WorldWideScience

Sample records for survey 2-year college

  1. 2-Year Colleges Step Up Lobbying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evelyn, Jamilah

    2001-01-01

    Describes how increased lobbying by community colleges is yielding payoffs in state legislatures and Congress and significantly more federal earmarks. Discusses how increased financial support may also be due to community colleges' responsiveness to states' economic needs. (EV)

  2. State Budgets Are Likely to Squeeze 2-Year Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selingo, Jeffrey J.

    2008-01-01

    Community colleges in nearly half of the states will probably face midyear reductions in their appropriations, according to a survey of members of the National Council of State Directors of Community Colleges. The study paints a bleak picture of a widening fiscal crisis among state governments, which started in the most recent budget year and is…

  3. Persistence by 2-Year College Graduates to 4-Year Colleges and Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dworkin, Stephen L.

    1996-01-01

    Presents findings from a study of the relationship between the characteristics of 3,762 Connecticut 2-year college students 25 or older and their persistence to 4-year colleges. Reports that students with higher perceptions of social and institutional support and those over 35 were more likely to persist to 4-year institutions. (10 citations) (AJL)

  4. Weight and Weight-Related Behaviors among 2-Year College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanney, Marilyn S.; Lytle, Leslie A.; Farbakhsh, Kian; Moe, Stacey G.; Linde, Jennifer A.; Gardner, Jolynn K.; Laska, Melissa N.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives and Participants: The purpose of this article is to describe weight indicators and weight-related behaviors of students enrolled in 2-year colleges, including sex differences. Methods: During Fall 2011 and Spring 2012, 441 students from 3 Minnesota community colleges enrolled in the Choosing Healthy Options in College Environments and…

  5. Attitudes of College Students Enrolled in 2-Year Health Care Programs towards Online Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdulla, Dalya

    2012-01-01

    Colleges offering 2-year diplomas to high-school graduates were among the forefront leaders in online learning however studies illustrating appropriate course construction for such student populations are scarce. Pharmacy Math (MATH16532) is a core course for students enrolled in the Practical Nursing (PN) and Pharmacy Technician (PT) programs at…

  6. Generacion 1.5: A Cultural Historical Agenda for Research at the 2-Year College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salas, Spencer; Portes, Pedro R.; D'Amico, Mark M.; Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we employ a cultural historical theoretical framework to extend understandings of how widespread 2-year college placement policies concerning English remediation potentially locate and retain U.S.-educated Latino adolescents at the margins of higher education through well-intentioned yet deficit-driven postsecondary cultural…

  7. Hispanic Student Enrollment and Educational Attainment in Texas 2-Year Colleges: A Multi-Year Statewide Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Jack

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the numbers and percentages of Hispanic college students enrolled in Texas 2-year colleges from the 2000 through the 2011 academic years and to examine the numbers and percentages of Hispanic students obtaining associate degrees from Texas 2-year colleges for the 2000 through the 2011 academic…

  8. Translating a health behavior change intervention for delivery to 2-year college students: the importance of formative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linde, Jennifer A; Sevcik, Sarah M; Petrich, Christine A; Gardner, Jolynn K; Laska, Melissa N; Lozano, Paula; Lytle, Leslie A

    2014-06-01

    Young adults are at risk for weight gain in the transition to independent adulthood; 2-year college students are at greater risk and understudied relative to 4-year students. This project conducted formative research for a randomized controlled weight gain prevention trial among 2-year college students, to ensure appropriateness of content and delivery of a curriculum originally developed for 4-year college students. Data were collected from community college students, faculty, and staff from October 2009 to August 2011. Work included focus groups and key informant interviews, curriculum pilot testing, and social network and support website beta testing. Based on focus groups and interviews, program content, course delivery modes, and communication channels were adjusted to meet population interests and preferences. The course was delivered successfully in pilot testing, and the website was received well by beta testers. Formative work successfully guided program adaptations to address population needs.

  9. Retrenchment Policies in Public 2-Year Community Colleges in the State of Texas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Martha; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Describes a 1993 study examining retrenchment policies at Texas community colleges and their relation to fluctuations in enrollment and state funding. Indicates that 41% of Texas's community colleges had retrenchment policies and that administrative decisions regarding the adoption of retrenchment policies were based on state revenue declines…

  10. A survey of referral patterns to a paediatric dentistry unit over a 2-year period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, A J; Nunn, J H; Welbury, R R

    1994-12-01

    Following the changes in October 1990 in the payment system for children's dental treatment within the General Dental Service in the UK there has been widespread concern that repercussions would be felt in other branches of dentistry. The aim of this survey was to investigate the referral of children for specialist care to the Department of Child Dental Health in Newcastle upon Tyne after the changes in 1990, so that consultant clinics and the provision of advice and treatment could be targeted more effectively. Information was obtained from the patients' referral letters and from their hospital records between March 1991 and March 1993. There were 513 referrals (excluding those for orthodontic treatment, extractions under general anaesthesia and acute emergencies), the number more than doubling during the 2-year survey period. 83% of these patients lived within 15 miles of the hospital. 84% of these referrals were from general dental practitioners, and the greater proportion were from those who graduated within the previous 4 years. The most common reason for referral involved behaviour problems. Changes in the payment system that occurred in 1990 may have been a contributory factor in explaining these findings.

  11. Polish Vocabulary Development in 2-Year-Olds: Comparisons With English Using the Language Development Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rescorla, Leslie; Constants, Holly; Bialecka-Pikul, Marta; Stepien-Nycz, Malgorzata; Ochal, Anna

    2017-04-14

    The objective of this study was to compare vocabulary size and composition in 2-year-olds learning Polish or English as measured by the Language Development Survey (LDS; Rescorla, 1989). Participants were 199 Polish toddlers (M = 24.14 months, SD = 0.35) and 422 U.S. toddlers (M = 24.69 months, SD = 0.78). Test-retest reliability was .92, internal consistency was .99, and concurrent validity was .55. Girls had higher vocabulary scores than boys. Mean LDS score was significantly lower in Polish than in English, and fewer Polish children had LDS scores >200 words. Also, more words were reported for <25% of the children, and fewer words were reported for ≥75% of the children, in Polish than in English. The cross-linguistic correlation for word frequencies was .44. Noun dominance was comparable in the two languages, and 55 cross-linguistic word matches were found among the top 100 words. Although more Polish than U.S. children had <50 words (18.1% vs. 8.3%), children with <50 words and those with ≥50 words were generally acquiring the same words. Vocabulary acquisition appeared to be slower in Polish than in English, probably because of the complexity of the language. However, the languages were very similar with respect to vocabulary composition findings.

  12. Photometry of Variable Stars from THU-NAOC Transient Survey I: The First 2 Years

    CERN Document Server

    Yao, Xinyu; Wang, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Tianmeng; Chen, Juncheng; Yuan, Wenlong; Mo, Jun; Li, Wenxiong; Jin, Zhiping; Wu, Xuefeng; Nie, JunDan; Zhou, Xu

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we report the detections of stellar variabilities from the first 2-year observations of sky area of about 1300 square degrees from the Tsinghua University-NAOC Transient Survey (TNTS). A total of 1237 variable stars (including 299 new ones) were detected with brightness = 0.1 mag on a timescale from a few hours to few hundred days. Among such detections, we tentatively identified 661 RR Lyrae stars, 431 binaries, 72 Semiregular pulsators, 29 Mira stars, 11 slow irregular variables, 11 RS Canum Venaticorum stars, 7 Gamma Doradus stars, 5 long period variables, 3 W Virginis stars, 3 Delta Scuti stars, 2 Anomalous Cepheids, 1 Cepheid, and 1 nove-like star based on their time-series variability index Js and their phased diagrams. Moreover, we found that 14 RR Lyrae stars show the Blazhko effect and 67 contact eclipsing binaries exhibit the O'Connell effect. Since the period and amplitude of light variations of RR Lyrae variables depend on their chemical compositions, their photometric observations ...

  13. Engaging Undergraduate Students in Space Weather Research at a 2-Year College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chantale Damas, M.

    2016-07-01

    The Queensborough Community College (QCC) of the City University of New York (CUNY), a Hispanic and minority-serving institution, has been very successful at engaging undergraduate students in space weather research for the past ten years. Recently, it received two awards* to support student research and education in solar and atmospheric physics under the umbrella discipline of space weather. Through these awards, students receive stipends during the academic year and summer to engage in research. Students also have the opportunity to complete a summer internship at NASA and other partner institutions. Funding also supports the development of course materials and tools in space weather. Educational materials development and the challenges of engaging students in research as early as their first year will be discussed. Once funding is over, how is the program sustained? Sustaining such a program, as well as how to implement it at other universities will also be discussed. *This project is supported by the National Science Foundation Geosciences Directorate under NSF Award Number DES-1446704 and the NASA MUREP Community College Curriculum Improvement (MC3I) Grant/Cooperative Agreement Number NNX15AV96A.

  14. Engaging Undergraduate Students in Space Weather Research at a 2- Year College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damas, M. C.

    2017-07-01

    The Queensborough Community College (QCC) of the City University of New York (CUNY), a Hispanic and minority-serving institution, has been very successful at engaging undergraduate students in space weather research for the past ten years. Recently, it received two awards to support student research and education in solar and atmospheric physics under the umbrella discipline of space weather. Through these awards, students receive stipends during the academic year and summer to engage in scientific research. Students also have the opportunity to complete a summer internship at NASA and at other partner institutions. Funding also supports the development of course materials and tools in space weather. Educational materials development and the challenges of engaging students in research as early as their first year will be discussed. Once funding is over, how is the program sustained? Sustaining such a program, as well as how to implement it at other universities will also be discussed.

  15. National Survey on Drug Use and Health: 2-Year R-DAS (NSDUH-2002-2003)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This file includes data from the 2002 through 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) survey. The only variables included in the data file are ones that...

  16. Efficacy Trial of a Selective Prevention Program Targeting Both Eating Disorders and Obesity among Female College Students: 1- and 2-Year Follow-Up Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stice, Eric; Rohde, Paul; Shaw, Heather; Marti, C. Nathan

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Evaluate the effects of a prevention program targeting both eating disorders and obesity at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. Method: Female college students at risk for these outcomes because of body image concerns (N = 398) were randomized to the "Healthy Weight 2" group-based 4-hr prevention program, which promotes lasting healthy…

  17. Vocational Education. Status in 2-Year Colleges in 1990-91 and Early Signs of Change. Report to Congressional Requesters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

    A random nationally generalizable sample of 563 public and private nonprofit institutions offering up to 2 years of postsecondary education (response rate, 85%) was studied to determine the status of vocational program quality before and after passage of the 1990 Perkins amendments. Data on vocational program enrollments, initial changes to…

  18. Prioritizing Student Skill Development in the Small College Literature Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalata, Kristianne

    2016-01-01

    This essay describes the successes and challenges of skills-based literature survey courses in the small liberal arts college setting of Westminster College (New Wilmington, PA). It considers the overall purpose of the survey in the skills-based English curriculum and then focuses on the integration of literary theory and creative writing as means…

  19. College of the Canyons Nursing Alumni Surveys, Spring 2001. Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meuschke, Daylene M; Dixon, P. Scott; Gribbons, Barry C.

    In the summer of 2001, College of the Canyons (California) conducted of study of registered nursing (RN) and licensed vocational nursing (LVN) alumni, as well as their employers, to assess satisfaction with the preparation and training they received through the College's nursing programs. Out of the 89 invited nursing alumni, 33 surveys were…

  20. Public Perspectives of Mobile Phones' Effects on Healthcare Quality and Medical Data Security and Privacy: A 2-Year Nationwide Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Joshua E; Ancker, Jessica S

    2015-01-01

    Given growing interest in mobile phones for health management (mHealth), we surveyed consumer perceptions of mHealth in security, privacy, and healthcare quality using national random-digit-dial telephone surveys in 2013 and 2014. In 2013, 48% thought that using a mobile phone to communicate data with a physician's electronic health record (EHR) would improve the quality of health care. By 2014, the proportion rose to 57% (p mobile phones than they were to endorse similar concerns with EHRs or health information exchange (HIE). Consumers increasingly believe that mHealth improves healthcare quality, but security and privacy concerns need to be addressed for quality improvement to be fully realized.

  1. Global Problems and College Education: A Survey of Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bybee, Rodger W.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    College students identified air quality, world hunger, and war technology as the most important of 12 global problems (presented to them during a survey) and indicated that problems will become worse by the year 2000. Implications of findings for curriculum and instruction are addressed. (JN)

  2. 1984 Survey of Bakersfield College Radiologic Technician Graduates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, David C.

    In 1984, a study was conducted to assess the success of Bakersfield College's radiologic technician program in preparing graduates for employment; to provide information for accreditation, evaluation, and long-range planning purposes; and to compare results with a 1977 survey of program graduates. Questionnaires, requesting information on…

  3. Mental Health Issues Facing a Diverse Sample of College Students: Results from the College Student Mental Health Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soet, Johanna; Sevig, Todd

    2006-01-01

    Over the past 5 years there has been increased attention given to mental health issues on college and university campuses across the country. However, few research efforts have been conducted to systematically investigate the mental health of college students. The College Student Mental Health Survey was undertaken as a first step towards gaining…

  4. 1982-83 Texas College and University Real Estate Course Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    In 1983, the Texas Real Estate Research Center conducted its eighth annual survey of the real estate offerings of the state's two- and four-year colleges. Survey findings, based on a 90% response rate, included the following: (1) 90 institutions (46 community colleges and 44 four-year colleges) offered real estate courses during the 1982-83…

  5. Fall 2001 Cabrillo College Student Survey & Comparisons with Spring 1999 Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borden, Richard; Cassada, Judy; Luan, Jing

    This survey of students at Cabrillo College contains feedback on a variety of subject matters ranging from quality of general educational courses, cultural diversity, fairness of grading and preparation for further study or for the workplace. Responses were subjected to statistical significance testing and compared with results from the 1999…

  6. A survey of energy drink consumption patterns among college students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carpenter-Aeby Tracy

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Energy drink consumption has continued to gain in popularity since the 1997 debut of Red Bull, the current leader in the energy drink market. Although energy drinks are targeted to young adult consumers, there has been little research regarding energy drink consumption patterns among college students in the United States. The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink consumption patterns among college students, prevalence and frequency of energy drink use for six situations, namely for insufficient sleep, to increase energy (in general, while studying, driving long periods of time, drinking with alcohol while partying, and to treat a hangover, and prevalence of adverse side effects and energy drink use dose effects among college energy drink users. Methods Based on the responses from a 32 member college student focus group and a field test, a 19 item survey was used to assess energy drink consumption patterns of 496 randomly surveyed college students attending a state university in the Central Atlantic region of the United States. Results Fifty one percent of participants (n = 253 reported consuming greater than one energy drink each month in an average month for the current semester (defined as energy drink user. The majority of users consumed energy drinks for insufficient sleep (67%, to increase energy (65%, and to drink with alcohol while partying (54%. The majority of users consumed one energy drink to treat most situations although using three or more was a common practice to drink with alcohol while partying (49%. Weekly jolt and crash episodes were experienced by 29% of users, 22% reported ever having headaches, and 19% heart palpitations from consuming energy drinks. There was a significant dose effect only for jolt and crash episodes. Conclusion Using energy drinks is a popular practice among college students for a variety of situations. Although for the majority of situations assessed, users consumed one

  7. Survey of Personnel Practices at Single-Campus Community College Districts in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedlander, Jack

    In May 1985, a survey was conducted by Napa Valley College (NVC) to determine the salary and personnel practices of the 48 single-campus community college districts in California and compare them with personnel practices at NVC. The survey focused on salary and benefit allocations in school budgets, estimated reserves or ending balance in 1984-85,…

  8. A Survey of Attitudes on the Use of Calculators in the College Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukowski, Joseph E.

    This study focused on faculty and student attitudes toward the use of calculators in college accounting and business mathematics courses. Two different surveys were used; one was administered to thirty-five full-time and part-time faculty in the accounting and business mathematics areas at one college, while a second survey was administered to a…

  9. Benchmarking Alumni Relations in Community Colleges: Findings from a 2015 CASE Survey. CASE White Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paradise, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    Building on the inaugural survey conducted three years prior, the 2015 CASE Community College Alumni Relations survey collected additional insightful data on staffing, structure, communications, engagement, and fundraising. This white paper features key data on alumni relations programs at community colleges across the United States. The paper…

  10. Survey of Research Resources in Colleges of Veterinary Medicine in the United States and Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, John M.

    1979-01-01

    A survey of research resources in 24 veterinary colleges in the US and Canada reports information on university-wide research facilities, college-wide research facilities, personnel, and instrumentation resources. Corporate research resource management was compared with university research resource management. The survey form is outlined.…

  11. Blood donor motivation: a survey of minority college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oswalt, R; Gordon, J

    1993-06-01

    Ninety-five percent of all blood donors are Caucasian. To investigate why minorities are under-represented as blood donors, a random sample of 120 minority college students were surveyed about attitudes and behavior regarding blood donations. This sample of minority students had donated blood at the same rate (33%) and for the same positive motivation (altruism) and negative motivations (for those who did not donate--fear, medical excuses, didn't think of it, no time) as Caucasian donors. The low rate of blood donations by minorities is not due to their membership in ethnic groups per se, but to other variables such as education and socioeconomic level. A recruitment strategy based on the results of this study is presented.

  12. Survey in the Emergency Department of Parents’ Understanding of Cough and Cold Medication Use in Children Younger Than 2 Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    children gave various drug classes including analgesics, antihistamines , antipyretics, cough suppressants, expectorants, and decongestants. One hundred...FACEP,*Þ Vikhyat S. Bebarta, MD, FACEP, FACMT,*þ Rebecca L. Pitotti, MSN, RN,§ and Toni E. Vargas, PA-C§ Objectives: In August 2007, the Food and Drug ...CCM use in children younger than 2 years. Most thought CCMs were safe and effective. KeyWords: cough and cold medications, Food and Drug

  13. College Bound: Americans' Attitudes about Paying for College. A Survey of Families with College-Bound High School Students on the Value of a College Education and Its Costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallup & Robinson, Inc. Princeton, NJ.

    This study examined several aspects of family viewpoints regarding the financing of higher education. Data were collected via a telephone survey of 800 parents of college bound high school students and 300 college bound high school juniors and seniors. The survey examined attitudes in such areas as: the relative importance of financing college…

  14. A Comparison of Community College Responders and Nonresponders to the VEDS Student Follow-Up Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carifio, James; And Others

    1991-01-01

    A survey of respondents and nonrespondents to the Vocational Education Data System's follow-up survey of Massachusetts community college graduates was designed to measure response bias. The survey investigated employment patterns, wages, and degree of job relatedness. Results suggest original data was biased, if at all, toward underestimation, not…

  15. College Student Responses to Web and Paper Surveys: Does Mode Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carini, Robert M.; Hayek, John C.; Kuh, George D.; Kennedy, John M.; Ouimet, Judith A.

    2003-01-01

    Examined the responses of 58,288 college students to 8 scales involving 53 items from the National Survey of Student Engagement to gauge whether individuals respond differently to surveys administered via the Web and paper. Found that mode effects were generally small; however, students who completed the Web-based survey responded more favorably…

  16. Rancho Santiago College Climate Survey Report. Research, Planning and Resource Development Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slark, Julie; And Others

    In February 1990, a study was conducted by the Rancho Santiago College (RSC) Research Committee and Planning Council to assess institutional effectiveness, using college climate as one correlate of RSC's success. A staff morale survey instrument, distributed to all full- and part-time faculty and staff, yielded an overall response rate of 36%, and…

  17. Rancho Santiago College Graduate Student Survey. Research, Planning, Resource Development Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Nga

    In spring 1991, a survey was sent to all 937 1989-90 Associate in Arts/Science (AA/AS) graduate and certificate recipients of Rancho Santiago College (RSC) to identify their current activities and to obtain their opinions about the college experience at RSC. Study findings were based on 374 usable responses, 81% from AA/AS degree recipients and…

  18. Results of the Fall 1984 Survey of Napa Valley College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedlander, Jack; Gocke, Sharon

    In November 1984, a study was conducted at Napa Valley College (NVC) to assess student satisfaction with the college's programs and services. An in-class survey was completed by 835 day and evening students enrolled in credit classes during the fall 1984 semester. Study findings included the following: (1) most students were attending NVC to…

  19. Austin Community College Management Response to Employee Satisfaction Survey, Spring 2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin Community Coll., TX.

    Findings from an Employee Satisfaction Survey conducted in spring 2000 at Austin Community College (ACC) (Texas) indicate that: (1) staff in many areas need customer service training; (2) telephones are not used effectively by many offices; (3) many areas are not able to respond quickly to the needs of college staff; and (4) 18 highly used areas…

  20. Benchmarking Alumni Relations in Community Colleges: Findings from a 2012 CASE Survey. CASE White Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paradise, Andrew; Heaton, Paul

    2013-01-01

    In 2011, CASE founded the Center for Community College Advancement to provide training and resources to help community colleges build and sustain effective fundraising, alumni relations and communications and marketing programs. This white paper summarizes the results of a groundbreaking survey on alumni relations programs at community colleges…

  1. Factored Scales for the Personal Health Survey with Schizophrenics, Alcoholics, Felons, Unmarried Mothers, and College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pishkin, Vladimir; Thorne, Frederick C.

    1978-01-01

    Employed the Personal Health Survey (PHS) to study patterns of symptomology related to physical and mental health in a population of 730 Ss, which consisted of five groups: felons, hospitalized alcoholics, unmarried mothers, college students and institutionalized schizophrenics. (Editor)

  2. Longitudinal ocular survey of 202 Filipino patients with multi-bacillary (MB) leprosy treated with 2 year WHO-multiple drug therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravanes, Jesus M; Cellona, Roland V; Balagon, Marivic; Abalos, Rodolfo M; Walsh, Gerald P; Walsh, Douglas S

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the ocular conditions in multibacillary (MB) leprosy patients treated with 2 year WHO multiple drug therapy (MDT), consisting of dapsone, clofazimine and rifampin, a regimen expected to reduce ocular complications of leprosy. We conducted comprehensive eye examinations in 202 Filipino MB leprosy patients before, during, and after WHO 2 year MDT. Assessments were carried out for at least 5 years. Inflammatory "lepra" reactions occurred in 62% (reversal reaction, 52%; erythema nodosum leprosum, 10%); most were mild. Eye abnormalities consisted mostly of diminished corneal sensitivity before MDT (6%) and lagopthalmos (n = 7, 3.4%). Six of 7 lagopthalmos cases occurred in a subset of 132 patients with facial patches (5%). Visual acuity scores, intra-ocular pressures and pupil cycle times were unremarkable. Bacillary invasion, keratitis, episcleritis, iridocyclitis, ectropion, synechiae, glaucoma and cataract formation were not detected. Scleral clofazimine pigmentation was frequent, resolving in most within 3 years of treatment cessation. Facial patches at presentation may denote a higher risk for lagopthalmos. We propose the generally low rates of ocular problems reflected mild lepra reactions, due to anti-inflammatory properties of clofazimine, a relatively young cohort, and a readily accessible community-based clinic permitting earlier diagnosis and prompt treatment.

  3. Collegiate Aviation and the Community College: A Survey of Post-September 11 Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bliss, Timm J.; Kutz, Mary N.

    2008-01-01

    Undoubtedly, the aviation industry has experienced turbulent times recently and may face significant restructuring in the next few years. Especially noteworthy has been the impact on collegiate flight programs, particularly those 2-year programs offered by community colleges that often bridge the gap in financial aid and flexible class schedules…

  4. Collegiate Aviation and the Community College: A Survey of Post-September 11 Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bliss, Timm J.; Kutz, Mary N.

    2008-01-01

    Undoubtedly, the aviation industry has experienced turbulent times recently and may face significant restructuring in the next few years. Especially noteworthy has been the impact on collegiate flight programs, particularly those 2-year programs offered by community colleges that often bridge the gap in financial aid and flexible class schedules…

  5. Information Behavior of Community College Students: A Survey of Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fry, Leanna

    2009-01-01

    A literature review of articles discussing the information behavior of community college students finds that most of the literature focuses on what libraries and librarians can do to teach community college students information literacy. The articles discuss learning communities, bibliographic instruction, and information technology. Although…

  6. Survey Finds Mismatch in Student Achievement and Parents' College Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Peter

    2008-01-01

    The Education Department released a report last week, "Parent Expectations and Planning for College," that offers new insights into the factors influencing whether parents expect their children to enroll at four-year colleges. It suggests that many young people who could succeed at such institutions are not being encouraged by their families or…

  7. Why Don't Our Students Respond? Understanding Declining Participation in Survey Research among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschepikow, William K.

    2012-01-01

    Declining response rates among college students threaten the effectiveness of survey research at institutions of higher education. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the conditions that promote participation in survey research among this population. The researcher identified three themes through this study. First, participants…

  8. Why Don't Our Students Respond? Understanding Declining Participation in Survey Research among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschepikow, William K.

    2012-01-01

    Declining response rates among college students threaten the effectiveness of survey research at institutions of higher education. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the conditions that promote participation in survey research among this population. The researcher identified three themes through this study. First, participants…

  9. Results of the Fall 1984 Survey of Napa Valley College Administrators, Classified Staff, and Faculty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedlander, Jack; Gocke, Sharon

    In November 1984, all administrators, classified staff, and faculty at Napa Valley College (NVC) were surveyed concerning a wide range of topics related to working at the institution. The survey, which was completed by 17 administrators (71%), 60 classified staff members (42%), 71 full-time faculty members (63%), and 79 part-time faculty members…

  10. A Survey of Caffeine Use and Associated Side Effects in a College Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson-Greene, Douglas; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Surveyed 270 college students concerning their caffeine consumption. Results suggest there is identifiable group using excessive amounts of caffeine. Identified several deleterious effects possibly related to caffeine use. Approximately 75 percent of caffeine users surveyed rarely sought information on caffeine content of products or avoided…

  11. The MetLife Survey of the American Teacher: Preparing Students for College and Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    MetLife, Inc., 2011

    2011-01-01

    "The MetLife Survey of the American Teacher: Preparing Students for College and Careers" was conducted by Harris Interactive and is the twenty-seventh in a series sponsored annually by MetLife since 1984 to give voice to those closest to the classroom. This MetLife Survey examines the priority that all students graduate from high school prepared…

  12. Oral Contraception: A Survey of College Women's Concerns and Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawyer, Robin G.; Beck, Kenneth H.

    1989-01-01

    Results are reported from a study which examined attitudes, experiences, and concerns of college women (N=237) regarding oral contraception. Implications of the findings for health educators are discussed. (IAH)

  13. Scaling up family medicine training in Gezira, Sudan – a 2-year in-service master programme using modern information and communication technology: a survey study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background In 2010 the Gezira Family Medicine Project (GFMP) was initiated in Gezira state, Sudan, designed as an in-service training model. The project is a collaboration project between the University of Gezira, which aims to provide a 2-year master’s programme in family medicine for practicing doctors, and the Ministry of Health, which facilitates service provision and funds the training programme. This paper presents the programme, the teaching environment, and the first batch of candidates enrolled. Methods In this study a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect baseline data at the start of the project from doctors who joined the programme. A checklist was also used to assess the health centres where they work. A total of 188 out of 207 doctors responded (91%), while data were gathered from all 158 health centres (100%) staffed by the programme candidates. Results The Gezira model of in-service family medicine training has succeeded in recruiting 207 candidates in its first batch, providing health services in 158 centres, of which 84 had never been served by a doctor before. The curriculum is community oriented. The mean age of doctors was 32.5 years, 57% were males, and 32% were graduates from the University of Gezira. Respondents stated high confidence in practicing some skills such as asthma management and post-abortion uterine evacuation. They were least confident in other skills such as managing depression or inserting an intrauterine device. The majority of health centres was poorly equipped for management of noncommunicable diseases, as only 10% had an electrocardiography machine (ECG), 5% had spirometer, and 1% had a defibrillator. Conclusions The Gezira model has responded to local health system needs. Use of modern information and communication technology is used to facilitate both health service provision and training. The GFMP represents an example of a large-volume scaling-up programme of family medicine in Africa. PMID:24443978

  14. Polydrug use among college students in Brazil: a nationwide survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcio Garcia de Oliveira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To estimate the frequency of polydrug use (alcohol and illicit drugs among college students and its associations with gender and age group. Methods: A nationwide sample of 12,544 college students was asked to complete a questionnaire on their use of drugs according to three time parameters (lifetime, past 12 months, and last 30 days. The co-use of drugs was investigated as concurrent polydrug use (CPU and simultaneous polydrug use (SPU, a subcategory of CPU that involves the use of drugs at the same time or in close temporal proximity. Results: Almost 26% of college students reported having engaged in CPU in the past 12 months. Among these students, 37% had engaged in SPU. In the past 30 days, 17% college students had engaged in CPU. Among these, 35% had engaged in SPU. Marijuana was the illicit drug mostly frequently used with alcohol (either as CPU or SPU, especially among males. Among females, the most commonly reported combination was alcohol and prescribed medications. Conclusions: A high proportion of Brazilian college students may be engaging in polydrug use. College administrators should keep themselves informed to be able to identify such use and to develop educational interventions to prevent such behavior.

  15. Comparing Sexual Assult Survey Prevalence Rates at Military Service Academies and U.S. Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-15

    donors and influencers ( parents , guardians, etc.) in the way other IHEs do. MSAs are military run, and the students are members of the military, having...December 15, 2015 SURVEY NOTE Note No. 2015-17 1 Comparing Sexual Assault Survey Prevalence Rates at Military Service Academies and U.S...Colleges Executive Summary The Association of American Universities (AAU) Campus Survey of Sexual Assault and Sexual Misconduct was designed to assess the

  16. How Important Are High Response Rates for College Surveys?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fosnacht, Kevin; Sarraf, Shimon; Howe, Elijah; Peck, Leah K.

    2017-01-01

    Surveys play an important role in understanding the higher education landscape. About 60 percent of the published research in major higher education journals utilized survey data (Pike, 2007). Institutions also commonly use surveys to assess student outcomes and evaluate programs, instructors, and even cafeteria food. However, declining survey…

  17. How Important Are High Response Rates for College Surveys?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fosnacht, Kevin; Sarraf, Shimon; Howe, Elijah; Peck, Leah K.

    2017-01-01

    Surveys play an important role in understanding the higher education landscape. About 60 percent of the published research in major higher education journals utilized survey data (Pike, 2007). Institutions also commonly use surveys to assess student outcomes and evaluate programs, instructors, and even cafeteria food. However, declining survey…

  18. Mental disorders among college students in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auerbach, Randy P.; Alonso, Jordi; Axinn, William G.; Cuijpers, Pim; Ebert, David D.; Green, Jennifer Greif; Hwang, Irving; Kessler, Ronald C.; Liu, Howard; Mortier, Philippe; Nock, Matthew K.; Pinder-Amaker, Stephanie; Sampson, Nancy A.; Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio; Al-Hamzawi, Ali; Andrade, Laura H.; Benjet, Corina; Caldas-de-Almeida, José Miguel; Demyttenaere, Koen; Florescu, Silvia; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Gureje, Oye; Haro, Josep Maria; Karam, Elie G.; Kiejna, Andrzej; Kovess-Masfety, Viviane; Lee, Sing; McGrath, John J.; O’Neill, Siobhan; Pennell, Beth-Ellen; Scott, Kate; ten Have, Margreet; Torres, Yolanda; Zaslavsky, Alan M.; Zarkov, Zahari; Bruffaerts, Ronny

    2016-01-01

    Background Although mental disorders are significant predictors of educational attainment throughout the entire educational career, most research on mental disorders among students has focused on the primary and secondary school years. Methods The World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys were used to examine the associations of mental disorders with college entry and attrition by comparing college students (n = 1,572) and nonstudents in the same age range (18–22; n = 4,178), including nonstudents who recently left college without graduating (n = 702) based on surveys in 21 countries (4 low/lower-middle income, 5 upper middle-income, 1 lower-middle or upper-middle at the times of two different surveys, and 11 high income). Lifetime and 12-month prevalence and age-of-onset of DSM-IV anxiety, mood, behavioural and substance disorders were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Results One-fifth (20.3%) of college students had 12-month DSM-IV/CIDI disorders. 83.1% of these cases had pre-matriculation onsets. Disorders with pre-matriculation onsets were more important than those with post-matriculation onsets in predicting subsequent college attrition, with substance disorders and, among women, major depression the most important such disorders. Only 16.4% of students with 12-month disorders received any 12-month healthcare treatment for their mental disorders. Conclusions Mental disorders are common among college students, have onsets that mostly occur prior to college entry, in the case of pre-matriculation disorders are associated with college attrition, and are typically untreated. Detection and effective treatment of these disorders early in the college career might reduce attrition and improve educational and psychosocial functioning. PMID:27484622

  19. College Student Entrepreneurship in China: Results from a National Survey of Directors of Career Services in Chinese Higher Education Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, You; Zhu, Feifei; Ding, Xiaohao

    2017-01-01

    As the number of college graduates increases dramatically in recent years in China, the Chinese Central government encourages college graduates to partake in entrepreneurial activities. The current study uses data from a nationwide institutional survey of directors of career services of 840 Chinese colleges and universities to study the current…

  20. Assessing or Reaffirming Accreditation Criteria for the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS): Development of an Alumni Survey Instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, William L.; Johnson, Annabel M.

    The "Criteria for Accreditation" (1991) and reaffirmation published by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools were validated through a survey of alumni. The criteria were developed to assist institutions in evaluating their effectiveness. In all, 2,300 survey instruments were mailed to college alumni in the United States. Of…

  1. What We Need: The 2012 NASA EPO Forum Survey on Two-Year College STEM Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, R.; CoBabe-Ammann, E.; Schultz, G.

    2014-07-01

    A survey of community college STEM faculty, administered by the NASA SMD Higher Education Working Group (HEWG), was administered in fall 2012 in an effort to document the demographic make-up and views of community college faculty who teach NASA science-related STEM courses in astronomy, physics, Earth science, and engineering. Nearly half of respondents reported that less than 10% of students in their classroom are “STEMward bound” and indicated the need for STEM resources that can relate science course content and be relevant to the daily life of their students. A number of respondents also noted a new or renewed emphasis on outreach activities within the community served by their institution as part of their job description. The survey suggests specific directions and ways that the NASA SMD EPO forum can support two-year college stakeholders.

  2. Mental health of college students and their non-college-attending peers: results from a large French cross-sectional survey

    OpenAIRE

    Kovess-Masfety, Viviane; Leray, Emmanuelle; Denis, Laure; Husky, Mathilde; Pitrou, Isabelle; Bodeau-Livinec, Florence

    2016-01-01

    Background The great majority of mental disorders begin during adolescence or early adulthood, although they are often detected and treated later in life. To compare mental health status of college students and their non-college-attending peers whether working, attending a secondary school, or non-college-attending peers who are neither employed nor students or trainees (NENST) will allow to focus on high risk group. Methods Data were drawn from a large cross-sectional survey conducted by pho...

  3. Rancho Santiago College Student Satisfaction Survey. Research, Planning, Resource Development Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slark, Julie; Pham, Nga

    In spring 1991, in-class surveys were completed by 1,495 students enrolled in a random sample of courses at the Santa Ana and Orange campuses of Rancho Santiago College (RSC) to determine their attitudes about RSC and its programs and services. Study results included the following: (1) most respondents were "satisfied" or "very satisfied" with the…

  4. Results of the VEDS Employer Follow-Up Survey for Massachusetts Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carifio, James; And Others

    A year after graduation, a survey was attempted by the Massachusetts Board of Regents of all 1981-82 career graduates of public community colleges in the state (N=5,267). Of the 1,881 responding graduates, 847 reported that they were employed full-time, and 737 of the working graduates gave the board permission to contact their employers for an…

  5. Examining the Cultural Validity of a College Student Engagement Survey for Latinos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Ebelia; Mobley, Michael; Coryell, Gayle; Yu, En-Hui; Martinez, Gladys

    2013-01-01

    Using critical race theory and quantitative criticalist stance, this study examines the construct validity of an engagement survey, "Student Experiences in the Research University" (SERU) for Latino college students through exploratory factor analysis. Results support the principal seven-factor SERU model. However subfactors exhibited…

  6. Report of the Security Survey at the University of Maryland at College Park. Executive Summary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, Mary Diederich; Markewich, Theodore S.

    The level of concern about security problems at the University of Maryland at College Park and the use of available security measures and services were investigated in May 1983. A randomly-selected sample of 764 students, 571 employees, and 31 campus police were surveyed. Higher response rates were obtained from women than from men, and from…

  7. Educational Plant Survey: Manatee Community College, March 20-24, 1995.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, Ruth S.; Bullock, Thomas K.

    Pursuant to Florida educational legislation, this report presents findings of an educational plant survey conducted in March 1995 at Manatee Community College (MCC). The report is designed to aid the formulation of plans for housing the educational program, student population, faculty, administrators, staff, and auxiliary and ancillary services of…

  8. A Second Survey of Graduates of a Traditionally Black College of Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Davis G.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    A 1985-86 Howard University College of Medicine survey of graduates confirmed that the predominantly Black alumni were continuing to provide patient care to a substantial number of poor Blacks in urban areas. Findings included concerns about malpractice suits and physician impairment. (Author/MLW)

  9. Community College Fundraising: The Voluntary Support of Education Survey as a Sampling Tool for Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagoner, Richard L.; Besikof, Rudolph J.

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the Voluntary Support for Education (VSE) Survey, an instrument created by the Council for Aid to Education. Our objective is to explain VSE's potential value as a tool to inform both institutional and academic research regarding fund-raising activities at community colleges. Of particular interest is how the data available…

  10. A Tentative Survey of Rejection Act by Minority Ethnic College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静

    2009-01-01

    English is the third language for the minority ethnic students. Whether this nature influences them in their English leaning is worthy of study. Basing on Brown&Levinson's face theory,this survey focuses on howthe minority ethnic college students perform rejection act in English.

  11. The Selling of Clio: American History College Survey Textbooks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chesson, Michael B.

    1988-01-01

    Reviews the treatment of 15 different, often unrelated topics and eras, as found in the first volumes of 19 widely-used U.S. history survey textbooks. Topics reviewed include Jamestown, American slavery, the Constitution, and Fort Sumter. The review focuses on factual errors, questionable interpretations, boring prose, and the question of…

  12. Another Look at College Student's Ratings of Course Quality: Data from Penn State Student Surveys in Three Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willits, Fern; Brennan, Mark

    2017-01-01

    This study assessed the relationships of student attributes, course characteristics and course outcomes to college students' ratings of course quality in three types of settings. The analysis utilised data from online surveys of samples of college students conducted in 2011 and 2012 at the Pennsylvania State University. Included in the analysis…

  13. The Employers IV: A Survey of Employers Who Have Hired Career Program Graduates of Montgomery Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Robert L.; Armstrong, David F.

    In a survey of 374 career curriculum graduates of Montgomery Community College in 1976, 280 indicated they were working in jobs related to their college programs. Of these, 225 (80%) gave employer names and addresses and permission to contact them. Questionnaires drew responses of 159 employers to questions about skill levels of students, employee…

  14. SURVEY OF SHORT-TERM ORAL CORTICOSTEROID ADMINISTRATION BY ORTHOPAEDIC PHYSICIANS IN COLLEGE AND HIGH SCHOOL ATHLETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert W. Pearsall IV

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of oral corticosteroid (OCS drugs is advocated because of their potent anti-inflammatory effects. They also possess many potential adverse effects. No study has assessed physician prescribing practices of OCS therapy in high school (HS or college (COL athletes. This paper reports the prescribing patterns of sports medicine physicians who used short-term OCS therapy and to describe associated complications in HS and COL athletes within a 24- month period. An internet link to a descriptive epidemiology survey was included in an e-mail to all members of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine. Descriptive statistics and correlation analysis were used to examine responses. Total response rate was 32% (615/1,928. Sixty-six percent of the physicians indicated prescribing OCS to both groups of athletes, while 29% reported prescribing OCS to COL athletes and 5% to HS athletes for musculoskeletal injuries. Physicians who prescribed multiple OCS regimens to the same athlete within the same season (P = 0.01 and physicians who prescribed OCS to the skeletally immature athlete (P = 0.009 reported more complications than other physicians. Among the 412 physicians who did not prescribe OCS in the treatment of athletic induced musculoskeletal injury, 251 (61% cited a risk of developing medical complications as the primary reason for avoiding use. The reported number of medical complications was low with no cases of avascular necrosis reported for the 2-year recall period. Orthopaedic surgeons who treated athletic induced musculoskeletal injuries with a short-term course of oral corticosteroids reported that high school and college athletes benefited with few medical complications

  15. Language Development: 2 Year Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Language Development: 2 Year Olds Page Content Article Body Your ... At this time, there’s more variation in language development than in any other area. While some preschoolers ...

  16. Chinese college students’ understanding of Internet ethical issues: A survey of awareness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuelin; LI; Ying; LI; Ang; LI

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: This study examines Chinese college students’ awareness of ethical issues surrounding the use of information resources and the Internet and their attitude to these issues. Design/methodology/approach: A survey was conducted. Two hundred questionnaires were distributed to students of 9 universities at different levels in Tianjin, China; 171 were returned. Descriptive statistics were performed to analyze the data. Findings: The results indicate that Chinese college students usually ignored the negative influence of fake or pornographic or other indecent information, invasion of privacy and theft of confidential information, and violation of intellectual property rights. Although they could distinguish to some extent between ethical and unethical behavior, they were not concerned about others’ unethical behavior on the Web. The study also indicates that gender, age, academic major and expertise in using computers were related to the students’ awareness of ethical issues relating to the use of the Internet and their attitude to these issues.Research limitations: The sample is limited to the universities in Tianjin. A larger sample, which includes colleges and universities in the western or other developing areas in China, is needed to further validate our findings.Practical implications: The study helps educators and academic librarians better understand Chinese college students’ awareness of and attitude to ethical issues surrounding the use of the Internet. It thus could assist them in the improvement of information ethics education for college students.Originality/value: This study was one of the first empirical studies to investigate the factors influencing Chinese college students’ awareness of and attitude to Internet ethical issues.

  17. [Questionnaire survey of musician's dystonia among students of a music college].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konaka, Kuni; Mochizuki, Hideki

    2015-01-01

    Musician's dystonia is known as a task specific dystonia. Though it is thought to occur during a long course of repetitive performance, the actual circumstances that precipitate this condition are not clear. According to factual reports this disease is not commonly known, probably because many of these patients may not have been visiting a hospital. We prepared a questionnaire and did a survey among the students of a music college. This is the first questionnaire survey aimed at finding out the prevalence of musician's dystonia among the students of music. Among the 480 participants of this survey, 29% of the students had knowledge of this disorder and 1.25% of the students had dystonia while performing music.

  18. Time to Weigh-In: An Analysis of What, if Anything, U.S. Public 2-Year Colleges in the SACS Region Are Doing to Curb Obesity among Their Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Angela

    2014-01-01

    American higher education's mission has always been to educate the "whole" student. Educating the entire student includes nurturing their academic, emotional, social, vocational, moral, spiritual, economic, and physical development to ensure they are prepared to successfully compete in a changing global society in and after college. Each…

  19. A Survey of Foreign Languages for Business and the Professions at U.S. Colleges and Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosse, Christine Uber

    1985-01-01

    Describes a survey done to measure the extent to which courses in foreign languages for special purposes (FLSP) are part of the curriculum in higher education. Sixty-two percent of the responding colleges and universities offer FLSP courses. Survey results indicate growth potential of this relatively new field.

  20. College Students' Knowledge and Beliefs: A Survey of Global Understanding. The Final Report of the Global Understanding Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrows, Thomas S.; And Others

    The development, administration, and evaluation of a national survey to determine college students' understanding of world affairs are described in 12 articles that focus on survey measures, procedures, and results. Stephen F. Klein and Sheila M. Ager describe the issues examined by an assessment committee, their choice of an issues framework for…

  1. The Employers II: A Survey of Employers Who Have Hired Career Program Graduates of Montgomery Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Robert L.; Jones, Robert F.

    As part of a student follow-up system, a survey was conducted of employers of 1973-74 career program graduates of Montgomery College (MC). The survey was divided into three major areas: the value of an associate degree in the working world, an evaluation of the job preparation given to MC graduates, and suggestions for improvements in individual…

  2. The Employers III: A Survey of Employers Who Have Hired Career Program Graduates of Montgomery Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Robert L.; And Others

    As part of a student follow-up system, a survey was conducted of employers of 1975 career program graduates of Montgomery Community College (MCC). The survey was designed to elicit responses in three major areas: the value of an associate degree in the working world, an evaluation of job preparation given to MCC graduates, and suggestions for…

  3. In the Service of Older Americans: A Survey of the Activities of Michigan Community Colleges in the Field of Aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demko, David J.

    A survey of the 29 Michigan community colleges was conducted in regard to the services each provided to older Americans. The survey data indicated that two fundamental strategies exist for serving the older population: an integrated effort whereby the objective is the inclusion of older adults in existing services; or specific programmatic efforts…

  4. How prepared are college freshmen athletes for the rigors of college strength and conditioning? A survey of college strength and conditioning coaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Susan M; Pope, Zachary C; Simonson, Shawn R

    2014-10-01

    Training programs for high school athletes have changed over the last 20 years. High school physical education classes have transformed into sport-specific conditioning classes with intensities matching college or professional athlete programming. In addition, involvement in private, sport-specific, training increased; but despite these advanced training methods, are high school athletes prepared for collegiate sport competition? An anonymous survey was sent to 195 Division I strength and conditioning coaches (SCC) to discern incoming college freshman athletes' physical and psychological preparedness for the rigors of collegiate training and sport competition. Fifty-seven (29%) responses were received. Strength and conditioning coaches stated that incoming college freshman athletes lack lower extremity strength, overall flexibility, and core strength as well as proper Olympic lifting technique. Strength and conditioning coaches also stated that athletes lacked the mental toughness to endure collegiate sport training in addition to claiming incoming athletes lacked knowledge of correct nutrition and recovery principles. These results suggest a lack of collegiate training/sport preparedness of high school athletes. High school strength and conditioning specialist's goal is to produce better athletes and doing so requires the strength and conditioning coach/trainer to have knowledge of how to train high school athletes. One way to assure adequate knowledge of strength and conditioning training principles is for high school coaches/trainers to be certified in the field. Strength and conditioning certifications among high school strength and conditioning coaches/trainers would encourage developmentally appropriate training and would provide universities with athletes who are prepared for the rigors of collegiate sport training/competition.

  5. Survey of American College of Surgeons Committee on trauma members on firearm injury: Consensus and opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhls, Deborah A; Campbell, Brendan T; Burke, Peter A; Allee, Lisa; Hink, Ashley; Letton, Robert W; Masiakos, Peter T; Coburn, Michael; Alvi, Maria; Lerer, Trudy J; Gaines, Barbara A; Nance, Michael L; Schuerer, Douglas J E; Palmieri, Tina L; Davis, James W; Geehan, Douglas M; Elsey, James K; Sutton, Beth H; McAndrew, Mark P; Gross, Ronald I; Reed, Donald N; Van Boerum, Don H; Esposito, Thomas J; Albrecht, Roxie M; Sarani, Babak; Shapiro, David S; Wiggins-Dohlvik, Katie; Stewart, Ronald M

    2017-05-01

    In the United States, there is a perceived divide regarding the benefits and risks of firearm ownership. The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma Injury Prevention and Control Committee designed a survey to evaluate Committee on Trauma (COT) member attitudes about firearm ownership, freedom, responsibility, physician-patient freedom and policy, with the objective of using survey results to inform firearm injury prevention policy development. A 32-question survey was sent to 254 current U.S. COT members by email using Qualtrics. SPSS was used for χ exact tests and nonparametric tests, with statistical significance being less than 0.05. Our response rate was 93%, 43% of COT members have firearm(s) in their home, 88% believe that the American College of Surgeons should give the highest or a high priority to reducing firearm-related injuries, 86% believe health care professionals should be allowed to counsel patients on firearms safety, 94% support federal funding for firearms injury prevention research. The COT participants were asked to provide their opinion on the American College of Surgeons initiating advocacy efforts and there was 90% or greater agreement on 7 of 15 and 80% or greater on 10 of 15 initiatives. The COT surgeons agree on: (1) the importance of formally addressing firearm injury prevention, (2) allowing federal funds to support research on firearms injury prevention, (3) retaining the ability of health care professionals to counsel patients on firearms-related injury prevention, and (4) the majority of policy initiatives targeted to reduce interpersonal violence and firearm injury. It is incumbent on trauma and injury prevention organizations to leverage these consensus-based results to initiate prevention, advocacy, and other efforts to decrease firearms injury and death. Prognostic/epidemiologic study, level I; therapeutic care, level II.

  6. The survey of American college students computer technology preferences & purchasing plans

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    This report presents data from a survey of more than 400 American college students.  The report presents data on student computer ownership of both PCs and laptops, purchasing plans for PCs and laptops, as well as purchasing plans for cell phones and digital cameras.  The report also provides details on how student finance their computer purchases, how much money comes from parents or guardians, and how much from the student themselves, or from their parties.  In addition to data on PCs the report provides detailed info on use of popular word processing packages such as Word, WordPerfect and Open Office.

  7. Physics Enrollments in Two-Year Colleges: Results from the 2012 Survey of Physics in Two-Year Colleges. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Susan; Chu, Raymond

    2013-01-01

    This "Focus On" first considers the role two-year colleges (TYCs) play in post-secondary physics education. In their 2007 Survey of Undergraduate Seniors in degree-granting physics departments, the authors asked students if they had begun their post-secondary education at a TYC. Nine percent of the physics undergraduate seniors in 2007…

  8. Survey and Thought on Graduates’ Repayment Awareness of Student Loan in Agricultural Universities and Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    To find out graduates’ repayment awareness of student loan,we conducted a questionnaire survey for those graduates who applied for student loan in Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering.The survey has following results.First,the national student loan plays an important role in assisting poor students in finishing their study.Second,graduates value social function of personal credit.Third,trustworthiness education activities carried out by colleges and universities are effective.Fourth,economic income is a major factor of graduates repaying capital with interest.Fifth,bank’s student loan management system is not perfect.Sixth,the national student loan system remains to be improved.In line with these results,we put forward five countermeasures and suggestions:strengthen the trustworthiness education of students;standardize the credit investigation management of students’ personal credit;establish student information management mechanism;standardize banks’ payment reminder administration behavior;and perfect national student loan system.

  9. Ethical challenges in rheumatology: a survey of the American College of Rheumatology membership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKenzie, C Ronald; Meltzer, Michele; Kitsis, Elizabeth A; Mancuso, Carol A

    2013-10-01

    Despite the frequency of ethical issues arising in patient care, ethical discourse in the rheumatology literature is negligible. To better understand the scope of ethical problems occurring in our specialty, the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Committee on Ethics and Conflict of Interest surveyed ACR members. Specific objectives of the survey were 1) to learn the perceived frequency of ethical issues in rheumatology, 2) to identify activities that pose ethical problems in rheumatologic practice, 3) to determine the extent of education on, and self-perceived knowledge about, ethics among ACR members, and 4) to determine member interest in, and suggest content for, future ACR-sponsored educational activities related to bioethics. The survey included 12 non-open-ended questions addressing 5 core areas: 1) ethical dilemmas in daily practice, 2) ethical concerns in basic and clinical research, 3) influence of industry, 4) ethics of regulatory policies, potential conflicts, and disclosure, and 5) personal education on and interest in ethics. Two open-ended questions were also included, asking respondents to list the ethical issues most relevant to rheumatology and to provide any comments. Data analysis was descriptive. Seven hundred seventy-one responses were received. Respondents believed that ethical issues arise most frequently in practice and in clinical research. The most common ethical issues cited were the high cost of treatment for patients (51% of respondents) and for society (48%), and the practice of defensive medicine (45%). The survey results suggest that ethical problems in rheumatology are of concern to the ACR membership. Further, there is a perceived need for educational programs targeted at helping members address such professional challenges. Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Rheumatology.

  10. Influenza-like symptoms in the college dormitory environment: a survey taken during the 1999-2000 influenza season.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuang, Wayne M; Bailar, John C; Englund, Janet A

    2004-04-01

    The effect of dormitory environments on the transmission of the influenza virus in college students is not well understood. During the 1999-2000 flu season, dormitory residents at a college campus in Chicago were surveyed about their living conditions and influenza-like symptoms (ILS). The survey had a 42 percent response ratio (721 of 1,704). Students who had > or = 50 percent carpeting in their room were at significantly lower risk for ILS (p = .02). Although the risk of ILS increased for roommates who shared sleeping quarters compared with those who slept in different rooms (RR = 4.3), the difference was not statistically significant. No evidence was found that ILS risk was affected by washroom, laundry, or dining settings, or by demographics, including gender or year in college. The survey instrument detected strong relations between ILS and the dormitory room environment, in contrast with other settings in the dormitory. Further research on transmission may focus on the room environment.

