WorldWideScience

Sample records for survey-based provisional syllabus

  1. Provisional Multiculturalism

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Distinguishing between descriptive and normative conceptions of multiculturalism, I argue that multiculturalisms emerged historically to challenge dominant presumptions of demographic, social, and cultural homogeneity. Focusing on contrasting pictures in the US and South Africa, I map the historical curtailments of heterogeneities in each. I conclude by urging multicultural commitments as provisional to the establishment of robust social heterogeneities.

  2. Student Impressions of Syllabus Design: Engaging versus Contractual Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludy, Mary-Jon; Brackenbury, Tim; Folkins, John Wm; Peet, Susan H.; Langendorfer, Stephen J.; Beining, Kari

    2016-01-01

    This study compared student impressions of a text-rich contractual syllabus to a graphic-rich engaging syllabus. Students enrolled in sections of an undergraduate introductory nutrition course viewed either a contractual or engaging syllabus and completed a survey regarding their perceptions of the course and instructor. Students perceived both…

  3. Examination Syllabus Comparisons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallatratt, J. L.

    1983-01-01

    A study was conducted based on an analysis of computer study courses leading to CSE and 0-level examinations. Several findings are discussed and questions about future developments are raised. Syllabus content (including history, hardware, basic computer science, programming, applications, and implications), format, and examinations are among the…

  4. Syllabus in Trade Welding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

    The syllabus outlines material for a course two academic years in length (minimum two and one-half hours daily experience) leading to entry-level occupational ability in several welding trade areas. Fourteen units covering are welding, gas welding, oxyacetylene welding, cutting, nonfusion processes, inert gas shielded-arc welding, welding cast…

  5. Examination Syllabus Comparisons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallatratt, J. L.

    1983-01-01

    A study was conducted based on an analysis of computer study courses leading to CSE and 0-level examinations. Several findings are discussed and questions about future developments are raised. Syllabus content (including history, hardware, basic computer science, programming, applications, and implications), format, and examinations are among the…

  6. Evaluation of Notional-functional Syllabus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武亚琪

    2016-01-01

    Notional-functional syllabus is considered as the most popular syllabus among all the structure not simply because it is a semantically based syllabus. It takes the“notion”and“function”as the organizing principles. Organizing principles of sylla-bus design cannot solely depend on grammatical categories;it should take communicative considerations into account as well. Only by examining its pros and cons comprehensively, can we maximize its utility in our language classes.

  7. The Promising Syllabus Enacted: One Teacher's Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, Christine Courtade

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to describe a rationale and strategies for use of the Promising Syllabus (in Bain, 2004, What the best college teachers do). This syllabus reflects the learner-centered paradigm where students take charge of their own learning. The syllabus creates a series of promises between teacher and student, focusing on a…

  8. Educational Linguistics and College English Syllabus Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Ji-xin

    2016-01-01

    The direct application of linguistic theories to syllabus design gives rise to frequent change of syllabus type in the histo-ry of syllabus development, which makes language teachers feel difficult to adapt to, to adopt and to implement. The recognition and popularization of the new-born discipline educational linguistics servers as a method to ease the situation, especially in the college English syllabus design in China. The development and application of the fruitful achievements in educational linguis-tics is bound to provide us with a more scientific approach to syllabus design in the future.

  9. Best practices in syllabus writing: contents of a learner-centered syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Claire

    2006-01-01

    This article presents an overview of syllabus structure for faculty members and administrators who would like to develop and evaluate their syllabi. A brief overview about syllabus contents and a checklist is provided.

  10. The rationale for Business English Syllabus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭玉娣

    2016-01-01

    The syllabus is designed for a one-year business English course for 33 staff from Sino-Silicates Company.This rationale will analyse the arrangement of the syllabus from the following aspects:needs analysis,product-oriented,culture,in-class activity and material selection.

  11. A Syllabus designed for business English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭玉娣

    2016-01-01

    The syllabus is designed for a one-year business English course for 33 staff from Sino-Silicates Company.This rationale will analyse the arrangement of the syllabus from the following aspects:needs analysis,product-oriented,culture,in-class activity and material selection.

  12. The Interactive Syllabus: Modifications and New Insights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windham, Scott

    2008-01-01

    Scott Windham details his redesign of the interactive syllabus, a Web-based method of organizing course themes and assignments developed several years ago by Sylvie Richards. Windham suggests that reconceptualizing the interactive syllabus as an assignment guide, integrating both well-structured and ill-structured techniques into it, and using it…

  13. A Design Framework for Syllabus Generator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdous, M'hammed; He, Wu

    2008-01-01

    A well-designed syllabus provides students with a roadmap for an engaging and successful learning experience, whereas a poorly designed syllabus impedes communication between faculty and students, increases student anxiety and potential complaints, and reduces overall teaching effectiveness. In an effort to facilitate, streamline, and improve…

  14. Negotiating Your Syllabus: Building a Collaborative Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, David M.; Renard, Monika K.

    2015-01-01

    We provide instruction for engaging students in negotiating their course syllabus. In contrast to the common conceptualization of the syllabus as an instructor-determined contract, we involve our students in developing the collaborative contract under which they will be evaluated. We discuss our successful facilitation of this activity and how to…

  15. Analysis of Task-based Syllabus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马进胜

    2011-01-01

    Task-based language teaching is very popular in the modem English teaching.It is based on the Task-based Syllabus.Taskbased Syllabus focuses on the learners' communicative competence,which stresses learning by doing.From the theoretical assumption and definitions of the task,the paper analysizes the components of the task,then points out the merits and demerits of the syllabus.By this means the paper may give some tips to teachers and students when they use the tsk-based language teaching.

  16. SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON FOREIGN LANGUAGE SYLLABUS DESIGN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norica-Felicia BUCUR

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Studies and articles that focus on describing and classifying foreign language syllabuses are dominated by the product / process dichotomy. Nevertheless, this is not always the case, as there are authors who, apparently, use other criteria to produce their own taxonomy. Thus, this paper attempts to provide a brief chronological outline of the various descriptions found in the syllabus design literature, so that the principles underlying the proposed taxonomies could be identified and critical comparisons could be performed.

  17. 42 CFR 431.710 - Provisional licenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL ADMINISTRATION State Programs for Licensing Nursing Home Administrators § 431.710 Provisional licenses. To fill a position of nursing...

  18. A provisional guide to surface acclimatization

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Bredell, GAG

    1966-02-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info RR 16_66 A provisional guide to surface acclimatization COMRO 1966.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 23 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name RR 16_66 A provisional guide to surface...

  19. Smile design and advanced provisional fabrication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malone, Mike

    2008-05-01

    Cosmetic reconstruction is much more predictable when superb provisionals are used as a blueprint for the final restoration. This article provides details for a technique that can be used to fabricate indirect multilayered composite provisional restorations for porcelain veneers and complex full-arch cases.

  20. Designing an Afrikaans (third language communicative syllabus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Rousseau

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available When the new communicative syllabuses for Afrikaans as a third language were introduced in the primary schools in Transkei the problem arose: the teachers who had to implement the syllabuses were not trained in the communicative approach. A communicative syllabus had to be designed for teacher training colleges to train teachers in the methodology as well as improve their proficiency in Afrikaans. This paper describes the needs analysis that was conducted as the basis for the syllabus and gives an outline of the syllabus that was designed. Toe die nuwe kommunikatiewe sillabusse ~n Afrikaans as 'n derde taal in die primere skole in Transkei ingevoer is, het dit tot die volgende ernstige probleme gelei: Die onderwys~rs wat die nuwe sillabusse moes gebruik was nie opgelei in die kommunikatiewe benadering nie. 'n Kommunikatiewe sillabus moes dus ontwerp word in die onderwyserskolleges om die onderwysers in die metodologie op te lei sowel as om hulle taalvaardigheid in Afrikaans te verbeter. Hierdie artikel beskryf die behoefte-analise wat as 'n basis in die sillabus gedien het en beskryf in bree trekke die sillabus wat ontwerp is.

  1. Critique of an Existing Language Syllabus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘可

    2013-01-01

    This article is intended for exploration and critique of some issues of the syllabus for Certificate in English for Business. The issues examined are what ideologies are behind the design, what types of the syllabus are and whether it is likely to develop the communicative competence. In addition, the comparison between the learning outcomes and objectives of the education pro⁃gram is also included. Next, the process-oriented syllabus which is different from the category of the teaching plan is taken into consideration as well. Finally, minor problems on whether the design is likely to meet the learners’needs and motivate the learn⁃ers, whether it is likely for the teacher to the implement the plan are covered, being discussed briefly.

  2. Recommended ACS Syllabus for Introductory Courses in Polymer Chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seymour, Raymond B.

    1982-01-01

    Provides syllabus for courses in introductory polymer chemistry (including major topics and recommended time allotments) and currently available textbooks and audio courses which may be used with the syllabus. Syllabus topics are congruent with those used in American Chemical Society (ACS) standardized examination in polymer chemistry. (Author/JN)

  3. University Mathematics Education, Competencies and the Fighting of Syllabusitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Tomas

    2016-01-01

    Syllabusitis is a name for a disease that consists of identifying the mastering of a subject with proficiency related to a syllabus. In this paper I argue that using a set of mathematical competencies as the hub of mathematics education can be a means to fight syllabusitis. The introduction and t...

  4. Diversified Approaches and Current Trends of Syllabus Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳亦诗

    2015-01-01

    <正>1.What is Syllabus Design According Nunan(2004),syllabus design is essentially concerned with the selection and grading of content,methodology with selecting and sequencing appropriate learning experience and evaluation with appraising learners and determining of the curriculum as a whole.Thus syllabus design has vital importance for the implication of the curriculum.

  5. Adhesives; A Base Syllabus on Wood Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastern Kentucky Univ., Richmond.

    Prepared by participants in the 1968 National Defense Education Act Institute on Wood Technology, this syllabus is one of a series of basic outlines designed to aid college level industrial arts instructors in improving and broadening the scope and content of their programs. The guide is divided into three sections, the first of which deals with…

  6. Not Changing English: Syllabus Reform at Oxford

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Deborah

    2012-01-01

    This article offers a personal view of the reform of the undergraduate English syllabus which is soon to come into effect at Oxford University. The particular example is analysed in relation to two more general developments: on one hand, changing conceptions of the place and purpose of language study in the discipline of English, and on the other,…

  7. The Genre of Syllabus in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afros, Elena; Schryer, Catherine F.

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the genre of syllabus in higher education. In particular, it focuses on the intertextuality and interdiscursivity of paper-based and web-mediated syllabi and the ways they are used to promote links between various academic--classroom and research--genres and discourse communities. The corpus consists of ten syllabi with…

  8. Syllabus for Use in Imperial Chinese History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husum, Carol

    This syllabus is for a one semester course in the history of Imperial China, a study of the development of the world's oldest civilization still in existence. Emphasis is placed upon the cultural as well as the political and economic development of China until 1644. Major topics in the course outline are: 1) The Origins and Geography of China; 2)…

  9. Philosophy 323, Readings in Asian Thought. Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurdle, Burton G., Jr.

    A survey course syllabus of Asian philosophy is presented. For each period of dates in the semester course, a reading assignment was made, discussion topics and questions proposed, and supplementary readings and sources suggested. The course focused on Indian philosophy, Buddhism and Hinduism, and Chinese philosophy, specifically Confucian…

  10. VSRR Provisional Drug Overdose Death Counts

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This data contains provisional counts for drug overdose deaths based on a current flow of mortality data in the National Vital Statistics System. National...

  11. Syllabus of Fundamentals of Business Economics

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Guía docente en inglés de la asignatura Fundamentos de Economía de la Empresa. Syllabus of the subject: Fundamentals of Business Economics. En el marco de las ayudas para la preparación de materiales docentes en inglés del Servei de Política Llingüística de la Universidad de Alicante.

  12. Evaluating task-based syllabus for EFL learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luu, Hoang Mai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This research is an evaluation of the effectiveness of task-based syllabus on EFL learners’ language competence at a private university in Vietnam educational context. This research resorts to questionnaire survey, semi-structured interview, and pretest and posttest as instruments for data collection. The research findings revealed that a strength of the current task-based syllabus is the match between lesson topics and students’ expectations. However, the syllabus still created difficulties for students including insufficient vocabulary, unfamiliar structures, and lack of life knowledge. The effect of teaching with task-based syllabus on students’ language performance is also reflected through a significant difference in mean scores between the pretest and the posttest. This research provides an insight into the effectiveness of English teaching through task-based syllabus at a private university in Vietnam setting. It implies to teachers that they need to be sustainable change catalysts for more interesting syllabus for learners

  13. Curriculum or syllabus: which are we reforming?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Julian L.; McDonald, Seonaidh

    2001-03-01

    Although the concept of 'curriculum' is complex, a common understanding of the term by those involved in medical education is essential, given the current climate of medical curriculum development and reform. It has not previously been established that such a common frame of reference exists. We polled a sample of medical educators with a range of teaching experience and responsibility in an attempt to discover what they understood by 'curriculum' (and whether or not the concept could be articulated). A sample of medical students was similarly polled. In total, 85% of staff and 34.9% of the students responded. The responses obtained were subjected to a content analysis. The answers received were polythematic in 87.5% of cases, dominant themes including 'curriculum as a syllabus', 'curriculum as a meta-syllabus', and 'curriculum as a means to an end'. Our data show that the nature of curriculum is complex and does not lend itself to dictionary-style definitions. Moreover, the majority of those polled view 'curriculum' in two-dimensional terms, tending to equate it to 'syllabus'. This may have significant implications for curriculum reform.

  14. A Study on Task-based Language Teaching Syllabus Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王振庆

    2013-01-01

      Task-based teaching syllabus becomes more and more popular in modern English teaching. It is widely used in the Eng⁃lish teaching from junior to senior high school and even to collage and university education. This paper is mainly studies the rele⁃vant research on task-based teaching syllabus and offers some tips on task-based syllabus design.

  15. Role of provisional restorations in endodontic therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jambai Sampathkumar Sivakumar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Root-canal treatment can be carried out in single visit in vital, non-infected teeth, eliminating the need for dressing and provisionalization. Many clinical cases with infected canals require dressing with antibacterial medicaments in a multivisit treatment in which effective provisionalization for different periods of time becomes mandatory. Successful root-canal treatment requires effective mechanical and chemical debridement, elimination of bacteria and pulp tissue remnants and proper canal shaping to facilitate effective obturation. Lack of satisfactory temporary restorations during endodontic therapy ranked second amongst the contributing factors in continuing pain after the commencement of treatment. This review aims to provide an overview of the materials used for provisionalization during and immediately after endodontic treatment.

  16. VSRR - Provisional monthly number of live births by state

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/vsrr/provisional-tables.htm Monthly provisional counts of births are provided by state of residence (50 states, District of...

  17. VSRR - Provisional monthly number of deaths by state

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/vsrr/provisional-tables.htm Monthly provisional counts of deaths and infant deaths are provided by state of residence (50 states,...

  18. Bacterial adhesion of porphyromonas gingivalis on provisional fixed prosthetic materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Zortuk

    2010-01-01

    Conclusion : The quantity of bacterial adhesion and surface roughness differed among the assessed provisional fixed prosthodontic materials. The light-polymerized provisional material Revotek LC had rougher surface and more bacterial adhesion compared with the others.

  19. VSRR - Quarterly provisional estimates for infant mortality

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Provisional estimates of infant mortality (deaths of infants under 1 year per 1,000 live births), neonatal mortality (deaths of infants aged 0-27 days per 1,000 live...

  20. The Syllabus as a Communication Document: Constructing and Presenting the Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Blair

    2007-01-01

    This interpretive study explored the communicative strategies teachers employ when constructing and presenting course syllabi to overcome challenges teachers face surrounding the syllabus. Data included 13 classroom observations, 19 teacher interviews, and document analysis of the instructors' syllabi. Communication strategies teachers used to…

  1. Your Syllabus Should Set the Stage for Assessment for Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, Matthew A.; Bentz, Amy E.; Fynewever, Herb

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the authors describe how a syllabus can be used to set the stage for effective use of assessment-for-learning principles. Nearly all college instructors use a syllabus, but this document typically dwells on logistics and evaluation. Research has suggested that courses should go beyond evaluation to include aspects of assessment…

  2. Creating Subjects: The Language of the Stage 6 English Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anson, Daniel W. J.

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the language of the 2009 NSW Stage 6 English Syllabus. I argue that the language of the syllabus aims to create two distinct subjects: Subject English, that is, what students learn; and the subject position of its students, that is, what students are expected to become. Analysis reveals themes of personal development and…

  3. LATCH: A Syllabus Design for EFL Instruction in CALL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, David

    1998-01-01

    Looks at an innovative organizational tool for syllabus design of English-as-a-Foreign-Language, computer-assisted language learning writing classes that is borrowed from the interdisciplinary field of information architecture. The tool around which this syllabus design is structured is the Location-Alphabet-Time-Category-Hierarchy (LATCH), to…

  4. 21 CFR 81.1 - Provisional lists of color additives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Provisional lists of color additives. 81.1 Section... GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS AND GENERAL RESTRICTIONS FOR PROVISIONAL COLOR ADDITIVES FOR USE IN FOODS, DRUGS, AND COSMETICS § 81.1 Provisional lists of color additives. The Commissioner of Food and Drugs...

  5. Influence of application site of provisional cement on the marginal adaptation of provisional crowns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayra Cardoso

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Marginal discrepancies may lead to cement washout and marginal leakage, damaging periodontal and pulp tissues or causing premature loss of the restoration. PURPOSE: This study evaluated the influence of application site of provisional cement on the marginal adaptation of provisional crowns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four different application sites of provisional cement (Temp Bond NE, Kerr Corporation were used for cementation of provisional crowns on phantom teeth prepared for full crown restorations, performing 4 experimental groups (n=10: cement applied to all internal surfaces of the crown (CAO; cement applied to all internal surfaces of the crown, except for the occlusal surface (CA; cement applied to the cervical crown margin (CM; and cement applied to the cervical tooth margin (TM. A comparison microscope (Mitutoyo America Corporation was used to measure the distances between the internal tangents of two circular marks, one made on the provisional crown and one made apical to the tooth preparation margin, in areas corresponding to buccal, lingual, mesial and distal surfaces. Marginal adaptation was determined before and after cementation, with 0.0001-mm accuracy. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test at 5% significance level. RESULTS: Mean values of marginal opening obtained for each group were: CAO: 145 µm; CA: 67 µm; CM: 46 µm; TM: 34 µm. CA, CM and TM presented significantly lower marginal openings than CAO (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: complete filling of the crown with provisional cement, including the occlusal surface, provided grater marginal discrepancies when compared to the other methods evaluated.

  6. Prototype Schemas, Variation Theory, and the Structural Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamson, H. D.

    1990-01-01

    A review of theories and research regarding cognitive psychology and second-language acquisition discusses Krashen's monitor model (1982), Pienemann's teachability hypothesis (1985), variation theory, the structural syllabus, and grammatical prototypes. (29 references) (CB)

  7. On the Essential Ingredients of Modern Cultural Syllabus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹邱; 刘英波

    2015-01-01

    Integrating cultural learning within English teaching has gradually been accepted as a common practice in the English language teaching classrooms.Based on the inseparable relationship between language and culture this essay analyzes the essential ingredients of modern cul-tural syllabus and believes that language teachers have to follow a cultural syllabus specified with an introduction,a set of teaching materials and a comprehensive glossary.

  8. Politeness Strategies of the Provisional Agreement Document

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Shehadeh

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This work investigates the politeness strategies of the so-called provisional agreement document in Jordanian context. It shows that such a document maintains several politeness strategies that help resolve any tension between the parties involved. It reflects that politeness is not meant only to elevate the communication between people but also it is an important clue in cataloguing this communication when it occurs in situations where the relationship between the two interlocutors is doomed by tragic event such as murder or car accidents.

  9. The Anatomical Society core regional anatomy syllabus for undergraduate medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, C F; Finn, G M; Stewart, J; Atkinson, M A; Davies, D C; Dyball, R; Morris, J; Ockleford, C; Parkin, I; Standring, S; Whiten, S; Wilton, J; McHanwell, S

    2016-01-01

    The Anatomical Society's core syllabus for anatomy (2003 and later refined in 2007) set out a series of learning outcomes that an individual medical student should achieve on graduation. The core syllabus, with 182 learning outcomes grouped in body regions, referenced in the General Medical Council's Teaching Tomorrow's Doctors, was open to criticism on the grounds that the learning outcomes were generated by a relatively small group of anatomists, albeit some of whom were clinically qualified. We have therefore used a modified Delphi technique to seek a wider consensus. A Delphi panel was constructed involving 'experts' (n = 39). The revised core syllabus of 156 learning outcomes presented here is applicable to all medical programmes and may be used by curriculum planners, teachers and students alike in addressing the perennial question: 'What do I need to know ?'

  10. Analysis the Competences and Contents of "Mathematics and Environmental Exploration" Subject Syllabus for Preparatory Grade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dulama, Maria Eliza; Magda?, Ioana

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze some aspects related to "Mathematics and Environmental Exploration" subject syllabus for preparatory grade approved by Minister of National Education of Romania. The analysis aim the place of the subject syllabus into the Framework Plan; the syllabus structure and the argumentation of studying this subject; the…

  11. Recommended Syllabus Components: What Do Higher Education Faculty Include in Their Syllabi?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doolittle, Peter E.; Siudzinski, Robert A.

    2010-01-01

    Syllabus use in higher education instruction is ubiquitous, yet what actually constitutes a syllabus remains unclear. The authors assessed the contents of 1000 syllabi, sampled from the Internet, based on 26 criteria determined from a literature review of recommended syllabus components. Syllabi contents were assessed according to four categories:…

  12. Theory and practice in second language syllabus design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann L. Van der Wait

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The syllabus is an essential factor in the achievement of communicative competence in second language teaching. Various proposals for syllabus design have been made, ranging from product to process syllabuses. Their theoretical bases and the practical constraints which influence them are discussed. The product syllabus is a formal statement of the end product, and has been criticized mainly because it cannot account for communicative competence in the syllabus design itself and because it may encourage a step-by-step teaching procedure. The process syllabus attempts to address learning procedures and is concerned with learning experiences and the negotiation of meaning. This approach is also not without its critics. But practical factors such as administrative requirements, teacher capacity and learner differences constrain the syllabus design. It is concluded that a process syllabus which specifies the classroom activities in much more detail than has been the case so far, and which contains product elements to accommodate some of the constraints, is likely to realize the aim of communicative competence. Die sill ab us is 'n belangrike element in die bereiking van kommunikatiewe vaardigheid in tweedetaalonderrig. Verskeie voorstelle vir die ontwerp van sillabusse is reeds gedoen, en strek vanafproduk- tot prosessillabusse. Die teoretiese basis van hierdie sillabusse sowel as die praktiese beperkinge wat hulle bei"nvloed, word bespreek. Die produksillabus is' nformele verklaring van die eindproduk, en word vera/ gekritiseer omdat dit nie rekenskap kan gee van kommunikatiewe vaardigheid in die sillabusontwerp self nie, en omdat dit aanleiding kan gee tot' n stap-vir-stap onderrigbenadering. Die prosessillabus poog om die leerproses in ag te neem en leerervarings te spesifiseer, en beklemtoon die onderhandeling van betekenis. Hierdie benadering is ook nie sonder sy kritici nie. Maar praktiesefaktore soos administratiewe vereistes

  13. Effect of provisional luting agents on polyvinyl siloxane impression material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, R H; Cook, G S; Moon, M G

    1996-04-01

    Eugenol-containing cements have been traditionally selected for seating provisional restorations, but incomplete polymerization of polyvinyl siloxane impression materials has been attributed to these cements. This study clinically evaluated the inhibitory effect on polymerization of a specific polyvinyl siloxane impression material with five luting agents used for provisional restorations. Three of these luting agents contained eugenol, whereas two interim cements did not contain eugenol. A total of 60 human posterior teeth were prepared for complete crowns, fitted for provisional crowns, and cemented with interim luting agents. After 2.5 weeks the provisional crowns were removed, the cement on tooth preparations was removed with an explorer, and impressions were made. The results revealed that none of the luting agents in this investigation had an inhibitory effect on polymerization of polyvinyl siloxane impression materials.

  14. VSRR - Quarterly provisional estimates for selected indicators of mortality

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Provisional estimates of death rates. Estimates are presented for each of the 15 leading causes of death plus estimates for deaths attributed to drug overdose, falls...

  15. VSRR - Quarterly provisional estimates for selected birth indicators

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Provisional estimates of selected reproductive indicators. Estimates are presented for: general fertility rates, age-specific birth rates, total and low risk...

  16. Understanding Local Ecology: Syllabus for Monitoring Water Quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa Univ., Iowa City.

    This syllabus gives detailed information on monitoring water quality for teachers and students. It tells how to select a sample site; how to measure physical characteristics such as temperature, turbidity, and stream velocity; how to measure chemical parameters such as alkalinity, dissolved oxygen levels, phosphate levels, and ammonia nitrogen…

  17. Technology-Enhanced EFL Syllabus Design and Materials Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Long V.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, I am going to look at the issues of TESOL from one major critical point of view: How the use of the Internet technology might influence TESOL syllabus design and materials development. The article attempts to investigate some possibilities and opportunities provided by the Internet, focusing on the World Wide Web (WWW) as credible…

  18. Measuring the Promise: A Learning-Focused Syllabus Rubric

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Michael S.; Bach, Dorothe J.; Streifer, Adriana C.

    2014-01-01

    To enrich the resources for measuring the impact of educational development work, we have created a rubric to assess the degree to which a syllabus achieves a learning orientation. The rubric provides qualitative descriptions of components that distinguish learning-focused syllabi and uses a quantitative scoring system that places syllabi on a…

  19. Tenth Year Mathematics, 1968 Reprint from 1954 Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

    This document is a reprint of the geometry section from the 1954 syllabus Mathematics 10-11-12, An Integrated Sequence for the Senior High School Grades. The text outlines a tenth year geometry course integrated with arithmetic, algebra, and trigonometry, which progresses from an informal to a formal level. The topics suggested include definition,…

  20. A Labor of Love: Constructing a Service-Learning Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballard, Sharon M.; Elmore, Barry

    2009-01-01

    Service-Learning has become a popular pedagogical strategy; yet, little attention has been given to the construction of a syllabus that includes a service-learning component. The purpose of this paper is to help instructors identify essential components of high-quality service-learning, to learn ways to incorporate these components into…

  1. Syllabus Detail and Students' Perceptions of Teacher Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saville, Bryan K.; Zinn, Tracy E.; Brown, Allison R.; Marchuk, Kimberly A.

    2010-01-01

    Although syllabi provide students with important course information, they can also affect perceptions of teaching effectiveness. To test this idea, we distributed 2 versions of a hypothetical course syllabus, a brief version and a detailed version, and asked students to rate the teacher of the course on qualities associated with master teaching.…

  2. The 21st-Century Syllabus: From Pedagogy to Andragogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fornaciari, Charles J.; Lund Dean, Kathy

    2014-01-01

    While the scholarship of teaching and learning literature has made great advances in our understanding of how learning might best occur, the syllabus as a teaching and learning tool appears to have been almost completely left out of the developmental conversation. Overwhelmingly, extant literature about syllabi and their use focuses on operational…

  3. Elementary Statistics I--Mathematics 274 Course Syllabus, Fall 2001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Deborah L.

    This document features the syllabus for a course in Elementary Statistics/Mathematics at Southern University in Baton Rouge, LA. The course textbook, a course description, readings, goals, and course requirements are presented. Basic descriptive analysis and mathematical concepts commonly used in statistics are emphasized in the course. Topics…

  4. Laminating and Bending; A Base Syllabus on Wood Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastern Kentucky Univ., Richmond.

    Prepared by participants in the 1968 National Defense Education Act Institute on Wood Technology, this syllabus is one of a series of basic outlines designed to aid college level industrial arts woodworking instructors in improving and broadening the scope and content of their programs. The manual consists of a brief introduction followed by seven…

  5. Syllabus in Trade Electricity-Electronics. Section II. Trade Electricity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Occupational Education Curriculum Development.

    This second section of a three-part syllabus for a flexible curriculum in trade electricity-electronics contains four semi-independent units: (1) Advanced Electricity, (2) Residential and Commercial Wiring, (3) Industrial Electricity, and (4) Motor Controls. Introductory sections describe development of the curriculum, outline the total trade…

  6. An Examination of the Integrity of the Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habanek, Darlene V.

    2005-01-01

    The syllabus functions as a major communication device that provides details of how student learning will be assessed and about the roles of both students and instructors in the learning and assessment process. This analysis of actual course syllabi shows the inconsistency of such communication and, therefore, the corruption of the assessment…

  7. Social Studies 9-10: Global Studies. Tentative Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Kenneth

    This syllabus provides a guide for administrators and teachers in selecting strategies and materials to achieve the New York state social studies program goals and objectives for global education. The first section lists the state goals for elementary, secondary, and continuing education. The second section delineates the social studies skills of…

  8. The Environmental History of the United States. Course Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tate, Thad W.

    1981-01-01

    Provides a comprehensive course syllabus for a semester course in environmental history which investigates human attitudes toward nature and the response they evoke to environmental issues. Includes weekly topics, reading assignments, course format and requirements, and essay topics. (Author/DC)

  9. Course Syllabus: The Social Impact of Computer Information Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behar, Joseph

    1988-01-01

    This syllabus describes the course background, central themes and issues, texts, resources, and recommended readings. Main topics are the sociology of information technology, computers and social change, telecommunications, computers and human interactions, applications in working, and social issues and political implications. (YP)

  10. A critical review of recent trends in second language syllabus design and curriculum development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajaee Nia, Mahdi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available To date, numerous books and research articles have focused on the notion of syllabus design and curriculum development. Nevertheless, very few works have had an inclusive and concise look upon the issue. This paper is an account of current trends on syllabus design and curriculum development in Second Language Acquisition in the recent past decades. This is hopefully intended to offer a descriptive and critical interpretation of the existing syllabuses in the domain of language learning and teaching. After a brief introductory remark on curriculum and syllabus types, 13 of the most prominent syllabuses in SLA will be elaborated on separately. In pursuit of doing so, definition, rationale, merits, and drawbacks attributed to each syllabus will be touched upon. Although the emergence of some of these syllabi coincides with each other, while presenting them, it has been tried to follow a roughly chronological order of their emergence.

  11. A comparison of wire- and Kevlar-reinforced provisional restorations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, D B; Nicholls, J I; Yuodelis, R A; Strygler, H

    1994-01-01

    Stainless steel wire 0.036 inch in diameter was compared with Kevlar 49 polyaramid fiber as a means of reinforcing a four-unit posterior provisional fixed restoration with 2 pontics. Three reinforcement patterns for wire and two for Kevlar 49 were evaluated and compared with the control, which was an unreinforced provisional restoration. A central tensile load was placed on the cemented provisional restoration and the variables were measured: (1) the initial stiffness; (2) the load at initial fracture; and (3) the unit toughness, or the energy stored in the beam at a point where the load had undergone a 1.0-mm deflection. Statistical analysis showed (1) the bent wire configuration had a significantly higher initial stiffness (P < or = .05), (2) there was no difference between designs for load at initial fracture, and (3) the bent wire had a significantly higher unit toughness value (P < or = .05).

  12. Technical aspects of the provisional side branch stenting strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darremont, Olivier; Leymarie, Jean Louis; Lefèvre, Thierry; Albiero, Remo; Mortier, Peter; Louvard, Yves

    2015-01-01

    Provisional side branch (SB) stenting is the recommended treatment strategy in the vast majority of bifurcation lesions. Over the past 10 years, advances in fundamental knowledge have led to a better understanding and to improvements of this technical approach. This strategy has reached maturity, and long-term clinical results are now comparable to those of non-bifurcation lesions. This paper describes in detail simple rules and tips and tricks which may help physicians in daily practice to use provisional side branch (SB) stenting as the gold standard treatment for the majority of bifurcation lesions.

  13. Restructuring the syllabus for MD Pharmacology: Retrospection of bioassay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarita Mulkalwar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Career prospects in Pharmacology are witnessing a sea change due to fast and unanticipated development in the field of clinical research. Numerous openings exist now in academia, pharmaceutical industry, Clinical Research Organizations (CRO or as regulatory consultants, experimental pharmacologists, etc. In short, there are various options to choose from, depending on one′s interest. It′s high time we ponder now over the training programme for post-graduate students in Pharmacology. It needs to be revised keeping in mind the job prospects & uniqueness of the MD Pharmacology degree. Aim: To take suggestions of experienced pharmacologists on the present syllabus for MD Pharmacology and their opinion on continuation of Bioassay experiment which is currently an important part of it . Materials and Methods: A structured questionnaire was given to 30 experienced pharmacologists to seek their opinion on MD Pharmacology syllabus & continuation of Bioassay as a part of MD practical. Results: Out of 30 participants, 29 (96.6% did not use their knowledge of Bioassay during their 10 years of post MD career, whether in pharmaceutical industry or in academics. Only 5 of them (16.6% feel that experiment on bioassay should be continued in the current state. 76.7% of them wish it to be modified to a Dose Response Curve ( DRC . 6.71% feel that it should be totally scrapped. All the participants feel the need of revising current MD Pharmacology syllabus. Current syllabus is inclined more towards preparing good academicians but it lacks the proper training for creating good clinical research professionals. Medical writing, writing necessary documents for clinical trials including regulatory documents, writing an article for medical journals, marketing communication, product monograph and patient information of a clinical trial could be incorporated. They should be aware of the regulatory requirements for conducting studies on investigational drugs

  14. Occlusal wear of provisional implant-supported restorations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Santing, Hendrik J.; Kleverlaan, Cornelis J.; Werner, Arie; Feilzer, Albert J.; Raghoebar, Gerry M.; Meijer, Henny J. A.

    BACKGROUND: Implant-supported provisional restorations should be resistant to occlusal wear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this laboratory study was to evaluate three-body wear of three indirect laboratory composite resins, five chair side bis-acryl resin-based materials, and two chair side

  15. 19 CFR 351.212 - Assessment of antidumping and countervailing duties; provisional measures deposit cap; interest...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... duties; provisional measures deposit cap; interest on certain overpayments and underpayments. 351.212... countervailing duties; provisional measures deposit cap; interest on certain overpayments and underpayments. (a... regarding the assessment of duties, the provisional measures deposit cap, and interest on over- or...

  16. Step Away from the Syllabus: Engaging Students on the First Day of Legal Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koval, Michael R.

    2013-01-01

    Many instructors have fallen into the syllabus habit of the first day, and students have come to expect nothing more. While reviewing the syllabus is important, it is not all that engaging for either the instructor or the students. In this article, the author establishes the pedagogical importance of the first day of class experience through the…

  17. A Legal Analysis and Contrarian View of the Syllabus-as-Contract Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufmann, Kent D.

    2015-01-01

    Despite the claim made in the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) literature for over two decades that a syllabus is a contract, the courts have uniformly ruled that it is not. While there is no harm in thinking one's syllabus is a contract, there may be legal risk in proclaiming it so. The author provides an analysis of the…

  18. Update of the echocardiography core syllabus of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosyns, Bernard; Garbi, Madalina; Separovic, Jadranka; Pasquet, Agnes; Lancellotti, Patrizio

    2013-09-01

    The update of the Echocardiography Core Syllabus of European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) is now available online. The Echocardiography Core Syllabus enumerates the elements of knowledge to be taught, represents a framework for the development of local training curricula and provides expected learning outcomes to the echocardiography learner.

  19. Cardiac computed tomography core syllabus of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieman, Koen; Achenbach, Stephan; Pugliese, Francesca; Cosyns, Bernard; Lancellotti, Patrizio; Kitsiou, Anastasia

    2015-04-01

    The European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) Core Syllabus for Cardiac Computed Tomography (CT) is now available online. The syllabus lists key elements of knowledge in Cardiac CT. It represents a framework for the development of training curricula and provides expected knowledge-based learning outcomes to the Cardiac CT trainees.

  20. The 21st-Century Syllabus: Tips for Putting Andragogy into Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lund Dean, Kathy; Fornaciari, Charles J.

    2014-01-01

    In our previous article about reconceptualizing the course syllabus, we argued that instructors must move syllabi beyond their traditional pedagogically-inspired focus on operational course norms if the syllabus is to remain relevant as a teaching and learning tool. Here, we take the andragogical ideas developed in the prior article and provide…

  1. The Effects of Institutional Classification and Gender on Faculty Inclusion of Syllabus Components

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doolittle, Peter E.; Lusk, Danielle L.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to explore the effects that gender and institutional classification have on the inclusion of syllabus components. Course syllabi (N = 350) written by men and women from seven types of institutions, based on Carnegie classification, were sampled and evaluated for the presence of 26 syllabus components. The gender…

  2. The Efficacy of Culture Based Syllabus in Teaching the Target Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çakir, Ismail

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to reveal prospective English language teachers' perceptions of a culture-oriented syllabus implemented in a foreign language context. The syllabus included drama-oriented activities, improvised writing, and a cross-cultural study focusing on teaching some pre-selected cultural elements. A total of 67 students enrolled in…

  3. Education Course Syllabus Development, Thai Language Major According to Buddhism Way of Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waree, Chaiwat

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to develop Education Course Syllabus, Thai language major, according to Buddhism way of Thailand by using Taba's Approach and to evaluate the efficiency of Education Course Syllabus, Thai language major, according to Buddhism way of Thailand. This research was conducted according to research and development format and its…

  4. Validating the CDIO Syllabus for Engineering Education Using the Taxonomy of Engineering Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woollacott, L. C.

    2009-01-01

    The CDIO (Conceive-Design-Implement-Operate) syllabus is the most detailed statement on the goals of engineering education currently found in the literature. This paper presents an in-depth validation exercise of the CDIO syllabus using the taxonomy of engineering competencies as a validating instrument. The study explains the attributes that make…

  5. The Implications of Implementing a "Flexible" Syllabus for ESL Policy in the Sultanate of Oman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Issa, Ali S. M.

    2007-01-01

    The education system in general and ELT in particular are rigidly controlled in the Sultanate of Oman, which gives teachers little room to supplement the mandated textbook. This article, hence, discusses ideologies about the "flexible" ELT syllabus and the role of the teacher's professionalism in the syllabus implementation process. One…

  6. Including Secular Philosophies Such as Humanism in Locally Agreed Syllabuses for Religious Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Jacqueline

    2010-01-01

    The 2004 "National Framework for Religious Education" (NFRE) innovatively recommended that secular philosophies such as humanism, or secular worldviews, be included in locally agreed syllabuses for religious education (RE) in England. However, the NFRE is a non-statutory document, and Agreed Syllabus Conferences (ASCs) and Standing…

  7. The Role of Genre in Language Syllabus Design: The Case of Bahrain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bax, Stephen

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the role of genre in English language syllabus design, with reference to a project in Bahrain secondary schools. It attempts to show how, through a carefully devised and conducted qualitative study in ethnographic mode, a syllabus was developed which placed genre at its centre. It also attempts to illuminate how issues…

  8. A conceptual model for a geriatric syllabus for podiatric medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helfand, A E

    2000-05-01

    Foot disorders and the complications of chronic disease in the older population have a significant effect on society, the cost of health care, and individuals' quality of life. Given podiatric medicine's role in the management of problems of the aging, it is critical that the profession's educational system produce practitioners who understand the process of aging and the needs of the older patient and who are prepared to serve on the health-care-delivery team as the primary providers of foot-care services. The geriatric syllabus presented here is one approach to attaining that goal.

  9. Skill-based Syllabus for Teaching Basic Writing Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦苏芳

    2009-01-01

    Writing is an important skill that students should grasp in learning English, but the teaching and learning of writing is a difficult task. To teach freshmen with little knowledge of writing is extremely difficult. However, the skill-based syllabus is of great usefulness. It enables students to master the very basic writing skill, which helps them to keep pace with the writing requirements assigned by the textbooks, and to improve their overall writing skills so as to fulfill the requirements by the national College English Curriculum.

  10. Analysis of New Zambian High School Physics Syllabus and Practical Examinations for Levels of Inquiry and Inquiry Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mumba, Frackson; Chabalengula, Vivien Mweene; Wise, Kevin; Hunter, William J. F.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the new Zambian high school physics syllabus and practical examinations for levels of inquiry and inquiry skills. Several inquiry skills are explicitly emphasized in the introduction, aims, content objectives and assessment sections in the national high school physics syllabus. However, the syllabus is less…

  11. Located historical cognition: syllabus expectations and teaching method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geyso Germinari

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This research of qualitative nature has as objective to analyze how a group of elementary school’s teachers formulates its teaching method, under the perspective of located historical cognition. The theoretical and methodological presuppositions of the Historical Education are present in the teaching and learning conception of the State Syllabus Guidelines of History, referring to a located historical cognition. The syllabus affirms that the teachers’ pedagogic work has as purpose the formation of the students’ historical thought, through the historical conscience. In order to do that, it suggests the use of the historical investigation method in classroom, articulated by the historical narratives of the subjects. Based in the theoretical and methodological referential of the “methodological structuralism”, the investigation used standardized questionnaire and semi-structured interview applied to four teachers. The results indicate that the teachers use in their teaching method elements of the historical investigation, which is a practice that potentiates in the student the development of a cognition located in the science of history.

  12. A Method for Rational Provision of Learning Syllabus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vida DRASUTE

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Distance, e-education supported by technological development have enhanced educational processes by combining achievements from various scientific fields. This techno-educational enhancement has happened within the last decade. Virtual learning has grown in popularity as a new way of learning that gives preference to learn in convenient time and places, using specially prepared learning materials. The progression of technological developments implies the rise of user demands. It also aspires to look for flexible, but qualitative, training and learning ways. One of the outcomes is adaptive and intelligent learning environments that show to become a common tool used for virtual learning. This paper focuses on the key feature elements of adaptive learning environments (ALE, also researching about intelligent agents and their behaviour in ALEs. The method to provide individual learning syllabus according student knowledge in rational way is proposed. It is based on latent semantic indexing algorithm and is featured with an ability to update syllabus according individual learning outcomes of the student. This is yet another tool in a teacher's tool box. The description of results obtained during the exploration of proposed method is presented as well.

  13. Developing a Skills-Based Syllabus for Business English Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena CIORTESCU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available As ESP trainers, we are increasingly aware that our learners have a specific purpose in learning English. Consequently, our aim is to develop a syllabus based on their particular needs and professional requirements. Our course objectives should thus focus on developing skills, cultural awareness and communicative effectiveness. Therefore, language accuracy is no longer a priority particularly if we take into account time restrictions (short number of hours as well as other limitations (great number of students, various levels of English, etc. and challenges (knowledge of the field, jargon that the Business trainer has to deal with on a regular basis. It has long been argued that learning the vocabulary related to a particular job is fundamental to ESP lessons. However, as Adrian Tenant (2015 rightfully notes, standard vocabulary knowledge may actually prove useless when students are faced with real life situations. He stresses on the fact that students must be taught how to learn, develop and use their knowledge on the long term. The aim of this paper is to identify and describe some key skills that business English students need to acquire in order to set the basis of their further development. The main topics which may be included in the Business English syllabus will be discussed and relevant examples will be provided.

  14. The SMU English Teachers' Competence in Developing the Teaching Materials and Strategies According to the 1994 English Syllabus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignatius Harjanto

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The 1994 English syllabus has long been implemented at schools. However, information on how far the implementation of the syllabus has been successful is not sufficiently available. The writer thinks information about the implementation of the syllabus is necessary to guaranttee success of the teaching English at school. This study explores the SMU English teachers' competence in developing the teaching materials and strategies according to the 1994 English syllabus. It is affirmed that teaching materials and strategies are crucial in the learning teaching process and are not separable from the syllabus

  15. In vitro color stability of provisional restorative materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Jalali

    2012-01-01

    Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of tea on provisional restorative materials. Setting and Design: This study was designed to measure the degree of color change of three acrylic resin provisional materials, before and after immersion in artificial saliva and artificial saliva-tea solution for 2 and 4 weeks. Materials and Methods : Three types of acrylic provisional materials (duralay, tempron, acropars TRP, were studied. Twenty disks (20±0.1 mm by 2±0.05 mm were fabricated from each material. Specimens were polished with acrylic bur using pumice and diamond polishing paste. Base line color was measured using a spectrophotometer. Ten disks were stored in artificial saliva and 10 were stored in a solution of artificial saliva and tea at room temperature. Color measurements were made after 2 and 4 weeks of immersion. Statistical analysis used: Differences in color changes were compared by two way ANOVA, across the six groups, followed by a Turkey-Kramer′s multiple comparison test. Results: For specimens immersed in artificial saliva, the color change of methyl methacrylate materials; duralay (ΔE=4.94 and tempron (ΔE=6.54, was significantly more than butyl methacrylate material; acropars (ΔE=4.10. After immersion in an artificial saliva- tea solution, tempron exhibited less color change (ΔE=8.50 compared to duralay (ΔE=10.93 and acropars (ΔE=15.64. Conclusion: Color stability of methyl methacrylate is higher than butyl methacrylates so if provisional materials are used for extended periods of time; tempron is preferred.

  16. The Harry Potter’s Syllabus: representations of school and syllabus in children’s and adolescent literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Carolina da Silva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the representations of school and syllabus divulged by the Harry Potter book series. Successful all around the world, this series consists of seven books telling the adventures of a boy who, at 11 years of age, discovers himself to be a wizard, being sent to Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, where he learns to use his magic powers. Based on the post-structuralist Cultural Studies, I consider the representation not only presents a reality, but pushes actively for its construction. The claim developed is that the school ideally understood by the books is the one serving as home to teachers and students, safe, and grouping the students according to their skills and individual features. The curricular model divulged by the series is a fusion between the scientific syllabus and the practical one. Having in mind the comprehensiveness of the books, it is important to understand how education has been divulged in a non-school cultural product addressed to young people.

  17. GRAMMATICAL SYLLABUS AND EFL TEXTBOOKS: THE NEED FOR CONSCIOUSNESS-RAISING ACTIVITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sasan Baleghizadeh

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the role of the grammatical syllabus in EFL settings is examined. To this end, the grammatical syllabus and its shortcomings are first explored. It is then argued that the grammatical syllabus is perhaps the best channel through which grammar instruction can take shape, and hence the importance of grammar instruction is discussed. Finally, the concept of consciousness-raising activities is introduced and it is suggested that the explicit presentation of grammar in traditional EFL textbooks still used in certain settings be replaced by consciousness-raising activities.

  18. In-service English language training for Italian Primary School Teachers An experience in syllabus design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Dawes

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to report on an in-service English Language Teacher Training Programme devised for the Government project to equip Italian primary school teachers  with the skills to teach English. The paper focuses on the first phase of the project which envisaged research into the best training models and the preparation of appropriate  English Language syllabuses. In  the first three sections of the paper we report on the experience of designing the language syllabus. In the last section we suggest ways of using the syllabus as a tool for self reflective professional development.

  19. The JMB Applied Chemistry Syllabus--the Place of Case Studies and Industrial Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallas, G.; Hughes, W. J.

    1974-01-01

    Describes two novel topics in the JMB Applied Chemistry Core Syllabus. These are the social and economic aspects of chemical technology, involving the use of six case studies, and industrial processes. (Author/GS)

  20. "Concepts in animal welfare": a syllabus in animal welfare science and ethics for veterinary schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Boo, Jasmijn; Knight, Andrew

    2005-01-01

    Public attitudes toward animal welfare have improved with growing social affluence, and veterinarians are increasingly expected to be informed about animal welfare in a broader sense than health alone. However, animal welfare has not been a traditional component of the veterinary curriculum. To help address this lack, the World Society for the Protection of Animals(WSPA) and the University of Bristol School of Veterinary Science launched the ''Concepts in Animal Welfare'' syllabus in 2003. This comprehensive syllabus comprises seven core and 23 elective modules and covers a range of animal welfare issues, including farm and companion animal welfare, wildlife, and the use of animals in experiments. There are also modules on ethics and animal legislation. The syllabus is interactive, promotes critical analysis of issues from different angles, and may be adapted for use in any veterinary curriculum. WSPA provides training and workshops in developing countries and assists with the implementation of the syllabus.

