy are no longer available for use by Korean medicine doctors, and these doctors are faced with difficulty in managing severe pain in the clinical environment. A systematic consideration is inevitable for overcoming the limitation on these analgesics.

  13. Fragments of illness: The Death of a Beekeeper as a literary case study of cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bondevik, Hilde; Stene-Johansen, Knut; Ahlzén, Rolf

    2016-06-01

    The first decisive steps of medicine towards becoming a science in its present shape happen to coincide with "the rise of the novel" in the eighteenth century. Before this well known and in our days still growing scientific specialization of medicine, the connections between literature and medicine were both many and close. By reading and analyzing a contemporary novel, The Death of a Beekeeper by the Swedish author Lars Gustafsson (1978), this article is an attempt to explore to which extent a fictional narrative about a unique case of cancer may illuminate challenges associated with the experience of serious illness. Our claim is that medicine might draw wisdom from literature, its ability to create connections through narrative, to illuminate the complexity of ethical dilemmas, and to intertwine symptoms, life stories, and contexts. We argue that by being in the company of literary narratives and philosophical questions, physicians as well as other health care professionals may acquire clinically relevant skills which help them reach the ethically defined goals of their profession.

  14. Literary Invention and Critical Fashion: Missing the Boat in the Sea of Lentils

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    Elzbieta Sklodowska

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available In pursuing the relation of Sea of Lentils (1979 to the Spanish American literary canon, I argue that while Benítez-Rojo's novel did not fall into the category of the already canonized—and therefore was spared a parricidal gesture of the Post-Boom writers—neither did it belong amidst the previously marginalized texts. I suggest that Sea of Lentils concentrates its internal critique of language and representation around the process of remembering in a manner that is radically at odds not only with the "traditional" historical novel, but with the official voice of the ascendant testimonio as well. Moreover, the notion of memory as unpredictable "turbulent flow" and the breaking down of a globalizing grand récit into "fractal" petites histoires lead us toward chaos theory and Postmodernism. I conclude that while Sea of Lentils prefigured a variety of concerns that were to become dominant in the 1980s, it essentially failed to satisfy the more immediate expectations of invention on the part of "technocratic" critics, on one hand, and, on the other, of "culturalists" longing for a genuinely Latin American and "authentic" discourse.

  15. Eight Noble Opinions and the Economic Crisis: Four Literary-philosophical Sketches à la Eduardo Galeano

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    Giorgio Baruchello

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Four literary-philosophical skecthes are presented here in order to celebrate the ten-year anniversary of the publication of the official English translation of one of Eduardo Galeano's most important books: Upside Down: A Primer for the Looking-glass World. Each of these four sketches deals with the current economic crisis, though from different perspectives of analysis, and attempts to make use of the vibrant and creative sylistic devices characterising Galeano's works, particularly Upside Down. In this book, Galeano explored insightfully the roots of the crisis to come. His critical conclusions were analogous to those of another eccentric observer of the most notable economic phenomena of the 1990s, John McMurtry, whose perception of the looming crisis was even more profound and technical. Therefore, also this Canadian thinker, indeed his theory of value, is evoked in the four sketches, for McMurtry's onto-axiology reveals the ongoing contradiction between the relentless search for profit of the mostly virtual global script type=text/javascript src=http://nome.st5.stefna.is/joomla/plugins/editors/jce/tiny_mce/themes/advanced/langs/en.js?version=156/scriptscript type=text/javascript src=http://nome.st5.stefna.is/joomla/plugins/editors/jce/tiny_mce/plugins/advcode/langs/en.js?version=156/scripteconomy and the requirements of natural and human life.

  16. The anti-romantic reaction in modern(ist literary criticism

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    Abdulla Al-Dabbagh

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available While the antagonism of modernism to realism has often been commented upon, its equally vehement rejection of romanticism has not been as widely discussed. Yet, if modernism compromised at times with realism or, at least, with a "naturalistic" version of realism, its total antipathy to the fundamentals of romanticism has been absolute. This was a modernist trend that covered both literature and criticism and a modernist characteristic that extended from German philosophers, French poets to British and American professors of literature. Names as diverse as Paul Valery, Charles Maurras and F.R. Leavis shared a common anti-romantic outlook. Many of the important modernist literary trends like the Anglo-American imagism, French surrealism, German expressionism and Italian futurism have been antagonistic not only to ordinary realism as a relic of the 19th century, but also, and fundamentally, to that century's romanticism. In nihilistically breaking with everything from the past, or at least the immediate past, they were by definition anti-romantics. Even writers like Bernard Shaw or Bertolt Brecht and critics like Raymond Williams or George Lukacs, who would generally be regarded as in the pro-realist camp, have, at times, exhibited, to the extent that they were afflicted with the modernist ethos, strong anti-romantic tendencies.