  11. The 1983 ARI Survey of Army Recruits: Tabular Description of 1983 (Active) Army Accessions. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    regular season games E - NFL playoffs and Super Bowl F - College football G - Baseball playoffs and World Series H - NBA basketball I - College... basketball J - NHL hockey Survey forms (position): A155 C125 TOTAL surveyed is 5,741 MALE I-IIIA HSDG/POST RESPONSES TO T138 BY TERM OF ENLISTMENT 2 YEAR 3

  12. A questionnaire survey of awareness of physical activity among the faculties of medical college.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goud, Manjunatha; Pamidi, Narendra; Devi, Oinam S; Nayal, Bhavn; Kamath, Ullas; Raghuveer

    2014-01-01

    The physical activity in teaching faculties is an important aspect to maintain good health. This not only prevents the various non - communicable diseases but also has role in secondary prevention of diseases. It is also proven that the growing epidemic of obesity mostly in children is linked to recent decline in physical activity levels both in home, school and working places. Social class is thought to have a bearing on physical activity. On basis of this, the survey was done to assess the physical activity levels in higher social class population i.e. on teaching faculty of Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India. Questionnaire study was implemented in 2010 as the design of this research without any manual intervention. No experiment was conducted in the research. Questions were specific and related to the physical activities in home and also in working environment. The study found that in medical college the lifestyle is restricted mostly to sedentary and moderate work. Most of faculties were using bike and cars to reach there working place and also we found the physical activities in the form of exercise and sports activity were lacking. In addition to the importance of a physical activity professional's potential influence on others as a model, engaging in a physically active lifestyle is very important for personal reasons. Achieving and maintaining a health-enhancing level of physical fitness is one of the basic standards for good teaching and maintaining good health. Physical activity in professionals leads to both personal health benefits, and improve job satisfaction. Infrastructure improvements such as sports activity in colleges among faculties, combined with regular exercise provide additional physical activity that would help reduce obesity and non-communicable diseases.

  13. A Comparison of Community College Responders and Non-Responders to the VEDS Student Follow-Up Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carifio, James; And Others

    In September 1984, a Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) follow-up survey was conducted of all 5,267 students who had graduated from Massachusetts public community colleges in 1982-83. Of these graduates, 1,881 (35.7%) returned the survey, and 3,386 (64.3%) did not. A subsequent study was conducted to compare the characteristics of survey…

  14. Environmental Chemistry and Environmental Science: A Survey of Courses Offered in U.S. Colleges and Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aram, Roberta J.; Manahan, Stanley E.

    1995-01-01

    Conducted a survey to determine the variety and availability of college-level environmental chemistry course offerings in the United States. Reports that 45% of all responding institutions offered an environmental chemistry course within the chemistry department, 24% were contemplating offering such a course, and 53% of responding institutions…

  15. Credibility and Usefulness of Health Information on Facebook: A Survey Study with U.S. College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sung Un; Syn, Sue Yeon

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: This study examines ways in which college students perceive the credibility and usefulness of health information on Facebook, depending on topic sensitivity, information source and demographic factors. Method: With self-selection sampling, data were collected from two universities through an online survey; 351 responses were used for…

  16. Gender Wage Gaps by College Major in Taiwan: Empirical Evidence from the 1997-2003 Manpower Utilization Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Eric S.

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we examine the effect of incorporating the fields of study on the explained and unexplained components of the standard Oaxaca decomposition for the gender wage gaps in Taiwan using 1997-2003 Manpower Utilization Survey data. Using several existing and lately developed measures, we inspect the gender wage gap by college major to…

  17. 1980 Survey of Faculty Teaching in Departments of Medicinal/Pharmaceutical Chemistry at American Colleges of Pharmacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matuszak, Alice Jean; Sarnoff, Darwin

    1981-01-01

    An American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy survey of medicinal/pharmaceutical chemistry faculty is reported. Data, including academic and experience backgrounds of faculty and their teaching load, are presented. Differences in training are noted in comparing the average chemistry professor to the average assistant professor. (Author/MLW)

  18. Military and Veteran Student Achievement in Postsecondary Education: A Structural Equation Model Using the Community College Survey of Men (CCSM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    De LaGarza, Thomas R.; Manuel, Marcus A.; Wood, J. Luke; Harris, Frank, III

    2016-01-01

    Few quantitative studies exist on veteran success in postsecondary education, and existing qualitative research has also not accurately identified factors related to veteran achievement or pathways to success in postsecondary education. In this article, the Community College Survey of Men (CCSM) evaluates predictors of student success for…

  19. Predictors of Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Use in College Students: A Preliminary Study Using Web-Based Survey Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrell, Holly E. R.; Cohen, Lee M.; Bacchi, Donna; West, Joel

    2005-01-01

    Cigarette smoking and smokeless tobacco (SLT) use are associated with numerous health hazards and economic costs, and rates of tobacco use have recently increased among young adults. In this study, the authors compared predictors of smoking and SLT use among college students (N = 21,410) from 13 Texas universities using a Web-based survey. Results…

  20. The Development of a Computer Assisted Math Review for Physical Science Survey Students at Brevard Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Joel F.

    A computer assisted mathematics review unit was designed for students enrolled in a community college physical science survey course, who had severe mathematical deficiences in their backgrounds. The CAI program (written in BASIC) covered multiplication and division of numbers written in scientific notation. Thirty-five students who scored zero…

  1. Variations of transesophageal echocardiography practices in India: A survey by Indian College of Cardiac Anaesthesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borde, Deepak Prakash; George, Antony; Joshi, Shreedhar; Nair, Suresh; Koshy, Thomas; Gandhe, Uday; Chakravarthy, Murali

    2016-01-01

    Context: Use of perioperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has expanded in India. Despite attempts to standardize the practice of TEE in cardiac surgical procedures, variation in practice and application exists. This is the first online survey by Indian College of Cardiac Anaesthesia, research and academic wing of the Indian Association of Cardiovascular Thoracic Anaesthesiologists (IACTA). Aims: We hypothesized that variations in practice of intraoperative TEE exist among centers and this survey aimed at analyzing them. Settings and Design: This is an online survey conducted among members of the IACTA. Subjects and Methods: All members of IACTA were contacted using online questionnaire fielded using SurveyMonkey™ software. There were 21 questions over four pages evaluating infrastructure, documentation of TEE, experience and accreditation of anesthesiologist performing TEE, and finally impact of TEE on clinical practice. Questions were also asked about national TEE workshop conducted by the IACTA, and suggestions were invited by members on overseas training. Results: Response rate was 29.7% (382/1222). 53.9% were from high-volume centers (>500 cases annually). TEE machine/probe was available to 75.9% of the respondents and those in high-volume centers had easier (86.9%) access. There was poor documentation of preoperative consent (23.3%) as well as TEE findings (66%). Only 18.2% of responders were board qualified. Almost 90% of the responders felt surgeons respected their TEE diagnosis. Around half of the responders felt that new intraoperative findings by TEE were considered in decision-making in most of the cases and 70% of the responders reported that surgical plan was altered based on TEE finding more than 10 times in the last year. Despite this, only 5% of the responders in this survey were monetarily awarded for performing impactful skill of TEE. Majority (57%) felt that there is no need for overseas training for Indian cardiac anesthesiologists

  2. A Health Assessment Survey of Veteran Students: Utilizing a Community College-Veterans Affairs Medical Center Partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misra-Hebert, Anita D; Santurri, Laura; DeChant, Richard; Watts, Brook; Sehgal, Ashwini R; Aron, David C

    2015-10-01

    To assess health status among student veterans at a community college utilizing a partnership between a Veterans Affairs Medical Center and a community college. Student veterans at Cuyahoga Community College in Cleveland, Ohio, in January to April 2013. A health assessment survey was sent to 978 veteran students. Descriptive analyses to assess prevalence of clinical diagnoses and health behaviors were performed. Logistic regression analyses were performed to assess for independent predictors of functional limitations. 204 students participated in the survey (21% response rate). Self-reported depression and unhealthy behaviors were high. Physical and emotional limitations (45% and 35%, respectively), and pain interfering with work (42%) were reported. Logistic regression analyses confirmed the independent association of self-reported depression with functional limitation (odds ratio [OR] = 3.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.4-7.8, p student veterans at a community college. A partnership between a Veterans Affairs Medical Center and a community college can be utilized to help understand the health needs of veteran students. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  3. Stress and mental health problems in 1st year medical students: a survey of two medical colleges in Kanpur, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shivendra Jena

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Incidence of stress among medical students has been reported to be between high and very high. Medical students in pre-clinical phase are more likely to develop psychological distress than medical students in clinical phase. It may affect academic performance and lead to anxiety, depression and substance abuse. Methods: First year students of one government medical college and one private medical college of Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India, were surveyed to find out stress and mental health problems shortly after their admission. Results: The two colleges showed difference in the frequencies of a number of factors- current stress, sleep problem, sad mood, both parents working, parents giving sufficient time, non-participation in extra-curricular activities, sharing problem with their families, having break-up in a romantic relationship and poor relationships with classmates and roommate. More students of the government medical college reported to have current stress compared to the students of the private medical college. While all students of the government medical who had stress since admission did not recover from it, 55.56% of students of the private medical college recovered from it at the time of our survey. Conclusion: a Psychiatry Department of every medical college should be involved in screening 1st year students having stress and mental health problems and managing them. b Medical education should be imparted in more relaxed and fun filled manner to help students cope with the long and difficult course. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(1.000: 130-134

  4. Leveraging a Community Participatory Framework to Move Climate Survey Data into Action at a Small College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, C. Ellen; Benitez, Michael, Jr.

    2017-01-01

    A participatory framework in conducting research and implementing decisions can engage multiple constituents throughout a college community. At a small college, it is especially relevant, because nonmajority groups are especially vulnerable because of a smaller critical mass.

  5. Survey of Developmental Mathematics Courses at Colleges in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, James; And Others

    A 40-item questionnaire designed to investigate the variety and scope of developmental mathematics courses (DMC) offered at colleges and universities throughout the United States was administered to a selected sample of two- and four-year colleges in October 1974. The 104 respondents represented 21 states. Most (58%) of the colleges responding…

  6. Validação do National College Health Risk Behavior Survey para utilização com universitários brasileiros Validation of National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to be use with Brazilian college students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina da Franca

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é traduzir, adaptar e validar o National College Health Risk Behavior Survey para utilização com universitários brasileiros. Participaram do estudo 208 universitários da UFPE e UPE. A validação foi realizada em cinco etapas: (1 tradução; (2 retrotradução; (3 correção e adaptação semântica (transculturalização; (4 validação de face; (5 teste e reteste. A tradução e retrotradução não apresentaram muitas discordâncias, tendo sido feitas as adaptações necessárias. Após a validação de face, o questionário foi reduzido de 96 para 52 questões. A reprodutibilidade foi avaliada através do teste de Kappa. Dos onze tópicos analisados, a maioria apresentou Kappa bom a perfeito: segurança e violência (Kappa=0,89; suicídio (Kappa=1,00; uso do tabaco (Kappa=0,90; bebida alcoólica (Kappa=0,78; consumo de cocaína e outras drogas (Kappa=0,70; comportamento sexual (Kappa=0,88 e peso corporal (Kappa=0,89. Apenas o tópico sobre alimentação apresentou Kappa fraco (Kappa = 0,26 e o tópico sobre informações em saúde apresentou Kappa moderado (Kappa=0,56. O Kappa médio para todos os tópicos foi 0,76, classificado como bom. A versão reduzida do instrumento pode ser considerada validada na língua portuguesa com nível de reprodutibilidade aceitável.The objective of this article is to translate, to adapt and to validate the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to apply at Brazilian college students. 208 college students from the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE and University of Pernambuco (UPE participated in the study. The validation was carried through in five stages: (1 translation; (2 retrotranslation; (3 correction and semantic adaptation (cultural adaptation; (4 face validation; (5 test-retest. Adaptations were done to deal with any semantic disagreements found between translation and retrotranslation. After face validation, the questionnaire was reduced from 96 to 52

  7. Factors Leading to Student Veteran Achievement in Community College: A Quantitative Study Utilizing the Community College Survey of Men

    Science.gov (United States)

    De La Garza, Thomas R.

    2016-01-01

    Student veteran achievement in community college has received increased attention this past decade with the surge in enrollment by returning military personnel and retired veterans. Similar to previous eras, today's student veterans seek post-war educational opportunities at postsecondary institutions. Yet unlike previous student veteran…

  8. Connecting to young adults: an online social network survey of beliefs and attitudes associated with prescription opioid misuse among college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lord, Sarah; Brevard, Julie; Budman, Simon

    2011-01-01

    A survey of motives and attitudes associated with patterns of nonmedical prescription opioid medication use among college students was conducted on Facebook, a popular online social networking Web site. Response metrics for a 2-week random advertisement post, targeting students who had misused prescription medications, surpassed typical benchmarks for online marketing campaigns and yielded 527 valid surveys. Respondent characteristics, substance use patterns, and use motives were consistent with other surveys of prescription opioid use among college populations. Results support the potential of online social networks to serve as powerful vehicles to connect with college-aged populations about their drug use. Limitations of the study are noted.

  9. "Taking Training to the Next Level": The American College of Surgeons Committee on Residency Training Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damewood, Richard B; Blair, Patrice Gabler; Park, Yoon Soo; Lupi, Linda K; Newman, Rachel Williams; Sachdeva, Ajit K

    2017-08-03

    The American College of Surgeons (ACS) appointed a committee of leaders from the ACS, Association of Program Directors in Surgery, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, and American Board of Surgery to define key challenges facing surgery resident training programs and to explore solutions. The committee wanted to solicit the perspectives of surgery resident program directors (PDs) given their pivotal role in residency training. Two surveys were developed, pilot tested, and administered to PDs following Institutional Review Board approval. PDs from 247 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited general surgery programs were randomized to receive 1 of the 2 surveys. Bias analyses were conducted, and adjusted Pearson χ(2) tests were used to test for differences in response patterns by program type and size. All accredited general surgery programs in the United States were included in the sampling frame of the survey; 10 programs with initial or withdrawn accreditation were excluded from the sampling frame. A total of 135 PDs responded, resulting in a 54.7% response rate (Survey A: n = 67 and Survey B: n = 68). The respondent sample was determined to be representative of program type and size. Nearly 52% of PD responses were from university-based programs, and 41% had over 6 residents per graduating cohort. More than 61% of PDs reported that, compared to 10 years ago, both entering and graduating residents are less prepared in technical skills. PDs expressed significant concerns regarding the effect of duty-hour restrictions on the overall preparation of graduating residents (61%) and quality of patient care (57%). The current 5-year training structure was viewed as needing a significant or extensive increase in opportunities for resident autonomy (63%), and the greatest barriers to resident autonomy were viewed to be patient preferences not to be cared for by residents (68%), liability concerns (68%), and Centers for Medicare and

  10. Social and Psychological Predictors of Initial Cigarette Smoking Experience: A Survey in Male College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menati, Walieh; Nazarzadeh, Milad; Bidel, Zeinab; Würtz, Morten; Menati, Rostam; Hemati, Rohollah; Yaghoubi, Maryam; Zareimanesh, Elham; Mohammadi, Mohammad Sabour; Akhlaghi Ardekani, Farzad; Tazval, Jafar; Delpisheh, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Knowledge about social and psychological risk factors for initial cigarette smoking experience (ICSE) is sparse. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of ICSE and to examine the psychological and social factors related to ICSE. In a cross-sectional survey, 1,511 male college students were recruited using multistage sampling techniques from four universities located within the city of Ilam, Iran. Self-administered multiple-choice questionnaires were distributed to students from March to June 2013. Risk factors for ICSE were evaluated using logistic regression models. Participants were 22.3 ± 2.4 years of age. ICSE prevalence was 30.6%. In multivariable adjusted analysis, risk taking behavior (odds ratio [OR] = 1.61; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.11-2.33), perceived peer smoking prevalence (OR = 2.48; 95% CI = 1.03-5.97), positive thoughts about smoking (OR = 1.06; 95% CI = 1.02-1.10), high self-efficacy (OR = 0.95, 95% CI [0.93, 0.98]), presence in smokers' gathering (OR = 4.45; 95% CI = 2.88-6.81), comity of smokers (OR = 2.56; 95% CI = 1.66, 3.92), very hard access to cigarettes (OR = 2.20; 95% CI = 1.16-4.16), close friends' medium reaction toward smoking (OR = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.02-1.88), and sporting activity (OR = 0.74; 95% CI = 0.56-0.98) were significantly associated with ICSE. This study identified that a combination of psychological and social variables account for up to 78% of the probability of ICSE. The most important protective factor against ICSE was physical activity, whereas the most important risk factor for ICSE was frequent gathering in the presence of smokers.

  11. The Survey of College Marketing Programs. Volume 2: Print Advertising and Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Primary Research Group, Inc., New York, NY.

    This report presents 213 tables detailing findings regarding types and costs of advertising within marketing programs at 68 colleges and universities. Highlights of this report include the following: these colleges print a mean number of 19,270 viewbooks and 16,380 catalogs; and advertise in newspapers (86.6 percent), in magazines (45.4 percent),…

  12. Correlates of Ecstasy Use among Students Surveyed through the 1997 College Alcohol Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yacoubian, George S., Jr.

    2003-01-01

    The drug-using behaviors of 14,520 college students were examined with data collected through the 1997 College Alcohol Study. Prevalence estimates of ecstasy use were generated and associations between ecstasy use, demographic characteristics, and alcohol and other drug use were explored. Implications for these findings are discussed. (Contains 24…

  13. Benchmarking Alumni Relations in Community Colleges: Findings from a 2015 CASE Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paradise, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    The Benchmarking Alumni Relations in Community Colleges white paper features key data on alumni relations programs at community colleges across the United States. The paper compares results from 2015 and 2012 across such areas as the structure, operations and budget for alumni relations, alumni data collection and management, alumni communications…

  14. Chinglish:A Survey and Analysis of Chinese College Students’Attitudes about“Wrong English”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUI Fang-hui; Jonathan Kaplan

    2016-01-01

    Chinglish exists widely in college students’speaking and writing. This paper explores college students’attitudes to-ward Chinglish through a questionnaire. A primary finding is that most college students accept Chinglish as legitimate communi-cation, considering it to be 1) a tool to energize or vivify the social atmosphere, and 2) a source of catchwords and phrases specif-ically employed in communication with friends. Despite their acceptance and use of Chinglish, the questionnaire reveals, also, that college students lack linguistic understanding of Chinglish and are unaware of how it may interfere with acquisition of cor-rect English. The analysis of the questionnaire also has some implications in college English teaching.

  15. Salish Kootenai College and U.S. Geological Survey partnership—Enhancing student opportunities and professional development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sando, Roy; Fordham, Monique

    2017-08-29

    Salish Kootenai College (SKC), in the Flathead Reservation in the northwestern corner of Montana, is the largest of the seven Tribal colleges in the State. In 2011, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Tribal Liaison Monique Fordham from the Office of Tribal Relations/Office of Science Quality and Integrity began discussions with SKC faculty to examine ways the USGS could assist with classes taught as part of the new hydrology program at the college. With funding provided by the USGS Office of Tribal Relations, Roy Sando from the Wyoming-Montana Water Science Center began collaborating with SKC. From 2012 to 2017, Sando and others have developed and taught eight educational workshops at SKC. Topics of the workshops have included classifying land cover using remote sensing, characterizing stream channel migration, estimating actual evapotranspiration, modeling groundwater contamination plumes, and building custom geographic information system tools. By contributing to the educational training of SKC students and establishing this high level of collaboration with a Tribal college, the USGS is demonstrating its commitment to helping build the next generation of Tribal scientists.

  16. Young Adults’ Fertility Expectations and Events: Associations With College Enrollment and Persistence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raley, R. Kelly; Kim, Yujin; Daniels, Kimberly

    2013-01-01

    The analyses described in this article investigated the association between adolescent fertility expectations and college enrollment (N = 7,838). They also explored the potential impact of fertility expectations and events on college persistence among 4-year (n = 2,605) and 2-year (n = 1,962) college students. The analysis, which used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort, showed a significant association between expectations for early parenthood and the likelihood of going to a 4-year college or 2-year college for both men and women. In addition, the authors found that pregnancies were associated with an increased risk of college dropout for women; however, if all of the estimated effect of pregnancies on the risk of dropout were causal, they would still not be a major factor contributing to educational attainment because fertile pregnancies among college women are so rare. PMID:23729862

  17. Mental health of college students and their non-college-attending peers: results from a large French cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovess-Masfety, Viviane; Leray, Emmanuelle; Denis, Laure; Husky, Mathilde; Pitrou, Isabelle; Bodeau-Livinec, Florence

    2016-04-21

    The great majority of mental disorders begin during adolescence or early adulthood, although they are often detected and treated later in life. To compare mental health status of college students and their non-college-attending peers whether working, attending a secondary school, or non-college-attending peers who are neither employed nor students or trainees (NENST) will allow to focus on high risk group. Data were drawn from a large cross-sectional survey conducted by phone in 2005 in four French regions in a randomly selected sample of 22,138 adults. Analyses were restricted to the college-age subsample, defined as those aged 18 to 24 (n = 2424). Sociodemographic, educational, and occupational status were determined. In addition, respondents were administered standardized instruments to assess mental health and well-being (CIDI-SF, SF-36, Sheehan Disability Scale, CAGE), mastery, social support, and isolation. The four occupational groups were compared. All analyses were stratified by gender. Mental health disorders were more prevalent among the NENST group, with significant differences among men for anxiety disorders including phobias, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and panic disorder, impairing at least one role in their daily life. This was also true among women except for panic disorder. The NENST group also reported the lowest level of mastery and social support for both genders and the highest level of social isolation for women only. After adjustment, occupational status remained an independent correlate of PTSD (OR = 2.92 95 % CI = 1.4-6.1), agoraphobia (OR = 1.86 95 % CI 1.07-3.22) and alcohol dependence (OR = 2.1 95 % CI = 1.03-4.16). Compared with their peers at work or in education/training, the prevalence of certain common mental health disorders was higher among college-aged individuals in the NENST group. Efforts should be made to help young adults in the transition between school or academic contexts and joining the workforce. It is also

  18. Follow-Up Survey of Students Who Received a Degree or Certificate from Napa Valley College in the 1984-85 Academic Year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedlander, Jack

    A survey was conducted of Napa Valley College (NVC) graduates who completed a degree or certificate program in the 1984-85 academic year. Surveys were sent to 320 graduates to determine what percentage achieved their educational goal by the time they left NVC; graduates' satisfaction with their NVC experience; the extent to which they took…

  19. A Survey on the correlations between college students' FLA and English achievement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bi Ran

    2015-01-01

    FLA (foreign language anxiety) is one of the affective factors that most pervasively obstruct the learning process. The paper is concerned with an empirical study on the correlations between college students' FLA and English achievement.

  20. Happiness and health behaviours in Chilean college students: A cross-sectional survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Happiness has been associated with a range of favourable health outcomes through two pathways: its relationship with favourable biological responses to stress and with healthy lifestyles and prudent health behaviours. There are a substantial number of cross-cultural studies about happiness, but none of them has studied the association of happiness with perceived stress and health behaviours in Latin American samples. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between general happiness and these variables in a Latin American sample. Methods We conducted a survey to examine the status of 3461 students aged between 17 and 24 years old (mean age = 19.89; SD = 1.73) who attended University of Santiago de Chile during 2009. The healthy behaviours indexes assessed were the frequency of daily physical exercise, fruits/vegetables intake, breakfast and lunch intake, smoking, alcohol and other drugs consumption. We also included the assessment of perceived stress and Body Mass Index. All of them were evaluated using a self-report questionnaire. Results The univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses showed that being female and younger was related to a higher happiness, as well as that people self-reporting daily physical activity, having lunch and fruits and vegetables each day had a higher likelihood (OR between 1.33 and 1.40) of being classified as "very happy". Those who informed felt stressed in normal circumstances and during tests situations showed a lower likelihood (0.73 and 0.82, respectively) of being considered "very happy". Regarding drug consumption, taking tranquilizers under prescription was negative related to "subjective happiness" (OR = 0.62), whereas smoking was positive associated (OR = 1.20). Conclusions The findings of this study mainly support the relationship between happiness and health outcomes through the two pathways previously mentioned. They also underscore the importance of that some healthy

  1. Happiness and health behaviours in Chilean college students: A cross-sectional survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Straten Annemieke

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Happiness has been associated with a range of favourable health outcomes through two pathways: its relationship with favourable biological responses to stress and with healthy lifestyles and prudent health behaviours. There are a substantial number of cross-cultural studies about happiness, but none of them has studied the association of happiness with perceived stress and health behaviours in Latin American samples. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between general happiness and these variables in a Latin American sample. Methods We conducted a survey to examine the status of 3461 students aged between 17 and 24 years old (mean age = 19.89; SD = 1.73 who attended University of Santiago de Chile during 2009. The healthy behaviours indexes assessed were the frequency of daily physical exercise, fruits/vegetables intake, breakfast and lunch intake, smoking, alcohol and other drugs consumption. We also included the assessment of perceived stress and Body Mass Index. All of them were evaluated using a self-report questionnaire. Results The univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses showed that being female and younger was related to a higher happiness, as well as that people self-reporting daily physical activity, having lunch and fruits and vegetables each day had a higher likelihood (OR between 1.33 and 1.40 of being classified as "very happy". Those who informed felt stressed in normal circumstances and during tests situations showed a lower likelihood (0.73 and 0.82, respectively of being considered "very happy". Regarding drug consumption, taking tranquilizers under prescription was negative related to "subjective happiness" (OR = 0.62, whereas smoking was positive associated (OR = 1.20. Conclusions The findings of this study mainly support the relationship between happiness and health outcomes through the two pathways previously mentioned. They also underscore the

  2. A Survey on the Correlation between College English Majors’Listening Strategies Use and Listening Autonomy Proficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范莉

    2013-01-01

      This study explored the correlation between listening strategies use and listening autonomy proficiency, and aimed to find the listening strategies that can predict a higher listening autonomous achievement. 133 English majors of Yangtze University, College of Arts and Science participated in this survey. The general situation of English majors’using of listening strategies and the correlation between different listening strategies and listening autonomy proficiency were analyzed. Based on the findings, some pedagogical implications were proposed to professional English listening teaching in higher education.

  3. Characteristics of Two-Year College Students on the Autism Spectrum and Their Support Services Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne M. Roux

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Approximately 80% of college-going youth with autism in the US attend a 2-year college at some point. These community-based, universally accessible institutions offer both academic and vocational courses and have experience in teaching diverse learners. This study used nationally representative survey data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 to describe the characteristics and services experiences of adults with autism who attended postsecondary education after high school, focusing on those who attended a 2-year college. Over 60% of those who attended 2-year colleges had little to no trouble conversing or performing functional skills like counting change during high school, and extracurricular participation was common (93.8%. Most 2-year college attenders (85.7% were able to navigate to places outside the home versus 43.9% of those with no postsecondary education. Over half took vocational courses at 2-year colleges, while one-quarter pursued academic study. Less than half (48.6% of those who disclosed their disability to the school reported receiving services, accommodations, or other help. Most (87.3% felt they received enough help, but fewer (68.0% felt the services they received were useful. Future research should delineate specific needs of students with autism in 2-year college settings and identify what supports are needed to improve persistence and completion rates.

  4. Characteristics of Two-Year College Students on the Autism Spectrum and Their Support Services Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roux, Anne M; Shattuck, Paul T; Rast, Jessica E; Rava, Julianna A; Edwards, Amy D; Wei, Xin; McCracken, Mary; Yu, Jennifer W

    2015-01-01

    Approximately 80% of college-going youth with autism in the US attend a 2-year college at some point. These community-based, universally accessible institutions offer both academic and vocational courses and have experience in teaching diverse learners. This study used nationally representative survey data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 to describe the characteristics and services experiences of adults with autism who attended postsecondary education after high school, focusing on those who attended a 2-year college. Over 60% of those who attended 2-year colleges had little to no trouble conversing or performing functional skills like counting change during high school, and extracurricular participation was common (93.8%). Most 2-year college attenders (85.7%) were able to navigate to places outside the home versus 43.9% of those with no postsecondary education. Over half took vocational courses at 2-year colleges, while one-quarter pursued academic study. Less than half (48.6%) of those who disclosed their disability to the school reported receiving services, accommodations, or other help. Most (87.3%) felt they received enough help, but fewer (68.0%) felt the services they received were useful. Future research should delineate specific needs of students with autism in 2-year college settings and identify what supports are needed to improve persistence and completion rates.

  5. Depression and religiosity and/or spirituality in college: a longitudinal survey of students in the USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Devon M; York, Kate

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to conduct a longitudinal test of an explanatory model of depression, where religiosity and/or spirituality (R/S) represents a potentially protective factor in college students in the USA. A Web-based survey was administered monthly to 214 students from religious and public colleges. At 1 month and 6 months, the measures of R/S, depression, stress, and cognitive vulnerability were administered. Between 2 and 5 months, only the measures of stress and depression were administered. The data were analyzed to test the hypothesis that R/S buffers the effect of stress on depression over time in the context of cognitive vulnerability. The results supported a direct and protective effect over time between R/S and depression, but a buffering effect on the relationship between stress and depression was not found. Although all aspects of R/S were demonstrated to protect the participants from depression, it did not appear that the relationship between R/S and stress or R/S and cognitive vulnerability explains this relationship. Nurses who are working with college students should take holistic approaches to their emotional difficulties, realizing the potentially beneficial effects of students' religiousness or spirituality.

  6. Irrigation protocol among endodontic faculty and post-graduate students in dental colleges of India: A survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velayutham Gopikrishna

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Irrigation protocol is the most critical step during the disinfection of an infected root canal system. Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the root canal irrigation trends being practiced among the endodontic teaching faculty and post-graduate students in the dental colleges present in India. Materials and Methods: A postal invitation to participate in this national survey was sent to the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontic of 294 Dental Colleges present in India. A total of 2389 forms were successfully delivered out of which 794 duly filled forms were received back. Survey participants were asked about their irrigant selection, irrigant concentration, smear layer removal protocol, and use of adjuncts during irrigation. Results: This survey elicited a positive response rate of 33.23%. Our data indicated that 92.8% of respondents use sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl as the primary endodontic irrigant, with 26 gauge needle being most preferred for syringe irrigation, with 49.3% of them using it at a concentration of 2.6-4.0%. 68% of our respondents aim to remove the smear layer during the endodontic treatment while 47% reported using ultrasonic activation as an adjunct during their irrigation protocol. Conclusions: The findings of this survey are that the majority of teaching institutions in India are employing NaOCl (2.6-4.0% as the primary endodontic irrigant. The concept of smear layer removal is high (68%, and there is a general trend (78% to modify the irrigation protocol according to the status of the pulp, status of the periapex and in retreatment cases.

  7. College students lack knowledge of standard drink volumes: implications for definitions of risky drinking based on survey data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Aaron M; Kraus, Courtney L; Flom, Julie D; Kestenbaum, Lori A; Mitchell, Jamie R; Shah, Kunal; Swartzwelder, H Scott

    2005-04-01

    College students tend to pour single servings of beer and liquor that are larger than commonly used standards. The reasons for this are unknown. Students might overpour because they lack knowledge of standard serving sizes. Alternatively, they might know how much alcohol to pour but simply have difficulty pouring the correct amounts. Misperceptions of standard serving sizes could lead to inaccuracies in self-reported consumption. If this is the case, then the validity of students' responses on alcohol surveys and the definitions of risky drinking that are based on them would be called into question. This study examined how college students define standard drinks, whether their definitions are similar to the definitions commonly used by alcohol researchers and government agencies, and whether their definitions of standard drinks are related to the sizes of the drinks that they pour. The study also examined whether feedback regarding the accuracy of their definitions of standard drinks leads students to alter their self-reported levels of consumption. Students (N = 133) completed an alcohol survey and performed tasks that required them to free-pour a single beer, glass of wine, shot of liquor, or the amount of liquor in a mixed drink. Roughly half of the students received feedback regarding their definitions of standard drinks. All students then were resurveyed about their recent levels of consumption. With the exception of beer, students incorrectly defined the volumes of standard servings of alcohol, overestimating the appropriate volumes. They also overestimated appropriate volumes when asked to free-pour drinks. Positive relationships existed between students' definitions of standard drinks and the sizes of the drinks that they free-poured. Feedback regarding misperceptions of standard drink volumes led to an increase in levels of self-reported consumption, suggesting that students' original estimates of their alcohol consumption were too low. Despite the recent

  8. Management of Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency at Peking Union Medical College Hospital:A Survey among Physicians

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-bo Yang; Meng-qi Zhang; Hui Pan; Hui-juan Zhu

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate physicians’ attitude and knowledge about the management of adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD) at Peking Union Medical College Hospital and impact factors associated with better decision-making. Methods A 21-question anonymous survey was distributed and collected at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, a major teaching hospital in Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Data of physicians’ educational background, clinical training, patient workload per year and continuing medical education in AGHD were collected. Factors associated with appropriate answers were further analyzed by multivariate regression models. Results One hundred and eighteen internal medicine residents, endocrine fellows, attending physicians and visiting physicians responded to the survey. Among them, 44.9% thought that AGHD patients should accept recombinant human growth hormone replacement therapy. Moreover, 56.8% selected insulin tolerance test and growth hormone-releasing hormone-arginine test for the diagnosis of AGHD. Logistic regression analysis of physician demographic data, educational background, and work experience found no consistent independent factors associated with better decision-making, other than continued medical education, that were associated with treatment choice. Conclusions The physicians’ reported management of AGHD in this major academic healthcare center in Beijing was inconsistent with current evidence. High quality continued medical education is required to improve Chinese physician management of AGHD.

  9. Showing Your Pride: A National Survey of Queer Student Centres in Canadian Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecker, John; Rae, Jennifer; Bassi, Amandeep

    2015-01-01

    The presence of queer student centres (QSCs) across Canadian universities and colleges is largely unknown. It is an important area of investigation since queer-identified students have previously identified several benefits of these services, including receiving support from other queer individuals. The focus of the current study was to determine…

  10. Technological Change in the Workplace: A Statewide Survey of Community College Library and Learning Resources Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poole, Carolyn E.; Denny, Emmett

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of the effects of technostress on library personnel focuses on an investigation that examined how employees in Florida community college libraries and learning resources centers are dealing with technological change in their work environment. Considers implications for planning and implementing technological change and includes…

  11. The Use of Seven Simulation Activities in a College Economics Survey Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraas, John W.

    The simulation-gaming approach to college introductory economics courses benefits students who possess a certain combination of cognitive learning styles. The Cognitive Style Questionnaire, administered to 120 freshmen, identified those students who obtain meaning from spoken words, numerals, or mathematical symbols; have the ability to place…

  12. Evaluating Alumni Publications: A Readership Survey of the Graduates of an Agricultural College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerakis, Argyrios

    1997-01-01

    Responses from 81 alumni of Michigan State University's agricultural college revealed overall satisfaction with the alumni magazine. Most thought advertising would be acceptable to defray costs. Lack of time or interest were reasons for not reading articles. One in three copies was read by someone other than the alumnus. (SK)

  13. The Employers. A Survey of Employers Who Have Hired Montgomery College Graduates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Robert L.; Harkness, Suzanne C.

    This study was undertaken to assess employers' attitudes toward the educational preparation of Montgomery College graduates in their employ. Further, it was an effort to gain information from employers regarding what improvements they felt could be made in Montgomery's curriculum to better prepare students for their future occupations. The data…

  14. A SURVEY OF PARKING LOT UTILIZATION AT THE SOUTH CAMPUS, MACOMB COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macomb County Community Coll., Warren, MI.

    COLLEGE PARKING FACILITIES SHOULD (1) PERMIT FREE MOVEMENT OF VEHICLES, (2) ACCOMMODATE PEAK HOUR TRAFFIC DEMANDS, INCLUDING PROVISION OF RESERVOIR SPACE AT ENTRANCES AND EXITS, (3) BE ADEQUATELY MARKED AND POSTED, (4) BE DESIGNED TO ALLOW INTERNAL MOVEMENT, EASE AND SAFETY OF ACCESS, ADEQUATE MANEUVERING AREAS, AND GENERAL CONVENIENCE, AND (5) BE…

  15. Gender-Inclusive Housing Preferences: A Survey of College-Aged Transgender Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krum, Tiana E.; Davis, Kyle S.; Galupo, M. Paz

    2013-01-01

    Traditional on-campus housing assignments at colleges and universities are made on the basis of legal sex, where students are housed only with other students of the same legal sex. This method is problematic for transgender and gender-nonconforming students, who may not identify with the gender assigned to them at birth. Recently, some…

  16. A Survey of Bioethics Courses in U.S. Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrix, Jon R.

    1977-01-01

    Data from questionnaires sent to every college and university in the United States ascertained that 26 percent of the 223 responding major institutions offered a bioethics course, most frequently presented by the biology department to medical students and taught most frequently by professors of ethics and philosophy background. Questionnaire and…

  17. Use of ICT in College Libraries in Karnataka, India: A Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, B. T. Sampath; Biradar, B. S.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose; The purpose of this paper is to examine the use of information communication technology (ICT) in 31 college libraries in Karnataka, India by investigating the ICT infrastructure, current status of library automation, barriers to implementation of library automation and also librarians' attitudes towards the use of ICT.…

  18. A Survey of the Ideology of College and University Teaching Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenbin, Zhang; Yong, Liu

    2005-01-01

    The ideology of college and university teaching faculty is generally healthy and forward-looking. The broad mass of teachers has placed their hopes in the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), and their political enthusiasm is at an all-time high. They have adopted the values and moral concepts of socialism and keenly support the reform and development…

  19. Cybersecurity Education in Community Colleges across America: A Survey of Four Approaches by Five Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Robert D.; Hawthorne, Elizabeth K.

    This document describes four distinct approaches to education in the area of cybersecurity currently taught at community colleges across America. The four broad categories of instruction are: (1) degree program--four semesters of study leading to an associate's degree; (2) certificate program--two semesters leading to an institution-conferred…

  20. Surveying college introductory physics students’ attitudes and approaches to problem solving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Andrew J.; Singh, Chandralekha

    2016-09-01

    Students’ attitudes and approaches to problem solving in physics can greatly impact their actual problem solving practices and also influence their motivation to learn and ultimately the development of expertise. We developed and validated an attitudes and approaches to problem solving (AAPS) survey and administered it to students in the introductory physics courses in a typical large research university in the US. Here, we discuss the development and validation of the survey and analysis of the student responses to the survey questions in introductory physics courses. The introductory physics students’ responses to the survey questions were also compared with those of physics faculty members and physics PhD students. We find that introductory students are in general less expert-like than the physics faculty members and PhD students. Moreover, on some AAPS survey questions, the responses of students and faculty have unexpected trends. Those trends were interpreted via individual interviews, which helped clarify reasons for those survey responses.

  1. SURVEY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS AMONG THE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF ARTS AND SCIENCE COLLEGES IN MANGALORE, INDIA

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    Aneesh Bhat

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND There is paucity of data related to the psychological and physical status of undergraduate college students in India. METHOD The sample consisted of 2708 undergraduate students of various arts and science colleges across the city of Mangalore, Karnataka. The study was approved by Nitte University Institutional Ethics Committee and permission was sought from the concerned colleges. Students were cross-sectionally assessed with a specially constructed semi-structured proforma and SRQ-20 (WHO, which was self-administered by the students after giving the students brief instructions. The score of 6 was taken as cut off for the SRQ screening purpose. The score of 6 and above indicates psychological morbidity and need for further detailed evaluation. RESULTS Of the 2708 participants who took part in the study, 64.1% (n=1736 were females and 35.9% (n=972 were males. The mean age of participants was 18.6±1.15 years. 75.6% students were staying at home. Nearly 7.6% of students were using alcohol or some other form of substances. Percentage of students with SRQ scores of 6 and above was 37.9%, which indicates that those many students were having psychological distress and needed further detailed evaluation psychiatrically. On SRQ individual item score, it was found that 42.8% had regular headaches, 43.3% always felt nervous, worried, and tense, 32.2% felt tired all the time. All these are somatic symptoms of depression in students. Alarming finding was 15.6% of students felt to end their life, which indicates suicidal risk among students and indirectly points towards the unnoticed depression among them. CONCLUSION Our results show that the psychiatric morbidity like depression, suicidal ideation, and somatic symptoms of psychiatric illness is very high among undergraduate college students and needs to be addressed very seriously at institutional level and also at policy level by educational department and colleges.

  2. Survey of Chinese Medicine Students to Determine Research and Evidence-Based Medicine Perspectives at Pacific College of Oriental Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Belinda J; Kligler, Benjamin; Cohen, Hillel W; Marantz, Paul R

    2016-01-01

    Research literacy and the practice of evidence-based medicine (EBM) are important initiatives in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), which requires cultural change within educational institutions for successful implementation. To determine the self-assessed research and EBM perspectives of Chinese medicine Masters degree students at Pacific College of Oriental Medicine, New York campus (PCOM-NY). A survey with 17 close-ended questions and one open-ended question was administered through Survey Monkey to students at PCOM-NY. The survey was sent to 420 Masters students and 176 (41.9%) responded. Students in all four years of the Masters degree indicated a generally high degree of interest in, and support for the value of research. However, increasing years (one to four years) in the program was associated with lower interest in post-graduation research participation and entering the doctoral program, and the fourth year students reported low levels of interest in having greater research content and training in their Masters degree programs. Students who responded to the open-ended question (23% of respondents) expressed enthusiasm for research and concerns about the relevance of research in Chinese medicine. Consistent with findings in similar studies at CAM colleges, interest in research, and EBM of the PCOM-NY Masters students appeared to decline with increasing years in the program. Concerns around paradigm and epistemological issues associated with research and EBM among Chinese medicine students and practitioners warrants further investigation, and may be an important challenge for integrative medicine. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. A Survey on College English Writing in China: A Cultural Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Junhong; Wang, Na

    2015-01-01

    This survey investigates to what degree the Chinese learners know about the discrepancies between Chinese and English thought patterns and their possible effects on English writing. Eighty-one students from North China Electric Power University participate in the survey. Qualitative and quantities approaches, involving the adoption of both…

  4. Surveying college introductory physics students' attitudes and approaches to problem solving

    CERN Document Server

    Mason, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    Students' attitudes and approaches to problem solving in physics can greatly impact their actual problem solving practices and also influence their motivation to learn and ultimately the development of expertise. We developed and validated an attitudes and approaches to problem solving (AAPS) survey and administered it to students in the introductory physics courses in a typical large research university in the US. Here, we discuss the development and validation of the survey and analysis of the student responses to the survey questions in introductory physics courses. The introductory physics students' responses to the survey questions were also compared with those of physics faculty members and physics PhD students. We find that introductory students are in general less expert-like than the physics faculty members and PhD students. Moreover, on some AAPS survey questions, the responses of students and faculty have unexpected trends. Those trends were interpreted via in

  5. Should Colleges Focus More on Personal and Social Responsibility? Initial Findings from Campus Surveys Conducted for the Association of American Colleges and Universities as Part of Its Initiative, Core Commitments: Educating Students for Personal and Social Responsibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonaros, Mary; Barnhardt, Cassie; Holsapple, Matthew; Moronski, Karen; Vergoth, Veronica

    2008-01-01

    On behalf of the Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U), researchers at the University of Michigan's Center for the Study of Higher and Postsecondary Education surveyed 23,000 undergraduate students and 9,000 campus professionals (faculty, academic administrators, and student affairs staff) at 23 institutions participating in…

  6. The Endicott Report: Trends in the Employment of College and University Graduates in Business and Industry. 1978. Thirty-Second Annual Report. A Survey of 202 Well-Known Business and Industrial Concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endicott, Frank S.

    A total of 202 companies responded to a survey of policy and practice in the employment of university and college graduates in business and industry. Among results of the survey were that 54 percent of the respondents indicated that business outlook was better than 1977 and that they planned to contact the same number of colleges as last year. The…

  7. Belief system, meaningfulness, and psychopathology associated with suicidality among Chinese college students: a cross-sectional survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Jiubo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Research suggests that Chinese religious believers are more likely to commit suicide than those identifying as non-religious among rural young adults, contrary to findings in Western countries. However, one cannot conclude that religiosity is associated with elevated suicide risk without examining the effect of political and religious beliefs in a generally atheist country like China where political belief plays a dominant role in the belief system of young adults. The present study investigated the effects of political and religious belief on suicidality with meaningfulness and psychopathology as potential mediators in a large representative sample of Chinese college students. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1390 first-year college students randomly sampled from 10 colleges and universities in mainland China. Results A total of 1168 respondents (84.0% provided complete data on all variables. Lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation, plan, and attempt were 45.1%, 6.8%, and 1.9% respectively, with one-year suicidal ideation showing at 19.3%. Female gender was associated with elevated risk of suicidality. Political belief but not religious belief was associated with decreased suicide risk. A significant interactive effect of political belief and religious belief was found, indicating that for political believers, being religious was associated with decreased suicide risk; for non-political believers, being religious was associated with increased suicide risk. Multi-group structural equation modeling showed that meaningfulness completely mediated and psychopathology partially mediated the effect of belief system on suicidality. Gender differences were found in pathways of political belief by religious beliefs to suicidality and political belief to psychopathology. The coefficients were significant for males but not for females. Conclusions In less religious societies, political belief may serve as a means of

  8. Your Child's Development: 2 Years (24 Months)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Child Too Busy? Helping Your Child Adjust to Preschool School Lunches Kids and Food: 10 Tips for Parents Healthy Habits for TV, Video Games, and the Internet Your Child’s Development: 2 Years (24 Months) KidsHealth > For Parents > Your ...

  9. Follow-Up Survey of Students Who Received a Degree or Certificate from Napa Valley College in the 1983-1984 Academic Year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedlander, Jack

    In winter 1983, a survey of Napa Valley College (NVC) graduates was conducted to determine the percentage of 1983-84 graduates who achieved their goal by the time they left NVC; graduate satisfaction with instructional quality and with the overall quality of NVC; graduate satisfaction with employment or transfer preparation; employment patterns;…

  10. Emergency Contraceptive Pills: A 10-Year Follow-up Survey of Use and Experiences at College Health Centers in the Mid-Atlantic United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Laura McKeller; Sawyer, Robin G.

    2006-01-01

    The authors conducted a 10-year follow-up study using a telephone survey to investigate the availability of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) at college health centers in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. They also examined related issues, such as distribution procedure, existence of a written protocol, personnel involved,…

  11. COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIKITAS, CHRISTUS M.; AND OTHERS

    TO MEET THE STATE'S HIGHER EDUCATION NEEDS, THE NEW HAMPSHIRE JUNIOR COLLEGE COMMISSION DEVELOPED A PLAN OF (1) GRADUAL AND SELECTIVE CONVERSION OF THE STATE'S TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS TO COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES, (2) SELECTIVE ADDITION OF 2-YEAR PROGRAMS AT THE STATE COLLEGES AND INSTITUTES, AND (3) ESTABLISHMENT OF A STATE…

  12. A Survey of Energy Drink Consumption Patterns Among College Students at a Mostly Hispanic University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabezas-Bou, Ernesto; De León-Arbucias, Jeidiel; Matos-Vergara, Nikol; Álvarez-Bagnarol, Yocasta; Ortega-Guzmán, Jesús; Narváez-Pérez, Karla; Cruz-Bermúdez, Nelson D; Díaz-Ríos, Manuel

    2016-12-01

    Background: The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink (ED) consumption patterns among Hispanic college students. We measured the prevalence and frequency of ED consumption according to gender, degree programs, and specific university-related and social situations. In addition, we assessed the frequency of consumption of EDs mixed with alcoholic beverages. Methods: A total of 508 college students from the University of Puerto Rico, the largest Hispanic institution of higher education statewide, completed an online questionnaire. Results: Twenty-one percent of participants reported consuming EDs with the majority consuming EDs either occasionally (every 2-3 months) or at least once or twice a month. Men were found to be more likely to consume EDs than women. Undergraduate students were found less likely to consume EDs than graduate students. Most students consumed EDs while studying and during social activities. More than one-third of participants that consume EDs admitted mixing them with an alcoholic beverage. Graduate students were found to consume EDs mixed with alcohol more often. Conclusions: The majority of students consumed EDs occasionally and while studying. Most side effects reported after consuming EDs were similar to previous findings. The higher consumption of EDs and of EDs mixed with alcohol by students in graduate programs could be explained by a higher and more complex study load requiring longer periods of wakefulness and concentration. Future studies looking at the consumption patterns of EDs in more competitive graduate programs such as medical and/or dentistry school should be considered.

  13. Teaching Managerial Economics in MBA Programs: A Survey of AACSB Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolluri, Bharat; Singamsett, Rao

    2007-01-01

    There is a significant variation in the managerial economics course in terms of the prerequisites, contents and delivery in the MBA programs of AACSB [Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business] institutions. In order to get detailed information on these aspects, we conducted a survey of 275 AACSB institutions and reported the results.…

  14. A Planned Survey Course in British Commonwealth Literature for American College Students. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Robert T.

    To encourage the teaching of British Commonwealth literature to American university students, a broad ranging survey course was designed in which the material was thematically organized. A great body of literature from the 13 countries was scrutinized in order to select 147 representative poems and short stories for an anthology. An effective…

  15. Teaching Managerial Economics in MBA Programs: A Survey of AACSB Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolluri, Bharat; Singamsett, Rao

    2007-01-01

    There is a significant variation in the managerial economics course in terms of the prerequisites, contents and delivery in the MBA programs of AACSB [Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business] institutions. In order to get detailed information on these aspects, we conducted a survey of 275 AACSB institutions and reported the results.…

  16. A Survey of the Situation of College Students' Occupational Self-Determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iupitov, A. V.; Zotov, A. A.

    1998-01-01

    Investigates the situation of students' professional self-determination through a survey of 147 students within history and biology at Kemerovo State University (Russia) focusing on the students' motivations for choosing their future work after the university, self-assessments of academic progress, and perspectives of finding future employment.…

  17. A Survey of Ethics Content in College-Level Remote Sensing Courses in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wetherholt, William A.; Rundquist, Bradley C.

    2010-01-01

    Easier access to submeter imagery has fueled debates over ethical uses of remote sensing. Some have called for ethics instruction to counter undesired uses of the technology. Here, this article reports the results of a survey examining attitudes related to teaching ethics in remote sensing. It was found that 52 percent of respondents teaching…

  18. The Survey on Barriers of Oral English Learning for College Students in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Yuehong; Zhang, Li

    2013-01-01

    With the development of society, oral English teaching and learning has been the top in English teaching and learning in china. This paper reports a survey conducted at North China Electric Power University on the barriers for learners of oral English learning in China. Questionnaires with both close-ended and open-ended questions were distributed…

  19. Colleges Leery of Cuts in Moneymaking Sports, Surveys Find; NCAA Council Eyes Few Reforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Charles S.

