WorldWideScience

Sample records for survey kindergarten class

  1. Class Sizes for Kindergarten and Primary Grades: A Review of the Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helmich, Edith; Wasem, Leighton

    Most teachers and the public believe that children in kindergarten and the primary grades benefit from small classes because of children's need for individualized instruction and teacher attention. This report, part of a comprehensive policy study of early childhood education, presents a review of the research on the effect of class size on…

  2. Training Needs of Governmental Schools' Principals Hosting Kindergartens Classes: The Case for Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashraah, Mamdouh M.; Al-Olaimat, Ali M.; Takash, Hanan M.

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed at identifying the training needs of governmental schools' principals with kindergarten classes. The sample of the study consisted of a random sample of (62) female principal. The instrument of the study was developed by the researchers and included 60 items distributed on four domains (planning, organizing, guidance, and…

  3. Comparison of Form Class Usage in Children's Speech and the Mod 2 Kindergarten Storybooks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuchenbecker, Shari Young

    Recent research supports the view that the beginning reader's comprehension is aided by a similarity between written materials and the child's own oral language production. The content of the Southwest Regional Laboratory (SWRL) Mod 2 Kindergarten Storybooks was analyzed by surface linguistic form class and compared to an analysis of 5.5- to…

  4. Demography and early academic skills of students from immigrant families: The kindergarten class of 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Amanda L; Houri, Alaa; Sadeh, Shanna

    2016-06-01

    Children from immigrant families are one of the fastest growing and most diverse groups in America's schools. This study provides a demographic portrait of immigrant children who entered kindergarten in 2010 and describes patterns and predictors of early educational outcomes of students from immigrant families. A nationally representative sample of 13,530 students who participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 was analyzed. Descriptive statistics were used to estimate the sociodemographic characteristics of this population. Regression was used to examine the relations between nativity, child characteristics, and family characteristics to reading and mathematics skills in kindergarten. Approximately 27% of kindergartners in the class of 2011 came from immigrant families. These students were more racially, linguistically, and socioeconomically diverse than students from U.S.-born parents. Educational outcomes varied by parents' region of origin. Children's early academic skills were significantly related to parent's region of origin, but these relations were attenuated when child health, language, family structure, and socioeconomic status were accounted for. These results indicate the importance of considering parent nativity when examining the outcomes and needs of students from immigrant families. Because of the diversity of characteristics and outcomes of children of immigrants, researchers should consider the implications of nativity for students' experiences and needs. (PsycINFO Database Record

  5. Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011). User's Manual for the ECLS-K:2011 Kindergarten-First Grade Data File and Electronic Codebook, Public Version. NCES 2015-078

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tourangeau, Karen; Nord, Christine; Lê, Thanh; Wallner-Allen, Kathleen; Hagedorn, Mary C.; Leggitt, John; Najarian, Michelle

    2015-01-01

    This manual provides guidance and documentation for users of the longitudinal kindergarten-first grade (K-1) data file of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011). It mainly provides information specific to the first-grade rounds of data collection. Data for the ECLS-K:2011 are released in both a…

  6. The Effects of Prescribed, Sequential Programs of Reading and Mathematics on the Readiness of Middle Class Kindergarten Children and on Their Subsequent Achievement in Reading and Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricketts, Jean Napier

    The effects of a prescribed, sequential program of reading and mathematics readiness activities were investigated in an experimental study of 229 middle-class kindergarten children. Eight of 16 kindergarten classes received the experimental treatment for six months; the other eight served as a control group. Readiness tests were given before and…

  7. Preparing for Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 2012

    2012-01-01

    In October, 2011, Age of Learning, Inc., creator of ABCmouse.com "Early Learning Academy" conducted a nationwide survey of 500 kindergarten teachers on the subject of children's preparedness for kindergarten. The survey revealed that two-thirds of America's kindergarten teachers believe most young children are academically unprepared for school…

  8. Findings from the Third-Grade Round of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011): First Look. NCES 2016-094

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulligan, Gail M.; McCarroll, Jill Carlivati; Flanagan, Kristin Denton; Potter, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011), is collecting information about the early educational experiences of a nationally representative sample of children who were in kindergarten or who were of kindergarten age in ungraded classrooms or schools in the 2010-11 school year. The data collection began in…

  9. The Elementary School Performance and Adjustment of Children Who Enter Kindergarten Late or Repeat Kindergarten: Findings from National Surveys. National Household Education Survey. Statistical Analysis Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zill, Nicholas; Loomis, Laura Spencer; West, Jerry

    Some parents have chosen to delay their children's enrollment in kindergarten by a year because of individual differences in the pace and pattern of children's development. In other situations, some schools recommend delaying a child's school entry based on "readiness" testing or require that some kindergartners attend kindergarten for a…

  10. The perceptions of creativity and creative potentials of future kindergarten and class teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milovanović Radmila

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Research studies on teaching practice have shown that not enough attention is paid to the problem of children’s creativity development in our schools in spite of the fact that the development of creative potentials in preschool institutions and school figures as one of the priority educational tasks. The perceptions of creativity and creative potentials of future kindergarten and class teachers can serve as an important basis for encouraging the development of their professional competences. This research was aimed at examining students’ knowledge and beliefs on creativity, obtaining self-assessment of their own creative potentials and determining the level of expression of students’ creativity based on their abilities of creative problem-solving. The sample included the students of the Faculty of Pedagogical Sciences in Jagodina and Teacher Training College in Vranje (N=300. For examining students’ creative potentials we used the Epstein Creativity Competences Inventory and a version of the Saugstad & Rahaim Problem Solving Tests. Research results have confirmed that students possess the knowledge and the beliefs compatible with the modern scientific beliefs on creativity. They assess their own creative potentials as very high and they do possess them. The obtained results can serve as a better foundation for working with students towards fostering the development of their creative potentials and professional competences. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179034: Od podsticanja inicijative, saradnje, stvaralaštva u obrazovanju do novih uloga i identiteta u društvu i br. 47008: Unapređivanje kvaliteta i dostupnosti obrazovanja u procesima modernizacije Srbije

  11. Approaching Kindergarten: A Look at Preschoolers in the United States. National Household Education Survey. Statistical Analysis Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zill, Nicholas; And Others

    This report examines the prevalence of selected accomplishments and difficulties in a national sample of 4,423 children from 3 to 5 years of age who had not yet started kindergarten. The data were collected as part of the 1993 National Household Education Survey (NHES). The report focused on 2,000 children who had turned 4 by the end of 1992 and…

  12. The CLASS blazar survey - II. Optical properties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Caccianiga, A; Marcha, MJ; Anton, S; Mack, KH; Neeser, MJ

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents the optical properties of the objects selected in the CLASS blazar survey. Because an optical spectrum is now available for 70 per cent of the 325 sources present in the sample, a spectral classification, based on the appearance of the emission/absorption lines, is possible. A wi

  13. The CLASS blazar survey - II. Optical properties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Caccianiga, A; Marcha, MJ; Anton, S; Mack, KH; Neeser, MJ

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents the optical properties of the objects selected in the CLASS blazar survey. Because an optical spectrum is now available for 70 per cent of the 325 sources present in the sample, a spectral classification, based on the appearance of the emission/absorption lines, is possible. A

  14. The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ3), 2011

    2011-01-01

    Based on responses from 20,000 college seniors nationwide, "The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report" gives you hard numbers "plus" the analysis you need to develop your college recruiting strategy and build your brand among college students. Align your recruiting strategies tactics with students' wants, needs, attitudes, and behaviors--you'll get…

  15. The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ3), 2011

    2011-01-01

    Based on responses from 20,000 college seniors nationwide, "The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report" gives you hard numbers "plus" the analysis you need to develop your college recruiting strategy and build your brand among college students. Align your recruiting strategies tactics with students' wants, needs, attitudes, and behaviors--you'll get…

  16. A Survey of English Reading Outside Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Peng; Yuan

    2015-01-01

    The aims of middle school English teaching areto cultivate students to acquire reading competence,which enable them to gain the information.Reading is the required method to collect information and material.This paper reports a survey on reading outside class among senior school students,by the way of questionnaires and interview,including the interests,focus,assignment of reading time,selection of reading materials,reading motives and other aspects..

  17. A Survey of English Reading Outside Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Peng Yuan

    2015-01-01

    The aims of middle school English teaching are to cultivate students to acquire reading competence,which enable them to gain the information.Reading is the required method to collect information and material.This paper reports a survey on reading outside class among senior school students,by the way of questionnaires and interview,including the interests,focus,assignment of reading time,selection of reading materials,reading motives and other aspects..

  18. The Transition to Kindergarten for Typically Developing Children: A Survey of School Psychologists' Involvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntyre, Laura Lee; Eckert, Tanya L.; Arbolino, Lauren A.; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Fiese, Barbara H.

    2014-01-01

    Research suggests that a large percentage of kindergarten children do not successfully transition to school (Rimm-Kaufman et al. 2000). As a result, a number of school transition initiatives have been developed by educators and policy makers to address the difficulties young children may experience upon kindergarten entry. Despite this attention,…

  19. Family Kindergarten = Kinder para familias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtin, Jolinda

    The Family Kindergarten program designed and pilot tested by a bilingual kindergarten teacher at Garretson Elementary School in Corona, California, is described. Based on the premise that parents are the most important and influential educators of children, Family Kindergarten was conceived as an evening class that includes parents and children…

  20. Academic and Social Functioning Associated with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Latent Class Analyses of Trajectories from Kindergarten to Fifth Grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DuPaul, George J; Morgan, Paul L; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M; Maczuga, Steve

    2016-10-01

    Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are known to exhibit significantly lower academic and social functioning than other children. Yet the field currently lacks knowledge about specific impairment trajectories experienced by children with ADHD, which may constrain early screening and intervention effectiveness. Data were analyzed from a nationally representative U.S. cohort in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K) for 590 children (72.7 % male) whose parents reported a formal diagnosis of ADHD. Children's math, reading, and interpersonal skills were assessed at 5 time points between kindergarten and fifth grade. Growth mixture model analyses indicated 4 latent trajectory classes for reading, 8 classes for math, and 4 classes for interpersonal skills. Membership in reading and math trajectory classes was strongly related; overlaps with interpersonal skills classes were weaker. Trajectory class membership was correlated with demographic characteristics and behavioral functioning. Children with ADHD display substantial heterogeneity in their reading, math, and interpersonal growth trajectories, with some groups of children especially likely to display relatively severe levels of academic and social impairment over time. Early screening and intervention to address impairment, particularly reading difficulties, among kindergarten students with ADHD is warranted.

  1. Time Well Spent in a Kindergarten Class:A Teacher’s Reflection on Using Talk to Learn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Hope-Southcott

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Recent changes in the Ontario curricular expectations for teaching and learning have led the author to re-examine some of her teaching practices, particularly in oral language learning. In this article, the author explores what learning through talk looks like, sounds like and feels like from the kindergarten teacher’s perspective. By inquiring into her own practice, drawing from the literature on classroom talk in the early years, and critically reflecting on vignettes of classroom talk as well as a teaching journal, the author as kindergarten teacher challenges her own assumptions about talk to gain a deeper understanding of its role in a kindergarten classroom. The vignettes, reflective writing and teaching journal act as signposts that map a growing understanding of talk as a tool for learning. These stories help to ground the discussion about talk in practice as well as theory, and provide insights into the challenges and opportunities of using talk for learning in kindergarten.

  2. Time Well Spent in a Kindergarten Class:A Teacher’s Reflection on Using Talk to Learn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Hope-Southcott

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Recent changes in the Ontario curricular expectations for teaching and learning have led the author to re-examine some of her teaching practices, particularly in oral language learning.  In this article, the author explores what learning through talk looks like, sounds like and feels like from the kindergarten teacher’s perspective. By inquiring into her own practice, drawing from the literature on classroom talk in the early years, and critically reflecting on vignettes of classroom talk as well as a teaching journal, the author as kindergarten teacher challenges her own assumptions about talk to gain a deeper understanding of its role in a kindergarten classroom. The vignettes, reflective writing and teaching journal act as signposts that map a growing understanding of talk as a tool for learning. These stories help to ground the discussion about talk in practice as well as theory, and provide insights into the challenges and opportunities of using talk for learning in kindergarten.

  3. Definition of spectrally separable classes for soil survey research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipra, J. E.; Swain, P. H.; Gill, J. H.; Baumgardner, M. F.; Kristof, S. J.

    1972-01-01

    A procedure is outlined for defining spectral classes such that the differences between classes can be quantified. It also facilitates determination of a number of classes such that the classes are spectrally discriminable. This is accomplished by partitioning the data into many classes and then combining similar spectral classes on the basis of appropriate criteria. Multispectral data were collected over a 12-mile flightline in White County, Indiana, in connection with the 1971 Corn Blight Watch Experiment. Data were collected in May by the University of Michigan airborne scanning spectrometer at an altitude of 5000 feet. Spectral maps resulting from the analysis were compared to existing soil surveys of the National Cooperative Soil Survey. The method should help determine the extent to which spectral properties of soil surfaces can be associated with morphologic and topographic differences of interest to soil surveyors engaged in operational soil mapping.

  4. Poisson Manifolds, Lie Algebroids, Modular Classes: a Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvette Kosmann-Schwarzbach

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available After a brief summary of the main properties of Poisson manifolds and Lie algebroids in general, we survey recent work on the modular classes of Poisson and twisted Poisson manifolds, of Lie algebroids with a Poisson or twisted Poisson structure, and of Poisson-Nijenhuis manifolds. A review of the spinor approach to the modular class concludes the paper.

  5. Education for Nursery School and Kindergarten Teachers at 4-Year Universities : A Survey of Public and Private Nursery Schools and Kindergartens in Miyazaki Prefecture

    OpenAIRE

    松原, 由美; マツバラ, ユミ; Yumi, MATSUBARA

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, there has been an increasing need for nursery school as well as kindergarten teachers to receive training on how to the changes in the environments that surround children and families as well as to the diversification of work situations of guardians. From November 2011 to March 2012, at the Review Conference of Nursing Education Curriculums, upon receiving the sudden changes in modern society along with revisions of nursing guidelines and in order to educate nursery teachers ...

  6. Study of kindergarten class security environment creating practice%幼儿园班级安全环境创设的实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘书辉; 赵敏

    2015-01-01

    The kindergarten class security environment is the realistic condition on the child's life, is an important part of children's healthy growth. Kindergarten class security environment creation is the embodiment of the teachers' professional ability, is in order to achieve the goal of children's safety requirements, this article from the children's life activities security environment education teaching activities, and safe environment establishment, the area Angle activity security environment establishment were discussed.%幼儿园班级安全环境作为幼儿在幼儿园生存生活的现实条件,是保证幼儿健康成长的重要组成部分。幼儿园班级安全环境创设既是教师专业能力的体现,又是为了实现幼儿安全目标的要求,本文从幼儿生活活动安全环境创设、教育教学活动安全环境创设、区角活动安全环境创设进行探讨。

  7. Time Well Spent in a Kindergarten Class:A Teacher’s Reflection on Using Talk to Learn

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Hope-Southcott

    2010-01-01

    Recent changes in the Ontario curricular expectations for teaching and learning have led the author to re-examine some of her teaching practices, particularly in oral language learning.  In this article, the author explores what learning through talk looks like, sounds like and feels like from the kindergarten teacher’s perspective. By inquiring into her own practice, drawing from the literature on classroom talk in the early years, and critically reflecting on vignettes of classro...

  8. Chaos in Kindergarten?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilmes, Jenna

    2012-01-01

    Ten percent of kindergartners show behavior problems or disrupt their class. This number triples for at-risk children. And children with self-control problems rarely succeed academically. With all a teacher has to accomplish during the kindergarten year, having students who lack the skills to "do school" is a real challenge. Other students are…

  9. The survey of Cryptosporidium infection among young children in kindergartens in Anhui province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Lu; Chaopin Li; Shan Jiang; Song Ye

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To study the Cryptospondium infection among young children in Anhui province, and to explore the best way to diagnose the disease. Methods: Stool specimens of 1204 children were collected; oocysts of Cryptosporidium were identified with auramine O-modified staining, acid-fast staining, safranine T and methylene blue staining, and auramine O-modified acid-fast staining. Results:The detectable rate of Cryptosporidium in four stainings were respectively 2.46%, 1.50%, 1.98% and 3.46%, and there was a higher significant difference in the rate between auramine O-modified acid-fast staining and the others(P < 0.005). The detectable rate was significantly lower in urban children(2.14%, 15/684) than in rural ones(5.19%, 27/520). Boys and girls had similar detectable rate (1.99%, 24/1 204 vs. 1.50%, 18/1 204). Cryptosporidium infection was usually subclinical, and its major clinical features included benign diarrhea, mild abdominal pain and nausea. Conclusion:Cryptospondium infection was relatively common in kindergartens and a higher infection rate was found in rural children. As the majority of the Cryptosporidium infections were subclinical, diagnosis is important although difficult.

  10. Reimagining Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graue, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The traditional kindergarten program often reflected a rich but generic approach with creative contexts for typical kindergartners organized around materials (manipulatives or dramatic play) or a developmental area (fine motor or language). The purpose of kindergarten reflected beliefs about how children learn, specialized training for…

  11. 园长领导力的现状调查与分析%A Survey and Analysis of the Leadership of the Kindergarten Director

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗丽; 洪秀敏

    2012-01-01

    园长领导力是幼儿园管理与发展的核心问题。通过对我国26个省区市90名园长的问卷调查发现:目前园长领导力的现状不容乐观,园长们主要存在结构领导力、教育领导力、课程和教学指导能力、科研指导能力相对薄弱,规划能力、沟通能力和影响力不高等问题。要想提升园长的领导力,园长应以教育领导者为首要职业角色,努力构建领导共同体和幼儿园共同愿景,加强与高校、科研机构专家以及其他幼儿园之间的联系,等等。%The leadership of kindergarten director is the key to the kindergarten's administration and development. However, the questionnaire survey on 90 directors reveals that the situation of kindergarten director's leadership is not satisfactory. Problems exist in weak organizational leadership, educational leadership, instructive ability of curriculum and teaching guidance ability of scientific research as well as in low capability in planning, communication and influence. To lift the leadership, the kindergarten director, need to recognize his role as the educational leader and construct a leader community and kindergarten prospect, and seek cooperation with universities, research institute and other kindergartens.

  12. 学前教育新理念下的幼儿园特色班级创建的研究%Research on the Creation of Characteristic Class of Kindergarten under the New Concept of Pre-school Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑶; 黄环

    2016-01-01

    特色班级的建设是一种新型的班级管理模式,是当前教育研究的新课题,《幼儿园教育指导纲要》强调:“关注个别差异,促进每个幼儿富有个性的发展。”以建设班级文化为核心,创建富有个性特色的班级,对于营造良好的学习环境,促进幼儿的个性全面发展具有极其重要的作用。本文在采用行动研究法与五所幼儿园合作研究的基础上,提出了幼儿园特色班级创建的价值和实施途径。%Kindergarten Characteristic Classes Creation is a kind of new mode of class management, which is the new issue of education research nowadays. As emphasized in Essentials of Education Guidance in Kindergarten, kindergarten education should pay close attention to children’s individual difference in order to promote their personality development. The creation of characteristic classes centered on the construction of class culture would play an important part in creating a good learning environment and promoting children’s personality development in an all-around way. The article puts forward the value and implementation route of kindergarten characteristic classes creation, based on the cooperative exploration with five kindergartens employing action research method.

  13. The Role of Sports in Kindergarten Teachers' Recreational Habits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozturk, Huseyin

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the role of the sports in the recreational habits of kindergarten teachers. The survey population comprises kindergarten teachers who are employed in the province of Gaziantep. The sample constitutes a total of 378 kindergarten teachers determined by circumstantial method. The survey developed by Tunçel was…

  14. A Class I and Class II Methanol Maser Survey of Extended Green Objects (EGOs) from the GLIMPSE Survey

    CERN Document Server

    Cyganowski, C J; Hunter, T R; Churchwell, E

    2009-01-01

    We present the results of a high angular resolution Very Large Array (VLA) Class I 44 GHz and Class II 6.7 GHz methanol maser survey of a sample of ~20 massive young stellar object (MYSO) outflow candidates selected on the basis of extended 4.5 micron emission in Spitzer Galactic Legacy Infrared Mid-Plane Survey Extraordinaire (GLIMPSE) images. These 4.5 micron-selected candidates are referred to as extended green objects (EGOs), for the common coding of this band as green in three-color IRAC images. The detection rate of 6.7 GHz Class II methanol masers, which are associated exclusively with massive YSOs, towards EGOs is greater than ~64%--nearly double the detection rate of surveys using other MYSO selection criteria. The detection rate of Class I 44 GHz methanol masers, which trace molecular outflows, is ~89% towards EGOs associated with 6.7 GHz methanol masers. The two types of methanol masers exhibit different spatial distributions: 6.7 GHz masers are centrally concentrated and usually coincide with 24 m...

  15. The CLASS blazar survey. I - selection criteria and radio properties

    CERN Document Server

    Marcha, M J M; Browne, I W A; Jackson, N

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents a new complete and well defined sample of Flat Spectrum Radio Sources (FSRS) selected from the CLASS survey with the further constraint of a bright (mag<17.5) optical counterpart. The sample has been designed to produce a large number of low-luminosity blazars in order to test the current unifying models in the low luminosity regime. In this first paper the new sample is presented and the radio properties of the 325 sources contained therein discussed.

  16. The Effects of Computers on Kindergarten Children's Social Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumtepe, Alper T.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of computer use on children's social skills in kindergarten. Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K), conducted by National Center for Educational Statistics, was utilized to analyze differential effects of home and school computer use on kindergarten social…

  17. Gesture in a Kindergarten Mathematics Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elia, Iliada; Evangelou, Kyriacoulla

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies have advocated that mathematical meaning is mediated by gestures. This case study explores the gestures kindergarten children produce when learning spatial concepts in a mathematics classroom setting. Based on a video study of a mathematical lesson in a kindergarten class, we concentrated on the verbal and non-verbal behavior of one…

  18. Gesture in a Kindergarten Mathematics Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elia, Iliada; Evangelou, Kyriacoulla

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies have advocated that mathematical meaning is mediated by gestures. This case study explores the gestures kindergarten children produce when learning spatial concepts in a mathematics classroom setting. Based on a video study of a mathematical lesson in a kindergarten class, we concentrated on the verbal and non-verbal behavior of one…

  19. Kindergarten Animation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinshaw, Craig

    2012-01-01

    Animation is one of the last lessons that come to mind when thinking of kindergarten art. The necessary understanding of sequencing, attention to small, often detailed drawings, and the use of technology all seem more suitable to upper elementary. With today's emphasis on condensing and integrating curriculum, consider developing animation lessons…

  20. Kindergarten Architects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturdevant, Alexandria

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author shares a lesson on architecture she introduced to her kindergarten students. Using wooden blocks as materials, she showed her students how to take on the role of an architect and create their own buildings. This project was beneficial to all students in that they learned to think flexibly and realized that the designs…

  1. Kindergarten Animation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinshaw, Craig

    2012-01-01

    Animation is one of the last lessons that come to mind when thinking of kindergarten art. The necessary understanding of sequencing, attention to small, often detailed drawings, and the use of technology all seem more suitable to upper elementary. With today's emphasis on condensing and integrating curriculum, consider developing animation lessons…

  2. 幼儿园大班语言课堂教学的开放生成性对策研究%Research on Strategies for the Openness and Generation of Language Classroom Teaching for Kindergarten Senior ;Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莹

    2015-01-01

    The language classroom teaching for kindergarten se-nior class should be an open and dynamic process of teach-er-child communication, which is the very reflection of the open-ness and generation of language classroom teaching for kinder-garten senior class. In kindergarten teacher-student communica-tion, the teachers should strengthen their ideological and lan-guage communications with children, actively guide children to answer and inquire questions in language class, so as to give full play to the role of generative education in routine language teach-ing.%幼儿园大班语言课堂教学应该是一个开放的、动态的教师与儿童进行交流的过程,当然这也是幼儿园大班语言课堂教学的开放生成性所在。在幼儿园教师与儿童进行交流的过程中,教师应加强与儿童之间的思想及语言交流,积极引导儿童对语言课堂中的问题进行回答和询问,继而在日常的语言教学过程中充分发挥生成性教育的作用。

  3. Common Sense or Professional Qualifications? Division of Labour in Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinnes, Gerd Sylvi

    2014-01-01

    This article compares the division of labour between kindergarten teachers and assistants in Norwegian kindergartens and discusses the two groups' perceptions of what kind of knowledge is important in order to carry out their tasks. This study is based on a survey representing kindergartens from all over Norway, and is part of a national…

  4. Foundations of Mathematics Achievement: Instructional Practices and Diverse Kindergarten Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bottia, Martha Cecilia; Moller, Stephanie; Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin; Stearns, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    Analyzing Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey--Kindergarten (ECLS-K) data, we examine how exposure to instructional practices influences math test scores at the end of kindergarten for children from different racial/ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds, and for children with different levels of math skills at kindergarten entry. We also analyze…

  5. Questionnaire survey, indoor climate measurements and energy consumption: Concerto initiative. Class1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nellemose Knudsen, H.; Engelund Thomsen, K.; Bergsoee, N.C. [Aalborg Univ., Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut (SBi), Koebenhavn (Denmark); Moerck, O.; Holmegaard Andersen, K. [Cenergia Energy Consultants, Herlev (Denmark)

    2012-12-15

    The municipality of Egedal decided in 2006 to make use of the possibility in the Danish Planning Law for a municipality to tighten the energy requirements in the local plan for a new settlement to be erected in the municipality. During the years 2007-2011 a total of 442 dwellings were to be designed and constructed with a heating demand corresponding to the Danish low-energy standard referred to as ''low-energy class 1'' in a new settlement called Stenloese Syd. This means that the energy consumption is to be 50% lower than the requirement in BR08 (Danish Building Regulations 2008). 66 flats were to be designed and constructed with a yearly heating demand of 15 kWh/m{sup .} Furthermore, the Concerto community include a kindergarten and an activity centre for elderly people. All the single family houses were to be heated by a heat pump supported by a 3 m{sup }thermal solar system for hot water preparation. The dense low-rise housing are to be heated by a district heating network. All dwellings were to be equipped with a mechanical ventilation system with heat recovery and an electronic system for energy monitoring and control of the heating systems. The first houses were occupied in 2008. This report presents part of the results of an evaluation of the project that was performed in the settlement. The evaluation consisted of a questionnaire survey of occupant experiences and satisfaction in 35 single-family houses, measurements of energy consumption in 22 selected single-family houses and 58 flats, and measurements, assessments, and a series of physical measurements of selected indoor climate parameters in 7 selected single-family houses during March 2012. (Author)

  6. The CLASS blazar survey: testing the blazar sequence

    CERN Document Server

    Caccianiga, A

    2004-01-01

    We discuss the properties of the sources in the CLASS Blazar survey which aims at the selection of low radio power (P(5GHz)<10^25 W Hz^-1) blazars. We use VLA data from available catalogues and from our own observations to constrain the radio core-dominance of the sample which, together with the flat radio spectral index, is a signature of the blazar activity. X-ray data from the ROSAT All Sky Survey were also collected in order to constrain the radio-to-X-ray luminosity ratio (alpha_RX) of the sources. The data analysis shows that more than 30% of sources at low radio power (P(5 GHz)<10^25 W Hz^-1) have an alpha_RX steeper than that expected in the framework of the ``blazar sequence'' recently put forward to unify the high and low power blazars. The possibility that this result is influenced by contaminating sources in the current sample is discussed. The conclusion is that, even if a number of non-blazars (typically CSO/GPS sources) are expected in the survey, it is unlikely that this constitutes the ...

  7. Annual ADEA Survey of Dental School Seniors: 2016 Graduating Class.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanchek, Tanya; Cook, Bryan J; Valachovic, Richard W

    2017-05-01

    This report examines the results of the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Survey of Dental School Seniors graduating in 2016. Data were collected from 4,558 respondents at all 59 U.S. dental schools with graduating classes that year. This annual survey asks graduating students about a variety of topics in order to understand their motivation for attending dental school, educational experiences while in school, debt incurred, and plans following graduation. Motivations for choosing to attend dental school typically involved family or friends who were dentists or students' personal experiences. The timing of the decision to enter dentistry has been getting earlier over time. Similar to previous years, the average graduating student had above $200,000 in student debt. However, for the first time in two decades, inflation-adjusted debt decreased slightly. The reduction in debt was due to students from private schools reducing their average debt by $23,401. Immediately after graduation, most seniors planned to enter private practice (50.5%) or advanced dental education (33.8%). Approximately half of the respondents planned to work in underserved areas at some point in their careers. These findings underscore the continued value of the senior survey to offer a unique view of the diverse characteristics and career paths of the future dental workforce.

  8. Which Early Care and Education Centers Participate in Head Start or Public Pre-Kindergarten? National Survey of Early Care & Education. Technical Report. OPRE Report 2015-92a

    Science.gov (United States)

    Administration for Children & Families, 2015

    2015-01-01

    This report draws on newly available data from the National Survey of Early Care and Education (NSECE) to describe early care and education (ECE) centers that participate in two prominent publicly-funded ECE initiatives: Head Start and publicly-funded pre-kindergarten. Although a great deal is known about Head Start programs, and there are sources…

  9. A General Approach for Associating Standardized Vegetation Classes with Survey Locations

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Linking natural resources surveys to a standardized set of vegetation classes increases the long-term value of the survey data and supports data analysis at broad...

  10. Teaching and learning English in kindergartens in Kaohsiung

    OpenAIRE

    Chuang, Mei-Ling

    2001-01-01

    Learning English is very popular in Taiwan. This is evident by the increasing number of English cram schools for children and adults in Taiwan. The market for English learning and teaching is so vast that many kindergartens in Taiwan offer English classes, too. The purpose of this study is to investigate the situation of English learning and teaching in Kaohsiung's kindergartens. Since kindergarten children are very young, age is an important concern. There have been innumerable studies on ag...

  11. Arizona Academic Standards: Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arizona Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for kindergarten. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Kindergarten; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Readiness (Kindergarten); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Readiness…

  12. Exploring Cultural Heritage in a Kindergarten Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Lynn E.

    2009-01-01

    Preschool and kindergarten classes in the United States are entering a time of unprecedented diversity and demographic transformation. Teachers must plan and implement a curriculum that reflects, supports, and values the varieties of cultural backgrounds, religious affiliations, socioeconomic classes, and language groups that children represent.…

  13. Effects of Pre-Kindergarten Music Instruction on Kindergarten Reading and Math Scores for Low SES ELL Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Robert Charles

    2010-01-01

    Learning gaps exist between economic and ethnic subgroups. This quasi-experimental study examined the effects of a pre-kindergarten music class on kindergarten math and reading scores. The research involved three metropolitan elementary schools where nearly 90% of the students participated in free and reduced lunch and approximately half of the…

  14. The State of Business Communication Classes: A National Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moshiri, Farrokh; Cardon, Peter

    2014-01-01

    This nationwide study of 169 business communication instructors examines the following issues: (a) ideal and actual class sizes in business communication courses, (b) delivery modes of business communication courses, (c) types of written and oral assignments, and (d) topics covered and depth of coverage. Findings suggest that business…

  15. The State of Business Communication Classes: A National Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moshiri, Farrokh; Cardon, Peter

    2014-01-01

    This nationwide study of 169 business communication instructors examines the following issues: (a) ideal and actual class sizes in business communication courses, (b) delivery modes of business communication courses, (c) types of written and oral assignments, and (d) topics covered and depth of coverage. Findings suggest that business…

  16. The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) for Use in Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semsar, Katharine; Knight, Jennifer K.; Birol, Gulnur; Smith, Michelle K.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a newly adapted instrument for measuring novice-to-expert-like perceptions about biology: the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey for Biology (CLASS-Bio). Consisting of 31 Likert-scale statements, CLASS-Bio probes a range of perceptions that vary between experts and novices, including enjoyment of the discipline,…

  17. The Main Factors of the Attitudes of Greek Kindergarten Teachers towards Information and Communication Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaranis, Nicholas; Oikonomidis, Vassilios

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the main factors of Greek kindergarten teachers' attitudes towards information and communication technology (ICT) in kindergarten. This two-phase survey was carried out in 2007 and 2012 and used 383 and 295 participants respectively. The participants in both groups were drawn from kindergarten teachers in…

  18. 在互动式听课中提升幼儿园教育教学管理水平%Ascension of Kindergarten Education Teaching Management Level in the Interactive Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何彦明

    2014-01-01

    The active is the nature of children,to let the children like high school students to listen to the teacher carefully in class is not possible,preschool teachers must according to the psychological characteristics of children,take corresponding teaching measures to attract his attention,enhance interest in learning,to raise the level of wang. And disconnection between managers and teachers make teachers’ teaching activities and administrators of teaching management is limited by some of the event,strengthen communication and contact between them,the construction of a harmonious relationship,helps to enhance the level of the kindergarten education teaching management.An interactive mode in class,elaborated its important role in the kindergarten education teaching management.%好动是幼儿的天性,要想让幼儿像中学生一样在课堂上认真听课是不可能的,幼儿教师必须根据幼儿的心理特点,采取相应的教学措施,吸引其注意力,提升学习兴趣,从而提高保教水平。而管理者与教师的脱节使得教师的教学活动和管理者的教学管理活动受到一些限制,加强他们之间的交流和联系、构建和谐关系,有助于提升幼儿园教育教学管理水平。提出互动式听课模式,详细阐述其在幼儿园教育教学管理中的重要作用。

  19. Kindergarten Teachers Speak out: "Too Much, Too Soon, Too Fast!"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallant, Patricia A.

    2009-01-01

    This article presents results of a study of 229 kindergarten teachers who completed a survey designed to gather information about the current state of Michigan kindergartens. In addition to detailed data that reveals teachers' literacy instructional practices, teachers provided written responses to the following open-ended questions: What are the…

  20. Kindergarten Teachers Speak out: "Too Much, Too Soon, Too Fast!"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallant, Patricia A.

    2009-01-01

    This article presents results of a study of 229 kindergarten teachers who completed a survey designed to gather information about the current state of Michigan kindergartens. In addition to detailed data that reveals teachers' literacy instructional practices, teachers provided written responses to the following open-ended questions: What are the…

  1. Improving Mathematics Teaching in Kindergarten with Realistic Mathematical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadakis, Stamatios; Kalogiannakis, Michail; Zaranis, Nicholas

    2017-01-01

    The present study investigates and compares the influence of teaching Realistic Mathematics on the development of mathematical competence in kindergarten. The sample consisted of 231 Greek kindergarten students. For the implementation of the survey, we conducted an intervention, which included one experimental and one control group. Children in…

  2. Science in montessori kindergarten

    OpenAIRE

    Petač, Urška

    2016-01-01

    The first part of the thesis Science in Montessori kindergarten describes the Curriculum for kindergarten, national document, based on which teachers plan their educational work in kindergarten. It contains presentation of some global aims of primary science, and also descriptions of proposed activities for this area. It includes presentation of a constructivist way of teaching, which helps children to see nature as a place, where they can freely explore on their own initiative. Simultaneousl...

  3. A 95 GHz Class I Methanol Maser Survey Toward GLIMPSE Extended Green Objects (EGOs)

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Xi; Shen, Zhi-Qiang; Titmarsh, Anita; Gan, Cong-Gui

    2011-01-01

    We report the results of a systematic survey for 95 GHz class I methanol masers towards a new sample of 192 massive young stellar object (MYSO) candidates associated with ongoing outflows (known as extended green objects or EGOs) identified from the Spitzer GLIMPSE survey. The observations were made with the Australia Telescope National Facility (ATNF) Mopra 22-m radio telescope and resulted in the detection of 105 new 95 GHz class I methanol masers. For 92 of the sources our observations provide the first identification of a class I maser transition associated with these objects (i.e. they are new class I methanol maser sources). Our survey proves that there is indeed a high detection rate (55%) of class I methanol masers towards EGOs. Comparison of the GLIMPSE point sources associated with EGOs with and without class I methanol maser detections shows they have similar mid-IR colors, with the majority meeting the color selection criteria -0.6<[5.8]-[8.0]<1.4 and 0.5<[3.6]-[4.5]<4.0. Investigation...

  4. Effects of Sequenced Kodaly Literacy-Based Music Instruction on the Spatial Reasoning Skills of Kindergarten Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Marlene

    2003-01-01

    This study was an investigation of the effects of sequenced Kodaly literacy-based music instruction on the spatial reasoning skills of kindergarten students. Subjects in the pretest-posttest control group design were 54 kindergarten students who were enrolled in three kindergarten classes in a rural elementary community school. Experimental group…

  5. A VLA Survey of Orion Class 0 Protostars at 30 AU Resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karnath, Nicole; Tobin, John J.; Booker, Joseph J.; Guilfoil Cox, Erin; Diaz-Rodriguez, Ana; Kama, MIHKEL; Li, Zhi-Yun; Looney, Leslie; Melis, Carl; Murillo, Nadia; Persson, Magnus; Reynolds, Nick; Sadavoy, Sarah; Segura-Cox, Dominique; Stephenson, Brian; Megeath, Samuel Thomas

    2017-06-01

    We present initial results from the VANDAM:Orion survey, a VLA survey of Class 0 protostars in Orion. Disks and multiple systems are thought to originate early in the star formation process, when the protostars are deeply embedded in dense envelopes. The VANDAM survey of the Perseus molecular cloud demonstrated that VLA Ka-band (33 GHz) observations can resolve disks and companions around Class 0 protostars, providing the means to study the incidence and separations of companions, and the properties of disks during the first 100,000 years of protostellar evolution. The VANDAM:Orion survey targets 92 Class 0 protostars in the Orion Molecular clouds, the largest population of Class 0 objects within 500 pc of the Sun. These were selected from protostars characterized by the Herschel Orion Protostar Survey, or HOPS, which assembled 1.6-870 micron SEDs of 319 protostars in the Orion A and B molecular clouds. VANDAM:Orion not only triples the number of Class 0 protostars observed with the VLA , as compared to the original VANDAM survey, but also samples the diverse environments found in the Orion clouds. VANDAM:Orion also includes 38 Class I protostars found near the targeted Class 0 objects.VANDAM:Orion initially carried out VLA observations in the C-array to determine their fluxes in the Ka-band (33 GHZ). The subsequent A-array observations then imaged the protostars with a resolution of 0.08”/34 AU. The entire sample has now been observed and reduced. We will overview the detection statistics and show examples of multiple systems and disks around Orion Class 0 protostars. The VLA images will also be compared to images from a recent ALMA 850 micron snapshot survey of all Orion protostars characterized by HOPS. Many sources appear opaque to ALMA at 870 μm, but the dust is optically thin for the VLA, enabling it to detect structure that ALMA cannot. Finally, we will discuss the prospects of VANDAM:Orion for characterizing the role of environment in the formation of

  6. Kindergarten students' cognitive engagement in science learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Meng-Fang

    The study is based on a secondary analysis of data from the 3rd year of the Scientific Literacy Project (SLP), a federally funded research project that examines how kindergarten students learn science in inquiry settings (Mantzicopoulos, Patrick, & Samarapungavan, 2005). Videotapes of classroom lessons implemented as part of the Year 3 intervention were analyzed to identify kindergarten students' patterns of cognitive engagement during inquiry-based science learning, as well as to identify patterns of teacher discourse that promoted students' cognitive engagement. The data for the current study were drawn from videotapes and transcriptions of classroom discourse in 3 intervention classrooms that participated in the SLP. Three teachers and 55 kindergarten students participated in the study. Twelve categories of kindergarten students' cognitive engagement and eleven categories of teacher discourse were identified. The initial 12 student and 11 teacher discourse categories were further grouped into two superordinate categories (Higher Order and Basic) respectively. Chi Square analyses indicated that there was a statistically significant association between student and teacher superordinate discourse (alpha = .05). MANOVA analyses indicated that there was no significant difference on overall rates of kindergarten students' cognitive engagement by class (alpha = .05).

