WorldWideScience

Sample records for surrounding third-party judgment

  1. The effects of third-party validation and minimization on judgments of the transgressor and the third party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaton, Judy

    2013-06-01

    Victims of interpersonal transgressions often turn to friends, family, and trusted others when trying to make sense of negative events. This research explored the effect of two of the many ways that these informal third parties can respond: validating the victim's experience, and downplaying or minimizing the transgression. Two studies found that validation from a third party increases revenge motivations and that minimization of the transgression is more effective than validation at reducing revenge motivations. However, results also indicated that victims judge third parties more positively if they validate rather than minimize the transgression. These findings suggest that, when choosing between validation and minimization, third parties must make a choice between promoting forgiveness and promoting themselves.

  2. Persecution by third parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, Ben; Spijkerboer, Thomas; Zwaan, Karin; Fernhout, Roel

    1998-01-01

    As a large number of the present day asylum claims concern situations of civil war or of a break down of (central) governmental authority the issue of persecution by third parties is of great importance. Although the main characteristics of the different positions are clear, precise information abou

  3. Third Party Involvement in Barroom Conflicts

    OpenAIRE

    Parks, Michael J.; Osgood, D. Wayne; Richard B. Felson; Wells, Samantha; Graham, Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the effect of situational variables on whether third parties intervene in conflicts in barroom settings, and whether they are aggressive or not when they intervene. Based on research on bystander intervention in emergencies, we hypothesized that third parties would be most likely to become involved in incidents with features that convey greater danger of serious harm. The situational variables indicative of danger were severity of aggression, whether the aggression was one...

  4. Third party involvement in barroom conflicts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parks, Michael J; Osgood, D Wayne; Felson, Richard B; Wells, Samantha; Graham, Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the effect of situational variables on whether third parties intervene in conflicts in barroom settings, and whether they are aggressive or not when they intervene. Based on research on bystander intervention in emergencies, we hypothesized that third parties would be most likely to become involved in incidents with features that convey greater danger of serious harm. The situational variables indicative of danger were severity of aggression, whether the aggression was one-sided or mutual, gender, and level of intoxication of the initial participants in the conflict. Analyses consist of cross-tabulations and three-level Hierarchical Logistic Models (with bar, evening, and incidents as levels) for 860 incidents of verbal and physical aggression from 503 nights of observation in 87 large bars and clubs in Toronto, Canada. Third party involvement was more likely during incidents in which: (1) the aggression was more severe; (2) the aggression was mutual (vs. one-sided) aggression; (3) only males (vs. mixed gender) were involved; and (4) participants were more intoxicated. These incident characteristics were stronger predictors of non-aggressive third party involvement than aggressive third party involvement. The findings suggest that third parties are indeed responding to the perceived danger of serious harm. Improving our knowledge about this aspect of aggressive incidents is valuable for developing prevention and intervention approaches designed to reduce aggression in bars and other locations. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. 24 CFR 401.500 - Required notices to third parties and meeting with third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... third parties and meeting with third parties. (a) General. The PAE must solicit, and document the...) and (f) of this section, in form and substance acceptable to HUD, must be provided. The PAE may... Project Number; (ii) The responsible PAE and contact person, including the address and telephone...

  6. Third-Party Contract Negotiations for CEOs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Joe

    1990-01-01

    New and incumbent presidents sometimes are reticent about discussing the specifics of compensation and benefit packages. Third-party negotiators might help bring these issues into the open. A negotiation process and nine specific topics for inclusion in negotiation discussions are outlined. (Author/MSE)

  7. Capuchin Monkeys Judge Third-Party Reciprocity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, James R.; Takimoto, Ayaka; Kuroshima, Hika; Fujita, Kazuo

    2013-01-01

    Increasing interest is being shown in how children develop an understanding of reciprocity in social exchanges and fairness in resource distribution, including social exchanges between third parties. Although there are descriptions of reciprocity on a one-to-one basis in other species, whether nonhumans detect reciprocity and violations of…

  8. Cornerstone Third Party Alternative Cost Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vrieling, P. Douglas [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2013-10-15

    The attached cost analyses sheets have been developed for use in planning during the Third Party Alternative study currently underway for the Sandia CREATE project. This cost analysis builds upon the previously submitted base estimate dated June 14, 2013 and includes comparison information collected during a Market Validation exercise conducted in August/September 2013.

  9. The Dark Side of Altruistic Third-Party Punishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leibbrandt, Andreas; Lopez-Perez, Raul

    2011-01-01

    This article experimentally studies punishment from unaffected third parties in ten different games. The authors show that third-party punishment exhibits several features that are arguably undesirable. First, third parties punish strongly a decider if she chooses a socially efficient or a Pareto efficient allocation and becomes the richest party…

  10. [Third-party funding and industrial sponsoring].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bock, R-W

    2003-11-01

    Due to sensational publications, media-effective proceedings and not least due to personal involvement in many cases the medical profession became aware of the potential criminal significance of third-party funding and industrial sponsoring in hospitals. It started with the so-called Heart-Valve-Affair ("Herzklappenskandal") in 1994. Since then, insecurity prevails which was further nourished by a new series of legal proceedings in spring 2002. Industrial sponsoring has been practised in hospitals for a long time. Research work at universities and colleges would hardly be possible without third-party funding, which is accepted de lege lata according to section sign 25 of the German Hochschulrahmengesetz (framework law on universities and colleges). In view of the course of action of the criminal prosecution authorities the question came up which precautions must be taken with regard to grants by the medical-pharmaceutical industry to avoid consequences from the point of view of criminal law.[nl]There are various facts and circumstances in relation with these benefits, such as providing financing of educational training, payments related to the participation in congresses, speaker's fees, consultancy agreements, clinical tests and application evaluation, provision of equipment and staff as well as providing financing thereof, donations to medical facilities and so-called Fördervereine (supporting associations), benefits for research projects, etc.

  11. The lives of others: Third parties' responses to others' injustice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Reilly, Jane; Aquino, Karl; Skarlicki, Daniel

    2016-02-01

    This research takes a moral perspective to studying third parties' reactions to injustice as a function of their moral identity. Drawing from theories of deontic justice, moral intuition, moral heuristics, and moral identity, we develop and test a model of the moral underpinnings of third parties' reactions to injustice. First, we compare third parties' responses with interpersonal, distributive, and procedural justice violations. We hypothesize that third parties are more likely to intuit that interpersonal justice violations are morally wrong, compared with distributive and procedural justice violations. As a result, third parties are more likely to experience stronger moral anger and punish violators in response to interpersonal transgressions compared with distributive and procedural justice transgressions. Second, we test the proposition that third parties with a strong moral identity will react more strongly to justice violations than third parties with a comparatively weak moral identity. Results from 3 studies support these predictions. (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  12. Keys to effective third-party process safety audits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birkmire, John C; Lay, James R; McMahon, Mona C

    2007-04-11

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) Process Safety Management (PSM) regulation was promulgated in 1992. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) corresponding Risk Management Program (RMP) rule followed in 1996. Both programs include requirements for triennial compliance audits. Effective compliance audits are critical in identifying program weaknesses and ensuring the safety of facility personnel and the surrounding public. Large companies with corporate and facility health, safety, and environmental groups typically have the resources and experience to conduct audits internally, either through a corporate audit team or the sharing of personnel between multiple facilities. Small to medium sized businesses frequently do not have the expertise or the resources to perform compliance audits, and rely on third-party consultants to provide these services. This paper will discuss the observations of the authors in performing audits and working with PSM/RMP programs across a number of market sectors (e.g. chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, food and beverage, water treatment), including effective practices, hurdles to successful implementation and execution of programs, and typical program shortcomings. The paper will also discuss steps to improve the audit process and increase effectiveness whether performed by a third party or internally.

  13. Ombuds’ corner: the third party, the institution

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2012-01-01

    “The Ombuds shall provide confidential assistance for the informal resolution of interpersonal issues, in the interests of the good functioning of CERN.”*   In any institution, conflicts are inevitable. They can, however, offer an opportunity for a positive resolution. Relationships in a workplace are generally better and stronger between people who have been able to reach a positive resolution of their disagreement, than they are between people who get along moderately well. However, in disputes involving two antagonistic parties, people often forget that there is actually a third party behind the scenes: the institution. It is sometimes surprising to see that even people holding management responsibilities or hierarchical positions in projects fight each other, and completely forget that they are accountable for the good functioning of CERN. Commitment and professionalism are part of the five priority values of CERN, as expressed in its Code of Conduct: “Promot...

  14. 29 CFR 552.109 - Third party employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Third party employment. 552.109 Section 552.109 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS APPLICATION OF THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT TO DOMESTIC SERVICE Interpretations § 552.109 Third party employment...

  15. The Effects of Third-Party Arbitration: A Field Experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joosten, H.W.M.; Bloemer, J.M.M.; Hillebrand, B.

    2016-01-01

    Governments, firms, and consumer agencies promote third-party arbitration to end consumer–firm disputes that arise from dissatisfying services and failed service recoveries in the hope that third-party arbitration will (1) resolve the dispute, (2) repair the relationship with the service provider, a

  16. 16 CFR 240.13 - Customer's and third party liability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Customer's and third party liability. 240.13 Section 240.13 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION GUIDES AND TRADE PRACTICE RULES GUIDES FOR ADVERTISING ALLOWANCES AND OTHER MERCHANDISING PAYMENTS AND SERVICES § 240.13 Customer's and third party...

  17. Third Party Reproduction: Sperm, Egg, and Embryo Donation and Surrogacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... third-party reproduction” refers to the use of eggs , sperm , or embryos that have been donated by a ... the requisite screening and testing required of all egg and sperm donors. For embryos that are created specifically for ...

  18. "Public Purpose or Public Interest" and Third Party Transfers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradley Virgill

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article the difference between public purpose and public interest in section 25(2 of the 1996 Constitution is considered. It is generally accepted that public purpose is a narrower category than public interest and that the distinction between public purpose and public interest does not make any practical difference. However, in this contribution it is suggested that the difference between public purpose and public interest makes no practical difference only in cases where expropriated property is used by the state for the realisation of a particular purpose. The difference between public purpose and public interest becomes more important when a particular expropriation also involves a third party transfer, since it indicates the level of scrutiny that the courts should apply in determining the lawfulness of the expropriation. When property is expropriated and transferred to a third party for the realisation of a public purpose, such as building and managing electricity plants, the lawfulness of the expropriation is not easily questioned. As such, the application of a rationality test to determine the legitimacy of the expropriation is generally easy to accept. However, this lenient approach cannot be as easily accepted where an expropriation and third party transfer takes place in the public interest. Examples of third party transfers in the public interest include land reform, slum clearance and economic development. In the examples of land reform and slum clearance the expropriation and third party transfer is usually authorised in legislation or, as is the case with land reform in South Africa, the 1996 Constitution. Because (as in the land reform example the expropriation and third party transfer is authorised by the Constitution and regulated by legislation, the application of a rationality test to determine the legitimacy is acceptable. However, the application of a rationality test where property is expropriated and transferred

  19. Hotel Overbooking and Cooperation with Third-Party Websites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yufeng Dong

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Hotels cooperate with third-party websites to enhance their competitive position and attain sustainable development in the era of e-commerce. Furthermore, hotel managers overbook to hedge against last-minute cancellations and customer no-shows. This paper discusses pricing and overbooking strategies of a hotel in the context of cooperation with multiple third-party websites and analyzes how these strategies influence the cooperation process. The increase in profits resulting from the overbooking strategy is also examined. A model of a Stackelberg game between the hotel and third-party websites and a Nash game among the third-party websites are developed to analyze the process. Results indicate that the compensation coefficient has a slight influence on hotel pricing strategy, but causes a sharp decrease in overbooking level. As the hotel demands to lessen the probability of denying under higher compensation rate, the third-party websites would exert less sales effort to reduce the demand of online customers. Results also show that under a given market demand, hotel effort only serves to redistribute market shares among the hotel and third-party websites, without influencing hotel pricing and overbooking decisions. Specifically, the market shares of the third-party websites decrease in the effort level of the hotel resulting from an increase in the hotel market share. Finally, in the numerical example where one hotel and two websites are analyzed, hotel overbooking strategy improves hotel profit by 4.20%, whereas profit improvements for Websites 1 and 2 are as high as 5.26% and 5.21%, respectively. Managerial implications of the study are also provided.

  20. Online trust building through third party trust transfer and third party protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wandoko, Wanda; Saleh Abbas, Bahtiar; Budiastuti, Dyah; Kosala, Raymond

    2017-03-01

    The primary objective of this research is to develop an online trust building mechanism for SME (Small Medium Enterprise). Trust is very important in e-commerce. The nature of online shopping has a greater uncertainty than offline shopping. Seeing as there is an uncertainty that can produce risks, a prospective buyer’s trust is needed. A lot of people’s unwillingness to shop online is caused by their lack of trust toward e-commerce. E-commerce is said to be one of the ways for SME to compete with bigger companies. However, building trust requires immense time and cost. SME with limited resources may experience difficulties in building trust just with their own resources. Base on literature research that needs to be validated in next research, we found that trust can be built through trust transfer from the reputable and well-known trust-mark issuer, and third party protection such as escrow account service and credit card issuer.

  1. Elevated moral condemnation of third-party violations in multiple sclerosis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patil, Indrajeet; Young, Liane; Sinay, Vladimiro; Gleichgerrcht, Ezequiel

    2017-06-01

    Recent research has demonstrated impairments in social cognition associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). The present work asks whether these impairments are associated with atypical moral judgment. Specifically, we assessed whether MS patients are able to integrate information about intentions and outcomes for moral judgment (i.e., appropriateness and punishment judgments) in the case of third-party acts. We found a complex pattern of moral judgments in MS patients: although their moral judgments were comparable to controls' for specific types of acts (e.g., accidental or intentional harms), they nevertheless judged behaviors to be less appropriate and endorsed more severe punishment across the board, and they were also more likely to report that others' responses would be congruent with theirs. Further analyses suggested that elevated levels of externally oriented cognition in MS (due to co-occurring alexithymia) explain these effects. Additionally, we found that the distinction between appropriateness and punishment judgments, whereby harmful outcomes influence punishment judgments to a greater extent than appropriateness judgments, was preserved in MS despite the observed disruptions in the affective and motivational components of empathy. The current results inform the two-process model for intent-based moral judgments as well as possible strategies for improving the quality of life in MS patients.

  2. Profitability, third-party reimbursement, and access to community pharmacies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, N V; Miederhoff, P A; Waters, L W

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the extent to which third-party reimbursement programs have affected the profitability and availability of community pharmacies. Data were taken from records maintained by the Virginia Board of Pharmacy and a survey of 177 community pharmacies. Between 1989 and 1994, 258 outpatient pharmacies opened and 342 closed. Chain and independent pharmacies suffered net losses, and supermarket and mass merchandiser pharmacies experienced net increases. Few significant changes occurred in the distribution of pharmacies over the study period. Fifty-nine chain and independent pharmacies and 1 supermarket pharmacy chain provided usable profit and reimbursement data. These pharmacies experienced declines in profits and increases in the percentage of prescriptions reimbursed by private third-party prescription programs over the last several years. Regression analyses indicated that higher ratios of sales of private third-party prescriptions to private-pay prescriptions were associated with lower profits. All respondents indicated that changes in private third-party reimbursement had substantially reduced profits over the past 5 years. The results indicate that the growth of private third-party payment has led to lower pharmacy profits but has not yet resulted in problems of consumer access.

  3. Postconflict third-party affiliation in rooks, Corvus frugilegus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seed, Amanda M; Clayton, Nicola S; Emery, Nathan J

    2007-01-23

    Conflict features in the lives of many animal species and induces social stress mediated by glucocorticoid hormones [1]. Postconflict affiliation, between former opponents (reconciliation) or between former opponents and a bystander (third-party affiliation), has been suggested as a behavioral mechanism for reducing such stress [2], but has been studied almost exclusively in primates [3]. As with many primates, several bird species live in social groups and form affiliative relationships [4]. Do these distantly related animals also use affiliative behavior to offset the costs of conflict? We studied postconflict affiliation in a captive group of rooks. Unlike polygamous primates, monogamous rooks did not reconcile with former opponents. However, we found clear evidence of third-party affiliation after conflicts. Both initiators and targets of aggression engaged in third-party affiliation with a social partner and employed a specific behavior, bill twining, during the postconflict period. Both former aggressors and uninvolved third parties initiated affiliative contacts. Despite the long history of evolutionary divergence, the pattern of third-party affiliation in rooks is strikingly similar to that observed in tolerant primate species. Furthermore, the absence of reconciliation in rooks makes sense in light of the species differences in social systems.

  4. THE THIRD PARTY CERTIFICATION SYSTEM FOR ORGANIC PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adina-Roxana MUNTEANU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the context of an increasing organic trade worldwide, the organic standards and the certification of the organic practices are ever more important and relevant for both business and consumers. The certification by third parties of the organic operators is meant to ensure the application of an organic standard. However, the documented fraud cases are proof that the current system can undergo further improvement. The current paper gives an overview of the mechanisms of certification and inspection worldwide and discusses the issues raised by third party certification of the organic operators in the European context. Moreover, the paper reviews the major arguments for the effectiveness of the third party certification and also points to the improvement possibilities of the systems.

  5. Third-party biller compliance guidance emphasizes risk awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saner, R J

    1999-03-01

    The voluntary compliance guidance for third-party billing companies released by the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) in December 1998, like the OIG's previously released guidance directed at hospitals, home health agencies, and clinical laboratories, identifies seven minimum elements for an effective corporate compliance program: written compliance policies, designation of a compliance officer, ongoing training, open lines of communication, guidelines to ensure the enforcement of compliance standards, internal monitoring and auditing of compliance activity, and procedures to respond to and correct errors. Three areas of concern for third-party billing companies are emphasized in the new guidance document: compliance risk, claims documentation, and disclosure of suspected misconduct or fraud.

  6. Achieving Energy Efficient Ship Operations Under Third Party Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taudal Poulsen, René; Sornn-Friese, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    of time to produce and provide reliable energy efficiency information cause energy efficiency gaps. The paper brings together the energy efficiency and ship management literatures, demonstrating how ship management models influence energy efficiency in ship operations. Achieving energy efficiency in ship...... operations is particularly challenging under third party ship management. Finally, the paper discusses management implications for shipping companies, which outsource ship management to third parties.......Profitable energy saving measures are often not fully implemented in shipping, causing energy efficiency gaps. The paper identifies energy efficiency gaps in ship operations, and explores their causes. Lack of information on energy efficiency, lack of energy training at sea and onshore and lack...

  7. Injunctions against innocent third parties : Case of website blocking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Husovec, Martin

    2013-01-01

    The paper discusses a phenomenon of injunctions against innocent third parties (in a tort law sense). One type of such injunctions, website blocking, is currently appearing in a spotlight around various European jurisdictions as a consequence of the implementation of Art. 8(3) of the Information Soc

  8. Educational Digital Technologies in Developing Countries Challenge Third Party Providers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passey, Don; Laferrière, Thérèse; Ahmad, Manal Yazbak-Abu; Bhowmik, Miron; Gross, Diana; Price, Janet; Resta, Paul; Shonfeld, Miri

    2016-01-01

    In this conceptual paper, we consider issues and challenges of third party and governmental organisations in planning and implementing access to and uses of digital technologies for learning and teaching in developing countries. We consider failures and weaknesses in the planning and implementation processes highlighted by research in developed…

  9. A dynamic digital signature scheme without third parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Elsas, M.; Van der Lubbe, J.C.A.; Weber, J.H.

    2015-01-01

    We propose a digital signature scheme for dynamic coalitions. Particularly, we enable members to join and leave. Our scheme does not need trusted or oblivious third parties (TTPs or OTPs). In this distributed scheme there is a changing secret group key dependent on the members in the group. Each

  10. Opportunistic Third-Party Backhaul for Cellular Wireless Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Ford, Russell; Kim, Changkyu; Rangan, Sundeep

    2013-01-01

    With high capacity air interfaces and large numbers of small cells, backhaul -- the wired connectivity to base stations -- is increasingly becoming the cost driver in cellular wireless networks. One reason for the high cost of backhaul is that capacity is often purchased on leased lines with guaranteed rates provisioned to peak loads. In this paper, we present an alternate \\emph{opportunistic backhaul} model where third parties provide base stations and backhaul connections and lease out exce...

  11. Costly third-party punishment in young children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAuliffe, Katherine; Jordan, Jillian J; Warneken, Felix

    2015-01-01

    Human adults engage in costly third-party punishment of unfair behavior, but the developmental origins of this behavior are unknown. Here we investigate costly third-party punishment in 5- and 6-year-old children. Participants were asked to accept (enact) or reject (punish) proposed allocations of resources between a pair of absent, anonymous children. In addition, we manipulated whether subjects had to pay a cost to punish proposed allocations. Experiment 1 showed that 6-year-olds (but not 5-year-olds) punished unfair proposals more than fair proposals. However, children punished less when doing so was personally costly. Thus, while sensitive to cost, they were willing to sacrifice resources to intervene against unfairness. Experiment 2 showed that 6-year-olds were less sensitive to unequal allocations when they resulted from selfishness than generosity. These findings show that costly third-party punishment of unfair behavior is present in young children, suggesting that from early in development children show a sophisticated capacity to promote fair behavior.

  12. REALTIME MONITORING OF PIPELINES FOR THIRD-PARTY CONTACT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gary L. Burkhardt

    2005-12-31

    Third-party contact with pipelines (typically caused by contact with a digging or drilling device) can result in mechanical damage to the pipe, in addition to coating damage that can initiate corrosion. Because this type of damage often goes unreported and can lead to eventual catastrophic failure of the pipe, a reliable, cost-effective method is needed for monitoring the pipeline and reporting third-party contact events. The impressed alternating cycle current (IACC) pipeline monitoring method developed by Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) consists of impressing electrical signals on the pipe by generating a time-varying voltage between the pipe and the soil. The signal voltage between the pipe and ground is monitored continuously at receiving stations located some distance away. Third-party contact to the pipe that breaks through the coating (thus resulting in a signal path to ground) changes the signal received at the receiving stations. The IACC method was shown to be a viable method that can be used to continuously monitor pipelines for third-party contact. Electrical connections to the pipeline can be made through existing cathodic protection (CP) test points without the need to dig up the pipe. The instrumentation is relatively simple, consisting of (1) a transmitting station with a frequency-stable oscillator and amplifier and (2) a receiving station with a filter, lock-in amplifier, frequency-stable oscillator, and remote reporting device (e.g. cell phone system). Maximum distances between the transmitting and receiving stations are approximately 1.61 km (1 mile), although the length of pipeline monitored can be twice this using a single transmitter and one receiver on each side (since the signal travels in both directions). Certain conditions such as poor pipeline coatings or strong induced 60-Hz signals on the pipeline can degrade IACC performance, so localized testing should be performed to determine the suitability for an IACC installation at a given

  13. Other-regarding attention focus modulates third-party altruistic choice: An fMRI study

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, Bastian; Hu, Yang; Krüger, Frank; Weber, Bernd

    2017-01-01

    Third-party altruistic decision-making has been shown to be modulated by other-regarding attention (e.g., focusing on the offender’s crime or the victim’s situation especially in judicial judgment). However, the neural mechanisms underlying this modulation remain poorly understood. In this fMRI study, participants voluntarily decided if they wanted to punish the first-party offender or help the second-party victim using their own monetary endowment in an unfair context. Particularly, before deciding they were asked to focus on the (un)fairness of the offender proposing the offer (offender-focused block, OB), the feeling of the victim receiving this offer (victim-focused block, VB), or without any specific focus (baseline block, BB). We found that compared to BB participants punished more frequently and prolonged help choices in OB, whereas they helped more frequently in VB. These findings were accompanied by an increased activation in the temporo-parietal junction (TPJ) during decision making in OB and VB. Moreover, regions relevant to cognitive control (esp. IFG/AI and the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex) were strongly recruited during specific choices conflicting the attention focus (e.g., choosing help in OB). Our findings revealed how other-regarding attention modulates third-party altruistic decision-making at the neural level. PMID:28220867

  14. The effect of altruistic tendency on fairness in third-party punishment

    OpenAIRE

    Lu eSun; Peishan eTan; You eCheng; Jingwei eChen; Chen eQu

    2015-01-01

    Third-party punishment, as an altruistic behavior, was found to relate to inequity aversion in previous research. However, not all people show altruistic third party punishment, previous research found that altruistic tendency, as an individual difference, affects resource division. Here, using the ERP technique and a third party punishment of dictator game paradigm, we explored third-party punishments in high and low altruists and recorded their EEG data. Behavioral results showed high altru...

  15. Interrelationships of risks faced by third party logistics service providers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Govindan, Kannan; Chaudhuri, Atanu

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyses the interrelationships between risks faced by third party logistics service providers (3PLs) in relation to one of its customers using DEMATEL. Novel analysis of both within and between risk categories and generation of threshold value to prioritize risks generate useful...... insights. Results show that arms-length relationship between the customer and the 3PLs has strong influence on other risks and there is a need for collaborative relationships between 3PLs and its customers. Moreover, analysis indicates that the 3PLs need to improve internal processes related to quality...... management, flexibility of its operations and also geographical coverage of their services....

  16. Integration between manufacturers and third party logistics providers?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Ole; Lemoine, Olga W.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to analyse the extent of the integration between manufacturers and third party logistics (TPL) providers at present and how the integration is expected to develop in the near future. The focus is on studying what tasks are part of the cooperation, what...... of the eight business processes studied. Further integration in the same processes is expected, based on ICT tools and with a focus on cost. ICT competences are primarily seen as a qualifier not a differentiator. Because the future TPL industry is expected to be characterised by more standardised services...

  17. The Third Party Logistics Selection: A Review of Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Aguezzoul, Aicha

    2007-01-01

    7 pages; International audience; The outsourcing of logistics activities to third-party logistics service providers (3PL) has become a common practice by many companies. The majority of research in this field is of exploratory type and is mainly focused on reasons, benefits, and risks to work with the 3PL as well as the role of those in supply chain management. This paper presents a literature analysis on 3PL selection and evaluation. This selection is a very complex process that depends on s...

  18. 12 CFR 978.7 - Third party requests for confidential information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... LOAN BANK OPERATIONS AND AUTHORITIES BANK REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION § 978.7 Third party requests for confidential information. (a) General. In the event a Bank receives a request for confidential information in... to any third party. A Bank shall refer all third party requests for such confidential information to...

  19. 76 FR 22608 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Clothing Textiles: Revisions to Terms of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-22

    ... Commission determines that an insufficient number of third party conformity assessment bodies have been... to Terms of Acceptance of Children's Product Certifications Based on Third Party Conformity... terms under which it will accept certifications for children's products based on third party conformity...

  20. Third-party cooperation: How reducing material involvement enhances contributions to the public good

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Losecaat Vermeer, A.B.; Heerema, R.L.; Sanfey, A.G.

    2016-01-01

    Decisions to cooperate are often delegated to a third party. We examined whether cooperation differs when decisions are made for a third party compared with ourselves and specified which motives are important for third-party cooperation. Participants played multiple rounds of a public goods game

  1. Third-party cooperation: How reducing material involvement enhances contributions to the public good

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Losecaat Vermeer, A.B.; Heerema, R.L.; Sanfey, A.G.

    2016-01-01

    Decisions to cooperate are often delegated to a third party. We examined whether cooperation differs when decisions are made for a third party compared with ourselves and specified which motives are important for third-party cooperation. Participants played multiple rounds of a public goods game (PG

  2. 78 FR 23545 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request: Third Party Conformity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-19

    ... COMMISSION Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request: Third Party Conformity... collection regarding a form used to evaluate whether third party conformity assessment bodies meet the requirements to test for compliance to specified children's product safety rules. Third party...

  3. Multiple Trust Model in Online Transaction by Trusted Third Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Suganya

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available the information fortune and the connectivity are provided by the universe of E-commerce over an enormous distance at all time. In an open and distributed environment the buyers or providers will not act in a mutually understood or agreed manner by which the incomplete practices and fraudulent activities happen. So in any online transaction the security and trust are two important factors that are to be considered. In Ecommerce markets the above mentioned problems are criticized as the most important barriers. In order to improve these barriers a trust based third party mechanism is successfully adopted as a self-regulatory system to improve the buyer and seller trust. The online transactions are made very easy now days by E-commerce technologies. Built integrity belief approach (BIB, Support Vector Mechanic approach (SVM and Random Number Generation approach (RNG are the three approaches which are mainly used in this paper for online trust management. The seller and the buyer communication will be handled through the trusted third party. Apart from this a coupon based approach is introduced as an advancement in this paper for providing discount schemes which is helpful in attracting the customer who purchase beyond the threshold level fixed by the seller. Moreover a product review study is integrated in order to reduce the scam reviews in online transactions.

  4. On the Relationship between the Suit of the Third Party's Revocation and the Third Party's Applying for Retrial%试析第三人撤销之诉与案外人申请再审之关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田媛媛

    2015-01-01

    第三人撤销制度与案外人申请再审制度都是为了保护民事诉讼活动中虚假或恶意诉讼而受生效裁判侵害的第三人的合法权益。但他们在本质、适用主体和提起事由等方面存在诸多差异。应清晰加以区别,准确予以适用,以实现两种制度各自的立法目的。%Both the third party's revocation and the third party's applying for retrial are designed to protect the legitimate rights and interests of a third party from being infringed by legally effective judgment derived from false and malicious prosecution. However,they are not the same in the aspects of nature,applicable subject and the reasons for applying for.In order to realize respective legislation purposes of the two systems,both them should be applied accurately and differentially.

  5. Innovation adoption processes for third party property management companies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shockman, Chris; Piette, Mary Ann

    2000-07-01

    Innovation adoption studies have never been applied to third party property management companies. These companies manage buildings for a fee as their primary business. Property management companies are influential in the adoption process for new technologies because they act as gatekeepers for technical information. This study analyzes radical and routine adoption process that are found in large, professionally operated property management companies. The process is explicated. The technical managers, and their role as technology gate keepers, are described. The distinction to the technical managers between routine and radical technology is that routine technologies do something in a new way and radical technologies do something new. Observations concerning evaluation and adoption of information technologies are described. The findings suggest methods of successfully tailoring and introducing technologies to this market.

  6. Third-Party Incentive Strategies and Conflict Management in Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emmanuel, Nikolas G.

    2016-01-01

    Dr. Nikolas Emmanuel's examines the use of an incentives approach in managing intrastate conflict in Africa because in many cases, risks and costs make applications of hard power alone unfeasible. Furthermore, simply ignoring episodes of civil conflict in the hope that they will "burn themselves...... out"� does not appear to be a viable alternative. That said, both noncoercive and coercive incentive strategies exist and have been deployed by third parties in a variety of conflict situations. Such incentives seek to manage conflict by encouraging political bargaining. The clear intention...... parties can help manage conflicts. Second, it offers a typology of the available incentive strategies, classifying them along noncoercive and coercive lines. Thus, the article outlines the possibilities offered by an incentives approach, focusing on examples drawn from recent African cases....

  7. Third-party punishment as a costly signal of trustworthiness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Jillian J; Hoffman, Moshe; Bloom, Paul; Rand, David G

    2016-02-25

    Third-party punishment (TPP), in which unaffected observers punish selfishness, promotes cooperation by deterring defection. But why should individuals choose to bear the costs of punishing? We present a game theoretic model of TPP as a costly signal of trustworthiness. Our model is based on individual differences in the costs and/or benefits of being trustworthy. We argue that individuals for whom trustworthiness is payoff-maximizing will find TPP to be less net costly (for example, because mechanisms that incentivize some individuals to be trustworthy also create benefits for deterring selfishness via TPP). We show that because of this relationship, it can be advantageous for individuals to punish selfishness in order to signal that they are not selfish themselves. We then empirically validate our model using economic game experiments. We show that TPP is indeed a signal of trustworthiness: third-party punishers are trusted more, and actually behave in a more trustworthy way, than non-punishers. Furthermore, as predicted by our model, introducing a more informative signal--the opportunity to help directly--attenuates these signalling effects. When potential punishers have the chance to help, they are less likely to punish, and punishment is perceived as, and actually is, a weaker signal of trustworthiness. Costly helping, in contrast, is a strong and highly used signal even when TPP is also possible. Together, our model and experiments provide a formal reputational account of TPP, and demonstrate how the costs of punishing may be recouped by the long-run benefits of signalling one's trustworthiness.