    1987-01-01

    A survey shows that officials at universities with big-time sports programs intend to reduce their spending on athletics, but are reluctant to make cuts in football and basketball. The National Collegiate Athletic Association is proposing only a few rule changes for their special convention in June. (MLW)

  20. The Advisor Quality Survey: Good College Advisors Are Available, Knowledgeable, and Autonomy Supportive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheldon, Kennon M.; Garton, Bryan; Orr, Rachael; Smith, Amy

    2015-01-01

    Most US institutions of higher education do not assess advisor quality. We report a scale development effort informed by the developmental prescriptions of self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985, 2000). The 15-item Missouri Advisor Quality Survey assesses advisor knowledge, advisor availability, and advisor autonomy supportiveness.…

  1. A Survey on the Sexual and Contraceptive Behaviors in Chinese Female College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    To get information in the sexual and contraceptive behaviors in Chinese female college students, a randomized cluster sampling was conducted in colleges and universities in Wuhan Area,China, in terms of types of colleges, subjects (literature, sciences, medicines, art etc), and grades etc.A total number of 2450 questionnaires were distributed, with 2365 questionnaires returned being valid. The return rate of valid questionnaires was 96.6%. The questionnaire investigation was conducted on a multiple-choice and anonymous basis. Data were input into computer and SPSS12.0software package was employed for statistical analysis. Among the female students, 1196 had the experiences of hugging and kissing (50.57%) and 423 (17.89%) had sexual experiences (sexual intercourse). The first sexual intercourse took place at the age of 19.23±1.74 y. There were significant differences in the sexual experiences among the majors of different subjects, with the rate of sexual experiences in art majors (43.17%) and high-grade students (34.31%) being the highest. The causes of the first sexual intercourse included sexual impulse, curiosity, intention to strengthen the relationship or to show loyalty to boyfriend and sometimes violence. While the motives of the sexual intercourse within the past one year before the investigation were to satisfy the sexual needs and to strengthen the relation with their boyfriends. With both first intercourse and sexual experiences within last one year,the partners of the sexual intercourse were mainly their boyfriends (95.7% and 97.3% respectively),but the partners also included acquaintances, "one night stand" partners and customers of sex trade.Some of them had multiple sexual partners, with the highest number of the sexual partners being 11.In the first sexual intercourse of the subjects, 44.0% of them did not take any contraceptive measures;only 16.4 % of them used condoms. In the sexual intercourse within the last one year, only 44.6%took

  2. The Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory CO Mapping Survey of the Taurus Molecular Cloud

    CERN Document Server

    Narayanan, Gopal; Brunt, Christopher; Goldsmith, Paul F; Snell, Ronald; Li, Di

    2008-01-01

    The FCRAO Survey of the Taurus Molecular Cloud observed the 12CO and 13CO J=1-0 emission from 98 square degrees of this important, nearby star forming region. This set of data with 45" resolution comprises the highest spatial dynamic range image of an individual molecular cloud constructed to date, and provides valuable insights to the molecular gas distribution, kinematics, and the star formation process. In this contribution, we describe the observations, calibration, data processing, and characteristics of the noise and line emission of the survey. The angular distribution of 12CO and 13CO emission over 1 km/s velocity intervals and the full velocity extent of the cloud are presented. These reveal a complex, dynamic medium of cold, molecular gas.

  3. Number of Physics Faculty in Two-Year Colleges: Results from the 2012 Survey of Physics in Two-Year Colleges. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Susan; Chu, Raymond

    2013-01-01

    In an earlier report, ("Physics Enrollments in Two-Year Colleges," ED547610), Susan White and Raymond Chu examined physics enrollments--both the number of students and the types of classes taught--at the 1,063 two-year college campuses in the US where they believe physics is offered. This "Focus On" considers the faculty…

  4. 汶川地震伤残人员2年后生存质量及影响因素调查%Survey of qual ity of l ife of the disabled in Wenchuan earthquake after 2 years and its influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王定玺; 李小麟; 吴学华; 朱仕超

    2014-01-01

    Obj ective:To know about the quality of life of the disabled in-Wenchuan earthquake stricken area after 2 years,and to analyze its influen-cing factors,so as to provide evidences for the rehabilitation of disabled per-sons and enhance their quality of life.Methods:After 2 years of Wenchuan earthquake,a total of 172 earthquake disabled persons in heavy disaster area were investigated on their quality of life by cross sectional survey,and the survey tool was concise health survey questionnaire (SF 3 6 ).Results:Af-ter 2 years,all mental health related qualty of life scores of quality of life in 172 cases earthquake disabled persons were lower than that of ordinary residents in Sichuan province;physical function score and general health score were higher than that in 1 year after the earthquake,and after 2 years in addition to the social functions,all dimensions scores were lower than that in 1 year after the earthquake (P<0.05).Single factor analysis was carried out for the 9 factors which may impact the quality of life of the earthquake disabled persons,and the results showed that gender,employ-ment status and disability complications had influence on the quality of life. The quality of life of disabled persons who were male and had disability complications and continued to work was higher than that of disabled per-sons who were female,leisure at home and had disability complications. Multivariate analysis of the quality of life of disabled persons in earthquake showed that the influencing factors of physical health related quality of life of disabled persons in earthquakes were:disability complications,disability complications,per capita monthly income,family structure changes;the in-fluencing factors of the earthquake damage residual mental health related quality of life of disabled persons in earthquakes:disability complications and sex.Conclusion:In 2 years after earthquake the quality of life of the earthquake disabled persons was lower than that of the general

  5. Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Play, and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Growth and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Communication and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Childproofing and Preventing Household Accidents Movement, Coordination, and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Sleep and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Your Child's Checkup: 15 Months Your Child's Checkup: 1.5 ...

  6. Survey on risk factors for chronic diseases in college students - doi:10.5020/18061230.2007.p168

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vívian Saraiva Veras

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The study proposed to identify the risk factors for diabetes mellitus (DM, systemic arterial hypertension (HAS and cardiovascular diseases (DCV in college students of a private institution in the city of Fortaleza. Two hundred students joined in the study, being submitted to an evaluation survey, in which were obtained data on: sex, age, history of tobacco use, alcoholism, sedentariness and family antecedents of DM, HAS, hypercholesterolemia and ischemic event. Those that presented three or more risk factors for DM, HAS and DCV being then, directed for accomplishment of anthropometric evaluation, capillary glucose measure and measurement of arterial pressure. The sample consisted of 172 students (128F/44M. The results pointed out that 121 (70.3% of the students did not practice physical activities, 124 (72.1% of the subjects presented family antecedents for DM, 131 (76.2% for HAS, 104 (60.5% for hypercholesterolemia and 91 (52.9% for previous ischemic event, 43 (25% presented overweight and 10 (5.9% first-degree obesity, 30 (17.5% had arterial pressure ? 130/60 mmHg. The results indicate the need for educational programs in the studied institution aiming at health education and prevention of chronic diseases.

  7. A survey of college students' dangerous behaviors on Internet%大学生网络危险行为现状调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章建明; 闵文杰

    2012-01-01

    对大学生网络犯罪行为、网络失德行为、网络受害行为、网络成瘾行为现状的调查发现,大学生各种网络危险行为的发生率从1.72%至10.56%不等,这与大学生性别、年级、学历、专业及所在学校性质等变量有关。网络危险行为会给大学生的健康和生活带来较大程度的损害,因此,高校应有针对性地对大学生开展网络安全教育。%It is a survey of the college students' dangerous behaviors on the Internet such as cyber crime, cyber de- moralization, cyber suffering and Internet addiction. The incidence rates of the college students' dangerous behaviors on Internet ranges from 1.72% to 10.56%, which varies with such factors as the students' gender,grade,major and college type. The dangerous behaviors on Internet bring great harm to the college students' health and life, so it is necessary to conduct the Interact security education in colleges.

  8. A preliminary survey of professionalism teaching practices in anatomy education among Indian Medical Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karunakaran, Ilavenil; Thirumalaikolundusubramanian, Ponniah; Nalinakumari, Sheela Das

    2017-02-06

    Professionalism and ethics have gained widespread recognition as competencies to be fulfilled, taught, and assessed within medical education. The role of the anatomy course in developed nations has evolved over time and now encompasses multiple domains, including knowledge, skills, and the inculcation of professionalism and ethics. The Medical Council of India recently recommended the integration of professionalism teaching in undergraduate medical curricula. The authors investigated whether the initial orientation lectures and instructions given by faculty at the outset of undergraduate medical anatomy courses throughout India served a "hidden curriculum" regarding professionalism practices, and whether these orientation messages could serve as an early exposure to medical professionalism and ethics for medical students. An online survey was carried out among 102 anatomy faculty members across India requesting details about specific professionalism protocols and instructions regarding behavior in the dissection hall that are routinely given to preclinical students, as well as the importance that they placed on professional behavior. It was found that most faculty members regularly instruct students regarding expected behavior during the anatomy course, including dissection practices. These instructions stress attributes of professionalism like humanism, accountability, and honesty. However, there needs to be a more concentrated effort by educators to prohibit such unprofessional practices like dissection hall photography, and better information is required regarding biomedical waste disposal. Despite the absence of clear guidelines for professionalism teaching in medical education in India, the existing framework of anatomy education provides an opportunity to introduce the concept of professionalism to the first-year medical student. This opportunity may provide an early foundation for designing a professionalism-integrated curriculum. Anat Sci Educ. © 2016

  9. A KAP STUDY AND SURVEY OF EATING HABITS AMONG MEDICAL FACULTY AT MEDICAL COLLEGE IN SOUTH INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colonel Jai Prakash (Retd

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nutrition intervention is a component of first step therapy for many common diseases including Cardiovascular Diseases, Diabetes Mellitus and Obesity and its role in health promotion, disease-prevention & treatment of chronic diseases is well recognized. Rationale: Nutrition knowledge plays an important role in public health and also interfaces significantly and relevantly with every field of medicine. However physicians’ knowledge on this issue is not very satisfactory. Objective: The objective of present study was to assess nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices pertaining to eating habits among medical faculty of a medical college of South India and also their feedback on present medical curriculum at MBBS level dealing with dietary issues. Material & Methods : It was a cross-sectional study conducted among almost all faculty members (150 participated in the study voluntarily. Faculty members were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire about KAP and dietary habits through multiple-choice questions based on balanced diet, containing a variety of food in quantities and proportion, derived from green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, milk, curd, egg, pulse, rice and cereals. Results: Nutritional knowledge was 70 % (mean score of correct answers, 78% scored 60-80% marks & 20% scored less than 60% and majority (79.4% of them have healthy eating habits. 40% faculty members were over weight (BMI 23-24.9 and 40% were obese (BMI >25. Most of the members replied that the medical curriculum was inadequate or just adequate in dealing with the dietary issues; 68.6% of them were of the opinion that comprehensive nutrition curriculum is needed; 66% suggested a separate nutrition department. Conclusion: A total 150 members participated in the survey voluntarily. Their nutritional knowledge was found to be 70 % and majority (70.4% of them have healthy eating habit. Most of the members replied that the medical curriculum is

  10. Consultants as victims of bullying and undermining: a survey of Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists consultant experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shabazz, Tariq; Parry-Smith, William; Oates, Sharon; Henderson, Steven; Mountfield, Joanna

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore incidents of bullying and undermining among obstetrics and gynaecology (O&G) consultants in the UK, to add another dimension to previous research and assist in providing a more holistic understanding of the problem in medicine. Design Questionnaire survey. Setting Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG). Participants O&G consultant members/fellows of the RCOG working in the UK. Main outcome measures Measures included a typology of 4 bullying and undermining consequences from major to coping. Results There was a 28% (664) response rate of whom 44% (229) responded that they had been persistently bullied or undermined. Victims responded that bullying and undermining is carried out by those senior or at least close in the hierarchy. Of the 278 consultants who answered the question on ‘frequency of occurrence’, 50% stated that bullying and undermining occurs on half, or more, of all encounters with perpetrators and two-thirds reported that it had lasted more than 3 years. The reported impact on professional and personal life spans a wide spectrum from suicidal ideation, depression and sleep disturbance, and a loss of confidence. Over half reported problems that could compromise patient care. When victims were asked if the problem was being addressed, 73% of those that responded stated that it was not. Conclusions Significant numbers of consultants in O&G in the UK are victims of bullying and undermining behaviour that puts their own health and patient care at risk. New interventions to tackle the problem, rather than its consequences, are required urgently, together with greater commitment to supporting such interventions. PMID:27324715

  11. Digital Community Colleges and the Coming of the "Millenials": Report of Major Findings from the Center for Digital Education's 2004 Digital Community Colleges Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    T.H.E. Journal, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This article presents the executive summary of a report produced by the Center for Digital Education. Investments in digital technologies have helped community colleges across America prepare for the needs and expectations of "millenials," the name given to a generation of 60 million people born between 1979 and 1994, according to the Center for…

  12. Digital Community Colleges and the Coming of the "Millenials": Report of Major Findings from the Center for Digital Education's 2004 Digital Community Colleges Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    T.H.E. Journal, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This article presents the executive summary of a report produced by the Center for Digital Education. Investments in digital technologies have helped community colleges across America prepare for the needs and expectations of "millenials," the name given to a generation of 60 million people born between 1979 and 1994, according to the Center for…

  13. Growth and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Table: Avoiding Power Struggles Toddlers: Learning by Playing Sleep and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Movement, Coordination, and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Learning, Play, and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Your Child's Growth Your Child's Checkup: 1.5 Years (18 Months) ...

  14. Comparing the Impact of Traditional and Modeling College Algebra Courses on Student Performance in Survey of Calculus

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Jerry G.

    2013-01-01

    Students in higher education deserve opportunities to succeed and learning environments which maximize success. Mathematics courses can create a barrier for success for some students. College algebra is a course that serves as a gateway to required courses in many bachelor's degree programs. The content in college algebra should serve to…

  15. What Will They Learn? 2015-16. A Survey of Core Requirements at Our Nation's Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempson, Lauri; Burt, Evan; Bledsoe, Eric; Poliakoff, Michael

    2015-01-01

    At a time when 87% of employers believe that our colleges must raise the quality of students' educations in order for the United States to remain competitive globally, and four in five Americans say they believe all graduates should have to take the key courses outlined in the study, few colleges require a real liberal arts education. "What…

  16. Comparing the Impact of Traditional and Modeling College Algebra Courses on Student Performance in Survey of Calculus

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Jerry G.

    2013-01-01

    Students in higher education deserve opportunities to succeed and learning environments which maximize success. Mathematics courses can create a barrier for success for some students. College algebra is a course that serves as a gateway to required courses in many bachelor's degree programs. The content in college algebra should serve to…

  17. New Cadets and other College Freshmen: Class of 1984,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-01

    96%). E. Cadet self- identification showed some movement to the right from the 1979 to the 1980 survey, with the number of liberals remaining...College 3. Bryn Mawr College 14. Mount Holyoke College 4. Carleton College 15. Oberlin College 5. Colby College 16. Smith College 6. Connecticut College 17

  18. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy: diagnosis and management; a survey of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology fellows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur, Chris; Mahomed, Kassam

    2014-06-01

    Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is an uncommon obstetric condition characterised by intense maternal pruritis and biochemical abnormality. There is a degree of contention regarding the diagnosis and management of ICP, and currently, there are no nationally accepted guidelines. To conduct a survey of Fellows and Members of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) regarding their diagnosis and management ICP. An online survey of currently practising RANZCOG Fellows and Members, utilising Survey Monkey. Thirty percent of those sent the survey responded, comprising approximately 40% of practising obstetricians. Fasting bile acid and serum transaminase elevation in association with the characteristic itch define the disease process for the majority of respondents and also inform management decisions. There was no critical level of bile acid elevation that mandated treatment for the majority of respondents. Nearly 90% of respondents induce women with ICP at 37-38 completed weeks of pregnancy, due to concerns regarding possible fetal demise. About one-third of respondents refer to the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) Green-top Guideline to advise their decision-making process, and a similar proportion use local or hospital-based guidelines. Elevated fasting bile acids and abnormal liver function tests define the diagnosis and inform management of ICP by Australian obstetricians. Routine induction of labour for patients with ICP at 37-38 completed weeks of pregnancy is widely practised in Australia. An evidence-based guideline would assist clinicians who manage such cases in Australia. © 2014 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

  19. Cyberbullying in College

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos P. Zalaquett; SeriaShia J. Chatters

    2014-01-01

    Cyberbullying is commonly presented as affecting K-12 populations. Current research suggests cyberbullying continues in college. A diverse sample of 613 university students was surveyed to study their cyberbullying experiences in high school and college. Nineteen percent of the sample reported being a victim of cyberbullying in college and 35% of this subsample reported being cyberbullied in high school. Additional fin...

  20. Survey of animal welfare, animal behavior, and animal ethics courses in the curricula of AVMA Council on Education-accredited veterinary colleges and schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shivley, Chelsey B; Garry, Franklyn B; Kogan, Lori R; Grandin, Temple

    2016-05-15

    OBJECTIVE To explore the extent to which veterinary colleges and schools accredited by the AVMA Council on Education (COE) have incorporated specific courses related to animal welfare, behavior, and ethics. DESIGN Survey and curriculum review. SAMPLE All 49 AVMA COE-accredited veterinary colleges and schools (institutions). PROCEDURES The study consisted of 2 parts. In part 1, a survey regarding animal welfare, behavior, and ethics was emailed to the associate dean of academic affairs at all 49 AVMA COE-accredited institutions. In part 2, the curricula for the 30 AVMA COE-accredited institutions in the United States were reviewed for courses on animal behavior, ethics, and welfare. RESULTS Seventeen of 49 (35%) institutions responded to the survey of part 1, of which 10 offered a formal animal welfare course, 9 offered a formal animal behavior course, 8 offered a formal animal ethics course, and 5 offered a combined animal welfare, behavior, and ethics course. The frequency with which courses on animal welfare, behavior, and ethics were offered differed between international and US institutions. Review of the curricula for the 30 AVMA COE-accredited US institutions revealed that 6 offered a formal course on animal welfare, 22 offered a formal course on animal behavior, and 18 offered a formal course on animal ethics. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results suggested that AVMA COE-accredited institutions need to provide more formal education on animal welfare, behavior, and ethics so veterinarians can be advocates for animals and assist with behavioral challenges.

  1. SURVEY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    SURVEY er en udbredt metode og benyttes inden for bl.a. samfundsvidenskab, humaniora, psykologi og sundhedsforskning. Også uden for forskningsverdenen er der mange organisationer som f.eks. konsulentfirmaer og offentlige institutioner samt marketingsafdelinger i private virksomheder, der arbejder...... med surveys. Denne bog gennemgår alle surveyarbejdets faser og giver en praktisk indføring i: • design af undersøgelsen og udvælgelse af stikprøver, • formulering af spørgeskemaer samt indsamling og kodning af data, • metoder til at analysere resultaterne...

  2. Prevalence of overweight and obesity, and dieting attitudes among Caucasian and African American college students in Eastern North carolina: A cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sira, Natalia; Pawlak, Roman

    2010-02-01

    A cross-sectional survey was used to investigate the rates of overweight and obesity (BMI >/= 25), and eating attitudes among college students. Data were collected at a large southeastern university. Adolescents (ages 18-25) self-reported weight and height (to calculate BMI), and, in addition to demographic information, completed the eating attitudes (EAT 26) scale to assess dieting tendencies. Significance of the mean BMI differences between gender and ethnic background were assessed by one-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA). Chi-square was used to determine whether the rate of those with BMI>/=25 between gender and ethnic background was statistically significant. While 52.7% of the students' BMI were within the normal weight category, 15.2% were underweight, 21.3% were overweight, and 10.8% were obese. The rate of BMI>/=25 differed by gender and ethnicity, with males and African Americans having higher rates. About 12 % of the participants reported disturbed eating behavior, which is lower than previously reported. Even so, results support the generally held belief that disturbed eating attitudes and unhealthy dieting are common among college students, especially among females. At the same time, disturbed eating attitudes are not just the domain of young female students; about 10% of college males reported disturbed eating attitudes. Findings of this study call for obesity prevention/intervention and lifestyle modification outreach programs among college students. Weight status and unhealthy eating behaviors of college students should be a concern to health care professionals. While obese young adults will likely remain obese throughout their adult life, excessive dieting among students, which is linked to eating disorders and other health hazards, does not provide healthy and adequate alternatives for maintaining a normal BMI. Implications for obesity prevention programs are discussed.

  3. Survey Says

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Susan K.

    2005-01-01

    Survey Says is a lesson plan designed to teach college students how to access Internet resources for valid data related to the sexual health of young people. Discussion questions based on the most recent available data from two national surveys, the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance-United States, 2003 (CDC, 2004) and the National Survey of…

  4. Investigating Sophomore Student Success: The National Survey of Sophomore-Year Initiatives and the Sophomore Experiences Survey, 2014. Research Reports on College Transitions No. 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Dallin George; Schreiner, Laurie A.; McIntosh, Eric J.

    2015-01-01

    Less is known about the second college year compared to other transition points, and fewer high-impact initiatives and curricular programs tend to be offered to sophomores. To increase our knowledge of this important, but sometimes neglected, year on the collegiate journey, "Investigating Sophomore Student Success" presents findings from…

  5. Investigating Sophomore Student Success: The National Survey of Sophomore-Year Initiatives and the Sophomore Experiences Survey, 2014. Research Reports on College Transitions No. 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Dallin George; Schreiner, Laurie A.; McIntosh, Eric J.

    2015-01-01

    Less is known about the second college year compared to other transition points, and fewer high-impact initiatives and curricular programs tend to be offered to sophomores. To increase our knowledge of this important, but sometimes neglected, year on the collegiate journey, "Investigating Sophomore Student Success" presents findings from…

  6. College Students' Life Satisfaction Survey and Analysis--Take a Normal College as an example%大学生生活满意度调查与分析--以某师范学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈梅; 徐速; 蔡景西

    2014-01-01

    The student population is the hope for the future, is the driving force of state and national development, it is vital of their life satisfaction. So college life satisfaction survey has important significance. In this paper, a selected Anhui Normal University surveyed 195 college students, the"Students' Life Satisfaction Scale", examines the differences between subjects on life satisfaction in different grades, gender, profession and family background.%大学生群体是未来的希望,是国家和民族发展的动力,他们对生活的满意程度至关重要。因此对大学生的生活满意度调查有重要的意义。本文选取了安徽某师范学院195名大学生为调查对象,采用“大学生生活满意度量表”,考察了不同年级、性别、专业和家庭背景的被试在生活满意度上的差异。

  7. A survey of college students' Internet use based on questionnaire in six colleges in Nanchang City%大学生网络使用情况的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章颖; 蒋冲; 张伟

    2011-01-01

    By means of questionnaire,we conducted a survey of college students' Internet use in six colleges in Nanchang City.During the survey,about 1200 students were chosen by random to answer the questions we designed.We found that the Internet-surfing time,the cyber-love experience,the cost of Internet access are positively correlated to the degree of Internet dependence,while the time on outdoor activities is negatively correlated to the Internet dependence.We put forward some suggestions concerning the proper use of Internet among college students.%通过问卷对南昌地区六所本科院校的1 200名大学生的网络使用情况进行调查,发现平均每天上网的时间、网恋的经历、上网费用的预算与网络依赖的程度存在显著的正相关关系,每周户外运动次数与网络依赖程度存在显著的负相关关系。同时,大部分大学生的上网动机为娱乐和游戏,上网的地点基本集中在寝室和校内的网吧,上网的时间段为18:00~23:00之间。根据调查情况,对大学生健康使用网络提出了相应的建议。

  8. Customer satisfaction in anatomic pathology. A College of American Pathologists Q-Probes study of 3065 physician surveys from 94 laboratories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarbo, Richard J; Nakhleh, Raouf E; Walsh, Molly

    2003-01-01

    Measurement of physicians' and patients' satisfaction with laboratory services has recently become a requirement of health care accreditation agencies in the United States. To our knowledge, this is the first customer satisfaction survey of anatomic pathology services to provide a standardized tool and benchmarks for subsequent measures of satisfaction. This Q-Probes study assessed physician satisfaction with anatomic pathology laboratory services and sought to determine characteristics that correlate with a high level of physician satisfaction. In January 2001, each laboratory used standardized survey forms to assess physician customer satisfaction with 10 specific elements of service in anatomic pathology and an overall satisfaction rating based on a scale of rankings from a 5 for excellent to a 1 for poor. Data from up to 50 surveys returned per laboratory were compiled and analyzed by the College of American Pathologists. A general questionnaire collected information about types of services offered and each laboratory's quality assurance initiatives to determine characteristics that correlate with a high level of physician satisfaction. Hospital-based laboratories in the United States (95.8%), as well as others from Canada and Australia. Ninety-four voluntary subscriber laboratories in the College of American Pathologists Q-Probes quality improvement program participated in this survey. Roughly 70% of respondents were from hospitals with occupied bedsizes of 300 or less, 65% were private nonprofit institutions, just over half were located in cities, one third were teaching hospitals, and 19% had pathology residency training programs. Overall physician satisfaction with anatomic pathology and 10 selected aspects of the laboratory service (professional interaction, diagnostic accuracy, pathologist responsiveness to problems, pathologist accessibility for frozen section, tumor board presentations, courtesy of secretarial and technical staff, communication of

  9. Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Old Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old KidsHealth > For Parents > Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old ... A The toddler months continue to bring the medical challenges of colds , scrapes and bruises, and other ...

  10. Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Old Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old KidsHealth > For Parents > Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Print A ... calories. Your toddler will continue to explore self-feeding, first with fingers and then with utensils at ...

  11. Community College Employee Wellness Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, L. Jay; Johnson, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the prevalence and characteristics of employee wellness programs in public community colleges accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). A random sample of 250 public community colleges accredited by SACS was mailed a 46-item employee-wellness program survey. The survey solicited program information…

  12. Survey and Thinking on Interpersonal Communication among College Students%大学生人际交往现状的调查与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雷

    2012-01-01

    人际交往能力在大学生的整体素质中占有非常重要的地位,其发展水平直接影响到大学生的全面发展。通过对重庆市五所高校392名大学生的问卷调查发现,当前大学生在人际交往中存在着诸如交往动机过于功利、交往能力不强、缺乏交往的主动性和交往技巧等问题。因此,高校应引导大学生树立以人为本的交往观,培养其自主负责的道德习惯,并营造和谐的校园文化环境,以不断提升大学生的人际交往能力,构建良好的人际关系。%Interpersonal skills play a very important role in the overall qualities of college students, their level of development directly affect the comprehensive development of college students. Through a questionnaire survey of 392 students in five colleges and universities in Chongqing City, there are some problems of students in interpersonal communication, for example, which is too utilitarian, and ability is not strong, lack of communication initiative and communication skills. Therefore, universities should guide students to establish con- tacts with people-centered concept, develop their autonomy and responsible moral habits, and create a harmonious campus culture environment to enhance college students'interpersonal skills, and build good relationships.

  13. What Will They Learn? 2014-15. A Survey of Core Requirements at Our Nation's Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempson, Lauri; Lewin, Greg; Burt, Evan; Poliakoff, Michael

    2014-01-01

    A college education is rightly part of the American Dream. It is seen as the ticket to success in career and community, a credential that repays the investment of time and money in higher education that students, families, and taxpayers make. In "What Will They Learn?"™ the authors take as a premise that the core purpose of attending…

  14. The Role of Character in the Hiring Process: A Pilot Study Survey of College Seniors' Potential Employers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firmin, Michael; Proemmel, Elizabeth; McDivitt, Sarah; Evens, Jennifer; Gibbs, Lew

    2009-01-01

    We surveyed 31 prospective employers (65% response rate) regarding their views on character as part of the employment selection process. The results showed character qualities superordinate, relative to skills that prospective employees bring to potential jobs. We discuss survey results in light of business educators' responsibility for helping…

  15. Clinical features and management of equine post operative ileus (POI): Survey of Diplomates of the American Colleges of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM), Veterinary Surgeons (ACVS) and Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care (ACVECC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefebvre, D; Hudson, N P H; Elce, Y A; Blikslager, A; Divers, T J; Handel, I G; Tremaine, W H; Pirie, R S

    2016-11-01

    A recent survey of European Colleges (European College of Equine Internal Medicine [ECEIM] and European College of Veterinary Surgeons [ECVS]) revealed the different strategies implemented by, and some of the challenges facing, European clinicians presented with cases of post operative ileus (POI). It was concluded that further comparative analysis of opinions, canvassed from additional colleges of equine veterinary specialism worldwide, would provide valuable additional insight into current POI knowledge on a more global scale. To report and compare the current strategies favoured by American veterinary specialists when managing POI in horses that underwent emergency colic surgery. Cross-sectional survey. Electronic invitations were sent to 814 Large Animal specialists, including 3 colleges: the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM), American College of Veterinary Surgeons (ACVS) and the American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care (ACVECC). The response rate was 14% (115/814). The majority of respondents (68%) reported an estimated prevalence range of POI of 0-20%. The presence of reflux on nasogastric intubation was the main criterion used to define POI. A lesion involving the small intestine was considered the main risk factor for POI. Anti-inflammatory drugs, intravenous (i.v.) fluids and antimicrobial drugs were the primary strategies used when managing POI. Flunixin meglumine and i.v. lidocaine were the drugs most commonly used in the treatment of horses with POI. Supplementary management strategies targeted mainly the prevention of post operative adhesions, infection and inflammation. There is a lack of consensus on the clinical definition of POI. Prospective and objective clinical assessment of the effectiveness of the different strategies contained within this and the European survey is necessary in order to identify a standardised approach to the management of equine POI. © 2015 EVJ Ltd.

  16. A Survey of College Students' Religious Belief in Shandong Province%山东省大学生宗教信仰情况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宗新; 牛喜霞; 邓尚民; 张晓连; 房士江; 宋佳

    2011-01-01

    大学生的宗教信仰不仅是当前具有重要现实意义的社会问题,也是当前大学生理想信念教育重点关注的问题。该研究对山东省大学生的宗教信仰状况进行了调查研究,结果显示:信教大学生的绝对数量不多,其信仰呈多元化趋势,仍以信仰佛教为主;大部分学生对宗教的本质、宗教与科学的关系、宗教与迷信的关系能给出合理的选择;大部分学生对我国的宗教政策和高校宗教教育有正确的认识。但在不信教的学生中有不少学生明确表示自己"信运气"、"信金钱",这些现象应该引起高校教育工作者和相关部门的高度重视。%College students' religious belief is not only a social problem with important significance at present, but also the focus of college students' education of ideal and belief. The result of this survey of college students' religious belief in Shandong province shows that the absolute quantity of religious students is not large, and Buddhism is the main religion in students but their belief tends to be various and multiple. Most students can make reasonable choice on the questions such as the nature of religion, the relationship between religion and science, the relationship between religion and superstition. Most students have clear understand- ing of China' s religion policies and religious education in universities and colleges. But among those non - re- ligious students, some of them definitely claim that they believe "luck" or "money" etc. Great attention should be given to these phenomena by college teaching staff and related departments.

  17. The Guizhou province college students' psychological flexible survey%贵州省大学生心理弹性的现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰文杰; 韦瑶; 陈凯珊; 张静伟

    2013-01-01

    In order to understand the status quo and development trend of college students in Guizhou Province, mental flexibility, to better promote the development of students' psychological health of Guizhou Province, this study Huyue Qin and Gan Yiqun preparation the adolescent mental toughness Scale, five colleges and universities in Guizhou Provincefreshman to senior students conducted a survey. The results showed that; Guizhou Province of the overall situation of college students'psychological flexibility in the middle a bit more on the level; In a different gender, home location, whether the only college students in Guizhou Province under the different professions, different grades variable psychological flexibility results significant; Whether the single-parent families, different ethnic groups, whether for college students in Guizhou Province the student cadres variable under psychological flexibility results significantly.%为了了解贵州省大学生心理弹性的现状和发展趋势,更好地促进贵州省大学生心理健康的发展,本研究采用胡月琴和甘怡群编制的《青少年心理韧性量表》,对贵州省5所高校大一至大四的学生进行了调查.结果表明:贵州省大学生心理弹性的整体情况处于中等略偏上的水平;在不同性别、家庭所在地、是否独生、不同专业、不同年级变量下的贵州省大学生心理弹性结果显著;在是否单亲家庭、不同民族、是否为学生干部变量下的贵州省大学生心理弹性结果不显著.

  18. Balance of academic responsibilities of clinical track pharmacy faculty in the United States: a survey of select American College of Clinical Pharmacy Practice and Research Network Members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nutescu, Edith A; Engle, Janet P; Bathija, Sacheeta; Grim, Shellee A; Chan, Juliana; Mucksavage, Jeffrey J; Ohler, Kirsten H; Tesoro, Eljim P; Thielke, James J; Shapiro, Nancy L; Donnelly, Andrew J; Garofalo, John; DiDomenico, Robert J

    2014-12-01

    To characterize the balance of clinical and academic responsibilities of clinical track pharmacy faculty in the United States and evaluate organizational structures that promote satisfactory balance between these responsibilities. Prospective cross-sectional survey. A 22-item online survey was developed and distributed via Qualtrics software. Clinical faculty members of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy Adult Medicine, Ambulatory Care, Cardiology, Critical Care, Gastrointestinal/Liver/Nutrition, Immunology/Transplantation, Infectious Disease, and Pediatrics Practice and Research Networks (PRNs) were invited to participate via the PRN electronic mailing list. The survey comprised questions related to demographics, organizational structure, and balance of clinical and academic responsibilities. A total of 344 participants responded to some or all of the survey questions. The demographics were relatively equally balanced between faculty at state and private academic institutions, academic rank, and practice setting. Expected and actual effort allocations were similar for each of the clinical and academic responsibilities, with direct patient care and clinical teaching representing more than 50% effort allocation cumulatively. Clinical faculty at state institutions devoted a larger proportion of time to clinical service, whereas clinical faculty at private institutions devoted a greater proportion of time to didactic teaching. When asked about time constraints, 157 (69.8%) of the 225 survey participants responding to this question did not believe they had sufficient time to fulfill their nonclinical academic needs. Clinical faculty who were provided "protected time" away from clinical service had a significantly more favorable opinion of this question. Most of the clinical track pharmacy faculty indicated that they have insufficient time to fulfill their nonclinical academic responsibilities. Provision of protected time may alleviate some of these time

  19. The Survival of the Two Year College (!?!).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkwood, Robert

    Issues that are basic to the present and future well being of 2-year colleges are discussed. These issues concern the need for 2-year colleges to rid themselves of their inferiority complex and to provide: broadened possibilities for curricular development; opportunity for helping people of all ages and background fulfill their educational needs;…

  20. 高职大学生社会支持现状的调查研究%Survey on Social Support Status Quo of Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙克波

    2014-01-01

    采用肖水源的社会支持量表,以618名高职大学生为研究对象,调查分析了高职大学生社会支持现状,结果表明:是独生子的高职大学生客观支持得分显著高于非独生子的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生,非独生子的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于独生子,是班干部的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持利用度得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生支持总分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持总分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生。结论:高职大学生的社会支持呈现一定的特点,受其生源地、是否为独生子女、是否为班干部等因素的影响。对高职大学生开展心理健康教育时,要充分考虑其社会支持程度的差异性,鼓励其积极主动获取社会支持。%This survey employs Xiao Shuiyuan’s social support scaling method and uses 618 higher vocational col-lege students as research objects to survey and analyze social support status quo of college students. The result shows that the objective support score of higher vocational college students who are only child is higher than non -only child significantly;the subjective support score of higher vocational college students whose origins are cities is much higher than those from rural areas;the subjective support score of the non - only child is far higher than the only - child;the subjective support score of class leaders is even higher than those who are not class leaders;the support availability score of class leaders is significantly higher than those who are not class leaders;the total sup-port score of those from cities is higher than those from rural areas;the total support score of class leaders is

  1. Survey of Higher Vocational College Students' Internet Use and Addiction%大专生网络使用及成瘾状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周芳

    2012-01-01

    By surveying 1200 higher vocational college students' Internet use and addiction,the article discovers that surfing the Internet has already become college students' major recreation.The college students' use of Internet is more for entertainment than for instrument.Most of the students can use the Internet reasonably,but 4%-5% of the students overuse the Internet and have developed Internet addiction.The educators should conduct preventative education of Internet addiction to the students,effectively interfere the students with Internet addiction,and build up the online education platform so as to exert Internet's positive effects by eliminating its negative influence.%该文通过对1200名高职高专在校学生的网络使用情况和网络成瘾状况的调查,发现上网已经成为大学生业余生活的主要活动方式,学生对网络的使用娱乐性大于工具性,绝大多数学生能健康地使用网络,约4%-5%的学生存在过度使用网络而成瘾的症状。教育者要对学生进行网络成瘾的预防性教育,并通过对已经网络成瘾的学生进行有效的干预和建设网络教育平台,消除网络的负面影响,发挥它正面的积极作用。

  2. A Cross-Comparative Survey of Information Seeking and Scanning About Drug-Related Sources and Topics Among U.S. and Israeli College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Ying; Ahn, Jisoo; Lewis, Nehama; Martinez, Lourdes S

    2017-08-01

    There is an increasing amount of drug-related information that is easily accessible from media and interpersonal sources. Recent research shows significant positive associations between information acquisition and nonmedical drug use intentions among college students. This study examines information about amphetamines and marijuana that was actively searched ("seeking") as well as information that was encountered during routine media use ("scanning"). Data are drawn from a cross-national comparative survey of college students in the United States (N = 734) and in Israel (N = 800). U.S. participants reported seeking and scanning information about marijuana across a broader range of sources than Israeli participants. Among U.S. and Israeli participants, the most frequently searched marijuana-related topics included the benefits of marijuana, negative effects of marijuana use, and political reasons why marijuana should be legal. Participants from both countries reported the benefits of amphetamines, and the negative effects of amphetamine use as the most frequently searched topics about amphetamines. Participants in both countries identified the internet and friends as the most popular sources of drug-related information and noted that physicians, friends, and the internet were the most trusted sources. Implications for research on information seeking and health communication are discussed.

  3. 关于大学生幸福感问题的调查与分析%Survey and Analysis of Happiness of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄建榕; 刘茜

    2012-01-01

      随着社会的加速发展,当代大学生面临着更加严峻的学习、就业、情感、人际关系等多方面的压力。他们对幸福的理解与追求也发生了变化。通过调查,发现大学生整体幸福感状况良好,但也存在偏差。基于调查,提出了大学生幸福感的营造方案。%  With the accelerated development of the society , college students are facing with more and more severe pressures such as learning , employment, emotion, interpersonal relationship.The pursuit of happiness also chan-ges.Through investigation, the author found that the overall well -being of colleges is in good condition , but there are deviations.Based on the survey, this paper puts forward some proposals to enhance students ’ sense of happi-ness.

  4. 高校教师工作满意度的调查研究%A Survey of Teachers' Job satisfaction in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭亚; 徐建平

    2011-01-01

    In order to improve teachers' job satisfaction in colleges and universities, the article adopts questionnaire survey and interviewing method to make a study on it. The findings are as follows: The overall situation of teachers' job satisfaction is relatively good; teachers with different professional qualifications, in different sexes and of different subjects have obvious differences in job satisfaction; teachers with different teaching ages and educational levels have indistinctive differences in job satisfaction. According to some findings, the article puts forward some suggests to heighten teachers' job satisfaction in colleges and universities.%文章运用问卷法和访谈法对高校教师工作满意度进行了调查研究。调查得出:高校教师工作满意度的总体状况较好:不同职称、性别、学科的高校教师的工作满意度有显著性差异;不同教龄、学历的教师在工作满意度上无显著性差异。根据调查结果,提出建议来提高高校教师的工作满意度。

  5. A Survey on Ideological Status of Freshmen before Entering the College%大学新生入学前思想状况调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛宏伟

    2012-01-01

    为了更好地了解大学新生的心理、学习、生活等基本状况,更有针对性地做好学生思政工作,使入学教育有的放矢,对某院校2011级新生进行了此次问卷调查。并提出了相应的建议,包括扩大问卷调查的影响和效用;针对90后学生的特点,要思考运用新的教育方法;加强学生的宗教法律法规意识,打击校内非法宗教活动;引领新生做好生涯规划。提高自我管理能力;加强爱情观教育。%This survey is conducted to deepen our understand about college freshmen's basic situation of learning, campus life, psychological condition and so on, furthermore, to strengthen effective student entrance education, especially for ideological and political education. We investigated 5145 freshmen who entered university in 2011, and put forward the corre- sponding proposal: broadening the influence and efficiency of the survey; directing at the student who birth after 1990, it must think to use teaching notions; enhancing the religion laws and regulations consciousness of the students; striking illegal religious activities in the college;leading freshmen to complete career program,and raiseing self- managerial ability; enhancing the education of opinion of lover.

  6. Prosthodontic program directors' perceptions regarding implant placement by prosthodontic residents: a 2004 survey conducted by the Educational Policy Subcommittee of the American College of Prosthodontists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukotjo, Cortino; Arbree, Nancy S

    2008-12-01

    In 2004, a survey regarding implant placement by prosthodontic residents was conducted by the Educational Policy Subcommittee of the American College of Prosthodontists (ACP). The aim of the survey was to assess the current trends in implant curricula at advanced graduate prosthodontics programs in the United States and Canada and determine the issues surrounding surgical implant training for prosthodontic residents. The survey was mailed to the prosthodontic/maxillofacial prosthetic program directors of the 59 prosthodontic graduate programs in the United States and Canada in 2004. Of these, 27 program directors replied, yielding a response rate of 46%. Of the replying programs, 43% either required residents to place or offered the option to have residents place implants. Forty-four percent reported that residents participate by functioning as first assistants for some of their implant patients, 40% have a specific curriculum to train residents in implant placement, 50% reported not having any institutional barriers that prevent program directors from training prosthodontic residents in implant placement, 51% provide implant training using plastic jaws, and 66% of the programs required residents to observe implant surgery in the clinic before they are permitted to place implants. Of prosthodontic residents who treated implant-related patients, the majority treated 11 to 20 patients during their residency. In 2004, 40% of program directors were not trained in the placement of dental implants, and if they did have the implant training, the majority (82%) stated that the nature of their training was 1- to 3-day course(s). This survey showed that implant dentistry has become an integral part of the postgraduate prosthodontic curriculum. The trends to incorporate implant placement into the postgraduate prosthodontic curriculum were already evident prior to 2004. To address the demand for implant treatment in patient care and enhance surgical implant knowledge, the ACP

  7. Survey on Vocational College Students' Belief Education%论高职院校学生信仰教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑爱红

    2012-01-01

    Due to the quality of students decline, complexity culture and lack of faith education strength, higher vocational college students' belief is experiencing weakness, confusion, shake or tracing. Higher vocational colleges should construct a belief education system with higher vocational characteristics, actively cultivate the scientific view of life, view of value, shape the scientific rationality to the beliefs of the senior skilled talents for socialist construction with Chinese characteristics, to provide powerful spiritual prop.%由于生源素质下降、文化多元复杂以及自身信仰教育实力不足等原因,高职院校学生信仰正在经历着乏力、迷茫、动摇或探寻的过程。高职院校应构建具有中国特色的信仰教育体系,积极培育科学的人生观、价值观,塑造富有理性、科学向上信仰的高级技能型人才。

  8. Cyberbullying in College

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos P. Zalaquett

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Cyberbullying is commonly presented as affecting K-12 populations. Current research suggests cyberbullying continues in college. A diverse sample of 613 university students was surveyed to study their cyberbullying experiences in high school and college. Nineteen percent of the sample reported being a victim of cyberbullying in college and 35% of this subsample reported being cyberbullied in high school. Additional findings and practical implications are presented.

  9. The Student Storm Survey©: College Students' Thoughts on Their University's Response to a Natural Disaster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenthal, Gary T.; Boudreaux, Monique; Boudreaux, Dwight L.; Soignier, R. D.; Folse, Earl; Frias, Tracey; Soper, Barlow

    2014-01-01

    Hurricanes Gustav and Ike devastated the region that our University serves. Near the start of the semester, only one of the ten scheduled class days could be completed and administrators asked students and faculty to "continue the learning process" online via Blackboard©, our Electronic Delivery System (EDS). The Student Storm Survey©…

  10. From Zero to Sixty: A Survey of College Writing Teachers' Grading Practices and the Affect of Failed Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babb, Jacob; Corbett, Steven J.

    2016-01-01

    Drawing on results from a survey distributed nationally through the WPA and WCenter listservs, we examine the affective aspect of failure in teachers' responses to student writing, aiming to pinpoint teachers' perceptions of why students fail. Overall, we posit that writing studies needs to pay closer attention to teachers' emotional responses to…

  11. 高职大学生社会兼职状况调查与创业教育引导——基于广州某高职学院的问卷调查%Survey on Status of Vocational College Students Doing Part-time Jobs and Entrepreneurship Education Guidance --Based on A Survey of Vocational College Students in Guangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳大胜

    2012-01-01

    社会兼职是大学生充实业余生活的重要选择,也可能是获取创业必要经验和能力的重要途径。文章通过对广州某高职学院大学生的社会兼职现状抽样调查,分析发现其创业经验和能力的收获甚微。因此,建议加强创业教育,完善创业教育引导机制,从而提高高职大学生创业能力。%For college students, social part-time activity is an important part for the enrichment of their life. It is also an important way to accumulate the necessary entrepreneurial experience and ability which is needed for students to open a career. Through a sample survey on students of a vocational college in Guangzhou, this paper analyzes students' social part-time status and comes to a conclusion that they have gained little entrepreneurial experience and capacity. In this sense, this paper suggests that in order to improve vocational college students' entrepreneurial capacity, entreprenenrship education must be strengthened, especially the guiding mechanism of entrepreneurship education.

  12. Determinants of Willingness to Pay for an Urban Green Area: A Contingent Valuation Survey of College Students

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Bonaventura Forleo; Nicola Gagliardi; Luca Romagnoli

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study is to identify factors affecting young people’s willingness to pay (WTP) for the conservation of an urban green area. A questionnaire survey, based on the Contingent Valuation method, was administered to a sample of students enrolled at the University of Molise (Italy). We examine the determinants of WTP for use and non-use values, visitors’ profiles, socioeconomic characteristics and environmental attitudes. We detect factors affecting WTP decisions through logistic regr...

  13. Survey on the Immunization Status of Category B Vaccine among Children Aged 1 to 2 Years in China%中国1~2岁儿童第二类疫苗接种现况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑景山; 曹玲生; 王华庆; 曹雷; 郭世成; 阿克忠; 王雷; 余文周; 袁平; 姜柯羽; 张国民

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解中国(未包含香港、澳门特别行政区和台湾地区,下同)1~2岁儿童第二类疫苗的接种特征,为规范管理第二类疫苗提供参考.方法 在31个省(自治区、直辖市)和新疆生产建设兵团各随机抽取一个县(区、市、旗、师,下同),在调查县采用按容量比例概率抽样法,入户调查1岁、2岁各75名儿童的第二类疫苗接种情况.结果 共调查4681名1岁、2岁儿童,2875名(61.42%)接种过第二类疫苗;其中接种水痘减毒活疫苗、b型流行性感冒(流感)嗜血杆菌结合疫苗、口服轮状病毒减毒活疫苗、流感疫苗、7价肺炎球菌结合疫苗5种儿童常用第二类疫苗的比例,分别为46.93%、45.31%、23.67%、17.47%和9.91%:接种替代免疫规划的乙型肝炎疫苗、脊髓灰质炎灭活疫苗、无细胞百日咳-白喉-破伤风联合疫苗、麻疹-流行性腮腺炎-风疹联合减毒活疫苗、A+C群脑膜炎球菌多糖结合疫苗、流行性乙型脑炎灭活疫苗、甲型肝炎灭活疫苗等第二类疫苗的比例,分别为0.70%、0.53%、7.67%、2.26%、5.70%、2.34%、11.66%.经济发展较快地区儿童接种第二类疫苗比例较高;需要全程接种多剂次的第二类疫苗免疫程序执行的完整性较差.结论 中国1~2岁儿童第二类疫苗的预防接种服务较为普遍,需要规范第二类疫苗预防接种服务管理.%Objective To analysis the immunization status of category B vaccine (chargeable vaccine) among children aged 1 to 2 years, and to provide reference for the management of category B vaccine. Methods 150 children aged 1 to 2 years from each selected county were investigated by probability proportional to size ( PPS) sampling method, to understand their immunization status for category B vaccine. Results 61.41% (2875) of 4681 children aged 1-2 years old received category B vaccines. Among 4681 children, the coverage of varicella attenuated live vaccine

  14. Mentorship needs at academic institutions in resource-limited settings: a survey at makerere university college of health sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nakwagala Fred

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mentoring is a core component of medical education and career success. There is increasing global emphasis on mentorship of young scientists in order to train and develop the next leaders in global health. However, mentoring efforts are challenged by the high clinical, research and administrative demands. We evaluated the status and nature of mentoring practices at Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MAKCHS. Methods Pre-tested, self-administered questionnaires were sent by email to all Fogarty alumni at the MAKCHS (mentors and each of them was requested to complete and email back the questionnaire. In addition to training level and number of mentors, the questionnaires had open-ended questions covering themes such as; status of mentorship, challenges faced by mentors and strategies to improve and sustain mentorship within MAKCHS. Similarly, open-ended questionnaires were sent and received by email from all graduate students (mentees registered with the Uganda Society for Health Scientists (USHS. Qualitative data from mentors and mentees was analyzed manually according to the pre-determined themes. Results Twenty- two out of 100 mentors responded (14 email and 8 hard copy responses. Up to 77% (17/22 of mentors had Master's-level training and only 18% (4/22 had doctorate-level training. About 40% of the mentors had ≥ two mentees while 27% had none. Qualitative results showed that mentors needed support in terms of training in mentoring skills and logistical/financial support to carry out successful mentorship. Junior scientists and students reported that mentorship is not yet institutionalized and it is currently occurring in an adhoc manner. There was lack of awareness of roles of mentors and mentees. The mentors mentioned the limited number of practicing mentors at the college and thus the need for training courses and guidelines for faculty members in regard to mentorship at academic institutions. Conclusions

  15. A Survey of Chinese College Students Emotional Conditions and t he Reiative Factors in Their Life%高校学生情绪状况与相关生活事件调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓刚

    2000-01-01

    Emotions is the most important reflection of mental heal th,and it is a lso the most important factor that influences the latter.According to a survey c onducted by the author on over 2000 college students,including graduate students ,from 28 universities in Zhejiang province,China,the emotional conditions of mos t college students are normal,while that of some students,mostly senior students, is worrying.In addition,the sutvey reveals that studies,social reltions and econ omic problems are the major factors that influence the student's emotions.

  16. Survey of Happiness of College Students and Thinking%当代大学生幸福感调查与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢安国

    2011-01-01

    随着社会的加速发展,当代大学生面临着更加严峻的学习、就业、家庭、婚恋、人际关系等多方面的压力,对幸福的追求发生了微妙的变化.通过调查,发现大学生整体幸福感状况良好,但也存在偏差.基于调查,提出了提升大学生幸福感的建议:1.加强幸福教育,培养积极心理品质;2.加强校园文化建设,搭建大学生体验幸福感的机会和平台;3.加强心理健康教育课程建设,促进大学生幸福感水平提升;4.引导大学生在社会化过程中加强自我完善.%With the accelerated development of the society, college students faced with more severe pressures such as learning, employment, family,marriage, interpersonal relationships etc; the pursuit of happiness also changed. Through investigation, the author found that the overall well-being of colleger is in good condition, but there are deviations. Based on the survey, this paper put forward proposals to enhance students' sense of happiness:first, strengthen the well-being education, and develop a positive mental quality; secondly, strengthen building of campus culture, and create opportunities and build platform for students to experience happiness; third, strengthen construction of mental health education programs, and promote students'happiness levels; forth, guide students to strengthen self-improvement in the process of socialization.

  17. 山东某医学院480名高年级男生手淫现况调查%Masturbation survey among 480 male college students medical college of shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高洪彩; 甘宁; 孔德众; 张妍; 孔令斌; 张雪文

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解医学院大学生手淫的相关因素及手淫对生理健康的影响.方法 采用整群抽样的方法,对某医学院高年级在校男生500人进行自填式问卷调查.结果 63.5%(305例)的调查对象有手淫行为,其中5.2%的手淫者健康受危害.多因素logistic回归分析提示,独生子(OR=2.447,OR95%CI:1.591~3.858)、支持非婚性行为(OR=2.057,OR95%CI:1.233~3.432)、看黄色书刊或者视频(OR=3.688,OR95%CI:1.230~11.063)、经常性幻想(OR=2.406,OR95%CI:1.523~3.800)、经常为性苦恼者(OR=1.817,OR95%CI:1.163~2.838)手淫习惯率明显高于对应人群;认为手淫有害者(OR=0.217,OR95%CI:0.121~0.387)手淫习惯率明显低于对应人群.结论 医学院高年级男大学生的手淫行为已经影响到生理健康,对大学生进行性健康教育,预防过度手淫对健康的伤害非常必要.%Objective To explore the related factors of masturbation and the impact on the physical health among male seniors from medical college. Methods Questionnaire surveys were conducted among a total of 500 male senior medical students chosen by cluster sampling at a certain medical college. Results A total of 480 valid questionnaires were collected. 305 participants (63.5%) had masturbation behavior. And 5.2% of them had their physical health impacted. Factors associated with masturbation were only child (OR=2.447, OR95%CI:1.591-3.858), supporting the premarital sex (OR=2.057, OR95%CI: 1.233-3.432), reading pornographic books and watching pornographic video (OR=3.688, OR95%CI: 1.230-11.063), sexual fantasy (OR=2.406, OR95%CI:1.523-3.800), being distressed for sex (OR=1.817, OR95%CI:1.163-2.838), and considering masturbation harmful (OR=0.217, OR95%CI:0.121-0.387). Conclusion Masturbation behavior has affected physical health of male seniors at medical college. Sexual health education be strengthened among male medical college students' in order to prevent excessive masturbation from the

  18. Increased Food Insecurity Among Mothers of 2 Year Olds with Special Health Care Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Elizabeth J; Hoffmann, Laurel M; Rosenberg, Kenneth D; Peters, Dawn; Pennise, Melissa

    2015-10-01

    The objective of this study is to explore the association between having a child with special health care needs (CSHCN) and food insecurity when the child is 2 years old. We studied women who had a live birth in 2004-2005 and responded to Oregon's Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) survey 3 months postpartum (Time 1) and the follow-up survey (PRAMS-2), when the child was 2 years old (Time 2). Women answering affirmatively to the PRAMS-2 question, "In the last 12 months, did you ever eat less than you felt you should because there was not enough money for food?" were considered food insecure. CSHCN status was identified by affirmative responses to questions about needs for ongoing services (Time 2). PRAMS and PRAMS-2 responses were weighted for study design and non-response. Results report weighted analyses, unless noted. Among 1812 mothers completing PRAMS-2, 13.6 % (unweighted) had a 2-year-old CSHCN and 11.9 % (unweighted) were food insecure at Time 2. The estimated prevalence of food insecurity at 2-year follow-up was 20.7 % among families of CSHCN and 9.7 % for others. After adjustment for Time 2 marital status, education, lifetime U.S. residence, income and health conditions, multivariable logistic regression revealed that odds of food insecurity were more than two times as great for CSHCN mothers 2 years post-partum compared to non-CSHCN mothers (adjusted odds ratio 2.6, 95 % confidence interval 1.3, 4.6). Families of CSHCN face increased risk for food insecurity. Improved understanding of causal determinants of food insecurity among households of CSHCN is needed.