  1. Does the processing fluency of a syllabus affect the forecasted grade and course difficulty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guenther, R Kim

    2012-06-01

    Processing fluency is known to affect a variety of cognitive assessments, but most research has not examined such effects in the context of a real-life experience. In the first experiment, college students, enrolled in either a statistics or cognitive psychology course, read a course syllabus which varied in the clarity of its font and frequency of its vocabulary. Based on the syllabus, students then forecasted their final course grade and the course's difficulty. Despite methodological similarity to other fluency experiments and adequate statistical power, there were no significant differences in forecasts across fluency conditions. Fluency may be discounted in a task which provides information that affects people's lives. This interpretation was bolstered by a second experiment whose participants were students in a statistics course. These students read the cognitive course's syllabus and forecasted better grades and less difficulty in the cognitive course when the font of the syllabus was more clear than unclear.

  2. Effect of Provisional Cements on Shear Bond Strength of Porcelain Laminate Veneers

    OpenAIRE

    Altintas, Subutay Han; Tak, Onjen; Secilmis, Asli; Usumez, Aslihan

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of three provisional cements and two cleaning techniques on the final bond strength of porcelain laminate veneers. Methods: The occlusal third of the crowns of forty molar teeth were sectioned and embedded in autopolymerizing acrylic resin. Dentin surfaces were polished and specimens were randomly divided into four groups (n=10). Provisional restorations were fabricated and two provisional restorations were cemented onto each to...

  3. Provisional hourly values of equatorial Dst for 1971

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugiura, M.; Poros, D. J.

    1972-01-01

    Tables and plots of provisional hourly values of the equatorial Dst index for 1971 are given, a table of daily mean Dst values for 1971 is also provided. The base line values for the four observatories, Hermanus, Kakioka, Honolulu, and San Juan, were obtained from extrapolations using the coefficients for the secular variations determined for the previous years. Examining the Dst values for quiet days, the base lines so determined appear to be slightly low, so that the Dst index for quiet periods tends to be high.

  4. La libertad provisional en la ley de seguridad ciudadana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Langón Cuñarro

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available La Ley N° 16.707, de 12.7.95 (arts. 26 y 27 modificó intensamente los artículos 138 y 139 del Código del Proceso Penal, que tratan de la libertad provisional, introduciendo significativos cambios al régimen vigente, en orden a dos aspectos esenciales: a el dictado del auto excarcelatorio por parte del Juez y, b la revocación de la libertad concedida, por causa de nuevo procesamiento.

  5. Teaching of reading and writing skills: Process syllabus and global issues

    OpenAIRE

    Sezgi Sarac

    2008-01-01

    This study aims to present a suggested syllabus that can set an example for process and task based syllabus applications for the teaching of reading and writing skills in a foreign language. It proposes a teaching model and the related evaluative data analysis. In the spring term of 2006-2007 academic year, 50 first year pre-service teachers at Hacettepe University, Division of English Language Teaching attended the course ‘Reading and Writing Skills II’. The course was designed i...

  6. Nuclear cardiology core syllabus of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimelli, Alessia; Neglia, Danilo; Schindler, Thomas H; Cosyns, Bernard; Lancellotti, Patrizio; Kitsiou, Anastasia

    2015-04-01

    The European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) Core Syllabus for Nuclear Cardiology is now available online. The syllabus lists key elements of knowledge in nuclear cardiology. It represents a framework for the development of training curricula and provides expected knowledge-based learning outcomes to the nuclear cardiology trainees. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2015. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  7. Syllabus Design and Manner of Delivery Impacts on Content Memory and Impressions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-15

    Such logistics information, although arguably important on some levels , may be viewed by students as less important than understanding of how the...suggested to students that the instructor would be approachable and accessible over the course of the semester . Similarly, informing students of a quiz...syllabus, forewarning of quiz, independent review by students ) impacted students ’ impressions and retention of syllabus content. Release Information: If

  8. Teaching of reading and writing skills: Process syllabus and global issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sezgi Sarac

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to present a suggested syllabus that can set an example for process and task based syllabus applications for the teaching of reading and writing skills in a foreign language. It proposes a teaching model and the related evaluative data analysis. In the spring term of 2006-2007 academic year, 50 first year pre-service teachers at Hacettepe University, Division of English Language Teaching attended the course ‘Reading and Writing Skills II’. The course was designed in line with process and task based syllabus. While desinging the course syllabus, the aim was to develop an alternative teaching model. Therefore, the main goals were identified as improving critical reading skills, achieving student autonomy and focusing on global issues. To achieve these goals, the participants identified 5 global issues to do research and reading/writing activities on. Hence, these issues composed the syllabus and its sequence. The course work and materials were collected in personal portfolios which took the place of the coursebook and encouraged library and the Internet search and written personal reflections. Those subjects identified by the participants were terorism, great middle east project, freedom of expression, multi-lingualism/culturalism and sexism. The qualitative data gathered during and after the application and also the quantitative data and feedback collected at the end of the application provided sound findings on both the syllabus and its evaluation. In these findings, it is observable that the syllabus/teaching model encouraging the students to choose the reading texts on their own, to compose portfolios and to manage the teaching/learning process appreciated by the participants and achieved student participation and motivation.  

  9. Teaching of reading and writing skills: Process syllabus and global issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sezgi Sarac

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to present a suggested syllabus that can set an example for process and task based syllabus applications for the teaching of reading and writing skills in a foreign language. It proposes a teaching model and the related evaluative data analysis. In the spring term of 2006-2007 academic year, 50 first year pre-service teachers at Hacettepe University, Division of English Language Teaching attended the course ‘Reading and Writing Skills II’. The course was designed in line with process and task based syllabus. While desinging the course syllabus, the aim was to develop an alternative teaching model. Therefore, the main goals were identified as improving critical reading skills, achieving student autonomy and focusing on global issues. To achieve these goals, the participants identified 5 global issues to do research and reading/writing activities on. Hence, these issues composed the syllabus and its sequence. The course work and materials were collected in personal portfolios which took the place of the coursebook and encouraged library and the Internet search and written personal reflections. Those subjects identified by the participants were terorism, great middle east project, freedom of expression, multi-lingualism/culturalism and sexism. The qualitative data gathered during and after the application and also the quantitative data and feedback collected at the end of the application provided sound findings on both the syllabus and its evaluation. In these findings, it is observable that the syllabus/teaching model encouraging the students to choose the reading texts on their own, to compose portfolios and to manage the teaching/learning process appreciated by the participants and achieved student participation and motivation.

  10. Teaching and Learning Pharmaceutical Code of Ethics as a Syllabus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Shafiee

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available "nPharmacy, being a profession which its activities are directly related to the health and wellbeing of the people and soci­ety has been described an ethical profession from earliest time. In the recent decades there has been a shift in the phar­macist role from dispensing to relationship with patients and health care providers and interfere the therapeutic process. Other branches of pharmacy such as producers, distributors and etc. will certainly have the same responsibilities. In this respect, student of pharmacy, besides his professional education needs learning social, behavioral, communicational sciences as well as the principles code of pharmaceutical ethics. Therefore, teaching and learning principles code of ethics seems as an obli­gation. These principles are a guide to the standards of conduct. Furthermore, rapid progress of biotechnology, nanotech­nology and increase cost of new drugs are factors presented the importance of the study of eth­ics in pharmacy. Therefore, setting syllabus in pharmacy law and ethics is a need for undergraduate and even post­graduate students. The code, therefore attempts to define principles to be born in mind. It is the pharmacist who must interpret them in the light of pharmacy prac­tice.

  11. A syllabus for fellowship education in palliative medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeGrand, Susan B; Walsh, Declan; Nelson, Kristine A; Davis, Mellar P

    2003-01-01

    Recent years have seen significant growth in palliative medicine training programs and positions. There are plans to pursue palliative medicine specialty status with the American Board of Medical Specialties and accreditation of fellowship programs with the American College of Graduate Medical Education. A work group of program directors, supported initially by the Cleveland Clinic and then by the American Board of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, has recently published standards for fellowship training. Despite this, fundamental questions remain about defining the field and delineating the knowledge and skills expected following completion of specialty training. In this article, we describe the first fellowship program in palliative medicine (PMP) in the United States, developed and supported by the Cleveland Clinic Foundation. The program has been implemented as part of the Harry R. Horvitz Center for Palliative Medicine, founded in 1987 as the first comprehensive integrated US program in this field. This training program, in existence since 1989, features a traditional rotational structure with an inpatient primary care service, inpatient consult services, and an outpatient consult/hospice service. This article outlines the syllabus developed for this fellowship, given what we believe to be the essential knowledge base for the field of palliative medicine.

  12. Workplace exposure to nanoparticles and the application of provisional nanoreference values in times of uncertain risks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P van Broekhuizen; F. van Broekhuizen; R. Cornelissen; L. Reijnders

    2012-01-01

    Nano reference values (NRVs) for occupational use of nanomaterials were tested as provisional substitute for Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs). NRVs can be used as provisional limit values until Health-Based OELs or derived no-effect levels (DNEL) become available. NRVs were defined for 8 h period

  13. Workplace exposure to nanoparticles and the application of provisional nanoreference values in times of uncertain risks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Broekhuizen, P; van Broekhuizen, F.; Cornelissen, R.; Reijnders, L.

    2012-01-01

    Nano reference values (NRVs) for occupational use of nanomaterials were tested as provisional substitute for Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs). NRVs can be used as provisional limit values until Health-Based OELs or derived no-effect levels (DNEL) become available. NRVs were defined for 8 h

  14. Stereotype threat and hazard perception among provisional license drivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skorich, Daniel P; Webb, Hugh; Stewart, Lisa; Kostyanaya, Maria; Cruwys, Tegan; McNeill, Kathy; Frain, Andrew J; Lim, Li; Jones, Benjamin M; Smyth, Lillian; O'Brien, Kerry J

    2013-05-01

    Stereotype threat refers to the negative impact a stereotype about one's group can have on one's performance in domains relevant to the stereotype. In the current paper, we explore whether the negative stereotype of provisional license drivers (PLDs) might produce stereotype threat in a driving-related hazard perception task. We manipulate threat by asking participants to self-identify as PLDs in a categorization condition, or by reminding PLD participants explicitly of the stereotype of PLDs in an explicit stereotype condition. Results reveal increments in hazard perception in the categorization condition, and decrements in hazard perception in the explicit stereotype condition. Mediation analysis reveals that hazard perception performance is fully mediated by increased effort in the categorization condition and by decreased effort in the explicit stereotype condition. We discuss these findings in terms of their implications for stereotype threat and its mediators, and for public policy that explicitly discriminates between PLDs and other driver groups.

  15. VSRR - Provisional monthly and 12-month ending number of live births, deaths and infant deaths: United States

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/vsrr/provisional-tables.htm Monthly and 12 month-ending provisional counts of births, deaths and infant deaths are provided for the...

  16. The Proposal of a BDS Syllabus Framework to Suit Choice Based Credit System (CBCS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sethuraman, KR; Narayan, KA

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Higher education takes a new dimension universally in the form of choice based Credit System (CBCS). In India, the University Grants Commission (UGC) has made CBCS mandatory in all fields except for Health Profession. Not much attempts were made in designing a BDS syllabus to suit CBCS. Aim Aim of the study was to propose a model dental syllabus to fit into choice based credit system. Materials and Methods A model BDS syllabus Prototype for CBCS was designed based on the UGC guidelines for terms as well as calculations for CBCS. Engineering curriculum models from IIT and Anna University were also referred to. Results Semester based BDS syllabus was designed without changing the norms of Dental Council of India (DCI). All the must know areas of the subjects were considered as “core” areas and the desirable and nice to know areas are left for “electives” by the students. By this method, none of the subject was left out at the same time students are provided with electives to learn deeper on their topics of choice. Conclusion The existing BDS syllabus can be effectively modified by incorporating few changes based on the UGC regulations for Choice based credit system. The proposed framework gives an insight on the nature of modifications that are needed. By adopting this, BDS Course regulations can also follow CBCS without neglecting or reducing the weightage of any subject. PMID:27656467

  17. A core syllabus for the teaching of neuroanatomy to medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moxham, Bernard; McHanwell, Stephen; Plaisant, Odile; Pais, Diogo

    2015-09-01

    There is increasingly a call for clinical relevance in the teaching of biomedical sciences within all health care courses. However, this presupposes that there is a clear understanding of what can be considered core material within the curricula. To date, the anatomical sciences have been relatively poorly served by the development of core syllabuses, particularly for specialized core syllabuses such as neuroanatomy. One of the aims of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA) and of the European Federation for Experimental Morphology (EFEM) is to formulate, on an international scale, core syllabuses for all branches of the anatomical sciences using Delphi Panels consisting of anatomists, scientists, and clinicians to initially evaluate syllabus content. In this article, the findings of a Delphi Panel for neuroanatomy are provided. These findings will subsequently be published on the IFAA website to enable anatomical (and other cognate learned) societies and individual anatomists, clinicians, and students to freely comment upon, and elaborate and amend, the syllabuses. The aim is to set internationally recognized standards and thus to provide guidelines concerning neuroanatomical knowledge when engaged in course development.

  18. A Syllabus Design of College Integrated English Class in China----On the Integration of Task-based Teaching and Classroom-based Assessment

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Zheng, Cui

    2013-01-01

    .... This paper thus designed a syllabus for college Integrated English class based on syllabus design standard by Nunan, task-based language teaching theory by Ellis and the classroom-based assessment...

  19. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING (ELT COMPETENCY-BASED SYLLABUS IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Besral Besral

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Although competency has long been the major concern in ELT either in the EFL or ESL contexts, the rise of competency-based syllabus launched by the Ministry of National Education (2006 brought about significant issue among the English teachers in the country. One of the crucial issues is that how to transfer the concepts of competences into the syllabus design.  Since a syllabus does not only contain a list of subject content, but also how curriculum planners (teachers reflect their understanding and belief about nature of language and of language teaching and learning, the ELT must be carried out to achieve communicative competence. Current investigation on the practices of ELT, however, indicates that English teachers are still walking in place, leaving the CC as a big slogan in their jobs.

  20. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING (ELT COMPETENCY-BASED SYLLABUS IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Besral Besral

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Although competency has long been the major concern in ELT either in the EFL or ESL contexts, the rise of competency-based syllabus launched by the Ministry of National Education (2006 brought about significant issue among the English teachers in the country. One of the crucial issues is that how to transfer the concepts of competences into the syllabus design.  Since a syllabus does not only contain a list of subject content, but also how curriculum planners (teachers reflect their understanding and belief about nature of language and of language teaching and learning, the ELT must be carried out to achieve communicative competence. Current investigation on the practices of ELT, however, indicates that English teachers are still walking in place, leaving the CC as a big slogan in their jobs.

  1. Critical considerations on the traditional syllabus of the subject Internal Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Julio Romero Cabrera

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Internal Medicine is a specialty of wide profile which has always supported the best qualities of clinics. The syllabus of this subject, which rules the Chair of Medical Clinics (traditional syllabus dates back to 1989 and, even when there could be some invariants regarding methods and objectives, many things have also changed in these years and it is important to perform modifications, particularly in its content. Thus, it is necessary to update the syllabus to adequate it to the requirements and events above mentioned, without transforming its core mission of educating a general comprehensive doctor with humanistic and social scope. The objective of this article was to critically analyze some aspects that can not be omitted if we want to foster a subject based in a comprehensive specialty as Internal Medicine.

  2. A syllabus for research ethics committees: training needs and resources in different European countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cairoli, Ester; Davies, Hugh T; Helm, Jürgen; Hook, Georg; Knupfer, Petra; Wells, Frank

    2012-03-01

    This paper reports a European Forum for Good Clinical Practice workshop held in 2011 to consider a research ethics committee training syllabus, subsequent training needs and resources. The syllabus that was developed was divided into four competencies: committee working; scientific method; ethical analysis and the regulatory framework. Appropriate training needs for each, with possible resources, were discussed. Lack of funding for training was reported as a major problem but affordable alternatives were debated. Strengths and weaknesses of this approach were discussed and the resultant proposal will be disseminated through the European Forum for Good Clinical Practice and the research ethics committees of member states.

  3. A quick guide to API 510 certified pressure vessel inspector syllabus example questions and worked answers

    CERN Document Server

    Matthews, Clifford

    2010-01-01

    The API Individual Certification Programs (ICPs) are well established worldwide in the oil, gas, and petroleum industries. This Quick Guide is unique in providing simple, accessible and well-structured guidance for anyone studying the API 510 Certified Pressure Vessel Inspector syllabus by summarizing and helping them through the syllabus and providing multiple example questions and worked answers.Technical standards are referenced from the API 'body of knowledge' for the examination, i.e. API 510 Pressure vessel inspection, alteration, rerating; API 572 Pressure vessel inspection; API

  4. SOFTWARE REVIEW: Oxford Personal Revision Guides: A-level Physics 1999/2000 Syllabus GCSE Physics 1999/2000 Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Kerry

    2000-09-01

    Is it any better than a textbook and a pad of A4 paper? That's the question we have to ask if we consider investing in a `Revision' CD-ROM. Of course, nothing, in our lifetimes, will quite replace the students' own notes, some paper and a pencil. But, so far as private study is concerned, the computer offers a number of potential advantages: sound, animation, hyperlinks, interactivity, a calculator and a clock. For those with a modem, we can add Internet connections too. A few years ago the only revision materials available for computers were simply electronic versions of textbooks: a few animations and voice commentaries, with maybe a few multiple choice tests was the best you could expect. I was universally disappointed with all such CD-ROMs; they were a waste of money. At last things are changing and theseOxford Personal Revision Guides are definitely software of the new generation: there is commentary, there are animated diagrams (ripple tanks, Hertzsprung-Russell diagrams, falling stones...), there are plenty of hyperlinks to other sections of the CD, and to exam board websites on the Internet, so that students can check their own syllabus.... This CD is not a rip-off! The software uses Microscoft Internet Explorer to produce a screen that looks as if you are connected to the Internet. Few students will have any problems in navigating the system. It is a massive piece of programming requiring a fairly modern PC (Pentium 166, 32 MB RAM, quad-speed CD-ROM drive and a good monitor and sound card really are the minimum; I loaded the programme on an older machine and it struggled!). Installation took a good while because the software insists on installing/updating Internet Explorer to 5.0 and checking for, and loading if necessary, Real Player 7, Microsoft Java Virtual Machine and Macromedia Shockwave 7.0.2 Player. Once all this was loaded it worked extremely well, and at first I kept imagining that I was in fact connected to a fantastic educational site on the web

  5. A provisional gene regulatory atlas for mouse heart development.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hailin Chen

    Full Text Available Congenital Heart Disease (CHD is one of the most common birth defects. Elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying normal cardiac development is an important step towards early identification of abnormalities during the developmental program and towards the creation of early intervention strategies. We developed a novel computational strategy for leveraging high-content data sets, including a large selection of microarray data associated with mouse cardiac development, mouse genome sequence, ChIP-seq data of selected mouse transcription factors and Y2H data of mouse protein-protein interactions, to infer the active transcriptional regulatory network of mouse cardiac development. We identified phase-specific expression activity for 765 overlapping gene co-expression modules that were defined for obtained cardiac lineage microarray data. For each co-expression module, we identified the phase of cardiac development where gene expression for that module was higher than other phases. Co-expression modules were found to be consistent with biological pathway knowledge in Wikipathways, and met expectations for enrichment of pathways involved in heart lineage development. Over 359,000 transcription factor-target relationships were inferred by analyzing the promoter sequences within each gene module for overrepresentation against the JASPAR database of Transcription Factor Binding Site (TFBS motifs. The provisional regulatory network will provide a framework of studying the genetic basis of CHD.

  6. A retrospective study of 377 biopsies with a provisional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taxiarchis G. KONTOGIANNIS

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Residual cysts (RC are radicular cysts left behind after tooth extraction. Many jaw lesions of non-odontogenic inflammatory origin may mimic the residual cyst. Aim: Τo record and discuss the prevalence and the features of jaw lesions mimicking RC, from the specimen with a provisional diagnosis of RC submitted for pathologic examination. Materials & Methods: The biopsy request forms of all lesions submitted for pathologic examination with the clinical diagnosis of RC, during a 14-year period, and the respective final pathology reports, were retrospectively studied. Selected clinical features were recorded. Results: 377 cases were retrieved. In 42 of them (11.1% the pathologic diagnosis was of a non-inflammatory odontogenic lesion. The most commonly misdiagnosed lesion was the odontogenic keratocyst (45.26%, while one ameloblastoma and 2 malignancies (metastatic tumor and malignant spindle cell tumor were also found. Conclusions: A lesion clinically diagnosed as a RC stands 1 out of 10 possibilities to be a non-odontogenic inflammatory lesion including malignant neoplasms. Thus, all lesions with clinical and radiographic features consistent with a RC must be enucleated and examined.

  7. Provisional hourly values of equatorial Dst for January to June 1972

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugiura, M.; Poros, D. J.

    1972-01-01

    Provisional hourly values of equatorial atmospheric radiation conditions for the period January to June 1972 were obtained. The data are presented in numerical tables with graphical presentation of the digital data included.

  8. VSRR - State and National Provisional Counts for Live Births, Deaths, and Infant Deaths

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — NOTES: Figures include all revisions received from the states and, therefore, may differ from those previously published. Data are provisional and are subject to...

  9. Soft Tissue Augmentation Techniques in Implants Placed and Provisionalized Immediately: A Systematic Review

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rojo, Rosa; Prados-Frutos, Juan Carlos; Manchón, Ángel; Rodríguez-Molinero, Jesús; Sammartino, Gilberto; Calvo Guirado, José Luis; Gómez-de Diego, Rafael

    2016-01-01

      The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of techniques for soft tissue augmentation in the placement of immediate implants with and without provisionalization and to assess the quality...

  10. Effect of provisional restorations on the final bond strengths of porcelain laminate veneers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aykent, F; Usumez, A; Ozturk, A N; Yucel, M T

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of the different provisional restorations cementation techniques on the final bond strengths of porcelain laminate veneers (PLVs). Thirty-six extracted human central incisors were sectioned 2 mm below the cemento-enamel junction, and crown parts were embedded into self-cure acrylic resin. Standardized PLV preparations were carried out on labial surfaces of the teeth. Then the teeth were randomly divided into three groups of 12 each. In group 1, provisional restorations were cemented with eugenol-free cement. In group 2, prepared teeth surfaces were first coated with a desensitizing agent then provisional restorations were cemented with resin cement. In group 3, provisional restorations were not fabricated to serve as control. After specimens were stored in distilled water for 2 weeks, provisional restorations were removed and final IPS Empress 2 ceramic veneers were bonded with a dual-curing resin. Two microtensile samples from each tooth measuring 1.2 x 1.2 x 5 mm were prepared. These sections were subjected to microtensile testing and failure values were recorded. The data were analysed by one-way anova and Tukey HSD tests. The PLVs, placed on the tooth surface that had received a dentine desensitizer and provisional restorations luted with resin cement (group 2), showed the lowest bond strength in all test groups. But no statistically significant differences were found between the bond strength of PLVs in control group (no provisional restorations) and group 1 (provisional restorations cemented with eugenol-free cement before final cementations). Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) examination of this study also showed that the bonding to enamel surface was better in control group and group 1 than group 2.

  11. A Study on Provisional Cements, Cementation Techniques, and Their Effects on Bonding of Porcelain Laminate Veneers

    OpenAIRE

    Vinod Kumar, G.; Soorya Poduval, T.; Bipin Reddy; Shesha Reddy, P.

    2013-01-01

    Minimal tooth preparation is required for porcelain laminate veneers, but interim restorations are a must to protect their teeth against thermal insult, chemical irritation, and to provide aesthetics. Cement remaining after the removal of the provisional restoration can impair the etching quality of the tooth surface and fit and final bonding of the porcelain laminate veneer. This in vitro study examined the tooth surface for remaining debris of cement after removal of a provisional restorati...

  12. THE MODELS OF PRESENTATION OF ENSEMBLE CIRCULAR FLOW OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY FROM THE PROVISIONAL SCIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANCA JARMILA GUŢĂ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the main presentation models of the national economy circuit from the provisional science as following: the circuit presentation as an equation and matric forms presents the state place and of the “foreign” in the economic circuit. The main model used in the provisional science represents by the National system Account that link together the national economy into six institutional sectors/levels that include the main add of the aggregate results.

  13. Stuttering: Training the Therapist. A Syllabus or Course of Study. Publication No. 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Riper, Charles, Ed.

    Presented is the syllabus of a training program to prepare therapists to work with stuttering children or adults. Intended for instructors, the information is presented in the form of five major chapters, each of which is divided into units. The unit usually consists of an introduction, suggested lecture topics (with source references), suggested…

  14. Networking Course Syllabus in Accredited Library and Information Science Programs: A Comparative Analysis Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abouserie, Hossam Eldin Mohamed Refaat

    2009-01-01

    The study investigated networking courses offered in accredited Library and Information Science schools in the United States in 2009. The study analyzed and compared network syllabi according to Course Syllabus Evaluation Rubric to obtain in-depth understanding of basic features and characteristics of networking courses taught. The study embraced…

  15. Sorry, But You've Got To Have A Grammar Syllabus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ELTJ Journal

    2007-01-01

    @@ The fourth annual ELT Journal/IATEFL debate was held on Sunday 9th April at the IATEFL conference in Harrogate.The topic for debate was "Sorry, but you've got to have a grammar syllabus". Keith Morrow, the editor of ELT Jounrnal,chaired the debate and the two speakers were Michael Swan (for) and Scott Thornbury (against).

  16. Efficiency of Iranian Translation Syllabus at BA Level; Deficiency: A New Comprehensive Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohrabi, Sarah; Rahimi, Ramin; Arjmandi, Masoume

    2015-01-01

    This study aims at investigating the practicality of the current curriculum for translation studies at national level (Iranian curriculum). It is going to have a comprehensive idea of translation students and teachers (university lecturers) over the current translation syllabus at BA level in Iran. A researcher-made CEQ questionnaire (Curriculum…

  17. A Suggested Syllabus for Advanced Writing Skills at English Language Teaching Departments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altay, Ismail Firat

    2010-01-01

    As is known, writing is an indispensable part of language education. As far as English Language Teaching Departments are concerned, writing courses, especially Advanced Writing Skills, are taken as a course of higher importance. However, forming a syllabus for Advanced Writing Course for English Language Teaching Departments is not an easy matter.…

  18. Secondary Library Media and Information Skills Syllabus, Grades 7-12. Part I: Scope and Sequence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

    This syllabus was developed in response to the requirement in the New York State Board of Regents Action Plan for improving elementary and secondary library and information skills. The skills, taught by library media specialists and classroom teachers, are to be integrated into regular courses and cover all subject areas in order to afford…

  19. Science Syllabus for Middle and Junior High Schools. Living Systems: Block C, Micro-Organisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of General Education Curriculum Development.

    This syllabus begins with a list of program objectives and performance criteria for seven general topic areas related to the study of microorganisms and a list of 23 science processes. Following this information, concepts and understandings for subtopics within the general topic areas are listed as follows: (1) introduction; (2) the cell (basic…

  20. [Experience from the teaching of the history of medicine syllabus in the Military Medical Academy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeśman, C; Kielek, P; Jezierski, Z

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents in which the history of medicine syllabus has evolved over the past 30 years. It presents the aspects that are preferred today, the bibliography the students use and the way the course is conducted. The paper also includes the conclusions from many years experience.

  1. The Implementation of an Intercultural Competence Syllabus to Prepare Study-Abroad Students for Global Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kural, Faruk; Bayyurt, Yasemin

    2016-01-01

    This study presents the outcome of the implementation of a process-oriented model of an intercultural competence (IC) and English as a lingua franca (ELF)-awareness development syllabus to prepare government-sponsored Turkish international sojourners for global communication in English L1 countries. Based on social constructivist research…

  2. Going beyond the Syllabus: A Study of a Level Mathematics Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suto, Irenka; Elliott, Gill; Rushton, Nicky; Mehta, Sanjana

    2012-01-01

    We explored teachers' views and students' experiences of going beyond the syllabus in Advanced (A) level Mathematics. Questionnaires were sent to teachers and students in a sample of 200 schools and colleges. Teachers were asked about the necessity, importance and benefits of additional teaching. Students were asked about the extra activities they…

  3. An Approach toward the Development of Core Syllabuses for the Anatomical Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moxham, Bernard John; Plaisant, Odile; Smith, Claire F.; Pawlina, Wojciech; McHanwell, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    There is increasingly a call for clinical relevance in the teaching of the biomedical sciences within all health care programs. This presupposes that there is an understanding of what is "core" material within the curriculum. To date, the anatomical sciences have been poorly served by the development of core syllabuses, although there…

  4. Anatomical Society core regional anatomy syllabus for undergraduate medicine: the Delphi process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, C F; Finn, G M; Stewart, J; McHanwell, S

    2016-01-01

    A modified Delphi method was employed to seek consensus when revising the UK and Ireland's core syllabus for regional anatomy in undergraduate medicine. A Delphi panel was constructed involving 'expert' (individuals with at least 5 years' experience in teaching medical students anatomy at the level required for graduation). The panel (n = 39) was selected and nominated by members of Council and/or the Education Committee of the Anatomical Society and included a range of specialists including surgeons, radiologists and anatomists. The experts were asked in two stages to 'accept', 'reject' or 'modify' (first stage only) each learning outcome. A third stage, which was not part of the Delphi method, then allowed the original authors of the syllabus to make changes either to correct any anatomical errors or to make minor syntax changes. From the original syllabus of 182 learning outcomes, removing the neuroanatomy component (163), 23 learning outcomes (15%) remained unchanged, seven learning outcomes were removed and two new learning outcomes added. The remaining 133 learning outcomes were modified. All learning outcomes on the new core syllabus achieved over 90% acceptance by the panel.

  5. Start with the Syllabus: HELPing Learners Learn through Class Content Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blinne, Kristen C.

    2013-01-01

    In this teaching reflection, the author discusses the benefits of incorporating learners' input into classroom content design, starting with the syllabus, to invite a more democratic learning process. She suggests four guiding questions teachers can employ throughout their courses, working with learners to create a collaborative classroom culture…

  6. Three Preparatory Schools' Syllabus Designs in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bensen, Hanife; Silman, Fatos

    2012-01-01

    Problem Statement: Curriculum development involves the process of planning, setting up and running courses. The knowledge about designing syllabi, making choices of content and materials and assessing student performances plays an important role in curriculum development. Syllabus design is one aspect of curriculum development. It covers the kind…

  7. Can a Syllabus Change Impact on Students' Perceptions of Science? Fragmented and Cohesive Conceptions of Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Manjula Devi; Stewart, Chris; Wilson, Rachel; Gokalp, Muhammed Sait

    2013-01-01

    In recent decades, the literature paid attention to students' conceptions of the nature of disciplines. This study aimed to investigate how students' cohesive and fragment conceptions of physics changed with a major change in senior high school physics syllabus. We obtained measures of conceptions of physics by utilizing a 20-item questionnaire…

  8. The Implementation of an Intercultural Competence Syllabus to Prepare Study-Abroad Students for Global Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kural, Faruk; Bayyurt, Yasemin

    2016-01-01

    This study presents the outcome of the implementation of a process-oriented model of an intercultural competence (IC) and English as a lingua franca (ELF)-awareness development syllabus to prepare government-sponsored Turkish international sojourners for global communication in English L1 countries. Based on social constructivist research…

  9. Teaching Context: "Synthetic and Analytic Syllabuses" in a South Korean University Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jambor, Paul Z.

    2006-01-01

    These two syllabus types are not only representative of the way languages are taught, they also reflect the general teaching styles of the West and the East. While in the West, much attention is given to the actual processes of completing the tasks, a typical Eastern approach places more emphasis on the information that is passed from the teacher…

  10. On Syllabus Design for the Specialty of Electromechanical Equipment Maintenance and Management in Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    We carried out researches on the syllabus design for the specialty of electromechanical equipment maintenance & management in vocational college. Our researches involve the following aspects: (1) The training objective of the specialty; (2) the curriculum system; (3) The teaching methodology; and (4) Field training.

  11. A Syllabus for the Study of Selective Writings by W. E. B. Dubois.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Walter

    This syllabus or teacher's guide to the life and works of Dr. W.E.B. Dubois has the following organization. An introductory section provides eulogies and tributes from important black and white leaders focusing on his stature as an educator, editor, sociologist, historian, statesman, social prophet, and race leader. The main body of the syllabus…

  12. La acción dinamizadora de los Syllabus: una experiencia en construcción.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Leonor Cedeño Sempértegui

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available La finalidad de este artículo es describir la experiencia en la revisión y evaluación de los syllabus de psicopedagogía en una facultad de Educación de una universidad privada ecuatoriana. Este análisis se realizó a 31 micro-currículos elaborados en el año 2015 ciclo A. La tarea instruccional consistió en aplicar la ficha de evaluación del syllabus del departamento de Dirección Académica. El procedimiento utilizado fue el siguiente: (1 Solicitud de syllabus a la coordinación de carrera; (2 aplicación de la ficha de evaluación; (3 comunicación de hallazgos a la directora de carrera; (4 Elaboración y entrega del informe; (5 socialización de orientaciones en talleres con docentes de la carrera. Los patrones que emergieron durante este proceso fueron el aprendizaje, el empoderamiento y las vivencias. Como consecuencia de la evaluación del micro-currículo se elabora una guía metodológica de estructuración de syllabus.

  13. The Problems of Applying Student Centered Syllabus of English in Vocational High Schools in Kendal Regency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faridi, Abdurrachman; Bahri, Seful; Nurmasitah, Sita

    2016-01-01

    This study was descriptive qualitative study aimed to investigate the problems of applying student centered syllabus in vocational high schools in Kendal regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The subjects of the study were twenty English teacher in vocational high schools in Kendal. The data were collected through observations, questionnaires, and…

  14. The use of continuous improvement techniques: A survey-based ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology ... The use of continuous improvement techniques: A survey-based study of current practices ... Prior research has focused mainly on the effect of continuous improvement practices ...

  15. The Necessity to Negotiate the Syllabus in Second Chance Schools: An Innovative Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophia Valavani

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available European unification and the scale of current economic and social change has led to the construction of a multidimensional, constantly evolving environment diversifying in languages and cultures, social communities and political constitutions. The demands for the maintenance and development of such a multifarious population are thus increased. Second Chance Schools (SCSs were established in Greece in 1999 as a special programme which offers education and training to adults “at risk of social exclusion” aiming at their social and economic integration. Diversity in SCSs demands a new approach to education and training, and the existence of multiple identities, values and cultures within SCSs challenges both trainers and trainees to cultivate mutual understanding and to promote democratic standards in order to ensure equality in education and facilitate SCS trainees’ inclusion in social, economic and cultural dimensions. This paper argues that EFL literacy in SCSs can best be developed on the basis of a negotiated syllabus which has been promoted by recent trends in educational theory as the most democratic and flexible syllabus that can offer significant opportunities for developing basic skills and qualifications and trigger processes of self-discovery, shared decision-making and responsibility. The paper draws its materials from a systematic research conducted in different SCSs in northern Greece over a period of 8 months. Adopting a mixed-method approach, I analysed data from a variety of different sources, such as official documentation, detailed questionnaires, semi-structured interviews with trainers of EFL literacy, and real time classroom observation. This paper outlines in detail the main elements of the negotiated syllabus and, on the basis of research findings, discuss why such a syllabus is appropriate to the teaching of EFL literacies. It also presents practical devices for the implementation of a negotiated syllabus, which

  16. Developing a provisional and national renal disease registry for Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sima Ajami

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Disease registry is a database that includes information about people suffering a special kind of disease. The aim of this study was to first identify and compare the National Renal Disease Registry (NRDR characteristics in some countries with Iran; and second, develop a provisional and NRDR for Iran. Materials and Methods: Retrieval of data of the NRDR was performed by scholars responsible in related agencies, including the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Renal Disease charity, and data registries in the United States, United Kingdom, Malaysia, and Iran. This research was applied, and the study was descriptive-comparative. The study population consisted of the NRDR in selected countries in which data were collected by forms that were designed according to the study objectives. Sources of data were researchers, articles, books, journals, databases, websites, related documents, and people who are active in this regard, and related agencies, including the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, and patient support charity. The researchers collected data for each country based on the study objectives and then put them in comparative tables. Data were analyzed by descriptive, comparative, and theoretical methods. Results: Most of the renal transplant teams report their own results as a single center experiences. America and Britain have a preeminent national registry of renal disease compared to other countries. Conclusion: Given that control, prevention, and treatment of chronic renal diseases incur high expenses and the disease is one of leading mortality factors in Iran and across the world and since national registry system for chronic renal diseases can provide better tools and strategies to manage and evaluate patients′ characteristics as well as risk factors which eventually leads to making better decisions.

  17. A study on provisional cements, cementation techniques, and their effects on bonding of porcelain laminate veneers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinod Kumar, G; Soorya Poduval, T; Bipin Reddy; Shesha Reddy, P

    2014-03-01

    Minimal tooth preparation is required for porcelain laminate veneers, but interim restorations are a must to protect their teeth against thermal insult, chemical irritation, and to provide aesthetics. Cement remaining after the removal of the provisional restoration can impair the etching quality of the tooth surface and fit and final bonding of the porcelain laminate veneer. This in vitro study examined the tooth surface for remaining debris of cement after removal of a provisional restoration. Determine the presence of cement debris on prepared tooth surface subsequent to the removal of provisional restoration. Determine the cement with the least residue following the cleansing procedures. Determine the effect of smear layer on the amount of residual luting cement. Eighty-four extracted natural anterior teeth were prepared for porcelain laminate veneers. For half of the teeth, the smear layer was removed before luting provisional restorations. Veneer provisional restorations were fabricated and luted to teeth with six bonding methods: varnish combined with glass ionomer cement (GIC), varnish combined with resin modified GIC, varnish, spot etching combined with dual-cure luting cement, adhesive combined with GIC, adhesive combined with resin modified GIC, and adhesive, spot etching combined with dual-cure luting cement. After removal of provisional restorations 1 week later, the tooth surface was examined for residual luting material with SEM. Traces of cement debris were found on all the prepared teeth surfaces for all six groups which were cemented with different methods. Cement debris was seen on teeth subsequent to the removal of provisional's. Dual-cure cement had the least residue following the cleansing procedures. Presence of smear layer had no statistical significance in comparison with cement residue. With the use of adhesive the cement debris was always found to be more than with the use of varnish. GIC showed maximum residual cement followed by dual-cure.

  18. Post internship student-industry collaborative projects - as vehicle for the realization of challenging parts of the CDIO syllabus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lotte Bjerregaard

    2014-01-01

    the trouble because the post internship curriculum is provided with pedagogical means to address parts of the syllabus that are on an advanced level in the learning taxonomy. The interface between the internship period and post internship student-industry collaborative projects is an important point of focus....... Inquiries into this difficult transition are presented with emphasis on the parts of the CDIO syllabus addressing System Design....

  19. Update of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) Core Syllabus for the European Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Certification Exam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Steffen E; Almeida, Ana G; Alpendurada, Francisco; Boubertakh, Redha; Bucciarelli-Ducci, Chiara; Cosyns, Bernard; Greil, Gerald F; Karamitsos, Theodoros D; Lancellotti, Patrizio; Stefanidis, Alexandros S; Tann, Oliver; Westwood, Mark; Plein, Sven

    2014-07-01

    An updated version of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) Core Syllabus for the European Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) Certification Exam is now available online. The syllabus lists key elements of knowledge in CMR. It represents a framework for the development of training curricula and provides expected knowledge-based learning outcomes to the CMR trainees, in particular those intending to demonstrate CMR knowledge in the European CMR exam, a core requirement in the CMR certification process.

  20. Mechanical properties of four methylmethacrylate-based resins for provisional fixed restorations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, E P; Oshida, Y; Platt, J A; Andres, C J; Barco, M T; Brown, D T

    2004-01-01

    The use of a provisional restoration is an important phase in the treatment of the dental prosthetic patient. A good provisional restoration should satisfy the following requirements: pulpal protection, positional stability, ease in cleaning, accurate margins, wear resistance, dimensional stability, and serve as a diagnostic aid in treatment assessment and esthetics. There is a tendency for discoloration, occlusal wear, and fracture that eventually leads to unnecessary repair. Heat-processed and reinforced methacrylate-based resins have been used to improve the mechanical and physical properties of provisional restorations. Among various improvements, the interpenetrating network crosslinked PMMA (IPN) has been shown to have superior mechanical properties if manufactured through a dough compression molding process at 130 degrees C. However, there have been no published data that relate with the use of this material for fixed provisional restorations. The objective of this study was to compare four methyl methacrylate-based resins for provisional crowns and bridges with varying processing cycles, including JET [self-cure], ACRALON [heat-cured], titanium dioxide filled PMMA [heat-cured], and IPN [heat-cured denture tooth resin]. Properties studied included transverse strength, toughness, rigidity, and hardness. From the results of this study the following conclusions can be made: the IPN group may have had a lower degree of conversion as demonstrated by decreased strength, toughness, and hardness data as compared with Acralon. Increasing the polymerization cycle of unmodified Acralon resin causes a significant increase in strength.

  1. The EC4 European syllabus for post-graduate training in clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wieringa, Gijsbert; Zerah, Simone; Jansen, Rob

    2012-01-01

    Laboratory medicine's practitioners across the European community include medical, scientific and pharmacy trained specialists whose contributions to health and healthcare is in the application of diagnostic tests for screening and early detection of disease, differential diagnosis, monitoring......, management and treatment of patients, and their prognostic assessment. In submitting a revised common syllabus for post-graduate education and training across the 27 member states an expectation is set for harmonised, high quality, safe practice. In this regard an extended 'Core knowledge, skills...... and competencies' division embracing all laboratory medicine disciplines is described. For the first time the syllabus identifies the competencies required to meet clinical leadership demands for defining, directing and assuring the efficiency and effectiveness of laboratory services as well as expectations...

  2. DESIGNING A SYLLABUS OF COLLABORATIVE ENGLISH TEACHING FOR PHYSICS STUDY PROGRAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esti Junining

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The recommended model of teaching English for students of non-English department is collaborative teaching which provides subject lecturer‘s involvement in the curriculum design. This paper reported the process of designing a syllabus of collaborative teaching for ESP teaching in Indonesian context. As a part of curriculum design, this ESP syllabus focuses on content area reading in the area of physics. Several text types commonly used in physics department and vocabulary building of academic word lists and the ones related to physics area study were elaborated as well. The paper concludes that the implementation of this program needs high commitment from the stakeholders in order to make the program successfully implemented.

  3. Learning Theory Bases of Communicative Methodology and the Notional/Functional Syllabus

    OpenAIRE

    Jacqueline D., Beebe

    1992-01-01

    This paper examines the learning theories that underlie the philosophy and practices known as communicative language teaching methodology. These theories are identified first as a reaction against the behavioristic learning theory of audiolingualism. Approaches to syllabus design based on both the "weak" version of communicative language teaching-learning to use the second language-and the "strong" version-using the second language to learn it-are examined. The application of cognitive theory...

  4. A Critical Review of EFL Writing Syllabus at Tertiary Level in the Arab World

    OpenAIRE

    El-Sadig Ezza; Khaled Al-Mudibry

    2014-01-01

    Research into the written performance of Arab EFL learners centres for the most part upon their failure to handle a variety of assignments as prescribed by the writing syllabus.  All things considered, writing problems are primarily attributed to the students’ linguistic incompetence, immature mastery of rhetorical structure of the English text and Arabic discourse transfer (Al-Khuweileh and Al-Shoumali, 2000; Al-Hazmi and Schofield, 2007) By contrast, educational policies and teaching usuall...

  5. Learning Theory Bases of Communicative Methodology and the Notional/Functional Syllabus

    OpenAIRE

    Jacqueline D., Beebe

    1992-01-01

    This paper examines the learning theories that underlie the philosophy and practices known as communicative language teaching methodology. These theories are identified first as a reaction against the behavioristic learning theory of audiolingualism. Approaches to syllabus design based on both the "weak" version of communicative language teaching-learning to use the second language-and the "strong" version-using the second language to learn it-are examined. The application of cognitive theory...

  6. Immediate provisional restoration of a single-tooth implant in the esthetic zone: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Po-Sung Fu

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Immediate implant restoration of single implants may demonstrate a positive effect on peri-implant soft tissue. Placement of a provisional restoration following implant surgery can create soft tissue contours that resemble normal gingival topography before placement of the definitive prosthesis. This article describes a staged approach of the mandibular permanent right central incisor, which was congenital missing. The proper space for restoration of the missing incisor was created through orthodontic treatment. The scheduled implant site was reconstructed using autogenous bone harvested from the chin region. After a healing period of four months, an implant was installed with the connection of a fixed provisional crown to a prefabricated temporary abutment. The soft tissue around the implant healed according to the contours of the provisional restoration and the emergence profile was used to duplicate the definitive restoration. Peri-implant esthetics was achieved through the staged approach and immediate restoration of the implant.

  7. Evaluating the performance of survey-based operational management procedures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pomarede, M.; Hillary, R.; Ibaibarriaga, L.; Bogaards, J.A.; Apostolaki, P.

    2010-01-01

    The design and evaluation of survey-based management strategies is addressed in this article, using three case-study fisheries: North Sea herring, Bay of Biscay anchovy and North Sea cod, with a brief history and the main management issues with each fishery outlined. A range of operational managemen

  8. The Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation provisional criteria for the evaluation of response to therapy in juvenile dermatomyositis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruperto, Nicolino; Pistorio, Angela; Ravelli, Angelo

    2010-01-01

    To develop a provisional definition for the evaluation of response to therapy in juvenile dermatomyositis (DM) based on the Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation juvenile DM core set of variables.......To develop a provisional definition for the evaluation of response to therapy in juvenile dermatomyositis (DM) based on the Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation juvenile DM core set of variables....

  9. 76 FR 49453 - CVS Pharmacy, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... COMMISSION CVS Pharmacy, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY: Consumer... Agreement with CVS Pharmacy, Inc., containing a civil penalty of $45,000.00. DATES: Any interested person... 1. In accordance with 16 CFR 1118.20, CVS Pharmacy, Inc. (``CVS'') and the U.S. Consumer Product...

  10. Provisional hourly values of equatorial dst for July, August, September and October 1972

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugiura, M.; Poros, D. J.

    1973-01-01

    The tabulated hourly magnetic storm-time variation (Dst) values were obtained using the four Dst stations of Hermanus, Kakioka, Honolulu, and San Juan. The provisional Dst values for July, August, and September 1972 previously published by World Data Center A and Goddard Space Flight Center are superseded by these values.

  11. 75 FR 55777 - Pro-Pac Distributing Corp., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... COMMISSION Pro-Pac Distributing Corp., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY... Agreement with Pro-Pac Distributing Corp., containing a civil penalty of $125,000.00. DATES: Any interested... STATES OF AMERICA CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION In the Matter of: Pro-Pac Distributing Corp...

  12. Effect of nightguard vital bleaching gel on the color stability of provisional restorative materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salwa Omar Bajunaid

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: Composite-based provisional material showed highest color stability when exposed to vital tooth bleaching gel, whereas methacrylate-based material was the least color stable. Polycarbonate crowns were more color stable when exposed to 15% bleaching gel as opposed to 10% bleaching gel.

  13. NGE64/19: Regulaci??n de la jornada laboral, con car??cter provisional

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Resoluci??n de la Gerencia, de 10 de septiembre de 2012, por la que se regula la jornada laboral, con car??cter provisional, para dar cumplimiento a lo establecido en la Ley 2/2012 y en el Real Decreto Ley 20/2012.

  14. A provisional check list of the reptiles and amphibians of Golden Gate Highlands National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.F. Bates

    1991-09-01

    Full Text Available A provisional check list of 26 reptile and amphibian species (8 frog, 8 lizard and 10 snake species occurring in Golden Gate Highlands National Park is presented. The list does not reflect the results of an intensive survey, but is a record of specimens collected in the park and preserved at the National Museum, Bloemfontein.

  15. Comparative in vitro evaluation of CAD/CAM vs conventional provisional crowns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adil Othman ABDULLAH

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective This study compared the marginal gap, internal fit, fracture strength, and mode of fracture of CAD/CAM provisional crowns with that of direct provisional crowns. Material and Methods An upper right first premolar phantom tooth was prepared for full ceramic crown following tooth preparation guidelines. The materials tested were: VITA CAD-Temp®, Polyetheretherketone “PEEK”, Telio CAD-Temp, and Protemp™4 (control group. The crowns were divided into four groups (n=10, Group1: VITA CAD-Temp®, Group 2: PEEK, Group 3: Telio CAD-Temp, and Group 4: Protemp™4. Each crown was investigated for marginal and internal fit, fracture strength, and mode of fracture. Statistical analysis was performed using GraphPad Prism software version 6.0. Results The average marginal gap was: VITA CAD-Temp® 60.61 (±9.99 µm, PEEK 46.75 (±8.26 µm, Telio CAD-Temp 56.10 (±5.65 µm, and Protemp™4 193.07(±35.96 µm (P0.05. Conclusions CAD/CAM fabricated provisional crowns demonstrated superior fit and better strength than direct provisional crowns.