  8. Third-Party Cooperation: How Reducing Material Involvement Enhances Contributions to the Public Good.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losecaat Vermeer, Annabel B; Heerema, Roeland L; Sanfey, Alan G

    2016-03-01

    Decisions to cooperate are often delegated to a third party. We examined whether cooperation differs when decisions are made for a third party compared with ourselves and specified which motives are important for third-party cooperation. Participants played multiple rounds of a public goods game (PGG). In Study 1, we varied personal involvement from high to low; participants played for themselves (Self), for themselves and a third party (Shared), and solely for a third party (Third Party). Participants contributed most when personal involvement was lowest (i.e., Third Party) and least when personal involvement was high (i.e., Self). Study 2 explored if social motives underlie third-party cooperation by comparing cooperation with social (human) and non-social (computer) group members. Reducing personal involvement in the PGG (i.e., Third Party) increased cooperation in social contexts compared with non-social contexts, indicating enhanced collective interest. Increased cooperation for a third party may result from taking the other's perspective, thereby increasing social norm preferences. © 2016 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.

  9. The effect of altruistic tendency on fairness in third-party punishment

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Lu; Tan, Peishan; CHENG, YOU; Chen, Jingwei; Chen QU

    2015-01-01

    Third-party punishment, as an altruistic behavior, was found to relate to inequity aversion in previous research. Previous researchers have found that altruistic tendencies, as an individual difference, can affect resource division. Here, using the event-related potential (ERP) technique and a third-party punishment of dictator game paradigm, we explored third-party punishments in high and low altruists and recorded their EEG data. Behavioral results showed high altruists (vs. low altruists) ...

  10. Selfish third parties act as peacemakers by transforming conflicts and promoting cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halevy, Nir; Halali, Eliran

    2015-06-02

    The tremendous costs of conflict have made humans resourceful not only at warfare but also at peacemaking. Although third parties have acted as peacemakers since the dawn of history, little is known about voluntary, informal third-party intervention in conflict. Here we introduce the Peacemaker Game, a novel experimental paradigm, to model and study the interdependence between disputants and third parties in conflict. In the game, two disputants choose whether to cooperate or compete and a third party chooses whether or not to intervene in the conflict. Intervention introduces side payments that transform the game disputants are playing; it also introduces risk for the third party by making it vulnerable to disputants' choices. Six experiments revealed three robust effects: (i) The mere possibility of third-party intervention significantly increases cooperation in interpersonal and intergroup conflicts; (ii) reducing the risk to third parties dramatically increases intervention rates, to everyone's benefit; and (iii) disputants' cooperation rates are consistently higher than third parties' intervention rates. These findings explain why, how, and when self-interested third parties facilitate peaceful conflict resolution.

  11. Sex, attractiveness, and third-party punishment in fairness consideration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jia; Zhou, Xiaolin

    2014-01-01

    Social evaluation of others is often influenced by the physical attractiveness of the person being judged, leading to either a beauty premium or penalty depending on the circumstances. Here we asked Chinese participants to act as an interest-free third party in a dictator game and to evaluate the fairness level of monetary allocation by attractive and less attractive proposers of the same or opposite sex. We also instructed participants to express their willingness to punish the proposers by using a visual analogue scale. Results confirmed that the reasonableness evaluation was mainly affected by the reasonableness of offers. However, participants' intention to punish the proposers was affected by the level of reasonableness in the asset distribution and by both the sex and attractiveness of the proposers. Overall, male proposers were punished more severely than female proposers. Moreover, the same-sex proposers were punished more severely than opposite-sex proposers when they were physically attractive; this pattern was reversed when the proposers were less physically attractive. These results demonstrate social responses following an individual's unfair asset distribution can be affected by both social norms and the personal characteristics of the individual.

  12. Sex, attractiveness, and third-party punishment in fairness consideration.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia Li

    Full Text Available Social evaluation of others is often influenced by the physical attractiveness of the person being judged, leading to either a beauty premium or penalty depending on the circumstances. Here we asked Chinese participants to act as an interest-free third party in a dictator game and to evaluate the fairness level of monetary allocation by attractive and less attractive proposers of the same or opposite sex. We also instructed participants to express their willingness to punish the proposers by using a visual analogue scale. Results confirmed that the reasonableness evaluation was mainly affected by the reasonableness of offers. However, participants' intention to punish the proposers was affected by the level of reasonableness in the asset distribution and by both the sex and attractiveness of the proposers. Overall, male proposers were punished more severely than female proposers. Moreover, the same-sex proposers were punished more severely than opposite-sex proposers when they were physically attractive; this pattern was reversed when the proposers were less physically attractive. These results demonstrate social responses following an individual's unfair asset distribution can be affected by both social norms and the personal characteristics of the individual.

  13. Segmentasi Pasar Penyedia Jasa Logistik (Third Party Logistics di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darjat Sudrajat

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Market segmentation is fundamental in marketing strategy and the first step of market-based strategy preparation, to strengthen its marketing efficiency, and creating opportunities for sales growth and profits. This also applies to market segmentation logistics service providers (TPL - Third Party Logistics, the market is highly developed in the last decade, so that the logistics service providers has to develop marketing strategies properly. The purpose of this research is to gain a better understanding of different industries that exist today and map the needs of the logistics services of TPL customers. Based on exploration research conducted, it can be found in conformities relating to the logistics industry from several companies, ie appropriateness to the complexity of logistics activities of some companies and degree of investment of TPL services company in conducting the activity. Logistics service provider market segmentation can be based on variable complexity of logistics activities, whether it is high, medium or low and variable degrees of investment in the company whether minor, major, or integrated/total. Companies in different industries can have the same logistic service requirements and companies in the same industry can have different logistic service requirements. Client companies for logistics service providers which product handling are classified as semi-complex is the most attractive customer segments for being penetrated. The industries are classified into this segment is automotive, food and beverage, animal food, ceramic, and plantation. 

  14. Third-party postconflict affiliation of aggressors in chimpanzees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Teresa; de Waal, Frans B M

    2011-04-01

    Postconflict management strategies have been defined as any postconflict interaction that mitigates the negative consequences of the preceding agonistic conflict. Although most studies have investigated postconflict interactions between former opponents or between victims and uninvolved bystanders, interactions between aggressors and bystanders have received much less attention. In this study, we examined a database of 1,102 agonistic interactions and their corresponding postconflict periods in two outdoor-housed groups of captive chimpanzees in order to test the occurrence of postconflict third-party affiliation of aggressors. Our results confirmed the occurrence of appeasement, i.e. postconflict affiliation by a bystander toward an aggressor, but failed to detect the occurrence of postconflict affiliation directed from aggressors toward bystanders. Appeasement rates did not differ according to the sex of the involved individuals. In addition, appeasement occurred more often in the absence of reconciliation than after its occurrence suggesting that appeasement may act as an alternative to reconciliation when the latter fails to occur. Both study groups showed behavioral specificity for appeasement, i.e. context-specific use of certain behaviors, supporting the view that chimpanzees exhibit highly visible explicit postconflict affiliation.

  15. Healthcare.gov shares personal data with third parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robbins RA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated after 150 words. According to the Associated Press, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid's (CMS website, HealthCare.gov, has been sending consumers’ personal data to private companies that specialize in advertising and analyzing Internet data for performance and marketing (1. What information is being disclosed was not immediately clear, but it could include age, income, ZIP code, and smoking status. It could also include a computer’s Internet address, which can identify a person’s name or address when combined with other information collected by sophisticated online marketing or advertising firms. “We deploy tools on the window shopping application that collect basic information to optimize and assess system performance,” said CMS’s Aaron Albright in a statement. “We believe that the use of these tools are common and represent best practices for a typical e-commerce site.” There is no evidence that personal information has been misused. But connections to dozens of third-party tech firms were documented by ...

  16. Evaluation of Third Party Logistics Providers Considering Social Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosang Jung

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we investigated a third-party logistics (3PL provider evaluation problem considering social sustainability as one of the important evaluation criteria. Since the 3PL service is mainly dependent on both transport vehicles and employees, managing them from the viewpoint of social sustainability has become a critical issue. Thus, 3PL providers need to be concerned about not only the service price or quality but also issues related to social sustainability. In line with this trend, we defined the social sustainability of 3PL providers and related evaluation criteria. In addition, a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP was used as a main evaluation framework to help decision-makers determine the relative importance of each criteria or alternative using linguistic terms. To show the feasibility of the proposed criteria and evaluation framework, we presented the illustrative example based on a real-world case. The results showed that the proposed approach could be a good alternative to conduct evaluations, and the related sensitivity analysis, considering social sustainability.

  17. Third-party grooming in a captive chimpanzee group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Yvan I

    2010-01-01

    Social grooming is ubiquitous among the captive chimpanzees at Chester Zoo. Seven individuals were chosen here for a study of third-party social dynamics. The grooming decisions of five adult males were analysed, but only insofar as they directed attention to a mother-daughter pair. Uniquely, the daughter was an unpopular and physically disabled subadult whose congenital motor impairments prevented her from grooming others effectively. The impetus for this study was the observation that some males increased their grooming towards the disabled daughter during days when the mother had a tumescent anogenital swelling (sexually attractive to males) compared to days when the mother was not tumescent (less attractive). Apparently, males were grooming the daughter with no possibility of payback (because the daughter could never "return the favour"). A "grooming rate" (avg. grooming time/hour) was calculated that showed the grooming efforts of all five males towards both mother and daughter. These rates were compared on days when (1) the mother's anogenital swelling was tumescent, and (2) days when the swelling was not tumescent. Each male showed a different pattern of behaviour. Two males groomed the daughter significantly more when the mother was tumescent. Results for all males were graphed against the quality of the social relationship between each male and the mother. Apparently, only males that had a weaker relationship to the mother groomed the daughter more when the mother was tumescent. This pattern did not exist for males with a stronger relationship to the mother. Possibly, the insecure males were using the disabled daughter as a way to curry favour with the attractive mother. If this is confirmed, then this type of triadic situation is a possible setting for indirect reciprocity to occur.

  18. 29 CFR 1425.6 - Use of third-party mediation assistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of third-party mediation assistance. 1425.6 Section 1425.6 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE MEDIATION ASSISTANCE IN THE FEDERAL SERVICE § 1425.6 Use of third-party mediation assistance. If the...

  19. 32 CFR 728.35 - Coordination of benefits-third party payers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Coordination of benefits-third party payers. 728... MEDICAL AND DENTAL CARE FOR ELIGIBLE PERSONS AT NAVY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT FACILITIES Retired Members and Dependents of the Uniformed Services § 728.35 Coordination of benefits—third party payers. Title 10...

  20. Enacting Third-Party Certification: A Case Study of Science and Politics in Organic Shrimp Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konefal, Jason; Hatanaka, Maki

    2011-01-01

    As third-party certification has become a prominent governance mechanism, conflicting understandings of it have emerged. Proponents advance third-party certification as a technical and objective governance mechanism, while critics argue that politics and relations of power characterize it. We reject this dichotomization both in terms of how TPC is…

  1. Not 'Just the two of us' : Third party externalities of social dilemmas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Iest, Hanne; Dijkstra, J.; Stokman, F.N.

    2011-01-01

    Many real-life social dilemmas contain third parties who cannot make decisions in the dilemma, but are affected by its outcome (receive externalities) nonetheless. Dilemmas with identical payoffs for decision-making actors may greatly vary in their externalities for third parties. If actors value th

  2. 75 FR 31688 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Infant Bath Seats: Requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-04

    ... to hide or exert undue influence over the third party conformity assessment body's test results. This... subject to undue influence by any other person, including another governmental entity; The third party... exercise undue influence over other governmental authorities on matters affecting its operations or on...

  3. 76 FR 49286 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Notice of Requirements for Accreditation of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... labeler, or other interested party to hide or exert undue influence over the third party conformity... nation; The third party conformity assessment body's testing results are not subject to undue influence... undue influence over other governmental authorities on matters affecting its operations or on decisions...

  4. 76 FR 22030 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Toddler Beds: Requirements for Accreditation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ..., private labeler, or other interested party to hide or exert undue influence over the third party... nation; The third party conformity assessment body's testing results are not subject to undue influence... undue influence over other governmental authorities on matters affecting its operations or on decisions...

  5. 75 FR 33683 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Infant Bath Seats: Requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION 16 CFR Part 1215 Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Infant Bath Seats: Requirements for Accreditation of Third Party Conformity Correction In rule document 2010-13080 beginning...

  6. 78 FR 19713 - Possible Role of Independent Third Parties in Industry-Sponsored Tobacco Product Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ... third-party governance? For example, could it be applied to: Product testing? Nonclinical studies... product research could be subject to third-party governance? For example, should both the design and... Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice; establishment of docket; request for data, information, and...

  7. Enacting Third-Party Certification: A Case Study of Science and Politics in Organic Shrimp Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konefal, Jason; Hatanaka, Maki

    2011-01-01

    As third-party certification has become a prominent governance mechanism, conflicting understandings of it have emerged. Proponents advance third-party certification as a technical and objective governance mechanism, while critics argue that politics and relations of power characterize it. We reject this dichotomization both in terms of how TPC is…

  8. 7 CFR 1942.313 - Plan to provide financial assistance to third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Plan to provide financial assistance to third parties... Grants and Television Demonstration Grants § 1942.313 Plan to provide financial assistance to third parties. (a) For applications involving establishment of a revolving fund to provide financial assistance...

  9. Study on VMI Inventory Control Mode based on the Third-Party Logistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haoxiong Yang

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Adding the third party logistics enterprises between the suppliers and the retailers is a kind of the development of VMI mode, in this mode; inventory pressure is transferred to the third party logistics enterprise. In view of this situation, the VMI inventory control model which treats total inventory control costs as the objective function is built based on from four dimensions: the inventory holding costs, the fixed delivery costs, replenishment costs and customer waiting costs. After solving the model and sensitivity analyzing related parameters, it can be inferred that related parameters in the VMI model of the introduction of the third party logistics have effects on inventory control costs.

  10. Do you understand your risk? Liability and third-party evaluations in civil litigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, Liza H; Davidson, John E

    2007-01-01

    Many psychiatrists believe that there is little or no liability associated with conducting examinations at the request of a third party or with providing testimony in civil litigation. Case law has demonstrated otherwise. Psychiatrists conducting independent medical examinations (IMEs) may be vulnerable to tort lawsuits by either the evaluee or the third party who commissions the IME. In addition, breaches of legal or ethical conduct can lead to disciplinary action by state medical boards and professional organizations. Although immunity for certain types of forensic activities is available, such immunity is qualified and may not be applicable to evaluations and related testimony conducted for third parties. Understanding the liability associated with third-party evaluations will assist psychiatrists in minimizing their exposure.

  11. Inter Organizational Relationships Performance in Third Party Logistics: conceptual framework and case study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aziz, Romana; Hillegersberg, van Jos; Kumar, Kuldeep

    2010-01-01

    Supplier relationship management is an important challenge for shippers in logistics outsourcing. This paper attempts to understand the factors which affect inter organizational relationships performance in third party logistics and proposes a conceptual framework specifically for inter organization

  12. Inter Organizational Relationships Performance in Third Party Logistics: conceptual framework and case study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aziz, Romana; Aziz, R.; van Hillegersberg, Jos; Kumar, Kuldeep; Kersten, W.; Blecker, T.; Luthje, C.

    2010-01-01

    Supplier relationship management is an important challenge for shippers in logistics outsourcing. This paper attempts to understand the factors which affect inter organizational relationships performance in third party logistics and proposes a conceptual framework specifically for inter

  13. Contingency Contractor Optimization Phase 3 Sustainment Third-Party Software List - Contingency Contractor Optimization Tool - Prototype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durfee, Justin David; Frazier, Christopher Rawls; Bandlow, Alisa

    2016-05-01

    The Contingency Contractor Optimization Tool - Prototype (CCOT-P) requires several third-party software packages. These are documented below for each of the CCOT-P elements: client, web server, database server, solver, web application and polling application.

  14. Outcomes and intentions in children's, adolescents', and adults' second- and third-party punishment behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gummerum, Michaela; Chu, Maria T

    2014-10-01

    Theories of morality maintain that punishment supports the emergence and maintenance of moral behavior. This study investigated developmental differences in the role of outcomes and the violator's intentions in second-party punishment (where punishers are victims of a violation) and third-party punishment (where punishers are unaffected observers of a violation). Four hundred and forty-three adults and 8-, 12-, and 15-year-olds made choices in mini-ultimatum games and newly-developed mini-third-party punishment games, which involved actual incentives rather than hypothetical decisions. Adults integrated outcomes and intentions in their second- and third-party punishment, whereas 8-year-olds consistently based their punishment on the outcome of the violation. Adolescents integrated outcomes and intentions in second- but not third-party punishment.

  15. Factors associated with third-party disability in spouses of older people with hearing impairment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarinci, Nerina; Worrall, Linda; Hickson, Louise

    2012-01-01

    This study had two aims: (1) to describe the extent of third-party disability in a sample of spouses of older people with hearing impairment, and (2) to investigate factors associated with third-party hearing disability. Third-party disability is defined as the disability and functioning of family members as a result of the health condition of their significant other. One hundred older spouses who had partners with hearing impairment participated. All assessments were self-reported, and included a set of measures (the 36-item Significant Other Scale for Hearing Disability, SOS-HEAR; the Relationship Assessment Scale; and the Significant Other Assessment of Communication) administered to the target population of normally hearing older spouses, and those administered to the hearing impaired partners of the spouses in the study (the Self Assessment of Communication). To address the first aim, descriptive statistics were used to describe the extent of third-party hearing disability in the spouses. To address the second aim, binary logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors associated with third-party hearing disability. Factors investigated were focused on the spouse (e.g., spouse perception of relationship satisfaction) and on the partners with hearing impairment (e.g., partners' level of hearing impairment). Most spouses (98%) reported some degree of third-party hearing disability on at least one item of the SOS-HEAR, with the majority reporting a mild disability. Three risk factors were found to be significantly associated with severe or complete third-party disability: lower relationship satisfaction as reported by the spouse (Relationship Assessment Scale), spousal age difference, and spouse perception of their partner's hearing disability (Significant Other Assessment of Communication). Partners' level of hearing impairment, self-reported hearing disability (Self Assessment of Communication), use of hearing aids, and spouse satisfaction that their

  16. 78 FR 40442 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request-Third Party Conformity Assessment Body Registration Form

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ..., the number of new third party conformity assessment bodies (53) accepted by the CPSC has remained stable. Based on these historical levels of acceptance, the estimated number of third party conformity... COMMISSION Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request--Third Party Conformity Assessment Body Registration...

  17. Inter Organizational Relationships Performance in Third Party Logistics: conceptual framework and case study

    OpenAIRE

    Aziz, Romana; R. Aziz; van Hillegersberg, Jos; Kumar, Kuldeep; Kersten, W.; Blecker, T.; Luthje, C.

    2010-01-01

    Supplier relationship management is an important challenge for shippers in logistics outsourcing. This paper attempts to understand the factors which affect inter organizational relationships performance in third party logistics and proposes a conceptual framework specifically for inter organizational relationship performance in third party logistics. We also draw a set of propositions from published research and exploratory inter-views with practitioners to explain inter organizational relat...

  18. Potential approaches to the management of third-party impacts from groundwater transfers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skurray, James H.; Pannell, David J.

    2012-08-01

    Groundwater extraction can have varied and diffuse effects. Negative external effects may include costs imposed on other groundwater users and on surrounding ecosystems. Environmental damages are commonly not reflected in market transactions. Groundwater transfers have the potential to cause spatial redistribution, concentration, and qualitative transformation of the impacts from pumping. An economically and environmentally sound groundwater transfer scheme would ensure that marginal costs from trades do not exceed marginal benefits, accounting for all third-party impacts, including those of a non-monetary nature as well as delayed effects. This paper proposes a menu of possible management strategies that would help preclude unacceptable impacts by restricting transfers with certain attributes, ideally ensuring that permitted transfers are at least welfare-neutral. Management tools would require that transfers limit or reduce environmental impacts, and provide for the compensation of financial impacts. Three management tools are described. While these tools can limit impacts from a given level of extraction, they cannot substitute for sustainable overall withdrawal limits. Careful implementation of transfer limits and exchange rates, and the strategic use of management area boundaries, may enable a transfer system to restrict negative externalities mainly to monetary costs. Provision for compensation of these costs could be built into the system.

  19. Looking Under the Hood of Third-Party Punishment Reveals Design for Personal Benefit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasnow, Max M; Delton, Andrew W; Cosmides, Leda; Tooby, John

    2016-03-01

    Third-party intervention, such as when a crowd stops a mugger, is common. Yet it seems irrational because it has real costs but may provide no personal benefits. In a laboratory analogue, the third-party-punishment game, third parties ("punishers") will often spend real money to anonymously punish bad behavior directed at other people. A common explanation is that third-party punishment exists to maintain a cooperative society. We tested a different explanation: Third-party punishment results from a deterrence psychology for defending personal interests. Because humans evolved in small-scale, face-to-face social worlds, the mind infers that mistreatment of a third party predicts later mistreatment of oneself. We showed that when punishers do not have information about how they personally will be treated, they infer that mistreatment of other people predicts mistreatment of themselves, and these inferences predict punishment. But when information about personal mistreatment is available, it drives punishment. This suggests that humans' punitive psychology evolved to defend personal interests.

  20. Third-party punishment increases cooperation in children through (misaligned) expectations and conditional cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lergetporer, Philipp; Angerer, Silvia; Glätzle-Rützler, Daniela; Sutter, Matthias

    2014-05-13

    The human ability to establish cooperation, even in large groups of genetically unrelated strangers, depends upon the enforcement of cooperation norms. Third-party punishment is one important factor to explain high levels of cooperation among humans, although it is still somewhat disputed whether other animal species also use this mechanism for promoting cooperation. We study the effectiveness of third-party punishment to increase children's cooperative behavior in a large-scale cooperation game. Based on an experiment with 1,120 children, aged 7 to 11 y, we find that the threat of third-party punishment more than doubles cooperation rates, despite the fact that children are rarely willing to execute costly punishment. We can show that the higher cooperation levels with third-party punishment are driven by two components. First, cooperation is a rational (expected payoff-maximizing) response to incorrect beliefs about the punishment behavior of third parties. Second, cooperation is a conditionally cooperative reaction to correct beliefs that third party punishment will increase a partner's level of cooperation.

  1. The third-party regulation on food safety in China:A review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Man; QIAO Hui; WANG Xu; PU Ming-zhe; YU Zhi-jun; ZHENG Feng-tian

    2015-01-01

    Stakeholders in the ifeld of food safety management in China can be classiifed into three categories, government, food producers (farmers and enterprises), and the third-party regulatory bodies. The third-party regulation has experienced rapid development in past twenty years, and recently received considerable attention from consumers and the central government. This paper provides a review about the development, problems and future trend of the third-party regulation on food safety in China. To be speciifc, ifve forms of the third-party regulation are assessed, including media exposure, the third-party certiifcation, regulation by consumer associations, social movements promoted by non-governmental organiza-tions (NGOs), and regulation by industry associations. The study concludes that media and consumer associations are the major players in the third-party regulation and are highly repudiated among customers. The food certiifcation industry has developed rapidly, but is now facing crises of conifdence among consumers because of its lack of self-regulation. NGOs and industry associations stil remain in the early development stages of food safety management, and therefore, are of little importance in current regulatory bodies.

  2. Utilization of third-party in vitro fertilization in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushnir, Vitaly A; Darmon, Sarah K; Shapiro, Alice J; Albertini, David F; Barad, David H; Gleicher, Norbert

    2017-03-01

    The use of in vitro fertilization that includes third-party in vitro fertilization is increasing. However, the relative contribution of third-party in vitro fertilization that includes the use of donor oocytes, sperm, or embryo and a gestational carrier to the birth cohort after in vitro fertilization is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of third-party in vitro fertilization to the in vitro fertilization birth cohort over the past decade. This retrospective analysis investigated 1,349,874 in vitro fertilization cycles that resulted in 421,525 live births and 549,367 liveborn infants in the United States from 2004-2013. Cycles were self-reported by fertility centers to a national registry: Society for Assisted Reproductive Technologies Clinic Outcome Reporting System. Third-party in vitro fertilization accounted for 217,030 (16.1%) of all in vitro fertilization cycles, 86,063 (20.4%) of all live births, and 115,024 (20.9%) of all liveborn infants. Overall, 39.7% of third-party in vitro fertilization cycles resulted in a live birth, compared with 29.6% of autologous in vitro fertilization cycles. Use of third-party in vitro fertilization increased with maternal age and accounted for 42.2% of all in vitro fertilization cycles and 75.3% of all liveborn infants among women >40 years old. Oocyte donation was the most common third-party in vitro fertilization technique, followed by sperm donation. Over the study period, annual cycle volume and live birth rates gradually increased for both autologous in vitro fertilization and third-party in vitro fertilization (Pvitro fertilization modalities were used, followed by oocyte donation. Third-party in vitro fertilization use and efficacy have increased over the past decade, now comprising >20% of the total in vitro fertilization birth cohort. In women who are >40 years old, third-party in vitro fertilization has become the dominant treatment. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc

  3. Solar PV Project Financing: Regulatory and Legislative Challenges for Third-Party PPA System Owners

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kollins, K.; Speer, B.; Cory, K.

    2009-11-01

    Residential and commercial end users of electricity who want to generate electricity using on-site solar photovoltaic (PV) systems face challenging initial and O&M costs. The third-party ownership power purchase agreement (PPA) finance model addresses these and other challenges. It allows developers to build and own PV systems on customers? properties and sell power back to customers. However, third-party electricity sales commonly face five regulatory challenges. The first three challenges involve legislative or regulatory definitions of electric utilities, power generation equipment, and providers of electric services. These definitions may compel third-party owners of solar PV systems to comply with regulations that may be cost prohibitive. Third-party owners face an additional challenge if they may not net meter, a practice that provides significant financial incentive to owning solar PV systems. Finally, municipalities and cooperatives worry about the regulatory implications of allowing an entity to sell electricity within their service territories. This paper summarizes these challenges, when they occur, and how they have been addressed in five states. This paper also presents alternative to the third-party ownership PPA finance model, including solar leases, contractual intermediaries, standardized contract language, federal investment tax credits, clean renewable energy bonds, and waived monopoly powers.

  4. DSHEA's third-party literature exemption; mail order sales, direct marketing, and Internet use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raubicheck, C J

    1999-01-01

    This article examines ways in which marketers of dietary supplements can make use of the "third-party literature" section of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA). This provision permits persons or entities, other than manufacturers or distributors, to distribute to consumers certain publications in connection with the sale of particular supplements. These publications may include statements about the therapeutic benefits of such products without subjecting the products to regulation by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as unapproved new drugs. Specifically, this article addresses the following: Can a dietary supplement manufacturer or distributor send third-party literature about a dietary supplement to a customer in a mail order sales transaction? Can third-party literature be disseminated by mail with dietary supplement catalogues only? Can third-party literature be disseminated by sales representatives engaged in direct marketing of dietary supplements? Can third-party literature appear on the Internet? The answer appears to be affirmative in each of these situations.

  5. When the third party observer of a neuropsychological evaluation is an audio-recorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constantinou, Marios; Ashendorf, Lee; McCaffrey, Robert J

    2002-08-01

    The presence of third parties during neuropsychological evaluations is an issue of concern for contemporary neuropsychologists. Previous studies have reported that the presence of an observer during neuropsychological testing alters the performance of individuals under evaluation. The present study sought to investigate whether audio-recording affects the neuropsychological test performance of individuals in the same way that third party observation does. In the presence of an audio-recorder the performance of the participants on memory tests declined. Performance on motor tests, on the other hand, was not affected by the presence of an audio-recorder. The implications of these findings in forensic neuropsychological evaluations are discussed.

  6. Multinationals' accountability on sustainability: the evolution of third-party assurance of sustainability reports

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Perego; A. Kolk

    2012-01-01

    In this article we explore how multinational corporations (MNCs) adopt assurance practices to develop and sustain organizational accountability for sustainability. Using a panel of Fortune Global 250 firms over a period of 10 years, we document the diffusion patterns of third-party assurance of sust

  7. Third Party Logistics: Is asset intensity competition as asset for growth?

    OpenAIRE

    Kwa, Francis CH

    2010-01-01

    Logistics trade journals, research literatures and annual reports from third party logistics firms claimed “Asset Intensity” strategy (asset-based, asset-light, non asset-based) is a strategy for superior financial performance. This thesis seeks to determine the origin and definition of the “Asset Intensity” strategy and its claim as a strategy for superior financial performance.

  8. The effect of altruistic tendency on fairness in third-party punishment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu eSun

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Third-party punishment, as an altruistic behavior, was found to relate to inequity aversion in previous research. However, not all people show altruistic third party punishment, previous research found that altruistic tendency, as an individual difference, affects resource division. Here, using the ERP technique and a third party punishment of dictator game paradigm, we explored third-party punishments in high and low altruists and recorded their EEG data. Behavioral results showed high altruists (vs. low altruists were more likely to punish the dictators in unfair offers. ERP results revealed that patterns of MFN were modulated by unfairness. For high altruists, high unfair offers (90:10 elicited a larger MFN than medium unfair offers (70:30 and fair offers (50:50. By contrast, for low altruists, fair offers elicited larger MFN while high unfair offers caused the minimal MFN. It is suggested that the altruistic tendency effect influences fairness consideration in the early stage of evaluation. Moreover, the results provide further neuroscience evidence for inequity aversion.

  9. An eco-solution for track & trace of goods and third party logistics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roos, K.; West, M.; Chang, E.; Armstrong, B.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a new economic cost-effective solution known as the Web and telephony based method for tracking and tracing of goods and small and medium sized third party logistic providers. Considering that these companies usually operate on very flat margins, a comparison is made of the avail

  10. 16 CFR 240.11 - Wholesaler or third party performance of seller's obligations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Wholesaler or third party performance of seller's obligations. 240.11 Section 240.11 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION GUIDES AND TRADE PRACTICE RULES GUIDES FOR ADVERTISING ALLOWANCES AND OTHER MERCHANDISING PAYMENTS AND...

  11. 75 FR 22746 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Notice of Requirements for Accreditation of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ..., private labeler, or other interested party to hide or exert undue influence over the third party... assessment body's testing results are not subject to undue influence by any other person, including another... conformity assessment body does not exercise undue influence over other governmental authorities on matters...

  12. 75 FR 42311 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Vinyl Plastic Film: Requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ... manufacturer, private labeler, or other interested party to hide or exert undue influence over the third party... assessment body's testing results are not subject to undue influence by any other person, including another... conformity assessment body does not exercise undue influence over other governmental authorities on matters...

  13. 75 FR 35282 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Infant Walkers: Requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ..., private labeler, or other interested party to hide or exert undue influence over the third party... assessment body's testing results are not subject to undue influence by any other person, including another... conformity assessment body does not exercise undue influence over other governmental authorities on matters...

  14. 75 FR 51016 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Clothing Textiles: Requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... manufacturer, private labeler, or other interested party to hide or exert undue ] influence over the third... conformity assessment body's testing results are not subject to undue influence by any other person... bodies; and The third party conformity assessment body does not exercise undue influence over other...