  17. Olowalu Review: Developing identity through translanguaging in a multilingual literary magazine

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    Alex Josef Kasula

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available With the current trends in our globalized society, there is a clear increase in multilinguals rise; however, the understanding of multilingual identity and policy towards education stays relatively the same. Recent investigation in multilingualism in the US has shed light on the positive impacts of alternating policy in language education with regard to a greater understanding in how translanguaging and identity impact the language learner and language learning policies (Garcia & Wei, 2013. The following article describes the development of an online multilingual literary magazine, Olowalu Review, that aimed to provide English language learners in an English-only language policy a space to translanguage. Thus, having the opportunity to develop and express their multilingual identities. Goals and the development of the magazine are described in terms relating to current multilingual theory. While the outcomes and findings reveal how Olowalu Review enabled multilinguals to foster and exercise multilingual identities and skills, raise multilingual awareness, and act as an important multilingual artifact through an analysis of written submissions and interviews with authors. Pedagogical implications are discussed to empower language teachers, learners, or artists to develop the same or similar project for their own local, national, or global community.

  18. Influences, Translations, Settings: An Evaluation of the Literary Relations between Ireland and Italy

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    Chiara Sciarrino

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The text is an attempt to draw conclusions about the literary relations between Italy and Ireland. Taking as its starting point a booklet published by the Italian Cultural Institute Dublin in 1964, the study surveys the influences of Pirandello and Dante in Ireland and analyses in detail translations of Italian poems made by Denis Devlin, Gerald Dawe, Tom Paulin, Derek Mahon, Paul Muldoon, Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin, Harry Clifton and Desmond O’Grady (their authors: Ungaretti, Quasimodo, Montale, Leopardi. Next, it deals with the ways Italian artistic heritage and natural beauties have been re-interpreted by Irish travelers, according special attention to Elizabeth Bowen’s work. The following sections investigate the relationship between Italian visual arts and music and Anglo-Irish Literature, exploring in particular Frank McGuinness’ Caravaggio, Tom Murphys’ The Gigli Concert and Jim Nolan’s The Salvage Shop. The final part of the essay is dedicated to the role Italian migrants play in Irish narrative.  

  19. French as a Foreign Language: The Literary Enterprise of Antoine Volodine

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    David Bellos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Volodine’s fictions all resemble each other save for names and settings. They expose a world where the Revolution has failed and its protagonists are either dead, incarcerated, or holed up in the putrefying carcass of an abandoned building. Protagonists keep the memory of their political dreams alive by telling the stories of lost comrades, in works tapped out in code on the drainage pipes of a high-security prison or the asylum where they are held without charge, or else circulated, samizdat-style, among sympathizers. The authors of these narratives are themselves the subjects of others. So the characters created by Volodine become the authors of his work, such that Antoine Volodine is just one name among the many contributors to the literature of the post-exotic world. With formal roots in science fiction and thematic sources in France's continuing nostalgia for the revolutionary road, Volodine's dreamworld seems quite unrelated to the main trends of contemporary writing, yet it forms one of the most ambitious literary projects of our times. Couched in language of exquisite precision and grace, Volodine's not entirely imaginary construction of a ruined world simultaneously denies individual authorship and reasserts human individuality through the memorializing function of storytelling.

  20. A comparison of the first and second editions of the Dictionary of Literary Slovene

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    Simon Krek

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper investigates the differences between the first and second editions of the Dictionary of Literary Slovene (SSKJ. The analysis is two-fold: first, a detailed comparison of headword lists of both editions is conducted, followed by the comparison of 2,500 entries from both editions, consisting of a hundred entries for each letter. The analysis shows that the spelling and pronunciation changes to the entries in the second edition were made without the approval of any relevant language authority. Also, the changes introduced are random and inconsistent, and are affecting the consistency of lexicographic description of the first edition, especially on the grammatical level. Furthermore, the editorial decision to make identifying the source of lexicographic information (i.e. the first edition of SSKJ or the Dictionary of New Words of the Slovenian language impossible, raises doubts about lexicographic credibility of the second edition as a description of contemporary Slovene. From the lexicographic perspective, it would have been more appropriate to leave the first edition unchanged and the Dictionary of New Words of the Slovenian language as a separate publication. In addition, the second edition of SSKJ is not freely available online, and neither of the editions is freely available in the form of a dictionary database for natural language processing and other uses.