  16. Provisional energy balance of France for 2002; Bilan energetique provisoire de la France pour 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    A provisional energy accounting in France for 2002 is presented. Statistical data and diagrams are provided to detail and discuss the economical and energy context, the primary energy consumption, the national production and the energy dependence, the primary energy consumption for each energy source, the sectorial analysis of the energy consumption and the carbon dioxide emissions. (A.L.B.)

  17. 76 FR 58784 - Bad Boy Enterprises, LLC, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-22

    ... COMMISSION Bad Boy Enterprises, LLC, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY... Agreement with Bad Boy Enterprises, LLC, containing a civil penalty of $715,000.00. DATES: Any interested... accordance with 16 CFR 1118.20, Bad Boy Enterprises, LLC (``Bad Boy'') and staff (``Staff'') of the...

  18. Comparative in vitro evaluation of CAD/CAM vs conventional provisional crowns

    Science.gov (United States)

    ABDULLAH, Adil Othman; TSITROU, Effrosyni A; POLLINGTON, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective This study compared the marginal gap, internal fit, fracture strength, and mode of fracture of CAD/CAM provisional crowns with that of direct provisional crowns. Material and Methods An upper right first premolar phantom tooth was prepared for full ceramic crown following tooth preparation guidelines. The materials tested were: VITA CAD-Temp®, Polyetheretherketone “PEEK”, Telio CAD-Temp, and Protemp™4 (control group). The crowns were divided into four groups (n=10), Group1: VITA CAD-Temp®, Group 2: PEEK, Group 3: Telio CAD-Temp, and Group 4: Protemp™4. Each crown was investigated for marginal and internal fit, fracture strength, and mode of fracture. Statistical analysis was performed using GraphPad Prism software version 6.0. Results The average marginal gap was: VITA CAD-Temp® 60.61 (±9.99) µm, PEEK 46.75 (±8.26) µm, Telio CAD-Temp 56.10 (±5.65) µm, and Protemp™4 193.07(±35.96) µm (P0.05). Conclusions CAD/CAM fabricated provisional crowns demonstrated superior fit and better strength than direct provisional crowns. PMID:27383707

  19. 76 FR 62785 - Nordica USA, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... COMMISSION Nordica USA, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY: Consumer Product... Agreement with Nordica USA, containing a civil penalty of $214,000.00. DATES: Any interested person may ask... Agreement 1. In accordance with 16 CFR 1118.20, Nordica USA (``Nordica'') and staff of the United...

  20. EU dissemination of the provisional ultra-low-temperature scale, PLTS-2000

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruby, R.; Head, D.; Cousins, D.; Schöttl, S.; Flokstra, J.; Veldhuis, D.

    2003-01-01

    Following the introduction of the provisional low-temperature scale from 0.9 mK to 1K, PLTS-2000, there is a need for primary and secondary thermometers and fixed points, which can disseminate the scale to users. This paper reports on the progress, within the EU collaborative project ‘ULT Disseminat

  1. 课程标准与考试大纲%Curriculum Standards and the Examination Syllabus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宝和; 赵雪

    2016-01-01

    As two important guiding documents for educators, curriculum standards and the examination syllabus have close ties but assume very different roles. Curriculum standards are the specifications and requirements of the curriculum, guiding the instruction of the subject during the whole academic year. The examination syllabus, however, provides guidance for test item development and students’test preparation. Clarifying the relationship between curriculum standards and the examination syllabus and having a profound understanding of their essential roles are of great importance in terms of deepening the College Entrance Examination reform and the curriculum reform, fully implementing the party’s education policy and providing satisfactory education to the people.%课程标准和考试大纲是教育工作者必须面对的两个纲领性文件,它们之间有着密切的联系,却承担着截然不同的教育功能。课程标准是对学科课程的规范和要求,统领整个学段的学科教学;考试大纲是教育考试命题和考生备考的直接依据。厘清课程标准与考试大纲之间的关系,深刻认识课程标准与考试大纲的本质功能,无论对于深化高考改革还是深化课程改革,以及全面落实党的教育方针,办好人民满意的教育,都具有十分重要的意义。

  2. Fostering Autonomy Through Syllabus Design: A Step-by-Step Guide for Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexánder Ramírez Espinosa

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Promoting learner autonomy is relevant in the field of applied linguistics due to the multiple benefits it brings to the process of learning a new language. However, despite the vast array of research on how to foster autonomy in the language classroom, it is difficult to find step-by-step processes to design syllabi and curricula focused on the development of learner autonomy. This paper presents a model of a successful English course, implemented at Universidad del Valle (Colombia, which is expected to serve as a practical guide to articulate the stages of design, implementation, and evaluation of an autonomy-fostering syllabus.

  3. Hip Hop Syllabus: AME/MUS 303 Hip Hop: Art, Culture, and Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Hentges

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This syllabus represents a course taught online through the University of Maine at Augusta in the fall of 2011 (and every otheryear thereafter. Critical pedagogy can be a challenge in any classroom, and the challenges in an online classroom are compounded. However, the subject matter and approach of Hip Hop can be a powerful tool in teaching students critical thinking skills as well in laying a foundation for interdisciplinary and intersectional theory; here these elements are represented through curriculum—the themes, texts, contexts,approaches, structure, and assignments.

  4. Critical Considerations on the Internal Medicine Syllabus implemented since 2010 in Undergraduate Medical Degrees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor René Navarro Machado

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available For the medical university to fulfill its social role, changing conditions of society, medical education and medical practice together with periodic review of their training plans should be considered. This article aims at analyzing the current syllabus (2010 for teaching Internal Medicine in undergraduate medical degrees and justifying the proposed changes. In the context of the medical university of Cienfuegos, the eight aspects that constitute the syllabus were analyzed by document review and key informant interviews. Changes in the objectives, thematic plan, and contents for each topic were proposed; methodological orientations, evaluation system and literature were suggested. A central module for elective time was proposed as well as a new evaluation card for practice activities. Proposed changes respond to transformations in the clinical practice, the development of the educational process and social needs, not only those of Cuba. Academic activities will be properly developed provided that changes contribute to the quality of the educational process and forecasts consider present and future changes in the health- disease process.

  5. Access to a syllabus of human hemoglobin variants (1996) via the World Wide Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardison, R C; Chui, D H; Riemer, C R; Miller, W; Carver, M F; Molchanova, T P; Efremov, G D; Huisman, T H

    1998-03-01

    Information on mutations in human hemoglobin is important in many efforts, including understanding the pathophysiology of hemoglobin diseases, developing therapies, elucidating the dynamics of sequence alterations inhuman populations, and dissecting the details of protein structure/function relationships. Currently, information is available on a large number of mutations and variants, but is distributed among thousands of papers. In an effort to organize this voluminous data set, two Syllabi have been prepared compiling succinct information on human hemoglobin abnormalities. In both of these, each entry provides amino acid and/or DNA sequence alterations, hematological and clinical data, methodology used for characterization, ethnic distribution, and functional properties and stability of the hemoglobin, together with appropriate literature references. A Syllabus of Human Hemoglobin Variants (1996) describes 693 abnormal hemoglobins resulting from alterations in the alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-globin chains, including special abnormalities such as double mutations, hybrid chains, elongated chains, deletions, and insertions. We have converted this resource to an electronic form that is accessible via the World Wide Web at the Globin Gene Server (http://globin.cse.psu.edu). Hyperlinks are provided from each entry in the tables of variants to the corresponding full description. In addition, a simple query interface allows the user to find all entries containing a designated word or phrase. We are in the process of converting A Syllabus of Thalassemia Mutations (1997) to a similar electronic format.

  6. An implant-supported, screw-retained, provisional fixed partial denture for pontic site enhancement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitrani, Ricardo; Phillips, Keith; Kois, John C

    2005-01-01

    Due to remodeling of the edentulous ridge following tooth extraction, clinicians and dental technicians face a variety of challenges when attempting to deliver an aesthetic fixed partial denture for the anterior maxilla. An implant-supported, screw-retained fixed partial denture provisional restoration can be utilized in order to manipulate the pontic site with predictable success. This technique can create the illusion of pontics emerging from the soft tissue, creating a natural-looking effect for seating of the definitive restoration.

  7. El desarrollo de la protección provisional en África

    OpenAIRE

    Wood, Tamara

    2015-01-01

    Los planes oficiales de protección provisional en África podrían mejorar significativamente el acceso al uso y disfrute de tierras y los derechos humanos de las personas desplazadas a través de fronteras a causa de desastres. Dichos planes deberían sumarse a las actuales obligaciones de protección de los Estados.

  8. How Informative Are Interest Rate Survey-based Forecasts?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateus A. Feitosa

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the information content of survey-based predictions for the Brazilian short-term interest rate. We perform vector autoregression analysis to test for the dynamic relationship between market expectations of interest rates and spot interest rates, and a single regression forecasting approach. Empirical results suggest that surveys may be useful in assessing market expectations (contain relevant information and in building Central Bank credibility. Within an inflation targeting framework they are crucial in order to receive timely feedback on market sentiment regarding the conduct of monetary policy.

  9. Two Commentaries on Ron Sheen's "A Critical Analysis of the Advocacy of the Task-Based Syllabus." A Reader Reacts... [and] On the Advocacy of the Task-Based Syllabus [and] The Author Responds....

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunan, David; And Others

    1994-01-01

    An author, David Nunan, responds to a previous article that criticizes his advocacy of task-based syllabuses. Another author, Michael Long, points out inaccuracies in the criticism, and the author of the criticism, Ron Sheen, defends his earlier claim. (45 references) (JL)

  10. Two Commentaries on Ron Sheen's "A Critical Analysis of the Advocacy of the Task-Based Syllabus." A Reader Reacts... [and] On the Advocacy of the Task-Based Syllabus [and] The Author Responds....

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunan, David; And Others

    1994-01-01

    An author, David Nunan, responds to a previous article that criticizes his advocacy of task-based syllabuses. Another author, Michael Long, points out inaccuracies in the criticism, and the author of the criticism, Ron Sheen, defends his earlier claim. (45 references) (JL)

  11. A randomized trial of a dedicated bifurcation stent versus provisional stenting in the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Généreux, Philippe; Kumsars, Indulis; Lesiak, Maciej; Kini, Annapoorna; Fontos, Géza; Slagboom, Ton; Ungi, Imre; Metzger, D. Christopher; Wykrzykowska, Joanna J.; Stella, Pieter R.; Bartorelli, Antonio L.; Fearon, William F.; Lefèvre, Thierry; Feldman, Robert L.; Lasalle, Laura; Francese, Dominic P.; Onuma, Yoshinobu; Grundeken, Maik J.; Garcia-Garcia, Hector M.; Laak, Linda L.; Cutlip, Donald E.; Kaplan, Aaron V.; Serruys, Patrick W.; Leon, Martin B.

    2015-01-01

    Background Bifurcation lesions are frequent among patients with symptomatic coronary disease treated by percutaneous coronary intervention. Current evidence recommends a conservative (provisional) approach when treating the side branch (SB). Objectives The TRYTON (Prospective, Single Blind, Randomiz

  12. The Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation provisional criteria for the evaluation of response to therapy in juvenile dermatomyositis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruperto, Nicolino; Pistorio, Angela; Ravelli, Angelo

    2010-01-01

    To develop a provisional definition for the evaluation of response to therapy in juvenile dermatomyositis (DM) based on the Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation juvenile DM core set of variables....

  13. In vitro comparative evaluation of the effect of two different fiber reinforcements on the fracture toughness of provisional restorative resins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaibhav D Kamble

    2012-01-01

    Clinical Implications: On the basis of this in--vitro study, the use of Glass and Polyethylene fibers tested may be an effective way to reinforce resins used to fabricate fixed provisional restorations.

  14. Provisional stenting in the real world: results in 1058 consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary angioplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ten Berg, Jurriën M; Kelder, Johannes C; Suttorp, Maarten Jan; Plokker, Thijs HW

    2001-09-01

    OBJECTIVE: To study a strategy of aggressive coronary balloon angioplasty with provisional stenting in allcomers. In randomized trials, stenting has improved the outcome of patients undergoing coronary intervention. However, whether these results hold up in clinical practice is largely unknown. Furthermore, the results of balloon angioplasty have also improved dramatically. It is therefore essential to evaluate the current results of balloon angioplasty and to assess whether stents are required in all patients. METHODS: The authors prospectively studied the occurrence of death, myocardial infarction (MI) and target lesion revascularization (TLR) of a large consecutive group of patients undergoing aggressive balloon angioplasty with provisional stenting. None of the patients received a platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor blocker. The results were compared with the outcome of routine stenting in recent randomized trials. RESULTS: Angioplasty was performed in 1058 patients of whom 369 (34.9%) received a stent. The angiographic success rate was 98.9%. During hospital stay, 4.8% of the patients suffered any cardiac event. At one-year follow-up, death occurred in 1.1%, MI in 3.3%, TLR in 12.4% and any event in 16.7% of the patients. Event-free survival at one-year was 82.3%. These results compare favorably with routine stenting in recent trials. CONCLUSIONS: Aggressive balloon angioplasty with provisional stenting yields excellent results in a general patient population.

  15. Provisional reporting of polytrauma CT by on-call radiology registrars. Is it Safe?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Briggs, R.H., E-mail: robbriggs@hotmail.co.u [Department of Radiology, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds (United Kingdom); Rowbotham, E.; Johnstone, A.L.; Chalmers, A.G. [Department of Radiology, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds (United Kingdom)

    2010-08-15

    Aim: To assess the accuracy of provisional reporting and the impact on patient management. Materials and methods: Over a 6 month period, 137 polytrauma computed tomography (CT) examinations were performed by on-call registrar radiologists at our institution. After exclusions, 130 cases were analysed. Discrepancies between registrar and consultant reports were reviewed and classified as either major or minor dependent on potential impact on patient safety. The relationship between seniority of reporting registrar and likelihood of a missed finding was analysed using the Chi-square test. Results: Of the 130 patients, 46 (35%) had a serious injury, 36 (28%) a minor injury, and 48 (38%) no identifiable injury on CT. There were 32 (25%) patients with discrepancies of which 24 (18%) had missed or significantly under-reported findings and eight (6%) overcalled findings. There were six misses classified as major; the remaining 18 were classified as minor. No association was found between the seniority of reporting registrar and the likelihood of a miss (p = 0.96). Conclusion: The incidence of major discrepancies between the provisional and final report was low and did not lead to any significant clinical deterioration. Our study provides a reference of the commonly missed injuries. We conclude that registrar provisional reporting of polytrauma is safe; however, note that a large proportion of examinations are normal and that further work is required to produce robust criteria given the radiation risk to a young population group scanned in trauma.

  16. Influence of immediate loading on provisional restoration in dental implant stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikbal, M.; Odang, R. W.; Indrasari, M.; Dewi, R. S.

    2017-08-01

    The success of dental implant treatment is determined by the primary stability at placement. One factor that could influence this stability is occlusal loading through provisional restoration. Two types of loading protocols are usually used: immediate and delayed loading. However, some controversies remain about the influence of occlusal loading on implant stability. Therefore, the influence of immediate loading on implant stability must be studied. An animal study was conducted by placing nine dental implants in the mandibular jaw of three Macaca fascicularis. Provisional restorations with various occlusal contacts (no, light, and normal contact) were placed on the implant. The implant stability was measured using the Ostell ISQ three times: immediately (baseline) and at the first and second months after implant placement. The implant stability between implants with no and normal occlusal contact as well as light and normal occlusal contact showed significant differences (p 0.05) in implant stability was seen at the baseline and the first and second months after implant placement for all occlusal contact groups. Immediate loading influenced the implant stability, and provisional restoration of implant without occlusal contact showed the highest implant stability.

  17. The Language Element in the Somerset Mode III Integrated European Studies Syllabus and Its Relevance to the Less Able Pupil

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Barrie

    1974-01-01

    The Somerset CSE Mode III integrated European Studies syllabus, which contains a French language course, is aimed at the lower and below CSE candidate. The second language element of the course is described and reasons for constructing such a course for less able students are discussed. (RM)

  18. Food in Relation to Sustainable Development Expressed in Swedish Syllabuses of Home and Consumer Studies: At Present and Past

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gisslevik, Emmalee; Wernersson, Inga; Åberg, Helena; Larsson, Christel

    2016-01-01

    Little is known what the term sustainable development entails in relation to the school subject of home and consumer studies and the subject's knowledge area of food. The aim is to illustrate how food is expressed in national syllabuses of home and consumer studies at present and in the past, and its operationalization into sustainable…

  19. More Content or More Policy? A Closer Look at Syllabus Detail, Instructor Gender, and Perceptions of Instructor Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Jade S.; Bugeja, Ashley D.; Barber, Larissa K.

    2014-01-01

    Research has suggested that a lengthier course syllabus may increase positive impressions of instructor effectiveness. In this investigation, we disentangle the effects of adding restrictive course boundary information from the addition of course content information. Furthermore, we examine the role of instructor gender as a moderator of the…

  20. The development of a core syllabus for the teaching of head and neck anatomy to medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tubbs, R Shane; Sorenson, Edward P; Sharma, Amit; Benninger, Brion; Norton, Neil; Loukas, Marios; Moxham, Bernard J

    2014-04-01

    The study of human anatomy has traditionally served as a fundamental component in the basic science education of medical students, yet there exists a remarkable lack of firm guidance on essential features that must be included in a gross anatomy course, which would constitute a "Core Syllabus" of absolutely mandatory structures and related clinical pathologies. While universal agreement on the details of a core syllabus is elusive, there is a general consensus that a core syllabus aims to identify the minimum level of knowledge expected of recently qualified medical graduates in order to carry out clinical procedures safely and effectively, while avoiding overloading students with unnecessary facts that have less immediate application to their future careers as clinicians. This paper aims to identify consensus standards of essential features of Head and Neck anatomy via a Delphi Panel consisting of anatomists and clinicians who evaluated syllabus content structures (greater than 1,000) as "essential", "important", "acceptable", or "not required." The goal is to provide guidance for program/course directors who intend to provide the optimal balance between establishing a comprehensive list of clinically relevant essential structures and an overwhelming litany, which would otherwise overburden trainees in their initial years of medical school with superficial rote learning, which potentially dilutes the key and enduring fundamental lessons that prepare students for training in any medical field. Copyright © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Origin of the Species: An Epistemological Tale of Classroom Management Theory and the Evolution of a Teacher Preparation Course Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hertel, Nichole L.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation dually explores the topics of classroom management theory as it occurs in teacher preparation programs in American colleges of education and of curriculum syllabus design of undergraduate education classes teaching such. It begins with the classroom management and teaching pedagogical knowledges gained through my experience as a…

  2. Designing a Competence-Based Syllabus for Turkish Speaking Learners of English in Terms of Accessibility to Universal Grammar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seker, Emrullah

    2016-01-01

    This study focuses on designing an English grammar syllabus for Turkish speaking English learners, which is based on the assumption that learning English grammar will be simpler and easier for Turkish speaking learners if it is introduced in a way by which they can achieve accessibility to Universal Grammar. In this study, I analyze almost all…

  3. Food in Relation to Sustainable Development Expressed in Swedish Syllabuses of Home and Consumer Studies: At Present and Past

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gisslevik, Emmalee; Wernersson, Inga; Åberg, Helena; Larsson, Christel

    2016-01-01

    Little is known what the term sustainable development entails in relation to the school subject of home and consumer studies and the subject's knowledge area of food. The aim is to illustrate how food is expressed in national syllabuses of home and consumer studies at present and in the past, and its operationalization into sustainable…

  4. "Many Students Really Do Not Yet Know How to Behave!": The Syllabus as a Tool for Socialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulik, Gayle; Keys, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzes the content and discursive strategies within 39 introductory-level sociology course syllabi published in TRAILS, the Teaching Resources and Innovations Library of the American Sociological Association, from two different time periods (2004 and 2010) to explore the syllabus as a tool for socialization. We find that syllabi,…

  5. Comparative Evaluation of Flexural Strength of Provisional Crown and Bridge Materials-An Invitro Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ankita; Garg, Sandeep

    2016-08-01

    Provisional restorations serve a key role as a functional and esthetic try-in for the design of the final prosthesis. During selection of materials for this restoration, clinicians must consider physical properties, ease of handling, cost and patient satisfaction and approval. To evaluate and compare the flexural strength of provisional crown and bridge materials available commercially. This in-vitro study was done to compare the flexural strength of six temporary crown and bridge materials available commercially at 24 hours, 8 days and after repair. Three poly methyl methacrylate based materials (DPI, SC10 and Trulon) and three bis-acrylic based composite resins (Protemp, Cooltemp and Luxatemp) were selected. A total of 72 specimens of dimensions 64mm×10mm×2.5mm were prepared from these materials (12 from each material) and divided into two groups (n=36). Specimens were stored in artificial saliva and were fractured after 24 hours and 8 days using Universal Testing Machine. The fractured samples from the 8 days study were then subjected to repair. A uniform space of 2mm and a 450 bevel was maintained for all the repaired samples for better distribution of forces. Flexural strength of these repaired samples was recorded using the same machine. RESULTs were recorded and statistically analysed by one-way Anova and Post hoc tests. RESULTs revealed that there was decrease in flexural strength for all the materials tested from 24 hours to 8 days, though flexural strength between poly methyl methacrylate and bis-acrylic resins was similar at 24 hours and 8 days time interval. A substantial decrease was noticed in the strength of bis-acrylic composite resins after repair. From the current study it can be suggested that though there is decrease in flexural strength for all the materials from 24 hours to 8 days, both can be used to fabricate the provisional restorations. However, in the event of a fracture of a bis-acrylic provisional restoration, it may be more

  6. Developing a third-year emergency medicine medical student curriculum: a syllabus of content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tews, Matthew C; Wyte, Collette Marie Ditz; Coltman, Marion; Grekin, Peter A; Hiller, Kathy; Oyama, Leslie C; Pandit, Kiran; Manthey, David E

    2011-10-01

    Emergency medicine (EM) educators have published several curricular guides designed for medical student rotations and experiences. These guides primarily provided brief overviews of opportunities to incorporate EM into all 4 years of the medical student curriculum, with one specific to the fourth year. However, there are no published guidelines specific to third-year medical students rotating in EM. Given the differences between third-year and fourth-year students in terms of clinical experience, knowledge, and skills, the Clerkship Directors in Emergency Medicine (CDEM) established the Third-year EM Medical Student Curriculum Work Group to create a third-year curriculum. The work group began this process by developing consensus-based recommendations for the content of a third-year medical student EM rotation, which are presented in this syllabus.

  7. Comparison of the color stability of provisional restorative materials after storing in different drinks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merve Bankoğlu Güngör

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to compare the color stability of provisional restorative materials after stroring in different drinks. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Thirty specimens (10 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness were prepared from three different materials (Temdent, TRIAD ve TelioCAD. Specimens were divided into six groups according to drinks (distilled water, coffee, tea, cola, red wine and fruit juice; n=5. Specimens were stored in these drinks at 37 °C for 48 hours. The L*, a*, b* values of the specimens were measured with a spectrophometer and recorded before and after storing in drinks. Then ΔE* values were calculated. The data were statistically analyzed using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA and Tukey’s HSD post hoc tests (α=0.05. RESULTS: Difference between the ΔE* values of specimens stored in different drinks was statistically significant (p<0.05. Color change of TelioCAD specimens was smallest in cola drink and greatest in red wine. Color change of Temdent specimens was smallest in fruit juice and greatest in coffee. For TRIAD specimens, greater color change was observed in coffee, red wine, and tea, in descending order. When the results of storing in the same drink were compared, TRIAD showed the greatest values of color change in coffee and red wine in comparison to the other provisional materials (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: Color stability changed according to the type of the provisional material and the drink. When the drinks were evaluated, greater color changes were observed in coffee, and when the materials were evaluated greater color changes were observed in TRIAD.

  8. Antibacterial activity and tensile strength of provisional cements modified with fluoridecontaining varnish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewinstein, Israel; Stoleru-Baron, Johanna; Block, Jonatan; Kfir, Anda; Matalon, Shlomo; Ormianer, Zeev

    2013-02-01

    To test three noneugenol provisional cements (TempBond NE, RelyX Temp NE, and Freegenol) for their antibacterial properties and to test the hypothesis that addition of fluoride varnish confers antibacterial properties on these provisional cements without compromising their tensile strength. A total of 576 cylindrical samples were prepared (96 of each of six types) from three noneugenol provisional cements, both unmodified and modified by the addition of 5% w/w Duraphat fluoride varnish. The samples were aged in saline that was replaced twice a week for up to 90 days. Twenty-four samples of each type were removed from the saline at 1, 7, 30, or 90 days and assessed for antibacterial properties against Streptococcus mutans by using an agar diffusion test (n = 12) and tensile strength by using a diametral tensile strength test (n = 12). Data were subjected to one- and three-way ANOVA, the Tukey honestly significant difference test, and t test at a significance level of .002 (P fluoride varnish. Freegenol had the highest antibacterial activity in its unmodified form, which was not altered by the addition of the varnish. RelyX Temp NE had mild antibacterial activity that was slightly enhanced by adding the varnish. Adding the varnish reduced the tensile strength of TempBond NE and Freegenol, but did not affect the tensile strength of RelyX Temp NE. Antibacterial activity was observed for the unmodified form of Freegenol and TempBond NE after the addition of the fluoride varnish. The addition of the fluoride varnish reduced the tensile strength of both TempBond NE and Freegenol.

  9. Evolution of human posture and bipedal locomotion within a provisional time frame of harsh climate changes

    OpenAIRE

    Kurbel, Sven; Rapan, Saša

    2015-01-01

    In this review paper several emerging issues related to development of human posture and locomotion are arranged in a provisional time frame. Accumulated evidences show that the Eurasian climate was often cold and arid with abundant dust in the atmosphere during the last 500 Ky. These dusty periods of cold, aridity and low insolation lasted from 360 to 340 Kya, 270 to 255 Kya, 170 to 130 Kya, 80 to 60 and finally 40 to 10 Kya. They coincide with migrations of Neanderthals a...

  10. A Syllabus Design of College Integrated English Class in China----On the Integration of Task-based Teaching and Classroom-based Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Cui Zheng

    2013-01-01

    The national College English Curriculum Requirements in China focus on college students’ overall English ability, students’ self-learning ability and teachers’ objective assessment towards students as well. This paper thus designed a syllabus for college Integrated English class based on syllabus design standard by Nunan, task-based language teaching theory by Ellis and the classroom-based assessment theory by Gottlieb and Brown and Abeywickrama. Task-based teaching and classroom-based assess...

  11. Restoring the gingival contour by means of provisional resin crowns after single-implant treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jemt, T

    1999-02-01

    A consecutive group of 55 patients was treated with 63 single-implant restorations. The soft tissue was allowed to heal to either provisional resin crowns (n = 25) that were placed at the time of second-stage surgery, or to healing abutments (n = 38) before final crown insertion. An index that assessed the size of the interproximal mucosa adjacent to the single-implant restorations was used to evaluate the volume of the papillae 2 years after crown insertion. The results indicated that the use of provisional crowns may restore soft tissue contour faster than healing abutments alone, but the papillae adjacent to single-implant restorations presented similar volume in both groups after 2 years in function. Furthermore, the mean marginal bone loss at the implants was 0.9 mm after 1 year, and no differences were observed between the 2 groups. The present data focus on the need for more scientific data to evaluate different clinical procedures for optimizing esthetic results in implant dentistry.

  12. ROLE OF THYROID FUNCTION TEST IN CASES WITH PROVISIONAL DIAGNOSIS OF DYSFUNCTIONAL UTERINE BLEEDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiva Kumar

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is an abnormal bleeding from the uterus in absence of organic disease of genital tract and demonstrable extragenital cause. Thyroid dysfunction is marked by large number of menstrual aberrations. This study aimed at detecting thyroid dysfunction and further evaluating in patients with a provisional diagnosis of DUB. METHODS One hundred cases of clinically diagnosed DUB were taken from Gynaecology OPD and in patients of OBG Department VIMS, Bellary. All patients from puberty to premenopausal age groups presenting as menorrhagia, acyclical metropathia, polymenorrhagia, metrorrhagia, oligomenorrhoea, polymenorrhoea and hypomenorrhoea were tested for their thyroid function by T3, T4, TSH estimations in their serum. Patients who had clinical symptoms and signs of thyroid disease, was on hormonal treatment, IUCD users, or had bleeding disorders were excluded from the study. RESULTS A 23% of patients who were studied had thyroid dysfunction of which 13% of patients had subclinical hypothyroidism, 7% of patients had hypothyroidism and only 3% of patients had hyperthyroidism. The commonest bleeding abnormality in subclinical hypothyroid patients were polymenorrhoea and menorrhagia. All hyperthyroid cases were oligomenorrhoeic. CONCLUSION Both subclinical hypothyroid and profoundly hypothyroid cases together were the commonest thyroid dysfunction and menorrhagia was their commonest menstrual abnormality. So this study concludes that biochemical evaluation of thyroid functioning should be made mandatory in all provisionally diagnosed cases of DUB to detect thyroid dysfunction.

  13. Evaluation of surface physical properties of acrylic resins for provisional prosthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Paulo Hilgenberg

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Acrylic resins used for provisional prostheses should have satisfactory superficial characteristics in order to ensure gingival health and low bacterial attachment. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the superficial roughness and contact angle after two types of polishing and the Vickers hardness of three acrylic resins (Duralay - G1, Dencrilay - G2, and Dencor - G3, all shade 66, indicated for provisional fixed prostheses. Five 20 x 3 ± 1 mm diameter discoid specimens were obtained for each group. One side of the specimens was subjected to standard polishing (pumice and whiting slurry, and the opposite side was polished with special tips. The mean roughness and contact angles of the materials were measured. The specimens were subjected to the Vickers microhardness test, which indicated that standard polishing produced a surface roughness equivalent to that of the special tips. The contact angles obtained with the standard polishing were equivalent to those observed in the special tips group. The microhardness of G1 and G3 resins showed statistical differences.

  14. Finite element analysis of provisional structures of implant-supported complete prostheses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carneiro, Bruno Albuquerque; de Brito, Rui Barbosa; França, Fabiana Mantovani Gomes

    2014-04-01

    The use of provisional resin implant-supported complete dentures is a fast and safe procedure to restore mastication and esthetics of patients soon after surgery and during the adaptation phase to the new denture. This study assessed stress distribution of provisional implant-supported fixed dentures and the all-on-4 concept using self-curing acrylic resin (Tempron) and bis-acrylic resin (Luxatemp) to simulate functional loads through the three-dimensional finite element method. Solidworks software was used to build three-dimensional models using acrylic resin (Tempron, model A) and bis-acrylic resin (Luxatemp, model B) for denture captions. Two loading patterns were applied on each model: (1) right unilateral axial loading of 150 N on the occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth and (2) oblique loading vector of 150 N at 45°. The results showed that higher stress was found on the bone crest below oblique load application with a maximum value of 187.57 MPa on model A and 167.45 MPa on model B. It was concluded that model B improved stress distribution on the denture compared with model A.

  15. Exploring a Multifaceted Syllabus Design for Teaching Short Surahs of Qur’an to Novice-Non-Arabic-Speaking Muslims

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amira A. Saleh

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper’s aim is to propose a design a syllabus for the new Muslims who have recently  converted to Islam. The syllabus is multifaceted, addressing the basic linguistic, stylistic, and lexical features of 3 surahs (chapters in the holy book in addition to highlighting the most basic information a new Muslim has to know about the sacred book. These features have been presented and graded according to the needs of the students (new Muslims. Three Surahs[1] (Al Fatihah, (Al Ikhlas, and (Al Nasr will be presented in their translated and transliterated forms in relation to their original Arabic texts, so as to understand these Arabic words when students listen or try to practice them in their daily five prayers. In addition, a practicum session will be given to students in which they apply what they have learned through the first Surah (Al Fatihah.  The practicum session includes the analysis of this Surah using the main seven features presented in the theoretical section. Versions of pre and post questionnaires will be administered with the syllabus to the students to test how far they have benefited from this course.Keywords: ESP for Teaching Qur’an- Linguistic Analysis of Surahs- Stylistic Analysis of Surahs-Lexical Analysis of Surahs- Syllabus Format- Analysis of Surah (Al Fatihah,  Non-NativeArabic-Speaking-Muslims-NNASM[1]A Surah (also spelled Sura in Arabic is a “chapter of the Qur'an, traditionally arranged roughly in order of decreasing length. Each Surah is named for a word or name mentioned in one of its ayat (sections.” (Urban Dictionary, n.d. para. 1

  16. EC4 European Syllabus for Post-Graduate Training in Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: version 3 - 2005.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zerah, Simone; McMurray, Janet; Bousquet, Bernard; Baum, Hannsjorg; Beastall, Graham H; Blaton, Vic; Cals, Marie-Josèphe; Duchassaing, Danielle; Gaudeau-Toussaint, Marie-Françoise; Harmoinen, Aimo; Hoffmann, Hans; Jansen, Rob T; Kenny, Desmond; Kohse, Klaus P; Köller, Ursula; Gobert, Jean-Gérard; Linget, Christine; Lund, Erik; Nubile, Giuseppe; Opp, Matthias; Pazzagli, Mario; Pinon, Georges; Queralto, José M; Reguengo, Henrique; Rizos, Demetrios; Szekeres, Thomas; Vidaud, Michel; Wallinder, Hans

    2006-01-01

    The EC4 Syllabus for Postgraduate Training is the basis for the European Register of Specialists in Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. The syllabus: Indicates the level of requirements in postgraduate training to harmonise the postgraduate education in the European Union (EU); Indicates the level of content of national training programmes to obtain adequate knowledge and experience; Is approved by all EU societies for clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine. The syllabus is not primarily meant to be a training guide, but on the basis of the overview given (common minimal programme), national societies should formulate programmes that indicate where knowledge and experience is needed. The main points of this programme are: Indicates the level of requirements in postgraduate training to harmonise the postgraduate education in the European Union (EU); Indicates the level of content of national training programmes to obtain adequate knowledge and experience; Is approved by all EU societies for clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine. Knowledge in biochemistry, haematology, immunology, etc.; Pre-analytical conditions; Evaluation of results; Interpretations (post-analytical phase); Laboratory management; and Quality insurance management. The aim of this version of the syllabus is to be in accordance with the Directive of Professional Qualifications published on 30 September 2005. To prepare the common platforms planned in this directive, the disciplines are divided into four categories: Indicates the level of requirements in postgraduate training to harmonise the postgraduate education in the European Union (EU); Indicates the level of content of national training programmes to obtain adequate knowledge and experience; Is approved by all EU societies for clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine. Knowledge in biochemistry, haematology, immunology, etc.; Pre-analytical conditions; Evaluation of results; Interpretations (post-analytical phase); Laboratory

  17. A Look at The Syllabus of New Headway Intermediate Students’book and Its Implementation on Chinese Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱竹

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this assignment is to evaluate the course book New Headway intermediate students ’book. The teach-ing context of using this book will be described clearly before discussing the syllabus terms and types which are related to the course book. In addition, the selection and ordering of elements in this course book will be analyzed, the problems and solutions of using this book in teaching context will also be discussed.

  18. The EC4 European syllabus for post-graduate training in clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine: version 4--2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieringa, Gijsbert; Zerah, Simone; Jansen, Rob; Simundic, Ana-Maria; Queralto, José; Solnica, Bogdan; Gruson, Damien; Tomberg, Karel; Riittinen, Leena; Baum, Hannsjörg; Brochet, Jean-Philippe; Buhagiar, Gerald; Charilaou, Charis; Grigore, Camelia; Johnsen, Anders H; Kappelmayer, Janos; Majkic-Singh, Nada; Nubile, Giuseppe; O'Mullane, John; Opp, Matthias; Pupure, Silvija; Racek, Jaroslav; Reguengo, Henrique; Rizos, Demetrios; Rogic, Dunja; Špaňár, Július; Štrakl, Greta; Szekeres, Thomas; Tzatchev, Kamen; Vitkus, Dalius; Wallemacq, Pierre; Wallinder, Hans

    2012-08-01

    Laboratory medicine's practitioners across the European community include medical, scientific and pharmacy trained specialists whose contributions to health and healthcare is in the application of diagnostic tests for screening and early detection of disease, differential diagnosis, monitoring, management and treatment of patients, and their prognostic assessment. In submitting a revised common syllabus for post-graduate education and training across the 27 member states an expectation is set for harmonised, high quality, safe practice. In this regard an extended 'Core knowledge, skills and competencies' division embracing all laboratory medicine disciplines is described. For the first time the syllabus identifies the competencies required to meet clinical leadership demands for defining, directing and assuring the efficiency and effectiveness of laboratory services as well as expectations in translating knowledge and skills into ability to practice. In a 'Specialist knowledge' division, the expectations from the individual disciplines of Clinical Chemistry/Immunology, Haematology/Blood Transfusion, Microbiology/ Virology, Genetics and In Vitro Fertilisation are described. Beyond providing a common platform of knowledge, skills and competency, the syllabus supports the aims of the European Commission in providing safeguards to increasing professional mobility across European borders at a time when demand for highly qualified professionals is increasing and the labour force is declining. It continues to act as a guide for the formulation of national programmes supplemented by the needs of individual country priorities.

  19. Estatuto Provisional del Imperio Mexicano: su aplicación al gobierno departamental sonorense, 1865-1866

    OpenAIRE

    Zulema Trejo

    2007-01-01

    El propósito de este artículo es comparar la legislación establecida en el Estatuto Provisional del Imperio Mexicano para gobernar los departamentos imperiales, y la forma de practicarlo en el de Sonora. Los tres primeros apartados están dedicados a describir el proceso de establecimiento del Segundo Imperio, así como a clarificar lo que es en general un estatuto, y en particular el Provisional del Imperio Mexicano. En el cuarto y quinto apartados se analiza el título IX del E...

  20. A syllabus for Jewish medical ethics in the context of general bioethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gesundheit, Benjamin; Shaham, Dorith

    2008-05-01

    Since the beginning of medical history, ethics has interested medical practitioners. The subject has become particularly important in recent years due to the huge advancements in medicine and medical technology and has elicited much public interest. While international ethical principles and guidelines have been established, classical Jewish tradition has always placed great emphasis on bioethics. Prof. Avraham Steinberg's monumental Encyclopedia of Jewish Medical Ethics presents the subject comprehensively and in depth. We propose a bioethics syllabus, to be integrated into the medical curriculum in three stages: i) preclinical - covering basic ethical concepts and principles, relevant history, and ethical codes; ii) clinical - covering bioethical topics relating to the human life cycle; iii) prior to students' final examinations and further specialization - covering bioethical topics relating to their personal interests. Steinberg's Encyclopedia is an ideal basis for the development of a professional course, including Jewish traditional aspects. Such a course would provide future physicians with a varied cultural and intercultural background, help shape their image, and improve the quality of medical care.

  1. Investigation on the hematopoietic effect of functional foods using radiation and preparing the provisional product

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sung Ho; Oh, Heon; Lee, Song Eun; Jeong, Yong Woon [Chonnam National University, Kwangju (Korea)

    1999-04-01

    We performed this study to determine the effect of several oriental prescriptions as energy tonic (Chinese medical concept: Bu-Qi) or blood building (Chinese medical concept: Bu-Xie) decoction and its major ingredients on jejunal crypt survival, endogenous spleen colony formation, and apoptosis in jejunal crypt cells of mice irradiated with high and low dose of gamma-irradiation. For the study of evaluation on the biological stability of irradiated chinese medical prescriptions, we performed the experiment to determine the effect of irradiated (10kGy) or unirradiated Si-Wu-Tang, Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang and San-Ling-Bai-Shu-San in irradiated mice. Further studies are needed to characterize better the protective nature of the total extract and its ingredients and for preparing the provisional product. (author). 61 refs., 3 figs., 21 tabs.

  2. Immediate provisional restoration of implant placed using flapless surgery and ridge mapping. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkyilmaz, Ilser

    2011-04-01

    Loss of an anterior tooth as the result of trauma is relatively common, especially in the young. Orthodontic treatment is not always the definitive therapy of choice; instead, an implant can be placed to replace the missing tooth. This article describes the case of a 19-year-old woman whose maxillary left central incisor was replaced by an immediately restored dental implant, placed using flapless surgery. The implant achieved excellent primary stability, as determined by resonance frequency analysis, so it was immediately restored with a provisional acrylic resin crown in no centric occlusion. This case report supports the use of single implants for replacing a missing anterior tooth where esthetics are a priority.

  3. Breaking up is hard to do: the economic impact of provisional funding contingent upon evidence development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortimer, Duncan; Li, Jing Jing; Watts, Jennifer; Harris, Anthony

    2011-10-01

    Funding contingent upon evidence development (FED) has recently been the subject of some considerable debate in the literature but relatively little has been made of its economic impact. We argue that FED has the potential to shorten the lag between innovation and access but may also (i) crowd-out more valuable interventions in situations in which there is a fixed dedicated budget; or (ii) lead to a de facto increase in the funding threshold and increased expenditure growth in situations in which the programme budget is open-ended. Although FED would typically entail periodic review of provisional or interim listings, it may prove difficult to withdraw funding even at cost/QALY ratios well in excess of current listing thresholds. Further consideration of the design and implementation of FED processes is therefore required to ensure that its introduction yields net benefits over existing processes.

  4. Emergency department external fixation for provisional treatment of pilon and unstable ankle fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig R Lareau

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Unstable ankle fractures and impacted tibial pilon fractures often benefit from provisional external fixation as a temporizing measure prior to definitive fixation. Benefits of external fixation include improved articular alignment, decreased articular impaction, and soft tissue rest. Uniplanar external fixator placement in the Emergency Department (ED ex-fix is a reliable and safe technique for achieving ankle reduction and stability while awaiting definitive fixation. This procedure involves placing transverse proximal tibial and calcaneal traction pins and connecting the pins with two external fixator rods. This technique is particularly useful in austere environments or when the operating room is not immediately available. Additionally, this bedside intervention prevents the patient from requiring general anesthesia and may be a cost-effective strategy for decreasing valuable operating time. The ED ex-fix is an especially valuable procedure in busy trauma centers and during mass casualty events, in which resources may be limited.

  5. Workplace exposure to nanoparticles and the application of provisional nanoreference values in times of uncertain risks

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Broekhuizen, Pieter; van Broekhuizen, Fleur; Cornelissen, Ralf; Reijnders, Lucas

    2012-03-01

    Nano reference values (NRVs) for occupational use of nanomaterials were tested as provisional substitute for Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs). NRVs can be used as provisional limit values until Health-Based OELs or derived no-effect levels (DNEL) become available. NRVs were defined for 8 h periods (time weighted average) and for short-term exposure periods (15 min-time weighted average). To assess the usefulness of these NRVs, airborne number concentrations of nanoparticles (NPs) in the workplace environment were measured during paint manufacturing, electroplating, light equipment manufacturing, non-reflective glass production, production of pigment concentrates and car refinishing. Activities monitored were handling of solid engineered NPs (ENP), abrasion, spraying and heating during occupational use of nanomaterials (containing ENPs) and machining nanosurfaces. The measured concentrations are often presumed to contain ENPs as well as process-generated NPs (PGNP). The PGNP are found to be a significant source for potential exposure and cannot be ignored in risk assessment. Levels of NPs identified in workplace air were up to several millions of nanoparticles/cm3. Conventional components in paint manufacturing like CaCO3 and talc may contain a substantial amount of nanosized particulates giving rise to airborne nanoparticle concentrations. It is argued that risk assessments carried out for e.g. paint manufacturing processes using conventional non-nano components should take into account potential nanoparticle emissions as well. The concentrations measured were compared with particle-based NRVs and with mass-based values that have also been proposed for workers protection. It is concluded that NRVs can be used for risk management for handling or processing of nanomaterials at workplaces provided that the scope of NRVs is not limited to ENPs only, but extended to the exposure to process-generated NPs as well.

  6. Workplace exposure to nanoparticles and the application of provisional nanoreference values in times of uncertain risks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broekhuizen, Pieter van, E-mail: pvbroekhuizen@ivam.uva.nl; Broekhuizen, Fleur van; Cornelissen, Ralf [IVAM UvA BV (Netherlands); Reijnders, Lucas [University of Amsterdam, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (Netherlands)

    2012-03-15

    Nano reference values (NRVs) for occupational use of nanomaterials were tested as provisional substitute for Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs). NRVs can be used as provisional limit values until Health-Based OELs or derived no-effect levels (DNEL) become available. NRVs were defined for 8 h periods (time weighted average) and for short-term exposure periods (15 min-time weighted average). To assess the usefulness of these NRVs, airborne number concentrations of nanoparticles (NPs) in the workplace environment were measured during paint manufacturing, electroplating, light equipment manufacturing, non-reflective glass production, production of pigment concentrates and car refinishing. Activities monitored were handling of solid engineered NPs (ENP), abrasion, spraying and heating during occupational use of nanomaterials (containing ENPs) and machining nanosurfaces. The measured concentrations are often presumed to contain ENPs as well as process-generated NPs (PGNP). The PGNP are found to be a significant source for potential exposure and cannot be ignored in risk assessment. Levels of NPs identified in workplace air were up to several millions of nanoparticles/cm{sup 3}. Conventional components in paint manufacturing like CaCO{sub 3} and talc may contain a substantial amount of nanosized particulates giving rise to airborne nanoparticle concentrations. It is argued that risk assessments carried out for e.g. paint manufacturing processes using conventional non-nano components should take into account potential nanoparticle emissions as well. The concentrations measured were compared with particle-based NRVs and with mass-based values that have also been proposed for workers protection. It is concluded that NRVs can be used for risk management for handling or processing of nanomaterials at workplaces provided that the scope of NRVs is not limited to ENPs only, but extended to the exposure to process-generated NPs as well.

  7. Anterior provisional restorations used to determine form, function, and esthetics for complex restorative situations, using all-ceramic restorative systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reshad, Mamaly; Cascione, Domenico; Kim, Tae

    2010-02-01

    A technique is proposed for the restoration of a large and visible maxillary anterior defect. The importance of proper diagnosis, treatment planning, and communication is emphasized. Irreversible treatment should only be rendered once patient approval has been obtained through objective evaluation with provisional restorations. The techniques presented in this article use a combination of ceramic systems currently available to satisfy functional demands while achieving acceptable esthetics. A controlled series of steps, where the provisional restorative components are being replaced by the definitive ones is planned. The only difference between the provisional and definitive restorative components is the material used. The definitive restorations consisted of an implant-supported zirconium oxide framework. Individual pressed porcelain restorations were luted to the framework and a natural tooth. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Provisional restorations allow an objective form of communication. Vertical and horizontal transitional lines can be effectively masked with appropriate treatment planning and a skilled ceramist. Many traditional dental laboratory steps may be eliminated or simplified without compromising the definitive restorations.

  8. 76 FR 68167 - Spin Master, Inc. and Spin Master, Ltd., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2011-28558] CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION [CPSC Docket No. 12-C0003] Spin Master, Inc. and Spin Master, Ltd., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY: Consumer... Settlement Agreement with Spin Master, Inc. and Spin Master, Ltd., containing a civil penalty of...

  9. Provisional energy balance-sheet of France in 1999; Bilan energetique provisoire de la France en 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This document presents a first and provisional analysis of the energy balance-sheet in France during the year 1999. the main conclusions concern: the energy mastership, the primary energy consumption, the energy intensity, the climatic conditions, the nuclear energy production, the energy independence, the carbon dioxide emissions and the energy bill. Many tables and charts are provided. (A.L.B.)