  15. 76 FR 18645 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Notice of Requirements for Accreditation of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... to hide or exert undue influence over the third party conformity assessment body's test results. This... not subject to undue influence by any other person, including another governmental entity; The third... assessment body does not exercise undue influence over other governmental authorities on matters affecting...

  16. 75 FR 42315 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Carpets and Rugs: Requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ... labeler, or other interested party to hide or exert undue influence over the third party conformity... body's testing results are not subject to undue influence by any other person, including another... conformity assessment body does not exercise undue influence over other governmental authorities on matters...

  17. 78 FR 22518 - Request for Information Regarding Third Party Testing for Lead Content, Phthalate Content, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    ... party testing. The NOR can be found at: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-08-10/pdf/2011-19678.pdf... COMMISSION Request for Information Regarding Third Party Testing for Lead Content, Phthalate Content, and the... primarily intended for children 12 years old and younger, the lead content must be no greater than 100 parts...

  18. To Defer or To Stand Up? How Offender Formidability Affects Third Party Moral Outrage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Holm; Petersen, Michael Bang

    2011-01-01

    According to models of animal behavior, the relative formidability of conspecifics determines the utility of deferring versus aggressing in situations of conflict. Here we apply and extend these models by investigating how the formidability of exploiters shapes third party moral outrage in humans...

  19. The Spies We Trust: Third Party Service Providers and Law Enforcement Surveillance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soghoian, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    Telecommunications carriers and service providers now play an essential role in facilitating modern surveillance by law enforcement agencies. The police merely select the individuals to be monitored, while the actual surveillance is performed by third parties: often the same email providers, search engines and telephone companies to whom consumers…

  20. The Third Party Logistics Partner Selection of B2C E-Commerce Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Wei

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, with the rapid development of Internet, e-commerce enterprises in China is at an alarming rate of sustainable development, the B2C e-commerce in the online shopping market accounted for a large proportion, with the rapid change of the market and customer needs to establish a flexible distribution service is one of the many e-commerce companies need to solve. Using self logistics capital occupancy bigger; the logistics alliance, with the risk of internal information disclosure; and on the third party logistics, not only capital and manpower can be effectively used, helps enterprises to strengthen the core business. Therefore, it is very important to choose the appropriate third party logistics providers to reduce operating costs and improve the market influence. This paper analyses the existing problems in the third party logistics, the establishment of a more complete index system, according to the actual situation of the suppliers, using the improved AHP method and the entropy coefficient method to get the comprehensive weight, finally get the approximation method to meet the business requirements of the logistics service providers use the ideal, for commercial enterprises to third party logistics service provider selection and puts forward some available models.

  1. 28 CFR 906.2 - Third party handling of criminal history record information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... COMPACT COUNCIL OUTSOURCING OF NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS § 906.2 Third party handling... reference a security and management control outsourcing standard approved by the Compact Council after consultation with the United States Attorney General. The security and management control outsourcing...

  2. 14 CFR 440.19 - United States payment of excess third-party liability claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... insurance required under § 440.9(b); and (2) Is not more than $1,500,000,000 (as adjusted for inflation... payable under 49 U.S.C. 70113 from the first dollar of loss up to $1,500,000,000 (as adjusted for inflation occurring after January 1, 1989). (e) Payment by the United States of excess third-party...

  3. Code-switching as appraisal resource in talking about third parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baumgarten, Nicole

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the function of code-switching in talking about absent third parties. The basis for the investigation is a corpus of sociolinguistic individual and group interviews with German immigrants in the US and American immigrants in Germany. In these interviews, the interviewees are asked to recount their migration experiences and their lives before and after migration. For each individual speaker, the interviewer and – in the group interviews – the other participants in the group are, on the one hand, potentially 'sympathetic' fellow migrants. On the other hand, however, they are potentially problematic figures, because talking about absent third parties means that these third parties might share characteristics with the interviewer or the others in the group. Talking about third parties can, thus, be face-threatening for both the interviewer and the interviewees. In the analyses presented in this article, we identify how speakers employ English-to-German code-switching when it comes to verbalizing others – specifically members of home and host cultures – in discourse and how they position themselves and their audience in relation to them.

  4. Balancing platform control and external contribution in third-party development: the boundary resources model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghazawneh, Ahmad; Henfridsson, Ola

    2013-01-01

    Prior research documents the significance of using platform boundary resources (e.g. application programming interfaces) for cultivating platform ecosystems through third-party development. However, there are few, if any, theoretical accounts of this relationship. To this end, this paper proposes...

  5. 37 CFR 401.12 - Licensing of background patent rights to third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Licensing of background... SECRETARY FOR TECHNOLOGY POLICY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE BY NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS... Licensing of background patent rights to third parties. (a) A funding agreement with a small business firm...

  6. Multinationals' accountability on sustainability: the evolution of third-party assurance of sustainability reports

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Perego, P.; Kolk, A.

    2012-01-01

    In this article we explore how multinational corporations (MNCs) adopt assurance practices to develop and sustain organizational accountability for sustainability. Using a panel of Fortune Global 250 firms over a period of 10 years, we document the diffusion patterns of third-party assurance of sust

  7. Multinationals' accountability on sustainability: the evolution of third-party assurance of sustainability reports

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Perego, P.; Kolk, A.

    2012-01-01

    In this article we explore how multinational corporations (MNCs) adopt assurance practices to develop and sustain organizational accountability for sustainability. Using a panel of Fortune Global 250 firms over a period of 10 years, we document the diffusion patterns of third-party assurance of

  8. Use and Impact of Informal Third-Party Discussions in Interpersonal Conflicts at Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volkema, Roger J.; Bergmann, Thomas J.; Farquhar, Katherine

    1997-01-01

    States that interpersonal conflicts in the workplace frequently involve conversations with coworkers and outsiders. Examines informal third-party discussions in the workplace, as described by 396 professionals attending graduate business programs and executive seminars. Indicates that conflict intensity and relative power are likely to affect the…

  9. A Probe into the Third-party Intervention Mode in Environmental Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨儒石; 李悦; 郗敏; 孔范龙; 吴玉光

    2010-01-01

    In environmental management,the absence and offside of the government,enterprises carry heavy burden,all these phenomena require a third-party to exercise part of the power instead of the government or the enterprises and also take on part of their responsibility.

  10. 78 FR 23918 - Request for Information Regarding Third Party Testing for Lead Content, Phthalate Content, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION Request for Information Regarding Third Party Testing for Lead Content, Phthalate Content, and the Solubility of the Eight Elements Listed in ASTM F963-11 Correction In notice document 2013-8858 appearing...

  11. The Spies We Trust: Third Party Service Providers and Law Enforcement Surveillance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soghoian, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    Telecommunications carriers and service providers now play an essential role in facilitating modern surveillance by law enforcement agencies. The police merely select the individuals to be monitored, while the actual surveillance is performed by third parties: often the same email providers, search engines and telephone companies to whom consumers…

  12. Study evaluating the status quo and the legal implications of third party liability for the European Security Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergkamp, L.; Faure, M.G.; Hinteregger, M.; Philipsen, N.J.

    2013-01-01

    Third party liability has been identified as an issue that could adversely impact the European security industry. Limitless third party liability for security product and services is believed to have the potential to reduce investments in innovation. In the US, the Safety Act (discussed in this

  13. 75 FR 70911 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Children's Sleepwear, Sizes 0 Through 6X and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-19

    ... manufacturer, private labeler, or other interested party to hide or exert undue influence over the third party... nation; The third party conformity assessment body's testing results are not subject to undue influence... undue influence over other governmental authorities on matters affecting its operations or on decisions...

  14. 77 FR 40413 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-09

    ... 101 Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric... 101 Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric... of its current market-based rate regulations, ancillary services requirements under the pro forma...

  15. Analysis of third-party certification approaches using an occupational health and safety conformity-assessment model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redinger, C F; Levine, S P

    1998-11-01

    The occupational health and safety conformity-assessment model presented in this article was developed (1) to analyze 22 public and private programs to determine the extent to which these programs use third parties in conformity-assessment determinations, and (2) to establish a framework to guide future policy developments related to the use of third parties in occupational health and safety conformity-assessment activities. The units of analysis for this study included select Occupational Safety and Health Administration programs and standards, International Organization for Standardization-based standards and guidelines, and standards and guidelines developed by nongovernmental bodies. The model is based on a 15-cell matrix that categorizes first-, second-, and third-party activities in terms of assessment, accreditation, and accreditation-recognition activities. The third-party component of the model has three categories: industrial hygiene/safety testing and sampling; product, equipment, and laboratory certification; and, occupational health and safety management system registration/certification. Using the model, 16 of the 22 programs were found to have a third-party component in their conformity-assessment structure. The analysis revealed that (1) the model provides a useful means to describe and analyze various third-party approaches, (2) the model needs modification to capture aspects of traditional governmental conformity-assessment/enforcement activities, and (3) several existing third-party conformity-assessment systems offer robust models that can guide future third-party policy formulation and implementation activities.

  16. Study evaluating the status quo and the legal implications of third party liability for the European Security Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergkamp, L.; Faure, M.G.; Hinteregger, M.; Philipsen, N.J.

    2013-01-01

    Third party liability has been identified as an issue that could adversely impact the European security industry. Limitless third party liability for security product and services is believed to have the potential to reduce investments in innovation. In the US, the Safety Act (discussed in this stud

  17. Using Third-Party Inspectors in Building Energy Codes Enforcement in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Kumar, Pradeep; Van Wie, Laura; Bhatt, Vatsal

    2013-01-31

    India is experiencing fast income growth and urbanization, and this leads to unprecedented increases in demand for building energy services and resulting energy consumption. In response to rapid growth in building energy use, the Government of India issued the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007, which is consistent with and based on the 2001 Energy Conservation Act. ECBC implementation has been voluntary since its enactment and a few states have started to make progress towards mandatory implementation. Rajasthan is the first state in India to adopt ECBC as a mandatory code. The State adopted ECBC with minor additions on March 28, 2011 through a stakeholder process; it became mandatory in Rajasthan on September 28, 2011. Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh have started to draft an implementation roadmap and build capacity for its implementation. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) plans to encourage more states to adopt ECBC in the near future, including Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, West Bengal, and Delhi. Since its inception, India has applied the code on a voluntary basis, but the Government of India is developing a strategy to mandate compliance. Implementing ECBC requires coordination between the Ministry of Power and the Ministry of Urban Development at the national level as well as interdepartmental coordination at the state level. One challenge is that the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), the enforcement entities of building by-laws, lack capacity to implement ECBC effectively. For example, ULBs in some states might find the building permitting procedures to be too complex; in other cases, lack of awareness and technical knowledge on ECBC slows down the amendment of local building by-laws as well as ECBC implementation. The intent of this white paper is to share with Indian decision-makers code enforcement approaches: through code officials, third-party inspectors, or a hybrid approach. Given the limited capacity and human

  18. Third parties, violence, and conflict resolution: the role of group size and collective action in the microregulation of violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Mark; Taylor, Paul J; Best, Rachel

    2011-03-01

    Although researchers know much about the causes of aggression, they know surprisingly little about how aggression leads to violence or how violence is controlled. To explore the microregulation of violence, we conducted a systematic behavioral analysis of footage from closed-circuit television surveillance of public spaces. Using 42 incidents involving 312 people, we compared aggressive incidents that ended in violence with those that did not. Behaviors of antagonists and third parties were coded as either escalating or conciliatory acts. Results showed that third parties were more likely to take conciliatory actions than to escalate violence and that this tendency increased as group size increased. This analysis revealed a pattern of third-party behaviors that prevent aggression from becoming violent and showed that conciliatory behaviors are more successful when carried out by multiple third parties than when carried out by one person. We conclude by emphasizing the importance of collective third-party dynamics in understanding conflict resolution.

  19. Third party interference monitoring based on distributed fiber sensor and field trail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cai, Yongjun; Tan, Dongjie; Juan, Zheng; Wang, Likun; Chen, Pengchao [PetroChina Pipeline R and D Center (China)

    2009-07-01

    This paper describes a novel pipeline third party interference (TPI) monitoring system, which detects micro vibration along pipeline, through fiber cable laying in one ditch. A special optical path was designed by redundant optical fiber cores among fiber cable. This new sensor technology detects illegal excavation through detect phase changes. This innovative signal analysis technology avoids the disturbance of light intensity fluctuation and phase fading. Excavator, digging and impact of freely falling body were used to test this pipeline monitoring system. Different type of cable, such as straight buried cable, steel wire armored cable and silicone tube, were all test in order to test sensitivity. Field trail shows that this system can detect, alarm and. locate different third party interference along pipeline. (author)

  20. System dynamics research of remanufacturing closed-loop supply chain dominated by the third party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miao, Shidi; Wang, Tengfei; Chen, Deyun

    2017-01-01

    With the rapid development of the electronic information industry in recent years, electronic products are being updated faster and faster, and e-waste recycling has become a common problem around the world. Firstly, this article contrasts recycling at home and abroad using the predicament of Midea Corp. Based on a closed-loop supply chain with the system dynamics method, a model is constructed and simulated. In this model, the collection point coverage rate is introduced to adjust the e-waste recycling rate dynamically. Aiming at a recycling mode dominated by the third party of the closed-loop supply chain, the article mainly discusses the impact on the sales rate and market share of the recycling model by third-party enterprises and compares the total revenue of all supply chains. Simulation results show that the model is more effective and optimal than the traditional recycling model.

  1. Third-party Reverse logistics platform and method Based on Bilateral Resource Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng Hong Zhen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dispersion of reverse logistics resources makes it difficult to create relationships between demanders and providers, thereby the personalized demand for the construction of enterprise reverse logistics cannot be satisfied and the service quality cannot be guaranteed. Aiming at these problems, this paper presents a platform and method of enterprise reverse logistics based on bilateral resource integration (RLBRI. The method creates a third-party reverse logistics platform to accumulate a mass of reverse logistics demanders and providers together. And the platform integrates bilateral resources and acts as an intermediary to establish relationships between two sides. Through the platform, a complete and high-quality business chain for enterprise reverse logistics will be built efficiently. Finally put forward an effective strategy of non-defective reverse logistics depends on the integrity checking service provided by third-party logistics. By using this strategy it can short the distance of non-defective reverse transportation. Computational tests validate the strategy.

  2. What's in a name? Variations in terminology of third-party reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beeson, Diane; Darnovsky, Marcy; Lippman, Abby

    2015-12-01

    The terminology used to discuss third-party reproduction, as with other new biomedical processes, can ease or impede communication and even influence behaviour. In an effort to sensitize analysts and stakeholders to variations in terminology and to facilitate communication on issues arising from international surrogacy arrangements, this paper examines variations in terms used. We introduce some of the issues previously raised by scholars concerned with analysis of discourse related to third-party reproduction. We then survey the terms used in English-language discussions to denote specific actors, including 'surrogates,' 'intended parents,' gamete providers and children, as well as terms used to describe 'surrogacy arrangements.' We conclude with a discussion on navigating and negotiating the use of these various and value-laden terms.

  3. Properly Handling the Third Party Issues in Sino-U.S. Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The relationship between China and the United States is becoming increasingly important in the world; no longer is it limited to bilateral issues, and the third party issue has grown in significance. There are various kinds of third party countries.Some of these, such as Japan, South Korea, Australia and the European countries are U.S. allies. Some, like the central Asian and ASEAN states, are neighbors of China. In the category of major world powers we can also include Russia, India, Japan and the EU, while African and some Latin American countries are relatively marginalized. An important aspect of China's diplomacy in recent years has been to work hard on two fronts:to develop relations with the above mentioned countries, while at the same time taking note of the interests and concerns of the United States. China has achieved a successful balance between the two.

  4. An eco-solution for track & trace of goods and third party logistics

    OpenAIRE

    Roos, K.; West, M.; Chang, E.; Armstrong, B.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a new economic cost-effective solution known as the Web and telephony based method for tracking and tracing of goods and small and medium sized third party logistic providers. Considering that these companies usually operate on very flat margins, a comparison is made of the available track and trace technologies like GPS, mobile phone approximated GPS and Java based cell tracking in terms of costs, operating risks, and other evaluation criteria.

  5. The Role of Third-Party Logistics (3PL) Providers in Produce

    OpenAIRE

    Hinson, Roger A.

    2005-01-01

    Supply-Chain Management (SCM) reduces time requirements and costs from supply chains to improve profitability and/or competitiveness. These savings are possible through conceptual advances and increasing use of powerful computer hardware and software. The SCM concept is defined, and some considerations of its application in the produce area are discussed. Most applications and benefits have resulted from alliances between large retailers and large packaged-goods vendors. Third-party logistics...

  6. An Integrated Fuzzy Approach for Strategic Alliance Partner Selection in Third-Party Logistics

    OpenAIRE

    Burak Erkayman; Emin Gundogar; Aysegul Yılmaz

    2012-01-01

    Outsourcing some of the logistic activities is a useful strategy for companies in recent years. This makes it possible for firms to concentrate on their main issues and processes and presents facility to improve logistics performance, to reduce costs, and to improve quality. Therefore provider selection and evaluation in third-party logistics become important activities for companies. Making a strategic decision like this is significantly hard and crucial. In this study we proposed a fuzzy mu...

  7. Enactment of Third-Party Punishment by 4-Year-Olds

    OpenAIRE

    Kenward, Ben; Östh, Therese

    2012-01-01

    When prompted, preschoolers advocate punishment for moral transgressions against third parties, but little is known about whether and how they might act out such punishment. In this study, adult demonstrators enacted doll stories in which a perpetrator child doll made an unprovoked attack on a victim child doll, after which an adult doll punished either the perpetrator (consistent punishment) or victim (inconsistent punishment). When asked to help retell the story, given free choice of their ...

  8. Average Out-of-Pocket Expenses Across Different Drug Categories and Commercial Third-Party Payers

    OpenAIRE

    Lenderts, Susan; Kalali, Amir H.

    2010-01-01

    In this Trend Watch, we look at retail pharmacy prescriptions for branded and generic attention deficit hyperactivity disorder treatments, atypical antipsychotics, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors and analyze the average out-of-pocket costs incurred by patients who are covered by commercial third-party prescription plans (i.e., as opposed to patients covered by Medicaid or patients with no prescription coverage). Overall, patient ou...

  9. The Role of Third-Party Logistics (3PL) Providers in Produce

    OpenAIRE

    Hinson, Roger A.

    2005-01-01

    Supply-Chain Management (SCM) reduces time requirements and costs from supply chains to improve profitability and/or competitiveness. These savings are possible through conceptual advances and increasing use of powerful computer hardware and software. The SCM concept is defined, and some considerations of its application in the produce area are discussed. Most applications and benefits have resulted from alliances between large retailers and large packaged-goods vendors. Third-party logistics...

  10. Benchmarking the interactions among barriers in third-party logistics implementation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diabat, A.; Khreishah, A.; Govindan, Kannan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the interaction among some of the major barriers that may hinder the implementation of third-party logistics (TPL) in manufacturing industries. Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses an interpretive structural modeling (ISM) methodology to an...... and ports, and fear of employees of the firm, demonstrate both strong driving power and strong dependence power, as illustrated in the MICMAC analysis. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited....

  11. Banning reproductive travel: Turkey's ART legislation and third-party assisted reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gürtin, Zeynep B

    2011-11-01

    In March 2010, Turkey became the first country to legislate against the cross-border travel of its citizens seeking third-party reproductive assistance. Although the use of donor eggs, donor spermatozoa and surrogacy had been illegal in Turkey since the introduction of a regulatory framework for assisted reproductive treatment in 1987, men and women were free to access these treatments in other jurisdictions. In some cases, such travel for cross-border reproductive care (CBRC) was even facilitated by sophisticated arrangements between IVF clinics in Turkey and in other countries, particularly in Cyprus. However, new amendments to Turkey's assisted reproduction legislation specifically forbid travel for the purposes of third-party assisted reproduction. This article outlines the cultural context of assisted reproductive treatment in Turkey; details the Turkish assisted reproduction legislation, particularly as it pertains to third-party reproductive assistance; explores Turkish attitudes towards donor gametes and surrogacy; assesses the existence and extent of CBRC prior to March 2010; and discusses some of the legal, ethical and practical implications of the new legislation. As CBRC becomes an increasingly pertinent issue, eliciting debate and discussion at both national and international levels, it is important to carefully consider the particular circumstances and potential consequences of this unique example.

  12. The effect of altruistic tendency on fairness in third-party punishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Lu; Tan, Peishan; Cheng, You; Chen, Jingwei; Qu, Chen

    2015-01-01

    Third-party punishment, as an altruistic behavior, was found to relate to inequity aversion in previous research. Previous researchers have found that altruistic tendencies, as an individual difference, can affect resource division. Here, using the event-related potential (ERP) technique and a third-party punishment of dictator game paradigm, we explored third-party punishments in high and low altruists and recorded their EEG data. Behavioral results showed high altruists (vs. low altruists) were more likely to punish the dictators in unfair offers. ERP results revealed that patterns of medial frontal negativity (MFN) were modulated by unfairness. For high altruists, high unfair offers (90:10) elicited a larger MFN than medium unfair offers (70:30) and fair offers (50:50). By contrast, for low altruists, fair offers elicited larger MFN while high unfair offers caused the minimal MFN. It is suggested that the altruistic tendency effect influences fairness consideration in the early stage of evaluation. Moreover, the results provide further neuroscience evidence for inequity aversion.

  13. Third-party reproduction in the Internet Age: the new, patient-centered landscape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, Julia T

    2015-09-01

    The rise of the Internet Age has brought a host of sweeping changes to the landscape of third-party reproduction. What began as a dyadic relationship between doctor and patient has evolved into a more complex system in which patients are able to access information online from a variety of external sources. Patients often seek to play a more active role in their third-party reproductive care, and the Internet allows them to do so. Further, demand for both medical and psychosocial information about donors and donor-conceived siblings, available online through patient forums and genetic registries, has altered the perception of gamete donation from a one-time event to an ongoing relationship. The advantages and disadvantages for patients and providers of this freer flow of information between third-party participants are examined. Search motivations of recipients and offspring, as well as types of information sought, are detailed. Recommendations are made regarding strategies fertility programs can use to optimally support their patients and navigate this new landscape.

  14. 1- and 2-year-olds' expectations about third-party communicative actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorgrimsson, Gudmundur B; Fawcett, Christine; Liszkowski, Ulf

    2015-05-01

    Infants expect people to direct actions toward objects, and they respond to actions directed to themselves, but do they have expectations about actions directed to third parties? In two experiments, we used eye tracking to investigate 1- and 2-year-olds' expectations about communicative actions addressed to a third party. Experiment 1 presented infants with videos where an adult (the Emitter) either uttered a sentence or produced non-speech sounds. The Emitter was either face-to-face with another adult (the Recipient) or the two were back-to-back. The Recipient did not respond to any of the sounds. We found that 2-, but not 1-year-olds looked quicker and longer at the Recipient following speech than non-speech, suggesting that they expected her to respond to speech. These effects were specific to the face-to-face context. Experiment 2 presented 1-year-olds with similar face-to-face exchanges but modified to engage infants and minimize task demands. The infants looked quicker to the Recipient following speech than non-speech, suggesting that they expected a response to speech. The study suggests that by 1 year of age infants expect communicative actions to be directed at a third-party listener.

  15. The effect of altruistic tendency on fairness in third-party punishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Lu; Tan, Peishan; Cheng, You; Chen, Jingwei; Qu, Chen

    2015-01-01

    Third-party punishment, as an altruistic behavior, was found to relate to inequity aversion in previous research. Previous researchers have found that altruistic tendencies, as an individual difference, can affect resource division. Here, using the event-related potential (ERP) technique and a third-party punishment of dictator game paradigm, we explored third-party punishments in high and low altruists and recorded their EEG data. Behavioral results showed high altruists (vs. low altruists) were more likely to punish the dictators in unfair offers. ERP results revealed that patterns of medial frontal negativity (MFN) were modulated by unfairness. For high altruists, high unfair offers (90:10) elicited a larger MFN than medium unfair offers (70:30) and fair offers (50:50). By contrast, for low altruists, fair offers elicited larger MFN while high unfair offers caused the minimal MFN. It is suggested that the altruistic tendency effect influences fairness consideration in the early stage of evaluation. Moreover, the results provide further neuroscience evidence for inequity aversion. PMID:26191009

  16. 第三方支付研究综述%Review of Research on the Third-Party Payment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平; 余运伟; 陈林

    2016-01-01

    With the rapid development of Internet finance, the importance of the third party payment is increasing day by day. After briefly introducing the concepts of third-party payment, the background of the emergence of third-party payment as well as its application scenarios, this paper systematically reviews the domestic and international related researches on the third-party payment and mobile payment, mainly including the game behaviors among the third-party payment institutions, the user behavior for third-party payment and its influencing factors, as well as the risk, regulation, innovation, and the development trend of third-party payment industry.%随着互联网金融的快速发展,第三方支付的重要性与日俱增。简要介绍了第三方支付的相关概念、兴起的背景和应用场景。系统回顾了国内外关于第三方支付和移动支付的相关内容,主要包括第三方支付企业之间的博弈行为、第三方支付的用户行为及其影响因素、第三方付支付的风险与监管、创新与发展趋势等研究成果。

  17. Observing Third-Party Attentional Relationships Affects Infants' Gaze Following: An Eye-Tracking Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Xianwei; Uto, Yusuke; Hashiya, Kazuhide

    2017-01-01

    Not only responding to direct social actions toward themselves, infants also pay attention to relevant information from third-party interactions. However, it is unclear whether and how infants recognize the structure of these interactions. The current study aimed to investigate how infants' observation of third-party attentional relationships influence their subsequent gaze following. Nine-month-old, 1-year-old, and 1.5-year-old infants (N = 72, 37 girls) observed video clips in which a female actor gazed at one of two toys after she and her partner either silently faced each other (face-to-face condition) or looked in opposite directions (back-to-back condition). An eye tracker was used to record the infants' looking behavior (e.g., looking time, looking frequency). The analyses revealed that younger infants followed the actor's gaze toward the target object in both conditions, but this was not the case for the 1.5-year-old infants in the back-to-back condition. Furthermore, we found that infants' gaze following could be negatively predicted by their expectation of the partner's response to the actor's head turn (i.e., they shift their gaze toward the partner immediately after they realize that the actor's head will turn). These findings suggested that the sensitivity to the difference in knowledge and attentional states in the second year of human life could be extended to third-party interactions, even without any direct involvement in the situation. Additionally, a spontaneous concern with the epistemic gap between self and other, as well as between others, develops by this age. These processes might be considered part of the fundamental basis for human communication.

  18. EPR statistical mixture of correlated states with fractional brownian process induced by third party interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Tamburini, F; Bianchini, A

    1999-01-01

    A time-correlated EPR pairs protocol is analized, based on detection of fractal correlated signals into a statistical mixture of EPR correlated pairs: an approximated alpha-Fractional Brownian Motion (FBM) is induced on the group of EPR pairs (e.g. by sender-third party eavesdropper-like interactions as in Ekert quantum cryptography), to be detected by the receiver using a non - orthogonal wavelet filter, able to characterize the FBM from a noisy enviroment by formalizing a nonlinear optimization problem for the FBM alpha-characteristic parameter extimation.

  19. The Effect of Differing Third Party Roles and Behaviors on Conciliatory and Retaliatory Negotiator Behavior Involved in a Simulated Intergroup Conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, W. Frank; And Others

    Little experimental research exists concerning third party mediation. Possible dimensions for study are type of control, including outcome control (of the third party over negotiation outcomes) and process control (third party influence on the negotiation process); and type of intervention, i.e., process or issue oriented interventions. To examine…

  20. 49 CFR Appendix F to Part 236 - Minimum Requirements of FRA Directed Independent Third-Party Assessment of PTC System Safety...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Third-Party Assessment of PTC System Safety Verification and Validation F Appendix F to Part 236... F to Part 236—Minimum Requirements of FRA Directed Independent Third-Party Assessment of PTC System... independent third-party assessment of PTC system safety verification and validation pursuant to subpart H or I...

  1. Followup Audit: DoD Military Treatment Facilities Continue to Miss Opportunities to Collect on Third Party Outpatient Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-24

    Objective Our objective was to determine whether Military Treatment Facility (MTF) officials collected outpatient third party health insurance claims as...outpatient claims worth $21.7 million that remains uncollected for FY 2012 through FY 2014. This also increased the risk of healthcare billing fraud , waste...health insurance claims as agreed to in Recommendation 1.b of DoD IG Report No. D-2007-108, “Outpatient Third Party Collection Program,” July 18, 2007

  2. Understanding the adoption of third-party online payment : An empirical study of user acceptance of Alipay in China

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Rui; Xie, Junsheng

    2014-01-01

    With the development of online shopping, the number of third-party online payment systems increases. Alipay is a commonly used third-party online payment system among Chinese consumers. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that affect the users’ acceptance of Alipay among Chinese B2C customers. This study adopts a deductive, theory testing approach. Based on the model of Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), a research model and hypotheses were proposed. ...

  3. The ICF and third-party disability: its application to spouses of older people with hearing impairment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarinci, Nerina; Worrall, Linda; Hickson, Louise

    2009-01-01

    Third-party disability is defined as the disability of family members due to the health condition of their significant other and was identified as a direction for future development by the World Health Organization in 2001. The aim of this article is to identify the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) domains and categories that describe third-party disability of spouses of older people with hearing impairment. Ten spouses of older people with hearing impairment participated in individual semi-structured in-depth interviews. Themes identified by participants were linked according to ICF instructions to deliver a set of ICF category codes relevant to the study of third-party disability in spouses of older people with hearing impairment. A total of 18 themes and 50 sub-themes emerged from analysis of the interviews. The majority of these themes were able to be linked to the ICF, with the majority linking to codes in the activities and participation component. A number of contextual factors also emerged in the interviews that impacted on the spouses' third-party disability. Difficulties arose when attempting to link themes to the body function component. The ICF appears to be a useful tool in describing the effects of hearing impairment on the significant other; however, further research is necessary to clarify the applicability of some codes to third-party disability, especially the relevance of body functions to third-party disability.

  4. Managing water utility financial risks through third-party index insurance contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeff, Harrison B.; Characklis, Gregory W.

    2013-08-01

    As developing new supply capacity has become increasingly expensive and difficult to permit (i.e., regulatory approval), utilities have become more reliant on temporary demand management programs, such as outdoor water use restrictions, for ensuring reliability during drought. However, a significant fraction of water utility income is often derived from the volumetric sale of water, and such restrictions can lead to substantial revenue losses. Given that many utilities set prices at levels commensurate with recovering costs, these revenue losses can leave them financially vulnerable to budgetary shortfalls. This work explores approaches for mitigating drought-related revenue losses through the use of third-party financial insurance contracts based on streamflow indices. Two different types of contracts are developed, and their efficacy is compared against two more traditional forms of financial hedging used by water utilities: Drought surcharges and contingency funds (i.e., self-insurance). Strategies involving each of these approaches, as well as their use in combination, are applied under conditions facing the water utility serving Durham, North Carolina. A multireservoir model provides information on the scale and timing of droughts, and the financial effects of these events are simulated using detailed data derived from utility billing records. Results suggest that third-party index insurance contracts, either independently or in combination with more traditional hedging tools, can provide an effective means of reducing a utility's financial vulnerability to drought.