  19. 大学男生吸烟与性行为现状调查%Survey on the smoking and sexual behaviors among male college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨璐瑛; 徐炜; 邵继红; 陆召军; 卓朗; 高修银; 顾玉洪

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查在校大学男生的吸烟与性行为现状,为制定适宜的健康教育干预措施提供依据.方法 采用整群随机抽样方法,对徐州市4所高校797例男生进行自填式问卷调查,SPSS 18.0软件对数据进行统计分析.结果 大学男生吸烟率28.36%;承认已发生过性行为的占22.58%,其中吸烟者占56.67%;在发生性行为前后经常吸烟者占13.33%.吸烟者中有49.56%的大学男生试图通过吸烟来控制性欲;未意识到吸烟影响性功能者占46.55%.结论 学校和社会有关部门应加强大学生控烟力度,特别是要及时有效地开展吸烟影响性功能的宣传教育.%Objective To survey the current situation of college boys smoking and sexual behavior in order to establish appropriate intervene measures. Methods A cluster random sampling was conducted in four universities Xuzhou with a self-administered questionnaire, and the data were compared by SPSS 18. 0. Results The smoking rate was 28. 36% , the rate of students who had sexual intercourse was 22. 58% , of whom 56. 67% were smokers and 13. 33% were smoking during sexual activity. There were 49. 56% of college boys trying to control the sexual desire by smoking. The rate of students who did not know the smoke affects sexual function was 46. 55% . Conclusion Tobacco control should be strengthened for college students, especially the education about adverse impact of smoking on sexual founction.

  20. Survey by the European Board and College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology on screening for gestational diabetes in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benhalima, Katrien; Mathieu, Chantal; van Assche, Andre

    2016-01-01

    evaluated the uptake of these EBCOG recommendations in guidelines for GDM screening across Europe. Methods Between September and November 2015, an online survey on the current national or regional recommendations for GDM screening was directed to the 33 European countries that are members of EBCOG. Results...... There was a response rate of 84.8% (28 countries). From Belgium, data were separately obtained from the Dutch-and the French-speaking parts and from the UK data were also obtained from Scotland, leading to data from 30 responders. The response rates were high in Central Europe (100%), Northern Europe (100...

  1. College Choice in the Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Christine Joy

    2009-01-01

    This descriptive and correlational study examined the applicability of major U.S. college choice factors to Philippine high school seniors. A sample of 226 students from a private school in Manila completed the College Choice Survey for High School Seniors. Cronbach's alpha for the survey composite index was 0.933. The purposes of this…

  2. Trends in College Pricing, 2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    College Board, New York, NY.

    This report, based on the College Board's Annual Survey of Colleges, provides updated information on tuition and other expenses associated with attending public and private nonprofit institutions of postsecondary education in the United States in the 2002-2003 academic year. The annual survey is distributed to more than 2,900 postsecondary…

  3. Dual Credit Enrollment and GPA by Ethnicity and Gender at Texas 2-Year Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Robert D., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the extent to which differences were present in dual credit course enrollment. Specifically examined were whether differences were present in the first semester GPA and at the end of the first two semesters for students who enrolled in dual credit courses while in high school from…

  4. Who Studies Which Language and Why? : A Cross-Language Survey of First-Year College-Level Language Learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathryn M. Howard

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on surveys of first-year language learners studying 19 different languages at two large East Coast Universities. The survey included questions about why students decided to study these languages, including career plans, study abroad, interest in liter-ature and culture, desire to communicate with speakers of the lan-guage, desire to speak with family members, building on previous language skills, and love of languages in general. Results were broken down by language and by language types, such as whether the lan-guages were commonly taught in the United States, how the lan-guages are politicized in the current historical context, and how the languages intersect with historical and geographic trends in immigra-tion and immigration policy. This article examines in particular the presence of heritage language learners in these language classrooms, the varying reasons that students choose to study these languages, and students’ prior attainment and exposure to the language. The pa-per discusses the political, historical, and social contexts of language study in the United States and the associated implications for effec-tive language recruitment and effective language program design.

  5. Using a Faculty Survey of College-Level Reading and Writing Requirements To Revise Developmental Reading and Writing Objectives. Kellogg Institute Final Report, Practicum 1999.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colarusso, Kathleen

    The report discusses the findings of a study on the reading and writing demands of college-level courses at Maryland's Charles County Community College (College of Southern Maryland as of July 1, 2000). The Language and Literature Department wanted to determine whether its developmental courses were actually preparing students for the reading and…

  6. Graduate Assessment Survey Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santa Fe Community Coll., Gainesville, FL. Office of Institutional Research and Planning.

    Determines the degree to which Santa Fe Community College (Florida) is providing quality educational programs and services to its students. Surveys outgoing students to gather their opinions and perceptions of the educational experiences and services they received while attending the college. The survey instrument is divided into three sections:…

  7. Determinants of Willingness to Pay for an Urban Green Area: A Contingent Valuation Survey of College Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Bonaventura Forleo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to identify factors affecting young people’s willingness to pay (WTP for the conservation of an urban green area. A questionnaire survey, based on the Contingent Valuation method, was administered to a sample of students enrolled at the University of Molise (Italy. We examine the determinants of WTP for use and non-use values, visitors’ profiles, socioeconomic characteristics and environmental attitudes. We detect factors affecting WTP decisions through logistic regression analysis. Variables affecting the WTP differ from the environmental values and according to the visiting experience; socio-economic characteristics do not appear particularly significant; the main cause for zero bids is related to the perception of the green area as a public good. Our results highlight a growing tendency, in young generations, towards a more sustainable awareness, which we believe should be carefully nurtured through adequate policy instruments, so to enhance the quality of urban life.

  8. Sexual and reproductive health service needs of university/ college students: updates from a survey in Shanghai, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin Chen; Pei Chen; Yong-Ning Lu; Hong-Xiang Wang; Qing-Liang Ma; Xiao-Ming Zhao; Jian-Hua Guo; Kai Hu; Yi-Xin Wang; Yi-Ran Huang

    2008-01-01

    Aim: To promote the provision of reproductive health services to young people by exploring the attitudes and perceptions of university students in Shanghai, China, toward reproductive health. Methods: From July 2004 to May 2006, 5 243 students from 14 universities in Shanghai took part in our survey. Topics covered the demands of reproductive health-care services, attitudes towards and experience with sex, exposure to pornographic material, and knowledge on sexual health and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/AIDS. Results: Of the 5 067 students who provided valid answer sheets, 50.05% were female and 49.95% were male, 14.86% were medical students, and 85.14% had non-medical backgrounds. A total of 38.4% of respondents had received reproductive health education previously. The majority of students supported school-based reproductive health education, and also acquired information about sex predominantly from books, schoolmates, and the Internet. Premarital sexual be- havior was opposed by 17.7% of survey participants, and 37.5% could identify all the three types of STIs listed in the questionnaire. Although 83.7% knew how HIV is transmitted, only 55.7% knew when to use a condom and 57.8% knew that the use of condoms could reduce the risk of HIV infection. Conclusion: The reproductive health service is lagging behind current attitudes and demands of university students. Although students' attitudes towards sexual matters are liberal, their knowledge about reproductive health and STIs/AIDS is still limited. It is therefore necessary to provide effective and confidential reproductive health services to young people. (Asian J Androl 2008 Jul; 10: 607-615)

  9. Adherence to the 2012 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Guidelines for Management of Gout: A Survey of Brazilian Rheumatologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coutinho, Evandro Silva Freire; Schumacher, H. Ralph; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Schlesinger, Naomi

    2015-01-01

    Objective To describe the current pharmacological approach to gout treatment reported by rheumatologists in Brazil. Methods We performed a cross-sectional survey study using an online questionnaire e-mailed to 395 rheumatologists, randomly selected, from among the members of the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology. Results Three hundred and nine rheumatologists (78.2%) responded to the survey. For acute gout attacks, combination therapy (NSAIDs or steroid + colchicine) was often used, even in monoarticular involvement, and colchicine was commonly started as monotherapy after 36 hours or more from onset of attack. During an acute attack, urate-lowering therapy (ULT) was withdrawn by approximately a third of rheumatologists. Anti-inflammatory prophylaxis (98% colchicine) was initiated when ULT was started in most cases (92.4%), but its duration was varied. Most (70%) respondents considered the target serum uric acid level to be less than 6 mg/dl. Approximately 50% of rheumatologists reported starting allopurinol at doses of 100 mg daily or less and 42% reported the initial dose to be 300 mg daily in patients with normal renal function. ULT was maintained indefinitely in 76% of gout patients with tophi whereas in gout patients without tophi its use was kept indefinitely in 39.6%. Conclusion This is the first study evaluating gout treatment in a representative, random sample of Brazilian rheumatologists describing common treatment practices among these specialists. We identified several gaps in reported gout management, mainly concerning the use of colchicine and ULT and the duration of anti-inflammatory prophylaxis and ULT. Since rheumatologists are considered as opinion leaders in this disease, a program for improving quality of care for gout patients should focus on increasing their knowledge in this common disease. PMID:26274585

  10. Sexual and reproductive health service needs of university/college students: updates from a survey in Shanghai, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Bin; Lu, Yong-Ning; Wang, Hong-Xiang; Ma, Qing-Liang; Zhao, Xiao-Ming; Guo, Jian-Hua; Hu, Kai; Wang, Yi-Xin; Huang, Yi-Ran; Chen, Pei

    2008-07-01

    To promote the provision of reproductive health services to young people by exploring the attitudes and perceptions of university students in Shanghai, China, toward reproductive health. From July 2004 to May 2006, 5 243 students from 14 universities in Shanghai took part in our survey. Topics covered the demands of reproductive health-care services, attitudes towards and experience with sex, exposure to pornographic material, and knowledge on sexual health and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/AIDS. Of the 5 067 students who provided valid answer sheets, 50.05% were female and 49.95% were male, 14.86% were medical students, and 85.14% had non-medical backgrounds. A total of 38.4% of respondents had received reproductive health education previously. The majority of students supported school-based reproductive health education, and also acquired information about sex predominantly from books, schoolmates, and the Internet. Premarital sexual behavior was opposed by 17.7% of survey participants, and 37.5% could identify all the three types of STIs listed in the questionnaire. Although 83.7% knew how HIV is transmitted, only 55.7% knew when to use a condom and 57.8% knew that the use of condoms could reduce the risk of HIV infection. The reproductive health service is lagging behind current attitudes and demands of university students. Although students' attitudes towards sexual matters are liberal, their knowledge about reproductive health and STIs/AIDS is still limited. It is therefore necessary to provide effective and confidential reproductive health services to young people.

  11. Adherence to the 2012 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Guidelines for Management of Gout: A Survey of Brazilian Rheumatologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas-Santos, Ana Beatriz; Castelar-Pinheiro, Geraldo da Rocha; Coutinho, Evandro Silva Freire; Schumacher, H Ralph; Singh, Jasvinder A; Schlesinger, Naomi

    2015-01-01

    To describe the current pharmacological approach to gout treatment reported by rheumatologists in Brazil. We performed a cross-sectional survey study using an online questionnaire e-mailed to 395 rheumatologists, randomly selected, from among the members of the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology. Three hundred and nine rheumatologists (78.2%) responded to the survey. For acute gout attacks, combination therapy (NSAIDs or steroid + colchicine) was often used, even in monoarticular involvement, and colchicine was commonly started as monotherapy after 36 hours or more from onset of attack. During an acute attack, urate-lowering therapy (ULT) was withdrawn by approximately a third of rheumatologists. Anti-inflammatory prophylaxis (98% colchicine) was initiated when ULT was started in most cases (92.4%), but its duration was varied. Most (70%) respondents considered the target serum uric acid level to be less than 6 mg/dl. Approximately 50% of rheumatologists reported starting allopurinol at doses of 100 mg daily or less and 42% reported the initial dose to be 300 mg daily in patients with normal renal function. ULT was maintained indefinitely in 76% of gout patients with tophi whereas in gout patients without tophi its use was kept indefinitely in 39.6%. This is the first study evaluating gout treatment in a representative, random sample of Brazilian rheumatologists describing common treatment practices among these specialists. We identified several gaps in reported gout management, mainly concerning the use of colchicine and ULT and the duration of anti-inflammatory prophylaxis and ULT. Since rheumatologists are considered as opinion leaders in this disease, a program for improving quality of care for gout patients should focus on increasing their knowledge in this common disease.

  12. Adherence to the 2012 American College of Rheumatology (ACR Guidelines for Management of Gout: A Survey of Brazilian Rheumatologists.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Beatriz Vargas-Santos

    Full Text Available To describe the current pharmacological approach to gout treatment reported by rheumatologists in Brazil.We performed a cross-sectional survey study using an online questionnaire e-mailed to 395 rheumatologists, randomly selected, from among the members of the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology.Three hundred and nine rheumatologists (78.2% responded to the survey. For acute gout attacks, combination therapy (NSAIDs or steroid + colchicine was often used, even in monoarticular involvement, and colchicine was commonly started as monotherapy after 36 hours or more from onset of attack. During an acute attack, urate-lowering therapy (ULT was withdrawn by approximately a third of rheumatologists. Anti-inflammatory prophylaxis (98% colchicine was initiated when ULT was started in most cases (92.4%, but its duration was varied. Most (70% respondents considered the target serum uric acid level to be less than 6 mg/dl. Approximately 50% of rheumatologists reported starting allopurinol at doses of 100 mg daily or less and 42% reported the initial dose to be 300 mg daily in patients with normal renal function. ULT was maintained indefinitely in 76% of gout patients with tophi whereas in gout patients without tophi its use was kept indefinitely in 39.6%.This is the first study evaluating gout treatment in a representative, random sample of Brazilian rheumatologists describing common treatment practices among these specialists. We identified several gaps in reported gout management, mainly concerning the use of colchicine and ULT and the duration of anti-inflammatory prophylaxis and ULT. Since rheumatologists are considered as opinion leaders in this disease, a program for improving quality of care for gout patients should focus on increasing their knowledge in this common disease.

  13. Body composition at birth and height at 2 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Admassu, Bitiya; Wells, Jonathan C; Girma, Tsinuel

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Low birth weight is associated with childhood stunting, but equivalent associations for birth body composition (BC) remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess associations of BC with height-for-age Z score (HAZ) at 2 years of age. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, fat mass (FM) and fa...... article preview online, 19 April 2017. doi:10.1038/pr.2017.59....

  14. Media use by children younger than 2 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Ari

    2011-11-01

    In 1999, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued a policy statement addressing media use in children. The purpose of that statement was to educate parents about the effects that media--both the amount and the content--may have on children. In one part of that statement, the AAP recommended that "pediatricians should urge parents to avoid television viewing for children under the age of two years." The wording of the policy specifically discouraged media use in this age group, although it is frequently misquoted by media outlets as no media exposure in this age group. The AAP believed that there were significantly more potential negative effects of media than positive ones for this age group and, thus, advised families to thoughtfully consider media use for infants. This policy statement reaffirms the 1999 statement with respect to media use in infants and children younger than 2 years and provides updated research findings to support it. This statement addresses (1) the lack of evidence supporting educational or developmental benefits for media use by children younger than 2 years, (2) the potential adverse health and developmental effects of media use by children younger than 2 years, and (3) adverse effects of parental media use (background media) on children younger than 2 years.

  15. Childhood Bereavement: Psychopathology in the 2 Years Postparental Death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerel, Julie; Fristad, Mary A.; Verducci, Joseph; Weller, Ronald A.; Weller, Elizabeth B.

    2006-01-01

    Objective: Although the death of a parent is one of the most significant stressors a child can experience, the psychiatric sequelae of parental death are not fully understood. Method: A total of 360 parent-bereaved children (ages 6-17) and their surviving parents were directly interviewed four times during the first 2 years following the death (at…

  16. Medical students' choice of specialty and factors determining their choice: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey in Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chew, Yu Wei; Rajakrishnan, Sudeash; Low, Chin Aun; Jayapalan, Prakash Kumar; Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T

    2011-01-01

    Information about medical students' choice of specialty can be helpful for planning health manpower. However, such information from medical students in Malaysian medical schools is lacking. We carried out a cross-sectional questionnaire survey among fourth- and fifth-year medical undergraduate students at Melaka-Manipal Medical College. A total of 425 students responded to the survey questionnaire. Nearly a quarter of the students indicated internal medicine as their choice of specialty. Other choices were general surgery (13.2%), pediatrics (11.3%), orthopedics (12.7%) and obstetrics & gynecology (Ob/Gyn) (12.1%). Female students (OR 1.91; 95% CI 1.18-3.08), fourth-year students (OR 1.9; 95% CI 1.15-3.12), and students who reported a higher self-rated knowledge of their subject of choice were more likely to choose internal medicine and allied specialties (OR 1.53; 95% CI 1.07-2.19). The influence of teaching faculty and consultants at the teaching hospitals (74.4%) and inspiration obtained during clinical postings (71.9%) were the factors which were rated by the most students as 'important' for choosing a specialty. About half of the students intended to pursue their postgraduate studies in Malaysia, most of the rest in the United Kingdom or Australia. While internal medicine and surgical subspecialties were preferred, students were not inclined towards primary care or diagnostic subspecialties. Incentives should be provided and other measures should be taken to make these branches more attractive.

  17. The Challenges for Persistence with Two-Year College Student Transfers and How One Survey Attempts to Identify Pathways of Success for Geoscience Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, C. E.; Van Der Hoeven Kraft, K.; Wolfe, B.

    2014-12-01

    With the rapid growth in enrollments at two-year colleges (2YCs), these institutions provide a rich talent pool for future science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) graduates at four-year universities, particularly students from underrepresented groups (American Geosciences Institute [AGI], 2014). This is particularly true for the geosciences because over 25% of recent geoscience graduates with a bachelor's degree attended a 2YC for at least one semester (AGI, 2013). However, it is difficult to successfully track 2YC transfers because many 2YC students do not complete an associate's degree and very few institutions offer a geoscience-specific associate's degree. In order to recruit future geoscientists from this pool of students, researchers need to better understand the barriers these students face when trying to transfer and how they are able to successfully navigate these barriers. During spring 2014 graduation, AGI surveyed students completing their bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees about their educational background, experiences and future plans after graduation. Those graduates who attended a 2YC for at least one semester provided insight into their enrollment decisions as they transferred into a four-year university. The sample from this survey represents 154 responses from a total of 596 responses. General demographics reveal an older population (average age: 30, median: 27), a higher percent of male students (54% male, 40% female) and Caucasians (76%, 10% non Caucasian) than a traditional 2YC student. Students attending 2YC nationally are on average 28 years old (median: 24), are 57% women, and are 51% Caucasian (AACC Fast Facts, 2014). In addition, responses indicated some of the factors that influenced their ability to successfully transfer into 4-year geoscience programs including personal motivation and successful transfer of credits.

  18. Prevalence survey on smoking behavior among undergraduates in a medical college%某医学院大学生吸烟行为现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏明伟; 李太顺; 汪徐林; 汪鹏; 丁书姝; 袁慧

    2013-01-01

    Objective :To investigate the smoking: status and the attitudes towards smoking-cessation among undergraduates in a mediral college, and to examine the influencing factors on practice of tobacco smoking in college students for scientific evidence to supply health education and effective tobacco-control policy in campus. Methods-. By cluster sampling, sell-administered questionnaire was used to purvey on the 787 medical college undergraduates( school years of 1 to 4 )regarding their demographic characteristics and smoking-related knowledge, attitude, and practice. Results: A total of 787 students participated in the survey. Overall 18.0% ol them were current smokers,and the male smokers( 30. 69c ) were over lemales( 2.0%)(P<0.001). The percentage ol the smokers tended to increase with schooling years( P < 0. 05 ). The major influential factors on smoking practice were associated with curiosity, social purpose and influence from friends and peers. The knowledge towards the harmful effects of smoking and risks of passive smoking on heath, including the causative effect on lung caner and hypertension, was different between smokers and non-smokers( P <0. 01 ;P < 0. 05 ) , whose attitudes were also diverse a lot concerning suffering passive smoking, smoking prevalence in different age groups, smoking ban in public places and illegal sale of cigarettes to mi-nors( P < 0. 001 ). Conclusion: Smoking appeals highly prevalent in the medical college undergraduates, which indicates that our society and school authorities should work together to take effective measures to put the current condition under control.%目的:了解某医学院大学生吸烟现状及对控制吸烟的态度,分析该人群吸烟行为的影响因素,为今后教育和干预措施提供科学理论依据.方法:整群抽取某医学院一到四年级在校学生787名,采用自填调查问卷的方法来调查学生的一般特征和吸烟相关的知识、信念、行为.结果:787名调

  19. Survey and Analysis on Current Status of Bioethics Cognition in College Students——Questionnaire Survey on 1880 Colleges and Universities Students in Liaoning Province%当代大学生生命伦理认知现状的调查与分析——对辽宁省高校1880名大学生的问卷调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景亚蕊; 张洪江

    2012-01-01

    大学生生命伦理教育的目的是帮助大学生学会从理性、道德、伦理等多个角度认识生命的内涵、理解生命的意义,实现生命的价值,从而更好地提高自身生命质量,实现生命价值.通过问卷调查,并对结果进行分析,发现大学生生命伦理认知的状况并不乐观,主要表现在大学生的生死态度、精神状态及生命伦理教育这三个层面.对目前大学生存在的问题从伦理学角度进行深入的分析,并提出大学生生命伦理教育的可行性建议.%Bioethics education for college students is aim to help them cognize the connotation of life, understand the meaning of life, realize the value of life from the standpoint of reason, morality, ethics and so forth. The authors found that the current status of bioethical cognition was not optimistic, after the survey and the analysis. It mainly displayed in three aspects: their attitudes towards life and death, mental state and bioethical education. Besides , the authors analyzed the problems of college students from the view of ethics, proposed some feasible suggestions for the bioethical education in college students.

  20. 医学院校学生抑郁情绪状况调查%Survey on depression emotion among students from medical universities/colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于林露; 谭曦; 李扬; 陈凌昔; 陈璐; 孔军辉

    2015-01-01

    目的 调查医学院校大学生抑郁情绪的发生情况. 方法 采取整群抽样方法,分别于2010年10月及2013年10月,采用流调中心用抑郁量表( CES-D)对北京市某医科大学在校学生进行调查. 结果 2010年调查411名大学生,有抑郁情绪233名(56.69%),2013年调查810名大学生,有抑郁情绪263名(32.47%),2013年医学生抑郁情绪发生率低于2010年(P<0.001). 2010年男生抑郁情绪发生率高于女生(P<0.05);2010年及2013年独生子女抑郁情绪发生率低于非独生子女(P<0.05),来自乡村的医学生抑郁情绪发生率高于来自城市的医学生(P<0.05). 结论 医学院校大学生抑郁情绪发生率较高,应加强对大学生心理健康教育工作,促进大学生心理健康.%Objective To investigate the incidence of depression emotion among students from medical universities/colleges. Methods The cluster sampling method was adopted to a survey which was conducted in the students from a medical university in Beijing in October 2010 and October 2013 with Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale(CES-D).Results Four hundred and eleven university students were enrolled in the survey in 2010,of whom 233 had depression emotion(56.69%).Eight hundred and ten university students were enrolled in the survey in 2013,of whom 263 had depression emotion(32.47%).The incidence of depression emotion in the medical students in 2013 was lower than that in 2010(P<0.001).The incidence of depression emotion in the male students was higher than that in the female students in 2010(P<0.05).Lower incidence of depression emotion was observed in the students from only child family compared to the students from non-only child family(P<0.05).The incidence of depression emotion in the medical students from rural areas was higher than that in the medical students from cities( P<0.05).Conclusion The incidence of depression emotion of students from medical universities/colleges is high.The psychological health

  1. Policies and procedures related to testing for weak D phenotypes and administration of Rh immune globulin: results and recommendations related to supplemental questions in the Comprehensive Transfusion Medicine survey of the College of American Pathologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandler, S Gerald; Roseff, Susan D; Domen, Ronald E; Shaz, Beth; Gottschall, Jerome L

    2014-05-01

    Advances in RHD genotyping offer an opportunity to update policies and practices for testing weak D phenotypes and administration of Rh immune globulin to postpartum women. To repeat questions from a 1999 College of American Pathologists proficiency test survey, to evaluate current practices for testing for weak D and administration of Rh immune globulin, and to determine whether there is an opportunity to begin integrating RHD genotyping in laboratory practice. The College of American Pathologists Transfusion Medicine Resource Committee sent questions from the 1999 survey to laboratories that participated in the 2012 proficiency test survey. The results of the 2012 survey were compared with those from 1999. Results from published RHD genotyping studies were analyzed to determine if RHD genotyping could improve current policies and practices for serological Rh typing. More than 3100 survey participants responded to the 2012 questions. The most significant finding was a decrease in the number of transfusion services performing a serological weak D test on patients as a strategy to manage those with a weak D as Rh negative (from 58.2% to 19.8%, P Rh positive. Selective integration of RHD genotyping policies and practices could improve the accuracy of Rh typing results, reduce unnecessary administration of Rh immune globulin in women with a weak D, and decrease transfusion of Rh-negative red blood cells in most recipients with a serological weak D phenotype.

  2. 某高校学生的膳食及营养状况调查%Survey on the Dietary Intake and Nutritional status in College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊祥玲; 张明; 张春宏; 杨雪; 黄海斌; 熊苑淇

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解高校学生的膳食及营养状况,寻找主要存在的营养问题,以便制定干预措施.方法 采用随机整群抽样的方法,抽取某高技20~23岁的165名学生;利用调查表对其膳食情况进行为期5 d的记录.结果 该人群异常体质的人占33.3%,且以体质偏轻为主.男、女大学生体质状况偏轻者分别占12.5%、33.1%.男、女大学生能量摄入均不足,分别达到RNI的66.8%和89.6%.男生膳食摄入蛋白质、脂肪略低于参考摄入量,碳水化合物摄入合理.女生脂肪、碳水化合物略低于参考撮入量,但蛋白质略高于RNI标准.结论 大学生营养状况较差,膳食结构不合理.在高校开展有针对性的膳食营养健康教育十分必要.建议大学生适当调整膳食结构、提高营养水平、增强自身身体素质.%OBJECTIVE To understand dietary nutrition status of college students, seek major problem of nutrition and make intervening measure. METHODS A total of 165 college Btudents were selected by the method of random cluster sampling. A constructed questionnaire investigation was conducted among them and a five-day dietary survey was carried out. RESULTS Abnormal body was 33.3% in the crowd of people. The results showed that both male and female students physique condition were underweight. Male students who were underweight accounted for 12.5% and female accounted for 33.1%. Energy absorption was inadequate, and the RNI of males and females were 66.8% and 89.6%, respectively. The intake of protein and fat in males were significantly lower than the reference, and intake of carbohydrate was adequate. The intake of protein and fat in females were significantly lower than the reference group, and the protein intake was significantly higher than RNI. CONCLUSION The nutritional status of college students was poor and the dietary pattern was unreasonable. It is necessary to carry out dietary nutrition and health education. Students were

  3. Research on Contemporary College Students' Leadership Education and Training Situation--Survey and Analysis of College Students in Hangzhou%当代大学生领导力教育与培养现状研究--对杭州某高教园区大学生的调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯珂; 褚晶晶

    2014-01-01

    大学生领导力教育既是高等教育的重要使命,也是大学生个体发展的现实需求。通过问卷从大学生对领导力培养的认识、大学生对领导力的自我认识与评估及大学生领导力教育与培养环境因素三方面进行问卷调查分析后,提出了高校应加强对大学生进行领导力教育必要性的认识、系统开设领导学方面的基础课程、有效开展课外领导实践活动的对策与建议。%College students' leadership education is an important mission of higher education, is also the development of the practical needs of individual students. From college students' understanding of the leadership development of college stu-dents' self-awareness and leadership assessment and leadership training college education and environmental factors analyz-ed three surveys conducted through questionnaires, proposed countermeasures and suggestions on university should strengthen leadership education for college students, the system on the basis of the creation of leadership course, effective carry out leadership practices extracurricular activities.

  4. Social competence at 2 years following child traumatic brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Vicki; Beauchamp, Miriam Helen; Yeates, Keith Owen; Crossley, Louise; Ryan, Nicholas Peter; Hearps, Stephen J C; Catroppa, Cathy

    2017-02-08

    Children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at risk of social impairment, but research is yet to document the trajectory of these skills post-injury and factors that may predict social problems. The study addressed these gaps in knowledge, reporting on findings from a prospective, longitudinal follow-up study which investigated social outcomes post injury and explored factors contributing to these outcomes at 2 years post-injury. The sample included 113 children, 74 with TBI and 39 typically developing (TD) controls. TBI participants were recruited on presentation to hospital. Parents rated pre-injury function at that time and all children underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Participants were followed up at 2 years post-injury. Outcomes were social adjustment, social participation, social relationships, and social cognition. Predictors of social outcomes examined included brain lesion characteristics, child cognition (6 months post-TBI) and behavior and environmental factors (pre-injury and 2 years). Reduced social adjustment (p=.011) and social participation (pchildren with TBI compared to TD controls. Poor social adjustment was predicted by externalizing behaviour problems and younger age at injury. Reduced social participation was linked to internalizing behavior problems. Greater lesion volume, lower socioeconomic status and family burden contributed to poorer social relationships, while age at injury predicted social cognition. Within the TBI group, 23% of children exhibited social impairment: younger age at injury, greater pre-injury and current behavior problems and family dysfunction, poorer IQ, processing speed, and empathy were linked to impairment. Further follow-up is required to track social recovery and the influences of cognition, brain, and environment over time.

  5. Clinical outcomes of pars plicata anterior vitrectomy: 2-year results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priya Narang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To demonstrate the safety and outcome of a surgical approach that uses pars plicata site for anterior vitrectomy during phacoemulsification procedure complicated by posterior capsule rupture and residual cortical matter. Design: Single center, retrospective, interventional, noncomparative study. Materials and Methods: Medical records of a consecutive series of 35 eyes of 35 patients who underwent pars plicata anterior vitrectomy (PPAV were reviewed. The main outcome measures were corrected and uncorrected distance visual acuity (CDVA, UDVA, early and late postoperative complications and intraocular pressure (IOP. Ultrasound biomicroscopic (UBM evaluation of sclerotomy site and spectral domain optical coherence tomography analysis for central macular thickness (CMT was performed. The final visual outcome at 2 years was evaluated. Results: At 2 years follow-up, the mean postoperative UDVA (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [logMAR] and CDVA (logMAR was 0.49 ± 0.26 and 0.19 ± 0.14, respectively. There was no significant change in the IOP (P = 0.061 and the mean CMT at 2 years was 192.5 ± 5.54 mm. The postoperative UBM image of the sclerotomy site at 8 weeks demonstrated a clear wound without any vitreous adhesion or incarceration. Intraoperative hyphema was seen in 1 (2.8% case and postoperative uveitis was seen in 2 (5.7% cases, which resolved with medications. No case of an iatrogenic retinal break or retinal detachment was reported. Conclusions: PPAV enables a closed chamber approach, allows thorough cleanup of vitreous in the pupillary plane and anterior chamber and affords better access to the subincisional and retropupillary cortical remnant with a significant visual outcome and an acceptable complication rate.

  6. Application of the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Cholesterol Guideline to the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 1998 to 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Young Shin; Oh, Tae Jung; Kim, Kyoung Min; Moon, Jae Hoon; Choi, Sung Hee; Jang, Hak Chul; Park, Kyong Soo

    2017-01-01

    Background The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline for the treatment of blood cholesterol recommends statin therapy for individuals at high risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The aim of this study was to investigate serial trends in the percentages of Korean adults considered eligible for statin therapy according to the new ACC/AHA cholesterol guideline. Methods Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) I (1998, n=7,698), II (2001, n=5,654), III (2005, n=5,269), IV (2007 to 2009, n=15,727), and V (2010 to 2012, n=16,304), which used a stratified, multistage, probability sampling design, were used as representative of the entire Korean population. Results The percentage of adults eligible for statin therapy according to the ACC/AHA cholesterol guideline increased with time: 17.0%, 19.0%, 20.8%, 20.2%, and 22.0% in KNHANES I, II, III, IV, and V, respectively (P=0.022). The prevalence of ASCVD was 1.4% in KNHANES I and increased to 3.3% in KNHANES V. The percentage of diabetic patients aged 40 to 75 years with a low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels of 70 to 189 mg/dL increased from 4.8% in KNHANES I to 6.1% in KNHANES V. People with an estimated 10-year ASCVD risk ≥7.5% and aged 40 to 75 years accounted for the largest percentage among the four statin benefit groups: 9.1% in KNHANES I and 11.0% in KNHANES V. Conclusion Application of the 2013 ACC/AHA guideline has found that the percentage of Korean adults in the statin benefit groups has increased over the past 15 years. PMID:28029013

  7. Projectile motion in physics: A survey assessment of retained understandings and how traditional and nontraditional adult college students believe they learned them

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keefer, Robert Kenneth

    A survey was completed of technological college students comprised of traditional and non-traditional adult students (median age 21, mean age 24) who have completed, one to three years previously, a course in algebra-trigonometry based physics. The survey response rate was 74%. Information was obtained about their current understandings regarding the attributes of projectile motion, their self-assessment of their current understanding of projectile motion, and their evaluation of the instructional components that were most influential in their acquiring an understanding of projectile motion. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) Adults who demonstrated a high level of understanding of the attributes of projectile motion immediately following instruction will demonstrate a high level of understanding a year or more after instruction; (2) Adults who demonstrate a high level of understanding of projectile motion a year or more after instruction will rate themselves high on self-confidence about their understanding of the attributes of projectile motion; (3) Adults who demonstrated a high level of understanding of the attributes of projectile motion a year or more after instruction will rate laboratory activities as very important or extremely important to their acquiring an understanding of the attributes of projectile motion. Three hypotheses were confirmed at a p = <0.05. A regression of the current understandings onto the prior understandings regarding the attributes of projectile motion indicated a strong causality (F = 13.246, p < 0.000, n = 91, df = 1). Students' self-assessment of their current knowledge about projectile motion indicated an accurate evaluation of what they actually know (t = 10.408, df = 90, p < 0.000). Students indicated that the most important instructional component influencing their learning was the author's laboratory activity. As their self-assessment was strongly indicative of their current understanding, additional credibility can be placed

  8. Characteristics of evidence-based medicine training in Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada emergency medicine residencies - a national survey of program directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednarczyk, Joseph; Pauls, Merril; Fridfinnson, Jason; Weldon, Erin

    2014-03-21

    Recent surveys suggest few emergency medicine (EM) training programs have formal evidence-based medicine (EBM) or journal club curricula. Our primary objective was to describe the methods of EBM training in Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) EM residencies. Secondary objectives were to explore attitudes regarding current educational practices including e-learning, investigate barriers to journal club and EBM education, and assess the desire for national collaboration. A 16-question survey containing binary, open-ended, and 5-pt Likert scale questions was distributed to the 14 RCPSC-EM program directors. Proportions of respondents (%), median, and IQR are reported. The response rate was 93% (13/14). Most programs (85%) had established EBM curricula. Curricula content was delivered most frequently via journal club, with 62% of programs having 10 or more sessions annually. Less than half of journal clubs (46%) were led consistently by EBM experts. Four programs did not use a critical appraisal tool in their sessions (31%). Additional teaching formats included didactic and small group sessions, self-directed e-learning, EBM workshops, and library tutorials. 54% of programs operated educational websites with EBM resources. Program directors attributed highest importance to two core goals in EBM training curricula: critical appraisal of medical literature, and application of literature to patient care (85% rating 5 - "most importance", respectively). Podcasts, blogs, and online journal clubs were valued for EBM teaching roles including creating exposure to literature (4, IQR 1.5) and linking literature to clinical practice experience (4, IQR 1.5) (1-no merit, 5-strong merit). Five of thirteen respondents rated lack of expert leadership and trained faculty educators as potential limitations to EBM education. The majority of respondents supported the creation of a national unified EBM educational resource (4, IQR 1) (1-no support, 5- strongly

  9. Borderline personality disorder features predict negative outcomes 2 years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagge, Courtney; Nickell, Angela; Stepp, Stephanie; Durrett, Christine; Jackson, Kristina; Trull, Timothy J

    2004-05-01

    In a sample of 351 young adults, the authors assessed whether borderline personality disorder (BPD) features prospectively predicted negative outcomes (poorer academic achievement and social maladjustment) over the subsequent 2 years, over and above gender and both Axis I and Axis II psychopathology. Borderline traits were significantly related to these outcomes, with impulsivity and affective instability the most highly associated. The present findings suggest that the impulsivity and affective instability associated with BPD leads to impairment in relating well with others, in meeting social role obligations, and in academic or occupational achievement. Therefore, these may be especially important features to target in interventions for BPD.

  10. Breastfeeding Duration and Anogenital Distance in 2-Year-Old Infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega-García, Juan Antonio; Olano-Soler, Henry Andrés; Martínez-Álvarez, Ana; Campillo-López, Ferran; Gomariz-Peñalver, Virtudes; Mendiola-Olivares, Jaime; Iglesias-Gómez, Carlos; Escribano-Muñoz, Arancha

    2016-09-01

    The anogenital distance (AGD) is an anthropometric marker determined by exposures to androgens in utero and throughout the first few months of life. Early exposures to endocrine-disrupting chemicals such as phthalates have been significantly associated with shortened AGD in boys. Limited studies have explored phthalate concentrations in breast milk and infant formula. To explore the associations between breastfeeding duration and AGD measures in infants. MALAMA (Medio Ambiente y Lactancia Materna) is a follow-up study of 430 mother-child pairs, from birth to 2 years, from two population-based cohorts in Murcia, Spain. Data were collected through medical visits and telephone surveys from birth to 2 years of age. World Health Organization breastfeeding definitions were used. AGD measurements were assessed in a subsample of 71 boys and 49 girls at the 2-year visit. Descriptive analyses, Pearson correlations, and linear regressions were calculated between AGD and breastfeeding duration. Duration of all types of breastfeeding, especially full breastfeeding (FB), is correlated with AGD measures in boys (p < 0.05). AGDAS (anoscrotal distance) and AGDAP (anopenile distance) were positively associated with FB (β = 0.004, 95%CI: 0.001-0.007 and β = 0.003, 95%CI: 0.000-0.007, respectively). A positive correlation between AGD in male infants and the duration of breastfeeding is reported. Inversely, early introduction of infant formula could lead to the reduction of AGD in boys.

  11. 75 FR 76082 - Agency Information Collection; Gravesite Reservation Survey (2-Year) Activity Under OMB Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-07

    ... correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Denise McLamb, Enterprise Records Service (005R1B), Department...-0443 or e-mail denise.mclamb@va.gov . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-0546'' In any...: December 1, 2010. By direction of the Secretary. Denise McLamb, Program Analyst, Enterprise Records...

  12. A Survey and Issue Analysis of College Students Studying English Situation in Gansu%甘肃省大学生英语学习现状调查与问题分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石林平; 张东红

    2011-01-01

    对甘肃省大学生的英语学习现状进行了调查,调查涉及学习者的学习策略、对教师教学方法的评价和要求,对自身学习及学习策略的评估、以及第二课堂等方面问题。依据调查分析结果提出了十二条教学建议。%The author has made a survey about college students studying English situations. The survey involves learners' learning strategies, the evaluation and requirements on teachers'teaching methods, learners themselves, learning strategies and the second class, etc. According to the results of the analysis of the survey, the author puts out eleven suggestions on teaching.

  13. Survey and Analysis on the Occupational Stress of Private College Teachers in Ji'nan City%济南市民办高校教师职业压力调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍雨艳; 张苗宇; 白婧; 贾甜甜

    2015-01-01

    Private higher education has become an important component of China's education system and is developing rapidly in recent years. There is a huge gap on the wages and welfare benefits, professional title appraisal and social status between private colleges and public colleges, resulting in increasingly prominent occupational stress of private college teachers, and severely affecting their physical and psychological health as well as the development of their colleges. Therefore, it is of great real-istic significance to survey and analyze the source and current situation of private college teachers' occupational stress. "Ques-tionnaire on Sources of College Teachers' Occupational Stress" by Shu Renlong[1] was adopted by this paper to measure the occupa-tional stress of private college teachers in Ji'nan City, and the re-sult shows that the overall stress of private college teachers has exceeded the moderate level, and the occupational stress of pro-fessional teachers is closely related to such sources as scientific research and evaluation, and besides, there are differences on different demographic variables.%民办高等教育现已成为我国教育体系中的重要组成部分,近年来发展迅速。民办高校教师在工资福利待遇、职称评定以及社会地位等方面与公办高校的教师存在较大差距,其职业压力也日益明显,严重影响其身心健康及所在高校的发展。因此,对民办高校教师的职业压力来源及现状进行调查分析,具有重要的现实意义。本研究采用束仁龙[1]的《高校教师职业压力来源问卷》对济南市民办高校教师进行职业压力测量,结果显示,民办高校教师总体压力已超过中等水平,专职教师的职业压力与科研、考核等压力源关联度较大,且在不同人口学变量上存在差异。

  14. Tetanus trismus in a 2 year old child: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menon Narayanankutty Sunilkumar, Vadakut Krishnan Parvathy

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Tetanus is still a major cause of mortality and morbidity in developing countries. It occurs in children mainly in the unimmunized, due to parental ignorance and objection to vaccination. This potentially fatal disease caused by a neurotoxin, tetanospasmin released from wounds infected with Clostridium tetani, an anaerobic gram–positive bacillus. As tetanus becomes less common, cases are likely to be misdiagnosed or go unrecognized. In this case report, we present a case of tetanus in a partially immunized 2 year old girl who presented with trismus. She was treated with the recent recommendations and adequate supportive care. Detection of tetanus at a very early stage can favor lifesaving interventions. Trismus, infected wound and partially immunized/unimmunized status of a child were the key features leading to the prompt diagnosis and early treatment.

  15. Supplemental Colleges

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The Supplemental Colleges layer attempts to capture additional Post Secondary Education campuses of colleges and universities associated with a single campus listed...

  16. 芜湖市大学生减肥现状调查分析%Survey on the weight loss status in college students in Wuhu city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁岭; 李涛; 丁虹; 丁书姝

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解芜湖市大学生减肥的一般情况,通过调查分析减肥对大学生身心健康的影响,为指导大学生科学减肥提供依据。方法:采取分层整群抽样方法调查6所高校在校大学生共1231名(其中有效问卷1167份),采用自填问卷的方式进行调查,内容包括一般情况、减肥情况及心理健康状况。结果:1167名调查对象中,81人(6.9%)体质量指数超重或肥胖,但减肥的人数高达392人(33.6%),减肥人群中具有焦虑特征的人数为62人(15.8%),与不减肥组相比差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);具有抑郁特征的人数为163人(41.6%),与不减肥组相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:该市部分大学生存在盲目减肥的现象,因此,提倡正确的减肥方式,提高大学生身心健康具有重要意义。%Objective:To investigate the weight loss status in local college students from Wuhu city and the impact of this incline on their physical and mental health for health education evidence for this group of population .Methods:By stratified cluster sampling ,we conducted a survey on 1 231 students from six local higher institutions with self-administered questionnaire that included general data,weight loss status and self-rated mental health condition. Results:Of the final 1 167 respondents,392(33.6%) were losing weight,yet 81(6.9%)reported still being overweight or obese by BMI.Sixty-two sub-jects (15.8%) were found to be in anxiety state,and 163(41.6%) in depressed mood.The former group showed no statistical difference(P>0.05), whereas the latter group had(P<0.05),as compared with the subjects without weight loss arrangement.Conclusion:Unreasoning follow with weight loss remains popular in some of the local college students.Therefore,this group of population shall be educated with right conception towards body image in or-der to improve their physical and mental health .

  17. A survey on AIDS discrimination among medical college students%医学院校学生艾滋病歧视现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘家虹; 姜红英; 陈红; 廖清华; 付俊; 卢飞豹; 刘伟新; 李悦

    2009-01-01

    Objective To understand the related knowledge, discrimination attitudes toward HIV/ AIDS among medical college students, and to provide scientific evidence for further HIV/AIDS anti-discrimination intervention. Methods By means of stratified cluster sannpling to classes, 2844 undergraduate students were randomly selected from medical colleges. A self-deaigned and serf-administered questionnaire survey was conducted, and SPSS 13.0 software was used for data analysis. Results 2501 valid questionnaires had been collected. The overall HIV/AIDS knowledge convera.ge rate of the respondents was 73.1% (1828/2501) ; The HIV/AIDS discrimination rates in different questions were varying, the discrimination rate of infected with AIDS by bad sex and sharing needles was 83.1% (2078/2501) and 77.7% (1943/2501)respectively,the discrimination rates in term of contacting with HIV patients and their daily necessities, sharing desks, personal social were all exceeding 40% . Conclusion The medical students held serious discrimination attitudes to HIV infected persons and panients; it is necessary to strengthen anti-discrimination education about HIV/AIDS among medical students.%目的 了解医学院校学生对艾滋病相关知识、歧视态度情况,为进一步开展艾滋病反歧视干预工作提供科学依据.方法 以班级为单位采用分层整群抽样法,从某医学院本科生中抽取2844名,采用自行设计的问卷以学生自填方式进行调查,采用SPSS 13.0软件进行统计分析.结果 共收集有效问卷2501份.调查对象艾滋病相关知识知晓率为73.1%(1828/2501);对HIV感染者和AIDS患者不同问题的歧视率不同,对不良性行为、共用针具感染艾滋病的歧视态度高达83.1%(2078/2501)、77.7%(1943/2501),对于身体接触、接触其生活用品、共用课桌、个人社交的歧视率均在40%以上.结论 医学院校学生对HIV感染者/AIDS患者歧视严重,亟须加强医学院校学生艾滋病反歧视教育.

  18. A Survey Report of Career Interests of Normal College Students%高师大学生职业兴趣现状调查--以陇东学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎晓娜; 安广秦; 何兴艳

    2013-01-01

    为了解高师大学生职业兴趣的现状,采用陈社育于1997年依据霍兰德的职业兴趣量表修订的基于中国国情的职业兴趣问卷,运用问卷调查法和数据统计法,对110名在校大学生实施调查。结果显示,高师大学生职业兴趣在性别、生源地、学科方面差异非常显著,在年级方面差异不显著。由此可以得出结论:大学生职业兴趣呈现多元化发展。%To understand the present conditions of vocational interests of normal college students ,the research adopts the career interests questionnaire based on the situation of China as a survey tool , which was developed by Chen Sheyu on the theory of Holland in 1997 .By the survey method and statistical analysis ,the study investigates 100 col-lege students in Longdong University .The result shows that:The career interests of normal college students have a clear difference in the aspects of gender ,origin of students ,and discipline ,except the grade .So the conclusion could been drawn that the career interest of college students has been developed diversely .

  19. Sport Management Survey. Employment Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quain, Richard J.; Parks, Janet B.

    1986-01-01

    A survey of sport management positions was designed to determine projected vacancy rates in six sport management career areas. Respondents to the survey were also questioned regarding their awareness of college professional preparation programs. Results are presented. (MT)

  20. 大学生宗教经验触发因素的现状调查%A Survey on Triggers of Religious Experiences in College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋兴川; 刘怀英

    2016-01-01

    采用自编的大学生宗教经验触发因素问卷,对620名大学生宗教经验触发因素进行调查。研究发现:宗教经验触发因素对大学生的总体影响作用接近一般水平;大学生宗教经验触发各因素均值存在显著差异;宗教经验触发因素各个维度上的均值由大到小依次为审美与创造、群体仪式行为、边缘处境、个体仪式行为以及音乐;最容易产生宗教经验的是审美与创造以及群体仪式行为,而个体仪式行为以及音乐的触发作用相对最弱;性别因素在宗教经验触发因素总分上不存在显著的差异,但在边缘处境、音乐上,男生均显著高于女生。%In the current study,the survey on trigger factors of religious experiences was conducted with sample of 620 college students. The results demonstrated that the general effect from trigger factors of religious experiences was close to the average level; while all of the mean of trigger factors was significant different. In addition,the order for the mean of each factor from the largest to smallest was: aesthetic for beauty and creation,communal ritual behaviors,marginal situation,individual ritual behaviors,and music. In other words,the religious experiences was highly possible generated by aesthetic for beauty and creation,relatively less possible to be generated by individual ritual behaviors and music. In term of gender,there was no significant difference on the total score of trigger factors,but female was significantly higher than male subjects on marginal situation and music.

  1. A Survey of Mental Health on College Students before Graduation%大学生毕业前心理健康调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振国; 刘少文; 赵虎; 杨凤霞; 王永华

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the mental health of university students before graduation.Methods: By cluster sampling,457 university students before graduation were assessed with SCL-90. Results: The most common mental health problems of pregraduation college students were compulsion and interpersonal sensitivity, and girls suffered more than boys. Conclusion: Most of the college students were in perfect mental health conditions. Environment and sex were important factors affecting mental health of university students.

  2. Revising a College 101 Course for Sustained Impact: Early Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Melinda Mechur; Raufman, Julia; Efthimiou, Chris; Ritze, Nancy

    2017-01-01

    In response to strikingly low completion rates in public 2-year colleges, including for students who are well-prepared academically, most community colleges across the country offer student success courses as one approach to improving outcomes for students. Some colleges have begun to revise these courses in response to research indicating that…

  3. Revising a College 101 Course for Sustained Impact: Early Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Melinda Mechur; Raufman, Julia; Efthimiou, Chris; Ritze, Nancy

    2017-01-01

    In response to strikingly low completion rates in public 2-year colleges, including for students who are well-prepared academically, most community colleges across the country offer student success courses as one approach to improving outcomes for students. Some colleges have begun to revise these courses in response to research indicating that…

  4. Did Better Colleges Bring Better Jobs? Estimating the Effects of College Quality on Initial Employment for College Graduates in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Li

    2017-01-01

    The unemployment problem of college students in China has drawn much attention from academics and society. Using the 2011 College Student Labor Market (CSLM) survey data from Tsinghua University, this paper estimated the effects of college quality on initial employment, including employment status and employment unit ownership for fresh college…

  5. And the Survey Says ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Susan C.

    2013-01-01

    Two-Year Colleges, Physics Majors, and Diversity. As noted last month, we're taking a look at physics in two-year colleges (TYCs). We expect to have the first reports from our 2012-13 Nationwide Survey of High School Physics Teachers in the spring of 2014. Last month we noted that the high school physics experience of undergraduate physics…

  6. Surveys and Benchmarks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bers, Trudy

    2012-01-01

    Surveys and benchmarks continue to grow in importance for community colleges in response to several factors. One is the press for accountability, that is, for colleges to report the outcomes of their programs and services to demonstrate their quality and prudent use of resources, primarily to external constituents and governing boards at the state…

  7. College Student Stress and Satisfaction with Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    The following study was performed to determine if general life satisfaction is negatively correlated with college student stress. We administered the satisfaction with life scale (Diener et al., 1985), college student stress scale (Feldt, 2008) and a brief demographics survey to a sample of college students at a regional southwestern university in…

  8. College Student Stress and Satisfaction with Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    The following study was performed to determine if general life satisfaction is negatively correlated with college student stress. We administered the satisfaction with life scale (Diener et al., 1985), college student stress scale (Feldt, 2008) and a brief demographics survey to a sample of college students at a regional southwestern university in…

  9. 高校英语教师批判式阅读教学的态度与意识调查研究%A Survey and Research of the College English Teachers’ Attitude and Consciousness of Critical Reading Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩; 田秀峰

    2014-01-01

    批判式阅读是一种以培养学生综合语言能力为核心的教学方法。通过对河北省5所高校100余名英语教师的问卷调查和访谈发现:高校英语教师对批判式阅读教学理论和教学策略的认知有待进一步深化;在教学实践过程中仍需要进一步转变教学观念,在拓展学生语言知识的同时兼顾学生批判性思维能力及评析能力的培养。%Critical Reading Teaching is to Cultivate the students' comprehensive language ability as the core of the teaching method. By conducting a survey and an interview of nearly 100 college English teachers from five universities in Hebei Providence, It is shown that college English teach-ers’ cognition of the teaching theory and teaching strategies of critical reading need to be deepened; Furthermore,during the teaching process,college English teachers’ teaching con-cept needs to be altered,and on the basis of the expansion of students language knowledge,they should focus on the cultivation of students’ critical thinking ability as well as their analysis capability.