  10. A Syllabus Design of College Integrated English Class in China----On the Integration of Task-based Teaching and Classroom-based Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cui Zheng

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The national College English Curriculum Requirements in China focus on college students’ overall English ability, students’ self-learning ability and teachers’ objective assessment towards students as well. This paper thus designed a syllabus for college Integrated English class based on syllabus design standard by Nunan, task-based language teaching theory by Ellis and the classroom-based assessment theory by Gottlieb and Brown and Abeywickrama. Task-based teaching and classroom-based assessment both emphasize the importance of student-centered and student-involved tasks and the overall assessment of students’ performance. This syllabus thus combined these theories, designed tasks such as in-class quick shares, textbook lecturing, social interviews and reports, written reflections of each textbook article etc. and tries to assess students’ performance through both formative and summative ways such as peer and self assessment through the evaluating rubrics of these tasks, portfolios, and final examinations. The implementation will finally test the effectiveness and efficiency of this syllabus. Keywords: College English Curriculum Requirements, syllabus design, task-based teaching, classroom-based assessment

  11. A Delphi study to develop the Association for Palliative Medicine consensus syllabus for undergraduate palliative medicine in Great Britain and Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paes, P; Wee, B

    2008-06-01

    The Association for Palliative Medicine (APM) produced a previous undergraduate palliative medicine syllabus in 1992. This study describes the process of developing the new APM consensus syllabus against the background of changes in medical education and palliative medicine since 1992. The syllabus was derived by means of a Delphi study carried out amongst experts in palliative medicine across Britain and Ireland. Forty-three participants agreed to take part. Three rounds of the Delphi study took place. Consensus (75% agreement) was achieved in over 90% of the outcomes. The new syllabus is broken down into the following sections: basic principles, physical care, psychosocial care, culture, language, religious and spiritual issues, ethics and legal frameworks. Learning outcomes are categorised as essential or desirable. Using a Delphi study, we have developed a consensus syllabus for undergraduate palliative medicine. This is sufficiently flexible to allow all medical schools to ensure that their students achieve the essential learning outcomes by the time they graduate, whereas those with more generous curricular space will additionally be able to deliver selected desirable learning outcomes.

  12. Curricular Units: Powerful Tools to Connect the Syllabus with Students’ Needs and Interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariza Ariza Aleida

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available A basic component of any language program is the construction of the curriculum. There is a variety of approaches to curriculum planning and implementation from the technical production perspective to the critical view. The current article emerged from the analysis of the syllabus in a Basic English course in the undergraduate program at Universidad Nacional de Colombia and the design and implementation of a curricular unit. Such unit proved to be a powerful tool to connect what was set in the program, what students needed in terms of language and what they were interested in terms of culture. Key words: Curriculum, Curricular Unit Platform, Constructivism, Teaching- Communicative Language, Task-Based Approach Un componente esencial en un programa de idiomas es la construcción del currículo. Existe una gran variedad de enfoques en términos del diseño y la implementación del currículo; desde una perspectiva reducida a la producción técnica, hasta una visión crítica y transformadora. El presente artículo se gesta a partir tanto del análisis de un programa correspondiente al curso Inglés Básico I en la licenciatura ofrecida por la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, como del diseño y la implementación de una unidad curricular. Dicha unidad curricular se caracterizó por convertirse en una herramienta de conexión entre los contenidos y procedimientos planteados en un programa y las necesidades comunicativas e intereses culturales de los estudiantes. Palabras claves: Currículo, Plataforma Curricular, Unidad Curricular, Constructivismo, Lenguas Extranjeras-Enseñanza Comunicativa, Enfoque basado en Tareas

  13. A cross-validation of the provisional diagnostic instrument (PDI-4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faries Douglas E

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Provisional Diagnostic Instrument (PDI-4 is a brief, adult self-report instrument for 4 common psychiatric diagnoses in primary care patients: major depressive episode (MDE, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, and bipolar I disorder based on past or present mania. Our objective was to assess validity of the PDI-4 in a population independent of the study population originally used to develop the scale. Methods An online version of the 17-item PDI-4 was administered to 1,047 adults in the US; respondents also completed the PHQ-9, HADS-A, CAARS-S, and MDQ within the online survey. Respondents self-reported diagnosis by a healthcare professional with the terms depression (n=221, anxiety (n=218, attention deficit disorder (n=206, bipolar or manic depressive disorder (n=195, or none of these (n=207. Statistical analyses examined convergent and discriminant validity, and operating characteristics of the PDI-4 relative to the individual, validated, self-rated scales PHQ-9, HADS-A, CAARS-S, and MDQ, for each PDI-4 diagnosis. Results Convergent validity of the PDI-4 was supported by strong correlations with the corresponding individual scales (range of 0.63 [PDI-4 and MDQ] to 0.87 [PDI-4 and PHQ-9]. Operating characteristics of the PDI-4 were similar to results in the previous site-based study. The scale exhibited moderate sensitivities (0.52 [mania] to 0.70 [ADHD] and strong specificities (0.86 [mania] to 0.92 [GAD] using the individual scales as the gold standards. ANOVAs demonstrated that PDI-4 discriminated between subsets of patients defined by pre-specified severity level cutoff scores of the individual scales. However, overlapping symptoms and co-morbidities made differentiation between mental diagnoses much weaker than differentiation from the control group with none of the diagnoses. Conclusions The PDI-4 appears to be a suitable, brief, self-rated tool for provisional

  14. Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic model for Fentanyl in support of the development of Provisional Advisory Levels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shankaran, Harish, E-mail: harish.shankaran@pnnl.gov [Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Group, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352 (United States); Adeshina, Femi [National Homeland Security Research Center, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20460 (United States); Teeguarden, Justin G. [Systems Toxicology Group, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)

    2013-12-15

    Provisional Advisory Levels (PALs) are tiered exposure limits for toxic chemicals in air and drinking water that are developed to assist in emergency responses. Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling can support this process by enabling extrapolations across doses, and exposure routes, thereby addressing gaps in the available toxicity data. Here, we describe the development of a PBPK model for Fentanyl – a synthetic opioid used clinically for pain management – to support the establishment of PALs. Starting from an existing model for intravenous Fentanyl, we first optimized distribution and clearance parameters using several additional IV datasets. We then calibrated the model using pharmacokinetic data for various formulations, and determined the absorbed fraction, F, and time taken for the absorbed amount to reach 90% of its final value, t90. For aerosolized pulmonary Fentanyl, F = 1 and t90 < 1 min indicating complete and rapid absorption. The F value ranged from 0.35 to 0.74 for oral and various transmucosal routes. Oral Fentanyl was absorbed the slowest (t90 ∼ 300 min); the absorption of intranasal Fentanyl was relatively rapid (t90 ∼ 20–40 min); and the various oral transmucosal routes had intermediate absorption rates (t90 ∼ 160–300 min). Based on these results, for inhalation exposures, we assumed that all of the Fentanyl inhaled from the air during each breath directly, and instantaneously enters the arterial circulation. We present model predictions of Fentanyl blood concentrations in oral and inhalation scenarios relevant for PAL development, and provide an analytical expression that can be used to extrapolate between oral and inhalation routes for the derivation of PALs. - Highlights: • We develop a Fentanyl PBPK model for relating external dose to internal levels. • We calibrate the model to oral and inhalation exposures using > 50 human datasets. • Model predictions are in good agreement with the available

  15. Monte Vista Refuge : Instructions for conducting the waterfowl production survey based on duck nesting transects

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is the protocol for conducting waterfowl production surveys based on duck nest transects for the Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge. The basic approach, field...

  16. Survey-based indicators vs. hard data: What improves export forecasts in Europe?

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we evaluate whether survey-based indicators produce lower forecast errorsfor export growth than indicators obtained from hard data such as price and costcompetitiveness measures. Our pseudo out-of-sample analyses and forecastencompassingtests reveal that survey-based indicators outperform the benchmarkmodel as well as the indicators from hard data for most of the twenty European statesfocused on in our study and the aggregates EA-18 and EU-28. The most accurate forecastsare on ...

  17. Provisional Tic Disorder: What to tell parents when their child first starts ticcing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Kevin J; Black, Elizabeth Rose; Greene, Deanna J; Schlaggar, Bradley L

    2016-01-01

    The child with recent onset of tics is a common patient in a pediatrics or child neurology practice. If the child's first tic was less than a year in the past, the diagnosis is usually Provisional Tic Disorder (PTD). Published reviews by experts reveal substantial consensus on prognosis in this situation: the tics will almost always disappear in a few months, having remained mild while they lasted. Surprisingly, however, the sparse existing data may not support these opinions. PTD may have just as much importance for science as for clinical care. It provides an opportunity to prospectively observe the spontaneous remission of tics. Such prospective studies may aid identification of genes or biomarkers specifically associated with remission rather than onset of tics. A better understanding of tic remission may also suggest novel treatment strategies for Tourette syndrome, or may lead to secondary prevention of tic disorders. This review summarizes the limited existing data on the epidemiology, phenomenology, and outcome of PTD, highlights areas in which prospective study is sorely needed, and proposes that tic disorders may completely remit much less often than is generally believed.

  18. Provisional Matrix Deposition in Hemostasis and Venous Insufficiency: Tissue Preconditioning for Nonhealing Venous Ulcers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Tony J.; Broadbent, James A.; McGovern, Jacqui A.; Broszczak, Daniel A.; Parker, Christina N.; Upton, Zee

    2015-01-01

    Significance: Chronic wounds represent a major burden on global healthcare systems and reduce the quality of life of those affected. Significant advances have been made in our understanding of the biochemistry of wound healing progression. However, knowledge regarding the specific molecular processes influencing chronic wound formation and persistence remains limited. Recent Advances: Generally, healing of acute wounds begins with hemostasis and the deposition of a plasma-derived provisional matrix into the wound. The deposition of plasma matrix proteins is known to occur around the microvasculature of the lower limb as a result of venous insufficiency. This appears to alter limb cutaneous tissue physiology and consequently drives the tissue into a ‘preconditioned’ state that negatively influences the response to wounding. Critical Issues: Processes, such as oxygen and nutrient suppression, edema, inflammatory cell trapping/extravasation, diffuse inflammation, and tissue necrosis are thought to contribute to the advent of a chronic wound. Healing of the wound then becomes difficult in the context of an internally injured limb. Thus, interventions and therapies for promoting healing of the limb is a growing area of interest. For venous ulcers, treatment using compression bandaging encourages venous return and improves healing processes within the limb, critically however, once treatment concludes ulcers often reoccur. Future Directions: Improved understanding of the composition and role of pericapillary matrix deposits in facilitating internal limb injury and subsequent development of chronic wounds will be critical for informing and enhancing current best practice therapies and preventative action in the wound care field. PMID:25785239

  19. Overview of the Standing Operating Procedure (SOP) for the development of Provisional Advisory Levels (PALs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Robert A; Bast, Cheryl B; Wood, Carol S; Adeshina, Femi

    2009-12-01

    Provisional Advisory Levels (PALs) are concentrations in air and drinking water for priority toxic chemicals. This article summarizes the Standing Operating Procedure (SOP) currently in place for the data-driven development of chemical-specific PALs. To provide consistency and transparency, and to avoid faults of arbitrariness, the SOP was developed for guidance in deriving PAL values. Three levels (PAL 1, PAL 2, and PAL 3), distinguished by severity of toxic effects, are developed for 24-hour, 30-day, 90-day, and 2-year durations of potential drinking water and inhalation exposures for the general public. The SOP for PAL development focuses on (1) data acquisition and analysis, (2) identification of a chemical-specific critical effect, (3) selection of a quantitative point-of-departure (POD), (4) uncertainty analysis and adjustments, (5) exposure duration adjustment and extrapolation, (6) identification of special concerns and issues, and (7) verification, documentation, and dissemination of PALs. To avoid uncompromising rigidity in deriving PAL values and to allow for incorporation of new or refined methodologies, the overall procedure is fluid and subject to modification. The purpose of this publication is to provide a summary of this SOP.

  20. Developing Interethnic and Intercultural Competencies - Aims and Syllabus in the Context of Elementary Education Students in Republic of Macedonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rozalina Popova-Koskarova

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Тhe main goal of our theoretical research was to show how much the syllabus allow development of awareness about the diversities and development of life values in multiethnic and multicultural environments. In that context, we established the goal to analyze the objectives and the content of the syllabus of the most relevant subjects regarding multicultural and intercultural education: Introduction to society and Society for grades I – V. Having in mind that in Macedonia there are different cultures, religions, traditions and languages, it is necessary to develop competencies to show respect for the diversities and to develop the multicultural awareness of the students at the earliest age. On the other hand, globalization, as a characteristic of the modern age, increasingly imposes the need to develop the intercultural awareness and competencies of the students as well. The interethnic (multicultural as well as intercultural competencies are especially important from several aspects: firstly, as a result of the need to overcome stereotypes and prejudices still present in our society, and secondly, to develop values in children, and especially empathy in students.

  1. Lacunas identified in syllabus design of English language teaching in Engineering Colleges: a study with special reference to Odisha, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Priya. S

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Many universities have introduced Humanities subjects into the engineering streams in tune with trends practiced globally. Engineers need to inculcate the spirit of humanities to acquire team spirit, critical thinking abilities and also problem-solving abilities for career advancement. Language skills empower engineers to face future challenges globally. In India also, Communicative English and Business English/ Professional English have been integrated into the Humanities stream of undergraduate programs in all Engineering colleges. Under this background, this empirical study examines the problems related to syllabus designed in the existing curricula of English language through questionnaire survey which was administered to 770 students of 20 engineering colleges. Ten items questionnaire objectively aimed to analyze three different aspects of the course designed for engineers. Firstly, to find out how the implementation of the syllabus matches the language learning needs of the students of the digital age. Secondly, to examine the teaching methodologies of four language skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing and finally to investigate how far the students preferred lab classes to theory classes. On the basis of the responses elicited, the aspects related to their immediate need of a learner centered curriculum are represented through graphical data for better interpretation. The research, thus, aimed at throwing light on the strengths and weaknesses of the existing system and the need to envisage a paradigm shift for preparing global engineers in the context of fast emerging situations around the world.

  2. European Dimension of Legal Education. A comparative study of the Romanian Law Curricula and EU Law Syllabus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brinduşa Camelia Gorea

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Our purpose is to provide a detailed view on the European legal education system in Romania.There are few papers on EU legal education policy in Romania. We try to fill this gap in some extend, as apart of a larger research we conducted in the past 3 years. Our sources of evidence were: the Romanianlegislation; a representative number of law curricula and EU law syllabus and a research survey of Romanianstudents, EU law professors and legal practitioners. We found out that the “traditional” Law specialization ismore desired by the potential students than the European Law specialization. Nevertheless, Romanian lawschools have enough discretion to introduce more EU law disciplines. By targeting the weak parts of the EUlegal education system, our study may reveal its benefits to law professors, legal researchers, responsiblefactors within the Romanian law departments and even to the Romanian legislator. This paper provides ashort explanation of the ascension and development of EU legal studies in Romania, an overview of the keyissues in the law curricula and the EU law syllabus and recommendations on the reforming the EU legaleducation in Romania.

  3. Effect of water temperature on the fit of provisional crown margins during polymerization: An in vitro study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivekanandan Ramkumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate the effect of water temperature on the marginal fit of bis-acrylic composite provisional crown during resin polymerization. Materials and Methods: Precisely machined 10 brass master dies were designed to simulate molar teeth. Five brass dies were selected and precisely machined to simulate all ceramic crown preparation. An acrylic jaw replica was made in which brass dies were arranged equidistant from each other. A custom-made metallic tray was fabricated on the acrylic jaw replica to make polyvinyl siloxane impression matrix. Bis-acrylic composite resin provisional crowns were made using polyvinyl siloxane impression matrix. Provisional crowns were polymerized at room temperature (Group I direct technique, on dental stone cast; Group I indirect technique crowns and at different water temperatures (Group II direct technique crowns. The vertical marginal gap between all the provisional crown margins and the finish line of brass dies was measured using a Research Stereomicroscope System. Results: The results were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA test and Newman-Keul′s test. The results showed that crowns polymerized in 20°C and 30°C water had marginal gap approximately three times smaller than those polymerized in 30°C air, due to the reduced polymerization shrinkage. Conclusion: This study shows that crowns polymerized in 20°C and 30°C water had mean vertical marginal gap approximately three times smaller than those polymerized in 30°C air. It was approximately closer to that of crowns fabricated by indirect technique. Warmer water also supposedly hastens polymerization.

  4. Coronal leakage of provisional restorative materials used in endodontics with and without intracanal medication after exposure to human saliva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Udayakumar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To determine the coronal leakage of various provisional restorations with and without intracanal medication over time after being exposed to human saliva. Materials and Methods: This study investigated Coltosol F, Cavit, Ketac Molar, and IRM as provisional restorative material. Calcium hydroxide and chlorhexidine were used as an intracanal medicament. Ninety-eight single rooted teeth were randomly selected and then mounted in an apparatus that isolated the crown portion of the tooth. Provisional restorative materials were placed in the access cavity following manufacturer guidelines after placement of intracanal medicament. Human saliva and brain heart infusion broth in 3:1 ratio were applied to the samples, incubated at 37°C, and results were tabulated over the course of 4 weeks by the appearance of turbidity in the lower part of the apparatus. Statistical Analysis: The data were statistically analyzed using proportional Z-test. The level of significance was set at 0.05. Results: Coltosol F and Cavit could significantly prevent the bacterial leakage up to a period of 7 days with a P value of 0.01 and 0.005, respectively. Bacterial recontamination was relatively less in the samples treated with intracanal medicaments up to 14 days. After 14 days, however, all materials leaked in over half of the samples. Conclusion: No provisional restorative material can be considered superior in providing a reliable seal after 14 days. Inter-appointments schedule should not extend beyond 2 weeks and after endodontic therapy final restoration should be completed within 1 week.

  5. Provisional anterior tooth replacement using nonimpregnated fiber and fiber-reinforced composite resin materials: a clinical report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Daniel C N; Giannini, Marcelo; De Goes, Mario Fernando

    2006-05-01

    The loss of anterior teeth is often a serious esthetic concern. While conventional fixed partial dentures and implant-supported restorations may be the treatments of choice, nonimpregnated fibers (NFs) and fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) resins offer a conservative alternative for improving esthetics. This article describes 2 clinical situations in which NF glass ribbon and FRC were successfully used to provisionally restore anterior edentulous areas in an esthetic, functional, and timely manner.

  6. From a Dualistic toward a Holistic View of Dance Knowledge: A Phenomenological Analysis of Syllabuses in Upper Secondary Schools in Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, Ninnie; Thorgersen, Cecilia Ferm

    2015-01-01

    This article examines how dance knowledge is seen through syllabuses in Swedish upper secondary schools. A starting point is life-world phenomenology. A phenomenological way of thinking allows that human beings are intersubjective, linked with and within the world, which influences the view of dance knowledge and how research is elaborated. A…

  7. A Review on Science Syllabus Lower Secondary Express/Normal(Academic)of Singapore%新加坡初中科学课程大纲述评*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔鸿; 李佳涛; 杨胜英

    2013-01-01

    As basic specifications and quality requirements of the curriculum, the syllabus plays a key role in guaranteeing the quality of education. The Singapore Science syllabus, characterized by the syllabus taking emotion, attitude and values as its core aim, the contents highlighting the scientific concept of the syllabus, the curriculum system emphasizing exploration, and the teaching evaluation using diversified modes, gives important reference for science curriculum reform in junior high school of China.%  课程大纲作为课程的基本规范和质量要求,在保障教育质量方面起着关键作用。新加坡的科学课程大纲以情感态度与价值观为核心的大纲目标、凸显科学概念的《大纲》课程内容、强调作为探究的课程体系、实施多样化的教学评价方式等突出了科学课程探究的特点,对我国初中科学课程改革有着积极的借鉴意义。

  8. Syllabus Outline on Child Care for Day Care Teachers at Family Life Teacher Training Centre in Somalia. African Studies in Curriculum Development and Evaluation No. 103.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Mumina M.

    Five day care centers in Mogadiscio, the capital city of Somalia, were studied to (1) identify problems encountered in teaching a course in child care; (2) observe teaching methods and assess their effectiveness; (3) ascertain reasons for the lack of preservice training for day care teachers; and (4) develop a new syllabus for a course in child…

  9. From a Dualistic toward a Holistic View of Dance Knowledge: A Phenomenological Analysis of Syllabuses in Upper Secondary Schools in Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, Ninnie; Thorgersen, Cecilia Ferm

    2015-01-01

    This article examines how dance knowledge is seen through syllabuses in Swedish upper secondary schools. A starting point is life-world phenomenology. A phenomenological way of thinking allows that human beings are intersubjective, linked with and within the world, which influences the view of dance knowledge and how research is elaborated. A…

  10. 大学英语教学大纲的交互性应用研究%On College English Syllabus Interactivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗垚; 周罡

    2015-01-01

    College English syllabus has been revised for seven times. It nationally reflects the significance of college English course. The 7th college English syllabus embodies the current national demand for talents, and also indicates the direction of col⁃lege English teaching. On the base of the latest college English syllabus, this paper outlines the understanding deviation of status quo of college English syllabus, and puts forward the corresponding suggestions and measures, through modern foreign language theory.%大学英语教学大纲前后历经七次修订,反映了国家对大学英语课程的重视。教学大纲的相关内容体现了当前国家对人才的需求,也指明了大学英语教学的方向。该文以最新的《大学英语课程要求》为蓝本,通过分析当前教学大纲的理解偏差和现状,结合现代外语教学理论,提出了相应的建议和措施。

  11. A Suggested Syllabus for the Advanced Level English Course at Gendarmerie Schools Command in Accordance with NATO STANAG 6001 Level 3 Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solak, Ekrem

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to prepare a suggested syllabus in accordance with NATO Stanag 6001 Level 3 perspective for the Advanced Level English Course at Gendarmerie Schools Command which is subordinate to Gendarmerie General Command. It is believed that this study will contribute to other studies in the context of NATO Stanag 6001 language…

  12. Fibronectin provides a conduit for fibroblast transmigration from collagenous stroma into fibrin clot provisional matrix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greiling, D; Clark, R A

    1997-04-01

    After injury, the wound space is filled with a fibrin/fibronectin clot containing growth factors released by platelets and monocytes. In response to these factors, fibroblasts migrate into the fibrin clot and contribute to the formation of granulation tissue. The functional mechanisms allowing fibroblasts to leave the collagenous matrix of normal connective tissue and invade the provisional matrix of the fibrin clot have not been fully defined. To investigate these mechanisms we established a new in vitro model which simulates specific aspects of early wound healing, that is, the migration of fibroblasts from a three-dimensional collagen matrix into a fibrin clot. This transmigration could be induced by physiological concentrations of platelet releasate or platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) in a concentration-dependent manner. At 24 hours irradiated fibroblasts invaded the fibrin gel almost as well as non-irradiated cells, indicating that transmigration was independent of proliferation. Plasminogen and its activators appear to be necessary for invasion of the fibrin clot since protease inhibitors decreased the amount of migration. These serine proteases, however, were not necessary for exit from the collagen gel as fibroblasts migrated out of the collagen gel onto a surface coated with fibrin fibrils even in the presence of inhibitors. Removal of fibronectin (FN) from either the collagen gel or the fibrin gel markedly decreased the number of migrating cells, suggesting that FN provides a conduit for transmigration. Cell movement in the in vitro model was inhibited by RGD peptide, and by monoclonal antibodies against the subunits of the alpha5 beta1 and alpha v beta3 integrin receptor. Thus, the functional requirements for fibroblast transmigration from collagen-rich to fibrin-rich matrices, such as occurs in early wound healing, have been partially defined using an in vitro paradigm of this important biologic process.

  13. Provisional in-silico biopharmaceutics classification (BCS) to guide oral drug product development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolk, Omri; Agbaria, Riad; Dahan, Arik

    2014-01-01

    The main objective of this work was to investigate in-silico predictions of physicochemical properties, in order to guide oral drug development by provisional biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS). Four in-silico methods were used to estimate LogP: group contribution (CLogP) using two different software programs, atom contribution (ALogP), and element contribution (KLogP). The correlations (r(2)) of CLogP, ALogP and KLogP versus measured LogP data were 0.97, 0.82, and 0.71, respectively. The classification of drugs with reported intestinal permeability in humans was correct for 64.3%-72.4% of the 29 drugs on the dataset, and for 81.82%-90.91% of the 22 drugs that are passively absorbed using the different in-silico algorithms. Similar permeability classification was obtained with the various in-silico methods. The in-silico calculations, along with experimental melting points, were then incorporated into a thermodynamic equation for solubility estimations that largely matched the reference solubility values. It was revealed that the effect of melting point on the solubility is minor compared to the partition coefficient, and an average melting point (162.7 °C) could replace the experimental values, with similar results. The in-silico methods classified 20.76% (± 3.07%) as Class 1, 41.51% (± 3.32%) as Class 2, 30.49% (± 4.47%) as Class 3, and 6.27% (± 4.39%) as Class 4. In conclusion, in-silico methods can be used for BCS classification of drugs in early development, from merely their molecular formula and without foreknowledge of their chemical structure, which will allow for the improved selection, engineering, and developability of candidates. These in-silico methods could enhance success rates, reduce costs, and accelerate oral drug products development.

  14. Teaching learners to communicate effectively in the L2: Integrating body language in the students’ syllabus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grazia Busà

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract –In communication a great deal of meaning is exchanged through body language, including gaze, posture, hand gestures and body movements. Body language is largely culture-specific, and rests, for its comprehension, on people’s sharing socio-cultural and linguistic norms. In cross-cultural communication, L2 speakers’ use of body language may convey meaning that is not understood or misinterpreted by the interlocutors, affecting the pragmatics of communication. In spite of its importance for cross-cultural communication, body language is neglected in ESL/EFL teaching. This paper argues that the study of body language should be integrated in the syllabus of ESL/EFL teaching and learning. This is done by: 1 reviewing literature showing the tight connection between language, speech and gestures and the problems that might arise in cross-cultural communication when speakers use and interpret body language according to different conventions; 2 reporting the data from two pilot studies showing that L2 learners transfer L1 gestures to the L2 and that these are not understood by native L2 speakers; 3 reporting an experience teaching body language in an ESL/EFL classroom. The paper suggests that in multicultural ESL/EFL classes teaching body language should be aimed primarily at raising the students’ awareness of the differences existing across cultures.   Keywords: ESL/EFL teaching; body language; cross-cultural communication; speech; gestures.     Abstract –Nella comunicazione una buona parte del significato viene trasmetto attraverso il linguaggio del corpo, che include lo sguardo, la postura, i gesti delle mani e i movimenti del corpo. Il linguaggio del corpo è per lo più specifico di ciascuna cultura e si affida, per la sua comprensione, sulla condivisione di norme socio-culturali e linguistiche. Nella comunicazione interculturale l’uso del linguaggio del corpo da parte dei parlanti di L2 può trasmettere significati che non

  15. Building an electronic book on the Internet: ``CSEP -- an interdisciplinary syllabus for teaching computational science at the graduate level``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliver, C.E.; Strayer, M.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Umar, V.M. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The Computational Science Education Project was initiated in September 1991, by the Department of Energy to develop a syllabus for teaching interdisciplinary computational science. CSEP has two major activities. The writing and maintenance of an electronic book (e-book) and educational outreach to the computational science communities through presentations at professional society meetings, journal articles, and by training educators. The interdisciplinary nature of the project is intended to contribute to national technological competitiveness by producing a body of graduates with the necessary skills to operate effectively in high performance computing environments. The educational outreach guides and supports instructors in developing computational science courses and curricula at their institutions. The CSEP e-book provides valuable teaching material around which educators have built. The outreach not only introduces new educators to CSEP, but also establishes a synergistic relationship between CSEP authors, reviewers and users.

  16. European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition syllabus for subspecialty training: moving towards a European standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Antiga, Lorenzo; Nicastro, Emanuele; Papadopoulou, Alexandra; Mearin, Maria L; Tzivinikos, Christos; Vandenplas, Yvan; van Goudoever, Hans; Baumann, Ulrich; Troncone, Riccardo; Koletzko, Berthold

    2014-09-01

    The requirements for and conditions of subspecialty training in paediatric gastroenterology, hepatology, and nutrition (PGHN) are rather variable across European countries. The European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) agreed on a training syllabus aimed to foster a harmonised European PGHN curriculum and to support national PGHN societies and governmental bodies to promote and establish high-quality training programmes and levels of certification in the field. The document provides PGHN training prerequisites and objectives and the basic knowledge elements to acquire the clinical, technical, and management skills needed. Guidelines and instruments for self-monitoring and appraisal are proposed, and a logbook is available online. These training standards are a first step towards a European certification and recognition as a specialist in PGHN.

  17. Planejamento e avaliação: pilares da gestão do modelo pedagógico Syllabus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Zuccari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo relata os resultados verificados em uma pesquisa envolvendo a importância do planejamento e da avaliação tanto para o docente quanto para o discente e discute a implantação do Projeto Piloto para aplicação do Modelo Pedagógico Syllabus, no Ensino Superior. Este modelo de ensino e aprendizagem está amparado na nova política de gestão escolar da Universidade Sagrado Coração e, seu enfoque é voltado para o planejamento e avaliação da disciplina e da aula, ocorrendo concomitantemente com o comprometimento de propostas sistematizadas no plano de ensino e de aula, com objetivos e metodologias definidos previamente. O envolvimento dos estudantes ocorre através da sua capacidade de compreender as orientações prévias à aula presencial, disponibilizadas pelo docente e avaliadas com a sua participação no Quiz. O Modelo Pedagógico Syllabus propõe uma metodologia de interação entre o professor e o estudante, para facilitar a aprendizagem e a construção do conhecimento em sala de aula. O processo vem se consolidando pedagogicamente e embora ocorra a padronização de processos e formação continuada periodicamente, com o subsídio pedagógico no trabalho docente, há evidências de dificuldades de sistematização do planejamento e da avaliação.

  18. A comparative evaluation of the marginal accuracy of crowns fabricated from four commercially available provisional materials: An in vitrostudy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhavya Mohandas Amin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the primary marginal accuracy of four commercially available provisional materials (Protemp 4, Luxatemp Star, Visalys Temp and DPI tooth moulding powder and liquid at 2 time intervals (10 and 30 min. Materials and Methods: A customized stainless steel master model containing two interchangeable dies was used for fabrication of provisional crowns. Forty crowns (n = 10 were fabricated, and each crown was evaluated under a stereomicroscope. Vertical marginal discrepancies were noted and compared at 10 min since the start of mixing and then at 30 min. Observations and Results: Protemp 4 showed the least vertical marginal discrepancy (71.59 μ, followed by Luxatemp Star (91.93 μ at 10 min. DPI showed a marginal discrepancy of 95.94 μ while Visalys Temp crowns had vertical marginal discrepancy of 106.81 μ. There was a significant difference in the marginal discrepancy values of Protemp 4 and Visalys Temp. At 30 min, there was a significant difference between the marginal discrepancy of Protemp 4 crowns (83.11 μ and Visalys Temp crowns (128.97 μ and between Protemp 4 and DPI (118.88 μ. No significant differences were observed between Protemp 4 and Luxatemp Star. Conclusion: The vertical marginal discrepancy of temporary crowns fabricated from the four commercially available provisional materials ranged from 71 to 106 μ immediately after fabrication (at 10 min from the start of mix to 83-128 μ (30 min from the start of mix. The time elapsed after mixing had a significant influence on the marginal accuracy of the crowns.

  19. Developing a provisional, international minimal dataset for Juvenile Dermatomyositis: for use in clinical practice to inform research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCann, Liza J; Arnold, Katie; Pilkington, Clarissa A; Huber, Adam M; Ravelli, Angelo; Beard, Laura; Beresford, Michael W; Wedderburn, Lucy R

    2014-01-01

    Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare but severe autoimmune inflammatory myositis of childhood. International collaboration is essential in order to undertake clinical trials, understand the disease and improve long-term outcome. The aim of this study was to propose from existing collaborative initiatives a preliminary minimal dataset for JDM. This will form the basis of the future development of an international consensus-approved minimum core dataset to be used both in clinical care and inform research, allowing integration of data between centres. A working group of internationally-representative JDM experts was formed to develop a provisional minimal dataset. Clinical and laboratory variables contained within current national and international collaborative databases of patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies were scrutinised. Judgements were informed by published literature and a more detailed analysis of the Juvenile Dermatomyositis Cohort Biomarker Study and Repository, UK and Ireland. A provisional minimal JDM dataset has been produced, with an associated glossary of definitions. The provisional minimal dataset will request information at time of patient diagnosis and during on-going prospective follow up. At time of patient diagnosis, information will be requested on patient demographics, diagnostic criteria and treatments given prior to diagnosis. During on-going prospective follow-up, variables will include the presence of active muscle or skin disease, major organ involvement or constitutional symptoms, investigations, treatment, physician global assessments and patient reported outcome measures. An internationally agreed minimal dataset has the potential to significantly enhance collaboration, allow effective communication between groups, provide a minimal standard of care and enable analysis of the largest possible number of JDM patients to provide a greater understanding of this disease. This preliminary dataset can now be developed into

  20. A provisional regulatory gene network for specification of endomesoderm in the sea urchin embryo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Eric H.; Rast, Jonathan P.; Oliveri, Paola; Ransick, Andrew; Calestani, Cristina; Yuh, Chiou-Hwa; Minokawa, Takuya; Amore, Gabriele; Hinman, Veronica; Arenas-Mena, Cesar; Otim, Ochan; Brown, C. Titus; Livi, Carolina B.; Lee, Pei Yun; Revilla, Roger; Schilstra, Maria J.; Clarke, Peter J C.; Rust, Alistair G.; Pan, Zhengjun; Arnone, Maria I.; Rowen, Lee; Cameron, R. Andrew; McClay, David R.; Hood, Leroy; Bolouri, Hamid

    2002-01-01

    We present the current form of a provisional DNA sequence-based regulatory gene network that explains in outline how endomesodermal specification in the sea urchin embryo is controlled. The model of the network is in a continuous process of revision and growth as new genes are added and new experimental results become available; see http://www.its.caltech.edu/mirsky/endomeso.htm (End-mes Gene Network Update) for the latest version. The network contains over 40 genes at present, many newly uncovered in the course of this work, and most encoding DNA-binding transcriptional regulatory factors. The architecture of the network was approached initially by construction of a logic model that integrated the extensive experimental evidence now available on endomesoderm specification. The internal linkages between genes in the network have been determined functionally, by measurement of the effects of regulatory perturbations on the expression of all relevant genes in the network. Five kinds of perturbation have been applied: (1) use of morpholino antisense oligonucleotides targeted to many of the key regulatory genes in the network; (2) transformation of other regulatory factors into dominant repressors by construction of Engrailed repressor domain fusions; (3) ectopic expression of given regulatory factors, from genetic expression constructs and from injected mRNAs; (4) blockade of the beta-catenin/Tcf pathway by introduction of mRNA encoding the intracellular domain of cadherin; and (5) blockade of the Notch signaling pathway by introduction of mRNA encoding the extracellular domain of the Notch receptor. The network model predicts the cis-regulatory inputs that link each gene into the network. Therefore, its architecture is testable by cis-regulatory analysis. Strongylocentrotus purpuratus and Lytechinus variegatus genomic BAC recombinants that include a large number of the genes in the network have been sequenced and annotated. Tests of the cis-regulatory predictions of

  1. A Technique to Transfer the Emergence Profile Contours of a Provisional Implant Crown to the Definitive Impression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Karnik; Yilmaz, Burak

    2016-01-01

    This clinical report describes a method to create a proper emergence profile and accurately transfer it to the definitive impression, using an indirectly fabricated modified impression post. A provisional screwretained crown was indexed with a polyvinyl siloxane material. An autopolymerizing acrylic resin was used to modify an impression post on the polyvinyl siloxane index, which was then screwed onto the implant for the definitive impression after proper soft tissue healing. The indirectly fabricated modified impression post helped to transfer the contours to the definitive impression with minimal soft tissue irritation.

  2. Estimación de las provisiones esperadas en una institución financiera utilizando modelos Logit y Probit.

    OpenAIRE

    Támara Ayús, Armando Lenin; Aristizábal Velásquez, Raúl Enrique; Velásquez Ceballos, Hermilson

    2010-01-01

    El presente artículo es uno de los resultados obtenidos en el desarrollo de una tesis de Maestría en Finanzas de la universidad EAFIT. En este se presenta evidencia a favor de la utilización de modelos econométricos para estimar la probabilidad de incumplimiento de un deudor, ya que al utilizar estas estimaciones se obtienen resultados que generan provisiones esperadas de menor cuantía que las predeterminadas por el ente regulador, así como también las estimadas por la entidad financiera....

  3. [The assessment of the regularity of the nephron anlage tubule formation on the basis of provisionality principle].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panteleev, S M; Vikhareva, L V; Mal'tseva, N G; Ushakov, A L; Khamoshina, I Ia; Iaroslavtseva, O F; Chivshina, R V; Pal'chenkova, N O; Margarian, A V; Belkhoroeva, M M

    2011-01-01

    The study of the definitive kidneys of 94 human embryos and fetuses at 4.5 to 12 weeks of gestation, has demonstrated that the formation of the proximal nephron tubules resulted from the cellular proliferation in the area of transition of the capsule of the renal corpuscle into the tubular part of the nephron that occurs only after the completion of the segregation of the renal corpuscle and the distal tubule within the nephron anlage. The formation of the renal tubules in the nephron anlage seems to be determined phylogenetically, while the initial differentiation of the distal tubule is a provisional feature.

  4. Does ICT influence supply chain management and performance? A review of survey-based research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, Xuan; van Donk, Dirk Pieter; van der Vaart, Taco

    2011-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to review and classify survey-based research connecting information and communication technology (ICT), supply chain management (SCM), and supply chain (SC) performance. The review evaluates present empirical results and aims at detecting explanations for simil

  5. Does ICT influence supply chain management and performance? A review of survey-based research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, Xuan; van Donk, Dirk Pieter; van der Vaart, Taco

    2011-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to review and classify survey-based research connecting information and communication technology (ICT), supply chain management (SCM), and supply chain (SC) performance. The review evaluates present empirical results and aims at detecting explanations for

  6. Effect of Heat Treatment on the Physical Properties of Provisional Crowns during Polymerization: An in Vitro Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    May L. Mei

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study concerned the effect of heat treatment during setting on the physical properties of four resin-based provisional restorative materials: Duralay (polymethyl methacrylate, Trim II (polyethyl methacrylate, Luxatemp (bis-acrylic composite, and Protemp 4 (bis-acrylic composite. Specimens were prepared at 23, 37, or 60 °C for evaluation of flexural strength, surface roughness, color change and marginal discrepancy. Flexural strength was determined by a three-point bending test. Surface profile was studied using atomic force microscopy. Color change was evaluated by comparing the color of the materials before and after placement in coffee. A travelling microscope helped prepare standardized crowns for assessment of marginal discrepancy. Flexural strength of all tested materials cured at 23 °C or 37 °C did not significantly change. The surface roughness and marginal discrepancy of the materials increased at 60 °C curing temperature. Marginal discrepancies, color stability, and other physical properties of materials cured at 23 °C or 37 °C did not significantly change. Flexural strength of certain provisional materials cured at 60 °C increased, but there was also an increase in surface roughness and marginal discrepancy.

  7. "The effect of a template when constructing individual syllabuses in nursing education – an evaluation of student perspective in a mixed methods intervention study"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vilstrup, Dorte Lindstrøm; Udsen, Helle; Prip, Anne

    2014-01-01

    objectives into practical studies and, thereby, improve the gap between theory and practice. The importance of clinical teachers’ effect on the way students work becomes evident. The use of templates and structured tools in a pedagogical context is debatable but should receive more attention in the future......Background: The individual syllabus is a mandatory part of clinical teaching in Denmark. The tool has been discussed in various settings throughout the nursing education. A literature search revealed that knowledge of how to work with it is minimal. Objectives: To clarify and test the potential...... of the individual syllabus in a clinical setting. Design: A mixed methods intervention study involving first year nursing students and clinical teachers. The intervention consisted of: 1) design of a template and a precise description, 2) testing of the template and description in the form of baseline and post...

  8. Sobre el abuso del derecho subjetivo y la reparación a las víctimas del sobreseimiento provisional

    OpenAIRE

    Sarmiento Dávila, Omar René

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo va dirigido a efectuar un análisis de la situación del procesado víctima del abuso procesal, obligado a litigar sin causa justa sobre el que ha recaído la aplicación del sobreseimiento provisional, condenado en primera instancia a sufrir el drama del enjuiciamiento y luego a mantenerse en un limbo en donde se violan derechos fundamentales. Algunos estudios se han limitado a observar el sobreseimiento provisional como mecanismo procesal en caso de no determinarse una p...

  9. An in-vitro study to compare the temperature rise in the pulp chamber by direct method using three different provisional restorative materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piplani, Ankita; Suresh Sajjan, M C; Ramaraju, A V; Tanwani, Tushar; Sushma, G; Ganathipathi, G; Jagdish, K; Agrawal, Anil

    2016-01-01

    The provisional restorative materials in fixed prosthodontics are basically bis-GMA resins which releases exothermic temperature while polymerization which can damage the pulp. Intrapulpal temperature exceeding 42.5°C found to result in irreversible damage to the pulp. The remaining thickness of dentine after tooth preparation control the conduction of heat released by the resins. (1) To quantify the temperature changes in the pulp chamber using different provisional restorative materials. (2) To evaluate the peak temperature time of different materials used. (3) To compare the intrapulpal temperature changes with a variation in the width of the finish line. Two intact mandibular molars were selected and designated as Specimen A and B. Tooth preparation was done to prepare a finish line of 1.2 mm and 1 mm width, respectively. Three provisional restorative materials were considered and they were grouped as Group I-Cool temp, Group II-Protemp-4, Group III-Integrity. A J thermocouple probe was placed into the pulp chamber to determine the rise in temperature. The temperature was recorded during polymerization at 30-s intervals until the peak temperature was reached. The same procedure was repeated for fabricating remaining provisional crowns. A total of 45 provisional crowns were fabricated for each specimen. Kruskal-Wallis test revealed that there was a significant difference in the temperature changes associated with the provisional restorative materials used. All the three provisional restorative materials were compared for 1.2 mm and 1 mm wide finish line. Integrity produced the highest temperature rise and the maximum temperature recorded was 40.2°C in 1.2 mm wide finish line. However, for a 1 mm wide finish line, Protemp-4 produced the highest temperature rise and the maximum temperature recorded was 40.3°C. It was observed that peak temperatures with Specimen B were more when compared with Specimen A. Cool temp showed least temperature rise in the pulp

  10. Prospective evaluation of a new protocol for the provisional use of perfusion imaging with exercise stress testing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duvall, W.L. [Hartford Hospital, Division of Cardiology (Henry Low Heart Center), Hartford, CT (United States); Mount Sinai Medical Center, Division of Cardiology (Mount Sinai Heart), New York, NY (United States); Savino, John A.; Levine, Elliot J.; Croft, Lori B.; Henzlova, Milena J. [Mount Sinai Medical Center, Division of Cardiology (Mount Sinai Heart), New York, NY (United States); Hermann, Luke K. [Mount Sinai Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, New York, NY (United States)

    2014-11-04

    Previous literature suggests that myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) adds little to the prognosis of patients who exercise >10 metabolic equivalents (METs) during stress testing. With this in mind, we prospectively tested a provisional injection protocol in emergency department (ED) patients presenting for the evaluation of chest pain in which a patient would not receive an injection of radioisotope if adequate exercise was achieved without symptoms and a negative ECG response. All patients who presented to the ED over a 5-year period who were referred for stress testing as part of their ED evaluation were included. Patients considered for a provisional protocol were: exercise stress, age <65 years, no known coronary artery disease, and an interpretable rest ECG. Criteria for not injecting included a maximal predicted heart rate ≥85 %, ≥10 METs of exercise, no anginal symptoms during stress, and no ECG changes. Groups were compared based on stress test results, all-cause and cardiac mortality, follow-up cardiac testing, subsequent revascularization, and cost. A total of 965 patients were eligible with 192 undergoing exercise-only and 773 having perfusion imaging. After 41.6 ± 19.6 months of follow-up, all-cause mortality was similar in the exercise-only versus the exercise plus imaging group (2.6 % vs. 2.1 %, p = 0.59). There were no cardiac deaths in the exercise-only group. At 1 year there was no difference in the number of repeat functional stress tests (1.6 % vs. 2.1 %, p = 0.43), fewer angiograms (0 % vs. 4.0 %, p = 0.002), and a significantly lower cost (65 ± 332 vs 506 ± 1,991, p = 0.002; values are in US dollars) in the exercise-only group. The radiation exposure in the exercise plus imaging group was 8.4 ± 2.1 mSv. A provisional injection protocol has a very low mortality, few follow-up diagnostic tests, and lower cost compared to standard imaging protocols. If adopted it would decrease radiation exposure, save time and decrease health-care costs

  11. A translation approach to metaphor teaching in the LSP classroom: sample exercises from a Business English syllabus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisol Velasco Sacristán

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Translation can provide a valuable contribution to the teaching of metaphor in the LSP classroom. Although all languages make use of metaphor, neither conceptual metaphors nor their linguistic renderings will necessarily always be the same across languages (Deignan et al., 1997. Thus the extent to which metaphor presents a hurdle for second language learners of professional discourse depends on the extent to which there is overlap between the metaphorical systems of the L1 and the L2. Hence it follows that a better understanding of the similarities and differences in metaphor use between language pairs can help L2 learners of different professional discourses overcome problems of transferring metaphors from one language and culture to another. In this paper I propose a translation approach to metaphor teaching in the LSP classroom, illustrating its use in a Business English syllabus in which some learner-centred cognitive translation activities have been used. The results of using this approach in that application, although still in need of further empirical research, seem to suggest that translation can constitute a valuable pedagogical and communicative means to teach metaphorical concepts and expressions to L2 learners of professional discourses.

  12. La protección cautelar en el contencioso administrativo colombiano: hacia un modelo de justicia provisional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Castaño Parra

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Siguiendo de cerca las elaboraciones teóricas que se han gestado en otras latitudes para justificar la tutela cautelar como una modalidad de justicia provisional en razón del estrecho vínculo que existe entre ésta y la tutela judicial efectiva, se intentará extrapolar dicho razonamiento al derecho positivo colombiano para caracterizar a la protección cautelar como una auténtica concreción del derecho a la justicia consagrado en los artículos 8.1 y 25 de la Convención Americana sobre Derechos Humanos, y en los artículos 29 y 229 de la Carta Política de 1991.

  13. Soft tissue conditioning by immediate restoration of immediately placed implants in full-arch rehabilitation: the double provisional technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordaro, Luca; Torsello, Ferruccio

    2006-01-01

    The safety and effectiveness of full-arch implant-supported fixed partial dentures have been established. Thus, clinicians are now focusing on the treatment modalities that can reduce patient discomfort, treatment time, and cost, and that could enhance the esthetic outcome of the restorations. Full-arch implant-supported rehabilitations are used when the patient is edentulous or if the residual dentition has a poor prognosis. In order to improve patients' comfort and avoid the use of a removable prosthesis, some protocols for immediate replacement of hopeless dentitions have been proposed, but there are no data on their outcomes regarding the soft tissues. The aim of this article is to describe the double provisional technique and to show evidence of its efficacy in easily achieving predictable esthetic results when immediately restoring a hopeless dentition with a fixed implant-supported restoration.

  14. The feline oral microbiome: a provisional 16S rRNA gene based taxonomy with full-length reference sequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewhirst, Floyd E; Klein, Erin A; Bennett, Marie-Louise; Croft, Julie M; Harris, Stephen J; Marshall-Jones, Zoe V

    2015-02-25

    The human oral microbiome is known to play a significant role in human health and disease. While less well studied, the feline oral microbiome is thought to play a similarly important role. To determine roles oral bacteria play in health and disease, one first has to be able to accurately identify bacterial species present. 16S rRNA gene sequence information is widely used for molecular identification of bacteria and is also useful for establishing the taxonomy of novel species. The objective of this research was to obtain full 16S rRNA gene reference sequences for feline oral bacteria, place the sequences in species-level phylotypes, and create a curated 16S rRNA based taxonomy for common feline oral bacteria. Clone libraries were produced using "universal" and phylum-selective PCR primers and DNA from pooled subgingival plaque from healthy and periodontally diseased cats. Bacteria in subgingival samples were also cultivated to obtain isolates. Full-length 16S rDNA sequences were determined for clones and isolates that represent 171 feline oral taxa. A provisional curated taxonomy was developed based on the position of each taxon in 16S rRNA phylogenetic trees. The feline oral microbiome curated taxonomy and 16S rRNA gene reference set will allow investigators to refer to precisely defined bacterial taxa. A provisional name such as "Propionibacterium sp. feline oral taxon FOT-327" is an anchor to which clone, strain or GenBank names or accession numbers can point. Future next-generation-sequencing studies of feline oral bacteria will be able to map reads to taxonomically curated full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences.