  5. I/You: Reciprocity, Gift-giving, and the Third Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Hénaff

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay first examines the issue of intersubjectivity in terms of the paradigmatic relationship between I and You. From a grammaticalstandpoint this relationship seems asymmetrical as well as necessarilyperformative: I implies the speech act of the speaker. You exists only as I's interlocutor. This helps us understand the very different status of what is called the 3rd person--and which would more accurately be called a nonperson, as Benveniste explains. This nonperson marks the position of a Third Party. I propose to show that the same Third Party--whether a living being or a thing--is also involved in the traditional ceremonial gift-exchange relationship discussed by Marcel Mauss. The relationship between the partners in gift-exchange is mediated by the being or the thing given, which isfor the recipient a token and substitute of the giver. What this involves is the reciprocal public recognition of the partners. In modern societies this function is performed by the law and by the institutions of the arbiter-State as they emerged in the formation of the Greek city.

  6. The effect of third-party payers on the clinical decision making of physical therapists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uili, R M; Wood, R

    1995-04-01

    According to Freidson, third-party payers have eroded the political and economic authority of medicine. To what extent is this also true for alternative practitioners such as physical therapists? The effect of Medicare's restrictive guidelines on physical therapy practice in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) is examined. SNF physical therapists in Connecticut were surveyed (response rate 99%) using a mixture of open-ended and fixed-alternative responses. Results indicate that SNF physical therapists recognize Medicare criteria and view them as important. Twenty-five to 33% of SNF therapists recommend care based on the guidelines. Younger therapists, therapists with fewer years in the field, and contract therapists are more greatly influenced by the guidelines than older, more experienced, staff therapists (P < 0.08). Those who recommend care based on the guidelines may do so because of possible nonpayment for services already rendered, or because they fear loss of their positions. The majority of Connecticut SNF patients who qualify do receive therapy and Medicare coverage. Therapists may use their knowledge of the guidelines to secure services for their patients, or SNFs may be selecting patients that have the best chances for recovery. Like physicians, SNF physical therapists are under pressure from third-party payers to economize and rationalize, but most continue to secure services for their patients.

  7. Development of in-group favoritism in children's third-party punishment of selfishness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Jillian J; McAuliffe, Katherine; Warneken, Felix

    2014-09-02

    When enforcing norms for cooperative behavior, human adults sometimes exhibit in-group bias. For example, third-party observers punish selfish behaviors committed by out-group members more harshly than similar behaviors committed by in-group members. Although evidence suggests that children begin to systematically punish selfish behavior around the age of 6 y, the development of in-group bias in their punishment remains unknown. Do children start off enforcing fairness norms impartially, or is norm enforcement biased from its emergence? How does bias change over development? Here, we created novel social groups in the laboratory and gave 6- and 8-year-olds the opportunity to engage in costly third-party punishment of selfish sharing behavior. We found that by age 6, punishment was already biased: Selfish resource allocations received more punishment when they were proposed by out-group members and when they disadvantaged in-group members. We also found that although costly punishment increased between ages 6 and 8, bias in punishment partially decreased. Although 8-y-olds also punished selfish out-group members more harshly, they were equally likely to punish on behalf of disadvantaged in-group and out-group members, perhaps reflecting efforts to enforce norms impartially. Taken together, our results suggest that norm enforcement is biased from its emergence, but that this bias can be partially overcome through developmental change.

  8. Parsing the Behavioral and Brain Mechanisms of Third-Party Punishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnie, Richard J.; Hoffman, Morris B.; Shen, Francis X.; Simons, Kenneth W.

    2016-01-01

    The evolved capacity for third-party punishment is considered crucial to the emergence and maintenance of elaborate human social organization and is central to the modern provision of fairness and justice within society. Although it is well established that the mental state of the offender and the severity of the harm he caused are the two primary predictors of punishment decisions, the precise cognitive and brain mechanisms by which these distinct components are evaluated and integrated into a punishment decision are poorly understood. Using fMRI, here we implement a novel experimental design to functionally dissociate the mechanisms underlying evaluation, integration, and decision that were conflated in previous studies of third-party punishment. Behaviorally, the punishment decision is primarily defined by a superadditive interaction between harm and mental state, with subjects weighing the interaction factor more than the single factors of harm and mental state. On a neural level, evaluation of harms engaged brain areas associated with affective and somatosensory processing, whereas mental state evaluation primarily recruited circuitry involved in mentalization. Harm and mental state evaluations are integrated in medial prefrontal and posterior cingulate structures, with the amygdala acting as a pivotal hub of the interaction between harm and mental state. This integrated information is used by the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex at the time of the decision to assign an appropriate punishment through a distributed coding system. Together, these findings provide a blueprint of the brain mechanisms by which neutral third parties render punishment decisions. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Punishment undergirds large-scale cooperation and helps dispense criminal justice. Yet it is currently unknown precisely how people assess the mental states of offenders, evaluate the harms they caused, and integrate those two components into a single punishment decision. Using a

  9. The impact of payer-specific hospital case mix on hospital costs and revenues for third-party patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Keon-Hyung; Roh, M P H Chul-Young

    2007-02-01

    Competition among hospitals and managed care have forced hospital industry to be more efficient. With higher degrees of hospital competition and managed care penetration, hospitals have argued that the rate of increase in hospital cost is greater than the rate of increase in hospital revenue. By developing a payer-specific case mix index (CMI) for third-party patients, this paper examined the effect of hospital case mix on hospital cost and revenue for third-party patients in California using the hospital financial and utilization data covering 1986-1998. This study found that the coefficients for CMIs in the third-party hospital revenue model were greater than those in the hospital cost model until 1995. Since 1995, however, the coefficients for CMIs in the third-party hospital revenue model have been less than those in hospital cost models. Over time, the differences in coefficients for CMIs in hospital revenue and cost models for third-party patients have become smaller and smaller although those differences are statistically insignificant.

  10. Evaluation of the third-party mediation mechanism for medical disputes in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Min

    2011-09-01

    Medical disputes have been increasing in recent years in China, which cause growing tension between doctors and patients. In many locations, it has started as a practice of exploring diversified dispute settlement methods. Great importance has been attached to the non-lawsuit model through third-party mediation, which might have been led by professional organizations, insurance companies, People's Mediation Committees, or three-level governmental authorities. Those have contributed to a rapid effective resolution of medical disputes. However, there are some deficiencies that need to be addressed and fixed up, thus calling for improvement, such as the lack of a sustainable supporting mechanism, unclear legal status of the mediation institutions and mediation agreements, patching up a quarrel by only compensation.

  11. Innovation in an international third party logistics firm: A strategy-as-practice perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lianguang Cui

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Logistics firms play an important role in the economy but they have received little attention in strategic management and logistics management literature. This paper intends to fill in this gap by looking a specific strategising process, innovation, at an international third party logistics (TPL firm. Using strategy as a practice perspective, the paper describes and analyses how innovation emerges and evolves over time. Drawing on an in-depth longitudinal case study of an international TPL firm, this study shows that intra-organisational interactions as well as inter-organisational interactions are essential in the innovation process at logistics firms. The innovation process at logistics firms is complicated and includes both top-down and bottom-up processes. It is vertically decoupled and multidirectional. Innovation at logistics firms emerges as a combination of an ad hoc response to a customer request and a purpose-driven interactive process.

  12. Multiparty quantum private comparison with almost dishonest third parties for strangers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Shih-Min; Hwang, Sheng-Liang; Hwang, Tzonelih; Kao, Shih-Hung

    2017-02-01

    This study explores a new security problem existing in various state-of-the-art quantum private comparison (QPC) protocols, where a malicious third-party (TP) announces fake comparison (or intermediate) results. In this case, the participants could eventually be led to a wrong direction and the QPC will become fraudulent. In order to resolve this problem, a new QPC protocol is proposed, where a second TP is introduced to monitor the first one. Once a TP announces a fake comparison (or intermediate) result, participants can detect the fraud immediately. Besides, due to the introduction of the second TP, the proposed protocol allows strangers to compare their secrets privately, whereas the state-of-the-art QPCs require the involved clients to know each other before running the protocol.

  13. A grey DEMATEL approach to develop third-party logistics provider selection criteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Govindan, Kannan; Khodaverdi, Roohollah; Vafadarnikjoo, Amin

    2016-01-01

    Purpose - Third-party logistics (3PL) plays a main role in supply chain management and, as a result, has experienced remarkable growth. The demand for 3PL providers has become a main approach for companies to offer better customer service, reduce costs, and gain competitive advantage. This paper...... identifies important criteria for 3PL provider selection and evaluation, and the purpose of this paper is to select 3PL providers from the viewpoint of firms which were already outsourcing their logistics services. Design/methodology/approach - This study utilized the grey decision-making trial...... - The paper's results help managers of automotive industries, particularly in developing countries, to outsource logistics activities to 3PL providers effectively and to create a significant competitive advantage. Originality/value - The main contributions of this paper are twofold. First, this paper proposes...

  14. An Integrated Fuzzy Approach for Strategic Alliance Partner Selection in Third-Party Logistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burak Erkayman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Outsourcing some of the logistic activities is a useful strategy for companies in recent years. This makes it possible for firms to concentrate on their main issues and processes and presents facility to improve logistics performance, to reduce costs, and to improve quality. Therefore provider selection and evaluation in third-party logistics become important activities for companies. Making a strategic decision like this is significantly hard and crucial. In this study we proposed a fuzzy multicriteria decision making (MCDM approach to effectively select the most appropriate provider. First we identify the provider selection criteria and build the hierarchical structure of decision model. After building the hierarchical structure we determined the selection criteria weights by using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP technique. Then we applied fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS to obtain final rankings for providers. And finally an illustrative example is also given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model.

  15. Determinants of Scale Efficiency in the Brazilian Third-Party Logistics Industry from 2001 to 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter F. Wanke

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the Brazilian third-party logistics (3PL sector which, increasingly competitive, offers clients a wide variety of services/information technologies in the quest to bolster efficiency. The main research objective is to determine which variables significantly impact 3PLs scale efficiency by applying two-stage DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis. Based on an unbalanced panel model, data from the annual study published by Revista Tecnologística (years 2001–2009 were analyzed. Results corroborate evidence in the literature that coordination mechanisms in the supply chain, supported by the availability of real time information and inventory synchronization, favor a more rational allocation of resources (inputs to client demands (outputs.

  16. THIRD PARTY LOGISTIC SERVICE PROVIDER SELECTION USING FUZZY AHP AND TOPSIS METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golam Kabir

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of third party logistic(3PL services providers is increasing globally to accomplish the strategic objectives. In the increasingly competitive environment, logistics strategic management requires systematic and structured approach to have cutting edge over the rival. Logistics service provider selection is a complex multi-criteria decision making process; in which, decision makers have to deals with the optimization of conflicting objectives such as quality, cost, and delivery time. In this paper, fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP approach based on technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS method has been proposed for evaluating and selecting an appropriate logistics service provider, where the ratings of each alternative and importance weight of each criterion are expressed in triangular fuzzy numbers.

  17. Preverbal Infants Infer Third-Party Social Relationships Based on Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liberman, Zoe; Woodward, Amanda L; Kinzler, Katherine D

    2016-07-29

    Language provides rich social information about its speakers. For instance, adults and children make inferences about a speaker's social identity, geographic origins, and group membership based on her language and accent. Although infants prefer speakers of familiar languages (Kinzler, Dupoux, & Spelke, 2007), little is known about the developmental origins of humans' sensitivity to language as marker of social identity. We investigated whether 9-month-olds use the language a person speaks as an indicator of that person's likely social relationships. Infants were familiarized with videos of two people who spoke the same or different languages, and then viewed test videos of those two individuals affiliating or disengaging. Results suggest that infants expected two people who spoke the same language to be more likely to affiliate than two people who spoke different languages. Thus, infants view language as a meaningful social marker and use language to make inferences about third-party social relationships.

  18. Reuse Intention of Third-Party Online Payments: A Focus on the Sustainable Factors of Alipay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongrok Choi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available An anonymous transaction environment and the advantage of virtual property have resulted in trust playing an important role in the rapid growth of online shopping in China. To satisfy this trust issue, Alibaba (China Co., Ltd. (Hangzhou, China invented Alipay, the largest third-party online payment service. Using a structural equation model (SEM, this paper attempts to determine whether Alipay’s service quality factors are truly sustainable. The results indicate that only two of five factors—convenience and security—are significantly mediated by the sustainable performance of customer satisfaction as a mediator. The other three factors—usefulness, responsiveness and economy—were rejected for the role of customer satisfaction, even if they are accepted regarding the direct effect on reuse intention. This result implies that Chinese web companies need to make greater efforts not to ensure initial success, but instead to ensure sustainable performance.

  19. An Integrated Fuzzy Approach for Strategic Alliance Partner Selection in Third-Party Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gundogar, Emin; Yılmaz, Aysegul

    2012-01-01

    Outsourcing some of the logistic activities is a useful strategy for companies in recent years. This makes it possible for firms to concentrate on their main issues and processes and presents facility to improve logistics performance, to reduce costs, and to improve quality. Therefore provider selection and evaluation in third-party logistics become important activities for companies. Making a strategic decision like this is significantly hard and crucial. In this study we proposed a fuzzy multicriteria decision making (MCDM) approach to effectively select the most appropriate provider. First we identify the provider selection criteria and build the hierarchical structure of decision model. After building the hierarchical structure we determined the selection criteria weights by using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP) technique. Then we applied fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) to obtain final rankings for providers. And finally an illustrative example is also given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model. PMID:23365520

  20. Integration of DEMATEL, ANP and DEA methods for third party logistics providers’ selection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esra Aytaç Adalı

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In a competitive environment many companies usually outsource their logistics functions to the Third Party Logistics (TPL providers to focus on their core businesses. However, the selection of proper TPL provider is not an easy task because of conflicting quantitative and qualitative criteria. This study presents an integrated model based on three well-known methods with Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL, Analytical Network Process (ANP and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA for the evaluation and selection of TPL providers. DEMATEL computes the effects between selection criteria while ANP derives the weights of each criterion related with TPL providers’ selection problem. Finally DEA presents a mathematical model for ranking TPL providers alternatives with respect to various criteria. The application of integrated model is demonstrated with a case study. The novelty of this study comes from the fact that there is no research in the literature integrating DEMATEL, ANP and DEA for the TPL selection problems.

  1. Evaluating the service quality of third-party logistics service providers using the analytic hierarchy process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soon-hoo So

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study we apply the analytic hierarchy process (AHP to evaluate the service quality of third-party logistics (3PL service providers. We first conceptualize five dimensions of 3PL service quality (i.e. tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance and empathy. We then apply the AHP method to determine the relative weights of the five service quality dimensions and eventually select the best 3PL service provider. To implement this idea in practice, we conduct an empirical case study on four companies providing 3PL services in Korea. The results indicate that Responsiveness out of the five service quality dimensions is the most important factor in the perception of 3PL customers.

  2. An integrated fuzzy approach for strategic alliance partner selection in third-party logistics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkayman, Burak; Gundogar, Emin; Yilmaz, Aysegul

    2012-01-01

    Outsourcing some of the logistic activities is a useful strategy for companies in recent years. This makes it possible for firms to concentrate on their main issues and processes and presents facility to improve logistics performance, to reduce costs, and to improve quality. Therefore provider selection and evaluation in third-party logistics become important activities for companies. Making a strategic decision like this is significantly hard and crucial. In this study we proposed a fuzzy multicriteria decision making (MCDM) approach to effectively select the most appropriate provider. First we identify the provider selection criteria and build the hierarchical structure of decision model. After building the hierarchical structure we determined the selection criteria weights by using fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP) technique. Then we applied fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) to obtain final rankings for providers. And finally an illustrative example is also given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model.

  3. Investigating the neural basis of empathy by EEG hyperscanning during a Third Party Punishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astolfi, Laura; Toppi, Jlenia; Casper, Chantal; Freitag, Christine; Mattia, Donatella; Babiloni, Fabio; Ciaramidaro, Angela; Siniatchkin, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The recently developed technique of hyperscanning consists of the simultaneous recording of brain activity from multiple subjects involved in social interaction. The multivariate analysis of data coming from different subjects allows to model a system made of multiple brains interacting, and to characterize it in relation with different processes at the basis of social cognition. In this study, we investigate the empathy established between two subjects during a Third Party Punishment paradigm, in terms of the properties of the multiple-brain network obtained from EEG hyperscanning. Preliminary results show that significantly different multiple-brain network structures characterize a social situation operated by a human agent with respect to a computer based condition, and that the different levels of empathy induced by a fair or unfair treatment received by one of the subjects are characterized by denser inter-subjects connectivity and lower divisibility in the two single brain networks.

  4. Role of Third Party Logistics Providers with Advanced it to Increase Customer Satisfaction in Supply Chain Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaryab Sheikh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main area of change in organizational strategy is the extensive use of third party logistics providers who are using advanced information technology tools and integration of supply chain to enhance customer satisfaction. By outsourcing the logistics operations, companies can focus on their core competencies and other important areas of organization which can’t be outsourced. The analysis of this paper is conducted by discussing different concepts of supply chain integration, customer satisfaction, advanced information technology and third party logistics providers, and their impact on customer satisfaction with theoretical framework. An analytical model is also presented.

  5. Third party losses in a comparative perspective Three short lectures in honour of W.H.V. Rogers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, C.C. van; Engelhard, Esther; Giesen, Ivo

    2007-01-01

    In honour of Horton Rogers, as the holder of the rotational G.J. Wiarda chair at Utrecht University, a symposium was held on 13 June 2007 concerning the right of third parties to compensation in cases of injury – one of the most provoking themes in tort law and the law of damages. The key question w

  6. Preferences for Third-Party Help in Workplace Conflict: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Chinese and Dutch Employees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giebels, Ellen; Yang, Huadong

    2009-01-01

    This study examines conflict parties’ preferences for different types of third-party help and how this may be influenced by cultural differences in terms of individualism/ collectivism. We focus our analysis on process-related nonsubstantive help and identify three types of thirdparty help in interp

  7. 77 FR 16036 - Guidance for Industry, Third Parties and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Medical Device ISO...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry, Third Parties and Food and Drug...--Requirements for regulatory purposes,'' (ISO 13485:2003) audit report provides FDA a degree of assurance of... GHTF founding members auditing systems include: The Canadian Medical Devices Conformity...

  8. 75 FR 52616 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Youth All-Terrain Vehicles: Requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-27

    ... manufacturer, private labeler, or other interested party to hide or exert undue influence over the third party... assessment body's testing results are not subject to undue influence by any other person, including another... conformity assessment body does not exercise undue influence over other governmental authorities on matters...

  9. 75 FR 51020 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Mattresses, Mattress Pads, and/or Mattress...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... manufacturer, private labeler, or other interested party to hide or exert undue influence over the third party... assessment body's testing results are not subject to undue influence by any other person, including another... conformity assessment body does not exercise undue influence over other governmental authorities on matters...

  10. 27 CFR 70.227 - Suspension of running of period of limitation; wrongful seizure of property of third party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Suspension of running of period of limitation; wrongful seizure of property of third party. 70.227 Section 70.227 Alcohol, Tobacco... Limitations § 70.227 Suspension of running of period of limitation; wrongful seizure of property of third...

  11. Interpersonal relationship and lay third parties' side-taking preference : A cross-cultural study among Chinese and Dutch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Huadong; Van de Vliert, Evert; Shi, Kan

    2007-01-01

    In two comparative studies, both conducted in China and in the Netherlands, we investigated the effect of an asymmetric relationship on lay third parties' side-taking preference in an interpersonal dispute. The first study shows that a perceived close relationship with one of the disputants motivate

  12. Interpersonal Relationship and Lay Third Parties' Side-Taking Preference : A Cross-Cultural Study Among Chinese and Dutch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Huadong; Vliert, van de Evert; Shi, Kan

    2007-01-01

    In two comparative studies, both conducted in China and in the Netherlands, we investigated the effect of an asymmetric relationship on lay third parties' side-taking preference in an interpersonal dispute. The first study shows that a perceived close relationship with one of the disputants motivate

  13. 78 FR 46177 - Third-Party Provision of Ancillary Services; Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... functions in the face of potential changes in the portfolio of generation resources and a growing interest... refer. Thus, WSPP contends that the market would be more efficient if the capacity and energy required... have a portfolio of resources, some owned and some purchased from third- parties, from which they...

  14. Sketching the outline of a ghost: the fair balance between copyright and fundamental rights in intermediary third party liability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Angelopoulos, C.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this article is to analyse the concept of a fair balance between conflicting fundamental rights in the context of intermediary liability for third party copyright infringement. Design/methodology/approach - European Legal Method. Findings - Fair balance is the appropriate

  15. Third party losses in a comparative perspective Three short lectures in honour of W.H.V. Rogers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, C.C. van; Engelhard, Esther; Giesen, Ivo

    2007-01-01

    In honour of Horton Rogers, as the holder of the rotational G.J. Wiarda chair at Utrecht University, a symposium was held on 13 June 2007 concerning the right of third parties to compensation in cases of injury – one of the most provoking themes in tort law and the law of damages. The key question

  16. Rolling back third-party intrusions in the practice of medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battistella, R M; Burchfield, D C

    2000-01-01

    Formerly vaunted projections about the triumph of managed care over the provider-controlled health services industry now appear overly optimistic as consumer and provider opposition stiffens. Popular dislike of managed care and purchaser disenchantment over its failure to deliver on promises to control health insurance spending have created a strategic opening for rolling back third-party interference in medical practice. Employer frustration over rising premiums, compounded by workers' antagonism toward benefits restrictions and worry over the loss of government protection against managed care litigation, signals a radical overhaul in the way health insurance is offered. For many employers, substituting defined contribution for defined benefit plans and transferring ownership rights and responsibilities to employees is an attractive solution. Along with the growth of consumer-friendly health plans and a relaxation of onerous managed care practices, physicians can look forward to a restored doctor-patient relationship. This article identifies the forces pushing health care purchasers to adopt defined contribution plans and discusses the implications of such a movement on the physician-patient relationship.

  17. Enhancing Security in Cloud Computing for Third Party Auditor by Self-destruction Mechanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzammil H. Mohammed

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The main aim study in cloud computing system, large amount of data can be maintained in the cloud storage system and it can be used for application based services for client. The bulk amount of data privacy will not be properly maintained by the cloud service provider. Without knowledge of authorized client, data can be viewed by another user with the permission of Cloud Service Provider (CSP. Many cryptography technique can be used for data privacy in the TPA (Third Party Auditor which is the trusted authority to audit and verify the integrity in cloud. The cloud loaded data can be viewed by authorized user and copy of data can be in tag based data placed in TPA and data privacy can be affected in TPA system. In the proposed system, data privacy can be maintained in the TPA view by using self destruction mechanism to destroy the data after the view point of data for particular time and then the viewed data copy can be destruction in TPA. The cloud service provider can be securely loading the data in cloud via TPA Server. The main advantage of the self destruction mechanism security for the data in cloud via TPA server without the permission of the particular authenticated client other user cannot viewed the individual client data. Then data privacy can be perfectly maintained in the cloud service.

  18. Defendants' liability for pure mental harm to third parties in Australia: still a work in progress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendelson, Danuta

    2009-10-01

    In Australia, both common and statutory law allows compensation for negligently occasioned recognised psychiatric injury, but distinguishes between pure mental harm and consequential mental harm. This column briefly discusses the concept of pure "mental harm" and the major Australian cases relating to defendants' liability to third parties for causing them pure mental harm (Jaensch v Coffey (1984) 155 CLR 549; Tame v New South Wales; Annetts v Australian Stations Pty Ltd (2002) 211 CLR 317; Sullivan v Moody (2001) 207 CLR 562; and Gifford v Strang Patrick Stevedoring Pty Ltd (2003) 214 CLR 269). The analysis focuses on judicial approaches to determining liability in these cases, especially causation. Lack of guiding principles and precise tests for attribution of liability are illustrated by Kemp v Lyell McEwin Health Service (2006) 96 SASR 192. This case is analysed first in the context of common law, and then in the light of the reform legislation contained in the Civil Liability Act 1936 (SA) and similar provisions in other jurisdictions.

  19. Revisiting impulsivity in suicide: implications for civil liability of third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, April R; Witte, Tracy K; Teale, Nadia E; King, Sarah L; Bender, Ted W; Joiner, Thomas E

    2008-01-01

    Previous research and popular conceptualizations of suicide have posited that many suicides are the result of impulsive, "on a whim" decisions. However, recent research demonstrates that most suicides are not attempted impulsively, and in fact involve a plan. Legally, suicide has historically been considered to be a superseding intervening cause of death that exonerates other parties from liability, but currently there are two general exceptions to this view. Specifically, another party may be found responsible for a suicide if that party either caused the suicide or failed in its duty to prevent the suicide from occurring. Both of these exceptions assume that the resulting suicide was foreseeable. Given that recent research has indicated that most suicides are planned, and thereby foreseeable to a certain extent under many circumstances, this article discusses issues of foreseeability as they pertain to litigation involving third party liability for the suicide of university students, prison inmates, and mental health patients. The authors contend that the surest way for universities, prison staff, and mental health practitioners to avoid being held liable for a suicide is to appropriately assess for suicidal intent.

  20. Models for measuring and predicting shareholder value: A study of third party software service providers

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    N Viswanadham; Poornima Luthra

    2005-04-01

    In this study, we use the strategic profit model (SPM) and the economic value-added (EVA to measure shareholder value). SPM measures the return on net worth (RONW) which is defined as the return on assets (ROA) multiplied by the financial leverage. EVA is defined as the firm’s net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT) minus the capital charge. Both, RONW and EVA provide an indication of how much shareholder value a firm creates for its shareholders, year on year. With the increasing focus on creation of shareholder value and core competencies, many companies are outsourcing their information technology (IT) related activities to third party software companies. Indian software companies have become leaders in providing these services. Companies from several other countries are also competing for the top slot. We use the SPM and EVA models to analyse the four listed players of the software industry using the publicly available published data. We compare the financial data obtained from the models, and use peer average data to provide customized recommendations for each company to improve their shareholder value. Assuming that the companies follow these rules, we also predict future RONW and EVA for the companies for the financial year 2005. Finally, we make several recommendations to software providers for effectively competing in the global arena.

  1. Integrity management of Brazil-Bolivia gas pipeline to reduce risks due third party damage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasconcellos, Carlos Renato Aragonez de; Monte, Oswaldo [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Colen, Eustaquio; Cunha, Roberto de Souza; Oliveira, Hudson Regis de [Transportadora Brasileira Gasoduto Bolivia-Brasil, S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Lima, Rogerio de Souza [RSL Consultoria Geoprojetos (Brazil); Schultz Neto, Walter [Milton Braga Assessoria Tecnica (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    The Bolivia-Brazil Natural Gas Pipeline has 2.600 kilometers from Rio Grande City in Bolivia to Canoas City, in the south of Brazil. The right-of-way crosses a lot of types of topography and areas subjected to various kinds of anthropological actions, like areas in class locations 3, locals under agricultural activities, forests and minerals explorations, and near constructions of highway and railway, industrial constructions, new pipelines in the same right-of -way, channels, dams, that requires special projects to avoid that the gas pipeline could be subject to strengths that were not consider in the original design. The aim of this paper is to present the jobs developed by TBG during seven years of gas pipeline operations, as public awareness program, procedures to design, construct and inspect specials constructions along and near the right-of -way, control of mineral and forest explorations, monitoring and controlling of excavations on the right-of-way to install new pipelines and optical cables, to reduce risks of gas pipeline damage due third party, as a component of TBG' Managing Integrity Gas Pipeline Program. (author)

  2. Evaluation of third-party reciprocity by squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) and the question of mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, James R; Bucher, Benoit; Kuroshima, Hika; Fujita, Kazuo

    2016-07-01

    Social evaluation during third-party interactions emerges early in human ontogeny, and it has been shown in adult capuchin monkeys who witness violations of reciprocity in object exchanges: Monkeys were less inclined to accept food from humans who refused to reciprocate with another human. A recent study reporting similar evidence in marmoset monkeys raised the possibility that such evaluations might be based on species' inherent cooperativeness. We tested a species not renowned for cooperativeness-squirrel monkeys-using the procedure used with marmosets and found a similar result. This finding rules out any crucial role for cooperative tendencies in monkeys' responses to unfair exchanges. We then tested squirrel monkeys using procedures more similar to those used in the original study with capuchins. Squirrel monkeys again accepted food less frequently from non-reciprocators, but unlike capuchins, they also strongly preferred reciprocators. We conclude that neither squirrel monkeys nor marmoset monkeys engaged in emotional bookkeeping of the type that probably underlies social evaluation in capuchin monkeys; instead, they employed one or more simple behavioral rules. Further comparative studies are required to clarify the mechanisms underlying social evaluation processes across species.

  3. Benchmarking criteria for evaluating third-party logistics providers in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Karrapan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In South Africa, deemed the ‘gateway to Africa’, there is limited evidence of the existence of a survey ranking third-party logistics providers (3PLs. This lack of comparative information of the major 3PLs based on key outsourcing and ranking criteria complicates the selection process for companies that intend to contract 3PLs.Objective: The purpose of this article was to determine the critical selection and ranking criteria for the creation of an index to evaluate 3PLs in South Africa for developing a 3PL benchmarking index.Method: Survey data were collected from 103 of the Top 500 Companies in Africa that use 3PLs and operate within the sectors that mostly outsource logistics services in South Africa. A factor analysis method was employed.Results: Three factors for 3PLs selection converged: service quality, information management and compliance, and collaboration. The top three ranked categories for 3PLs selection are cost and price structure, service delivery and the relationship with the 3PL provider. Most respondents (90% confirmed a need for a 3PLs index in South Africa.Conclusion: The results help managers with the strategic selection of 3PLs as these critical logistics outsourcing selection criteria can be used to evaluate and rank 3PLs prior to contracting. Based on the selection criteria for logistics outsourcing identified and ranked in this article, a ranking index for 3PLs in South Africa can be developed.

  4. Selecting better attributes in third-party hotel reservation Web sites: A comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruben Huertas

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Internet has been viewed by many travel organizations as an innovative and competitive marketing tool in offering travel-related information and online transaction opportunities (Doolin et al., 2002. But, Internet also has proportionate opportunities to appear new intermediaries in the new hotel value chain (Connolly et al., 1998. A substantial portion of online room reservations continues to be accounted by the third-party Web sites (Law and Cheung, 2006. Hotels have been actively involved in multi-channel distribution in order to sell products and services more efficiently using a combination of traditional and electronic channels. It is important for organizations to rely on the channels that best match the organizational goals (O’Connor and Frew, 2004.The methodology for the experiment follows Statistical Design of Experiments (SDE. SDE is a statistical technique useful for developing, improving and optimizing processes and also has important applications in research into customer psychology and behaviour (Rosenbaum 1999. However, SDE is not a new tool in marketing; pioneering works such as those by Holland and Cravens (1973, Chevalier (1975 and more recently those of Starkey, Aughton and Brewin (1997, Almquist y Wyner (2001 have used full factorials and fractional factorial designs. In this work we use a fractional factorial design in four four-size blocks design and we have not find any reference that use this kind of design in Marketing.

  5. High strength-of-ties and low mobility enable the evolution of third-party punishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roos, Patrick; Gelfand, Michele; Nau, Dana; Carr, Ryan

    2014-02-07

    As punishment can be essential to cooperation and norm maintenance but costly to the punisher, many evolutionary game-theoretic studies have explored how direct punishment can evolve in populations. Compared to direct punishment, in which an agent acts to punish another for an interaction in which both parties were involved, the evolution of third-party punishment (3PP) is even more puzzling, because the punishing agent itself was not involved in the original interaction. Despite significant empirical studies of 3PP, little is known about the conditions under which it can evolve. We find that punishment reputation is not, by itself, sufficient for the evolution of 3PP. Drawing on research streams in sociology and psychology, we implement a structured population model and show that high strength-of-ties and low mobility are critical for the evolution of responsible 3PP. Only in such settings of high social-structural constraint are punishers able to induce self-interested agents toward cooperation, making responsible 3PP ultimately beneficial to individuals as well as the collective. Our results illuminate the conditions under which 3PP is evolutionarily adaptive in populations. Responsible 3PP can evolve and induce cooperation in cases where other mechanisms alone fail to do so.

