WorldWideScience

Sample records for surveyed college students

  1. Mental Health Issues Facing a Diverse Sample of College Students: Results from the College Student Mental Health Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soet, Johanna; Sevig, Todd

    2006-01-01

    Over the past 5 years there has been increased attention given to mental health issues on college and university campuses across the country. However, few research efforts have been conducted to systematically investigate the mental health of college students. The College Student Mental Health Survey was undertaken as a first step towards gaining…

  2. Global Problems and College Education: A Survey of Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bybee, Rodger W.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    College students identified air quality, world hunger, and war technology as the most important of 12 global problems (presented to them during a survey) and indicated that problems will become worse by the year 2000. Implications of findings for curriculum and instruction are addressed. (JN)

  3. A survey of energy drink consumption patterns among college students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carpenter-Aeby Tracy

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Energy drink consumption has continued to gain in popularity since the 1997 debut of Red Bull, the current leader in the energy drink market. Although energy drinks are targeted to young adult consumers, there has been little research regarding energy drink consumption patterns among college students in the United States. The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink consumption patterns among college students, prevalence and frequency of energy drink use for six situations, namely for insufficient sleep, to increase energy (in general, while studying, driving long periods of time, drinking with alcohol while partying, and to treat a hangover, and prevalence of adverse side effects and energy drink use dose effects among college energy drink users. Methods Based on the responses from a 32 member college student focus group and a field test, a 19 item survey was used to assess energy drink consumption patterns of 496 randomly surveyed college students attending a state university in the Central Atlantic region of the United States. Results Fifty one percent of participants (n = 253 reported consuming greater than one energy drink each month in an average month for the current semester (defined as energy drink user. The majority of users consumed energy drinks for insufficient sleep (67%, to increase energy (65%, and to drink with alcohol while partying (54%. The majority of users consumed one energy drink to treat most situations although using three or more was a common practice to drink with alcohol while partying (49%. Weekly jolt and crash episodes were experienced by 29% of users, 22% reported ever having headaches, and 19% heart palpitations from consuming energy drinks. There was a significant dose effect only for jolt and crash episodes. Conclusion Using energy drinks is a popular practice among college students for a variety of situations. Although for the majority of situations assessed, users consumed one

  4. Blood donor motivation: a survey of minority college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oswalt, R; Gordon, J

    1993-06-01

    Ninety-five percent of all blood donors are Caucasian. To investigate why minorities are under-represented as blood donors, a random sample of 120 minority college students were surveyed about attitudes and behavior regarding blood donations. This sample of minority students had donated blood at the same rate (33%) and for the same positive motivation (altruism) and negative motivations (for those who did not donate--fear, medical excuses, didn't think of it, no time) as Caucasian donors. The low rate of blood donations by minorities is not due to their membership in ethnic groups per se, but to other variables such as education and socioeconomic level. A recruitment strategy based on the results of this study is presented.

  5. Prioritizing Student Skill Development in the Small College Literature Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalata, Kristianne

    2016-01-01

    This essay describes the successes and challenges of skills-based literature survey courses in the small liberal arts college setting of Westminster College (New Wilmington, PA). It considers the overall purpose of the survey in the skills-based English curriculum and then focuses on the integration of literary theory and creative writing as means…

  6. Why Don't Our Students Respond? Understanding Declining Participation in Survey Research among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschepikow, William K.

    2012-01-01

    Declining response rates among college students threaten the effectiveness of survey research at institutions of higher education. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the conditions that promote participation in survey research among this population. The researcher identified three themes through this study. First, participants…

  7. Why Don't Our Students Respond? Understanding Declining Participation in Survey Research among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschepikow, William K.

    2012-01-01

    Declining response rates among college students threaten the effectiveness of survey research at institutions of higher education. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the conditions that promote participation in survey research among this population. The researcher identified three themes through this study. First, participants…

  8. Information Behavior of Community College Students: A Survey of Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fry, Leanna

    2009-01-01

    A literature review of articles discussing the information behavior of community college students finds that most of the literature focuses on what libraries and librarians can do to teach community college students information literacy. The articles discuss learning communities, bibliographic instruction, and information technology. Although…

  9. Fall 2001 Cabrillo College Student Survey & Comparisons with Spring 1999 Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borden, Richard; Cassada, Judy; Luan, Jing

    This survey of students at Cabrillo College contains feedback on a variety of subject matters ranging from quality of general educational courses, cultural diversity, fairness of grading and preparation for further study or for the workplace. Responses were subjected to statistical significance testing and compared with results from the 1999…

  10. College Student Responses to Web and Paper Surveys: Does Mode Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carini, Robert M.; Hayek, John C.; Kuh, George D.; Kennedy, John M.; Ouimet, Judith A.

    2003-01-01

    Examined the responses of 58,288 college students to 8 scales involving 53 items from the National Survey of Student Engagement to gauge whether individuals respond differently to surveys administered via the Web and paper. Found that mode effects were generally small; however, students who completed the Web-based survey responded more favorably…

  11. Results of the Fall 1984 Survey of Napa Valley College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedlander, Jack; Gocke, Sharon

    In November 1984, a study was conducted at Napa Valley College (NVC) to assess student satisfaction with the college's programs and services. An in-class survey was completed by 835 day and evening students enrolled in credit classes during the fall 1984 semester. Study findings included the following: (1) most students were attending NVC to…

  12. Polydrug use among college students in Brazil: a nationwide survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcio Garcia de Oliveira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To estimate the frequency of polydrug use (alcohol and illicit drugs among college students and its associations with gender and age group. Methods: A nationwide sample of 12,544 college students was asked to complete a questionnaire on their use of drugs according to three time parameters (lifetime, past 12 months, and last 30 days. The co-use of drugs was investigated as concurrent polydrug use (CPU and simultaneous polydrug use (SPU, a subcategory of CPU that involves the use of drugs at the same time or in close temporal proximity. Results: Almost 26% of college students reported having engaged in CPU in the past 12 months. Among these students, 37% had engaged in SPU. In the past 30 days, 17% college students had engaged in CPU. Among these, 35% had engaged in SPU. Marijuana was the illicit drug mostly frequently used with alcohol (either as CPU or SPU, especially among males. Among females, the most commonly reported combination was alcohol and prescribed medications. Conclusions: A high proportion of Brazilian college students may be engaging in polydrug use. College administrators should keep themselves informed to be able to identify such use and to develop educational interventions to prevent such behavior.

  13. Another Look at College Student's Ratings of Course Quality: Data from Penn State Student Surveys in Three Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willits, Fern; Brennan, Mark

    2017-01-01

    This study assessed the relationships of student attributes, course characteristics and course outcomes to college students' ratings of course quality in three types of settings. The analysis utilised data from online surveys of samples of college students conducted in 2011 and 2012 at the Pennsylvania State University. Included in the analysis…

  14. Factored Scales for the Personal Health Survey with Schizophrenics, Alcoholics, Felons, Unmarried Mothers, and College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pishkin, Vladimir; Thorne, Frederick C.

    1978-01-01

    Employed the Personal Health Survey (PHS) to study patterns of symptomology related to physical and mental health in a population of 730 Ss, which consisted of five groups: felons, hospitalized alcoholics, unmarried mothers, college students and institutionalized schizophrenics. (Editor)

  15. The MetLife Survey of the American Teacher: Preparing Students for College and Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    MetLife, Inc., 2011

    2011-01-01

    "The MetLife Survey of the American Teacher: Preparing Students for College and Careers" was conducted by Harris Interactive and is the twenty-seventh in a series sponsored annually by MetLife since 1984 to give voice to those closest to the classroom. This MetLife Survey examines the priority that all students graduate from high school prepared…

  16. Examining the Cultural Validity of a College Student Engagement Survey for Latinos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Ebelia; Mobley, Michael; Coryell, Gayle; Yu, En-Hui; Martinez, Gladys

    2013-01-01

    Using critical race theory and quantitative criticalist stance, this study examines the construct validity of an engagement survey, "Student Experiences in the Research University" (SERU) for Latino college students through exploratory factor analysis. Results support the principal seven-factor SERU model. However subfactors exhibited…

  17. A Tentative Survey of Rejection Act by Minority Ethnic College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静

    2009-01-01

    English is the third language for the minority ethnic students. Whether this nature influences them in their English leaning is worthy of study. Basing on Brown&Levinson's face theory,this survey focuses on howthe minority ethnic college students perform rejection act in English.

  18. Mental disorders among college students in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auerbach, Randy P.; Alonso, Jordi; Axinn, William G.; Cuijpers, Pim; Ebert, David D.; Green, Jennifer Greif; Hwang, Irving; Kessler, Ronald C.; Liu, Howard; Mortier, Philippe; Nock, Matthew K.; Pinder-Amaker, Stephanie; Sampson, Nancy A.; Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio; Al-Hamzawi, Ali; Andrade, Laura H.; Benjet, Corina; Caldas-de-Almeida, José Miguel; Demyttenaere, Koen; Florescu, Silvia; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Karam, Elie G.; Kiejna, Andrzej; Kovess-Masfety, Viviane; Lee, Sing; McGrath, John J.; O’Neill, Siobhan; Pennell, Beth-Ellen; Scott, Kate; ten Have, Margreet; Torres, Yolanda; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Zarkov, Zahari; Bruffaerts, Ronny

    2016-01-01

    Background Although mental disorders are significant predictors of educational attainment throughout the entire educational career, most research on mental disorders among students has focused on the primary and secondary school years. Methods The World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys were used to examine the associations of mental disorders with college entry and attrition by comparing college students (n = 1,572) and nonstudents in the same age range (18–22; n = 4,178), including nonstudents who recently left college without graduating (n = 702) based on surveys in 21 countries (4 low/lower-middle income, 5 upper middle-income, 1 lower-middle or upper-middle at the times of two different surveys, and 11 high income). Lifetime and 12-month prevalence and age-of-onset of DSM-IV anxiety, mood, behavioural and substance disorders were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Results One-fifth (20.3%) of college students had 12-month DSM-IV/CIDI disorders. 83.1% of these cases had pre-matriculation onsets. Disorders with pre-matriculation onsets were more important than those with post-matriculation onsets in predicting subsequent college attrition, with substance disorders and, among women, major depression the most important such disorders. Only 16.4% of students with 12-month disorders received any 12-month healthcare treatment for their mental disorders. Conclusions Mental disorders are common among college students, have onsets that mostly occur prior to college entry, in the case of pre-matriculation disorders are associated with college attrition, and are typically untreated. Detection and effective treatment of these disorders early in the college career might reduce attrition and improve educational and psychosocial functioning. PMID:27484622

  19. Survey and Thought on Graduates’ Repayment Awareness of Student Loan in Agricultural Universities and Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    To find out graduates’ repayment awareness of student loan,we conducted a questionnaire survey for those graduates who applied for student loan in Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering.The survey has following results.First,the national student loan plays an important role in assisting poor students in finishing their study.Second,graduates value social function of personal credit.Third,trustworthiness education activities carried out by colleges and universities are effective.Fourth,economic income is a major factor of graduates repaying capital with interest.Fifth,bank’s student loan management system is not perfect.Sixth,the national student loan system remains to be improved.In line with these results,we put forward five countermeasures and suggestions:strengthen the trustworthiness education of students;standardize the credit investigation management of students’ personal credit;establish student information management mechanism;standardize banks’ payment reminder administration behavior;and perfect national student loan system.

  20. Rancho Santiago College Student Satisfaction Survey. Research, Planning, Resource Development Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slark, Julie; Pham, Nga

    In spring 1991, in-class surveys were completed by 1,495 students enrolled in a random sample of courses at the Santa Ana and Orange campuses of Rancho Santiago College (RSC) to determine their attitudes about RSC and its programs and services. Study results included the following: (1) most respondents were "satisfied" or "very satisfied" with the…

  1. Survey Finds Mismatch in Student Achievement and Parents' College Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Peter

    2008-01-01

    The Education Department released a report last week, "Parent Expectations and Planning for College," that offers new insights into the factors influencing whether parents expect their children to enroll at four-year colleges. It suggests that many young people who could succeed at such institutions are not being encouraged by their families or…

  2. The survey of American college students computer technology preferences & purchasing plans

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    This report presents data from a survey of more than 400 American college students.  The report presents data on student computer ownership of both PCs and laptops, purchasing plans for PCs and laptops, as well as purchasing plans for cell phones and digital cameras.  The report also provides details on how student finance their computer purchases, how much money comes from parents or guardians, and how much from the student themselves, or from their parties.  In addition to data on PCs the report provides detailed info on use of popular word processing packages such as Word, WordPerfect and Open Office.

  3. [Questionnaire survey of musician's dystonia among students of a music college].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konaka, Kuni; Mochizuki, Hideki

    2015-01-01

    Musician's dystonia is known as a task specific dystonia. Though it is thought to occur during a long course of repetitive performance, the actual circumstances that precipitate this condition are not clear. According to factual reports this disease is not commonly known, probably because many of these patients may not have been visiting a hospital. We prepared a questionnaire and did a survey among the students of a music college. This is the first questionnaire survey aimed at finding out the prevalence of musician's dystonia among the students of music. Among the 480 participants of this survey, 29% of the students had knowledge of this disorder and 1.25% of the students had dystonia while performing music.

  4. College Bound: Americans' Attitudes about Paying for College. A Survey of Families with College-Bound High School Students on the Value of a College Education and Its Costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallup & Robinson, Inc. Princeton, NJ.

    This study examined several aspects of family viewpoints regarding the financing of higher education. Data were collected via a telephone survey of 800 parents of college bound high school students and 300 college bound high school juniors and seniors. The survey examined attitudes in such areas as: the relative importance of financing college…

  5. Mental health of college students and their non-college-attending peers: results from a large French cross-sectional survey

    OpenAIRE

    Kovess-Masfety, Viviane; Leray, Emmanuelle; Denis, Laure; Husky, Mathilde; Pitrou, Isabelle; Bodeau-Livinec, Florence

    2016-01-01

    Background The great majority of mental disorders begin during adolescence or early adulthood, although they are often detected and treated later in life. To compare mental health status of college students and their non-college-attending peers whether working, attending a secondary school, or non-college-attending peers who are neither employed nor students or trainees (NENST) will allow to focus on high risk group. Methods Data were drawn from a large cross-sectional survey conducted by pho...

  6. College Students' Knowledge and Beliefs: A Survey of Global Understanding. The Final Report of the Global Understanding Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrows, Thomas S.; And Others

    The development, administration, and evaluation of a national survey to determine college students' understanding of world affairs are described in 12 articles that focus on survey measures, procedures, and results. Stephen F. Klein and Sheila M. Ager describe the issues examined by an assessment committee, their choice of an issues framework for…

  7. The Development of a Computer Assisted Math Review for Physical Science Survey Students at Brevard Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Joel F.

    A computer assisted mathematics review unit was designed for students enrolled in a community college physical science survey course, who had severe mathematical deficiences in their backgrounds. The CAI program (written in BASIC) covered multiplication and division of numbers written in scientific notation. Thirty-five students who scored zero…

  8. Stress and mental health problems in 1st year medical students: a survey of two medical colleges in Kanpur, India

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    Shivendra Jena

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Incidence of stress among medical students has been reported to be between high and very high. Medical students in pre-clinical phase are more likely to develop psychological distress than medical students in clinical phase. It may affect academic performance and lead to anxiety, depression and substance abuse. Methods: First year students of one government medical college and one private medical college of Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India, were surveyed to find out stress and mental health problems shortly after their admission. Results: The two colleges showed difference in the frequencies of a number of factors- current stress, sleep problem, sad mood, both parents working, parents giving sufficient time, non-participation in extra-curricular activities, sharing problem with their families, having break-up in a romantic relationship and poor relationships with classmates and roommate. More students of the government medical college reported to have current stress compared to the students of the private medical college. While all students of the government medical who had stress since admission did not recover from it, 55.56% of students of the private medical college recovered from it at the time of our survey. Conclusion: a Psychiatry Department of every medical college should be involved in screening 1st year students having stress and mental health problems and managing them. b Medical education should be imparted in more relaxed and fun filled manner to help students cope with the long and difficult course. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(1.000: 130-134

  9. Factors Leading to Student Veteran Achievement in Community College: A Quantitative Study Utilizing the Community College Survey of Men

    Science.gov (United States)

    De La Garza, Thomas R.

    2016-01-01

    Student veteran achievement in community college has received increased attention this past decade with the surge in enrollment by returning military personnel and retired veterans. Similar to previous eras, today's student veterans seek post-war educational opportunities at postsecondary institutions. Yet unlike previous student veteran…

  10. College Students with ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Spanish Facts for Families Guide College Students with ADHD No. 111; Updated December 2013 Many students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) attend college. College students with ADHD face ...

  11. A Health Assessment Survey of Veteran Students: Utilizing a Community College-Veterans Affairs Medical Center Partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misra-Hebert, Anita D; Santurri, Laura; DeChant, Richard; Watts, Brook; Sehgal, Ashwini R; Aron, David C

    2015-10-01

    To assess health status among student veterans at a community college utilizing a partnership between a Veterans Affairs Medical Center and a community college. Student veterans at Cuyahoga Community College in Cleveland, Ohio, in January to April 2013. A health assessment survey was sent to 978 veteran students. Descriptive analyses to assess prevalence of clinical diagnoses and health behaviors were performed. Logistic regression analyses were performed to assess for independent predictors of functional limitations. 204 students participated in the survey (21% response rate). Self-reported depression and unhealthy behaviors were high. Physical and emotional limitations (45% and 35%, respectively), and pain interfering with work (42%) were reported. Logistic regression analyses confirmed the independent association of self-reported depression with functional limitation (odds ratio [OR] = 3.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.4-7.8, p student veterans at a community college. A partnership between a Veterans Affairs Medical Center and a community college can be utilized to help understand the health needs of veteran students. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  12. A Comparison of Community College Responders and Nonresponders to the VEDS Student Follow-Up Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carifio, James; And Others

    1991-01-01

    A survey of respondents and nonrespondents to the Vocational Education Data System's follow-up survey of Massachusetts community college graduates was designed to measure response bias. The survey investigated employment patterns, wages, and degree of job relatedness. Results suggest original data was biased, if at all, toward underestimation, not…

  13. Rancho Santiago College Graduate Student Survey. Research, Planning, Resource Development Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Nga

    In spring 1991, a survey was sent to all 937 1989-90 Associate in Arts/Science (AA/AS) graduate and certificate recipients of Rancho Santiago College (RSC) to identify their current activities and to obtain their opinions about the college experience at RSC. Study findings were based on 374 usable responses, 81% from AA/AS degree recipients and…

  14. Credibility and Usefulness of Health Information on Facebook: A Survey Study with U.S. College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sung Un; Syn, Sue Yeon

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: This study examines ways in which college students perceive the credibility and usefulness of health information on Facebook, depending on topic sensitivity, information source and demographic factors. Method: With self-selection sampling, data were collected from two universities through an online survey; 351 responses were used for…

  15. Military and Veteran Student Achievement in Postsecondary Education: A Structural Equation Model Using the Community College Survey of Men (CCSM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    De LaGarza, Thomas R.; Manuel, Marcus A.; Wood, J. Luke; Harris, Frank, III

    2016-01-01

    Few quantitative studies exist on veteran success in postsecondary education, and existing qualitative research has also not accurately identified factors related to veteran achievement or pathways to success in postsecondary education. In this article, the Community College Survey of Men (CCSM) evaluates predictors of student success for…

  16. Predictors of Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Use in College Students: A Preliminary Study Using Web-Based Survey Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrell, Holly E. R.; Cohen, Lee M.; Bacchi, Donna; West, Joel

    2005-01-01

    Cigarette smoking and smokeless tobacco (SLT) use are associated with numerous health hazards and economic costs, and rates of tobacco use have recently increased among young adults. In this study, the authors compared predictors of smoking and SLT use among college students (N = 21,410) from 13 Texas universities using a Web-based survey. Results…

  17. Gender-Inclusive Housing Preferences: A Survey of College-Aged Transgender Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krum, Tiana E.; Davis, Kyle S.; Galupo, M. Paz

    2013-01-01

    Traditional on-campus housing assignments at colleges and universities are made on the basis of legal sex, where students are housed only with other students of the same legal sex. This method is problematic for transgender and gender-nonconforming students, who may not identify with the gender assigned to them at birth. Recently, some…

  18. Correlates of Ecstasy Use among Students Surveyed through the 1997 College Alcohol Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yacoubian, George S., Jr.

    2003-01-01

    The drug-using behaviors of 14,520 college students were examined with data collected through the 1997 College Alcohol Study. Prevalence estimates of ecstasy use were generated and associations between ecstasy use, demographic characteristics, and alcohol and other drug use were explored. Implications for these findings are discussed. (Contains 24…

  19. A Survey on the correlations between college students' FLA and English achievement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bi Ran

    2015-01-01

    FLA (foreign language anxiety) is one of the affective factors that most pervasively obstruct the learning process. The paper is concerned with an empirical study on the correlations between college students' FLA and English achievement.

  20. A Comparison of Community College Responders and Non-Responders to the VEDS Student Follow-Up Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carifio, James; And Others

    In September 1984, a Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) follow-up survey was conducted of all 5,267 students who had graduated from Massachusetts public community colleges in 1982-83. Of these graduates, 1,881 (35.7%) returned the survey, and 3,386 (64.3%) did not. A subsequent study was conducted to compare the characteristics of survey…

  1. Surveying college introductory physics students' attitudes and approaches to problem solving

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    Mason, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    Students' attitudes and approaches to problem solving in physics can greatly impact their actual problem solving practices and also influence their motivation to learn and ultimately the development of expertise. We developed and validated an attitudes and approaches to problem solving (AAPS) survey and administered it to students in the introductory physics courses in a typical large research university in the US. Here, we discuss the development and validation of the survey and analysis of the student responses to the survey questions in introductory physics courses. The introductory physics students' responses to the survey questions were also compared with those of physics faculty members and physics PhD students. We find that introductory students are in general less expert-like than the physics faculty members and PhD students. Moreover, on some AAPS survey questions, the responses of students and faculty have unexpected trends. Those trends were interpreted via in

  2. SURVEY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS AMONG THE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF ARTS AND SCIENCE COLLEGES IN MANGALORE, INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aneesh Bhat

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND There is paucity of data related to the psychological and physical status of undergraduate college students in India. METHOD The sample consisted of 2708 undergraduate students of various arts and science colleges across the city of Mangalore, Karnataka. The study was approved by Nitte University Institutional Ethics Committee and permission was sought from the concerned colleges. Students were cross-sectionally assessed with a specially constructed semi-structured proforma and SRQ-20 (WHO, which was self-administered by the students after giving the students brief instructions. The score of 6 was taken as cut off for the SRQ screening purpose. The score of 6 and above indicates psychological morbidity and need for further detailed evaluation. RESULTS Of the 2708 participants who took part in the study, 64.1% (n=1736 were females and 35.9% (n=972 were males. The mean age of participants was 18.6±1.15 years. 75.6% students were staying at home. Nearly 7.6% of students were using alcohol or some other form of substances. Percentage of students with SRQ scores of 6 and above was 37.9%, which indicates that those many students were having psychological distress and needed further detailed evaluation psychiatrically. On SRQ individual item score, it was found that 42.8% had regular headaches, 43.3% always felt nervous, worried, and tense, 32.2% felt tired all the time. All these are somatic symptoms of depression in students. Alarming finding was 15.6% of students felt to end their life, which indicates suicidal risk among students and indirectly points towards the unnoticed depression among them. CONCLUSION Our results show that the psychiatric morbidity like depression, suicidal ideation, and somatic symptoms of psychiatric illness is very high among undergraduate college students and needs to be addressed very seriously at institutional level and also at policy level by educational department and colleges.

  3. College Student Suicide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taub, Deborah J.; Thompson, Jalonda

    2013-01-01

    Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students, and it is estimated that 1,088 college students die by suicide each year (National Mental Health Association and the Jed Foundation, 2002). This chapter presents the context of college student mental health within which the problem of college student suicide is situated. Because…

  4. College Student Suicide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taub, Deborah J.; Thompson, Jalonda

    2013-01-01

    Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students, and it is estimated that 1,088 college students die by suicide each year (National Mental Health Association and the Jed Foundation, 2002). This chapter presents the context of college student mental health within which the problem of college student suicide is situated. Because…

  5. The Healthy College Student

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Adams O’Connell PhD

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the impact of health behaviors on morbidity often focus on the limited impact of a single behavior or a limited group of behaviors. In this study, we examine college student behaviors and investigate the link of these behaviors with a 2-week illness profile. Through self-reported surveys, we measure acute illness and a general illness burden, a cumulative measure of major and minor ailments. We explore how daily routines correlate with these illness measures. Eighty-four students from a random sample of 90 students attending a small liberal arts school completed the survey for a response rate of 93%. Living arrangements, exercise, sleep patterns, eating preferences and habits, and “social” behaviors were all significantly associated with illness burden. Students living in “singles” and those who got regular exercise and an average of 7 hr of sleep per night reported less illness. Most interesting is the effect of social behaviors. Students who greet others with a handshake reported higher illness rates, as did students who share food and/or drinks. While we can conceptualize why these behaviors would lead to a greater illness burden, students who engaged more frequently in these behaviors also reported being “happier.” In trying to reduce illness among college students, we might suggest less handshaking and food and beverage sharing, but these actions are ways in which college students express and maintain friendships. College administrators are challenged to discover ways to reduce illness while maintaining the positive aspects of local student culture. This study begins to explore some ways to balance health and camaraderie.

  6. Showing Your Pride: A National Survey of Queer Student Centres in Canadian Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecker, John; Rae, Jennifer; Bassi, Amandeep

    2015-01-01

    The presence of queer student centres (QSCs) across Canadian universities and colleges is largely unknown. It is an important area of investigation since queer-identified students have previously identified several benefits of these services, including receiving support from other queer individuals. The focus of the current study was to determine…

  7. 2010 Student Survey. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ1), 2010

    2010-01-01

    The National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) conducts an annual survey of college students to identify: (1) how students approach the job market as they near graduation; (2) how responsive the market is to the graduating students; (3) the resources students use to seek their first full-time job after getting their degree; and (4) the…

  8. College students lack knowledge of standard drink volumes: implications for definitions of risky drinking based on survey data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Aaron M; Kraus, Courtney L; Flom, Julie D; Kestenbaum, Lori A; Mitchell, Jamie R; Shah, Kunal; Swartzwelder, H Scott

    2005-04-01

    College students tend to pour single servings of beer and liquor that are larger than commonly used standards. The reasons for this are unknown. Students might overpour because they lack knowledge of standard serving sizes. Alternatively, they might know how much alcohol to pour but simply have difficulty pouring the correct amounts. Misperceptions of standard serving sizes could lead to inaccuracies in self-reported consumption. If this is the case, then the validity of students' responses on alcohol surveys and the definitions of risky drinking that are based on them would be called into question. This study examined how college students define standard drinks, whether their definitions are similar to the definitions commonly used by alcohol researchers and government agencies, and whether their definitions of standard drinks are related to the sizes of the drinks that they pour. The study also examined whether feedback regarding the accuracy of their definitions of standard drinks leads students to alter their self-reported levels of consumption. Students (N = 133) completed an alcohol survey and performed tasks that required them to free-pour a single beer, glass of wine, shot of liquor, or the amount of liquor in a mixed drink. Roughly half of the students received feedback regarding their definitions of standard drinks. All students then were resurveyed about their recent levels of consumption. With the exception of beer, students incorrectly defined the volumes of standard servings of alcohol, overestimating the appropriate volumes. They also overestimated appropriate volumes when asked to free-pour drinks. Positive relationships existed between students' definitions of standard drinks and the sizes of the drinks that they free-poured. Feedback regarding misperceptions of standard drink volumes led to an increase in levels of self-reported consumption, suggesting that students' original estimates of their alcohol consumption were too low. Despite the recent

  9. A Survey of the Situation of College Students' Occupational Self-Determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iupitov, A. V.; Zotov, A. A.

    1998-01-01

    Investigates the situation of students' professional self-determination through a survey of 147 students within history and biology at Kemerovo State University (Russia) focusing on the students' motivations for choosing their future work after the university, self-assessments of academic progress, and perspectives of finding future employment.…

  10. Social and Psychological Predictors of Initial Cigarette Smoking Experience: A Survey in Male College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menati, Walieh; Nazarzadeh, Milad; Bidel, Zeinab; Würtz, Morten; Menati, Rostam; Hemati, Rohollah; Yaghoubi, Maryam; Zareimanesh, Elham; Mohammadi, Mohammad Sabour; Akhlaghi Ardekani, Farzad; Tazval, Jafar; Delpisheh, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Knowledge about social and psychological risk factors for initial cigarette smoking experience (ICSE) is sparse. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of ICSE and to examine the psychological and social factors related to ICSE. In a cross-sectional survey, 1,511 male college students were recruited using multistage sampling techniques from four universities located within the city of Ilam, Iran. Self-administered multiple-choice questionnaires were distributed to students from March to June 2013. Risk factors for ICSE were evaluated using logistic regression models. Participants were 22.3 ± 2.4 years of age. ICSE prevalence was 30.6%. In multivariable adjusted analysis, risk taking behavior (odds ratio [OR] = 1.61; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.11-2.33), perceived peer smoking prevalence (OR = 2.48; 95% CI = 1.03-5.97), positive thoughts about smoking (OR = 1.06; 95% CI = 1.02-1.10), high self-efficacy (OR = 0.95, 95% CI [0.93, 0.98]), presence in smokers' gathering (OR = 4.45; 95% CI = 2.88-6.81), comity of smokers (OR = 2.56; 95% CI = 1.66, 3.92), very hard access to cigarettes (OR = 2.20; 95% CI = 1.16-4.16), close friends' medium reaction toward smoking (OR = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.02-1.88), and sporting activity (OR = 0.74; 95% CI = 0.56-0.98) were significantly associated with ICSE. This study identified that a combination of psychological and social variables account for up to 78% of the probability of ICSE. The most important protective factor against ICSE was physical activity, whereas the most important risk factor for ICSE was frequent gathering in the presence of smokers.

  11. A Survey of Energy Drink Consumption Patterns Among College Students at a Mostly Hispanic University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabezas-Bou, Ernesto; De León-Arbucias, Jeidiel; Matos-Vergara, Nikol; Álvarez-Bagnarol, Yocasta; Ortega-Guzmán, Jesús; Narváez-Pérez, Karla; Cruz-Bermúdez, Nelson D; Díaz-Ríos, Manuel

    2016-12-01

    Background: The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink (ED) consumption patterns among Hispanic college students. We measured the prevalence and frequency of ED consumption according to gender, degree programs, and specific university-related and social situations. In addition, we assessed the frequency of consumption of EDs mixed with alcoholic beverages. Methods: A total of 508 college students from the University of Puerto Rico, the largest Hispanic institution of higher education statewide, completed an online questionnaire. Results: Twenty-one percent of participants reported consuming EDs with the majority consuming EDs either occasionally (every 2-3 months) or at least once or twice a month. Men were found to be more likely to consume EDs than women. Undergraduate students were found less likely to consume EDs than graduate students. Most students consumed EDs while studying and during social activities. More than one-third of participants that consume EDs admitted mixing them with an alcoholic beverage. Graduate students were found to consume EDs mixed with alcohol more often. Conclusions: The majority of students consumed EDs occasionally and while studying. Most side effects reported after consuming EDs were similar to previous findings. The higher consumption of EDs and of EDs mixed with alcohol by students in graduate programs could be explained by a higher and more complex study load requiring longer periods of wakefulness and concentration. Future studies looking at the consumption patterns of EDs in more competitive graduate programs such as medical and/or dentistry school should be considered.

  12. College Student Stress and Satisfaction with Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    The following study was performed to determine if general life satisfaction is negatively correlated with college student stress. We administered the satisfaction with life scale (Diener et al., 1985), college student stress scale (Feldt, 2008) and a brief demographics survey to a sample of college students at a regional southwestern university in…

  13. College Student Stress and Satisfaction with Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    The following study was performed to determine if general life satisfaction is negatively correlated with college student stress. We administered the satisfaction with life scale (Diener et al., 1985), college student stress scale (Feldt, 2008) and a brief demographics survey to a sample of college students at a regional southwestern university in…

  14. Connecting to young adults: an online social network survey of beliefs and attitudes associated with prescription opioid misuse among college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lord, Sarah; Brevard, Julie; Budman, Simon

    2011-01-01

    A survey of motives and attitudes associated with patterns of nonmedical prescription opioid medication use among college students was conducted on Facebook, a popular online social networking Web site. Response metrics for a 2-week random advertisement post, targeting students who had misused prescription medications, surpassed typical benchmarks for online marketing campaigns and yielded 527 valid surveys. Respondent characteristics, substance use patterns, and use motives were consistent with other surveys of prescription opioid use among college populations. Results support the potential of online social networks to serve as powerful vehicles to connect with college-aged populations about their drug use. Limitations of the study are noted.

  15. Survey of Chinese Medicine Students to Determine Research and Evidence-Based Medicine Perspectives at Pacific College of Oriental Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Belinda J; Kligler, Benjamin; Cohen, Hillel W; Marantz, Paul R

    2016-01-01

    Research literacy and the practice of evidence-based medicine (EBM) are important initiatives in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), which requires cultural change within educational institutions for successful implementation. To determine the self-assessed research and EBM perspectives of Chinese medicine Masters degree students at Pacific College of Oriental Medicine, New York campus (PCOM-NY). A survey with 17 close-ended questions and one open-ended question was administered through Survey Monkey to students at PCOM-NY. The survey was sent to 420 Masters students and 176 (41.9%) responded. Students in all four years of the Masters degree indicated a generally high degree of interest in, and support for the value of research. However, increasing years (one to four years) in the program was associated with lower interest in post-graduation research participation and entering the doctoral program, and the fourth year students reported low levels of interest in having greater research content and training in their Masters degree programs. Students who responded to the open-ended question (23% of respondents) expressed enthusiasm for research and concerns about the relevance of research in Chinese medicine. Consistent with findings in similar studies at CAM colleges, interest in research, and EBM of the PCOM-NY Masters students appeared to decline with increasing years in the program. Concerns around paradigm and epistemological issues associated with research and EBM among Chinese medicine students and practitioners warrants further investigation, and may be an important challenge for integrative medicine. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Happiness and health behaviours in Chilean college students: A cross-sectional survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Happiness has been associated with a range of favourable health outcomes through two pathways: its relationship with favourable biological responses to stress and with healthy lifestyles and prudent health behaviours. There are a substantial number of cross-cultural studies about happiness, but none of them has studied the association of happiness with perceived stress and health behaviours in Latin American samples. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between general happiness and these variables in a Latin American sample. Methods We conducted a survey to examine the status of 3461 students aged between 17 and 24 years old (mean age = 19.89; SD = 1.73) who attended University of Santiago de Chile during 2009. The healthy behaviours indexes assessed were the frequency of daily physical exercise, fruits/vegetables intake, breakfast and lunch intake, smoking, alcohol and other drugs consumption. We also included the assessment of perceived stress and Body Mass Index. All of them were evaluated using a self-report questionnaire. Results The univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses showed that being female and younger was related to a higher happiness, as well as that people self-reporting daily physical activity, having lunch and fruits and vegetables each day had a higher likelihood (OR between 1.33 and 1.40) of being classified as "very happy". Those who informed felt stressed in normal circumstances and during tests situations showed a lower likelihood (0.73 and 0.82, respectively) of being considered "very happy". Regarding drug consumption, taking tranquilizers under prescription was negative related to "subjective happiness" (OR = 0.62), whereas smoking was positive associated (OR = 1.20). Conclusions The findings of this study mainly support the relationship between happiness and health outcomes through the two pathways previously mentioned. They also underscore the importance of that some healthy

  17. Happiness and health behaviours in Chilean college students: A cross-sectional survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Straten Annemieke

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Happiness has been associated with a range of favourable health outcomes through two pathways: its relationship with favourable biological responses to stress and with healthy lifestyles and prudent health behaviours. There are a substantial number of cross-cultural studies about happiness, but none of them has studied the association of happiness with perceived stress and health behaviours in Latin American samples. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between general happiness and these variables in a Latin American sample. Methods We conducted a survey to examine the status of 3461 students aged between 17 and 24 years old (mean age = 19.89; SD = 1.73 who attended University of Santiago de Chile during 2009. The healthy behaviours indexes assessed were the frequency of daily physical exercise, fruits/vegetables intake, breakfast and lunch intake, smoking, alcohol and other drugs consumption. We also included the assessment of perceived stress and Body Mass Index. All of them were evaluated using a self-report questionnaire. Results The univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses showed that being female and younger was related to a higher happiness, as well as that people self-reporting daily physical activity, having lunch and fruits and vegetables each day had a higher likelihood (OR between 1.33 and 1.40 of being classified as "very happy". Those who informed felt stressed in normal circumstances and during tests situations showed a lower likelihood (0.73 and 0.82, respectively of being considered "very happy". Regarding drug consumption, taking tranquilizers under prescription was negative related to "subjective happiness" (OR = 0.62, whereas smoking was positive associated (OR = 1.20. Conclusions The findings of this study mainly support the relationship between happiness and health outcomes through the two pathways previously mentioned. They also underscore the

  18. Depression and religiosity and/or spirituality in college: a longitudinal survey of students in the USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Devon M; York, Kate

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to conduct a longitudinal test of an explanatory model of depression, where religiosity and/or spirituality (R/S) represents a potentially protective factor in college students in the USA. A Web-based survey was administered monthly to 214 students from religious and public colleges. At 1 month and 6 months, the measures of R/S, depression, stress, and cognitive vulnerability were administered. Between 2 and 5 months, only the measures of stress and depression were administered. The data were analyzed to test the hypothesis that R/S buffers the effect of stress on depression over time in the context of cognitive vulnerability. The results supported a direct and protective effect over time between R/S and depression, but a buffering effect on the relationship between stress and depression was not found. Although all aspects of R/S were demonstrated to protect the participants from depression, it did not appear that the relationship between R/S and stress or R/S and cognitive vulnerability explains this relationship. Nurses who are working with college students should take holistic approaches to their emotional difficulties, realizing the potentially beneficial effects of students' religiousness or spirituality.

  19. A Planned Survey Course in British Commonwealth Literature for American College Students. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Robert T.

    To encourage the teaching of British Commonwealth literature to American university students, a broad ranging survey course was designed in which the material was thematically organized. A great body of literature from the 13 countries was scrutinized in order to select 147 representative poems and short stories for an anthology. An effective…

  20. Depression and College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... depression and other mental health issues? Reference Share Depression and College Students Download PDF Download ePub Order ... Answers to college students’ frequently asked questions about depression Feeling moody, sad, or grouchy? Who doesn’t ...