  10. 新媒体环境下大学生媒介素养现状调查研究%A survey of college students' medium literacy in the situation of new media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王刚

    2015-01-01

    采用问卷调研法对安徽某院校大学生媒介素养进行调查,结果表明大学生媒介的使用存在偏差,媒介知识缺乏系统性和科学性,媒介判断和反思意识薄弱,媒介创作能力层次较低,缺乏必要的媒介道德自律能力。通过利用已有课程、整合教学内容,开设专门课程、加强能力培养,建设数字资源、注重自我提升等途径可以提高大学生媒介素养。%Questionnaires are administered to do a survey of the medium literacy of college students in a university of Anhui. The results show that college students make some mistakes when using media, are poorly equipped with systematic and scientific media knowledge, have weak consciousness in media judgment and reflection, poor in medium creation ability, and lack necessary self-discipline competence in medium morality. It is proposed that the current courses be used, the teaching content be optimized to provide special courses for promoting competence cultivation, digital resources be constructed to improve college students' medium literacy.

  11. 社会对高职院校毕业生能力需求的调查与分析%Survey of Capacity Requirements of Vocational College Graduates from Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝志刚; 陈磊

    2011-01-01

    Surveys of some one hundred employing units show that what enterprises greatly value in vocational college graduates is their professional ethics and dedication and what they eagerly hope is for colleges to make greater efforts to cultivate students' comprehensive abilities and professional skills. 80% employers make a point of recruiting those whose specialty matches the job. Vocational colleges must lay emphasis on education of students' outlook on employment and life, upgrade their professional morality, improve their comprehensive quality and professional skills and broaden school -- enterprise cooperation.%通过对百家用人单位的调查,发现企业在招聘时最看重高职毕业生的职业道德和敬业精神,企业最希望学校能在学生综合素质和专业技能方面加大培养力度。高职院校应加强学生择业观和人生观教育,提高职业道德素养;开展素质拓展,全方位提高学生综合素质;拓宽校企合作空间,提升学生专业技能。

  12. What College Leaders Earn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lederan, Douglas; Magner, Denise

    1994-01-01

    A national survey of private colleges and universities revealed a wide range of salaries and benefits paid to chief executives and other highly paid individuals. Concerns about administrator and faculty salaries are discussed, including federal regulation of "excessive" pay, privacy issues, forms of compensation, and disparity among and within…

  13. Parental Influence on College and Vocational Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venerable, Wilbur R.

    1974-01-01

    Reports on a survey made of 300 freshmen college students on the amount of perceived parental influence on college and vocational choice. Although students surveyed indicated that they made their own decisions, most said that they sought parental advice on important issues. (Author/PC)

  14. Negative Emotions Survey of College Students Who had Left-behind Experience%留守经历大学生负性情感现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田玉霞

    2014-01-01

    This study selected experiences in childhood have left behind students as research subjects, on the basis of em-pirical research on college students from staying experience negative emotions and those left behind gender, and other factors of the relationship between the professional school, the length of time left behind the effects of different stages of the stay ex-perience college students staying negative emotional experiences staying differences and stay experience negative emotions am-ong college students between college students and non-college students staying negative emotional impact on their learning and interpersonal aspects of the four aspects, the system of rear college students experience negative emotional aspects.%本研究选取在童年期有留守经历的大学生作为研究对象,在实证研究的基础上,从留守经历大学生的负性情感与留守者的性别、所学专业等因素之间的关系、留守时间的长短、不同留守阶段对留守经历大学生的负性情感的影响、留守经历大学生与非留守大学生之间负性情感之间的差别和留守经历大学生的负性情感对其学习及人际关系方面的影响四个方面入手,系统研究留守经历大学生负性情感方面的现状。

  15. An Evaluation of the Savannah Early College Program: An Action Oriented Research Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearse, Douglas

    2013-01-01

    The Savannah Early College Program (SECP) opened its doors in August 2007 to make a difference in the lives of all students who enrolled. Its primary mission was to combine academic rigor and support to help students enter college early and graduate from high school with up to 2 years of college credit. Since SECP joined the Early College High…

  16. 艺术院校大学生性心理健康状况调查%The sex psychology health status survey among art college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻轲

    2015-01-01

    Objectives:To understand the mental health status of art college students,in order to provide basis for psychological health education in particular for reform and implementing of health education.Methods:481 college students were randomly selected and tested by Puberty Psycho Sexual Health Scale.The data were ana-lyzed by SPSS 17.0.Results:The art college students and non -art college students had significant differences in the sexual attitude.Non -art students were more positive and healthy in sexual value.Male and female students in art college had a very significant difference in sex attitude.Female students were more positive and active than male students.Conclusion:Health mentality of non -art college students is better than that of art college students.The psychological health of female students in art college is better than male students.%目的:了解艺术学院大学生性心理健康的现状,为心理健康教育特别是性健康教育的教学实施和改革提供依据。方法:随机抽取481名大学生,用青春期心理健康量表进行测试,SPSS17.0进行数据统计分析。结果:(1)艺术学院大学生和非艺术学院大学生在性观念和性态度上有显著性差异,非艺术类大学生在性价值观的表现上更积极和健康;(2)艺术学院大学生中男生和女生在性态度上有非常明显的差异性,女生比男生在对待性的问题的态度上更加正面和积极。结论:非艺术学院大学生的性心理健康状况优于艺术学院大学生,艺术学院的女生性心理健康状况好于男生。

  17. Higher Tetanus Toxoid Immunity 2 Years After PsA-TT Introduction in Mali.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basta, Nicole E; Borrow, Ray; Berthe, Abdoulaye; Onwuchekwa, Uma; Dembélé, Awa Traoré Eps; Almond, Rachael; Frankland, Sarah; Patel, Sima; Wood, Daniel; Nascimento, Maria; Manigart, Olivier; Trotter, Caroline L; Greenwood, Brian; Sow, Samba O

    2015-11-15

    In 2010, mass vaccination with a then-new meningococcal A polysaccharide-tetanus toxoid protein conjugate vaccine (PsA-TT, or MenAfriVac) was undertaken in 1- to 29-year-olds in Bamako, Mali. Whether vaccination with PsA-TT effectively boosts tetanus immunity in a population with heterogeneous baseline tetanus immunity is not known. We assessed the impact of PsA-TT on tetanus toxoid (TT) immunity by quantifying age- and sex-specific immunity prior to and 2 years after introduction. Using a household-based, age-stratified design, we randomly selected participants for a prevaccination serological survey in 2010 and a postvaccination survey in 2012. TT immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies were quantified and geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) pre- and postvaccination among all age groups targeted for vaccination were compared. The probability of TT IgG levels ≥0.1 IU/mL (indicating short-term protection) and ≥1.0 IU/mL (indicating long-term protection) by age and sex was determined using logistic regression models. Analysis of 793 prevaccination and 800 postvaccination sera indicated that while GMCs were low pre-PsA-TT, significantly higher GMCs in all age-sex strata were observed 2 years after PsA-TT introduction. The percentage with short-term immunity increased from 57.1% to 88.4% (31.3-point increase; 95% confidence interval [CI], 26.6-36.0;, P tetanus immunity. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

  18. 高职学生自主学习能力现状调查及分析--以武汉软件工程职业学院为例%Survey and Analysis on Vocational College Students’ Independent Learning Ability---Taking Wuhan Vocational College of Software and Engineering as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红

    2015-01-01

    Based on the data of the Survey of Vocational College Students’ Independent Learning Ability , the paper makes analysis from the following four aspects :motivation , study strategy ,self‐control ,and information ability ,and puts forward some teaching sug‐gestions .%本文针对《高职学生自主学习能力现状问卷调查》的统计结果,从学习动机、学习策略、自我管理、信息能力四个方面进行了分析,并提出了相应的教学建议。

  19. Survey on Influencing Factors of Sleep Quality in Private College Students%民办高校大学生睡眠质量的影响因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐美秀; 陈玉柱; 刘娟

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impact factors of sleep quality in private college students so as to take targeted guidance and management measures. Methods Totally 417 students of a private college were randomly selected to serve as the study objects. A questionnaire survey was conducted using Interpersonal Relationship Rating Scale, Stress Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale. And the data were processed using SPSS 13.0 statistical analysis software. Results Private college students had sleep disorders. There were statistically significant differences in total sleep time, online time and interpersonal relationship between male and female college students (P<0.01). Multivariate regression analysis showed that the pressure and sleep time of college students were the major risk factors for sleep quality (P<0.01). Conclusions Sleep quality of private college students is related to multiple factors. It is suggested to improve sleep quality through decompression and management for rest.%目的 了解民办高校大学生睡眠质量的影响因素,从而采取有针对性的指导和管理. 方法 以某民办高校部分在校大学生为研究对象,随机抽取417人,采用人际关系评定量表、压力量表及匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表进行问卷调查.采用SPSS13.0统计分析软件进行数据处理. 结果 民办高校大学生睡眠障碍,男女大学生总睡眠时间、上网时间、人际关系比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);多元回归分析显示,压力和入睡时间是影响大学生睡眠质量的主要危险因素(P<0.01). 结论民办高校大学生睡眠质量与多因素有关,建议通过减压和作息管理提高大学生睡眠质量.

  20. Community College Survey of Student Engagement in the USA and Its Enlightenments%美国社区学院学生参与度调查方法与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴智泉; 罗映霞; 赵楠

    2015-01-01

    美国"社区学院学生参与度调查"(CCSSE)以学习者为中心,以可显现的证据为基础,对于社区学院的教学质量起到了独特的评价和诊断作用.社区学院学生参与度调查的评价指标包括五项,即主动合作学习、生师互动、学业挑战、学生努力、支持学生,涵盖38个具体调查问题.现有的研究已经验证,学生参与度与学业成就之间具有相关性,CCSSE测量学生参与度,对监督教学过程、保证学生取得学业成就具有明显效果.对提高高职院校的课程教学质量具有启示作用.%The "Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE)", with learners as the center, based on the evidence which can be seen, has played a unique role for community college in teaching quality evaluation and diagnosis. CCSSE includes five benchmarks, namely active and collaborative learning, student-faculty interaction, academic challenge, student effort, support for learners, and 38 survey items. There is the correlation between student engagement and academic achievement which is validated by the existing studies. The relevant practices and studies have shown that it has high validity and reliability in monitoring teaching process and improving the student academic achievement. It has enlightenments for the development of teaching quality of higher vocational colleges about in China.

  1. 大学生搜索引擎使用行为调查与评价研究%Survey and Evaluation of Search Engine Using Behaviors of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方赛丽; 徐明; 陈晞维

    2013-01-01

      随着信息时代的快速发展,搜索引擎成为人们获取信息的主要工具。大学生作为网络时代的主力军,对搜索引擎的使用有着更高的敏感度。通过问卷调查法,分析发现大学生使用搜索引擎虽然频繁,但缺乏有效的搜索技巧,同时搜索引擎自身也存在着不足之处。为此,高校应辅以专业课程培训,提高大学生的搜索技巧与信息素养;搜索引擎开发公司应以用户体验为本,针对用户需求不断改进和完善搜索功能,以期推动大学生进一步优化、科学有效地使用搜索引擎。%With the rapid development of the information age , the search engine has become a main tool for people to get informa-tion.College students as the main force of the network times , they have a higher sensitivity about search engines .Questionnaire survey shows that college students use search engines frequently , but they lack effective search techniques;and the search engine itself still exists deficiencies.Therefore, colleges and universities should be supplemented with professional training courses to improve students'search skills and information literacy.Search engine companies should be based on the user experience , and successively improve the search function according to user needs so as to promote the college students to use the search engine scientifically and effectively.

  2. A Survey on the Vocational College Students’ Cognition Attitude of Traditional Culture in Southern Jiangsu Province%苏南地区高职生对传统文化认知态度调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玮; 蒋蓉

    2013-01-01

    近年来,随着我国改革开放的不断深入,文化多元化趋势也日益凸显,对高职院校的内在精神结构和文化品质产生了严重的冲击。通过对苏南地区五所高职院校的调查发现,在校高职生对中国传统文化的认知程度还比较低,但是他们对传统文化的生存和发展比较关心,说明他们具有较强的责任心和民族荣誉感。逐步引导在校高职生传承中国传统文化,既有利于他们树立正确的文化观,同时也能增强思想政治教育的实效性。%In recent years, with the deepening of reform and opening-up, the trend of cultural diversity has become increasingly prominent, giving dramatic impact on the internal mental structure and cultural quality of vocational colleges. The survey of five vocational colleges in the southern areas of Jiangsu Province founds that, vocational students lack the traditional Chinese cultural awareness, but they show concern for the survival and development of traditional culture.They have a strong sense of responsibility and the sense of national honor. Guiding vocational college students to inherit Chinese traditional culture step by step helps students to establish a correct view of culture, and at the same time enhances the effectiveness of college ideological and political education.

  3. Empirical Research of College Students' Alternative Frameworks of Particle Mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hongmei

    2010-01-01

    Based on the constructive theory, about 300 college students of grade 05 of the electronic information specialty of Dezhou University are surveyed for their alternative frameworks of particle mechanics in college physics in this article. In the survey, the questionnaires are used to find out college students' alternative frameworks, and the…

  4. Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviors of California Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trieu, Sang Leng; Bratton, Sally; Marshak, Helen Hopp

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To explore the sexual and reproductive health behaviors of students from 13 community college campuses in California. Participants: Heterosexual college students, ages 18 to 24, who have had sexual intercourse (N = 4,487). Methods: The American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment (ACHA-NCHA) survey was…

  5. Diagnostic accuracy of ACR/EULAR 2010 criteria for rheumatoid arthritis in a 2-year cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varache, Sophie; Cornec, Divi; Morvan, Johanne; Devauchelle-Pensec, Valérie; Berthelot, Jean-Marie; Le Henaff-Bourhis, Catherine; Hoang, Sylvie; Thorel, Jean-Baptiste; Martin, Antoine; Chalès, Gérard; Nowak, Emmanuel; Jousse-Joulin, Sandrine; Youinou, Pierre; Saraux, Alain

    2011-07-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) and 1987 ACR criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the respective role of the algorithm and scoring of the ACR/EULAR. In total, 270 patients with recent-onset arthritis of EULAR scoring, and in the overall population classified according the full tree. At baseline, 111 of the 270 patients had better alternative diagnoses and 16 had erosions typical for RA; of the 143 remaining patients, 52 had more than 6 ACR/EULAR 2010 points (indicating definite RA) and 91 had fewer than 6 points. After 2 years, 11/16 patients with erosions and 40/52 with more than 6 points had RA. 100 of the 270 patients met the reference standard for RA. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of the ACR/EULAR (full tree) were 51/100 (51%), 153/170 (90%), 51/68 (75.4%), and 153/202 (75.7%), respectively. Diagnostic accuracies of the ACR/EULAR score and ACR 1987 criteria were not statistically different. Much of the improvement of the ACR/EULAR criteria was ascribable to the use of exclusion criteria in the algorithm.

  6. Practical prediction model for the risk of 2-year mortality of individuals in the general population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldfarb-Rumyantzev, Alexander; Gautam, Shiva; Brown, Robert S

    2016-04-01

    This study proposed to validate a prediction model and risk-stratification tool of 2-year mortality rates of individuals in the general population suitable for office practice use. A risk indicator (R) derived from data in the literature was based on only 6 variables: to calculate R for an individual, starting with 0, for each year of age above 60, add 0.14; for a male, add 0.9; for diabetes mellitus, add 0.7; for albuminuria > 30 mg/g of creatinine, add 0.7; for stage ≥ 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD), add 0.9; for cardiovascular disease (CVD), add 1.4; or for both CKD and CVD, add 1.7. We developed a univariate logistic regression model predicting 2-year individual mortality rates. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data set (1999-2004 with deaths through 2006) was used as the target for validation. These 12,515 subjects had a mean age of 48.9 ± 18.1 years, 48% males, 9.5% diabetes, 11.7% albuminuria, 6.8% CVD, 5.4% CKD, and 2.8% both CKD and CVD. Using the risk indicator R alone to predict mortality demonstrated good performance with area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.84. Dividing subjects into low-risk (R=0-1.0), low intermediate risk (R > 1.0-3.0), high intermediate risk (R > 3.0-5.0) or high-risk (R > 5.0) categories predicted 2-year mortality rates of 0.52%, 1.44%, 5.19% and 15.24%, respectively, by the prediction model compared with actual mortality rates of 0.29%, 2.48%, 5.13% and 13.40%, respectively. We have validated a model of risk stratification using easily identified clinical characteristics to predict 2-year mortality rates of individuals in the general population. The model demonstrated performance adequate for its potential use for clinical practice and research decisions.

  7. Survey and analysis of the career planning of college nursing students%高校护生职业生涯规划调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟绍玉; 岳琳; 肖小华

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解高护生职业生涯规划的现状及职业决策困难程度,为更好地开展高护生职业生涯教育提供理论依据.方法 采用《高护生职业生涯规划问卷》和《大学生职业决策困难问卷》量表对300名护理专科生进行随机分层调查.结果 不同年级、不同性别的高护生个人职业生涯规划评分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),职业决策困难评分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 高护生职业规划能力较差,职业决策存在一定困难,大学二年级和男护生更明显.高护生职业生涯规划教育应体现年级及性别的特点,应重点加强男护生职业规划教育.%Objective To investigate the status quo of career planning and the difficulty of career - related decision - making among college nursing students, and offer theoretical underpinnings for career education of college nursing students. Methods Two questionnaires, namely, career planning of college nursing students and the difficulties of career - related decision - making of college students, were employed to investigate a stratified random sampling of 300 nursing students. Results There were significant differences in careering planning of college nursing students with different grades and genders (P<0.05). But no difference was found in difficulties of career - related decision-making. Conclusion Generally, college nursing students are poor at career planning and career - related decision- making, which is obviously reflected in sophomores and male nursing students- Career planning education of college nursing students should be differentiated between grades and genders, and more efforts should be paid to career planning education of male nursing students.

  8. College Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    College life involves excitement, along with new challenges, risks, and responsibilities. You are meeting new people, learning ... stay healthy and safe while you're in college: Eat a balanced diet Get enough sleep Get ...

  9. Surveying and Thinking of College English Teaching in Vocational Colleges from Angles of Students and Teachers —Taking Wuhan Vocational College of Software and Engineering as an Example%教学主体和教学主导双重视角下的高职公共英语教学调查及思考——以武汉软件工程职业学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王九程

    2012-01-01

    本研究以同一份问卷,调查教学主体(学生)和教学主导(教师)对高职公共英语教学的意见,对调查结果进行了对比、思考,总结了口语学习、自主学习、教学评价等6个方面的情况,并就深化公共英语教改,加快教师自我发展、口语教学等方面提出了举措和见解。%By means of the same questionnaire,the research surveys students' and teachers' opinions on College English teaching in vocational colleges,compares and thinks about the results,and makes a summary of such six aspects as oral learning,autonomous learning,and teaching evaluation.Finally,the paper puts forward its measures and thinking on how to deepen teaching reform of College English,accelerate teachers' self-development,improve oral teaching and so on.

  10. Survey of health literacy level and related influencing factors in military college students in Chongqing, China: A cross-sectional analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rong, Honghui; Cheng, Xin; Garcia, Jose M; Zhang, Ling; Lu, Lu; Fang, Jian; Le, Mingshan; Hu, Peng; Dong, Xinlu; Yang, Junli; Wang, Ya; Luo, Ting; Liu, Jun; Chen, Ji-An

    2017-01-01

    Health literacy (HL) has become an important public health issue and is receiving growing attention. However, the HL levels of military college students in China have never been analyzed. This study aimed to investigate the HL and related associate factors in military college students in Chongqing, China. Data was obtained with the "Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (2012 edition)" from 3183 military college students aged 16-28 years at Chongqing in December 2015. A total score of ≥80 points determined adequate HL, and HL level was defined as the proportion of students who had adequate HL out of the total number of participants. Multiple logistic regression analysis with a stepwise forward likelihood ratio (LR) method was used to determine the effects of sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and family-related factors on HL level. The mean score of HL was 68.56, and the HL level of military college students was 21.05%; the overall knowledge rate was 71.33%. The independent factors that were associated with HL level were years in college, educational system, time playing online games, annual household income and father's education level. Senior (odds ratio [OR] = 1.229, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.018∼1.484), undergraduate (OR = 1.509, 95% CI 1.151∼1.978), time played games more than 5 hours each week (OR = 0.638, 95% CI 0.486∼0.837), annual household incomes more than 50,000 yuan (OR = 1.231, 95% CI 1.027∼1.476) and father's education level (high school: OR = 2.327, 95% CI 1.186∼4.565; university: OR = 2.450, 95% CI 1.244∼4.825), were independently associated with higher HL level. HL levels of military college students in Chongqing need to be improved across the board. Our data suggests that special emphasis should be placed on students in junior and those in the specialist educational system. School departments may also benefit from incorporating health literacy into their curricula and helping students manage the

  11. Survey of health literacy level and related influencing factors in military college students in Chongqing, China: A cross-sectional analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rong, Honghui; Cheng, Xin; Garcia, Jose M.; Zhang, Ling; Lu, Lu; Fang, Jian; Le, Mingshan; Hu, Peng; Dong, Xinlu; Yang, Junli; Wang, Ya; Luo, Ting; Liu, Jun

    2017-01-01

    Health literacy (HL) has become an important public health issue and is receiving growing attention. However, the HL levels of military college students in China have never been analyzed. This study aimed to investigate the HL and related associate factors in military college students in Chongqing, China. Data was obtained with the “Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (2012 edition)” from 3183 military college students aged 16–28 years at Chongqing in December 2015. A total score of ≥80 points determined adequate HL, and HL level was defined as the proportion of students who had adequate HL out of the total number of participants. Multiple logistic regression analysis with a stepwise forward likelihood ratio (LR) method was used to determine the effects of sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and family-related factors on HL level. The mean score of HL was 68.56, and the HL level of military college students was 21.05%; the overall knowledge rate was 71.33%. The independent factors that were associated with HL level were years in college, educational system, time playing online games, annual household income and father's education level. Senior (odds ratio [OR] = 1.229, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.018∼1.484), undergraduate (OR = 1.509, 95% CI 1.151∼1.978), time played games more than 5 hours each week (OR = 0.638, 95% CI 0.486∼0.837), annual household incomes more than 50,000 yuan (OR = 1.231, 95% CI 1.027∼1.476) and father's education level (high school: OR = 2.327, 95% CI 1.186∼4.565; university: OR = 2.450, 95% CI 1.244∼4.825), were independently associated with higher HL level. HL levels of military college students in Chongqing need to be improved across the board. Our data suggests that special emphasis should be placed on students in junior and those in the specialist educational system. School departments may also benefit from incorporating health literacy into their curricula and helping students

  12. College Drinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Harmful and Underage College Drinking Drinking affects college students, their families, and college communities at large. Researchers estimate that ... heavy drinking and alcohol-related consequences because of student expectations and social pressures at the start of the academic year. How ...

  13. College Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapa, Marisa; Galvan-De Leon, Vanessa; Solis, Judith; Mundy, Marie-Anne

    2014-01-01

    During the 79th Texas Legislature, the bill "Advancement of College Readiness in Curriculum" was passed (THECB). As a response to this, high schools and colleges have combined forming an early college high school. The result of this union was a program that condensed the time it took to complete both the high school diploma and up to two…

  14. A Survey on Health Literacy of Sports Majors College Students and its Improvement%体育专业大学生健康素养现状调查及提高措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧秋华; 马南京

    2014-01-01

    To understand the health literacy of sports majors’ college students, using of health literacy survey of Chinese residents, 420 sports Majors College students are conducted a survey of health literacy. The results showed that the students have the health literacy ratio is 6.90%, with basic knowledge and concepts, healthy lifestyles and behavior, three basic skills of literacy ratio is 19.29%, 1.19% and 72.38%; Category 5 health literacy problems scale are: safety and first aid literacy 67.14%, 23.09%of basic medical literacy, scientific view of health 16.43%, 9.05%quality chronic disease prevention, infectious disease prevention qualities of 5.95%. Thus, the health literacy of college students roughly the national average, did not vary due to a high level of education benefits, measures must be take to promote college students health literacy.%为了解体育专业大学生具备健康素养状况,采用中国居民健康素养调查问卷对体育专业大学生420人的健康素养进行了调查分析。结果显示,体育专业大学生具备健康素养的比例是6.90%,具备基本知识和理念、健康生活方式与行为、基本技能三方面素养的比例分别是19.29%、1.19%和72.38%;具备5类健康问题素养的比例分别是:安全与急救67.14%、基本医疗23.09%、科学健康观16.43%、慢性病预防9.05%、传染病预防5.95%。由此可见,体育专业大学生的健康素养和全国平均水平大致相当,并未因学历水平高而有所优势,必须采取措施促进体育专业大学生健康素养提高。

  15. A Survey about Sexual Cognition and Attitude among Female College Students in Hefei%合肥某高校大学女生性知识与性观念的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵敏; 王丽君; 程男平; 石雪梅; 孙玉荣; 王慧; 武松

    2013-01-01

    Objective To survey the current situation of female college students' understanding condition of sexual knowledge,and the conditions of demand for sexual health education with an aim to provide theoretical basis for the related health education conducted by colleges.Methods We conducted the whole group sampling questionnaire survey of 920 students aged 18-25 years old students.Then used the statistical software SPSS to input and analyze the raw materials.Results Female college students had incomprehensive and unsystematical knowledge of scientific sexual knowledge;their sexual concepts were influenced by both traditional thought and western culture and there existed misunderstandings;their ways to acquire sexual knowledge were limited and informal.Conclusion Colleges should conduct the related courses of sexual health education at regular intervals,which can spread the scientific sexual knowledge,set up the health sexual concept.%目的 调查某高校在校大学女生性知识认知现状、性健康教育的需求情况,为高校开展相关课程提供理论依据.方法 对某高校18~25岁大学女生920人进行整群抽样问卷调查,原始数据用SPSS统计软件进行录入与分析.结果 大学女生对科学的性知识掌握零散、不系统;性观念受传统思想和西方文化的共同影响,存在误区;获取性知识渠道狭窄、不正规.结论 高校应定期开展面向大学女生的性健康教育课程,普及科学的性知识,树立健康性观念,促进大学女生的身心健康发展.

  16. lnvestigating College Teachers’ lnstructional Design Competency:A Survey Study%大学教师教学设计能力知多少?--高校教师教学设计能力调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛群力; 钟丽佳; 张玉梅

    2015-01-01

    The quality of course design has been a significant concern in the reform of higher education. The compe-tency of instructional designers played an important role in improving teaching efficacy and students’ achievements. However, empirical studies on college teachers’ instructional design competency are scarce. Based on theoretical ana-lyses and experts’ consultations, this project was to develop a questionnaire to explore college teachers’ instructional design competency. The questionnaire consists of five dimensions:designing instructional objectives;designing instruc-tional contents;instructional implementation;front-end analysis and instructional evaluation. In addition, the study also investigated college teachers’ instructional cognitive ability and knowledge system. The study intended to learn how much college teachers know about the instructional design competency and what potential factors influence the de-velopment of the instructional design expertise. The study was a random survey among the universities in Zhejiang and Shanghai. Total 192 valid responses are collected via electronic and printed questionnaires. Upon variance, relevance and regression analysis, the key finding is:To some extent, the overall level of college teachers’ instructional design competency is unsatisfactory. Although the competency of instructional implementation is sufficient, the competency of instructional evaluation need to be developed. The noticeable difference between the novices and experts are in areas of designing instructional contents and instructional objectives. College teachers’ instructional cognitive abilities have in-fluential impacts on their instructional design competency. In addition, college teachers’ knowledge system can par-tially predict their development of competency of instructional design. In conclusion, the study attempted to provide the following suggestions to teachers and educators. There is an im-balance in five defined areas of

  17. Survey on College Students' Satisfaction With Life%杭州市大学生生活满意感调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静; 杨宏飞

    2003-01-01

    Objective:To investigate university studems'' satisfaction with life in Hangzhou.Methods:641 collge students from seven colleges were tested with The Satisfaction with Life Scale(SWLS) . Results: (1)University students generally hold medium satisfaction with life, (2)Female students were more satisfied than male students, and students from cities were more satisfied than those from countryside( P < 0.01 ). Only - child students were more satisfied than no - only - child students, and economically no- needy students were more satisfactory than needy students( P < 0.05). (3)There were significant differences between key uni-versity students and non- key colleges students( P < 0.01 ). Conclusion:The university students in Hangzhou are moderately sati-stied with life . How to improve their life satisfaction need further research.

  18. 大学生旅游者环境素养调查及环境教育研究%A survey on the environmental quality of college student tourists and study on environmental education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    是丽娜; 王国聘

    2011-01-01

    环境素养是关于环境知识和技能、情感和价值观以及行为的综合,对大学生旅游者环境素养的调查是实施环境教育的重要基础。以南京林业大学为研究对象,以配额抽样法探讨大学生旅游者学科专业、性别因素对环境素养水平的影响,研究发现当代大学生旅游者具有较好的环境意识和态度,具备锻炼成长为严格的生态旅游者的潜质,对旅游环境和生态知识的渴求和认知程度对整体环境素养水平有较大影响,然而也存在着知行脱节、环境行为滞后于环境意识的现象。应结合高校各学科教学与环境道德教育工作,合理设置相关课程,开展旅游环保实践活动,创建绿色校园,营造提升大学生旅游者环境素养的整体氛围。%Environmental quality is a complex about environmental knowledge and skills, emotion, values and behavior. A survey on the environmental quality of college student tourists is the important foundation of the environmental education implementation in colleges, Taking Nanjing Forestry University as the study object,the paper discusses the impact of discipline and gender factors on environmental quality by the quota sampling. The study indicates that the college student tourists have the better environmental consciousness, attitude and the potential to grow into a rigid ecotourists. The desire and cognition degree on tourism environment and ecological knowledge have a great influence on the overall environmental quality. However, there is the disconnection between knowledge and action and environmental behavior lags behind the environmental consciousness. It should combine the discipline teaching work and environmental moral education in colleges, set the related curriculum reasonably ,develop practice activities of tourism enviromnental protection and build a green campus in the hope of promoting the environmental quality of college student tourists.

  19. CME and the role of the Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London. Results of a survey of consultant and trainee physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, D; Toghill, P; Klär, B

    1996-01-01

    To assess (a) the views of Members and Fellows of the College on the role of reading general medical journals in continuing medical education (CME); (b) the place of the Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London (JRCPL) in relation to seven other general medical journals; (c) the possible need for change in the content of the JRCPL and the demand for a systematic series of articles designed specifically for CME; (d) the extent of home ownership and use of computers and of readers' readiness for interactive teaching and electronic books and journals. Distribution of a questionnaire to all Fellows and Collegiate members of the College, mailed with the JRCPL in May 1995. Responses were received from 2,600 (26.4% home recipients and 8.4% overseas recipients). Journal reading was rated the most important form of CME. All eight journals listed play a part in CME, the three weekly journals playing the most prominent role. There was strong support for the introduction of a series of articles covering topics systematically as part of CME. Seventy-six per cent of respondents own a home computer and 40% of these have either a CD-ROM drive or full multimedia facilities. Most use their computers mainly as word-processors and few have access to the Internet or E-mail.

  20. A cognition and demand survey on chemotherapeutic self-protection knowledge among junior college and college nursing students before starting their internship in a tumor hopspital from Sichuan province%对四川省某肿瘤专科医院护生实习前化疗防护认知及需求情况的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗蕾; 缪艳; 易勇

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解本科及专科护生在实习前对化疗防护的认知及需求情况.方法 参考美国职业安全健康管理局(OSHA)抗肿瘤药物的使用和防护要求自行设计调查问卷,对四川省某肿瘤医院192名本科及专科护生在实习前进行问卷调查.结果 实习前护生化疗防护知识普遍缺乏,本、专科护生对化疗药物污染、化疗废弃物处理方法的认知和需求,以及获取化疗防护知识途径方面的差异均有统计学意义(x2值分别为25.608,27.587,50.718,53.251,54.173,66.088;P <0.05);专科护生认知水平相对较低、对化疗前防护认知需求较高,从医学网站和杂志上获取知识少;两组护生希望获取化疗防护知识的教学方式上比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 肿瘤护理课程体系与教学方式有待于进一步完善,护生在实习前需系统化培训化疗防护知识,重点加强对专科护生的培训.%Objective To investigate the situation of cognition and demand for the chemotherapeutic self-protection knowledge among junior college and college nursing students before starting their internship.Methods To design questionnaire according to the U.S.Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations on the usage and protection requirements of anti-tumor drag,and to conduct a questionnaire survey of 192 junior college and college nursing students in our hospital before starting their internship.Results Before starting their internship,the students were lack of the chemotherapeutic selfprotection knowledge generally.There were significant differences between junior college nursing students and college nursing students in the situation of cognition and demand for chemotherapy contamination,in chemotherapy waste disposal methods,as well as ways to get chemotherapeutic self-protection knowledge (x2 =25.608,27.587,50.718,53.251,54.173,66.088 ; P < 0.05).Compared with college nursing students,junior college nursing

  1. A Survey of College Students' Sports-related Practical Competence%关于大学生体育实践能力现状的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李非

    2011-01-01

    A sports-related competence survey shows that the practical competence of college students scores the lowest compared with their aesthetic competence and comprehension.All the items under the rubric of practical competence are negatively marked,which include sports event organization,refereeing,self-adjustment in physical exercises,and so on.Generally speaking,college students have extremely poor practical competence related to sports.College physical education must take into consideration the training of this kind of competence.%对大学生体育实践能力的问卷调查表明:各项能力平均得分最高的是审美能力,其次为认识能力,最低的是实践能力;实践能力全部为负分,顺序为组织和裁判工作能力、体育项目自我锻炼能力、运动负荷自我调节能力、锻炼效果自我评价能力、对情感和情绪的自我控制能力;总的看来,当前大学生的体育实践能力严重缺乏。高校体育教学不能再延续以往只注重技术传授而忽略能力培养的模式,要将学生体育实践能力培养作为落实素质教育的关键。

  2. Surveys on the students satisfaction to learning in local college%对地方高校医学生专业学习满意度的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨雨; 艾萍; 马立新

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the demand of the medical college students’ learning activities oriented the direction of future education. Methods Questionnaire surveys in combination with in-depth interviews were used to investigate the psychological feelings, demands and opinions of senior students in their school professional study life in local medical college. Results The analysis of the statistic data showed that most of the interviewers of medical students were satisifed to their learning activities. Students thought their medical professional courses study mainly inlfuenced the teaching and learning effects. But the role of other auxiliary factors should not be ignored. Conclusion Student-centered education in college is the effective way to improve teaching effects.%目的:调查了解地方高校大学生对专业学习取向的需求与满意度。方法采取整群抽样、问卷调查结合深入焦点组访谈的形式,了解地方医学院校高年级学生的心理诉求和他们对学校学习生活的感受及意见。结果大部分医学生对自身所学专业及教师教学比较满意,学生认为自身因素是课程学习的主要影响因素,但其他辅助因素的作用也不容忽视。结论大学教育应以学生为中心,全面提高医学生的运用知识的把握度。

  3. A Survey on Dressing Tendency and Consuming Behavior of College Students in Beijing%北京大学生着装倾向与购买行为对消费市场的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭平建; 彭龙玉; 任萌萌; 刘白茹; 彭亮

    2013-01-01

    目前国内对服装消费者行为的研究主要是针对不特定群体,即广义上的消费者;而针对大学生着装行为的研究则较侧重于其着装风格本身或特定场合下的着装;将大学生着装倾向与其消费行为相联系的研究则并不多见。本调查主要以北京地区的大学生为研究对象,通过分析比对该群体的着装倾向与购买消费行为,得出如下结论:北京地区大学生的着装倾向与购买行为因性别差异而呈现出男女迥异的特色,并且其着装信息和购买来源受网络影响明显,值得以大学生为对象的服装市场参考。%Currently, most domestic researches on apparel customer behavior are focusing on customers in general, rather than on any specific group. Meanwhile, researches on college students’ dressing behavior mainly concern their style or dressing TPO. Researches on college students’ dressing tendency and their consuming behavior are rare. This survey was made on college students’ dressing tendency and their consuming behavior in Beijing. The conclusion arrived at was that dressing tendency and consuming behavior were very different between the male and female genders, and internet played an important role in their purchasing preferences.

  4. The influence of health education on college students' nutrition knowledge survey analysis%健康教育对大学生营养知识影响的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳佳

    2014-01-01

    目的:评价营养健康教育对大学生营养知识、态度和行为的影响,为探讨有效的营养健康教育方法提供依据。方法:采用整群抽样的方法,抽取我院护理专业学生420人,进行营养知识、态度、行为调查后,进行针对性营养宣教,比较前后效果。结果:健康教育后大学生对营养知识知晓率明显提高。结论健康教育可提高大学生对营养与疾病、健康知识知晓率,形成正确营养态度,改变不良饮食习惯。%Objective:to evaluate the nutrition health education on college students' nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior, provide the basis for effective nutritional health education methods. Methods:cluster sampling method, extraction of nursing students of 420 people, after the nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior survey, targeted nutrition education, compared before and after effect. Results:after health education, college students' knowledge about nutrition awareness has improved significantly. Conclusion health education can improve college students aware of knowledge about nutrition and disease, health, nutrition attitudes, forming correct change bad eating habits.

  5. 网络时代医学院校大学生媒介素养教育调查探析%Media Literacy Survey of Medical Colleges Students in Internet Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晋; 吕振波

    2014-01-01

    网络社会,媒介素养是大学生必不可少的一项基本素质,通过对山东医学院校的大学生媒介素养的调查发现,医学生媒介素养水平不容乐观,还处于自发状态,媒介选择、批判、运用能力欠缺,媒介道德伦理缺失,医学生媒介素养教育是当务之急。%In network society, media literacy is an essential basic quality of college students. Through media literacy survey among students in Shandong medical colleges, we found that medical students’ media literacy is still in autonomous state, students’ inability in media choice, judgment and using, and without media ethics, so it’s ur-gent to carry out medical media literacy education.

  6. Survey and analysis on employment tendency of English major students in higher vocational colleges in Gansu province%甘肃高职英语类专业学生就业倾向调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玲

    2012-01-01

      Based on the survey and interview, the employment tendency of English Major students in higher vocational colleges of Gansu Province has been analyzed. The tendency of taking English teaching as profession and seeking jobs in Gansu Province are influenced not only by the students’ background, but also by traditional concept. Under the fierce job competition, higher vocational colleges should help students change their employment attitudes, make their employment tendency conform to the social and economic development of Gansu Province and create more employment opportunities for them.%  以问卷和访谈形式调查分析了甘肃高职英语类专业学生的就业倾向,以教师职业和省内就业为倾向受生源地和传统观念影响。在就业竞争激烈的形势下,建议高职院校帮助学生积极转变就业观念,拓宽就业渠道,适应地方社会、经济发展

  7. Employment Survey Report of Chinese College Students in 2015%2015年中国大学生就业状况调查报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015年中国大学生就业状况调查课题组

    2016-01-01

    本报告以我国(不包括港澳台地区)2015届大学毕业生为对象,采用网络调查的方法,调查分析毕业离校时我国大学毕业生就业去向、起薪、教育培养、就业满意度、创业意愿等方面,并根据统计结果,提出相应的建议。例如在认识上高度重视就业工作、做好调研监测、采取多种措施提高毕业生的就业竞争力,精准推送就业信息,加强各类促就业创业政策的宣传和落实等。%Based on the data obtained by stratification sampling the report focused on Chinese college students who graduated in 2015 with self-designed questionnaire.The article investigated and analysed the college students’ job assignment,starting salary, ideas about education and training, satisifcation with their jobs,entrepreneurial intention and so on.According to the above results, the report gave some suggestions, such as paying more attention to the college students’ employment, especially disadvantaged groups in employment and unemolyment groups, providing targeted services and propagandizing the employment and entrepreneurship policies.

  8. 某高校学生口腔健康现状调查分析%Survey and analysis on oral health status of college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈春英

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解大学生口腔健康现状为口腔预防保健工作的开展提供依据.方法 采用分层、不等比随机抽样方法,选取某院1260名大学生进行口腔健康状况检查以及有关口腔卫生知识、行为习惯的问卷调查.结果 1260名大学生龋病、牙龈炎、口腔溃疡患病率分别为34.12%、62.22%、18.73%,男、女生间各疾病患病率差异均有统计学意义(x2=23.44,P<0.01;x2=36.81,P<0.01;x2=6.31,P<0.05),女生的口腔卫生行为优于男生.结论 大学生口腔健康状况不佳,需加强大学生口腔预防保健的宣传教育.%OBJECTIVE To investigate the status of college students' oral health, and to provide evidence for the work of oral health care. METHODS 1 260 college students from Jingchu University were selected to carry out the questionnaire about the status of oral health, the knowledge of oral health and behavior habits by using stratified random sampling and cluster random sampling method. RESULTS Among 1 260 college students, the prevalence rates of dental caries, gingivitis, mouth ulcers and prevalence were 34.12%, 62.22%, 18.73%. Disease prevalence rates between male and female were statistically significant (χ2 = 23.44, P < 0.01; χ2 = 36.81, P < 0.01;χ2 = 6.31, P < 0.05 ). Oral health behavior of female was better than male. CONCLUSION The status of college students' oral health is poor, and it is necessary to strengthen the propagation and education about the knowledge of oral health care.

  9. A Survey on Environmental Consciousness of College Student Tourists%大学生旅游者环境意识水平调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    是丽娜; 王国聘

    2012-01-01

    The promotion of environmental consciousness level can change the traditional thinking way and values of college student tourists fundamentally and regulate tourism environment behavior and practice consciously.Taking Nanjing Forestry University as the study object,this paper discusses the impact of discipline and gender factors on environmental consciousness by the quota sampling.The study indicates that college student tourists have better environmental consciousness and attitude.The desire and cognition degree on tourism environment and ecological knowledge has a great influence on the overall environmental consciousness.However,there is a disconnection between knowledge and action and environmental behavior lags behind the environmental emotion and volition.Attentions should be paid to environmental education in colleges and try to promote the environmental consciousness level of college student tourists.%环境意识水平的提升能从根本上改变大学生旅游者传统的思维方式和价值观,内在自觉地规范旅游环境行为和实践活动。以南京林业大学为研究对象,以配额抽样法探讨大学生旅游者学科专业、性别因素对环境意识的影响,研究发现大学生旅游者表现出较好的环境态度和倾向,对旅游环境和生态知识的渴求和认知程度对其整体环境意识水平有较大影响,然而也存在着知行脱节,环境行为滞后于环境情感、意志的现象。应重视高校环境教育工作,努力提升大学生旅游者的环境意识水平。

  10. Cross-sectional survey on the acceptability of suicide among rural residents, urban residents and college students from three locations in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xianyun; Phillips, Michael R.

    2011-01-01

    Background Community attitudes about suicide and their relationship to suicidal behavior have not been adequately investigated in low- and middle-income countries. Aims Compare acceptability of suicide in different population cohorts in China, identify factors that affect the degree of acceptability, and assess the relationship of cohort-specific acceptability of suicide and suicide rates. Methods A multi-stage stratified random sample of 608 rural residents, 582 urban residents and 629 college students were administered a 25-item scale in which respondents stated the likelihood they would consider suicide (on a 5-point Likert scale) if they experienced a variety of stressors ranging from ‘being disciplined at work’ to ‘developing a chronic mental illness’. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability for the scale are excellent (Cronbach’s α =0.92, ICC=0.75). Results College students had the most permissive attitudes about suicide and urban residents were significantly more accepting of suicide as a response to serious life stressors than rural residents. Multivariate analysis found that the overall acceptability score was higher in women, decreased with age, and increased with years of education. Conclusions There was no clear relationship between cohort-specific acceptance of suicide and reported rates of suicide, highlighting the complexity of the relationship between attitudes about suicide (of which acceptability is only one component) and suicidal behavior. PMID:20801748

  11. 我国大学生心理落差研究综述%A Survey of College Students' Psychological Gap in our Country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建磊; 张汉超

    2014-01-01

    There is a close relationship between the psychological gap and mental health;many psychological problems are directly or indirectly linked with psychological gap. There is little research for college students' psychological gap, even fe-wer empirical aspects .It is important to study the psychological gap between college students and its influencing factors. This study based on literature review method, reviews from the respect of concept, produce ,influencing factors and intervention mechanism of university students' psychological gap. Hope to highlight the areas of concern and thinking.%心理落差与心理健康有密切关系,很多心理问题都直接或间接与心理落差有联。我国对于大学生心理落差的研究很少,实证方面的研究更少,研究大学生心理落差及其影响因素具有重要意义,本文通过文献综述法,从大学生心理落差概念、产生、影响因素及干预机制等方面对我们大学生心理落差研究进行了综述,以期引起人们对这一领域的广泛关注与思考。

  12. 大一新生对大学生活期许的调研问卷研究%A Survey on Freshmen’s Expectation of College Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽慧; 焦学勐; 李浩; 曲明璐; 黄晨; 陈剑波

    2014-01-01

    大学一年级是高中与大学生活的过渡阶段,也是大学生活的开端,在成功的大学生涯中占有重要的位置。通过对331名理工科大一新生的问卷调查,一方面,分析得到大一新生对于师生互动的教学方式和自主学习的期许,同时体现出对于人际交往等社会能力和学习一技之长的双重重视;另一方面,分析了学生对自身的定位和期望,绝大多数学生期望自己将来成为学有所成的人,并希望得到有益的指导和帮助。大范围问卷调研的分析结果使学校和相关教师更加了解大一新生的需求,为有的放矢地帮助学生适应大学生活和培养综合素质提供了重要参考。%Freshman year, the beginning of college life, marks the transition from high school to college life and plays a vital role in the successful campus career.A survey is conducted among 33 1 freshmen in USST,and it reveals the students’expectation of the coming college life.On the one hand,freshmen expect an interactive teaching approach and autonomous study atmosphere,meanwhile they anticipate improving their social skills and academic knowledge;on the other hand, most freshmen hope to accomplish achievements in the future according to their personal career plan and under proper guidance.The research findings from the questionnaire not only familiarize the school and teachers concerned with the need of freshmen,but also help them to accommodate college life and develop in all aspects.

  13. 高职院校学生抑郁状况及其影响因素的研究%A survey on the depression prevalence and its influencing factors in vocational college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪仕钢; 姚应水; 祁秦; 黄志伟; 陈燕; 尚效贤; 康耀文; 贺连平; 臧洪艳; 聂淼

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解高职学生抑郁的基本状况,探讨抑郁的相关影响因素.方法:采用方便整群抽样的方法对淮南和芜湖两所高职院校共3 867名高职学生进行问卷调查,主要内容包括一般情况调查表、抑郁自评量表(SDS).结果:本研究显示,高职学生抑郁情绪的检出率为36.0%,不同性别、性格、饮食习惯、社会支持的高职学生抑郁情绪检出率的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).Logistic回归分析发现,女性、外向的性格、不偏食、较好的社会支持是高职学生抑郁发生的保护因素.结论:抑郁情绪在高职学生中检出率较高.学校应该有针对性地开展高职学生的心理健康教育、危机干预等工作,提高学生的心理健康水平和压力承受能力.%Objective:To investigate the primary status of depression prevalence in students from certain vocational colleges and the influential factors associated with this disorder. Methods: By convenient clustered sampling,we conducted a survey on 3867 students from two vocational colleges in Huainan and Wuhu,Anhui province, through self-written questionnaires that included general demographic information and Self-rating Depression Scale(SDS). Results-. Detectable depressive mood appealed prevalent in 36. 0% of the total participants, and the disorder symptoms were statistically different in respect of dissimilar sexes,personalities,food habits and availability of social supports(P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis suggested that the protective factors for depressive disorders were involved in females,extroverted personalities,food preferences free and a-vailable network of social support. Conclusion: Depressive mood symptoms seem prevalent higher in vocational college students, for which college authorities are advised to supply the students with targeted mental health education and crisis intervention to boost their mental health level and stress tolerance.

  14. KPI Student Satisfaction Survey, 2001. Executive Summary Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheridan Coll. (Ontario).