  6. Enactment of third-party punishment by four-year-olds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben eKenward

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available When prompted, preschoolers advocate punishment for moral transgressions against third parties, but little is known about whether and how they might act out such punishment. In this study, adult demonstrators enacted doll stories in which a perpetrator child doll made an unprovoked attack on a victim child doll, after which an adult doll punished either the perpetrator (consistent punishment or victim (inconsistent punishment. When asked to help retell the story, given free choice of their own preferred actions for the adult doll, four-year-olds (N = 32 were influenced by the demonstrated choice of target when selecting a target for punishment or admonishment. This influence was weak following inconsistent punishment, however, because the participants tended to change the story by punishing or admonishing the perpetrator when the demonstrator had punished the victim. Four-year-olds’ tendency to select a moral rule violator as a target for punishment is therefore stronger than their tendency to copy the specific actions of adults, which itself is known to be very strong. The evidence suggests that four-year-olds’ enactment of punishment is at least partially based on a belief that antisocial actions deserve to be punished.

  7. Neural signatures of third-party punishment: evidence from penetrating traumatic brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, Leila; Moody, Lara; Grafman, Jordan; Krueger, Frank

    2016-02-01

    The ability to survive within a cooperative society depends on impartial third-party punishment (TPP) of social norm violations. Two cognitive mechanisms have been postulated as necessary for the successful completion of TPP: evaluation of legal responsibility and selection of a suitable punishment given the magnitude of the crime. Converging neuroimaging research suggests two supporting domain-general networks; a mentalizing network for evaluation of legal responsibility and a central-executive network for determination of punishment. A whole-brain voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping approach was used in conjunction with a rank-order TPP task to identify brain regions necessary for TPP in a large sample of patients with penetrating traumatic brain injury. Patients who demonstrated atypical TPP had specific lesions in core regions of the mentalizing (dorsomedial prefrontal cortex [PFC], ventromedial PFC) and central-executive (bilateral dorsolateral PFC, right intraparietal sulcus) networks. Altruism and executive functioning (concept formation skills) were significant predictors of TPP: altruism was uniquely associated with TPP in patients with lesions in right dorsolateral PFC and executive functioning was uniquely associated with TPP in individuals with lesions in left PFC. Our findings contribute to the extant literature to support underlying neural networks associated with TPP, with specific brain-behavior causal relationships confirming recent functional neuroimaging research.

  8. Information, the decision forum, and third-party effects in water transfers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunn, Susan Christopher; Ingram, Helen M.

    1988-04-01

    Transfers of water from irrigation to municipal and industrial uses are seen as a low-cost approach to the water supply problems of western cities. Rural areas of origin protest that market transfers ignore indirect economic, political, social, fiscal, and environmental effects of changes in water use. The capacity of five different water transfer institutions: the market, courts, legislature, special purpose districts, and administrative agencies, to develop and weigh information about indirect and nonuser impacts is analyzed and compared. All five forums are found to have biases regarding the type of information used. Markets process information on direct economic costs and benefits well but ignore third-party costs; legislative bodies are sensitive to information about indirect and nonuser impacts but distort information on direct benefits and costs; neither the judiciary nor the water agency is likely to consider community and social impacts of water transfers. Special districts could consider both direct and indirect values but are often controlled by a leadership elite, pursuing narrow goals with minimum membership participation. The appropriate forum for decision making depends upon our priorities among values and on the values that are at stake in particular issues.

  9. First- and third-party ground truth for key frame extraction from consumer video clips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costello, Kathleen; Luo, Jiebo

    2007-02-01

    Extracting key frames (KF) from video is of great interest in many applications, such as video summary, video organization, video compression, and prints from video. KF extraction is not a new problem. However, current literature has been focused mainly on sports or news video. In the consumer video space, the biggest challenges for key frame selection from consumer videos are the unconstrained content and lack of any preimposed structure. In this study, we conduct ground truth collection of key frames from video clips taken by digital cameras (as opposed to camcorders) using both first- and third-party judges. The goals of this study are: (1) to create a reference database of video clips reasonably representative of the consumer video space; (2) to identify associated key frames by which automated algorithms can be compared and judged for effectiveness; and (3) to uncover the criteria used by both first- and thirdparty human judges so these criteria can influence algorithm design. The findings from these ground truths will be discussed.

  10. Dogs’ Eavesdropping from People’s Reactions in Third Party Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freidin, Esteban; Putrino, Natalia; D’Orazio, María; Bentosela, Mariana

    2013-01-01

    Eavesdropping involves the acquisition of information from third-party interactions, and can serve to indirectly attribute reputation to individuals. There is evidence on eavesdropping in dogs, indicating that they can develop a preference for people based on their cooperativeness towards others. In this study, we tested dogs’ eavesdropping abilities one step further. In a first experiment, dogs could choose between cooperative demonstrators (the donors) who always gave food to an approaching third person (the beggar); here, the only difference between donors was whether they received positive or negative reactions from the beggar (through verbal and gestural means). Results showed that dogs preferentially approached the donor who had received positive reactions from the beggar. By contrast, two different conditions showed that neither the beggar’s body gestures nor the verbal component of the interaction on their own were sufficient to affect the dogs’ preferences. We also ran two further experiments to test for the possibility of dogs’ choices being driven by local enhancement. When the donors switched places before the choice, dogs chose at random. Similarly, in a nonsocial condition in which donors were replaced by platforms, subjects chose at chance levels. We conclude that dogs’ nonrandom choices in the present protocol relied on the simultaneous presence of multiple cues, such as the place where donors stood and several features of the beggar’s behavior (gestural and verbal reactions, and eating behavior). Nonetheless, we did not find conclusive evidence that dogs discriminated the donors by their physical features, which is a prerequisite of reputation attribution. PMID:24236108

  11. Third-Party Certification of Forest Management In Indonesia: Analysing Stakeholders' Recognition and Preferences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santi Pratiwi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The existence of third-party forest and timber certification schemes in Indonesia has created benefits and challenges, mainly for forest industries. In the end, the interests and objectives of those industries will determine whether they decide to get certified and if so, what certification schemes they will use. This study analyses the stakeholder recognition of the competing forest legality and sustainability certification systems and describes the preferences for particular schemes based on stakeholder interests. Online questionnaires were distributed to relevant stakeholders, namely logging companies, wood processing industries, wood processing associations, auditors, academics, environmental organisations and government officials. The results indicate that there are different scheme preferences based on the stakeholder's interests. Sistem verifikasi legalitas kayu (SVLK is the most frequently preferred scheme due to the simplicity of its requirements and the low cost of its certifying process, while the forest stewardship council (FSC is valued for its reputation and very high standards. Furthermore, lembaga ekolabel Indonesia (LEI was least preferred because of its complexity and because it was unpopular with foreign end buyers, and the programme for the endorsement of forest certification (PEFC was identified as being a complex scheme that was expensive and subject to high standards, and also appeared to have the least demand. Each scheme should be improved based on stakeholders' expectations, that their popularity with end buyers of timber products should be improved, and that this should be done in a way that allows logging and wood processing industries to choose freely the scheme that is most advantageous to them.

  12. 'To quarterback behind the scenes, third-party efforts': the tobacco industry and the Tea Party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallin, Amanda; Grana, Rachel; Glantz, Stanton A

    2014-07-01

    The Tea Party, which gained prominence in the USA in 2009, advocates limited government and low taxes. Tea Party organisations, particularly Americans for Prosperity and FreedomWorks, oppose smoke-free laws and tobacco taxes. We used the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library, the Wayback Machine, Google, LexisNexis, the Center for Media and Democracy and the Center for Responsive Politics (opensecrets.org) to examine the tobacco companies' connections to the Tea Party. Starting in the 1980s, tobacco companies worked to create the appearance of broad opposition to tobacco control policies by attempting to create a grassroots smokers' rights movement. Simultaneously, they funded and worked through third-party groups, such as Citizens for a Sound Economy, the predecessor of AFP and FreedomWorks, to accomplish their economic and political agenda. There has been continuity of some key players, strategies and messages from these groups to Tea Party organisations. As of 2012, the Tea Party was beginning to spread internationally. Rather than being a purely grassroots movement that spontaneously developed in 2009, the Tea Party has developed over time, in part through decades of work by the tobacco industry and other corporate interests. It is important for tobacco control advocates in the USA and internationally, to anticipate and counter Tea Party opposition to tobacco control policies and ensure that policymakers, the media and the public understand the longstanding connection between the tobacco industry, the Tea Party and its associated organisations. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  13. The influence of economic incentives on treatment patterns in a third-party funded dental service.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Woods, N

    2010-03-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the response of dental practitioners to administration and remuneration adjustments to the Dental Treatment Services Scheme (DTSS) in the Republic of Ireland. DESIGN: Following the introduction of a series of administration and fee adjustments by a third party payments system in December 1999 the pattern of extractions and restorations are examined to determine whether the adjustments had influenced provider behaviour, in particular whether a substitution effect from extractions to restorations would result from a relative fee increase of 62% for amalgam fillings. DATA AND METHODS: Data on patient and provider characteristics from June 1996 to April 2005, collected by the Health Service Executive (HSE) National Shared Services Primary Care Reimbursement Service to facilitate remuneration to dentists providing services in the DTSS, was used in this analysis. A graphical analysis of the data revealed a structural break in the time-series and an apparent substitution to amalgam fillings following the introduction of the fee increases. To test the statistical significance of this break, the ratio of amalgams to restorations was regressed on the trend, growth and level dummy variables, using Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression. The diagnostics of the model were assessed using the Jarque-Bera normality test and the LM to test for serial correlation. RESULTS: The initial results showed no evidence of a structural break. However on further investigation, when a pulse dummy was included to account for the immediate impact of the fee adjustment the results suggest a unit root process with a structural break in December 1999. This implies that the amalgam fee increase of December 1999 influenced the behaviour patterns of providers. CONCLUSIONS: System changes can be used to change the emphasis from a scheme that was principally exodontia\\/emergency based to a scheme that is more conservative and based on restoration\\/prevention.

  14. 75 FR 81789 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... to hide or exert undue influence over the third party ] conformity assessment body's test results... conformity assessment body's testing results are not subject to undue influence by any other person...; and The third party conformity assessment body does not exercise undue influence over other...

  15. 26 CFR 301.6503(f)-1 - Suspension of running of period of limitation; wrongful seizure of property of third-party owner...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...; wrongful seizure of property of third-party owner and discharge of lien for substitution of value. 301.6503... and Collection § 301.6503(f)-1 Suspension of running of period of limitation; wrongful seizure of property of third-party owner and discharge of lien for substitution of value. (a) Wrongful seizure. The...

  16. How lay third parties weigh legitimacy and sanctions in a side-taking dilemma: A study among Chinese and Dutch employees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, H.; van de Vliert, Evert; Shi, Kan

    2009-01-01

    Lay third parties sometimes react to an interpersonal dispute by taking sides. In this paper, we investigate the interaction effects of lay third parties' moral and expedient orientations on the relationship between perceived legitimacy (or expected negative sanctions) and their intention of

  17. How Lay Third Parties Weigh Legitimacy and Sanctions in a Side-Taking Dilemma : A Study among Chinese and Dutch Employees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, H.; Van de Vliert, E.; Shi, K

    Lay third parties sometimes react to an interpersonal dispute by taking sides. In this paper, we investigate the interaction effects of lay third parties' moral and expedient orientations on the relationship between perceived legitimacy (or expected negative sanctions) and their intention of

  18. What Motivates Lay Third Parties to Take Sides in a Conflict? Examining the Relationships between the Big Five Personality Traits and Side-taking Motives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Huadong; Li, Chaoping; Wang, Qing; Hendriks, A. A. Jolijn

    2011-01-01

    Taking sides is one of the reactions available to third parties in handling a dispute. From the perspective of individual differences, this study was aimed at identifying lay third parties' motives for side taking and exploring their relations with the Big Five personality traits. We tested our assu

  19. Conflict or Concert? Extending the Simmelian Triad to Account for Positive Third Party Presence in Face-to-Face Interviews with People Living with Parkinson’s Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Low

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A number of sociologists and other researchers have focused on the role of third parties since Simmel’s seminal conceptualization of the social organization of the triad. However, less attention has been given to third party presence in qualitative interviews, despite the fact that third party participation in interviews with people with chronic illness and/or disability occurs frequently. Here too it is assumed that third party presence promotes conflict, ignoring the role of third parties as facilitators who enable informants to articulate their perspectives. Therefore, I focus on Simmel’s concept of the triad, concluding that the role of facilitator must be added to the types he describes.

  20. Legal Analysis of Third Party Logistics Contract%第三方物流合同的法律分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘岩松

    2012-01-01

    阐述了第三方物流合同的概念、特征及主要内容,分析其法律性质,在介绍与第三方物流合同相关的法律关系基础上,从合同的法律适用、归责原则、法律风险及规避等方面分析第三方物流合同.%In this paper, we introduced the concept, characterization and main content of third party logistics contract, analyzed its legal nature, and on the basis of an exposition of the legal relationship in third party logistics contracts, studied the legal applicability, accountability principle, legal risks and their aversion of the contracts.

  1. [Single or double moral standards? Professional ethics of psychiatrists regarding self-determination, rights of third parties and involuntary treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollmächer, T

    2015-09-01

    The current intensive discussion on the legal and moral aspects of involuntary treatment of psychiatric patients raises a number of ethical issues. Physicians are unambiguously obligated to protect patient welfare and autonomy; however, in psychiatric patients disease-related restrictions in the capacity of self-determination and behaviors endangering the rights of third parties can seriously challenge this unambiguity. Therefore, psychiatry is assumed to have a double function and is also obligated to third parties and to society in general. Acceptance of such a kind of double obligation carries the risk of double moral standards, placing the psychiatrist ethically outside the community of physicians and questioning the unrestricted obligation towards the patient. The present article formulates a moral position, which places the psychiatrist, like all other physicians, exclusively on the side of the patient in terms of professional ethics and discusses the practical problems arising from this moral position.

  2. Divorce and Childhood Chronic Illness: A Grounded Theory of Trust, Gender, and Third-Party Care Providers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Luke T; Coleman, Marilyn; Ganong, Lawrence H; Gayer, Debra

    2016-05-01

    Divorced parents face distinct challenges in providing care for chronically ill children. Children's residence in two households necessitates the development of family-specific strategies to ensure coparents' supervision of regimen adherence and the management of children's health care. Utilizing a risk and resilience perspective, a grounded theory study was conducted with 14 divorced parents of children with chronic illnesses. The importance of trust, gender, and relationships with third-party care providers emerged as key themes related to the development of effective coparenting relationships for maintaining children's health. Divorced parents were best able to support the management of their children's chronic conditions when care providers operated as neutral third parties and intermediaries. Collaborative family care may require health care practitioners to avoid being drawn into contentious inter-parental conflicts. © The Author(s) 2016.

  3. Non-Strategic Punishment when Monitoring is Costly: Experimental Evidence on Differences between Second and Third Party Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Goeschl, Timo; Jarke, Johannes

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies monitoring and punishment behavior by second and third parties in a cooperation experiment with endogenous information structures: Players are uninformed whether the target player cooperated or defected at the cooperation stage, but can decide to resolve the information imperfection at non-negative cost at the punishment stage. We examine how monitoring and punishment respond to changes in monitoring costs, and exploit the evidence to gain new insights about commonalities a...

  4. Third-Party Retaliation and the Psychology of Deterrence: Mapping the Psychological Mechanisms that Regulate Retaliation on Behalf of Others

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-03

    retaliation deters aggressors by teaching them that future harms against the avenger will be unprofitable. The same psychological mechanisms that motivate...AFRL-AFOSR-VA-TR-2015-0334 Third-Party Retaliation and the psychology of deterrence: Mapping the psychological mechanisms that regulateretaliation...collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for

  5. Experimental Evaluation of the Efficiency of the Third Party Joint and Several Liability in the Polish VAT System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Gut

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents research results, indicating, that VAT third party joint and several liability in an efficient antifraud element of the Polish VAT system. As the experimental verification of joint and several responsibility proves, there are situations, in which the VAT fraud is possible when this element of the VAT system is not applied, and is not possible any more when the element is applied, which indicates the efficiency of thereof and proves the hypothesis of the present article.

  6. 78 FR 12953 - TRICARE; TRICARE Sanction Authority for Third-Party Billing Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-26

    .... Fazzini, Medical Benefits and Reimbursement Branch, TMA, telephone, (303) 676-3803. SUPPLEMENTARY... law or regulation, including potential criminal convictions and civil judgments for fraud and abuse... government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of...

  7. Third party observation during neuropsychological evaluation: an update on the literature, practical advice for practitioners, and future directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, Laura L S; McCaffrey, Robert J

    2010-04-01

    A clash between neuropsychology and the law may exist when a demand is made for third party observation during forensic neuropsychological evaluation. Third party observation includes any person or observational process present during a neuropsychological evaluation aside from the psychologist and the examinee, including electronic devices (e.g., video and audio recordings). The goal of this paper includes succinctly providing to practitioners the scientific, ethical, and pragmatic (i.e., test security and coaching) reasons to not allow third party observation. Practitioners at the individual level need to be aware of the reasoning and be willing and able to advocate protecting the boundaries of neuropsychological practice and test security. We present practitioners with options when confronted with a request, provide a list of resources to educate the legal system and submit with motions, provide responses for some of the more common myths/reasoning used to support a request for a TPO, and encourage more global solutions such as state-by-state legislation.

  8. The Price-Concentration Relationship in Early Residential Solar Third-Party Markets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pless, Jacquelyn [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom); Langheim, Ria [Center for Sustainable Energy, San Francisco, CA (United States); Machak, Christina [Center for Sustainable Energy, San Francisco, CA (United States); Hellow, Henar [Center for Sustainable Energy, San Francisco, CA (United States); Sigrin, Ben [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2017-01-01

    The market for residential solar photovoltaic (PV) systems in the United States has experienced tremendous growth over the past decade, with installed capacity more than doubling between 2014 and 2016 alone (SEIA, 2016). As the residential market continues to grow, it prompts new questions about the nature of competition between solar installers and how this competition, or lack thereof, affects the prices consumers are paying. It is often assumed that more competition leads to lower prices, but this is not universally true. For example, some studies have shown that factors such as brand loyalty could lead to a negative relationship between concentration and price in imperfectly competitive markets (Borenstein, 1985; Holmes, 1989). As such, the relationship between prices and market concentration is an open empirical question since theory could predict either a positive or negative relationship. Determining a relationship between prices and market concentration is challenging for several reasons. Most significantly, prices and market structure are simultaneously determined by each other -- the amount of competition a seller faces influences the price they can command, and prices determine a seller's market share. Previous studies have examined recent PV pricing trends over time and between markets (Davidson et al., 2015a; Davidson and Margolis 2015b; Nemet et al., 2016; Gillingham et al., 2014; Barbose and Darghouth 2015). While these studies of solar PV pricing are able to determine correlations between prices and market factors, they have not satisfactorily proven causation. Thus, to the best of our knowledge, there is little work to date that focuses on identifying the causal relationship between market structure and the prices paid by consumers. We use a unique dataset on third-party owned contract terms for the residential solar PV market in the San Diego Gas and Electricity service territory to better understand this relationship. Surprisingly, we find

  9. The Status Quo of Chinese Agro-products Logistics and the Establishment of the Third-Party Logistics Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The status quo of Chinese agro-products logistics is analyzed from the following five aspects:the circulation mode,exchange mode,storage and transportation situation,food security.The following problems in Chinese agro-products logistics are pointed out,including excessive circulation sections,bad time efficiency,single payment,slow circulation,backward information processing,obvious bullwhip effect,low logistics efficiency,low logistics technology,inadequate professional equipments,low standardization degree,organized operation mode and low degree of scale.The third-party logistics mode of agro-products is analyzed and the advantages of the mode are analyzed as well.Firstly,establishing information network through integrating circulation section to accelerate the circulation of agro-products;secondly,making the operation norms by providing professional equipments to secure the quality of agricultural products;thirdly,improving the core competitiveness of the whole logistics chain by intensifying specialized work division in each section of the supply chain;fourthly,through forming scale economy to reduce logistics costs and increase the diversity of products;fifthly,through signing contracts to clarify duties and responsibilities and materialize the profit integration of the supply chain.The measures for establishing the third-party logistics of agro-products are put forward,including establish the awareness and concept of socialized logistics services;intensify the support on the third-party logistics enterprises of agro-products;lay stress on the cultivation of logistics talents of agro-products;and vigorously apply the modern marketing means.

  10. Third party losses in a comparative perspective Three short lectures in honour of W.H.V. Rogers

    OpenAIRE

    Dam, C.C. van; Engelhard, Esther; Giesen, Ivo

    2007-01-01

    In honour of Horton Rogers, as the holder of the rotational G.J. Wiarda chair at Utrecht University, a symposium was held on 13 June 2007 concerning the right of third parties to compensation in cases of injury – one of the most provoking themes in tort law and the law of damages. The key question was to what extent relatives and the employer of an injured victim should be compensated for their pecuniary losses and the loss of earnings caused by the primary victim’s injuries. In three contrib...

  11. Review of Research on Third Party Logistics%第三方物流研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡惟璇

    2013-01-01

    随着第三方物流(Third-party Logistics,TPL)产业在西方国家的迅速发展,TPL在学术界引起了广泛的关注.目前,尽管TPL的相关文献不少,但致力于TPL总体概况及综合评述的研究却为数不多.其写作目的就是为了加强对TPL当前研究成果的全面了解,希冀对将来的研究有所启示.

  12. 26 CFR 25.2513-1 - Gifts by husband or wife to third party considered as made one-half by each.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Gifts by husband or wife to third party... Transfers § 25.2513-1 Gifts by husband or wife to third party considered as made one-half by each. (a) A... having been made one-half by each spouse. (c) If a husband and wife consent to have the gifts made...

  13. 基于第三方物流实施的延迟制造%Delay the implementation of third-party logistics based manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊恒庆; 连兆大

    2011-01-01

    The third-party logistics enterprises for the manufacture of very little delay.This paper describes four third-party logistics providers,manufacturing services and the delay in third-party logistics services to customers and create value.Analysis of third-party logistics organization method-platform approach,namely the resource sharing method.While the third-party logistics to carry out manufacturing operations in the delay made strategic recommendations,so as to carry out third-party logistics business provides a guide to manufacturing delays.%目前针对由第三方物流企业实施的延迟制造研究很少。本文阐述了第三方物流提供的四种延迟制造服务以及该服务给第三方物流客户创造的价值。分析了第三方物流的组织方法——平台方法,也即资源共享方法。同时对第三方物流开展延迟制造业务提出了战略性建议,从而为第三方物流开展延迟制造业务提供了指南。

  14. Testing the function of reconciliation and third-party affiliation for aggressors in hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas hamadryas).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Teresa; Colmenares, Fernando; Aureli, Filippo

    2009-01-01

    In social groups, agonistic conflicts can have different negative consequences. Several post-conflict interactions have been suggested as post-conflict management behaviors to mitigate those negative effects. In this study, we investigated the function of two post-conflict behaviors--reconciliation and aggressor-initiated third-party affiliation--on the aggressor's levels of post-conflict anxiety and aggression in a large colony of hamadryas baboons. We also examined variation in the aggressor's levels of post-conflict anxiety as a function of relationship quality between the opponents as predicted by the Integrated Hypothesis. We found that after conflicts hamadryas baboon aggressors showed increased rates of anxiety-related behaviors and that they were also more likely to be involved in renewed aggressive interactions. Although both reconciliation and aggressor-initiated third-party affiliation reduced the probability of receiving post-conflict aggression, only reconciliation reduced the rates of anxiety-related behaviors, suggesting that the aggressors' post-conflict anxiety might be owing mainly to the damage that the conflict causes to their relationship with the victim. Furthermore, aggressor's rates of post-conflict anxiety were higher after conflicts with individuals with whom they had a high-quality relationship, supporting the idea that levels of post-conflict anxiety mediate the occurrence of reconciliation depending on the quality of the relationship with former opponent as predicted by the Integrated Hypothesis.

  15. Appraisement and benchmarking of third-party logistic service provider by exploration of risk-based approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin Kumar Sahu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present era, Reverse Logistics Support has monitored as a momentous realm, where stuffs are transferred from point of consumption to origin. The companies who provide the logistic equipments, i.e. Truck, Joseph Cyril Bomford, and Shipment, etc. to its partner’s firms called Third-Party Logistics (3PL service provider. Today, the feasible 3PL service provider evaluation-opt problem is yet an amorous dilemma. The appraisement and benchmarking of logistics service providers in extent of index; allied risk-based indices and their interrelated metrics; outlooked as a great tool for each international firm, in order that firm could obtain their core goals. The novelty of manuscript is that here, a hairy-based approach has been integrated and then implemented upon a novel developed multi hierarchical third-party logistics (3PL service providers appraisement index in purpose to umpire the 3PL provider for their strong and ill’s core indices. Moreover, the overall score (Si system has also been carried out for benchmarking the 3PL provider companies, where s1 has been found as the best 3PL service provider. The developed approach enabled the manager of firms to make the verdict towards the best inclusive evaluation process of 3PL performance appraisement and benchmarking. A numerical illustration has also been provided to validate the verdict support system.

  16. Collective Recycling Responsibility in Closed-Loop Fashion Supply Chains with a Third Party: Financial Sharing or Physical Sharing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiajia Nie

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We develop three closed-loop supply chain models where manufacturers can utilize financial or physical support to push a third party to collect the used fashion product for remanufacturing. We first examine two strategies for the collective recycling responsibility (CRR, namely, the financial sharing (FS and the physical sharing (PS, using the model with no CRR as a benchmark. After that, we conduct a detailed comparison among the three models in terms of the retail price, demand, return rate, and the profits received by the supply chain members. With this study, we find the following. (i The FS or PS support offered by the manufacturer to the third party will result in a lower retail price and a higher demand. (ii The optimal return rate with PS scheme is always higher than that without the CRR, and the one with FS scheme is at least as high as that without the CRR. (iii All the members in the closed-loop supply chain can always benefit from the CRR. In addition, (iv which scheme of the FS, PS, or no CRR is the best for the supply chain members will depend heavily on the transfer price of the used product.

  17. Ovine placental eluate immunoglobulins recognise isologous and third party acid-treated trophoblast microvesicle antigens in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.A. Omwandho

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Placental microvesicles were prepared from ovine placentae and immunoglobulins eluted with 0.5 M glycine buffer pH 2.5. The ability of eluate immunoglobulins to re-associate with isologous (self and third party acidified microvesicles was tested by ELISA. Ovine placental immunoglobulins re-associated with isologous and third party acidified microvesicles suggesting that at least 2 types of antigenic epitopes I and II may be expressed on the ovine placentae. Type I antigensmaybe present on placentae of all ovines while type II epitopes may be paternally derived, hence unique to each pregnancy. Analysis by SDS PAGE revealed the heavy and light chains of IgG at 57 and 27 kDa, respectively, together giving a relative molecular weight of 158 kDa. Results suggest that immunoglobulins produced to placental microvesicle antigens may be directed to some but not all antigenic epitopes expressed on the trophoblast, possibly defining a mechanism by which the foetus evades maternal immunological rejection.

  18. Third-party brachytherapy source calibrations and physicist responsibilities: report of the AAPM Low Energy Brachytherapy Source Calibration Working Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Wayne M; Bice, William S; DeWerd, Larry A; Hevezi, James M; Huq, M Saiful; Ibbott, Geoffrey S; Palta, Jatinder R; Rivard, Mark J; Seuntjens, Jan P; Thomadsen, Bruce R

    2008-09-01

    The AAPM Low Energy Brachytherapy Source Calibration Working Group was formed to investigate and recommend quality control and quality assurance procedures for brachytherapy sources prior to clinical use. Compiling and clarifying recommendations established by previous AAPM Task Groups 40, 56, and 64 were among the working group's charges, which also included the role of third-party handlers to perform loading and assay of sources. This document presents the findings of the working group on the responsibilities of the institutional medical physicist and a clarification of the existing AAPM recommendations in the assay of brachytherapy sources. Responsibility for the performance and attestation of source assays rests with the institutional medical physicist, who must use calibration equipment appropriate for each source type used at the institution. Such equipment and calibration procedures shall ensure secondary traceability to a national standard. For each multi-source implant, 10% of the sources or ten sources, whichever is greater, are to be assayed. Procedures for presterilized source packaging are outlined. The mean source strength of the assayed sources must agree with the manufacturer's stated strength to within 3%, or action must be taken to resolve the difference. Third party assays do not absolve the institutional physicist from the responsibility to perform the institutional measurement and attest to the strength of the implanted sources. The AAPM leaves it to the discretion of the institutional medical physicist whether the manufacturer's or institutional physicist's measured value should be used in performing dosimetry calculations.

  19. 冲突管理中的第三方及其地位和角色%Third-party Status and Roles of Conflict Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹哲

    2015-01-01

    在冲突化解中,因第三方本身所扮演的角色及所处的地位而使其发挥巨大的作用,因而第三方的相关研究也成为当今冲突管理领域研究的热点。但学界对何为第三方以及第三方的地位和角色并未给出明确的、符合逻辑的界定与澄清。第三方地位与角色的获得因其本身所具有的内在规定性,因此从第三方的基本内涵入手探讨其地位、角色及其相互关系是第三方理论体系构建的必要前提。%In conflict resolution, because the roles and status of third-party which plays itself and makes it play a huge role, and thus re-searching to third-party has become a hotspot of conflict management research field. But scholars did not give a clear, logical definition and clarification on what third-party is and what third-party status and roles are. To get the status and role of the third party and to play roles because the internal regulations of their own has. Therefore, starting from the basic connotation of a third party to investigate the sta-tus, roles and their relationship is a necessary prerequisite to third parties theoretical system construction.

  20. [Biological risk in health. Risk to third parties: medical-legal focus. Responsible behavior of the competent physician].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Daniele

    2010-01-01

    The responsibility of the occupational physician (OP) is discussed within the particular topic of biological risk generated by health care workers (HCW) versus third parties in health care settings. The present contribution offers keys of interpretation regarding current Italian legislation and passed sentences, taking into account principles of occupational medicine, the ICOH code of ethics for occupational health professionals, as well as duties and tasks of OP, employers and employees. Most of the responsibilities stand on employers, but OP has a primary duty of information and to judge fitness for work. It is underlined the difficult interpretation of the current legislation and indications. Behaviour of the OP could be censored in case of particular fitness for work or in case of inadequate information, as well as if the comprehension of information is not verified or when indication to minimize the risk are not controlled.

  1. 程博士讲营销——第三方物流(Third party logistics)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    第三方物流(Third party logistics)是指生产经营企业为集中精力搞好主业,把原来属于自己处理的物流活动,以合同方式委托给专业物流服务企业,同时通过信息系统与物流服务企业保持密切联系,以达到对物流全程的管理和控制的一种物流运作与管理方式,也被称为合同制物流(Contract logistics)。主要作用如下:

  2. Corporate and supply chain network governance of third party logistics service providers: Effects on buyers’ intention to continue the relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salih Börteçine Avci

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the impact of corporate governance, supply chain network governance and competencies such as sales and logistics competence on buyers’ intention to relationship continuity. A total number of 258 questionnaires were distributed to Turkish manufacturing firms, selected using cross-sectional sampling method from the Istanbul and Edirne Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Turkey. The data of survey was analysed using PLS-SEM model with WARP PLS 5.0 software. Our findings indicate that corporate governance and supply chain network governance seem to have a positive effect on sales competence and logistics competence, and together, they influence buyers’ intention to relationship continuity. In this respect, the outcomes of this study may provide valuable insights for the third-party logistics (3PL literature in terms of buyers’ intention to relationship continuity.