  1. The Student Storm Survey©: College Students' Thoughts on Their University's Response to a Natural Disaster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenthal, Gary T.; Boudreaux, Monique; Boudreaux, Dwight L.; Soignier, R. D.; Folse, Earl; Frias, Tracey; Soper, Barlow

    2014-01-01

    Hurricanes Gustav and Ike devastated the region that our University serves. Near the start of the semester, only one of the ten scheduled class days could be completed and administrators asked students and faculty to "continue the learning process" online via Blackboard©, our Electronic Delivery System (EDS). The Student Storm Survey©…

  2. Student Consumerism at College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calabro, Hilda

    1982-01-01

    As colleges are forced to compete for students, the voice of the student as consumer grows louder. Recommendations of the Carnegie Council on Policy Studies in Higher Education regarding how colleges, school districts, and information centers can furnish prospective students with information that they need as educational consumers are discussed.…

  3. Salish Kootenai College and U.S. Geological Survey partnership—Enhancing student opportunities and professional development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sando, Roy; Fordham, Monique

    2017-08-29

    Salish Kootenai College (SKC), in the Flathead Reservation in the northwestern corner of Montana, is the largest of the seven Tribal colleges in the State. In 2011, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Tribal Liaison Monique Fordham from the Office of Tribal Relations/Office of Science Quality and Integrity began discussions with SKC faculty to examine ways the USGS could assist with classes taught as part of the new hydrology program at the college. With funding provided by the USGS Office of Tribal Relations, Roy Sando from the Wyoming-Montana Water Science Center began collaborating with SKC. From 2012 to 2017, Sando and others have developed and taught eight educational workshops at SKC. Topics of the workshops have included classifying land cover using remote sensing, characterizing stream channel migration, estimating actual evapotranspiration, modeling groundwater contamination plumes, and building custom geographic information system tools. By contributing to the educational training of SKC students and establishing this high level of collaboration with a Tribal college, the USGS is demonstrating its commitment to helping build the next generation of Tribal scientists.

  4. College Student Entrepreneurship in China: Results from a National Survey of Directors of Career Services in Chinese Higher Education Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, You; Zhu, Feifei; Ding, Xiaohao

    2017-01-01

    As the number of college graduates increases dramatically in recent years in China, the Chinese Central government encourages college graduates to partake in entrepreneurial activities. The current study uses data from a nationwide institutional survey of directors of career services of 840 Chinese colleges and universities to study the current…

  5. Identifying Benefit Segments among College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Joseph D.

    1991-01-01

    Using concept of market segmentation (dividing market into distinct groups requiring different product benefits), surveyed 398 college students to determine benefit segments among students selecting a college to attend and factors describing each benefit segment. Identified one major segment of students (classroomers) plus three minor segments…

  6. A Survey on the Sexual and Contraceptive Behaviors in Chinese Female College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    To get information in the sexual and contraceptive behaviors in Chinese female college students, a randomized cluster sampling was conducted in colleges and universities in Wuhan Area,China, in terms of types of colleges, subjects (literature, sciences, medicines, art etc), and grades etc.A total number of 2450 questionnaires were distributed, with 2365 questionnaires returned being valid. The return rate of valid questionnaires was 96.6%. The questionnaire investigation was conducted on a multiple-choice and anonymous basis. Data were input into computer and SPSS12.0software package was employed for statistical analysis. Among the female students, 1196 had the experiences of hugging and kissing (50.57%) and 423 (17.89%) had sexual experiences (sexual intercourse). The first sexual intercourse took place at the age of 19.23±1.74 y. There were significant differences in the sexual experiences among the majors of different subjects, with the rate of sexual experiences in art majors (43.17%) and high-grade students (34.31%) being the highest. The causes of the first sexual intercourse included sexual impulse, curiosity, intention to strengthen the relationship or to show loyalty to boyfriend and sometimes violence. While the motives of the sexual intercourse within the past one year before the investigation were to satisfy the sexual needs and to strengthen the relation with their boyfriends. With both first intercourse and sexual experiences within last one year,the partners of the sexual intercourse were mainly their boyfriends (95.7% and 97.3% respectively),but the partners also included acquaintances, "one night stand" partners and customers of sex trade.Some of them had multiple sexual partners, with the highest number of the sexual partners being 11.In the first sexual intercourse of the subjects, 44.0% of them did not take any contraceptive measures;only 16.4 % of them used condoms. In the sexual intercourse within the last one year, only 44.6%took

  7. The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ3), 2011

    2011-01-01

    Based on responses from 20,000 college seniors nationwide, "The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report" gives you hard numbers "plus" the analysis you need to develop your college recruiting strategy and build your brand among college students. Align your recruiting strategies tactics with students' wants, needs, attitudes, and behaviors--you'll get…

  8. The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ3), 2011

    2011-01-01

    Based on responses from 20,000 college seniors nationwide, "The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report" gives you hard numbers "plus" the analysis you need to develop your college recruiting strategy and build your brand among college students. Align your recruiting strategies tactics with students' wants, needs, attitudes, and behaviors--you'll get…

  9. Comparing the Impact of Traditional and Modeling College Algebra Courses on Student Performance in Survey of Calculus

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Jerry G.

    2013-01-01

    Students in higher education deserve opportunities to succeed and learning environments which maximize success. Mathematics courses can create a barrier for success for some students. College algebra is a course that serves as a gateway to required courses in many bachelor's degree programs. The content in college algebra should serve to…

  10. Comparing the Impact of Traditional and Modeling College Algebra Courses on Student Performance in Survey of Calculus

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Jerry G.

    2013-01-01

    Students in higher education deserve opportunities to succeed and learning environments which maximize success. Mathematics courses can create a barrier for success for some students. College algebra is a course that serves as a gateway to required courses in many bachelor's degree programs. The content in college algebra should serve to…

  11. Should Colleges Focus More on Personal and Social Responsibility? Initial Findings from Campus Surveys Conducted for the Association of American Colleges and Universities as Part of Its Initiative, Core Commitments: Educating Students for Personal and Social Responsibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonaros, Mary; Barnhardt, Cassie; Holsapple, Matthew; Moronski, Karen; Vergoth, Veronica

    2008-01-01

    On behalf of the Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U), researchers at the University of Michigan's Center for the Study of Higher and Postsecondary Education surveyed 23,000 undergraduate students and 9,000 campus professionals (faculty, academic administrators, and student affairs staff) at 23 institutions participating in…

  12. Irrigation protocol among endodontic faculty and post-graduate students in dental colleges of India: A survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velayutham Gopikrishna

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Irrigation protocol is the most critical step during the disinfection of an infected root canal system. Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the root canal irrigation trends being practiced among the endodontic teaching faculty and post-graduate students in the dental colleges present in India. Materials and Methods: A postal invitation to participate in this national survey was sent to the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontic of 294 Dental Colleges present in India. A total of 2389 forms were successfully delivered out of which 794 duly filled forms were received back. Survey participants were asked about their irrigant selection, irrigant concentration, smear layer removal protocol, and use of adjuncts during irrigation. Results: This survey elicited a positive response rate of 33.23%. Our data indicated that 92.8% of respondents use sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl as the primary endodontic irrigant, with 26 gauge needle being most preferred for syringe irrigation, with 49.3% of them using it at a concentration of 2.6-4.0%. 68% of our respondents aim to remove the smear layer during the endodontic treatment while 47% reported using ultrasonic activation as an adjunct during their irrigation protocol. Conclusions: The findings of this survey are that the majority of teaching institutions in India are employing NaOCl (2.6-4.0% as the primary endodontic irrigant. The concept of smear layer removal is high (68%, and there is a general trend (78% to modify the irrigation protocol according to the status of the pulp, status of the periapex and in retreatment cases.

  13. Survey on risk factors for chronic diseases in college students - doi:10.5020/18061230.2007.p168

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vívian Saraiva Veras

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The study proposed to identify the risk factors for diabetes mellitus (DM, systemic arterial hypertension (HAS and cardiovascular diseases (DCV in college students of a private institution in the city of Fortaleza. Two hundred students joined in the study, being submitted to an evaluation survey, in which were obtained data on: sex, age, history of tobacco use, alcoholism, sedentariness and family antecedents of DM, HAS, hypercholesterolemia and ischemic event. Those that presented three or more risk factors for DM, HAS and DCV being then, directed for accomplishment of anthropometric evaluation, capillary glucose measure and measurement of arterial pressure. The sample consisted of 172 students (128F/44M. The results pointed out that 121 (70.3% of the students did not practice physical activities, 124 (72.1% of the subjects presented family antecedents for DM, 131 (76.2% for HAS, 104 (60.5% for hypercholesterolemia and 91 (52.9% for previous ischemic event, 43 (25% presented overweight and 10 (5.9% first-degree obesity, 30 (17.5% had arterial pressure ? 130/60 mmHg. The results indicate the need for educational programs in the studied institution aiming at health education and prevention of chronic diseases.

  14. Belief system, meaningfulness, and psychopathology associated with suicidality among Chinese college students: a cross-sectional survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Jiubo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Research suggests that Chinese religious believers are more likely to commit suicide than those identifying as non-religious among rural young adults, contrary to findings in Western countries. However, one cannot conclude that religiosity is associated with elevated suicide risk without examining the effect of political and religious beliefs in a generally atheist country like China where political belief plays a dominant role in the belief system of young adults. The present study investigated the effects of political and religious belief on suicidality with meaningfulness and psychopathology as potential mediators in a large representative sample of Chinese college students. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1390 first-year college students randomly sampled from 10 colleges and universities in mainland China. Results A total of 1168 respondents (84.0% provided complete data on all variables. Lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation, plan, and attempt were 45.1%, 6.8%, and 1.9% respectively, with one-year suicidal ideation showing at 19.3%. Female gender was associated with elevated risk of suicidality. Political belief but not religious belief was associated with decreased suicide risk. A significant interactive effect of political belief and religious belief was found, indicating that for political believers, being religious was associated with decreased suicide risk; for non-political believers, being religious was associated with increased suicide risk. Multi-group structural equation modeling showed that meaningfulness completely mediated and psychopathology partially mediated the effect of belief system on suicidality. Gender differences were found in pathways of political belief by religious beliefs to suicidality and political belief to psychopathology. The coefficients were significant for males but not for females. Conclusions In less religious societies, political belief may serve as a means of

  15. Mental health of college students and their non-college-attending peers: results from a large French cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovess-Masfety, Viviane; Leray, Emmanuelle; Denis, Laure; Husky, Mathilde; Pitrou, Isabelle; Bodeau-Livinec, Florence

    2016-04-21

    The great majority of mental disorders begin during adolescence or early adulthood, although they are often detected and treated later in life. To compare mental health status of college students and their non-college-attending peers whether working, attending a secondary school, or non-college-attending peers who are neither employed nor students or trainees (NENST) will allow to focus on high risk group. Data were drawn from a large cross-sectional survey conducted by phone in 2005 in four French regions in a randomly selected sample of 22,138 adults. Analyses were restricted to the college-age subsample, defined as those aged 18 to 24 (n = 2424). Sociodemographic, educational, and occupational status were determined. In addition, respondents were administered standardized instruments to assess mental health and well-being (CIDI-SF, SF-36, Sheehan Disability Scale, CAGE), mastery, social support, and isolation. The four occupational groups were compared. All analyses were stratified by gender. Mental health disorders were more prevalent among the NENST group, with significant differences among men for anxiety disorders including phobias, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and panic disorder, impairing at least one role in their daily life. This was also true among women except for panic disorder. The NENST group also reported the lowest level of mastery and social support for both genders and the highest level of social isolation for women only. After adjustment, occupational status remained an independent correlate of PTSD (OR = 2.92 95 % CI = 1.4-6.1), agoraphobia (OR = 1.86 95 % CI 1.07-3.22) and alcohol dependence (OR = 2.1 95 % CI = 1.03-4.16). Compared with their peers at work or in education/training, the prevalence of certain common mental health disorders was higher among college-aged individuals in the NENST group. Efforts should be made to help young adults in the transition between school or academic contexts and joining the workforce. It is also

  16. MBTI and College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Jacqueline

    1997-01-01

    Seeks to determine if differences exist in learning styles between developmental "at-risk" college students and college peer-tutors. Finds that through the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), differences existed on the Judging-Perceiving scale. Discusses academic skills related to this scale along with suggestions peer-tutors can use…

  17. Validação do National College Health Risk Behavior Survey para utilização com universitários brasileiros Validation of National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to be use with Brazilian college students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina da Franca

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é traduzir, adaptar e validar o National College Health Risk Behavior Survey para utilização com universitários brasileiros. Participaram do estudo 208 universitários da UFPE e UPE. A validação foi realizada em cinco etapas: (1 tradução; (2 retrotradução; (3 correção e adaptação semântica (transculturalização; (4 validação de face; (5 teste e reteste. A tradução e retrotradução não apresentaram muitas discordâncias, tendo sido feitas as adaptações necessárias. Após a validação de face, o questionário foi reduzido de 96 para 52 questões. A reprodutibilidade foi avaliada através do teste de Kappa. Dos onze tópicos analisados, a maioria apresentou Kappa bom a perfeito: segurança e violência (Kappa=0,89; suicídio (Kappa=1,00; uso do tabaco (Kappa=0,90; bebida alcoólica (Kappa=0,78; consumo de cocaína e outras drogas (Kappa=0,70; comportamento sexual (Kappa=0,88 e peso corporal (Kappa=0,89. Apenas o tópico sobre alimentação apresentou Kappa fraco (Kappa = 0,26 e o tópico sobre informações em saúde apresentou Kappa moderado (Kappa=0,56. O Kappa médio para todos os tópicos foi 0,76, classificado como bom. A versão reduzida do instrumento pode ser considerada validada na língua portuguesa com nível de reprodutibilidade aceitável.The objective of this article is to translate, to adapt and to validate the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to apply at Brazilian college students. 208 college students from the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE and University of Pernambuco (UPE participated in the study. The validation was carried through in five stages: (1 translation; (2 retrotranslation; (3 correction and semantic adaptation (cultural adaptation; (4 face validation; (5 test-retest. Adaptations were done to deal with any semantic disagreements found between translation and retrotranslation. After face validation, the questionnaire was reduced from 96 to 52

  18. College Students and Pacifism: An Historical Note

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handberg, Roger B., Jr.

    1977-01-01

    Three surveys of college student attitudes have been conducted in 1962, 1972, and 1973. Over the decade since the days of the Cold War, significant change was found in the direction of increased antiwar or pacifist sentiment. (Author)

  19. The Challenges for Persistence with Two-Year College Student Transfers and How One Survey Attempts to Identify Pathways of Success for Geoscience Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, C. E.; Van Der Hoeven Kraft, K.; Wolfe, B.

    2014-12-01

    With the rapid growth in enrollments at two-year colleges (2YCs), these institutions provide a rich talent pool for future science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) graduates at four-year universities, particularly students from underrepresented groups (American Geosciences Institute [AGI], 2014). This is particularly true for the geosciences because over 25% of recent geoscience graduates with a bachelor's degree attended a 2YC for at least one semester (AGI, 2013). However, it is difficult to successfully track 2YC transfers because many 2YC students do not complete an associate's degree and very few institutions offer a geoscience-specific associate's degree. In order to recruit future geoscientists from this pool of students, researchers need to better understand the barriers these students face when trying to transfer and how they are able to successfully navigate these barriers. During spring 2014 graduation, AGI surveyed students completing their bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees about their educational background, experiences and future plans after graduation. Those graduates who attended a 2YC for at least one semester provided insight into their enrollment decisions as they transferred into a four-year university. The sample from this survey represents 154 responses from a total of 596 responses. General demographics reveal an older population (average age: 30, median: 27), a higher percent of male students (54% male, 40% female) and Caucasians (76%, 10% non Caucasian) than a traditional 2YC student. Students attending 2YC nationally are on average 28 years old (median: 24), are 57% women, and are 51% Caucasian (AACC Fast Facts, 2014). In addition, responses indicated some of the factors that influenced their ability to successfully transfer into 4-year geoscience programs including personal motivation and successful transfer of credits.

  20. Student academic achievement in college chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabibzadeh, Kiana S.

    General Chemistry is required for variety of baccalaureate degrees, including all medical related fields, engineering, and science majors. Depending on the institution, the prerequisite requirement for college level General Chemistry varies. The success rate for this course is low. The purpose of this study is to examine the factors influencing student academic achievement and retention in General Chemistry at the college level. In this study student achievement is defined by those students who earned grades of "C" or better. The dissertation contains in-depth studies on influence of Intermediate Algebra as a prerequisite compared to Fundamental Chemistry for student academic achievement and student retention in college General Chemistry. In addition the study examined the extent and manner in which student self-efficacy influences student academic achievement in college level General Chemistry. The sample for this part of the study is 144 students enrolled in first semester college level General Chemistry. Student surveys determined student self-efficacy level. The statistical analyses of study demonstrated that Fundamental Chemistry is a better prerequisite for student academic achievement and student retention. The study also found that student self-efficacy has no influence on student academic achievement. The significance of this study will be to provide data for the purpose of establishing a uniform and most suitable prerequisite for college level General Chemistry. Finally the variables identified to influence student academic achievement and enhance student retention will support educators' mission to maximize the students' ability to complete their educational goal at institutions of higher education.

  1. Empirical Research of College Students' Alternative Frameworks of Particle Mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hongmei

    2010-01-01

    Based on the constructive theory, about 300 college students of grade 05 of the electronic information specialty of Dezhou University are surveyed for their alternative frameworks of particle mechanics in college physics in this article. In the survey, the questionnaires are used to find out college students' alternative frameworks, and the…

  2. Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviors of California Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trieu, Sang Leng; Bratton, Sally; Marshak, Helen Hopp

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To explore the sexual and reproductive health behaviors of students from 13 community college campuses in California. Participants: Heterosexual college students, ages 18 to 24, who have had sexual intercourse (N = 4,487). Methods: The American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment (ACHA-NCHA) survey was…

  3. A survey of college students' dangerous behaviors on Internet%大学生网络危险行为现状调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章建明; 闵文杰

    2012-01-01

    对大学生网络犯罪行为、网络失德行为、网络受害行为、网络成瘾行为现状的调查发现,大学生各种网络危险行为的发生率从1.72%至10.56%不等,这与大学生性别、年级、学历、专业及所在学校性质等变量有关。网络危险行为会给大学生的健康和生活带来较大程度的损害,因此,高校应有针对性地对大学生开展网络安全教育。%It is a survey of the college students' dangerous behaviors on the Internet such as cyber crime, cyber de- moralization, cyber suffering and Internet addiction. The incidence rates of the college students' dangerous behaviors on Internet ranges from 1.72% to 10.56%, which varies with such factors as the students' gender,grade,major and college type. The dangerous behaviors on Internet bring great harm to the college students' health and life, so it is necessary to conduct the Interact security education in colleges.

  4. KPI Student Satisfaction Survey, 2001. Executive Summary Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheridan Coll. (Ontario).

    The KPI (Key Performance Indicators) Student Satisfaction Survey is a paper-based survey distributed to all students in Ontario's Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology. The results of the Sheridan College survey for 2001 are presented in this report. The student population at Sheridan for the winter 2001 survey was 9,134. A total of 6,566…

  5. Gender Related Attitudes towards Eating and Health among College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papini, Dennis R.; Lloyd, Paul J.

    Heightened concern about eating behavior has been expressed in recent surveys of high school and college students. There have been increased requests for treatment of eating disorders among college students and many colleges have developed programs that provide treatment for students afflicted with an eating disorder. The Eating Disorder Inventory…

  6. The Survey on Barriers of Oral English Learning for College Students in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Yuehong; Zhang, Li

    2013-01-01

    With the development of society, oral English teaching and learning has been the top in English teaching and learning in china. This paper reports a survey conducted at North China Electric Power University on the barriers for learners of oral English learning in China. Questionnaires with both close-ended and open-ended questions were distributed…

  7. Prevalence of overweight and obesity, and dieting attitudes among Caucasian and African American college students in Eastern North carolina: A cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sira, Natalia; Pawlak, Roman

    2010-02-01

    A cross-sectional survey was used to investigate the rates of overweight and obesity (BMI >/= 25), and eating attitudes among college students. Data were collected at a large southeastern university. Adolescents (ages 18-25) self-reported weight and height (to calculate BMI), and, in addition to demographic information, completed the eating attitudes (EAT 26) scale to assess dieting tendencies. Significance of the mean BMI differences between gender and ethnic background were assessed by one-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA). Chi-square was used to determine whether the rate of those with BMI>/=25 between gender and ethnic background was statistically significant. While 52.7% of the students' BMI were within the normal weight category, 15.2% were underweight, 21.3% were overweight, and 10.8% were obese. The rate of BMI>/=25 differed by gender and ethnicity, with males and African Americans having higher rates. About 12 % of the participants reported disturbed eating behavior, which is lower than previously reported. Even so, results support the generally held belief that disturbed eating attitudes and unhealthy dieting are common among college students, especially among females. At the same time, disturbed eating attitudes are not just the domain of young female students; about 10% of college males reported disturbed eating attitudes. Findings of this study call for obesity prevention/intervention and lifestyle modification outreach programs among college students. Weight status and unhealthy eating behaviors of college students should be a concern to health care professionals. While obese young adults will likely remain obese throughout their adult life, excessive dieting among students, which is linked to eating disorders and other health hazards, does not provide healthy and adequate alternatives for maintaining a normal BMI. Implications for obesity prevention programs are discussed.

  8. Measuring How College Affects Students: Social Desirability and Other Potential Biases in College Student Self-Reported Gains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowman, Nicholas A.; Hill, Patrick L.

    2011-01-01

    Colleges and universities are increasingly using national surveys to assess their students' learning and development. Given the importance of the first year of college for student adjustment and retention (Tinto, 1993), some of these surveys are designed specifically to gauge the experiences and outcomes of first-year students. These large-scale…

  9. Are Students Ready for College? What Student Engagement Data Say

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Martha; Kuh, George D.

    2006-01-01

    How realistic are high school students' educational aspirations? Reviewing the findings of the High School Survey of Student Engagement, Ms. McCarthy and Mr. Kuh note a troubling mismatch between the academic habits of many high school students and what will be expected of them in college. (Contains 1 figure and 19 endnotes.)

  10. College Student Concerns: Perceptions of Student Affairs Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Amy L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to increase awareness of the perceptions of student affairs professionals regarding the most frequent and challenging concerns facing college students today. Using the Delphi method, 159 entry-level and mid-level student affairs administrators from institutions across the country were surveyed about their perceptions…

  11. Why College Students Watch Soap Operas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breen, Myles P.; Powell, Jon T.

    A survey of 549 college students investigated the size and motivation of the campus audience for soap operas. About half the student population (40% of the women and 10% of the men) claimed to watch the daytime serials. Most of the women viewing the soap operas watched two or three serials per week, with 83.3% following at least two regularly, and…

  12. Attitudes toward Including Students with Intellectual Disabilities at College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Megan M.; Summer, Allison H.; McMillan, Elise D.; Day, Tammy L.; Hodapp, Robert M.

    2012-01-01

    Although inclusive postsecondary education programs are increasingly available, little is known about the attitudes of matriculating college students toward the inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities in their classes. To assess these attitudes, the authors surveyed 256 college students about their attitudes toward students with…

  13. Factors Correlated with the Interactional Diversity of Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Willis A.

    2016-01-01

    This study used data from the Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE) to examine how student background characteristics, student engagement, and institutional characteristics correlate with the frequency of interactional diversity among community college students. Given the current lack of research on interactional diversity among…

  14. Reconsidering the Relationship between Student Engagement and Persistence in College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Shouping

    2011-01-01

    Using data from two rounds of surveys on students in the Washington State Achievers (WSA) program, this study examined the relationship between student engagement in college activities and student persistence in college. Different approaches using student engagement measures in the persistence models were compared. The results indicated that the…

  15. Cyberbullying Behaviors among Female College Students: Witnessing, Perpetration, and Victimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selkie, Ellen M.; Kota, Rajitha; Moreno, Megan

    2016-01-01

    Problem: Cyberbullying is common among adolescents, and emerging studies also describe this phenomenon in college students. Less is known about specific cyberbullying behaviors and roles in cyberbullying incidents experienced by college females. Methods: 249 female students from 4 colleges completed online surveys assessing involvement in 11…

  16. Cyberbullying Behaviors among Female College Students: Witnessing, Perpetration, and Victimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selkie, Ellen M.; Kota, Rajitha; Moreno, Megan

    2016-01-01

    Problem: Cyberbullying is common among adolescents, and emerging studies also describe this phenomenon in college students. Less is known about specific cyberbullying behaviors and roles in cyberbullying incidents experienced by college females. Methods: 249 female students from 4 colleges completed online surveys assessing involvement in 11…

  17. Drinking to Get Drunk among Incoming Freshmen College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boekeloo, Bradley O.; Novik, Melinda G.; Bush, Elizabeth N.

    2011-01-01

    Background: The consumption of alcohol is ubiquitous on many college and university campuses. For some freshmen students, drinking may even be considered a "right of passage." Purpose: This study examined college freshmen who intentionally drink alcohol to get drunk (DTGD). Methods: Survey data from 307 incoming freshmen college students living in…

  18. Investigating Sophomore Student Success: The National Survey of Sophomore-Year Initiatives and the Sophomore Experiences Survey, 2014. Research Reports on College Transitions No. 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Dallin George; Schreiner, Laurie A.; McIntosh, Eric J.

    2015-01-01

    Less is known about the second college year compared to other transition points, and fewer high-impact initiatives and curricular programs tend to be offered to sophomores. To increase our knowledge of this important, but sometimes neglected, year on the collegiate journey, "Investigating Sophomore Student Success" presents findings from…

  19. Investigating Sophomore Student Success: The National Survey of Sophomore-Year Initiatives and the Sophomore Experiences Survey, 2014. Research Reports on College Transitions No. 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Dallin George; Schreiner, Laurie A.; McIntosh, Eric J.

    2015-01-01

    Less is known about the second college year compared to other transition points, and fewer high-impact initiatives and curricular programs tend to be offered to sophomores. To increase our knowledge of this important, but sometimes neglected, year on the collegiate journey, "Investigating Sophomore Student Success" presents findings from…

  20. College Students' Perspectives on Dating a Person Who Stutters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayo, Robert; Mayo, Carolyn M.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine college students' perspectives on dating a person who stutters (PWS). One hundred and thirty-two college students responded to a 19-item survey questionnaire. Survey items included questions about participants' familiarity with persons who stutter, family and/or personal history of stuttering, knowledge of…

  1. Student Engagement: A CCSSE Follow-Up Study to Improve Student Engagement in a Community College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudley, Deryn M.; Liu, Lu; Hao, Lan; Stallard, Claire

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative case study at a two-year community college investigated the reasons behind a persistent gap in the college students' engagement level in several key areas such as active and collaborative learning and student-faculty interaction as demonstrated in the longitudinal Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE) and the…

  2. Survey and Thinking on Interpersonal Communication among College Students%大学生人际交往现状的调查与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雷

    2012-01-01

    人际交往能力在大学生的整体素质中占有非常重要的地位,其发展水平直接影响到大学生的全面发展。通过对重庆市五所高校392名大学生的问卷调查发现,当前大学生在人际交往中存在着诸如交往动机过于功利、交往能力不强、缺乏交往的主动性和交往技巧等问题。因此,高校应引导大学生树立以人为本的交往观,培养其自主负责的道德习惯,并营造和谐的校园文化环境,以不断提升大学生的人际交往能力,构建良好的人际关系。%Interpersonal skills play a very important role in the overall qualities of college students, their level of development directly affect the comprehensive development of college students. Through a questionnaire survey of 392 students in five colleges and universities in Chongqing City, there are some problems of students in interpersonal communication, for example, which is too utilitarian, and ability is not strong, lack of communication initiative and communication skills. Therefore, universities should guide students to establish con- tacts with people-centered concept, develop their autonomy and responsible moral habits, and create a harmonious campus culture environment to enhance college students'interpersonal skills, and build good relationships.

  3. Medical students' choice of specialty and factors determining their choice: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey in Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chew, Yu Wei; Rajakrishnan, Sudeash; Low, Chin Aun; Jayapalan, Prakash Kumar; Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T

    2011-01-01

    Information about medical students' choice of specialty can be helpful for planning health manpower. However, such information from medical students in Malaysian medical schools is lacking. We carried out a cross-sectional questionnaire survey among fourth- and fifth-year medical undergraduate students at Melaka-Manipal Medical College. A total of 425 students responded to the survey questionnaire. Nearly a quarter of the students indicated internal medicine as their choice of specialty. Other choices were general surgery (13.2%), pediatrics (11.3%), orthopedics (12.7%) and obstetrics & gynecology (Ob/Gyn) (12.1%). Female students (OR 1.91; 95% CI 1.18-3.08), fourth-year students (OR 1.9; 95% CI 1.15-3.12), and students who reported a higher self-rated knowledge of their subject of choice were more likely to choose internal medicine and allied specialties (OR 1.53; 95% CI 1.07-2.19). The influence of teaching faculty and consultants at the teaching hospitals (74.4%) and inspiration obtained during clinical postings (71.9%) were the factors which were rated by the most students as 'important' for choosing a specialty. About half of the students intended to pursue their postgraduate studies in Malaysia, most of the rest in the United Kingdom or Australia. While internal medicine and surgical subspecialties were preferred, students were not inclined towards primary care or diagnostic subspecialties. Incentives should be provided and other measures should be taken to make these branches more attractive.

  4. Suicidal Behavior and Help Seeking among Diverse College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownson, Chris; Becker, Martin Swanbrow; Shadick, Richard; Jaggars, Shanna S.; Nitkin-Kaner, Yael

    2014-01-01

    Suicidal and help-seeking behaviors of students of color remain a significant problem on college campuses. Self-reported suicidal experiences and help-seeking behavior of diverse students are examined on the basis of results from a national survey of college student mental health. The results suggest significant differences in the expression of…

  5. College Algebra Students' Attitudes toward Mathematics in Their Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Champion, Joe; Parker, Frieda; Mendoza-Spencer, Bernadette; Wheeler, Ann

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the degree to which college algebra students' value mathematical skills in their prospective careers. A survey was administered to N = 144 students in 6 college algebra classes at a mid-sized doctoral granting university. Students in half the classes completed a data analysis project, and half of the…

  6. The Guizhou province college students' psychological flexible survey%贵州省大学生心理弹性的现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰文杰; 韦瑶; 陈凯珊; 张静伟

    2013-01-01

    In order to understand the status quo and development trend of college students in Guizhou Province, mental flexibility, to better promote the development of students' psychological health of Guizhou Province, this study Huyue Qin and Gan Yiqun preparation the adolescent mental toughness Scale, five colleges and universities in Guizhou Provincefreshman to senior students conducted a survey. The results showed that; Guizhou Province of the overall situation of college students'psychological flexibility in the middle a bit more on the level; In a different gender, home location, whether the only college students in Guizhou Province under the different professions, different grades variable psychological flexibility results significant; Whether the single-parent families, different ethnic groups, whether for college students in Guizhou Province the student cadres variable under psychological flexibility results significantly.%为了了解贵州省大学生心理弹性的现状和发展趋势,更好地促进贵州省大学生心理健康的发展,本研究采用胡月琴和甘怡群编制的《青少年心理韧性量表》,对贵州省5所高校大一至大四的学生进行了调查.结果表明:贵州省大学生心理弹性的整体情况处于中等略偏上的水平;在不同性别、家庭所在地、是否独生、不同专业、不同年级变量下的贵州省大学生心理弹性结果显著;在是否单亲家庭、不同民族、是否为学生干部变量下的贵州省大学生心理弹性结果不显著.

  7. Presenting Opera to College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drago, Marganne

    1993-01-01

    Describes a college level course in opera for nonmusic education students. Contends that students benefited from the enriching experience of the course. Includes a list of 10 operas recommended for an introductory course. (CFR)

  8. Presenting Opera to College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drago, Marganne

    1993-01-01

    Describes a college level course in opera for nonmusic education students. Contends that students benefited from the enriching experience of the course. Includes a list of 10 operas recommended for an introductory course. (CFR)

  9. College Student Depression: Counseling Billy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobley, A. Keith

    2008-01-01

    A substantial portion of the college student population experiences affective disorders. This case study presents the conceptualization, course of treatment, and outcomes for a male college student presenting for counseling with depression. A review of Adlerian, cognitive-behavioral, and Gestalt techniques is provided. (Contains 1 figure.)

  10. College Affordability and Student Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shireman, Robert

    2009-01-01

    College--whether with a vocational or liberal-arts bent--gives students an opportunity to test areas of interest, to follow their passions, or perhaps to find passions that they didn't know they had. The question for the nation is how to provide college "opportunity" more broadly. That means a system that makes it possible for students--rich or…

  11. College Students with Psychiatric Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Delar K.

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on college students with psychiatric disabilities. It defines and discusses various psychiatric conditions such as mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and personality disorders. It concludes with accommodations that a college professor can make to help these students succeed in higher education. (Contains 1…

  12. Connected yet Distracted: Multitasking among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokhtari, Kouider; Delello, Julie; Reichard, Carla

    2015-01-01

    In this study, 935 undergraduate college students from a regional four-year university responded to an online time-diary survey asking them to report their multitasking habits and practices while engaged in four main activities: reading voluntarily for fun, reading for academic purposes, watching television (TV), and using the Internet. Results…

  13. Perceived Parenting Styles on College Students' Optimism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Debora R.; McIntyre, Anne; Hardaway, Elizabeth

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived parenting styles and levels of optimism in undergraduate college students. Sixty-three participants were administered surveys measuring dispositional optimism and perceived parental Authoritative and Authoritarian styles. Multiple regression analysis revealed that both…

  14. Correlates of College Students' Attitudes toward Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahn, Changhwan; And Others

    This study describes the development of the Attitude Toward Grades (ATG) survey instrument, a brief internally consistent measure of college student attitude toward grades and reports on selected behavioral correlates of that attitude. An initial item pool of approximately 50 attitude statements was created and the Thurstone equal appearing…

  15. Promoting Wellness for Thai College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratanasiripong, Paul; Rodriguez, Adrian

    2011-01-01

    There are few in-depth studies of Thai college student health and mental health behaviors that focus on the cultural influences that shape such behaviors. Thus, the purposes of this study are: (1) to conduct the needs assessment survey on health and mental health issues at a public university in Thailand in order to better understand the issues…

  16. Sexual and reproductive health service needs of university/ college students: updates from a survey in Shanghai, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin Chen; Pei Chen; Yong-Ning Lu; Hong-Xiang Wang; Qing-Liang Ma; Xiao-Ming Zhao; Jian-Hua Guo; Kai Hu; Yi-Xin Wang; Yi-Ran Huang

    2008-01-01

    Aim: To promote the provision of reproductive health services to young people by exploring the attitudes and perceptions of university students in Shanghai, China, toward reproductive health. Methods: From July 2004 to May 2006, 5 243 students from 14 universities in Shanghai took part in our survey. Topics covered the demands of reproductive health-care services, attitudes towards and experience with sex, exposure to pornographic material, and knowledge on sexual health and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/AIDS. Results: Of the 5 067 students who provided valid answer sheets, 50.05% were female and 49.95% were male, 14.86% were medical students, and 85.14% had non-medical backgrounds. A total of 38.4% of respondents had received reproductive health education previously. The majority of students supported school-based reproductive health education, and also acquired information about sex predominantly from books, schoolmates, and the Internet. Premarital sexual be- havior was opposed by 17.7% of survey participants, and 37.5% could identify all the three types of STIs listed in the questionnaire. Although 83.7% knew how HIV is transmitted, only 55.7% knew when to use a condom and 57.8% knew that the use of condoms could reduce the risk of HIV infection. Conclusion: The reproductive health service is lagging behind current attitudes and demands of university students. Although students' attitudes towards sexual matters are liberal, their knowledge about reproductive health and STIs/AIDS is still limited. It is therefore necessary to provide effective and confidential reproductive health services to young people. (Asian J Androl 2008 Jul; 10: 607-615)

  17. Sexual and reproductive health service needs of university/college students: updates from a survey in Shanghai, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Bin; Lu, Yong-Ning; Wang, Hong-Xiang; Ma, Qing-Liang; Zhao, Xiao-Ming; Guo, Jian-Hua; Hu, Kai; Wang, Yi-Xin; Huang, Yi-Ran; Chen, Pei

    2008-07-01

    To promote the provision of reproductive health services to young people by exploring the attitudes and perceptions of university students in Shanghai, China, toward reproductive health. From July 2004 to May 2006, 5 243 students from 14 universities in Shanghai took part in our survey. Topics covered the demands of reproductive health-care services, attitudes towards and experience with sex, exposure to pornographic material, and knowledge on sexual health and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/AIDS. Of the 5 067 students who provided valid answer sheets, 50.05% were female and 49.95% were male, 14.86% were medical students, and 85.14% had non-medical backgrounds. A total of 38.4% of respondents had received reproductive health education previously. The majority of students supported school-based reproductive health education, and also acquired information about sex predominantly from books, schoolmates, and the Internet. Premarital sexual behavior was opposed by 17.7% of survey participants, and 37.5% could identify all the three types of STIs listed in the questionnaire. Although 83.7% knew how HIV is transmitted, only 55.7% knew when to use a condom and 57.8% knew that the use of condoms could reduce the risk of HIV infection. The reproductive health service is lagging behind current attitudes and demands of university students. Although students' attitudes towards sexual matters are liberal, their knowledge about reproductive health and STIs/AIDS is still limited. It is therefore necessary to provide effective and confidential reproductive health services to young people.

  18. Determinants of Willingness to Pay for an Urban Green Area: A Contingent Valuation Survey of College Students

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Bonaventura Forleo; Nicola Gagliardi; Luca Romagnoli

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study is to identify factors affecting young people’s willingness to pay (WTP) for the conservation of an urban green area. A questionnaire survey, based on the Contingent Valuation method, was administered to a sample of students enrolled at the University of Molise (Italy). We examine the determinants of WTP for use and non-use values, visitors’ profiles, socioeconomic characteristics and environmental attitudes. We detect factors affecting WTP decisions through logistic regr...

  19. A Survey of Mental Health on College Students before Graduation%大学生毕业前心理健康调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振国; 刘少文; 赵虎; 杨凤霞; 王永华

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the mental health of university students before graduation.Methods: By cluster sampling,457 university students before graduation were assessed with SCL-90. Results: The most common mental health problems of pregraduation college students were compulsion and interpersonal sensitivity, and girls suffered more than boys. Conclusion: Most of the college students were in perfect mental health conditions. Environment and sex were important factors affecting mental health of university students.

  20. Understanding the Working College Student

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perna, Laura W.