  15. The Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation provisional criteria for the evaluation of response to therapy in juvenile dermatomyositis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruperto, Nicolino; Pistorio, Angela; Ravelli, Angelo; Rider, Lisa G; Pilkington, Clarissa; Oliveira, Sheila; Wulffraat, Nico; Espada, Graciela; Garay, Stella; Cuttica, Ruben; Hofer, Michael; Quartier, Pierre; Melo-Gomes, Jose; Reed, Ann M; Wierzbowska, Malgorzata; Feldman, Brian M; Harjacek, Miroslav; Huppertz, Hans-Iko; Nielsen, Susan; Flato, Berit; Lahdenne, Pekka; Michels, Harmut; Murray, Kevin J; Punaro, Lynn; Rennebohm, Robert; Russo, Ricardo; Balogh, Zsolt; Rooney, Madeleine; Pachman, Lauren M; Wallace, Carol; Hashkes, Philip; Lovell, Daniel J; Giannini, Edward H; Gare, Boel Andersson; Martini, Alberto

    2010-11-01

    To develop a provisional definition for the evaluation of response to therapy in juvenile dermatomyositis (DM) based on the Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation juvenile DM core set of variables. Thirty-seven experienced pediatric rheumatologists from 27 countries achieved consensus on 128 difficult patient profiles as clinically improved or not improved using a stepwise approach (patient's rating, statistical analysis, definition selection). Using the physicians' consensus ratings as the "gold standard measure," chi-square, sensitivity, specificity, false-positive and-negative rates, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, and kappa agreement for candidate definitions of improvement were calculated. Definitions with kappa values >0.8 were multiplied by the face validity score to select the top definitions. The top definition of improvement was at least 20% improvement from baseline in 3 of 6 core set variables with no more than 1 of the remaining worsening by more than 30%, which cannot be muscle strength. The second-highest scoring definition was at least 20% improvement from baseline in 3 of 6 core set variables with no more than 2 of the remaining worsening by more than 25%, which cannot be muscle strength (definition P1 selected by the International Myositis Assessment and Clinical Studies group). The third is similar to the second with the maximum amount of worsening set to 30%. This indicates convergent validity of the process. We propose a provisional data-driven definition of improvement that reflects well the consensus rating of experienced clinicians, which incorporates clinically meaningful change in core set variables in a composite end point for the evaluation of global response to therapy in juvenile DM. Copyright © 2010 by the American College of Rheumatology.

  16. Immediate placement and provisionalization of maxillary anterior single implant with guided bone regeneration, connective tissue graft, and coronally positioned flap procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waki, Tomonori; Kan, Joseph Y K

    2016-01-01

    Immediate implant placement and provisionalization in the esthetic zone have been documented with success. The benefit of immediate implant placement and provisionalization is the preservation of papillary mucosa. However, in cases with osseous defects presenting on the facial bony plate, immediate implant placement procedures have resulted in facial gingival recession. Subepithelial connective tissue grafts for immediate implant placement and provisionalization procedures have been reported with a good esthetic outcome. Biotype conversion around implants with subepithelial connective tissue grafts have been advocated, and the resulting tissues appear to be more resistant to recession. The dimensions of peri-implant mucosa in a thick biotype were significantly greater than in a thin biotype. Connective tissue graft with coronally positioned flap procedures on natural teeth has also been documented with success. This article describes a technique combining immediate implant placement, provisionalization, guided bone regeneration (GBR), connective tissue graft, and a coronally positioned flap in order to achieve more stable peri-implant tissue in facial osseous defect situations.

  17. Provisional Analysis as a Means to Improve the Use of Program Evaluation Data: An Investigation of Its Effectiveness Using an In-basket Simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, James R.; And Others

    This investigation employed an in-basket simulation to assess the effect of provisional analysis on the use of evaluation data by program administrators in making program decisions. Sixty-five volunteers from graduate education courses and 52 volunteers from undergraduate educational psychology classes at Western Kentucky University were randomly…

  18. Documentation to the NCES Common Core of Data Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey: School Year 2011-12. Provisional Version 1a. NCES 2014-100

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keaton, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    The documentation for this provisional version 1a file of the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Common Core of Data (CCD) Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey for SY 2011-12, contains a brief description of the data collection, along with information required to understand and access the data file. The SY 2011-12…

  19. Analysis of ESP Syllabus: Analysing the Book Basic English for Computing as a Sample and Testing its Suitability for ESP Learners in Public and Private Yemeni and Saudi Arabian Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Mohammed S. Alduais

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Any syllabus could be evaluated and analysed in terms of design and format and achieving the goals of the designed syllabus in reality; in this paper the first type of analysis is conducted in addition to integrating the researcher’s experience of teaching ESP in Yemen and Saudi Arabia. Reviewing previous and related literature along with collected data from the text book, the researcher used different types of methodologies to come up with detailed analysis of the above named ESP book. The book Basic English for Computing seems to have high standard design and format as an ESP curriculum in terms of: planning stage, implementation, evaluation, and management, and in terms of selection and grading of the content and tasks of the curriculum as an ESP syllabus as well. However and from the research’s perspective, this syllabus in spite of its high standards, it doesn’t suit the level of ESP learners in both public and private Yemeni Universities due to misuse and wrong interpretation of the term ESP in Yemen among English teachers, specialists in the field of English language and decision-makers as well. It is the learner, the environment learning, and the teacher rather than the book that would greatly affect on deciding the success of achieving the goals of a certain syllabus and testing its usability in a certain country where English is being taught and/or learned for specific purposes.

  20. A needs analysis for communication by pharmacists in a multilingual setting: First steps towards syllabus and materials design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kris van de Poel

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite the efforts to manage South Africa’s language and culture diversity, in practice, the linguistic landscape has become increasingly English. This is problematic in contexts such as rural areas where people are not able to communicate in English, and communication on even a fairly proficient level is not a given. Medical contexts, in particular, may create critical situations of practical (life or death importance, as healthcare professionals are not necessarily trained or equipped to communicate in an efficient and culturally sensitive manner. Moreover, healthcare communication challenges are manifold because of the diverse views on the nature of a medical encounter. This article reports on the first empirical steps taken to bridge the communication gap between patient and medical practitioner (specifically pharmacists. These steps include identifying an appropriate theoretical framework, developing and conducting a needs analysis (among 255 pharmacists who are experts-by-experience, and designing a syllabus and course materials. The findings show that most respondents experience communication in a foreign language to be significantly more problematic than communication in general. Additionally, the qualitative data suggest that support is needed especially for African languages. Language learning materials should cover a wide range of professional topics supplemented with a communication module focusing primarily on history taking and ensuring the correct use of medication. Most importantly, learning materials should be to-the-point and easy to apply, as most practitioners have limited time. These findings might, in turn, inform policy issues regarding responsible and efficient functioning in a multilingual professional environment, where clear and transparent communication can be a matter of life or death.

  1. 大学课程大纲的理念、要件与特征:基于美国的经验%The Concept, Element and Feature of University Course Syllabus:Based on American Experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季诚钧

    2014-01-01

    在美国,课程大纲被视为教师教学的“承诺”与师生之间的“合同”。本文对美国课程大纲的理念、要件与特征作了介绍,并以此为基础,对我国课程大纲编制、使用与管理中存在的问题作了剖析,提出了针对性的对策。%In America, the course syllabus is considered as the promise of teaching and the"""contract" between students and teachers. This article introduces the concept, element and feature of syllabus of American universities. Based on that, the article analyzes the existed problems in the compiling, usage and management of course syllabus in China, and proposes the respective solutions.

  2. pH-Dependent solubility and permeability criteria for provisional biopharmaceutics classification (BCS and BDDCS) in early drug discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varma, Manthena V; Gardner, Iain; Steyn, Stefanus J; Nkansah, Paul; Rotter, Charles J; Whitney-Pickett, Carrie; Zhang, Hui; Di, Li; Cram, Michael; Fenner, Katherine S; El-Kattan, Ayman F

    2012-05-07

    The Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS) is a scientific framework that provides a basis for predicting the oral absorption of drugs. These concepts have been extended in the Biopharmaceutics Drug Disposition Classification System (BDDCS) to explain the potential mechanism of drug clearance and understand the effects of uptake and efflux transporters on absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination. The objective of present work is to establish criteria for provisional biopharmaceutics classification using pH-dependent passive permeability and aqueous solubility data generated from high throughput screening methodologies in drug discovery settings. The apparent permeability across monolayers of clonal cell line of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, selected for low endogenous efflux transporter expression, was measured for a set of 105 drugs, with known BCS and BDDCS class. The permeability at apical pH 6.5 for acidic drugs and at pH 7.4 for nonacidic drugs showed a good correlation with the fraction absorbed in human (Fa). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was utilized to define the permeability class boundary. At permeability ≥ 5 × 10(-6) cm/s, the accuracy of predicting Fa of ≥ 0.90 was 87%. Also, this cutoff showed more than 80% sensitivity and specificity in predicting the literature permeability classes (BCS), and the metabolism classes (BDDCS). The equilibrium solubility of a subset of 49 drugs was measured in pH 1.2 medium, pH 6.5 phosphate buffer, and in FaSSIF medium (pH 6.5). Although dose was not considered, good concordance of the measured solubility with BCS and BDDCS solubility class was achieved, when solubility at pH 1.2 was used for acidic compounds and FaSSIF solubility was used for basic, neutral, and zwitterionic compounds. Using a cutoff of 200 μg/mL, the data set suggested a 93% sensitivity and 86% specificity in predicting both the BCS and BDDCS solubility classes. In conclusion, this study identified

  3. 2012 provisional classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica: a European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology collaborative initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasgupta, Bhaskar; Cimmino, Marco A; Maradit-Kremers, Hilal; Schmidt, Wolfgang A; Schirmer, Michael; Salvarani, Carlo; Bachta, Artur; Dejaco, Christian; Duftner, Christina; Jensen, Hanne Slott; Duhaut, Pierre; Poór, Gyula; Kaposi, Novák Pál; Mandl, Peter; Balint, Peter V; Schmidt, Zsuzsa; Iagnocco, Annamaria; Nannini, Carlotta; Cantini, Fabrizio; Macchioni, Pierluigi; Pipitone, Nicolò; Amo, Montserrat Del; Espígol-Frigolé, Georgina; Cid, Maria C; Martínez-Taboada, Víctor M; Nordborg, Elisabeth; Direskeneli, Haner; Aydin, Sibel Zehra; Ahmed, Khalid; Hazleman, Brian; Silverman, Barbara; Pease, Colin; Wakefield, Richard J; Luqmani, Raashid; Abril, Andy; Michet, Clement J; Marcus, Ralph; Gonter, Neil J; Maz, Mehrdad; Carter, Rickey E; Crowson, Cynthia S; Matteson, Eric L

    2012-04-01

    The objective of this study was to develop EULAR/ACR classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Candidate criteria were evaluated in a 6-month prospective cohort study of 125 patients with new onset PMR and 169 non-PMR comparison subjects with conditions mimicking PMR. A scoring algorithm was developed based on morning stiffness >45 minutes (2 points), hip pain/limited range of motion (1 point), absence of RF and/or ACPA (2 points), and absence of peripheral joint pain (1 point). A score ≥4 had 68% sensitivity and 78% specificity for discriminating all comparison subjects from PMR. The specificity was higher (88%) for discriminating shoulder conditions from PMR and lower (65%) for discriminating RA from PMR. Adding ultrasound, a score ≥5 had increased sensitivity to 66% and specificity to 81%. According to these provisional classification criteria, patients ≥50 years old presenting with bilateral shoulder pain, not better explained by an alternative pathology, can be classified as having PMR in the presence of morning stiffness>45 minutes, elevated CRP and/or ESR and new hip pain. These criteria are not meant for diagnostic purposes.

  4. Geographical distribution of indoor radon and related geological characteristics in Bonghwa County, a provisional radon-prone area in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, E R; Chang, B U; Kim, H J; Song, M H; Kim, Y J

    2015-12-01

    The detailed indoor radon survey was conducted during a year (from September 2012 to August 2013) quarterly in Bonghwa county, one of the provisional radon-prone areas in Korea. The surveyed area was selected on the basis of previously conducted nationwide radon survey results. In order to minimise statistical and environmental uncertainties, ∼3 % of the entire dwellings were carefully selected based on the statistical annual report of Bonghwa county. The measurement is carried out by using solid-state nuclear track detector. The range of indoor radon concentration in each dwelling was 4.36-858 Bq m(-3) and that of annual effective dose due to inhaled radon of the resident in each dwelling was 0.19-23.5 mSv y(-1). Each dwelling was determined for geology criterion using one-way Analysis of Variance for the purpose of comparing indoor radon distribution with geology. Geographical distribution of indoor radon is closely related to the geological characteristics of basement rocks. In addition, the comparison between geographical distribution of indoor radon and terrestrial gamma radiation was done.

  5. Comparison of temperature rise in pulp chamber during polymerization of materials used for direct fabrication of provisional restorations: An in-vitro study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khajuria, Rajat R.; Madan, Ravi; Agarwal, Swatantra; Gupta, Reecha; Vadavadgi, Sunil V.; Sharma, Vikas

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The purpose is to compare temperature rise in the pulp chamber during fabrication of provisional crowns using different materials and on different types of teeth using direct technique. Materials and Methods: An extracted, sound, caries free maxillary central incisor and a mandibular molar were selected for the study and crown preparations of all ceramic and all metal were done on central incisor and mandibular molar, respectively. Materials tested were DPI tooth molding self-curing material and protemp-4. Addition silicone putty was used as a matrix and 80 provisional crowns were fabricated, of which 40 were on central incisor and 40 on mandibular molar. Depending on the type of material used, they were further divided into two subgroups: Each comprising 20 provisional crowns. Temperature readings were recorded using K type of thermocouple with 0.1°C precision digital thermometer. Statistical Analysis Used: Analysis of variance, Tukey honest significant difference and Kruskall–Wallis H-test. Results: Statistically significant difference exists between two materials tested on the basis of peak temperature achieved and time taken by a particular material to reach peak temperature. Peak temperature achieved was highest for provisional crowns with DPI tooth molding self-curing material on maxillary central incisor (40.39 + 0.46), followed by DPI tooth molding self-curing material on mandibular molar (40.03 + 0.32), protemp-4 on maxillary central incisor (39.46 + 0.26) and least with protemp-4 on mandibular molar (39.09 + 0.33). The time taken to reach peak temperature was almost double in DPI tooth molding self-curing material (5 min) than in protemp-4. Conclusion: Polymethyl methacrylate resin produced higher intra-pulpal rise when compared to newer generation bis-acrylic composite. PMID:26038649

  6. Comparative Analysis of Sequential Proximal Optimizing Technique Versus Kissing Balloon Inflation Technique in Provisional Bifurcation Stenting: Fractal Coronary Bifurcation Bench Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finet, Gérard; Derimay, François; Motreff, Pascal; Guerin, Patrice; Pilet, Paul; Ohayon, Jacques; Darremont, Olivier; Rioufol, Gilles

    2015-08-24

    This study used a fractal bifurcation bench model to compare 6 optimization sequences for coronary bifurcation provisional stenting, including 1 novel sequence without kissing balloon inflation (KBI), comprising initial proximal optimizing technique (POT) + side-branch inflation (SBI) + final POT, called "re-POT." In provisional bifurcation stenting, KBI fails to improve the rate of major adverse cardiac events. Proximal geometric deformation increases the rate of in-stent restenosis and target lesion revascularization. A bifurcation bench model was used to compare KBI alone, KBI after POT, KBI with asymmetric inflation pressure after POT, and 2 sequences without KBI: initial POT plus SBI, and initial POT plus SBI with final POT (called "re-POT"). For each protocol, 5 stents were tested using 2 different drug-eluting stent designs: that is, a total of 60 tests. Compared with the classic KBI-only sequence and those associating POT with modified KBI, the re-POT sequence gave significantly (p < 0.05) better geometric results: it reduced SB ostium stent-strut obstruction from 23.2 ± 6.0% to 5.6 ± 8.3%, provided perfect proximal stent apposition with almost perfect circularity (ellipticity index reduced from 1.23 ± 0.02 to 1.04 ± 0.01), reduced proximal area overstretch from 24.2 ± 7.6% to 8.0 ± 0.4%, and reduced global strut malapposition from 40 ± 6.2% to 2.6 ± 1.4%. In comparison with 5 other techniques, the re-POT sequence significantly optimized the final result of provisional coronary bifurcation stenting, maintaining circular geometry while significantly reducing SB ostium strut obstruction and global strut malapposition. These experimental findings confirm that provisional stenting may be optimized more effectively without KBI using re-POT. Copyright © 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Syllabus Development Studies in Turkey and in the World for Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language - Some Suggestion for Teaching Arabic in Primary Schools in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat ÖZCAN

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The importance of Arabic in Turkey and in the world is rising in the last years because of some developments in Middle East. Beside this, Arabic is the language o f Holy Quran and hadiths. As it is known the non - Arab, Muslims need to learn this language in order to understand their religion. After all, of these needs, some countries opened some courses for teaching Arabic. In addition , people started to write some new materials for teaching Arabic in these courses as a foreign language. In Turkey, there are Arabic lessons in intermediate, middle and high school periods. The Education Ministry is publishing syllabus for these lessons. A s Turkey, some countries are teaching Arabic as a foreign language in their schools. In this paper, we tried to analyze the similarities and differences between the syllabuses of these countries and Turkey for teaching Arabic as a foreign language. At the end of the analyze we suggested some suggestions for teaching Arabic in primary schools in Turkey.

  8. Comparison of retention of provisional crowns cemented with temporary cements containing stannous fluoride and sodium fluoride-an in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachin, Bhuvana

    2013-12-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the addition of stannous fluoride (SnF2) and sodium fluoride (NaF) to luting cements on the retention of provisional crowns. Provisional crowns were fabricated using methyl methacrylate and bis-acryl composite resin for 32 chamfer prepared molars. For control group A, crowns were cemented with Freegenol and RelyX Temp NE non-eugenol cements. For test group B, crowns were cemented using the above cements with the addition of SnF2. For test group C, crowns were cemented using the above cements with the addition of NaF. The specimens were thermocycled and retention test was conducted after 7 days. The addition of SnF2 significantly increased the retentive strength of both the cements in the range of 27-48 %, whereas addition of NaF decreased the retentive strength of both the cements in the range of 14-23 %. SnF2 can be mixed with non-eugenol luting cements to improve the retention of both methyl methacrylate and bis-acryl composite crowns. The different effects of NaF and SnF2 on retention indicate that it may be useful to have two different types of provisional luting cements for short-term and long-term cementation, as appropriate.

  9. Hacia un inventario provisional de las tendencias en Bibliotecología y Ciencia de la Información = Towards a provisional inventory of trends in Library and Information Science.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro E. Parada

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se presentó como un documento de debate y reflexión en las 1º Jornadas Nacionales de Docentes e Investigadores Universitarios en Ciencia de la Información (DUCI, llevadas a cabo el 3 y 4 de septiembre de 2015 en la Biblioteca Nacional Mariano Moreno. En el texto se señalan, en forma preliminar y provisional, algunas de las perspectivas más importantes de la Bibliotecología y Ciencia de la Información (BCI. En este contexto se citan las siguientes: la crisis de la denominación propia de la identidad, el papel del liderazgo de la profesión en la Web 2.0, el tópico de la cogestión entre los bibliotecarios y los usuarios, las potencialidades de autorrepresentación y deliberación de las bibliotecas, las dimensiones tecnológicas, la construcción de la lingüística profesional, la importancia del análisis de dominio en la web semántica y sus relaciones con el lenguaje, la tendencia a la inclusión, la gestación de los portales de acceso abierto, el paradigma de la diversidad polimórfica, la dimensión teórica y de índole filosófica, entre otras muchas. Finalmente, se señala la trascendencia de la BCI como una disciplina de la pluralidad y diversidad virtual, y como un campo en estado de apertura para que los ciudadanos transformen la información en conocimiento = This work was presented as a document for debate and reflection in the 1º Jornadas Nacionales de Docentes e Investigadores Universitarios en Ciencia de la Información (DUCI held on 3rd and 4th September 2015 at the Biblioteca Nacional Mariano Moreno. The text indicates, in preliminary and provisional way, some of the most important perspectives of Library and Information Science. In this context, the following perspectives are mentioned: The crisis of the identity denomination, the role of leadership of the profession in the Web 2.0, the topic of co-management between librarians and users, the potential of self-representation and deliberation in

  10. 编写高等教育自学考试课程考试大纲需注意的几个问题%Some Thoughts on Compiling Course Syllabus in Higher Education Self-taught Examination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    东晓华

    2014-01-01

    自学考试课程考试大纲是个人自学、社会助学、国家考试、编写教材、编写自学辅导材料的依据,是规范课程学习范围、要求和考试标准的文件。编写中要准确把握大纲的层次规格和标准,按照自考综合改革的精神,自学考试人才培养目标明确定位在继续教育和终身教育,人才培养模式上强调技能型、应用性和职业型人才的培养,理论以必须、够用为度;在内容上应该强调大纲的基础性、应用性、选择性。要在突出自学考试特点上下功夫,严格按照大纲的编写体例,处理好大纲和教材的关系,定论观点和个人见解的关系。%The exam syllabus of the self-taught examination(STE)course is the basis of personal self-taught, social institutions guided self-taught, national examinations, textbooks compiling and STE guidance compiling. The syllabus is also the official document of the course’s scope, requirements and standards. The textbook should accurately grasp the specifications and standards of the syllabus and its compiling should be in accordance with the STE comprehensive reform spirit. The talent cultivation objective of the STE should clear position in the continuing education and lifelong learning, and the focus of the talent cultivation ought to be put on the cultivation of skillful, application-orientated and professional talents. The theories they learned should be constraint to necessary and adequate theories, and the content they learned should be fundamental, applicable and selective based on the syllabus. The syllabus should reflect the STE features and be compiled according to the syllabus outline strictly. The relationship between the syllabus and its outline, as well as the authoritative opinions and personal opinions in the textbook should be both handled well.

  11. Provisional stenting of coronary bifurcations: insights into final kissing balloon post-dilation and stent design by computational modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortier, Peter; Hikichi, Yutaka; Foin, Nicolas; De Santis, Gianluca; Segers, Patrick; Verhegghe, Benedict; De Beule, Matthieu

    2014-03-01

    This study sought to better understand and optimize provisional main vessel stenting with final kissing balloon dilation (FKBD). Main vessel stenting with FKBD is widely used, but many technical variations are possible that may affect the final result. Furthermore, most contemporary stent designs have a large cell size, making the impact of stent platform selection for this procedure unclear. Finite element simulations were used to virtually deploy and post-dilate 3 stent platforms in 3 bifurcation models. Two FKBD strategies were evaluated: simultaneous FKBD (n = 27) and modified FKBD (n = 27). In the simultaneous FKDB technique, both balloons were simultaneously inflated and deflated. In the modified FKBD technique, the side branch balloon was inflated first, then partially deflated, followed by main branch balloon inflation. Modified FKBD results in less ostial stenosis compared with simultaneous FKBD (15 ± 9% vs. 20 ± 11%; p < 0.001) and also reduces elliptical stent deformation (ellipticity index, 1.17 ± 0.05 vs. 1.36 ± 0.06; p < 0.001). The number of malapposed stent struts was not influenced by the FKBD technique (modified FKBD, 6.3 ± 3.6%; simultaneous FKBD, 6.4 ± 3.4%; p = 0.212). Stent design had no significant impact on the remaining ostial stenosis (Integrity [Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota], 16 ± 11%; Omega [Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts], 17 ± 11%; Multi-Link 8 [Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California], 19 ± 8%). The modified FKBD procedure reduces elliptical stent deformation and optimizes side branch access. Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Syllabus of Dental Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-07-01

    York: Plenum Pub Co, 1975:635. V ".. PROPERTIES OF DENTAL MATERIALS--WOOLSEY 11 14. Ringle RD, Webber RL, Anusavice KJ, Fairhurst CW. Thermal... Anusavice et al (8) have demonstrated in silver-palladium metals, the presence of surface nodules created by internal oxidation of tin during the...683-689. 7. Ringle RD, Webber RL, Anusavice KJ, Fairhurst CW. Thermal expansion contraction behavior of dental porcelain-alloy systems. J Dent Res

  13. Critical considerations on the traditional syllabus of the subject Internal Medicine Consideraciones críticas acerca del programa tradicional de la asignatura Medicina Interna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Julio Romero Carbrera

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Internal Medicine is a specialty of wide profile which has always supported the best qualities of clinics. The syllabus of this subject, which rules the Chair of Medical Clinics (traditional syllabus dates back to 1989 and, even when there could be some invariants regarding methods and objectives, many things have also changed in these years and it is important to perform modifications, particularly in its content. Thus, it is necessary to update the syllabus to adequate it to the requirements and events above mentioned, without transforming its core mission of educating a general comprehensive doctor with humanistic and social scope. The objective of this article was to critically analyze some aspects that can not be omitted if we want to foster a subject based in a comprehensive specialty as Internal Medicine.

    La medicina interna es una especialidad de perfil amplio que desde sus orígenes ha mantenido y realzado los mejores atributos de la clínica. El programa de la asignatura Medicina Interna por el cual se rige actualmente la Cátedra de Clínica Médica (Programa tradicional data del año 1989 y, aunque puede tener invariantes en el método y los objetivos, durante este largo período de tiempo muchas cosas han cambiado y es necesario realizar modificaciones, fundamentalmente en su contenido. Se impone, por tanto, unamodernización del programa que, sin modificar su misión fundamental de formación del médico general integral básico con proyección humanística y social, se ajuste a los requerimientos y acontecimientos anteriormente enumerados. En ese sentido se realizó este trabajo con el objetivo de analizar de manera crítica aspectos que, por lógica, no pueden ser olvidados, si no se quiere poner freno al desarrollo de una asignatura que emana de una especialidad básica e integradora como es la medicina interna.

  14. 助学提纲在初中英语教学中的运用%Application of study-help syllabus in junior high school English teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄莺

    2015-01-01

    在初中英语课堂中,助学提纲可以使教学目标更清晰,学生学习更高效。结合课堂教学实践,阐述对初中英语助学提纲四要素即 Habit,Everybody,Lead,Progress 的认识及其在英语教学中的运用。%In junior high school English class,the “student-help syllabus”can make the teaching objectives clea-rer,and students'learning more efficient.Combined with classroom teaching experience,the author describes the four elements of the junior high school English student help syllabus,namely Habit,Everybody,Lead,Progress and the practice in English teaching.

  15. 采用Syllabus概念建立课程教学计划制度%Applying the Pedagogics of Syllabus to Guide the Establishment of Course Instruction Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯源

    2006-01-01

    介绍了西方传统教育理论的课程教学计划(syllabus)概念.以实例为基础,把现行的课程教学大纲、课程进度计划和课程教学计划的功能进行了比较,指出前两者不能代替后者.对课程教学计划的内容和形式进行了说明,建议采用传统的sylbbus概念,建立和完善我国的大学课程教学计划制度.

  16. Examination of the Equivalence of Self-Report Survey-Based Paper-and-Pencil and Internet Data Collection Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weigold, Arne; Weigold, Ingrid K.; Russell, Elizabeth J.

    2013-01-01

    Self-report survey-based data collection is increasingly carried out using the Internet, as opposed to the traditional paper-and-pencil method. However, previous research on the equivalence of these methods has yielded inconsistent findings. This may be due to methodological and statistical issues present in much of the literature, such as…

  17. Analyzing Syllabus “Sports and Pedagogical Improvement in Artistic Gymnastics” for Female Second-Year Students of the School of Physical Education and Sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Т. М. Кравчук

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective is to analyze the syllabus content of the discipline “Sports and Pedagogical Improvement (Artistic Gymnastics” for female second-year students of the School of Physical Education and Sports. Materials and methods: analysis, synthesis and comparison of literary sources, pedagogical observation, study and collation of instructors’ positive working experience. Results. The analysis of the syllabus content of the discipline ”Sports and Pedagogical Improvement” for female second-year students allowed to determine that the principal tasks are: to arm the students with the knowledge of the main types of training for qualified female athletes in artistic gymnastics; to teach the future professionals the fundamentals of the methods of physical, technical, psychological, tactical and theoretical training in artistic gymnastics; to shape the students’ professional and pedagogical abilities and skills in effective realization of all types of female gymnasts’ training; to cultivate in the future professionals the knowledge, abilities and skills of organizing control of the level of female gymnasts’ physical, technical, psychological, tactical and theoretical training. Conclusions. Teaching the discipline “Sports and Pedagogical Improvement (Artistic Gymnastics” in the second year of training at the School of Physical Education aims at arming the students with the knowledge of the main types of female athletes’ training in artistic gymnastics; teaching them the fundamentals of the methods of physical, technical, psychological, tactical and theoretical training, and shaping professional and pedagogical abilities and skills in effective realization of all the above-mentioned types of training in the future professional activity.

  18. 高职“333式”专业课程体系的构建思考%Towards Constructing "333" Syllabus in Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程凌

    2011-01-01

    高职"333式"专业课程体系是指"专业技术知识"、"专业核心技能"、"专业技术实践三大课程结构并存;"知识传授"、"技能训练"、"打造专长"三条教学活动主线并行以及"理论考试教师主导"、"核心技能操作主导"、"技术实践企业主导"的三元课程评价模式并举。"333式"专业课程体系的构建最终能实现课程内容职业化、课程模式多样化、课程实施阶段化、课程管理多元化的目标。%The"333" Syllabus is a system of curriculum involving the first three coexisting course structures of "professional technical knowledge","professional crucial skill" and"professional technical practice",the second three equally important teaching activities of "knowledge impartation","skill practice" and"special skill training" and the third three course evaluation models of "teacher-guided theory exam","operation-guided skill training" and "enterprise-guided practice".The "333" Syllabus aims at guaranteeing the vocational quality of course content,diversifying course models,phrase-timing the course implementation and multiplying the course management.

  19. Immediate implant placement and provisionalization in the aesthetic zone using a flapless or a flap-involving approach: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoupel, Janet; Lee, Chun-Teh; Glick, Jaclyn; Sanz-Miralles, Elena; Chiuzan, Cody; Papapanou, Panos N

    2016-12-01

    We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare the effect of flapless (FLS) or flap-involving (F) immediate placement and provisionalization of single-tooth implants in the aesthetic zone. Thirty-nine patients were randomized following extraction of a non-restorable tooth to a FLS or F group. All implants were immediately placed and provisionalized. We monitored prospectively changes in the peri-implant mucosal margin, the interproximal bone and buccal horizontal ridge at 3, 6 and 12 months. At 3 months post-surgery, the mean ± SD [median (interquartile range)] mesiobuccal peri-implant gingival margin recession from the pre-surgical soft tissue position amounted to 0.11 ± 0.32 mm [0 (0, 0.5)] in the FLS treatment arm versus 0.43 ± 37 mm [0.5 (0, 0.5)] in the F treatment arm (p = 0.02); corresponding values at the distobuccal surface were 0.11 ± 32 mm [0 (0, 0)] in the FLS arm versus 0.48 ± 0.44 mm [0.5 (0, 1)] in the F arm (p = 0.01). No other significant differences in soft or hard tissue remodelling between the treatment arms were observed at 3, 6 or 12 months. Flapless and a flap-involving immediate implant placement and provisionalization in the aesthetic zone resulted in comparable remodelling of the peri-implant mucosa, interproximal bone and buccal ridge at 6 and 12 months. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Scientific and technical assistance on the provisional results of the study on genetic resistance to Classical scrapie in goats in Cyprus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    European Food Safety Authority

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This EFSA Scientific Report reviews and discusses the provisional results of a study (EURL/Cypriot study on genetic resistance to Classical scrapie in goats in Cyprus. It is concluded that the provisional results obtained in the study further support the lower susceptibility to Classical scrapie in goats carrying the D146 and S146 alleles compared to wild type (N146N goats. The results from intracerebral challenge are not compatible with a level of resistance as high as the one observed in sheep carrying the ARR allele or in goats carrying the K222 allele. Final results from the oral challenge will be crucial in determining the level of resistance associated with the D146 and S146 alleles. Furthermore, it is concluded that the provisional results obtained in the study are compatible with the possibility to use the D146 and S146 alleles to build a genetic strategy to control and eradicate Classical scrapie in goats in Cyprus. However, the success of such a strategy will be determined by the level of resistance associated with the D146 and S146 alleles against infection with all the different TSE agents proved to be circulating in Cyprus, which at this stage of the EURL/Cypriot study remains to be definitively assessed. In addition, as compared to the results of the model developed in the study, it is concluded that the efficiency of the implementation in the field of a breeding strategy selecting for the D146 and S146 alleles may be lower due to potential practical constraints related to the management of genetic diversity, to the selection for production and health traits and to the need of moving animals for breeding purposes in Cyprus. Recommendations on aspects that may be considered when completing the study are formulated.

  1. The Effect Of A Provisional Sequestration Order - Does It Impose A Limitation To My Right To Be A Member Of Parliament?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonie Stander

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The question asked in this article is inspired by the recent case of Mr Julius Malema. Why the matter is so important and has enjoyed so much attention, is the fact that it was widely suggested that a final order of sequestration would affect Mr Malema's political career in that it would not be possible for him to continue to serve as Member of Parliament. The question that immediately comes to the fore is whether the provisional order of sequestration would not already result in such an outcome. As stipulated by the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, an unrehabilitated insolvent may not become a member of the National Assembly, National Council of Provinces, or a Provincial Legislator. Do the words "unrehabilitated insolvent" also include a person who is under provisional sequestration? The purpose of this article is to investigate the effect of a provisional order of sequestration and the focus will be on the ability of an insolvent to act as a Member of Parliament. The legal position in the South African law will be compared with the legal position in the United States of America – which is, with regard to the insolvency law, recognized as a very successful, modern, progressive and dynamic legal system. Voluminous changes to the American bankruptcy law system, to adapt to current practical situations and the current economic climate, have been effected as recently as in 2005. Brief reference will also be made to the legal position in the United Kingdom, due to South Africa's historical ties with the UK and the reliance in the past on the English insolvency law and the Bankruptcy Act, 1986.

  2. Depression in Taiwanese patients with Alzheimer's disease determined by the National Institutes of Mental Health Provisional Criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Pai-Yi; Steffens, David; Chen, Ping-Kun; Hsu, Ya-Chen; Huang, Hsiu-Tzu; Lai, Te-Jen

    2012-08-01

    Depression is a common behavioral and psychological symptom of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aims of the present study were to determine the rate of depression in Taiwanese patients with AD using the National Institutes of Mental Health Provisional Criteria for Depression in AD (NIMH-dAD criteria) and to investigate the association of depression with other behavioral and psychological symptoms. A consecutive series of 302 AD patients registered in a dementia clinic were investigated in this study. All patients met the criteria of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association for probable AD. The rates of depression were determined according to the criteria of the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders for major depression (DSM-IV), the International Classification of Diseases-9-Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) for neurotic depression, the depression subscale of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), and the NIMH-dAD criteria. Depression severity was assessed using the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. The rates of depression determined by the NIMH-dAD criteria were compared with the rates derived from each of the other instruments. Other behavioral and psychological symptoms were assessed using NPI. A behavioral neurologist or a geriatric psychiatrist interviewed all the patients. Using the NIMH-dAD criteria, it was found that 90 (29.8%) of the AD patients had depression, and all depressive symptoms in NIMH-dAD were significantly higher among depressed patients. Among other depression instruments, the frequency of depression was lowest using the DSM-IV major depression criteria (9.3%) and highest with the NPI depression subscale (54%). Behavioral and psychological symptoms determined with NPI were significantly higher among depressed patients in all domains except euphoria. This is the first study of depression in Taiwanese patients with AD using the NIMH

  3. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting of Urban Residential Consumption: A Household Survey Based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Tao; Yu, Yunjun; Bai, Xuemei; Feng, Ling; Wang, Jin

    2013-01-01

    Devising policies for a low carbon city requires a careful understanding of the characteristics of urban residential lifestyle and consumption. The production-based accounting approach based on top-down statistical data has a limited ability to reflect the total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from residential consumption. In this paper, we present a survey-based GHG emissions accounting methodology for urban residential consumption, and apply it in Xiamen City, a rapidly urbanizing coastal city in southeast China. Based on this, the main influencing factors determining residential GHG emissions at the household and community scale are identified, and the typical profiles of low, medium and high GHG emission households and communities are identified. Up to 70% of household GHG emissions are from regional and national activities that support household consumption including the supply of energy and building materials, while 17% are from urban level basic services and supplies such as sewage treatment and solid waste management, and only 13% are direct emissions from household consumption. Housing area and household size are the two main factors determining GHG emissions from residential consumption at the household scale, while average housing area and building height were the main factors at the community scale. Our results show a large disparity in GHG emissions profiles among different households, with high GHG emissions households emitting about five times more than low GHG emissions households. Emissions from high GHG emissions communities are about twice as high as from low GHG emissions communities. Our findings can contribute to better tailored and targeted policies aimed at reducing household GHG emissions, and developing low GHG emissions residential communities in China. PMID:23405187

  4. Greenhouse gas emissions accounting of urban residential consumption: a household survey based approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Lin

    Full Text Available Devising policies for a low carbon city requires a careful understanding of the characteristics of urban residential lifestyle and consumption. The production-based accounting approach based on top-down statistical data has a limited ability to reflect the total greenhouse gas (GHG emissions from residential consumption. In this paper, we present a survey-based GHG emissions accounting methodology for urban residential consumption, and apply it in Xiamen City, a rapidly urbanizing coastal city in southeast China. Based on this, the main influencing factors determining residential GHG emissions at the household and community scale are identified, and the typical profiles of low, medium and high GHG emission households and communities are identified. Up to 70% of household GHG emissions are from regional and national activities that support household consumption including the supply of energy and building materials, while 17% are from urban level basic services and supplies such as sewage treatment and solid waste management, and only 13% are direct emissions from household consumption. Housing area and household size are the two main factors determining GHG emissions from residential consumption at the household scale, while average housing area and building height were the main factors at the community scale. Our results show a large disparity in GHG emissions profiles among different households, with high GHG emissions households emitting about five times more than low GHG emissions households. Emissions from high GHG emissions communities are about twice as high as from low GHG emissions communities. Our findings can contribute to better tailored and targeted policies aimed at reducing household GHG emissions, and developing low GHG emissions residential communities in China.

  5. Enactment of Chinese Syllabus for Schools in Sweden and the relevant reflections%瑞典本土化汉语教学大纲的制定及思考∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宛新政

    2016-01-01

    Chinese Syllabus for Schools in Sweden is a localized syllabus developed in Sweden.This syllabus is based on the syllabus for modern languages in Swedish schools and compatible with such programmatic documents as Common European Framework of Reference for Languages:Learning, Teaching,Assessment.The syllabus takes into account the particularities of Chinese such as the lack of kinship with the Swedish language and the use of the Chinese writing system which is completely different from the Latin system.The paper discusses the background,the enactment process,the main contents and localized characteristics of the syllabus on the basis of a comparison with International Curriculum for Chinese Language Education as well as the future challenges to the teaching of Chi-nese in Sweden.%“瑞典中小学汉语教学大纲”是瑞典本土自主开发的汉语教学大纲。该大纲以瑞典现代语言教学大纲为蓝本,并对《欧洲语言共同参考框架:学习、教学、评估》等纲领性文件进行兼容。该大纲同时还考虑到汉语的特殊性,即与瑞典语在语系上不具有亲缘关系、采用与拉丁字母差别悬殊的汉字书写系统等。文章对该大纲的开发背景、制定过程予以介绍,并从跟《国际汉语教学通用课程大纲》等大纲比较的角度出发,对其主要内容和本土特色进行分析,进而对瑞典汉语教学的未来发展问题进行了探讨。

  6. Evaluation of English Language Teaching Syllabuses Introduced in The First Year of Secondary Schools in Northern Cyprus / Kuzey Kıbrıs Orta Okulları Birinci Sınıflarında Uygulanan İngilizce Öğretimi İzlencelerinin Değerlendirilmesi

    OpenAIRE

    Efe, Hüseyin

    2010-01-01

    AbstractSince the 1980s, new approaches to foreign language teaching and learning have led to questioning traditional methodologies. In this context, some approaches have lost significance while some others have gained momentum primacy. Parallel to these, educationalists have developed new syllabuses which are appropriate to new approaches and have begun to employ them. This study aims at evaluating a foreign language syllabus that has come into use in secondary schools in Northern Cyprus sin...

  7. Clinical Outcome of Double Kissing Crush Versus Provisional Stenting of Coronary Artery Bifurcation Lesions: The 5-Year Follow-Up Results From a Randomized and Multicenter DKCRUSH-II Study (Randomized Study on Double Kissing Crush Technique Versus Provisional Stenting Technique for Coronary Artery Bifurcation Lesions).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shao-Liang; Santoso, Teguh; Zhang, Jun-Jie; Ye, Fei; Xu, Ya-Wei; Fu, Qiang; Kan, Jing; Zhang, Feng-Fu; Zhou, Yong; Xie, Du-Jiang; Kwan, Tak W

    2017-02-01

    Provisional stenting is effective for anatomic simple bifurcation lesions. Double kissing crush stenting reduces the 1-year rate of target lesion revascularization. This study aimed to investigate the 5-year clinical results of the DKCRUSH-II study (Randomized Study on Double Kissing Crush Technique Versus Provisional Stenting Technique for Coronary Artery Bifurcation Lesions). A total of 370 patients with coronary bifurcation lesions who were randomly assigned to either the double kissing crush or provisional stenting group in the DKCRUSH-II study were followed for 5 years. The primary end point was the occurrence of a major adverse cardiac event at 5 years. Patients were classified by simple and complex bifurcation lesions according to the DEFINITION criteria (Definitions and Impact of Complex Bifurcation Lesions on Clinical Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Using Drug-Eluting Stents). At 5 years, the major adverse cardiac event rate (23.8%) in the provisional stenting group was insignificantly different to that of the double kissing group (15.7%; P=0.051). However, the difference in the target lesion revascularization rate between 2 groups was sustained through the 5-year follow-up (16.2% versus 8.6%; P=0.027). The definite and probable stent thrombosis rate was 2.7% in each group (P=1.0). Complex bifurcation was associated with a higher rate of target lesion revascularization (21.6%) at 5 years compared with 11.1% in patients with a simple bifurcation (P=0.037), with an extremely high rate in the provisional stenting group (36.8% versus 12.5%, P=0.005) mainly because of final kissing balloon inflation (19.4% versus 5.2%; P=0.036). The double kissing crush stenting technique for coronary bifurcation lesions is associated with a lower rate of target lesion revascularization. The optimal stenting approach based on the lesions' complexity may improve the revascularization for patients with complex bifurcations. URL: http://www.chictr.org. Unique

  8. PDI-4A: an augmented provisional screening instrument assessing 5 additional common anxiety-related diagnoses in adult primary care patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houston, John P; Kroenke, Kurt; Davidson, Jonathan R; Adler, Lenard A; Faries, Douglas E; Ahl, Jonna; Swindle, Ralph; Trzepacz, Paula T

    2011-09-01

    Patients with nonpsychotic mental health and emotional problems are commonly seen by primary care physicians. The objective of this study was to expand the Provisional Diagnostic Instrument-4 (PDI-4) to include a short self-report screen for 5 common anxiety-related diagnoses: panic attack (PA), social phobia (SP), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), hypochondriasis, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Primary care patients (N = 343) were originally evaluated with a self-report screen comprised of 85 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition symptom-based candidate questions, then interviewed by a trained rater for Structured Clinical Interview Research Version (SCID)/Adult ADHD Clinician Diagnostic Scale version 1.2 (ACDS) assessment and diagnosis. Responses to screening questions were used to calculate sensitivity and specificity for an SCID diagnosis, and to select the optimal cutoffs in symptom frequency for 1 or 2 questions for each additional anxiety-related diagnosis. The PDI-4 Anxiety (PDI-4A) contains 6 items for provisional differential diagnosis of PA, SP, OCD, hypochondriasis, and PTSD in addition to items for the PDI-4. Sensitivities/specificities were: PA, 88%/68%; SP, 57%/70%; OCD, 88%/61%; hypochondriasis, 67%/85%; and PTSD, 71%/72%. Screening for multiple common anxiety diagnoses may be desirable, although limitations may include reduced sensitivity and specificity for selected diagnoses. The PDI-4A may additionally help primary care physicians identify patients with PA, SP, OCD, hypochondriasis, and PTSD.

  9. Evaluation of the effect of various beverages and food material on the color stability of provisional materials - An in vitro study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaurav Gupta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study evaluated the color stability of four provisional materials: 1 Poly-methyl methacrylates (DPI; 2 Bis-acryl composite (ProtempTM II - 3M ESPE; 3 Bis-acryl composite (Systemp; c and b - Ivoclar Vivadent and 4 Light polymerized composite resin (Revotek LC- GC. Materials and Methods: The color and color difference of each specimen after immersion in different staining solutions i.e. 1 tea and artificial saliva, 2 coffee and artificial saliva, 3 Pepsi and artificial saliva, 4 turmeric solution and artificial saliva was measured using reflectance spectrophotometer with CIELAB system before immersion and after immersion at 2, 5 ,7 , 10 and 15 days. Results: Revotek LC- GC (light polymerized composite resin was found to be the most color stable provisional restorative material followed by Protemp II (Bis-acryl composite, Systemp (Bis-acryl composite and DPI (Methylmethacrylate resin. Turmeric solution had the maximum staining potential followed by coffee, tea and Pepsi.

  10. The Chinese Learning Syllabus under a New Perspective:Starting from AP Chinese Program%新视野下的汉语学习大纲:从AP汉语谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兰霞

    2016-01-01

    美国《21世纪外语学习标准》的颁布和AP汉语与文化课程的建设体现了新的外语学习理念,国内汉语教学界不少学者建议以该理念反思国内的汉语教学。汉语学习大纲可以成为这一反思的起点和体现形式。根据“以交际能力培养为核心”的新理念,汉语学习大纲可从以下三方面进行调整:变分立式大纲为综合性大纲;以体现交际能力的交际任务而不是语言成分为大纲内容,作为汉语教学各环节的服务者而不是规定者。%The publication of the Standards for Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century and the development of AP Chinese and Culture in USA embody the new idea of foreign languages learning. Not a few researchers suggest that the Chinese teaching as a second language shall be given more re-thoughts according to the new idea. The syllabus can be a starting point and a result of the re-thinking. Following the new idea of "the communicative competence is the central goal of foreign languages learning ", the Chinese learning syllabus can be updated from the three aspects: to turn the syllabus into a comprehensive one, the communicative tasks which reflect the communicative competence not the language elements consist of the content of the syllabus, to play a role of"supplier"not a"leader"in the Chinese teaching.

  11. On the Formulation of Teaching Syllabus in the Talent Cultivation Plan for University Design Major%试论高校设计专业人才培养方案中教学大纲的制定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王泽丰

    2014-01-01

    教学大纲是一门学科的教学指导性文件,教学质量与教学大纲相辅相成,共同提升教学效果。%Teaching syllabus is a guiding document for teaching a discipline, so the teaching quality is closely related to it, and they work together to improve the teaching effectiveness.

  12. Instrucción provisional para el empleo de puntos de soldadura eléctrica por resistencia en las construcciones de acero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Batanero, J.