  7. Effects of the Age Structure of the Kindergarten on Altruistic Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bizman, Aharon; And Others

    1978-01-01

    It was hypothesized that children in age-heterogeneous kindergartens would be more prone to behave altruistically than would children in age-homogeneous kindergartens. It was found that children who were studying in heterogeneous classes were more altruistic than were children from homogeneous classes. (Author)

  8. Does the Use of Cuisenaire Rods in Kindergarten, First and Second Grades Upgrade Arithmetic Achievement?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dairy, Lorna

    This study is the final report of a three year project to find out if the use of Cuisenaire rods in kindergarten, first, and second grades upgrades arithmetic achievement. Both experimental and control schools enrolled children with average ability who came from lower middle class homes. Children in the experimental kindergarten classes were…

  9. The Expansion of Kindergarten Instruction and Prekindergarten Programs in Disadvantaged Areas of New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center for Urban Education, New York, NY.

    This investigation was designed to provide the data to be used in a preliminary evaluative description of New York City's expanded prekindergarten and kindergarten programs funded under Title I. Data were collected from 20 randomly selected kindergarten classes in ten schools and ten prekindergarten classes in six schools through the use of…

  10. Rethinking Inclusion as Mundanity: Insights from an Experimental Bilingual Kindergarten Classe LSF at École Maternelle Gabriel Sajus in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valente, Joseph Michael

    2017-01-01

    In this article, I demonstrate how hybrid language practices allow for children to make use of their full linguistic repertoire in negotiating the social and communicative demands of the school environment (Axelrod in "Early Child Educ J," p 1-8, 2014). I argue that the unusual case of classe LSF and École Maternelle Gabriel Sajus…

  11. An Organizational Perspective on the Origins of Instructional Segregation: School Composition and Use of Within-Class Ability Grouping in American Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buttaro, Anthony, Jr.; Catsambis, Sophia; Mulkey, Lynn M.; Steelman, Lala Carr

    2010-01-01

    Background: This investigation was sparked by research findings on secondary education showing school segregation to be closely associated with homogeneous grouping practices, such as tracking and between-class ability grouping. Research Design: We conduct secondary analyses of national data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten…

  12. SURVEY ON THE PREVENTIVE DISINFECTION QUALITY IN NURSERIES AND KINDERGARTENS OF FUYANG%富阳市托幼机构预防性消毒质量调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛金芳; 陆栩梁; 陈昌可

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解富阳市托幼机构预防性消毒质量,以加强托幼机构预防性消毒管理.方法 采用现场调查和采样检测方法,对富阳市托幼机构消毒质量进行连续监测.结果 2003-2012年连续10年监测,富阳市托幼机构消毒质量总合格率为93.11%.不同年度间消毒质量合格率时有波动,但无规律性变化.平均合格率较低的是工作人员和幼儿手卫生质量.不同类型托幼机构消毒质量无显著差异.结论 富阳市托幼机构卫生消毒质量总体较好,但教职工手和紫外线辐射强度合格率相对较低,应重点加强管理.%Objective To investigate the preventive disinfection quality and to strengthen the prevention disinfection management in nurseries and kindergartens of Fuyang. Methods On - site investigation and sampling survey methods were used to conduct continuous monitoring of the disinfection quality in nurseries and kindergartens of Fuyang. Results From 2003 to 2012, the total qualified rate of the disinfection quality was 93. 11%. The qualified rate of the disinfection quality in different years was fluctuation, but irregularity. The average qualified rate of the disinfection quality was lower in the staff and children's hands. There were not significant differences of the disinfection quality in the different types of nurseries and kindergartens. Conclusion In general, the disinfection quality in nurseries and kindergartens of Fuyang is good, but the qualified rate of the staff's hands and UV lamp radiation intensity is relatively low. So we should focus on strengthening management.

  13. Factors influencing dental students' specialty choice: a survey of ten graduating classes at one institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Jane H; Kinnunen, Taru H; Zarchy, Marisa; Da Silva, John D; Chang, Brian Myung W; Wright, Robert F

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this study was to survey ten graduating classes at Harvard School of Dental Medicine regarding students' specialty choice and factors influencing that choice. Students were surveyed once in 2008 (for the Classes of 2007-11) and again in 2013 (for the Classes of 2012-16). A prior article reported results regarding students' interest in and experiences with prosthodontics; this article presents results regarding their interest in all dental specialties and factors influencing those interests. Of a total 176 students in the Classes of 2012-16, 143 responded to the survey, for a response rate of 81%, compared to a 95% response rate (167 of total 176 students) for the Classes of 2007-11. The results showed that orthodontics was the most popular specialty choice, followed by oral and maxillofacial surgery. From the 2008 to the 2013 survey groups, there was an increase in the percentages of students planning to pursue oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, and postdoctoral general dentistry. The educational debt these students expected to accrue by graduation also increased. The largest percentage of students chose "enjoyment of providing the specialty service" as the factor most influencing their specialty choice. "Prior dental school experience" and "faculty influence" were greater influences for students pursuing specialties than those pursuing postdoctoral general dentistry. Increased interest in particular disciplines may be driven by high debt burdens students face upon graduation. Factors related to mentoring especially influenced students pursuing specialties, demonstrating the importance of student experiences outside direct patient care for exposure to the work of specialists beyond the scope of predoctoral training. This finding suggests that dental schools should increase mentoring efforts to help students make career decisions based not on financial burden but rather on personal interest in the specialty, which is likely to have a

  14. Occupational Values and Career Expectations of Pre-service Male Kindergarten Teachers:A Questionnaire Survey of 100 First-batch Male Kindergarten Education Students in Suzhou%职前幼儿园男教师的职业价值观与职业期望--对苏州首届百名幼师专业男学生的问卷调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟

    2013-01-01

    By means of a questionnaire survey, this paper attempts to f ind out the occupational values and career expectations of 100 ifrst-batch male kindergarten education students in Suzhou after over two years’ professional training. Then the paper puts forward some practical proposals concerning issues such as male kindergarten teachers’ job entry proportion and job adaptation.%通过问卷调查,了解经过两年多专业学习后的苏州首批百名幼师专业男生的职业价值观,和他们对幼儿园男教师这一职业的未来价值期望,对幼儿园男教师入职比例、入职适应等方面的提高提出一些可行性的建议。

  15. Development and results from a survey on students views of experiments in lab classes and research

    CERN Document Server

    Zwickl, Benjamin M; Finkelstein, Noah; Lewandowski, H J

    2013-01-01

    The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey for Experimental Physics (E-CLASS) was developed as a broadly applicable assessment tool for undergraduate physics lab courses. At the beginning and end of the semester, the E-CLASS assesses students views about their strategies, habits of mind, and attitudes when doing experiments in lab classes. Students also reflect on how those same strategies, habits-of-mind, and attitudes are practiced by professional researchers. Finally, at the end of the semester, students reflect on how their own course valued those practices in terms of earning a good grade. In response to frequent calls to transform laboratory curricula to more closely align it with the skills and abilities needed for professional research, the E-CLASS is a tool to assess students' perceptions of the gap between classroom laboratory instruction and professional research. The E-CLASS has been validated and administered in all levels of undergraduate physics classes. To aid in its use as a formati...

  16. Ontario Kindergarten Teachers' Social Media Discussions about Full Day Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Meghan

    2014-01-01

    This exploratory netnographic study describes how a sample of Ontario kindergarten teachers perceive the new Ontario Full Day Kindergarten (FDK) curriculum. Discussions from teacher message boards, the comment sections of online news articles, and interviews with kindergarten teachers were analyzed and coded using a qualitative approach. Analysis…

  17. Kindergarten food familiarization. An exploratory study of teachers' perspectives on food and nutrition in kindergartens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Meghan

    2015-04-01

    This exploratory study employed a netnographic approach (netnography being a research methodology that adopts the practices of ethnography in an Internet-based setting) to reveal opportunities for kindergarten food familiarization. The study analyses kindergarten teachers' discussions on seven Internet message boards regarding the various food and nutrition experiences in their classes. Semi-structured interviews were then conducted with seven kindergarten teachers to explore further the message board findings. Five opportunities for how food familiarization occurs in kindergartens emerged from the analysis. These opportunities were categorized as being either "overt": (1) nutrition lessons, (2) snack times, (3) cooking experiences, or "covert" (4) food as teaching materials, and (5) dramatic play centres. Overt refers to any opportunity centred on food, healthy eating, or nutrition, whereas covert refers to opportunities where food was involved but in a non-exclusive manner. The five opportunities are examined and discussed in terms of their implications for children's food preference development. Results should be useful for future researchers for two main reasons. First, the results demonstrate the wide variety of food and nutrition experiences kindergarten students encounter throughout the day, beyond healthy eating interventions or foods served during meals. And second, because the findings are preliminary they require further research using various methods of data collection and samples of teachers. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Kindergarten Brings up Healthy Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    THE Dongjiao Kindergarten, a boarding school attached to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, was established in 1950 under the care of former Premier Zhou Enlai. At that time young mothers usually went to work abroad after their 56-day maternity leave, leaving their children in kindergarten. So from its inception the kindergarten aimed at combining nursing school with

  19. The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) for use in Biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semsar, Katharine; Knight, Jennifer K; Birol, Gülnur; Smith, Michelle K

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a newly adapted instrument for measuring novice-to-expert-like perceptions about biology: the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey for Biology (CLASS-Bio). Consisting of 31 Likert-scale statements, CLASS-Bio probes a range of perceptions that vary between experts and novices, including enjoyment of the discipline, propensity to make connections to the real world, recognition of conceptual connections underlying knowledge, and problem-solving strategies. CLASS-Bio has been tested for response validity with both undergraduate students and experts (biology PhDs), allowing student responses to be directly compared with a consensus expert response. Use of CLASS-Bio to date suggests that introductory biology courses have the same challenges as introductory physics and chemistry courses: namely, students shift toward more novice-like perceptions following instruction. However, students in upper-division biology courses do not show the same novice-like shifts. CLASS-Bio can also be paired with other assessments to: 1) examine how student perceptions impact learning and conceptual understanding of biology, and 2) assess and evaluate how pedagogical techniques help students develop both expertise in problem solving and an expert-like appreciation of the nature of biology.

  20. SURVEY ON THE HAND HYGIENE SITUATION OF KINDERGARTENS IN BEIJING%北京市托幼机构手卫生状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔宏; 邓小虹; 李凤玲; 王劲

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解北京市托幼机构工作人员与幼儿手卫生现状,为规范托幼机构消毒卫生管理提供参考.方法 通过现场调查和采样检测方法,对北京市36家托幼机构工作人员及幼儿日常手卫生措施和消毒质量进行了监测与分析.结果 所调查的托幼机构有78%以上用流动水洗手和毛巾擦干,所有擦手毛巾都是专人专用.托幼机构工作人员和幼儿手卫生质量合格率为86.97%,擦手毛巾卫生质量合格率为97.92%.结论 北京市托幼机构工作人员和幼儿手卫生措施主要是流动水洗手,卫生质量较好,但仍有部分托幼机构未培养幼儿良好的洗手习惯.%Objective To investigate the staff and children's hand hygiene status and to provide reference for the regulation of disinfection management in kindergartens of Beijing. Methods On - site investigation and sampling examination method were used to conduct monitoring and analysis of staff and children's daily hand hygiene and disinfection quality in 36 childcare institutions. Results More than 78% of the investigated kindergartens washed hands with flow wash and dried hands with towel. All hand towels were special person. The qualified rate of childcare staff and children's hand hygiene was 86. 97% and that of hand towel sanitary quality was 97. 92% . Conclusion Washing hands with flow water is the main hand hygiene measures of childcare institutions in Beijing and their hand hygiene quality is good. But still some kindergartens have not cultivated the good habit of children to wash their hands.

  1. Family and Sociodemographic Predictors of School Readiness among African American Boys in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Claire E.; Cameron, Claire E.; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Grissmer, David

    2012-01-01

    Research Findings: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, were used to examine the relation between parenting, sociodemographic characteristics, and school readiness among (N = 1,136) African American boys in kindergarten. Parenting was defined as parenting style (i.e., warmth and control), home learning…

  2. RE-AIM Analysis of a School-Based Nutrition Education Intervention in Kindergarteners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Andrew L.; Liao, Yue; Alberts, Janel; Huh, Jimi; Robertson, Trina; Dunton, Genevieve F.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Few nutrition interventions in kindergarten classes have been evaluated, and none has been tested for program effectiveness, implementation, and dissemination. Building a Healthy Me (BHM) is a nutrition intervention for kindergarteners that is classroom-based and includes a family component. This study evaluated the public health…

  3. Mind Maps to Modify Lack of Attention among Saudi Kindergarten Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daghistan, Bulquees Ismail Abdul Majid

    2016-01-01

    This research study aims at investigating the impact of Mind Maps on modifying the lack of attention in Arabic language class among Saudi Kindergarten children. To achieve the goals of this study the researcher used an experimental design with a random sample from AlRae'd Kindergarten's children in Riyadh -Saudi Arabia for the academic year…

  4. The Effects of a Kindergarten and Second-Grade Partnership on Student Reading Skills and Attitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Druyor, Peggy S.

    2012-01-01

    Improving student reading skill and attitudes toward reading creates challenges in the classroom. The purpose of this research was to study the effect of reading partnerships on the reading skills and attitudes of kindergarten and second-grade students. Participants included two kindergarten and two second-grade intact classes in a pretest…

  5. Foregone Opportunities: Unveiling Teacher Expectancy Effects in Kindergarten Using Counterfactual Predictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyun Sik

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class 1998-1999 of the United States, this article evaluates teacher expectancy effects on achievement growth in kindergarten. We attempt to disentangle teacher expectancy effects from omitted variable bias or predictive validity by exploiting counterfactual predictions in…

  6. Family- and Classroom-Related Factors and Mother-Kindergarten Teacher Trust in Estonia and Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikas, Eve; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Pakarinen, Eija; Poikonen, Pirjo-Liisa

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the role of family-related (mother's education, depressive symptoms and child's gender) and kindergarten-related (teacher's experience, teaching practices and class size) factors in mothers' and teachers' mutual trust in Estonia and Finland. Six hundred eighteen (206 Estonian and 412 Finnish) mothers of kindergarten children…

  7. RE-AIM Analysis of a School-Based Nutrition Education Intervention in Kindergarteners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Andrew L.; Liao, Yue; Alberts, Janel; Huh, Jimi; Robertson, Trina; Dunton, Genevieve F.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Few nutrition interventions in kindergarten classes have been evaluated, and none has been tested for program effectiveness, implementation, and dissemination. Building a Healthy Me (BHM) is a nutrition intervention for kindergarteners that is classroom-based and includes a family component. This study evaluated the public health…

  8. An Analysis of Teacher-children Emotional Interaction in the Kindergarten Junior Class%幼儿园小班师幼情感互动分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨翠美

    2012-01-01

    师幼情感互动研究是师幼互动研究的一个重要内容。本研究通过现场观察,采用事件取样法获得285例小班师幼情感互动事件.从互动的发起者、互动的主题以及互动的情感性质三个维度对这285例互动事件进行了深入分析。研究结果发现:(1)教师开启的互动远多于幼儿开启的互动。(2)教师开启的互动中带有负性情感的占比最大。(3)幼儿开启的互动中带有进取性情感的占比最大。在此基础上,研究者提出了优化小班师幼情感互动的一些建议。%The teacher-children emotional interaction is an important aspect of teacher-children interaction. The researcher selected 285 teacher-child emotional interactive events in junior class through observation and made a deep analysis of these events from the perspective of the initiator, the theme, and the nature of interaction. The results found out: (1) the teacher initiated more interactions than children; (2) negative emotion took the highest percentage in interaction initiated by the teacher; (3) positive emotion took the highest percentage in interaction initiated by children. Based on these discoveries, the researcher made some suggestions to optimize teacher-children emotional interaction.

  9. 560名幼儿家长对子女躯体暴力调查%Physical violence against children ,a survey in 560 kindergarten children's parents/guardians

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖晚晴; 陈晶琦

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the prevalence of physical violence against children by kindergarten children's parents/guardians; to explore the associations between relevant factors and physical violence by parents/guardians.[Method] Anonymous self-administered questionnaires were used to investigate parents' or guardians' physical violence against children in 2 kindergartens in a county of Hunan province. [Results] Of 560 parents/guardians, 77.7% reported they had maltreated their children physically during the past 3 months before the survey, and about one-fifth of maltreatment was severe violence. Boys were more likely to experience physical violence by their parents/guardians, and the rates of physical violence were significantly higher among female parents/guardians, housewives/unemployed/retired parents/guardians, and parents/guardians with low level of education or with the experience of childhood physical maltreatment. [Conclusion] Physical violence against children of kindergarten by their parents/guardians is prevalent, and it is urgent to promote community-based activities about physical violence prevention among the parents/guardians.%[目的]了解幼儿家长对儿童实施躯体暴力行为的发生情况,探讨可能与家长躯体暴力相关的因素.[方法]采用不记名自填式问卷方法,对湖南省某县城2所幼儿园小班、中班幼儿家长进行问卷调查. [结果]被调查的560名家长中,在调查前的最近3个月内有77.7%的家长对子女实施过躯体暴力,其中重度躯体暴力约占1/5(90/435).男童、家长为女性、家长处于无职业状态、家长文化程度较低、家长有童年期被虐待经历等,是家长对儿童躯体暴力行为的危险因素. [结论]在所调查的幼儿家长中,对子女的躯体暴力问题十分普遍.急需在家长中开展以社区为基础的预防躯体暴力活动.

  10. Teachers' knowledge, beliefs, self-efficacy, and implementation of early childhood learning standards in science and math in prekindergarten and kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierro, Rebekah Chace

    Teacher self-efficacy and teacher beliefs play salient roles in science and math education with in-service teachers. This study seeks to understand the relationship between teacher knowledge, beliefs, and self-efficacy about science and math education in prekindergarten and kindergarten classrooms. The Prekindergarten and Kindergarten Science and Math Standards and Self-Efficacy Surveys were created to measure teacher knowledge of curriculum standards, beliefs of teaching skills, level of self-efficacy, and frequency of activities in classrooms for science and math, respectively. The self-report surveys were completed by 53 prekindergarten and 30 kindergarten teachers to examine the relationship that their knowledge of science and math standards, beliefs of science and math teaching skills, and level of science and math self-efficacy have on the frequency of science and math activities conducted in their classrooms. Beliefs of science and math teaching skills were related significantly to the reported frequency of science and math activities in prekindergarten and for science activities in kindergarten. Years of teaching prekindergarten was associated significantly with increased science and math activities. Teacher education was not associated with frequency of science or math activities. Findings revealed the more prekindergarten teachers enjoyed their science classes and math workshops the more they reported conducting science and math activities in the classroom. Both prekindergarten and kindergarten teachers reported that the less they enjoyed their previous math classes, the more time they spent on math activities in their classrooms. Results from this study have implications for professional development regarding science and math pedagogy and content knowledge.

  11. Complex Counting in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sci, Eve; Kircher, Kristen Sendrowski; Shook, Heather

    2016-01-01

    A team of teachers from the same New York City public school met to discuss and compare the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) to their current math curriculum. The group consisted of four kindergarten teachers, a representative from the first-grade teaching team, and the school's math coach. During the first meeting, the…

  12. Music Curriculum for Kindergarten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picht, Harriet

    This kindergarten music curriculum provides a year-long program of a sequenced series of activities designed to develop music concepts. Topics of the units in this guide are: self-concept (beginning of the year), fall, Halloween, Thanksgiving, Christmas, winter, a circus, Valentine's Day, spring, and farms. A scope and sequence chart of concepts…

  13. Colorful Kindergarten Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobick, Bryna; Wheeler, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    Developing kindergarten lessons can be very challenging, especially at the beginning of the school year when many students are just learning to cut paper and hold crayons. The author's favorite beginning unit of the year is "mice paintings," a practical introduction to drawing, color theory, and painting. This unit also incorporates children's…

  14. Newspaper Scramble; Attending to Learning Styles in Academic Tasks; Integrating Vocabulary and Poetry; Developing Automatization with In-Class Surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgoyne, Christine Wright; Turton, Dawn; Paulus, Trena M.; Brantner-Artenie, Donette; Norstrom, Bjorn; Crawford, Michael J.

    2000-01-01

    Provides four techniques for teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language. These include a newspaper scramble, a focus on learning styles, learning vocabulary through poetry, and an in-class survey. (Author/VWL)

  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: The CLASS blazar survey. I. (Marcha+, 2001)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcha, M. J.; Caccianiga, A.; Browne, I. W. A.; Jackson, N.

    2002-04-01

    This paper presents a new complete and well-defined sample of flat-spectrum radio sources (FSRS) selected from the Cosmic Lens All-Sky Survey (CLASS), with the further constraint of a bright (mag<=17.5) optical counterpart. The sample has been designed to produce a large number of low-luminosity blazars in order to test the current unifying models in the low-luminosity regime. In this first paper the new sample is presented and the radio properties of the 325 sources contained therein are discussed. (1 data file).

  16. Weeds: a CLASS extension for the analysis of millimeter and sub-millimeter spectral surveys

    CERN Document Server

    Maret, S; Pety, J; Bardeau, S; Reynier, E

    2010-01-01

    The advent of large instantaneous bandwidth receivers and high spectral resolution spectrometers on (sub-)millimeter telescopes has opened up the possibilities for unbiased spectral surveys. Because of the large amount of data they contain, any analysis of these surveys requires dedicated software tools. Here we present an extension of the widely used CLASS software that we developed to that purpose. This extension, named Weeds, allows for searches in atomic and molecular lines databases (e.g. JPL or CDMS) that may be accessed over the internet using a virtual observatory (VO) compliant protocol. The package permits a quick navigation across a spectral survey to search for lines of a given species. Weeds is also capable of modeling a spectrum, as often needed for line identification. We expect that Weeds will be useful for analyzing and interpreting the spectral surveys that will be done with the HIFI instrument on board Herschel, but also observations carried-out with ground based millimeter and sub-millimet...

  17. Twins and Kindergarten Separation: Divergent Beliefs of Principals, Teachers, Parents, and Twins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Lynn Melby

    2015-01-01

    Should principals enforce mandatory separation of twins in kindergarten? Do school separation beliefs of principals differ from those of teachers, parents of twins, and twins themselves? This survey questioned 131 elementary principals, 54 kindergarten teachers, 201 parents of twins, and 112 twins. A majority of principals (71%) believed that…

  18. Survey on Diet and Nutrition Situation of Children in Kindergartens of Lanzhou in 2010%2010年兰州市幼儿园儿童营养状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 王玉

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解现阶段兰州市幼儿园膳食模式和膳食营养状况.方法 采用称重连续5 d进行膳食调查,参照及进行评价.结果 调查对象膳食结构以谷类、薯类为主,奶类、大豆及坚果类、鱼、虾类摄入不足;三大营养素供热比存在脂肪供能比例低,碳水化合物供能比例高;热量(79.86%)、脂肪(78.16%)、蛋白质(78.67%)、维生素A(78.35%)、维生素B1(78.57%)、维生素B2(57.14%)、钙(39.45%)、碘(12.67%)、镁(75.94%)、锌(60.67%)、硒(73.40%)不足RNI的80%;优质蛋白质、血红素铁的膳食来源比例低;三餐一点供能比例不合适,早餐供能比低,午餐供能比例高.结论 幼儿园儿童膳食营养分布和搭配不合理,营养状况有待改善,需增加奶类、鱼虾等海产品、动物性食物摄入量,在早、中餐之间加一餐点,采用"三餐二点"制并合理搭配各种食物,平衡合理的膳食模式有助于提高幼儿园儿童膳食营养质量.%Objective To investigate the dietary patterns and nutrition status of children in kindergartens of Lanzhou in the present stage. Methods Five days dietary survey was conducted by weighing method. The surveyed data were analyzed and evaluated using Dietary guidelines for Chinese Residents and Chinese DRIs. Results Dietary pattem of the surveyed subjects mainly consisted of grains and potatoes. The intakes of milk, beans and nuts, marine products were insufficient. The total energy provided by fat was insufficient but that by carbohydrate was higher. Nutrient intake was less than 80.0% of RNI, including energy (79.86%), fat (78.16%), protein (78.67%), vitamin A (78. 35%), vitamin B1 (78.57%), vitamin B2 (57.14%), calcium (39.45%), iodine (12.67%) magnesium (75.94%), zinc (60.67%), and selenium (73.40%). High quality proteins and heme iron from food were lower. The proportion of energy provided from breakfast, lunch and supper was inappropriate. The proportion of breakfast was lower

  19. Assessment of well-being in kindergarten children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Anette Boye

    2013-01-01

    study and from a parallel qualitative interview study and discusses how the disparate findings communicate. The strategy of choosing a standard survey did not provide valuable data, but the meaning ascribed to well-being in the two approaches are compared and the article points to development......Child well-being is a major concern in Danish kindergartens, but well-being is a multi-dimensional concept that may be evaluated in a variety of ways. This article explores the well-being of kindergarten children from a methodological perspective. It presents results from a quantitative survey...

  20. A primary survey on bryophyte species reveals two novel classes of nucleotide-binding site (NBS genes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia-Yu Xue

    Full Text Available Due to their potential roles in pathogen defense, genes encoding nucleotide-binding site (NBS domain have been particularly surveyed in many angiosperm genomes. Two typical classes were found: one is the TIR-NBS-LRR (TNL class and the other is the CC-NBS-LRR (CNL class. It is seldom known, however, what kind of NBS-encoding genes are mainly present in other plant groups, especially the most ancient groups of land plants, that is, bryophytes. To fill this gap of knowledge, in this study, we mainly focused on two bryophyte species: the moss Physcomitrella patens and the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha, to survey their NBS-encoding genes. Surprisingly, two novel classes of NBS-encoding genes were discovered. The first novel class is identified from the P. patens genome and a typical member of this class has a protein kinase (PK domain at the N-terminus and a LRR domain at the C-terminus, forming a complete structure of PK-NBS-LRR (PNL, reminiscent of TNL and CNL classes in angiosperms. The second class is found from the liverwort genome and a typical member of this class possesses an α/β-hydrolase domain at the N-terminus and also a LRR domain at the C-terminus (Hydrolase-NBS-LRR, HNL. Analysis on intron positions and phases also confirmed the novelty of HNL and PNL classes, as reflected by their specific intron locations or phase characteristics. Phylogenetic analysis covering all four classes of NBS-encoding genes revealed a closer relationship among the HNL, PNL and TNL classes, suggesting the CNL class having a more divergent status from the others. The presence of specific introns highlights the chimerical structures of HNL, PNL and TNL genes, and implies their possible origin via exon-shuffling during the quick lineage separation processes of early land plants.

  1. A Visit to Kindergarten No. 490 in Minsk, Belarus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good, Linda A.

    Although opportunities for sharing information about early childhood education increased with the disbanding of the Soviet Union in 1991, knowledge about how young children are cared for and educated in countries of the former Soviet Union remains limited. This report presents observations of a kindergarten class in Minsk, Belarus conducted…

  2. "March of the Penguins": Building Knowledge in a Kindergarten Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fingeret, Lauren

    2008-01-01

    In this study, the author followed a kindergarten class that watched the film and used the book "March of the Penguins" in order to find out how much information the students learned from the film and how the teacher integrated the texts into her unit on penguins in order to maximize their impact. The students were given an oral assessment prior…

  3. An Evaluation of the Good Behavior Game in Kindergarten Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donaldson, Jeanne M.; Vollmer, Timothy R.; Krous, Tangala; Downs, Susan; Berard, Kerri P.

    2011-01-01

    The good behavior game (GBG) is a classwide group contingency that involves dividing the class into two teams, creating simple rules, and arranging contingencies for breaking or following those rules. Five kindergarten teachers and classrooms participated in this evaluation of the GBG. Disruptive behavior markedly decreased in all five classrooms…

  4. Changing Kindergartens: Four Success Stories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goffin, Stacie G., Ed.; Stegelin, Dolores A., Ed.

    This document relates the experiences of individuals who have embraced the concept of developmentally appropriate practice in kindergarten and made the effort to translate their understandings into practice in public school settings. The book's primary authors are a kindergarten teacher, an elementary school principal, a school superintendent, and…

  5. 成都市幼儿园融合教育现状调查研究%Survey and Research on the Current Situation of Preschool Inclusive Education in Kindergartens in Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹丹; 孙钠

    2011-01-01

    A survey of preschool inclusive education was carried out among some f kindergarten teachers in Chengdu,but the results were not satisfactory.There are several main reasons which affect preschool inclusive education in kindergartens.First,the preschool teachers are lack of inclusive education concepts,knowledge and skills.Second,the training institutions of preschool teachers were limited due to historical connections.Third,pre-school inclusive education lacks professional supporting faculty as well as economic support and policy guidance.In order to promote the development of preschool inclusive education in Chengdu,special educational professionals should be trained to promote their ability of preschool inclusive education,in-service training should also be enhanced,and inclusive education supporting system should be integrated to offer practical support to preschool teachers.%以成都市部分幼儿园教师作为调查对象,对幼儿园融合教育相关因素进行调查,结果不尽如人意。影响幼儿园教师融合教育的主要原因:幼儿园教师缺乏一定的融合理念和融合知识与技能,学前师资培养体制受到历史发展的制约,学前融合教育缺乏专业人员支持,学前融合教育缺乏经济与政策导向的大力支持。要促进成都市幼儿园融合教育发展,应大力培养学前特殊教育专业人才,提高其学前融合教育的能力,加强在职幼儿教师的培训,整合融合教育支持系统,给予幼儿融合教育切实的支持。

  6. Use of Group Cooperative Learning in Kindergarten Large Class Science Teaching%小组合作学习在幼儿园大班科学教学中的运用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方敏俐

    2016-01-01

    近年来,随着新《纲要》的颁布,在实施幼儿园新课程过程中,许多幼儿教师已经意识到幼儿合作能力培养的重要性,也知道合作学习是教学活动中重要的组织形式,那么什么是小组合作学习、如何在幼儿园科学教学中运用小组合作学习、小组合作学习的成效如何呢?下面将从这四方面进行阐述。%In recent years, with the promulgation of the new"Outline", the implementation process of the new curriculum in kindergarten, many kindergarten teachers have realized the importance of child care co-Ability, also known cooperative learning is teaching an important organizational form, then what is group cooperative learning, how to use cooperative learning groups in kindergarten science teaching, effectiveness of cooperative learning groups do? Below these four areas will be set forth.

  7. 新城实验幼儿园儿童龋病调查分析%The Survey of dental caries in the xincheng experimental Kindergarten

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛玉梅; 邢文燕

    2015-01-01

    目的:为了解西安市学龄前儿童龋病的流行状况,为开展龋病的防治工作提出指导意义。方法对西安市新城实验幼儿园两个年级的儿童348名进行了龋病普查,自然光下用口镜进行检查,计算出患龋率、龋均、龋面均,分析龋病的流行状况。结果该幼儿园两个年级总患龋率为69.54%,龋均3.51,龋面均4.34。结论学龄前儿童龋病发病率高,龋病的防治工作不能忽视,应继续推进龋病的宣传和防治工作,同时提高家长、学校、和社会对儿童口腔健康的共同重视。%Objective To understand the incidence of the preschool children dental caries in Xi'an and propose guiding significance for the development of dental caries prevention. Methods The total of 348 children in the xincheng experimental Kindergarten was investigated. The oral examination was conducted under the natural light with the plane mirror. Calculate the caries prevalence rate, mean DMFT, mean DMFS, and analyze the prevalence of dental caries. Results The total incidence of the dental caries was 69.54% , mean DMFT was 3.51, mean DMFS was 4.34. Conclusion The caries prevalence rate of preschool children is high. The prevention of dental caries can’t be ignored, we should continue to promote advocacy and prevention of dental caries, and raise the awareness of parents, schools, and society to the importance of children's oral health.

  8. Is Storytelling Effective in Improving the English Vocabulary Learning among Iranian Children in Kindergartens?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maasumeh Abasi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of storytelling in improving English vocabulary learning among children in kindergarten. Twenty Iranian children (9 boys and 11 girls in a private kindergarten in Kerman, Iran, were the participants of the study. All of the children were five years old and were taught English with the same teacher in a class in a kindergarten. The design of the study was one group pre-test post-test quasi experimental design. Both pre and post-tests included 20 vocabulary picture items taken from a story book teaching in the kindergarten. The statistical analysis revealed that storytelling was effective in increasing vocabulary learning among kindergarten children.

  9. Contextual Effects on Kindergarten Teachers' Intention to Report Child Abuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Jui-Ying; Wu, Yow-Wu B.; Fetzer, Susan; Chang, Hsin-Yi

    2012-01-01

    Child abuse is underreported for children with socioeconomic inequalities. The impact of geographic location combined with sociocultural characteristics on teachers' reports of child abuse remains unclear. A national survey of 572 kindergarten teachers from 79 schools in Taiwan used hierarchical linear modeling to investigate the contribution of…

  10. Contextual Effects on Kindergarten Teachers' Intention to Report Child Abuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Jui-Ying; Wu, Yow-Wu B.; Fetzer, Susan; Chang, Hsin-Yi

    2012-01-01

    Child abuse is underreported for children with socioeconomic inequalities. The impact of geographic location combined with sociocultural characteristics on teachers' reports of child abuse remains unclear. A national survey of 572 kindergarten teachers from 79 schools in Taiwan used hierarchical linear modeling to investigate the contribution of…

  11. America's Public School Kindergarten Teachers' Job Turnover and Associated Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yesil Dagli, Ummuhan

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the effects of teacher characteristics, perceived school climate and work conditions, and students' characteristics on public school kindergarten teachers' act of moving to another school, leaving the profession and staying in the same school. The data came from School and Staffing Survey (SASS) and the Teacher Follow-up Survey…

  12. Peer Sameness and Peer Diversity: The Influence of Breadth and Depth of Classmates with High Academic Needs in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottfried, Michael A.

    2016-01-01

    Research Findings: Relying on a newly released national data set of kindergarten students from the 2010-2011 school year (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011), the findings suggest that having a greater percentage of same-needs classmates positively boosts both achievement and socioemotional outcomes among…

  13. Full-Day Kindergarten Effects on Later Academic Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Milligan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to investigate full-day kindergarten, as a means of improving later academic achievement. A total of 208 students who had continuous enrollment for three consecutive school years from a school district in southern California participated in the study. The sample contained 165 students who had attended the traditional half-day kindergarten program with 43 attending a hybrid all-day kindergarten program. All students were administered the California Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR assessment and the California Achievement Test 6th Edition (CAT 6 survey exams. Using stepwise multiple regression, several independent variables were introduced into the regression equation to obtain a Prediction Model of Student Success. The English language arts and math scores of the California STAR Assessment were used as the dependent variable separately. A significant model was not developed. Using an independent-sample T Test procedure, comparing the two groups, was also preformed revealing that there were no significant differences in students who attended the all-day kindergarten program and students who attended a traditional kindergarten program.

  14. Handling motivation the Kindergarten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Ole

    2016-01-01

    In this paper I will investigate the construction of motivation in interactions between educators and pre-school children. Hitherto research on this subject has typically been preoccupied with the minds and motives of children at the expense of their sensuous and bodily presence. On the basis...... of field work observations in a Danish Kindergarten, and interpretations drawing on theorizations of embodiment I intend to show how children’s motivation to engage can be developed from the ways the educators apply themselves bodily in the educational environment, and act upon and manipulate the bodily...... presence of the children, rather than explaining the intellectual or instrumental reasons behind the activities. Furthermore I will argue that the prerequisites for motivation is developed when educators hold on to activities; that is making the children repeat activities and over time making them capable...

  15. Pre-Kindergarten Teachers' Use of Transition Practices and Children's Adjustment to Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Mashburn, Andrew J.; Downer, Jason T.; Pianta, Robert C.

    2008-01-01

    This study describes pre-kindergarten teachers' use of kindergarten transition practices and examined the extent to which these practices were associated with kindergarten teachers' judgments of children's social, self-regulatory, and academic skills upon their entry into kindergarten. Participants were 722 children from 214 pre-kindergarten…

  16. Exploring the relationship between social class, mental illness stigma and mental health literacy using British national survey data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holman, Daniel

    2015-07-01

    The relationship between social class and mental illness stigma has received little attention in recent years. At the same time, the concept of mental health literacy has become an increasingly popular way of framing knowledge and understanding of mental health issues. British Social Attitudes survey data present an opportunity to unpack the relationships between these concepts and social class, an important task given continuing mental health inequalities. Regression analyses were undertaken which centred on depression and schizophrenia vignettes, with an asthma vignette used for comparison. The National Statistics Socio-economic Classification, education and income were used as indicators of class. A number of interesting findings emerged. Overall, class variables showed a stronger relationship with mental health literacy than stigma. The relationship was gendered such that women with higher levels of education, especially those with a degree, had the lowest levels of stigma and highest levels of mental health literacy. Interestingly, class showed more of an association with stigma for the asthma vignette than it did for both the depression and schizophrenia vignettes, suggesting that mental illness stigma needs to be contextualised alongside physical illness stigma. Education emerged as the key indicator of class, followed by the National Statistics Socio-economic Classification, with income effects being marginal. These findings have implications for targeting health promotion campaigns and increasing service use in order to reduce mental health inequalities. © The Author(s) 2014.

  17. Alberta Post-Secondary Graduate Outcomes Survey: Class of 2005-06

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2008

    2008-01-01

    In November of 2007, Alberta Advanced Education and Technology contracted Insightrix Research, Inc. to conduct a survey of individuals who graduated from post-secondary institutions in Alberta in the fall of 2005 or the spring of 2006 (excluding apprenticeship graduates, who are surveyed through a separate initiative). The purpose of the survey is…

  18. The Impact of Transitional Kindergarten on Kindergarten Readiness. A Report from the Study of California's Transitional Kindergarten Program: Executive Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Institutes for Research, 2015

    2015-01-01

    Transitional kindergarten--the first year of a two-year kindergarten program for California children born between September 2 and December 2--is intended to better prepare young five-year-olds for Kindergarten and ensure a strong start to their educational career. The goal of this study was to measure the success of the program by determining the…

  19. Social Interpretations of Readiness for Kindergarten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graue, M. Elizabeth

    1992-01-01

    Data from this ethnographic study of kindergartens in three communities suggest that teachers, parents, and the school as an institution interacted to develop a social interpretation of school readiness. This interpretation framed children's kindergarten experience in each community. (BC)

  20. A 95 GHz CLASS I METHANOL MASER SURVEY TOWARD A SAMPLE OF GLIMPSE POINT SOURCES ASSOCIATED WITH BGPS CLUMPS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen Xi; Gan Conggui; Shen Zhiqiang; An Tao [Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030 (China); Ellingsen, Simon P. [School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania (Australia); He Jinhua [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China); Xu Ye; Sun Yan; Ju Binggang, E-mail: chenxi@shao.ac.cn [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)

    2012-05-01

    We report a survey with the Purple Mountain Observatory 13.7 m radio telescope for class I methanol masers from the 95 GHz (8{sub 0}-7{sub 1} A{sup +}) transition. Two hundred and fourteen target sources were selected by combining information from both the Spitzer GLIMPSE and 1.1 mm Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey (BGPS) catalogs. The observed sources satisfy the GLIMPSE mid-IR criteria of [3.6]-[4.5] > 1.3, [3.6]-[5.8] > 2.5, [3.6]-[8.0] > 2.5 and 8.0 {mu}m mag less than 10; they also have an associated 1.1 mm BGPS source. Class I methanol maser emission was detected in 63 sources, corresponding to a detection rate of 29% for this survey. For the majority of detections (43), this is the first identification of class I methanol masers associated with these sources. We show that the intensity of the class I methanol maser emission is not closely related to mid-IR intensity or the colors of the GLIMPSE point sources; however, it is closely correlated with properties (mass and beam-averaged column density) of the BGPS sources. Comparison of measures of star formation activity for the BGPS sources with and without class I methanol masers indicates that the sources with class I methanol masers usually have higher column density and larger flux density than those without them. Our results predict that the criteria log (S{sub int}) {<=} -38.0 + 1.72log (N{sup beam}{sub H{sub 2}}) and log (N{sub H{sub 2}{sup beam}}){>=}22.1, which utilizes both the integrated flux density (S{sub int}) and beam-averaged column density (N{sub H{sub 2}{sup beam}}) of the BGPS sources, are very efficient for selecting sources likely to have an associated class I methanol maser. Our expectation is that searches using these criteria will detect 90% of the predicted number of class I methanol masers from the full BGPS catalog ({approx}1000), and that they will do so with a high detection efficiency ({approx}75%).