    2010-01-01

    Working is now a fundamental responsibility for many undergraduates. But understanding how employment affects students' educational experiences is complicated by why students work. Many students must work to pay the costs of attending college. Some traditional-age students may use employment as a way to explore career options or earn spending…

  1. Iowa College Student Aid Commission Student and Faculty Ethnic Diversity Report, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greiner, Keith; Girardi, Anthony G.; Griffin, Mary Beth

    2008-01-01

    This report presents results of the Iowa College Student Aid Commission's annual survey of colleges and universities in Iowa concerning racial and ethnic minority representation among students and faculty. The report summarizes trends in student enrollment, state-sponsored student financial aid, and faculty appointments by racial and ethnic…

  2. Conceptions of a Good College Student, Parent-Student Communication About College, First-Year Grades, and College Retention Among First- and Non-First-Generation College Students

    OpenAIRE

    Palbusa, Julienne Marie Alipio

    2016-01-01

    This study examined conceptions of a good college student, parent-student communication about college, academic achievement, college student retention, and college generation status among first-year college students. 344 undergraduates described the characteristics and skills of a good college student. In addition, they reported the frequency, perceived helpfulness, and quality (instrumental and emotional support) of parent-student communication about college. Student GPA and second year rete...

  3. Dating Violence among College Students: Key Issues for College Counselors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Christine E.; Kardatzke, Kerrie N.

    2007-01-01

    The authors present a review of literature examining dating violence among college students. They describe 6 key issues related to dating violence among college students that affect college counselors' work. These key issues relate to the incidence and prevalence of physical, sexual, and psychological violence in college students' dating…

  4. 高职大学生社会兼职状况调查与创业教育引导——基于广州某高职学院的问卷调查%Survey on Status of Vocational College Students Doing Part-time Jobs and Entrepreneurship Education Guidance --Based on A Survey of Vocational College Students in Guangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳大胜

    2012-01-01

    社会兼职是大学生充实业余生活的重要选择,也可能是获取创业必要经验和能力的重要途径。文章通过对广州某高职学院大学生的社会兼职现状抽样调查,分析发现其创业经验和能力的收获甚微。因此,建议加强创业教育,完善创业教育引导机制,从而提高高职大学生创业能力。%For college students, social part-time activity is an important part for the enrichment of their life. It is also an important way to accumulate the necessary entrepreneurial experience and ability which is needed for students to open a career. Through a sample survey on students of a vocational college in Guangzhou, this paper analyzes students' social part-time status and comes to a conclusion that they have gained little entrepreneurial experience and capacity. In this sense, this paper suggests that in order to improve vocational college students' entrepreneurial capacity, entreprenenrship education must be strengthened, especially the guiding mechanism of entrepreneurship education.

  5. 高职大学生社会支持现状的调查研究%Survey on Social Support Status Quo of Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙克波

    2014-01-01

    采用肖水源的社会支持量表,以618名高职大学生为研究对象,调查分析了高职大学生社会支持现状,结果表明:是独生子的高职大学生客观支持得分显著高于非独生子的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生,非独生子的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于独生子,是班干部的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持利用度得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生支持总分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持总分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生。结论:高职大学生的社会支持呈现一定的特点,受其生源地、是否为独生子女、是否为班干部等因素的影响。对高职大学生开展心理健康教育时,要充分考虑其社会支持程度的差异性,鼓励其积极主动获取社会支持。%This survey employs Xiao Shuiyuan’s social support scaling method and uses 618 higher vocational col-lege students as research objects to survey and analyze social support status quo of college students. The result shows that the objective support score of higher vocational college students who are only child is higher than non -only child significantly;the subjective support score of higher vocational college students whose origins are cities is much higher than those from rural areas;the subjective support score of the non - only child is far higher than the only - child;the subjective support score of class leaders is even higher than those who are not class leaders;the support availability score of class leaders is significantly higher than those who are not class leaders;the total sup-port score of those from cities is higher than those from rural areas;the total support score of class leaders is

  6. Sexual violence in college students in Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Lehrer, Jocelyn A.; Lehrer, Vivian L.; Lehrer, Evelyn Lilian; Oyarzun, Pamela

    2007-01-01

    Young women's experiences of sexual victimization can have far-reaching consequences, including unwanted pregnancy and increased risk of psychological, sexual, and reproductive health difficulties; these experiences can also limit young women's ability to achieve their educational potential. To date, no quantitative studies have examined sexual violence among college students in Chile. To address this gap, an anonymous survey was administered to students enrolled in General Education courses ...

  7. College Students' Life Satisfaction Survey and Analysis--Take a Normal College as an example%大学生生活满意度调查与分析--以某师范学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈梅; 徐速; 蔡景西

    2014-01-01

    The student population is the hope for the future, is the driving force of state and national development, it is vital of their life satisfaction. So college life satisfaction survey has important significance. In this paper, a selected Anhui Normal University surveyed 195 college students, the"Students' Life Satisfaction Scale", examines the differences between subjects on life satisfaction in different grades, gender, profession and family background.%大学生群体是未来的希望,是国家和民族发展的动力,他们对生活的满意程度至关重要。因此对大学生的生活满意度调查有重要的意义。本文选取了安徽某师范学院195名大学生为调查对象,采用“大学生生活满意度量表”,考察了不同年级、性别、专业和家庭背景的被试在生活满意度上的差异。

  8. Types of college student-to-student learning: correlated interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miley, William M; Gonsalves, Sonia V; Arcuri, Alan

    2004-02-01

    209 college men and 327 college women took a 20-item Likert survey to assess the types of education-related information students may learn from other students during their informal interactions. Students were very likely to ask other students low level questions such as which professors were good and which classes to take. They were less likely to ask other students about concepts discussed in class and how to solve problems generated in class. If students asked about test taking, these students were also likely to ask about study skills and writing skills for the class. Other research suggests these higher level help-seeking behaviors seem to be related to classroom mastery and achievement.

  9. Turning the Question Around: Do Colleges Fail to Meet Students' Expectations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenbaum, James E.; Becker, Kelly Iwanaga; Cepa, Kennan A.; Zapata-Gietl, Claudia E.

    2016-01-01

    Research often focuses on how students fail to meet college expectations, but it rarely asks how colleges fail to meet students' expectations. This study examines students' expectations of college and their institutional confidence--their level of certainty that college will meet their expectations. Drawing on 65 pilot interviews and a survey of…

  10. Students' Perceptions of Factors that Affect College Funding Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Julia Y.; Fossey, W. Richard; Davis, William E.; Burnett, Michael F.; Stuhlmann, Janice; Suchy, Patricia A.

    2006-01-01

    This exploratory study examines the factors that college students perceive are important in helping them make good financial decisions about paying for a college education. The study categorizes and summarizes students' self-reported responses to an open-ended survey question about recommendations for changes in financial aid counseling practices.…

  11. College Students' Perceived Disease Risk versus Actual Prevalence Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Matthew Lee; Dickerson, Justin B.; Sosa, Erica T.; McKyer, E. Lisako J.; Ory, Marcia G.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To compare college students' perceived disease risk with disease prevalence rates. Methods: Data were analyzed from 625 college students collected with an Internet-based survey. Paired t-tests were used to separately compare participants' perceived 10-year and lifetime disease risk for 4 diseases: heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and…

  12. Rape Myth Beliefs and Bystander Attitudes among Incoming College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The bystander approach to rape prevention is gaining popularity on college campuses, although research is limited. This study explored bystander attitudes and their relationship with rape myths in a sample of college students. Participants: Surveys from 2,338 incoming undergraduate students at a large, northeastern university were…

  13. Mass Media Use by College Students during Hurricane Threat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotrowski, Chris

    2015-01-01

    There is a dearth of studies on how college students prepare for the threat of natural disasters. This study surveyed college students' preferences in mass media use prior to an approaching hurricane. The convenience sample (n = 76) were from a university located in the hurricane-prone area of the central Gulf of Mexico coast. Interestingly,…

  14. Disparities in Overweight and Obesity among US College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Toben F.; Gortmaker, Steven L.; Subramanian, S. V.; Cheung, Lilian; Wechsler, Henry

    2007-01-01

    Objectives: To examine social disparities and behavioral correlates of overweight and obesity over time among college students. Methods: Multilevel analyses of BMI, physical activity, and television viewing from 2 representative surveys of US college students (n=24,613). Results: Overweight and obesity increased over time and were higher among…

  15. An Empirical Investigation of Student Satisfaction with College Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclaire, Jollean K.

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between the organizational behavior concept of job satisfaction and student satisfaction with college courses. It reports on a survey of 560 students on attitudes related to aspects of college courses including views on faculty, interaction and communication, the course, the physical learning environment, and…

  16. Protecting Colleges and Students: Community College Strategies to Prevent Default

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKibben, Bryce; La Rocque, Matthew; Cochrane, Debbie

    2014-01-01

    Student loan default, defined as federal loan borrowers' failure to make any payments for at least 270 days, is an issue of increasing importance to community colleges and their students. This report takes a unique look at student loan default at nine community colleges across the nation, and how those colleges are working to help students avoid…

  17. Screening College Students for Hypercholesterolemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faigel, Harris C.

    1992-01-01

    Describes one college's mandatory mass cholesterol screening for new students. Each year, over 30 beginning students with unknown hypercholesterolemia were detected. The program suggests that mass screening efficiently and economically identifies students who would benefit from cholesterol reduction, a modifiable risk in coronary artery disease.…

  18. Survey of Happiness of College Students and Thinking%当代大学生幸福感调查与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢安国

    2011-01-01

    随着社会的加速发展,当代大学生面临着更加严峻的学习、就业、家庭、婚恋、人际关系等多方面的压力,对幸福的追求发生了微妙的变化.通过调查,发现大学生整体幸福感状况良好,但也存在偏差.基于调查,提出了提升大学生幸福感的建议:1.加强幸福教育,培养积极心理品质;2.加强校园文化建设,搭建大学生体验幸福感的机会和平台;3.加强心理健康教育课程建设,促进大学生幸福感水平提升;4.引导大学生在社会化过程中加强自我完善.%With the accelerated development of the society, college students faced with more severe pressures such as learning, employment, family,marriage, interpersonal relationships etc; the pursuit of happiness also changed. Through investigation, the author found that the overall well-being of colleger is in good condition, but there are deviations. Based on the survey, this paper put forward proposals to enhance students' sense of happiness:first, strengthen the well-being education, and develop a positive mental quality; secondly, strengthen building of campus culture, and create opportunities and build platform for students to experience happiness; third, strengthen construction of mental health education programs, and promote students'happiness levels; forth, guide students to strengthen self-improvement in the process of socialization.

  19. Technology Use among College Students: Implications for Student Affairs Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemmill, Erin; Peterson, Michael

    2006-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to explore the extent to which technology disrupts and occupies the time of a college student and to determine the degree to which these disruptions contribute to perceived stress. A 71-item survey to assess perceived stress, technology use and disruptions, and social support was administered to 299 undergraduate …

  20. Care of the college student.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unwin, Brian K; Goodie, Jeffrey; Reamy, Brian V; Quinlan, Jeffrey

    2013-11-01

    There are approximately 20 million students in U.S. colleges and universities. Although this population is characterized as having good health, 600,000 students report some form of disability or some type of medical problem, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, learning disabilities, psychiatric disorders, and chronic illnesses, among others. Physicians can enhance youth transition to an adult model of health care; the use of self-care skills checklists is one recommended method to assist with the transition. Stimulant medications are effective for treating adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, but physicians should use caution when prescribing stimulants to college students because of the high rates of medication diversion in this population. Depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, sleep problems, and eating disorders are common in college students and can significantly impact performance. Emphasis on immunization of students for influenza, meningococcus, and pertussis is necessary because of the low rates of compliance. Screening and interventions for obesity, tobacco use, and substance abuse are important because of the high prevalence of these problems in college students. Screening for alcohol abuse facilitates identification of students with problem drinking behaviors. Students who are war veterans should be monitored for suicidal ideation and posttraumatic stress disorder. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning students are at risk of harassment and discrimination. Caution should be exercised when prescribing medications to college athletes to avoid violation of National Collegiate Athletic Association eligibility rules.

  1. Dating Violence among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iconis, Rosemary

    2013-01-01

    Dating violence is a significant problem on college campuses. More than one-fifth of the undergraduate dating population are physically abused by their dating partners and an even greater percentage are psychologically abused. Researchers have identified risk factors for college student dating violence. Preventive interventions are strongly…

  2. 医学院校学生抑郁情绪状况调查%Survey on depression emotion among students from medical universities/colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于林露; 谭曦; 李扬; 陈凌昔; 陈璐; 孔军辉

    2015-01-01

    目的 调查医学院校大学生抑郁情绪的发生情况. 方法 采取整群抽样方法,分别于2010年10月及2013年10月,采用流调中心用抑郁量表( CES-D)对北京市某医科大学在校学生进行调查. 结果 2010年调查411名大学生,有抑郁情绪233名(56.69%),2013年调查810名大学生,有抑郁情绪263名(32.47%),2013年医学生抑郁情绪发生率低于2010年(P<0.001). 2010年男生抑郁情绪发生率高于女生(P<0.05);2010年及2013年独生子女抑郁情绪发生率低于非独生子女(P<0.05),来自乡村的医学生抑郁情绪发生率高于来自城市的医学生(P<0.05). 结论 医学院校大学生抑郁情绪发生率较高,应加强对大学生心理健康教育工作,促进大学生心理健康.%Objective To investigate the incidence of depression emotion among students from medical universities/colleges. Methods The cluster sampling method was adopted to a survey which was conducted in the students from a medical university in Beijing in October 2010 and October 2013 with Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale(CES-D).Results Four hundred and eleven university students were enrolled in the survey in 2010,of whom 233 had depression emotion(56.69%).Eight hundred and ten university students were enrolled in the survey in 2013,of whom 263 had depression emotion(32.47%).The incidence of depression emotion in the medical students in 2013 was lower than that in 2010(P<0.001).The incidence of depression emotion in the male students was higher than that in the female students in 2010(P<0.05).Lower incidence of depression emotion was observed in the students from only child family compared to the students from non-only child family(P<0.05).The incidence of depression emotion in the medical students from rural areas was higher than that in the medical students from cities( P<0.05).Conclusion The incidence of depression emotion of students from medical universities/colleges is high.The psychological health

  3. Interviewing College Students in Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hersh, Jeffrey B.

    1985-01-01

    Presents a five-step model of a crisis interview and the special considerations in working with the suicidal and assaultive student for use by college counseling professionals. Discusses the special cases of suicidal and homocidal/assaultive potential. (LLL)

  4. A Cross-Comparative Survey of Information Seeking and Scanning About Drug-Related Sources and Topics Among U.S. and Israeli College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Ying; Ahn, Jisoo; Lewis, Nehama; Martinez, Lourdes S

    2017-08-01

    There is an increasing amount of drug-related information that is easily accessible from media and interpersonal sources. Recent research shows significant positive associations between information acquisition and nonmedical drug use intentions among college students. This study examines information about amphetamines and marijuana that was actively searched ("seeking") as well as information that was encountered during routine media use ("scanning"). Data are drawn from a cross-national comparative survey of college students in the United States (N = 734) and in Israel (N = 800). U.S. participants reported seeking and scanning information about marijuana across a broader range of sources than Israeli participants. Among U.S. and Israeli participants, the most frequently searched marijuana-related topics included the benefits of marijuana, negative effects of marijuana use, and political reasons why marijuana should be legal. Participants from both countries reported the benefits of amphetamines, and the negative effects of amphetamine use as the most frequently searched topics about amphetamines. Participants in both countries identified the internet and friends as the most popular sources of drug-related information and noted that physicians, friends, and the internet were the most trusted sources. Implications for research on information seeking and health communication are discussed.

  5. 关于大学生幸福感问题的调查与分析%Survey and Analysis of Happiness of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄建榕; 刘茜

    2012-01-01

      随着社会的加速发展,当代大学生面临着更加严峻的学习、就业、情感、人际关系等多方面的压力。他们对幸福的理解与追求也发生了变化。通过调查,发现大学生整体幸福感状况良好,但也存在偏差。基于调查,提出了大学生幸福感的营造方案。%  With the accelerated development of the society , college students are facing with more and more severe pressures such as learning , employment, emotion, interpersonal relationship.The pursuit of happiness also chan-ges.Through investigation, the author found that the overall well -being of colleges is in good condition , but there are deviations.Based on the survey, this paper puts forward some proposals to enhance students ’ sense of happi-ness.

  6. Current Situation Analysis for Oral English Learning of Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶

    2013-01-01

    Through the questionnaire, this paper makes survey and analysis on the current oral English learning situation of the vocational college students, and explores the methods and approaches to improve the vocational college students ’oral English communication ability.

  7. Survey on College Students' Satisfaction With Life%杭州市大学生生活满意感调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静; 杨宏飞

    2003-01-01

    Objective:To investigate university studems'' satisfaction with life in Hangzhou.Methods:641 collge students from seven colleges were tested with The Satisfaction with Life Scale(SWLS) . Results: (1)University students generally hold medium satisfaction with life, (2)Female students were more satisfied than male students, and students from cities were more satisfied than those from countryside( P < 0.01 ). Only - child students were more satisfied than no - only - child students, and economically no- needy students were more satisfactory than needy students( P < 0.05). (3)There were significant differences between key uni-versity students and non- key colleges students( P < 0.01 ). Conclusion:The university students in Hangzhou are moderately sati-stied with life . How to improve their life satisfaction need further research.

  8. Intercultural Competence and Student Engagement of U.S. Community College Students: A Mixed Method Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Rebecca L.; Bustamante, Rebecca M.; Edmonson, Stacey L.

    2016-01-01

    In a culturally diverse society, United States community colleges are ideally positioned to develop intercultural competence in students. This mixed method study focused on the relationship between student engagement, as measured by the Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE) (2005), and intercultural competence, as assessed by the…

  9. Intercultural Competence and Student Engagement of U.S. Community College Students: A Mixed Method Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Rebecca L.; Bustamante, Rebecca M.; Edmonson, Stacey L.

    2016-01-01

    In a culturally diverse society, United States community colleges are ideally positioned to develop intercultural competence in students. This mixed method study focused on the relationship between student engagement, as measured by the Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE) (2005), and intercultural competence, as assessed by the…

  10. Determinants of Willingness to Pay for an Urban Green Area: A Contingent Valuation Survey of College Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Bonaventura Forleo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to identify factors affecting young people’s willingness to pay (WTP for the conservation of an urban green area. A questionnaire survey, based on the Contingent Valuation method, was administered to a sample of students enrolled at the University of Molise (Italy. We examine the determinants of WTP for use and non-use values, visitors’ profiles, socioeconomic characteristics and environmental attitudes. We detect factors affecting WTP decisions through logistic regression analysis. Variables affecting the WTP differ from the environmental values and according to the visiting experience; socio-economic characteristics do not appear particularly significant; the main cause for zero bids is related to the perception of the green area as a public good. Our results highlight a growing tendency, in young generations, towards a more sustainable awareness, which we believe should be carefully nurtured through adequate policy instruments, so to enhance the quality of urban life.

  11. Community College Student Engagement Patterns: A Typology Revealed through Exploratory Cluster Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saenz, Victor B.; Hatch, Deryl; Bukoski, Beth E.; Kim, Suyun; Lee, Kye-hyoung; Valdez, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    This study employs survey data from the Center for Community College Student Engagement to examine the similarities and differences that exist across student-level domains in terms of student engagement in community colleges. In total, the sample used in the analysis pools data from 663 community colleges and includes more than 320,000 students.…

  12. Family and College Environmental Exposures Mediate the Relationship between Parental Education and Depression among College Students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Zhai

    Full Text Available Depression is a major health concern for college students due to its substantial morbidity and mortality. Although low parental education has been identified as a factor in depression in college students, the mechanisms through which parental educational achievement affects students' depression are not well understood. We tested whether adverse family and college environments mediate the relationship between parental educational level and depression among Chinese college students.A total of 5180 respondents were selected using a cross-sectional survey. We examined the association of parental education, adverse family and college environments with depression in college students using the Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Checklist, Beck Depression Inventory and socio-demographic questionnaires.Lower parental educational level is significantly correlated with depression in college students in our sample. Additionally, low family economic status, paternal or maternal unemployment, long periods spent apart from family, family conflicts, having been scolded and beaten by parents, poor or dissatisfying test performance, conflict with friends, heavy course load and failure in selection processes are also associated with parental education. Low family economic status, paternal or maternal unemployment, long periods spent apart from family, family conflicts, poor or dissatisfying test performance, conflict with friends and heavy course load mediated the relationship between parental education and depression in college students.Adverse family and college environments could explain the influence of parental educational level on depression in college students.

  13. A Four Year Follow-Up of Non-Returning Students at Montgomery College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Robert L.; And Others

    An annual survey of non-returning Montgomery College students from the years 1971 to 1973 was conducted in order to examine reasons for choosing to leave the college, identify trends, determine the status of students at the time of the survey, and assess the impact of their college experience on current activities. The 454 usable responses (20…

  14. Research on Contemporary College Students' Leadership Education and Training Situation--Survey and Analysis of College Students in Hangzhou%当代大学生领导力教育与培养现状研究--对杭州某高教园区大学生的调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯珂; 褚晶晶

    2014-01-01

    大学生领导力教育既是高等教育的重要使命,也是大学生个体发展的现实需求。通过问卷从大学生对领导力培养的认识、大学生对领导力的自我认识与评估及大学生领导力教育与培养环境因素三方面进行问卷调查分析后,提出了高校应加强对大学生进行领导力教育必要性的认识、系统开设领导学方面的基础课程、有效开展课外领导实践活动的对策与建议。%College students' leadership education is an important mission of higher education, is also the development of the practical needs of individual students. From college students' understanding of the leadership development of college stu-dents' self-awareness and leadership assessment and leadership training college education and environmental factors analyz-ed three surveys conducted through questionnaires, proposed countermeasures and suggestions on university should strengthen leadership education for college students, the system on the basis of the creation of leadership course, effective carry out leadership practices extracurricular activities.

  15. 大学男生吸烟与性行为现状调查%Survey on the smoking and sexual behaviors among male college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨璐瑛; 徐炜; 邵继红; 陆召军; 卓朗; 高修银; 顾玉洪

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查在校大学男生的吸烟与性行为现状,为制定适宜的健康教育干预措施提供依据.方法 采用整群随机抽样方法,对徐州市4所高校797例男生进行自填式问卷调查,SPSS 18.0软件对数据进行统计分析.结果 大学男生吸烟率28.36%;承认已发生过性行为的占22.58%,其中吸烟者占56.67%;在发生性行为前后经常吸烟者占13.33%.吸烟者中有49.56%的大学男生试图通过吸烟来控制性欲;未意识到吸烟影响性功能者占46.55%.结论 学校和社会有关部门应加强大学生控烟力度,特别是要及时有效地开展吸烟影响性功能的宣传教育.%Objective To survey the current situation of college boys smoking and sexual behavior in order to establish appropriate intervene measures. Methods A cluster random sampling was conducted in four universities Xuzhou with a self-administered questionnaire, and the data were compared by SPSS 18. 0. Results The smoking rate was 28. 36% , the rate of students who had sexual intercourse was 22. 58% , of whom 56. 67% were smokers and 13. 33% were smoking during sexual activity. There were 49. 56% of college boys trying to control the sexual desire by smoking. The rate of students who did not know the smoke affects sexual function was 46. 55% . Conclusion Tobacco control should be strengthened for college students, especially the education about adverse impact of smoking on sexual founction.

  16. Follow-Up Survey of Students Who Received a Degree or Certificate from Napa Valley College in the 1984-85 Academic Year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedlander, Jack

    A survey was conducted of Napa Valley College (NVC) graduates who completed a degree or certificate program in the 1984-85 academic year. Surveys were sent to 320 graduates to determine what percentage achieved their educational goal by the time they left NVC; graduates' satisfaction with their NVC experience; the extent to which they took…

  17. Use and Perception of Electronic Cigarettes among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trumbo, Craig W.; Harper, Raquel

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study provides insight into how electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may affect the social normative environment for tobacco use among college students. Participants: Participants were 244 freshman and sophomore students. Methods: Students completed an online self-report survey in April 2011. Results: There is a higher acceptance…

  18. Use and Perception of Electronic Cigarettes among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trumbo, Craig W.; Harper, Raquel

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study provides insight into how electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may affect the social normative environment for tobacco use among college students. Participants: Participants were 244 freshman and sophomore students. Methods: Students completed an online self-report survey in April 2011. Results: There is a higher acceptance…

  19. Objective and Subjective Knowledge and HIV Testing among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Su-I

    2004-01-01

    Little research has been conducted on the knowledge domain specifically related to HIV testing among college students. Students (age 18-24) were recruited from a major university in the southeastern United States to participate in a Web-based survey during spring 2003 (N=440). About 21% of the students reported previous voluntary HIV tests.…

  20. College Students' Exposure to Tobacco Marketing in Nightclubs and Bars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridner, S. Lee; Myers, John A.; Hahn, Ellen J.; Ciszewski, Tiffany N.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To examine whether a college student's exposure to tobacco marketing in nightclubs and bars was affected by the presence of a smoke-free law. Participants: A random sample (N = 478) of students participated in the survey (no smoke-free law, n = 240; smoke-free law, n = 238). The analysis was limited to students who reported being in…

  1. Motivational Orientation and Burnout among Undergraduate College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisarik, Christopher T.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the relationships among motivational orientations based on self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000b) and burnout among undergraduate college students. A sample of 191 university students was administered the "Academic Motivation Scale" (Vallerand et al., 1992) and the "Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey" (Schaufeli,…

  2. College Students' Exposure to Tobacco Marketing in Nightclubs and Bars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridner, S. Lee; Myers, John A.; Hahn, Ellen J.; Ciszewski, Tiffany N.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To examine whether a college student's exposure to tobacco marketing in nightclubs and bars was affected by the presence of a smoke-free law. Participants: A random sample (N = 478) of students participated in the survey (no smoke-free law, n = 240; smoke-free law, n = 238). The analysis was limited to students who reported being in…

  3. College students' knowledge about fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brems, Christiane; Johnson, Mark E; Metzger, Jesse S; Dewane, Sarah L

    2014-01-01

    Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) are the leading known preventable birth defects in North America. Knowledge surveys about FASD have been conducted with various health and allied healthcare providers and have proven useful in identifying gaps in knowledge and differences among provider groups to support prevention efforts. To date, no research has been conducted exploring FASD knowledge among college students. This study explored FASD knowledge in a sample of college students, a group at particularly high risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancies. Findings are compared to professionals in several healthcare and affiliated professional groups who were previously surveyed with the same FASD-related items. Surveys from 1,035 college students at a northwestern university were analyzed. Included with the ACHA-National College Health Assessment II were questions regarding FASD. College students' knowledge was compared with that of professionals in key healthcare and affiliated positions to define their relative awareness of FASD risk. Overall, findings revealed adequate FASD knowledge among college students. Although minor differences emerged when comparing students and professionals' responses, most respondent groups answered with an 85% accuracy rate or higher. College students demonstrated adequate knowledgeable about FASD. Future research must explore whether such knowledge translates into lower risk behavior and consequent reduction in alcohol-exposed pregnancies.

  4. College Student Entrepreneurs: Motivations and Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seymour, Nicole

    It is difficult to assess the exact number of college student entrepreneurs, but various statistics show that entrepreneurship, is alive and well on college campuses. In some cases, college work is only an afterthought for collegiate entrepreneurs. One large motivator is the desire to make money. Many college student entrepreneurs do not expect to…

  5. College Student Cyberbullying: Self-Esteem, Depression, Loneliness, and Attachment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varghese, Mary E.; Pistole, M. Carole

    2017-01-01

    In an online survey (N = 338) at a large midwestern university, frequency counts indicated that 51 (15.1%) undergraduate students were cyberbully victims during college, and 27 (8.0%) were cyberbully offenders during college. In simultaneous regressions, maternal attachment anxiety explained unique variance in cybervictimization and…

  6. Student Attitudes toward Affirmative Action in College Admissions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arredondo, Marisol; Sax, Linda J.

    1999-01-01

    A national survey of 277,850 college freshmen examined attitudes toward affirmative action in college admissions for four racial/ethnic groups: Whites, African-Americans, Asian-Americans, and Mexican-Americans. The study analyzed the extent to which student opposition to affirmative action is driven by factors such as self-interest, political…

  7. A Glance of College Students Tourism Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍艾琳

    2015-01-01

    This paper points out the situation of the development of college student tourism market at current stage.To help the readers better understand about operation and mechanism of the college student tourism market and industry.

  8. Problem and Pathological Gambling among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stinchfield, Randy; Hanson, William E.; Olson, Douglas H.

    2006-01-01

    This chapter examines problem and pathological gambling among college students and reports on prevalence rate, risk and protective factors, prevention and intervention, and recommendations for college student personnel and other university administrators.

  9. Student Support towards War in College Students from Different Religiously Affiliated Colleges in the Midwest of the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burks, Douglas J.

    2010-01-01

    This study reports on a study of student attitudes towards war. To study the impact that the type of university attended has on a student's level of support for war and attitudes towards war a 15-question survey on moral disengagement in support of military actions based on one developed by McAlister was given to college students attending Quaker,…

  10. Effects of Immigration on Selected Health Risk Behaviors of Black College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenya, Sonjia; Brodsky, Mitchell; Divale, William; Allegrante, John P.; Fullilove, Robert E.

    2003-01-01

    The authors administered the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to 1,219 college students who were attending a historically Black college located in New York City. They assessed the US-born Black students and Black students who emigrated to the United States for differences in risky sexual behaviors, risky dietary behaviors, and physical…

  11. College Students' Use of Social Media for Health in the USA and Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Sanghee; Kim, Soojung

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: This exploratory study aims to understand college students' use and perception of social media for health information by comparing college students in the USA and Korea. Method. This study surveyed 342 college students from two state-level universities in the USA and Korea (one from each country) using a convenience sample. Analysis:…

  12. 艺术院校大学生性心理健康状况调查%The sex psychology health status survey among art college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻轲

    2015-01-01

    Objectives:To understand the mental health status of art college students,in order to provide basis for psychological health education in particular for reform and implementing of health education.Methods:481 college students were randomly selected and tested by Puberty Psycho Sexual Health Scale.The data were ana-lyzed by SPSS 17.0.Results:The art college students and non -art college students had significant differences in the sexual attitude.Non -art students were more positive and healthy in sexual value.Male and female students in art college had a very significant difference in sex attitude.Female students were more positive and active than male students.Conclusion:Health mentality of non -art college students is better than that of art college students.The psychological health of female students in art college is better than male students.%目的:了解艺术学院大学生性心理健康的现状,为心理健康教育特别是性健康教育的教学实施和改革提供依据。方法:随机抽取481名大学生,用青春期心理健康量表进行测试,SPSS17.0进行数据统计分析。结果:(1)艺术学院大学生和非艺术学院大学生在性观念和性态度上有显著性差异,非艺术类大学生在性价值观的表现上更积极和健康;(2)艺术学院大学生中男生和女生在性态度上有非常明显的差异性,女生比男生在对待性的问题的态度上更加正面和积极。结论:非艺术学院大学生的性心理健康状况优于艺术学院大学生,艺术学院的女生性心理健康状况好于男生。

  13. The First Year of College: Understanding Student Persistence in Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayden, Marina Calvet

    This research study aimed to expand our understanding of the factors that influence student persistence in engineering. The unique experiences of engineering students were examined as they transitioned into and navigated their first year of college at a public research university in California. Most students provided similar responses with respect to the way they experienced the transition to college and social life. There was, however, wide student response variation regarding their experience of academic life and academic policies, as well as in their level of pre-college academic preparation and financial circumstances. One key finding was that students' experiences during the first year of college varied widely based on the extent to which they had acquired organizational and learning skills prior to college. The study used a mixed methods approach. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected through an online survey and one-on-one interviews conducted with freshman students near the end of their first year of college. The theoretical foundations of this study included Astin's Theory of Student Involvement and Tinto's Theory of Student Departure. The design of the study was guided by these theories which emphasize the critical importance of student involvement with the academic and social aspects of college during the first year of college.

  14. Successful Community College Transfer Students Speak Out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Martha M.

    2013-01-01

    The community college as the entranceway into the baccalaureate degree is becoming a prevalent choice for students. This study was a qualitative approach to understanding attitudes, behaviors, and knowledge acquisition by successful community college transfer students. University students who transferred from a community college and were making…

  15. Successful Community College Transfer Students Speak Out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Martha M.

    2013-01-01

    The community college as the entranceway into the baccalaureate degree is becoming a prevalent choice for students. This study was a qualitative approach to understanding attitudes, behaviors, and knowledge acquisition by successful community college transfer students. University students who transferred from a community college and were making…

  16. LGBT Students in the College Composition Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furrow, Hannah

    2012-01-01

    This study explored the concerns of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students in college writing classrooms. The researcher interviewed 37 college students and 11 faculty members from a variety of different types of colleges and universities. LGBT students stated concerns about their overall campus experiences, safety, and identity.…

  17. LGBT Students in the College Composition Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furrow, Hannah

    2012-01-01

    This study explored the concerns of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students in college writing classrooms. The researcher interviewed 37 college students and 11 faculty members from a variety of different types of colleges and universities. LGBT students stated concerns about their overall campus experiences, safety, and identity.…

  18. Personality Preferences of College Student-Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiter, Michael D.; Liput, Taylor; Nirmal, Rashmeen

    2007-01-01

    College student-athletes face many unique role strains during their academic and athletic career, which may impact the way in which they understand themselves. This study was designed to explore whether college student-athletes have a different perceived personality preference than their non-athlete counterpart. Ninety-one college students took…

  19. Predicting folic acid intake among college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Susan H; Hines, Annette; Krowchuk, Heidi

    2015-01-01

    Annually in the United States, approximately 3,000 babies are born with neural tube defects (NTDs). Folic acid supplementation can reduce NTDs by 50% to 70%. Despite recommendations for folic acid intake, only 30% of women ages 18 to 24 report folic acid supplementation and 6% have knowledge of when to take folic acid. There is little information regarding lifestyle factors that correlate with consuming folic acid. The purpose was to describe folic acid consumption among college students; and explore the relationship between folic acid intake and the variables of: age, gender, year in college, alcohol and tobacco use, and vitamin supplement intake. This was a descriptive study with secondary analysis of data from 1,921 college-aged student participants in North Carolina who took part in a pretest/posttest-designed intervention to increase folic acid consumption and knowledge. Surveys included demographic, lifestyle, folic acid knowledge, and consumption questions adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention questionnaire. Quantitative analyses included descriptive statistics and logistic regression. Of the 1,921 college students, 83.3% reported taking a vitamin supplement, but only 47.6% stated that the vitamin contained folic acid. A relationship was found between age, year in school, gender, and vitamin intake. Lifestyle variables were not significant predictors of folic acid consumption. Identification of variables associated with folic acid intake, marketing, and education can be focused to increase supplementation levels, and ultimately reduce the number of NTDs.

  20. Biculturalism among Indigenous College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Colton D.

    2011-01-01

    "Indigenous" college students in both Canada and the United States have the lowest rates of obtaining postsecondary degrees, and their postsecondary dropout rates are higher than for any other minority (Freeman & Fox, 2005; Mendelson, 2004; Reddy, 1993). There has been very little research done to uncover possible reasons for such…

  1. Native American College Student Persistence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosholder, Richard; Goslin, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    Native American students are the most likely racial/ethnic group tracked in post-secondary American education to be affected by poverty and limited access to educational opportunities. In addition, they are the most likely to be required to take remedial course work and are the least likely to graduate from college. A review of the literature was…

  2. Marital Dissatisfaction Among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruver, Gene Gary; Labadie, Susan K.

    1975-01-01

    Married college students (N=312) living in a university housing complex anonymously returned two completed questionnaires. Most respondents felt their marriages were relatively happy, but more than 10 percent were considering divorce. Husbands and wives agreed that sex and communication, as well as time, were the greatest problems in their…

  3. College Students and Their Cats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Lawrence; Alexander, Ralph

    2010-01-01

    Twenty-two Siamese and 32 mixed breed cats' personalities were rated by their respective college student owners and compared. Further, the owners' self rated personality traits were correlated with the pets'; significant Siamese and Mixed differences and correlations were obtained. These are the first data to examine breed of cat on a personality…

  4. College Students and Their Cats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Lawrence; Alexander, Ralph

    2010-01-01

    Twenty-two Siamese and 32 mixed breed cats' personalities were rated by their respective college student owners and compared. Further, the owners' self rated personality traits were correlated with the pets'; significant Siamese and Mixed differences and correlations were obtained. These are the first data to examine breed of cat on a personality…

  5. Anabolic Androgenic Steroids: Use and Perceived Use in Nonathlete College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berning, Joseph M.; Adams, Kent J.; Debeliso, Mark; Stamford, Bryant A.; Newman, Ian M.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The authors investigated the use and perceived use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) among nonathlete college students. Participants: The authors surveyed a sample of 485 nonathlete college students at a major metropolitan university. Methods: They administered a survey on use and perceived use of AAS to the students. Results:…

  6. Negative Emotions Survey of College Students Who had Left-behind Experience%留守经历大学生负性情感现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田玉霞

    2014-01-01

    This study selected experiences in childhood have left behind students as research subjects, on the basis of em-pirical research on college students from staying experience negative emotions and those left behind gender, and other factors of the relationship between the professional school, the length of time left behind the effects of different stages of the stay ex-perience college students staying negative emotional experiences staying differences and stay experience negative emotions am-ong college students between college students and non-college students staying negative emotional impact on their learning and interpersonal aspects of the four aspects, the system of rear college students experience negative emotional aspects.%本研究选取在童年期有留守经历的大学生作为研究对象,在实证研究的基础上,从留守经历大学生的负性情感与留守者的性别、所学专业等因素之间的关系、留守时间的长短、不同留守阶段对留守经历大学生的负性情感的影响、留守经历大学生与非留守大学生之间负性情感之间的差别和留守经历大学生的负性情感对其学习及人际关系方面的影响四个方面入手,系统研究留守经历大学生负性情感方面的现状。

  7. Projectile motion in physics: A survey assessment of retained understandings and how traditional and nontraditional adult college students believe they learned them

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keefer, Robert Kenneth

    A survey was completed of technological college students comprised of traditional and non-traditional adult students (median age 21, mean age 24) who have completed, one to three years previously, a course in algebra-trigonometry based physics. The survey response rate was 74%. Information was obtained about their current understandings regarding the attributes of projectile motion, their self-assessment of their current understanding of projectile motion, and their evaluation of the instructional components that were most influential in their acquiring an understanding of projectile motion. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) Adults who demonstrated a high level of understanding of the attributes of projectile motion immediately following instruction will demonstrate a high level of understanding a year or more after instruction; (2) Adults who demonstrate a high level of understanding of projectile motion a year or more after instruction will rate themselves high on self-confidence about their understanding of the attributes of projectile motion; (3) Adults who demonstrated a high level of understanding of the attributes of projectile motion a year or more after instruction will rate laboratory activities as very important or extremely important to their acquiring an understanding of the attributes of projectile motion. Three hypotheses were confirmed at a p = <0.05. A regression of the current understandings onto the prior understandings regarding the attributes of projectile motion indicated a strong causality (F = 13.246, p < 0.000, n = 91, df = 1). Students' self-assessment of their current knowledge about projectile motion indicated an accurate evaluation of what they actually know (t = 10.408, df = 90, p < 0.000). Students indicated that the most important instructional component influencing their learning was the author's laboratory activity. As their self-assessment was strongly indicative of their current understanding, additional credibility can be placed

  8. 某高校学生的膳食及营养状况调查%Survey on the Dietary Intake and Nutritional status in College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊祥玲; 张明; 张春宏; 杨雪; 黄海斌; 熊苑淇

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解高校学生的膳食及营养状况,寻找主要存在的营养问题,以便制定干预措施.方法 采用随机整群抽样的方法,抽取某高技20~23岁的165名学生;利用调查表对其膳食情况进行为期5 d的记录.结果 该人群异常体质的人占33.3%,且以体质偏轻为主.男、女大学生体质状况偏轻者分别占12.5%、33.1%.男、女大学生能量摄入均不足,分别达到RNI的66.8%和89.6%.男生膳食摄入蛋白质、脂肪略低于参考摄入量,碳水化合物摄入合理.女生脂肪、碳水化合物略低于参考撮入量,但蛋白质略高于RNI标准.结论 大学生营养状况较差,膳食结构不合理.在高校开展有针对性的膳食营养健康教育十分必要.建议大学生适当调整膳食结构、提高营养水平、增强自身身体素质.%OBJECTIVE To understand dietary nutrition status of college students, seek major problem of nutrition and make intervening measure. METHODS A total of 165 college Btudents were selected by the method of random cluster sampling. A constructed questionnaire investigation was conducted among them and a five-day dietary survey was carried out. RESULTS Abnormal body was 33.3% in the crowd of people. The results showed that both male and female students physique condition were underweight. Male students who were underweight accounted for 12.5% and female accounted for 33.1%. Energy absorption was inadequate, and the RNI of males and females were 66.8% and 89.6%, respectively. The intake of protein and fat in males were significantly lower than the reference, and intake of carbohydrate was adequate. The intake of protein and fat in females were significantly lower than the reference group, and the protein intake was significantly higher than RNI. CONCLUSION The nutritional status of college students was poor and the dietary pattern was unreasonable. It is necessary to carry out dietary nutrition and health education. Students were

  9. Bullying victimization among college students: Negative consequences for alcohol use

    OpenAIRE

    Rospenda, Kathleen M.; Richman, Judith A.; Wolff, Jennifer M.; Burke, Larisa A.