    1963-06-01

    Full Text Available As an initial measure to generalise spot welding in the field of metallic structures, the Deutsche Ausschuss fur Stahlbau has issued a provisional specification, of which a full translation is given in this paper. The Specification includes a number of rules, as well as comments and recommendations on the method of establishing the aptitude of a given firm, or a workshop, to practise this spot welding technique. The various chapters of these Specifications give an account of the fundamental calculation principles and the best practise that should be followed in this type of welding. Advise is also offered on the initial care to be taken in applying these principles and specifications in actual practice. The comments that follow serve to clarify and explain the reasons which underlie the various conditions specified in this text. Finally, the recommendations on the method of establishing the aptitude of given workshops to undertake spot welding work are based on the following principle: the construction of structures with spot welded joints can only be entrusted to people who have attained a certain standard of skill, precisely because these structures are meant to be load bearing, and their real strength cannot be checked in practise, a posteriori, except by means of destruction tests. The full text of these Provisional Specifications will be given in three consecutive numbers of the magazine.La soldadura por resistencia es un medio de unión que, en ocasiones, puede resultar muy cómodo y económico. En las estructuras metálicas puras se ha venido empleando poco hasta ahora, aunque su utilización estaba bastante difundida en el empalme a tope de redondos, formación de parrillas de losas y tuberías, etc., con destino a las estructuras de hormigón. Sin embargo, las experiencias realizadas en los últimos años han demostrado que los puntos de soldadura por resistencia pueden constituir medios de unión que, bajo ciertas condiciones

  13. A Rational Design of the Theoretic Course Research Teaching Syllabus in Information Specialty%合理构建信息专业理论课程研究型教学大纲

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余先伦; 屈勇; 赵威威; 舒纯军

    2014-01-01

    Course syllabus is fundamental to implement course teaching, and the syllabus based on constructivism research teaching model must be mapped on the research learning concept. The influence of the information specialty theoretic course teaching syllabus is analyzed in the traditional class system, the knowledge conception based problem constructivism teaching and learning is discussed, the theory courses based on characteristics are analyzed in the constructivism teaching theory in the information specialty, the organizational principle of the information specialty theoretic course is advanced in the constructivism teaching, and the course syllabus system and implementation program are designed. Teacher-led and student-oriented is one of the characteristics of the information specialty theoretic course teaching syllabus. Teaching mode, the knowledge, ability and thinking are taken as a trinity. All these can promote the humanism of students.%课程教学大纲是课程教学的基本依据,建构主义研究型教学模式下的教学大纲必须能够映射研究型学习理念。通过对传统班级授课体制下的教学大纲进行分析,论述了建构主义知识观,分析了信息专业理论课程的基本特征,提出了建构主义研究型教学大纲的组成原则,并构建课程教学组织体系和执行程序。信息专业理论课程建构主义研究型教学大纲以教师为主导,学生为主体,以知识、能力和思维三位一体,推动学生对新知识的建构及人本主义发展。

  14. Development of functional foods for radiation workers - In vivo test on the effect of functional food for stem cell protection and preparing the provisional product

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sung Ho; Oh, Heon; Kim, Se Ra; Lee, Song Eun [Chonnam National University, Kwangju (Korea)

    2000-04-01

    We performed this study to determine (1) the effect of several oriental prescriptions as energy tonic (Chinese medical concept : Bu-Qi) or blood building (Chinese medical concept : Bu-Xie) decoction and its major ingredients, (2) the biological stability of irradiated Chinese medical prescriptions, and (3) the effect of several proposed prescriptions and its fractions on jejunal crypt survival (12 Gy), endogenous spleen colony formation(6.5 Gy), and apoptosis(2 Gy) in jejunal crypt cells of mice irradiated with high and low dose of gamma-irradiation. For the study of evaluation on the radioprotective effects of effective prescriptions, we tried the test on change of survival and hematological changes and finally we prepared the provisional product. 57 refs., 5 figs., 38 tabs. (Author)

  15. Provisional T-stenting and kissing balloon in the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions: results of the French multicenter "TULIPE" study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunel, Philippe; Lefevre, Thierry; Darremont, Olivier; Louvard, Yves

    2006-07-01

    In previous prospective studies, a strategy of (a) stenting of the main branch, (b) provisional T-stenting of the side branch, and (c) final kissing balloon inflation, was associated with high success and low target lesion revascularization (TLR) rates on the long-term. To examine the performance of this strategy in a multicenter study. Consecutive patients were treated at 14 French medical centers for de novo coronary bifurcation lesions with the same technique used. Immediate results and clinically-driven TLR at 7 months were examined. The mean reference diameters of the main and side branches were 3.2 +/- 0.6 mm and 2.4 +/- 0.5 mm, respectively. The side branch was stented in 34% of patients. A <30% residual stenosis in the main branch was achieved in 99%, <50% in the side branch in 90%, and both in 89% of procedures. The in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular event were a Q-wave and 5 non-Qwaves MI (0.54% and 2.7%). At 7 months of follow-up, 3 patients (1.76%) had died, 1 suffered a non-Q-wave MI (0.59%), and 28 (15.88%) underwent TLR. By multivariate analysis, a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (OR: 0.934), moderate calcifications (OR: 7.86), and non-use of the "jailed" wire technique (OR: 4.26) were associated with reinterventions during follow-up. A strategy of provisional T-stenting with a tubular stent and final kissing balloon angioplasty for the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions was safe and associated with a low TLR rate at 7 months. This strategy should be applicable to the new era of drug eluting stents. Copyright 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  16. Direct drug-eluting stenting to reduce stent restenosis : a randomized comparison of direct stent implantation to conventional stenting with pre-dilation or provisional stenting in elective PCI patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Remkes, Wouter S; Somi, Samer; Roolvink, Vincent; Rasoul, Saman; Ottervanger, Jan Paul; Gosselink, A T Marcel; Hoorntje, Jan C A; Dambrink, Jan-Henk E; de Boer, Menko-Jan; Suryapranata, Harry; van 't Hof, Arnoud W J

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate whether a strategy of direct drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation without pre-dilation is associated with a reduced incidence of restenosis compared with CS with pre-dilation or provisional stenting (PS). BACKGROUND: Previous studies were performed comparing d

  17. THE THEORY AND APPLICATION OF THE STRUCTURE LIGHT ENGINEERING SURVEYING BASED ON A LASER THEODOLITE WITH THREE FREEDOMS OF ROTATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The concepts of “confining structure” and structure light areilluminated in this paper.A laser theodolite with three freedoms of rotation,which is aimed at “confining structure”,is developed.Various scanning modes and their mathematical models based on laser theodolite with three freedoms of rotation are discussed.According to the features of a huge object,,the structure light engineering surveying based on laser theodolite with three freedoms of rotation is determined as the main method in an actual application.The observation of four sound concrete posts and forced centering plates.Subsequently,it is transformed into the huge object coordinate system.The scanning mode with plumb plane is selected as the main mode in the whole work.And other assistant methods,such as close range photogrammetry and the method of using reflection sheet,are applied to the work of “scanning dead angle”.At last,a surveying accuracy estimation of this method is done and a surveying accuracy test is finished.It can be concluded that the structure light engineering surveying based on laser theodolite with three freedoms of rotation is considered to be an effective and applied method,and has many superiority to some other surveying methods in the work of surveying “confining structure”.

  18. Análisis del programa de la asignatura "Introducción a la medicina general integral" Analysis of the syllabus of "Introduction to comprehensive general medicine" subject

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix J. Sansó Soberats

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo constituye un profundo análisis del programa de la asignatura "Introducción a la medicina general integral" que se imparte en el primer año del pregrado en la carrera de medicina en Cuba. En él se presentan juicios críticos en relación con la fundamentación del programa, sus objetivos, la relación objetivo-contenido, el ordenamiento y distribución de los contenidos, los medios de enseñanza que se proponen, el sistema evaluativo y las orientaciones metodológicas que se ofrecen a los tutores y profesores. Se concluye que este es un programa que por los objetivos que se propone y por su estrategia docente responde al perfil de salida del médico general básico. No obstante, necesita ser perfeccionado y se requiere una actualización en sus contenidos, acordes con el desarrollo que ha alcanzado la medicina familiar en el país y con la experiencia acumulada con la impartición de esta asignaturaThe present paper goes deep into the syllabus of "Introduction to general comprehensive medicine" subject that is taught in the first year of the medical career. Critical judgements in connection with the foundation of the syllabus, its objectives, the objective-content relation, the arrangement and distribution of the contents, the proposed teaching tools, the evaluative system and the methodological guidance given to tutors and professors are presented here. It is concluded that according to its objectives and to its teaching strategy, this syllabus answers to the profile of the basic general physician. However, it requires an improvement and updating of its contents, according to the development achieved by family medicine in the country and to the experience accumulated on teaching this subject.

  19. The development of training program syllabus for backup nurses based on post competency%基于岗位胜任力的机动库护士培训大纲的构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温贤秀; 敬洁

    2013-01-01

    Objective To design a scientific, practical and feasible backup nurses training program syllabus. Methods The qualitative research and Delphi technique were conducted to identity the training project, training content, teaching method and timing requirement for backup nurses based on the framework of post competency theory. Result The training program syllabus for backup nurses consisted of 6 training projects with 20 specific items. Moreover, the training time and teaching methods were identified. Conclusion The training program syllabus is based on the framework of post competency theory and provides scientific basis for the training of mobile nurses. The results showed that the expert consultation had good reliability and representation.%目的 构建一套科学、实用、可行的机动库护士培训大纲.方法 在岗位胜任力理论指导下,运用质性研究法和德尔菲专家咨询法,确立培训的项目、内容、学时与方式,建立机动库护士培训大纲.结果 以机动库护士岗位需具备的知识、技能、能力、特质为框架,构建的培训大纲涵盖6个培训项目共20项具体内容,并确定了相应的培训学时和授课方式.结论 在岗位胜任力理论框架指导下构建的培训大纲,为规范机动库护士岗位培训提供了科学依据,本研究结果表明,专家咨询代表性和可信度高.

  20. 中国第一部近代宪法-《鄂州约法》%The First Constitution in History of Modern China: E Zhou Provisional Constitution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    费春

    2001-01-01

    《鄂州临时约法》是民国时期湖北军政府制定的中国历史上第一个资产阶级近代民权宪法草案,它的人民立宪思想、民主立宪程序和突出的人权法案内容,为中国近代立宪主义树立了一个样板,在中国宪政史上居于开创性的历史地位。%"E Zhou Provisional constitution of the Republic of China" which was drawn by the Hubei Military Government of the Republic of China, is the first draft of modern constitution in the history of China. Its democratic ideology and procedure of constitutionalism, and its outstanding contents on human rights, had stood a magnificent model for the model of the modern constitutionalism in China. It holds an initiative position in the history of Chinese constitutional government.

  1. Revision of TRH 11 (1999-2000). Recovery of road damage – discussion document on a provisional basis for possible new estimation of mass fees – under review for TRH 11 (2000) – final summary report V1.0

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Beer, Morris

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available (2000) -- --- FINAL SUMMARY REPORT V1.0 --- Authors: M De Beer I M Sallie Y van Rensburg PREPARED FOR: National Department of Transport Abnormal Loads Technical Committee Pretoria South Africa PREPARED BY... DAMAGE - DISCUSSION DOCUMENT ON A PROVISIONAL BASIS FOR POSSIBLE NEW ESTIMATION OF MASS FEES - UNDER REVIEW FOR TRH 11 (2000) - FINAL SUMMARY REPORT V1.0 - Author: M De Beer, I M Sallie and Y van Rensburg Client: NDoT, South Africa Client...

  2. Tipología de las bibliotecas argentinas desde el período hispánico hasta 1830: Una primera clasificación provisional Typology of the Argentine Libraries since the Hispanic Period to 1830: A First Provisional Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro E. Parada

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo intenta trazar una breve clasificación de los distintos «tipos» de bibliotecas existentes en el actual territorio argentino durante la dominación hispánica hasta el año 1830. La tipología adoptada es, ante todo, una aproximación provisional y ampliamente perfectible. La contribución se dirige, en líneas generales, a quienes se inician en el estudio de la «Historia del libro, de las bibliotecas y de la lectura» en la Argentina. En este sentido, la bibliografía citada intenta suplir la falta de guías de estudio sobre esta temática. Las bibliotecas identificadas son las siguientes: de instituciones o corporaciones religiosas, particulares, pública catedralicia, pública conventual, pública, de sociedades de extranjeros (societarias, de institutos de enseñanza, circulantes (y gabinetes de lectura, y por encargo u ofrecidas por negociantes.This article tries to outline a brief classification of the different types of existing libraries in the present Argentine territory since the Hispanic domination to 1830. The typology adopted is, above all, a provisional approach greatly rectifiable. The contribution is aimed, in general terms, to whom start the study of the history of the books, libraries, and reading in Argentina. In that sense, the quoted bibliography tries to substitute the lack of study guides on the subject. The identified libraries belong to: institutions or religious corporations; private individuals; foreigners societies (i.e.: belonging to a society; educational institutes; and cathedral public libraries; conventual public libraries; public libraries; circulating libraries (and reading rooms; and libraries made to order or offered by businessmen.

  3. 新加坡高中数学教学大纲的特色与启示%Characteristics and Enlightenment of Singapore Mathematics Syllabus for High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张守波

    2013-01-01

    This article analyzes the overall structure and characteristics of Singapore Mathematics Syllabus of Higher 2. Mathematics Syllabus of Higher 2 has some features such as:calculus occupies an important place;attaching great importance to integration between graphic calculator and mathematics curriculum;statistics is very important constituent. This article also gives some suggestions for research on mathematics curriculum and construction:the share of modern&contemporary knowledge of mathematics such as calculus and statistics should be increased; improving the evaluation system of mathematics curriculum standard;strengthening the connect between high school and secondary school.%新加坡H2水平的数学大纲具有如下特色:微积分课程占有重要的地位,注重图形计算器与数学课程的整合,统计是重要的组成部分。中国高中数学课程与教学研究应:增加微积分、概率统计等近现代数学内容所占的比重,完善课程标准中的评价体系,加强高中与初中数学课程标准的衔接。

  4. Formação Inicial e Currículo no CEFD/UFES Initial Education and Syllabus at CEFD/UFES Formación Inicial y Currículo en el CEFD/UFES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo apresenta fundamentação teórica e seus desdobramentos no currículo de formação inicial em Educação Física para atuar na Educação Básica, implementado no Centro de Educação Física e Desportos da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, em 2006. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: formação inicial – educação física – currículo This study presents the theoretical recital and its unfoldings in the syllabus of the initial education program in Physical Education for Primary Education as it was implemented at CEFD/UFES (the Center for Physical Education and Sports at Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo in the year 2006. KEYWORDS: initial education – physical education – course syllabus Este estudio presenta la fundamentación teórica y sus desdoblamientos en el currículo de formación inicial en Educación Física para actuar en la Educación Básica (Brasil implementado en el Centro de Educación Física y Deportes de la Universidad Federal de Espíritu Santo en 2006. PALABRAS-CLAVE: formación inicial – educación física – currículo

  5. In silico comparison of the reproducibility of full-arch implant provisional restorations to final restoration between a 3D Scan/CAD/CAM technique and the conventional method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mino, Takuya; Maekawa, Kenji; Ueda, Akihiro; Higuchi, Shizuo; Sejima, Junichi; Takeuchi, Tetsuo; Hara, Emilio Satoshi; Kimura-Ono, Aya; Sonoyama, Wataru; Kuboki, Takuo

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this article was to investigate the accuracy in the reproducibility of full-arch implant provisional restorations to final restorations between a 3D Scan/CAD/CAM technique and the conventional method. We fabricated two final restorations for rehabilitation of maxillary and mandibular complete edentulous area and performed a computer-based comparative analysis of the accuracy in the reproducibility of the provisional restoration to final restoration between a 3D scanning and CAD/CAM (Scan/CAD/CAM) technique and the conventional silicone-mold transfer technique. Final restorations fabricated either by the conventional or Scan/CAD/CAM method were successfully installed in the patient. The total concave/convex volume discrepancy observed with the Scan/CAD/CAM technique was 503.50mm(3) and 338.15 mm(3) for maxillary and mandibular implant-supported prostheses (ISPs), respectively. On the other hand, total concave/convex volume discrepancy observed with the conventional method was markedly high (1106.84 mm(3) and 771.23 mm(3) for maxillary and mandibular ISPs, respectively). The results of the present report suggest that Scan/CAD/CAM method enables a more precise and accurate transfer of provisional restorations to final restorations compared to the conventional method. Copyright © 2014 Japan Prosthodontic Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Autonomy development and the classroom: reviewing a course syllabus O desenvolvimento da autonomia e a sala de aula: revisando um plano de curso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terezinha Maria Sprenger

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we describe the process of updating a course syllabus designed to foster the development of language teacher autonomy for course planning and materials preparation. Three main factors were taken into account: participants' reactions and evaluations concerning the first version of the course, the new context, and the developments in the literature related to learner and teacher autonomy. We draw on literature concerning learner and teacher autonomy (Little 2000; Lamb 2000; Benson 1997a, 1997b, 2001; Dam 1995; Aoki 2002, on Critical Pedagogy (Freire 1970, 1973, 1980, 1996 and on studies that deal with learner and teacher narratives (Benson et al. 2003; Benson 2005; Murphey et al. 2005; Karlsson & Kjisik 2007; Liberalli et al. 2003; Telles 2002, 2004. We conclude by raising some questions concerning the theoretical and practical decisions made in the second version of the course and their implications.Neste artigo descrevemos o processo de reformulação de um plano de curso que tem como objetivo o desenvolvimento da autonomia de professores de línguas para planejamento de curso e preparação de materiais didáticos. Foram levados em conta as reações e avaliações dos participantes com relação à primeira versão do curso, o novo contexto e o desenvolvimento da literatura relacionada à autonomia do professor e do aluno. A fundamentação teórica do trabalho baseia-se na literatura sobre autonomia do professor e do aluno (Little 2000; Lamb 2000; Benson 1997a, 1997b, 2001; Dam 1995; Aoki 2002, na Pedagogia Crítica (Freire 1970, 1973, 1980, 1996 e em estudos sobre narrativas do professor e do aluno (Benson et al. 2003; Benson 2005; Murphey et al. 2005; Karlsson & Kjisik 2007; Liberalli et al. 2003; Telles 2002, 2004. Concluímos com alguns questionamentos sobre as decisões teóricas e práticas tomadas na segunda versão do curso e sobre suas implicações.

  7. Supreme Court of the United States Syllabus: Runyon et ux., dba Bobbe's School v. McCrary et al. Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. No. 75-62. Argued April 26, 1976--Decided June 25, 1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Supreme Court of the U. S., Washington, DC.

    This publication presents the full text of the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Runyon et ux., dba Bobbe's School v. McCrary et al., as written by Justice Stewart. Also included are separate concurring opinions written by Justice Powell and Justice Stevens and a dissenting opinion written by Justice White, as well as a syllabus that summarizes the…

  8. Clinical comparison of human and canine atopic dermatitis using human diagnostic criteria (Japanese Dermatological Association, 2009): proposal of provisional diagnostic criteria for canine atopic dermatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terada, Yuri; Nagata, Masahiko; Murayama, Nobuo; Nanko, Hiroko; Furue, Masutaka

    2011-08-01

    Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin disease encountered in both humans and dogs. Canine AD can be used in the analysis of naturally occurring AD; however, details of clinical comparison have been lacking. The purpose of this study is to compare those clinical features using the human diagnostic criteria (Japanese Dermatological Association, 2009). Fifty-one dogs with canine AD were evaluated by the human criteria. Prior to this study, canine AD was basically diagnosed by the fulfillment of two authentic canine AD criteria and a positive reaction against Dermatophagoides farinae in serum immunoglobulin E levels and/or in intradermal tests. Among the human AD criteria items, behavior corresponding to pruritus was observed in all 51 dogs. Skin lesions corresponding to eczematous dermatitis were seen in 50 dogs, and symmetrical distribution of skin lesions was noted in all 51 dogs. A chronic or chronically relapsing course was observed in 50 dogs. Based on these results, the concordance rate for the criteria was 96% (49/51). Differential diagnoses of AD were also investigated in the same manner. The concordance rate for the criteria was 0% (0/69) in scabies, 2% (1/50) in pyoderma, 0% (0/50) in demodicosis, 0% (0/9) in cutaneous lymphoma, 0% (0/2) in ichthyosis, 25% (2/7) in flea allergy, 48% (24/50) in seborrheic dermatitis and 75% (3/4) in food allergy. Canine AD is thus indicated as a valuable counterpart to human AD in clinical aspects. In addition, the human AD criteria could be applicable, with some modification, as provisional diagnostic criteria for canine AD.

  9. Effect of Immersion Time in Artificial Saliva on Flexural Strength of Provisional Crown and Bridge Material: Light zPolymerization versus Autopolymerization system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marzia Magdalena Tetelepta

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of immersion time in artificial salive on the flexural strength of provisional crown and bridge (p-c&b materials. Materials and Methods: Two types of p-c&b materials were used in this study: Light polymerized p-c&b material (Revotek LC and autopolymerized p-c&b material (PerfecTemp II. A total of 100 specimens were fabricated and measured according to ISO 4049/2000. A stainless steel mould was used to prepare 2mmx2mmx25mm bar shaped specimens. All materials were dispensed and manipulated according to the manufacturers' instructions. The specimens were divided into 5 groups (n=10. Each specimen of the first group was measured immediately after preparation. The second, third, fourth and fifth groups were immersed in artificial saliva at 37ºC in an incubator for 1 hour, 1 day, 7 days, and 14 days, respectively. Flexural strength was tested by Universal Mechanical Testing Machine Shimadzu in a 3-point bending test. The repeated ANOVA and Post-Hoc Bonferroni test were used to compare the continuous variables between the groups. Results: The results showed flexural strength of Revotek LC were higher than PerfecTemp II at first and second group. However, flexural strength of PerfecTemp II was higher than Revotek LC at third, fourth, and fifth group. The highest flexural strength of Revotek LC was achieved in 1 hour immersion, whereas PerfecTemp II achieved the highest value in 7 days. Conclusion: Flexural strength of p-c&b materials were influenced by immersion time in artifical saliva and the type of p-c&b materials.DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v17i1.108

  10. 23 CFR Appendix C to Part 1240 - Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved Under 23 U.S.C. 153)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Approved Under 23 U.S.C. 153) C Appendix C to Part 1240 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY... GRANTS FOR USE OF SEAT BELTS-ALLOCATIONS BASED ON SEAT BELT USE RATES Pt. 1240, App. C Appendix C to Part 1240—Certification (Calendar Year 1998 Survey Based on Survey Approved Under 23 U.S.C. 153)...

  11. Energy Management Controls. Course Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergen County Vocational-Technical High School, Hackensack, NJ.

    This course is one of four in a solar systems and energy management program developed by the Bergen County Vocational-Technical Schools to help tradespeople (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning; mechanics; plumbers; and electricians) to develop an awareness of alternate energy sources and to gain skills in the areas of solar installations…

  12. Course Syllabus: American Environmental History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koppes, Clayton R.

    1988-01-01

    Focuses on the intellectual and political forces that have influenced man's relationship with the environment. Discusses why the use of the environment has occurred as it has, and who benefited from these choices. Concludes with a look at global deforestation. Includes daily assignments and readings. (MVL)

  13. Based on People-centeredness to Enhance the Contract Role of Syllabus in Universities--A Case Study of“International Marketing”for English Major Students in Taizhou University%立足“人本位”精神加强高校教学大纲的“契约”作用--以台州学院英语专业《国际市场营销》课程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁艳艳

    2012-01-01

      教学大纲是课程评价的基础,是课程考核的依据,是约束“教”和“学”活动的合同。但中国高校在教学大纲的制定与使用方面普遍存在一些问题,如形式主义明显、实践性不强、应用性不足等。契约型教学大纲具有真实性、可操作性和互动性三个特征,发挥其契约作用可以有效地激发学生学习兴趣,从而提高教学效果%  Syllabus is a contract regulating teaching and study activities and supports basis for course assessment and course evaluation. However, it has some problems on present syllabus in univer⁃sities as the syllabus is considered only as a document rather than a contract, it is not used in class⁃es or not modified in line with actuality, and the application is poor, etc.. A survey is done to prove that students’learning interests can be inspired and teaching efficiency can be improved by contractu⁃al syllabus which requires the syllabus design to be based on reality, workability and interactivity.

  14. Division of labour by provisioners

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ydenberg, Ronald C.; Hemerik, Lia

    2016-01-01

    Question: Animals of many species work as members of a group such as a pair or colony to provision various resources to a central place. Group members could work as generalists (all group members self-feed to obtain fuel and deliver cargo; e.g. food items for offspring, non-food items such as bui

  15. Provisional coverage for independent workers

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz, Luis Eduardo

    2010-01-01

    The study examines how, from the traditional work of the independent artisan, we have moved to autonomous work integrated within networks of specialized businesses. This modality is owed not only to the manner in which labor is organized today, to government stimuli, to actions of multilaterals, but also to unemployment. With the purpose of humanizing independent work and rationalizing business costs, an intermediate category of autonomous worker has been created; the semi-dependent who...

  16. English Teaching Profile (Provisional): Venezuela.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    This profile of the English language teaching situation in Venezuela discusses the status of English in society and in the educational system. It also gives an account of Venezuelan political, economic, and social life. A description is given of the education system and reforms that have been proposed for nursery school through higher education.…

  17. Color stability and flexural strength of poly (methyl methacrylate) and bis-acrylic composite based provisional crown and bridge auto-polymerizing resins exposed to beverages and food dye: an in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gujjari, Anil K; Bhatnagar, Vishrut M; Basavaraju, Ravi M

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate the color stability and flexural strength of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and bis-acrylic composite based provisional crown and bridge auto-polymerizing resins exposed to tea, coffee, cola, and food dye. Two provisional crown and bridge resins, one DPI self-cure tooth molding powder (PMMA) (Group A), and one Protemp 4 Temporization Material (bis-acrylic composite) (Group B) were used. Disk-shaped specimens for color stability testing (n = 30 for each material) and bar-shaped specimens for flexural strength testing (n = 30 for each material) were fabricated using a metal mold. The specimens were immersed in artificial saliva, artificial saliva + tea, artificial saliva + coffee, artificial saliva + cola, and artificial saliva + food dye solutions and stored in an incubator at 37°C. Color measurements were taken before immersion, and then after 3 and 7 days of immersion. Flexural strength was evaluated after 7 days of immersion. Group A showed significantly higher color stability as compared to Group B, and artificial saliva + coffee solution had the most staining capacity for the resins. Test solutions had no effect on the flexural strength of Group A, but Group B specimens immersed in artificial saliva + cola showed significantly lower flexural strength values as compared to the control group. The findings of the study showed that for materials used in the study, PMMA was more color stable than bis-acrylic composite based resin. Also, material based on PMMA was more resistant to damage from dietary beverages as compared to bis-acrylic composite based provisional crown and bridge resin.

  18. Mutations in the X-linked retinitis pigmentosa genes RPGR and RP2 found in 8.5% of families with a provisional diagnosis of autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Churchill, Jennifer D; Bowne, Sara J; Sullivan, Lori S; Lewis, Richard Alan; Wheaton, Dianna K; Birch, David G; Branham, Kari E; Heckenlively, John R; Daiger, Stephen P

    2013-02-19

    We determined the fraction of families in a well-characterized cohort with a provisional diagnosis of autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP) that have disease-causing mutations in the X-linked retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator (RPGR) gene or the retinitis pigmentosa 2 (RP2) gene. Families with a provisional clinical diagnosis of adRP, and a pedigree consistent with adRP but no male-to-male transmission were selected from a cohort of 258 families, and tested for mutations in the RPGR and RP2 genes with di-deoxy sequencing. To facilitate testing of RPGR in "adRP" families that had no male members available for testing, the repetitive and purine-rich ORF15 of RPGR was subcloned and sequenced in heterozygous female subjects from 16 unrelated families. Direct sequencing of RPGR and RP2 allowed for identification of a disease-causing mutation in 21 families. Of these "adRP" families 19 had RPGR mutations, and two had RP2 mutations. Subcloning and sequencing of ORF15 of RPGR in female subjects identified one additional RPGR mutation. Of the 22 mutations identified, 15 have been reported previously. These data show that 8.5% (22 in 258) of families thought to have adRP truly have X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP). These results have substantive implications for calculation of recurrence risk, genetic counseling, and potential treatment options, and illustrate the importance of screening families with a provisional diagnosis of autosomal inheritance and no male-to-male transmission for mutations in X-linked genes. Mutations in RPGR are one of the most common causes of all forms of retinitis pigmentosa.

  19. Derivation of a Provisional, Age-dependent, AIS2+ Thoracic Risk Curve for the THOR50 Test Dummy via Integration of NASS Cases, PMHS Tests, and Simulation Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laituri, Tony R; Henry, Scott; El-Jawahri, Raed; Muralidharan, Nirmal; Li, Guosong; Nutt, Marvin

    2015-11-01

    A provisional, age-dependent thoracic risk equation (or, "risk curve") was derived to estimate moderate-to-fatal injury potential (AIS2+), pertaining to men with responses gaged by the advanced mid-sized male test dummy (THOR50). The derivation involved two distinct data sources: cases from real-world crashes (e.g., the National Automotive Sampling System, NASS) and cases involving post-mortem human subjects (PMHS). The derivation was therefore more comprehensive, as NASS datasets generally skew towards younger occupants, and PMHS datasets generally skew towards older occupants. However, known deficiencies had to be addressed (e.g., the NASS cases had unknown stimuli, and the PMHS tests required transformation of known stimuli into THOR50 stimuli). For the NASS portion of the analysis, chest-injury outcomes for adult male drivers about the size of the THOR50 were collected from real-world, 11-1 o'clock, full-engagement frontal crashes (NASS, 1995-2012 calendar years, 1985-2012 model-year light passenger vehicles). The screening for THOR50-sized men involved application of a set of newly-derived "correction" equations for self-reported height and weight data in NASS. Finally, THOR50 stimuli were estimated via field simulations involving attendant representative restraint systems, and those stimuli were then assigned to corresponding NASS cases (n=508). For the PMHS portion of the analysis, simulation-based closure equations were developed to convert PMHS stimuli into THOR50 stimuli. Specifically, closure equations were derived for the four measurement locations on the THOR50 chest by cross-correlating the results of matched-loading simulations between the test dummy and the age-dependent, Ford Human Body Model. The resulting closure equations demonstrated acceptable fidelity (n=75 matched simulations, R2≥0.99). These equations were applied to the THOR50-sized men in the PMHS dataset (n=20). The NASS and PMHS datasets were combined and subjected to survival

  20. Valoración del diseño curricular del programa de Salud Pública como disciplina Assessment of the Curricular Design of the Health Public Syllabus as a discipline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carmen Valdés Vento

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Se refleja una valoración del Diseño Curricular del programa de Salud Pública como disciplina que se imparte en el 5to. año de la carrera de Medicina, teniendo como base las experiencias de la aplicación del nuevo programa de la estancia de Salud Pública desde 1996 en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Se considera que para su elaboración se tomaron los modelos de diseño curricular que más se acercan a los planes de estudio de la Educación Médica Superior Cubana. Se concluye que para su formulación se tuvo en cuenta el perfil de salida de nuestro egresado de Ciencias Médicas (Médico General Básico, y el tributo a la disciplina general integradora (Medicina General Integral, permitiendo el desarrollo de habilidades prácticas en la comunidad, con una organización modular y la utilización del método problémico como forma de enseñanza. Se sugiere que el método de evaluación del análisis de la situación de salud debe perfeccionarse para lograr un mayor desempeño creativo e investigativo del educando, lo cual puede materializarse utilizando la flexibilidad que facilita el programa. La sistematicidad en el funcionamiento de los colectivos de asignatura y los Comités Horizontales y Verticales garantizarán el cumplimiento de los objetivos propuestos.An assessment of the Curricular Design of the Public Health Syllabus as a discipline that is taught in the 5th year of the medical career is made, taking into account the experiences of the application of the new syllabus of the Public Health training since 1996 in the Medical Faculty of Pinar del Río. The curricular design models closer to the Cuban Medical Higher Education syllabuses were used. It is concluded that the final profile of our medical graduates (Basic General Doctor and the tribute to the comprehensive general discipline (Comprehensive General Medicine were considered for its formulation, allowing the development of practical abilities in the

  1. 完善教学大纲,提高专业学位研究生培养质量--以《设施园艺学》课程为例%Perfect Syllabus and Improve Cultivation Quality of Professional Degree Graduates-A Case Study of Facilities Horticulture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廉华; 马光恕; 高玉刚; 于高波

    2015-01-01

    《设施园艺学》是园艺领域专业学位的主要专业课程之一,通过分析教学大纲在课堂教学中的重要作用和教学大纲的实际应用效果,确定《设施园艺学》课程教学大纲的修订依据和修订内容,并详细阐述了教学大纲修订后的实际效果。%Facilities Horticulture is one of the major professional courses in professional degree graduate of horticulture field. In this paper, the revisions basis and content of syllabus of Facilities Horticulture are determined by analysis of significance of syllabus in classroom teaching and its actual application effect, and the teaching actual effect after the revisions of syllabus of Facilities Horticulture is elaborated.

  2. Provisional Measures in the Case Concerning Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v. Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Thienel

    2009-02-01

    /LOKALE~1/Temp/msohtml1/01/clip_header.htm" fs; mso-footnote-continuation-separator:url("file:///C:/DOKUME~1/mlippold/LOKALE~1/Temp/msohtml1/01/clip_header.htm" fcs; mso-endnote-separator:url("file:///C:/DOKUME~1/mlippold/LOKALE~1/Temp/msohtml1/01/clip_header.htm" es; mso-endnote-continuation-separator:url("file:///C:/DOKUME~1/mlippold/LOKALE~1/Temp/msohtml1/01/clip_header.htm" ecs;} @page Section1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt; margin:70.85pt 70.85pt 2.0cm 70.85pt; mso-header-margin:36.0pt; mso-footer-margin:36.0pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} -->

    On 15 October 2008, the International Court of Justice indicated provisional measures under Article 41 of its Statute in the Case concerning Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v. Russia.[1] By these measures, it instructed both Russia and Georgia to refrain from specified violations of the Convention,[2] to do all in their power to prevent their public authorities from committing such violations

  3. La apuesta de la nueva Ley de Enjuiciamiento Civil Española por la revalorización de la importancia del enjuiciamiento de primer grado: La nueva regulación de la ejecución provisional de las sentencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Hinojosa Segovia

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza uno de los institutos procesales más controvertidos del proceso de reforma de la Justicia civil, cual es la ejecución provisional de las sentencias, como mecanismo para acercar el horizonte temporal de una respuesta jurisdiccional efectiva. Teniendo a la vista los desafíos que debe asumirse para superar realmente los actuales problemas que sufre la Justicia chilena, los autores analizan la apuesta de la nueva Ley de Enjuiciamiento Civil española por la revalorización de la importancia del enjuiciamiento de primer grado a través de la nueva regulación de la ejecución provisional de las sentenciasOne of the most controversial procedural institutes of the civil justice reform is analyzed in this article, which is a provisional execution of the judgments, as a mechanism to get closer to the temporary horizon for an effective jurisdictional response. Bearing in mind the challenges that should be taken over in order to overcome the current problems that the Chilean Justice suffers; the authors analyze the involvement of the new Spanish civil prosecution Act for the revaluation due to the importance of the first instance trial through the new regulation of the provisional execution of the judgments

  4. A formação de professores e os currículos praticados em um movimento de educação popular na Rocinha Teacher training and the syllabuses adopted in a community education movement in Rocinha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Torquato da Silva

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A proposta deste artigo é fazer um mergulho nas redes de ações coletivas que atribuem sentidos políticos e pedagógicos aos processos de sociabilidades na favela da Rocinha. Trata-se de uma pesquisa nos/dos/com os cotidianos de um movimento social de educação popular, o Pré-Vestibular Comunitário da Rocinha (PVCR, situado em uma das maiores favelas da América Latina. O objetivo central deste texto é apresentar práticas pedagógicas tecidas no cotidiano do PVCR que forjam uma nova perspectiva de formação de professores, num contexto em que as hierarquias tradicionais da relação professor/aluno são quebradas e reinventadas a partir da potência emancipatória presente nos conflitos dos currículos praticados.This article looks into the network of collective actions that lend political and pedagogical meaning to sociability processes in Rocinha shantytown. Pré-Vestibular Comunitário da Rocinha (PVCR, a community education movement based at Rocinha, one of the largest shantytowns in Latin America, prepares students for university entrance examinations. The core objective is to present pedagogical practices built on the PVCR experiences that shape a new teacher development/training perspective in a context where traditional teacher-student relation hierarchies are broken and reinvented from the emancipating power born in the conflicts of the adopted syllabus.

  5. 在数学学习理论视角下探究《习算纲目》%Inquiry of A Syllabus of Mathmatics in the Perspective of Mathematical Learning Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗旋

    2012-01-01

    In combination with the mathematical learning theory a study is made on Yang Hui's book,A Syllabus of Mathematics,finding that it contains principally four elements of learning theory: the achievement of knowledge transfer by the interactions between the "rules" and the "examples";the realization of the long-term memory of knowledge by the elaboration processing;the conduction of thinking training by comprehension of the inverse operation;the realization of the rational development of mathematics knowledge by encouraging independent learner construction.Besides,a perfect combination of such elements of learning theory with the elements of curriculum and teaching theory can enhance our understanding of Yang Hui's mathematical education thoughts.%结合数学学习理论研究杨辉的《习算纲目》,其中蕴含着诸多学习论要素,主要有以下四个方面:通过用法与例题的相互作用实现知识的迁移;通过精细加工实现对知识的长久记忆;通过对逆运算的理解实现对思维的训练;通过鼓励学习者的自主建构实现数学知识的合理发展.此外,这些学习论要素与《习算纲目》中包含的教学论和课程论要素相结合,从而能够丰富对杨辉数学教育思想的理解.

  6. Provisional acceptance of installations and online data submission of PV and Hybrid kits in remote areas of Latin-America under the EC's EURO-SOLAR Programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cendagorta, M.; Rodriguez, J.; Lopez-Manzanares, L.; Linares, A. [Instituto Tecnologico y de Energias Renovables, S.A. (ITER), Granadilla de Abona (Spain)

    2010-07-01

    The EURO-SOLAR Programme is providing 600 isolated and rural communities in the 8 lesser developed countries in Latin America, with an electricity production facility based on both PV or Hybrid (PV and Wind) RE technologies. These installations are meant to provide this energy for community uses, rather than home and private usage, with these uses (computing, telecommunications, lighting, water purification, etc.) aimed to increase the degree of development within the communities. Two different companies were awarded the installation of these systems, after an international tender procedure, where ITER played a technical advisor role for the EC's DG EuropeAid. In the present phase of the project, where the systems are being installed, ITER has designed a provisional acceptance procedure (PA), in which both remote and in-situ verifications are carried out. This procedure has been developed in conjunction with a web application in order to ensure both transparency and traceability either of all actions and all actors involved in the process (Companies, ITER, Technical Assistance, EC, Communities). This application is also meant to act as a central repository where all the technical and administrative information of each one of the 600 systems could be found. This paper describes in detail this procedure, how it has been designed and what are the outcomes of all the processes aimed to guarantee the technical quality and the sustainability of the systems. (orig.)

  7. Survey Based Reviewof Elicitation Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidra Arshad

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Any software development process is the combination of multiple development activities and each activity has a vital role in the software development cycle. Requirement Engineering is the main and basic branch of Software Engineering, it has many phases but the most initial phase is Requirement Elicitation. In this phase requirements are gathered for system development. This paper provides a literature review of the requirements engineering processes performed in traditional and modern development processes and analyses the problems in the requirements elicitation phase. This problem analysis is based on a survey which was conducted in University. A questionnaire posing questions regarding the problems in requirement elicitation was given to final year computer science graduate students who are working on their final year project as a requirement for their degree. The theoretical analysis of the questionnaire further clarifies the problems. This problems analysis will help to find out the main problems which are faced by the perspective software developers.

  8. International law aspects of EU-Russia energy relations. An analysis with special reference to the provisional application of the energy charter treaty by Russia; Das voelkerrechtliche Verhaeltnis zwischen der EU und Russland im Energiesektor. Eine Untersuchung unter Beruecksichtigung der vorlaeufigen Anwendung des Energiecharta-Vertrages durch Russland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pritzkow, Sebastian

    2011-07-01

    Questions related to energy issues in the relationship between the EU and Russia are often discussed from a political science perspective. At the same time, a broad analysis of these questions from an international law perspective is currently missing. The author endeavors to close this gap. Emanating from an overview on relevant actors and their respective interests, the present work addresses relevant legal instruments between the EU and Russia - paying special attention to the EU-Russia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) and to the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT). Russia did not ratify the latter, but applied the ECT on a provisional basis for over 14 years. Thus, the specific regime of provisional application under Article 45 ECT is analyzed. In doing so, particular focus is put on a general problem of international law: The provisional application of a treaty, subject to the condition that treaty provisions are not inconsistent with the signatories' respective municipal laws. Deriving from that, the author addresses several legal questions with respect to EU-Russia energy relations such as trade, transit, investment protection and security of energy supply. For each question, a description of the legal status quo is given. Also, it is demonstrated to which extent this status quo differs from the interests of the relevant actors, and how Russia's WTO accession and/or Russia's ratification of the ECT would change the situation. The work ends with concluding remarks and an outlook on the future. (orig.)

  9. Research on the Reform of Teaching Syllabus for Dance Class in Preschool Education%学前教育舞蹈课堂教学大纲的改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨红丽

    2015-01-01

    The continuous improvement of the level of economic development has accelerated the richness of material life and spiritual civilization. The form of art has also become colorful and diverse, including dance which reflects the good life by creating artistic images through body movements. As an important means of expressing the human spirit and emotion, dance plays an im-portant role in improving the modern spiritual life. The dance ed-ucation for young children in preschool education is an important way to enhance children's comprehensive quality, and it is held in preschool education that children's dance exercise plays a positive role for students' healthy physical and psychological growth. Starting from the function and current situation of the ed-ucation syllabus for preschool dance class, this paper details the necessity and importance of its reform, and finally proposes a specific scheme for the reform.%经济发展水平的不断提高加速了物质生活的丰富程度,精神文明也逐渐呈现出极大丰富的局面,艺术形式也变得多彩多样,舞蹈通过人体动作塑造艺术形象来体现生活中的美好。作为一种表现人类精神和感情的重要手段对现代人的精神生活有重要的提升作用,学前教育中幼儿舞蹈的教育是对儿童综合素质提升的重要方式,学前教育认为儿童舞蹈练习对于学生的健康成长、心理身体发育都有良好的推动作用。文章从艺术教育中学前舞蹈课堂的教育大纲功能和现状入手,详细论述了改革的必要性和重要性,最后提出具体改革方案。

  10. A survey-based cross-sectional study of doctors' expectations and experiences of non-technical skills for Out of Hours work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Michael; Shaw, Dominick; Sharples, Sarah; Jeune, Ivan Le; Blakey, John

    2015-02-16

    The skill set required for junior doctors to work efficiently and safely Out of Hours (OoH) in hospitals has not been established. This is despite the OoH period representing 75% of the year and it being the time of highest mortality. We set out to explore the expectations of medical students and experiences of junior doctors of the non-technical skills needed to work OoH. Survey-based cross-sectional study informed by focus groups. Online survey with participants from five large teaching hospitals across the UK. 300 Medical Students and Doctors Participants ranked the importance of non-technical skills, as identified by literature review and focus groups, needed for OoH care. The focus groups revealed a total of eight non-technical skills deemed to be important. In the survey 'Task Prioritisation' (mean rank 1.617) was consistently identified as the most important non-technical skill. Stage of training affected the ranking of skills, with significant differences for 'Communication with Senior Doctors', 'Dealing with Clinical Isolation', 'Task Prioritisation' and 'Communication with Patients'. Importantly, there was a significant discrepancy between the medical student expectations and experiences of doctors undertaking work. Our findings suggest that medical staff particularly value task prioritisation skills; however, these are not routinely taught in medical schools. The discrepancy between expectations of students and experience of doctors reinforces the idea that there is a gap in training. Doctors of different grades place different importance on specific non-technical skills with implications for postgraduate training. There is a pressing need for medical schools and deaneries to review non-technical training to include more than communication skills. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  11. Photovoltaics and Wind Power Systems. Course Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergen County Vocational-Technical High School, Hackensack, NJ.

    This course is one of four in a solar systems and energy management program developed by the Bergen County Vocational-Technical Schools to help tradespeople (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning mechanics; plumbers; and electricians) to develop an awareness of alternate energy sources and to gain skills in the areas of solar installations…

  12. chemistry syllabus of the nigeria science curriculum

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    confusing language, ideas too demanding, insufficient explanation and ... For example, the Science Teachers Association of Nigeria ... in the four local government areas used for the study using the random sampling technique. .... local examples and teaching aids to illustrate principles and concepts, especially in practical.

  13. Solar Troubleshooting and Maintenance. Course Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergen County Vocational-Technical High School, Hackensack, NJ.

    This course is one of four in a solar systems and energy management program developed by the Bergen County Vocational-Technical Schools to help tradespeople (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning mechanics; plumbers; and electricians) to develop an awareness of alternate energy sources and to gain skills in the areas of solar installations…

  14. Energy Conservation for Residential Dwellings. Course Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergen County Vocational-Technical High School, Hackensack, NJ.

    This course is one of four in a solar systems and energy management program developed by the Bergen County Vocational-Technical Schools to help tradespeople (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning mechanics; plumbers; and electricians) to develop an awareness of alternate energy sources and to gain skills in the areas of solar installations…

  15. Active Learning? Not with My Syllabus!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, Michael D.

    2012-01-01

    We describe an approach to teaching probability that minimizes the amount of class time spent on the topic while also providing a meaningful (dice-rolling) activity to get students engaged. The activity, which has a surprising outcome, illustrates the basic ideas of informal probability and how probability is used in statistical inference.…

  16. Special Operations Aerial Mobility Vehicle Training Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    powered glider. (9) A fixed-pitch, semi-rigid, teetering, two- blade rotor system, if a gyroplane...Kts) Notes NorthWing Apache XC $55K 2 490 335 780 65 Soft, folding wing ParaJet Sky Runner $118 K 1 500 200 100 55 Collapsing wing

  17. Putting a Speaking Skills Syllabus Together

    OpenAIRE

    Graham G., ROBSON

    2004-01-01

    各クラスの違いのためスピーキングシラバスを作ることは教科書を選び、教えるだけではない。学生の最適な条件を理解し補強するなどしてシラバス第二言語理論に基づいていなくてはならない。学生にとって必要なものは学ぶ環境を整える,理解することによって理論に基づくスピーキングシラバスを製作することができる,この論文は例として千葉商科大学でのシラバス28レッスン(一年間)を通していかにシラバスのプロセスが次に何を導くかを基本的なモデルとしてシラバスの理論を示した。...

  18. Investigating the Syllabus as a Defining Document

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers-Campbell, Joy

    2015-01-01

    The following study is part of a larger study exploring reading identity in students who were placed into a mandatory developmental reading class because of low scores on college placement exams. Sociocultural theories of learning framed the qualitative study. Although the larger study addressed two overarching questions related to reading…

  19. Active Learning? Not with My Syllabus!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, Michael D.

    2012-01-01

    We describe an approach to teaching probability that minimizes the amount of class time spent on the topic while also providing a meaningful (dice-rolling) activity to get students engaged. The activity, which has a surprising outcome, illustrates the basic ideas of informal probability and how probability is used in statistical inference.…

  20. 2012 Provisional classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dasgupta, Bhaskar; Cimmino, Marco A; Kremers, Hilal Maradit

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Candidate criteria were evaluated in a 6-month prospective cohort study of 125 patients with new-onset PMR and 169 non-PMR compa......The objective of this study was to develop European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Candidate criteria were evaluated in a 6-month prospective cohort study of 125 patients with new-onset PMR and 169 non...

  1. 2012 provisional classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dasgupta, Bhaskar; Cimmino, Marco A; Maradit-Kremers, Hilal

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop EULAR/ACR classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Candidate criteria were evaluated in a 6-month prospective cohort study of 125 patients with new onset PMR and 169 non-PMR comparison subjects with conditions mimicking PMR. A scoring al...

  2. 权与能之争:抗战时期广西省临时参议会与省政府%Conflicts between Guangxi Provisional Provincial Assembly and Guangxi Provincial Government in the Period of Anti-Japanese War

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓军

    2011-01-01

    抗战时期,广西省临时参议会与省政府之间形成了激烈的冲突,其原因是:由于省临时参议会和省政府对于省临时参议会的性质、职权的认识不统一;省政府对省临时参议会的决议案实施不力加剧了双方的冲突;省临时参议会议长李任仁与省政府主席黄旭初在学理、政见、利益上的一系列矛盾,构成了民意机关与政府机关对立的深层原因。冲突的存在说明抗日战争时期作为民意机关的省临时参议会制度尽管从表面上已经建立,但难以发挥应有的功能。%During the Period of Anti-Japanese War,Guangxi Provisional Provincial Assembly vetoed a dozen of bills which were submitted by Guangxi Government which formed a violent conflict between the two organizations.Three reasons can be explained for this consequence.The Conflicts between Provisional Provincial Assembly and Provincial Government demonstrated that even though the Provisional Provincial Assembly system—the public body—had been established,it has little authority to act out its function that it should have.