  1. Kindergarten Vejtoften, Høje-Taastrup, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Jørgen; Thomsen, Kirsten Engelund

    2012-01-01

    Built in 1971 with minimal insulation standard. One of 27 kindergartens in the municipality that will undergo and extensive energy renovation. The method developed in this project will be applied in all the other kindergartens in teh municipiality......Built in 1971 with minimal insulation standard. One of 27 kindergartens in the municipality that will undergo and extensive energy renovation. The method developed in this project will be applied in all the other kindergartens in teh municipiality...

  2. Automated novelty detection in the WISE survey with one-class support vector machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solarz, A.; Bilicki, M.; Gromadzki, M.; Pollo, A.; Durkalec, A.; Wypych, M.

    2017-10-01

    Wide-angle photometric surveys of previously uncharted sky areas or wavelength regimes will always bring in unexpected sources - novelties or even anomalies - whose existence and properties cannot be easily predicted from earlier observations. Such objects can be efficiently located with novelty detection algorithms. Here we present an application of such a method, called one-class support vector machines (OCSVM), to search for anomalous patterns among sources preselected from the mid-infrared AllWISE catalogue covering the whole sky. To create a model of expected data we train the algorithm on a set of objects with spectroscopic identifications from the SDSS DR13 database, present also in AllWISE. The OCSVM method detects as anomalous those sources whose patterns - WISE photometric measurements in this case - are inconsistent with the model. Among the detected anomalies we find artefacts, such as objects with spurious photometry due to blending, but more importantly also real sources of genuine astrophysical interest. Among the latter, OCSVM has identified a sample of heavily reddened AGN/quasar candidates distributed uniformly over the sky and in a large part absent from other WISE-based AGN catalogues. It also allowed us to find a specific group of sources of mixed types, mostly stars and compact galaxies. By combining the semi-supervised OCSVM algorithm with standard classification methods it will be possible to improve the latter by accounting for sources which are not present in the training sample, but are otherwise well-represented in the target set. Anomaly detection adds flexibility to automated source separation procedures and helps verify the reliability and representativeness of the training samples. It should be thus considered as an essential step in supervised classification schemes to ensure completeness and purity of produced catalogues. The catalogues of outlier data are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http

  3. Kindergarten Teachers' Perceptions of Students' Readiness Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soltero-Ruiz, Erlinda E.

    2013-01-01

    Children need to be ready to enter kindergarten, or they may begin to fall further and further behind. The achievement gap may start prior to children entering kindergarten due to their lack of early learning opportunities. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of kindergarten teachers regarding which readiness skills preschool…

  4. Standardized Tests and Froebel's Original Kindergarten Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeynes, William H.

    2006-01-01

    The author argues that American educators rely on standardized tests at too early an age when administered in kindergarten, particularly given the original intent of kindergarten as envisioned by its founder, Friedrich Froebel. The author examines the current use of standardized tests in kindergarten and the Froebel model, including his emphasis…

  5. Una Experiencia Pedagogica en el Jardin Infantil "La Cabana" (A Teaching Experience in "La Cabana" Kindergarten).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Vega, B.

    1992-01-01

    Reviews the history of La Cabana kindergarten, which provides preschool education and meals for 100 children and sewing classes for mothers in a working class neighborhood in Bogota, Colombia. Describes the implementation of a new curriculum which develops child creativity through free choice of activities around a common project. (AC)

  6. Una Experiencia Pedagogica en el Jardin Infantil "La Cabana" (A Teaching Experience in "La Cabana" Kindergarten).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Vega, B.

    1992-01-01

    Reviews the history of La Cabana kindergarten, which provides preschool education and meals for 100 children and sewing classes for mothers in a working class neighborhood in Bogota, Colombia. Describes the implementation of a new curriculum which develops child creativity through free choice of activities around a common project. (AC)

  7. The Herschel Orion Protostar Survey: Correcting for Inclination in BLT Diagrams and Reassessing the Class 0 Lifetime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, William J.; Megeath, S.; Stutz, A. M.; Tobin, J. J.; Ali, B.; Stanke, T.; Osorio, M.; Furlan, E.; HOPS Team

    2013-01-01

    We describe recent results from the Herschel Orion Protostar Survey (HOPS), a multiwavelength study of Spitzer-identified protostars in the Orion Molecular Cloud complex. Over 300 protostars in the Orion A and B molecular clouds, the largest star-forming region in the nearest 500 pc, have been observed with 70 μm and 160 μm Herschel/PACS imaging and spectroscopy and with near-IR, mid-IR, and submillimeter imaging and spectroscopy. Using a custom grid of radiative transfer models, we have fit the resulting spectral energy distributions of the sources to estimate their fundamental properties, including infall rate, luminosity, and outflow cavity angle. We also use the model fits to correct the bolometric luminosities and temperatures (BLT properties) of the sources for the effects of foreground extinction and inclination. After the inclination correction, we find that many of the putative young Class 0 sources seem to be highly inclined, more evolved Class I sources. Furthermore, we have discovered a class of protostars previously unidentified by Spitzer that may be young or highly inclined Class 0 sources. We re-evaluate the Class 0 lifetime in light of these new results.

  8. Speech Therapy Prevention in Kindergarten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vašíková Jana

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This contribution presents the results of a research focused on speech therapy in kindergartens. This research was realized in Zlín Region. It explains how speech therapy prevention is realized in kindergartens, determines the educational qualifications of teachers for this activity and verifies the quality of the applied methodologies in the daily program of kindergartens. Methods: The empirical part of the study was conducted through a qualitative research. For data collection, we used participant observation. We analyzed the research data and presented them verbally, using frequency tables and graphs, which were subsequently interpreted. Results: In this research, 71% of the teachers completed a course of speech therapy prevention, 28% of the teachers received pedagogical training and just 1% of the teachers are clinical speech pathologists. In spite of this, the research data show that, in most of kindergartens, the aim of speech therapy prevention is performed in order to correct deficiencies in speech and voice. The content of speech therapy prevention is implemented in this direction. Discussion: Awareness of the teachers’/parents’ regarding speech therapy prevention in kindergartens. Limitations: This research was implemented in autumn of 2016 in Zlín Region. Research data cannot be generalized to the entire population. We have the ambition to expand this research to other regions next year. Conclusions: Results show that both forms of speech therapy prevention - individual and group - are used. It is also often a combination of both. The aim of the individual forms is, in most cases, to prepare a child for cooperation during voice correction. The research also confirmed that most teachers do not have sufficient education in speech therapy. Most of them completed a course of speech therapy as primary prevention educators. The results also show that teachers spend a lot of time by speech therapy prevention in

  9. Social Class Status and Suicide Characteristics: A Survey among Patients Who Attempted Suicide in Isfahan

    OpenAIRE

    Keyvanara, Mahmoud; Mousavi, Seyed Ghafour; Karami, Zahra

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Suicide is one of the most prominent problems in health care system in current Iran. It could be impacted by various factors such as social, economic, individual and so on. Researchers show that socio-economic factors and suicide has significantly related. The people in low social class may more engage with social problems than higher social class. They may confront to problems such as crime, violence, unemployment, financial hardship, population density, disorder personality, e...

  10. Student Engagement in Law School: In Class and Beyond. Annual Survey Results, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law School Survey of Student Engagement, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Law School Survey of Student Engagement (LSSSE) focuses on activities related to effective learning in law school. The results of this year's survey show how law students use their time and what they think about their legal education experience, while simultaneously providing guidance to law schools seeking to improve engagement and learning.…

  11. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Spitzer/IRS survey of Class II objects in Orion A. I. (Kim+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, K. H.; Watson, D. M.; Manoj, P.; Forrest, W. J.; Furlan, E.; Najita, J.; Sargent, B.; Hernandez, J.; Calvet, N.; Adame, L.; Espaillat, C.; Megeath, S. T.; Muzerolle, J.; McClure, M. K.

    2016-10-01

    We present 319 Class II disks observed with Spitzer/IRS in the Orion A star-forming region. We described the Spitzer/IRS and IRTF/SpeX observations and data reduction process in Kim+ (2013, J/ApJ/769/149). The Orion A objects in this paper were selected based on the identification of young stars with disks by IRAC/Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) color-color diagrams (Megeath+ 2012, J/AJ/144/192). We observed them using Spitzer/IRS during campaigns 36, 39, 40, and 44 between 2006 November and 2007 October. To this group we added 16 additional objects (5 in the ONC; 11 in L1641) that were reclassified as Class II from Class 0/I sources observed in the Orion A protostar survey by C. Poteet et al. (2016, in preparation); 14 of these 16 were observed during campaigns 39 and 40, but 2 sources were observed in campaign 56 (see table 1). Of our IRS targets observed in both SL and LL modules in Orion A with Spitzer/IRS, we observed 120 at near-IR (0.8-2.4um) wavelengths with the medium-resolution spectrograph SpeX, on the NASA IRTF on Mauna Kea during the 2010A, 2011A, and 2011B semesters (see table 3). (9 data files).

  12. Profiles of Child Developmental Dimensions in Kindergarten and the Prediction of Achievement in the First and Second Grades of Primary School

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mascareño, Mayra; Doolaard, Simone; Bosker, Roel J.

    2014-01-01

    A successful transition from kindergarten to 1st grade requires a positive combination of multiple dimensions of child competence. Using latent class analysis, we simultaneously examined the academic skills, work attitude, and social/behavioral competence of a large sample of Dutch kindergarten

  13. Profiles of Child Developmental Dimensions in Kindergarten and the Prediction of Achievement in the First and Second Grades of Primary School

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mascareño, Mayra; Doolaard, Simone; Bosker, Roel J.

    2014-01-01

    A successful transition from kindergarten to 1st grade requires a positive combination of multiple dimensions of child competence. Using latent class analysis, we simultaneously examined the academic skills, work attitude, and social/behavioral competence of a large sample of Dutch kindergarten chil

  14. Social Class Status and Suicide Characteristics: A Survey among Patients Who Attempted Suicide in Isfahan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keyvanara, Mahmoud; Mousavi, Seyed Ghafour; Karami, Zahra

    2013-01-01

    Suicide is one of the most prominent problems in health care system in current Iran. It could be impacted by various factors such as social, economic, individual and so on. Researchers show that socio-economic factors and suicide has significantly related. The people in low social class may more engage with social problems than higher social class. They may confront to problems such as crime, violence, unemployment, financial hardship, population density, disorder personality, etc. However, these difficulties could be resulted from relationship of inequality socio-economic and mental or physical health. This research attempted to examine social class status and its relationship with parts of suicide characteristics. This study applied a descriptive approach. In the cross-sectional research 179 patients who attempted suicide and admitted to the toxicology ward of Nour hospital and to the burning ward of Imam Mousa Kazem hospital, in Isfahan, during a period of 6 months in 2010 were recruited. The randomize sampling for patients admitted to toxicology ward and census for burning ward are applied. Data collected through a questionnaire which Chronbagh coefficient's alpha was calculated (r= 0/72). Data was analyzed in SPSS software. The data showed that the majority of patients who attempted suicide were young married women who had diploma and under diploma of level education. They were housewife, engaged in education and unemployment. Finding showed that there are no significant relationships between sex, age, marital status, frequency of attempted suicide and their social class. But there is significant relationship between methods of suicide and social class. Similarly, there are significant relationship between social factors (i.e. family friction, betrothal, unemployment, financial problems and so on) effected on suicide and their social classes. Parts of findings were supported by previous studies.

  15. On the Degree of Parental Involvement in Family and Kindergarten Cooperation---Based on a survey of kindergartens in S City of XPCC%家园合作中父母参与程度的现状调查*--基于新疆兵团S市幼儿园的问卷调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方建华

    2013-01-01

    Using the basic data of the the kindergarten-family upbringing way research , this study examines the in-volvement of parents in family-kindergarten cooperation from the three dimensions of frequency , and method .The study shows that the frequency of parental involvement is very low in S City;the contents of of parental participation is not varia-ble;one-way communication is the trend .Studies suggest that the nature of a kindergarten is an important factor that affects the degree of parental involvement .%利用“幼儿园家庭教养方式调查研究”基础数据,本研究从家长参与家园合作活动的频率、内容和方式三个维度考察家园合作中父母的参与程度问题,研究表明新疆兵团S市家长参与频率非常低,参与家园合作活动的内容单一,呈现出不平等的单向交流方式。同时,研究认为幼儿园性质是影响家园合作中父母参与程度的重要因素,而家长族别、文化程度和家庭户籍状况与家长参与程度无显著相关。最后,研究分析了家园合作工作中幼儿园与家长之间的关系,提出公办幼儿园和民办幼儿园促进家长参与的教师理念与策略,使家长参与更具实效性。

  16. Associations between pedagogues attitudes, praxis and policy in relation to physical activity of children in kindergarten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    2011-01-01

    -sectional study conducted in 2006 among all Danish kindergartens. A questionnaire of 48 questions based on pedagogues assessment regarding the health related polices and praxis in kindergarten and the attitudes of pedagogues was mailed ( n = 4200) to all institutions in the country. In total, 1149 kindergartens...... and 693 integrated institutions returned the survey. The results show a relation between pedagogue ’ s attitudes towards promoting children ’ s physical activity and the number of children having moderately intense physical activity for at least one hour a day. The study also shows a positive association...... should play an active role in the promotion of healthy lifestyle among kindergarten aged children. Strong municipal and institutional leadership as well as educational interventions in the curricula of pedagogues could be important ways to bring about such change....

  17. Is eLearning only for the tech savvy and the lazy? : A survey study to determine what characterizes students who enroll in internet based classes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rhee, van der B.; Verma, R.; Plaschka, G.

    2005-01-01

    More and more Business Schools are offering classes using a mix of face-to-face and online elements. We conducted a large scale survey to determine whether only students who are technology savvy would enroll in these mixed classes and whether there exists a participation bias such that students with

  18. 幼儿园大班节日主题活动的设计与运用%Design and Fulfillment of Festival Activities for Kindergarten Kids in Top Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鞠占红; 张万玲; 冯丽娜

    2011-01-01

    节日是文化的一种表现,开展节日主题活动是促进幼儿文化适应的有效途径。设计运用大班节日主题活动,首先要为促进幼儿文化适应,精心筛选传统节日和纪念节日。其次,围绕节日内涵及大班幼儿学习需求,设计主题教育活动。第三,注重潜在教育因素浸润,创新主题活动实施形式。第四,营造良好园所文化环境,体验节日文化氛围。幼儿园大班开展节日主题活动,促进了幼儿富有个性化的发展,创新了节目活动内容,提高了教师专业化发展水平。%Festival is a special kind of culture expression, festival activities are effective ways for young children to carry on the cultural adaptation successfully. In order to design and fulfillment of festival activities, first ,we should take the traditional Chinese festival primarily, and the memorial day for auxiliary; secondly, the thematic education activity we design should center on festival connotation and demands of young children; thirdly, we should pay attention to the role of potential educational factors ,and innovate the implementation form of theme activity; fourthly, we should create a good kindergarten cultural environments for young children to experience festive atmosphere. In doing so, we can facilitate young children' personalized development, innovate the contents of festival activities and improve the professional development level of teachers.

  19. The Bernese Program against Victimization in Kindergarten and Elementary School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsaker, Françoise D; Valkanover, Stefan

    2012-01-01

    The Bernese Program against Victimization in Kindergarten and Elementary School was designed to be adaptable to the very different situations and needs encountered by teachers in kindergarten and elementary school. The basic principle of the program is to enhance teachers' ability to address bullying. The program consists of six modules, each corresponding to a specific topic. Teachers are urged to implement the tasks discussed during the meetings in their own classes during the time between the meetings. The program has been evaluated using a prevention-control pre- and posttest design. The informants were teachers as well as children. There was a significant interaction between time (pre- and posttest) and group (prevention and control) as to victimization. Changes in teachers' attitudes toward bullying and their ability to cope with such problems were also significant and in the expected direction.

  20. 幼儿园保教人员的儿童忽视相关知识、态度及行为现况调查研究%A Cross-sectional Survey on the Knowledge,Attitude and Behavior towards Child Neglect among Kindergarten Faculty Members

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏; 符勤怀; 静进; 侯丹红; 冼少龙; 刘婷婷

    2012-01-01

    . Methods A total of 198 kindergarten faculty members from four cities ( Dongguan, Huizhou, Zhongshan, and Foshan ) in Guangdong Province completed self - designed questionnaires concerning the knowledge, attitude and behavior on child neglect. Results Only 21. 4% of the faculty members of kindergartens had a good knowledge of child neglect, and 36. 5% had never heard about this term. About 98. 4% of the surveyed kindergarten faculty members were willing to learn more about child neglect and 90. 9% - 98. 4% of them agreed that education on child neglect was necessary. Furthermore , 92. 2% of them were willing to do something on child neglect. The frequent behaviors of the kindergarten faculty members toward children included warmth/ understanding ( 80. 8% ), scolding ( 40. 4% ), excessive protection ( 27. 8% ), and excessive interference ( 18. 2% ). The following behaviors had never been conducted; gallow ( 75. 3% ), excessive interference ( 52. 5% ), castigation ( 52. 0% ), and deny ( 37. 4% ). Child neglect were believed to more likely to take place included family ( 86. 8% ), kindergarten ( 59. 5% ), and public places ( 32. 6% ). It was believed that the responsibility of protecting children aged 3-6 year's should be rested on parents/carers ( 87. 9% ), kindergarten faculty members ( 84. 3% ), and government ( 46. 9% ). The causes of low awareness of child neglect was believed to be; indifference of government/society ( 56. 8% ), lack of specialist agencies ( 53. 6% ), parents/carers or kindergarten faculty members lack of knowledge ( 59. 8% ), and inadequate publicity of society/medical and educational establishments ( 36. 4% ). About 93. 2% of the kindergarten faculty members ap-pealed to found institutions for the prevention and treatment of child neglect and meanwhile provide more legal aids. Conclusion Most kindergarten faculty members in Guangdong Province have poor awareness, knowledge, and behavior towards child neglect but express strong wishes to enhance the

  1. Using Asynchronous Electronic Surveys to Help In-Class Revision: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Vincent C. H.

    2012-01-01

    Synchronous e-voting systems (commonly known as "clickers") have become increasingly popular as they can be used to enhance interactivity in lectures. Asynchronous electronic surveys (AESs), unlike these voting system, usually serve as a method of gathering feedback before or after teaching sessions. This paper describes and evaluates a project…

  2. The ALMA Protostellar Interferometric Line Survey (PILS): First results from an unbiased submillimeter wavelength line survey of the Class 0 protostellar binary IRAS 16293-2422 with ALMA

    CERN Document Server

    Jørgensen, J K; Coutens, A; Lykke, J M; Müller, H S P; van Dishoeck, E F; Calcutt, H; Bjerkeli, P; Bourke, T L; Drozdovskaya, M N; Favre, C; Fayolle, E C; Garrod, R T; Jacobsen, S K; Öberg, K I; Persson, M V; Wampfler, S F

    2016-01-01

    The inner regions of the envelopes surrounding young protostars are characterised by a complex chemistry, with prebiotic molecules present on the scales where protoplanetary disks eventually may form. This paper introduces a systematic survey, "Protostellar Interferometric Line Survey (PILS)" of the Class 0 protostellar binary IRAS 16293-2422 using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The survey covers the full frequency range from 329 to 363 GHz (0.8 mm) with additional targeted observations at 3.0 and 1.3 mm. More than 10,000 features are detected toward one component in the protostellar binary. Glycolaldehyde, its isomers, methyl formate and acetic acid, and its reduced alcohol, ethylene glycol, are clearly detected. For ethylene glycol both lowest state conformers, aGg' and gGg', are detected, the latter for the first time in the ISM. The abundance of glycolaldehyde is comparable to or slightly larger than that of ethylene glycol. In comparison to the Galactic Center, these two species...

  3. MUSCULOSKELETAL MORBIDITIES IN CLASS 4 WOMEN EMPLOYEES OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verma Chhaya

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: A job is a piece of work done as a part of the routine of one’s occupation for an agreed price. Every occupation is associated with one or more ill effects on the health of the worker. Musculoskeletal morbidity is the commonest cause for occupational health problems & accounts for large number of workers’ compensation days & disabilities. Aim: To conduct a survey on prevalence of musculoskeletal pain & dysfunction in class 4 female hospital employees Materials & Methodology: Settings & Design: Interview based randomized cross sectional survey. 80 female class 4 employees working at the Lokmanya Tilak municipal medical college & general hospital (LTMMC & LTMGH participated in the study. Based on work pattern, a semi-structured questionnaire was prepared and validated. An informed consent was obtained before the interview. The data thus collected over a period of 3 months was analyzed to determine the prevalence & intensity of musculoskeletal dysfunction, pain & its influence on daily activity. Data was spread in Microsoft Excel 2010 & statistically analyzed using percentages. Results & Conclusion: This study shows that considerable musculoskeletal pain & dysfunction was observed among the women sweepers & aayabai. The back & the knee appear to be affected more than rest of the joints mainly attributed to the combined effect of occupational & psychological stress.

  4. Is Kindergarten the New First Grade?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daphna Bassok

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent accounts suggest that accountability pressures have trickled down into the early elementary grades and that kindergarten today is characterized by a heightened focus on academic skills and a reduction in opportunities for play. This paper compares public school kindergarten classrooms between 1998 and 2010 using two large, nationally representative data sets. We show substantial changes in each of the five dimensions considered: kindergarten teachers’ beliefs about school readiness, time spent on academic and nonacademic content, classroom organization, pedagogical approach, and use of standardized assessments. Kindergarten teachers in the later period held far higher academic expectations for children both prior to kindergarten entry and during the kindergarten year. They devoted more time to advanced literacy and math content, teacher-directed instruction, and assessment and substantially less time to art, music, science, and child-selected activities.

  5. The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS: The Study of Validity and Reliability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adem BAYAR

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to adapt the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (Adams et al., 2006 to Turkish and to examine its psychometric properties. The research was conducted on 400 9th grade students from the Directorate of Educational Department in Amasya, Turkey. The results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses clearly showed that this scale yielded 8 factors, as original form and that the model was well fit. Internal consistency coefficients varied between .72-.84 and test-retest reliability coefficients varied between .85-.93. Corrected item-total correlations ranged .51 to .75, and according to t-test results differences between each item’s means of upper 27% and lower 27% points were significant. As a result, Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey can be used as a valid and reliable instrument in education.

  6. The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS: The Study of Validity and Reliability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adem BAYAR

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to adapt the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (Adams et al., 2006 to Turkish and to examine its psychometric properties. The research was conducted on 400 9th grade students from the Directorate of Educational Department in Amasya, Turkey. The results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses clearly showed that this scale yielded 8 factors, as original form and that the model was well fit. Internal consistency coefficients varied between .72-.84 and test-retest reliability coefficients varied between .85-.93. Corrected item-total correlations ranged .51 to .75, and according to t-test results differences between each item’s means of upper 27% and lower 27% points were significant. As a result, Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey can be used as a valid and reliable instrument in education. 

  7. Classroom quality at pre-kindergarten and kindergarten and children's social skills and behavior problems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broekhuizen, Martine L.; Mokrova, Irina L.; Burchinal, Margaret R.; Garrett-Peters, Patricia T.

    2016-01-01

    Focusing on the continuity in the quality of classroom environments as children transition from preschool into elementary school, this study examined the associations between classroom quality in pre-kindergarten and kindergarten and children's social skills and behavior problems in kindergarten and

  8. Can Teacher Ratings of Students' Skills at Kindergarten Entry Predict Kindergarten Retention?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Jessica; Eastwood, Melissa; Behuniak, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Though early childhood literature defines kindergarten readiness in the context of the whole child across multiple domains, there is little research to demonstrate the relative influence of these domains on success in the kindergarten year. In this study, we use teacher judgments of students at the start of the kindergarten year across multiple…

  9. Managing the Taiwan kindergarten evaluation system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin, Hsiu Fen

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to explore the content of Taiwan’s kindergarten accreditation system and its current status, and set forth conclusions and recommendations for future references by policy-making authorities in kindergarten education. Using the documentary analysis method, results show that current evaluation system should practice more transparency in its administration. Furthermore, managers of such system should be encouraged to consider other countries’ kindergarten accreditation systems for references.

  10. Literacy Development in Kindergarten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanegas Rodríguez Flor Alba

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available This project was conducted in order to motivate students of transition grade in Hispanoamericano Conde Ansurez School to read through the use of strategies for story-telling. As the sample for this study, the five students who had the lowest language proficiency were selected. According to the results, students improved their English, evidenced understanding of stories read in class and expressed more interest in reading. However, the process has to be continued because reading skills under development need constant practice.

  11. [Nationwide survey of the use of class 2 infectious disease beds for in-hospital care of tuberculosis patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Kunihiko; Nagata, Yohko; Urakawa, Minako; Kato, Seiya

    2012-02-01

    To investigate the possibility of employing in-hospital care for tuberculosis (TB) patients in beds meant for patients with Class 2 infectious diseases and determine the obstacles facing the same. We conducted a questionnaire survey of all 225 hospitals that had beds meant for patients with Class 2 infectious disease but did not have tuberculosis wards. Responses were obtained from 83.1% of the targeted hospitals. Around 60% of the hospitals had used these beds for patients other than those with Class 2 infectious disease (including TB patients). Around 50% and 30% of the hospitals had used these beds for suspected TB patients to ensure hospital infection control, and for treatment of patients diagnosed with TB, respectively. In response to the question on how they would use these hospital beds for TB or suspected TB patients if the regulations allowed such use, around 60% of the hospitals answered that the beds will be used for suspected TB patients until their diagnosis was confirmed, and 25% of the hospitals responded that they will never use their beds for TB patients. Only 10% of the hospitals answered that the beds will be used for in-hospital care of TB patients. With regard to the reasons why the beds cannot be easily used for in-hospital care of TB patients, several issues were pointed out, such as difficulty in appointing sufficient staff for care of TB patients, and a lack of doctors who had sufficient experience in TB medicine. However, there was no single predominant reason. To ensure that hospital beds for patients with Class 2 infectious diseases are utilized for in-hospital TB care, we need a flexible policy, which is suited to the specific conditions in each community and hospital.

  12. A Near-Infrared Multiplicity Survey of Class I/Flat-Spectrum Systems in Six Nearby Molecular Clouds

    CERN Document Server

    Haisch, K E; Barsony, M; Stahler, S W; Jr., Karl E. Haisch; Greene, Thomas P.; Barsony, Mary; Stahler, Steven W.

    2003-01-01

    We present new near-IR observations of 76 Class I/flat-spectrum objects in the nearby (d < 320 pc) Perseus, Taurus, Chamaeleon I and II, rho Ophiuchi, and Serpens dark clouds. These observations are part of a larger systematic infrared multiplicity survey of self-embedded objects in the nearest dark clouds. When combined with the results of our previously published near-infrared multiplicity survey, we find a restricted companion star fraction of 14/79 (18% +/- 4%) of the sources surveyed to be binary or higher order multiple systems over a separation range of ~300 - 2000 AU with a magnitude difference $\\Delta$ K <= 4, and with no correction for background contamination or completeness. This is consistent with the fraction of binary/multiple systems found among older pre-main-sequence T Tauri stars in each of the Taurus, rho Ophiuchi, and Chamaeleon star-forming regions over a similar separation range, as well as the combined companion star fraction for these regions. However, the companion star fractio...

  13. Evacuation exercise at the Kindergarten

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Every year fire evacuation exercises are organized through out CERN and our facility's Kindergarten is no exception. Just a few weeks ago, a fire simulation was carried out in the Kindergarten kitchen facility using synthetic smoke. The purpose of the exercise was to teach staff to react in a disciplined and professional manner when in the presence of danger. The simulation is always carried out at a random time so as to ensure that people in the area under the test are not aware of the exercise. For the Kindergarten the exercise was held early in the school year so as to train those who are new to the establishment. The evacuation was a complete success and all went as it was supposed to. When the children and teachers smelt smoke they followed the prescribed evacuation routes and left the building immediately. Once outside the situation was revealed as an exercise and everyone went back to business as usual, everyone that is, except the fire brigade and fire inspector.  The fire brigade checked t...

  14. Relationships of Teachers' Language and Explicit Vocabulary Instruction to Students' Vocabulary Growth in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowne, Jocelyn Bonnes; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Snow, Catherine E.

    2017-01-01

    This study evaluates the relationships between aspects of Chilean teachers' explicit vocabulary instruction and students' vocabulary development in kindergarten. Classroom videotapes of whole-class instruction gathered during a randomized experimental evaluation of a coaching-based professional development program were analyzed. The amount of…

  15. Impact of an Affective Intervention on the Friendships of Kindergarteners with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Lori E.; Ostrosky, Michaelene M.

    2016-01-01

    This efficacy study investigated whether a class-wide disability awareness curriculum would result in increased close friendships for 26 kindergarteners with disabilities enrolled in six inclusive classrooms. Findings suggest that participation in a disability awareness curriculum alone does not lead to increased friendships. Evidence suggests…

  16. Auditory Training and Its Effects upon the Auditory Discrimination and Reading Readiness of Kindergarten Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Minga Mustard

    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of a systematic auditory training program on the auditory discrimination ability and reading readiness of 55 white, middle/upper middle class kindergarten students. Following pretesting with the "Wepman Auditory Discrimination Test,""The Clymer-Barrett Prereading Battery," and the…

  17. Kinder Habitats: Teacher Perspectives and the Results of a Professional Development on Managing Kindergarten Literacy Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Allyson Laura

    2013-01-01

    Kindergarten teachers are being asked to deliver differentiated small-group literacy instruction. The problem is managing the independent work being done by the rest of the class during the literacy period. Research on early childhood development and literacy indicates that the classroom environment plays an important role in supporting student…

  18. Understanding Science Achievement Gaps by Race/Ethnicity and Gender in Kindergarten and First Grade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, F. Chris; Kellogg, Ann T.

    2016-01-01

    Disparities in science achievement across race and gender have been well documented in secondary and postsecondary school; however, the science achievement gap in the early years of elementary school remains understudied. We present findings from the recently released Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 that…

  19. Professional Development Schools and Early Childhood Education: Interactive Skills of Students, Playgroup and Kindergarten Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Roos, Simone A.; van der Heijden, Monique H. R. M. A.; Gorter, Ruud J.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines professional development activities for students and teachers in two Dutch professional development schools (PDSs). The PDSs consist of a partnership between the kindergarten classes of the elementary school and accompanying playgroup (with children aged 4-6 and 2.6-4, respectively), a teacher's training college and a research…

  20. Understanding Science Achievement Gaps by Race/Ethnicity and Gender in Kindergarten and First Grade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, F. Chris; Kellogg, Ann T.

    2016-01-01

    Disparities in science achievement across race and gender have been well documented in secondary and postsecondary school; however, the science achievement gap in the early years of elementary school remains understudied. We present findings from the recently released Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 that…

  1. Kindergarteners' Concept Development in Science and Literacy Learning through Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moffit, Char Adelia

    2013-01-01

    The notion that "real work" is somehow different from authentic and engaging discovery is troublesome. (Passman, 2001, p.196). This qualitative case study examined science concept and literacy learning along with engagement of the students in a Kindergarten class in which science and literacy instruction was integrated through…

  2. A Sub-arcsecond Survey Toward Class 0 Protostars in Perseus: Searching for Signatures of Protostellar Disks

    CERN Document Server

    Tobin, John J; Wilner, David J; Kwon, Woojin; Chandler, Claire J; Bourke, Tyler L; Loinard, Laurent; Chiang, Hsin-Fang; Schnee, Scott; Chen, Xuepeng

    2015-01-01

    We present a CARMA 1.3 mm continuum survey toward 9 Class 0 protostars in the Perseus molecular cloud at $\\sim$0.3$^{\\prime\\prime}$ (70 AU) resolution. This study approximately doubles the number of Class 0 protostars observed with spatial resolutions $$ 100 AU around 2 sources (L1448 IRS2 and Per-emb-14) and these sources may be strong disk candidates. Marginally-resolved structures with position angles within 30$^{\\circ}$ of perpendicular to the outflow are found toward 3 protostars (L1448 IRS3C, IRAS 03282+3035, and L1448C) and are considered disk candidates. Two others (L1448 IRS3B and IRAS 03292+3039) have resolved structure, possibly indicative of massive inner envelopes or disks; L1448 IRS3B also has a companion separated by 0.9$^{\\prime\\prime}$ ($\\sim$210 AU). IC348-MMS does not have well-resolved structure and the candidate first hydrostatic core L1451-MMS is marginally resolved on 1$^{\\prime\\prime}$ scales. The strong disk candidate sources were followed-up with C$^{18}$O ($J=2\\rightarrow1$) observa...

  3. Goat milk acceptance and promotion methods in Japan: The questionnaire survey to middle class households.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozawa, Takeyuki; Mukuda, Kumiko; Fujita, Masaru; Nishitani, Jiro

    2009-04-01

    A consumer questionnaire conducted with the purpose of ascertaining the acceptability of goat milk and related products in Japan was carried out on 345 guarantees of Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University in December 2006. 275 effective responses (79%) representing middle class urban households were returned. The results revealed that (1) 30% of respondents have experienced drinking goat milk and only 10% are aware of the current retail situation of goat milk and related products; (2) over 70% of goat milk drinkers raised goats by hand at some point in their past and their first experience drinking goat milk was in infancy; (3) those with experience in drinking goat milk expressed a vague evaluation and minimal understanding of drinking goat milk; (4) respondents who were inexperienced goat milk drinkers expressed a strong desire to taste and a weak desire to purchase goat milk; (5) respondents expressed low recognition regarding retailed goat milk products, but those who had already purchased goat milk products expressed a high evaluation and strong desire to purchase these products again; and (6) recognition of goat milk characteristics is low, but those with high recognition also rate goat milk highly. Goats are perceived as being 'mild and familiar.' It is necessary for those who manage goat husbandry to present goat milk and related product tasting opportunities to consumers. The key point is to make the functional differences between cow and goat milk clear and present the advantages of goat milk at the fore of this promotion. Goat milk should not be promoted merely as a drink that is similar to cow milk, but must be positioned as a functional drink or health food in order to expand the Japanese goat milk market.

  4. Serving Young Learners: Exploring Junior Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawton, Stephen B.

    2012-01-01

    Full-day kindergarten programs did not survive the recession in some states, where districts reduced them to half-day programs in light of severe funding cuts. Now, with rising tax revenues and falling unemployment rates, the restoration of full-day kindergarten is back on the agenda. However, now that funds are available, is restoring full-day…

  5. For Parents: An Introduction to Kindergarten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Brunswick Dept. of Education, Fredericton. Student Services Branch.

    This booklet for parents explains the activities that take place in kindergarten and the characteristics of kindergarten staff. Also discussed is the manner in which the activities and staff help children develop. Activities considered center around dramatic play; children helping themselves and others; pets; cooking; snacks; exercise; reading and…

  6. 44 GHz Class I Methanol (CH$_{3}$OH) Maser Survey in the Galactic Center

    CERN Document Server

    McEwen, Bridget; Sjouwerman, Loránt

    2016-01-01

    We report on a large 44 GHz ($7_0-6_1$ A$^+$) methanol (CH$_3$OH) maser survey of the Galactic Center (GC). The Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array was used to search for CH$_3$OH maser emission covering a large fraction of the region around Sgr A. In 25 pointings, over 300 CH$_3$OH maser sources ($>10\\sigma$) were detected. The majority of the maser sources have a single peak emission spectrum with line of sight velocities that range from about $-$13 km\\,s$^{-1}$ to 72 km\\,s$^{-1}$. Most maser sources were found to have velocities around 35$-$55 km\\,s$^{-1}$, closely following velocities of neighboring interacting molecular clouds. The full width half maximum of each individual spectral feature is very narrow ($\\sim$0.85 km\\,s$^{-1}$ on average). In the north, where Sgr A East is known to be interacting with the 50 km\\,s$^{-1}$ molecular cloud, more than 100 44 GHz CH$_3$OH masers were detected. In addition, three other distinct concentrations of masers were found, which appear to be located closer to the interi...

  7. The play behavior of hearing-impaired kindergarten children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornelius, G; Hornett, D

    1990-10-01

    This exploratory study examined the cognitive and social play behaviors of hearing-impaired kindergarten children with regard to classroom instructional mode and communication strategies. Two classes were observed--one using sign communication and the other using an oral-based method of communication. Functional, constructive, dramatic, and social play behaviors were observed and documented. Statistically significant differences were found between the two groups of children with regard to social and dramatic play as well as with regard to levels of aggression. For example, children in the sign-based class demonstrated higher levels of social play behavior and lower levels of aggression than the children in the oral-based class. Guidelines and strategies to help children initiate and sustain play are suggested.

  8. Prevalence of Burnout Syndrome of Greek Child Care Workers and Kindergarten Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rentzou, Konstantina

    2015-01-01

    The present study, employing the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey, aims to compare and explore possible differences to the levels of burnout reported by the two main professional groups working in the early childhood education and care sector in Greece, that is kindergarten teachers and childcare workers. The correlation between the…

  9. Prevalence of Burnout Syndrome of Greek Child Care Workers and Kindergarten Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rentzou, Konstantina

    2015-01-01

    The present study, employing the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey, aims to compare and explore possible differences to the levels of burnout reported by the two main professional groups working in the early childhood education and care sector in Greece, that is kindergarten teachers and childcare workers. The correlation between the…

  10. Associations between pedagogues attitudes, praxis and policy in relation to physical activity of children in kindergarten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on associations between physical activity, pedagogue ’ s attitudes towards promoting physical activity and the physical activity policies (PAP) in kindergarten. The paper deals with data on physical activity of 3 – 6 year olds in kindergarten which originates from a cross...... and 693 integrated institutions returned the survey. The results show a relation between pedagogue ’ s attitudes towards promoting children ’ s physical activity and the number of children having moderately intense physical activity for at least one hour a day. The study also shows a positive association...

  11. The ALMA Protostellar Interferometric Line Survey (PILS). First results from an unbiased submillimeter wavelength line survey of the Class 0 protostellar binary IRAS 16293-2422 with ALMA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jørgensen, J. K.; van der Wiel, M. H. D.; Coutens, A.; Lykke, J. M.; Müller, H. S. P.; van Dishoeck, E. F.; Calcutt, H.; Bjerkeli, P.; Bourke, T. L.; Drozdovskaya, M. N.; Favre, C.; Fayolle, E. C.; Garrod, R. T.; Jacobsen, S. K.; Öberg, K. I.; Persson, M. V.; Wampfler, S. F.