    2013-01-01

    This study reports on the prevalence of bullying victimization at school and work among college freshmen, and the relationships between victimization and changes in alcohol consumption and alcohol problems. Web survey data at two points in time from a sample of 2118 freshmen from eight colleges and universities in the Midwestern United States indicated that 43% of students experienced bullying at school, and 33% of students experienced bullying at work. Bullying, particularly at school, consi...

  10. Survey and analysis of the career planning of college nursing students%高校护生职业生涯规划调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟绍玉; 岳琳; 肖小华

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解高护生职业生涯规划的现状及职业决策困难程度,为更好地开展高护生职业生涯教育提供理论依据.方法 采用《高护生职业生涯规划问卷》和《大学生职业决策困难问卷》量表对300名护理专科生进行随机分层调查.结果 不同年级、不同性别的高护生个人职业生涯规划评分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),职业决策困难评分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 高护生职业规划能力较差,职业决策存在一定困难,大学二年级和男护生更明显.高护生职业生涯规划教育应体现年级及性别的特点,应重点加强男护生职业规划教育.%Objective To investigate the status quo of career planning and the difficulty of career - related decision - making among college nursing students, and offer theoretical underpinnings for career education of college nursing students. Methods Two questionnaires, namely, career planning of college nursing students and the difficulties of career - related decision - making of college students, were employed to investigate a stratified random sampling of 300 nursing students. Results There were significant differences in careering planning of college nursing students with different grades and genders (P<0.05). But no difference was found in difficulties of career - related decision-making. Conclusion Generally, college nursing students are poor at career planning and career - related decision- making, which is obviously reflected in sophomores and male nursing students- Career planning education of college nursing students should be differentiated between grades and genders, and more efforts should be paid to career planning education of male nursing students.

  11. College Student Access: How Articulation Agreements Support Rural Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaeger, Audrey J.; Dunstan, Stephany Brett; Dixon, Karrie Gibson

    2015-01-01

    Students from rural areas face additional burdens, such as affordability, academic preparation, and lack of college-going resources that make seeking, enrolling, and attending college more difficult. Community colleges offer hope to achieve a college degree for many rural students, and well-developed articulation agreements can be one way of…

  12. College Students' Adjustment: The Role of Parent-College Student Expectation Discrepancies and Communication Reciprocity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agliata, Allison Kanter; Renk, Kimberly

    2008-01-01

    Parents' influence on college students' adjustment is underestimated frequently. As college students often set goals based on their perceptions of their parents' expectations, discrepancies between college students' and their parents' expectations may be related to their adjustment. The purpose of this study was to examine parent-college student…

  13. Professor Perceptions of College Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vance, Teresa Ann; Weyandt, Lisa

    2008-01-01

    Objective: From April to June 2005, the authors investigated professor perceptions of college students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants: 253 participants completed the ADHD Beliefs Survey-Revised, a 40-question survey measuring professor perceptions of ADHD. Methods: Analysis of variance measured false and…

  14. Reaching a Representative Sample of College Students: A Comparative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giovenco, Daniel P.; Gundersen, Daniel A.; Delnevo, Cristine D.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To explore the feasibility of a random-digit dial (RDD) cellular phone survey in order to reach a national and representative sample of college students. Methods: Demographic distributions from the 2011 National Young Adult Health Survey (NYAHS) were benchmarked against enrollment numbers from the Integrated Postsecondary Education…

  15. Electronic cigarette use by college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutfin, Erin L; McCoy, Thomas P; Morrell, Holly E R; Hoeppner, Bettina B; Wolfson, Mark

    2013-08-01

    Electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, are battery operated devices that deliver nicotine via inhaled vapor. There is considerable controversy about the disease risk and toxicity of e-cigarettes and empirical evidence on short- and long-term health effects is minimal. Limited data on e-cigarette use and correlates exist, and to our knowledge, no prevalence rates among U.S. college students have been reported. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of e-cigarette use and identify correlates of use among a large, multi-institution, random sample of college students. 4444 students from 8 colleges in North Carolina completed a Web-based survey in fall 2009. Ever use of e-cigarettes was reported by 4.9% of students, with 1.5% reporting past month use. Correlates of ever use included male gender, Hispanic or "Other race" (compared to non-Hispanic Whites), Greek affiliation, conventional cigarette smoking and e-cigarette harm perceptions. Although e-cigarette use was more common among conventional cigarette smokers, 12% of ever e-cigarette users had never smoked a conventional cigarette. Among current cigarette smokers, e-cigarette use was negatively associated with lack of knowledge about e-cigarette harm, but was not associated with intentions to quit. Although e-cigarette use was more common among conventional cigarette smokers, it was not exclusive to them. E-cigarette use was not associated with intentions to quit smoking among a sub-sample of conventional cigarette smokers. Unlike older, more established cigarette smokers, e-cigarette use by college students does not appear to be motivated by the desire to quit cigarette smoking. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. A Survey of Attitudes on the Use of Calculators in the College Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukowski, Joseph E.

    This study focused on faculty and student attitudes toward the use of calculators in college accounting and business mathematics courses. Two different surveys were used; one was administered to thirty-five full-time and part-time faculty in the accounting and business mathematics areas at one college, while a second survey was administered to a…

  17. Follow-Up Survey of Students Who Received a Degree or Certificate from Napa Valley College in the 1983-1984 Academic Year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedlander, Jack

    In winter 1983, a survey of Napa Valley College (NVC) graduates was conducted to determine the percentage of 1983-84 graduates who achieved their goal by the time they left NVC; graduate satisfaction with instructional quality and with the overall quality of NVC; graduate satisfaction with employment or transfer preparation; employment patterns;…

  18. College Course Grades for Dual Enrollment Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff

    2014-01-01

    This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…

  19. The Impact of Lottery Incentives on Student Survey Response Rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Stephen R.; Whitcomb, Michael E.

    2003-01-01

    A controlled experiment tested the effects of lottery incentives using a prospective college applicant Web survey, with emails sent to more than 9,000 high school students. Found minimal effect of postpaid incentives for increasing levels of incentive. (EV)

  20. Survey on aspiration and expectations of high school students

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, José-Raimundo; Magnac, Thierry

    2016-01-01

    In this document, we review the main characteristics of the survey undertaken in Ceara in 2014 among students of public and private high schools and regarding their characteristics and behavior relative to the choice of college and undergraduate degrees.

  1. Media Images: Do They Influence College Students' Body Image?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Gina Jarman

    2009-01-01

    Body image perception and body mass index (BMI) among college students exposed and not exposed to photographs of models were compared. Classes were assigned to receive a presentation with or without photographs of models incorporated. Students (n = 184) completed a survey about body/weight satisfaction, height, weight, and the Contour Drawing…

  2. Race and Sex Differences in College Student Physical Activity Correlates

    Science.gov (United States)

    McArthur, Laura H.; Raedeke, Thomas D.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To assess sex/race differences on psychosocial correlates of physical activity among college students. Methods: Survey research protocol. Results: Students (n = 636) exercised an average of 3.5 days per week, with black females being the least active. Across subgroups, health/fitness was rated as the most important motive for exercise,…

  3. Internet Addiction and Delay Discounting in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saville, Bryan K.; Gisbert, Amanda; Kopp, Jason; Telesco, Carolyn

    2010-01-01

    To examine the relation between Internet addiction and delay discounting, we gave 276 college students a survey designed to measure Internet addiction and a paper-based delay-discounting task. In our larger sample, we identified 14 students who met the criteria for Internet addiction; we also identified 14 matched controls who were similar to the…

  4. Media Images: Do They Influence College Students' Body Image?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Gina Jarman

    2009-01-01

    Body image perception and body mass index (BMI) among college students exposed and not exposed to photographs of models were compared. Classes were assigned to receive a presentation with or without photographs of models incorporated. Students (n = 184) completed a survey about body/weight satisfaction, height, weight, and the Contour Drawing…

  5. Internet Addiction and Delay Discounting in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saville, Bryan K.; Gisbert, Amanda; Kopp, Jason; Telesco, Carolyn

    2010-01-01

    To examine the relation between Internet addiction and delay discounting, we gave 276 college students a survey designed to measure Internet addiction and a paper-based delay-discounting task. In our larger sample, we identified 14 students who met the criteria for Internet addiction; we also identified 14 matched controls who were similar to the…

  6. Sexual Behaviors and Attitudes of Community College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartnett, Barbara M.; Zettle, Thomas E.

    For seven consecutive semesters, questionnaires were administered to the students enrolled in Illinois Central College's human sexuality course to determine their sexual experience, practices, and orientation. The surveys also sought to assess the students' attitudes toward homosexuality, pornography, masturbation, extramarital relations,…

  7. Use of Nonvitamin, Nonmineral Dietary Supplements among College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newberry, Heather; Beerman, Kathy; Duncan, Sam; McGuire, Michelle; Hillers, Virginia

    2001-01-01

    Assessed college students' use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) dietary supplements. Student surveys indicated that nearly half of the respondents took NVNM supplements, most frequently echinacea, ginseng, and St. John's wort. Over 80 percent had acceptable body mass index values. Users and nonusers of NVNM supplements did not differ significantly…

  8. College Student Binge Eating: Insecure Attachment and Emotion Regulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Suejung; Pistole, M. Carole

    2014-01-01

    Because college students who have accomplished developmental tasks less effectively may be at risk for detrimental behavior such as binge eating, we examined emotion regulation as a mediator of attachment insecurity and binge eating. Based on undergraduate and graduate student responses to a Web-based survey ("N" = 381), structural…

  9. Parents' Perspectives on Parental Notification of College Students' Alcohol Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosden, Merith; Hughes, Jennifer B.

    2012-01-01

    Although many colleges and universities use "parental notification" to inform parents of students' alcohol use, the impact of this intervention on student and parent behavior is unclear. Surveys were obtained from 326 parents of university undergraduates, 56 of whom had received a notification. Parent responses to the notification were…

  10. College Student Binge Eating: Insecure Attachment and Emotion Regulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Suejung; Pistole, M. Carole

    2014-01-01

    Because college students who have accomplished developmental tasks less effectively may be at risk for detrimental behavior such as binge eating, we examined emotion regulation as a mediator of attachment insecurity and binge eating. Based on undergraduate and graduate student responses to a Web-based survey ("N" = 381), structural…

  11. The Influence of Celebrity Exemplars on College Students' Smoking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Woohyun

    2016-01-01

    Objective: This study examined the effect of celebrity smoking exemplars in health news on college students' perceptions of smoking-related health risks and smoking intentions. Participants and Methods: The data were collected using a Web-based survey of 219 undergraduate students at a large midwestern university in March 2011. Separate analyses…

  12. College Students' Perceptions of the Traditional Lecture Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Covill, Amy E.

    2011-01-01

    Fifty-one college students responded to survey questions regarding their perceptions of the traditional lecture method of instruction that they received in a 200-level psychology course. At a time when many professors are being encouraged to use active learning methods instead of lectures, it is important to consider the students' perspective. Do…

  13. College Student Theater Fans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOUCHAO; CHENZHUO

    2004-01-01

    CHINA has a long tradition of amateur performers called piaoyou or "ticket friends." Piaoyou perform highlights from favorite operas on stage to a rapt audience, but in contrast to conventional opera performances, both performers and viewers are vibrant folk opera aficionados. Piaoyou are generally middle-aged and senior citizens, but today young enthusiasts are to be found in China's universities. Wuhan University has such a group of students.

  14. Study on Motivation of Chinese College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许楚娟

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the motivation of Chinese college students. Questionnaires and other means of statistics are adopted to analyze college students’motivation and their motivating degree. The author also lists out some advices for the college English teachers to improve their teaching method and protect the students ’learning motivation.

  15. Community College Students and Federal Student Financial Aid: A Primer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juszkiewicz, Jolanta

    2014-01-01

    The federal government plays an indispensable role in helping community college students pay for their education. It is hard to imagine today's community college campuses without needs-based federal student aid, such as the Pell Grant program and subsidized loans. There are, however, significant differences between community college students and…

  16. The Meaning of Flexibility in Teaching: Views from College Students and Exemplary College Instructors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Julia H.; Schallert, Diane L.; Svinicki, Marilla D.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the meaning of flexibility in teaching at the postsecondary level and its connection to teaching effectiveness. A total of 500 college students and 15 instructors participated. Data were gathered using an online survey with open-ended questions for the students and one-on-one interviews with instructors. Analysis followed a…

  17. A DESCRIPTION OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN--I. STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT CHOICES OF MAJOR FIELD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ABE, CLIFFORD; HOLLAND, JOHN L.

    COLLEGE FRESHMEN PLANNING TO MAJOR IN DIFFERENT FIELDS OF STUDY ARE DESCRIBED. THE SAMPLE STUDIED INCLUDED 12,432 COLLEGE FRESHMEN ENROLLED IN 31 INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION DURING APRIL AND MAY 1964. THE AMERICAN COLLEGE SURVEY WAS USED TO ASSESS STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS. INCLUDED IN THIS SURVEY IS THE VOCATIONAL PREFERENCE INVENTORY,…

  18. Prevalence and characteristics of compulsive buying in college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvanko, Arit; Lust, Katherine; Odlaug, Brian L; Schreiber, Liana R N; Derbyshire, Katherine; Christenson, Gary; Grant, Jon E

    2013-12-30

    Compulsive buying (CB) is a potentially devastating problem involving repetitive urges to shop and uncontrolled spending behaviors. Prevalence of CB in the general population has been estimated at 5.8%. This epidemiological study aims to better understand the prevalence and characteristics of college students who meet criteria for CB. During the spring of 2011, an online survey examining CB (using a clinically validated screening instrument, the Minnesota Impulse Disorders Interview), stress and mood states, psychiatric comorbidity, and psychosocial functioning was emailed to 2108 University students. Overall survey response rate was 35.1% (n=2108). Our data indicated that 3.6% (n=67) of college students surveyed met criteria for CB with significantly more women affected (4.4%, n=48) than men (2.5%, n=19). Relative to students not meeting criteria for CB, college students who met criteria for CB endorsed significantly greater psychiatric comorbidity, lower grade point averages, increased stress, and poorer physical health. Presence of CB is likely associated with a variety of problems in college students. These data may warrant increased screening of CB in college students to establish early interventions. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Religion, altruism, knowledge and attitudes toward organ donation: a survey among a sample of Israeli college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalaila, Rabia

    2013-03-01

    Previous studies have shown that religiosity level, religion, altruism, knowledge, attitudes toward organ donation and registration status are related to future organ donation. The current study examines this association in a multicultural society such as Israel, which had not been studied so far. A convenience sample of 563 students was included in this cross-sectional study. Data about the study measures were collected by a structured and valid questionnaire. Results showed that willingness to donate was positively related to altruism level, positive attitudes toward organ donation and donor registration. However, level of knowledge had no impact on willingness. Finally, while Christian students were more willing to donate organs than students of other religions, religiosity was negatively associated with willingness to donate organs. These results suggest that positive attitudes, a signed organ donor card and a high level of altruism may ultimately translate into an act of donation in the future. Religion and religiosity level are still barriers to future organ donations in a multicultural society such as Israel.

  20. The Role of Positive Alcohol Expectancies in Underage Binge Drinking among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBride, Nicole M.; Barrett, Blake; Moore, Kathleen A.; Schonfeld, Lawrence

    2014-01-01

    Objective: This study explored associations between positive alcohol expectancies, and demographics, as well as academic status and binge drinking among underage college students. Participants: A sample of 1,553 underage college students at 3 public universities and 1 college in the Southeast who completed the Core Alcohol and Drug Survey in the…

  1. Supporting Black Male Community College Success: Determinants of Faculty-Student Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, J. Luke; Ireland, S. Mei-Yen

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine determinants of Black male students' engagement with faculty in the community college. Data from this study were derived from the 2011 three-year cohort of the Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE). Using data from 11,384 Black male respondents within 260 community colleges, this study…

  2. The Role of Positive Alcohol Expectancies in Underage Binge Drinking among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBride, Nicole M.; Barrett, Blake; Moore, Kathleen A.; Schonfeld, Lawrence

    2014-01-01

    Objective: This study explored associations between positive alcohol expectancies, and demographics, as well as academic status and binge drinking among underage college students. Participants: A sample of 1,553 underage college students at 3 public universities and 1 college in the Southeast who completed the Core Alcohol and Drug Survey in the…

  3. A Study of the Perception of Health Risks among College Students in China

    OpenAIRE

    Chenggang Zhang; Jingbo Fan

    2013-01-01

    The present survey was designed to investigate the perception of health risks among college students in China. The data are the responses of a sample of 3,069 college students at one university to surveys that include measures of several dimensions of public judgments about fifteen specific hazards. Chinese college students conveyed their concerns as falling into three broad categories: Environmental (e.g., global warming, natural catastrophes, the ozone hole, air pollution, chemical pollutio...

  4. College students'overall foreign language anxiety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bi Ran

    2015-01-01

    In this article, the current situation of college students' overall FLA is offered. Meanwhile, the reason is discussed and the implication is given to enhance the efficiency of college English teaching and learning.

  5. Survey of health literacy level and related influencing factors in military college students in Chongqing, China: A cross-sectional analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rong, Honghui; Cheng, Xin; Garcia, Jose M; Zhang, Ling; Lu, Lu; Fang, Jian; Le, Mingshan; Hu, Peng; Dong, Xinlu; Yang, Junli; Wang, Ya; Luo, Ting; Liu, Jun; Chen, Ji-An

    2017-01-01

    Health literacy (HL) has become an important public health issue and is receiving growing attention. However, the HL levels of military college students in China have never been analyzed. This study aimed to investigate the HL and related associate factors in military college students in Chongqing, China. Data was obtained with the "Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (2012 edition)" from 3183 military college students aged 16-28 years at Chongqing in December 2015. A total score of ≥80 points determined adequate HL, and HL level was defined as the proportion of students who had adequate HL out of the total number of participants. Multiple logistic regression analysis with a stepwise forward likelihood ratio (LR) method was used to determine the effects of sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and family-related factors on HL level. The mean score of HL was 68.56, and the HL level of military college students was 21.05%; the overall knowledge rate was 71.33%. The independent factors that were associated with HL level were years in college, educational system, time playing online games, annual household income and father's education level. Senior (odds ratio [OR] = 1.229, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.018∼1.484), undergraduate (OR = 1.509, 95% CI 1.151∼1.978), time played games more than 5 hours each week (OR = 0.638, 95% CI 0.486∼0.837), annual household incomes more than 50,000 yuan (OR = 1.231, 95% CI 1.027∼1.476) and father's education level (high school: OR = 2.327, 95% CI 1.186∼4.565; university: OR = 2.450, 95% CI 1.244∼4.825), were independently associated with higher HL level. HL levels of military college students in Chongqing need to be improved across the board. Our data suggests that special emphasis should be placed on students in junior and those in the specialist educational system. School departments may also benefit from incorporating health literacy into their curricula and helping students manage the

  6. Survey of health literacy level and related influencing factors in military college students in Chongqing, China: A cross-sectional analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rong, Honghui; Cheng, Xin; Garcia, Jose M.; Zhang, Ling; Lu, Lu; Fang, Jian; Le, Mingshan; Hu, Peng; Dong, Xinlu; Yang, Junli; Wang, Ya; Luo, Ting; Liu, Jun

    2017-01-01

    Health literacy (HL) has become an important public health issue and is receiving growing attention. However, the HL levels of military college students in China have never been analyzed. This study aimed to investigate the HL and related associate factors in military college students in Chongqing, China. Data was obtained with the “Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (2012 edition)” from 3183 military college students aged 16–28 years at Chongqing in December 2015. A total score of ≥80 points determined adequate HL, and HL level was defined as the proportion of students who had adequate HL out of the total number of participants. Multiple logistic regression analysis with a stepwise forward likelihood ratio (LR) method was used to determine the effects of sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and family-related factors on HL level. The mean score of HL was 68.56, and the HL level of military college students was 21.05%; the overall knowledge rate was 71.33%. The independent factors that were associated with HL level were years in college, educational system, time playing online games, annual household income and father's education level. Senior (odds ratio [OR] = 1.229, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.018∼1.484), undergraduate (OR = 1.509, 95% CI 1.151∼1.978), time played games more than 5 hours each week (OR = 0.638, 95% CI 0.486∼0.837), annual household incomes more than 50,000 yuan (OR = 1.231, 95% CI 1.027∼1.476) and father's education level (high school: OR = 2.327, 95% CI 1.186∼4.565; university: OR = 2.450, 95% CI 1.244∼4.825), were independently associated with higher HL level. HL levels of military college students in Chongqing need to be improved across the board. Our data suggests that special emphasis should be placed on students in junior and those in the specialist educational system. School departments may also benefit from incorporating health literacy into their curricula and helping students

  7. Student drinking at U.S. college sports events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Toben F; Lenk, Kathleen M; Xuan, Ziming; Wechsler, Henry

    2010-10-01

    Alcohol consumption control policies at U.S. intercollegiate sports events, and their association with student drinking, were assessed using data from a 2001 nationally representative survey of students and administrators (n = 7,261 students, N = 117 colleges). Alcohol was available to sports event attendees through in-stadium sales, tailgating parties, and allowing spectators to bring in alcohol. Policies varied by college, with fewer restrictions at large public schools with NCAA Division I athletics. Permitting alcohol at tailgate parties was associated with more students drinking at sports events. Future research should evaluate whether enacting policy restrictions can reduce drinking and related problems at intercollegiate sports events.

  8. A survey on AIDS discrimination among medical college students%医学院校学生艾滋病歧视现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘家虹; 姜红英; 陈红; 廖清华; 付俊; 卢飞豹; 刘伟新; 李悦

    2009-01-01

    Objective To understand the related knowledge, discrimination attitudes toward HIV/ AIDS among medical college students, and to provide scientific evidence for further HIV/AIDS anti-discrimination intervention. Methods By means of stratified cluster sannpling to classes, 2844 undergraduate students were randomly selected from medical colleges. A self-deaigned and serf-administered questionnaire survey was conducted, and SPSS 13.0 software was used for data analysis. Results 2501 valid questionnaires had been collected. The overall HIV/AIDS knowledge convera.ge rate of the respondents was 73.1% (1828/2501) ; The HIV/AIDS discrimination rates in different questions were varying, the discrimination rate of infected with AIDS by bad sex and sharing needles was 83.1% (2078/2501) and 77.7% (1943/2501)respectively,the discrimination rates in term of contacting with HIV patients and their daily necessities, sharing desks, personal social were all exceeding 40% . Conclusion The medical students held serious discrimination attitudes to HIV infected persons and panients; it is necessary to strengthen anti-discrimination education about HIV/AIDS among medical students.%目的 了解医学院校学生对艾滋病相关知识、歧视态度情况,为进一步开展艾滋病反歧视干预工作提供科学依据.方法 以班级为单位采用分层整群抽样法,从某医学院本科生中抽取2844名,采用自行设计的问卷以学生自填方式进行调查,采用SPSS 13.0软件进行统计分析.结果 共收集有效问卷2501份.调查对象艾滋病相关知识知晓率为73.1%(1828/2501);对HIV感染者和AIDS患者不同问题的歧视率不同,对不良性行为、共用针具感染艾滋病的歧视态度高达83.1%(2078/2501)、77.7%(1943/2501),对于身体接触、接触其生活用品、共用课桌、个人社交的歧视率均在40%以上.结论 医学院校学生对HIV感染者/AIDS患者歧视严重,亟须加强医学院校学生艾滋病反歧视教育.

  9. State Patty's Day: College Student Drinking and Local Crime Increased on a Student-Constructed Holiday

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefkowitz, Eva S.; Patrick, Megan E.; Morgan, Nicole R.; Bezemer, Denille H.; Vasilenko, Sara A.

    2012-01-01

    College student alcohol consumption is a major concern, and is known to increase during the celebration of special events. This study examined a student-constructed holiday, State Patty's Day, at a university with a dominant drinking culture using three sources of data--coded data from Facebook groups, daily web surveys from first-year students (N…

  10. Non-Response in Student Surveys: The Role of Demographics, Engagement and Personality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Stephen R.; Whitcomb, Michael E.

    2005-01-01

    What causes a student to participate in a survey? This paper looks at participation across multiple surveys to understand survey non-response; by using multiple surveys we minimize the impact of survey salience. Students at a selective liberal arts college were administered four different surveys throughout the 2002-2003 academic year, and we use…

  11. Higher Education and Students with Orthopedic Disabilities: A Survey Instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Delar K.

    A survey instrument is presented that was used in a national survey of 160 colleges and universities to explore facilities and services to students with orthopedic disabilities. The survey contains 33 items that focus on the following areas: structural accessibility, academic accessibility, dorm-living, and recreational opportunities. The total…

  12. SUSTAINING OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATION FOR CAREER CHOICE AND DEVELOPMENT IN STUDENTS OF TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

    OpenAIRE

    Moses Ikebe Odo

    2015-01-01

    This study takes on the issue of sustaining occupational information for career choice and development in students of technical colleges in Enugu State, Nigeria. The method adopted for this study was the survey design and the population included were all final year students of the three government technical colleges in Enugu State of Nigeria. The technical colleges were sampled as follows: Government Technical College, Enugu (156 students); Government Technical College, Nsukka (148 students);...

  13. College Students' Motivations for Using Podcasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Mun-Young; Kim, Hyang-Sook

    2015-01-01

    Despite potential benefits of podcasts for college education, little research has examined students' psychological drives for using podcasts. To explore the relationship between the use of podcasts and college students' appreciation of them, this study investigated students' motivations, attitudes and behaviors with regard to podcasts use…

  14. The Community College Classroom Environment: Student Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veltri, Sandra; Banning, James H.; Davies, Timothy Gray

    2006-01-01

    This qualitative case study investigated how community college students perceived specific classroom attributes as contributing to or hindering their learning. The study addressed three questions: What has been the role of students in classroom design within the community college campus? How do students assess the classroom's physical design…

  15. A Survey Report of Career Interests of Normal College Students%高师大学生职业兴趣现状调查--以陇东学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎晓娜; 安广秦; 何兴艳

    2013-01-01

    为了解高师大学生职业兴趣的现状,采用陈社育于1997年依据霍兰德的职业兴趣量表修订的基于中国国情的职业兴趣问卷,运用问卷调查法和数据统计法,对110名在校大学生实施调查。结果显示,高师大学生职业兴趣在性别、生源地、学科方面差异非常显著,在年级方面差异不显著。由此可以得出结论:大学生职业兴趣呈现多元化发展。%To understand the present conditions of vocational interests of normal college students ,the research adopts the career interests questionnaire based on the situation of China as a survey tool , which was developed by Chen Sheyu on the theory of Holland in 1997 .By the survey method and statistical analysis ,the study investigates 100 col-lege students in Longdong University .The result shows that:The career interests of normal college students have a clear difference in the aspects of gender ,origin of students ,and discipline ,except the grade .So the conclusion could been drawn that the career interest of college students has been developed diversely .

  16. The Perception of Safety between Drinkers and Non-Drinkers among U.S. College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, Gayle; Florkowski, David; Anderson, Peter; Dunn, Micheal

    2014-01-01

    Increasing episodes of campus violence have warranted an investigation into college students' perception of safety on campus. In this study, 56,811 students responded to the Core Alcohol and Drug Survey during the 2010 academic school year. Numerous universities administered the survey and students completed the survey either in class or…

  17. COLLEGE STUDENTS' STARTING THEIR OWN UNDERTAKINGS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Nowadays there are many college students who choose to start their own undertakings instead of finding a job after graduation.The government encourages this practice,and provides many preferential policies and facilitation measures for college students.This phenomenon has aroused great concern from the whole society. However,why do so many college students take the way of starting their own

  18. College campus smoking policies and programs and students' smoking behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cohen Lee

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although tobacco use in the United States has declined over the past 20 years, cigarette use among college students remains high. Additional research is thus needed to determine how university tobacco control policies and preventive education programs affect college students' smoking behaviors. Methods Approximately 13,000 undergraduate students at 12 universities or colleges in the state of Texas completed a web-based survey. College smoking policies were obtained from a survey of college administrators and from college websites. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the effects of individual smoking policies and programs on the odds of cigarette smoking. Results Of the individual programs, only having a preventive education program on campus was associated with lower odds of smoking. The existence of smoking cessation programs and designated smoking areas were associated with higher odds of smoking. Policies governing the sale and distribution of cigarettes were insignificantly associated with smoking. Conclusion Rather than focusing on policies restricting cigarette sales and use, college administrators should consider implementing or expanding tobacco prevention and education programs to further reduce student smoking rates.

  19. 芜湖市大学生减肥现状调查分析%Survey on the weight loss status in college students in Wuhu city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁岭; 李涛; 丁虹; 丁书姝

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解芜湖市大学生减肥的一般情况,通过调查分析减肥对大学生身心健康的影响,为指导大学生科学减肥提供依据。方法:采取分层整群抽样方法调查6所高校在校大学生共1231名(其中有效问卷1167份),采用自填问卷的方式进行调查,内容包括一般情况、减肥情况及心理健康状况。结果:1167名调查对象中,81人(6.9%)体质量指数超重或肥胖,但减肥的人数高达392人(33.6%),减肥人群中具有焦虑特征的人数为62人(15.8%),与不减肥组相比差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);具有抑郁特征的人数为163人(41.6%),与不减肥组相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:该市部分大学生存在盲目减肥的现象,因此,提倡正确的减肥方式,提高大学生身心健康具有重要意义。%Objective:To investigate the weight loss status in local college students from Wuhu city and the impact of this incline on their physical and mental health for health education evidence for this group of population .Methods:By stratified cluster sampling ,we conducted a survey on 1 231 students from six local higher institutions with self-administered questionnaire that included general data,weight loss status and self-rated mental health condition. Results:Of the final 1 167 respondents,392(33.6%) were losing weight,yet 81(6.9%)reported still being overweight or obese by BMI.Sixty-two sub-jects (15.8%) were found to be in anxiety state,and 163(41.6%) in depressed mood.The former group showed no statistical difference(P>0.05), whereas the latter group had(P<0.05),as compared with the subjects without weight loss arrangement.Conclusion:Unreasoning follow with weight loss remains popular in some of the local college students.Therefore,this group of population shall be educated with right conception towards body image in or-der to improve their physical and mental health .

  20. Promoting Vocational Exploration and Decision Making among High School and College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    1978-01-01

    This review surveys vocational exploration and decision making among high school and college students. Findings indicate educational institutions need to evaluate their collective ability to help students in vocational exploration and decision making. (MFD)

  1. 山东某医学院480名高年级男生手淫现况调查%Masturbation survey among 480 male college students medical college of shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高洪彩; 甘宁; 孔德众; 张妍; 孔令斌; 张雪文

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解医学院大学生手淫的相关因素及手淫对生理健康的影响.方法 采用整群抽样的方法,对某医学院高年级在校男生500人进行自填式问卷调查.结果 63.5%(305例)的调查对象有手淫行为,其中5.2%的手淫者健康受危害.多因素logistic回归分析提示,独生子(OR=2.447,OR95%CI:1.591~3.858)、支持非婚性行为(OR=2.057,OR95%CI:1.233~3.432)、看黄色书刊或者视频(OR=3.688,OR95%CI:1.230~11.063)、经常性幻想(OR=2.406,OR95%CI:1.523~3.800)、经常为性苦恼者(OR=1.817,OR95%CI:1.163~2.838)手淫习惯率明显高于对应人群;认为手淫有害者(OR=0.217,OR95%CI:0.121~0.387)手淫习惯率明显低于对应人群.结论 医学院高年级男大学生的手淫行为已经影响到生理健康,对大学生进行性健康教育,预防过度手淫对健康的伤害非常必要.%Objective To explore the related factors of masturbation and the impact on the physical health among male seniors from medical college. Methods Questionnaire surveys were conducted among a total of 500 male senior medical students chosen by cluster sampling at a certain medical college. Results A total of 480 valid questionnaires were collected. 305 participants (63.5%) had masturbation behavior. And 5.2% of them had their physical health impacted. Factors associated with masturbation were only child (OR=2.447, OR95%CI:1.591-3.858), supporting the premarital sex (OR=2.057, OR95%CI: 1.233-3.432), reading pornographic books and watching pornographic video (OR=3.688, OR95%CI: 1.230-11.063), sexual fantasy (OR=2.406, OR95%CI:1.523-3.800), being distressed for sex (OR=1.817, OR95%CI:1.163-2.838), and considering masturbation harmful (OR=0.217, OR95%CI:0.121-0.387). Conclusion Masturbation behavior has affected physical health of male seniors at medical college. Sexual health education be strengthened among male medical college students' in order to prevent excessive masturbation from the

  2. STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT VOCATIONAL CHOICES. A DESCRIPTION OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN, II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ABE, CLIFFORD; HOLLAND, JOHN L.

    THE AMERICAN COLLEGE SURVEY WAS USED TO ASSESS 12,432 COLLEGE FRESHMEN FROM 31 INSTITUTIONS ON 43 SCALES. FOR EACH VOCATION SELECTED BY 10 OR MORE STUDENTS, THE MEAN AND STANDARD DEVIATION WERE COMPUTED FOR 117 STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS. THE VOCATIONS WERE CATEGORIZED INTO 13 AREAS, AND SUMMARIES OF STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN EACH AREA WERE…

  3. Students' Evaluation of the First Year Experience at Bowie State College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Wanda E.; And Others

    An instrument was designed to survey students' impressions of Bowie State College (Maryland), with attention to administration, counseling and academic support services, and course loads. The research population consisted of students participating in the Special Services project at the college. Questionnaires were returned by six students, five…

  4. High-Risk Drinking and Academic Performance among College Student Veterans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossbard, Joel R.; Widome, Rachel; Lust, Katherine; Simpson, Tracy L.; Lostutter, Ty W.; Saxon, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    Heavy drinking and psychiatric symptoms pose challenges to college student Veterans and may undermine academic success. We used Boynton College Student Health Survey data to assess highrisk drinking (HRD), psychiatric symptoms, and psychosocial stressors among student Veterans (N = 1,679) with and without prior deployment. Rates of HRD and…

  5. Using the Health Belief Model to Predict Bystander Behavior among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blavos, Alexis A.; Glassman, Tavis; Sheu, Jiunn-Jye; Diehr, Aaron; Deakins, Bethany

    2014-01-01

    This investigation used the Health Belief Model (HBM) to examine perceived barriers and benefits college students hold concerning medical amnesty. Researchers employed a cross-sectional research design with 369 students completing the survey (97% response rate). A path analysis revealed that college students are more likely to seek help during an…

  6. Greek College Students and Psychopathology: New Insights

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Background: College students’ mental health problems include depression, anxiety, panic disorders, phobias and obsessive compulsive thoughts. Aims: To investigate Greek college students’ psychopathology. Methods: During the initial evaluation, 638 college students were assessed through the following psychometric questionnaires: (a) Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ); (b) The Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90); (c) The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); (d) State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...

  7. The College Student's Freedom of Expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbs, Annette

    1974-01-01

    Discussion of means to ensure freedom of expression by college students. Areas of expression noted are student newspapers, lectures by off-campus speakers, freedom to assemble peaceably and freedom to associate. (EK)

  8. Food Safety Tips for College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Standard Forms FSIS United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service About FSIS District Offices Careers ... Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Food Safety Tips for College Students When students pack up ...

  9. Understanding Why Students Participate in Multiple Surveys: Who are the Hard-Core Responders?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Stephen R.; Whitcomb, Michael E.

    2004-01-01

    What causes a student to participate in a survey? This paper looks at survey response across multiple surveys to understand who the hard-core survey responders and non-responders are. Students at a selective liberal arts college were administered four different surveys throughout the 2002-2003 academic year, and we use the number of surveys…

  10. College Student Debt and Anticipated Repayment Difficulty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Jonathan J.; Bartholomae, Suzanne; Letkiewicz, Jodi C.; Montalto, Catherine P.

    This study analyzes factors associated with anticipated difficulty with repayment of debt accumulated during college using a basic model of credit risk that includes socialization processes influencing college student financial decisions. The empirical analysis uses data from the 2010 Ohio Student Financial Wellness Study. Results provide evidence…

  11. Community Colleges: Preparing Students for Diverse Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guthrie, Lou A.