  3. Regulations of Rights and Power :Constitutional Concepts of Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China%权利与权力的规制:《中华民国临时约法》之宪政理念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁兵喜

    2012-01-01

    The Revolution of 1911 wiped out domination of Qing Dynasty as well as its two - thousand - year imperial despotism. The establishment of the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China symbolized the start of the Chinese experimental field of constitutional government. The principles established by the provisional constitution started the history of governing the country by law in modern China, which included the principle of sovereignty for the people, principle of basic human rights, principle of separation of power, principle of checks and balances, and principle of due process.%辛亥革命不但结束了清朝统治,随之倒下的还有存在了两千年之久的帝国制度。《中华民国临时约法》的诞生,标志着近代中国开始了自己的宪政试验田。《临时约法》确立的主权在民原则、基本人权原则、权力分立与制衡原则、法治原则及正当程序原则,为近代中国第一次开创了依法治国的先河。

  4. Cultura Corporal Popular como contenido del curriculo multicultural de Educación Física Popular Body Culture as part of a multicultural syllabus in Physical Education A Cultura Corporal Popular como conteúdo do currículo multicultural da Educação Física

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Schools have harbored a manifold of cultural identities since education became accessible to all. Historically, however, knowledge from minority groups was never accepted into the school syllabus and dominant culture prevailed, thus calling for urgent studies to be made in order to show ways of transforming the current state of affairs. This action research project aims at developing a multicultural syllabus for physical education that stems from the heritage of popular body culture. Results gathered through critical analysis of experience show that popular culture contents and ethnography-based teaching methodologies can promote the strengthening of a community’s cultural identity.

    Keywords: Multiculturalism – popular culture – syllabus.

    Con la democratización del acceso, la escuela recibió múltiples identidades culturales. Históricamente, los conocimientos de los grupos desprovistos de poder fueron negligenciados en el currículo dominante, así despunta como urgente la realización de estudios que indiquen caminos para una transformación de ese cuadro. Esta investigación-acción buscó desarrollar un currículo multicultural para Educación Física a partir del patrimonio de la cultura corporal popular. Los resultados, a través del análisis crítico de la experiencia, indican que los contenidos de la cultura popular y la metodología de enseñanza inspirada en la etnografía proporcionaron el fortalecimiento de la identidad cultural de la comunidad.

    Palabras-clave: Multiculturalismo – cultura popular – currículo.

    Com a democratização do acesso, a escola acolheu múltiplas identidades culturais. Historicamente, os conhecimentos dos grupos desprovidos de poder foram negligenciados no currículo e a cultura dominante prevaleceu, despontando como urgente a realização de estudos que indiquem caminhos para a transformação desse quadro

  5. El inventario fonético del español de Chile: principios orientadores, inventario provisorio de consonantes y sistema de representación (AFI-CL (The phonetic inventory of chilean spanish: guiding principles, provisional inventory of consonants and system of representation (IPA-CL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Sadowsky

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo propone un conjunto de principios orientadores para la elaboración del inventario fonético segmental del castellano hablado actualmente en Chile. Se presenta un inventario fonético provisorio de las consonantes basado en los principios aquí explicitados, el cual tiene como punto de referencia el castellano hablado hoy en la provincia de Concepción (Chile. Se presenta, además, un sistema de representación fonética (AFI-CL para este y futuros inventarios, y se propone un programa de investigación cuyo objetivo es la elaboración del inventario fonético definitivo y de consenso del español de Chile contemporáneo. El objetivo final del artículo es motivar la realización de un caudal de trabajos que investiguen tanto los supuestos teórico-metodológicos contenidos en la propuesta como la selección y caracterización de los fonos del inventario provisorio. (The present article proposes a set of principles to guide the process of defining the segmental phonetic inventory of contemporary Chilean Spanish. It presents a provisional phonetic inventory of consonants based on the above-mentioned principles, using the Spanish spoken in the province of Concepción (Chile as its point of reference. In addition, it presents a system for the phonetic representation of this and future inventories (IPA-CL and proposes a research program with the goal of establishing a definitive phonetic inventory of contemporary Chilean Spanish. The long-term objective of this article is to spur research on both the theoretical and methodological issues presented here, and the selection and characterization of the phones of the provisional inventory.

  6. [An example for a practice-oriented curriculum in social medicine under conditions of the new medical licensing regulations. Experiences with practiced-oriented teaching and possibilities for including practical issues in the teaching syllabus of medicine after the introduction of new medical licensing regulations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erler, A; Fuchs, J

    2005-05-01

    Experience with teaching medical students the subject of Social Medicine shows that their interest can be greatly improved by including practical issues such as interviewing chronically ill patients at home, or visiting patient counselling services in the community. With the introduction of the new licensing regulations for physicians, there will be only one final examination and the medical faculties will now have to conduct the examinations themselves. In order to create legal confidence in the results, sufficient homogeneity of the teaching syllabus in Vocational and Social Medicine courses as well as in the new Health Economics courses must be assured for all students. The merger of the two medical faculties of the Free University and the Humboldt University in Berlin have increased student numbers to 400 per semester, so that 20 groups will have to be taught simultaneously. This situation makes excursions to patients or to community facilities nearly impossible. Potential alternatives to allow inclusion of practical issues in the course, even under the new circumstances, are the use of problem-based learning techniques (PBL) such as the creation of theoretical cases dealing with special problems of Social Medicine or the use of standardised patients.

  7. Applying Non-directive Teaching Theory to PE Teaching Based on the Concept of New PE Syllabus%体育新课标理念视域下非指导性教学理论在体育教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐云亮

    2012-01-01

    摘要:以体育新课标的理念为基础,引入非指导性教学理论在体育教学中的应用,从以学生为中心、建立和谐师生关系、开放教学模式和转变教师角色4个方面在体育教学中的应用进行研究、阐述非指导性教学理论在体育教学中的重要作用,为现代体育教学的发展提供切实可行的理论依据。%Based on the concept of new PE syllabus, non-directive teaching theory was introduced into PE teaching. The study focuses on the four aspects of PE teaching, i.e., taking students as the center, establish- ing harmonious relationship between teachers and students, opening teaching modes and shifting the role of teachers. The paper expounds the important role of non-directive teaching theory in PE teaching in order to provide feasible theoretical basis for the development of modem PE teaching.

  8. 献陋献曝 求实求真——关于《教育心理学考试大纲》若干问题的商榷%A Humble Opinion for Truth ---Discussions of a Number of Problems on Educational Psychology Examination Syllabus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉苒

    2011-01-01

    Educational Psychology Examination Syllabus (for applicants for qualifications of secondary school teachers) issued by the Division of Personnel and Education Examination Center of the Ministry of Education has questions open to discussions. For example, the definition of educational psychology which is too general does not reveal the essential nature of the discipline. The statement "Educational Psychology was originally introduced from the West to China" ignores the rich historical facts of the thought of educational psychology in ancient China. The critical period mentioned in the syllabus is a misreading of the research on Lorenz and its value. Definitions of motivation and learning motivation make them extremely confusing and difficulty to understand. The psychological structures of attitude should include cognition, emotion and behavioral intention instead of cognition, emotion and behaviors. The statement "by randomly and intentionally memorizing" does not make sense semantically. And the definition of cooperative learning makes a "circularly defining" mistake. This paper analyzes the reasons for these problems, and provides its own explanations.%教育部人事司、教育部考试中心制定的《教育心理学考试大纲》(适用于中学教师资格申请者)存在诸多值得商榷的问题,包括:教育心理学的定义未能揭示教育心理学学科的本质属性;所下“我国的教育心理学最初是从西方引进的”之断语,无视我国古代存有非常丰富的教育心理学思想的史实;关于关键期的理解,是对劳伦兹研究及其价值的误读;关于动机和学习动机的界定,造成了极度混乱和理解上的困难;态度的心理结构应包含认知、情感和行为意向,而不是认知、情感和行为;“利用随意识记和有意识记”表达的是同一内容;关于合作学习的定义,犯了“循环定义”的错误。本文探索了出现这些问

  9. An English Syllabus with Emphasis on Chemistry: A Proposal for 10th Graders of a Public School in Colombia Un plan de estudios en inglés con énfasis en química: una propuesta para estudiantes de grado décimo de una institución pública en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Juanita López Clavijo

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the process followed to design an English syllabus with emphasis on chemistry. It was focused on 10th grade students as they started a connection with a program named "Chemical Samples Analysis". In that attempt, esp (English for Specific Purposes and creative thinking theories were taken into account. A students' questionnaire, teacher's audio-taped interviews and a teacher researcher journal comprised data for the research. It was found that the English class needs to be reorganized by taking into account students' needs and interest and by integrating the four language skills. This way the English language process can become more meaningful.Este artículo describe el proceso que se siguió al diseñar un plan de estudios de inglés con énfasis en química, el cual se enfocó en estudiantes de grado 10.º, quienes iniciaron una conexión con el programa "Análisis de muestras químicas". Se tomaron en cuenta las teorías de inglés para propósitos específicos y pensamiento creativo. Para la recolección de datos se emplearon un cuestionario para los estudiantes, entrevistas grabadas a los docentes, cuestionarios para los estudiantes y un diario de campo de la docente investigadora. Se concluyó que la asignatura de inglés necesita reorganizarse teniendo en cuenta las necesidades e intereses de los estudiantes y mediante la integración de las cuatro habilidades del lenguaje. De esta manera el proceso de aprendizaje del inglés puede ser más significativo.

  10. Statistic inference system for complex sample survey based on B/S framework%基于B/S架构的复杂抽样调查统计推断系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗智超; 管河山; 曹礼华

    2011-01-01

    基于B/S构架的复杂抽样调查统计推断系统采用跨平台设计,与业务系统及数据库无缝链接.系统提供随机抽样、分层抽样、Neyman分层抽样、不等概率抽样(PPS)、多阶段抽样等常用抽样算法.系统用户根据研究目标自定义组合抽样方法,系统根据样本和总体属性及用户抽样方案自动推算统计推断结果及置信区间,实现抽样调查、统计推断的自动化与系统化.%A statistic inference system of complex sample survey based on B/S framework used cross platform construction, and can interconnect business system and database seamlessly. The system includes usual sampling methods, such as random sampling, stratified sampling, Neyman stratified sampling. Unequal Probability Sampling (PPS) and multistage sampling. Users can choose user-defined sampling method; system will calculate and inference the population score based on the information input into the system including population detail, sample size, sample methods and etc. Such system can make sampling and inference process automatically and systematically.

  11. 基于流形学习的航空影像匹配方法研究%Research of Matching Method about Aerial Images of Surveying Based on Manifold Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付冬暇; 赵淮; 李爱霞

    2013-01-01

    提出了一种基于流形学习的航空影像匹配方法.该方法利用同一幅影像中特征点之间的空间结构和不同影像中特征点之间的相似性作为特征点映射的约束条件,利用流形学习方法对影像的特征点进行映射,将所有影像的特征点映射到同一空间后采用最小距离方法进行特征点的匹配.利用实际的航空影像进行实验,与SIFT方法、SVD-LLE方法进行综合分析,结果表明本文方法在匹配性能方面具有明显的优越性,并且能够同时获得多幅影像之间的匹配关系.%This paper proposes a matching method about aerial images of surveying based on manifold learning.Based on manifold learning,and by using the differencies of spatial structures among feature points in one image and similarities among feature points in different images,this method mapping all feature points in a same space,then matching them in min distance classification.By using actual aerial images of surveying,comprehensive analysis and SIFT method,SVD-LLE method,the results of experiment show that this method not only has obvious advantages in matching performance,but also can obtain the matching relationship between multiple images.

  12. Habitus Profissional, Currículo Oculto e Cultura Docente: Perspectivas para a Análise da Prática Pedagógica dos Professores de Educação Física Professional habitus, hidden syllabus and teacher culture: perspectives in the analysis of pedagogical practices of physical education teachers Habitus profesional, currículum oculto y cultura docente: perspectivas para el análisis de la práctica pedagógica de los professores de educación física

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente ensaio pretende articular conceitos de habitus profissional, currículo oculto e cultura docente, como instrumentos de análise das práticas pedagógicas dos professores de educação física. Ao conceber a prática pedagógica como resultado de um contexto e de um habitus profissional, o texto discute a produção de um currículo oculto a partir da prática docente, considerando que o currículo oculto pode ser fruto das relações interpessoais, das normas escolares e dos conteúdos de uma disciplina/componente curricular. O ensaio mostra, ainda, como o fenômeno da intensificação reforça as rotinas dos professores e dificulta a reflexão a partir da prática. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: prática pedagógica – habitus profissional – currículo oculto This paper intends to articulate the concepts of professional habitus, hidden syllabus, and teacher culture as instruments for the analysis of pedagogical practices among physical education teachers. By conceiving pedagogical practice as a product of a context and of a professional habitus, this text discusses the production of a hidden syllabus that originates from teacher practices, considering that such a hidden syllabus can be the result of interpersonal relationships, school regulations and of the contents of a school subject or syllabus component. This paper also shows how the phenomenon of intensification reinforces teacher routines and hinders reflection derived from practice. KEYWORDS: pedagogical practice – professional habitus – hidden syllabus El presente ensayo pretende articular conceptos de habitus profesional, currículo oculto y cultura docente como instrumentos de análisis de las prácticas pedagógicas de los profesores de educación física. Al concebir la práctica pedagógica como resultado de un contexto y de un habitus profesional, el texto discute la producción de un currículo oculto a partir de la práctica docente, considerando que el currículo oculto

  13. Ethics in Health Care. Syllabus #1006.2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fullen, Jim; Coverdale, Edna

    A 12-week course in health care ethics offered by Central Ohio Technical College is described. Following a list of objectives, a week by week outline charts the following topics covered in the course: ethics in health, an introduction to ethics, utilitarianism and egoism (goal-based ethical theories), divine command and social law (duty-based…

  14. Physics in the model for a eurobachelor syllabus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jens Enevold Thaulov

    According to the decision of the 34th DAC meeting in Thessalonica, Eurocurriculum II is fully based on the Chemistry Eurobachelor model. 5 credit points (CP’s) is allocated to physics requirements for the degree of the European Chemical Thematic Network (ECTN) Chemistry Eurobachelor. Physics...... is introduced as a basic module of introductory courses. The proposed workload factors correspond to those of chemistry, which amounts to 3 for lectures, 2 for seminars and 1 for practices. By taking into account a workload of 25 hours per credit, the number of credits and the workload factors, the total number...... of contact (teaching) hours amounts to 75. These hours are devoted to fundamentals of physics that enables the student to understand the principles of functionality of laboratory equipment and allow the student to operate such instruments at the user level. Details of the contents comprise elements...

  15. Syllabus for a Documentation Course. FID Publication 533.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van der Brugghen, W.

    An outline is provided for study of the collection, storage, and retrieval of all kinds of print and nonprint information. Coverage includes descriptions of types of primary materials, print and nonprint information, bibliographic description and cataloging; indexes and abstracts; bibliographies; reference works; retrieval methods; reprography;…

  16. The historical aspects, principles and philosophy of endodontics: A syllabus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ghazinori

    1987-08-01

    Full Text Available The area of endodontics has expanded in recent years to include operations that formerly were not done. e.g hemisection, intentional or unintentional replantations and treatment of periodontally-endodontically involved teeth. However, treatment of pulpitis and infected root canals occupy the major part of endodontic practice. The radical treatment of pulpless teeth by extraction which was so prevalent a few decades ago has given away to conservative treatment and retention of such teeth. What was brought about this change? Essentially, it has been due to a gradual veering away from the focal infection theory, simplification of strategic pulpless teeth as abutments. Research studies that indicated the pulpless tooth were either bacteriologic or roentgenologic in most of them the method of study was erroneous and unscientific. Roentgenologic studies condemned the pulpless tooth even more than the bacteriologic studies.It remained for an Englishman, E.W.Fish, to clarify the dark points of endodontic treatments by his experiments. he cauterized the gingiva and gingival sulcuses of extracted teeth and proved that contamination of root surfaces was due to above sources.Fish carried out an even more important experiment by establishing foci of infection in the jaws of guinia pigs and found four distinct areas around the focus of infection. These areas are called as zone of infection, zone of contamination, zone of irritation and zone of stimulation, with their special characteristics.From an endodontic stand point this study has considerable significance, as it explains both the disease process occurring in bone and repair following endodntic treatment. The focus of infection is always in the root canal. The periapical tissue is essentially strile except for occasional inroads, despite this focus. As the microorganisms grow out of the root canal and into the periapical tissue they are destroyed by the polymorphonuclear  leucocytes. In such cases where the microorganism overcomes the polymorphonuclear cells, an acute abcess is formed. In most cases however, the reverse is true, the microorganisms entering the bone are destroyed and a chronic abcess developes. Where defence is adequate and periapical bone will be destroyed but a wall of fibrous tissue develops and the lesion is called a granuloma. In some cases the epithelial cell rests in the periodontal membrane are stimulated from a cyst.

  17. AN INTRODUCTION TO ASTROMETRY AND CELESTIAL MECHANICS: A PROPOSED SYLLABUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William van Altena

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Si hemos de aprovechar la astrometría con precisión de micro segundos de arco que nos ofrecerán las nuevas técnicas de observación, debemos reformular nuestros estudios sobre sistemas de referencia y ecuaciones de movimiento en el contexto de la relatividad especial y general. También debemos desarrollar métodos más avanzados para el análisis estadístico de los datos y para la calibración de los instrumentos. En consecuencia, tenemos que revisar drásticamente los planes de estudio para adecuarlos a las necesidades de los estudiantes del siglo 21. Para ello, hemos desarrollado el programa de estudios para un curso introductorio de un semestre en Astrometría y Mecánica Celeste. El curso proporciona una introducción moderna y amplia a casi todos los temas de nuestro campo, y forma una base de conocimientos a partir de la cual el estudiante podrá elegir áreas para el estudio individual o para seguir cursos avanzados en centros especializados.

  18. Physics in the model for a eurobachelor syllabus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jens Enevold Thaulov

    According to the decision of the 34th DAC meeting in Thessalonica, Eurocurriculum II is fully based on the Chemistry Eurobachelor model. 5 credit points (CP’s) is allocated to physics requirements for the degree of the European Chemical Thematic Network (ECTN) Chemistry Eurobachelor. Physics...... is introduced as a basic module of introductory courses. The proposed workload factors correspond to those of chemistry, which amounts to 3 for lectures, 2 for seminars and 1 for practices. By taking into account a workload of 25 hours per credit, the number of credits and the workload factors, the total number...... of contact (teaching) hours amounts to 75. These hours are devoted to fundamentals of physics that enables the student to understand the principles of functionality of laboratory equipment and allow the student to operate such instruments at the user level. Details of the contents comprise elements...

  19. Teaching Strategies for Primary Health Care. A Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durana, Ines

    This book is intended to assist teachers, practitioners, and administrators to develop programs for training nonphysician, primary health care workers in Third World countries. It contains the instructional context of a comprehensive training program, organized into chapters and presented in outline form. Learning strategies follow each section of…

  20. Designing a Topic-Based Syllabus for Young Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourke, James M.

    2006-01-01

    In recent years there has been a good deal of debate on the teaching of English to young learners. Although the article looks at the teaching of English to lower primary children in an ESL context in Southeast Asia, it is not specific to one region. The young learners in question are aged 6 to 8 years. The main focus of the article is how best to…

  1. Educating for social responsibility: changing the syllabus of developmental biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Scott F; Fausto-Sterling, Anne

    2003-01-01

    Developmental biology is deeply embedded in the social issues of our times. Such topics as cloning, stems cells, reproductive technologies, sex selection, environmental hormone mimics and gene therapy all converge on developmental biology. It is therefore critical that developmental biologists learn about the possible social consequences of their work and of the possible molding of their discipline by social forces. We present two models for integrating social issues into the developmental biology curriculum. One model seeks to place discussions of social issues into the laboratory portion of the curriculum; the other model seeks to restructure the course, such that developmental biology and its social contexts are synthesized directly.

  2. Creating a Geodesign syllabus for Landscape Architecture in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stysiak, Aleksander Andrzej; Nielsen, Søren Zebitz; Hare, Richard;

    2016-01-01

    Geodesign provides a conceptual framework through which to understand relationships between geoscience and design. This article takes its point of departure from the merger of the Departments of Geography and Geology and Forest, Landscape and Planning at the University of Copenhagen, and the subs...

  3. Setting a new syllabus: environmental health science in the classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Valerie J

    2004-10-01

    Environmental health is a subject that has only relatively recently become prominent in the social consciousness. Even as its significance becomes known, finding ways to integrate the subject into education for primary and secondary students is difficult because of federal testing requirements under the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and other demands placed on teachers. A number of efforts are under way, however, to provide teachers with resources to help them bring environment health into their classrooms.

  4. A training syllabus for radiation protection in dental radiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, A; Dowling, A; Renehan, J; Clarke, D; Malone, J F

    2008-01-01

    The EU Council Directive 97/43/EURATOM (MED) states that Member States shall ensure that adequate theoretical and practical training is provided for dental practitioners working with ionising radiation; this also includes the provision of continuing education and training programmes, post-qualification. The area of dental radiology is specifically mentioned in this legally binding document. The Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, St James's Hospital, Dublin, is particularly interested in the area of radiation protection training and routinely provides educational courses both at national and international levels. A recent review of their dental radiation protection course was undertaken in conjunction with a number of Principal Dental Surgeons within the Health Service Executive in Ireland. The revised course was delivered to over 200 dental staff members at two separate meetings during 2006. The response from attendees was very positive. It is proposed to extend this course to other dental professionals, working both in the Irish private and public health sectors in the future.

  5. Effect of Syllabus Tone: Students' Perceptions of Instructor and Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harnish, Richard J.; Bridges, K. Robert

    2011-01-01

    It is not uncommon for students to complain that faculty are unapproachable, while faculty complain that students are not engaged. Such perceptions, especially when formed at the start of a semester, can impact what students learn and how instructors teach; therefore, it is critical that these perceptions are prevented if a course is to be…

  6. Syllabus for Weizmann Course: Earth System Science 101

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiscombe, Warren J.

    2011-01-01

    This course aims for an understanding of Earth System Science and the interconnection of its various "spheres" (atmosphere, hydrosphere, etc.) by adopting the view that "the microcosm mirrors the macrocosm". We shall study a small set of microcosims, each residing primarily in one sphere, but substantially involving at least one other sphere, in order to illustrate the kinds of coupling that can occur and gain a greater appreciation of the complexity of even the smallest Earth System Science phenomenon.

  7. Interpretative Communities in Conflict: A Master Syllabus for Political Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Craig Allen

    1992-01-01

    Advocates the interpretive communities approach to teaching political communication. Discusses philosophical issues in the teaching of political communication courses, and pedagogical techniques (including concepts versus cases, clustering examples, C-SPAN video examples, and simulations and games). (SR)

  8. Teaching and Learning Pharmaceutical Code of Ethics as a Syllabus

    OpenAIRE

    A Shafiee; H.Farsam

    2008-01-01

    "nPharmacy, being a profession which its activities are directly related to the health and wellbeing of the people and soci­ety has been described an ethical profession from earliest time. In the recent decades there has been a shift in the phar­macist role from dispensing to relationship with patients and health care providers and interfere the therapeutic process. Other branches of pharmacy such as producers, distributors and etc. will certainly have the same responsibi...

  9. Section I: Basic Electricity. Syllabus in Trade Electricity-Electronics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Occupational and Career Curriculum Development.

    This section describes the first of a three part curriculum in trade electricity-electronics (each part is described in a separate volume). It presents a unit of 6 to 10 weeks duration which develops only those competencies necessary to all electricity or electronics employment. A flow chart indicates how an individual student's program can be…

  10. Three Approaches to Task-Based Syllabus Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Michael H.; Crookes, Graham

    1992-01-01

    A variety of units (e.g., word, structure, notion, function, and situation) are used in synthetic syllabi, but task has recently appeared as the unit of analysis in three primarily analytic, Type B alternatives: procedural, process, and task syllabi. Descriptions and limitations of each are presented. (138 references) (Author/LB)

  11. Designing a Topic-Based Syllabus for Young Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourke, James M.

    2006-01-01

    In recent years there has been a good deal of debate on the teaching of English to young learners. Although the article looks at the teaching of English to lower primary children in an ESL context in Southeast Asia, it is not specific to one region. The young learners in question are aged 6 to 8 years. The main focus of the article is how best to…

  12. Introductory general course in the physical sciences syllabus

    CERN Document Server

    1940-01-01

    Mathematical introduction : arithmetic and algebra ; geometry, trigonometry, and analytic geometry ; calculus ; matter and force ; the Earth as an astronomical body ; the celestial sphere and measurement of time ; Moon and eclipses ; the solar system and celestial mechanics ; energy and work ; heat and the kinetic molecular theory ; the atomic constitution of matter ; electricity and magnetism ; electrical nature of matter ; wave motion and light ; electromagnetic waves ; spectra ; astronomical spectroscopy : astrophysics ; properties of more important elements ; oxidation and reduction ; reaction velocity and chemical equilibrium ; ionogens : acids, bases, salts ; atomic structure and chemical behavior ; electromotive series of the elements ; carbon and its compounds ; silicon and the structure of rocks ; Earth materials and processes ; gradation ; geologic work of the ocean : the sedimentary rocks ; diastrophism and earthquakes ; volcanism, the deep-seated rocks, and the rock cycle ; principles of Earth his...

  13. Values and Ethics in Science and Technology. Course Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barus, Carl; Springborg, Patricia

    1981-01-01

    Describes a 16-week engineering and philosophy course which focuses on topics such as attitudes toward technology, values and ethics, ethical dilemmas for scientists and engineers, technological growth, and policy formation. Lists weekly topics, required and recommended readings, and topics for student papers. (DC)

  14. Ethics in Health Care. Syllabus #1006.2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fullen, Jim; Coverdale, Edna

    A 12-week course in health care ethics offered by Central Ohio Technical College is described. Following a list of objectives, a week by week outline charts the following topics covered in the course: ethics in health, an introduction to ethics, utilitarianism and egoism (goal-based ethical theories), divine command and social law (duty-based…

  15. Implementing an Executive-Function Syllabus: Operational Issues

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Russell Jay Hendel

    2016-01-01

    A recent approach to pedagogic challenge, contrastive to the hierarchy approach of Bloom, Anderson, Gagne, Van Hiele, Marzano, Webb and many others, identifies pedagogic challenge with executive function...

  16. A training syllabus for radiation protection in dental radiology.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Gallagher, A

    2008-01-01

    The EU Council Directive 97\\/43\\/EURATOM (MED) states that Member States shall ensure that adequate theoretical and practical training is provided for dental practitioners working with ionising radiation; this also includes the provision of continuing education and training programmes, post-qualification. The area of dental radiology is specifically mentioned in this legally binding document. The Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, St James\\'s Hospital, Dublin, is particularly interested in the area of radiation protection training and routinely provides educational courses both at national and international levels. A recent review of their dental radiation protection course was undertaken in conjunction with a number of Principal Dental Surgeons within the Health Service Executive in Ireland. The revised course was delivered to over 200 dental staff members at two separate meetings during 2006. The response from attendees was very positive. It is proposed to extend this course to other dental professionals, working both in the Irish private and public health sectors in the future.

  17. About Ontology Application to the Description of Syllabus

    OpenAIRE

    Eremin, Evgeny

    2008-01-01

    Publication describes the experience in application of ontology technique to structuring of educational materials. Several topics of physics were formalized by means of Protégé software tool. Some principal problems in building of knowledge structure were found, so the discussion may interest not only ontology users, but also the developers of ontology tools.

  18. Negotiating the Syllabus: A Win-Win Situation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDevitt, Barbara

    2004-01-01

    This article examines some of the issues that arise when two disparate cultures of learning engage with each other. It draws on various theories of language pedagogy and cultural appropriacy to suggest how such issues might be resolved. A snapshot of a specific teaching experience at a Gulf university is presented to illustrate some of these…

  19. Assessing Mobile Phone Access and Perceptions for Texting-Based mHealth Interventions Among Expectant Mothers and Child Caregivers in Remote Regions of Northern Kenya: A Survey-Based Descriptive Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmichael, Jason-Louis; Hapanna, Galgallo Waqo; Wangoo, Patrick Gikaria; Karanja, Sarah; Wanyama, Denis; Muhula, Samuel Opondo; Kyomuhangi, Lennie Bazira; Loolpapit, Mores; Wangalwa, Gilbert Bwire; Kinagwi, Koki; Lester, Richard Todd

    2017-01-01

    Background With a dramatic increase in mobile phone use in low- and middle-income countries, mobile health (mHealth) has great potential to connect health care services directly to participants enrolled and improve engagement of care. Rural and remote global settings may pose both significant challenges and opportunities. Objective The objective of our study was to understand the demographics, phone usage and ownership characteristics, and feasibility among patients in rural and remote areas of Kenya of having text messaging (short messaging service, SMS)-based mHealth intervention for improvements in antenatal care attendance and routine immunization among children in Northern Kenya. Methods A survey-based descriptive study was conducted between October 2014 and February 2015 at 8 health facilities in Northern Kenya as part of a program to scale up an mHealth service in rural and remote regions. The study was conducted at 6 government health facilities in Isiolo, Marsabit, and Samburu counties in remote and northern arid lands (NAL). Two less remote health facilities in Laikipia and Meru counties in more populated central highlands were included as comparison sites. Results A total of 284 participants were surveyed; 63.4% (180/284) were from NAL clinics, whereas 36.6% (104/284) were from adjacent central highland clinics. In the NAL, almost half (48.8%, 88/180) reported no formal education and 24.4% (44/180) self-identified as nomads. The majority of participants from both regions had access to mobile phone: 99.0% (103/104) of participants from central highlands and 82.1% (147/180) of participants from NAL. Among those who had access to a phone, there were significant differences in network challenges and technology literacy between the 2 regions. However, there was no significant difference in the proportion of participants from NAL and central highlands who indicated that they would like to receive a weekly SMS text message from their health care provider (90

  20. Assessing Mobile Phone Access and Perceptions for Texting-Based mHealth Interventions Among Expectant Mothers and Child Caregivers in Remote Regions of Northern Kenya: A Survey-Based Descriptive Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazi, Abdul Momin; Carmichael, Jason-Louis; Hapanna, Galgallo Waqo; Wangoo, Patrick Gikaria; Karanja, Sarah; Wanyama, Denis; Muhula, Samuel Opondo; Kyomuhangi, Lennie Bazira; Loolpapit, Mores; Wangalwa, Gilbert Bwire; Kinagwi, Koki; Lester, Richard Todd

    2017-01-30

    With a dramatic increase in mobile phone use in low- and middle-income countries, mobile health (mHealth) has great potential to connect health care services directly to participants enrolled and improve engagement of care. Rural and remote global settings may pose both significant challenges and opportunities. The objective of our study was to understand the demographics, phone usage and ownership characteristics, and feasibility among patients in rural and remote areas of Kenya of having text messaging (short messaging service, SMS)-based mHealth intervention for improvements in antenatal care attendance and routine immunization among children in Northern Kenya. A survey-based descriptive study was conducted between October 2014 and February 2015 at 8 health facilities in Northern Kenya as part of a program to scale up an mHealth service in rural and remote regions. The study was conducted at 6 government health facilities in Isiolo, Marsabit, and Samburu counties in remote and northern arid lands (NAL). Two less remote health facilities in Laikipia and Meru counties in more populated central highlands were included as comparison sites. A total of 284 participants were surveyed; 63.4% (180/284) were from NAL clinics, whereas 36.6% (104/284) were from adjacent central highland clinics. In the NAL, almost half (48.8%, 88/180) reported no formal education and 24.4% (44/180) self-identified as nomads. The majority of participants from both regions had access to mobile phone: 99.0% (103/104) of participants from central highlands and 82.1% (147/180) of participants from NAL. Among those who had access to a phone, there were significant differences in network challenges and technology literacy between the 2 regions. However, there was no significant difference in the proportion of participants from NAL and central highlands who indicated that they would like to receive a weekly SMS text message from their health care provider (90.0% vs 95.0%; P=.52). Overall, 92

  1. Innovation and business performance - a provisional multi-regional analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Roper, Stephen; Smallbone, David; Vickers, Ian; North, David; Hewitt-Dundas, Nola

    2002-01-01

    Although much attention has focussed on the determinants of firms' innovation performance, the relationship between innovation and business performance is less well defined. In this paper we use data from identical plant level surveys conducted in six regions of the UK, Germany and Ireland to examine this relationship and identify some of the implications for regional innovation initiatives. The survey data used was collected by postal survey during 1999 and 2000. In all over 2000 plants resp...

  2. Incisor reduction: a provisional aesthetic technique for traumatised teeth.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Darby, L J

    2010-12-11

    Patients in the mixed dentition who have suffered severe extrusion or avulsion injuries often present with difficult treatment decisions, especially when the initial emergency care has been compromised. Here we describe a well-tolerated, aesthetically acceptable and conservative method for treating such patients until a definitive treatment plan is possible.

  3. A Provisional Study of ADS Within Turkic Accelerator Complex Project

    CERN Document Server

    Arik, M; Caliskan, A; Cetiner, M A; Sultansoy, S

    2012-01-01

    The Turkic Accelerator Complex (TAC) project has been developed with the support of the Turkish State Planning Organization by the collaboration of 10 Turkish universities. The complex is planned to have four main facilities, namely: SASE FEL Facility Based on 1 GeV Electron Linac, Third Generation Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SR) Based on 3.56 GeV Positron Synchrotron, Super-Charm Factory ($\\sqrt{s} = 3.77$ GeV) by colliding the electron beam coming from the linac with an energy of 1 GeV and positron beam coming through the positron ring with an energy of 3.56 GeV, GeV scale proton accelerator. Later has two-fold goal: Neutron Spallation Source (NSS) and ADS. The proton accelerator construction will have 3 MeV, 100 MeV, and 1 GeV phases. The technical design report is planned to be finished in 2013. Since Turkey has essential Thorium reserves the ADS becomes very attractive for our country as emerging energy technology.

  4. A provisional annotated list of the Lepidoptera of Honduras

    Science.gov (United States)

    A biodiversity inventory of the Lepidoptera of Pico Bonito National Park and vicinity, in the Department of Atlantida of northern Honduras, has been initiated and will be conducted to obtain baseline data. We present a revised checklist of Honduran butterfly species (updated from the initial 1967 l...

  5. Provisional PDF Published 29 April 2010 Research, Volume 5, issue ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cqq1a

    2010-04-29

    Apr 29, 2010 ... them claimed to be able to cure HIV using native remedies. ... of improved nutrition during pregnancy; supervision of directly observed treatment of ..... traditional birth attendants and herbal practitioners in Lagos State, Nigeria.

  6. Occupying Iraq: A History of the Coalition Provisional Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    quipped in frustration that the Pentagon was trying to make Iraqi forces into bionic men, after a U.S. television series of the 1970s whose motto...Authority, “Summary: Bomb-Making Tips , Mukhabarat Habits, Views from the Street,” July 15, 2003. 152 Email from Paul Bremer to Jaymie Durnan, “Subject...One response adopted by CPA officials was to feed sympathetic information to tip the balance of media reporting toward more favorable coverage

  7. Provisional Thoughts on Limitations to the Right to Procreate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JA (Robbie Robinson

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The constantly increasing human population results in severe ecological, psychological, political, economic and sociological ramifications. These negative implications raise the question whether the constitutionally entrenched right to make decisions concerning reproduction may be limited, as the continued existence of the State may ultimately be jeopardised if the population is not kept "[d]own to the means of subsistence". An analysis of relevant constitutional provisions shows that in essence it is the "inner sanctum" of the individual which is shielded from erosion by conflicting rights of the community, and that the outward manifestation of the right (procreation may indeed be limited. However, the so-called Chinese experience shows that negative measures have the desired results but also had a severe non-intended impact on the social and economic situation in China. It is suggested, therefore, that positive measures (eg proper education and social provision be considered to limit population growth.

  8. PREVALENCE OF HYPOTHYROIDISM IN PATIENTS WITH PROVISIONAL DIAGNOSIS OF DUB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talasila

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available : OBJECTIVE: DUB accounts for 10% of all the gynecology related problems. This study is conducted to evaluate and detect the thyroid dysfunction in patients with dysfunctional uterine bleeding in all age groups especially in menorrhagic patients and to refer positive cases to the physician for the further management of thyroid disorder. METHODS: This prospective study consisted of 100 women who presented with menorrhagia to the out-patient department of OBG at Sri Adichunchunagiri Hospital And Research Centre, B. G. Nagar, Mandya district, which is a tertiary level hospital, over a period of two years from September 2010 to September 2012.These patients were categorized as euthyroid, subclinical hypothyroid, hypothyroid or hyperthyroid based on thyroid profile. RESULTS: In the study conducted, 11% were detected with thyroid disorders of which subclinical hypothyroidism was most prevalent (8%, 2% had hypothyroidism and 1% had hyperthyroidism. CONCLUSION: There is a high prevalence of thyroid disorders in cases clinically diagnosed as DUB. In our study 11% of the patients detected with thyroid disorder were treated medically which was more accurate and cost effective. Hence the biochemical evaluation of T3, T4, TSH is extremely important, valuable and should be made mandatory in cases of DUB to detect thyroid dysfunction thereby avoiding unnecessary surgery

  9. Provisional PDF Published 25 may 2010 Research, Volume 5, Issue ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2010-05-25

    May 25, 2010 ... therapy in clinical pediatric cases: health implication of urine therapy ... behavioral practices in medicine and health but some of the traditional healing ... used human urine in serious cases of ill-health such as wound sores,.

  10. Afterword: Provisional Pedagogies toward Imagining Global Mobilities Otherwise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Sharon; de Oliveira Andreotti, Vanessa

    2017-01-01

    In this afterword we bring insights from the special issue into conversation with the ongoing educational challenges of imagining the world differently. To do so, we consider how global mobilities are conceptualized and materialized within three "pillars" of the architecture of modern existence: the nation-state, global capital, and…

  11. Provisional list of revisors of Flora Malesiana Families

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1947-01-01

    The following families are already revised and will be included in Flora Malesiana vol. 4, part 1 which is made ready for the press: Aceraceae, Actinidiaceae s.str., Alangiaceae, Ancistrocladaceae Aponogetonaceae, Burmanniaceae, Geratophyllaceae, Cochlospermaceae, Hydrocaryaceae, Juncaginaceae, Mori

  12. Glossary of terms used in extraction (IUPAC Provisional Recommendations 2016)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poole, Colin; Mester, Zoltan; Miro, Manuel

    2016-01-01

    in analytical extraction are presented. Exhaustive, microextraction, elevated temperature, microwave- and ultrasound-assisted, parallel batch, flow through systems, and membrane extraction approaches are discussed. An associated tutorial titled “Extraction” provides a detailed introduction to the topic....

  13. Hiring Practices Used to Staff the Iraqi Provisional Authorities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-16

    when the Soectal Assisrant 10 rhe Secretarv o(De&nse (or PublicA @rrs asked hrm to assrst rn tdentifYmg candidates for ~em or adwsor post ttons as...intemational programs and as director of techno logy and business dcvelopmenl Hud a bachdor·s degree in marine eugineering and a master’s in politica l

  14. Successful treatment of provisional cutaneous mastocytosis with interferon alpha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Rosario

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Mastocytosis is a disorder characterized by the clonal proliferation of mast cells and their accumulation in skin, bone marrow, liver, and spleen. Cutaneous mastocytosis presents in children in over 90% of the cases and any cutaneous manifestation in an adult is the earliest sign of the systemic disease. A 45-year-old patient presented with itchy dark lesions over the body since childhood and Darier's sign was positive. Skin biopsy showed features of mastocytosis and immunohistochemistry was positive for CD34. Since the patient was refractory to treatment with antihistamines and psoralen-ultraviolet A therapy, injections of interferon alpha were given – 3 million IU twice weekly subcutaneously as they have been proven to improve constitutional symptoms. Very few reports of successful treatment of cutaneous mastocytosis using interferon alpha have been published.

  15. Beyond the Provisional Nature: Towards a Radical Concept of Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Verzelloni

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Practice is one of the key concepts of our time. During the last 30 years, the Practice-Based Studies have spread all over the world. The “rediscovery” of practice has inspired many reflections and empirical researches, contributing to the recent development of the organizational and management studies. This article aims, on the one hand, to reconstruct the debate around the concept of practice and, on the other hand, discuss its meaning, as defined within the PBS. In this paper, it will be argued that practice should be conceived as a “radical concept”. This idea, coming from the political science, is the key to explore new universes of meaning and to read and compare the practitioners' activities, the functioning of organizations and the collective learning processes. The paper will introduce the phenomenon of the so-called Observatories of Civil Justice. These interprofessional communities represent a unique window on the Italian judicial system. This case study enables to critically analyse the concept of practice and to highlight its subtypes: experimental practice, solipsistic practice, diffused practice, concerted practice, fixed practice, institutionalized practice.

  16. Provisional PDF Published 19 April 2010 The phenomenology of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cqq1a

    2010-04-19

    Apr 19, 2010 ... This study aims to estimate the prevalence, severity, .... pregnancies, amenorrhea and significant pelvic pain secondary to a .... The frequency of somatic symptoms were abdominal bloating (75.3) breast ..... Shershah S, Morrison JJ, Jafarey S. Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome in Pakistani women.

  17. Antibiotics prescription practices for provisional malaria cases in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    adherence, under dosing, counterfeit products and irrational use of the drugs in human and ... common due to congestion of patients in health care facilities accompanied with a ... professional, infrastructural, social or personal it remains to be explored. ..... use: the irrationality of pharmaceuticals in the developing world.

  18. Provisional geological map of the Southern Cantabrian Mountains (Spain)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boschma, D.

    1969-01-01

    The area is mainly covered by Carboniferous sediments. Only two Devonian structures are present. The Devonian yielded sufficient fossils from Eifelian up to Famennian but in the Carboniferous fossils are scarce. Permian and Triassic cover the area unconformably in the east. In the Carboniferous seve

  19. Provisional PDF Published 14 March 2010 Case report, Volume 4 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cqq1a

    2010-03-14

    Mar 14, 2010 ... These causes include malignant process, lipomas and polyps as well ... in recent years [2,3] primary intestinal lymphomas are not well characterized, and standardized ... combined with the monoclonal antibody rituximab was ...

  20. Problemática contable de las provisiones para impuestos

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez García, Ferran

    2014-01-01

    Como sabemos la contabilidad es una disciplina económica, motivo por el cual las valoraciones realizadas en su ámbito precisan de un cierto grado de homogeneización convencional proporcionada ésta, de manera significativa, por el denominado marco conceptual de la contabilidad (MCC) que ha adquirido un amplio consenso internacional en las últimas décadas, como punto de referencia. Dicho marco conceptual recoge toda una serie de principios y criterios fundamentales y básicos para un adecuado tr...

  1. Population and Family Education Teaching Materials: A Bibliography (Provisional).

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania.

    This annotated bibliography of population education teaching materials was prepared from documents available in the Population Education Clearninghouse collection of the UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Asia. Most of the materials were published in the 1970's, with the exception of a few which date from the 1960's. In addition to full…

  2. A Provisional Framework for Studying Information Connectivity in Food Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Engelseth, Per; Karlsen, Anniken

    2008-01-01

    Through a discussion of peculiarities of food supply, involving focus on information connectivity, a preliminary framework is sought that underlines joint responsibility in a complete supply chain of actors working in network context to achieve safe, quality and economic provision of products to end-use.

  3. Nosologia das doenças da mão de crianças e jovens operados em mutirões realizados em hospital de referência no estado de pernambuco Nosology of hand diseases in children and adolescents operated in provisional facilities in a model hospital - pernambuco state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauri Cortez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Relatar a frequência das doenças congênitas da mão operadas em sistema de mutirão no SOS Mão de Recife entre 2005 e 2009. MÉTODOS: Foram coletadas as informações de 833 crianças e adolescentes examinados em oito missões. RESULTADOS: Entre os pacientes, 306 (36,7% foram operados; 240 (78,4% por malformações congênitas e 66 (21,6% por lesões adquiridas. As malformações congênitas mais frequentes foram: sindactilia, 72 (30,0% casos; polidactilia, 30 (12,5% casos; polegar bífido, 19 (7,9% casos; malformação complexa da mão, 14 (5,8% casos; mão em fenda, 13 (5,4% casos; dedo em gatilho, 12 (5,0% casos; camptodactilia, 11 (4,6% casos; e braquisindactilia, nove (3,7% casos. As lesões adquiridas mais frequentes foram: lesões por trauma obstétrico, 26 (39,4% casos; sequela de trauma de mão, 18 (27,3% casos; sequela de paralisia cerebral, sete (10,6% casos; sequela de choque elétrico, cinco (7,6% casos; e sequela de queimadura, quatro (6,1% casos. CONCLUSÃO: A nosologia das doenças de mão é similar a de grandes séries de cirurgias eletivas, particularmente no que diz respeito às deformidades congênitas. As frequências das lesões adquiridas parecem ser mais altas do que as das séries internacionais. O sistema de mutirão de cirurgia de mão é importante para diminuir a carência dessa atividade em instituições públicas e tem se mostrado muito eficiente. O êxito do projeto pode oferecer subsídio para o Sistema Único de Saúde admitir cirurgiões da mão em sistema de plantão ou sobreaviso nas unidades de emergência.OBJECTIVE: To report the frequencies of congenital hand diseases in patients who underwent surgery in a provisional clinic as part of the Hand of Recife SOS- Recife, Pernambuco, from 2005 to 2009. METHODS: The information was collected from 833 children and adolescents cared for in eight missions. RESULTS: Among the patients, 306 (36.7% underwent surgery; 240 (78.4% for congenital

  4. 单个上前牙即刻种植即刻非功能修复的临床疗效观察%The clinic effect of immediate single-tooth implants and non-functional provisional crowns in the anterior maxilla

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗智斌; 曾融生; 罗志宾; 林丽婷; 徐佳丽

    2009-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of the restoration of a single upper missing tooth with immediate implant placement and non-functional prosthesis in the aesthetic area. Methods Seven consecutive patients with un-savable single teeth in the aesthetic zone were included. Teeth were extracted and replaced with immediate implant and non-functional provisional crowns. Suitable permanent abutments were chosen and porcelain-fused-metal or all-ceramic restorations were made on the abutments after 6 months. Patients were followed up 1 year after crown insertion. The marginal bone level around the implant and Pink Esthetic Score (PES) value immediately after crown insertion and 1 year later were measured for comparison. Results The success rate of implant was 100%, mesial and distal peri-implant bone changes were (0.79 ± 0.48)mm and (0.71 ± 0.46)mm respectively. The average PES value was (8.6 ± 1.3) and (11.1 ± 1.8), respectively. Significant difference was found by Walcoxon analysis (P=0.027). Conclusions For strictly selected cases, single-tooth immediate implant and immediate non-functional prosthetsis is an effective method. Good appearance can be achieved and the esthetics of peri-implant soft tissue can be improved over time.%目的 探讨美学区单个上前牙即刻种植即刻非功能修复临床疗效.方法 7例上颌单个无法保留患牙,拔除后即刻植入种植体,当日制作并戴入临时树脂冠,6个月后复诊取模,选择合适基台制作永久金属烤瓷或全瓷修复体,最终修复体戴入后1年复诊,比较刚戴入修复体与1年后随诊时种植体周骨组织水平以及红色美学指数(PES)的变化情况.结果 种植体成功率为100%,种植体近、远中周牙槽骨变化分别为(0.79 ± 0.48)mm、(0.71 ± 0.46)mm;刚戴入修复体与1年后随诊时PES值分别为(8.6 ± 1.3)和(11.1 ± 1.8),Walcoxon统计学分析,两者差异有统计学意义(P=0.027).结论 在严格选择病例的情况下,单牙即

  5. Considerações Políticas sobre a Vedação Legal da Liberdade Provisória: Tensões e Consensos no Julgamento do Habeas Corpus 104.339 e o Contexto da Lei 12.403/2011 / Political Considerations on the Legal Prohibition of the Provisional Freedom Benefit: Tensions and Consensus in the Trial of Habeas Corpus 104.339 and the Context of the Law 12.403/2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otávio Dias de Souza Ferreira

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Entre 1990 e 2006, o Congresso Nacional aprovou cinco Leis Federais dispondo sobre a vedação da concessão do benefício de liberdade provisória para acusados pela prática de diversas modalidades de delitos. Desde o início da vigência, cada um desses dispositivos legais encontrou resistências no Judiciário. Em 2011, foi sancionada uma nova regulação para as medidas cautelares penais, trazendo inovações nessa temática. O objeto central desta pesquisa é o julgamento de 10.05.2012, no Plenário do Supremo Tribunal Federal, do habeas corpus n. 104.339, sobre a constitucionalidade de dispositivo sobre a liberdade provisória da nova “Lei de Drogas”. Por se tratar da decisão paradigmática mais recente sobre tal celeuma, tendo ocorrido após a reforma processual da Lei 12.403/2011 e pela grande quantidade de pessoas privadas da liberdade acusadas por tais delitos, o estudo desse julgamento ganha relevância especial. Após a reconstituição histórica da celeuma e a consideração sobre os conteúdos jurídicos envolvidos, atenta-se sobretudo para a dimensão política da decisão da Corte, de modo a oferecer uma perspectiva institucional ampliada para a compreensão da temática.   Abstract: Between 1990 and 2006, the Congress approved five Federal Laws providing for the prohibition of the granting of the provisional freedom benefit to people accused of committing several criminal offenses. Since the effective date, each of these legal provisions found resistance in the judiciary. In 2011, a new regulation for criminal precautionary measures was introduced, bringing innovations in this area. The central object of this research is the judgment that happened in May 10, 2012, in the Plenum of the Federal Supreme Court, of habeas corpus no. 104,339, on the constitutionality of a provision on the provisional freedom benefit of the new "Drug Law". Since this is the most recent paradigmatic decision on this issue, having

  6. Poverty and vote buying: Survey-based evidence from Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Peter Sandholt; Justesen, Mogens K.