    2016-11-01

    Context. The inner regions of the envelopes surrounding young protostars are characterized by a complex chemistry, with prebiotic molecules present on the scales where protoplanetary disks eventually may form. The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) provides an unprecedented view of these regions zooming in on solar system scales of nearby protostars and mapping the emission from rare species. Aims: The goal is to introduce a systematic survey, the Protostellar Interferometric Line Survey (PILS), of the chemical complexity of one of the nearby astrochemical templates, the Class 0 protostellar binary IRAS 16293-2422, using ALMA in order to understand the origin of the complex molecules formed in its vicinity. In addition to presenting the overall survey, the analysis in this paper focuses on new results for the prebiotic molecule glycolaldehyde, its isomers, and rarer isotopologues and other related molecules. Methods: An unbiased spectral survey of IRAS 16293-2422 covering the full frequency range from 329 to 363 GHz (0.8 mm) has been obtained with ALMA, in addition to a few targeted observations at 3.0 and 1.3 mm. The data consist of full maps of the protostellar binary system with an angular resolution of 0.5'' (60 AU diameter), a spectral resolution of 0.2 km s-1, and a sensitivity of 4-5 mJy beam-1 km s-1, which is approximately two orders of magnitude better than any previous studies. Results: More than 10 000 features are detected toward one component in the protostellar binary, corresponding to an average line density of approximately one line per 3 km s-1. Glycolaldehyde; its isomers, methyl formate and acetic acid; and its reduced alcohol, ethylene glycol, are clearly detected and their emission well-modeled with an excitation temperature of 300 K. For ethylene glycol both lowest state conformers, aGg' and gGg', are detected, the latter for the first time in the interstellar medium (ISM). The abundance of glycolaldehyde is comparable to or

  12. Research on the Current Situation of Rural Kindergarten Education and the Countermeasures:A Survey on Jinyuan District Kindergarten of Shanxi Province%农村幼儿园教育现状及对策研究--山西省晋源区幼儿园情况调研

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄瑶

    2013-01-01

    Rural education is not only an important content of promoting rural public affairs, but also an important historical task of constructing the socialist new countryside. As the first stage of rural basic education and the key period of child devel-opment, pre-school education should be attached to much im-portance, but the situation is not optimistic in Jinyuan District of Shanxi Province. How to effectively use the specific advantages and characteristics of kindergarten to develop pre-school educa-tion has become an important issue in rural pre-school educa-tion.%  农村教育不仅是促进农村公共事业发展的重要内容,也是建设社会主义新农村的重大历史任务。然而作为农村基础教育的第一阶段,作为儿童发展的关键时期,学前教育本应该得到大力发展,但就山西省晋源区农村幼儿园的发展状况来看,形势却不容乐观。那么,如何就农村幼儿园现状,积极利用其自身优势及特点开展幼儿教育,就成为了发展农村学前教育的重要问题。

  13. Parental stress in children’s adaptation to kindergarten: Sources and intensity of stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damjanović Dajana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The transition to kindergarten is a part of family life cycle and an expected developmental change that can induce stress and as such requires family adjustment. In this paper we deal with the types and sources of parental stress when a child enters the kindergarten and during the period of his/her adaptation. In the first phase of the study we conducted three focus group discussions, in which 20 parents participated. The second phase was designed for the questionnaire survey, in which the sample consisted of 163 parents. The data suggest that in parents’ experience the most frequent are stressful events related to the child’s reactions and changes in the child’s acquired habits. With less frequency parents reported about stress related to their own emotional reactions and changes in the family functioning. When compared, no significant differences were found between the fathers and mothers in terms of the frequency of the reported stress. Generally, parents estimate that stressful experience associated with children’s adaptation to kindergarten does not induce highly intense stress. Additionally, we found that mothers perceive the children’s period of adaptation to kindergarten significantly more stressful than fathers. Research findings can be important for future investigations about the effects of parental stress in the period of children’s adaptation to kindergarten on optimal family functioning, and for the practical implications for working with these families. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije: Efekti egzistencijalne nesigurnosti na pojedinca i porodicu u Srbiji

  14. Digital Mapping of Soil Drainage Classes Using Multitemporal RADARSAT-1 and ASTER Images and Soil Survey Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Abou Niang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Discriminant analysis classification (DAC and decision tree classifiers (DTC were used for digital mapping of soil drainage in the Bras-d’Henri watershed (QC, Canada using earth observation data (RADARSAT-1 and ASTER and soil survey dataset. Firstly, a forward stepwise selection was applied to each land use type identified by ASTER image in order to derive an optimal subset of soil drainage class predictors. The classification models were then applied to these subsets for each land use and merged to obtain a digital soil drainage map for the whole watershed. The DTC method provided better classification accuracies (29 to 92% than the DAC method (33 to 79% according to the land use type. A similarity measure (S was used to compare the best digital soil drainage map (DTC to the conventional soil drainage map. Medium to high similarities (0.6≤S<0.9 were observed for 83% (187 km2 of the study area while 3% of the study area showed very good agreement (S≥0.9. Few soil polygons showed very weak similarities (S<0.3. This study demonstrates the efficiency of combining radar and optical remote sensing data with a representative soil dataset for producing digital maps of soil drainage.

  15. Database design for a kindergarten Pastelka

    OpenAIRE

    Grombíř, Tomáš

    2010-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with analysis, creation of database for a kindergarten and installation of the designed database into the database system MySQL. Functionality of the proposed database was verified through an application written in PHP.

  16. Earthquakes in the kindergarten educate for risk mitigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mata, Isabel; Rodrigues, Isabel; Matias, Luis

    2016-04-01

    "Earthquakes in the kindergarten educate for risk mitigation" Isabel Rodrigues, Jardim de Infância D. Dinis, Odivelas, Isabel Mata, Secondary School Adelaide Cabette, Odivelas Luis Matias (UL / IDL), Instituto Dom Luiz, Universityof Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal In Portugal Education for risk is now recognized as a child training component and young learners should develop the right skills in the first years of life. School can have an important role in this process, as a privileged actor in the mobilization of every society, providing and promoting dynamic and educational practices aimed at the wider spectrum of education for citizenship, the adoption of safety behaviours, prevention and adequate management of risk. The Group of Schools Adelaide Cabette in Odivelas is now a set of schools, from Kindergarten to Secondary. Aiming at educating for risk prevention, we developed an experiment with a pre-school class directed to the seismic risk, which was extended to Earth Sciences because it is difficult to teach this topic to the youngest learners, either from Kindergarten or from Primary School, as they haven't learned enough about planet Earth (many don't even know that it is not flat but round like a ball). This experiment involved a working project 1, which was initially developed in one of the classrooms, in kindergarten D. Dinis, and many questions have been asked by the students. The explanation for the students' questions gave origin to a set of experiences developed in the Secondary school. The same class concluded the project in their own classroom. In this project the young learners could have contact with pre-school teachers, secondary and university researchers, thus promoting the sharing of different knowledge, including the scientific linked to the educational one. We would like to share our poster summarizing our experience which we feltwas not only a great challenge, but also a rewarding way to disseminate science to the youngest learners. 1. Keywords

  17. A Survey on the Job Satisfaction of Kindergarten Teachers in Hangzhou City%杭州市幼儿园教师工作满意度现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨鼎文

    2012-01-01

    研究表明,目前杭州市幼儿园教师的工作满意程度中等偏上。工作满意各维度的满意程度从高到低依次为人际关系、工作环境、工作本身、领导管理、进修升迁、薪资福利。教师的工作满意度随着学历的提高反而下降。随着年龄的增长、工作年限的增加和职称的提高呈上升趋势。合同制教师的满意度明显低于在编教师。%The conclusion is:at the present stage,kindergarten teachers' job satisfaction in Hangzhou is upper-middle.The job satisfaction rates of different dimensions from high to low are interpersonal relationship,working environment,work itself,management,promotion opportunity,salary and welfare.We will find that the higher education they have,the less satisfied the teachers feel.Their job satisfaction is raised with the growth of age.There is an obvious difference in job satisfaction between teachers on the permanent staff and contracted teachers.The job satisfaction of the latter is obviously lower than the former.

  18. Preschool Predictors of Kindergarten Language Outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Anne Walk; Hisako Matsuo; Alex Giovanoni

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to explore a variety of cognitive and social variables which are most relevant to children’s linguistic success in an educational setting. The study examines kindergarten English language outcomes in classrooms containing monolingual English speaking children and bilingual children who speak English and one other language. Data from the National Center for Early Development and Learning Multistate Study of Pre-Kindergarten (2001-2003) regarding c...

  19. Kindergarten Teachers' and Their Assistants' Knowledge of First Aid in Slovenian Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slabe, Damjan; Fink, Rok

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Rapid physical and mental development in childhood also brings about a high risk of being injured. Since children spend a large amount of their time in kindergarten, there is a possibility that they would be injured while there. Design: A questionnaire for professionals was sent to a Slovenian kindergarten. Setting: The aim of this…

  20. Nueva investigacion sobre kindergarten de dia completo (Recent Research on All-Day Kindergarten). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Patricia

    Noting that much of the early research on the effects of all-day kindergarten had serious problems with internal and external validity due to inadequate methodological standards, this Spanish-language digest reviews research conducted in the 1990s. The digest discusses the academic, social, and behavioral effects of all-day kindergarten, as well…

  1. A longitudinal analysis of science teaching and learning in kindergarten and first-grade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olgan, Refika

    This study attempted to determine how often science is taught in the early grades as well as the science topics taught in these grades. A related purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between science teaching and students' science achievement. In doing so, the analyses took into consideration the influence of gender, socioeconomic status (SES), and race/ethnicity on children's academic performance in science. By using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) kindergarten and first-grade data files, children's science Item Response Theory Scores (IRT) and Academic Rating Scores (ARS) were examined to measure the relationship between children's early science experiences in schools and their achievement on the "General Knowledge Assessment Battery". According to this study's findings science teaching and learning in kindergarten level is somewhat limited. Additionally, the science content taught in kindergarten is narrow. The results of cross-sectional and longitudinal multilevel analyses revealed that several student and school level factors can influence young children's science achievement in kindergarten and first-grade. Although there were inconsistent conclusions about male and female students' science achievement as assessed by direct and indirect assessment batteries, there was no association between children's science scores and their gender and the amount or degree of science practices in school. While results of the analyses clearly showed that socioeconomic status (SES) had the most influence on both kindergarten and first-grade children's science achievement, the findings related to the effects of different science practices on science achievement were inconsistent. The results showed that science instruction effects some children's science achievement more than others. The findings have important implications for policies governing the teaching of science in the early grades. A clear demand exist for

  2. Measurement of indoor radon concentration in kindergartens in Sofia, Bulgaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanova, Kremena; Stojanovska, Zdenka; Tsenova, Martina; Badulin, Viktor; Kunovska, Bistra

    2014-11-01

    As a part of the systematic survey of indoor radon in Bulgaria, the indoor radon concentration was measured in 296 kindergarten buildings of Sofia city during 3 months (February to April 2013) using the CR-39 nuclear tract detectors. In 256 buildings at least two frequently occupied rooms (mainly playrooms) were observed. Altogether, 922 measurements were performed. The frequency distribution was well described by the lognormal function. The measured radon concentrations range between 9 and 1415 Bq m(-3) with a geometric mean of 101 Bq m(-3) (2.08) and an arithmetic mean 132 Bq m(-3) with a standard deviation of 118 Bq m(-3). The radon concentrations obtained in this survey were compared with that in Sofia city dwellings obtained from a previous study. A detailed statistical analysis of the building factors was presented.

  3. Environmental Education from a Kindergarten to a University student, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, I.

    2013-12-01

    Importance of the environmental and disaster prevention education on the basis of science is increasing since the disaster by the Tohoku-Earthquake and Tsunami at the 11th March 2011, in Japan. Effective enforcement of the environmental education from a kindergarten to a University student is very important educational tool for protecting future earth's environment. This research reports the present situation and the practice example of environmental education of Japan. Particularly, I report practice of the environmental education in a class of Shimane University. In addition, I explain the actual situation of the environmental education for student from kindergarten to junior high school in Shimane Prefecture. I point out that 'Consciousness (In)', 'knowledge (About)', and 'action (For)' are important three factors based on my practice of the environmental education (e.g. UNESCO-Finland, 1974). That is 'consciousness (In)' means education in (or through) the environment. 'knowledge (About)' means education about environment. 'Action (FOR)' means education for environment. According to the present condition of the environmental education of a Japan, I arranged and redefined such three factors. That is three factors consist of two axis that are 'me' and 'others'. And National exists between them. condition of the environmental education of a Japan, I arranged and redefined such three factors. That is three factors consist of two axis that are 'me' and 'others'. And National exists between them.

  4. Read-Alouds in Kindergarten Classrooms: A Moment-by-Moment Approach to Analyzing Teacher-Child Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mascareño, Mayra; Deunk, Marjolein I.; Snow, Catherine E.; Bosker, Roel J.

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the study was to explore teacher-child interaction in 24 whole-class read-aloud sessions in Chilean kindergarten classrooms serving children from low socioeconomic backgrounds. Fifteen sessions focused on story meaning, and nine focused on language coding/decoding. We coded teacher and child turns for their function (i.e., teacher…

  5. Starting French in Kindergarten: The Effects of Program, Mother Tongue and Other Linguistic Experience on Second Language Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adiv, Ellen

    A study was carried out to assess the French language proficiency of kindergarten students enrolled in a French early immersion program and two "classes d'accueil," that is, a special program for non-French speaking immigrant children. The particular focus of the study was to investigate whether the level of proficiency in French is…

  6. Entering Kindergarten: A Portrait of American Children When They Begin School. Findings from the Condition of Education, 2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zill, Nicholas; West, Jerry

    With the launch of the U.S. Department of Education's Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99, measures of knowledge, skills, health, and behavior of a large and nationally representative sample of American Kindergartners are available. Drawing on data from the study, this report provides a portrait of kindergarten…

  7. Somatic symptom profiles in the general population: a latent class analysis in a Danish population-based health survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliasen M

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Marie Eliasen,1 Torben Jørgensen,1–3 Andreas Schröder,4 Thomas Meinertz Dantoft,1 Per Fink,4 Chalotte Heinsvig Poulsen,1,5 Nanna Borup Johansen,1 Lene Falgaard Eplov,5 Sine Skovbjerg,1 Svend Kreiner2 1Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Centre for Health, The Capital Region of Denmark, Glostrup, 2Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, 3Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, 4Research Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus C, 5Mental Health Centre Copenhagen, The Capital Region of Denmark, Hellerup, Denmark Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify and describe somatic symptom profiles in the general adult population in order to enable further epidemiological research within multiple somatic symptoms.Methods: Information on 19 self-reported common somatic symptoms was achieved from a population-based questionnaire survey of 36,163 randomly selected adults in the Capital Region of Denmark (55.4% women. The participants stated whether they had been considerably bothered by each symptom within 14 days prior to answering the questionnaire. We used latent class analysis to identify the somatic symptom profiles. The profiles were further described by their association with age, sex, chronic disease, and self-perceived health.Results: We identified 10 different somatic symptom profiles defined by number, type, and site of the symptoms. The majority of the population (74.0% had a profile characterized by no considerable bothering symptoms, while a minor group of 3.9% had profiles defined by a high risk of multiple somatic symptoms. The remaining profiles were more likely to be characterized by a few specific symptoms. The profiles could further be described by their associations with age, sex, chronic disease, and self-perceived health.Conclusion: The identified somatic symptom profiles could be distinguished by number, type, and site of

  8. Nature Preschools and Forest Kindergartens: The Handbook for Outdoor Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobel, David

    2016-01-01

    "Nature Preschools and Forest Kindergartens" is the latest from environmental education expert David Sobel. Joined by a variety of colleagues to share their experiences and steps for creating a successful forest kindergarten program, "Nature Preschools and Forest Kindergartens" walks you through the European roots of the…

  9. The Predictive Validity of the Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustyniak, Kristine M.; Cook-Cottone, Catherine P.; Calabrese, Nancy

    2004-01-01

    This study assesses the predictive validity of the Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale (PKRS) for later academic achievement and explores the utility of a domain-specific measure of kindergarten readiness. Kindergarten readiness scores were significantly correlated with both math and language arts achievement as measured by New York State…

  10. Mathematics Content Coverage and Student Learning in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Mimi; Claessens, Amy; Watts, Tyler; Farkas, George

    2016-01-01

    Analyzing data from two nationally representative kindergarten cohorts, we examine the mathematics content teachers cover in kindergarten. We expand upon prior research, finding that kindergarten teachers report emphasizing basic mathematics content. Although teachers reported increased coverage of advanced content between the 1998-1999 and…

  11. Reclaiming Kindergarten: Part II--Questions about Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gullo, Dominic F.; Hughes, Kim

    2011-01-01

    Part II of "Reclaiming Kindergarten" continues the discussion related to responding to the crisis in today's kindergarten. In Part II, two policy questions are posed, the answers to which seek to respond to this continuing crisis. The questions center on issues related to engaging families in kindergarten and the need to consider a new early…

  12. Impact of California's Transitional Kindergarten Program, 2013-14

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manship, Karen; Quick, Heather; Holod, Aleksandra; Mills, Nicholas; Ogut, Burhan; Chernoff, Jodi Jacobson; Blum, Jarah; Hauser, Alison; Anthony, Jennifer; González, Raquel

    2015-01-01

    Transitional kindergarten--the first year of a two-year kindergarten program for California children born between September 2 and December 2--is intended to better prepare young five-year-olds for kindergarten and ensure a strong start to their educational career. The goal of this study was to measure the success of the program by determining the…

  13. Kindergarten Teachers' Professional Training and Their Social Status in Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Guang-Lea; Myers, Donald A.; Kim, Kyoung Jin

    2009-01-01

    This article describes kindergarten teachers' professional training and their social status in Korea. It includes discussions of the historical development of Korea's kindergarten teacher training system and pedagogical methods, the unequal social status of kindergarten teachers, and the implementation of innovative pedagogical practices modeled…

  14. A Comparative Study of a Kodaly-Based Developmental Music Program and a Traditional Public School Music Program at the Kindergarten Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Rodger James

    A 9-month longitudinal study of two kindergarten classes compared two types of music instruction: a Kodaly-based developmental music program and a traditional public school music program. The class taught through the Kodaly method received instruction that emphasized the development of rhythmic and melodic perception through visual, aural, and…

  15. FORMATION OF BEHAVIOUR RULES OF CHILDREN WITH INTELLECTUAL DEFECTS, BROUGHT UP IN A SUBSIDIARY KINDERGARTEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefka CINCEVA

    1997-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to determine the level of skills of right behavior acquired by the children from the subsidiary kindergarten on the background of their clinical characteristics.48 children with light and medium level of mind insufficiency from the subsidiary kindergarten have been studied. The personal records of the children, enclosing their social status, physical development, neuro-psychological development along with the conclusions made by the medico-pedagogic committee and the characteristic made by a pedagogue and a specialist in defects. Individual talks with children have been carried out as well as observations during the different classes and regimen periods.The analyzes of the results show that the children with light as well as with medium mind insufficiency in the kindergarten acquire three important schools in integrating themselves in society, these of subject practical activity, of collective plays and speech communication. The whole rectify-educational work in the subsidiary kindergarten helps the child to pass through these schools in a way, in accordance with its psycho physical peculiarities.

  16. Empirical learning of children at kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valovičová, Ľubomíra; Sollárová, Eva

    2017-01-01

    In the report we propose some results of psychology research, associated with development of kindergarten children's creativity, which in the course of one school year in kindergarten completed activities related to physics. Experience shows that the children at this evolution stage are not only capable of but also interested in discovering and getting to know new things. To this end, it is needed to motivate children and enable them to discover the beauty of physics. One possibility is to create educational activities for kindergarten children. In such activities children can investigate, discover, and indirectly learn physics. The goal is to develop physical thinking, natural sciences knowledge, and their personality and intellectual potential. In realization of some of them children practice their motoric and logical thinking as well as some skills.

  17. ICTs and Special Education in Kindergarten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Athanasios Drigas

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Recent development in the role of special education in kindergarten children includes the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs. ICT nowadays is recognized as a tool that can foster the knowledge and the experiences for this crucial age and the support of specific areas in kindergarten according to the educational perspective and the areas of needs they serve is thought significant. In this paper we present a brief overview of the most representative studies of the last decade (2003-2013 which concentrates on the most frequent difficulties that children face in kindergarten and are supported by ICTs. The effectiveness of ICT in gifted and bilingual children is also presented.

  18. Toward understanding the formation of multiple systems - A pilot IRAM-PdBI survey of Class 0 objects

    CERN Document Server

    Maury, A J; Hennebelle, P; Motte, F; Stamatellos, D; Bate, M; Belloche, A; Duchene, G; Whitworth, A

    2010-01-01

    The formation process of binary stars and multiple systems is poorly understood. Here, we seek to determine the typical outcome of protostellar collapse and to constrain models of binary formation by core fragmentation during collapse, using high-resolution millimeter continuum imaging of very young (Class 0) protostars observed at the beginning of the main accretion phase. We carried out a pilot high-resolution study of 5 Class 0 objects, using the most extended (A) configuration of the IRAM PdBI at 1.3 mm, which allow us to probe the multiplicity of Class 0 protostars down to separations a ~50 AU and circumstellar mass ratios q ~0.07. We show that our PdBI observations revealed only wide (>1500 AU) protobinary systems and/or outflow-generated features. When combined with previous millimeter interferometric observations of Class 0 protostars, our pilot PdBI study tentatively suggests that the binary fraction in the ~ 75-1000 AU range increases from the Class 0 to the Class I stage. It also seems to argue aga...

  19. Students' Motivations for Choosing (Or Not) to Study Portuguese: A Survey of Beginning-Level University Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateman, Blair E.; de Almeida Oliveira, Desirée

    2014-01-01

    Although previous literature has discussed ways of promoting the study of Portuguese, to our knowledge no study has ever directly surveyed students to ascertain why they chose to learn the language. This study reports on a survey of the motivations of first- and second-year Portuguese students to study the language, and contrasts their motivations…

  20. Course Objectives in the "Window-to-the-Field" Class: A Survey of Mass Communications and Society Instructors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Gerald, Ed.

    This document reports the results of a survey in which 126 introductory mass communication course instructors were asked to assign priority rankings to 44 course content items and to indicate the extent to which the items were emphasized in their courses. The document first summarizes the two studies on which the survey was based and presents…

  1. Attitudes toward stuttering of nonstuttering preschool and kindergarten children: A comparison using a standard instrument prototype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weidner, Mary E; St Louis, Kenneth O; Burgess, Megan E; LeMasters, Staci N

    2015-06-01

    This study investigated attitudes of nonstuttering preschool and kindergarten children toward peers who stutter in order to identify differences by age groups and better understand the genesis of stuttering attitudes. The study also examined the use of a new stuttering attitudes instrument designed for use with young children. The newly developed Public Opinion Survey on Human Attributes-Stuttering/Child was verbally administered to 27 preschool and 24 kindergarten children who do not stutter in the mid-Atlantic region of the USA. Overall, preschoolers held more negative stuttering attitudes than kindergarteners, but results were not uniformly in that direction. In both groups, the attribute of stuttering was viewed more negatively than individuals who stutter. Children viewed the potential of peers who stutter as quite positive, whereas their knowledge about and experience with stuttering were generally limited and some of their beliefs quite negative. Negative or uninformed stuttering attitudes among nonstuttering children begin as early as the preschool years. This study provides empirical evidence for the need to educate young children about the nature of stuttering and how to respond appropriately to peers who stutter. Readers should be able to: (a) describe attitudinal differences between kindergarteners and preschoolers toward peers who stutter; (b) describe the parameters of the POSHA-S/Child; (c) describe the nature of stuttering attitudes in young children relative to their beliefs and self reactions; and (d) describe the implications and future direction of stuttering attitude research in young children. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. 2006 Public Opinion Survey on Education in Indiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plucker, Jonathan A.; Spradlin, Terry E.; Zapf, Jason S.; Chien, Rosanne W.

    2007-01-01

    The 2006 Public Opinion Survey on Education in Indiana gauged the attitudes and perceptions of a representative sample of Hoosiers on such key educational issues as kindergarten and pre-kindergarten programs, No Child Left Behind and P.L. 221, school funding and taxes, teacher quality, school choice and charter schools, and the achievement gap in…

  3. Enrichment in Pre-Kindergarten Life Predicts Initiation of Cigarette Smoking in Asian American and Hispanic/Latino Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xinguang; Weiss, Jie Wu

    2007-01-01

    The risk of tobacco use during adolescence may be traced back to early childhood, the time when a child is most vulnerable to environmental influence. We examined daily-life enrichment during pre-kindergarten period as a predictor of initiation of cigarette smoking among Asian American and Hispanic/Latino children during adolescence. Survey data…

  4. An Assessment of Nutrition Education in Selected Counties in New York State Elementary Schools (Kindergarten through Fifth Grade)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Sheldon O.; Pinero, Domingo J.; Alter, Mark M.; Lancaster, Kristie J.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To assess the extent to which nutrition education is implemented in selected counties in New York State elementary schools (kindergarten through fifth grade) and explore how nutrition knowledge is presented in the classroom and what factors support it. Design: Cross-sectional, self-administered survey. Setting: New York State elementary…

  5. The relationship between facial skeletal class and expert-rated interpersonal skill: an epidemiological survey on young Italian adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tremolizzo Lucio

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The facial region plays a major role in determining physical attractiveness, so we assessed the hypothesis that the capability of successfully managing interpersonal relationships in young adults might be related to the facial skeletal class. Methods 1,014 young subjects applying to the Military Academy of Pozzuoli, Italy, were enrolled and the cephalometric evaluation was performed by calculating the angular relationships between skeletal points localized by the lateral cephalogram of the face, sorting the subjects in three groups corresponding to each major facial skeletal class. Concurrently, the subjects were evaluated by a team of psychiatrists administering the MMPI-2 test followed by a brief colloquium with each candidate, in order to identify those subjects characterized by low skills for managing interpersonal relationships. Results According to the psychiatric evaluation about 20% of the subjects were considered potentially unable to manage successfully interpersonal relationships (NS. Males displayed an about two-fold increased risk of being NS. No differences were shown in the distribution of the NS male subjects among the three different facial skeletal classes. On the other hand, NS females displayed a different distribution among the three facial skeletal classes, with a trend of about two-fold and four-fold, respectively, for those subjects belonging to classes II and III, respect to those belonging to class I. Conclusion Females may be more sensitive to physical factors determining beauty, such as the facial morphology certainly is. This finding appears to be interesting especially when thinking about possible orthodontic interventions, although further study is certainly needed to confirm these results.

  6. The relationship between facial skeletal class and expert-rated interpersonal skill: an epidemiological survey on young Italian adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senna, Andrea; Abbenante, Domenico; Tremolizzo, Lucio; Campus, Guglielmo; Strohmenger, Laura

    2006-01-01

    Background The facial region plays a major role in determining physical attractiveness, so we assessed the hypothesis that the capability of successfully managing interpersonal relationships in young adults might be related to the facial skeletal class. Methods 1,014 young subjects applying to the Military Academy of Pozzuoli, Italy, were enrolled and the cephalometric evaluation was performed by calculating the angular relationships between skeletal points localized by the lateral cephalogram of the face, sorting the subjects in three groups corresponding to each major facial skeletal class. Concurrently, the subjects were evaluated by a team of psychiatrists administering the MMPI-2 test followed by a brief colloquium with each candidate, in order to identify those subjects characterized by low skills for managing interpersonal relationships. Results According to the psychiatric evaluation about 20% of the subjects were considered potentially unable to manage successfully interpersonal relationships (NS). Males displayed an about two-fold increased risk of being NS. No differences were shown in the distribution of the NS male subjects among the three different facial skeletal classes. On the other hand, NS females displayed a different distribution among the three facial skeletal classes, with a trend of about two-fold and four-fold, respectively, for those subjects belonging to classes II and III, respect to those belonging to class I. Conclusion Females may be more sensitive to physical factors determining beauty, such as the facial morphology certainly is. This finding appears to be interesting especially when thinking about possible orthodontic interventions, although further study is certainly needed to confirm these results. PMID:17032444

  7. Universal Screening for Writing Risk in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coker, David L., Jr.; Ritchey, Kristen D.

    2014-01-01

    Early identification of students at risk for writing disabilities is an important step in improving writing performance. Kindergarten students (n = 84) were administered a set of researcher-developed writing tasks (letter writing, sound spelling, word spelling, and sentence writing) and school-administered reading tasks ("Dynamic Indicators…

  8. The Professional Project among Danish Kindergarten Teachers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøje, Jakob Ditlev

    2016-01-01

    is realised as, respectively, a female professional project and a male qualification project. The consequences of these two projects are discussed in terms of ways they seem to produce and reproduce kindergarten teachers’ work. The article is based on ethnographic observations and interviews with newly...

  9. INTERPRETING MODERN MATHEMATICS GRADES KINDERGARTEN THROUGH SIX.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Diego County Dept. of Education, CA.

    A TELEVISION SERIES ENTITLED "INTERPRETING MODERN MATHEMATICS" IS SPONSORED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION OF SAN DIEGO COUNTY AS AN INSERVICE EDUCATIONAL SERVICE FOR TEACHERS OF GRADES KINDERGARTEN THROUGH SIX. THE SERIES IS NOT INTENDED TO OFFER A COMPREHENSIVE COURSE IN MODERN MATHEMATICS, BUT RATHER TO DEAL WITH THE CONTENT,…

  10. Bringing Space Science into the Kindergarten Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonett, D. M.; Little, K. E.

    2000-01-01

    With the advent of probes to Mars and the construction of the ISS, it is not presumptuous to introduce 5-year-olds to space science. A variety of projects have been implemented to integrate space science into the kindergarten curriculum.

  11. Preschool Predictors of Kindergarten Language Outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Walk

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to explore a variety of cognitive and social variables which are most relevant to children’s linguistic success in an educational setting. The study examines kindergarten English language outcomes in classrooms containing monolingual English speaking children and bilingual children who speak English and one other language. Data from the National Center for Early Development and Learning Multistate Study of Pre-Kindergarten (2001-2003 regarding classroom and student characteristics were used for bilingual (N = 120 and monolingual (N = 534 children. Hierarchical regression analysis (Study 1 and path analysis (Study 2 were conducted to determine the cognitive and social variables present in preschool that are most predictive of English skills in kindergarten. The results of the studies demonstrate that social variables were important for both monolingual and bilingual children. Personality variables were more predictive for monolingual children, whereas teacher relationship variables were more important for bilingual children. Simple and routine adult interaction was predictive of English skills in both groups, which may indicate the importance of implicit learning over explicit instruction in early language acquisition. The present studies found different predictors of English language skills for monolingual and bilingual kindergarteners.

  12. The Differential Effects of Repeating Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkam, David T.; LoGerfo, Laura; Ready, Doug; Lee, Valerie E.

    2007-01-01

    We use the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study to investigate national patterns addressing (a) who repeats kindergarten, and (b) the subsequent cognitive effects of this event. Using OLS regression techniques, we investigate 1st-time kindergartners who are promoted, 1st-time kindergartners who are retained, and children who are already repeating…

  13. Kindergarteners, Fish, and Worms ... Oh My!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plevyak, Linda; Arlington, Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    Children are natural scientists. They do what professional scientists do, but for slightly different and less conscious reasons--whether observing water flowing down a pipe, investigating how to make different colors with paints, or reasoning through a series of problems in relation to building a bridge. A kindergarten teacher wanted to expand and…

  14. Children's Voices on Bullying in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helgeland, Anne; Lund, Ingrid

    2017-01-01

    Research suggests that bullying does occur in kindergarten. The extent of bullying in Norway and other Scandinavian countries is estimated to be about 12%. The purpose of this study is to investigate children's understanding and experiences of bullying. We use a qualitative approach and have conducted individual interviews and focus group…

  15. Nutritional Intervention and Breakfast Behavior of Kindergartens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongqing GAO

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: To examine the effect of nutritional education on children’s breakfast patternsMethods: A kindergarten based nutrition intervention was started in September 2001 among 8 kindergartens in Hefei with a total of 2,012 children aged 4-6 years and their parent pairs.Results: Monthly nutrition education sessions were held over two semesters in kindergartens part of the intervention arm.  The approach in education and the content of other activities were uniform across all the kindergartens. A validated questionnaire was used to record breakfast behavior over 7 days including at least one weekend. The parents recorded the children’s breakfast pattern (frequency, time, and food selection at baseline, middle, and end of the study. After intervention, there were significant differences at the final stage, but none at the baseline before intervention. There were changes not only in breakfast frequency, but also in the breakfast selectionConclusion: The breakfast pattern of Chinese children can be modified through nutrition education after a long term intervention. Keywords: Breakfast, Children, Intervention, China

  16. Computer Programming by Kindergarten Children Using LOGO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munro-Mavrias, Sandra

    Conservation ability, spatial motor ability, age, and gender were used as predictive variables in a study of 26 kindergarten children's computer programming ability. A preliminary pilot study with first graders had suggested that programming success was related to the ability to reverse thought processes. In both studies, children were taught to…

  17. The Interrelationships of Mathematical Precursors in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cirino, Paul T.

    2011-01-01

    This study evaluated the interrelations among cognitive precursors across quantitative, linguistic, and spatial attention domains that have been implicated for math achievement in young children. The dimensionality of the quantity precursors was evaluated in 286 kindergarteners via latent variable techniques, and the contribution of precursors…

  18. Children's Voices on Bullying in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helgeland, Anne; Lund, Ingrid

    2017-01-01

    Research suggests that bullying does occur in kindergarten. The extent of bullying in Norway and other Scandinavian countries is estimated to be about 12%. The purpose of this study is to investigate children's understanding and experiences of bullying. We use a qualitative approach and have conducted individual interviews and focus group…

  19. Preschool Predictors of Kindergarten Language Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walk, Anne; Matsuo, Hisako; Giovanoni, Alex

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to explore a variety of cognitive and social variables which are most relevant to children's linguistic success in an educational setting. The study examines kindergarten English language outcomes in classrooms containing monolingual English speaking children and bilingual children who speak English and one other…

  20. Cognitive Modes in Black Kindergarten Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boone, Sherle; And Others

    This study employs the techniques developed by Wallach and Kogan as creativity instruments in conjunction with the Harris-Goodenough Draw-A-Man test as an I.Q. estimate and the Comtois Early Childhood Rating Scales as an indicator of classroom behavioral characteristics. The sample is a group of 19 black kindergarten children. The…

  1. What's Going On in the Children's Garden? Kindergarten Today. Research in Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graue, Elizabeth

    2001-01-01

    Explores current practices in kindergarten education and describes the knowledge base related to kindergarten. Considers implications for making kindergarten a place where children can grow, learn, and thrive. Includes discussion of the kindergarten students, readiness-based interventions, scheduling, and kindergarten activities. (KB)

  2. Disentangling women's responses on complex dietary intake patterns from an Indian cross-sectional survey: a latent class analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Padmadas, S.; Dias, J.; Willekens, F.J.C.

    2006-01-01

    Objective To investigate the degree of individual heterogeneity related to complex dietary behaviour and to further examine the associations of different dietary compositions with selected characteristics. Design Latent class analysis was applied to data from the recent cross-sectional National

  3. Disentangling women's responses on complex dietary intake patterns from an Indian cross-sectional survey : a latent class analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Padmadas, SS; Dias, JG; Willekens, FJ

    Objective To investigate the degree of individual heterogeneity related to complex dietary behaviour and to further examine the associations of different dietary compositions with selected characteristics. Design Latent class analysis was applied to data from the recent cross-sectional National

  4. Disentangling women's responses on complex dietary intake patterns from an Indian cross-sectional survey : a latent class analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Padmadas, SS; Dias, JG; Willekens, FJ

    2006-01-01

    Objective To investigate the degree of individual heterogeneity related to complex dietary behaviour and to further examine the associations of different dietary compositions with selected characteristics. Design Latent class analysis was applied to data from the recent cross-sectional National Fami

  5. Disentangling women's responses on complex dietary intake patterns from an Indian cross-sectional survey: a latent class analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Padmadas, S.; Dias, J.; Willekens, F.J.C.

    2006-01-01

    Objective To investigate the degree of individual heterogeneity related to complex dietary behaviour and to further examine the associations of different dietary compositions with selected characteristics. Design Latent class analysis was applied to data from the recent cross-sectional National Fami

  6. Supersizing E-Learning: What a CoI Survey Reveals about Teaching Presence in a Large Online Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagel, Lynette; Kotze, Theuns G.

    2010-01-01

    The answer to massification in higher education lies not in paper-behind-glass style e-learning. Such courses lack the necessary interaction to ensure success. There are perceived upper limits to where e-learning can be up scaled to accommodate large classes. The Community of Inquiry framework provides a convenient instrument to assess the quality…

  7. Administration of the adrenaline auto-injector at the nursery/kindergarten/school in Western Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujitaka, Michiko; Ogata, Mika; Zaitsu, Masafumi; Motomura, Chikako; Kuzume, Kazuyo; Toku, Yuchiro; Ikeda, Masanori; Odajima, Hiroshi

    2017-01-01

    Background In view of the increasing prevalence of food allergies, there has been an associated increase in frequency of situations requiring an emergency response for anaphylaxis at the home, childcare facilities and educational institutions. Objective To clarify the situation of adrenaline auto-injector administration in nursery/kindergarten/school, we carried out a questionnaire survey on pediatric physicians in Western Japan. Methods In 2015, self-reported questionnaires were mailed to 421 physicians who are members of the West Japan Research Society Pediatric Clinical Allergy and Shikoku Research Society Pediatric Clinical Allergy. Results The response rate was 44% (185 physicians) where 160 physicians had a prescription registration for the adrenaline auto-injector. In the past year, 1,330 patients were prescribed the adrenaline auto-injector where 83 patients (6% of the prescribed patients) actually administered the adrenaline auto-injector, of which 14 patients (17% of the administered patients) self-administered the adrenaline auto-injector. “Guardians” at the nursery/kindergarten and elementary school were found to have administered the adrenaline auto-injector the most. Among 117 adrenaline auto-injector prescription-registered physicians, 79% had experienced nonadministration of adrenaline auto-injector at nursery/kindergarten/school when anaphylaxis has occurred. The most frequent reason cited for not administering the adrenaline auto-injector was “hesitation about the timing of administration.” Conclusion If the adrenaline auto-injector was administered after the guardian arrived at the nursery/kindergarten/school, it may lead to delayed treatment of anaphylaxis in which symptoms develop in minutes. Education and cooperation among physicians and nursery/kindergarten/school staff will reduce the number of children suffering unfortunate outcomes due to anaphylaxis. PMID:28154804

  8. Administration of the adrenaline auto-injector at the nursery/kindergarten/school in Western Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korematsu, Seigo; Fujitaka, Michiko; Ogata, Mika; Zaitsu, Masafumi; Motomura, Chikako; Kuzume, Kazuyo; Toku, Yuchiro; Ikeda, Masanori; Odajima, Hiroshi

    2017-01-01

    In view of the increasing prevalence of food allergies, there has been an associated increase in frequency of situations requiring an emergency response for anaphylaxis at the home, childcare facilities and educational institutions. To clarify the situation of adrenaline auto-injector administration in nursery/kindergarten/school, we carried out a questionnaire survey on pediatric physicians in Western Japan. In 2015, self-reported questionnaires were mailed to 421 physicians who are members of the West Japan Research Society Pediatric Clinical Allergy and Shikoku Research Society Pediatric Clinical Allergy. The response rate was 44% (185 physicians) where 160 physicians had a prescription registration for the adrenaline auto-injector. In the past year, 1,330 patients were prescribed the adrenaline auto-injector where 83 patients (6% of the prescribed patients) actually administered the adrenaline auto-injector, of which 14 patients (17% of the administered patients) self-administered the adrenaline auto-injector. "Guardians" at the nursery/kindergarten and elementary school were found to have administered the adrenaline auto-injector the most. Among 117 adrenaline auto-injector prescription-registered physicians, 79% had experienced nonadministration of adrenaline auto-injector at nursery/kindergarten/school when anaphylaxis has occurred. The most frequent reason cited for not administering the adrenaline auto-injector was "hesitation about the timing of administration." If the adrenaline auto-injector was administered after the guardian arrived at the nursery/kindergarten/school, it may lead to delayed treatment of anaphylaxis in which symptoms develop in minutes. Education and cooperation among physicians and nursery/kindergarten/school staff will reduce the number of children suffering unfortunate outcomes due to anaphylaxis.

  9. To what extent do financial strain and labour force status explain social class inequalities in self-rated health? Analysis of 20 countries in the European Social Survey.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard J Shaw

    Full Text Available Nordic countries do not have the smallest health inequalities despite egalitarian social policies. A possible explanation for this is that drivers of class differences in health such as financial strain and labour force status remain socially patterned in Nordic countries.Our analyses used data for working age (25-59 men (n = 48,249 and women (n = 52,654 for 20 countries from five rounds (2002-2010 of the European Social Survey. The outcome was self-rated health in 5 categories. Stratified by gender we used fixed effects linear regression models and marginal standardisation to instigate how countries varied in the degree to which class inequalities were attenuated by financial strain and labour force status.Before adjustment, Nordic countries had large inequalities in self-rated health relative to other European countries. For example the regression coefficient for the difference in health between working class and professional men living in Norway was 0.34 (95% CI 0.26 to 0.42, while the comparable figure for Spain was 0.15 (95% CI 0.08 to 0.22. Adjusting for financial strain and labour force status led to attenuation of health inequalities in all countries. However, unlike some countries such as Spain, where after adjustment the regression coefficient for working class men was only 0.02 (95% CI -0.05 to 0.10, health inequalities persisted after adjustment for Nordic countries. For Norway the adjusted coefficient was 0.17 (95% CI 0.10 to 0.25. Results for women and men were similar. However, in comparison to men, class inequalities tended to be stronger for women and more persistent after adjustment.Adjusting for financial security and labour force status attenuates a high proportion of health inequalities in some counties, particularly Southern European countries, but attenuation in Nordic countries was modest and did not improve their relative position.