    2016-01-01

    Postgraduation outcomes for community college students are complex. In addition to traditional job placement and earnings information, transferring to a 4-year institution is a positive first-destination outcome. Furthermore, community college students may have education and career goals that do not include earning a degree. Community college…

  12. Group Psychodrama for Korean College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Soo Eun; Kim, Soo Jin

    2017-01-01

    Psychodrama was first introduced in the Korean literature in 1972, but its generalization to college students did not occur until the 1990s. Despite findings from psychodrama studies with Korean college students supporting psychodrama as effective for developing and maintaining good interpersonal relationships, as well as decreasing anxiety and…

  13. The Superstitions of Today's College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saenko, Iu. V.

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author presents a study of superstitious notions and their role in the lives and activities of college students. The study was based on assumptions. On the whole, superstitions are widely prevalent among college students, but the superstitions that occur the most frequently are connected with final exams. The main motive for…

  14. Success in Algebra among Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes, Czarina

    2010-01-01

    College algebra is a required course for most majors, but is viewed by many as a gatekeeper course for degree completion by students. With almost half a million students taking college algebra each year, faculty are experimenting with new course lengths of time that might result in higher success, completion, and retention rates for college…

  15. Marketing Student Services in a Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culp, Marguerite McGann

    This paper applies business marketing principles to college student services, introduces a model for measuring the life cycle of a service, outlines strategic planning procedures, and describes the implementation of a comprehensive student service marketing program at Seminole Community College in Florida. An overview of marketing defines…

  16. College Students' Attitudes toward Their ADHD Peers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chew, Brandi L.; Jensen, Scott A.; Rosen, Lee A.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The attitudes of college students with and without ADHD toward peers with ADHD were examined. Method: A total of 196 college students (30 diagnosed with ADHD) anonymously completed four attitude measures. General analyses of attitudes toward peers with ADHD as well as comparisons between those with and without ADHD are made. Results:…

  17. Community College Survey of Student Engagement in the USA and Its Enlightenments%美国社区学院学生参与度调查方法与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴智泉; 罗映霞; 赵楠

    2015-01-01

    美国"社区学院学生参与度调查"(CCSSE)以学习者为中心,以可显现的证据为基础,对于社区学院的教学质量起到了独特的评价和诊断作用.社区学院学生参与度调查的评价指标包括五项,即主动合作学习、生师互动、学业挑战、学生努力、支持学生,涵盖38个具体调查问题.现有的研究已经验证,学生参与度与学业成就之间具有相关性,CCSSE测量学生参与度,对监督教学过程、保证学生取得学业成就具有明显效果.对提高高职院校的课程教学质量具有启示作用.%The "Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE)", with learners as the center, based on the evidence which can be seen, has played a unique role for community college in teaching quality evaluation and diagnosis. CCSSE includes five benchmarks, namely active and collaborative learning, student-faculty interaction, academic challenge, student effort, support for learners, and 38 survey items. There is the correlation between student engagement and academic achievement which is validated by the existing studies. The relevant practices and studies have shown that it has high validity and reliability in monitoring teaching process and improving the student academic achievement. It has enlightenments for the development of teaching quality of higher vocational colleges about in China.

  18. The Influence of Body Mass Index, Sex, and Race on College Students' Optimistic Bias for Lifestyle Healthfulness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chock, T. Makana

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To examine the influence of body mass index (BMI), sex, and race on college students' optimistic bias (OB) concerning the healthiness of their own lifestyles relative to the "average college student" and best friends. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Large university campus. Participants: College students recruited…

  19. 大学生宗教经验触发因素的现状调查%A Survey on Triggers of Religious Experiences in College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋兴川; 刘怀英

    2016-01-01

    采用自编的大学生宗教经验触发因素问卷,对620名大学生宗教经验触发因素进行调查。研究发现:宗教经验触发因素对大学生的总体影响作用接近一般水平;大学生宗教经验触发各因素均值存在显著差异;宗教经验触发因素各个维度上的均值由大到小依次为审美与创造、群体仪式行为、边缘处境、个体仪式行为以及音乐;最容易产生宗教经验的是审美与创造以及群体仪式行为,而个体仪式行为以及音乐的触发作用相对最弱;性别因素在宗教经验触发因素总分上不存在显著的差异,但在边缘处境、音乐上,男生均显著高于女生。%In the current study,the survey on trigger factors of religious experiences was conducted with sample of 620 college students. The results demonstrated that the general effect from trigger factors of religious experiences was close to the average level; while all of the mean of trigger factors was significant different. In addition,the order for the mean of each factor from the largest to smallest was: aesthetic for beauty and creation,communal ritual behaviors,marginal situation,individual ritual behaviors,and music. In other words,the religious experiences was highly possible generated by aesthetic for beauty and creation,relatively less possible to be generated by individual ritual behaviors and music. In term of gender,there was no significant difference on the total score of trigger factors,but female was significantly higher than male subjects on marginal situation and music.

  20. Communication with Parents and Body Satisfaction in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Emiko; Aune, R. Kelly

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study examined how communication with parents is related to college students' body satisfaction. Participants and Methods: Participants ("N" = 134; 58 males and 76 females) completed a survey in March 2011 assessing body satisfaction and perceptions of communication with mothers and fathers. Results: Daughters' body…

  1. Is Tobacco Use a Problem among Deaf College Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berman, Barbara A.; Bernaards, Coen; Eckhardt, Elizabeth A.; Kleiger, Heidi B.; Maucere, Lauren; Streja, Leanne; Wong, Glenn; Barkin, Shari; Bastani, Roshan

    2006-01-01

    College students' tobacco use poses a significant public health problem. Effective intervention requires understanding of this behavior among race/ethnic, cultural, and linguistic collegiate subgroups, including deaf and hard of hearing collegians. Findings from a first-ever tobacco-related survey among this understudied population are reported.…

  2. Potential Nutrition Messages in Magazines Read by College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hertzler, Ann A.; Grun, Ingolf

    1990-01-01

    Surveyed advertisements in magazines read by college students in nutrition class for hidden food and nutrition messages. Hidden messages for females could imply beauty through fashion products, beauty aids, and supplements but with nutrition slimming plan. Males may be receiving subtle message that food choices do not matter and that alcohol and…

  3. A Study of the Perceptions of College Students on Cyberbullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molluzzo, John C.; Lawler, James P.

    2012-01-01

    Cyberbullying is a concern for all citizens. Harassment and hostility continue to be evident on digital media in society. In this study, the authors evaluate the perceptions of college students on cyberbullying at Pace University. The findings from a research survey disclose a higher level of knowledge of the perceived prevalence of cyberbullying…

  4. Communication with Parents and Body Satisfaction in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Emiko; Aune, R. Kelly

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study examined how communication with parents is related to college students' body satisfaction. Participants and Methods: Participants ("N" = 134; 58 males and 76 females) completed a survey in March 2011 assessing body satisfaction and perceptions of communication with mothers and fathers. Results: Daughters'…

  5. College Students' Perceived Attributes of Internet Websites and Online Shopping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seock, Yoo-Kyoung; Norton, Marjorie J. T.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of attributes of clothing retailers' Internet websites in relation to previous and intended future purchase from the websites. Survey data from 414 U.S. college students, non-married and aged 18-22 with online clothing shopping experience and favorite clothing websites were used. Five clothing…

  6. Stress, Coping and Suicide Ideation in Chinese College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaoyun; Wang, Haiping; Xia, Yan; Liu, Xiaohong; Jung, Eunju

    2012-01-01

    The study was to examine 1) whether stress and coping styles could significantly predict the probability of suicide ideation; 2) and whether coping styles were mediators or moderators on the association between life stress and suicide ideation. The survey was conducted in a sample of 671 Chinese college students. Approximately twenty percent…

  7. College Students' Perceived Attributes of Internet Websites and Online Shopping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seock, Yoo-Kyoung; Norton, Marjorie J. T.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of attributes of clothing retailers' Internet websites in relation to previous and intended future purchase from the websites. Survey data from 414 U.S. college students, non-married and aged 18-22 with online clothing shopping experience and favorite clothing websites were used. Five clothing…

  8. Communication with Parents and Body Satisfaction in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Emiko; Aune, R. Kelly

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study examined how communication with parents is related to college students' body satisfaction. Participants and Methods: Participants ("N" = 134; 58 males and 76 females) completed a survey in March 2011 assessing body satisfaction and perceptions of communication with mothers and fathers. Results: Daughters' body…

  9. Instructional Strategies to Improve College Students' APA Style Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandernach, B. Jean; Zafonte, Maria; Taylor, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify areas of APA formatting that college instructors view as most problematic in student writing. Using a Likert-style survey, the greatest areas of reported concern were problems with documentation, specifically, citations, references, and quoting; of lesser concern were various style and formatting errors in…

  10. Survey on Influencing Factors of Sleep Quality in Private College Students%民办高校大学生睡眠质量的影响因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐美秀; 陈玉柱; 刘娟

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impact factors of sleep quality in private college students so as to take targeted guidance and management measures. Methods Totally 417 students of a private college were randomly selected to serve as the study objects. A questionnaire survey was conducted using Interpersonal Relationship Rating Scale, Stress Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale. And the data were processed using SPSS 13.0 statistical analysis software. Results Private college students had sleep disorders. There were statistically significant differences in total sleep time, online time and interpersonal relationship between male and female college students (P<0.01). Multivariate regression analysis showed that the pressure and sleep time of college students were the major risk factors for sleep quality (P<0.01). Conclusions Sleep quality of private college students is related to multiple factors. It is suggested to improve sleep quality through decompression and management for rest.%目的 了解民办高校大学生睡眠质量的影响因素,从而采取有针对性的指导和管理. 方法 以某民办高校部分在校大学生为研究对象,随机抽取417人,采用人际关系评定量表、压力量表及匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表进行问卷调查.采用SPSS13.0统计分析软件进行数据处理. 结果 民办高校大学生睡眠障碍,男女大学生总睡眠时间、上网时间、人际关系比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);多元回归分析显示,压力和入睡时间是影响大学生睡眠质量的主要危险因素(P<0.01). 结论民办高校大学生睡眠质量与多因素有关,建议通过减压和作息管理提高大学生睡眠质量.

  11. Underreporting Discrimination among Arab American and Muslim American Community College Students: Using Focus Groups to Unravel the Ambiguities within the Survey Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shammas, Diane

    2017-01-01

    Using a mixed methods approach, the researcher gathered a set of narrative responses from focus groups that supported the claim of underreporting campus discrimination on a survey. Multiple studies have shown that underrepresented minority students are likely to bond with same-ethnic peers in a racially tense campus climate. This mixed method is a…

  12. Underreporting Discrimination among Arab American and Muslim American Community College Students: Using Focus Groups to Unravel the Ambiguities within the Survey Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shammas, Diane

    2017-01-01

    Using a mixed methods approach, the researcher gathered a set of narrative responses from focus groups that supported the claim of underreporting campus discrimination on a survey. Multiple studies have shown that underrepresented minority students are likely to bond with same-ethnic peers in a racially tense campus climate. This mixed method is a…

  13. 新媒体环境下大学生媒介素养现状调查研究%A survey of college students' medium literacy in the situation of new media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王刚

    2015-01-01

    采用问卷调研法对安徽某院校大学生媒介素养进行调查,结果表明大学生媒介的使用存在偏差,媒介知识缺乏系统性和科学性,媒介判断和反思意识薄弱,媒介创作能力层次较低,缺乏必要的媒介道德自律能力。通过利用已有课程、整合教学内容,开设专门课程、加强能力培养,建设数字资源、注重自我提升等途径可以提高大学生媒介素养。%Questionnaires are administered to do a survey of the medium literacy of college students in a university of Anhui. The results show that college students make some mistakes when using media, are poorly equipped with systematic and scientific media knowledge, have weak consciousness in media judgment and reflection, poor in medium creation ability, and lack necessary self-discipline competence in medium morality. It is proposed that the current courses be used, the teaching content be optimized to provide special courses for promoting competence cultivation, digital resources be constructed to improve college students' medium literacy.

  14. Montgomery College Student Follow-up Study: First-Time Students, Fall 1972.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Robert L.; Armstrong, David F.

    As part of a state-wide longitudinal study of student goal attainment, Montgomery College surveyed 3,975 students in 1976 who had initially enrolled in fall of 1972. Sixty percent responded. Interviews with non-respondents showed that the academically able were more likely to respond, but that questionnaire item responses varied little. Data…

  15. A Survey and Issue Analysis of College Students Studying English Situation in Gansu%甘肃省大学生英语学习现状调查与问题分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石林平; 张东红

    2011-01-01

    对甘肃省大学生的英语学习现状进行了调查,调查涉及学习者的学习策略、对教师教学方法的评价和要求,对自身学习及学习策略的评估、以及第二课堂等方面问题。依据调查分析结果提出了十二条教学建议。%The author has made a survey about college students studying English situations. The survey involves learners' learning strategies, the evaluation and requirements on teachers'teaching methods, learners themselves, learning strategies and the second class, etc. According to the results of the analysis of the survey, the author puts out eleven suggestions on teaching.

  16. Distance and Intrastate College Student Migration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alm, James; Winters, John V.

    2009-01-01

    Most studies of student migration focus on "interstate" migration of college students, largely because the aggregate data typically used are limited in geographic specificity to states. However, interstate migration is only a small part of the total student migration. Public institutions generally get most of their students from within their…

  17. Distance and Intrastate College Student Migration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alm, James; Winters, John V.

    2009-01-01

    Most studies of student migration focus on "interstate" migration of college students, largely because the aggregate data typically used are limited in geographic specificity to states. However, interstate migration is only a small part of the total student migration. Public institutions generally get most of their students from within…

  18. 我国大学生心理落差研究综述%A Survey of College Students' Psychological Gap in our Country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建磊; 张汉超

    2014-01-01

    There is a close relationship between the psychological gap and mental health;many psychological problems are directly or indirectly linked with psychological gap. There is little research for college students' psychological gap, even fe-wer empirical aspects .It is important to study the psychological gap between college students and its influencing factors. This study based on literature review method, reviews from the respect of concept, produce ,influencing factors and intervention mechanism of university students' psychological gap. Hope to highlight the areas of concern and thinking.%心理落差与心理健康有密切关系,很多心理问题都直接或间接与心理落差有联。我国对于大学生心理落差的研究很少,实证方面的研究更少,研究大学生心理落差及其影响因素具有重要意义,本文通过文献综述法,从大学生心理落差概念、产生、影响因素及干预机制等方面对我们大学生心理落差研究进行了综述,以期引起人们对这一领域的广泛关注与思考。

  19. Survey and Analysis on Current Status of Bioethics Cognition in College Students——Questionnaire Survey on 1880 Colleges and Universities Students in Liaoning Province%当代大学生生命伦理认知现状的调查与分析——对辽宁省高校1880名大学生的问卷调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景亚蕊; 张洪江

    2012-01-01

    大学生生命伦理教育的目的是帮助大学生学会从理性、道德、伦理等多个角度认识生命的内涵、理解生命的意义,实现生命的价值,从而更好地提高自身生命质量,实现生命价值.通过问卷调查,并对结果进行分析,发现大学生生命伦理认知的状况并不乐观,主要表现在大学生的生死态度、精神状态及生命伦理教育这三个层面.对目前大学生存在的问题从伦理学角度进行深入的分析,并提出大学生生命伦理教育的可行性建议.%Bioethics education for college students is aim to help them cognize the connotation of life, understand the meaning of life, realize the value of life from the standpoint of reason, morality, ethics and so forth. The authors found that the current status of bioethical cognition was not optimistic, after the survey and the analysis. It mainly displayed in three aspects: their attitudes towards life and death, mental state and bioethical education. Besides , the authors analyzed the problems of college students from the view of ethics, proposed some feasible suggestions for the bioethical education in college students.

  20. Cyberbullying, Depression, and Problem Alcohol Use in Female College Students: A Multisite Study

    OpenAIRE

    Selkie, Ellen M.; Kota, Rajitha; Chan, Ya-Fen; Moreno, Megan

    2015-01-01

    Cyberbullying and its effects have been studied largely in middle and high school students, but less is known about cyberbullying in college students. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between involvement in cyberbullying and depression or problem alcohol use among college females. Two hundred and sixty-five female students from four colleges completed online surveys assessing involvement in cyberbullying behaviors. Participants also completed the Patient Health Questio...

  1. 大学生搜索引擎使用行为调查与评价研究%Survey and Evaluation of Search Engine Using Behaviors of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方赛丽; 徐明; 陈晞维

    2013-01-01

      随着信息时代的快速发展,搜索引擎成为人们获取信息的主要工具。大学生作为网络时代的主力军,对搜索引擎的使用有着更高的敏感度。通过问卷调查法,分析发现大学生使用搜索引擎虽然频繁,但缺乏有效的搜索技巧,同时搜索引擎自身也存在着不足之处。为此,高校应辅以专业课程培训,提高大学生的搜索技巧与信息素养;搜索引擎开发公司应以用户体验为本,针对用户需求不断改进和完善搜索功能,以期推动大学生进一步优化、科学有效地使用搜索引擎。%With the rapid development of the information age , the search engine has become a main tool for people to get informa-tion.College students as the main force of the network times , they have a higher sensitivity about search engines .Questionnaire survey shows that college students use search engines frequently , but they lack effective search techniques;and the search engine itself still exists deficiencies.Therefore, colleges and universities should be supplemented with professional training courses to improve students'search skills and information literacy.Search engine companies should be based on the user experience , and successively improve the search function according to user needs so as to promote the college students to use the search engine scientifically and effectively.

  2. 某高校学生口腔健康现状调查分析%Survey and analysis on oral health status of college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈春英

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解大学生口腔健康现状为口腔预防保健工作的开展提供依据.方法 采用分层、不等比随机抽样方法,选取某院1260名大学生进行口腔健康状况检查以及有关口腔卫生知识、行为习惯的问卷调查.结果 1260名大学生龋病、牙龈炎、口腔溃疡患病率分别为34.12%、62.22%、18.73%,男、女生间各疾病患病率差异均有统计学意义(x2=23.44,P<0.01;x2=36.81,P<0.01;x2=6.31,P<0.05),女生的口腔卫生行为优于男生.结论 大学生口腔健康状况不佳,需加强大学生口腔预防保健的宣传教育.%OBJECTIVE To investigate the status of college students' oral health, and to provide evidence for the work of oral health care. METHODS 1 260 college students from Jingchu University were selected to carry out the questionnaire about the status of oral health, the knowledge of oral health and behavior habits by using stratified random sampling and cluster random sampling method. RESULTS Among 1 260 college students, the prevalence rates of dental caries, gingivitis, mouth ulcers and prevalence were 34.12%, 62.22%, 18.73%. Disease prevalence rates between male and female were statistically significant (χ2 = 23.44, P < 0.01; χ2 = 36.81, P < 0.01;χ2 = 6.31, P < 0.05 ). Oral health behavior of female was better than male. CONCLUSION The status of college students' oral health is poor, and it is necessary to strengthen the propagation and education about the knowledge of oral health care.

  3. Analyzing Marketing Strategies Designed To Increase Minority Student Enrollment at Selected Urban Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galbraith, James D.

    A study was conducted to identify the most effective marketing techniques used by urban community colleges to recruit minority students. A 16-item, open-ended questionnaire was used in telephone interviews with marketing officials at 24 colleges. The colleges selected for the survey served an urban community of 100,000 or more residents, had a…

  4. Gadget Dependency among Medical College Students in Delhi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Gupta

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Gadget holds the great importance in everyday life. Mobile phone and internet usage have become universal practice especially among the student community. Gadgets usage has both pros and cons. Objective: To assess the magnitude of gadget utilization among medical college students in Delhi and to estimate the burden of gadget dependency. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted in three medical colleges. The participants were 957 medical students selected by systematic random sampling, interviewed using a self-administered questionnaire. Result: The sample consisted of 485 (50.7% males and 472 (49.3% females, aged 17-25 years. Gadgets of at least one variety were uniformly used by all the students, 22.4% of the students surveyed were found to be gadget dependent. Conclusion: Our study shows high prevalence of gadget dependency among medical students. There is need to create awareness regarding the problem of gadget dependency and its social and health effects.

  5. Predicting Community College Student's Intention to Transfer and Major in STEM: Does Student Engagement Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Bianca; Starobin, Soko S.; Chen, Yu; Baul, Tushi; Kollasch, Aurelia

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the influence of community college students' engagement on their intention to transfer and major in a STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) field. The STEM Student Success Literacy Survey was used to collect data among all 15 community colleges in Iowa. The authors developed a measurement model for community…

  6. Academic Dishonesty: Are Business Students Different from Other College Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer, Rajesh; Eastman, Jacqueline K.

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the authors investigated academic dishonesty and how business students stand on the issue as compared with other college students. They found in their study that nonbusiness students are more likely to cheat than are business students. In general, students who are members of Greek social organizations, undergraduates, male, and…

  7. Academic Dishonesty: Are Business Students Different from Other College Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer, Rajesh; Eastman, Jacqueline K.

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the authors investigated academic dishonesty and how business students stand on the issue as compared with other college students. They found in their study that nonbusiness students are more likely to cheat than are business students. In general, students who are members of Greek social organizations, undergraduates, male, and…

  8. Teaching Chaos to Art College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Ben

    2001-03-01

    This is a report of the author's teaching the basic concepts of chaos to students at Massachusetts College of Art. In order to bypass the students' aversion to mathematics stemming from earlier difficult experiences with mathematics, the course started with some symbolism which was totally unfamiliar to them: a Boolean system based on Brown's Laws of Form. This was then used to develop the mathematical ideas of duality and self-reference. After that was a general survey of the various areas of mathematics using Guillen's Bridges to Infinity. Chaos was then introduced using Gleick's Chaos, which provides a very engaging narrative, along with an introduction to the basic ideas. Two different strategies were used to introduce the mathematical ideas. First, making use of the students' visual orientation, sensitive dependence on initial conditions, fractional dimension, fractals, the Koch snowflake, self-similiarity, and statistical self-similiarity were covered pictorially. Second, so that the students could get a real feeling for the mathematics of chaos, they individually worked out a recurrence equation with varying seeds, using a hand-held calculator.

  9. Oral Health Behaviors and Perceptions Among College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crabtree, Rebecca; Kirk, Abigail; Moore, Moriah; Abraham, Sam

    Oral health is a simple and important part of college students' lives but might often be overlooked or undermined because of increased stress levels and unhealthy habits associated with the college setting. Despite the challenges, college days may be one of the best times to establish lifelong healthy habits, including oral health routines. The purpose of this study was to determine the current oral care behaviors and perceptions of students at a midwestern college. This study was nonexperimental in nature with a quantitative method and a cross-sectional design, which included 126 participants. The survey instrument included 2 Likert-type scales. The oral health-related quality-of-life model was used as the theoretical framework to guide the study.

  10. Sexual Self-Descriptions and Gender Stereotypes in College Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Fernández Liporace

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents partial results from a study carried out to analyze the way young college students self-describe their sexual behavior in relation with sex. Data show significant differences in certain adjectives, linked with traditional roles assigned to women and men in sexual relationships; an additional comparison with results about gender sterotypes reported by Williams & Best (1994 is made. A survey on sociodemographic data and a list of 70 adjectives that describe sexual behaviors were administered to a sample of 248 college students from Buenos Aires city and its suburban area.

  11. Bullying victimization among college students: negative consequences for alcohol use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rospenda, Kathleen M; Richman, Judith A; Wolff, Jennifer M; Burke, Larisa A

    2013-01-01

    This study reports the prevalence of bullying victimization at school and work among college freshmen and the relationships between victimization and changes in alcohol consumption and alcohol problems. Web survey data at 2 time points from a sample of 2118 freshmen from 8 colleges and universities in the Midwestern United States indicated that 43% of students experienced bullying at school and that 33% of students experienced bullying at work. Bullying, particularly at school, consistently predicted alcohol consumption and problematic drinking, after controlling for baseline drinking and other school and work stressors.

  12. Attention to Retention: Exploring and Addressing the Needs of College Students in STEM Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yonghong Jade

    2016-01-01

    Guided by well-established theories on student retention, a survey was developed and implemented to collect data about the college experience of STEM students at a four-year research university. Analysis of the survey data confirms ten constructs that captured different aspects of students' academic and social experiences. Among them, academic…

  13. Food Insecurity among Community College Students: Prevalence and Association with Grade Point Average

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maroto, Maya E.; Snelling, Anastasia; Linck, Henry

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the prevalence of food insecurity among community college students (N = 301) and the relationship between food insecurity and student grade point average (GPA). It employed a cross-sectional intercept survey, utilizing the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Household Food Security Survey Module, student self-reported GPA, and…

  14. Food Insecurity among Community College Students: Prevalence and Association with Grade Point Average

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maroto, Maya E.; Snelling, Anastasia; Linck, Henry

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the prevalence of food insecurity among community college students (N = 301) and the relationship between food insecurity and student grade point average (GPA). It employed a cross-sectional intercept survey, utilizing the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Household Food Security Survey Module, student self-reported GPA, and…

  15. Community College Student Mental Health: A Comparative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Daniel Seth; Davison, Karen

    2014-01-01

    This study explores community college student mental health by comparing the responses of California community college and traditional university students on the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II). Using MANOVA, we compared community college and traditional university students, examining…

  16. Cultural influences for college student language brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisskirch, Robert S; Kim, Su Yeong; Zamboanga, Byron L; Schwartz, Seth J; Bersamin, Melina; Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J

    2011-01-01

    Children from immigrant families often translate communication for parents, a process known as language brokering (LB). LB begins in childhood, but may continue through emerging adulthood, even when individuals are in college. We surveyed 1,222 university students with two immigrant parents and compared non-language brokers, infrequent language brokers, and frequent language brokers on a variety of ethnic, cultural, and identity measures. Significant differences emerged for cultural heritage value orientation, ethnic identity, and dimensions of acculturation with frequent language brokers scoring highest, infrequent language brokers scoring in the middle, and non-language brokers scoring the lowest on these measures. There were no significant differences on acculturative stress among these three groups. These results suggest that LB experiences may contribute to the development of psychological assets for ethnic minority, emerging adults from immigrant families.

  17. The Confluence of Race, Gender, and Class among Community College Students: Assessing Attitudes toward Affirmative Action in College Admissions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamani-Gallaher, Eboni M.

    2007-01-01

    This article examines the attitudes of baccalaureate aspiring community college students with regard to affirmative action in college admissions. Using data from UCLA's Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) Annual Freshman Year Survey, the study assessed determinants of approval or disapproval of affirmative action for 20,339 community…

  18. A Survey on Environmental Consciousness of College Student Tourists%大学生旅游者环境意识水平调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    是丽娜; 王国聘

    2012-01-01

    The promotion of environmental consciousness level can change the traditional thinking way and values of college student tourists fundamentally and regulate tourism environment behavior and practice consciously.Taking Nanjing Forestry University as the study object,this paper discusses the impact of discipline and gender factors on environmental consciousness by the quota sampling.The study indicates that college student tourists have better environmental consciousness and attitude.The desire and cognition degree on tourism environment and ecological knowledge has a great influence on the overall environmental consciousness.However,there is a disconnection between knowledge and action and environmental behavior lags behind the environmental emotion and volition.Attentions should be paid to environmental education in colleges and try to promote the environmental consciousness level of college student tourists.%环境意识水平的提升能从根本上改变大学生旅游者传统的思维方式和价值观,内在自觉地规范旅游环境行为和实践活动。以南京林业大学为研究对象,以配额抽样法探讨大学生旅游者学科专业、性别因素对环境意识的影响,研究发现大学生旅游者表现出较好的环境态度和倾向,对旅游环境和生态知识的渴求和认知程度对其整体环境意识水平有较大影响,然而也存在着知行脱节,环境行为滞后于环境情感、意志的现象。应重视高校环境教育工作,努力提升大学生旅游者的环境意识水平。

  19. Cross-sectional survey on the acceptability of suicide among rural residents, urban residents and college students from three locations in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xianyun; Phillips, Michael R.

    2011-01-01

    Background Community attitudes about suicide and their relationship to suicidal behavior have not been adequately investigated in low- and middle-income countries. Aims Compare acceptability of suicide in different population cohorts in China, identify factors that affect the degree of acceptability, and assess the relationship of cohort-specific acceptability of suicide and suicide rates. Methods A multi-stage stratified random sample of 608 rural residents, 582 urban residents and 629 college students were administered a 25-item scale in which respondents stated the likelihood they would consider suicide (on a 5-point Likert scale) if they experienced a variety of stressors ranging from ‘being disciplined at work’ to ‘developing a chronic mental illness’. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability for the scale are excellent (Cronbach’s α =0.92, ICC=0.75). Results College students had the most permissive attitudes about suicide and urban residents were significantly more accepting of suicide as a response to serious life stressors than rural residents. Multivariate analysis found that the overall acceptability score was higher in women, decreased with age, and increased with years of education. Conclusions There was no clear relationship between cohort-specific acceptance of suicide and reported rates of suicide, highlighting the complexity of the relationship between attitudes about suicide (of which acceptability is only one component) and suicidal behavior. PMID:20801748

  20. The Liberal Arts and Environmental Awareness: Exploring Endorsement of an Environmental Worldview in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rideout, Bruce E.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to explore student endorsement of an environmental worldview during the college years through a sampling of freshmen and seniors. Nine independent samples of freshman and senior class undergraduates (N = 779) were surveyed over a five year period in a small, independent liberal arts college. The survey instrument…

  1. 医学生实验动物福利认知状况调查%Survey on the cognition of laboratory animals welfare of college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李印龙; 梁亚军; 刘永春; 宋爱芹; 邵凯

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the cognition of laboratory animals welfare of college students for for spreading the knowledge of laboratory animals welfare .Methods 1187 medical students were selected as partici‐pants by stratified cluster sampling .The self‐made questionnaire was used to collect the cognition of laboratory ani ‐mals welfare of college students ,and the responding rate was 99 .83% .Results Only 24 .22% of the college students heard about the conception of laboratory animals welfare ,and 9 .79% of them knew the relevant laws of laboratory animals welfare .Students from different majors and classes had significantly different cognition of the conception of laboratory animals welfare and the agreement about reducing the numbers of animals in a single ex ‐periment (P< 0 .05) .The cognition of the details of animals experiment was also different among students from different majors and classes (P< 0 .05) .Conclusion The college students knew very little about the laboratory animals welfare ,and some special teaching courses should be strengthened for spreading the knowledge of the labo ‐ratory animals welfare .%目的:了解医学生对实验动物福利的认知情况,为医学生实验动物福利知识的教育及普及提供依据。方法自制调查表,采用分层整群抽样的方法对某医学院校的1187名在校医学生进行问卷调查,问卷有效回收率为99.83%。结果仅有24.22%的医学生知道动物福利的概念,9.79%的医学生了解国内外有关动物福利的法律。不同年级、专业的医学生对动物福利的概念认知情况及赞成减少单次活体实验动物数量方面有统计学意义(P<0.05)。不同年级、专业医学生对最重要实验内容的认知差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论大学生对于实验动物福利的认知水平较低,需要在医学教育实践过程中有针对性地加大宣教力度。

  2. ~ Factors and Enlightenment of the Influences from the Intemet on College Students' Thoughts and Behaviou--A Sampling Survey of College Students in Guangxi%互联网影响大学生思想行为的因素及其启示——基于广西高校大学生的抽样调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚杰强; 张荣军

    2012-01-01

    ased on a sample survey about the 242 college students' use of the Irtemett in Guangxi,this paper points out that the factors which influence college students' thoughts and behaviour are the web sites, the individual characterizes and the time quantity surfing on the Intemet. The more the college students visit shopping web sites, search sites and micro - hlog sites, the more likely their thoughts and behavior are influenced negatlvely;the younger they are,the lower grade they are in,the more likely their thoughts and behavior are influenced negative- ly;liberal arts students are more likely to be influenced negatively than science students;the only child in family is more likely to be influenced negatively than the students who have brothers and sisters;the more they surf on the Iutemet,tho more negative influence on them from the In- ternet. The author proposes some enlightenment in the ideological and polltical education by analysing how the Intemet influences college stu- dents' thoughts and behaviours.%在广西高校242名大学生使用互联网状况的调查资料基础上回归分析,结果表明:互联网影响大学生思想行为的因素是网站、个体特征、上网时间数量。大学生越是经常浏览购物网站、搜索网站和“微博”网站,互联网对其思想行为的负面影响就越大;大学生的年龄越小、年级越低,互联网对其思想行为的负面影响就越大;人文社科类专业的大学生比理工农医类专业的大学生更容易受到互联网的负面影响;独生子女大学生比非独生子女大学生更容易受到互联网的负面影响;大学生上网时间越长,互联网对其思想行为的负面影响就越大。分析互联网影响大学生思想行为的因素可以给予大学生思想政治教育以启发。

  3. 北京市大学生生殖健康现状及服务需求调查%The survey of the reproductive health status and demand among college students in Bejing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马震

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the present situation of college students' reproductive health knowledge and the demand, and to provide scientific basis for sexual ,and reproductive health education in college for the future. Methods 1053 students were surveyed by an anonymous self-administered questionnaire which was used among college students who were selected by random cluster sampling form 2 colleges in Beijing. Results The respondents knew least a-bout contraceptive knowledge and AIDS prevention knowledge while they knew more about the transmission of AIDS. 10. 5% students approved the premarital sexual behavior, 10. 3% students had sex experience, among of them, 30. 6% had more than one sexual partner. 70. 0% sexually active students did not use condom every time. 92. 1 % students wanted to know the reproductive health related knowledge, currently, the main knowledge channels were school health education (64.6%), newspapers and magazines (56. 2% ) and internet (45.0%). Only 21. 2% students looked for the reproductive health knowledge actively. Conclusion The students' contraceptive knowledge was poor, part of college students had a tolerant sexual attitudes and had unprotected sexual behavior, most students show a demand for reproduction heath education. It' s urgent to improve the reproduction health education in college students.%目的 了解北京市大学生生殖健康的现状及知识需求情况,为高校开展生殖健康教育提供科学依据.方法 采用随机整群抽样对北京市2所高校1053名大学生进行匿名自填式问卷调查.结果 大学生对避孕知识、艾滋病预防知识了解较少,但对艾滋病3大传播途径认知较好,10.5%的大学生赞成在校期间发生性行为,10.3%的大学生有过性行为,其中每次采用避孕措施的占30.6%.92.1%的大学生希望了解生殖健康相关知识,希望获取生殖健康相关知识的途径依次是学校的健康教育(64.6%),报刊杂志、书籍(56.2

  4. The Prevalence and Comorbidity of Specific Phobias in College Students and Their Interest in Receiving Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seim, Richard W.; Spates, C. Richard

    2010-01-01

    While the prevalence of specific phobias and social phobias is believed to be high in the general adult population, little data exists regarding the prevalence of these fears among college students. This paper describes an epidemiological study that surveyed 813 college students regarding the severity of fears experienced toward 12 objects and…

  5. Community College Students' Perceptions of Effective Communication in Online Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Donna Alice Hill

    2012-01-01

    This quantitative research project analyzed the application of instructional communication tools and techniques used by community college students to determine how they perceive communication in their online classes. Online students from a community college participated in this study by completing an electronic survey. Data analysis revealed that…

  6. Gender and Race Are Significant Determinants of Students' Food Choices on a College Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boek, Stacey; Bianco-Simeral, Stephanie; Chan, Kenny; Goto, Keiko

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To examine the roles of gender and race in students' determinants of food choices on a college campus. Methods: A total of 405 college students participated in a survey entitled "Campus Food: You Tell Us!" Chi-square and logistic regression were used to examine associations between demographics and food choice determinants. Results:…

  7. Decision-Making Self-Efficacy and Barriers in Career Decision Making among Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Rosemary R.; Hatcher, Tim

    2013-01-01

    This study explored differences between career decision-making self-efficacy (CDMSE) and career barriers of students enrolled in applied technology programs compared to those enrolled in college transfer. Participants in the ex post facto cross-sectional survey included 787 students at a community college. The following research questions were…

  8. Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing and Associated Risk Factors in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennison, Olivia; Wu, Qishan; Ickes, Melinda

    2014-01-01

    Objective: This study documents the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in a sample of college students and examines associated demographic and behavioral characteristics. Participants: College students aged 18 or older were randomly selected to participate in a health behavior survey at a southeastern university in September…

  9. Engagement of Community College Student Veterans: A Mixed-Methods Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Martha A.

    2011-01-01

    This mixed-methods study focused on the engagement of student veterans at a community college and sought to understand the factors that contribute to the involvement and success of student veterans at a California community college. Using a sequential explanatory design, the methodology involved written surveys and focus group interviews to…

  10. The Influence of Tobacco Countermarketing Ads on College Students' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy-Hoefer, Rebecca; Hyland, Andrew; Rivard, Cheryl

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To determine which antitobacco messages were perceived effective in changing college students' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about tobacco use. Participants: College students (n = 1,020) were surveyed before and after viewing 4 30-second antitobacco advertisements in 1 of 3 theme categories--social norms, health consequences, or…

  11. STEM Aspiration: The Influence of Social Capital and Chilly Climate on Female Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorstad, John; Starobin, Soko S.; Chen, Yu; Kollasch, Aurelia

    2017-01-01

    This quantitative study examined the predictive impact of a series of factors on female community college students' intention to transfer in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). The STEM Student Success Literacy survey (SSSL) was utilized to collect data from a large, diverse community college located in Florida. After the…

  12. Gender and Race Are Significant Determinants of Students' Food Choices on a College Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boek, Stacey; Bianco-Simeral, Stephanie; Chan, Kenny; Goto, Keiko

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To examine the roles of gender and race in students' determinants of food choices on a college campus. Methods: A total of 405 college students participated in a survey entitled "Campus Food: You Tell Us!" Chi-square and logistic regression were used to examine associations between demographics and food choice determinants. Results:…

  13. The Prevalence and Comorbidity of Specific Phobias in College Students and Their Interest in Receiving Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seim, Richard W.; Spates, C. Richard

    2010-01-01

    While the prevalence of specific phobias and social phobias is believed to be high in the general adult population, little data exists regarding the prevalence of these fears among college students. This paper describes an epidemiological study that surveyed 813 college students regarding the severity of fears experienced toward 12 objects and…

  14. College Students' Perceptions of Fast Food Restaurant Menu Items on Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockton, Susan; Baker, David

    2013-01-01

    Background: Examining the beliefs about fast food and health, especially the consequences of fast food intake (FFI) on health, among college students will be a crucial factor in turning the tide on current morbidity and mortality statistics. Purpose: This article examines the results of a survey among Midwestern college-aged students about their…

  15. Spiritual Assessment of Students at Conservative Wesleyan-Arminian Bible Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley, Timothy L., Sr.

    2011-01-01

    The current study proposed to determine the level of spiritual transformation in students at conservative Wesleyan-Arminian Bible colleges and the association of spiritual transformation with selected Bible college activities. A quantitative survey was designed, validated, and implemented to measure students' self-reported levels of spiritual…

  16. College Students' Perceptions of Fast Food Restaurant Menu Items on Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockton, Susan; Baker, David

    2013-01-01

    Background: Examining the beliefs about fast food and health, especially the consequences of fast food intake (FFI) on health, among college students will be a crucial factor in turning the tide on current morbidity and mortality statistics. Purpose: This article examines the results of a survey among Midwestern college-aged students about their…

  17. The Prevalence of Sleep Disorders in College Students: Impact on Academic Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaultney, Jane F.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To examine the prevalence of risk for sleep disorders among college students by gender and age, and their associations with grade point average (GPA). Participants: Participants were 1,845 college students at a large, southeastern public university. Methods: A validated sleep disorder questionnaire surveyed sleep data during the…

  18. Are Light and Ultra-Light Cigarettes Safer: Perceptions of College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zank, Gail M.; Smith, Karen H.; Stutts, Mary Ann

    2008-01-01

    The reported study investigates college students' perceptions of light compared to regular and ultra-light compared to light cigarettes, and whether perceptions vary by smoking status (nonsmoker, former smoker, social smoker, or regular smoker) and gender. A survey of 172 college students found that all four smoking status groups perceived light…

  19. Features and Predictors of Problematic Internet Use in Chinese College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, R. L.; Lu, Z.; Liu, J. J.; You, Y. M.; Pan, Z. Q.; Wei, Z.; He, Q.; Wang, Z. Z.