  3. ON ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AND THIRD PARTY LOGISTICS%电子商务与第三方物流

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    平海; 李兆卉

    2001-01-01

    The quickly developed electronic commerce is changing or(will change) pepl e's daily life a nd their working style(In the end, it will be all the people).The Enterprise h as put forward the third party logistics that suits our national condition by analyzing the development situation of the logistics enterprise under the interior and external electronic commerce.%迅猛发展的电子商务正在或将要改 变许多人(最终是所有人)的日常生活和工作模 式。笔者通过分析电子商务下物流业的发展现状,提出适合我国国情的第三方物流模式。

  4. 电子商务第三方物流信息管理%E-commerce third-party logistics information management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋倩

    2013-01-01

    The third-party e-commerce logistics information system from the status quo to proceed, in order to pro-mote the construction of China e-commerce third-party logistics informatization construction as the goal, China's third lo-gistics management system for the problems raised third-party e-commerce logistics information management system devel-opment.%  文章从电子商务第三方物流信息系统的现状着手,以促进建设我国电子商务第三方物流信息化建设为目标,针对我国第三物流管理系统方面存在的问题提出了电子商务第三方物流信息管理系统的发展对策。

  5. The role of third party logistics in supply chain management.%第三方物流在供应链管理中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李妮; 高学用; 冯四龙

    2013-01-01

      本文介绍了第三方物流及其供应链管理的概念,探讨了第三方物流进入供应链管理的理论基础。分析了第三方物流和供应链之中核心企业的关系,探讨第三方物流在供应链管理中的特点以及第三方物流在供应链管理所起到的作用。本文认为第三方物流是物流服务提供方在特定的时间段内按照合同的要求向需求方提供的个性化系列物流服务。%This paper introduces the concept of the third party logistics and supply chain management, discusses the basic theory of the third party logistics in supply chain management.Analysis of the relationship between the third party logistics and supply chain in the core enterprise,to explore the characteristics of the third party logistics in supply chain management and the third party logistics in the supply chain management role.This paper believes that the third party logistics is the logistics service provider individual logistics service in a specific period of time according to the requirements of the contract to provide the demand side.

  6. 论第三方协调性服装供应链之构建%Study on the Third-party Apparel Supply Chain Coordination Build

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代湘荣

    2013-01-01

    Third-party coordination apparel supply chain is emerging in recent years,a form of textile and apparel supply chain,this paper analyzes its characteristics,discusses third-party coordination apparel supply chain build points.%第三方协调性服装供应链是近年新兴的一种纺织服装供应链形式,文中分析了它的特征,探讨了第三方协调性服装供应链的构建要点。

  7. Study on Development of Farm Produce Third Party Logistics in Jingzhou%荆州市农产品第三方物流发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄贝; 李诗珍

    2012-01-01

    分析了荆州市农产品物流发展现状,对荆州市农产品第三方物流发展的可行性进行了分析,并对荆州市农产品第三方物流的发展提出五点对策和建议.%In this paper we analyzed the status of the development of farm produce third party logistics in Jingzhou, analyzed the feasibility of the development of agricultural produce third party logistics there and proposed five countermeasures or suggestions for its enhancement.

  8. Attachment in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Preliminary Investigation of the Psychometric Properties of the Manchester Attachment Scale-Third Party Observational Measure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penketh, Victoria; Hare, Dougal Julian; Flood, Andrea; Walker, Samantha

    2014-01-01

    Background: The Manchester Attachment Scale-Third party observational measure (MAST) was developed to assess secure attachment style for adults with intellectual disabilities. The psychometric properties of the MAST were examined. Materials and Methods: Professional carers (N = 40) completed the MAST and measures related to the construct of…

  9. 13 CFR 127.302 - What third-party certifications may a concern use as evidence of its status as a qualified EDWOSB...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WOMEN-OWNED SMALL BUSINESS FEDERAL CONTRACT... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What third-party certifications... certification from: (1) SBA as an 8(a) BD or SDB women-owned concern in good standing; (2) The Department...

  10. Can third-party help improve data quality in research interviews? A natural experiment in a hard-to-study population

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Quetulio-Navarra, M.; Vaart, van der W.; Niehof, A.

    2015-01-01

    In some survey research settings, it may be not attainable or optimal to interview individual respondents without involving bystanders or third parties in the interview. Due to complex living circumstances or group culture, respondents may be helped by others in answering questions. However, this in

  11. 30 CFR 285.528 - May I use a third-party guaranty to meet the financial assurance requirement for lease or grant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... financial assurance requirement for lease or grant activities? 285.528 Section 285.528 Mineral Resources... financial assurance requirement for lease or grant activities? (a) You may use a third-party guaranty if the... EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Payments and Financial Assurance...

  12. Study on Customer Satisfaction of Third Party Logistics Services%第三方物流服务的顾客满意度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张广敬

    2012-01-01

    分析了第三方物流服务的内容、特征和第三方物流企业应对激烈竞争的策略,进而介绍了顾客满意度理论,探讨了顾客满意的机制,然后提出第三方物流企业员工满意度和顾客满意度的评价指标体系和测算模型,为企业实施顾客满意战略提供了参考;最后提出了第三方物流企业实施顾客满意战略的意义.%In this paper, we analyzed the content and characteristics of third party logistics services as well as the strategy for third party logistics providers to adapt to fierce competition and then introduced the theory and working mechanism of customer satisfaction. Then, we proposed the evaluation index system and measuring model of the employee satisfaction and customer satisfaction of third party logistics providers and at the end, pointed out the significance of the implementation of customer satisfaction strategy for third party logistics service providers.

  13. 浅析如何对第三方物流进行有效管控%Analysis on How to Effectively Control the Third Party Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李加祥; 汪涛; 付杰; 圣月红

    2016-01-01

    第三方物流公司监管,是根据需求方的要求及标准进行物流操作,发展第三方物流监管是一项系统工程,仅靠物流企业自身的努力是远远不够的,需要主机厂对第三方物流公司的合理规划、统一的管理和现代化技术的合作引用,使第三方物流企业在良好的环境健康的成长。%Third party logistics company supervision,according to the demand side of the requirements and standards of logistics operation and supervision of third-party logistics development is a systematic project,relying on logistics enterprise's own efforts is far from enough,requiring a host plant for the third party logistics company planning,unified management and modern technology cooperation references,the third party logistics enterprises in the good environment for the healthy growth.

  14. Predicting Student Performance in Statewide High-Stakes Tests for Middle School Mathematics Using the Results from Third Party Testing Instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meylani, Rusen; Bitter, Gary G.; Castaneda, Rene

    2014-01-01

    In this study regression and neural networks based methods are used to predict statewide high-stakes test results for middle school mathematics using the scores obtained from third party tests throughout the school year. Such prediction is of utmost significance for school districts to live up to the state's educational standards mandated by the…

  15. 20 CFR 10.706 - How will a beneficiary know if OWCP or SOL has determined that action against a third party is...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How will a beneficiary know if OWCP or SOL... Third Party Liability § 10.706 How will a beneficiary know if OWCP or SOL has determined that action... is transferred to SOL, a second notification may be issued....

  16. A Study of the Efficacy of the Five Phase Recovery Process as a Method of Maximizing Reimbursements under the Third Party Collection Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-01

    AGPAM), and "The Receivables Report" and "The Health Care Collector" both published by Zimmerman and Associates ( Scheaffer , 1989). Get on the mailing list...October). Accurate third-party logs ensure maximum payments. Healthcare Financial Management, pp. 82-84. Scheaffer , L. (1989, October/November

  17. Leasing Into the Sun: A Mixed Method Analysis of Transactions of Homes with Third Party Owned Solar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoen, Ben [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Rand, Joseph [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Adomatis, Sandra [Adomatis Appraisal Service, Punta Gorda, FL (United States)

    2017-01-01

    This analysis is the first to examine if homes with third-party owned (TPO) PV systems are unique in the marketplace as compared to non-PV or non-TPO PV homes. This is of growing importance as the number of homes with TPO systems is nearly a half of a million in the US currently and is growing. A hedonic pricing model analysis of 20,106 homes that sold in California between 2011 and 2013 is conducted, as well as a paired sales analysis of 18 pairs of TPO PV and non-PV homes in San Diego spanning 2012 and 2013. The hedonic model examined 2,914 non-TPO PV home sales and 113 TPO PV sales and fails to uncover statistically significant premiums for TPO PV homes nor for those with pre-paid leases as compared to non-PV homes. Similarly, the paired sales analysis does not find evidence of an impact to value for the TPO homes when comparing to non-PV homes. Analyses of non-TPO PV sales both here and previously have found larger and statistically significant premiums. Collection of a larger dataset that covers the present period is recommended for future analyses so that smaller, more nuanced and recent effects can be discovered.

  18. Third party losses in a comparative perspective Three short lectures in honour of W.H.V. Rogers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cees van Dam

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In honour of Horton Rogers, as the holder of the rotational G.J. Wiarda chair at Utrecht University, a symposium was held on 13 June 2007 concerning the right of third parties to compensation in cases of injury – one of the most provoking themes in tort law and the law of damages. The key question was to what extent relatives and the employer of an injured victim should be compensated for their pecuniary losses and the loss of earnings caused by the primary victim’s injuries. In three contributions an account of the state of the law was provided with regard to three European jurisdictions (English law, German law and Dutch law and the so-called ‘Principles on European Tort Law’ and ‘Principles on European Law on Liability for Damages’. These contributions show that all three national law systems have rights for relatives and employers to recover, in some form, but with substantial differences between the (rules governing the amount of compensation and as to the nature of these rights. Both sets of European principles demonstrate great differences as well. In each contribution further reflections are given on what would be the better position to take. These three contributions are brought together in this article in which also the state of the law is critically discussed.

  19. ‘To quarterback behind the scenes, third-party efforts’: the tobacco industry and the Tea Party

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallin, Amanda; Grana, Rachel; Glantz, Stanton A

    2014-01-01

    Background The Tea Party, which gained prominence in the USA in 2009, advocates limited government and low taxes. Tea Party organisations, particularly Americans for Prosperity and FreedomWorks, oppose smoke-free laws and tobacco taxes. Methods We used the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library, the Wayback Machine, Google, LexisNexis, the Center for Media and Democracy and the Center for Responsive Politics (opensecrets.org) to examine the tobacco companies’ connections to the Tea Party. Results Starting in the 1980s, tobacco companies worked to create the appearance of broad opposition to tobacco control policies by attempting to create a grassroots smokers’ rights movement. Simultaneously, they funded and worked through third-party groups, such as Citizens for a Sound Economy, the predecessor of AFP and FreedomWorks, to accomplish their economic and political agenda. There has been continuity of some key players, strategies and messages from these groups to Tea Party organisations. As of 2012, the Tea Party was beginning to spread internationally. Conclusions Rather than being a purely grassroots movement that spontaneously developed in 2009, the Tea Party has developed over time, in part through decades of work by the tobacco industry and other corporate interests. It is important for tobacco control advocates in the USA and internationally, to anticipate and counter Tea Party opposition to tobacco control policies and ensure that policymakers, the media and the public understand the longstanding connection between the tobacco industry, the Tea Party and its associated organisations. PMID:23396417

  20. Green Supply Chain Collaboration for Fashionable Consumer Electronics Products under Third-Party Power Intervention—A Resource Dependence Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiuh-Biing Sheu

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Under third-party power intervention (TPPI, which increases uncertainty in task environments, complex channel power interplays and restructuring are indispensable among green supply chain members as they move toward sustainable collaborative relationships for increased viability and competitive advantage. From the resource dependence perspective, this work presents a novel conceptual model to investigate the influence of political and social power on channel power restructuring and induced green supply chain collaboration in brander-retailer bidirectional green supply chains of fashionable consumer electronics products (FCEPs. An FCEP refers to the consumer electronics product (e.g., personal computers, mobile phones, computer notebooks, and game consoles with the features of a well-known brand associated, a short product lifecycle, timely and fashionable design fit for market trends, and quick responsiveness to the variations of market demands. The proposed model is tested empirically using questionnaire data obtained from retailers in the FCEP brander-retailer distribution channels. Analytical results reveal that as an extension of political and social power, TPPI positively affects the reciprocal interdependence of dyadic members and reduces power asymmetry, thereby enhancing the collaborative relationship of dyadic members and leading to improved green supply chain performance. Therein, reciprocal interdependence underlying collaborative relationship is the key to reducing the external environmental uncertainties in the TPPI context.

  1. IoT Applications with 5G Connectivity in Medical Tourism Sector Management: Third-Party Service Scenarios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Psiha, Maria M; Vlamos, Panayiotis

    2017-01-01

    5G is the next generation of mobile communication technology. Current generation of wireless technologies is being evolved toward 5G for better serving end users and transforming our society. Supported by 5G cloud technology, personal devices will extend their capabilities to various applications, supporting smart life. They will have significant role in health, medical tourism, security, safety, and social life applications. The next wave of mobile communication is to mobilize and automate industries and industry processes via Machine-Type Communication (MTC) and Internet of Things (IoT). The current key performance indicators for the 5G infrastructure for the fully connected society are sufficient to satisfy most of the technical requirements in the healthcare sector. Thus, 5G can be considered as a door opener for new possibilities and use cases, many of which are as yet unknown. In this paper we present heterogeneous use cases in medical tourism sector, based on 5G infrastructure technologies and third-party cloud services.

  2. On infringement of the third Party system%论第三人侵害债权制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚运

    2014-01-01

    第三人侵害债权制度在大多数国家的法律体系中都已得到了正式的确立,在保障债权人权益领域已发挥重大作用。但我国法律并未正式确立该项制度,其中最大的障碍是对传统理论债的相对性的固守,导致债权不能成为侵权行为的客体。债权作为一种民事权利,不能仅因债权的相对性而排除了侵权法对其的保护。%The infringement of the third party system in the legal systems of most countries have been formally established, has played an important role in the protection of creditor rights field. But the law of our country has not established the system, which is the biggest obstacle to the traditional theory of relativity to the object, leading to claims can not be tort. Creditor's rights as a kind of civil rights, not only because of the relative rights and exclude the protection of the law of tort.

  3. The effect of a third party observer and trait anxiety on neuropsychological performance: the Attentional Control Theory (ACT) perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezaei, Fatemeh; Hosseini Ramaghani, Nasrin Alsadat; Fazio, Rachel L

    2017-04-01

    Studies have reported that the presence of a third party observer (TPO) during neuropsychological assessments negatively affects the test performance of the examinee. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a TPO and trait anxiety on neuropsychological performance according to Attentional Control Theory (ACT). A sample of college students was recruited (n = 318) and then 80 participants were selected to represent the high and low trait anxiety groups. Participants of each of group were randomly assigned to either the NTPO (non-TPO) or TPO conditions. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - Trait measure (STAI-T), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST-64), Stroop test, and Rating Scale for Mental Effort (RSME) were administered to both groups. To analyze the data, univariate ANOVAs were conducted. The results indicated that under the conditions without a TPO the group with high trait anxiety had poorer processing efficiency, but under the conditions with a TPO they had poorer processing efficiency and poorer performance effectiveness than the group with low trait anxiety. In addition, the group with low trait anxiety showed poorer processing efficiency in the TPO compared to non-TPO condition. These findings provide support for the hypotheses of ACT regarding the relation between observer presence and poorer performance on neuropsychological tests, with individuals with higher trait anxiety showing greater negative effects. Implications and suggestions for further research are discussed.

  4. Polyclonal Recipient nTregs Are Superior to Donor or Third-Party Tregs in the Induction of Transplantation Tolerance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Pilat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Induction of donor-specific tolerance is still considered as the “Holy Grail” in transplantation medicine. The mixed chimerism approach is virtually the only tolerance approach that was successfully translated into the clinical setting. We have previously reported successful induction of chimerism and tolerance using cell therapy with recipient T regulatory cells (Tregs to avoid cytotoxic recipient treatment. Treg therapy is limited by the availability of cells as large-scale expansion is time-consuming and associated with the risk of contamination with effector cells. Using a costimulation-blockade based bone marrow (BM transplantation (BMT model with Treg therapy instead of cytoreductive recipient treatment we aimed to determine the most potent Treg population for clinical translation. Here we show that CD4+CD25+ in vitro activated nTregs are superior to TGFβ induced iTregs in promoting the induction of chimerism and tolerance. Therapy with nTregs (but not iTregs led to multilineage chimerism and donor-specific tolerance in mice receiving as few as 0.5 × 106 cells. Moreover, we show that only recipient Tregs, but not donor or third-party Tregs, had a beneficial effect on BM engraftment at the tested doses. Thus, recipient-type nTregs significantly improve chimerism and tolerance and might be the most potent Treg population for translation into the clinical setting.

  5. A simulation-based inventory management with genetic algorithm for uncertain demand for third-party logistics provider

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wuthichai Wongthatsanekorn

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to study and apply inventory management system for Third party logistics provider. Currently, the company uses economic order quantity to control inventory. The analysis of historical demand data shows that the demand is not deterministic. Hence, assumptions of using economic order quantity are violated. In this research, the simulation-based technique is applied to solve for optimal order quantity and reorder point. Since there are numerous items in the considered warehouse, ABC analysis is utilized to select important items to analyze. Then simulation and genetic algorithm are applied to find the optimal solution. Design of experiment with full factorial design is used to determine the best parameter setting of genetic algorithm. The performance measures are the average total inventory cost which composes of average ordering cost, average inventory holding cost and average lost sale cost. The results show that the average total cost for product code G2654, G2581, G0706, G2791 can be reduced by 73.43%, 49.86%, 28.50% and 13.38% respectively. For product code G2654, the average lost sale cost can be reduced by 85.30%. In summary, the solution from simulation and genetic algorithm provides better results than the one from economic order quantity method.

  6. Third Party Collections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    June 2008 Advisors: K. J. Euske N. Thibodeau B. Jones Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. THIS PAGE...K. J. Euske, Lead Advisor _____________________________________ N. Thibodeau , Support Advisor...to my project advisors, Professor Kenneth Euske, Professor Nicole Thibodeau and Professor Becky Jones for their support on this project. Their

  7. Research on logistics cost control of third party logistics enterprises%探究第三方物流企业成本的控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭小妹

    2015-01-01

    The third party logistics is still in the developing stage.In terms of logistics cost,there are some third party lo-gistics enterprises can not provide the service of the logistics products accurate cost control,coupled with the service product re-lated cost information is not clear,which directly leads to the logistics service pricing distortion and logistics cost control failure. On the basis of fully understanding of the structure of the third party logistics enterprises,the logistics enterprises in the process of its cost control problems,for the third party logistics enterprises to reduce logistics costs specific measures to play the core competitive advantage of the third party logistics enterprises,thereby promoting economic and social development.%第三方物流概念在我国仍处于发展阶段。就物流成本而言,有部分第三方物流企业不能对其所提供服务的物流产品进行准确的成本控制,加上对服务产品相关成本信息掌握不清,从而直接导致了物流服务定价失真和物流成本控制失效。在充分了解第三方物流企业成本结构的基础上,认识物流企业在其成本控制过程中存在的问题,为第三方物流企业提出降低物流成本具体的措施,发挥第三方物流企业的核心竞争优势,从而促进经济社会的发展。

  8. 辽宁省发展第三方物流对策及建议%The development countermeasures and suggestions of third party logistics in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李镜

    2014-01-01

    In the past two years,the Ministry of Transport has issued many guidance,and third party logistics industry encountered unprecedented opportunity of historical development. Effective third party logistics countermeasures and suggestions ensure health and rapid development of third party logistics;constantly develop the potential of logistics market. Expanding the scope of business is the vitality of third party logistics enterprise. Through the investigation on the national and Liaoning logistics industry and in-depth analysis,this paper puts forward the countermeasures and sug-gestions of developing of the third party logistics in Liaoning combining with the current situation of the development of logistics industry in Liaoning Province.%近两年,交通运输部先后颁布了关于交通运输推进第三方物流业健康发展的多项指导意见,第三方物流业遇到了前所未有的历史发展机遇。实施切实可行的第三方物流对策及建议,确保第三方物流的健康快速发展,不断开发潜在的物流市场,扩大业务范围是第三方物流企业的生命力所在。通过对国家及辽宁地区的物流发展政策的深入分析,结合辽宁省物流业的发展现况,有针对性地提出了辽宁发展第三方物流的对策及建议。

  9. The role of personal relationships between buyers and suppliers of third-party logistics services: A South African perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelvinne Mocke

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Personal relationships within the context of supply chain management is one of the least understood and researched areas in this field.Research purpose: The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the complexities relating to the interaction between buyers and suppliers of logistics services when personal relationships are involved.Research design, approach and method: A descriptive qualitative research strategy was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 suppliers and 8 buyers of logistic services within the South African third-party logistics industry.Main findings: The main findings indicate several benefits related to building personal relationships with a buyer or supplier of logistics services. These benefits include enhanced personal and business understanding, enhanced communication, enhanced trust, increased business volume, ease of doing business, enhanced problem-solving abilities, ease of conflict resolution and risk mitigation. Subsequently, aspects affecting the nature of the personal relationship were also identified. These include gender, relationship asymmetry, and the ability to adapt to different personalities.Practical implications: A long-term commitment towards a buyer or supplier was identified as essential in order to reap the associated benefits of forming personal relationships.Contribution: The main theoretical contribution of this study can be argued as empirically testing an existing personal relationship framework, confirming the transferability of the framework. Testing the framework in a different context yielded four additional benefits of personal relationships, four supplementary factors influencing the interaction between buyers and suppliers and an additional aspect influencing the nature of personal relationships, thus expanding the body of knowledge of this topic.

  10. Third party liability of nuclear installation decommissioning with Russian nuclear submarines as an example: insurance versus technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gavrilov, S.D. [PREKSAT Ltd., Moscow (Russian Federation); Derevyankin, A.A. [Reseaarch and Development Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering, Moscow (Russian Federation); Khamyanov, L.P. [All-Russian Research Institute on NPP Operation, Moscow (Russian Federation); Kovalenko, V.N. [Ministry for Nuclear Energy Of Russian, Moscow (Russian Federation); Kovalivich, O.M. [Research and Technological Center for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of Supervisory, Nuclear Energy State Commitee of Russia, Moscow (Russian Federation); Smirnov, P.L. [Nuclear Safety Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2001-07-01

    Third party and environment of civil liability damage caused by incidents at military nuclear installations, for instance at decommissioned NPS (nuclear powered submarines), may be divided into three main trends: -) Liability of NPS without high-enriched irradiated nuclear fuel (SNF) for its self-submersion (radiation incident); -) Liability of NPS with SNF aboard for its self-submersion (radiation incident); and -) Liability of floating NPS for its SNF discharge (nuclear accident). Without step-by-step transition from the Russian Federation guaranties to insurance and making allowance for liability limits according to the Vienna Convention approach, the sizes of the financial guarantee for the civil liability of the NPS owner (Russian state), in US dollars of 2000, are approximately assessed as the following: -) storing decommissioned NPS or a floating module without SNF - from 12 to 25 thousand dollars per year (per one submarine or module); -) storing decommissioned NPS with SNF inside reactors cores - from 25 to 40 thousand dollars per year; -) assembly-by-assembly removing SNF from reactors' core of decommissioned NPS - up to 1.5 million dollars for undamaged reactor per the discharging period; -) SNF removing within reactor using the filled in-space reactor's core by liquid-phased hardened or dispersed solid-phase materials from decommissioned NPS - from 30 to 50 thousand dollars for undamaged reactor per the discharging period. Both rates and sums for NPS with damaged reactors are to be estimated for the each damaged reactor and NPS at all. It is necessary to perform the measures reducing the risk of nuclear accidents of NPS with undamaged SNF and NPS with damaged reactors in possibly short time. It will allow not only to cut risks by ten times and more, but also to accumulate necessary insurance reserves faster. These measures can be partially or completely executed using the preventing measures reserves assigned to all decommissioned Russian NPS

  11. The Ethical Issues in Competitive Intelligence Activities Involving the Third Party%涉及第三方竞争情报活动的伦理道德问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉

    2003-01-01

    This article analyzes the ethical issues in competitive intelligence involving the third party, and describes the specific forms of immoral activities involving the third party. It puts forward the idea of restraining competitive intelligence behaviors from professional ethics and ethical education.

  12. 对我国第三人撤销之诉的反思%Reflections on the Appeal of Revocation by the Third Party in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛国清

    2014-01-01

    The protection of the interests of the third party is a widespread concern of every country’s civil litigation system.Researching the similar systems of related countries,we find the civil procedure law amended in 2012 and the third party opposition proceeding added,but the proceeding has contained certain problems,in-cluding unreasonable system arrangement,the limited applicable scope,and the unreasonable coordination with application for rehearing by a person other than those involved in the case.The ideal design is that in order to highlight the special relief function,the third party opposition proceeding should be placed behind the retrial procedure;the third party should be understood in a broad sense;namely,a person other than those involved in the case;the application for rehearing by a person other than those involved in the case and the third party op-position proceeding has the function of duplication so as to keep the third party opposition proceeding.%第三人利益的保护是各国民事诉讼普遍关注的内容。考察相关国家的类似制度我们发现,我国2012年修改的民事诉讼法增设的第三人撤销之诉存在着体例安排不合理、主体适用范围受限及与案外人申请再审制度并存设计不合理等问题。而较理想的设计是将第三人撤销之诉置于再审程序之后,以突出其特殊救济的功能;对第三人应作广义的理解,即案外第三人;鉴于案外人申请再审与第三人撤销之诉存在着功能上的重复,故保留第三人撤销之诉即可。

  13. 国际商事仲裁第三人制度研究%Research on the third party system in the international commercial arbitration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    茹艳爽

    2011-01-01

    Arbitration is one of the most mportant method of ADR,which is sometimes related to the third party.The Third Party Principle in the field of International Commercial Arbitration is set to resovle multi-national and multi-parties disputes.Considering The%仲裁第三制度就是为了解决多方当事人争议而发展起来的一种理论。国际商事纠纷的复杂性更需要一种经济、快捷的解决多方当事人的争议的纠纷解决机制。仲裁第三制度成为一种普遍选择和必然趋势。

  14. The Activity Based Costing method opportunity to assess and master the aircraft maintenance service cost for Third Party: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Driss Rchid

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This work illustrates how to calculate accurate aircraft maintenance costs using Activity Based Costing (ABC. Comparing to traditional cost calculation, the proposed method is useful for aircrafts maintenance activity integrated to Airline Company and who wants to diversify its revenue by selling some available maintenance slots to third party clients for a competitive price. This paper takes base maintenance check process of a Moroccan airline aircrafts maintenance activity as a case study. The actual method used to calculate aircraft maintenance check cost cant not be applied to third party client pricing system. The ABC method shows substantial benefits if it is successfully implemented. Data collection through interviews and questionnaires are the main sources to this study.

  15. Financing, Overhead, and Profit: An In-Depth Discussion of Costs Associated with Third-Party Financing of Residential and Commercial Photovoltaic Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feldman, D.; Friedman, B.; Margolis, R.

    2013-10-01

    Previous work quantifying the non-hardware balance-of-system costs -- or soft costs -- associated with building a residential or commercial photovoltaic (PV) system has left a significant portion unsegmented in an 'other soft costs' category. This report attempts to better quantify the 'other soft costs' by focusing on the financing, overhead, and profit of residential and commercial PV installations for a specific business model. This report presents results from a bottom-up data-collection and analysis of the upfront costs associated with developing, constructing, and arranging third-party-financed residential and commercial PV systems. It quantifies the indirect corporate costs required to install distributed PV systems as well as the transactional costs associated with arranging third-party financing.

  16. 第三方物流管理信息系统的分析与设计%Analysis and Design of Third Party Logistics Management Information System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁德波

    2014-01-01

    The logistics management information system plays an important role in the third party logistics enterprise ,can be called the central nervous the construction of modern logistics .This article mainly carries on the analysis to the third party logistics management information system ,and puts forward some suggestions on the design .%物流管理信息系统在第三方物流企业中具有重要意义,可以称得上是其构建现代物流的中枢神经。文中主要对第三方物流管理信息系统进行分析,对其设计提出部分建议。

  17. 第三方物流经营人民事法律责任概述%Summary of Civil Liabilities of Third Party Logistics Operators

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴坤埔

    2014-01-01

    对第三方物流经营人的含义、法律地位与责任形式进行了界定,讨论了《合同法》中关于第三方物流经营人对委托方法律责任的认定及其异同,最后对第三方物流经营人对实际物流经营人的追偿问题进行了讨论。%In this paper, we defined the connotation, legal status and liability form of the third party logistics operator, discussed the recognition of the liability against it in favor of the clients in the Contract Law, and at the end, studied the issues in the damage recovery of the third party logistics operator against the logistics activity providers.

  18. An SWOT analysis of Third Party Automobile Logistics Enterprises in China%我国第三方汽车物流企业SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑秀恋

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we analyzed the internal strength and weakness of the third party automobile logistics enterprises as well as the external opportunities and threats they faced, on the basis of which we suggested the strategies adoptable for third party automobile logistics enterprises in their development.%以战略管理中的重要工具SWOT矩阵为分析手段,对第三方汽车物流企业的内部优势、劣势以及它们所面临的外部机会和威胁进行了分析,并在此基础上建议性地提出第三方汽车物流企业应该采取的发展战略.

  19. The third Party Logistics Enterprise Service Research in our Country%我国第三方物流企业服务质量问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛晶晶

    2011-01-01

    The third party logistics enterprise to provide the service, service quality is the key to the enterprise competition. At present, China's logistics industry development, so have not yet been fully in the third party logistics appear in the process of development of a lot of questions. This paper analyzes the third party logistics enterprise service quality, analyzes the current situation of the third party logistics problems in the development of, and put forward the corresponding countermeasures.%第三方物流企业提供的是服务,服务质量是企业竞争的关键。目前我国第三方物流企业服务质量存在一些问题,主要有:物流企业的技术装备水平落后,信息化程度较低,服务效率不高;服务功能单一,服务质量较差;缺乏高素质的物流服务人才和先进的服务理念。深入分析我国物流服务质量存在的问题,以便完善第三方物流企业服务质量,构建完整的配套物流服务体系,这对我国第三方物流企业今后的发展具有重要的现实意义。

  20. Study on Anhui Third-party Logistics Enterprise's Core Competitiveness%浅议安徽省第三方物流企业核心竞争力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁艳明

    2014-01-01

    Objective to understand the current situation of the third party logistics enterprise core competitiveness in Anhui Province, and so as to offer advice to the person concerned and the government and businesses about the third party logistics enterprise core competitiveness.This paper combination of questionnaire investigation and literature research method to study the third party logistics enterprise core competitiveness in Anhui Province. The paper are about boosting the core competitiveness of the third party logistics enterprise in Anhui Province needs from the help of the government, and the perspective of building their own enterprise, and more attention to the customer's relation, and attaches great importance to the logistics personnel training.%文中研究的目的是为了解安徽省第三方物流企业核心竞争力发展情况,为政府、企业相关人士提高第三方物流核心竞争力提供建议。文中结合了调查法和文献研究法对安徽省第三方物流企业核心竞争力进行研究,指出提高安徽省第三方物流企业核心竞争力需要从依靠政府的支持、加强企业自身的建设、利用信息技术、重视客户关系管理、重视物流人才培养等方面入手。

  1. Analysis of Third Party Loan Guarantee and Performance of Non-Prime Household Loans in Microfinance Banks in Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Ndirangu Wachira

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Household loans remain the engine to productivity and economic growth globally. Non-prime household loan is essential, because it enables the borrowers with no collateral to access credit from Microfinance Banks. The survival and sustainability of non-prime household loans globally is therefore significant. Credit risk however remains the main deterrent of the soundness of Microfinance Banks. This leads to the poor performance of microfinance institutions in many economies in the world. Several countries globally are making inroad in reducing the credit risks, which lead to the poor performance of Microfinance Banks. It is still unknown why the credit risk affects the performance of non-prime household loans in the Microfinance Banks domiciled in Kenya. The reason for conducting this study is to determine the level at which the third party loan guarantee and the performance of non-prime household loans relate to the Microfinance Banks in Kenya. Particularly, this study is to determine how the amount secured by guarantee, recoveries from guarantors, percentage of loan secured, and percentage recoveries from guarantors relate to the performance of nonprime household loans in the Microfinance Banks in Kenya. The population was 516 senior management employees of the banks. The researcher conducted a multiple regression analysis for determining the relationship between the amount secured by guarantee—recoveries from guarantors, percentage granted, and percentage recoveries—and the performance of non-prime household loans. The R and R2 were used for determining the strength of the relationship and the coefficient of determination at 0.05 level of significance of variables. The result of this study reveals that there exists a strong relationship between the dependent and independent variables, thereby contradicting the null hypothesis, which states that the relationship does not exist. The percentage of the recoveries from the guarantors over the

  2. Adoption of protocols to amend the Paris convention on third party liability in the field of nuclear energy and the Brussels convention supplementary to the Paris convention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, S. W.; Jang, K. H.; Oh, B. J.; Song, J. M.; Jung, M. M.; Kim, H. J. [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-07-01

    To keep in line with the world-wide tendency to strengthen the nuclear third party liability system after the Chernobyl accident, the Protocols to amend the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy and the Brussels Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention was adopted on 12 February, 2004. The most important feature of the revised Paris Convention is an increase in the nuclear operator's liability amount from 15 million SDRs to a new minimum of 700 million Euros. For the additional compensation to those provided by the domestic liability regime, the revised Brussels Supplementary Convention will maintain its basic three-tier compensation system but with significantly increased amounts(As a result the total amount to be compensated according to the three tiers will be 15 billions Euros). The protocols to amend the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy will come into force when ratified by two thirds of the Signatory States, and the protocol to amend the Brussels Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention will come into force when ratified by all the Brussels Supplementary Convention Signatory States.