  10. A middle class image of society : A study of undercoverage and nonresponse bias in a telephone survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Goor, Henk; Rispens, S

    2004-01-01

    We studied undercoverage and nonresponse in a telephone survey among the population of the City of Groningen, the Netherlands. The original sample, drawn from the municipal population register, contained 7000 individuals. For 37 percent of them, the telephone company was unable to produce a valid te

  11. SURVEY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    SURVEY er en udbredt metode og benyttes inden for bl.a. samfundsvidenskab, humaniora, psykologi og sundhedsforskning. Også uden for forskningsverdenen er der mange organisationer som f.eks. konsulentfirmaer og offentlige institutioner samt marketingsafdelinger i private virksomheder, der arbejder...... med surveys. Denne bog gennemgår alle surveyarbejdets faser og giver en praktisk indføring i: • design af undersøgelsen og udvælgelse af stikprøver, • formulering af spørgeskemaer samt indsamling og kodning af data, • metoder til at analysere resultaterne...

  12. THE VLA NASCENT DISK AND MULTIPLICITY SURVEY: FIRST LOOK AT RESOLVED CANDIDATE DISKS AROUND CLASS 0 AND I PROTOSTARS IN THE PERSEUS MOLECULAR CLOUD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Segura-Cox, Dominique M.; Harris, Robert J.; Looney, Leslie W. [Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Tobin, John J. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2000-RA Leiden (Netherlands); Li, Zhi-Yun [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Chandler, Claire; Perez, Laura [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Kratter, Kaitlin [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Dunham, Michael M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Sadavoy, Sarah [Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Melis, Carl, E-mail: segurac2@illinois.edu [Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093 (United States)

    2016-02-01

    We present the first dust emission results toward a sample of seven protostellar disk candidates around Class 0 and I sources in the Perseus molecular cloud from the VLA Nascent Disk and Multiplicity (VANDAM) survey with ∼0.″05 or 12 AU resolution. To examine the surface brightness profiles of these sources, we fit the Ka-band 8 mm dust-continuum data in the u, v-plane to a simple, parametrized model based on the Shakura–Sunyaev disk model. The candidate disks are well-fit by a model with a disk-shaped profile and have masses consistent with known Class 0 and I disks. The inner-disk surface densities of the VANDAM candidate disks have shallower density profiles compared to disks around more evolved Class II systems. The best-fit model radii of the seven early-result candidate disks are R{sub c} > 10 AU; at 8 mm, the radii reflect lower limits on the disk size since dust continuum emission is tied to grain size and large grains radially drift inwards. These relatively large disks, if confirmed kinematically, are inconsistent with theoretical models where the disk size is limited by strong magnetic braking to <10 AU at early times.

  13. [Education and occupational social class: their relationship as indicators of socio-economic position to study social inequalities in health using health interview surveys].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coma, A; Martí, M; Fernández, E

    2003-01-01

    To analyse the relationship between social class based on occupation and level of education in the study of social inequalities in health and use of health services. DESSIGN: Cross-sectional study (health interview survey). General population of the city of Cornellà de Llobregat (Spain). Representative sample of subjects aged 14 years old or over (1043 men and 1101 women) who personally answered the questionnaire. We analyse the association between social class and level of studies and different independent variables (self-perceived health, smoking, medical visits) by means of logistic regression. The proportion of men who declare their self-perceived health as poor is higher among those who have low education (45.4%) than among those who have primary education level or higher (25.9%). The prevalence of smoking shows a similar pattern (54.2% versus 41.5%), with a gradient effect, which is statistically non-significant. However, these differences are no longer evident if social class is used to group the individuals. No clear association is observed between the use of health services and socio economic level. We need to use several indicators of socioeconomic position to evaluate social inequalities In this disadvantaged population, level of education seems to be a good indicator to study social inequalities in health.

  14. Students know what physicists believe, but they don’t agree: A study using the CLASS survey

    OpenAIRE

    Kara E. Gray; Wendy K. Adams; Wieman, Carl E.; Perkins, Katherine K.

    2008-01-01

    We measured what students perceive physicists to believe about physics and solving physics problems and how those perceptions differ from the students’ personal beliefs. In this study, we used a modified version of the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey which asked students to respond to each statement with both their personal belief and the response they thought a physicist would give. Students from three different types of university introductory physics courses were studied. ...

  15. Analysis and development of kindergarten team management (case study)

    OpenAIRE

    Jelen, Silvija

    2012-01-01

    Work of a kindergarten or school headmaster can be defined as school management, comprising both administrative and pedagogical management. An individual in the role of a headmaster has difficulties in performing numerous position-related tasks with the same desired quality, so it would be sensible to develop teamwork in the field of kindergarten management as well. Team management in kindergartens is a current issue, which needs to be explored in depth. In the school year 2011/12 we form...

  16. Recycling of solid wastes at kindergartens centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed R.M.S.R.

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to conduct an activity on environmental awareness campaign at a kindergarten center, with the children age 4-6 years old. The activity included identify the various types of waste generated at the kindergarten and to realize the conservation practice by participating in simple waste management strategies and an explanation about recycling, reusing and reducing waste (3R. The activity provided the children more awareness about the importance of minimizing the plastic wastes. The activity had created an interesting experience to the young generation through practice activity and has given a light on the nature conservation along their growing years. It can be concluded that the awareness of environmental issues among children have risen up as noted by looking at students physical expression. Children have understood the potential to conserve nature from a simple action which is recycling. After the activity, children’s were able to identify and divide the rubbish.

  17. Kindergarten Quantum Mechanics lectures notes

    CERN Document Server

    Coecke, B

    2005-01-01

    These lecture notes survey some joint work with Samson Abramsky as it was presented by me at several conferences in the summer of 2005. It concerns `doing quantum mechanics using only pictures of lines, squares, triangles and diamonds'. This picture calculus can be seen as a very substantial extension of Dirac's notation, and has a purely algebraic counterpart in terms of so-called Strongly Compact Closed Categories (introduced by Abramsky and I in quant-ph/0402130 and [4]) which subsumes my Logic of Entanglement quant-ph/0402014. For a survey on the `what', the `why' and the `hows' I refer to a previous set of lecture notes quant-ph/0506132. In a last section we provide some pointers to the body of technical literature on the subject.

  18. Was Kindergarten Left Behind? Examining US Kindergarten as the New First Grade in the Wake of No Child Left Behind

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melia E. Repko-Erwin

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Since the passage of No Child Left Behind (NCLB in 2001, public schools in the United States have witnessed an influx of reforms intended to elevate students’ academic standing in a global economy. The unprecedented federal involvement in education resulting from the passage of NCLB has propelled a nationwide movement to standardize instruction, raise achievement levels, and hold schools accountable for improved student outcomes. The kindergarten classroom has not been immune to these efforts. This critical review of literature published within the years 2001-2016 synthesizes empirical and theoretical research centered on US kindergarten post-NCLB. Connecting NCLB’s increased emphasis on standards and accountability to issues of kindergarten readiness, the role of academics, play, and developmental appropriateness in kindergarten, and changes in kindergarten literacy instruction, the author examines the complicated nature of teaching and learning in kindergarten in the wake of NCLB, with implications for research, policy, and practice.

  19. From Student Evaluations to Teacher Performance: A Study of Piano Class Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwaguchi, Setsuko

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate instruction in individually mentored piano classes in nursery and kindergarten teacher training programmes. Questionnaires were developed and administered to piano class students; using the resulting data, relationships among the variables that affect student's satisfaction with piano classes and their…

  20. From Student Evaluations to Teacher Performance: A Study of Piano Class Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwaguchi, Setsuko

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate instruction in individually mentored piano classes in nursery and kindergarten teacher training programmes. Questionnaires were developed and administered to piano class students; using the resulting data, relationships among the variables that affect student's satisfaction with piano classes and their…

  1. Evacuation exercise at the CERN Kindergarten

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Every year fire evacuation exercises are organized through out CERN and our facility's Kindergarten is no exception. Just a few weeks ago, a fire simulation was carried out in the Kindergarten kitchen facility using synthetic smoke. The purpose of the exercise was to teach staff to react in a disciplined and professional manner when in the presence of danger. The simulation is always carried out at a random time so as to ensure that people in the area under the test are not aware of the exercise. For the Kindergarten the exercise was held early in the school year so as to train those who are new to the establishment. The evacuation was a complete success and all went as it was supposed to. When the children and teachers smelt smoke they followed the prescribed evacuation routes and left the building immediately. Once outside the situation was revealed as an exercise and everyone went back to business as usual, everyone that is, except the fire brigade and fire inspector. The fire brigade checked that the buil...

  2. Space Science in the Kindergarten Classroom and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonett, D.

    2000-12-01

    With the advent of probes to our closest planet Mars and the multi-national construction of Earth's first International Space Station, it is not presumptive to introduce 5 year old school children to the space sciences. K. E. Little Elementary School is located in the community of Bacliff, Texas. It is the largest elementary school (950 students) in the Dickinson Independent School District. K. E. Little is a Title 1 school with a multi-ethnic student population. It's close proximity to the Johnson Space Center and the Lunar and Planetary Institute provide ample instructional support and material. Last fall, two kindergarten classes received space science instruction. Both were class sizes of 19 with one class predominantly children of Vietnamese immigrants. Our goal was to create curiosity and awareness through a year-long integrated space science program of instruction. Accurate information of the space sciences was conveyed through sources i.e. books and videos, as well as conventional song, movement, and artistic expression. Videotaping and photographs replaced traditional anecdotal records. Samples of student work were compiled for classroom and school display. This year, two fifth grade classes will receive space science instruction using the Jason Project XII curriculum. Students will engage in a year-long exploration of the Hawaiian Islands. Information will be conveyed via internet and live video presentations as well as traditional sources i.e. books and videos, as well as song, movement, and artistic expression. Comparison of volcanic activity in Hawaii to volcanoes on other planets will be one of several interplanetary correlations. Samples of student work will be compiled for classroom, school, and community display.

  3. An international survey on the interpretation of pigmentation using the C class of the Clinical, Etiological, Anatomical, Pathophysiological Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher R. Lattimer

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Skin changes over the gaiter area like pigmentation, lipodermatosclerosis and eczema are a clinical sign of advanced chronic venous disorder. This is documented as C4 in the Clinical, Etiological, Anatomical, Pathophysio logical (CEAP classification. The hypothesis was that there is great variability whether skin changes are recorded as early or advanced disease. The aim was to evaluate different patterns of skin changes by delegates at 3 international venous conferences. Seven high-definition, A4-sized, color photographs were taken of untreated legs with skin changes from patients attending a public hospital venous clinic. They all had venous disease confirmed on duplex with deep or superficial vein reflux >0.5 s. The photographs were displayed and a questionnaire was provided. Delegates familiar with CEAP were asked to choose from 3 C class options for each photograph. The responses were summarized by grouping them into mild (C0-3 and severe (C4-6. A total of 117 delegates completed the questionnaire from 30 countries. A percentage of 60 had practiced phlebology >10 years. The percentages of responders scoring mild (C0-3 and severe disease (C4-6 were: mild/severe=3/96 (photo 1, 65/33 (photo 2, 31/67 (photo 3, 56/34 (photo 4, 74/21 (photo 5, 89/10 (photo 6 and 37/59 (photo 7. The median percentage measure of agreement was 36.8 [95% confidence interval (CI: 24.8- 48.9]. The range was 23.2 (95% CI: 10.5-36.0 to 94.8 (95% CI: 90.7-98.9, P<0.001/image, Fisher exact test. This indicates a significant difference of opinion between the appearances of mild and severe clinical disease. Clinical decisions using the C class as a sign of advanced disease may be unreliable if used alone for recording severity, grouping patients or rationing treatment.

  4. The stability of elementary school contexts from kindergarten to third grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowenstein, Amy E; Wolf, Sharon; Gershoff, Elizabeth T; Sexton, Holly R; Raver, C Cybele; Aber, J Lawrence

    2015-08-01

    The nature and measurement of school contexts have been the foci of interest in community, developmental, and school psychology for decades. In this paper, we tested the stability of six elementary school-context factors over time, using a nationally representative and longitudinal sample of schools from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K), and systems theories as a conceptual framework. Confirmatory factor analyses and tests of measurement equivalence revealed that six latent factors fit the data equally well across kindergarten, first grade, and third grade: school strain, school safety practices, school academic performance, school instructional resources, positive school climate, and school violence and crime. The factors were highly stable across the early elementary school years, with standardized stability coefficients ranging from .87 to .99 between kindergarten and first grade and from .71 to .98 between the first and third grades. Equivalence in the two sets of stability coefficients was also found across time. Both the magnitude and equivalence of the stability coefficients were robust to the inclusion of five key exogenous school characteristics as covariates in the model. Results suggest that elementary school contexts are remarkably stable over time and shed light on methodological considerations regarding the treatment of school-level measures in analyses that examine links between school context and children's academic and developmental trajectories. Copyright © 2015 Society for the Study of School Psychology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Kindergarteners' concept development in science and literacy learning through Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moffit, Char Adelia

    The notion that "real work" is somehow different from authentic and engaging discovery is troublesome. (Passman, 2001, p.196) This qualitative case study examined science concept and literacy learning along with engagement of the students in a Kindergarten class in which science and literacy instruction was integrated through Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI). CORI is an instructional framework created to increase reading engagement by teaching reading comprehension strategies along with science concepts (Guthrie, et al., 1996). This study explored CORI at the Kindergarten level to examine how this curriculum framework engaged young learners in science concept and literacy learning. The study was grounded in the belief that concept learning can be engaging and motivating (Csikszentmihalyi, 1978). Data analysis resulted in five metaphors that show how the students took on multiple identities while engaged in learning concepts during CORI. Students took on the following identities: learner as docent, learner as explorer, learner as researcher, learner as author, and learner as expert. Prior to this study, the lowest grade level that CORI had been researched was 3rd grade. The present study examined the benefits of utilizing CORI with early literacy at the Kindergarten level and contributes to the body of CORI research demonstrating the potential of utilizing CORI at lower grade levels.

  6. Growing up in Poverty and Civic Engagement: The Role of Kindergarten Executive Function and Play Predicting Participation in 8th Grade Extracurricular Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astuto, Jennifer; Ruck, Martin

    2017-01-01

    In the United States a "civic engagement gap" persists between low-income youth and their higher-income counterparts. To examine the developmental origins of civic engagement in a sample of U.S. children growing up in poverty, a conceptual model was tested employing the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class (ECLS-K)…

  7. Socioeconomic inequality in clusters of health-related behaviours in Europe: latent class analysis of a cross-sectional European survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kino, Shiho; Bernabé, Eduardo; Sabbah, Wael

    2017-05-23

    Modifiable health-related behaviours tend to cluster among most vulnerable sectors of the population, particularly those at the bottom of the social hierarchy. This study aimed to identify the clusters of health-related behaviours in 27 European countries and to examine the socioeconomic inequalities in these clusters. Data were from Eurobarometer 72.3-2009, a cross-sectional survey of 27 European countries. The analyses were conducted in 2016. The main sections of the survey included questions pertaining to sociodemographic factors, health-related behaviours, and use of services. In this study, those aged 18 years and older were included. We selected five health-related behaviours, namely smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, frequent fresh fruit consumption, physical activity and dental check-ups. Socioeconomic position was indicated by education, subjective social status and difficulty in paying bills. Latent class analysis was conducted to explore the clusters of these five behaviours. Multinomial logistic regression model was used to examine the relationships between the clusters and socioeconomic positions adjusting for age, gender, marital status and urbanisation. The eligible total population was 23,842. Latent class analysis identified three clusters; healthy, moderate and risky clusters in this European population. Individuals with the lowest socioeconomic position were more likely to have risky and moderate clusters than healthy cluster compared to those with the highest socioeconomic position. There were clear socioeconomic gradients in clusters of health-related behaviours. The findings highlight the importance of adopting interventions that address multiple health risk behaviours and policies that tackle the social determinants of health-related behaviours.

  8. Latent class analysis of substance use among men who have sex with men in Malaysia: Findings from the Asian Internet MSM Sex Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Sin How; Cheung, Doug H; Guadamuz, Thomas E; Wei, Chongyi; Koe, Stuart; Altice, Frederick L

    2015-06-01

    High prevalence of substance use among men who have sex with men (MSM) may drive the HIV epidemic in Malaysia but patterns of substance use among Malaysian MSM have not been examined. Our study investigated specific Malaysian MSM risk groups to determine the association between their substance use and sexual risk behaviors. Data from Malaysian respondents (n=1235) in a large, multinational online survey of Asian MSM in 2010 were used to identify latent classes of substance use. Subsequent covariates were included in a joint model to predict class membership. The 3-class model was identified as the best fitting model, which included: (1) 'negligible substance use' for those reporting none or using any substance sparingly; (2) 'soft substance use' for those using poppers, ecstasy and drinking before sex; and (3) 'amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) use' for those using stimulants (methamphetamine, ecstasy), erectile dysfunction drugs and recreational drug use before sex. Men in the 'ATS use' category were significantly less likely to not know their HIV status (AOR: 0.30, 95%CI: 0.14,0.66), more likely to have had more than 6 male sex partners (AOR: 4.83, 95% CI: 1.92-12.2), to have group sex (AOR:4.07, 95% CI: 2.31-7.15), to report inconsistent condom use (AOR:2.01, 95% CI: 1.12-3.60), to be HIV-infected (AOR:3.92, 95% CI: 1.63-8.42) and to have had any sexually transmitted infections (AOR:3.92, 95% CI:1.70, 9.08), compared to men in the 'negligible substance use' category. Our study identified subgroups of Malaysian MSM with distinct substance use patterns and HIV-related risk profiles, which provides implication for targeting HIV prevention in this subpopulation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. The Effects of Kindergarten Redshirting from a Parental Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dougan, Kelli

    2014-01-01

    Kindergarten redshirting is the term used to describe the phenomenon where a parent chooses to keep their child from attending kindergarten so that the child may gain a year's worth of maturity. This qualitative dissertation examines the decision making process undergone by parents who have redshirted their children. While some parents began the…

  10. ELL School Readiness and Pre-Kindergarten Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottfried, Michael A.

    2017-01-01

    The increased utilization of non-parental pre-kindergarten care has spurred interest by both researchers and policy makers as to what types of care might be effective at boosting school readiness. Under-developed in the research has been an assessment of the influence of pre-kindergarten care on school readiness for English Language Learners…

  11. Pictograph Learning and Pictograph Sentence Memory Among Kindergarteners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Ellen Bouchard; Ledger, George

    The extent to which individual differences in pictograph recall performance are related to reading readiness and other aspects of language and cognitive development is examined in this paper. In each of three studies kindergarten children were taught names and toy enactions for approximately 30 pictographs. The kindergarteners were then…

  12. Toddlers Master Everyday Activities in Kindergarten: A Gender Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meland, Aud Torill; Kaltvedt, Elsa Helen; Reikerås, Elin

    2016-01-01

    This article discusses how 2-year olds cope with various everyday activities as observed by kindergarten staff from a gender perspective. Everyday activities are part of the daily pedagogical life in a kindergarten and are linked to situations such as meals, dressing and undressing, grooming and potty/toilet training. Data were collected through…

  13. Boosting Early Development: The Mixed Effects of Kindergarten Enrollment Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jiahui; Xin, Tao

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of kindergarten enrollment age on four-year-old Chinese children's early cognition and problem behavior using multilevel models. The sample comprised of 1,391 pre-school children (the mean age is 4.58 years old) from 74 kindergartens in six different provinces. The results demonstrated curvilinear…

  14. Kindergarten Teachers' Experience with Reporting Child Abuse in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Jui-Ying; Huang, Tzu-Yi; Wang, Chi-Jen

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The objectives were to examine factors associated with reporting child abuse among kindergarten teachers in Taiwan based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Method: A stratified quota sampling technique was used to randomly select kindergarten teachers in Taiwan. The Child Abuse Intention Report Scale, which includes demographics,…

  15. Constructing Stories in Kindergarten: Children's Knowledge of Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loizou, Eleni; Kyriakides, Elena; Hadjicharalambous, Maria

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the ability of 23 kindergarten children to construct stories drawing upon genre conventions in order to differentiate simple narrative stories, a familiar and often-visited genre in the kindergarten literacy classroom, and humorous stories, familiar to the children's literacy experiences mostly outside official literacy…

  16. Kindergarten Teachers' Experience with Reporting Child Abuse in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Jui-Ying; Huang, Tzu-Yi; Wang, Chi-Jen

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The objectives were to examine factors associated with reporting child abuse among kindergarten teachers in Taiwan based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Method: A stratified quota sampling technique was used to randomly select kindergarten teachers in Taiwan. The Child Abuse Intention Report Scale, which includes demographics,…

  17. Correlates of Kindergarten Adjustment: Temperament and Communicative Competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skarpness, Lorie R.; Carson, David K.

    1987-01-01

    The kindergarten adjustment of 217 Caucasian children was measured in relation to their temperament and communicative competence. Both communicative competence and various dimensions of temperament accounted for a significant proportion of the variance in kindergarten adjustment among the children. (Author/BB)

  18. Racial/Ethnic Disparities in ADHD Diagnosis by Kindergarten Entry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Paul L.; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Farkas, George; Maczuga, Steve

    2014-01-01

    Background: Whether and to what extent racial/ethnic disparities in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis occur by kindergarten entry is currently unknown. We investigated risk factors associated with an ADHD diagnosis by kindergarten entry generally, and specifically whether racial/ethnic disparities in ADHD diagnosis occur by…

  19. Kindergarten, Here I Come! = Kinder, aqui voy! [Videotape].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001

    Designed to generate excitement about starting school and to answer the many questions preschool children have about kindergarten, this 18-minute videotape gives preschool children a positive, realistic vision of kindergarten. The videotape, in both English and Spanish versions, is designed to be viewed in preschools or day cares, by parents with…

  20. Reconceptualizing Kindergarten Education in South Korea: A Postcolonial Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahng, Kyung Eun

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the relevance of postcolonialism in early childhood education, with special reference to the kindergarten education system of South Korea. Most of the research on Korean kindergarten education has conceptualized it as preparing children for their later schooling and helping them learn the moral and social values most desired…

  1. Relationship between Kindergarten Children's Language Ability and Social Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longoria, Adelina Q.; Page, Melanie C.; Hubbs-Tait, Laura; Kennison, Shelia M.

    2009-01-01

    The research investigated the hypothesis that teachers' ratings of kindergarten children's receptive and expressive language ability would be related to children's social competence. Teachers' ratings of social competence were obtained for a sample of 116 kindergarten children. Social competence was measured using the California Preschool Social…

  2. Kindergarten Children and Language Learning: Missing Pillars for Language Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Darwish, Salwa

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the perceptions of the Kuwaiti kindergarten school teachers and parents as well as the English curriculum in an attempt to identify areas that need to be improved in the kindergarten teachers' program at the CBE (College of Basic Education). In addition, the paper looks closely into the delivery of information and sequence of…

  3. Using Multimedia with Kindergarten to Increase Homework Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunstall, Mary; Bull, Prince Hycy

    2012-01-01

    This study stemmed from a concern that homework instruction, verbal and print oriented, did not reflect a 21st century learning strategy for kindergarten students due to their reading levels and their abilities to consistently follow written instructions to complete tasks. The study examined 18 kindergarten students' perceptions of using…

  4. Young Children's Computer Skills Development from Kindergarten to Third Grade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Bell, Randy L.

    2011-01-01

    This investigation explores young children's computer skills development from kindergarten to third grade using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) dataset. The sample size of the study was 8642 children. Latent growth curve modeling analysis was used as an analytical tool to examine the development of children's computer…

  5. Developmental Computer Awareness: Responses of Head Start and Kindergarten Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galen, Harlene; And Others

    Kindergarten experimental group subjects and Head Start children received classroom instruction about and "hands-on" experiences with computers, while a kindergarten control group received the "hands-on" experiences only. During an initial classroom instructional phase, a mini-unit was employed to introduce 10 computer terms to…

  6. A kindergarten experiment in linguistic e-learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Marchetti, Emanuela

    2006-01-01

    As part of the BlaSq project, we are developing a set of linguistic games to be used in kindergartens. The first of these games is Crazipes, that we are currently testing in a Danish kindergarten, with the support of the local teachers. Here we discuss the architecture of the game, its potentials...

  7. Using Curriculum-Based Measurement to Monitor Kindergarteners' Mathematics Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seethaler, Pamela M.; Fuchs, Lynn S.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine technical and instructional features of a kindergarten curriculum-based measurement (CBM) tool designed to track students' mathematics progress in terms of computational concepts, procedures, and counting strategies. Students in 10 kindergarten classrooms in three elementary schools completed alternate…

  8. Racial/Ethnic Disparities in ADHD Diagnosis by Kindergarten Entry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Paul L.; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Farkas, George; Maczuga, Steve

    2014-01-01

    Background: Whether and to what extent racial/ethnic disparities in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis occur by kindergarten entry is currently unknown. We investigated risk factors associated with an ADHD diagnosis by kindergarten entry generally, and specifically whether racial/ethnic disparities in ADHD diagnosis occur by…

  9. Promoting Phonological Awareness Skills of Egyptian Kindergarteners through Dialogic Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmonayer, Randa Abdelaleem

    2013-01-01

    The present study examines the effect of dialogic reading (DR) on the promotion of Arabic phonological awareness skills (including syllable awareness, rhyme awareness, and phoneme awareness) of Egyptian kindergarteners. The participants were 67 children enrolled in the second level of kindergarten (ages 5-6), assigned to an experimental group…

  10. Motivation for Reading and Writing in Kindergarten Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mata, Lourdes

    2011-01-01

    This study characterizes the reading and writing motivations of kindergarten children. Four hundred fifty-one children participated in the study, answering questions measuring value, self-concept, and enjoyment of reading and writing. A factor analysis validated the conceptual motivational constructs. Findings indicate that kindergarten children…

  11. Children's School Placement in Germany: Does Kindergarten Attendance Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiess, C. Katharina; Buchel, Felix; Wagner, Gert G.

    2003-01-01

    Examined the relationship between kindergarten attendance and seventh-grade school placement of children in West Germany, differentiating associations for children of citizens from those of immigrants' children. Found a significant relationship between kindergarten attendance and later school placement for children in immigrant households but not…

  12. Creating a Critical Literacy Milieu in a Kindergarten Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stribling, Stacia M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to better understand the process of engaging in critical literacy practices with kindergarteners. The researcher spent six months in a kindergarten classroom taking extensive field notes on the ways in which the teacher and students explored issues of social justice through literacy activities. Data analysis using a…

  13. Classwide Intervention to Manage Disruptive Behavior in the Kindergarten Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGoey, Kara E.; Schneider, Dana L.; Rezzetano, Kristin M.; Prodan, Tana; Tankersley, Melody

    2010-01-01

    The authors present an investigation of a classwide intervention to reduce disruptive behavior in a kindergarten classroom. Participants included children in 3 kindergarten classrooms and their teachers in an at-risk school district in Northeast Ohio. On the basis of student behaviors and teacher goals, the authors chose the Good Behavior Game…

  14. The Bernese Program against Victimization in Kindergarten and Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsaker, Francoise D.; Valkanover, Stefan

    2012-01-01

    The Bernese Program against Victimization in Kindergarten and Elementary School was designed to be adaptable to the very different situations and needs encountered by teachers in kindergarten and elementary school. The basic principle of the program is to enhance teachers' ability to address bullying. The program consists of six modules, each…

  15. Vaccination Coverage among Kindergarten Children in Phoenix, Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frimpong, Jemima A.; Rivers, Patrick A.; Bae, Sejong

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate school immunization records and document the immunization coverage and compliance level of children enrolled in kindergarten in Phoenix during the 2001-2002 school year. The purpose was to obtain information on: 1) immunization status by age two; 2) under-immunization in kindergarten; 3) administration error; and 4)…

  16. Education Reform and the Quality of Kindergartens in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

    2010-01-01

    The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan--the implementation of public kindergartens--and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of…

  17. Kindergarten Prediction of Reading Skills: A Longitudinal Comparative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schatschneider, Christopher; Fletcher, Jack M.; Francis, David J.; Carlson, Coleen D.; Foorman, Barbara R.

    2004-01-01

    There is considerable focus in public policy on screening children for reading difficulties. Sixty years of research have not resolved questions of what constructs assessed in kindergarten best predict subsequent reading outcomes. This study assessed the relative importance of multiple measures obtained in a kindergarten sample for the prediction…

  18. The Medieval Kingdom Topology: Peer Relations in Kindergarten Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Andrew; Derervensky, Jeffrey

    1995-01-01

    Examines the applicability of the medieval kingdom social role topology with kindergarten children and assesses the association between the social roles children assume and seven nonbehavioral variables. Confirmed hypotheses that the topology could be distilled from a sample of kindergarten children (n=173) and that specific nonbehavioral…

  19. Students know what physicists believe, but they don’t agree: A study using the CLASS survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kara E. Gray

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available We measured what students perceive physicists to believe about physics and solving physics problems and how those perceptions differ from the students’ personal beliefs. In this study, we used a modified version of the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey which asked students to respond to each statement with both their personal belief and the response they thought a physicist would give. Students from three different types of university introductory physics courses were studied. Students who have not yet taken physics in college have a surprisingly accurate idea of what physicists believe about physics no matter what their high school background and what physics courses they choose to take in college. These ideas are largely unaffected by their college physics instruction. In contrast, students’ personal beliefs about physics differ with varying high school physics backgrounds and college physics courses in which they enroll, and these beliefs are affected by college physics instruction. Women have a larger difference between their reported personal beliefs and their perceptions of physicists’ beliefs than do men.

  20. "I Am Not Angry in the Kindergarten!" Interruptive Anger as Democratic Participation in Norwegian Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grindheim, Liv Torunn

    2014-01-01

    This article calls into question the idyllic picture of Norwegian kindergartens where harmonious and joyful interaction is the preferred and normal way to participate. If taking children's right to democratic participation and freedom of expression seriously, anger can also be seen as a legitimate way of participating. Conflicts of interest,…

  1. Correlations Between and Within the Apgar Test, Pre-Kindergarten Assessment and Kindergarten Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Doris K.

    This longitudinal study examined the relationship of the physical-neurological conditions of infants at one minute after birth to mental and motor development at prekindergarten and kindergarten levels. Subjects were 44 children, 16 males and 28 females, born in 1970 in the same hospital. Neonatal physical status one minute after birth was…

  2. Teacher identification of speech and language impairment in kindergarten students using the Kindergarten Development Check.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jessup, Belinda; Ward, Elizabeth; Cahill, Louise; Keating, Diane

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to profile the extent and accuracy of teacher identification of speech and language impairment within a kindergarten student population in Tasmania, Australia, using the Kindergarten Development Check (KDC). A total of 286 kindergarten students (aged 4-5 years and in their first year of formal schooling) were screened by teachers with the KDC on two separate occasions over their kindergarten year. In the following academic year, each of the same 286 students were assessed by a speech-language pathologist, and diagnosed with either typically developing or impaired speech and/or language skills. Review of KDC data determined the number of students identified by teachers with speech and language impairment at each occasion during their kindergarten year. Comparison of data from the later KDC administration and speech-language pathology assessment then determined the correspondence between identification of speech and language impairment by teachers and speech-language pathologists. Upon initial administration of the KDC, 51 (17.8%) students were identified by teachers with language impairment and 47 (16.4%) students with speech impairment. Following the second administration of the KDC 3 months later, 20 (7.0%) students continued to be identified with language impairment, and 39 (13.6%) with speech impairment. Comparison of speech-language pathology testing results and KDC data from the second administration found the overall validity of teacher identification was 86.4% and 71% for speech and language impairment respectively. Specificity rates were high, with 93% and 97% of students with typically developing speech and language skills respectively, correctly classified on the KDC. However, the sensitivity was only 50% for speech impairment and 15% for language impairment, indicating that 50% of students presenting with speech impairment and 85% of students with language impairment in their subsequent academic year were not recorded by

  3. Is Full-Day Kindergarten Worth It? an Academic Comparison of Full-Day and Half-Day Kindergarten Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romines, Robert A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to answer this question: Which is academically superior for young children, full-or half-day kindergarten? This inquiry-oriented case study was designed to compare and contrast students who attended half-day versus full-day kindergarten programs in a suburban public school district. The study is necessary because the…

  4. WEATHER SENSITIVITY OF KINDERGARTEN AGE CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. RAZSI

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Living organisms are sensitive to the changes of weather. Our study is carried out on effects of weather changes on children’s behaviour in 29 kindergarten groups in Eger. The kindergarten nurces were asked to characterise the behaviour of the children group every day during three month, from March 2011 to May 2011. Marks from 1 to 5 were defined, giving 3 to average behaviour, 2 and 4 to worse and to better than average one. Marks 1 and 5 were retained for extremely good or bad behaviour of the group on the given day. The components evaluated separately were as follows: i- Playing, array or disarray: How do they play? Do they keep the array, or make chaos? ii- Sleeping: Normally, children of this age sleep for a few hours after lunch, but sometimes they do not want to do so. We looked after how it depends on the actual weather. iii- Aggression: Sometimes, some children are more aggressive than the others, but on other days these children do not show aggressive attitude. Was this the case on the given day? iv- Activity: How were children motivated for activities on the given day? In order to compare these marks, provided by the kindergarten groups, with weather and its changes, front analysis was performed every day, based on temperature data at the 925 hPa and 850 hPa levels. Besides that, surface observations of temperature, sunshine, humidity were also incorporated into the search for weather relatedness of the children’s behaviour.

  5. Kindergarten students' explanations during science learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Karleah

    The study examines kindergarten students' explanations during science learning. The data on children's explanations are drawn from videotaped and transcribed discourse collected from four public kindergarten science classrooms engaged in a life science inquiry unit on the life cycle of the monarch butterfly. The inquiry unit was implemented as part of a larger intervention conducted as part of the Scientific Literacy Project or SLP (Mantzicopoulos, Patrick & Samarapungavan, 2005). The children's explanation data were coded and analyzed using quantitative content analysis procedures. The coding procedures involved initial "top down" explanation categories derived from the existing theoretical and empirical literature on scientific explanation and the nature of students' explanations, followed by an inductive or "bottom up" analysis, that evaluated and refined the categorization scheme as needed. The analyses provide important descriptive data on the nature and frequency of children's explanations generated in classroom discourse during the inquiry unit. The study also examines how teacher discourse strategies during classroom science discourse are related to children's explanations. Teacher discourse strategies were coded and analyzed following the same procedures as the children's explanations as noted above. The results suggest that, a) kindergarten students have the capability of generating a variety of explanations during inquiry-based science learning; b) teachers use a variety of classroom discourse strategies to support children's explanations during inquiry-based science learning; and c) The conceptual discourse (e.g., asking for or modeling explanations, asking for clarifications) to non-conceptual discourse (e.g., classroom management discourse) is related to the ratio of explanatory to non-explanatory discourse produced by children during inquiry-based science learning.

  6. Exploring Kindergarten Teachers' Views and Roles Regarding Children's Outdoor Play Environments in Oman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ihmeideh, Fathi M.; Al-Qaryouti, Ibrahim A.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore kindergarten teachers' views and roles regarding outdoor play environments in Omani kindergartens. Thirty kindergarten teachers from 15 private kindergartens were observed and interviewed. The results indicated that teachers recognize the importance of outdoor play in children's development and learning.…

  7. An Empirically-Based Statewide System for Identifying Quality Pre-Kindergarten Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jeffrey M.; Landry, Susan H.; Anthony, Jason L.; Swank, Paul R.; Crawford, April D.

    2012-01-01

    This study presents an empirically-based statewide system that links information about pre-kindergarten programs with children's school readiness scores to certify pre-kindergarten classrooms as promoting school readiness. Over 8,000 children from 1,255 pre-kindergarten classrooms were followed longitudinally for one year. Pre-kindergarten quality…

  8. Teaching the Arabic Alphabet to Kindergarteners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Papadopoulos, Pantelis M.; Ibrahim, Zeinab; Karatsolis, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents initial results regarding writing activities in the context of the ALADDIN project. The goal of the project is to teach Modern Standard Arabic in 5-year-old kindergarten students in Qatar. A total of 18 students, enrolled in the ‘Arabic Class’, participated for 9 weeks...... in the activities of the project. All students were native speakers of the Qatari dialect. Learning activities involved both typical instructional methods, and the use of specifically designed tools for tabletop surface computers. The paper focuses on writing activities and on how the affordances of surface...

  9. Teaching the Arabic Alphabet to Kindergarteners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Papadopoulos, Pantelis M.; Ibrahim, Zeinab; Karatsolis, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents initial results regarding writing activities in the context of the ALADDIN project. The goal of the project is to teach Modern Standard Arabic in 5-year-old kindergarten students in Qatar. A total of 18 students, enrolled in the ‘Arabic Class’, participated for 9 weeks...... in the activities of the project. All students were native speakers of the Qatari dialect. Learning activities involved both typical instructional methods, and the use of specifically designed tools for tabletop surface computers. The paper focuses on writing activities and on how the affordances of surface...

  10. 提升幼儿教师的“职业幸福感”%Boosting the Professional Happiness and Well-being of Kindergarten Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺晓红

    2012-01-01

    Professional happiness and well-being of kindergarten teachers is a kind of joyful experience both physically and mentally felt by kindergarten teachers on a constant basis.There are a myriad of factors affecting the professional happiness and well-being of kindergarten teachers,with organization and management factors being the most prominent,to be followed by social factors in the next place and professional personal factors in the third place.Under such circumstances,kindergarten headmasters should do whatever it needs to boost the professional happiness and well-being of their teaching staff,such as improving the internal management of kindergartens,offering copious rewards to kindergarten teachers for their hard work,rationalizing the "teacher-student ratio" to optimize the class size,taking proper measures against accidental injuries on campus,strengthening cognitive education to cultivate an attitude of gratitude on the part of kindergarten teachers,et cetera.%幼儿教师职业幸福感是伴随成长所获得的一种身心持续愉悦体验。影响幼儿教师职业幸福感的因素中,组织管理因素最为重要,其次是社会因素,职业因素、个人因素再次。园长可通过改善幼儿园内部管理;争取给教师合理的"回报";实现班级合理化的"师幼比例";采取适当措施,防止校园意外伤害;加强认知,引领教师常怀感恩之心等提升教师的职业幸福感。

  11. Developing Effective Wording and Format Options for a Children's Nutrition Behavior Questionnaire for Mothers of Children in Kindergarten. Contractor and Cooperator Report No. 10

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of Agriculture, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This study focuses on a set of eating habit questions proposed for inclusion in the U.S. Department of Education's Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey, Birth Cohort. The study assesses the wording and format of a series of questions for mothers of children in kindergarten and/or first grade regarding the child's food consumption habits. Most…

  12. Tensions and dilemmas in body-pedagogy in kindergarten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herskind, Mia

    2010-01-01

      This paper concerns a research-based evaluation of Danish kindergarten employees and their experiences of an educational project ‘Moving Children' and the learning processes that followed in kindergarten in which they aimed to develop a body-pedagogy in order to increase the physical activity...... in children's daily life. The study emphasizes how tensions and dilemmas arise in the employees' effort to change the existing body-pedagogy, that in a Danish kindergarten tradition relate to children's self-organised play. Using the notion of social learning theory (Wenger, 1998) and based...

  13. Factors Related to Overweight in Kindergarten School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helwiah Umniyati

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Obesity has become a significant public health problem of the twenty first century. An increasing number of preschool children are becoming overweight. Although many risk factors have been identified for school-age children, less is known about this young age group. This study was aimed to determine factors associated with overweight among preschool children. Study design was a cross sectional survey. Sample in this study was 90 children aged 3–6 years old in Bina Putik Kindergarten School in Cempaka Putih District (total sampling. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in this sample were 24.4% and 13.3% respectively. There were significant relationships between overweight and some variables using chi-square test such as: age of the children, having overweight parents, nutritional knowledge of the mother, duration of breast feeding, frequency of fast food consumption (p5 years old. It could be concluded that mother’s knowledge on nutrition played an important role in preventing overweight children. Suggested recommendation in order to prevent overweight since childhood was by increasing mother’s knowledge through optimizing relevant programs in the Puskesmas.

  14. Pulsation models for the 0.26M_sun star mimicking RR Lyrae pulsator. Model survey for the new class of variable stars

    CERN Document Server

    Smolec, R; Graczyk, D; Pilecki, B; Gieren, W; Thompson, I; Stepien, K; Karczmarek, P; Konorski, P; Gorski, M; Suchomska, K; Bono, G; Moroni, P G Prada; Nardetto, N

    2012-01-01

    We present non-linear hydrodynamic pulsation models for OGLE-BLG-RRLYR-02792 - a 0.26M_sun pulsator, component of the eclipsing binary system, analysed recently by Pietrzynski et al. The star's light and radial velocity curves mimic that of classical RR Lyrae stars, except for the bump in the middle of the ascending branch of the radial velocity curve. We show that the bump is caused by the 2:1 resonance between the fundamental mode and the second overtone - the same mechanism that causes the Hertzsprung bump progression in classical Cepheids. The models allow to constrain the parameters of the star, in particular to estimate its absolute luminosity (approx 33L_sun) and effective temperature (approx 6970K, close to the blue edge of the instability strip). We conduct a model survey for the new class of low mass pulsators similar to OGLE-BLG-RRLYR-02792 - products of evolution in the binary systems. We compute a grid of models with masses corresponding to half (and less) of the typical mass of RR Lyrae variable...