    2009-01-01

    This study was set to investigate the prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) among college students and the possible factors related to this disorder. About 4400 college students, ranging from freshmen to juniors, from eight different universities in Wuhan, China were surveyed. Young's Diagnostic Questionnaire for Internet Addiction (YDQ)…

  20. The Role of Community College Financial Aid Counselors in Helping Students Understand and Utilize Financial Aid

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKinney, Lyle; Roberts, Toya

    2012-01-01

    Financial aid counselors are a primary source of information that many students rely upon to understand financial aid and how to pay for college. However, little is known about financial aid counselors at America's community colleges and their interactions with the students they serve. Using original survey data, this study examined the role these…

  1. A Comparison of the Social Context for Alcohol Consumption of College Students and Convicted DWI Offenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Kenneth H.; Summons, Terry G.

    1985-01-01

    Surveyed college students (N=272) and convicted DWI offenders (N=261). The results revealed that DWI offenders tend to drink in their own home, alone, and to relieve stress; whereas college students are more likely to drink at a party, for the enjoyment of taste, and to get drunk. (JAC)

  2. Effects of Greek Affiliation on African American Students' Engagement: Differences by College Racial Composition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Lori D.; Bridges, Brian K.; Flowers, Lamont A.

    2011-01-01

    This study used a nationally representative sample of African American college students to examine the degree to which their affiliation with a Greek-letter organization contributed to engagement in effective educational practices by analyzing National Survey of Student Engagement data at historically Black colleges and universities and…

  3. Perceptions of Students at a Rural Mississippi Community College Regarding Employability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrris, Cortney R.

    2013-01-01

    Research studies show that there is a skills gap in American society today. This research study examined employability perceptions of community college students at a rural community college in Mississippi. Students were asked to complete an online survey that questioned the degree of importance placed on several employability skills, as well as…

  4. Perceptions of Students at a Rural Mississippi Community College Regarding Employability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrris, Cortney R.

    2013-01-01

    Research studies show that there is a skills gap in American society today. This research study examined employability perceptions of community college students at a rural community college in Mississippi. Students were asked to complete an online survey that questioned the degree of importance placed on several employability skills, as well as…

  5. How social media influence college students' smoking attitudes and intentions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Woohyun; Yang, JungHwan; Cho, Eunji

    2016-11-01

    Building on the influence of presumed influence (IPI) model, this study examines how smoking- related messages on social media influence college students' smoking. We surveyed 366 college students from three U.S. Midwestern universities in 2012 and examined the effects of expression and reception of smoking-related messages on smoking using path analysis. We found that the expression and reception of prosmoking messages not only directly affected smoking but also had indirect effects on smoking through (1) perceived peer expression of prosmoking messages and (2) perceived peer smoking norms. For antismoking messages, only reception had a significant indirect influence on smoking through (1) perceived peer reception of antismoking messages and (2) perceived peer smoking norms. In conclusion, social media function as an effective communication channel for generating, sharing, receiving, and commenting on smoking-related content and are thus influential on college students' smoking.

  6. A Survey on Health Literacy of Sports Majors College Students and its Improvement%体育专业大学生健康素养现状调查及提高措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧秋华; 马南京

    2014-01-01

    To understand the health literacy of sports majors’ college students, using of health literacy survey of Chinese residents, 420 sports Majors College students are conducted a survey of health literacy. The results showed that the students have the health literacy ratio is 6.90%, with basic knowledge and concepts, healthy lifestyles and behavior, three basic skills of literacy ratio is 19.29%, 1.19% and 72.38%; Category 5 health literacy problems scale are: safety and first aid literacy 67.14%, 23.09%of basic medical literacy, scientific view of health 16.43%, 9.05%quality chronic disease prevention, infectious disease prevention qualities of 5.95%. Thus, the health literacy of college students roughly the national average, did not vary due to a high level of education benefits, measures must be take to promote college students health literacy.%为了解体育专业大学生具备健康素养状况,采用中国居民健康素养调查问卷对体育专业大学生420人的健康素养进行了调查分析。结果显示,体育专业大学生具备健康素养的比例是6.90%,具备基本知识和理念、健康生活方式与行为、基本技能三方面素养的比例分别是19.29%、1.19%和72.38%;具备5类健康问题素养的比例分别是:安全与急救67.14%、基本医疗23.09%、科学健康观16.43%、慢性病预防9.05%、传染病预防5.95%。由此可见,体育专业大学生的健康素养和全国平均水平大致相当,并未因学历水平高而有所优势,必须采取措施促进体育专业大学生健康素养提高。

  7. Prediction of College Performance of Superior Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Roy J.

    1965-01-01

    Using 857 male National Merit Finalists and Commended Students, scales to predict 1st year college grades and science, writing, art, music, speech, and leadership achievement were developed by analysis of 906 pre-college questionnaire items. Two item analysis strategies were used: responses of achieving subjects (S's) and general samples of…

  8. Isaac Newton and Student College Completion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinto, Vincent

    2013-01-01

    Success in college is built upon classroom success, but success in the classroom does not in itself ensure college completion. Completion arises from success in a sequence of classes one after another over time. It does so most frequently when students are presented with coherent course pathways to degree completion, are able to gain degree credit…

  9. Substance Use in College Students with ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rooney, Mary; Chronis-Tuscano, Andrea; Yoon, Yesel

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The college years represent a developmental transition during which the initiation and escalation of heavy drinking set the stage for lifelong difficulties with alcohol and other drugs. Evidence from studies of adolescents and young adults with ADHD suggests that college students with the disorder may be uniquely vulnerable to alcohol-…

  10. Evaluating College Student Interest in Pet Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamle, Kathleen N.; Riley, Tracy A.; Carlson, Tracey

    2009-01-01

    The first year of college can be extremely stressful, especially for students residing on campus. Objective: The authors obtained information from college freshmen about their relationships with pets and investigated interest in a pet therapy program as social support for transient stressful periods. Participants: As part of a university…

  11. College students' knowledge of risk and screening recommendations for breast, cervical, and testicular cancers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daley, Christine Makosky

    2007-01-01

    There is a gap in the literature regarding the knowledge of college students about breast, cervical, and testicular cancers. I surveyed 3362 college students were surveyed about their knowledge of risk factors and screening recommendations for these 3 cancers during the 2002-2003 school year at a large public university in the Northeast. Students knew approximately 50% of the information about risk factors and screening recommendations for these 3 cancers. CONCLUSIONS. Based on these results, college students appear to have limited knowledge about breast, cervical, and testicular cancers and need education about them.

  12. College Students Opinions on Gun Violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Rhonda K; LoCurto, Jamie; Brown, Kyrah; Stowell, David; Maryman, J'Vonnah; Dean, Amber; McNair, Thoi; Ojeda, Debbie; Siwierka, Julia

    2016-06-01

    Gun violence and control issues have become serious public health problems. This study gathered the opinions from 419 college students from a Midwestern University. Participants were asked about beliefs about purchasing assault weapons, beliefs about bringing handguns to college campuses and beliefs about contributing factors that lead to gun violence. Participants completed surveys online. The findings showed that overall 54 % of respondents believed that military assault weapons should be banned and 53 % agree that teachers should be allowed to carry a registered handgun on campus. There were statistically significant differences between males and females on these issues. For instance, females believed military assault weapons and high capacity magazines should be banned more than 1.9 times (p = .004) p gun violence were decline in parenting and family values (17 %), gang involvement (14 %), bullying (13.8 %) and guns being easy to obtain (13.8 %). Limitations and implications for policy work are discussed.

  13. Coaching for College Students with ADHD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevatt, Frances

    2016-12-01

    Evidence suggests that ADHD can impair academic achievement in college students and throughout the life span. College students with ADHD are an at-risk population who might benefit from interventions. An offshoot of CBT-oriented therapy that has grown significantly and gained popularity in recent years is ADHD coaching. ADHD coaching is a psychosocial intervention that helps individuals develop skills, strategies, and behaviors to cope with the core impairments associated with ADHD. Most coaching programs are primarily based on a CBT approach and target planning, time management, goal setting, organization, and problem solving. This paper describes ADHD coaching for college students and discusses how coaching is different from standard CBT treatment. This is followed by a review of empirical studies of the effectiveness of ADHD coaching for college students. Finally, some specific considerations and procedures used in coaching are described.

  14. Mental health of dubai medical college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, Jamshid; Galal Ahmed, Mohammed; Ali Bayoumi, Fatehia; Abdul Moneenum, Abeer; Alshawa, Haya

    2012-01-01

    Considering the association between medical school dropout and psychiatric distress, we aimed to assess the prevalence of psychiatric distress among medical students at Dubai Medical College. One hundred and three medical students were chosen randomly and were assessed by the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). The mean age for the students was 18.85 year (Minimum: 17, Maximum: 22), and 90.3% were between 18 and 20 years old. The mean of GHQ score was 16.46. Of the participants, 47 (45.6%) were found to be in normal range (GHQ mean College students reported a significant level of psychiatric distress, however, it should not be underestimated, and actions should be taken to encourage Dubai Medical College students to get help from for psychiatric services for their emotional problems. The risk factors as well as the protective factors must be identified in nation-wide studies to promote mental health of medical students.

  15. Improving the Financial Aid Process for Community College Students: A Literature Review of FAFSA Simplification, Information, and Verification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, J. Cody

    2015-01-01

    Research has shown that community college and other low income students have the most need regarding the financial aid process. Community college students are less likely to complete the free application for federal student aid (FAFSA) than students at public and private four-year and for-profit institutions. Surveys have shown that the complexity…

  16. A Survey of Caffeine Use and Associated Side Effects in a College Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson-Greene, Douglas; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Surveyed 270 college students concerning their caffeine consumption. Results suggest there is identifiable group using excessive amounts of caffeine. Identified several deleterious effects possibly related to caffeine use. Approximately 75 percent of caffeine users surveyed rarely sought information on caffeine content of products or avoided…

  17. Surveys on the students satisfaction to learning in local college%对地方高校医学生专业学习满意度的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨雨; 艾萍; 马立新

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the demand of the medical college students’ learning activities oriented the direction of future education. Methods Questionnaire surveys in combination with in-depth interviews were used to investigate the psychological feelings, demands and opinions of senior students in their school professional study life in local medical college. Results The analysis of the statistic data showed that most of the interviewers of medical students were satisifed to their learning activities. Students thought their medical professional courses study mainly inlfuenced the teaching and learning effects. But the role of other auxiliary factors should not be ignored. Conclusion Student-centered education in college is the effective way to improve teaching effects.%目的:调查了解地方高校大学生对专业学习取向的需求与满意度。方法采取整群抽样、问卷调查结合深入焦点组访谈的形式,了解地方医学院校高年级学生的心理诉求和他们对学校学习生活的感受及意见。结果大部分医学生对自身所学专业及教师教学比较满意,学生认为自身因素是课程学习的主要影响因素,但其他辅助因素的作用也不容忽视。结论大学教育应以学生为中心,全面提高医学生的运用知识的把握度。

  18. The influence of health education on college students' nutrition knowledge survey analysis%健康教育对大学生营养知识影响的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳佳

    2014-01-01

    目的:评价营养健康教育对大学生营养知识、态度和行为的影响,为探讨有效的营养健康教育方法提供依据。方法:采用整群抽样的方法,抽取我院护理专业学生420人,进行营养知识、态度、行为调查后,进行针对性营养宣教,比较前后效果。结果:健康教育后大学生对营养知识知晓率明显提高。结论健康教育可提高大学生对营养与疾病、健康知识知晓率,形成正确营养态度,改变不良饮食习惯。%Objective:to evaluate the nutrition health education on college students' nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior, provide the basis for effective nutritional health education methods. Methods:cluster sampling method, extraction of nursing students of 420 people, after the nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior survey, targeted nutrition education, compared before and after effect. Results:after health education, college students' knowledge about nutrition awareness has improved significantly. Conclusion health education can improve college students aware of knowledge about nutrition and disease, health, nutrition attitudes, forming correct change bad eating habits.

  19. Employment Survey Report of Chinese College Students in 2015%2015年中国大学生就业状况调查报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015年中国大学生就业状况调查课题组

    2016-01-01

    本报告以我国(不包括港澳台地区)2015届大学毕业生为对象,采用网络调查的方法,调查分析毕业离校时我国大学毕业生就业去向、起薪、教育培养、就业满意度、创业意愿等方面,并根据统计结果,提出相应的建议。例如在认识上高度重视就业工作、做好调研监测、采取多种措施提高毕业生的就业竞争力,精准推送就业信息,加强各类促就业创业政策的宣传和落实等。%Based on the data obtained by stratification sampling the report focused on Chinese college students who graduated in 2015 with self-designed questionnaire.The article investigated and analysed the college students’ job assignment,starting salary, ideas about education and training, satisifcation with their jobs,entrepreneurial intention and so on.According to the above results, the report gave some suggestions, such as paying more attention to the college students’ employment, especially disadvantaged groups in employment and unemolyment groups, providing targeted services and propagandizing the employment and entrepreneurship policies.

  20. Alcohol and College Students: Do Parents Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffes, Errin J.

    2001-01-01

    Higher education in America has attempted to define the relationships it has with both students and parents for many years. While some argue that the philosophy of in loco parentis has seemingly disappeared, others suggest that its return is imminent on American college campuses. One example of this return is the trend among campuses towards notifying parents when students are involved in judicial matters. Recent changes in federal privacy laws have clarified the right of colleges and univers...

  1. Cyberbullying: The hidden side of college students

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Maria José D.; Francisco, Sofia Mateus; Simão, Ana Margarida Veiga; Ferreira, Paula Costa

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how university students perceive their involvement in the cyberbullying phenomenon, and its impact on their well-being. Thus, this study presents a preliminary approach of how college students’ perceived involvement in acts of cyberbullying can be measured. Firstly, Exploratory Factor Analysis (N = 349) revealed a unidimensional structure of the four scales included in the Cyberbullying Inventory for College Students. Then, Item Respons...

  2. A Survey about Sexual Cognition and Attitude among Female College Students in Hefei%合肥某高校大学女生性知识与性观念的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵敏; 王丽君; 程男平; 石雪梅; 孙玉荣; 王慧; 武松

    2013-01-01

    Objective To survey the current situation of female college students' understanding condition of sexual knowledge,and the conditions of demand for sexual health education with an aim to provide theoretical basis for the related health education conducted by colleges.Methods We conducted the whole group sampling questionnaire survey of 920 students aged 18-25 years old students.Then used the statistical software SPSS to input and analyze the raw materials.Results Female college students had incomprehensive and unsystematical knowledge of scientific sexual knowledge;their sexual concepts were influenced by both traditional thought and western culture and there existed misunderstandings;their ways to acquire sexual knowledge were limited and informal.Conclusion Colleges should conduct the related courses of sexual health education at regular intervals,which can spread the scientific sexual knowledge,set up the health sexual concept.%目的 调查某高校在校大学女生性知识认知现状、性健康教育的需求情况,为高校开展相关课程提供理论依据.方法 对某高校18~25岁大学女生920人进行整群抽样问卷调查,原始数据用SPSS统计软件进行录入与分析.结果 大学女生对科学的性知识掌握零散、不系统;性观念受传统思想和西方文化的共同影响,存在误区;获取性知识渠道狭窄、不正规.结论 高校应定期开展面向大学女生的性健康教育课程,普及科学的性知识,树立健康性观念,促进大学女生的身心健康发展.

  3. THE EFFECT OF EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION USE ON CONDOM USE: A CROSS SECTIONAL SURVEY AMONG STUDENTS OF JIMMA TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING COLLEGE, JIMMA, ETHIOPIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tesfaye Mohammed

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The effect of a combined message to adolescents of promoting condom use with emergency contraception as back-up is not known. Objective: This study was aimed to assess the effect of emergency contraception use on condom use among students of Jimma Technical and Vocational Training College. Materials and Methods: A cross- sectional study was conducted from May-June 2011 on 422 Jimma Technical and Vocational Training College students who were available in the campus compound during data collection period. Data was collected by using self administered structured questionnaire, analyzed using SPSS soft ware version 16.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA. Chi square test was calculated with 95% confidence intervals; Pvalues less than 0.05 were considered as statistically significant. Results: Out of 422 respondents, 338 (80.1% have heard about emergency contraceptives and friends were the main sources of information for 169 (50% of respondents. The correct recommended time when to take emergency contraceptive pills after unprotected sexual intercourse were known by 164 (48.6%, whereas 175 (51.8% knew the correct recommend dose and frequency. Condom was used as a preferred method by 327 (77.4% of respondents to prevent unwanted pregnancy due to its double purpose, that is preventing both pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Conclusion: The result of this study showed that there was more awareness about condom than ECPS among the respondents and majority of the respondents had positive attitude about condom instead of ECPS because of its double benefit. Whereas partners trust and increase in sexual pleasure were the main reasons to prefer ECPS to condom.

  4. To Work or Not to Work: Student Employment, Resiliency, and Institutional Engagement of Low-Income, First-Generation College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Edward F.; Bilges, Dolores C.; Shabazz, Sherrille T.; Miller, Rhoda; Morote, Elsa-Sofia

    2012-01-01

    This exploratory study examines the difference between two college persistence factors--resiliency and institutional engagement--for low-income, working, first-generation college students. Participants in the study consisted of 52 respondents to the Family History Knowledge and College Persistence Survey. Among respondents, 50 students reported…

  5. A survey of hearing loss in college students caused by portable music players%个人音乐播放器对大学生人群听力影响的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛秋红; 陈小林

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impact of portable music players on hearing loss in college students. Methods A total of 312 college students were randomly enrolled in the survey under the same criteria. The students were interviewed regarding their basic information and use of portable music players. Each student underwent a pure tone audiometry test (Siemens-SD50). Correlations between hearing threshold and sex, ear, playing time, and total time were evaluated by multiple linear regression ( SPSS 16.0). Results Among all the students, the hearing loss of the right ear was more significant than the left. In the students using portable music players, the bilateral hearing loss was higher than those without. Significant elevations of hearing threshold were observed in students who used portable music players over 3 years. Conclusions Long-term use of portable music players can lead to chronic hearing loss, or even noiseinduced hearing loss in college students.%目的 探讨个人音乐播放器对大学生人群中使用者的听力损失影响因素.方法 随机抽取312名大学生作为研究对象.通过个人自填问卷方式收集受试者基本信息和个人音乐播放器使用情况,使用听力计测定受调查者双耳听阈水平.以多重线性回归分析研究性别、耳的差异,使用个人音乐播放器的时间、年限与听力损失的相关性.结果 受试者总体右耳听力较左耳显著下降,使用个人音乐播放器者双耳均有显著听力损失,使用年限超过3年者右耳听力损失显著高于使用年限小于3年人群.结论 长期使用个人音乐播放器可导致大学生人群慢性听力损失并可能导致噪声性聋.

  6. College students' understanding of parameters in algebra

    OpenAIRE

    Postelnicu, Valentina; Postelnicu, Florin

    2015-01-01

    International audience; A study was conducted with 26 college students with the purpose of gaining insight into students' conceptual understanding of parameters in algebra. Participants contributed to a whole-class discussion, solved problems with parameters, and identified the parameters in each problem. About one third of the students had difficulty identifying parameters. Even when successful at identifying parameters, students had great difficulty solving the problems with parameters. The...

  7. Alcohol expectancy challenges for college students: a narrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labbe, Allison K; Maisto, Stephen A

    2011-06-01

    Heavy alcohol use among college students has become a substantial health concern. With national survey data indicating that 40% of college students report consuming five or more alcoholic drinks at least monthly (Johnston, O'Malley, Bachman, & Schulenberg, 2009), prevention and intervention programs are needed to address this problem. The Task Force on College Drinking, commissioned by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), designated alcohol expectancy challenges (ECs) as a recommended treatment strategy to reduce alcohol use among college students (NIAAA, 2002). This paper is a systematic critical review of the studies that have been conducted to assess for the efficacy of ECs among college students with a focus on changes in expectancies and alcohol consumption, and possible differences in efficacy for men and women. The review revealed that ECs were most efficacious when administered to male-only groups of participants; while ECs for female-only and mixed-gender groups demonstrated less consistent results. The implications of the findings of this critical review for the direction of future research are discussed.

  8. How College-Level Introductory Instruction Can Impact Student Epistemological Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Lin; Mollohan, Katherine N.

    2015-01-01

    This article describes a survey study of college students' epistemologies about biology and learning biology. Specifically, the authors examined the differences between science and nonscience majors and their changes in epistemologies over the course of a semester of instruction.

  9. How College-Level Introductory Instruction Can Impact Student Epistemological Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Lin; Mollohan, Katherine N.

    2015-01-01

    This article describes a survey study of college students' epistemologies about biology and learning biology. Specifically, the authors examined the differences between science and nonscience majors and their changes in epistemologies over the course of a semester of instruction.

  10. Fast food perceptions: a pilot study of college students in Spain and the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Rachel; Dundes, Lauren

    2008-09-01

    Comparing survey data of college students from Spain and the United States provides insight into how perceptions about fast food are culture and gender-specific. More American college males (61%) considered value (amount of food for the money) to be a priority than did other respondents (35%) and relatively few American college males (29%) cited nutritional status as important (versus 60% of other college respondents). Convenience of fast food is more important to Americans (69%) than Spaniards (48%) while more Spanish college students (49%) than Americans (18%) objected to the proliferation of fast food establishments in their own countries.

  11. 维吾尔族大学生双语态度调查研究%Uighur college Students' Bilingual Attitude Survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖丽菲娅·阿克拜尔江

    2014-01-01

    The research of Uygur college students' positive attitudes towards Uygur and Chinese,the attitude of language se-lection and transformation in different communication situations, and the purpose of the Uygur collage students to learn Chin-ese and the attitude of using Chinese has very important significance to the bilingual teaching,and has great influence on the ethnic relations and language policy.%对维吾尔族大学生对母语和汉语的民族认同态度,在不同的交往情景中语言选择和转换的态度,以及维吾尔族民考民大学生学习汉语的目的,和对使用汉语的态度的研究,对双语教学有很重要的意义,并且对民族关系、语言政策也具有很大的影响力。

  12. Changes in Sun Tanning Attitudes and Behaviors of U.S. College Students from 1995 to 2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettijohn, Terry F., II; Pettijohn, Terry F.; Geschke, Kaela S.

    2009-01-01

    To investigate changes in U.S. college student sun tanning attitudes and behaviors over the last decade, participants completed sun tanning attitude and behavior surveys in 1995 (n=151) and a different sample of participants completed surveys in 2005 (n=208). Consistent with predictions, results indicated that college students were more likely to…

  13. College Students' Perceptions of the Dinner Time Ritual: An Exploratory Cross-Sectional Analysis of Differences over the College Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varey, Kim; Shapiro, Dan

    A study investigated differences in students' perceptions of dinner time rituals at different stages of their college experiences. Subjects, 348 traditional undergraduate students enrolled in various communication courses at a large midwestern university, completed a survey instrument. Respondents ranged from 18 to 26 with an average age of 20.…

  14. 大学生旅游者环境素养调查及环境教育研究%A survey on the environmental quality of college student tourists and study on environmental education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    是丽娜; 王国聘

    2011-01-01

    环境素养是关于环境知识和技能、情感和价值观以及行为的综合,对大学生旅游者环境素养的调查是实施环境教育的重要基础。以南京林业大学为研究对象,以配额抽样法探讨大学生旅游者学科专业、性别因素对环境素养水平的影响,研究发现当代大学生旅游者具有较好的环境意识和态度,具备锻炼成长为严格的生态旅游者的潜质,对旅游环境和生态知识的渴求和认知程度对整体环境素养水平有较大影响,然而也存在着知行脱节、环境行为滞后于环境意识的现象。应结合高校各学科教学与环境道德教育工作,合理设置相关课程,开展旅游环保实践活动,创建绿色校园,营造提升大学生旅游者环境素养的整体氛围。%Environmental quality is a complex about environmental knowledge and skills, emotion, values and behavior. A survey on the environmental quality of college student tourists is the important foundation of the environmental education implementation in colleges, Taking Nanjing Forestry University as the study object,the paper discusses the impact of discipline and gender factors on environmental quality by the quota sampling. The study indicates that the college student tourists have the better environmental consciousness, attitude and the potential to grow into a rigid ecotourists. The desire and cognition degree on tourism environment and ecological knowledge have a great influence on the overall environmental quality. However, there is the disconnection between knowledge and action and environmental behavior lags behind the environmental consciousness. It should combine the discipline teaching work and environmental moral education in colleges, set the related curriculum reasonably ,develop practice activities of tourism enviromnental protection and build a green campus in the hope of promoting the environmental quality of college student tourists.

  15. How to Motivate College English Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙华丽

    2014-01-01

    College students in their early 20’s are energetic, focusing on things they are really into. Unfortunately, English is not one of their interests. This paper focus on how to make the students realize the importanceof English study and to create harmoni⁃ous atmosphere for everyone to learn English more actively in a cooperative way.

  16. Influencing College Students' Perceptions of Videocounseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quarto, Christopher J.

    2011-01-01

    Technology has made inroads in the counseling field in the form of e-mail, chat, and videoconferencing. It is not clear, however, whether college students perceive technology to be an acceptable application to counseling. The purpose of this study was to assess students' attitudes and expectations for a particular type of technology…

  17. Everyday Health Communication Experiences of College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baxter, Leslie; Egbert, Nichole; Ho, Evelyn

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The authors examined college students' day-to-day health communication experiences. Participants: A convenience sample of 109 midwestern university students participated in the study. Methods: The participants completed health communication diaries for 2 weeks, generating 2,185 records. Frequent health topics included nutrition and…

  18. Decision-Making Strategies for College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morey, Janis T.; Dansereau, Donald F.

    2010-01-01

    College students' decision making is often less than optimal and sometimes leads to negative consequences. The effectiveness of two strategies for improving student decision making--node-link mapping and social perspective taking (SPT)--are examined. Participants using SPT were significantly better able to evaluate decision options and develop…

  19. Opinions on College Students' Improving English level

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡迎春

    2002-01-01

    This thesis includes three aspects: discuss the necessity of improving English level, analyze the present situation of students' level, propose some methods to improve English level. Its aim is to encourage college students to improve their English level as possible as they can for the purpose of social development.

  20. Everyday Health Communication Experiences of College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baxter, Leslie; Egbert, Nichole; Ho, Evelyn

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The authors examined college students' day-to-day health communication experiences. Participants: A convenience sample of 109 midwestern university students participated in the study. Methods: The participants completed health communication diaries for 2 weeks, generating 2,185 records. Frequent health topics included nutrition and…

  1. College Students' Positivity toward Teen Mothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eshbaugh, Elaine M.

    2011-01-01

    Although teen pregnancy and parenthood are more visible in society than in the past, teen mothers are often stereotyped and stigmatized. The study examined positivity toward teen mothers among college students (N = 316) at a midwestern university. Although students responded positively to some items regarding teen mothers, other statements showed…

  2. College Students' Attitudes regarding Infant Feeding Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bomba, Anne K.; Chang, Yunhee; Knight, Kathy B.; Tidwell, Diane K.; Wachter, Kathy; Endo, Seiji; West, Charles K.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the attitudes of college students toward various infant feeding practices using a questionnaire created by the authors on the basis of a review of the literature. Five hundred ten students enrolled at the University of Mississippi took part in the study. Findings indicated that respondents believed both high school and…

  3. Celebratory Socialization: Welcoming Latino Students to College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laden, Berta Vigil

    This paper describes the Puente Project, a program developed to provide support services to Latino students attending California community colleges. A discussion of the organizational response to students of color and of organizational socialization practices is followed by a description of the development of the Puente Project. The project's…

  4. Compulsive use of alcohol among college students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrelli, Paola; Bentley, Kate; Vitali, Mario; Clain, Alisabet J.; Nyer, Maren; Fava, Maurizio; Farabaugh, Amy H.

    2013-01-01

    Among college students alcohol consumption is associated with other high-risk behaviors that can lead to short- and long-term negative health consequences. Identification of college students consuming alcohol who are at high risk for problems may have important public health implications. This study examines the ability of the CHQ compulsive use of alcohol item to detect high-risk behaviors relative to other screening measures and its association with different dimensions of compulsive drinking. Three hundred thirty-two college students completed measures on compulsive drinking and hazardous behaviors. Results showed that among male students the CHQ compulsive use of alcohol item was not sensitive to detect hazardous alcohol consumption but co-occurred with the use of illicit drugs. Among female students it was sensitive to detect heavy drinking but not alcohol or drug problems. Among college students compulsive use of alcohol corresponds to an urge to consume alcohol that may be associated with use of illicit drugs in male students, with heavy drinking in female students and with substance use problems. This study suggest that the CHQ compulsive use of alcohol item should not be used as a stand-alone screening for alcohol or drug problems but it could be considered a marker for at-risk behaviors. PMID:22951374

  5. Are female college students who are diagnosed with depression at greater risk of experiencing sexual violence on college campus?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Mian B; Memiah, Peter; Adeyinka, Adeyemi

    2014-08-01

    We examined the association between depression and sexual violence among 18-24 year-old female college students using National College Health Assessment survey. Data were collected from a nationally representative sample of 10,541 female students on 33 college campuses. Results showed that female students who were reportedly ever diagnosed with depression were 1.56 times more likely than those who had never been diagnosed with depression to have experienced sexual violence. Female students who had one or more sexual partners currently were found 3.17 times more likely than those who had no sexual partner to have experienced sexual violence; similarly, female students who engaged in binge drinking in the previous two weeks were found about two times more likely than their counterparts to have experienced sexual violence. Depression is a public health issue and must be addressed sooner rather than later in order to reduce and prevent sexual violence on college campuses.

  6. 在校女大学生的择业倾向及其影响因素--基于北京市大学生的调查%An Analysis on the Tendency in the Occupational Selection of the Female College Students and Its Influence Factors:Based on the Survey among the College Students in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯典牧; 张丽琍

    2015-01-01

    By questionnaire method, the survey of the occupational selection of the college students in more than 30 colleges and universities in Beijing indicates that most female college students take the stability in jobs as the most im-portant thing and they prefer working in economically developed large and medium-sized cities.Most of them require a more or less connection between their work and their majors with the expected monthly salaries from 2500 RMB to 5000 RMB, of whom the primary working objective is self-fulfillment.More female college students choose to work af-ter graduation in low-income families, yet more intend to study abroad in high-income families.With the increase of the annual income of family, the number of the female college students who are willing to work in grassroots decrea-ses.The female college students in high-income families pay more attention to their growth in their first jobs, yet the ones in low-income families aim to earn their own livings according to their first jobs.The girls who do well in study and exams may mostly choose to pursue advanced studies, yet those who do not well enough in academic achievements may probably decide to work after graduation.%用问卷调查法对北京市30多所高校大学生就其择业倾向的调查结果显示:大部分女大学生把工作稳定排在首位;首选的就业地区是经济发达的大中城市;大部分认为工作与所学专业要有一定关联;期望的月薪集中在2500~5000元之间,工作的首要目的是实现自我价值;低收入家庭选择找工作的比例高,高收入家庭选择准备出国的比例高;愿到基层就业的女大学生总体趋势随着家庭年收入的增加而下降;高收入家庭的学生更看重第一份工作对自我成长的价值,而低收入家庭的相对看重先自食其力;成绩排名靠前的学生选择继续深造的比例高,成绩排名靠后的选择找工作的比例高。

  7. Rates of Mental Illness and Associated Academic Impacts in Ontario's College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Alana; Silvestri, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Staff at campus-based counselling and disability centres in 15 of Ontario's 24 community colleges completed 3,536 surveys on 1,964 individual students querying the presence of mental illness and academic challenges as reported by students accessing these services. Survey data were analyzed to determine prevalence rates of mental disorders and…

  8. Predicting Binge Drinking in College Students: Rational Beliefs, Stress, or Loneliness?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yixin; Feeley, Thomas Hugh

    2015-01-01

    We proposed a conceptual model to predict binge-drinking behavior among college students, based on the theory of planned behavior and the stress-coping hypothesis. A two-wave online survey was conducted with predictors and drinking behavior measured separately over 2 weeks' time. In the Wave 1 survey, 279 students at a public university in the…

  9. Predicting Binge Drinking in College Students: Rational Beliefs, Stress, or Loneliness?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yixin; Feeley, Thomas Hugh

    2015-01-01

    We proposed a conceptual model to predict binge-drinking behavior among college students, based on the theory of planned behavior and the stress-coping hypothesis. A two-wave online survey was conducted with predictors and drinking behavior measured separately over 2 weeks' time. In the Wave 1 survey, 279 students at a public university in the…

  10. Engaging Math-Avoidant College Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Paul Latiolais

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an informal, personal account of how we, as two college teachers, became interested in math anxiety, decided to explore it amongst students at our institution in order to inform our teaching, and became convinced that the massive problem is math avoidance. We tried discussion groups, but few students attended, although those that did made useful suggestions. Thus informed, we designed an innovative course, Confronting College Mathematics as a Humanities course with the possibility of credit toward the math requirement, but it was undersubscribed in its first offering and had to be canceled. How can we get college students who avoid math to break through the barrier of math avoidance? We have now begun to explore a new approach: Second Life, where students can engage math—and quantitative literacy—virtually, and anonymously.

  11. Student Views of Instructor-Student Rapport in the College Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Nathan G.; Barrett, Laura Obrycki

    2014-01-01

    Building upon past research on the positive learning outcomes associated with rapport building in the classroom, this study examines the specific behaviors instructors utilize in college classrooms to build rapport with undergraduate students. Participants (N = 230) answered open-ended survey questions about their instructors' rapport-building…

  12. Survey of foreign graduate students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Peter M.

    In the 1983 American Institute of Physics (AIP) Graduate Student Survey, the issue of foreign versus national students in U.S. graduate programs was explored. In the past decade, the number of entering graduate students from foreign nations in American universities has risen from about 600 to about 1100, an increase from 23% in 1973 to 40% in 1983 of all entering physics graduate students in the United States. There are more than 10,000 graduate students in physics in the United StatesThe benefits, or lack thereof, of having foreign graduate students raises a number of philosophical points. Like all students, foreign students learn from academic programs; but at high competitive levels, they contribute as well. The essence of growth in any academic program is described by the creativity supplied by ever incoming students. In an academically competitive system the question of foreign students displacing U.S. students in graduate programs has no definition. On the other hand, what about the graduate job market after graduation? Some would point to the return of foreign graduates to their homeland as an example of U.S. education efforts not benefitting U.S. society, at least directly. Others worry about foreign graduates flooding the U.S. job market.

  13. 网络时代医学院校大学生媒介素养教育调查探析%Media Literacy Survey of Medical Colleges Students in Internet Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晋; 吕振波

    2014-01-01

    网络社会,媒介素养是大学生必不可少的一项基本素质,通过对山东医学院校的大学生媒介素养的调查发现,医学生媒介素养水平不容乐观,还处于自发状态,媒介选择、批判、运用能力欠缺,媒介道德伦理缺失,医学生媒介素养教育是当务之急。%In network society, media literacy is an essential basic quality of college students. Through media literacy survey among students in Shandong medical colleges, we found that medical students’ media literacy is still in autonomous state, students’ inability in media choice, judgment and using, and without media ethics, so it’s ur-gent to carry out medical media literacy education.

  14. Survey and analysis on employment tendency of English major students in higher vocational colleges in Gansu province%甘肃高职英语类专业学生就业倾向调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玲

    2012-01-01

      Based on the survey and interview, the employment tendency of English Major students in higher vocational colleges of Gansu Province has been analyzed. The tendency of taking English teaching as profession and seeking jobs in Gansu Province are influenced not only by the students’ background, but also by traditional concept. Under the fierce job competition, higher vocational colleges should help students change their employment attitudes, make their employment tendency conform to the social and economic development of Gansu Province and create more employment opportunities for them.%  以问卷和访谈形式调查分析了甘肃高职英语类专业学生的就业倾向,以教师职业和省内就业为倾向受生源地和传统观念影响。在就业竞争激烈的形势下,建议高职院校帮助学生积极转变就业观念,拓宽就业渠道,适应地方社会、经济发展

  15. Depressive Symptomatology and College Persistence among African American College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyraz, Güler; Horne, Sharon G; Owens, Archandria C; Armstrong, Aisha P

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between depressive symptomatology and college outcomes among African American students, as well as to determine whether these relationships were moderated by gender and type of university. Participants included 569 African American first-year students attending two public universities in the Southeast United States: a historically Black college/university (HBCU) and a predominantly White institution (PWI). Using a longitudinal study design, data were collected at three time points. Results indicated that, after adjusting for the effects of the control variables (gender, type of institution, high school GPA, participation in on-campus activities, institutional and goal commitments), depressive symptomatology present in the first semester of college was associated with increased likelihood of dropping out of college before the end of the second year of college. The relationship between these two variables was mediated by first-year cumulative GPA. Results also indicated that the hypothesized relationships did not vary as a function of gender and the university type.

  16. Lane Community College Student Follow-Up Study, Spring 2001. 1999-2000 Students: One Year Later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoz, Sylvia J.

    This 2001 follow-up study conducted in the spring of 2001 and reported in the fall of 2001,targeted 2 groups of former Lane Community College (LCC) (Oregon) students. Surveys were mailed to all 1990-2000 graduates (students who earned a degree or certificate). The second group contacted were students who had achieved no formal award (NFA). These…

  17. 高职院校学生抑郁状况及其影响因素的研究%A survey on the depression prevalence and its influencing factors in vocational college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪仕钢; 姚应水; 祁秦; 黄志伟; 陈燕; 尚效贤; 康耀文; 贺连平; 臧洪艳; 聂淼

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解高职学生抑郁的基本状况,探讨抑郁的相关影响因素.方法:采用方便整群抽样的方法对淮南和芜湖两所高职院校共3 867名高职学生进行问卷调查,主要内容包括一般情况调查表、抑郁自评量表(SDS).结果:本研究显示,高职学生抑郁情绪的检出率为36.0%,不同性别、性格、饮食习惯、社会支持的高职学生抑郁情绪检出率的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).Logistic回归分析发现,女性、外向的性格、不偏食、较好的社会支持是高职学生抑郁发生的保护因素.结论:抑郁情绪在高职学生中检出率较高.学校应该有针对性地开展高职学生的心理健康教育、危机干预等工作,提高学生的心理健康水平和压力承受能力.%Objective:To investigate the primary status of depression prevalence in students from certain vocational colleges and the influential factors associated with this disorder. Methods: By convenient clustered sampling,we conducted a survey on 3867 students from two vocational colleges in Huainan and Wuhu,Anhui province, through self-written questionnaires that included general demographic information and Self-rating Depression Scale(SDS). Results-. Detectable depressive mood appealed prevalent in 36. 0% of the total participants, and the disorder symptoms were statistically different in respect of dissimilar sexes,personalities,food habits and availability of social supports(P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis suggested that the protective factors for depressive disorders were involved in females,extroverted personalities,food preferences free and a-vailable network of social support. Conclusion: Depressive mood symptoms seem prevalent higher in vocational college students, for which college authorities are advised to supply the students with targeted mental health education and crisis intervention to boost their mental health level and stress tolerance.