    2014-01-01

    Alongside the spread of democracy in the developing world, vote buying has emerged as an integral part of election campaigns. Yet, we know little about the causes of vote buying in young democracies. In this paper, we analyse the sources of vote buying in sub-Saharan African. Using data from...... the Afrobarometer, we focus on the impact of poverty on vote buying at the individual- and country-level. Results from multilevel regressions show that poor voters are significantly more likely to be targets of vote buying than wealthier voters. This effect increases when elections are highly competitive. Thus......, micro-level poverty seems to be an important source of vote buying in Africa and has major implications for the way electoral democracy operates....

  7. A Survey Based Study on Factors Effecting Communication in GSD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Ali Khan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Presently, most of software development companies are trying to globalize their work throughout the world in order to get the various benefits. The phenomenon of this software globalization is called Global Software Development (GSD. However, GSD is not a simple job and the software companies face various challenges. In GSD Communication is a main issue and it became more complicated during Requirements Change Management (RCM. This research will result to explore different factors that can negatively affect communication during the RCM process by conducting a survey in GSD industry. A framework is proposed for the factors effecting communication and total nine hypotheses are developed. A quantitative research method has been used to collect and analyse the data. The results show that total seven out of nine hypotheses are supported and two hypotheses are rejected.

  8. 1946 Dominican Republic Tsunami: Field Survey based on Eyewitness Interviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, Hermann M.; Martinez, Claudio; Salado, Juan; Rivera, Wagner; Duarte, Leoncio

    2017-04-01

    On 4 August 1946 an Mw 8.1 earthquake struck off the north-eastern shore of Hispaniola Island resulting in a destructive tsunami with order one hundred fatalities in the Dominican Republic and observed runup in Puerto Rico. In the far field, tsunami waves were recorded on some tide gauges on the Atlantic coast of the United States of America. The earthquake devastated the Dominican Republic, extended into Haiti, and shook many other islands. This was one of the strongest earthquakes reported in the Caribbean since colonial times. The immediate earthquake reconnaissance surveys focused on earthquake damage and were conducted in September 1946 (Lynch and Bodle, 1948; Small, 1948). The 1946 Dominican Republic tsunami eyewitness based field survey took place in three phases from 18 to 21 March 2014, 1 to 3 September 2014 and 9 to 11 May 2016. The International Tsunami Survey Team (ITST) covered more than 400 km of coastline along the northern Dominican Republic from the eastern most tip at Punta Cana to La Isabela some 70 km from the border with Haiti. The survey team documented tsunami runup, flow depth, inundation distances, sea-level drawdown, coastal erosion and co-seismic land level changes based on eyewitnesses interviewed on site using established protocols. The early afternoon earthquake resulted in detailed survival stories with excellent eyewitness observations recounted almost 70 years later with lucidity. The Dominican Republic survey data includes 29 runup and tsunami height measurements at 21 locations. The tsunami impacts peaked with maximum tsunami heights exceeding 5 m at a cluster of locations between Cabrera and El Limon. A maximum tsunami height of 8 m likely associated with splash up was measured in Playa Boca Nueva. Tsunami inundation distances of 600 m or more were measured at Las Terrenas and Playa Rincon on the Samana Peninsula. Some locations were surveyed twice in 2014 and 2016, which allowed to identify current coastal erosion rates. Field data points measured in 2014 and 2016 were corrected for predicted astronomical tide levels at the time of tsunami arrival in 1946 as there were no tide stations operating along the surveyed coastline in 1946. Individual tidal corrections applied to the raw field measurements were less than ± 0.5 m given the relatively small tidal range around Hispaniola Island. At least 10 significant tsunamis have been documented in the northern Caribbean since 1498, six of which are known to have resulted in loss of life (O'Loughlin and Lander, 2003). Rapid population increase in the Caribbean exposes more coastal residents and tourists to future tsunami events.

  9. HIV awareness in Pakistan:A survey-based study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AftabAhmad; SadiaAshraf; Abraisham Fatima; Aamina Shah; Samia Saleem; Sheharbano; AneelaYasmeen

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To know the awareness level of Pakistani population about AIDS. Methods: An online survey was conducted in Pakistan with the help of a questionnaire formulated by experts to record the awareness level of common people about HIV infection. The responses were collected and screened by the team of National Academy of Young Scientists, Pakistan. Results: Among the 580 participants of the survey, majorities were male, in the age group of 20–30 years and were living in urban areas. More than 80% of responders did not ever screen themselves for HIV and close to 40% were not aware that where to go for screening. Although, majority of the respondents knew about the nature of disease, they were not fully aware about different tests, treatment, duration of infection and vaccination. According to participants, television and internet were major source of information about AIDS and this disease can be prevented in Pakistan through public awareness. Conclusions: Since majority of the respondents were not fully aware about the disease and its mode of transmission, there should be print and electronic media campaigns as well as workshops and seminars to educate the common public. In addition, a national level prevalence study will be very helpful to know the exact prevalence of HIV in Pakistan and its major routes of transmission.

  10. Education in Nephrology Fellowship: A Survey-Based Needs Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rope, Robert W; Pivert, Kurtis A; Parker, Mark G; Sozio, Stephen M; Merell, Sylvia Bereknyei

    2017-07-01

    Educational needs assessments for nephrology fellowship training are limited. This study assessed fellows' perceptions of current educational needs and interest in novel modalities that may improve their educational experience and quantified educational resources used by programs and fellows. We distributed a seven-question electronic survey to all United States-based fellows receiving complimentary American Society of Nephrology (ASN) membership at the end of the 2015-2016 academic year in conjunction with the ASN Nephrology Fellows Survey. One third (320 of 863; 37%) of fellows in Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited positions responded. Most respondents rated overall quality of teaching in fellowship as either "good" (37%) or "excellent" (44%), and most (55%) second-year fellows felt "fully prepared" for independent practice. Common educational resources used by fellows included UpToDate, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology/Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, and Nephrology Self-Assessment Program; others-including ASN's online curricula-were used less often. Fellows indicated interest in additional instruction in several core topics, including home dialysis modalities, ultrasonography, and pathology. Respondents strongly supported interventions to improve pathology instruction and increase time for physiology and clinical review. In conclusion, current nephrology fellows perceive several gaps in training. Innovation in education and training is needed to better prepare future nephrologists for the growing challenges of kidney care. Copyright © 2017 by the American Society of Nephrology.

  11. The case for survey-based comparative measures of crime

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, Jan

    2015-01-01

    The author argues that statistics of police-recorded crimes have limited utility for cross-country analyses of crime, due to varying legal definitions, reporting patterns and recording practices. In his view stand alone national victimisation surveys, with their varying methodologies and questionnai

  12. Neural Representation. A Survey-Based Analysis of the Notion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilarroya, Oscar

    2017-01-01

    The word representation (as in "neural representation"), and many of its related terms, such as to represent, representational and the like, play a central explanatory role in neuroscience literature. For instance, in "place cell" literature, place cells are extensively associated with their role in "the representation of space." In spite of its extended use, we still lack a clear, universal and widely accepted view on what it means for a nervous system to represent something, on what makes a neural activity a representation, and on what is re-presented. The lack of a theoretical foundation and definition of the notion has not hindered actual research. My aim here is to identify how active scientists use the notion of neural representation, and eventually to list a set of criteria, based on actual use, that can help in distinguishing between genuine or non-genuine neural-representation candidates. In order to attain this objective, I present first the results of a survey of authors within two domains, place-cell and multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) research. Based on the authors' replies, and on a review of neuroscientific research, I outline a set of common properties that an account of neural representation seems to require. I then apply these properties to assess the use of the notion in two domains of the survey, place-cell and MVPA studies. I conclude by exploring a shift in the notion of representation suggested by recent literature.

  13. Testing the Efficiency of a CEF-Based Waystage (A2-Level) Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirezen, Mehmet; Bakla, Arif

    2007-01-01

    In the last few decades, the Language Policy Division of the Council of Europe restructured its efforts to help European citizens learn European languages for survival purposes to facilitate travel and work throughout Europe. With the idea of daily language use and plurilingual competence in mind, it published the Common European Framework of…

  14. Web Design Curriculum and Syllabus Based on Web Design Practice and Students' Prior Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krunic, Tanja; Ruzic-Dimitrijevic, Ljiljana; Petrovic, Branka; Farkas, Robert

    2006-01-01

    The Advanced Technical School from Novi Sad set up a completely new study group for web design in 2004. The main goals of the paper are to explain the steps that were taken in starting this group, and to present the educational program based on our own research through the organization of the group and course descriptions. Since there is a…

  15. Design and Configuration of a Medical Imaging Systems Computer Laboratory Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selver, M. Alper

    2016-01-01

    Medical imaging systems (MIS) constitute an important emergent subdiscipline of engineering studies. In the context of electrical and electronics engineering (EEE) education, MIS courses cover physics, instrumentation, data acquisition, image formation, modeling, and quality assessment of various modalities. Many well-structured MIS courses are…

  16. Fostering Autonomy through Syllabus Design: A Step-by-Step Guide for Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez Espinosa, Alexánder

    2016-01-01

    Promoting learner autonomy is relevant in the field of applied linguistics due to the multiple benefits it brings to the process of learning a new language. However, despite the vast array of research on how to foster autonomy in the language classroom, it is difficult to find step-by-step processes to design syllabi and curricula focused on the…

  17. Designing and Delivering an English for Hospitality Syllabus: A Taiwanese Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Shao-Wen

    2009-01-01

    The paper illustrates an English for Specific Purposes design for English listening and speaking for students in hospitality fields, accompanied by an educational inquiry into its implementation in a bid to hold accountability to the course takers. The subject was 82 juniors and seniors at a national hospitality college in Southern Taiwan.…

  18. El syllabus de Matemáticas en la icenciatura de ADE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Núñez del Prado, José Antonio

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer los temas de matemáticas que se imparten en lasdiferentes universidades españolas y algunas europeas. La finalidad principal es obtener unsyllabus común que permita una unificación de los contenidos de matemáticas en la licenciaturade Administración y Dirección de Empresas en las universidades españolas con vistas alEspacio Europeo de Educación Superior.La metodología empleada ha sido la obtención de la denominada medida objetiva deRasch que nos ha posibilitado conocer los temas instrumentales más estudiados en dichasuniversidades. Este estudio nos ha permitido revisar la temporización de dichos contenidos másacorde con los resultados obtenidos.

  19. For a new syllabus on literature teaching: principles, legislation and propositions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica Cristina Bispo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article consists of a proposition of methodogical reformulation for Literature teaching under analysis, profiting from the emphasis on the inclusion of Portuguese-Africans, African-Brazilians and Indigenous writers in OCNs (National Curricula Guidance in Brazil. Being so, we discuss the possibility of regarding Literature teaching materials beyond the traditional school-book standard and the attachment to literary schools chronology in an inflexible manner. Wherefore, we propose a thematic and comparative approach which does not exclude multi-centenary knowledge on Literature exactly but which also rethinks the degree of priority given to particular contents and competences. In this context, we intend to reflect upon the High-School student’s profile differently from the Language undergraduate’s profile, highlighting the High-School student’s lived expe­rience/literary text dichotomy, so as to promote Literacy, critical thinking and empowerment at schools by means of Literature teaching.---DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21881/abriluff.2016n17a374

  20. Information Literacy – Curriculum Integration with Medical School’s Syllabus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Marie Haraldstad

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available The medical students are the researchers and clinicians of the future, and becoming information literate is of utmost importance. In our library medical students is a user group of high priority, and in the following I will present the information literacy programme developed for this group, and some future plans.

  1. A Critical Review Of The CELTA Syllabus Within The Context Of Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulaimani Amjjad

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this paper is on the cultural aspects of the internationally, well-recognised and accepted international teacher training course known as Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults (CELTA, or rather, the lack of it. In what follows, we will first discuss the various aspects related to the importance of culture and its inclusion in the field of English Language Teaching (ELT. Next, we will discuss the main highlights of the CELTA course and its main components and present a practical suggestion for implementing a short ‘culture’ component that can be easily integrated into the course where it will increase cultural awareness amongst new teachers embarking on a career abroad in a foreign country and hopefully achieve pedagogical competence when working abroad.

  2. How Keynesian Economic Nihilism Still Pervades the High School Economics Syllabus. Quebec Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelebay, Yarema Gregory

    1996-01-01

    Characterizes economist John Maynard Keynes as immoral, decadent, and short sighted. Criticizes his economic theories for manifesting these same qualities and claims that these theories hold predominant sway over high school economics education. Mentions several supposedly biased passages from textbooks but provides no examples. (MJP)

  3. Constructing a Collaborative, Emergent Syllabus of Communicative Performances in a Nursing English Course in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stocker, Joel F.; Reddad, Mohamed

    2013-01-01

    Curriculum development research on nursing English in Taiwan has tended to end at needs analysis, offering little guidance on how to design and implement a course. Our objective was to examine how a course on workplace communication in English for nursing students in Taiwan would emerge in the classroom if teachers and students collaboratively…

  4. Italian for Business and Communication: Research Methodology and Creation of a Syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iandoli, Louis J.

    1993-01-01

    The evolution and design of a third-year college course in business Italian are described. Course content includes business correspondence, banking, wholesale and retail transactions. Teaching methods and class activities are also discussed. These include use of realia, small group activities, and letter and report writing. (Author/MSE)

  5. Transformation in Education in Malaysia: A Look into Moral Education Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balakrishnan, Vishalache

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores how the Education System concerning Moral Education (ME) has evolved over the years. ME is a core subject for non Muslim students in Malaysian schools and complements Islamic Studies taken by Muslim students. Over the years, the subject has undergone various evaluation and changes. With the forthcoming implementation of a…

  6. DISCOURSE-BASED SYLLABUS FOR TEACHING LITERATURE TO EFL LEARNERS IN VIETNAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tran Thi Ngoc Lien

    2014-01-01

    SILABUS BERBASIS WACANA UNTUK MENGAJAR SASTRA PADA PEMBELAJAR BAHASA INGGRIS SEBAGAI BAHASA ASING DI VIETNAM   Abstrak: Makalah ini focus pada penggunaan analisis wacana yang potensial pada pengajaran sastra di kelas bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa Asing (EFL dan juga pendekatan-pendekatan untuk merancang silabus berbasis wacana. Pendekatan yang tidak biasa ini telah benar-benar mengubah budaya mengajar di Haiphong Private University, Vietnam, yang sebelumnya biasa menganggap analisis karya sastra sebagai pelajaran membaca. Penggunaan silabus baru ini telah secara bertahap membentuk apa yang disebut kelas 3D(imention, dimana guru berbicara, mahasiswa berbicara dan karya sastra berbicara dari sifat-sifatnya, sehingga tujuan-tujuan utama pengajaran sastra, misalnya kompetensi bahasa dan penghargaan terhadap sastra bias dicapai. Selain itu, beberapa bagian dari contoh silabus tersebut dibagikan dengan harapan bisa bermanfaat bagi para pembaca.   Kata kunci: Silabus, pengajaran sastra, wacana, analisis wacana

  7. A Critical Review of EFL Writing Syllabus at Tertiary Level in the Arab World

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    El-Sadig Ezza; Khaled Al-Mudibry

    2014-01-01

    .... This study is an attempt to provide a new interpretation of learners’ writing problems. In other words, it posits that writing problems could also be caused by the employment of outdated approaches and resources...

  8. Computer literacy in nursing: developing the information technology syllabus in nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saranto, K; Leino-Kilpi, H

    1997-02-01

    This study has two main purposes: first, to identify and describe the computer skills required in nursing; and second, to find out what should be taught about information technology in nursing education. A three-round Delphi survey was carried out with a panel of experts representing nursing practice, nursing education, nurse students and consumers. The panel showed a consensus of opinion on 71% of the items included in the questionnaire designed for the study. The experts agreed that nurses must know how to use the computer for word-processing purposes, for accessing and using the hospital information system, and for e-mailing. Nurses must also be aware of system security and show a positive attitude towards computers. It is concluded that hospital information systems and nursing informatics should be integrated into laboratory and hospital training.

  9. The "Other" Syllabus: Rendering Teaching Politics Visible in the Graduate Pedagogy Seminar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Lucy E.

    2010-01-01

    The author has explored the pedagogical possibilities of exploring doubt and ambiguity in graduate seminars in feminist pedagogy and teaching methods that she has been responsible for leading in several large public university settings. In these settings, faculty instituted the seminars in the graduate curriculum because they recognized the…

  10. Psychoanalytic education in the twenty-first century: a syllabus for all seasons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Carl

    2011-10-01

    I am suggesting that psychoanalytic training facilities restructure their curriculum to include opposing views, in an effort to avoid the inevitable disintegration of the field at large. Without a sense of requirement for any particular viewpoint, I have suggested the model of class modules, usually based around three differing positions, be applied in as many classes as possible. This method enhances the very nature of psychoanalysis while it extends the educational provenance of each separate institute, and specifically each teacher of psychoanalysis. In so doing, candidates across the board will feel and think in a more collegial manner, and may find that learning psychoanalysis is to learn something new and exciting.

  11. ADDRESSING RATIONAL PRESCRIBERS THROUGH THE PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS COURSE WORK OF MBBS SYLLABUS IN BANGLADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdus Salam

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Pharmacology is most rapidly expanding science in medical discipline which leads to the development of many important drugs to treat many medical conditions that was previously untreatable. This paper focuses on the necessity of integration of pharmacology in the medical curriculum in all clinical phases and ethical aspects of medicine in terms of irrational prescribing. Irrational prescribing of drugs is a major global health problem in medical practice. Currently Pharmacology is taught at phase-II, a 2 year period in a 5 years undergraduate medical Programme in Bangladesh under the name ‘Pharmacology and Therapeutics’. Indiscriminate use of clinically inappropriate and ineffective medicines are a serious problem. Medicines in Bangladesh are inappropriately prescribed, again all kinds of drugs including controlled products are dispensed and sold out frequently without prescription. Henceforth there are regular violation of medical ethics and professionalism. As only pharmacology and therapeutics deals with the correct selection of drugs, the subject should be continued to teach up to phase-III. In addition, therapeutic discussion should be incorporated with proper logbook during internship in order to make safe and efficient prescribers. Supreme priority should be given to legal and ethical aspects of medicine. Medical professionals must uphold social order by ensuring ethical practices of medicine and appropriate role modelling especially by the faculty.

  12. The Need for an International Geoscience School Syllabus: Its Development and Publication

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, C.

    2015-01-01

    International comparisons of school-level geoscience education across the world had shown great variability in the amount and content of the geoscience materials and in the ways in which it was taught. When this situation was discussed at meetings of organisations concerned with international school-level geoscience education in 2012, the decision…

  13. Teaching syllabus for radiological aspects of breast cancer screening with digital mammography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Ongeval, Chantal; Van Steen, André; Bosmans, Hilde

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to discuss the content of our new accreditation programme for radiologists' reading digital mammograms in a screening setting and to report our first experience with the new course. The course consisted of a theoretical part, given by the medical physicist, and a practical part given by the radiologist. The practical session is closely linked with the theoretical part and a reading session. The material is fully digital and can be presented on different platforms. In practice, the need for parallel soft-copy reading sessions on high-end workstations limits the number of participants. A high level of interactivity was noted between teacher and participant, with a thorough discussion of different digital mammography systems during a single teaching course. The main challenge for the teacher turned out to be the collection of representative material and the continuous updating of the material: new systems, processing techniques and artefacts need to be included regularly.

  14. Incorporating Learning Style and Personality Preferences into an Oral Communication Course Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadas, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Individual difference factors of personality typology and learning style preference and their effect on second language acquisition have been the focus of several prominent SLA theorists over the past twenty-five years. However, few articles have demonstrated how individual learner difference research can be applied within a classroom by second…

  15. A physical demands analysis of the 24-week British Army Parachute Regiment recruit training syllabus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, David M; Rayson, Mark P; Bilzon, James L J

    2008-05-01

    This study assessed the physical demands of the 24-week Combined Infantryman's Course (CIC) for Parachute Regiment (Para) recruits and developed physical selection standards for applicants. Fifty recruits were monitored over five separate periods (35 d in total during weeks 1-2, 5, 9, 15 and 19-20). Energy expenditure (doubly labelled water), physical activity (accelerometry) and cardiovascular strain (% heart rate reserve) were measured. There was no overall progression in both the levels of physiological stress (physical activity counts and energy expenditure) and resultant cardiovascular strain during the first nine weeks of training. Applicants' 2.4 km run time and static lift strength measured at selection predicted 10 mile loaded march performance at the end of CIC Para. The introduction of job-related selection procedures and a more progressive approach to training has reduced the incidence of medical discharge from 14.4% to 5.1% and increased overall pass rates from 43% to 58%.

  16. Teaching learners to communicate effectively in the L2: Integrating body language in the students’ syllabus

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Grazia Busà

    2016-01-01

    Abstract –In communication a great deal of meaning is exchanged through body language, including gaze, posture, hand gestures and body movements. Body language is largely culture-specific, and rests, for its comprehension, on people’s sharing socio-cultural and linguistic norms. In cross-cultural communication, L2 speakers’ use of body language may convey meaning that is not understood or misinterpreted by the interlocutors, affecting the pragmatics of communication. In spite of its importanc...

  17. When "personhood" begins in the embryo: avoiding a syllabus of errors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Scott F

    2008-06-01

    The following essay was delivered at the conference "Ontogeny and Human Life" at the Ponifical Athenaeum "Regina Apostolorum," November, 2007. Sponsored by the Legion of Christ, the Pontifical Academy for Life, and the John Templeton Foundation, the sessions focused on when the conceptus became a "person." My essay focused on the scientific conclusions that could aid such discussions. Moreover, after listening to the philosophical, legal, and theological discussions that ensued, I responded theologically as well. New concepts in modern embryology have made scientists revise their views concerning the autonomy of embryos and the mechanisms that generate such embryos. There are interactions between the sperm and the female reproductive tract and egg which had never been known until recently. There are also interactions between the developing organism and its environment that had been unsuspected a decade ago. Gut bacteria induce the development of the mammalian digestive system and immune system by changing the gene expression patterns in the mammalian intestine. Conversely, chemicals in our technological society can adversely affect the embryo, rendering it sterile or prone to tumors later in life. While there is no consensus among scientists as to when human life begins, both Church and science can become allies in persuading governments to regulate or ban the production and use of these fetotoxic chemicals. These new views of embryonic development change many of the stories told about human embryos and fetuses, and they have implications concerning the use of science as evidence for theological positions.

  18. Voorlichting voor het verkeer. Syllabus College Verkeerstechniek T.H. Delft.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, D.A.

    1980-01-01

    After a general introduction (1) on the human eye, photometry and sources of light, the report deals with the functional aspects of public lighting (2), its design (3), and the cost benefit analysis (4). In chapter 2 the function of traffic provisions in general and those of traffic lighting are

  19. Assessing the Culture of Teaching and Learning through a Syllabus Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanny, Claudia; Gonzalez, Melissa; McGowan, Britt

    2015-01-01

    Content analysis of course syllabi can answer a variety of questions about the structure of courses and the campus culture of teaching and learning. The authors report a review of the full population of undergraduate syllabi at one institution during one academic term (n = 1153), including rubric design and training procedures for reviewers. The…

  20. Web Design Curriculum and Syllabus Based on Web Design Practice and Students' Prior Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krunic, Tanja; Ruzic-Dimitrijevic, Ljiljana; Petrovic, Branka; Farkas, Robert

    2006-01-01

    The Advanced Technical School from Novi Sad set up a completely new study group for web design in 2004. The main goals of the paper are to explain the steps that were taken in starting this group, and to present the educational program based on our own research through the organization of the group and course descriptions. Since there is a…

  1. Renewing the Dutch economics syllabus for higher secondary education: educational reforms from past to current databases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rol, Menno

    2015-01-01

    Dutch secondary school economics education was never at rest. It currently finds itself once more in an interesting phase of transition. New developments of behavioural economics have been incorpo-rated into the exam subject matter while the deletion of Keynesian model making from the corpus

  2. A Case Study: Syllabus, Methodology and Assessment with Oral EL Classes for Non-English Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FengLianyi

    2004-01-01

    In response to the school curriculum reform,approximately 1200 out of the 3000 sophomores of non-English major in our university selected oral English as the optional course for the autumn semester study of 2003. The high demand for the spoken English classes is a challenge to the English teachers concerned. However how to conduct oral English lessons effectively in a considerably big-sized class of 35 plus with varied language aptitudes and personality traits calls forth a good topic for research studies.

  3. “They do not know much, but then, you have to cover the syllabus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kate H

    Specifically, the article reports on what informs teachers' language .... virtual defiance of the policy of mother tongue education (MTE) in the first three ..... just carries on with the lesson in English, ignoring the language reality in her classroom.

  4. A Critical Review Of The CELTA Syllabus Within The Context Of Saudi Arabia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Amjjad Sulaimani; Tariq Elyas

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this paper is on the cultural aspects of the internationally, well-recognised and accepted international teacher training course known as Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults (CELTA...

  5. Provisional, Primordial and Preexistent Temples in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Texts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Søren

    2015-01-01

    The Bible itself indicates that there is a prehistory to the Solomonic temple: It existed in a portable version during the wilderness years in the shape of the Tabernacle, and that in turn was built after a model shown to Moses on Mt. Sinai by God himself. It is no wonder that the Dead Sea Scrolls...... give several examples of temple and priesthood being in existence before their Mosaic manifestation on earth: Going back through the Patriarchal age, we see priestly footprints; peeking into heaven, we find the temple there – and going back to the very moment of creation, we learn that it was already...

  6. 77 FR 42702 - Battat Incorporated, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... in models BB1439H and BAT 34, had been shipped to the United States by the Chinese manufacturer... conclusions of law; and (e) any claims under the Equal Access to Justice Act. 34. The Commission may...

  7. 75 FR 1356 - RC2 Corporation, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-11

    ... manufactured by OW rather than by RC2's other Chinese contract manufacturer. RC2 cross-referenced each of the...) any claims under the Equal Access to Justice Act. 25. The Commission may publicize the terms of...

  8. Effects of surface treatment of provisional crowns on the shear bond strength of brackets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiane Xavier de Almeida

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the adhesive resistance of metallic brackets bonded to temporary crowns made of acrylic resin after different surface treatments. METHODS: 180 specimens were made of Duralay and randomly divided into 6 groups (n = 30 according to surface treatment and bonding material: G1 - surface roughening with Soflex and bonding with Duralay; G2 - roughening with aluminum oxide blasting and bonding with Duralay; G3 - application of monomer and bonding with Duralay; G4 - roughening with Soflex and bonding with Transbond XT; G5 - roughening with aluminum oxide blasting and bonding with Transbond XT and G6: application of monomer and bonding with Transbond. The results were statistically assessed by ANOVA/Games-Howell. RESULTS: The means (MPa were: G1= 18.04, G2= 22.64, G3= 22.4, G4= 9.71, G5= 11.23, G6= 9.67. The Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI ranged between 2 and 3 on G1, G2 and G3 whereas in G4, G5 and G6 it ranged from 0 to 1, showing that only the material affects the pattern of adhesive flaw. CONCLUSION: The surface treatment and the material influenced adhesive resistance of brackets bonded to temporary crowns. Roughening by aluminum blasting increased bond strength when compared to Soflex, in the group bonded with Duralay. The bond strength of Duralay acrylic resin was superior to that of Transbond XT composite resin.

  9. 78 FR 27190 - Williams-Sonoma, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ..., organized and existing under the laws of the State of Delaware, with its principal corporate ] office... to consumers. 8. WS received notice of a Product failure as early as November 2004, when a consumer.... 2069, WS is subject to civil penalties for its knowing failure to report, as required under section 15...

  10. 76 FR 79656 - E & B Giftware LLC, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... Delaware, with its principal corporate office located in Yonkers, New York. E&B Giftware LLC is a parent to.... 2069, EB is subject to civil penalties for its failure to immediately report to the Commission, as... made via www.pay.gov . Upon the failure of E&B to make the foregoing payment of $500,000 when due...

  11. 76 FR 63906 - Henry Gordy International, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    .../or former corporate parent(s), affiliates, successors, and/or assigns, and any and/or all current and... corporation, organized and existing under the laws of the State of Delaware, with its principal corporate... is subject to civil penalties for its knowing failure to report under section 15(b) of the CPSA, as...

  12. Textos en pantalla y lecturas provisorias Texts on screen and provisional readings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flora Beatriz Perelman

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este estudio cualitativo es caracterizar los textos consultados por los alumnos cuando buscan información en Internet mediante un buscador en situaciones didácticas de estudio, e identificar las prácticas de lectura que realizan. La población está constituida por 25 alumnos de 5º grado de escuela primaria. Los datos son recolectados mediante observaciones de aula. Los hallazgos evidencian que los alumnos se enfrentan con una lista de resultados que contiene textos generados y seleccionados por un motor automático y luego ingresan a textos escasamente contextualizados y visualizados fragmentariamente. Las lecturas exploratorias de reconocimiento y localización propuestas en la situación didáctica generan una diversidad de propósitos en los alumnos que los orientan a hipotetizar y verificar pertinencia y confiabilidad, identificar formas de organización del texto, comprender progresivamente el contenido, seleccionarlo provisoriamente y conservarlo para futuras revisiones de significado.The purpose of this qualitative study is to characterize texts consulted by pupils when searching for information on the internet through a search engine in didactic situations, and to identify the reading practices that pupils carry on. The population is composed by 25 fifth grade pupils from elementary school. Data is collected by classroom observations. Findings show that pupils face a results list that contains texts generated and selected by an automatic engine and then they enter barely contextualized and fragmentarily visualized texts. Exploratory readings for recognition and location which are proposed in the didactic situation bring up a variety of purposes on pupils that lead them to hypothesize and to check relevance and reliability, to identify kinds of text layout, to progressively understand contents, to provisionaly select information and to keep it for later verification of its meaning.

  13. Provisional, Primordial and Preexistent Temples in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Texts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Søren

    2015-01-01

    The Bible itself indicates that there is a prehistory to the Solomonic temple: It existed in a portable version during the wilderness years in the shape of the Tabernacle, and that in turn was built after a model shown to Moses on Mt. Sinai by God himself. It is no wonder that the Dead Sea Scroll...

  14. A Provisional list of Tibetan Commentaries on the Ratnagotravibhâga

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burchardi, Anne

    2006-01-01

    The article presents information on Tibetan commentaries based on Ratnagotravibhâga (RGV) text, which is a major source text for interpretations of Buddha Nature. A chronological list of authors along with an account of their major works is also given. It is viewed that the study of the commentar...... of the commentaries will help in understanding the influence of RGV on Tibetan Buddhism, and the commentators' perception of the Buddha Nature.......The article presents information on Tibetan commentaries based on Ratnagotravibhâga (RGV) text, which is a major source text for interpretations of Buddha Nature. A chronological list of authors along with an account of their major works is also given. It is viewed that the study...

  15. Prediction of solubility and permeability class membership: provisional BCS classification of the world's top oral drugs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dahan, Arik; Miller, Jonathan M; Amidon, Gordon L

    2009-01-01

    .../discussion/extension of the BCS is continuously published in the literature. The BCS has been effectively implanted by drug regulatory agencies around the world in setting bioavailability/bioequivalence standards for immediate-release (IR...

  16. Acoustic Transients of the Marginal Sea Ice Zone: A Provisional Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-08-01

    0.3 Hz 64 SUPPORTING DATA SORE IHUW Humpback Whale, Megaptera novaeangliae W and E boundaries of N Atlantic, N Pacific. Off Novaya Zemlya, Finmark...1981) Variations in Vocalizations of Fin Whales, Balaenoptera physalus, in the St. Lawrence River . M.S. Thesis, Univ. of Maryland, College Park, 126...pp. EDDS, P. L. (1982) Vocalizations of the Blue Whale, Balaenoptera musculus, in the St. Lawrence River . J. Mammalogy, 63, 345-347. ELLIS, R. (1980

  17. Evidence-based provisional clinical classification criteria for autoinflammatory periodic fevers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Federici, Silvia; Sormani, Maria Pia; Ozen, Seza; Lachmann, Helen J; Amaryan, Gayane; Woo, Patricia; Koné-Paut, Isabelle; Dewarrat, Natacha; Cantarini, Luca; Insalaco, Antonella; Uziel, Yosef; Rigante, Donato; Quartier, Pierre; Demirkaya, Erkan; Herlin, Troels; Meini, Antonella; Fabio, Giovanna; Kallinich, Tilmann; Martino, Silvana; Butbul, Aviel Yonatan; Olivieri, Alma; Kuemmerle-Deschner, Jasmin; Neven, Benedicte; Simon, Anna; Ozdogan, Huri; Touitou, Isabelle; Frenkel, Joost; Hofer, Michael; Martini, Alberto; Ruperto, Nicolino; Gattorno, Marco

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this work was to develop and validate a set of clinical criteria for the classification of patients affected by periodic fevers. Patients with inherited periodic fevers (familial Mediterranean fever (FMF); mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD); tumour necrosis factor receptor-associate

  18. Future Critical World Issues in Education: A Provisional Report of Findings. An Occasional Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coombs, Philip H.

    A review is presented of findings emerging from the International Council for Educational Development assessment of the world educational crisis. The assessment was made of education in both developed and developing countries and was geared toward finding the future status of education in the 1980s and the 1990s. An analysis is made of basic…

  19. 75 FR 23745 - Jo-Ann Stores, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... contain ``lead-containing paint,'' defined as paint or other surface coating materials whose lead content... of the dried paint film. 16 CFR 1303.2(b)(1).\\1\\ \\1\\ At the time of the alleged violations stated in...), in that they bear or contain paint or other surface coating materials whose lead content exceeds the...

  20. A PROVISIONAL TRANSCRIPT MAP OF THE SPINAL MUSCULAR-ATROPHY (SMA) CRITICAL REGION

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANDERSTEEGE, G; DRAAIJERS, TG; GROOTSCHOLTEN, PM; OSINGA, J; ANZEVINO, R; VELONA, [No Value; DENDUNNEN, JT; SCHEFFER, H; BRAHE, C; VANOMMEN, GJB; BUYS, CHCM

    1995-01-01

    YACs from the region containing the spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) locus at 5q12 have been used as probes in a direct screening of cDNA libraries to isolate 8 cDNAs, mapped to different YAC fragments. Three clones showed complete identity to the genes for cyclin B1 (CCNB1), the p44 subunit of the tra

  1. A PROVISIONAL TRANSCRIPT MAP OF THE SPINAL MUSCULAR-ATROPHY (SMA) CRITICAL REGION

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANDERSTEEGE, G; DRAAIJERS, TG; GROOTSCHOLTEN, PM; OSINGA, J; ANZEVINO, R; VELONA, [No Value; DENDUNNEN, JT; SCHEFFER, H; BRAHE, C; VANOMMEN, GJB; BUYS, CHCM

    1995-01-01

    YACs from the region containing the spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) locus at 5q12 have been used as probes in a direct screening of cDNA libraries to isolate 8 cDNAs, mapped to different YAC fragments. Three clones showed complete identity to the genes for cyclin B1 (CCNB1), the p44 subunit of the

  2. Provisional results from accelerated testing of ultra thin-layer reinforced concrete in South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Du Plessis, L

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The CSIR Built-Environment, in conjunction with the University of Pretoria and the Cement and Concrete Institute of South Africa, developed a low cost option for the upgrading of unsurfaced (gravel) roads. The proposed solution is the placing of a...

  3. Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters in 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippmann, John; Lawrence, Christopher; Fock, Andrew; Jamieson, Scott; Harris, Richard

    2016-12-01

    An individual case review of diving-related deaths reported as occurring in Australia in 2011 was conducted as part of the DAN Asia-Pacific dive fatality reporting project. The case studies were compiled using reports from witnesses, the police and coroners. In each case, the particular circumstances of the accident and, where available, details from the post-mortem examination are provided. A chain of events analysis was conducted for each case. In total, there were 30 reported fatalities (10 more than in 2010). These included 15 snorkel/breath-hold divers, 14 scuba divers and one diver using surface-supplied breathing apparatus. Twenty-four victims were males. The mean age of snorkelling victims was 49.6 (range 23-75) years and compressed gas divers 42.2 (range 23-55) years. Cardiac-related issues were thought to have been the disabling injury in the deaths of at least seven snorkel divers and five scuba divers. Immersion pulmonary oedema was implicated in at least one death; and three fatalities resulted from attacks by marine animals. Two novices died while under instruction/supervision after separation from their instructor in poor visibility. Pre-existing medical conditions, separation and inadequate supervision and seafood collection in areas frequented by marine predators were once again features in several deaths in this series.

  4. AFRICOM: Reconstruction and Stability through the Provisional Reconstruction Team-Enhanced, Enabled by Unity of Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-12

    Colonial governments established within Africa did very little to establish African governance and 108 to develop civil societies ( Putman 2008, 6...for its future ( Putman 2008, 16). PRT-Es must have a clear, unified chain of command in order to achieve unity of effort. They must have access to...Library of Congress. Putman , Diana. 2008. Combating African questions about the legitimacy of AFRICOM. Strategy Research Project, Carlisle: U.S

  5. 75 FR 26939 - Target Corporation: Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    ..., interest on the unpaid amount shall accrue and be paid by Target at the federal legal rate of interest set... Agreement with Target Corporation, containing a civil penalty of $600,000.00. DATES: Any interested person...), (11) and (13). 9. The Target Products are articles intended to be entrusted to or for use by children...

  6. Best Practices and Provisional Guidelines for Integrating Mobile, Virtual, and Videogame-Based Training and Assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    O’Rourke, E. J. (2006). Evaluation of the clinical assessment project: A computer-based multimedia tool to assess problem-solving ability in medical...Computer-based and instructor-led injury prevention training for board and care staff. Educational Gerontology , 29, 475-491. *Walker, B. L...Harrington, S. S. (2008). Computer-based instruction and the web for delivering injury prevention training. Educational Gerontology , 34, 691-708

  7. Acoustic Transients of the Marginal Sea Ice Zone: A Provisional Catalog. Revision

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-08-01

    Classification and Comparison of Vocalizations of Captive Killer Whales (Orcinus orca ). J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 72, 661-670. DENKER, J.S. (1986) AlP Conference...coastal and insular areas, and in captivity at an LOCATION [oceanarium Sounds produced as animals moved about near the surface. CONDITIONS I The bell-like...seldom attack them. Cautious, difficult to capture and hold in captivity , will threaten boats and men at sea. LIFE HISTORY TRANSIENT Extremely vociferous

  8. La proteccion cautelar en el contencioso administrativo colombiano: hacia un modelo de justicia provisional

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Castano Parra, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    ... que existe entre esta y la tutela judicial efectiva, se intentara extrapolar dicho razonamiento al derecho positivo colombiano para caracterizar a la proteccion cautelar como una autentica concrecion...

  9. Australian Disaster Research Directory (Including Some Contributions from New Zealand). Provisional--1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-01

    Adelaide, GPO Box 438, Adelaide, S,:uth Australia 5001 (08) 2285333 Kenneth A Brown BDS, FICD, Senior Lecturer in Forensic Odontology , Department of...which included projects relevant to disaster victim identification, as follows: To develop for Australia internationally compatible odontological methods...hazard-related course: 2.251G Toxicology , Occupational and Public Health. University of New South Wales PO Box 1 Kensington NSW 2033 (02) 6630351 Dr

  10. 77 FR 63801 - Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... August 2008, Aqua Leisure senior executives raised concerns internally about a ``potential problem'' with... a 6-month-old girl who was completely submerged in a pool when the bottom of her inflatable baby... and therefore barred; (ii) Aqua Leisure shall not plead, argue or otherwise raise any defenses under...

  11. Learning and Teaching Qualitative Research Methods in Social Science. Provisional Reflections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benno Herzog

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to resume and give structure to the debate about "teaching and learning qualitative methods in social sciences" (http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/about/editorialPolicies#deb, which is currently taking place in the trilingual journal Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research. The core of the debate is composed, at the moment, by nine texts with different characteristics, with authors in different academic positions and with very diverse approaches. The aim of this presentation is to open the debate to Ibero-America and to invite Hispanic students, teachers, researchers and professionals to participate and to enrich the discussion with their experiences and reflections. The text starts by explaining the rise of the debate during one particular conference in Germany (http://www.berliner-methodentreffen.de/ and by pointing out different links with other questions related to qualitative research. Short reviews of the contributions are presented in three sections: background, theoretical contributions, and experiences. Finally, four main topics are identified to occur in the actual discussion: the social context of teaching and learning, epistemological models and their implication for the teaching process, specific didactic models and experiences for qualitative research and, finally, the role of the researcher as teacher and student and his/her personal "compatibility" with qualitative methods. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0803220

  12. Evidence-based provisional clinical classification criteria for autoinflammatory periodic fevers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Federici, Silvia; Sormani, Maria Pia; Ozen, Seza; Lachmann, Helen J; Amaryan, Gayane; Woo, Patricia; Koné-Paut, Isabelle; Dewarrat, Natacha; Cantarini, Luca; Insalaco, Antonella; Uziel, Yosef; Rigante, Donato; Quartier, Pierre; Demirkaya, Erkan; Herlin, Troels; Meini, Antonella; Fabio, Giovanna; Kallinich, Tilmann; Martino, Silvana; Butbul, Aviel Yonatan; Olivieri, Alma; Kuemmerle-Deschner, Jasmin; Neven, Benedicte; Simon, Anna; Ozdogan, Huri; Touitou, Isabelle; Frenkel, Joost; Hofer, Michael; Martini, Alberto; Ruperto, Nicolino; Gattorno, Marco

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this work was to develop and validate a set of clinical criteria for the classification of patients affected by periodic fevers. Patients with inherited periodic fevers (familial Mediterranean fever (FMF); mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD); tumour necrosis factor

  13. Electron cooling for the Fermilab recycler: Present concept and provisional parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagaitsev, S. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)

    1997-09-01

    In all scenarios of the possible Tevatron upgrades, luminosity is essentially proportional to the number of antiprotons. Thus, a tenfold increase in luminosity could be achieved by putting five times more protons on the antiproton production target and gaining an additional factor of two from recycling antiprotons left over from the previous store. Stacking and storing ten times more antiprotons puts an unbearable burden on the stochastic cooling system of the existing Accumulator Ring. Thus, one is led to consider an additional stage of antiproton storage the so called Recycler Ring. Electron cooling of the 8 GeV antiprotons in the Recycler could provide an attractive way around the problems of large stacks. Such a system would look much like the IUCF proposal to cool 12 GeV protons in the SSC Medium Energy Booster. Although electron cooling has now become a routine tool in many laboratories, its use has been restricted to lower energy accelerators (< 500 MeV/nucleon). An R&D program is currently underway at Fermilab to extend electron cooling technology to the GeV range. This paper describes the electron cooling system design as well as the Recycler ring parameters required to accommodate this system.

  14. Monitoring of Human Uterus Transplantation With Cervical Biopsies: A Provisional Scoring System for Rejection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mölne, J; Broecker, V; Ekberg, J; Nilsson, O; Dahm-Kähler, P; Brännström, M

    2016-11-21

    Until now, absolute uterine factor infertility has been the major untreatable form of female infertility. Uterus transplantation has recently proven to be the first successful treatment for absolute uterine factor infertility, with demonstration of live births. In this study, live donation uterus transplantation was performed in nine women. In total, 163 cervical biopsies (149 protocol, 14 follow-up) were taken to detect histopathological signs of rejection. Based on experience from animal experiments, we used a three-grade scoring system to evaluate biopsies systematically. Nine episodes of rejection were diagnosed in five patients: grade 1 in six episodes, grade 2 in two episodes, and grade 3 in one episode. Treatment decisions were based on histopathology, and all rejection episodes were reversed after treatment. The biopsies were reviewed retrospectively, and immunohistochemistry was performed to characterize the inflammatory infiltrates. A borderline category was introduced to avoid overtreatment of patients. Based on our review of all biopsies, we put forward a simple grading system for monitoring of rejection and to guide immunosuppressive treatment in uterus transplantation.

  15. 77 FR 19901 - Provisional Unlawful Presence Waivers of Inadmissibility for Certain Immediate Relatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... process, often causing U.S. citizens to be separated for extended periods from their immediate relatives... Under the current system, the entire waiver adjudication process occurs while the immediate relative... with an immediate relative immigrant visa application.\\3\\ The notice explained the proposed process...

  16. Genetic and serological identification of three Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains as candidates for novel provisional O serotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Xi; Liu, Bin; Chen, Min; Wang, Yuanyuan; Wang, Lu; Chen, Hongyou; Wang, Yao; Tu, Lihong; Zhang, Xi; Feng, Lu

    2017-03-20

    Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a Gram-negative, halophilic Vibrio that naturally inhabits marine and estuarine environments worldwide and has recently been recognized as one of the most important foodborne pathogens. To date, 13 O serotypes and 71 K serotypes of V. parahaemolyticus have been identified. However, untypeable V. parahaemolyticus strains are frequently found during routine detection, indicating that other forms of serotypes exist and suggesting the necessity for extension of the antigenic scheme. In this work, through the genetic analysis of the O serotype genetic determinants (OGDs) and the production of antisera and serological tests, we identified three novel O serotypes of V. parahaemolyticus. Further analyses showed that recombination and gene-set deletions/insertions within OGDs may play key roles in the generation of V. parahaemolyticus O serotype diversity. A PCR method was developed for the identification of these novel O serotypes, and specificity and sensitivity were evaluated. A double-blind test including 283 clinical isolates was performed, giving perfect correlation with the agglutination test results. Generally, our study expanded the O-antigenic scheme of V. parahaemolyticus from 13 to 16 and provided a tool with the potential for the detection and identification of V. parahaemolyticus strains (especially untypeable strains) isolated from both the clinic and the environment.

  17. 75 FR 76405 - Winter Bee, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ...''), and contingent upon the truthfulness, accuracy, and completeness of the Financial Representations, the... penalty (collectively, ``Financial Representations''), and contingent upon the truthfulness, accuracy, and... upon the truthfulness, accuracy, and completeness of the Financial Representations. If, upon petition...

  18. 76 FR 55648 - Sunsations Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-08

    ... can cause, and have caused, injuries and deaths when they catch on items, such as playground equipment, bus doors, or cribs. In the Guidelines, Staff recommends that no children's upper outerwear sizes 2T... risk of serious injury or death. Pursuant to CPSA sections 15(b)(3) and (4), 15 U.S.C. 2064(b)(3)...

  19. 76 FR 10339 - Ms. Bubbles, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... have caused, injuries and deaths when they catch on items such as playground equipment, bus doors, or cribs. In the Guidelines, the Staff recommends that there be no hood and neck drawstrings in children's... unreasonable risk of serious injury or death. CPSA sections 15(b)(3) and (4), 15 U.S.C. Sec. 2064(b)(3) and...

  20. 76 FR 41487 - Macy's, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-14

    ... deaths when they catch on items such as playground equipment, bus doors, or cribs. In the Guidelines... that the Garments created an unreasonable risk of serious injury or death. Pursuant to CPSA sections...