  15. Effects of individualized word retrieval in kindergarten vocabulary intervention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Damhuis, C.M.P.; Segers, P.C.J.; Scheltinga, F.; Verhoeven, L.T.W.

    2016-01-01

    We examined the effects of adaptive word retrieval intervention on a classroom vocabulary program on children's vocabulary acquisition in kindergarten. In the experimental condition, word retrieval was provided in a classroom vocabulary program, combining implicit and explicit vocabulary

  16. Model of excellent kindergarten learning for excellent pupils

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, Elma; Mooij, Ton; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2012-01-01

    Dijkstra, E. M., Mooij, T., & Kirschner, P. A. (2012, 9 November). Model of excellent kindergarten learning for excellent pupils. Poster presentation at the International ICO Fall School, Girona, Spain.

  17. Determinants of Excellent Kindergarten Learning of Excellent Pupils

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, Elma; Mooij, Ton; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2013-01-01

    Dijkstra, E. M., Mooij, T., & Kirschner, P. A. (2013, 27 August). Determinants of Excellent Kindergarten Learning of Excellent Pupils. In J. Kornmann (Chair), Cognitive Abilities and Instructional Designs. Symposium conducted at the EARLI 2013 conference, Munich, Germany.

  18. Model of Excellent Kindergarten Learning for Excellent Pupils

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, Elma; Mooij, Ton; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2012-01-01

    Dijkstra, E. M., Mooij, T., & Kirschner, P. A. (2012, 11 October). Model of excellent kindergarten learning for excellent pupils. Poster presentation at the Teacher Expertise Symposium, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

  19. Training kindergarten students lockdown drill procedures using behavioral skills training

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dickson, Misty Jo; Vargo, Kristina K

    2017-01-01

    ... ) to teach three groups of kindergarten students how to respond during lockdown drills. Results showed that participant groups displayed increases in correct steps and decreases in noise levels after BST was implemented...

  20. New State Policies and Everyday Life in Danish Kindergartens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kampmann, Jan

    This presentation discusses significant changes in Danish policies on preschool curriculum and their effects on everyday life in kindergarten. This change is often conceptualized as neoliberal governance and consists of an increased focus on learning, documentation and evaluation. Grounded...

  1. Schopfloch kindergarten, Leonberg-Ezach, Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schuler, M. [Trans Solar GmbH, Stuttgart (Germany)

    1999-07-01

    This two-classroom kindergarten with a gym was optimized with regard to both the total solar contribution from passive solar gains through a large glazed area facing south and active solar air heating. The active system consists of a collector, hypocaust-floor storage elements and a rock-bed storage. It offers the advantages of low heating temperatures without the problems, such as dry air or air movements, that occur with a direct air heating system. The 20 m{sup 2} rock bed stores heat from a 38 m{sup 2} solar air collector for the night and the next morning. Experience since occupancy in 1988 has shown that this system works well, provided that the control system is well adjusted. As might have been anticipated, the light building construction does result in some overheating. (author)

  2. [Evaluation of the Faustlos-Curriculum for Kindergartens].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schick, Andreas; Cierpka, Manfred

    2006-01-01

    In this control group study the Faustlos-Kindergarten version was evaluated. This violence prevention program is based on strengthening social-emotional competences in children. The results of the pre-post-study in 7 intervention and 7 control kindergartens (N=124 children aged 4; 5-6 years) show significant improvements in the childrens' social-emotional competences and significant reduction of aggressive behavior in the Faustlos groups in contrast to the controls.

  3. Reading Ability Development from Kindergarten to Junior Secondary: Latent Transition Analyses with Growth Mixture Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Liu

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study examined the reading ability development of children in the large scale Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 data; Tourangeau, Nord, Lê, Pollack, & Atkins-Burnett, 2006 under the dynamic systems. To depict children's growth pattern, we extended the measurement part of latent transition analysis to the growth mixture model and found that the new model fitted the data well. Results also revealed that most of the children stayed in the same ability group with few cross-level changes in their classes. After adding the environmental factors as predictors, analyses showed that children receiving higher teachers' ratings, with higher socioeconomic status, and of above average poverty status, would have higher probability to transit into the higher ability group.

  4. Communication, "Class," and Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffres, Leo W.

    A study was conducted to examine the relationships among communication, social class, and ethnic heritage. Eleven of thirteen ethnic groups in a Midwestern metropolitan area who had been studied in 1976 were surveyed again in late 1980 and early 1981. Groups surveyed were Irish, Greek, Czech, Italian, Lebanese, Hungarian, Lithuanian, Polish,…

  5. Microbiological air quality in some kindergartens and antibiotic resistance of bacteria of the Staphylococcus spp. genus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Łukasz Kubera

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Microbiological contamination of the air and the acquisition of the antibiotic resistance by pathogenic bacteria is a growing phenomenon that has a substantial impact on the quality of our health. This problem applies mainly to public areas where we spend a large part of our lives. This study was focused on the microbiological analysis of the air in some kindergartens and antibiotic resistance of bacteria of the Stephylococcus spp. genus. The identification of the isolated mould fungi has been also made. Material and Methods: Air samples were collected from classrooms in the seasonal cycle in the mornings and afternoons using 2 methods, sedimentation and impact. Air samples collected outside the kindergartens served as controls. Air quality assessments were based on the groups of indicator microorganisms, according to Polish standards. The susceptibility of isolated staphylococci was assessed with the disc-diffusion method, using 8 different classes of antibiotics, in line with the recommendations of the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST. Results: The analyses show that, regardless of the method, the total number of heterothropic bacteria and staphylococci in the air of the analyzed kindergartens exceeded the allowable limits. There was no air pollution with the fungal infection. Based on the antibiogram, it was found that Staphylococcus spp. strains showed the highest sensitivity to chloramphenicol and the lowest to penicillin and gentamicin. Among the fungi moulds of the genus Cladosporium predominated. Conclusions: The results of the analyses highlight the need for regular health checks and further research to help identify biological factors that may significantly affect the quality of health of people living in public spaces. Med Pr 2015;66(1:49–56

  6. Physical activity during school in urban minority kindergarten and first-grade students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reznik, Marina; Wylie-Rosett, Judith; Kim, Mimi; Ozuah, Philip O

    2013-01-01

    To determine if physical activity (PA) during the school day varied by school, grade level, gender, weight status, and physical education (PE) and recess participation among urban kindergarten and first-grade students. Cross-sectional study at 4 Bronx, NY, schools. Student PA was measured by a Yamax Digi-Walker pedometer, an objective and validated measure of PA in children. Each student wore a sealed pedometer during school for 5 consecutive days. Hierarchical models were fit to identify variables predictive of PA. A total of 916 had valid pedometer data (53% male, 70% Hispanic, mean age 5.98 years [SD 0.66], 45% overweight). PA varied by school (P < .0001). First-grade students took a significantly greater mean number of steps during school than kindergarten students. Overall, students took an average of 2479.7 (SD 961.8) steps/school day. PA did not differ by BMI status. Students took on average 724 more steps on PE days than on non-PE days and 490 more steps on days with outdoor recess than nonrecess days (P < .05 for both). Fewer than 1% of all students achieved lower cut points for previously published mean range of steps/school day for boys and girls. Multivariable analysis revealed higher grade level, participation in PE class, and outdoor recess as independent predictors of PA. PA levels were low in kindergarten and first-grade students. Future interventions incorporating classroom-based PA and outdoor recess may increase PA in resource-poor urban schools with limited PE facilities.

  7. "Racializing" Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatt-Echeverria, Beth; Urrieta, Luis, Jr.

    2003-01-01

    In an effort to explore how racial and class oppressions intersect, the authors use their autobiographical narratives to depict cultural and experiential continuity and discontinuity in growing up white working class versus Chicano working class. They specifically focus on "racializing class" due to the ways class is often used as a copout by…

  8. 2010年深圳市福田区新入学、入托儿童接种证查验工作调查分析%The survey of vaccination certificates inspection in school and kindergarten children in Futian district of Shenzhen city in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林宝妮; 方琼; 周志锋; 蔡琳; 刘俊玲

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To understand the prophylactic immunization condition in school and kindergarten children in Fu-tian district of Shenzhen city in 2010, in order to provide the basis for advancing preventive vaccination certificate inspection system and strengthening the supervision system. Methods: According to The notice on further strengthening inspection of vaccination certificates in school and kindergarten beginners of Futian district, inoculate certificates and inoculate registration condition of 28 192 children in 211 schools and kindergartens were checked. Results: Inspection coverage rate of vaccination certificates was 100%. The number of 28 192 children should be checked, and 27 625 children were really checked, the rate of inspection was 99.79%, among which the rate of certificates holder was 99.16%. The full vaccination rate was 76.32%, 5 975 children were supplementary vaccination, with the rate of 91.35%. The rate of full vaccination and supplementary vaccination of children in kindergartens were higher than that in schools, the differences were statistically significant (x2=6.632, 20.392, P=0.01, 0). The average vaccination rate of BCG vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine and measles vaccine were up to 98%, whereas the average vaccination rate of DBT, OPV and JEV were relatively low. Conclusion: Vaccination certificates inspection of children in school and kindergarten of Futian district has achieved great progress. Education department and health department need coordinate and increase propaganda, in order to improve the rate of full and supplementary vaccination of type I vaccine.%目的:了解深圳市福田区2010 年入学、入托儿童预防接种情况,为完善预防接种证查验制度和监督体系提供依据.方法:按照深圳市福田区卫生局和教育局发布的,对福田区所辖211 所幼儿园和小学28 192 名入学、入托儿童预防接种证及接种登记情况进行查验.结果:接种证查验覆盖率为100%,应查验儿童28

  9. Emotional expression in school context, social relationships, and academic adjustment in kindergarten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández, Maciel M; Eisenberg, Nancy; Valiente, Carlos; VanSchyndel, Sarah K; Spinrad, Tracy L; Silva, Kassondra M; Berger, Rebecca H; Diaz, Anjolii; Terrell, Nathan; Thompson, Marilyn S; Southworth, Jody

    2016-06-01

    This study evaluated direct relations of both kindergarteners' (N = 301) naturalistically observed emotion in 2 different school contexts and early kindergarten verbal competence to academic adjustment (i.e., standardized measures of academic achievement, teacher-reported academic skills, teacher-reported and observed school engagement) and if these relations were mediated by teacher-reported conflict with students and by peer acceptance. When controlling for verbal competence, positive emotions expressed in the classroom context positively directly predicted academic skills, whereas positive emotions expressed outside class (lunch/recess) negatively predicted academic skills. Negative emotions observed in the classroom context and during lunch/recess negatively predicted academic achievement. Positive emotions observed in both contexts indirectly predicted higher school engagement through its positive relation to peer acceptance; positive emotions expressed in lunch and recess indirectly predicted higher school engagement via lower teacher-student conflict. Negative emotions observed in both contexts also indirectly predicted lower school engagement via higher teacher-student conflict. Furthermore, verbal competence indirectly predicted higher academic adjustment via lower teacher-student conflict. Moreover, verbal competence moderated the association between peer acceptance (but not teacher-student conflict) and academic adjustment. Because verbal competence moderated the associations from peer competence, positive emotions in both contexts indirectly predicted higher academic adjustment via higher peer acceptance primarily for children with low, but not high, initial verbal competence. (PsycINFO Database Record

  10. Is pre-K classroom quality associated with kindergarten and middle-school academic skills?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Sara; Phillips, Deborah

    2017-06-01

    We employed data from a longitudinal investigation of over 1,000 children who participated in Tulsa's universal school-based pre-K program in 2005, and path modeling techniques, to examine the contribution of pre-K classroom quality to both kindergarten- and middle-school academic skills. We also examined gender and income-related differences in quality-outcome associations. Both Instructional and Emotional Support in pre-K classrooms, but not Classroom Management, assessed with the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS), were associated with kindergarten academic skills and, modestly indirectly associated through these immediate impacts, to middle-school test scores. Linear associations were found for Instructional Support whereas nonlinear patterns of association were evident for Emotional Support. Gender and income differences characterized Instructional Support-outcome associations. Results are discussed in terms of implications for improving pre-K quality as one avenue for supporting the ongoing development of academic skills. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  11. Su cumpleanos es en el verano: El dilema de la edad de entrada al jardin pre-escolar (He Has a Summer Birthday: The Kindergarten Entrance Age Dilemma). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosser, Sandra

    Educators commonly recommend that children born during the summer months, especially boys, be given an extra year to mature before entering kindergarten so that they will not suffer from the academic disadvantages of being among the youngest children in a class. Terms such as "academic red-shirting" and "graying of the…

  12. SURVEY OF THE STEROL COMPOSITION OF THE MARINE DINOFLAGELLATES KARENIA BREVIS, KARENIA MIKIMOTOI, AND KARLODINIUM MICRUM: DISTRIBUTION OF STEROLS WITHIN OTHER MEMBERS OF THE CLASS DINOPHYCEAE

    Science.gov (United States)

    The sterol composition of different marine microalgae was examined to determine the utility of sterols as biomarkers to distinguish members of various algal classes. For example, members of the class Dinophyceae possess certain 4-methyl sterols, such as dinosterol, which are rare...

  13. Problems afoot for the CERN kindergarten (EVEE)?

    CERN Document Server

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    You might have noticed that recently the Kindergarten changed names, it’s is now known under the name of EVEE which stands for ‘Espace de Vie Enfantine et École’ and currently welcomes 150 children between 4 months and 6 years of age. This establishment which is under the aegis of the Staff Association is governed by a committee composed of a mixture of the following: employers (from the Staff Association), employees, parents and the Headmistress who is an ex officio member (see Echo 238: http://staff-association.web.cern.ch/content/quoi-de-neuf-au-jardin-d%E2%80%99enfants). Great strides have been made in the past decade Over the previous decade in conjuction with the CERN Administration several new services have been proposed, including: the establishment of a canteen with a capacity of up to 60 children/day; the setting-up of a creche for infants ranging between 4 months and 3 years (approx 35 infants); the creation of a day-camp with the capacity to welcome up ...

  14. A Cooperation Model Applied in a Kindergarten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose I. Rodriguez

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The need for collaboration in a global world has become a key factor for success for many organizations and individuals. However in several regions and organizations in the world, it has not happened yet. One of the settings where major obstacles occur for collaboration is in the business arena, mainly because of competitive beliefs that cooperation could hurt profitability. We have found such behavior in a wide variety of countries, in advanced and developing economies. Such cultural behaviors or traits characterized entrepreneurs by working in isolation, avoiding the possibilities of building clusters to promote regional development. The needs to improve the essential abilities that conforms cooperation are evident. It is also very difficult to change such conduct with adults. So we decided to work with children to prepare future generations to live in a cooperative world, so badly hit by greed and individualism nowadays. We have validated that working with children at an early age improves such behavior. This paper develops a model to enhance the essential abilities in order to improve cooperation. The model has been validated by applying it at a kindergarten school.

  15. Early math matters: kindergarten number competence and later mathematics outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Nancy C; Kaplan, David; Ramineni, Chaitanya; Locuniak, Maria N

    2009-05-01

    Children's number competencies over 6 time points, from the beginning of kindergarten to the middle of 1st grade, were examined in relation to their mathematics achievement over 5 later time points, from the end of 1st grade to the end of 3rd grade. The relation between early number competence and mathematics achievement was strong and significant throughout the study period. A sequential process growth curve model showed that kindergarten number competence predicted rate of growth in mathematics achievement between 1st and 3rd grades as well as achievement level through 3rd grade. Further, rate of growth in early number competence predicted mathematics performance level in 3rd grade. Although low-income children performed more poorly than their middle-income counterparts in mathematics achievement and progressed at a slower rate, their performance and growth were mediated through relatively weak kindergarten number competence. Similarly, the better performance and faster growth of children who entered kindergarten at an older age were explained by kindergarten number competence. The findings show the importance of early number competence for setting children's learning trajectories in elementary school mathematics. Copyright 2009 APA, all rights reserved

  16. Ideas of Kindergarten Students on the Day-Night Cycles, the Seasons and the Moon Phases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Küçüközer, Hüseyin; Bostan, Ayberk

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine ideas of the kindergarten students on day-night, seasons, and the phases of the Moon. Although there are lots of studies on kindergarten students about science education, few of them are present on astronomy. Fifty-two students (age 6) from four different kindergartens were chosen as a sample of the study. The…

  17. Teaching Children's Songs: A Taiwan-US Comparison of Approaches by Kindergarten Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Mei-Ying; Campbell, Patricia Shehan

    2016-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to compare differences in approaches to teaching children's song by kindergarten teachers in Taiwan and the USA. Five public school kindergarten teachers in Taipei, Taiwan, and five public kindergarten teachers in Seattle, USA, were invited to voluntarily participate in this study. They were asked to teach six…

  18. Relationships between Chronological Age, Developmental Age, and Standardized Achievement Tests in Kindergarten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freberg, Laura

    1991-01-01

    Evaluated chronological age and results of Gesell School Readiness Test as predictors of kindergarten performance as measured by Stanford Achievement Test. Results from 284 kindergarten children indicated that both chronological and developmental age provided good predictors of Stanford Achievement Test performance in kindergarten. Findings have…

  19. Full-Day Kindergarten: A Look across the States. 50-State Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Emily; Diffey, Louisa; Atchison, Bruce

    2016-01-01

    Research indicates that a high-quality, full-day kindergarten experience is a crucial component to setting students up for ongoing academic success, yet vast differences exist in the quality of kindergarten programs and how they are funded across the states. As states continue to develop strong pre-kindergarten (pre-K) programs, many are also…

  20. Behavioral Engagement in Learning and Math Achievement over Kindergarten: A Contextual Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Keith; Mueller, Anna S.

    2014-01-01

    Using nationally representative data on 12,462 kindergarten children, this report examines the link between behavioral engagement and math achievement growth during kindergarten. Multilevel models show that students with higher individual engagement tend to experience larger math achievement growth over kindergarten, that classroom engagement…

  1. The Longitudinal Effects of Kindergarten Enrollment and Relative Age on Children's Academic Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dagli, Ummuhan Yesil; Jones, Ithel

    2013-01-01

    Background: Research findings suggest that there may be some academic benefits for those children whose kindergarten enrollment is delayed, and the risk of underachievement seems to be greater for children who are younger when they first enter kindergarten. Although kindergarten enrollment occurs naturally, certain child, family, and childcare…

  2. Personality Types of Hong Kong Kindergarten Teachers: Implications for Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Yau-ho Paul; Li-fang, Zhang

    2013-01-01

    While an individual's personality is related to his or her well-being, little research has examined kindergarten teachers' personality. This research was the first to investigate Hong Kong kindergarten teachers' personality types using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Three hundred and seventy-one kindergarten teachers voluntarily responded…

  3. Examining Differences in Kindergarteners' Mathematics Learning: A Closer Look at Instruction, Socioeconomic Status, and Race

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Eunjoo

    2014-01-01

    The author examined whether mathematics instruction provided by kindergarten teachers is related to children's mathematics learning during the kindergarten year based on the children's socioeconomic status and race. Hierarchical linear modeling was employed using a large sample of kindergarten students to estimate relationships between the…

  4. Children's Play Behavior During Board Game Play in Korea and America Kindergarten Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Kee-Young

    2005-01-01

    This study explored Korean and American children's play behaviors during board games in a kindergarten classroom using an ethnographic approach. The Korean participants were 20 children and one teacher of one classroom at attached kindergarten of public elementary school. The American participants were 11 kindergarten children and one teacher from…

  5. An Analysis of Song-Leading by Kindergarten Teachers in Taiwan and the USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Mei-Ying; Campbell, Patricia Shehan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine components of the song-leading process used by kindergarten teachers in Taiwan and the United States, including the critical matter of starting pitch. Five public school kindergarten teachers in Taipei, Taiwan, and five public kindergarten teachers in Seattle, USA, were invited to participate in this study…

  6. The Transition to Kindergarten: Predicting Socio-Behavioral Outcomes for Children with and without Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welchons, Leah Wildenger; McIntyre, Laura Lee

    2017-01-01

    The transition to kindergarten is regarded as a critical early childhood developmental milestone with important implications for later school outcomes. Little prior research has focused on predictors of socio-behavioral kindergarten outcomes using longitudinal research designs. Further, few studies have examined kindergarten transition using…

  7. The Role of RtI in a Kindergarten Enrichment Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamm, Ellen M.; Harper, Kelly A.

    2014-01-01

    Researchers used a kindergarten screening to identify kindergarten students at risk for difficulties in reading (phonological awareness) and writing (fine motor and perceptual skills) prior to beginning the school year. Of the 102 incoming kindergarten students, 54 showed signs of reading or writing difficulties. These 54 children participated in…

  8. Dependent Classes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gasiunas, Vaidas; Mezini, Mira; Ostermann, Klaus

    2007-01-01

    Virtual classes allow nested classes to be refined in subclasses. In this way nested classes can be seen as dependent abstractions of the objects of the enclosing classes. Expressing dependency via nesting, however, has two limitations: Abstractions that depend on more than one object cannot...... be modeled and a class must know all classes that depend on its objects. This paper presents dependent classes, a generalization of virtual classes that expresses similar semantics by parameterization rather than by nesting. This increases expressivity of class variations as well as the flexibility...... of their modularization. Besides, dependent classes complement multi-methods in scenarios where multi-dispatched abstractions rather than multi-dispatched method are needed. They can also be used to express more precise signatures of multi-methods and even extend their dispatch semantics. We present a formal semantics...

  9. Epidemiology of Intestinal Parasite Infections among Kindergarten Children in Mekelle Town, Northern Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megbaru Alemu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Back ground: Intestinal parasitic infections are among the major public health problems in the Sub-Saharan Africa. However, surveys for intestinal parasites conducted in different areas of Ethiopia focused on school age children. Consequently, there is scarcity of data on the burden of intestinal parasites among children in Kindergartens. Material and Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted in three Kindergartens in Mekelle City, North Ethiopia from October to November 2013. A total of 400 (240 male and 160 female pre-school children were eligible to provide stool samples. Wet mount preparations and Kato Katz technique were applied to process stool samples. Results: The overall prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection was 29.3% in the study. Six protozoan and helminthic parasites were indentified and Hymenelopis nana was the predominant species (8.75% followed by Giardia lamblia (5.75, Entamoeba histolytica (5%, Enterobius vermicularis (5% and Ascaris lumbricoides (4%. Hookworms and Schistosomiasis mansoni were the least prevalent species. Conclusions: Intestinal parasitosis was high in the study area which indicates a need for provision of anti protozoan and anti helminthics, sanitation, provision of safe water supply and latrines accompanied by appropriate health education.

  10. Results of a Survey of Pupils and Teachers Regarding Television.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Patricia; Rapoport, Max

    To test the validity of hypotheses regarding television violence and social behavior of viewers, a survey was conducted of a large stratified sample of sixth grade and kindergarten pupils and of teachers. The student survey identified: (1) frequency with which pupils watch television; (2) parental control of television viewing; (3) family…

  11. Effects of All-Day, and Half-Day Kindergarten Programming on Reading, Writing, Math, and Classroom Social Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrand, Charlene

    This study compared the relative effects of three kindergarten schedules on children's achievement in reading, writing, and mathematics, and on children's prosocial classroom behaviors. Participating were 47 children attending all-day kindergarten, 56 attending alternate-day kindergarten, and 44 attending half-day kindergarten. Individual…

  12. 25 CFR 39.1100 - Interim fiscal year 1980 and fiscal year 1981 funding for pre-kindergarten programs previously...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... pre-kindergarten programs previously funded by the Bureau. 39.1100 Section 39.1100 Indians BUREAU OF...-kindergarten Programs § 39.1100 Interim fiscal year 1980 and fiscal year 1981 funding for pre-kindergarten programs previously funded by the Bureau. Those schools having pre-kindergarten programs funded fully or...

  13. Number sense growth in kindergarten: a longitudinal investigation of children at risk for mathematics difficulties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Nancy C; Kaplan, David; Nabors Oláh, Leslie; Locuniak, Maria N

    2006-01-01

    Number sense development of 411 middle- and low-income kindergartners (mean age 5.8 years) was examined over 4 time points while controlling for gender, age, and reading skill. Although low-income children performed significantly worse than middle-income children at the end of kindergarten on all tasks, both groups progressed at about the same rate. An exception was story problems, on which the low-income group achieved at a slower rate; both income groups made comparable progress when the same problems were presented nonverbally with visual referents. Holding other predictors constant, there were small but reliable gender effects favoring boys on overall number sense performance as well as on nonverbal calculation. Using growth mixture modeling, 3 classes of growth trajectories in number sense emerged.

  14. Astronomy Degree Recipients: Initial Employment. Data from the Degree Recipient Follow-Up Survey for the Classes of 2007, 2008 and 2009. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulvey, Patrick; Shindel, Brandon

    2011-01-01

    Each fall the Statistical Research Center conducts its Survey of Enrollments and Degrees, which asks all degree-granting physics and astronomy departments in the US to provide information concerning the numbers of students they have enrolled and counts of recent degree recipients. In connection with this survey, the authors ask for the names and…

  15. Astronomy Degree Recipients Initial Employment: Results from the Follow-Up Survey of Degree Recipients, Classes of 2010, 2011 and 2012 Combined. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pold, Jack; Mulvey, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    Each fall the Statistical Research Center (SRC) conducts its Survey of Enrollments and Degrees, which asks all degree-granting physics and astronomy departments in the US to provide information concerning the numbers of students they have enrolled and counts of recent degree recipients. In connection with this survey, SRC asks for the names and…

  16. Physics Bachelor's One Year Later: Data from the Degree Recipient Follow-Up Survey for the Classes of 2009 and 2010 Combined. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesfaye, Casey Langer; Mulvey, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    Each fall, the Statistical Research Center conducts its "Survey of Enrollments and Degrees" which asks physics and astronomy departments to provide information concerning the number of students they have enrolled and counts of recent degree recipients. In connection with this survey, the authors ask for the names and contact information for their…

  17. Physics Bachelor's Initial Employment: Data from the Degree Recipient Follow-Up Survey for the Classes of 2009 and 2010. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesfaye, Casey Langer; Mulvey, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    Each fall the Statistical Research Center conducts its Survey of Enrollments and Degrees, which asks all degree-granting physics and astronomy departments in the U.S. to provide information concerning the numbers of students they have enrolled and counts of recent degree recipients. In connection with this survey, the authors ask for the names and…

  18. Physics Bachelor's One Year after Degree: Data from the Degree Recipient Follow-Up Survey for the Classes of 2011 and 2012 Combined. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesfaye, Casey Langer; Mulvey, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Each fall, the Statistical Research Center conducts the "Survey of Enrollments and Degrees," which asks physics and astronomy departments to provide information concerning the number of students they have enrolled and counts of recent degree recipients. In connection with this survey, the names and contact information for their recent…

  19. Physics Doctorates Initial Employment: Data from the Degree Recipient Follow-Up Survey for the Classes of 2011 and 2012. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulvey, Patrick; Pold, Jack

    2014-01-01

    Each fall the Statistical Research Center (SRC) conducts its Survey of Enrollments and Degrees, which asks all degree-granting physics and astronomy departments in the U.S. to provide information concerning the number of students they have enrolled and the counts of recent degree recipients. In connection with this survey, SRC asks for the names…

  20. Can universal pre-kindergarten programs improve population health and longevity? Mechanisms, evidence, and policy implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muennig, Peter

    2015-02-01

    Recent research has found that children who attended pre-kindergarten programs in childhood were more likely to be healthy as adults. One intuitive way of improving population health and longevity may therefore be to invest in pre-kindergarten programs. However, much of the research linking pre-kindergarten programs to health is very recent and has not been synthesized. In this paper, I review the mechanisms linking pre-kindergarten programs in childhood to adult longevity, and the experimental evidence backing up these linkages. I conclude with a critical exploration of whether investments in pre-kindergarten programs could also serve as investments in public health.

  1. Birthing Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... first birth and hope to have a vaginal delivery this time, there is a class for that, too. Choose ... t covered in your birthing class, it’s a good idea to take an individual class on it, especially if you are a first-time mother. The health benefits of breastfeeding your baby ...

  2. SY 2010-11 Customer Satisfaction Survey Results (Full Report). DoDEA Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Defense Education Activity, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) Customer Satisfaction Survey is a biennial survey administered by DoDEA to parents and students to monitor DoDEA's success in meeting students' needs. The survey is administered every other year to sponsors with children in pre-kindergarten-12th grade and to students in grades 4-12. For the…

  3. SY 2008-09 Customer Satisfaction Survey Results (Full Report). DoDEA Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Defense Education Activity, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) Customer Satisfaction Survey is a biennial survey administered by DoDEA to parents and students to monitor DoDEA's success in meeting students' needs. The survey is administered every other year to sponsors with children in pre-kindergarten--12th grade and to students in grades 4-12. For the…

  4. The Use of Children's Literature in Malaysian Kindergartens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Karen Kow Yip

    This paper discusses the use of storytelling as a pedagogic tool in Malaysian kindergartens. By listening to stories, the children learn to tell stories that involve communicating meaning. This is an effective learning technique, because stories and storytelling feed the children's imaginations, hone their listening skills, extend their…

  5. Kindergarten Children's Perceptions of "Anthropomorphic Artifacts" with Adaptive Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuperman, Asi; Mioduser, David

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, children from a kindergarten in central Israel have been exposed to learning experiences in technology as part of the implementation of a curriculum based on technological thinking, including topics related to behaving-adaptive-artifacts (e.g., robots). This study aims to unveil children's stance towards behaving artifacts:…

  6. Gender Differences in Kindergarteners' Robotics and Programming Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Amanda; Bers, Marina Umaschi

    2013-01-01

    Early childhood is a critical period for introducing girls to traditionally masculine fields of science and technology before more extreme gender stereotypes surface in later years. This study looks at the TangibleK Robotics Program in order to determine whether kindergarten boys and girls were equally successful in a series of building and…

  7. Difficulties with Team Teaching in Hong Kong Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Mei Lee

    2015-01-01

    This article draws on qualitative classroom observation and interview data from a case study of one native-English speaker teacher (NEST) teaching in a Hong Kong kindergarten. Features of the NEST's teaching are identified, namely their professional limitations, their part-time involvement in teaching, and their limited collaboration with the…

  8. French Immersion for English Language Learners?: Kindergarten Teachers' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mady, Callie

    2016-01-01

    Given the increasingly diverse, multilingual student body in Canada, the call for increased inclusion in education, and in light of research highlighting the potential for inclusion in French immersion (FI) to be limited by gatekeepers, this study examines the beliefs of kindergarten teachers regarding the inclusion of English language learners in…

  9. The Influential Interactions of Pre-Kindergarten Writers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kissel, Brian; Hansen, Jane; Tower, Holly; Lawrence, Jody

    2011-01-01

    This article examines six years of ethnographic research in Robyn Davis's pre-kindergarten classroom in the USA. Using a theoretical framework to embed writing within a social semiotic that is multimodal and has social intent (Street, 2003), the authors show how children used interactions during writing to create various written products. Three…

  10. Effects of Individualized Word Retrieval in Kindergarten Vocabulary Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damhuis, Carmen M. P.; Segers, Eliane; Scheltinga, Femke; Verhoeven, Ludo

    2016-01-01

    We examined the effects of adaptive word retrieval intervention on a classroom vocabulary program on children's vocabulary acquisition in kindergarten. In the experimental condition, word retrieval was provided in a classroom vocabulary program, combining implicit and explicit vocabulary instructions. Children performed extra word retrieval…

  11. "Dinosaurs." Kindergarten. Anchorage School District Elementary Science Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herminghaus, Trisha, Ed.

    This unit contains 15 lessons on dinosaurs for kindergarten children. It provides a materials list, supplementary materials list, use of process skill terminology, unit objectives, vocabulary, six major dinosaurs, and background information. Lessons are: (1) "Webbing"; (2) "Introduction to the Big Six"; (3) "Paleontology and Fossils"; (4) "How Big…

  12. Young Children Learning: A Teacher's Guide to Kindergarten. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Brunswick Dept. of Education, Fredericton (Canada).

    This kindergarten curriculum guide describes children's learning and development in a play-based environment and the creation of such an environment. The first part of the guide discusses child development. Physical development is considered in terms of sensory awareness, motor skills, creative movement, skilled actions with objects, and the…

  13. Young Children Learning: A Teacher's Guide to Kindergarten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Brunswick Dept. of Education, Fredericton (Canada).

    The first part of this guide describes how kindergarten children learn and develop and how teachers can enhance children's intellectual, physical, and social development in the context of their activity in a prepared, play-based environment. Topics addressed include physical development, sensory awareness, motor skills, creative movement, skilled…

  14. Multicomponent Linguistic Awareness Intervention for At-Risk Kindergarteners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoski, Jennifer L.; Erickson, Karen A.

    2017-01-01

    This study investigated the feasibility of multicomponent linguistic awareness intervention on early literacy skills in at-risk kindergarteners. Seventeen students, including native Spanish-speaking English language learners (n = 10) and native English speakers (n = 7), participated in a 6-week small-group therapy program, for a total of 12…

  15. Didactic Dissonance: Teacher Roles in Computer Gaming Situations in Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vangsnes, Vigdis; Økland, Nils Tore Gram

    2015-01-01

    In computer gaming situations in kindergartens, the pre-school teacher's function can be viewed in a continuum. At one extreme is the teacher who takes an intervening role and at the other extreme is the teacher who chooses to restrict herself/himself to an organising or distal role. This study shows that both the intervening position and the…

  16. Ornithologists by Design: Kindergarteners Design, Construct, and Evaluate Bird Feeders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shorter, Angela; Segers, Marcia

    2016-01-01

    How can an engineer design a bird feeder that attracts many birds? This question resulted from kindergarten students' observations of the bird feeders in their school's bird sanctuary. The challenging question is the heart of project-based learning (PBL), a teaching strategy in which students tackle real-world problems and design projects to solve…

  17. Preschool Impact on Children: Its Sustaining Effects into Kindergarten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterlind, Steven J.

    1980-01-01

    Children in kindergarten grade were studied comparing pupils who had previously attended preschool with those who had not. Reading (or reading readiness) and mathematics achievement, academic potential, social and emotional maturity, conformity to successful pupil behaviors, and adjustment to academic and social setting in the classroom were…

  18. Catalogue of Videorecordings and Films, Kindergarten to Grade 6, 1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg. Instructional Resources Branch.

    This catalogue lists and indexes 2,233 videorecordings, 16mm film, and videodisc titles held by the Library, Manitoba Education and Training for borrowing; some are also available for dubbing. The catalog indexes materials intended for children in kindergarten through grade 6, and is divided into three parts: an annotated title and series index, a…

  19. Informal and Formal Means of Assessing Kindergarten Children's Communicative Competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Janet K.

    Methods of assessing children's oral language ability are explored in this paper. Following a discussion of problems involved in the formal assessment of oral language ability, a study is described that revealed that the evaluation of the oral language of 12 kindergarten children in the social context of the natural classroom environment,…

  20. Kindergarten Children's Communicative Competence: Findings from an Ethnographic Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazarus, Peggy G.

    In anticipation of providing a baseline of competencies on which teachers and school researchers could build, an ethnographic study was conducted of the communicative competencies of kindergarten children as revealed in spontaneous speech occurring across entire school days. Nonparticipant and, occasionally, participant observation methods were…

  1. Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among kindergarten children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sansolios, Sanne; Brandhøj, Mia; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: The objective of the study was to test the Sapere-method as a method to develop taste awareness for fruits and vegetables among kindergarten aged children. The study aimed at linking consumption of F&V to knowledge and awareness of different senses such as taste and texture. It was also...

  2. Didactic Dissonance: Teacher Roles in Computer Gaming Situations in Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vangsnes, Vigdis; Økland, Nils Tore Gram

    2015-01-01

    In computer gaming situations in kindergartens, the pre-school teacher's function can be viewed in a continuum. At one extreme is the teacher who takes an intervening role and at the other extreme is the teacher who chooses to restrict herself/himself to an organising or distal role. This study shows that both the intervening position and the…

  3. A Kindergarten Cardiovascular Risk Surveillance Study: CARDIAC-Kinder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cottrell, Lesley; Spangler-Murphy, Emily; Minor, Valerie; Downes, Amia; Nicholson, Paula; Neal, William A.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate an intervention aimed at increasing family physical activity and parent education about diet and activity for kindergarten students and issues related to their children's BMI. Methods: A randomized, controlled trial design was used to assess intervention impact in parental report of child diet and physical activity, and step…

  4. The Developmental Approach to Kindergarten: Profile of an Expert Teacher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klauke, Amy

    1988-01-01

    Providing an example of educational practice others may wish to emulate, this bulletin profiles the work of Elga Brown, an extraordinary kindergarten teacher at Edison Elementary School in Eugene, Oregon. The basic educational objective of Brown's classroom is that every one has a good day, and the overriding rule is that everyone allow everyone…

  5. Early numerical abilities and cognitive skills in kindergarten children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passolunghi, Maria Chiara; Lanfranchi, Silvia; Altoè, Gianmarco; Sollazzo, Nadia

    2015-07-01

    In this study, a unitary path analysis model was developed to investigate the relationship between cognitive variables (derived from published studies) and early numerical abilities in children attending the last year of kindergarten. We tested 100 children starting their last year of kindergarten on the following cognitive abilities: intelligence, phonological abilities, counting, verbal and visuospatial short-term memory and working memory, processing speed, and early numerical abilities. The same children were tested again on early numerical abilities at the end of the same year. The children's early numerical abilities at the beginning of the final year of kindergarten were found to be directly related to their verbal intelligence, phonological abilities, processing speed, and working memory and to be indirectly related to their nonverbal intelligence. Early numerical abilities at the end of the same year are directly related not only to early numerical abilities assessed at the beginning of the year but also to working memory and phonological abilities as well as have an indirect relationship with verbal and nonverbal intelligence. Overall, our results showed that both general and specific abilities are related to early mathematic learning in kindergarten-age children.

  6. Direct Vocabulary Instruction in Kindergarten: Teaching for Breadth versus Depth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyne, Michael D.; McCoach, D. Betsy; Loftus, Susan; Zipoli, Richard, Jr.; Kapp, Sharon

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare 2 methods for directly teaching word meanings to kindergarten students within storybook read-alouds that varied in instructional time and depth of instruction along with a control condition that provided students with incidental exposure to target words. Embedded instruction introduces target word meanings…

  7. Ready for Success: Creating Collaborative and Thoughtful Transitions into Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Christine; Wang, Justina

    2012-01-01

    In this brief, Christine Patton and Justina Wang, from Harvard Family Research Project, look at ways of helping to make the transition into kindergarten a positive experience that will serve as a foundation to help children reach their full potential throughout their school years. The brief highlights promising practices in six states--New Jersey,…

  8. Lanquage and Thought——The Inspiration for Kindergarten Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席颖

    2009-01-01

    Based on the four famous theories of the relationship between language and thought, the author will endeavor to find out the nature between them and apply it to the kindergarten education in the dissertation,aiming at the concrete help to all nursery teachers.

  9. Problematizing Finland's Pursuit of Intercultural (Kindergarten) Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layne, Heidi; Dervin, Fred

    2016-01-01

    The argument that teachers should become ethical intercultural teachers is increasingly recognized as legitimate. This article presents a case study in kindergarten teacher education in Finland, a country that has been at the center of global discussions about quality education. The authors question the agenda for studying and teaching in an…

  10. Teacher-Children Interaction and Concept Development in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosemberg, Celia Renata; Silva, Maria Luisa

    2009-01-01

    This article analyzes the interaction between teachers and children in kindergarten classrooms in order to identify and describe the discursive strategies of teachers that retrieve children's previous expressions to clarify and specify concepts represented in them. Data analyzed include 90 situations of teacher-children exchanges in 7 kindergarten…

  11. Database design and database administration for a kindergarten

    OpenAIRE

    Vítek, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    The bachelor thesis deals with creation of database design for a standard kindergarten, installation of the designed database into the database system Oracle Database 10g Express Edition and demonstration of the administration tasks in this database system. The verification of the database was proved by a developed access application.