    The KPI (Key Performance Indicators) Student Satisfaction Survey is a paper-based survey distributed to all students in Ontario's Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology. The results of the Sheridan College survey for 2001 are presented in this report. The student population at Sheridan for the winter 2001 survey was 9,134. A total of 6,566…

  15. Underreporting Discrimination among Arab American and Muslim American Community College Students: Using Focus Groups to Unravel the Ambiguities within the Survey Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shammas, Diane

    2017-01-01

    Using a mixed methods approach, the researcher gathered a set of narrative responses from focus groups that supported the claim of underreporting campus discrimination on a survey. Multiple studies have shown that underrepresented minority students are likely to bond with same-ethnic peers in a racially tense campus climate. This mixed method is a…

  16. Underreporting Discrimination among Arab American and Muslim American Community College Students: Using Focus Groups to Unravel the Ambiguities within the Survey Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shammas, Diane

    2017-01-01

    Using a mixed methods approach, the researcher gathered a set of narrative responses from focus groups that supported the claim of underreporting campus discrimination on a survey. Multiple studies have shown that underrepresented minority students are likely to bond with same-ethnic peers in a racially tense campus climate. This mixed method is a…

  17. 大学生英语自主学习能力调查%A Survey of College Students’ Autonomous Learning Ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴素贞

    2015-01-01

    Autonomous learning ability is the key to successful English learning and life-long learning.The learning autonomy of college students mainly lies in three aspects such as motivation, learning strategies and metacognitive strategies.This research investigates the autonomous learning ability of college freshmen.The results indicate that freshmen have basic awareness of autonomous learning, but with a low level on the whole;Students can use the basic metacognitive strategies, but with different levels;Students’ instrumental mo-tivation results in the significant differences between inside class behavior and outside class behavior, with inadequate planning and dedication outside of class.Thus, to improve learning autonomy, college English teaching needs to carry out corresponding instructions for students.%自主学习能力是英语学习取得进步和进行终生学习的关键。大学生英语自主学习能力包含了学习动机、学习策略和元认知策略三个主要方面。本研究对大学新生的英语自主学习能力进行了调查。调查结果表明:①大学生已初步具备自主学习意识,自主水平总体不高;②大学生能够使用基本的元认知策略,但元认知水平参差不齐;③工具型动机导致学生课堂内外自主行为差异较大,课外规划与投入严重匮乏。针对这种现状,大学英语课堂教学可对学生进行相应的指导和训练,以提高学生的英语自主学习能力。

  18. 北京市大学生生殖健康现状及服务需求调查%The survey of the reproductive health status and demand among college students in Bejing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马震

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the present situation of college students' reproductive health knowledge and the demand, and to provide scientific basis for sexual ,and reproductive health education in college for the future. Methods 1053 students were surveyed by an anonymous self-administered questionnaire which was used among college students who were selected by random cluster sampling form 2 colleges in Beijing. Results The respondents knew least a-bout contraceptive knowledge and AIDS prevention knowledge while they knew more about the transmission of AIDS. 10. 5% students approved the premarital sexual behavior, 10. 3% students had sex experience, among of them, 30. 6% had more than one sexual partner. 70. 0% sexually active students did not use condom every time. 92. 1 % students wanted to know the reproductive health related knowledge, currently, the main knowledge channels were school health education (64.6%), newspapers and magazines (56. 2% ) and internet (45.0%). Only 21. 2% students looked for the reproductive health knowledge actively. Conclusion The students' contraceptive knowledge was poor, part of college students had a tolerant sexual attitudes and had unprotected sexual behavior, most students show a demand for reproduction heath education. It' s urgent to improve the reproduction health education in college students.%目的 了解北京市大学生生殖健康的现状及知识需求情况,为高校开展生殖健康教育提供科学依据.方法 采用随机整群抽样对北京市2所高校1053名大学生进行匿名自填式问卷调查.结果 大学生对避孕知识、艾滋病预防知识了解较少,但对艾滋病3大传播途径认知较好,10.5%的大学生赞成在校期间发生性行为,10.3%的大学生有过性行为,其中每次采用避孕措施的占30.6%.92.1%的大学生希望了解生殖健康相关知识,希望获取生殖健康相关知识的途径依次是学校的健康教育(64.6%),报刊杂志、书籍(56.2

  19. Survey Research on Health Information Literacy of College Students in Qiqihar%齐齐哈尔市大学生健康信息素养的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩云峰; 葛杰; 贾月辉; 娄峰阁; 谢志平

    2016-01-01

    Objective To know the health information literacy level of college students in Qiqihar and its influence factors and provide basis for making health policy and health education intervention measures. Methods The students in two col-leges in Qiqihar were surveyed and the health information literacy levels of the objects were evaluated by the health infor-mation literacy scale. Results 1900 pieces of questionnaires were issued, 1744 pieces of effective questionnaires were taken back, and the effective rate was 91.79%, the total score of health information literacy was (18.99±1.80)marks, the analysis of variance of single-factor and multiple-factor showed that the overall score of health information literacy in female was high-er than that in male, (F=35.95, P<0.0001), the higher the household income, the higher the score, (F=48.10, P<0.0001), the overall score of health information literacy in medical colleges was higher than that in the general colleges (F=13.58, P=0.0002) and the overall score of health information literacy of urban students was higher than that of rural students, (F=74.74, P<0.0001), and all differences had statistical significance. Conclusion The overall level of health information literacy of college students in Qiqihar is lower, and improving the health information literacy level of college students is of important theoretical value and realistic significance to improving the health information literacy of the whole country.%目的:了解齐齐哈尔市大学生健康信息素养水平及其影响因素,为制定卫生政策和健康教育干预措施提供依据。方法对齐齐哈尔市两所大学的在校生进行抽样调查,以健康信息素养量表对调查对象健康信息素养水平进行测评。结果共发放调查问卷1900份,收回有效问卷1744份,有效率为91.79%。健康信息素养总分(18.99±1.80﹚分,经单因素和多因素方差分析,健康信息素养综合得分女生高于男生(F=35.95,P<0.0001﹚、

  20. Will Entrepreneurial Passion Help to Improve College Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions? Based on a Questionnaire Survey of College Students in Six Provinces%创业激情有助于提升大学生创业意愿吗?--基于六省大学生问卷调查的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方卓; 张秀娥

    2016-01-01

    大学生创业是实施国家创新驱动发展战略的迫切需要,创业激情能有效提升大学生群体的创业意愿。本文从创业激情视角,结合情绪理论和认知理论,构建了创业激情、创业自我效能、创业风险感知和创业意愿各变量之间的关系模型。采用六省大学生的问卷调查数据,运用SPSS和AMOS软件对数据进行实证分析和检验,分析了创业激情对大学生创业意愿的促进机制。研究结果表明:创业激情能有效促进大学生创业意愿的形成,引导创业实践;创业自我效能、创业风险感知在创业激情与创业意愿之间存在部分中介效应。关于创业激情与创业意愿间关系的研究,目前多停留在理论研究阶段,本文首次以我国大学生为样本进行实证研究,探索和证明了创业激情对创业意愿的具体作用机制。本文的研究结果有助于探寻将创业激情转化为创业活动意愿的有效途径,制定激励大学生自主创业的政策措施,助推我国创新型经济发展。%The college students’ entrepreneurship is an urgent need as for the implementation of national innovation-driven development strategy,and entrepreneurial passion can effectively enhance the entrepreneurial intentions of college student groups. From a perspective of entrepreneurial passion, this paper constructs a model of the relationship among entrepreneurial passion,entrepreneurial self-efficacy,entrepreneurial risk perception and entrepreneurial intentions. Based on a questionnaire survey of college students in six provinces,it uses SPSS and AMOS software to empirically analyze the promotion role of entrepreneurial passion in college students’ entrepreneurial intentions. Results show that entrepreneurial passion can effectively promote the formation of college students’ entrepreneurial intentions,and guide the entrepreneurial practice. In addition,entrepreneurial self-efficacy and

  1. 医学生实验动物福利认知状况调查%Survey on the cognition of laboratory animals welfare of college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李印龙; 梁亚军; 刘永春; 宋爱芹; 邵凯

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the cognition of laboratory animals welfare of college students for for spreading the knowledge of laboratory animals welfare .Methods 1187 medical students were selected as partici‐pants by stratified cluster sampling .The self‐made questionnaire was used to collect the cognition of laboratory ani ‐mals welfare of college students ,and the responding rate was 99 .83% .Results Only 24 .22% of the college students heard about the conception of laboratory animals welfare ,and 9 .79% of them knew the relevant laws of laboratory animals welfare .Students from different majors and classes had significantly different cognition of the conception of laboratory animals welfare and the agreement about reducing the numbers of animals in a single ex ‐periment (P< 0 .05) .The cognition of the details of animals experiment was also different among students from different majors and classes (P< 0 .05) .Conclusion The college students knew very little about the laboratory animals welfare ,and some special teaching courses should be strengthened for spreading the knowledge of the labo ‐ratory animals welfare .%目的:了解医学生对实验动物福利的认知情况,为医学生实验动物福利知识的教育及普及提供依据。方法自制调查表,采用分层整群抽样的方法对某医学院校的1187名在校医学生进行问卷调查,问卷有效回收率为99.83%。结果仅有24.22%的医学生知道动物福利的概念,9.79%的医学生了解国内外有关动物福利的法律。不同年级、专业的医学生对动物福利的概念认知情况及赞成减少单次活体实验动物数量方面有统计学意义(P<0.05)。不同年级、专业医学生对最重要实验内容的认知差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论大学生对于实验动物福利的认知水平较低,需要在医学教育实践过程中有针对性地加大宣教力度。

  2. A Survey on Foreign Language Learning Style among Freshmenin Vocational College%高职新生外语学习风格调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申鑫

    2012-01-01

    本研究通过问卷形式,对155名高职新生的感知学习风格进行调查,以了解学生外语学习风格总体倾向,不同民族、性别、专业及外语学习年限不同学生学习风格的差异,并分析其学习风格与外语学习成绩间的相关性。此研究目的是帮助高职外语教师了解学生感知学习风格偏好,使教师在教学过程中因材施教并指导学生重塑外语学习风格,以便提高高职学生外语学习效率。%This study probes into the perceptional learning style preference of the freshmen in Xinjiang Education Institute. 155 vocational college students were investigated through a questionnaire, with the purpose of exploring their foreign language learning style preference and the learning style differences among nationality groups, sex groups and groups of lon- ger-shorter learning time for foreign language, and analyzing the correlation between their learning style and foreign lan- guage achievement. Based on the investigation results, the paper recommends the foreign language teachers in vocational college teach students in accordance with their learning style and help students remold their learning style to improve their foreign language learning efficiency.

  3. THE EFFECT OF EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION USE ON CONDOM USE: A CROSS SECTIONAL SURVEY AMONG STUDENTS OF JIMMA TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING COLLEGE, JIMMA, ETHIOPIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tesfaye Mohammed

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The effect of a combined message to adolescents of promoting condom use with emergency contraception as back-up is not known. Objective: This study was aimed to assess the effect of emergency contraception use on condom use among students of Jimma Technical and Vocational Training College. Materials and Methods: A cross- sectional study was conducted from May-June 2011 on 422 Jimma Technical and Vocational Training College students who were available in the campus compound during data collection period. Data was collected by using self administered structured questionnaire, analyzed using SPSS soft ware version 16.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA. Chi square test was calculated with 95% confidence intervals; Pvalues less than 0.05 were considered as statistically significant. Results: Out of 422 respondents, 338 (80.1% have heard about emergency contraceptives and friends were the main sources of information for 169 (50% of respondents. The correct recommended time when to take emergency contraceptive pills after unprotected sexual intercourse were known by 164 (48.6%, whereas 175 (51.8% knew the correct recommend dose and frequency. Condom was used as a preferred method by 327 (77.4% of respondents to prevent unwanted pregnancy due to its double purpose, that is preventing both pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Conclusion: The result of this study showed that there was more awareness about condom than ECPS among the respondents and majority of the respondents had positive attitude about condom instead of ECPS because of its double benefit. Whereas partners trust and increase in sexual pleasure were the main reasons to prefer ECPS to condom.

  4. The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ3), 2011

    2011-01-01

    Based on responses from 20,000 college seniors nationwide, "The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report" gives you hard numbers "plus" the analysis you need to develop your college recruiting strategy and build your brand among college students. Align your recruiting strategies tactics with students' wants, needs, attitudes, and behaviors--you'll get…

  5. The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ3), 2011

    2011-01-01

    Based on responses from 20,000 college seniors nationwide, "The Class of 2011 Student Survey Report" gives you hard numbers "plus" the analysis you need to develop your college recruiting strategy and build your brand among college students. Align your recruiting strategies tactics with students' wants, needs, attitudes, and behaviors--you'll get…

  6. Occupational and educational aspirations and attainment of young adults with and without LD 2 years after high school completion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojewski, J W

    1999-01-01

    A national longitudinal database was used to compare the aspirations and attainment of individuals with and without learning disabilities (LD) 2 years after high school completion. Analyses revealed that individuals with LD reported lower graduation rates, were more likely to aspire to moderate- (men) or low-prestige (women) occupations, and were more likely to be employed and less likely to be enrolled in some type of postsecondary education program than their nondisabled peers. High educational aspirations in Grade 12 and successful completion of an academic or college-prep high school program were equally important in predicting 2-year postsecondary status for adolescents enrolled in postsecondary education regardless of disability status. However, depending on disability status, different predictors were identified for individuals who were either employed or out of the workforce. These results point to a continued need for transition planning and support for young adults with LD and suggest ways in which professionals can anticipate and adjust for identified differences in aspirations and postsecondary attainment.

  7. An Accounting Writing Proficiency Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firch, Tim; Campbell, Annhenrie; Filling, Steven; Lindsay, David H.

    2011-01-01

    Although there has been much discussion about improving college student writing with college-level courses, little is known about how accounting programs, in particular, are addressing the writing proficiency challenge. This study surveys the 852 accounting programs in the United States to identify the frequency and types of accounting writing…

  8. 2010 Student Survey. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ1), 2010

    2010-01-01

    The National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) conducts an annual survey of college students to identify: (1) how students approach the job market as they near graduation; (2) how responsive the market is to the graduating students; (3) the resources students use to seek their first full-time job after getting their degree; and (4) the…

  9. Pharmacy school survey standards revisited

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mészáros, Károly; Barnett, Mitchell J; Lenth, Russell V; Knapp, Katherine K

    2013-01-01

    ..., and these criteria are reflected in the Author Instructions provided on the Journal's Web site. This paper discusses the relevance of these criteria for publication of survey research regarding pharmacy colleges and schools...

  10. POST-PLACENTAL INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICE (PPIUCD INSERTION -2 YEAR EXPERIENCE AT A GOVT. MEDICAL COLLEGE, VIMS, BELLARY, KARNATAKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha Rani

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Post-partum period is one of the critical times when both woman and new-born need a special and integrated package of health services as morbidity and mortality rates are quite high during this period and also the women are vulnerable to unintended pregnancy. Studies show that pregnancies taking place within 24 months of a previous birth have a higher risk of adverse outcomes like abortions, premature labor, post-partum haemorrhage, low birth weight babies, fetal loss and maternal death. In India, 65 percent of women in the first year post-partum have an unmet need for family planning. Hence, contraception needs to be practiced in this critical period.1 Intrauterine contraceptive device is the most commonly used reversible method of contraception worldwide with about 127 million current users.2 Insertion of an IUD immediately after delivery is appealing for several reasons. The woman is not pregnant and is motivated for contraception and the setting is convenient for both woman and provider. For women with limited access to medical care, the delivery affords a unique opportunity to address the need for contraception. The evidence for post-partum IUD insertion was weak when this study was undertaken. Therefore, the present study was planned to evaluate the safety and efficacy (In terms of pain, expulsion, excessive bleeding, foul smelling vaginal discharge of insertion of immediate post-partum IUD in women delivering vaginally or by caesarean section.

  11. ~ Factors and Enlightenment of the Influences from the Intemet on College Students' Thoughts and Behaviou--A Sampling Survey of College Students in Guangxi%互联网影响大学生思想行为的因素及其启示——基于广西高校大学生的抽样调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚杰强; 张荣军

    2012-01-01

    ased on a sample survey about the 242 college students' use of the Irtemett in Guangxi,this paper points out that the factors which influence college students' thoughts and behaviour are the web sites, the individual characterizes and the time quantity surfing on the Intemet. The more the college students visit shopping web sites, search sites and micro - hlog sites, the more likely their thoughts and behavior are influenced negatlvely;the younger they are,the lower grade they are in,the more likely their thoughts and behavior are influenced negative- ly;liberal arts students are more likely to be influenced negatively than science students;the only child in family is more likely to be influenced negatively than the students who have brothers and sisters;the more they surf on the Iutemet,tho more negative influence on them from the In- ternet. The author proposes some enlightenment in the ideological and polltical education by analysing how the Intemet influences college stu- dents' thoughts and behaviours.%在广西高校242名大学生使用互联网状况的调查资料基础上回归分析,结果表明:互联网影响大学生思想行为的因素是网站、个体特征、上网时间数量。大学生越是经常浏览购物网站、搜索网站和“微博”网站,互联网对其思想行为的负面影响就越大;大学生的年龄越小、年级越低,互联网对其思想行为的负面影响就越大;人文社科类专业的大学生比理工农医类专业的大学生更容易受到互联网的负面影响;独生子女大学生比非独生子女大学生更容易受到互联网的负面影响;大学生上网时间越长,互联网对其思想行为的负面影响就越大。分析互联网影响大学生思想行为的因素可以给予大学生思想政治教育以启发。

  12. The Relation of Early Adolescents' College Plans and Both Academic Ability and Task-Value Beliefs to Subsequent College Enrollment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Vida, Mina N.; Barber, Bonnie

    2004-01-01

    Although it is likely that plans to attend a 4-year college are made much earlier than the last 2 years of high school, few researchers have assessed the pre-high school factors that influence high school performance and course-enrollment decisions, which, in turn, affect college attendance. The data presented in this article were collected as…

  13. The Relation of Early Adolescents' College Plans and Both Academic Ability and Task-Value Beliefs to Subsequent College Enrollment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Vida, Mina N.; Barber, Bonnie

    2004-01-01

    Although it is likely that plans to attend a 4-year college are made much earlier than the last 2 years of high school, few researchers have assessed the pre-high school factors that influence high school performance and course-enrollment decisions, which, in turn, affect college attendance. The data presented in this article were collected as…

  14. Identifying Benefit Segments among College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Joseph D.

    1991-01-01

    Using concept of market segmentation (dividing market into distinct groups requiring different product benefits), surveyed 398 college students to determine benefit segments among students selecting a college to attend and factors describing each benefit segment. Identified one major segment of students (classroomers) plus three minor segments…

  15. Community College Estimated Growth: Fall 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillippe, Kent; Mullin, Christopher M.

    2011-01-01

    A survey from the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC) found that enrollment growth in fall 2010 slowed its pace at community colleges, increasing 3.2% from the previous year. This contrasts with more dramatic increases in recent years: more than 11% between fall 2008 and fall 2009, and nearly 17% between fall 2007 and fall 2009,…

  16. Art Appreciation Courses in Illinois Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choate, Lenetta K.; Keim, Marybelle C.

    1997-01-01

    Reviews literature on the characteristics of community college art appreciation courses and instructors. Presents findings from a survey of Illinois community colleges regarding the characteristics of art appreciation instructors and the institutions offering such programs and course content and methodology. Reports results and discusses…

  17. Survey on Nutritional Status of Medical College Students and Analysis of the Influencing Factors%医科大学生营养状况调查与影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚秋妹; 郝丽萍

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the nutritional status of medical college students and analyze the impact factors, and to provide the evidence for promoting the health of medical college students. Methods With cluster random sampling, 400 medical college students were selected for a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire included seven aspects, general situation, nutritional knowledge survey, nutrition attitude, behavior and habit survey, nutrition and health status survey, physical activity survey, dietary frequency survey and dietary nutrition survey. The respondents' nutrient intakes were evaluated according to the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2007). Body mass index was used to assess the nutritional situation of the students. Chi - square test was adopted in the analysis. Results Among 400 medical college students, the ratios of students whose intakes of three major energy nutrients (protein, fat, and carbohydrate) were less than 80% RNI (recommended nutrient intake) were 74. 16%, 94. 74%, 85. 17% in boys and 62. 3%, 93. 72%, 90.05% in girls; those of calcium, iron, zinc were 90.43%, 62.2%, 83.73% in boys and 90.05%, 70. 16%, 63.87% in girls; those of vitamin A, B1, B2, PP, C were 81.82%, 88.04%, 87.56%, 66.99%, 87.56% in boys and 69.87%, 87.96%, 74.35%, 58.12%, 80.63% in girls. The factors included sex (χ2 =47.935, P = 0.000), per capita income of family per mouth (χ2 = 11.58, P = 0.021), monthly living expenses at school (χ2= 6.636, P = 0.036), monthly expenses for food at school (χ2 = 6.245, P = 0.044), time for exercise (χ2 = 12.55, P = 0. 002), exercise intensity (χ2 =7. 804, P = 0. 020), father's educational level (χ2 = 2. 851, P = 0.240), mother's educational level (χ2 =3.221, P = 0.200), nutritional knowledge possessed by respondents (χ2 = 1.803, P = 0.614). Conclusions A certain proportion of medical college students lacked total energy, and the nutrient intakes, including protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamin and trace elements did not

  18. College Students and Pacifism: An Historical Note

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handberg, Roger B., Jr.

    1977-01-01

    Three surveys of college student attitudes have been conducted in 1962, 1972, and 1973. Over the decade since the days of the Cold War, significant change was found in the direction of increased antiwar or pacifist sentiment. (Author)

  19. College-Level Choice of Latino High School Students: A Social-Cognitive Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Laura M.

    2012-01-01

    Latino students attend 2-year colleges more often than 4-year colleges. This has an impact on the rate of bachelor's degree attainment, because the transfer rate between the 2 levels is low. The author uses national data to identify predictors associated with college-level choice and then uses social-cognitive career theory (Lent, Brown, &…

  20. College-Level Choice of Latino High School Students: A Social-Cognitive Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Laura M.

    2012-01-01

    Latino students attend 2-year colleges more often than 4-year colleges. This has an impact on the rate of bachelor's degree attainment, because the transfer rate between the 2 levels is low. The author uses national data to identify predictors associated with college-level choice and then uses social-cognitive career theory (Lent, Brown, &…

  1. Survey and Study on Contemporary College Students' Attitudes to Dating Show%关于大学生对相亲节目态度的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海燕; 赵婷; 赵玉婷

    2011-01-01

    The study of the self-design questionnaire to survey 236 college students on the dating show displays that college students generally have concern about dating shows,but the mainstream manner takes it as an entertainment only.students are substantially able to take a objective and rational look at dating shows,such programs make students understand the reality more clearly;the attention and the acceptance of students to the programs,which have great otherness,are influenced by demographic variables,such as gender;students identify with the values of honored guests to fame and wealth,which shows that they hold different views to values with a utilitarian.%用自编问卷调查236名在校大学生对相亲节目的态度,结果显示:大学生普遍对相亲节目有一定的关注,但主流态度仅把它当作一项娱乐而已;大学生基本上能客观理智地看待相亲节目现象,此类节目使大学生们对现实认识得更清楚;大学生对节目的关注度和认可度受性别等人口学变量的影响,表现出较大的差异性;大学生对嘉宾重名利的价值观表示认同,表明他们的价值观呈现多样化,且带有功利性。

  2. 警察类高职大学生心理健康相关因素的调查分析%Survey and Analysis of Mental Health-related Factors in Police Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师玮玮

    2011-01-01

    A questionnaire survey was investigated and analyzed about personality traits,anxiety,depression and other factors that closely related to mental health in police vocational college students.The results shows that: for the police vocational college students of personality characteristics,except there were significant differences between 20-22 years old group and the norm in N(neuroticism) dimension,other dimensions of personality characteristics had no significant differences with the norm;student anxiety detection rate was 17.9 percent,severe depression detection rate was 8 percent;the significantly different of parts of personality characteristics of students and scores of well-being scores was found between the students who whether existing anxiety or in the students who had different levels of depression.%运用问卷调查的方式对警察类高职大学生心理健康紧密相关的人格特征、幸福感、焦虑、抑郁等因素进行调查和分析的结果表明:警察类高职大学生在人格特征方面,除20~22岁组在N(神经质)维度上与常模有显著差异外,其他各维度与常模无显著差异;学生存在焦虑情况的检出率为17.9%,存在重度抑郁情况检出率为8%;有无焦虑状态和不同抑郁水平的学生人格特征部分维度得分及幸福感得分差异显著。

  3. A Survey on the Career Selection Anxiety of Rural Graduates from Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校农村毕业生择业焦虑调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金蓓蕾

    2014-01-01

    为研究高职院校应届农村毕业生择业焦虑的现状、成因及对策,以 SAS 焦虑自评量表和自编问卷为工具,随机抽取5所高职院校应届毕业生447人,调查发现:影响农村毕业生择业焦虑的主要因素是就业环境、职业预期、求职技能,其余依次为职业能力、求职资源、一般能力。据此,提出五点应对策略:加强对农村毕业生就业指导和职业生涯规划教育、择业心理辅导、社会-家庭支持和社会实践与实习指导,以缓解农村毕业生的择业焦虑。%This article randomly selected 447 graduates from 5 higher vocational colleges as subjects by using the SAS Self Rating Anxiety Scale and Self-Questionnaire Survey to study the status, factors and countermeasures of anxiety about career selections of rural graduates in higher vocational colleges. It found that the major factors involve employment environment and occupation expectation, followed by job skills, abilities, job resources and general capabilities. It thus put forward such suggestions as intensifying educational work on employment guidance and career planning, facilitating the mental tutorship for career selections, and making full use of social and family support to relieve rural graduates’ anxiety in career selections.

  4. Study on Ecological Ethics Education Survey in Shanwei Vocational and Technical College%高校生态伦理教育调查分析——以汕尾职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗桂云

    2015-01-01

    Ecological ethics education is not only the need of the development of the Time, but also the survival need of young college students. In this paper, we made a survey among the students in Shanwei Polytechnic about the mast er of the knowledge of envirnment protection, the level of environmental consciousness and the environmental behavio r habit. According to the results of investigation, we analyzed the problems and reasons existing in the ecological ethic s education in colleges. And then we proposed that we should strengthen ecological ethics education from the followin g three aspects: giving full play to the government's role, optimizing the ecological ethics education envirnment by "tr ipartite linkage" and improving moral cultivation of ecological ethics.%生态伦理教育是时代发展的需要,也是青年大学生内在的生存需求.通过对汕尾职业技术学院大学生生态环保知识的掌握情况、环保意识水平及环保行为习惯进行实证调查和结果分析,分析高校生态伦理教育中存在的问题和原因,提出了从充分发挥政府的推动作用,"三方联动"优化生态伦理教育环境,加强生态伦理道德修养等三个方面加强生态伦理教育的观点.

  5. A survey on 2988 male college students reproductive healthy situation%某高校2988名男性大学生生殖健康状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨术明; 蔡安康; 贺敬文

    2015-01-01

    Objectives:To study the development of male reproductive organs of college students and col-lege students’awareness of their own male reproductive health care,in order to provide a theoretical basis for the health education in colleges and universities.Methods:31 57 male freshmen were randomly selected to conduct a questionnaire survey and physical examination.Results: 2988 questionnaires were collected:1 9.34% of them paid high attention to male health (knew much),followed by 23.1 5% (paid common attention,know a little)and 57.51 % (paid no attention,know nothing).According to the physical examination,there were redundant prepuce of 1 486 people, phimosis of 228 people,varicocele of 1 37 people,concealed penis of 1 03 people,lower penis bending deformity of 69 people,hypospadias of 6 people,cryptorchidism of 1 1 people and testicular tumor of 1 peo-ple.Conclusion:The reproductive health condition of contemporary male college students is not optimistic,and most of the students lack awareness of their status of reproductive health and the harm.The reproductive health edu-cation in colleges and universities should be strengthened as well as the examination of reproductive system in the freshman entrance physical examination.%目的:了解在校大学生男性生殖器官的发育情况以及大学生对自身男性生殖保健的认识,为高校健康教育提供理论依据。方法:随机抽取某高校大一男性新生3157人,同时进行问卷调查及查体,结果:3157人调查中,收回问卷2988份,对男性保健认识高度重视(了解很多)者占19.34%,一般重视(了解一点)者占23.15%,不重视(不了解)者占57.51%。体检结果包皮过长者1486人,包茎者228人,精索静脉曲张者137人,隐匿阴茎者103人,阴茎下弯畸形者69人,尿道下裂者6人,隐睾者11人,睾丸肿瘤1人。结论:当代男性大学生生殖健康状况极不乐观,多数学生对自己的生殖健

  6. 徐州市大学生抑郁障碍的流行病学特点%Epidemiological survey of depression disorder in college students in Xuzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱相华; 耿德勤; 周勤; 王亚萍; 李群; 王成东; 乔娟; 梁光利; 赵后锋; 杨永杰

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To describe the prevalence and distribution of depression disorder in college students in Xuzhou city. Method:Through cluster sampling, 1 541 college students from 2 colleges in Xuzhou city were screened by Beck depression rating scale (BDI) , self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and suicide ideation scale ( SIS). Subjects were classified as high or low risk of having a mental disorder and then psychiatrists determined their diagnoses by administering the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-RT( SCID-I/P). The estimated prevalence was adjusted by sample characteristic. Results: Totally 1 527 individuals completed the screening. The overall prevalence of depression disorder was 5. 63% (95% CI;4. 47 ~ 6. 79). The prevalence rates of diagnostic groups of disorders were as follows:major depressive disorder 3.11% (95% C/;2. 24 ~ 3. 98) , dysthymic disorder 0. 38% (95% CI:0. 07 ~0. 69) .unspecific depression disorder 2.15% (95% CI:1. 42 ~ 2. 88). The prevalence of depression disorder was much lower in females than in males(4.67% vs 7.29% ,OR = 0.64,95% CI:0.43 -0.96) ,and was much lower in polytechnic students than in medical students(4. 58% vs 7. 11% ,OR =0.64,95% CI:0. 42 -0.98). Conclusion:The prevalence of depression disorder in college students in Xuzhou city is close to the same kind survey abroad and the domestic s. Depression disorder is a common psychological problem among college students.%目的:了解徐州市在校大学生抑郁障碍的患病率及其分布特点. 方法:采用整群抽样方法,在徐州市选取某两所高校的在校大学生1 541人,使用贝克抑郁自评问卷(BDI)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)以及自杀意念量表进行筛查,由精神科医生采用美国精神障碍诊断与统计手册轴Ⅰ障碍定式临床检查患者版对危险人群进行调查,作出有无精神障碍及具体诊断. 结果:完成调查1 527人,调整后抑郁障碍的总患病率为5.63%(95% CI:4.47 ~ 6.79),

  7. 在校女大学生的择业倾向及其影响因素--基于北京市大学生的调查%An Analysis on the Tendency in the Occupational Selection of the Female College Students and Its Influence Factors:Based on the Survey among the College Students in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯典牧; 张丽琍

    2015-01-01

    By questionnaire method, the survey of the occupational selection of the college students in more than 30 colleges and universities in Beijing indicates that most female college students take the stability in jobs as the most im-portant thing and they prefer working in economically developed large and medium-sized cities.Most of them require a more or less connection between their work and their majors with the expected monthly salaries from 2500 RMB to 5000 RMB, of whom the primary working objective is self-fulfillment.More female college students choose to work af-ter graduation in low-income families, yet more intend to study abroad in high-income families.With the increase of the annual income of family, the number of the female college students who are willing to work in grassroots decrea-ses.The female college students in high-income families pay more attention to their growth in their first jobs, yet the ones in low-income families aim to earn their own livings according to their first jobs.The girls who do well in study and exams may mostly choose to pursue advanced studies, yet those who do not well enough in academic achievements may probably decide to work after graduation.%用问卷调查法对北京市30多所高校大学生就其择业倾向的调查结果显示:大部分女大学生把工作稳定排在首位;首选的就业地区是经济发达的大中城市;大部分认为工作与所学专业要有一定关联;期望的月薪集中在2500~5000元之间,工作的首要目的是实现自我价值;低收入家庭选择找工作的比例高,高收入家庭选择准备出国的比例高;愿到基层就业的女大学生总体趋势随着家庭年收入的增加而下降;高收入家庭的学生更看重第一份工作对自我成长的价值,而低收入家庭的相对看重先自食其力;成绩排名靠前的学生选择继续深造的比例高,成绩排名靠后的选择找工作的比例高。

  8. The Influences of College Students’ Circadian Preferences on Sleeping Health and Solutions Analysis---A Survey of Tianjin College Students%大学生昼夜偏好特征对睡眠健康的影响和对策研究--基于天津在校大学生的问卷调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈予; 李彪; 袁婧; 相羽; 刘学珍; 董兰兰

    2014-01-01

    大学生的身心健康状况是教育工作者始终需要关注的问题。本文通过调查大学生的清晨型/夜晚型的昼夜偏好特征和睡眠状况,研究大学生的昼夜偏好分布特点及其对睡眠健康的影响,并提出相应的对策。研究结果显示大学生人群中夜晚型比例远远高于清晨型,并且表现出晚睡晚起的作息倾向;大学生人群的整体睡眠质量不容乐观,存在较大的日间功能障碍;昼夜偏好与睡眠质量之间存在显著的负相关关系,证实了夜晚型的昼夜偏好对大学生的睡眠质量存在一定程度的负面影响,因此学校应从育人观念、健康教育、心理疏导、课程与宿舍管理等多个角度为大学生营造健康的生活氛围,引导他们树立科学的健康观念,鼓励他们以更符合身心发展的方式学习和生活。%College students’ physical and mental health should always be paid close attention to. This paper studied the characteristics of college students’ circadian preferences and its influences on sleeping health through the survey of their circadian preferences and sleeping quality. The results suggests that the evening-types have a much higher percentage than the morning types among college students; a large proportion of college students shows the syndrome of daytime dysfunctions and the overall situation of their sleeping health admits no optimism; a negative correlation exists between circadian preferences and sleeping quality, which proves the chronotype of eveningness may influence badly on sleeping quality. Therefore college educators should construct a healthy circumstances for the students by changing the ideas of education, enhancing the consciousness of health education, strengthening the mental health service and improving the relevant systems, in order to guide the college students to build up healthy consciousness and to encourage them to study and live in a more scientific way, which

  9. 大学生理财现状及对策研究%A Survey of College Students' Financial Management and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凤林

    2011-01-01

    Improper consumer attitudes and poor financial management are not rare among college students.We should teach students financial management skills by means of setting up financial courses and programs,financial seminars and financial literacy contest.In addition,we should help students master the complete and scientific financial management processes through organization of financial management practices.%当前,大学生群体中存在着消费观念不够正确,或是理财意识较为薄弱的状况。我们要通过开设理财课程、组织理财知识专题讲座以及举办理财知识竞赛等途径,向大学生传授理财知识。另外,我们还要通过组织理财实践,使大学生系统掌握完整而科学的理财流程,帮助大学生构建适合自己的理财模式,指导大学生"开源"与"节流"的方法和技巧。

  10. 维吾尔族大学生双语态度调查研究%Uighur college Students' Bilingual Attitude Survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖丽菲娅·阿克拜尔江

    2014-01-01

    The research of Uygur college students' positive attitudes towards Uygur and Chinese,the attitude of language se-lection and transformation in different communication situations, and the purpose of the Uygur collage students to learn Chin-ese and the attitude of using Chinese has very important significance to the bilingual teaching,and has great influence on the ethnic relations and language policy.%对维吾尔族大学生对母语和汉语的民族认同态度,在不同的交往情景中语言选择和转换的态度,以及维吾尔族民考民大学生学习汉语的目的,和对使用汉语的态度的研究,对双语教学有很重要的意义,并且对民族关系、语言政策也具有很大的影响力。

  11. A survey of hearing loss in college students caused by portable music players%个人音乐播放器对大学生人群听力影响的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛秋红; 陈小林

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impact of portable music players on hearing loss in college students. Methods A total of 312 college students were randomly enrolled in the survey under the same criteria. The students were interviewed regarding their basic information and use of portable music players. Each student underwent a pure tone audiometry test (Siemens-SD50). Correlations between hearing threshold and sex, ear, playing time, and total time were evaluated by multiple linear regression ( SPSS 16.0). Results Among all the students, the hearing loss of the right ear was more significant than the left. In the students using portable music players, the bilateral hearing loss was higher than those without. Significant elevations of hearing threshold were observed in students who used portable music players over 3 years. Conclusions Long-term use of portable music players can lead to chronic hearing loss, or even noiseinduced hearing loss in college students.%目的 探讨个人音乐播放器对大学生人群中使用者的听力损失影响因素.方法 随机抽取312名大学生作为研究对象.通过个人自填问卷方式收集受试者基本信息和个人音乐播放器使用情况,使用听力计测定受调查者双耳听阈水平.以多重线性回归分析研究性别、耳的差异,使用个人音乐播放器的时间、年限与听力损失的相关性.结果 受试者总体右耳听力较左耳显著下降,使用个人音乐播放器者双耳均有显著听力损失,使用年限超过3年者右耳听力损失显著高于使用年限小于3年人群.结论 长期使用个人音乐播放器可导致大学生人群慢性听力损失并可能导致噪声性聋.

  12. The Relationship between College Class and Cigarette Smoking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leppel, Karen

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the relation between college class and cigarette-smoking behavior in the USA. Design/methodology/approach: National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS) data were employed. Five binary and two cumulative logit equations are estimated to explore the impact of college class on: having ever…

  13. Cyberbullying Behaviors among Female College Students: Witnessing, Perpetration, and Victimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selkie, Ellen M.; Kota, Rajitha; Moreno, Megan

    2016-01-01

    Problem: Cyberbullying is common among adolescents, and emerging studies also describe this phenomenon in college students. Less is known about specific cyberbullying behaviors and roles in cyberbullying incidents experienced by college females. Methods: 249 female students from 4 colleges completed online surveys assessing involvement in 11…

  14. Cyberbullying Behaviors among Female College Students: Witnessing, Perpetration, and Victimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selkie, Ellen M.; Kota, Rajitha; Moreno, Megan

    2016-01-01

    Problem: Cyberbullying is common among adolescents, and emerging studies also describe this phenomenon in college students. Less is known about specific cyberbullying behaviors and roles in cyberbullying incidents experienced by college females. Methods: 249 female students from 4 colleges completed online surveys assessing involvement in 11…

  15. Gender Related Attitudes towards Eating and Health among College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papini, Dennis R.; Lloyd, Paul J.

    Heightened concern about eating behavior has been expressed in recent surveys of high school and college students. There have been increased requests for treatment of eating disorders among college students and many colleges have developed programs that provide treatment for students afflicted with an eating disorder. The Eating Disorder Inventory…

  16. Causes for Ineffective College English Teaching and Relevant Countermeasures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Changyu; Li, Lijuan

    2009-01-01

    Through a questionnaire and a survey, the paper analyses the present College English teaching and the contributing factors for the ineffective College English teaching. Based on the analysis, the paper suggests four countermeasures to improve College English teaching quality. According to this paper, only when teachers and educational workers…

  17. Retirement in Illinois Community Colleges, 1985-1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, David L.

    This analysis of retirement planning and early retirement incentive plans in Illinois community colleges was drawn from a study of early retirement plans at each of the state's 39 community colleges, and a follow-up survey to clarify information in the documents and determine colleges' plans for the future. After introductory comments on the issue…

  18. Drinking to Get Drunk among Incoming Freshmen College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boekeloo, Bradley O.; Novik, Melinda G.; Bush, Elizabeth N.

    2011-01-01

    Background: The consumption of alcohol is ubiquitous on many college and university campuses. For some freshmen students, drinking may even be considered a "right of passage." Purpose: This study examined college freshmen who intentionally drink alcohol to get drunk (DTGD). Methods: Survey data from 307 incoming freshmen college students living in…

  19. Prevalence of radiographic changes in yearling and 2-year-old Quarter Horses intended for cutting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Contino, E K; Park, R D; McIlwraith, C W

    2012-03-01

    There have been many studies that document radiographic findings in young Thoroughbred and Standardbred horses. No such studies have been performed in Quarter Horses. To describe the prevalence of radiographic changes in the stifles, tarsi, carpi and fetlocks of young Quarter Horses intended for cutting. Radiographs of yearling and 2-year-old Quarter Horses were obtained from a radiograph repository and a private farm. The carpi, tarsi, fetlocks and stifles were evaluated and radiographic changes categorised by type and location. The frequency of changes was calculated and comparisons were made between the 2 age groups. Of 458 included horses, 408 (89.1%) had radiographic changes, most of which were in the tarsi (304, 69.4%) followed by the stifles (202, 44.5%), hind fetlocks (155 of 355, 43.7%), fore fetlocks (131 of 361, 36.3%) and carpi (27 of 342, 7.9%). Of the horses with stifle changes, 188 (93.1%) were in the medial femoral condyle (MFC). There was a significant difference between the age groups for changes on the distal intermediate ridge of the tibia (DIRT), hindlimb middle phalanx (P2) osteophytes and proximal tibial osteophytes. There is a high prevalence of radiographic changes in presale survey radiographs, especially in the stifles and tarsi, of young Quarter Horses intended for cutting. Veterinarians examining presale radiographs at cutting horse sales should expect a high prevalence of radiographic changes in this population of horses. Work to determine the clinical relevance of these radiographic changes is currently ongoing. © 2011 EVJ Ltd.

  20. Community College Enrollment, College Major, and the Gender Wage Gap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Andrew M.; Leigh, Duane E.

    2000-01-01

    Independent cross-sections developed using National Longitudinal Survey data reveal a decrease in the gender wage gap from 1989-1994 due to fewer differences in tenure and full-time employment. Disaggregating education by two- and four-year providers and college major accounts for 8.5-11% of the narrower wage gap for the period. (SK)

  1. Understanding young adult physical activity, alcohol and tobacco use in community colleges and 4-year post-secondary institutions: A cross-sectional analysis of epidemiological surveillance data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lust Katherine

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Young adults experience many adverse health behavior changes as they transition from adolescence into adulthood. A better understanding of the relationships between health promoting and risky health behaviors may aid in the development of health promotion interventions for various types of young adult post-secondary students. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine associations between alcohol and tobacco use and physical activity among 2-year and 4-year college students. Methods Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using 2007 survey data, collected as part of an on-going post-secondary health surveillance system in Minnesota. Students were randomly selected to participant from 14 Minnesota colleges and universities (six 2-year community and/or technical colleges, eight 4-year post-secondary institutions. The 2007 surveillance data included 9,931 respondents. Results The prevalence of demographic characteristics and health behaviors (e.g., physical activity, tobacco use differed between young adults attending 2-year and 4-year post-secondary institutions; in general, those attending 2-year institutions are representative of more at-risk populations. Overall, higher levels of moderate, vigorous and strengthening physical activity were associated with higher levels of alcohol consumption and lower levels of smoking. In general, despite the disparities in the prevalence of these risk behaviors, the associations between the behaviors did not differ substantially between 2-year and 4-year post-secondary populations. Conclusions These findings illustrate links between leading risk behaviors. Interventions targeting multiple risk behaviors among young adults may warrant further consideration. Overall, future research is needed to support and inform young adult health promotion efforts that may be implemented in a wide array of post-secondary institutions.

  2. Physical Activity among Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Sarah J.; Sturts, Jill R.; Ross, Craig M.

    2015-01-01

    This exploratory study provides insight into the perceived physical activity levels of students attending a Midwestern 2-year community college. Over 60% of respondents were classified as overweight or obese based on a BMI measurement. The majority of respondents were not participating regularly in physical activity to gain any health benefits,…

  3. Physical Activity among Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Sarah J.; Sturts, Jill R.; Ross, Craig M.

    2015-01-01

    This exploratory study provides insight into the perceived physical activity levels of students attending a Midwestern 2-year community college. Over 60% of respondents were classified as overweight or obese based on a BMI measurement. The majority of respondents were not participating regularly in physical activity to gain any health benefits,…

  4. Cultivating Practice Ability of College Students’ from Social Survey:a Perspective of Collaborative Innovation%以社会调查能力窥探大学生社会实践能力培养--基于协同创新的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李硕; 任义科

    2014-01-01

    College students’ practical ability is composed of a variety of capabilities. Social survey ability is the basic and the foundation of all the other practical abilities. Based on collaborative innovation perspective, started by the social survey practice courses, this paper analyzes some problems about the methods of cultivating college students’ social survey ability involving in various parts in the university collaborative innovation system. Some suggestions are proposed to enhance the ability of college students in social practice, by strengthening the training of college students’ social survey ability from the arrangement of social survey course, and cooperation of teachers, administration staffs and other sections.%大学生实践能力是由多种能力构成的,其中,社会调查能力是最基本的实践能力,也是其他一切实践能力的基础。本文基于协同创新视角,从大学生社会调查实践课程着手,研究高校内部协同创新各主体在大学生社会调查能力培养方面存在的问题,提出要提升大学生社会实践能力,必须加强大学生社会调查能力的培养,要从社会调查实践课程设置、教师队伍建设、行政职能部门的支持配合等多方面着手,来实现大学生社会实践能力水平的提升。

  5. 高职院校课程考试改革探索%Survey of Examination Reform of Courses for Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶志娟

    2014-01-01

    课程考试改革是高职院校人才培养模式改革的重要内容,目前课程考试存在考试内容过分依附于教材、考核方式过分依赖于笔试、考核能力偏重于记忆力、评价结果过于看重考试的分数等问题,必须树立以能力测试为中心的现代考试理念,构建以职教特色为核心的课程考试体系,完善以服务学生为宗旨的考试管理体制。%The curriculum examination reform is an important part of the mode reform of talent cultiva-tion in higher vocational colleges .At present ,some problems have arisen in the curriculum examination as follows :the content of examination overly depends on textbooks ;the ways of testing overly rely on writ-ten examination ;the testing ability puts more emphasis on students'memory ;the evaluation results focus too much on the marks .As a result ,the authors point out in this paper that the modern examination con-cept centering around skill testing must be set up and the curriculum examination system with the charac-teristic of vocational education must be established to improve the examination management system dedica-ted to serving students .

  6. The situation survey and analysis of college counselor incentive mechanism%高校辅导员激励机制现状与调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张栋贤; 谢爱华

    2013-01-01

    The university counselor is mainly engaged in the ideological and political education of students cadres, act as the party's line, principles, policies and communicator, training students to become important role in socialist construction talent instructors, students' learning life management. The building of the contingent of counselors for the construction and development of universities, has a very important role in cultivating high quality talents in the new era. Therefore, the establishment of an effective motivation mechanism to optimize the human resources of colleges, attract talent, improve the job satisfaction, improve working enthusiasm, stimulate their innovation ability.%  高校辅导员是主要从事学生思想政治教育的干部,是担当着党的路线、方针、政策的传播者,培养学生成为社会主义建设人才的教导者、学生学习生活管理者三者重要角色。辅导员队伍的建设对于高校的建设和发展,对于新时代高素质人才的培养有着非常关键的作用。所以,建立有效的辅导员激励机制有利于优化高校人力资源,吸引和凝聚优秀人才,提高辅导员的工作满意度,提升工作的积极性,激发辅导员的创新能力。

  7. Sleep Duration, but Not Insomnia, Predicts the 2-Year Course of Depressive and Anxiety Disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Mill, Josine G.; Vogelzangs, Nicole; van Someren, Eus J. W.; Hoogendijk, Witte J. G.; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To examine the predictive role of insomnia and sleep duration on the 2-year course of depressive and anxiety disorders. Method: This study is a secondary data analysis based on data from the baseline (2004-2007) and 2-year assessment of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety. Par

  8. 7 CFR 25.403. - Ongoing 2-year work plan requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Ongoing 2-year work plan requirement. 25.403. Section... COMMUNITIES Post-Designation Requirements § 25.403. Ongoing 2-year work plan requirement. (a) Each Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community shall prepare and submit annually, work plans for the subsequent...

  9. Night-vision goggles for night-blind subjects : subjective evaluation after 2 years of use

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartong, D. T.; Kooijman, A. C.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness of night-vision goggles (NVG) for night-blind subjects after 1 and 2 years of use. Methods: Eleven night-blind subjects with retinitis pigmentosa used NVG for a 2-year period. At the end of each year, they were requested to fill-in two questionnaires regarding the

  10. Sleep duration, but not insomnia, predicts the 2-year course of depressive and anxiety disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. van Mill; N. Vogelzangs (Nicole); E.J.W. van Someren (Eus); W.J.G. Hoogendijk (Witte); B.W.J.H. Penninx (Brenda)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractObjective: To examine the predictive role of insomnia andsleep duration on the 2-year course of depressive andanxiety disorders. Method: This study is a secondary data analysis based ondata from the baseline (2004-2007) and 2-year assessmentof the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxi

  11. Sleep duration, but not insomnia, predicts the 2-year course of depressive and anxiety disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Mill, Josine G; Vogelzangs, Nicole; van Someren, Eus J W; Hoogendijk, Witte J G; Penninx, Brenda W J H

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the predictive role of insomnia and sleep duration on the 2-year course of depressive and anxiety disorders. METHOD: This study is a secondary data analysis based on data from the baseline (2004-2007) and 2-year assessment of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety. Par

  12. Hispanic Transfer in 2-Year Hispanic-Serving Institutions. A White Paper for HACU

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunez, Anne-Marie; Crisp, Gloria; Elizondo, Diane

    2012-01-01

    Community colleges offer Hispanic students a critical gateway to bachelor's degrees, but these institutions also have low transfer rates to four-year institutions. Some research suggests that Hispanic-Serving community colleges have higher Hispanic transfer rates. This paper examines transfer patterns of a national sample of Hispanic community…

  13. Management Priorities of College Presidents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrick, Cathleen; Caruthers, J. Kent

    1980-01-01

    Based on 900 returns from a survey of all U.S. college and university presidents, priorities were found to reflect needs to deal with retrenchment. Priorities included: communicating institutional strengths to students, parents, public, and state legislatures; integrating program review results; resource allocation; faculty vitality and renewal;…

  14. Teaching Leadership in Technical Programs at Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeBlauw, Amanda L.; Daugherty, Jenny L.

    2017-01-01

    This descriptive study explored how community colleges are teaching leadership in technical programs. Leadership education curricular offerings were identified via a survey and selected programs reviewed. 68 Deans, Directors, or Chairpersons of a Business, Management, or Technology program completed the survey, representing 61 community colleges.…

  15. College Students' Perspectives on Dating a Person Who Stutters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayo, Robert; Mayo, Carolyn M.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine college students' perspectives on dating a person who stutters (PWS). One hundred and thirty-two college students responded to a 19-item survey questionnaire. Survey items included questions about participants' familiarity with persons who stutter, family and/or personal history of stuttering, knowledge of…

  16. Parental Income and College Opportunity. DSC Report Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manski, Charles F.

    This paper describes recent patterns of income stratification in American colleges. Data from the Current Population Survey provide estimates of college enrollment stratification by income during the period 1970-1988. The National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972 and the High School and Beyond survey provide data for two cohorts…

  17. Bowie State College Teaching Faculty's Attitudes toward Public Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Wanda E.; And Others

    This survey sought the opinions of faculty members at Bowie State College on 40 questions concerning academic and societal issues in public education. Responses to the survey questionnaire by faculty members represented a return of 14.5 percent, or 15 individuals. Tables are included comparing the responses of the Bowie State College sample and…

  18. Community College Faculty: Attitudes toward Guns on Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahl, Patricia P.; Bonham, Gene, Jr.; Reddington, Frances P.

    2016-01-01

    This exploratory research surveyed faculty who instruct in community colleges from 18 states about their attitudes toward the concealed carry gun policies that allow appropriately licensed citizens to carry a handgun in public places such as college campuses. Building upon previous research involving 4-year institutions, we surveyed 1,889…

  19. A survey about curriculum reform on the eight-year program at Peking Union Medical College%北京协和医学院八年制医学专业课程改革的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勤; 李立明

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过对我国最早开设八年制医学教育的北京协和医学院教师的问卷调查,为我国八年制医学专业课程改革提供依据。方法采用问卷调查法,通过专家咨询法确定问卷设计,在北京协和医学院从事八年制医学教育的教师中抽取100人调查,问卷回收率72%。结果62.5%的被调查者认为理想的基础医学课程结构应该是多学科整合和以器官—系统为基础或以疾病为基础;超过50%的教师认为八年制医学专业课程中需要加强的内容包括全学程临床经历、循证医学、沟通交流、心理学、社会服务、伦理学、公共卫生;受调查者认为应该增加激发学生主动学习的教学方法,并且认为实施主动学习方法没有障碍。结论在未来北京协和医学院八年制临床医学专业的课程改革中,应结合调查结果在课程组织方式、教育教学方法选择、教学内容等方面做出改革,并且加强师资队伍培训。%Objectives To carry out a questionnaire survey on eight-year program teachers at Peking Union Medical College which is the first medical institution to set up eight-year program in China, and to provide a basis for eight-year program curriculum reform. Methods Used a questionnaire survey designed and determined through the expert consultation, sampled 100 teachers who teach the eight-year students at Peking Union Medical College, and the response rate was 72%. Results 62.5%of respondents believed that the ideal structure for basic medical courses should be multi-disciplinary integration based on organ system or disease;more than 50%of respondents thought that some subjects such as clinical experience throughout the whole education period, evidence-based medicine, communication, psychology, social service, ethics and public health should be strengthened;the respondents suggested to increase the teaching method which could stimulate students to learn actively, and

  20. 低年级大学生网络成瘾及成瘾倾向状况调查%An epidemiological survey of internet addiction and internet addiction tendencies among junior college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵静; 齐玉龙; 梅翠竹

    2012-01-01

    目的:调查低年级大学生网络成瘾及成瘾倾向,了解其心理健康状况及所采取的应对方式,为大学生网络成瘾的早期干预提供依据.方法:分层抽取安徽某大学一、二年级大学生190名,使用、和进行自填式问卷调查.结果:调查对象网络成瘾检出率为5.3%,其中男生8.1%,女生3.9%,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);二年级为8.9%,高于一年级1.1%(P0.05);二年级为19.8%,高于一年级13.5%(P>0.05).网络成瘾组及倾向组与正常组比较,SCL-90总分及各因子分均高于正常组(P<0.01);在应对方式上,网络成瘾组与正常组在消极应对上差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),积极应对上差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:低年级大学生网络成瘾及倾向者心理健康水平较低,且倾向于使用消极的应对方式.%Objective: To explore the cunent status of internet addiction and addiction tendencies of junior college students, and to study the status of the irmental health and the coping styles, so as to provide the basis for the early intervention for junior college students. Methods: Using stratified cluster random sanpling method, 190 college students of Anhui Province were investigated with " CIAS-R"," Symptom Check Scale List-90" and" Trait Coping Style Questionnaire". Results: Among all students surveyed 5. 3% of intemet users were diagnosed with internet addiction, including 8. 1% male students and 3. 9% female students. There was no significant difference between them(P >0. 05). It was higher in sophcmores(8. 9% ) than in freshmen(1. 1% ) (P 0. 05). There was 19. 8% of sophcmores, compared with 13. 5% of freshnen with no significance between them( P > 0. 05). Intemet addiction group and addiction tendency group, compared with normal group had significant differences in the total scores of all factors of SCL-90(P 0.05). Conclusions: internet addiction and addiction tendencies anong junior college students have lowermental healti and tend to use the

  1. 河南省普通高校大学生体育生活方式的调查及其优化策略%Survey and Optimization Strategy of College Students'Sports Lifestyle in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海龙

    2014-01-01

    文章通过文献资料法、数理统计法、问卷调查法等研究方法对河南省大学生体育生活方式的现状进行探讨,进而提出优化策略,希望能够提高学生的体质健康水平,从而建立健康、文明的体育生活方式,为终身体育奠定基础。%This paper discusses the current situation of college and university students 'sports lifestyle in Henan province through the method of literature review , mathematical statistics , questionnaire survey and other research methods, and then put forward the optimization strategy .The main purpose is to improve the students'physical health level , and help them to establish healthy and civilized sports lifestyle , and lay a foundation for lifetime sports.