  3. 石化装置大检修第三方HSE管理探讨%Discussion on Third-party HSE Management during the Petrochemical Plants Maintenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王绪鹏; 辛平

    2012-01-01

    近年来,为加强装置大检修过程的HSE管理,部分石化企业在装置大检修过程中引入第三方HSE管理,取得了优秀的HSE业绩。总结近年石化装置大检修HSE管理实践经验,阐述了第三方HSE管理的概念及模式,并对第三方HSE管理的优势和实旄的具体做法进行了探讨,以为石化装置大检修的HSE管理提供参考。%In recent years, in order to strengthen HSE management, some petrochemiacal companies introduce the third-party HSE management during the plants maintenance, and have made excellent HSE performance. Summary of experience in the HSE management practice in recent years, this paper introduces the conception and the mode of third-party HSE management during the petrochemical plants maintenance, and discusses the advantages and the implementing method of third-party HSE management to provide reference for HSE management.

  4. Aspects concerning the lengths of the excluded shareholder’s liability towards third parties in the case of limited liability companies in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Stoican

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the current context of reinventing the trading company law, at the end of a lengthy and extremely difficult economic crisis, when every participant in the economic life tried to find their own way to adapt and make their activity survive the new social and commercial realities, not few were the cases when some of the Shareholders were excluded and their liability was drawn onto the legal person itself. Nevertheless, there is a type of legal liability of the former Shareholders, excluded from the Company, that still is quite deficiently regulated and, despite the sound argumentation and comprehensive regulation of Law no. 31/1990, it fails to provide a clear and detailed explanation of the consequences, namely, of the consequences the exclusion of a Shareholder has over the Third Parties of good-faith that the legal person (the Company had or continues to have legal relations with. This paper thus aims at analysing one of the main effects of excluding Shareholders from the company, namely the extent of their liability towards the Third Parties, and it is structured in five parts, as follows: 1 Introduction, 2 About the Shareholders’ exclusion, 3 The effects of excluding a Shareholder from the Limited Liability Company, 4 The excluded Shareholder’s liability towards the Third Parties and 5 Conclusions.

  5. Research on the Third-party Platform Responsibility of Online Food Trade%网络食品交易第三方平台责任研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋西桐

    2015-01-01

    The greatest highlight of the new Food Safety Law lies in the fact that the rules related to online food trade enters the legal regulation for the first time. This paper expounds the related regulations in the aspects of food safety management responsibility, security supervision, legal liability and so on of the third-party platform provider in online food trade. Based on the Article 62 and Article 131 in the new Food Safety Law, it analyzes the audit and review obligation of third-party platform provider of food trade to online food business operators in the third-party platform, the issues of safety management responsibilities in online food trade, the rules and regulations for the third-party platform provider, etc. It proposes the views that the third-party platform provider of online food trade has the audit and review obligations to online food business operators, the third-party platform provider plays a supporting role of supervision in the food safety management of online trade, the third-party platform provider of the online food trade takes the joint responsibility when consumer rights are violated, etc. The revision of the law undoubtedly promotes the development of internet e-commerce market, and acts as a bridge for the development of food security in online trade.%新《食品安全法》最大亮点在于网络食品交易相关的规范制度首次进入到法律规制当中.本文阐述了新《食品安全法》中网络食品交易第三方平台提供商的食品安全管理责任、安全监管、法律责任等几个方面的相关规定.分析了新《食品安全法》第六十二条、第一百三十一条中对食品交易第三方平台对入网食品经营者有审核、审查的义务,网络食品交易安全管理责任的问题,以及网络食品交易第三方平台提供者规则制度等问题.提出了网络食品交易第三方平台提供者对入网食品经营者具有的审核、审查义务,第三方平台提供者在网

  6. Licence fees for the wheeling of gas by third parties in accordance with Art. 2 Para. 6 of the Ordinance on Licence Fees; Konzessionsabgaben fuer die Durchleitung von Gas durch Drittlieferanten gemaess paragraph 2 Abs. 6 KAV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tittel, Frank; Otto, Stefan

    2009-12-15

    In recent times grid operators have been increasingly confronted with demands by third-party suppliers who supply their customers with gas through wheeling to charge them for third-party access at the low rates reserved for special contract customers and provide reimbursement for past overpayments. The Federal Cartel Office is of the opinion that third-party suppliers who are not primary suppliers may only be charged the low licence fees reserved for special contract customers as defined in Articles 2 Para. 3 No. 2 and 1 Para. 4 of the Ordinance on Licence Fees. This decision stands in contrast to earlier jurisdiction which ruled that it is permissible to charge third-party suppliers the high licence fees applicable to tariff customers. This calls for a thorough examination of the issue.

  7. 基于第三方认证的云服务信任模型%Cloud service trust models based on the third-party certification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文婧; 杜惠英; 吕廷杰

    2012-01-01

    This article constructed two cloud service trust game models with and without third party certification institutions, set up the cloud service trading mechanism and the trust management mechanism based on the third party certification using game theory, and finally compared the cloud service trust evaluation model with electronic commerce trust system. This article further perfected the credit evaluation methods of existing cloud providers, and provided decision-making information with more trust for cloud users. Through the models and mechanism above, we can draw a conclusion: to found third party certification institutions are an effective measures to control the risk of cloud computing environment.%基于云服务的特征,按照存在或不存在第三方认证机构建立两种云服务信任博弈模型,建立基于第三方认证的云服务交易机制与信任管理机制,最后构建云服务信任评价模型,并与电子商务的信任系统做了对比研究,进一步完善现有的云提供商信用水平评价方法,为云用户提供了更完善可信的决策信息.通过上述模型和机制的建立,得出结论:成立第三方认证机构是控制云计算环境下服务信任风险的有效措施.

  8. 第三方物流仓储的法律责任研究%Study on Legal Liabilities in Third Party Logistics Warehousing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨立杰

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we studied the background and significance of third party logistics warehousing as well as its legal relationship and the types of its legal liabilities.%主要从第三方仓储的背景和意义,以及其法律关系和法律责任的类型等方面进行了讨论,以对第三方物流仓储的法律责任提供一些借鉴.

  9. 试论第三方软件测试发展现状及对策%On the development status and Countermeasures of the third party software testing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文娟

    2016-01-01

    In this paper,the author current traffic information industry third party software test status based on,starts from the importance of the third party software test,summed up the characteristics of the third party testing,and then analyzes the status of the third party software testing and summarizes the problems existed in China's third-party software testing development.Finally on how to further promote the development of the third party software testing expressed their views,hope and provide the reference for the researchers in related fields.%本文笔者就当前交通运行信息行业第三方软件测试现状基础上,首先从第三方软件测试的重要性入手,归纳了第三方测试的特点,然后分析了第三方软件测试的现状,总结了我国第三方软件测试发展存在的问题,最后就如何进一步促进第三方软件测试发展发表了自己的看法,希望为相关领域的研究者提供参考和借鉴。

  10. On Third Party Logistics Packaging Problems in China%我国第三方物流包装问题初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛小英

    2012-01-01

    Packaging in the logistics system plays an important role.With the changes in the consumer market,logistics packaging goes beyond the function of protection,linking the whole supply chain,thus,a professional third party logistics packaging emerges as the times require.This paper discusses the features,advantages,and the problems of the third party logistics packaging,and also gives the corresponding countermeasures.%包装在整个物流系统运行中有着重要作用,但随着消费市场的变化,物流包装已不仅止于保护功能,更多与整个供应链联系起来,于是专业的第三方物流包装应运而生。文章就第三方物流包装的特点、优势等方面展开讨论,并指出我国第三方物流包装存在的问题以及发展对策。

  11. Game analysis of supply chain management and third party logistics%供应链管理与第三方物流的博弈分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高学用; 李妮; 冯四龙

    2013-01-01

      文章概述了供应链管理的运作流程和第三方物流形成起源,从博弈论的角度分析了供应链核心成员与第三方物流企业的合作问题,通过假设案例分析,由博弈论得出:在有限次多重博弈中纳什均衡存在的必要条件为每一阶段博弈的纳什均衡都成立。%This article provides an overview of supply chain management in the operation of the process and the third party logistics formation origin,from the perspective of game theory analysis of the cooperation of supply chain core members and third party logistics enterprise,through the analysis of hypothetical cases,obtained from the game theory :necessary condition for Nash equilibrium exists in the game in the limited time for each Nash equilibrium a stage game are established.

  12. Problems and Countermeasures of Third Party Logistics Service in China%我国第三方物流服务存在的问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张清

    2016-01-01

    随着经济全球化的发展,物流作为公认的“第三利润源”,受到全球范围内的广泛关注。物流服务就是物流企业或是企业的物流部门从处理客户订货开始,直至商品送客户过程中,为满足客户要求,有效地完成商品供应、减轻客户物流作业负荷所进行的全部活动。然而在这个市场竞争异常激烈的时代,第三方物流逐渐引起人们的重视,人们开始注重核心竞争力,把不属于核心竞争力的要素外包,虽然我国的第三方物流市场潜力巨大,但因为行业起步较晚,第三方物流整体行业水平发展低下。要使我国第三方物流业得到快速发展,不仅需要提高自身的物流管理水平,政府的参与和必要的政策支持,还需要加强利用服务创新来改善我国第三方物流服务所存在的问题。相信随着我国经济的快速发展以及政府政策的大力支持,物流服务将逐渐成为拉动经济增长的一个新引擎。%With the development of economic globalization, logistics as recognized as "the third profit source", received extensive attention worldwide. Logistics service includes all the activities from handling of customer orders to customer receiving the goods carried out by logistics enterprises or logistics department of the enterprises to meet the requirements of customers, effectively finish goods supply, and reduce customer logistics operation load. In this era of fierce market competition, however, the third party logistics gradually aroused people's attention, people began to pay attention to the core competitiveness, and outsource the elements which do not belong to core competence. The third party logistics market potential is tremendous in China, but because this industry started relatively late, the third party logistics industry development level is low. To make China’s third party logistics get rapid development, it not only needs to improve their

  13. Decision Making for Third Party Logistics Supplier Selection in Semiconductor Manufacturing Industry: A Nonadditive Fuzzy Integral Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bang-Ning Hwang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The semiconductor industry has a unique vertically disintegrated structure that consists of various firms specializing in a narrow range of the value chain. To ensure manufacturing and logistics efficiency, the semiconductor manufacturers considerably rely on 3PL suppliers to achieve supply chain excellence. However, 3PL supplier selection is a complex decision-making process involving multiple selection criteria. The goal of this paper is to identify the key 3PL selection criteria by employing the nonadditive fuzzy integral approach. Unlike the traditional multicriterion decision-making (MCDM methods which often assume independence among criteria and additive importance weights, the nonadditive fuzzy integral is a more effective approach to solve the dependency among criteria, vagueness in information, and essential fuzziness of human judgment. In this paper, we demonstrate an empirical case that employs the nonadditive fuzzy integral to evaluate the importance weight of selection criteria and choose the most appropriate 3PL supplier. The research result can become a valuable reference for manufacturing companies operating in comparable situations. Moreover, the systematic framework presented in this study can be easily extended to the analysis of other decision-making domains.

  14. Discuss the Third Party Logistics Enterprise Information Management of Our Country%论我国第三方物流企业信息管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈银凤; 马双

    2012-01-01

    随着电子商务日新月异的发展,第三方物流在中国也大规模地展开.并成为我国国民经济发展中一支重要的新生力量。但在中国,物流信息化是近些年才逐步发展起来的.大多数物流企业和IT厂商都还处于一个逐步摸索的阶段..其中,很多物流企业是从原来的交通运输企业或仓储企业转型而来,所以缺乏必要的管理信息系统和业务整合集成,很难适应网上电子商务对物流配送的要求,这已经成为制约我国第三方物流发展的主要瓶颈之一。就以此为思路,分析我国第三方物流的发展现状和面临的问题,并提出一些解决对策。%As electronic commerce changing with each passing day, the third party logistics in China also launches on a large scale, and becomes China's economic development in one of the most important new blood. But in China, the logistics information is only in recent years gradually developed, most logistics enterprise and IT companies are still in a gradually grope for stage. Among them, a lot of logistics enterprise transforming and coming from the former transportation enterprise or storage enterprise, and they are lack of necessary management information system and integrated business mostly, and hard to adapt to the online electronic commercial logistics and distribution of the requirements, which have become restriction of the third party logistics development of one of the main bottleneck. This paper in this way, analyzes the current situation of the development of the third party logistics, existing problems, and puts forward some solving countermeasures.

  15. Third- party Blog Marketing Evaluation Based on the SWOT Theory%基于SWOT理论的第三方博客营销评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙济庆; 应璇

    2011-01-01

    Combined with the SWOT analysis, the paper evaluates the behavior using third - party blog marketing objectively and comprehensively in different angles, expounds the advantages and disadvantages of this blog marketing with examples and all of the opportunities and threats that would face in the future. Meanwhile some helpful references are provided to enterprises blog marketing application.%结合SWOT分析法,从不同的角度对利用第三方博客进行营销的行为给予客观全面的评价,结合案例阐述了这种博客营销的优劣势及其所面临的机会和威胁等,为企业的应用博客营销提供有益参考,并为企业如何规避风险提供了一些对策建议.

  16. 物联网在第三方物流中的应用%Application of IOT in Third Party Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉莲

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we first analyzed the business process of the traditional third party logistics enterprises, discussed the existing shortcomings, then proposed the TPL business process based on IOT and at the end, investigated the application of the IOT in the links of transportation, warehousing and distribution, etc.%首先分析了传统代理物流企业的业务流程,探讨了其存在的弊端;然后提出了基于物联网的第三方物流业务流程;最后深入研究了物联网在第三方物流操作流程,如运输环节、仓储环节及配送环节的具体应用。

  17. Criticality accident in uranium fuel processing plant. Efficacy of insurance and third party inspection system. Capability margins of insurance, in view of bitter experience at JCO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izumi, Taiichiro [Songaihokenryoritsusanteikai (Japan)

    2000-08-01

    Among persons relating to safety engineering, most of them point out merit and demerit of safety theory in Japan since a long term before. Under national policy aiming at growth and expansion due to a policy under leading of government after war, running for about 50 years remained some strains containing a number of contradictions and absurdities in various fields. Here was described mainly on how to be done safety accident protection and inspection on a base of happenings incidentally seen at a chance of the criticality accident. Therefore, here were also established some viewpoints such as transferable risk, limit from insurance feature, genealogy of insurance, under-writing, and risk management, to mention effectiveness of the third party inspection with closed relationship with accident insurance. (G.K.)

  18. [Support provided by third parties and the reaction of close female caregivers in the care of elderly persons with loss of autonomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demers, A; Lavoie, J P; Drapeau, A

    1992-01-01

    This article is about the relation between, on the one hand, support provided by third parties and, on the other, the burden and the depression experienced by the main female supporters who care for the elderly suffering from physical or cognitive problems. The authors examine the hypothesis that social support is not homogeneous across the board and that the different types of support are likely to have different effects on elders with adverse reactions to the caring process. Data originates from a study that was conducted in the Montréal area in 1990 with 159 female supporters living with an elder requiring care who requested support services from formal and informal networks. Hierarchical regression analyses show that the variables in connection with care dispensed by the network play a limited role in attempting to explain the depression and burden levels. Furthermore, these analyses confirm the hypothesis of the variables' narrow range of influence.

  19. Developing the Modern Third Party Logistics of Grain%大力发展现代粮食第三方物流

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈倬; 黄浩润

    2011-01-01

    粮食物流的效率直接关系粮食安全。我国粮食物流的现状及第三方物流的专业优势,决定着我国必须大力发展粮食第三方物流,这是我国实现粮食物流现代化、保障粮食安全的重要举措。%The efficiency of grain logistics is directly our grain logistics and the party logistics of grain. It is security. professional advantages an important measure to related to food security. As third party logistics, we realize the modernization of the present situation of must develop the third grain logistics and food

  20. 物流金融三方价值链提升模式研究%Study on Mode for Improving Logistics Finance Third Party Value Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    竺华奇

    2011-01-01

    The paper first introduces the concept and basic operational mode of logistics finance, then analyzes the importance of logistics finance for the financing enterprises, logistics providers and financial institutions and finally proposes the mode for improving the third party value chain in logistics finance.%首先阐述了物流金融的相关概念和基本运行模式,然后分析了物流金融对融资企业、物流企业以及金融机构的价值,最后提出了物流金融三方价值链提升的模式,以推进物流金融更好更快地发展.

  1. Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Programs; Medicaid Managed Care, CHIP Delivered in Managed Care, and Revisions Related to Third Party Liability. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    This final rule modernizes the Medicaid managed care regulations to reflect changes in the usage of managed care delivery systems. The final rule aligns, where feasible, many of the rules governing Medicaid managed care with those of other major sources of coverage, including coverage through Qualified Health Plans and Medicare Advantage plans; implements statutory provisions; strengthens actuarial soundness payment provisions to promote the accountability of Medicaid managed care program rates; and promotes the quality of care and strengthens efforts to reform delivery systems that serve Medicaid and CHIP beneficiaries. It also ensures appropriate beneficiary protections and enhances policies related to program integrity. This final rule also implements provisions of the Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (CHIPRA) and addresses third party liability for trauma codes.

  2. Improving iSC performance through outsourcing - Considerations for using third-party service providers to increase innovation, capacity and efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Martin; Forster, Gary; Beale, John

    2017-04-19

    Development partners and donors have encouraged and incentivized governments in developing countries to explore ways of working with third-party service suppliers to reduce costs and increase service delivery capacity. The distribution of vaccines and medicines has for a long time shown demand for outsourcing but public health systems have struggled to develop the expertise and capital assets necessary to manage such ventures. Existing transport and logistics capacity within public health systems, in particular, is well documented as being insufficient to support existing, let alone future immunization needs. Today, a number of countries are contracting party logistics providers (3PLs) to supplement the in-house distribution operations of public health systems. This commentary reflects on recent, leading examples of outsourcing initiatives to address critical gaps in transport and logistics. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  3. Exploring the market for third-party-owned residential photovoltaic systems: insights from lease and power-purchase agreement contract structures and costs in California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Carolyn; Steinberg, Daniel; Margolis, Robert

    2015-02-01

    Over the past several years, third-party-ownership (TPO) structures for residential photovoltaic (PV) systems have become the predominant ownership model in the US residential market. Under a TPO contract, the PV system host typically makes payments to the third-party owner of the system. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the total TPO contract payments made by the customer can differ significantly from payments in which the system host directly purchases the system. Furthermore, payments can vary depending on TPO contract structure. To date, a paucity of data on TPO contracts has precluded studies evaluating trends in TPO contract cost. This study relies on a sample of 1113 contracts for residential PV systems installed in 2010-2012 under the California Solar Initiative to evaluate how the timing of payments under a TPO contract impacts the ultimate cost of the system to the customer. Furthermore, we evaluate how the total cost of TPO systems to customers has changed through time, and the degree to which contract costs have tracked trends in the installed costs of a PV system. We find that the structure of the contract and the timing of the payments have financial implications for the customer: (1) power-purchase contracts, on average, cost more than leases, (2) no-money-down contracts are more costly than prepaid contracts, assuming a customer’s discount rate is lower than 17% and (3) contracts that include escalator clauses cost more, for both power-purchase agreements and leases, at most plausible discount rates. In addition, all contract costs exhibit a wide range, and do not parallel trends in installed costs over time.

  4. 第三方物流绩效评价管理体系研究%Study on Third Party Logistics Performance Evaluation Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we introduced the principle and points worthy of note in the planning and design of third party logistics performance evaluation management systems, analyzed emphatically the index system and content framework in the evaluation, approached the design and planning of the index on the aspects of internal performance and external performance and designed the index from a functional perspective such as financial performance and performance for the links of purchasing, transportation, distribution and warehousing, etc. and the index of customer satisfaction performance. At the end, on the basis of the index system constructed, we presented the specfic process for the evaluation of third party logistics performance as well as the mathematically derivation process of the operational mechanism.%首先概述了第三方物流绩效评价管理体系规划和设计中应该注意的原则和事项,接着重点分析研究了第三方物流绩效评价的指标体系和内容框架,从内部绩效和外部绩效两个方面考察了其指标的设计和规划问题,主要从财务绩效、采购运输配送仓储等环节的功能性绩效以及客户绩效等方面进行了指标设计,最后在这些绩效评价指标体系的基础上,进行了第三方物流具体绩效评价流程和操作机制的数学计算过程推导.

  5. Private Database Queries With a Quantum Third Party%基于量子第三方的隐私数据库查询协议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张昭; 王洪; 马智

    2014-01-01

    保障查询数据库时用户及数据库的隐私性具有重要意义。该文利用三光子 GHZ(Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger)态的量子关联性,提出一个基于量子第三方的隐私数据库查询协议。协议对于信道损耗具有很高的容忍度,并且能够有效地抵抗第三方发动伪造量子纠缠态和量子记忆存储攻击。在第三方的帮助下,协议能够确定地控制用户获得数据库隐私信息的数量。同时,利用Mermin-Bell不等式进行真正的三方纠缠验证保证协议的安全性,这一思想也拓展了设备无关纠缠验证的应用领域。%It is of great importance to guarantee the privacy of the database and users when the database is being queried. A private database queries protocol based on a quantum Third Party (TP) is proposed by utilizing the quantum correlation of three-photon Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states. The proposed protocol is highly tolerant of channel loss and robust against fake entangled state attack and quantum memory attack implemented by the third party. With the help of the TP, the amount of private information obtained by the users from the database is deterministically controllable in the proposed protocol. Furthermore, the true tripartite entanglement witness by using Mermin-Bell inequality can ensure the security of the protocol, which expands the application area of Device-Independent (DI) entanglement witnesses.

  6. 扬州市第三方物流发展存在问题及对策研究%Yangzhou Third-Party Logistics Development Problems and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁小龙

    2011-01-01

    从扬州实际出发,分析了扬州市第三方物流发展现状及存在问题,提出了扬州市第三方物流发展的对策。其对扬州乃至其他城市发展第三方物流业有着积极的促进作用及借鉴意义。%This article from the reality of Yangzhou,analyzes the Yangzhou the third party logistics development situation and existing problems,and proposed the Yangzhou third party physical distribution development countermeasure.It has a positive role in promoting and reference to Yangzhou and even other urban development third party logistics.

  7. Guangxi third-party logistics enterprise development strategies under resource integration Perspective%资源整合视域下广西第三方物流企业发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴海琼

    2012-01-01

      The degree of development of third-party logistics can reflect and embody the overall level of the Guangxi logistics industry development. status quo of the development of Guangxi third party logistics enterprises and the need for logistics resources integration were Analyzed, based on enterprise resources integration network, Guangxi third-party logistics enterprises resources expansive integration strategy were raised.%  第三方物流的发展程度能反映和体现广西物流业发展的整体水平。分析广西第三方物流企业发展的现状和物流资源整合的必要性,以企业资源整合网络为基础,提出广西第三方物流企业资源扩张性整合策略。

  8. Study on Chongqing’s Third Party Logistics Present Situation, Problems and Development%重庆市发展第三方物流的现状、问题及发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙明月; 李乾铭

    2016-01-01

    This paper, combining with the development of Chongqing ’s third party logistics advantages, resources and the market situation, analyzes the existing problems in the development of third party logistics, and puts forward the corresponding development suggestions, aiming at improving the development level of the third party logistics in Chongqing and contributing to the development of regional economy.%文章结合重庆市第三方物流的发展优势、资源与市场情况,分析第三方物流发展存在的问题,并提出相应的发展建议,旨在提高重庆市第三方物流的发展水平,为地区经济的发展做出贡献。

  9. “一带一路”背景下的海南农产品第三方物流%The Third-party Logistics Industry of Hainan Agricultural Products under"the Belt and Road Initiatives"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何晓爽

    2015-01-01

    "The Belt and Road Initiatives" has brought new opportunities and challenges to the development of the third-party logistics industry of Hainan agricultural products. There are some advices to promote the development of the third-party logistics of Hainan agricultural products such as making full use of the advantages of Hainan natural resources, speeding up the construction of infrastructure and the agricultural product logistics park, raising farmers' awareness of the third-party logistics services, cultivating the third-party logistics professionals of agricultural products actively, improving the third-party operation mode of agricultural products, and enhancing the level of informatization technology of agricultural products logistics enterprises. At the same time, the government's support for agricultural products logistics industry should be specific and effective to promote the Hainan third-party logistics of agricultural products remarkably developing and the rural residents' income further increasing.%“一带一路”给海南农产品第三方物流业的发展带来了新的机遇和挑战。要充分利用海南的优越条件,加快基础设施和农产品物流园区的建设,提高农民对第三方物流服务的意识,积极培养农产品第三方物流专业人才,改进农产品第三方运作模式,提高农产品物流企业的信息化水平。同时,政府对农产品物流产业的扶持要有具体有效的措施,促进海南农产品第三方物流长足发展以及农村居民收入进一步提高。

  10. Draft law concerning the agreement concluded on 22 October 1986 by the Federal Republic of Germany and the Swiss Confederation, on third party liability in the nuclear energy field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-10-06

    The bill is intented to improve the liability regime for the protection of the population of the two neighbour countries against possible transfrontier effects of nuclear facilities of the two countries. The third-party liability agreement has been signed on 22 October 1986 in Bern/Switzerland to the effect that the Swiss Confederation is regarded as having acceded to the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability. The bill in hand is to create the basis for a ratification of the agreement, in accordance with Art. 59, para 2, 1st sentence of the Basic Law.

  11. 安徽省第三方物流企业核心竞争力研究%The Third Party Logistics Enterprise in Anhui Province Core Competitive Power Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璇

    2011-01-01

    分析安徽省第三方物流企业的现状,从核心竞争力的角度出发,对如何提高安徽省第三方物流企业的核心竞争力进行研究。%This paper analysis based on the third party logistics in Anhui province the current situation of the enterprise,core competence from the perspective of Anhui province,on how to improve the third party logistics enterprise's core competitiveness research.

  12. 家具业采用第三方物流的趋势与对策——南康家具业的实证分析%Analysis on Using Third-Party Logistics in Furniture Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丹; 彭阔东

    2012-01-01

    以南康家具业为例,通过分析提出我国家具业采用第三方物流的必然趋势。并对发展家具行业第三方物流提出了相应的建议。%The paper presents that in future third-party logistics will he used in furniture industry, and puts forward some suggestions to the third-party logistics of furniture industry development.

  13. 呼伦贝尔市发展第三方物流的现状分析%Analysis on Development of the Third Party Logistics in Hulun Buir Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璇

    2016-01-01

    The paper, combining the development superiority of third party logistics, resources and the market conditions in Hulun Buir region, analyzes the existing problems in the development of third party logistics, and puts forward the corresponding development suggestions.%文章结合呼伦贝尔市第三方物流的发展现状、资源与市场情况,分析第三方物流发展存在的问题,并提出相应的发展建议。

  14. 受第三方控制的量子安全对话方案%Controlled by a Third Party to Realize Quantum Secure Dialogue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹昕; 叶志清

    2012-01-01

    通过量子隐形传态只能单向传递信息,从某种意义上说,并不是真正的“通信”,本文提出一个由第三方控制的量子双向通信方案:通信双方经过幺正变换实现信息编码,然后分别对自己拥有的粒子进行贝尔基联合测量,公布测量结果,在控制方同意的情况下,实现量子安全对话,而控制方并不知道对话内容.由于控制方的加入,大大增强了量子对话的安全性,使得这一方案更趋完美.通过量子信道实现了经典信息的安全双向通信,它在未来量子安全对话、量子保密通信的实际应用中能起到重要的参考作用.%In a sense, quantum teleportation by which information could only be transferred in one-way is not a perfect mode of communication. Thus, a scheme of two-way quantum communication controlled by a third party is proposed. Firstly, both sides of communication need accomplish information encoding through some unitary transformations. Then they should perform Bell-state measurements(BSMs) to their own qubits respectively, and announce the measured results. With the permission of the controller, two sides of communication could realize the quantum dialogue without divulging information to controller. Because of the join of a third party, safety of quantum dialogue is greatly enhanced, which makes this scheme better. According to the realization of secure two-way quantum communication, the scheme may be a good reference in practical application of quantum secure dialogue and quantum private communication.

  15. 第三方物流企业主导的实时供应链管理系统%Real-time Management System of Supply Chains Dominated by Third Party Logistics Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦新生

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, in view of the problems in the service provision of third party logistics enterprises, we analyzed the functional demand of the third party logistics enterprise information system on the aspects of supply chain plan and supply chain implementation and then compared it with the wireless RFID technology. Then on the basis of the application of the wireless RFID technology in the third party logistics enterprises, we established the real—time management system of supply chains dominated by third party logistics enterprises, and then introduced the application and effect of the system.%针对第三方物流企业服务中存在的问题,从供应链计划和供应链执行方面分析了第三方物流企业信息系统的功能需求,将其与无线射频识别技术的功能对比,基于无线射频技术在第三方物流企业中的应用,构建第三方物流企业主导的实时供应链管理系统,并介绍系统了的应用和效果.

  16. 基于SaaS的第三方物流企业信息平台架构及其应用%Information Platform Architecture and Its Application of Third-Party Logistics Enterprises Based on SaaS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平; 赵昆

    2013-01-01

      为了解决中小型第三方物流企业在信息化建设中遇到的问题,并使其在竞争中获得优势,本文首先提出基于一个云计算的第三方物流应用模式,在此基础上,提出基于SaaS的第三方物流企业信息平台架构,然后对SaaS模式物流信息系统的总体结构进行设计,并分析SaaS模式为中小型第三方物流企业带来的优势。%In order to solve the problems of information systems for small and medium-sized third-party logistics enterprises,and make the enterprises gain advantages in competition, this paper puts forwards an application pattern of third-party logistics enterprises based on the cloud computing at first. On this basis, the information platform architecture of third-party logistics enterprise is proposed based on SaaS. And then, the overall structure of the logistics information system is designed. Finally, the benefits that SaaS brings for the third-party logistics enterprises are analyzed.