  12. Ready for What? Constructing Meanings of Readiness for Kindergarten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graue, M. Elizabeth

    This book examines the issue of school readiness, focusing on children's readiness for entrance into kindergarten and promotion to first grade. Chapter 1 reviews the literature on school readiness, exploring trends in policy related to readiness and readiness as a child-centered characteristic. Chapter 2 examines various theoretical frameworks for…

  13. Froebel Crosses the Alps: Introducing the Kindergarten in Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albisetti, James C.

    2009-01-01

    The kindergarten was, in all countries but Germany, a foreign import. The most familiar aspect of its diffusion to American scholars is the spread of Froebel's teachings into England and the United States by emigrants who had left the German Confederation after the failure of the revolutions of 1848-49. Familiar as well are the propaganda efforts…

  14. Handbook for Written Composition, Kindergarten-Grade 8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chicago Board of Education, IL.

    Developed to provide teachers with a framework for writing instruction, this handbook presents the objectives for writing in the elementary schools from kindergarten through grade 8. After a brief overview of the handbook, information covered includes: (1) a description of writing types (creative expression, narration, exposition, persuasion, and…

  15. "Israel Is Meant for Me": Kindergarteners' Conceptions of Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakai, Sivan

    2015-01-01

    What is Israel in the minds and hearts of young American Jewish children? Through interviews and photo and music elicitation exercises, this research uncovers how day school kindergarten students conceive of Israel. This study, part of an ongoing longitudinal project, shows how 5- and 6-year-old children are able to form a multilayered conception…

  16. Kindergarten Plus: Integrating Children with Disabilities into Early Childhood Classrooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deutsch-Berney, Tomi; Ticke, Lynne

    1995-01-01

    New York City's SuperStart Plus and Kindergarten Plus programs provide a developmentally appropriate learning environment that encourages both general- and special-education children's language, cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development. Teachers integrate multicultural and English-as-a-Second-Language strategies into their teaching.…

  17. Narrative Development in Bilingual Kindergarteners: Can Arthur Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchikoshi, Yuuko

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the effects of the children's TV program Arthur on the development of narrative skills over an academic year for Spanish-speaking English-language learners. In October, February, and June of their kindergarten year, children were asked to tell a story, in English, prompted by 3 pictures. Before the 2nd and 3rd assessments, half…

  18. Exploring Kindergarten Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Joohi

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess 81 kindergarten teachers' pedagogical content knowledge of mathematics on six subcategory areas such as number sense, pattern, ordering, shapes, spatial sense, and comparison. The data showed participants possessed a higher level of pedagogical content knowledge of "number sense" (M = 89.12) compared to…

  19. Rooms with Gender: Physical Environment and Play Culture in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Børve, Hege Eggen; Børve, Elin

    2017-01-01

    This article focuses on the impact of the physical environment and construction of play culture in kindergartens. Based on a case study, we explore employees' perception of indoor physical environment and children's play. The findings revealed that gender is interwoven in the physical environments and materials. Children's play practices are…

  20. Ornithologists by Design: Kindergarteners Design, Construct, and Evaluate Bird Feeders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shorter, Angela; Segers, Marcia

    2016-01-01

    How can an engineer design a bird feeder that attracts many birds? This question resulted from kindergarten students' observations of the bird feeders in their school's bird sanctuary. The challenging question is the heart of project-based learning (PBL), a teaching strategy in which students tackle real-world problems and design projects to solve…

  1. Factors Affecting Intervention Fidelity of Differentiated Instruction in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dijkstra, Elma M.; Walraven, Amber; Mooij, Ton; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2017-01-01

    This paper reports on the findings in the first phase of a design-based research project as part of a large-scale intervention study in Dutch kindergartens. The project aims at enhancing differentiated instruction and evaluating its effects on children's development, in particular high-ability children. This study investigates relevant…

  2. Problem-Solving during Shared Reading at Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosen, Myrte N.; Berenst, Jan; de Glopper, Kees

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports on a conversation analytic study of problem-solving interactions during shared reading at three kindergartens in the Netherlands. It illustrates how teachers and pupils discuss book characters' problems that arise in the events in the picture books. A close analysis of the data demonstrates that problem-solving interactions do…

  3. Academic language use in science education in Kindergarten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Menninga, Astrid; van Dijk, Marijn; Wetzels, Anna; Steenbeek, Henderien; van Geert, Paul

    2015-01-01

    This study aims at gaining insight into the academic language use of teachers and their pupils in science education in Kindergarten. Using videotaped classroom observations of a video feedback coaching intervention study (Author Citation, 2012), teachers’ (intervention n = 5, controls n = 5) and

  4. "Dinosaurs." Kindergarten. Anchorage School District Elementary Science Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herminghaus, Trisha, Ed.

    This unit contains 15 lessons on dinosaurs for kindergarten children. It provides a materials list, supplementary materials list, use of process skill terminology, unit objectives, vocabulary, six major dinosaurs, and background information. Lessons are: (1) "Webbing"; (2) "Introduction to the Big Six"; (3) "Paleontology…

  5. Vocabulary Instruction in Commonly Used Kindergarten Core Reading Curricula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Tanya S.; Neuman, Susan B.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which commonly used core reading curricular materials supported research-based pedagogical features for oral vocabulary instruction in kindergarten. A document analysis was completed for 12 weeks of instructional materials from the teacher's editions of the 4 most widely used curricula.…

  6. The Effectiveness of a Supplemental Pre-Kindergarten Vocabulary Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Na Young

    2013-01-01

    Oral vocabulary is a strong predictor of young children's later reading development. Many children enter kindergarten with weak vocabulary knowledge and could benefit from an extra level or higher tier of intentional instruction in vocabulary that supplements the Tier 1 core curriculum in language. Recent findings from research developing a…

  7. Pennsylvania's Pre-Kindergarten Crisis: A Crime Prevention Tragedy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003

    Noting that at-risk children who attend high quality early childhood care and pre-kindergarten programs are less likely to commit delinquent or criminal behaviors than children denied access to such programs, this report presents information on the effectiveness of such programs for preventing crime and argues that Pennsylvania can prevent crime…

  8. Children's Rights and the Operation of Greek Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Synodi, Evanthia

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides a critical analysis of the impact of the "Presidential Decree 200" (1998) regarding the operation of kindergartens in Greece, on children's enjoyment of their rights. It appears that the "Decree" does not respect, protect or fulfil the participation rights of the child whereas it respects, protects and…

  9. Narrative Development in Bilingual Kindergarteners: Can Arthur Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchikoshi, Yuuko

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the effects of the children's TV program Arthur on the development of narrative skills over an academic year for Spanish-speaking English-language learners. In October, February, and June of their kindergarten year, children were asked to tell a story, in English, prompted by 3 pictures. Before the 2nd and 3rd assessments, half…

  10. Building a Case for Blocks as Kindergarten Mathematics Learning Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinzer, Cathy; Gerhardt, Kacie; Coca, Nicole

    2016-01-01

    Kindergarteners need access to blocks as thinking tools to develop, model, test, and articulate their mathematical ideas. In the current educational landscape, resources such as blocks are being pushed to the side and being replaced by procedural worksheets and academic "seat time" in order to address standards. Mathematics research…

  11. Implementation of a Speech Improvement Program at the Kindergarten Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Robert A.

    Evaluated was a speech improvement program for kindergarten students in which speech improvement lessons were summarized for teachers, and the services of itinerant speech therapists were shared by classroom teachers. Teacher and therapist agreed upon specific speech lessons which were conducted on a weekly basis. Program development involved…

  12. Children's Rights and the Operation of Greek Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Synodi, Evanthia

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides a critical analysis of the impact of the "Presidential Decree 200" (1998) regarding the operation of kindergartens in Greece, on children's enjoyment of their rights. It appears that the "Decree" does not respect, protect or fulfil the participation rights of the child whereas it respects, protects and…

  13. Survey and analysis on the status of Enterobiasis infection in private kindergartens in Longhua District of Haikou City%海口市龙华区私立幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染情况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴贺辉; 柳玲; 史春蕾; 杨佳佳; 黄小娟; 芦亚君

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解海口市龙华区私立幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染情况,为蛲虫病在私立幼儿园的防治提供科学依据.方法 按照《全国人体重要寄生虫病现状调查实施细则》方法和要求,随机抽取海口市龙华区10所私立幼儿园为调查对象,使用透明胶纸粘贴法检查儿童蛲虫感染情况,并对结果进行统计分析.结果 本次调查10所私立幼儿园共1 665名儿童,感染人数为414名,感染率为24.86%.不同年龄儿童蛲虫感染率随年龄的增长而升高,感染率最高组为6岁组,最低为2岁组,各年龄组感染率比较差异均有统计学意义(P0.05);不同幼儿园蛲虫感染率差异较大,最高为52.83%,最低为6.77%,差异有统计学意义(P0.05).The infection rate showed statistically signifi-cant differences between different kindergartens (P<0.05),with the highest rate of 52.83%and lowest rate of 6.77%.Conclusion The infection rate is high in private kindergartens in Longhua District of Haikou City.The guardian should pay attention to the prevention and control of Enterobiasis,strengthen management of children's living environ-ment,improve health consciousness,and change the bad living habits to effectively prevent Enterobiasis.

  14. Principal Turnover: Are There Different Types of Principals Who Move from or Leave Their Schools? A Latent Class Analysis of the 2007-2008 Schools and Staffing Survey and the 2008-2009 Principal Follow-Up Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyce, Jared; Bowers, Alex J.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the extent to which there is a typology of principals who depart from their schools in the U.S. using the 2007-2008 Schools and Staffing Survey and the 2008-2009 Principal Follow-up Survey. Prior principal retention research has focused on identifying factors that predict principal turnover; however,…

  15. Physics Masters One Year after Degree: Results from the Follow-Up Survey of Master's Recipients, Classes of 2012, 2013, & 2014 Combined. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pold, Jack; Mulvey, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    Exiting physics master's recipients from the classes of 2012, 2013, and 2014 combined pursued a variety of different post-degree outcomes. Initial outcomes differed greatly depending on citizenship. The majority of US citizens were in the workforce following the receipt of their master's degrees. In contrast, the majority of non-US citizens…

  16. Predictive validity of kindergarten assessments on handwriting readiness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Hartingsveldt, Margo J; Cup, Edith H C; Hendriks, Jan C M; de Vries, Liesbeth; de Groot, Imelda J M; Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Maria W G

    2014-10-16

    We investigated the predictive value of a new kindergarten assessment of handwriting readiness on handwriting performance in first grade as evaluated by the Systematic Screening for Handwriting Difficulties (Dutch abbreviation: SOS). The kindergarten assessment consisted of the Writing Readiness Inventory Tool In Context (WRITIC), the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (Beery™VMI) and the Nine-Hole Peg Test (9-HPT). The WRITIC evaluates in kindergarten children (aged 5-6 years) prewriting skills, the Beery™VMI and 9-HPT evaluate visual motor integration and fine-motor coordination, all elements important for handwriting readiness. In kindergarten, 109 children (55 boys; mean age 70 months, SD 4.8 months) were tested with the WRITIC, Beery™VMI and 9-HPT and one year later in first grade (mean age 85 months, SD 4.5 months) with the SOS. A multivariable linear mixed model was used to identify variables that independently predict outcomes in first grade (SOS): baseline scores on WRITIC-TP, Beery™VMI, 9-HPT, 'sustained attention,' 'gender,' 'age' and 'intervention' in the intermediate period. The results showed that WRITIC-TP, Beery™VMI, and 9-HPT, 'sustained attention,' 'gender' and 'intervention' had all predictive value on the handwriting outcome. Thereby WRITIC-TP was the main predictor for outcome of SOS-Quality, and Beery™VMI and 9-HPT were the main predictors of SOS-Speed. This kindergarten assessment of WRITIC-TP, Beery™VMI, and 9-HPT contributes to the detection of children at risk for developing handwriting problems.

  17. Student versus Faculty Perceptions of Missing Class.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sleigh, Merry J.; Ritzer, Darren R.; Casey, Michael B.

    2002-01-01

    Examines and compares student and faculty attitudes towards students missing classes and class attendance. Surveys undergraduate students (n=231) in lower and upper level psychology courses and psychology faculty. Reports that students found more reasons acceptable for missing classes and that the amount of in-class material on the examinations…

  18. Migrant children in the German kindergarten: data, problems, and pedagogical models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feil, C

    1985-12-01

    The integration of migrant children into German society is a controversial pedagogical task for educational institutions. An important part of this task is assigned to the kindergarten, since the early learning of social values and norms increases the chance of integration. The increasing number of migrant children in kindergartens has confronted teachers with new problems and changed tasks. In the 1980s, almost all kindergartens have migrant children enrolled in them; in some urban areas, there are kindergartens with 50% or more migrant children students. Some migrant children confront the use, or the continous use, of the German language for the 1st time in kindergarten. A secondary danger is abandoning a child with incomplete knowledge and inadequate German. These children will encounter new language problems in school. Although very little information is available on migrant parents' opinions of kindergartens, the limited data available indicate that parents generally respond favorably, although they fear alienation from their children. The migrant parents expect the kindergartens to teach their children German. The German kindergarten will not and cannot prepare children for life in their home country, even if it is kindly disposed towards a multitude of cultures. The kindergarten is only able to prepare children for life in Germany. Migrant children have special problems with bilingualism and cultural distance. Migrant children do not "cause" problems. Rather they offer an occasion to reflect on the work of the kindergarten and to include new and different experiences.

  19. 做新时期有魅力的幼儿教师%On How to be Charming Kindergarten Teachers in the New Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘亭

    2016-01-01

    幼儿教师是幼儿最早接触的教师形象,其自身的魅力对幼儿的影响是最初也是终生的,幼儿教师应塑造人格魅力,展现形象魅力,具备教学及班级管理能力的魅力,做到心中有爱、美丽自信,做新时期有魅力的幼儿教师。%The influence of the personal charm of kindergarten teachers, as the earliest teacher image for young children, on young children, is the earliest and also lifelong. To be charming kindergarten teachers in the new period, they should shape their personality charm, show their image charm and develop the charm of teaching and class management ability, and also be self-confident.

  20. Kindergarten Teachers' Perceived School Culture and Well-Being: A Comparison of Non-Profit-Making and Profit-Making Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Yau Ho P.

    2010-01-01

    Previous research has rarely examined teachers' perceptions of school culture (perceived school culture) and well-being in Hong Kong's non-profit-making (NPM) and profit-making (PM) kindergartens. Thus, the purpose of this study was twofold: first, it examined the relationships between Hong Kong kindergarten teachers' perceived school culture and…

  1. 儿歌教学中师幼互动效果研究--以一次幼儿园语言活动课为例%Study on the Effect of the Interaction between Teachers and Preschoolers in the Teaching Activity of Children ’s Song:Taking a Language Activity Class in Kindergarten as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘祺蓉; 陶志琼

    2016-01-01

    儿歌学习对于幼儿语言能力的发展有着重要作用,儿歌教学活动中师幼互动效果是决定语言教学活动成功与否的关键。论文以儿童语言能力发展为目标,结合研究者自身在幼儿园上的一堂语言活动课为例,运用FIAC互动分析分类体系,对师幼互动情况进行研究。论文立足幼儿语言教学的实践活动,运用观察法、访谈法,为教师更好的组织语言课堂活动,提高幼儿园语言教学活动中的师幼互动质量提供建设性的意见。%Learning to chant children’s song is of great significance to children’s development in their language ability .The interaction between teachers and children determines the effect of the teaching activity of children ’s song .Based on the teaching experience of the author ,with FIAC as the major analyzing method ,this paper focuses on the interaction between teachers and children in children’ s development of language ability .Observation and interview are two major research methods mainly employed in this research .This study ,on the basis of language teaching practice ,aims at providing references for preschool teachers to improve their organization of their class ,and enhance the effect of the interaction between them and the children .

  2. PROSAC: A Submillimeter Array survey of low-mass protostars. II. The mass evolution of envelopes, disks, and stars from the Class 0 through I stages

    CERN Document Server

    Jorgensen, Jes K; Visser, Ruud; Bourke, Tyler L; Wilner, David J; Lommen, Dave; Hogerheijde, Michiel R; Myers, Philip C

    2009-01-01

    The key question about early protostellar evolution is how matter is accreted from the large-scale molecular cloud, through the circumstellar disk onto the central star. A sample of 20 Class 0 and I protostars has been observed in continuum at (sub)millimeter wavelengths at high angular resolution with the Submillimeter Array. Using detailed dust radiative transfer models, we have developed a framework for disentangling the continuum emission from the envelopes and disks, and from that estimated their masses. For the Class I sources in the sample, HCO+ 3-2 line emission has furthermore been observed with the Submillimeter Array. Four of these sources show signs of Keplerian rotation, constraining the masses of the central stars. Both Class 0 and I protostars are surrounded by disks with typical masses of about 0.05 M_sun. No evidence is found for a correlation between the disk mass and evolutionary stage of the young stellar objects. This contrasts the envelope mass, which decreases sharply from 1 M_sun in th...

  3. Physics Doctorates One Year after Degree: Data from the Follow-Up Survey of Degree Recipients from the Classes of 2011 and 2012. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulvey, Patrick; Pold, Jack; Tesfaye, Casey

    2014-01-01

    Each fall the American Institute of Physics (AIP) Statistical Research Center conducts its Survey of Enrollments and Degrees, which asks all degree-granting physics and astronomy departments in the U.S. to provide information concerning the number of students they have enrolled and the counts of recent degree recipients. In connection with this…

  4. Physics Bachelor's Initial Employment: Data from the Degree Recipient Follow-Up Survey for the Classes of 2011 and 2012. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulvey, Patrick; Pold, Jack

    2015-01-01

    New physics bachelor's entering the workforce receive some of the highest starting salaries of any undergraduate majors. Each fall, the Statistical Research Center conducts its "Survey of Enrollments and Degrees," which asks physics and astronomy departments to provide information concerning the numbers of students they have enrolled and…

  5. Investigation and Research on Job Burnout of Rural Kindergarten Teachers in Shanxi%山西省农村幼儿园教师职业倦怠现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洁

    2014-01-01

    The job burnout of the rural kindergarten teachers in Shanxi Province and its effect are in-vestigated by questionnaires,and the result shows that although the job burnout of the rural kindergar-ten teachers are not serious,the situation is widespread,especially .emotional exhaustion is more seri-ous.Teaching years,teaching classes,class size,kindergarten running part and marital status have ap-parent influence on the rural kindergarten teachers’job burnout.%以山西省农村幼儿园教师为被试,运用问卷调查法研究山西省农村幼儿园教师的职业倦怠及其影响因素。结果表明:农村幼儿园教师的职业倦怠虽不严重,但已普遍存在,尤其以情绪耗竭较为严重;教龄、任教班级、班级规模、幼儿园性质及婚姻情况对山西省农村幼儿园教师职业倦怠有显著影响。

  6. Notes on absolute Hodge classes

    CERN Document Server

    Charles, François

    2011-01-01

    We survey the theory of absolute Hodge classes. The notes include a full proof of Deligne's theorem on absolute Hodge classes on abelian varieties as well as a discussion of other topics, such as the field of definition of Hodge loci and the Kuga-Satake construction.

  7. ADULT EDUCATION AND SOCIAL CLASS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LONDON, JACK; AND OTHERS

    IDENTIFICATION OF SOME OF THE VARIABLES THAT ENCOURAGE OR DISCOURAGE PARTICIPATION IN ADULT EDUCATION AMONG MIDDLE-CLASS AND WORKING-CLASS MEN WAS THE BASIS FOR THIS STUDY. A COMMUNITY SURVEY WAS USED TO LOCATE A SAMPLE OF PARTICIPANTS AND NONPARTICIPANTS, AS WELL AS TO PROVIDE DESCRIPTIVE DATA ABOUT THE RATES OF PARTICIPATION. A MATCHED SAMPLE…

  8. Early Mathematics Achievement Trajectories: English-Language Learner and Native English-Speaker Estimates, Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Greg; Bryant, Diane

    2012-01-01

    This study used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey, Kindergarten Class of 1998 –1999, to (a) estimate mathematics achievement trends through 5th grade in the population of students who are English-language proficient by the end of kindergarten, (b) compare trends across primary language groups within this English-language proficient group, (c) evaluate the effect of low socioeconomic status (SES) for English-language proficient students and within different primary language groups, and (d) estimate language-group trends in specific mathematics skill areas. The group of English-language proficient English-language learners (ELLs) was disaggregated into native Spanish speakers and native speakers of Asian languages, the 2 most prevalent groups of ELLs in the United States. Results of multilevel latent variable growth modeling suggest that primary language may be less salient than SES in explaining the mathematics achievement of English-language proficient ELLs. The study also found that mathematics-related school readiness is a key factor in explaining subsequent achievement differences and that the readiness gap is prevalent across the range of mathematics-related skills. PMID:21574702

  9. Early mathematics achievement trajectories: English-language learner and native English-speaker estimates, using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Greg; Bryant, Diane

    2011-07-01

    This study used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, to (a) estimate mathematics achievement trends through 5th grade in the population of students who are English-language proficient by the end of kindergarten, (b) compare trends across primary language groups within this English-language proficient group, (c) evaluate the effect of low socioeconomic status (SES) for English-language proficient students and within different primary language groups, and (d) estimate language-group trends in specific mathematics skill areas. The group of English-language proficient English-language learners (ELLs) was disaggregated into native Spanish speakers and native speakers of Asian languages, the 2 most prevalent groups of ELLs in the United States. Results of multilevel latent variable growth modeling suggest that primary language may be less salient than SES in explaining the mathematics achievement of English-language proficient ELLs. The study also found that mathematics-related school readiness is a key factor in explaining subsequent achievement differences and that the readiness gap is prevalent across the range of mathematics-related skills.

  10. VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT OF KINDERGARTEN STUDENTS OF APPLE TREE PRE-SCHOOL SAMARINDA BY USING FLASHCARDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Mustika Rachmita

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:This present study aimed to investigate 14 kindergarten students of Apple Tree pre-school Samarinda with various ability toward their English vocabularies development by flashcards. A Class Action Research was applied in this study. The data was collected through observation checklist, sequence of cycles and interview transcript. Then, building on the analysis of the collected data, it further discusses the vocabulary development of YL and provides suggestions for TEYL. This study revealed that; (1 most of the students developed their English vocabularies gradually by flashcards. (2 These result indicated that TEYL especially kindergarten students by using flashcards could give significant vocabularies development in learning process. Flashcards is one of the simplest and effective teaching materials for teaching YL vocabulary due to the fact that flashcards are categorized based on themes with full colored pictures which attractive for YL. As this study showed the students were engaged with the topics given since the teachers used flashcards to teach English vocabulary. It was difficult to make engagement with YL in English teaching and learning because YL have different mood, self-motivation, and self-confidence which influenced to the willingness in grasping the lesson. Finally, through this based-picture learning, the students indicated that their progress in vocabulary development although this phenomena was commonly happened in TEFL for YL that lead to teaching method done by English teachers who are required to do more innovation toward their teaching method, to develop sufficient knowledge and to use proper teaching media.        

  11. "Parece um prezinho": famílias de classes populares e o novo ensino fundamental "Parece una cuna": familias de clases populares y la nueva enseñanza fundamental "It looks like a kindergarten": low-income families and the new elementary teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Silvia Pinto de Moura Librandi da Rocha

    2010-09-01

    ándose la poca frecuencia de estas y oponiéndose a la existencia de otras actividades en el currículo, sobre todo las actividades lúdicas. Con este estudio se pretende contribuir a la reflexión sobre los desafíos a ser enfrentados en la implementación de la nueva EF, focalizando particularmente, la relación familia-escuela.This article relates to part of the results of a research developed in 8 first year classes of 5 city-funded schools, with the objective of studying the implementation of nine year Elementary Teaching (ET. Developed in 2006 - the year the new ET in the city-funded schools was adopted - the research was composed of a group of methodological procedures, the main focus of which will be semi-structured interviews with 58 relatives of six-year old students of those classes studied. The analysis of the empirical material revealed that the acceptance of the new ET by those interviewed was predominantly favorable, according to the expectation of a child's reading/writing process. Consequently, they evaluated in a positive way the reading/writing activities, criticized their low occurrence and were against other activities in the curriculum, especially games. The aim of this study is to contribute to reflections on challenges to be faced in the implementation of the new ET, focusing specifically on family-school relationships.

  12. 上海市幼儿乳牙龋病的变化趋势——同一幼儿园4年追踪调查%Trend of dental caries of deciduous teeth in Shanghai——A 4-years follow-up survey in a kindergarten

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董宏伟; 石四箴; 今井裕樹; 久保周平; 薬師寺仁

    2008-01-01

    Objectives To study the trends and characteristics of dental caries of deciduous teeth in Shanghai at the beginning of the twentigth century. Methods The caries status of children aged 2-5 were examined in the same kindergarten in Shanghai for 4 years consecutively. The prevalence of dental caries, DFT and Caries Severity Index (CSI) were calculated. The 3-year consecutive data of 140 children (54, 2 y and 86, 3 y) were analyzed and the increments of caries status were calculated annually. Results The prevalence of dental caries, DFT and CSI had no distinct change generally in the 4 years. The caries status got worse with age in every year. The analysis of the 3 years consecutive data in 140 children indicated that the caries status got worse year by year, and there was no difference in the increments of caries status among two years as a whole, as well as each age group. The increment of prevalence of dental caries of 2 y group was much higher than that of 3 y group in the first year, while there was no difference in the increments of DFT and CSI between two age groups. Conclusions The caries status in this kindergarten had no distinct change generally in 4 years. The prevalence of dental caries increased remarkably from 2 to 3 years old. It is indicated that the prevention and treatment for dental caries of deciduous teeth should be enhanced from 2-year-old kids.%目的 了解本世纪初上海市幼儿乳牙患龋状况的动向和特点.方法 以上海市区同一所幼儿园2 ~ 5岁幼儿为对象,连续4年进行龋病检查,计算患龋率、受检者龋均(DFT)和龋蚀严重度指数(CSI),并对140名(2岁54名,3岁86名)幼儿追踪3年,每隔1年观察患龋状况之增量.结果 该幼儿园幼儿乳牙的患龋率、DFT和CSI在 4年中总体无明显变化;每年的患龋状况均随年龄增长而加剧.140名同一个体幼儿组的患龋状况均呈逐年加剧,前后两次的增量间,总体和各年龄组均无明显差异;首次增量中,2

  13. The effect of a road safety educational program for kindergarten children on their parents' behavior and knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Bassat, Tamar; Avnieli, Shani

    2016-10-01

    Road safety education for children is one of the most important means for raising awareness of road safety and for educating children to behave safely as pedestrians, bicycle riders, and vehicle passengers. The current research presents a novel attempt to examine the effect of a unique road safety educational program for kindergarten children on a secondary target group-the parents. The program, named the "Zahav Bagan" program (ZBP), is presented at kindergartens once a week during the entire academic year. It is conducted by senior citizen volunteers and is part of the formal education of the children. The main purpose of the current study was to compare the behavior, awareness, and knowledge about child road safety, of two groups of parents-those whose children participated in the ZBP group, and those whose children did not; this latter group was the control group. A telephone-based survey was conducted using a sample of 76 ZBP parents and 59 control group parents. Results of the survey showed no effect of ZBP on parents' knowledge of child road safety law and recommendations, but more importantly, the results did show a significant effect in terms of parents' observance of safe behavior and in their awareness of road safety in everyday life. These results confirm the importance of educational programs on road safety, especially as triggers and reminders to children and to their parents, to act as cautious road users. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among kindergarten children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sansolios, Sanne; Brandhøj, Mia; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: The objective of the study was to test the Sapere-method as a method to develop taste awareness for fruits and vegetables among kindergarten aged children. The study aimed at linking consumption of F&V to knowledge and awareness of different senses such as taste and texture. It was also...... intended to increase the children’s courage to taste new types of F&V and consumption of F&V by putting taste into words through food exposure. Methodology: Results from the baseline study in the Periscope project on habitual dietary intake among 360 children, aged 3-6 years, in 14 different kindergartens...... included specific tastings, sense-games and baking and the children were encouraged to share and talk about the different taste experiences, the children were supported to taste the disliked F & V again. Results: The children responded positively to the taste workshop. The children’s uncertainty...

  15. Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among kindergarten children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sansolios, Sanne; Brandhøj, Mia; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: The objective of the study was to test the Sapere-method as a method to develop taste awareness for fruits and vegetables among kindergarten aged children. The study aimed at linking consumption of F&V to knowledge and awareness of different senses such as taste and texture. It was also...... intended to increase the children’s courage to taste new types of F&V and consumption of F&V by putting taste into words through food exposure. Methodology: Results from the baseline study in the Periscope project on habitual dietary intake among 360 children, aged 3-6 years, in 14 different kindergartens...... included specific tastings, sense-games and baking and the children were encouraged to share and talk about the different taste experiences, the children were supported to taste the disliked F & V again. Results: The children responded positively to the taste workshop. The children’s uncertainty...

  16. Development of environmental education in the Korean kindergarten context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Keum Ho

    Many environmental educators insist that environmental education (EE) should be started from a young age. The Korean Ministry of Education (1999) has also emphasized the importance of environmental education in early childhood by including content and objectives regarding EE in the 1999 National Curriculum of Kindergarten. However, many Korean kindergarten teachers do not sufficiently implement environmental education in their teaching practice. To address this issue, this study aimed at investigating and overcoming barriers to fully implement EE in the Korean kindergarten context. Four experienced Korean kindergarten teachers were involved in a fourteen-week critical action research project that included weekly group meetings. At these group meetings, teachers reflected on the barriers preventing the full implementation of EE in their classrooms and discussed possible environmental education actions to be attempted in the following week. These actions, individually implemented in teachers' classrooms, were reviewed at subsequent group meetings. Data from group meetings and teacher lessons were used to analyze the effectiveness of this critical action research project for developing environmental education. At the beginning stages of this study, Korean kindergarten teachers felt strongly uncomfortable participating in group communication. However, through the continuous encouragement of the researcher and with the involvement of participants who have similar educational backgrounds, age, and working experiences, participants came to actively engage in group communication. Participants in this study identified the following barriers to fully implement EE in kindergartens: insufficient understandings and awareness of EE, reluctant attitudes towards the environment, lack of educational support and resources, low parental involvement, and discomfort about going on a field trip to environments. Teachers came to understand the importance, objectives, potential topics

  17. E-Learning and Comprehensive School and Kindergarten Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Line Skov; Hansen, Ole; Guttorm Andersen, Pia

    2012-01-01

    The content of this article includes experiences and results of a comprehensive development project for schools and kindergartens in Denmark. The project includes all pedagogical professionals within the organization and contains a professional development sequence based on among other things e-learning...... where pedagogical professionals collaboratively develop their common and individual practices. The article takes a look at both the challenges and potentials that have surfaced using e-learning as part of the framework for both professional and organizational development. In addition, the article...... proposes how the experience gathered from this existing project can be used as springboard to design new professional development projects where e-learning becomes an important element of competency development for pedagogical professionals in schools and kindergartens closely related to practice....

  18. The Current Status of CLASS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Helbig, P

    2000-01-01

    Abstract: I give a brief overview of the current status of some aspects of the Cosmic Lens All-Sky Survey (CLASS): description of the survey, current list of lens systems, cosmological parameters from lensing statistics, H_0 from time delays, dark lenses, wide-separation lenses.

  19. Encouraging creative reuse of shopping carrier bags in kindergarten

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation shows how to encourage reuse of different types of shopping carrier bags in kindergarten. In the theoretical part I have introduced the concepts of creativity, divergent thinking and the meaning of reuse. I have outlined the problems concerning shopping bags and named the most common types, from which we made creative products. I outlined the motoric development in a child wherein I focused on eye-hand coordination, which is very important for a child's complete development....

  20. Comparative analysis of team work in kindergartens and schools

    OpenAIRE

    Bjelajac, Nataša

    2015-01-01

    The thesis work I determined and compared the team work in kindergarten and school. I was interested in cooperation between a preschool teacher and an assistant preschool teacher and a primary school teacher and a preschool teacher at school. The participants and members of the team directly share roles and they are equivalent to each other. However, it is necessary to emphasize their difference in knowledge, skills and abilities. They do not have the same level of competence, motivation and ...

  1. Teachers beliefs and technology use in kindergarten and elementary classrooms

    OpenAIRE

    Majedah Fawzi Abu Al Rub

    2015-01-01

    With the increased availability of technology in today’s schools, concerns arise over whether teachers are effectively incorporating technology tools into their instruction in order to advance student learning and engagement. This project was designed to examine the types of educational technology practices that kindergarten and elementary teachers in Denver, Colorado, USA, implement in their classrooms and their beliefs concerning the implementation of educational technology in their classro...

  2. Promotion of healthy life-style in kindergarten

    OpenAIRE

    KOS, Nataša

    2012-01-01

    The theoretical part of this thesis presents a programme entitled Health in Kindergarten, which aims at teaching pre-school children how to live healthy. This programme is primarily focused on preventing illnesses, since a healthy life-style can often help us avoid diseases before they develop. The programme affects the following areas: chronic non-contagious diseases (diet, physical activity), chronic contagious diseases (hygiene, infection prevention, vaccination), injuries and poisoning (s...

  3. Transition of special needs children from kindergarten to primary school

    OpenAIRE

    Purkat, Maja

    2016-01-01

    In my master's thesis, I dealt with the issue of transition of special needs children from kindergarten to school. First, I provided a general description of the term transition, and then I focused more on the period when children first enter school. I described two dominant approaches to transition of children when starting school – school readiness and transition in accordance with the ecological model. I showed why this transition to school may represent an obstacle, what may hinder the pr...

  4. Class Discovery in Galaxy Classification

    CERN Document Server

    Bazell, D; Bazell, David; Miller, David J.

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, automated, supervised classification techniques have been fruitfully applied to labeling and organizing large astronomical databases. These methods require off-line classifier training, based on labeled examples from each of the (known) object classes. In practice, only a small batch of labeled examples, hand-labeled by a human expert, may be available for training. Moreover, there may be no labeled examples for some classes present in the data, i.e. the database may contain several unknown classes. Unknown classes may be present due to 1) uncertainty in or lack of knowledge of the measurement process, 2) an inability to adequately ``survey'' a massive database to assess its content (classes), and/or 3) an incomplete scientific hypothesis. In recent work, new class discovery in mixed labeled/unlabeled data was formally posed, with a proposed solution based on mixture models. In this work we investigate this approach, propose a competing technique suitable for class discovery in neural network...

  5. Pica in under- 6 year old kindergarten children in Bushehr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    fatemeh Khosravizadegan

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pica is an eating disorder typically defined as the persistent eating of nonnutritive substances for a period of at least 1 month, without an association with an aversion to food. This behavior should be developmentally inappropriate, and not a culturally sanctioned practice. Pica is more prevalent in underdeveloped and low socioeconomic areas. In this study under 6-year old kindergarten children of Bushehr were evaluated. Methods: In a cross sectional study, 256 under 6-year old kindergarten children were evaluated in Bushehr in 2001. The necessary information regarding pica characteristics was given to the parents and teachers. The questionnaires were completed by the parents and teachers, and the suspects were assessed a second time. A more complete history and psychiatric examination was done to confirm the diagnosis of pica according to DSM IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV in these children. Results: A total of 256 children including 123 girls (48% and 133 boys (52% were evaluated. Pica was diagnosed in 67 of these children (26.2%. The most prevalent age for pica was 12-18 months (27 persons, 40.2% and 18-24 months (20 persons, 29.8%. Pica was significantly associated with sex (being a girl and positive family history. Conclusion: Pica is prevalent in kindergarten children in Bushehr. Educating parents and teachers seems to be necessary.

  6. Causal Bayes Model of Mathematical Competence in Kindergarten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Božidar Tepeš

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper authors define mathematical competences in the kindergarten. The basic objective was to measure the mathematical competences or mathematical knowledge, skills and abilities in mathematical education. Mathematical competences were grouped in the following areas: Arithmetic and Geometry. Statistical set consisted of 59 children, 65 to 85 months of age, from the Kindergarten Milan Sachs from Zagreb. The authors describe 13 variables for measuring mathematical competences. Five measuring variables were described for the geometry, and eight measuring variables for the arithmetic. Measuring variables are tasks which children solved with the evaluated results. By measuring mathematical competences the authors make causal Bayes model using free software Tetrad 5.2.1-3. Software makes many causal Bayes models and authors as experts chose the model of the mathematical competences in the kindergarten. Causal Bayes model describes five levels for mathematical competences. At the end of the modeling authors use Bayes estimator. In the results, authors describe by causal Bayes model of mathematical competences, causal effect mathematical competences or how intervention on some competences cause other competences. Authors measure mathematical competences with their expectation as random variables. When expectation of competences was greater, competences improved. Mathematical competences can be improved with intervention on causal competences. Levels of mathematical competences and the result of intervention on mathematical competences can help mathematical teachers.

  7. Kindergarten predictors of second versus eighth grade reading comprehension impairments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adlof, Suzanne M; Catts, Hugh W; Lee, Jaehoon

    2010-01-01

    Multiple studies have shown that kindergarten measures of phonological awareness and alphabet knowledge are good predictors of reading achievement in the primary grades. However, less attention has been given to the early predictors of later reading achievement. This study used a modified best-subsets variable-selection technique to examine kindergarten predictors of early versus later reading comprehension impairments. Participants included 433 children involved in a longitudinal study of language and reading development. The kindergarten test battery assessed various language skills in addition to phonological awareness, alphabet knowledge, naming speed, and nonverbal cognitive ability. Reading comprehension was assessed in second and eighth grades. Results indicated that different combinations of variables were required to optimally predict second versus eighth grade reading impairments. Although some variables effectively predicted reading impairments in both grades, their relative contributions shifted over time. These results are discussed in light of the changing nature of reading comprehension over time. Further research will help to improve the early identification of later reading disabilities.

  8. Word classes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rijkhoff, Jan

    2007-01-01

    This article provides an overview of recent literature and research on word classes, focusing in particular on typological approaches to word classification. The cross-linguistic classification of word class systems (or parts-of-speech systems) presented in this article is based on statements found...... a parts-of-speech system that includes the categories Verb, Noun, Adjective and Adverb, other languages may use only a subset of these four lexical categories. Furthermore, quite a few languages have a major word class whose members cannot be classified in terms of the categories Verb – Noun – Adjective...

  9. We are all ordinary people: perceptions of class and class differences in personal relationships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Eijk, G.

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines people’s perceptions of class and class differences—in general and with regard to personal relationships. Data from an original survey on personal networks (n=195) shows that most people think they are middle class, although many lower class respondents classify themselves as

  10. We are all ordinary people: perceptions of class and class differences in personal relationships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Eijk, G.

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines people’s perceptions of class and class differences—in general and with regard to personal relationships. Data from an original survey on personal networks (n=195) shows that most people think they are middle class, although many lower class respondents classify themselves as wor

  11. Discussion on the Function of Kindergarten Teachers in Kindergarten Curriculum%论幼儿园课程中教师的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    令狐艳丽

    2013-01-01

    In order to make a detailed inquiry into the profession's responsibility of kindergarten teacher should be discussing the function of kindergarten teachers in kindergarten curriculum. There are three main aspects:(1)the function of kindergarten teacher in generating and designing kindergarten curriculum sys-tem;(2)the function of kindergarten teacher in the specific imple-mentation of curriculum; (3)the function of kindergarten teacher in evaluating and maintaining the curriculum system.%  对幼儿教师在幼儿园课程中作用的认识旨在追问幼儿教师自身的角色自明及其职业自有的责任。对幼儿教师在幼儿园课程中的作用,主要有三方面认识:(1)在幼儿园课程体系生成和设计中的作用;(2)在课程具体实施中的作用;(3)在课程评价和维护中的作用。

  12. Mothers as informal science class teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Phyllis

    education class. Study outcomes include self-reported tendencies toward increased awareness of science teaching techniques and content, as well as pleasure, confidence, and family interactions around science. The survey amplifies these findings among a larger group. Negative cases and difficulties are discussed. This study suggests that the availability of mothers' informal science teaching/learning experience is one way to create a more pervasively supportive environment for science education. There is increased opportunity for women as adult learners, to be positive role models, and to mediate family settings. Recommendations are made for recruiting mothers as teachers and fulfilling their motivations. Informal science education theory is discussed

  13. The Kindergarten Academic and Behavior Readiness Screener: The utility of single-item teacher ratings of kindergarten readiness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stormont, Melissa; Herman, Keith C; Reinke, Wendy M; King, Kathleen R; Owens, Sarah

    2015-06-01

    The purpose of the study was to explore the effectiveness of a brief, feasible, and cost-effective universal screener for kindergarten readiness. The study examined whether teacher ratings of kindergarteners' academic, behavioral, and overall readiness at the beginning of the year were predictive of academic, emotional, and behavioral outcomes at the end of the year. Participants included 19 kindergarten teachers and their students (n = 350) from 6 urban elementary schools; all teachers were female and the majority of children were African American (74%) or White (23%). Thirty-six percent of children qualified for free or reduced lunch. Teachers completed single-item ratings of student readiness as well as full scale ratings of student prosocial skills, disruptive behaviors, and academic competence. Students also completed a standardized academic achievement test. Independent observers rated disruptive behaviors in the classroom. Readiness items had statistically significant relations with a range of academic, emotional, and behavior indicators. Hierarchical linear regression analyses found that readiness items predicted end-of-year outcomes when controlling for baseline covariates. Items also predicted higher likelihood of negative academic and behavior categorical outcomes and demonstrated classification utility. Schools need universal screening options that are feasible and easy to implement school-wide. The screening tool presented in this study offers a viable, psychometrically strong option for school teams and professionals interested in universal screening.