  2. 高职英语教师信息技术素养调查研究%The Survey on ICT Literacy of English Teachers in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武晓燕; 凌来芳

    2011-01-01

    In terms of the ICT requirements for English teachers in IT-based education,ICT literacy has become one of the important indicators in teachers' professional development.Therefore,we conducted a survey among some English teachers in higher vocational colleges in Zhejiang Province,with the aim of having knowledge of their ICT literacy,finding out their current problems and putting forward some suggestions.%教育信息化对英语教师的信息技术素养提出了一定的要求,信息技术ICT素养已成为教师专业发展的一个重要指标。针对浙江省高职院校英语教师的信息技术素养现状进行了调查研究,发现其存在的问题并提出了一些针对性建议。

  3. 民办高职院校《职业生涯发展教育课程》的调查与分析%The Survey and Analysis about Career Development Education Course in Private Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付立平; 武桂玲

    2014-01-01

    AbstractCareer development education course is the main channel for students’ career planning and career guidance, which has a profound impact on students’ future career development and employment success.Through the survey found, the career development course of private vocational colleges in Shanghai has a series of problems in course conception, course standardization, teaching content, teaching methods, teaching facultyand etc. In order to optimize teaching level of career development course, teaching authorities should focus on changing the course conception, building a comprehensive course organization and implementation system, building a entire course process model, reformingthe teaching methods and improving the professional level of teachers.%通过调查发现,上海市民办高职院校职业生涯发展教育课程在认知理念、课程规范化、教学内容、教学方法、师资力量等方面存在一系列问题。为了优化职业生涯发展教育课程教学,教学主管部门应着力转变课程的认知理念,建立覆盖全面的课程组织实施体系,构建课程全程化模式,改革教学方法并提升师资的专业化水平。

  4. 民办高职院校《职业生涯发展教育课程》的调查与分析%The Survey and Analysis about Career Development Education Course in Private Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付立平; 武桂玲

    2014-01-01

    通过调查发现,上海市民办高职院校职业生涯发展教育课程在认知理念、课程规范化、教学内容、教学方法、师资力量等方面存在一系列问题。为了优化职业生涯发展教育课程教学,教学主管部门应着力转变课程的认知理念,建立覆盖全面的课程组织实施体系,构建课程全程化模式,改革教学方法并提升师资的专业化水平。%Career development education course is the main channel for students’ career planning and career guidance, which has a profound impact on students’ future career development and employment success.Through the survey found, the career development course of private vocational colleges in Shanghai has a series of problems in course conception, course standardization, teaching content, teaching methods, teaching facultyand etc. In order to optimize teaching level of career development course, teaching authorities should focus on changing the course conception, building a comprehensive course organization and implementation system, building a entire course process model, reformingthe teaching methods and improving the professional level of teachers.

  5. Survey on Internet addiction disorder of college students in three universities of Shanxi province%山西省3所高校大学生网络成瘾调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐勇; 张克让

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Adolescent Intemet addition disorder(IAD) gradually appears with the rapid popularization of Internet in China. National researches are rare at present.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the status quo of Internet use and on-line behavior characters of college students and to provide scientific data for the prevention of adolescent IAD.DESIGN: A status quo survey by employing college students as subjects SETTING: Department of psychiatrics of a medical university-affiliated hospitalPARTICIPANTS: Totally 510 college students were selected from three different type universities of Shanxi province including Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan University of Technology, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics between November 2003 and February 2004.METHODS: Totally 510 college students from three universities of Shanxi Province were assessed by IAD test and self-compiled questionnaire for on-line college students.and non-IAD students.RESULTS: The detectable rate of IAD in college students of Shanxi province was 6.2%. More male students( n =29) had IAD than female students ( n = 3 ). Weekly on-line time of IAD students was (18.59 ± 16. 12)hours, which was significantly longer than (5.61 ± 5.64) hours of non-IAD student( P < 0. 001 ) . There were significant differences of monthly on-line expenses, usual on-line place, opinions of whether intemet had negative impacts, understanding of their parents on internet functions they used, and the objective of on-line between IAD students and non-IAD students(P<0.05 -0. 001 ), while there were no significant differences of on-line history and the utilization of internet function between two groups of students ( P > 0. 05).CONCLUSION: The detectable rate of IAD in college students is relatively high and there is significant difference of on-line behavior characters between IAD students and non-IAD students, which should arouse attentions from the related department to prevent the occurrence of IAD.%背景:青少年网络

  6. Measuring How College Affects Students: Social Desirability and Other Potential Biases in College Student Self-Reported Gains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowman, Nicholas A.; Hill, Patrick L.

    2011-01-01

    Colleges and universities are increasingly using national surveys to assess their students' learning and development. Given the importance of the first year of college for student adjustment and retention (Tinto, 1993), some of these surveys are designed specifically to gauge the experiences and outcomes of first-year students. These large-scale…

  7. Conducting a Withdrawal Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldridge, Sue; Rowley, Jennifer

    2001-01-01

    A survey at Edge Hill College of Higher Education in Canada, designed to be part of the mechanism for monitoring and evaluating the quality of the student experience, revealed that key factors influencing withdrawal were: course not as expected, traveling difficulties, institution not as expected, domestic difficulties, and financial difficulties.…

  8. The Healthy College Student

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Adams O’Connell PhD

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the impact of health behaviors on morbidity often focus on the limited impact of a single behavior or a limited group of behaviors. In this study, we examine college student behaviors and investigate the link of these behaviors with a 2-week illness profile. Through self-reported surveys, we measure acute illness and a general illness burden, a cumulative measure of major and minor ailments. We explore how daily routines correlate with these illness measures. Eighty-four students from a random sample of 90 students attending a small liberal arts school completed the survey for a response rate of 93%. Living arrangements, exercise, sleep patterns, eating preferences and habits, and “social” behaviors were all significantly associated with illness burden. Students living in “singles” and those who got regular exercise and an average of 7 hr of sleep per night reported less illness. Most interesting is the effect of social behaviors. Students who greet others with a handshake reported higher illness rates, as did students who share food and/or drinks. While we can conceptualize why these behaviors would lead to a greater illness burden, students who engaged more frequently in these behaviors also reported being “happier.” In trying to reduce illness among college students, we might suggest less handshaking and food and beverage sharing, but these actions are ways in which college students express and maintain friendships. College administrators are challenged to discover ways to reduce illness while maintaining the positive aspects of local student culture. This study begins to explore some ways to balance health and camaraderie.

  9. A DESCRIPTION OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN--I. STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT CHOICES OF MAJOR FIELD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ABE, CLIFFORD; HOLLAND, JOHN L.

    COLLEGE FRESHMEN PLANNING TO MAJOR IN DIFFERENT FIELDS OF STUDY ARE DESCRIBED. THE SAMPLE STUDIED INCLUDED 12,432 COLLEGE FRESHMEN ENROLLED IN 31 INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION DURING APRIL AND MAY 1964. THE AMERICAN COLLEGE SURVEY WAS USED TO ASSESS STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS. INCLUDED IN THIS SURVEY IS THE VOCATIONAL PREFERENCE INVENTORY,…

  10. Community College Economics Instruction: Results from a National Science Foundation Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maier, Mark; Chi, W. Edward

    2016-01-01

    The principal investigator of a National Science Foundation project, "Economics at Community Colleges," surveyed community college economics faculty and organized workshops, webinars, and regional meetings to address community college faculty isolation from new ideas in economics and economics instruction. Survey results, combined with…

  11. A Four Year Follow-Up of Non-Returning Students at Montgomery College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Robert L.; And Others

    An annual survey of non-returning Montgomery College students from the years 1971 to 1973 was conducted in order to examine reasons for choosing to leave the college, identify trends, determine the status of students at the time of the survey, and assess the impact of their college experience on current activities. The 454 usable responses (20…

  12. Community College Economics Instruction: Results from a National Science Foundation Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maier, Mark; Chi, W. Edward

    2016-01-01

    The principal investigator of a National Science Foundation project, "Economics at Community Colleges," surveyed community college economics faculty and organized workshops, webinars, and regional meetings to address community college faculty isolation from new ideas in economics and economics instruction. Survey results, combined with…

  13. Strengthening the Role of Part-Time Faculty in Community Colleges. Focus Group Toolkit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center for Community College Student Engagement, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The Center for Community College Student Engagement encourages colleges to hold focus groups with part-time and full-time faculty to learn about differences in the faculty and their experience at their college and to complement survey data. Survey responses tell the "what" about faculty's experiences; through conducting focus groups,…

  14. Organizational Structure in Multi-Campus Community Junior Colleges/Districts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Nai-Kwang

    The administrative structures and functions of multi-campus colleges/districts of the same size as the Community College of Denver (CCD) were investigated to determine the positive and negative aspects of multi-campus colleges vs. separate independent colleges and of centralization vs. decentralization of 38 administrative functions. A survey of…

  15. Postsecondary Strengths, Challenges, and Supports Experienced by Foster Care Alumni College Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salazar, Amy M.; Jones, Kevin R.; Emerson, John C.; Mucha, Lauren

    2016-01-01

    Young people transitioning from foster care to college experience unique identities and circumstances that make being successful in college especially challenging. We used qualitative survey data from 248 college graduates who were formerly in foster care to explore the strengths, challenges, and supports they experienced while in college that…

  16. The Transfer Function Is Alive and Well at the Private/Independent Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schachter, Pam Brown

    1986-01-01

    Reports on an examination of the transfer function a sample of 10 private/independent junior colleges. Reviews data obtained through analyses of college catalogs and available descriptive information and through survey research focusing on college goals. Reveals evidence of the private/independent junior college's commitment to the transfer…

  17. Turning the Question Around: Do Colleges Fail to Meet Students' Expectations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenbaum, James E.; Becker, Kelly Iwanaga; Cepa, Kennan A.; Zapata-Gietl, Claudia E.

    2016-01-01

    Research often focuses on how students fail to meet college expectations, but it rarely asks how colleges fail to meet students' expectations. This study examines students' expectations of college and their institutional confidence--their level of certainty that college will meet their expectations. Drawing on 65 pilot interviews and a survey of…

  18. The 2010 American college of rheumatology fibromyalgia survey diagnostic criteria and symptom severity scale is a valid and reliable tool in a French speaking fibromyalgia cohort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitzcharles Mary-Ann

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fibromyalgia (FM is a pain condition with associated symptoms contributing to distress. The Fibromyalgia Survey Diagnostic Criteria and Severity Scale (FSDC is a patient-administered questionnaire assessing diagnosis and symptom severity. Locations of body pain measured by the Widespread Pain Index (WPI, and the Symptom Severity scale (SS measuring fatigue, unrefreshing sleep, cognitive and somatic complaints provide a score (0–31, measuring a composite of polysymptomatic distress. The reliability and validity of the translated French version of the FSDC was evaluated. Methods The French FSDC was administered twice to 73 FM patients, and was correlated with measures of symptom status including: Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ, Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ, McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ, and a visual analogue scale (VAS for global severity and pain. Test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and construct validity were evaluated. Results Test-retest reliability was between .600 and .888 for the 25 single items of the FSDC, and .912 for the total FSDC, with all correlations significant (p  Conclusions The French FSDC is a valid instrument in French FM patients with reliability and construct validity. It is easily completed, simple to score, and has the potential to become the standard for measurement of polysymptomatic distress in FM.

  19. 某医学院校新生油性皮肤者面部蠕形螨感染调查%Survey of facial Demodex infection among medical college students with oily skin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田新利

    2011-01-01

    Aim To survey the current status of Demodex infections in Xingtai Medical College students with oily skin.Methods Transparent adhesive tape was used for survey of Demodex infection in students of Xintai Medical College.Results A total of 804 students were surveyed and 306 students were with oily skin,accounted for 38.3% .The total infection rate of Demodex was 34.4%(106/308). The infection of Demodex folliculorum accounted for 50.9%(54/ 106) was higher than that of Demodex brevis(20.8%,22/106)(P<0.01, )and mixed infection occupied 28.3%(30/106). Conclusion Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis infection predominated in students and preventive and control measures be taken.%目的 调查某医学院校新生油性皮肤者面部人体蠕形螨的感染情况,并分析人体蠕形螨感染的影响因素,为特定人群蠕形螨的防治提供依据.方法 对部分新生进行问卷调查,并对油性皮肤者面部蠕形螨的感染进行检查,采用透明胶带粘贴过夜法查螨虫.胶带置于光镜下检查,阳性片计数虫数并进行虫种鉴定.结果 共调查804名学生,其中油性皮肤者308名,占38.3%.油性皮肤者面部蠕形螨感染情况如下,总感染率为34.4%(106/308),单纯毛囊蠕形螨感染占50.9%(54/106),单纯皮脂蠕形螨感染占20.8%(22/106),二者差异有统计学意义(χ2=21.0,P<0.01),混合感染占28.3%(30,106).轻度感染占94.3%(100/106).鼻侧感染54.7%(58,106)较额部47.1%(50/106)、鼻尖35.8%(38/106)高,前二者与鼻尖差异有统计学意义(χ2=7.61,P<0.01).结论 该校新生油性皮肤者人体蠕形螨普遍,但以轻度感染为主,毛囊蠕形螨感染高于皮脂蠕形螨,感染以鼻侧、额部为主,感染与生活习惯有关.

  20. Double half-cone flap umbilicoplasty for proboscoid umbilical hernia in a 2 years old child with satisfactory results 2 years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashu, Eseme Ebai; Leroy, Guifo Marc; Aristide, Bang Guy; Joss, Bitang Mafok Louis; Bonaventure, Jemea; Patrick, Savom Eric; Myriam, Fotso Guegne

    2015-01-01

    Surgical repair of large umbilical hernias may present a challenging surgical problem; standard surgical techniques have proven to be inadequate for both closing the fascial defect of the umbilicus and providing a satisfactory cosmetic result. We describe here a case of double half-cone flap umbilicoplasty that was performed in a 2 years old boy. The case of a 2 years old child with proboscoid umbilical hernia. The protruding umbilical skin was excised sharply by two V-shaped cuts leaving two half cones, a short cephalic (0.5cm) and a long caudal (1cm). A classic herniotomy was carried out, with repair of the facial defect. The caudal half cone was sutured from its apex till half it's length upon itself with interrupted sutures and it was anchored deeply to the fascia. Then we inverted the cephalic half cone which was sutured to the caudal cone to form the new umbilicus. The early result was excellent with no complications and the result after 2years revealed a cosmetically satisfactory shape of the umbilicus. this technique provides a good solution for reconstruction of the protruding umbilical skin and it is easy to learn, easy to be taught and perform in surgical environments and may be applicable for any kind of umbilical reconstruction.

  1. Inflammatory and Metabolic Dysregulation and the 2-Year Course of Depressive Disorders in Antidepressant Users

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vogelzangs, Nicole; Beekman, Aartjan T. F.; Dortland, Arianne K. B. van Reedt; Schoevers, Robert A.; Giltay, Erik J.; de Jonge, Peter; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.

    2014-01-01

    Scarce evidence suggests that inflammatory and metabolic dysregulation predicts poor response to antidepressants, which could result in worse depression outcome. This study prospectively examined whether inflammatory and metabolic dysregulation predicted the 2-year course of depressive disorders amo

  2. Relation between body composition at birth and child development at 2 years of age

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abera, Mubarek; Tesfaye, Markos; Girma, Tsinuel

    2017-01-01

    -displacement plethysmography. Child development was assessed at 2 years of age using Denver developmental screening test. Associations between body composition at birth and development at 2 years of age were tested using linear regression analysis. RESULTS: FFM but not FM at birth was positively associated with higher global...... (FFM) at birth. This study therefore aimed at investigating the relation between body composition at birth and child development at 2 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: An Ethiopian birth cohort was followed up at 2 years. Body composition was measured within 48 h of birth using infant air......BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Birth weight (BW), independent of socioeconomic status, has been identified as a predictor for childhood cognitive development. However, it is not known whether this relation is related to low BW per se or particularly related to a deficit in fat mass (FM) or fat-free mass...

  3. Association of the recurrence and canceration rate of vocal leukoplakia with interleukin-10 promoter variants over a 2-year period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jian; Zhang, Duo; Zhou, Liang; Yang, Yue; Liu, Fei; Tao, Lei; Lu, Li-Ming

    2016-11-01

    Conclusion This study indicates that IL-10 promoter polymorphism variants, smoking, and alcohol consumption increase the risk of recurrence and canceration in vocal leukoplakia. Objective This prospective, clinical trial was performed to evaluate the association of interleukin (IL)-10 promoter polymorphism variants and canceration and recurrence rates in vocal leukoplakia (a pre-cancerous laryngeal carcinoma lesion) over a 2-year period. Participants and method Sixty-one post-operative patients with vocal leukoplakia were enrolled in this prospective, observational study and genotyped for the IL-10 promoter gene (IL-10-1082 A/G, -819 T/C and -592 A/C) using pyrosequencing, and responded to a 2-year follow-up survey. Recurrence and canceration rates were used to evaluate the association between the genotype variants and the clinical outcome. Results There was an increased canceration rate in the variant genotype group compared to that in the normal genotype group in the 2-year follow-up period (18.4% vs 0%, p-value = 0.038). Compared with the non-smoker group, the smoker group had a higher recurrence rate of vocal leukoplakia (29.3% vs 5%, p-value =0.044). Likewise, the recurrence rate in the alcohol consumption group was also higher (30.6% vs 8%, p-value =0.034). The percentage of cancerization in the alcohol consumption group was significantly higher than that in the non-alcohol consumption group (19.4% vs 0%, p-value =0.035).

  4. Survey an knowledge, attitude, practice related to contraception among college students in Beijing%北京市大学生避孕知识、态度、行为现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周远忠; 张枚枚; 魏晟; 官黄涛; 尹平; 任宁; 庞雪冰; 熊承良

    2009-01-01

    目的 了解北京市在校大学生避孕知识、态度、行为及影响因素.方法 采用定量研究方法,根据知情同意原则选择12 450名未婚大学生进行匿名问卷调查.结果 共回收12 129份有效问卷,其中女生的避孕相关知识知晓率高于男生,差异有统计学意义(P=0.000).赞成未婚同居及性解放的比率男生分别为81.9%和60.2%,女生分别为74.8%和54.3%;74.3%的男生和24.9%的女生有性自慰史,18.4%的男生和10.5%女生承认发生过婚前性行为;在有性行为的学生中,29.4%的男生曾导致性伴意外妊娠,23.1%的女生发生过意外妊娠;在对以上知识的态度和行为中男女生间的差异均有统计学意义(意外妊娠P=0.004,其余P=0.000).在首次性行为中使用避孕措施的男生和女生均为51.3%;没有使用避孕药具的主要原因是性行为没有计划而未备避孕药具,认为使用麻烦、影响情趣及认为偶尔性行为不会导致怀孕.结论 大学生未婚性行为发生率呈日益上升趋势,未婚性行为中避孕药具使用率低,意外妊娠发生率高,亟需在大学生中加强避孕知识的宣传.%Objective To understand the current status and relative factors on knowledge, attitude, practice to contraception among college students in Beijing and to provide evidence for developing aimed contraceptive service and education in colleges. Methods Quantitative surveys were employed, questionnaire was conducted anonymously among 12 450 unmarried college students under informed consent. Results Among 12 129 students, acknowledgement of contraceptive knowledge among females was superior to males in college(P=0.000). Rates on the favor for unmarried sexual practice and 'sexual liberation' were 81.9% and 60.2% for males, comparing to 74.8% and 54.3% for females respectively. The prevalence rates for masturbation were 74.3% for males and 24.9% for females respectively. 18.4% of the male and 10.5% of the female students had ever

  5. 新疆高校大学生创业意识形成的关键因素探析%Survey of Key Factors of Formation of College Students' Entrepreneurial Awareness in Chinese Frontier Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘明明; 吴雅丽

    2014-01-01

    文章以549份新疆高校大学生创业意识调查问卷数据为依据,运用有序 Probit 模型,探究影响边疆大学创业意识形成的关键因素。结果表明:个人特质是大学生自主创业意识形成的关键,家庭教养、学校教育和社会环境通过影响大学生个体特质,对大学生自主创业意识也有显著影响。性别差异、创业自我效能感、家庭所在地、家庭是否经商、家庭是否支持创业、学校是否要求大学生书写创业计划书、学校对大学生创业培训经费支持、大学生的就业形势以及社会对自主创业优惠政策对边疆大学生创业意识形成的影响系数较大,是大学生自主创业意识培养过程中应该重点关注的因素。%This article analyzes the key factors of formation of the college students' entrepreneurial awareness with the method of Probit model after surveying 549 questionnaires from 6 universities in Xinjiang. The results show that personal qualities are the key to the formation of entrepreneurial awareness. Family cultivation,school education and social environment also have a significant impact on the college students' entrepreneurial awareness by influencing the student's personal qualities. Gender differences,venture self-efficacy,family location are also important factors. Besides,whether the family does business,whether the family supports entrepreneurship,whether schools require students to write a business plan,whether the school provides supporting funds for entrepreneurship, employment situation and privilege policies of society also play important parts,which shows that they are important factors to be paid attention to.

  6. 安徽省大学生饮食习惯与营养健康调查%Eating Habits and Nutrition and Health Survey Among College Students in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李源晖; 许艳; 马翠荣; 姚应水

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the eating habits of undergraduates' health and nutrition in Anhui province. [Method] Using questionnaire, combined with the interview, undergraduates' nutrition conditions were summarized and concluded in respects of the diet, dietary habits of undergraduates in Anhui province. [Results| Among 900 effective survey questionnaire, there were 485 boys and 415 girls, with an average age of 20.81 _+ 2.033. College students' bad eating habits were serious problems, and people who often eat instant noodles and fried food accounted for 43.1% of the total number. Men and women had similar nutrient arrangement (P 〉 0.05). The attention of collocation and breakfast food were the risk factors refers to the irregular diet (OR 〉 1), and city types, monthly food consumption level were protection factors (OR 〈 1). [Conclusion] For research of the eating habits, college students should strengthen concern and consciousness for nutrition health.%目的:了解安徽省大学生的饮食习惯与营养健康状况。方法:采用问卷调查法结合访谈,分别从营养饮食、饮食习惯等方面对安徽省大学生营养情况进行概述和总结,并进行统计学处理。结果:有效的900份调查问卷中,男生485人、女生415人,平均年龄为20.81±2.0;55。大学生的不良饮食习惯问题较严重,常吃方便面、油炸食物的人数占总人数的45.1%;男女生对于营养搭配的重视程度类似(P〉O.05);饮食搭配的关注度、早餐的认知度是发生饮食不规律的危险因素(0R〉1),而城市类型、每月饮食消费水平是发生饮食不规律的保护因素(OR〈1)。结论:对此次饮食习惯的研究后,大学生应加强对营养、健康的关注和意识。

  7. Marketing Effectiveness in Community and Junior Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scigliano, Virginia L.; Scigliano, John A.

    A nationwide survey of a random sample of 210 two-year colleges was conducted in 1979 to test the hypothesis that administrative adherence to sound marketing practices will lead to higher enrollments. Survey participants were asked to respond to 15 items adapted from Philip Kotler's Marketing Audit, a recognized scale of marketing effectiveness…

  8. ANGUILLICOLOSIS AMONG SILVER EELS: A 2-YEAR SURVEY IN 4 HABITATS FROM CAMARGUE (RHÔNE DELTA, SOUTH OF FRANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LEFEBVRE F.

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available We have investigated the spread of the infection by Anguillicola crassus among the silver phase of the European eel Anguilla anguilla in the Rhône delta. We reported values of prevalence, mean intensity and abundance in 4 habitats and we revealed negative relationships between these parasitic parameters and values of salinity (prevalence from 52 % in brackish waters to 77 % in fresh waters. We have also assessed the health state of the infected organ, i.e. the swimbladder. This may be a way to check the parasitic history of individuals throughout their continental phase. In silver eels free from parasites, the proportion of past infected individuals was ranged between 40 % and 78 %. When adding individuals showing worms at the autopsy with those showing signs of past infection(s, we highlighted a great proportion of silver eels really affected by anguillicolosis (from 71 % to 95 %, with a negative relationship in respect to salinity values. So, considering the spread of the infection, and its potential impairments on body condition, gas exchanges, hydrostatic abilities, etc., one may legitimately question about the proportion of silver eels that may get back to the Sargasso sea and reproduce.

  9. Iron-Folic Acid Supplementation During Pregnancy Reduces the Risk of Stunting in Children Less Than 2 Years of Age: A Retrospective Cohort Study from Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasir Bin Nisar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of antenatal iron-folic acid (IFA supplementation on child stunting in Nepalese children age <2 years. A retrospective cohort study design was used, in which a pooled cohort of 5235 most recent live births 2 years prior to interview from three Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (2001, 2006 and 2011 was analysed. The primary outcome was stunting in children age <2 years. The main exposure variable was antenatal IFA supplementation. Multivariate Poisson regression analysis was performed. In our sample, 31% and 10% of Nepalese children age <2 years were stunted and severely stunted, respectively. The adjusted relative risk of being stunted was 14% lower in children whose mothers used IFA supplements compared to those whose mothers did not use (aRR = 0.86, 95% CI = 0.77–0.97. Additionally, the adjusted relative risk of being stunted was significantly reduced by 23% when antenatal IFA supplementation was started ≤6 months with ≥90 IFA supplements used during pregnancy (aRR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.64–0.92. Antenatal IFA supplementation significantly reduced the risk of stunting in Nepalese children age <2 years. The greatest impact on the risk reduction of child stunting was when IFA supplements were started ≤6 months with ≥90 supplements were used.

  10. College algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Kolman, Bernard

    1985-01-01

    College Algebra, Second Edition is a comprehensive presentation of the fundamental concepts and techniques of algebra. The book incorporates some improvements from the previous edition to provide a better learning experience. It provides sufficient materials for use in the study of college algebra. It contains chapters that are devoted to various mathematical concepts, such as the real number system, the theory of polynomial equations, exponential and logarithmic functions, and the geometric definition of each conic section. Progress checks, warnings, and features are inserted. Every chapter c

  11. 河南某高校大学生营养KAP调查及干预效果%Nutrition KAP survey and evaluation of intervention effect of college students in Henan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙锦峰; 李星; 胡小靖; 张骏; 史健翔; 陈帅印; 时宝庆

    2011-01-01

    Aim:To know the nutrition knowledge, attitude and eating behavior of students on campus, evaluate the effect of nutrition education,and provide the basis for nutrition education. Methods; A total of 525 college students of a certain university in Henan province were recruited. The nutrition KAP survey was carried out. And professional nutrition education was conducted to 79 of the students that were randomly selected. Results: Nutrition knowledge of campus students was at average,and the awareness of nutrition was good, but there were bad eating behaviors. Dietary behaviors of students couples were influenced by each other, and most showed the positive influence. Girls' nutrition knowledge scores were higher than boys' ( t = 3. 077 , P = 0. 001 ) , and graduate and undergraduate students showed no difference in nutrition knowledge scores(t = 1.342.P =0. 180). After professional nutrition education, nutrition knowledge, awareness and eating behavior scores significantly improved (t =5.647 and 2. 802,P<0.05). Conclusion;The breadth and depth of nutritional knowledge that college students mastered are insufficient, eating behavior is not scientific,and college students should take various forms of nutrition knowledge and dietary behavior guide. Nutrition education for the students is effective.%目的:了解在校大学生的营养知识、态度及饮食行为(营养KAP),评价营养教育的效果,为开展大学生营养教育提供依据.方法:采用自编调查问卷,对河南某高校525名在校大学生进行营养KAP调查,并选取其中一个专业的79名学生进行营养教育.结果:在校大学生掌握的营养知识情况为一般;对营养的认知程度良好;但存在不良的饮食行为,大学生情侣的饮食行为相互影响,并且大部分呈现的是积极的影响;女生营养知识得分高于男生(t =3.077,P=0.001),研究生和本科生的营养知识得分无差异(t=1.342,P=0.180).经营养教育后大学生的营养知识、对

  12. Current Situation Analysis for Oral English Learning of Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶

    2013-01-01

    Through the questionnaire, this paper makes survey and analysis on the current oral English learning situation of the vocational college students, and explores the methods and approaches to improve the vocational college students ’oral English communication ability.

  13. A Survey on Environmental Awareness and Behaviors of CollegeStudent Tourists in China%我国大学生旅游者环境意识与行为特征研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    是丽娜; 王国聘

    2012-01-01

    作为潜在的生态旅游者群体,大学生对环境问题的认识、态度及其行为倾向对于旅游地生态环境的可持续发展至关重要.文章以南京林业大学为研究对象,通过问卷调查,以配额抽样法探讨大学生旅游者学科专业、性别因素对环境意识的影响,了解环境心理与行为特征,并与国内生态旅游景区旅游者进行对比,研究发现当代大学生旅游者表现出较好的环境态度和倾向,行为意愿上显示出“绿色”的特征,同时专业课程学习以及实践经历能够增强环境认知和情感,对旅游环境与生态知识的渴求和认知程度对整体环境意识水平有较大影响,然而大学生旅游者的环境意识多来源于理论,存在着知行脱节,环境行为滞后于环境情感、意志.应将旅游环境教育与各学科教学结合起来,开展培养环境责任和环保能力的旅游实践活动,加强大学校园环境及文化建设,积极培育大学生旅游环境意识及管理旅游环境行为.%To investigate college students' environmental awareness and behavior characteristics in terms of the attitude to eco-tourism, a survey questionnaire was adopted within the campus of Nanjing Forestry University. The questionnaire with quota random sampling presented that in comparison with the ordinary tourists in the eco-tourism areas the students showed better environmental awareness and tendency which embodied a 'green' character. In light of the survey questionnaire, the eco-environmental specialty courses and the related practices can enhance the students' environmental cognition and feeling; however, their environmental awareness mainly came from the theories so their behaviors often lagged behind the feeling and desire towards the eco-environment. Consequently, the authors noted the importance of combining the tourism environmental teaching with the college education of discipline and moral thus in a better way to foster the students

  14. 高职院校图书馆阅读推广活动开展情况调查研究 ——以常州科教城5所高职院校图书馆为例%Survey Research on the Development Situation of Reading Promotion Activities in the Library of Higher Vocational College ——Taking the Libraries of Five Higher Vocational Colleges in Changzhou Science and Education Town as the Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔德桥

    2015-01-01

    通过对常州科教城5所高职院校图书馆阅读推广活动现状的调查,研究了作为阅读推广主体之一的高职院校图书馆在国家大力倡导全民阅读及现代职教加快发展的大环境下开展阅读推广工作的成效与存在问题,为高职院校图书馆阅读推广活动的持续发展提供了参考和借鉴.%Through the survey on the current situation of the reading promotion activities carried out by the libraries of five higher vocational colleges in Changzhou Science and Education Town, this paper studies the working effects and existing problems of the library of higher vocational college,being as one of the main bodies in reading promotion, under the macro-environment of that the country vigorously advocates the reading promotion and the modern vocational education rapidly develops, providing the reference to the sustainable development of the reading promotion activities conducted by the libraries of higher vocational colleges.

  15. 对文科高职新生职业生涯认同与教育需求的调查与研究——以北京青年政治学院为例%Survey and Study on Career Identity and the Demand for Education for Vocational College Students of Liberal Arts ——A Case Study of Beijing Youth Politics College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁晓鹃

    2012-01-01

    摘要:通过对北京青年政治学院2010级新生进行的职业意识问卷调查及部分学生的深度访谈,了解文科高职院校的学生职业生涯认同与教育需求的现状,探索在目前严峻的就业形势下,文科高职院校如何才能做好职业生涯规划教育,以提高学生的个人竞争力。%The questionnaire survey on the career awareness of the freshmen of Grade 2010 from Beijing Youth Polities College and the interview in depth with parts of students presents the current situation of the career identity and demand for education for vocational college students of liberal arts, and explores how vocational colleges of liberal arts improve their career planning education to improve students individual competitiveness in the severe employment situation.

  16. The Application of Data Mining in the Tracking Survey of Graduates of High Vocational College%数据挖掘技术在高职毕业生跟踪调查中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨克玉; 刘斌

    2014-01-01

    随着职业院校的不断发展以及技术的进步,数据挖掘分析已经在教育行业得到越来越多的应用。利用近几年的毕业生调查数据,经过数据清理及集成,运用EXCEL为数据挖掘分析的工具,采用了关联和聚类算法,找到了毕业生就业规律,相应地提出了提高人才培养质量和就业质量的对策和方法,最终让数据分析的成果为高职院校的改革发展提供了科学的依据。%With the advancement of technology and continuous development of vocational colleges, data mining has been adapt⁃ed more frequently in education. Based on the survey data in recent years, we clear and integrate the data. Applying EXcellto the analysis of data mining and adopting association and clustering algorithm, we find the employment law of graduates. Corre⁃spondingly, we put forward the strategy and method of improving the quality of personnel training and the quality of employ⁃ment so that the result of data analysis can provide scientific gauge for the reformation and development of high vocational colleg⁃es.

  17. Middle-distance race athletes damage survey in fujian province colleges and universities%福建省高校中长跑运动员损伤情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶汝芹; 吴燕丽

    2015-01-01

    采用文献资料法、访谈法、问卷调查、数理统计等研究方法,借助福建省第15届大学生田径运动会为研究平台,对中长跑运动员发生运动损伤的情况进行研究。结果表明:福建省高校不同组别中长跑运动员普遍存在运动损伤,且损伤程度不一;损伤部位主要集中于下肢(小腿、膝部、足趾);损伤类型中,发生骨膜炎、擦伤、关节损伤的人数所占比重较大;运动损伤的原因主要有身体疲劳、压力过大、运动负荷过大、自我保护意识不够、肌肉力量不足等。%Using the method , interview method , questionnaire survey , mathematical statistics and other research methods of literature , with the help of fifteenth university students in Fujian Province Track and field sports as the research platform , research on sports injury of athletes.The results show that the different groups in Colleges and universities of Fujian province middle and long distance runners are common sports injury , and the degree of dam-age is not a;injury mainly in the lower limbs ( legs and knees and toes ); damage types , occurrence periostitis , bruises, joint injury number accounted for a larger proportion;sports injury are the main reasons of physical fatigue and pressure excessive exercise load is too large , self -protection awareness is not enough , lack of muscle strength.

  18. University of Tibet Medical College Students Facial Demodex Infection and Prevention Awareness Survey%西藏大学医学院在校生面部蠕形螨感染情况及防治知识知晓率调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    格桑; 益西曲珍; 扎西措姆; 曲达; 白玛卓嘎

    2016-01-01

    Objective To understand the students of University of Tibet Medical College demodex infection status and prevention awareness, and make analysis, provide the basis for prevention and treatment of college students in Tibet Demodex infection. Methods A random sampling method was adopted to carry out laboratory examination and questionnaire survey to the students in Medical College of University of Tibet. Results The total infection of Demodex in students of University of Tibet Medical College (188/400) rate of 47%, higher than the national average. University of Tibet Medical College Students Demodex prevention knowledge awareness rate is lower than the national average level (131/400). Conclusion To strengthen the health education of college students, the popularization of health knowledge, students reduce the infection rate of demodex.%目的了解西藏大学医学院在校生面部蠕形螨感染状况及防治知晓率,并作出分析,为西藏地区大学生防治蠕形螨的感染提供依据。方法采取随机抽样的方法对西藏大学医学院在校生进行实验室检测和问卷调查。结果西藏大学医学院在校生面部蠕形螨总感染率47.00%(188/400),高于全国平均水平。西藏大学医学院在校生面部蠕形螨防治知识知晓率为32.75%(131/400)低于全国平均水平。结论加强对大学生的健康教育,普及相关卫生知识,降低大学生蠕形螨的感染率。

  19. Effects of various presale radiographic findings for yearling Thoroughbreds on 2-year-old racing performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Stephanie A; Brown, Murray P; Trumble, Troy N; Chmielewski, Terese L; Zimmel, Dana N; Hernandez, Jorge A

    2012-12-01

    To determine the effects of various presale radiographic findings for Thoroughbreds sold at a yearling sale on 2-year-old racing performance of those horses. 397 Thoroughbreds. Cohort study. Thoroughbreds offered for sale at a Thoroughbred sales facility in Kentucky were selected via a randomization procedure. Effects of various presale radiographic findings on the following measures of 2-year-old racing performance were determined: having started a race and having placed (ie, finished in first, second, or third place) in a race at least once, total amount of money earned, and amount of money earned per start. Of the 397 horses, 192 (48%) started in at least 1 race during the 2-year-old racing year. The odds of failure to start a race as a 2-year-old were 1.78 times as great for horses with forelimb proximal sesamoid bone osteophytes or enthesophytes as for horses without this finding (95% confidence interval, 1.01 to 3.16). The odds of failure to start a race as a 2-year-old were 2.02 times as great for horses with hind limb proximal phalanx osteochondral fragments as for horses without this finding (95% confidence interval, 0.95 to 4.31), although this result was not significant. Radiographic findings did not have an effect on total amount of money earned, amount of money earned per start, or whether horses placed in a race. Presale radiographic detection of forelimb proximal sesamoid bone osteophytes or enthesophytes or hind limb proximal phalanx osteochondral fragments in yearlings were associated with failure to start a race during the 2-year-old racing year in study horses.

  20. 高职民航专业学生英语学习现状调查与分析%A Survey and Analysis on the Present Situation of English Learning for the Students Majoring in Civil Aviation of Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃和莉

    2014-01-01

    高职民航专业学生的英语学习有着特殊性,既要以英语语言知识为基础,又要满足行业英语的特点。国内外针对民航专业学生英语学习现状研究的并不是很多。通过对正德职业技术学院民航专业学生学习动机、策略、对课堂和英语考级的评价四个方面调查,发现了存在的问题并给出了相关建议。%English learning is quite particular for the students majoring in Civil Aviation of higher vocational college, which should be based on the language points, and put emphasis on vo-cational English as well. Furthermore, there aren't many surveys on the present situation of English learning. Thus a thorough sur-vey on learning motivation, learning strategy, evaluations on Eng-lish class and Preto-3 and Cet-4 training was carried out among the students majoring in Civil Aviation in Zhengde Polytechnic College. The paper reveals the existing problems and gives in-sights on the English teaching for Civil Aviation students in high-er vocational college.

  1. Longitudinal influence of alcohol and marijuana use on academic performance in college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meda, Shashwath A; Gueorguieva, Ralitza V; Pittman, Brian; Rosen, Rivkah R; Aslanzadeh, Farah; Tennen, Howard; Leen, Samantha; Hawkins, Keith; Raskin, Sarah; Wood, Rebecca M; Austad, Carol S; Dager, Alecia; Fallahi, Carolyn; Pearlson, Godfrey D

    2017-01-01

    Alcohol and marijuana are the two most abused substances in US colleges. However, research on the combined influence (cross sectional or longitudinal) of these substances on academic performance is currently scant. Data were derived from the longitudinal 2-year Brain and Alcohol Research in College Students (BARCS) study including 1142 freshman students who completed monthly marijuana use and alcohol consumption surveys. Subjects were classified into data-driven groups based on their alcohol and marijuana consumption. A linear mixed-model (LMM) was employed using this grouping factor to predict grade point average (GPA), adjusted for a variety of socio-demographic and clinical factors. Three data-driven clusters emerged: 1) No/low users of both, 2) medium-high alcohol/no-low marijuana, and 3) medium-high users of both substances. Individual cluster derivations between consecutive semesters remained stable. No significant interaction between clusters and semester (time) was noted. Post-hoc analysis suggest that at the outset, compared to sober peers, students using moderate to high levels of alcohol and low marijuana demonstrate lower GPAs, but this difference becomes non-significant over time. In contrast, students consuming both substances at moderate-to-high levels score significantly lower at both the outset and across the 2-year investigation period. Our follow-up analysis also indicate that when students curtailed their substance use over time they had significantly higher academic GPA compared to those who remained stable in their substance use patterns over the two year period. Overall, our study validates and extends the current literature by providing important implications of concurrent alcohol and marijuana use on academic achievement in college.

  2. Longitudinal influence of alcohol and marijuana use on academic performance in college students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meda, Shashwath A.; Gueorguieva, Ralitza V.; Pittman, Brian; Rosen, Rivkah R.; Aslanzadeh, Farah; Tennen, Howard; Leen, Samantha; Hawkins, Keith; Raskin, Sarah; Wood, Rebecca M.; Austad, Carol S.; Dager, Alecia; Fallahi, Carolyn; Pearlson, Godfrey D.

    2017-01-01

    Background Alcohol and marijuana are the two most abused substances in US colleges. However, research on the combined influence (cross sectional or longitudinal) of these substances on academic performance is currently scant. Methods Data were derived from the longitudinal 2-year Brain and Alcohol Research in College Students (BARCS) study including 1142 freshman students who completed monthly marijuana use and alcohol consumption surveys. Subjects were classified into data-driven groups based on their alcohol and marijuana consumption. A linear mixed-model (LMM) was employed using this grouping factor to predict grade point average (GPA), adjusted for a variety of socio-demographic and clinical factors. Results Three data-driven clusters emerged: 1) No/low users of both, 2) medium-high alcohol/no-low marijuana, and 3) medium-high users of both substances. Individual cluster derivations between consecutive semesters remained stable. No significant interaction between clusters and semester (time) was noted. Post-hoc analysis suggest that at the outset, compared to sober peers, students using moderate to high levels of alcohol and low marijuana demonstrate lower GPAs, but this difference becomes non-significant over time. In contrast, students consuming both substances at moderate-to-high levels score significantly lower at both the outset and across the 2-year investigation period. Our follow-up analysis also indicate that when students curtailed their substance use over time they had significantly higher academic GPA compared to those who remained stable in their substance use patterns over the two year period. Conclusions Overall, our study validates and extends the current literature by providing important implications of concurrent alcohol and marijuana use on academic achievement in college. PMID:28273162

  3. Survey of college students'mental health and the relation to its coping styles%大学生心理健康现状调查及应对方式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Objective By investigating the status of the college students'mental health of Shangluo University, and studying the mental health status and characteristics,we aimed to explore the relationship between psychological health and its coping style,and further to reveal the mental health predictability.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted by easy coping style questionnaire and the symptom checklist to 300 college students in Shangluo U-niversity.Results 1)Overall level of psychological health of liberal arts students was better than students of sci-ence,and the scores of enforcing on,somatization,anxiety,hostility,fear factor score were less than science students'(P <0.05);2)The scores of female college students'depression,anxiety and phobic were higher than male students (P <0.05);3)Students from rural areas in the compulsion,depression,psychosis factor scored higher than students from the citys(P <0.05);4)The only child scored less in the sensitivity and depression than non-only child(P <0. 05);5)Positive coping and symptom rating scale scores and factor scores were significantly negatively correlated, while negative coping and symptom rating scale total score and factor scores showed a significant positive correlation (P <0.01);6)Coping styles showed some predictive power with mental health.Conclusion There existed signifi-cant differences on mental health in subject characteristics,gender,origin of students,the only child or not and other demographic variables.Coping style was an important factor affecting the mental health of college students.%目的:对商洛学院大学生心理健康的现状进行调查,研究大学生心理健康的现状及特点,探讨大学生心理健康与应对方式的相关关系,进一步揭示应对方式对心理健康的预测性。方法采用症状自评量表和简易应对方式问卷对商洛学院300名在校大学生进行问卷调查。结果1)文科生的心理健康总体水平高于理科生,并且

  4. Health Outcomes Survey - Limited Data Set

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS) limited data sets (LDS) are comprised of the entire national sample for a given 2-year cohort (including both respondents...

  5. Identifiable Data Files - Health Outcomes Survey (HOS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS) identifiable data files are comprised of the entire national sample for a given 2-year cohort (including both respondents...

  6. Accounting for Impact at Imperial College London

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perkmann, Markus; Fini, Riccardo; Ross, Jan-Michael

    We report findings of a study of academic engagement and commercialisation at Imperial College London. We detail the extent of collaboration with industry, consulting, patenting and entrepreneurship by Imperial academics, as well as individuals’ motivations and perceived barriers to engagement. T....... The data stems from archival records held by the College, complemented by external databases, and a survey conducted among all academic staff in 2013....

  7. Students in higher vocational colleges of the sense of social responsibility:investigation report----Based on the survey of 650 undergraduates in 6 Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校学生社会责任感现状调查报告--基于在杭六所高职院校650名学生的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晓峰

    2014-01-01

    The sense of social responsibility of undergraduates can become a main force of socialism construction personnel, conducive to social development is of great significance. Evaluation of the current situation of the social responsibility of higher vocational students is not a sense of. Taking personal responsibility, sense of responsibility, others the sense of social responsibility and ways of training content, based on the Zhejiang 6 in Hangzhou occupation colleges 650 students in 2013, a preliminary analysis of the survey results, from the self responsibility, responsibility to others, the sense ofsocial responsibility and social responsibility of Higher Vocational Students’ overall evaluation of four aspects of the preliminary statistics and analysis.%高职学生社会责任感的培养对能否成为有利于社会发展的人才、社会主义事业建设的主力军有重大意义。目前对高职学生社会责任感的现状评价不一。以个人责任感、他人责任感、全社会责任感和培养途径为内容,在2013年对浙江6所在杭职业院校650名学生进行调查,对调查结果进行初步分析,从自我责任感方面、他人责任感方面、全社会责任感方面和对高职学生社会责任感总体评价四个方面进行初步统计和分析。

  8. 高校学生篮球运动损伤情况调查与分析——以闽南地区五所高校为例%Basketball Injuries of College and University Students: an Analysis Based on a Survey in Five Southern Fujian Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡卫清

    2012-01-01

    运用问卷调查法、数理统计法,对闽南地区高校部分学生在篮球活动中的损伤情况进行分析,并结合相关的文献资料,分析了损伤的种类、部位,讨论了与损伤有关的季节、场地、器材、预防与保护等要素。结果表明:学生在篮球运动中的损伤情况较为普遍,在自我保护、损伤恢复和预防等方面也存在相当大的差异。本研究能为提高学生对运动损伤概念的理解,掌握相关的理论知识,加强损伤的预防,增强自我保护意识等方面提供可借鉴的参考。%Questionnaire survey as well as mathematical statistics method was employed to analyze basketball athletic injuries of students in several southern Fujian colleges and universities,related literature was also looked into.Types and locations of injuries as well as factors such as venues,season,equipment,prevention and protection measures were discussed.The result showed that basketball injuries were fairly common among students.Differences can be found in the aspects of self-protection,recovery,and prevention.This research aims to promote students' understanding of the concept of Athletic Injuries so as to encourage them to master related theory and enhance their prevention and self-protection awareness.

  9. Clustering of Dietary Intake and Sedentary Behavior in 2-Year-Old Children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gubbels, J.S.; Kremers, S.P.J.; Stafleu, A.; Dagnelie, P.C.; Vries, S.I.de; Vries, N.K.de; Thijs, C.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To examine clustering of energy balance-related behaviors (EBRBs) in young children. This is crucial because lifestyle habits are formed at an early age and track in later life. This study is the first to examine EBRB clustering in children as young as 2 years. Study design: Cross-section

  10. Effects of Vocabulary and Phonotactic Probability on 2-Year-Olds' Nonword Repetition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verhagen, Josje; de Bree, Elise; Mulder, Hanna; Leseman, Paul

    2017-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between nonword repetition (NWR) and vocabulary in 2-year-olds. Questions addressed are whether (1) NWR and vocabulary are associated, (2) phonotactic probability affects NWR, and (3) there is an interaction effect between phonotactic probability and vocabulary on NWR performance. The general aim of the…

  11. Correlates of physical activity in 2-year-old toddlers: The generation R study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijtzes, A.I.; Kooijman, M.N.; Kiefte-de Jong, J.C.; Vries, S.I. de; Henrichs, J.; Jansen, W.; Jaddoe, V.W.V.; Hofman, A.; Moll, H.A.; Raat, H.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To describe and identify correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior in 2-year-old toddlers. Study design: A total of 347 children participating in a birth cohort study wore a unaxial ActiGraph accelerometer during 1 weekday and 1 weekend day. Information o

  12. Myopia Control with a Novel Peripheral Gradient Soft Lens and Orthokeratology: A 2-Year Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Pauné

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the degree of axial elongation with soft radial refractive gradient (SRRG contact lenses, orthokeratology (OK, and single vision (SV spectacle lenses (control during a period of 1 year before treatment and 2 years after treatment. Methods. This was a prospective, longitudinal, nonrandomized study. The study groups consisted of 30, 29, and 41 children, respectively. The axial length (AL was measured during 2 years after recruitment and lens fitting. Results. The baseline refractive sphere was correlated significantly (Spearman’s Rho (ρ correlation = 0.542; P < 0.0001 with the amount of myopia progression before baseline. After 2 years, the mean myopia progression values for the SRRG, OK, and SV groups were −0.56 ± 0.51, −0.32 ± 0.53, and −0.98 ± 0.58 diopter, respectively. The results represent reductions in myopic progression of 43% and 67% for the SRRG and OK groups, respectively, compared to the SV group. The AL increased 27% and 38% less in the SRRG and OK groups, respectively compared with the SV group at the 2-year visit (P < 0.05. Axial elongation was not significantly different between SRRG and OK (P = 0.430. Conclusion. The SRRG lens significantly decreased AL elongation compared to the SV control group. The SRRG lens was similarly effective to OK in preventing myopia progression in myopic children and adolescent.

  13. Increased time to pregnancy is associated with suboptimal neurological condition of 2-year-olds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Seggers, Jorien; Schendelaar, Pamela; Bos, Arend F.; Heineman, Maas Jan; Middelburg, Karin J.; Haadsma, Maaike L.; Hadders-Algra, Mijna

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate whether time to pregnancy (TTP) is associated with neurological condition of 2-year-old children born to subfertile parents. Design Data collected in a prospective, assessor-blinded follow-up study were used for cross-sectional analyses. Patients Participants were the singleton

  14. The Rotterdam AMblyopia Screening Effectiveness Study (RAMSES): compliance and predictive value in the first 2 years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.E. Juttmann (Rikard)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: RAMSES is a 7 year follow up study, aiming at the evaluation of the effectiveness and the efficiency of screening for amblyopia. In this first report, concerning the first 2 years of life, the compliance with the prevention programme and the positive

  15. Predictors of the 2-year recurrence and persistence of alcohol dependence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boschloo, Lynn; Vogelzangs, Nicole; van den Brink, Wim; Smit, Johannes H.; Beekman, Aartjan T. F.; Penninx, Brenda

    2012-01-01

    Aims To identify independent risk factors of the recurrence of alcohol dependence (AD) in people with a remitted disorder at baseline and persistence of AD in people with a current disorder at baseline. Design Prospective cohort study with assessments at baseline and 2-year follow-up. Setting Recrui

  16. Correlates of Physical Activity in 2-Year-Old Toddlers : The Generation R Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijtzes, Anne I.; Kooijman, Marjolein N.; Kiefte-de Jong, Jessica C.; de Vries, Sanne I.; Henrichs, Jens; Jansen, Wilma; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.; Hofman, Albert; Moll, Henriette A.; Raat, Hein

    2013-01-01

    Objective To describe and identify correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior in 2-year-old toddlers. Study design A total of 347 children participating in a birth cohort study wore a unaxial ActiGraph accelerometer during 1 weekday and 1 weekend day. Information on

  17. Sexual Identity, Attractions, and Behavior among Young Sexual-Minority Women over a 2-Year Period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamond, Lisa M.