  18. Survey on Internet addiction disorder of college students in three universities of Shanxi province%山西省3所高校大学生网络成瘾调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐勇; 张克让

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Adolescent Intemet addition disorder(IAD) gradually appears with the rapid popularization of Internet in China. National researches are rare at present.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the status quo of Internet use and on-line behavior characters of college students and to provide scientific data for the prevention of adolescent IAD.DESIGN: A status quo survey by employing college students as subjects SETTING: Department of psychiatrics of a medical university-affiliated hospitalPARTICIPANTS: Totally 510 college students were selected from three different type universities of Shanxi province including Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan University of Technology, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics between November 2003 and February 2004.METHODS: Totally 510 college students from three universities of Shanxi Province were assessed by IAD test and self-compiled questionnaire for on-line college students.and non-IAD students.RESULTS: The detectable rate of IAD in college students of Shanxi province was 6.2%. More male students( n =29) had IAD than female students ( n = 3 ). Weekly on-line time of IAD students was (18.59 ± 16. 12)hours, which was significantly longer than (5.61 ± 5.64) hours of non-IAD student( P < 0. 001 ) . There were significant differences of monthly on-line expenses, usual on-line place, opinions of whether intemet had negative impacts, understanding of their parents on internet functions they used, and the objective of on-line between IAD students and non-IAD students(P<0.05 -0. 001 ), while there were no significant differences of on-line history and the utilization of internet function between two groups of students ( P > 0. 05).CONCLUSION: The detectable rate of IAD in college students is relatively high and there is significant difference of on-line behavior characters between IAD students and non-IAD students, which should arouse attentions from the related department to prevent the occurrence of IAD.%背景:青少年网络

  19. Greek College Students and Psychopathology: New Insights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantinos Kontoangelos

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: College students’ mental health problems include depression, anxiety, panic disorders, phobias and obsessive compulsive thoughts. Aims: To investigate Greek college students’ psychopathology. Methods: During the initial evaluation, 638 college students were assessed through the following psychometric questionnaires: (a Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ; (b The Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90; (c The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; (d State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI. Results: State anxiety and trait anxiety were correlated, to a statistically significant degree, with the family status of the students (p = 0.024 and the past visits to the psychiatrist (p = 0.039 respectively. The subscale of psychoticism is significantly related with the students’ origin, school, family status and semester. The subscale of neuroticism is significantly related with the students’ school. The subscale of extraversion is significantly related with the students’ family psychiatric history. Students, whose place of origin is Attica, have on average higher scores in somatization, phobic anxiety and paranoid ideation than the other students. Students from abroad have, on average, higher scores in interpersonal sensitivity and psychoticism than students who hail from other parts of Greece. The majority of the students (79.7% do not suffer from depression, according to the Beck’s depression inventory scale. Conclusions: Anxiety, somatization, personality traits and depression are related with the students’ college life.

  20. Comparing Sexual Assult Survey Prevalence Rates at Military Service Academies and U.S. Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-15

    donors and influencers ( parents , guardians, etc.) in the way other IHEs do. MSAs are military run, and the students are members of the military, having...December 15, 2015 SURVEY NOTE Note No. 2015-17 1 Comparing Sexual Assault Survey Prevalence Rates at Military Service Academies and U.S...Colleges Executive Summary The Association of American Universities (AAU) Campus Survey of Sexual Assault and Sexual Misconduct was designed to assess the

  1. Educational Needs Assessment of St. Regis/Akwesasne Mohawk College Students at the State University of New York College at Potsdam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stebbins, Susan

    A telephone survey interviewed 112 present and former American Indian students, most of whom were from the St. Regis/Akwesasne Mohawk reservation, attending State University of New York College at Potsdam (SUNY Potsdam). The survey was conducted to determine Akwesasne needs and wants, to ask what the college could provide, and to promote greater…

  2. Survey Research on Health Information Literacy of College Students in Qiqihar%齐齐哈尔市大学生健康信息素养的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩云峰; 葛杰; 贾月辉; 娄峰阁; 谢志平

    2016-01-01

    Objective To know the health information literacy level of college students in Qiqihar and its influence factors and provide basis for making health policy and health education intervention measures. Methods The students in two col-leges in Qiqihar were surveyed and the health information literacy levels of the objects were evaluated by the health infor-mation literacy scale. Results 1900 pieces of questionnaires were issued, 1744 pieces of effective questionnaires were taken back, and the effective rate was 91.79%, the total score of health information literacy was (18.99±1.80)marks, the analysis of variance of single-factor and multiple-factor showed that the overall score of health information literacy in female was high-er than that in male, (F=35.95, P<0.0001), the higher the household income, the higher the score, (F=48.10, P<0.0001), the overall score of health information literacy in medical colleges was higher than that in the general colleges (F=13.58, P=0.0002) and the overall score of health information literacy of urban students was higher than that of rural students, (F=74.74, P<0.0001), and all differences had statistical significance. Conclusion The overall level of health information literacy of college students in Qiqihar is lower, and improving the health information literacy level of college students is of important theoretical value and realistic significance to improving the health information literacy of the whole country.%目的:了解齐齐哈尔市大学生健康信息素养水平及其影响因素,为制定卫生政策和健康教育干预措施提供依据。方法对齐齐哈尔市两所大学的在校生进行抽样调查,以健康信息素养量表对调查对象健康信息素养水平进行测评。结果共发放调查问卷1900份,收回有效问卷1744份,有效率为91.79%。健康信息素养总分(18.99±1.80﹚分,经单因素和多因素方差分析,健康信息素养综合得分女生高于男生(F=35.95,P<0.0001﹚、

  3. A cognition and demand survey on chemotherapeutic self-protection knowledge among junior college and college nursing students before starting their internship in a tumor hopspital from Sichuan province%对四川省某肿瘤专科医院护生实习前化疗防护认知及需求情况的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗蕾; 缪艳; 易勇

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解本科及专科护生在实习前对化疗防护的认知及需求情况.方法 参考美国职业安全健康管理局(OSHA)抗肿瘤药物的使用和防护要求自行设计调查问卷,对四川省某肿瘤医院192名本科及专科护生在实习前进行问卷调查.结果 实习前护生化疗防护知识普遍缺乏,本、专科护生对化疗药物污染、化疗废弃物处理方法的认知和需求,以及获取化疗防护知识途径方面的差异均有统计学意义(x2值分别为25.608,27.587,50.718,53.251,54.173,66.088;P <0.05);专科护生认知水平相对较低、对化疗前防护认知需求较高,从医学网站和杂志上获取知识少;两组护生希望获取化疗防护知识的教学方式上比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 肿瘤护理课程体系与教学方式有待于进一步完善,护生在实习前需系统化培训化疗防护知识,重点加强对专科护生的培训.%Objective To investigate the situation of cognition and demand for the chemotherapeutic self-protection knowledge among junior college and college nursing students before starting their internship.Methods To design questionnaire according to the U.S.Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations on the usage and protection requirements of anti-tumor drag,and to conduct a questionnaire survey of 192 junior college and college nursing students in our hospital before starting their internship.Results Before starting their internship,the students were lack of the chemotherapeutic selfprotection knowledge generally.There were significant differences between junior college nursing students and college nursing students in the situation of cognition and demand for chemotherapy contamination,in chemotherapy waste disposal methods,as well as ways to get chemotherapeutic self-protection knowledge (x2 =25.608,27.587,50.718,53.251,54.173,66.088 ; P < 0.05).Compared with college nursing students,junior college nursing

  4. Preventing distracted driving among college students: Addressing smartphone use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassani, Sahar; Kelly, Erin H; Smith, Jennifer; Thorpe, Sara; Sozzer, Fatima H; Atchley, Paul; Sullivan, Elroy; Larson, Dean; Vogel, Lawrence C

    2017-02-01

    Based on the National Highway Traffic Safety Association's (NHTSA) Report, fatalities due to distracted driving are on the rise and the highest proportion of fatalities by age group is the 20-29 year old category. To date little has been done to educate college students about the dangers of distracted driving and engage these students in promoting a safe driving culture. Intervening among college students has the potential for making real-time behavior change, can foster a lifetime of safe driving habits among these students, and can help contribute to a culture of safe driving that can be created and sustained through positive messages from peers. The goals of this study were to develop, implement and evaluate a distracted driving presentation for college students to change knowledge, attitude and behavior on distracted driving. A 30-min, multi-media presentation on distracted driving was presented to 19 colleges and universities, totaling 444 college students (mean age 23.7±7.0 years of age, 61% females, 39% males). Students completed three surveys: prior to the workshop (interview 1), immediately after the workshop (interview 2), and 3 months following the workshop (interview 3). We assessed changes between interview 1 and interview 2 and found 15 of the 15 attitude-knowledge based questions significantly improved after the course. In addition, we assessed changes from interviews 1 and 3, and found 11 of the 15 attitude-knowledge based questions maintained their significance. Responses to behavior related questions at three months were also compared to baseline, and significant improvements were found for 12 of the 14 questions. While this study was successful in improving the short-term attitude-knowledge and behaviors on distracted driving, work is needed to sustain (and evaluate) long-term effects.

  5. Problematic eating attitudes among college and university dietetics students in an urban area of Japan.

    OpenAIRE

    横山, 伸; 青沼, 紀伊子; 佐藤, 美佳; 堀尾, 真理; 杉山, 英子

    2003-01-01

    This study was designed to survey the prevalence of problematic eating behaviors among dietetics students. The Eating Attitude Test (EAT) was distributed to college and university dietetics students and students of other majors in the Nagano city area. For dietetics freshmen, the survey was repeated again after an interval of 5 months. The incidence of disordered eating attitudes was significantly greater in the dietetics majors than in other students. The incidence was significantly higher i...

  6. Parent Support and Stress among First-Generation and Continuing-Generation Female Students during the Transition to College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sy, Susan R.; Fong, Kristen; Carter, Rebecca; Boehme, Julia; Alpert, Amy

    2012-01-01

    This study compares first-generation and continuing-generation female college students in terms of: (a) level of parents' emotional and informational support; (b) level of students' stress; and (c) the relationship between both types of parent support and students' stress during the transition to college. We collected survey data from an…

  7. Parent Support and Stress among First-Generation and Continuing-Generation Female Students during the Transition to College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sy, Susan R.; Fong, Kristen; Carter, Rebecca; Boehme, Julia; Alpert, Amy

    2012-01-01

    This study compares first-generation and continuing-generation female college students in terms of: (a) level of parents' emotional and informational support; (b) level of students' stress; and (c) the relationship between both types of parent support and students' stress during the transition to college. We collected survey data from an…

  8. Food Safety Knowledge and Decision-making Process among College Students in Lanzhou, Western China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo Tao

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the study, a questionnaire survey containing three parts (general characteristics of the study sample, 15 food safety knowledge questions and 3 questions about decision-making process on food safety problems was conducted among college students in Lanzhou City. The results indicated that food safety knowledge levels was closely related to engaged major and sex of college students. Food safety knowledge scores of students in food science major were higher than ones of liberal arts and engineering students. Female college students gained higher scores in food safety knowledge than male students and male students are more concerned about food safety cases and easily inclined to participate in solving these problems about food safety. Moreover, the results revealed that the levels of food safety knowledge for college students in China were low and there is an urgent need for more food safety education.

  9. Food Safety Knowledge and Decision-making Process among College Students in Lanzhou, Western China

    OpenAIRE

    Guo Tao; Su Dan; Zhang Bing-Yun; Wang Ya

    2015-01-01

    In the study, a questionnaire survey containing three parts (general characteristics of the study sample, 15 food safety knowledge questions and 3 questions about decision-making process on food safety problems) was conducted among college students in Lanzhou City. The results indicated that food safety knowledge levels was closely related to engaged major and sex of college students. Food safety knowledge scores of students in food science major were higher than ones of liberal arts and engi...

  10. Facets of Dispositional Mindfulness and Health Among College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodenlos, Jamie S; Wells, Stephanie Y; Noonan, Marleah; Mayrsohn, Aubreyanne

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between the facets of trait mindfulness with psychological and physical health while controlling for health behaviors in college students. 310 students from a small, private college in the Northeastern United States. Students completed self-report measures, including the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14), the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Medical Outcomes Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and the Rutgers Alcohol Problems Index (RAPI). After controlling for other health behaviors, the observation facet of mindfulness was negatively associated with physical health. Both acting with awareness and nonjudging facets were positively associated with emotional well-being. For social functioning, nonjudging was a significant positive facet for this domain of health. Tailoring mindfulness-based interventions to enhance these facets may be beneficial to young adults.

  11. Alcohol consumption, sleep, and academic performance among college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singleton, Royce A; Wolfson, Amy R

    2009-05-01

    Three independent lines of inquiry have found associations between alcohol use and academic performance, sleep and academic performance, and alcohol use and sleep. The present study bridges this research by examining the links among alcohol use, sleep, and academic performance in college students. Personal interview surveys were conducted with a random sample of 236 students (124 women) at a liberal arts college. The interviews measured alcohol consumption, gender, academic class, weekday and weekend bedtimes and rise times, and daytime sleepiness; 95% of the sample granted permission to obtain grade-point average (GPA) and Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) scores from official college records. Ordinary least squares regressions showed that alcohol consumption was a significant predictor of four sleep patterns: the duration of sleep, the timing of sleep, the difference between weekday and weekend nighttime sleep hours (oversleep), and the difference between weekday and weekend bedtimes (bedtime delay). Women and students with late sleep schedules were more apt to report daytime sleepiness. SAT score was the strongest predictor of GPA. However, gender, alcohol consumption, sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness also were significant predictors when other variables were controlled. In addition to alcohol's direct relationship with GPA, mediational analysis indicated that alcohol had indirect effects on sleepiness and GPA, primarily through its effect on sleep schedule. The findings show how alcohol use among college students is related to sleep-wake patterns and further support the connection between alcohol use and grades.

  12. Associations between smoking and media literacy in college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Primack, Brian A; Sidani, Jaime; Carroll, Mary V; Fine, Michael J

    2009-09-01

    Organizations recommend media literacy to reduce tobacco use, and higher media literacy has been associated with lower smoking among high school students. The relationship between smoking media literacy and tobacco use, however, has not been systematically studied among college students. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between smoking and smoking media literacy among college students. We conducted the National College Health Assessment (NCHA) at a large, urban university, adding six items measuring smoking media literacy. A total of 657 students responded to this random sample e-mail survey. We used multiple logistic regression to determine independent associations between smoking media literacy items and current smoking. The media literacy scale was internally consistent (alpha = 0.79). Of the respondents, 21.5% reported smoking cigarettes over the past 30 days. In a fully adjusted multivariate model, participants with medium media literacy had an odds ratio (OR) for current smoking of 0.45 (95% CI = 0.29, 0.70), and those with high media literacy had an OR for current smoking of 0.38 (95% CI = 0.20, 0.70). High smoking media literacy is independently associated with lower odds of smoking. Smoking media literacy may be a valuable construct to address in college populations.

  13. Mediating Factors of Personal Wellbeing in Gifted College Students: Early-College Entrants and Honors College Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JANETTE K. BOAZMAN

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Many educational, behavioral, dietary, safety, and other factors influence the wellbeing of adolescents around the world (Currieet al., 2008. Previous studies examined multiple adolescent subpopulations, but none looked at academically advanced students.In this study, the Personal Wellbeing Index (International Wellbeing Group, 2005 was used to assess the wellbeing of 213 giftedcollege students who entered university in either an early-college-entrance program or entered at normal ages and were acceptedinto an honors college. One hundred twenty-two participants were students from the Texas Academy of Mathematics and Science(TAMS. TAMS is an early-college entrance program allowing gifted students to enter college after their sophomore (secondyear of high school, approximately 15 to 16 years old at the time of entrance to the University. Ninety-one participants werestudents who attended the UNT Honors College. Honors College students are gifted students who enter college at a traditionalage in America, after high school graduation (18 to 19 years old. This study also examined the participants’ general self-efficacy,beliefs about of intelligence, hope, gratitude, religiosity, and resiliency; and assessed any mediating effects they had on personalwellbeing in the high-ability college students. Data analysis included latent transition, general linear model, repeated measures,and regression. Results of the study revealed that dispositional mood and hope-agency were significantly related to the developmentof personal wellbeing for high-ability students during their first year of college regardless of age. Knowledge of psychologicalconstructs that are facilitative of the positive personal wellbeing helps parents, teachers, administrators, and counselors preparegifted students for success in college and beyond.

  14. Screening and Brief Intervention for Tobacco Use by Student Health Providers on College Campuses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutfin, Erin L.; McNamara, Robert S.; Blocker, Jill N.; Ip, Edward H.; O'Brien, Mary Claire; Wolfson, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Objective: This study assessed college students' reports of tobacco screening and brief intervention by student health center providers. Participants: Participants were 3,800 students from 8 universities in North Carolina. Methods: Web-based survey of a stratified random sample of undergraduates. Results: Fifty-three percent reported ever visiting…

  15. Gender Differences in Student Engagement among African American Undergraduates at Historically Black Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Shaun R.; Carini, Robert M.; Bridges, Brian K.; Hayek, John C.

    2004-01-01

    Differences in student engagement between women and men at historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are examined in this study. Data were collected from 1,167 African American undergraduate students at 12 four-year HBCUs that participated in the National Survey of Student Engagement. Controlling for several factors that might obscure…

  16. Depressive Symptoms, Stress, and Social Support among Dental Students at a Historically Black College and University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurence, Brian; Williams, Carla; Eiland, Derrick

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The authors measured the prevalence of depressive symptoms among dental students at a historically black college in the United States to determine how depressive symptoms, stress, and social support influence each other within this student population. Participants: Dental students (n = 143) completed a self-administered survey to assess…

  17. Alcohol Consumption and Positive Study Practices among African American College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    dePyssler, Bruce; Williams, Valerie S. L.; Windle, Michael

    2005-01-01

    This investigation focused on the relation between college student drinking behavior and study skills, behaviors, habits, and attitudes among undergraduate students at a predominantly African American university. Students (N = 492) were administered a multimedia alcohol survey with an embedded measure of study practices. The negative and generally…

  18. AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE QUALITY OF COLLEGE CANTEEN SERVICE PROCESS AND STUDENT SATISFACTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李毅红

    2016-01-01

    The canteen is an integral part of university. After a survey among student, using the factor analysis method and the importance and satisfaction of four graph model among students to study the relationship between the quality of college canteen service process and student satisfaction, there is a relationship between them. This relationship suggests that improving the quality of college canteen service process is the based way to increase students' satisfaction. By the investigation and the analysis, getting the important and not fully satisfied aspect of the quality of college canteen service process.

  19. Improving Alcohol Screening for College Students: Screening for Alcohol Misuse amongst College Students with a Simple Modification to the CAGE Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Purcell; El-Sabawi, Taleed; Cangin, Causenge

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To improve the CAGE (Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye opener) questionnaire's predictive accuracy in screening college students. Participants: The sample consisted of 219 midwestern university students who self-administered a confidential survey. Methods: Exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, receiver operating…

  20. Successful Geoscience Pipeline Activities for High School and College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furman, T.; Fail, C. F.; Adewumi, M.; Bralower, T.; Guertin, L.

    2004-12-01

    The proportion of African-American students in the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences (EMS) at Penn State is 3.3 percent, only slightly lower than the overall University Park campus proportion of 4 percent. Retention rates within EMS are excellent; a recent survey found that EMS ranks highest in student satisfaction overall at the University Park campus. Our goal to increase diversity in EMS disciplines requires us to attract new students to Penn State rather than recruiting from other areas within the institution. We have implemented three programs that appear successful in this regard, and are thus likely to form a viable pipeline from high school through graduate school. These programs operate at a college-wide level and are co-sponsored by AESEDA (Alliance for Earth Science, Engineering and Development in Africa). SEEMS (Summer Experience in EMS) is a partnership with Upward Bound Math and Science, adding 30 hours of directed research to their existing enrichment program. Students identified in 9th grade spend 6 weeks each summer in residence at PSU, where they receive classroom instruction in core academic areas in addition to a group research project led by faculty and graduate students. SEEMS students are likely PSU recruits: all are accepted to college, 85 percent plan to attend college within PA, and all have strong family support for education as well as for careers in EMS. Pre- and post-experience surveys indicate strong positive changes in perception of EMS careers, particularly with regard to levels of intellectual challenge and starting salary. We maintain personal contact with these students and encourage them to attend PSU when they graduate. SROP (Summer Research Opportunity Program) is administered by the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, the academic arm of the Big 10, and provides residential research internships for students from HBCU and MSI campuses. EMS participates in SROP by funding research interns and providing strong individual

  1. Rice University: Innovation to Increase Student College Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gigliotti, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    "College readiness" means that a student can enter a college classroom without remediation and successfully complete entry-level college requirements (Conley, 2012). In order for students to be considered college ready, they must acquire skills, content knowledge, and behaviors before leaving high school. Research on high-school performance…

  2. Student Debt Attitudes at Sweet Briar College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodfish, Scott; Cheyfitz, Caryn

    1989-01-01

    A mail survey was conducted of alumnae or students who left Sweet Briar between 1979 and 1986. The study was to solicit information about attitudes toward educational loan debt which could be used in counseling current and prospective students, evaluating award packaging policies, and responding to legislation affecting student loans. (MLW)

  3. 徐州市大学生抑郁障碍的流行病学特点%Epidemiological survey of depression disorder in college students in Xuzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱相华; 耿德勤; 周勤; 王亚萍; 李群; 王成东; 乔娟; 梁光利; 赵后锋; 杨永杰

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To describe the prevalence and distribution of depression disorder in college students in Xuzhou city. Method:Through cluster sampling, 1 541 college students from 2 colleges in Xuzhou city were screened by Beck depression rating scale (BDI) , self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and suicide ideation scale ( SIS). Subjects were classified as high or low risk of having a mental disorder and then psychiatrists determined their diagnoses by administering the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-RT( SCID-I/P). The estimated prevalence was adjusted by sample characteristic. Results: Totally 1 527 individuals completed the screening. The overall prevalence of depression disorder was 5. 63% (95% CI;4. 47 ~ 6. 79). The prevalence rates of diagnostic groups of disorders were as follows:major depressive disorder 3.11% (95% C/;2. 24 ~ 3. 98) , dysthymic disorder 0. 38% (95% CI:0. 07 ~0. 69) .unspecific depression disorder 2.15% (95% CI:1. 42 ~ 2. 88). The prevalence of depression disorder was much lower in females than in males(4.67% vs 7.29% ,OR = 0.64,95% CI:0.43 -0.96) ,and was much lower in polytechnic students than in medical students(4. 58% vs 7. 11% ,OR =0.64,95% CI:0. 42 -0.98). Conclusion:The prevalence of depression disorder in college students in Xuzhou city is close to the same kind survey abroad and the domestic s. Depression disorder is a common psychological problem among college students.%目的:了解徐州市在校大学生抑郁障碍的患病率及其分布特点. 方法:采用整群抽样方法,在徐州市选取某两所高校的在校大学生1 541人,使用贝克抑郁自评问卷(BDI)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)以及自杀意念量表进行筛查,由精神科医生采用美国精神障碍诊断与统计手册轴Ⅰ障碍定式临床检查患者版对危险人群进行调查,作出有无精神障碍及具体诊断. 结果:完成调查1 527人,调整后抑郁障碍的总患病率为5.63%(95% CI:4.47 ~ 6.79),

  4. Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviors of Asian Pacific Islander Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trieu, Sang Leng; Marshak, Helen Hopp; Bratton, Sally I.

    2013-01-01

    Analyzed were the sexual and reproductive health behaviors of Asian Pacific Islander (API) California community college students who took the National College Health Assessment (NCHA) survey. This was done to identify characteristics related to sexual behavior and choice of birth control and examine the association between condom use and history…

  5. Physical Activity, Body Mass Index, Alcohol Consumption and Cigarette Smoking among East Asian College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Dong-Chul; Torabi, Mohammad R.; Chin, Ming-Kai; Lee, Chung Gun; Kim, Nayoung; Huang, Sen-Fang; Chen, Chee Keong; Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching; Wong, Patricia; Chia, Michael; Park, Bock-Hee

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To identify levels of moderate-intensity physical activity (MPA) and vigorous-intensity physical activity (VPA) in a representative sample of college students in six East Asian economies and examine their relationship with weight, alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: College students…

  6. Math Readiness and Preparation for Competitive College Majors and Careers: The Case of Black Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Gail E.

    This study examines factors that determine the enrollment of black students in the high school math courses (i.e., advanced algebra, trigonometry, calculus) that are necessary for competitive college and major field access. The data are from a local college survey of juniors and seniors who were enrolled in eight (8) local public and private…

  7. Residence Hall Room Type and Alcohol Use among College Students Living on Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Jennifer E.; Zimmerman, Don; O'Grady, Megan A.

    2009-01-01

    The objectives were to explore the relation between the built environment of residence halls and the alcohol use of college students living on campus from the perspective of the theory of routine activity. This exploratory study examined data from two samples on one college campus. Online surveys assessed alcohol use, attitudes toward alcohol use,…

  8. Knowledge of Acute Human Immnuodeficiency Virus Infection among Gay and Bisexual Male College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grin, Benjamin; Chan, Philip A.; Operario, Don

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To examine human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in at-risk college men who have sex with men (MSM), focusing on knowledge about acute HIV infection (AHI). Participants and Methods: A one-time anonymous survey was administered to college students attending a lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender,…

  9. The Effects of Dynamic Graphing Utilities on Student Attitudes and Conceptual Understanding in College Algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Ryan Vail

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this study is to explore and characterize the effects of using a dynamic graphing utility (DGU) on conceptual understanding and attitudes toward mathematics, measured by the responses of college algebra students to an attitude survey and concepts assessment. Two sections of college algebra taught by the primary researcher are included…

  10. Physical Activity, Body Mass Index, Alcohol Consumption and Cigarette Smoking among East Asian College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Dong-Chul; Torabi, Mohammad R.; Chin, Ming-Kai; Lee, Chung Gun; Kim, Nayoung; Huang, Sen-Fang; Chen, Chee Keong; Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching; Wong, Patricia; Chia, Michael; Park, Bock-Hee

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To identify levels of moderate-intensity physical activity (MPA) and vigorous-intensity physical activity (VPA) in a representative sample of college students in six East Asian economies and examine their relationship with weight, alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: College students…

  11. Premise and Promise: Developing New Pathways for Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClenney, Kay; Dare, Donna; Thomason, Susan

    2013-01-01

    Ensuring that community colleges can better support students in pursuit and completion of college credentials is a central focus of the American Association of Community Colleges' 21st-Century Commission on the Future of Community Colleges. Recently, many institutions have worked to improve the college entry experience, but too often, student…

  12. The Impact of Different Parenting Styles on First-Year College Students' Adaptation to College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Gregory J.

    2006-01-01

    The present study was undertaken to determine the impact of different parenting styles on college students' adaptation to college. During the second week of college, 80 first-year students from two-parent families completed the Tests of Reactions and Adaptations to College, English version and the Parental Authority Questionnaire. Authoritative…

  13. A Study on three categories of college students' FLA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bi Ran

    2015-01-01

    The paper is concerned with an empirical study on three categories of college students' FLA. The aim is to enhance the efficiency of college English teaching and help students to improve English level.

  14. A comparison of bone mineral densities and body composition between Southeast Asia college students and Chinese college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Peng; Ye, Ziliang; Lu, Jingjing; Lu, Haili; Guan, Liping; Teng, Zhihai; Gao, Shangzhi; Li, Mingyi

    2016-09-01

    The aim of this study was to compare bone mineral densities (BMDs) and body composition between Southeast Asia college students and Chinese college students, in order to provide a certain reference enhancing college students' physical fitness.A total of 1694 Chinese college students (294 men and 1400 women, aged 18-22 years) and 250 Southeast Asia college students (148 men and 102 women, aged 19-22 years) were included in the study. Weight, height, and body mass index were measured anthropometrically. BMD values were determined by ultrasound bone densitometer and body composition was determined by body composition analyzer.Southeast Asia college students were overweight than Chinese college students (250 vs 1694) (P college students had a significantly lower body weight, fat mass, lean tissue mass, lean body weight, estimation of bone mass, protein, and metabolic rate but higher BMD at the calcaneus compared with Southeast Asia college students (P college students and Southeast Asia college students (P > 0.01 for all parameters).The results of this cross-sectional study suggest that Chinese college students had a higher BMD but lower body composition than Southeast Asia college students, which may be associated with genes, diet, exercise, and other factors.

  15. Career Exploration among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fouad, Nadya A.; Ghosh, Arpita; Chang, Wen-hsin; Figueiredo, Catia; Bachhuber, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    College is a significant time for undergraduates to declare majors and choose career paths. For many undergraduates, choosing both a major and a career path is challenging. Research shows that many universities deliver career interventions through dedicated career decision-making courses (Mead & Korschgen, 1994). However, there has been…

  16. Career Exploration among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fouad, Nadya A.; Ghosh, Arpita; Chang, Wen-hsin; Figueiredo, Catia; Bachhuber, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    College is a significant time for undergraduates to declare majors and choose career paths. For many undergraduates, choosing both a major and a career path is challenging. Research shows that many universities deliver career interventions through dedicated career decision-making courses (Mead & Korschgen, 1994). However, there has been…

  17. Student Loans, Financial Stress, and College Student Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britt, Sonya L.; Ammerman, David Allen; Barrett, Sarah F.; Jones, Scott

    2017-01-01

    This study examined a sample of 2,475 undergraduate students to determine the influence of financial stress, debt loads, and financial counseling on retention rates. Results indicate, among other findings, that financial stress contributes to an increased likelihood of discontinuing college. Self-reported student loan debt contributes to an…

  18. Student Opinion Survey, 1976. Research Report: BCC 1-77.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eagle, Norman

    A student opinion survey was administered to a sample of 1,100 students at Bronx Community College (BCC) in 1976. Respondent ethnicity distribution was 46.2% black, 29.1% hispanic, 17.0% white, 1.5% Oriental, and 6.3% other. More than half of the respondents were in either liberal arts and music (42.8%) or business curricula (21.8%). Results…

  19. Excessive daytime sleepiness and its pattern among Indian college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Gurjeet; Singh, Amarjeet

    2017-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDTS) in Indian college students. This was a cross-sectional study that was conducted among 1215 undergraduate students, using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and a sociodemographic survey. A high proportion (45%) of EDTS was observed, and the problem was significantly greater in participants from professional courses. A probability of association of EDTS with coffee/tea consumption, alcohol consumption and smoking was also observed in the study. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Deaf college students' perspectives on literacy portfolios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickerson, Jane Freiburg

    2003-01-01

    The study examined how literacy portfolios were used as tools in a college developmental English class in which deaf students assessed their reading comprehension as well as their writing processes and products. The students' reading and writing assignments involved reflective thinking and were grounded in authentic tasks. Immediate feedback was provided. The study was multidimensional, longitudinal, and ongoing. A variety of field research techniques were used to ascertain the uses and influences of portfolios in regard to students' reading, writing, and reflective thinking. The results support the idea that the use of literacy portfolios can positively influence students who are deaf when they assess their reading and writing abilities.

  1. Multiple Surveys of Students and Survey Fatigue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Stephen R.; Whitcomb, Michael E.; Weitzer, William H.

    2004-01-01

    This chapter reviews the literature on survey fatigue and summarizes a research project that indicates that administering multiple surveys in one academic year can significantly suppress response rates in later surveys. (Contains 4 tables.)

  2. Unheard Voices: First Generation Students and the Community College

    OpenAIRE

    Joyce, Colman

    2015-01-01

    First generation students are less likely to persist in college than their peers who have grown up in college educated families. This qualitative research study explores the experiences of 38 first generation students enrolled at four different community colleges in Northern and Central Oregon. During my research into first generation students, I became convinced that there was a gap in examining the lives and self-reported experiences of these students in the community college environment...

  3. First Year English at The College of The Bahamas: Student Perceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Austin Oenbring

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The report presents the findings of a student exit survey of the largest first-year writing course at the College of the Bahamas, a study designed to measure students’ perception of learning in the course. To facilitate comparison, the survey instrument generally followed publicly-available survey studies of first-year composition students at other pots-secondary institutions. While exit survey suggests that students perceive the course as a whole to be beneficial for their development as academic writers, there is some evidence that students over-represented their learning in the class in their responses to the survey. Based on the data, the authors make several suggestions for improving student experience and outcomes in first-year writing courses at the College of the Bahamas.

  4. 低年级大学生网络成瘾及成瘾倾向状况调查%An epidemiological survey of internet addiction and internet addiction tendencies among junior college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵静; 齐玉龙; 梅翠竹

    2012-01-01

    目的:调查低年级大学生网络成瘾及成瘾倾向,了解其心理健康状况及所采取的应对方式,为大学生网络成瘾的早期干预提供依据.方法:分层抽取安徽某大学一、二年级大学生190名,使用、和进行自填式问卷调查.结果:调查对象网络成瘾检出率为5.3%,其中男生8.1%,女生3.9%,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);二年级为8.9%,高于一年级1.1%(P0.05);二年级为19.8%,高于一年级13.5%(P>0.05).网络成瘾组及倾向组与正常组比较,SCL-90总分及各因子分均高于正常组(P<0.01);在应对方式上,网络成瘾组与正常组在消极应对上差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),积极应对上差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:低年级大学生网络成瘾及倾向者心理健康水平较低,且倾向于使用消极的应对方式.%Objective: To explore the cunent status of internet addiction and addiction tendencies of junior college students, and to study the status of the irmental health and the coping styles, so as to provide the basis for the early intervention for junior college students. Methods: Using stratified cluster random sanpling method, 190 college students of Anhui Province were investigated with " CIAS-R"," Symptom Check Scale List-90" and" Trait Coping Style Questionnaire". Results: Among all students surveyed 5. 3% of intemet users were diagnosed with internet addiction, including 8. 1% male students and 3. 9% female students. There was no significant difference between them(P >0. 05). It was higher in sophcmores(8. 9% ) than in freshmen(1. 1% ) (P 0. 05). There was 19. 8% of sophcmores, compared with 13. 5% of freshnen with no significance between them( P > 0. 05). Intemet addiction group and addiction tendency group, compared with normal group had significant differences in the total scores of all factors of SCL-90(P 0.05). Conclusions: internet addiction and addiction tendencies anong junior college students have lowermental healti and tend to use the

  5. Exploring snacking habits of college students

    OpenAIRE

    Hanania, Jihane W.

    1989-01-01

    Previous research has revealed that adolescents have the highest prevalence of unsatisfactory nutritional status and unstructured eating patterns. They also recognized the importance of snacks in the eating habits of this population group. The purpose of this study was to investigate the snacking habits of undergraduate college students, and their correlations with the populationâ s general eating practices and response to nutrition education Two hundred eighty four students taking a nutr...

  6. Exploring snacking habits of college students

    OpenAIRE

    Hanania, Jihane W.

    1989-01-01

    Previous research has revealed that adolescents have the highest prevalence of unsatisfactory nutritional status and unstructured eating patterns. They also recognized the importance of snacks in the eating habits of this population group. The purpose of this study was to investigate the snacking habits of undergraduate college students, and their correlations with the populationâ s general eating practices and response to nutrition education Two hundred eighty four students taking a nutr...

  7. Test Anxiety and College Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Jason M.; Lindstrom, Will; Foels, Patricia A.

    2014-01-01

    Test anxiety was examined in college students with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Results indicated that, relative to college students without ADHD, college students with ADHD reported higher total test anxiety as well as specific aspects of test anxiety, including worry (i.e., cognitive aspects of test anxiety) and…

  8. Test Anxiety and College Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Jason M.; Lindstrom, Will; Foels, Patricia A.

    2014-01-01

    Test anxiety was examined in college students with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Results indicated that, relative to college students without ADHD, college students with ADHD reported higher total test anxiety as well as specific aspects of test anxiety, including worry (i.e., cognitive aspects of test anxiety) and…

  9. Using Narrative Career Counseling with the Underprepared College Student

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Amber N.; Gibbons, Melinda M.; Mynatt, Blair

    2013-01-01

    An increasing number of students enter college underprepared. These students do not have the academic skills to take college-level courses and are placed in remedial classes. Career counseling can help underprepared college students make educated career decisions based on their current situations. This article explores the characteristics of…

  10. Examining Victimization and Psychological Distress in Transgender College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Effrig, Jessica C.; Bieschke, Kathleen J.; Locke, Benjamin D.

    2011-01-01

    Treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking transgender college students were examined with regard to victimization and psychological distress. Findings showed that transgender college students had elevated rates of distress as compared with college students who identified as men or women. Results indicated that treatment-seeking and non-treatment…

  11. Predicting the Social Commitments of College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavelle, Ellen; O'Ryan, Leslie W.

    2001-01-01

    Investigates the nature of social beliefs and commitments during the college years in relation to developmental orientations as measured by the Dakota Inventory of Student Orientations. Results support Creative-Reflective scale scores as predictive of commitment to the more humanitarian issues such as race and women's rights, whereas…

  12. The state ob the college students health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vovchenko I.I.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the problem of health worsening among people suffering from many different diseases. Young people make up risk group. The article highlights the health conditions of pedagogical and medical college students. Medical groups have been determined as well as the increasing tendency within special medical group.

  13. Functions of Marijuana Use in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Julie K.; Accordino, Michael P.; Hewes, Robert L.

    2010-01-01

    Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis that specific functional factors of marijuana use would predict past 30-day marijuana use in 425 college students more precisely than demographic variables alone. This hypothesis was confirmed. Functional factors of personal/physical enhancement as well as activity enhancement were…

  14. BASIC JAPANESE FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS. REVISED EDITION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIWA, TAMAKO; MATSUDA, MAYAKO

    THE 24 LESSONS IN THIS TEXT ARE DESIGNED FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS BEGINNING JAPANESE LANGUAGE STUDY. THE SELECTION OF VOCABULARY AND THE PRESENTATION OF GRAMMAR ARE DIRECTED TO THE GOAL OF ACQUIRING FACILITY IN SPEAKING RATHER THAN WRITING. FOR A READING TEXT RECOMMENDED FOR USE WITH THIS SPOKEN LANGUAGE TEXT, SEE HIBBETT AND ITSAKA "MODERN JAPANESE,…

  15. College Students in Transition: An Annotated Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foote, Stephanie M., Ed.; Hinkle, Sara M., Ed.; Kranzow, Jeannine, Ed.; Pistilli, Matthew D., Ed.; Miles, LaTonya Rease, Ed.; Simmons, Jannell G., Ed.