  14. Class size versus class composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jones, Sam

    Raising schooling quality in low-income countries is a pressing challenge. Substantial research has considered the impact of cutting class sizes on skills acquisition. Considerably less attention has been given to the extent to which peer effects, which refer to class composition, also may affect...... bias from omitted variables, the preferred IV results indicate considerable negative effects due to larger class sizes and larger numbers of overage-for-grade peers. The latter, driven by the highly prevalent practices of grade repetition and academic redshirting, should be considered an important...

  15. Immersion Classes in an English Setting: One Way for les Anglais to Learn French. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barik, Henri; And Others

    The results of the evaluation of the French immersion program at a school in a unilingual English environment are described. A battery of tests was administered to a random sample of children from the kindergarten and grade one experimental French immersion classes and to a comparison group composed of children following the regular English…

  16. THE IMPROVE SPEAKING ABILITY THROUGH EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION 5-6 YEARS OLD THROUGH ROLE PLAY IN ANAK BANGSA KINDERGARTEN CIOMAS BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triyaningsih Triyaningsih

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study is attempled to investigate about how improve the speaking ability through Role Play in Anak Bangsa Kindergarten Ciomas Bogor. Hypothesis tested are : there is different between the beginning assessment and the end assessment This study is conducted in TK Anak Bangsa,Ciomas Bogor on March until May  in the second semester 2009/2010. this study uses the Kemmis and Mc. Taggart model of action research which consist of the four stage, those are : a planning, 2 action, 3 observation, 4 reflection . the process of collecting the data is using the techigue of interview, observation, and portofolio. the data is analysed qualitatively and quantitatively. The result of the research shoe that, the learning analysis in the first cycle to the second cycle indicated that, the learning analysis in the first cycle to the second cycle indicated that, significantly theres is increasing oof the speaking ability of student which sight out by the positive respon to speaking ability performen. the quantitave data of student outcome learning is score of speaking performance with rating scale. the student more done their speakin performence ability  with higt result. The research result also concluded that 1 The Role Play can impove speaking ability for kindergarden student, 2 managing and organization the condusive class can improve the speaking ability for kindergarten student, 3 portofolio assessment system improve the speaking ability for kindergarten student, and the other result of this research is Role Play can improve the learning activity and the student outcome learning.  Keyword: kindergarten, speaking ability, assessment

  17. THE IMPROVE SPEAKING ABILITY THROUGH EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION 5-6 YEARS OLD THROUGH ROLE PLAY IN ANAK BANGSA KINDERGARTEN CIOMAS BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triyaningsih Triyaningsih

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study is attempled to investigate about how improve the speaking ability through Role Play in Anak Bangsa Kindergarten Ciomas Bogor. Hypothesis tested are : there is different between the beginning assessment and the end assessment This study is conducted in TK Anak Bangsa,Ciomas Bogor on March until May in the second semester 2009/2010. this study uses the Kemmis and Mc. Taggart model of action research which consist of the four stage, those are : a planning, 2 action, 3 observation, 4 reflection . the process of collecting the data is using the techigue of interview, observation, and portofolio. the data is analysed qualitatively and quantitatively. The result of the research shoe that, the learning analysis in the first cycle to the second cycle indicated that, the learning analysis in the first cycle to the second cycle indicated that, significantly theres is increasing oof the speaking ability of student which sight out by the positive respon to speaking ability performen. the quantitave data of student outcome learning is score of speaking performance with rating scale. the student more done their speakin performence ability with higt result. The research result also concluded that 1 The Role Play can impove speaking ability for kindergarden student, 2 managing and organization the condusive class can improve the speaking ability for kindergarten student, 3 portofolio assessment system improve the speaking ability for kindergarten student, and the other result of this research is Role Play can improve the learning activity and the student outcome learning. Keyword: kindergarten, speaking ability, assessment

  18. Child, Family, and Childcare Predictors of Delayed School Entry and Kindergarten Retention among Linguistically and Ethnically Diverse Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winsler, Adam; Hutchison, Lindsey A.; De Feyter, Jessica J.; Manfra, Louis; Bleiker, Charles; Hartman, Suzanne C.; Levitt, Jerome

    2012-01-01

    Concern about kindergarten retention is on the rise within the current climate of high-stakes testing and escalating kindergarten expectations. Kindergarten retention has been linked in previous research to various risk factors such as poverty, low maternal education, single parent status, minority status, English language learner (ELL) status,…

  19. Teaching Students What They Already Know? The (Mis)Alignment between Mathematics Instructional Content and Student Knowledge in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Mimi; Claessens, Amy; Finch, Maida A.

    2013-01-01

    Kindergarten mathematics skills are important for subsequent achievement, yet mathematics is underemphasized in kindergarten classrooms. Using nationally representative data, this study explored the relationship between students' school-entry math skills, classroom content coverage, and end-of-kindergarten math achievement. Although the vast…

  20. To Bring into Play: Miss Mary Richmond's Utilization of Kindred Networks in the Diffusion of Kindergarten Ideals into Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bethell, Kerry

    2006-01-01

    In the setting up of kindergarten systems in colonial New Zealand over the late nineteenth century, kindergarten founders such as Miss Mary Richmond in Wellington developed global links with kindergarten movements in a number of countries including England. This article examines the nature and significance of two key global interconnected networks…

  1. "Glocality" in Play: Efforts and Dilemmas in Changing the Model of the Teacher for the Norwegian National Framework for Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ødegaard, Elin Eriksen

    2016-01-01

    Norwegian society is becoming increasingly heterogeneous. In order to meet challenges and provide conditions for high quality kindergartens "The National Kindergarten Act" and the "Norwegian Framework Plan for Kindergartens" are under revision (period 2013 to 2016). A central challenge of this is how to formulate ideas that…

  2. Improving Auditory Sequencing Skills in the Kindergarten-Age Child through the Increased Instruction of Music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, Millicent Hume

    A music teacher specialist at an elementary school with a typical kindergarten music program implemented a 10-week practicum intervention designed to improve the auditory sequencing skills of kindergarten children through increased instruction in music. Test scores on screening measures indicated the need to improve the children's auditory memory…

  3. Fine Motor Skills and Executive Function Both Contribute to Kindergarten Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Claire E.; Brock, Laura L.; Murrah, William M.; Bell, Lindsay H.; Worzalla, Samantha L.; Grissmer, David; Morrison, Frederick J.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the contribution of executive function (EF) and multiple aspects of fine motor skills to achievement on 6 standardized assessments in a sample of middle-socioeconomic status kindergarteners. Three- and 4-year-olds' (n = 213) fine and gross motor skills were assessed in a home visit before kindergarten, EF was measured at fall…

  4. Tasting Words and Letting Them Hang in the Air. About Subject-Oriented Language in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Askeland, Norunn; Maagero, Eva

    2010-01-01

    In the first part of this article we will briefly point out the learning areas in the Norwegian Framework plan for contents and tasks in kindergartens from 2006, and argue that the introduction of these areas means a large potential for focusing on different kinds of subject-oriented language in kindergarten. We will present some features of…

  5. Interlaced Social Worlds: Exploring the Use of Social Media in the Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knauf, Helen

    2016-01-01

    The study presented in this article examines mediatization processes in an American kindergarten. The kindergarten is considered as a social world in which forms of communication, as well as the identities of those involved (children, teachers, parents), evolve through the use of digital technologies. The relationships between the different…

  6. Kindergarten and Primary School Children's Implicit Theories of Learning to Write

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheuer, Nora; de la Cruz, Montserrat; Pozo, Juan Ignacio; Echenique, Monica; Marquez, Maria Silvina

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies the process of learning to write from an insider perspective, by adopting the framework of implicit theories of learning. We interviewed 160 children attending kindergarten or primary education in public schools in Argentina (20 children from each of the eight grades from kindergarten to seventh grade). Main questions explored…

  7. Maternal Socialization and Kindergarten Children's Behaviors from Jordanian Mothers' and Teachers' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu Al Rub, Majedah Fawzy; Rababaeh, Ebtesam Qasim; Mustafa, Intisar Ghazy

    2017-01-01

    This study investigated whether Jordanian mothers' self-reported parenting practices were associated with their kindergarten children's prosocial or anti-social behavior based on three parental patterns: nurturance, respect, and power assertion. The participants were 95 mothers with children in the kindergarten level in Jordan. Additionally, 13…

  8. Concurrent and Predictive Validity of the Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale-II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Jennifer; Rafter, Erin M.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to establish the concurrent and predictive validity of the Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale, Second Edition (PKRS-II; L. Phelps, 2003). Seventy-four kindergarten students of diverse ethnic backgrounds enrolled in a northeastern suburban school participated in the study. The concurrent administration of the…

  9. The Development of Working Memory from Kindergarten to First Grade in Children with Different Decoding Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevo, Einat; Breznitz, Zvia

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the development of working memory ability (measured by tasks assessing all four working memory components) from the end of kindergarten to the end of first grade--the first year reading is taught in school--and the relationship between working memory abilities in kindergarten and first grade and reading skills in first…

  10. Interlaced Social Worlds: Exploring the Use of Social Media in the Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knauf, Helen

    2016-01-01

    The study presented in this article examines mediatization processes in an American kindergarten. The kindergarten is considered as a social world in which forms of communication, as well as the identities of those involved (children, teachers, parents), evolve through the use of digital technologies. The relationships between the different…

  11. Investigating the Relation between Kindergarten Preparation and Child Socio-Behavioral School Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wildenger, Leah K.; McIntyre, Laura Lee

    2012-01-01

    Research suggests that many typically developing children in the United States experience problems during the transition from preschool to kindergarten. Despite the fact that early school experiences impact educational trajectories, few empirical studies investigate the effect of kindergarten preparation variables on child outcomes. The primary…

  12. Effects of Kindergarten Retention for At-Risk Children's Mathematics Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandecandelaere, Machteld; Schmitt, Eric; Vanlaar, Gudrun; De Fraine, Bieke; Van Damme, Jan

    2015-01-01

    When a child does not seem to be ready for primary school, a popular practice is to grant the child more time by letting it repeat kindergarten. However, previous quasi-experimental research demonstrated negative, though diminishing, effects of kindergarten retention on academic learning during the first years of primary school. The present study…

  13. Reconciling Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence on the Impact of Full-Day Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbs, Chloe

    2013-01-01

    This paper addresses the question of how to interpret evidence on the impact of full-day kindergarten resulting from different study designs, and provides guidance on how this evidence taken in tandem may inform the design and implementation of full-day kindergarten policies. Incorporating both experimental and quasi-experimental estimates on…

  14. Kindergarten Readiness and Preschools: Teachers' and Parents' Beliefs within and across Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatcher, Beth; Nuner, Joyce; Paulsel, Jean

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative interview-based study compares beliefs about kindergarten readiness and about the roles of preschools in readiness among parents and preschool teachers in three early childhood programs in the northeastern and southwestern United States. Interviews focused on beliefs concerning meanings of kindergarten readiness and the role of…

  15. Necessary School Readiness Skills for Kindergarten Success According to Jordanian Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu Taleb, Tagreed Fathi

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the necessity levels of children's school readiness skills held by Jordanian kindergarten teachers. The sample consisted of 347 teachers drawn from the public and private kindergarten education sectors. The school readiness data collection instrument included seven readiness domains with a total of 39…

  16. Guys and Dolls: A Qualitative Study of Teachers' Views of Gendered Play in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, M.

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on data collected for a larger study investigating kindergarten teachers' online discussions of play, the present qualitative study examines teachers' discussions of gender. Findings suggest that teachers' project onto their kindergarten students many of their own gender prejudices about play. These teachers reinforced gendered attitudes…

  17. Requirements of High-Quality Kindergarten Programs According to Jordanian Parents: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu Taleb, Tagreed Fathi

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to explore what Jordanian parents of children attending "traditional" kindergartens recognize as high-quality education programs. The sample consisted of 509 families ("N"?=?509) of kindergarten-age children. Data were collected using a three-part questionnaire: curriculum domains, teacher…

  18. A Chrysanthemum in the Garden: A Christian Kindergarten in the Empire of Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishida, Yukiyo

    2015-01-01

    This is a study of the contribution of Christian missionaries to kindergarten education in the Empire of Japan. The study concerns an American Missionary woman, Annie L. Howe (1852-1943) and her kindergarten in Kobe, Japan. Annie L. Howe had a great impact on the history of early childhood education and is still remembered as the "Mother of…

  19. Five-Year Growth Trajectories of Kindergarten Children with Learning Difficulties in Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Wu, Qiong

    2009-01-01

    The investigators used data from the "Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort" (ECLS-K) to estimate whether and to what extent the timing and persistence of mathematics difficulties (MD) in kindergarten predicted children's first through fifth grade math growth trajectories. Results indicated that children persistently…

  20. Kindergarten Children's Perception of Animals Focusing on the Look and Fear of Animals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubiatko, Milan

    2012-01-01

    The study is focusing on the finding out the children's perceiving of animals from the view of look and fear. The additional aims were to find out the influence of gender and age on the perceiving of animals from the view of look and fear. The sample size was created by the 27 Czech kindergarten children from two kindergartens. The number of 5…

  1. Kindergarten Adjustment Difficulty: The Contribution of Children's Effortful Control and Parental Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nathanson, Lori; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Brock, Laura L.

    2009-01-01

    Research Findings: This paper examines the extent to which children's effortful control and early family experiences predict difficulty in kindergarten adjustment. One hundred and eighty-two children from 31 kindergarten classrooms in rural elementary schools in the Southeast participated. Teachers reported on children's difficulty with…

  2. Tasting Words and Letting Them Hang in the Air. About Subject-Oriented Language in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Askeland, Norunn; Maagero, Eva

    2010-01-01

    In the first part of this article we will briefly point out the learning areas in the Norwegian Framework plan for contents and tasks in kindergartens from 2006, and argue that the introduction of these areas means a large potential for focusing on different kinds of subject-oriented language in kindergarten. We will present some features of…

  3. Development and Evaluation of Game-Like Phonological Awareness Software for Kindergarteners: "JerenAli"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kartal, Günizi; Terziyan, Treysi

    2016-01-01

    The major goal of this study was to develop a game-like software application for phonological awareness training and to evaluate its role in improving phonological awareness skills at the kindergarten level, with the intention to eventually help reading acquisition in Turkish. The participants of the study came from two kindergarten classrooms in…

  4. Changing Family Routines at Kindergarten Entry Predict Biomarkers of Parental Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCaro, Jason A.; Worthman, Carol M.

    2011-01-01

    This study tested associations among parenting stress prior to a child's kindergarten entry, the sustainability of family routines, and biomarkers of stress among parents following the kindergarten transition. Parents (N = 51) with higher prekindergarten scores on the Parenting Stress Index Short Form reported lower Family Routines Inventory…

  5. Numerical Acuity Enhancement in Kindergarten: How Much Does Material Presentation Form Mean?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mascia, Maria Lidia; Fastame, Maria Chiara; Agus, Mirian; Lucangeli, Daniela; Penna, Maria Pietronilla

    2016-01-01

    The current study aimed at exploring the impact of the modality in which numerical trainings proposed in kindergarten school. Participants were recruited from some Sardinian kindergarten schools and were then divided into three groups: a control group, which had to carry out the activities planned by the educational curriculum, and two…

  6. The Stresses of a "Brave New World": Shyness and School Adjustment in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coplan, Robert J.; Arbeau, Kimberley A.

    2008-01-01

    Shy children are wary in the face of new social situations and perceived social evaluation. In this regard, the transition to kindergarten may represent a particularly challenging task for shy children. In this review, we explore the kindergarten classroom as a particularly stressful context for shy children. We examine the adjustment difficulties…

  7. Classroom Organization and Teacher Stress Predict Learning Motivation in Kindergarten Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakarinen, Eija; Kiuru, Noona; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Siekkinen, Martti; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which observed teaching practices and self-reported teacher stress predict children's learning motivation and phonological awareness in kindergarten. The pre-reading skills of 1,268 children were measured at the beginning of their kindergarten year. Their learning motivation and phonological awareness were…

  8. The Effects of Explicit Instruction on French-Speaking Kindergarteners' Understanding of Stories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesco, Diane; Devlin, Christine

    2015-01-01

    The study examines the effects of a short period of explicit instruction on the narrative comprehension of French-speaking kindergarteners, as measured by story retell and comprehension questions. A group of kindergarteners that received explicit instruction (n = 15) was compared to a control group that was exposed to the same storybooks and…

  9. "Like Sending Coals to Newcastle": Impressions from and of the Anglo-American Kindergarten Movements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nawrotzki, Kristen D.

    2007-01-01

    Developed by the German pedagogue Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852), the Kindergarten offered a revolutionary educational program for young children. In the mid-nineteenth century, after several decades of limited success in the German states, Froebel's Kindergarten began to be transplanted to other countries, including the USA and England. The…

  10. "Their Little Wooden Bricks": A History of the Material Culture of Kindergarten in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prochner, Larry

    2011-01-01

    This article explores the material culture of kindergarten in the United States in relation to the production and consumption of materials and kindergarten theory and pedagogy. The focus is on Friedrich Froebel's building gifts as they were manufactured and sold by the Milton Bradley Company from 1869 to 1939. A review of trade catalogues over the…

  11. Kindergarten Schedules: Status of Patterns in Illinois and a Review of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helmich, Edith

    Increasing numbers of parents, educators, and legislators have questioned whether half-day kindergarten schedules are adequate to prepare children for the first grade, particularly since full-day kindergartens are being offered in some public and nonpublic schools. This report, one of several background papers for a comprehensive policy study of…

  12. An Exploratory Study of a Number Sense Program to Develop Kindergarten Students' Number Proficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sood, Sheetal; Jitendra, Asha K.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of a number sense program on kindergarten students' number proficiency and responsiveness to treatment as a function of students' risk for mathematics difficulties. The program targeted development of relationships among numbers (e.g., spatial, more and less). A total of 101 kindergarten students (not at risk:…

  13. Improving Auditory Sequencing Skills in the Kindergarten-Age Child through the Increased Instruction of Music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, Millicent Hume

    A music teacher specialist at an elementary school with a typical kindergarten music program implemented a 10-week practicum intervention designed to improve the auditory sequencing skills of kindergarten children through increased instruction in music. Test scores on screening measures indicated the need to improve the children's auditory memory…

  14. Guys and Dolls: A Qualitative Study of Teachers' Views of Gendered Play in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, M.

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on data collected for a larger study investigating kindergarten teachers' online discussions of play, the present qualitative study examines teachers' discussions of gender. Findings suggest that teachers' project onto their kindergarten students many of their own gender prejudices about play. These teachers reinforced gendered attitudes…

  15. Use of the Acceptance Scale To Measure Attitudes of Kindergarten-Age Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favazza, Paddy C.; Odom, Samuel L.

    1996-01-01

    A study of 188 kindergarten children evaluated the effectiveness of the Assessment Scale for Kindergartners, which was designed to evaluate the attitudes of kindergarten children toward children with disabilities. Results found the scale provided evidence of criterion-related validity and that children who'd had contact with children with…

  16. The Development of Working Memory from Kindergarten to First Grade in Children with Different Decoding Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevo, Einat; Breznitz, Zvia

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the development of working memory ability (measured by tasks assessing all four working memory components) from the end of kindergarten to the end of first grade--the first year reading is taught in school--and the relationship between working memory abilities in kindergarten and first grade and reading skills in first…

  17. An Activity-Based Language Intervention Program for Kindergarten Children: A Retrospective Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen-Mimran, Ravit; Reznik-Nevet, Liron; Korona-Gaon, Sharon

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of a small-group intervention based on the naturalistic approach on 220 children from 3-5 years of age. All kindergarten children received weekly sessions delivered by a SLP in collaboration with the kindergarten teacher. These sessions included various book related activities. Two…

  18. Diversity among Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners: Profiles of Early Literacy Skills in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Karen L.; Cabell, Sonia Q.; Konold, Timothy R.; Invernizzi, Marcia; Gartland, Lauren B.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored heterogeneity in literacy development among 2,300 Hispanic children receiving English as a Second Language (ESL) services at the start of kindergarten. Two research questions guided this work: (1) Do Spanish-speaking English language learners receiving ESL services in the fall of kindergarten demonstrate homogeneous early…

  19. Preschool Teachers' Approaches to Science: A Comparison of a Chinese and a Norwegian Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammer, Anne Synnøve Ekrene; He, Min

    2016-01-01

    This comparative study examines the way in which preschool teachers support children's science learning in a Chinese and a Norwegian kindergarten. The study takes an ethnographic approach. Preschool teachers from one kindergarten in Shanghai and one in Bergen were asked to videotape educational activities that focused on science in their…

  20. The Outdoor Environment in Norwegian Kindergartens as Pedagogical Space for Toddlers' Play, Learning and Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moser, Thomas; Martinsen, Marianne T.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines some characteristics of the outdoor environment in Norwegian kindergartens. Understood as pedagogical space, outdoor conditions may enhance or restrict the youngest children's possibilities for play, learning and development. In 117 of 133 kindergartens (response rate: 87 %) participating in a longitudinal study, the heads of…

  1. The Effects of Computer Use on Creative Thinking among Kindergarten Children in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shawareb, Aseel

    2011-01-01

    The objective of the current study was to examine the effect of early computer experience, using quasi-experimental design, on creative thinking among Jordanian kindergarten children. It intended to answer two main research questions. First, does adding a computer to a kindergarten environment enhance children's creative thinking? Second, does…

  2. Applying MacKinnon's 4Ps to Foster Creative Thinking and Creative Behaviours in Kindergarten Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riga, Vassiliki; Chronopoulou, Elena

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify certain strategies and conditions that should be used by teachers in kindergarten so as to foster creative thinking and creative behaviours to children. We used a quasi-experimental research design for 6 months in a public kindergarten in a suburban area of Greece, and we developed a creative music and…

  3. The Stresses of a "Brave New World": Shyness and School Adjustment in Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coplan, Robert J.; Arbeau, Kimberley A.

    2008-01-01

    Shy children are wary in the face of new social situations and perceived social evaluation. In this regard, the transition to kindergarten may represent a particularly challenging task for shy children. In this review, we explore the kindergarten classroom as a particularly stressful context for shy children. We examine the adjustment difficulties…

  4. Using Survival Analysis to Describe Developmental Achievements of Early Intervention Recipients at Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarborough, Anita A.; Hebbeler, Kathleen M.; Spiker, Donna; Simeonsson, Rune J.

    2011-01-01

    Survival analysis was used to document the developmental achievements of 2298 kindergarten children who participated in the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study, a study that followed children from entry to Part C early intervention (EI) through kindergarten. Survival functions were produced depicting the percentage of children at…

  5. Teacher-Researchers Promoting Cultural Learning in an Intercultural Kindergarten in "Aotearoa" New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Joy L.; Haworth, Penelope Anne; Simmons, Heather; Schimanski, Liz; McGarva, Pam; Kennedy, Eileen

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses six teaching strategies identified by teacher-researchers as supporting their goal to improve learning and teaching for all children in the intercultural setting of a kindergarten in "Aotearoa" New Zealand. As a Centre of Innovation, the kindergarten received government funding for a 3-year action research project…

  6. Factors Related to In-Class Spiritual Experience: Relationship between Pre-Class Scripture Reading, In-Class Note-Taking, and Perceived In-Class Spiritual Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, John, III; Sweat, Anthony R.; Plummer, Kenneth

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between student in-class note-taking and pre-class reading with perceived in-class spiritual and religious outcomes. This study surveyed 620 students enrolled in six different sections of an introductory religion course at a private religious university. Full-time religious faculty members…

  7. How Kindergarten Students Connect and Critically Respond to Themes of Social Class in Children's Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labadie, Meredith; Pole, Kathryn; Rogers, Rebecca

    2013-01-01

    This study examines how critical literacy read-alouds can be facilitated in an early childhood setting. More specifically, it describes how books allow young children to connect with experiences that help them identify and challenge inequality and envision social change. A classroom teacher and two university-based researchers collaborated to…

  8. Classroom contexts: connections between class size and within class grouping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blatchford, P; Baines, E; Kutnick, P; Martin, C

    2001-06-01

    There has been a vigorous debate for many years about the educational effects of class size differences, but even if differences have an impact on pupils' academic progress this still leaves unanswered important questions about what mediates the effect. This paper is informed by a classroom contextual perspective, and examines associations between class size and within class groupings (in terms of size and number of groups, adult presence in groups, and type of interaction between grouping members). Age differences in these relationships are also explored. The quantitative study is based on analysis of 3157 groupings, from 672 Reception, Year 2 and Year 5 classes in 331 schools. The qualitative study was based on 12 classes in 8 case study schools, and questionnaire responses completed by over 100 class teachers. Links between size of class and within class groupings were examined on the basis of a 'grouping mapping survey', in which teachers at a given time in the school day provided information on group size and number, adult presence, and type of interaction between pupils, and complementary qualitative analyses of data from teacher-completed questionnaires, and interviews. The number of groups in a class increased with the size of the class. Over all three year groups, small classes had on average just over three groups, while large classes approached six groups. The size of groups in the class decreased with size of class. In class sizes over 25, pupils were more likely to be in a large group of 7-10, while in classes under 25 they were more likely to be in whole class groupings. Qualitative analyses showed that teachers felt that groups of 7-10 pupils had negative educational effects, for example, in terms of the quality and quantity of teaching and children's concentration and contribution in groups. Results suggest that the effects of class size can be best seen as through the size and number of groups, which will then have implications for learning

  9. 海口市幼儿教师主观幸福感及职业倦怠状况的调查研究%A Research of the Subjective Well-Being and Job Burnout of the Kindergarten Teachers in the City of Haikou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄灿; 张媛媛; 田景正

    2015-01-01

    Selecting 465 kindergarten teachers in 24 kindergartens of Haikou as the survey targets and adopt-ing the research method of questionnaire survey on the subjective well-being and job burnout of the kinder-garten teachers in the Haikou city, this paper reaches the conclusion as the followings:the kindergarten teach-ers in the Haikou city embrace well-being in a relatively high level, meanwhile they are also observed to the trend of job burnout in a certain level. Negative correlation obviously tempts to be existed between the subjec-tive Well-Being and job burnout of the kindergarten teachers in the Haikou city. Furthermore, the job burnout can predicate the subjective well-being.%采取问卷调查的方法,随机抽取海口市24所幼儿园465名幼儿教师就其主观幸福感及职业倦怠状况进行调查研究。研究结果显示:海口市幼儿教师主观幸福感良好,但呈现一定的职业倦怠倾向。海口市幼儿教师主观幸福感与职业倦怠呈负相关,且职业倦怠能预测其主观幸福感。

  10. Action of the disaster prevention education that incorporated the needs of the kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, N.

    2016-12-01

    We have performed the practical educations for the earthquake disaster prevention childcare at various kindergartens and nurseries in Japan. Based on these activities, we are going to report the disaster prevention education at the kindergarten of Wakayama city, Japan, and the questionnaire findings after the practice. The city is the one of the area where the outbreak of the large-scale disaster caused by the strong ground motion and the tsunami are driven apprehensive in the near future. Therefore, to grasp the situation around of the kindergarten for disaster mitigation is an aim of this study. Based on the practice result of the disaster prevention childcare in such a kindergarten, we are going to improve the earthquake disaster mitigation education for the infants. This study was supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), No. 25350206. We special thank the all person concerned with kindergartens and nurseries in this study.

  11. Scaffolding the "Scaffolding" Metaphor: From Inspiration to a Practical Tool for Kindergarten Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eshach, Haim; Dor-Ziderman, Yair; Arbel, Yael

    2011-10-01

    The present research aims shifting `scaffolding' from an inspiring metaphor to a practical tool to be used by kindergarten teachers when conducting scientific activities. It identifies scaffolding strategies that three experienced kindergarten teachers, ones acknowledged as excelling in science teaching, implicitly used when conducting science activities. For this end 20 whole-day observations were recorded in each of the three kindergartens and transcribed verbatim. The scaffolding strategies were identified through an inductive analysis performed on the observations and through the relevant literature. The strategies yielded from the analysis were grouped into affective and cognitive domains, each divided into categories and subcategories. The complete set of identified strategies was termed the scaffolding scheme. The scaffolding scheme can assist kindergarten and primary school teachers, as well as researchers, in analyzing scientific activities conducted in the kindergarten and judging how efficient the employed strategies are, what strategies to eliminate, and what other strategies might be needed.

  12. Direct observations of active school transportation and stroller use in kindergarten children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Rothman

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Little is known about kindergarten students' active school transportation (AST and stroller/wagon use as sedentary travel devices. The primary objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence of kindergarten children arriving to school by active and sedentary modes, including strollers, in Toronto elementary schools and compare to students in kindergarten to grade 6 (K–6. The secondary objective was to examine factors associated with AST in kindergarten and K–6 students. School travel mode was counted using direct observations at elementary schools in the City of Toronto in 2015. Two samples were observed: 1 Kindergarten sample: a random sample of schools with separate kindergarten entrances (n = 26 schools, 1069 children; 2 Kindergarten to grade 6 sample: observations were conducted at arrival locations at 50% of eligible elementary schools for students of all ages (n = 88 schools, 17,224 children. Proportions arriving by different travel modes were compared using Chi-square analysis. Negative binomial regression was conducted to examine the association between school characteristics and AST. AST was lower in the kindergarten compared to the K–6 sample (60% versus 74%, χ2 = 91.37, p < 0.001. The predominant sedentary mode for kindergarten students was by vehicle (38%, with <2% using strollers/wagons. Recent immigrant status was related to higher AST in kindergarten students; higher social disadvantage, crossing guards, school population and collision rates were related to higher AST in the K–6 sample. Factors influencing AST in young students require further investigation to influence the development of healthy active lifestyles at an early age.

  13. Nutritional status of preschool children attending kindergartens in Kosovo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rysha, Agim; Gjergji, Tahire M; Ploeger, Angelika

    2017-06-02

    There is very limited data on malnutrition of preschool children in Kosovo. The main objective of the study is to provide a nutritional status profile of preschool children attending kindergartens in Kosovo. Cross-sectional study of children aged 12-59 months (n = 352 children) and children aged 60-83 months (n = 134) enrolled in public and private kindergartens of Kosovo. Anthropometric measurements used for this study are weight and height of the preschoolers (12-83 months). A measuring board was used for measuring the length/height of children younger than 2 years, while digital weight and height scale Seca 763 was used for measuring of preschool children taller than 110 and Seca 213 was used for measuring the height for children who were shorter than 110 cm. Statistical analyses of underweight and overweight trends across sex and age groups as well as between children from public and private kindergartens were carried out. Qualitative variables were tested with a chi-square test. The differences between groups were assessed with a Student t test for normally distributed variables and a Mann-Whitney test for abnormally distributed numerical variables. The mean z-scores for weight-for-age, height-for-age, weight-for-height, and BMI-for-age largely fell within 0.0 and 1.0. The percentage of stunted children is 3%, whereas child wasting is 1.9%. The overall percentage of obese children is 2.3%; furthermore, 8.9% are overweight and 27.3% have a possible risk of being overweight. The incidence of children underweight is slightly decreasing. The prevalence of overweight and obese children in sample chosen is evident.

  14. Prevalence of dysfunction in sensory integration in kindergarten children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sem S. Surja

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background Children with dysfunction in sensory integration (DSI have difficulty effectively and efficiently interacting with their environment. It has been estimated that 5 to 10% of children without disabilities have DSI. Late assessment and intervention in children with this problem may significantly impact further development. To date, there is no available data on DSI prevalence in Indonesian children, which is crucial for better understanding of the DSI burden in the community. Objective To estimate the prevalence of DSI in North Jakarta children using standardized screening tools. Methods Parents of kindergarten children from two private schools in North Jakarta were given questionnaire packets including the Family Information Questionnaire and Winnie Dunn’s Short Sensory Profile (SSP to assess demographic data and parents’ perceptions of their children with regards to DSI. Results Of 264 questionnaire packets distributed, 117 packets were returned (44.3%. Most children were of Chinese ethnicity and aged 3 to 5 years. Of the 117 children, 49 children (41.9% met the criteria for DSI (definite difference, 33 children (28.2% were in the probable difference category for DSI, and 35 children (29.9% were in the category of typical performance. The scores for the parameters of under-responsive and visual/auditory sensitivity were the most commonly observed in subjects in the definite difference category. From all questionnaire packets, a total of 18.56% of children in selected kindergartens in North Jakarta met the screening criteria for DSI, while an additional 12.5% were likely to have the disorder. Conclusion Based on parental reports, we find that 18.56% of children from two private kindergartens in North Jakarta had DSI, while an additional 12.5% are likely to have the disorder. [Paediatr Indones. 2013;53:223-7.].

  15. Lead in Drinking Water in Slovenian Kindergartens and Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bitenc K.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the work is to determine how high are the concentrations of lead in drinking water in older Slovenian kindergartens and primary schools and to demonstrate that lead can also migrate from newer materials used for the construction of water distribution networks. To determine the concentrations of lead in drinking water, it is needed to take 250 ml of drinking water that stood in the pipes from 8 to 18hours. It is also applied a method for determining the migration from different materials. An old lead pipe is utilized, as well as new materials (PEX-Al-PEX, copper, galvanized pipes and stainless steel pipes. Sampling showed that 6 samples of 39 had levels of lead higher than 10 µg/l, two of them highly exceeded that level. Negative correlation between the level of pH and concentration of lead in drinking water is moderate. Implementation of lead migration from various types of pipes demonstrated the migration from galvanized pipes in all simulants. Furthermore, the migration of lead from galvanized pipes is dependent on water temperature. The migration was confirmed from the lead pipe as expected. Study points to a problem with elevated concentrations of lead in drinking water faced by older kindergartens and primary schools in Slovenia. All concentrations of lead after flushing the pipes were below the 10 µg/l, which shows that the most effective action to lower the concentrations of lead is flushing the water pipes. For the purposes of national monitoring of drinking water is necessary to apply a better method for determining lead levels in drinking water namely the sampling of water that stood in the pipes at least 8 to 18 hours. This study has demonstrated the migration of lead from galvanized pipes. This material is also installed in 54 % of kindergartens and primary schools that participated in the study.

  16. Physical activity and play in kindergarten age children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caroli, Margherita; Malecka-Tendera, Ewa; Epifani, Susi

    2011-01-01

    PERISCOPE project assesses factors promoting or preventing obesity development in early age. A specifi c aim is to assess preschool children ’ s physical activity habits in three different European countries. PERISCOPE has been implemented in 1094 children attending kindergartens in Denmark, Italy...... and Poland. The parents ’ and children ’ s physical activity habits and attitudes assessed by a questionnaire fi lled by the parents. Overweight and obesity assessed by Cole ’ s BMI cut-off points. Statistical analysis performed by χ^2 test and the test of proportion. Denmark shows the lowest rate (14...

  17. Geochemistry of topsoil in kindergarten playgrounds in Zagreb, Croatia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šparica Miko, M.; Miko, S.; Hasan, O.; Mesić, S.; Bukovec, D.; Hruškova, M.

    2009-04-01

    Geochemical mapping based on analysis of urban topsoil (0-5 cm) and deeper soil horizons (40-50 cm) in kindergarten playgrounds has been carried out in Zagreb. In two geochemical studies performed by sampling on a regular grids (1x1 km2) it was determined that the soils in the Old Town and industrial area have elevated concentrations of heavy metals (Pb, Hg, Zn). The high soil heavy metal concentrations are decreasing toward the outer parts of the city, similar to patterns observed in many other cities in Europe. Since the youngest children are exposed to topsoil in playgrounds, an evaluation of heavy metal pollution for 150 kindergarten and 50 public playground topsoil was made. During the study aqua regia (ISO 11464) soil extracts were analyzed for 42 major and trace elements. Urban soil pollution in each city is specific depending on pollution sources and the geochemical signature of the local lithology. Based on the calculated enrichment factors for heavy metals and the regional geochemical baseline values for northwestern Croatia the following elements were found in concentrations that can be attributed to pollution: Pb, Hg, Zn, Cu. Also elevated concentrations Sb, Ag, Zn and Cd at some of the locations indicate anthropogenic influences. Other elements considered as potentially toxic (As, Cr, Ni, Co, Mo, Tl) have concentrations within the established regional soil baselines and can be considered as lithogenic. Guidance values for heavy metals in soils for kindergarten playground soils have not been established in Croatia so the quality criteria for soils in playgrounds of Norwegian Institute of Public Health were used as well as calculated enrichment factors were used to evaluate the degree of soil pollution. It was determined that based on the composite soil data 21 locations should be assessed with follow up studies to determine the need for remediation. In Zagreb, only 5 of the 64 kindergartens sampled had an elevated dust lead level. Paint chips taken from

  18. Energy education resources: Kindergarten through 12th grade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    Energy Education Resources: Kindergarten Through 12th Grade is published by the National Energy Information Center (NEIC) a service of the Energy Information Administration (EIA), to provide students, educators, and other information users, a list of generally available free or low-cost energy-related educational materials. Each entry includes the address, telephone number, and description of the organization and the energy-related materials available. Most of the entries also include Internet (Web) and electronic mail (E-Mail) addresses. Each entry is followed by a number, which is referenced in the subject index in the back of this book.

  19. 充分利用协同教育平台促进家园互动教育机制的研究实验报告%Report on Promotion Family-Kindergarten Cooperation Education Mechanism Using Coordination Education Platform Fully

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宏彬; 胡卫萍

    2011-01-01

    《充分利用协同教育平台促进家园互动教育机制的研究》是我园历时三年的研究课题。实验以全园500余名孩子及其家长为对象,采用行动研究、对比观察、个案分析、调查等方法,利用互联网以及通讯技术,开展多种家园活动,构建了以阳光家校通、校园网、班级QQ群为主体的新型家园共育渠道,实现了有效的家园互动,促进了幼儿身心健康和谐发展,同时也打造了一支高素质科研型的现代教师队伍,实现了幼儿园的跨越式发展。%Promotion Family-Kindergarten Cooperation Education Mechanism Using Coordination Education Platform Fully is a research problem of our kindergarten last for three years.The experiment investigates more than 500 children in the kindergarten and their parents,adopting methods like action research,paired observation and case analysis,making use of internet and other communications technologies,developing kinds of family-kindergarten activities,constructing a new type family-kindergarten co-nurture channel with the main means of sunshine family-school communication,school net and class QQ group,realizing an effective interactions between families and kindergartens,promoting physical and psychological harmonious development of children.Meanwhile,it builds up a modern staff with high research quality to promote the leaping development of kindergartens.

  20. Class size versus class composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jones, Sam

    Raising schooling quality in low-income countries is a pressing challenge. Substantial research has considered the impact of cutting class sizes on skills acquisition. Considerably less attention has been given to the extent to which peer effects, which refer to class composition, also may affect...... outcomes. This study uses new microdata from East Africa, incorporating test score data for over 250,000 children, to compare the likely efficacy of these two types of interventions. Endogeneity bias is addressed via fixed effects and instrumental variables techniques. Although these may not fully mitigate...