    2000-01-01

    Examined sexual identities, attractions, and behaviors of sexual-minority women in 2-year follow-up of women first interviewed at 16-23 years. Found half the participants had changed sexual-minority orientations more than once; one- third changed identities since the first interview. Found changes in sexual attractions were larger among bisexuals…

  18. Course of neuropsychiatric symptoms in residents with dementia in nursing homes over 2-year period

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wetzels, Roland B; Zuidema, Sytse U; de Jonghe, Jos F M; Verhey, Frans R J; Koopmans, Raymond T C M

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the course of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) in nursing home residents with dementia and to determine their variability across diagnosis. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study over 2 years. SETTING: Fourteen dementia special care units in nine nursing homes in The Netherlands. P

  19. Single-tooth replacement by osseointegrated Astra Tech dental implants: a 2-year report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, U; Gotfredsen, K; Olsson, C

    1998-01-01

    This study presents the outcome of single-tooth restorations supported by Astra Tech single-tooth implants followed for 2 years. Forty-seven implants were placed in the same number of patients. Forty-three patients attended the second recall visit, and none of the evaluated implants have been...

  20. Improving Social Competence through Emotion Knowledge in 2-Year-Old Children: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Dasí, Marta; Fernández-Sánchez, Marta; Quintanilla, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: The goal of this study was to determine the efficacy of an educational intervention program to improve emotion knowledge, emotion regulation, and social competence in 2-year-old Spanish children. This study makes two original contributions because there are no validated education programs for such young children and because it…

  1. Sublingual grass allergen tablet immunotherapy provides sustained clinical benefit with progressive immunologic changes over 2 years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dahl, Ronald; Kapp, Alexander; Colombo, Giselda; De Monchy, Jan G. R.; Rak, Sabina; Emminger, Waltraud; Riis, Bente; Gronager, Pernille M.; Durham, Stephen R.

    2008-01-01

    Background: This is an interim analysis of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trial with 3 years of daily treatment with grass tablet immunotherapy (GRAZAX; ALK-Abello A/S, Horsholm, Denmark) or placebo, followed by 2 years of follow-up to assess the persistent efficacy. Object

  2. Obstetric intensive care unit admission: a 2-year nationwide population-based cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwart, J.J.; Dupuis, J.R.O.; Richters, A.; Öry, F.; Roosmalen, J. van

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: As part of a larger nationwide enquiry into severe maternal morbidity, our aim was to assess the incidence and possible risk factors of obstetric intensive care unit (ICU) admission in the Netherlands. Methods: In a 2-year nationwide prospective population-based cohort study, all ICU admiss

  3. Gender differences in outcome at 2-year follow-up of treated bipolar and depressed alcoholics.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Farren, Conor K

    2011-09-01

    Alcohol dependence and affective disorders are significant health problems, and their co-occurrence is mutually detrimental. There are few long-term studies on the impact of treatment on the prognosis of these comorbid disorders. We wished to study if the impact of effective inpatient integrated treatment for these co-occurring disorders was maintained 2 years after discharge from the hospital.

  4. PSYCHOSOCIAL EFFECTS OF 2 YEARS OF HUMAN GROWTH-HORMONE TREATMENT IN TURNER SYNDROME

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    SLIJPER, FME; SINNEMA, G; AKKERHUIS, GW; BRUGMANBOEZEMAN, A; FEENSTRA, J; DENHARTOG, L; HEUVEL, F

    1993-01-01

    Thirty-eight girls with Turner syndrome were treated for 2 years with human growth hormone. Both parents and patients carried out assessments of the effects of treatment on various aspects of psychosocial functioning. The children used the Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale and the Social Anxiety Scale

  5. Induced Bone by Calcium Ohosphate(Ca-P) Ceramics after 2-years Implantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhiyong; KURITA Hiroshi; KOBAYASHI Hiroichi; KURASHINA Kenji

    2009-01-01

    The changes of induced bone with four kinds of Ca-P ceramics after 2 years im-plantation in the dorsal muscles of rabbits were investigated.After 2 years implantation,mature bone (with a lamellar structure after the remodeling process)with bone marrow was observed in HA1100 (HA,micro+macro porous),HA900(HA,micro+macro porous)and BCP(HA/TCP=7:3,mi-cro+macro porous),and no bone formation was observed in HA1200(HA,macro porous)ceramics. The induced bone neither disappeared nor grew uncontrollably,and was seen inside the pores of the implants or on the outer surface under the fibrous layer after 2 years.No bone formation was ob-served in the soft tissues distant from the implants.These results indicate that heterotopic bone for-mation induced by Ca-P materials did not give rise to uncontrolled growth over time,and the induced bone is limited to the inside or around the implants.Moreover,ectopic bone formation on the outer surface of the implants was detected in rabbits after 2 years.

  6. Phonetic Modification of Vowel Space in Storybook Speech to Infants up to 2 Years of Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnham, Evamarie B.; Wieland, Elizabeth A.; Kondaurova, Maria V.; McAuley, J. Devin; Bergeson, Tonya R.; Dilley, Laura C.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: A large body of literature has indicated vowel space area expansion in infant-directed (ID) speech compared with adult-directed (AD) speech, which may promote language acquisition. The current study tested whether this expansion occurs in storybook speech read to infants at various points during their first 2 years of life. Method: In 2…

  7. Predictors of outcome at 2 years of age after early intrauterine growth restriction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrance, H L; Bloemen, M C T; Mulder, E J H; Nikkels, P G J; Derks, J B; de Vries, L S; Visser, G H A

    2010-08-01

    To examine the relative importance of antenatal and perinatal variables on short- and long-term outcome of preterm growth restricted fetuses with umbilical artery (UA) Doppler abnormalities. This was a cohort study of 180 neonates with birth weight neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years was predicted by low birth weight (malnutrition and fetal acidosis affect long-term outcome.

  8. Correlates of physical activity in 2-year-old toddlers: The generation R study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijtzes, A.I.; Kooijman, M.N.; Kiefte-de Jong, J.C.; Vries, S.I. de; Henrichs, J.; Jansen, W.; Jaddoe, V.W.V.; Hofman, A.; Moll, H.A.; Raat, H.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To describe and identify correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior in 2-year-old toddlers. Study design: A total of 347 children participating in a birth cohort study wore a unaxial ActiGraph accelerometer during 1 weekday and 1 weekend day. Information

  9. PSYCHOSOCIAL EFFECTS OF 2 YEARS OF HUMAN GROWTH-HORMONE TREATMENT IN TURNER SYNDROME

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    SLIJPER, FME; SINNEMA, G; AKKERHUIS, GW; BRUGMANBOEZEMAN, A; FEENSTRA, J; DENHARTOG, L; HEUVEL, F

    1993-01-01

    Thirty-eight girls with Turner syndrome were treated for 2 years with human growth hormone. Both parents and patients carried out assessments of the effects of treatment on various aspects of psychosocial functioning. The children used the Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale and the Social Anxiety Scale

  10. Slowly but Surely: Adverbs Support Verb Learning in 2-Year-Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syrett, Kristen; Arunachalam, Sudha; Waxman, Sandra R.

    2014-01-01

    To acquire the meanings of verbs, toddlers make use of the surrounding linguistic information. For example, 2-year-olds successfully acquire novel transitive verbs that appear in semantically rich frames containing content nouns ("The boy is gonna pilk a balloon"), but they have difficulty with pronominal frames ("He is gonna pilk…

  11. Improving Social Competence through Emotion Knowledge in 2-Year-Old Children: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Dasí, Marta; Fernández-Sánchez, Marta; Quintanilla, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: The goal of this study was to determine the efficacy of an educational intervention program to improve emotion knowledge, emotion regulation, and social competence in 2-year-old Spanish children. This study makes two original contributions because there are no validated education programs for such young children and because it…

  12. Bioaccumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in sediment aged for 2 years to carps (Cyprinus carpio)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, S. Y.; Li, J. Y.; Jia, X. M.

    2017-08-01

    In order to understand the risk of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) existing in sediment for years, the accumulation of PBDEs in sediment aged for 2 years to fish was investigated. Simulated aquatic system microcosms were conducted with PBDE contaminated sediment aged for 2 years and carps were cultured in the microcosms for 20 days. PBDE concentrations in carp tissues were analyzed to estimate the bioavailability of aged PBDEs in carps. The main spiked PBDE congeners were detected in sediment even though the contaminated sediment was aged for 2 years. Similarly, the five PBDE (BDE-28, 47, 100, 153 and 154) congeners which probably were bioaccumulated by carp were detected in fish tissues, indicating that PBDEs could be bioaccumulated after aging for 2 years. The PBDEs distribution revealed that the concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in tissues of Cyprinus carpio is in this order of magnitude: gut > liver > gill > fillet. The PBDEs concentrations in fillet were as high as 67.9 ng/g dry wt, in which BDE-47 contributed almost 50% in profile.

  13. Effects of maternal micronutrient supplementation on fetal loss and under-2-years child mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Gregers Stig; Friis, Henrik; Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer

    2010-01-01

    A number of trials on maternal multi-micronutrient supplementation (MMS) have found a benefical effect on birth weight, but few have demonstrated a beneficial effect on infant survival. We examined the effect of two different preparations of antenatal MMS on fetal loss and under-2-years child...

  14. Antecedents of Compliance in 2-Year-Olds From a High-Risk Sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Martha Farrell; Crichton, Leslie

    In order to identify antecedents of infant's compliance with mothers' directions on how to solve four tasks (graded in terms of stressfulness to the infant), 194 high-risk mothers and their 2-year-old children were observed on videotape and assessed with a six-point rating scale. Data collected prenatally and postnatally at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months…

  15. Intermittent pancreatitis in a 2-year-old chihuahua mixed breed dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Alice K Y

    2006-05-01

    A 2-year-old, female, Chihuahua mixed breed was presented on multiple occasions with vomiting and diarrhea. Diagnostic tests, including blood analyses and ultrasonography, established pancreatitis as the cause of gastrointestinal irritation. Hospitalization and supportive care, followed by maintenance of a prescription gastrointestinal diet, allowed management of the disease.

  16. Survey on the Current Status of Socialist Core Values and the Cultivation Approaches for Higher College Students in Zhejiang%浙江高校学生社会主义核心价值观现状调查及培养途径探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐敏

    2016-01-01

    To guide college students to correctly understand and establish the socialist core values is the focus point of our coun-try's higher education.Based on questionnaire survey,in this paper,we analyze the cause of the status of socialist core values of Zhejiang college students and explore the cultivation approaches of socialist core values.%引导高校学生正确认识并树立社会主义核心价值观是目前我国高校教育的重点关注点。本文在问卷调查的基础上,对浙江高校学生的社会主义核心价值观现状进行了成因分析,探讨了社会主义核心价值观培养途径。

  17. Survey on psychosomatic symptoms and analysis of relevant factors among nursing students from a vocational college%高职护理学生心理健康现状调查及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连燕舒; 汪平

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解高职护理学生心理健康状况及其影响因素,为高职院校开展学生心理干预工作提供科学依据.方法 采用整群抽样的方法对1 087名高职护理学生进行症状自评量表(symptom checklist 90,SCL-90)和自编问卷调查.结果 高职护理学生各因子得分与全国常模的差异均有统计学意义,躯体化、强迫、精神病性因子得分低于江苏省大学生常模,而恐怖因子得分高于江苏省大学生常模.五年制高职护理学生的躯体化、敌对、妄想因子得分高于三年制护理高职生,差异有统计学意义.调查共发现高职护理学生任一因子得分≥3分的心理异常者111人,检出率为10.21%.多因素非条件Logistic回归分析显示,心理异常与年级和专业满意度有关.结论 在高职院校学生管理中应加强心理健康教育,尤其是针对专业课程较重的二年级学生和专业思想不稳定的学生进行重点教育.%Objective To analyze the psychosomatic symptoms and related factors in nursing students from a voca-tional college. Methods Cluster random sampling method was taken in selecting 1 087 nursing students, they were asked to compelete Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and related factors survey. Results The SCL-90 factor scores of nursing students were significantly higher than Chinese norms (P<0.05). Their scores of sompulsive, hostility, delusion were significantly higher than Jiangsu norm. Their phobic anxiety was lower than Jiangsu norm, three factor scores of five-year students were significantly higher than three-year students (P<0. 05). The detection rate of positive factor in SCL-90 was 10.21 %. Logistic regression analysis showed that psychosomatic of nursing students was influenced by grade and ma-jor satisfaction. Conclusions The vocational college should implement mental health education of nursing students and the targeted preventive interventions should be taken based on the influencing factors.

  18. FOOD PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, A SUGGESTED 2-YEAR POST HIGH SCHOOL CURRICULUM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    KNOEBEL, ROBERT M.; AND OTHERS

    ADMINISTRATORS, ADVISORY COMMITTEES, SUPERVISORS, AND TEACHERS MAY USE THIS GUIDE IN PLANNING AND DEVELOPING NEW PROGRAMS OR EVALUATING EXISTING PROGRAMS IN POST-HIGH SCHOOL FOOD PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY. BASIC MATERIALS WERE PREPARED BY THE STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE AT MORRISVILLE AND FINAL PREPARATION WAS…

  19. Understanding sustained domestic violence identification in maternal and child health nurse care: process evaluation from a 2-year follow-up of the MOVE trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooker, Leesa; Small, Rhonda; Taft, Angela

    2016-03-01

    To investigate factors contributing to the sustained domestic violence screening and support practices of Maternal and Child Health nurses 2 years after a randomized controlled trial. Domestic violence screening by healthcare professionals has been implemented in many primary care settings. Barriers to screening exist and screening rates remain low. Evidence for longer term integration of nurse screening is minimal. Trial outcomes showed sustained safety planning behaviours by intervention group nurses. Process evaluation in 2-year follow-up of a cluster randomized controlled trial. Evaluation included a repeat online nurse survey and 14 interviews (July-September 2013). Survey analysis included comparison of proportionate group difference between arms and between trial baseline and 2 year follow-up surveys. Framework analysis was used to assess qualitative data. Normalization Process Theory informed evaluation design and interpretation of results. Survey response was 77% (n = 123/160). Sustainability of nurse identification of domestic violence appeared to be due to greater nurse discussion and domestic violence disclosure by women, facilitated by use of a maternal health and well-being checklist. Over time, intervention group nurses used the maternal checklist more at specific maternal health visits and found the checklist the most helpful resource assisting their domestic violence work. Nurses' spoke of a degree of 'normalization' to domestic violence screening that will need constant investment to maintain. Sustainable domestic violence screening and support outcomes can be achieved in an environment of comprehensive, nurse designed and theory driven implementation. Continuing training, discussion and monitoring of domestic violence work is needed to retain sustainable practices. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Cytokines as a predictor of clinical response following hip arthroscopy: minimum 2-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Lauren M; Safran, Marc R; Maloney, William J; Goodman, Stuart B; Huddleston, James I; Bellino, Michael J; Scuderi, Gaetano J; Abrams, Geoffrey D

    2016-08-01

    Hip arthroscopy in patients with osteoarthritis has been shown to have suboptimal outcomes. Elevated cytokine concentrations in hip synovial fluid have previously been shown to be associated with cartilage pathology. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between hip synovial fluid cytokine concentration and clinical outcomes at a minimum of 2 years following hip arthroscopy. Seventeen patients without radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis had synovial fluid aspirated at time of portal establishment during hip arthroscopy. Analytes included fibronectin-aggrecan complex as well as a multiplex cytokine array. Patients completed the modified Harris Hip Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index and the International Hip Outcomes Tool pre-operatively and at a minimum of 2 years following surgery. Pre and post-operative scores were compared with a paired t-test, and the association between cytokine values and clinical outcome scores was performed with Pearson's correlation coefficient with an alpha value of 0.05 set as significant. Sixteen of seventeen patients completed 2-year follow-up questionnaires (94%). There was a significant increase in pre-operative to post-operative score for each clinical outcome measure. No statistically significant correlation was seen between any of the intra-operative cytokine values and either the 2-year follow-up scores or the change from pre-operative to final follow-up outcome values. No statistically significant associations were seen between hip synovial fluid cytokine concentrations and 2-year follow-up clinical outcome assessment scores for those undergoing hip arthroscopy.

  1. SERI Surgical Scaffold in 2-Stage Breast Reconstruction: 2-Year Data from a Prospective, Multicenter Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Nolan; Choi, Mihye; Kulber, David A; Downey, Susan; Duda, Gloria; Kind, Gabriel M; Jewell, Mark L; Murphy, Diane K; Lehfeldt, Max R; Fine, Neil

    2017-05-01

    Soft-tissue support devices are used during breast reconstruction. This study investigated long-term clinical data following SERI Surgical Scaffold (SERI) implantation, a bioresorbable, silk-derived scaffold for soft-tissue support. This was a prospective, multicenter study in 103 subjects who received SERI during stage 1 of 2-stage breast reconstruction with subpectoral tissue expander placement (Natrelle Style 133V; Allergan plc, Dublin, Ireland) followed by subpectoral breast implant placement. Investigator satisfaction (11-point scale: 0, very dissatisfied and 10, very satisfied) at 6 months was the primary endpoint. Ease of use, satisfaction, scaffold palpability/visibility, breast anatomy measurements via 3D images, SERI integration, histology, and safety were also assessed through 2 years after stage 1 surgery. Analyses were performed on the per-protocol population (103 subjects; 161 breasts) with no protocol deviations that could affect outcomes. Ease of use and subject and investigator satisfaction with SERI were high throughout 2 years. Breast anatomy measurements with 3D images demonstrated long-term soft-tissue stability of the lower breast mound. Key complication rates per breast were tissue/skin necrosis and wrinkling/rippling (8.1% each) and seroma, wound dehiscence, and breast redness (5.0% each). Over 2 years, 4 breasts in 4 subjects underwent reoperation with explantation of any device; 2 breasts required SERI explantation. SERI was retained in 98.8% of breasts (159/161) at 2 years. SERI was associated with high and consistent levels of investigator and subject satisfaction and demonstrated soft-tissue stability in the lower breast through 2 years. SERI provides a safe, long-term benefit for soft-tissue support in 2-stage breast reconstruction.

  2. Family and College Environmental Exposures Mediate the Relationship between Parental Education and Depression among College Students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Zhai

    Full Text Available Depression is a major health concern for college students due to its substantial morbidity and mortality. Although low parental education has been identified as a factor in depression in college students, the mechanisms through which parental educational achievement affects students' depression are not well understood. We tested whether adverse family and college environments mediate the relationship between parental educational level and depression among Chinese college students.A total of 5180 respondents were selected using a cross-sectional survey. We examined the association of parental education, adverse family and college environments with depression in college students using the Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Checklist, Beck Depression Inventory and socio-demographic questionnaires.Lower parental educational level is significantly correlated with depression in college students in our sample. Additionally, low family economic status, paternal or maternal unemployment, long periods spent apart from family, family conflicts, having been scolded and beaten by parents, poor or dissatisfying test performance, conflict with friends, heavy course load and failure in selection processes are also associated with parental education. Low family economic status, paternal or maternal unemployment, long periods spent apart from family, family conflicts, poor or dissatisfying test performance, conflict with friends and heavy course load mediated the relationship between parental education and depression in college students.Adverse family and college environments could explain the influence of parental educational level on depression in college students.

  3. An Examination of Early Retirement Plans for Faculty at Four-Year Private Colleges in New England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, M. Patricia

    College faculty early retirement plans at four-year private colleges in New England are compared to determine requirements for an early retirement policy. Findings from survey responses from 82 colleges included: 20 of the colleges had an early retirement plan; 90% of schools with an early retirement plan had a tenure policy; 25% of the schools…

  4. Cardiology Still a Man's Field, Survey Finds

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_162700.html Cardiology Still a Man's Field, Survey Finds Women less ... Dr. Claire Duvernoy, chair of the Women in Cardiology Council at the American College of Cardiology (ACC). ...

  5. 1980-81 Literature Electives Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Art

    1981-01-01

    A group of 97 college English departments was surveyed regarding the most popular elective literature courses. Most popular were courses in Shakespeare, fiction, American literature, genre literature, modern and contemporary literature, and the novel. (AEA)

  6. Evaluation of Skills Needed in College Education by Colleges of Agriculture Alumni from 1862 and 1890 Land Grant Universities in Alabama and Tennessee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zekeri, Andrew A.; Baba, Pauline A.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine college skills Alumni from 1862 and 1890 Land-Grant universities in Alabama and Tennessee rated as essential to acquire in their college education. The data are from a survey of colleges of agriculture alumni who graduated from six land-grant universities in Alabama and Tennessee. IBM SPSS Statistical…

  7. Evaluation of Skills Needed in College Education by Colleges of Agriculture Alumni from 1862 and 1890 Land Grant Universities in Alabama and Tennessee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zekeri, Andrew A.; Baba, Pauline A.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine college skills Alumni from 1862 and 1890 Land-Grant universities in Alabama and Tennessee rated as essential to acquire in their college education. The data are from a survey of colleges of agriculture alumni who graduated from six land-grant universities in Alabama and Tennessee. IBM SPSS Statistical…

  8. College Students with ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Spanish Facts for Families Guide College Students with ADHD No. 111; Updated December 2013 Many students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) attend college. College students with ADHD face ...

  9. 新疆维吾尔族大学生语言使用状况调查分析∗%A Survey and Analysis of the Language Options of Xinjiang Uygur College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵平; 廖冬梅

    2015-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the survey and analysis of the data collected from the options of languages made by the Uyghur college students from Xinjiang University,with the conclusion that the native Uyghur language is more often used in private settings such as home and dormitory, whilst Chinese language (referred as Han people’s language in this regional concept) is more often used in public settings such as classroom and workplace,and a mixture of both languages used more frequently when hanging out with friends. Public settings see different languages being switched depending on different situations.During the study, the author discovers several factors that affect the options of languages by Uyghur students.They are politics, educa-tion,social environment, shift of traditional lifestyle, family, urbanization,and inter-relationships with other nationalities and etc. Overall, Uyghur students have a relatively good command of their own mother tongue, and as their second and inter-nationality communication tool, Chinese has gained widespread popularity and acceptance.Internet media, among all the factors, has an increasing impact on their language options.%文章以新疆大学维吾尔族大学生为研究对象,对其语言使用状况进行了调查,认为在家庭、宿舍场合中使用维吾尔语较多,在课堂及工作中使用汉语较多,在与朋友交往的过程中及在社会公共场合则维吾尔语和汉语混合使用,视不同场景而使用维吾尔语或汉语。影响维吾尔族大学生语言使用的因素主要有教育、家庭、社会语言环境、传统生活方式改变、城市化和市场经济发展、民族关系等。就总体情况而言,维吾尔族大学生的母语水平较好,汉语作为国家通用语得到了维吾尔族大学生的普遍认同,网络媒体对维吾尔族大学生语言选择的影响越来越大。

  10. Analytical Survey of College Students' Participation in Sports in the Context of Sunshine Sports Campaign%阳光体育背景下大学生参与体育运动调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏勇

    2012-01-01

    By use of questionnaires, literature review, a survey and analysis is made of the status quo of college students participation in sports, the findings of which show that: students have inadequate knowledge of the sunshine sports campaign; students' motive of sports goes adrift with their sports acts with a far from satisfactory rate of participation; the lack of suffi- cient sports grounds and facilities, all of which have negative effects upon the smooth implementation of the campaign. Sugges- tions : to step up the publicity campaign of the sunshine sports ; to raise students' awareness of keeping fit ; to integrate the sun- shine sports ideology with the sports courses; to introduce the inner and outer class all-in-one club model; to invest more on sports so as to satisfy the needs of the out-of-class sports communities and clubs.%运用问卷调查、文献资料等方法,对四川省高校大学生参与体育运动的现状进行调查分析,结果表明:大学生对阳光体育运动认识不深,体育动机与行为脱节和参与频率较低,学校缺乏足够的运动场地和器材,这些严重影响了阳光体育运动的开展.建议:增强阳光体育宣传力度,提高大学生健身意识;将阳光体育的健身理念融人体育课程,实施课内外一体化俱乐部制模式;加大体育经费投入,以满足课外体育社团、体育俱乐部的需要.

  11. 广州高校清真饮食现状调查与发展对策研究%A Survey Study on Muslim Diet in the College and University in Guangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈曼瑜; 李晓曼; 蔡佳岸

    2016-01-01

    清真饮食已成为民族团结与多元文化融合的结晶之一。随着在广州高校求学的少数民族学生人数逐年上升以及清真饮食文化受到越来越多高校师生的认同,广州高校清真饮食的需求量在不断增加。运用问卷调查法和专家访谈法等方法,对广州高校开展清真饮食现状调研,分析当前广州高校在清真饮食方面存在的问题与挑战,提出通过“政府导、协会推、高校促、企业创”,把广州高校清真饮食的服务工作打造成民族宗教工作的一大亮点,为广州高校在清真饮食领域增强民族团结,交流民族文化,维护校园稳定提供智力支持。%Muslim diet has emerged as one result of national unity and multicultural integration. As the increasing number of university students of ethnic minorities in Guangzhou with each passing year, along with the growing popularity from university students and teachers of Muslim diet, the demand for Muslim food is growing in the college and universitie of Guangzhou. The present study investigates the status quo of this area and respect in universities in Guangzhou, using the methods including questionnaire surveys, expert interviews and so forth, which creates a new highlight for ethnic and religion affairs via the combined efforts and functions of governments, associations, universities and corporations, thus enhancing ethnic unity, interacting ethnic cultures, and procuring intellectual support for school security and stability.

  12. 2011 Internship & Co-Op Survey. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    The National Association of Colleges and Employers' (NACE's) "2011 Internship & Co-op Survey" indicates that internships are an integral and ever-important part of the college recruiting scene. The survey finds that employers expect to increase internship hiring by about 7 percent this year and co-op positions by nearly 9 percent. Furthermore,…

  13. Crisis-Management Plans Are Untested, Survey Says

    Science.gov (United States)

    June, Audrey Williams

    2007-01-01

    Newly released survey results reveal that many colleges are focusing more than ever on preparing for a crisis since the massacre at Virginia Tech, but that they may not be well equipped to handle one. The online survey was conducted by SimpsonScarborough, a consulting firm that focuses on colleges and universities. It invited 546 people who are…

  14. 北京市大学生计划生育、生殖健康知识及服务需求调查%THE SURVEY OF KNOWLEDGE LEVEL OF FAMILY PLANNING AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH OF COLLEGE STUDENTS IN BEIJING AND THEIR ATTITUDE TO AND DEMAND OF SUCH SERVICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭静; 张爽

    2011-01-01

    特点有针对性的开展系统全面的计划生育、生殖健康教育和咨询服务.%[ Objective ] Through investigating the knowledge level of family planning and reproductive health of college students in Beijing and their attitude to and demand of such services, the purpose of this study is to provide evidences for the supply of family planning services and reproductive health education in colleges. [Methods] Both quantitative and qualitative analysis methods were used. One questionnaire was used to survey the college students' knowledge level of sex hygiene and sexually transmitted diseases (STD), attitudes to sex, sexual behaviors and demand of knowledge about family planning services and reproductive health. The sample of this survey was selected by using cluster sampling method and the students' private information was omitted. Structured interviews were used when interviewed some students and family planning managers. [ Re-Sults] 1 195 college students were surveyed, during which 590 were male and 605 were female. (1) College students had some knowledge about sex hygiene and STD but had little knowledge about contraception. Only 23.18% students could figure out the safe period exactly; during those students who have ever had sex 10.24% male students had ever made their sex partners pregnant and 5.88% female students had ever been pregnant. (2) College students were tolerant of premarital sex. 14.21% college students had premarital sex; 79.7% college students indicated that non-marital sex was acceptable; 60.05% college students indicated that non-marital cohabitation was acceptable. (3) College students lacked comprehensive reproductive health e-ducation and showed strong demand of this kind of education. 59.33% college students had ever accepted reproductive health e-ducalion however their knowledge was not comprehensive and accurate enough. 89.34% college students indicated that it was necessary for the colleges to provide family planning services

  15. DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING IN A DIRECT-ACCESS SPORTS PHYSICAL THERAPY CLINIC: A 2-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE PRACTICE ANALYSIS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowell, Michael S; Dedekam, Erik A; Johnson, Michael R; Dembowski, Scott C; Westrick, Richard B; Goss, Donald L

    2016-10-01

    While advanced diagnostic imaging is a large contributor to the growth in health care costs, direct-access to physical therapy is associated with decreased rates of diagnostic imaging. No study has systematically evaluated with evidence-based criteria the appropriateness of advanced diagnostic imaging, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), when ordered by physical therapists. The primary purpose of this study was to describe the appropriateness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or magnetic resonance arthrogram (MRA) exams ordered by physical therapists in a direct-access sports physical therapy clinic. Retrospective observational study of practice. Greater than 80% of advanced diagnostic imaging orders would have an American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria rating of greater than 6, indicating an imaging order that is usually appropriate. A 2-year retrospective analysis identified 108 MRI/MRA examination orders from four physical therapists. A board-certified radiologist determined the appropriateness of each order based on ACR appropriateness criteria. The principal investigator and co-investigator radiologist assessed agreement between the clinical diagnosis and MRI/surgical findings. Knee (31%) and shoulder (25%) injuries were the most common. Overall, 55% of injuries were acute. The mean ACR rating was 7.7; scores from six to nine have been considered appropriate orders and higher ratings are better. The percentage of orders complying with ACR appropriateness criteria was 83.2%. Physical therapist's clinical diagnosis was confirmed by MRI/MRA findings in 64.8% of cases and was confirmed by surgical findings in 90% of cases. Physical therapists providing musculoskeletal primary care in a direct-access sports physical therapy clinic appropriately ordered advanced diagnostic imaging in over 80% of cases. Future research should prospectively compare physical therapist appropriateness and utilization to other groups of providers and

  16. Balanced Diet Pagoda KAP Survey of Culinary and Nutrition College Students in Eastern Guangdong%粤东某高校烹饪与营养大专生"膳食宝塔"知信行调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕宪涛; 苏妙婷

    2015-01-01

    A survey on the status of culinary and nutrition college students"balanced diet pagoda"KAP of the status quo was carried out to target nutrition education and to provide related guidance. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 58 students from the whole group of students who were taking the course of culi-nary and nutrition. The crowd on the diet pagoda awareness rate was only 20.7%, the awareness rate of family location from rural and township students is higher than that of those from the small and medium-sized cities and big cities (P<0.01);The nutritional attitude of this crowd is very good;Correct practice rate of the three lowest were:"every day adhere to the more than 1 hour exercise (15.5%)","daily intake of fruit more than 200g (31%), eat dairy often (46.6%), and the correct rate of the three acts has a significant difference between men and women (P<0.05);In KAP correlations, only a positive correlation between attitude and behavior (P<0.05). This crowd lack the knowledge of balanced diet pagoda, which have many unhealthy behaviors. However, the overall nutritional attitude is very good, so it can change the unhealthy behavior of the people through the educa-tion of nutrition knowledge and behavior.%调查烹饪与营养大专生"膳食宝塔"知信行(KAP)的现状,为针对性地开展营养教育及相关专业营养知识的教与学提供指导.采取整群抽样方法,抽取58名烹饪与营养大专班大一学生作为调查对象,进行问卷调查.统计分析发现,该人群对膳食宝塔的知晓率仅为20.7%,家庭所在地为农村和乡镇的学生的知晓率高于中小城市和大城市的学生( P<0.01);该人群的营养态度都很好;该人群行为正确率最低的三项分别为:"每天坚持1小时以上运动量(15.5%)"、"每天摄入水果超过200 g (31.0%)"、"经常吃奶类(46.6%)",并且此三项行为正确率在男女之间有明显差异( P<0.05);KAP相关性,只有态度和行为之

  17. 大学生运动性胃肠综合征及其影响因素的调查研究%Survey on the prevalence of exercise-induced gastrointestinal syndrome and its influence factors in college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晓伟; 吴寿枝; 张萍; 付昌伟; 赵浩宇; 丁铜浩; 顾颖强; 袁慧

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To understand the current status of exercise-induced gastrointestinal syndrome(EIGS) and its influence factors in college students for supplying epidemiological evidence with further researches .Methods:1070 college students from grade one to grade three were survey with question-naires that include demographic characteristics,behavior of exercise and diet and incidence of EIGS.Results:A total of 1070 students completed the ques-tionnaire,and EIGS occurred in 431(40.28%).Female students as well as freshmen and sophomores had higher incidence of EIGS than males and juniors ( 46.34%vs.32.92%;43.25%and 42.69%vs.34.92%).The difference was significant(P<0.001;P<0.05).EIGS generally occurred in 30 min af-ter exercise,and characterized by nausea (43.85%),abdominal pain (33.18%),vomiting (27.38%),regurgitation (21.58%) and heartburn (9. 98%).The binary logistic regression analysis demonstrated that increased risks for EIGS were higher in female students(OR=1.574,1.218 -2.035) and low grades of students (OR=0.818,0.722-0.953),and associated with history of gastrointestinal symptoms(OR=1.733,1.388-2.245) and fre-quent eating and drinking too much (OR=1.292,1.004-1.661).Conclusion:EIGS appears prevalent to a certain extent in college students,and its in-cidence is involved in gender,schooling year,history of gastrointestinal condition and dietary habits.Therefore,both of teachers and students should be highly aware of the risk factor with EIGS by planning moderate exercise .%目的:了解大学生运动性胃肠综合征( exercise-induced gastrointestinal syndrome ,EIGS)的发生情况及其影响因素,为更加全面、深入地了解EIGS提供流行病学依据。方法:采用分层整群抽样方法对某医学院在校大学生进行问卷调查,主要内容包括人口学特征、运动与饮食情况、胃肠症状发生情况等。结果:本次共调查1070人,431名大学生在运动时或运动后发生过EIGS,发生率为40.28

  18. Monitoring of Patients Aged 0–2 Years Drug Prescribing Pattern Used Indicator from WHO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Priyadi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate drug used by patients 0–2 years old using five World Health Organization guideline for prescribing indicators, which include average number of drugs per encounter, percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name, percentage of encounters with an antibiotics, injection prescribed, and drugs prescribed from essential drugs list or formulary. Outpatient prescription of patients 0–2 years old period Januari–Desember 2012 were collected retrospectively in one of health facility in Bandung. Average number of drugs per encounter was gained by dividing 6350 drugs with 2741 prescriptions. Percentage of using generic drugs was 9,19 %, antibiotics were 67,53 % and no injections per encounters, whereas percentage of drugs prescribed from essential drugs list was 45,02 %. The result showed that usage of generic drugs and essential drugs were low while the usage of antibiotics is relatively higher than World Health Organization recommendation.

  19. Occupational allergic contact dermatitis in a 2-year follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brok, Line; Clemmensen, Kim Katrine Bjerring; Carøe, Tanja Korfitsen

    2016-01-01

    results and the results of natural rubber latex protein allergy after 2 years. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-nine patients diagnosed with relevant occupational epoxy or rubber chemical contact allergy, or allergy to natural rubber latex protein, were invited to participate in a questionnaire study about...... >60 years (p natural rubber latex proteins, 50% remembered this correctly. CONCLUSIONS: The impact of patch testing depends on the patients' ability to understand and remember the results...... their knowledge of contact allergies after 2 years. RESULTS: The response rate was 75%. Of the respondents, 13% did not remember their occupational contact allergy to rubber chemicals or epoxy. Ability to remember was not significantly influenced by sex or Dermatology Life Quality Index, but was decreased by age...

  20. Complete Response to Bicalutamide Withdrawal Prolonged for Almost 2 Years in Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hongo, Hiroshi; Kosaka, Takeo; Oya, Mototsugu

    2014-09-01

    This is the first case report describing a complete response to bicalutamide withdrawal that lasted for almost 2 years in a patient with metastatic prostate cancer. An 80-year-old man who had prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level elevation (168.1 ng/mL) visited our hospital in February 2010. Bone scintigraphy showed pelvic metastases. We started hormonal therapy with leuprorelin and bicalutamide. The PSA concentration decreased to <0.1 ng/mL but started increasing again and reached 1.64 ng/mL in October 2012, at which time bicalutamide administration was discontinued. The PSA concentration decreased again and has remained below the limit of sensitivity for almost 2 years.

  1. Examining the Potential of Information Technologies to Improve Cost Control in Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudhakar, Samuel

    2013-01-01

    The challenges facing publicly funded community colleges have never been greater. Declining state and federal support and decreasing property tax revenues have placed a tremendous pressure on tuition rates. Declining revenues combined with the lack of adequate cost control, has caused in-state tuition and fees at public 2-year colleges to increase…

  2. Constrained Inclusion: Access and Persistence Among Undocumented Community College Students in California's Central Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negrón-Gonzales, Genevieve

    2017-01-01

    This article examines the ways in which citizenship status uniquely shapes both the access and persistence of undocumented community college students in the Central Valley of California. Drawing on more than 2 years of qualitative fieldwork, it is argued that undocumented community college students navigate an institutional landscape of…

  3. Hiring Diverse Faculty Members in Community Colleges: A Case Study in Ethical Decision Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujimoto, Eugene Oropeza

    2012-01-01

    As the diversity of students on college campuses continues to increase, the racial and ethnic diversity among faculty members continues to lag (Jayakumar, Howard, Allen, & Han, 2009; Turner, Myers, & Creswell, 1999). An often overlooked segment of this problem is the 2-year-college setting. With increasing numbers of students of color achieving…

  4. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) does not slow the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in SLE over 2 years

    OpenAIRE

    KIANI, ADNAN N.; Magder, Laurence S.; Petri, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Accelerated atherosclerosis is a major cause of mortality in SLE. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has been shown to suppress growth factor-induced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells in animal models. We hypothesized that MMF might modify the inflammatory component of atherosclerosis in SLE. We examined the effect of MMF on atherosclerosis as measured by changes in carotid intima–media thickness (IMT) or coronary artery calcium (CAC) over 2 years. CAC and carotid IMT wer...

  5. Contrast sensitivity evaluation of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses 2 years after implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caporossi, Aldo; Casprini, Fabrizio; Martone, Gianluca; Balestrazzi, Angelo; Tosi, Gian Marco; Ciompi, Leonardo

    2009-07-01

    To compare the quality of vision with aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses (IOLs) in pseudophakic patients after long-term follow-up. Two hundred eyes of 100 patients with bilateral cataracts were randomly assigned to receive spherical (Acrysof SN60AT [Alcon Laboratories Inc] or Sensar AR40e [Advanced Medical Optics Inc]) or aspheric IOLs (Acrysof SN60WF [Alcon] or Tecnis Z9000 [Advanced Medical Optics]). Ophthalmologic examination, including best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), pupil size, ocular dominance, contrast sensitivity under mesopic and photopic conditions, and wavefront analysis, was performed 2 months and 1 and 2 years after surgery. No statistically significant differences among the four groups in terms of age, pupil diameter, postoperative BSCVA, comeal spherical aberration, and posterior capsular opacification were noted. At all followup examinations, contrast sensitivity results showed no significant differences between the two aspheric IOLs at all spatial frequencies. Under photopic conditions, significant differences (P<.05) between spherical and aspheric IOLs were detected for spatial frequencies of 12 and 18 cycles per degree (cpd) at 2 months and 2 years and 12 cpd at 1 year. Under mesopic conditions, significant differences (P<.05) were detected between spherical and aspheric IOLs for all spatial frequencies at 2 months; all spatial frequencies except 18 cpd at 1 year; and spatial frequencies of 3, 12, and 18 cpd at 2 years. In addition, aspheric IOLs had statistical reductions in total spherical aberration at all follow-up examinations (P<.01). This study confirms that implantation of a modified aspheric IOL improves functional visual performance at 2 years postoperative.

  6. Complete paroxysmal atrioventricular block in a 2-year-old girl

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Line M; Dixen, Ulrik; Jeppesen, Dorthe L

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of atypical syncope in a 2-year-old, otherwise healthy girl. The patient presented with three episodes of syncope without any precipitating factors and no family history of sudden unexpected death. Holter monitoring revealed 24 events of complete atrioventricular block lasting u...... to 6 seconds. A normal 12-lead electrocardiogram does not necessarily exclude cardiac disease, and Holter monitoring is warranted in children with atypical syncope....

  7. Giant epicardial cyst presenting as acute cardiac tamponade in a 2-year-old boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masuoka, Ayumu; Sakurai, Hayato; Shiraishi, Masahisa; Yoshiba, Shigeki; Katogi, Toshiyuki; Suzuki, Takaaki

    2015-09-01

    Cystic structures within the pericardial cavity are rare. They are divided into epicardial and pericardial variants. Pericardial and epicardial cysts rarely cause symptoms. This report describes a case of epicardial cyst with acute cardiac tamponade in a 2-year-old boy with no previous cardiac history who was transferred to our hospital because of hemodynamic instability. Emergency drainage of the pericardial effusion and complete excision of the cyst were performed through a median full sternotomy.

  8. Back posture education in elementary schoolchildren: a 2-year follow-up study

    OpenAIRE

    Geldhof, Elisabeth; Cardon, Greet; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; De Clercq, Dirk

    2006-01-01

    Within the scope of primary prevention regarding back functioning in children, research on the stability of intervention effects is indispensable. Along this line, the transition from childhood to adolescence is an important phase to evaluate the potential stability of intervention effects because of the typically mechanical and psychological demands related to adolescence. The main aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of a back education program at 2-year follow-up, in you...

  9. 2 years versus 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab for HER2-positive breast cancer (HERA)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goldhirsch, Aron; Gelber, Richard D; Piccart-Gebhart, Martine J

    2013-01-01

    Trastuzumab has established efficacy against breast cancer with overexpression or amplification of the HER2 oncogene. The standard of care is 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab, but the optimum duration of treatment is unknown. We compared 2 years of treatment with trastuzumab with 1 year of treatmen......, and updated the comparison of 1 year of trastuzumab versus observation at a median follow-up of 8 years, for patients enrolled in the HERceptin Adjuvant (HERA) trial....

  10. Pial synangiosis in patients with moyamoya younger than 2 years of age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Eric M; Lin, Ning; Manjila, Sunil; Scott, R Michael; Smith, Edward R

    2014-04-01

    Object Patients with moyamoya who are younger than 2 years of age represent a therapeutic challenge because of their frequent neurological instability and concomitant anesthetic risks. The authors report their experience with pial synangiosis revascularization in this population. Methods The authors reviewed the clinical and radiographic records of all patients with moyamoya in a consecutive series of patients under 2 years of age, who underwent cerebral revascularization surgery using pial synangiosis at a single institution. Results During a 12-year period (1994-2005), 34 procedures (bilateral in 15 patients, unilateral in 4) were performed in 19 patients younger than 2 years (out of a total of 456 procedures in 240 patients). Eighteen of these patients presented with either stroke or transient ischemic attack. The average age of the 19 patients at first surgery was 1.4 years (range 6 months-1.9 years). Unanticipated staged operations occurred in 3 patients, due to persistent electroencephalographic changes during the initial surgery in 2 cases and due to brain swelling during the procedure requiring ventriculostomy in the other. There were 2 perioperative strokes; both patients had postoperative seizures but made clinical recoveries. The average follow-up was 7 years (range 1-14 years). Long term, at follow-up, 13 patients (68%) were clinically independent for their age, with 8 (42%) having no significant deficit. Late complications included subdural hygroma evacuation (1), additional revascularization procedures performed years later for frontal lobe ischemia (2), late infarction (1), and asymptomatic ischemic change on routine follow-up MRI studies (1). All patients who had both pre- and postoperative angiography demonstrated progression of disease. Conclusions Despite the challenges inherent to this population, the majority of children with moyamoya under the age of 2 years have a good long-term prognosis. The data from this study support the use of pial

  11. Patient satisfaction and penile morphology changes with postoperative penile rehabilitation 2 years after Coloplast Titan prosthesis

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    A common complaint after inflatable penile prosthesis surgery is reduced penile length. We previously reported how using the Coloplast Titan inflatable penile prosthesis with aggressive new length measurement technique (NLMT) coupled with postoperative IPP rehabilitation of the implant for 1-year helped to improve patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements. This is a 2 years follow-up of a prospective, three-center, study of 40 patients who underwent Titan prosthesis placement, wit...

  12. Filariasis presenting as a scrotal nodule in a 2 year old child:A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kiran Yagain; Mary Mathew

    2011-01-01

    A two year old boy from southwestern village of India presented with a2 cm í1 cm size swelling in scrotum for8 months. It was excised surgically and the histopathological examination revealed a gravid filarial worm. The occurrence of adult filarial worm in2 year old boy signifies the endemicity and high larval load of insect vectors in western coast of south India.

  13. 308例健康大学生四时八节追踪调查的聚类分析%Cluster Analysis of 308 Cases of Healthy College Students in Tracking Survey of Four Seasons and Eight Solar Terms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑敏; 唐利龙; 邓华亮; 赵勇; 韦昱; 吴昊; 赵燕

    2015-01-01

    目的:对大学生进行健康状态辨识及分组,探讨健康大学生中不同组群的特征及其四时八节的动态变化规律。方法:筛选308例健康大学生,于立冬、冬至、立春、春分、立夏、夏至、立秋、秋分8个节气点,开展历时1年的健康状况问卷追踪调查,建立数据库,进行聚类分析等多种统计分析,研究不同组群的表现特点及其不同节气点的变化情况。结果:1)通过聚类分析将被试者分为5个组;2)组1的11个变量的得分是5组中较低的;组2的 ASLEC 得分较高;组4的情绪、躯体、BAI 和 BDI 的得分均较高;3)5个组在8个节气均常见的条目有:兴趣低下、烦躁、注意力差、口干、易怒、乏力、抑郁、咽部不适等;4)常见条目的出现频率在立春和春分节气会普遍下降,立冬和冬至节气最高,在立夏和夏至时条目出现次数增多,在立秋和秋分节气条目发生数再次减少;5)组4在8个节气的表现变化较大,组1和组5在8个节气的变化较稳定。结论:健康者中存在不同状态的分组,各组在不同的节气有情绪、躯体和生活事件上的表现差异。%Objective:To identify the health status of college students and divide them into different groups to explore the charac-teristics of different groups and the changes of healthy college students in eight solar terms.Methods:We selected 308 cases of health students and performed tracking survey by questionnaires at eight solar terms:the beginning of winter,the winter solstice, the beginning of spring,the vernal equinox,the beginning of summer,the summer solstice,the beginning of autumn,and the au-tumn equinox.It took a year to carry out health tracking survey.In that time,we also did the establishment of a database,cluster analysis,and other statistical analysis so as to research performance characteristics and changes in different solar terms of different groups

  14. Patient satisfaction and penile morphology changes with postoperative penile rehabilitation 2 years after Coloplast Titan prosthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pryor, Michael B; Carrion, Rafael; Wang, Run; Henry, Gerard

    2016-01-01

    A common complaint after inflatable penile prosthesis surgery is reduced penile length. We previously reported how using the Coloplast Titan inflatable penile prosthesis with aggressive new length measurement technique (NLMT) coupled with postoperative IPP rehabilitation of the implant for 1-year helped to improve patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements. This is a 2 years follow-up of a prospective, three-center, study of 40 patients who underwent Titan prosthesis placement, with new length measurement technique for erectile dysfunction. Patient instructions were to inflate daily for 6 months and then inflate maximally for 1–2 h daily for 6–24 months. Fifteen penile measurements were taken before and immediately after surgery and at follow-up visits. Measurement changes were improved at 24 months as compared to immediately postoperative and at 12 months. 67.8% of subjects were satisfied with their length at 2 years, and 77% had perceived penile length that was longer (30.8%) or the same (46.2%) as prior to the surgery. 64.3% and 17.9% of subjects had increased and unchanged satisfaction, respectively, with penile length as compared to prior to penile implant surgery. All but one subject (96.5%) was satisfied with the overall function of his implant. This study suggests using the Coloplast Titan with aggressive cylinder sizing, and a postoperative penile rehabilitation inflation protocol can optimize patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements at 2 years postimplant. PMID:26459782

  15. Health related quality of life in renal transplantation: 2 years of longitudinal follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa-Requena, Gema; Cantarell, M Carmen; Moreso, Francesc; Parramon, Gemma; Seron, Daniel

    2017-08-10

    Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is recognized as an outcome measure in kidney transplantation. In this study was assessed changes on HRQoL and kidney-specific symptoms, also was evaluated the effect of socio-demographic and clinical parameters on patient's perceived HRQoL. A longitudinal study was done, at 5 time-points over 2 years after transplantation. To evaluate HRQoL the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire Short Form was administrated, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to assess psychological distress. At 6-months after transplantation, patients had similar HRQoL scores compared to the general population. The improvement on effects of kidney disease domain could be considered as large (η(2)=0.29), and medium on burden of kidney disease domain (η(2)=0.12), work status domain (η(2)=0.12), and sexual function domain (η(2)=0.13). Psychological distress, depressive symptoms, haemoglobin, and serum creatinine had significant influence on patient's perceived HRQoL over 2 years after transplantation. An improvement of HRQoL was observed on general and specific-targeted symptoms over 2 years after renal transplantation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. Patient satisfaction and penile morphology changes with postoperative penile rehabilitation 2 years after Coloplast Titan prosthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael B Pryor

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A common complaint after inflatable penile prosthesis surgery is reduced penile length. We previously reported how using the Coloplast Titan inflatable penile prosthesis with aggressive new length measurement technique (NLMT coupled with postoperative IPP rehabilitation of the implant for 1-year helped to improve patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements. This is a 2 years follow-up of a prospective, three-center, study of 40 patients who underwent Titan prosthesis placement, with new length measurement technique for erectile dysfunction. Patient instructions were to inflate daily for 6 months and then inflate maximally for 1-2 h daily for 6-24 months. Fifteen penile measurements were taken before and immediately after surgery and at follow-up visits. Measurement changes were improved at 24 months as compared to immediately postoperative and at 12 months. 67.8% of subjects were satisfied with their length at 2 years, and 77% had perceived penile length that was longer (30.8% or the same (46.2% as prior to the surgery. 64.3% and 17.9% of subjects had increased and unchanged satisfaction, respectively, with penile length as compared to prior to penile implant surgery. All but one subject (96.5% was satisfied with the overall function of his implant. This study suggests using the Coloplast Titan with aggressive cylinder sizing, and a postoperative penile rehabilitation inflation protocol can optimize patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements at 2 years postimplant.

  17. Patient satisfaction and penile morphology changes with postoperative penile rehabilitation 2 years after Coloplast Titan prosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pryor, Michael B; Carrion, Rafael; Wang, Run; Henry, Gerard

    2016-01-01

    A common complaint after inflatable penile prosthesis surgery is reduced penile length. We previously reported how using the Coloplast Titan inflatable penile prosthesis with aggressive new length measurement technique (NLMT) coupled with postoperative IPP rehabilitation of the implant for 1-year helped to improve patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements. This is a 2 years follow-up of a prospective, three-center, study of 40 patients who underwent Titan prosthesis placement, with new length measurement technique for erectile dysfunction. Patient instructions were to inflate daily for 6 months and then inflate maximally for 1-2 h daily for 6-24 months. Fifteen penile measurements were taken before and immediately after surgery and at follow-up visits. Measurement changes were improved at 24 months as compared to immediately postoperative and at 12 months. 67.8% of subjects were satisfied with their length at 2 years, and 77% had perceived penile length that was longer (30.8%) or the same (46.2%) as prior to the surgery. 64.3% and 17.9% of subjects had increased and unchanged satisfaction, respectively, with penile length as compared to prior to penile implant surgery. All but one subject (96.5%) was satisfied with the overall function of his implant. This study suggests using the Coloplast Titan with aggressive cylinder sizing, and a postoperative penile rehabilitation inflation protocol can optimize patient satisfaction and erectile penile measurements at 2 years postimplant.

  18. Educational Needs Assessment of St. Regis/Akwesasne Mohawk College Students at the State University of New York College at Potsdam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stebbins, Susan

    A telephone survey interviewed 112 present and former American Indian students, most of whom were from the St. Regis/Akwesasne Mohawk reservation, attending State University of New York College at Potsdam (SUNY Potsdam). The survey was conducted to determine Akwesasne needs and wants, to ask what the college could provide, and to promote greater…

  19. Substance Use Attitudes and Behaviors at Three Pharmacy Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Jeffrey N.; Scott, David M.; DeSimone, Edward M., II; Forrester, Joy H.; Fankhauser, Martha P.

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to profile and compare alcohol and other drug (AOD) use attitudes and behaviors in three pharmacy colleges. Student surveys of AOD use attitudes and behaviors were conducted at one southwestern and two midwestern pharmacy colleges. Response was 86.5% (566/654). Reported past-year use included alcohol 82.8%, tobacco…

  20. Attitudes toward Including Students with Intellectual Disabilities at College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Megan M.; Summer, Allison H.; McMillan, Elise D.; Day, Tammy L.; Hodapp, Robert M.

    2012-01-01

    Although inclusive postsecondary education programs are increasingly available, little is known about the attitudes of matriculating college students toward the inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities in their classes. To assess these attitudes, the authors surveyed 256 college students about their attitudes toward students with…