    2013-01-01

    The transition from high school to college is an important milestone, but it is only one of many steps in the journey through higher education. This volume is an annotated bibliography of the emerging literature examining the many other transitions students make beyond the first year, including the sophomore year, the transfer experience, and the…

  16. Counseling Style Preference of Chinese College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Exum, Herbert A.; Lau, Ester Ying-wah

    1988-01-01

    Conducted study to determine preferences of Cantonese-speaking Chinese college students (N=50) from Hong Kong attending a large midwestern university for either a directive or nondirective counseling approach to emotional adjustment problems. Results showed that subjects strongly preferred a directive counseling approach and attributed low…

  17. Functions of Marijuana Use in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Julie K.; Accordino, Michael P.; Hewes, Robert L.

    2010-01-01

    Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis that specific functional factors of marijuana use would predict past 30-day marijuana use in 425 college students more precisely than demographic variables alone. This hypothesis was confirmed. Functional factors of personal/physical enhancement as well as activity enhancement were…

  18. Female College Students' Perceptions of Organ Donation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boland, Kathleen; Baker, Kerrie

    2010-01-01

    The current process of organ donation in the U.S. relies on the premise of altruism or voluntary consent. Yet, human organs available for donation and transplant do not meet current demands. The literature has suggested that college students, who represent a large group of potential healthy organ donors, often are not part of donor pools. Before…

  19. Sociocritical Matters: Migrant Students' College Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez, Anne-Marie; Gildersleeve, Ryan Evely

    2016-01-01

    Migrant students face many educational, economic, social, and cultural challenges to college access. Anti-bilingual, anti-affirmative action, and anti-immigrant policies also constrain their postsecondary pathways. With these issues in mind, this article draws on quantitative and qualitative research to examine the influence of a residential…

  20. A Family Workshop for College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, Harold S.; Rubenstein, Gerald M.

    1978-01-01

    This one-day workshop for college students focused on feelings about families. A variety of exercises is presented, some dealing with families of origin and others with potential families in the future, and the feedback of participants is reported. (Author/DS)

  1. Gaps in Alzheimer's Knowledge among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eshbaugh, Elaine M.

    2014-01-01

    Despite the prevalence of the disease, it appears that there may be a need for increased education for formal and family caregivers of those with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. Today's college students will be asked to fill both of these roles in the future. This study examined the level of knowledge of Alzheimer's disease among…

  2. Deaf College Students' Perspectives on Literacy Portfolios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickerson, Jane Freiburg

    2003-01-01

    This study examined use of literacy portfolios in a college developmental English class in which students who are deaf assessed their reading comprehension, writing processes, and products. Assignments involved reflective thinking and were grounded in authentic tasks. Various field research techniques were used to ascertain the uses and influences…

  3. Characteristics Shaping College Student Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeBlanc, Cary J.

    2014-01-01

    This study explored the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) in relation to undergraduate college students. The extensive research on OCB within traditional work environments indicates that while workers who demonstrate OCB usually receive more favorable performance evaluations, those behaviors also help build community and culture…

  4. Career Identity among Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stringer, Kate J.; Kerpelman, Jennifer L.

    2014-01-01

    Career identity development is salient in adolescence and young adulthood, but little research has assessed career identity in populations other than four-year college students. Context should be considered when examining career identity, and to address this gap in the literature, the current study examined the extent to which parental support for…

  5. Community College Students Truly Live the Magic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shook, Stephanie

    2006-01-01

    This article talks about the Disney Theme Parks & Resorts College Program. The program attracts a variety of students each year from different backgrounds, major and career goals to the Walt Disney World Resort outside of Orlando, Florida, for a semester of living, learning and earning. The program has provided a foundation for thousands of…

  6. Physical Activity among Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Sarah J.; Sturts, Jill R.; Ross, Craig M.

    2015-01-01

    This exploratory study provides insight into the perceived physical activity levels of students attending a Midwestern 2-year community college. Over 60% of respondents were classified as overweight or obese based on a BMI measurement. The majority of respondents were not participating regularly in physical activity to gain any health benefits,…

  7. The Characteristics of College Students' Political Tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eliseev, S. M.; Ustinova, I. V.

    2011-01-01

    The great variety of interests and opinions in present-day society carries a priori the potential for conflict and tension, and this imparts timely relevance to the value of "tolerance" in political interactions among social groups and individuals. As a component of the social group of young people, college students are characterized by…

  8. Teaching College Students about the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergen, Timothy J., Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Proposes that college students and instructors become more future oriented by studying classical utopian thinkers, futurists, and science fiction based on societal projections and fantasized future technology. Contends that futurism raises philosophical questions of determinism and freedom, ethics, theology, and the nature of man. (DMM)

  9. Improving College Students' Attitudes toward Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodges, Charles B.; Kim, ChanMin

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of a treatment designed to improve college algebra students' attitudes toward mathematics. Keller's ARCS motivational design model was used as a guiding framework for the development of a motivational video, which was delivered online. The application of motivational design to improve…

  10. Food Follies: Food Safety for College Students

    OpenAIRE

    Osborne, Michelle

    2010-01-01

    This project involves the production and dissemination of a basic food storage and safety course geared toward college students. The course covers basic preparation, sanitation, proper cooking temperatures, chilling and storage, as well as common pathogens to be aware of. MALS

  11. Unplanned Pregnancy: A Dilemma for College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, Susan P.

    One of the major decisions college men and women face involves sexual behavior. A large proportion of students often choose to engage in premarital sexual activity and although birth control is usually available, unplanned pregnancy is still a threat. Couples (N=295) participated in a study to examine decision-making by unmarried undergraduate…

  12. Code switching for college students on campus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇

    2015-01-01

    <正>I.Introduction In linguistics,code-switching is the concurrent use of more than one language,or language variety,in discourse.Code-switching is a worldwide linguistic phenomenon existing in bilingual or multilingual communities.College students in China,after years of English learning,are bilingually competent underlying codeswitching between Chinese and English.Studies or research

  13. Loneliness and Irrational Beliefs among College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoglund, Collette L.; Collison, Brooke B.

    1989-01-01

    Investigated relationship between loneliness and irrational beliefs among 236 college students who completed the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale and the Irrational Beliefs Test (IBT). Results revealed three specific irrational beliefs (Dependency, Anxious Overconcern, and Frustration Reactivity) to be predictive of…

  14. Moral Perceptions of College Science Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, Eric

    This thesis argues that college-level science education is in need of explicit moral focuses centered on society's use of scientific knowledge. Many benefits come with scientific advancements but unfortunately the misuse of scientific knowledge has led to planetary crises that should be a concern for all who inhabit the Earth (e.g., climate change). The teaching of the misuses of science is often left out of college science classrooms and the purpose of this thesis is to see what effect college science students' education has had on their moral perception of these pressing issues. To evaluate how college science students morally perceive these global issues within their educational experiences, two focus group interviews were conducted and analyzed. Students converged on three themes when thinking of society's misuse of science: 1) there is something wrong with the way science is communicated between science and non-science groups; 2) misusing science for private benefit is not right, and 3) it is important for people to comprehend sustainability along different scales of understanding and action. This thesis concludes that although to some extent students were familiar with moral features that stem from society's misuse of science, they did not attribute their learning of those features from any of their required coursework within their programs of study.

  15. Gaps in Alzheimer's Knowledge among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eshbaugh, Elaine M.

    2014-01-01

    Despite the prevalence of the disease, it appears that there may be a need for increased education for formal and family caregivers of those with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. Today's college students will be asked to fill both of these roles in the future. This study examined the level of knowledge of Alzheimer's disease among…

  16. College Students' Intercultural Competence and Interethnic Tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karnyshev, A. D.; Karnysheva, O. A.; Ivanova, E. A.

    2014-01-01

    Data from studies of interethnic tolerance among college students in Russia show that positive or negative attitudes toward other ethnic groups is a factor of both personal characteristics and experience of and access to other groups. Levels of tolerance in turn are associated with different levels of interest in other groups and in building…

  17. Female College Students' Perceptions of Organ Donation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boland, Kathleen; Baker, Kerrie

    2010-01-01

    The current process of organ donation in the U.S. relies on the premise of altruism or voluntary consent. Yet, human organs available for donation and transplant do not meet current demands. The literature has suggested that college students, who represent a large group of potential healthy organ donors, often are not part of donor pools. Before…

  18. Characteristics of Female College Student Drug Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traub, Stuart H.

    1983-01-01

    Examined female college students' (N=466) drug use, marihuana use in particular. Results indicated that the gap in marihuana usage patterns between females and males has substantially narrowed. Female marihuana users used other drugs quite extensively and had friends who use marihuana. Peer influence was a major factor in drug use. (JAC)

  19. Red-Shirting College Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trammell, Jack

    2009-01-01

    College and university students with disabilities, both visible and invisible, must deal with what sociologist Erving Goffman called information management; they must control and protect their stigmatized identity by considering who to tell what, how much to tell, and when to tell. A growing body of stigma-related educational research, as well as…

  20. Decreasing Math Anxiety in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Andrew B.

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the phenomenon of mathematics anxiety in contemporary college and university students. Forms of math anxiety range from moderate test anxiety to extreme anxiety including physiological symptoms such as nausea. For each of several types of math anxiety, one or more case studies is analyzed. Selected strategies for coping with…

  1. Getting Inked: Tattoos and College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manuel, Laura; Sheehan, Eugene P.

    2007-01-01

    This study explores whether college students with tattoos or piercings demonstrate extreme personalities and behaviors. Participants were 46 men and 164 women (mean=20.0 years). Questions assessed participants' attitudes toward tattooing, presence of a tattoo, and participation in risk taking behaviors. Participants completed the Personality…

  2. Homesickness among American and Turkish College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carden, Ayse Ilgaz; Feicht, Ruth

    1991-01-01

    Cultural differences in homesickness were studied for 75 U.S. and 69 Turkish female first-year students attending a private U.S. liberal arts college for women in the southeast and a coeducational university in Istanbul, respectively. Some aspects of the experience of homesickness transcended cultural boundaries, but others were culture specific.…

  3. The Determinants of College Student Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero, Adam A.

    2010-01-01

    This study attempts to add to the college student dropout literature by examining persistence decisions at private, non-selective university using previously unstudied explanatory variables and advanced econometric methods. Three main contributions are provided. First, proprietary data obtained from a type of university that is underrepresented in…

  4. Physical Activity among Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Sarah J.; Sturts, Jill R.; Ross, Craig M.

    2015-01-01

    This exploratory study provides insight into the perceived physical activity levels of students attending a Midwestern 2-year community college. Over 60% of respondents were classified as overweight or obese based on a BMI measurement. The majority of respondents were not participating regularly in physical activity to gain any health benefits,…

  5. 河南某高校大学生营养KAP调查及干预效果%Nutrition KAP survey and evaluation of intervention effect of college students in Henan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙锦峰; 李星; 胡小靖; 张骏; 史健翔; 陈帅印; 时宝庆

    2011-01-01

    Aim:To know the nutrition knowledge, attitude and eating behavior of students on campus, evaluate the effect of nutrition education,and provide the basis for nutrition education. Methods; A total of 525 college students of a certain university in Henan province were recruited. The nutrition KAP survey was carried out. And professional nutrition education was conducted to 79 of the students that were randomly selected. Results: Nutrition knowledge of campus students was at average,and the awareness of nutrition was good, but there were bad eating behaviors. Dietary behaviors of students couples were influenced by each other, and most showed the positive influence. Girls' nutrition knowledge scores were higher than boys' ( t = 3. 077 , P = 0. 001 ) , and graduate and undergraduate students showed no difference in nutrition knowledge scores(t = 1.342.P =0. 180). After professional nutrition education, nutrition knowledge, awareness and eating behavior scores significantly improved (t =5.647 and 2. 802,P<0.05). Conclusion;The breadth and depth of nutritional knowledge that college students mastered are insufficient, eating behavior is not scientific,and college students should take various forms of nutrition knowledge and dietary behavior guide. Nutrition education for the students is effective.%目的:了解在校大学生的营养知识、态度及饮食行为(营养KAP),评价营养教育的效果,为开展大学生营养教育提供依据.方法:采用自编调查问卷,对河南某高校525名在校大学生进行营养KAP调查,并选取其中一个专业的79名学生进行营养教育.结果:在校大学生掌握的营养知识情况为一般;对营养的认知程度良好;但存在不良的饮食行为,大学生情侣的饮食行为相互影响,并且大部分呈现的是积极的影响;女生营养知识得分高于男生(t =3.077,P=0.001),研究生和本科生的营养知识得分无差异(t=1.342,P=0.180).经营养教育后大学生的营养知识、对

  6. Development and Validation of the College Mattering Inventory with Diverse Urban College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tovar, Esau; Simon, Merril A.; Lee, Howard B.

    2009-01-01

    The perceived impact of mattering is quite accepted in higher education yet has not been well measured with diverse college students. This article describes the development and validation of the College Mattering Inventory with community college and university students. Results and implications for faculty and student affairs professionals are…

  7. First-Generation College Students' Persistence at a Four-Year College: A Phenomenological Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holodick-Reed, Jocelyn A.

    2013-01-01

    First-generation college students differ in their backgrounds and experiences from other college students and are more likely to drop out of college than continuing-generation students (Ishitani & Snider, 2004; Lohfink & Paulsen, 2005). The purpose of this phenomenological case study was to describe the experiences of first-generation…

  8. Development and Validation of the College Mattering Inventory with Diverse Urban College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tovar, Esau; Simon, Merril A.; Lee, Howard B.

    2009-01-01

    The perceived impact of mattering is quite accepted in higher education yet has not been well measured with diverse college students. This article describes the development and validation of the College Mattering Inventory with community college and university students. Results and implications for faculty and student affairs professionals are…

  9. Report of the Security Survey at the University of Maryland at College Park. Executive Summary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, Mary Diederich; Markewich, Theodore S.

    The level of concern about security problems at the University of Maryland at College Park and the use of available security measures and services were investigated in May 1983. A randomly-selected sample of 764 students, 571 employees, and 31 campus police were surveyed. Higher response rates were obtained from women than from men, and from…

  10. Educational Plant Survey: Manatee Community College, March 20-24, 1995.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, Ruth S.; Bullock, Thomas K.

    Pursuant to Florida educational legislation, this report presents findings of an educational plant survey conducted in March 1995 at Manatee Community College (MCC). The report is designed to aid the formulation of plans for housing the educational program, student population, faculty, administrators, staff, and auxiliary and ancillary services of…

  11. Hispanic College Students Library Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumley, Risa; Newman, Eric; Brown, Haakon T.

    2015-01-01

    This study looks at undergraduate Hispanic students' interpretations and current perceptions of the academic library's purpose, usefulness and value. What are the reasons to use the library? What are the barriers to use? This study will examine academic libraries' move toward electronic library materials and what it means for Hispanic students.…

  12. Transfer Student Questionnaire: Results of 1973 Survey. Special Report 74-5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holahan, Carole K.; Kelley, H. Paul

    To obtain a demographic description of University of Texas at Austin (U.T. Austin) transfer students, to investigate transfer students' evaluations of the university and of their previous college, and to compare transfer students with non-transfer undergraduate students, 1,365 responses to a questionnaire were analyzed. The survey explored student…

  13. College of the Canyons Nursing Alumni Surveys, Spring 2001. Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meuschke, Daylene M; Dixon, P. Scott; Gribbons, Barry C.

    In the summer of 2001, College of the Canyons (California) conducted of study of registered nursing (RN) and licensed vocational nursing (LVN) alumni, as well as their employers, to assess satisfaction with the preparation and training they received through the College's nursing programs. Out of the 89 invited nursing alumni, 33 surveys were…

  14. Skipping breakfast adversely affects menstrual disorders in young college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujiwara, Tomoko; Sato, Natsuyo; Awaji, Hiroyo; Sakamoto, Hiroko; Nakata, Rieko

    2009-01-01

    In the present study we conducted a questionnaire survey to examine the relationship between dietary habits and menstrual disorders in young women. Subjects were recruited from 315 college students and were classified as: Group I, eating breakfast; Group II, skipping breakfast; Group III, not eating fast foods; Group IV, eating fast foods; Group V, not eating processed foods; and Group VI, eating processed foods. The intensity of dysmenorrhea was scored using three grades. All participants were further divided into groups based on having regular or irregular menstruation, having premenstrual symptoms or not, and self-perception of good or poor general health. General health was poor in Groups II and VI, and dysmenorrhea scores were high in Groups II, IV and VI. The incidence of irregular menses was also high in Group II. However, there was no apparent relation between premenstrual symptoms and dietary habits. These findings suggest that skipping breakfast adversely affects menstrual disorders in young college students.

  15. Survey on Nutritional Status of Medical College Students and Analysis of the Influencing Factors%医科大学生营养状况调查与影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚秋妹; 郝丽萍

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the nutritional status of medical college students and analyze the impact factors, and to provide the evidence for promoting the health of medical college students. Methods With cluster random sampling, 400 medical college students were selected for a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire included seven aspects, general situation, nutritional knowledge survey, nutrition attitude, behavior and habit survey, nutrition and health status survey, physical activity survey, dietary frequency survey and dietary nutrition survey. The respondents' nutrient intakes were evaluated according to the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2007). Body mass index was used to assess the nutritional situation of the students. Chi - square test was adopted in the analysis. Results Among 400 medical college students, the ratios of students whose intakes of three major energy nutrients (protein, fat, and carbohydrate) were less than 80% RNI (recommended nutrient intake) were 74. 16%, 94. 74%, 85. 17% in boys and 62. 3%, 93. 72%, 90.05% in girls; those of calcium, iron, zinc were 90.43%, 62.2%, 83.73% in boys and 90.05%, 70. 16%, 63.87% in girls; those of vitamin A, B1, B2, PP, C were 81.82%, 88.04%, 87.56%, 66.99%, 87.56% in boys and 69.87%, 87.96%, 74.35%, 58.12%, 80.63% in girls. The factors included sex (χ2 =47.935, P = 0.000), per capita income of family per mouth (χ2 = 11.58, P = 0.021), monthly living expenses at school (χ2= 6.636, P = 0.036), monthly expenses for food at school (χ2 = 6.245, P = 0.044), time for exercise (χ2 = 12.55, P = 0. 002), exercise intensity (χ2 =7. 804, P = 0. 020), father's educational level (χ2 = 2. 851, P = 0.240), mother's educational level (χ2 =3.221, P = 0.200), nutritional knowledge possessed by respondents (χ2 = 1.803, P = 0.614). Conclusions A certain proportion of medical college students lacked total energy, and the nutrient intakes, including protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamin and trace elements did not

  16. The Employers IV: A Survey of Employers Who Have Hired Career Program Graduates of Montgomery Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Robert L.; Armstrong, David F.

    In a survey of 374 career curriculum graduates of Montgomery Community College in 1976, 280 indicated they were working in jobs related to their college programs. Of these, 225 (80%) gave employer names and addresses and permission to contact them. Questionnaires drew responses of 159 employers to questions about skill levels of students, employee…

  17. Bowie State University Student Support Services Admitted Student Survey 1991.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Wanda E.

    TRIO programs offer support services to students beginning at the 7th grade and continuing through to graduate school. Student Support Services projects provide instruction, tutoring, counseling, learning skills, and writing skills to primarily low income and first generation or disabled college students. Student Support Services projects are…

  18. College Student Attitudes Toward Marijuana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amo, Michael F.; Bittner, John R.

    1970-01-01

    Questionnaire attempts to determine attitudes in effort to learn how students perceive danger, or lack of it, in the use of marihuana. Tabulated responses are presented, and while no conclusions are drawn several interpretations are suggested. (Author/CJ)

  19. Addictive Behavior Interventions Among College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffries, Emily R; Lemke, Austin W; Shah, Sonia M; Dean, Kimberlye E; Richter, Ashley A; Buckner, Julia D

    2016-12-01

    Addictive behaviors among college students are a significant public health concern. This manuscript reviews the past two years of literature on prevention and treatment approaches for college students who engage in addictive behaviors. In-person skills-based interventions and motivational interventions that incorporate personalized feedback are effective in the short-term but little support was found for long-term effects. Although web-based interventions reduced certain addictive behaviors (e.g., alcohol, problematic gambling), in-person interventions that include motivational interviewing components and personalized feedback appear to be more efficacious. Research has largely focused on alcohol and little is known about the utility of interventions for students who use tobacco or illicit substances or who engage in problematic gambling. Research on interventions for these high-risk behaviors is recommended.

  20. 2008 Key Student Outcomes Indicators for BC Diploma, Associate Degree, and Certificate Programs: Survey Results by Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The BC Diploma, Associate Degree, and Certificate Student Outcomes (DACSO) Survey (formerly the BC College and Institute Student Outcomes Survey) collects and disseminates information about former students' post-secondary experiences and their subsequent labour market and further education experiences. The survey is administered annually to former…

  1. 2008 Key Student Outcomes Indicators for BC Diploma, Associate Degree, and Certificate Programs: Survey Results by Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The BC Diploma, Associate Degree, and Certificate Student Outcomes (DACSO) Survey (formerly the BC College and Institute Student Outcomes Survey) collects and disseminates information about former students' post-secondary experiences and their subsequent labour market and further education experiences. The survey is administered annually to former…

  2. 河南省普通高校大学生体育生活方式的调查及其优化策略%Survey and Optimization Strategy of College Students'Sports Lifestyle in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海龙

    2014-01-01

    文章通过文献资料法、数理统计法、问卷调查法等研究方法对河南省大学生体育生活方式的现状进行探讨,进而提出优化策略,希望能够提高学生的体质健康水平,从而建立健康、文明的体育生活方式,为终身体育奠定基础。%This paper discusses the current situation of college and university students 'sports lifestyle in Henan province through the method of literature review , mathematical statistics , questionnaire survey and other research methods, and then put forward the optimization strategy .The main purpose is to improve the students'physical health level , and help them to establish healthy and civilized sports lifestyle , and lay a foundation for lifetime sports.

  3. Cornell College Students Achieve the Highly Improbable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ault, Addison

    2000-11-01

    On Tuesday, March 14, 2000, at Cornell College, Mount Vernon, Iowa, two students who prepared the photochromic compound 2-(2,4-dinitrobenzyl)pyridine obtained their product as a single crystal, one weighing 864 mg and the other 891 mg. As far as we know, this has happened only once before, also at Cornell College in Iowa. The web version of this paper includes a time-lapse video of the photochromic conversion in which the original brown-sugar brown crystals turn into the blue-jeans blue form under the influence of the photographer's floodlight.

  4. Using the Big Ideas in Cosmology to Teach College Students

    CERN Document Server

    McLin, Kevin M; Metevier, Anne J; Coble, Kimberly; Bailey, Janelle M

    2013-01-01

    Recent advances in our understanding of the Universe have revolutionized our view of its structure, composition and evolution. However, these new ideas have not necessarily been used to improve the teaching of introductory astronomy students. In this project, we have conducted research into student understanding of cosmological ideas so as to develop effective web-based tools to teach basic concepts important to modern cosmology. The tools are intended for use at the introductory college level. Our research uses several instruments, including open-ended and multiple choice surveys conducted at multiple institutions, as well as interviews and course artifacts at one institution, to ascertain what students know regarding modern cosmological ideas, what common misunderstandings and misconceptions they entertain, and what sorts of materials can most effectively overcome student difficulties in learning this material. These data are being used to create a suite of interactive, web-based tutorials that address the ...

  5. What We Need: The 2012 NASA EPO Forum Survey on Two-Year College STEM Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, R.; CoBabe-Ammann, E.; Schultz, G.

    2014-07-01

    A survey of community college STEM faculty, administered by the NASA SMD Higher Education Working Group (HEWG), was administered in fall 2012 in an effort to document the demographic make-up and views of community college faculty who teach NASA science-related STEM courses in astronomy, physics, Earth science, and engineering. Nearly half of respondents reported that less than 10% of students in their classroom are “STEMward bound” and indicated the need for STEM resources that can relate science course content and be relevant to the daily life of their students. A number of respondents also noted a new or renewed emphasis on outreach activities within the community served by their institution as part of their job description. The survey suggests specific directions and ways that the NASA SMD EPO forum can support two-year college stakeholders.

  6. Relative deprivation and psychopathology of Chinese college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jie; Tao, Mengke

    2013-09-25

    Previous researchers have studied the relationship between mental disorder and major demographic variables, but the study on the relationship between relative poverty or relative deprivation, a subjectively perceived status in comparison with people around, and psychopathology is rare. Data for this study were obtained from a survey research conducted on a university campus in Beijing China, between 2007 and 2011, with a total of 5925 college students who participated in the surveys over the past five years. According to the Strain Theory of suicide we hypothesized that the stronger the relative deprivation, the higher the level of depression for the students and the higher the degree of suicidal ideation the students would experience. Findings indicated that relative deprivation is significantly correlated with suicidal ideation, positively related with depression and negatively related to social support. It is proposed that reduction of psychological strains might be an effective procedure to reduce college students' psychopathology and increase their positive psychological feelings such as self-perceived social support. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Family and College Environmental Exposures Mediate the Relationship between Parental Education and Depression among College Students

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Background Depression is a major health concern for college students due to its substantial morbidity and mortality. Although low parental education has been identified as a factor in depression in college students, the mechanisms through which parental educational achievement affects students’ depression are not well understood. We tested whether adverse family and college environments mediate the relationship between parental educational level and depression among Chinese college students. ...

  8. A survey on 2988 male college students reproductive healthy situation%某高校2988名男性大学生生殖健康状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨术明; 蔡安康; 贺敬文

    2015-01-01

    Objectives:To study the development of male reproductive organs of college students and col-lege students’awareness of their own male reproductive health care,in order to provide a theoretical basis for the health education in colleges and universities.Methods:31 57 male freshmen were randomly selected to conduct a questionnaire survey and physical examination.Results: 2988 questionnaires were collected:1 9.34% of them paid high attention to male health (knew much),followed by 23.1 5% (paid common attention,know a little)and 57.51 % (paid no attention,know nothing).According to the physical examination,there were redundant prepuce of 1 486 people, phimosis of 228 people,varicocele of 1 37 people,concealed penis of 1 03 people,lower penis bending deformity of 69 people,hypospadias of 6 people,cryptorchidism of 1 1 people and testicular tumor of 1 peo-ple.Conclusion:The reproductive health condition of contemporary male college students is not optimistic,and most of the students lack awareness of their status of reproductive health and the harm.The reproductive health edu-cation in colleges and universities should be strengthened as well as the examination of reproductive system in the freshman entrance physical examination.%目的:了解在校大学生男性生殖器官的发育情况以及大学生对自身男性生殖保健的认识,为高校健康教育提供理论依据。方法:随机抽取某高校大一男性新生3157人,同时进行问卷调查及查体,结果:3157人调查中,收回问卷2988份,对男性保健认识高度重视(了解很多)者占19.34%,一般重视(了解一点)者占23.15%,不重视(不了解)者占57.51%。体检结果包皮过长者1486人,包茎者228人,精索静脉曲张者137人,隐匿阴茎者103人,阴茎下弯畸形者69人,尿道下裂者6人,隐睾者11人,睾丸肿瘤1人。结论:当代男性大学生生殖健康状况极不乐观,多数学生对自己的生殖健

  9. Survey an knowledge, attitude, practice related to contraception among college students in Beijing%北京市大学生避孕知识、态度、行为现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周远忠; 张枚枚; 魏晟; 官黄涛; 尹平; 任宁; 庞雪冰; 熊承良

    2009-01-01

    目的 了解北京市在校大学生避孕知识、态度、行为及影响因素.方法 采用定量研究方法,根据知情同意原则选择12 450名未婚大学生进行匿名问卷调查.结果 共回收12 129份有效问卷,其中女生的避孕相关知识知晓率高于男生,差异有统计学意义(P=0.000).赞成未婚同居及性解放的比率男生分别为81.9%和60.2%,女生分别为74.8%和54.3%;74.3%的男生和24.9%的女生有性自慰史,18.4%的男生和10.5%女生承认发生过婚前性行为;在有性行为的学生中,29.4%的男生曾导致性伴意外妊娠,23.1%的女生发生过意外妊娠;在对以上知识的态度和行为中男女生间的差异均有统计学意义(意外妊娠P=0.004,其余P=0.000).在首次性行为中使用避孕措施的男生和女生均为51.3%;没有使用避孕药具的主要原因是性行为没有计划而未备避孕药具,认为使用麻烦、影响情趣及认为偶尔性行为不会导致怀孕.结论 大学生未婚性行为发生率呈日益上升趋势,未婚性行为中避孕药具使用率低,意外妊娠发生率高,亟需在大学生中加强避孕知识的宣传.%Objective To understand the current status and relative factors on knowledge, attitude, practice to contraception among college students in Beijing and to provide evidence for developing aimed contraceptive service and education in colleges. Methods Quantitative surveys were employed, questionnaire was conducted anonymously among 12 450 unmarried college students under informed consent. Results Among 12 129 students, acknowledgement of contraceptive knowledge among females was superior to males in college(P=0.000). Rates on the favor for unmarried sexual practice and 'sexual liberation' were 81.9% and 60.2% for males, comparing to 74.8% and 54.3% for females respectively. The prevalence rates for masturbation were 74.3% for males and 24.9% for females respectively. 18.4% of the male and 10.5% of the female students had ever

  10. 新疆高校大学生创业意识形成的关键因素探析%Survey of Key Factors of Formation of College Students' Entrepreneurial Awareness in Chinese Frontier Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘明明; 吴雅丽

    2014-01-01

    文章以549份新疆高校大学生创业意识调查问卷数据为依据,运用有序 Probit 模型,探究影响边疆大学创业意识形成的关键因素。结果表明:个人特质是大学生自主创业意识形成的关键,家庭教养、学校教育和社会环境通过影响大学生个体特质,对大学生自主创业意识也有显著影响。性别差异、创业自我效能感、家庭所在地、家庭是否经商、家庭是否支持创业、学校是否要求大学生书写创业计划书、学校对大学生创业培训经费支持、大学生的就业形势以及社会对自主创业优惠政策对边疆大学生创业意识形成的影响系数较大,是大学生自主创业意识培养过程中应该重点关注的因素。%This article analyzes the key factors of formation of the college students' entrepreneurial awareness with the method of Probit model after surveying 549 questionnaires from 6 universities in Xinjiang. The results show that personal qualities are the key to the formation of entrepreneurial awareness. Family cultivation,school education and social environment also have a significant impact on the college students' entrepreneurial awareness by influencing the student's personal qualities. Gender differences,venture self-efficacy,family location are also important factors. Besides,whether the family does business,whether the family supports entrepreneurship,whether schools require students to write a business plan,whether the school provides supporting funds for entrepreneurship, employment situation and privilege policies of society also play important parts,which shows that they are important factors to be paid attention to.

  11. College-Bound Students: A Study of the Relationship between Religiosity/Spirituality, and Achievement in Christian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, William S.

    2016-01-01

    The achievement gap between private and public school college-bound students has continued to widen each year since 1972. The researcher studied the relationship of Christian school college-bound students' religiosity/spirituality using a validated survey instrument and their achievement as measured on the Scholastic Aptitude Test. The literature…

  12. Guiding Math Students to Campus Services: An Impact Evaluation of the Beacon Program at South Texas College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visher, Mary; Butcher, Kristin F.; Cerna, Oscar S.

    2011-01-01

    This research rigorously evaluates whether a low-cost intervention can improve students' performance in developmental math. The "Beacon Mentoring Program" was developed at South Texas College by professors, administrators, and staff at the college. Surveys of students revealed that many did not have someone on campus whom they felt they…

  13. Evaluative Concerns and Personal Standards Perfectionism as Predictors of Body Dissatisfaction in Asian and European American Female College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Edward C.; Yu, Tina; Chang, Olivia D.; Jilani, Zunaira

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: The present study examined perfectionism (viz, evaluative concerns and personal standards) and ethnicity as predictors of body dissatisfaction in female college students. Participants: Participants were 298 female college students sampled by December of 2013. Methods: A self-report survey with measures of body dissatisfaction,…

  14. Comparison of Race-Gender, Urban-Suburban Criminal Justice College Students Satisfaction of the Police Department

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verga, Christopher; Murillo, Leo; Toulon, Errol D.; Morote, Elsa-Sofia; Perry, S. Marshall

    2016-01-01

    This quantitative study explored criminal justice college students' satisfaction with the police. 176 college students in Suffolk County, Long Island and New York City participated in a survey. The study examined the extent to which satisfaction with the local police department differs by location (urban and suburban), gender (female and male),…

  15. College Student Internet Use: Convenience and Amusement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Genevieve M. Johnson

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Four hundred five college students completed a questionnaire that assessed patterns of Internet use. Results describe college students, with rare exception, as Internet users. The vast majority of college students frequently communicate online and access websites. While an Internet game experience is typical, relatively few college students are heavy online gamers. Overwhelmingly (i.e., 77.8%, college students conceptualized the Internet as a convenience, although 17.8% considered the Internet a source of amusement. Approximately 5% of college students reported negative perceptions of the Internet (frustrating or a waste of time. Principal component analysis revealed three patterns of online behaviour; integrated-Internet-use, games-only use, and dating-only use. Implications for online instructional practice are presented. Résumé : Quatre cent cinq étudiants du niveau collégial ont répondu à un questionnaire mesurant leurs tendances de l’utilisation d’Internet. Les résultats présentent ces étudiants comme des usagers d’Internet, à quelques exceptions près. La grande majorité de ces étudiants utilisent fréquemment les outils de communication en ligne et naviguent sur Internet. Alors qu’une expérience de jeu en ligne s’avère commune, peu d’étudiants du collège s’avèrent être des joueurs en ligne excessifs. Essentiellement (c.à-d. 77,8 %, ces étudiants perçoivent Internet comme une commodité, même si 17,8 % d’entre eux le considère comme une source d’amusement. Environ 5 % ont indiqué des perceptions négatives d’Internet (frustrations ou pertes de temps. L’analyse en composantes principales a révélé 3 tendances de comportements en ligne, l’utilisation intégrée d’Internet, l’utilisation seule de jeux et l’utilisation à des fins de rencontre seulement. On présente des conséquences pour la pratique de l’enseignement en ligne.

  16. Awareness of heart disease among female college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz, Laura R; Etnyre, Annette; Adams, Melinda; Herbers, Sharon; Witte, Amy; Horlen, Cheryl; Baynton, Sally; Estrada, Rosanna; Jones, Mary Elaine

    2010-12-01

    Awareness of heart disease as the leading cause of death in women has increased over the past 10 years, but little is known about the awareness level of college students. This study evaluated the level of awareness and knowledge of heart disease in women among college students. Using a cross-sectional design, a sample of 320 women from a private university was queried. A 13-item survey assessed demographic information and awareness of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The mean age was 23 years; the majority were single and of Hispanic ethnicity. Almost one third believed breast cancer was the greatest problem facing women. One half recognized CVD as the leading cause of death among women. Students aged 18-24 years were significantly less likely to identify heart disease/heart attack as the leading cause of death in women compared with students aged 25-34 years. Significant ethnic differences in perceptions of risk were found. Family history and obesity were seen as major contributors to CVD; less than a fourth ever discussed CVD with their healthcare provider. Information was gained primarily from television, magazines, and the Internet. Exercise and maintenance of healthy blood pressure were viewed as priorities in prevention of CVD. Results add to the body of research on CVD risk and the need for intervention to increase awareness and knowledge of heart disease risk among younger and ethnically diverse young women and raises questions about the role of colleges and universities in promotion of student health. Colleges and universities may provide the last opportunity to reach youth as a group to affect lifestyle changes.

  17. 某医学院校新生油性皮肤者面部蠕形螨感染调查%Survey of facial Demodex infection among medical college students with oily skin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田新利

    2011-01-01

    Aim To survey the current status of Demodex infections in Xingtai Medical College students with oily skin.Methods Transparent adhesive tape was used for survey of Demodex infection in students of Xintai Medical College.Results A total of 804 students were surveyed and 306 students were with oily skin,accounted for 38.3% .The total infection rate of Demodex was 34.4%(106/308). The infection of Demodex folliculorum accounted for 50.9%(54/ 106) was higher than that of Demodex brevis(20.8%,22/106)(P<0.01, )and mixed infection occupied 28.3%(30/106). Conclusion Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis infection predominated in students and preventive and control measures be taken.%目的 调查某医学院校新生油性皮肤者面部人体蠕形螨的感染情况,并分析人体蠕形螨感染的影响因素,为特定人群蠕形螨的防治提供依据.方法 对部分新生进行问卷调查,并对油性皮肤者面部蠕形螨的感染进行检查,采用透明胶带粘贴过夜法查螨虫.胶带置于光镜下检查,阳性片计数虫数并进行虫种鉴定.结果 共调查804名学生,其中油性皮肤者308名,占38.3%.油性皮肤者面部蠕形螨感染情况如下,总感染率为34.4%(106/308),单纯毛囊蠕形螨感染占50.9%(54/106),单纯皮脂蠕形螨感染占20.8%(22/106),二者差异有统计学意义(χ2=21.0,P<0.01),混合感染占28.3%(30,106).轻度感染占94.3%(100/106).鼻侧感染54.7%(58,106)较额部47.1%(50/106)、鼻尖35.8%(38/106)高,前二者与鼻尖差异有统计学意义(χ2=7.61,P<0.01).结论 该校新生油性皮肤者人体蠕形螨普遍,但以轻度感染为主,毛囊蠕形螨感染高于皮脂蠕形螨,感染以鼻侧、额部为主,感染与生活习惯有关.

  18. General Dissociation Scale and Hypnotizability with African American College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapp, Marty; Hitchcock, Kim

    The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of the General Dissociation Scale with African American college students, and provide additional data on how to assess hypnotizability with these students. Two-hundred and two undergraduate African American college students participated in this study. Students completed the HGSHS:A, a measure…

  19. Fulfilling Educational Aspirations: Latino Students' College Information Seeking Patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Sylvia; Cervera, Yesenia Lucia

    2012-01-01

    A nationally representative sample of high school students is used to examine where students go for college information and how those information sources affect the number of schools to which students apply. Results show that Latino/a students are least likely to access college sources and have applied to the fewest number of schools. Among…

  20. Yes, No, Maybe So: College Students' Attitudes Regarding Debt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zerquera, Desiree D.; McGowan, Brian L.; Ferguson, Tomika L.

    2016-01-01

    We examined college student attitudes regarding debt. Based on focus group interviews with 31 students from 4 different institutions within a Midwestern university system, data analysis yielded a continuum that captures students' debt approaches while enrolled in college. Findings indicate that students avoided debt completely, made intentional…