  17. Comprehensive Evaluation Forthe Cost-Competitive of Third-Party Logistics%第三方物流企业成本竞争力综合评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成灶平

    2012-01-01

    When the customers select the third-party logistics service, cost control is the first consideration, this paper presents the concept of "cost-competitive of third-party logistics". This paper establishes an evaluation index system of cost-competitive of third-party logistics, using the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model to evaluate the cost-competitive of third-party logistics in our country.%客户在选择第三方物流服务的时候,成本控制是第一位的考量。提出了第三方物流企业成本竞争力的概念,构建出了基于成本管理与控制的第三方物流企业成本竞争力评价指标体系,引入模糊综合评价模型,全面地对我国第三方物流企业的成本竞争进行量化评判和分析。

  18. Selection Method of the Third-party Logistics Service Provider of Agricultural Products%农产品第三方物流服务商选择方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石军刚

    2012-01-01

    分析了农产品物流模式及选择第三方物流的必要性,在给出农产品第三方物流服务商评价指标后,提出利用主成分赋权法确定指标权重,并针对农产品第三方物流服务商评价中存在不确定性,提出利用区间数刻画评价结果,得到一种基于不确定性的农产品第三方物流服务商选择方法.%This paper analyzed the logistics pattern of agricultural products and the necessary of selecting the third-party logistics service. Based on the evaluation index of the third-party logistics service providers for agricultural products, it was proposed to use the principal component weighting method to determine the index weight, then according to the uncertainties in evaluating the third-party logistics service providers for agricultural products, the interval numbers were adopted to characterize the evaluation results. Finally, the uncertainty-based selection method of the third-party logistics service provider for agricultural products was presented.

  19. Luminescent properties and structure of multicomponent naphthalene-{beta}-cyclodextrin complexes. 1. Effect of adding third parties, o-carborane or/and adamantane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nazarov, Valery B. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Moscow region, Chernogolovka (Russian Federation); Avakyan, Vitaly G., E-mail: avak@photonics.ru [Photochemistry Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, 119421 Moscow, Novatorov 7a (Russian Federation); Rudyak, Vladimir Y.; Alfimov, Michail V. [Photochemistry Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, 119421 Moscow, Novatorov 7a (Russian Federation); Vershinnikova, Tatiana G. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Moscow region, Chernogolovka (Russian Federation)

    2011-09-15

    Luminescence spectra of water solution of {beta}-cyclodextrin ({beta}-CD) inclusion complexes with naphthalene have been studied in the presence of carcass compounds (CC), adamantane and ocarborane, added in solution as the third parties. It was observed that the CC structure completely determines luminescence type displayed by the three-component complex. Adding adamantane to the solution leads to the disappearance of the spontaneous excimer fluorescence observed usually along with a monomer fluorescence of naphthalene and the appearance of the long lived phosphorescence at room temperature. At the same time, introducing o-carborane in solution of {beta}-CD inclusion complexes with naphthalene results in the dramatic growth of intensity of the excimer band at the expense of lowering intensity of monomer fluorescence. These phenomena were explained using results of the quantum-chemical calculation of the structure and complexation energies at the semi-empirical PM3 and DFT levels of theory. - Highlights: > Structure of carcass compounds determines luminescence types for naphthalene - betaCD complex. > Adding o-carborane leads to the growth of excimer fluorescence at low naphthalene concentrations. > Adding adamantane leads to the room temperature phosphorescence without deoxygenation.

  20. [The effects of a recipient's openness and conveyance to a third party of the self-disclosure on changes in the discloser's liking and self-disclosure].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oguchi, T

    1990-08-01

    One hundred and ninety-nine university students (101 males, 98 females) served in a study designed to examine various factors affecting a discloser's degree of liking of and self-disclosure to a recipient. Specifically, the effects of (1) the recipient's degree of openness (high, low), (2) whether or not the recipient conveyed the discloser's self-disclosure to a third party (yes, no), and (3) the intimacy of self-disclosure by the discloser (high, low) were assessed in terms of (a) change in self-disclosure by the discloser and (b) change in liking by the discloser. Results confirmed the hypotheses that: (1) the degree of openness of the recipient and the conveyance of self-disclosure by the recipient would interact with change in the discloser's liking of and self-disclosure to the recipient, and, (2) the degree of openness of the recipient and the intimacy of self-disclosure would interact with change in the discloser's liking of and self-disclosure to the recipient. Moreover, females were found to be more sensitive than males to conveyance by the recipient.

  1. 基于ARM的ModBus第三方接口协议模块%Third Party Protocol Transfer of ModBus Based on ARM Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申万义; 黄玉宝; 谷一

    2013-01-01

      为满足工业现场各种不同类型模块现场总线之间的数据相互传输的要求,设计了基于ARM硬件和软件体系的第三方接口协议模块。该模块由电源电路,CPU电路,逻辑控制电路和电平转换电路构成,并且基于ARM内核构成各个接口数据采集的驱动程序,实现了不同模块和不同协议之间的信息与数据的传输。测试和实际应用表明,该模块具有较高的实用性和可靠性等优点,达到了预期目的。%Design a third-party protocol module based on ARM hardware and software system to meet the requirement of data transfer and store between some different kinds of modules in industry field. The module consists of power circuit,CPU circuit, logic control circuit and voltage transfer circuit. Driver programs of data collection interface are designed based on ARM core and it realize the data and information transfer in different modules and different protocols. Practicability and reliability are proved in test and practical application.

  2. Personalized privacy protection for third-party service platform%面向第三方服务平台的隐私保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜文广; 孙宇清

    2012-01-01

    提出了面向第三方服务平台的隐私保护模型,支持用户定义个性化隐私策略,以满足不同用户的隐私偏好,并实施相应的访问控制,有效保护用户数据.设计实现了支持这一隐私保护模型的中间件,并应用到山东省制造业信息化服务平台系统中.%A privacy protection model for the third-party service platform was established in which users are allowed to define privacy policies according to their preferences and the privacy policy can be enforced by the system via access control modules. A middleware was designed to support the proposed privacy protection model and to apply it to the Shandong manufacturing information platform. Experiments showed that the proposed model and enforcement mechanism could effectively protect user privacy and satisfy their personalized privacy requirements.

  3. Third-Party Finance Leasing Companies Financing Models Study%第三方融资租赁公司融资模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武倩雯

    2014-01-01

    Financial instruments as bank credit and finance lease combining real credit, but now our third-party leasing companies large funding gap , broaden the financing model is imperative to improve the development of fi-nancial leasing companies.This paper focuses on innovative financing models, our country should draw support from finance leasing companies to build a diversified financing models conclusions .%融资租赁是银行信用和实物信用结合而产生的金融工具,但是目前我国第三方融资租赁公司资金缺口较大,拓宽融资模式是改善融资租赁公司发展的当务之急。通过对创新型的融资模式的分析可以看出,我国应支持融资租赁公司构建多元化的融资模式。

  4. Legal Reflections on Group Purchase Online of the Third Party%第三方网络团购引发的法律思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱蕾

    2012-01-01

    As a new e-commerce mode,group purchase online has become the most popular form of shopping due to its convenience.However,in a time of its rapid growth,such problems have cropped up as false descriptions,consumer fraud,difficulties in right protection,which does harm to the healthy development of the industry.This article describes the development status of China's group purchase online,analyzes the main problems existed in the group purchase of the third party and puts forward some development strategies.%网络团购作为一种新兴的电子商务模式,因方便快捷等优势成为目前最流行的一种购物形式。然而,网络团购在高速发展的同时,虚假描述、消费欺诈、维权困难等问题随之而来,给团购行业的健康发展带来很大危机。本文介绍了我国网络团购的发展现状,着重分析第三方网络团购存在的主要问题,并提出了相应的发展对策。

  5. The Role of Third Party Logistics in Supply Chain Integration%第三方物流在供应链整合中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张珈源

    2013-01-01

    With the development of economic globalization and increasing changes in market, supply chain competition between enter-prises is becoming more important and its integration becomes a trend, which is a source of sustainable profits and a chal enge to its management. Third-party logistics has becomean effective way for its unique independence andspecialization. The essay through the problem ofsupply chainintegration in ourcountry, telsin detailtherole ofthird-party logisticsin the integrationprocess ofsupply chain.%随着经济全球化的发展和市场变化日益加快,企业之间的竞争正日趋演变为供应链与供应链之间的角逐,供应链整合成为趋势。第三方物流以其自身特有的独立化、专业化优势,成为促进供应链整合、提高供应链物流运作效率的一种有效方式。文章通过我国供应链整合存在的问题,分析了第三方物流在供应链整合过程中的作用。

  6. Analysis of Third Party Payment Risk Analysis and Countermeasures%浅析第三方支付风险分析及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵颖妤

    2014-01-01

    Under the environment of e-commerce transactions, the larger obstacles for online payment, because of the risk of all aspects of the law and funds, resulting in the risk of the existence of more. The risk of third party payment, puts forward corre-sponding solving measures, so as to give some inspiration to promote the sound development of the electronic commerce.%在电子商务环境下,其所面临的较大交易阻碍为网上支付,由于法律和资金等各方面存在的风险,致使其存在较多的风险。该文就第三方支付当中存在的风险,提出对应的解决措施,以期对促进电子商务的良好发展有所启示。

  7. Evaluation of Firm Bond with Correlated Third Party Guarantee%考虑相关性的第三方担保价值的评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘易; 任学敏; 花虹

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the pricing model for firm bond with the correlated third party guarantee in structural approach, which considers that the guarantor may default due to the immediate future payment caused by the default of the secured party. With the proposed model, a terminal boundary-value problem of partial differential equation (PDE) is derived. A numerical analysis is made of the impacts of the firm asset, asset correlation, asset volatility and some other factors on the bond prices.%在结构化模型的框架下,考虑到担保公司与被担保公司之间存在相关性时,因预付担保债务而导致资不抵债而违约的情况,得到有相关性的第三方担保的公司债券价格所满足的偏微分方程终边值问题.利用数值计算分析了公司资产值、资产相关性、资产波动率、公司回收率和债券发行量等因素对于债券价格的影响.

  8. 第三方物流增值服务在供应链运作体系中的应用研究%Study on Third Party Logistics Value- added Services on the Application of Supply Chain Operation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔令华; 柳国庆

    2012-01-01

    In the fierce market competition environment, the third party logistics enterprise in the role of the supply chain operation system can not be ignored, and traditional third party logistics services such as transportation, warehousing and storage, etc, already cannot satisfy supply chain operation further expansion and efficiency optimization, and the third party logistics value - added service will be in the next step of the supply chain operation play key role. The third party logistics value - added service is not limited to the traditional cost control, more attention to improve the quality of our service and supply chain system operation whole optimization. This paper first discusses the third party logistics value - added service of the current situation of the application and then on to the third party logistics enterprise to provide value -added services is studied and analyzed, and finally the third party logistics value - added services supply chain operation system is introduced.%在激烈的市场竞争环境下,第三方物流企业在供应链运作体系中的作用不可忽视,而传统的第三方物流服务如运输、仓储等,已不能满足供应链运作的进一步扩展和效率优化,基于此,通过对第三方物流增值服务在供应链运作体系中的应用研究,可以得出这样的结论,第三方物流的增值服务将在下一步的供应链运作中发挥关键性的作用,第三方物流增值服务不限于传统的成本控制,更多地注重服务质量的提高和供应链体系运作的整体优化。

  9. Study on the Third-party Evaluation Chain Model of the Basic Public Health Service%基本公共卫生服务第三方评估链模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景思霞; 陈菲; 陈娱瑜; 王遂; 谭华伟

    2014-01-01

    为科学、独立、公正地评估基本公共卫生服务的效果,在归纳第三方评估的特点和意义的基础上,构建基本公共卫生服务第三方评估链模式。基本公共卫生服务第三方评估链模式的推行需要公信力好、专业化水平高、独立性强的第三方评估机构和政府协同监督四个方面的保障。在基本公共卫生服务领域运用第三方评估链模式,对于提高基本公共卫生服务项目管理水平,提高卫生资源分配的公正性和有效性及专项资金的使用效率有着重要的意义。%In order to evaluate the effect of the basic public health service scientifically , independently and impartial-ly, the third-party evaluation chain model was constructed on the basis of summing up the characteristics and significance of the third-party evaluation.The third-party evaluation chain model of the basic public health service was supported by good credibil -ity, high professional level , strong independence of the third -party appraisal institutions and coordination supervision of govern-ment.The utilization of the third-party evaluation in the field of basic public health service was significant not only in improving the management level of basic public health service , but also in the fairness and effectiveness of health resource allocation and use efficiency of the special fund.

  10. Third-party tolerogenic dendritic cells reduce allo-reactivity in vitro and ameliorate the severity of acute graft-versus-host disease in allo-bone marrow transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, J; Li, R; Ren, Y; Yang, Y; Xie, R; Fan, H

    2013-12-01

    Tolerogenic dendritic cells (tDCs) potently induce and maintain tolerance based on their distinct characteristics compared with conventional DCs. Recent reports show that donor or host tDCs promote allograft survival in mice. In this study, the efficacy of third-party tDCs in the prevention of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was evaluated. In vitro, tDCs derived from the bone marrow (BM) of D1 mice were induced by GM-CSF, IL-10 and TGF-β1. The phenotypes, expression of cytokines and suppression of tDCs were analysed. In vivo, the effects of adoptive transfer of third-party-tDCs were evaluated in an MHC-mismatched aGVHD mouse model. Survival, body weight, GVHD scoring, histopathological specimens and serum cytokines were analysed in tDC-treated mice and untreated controls. Tolerogenic DCs had low expression of MHC and co-stimulatory molecules, expressed high levels of 'immunosuppressive' cytokines and suppressed allo-CD4(+) T cell proliferation. In the B6→D2 mouse model, all aGVHD mice died within 18 days. Fortunately, third-party tDCs transferred at low doses (10(4)) effectively prolonged survival after allo-BMT. Furthermore, in the mice treated with 10(4) tDCs, serum levels of IL-10/TGF-β were significantly higher and the percentage of Foxp3(+) cells continually increased compared with the mice treated with other doses of tDCs. Third-party tDCs play a crucial role in reducing the severity of aGVHD by modulating the secretion of various cytokines and expanding Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells, which suggests the possibility of using third-party tDCs for therapeutic applications. Furthermore, special attention should be paid to the optimal range of tDCs for preventing allograft rejection.

  11. Remedial Strategies Taken by the Third Party in the Critical Discourse%冲突性话语中第三方采取的补救策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯雪

    2014-01-01

    Politeness phenomenon makes an important part of pragmatics study .However the principles of politeness are far from satisfactory in analyzing discourse of impoliteness , therefore Culpeper proposed principles of impoliteness and a framework of its responses against the politeness principles put forward by Brown and Levinson .Based on the lifestyle program If you are the one , the study within the frame of politeness strategies and impoliteness principle explores what remedial strategies the third party intends to use in order to tackle the tension between the two sides in conflict .The study is dedicated to providing a useful solution to im-prove the interpersonal relationship .%礼貌现象是语用学研究的一个重要内容,然而使用礼貌原则对违反礼貌原则的冲突性话语分析仍有不足,因此库尔佩柏提出与布朗和列文森礼貌原则对立的不礼貌原则以及其回应框架。试以生活类栏目《非诚勿扰》为例,在礼貌策略与不礼貌原则的两个框架下,分析冲突性话语中第三方采取怎样的补救策略来应对冲突双方的紧张局势,旨在为改善人际关系提供一种良好的解决方案。

  12. Evaluating the effect of a third-party implementation of resolution recovery on the quality of SPECT bone scan imaging using visual grading regression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hay, Peter D; Smith, Julie; O'Connor, Richard A

    2016-02-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits to SPECT bone scan image quality when applying resolution recovery (RR) during image reconstruction using software provided by a third-party supplier. Bone SPECT data from 90 clinical studies were reconstructed retrospectively using software supplied independent of the gamma camera manufacturer. The current clinical datasets contain 120×10 s projections and are reconstructed using an iterative method with a Butterworth postfilter. Five further reconstructions were created with the following characteristics: 10 s projections with a Butterworth postfilter (to assess intraobserver variation); 10 s projections with a Gaussian postfilter with and without RR; and 5 s projections with a Gaussian postfilter with and without RR. Two expert observers were asked to rate image quality on a five-point scale relative to our current clinical reconstruction. Datasets were anonymized and presented in random order. The benefits of RR on image scores were evaluated using ordinal logistic regression (visual grading regression). The application of RR during reconstruction increased the probability of both observers of scoring image quality as better than the current clinical reconstruction even where the dataset contained half the normal counts. Type of reconstruction and observer were both statistically significant variables in the ordinal logistic regression model. Visual grading regression was found to be a useful method for validating the local introduction of technological developments in nuclear medicine imaging. RR, as implemented by the independent software supplier, improved bone SPECT image quality when applied during image reconstruction. In the majority of clinical cases, acquisition times for bone SPECT intended for the purposes of localization can safely be halved (from 10 s projections to 5 s) when RR is applied.

  13. The Effect of Channel Structures on Third-party Collecting Closed-loop Supply Chain%渠道结构对第三方负责回收闭环供应链的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂佳佳

    2012-01-01

    Reverse logistics (e. g. product remanufacturing or recycling) practices can not only reduce the natural resources needed and the waste produced, but also help reduce the environmental burden. It is not unusual to see in practice the used-product collection activity contracted by a manufacturer to a third party, who is engaged only in the collection of the used products from the market. For example, in the automobile industry, used-product collection activities for the original equipment manufacturers are handled by some independent third parties. Recently, in the United States the "big three" auto manufacturers started to invest in joint research and remanufacturing partnerships with dismantling centers to benefit from their experiences and economics of scale. With the independent third parties joining the closed-loop supply chain, it becomes more difficult to study the closed-loop supply chain for of the increasing number supply chain members. In the third-party collecting closed-loop supply chain, there are several channels structures including no strategic alliance, strategic alliance between the retailer and the manufacturer, strategic alliance between the retailer and the third-party and strategic alliance between the manufacturer and the third-party. In this research, the aim is to examine the effect of these channel structures on the performance of members in a third-party collecting closed-loop supply chain. First, this paper adopts the game theory to develop four models of closed-loop supply chain. Second, the optimal retail prices, wholesale prices, return rates and profits of these models are derived. Third, these four models are compared with each other. Fourth, the effect of system parameters on the performance of members is researched with numerical simulation and some new findings are revealed. This study shows five interesting results. First, the retail price is the highest, the demand is the least and return rate is the lowest in the no strategic

  14. 医保第三方监管机制运行效果分析%Analysis of the Operational Effect of the Third Party Supervision Mechanism in Medical Insurance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶琪望

    2014-01-01

    To deal with the situation of high specialty of medical services and the difficulty in effect supervision of excessive medical treatment, the effect introducing third party supervision mechanism in health insurance has been explored in Shaoguan since 2006. This article analyzed its effect , and puts forward several opinions and suggestions to improve third party supervision mechanism in the medical insurance system.%针对医保管理中,医疗服务的高度专业性、过度医疗难以有效监管问题,韶关市自2006年起探索医保第三方监管机制,本文分析了医保第三方监管机制的运行效果。

  15. Impact of Third-party Logistics Enterprise Customer Loyalty Degree Research Status and Development Factors%第三方物流企业顾客忠诚度影响因素研究发展现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林燕菁; 彭定桂

    2014-01-01

    With the increasingly competitive logistics industry,third -party logistics companies to survive in the market and create the profits of the enterprise must understand the customer's loyalty.Research scholars from third -party logistics enterprise customer loyalty factors departure,have put forward their own ideas and theories.%随着物流行业竞争日益激烈,第三方物流企业要在市场中维持生存并创造利润就必须了解顾客对企业的忠诚度。国内外学者对第三方物流企业顾客忠诚度的研究从影响因素出发,纷纷提出自己的观点和理论。

  16. 基于数据仓库的第三方物流企业客户关系管理研究%Implementation of CRM in the Third Party Logistics Based on Data Warehouse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程志君; 叶怡

    2012-01-01

    Quality customer relationship management is an important factor makes the third party logistics enterprise's core competitiveness. According to the characteristics of the third party logistics enterprise customer relationships,this article discusses using data warehouse on management mode of customer data,and gives a number of specific measures and methods.%高质量的客户关系管理是造就第三方物流企业核心竞争力的重要因素。根据第三方物流企业客户关系的特点,探讨了用数据仓库对客户数据进行管理的模式,并给出了一些具体措施和方法。

  17. Study on Optimization of Third Party Logistics Transportation Based on Improved Heuristic Algorithm%基于改进的启发式算法的第三方物流运输优化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉华; 侯彦波

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we used the improved heuristic algonthm to optimize the third party logistics transportation operations and established the corresponding mathematical model to eliminate constraints in time and space and promote the speedy development of third party logistics.%针对传统物流运作模式的不科学之处进行了研究,利用改进的启发式算法对第三方物流运输进行了优化处理,并建立相应的数学模型,以消除时间和空间等方面的约束,促进第三方物流的迅速发展.

  18. 第三方财富管理机构的发展及比较研究——以中国为例%Development and comparative study of third-party wealth management institutions ~ the case of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾贵勤; 冀伟; 周雯瑜

    2012-01-01

    The third party is an independent financial institutions,which provides an objective assessment,research, evaluation of various financial products and pick the products that match customer needs, and provide financial plans. Based on the comparative study of the existing third-party wealth management institutions,the paper concludes the current development status of China' s third-party wealth management institutions, strategic positioning,business differences,which proposes the new direction of development of China's third-party wealth management institutions and new opportunities.%第三方机构是独立于金融机构之外,客观评审、调研、评价各种金融产品,并挑选与客户需求相匹配的产品、提供理财规划的机构。通过对第三方财富管理机构的由来、我国第三方财富管理机构的商业模式研究及国内现存第三方财富管理机构的比较研究,得出当前我国第三方财富管理机构的发展现状,战略定位,业务的差异性,从而提出我国第三方财富管理机构发展的新方向与新机遇。

  19. 作业成本法在第三方物流企业成本核算中的应用%Application of Activity-Based Costing to the Third Party Logistics Enterprise Cost Accounting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖冰

    2012-01-01

    作业成本法的理论和应用在企业成本核算工作中越来越得到重视,但在第三方物流企业中的具体应用还不够广泛和深入.文章首先简要介绍了作业成本法的理论,分析了当前第三方物流企业成本核算工作中的现状和存在的问题,在此基础上提出了第三方物流企业应用作业成本法开展成本核算的思路,并结合某企业实际开展了具体分析的过程、方法等的研究.文章对第三方物流企业开展成本核算工作有较好的参考和借鉴意义.%The theory and application of Activity-Based Costing in project cost accounting for enterprise is paid more and more attention, but in third party logistics enterprises the concrete application is not wide and deep enough. This paper briefly introduces the activity-based costing theory, analysis of the current third party logistics enterprises in cost accounting of the status quo and existing problems, puts forward the third party logistics enterprise operation cost method used to carry out the train of thought of cost accounting, and combined with a practical enterprise carried out a specific analysis of the process, method and so on. Article on the third party logistics enterprises cost accounting has a good reference.

  20. 再制造背景下第三方逆向物流供应商评价指标研究%Indicators for Third-party Reverse Logistics Supplier Evaluation in Remanufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王克金

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, an indicator system for the evaluation of third party reverse logistics providers in remanufacturing is given in connection with the characteristics of remanufacturing and the logistics enterprises.%在再制造的背景下,结合再制造和第三方逆向物流企业的特点,构建了一个第三方逆向物流供应商的评价指标体系.

  1. Analyses on Develop Tactics about the Third Party Logistics of Agricultural Products in the Low-carbon Economy%低碳经济下第三方农产品物流发展策略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁丽芳; 宗颖生; 刘艳萍

    2014-01-01

    The progress of the society promotes the development of third-party logistics. With the rapid development of economics,the consumption of natural energy gradually increased which leading to growing amounts of carbon emission. Much focus has given to low-carbon.This paper firstly discuss the importance of third -party logistics development of agricultural products in low-carbon economy. Secondly,we analyze the existing problems in the development of third -party logistics of agricultural products. Finally,we put forward the corresponding strategies to expect the third party logistics of agricultural products in the low-carbon economy to reach stable sustainable development.%社会的进步促进第三方物流不断发展,随着经济的迅猛发展,自然能源的消耗逐渐增加,导致碳排放量日益增大,低碳理念成为人们格外关注的焦点问题。文中首先论述了低碳经济下第三方农产品物流发展的重要意义,随后分析了第三方农产品物流发展中存在的问题,最后提出了相应的解决对策,期待第三方农产品物流在低碳经济理念下实现稳定的可持续发展。

  2. Thinking of the Sound Development of the Third Party Logistics Based on the Exchange Theory%基于交换理论思考第三方物流的良性发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王顺林; 陈一芳

    2012-01-01

    Based on tile exchange theory', the article studies the contract curve fiwmed by tile cooperation between the manufacturing and the third party logistics, and puts hwwardthe reason why both sides are reluctant to change. It is the indifference curves behind the Pareto efficient allocation point that causes the effect. And with the help of the tint and secoral theorem of welfare economics, the article analyzes deeply the position in the market of the third party logistics and puts forward the views how the governments provides policies 1o protect the development of the third party logistics, how the governments set the time limit of policies support to encourage the growth of the third patty logistic, and how both the manufaeturing and the third party logistics strengthen their mutual learning curve effect.%利用交换理论,研究了制造业和第三方物流业融合时形成的契约曲线.提出了双方在合作过程中由于帕累托效率配置点背后的无差异曲线原因.造成双方改变动力不足的观点。结合福利经济学第一、第二定理,深入分析了目前第三方物流业在市场上处于的地位和不利局面。依据模型分析,提出了政府应该强化政策扶持、设置政策扶持时问限制.鼓励第三方物流自身壮大,以及强化双方的学习曲线融合效应等对策,

  3. A cost-effectiveness analysis of pioglitazone plus metformin compared with rosiglitazone plus metformin from a third-party payer perspective in the US.

    Science.gov (United States)

    St Charles, Meaghan; Minshall, Michael E; Pandya, Bhavik J; Baran, Robert W; Tunis, Sandra L

    2009-06-01

    The long-term cost-effectiveness of using pioglitazone plus metformin (Actoplusmet dagger) compared with rosiglitazone plus metformin (Avandamet double dagger) in treating type 2 diabetes (T2DM) was assessed from a US third-party payer perspective. Clinical efficacy (change in HbA(1c) and lipids) and baseline cohort parameters were extracted from a 12-month, randomized clinical trial (Derosa et al., 2006) evaluating the efficacy and tolerability of pioglitazone versus rosiglitazone, both in addition to metformin, in adult T2DM patients with insufficient glucose control (n = 96). A Markov-based model was used to project clinical and economic outcomes over 35 years, discounted at 3% per annum. Costs for complications were taken from published sources. Base-case assumptions were assessed through several sensitivity analyses. Outcomes included incremental life-years, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), total direct medical costs, cumulative incidence of complications and associated costs, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs). Compared to rosiglitazone plus metformin, pioglitazone plus metformin was projected to result in a modest improvement in 0.187 quality-adjusted life-years. Over patients' lifetimes, total direct medical costs were projected to be marginally lower with pioglitazone plus metformin (difference -$526.), largely due to reduced CVD complication costs. While costs were higher among renal, ulcer/amputation/neuropathy, and eye complications in the pioglitazone plus metformin group, the cost savings for CVD complications outweighed their economic impact. Pioglitazone plus metformin was found to be a dominant long-term treatment strategy in the US compared to rosiglitazone plus metformin. Sensitivity analyses showed findings to be robust under almost all scenarios, including short-term time horizons, 6% discounting, removal of individual lipid parameters, and modifications of patient cohort to more closely represent a US T2DM population

  4. Analysis on the Development Strategy of the Third Party Logistics in the Supply Chain Environment%供应链环境下的第三方物流发展策略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠毅

    2016-01-01

    文中总结了我国第三方物流企业在提升供应链核心企业的管理能力及实施过程中的作用,并针对在供应链管理条件下第三方物流的现状和问题,提出第三方物流在供应链管理条件下的发展建议,从而促进第三方物流在新的环境下的发展。%This paper summarizes the third party logistics enterprises in the supply chain management ability and the implementation process of the role, and in the supply chain management conditions of the three party logistics and the problem, put forward third party logistics in the supply chain management development proposal, so as to promote the development of the third party logistics in the new environment.

  5. Strategic Thinking on the Development of the Third Party Logistics based on Supply Chain Management%基于供应链管理的第三方物流发展战略思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓艳; 张文霞; 金小燕

    2016-01-01

    the modern supply chain management comes from the popularization of computer technology.This paper mainly studies the development strategy of third party logistics in the supply chain management mode.From the supply chain perspective interpretation,in-depth analysis of the supply chain management meaning,and expounds the enterprises in the supply chain management mode for the third party logistics process design,hoping to find out the development strategy of third party logistics is more scientific and reasonable.%现代的供应链管理源自与计算机技术的普及。文中主要研究了第三方物流在企业供应链管理模式下的发展战略。文中从供应链释义角度出发,深入分析了供应链管理的含义,并阐述了企业在供应链管理模式中对于第三方物流的流程设计,期望能够找出第三方物流更加科学合理的发展策略。

  6. The Development Strategy of Third Party Logistics Enterprises under the Information Environment in China%信息化环境下我国第三方物流企业发展策略的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佛赏

    2014-01-01

    本文通过研究信息化对我国第三方物流企业发展的影响,探讨信息化环境下我国第三方物流企业的发展中存在的多方面问题,并分析问题的成因与影响,旨在提出相应的解决方案,以促进我国第三方物流企业的健康和稳定发展。%Through the study on the influence of informatization to the development of the third party logistics enterprises in China, the paper discussed the problems exiting in the third party logistics enterprises under the information environment in our country, and analyzed the causes and effects of the problem, proposes the corresponding solutions, in order to promote the healthy and stable development of the third party logistics enterprises in China.

  7. A Study on the Strategies of Informationization Construction for the Third-party Logistics Enterprises%第三方物流企业信息化建没的策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄宁

    2009-01-01

    The third-party logistics has become the development trend of social division of labor and the modern logistics, while the informatonization construction is helpful for improving the operation efficiency of modem logistics cost per unit. Therefore, it requires the third-party logistics enterprises to carry out informationization construction. The article analyzes the status quo of informationization of China's third-party logistics enterprises, and researches on the strategies of information-ization construction for them to guide logistics enterprises to implement informationization scientifically and reasonably.%第三方物流已经成为社会化分工和现代物流发展的方向,而信息化建设有助于提高现代物流单位成本的运作效率,这就迫切要求第三方物流企业进行信息化建设.文章分析了我国第三方物流企业信息化的现状,并对当前我国第三方物流企业信息化建设策略进行研究,以指导物流企业科学、合理地实施信息化.

  8. The Analysis about the Index System ofthe Third- party Enterprise' s Capability that Operate On Logistics Finance%3PL企业运作物流金融能力指标体系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗娟娟

    2012-01-01

    Logistics finance, as the combination of the logistics and the finance, which can expand the business scope of the third party logistics enterprises and further enhance the competitiveness of the enterprises. However the third -party logistics enterprises as the bridge between enterprises and banks must have a certain capability. In or- der to provide the scientific basis for the operation of the logistics finance, the paper analyze the index system of the third -party enterprise' s capability that operate on logistics finance, and also proposes the evaluation method of the index system.%物流金融,作为物流业与金融业的结合,拓展了物流企业的业务范围,增强物流企业的市场竞争力。但是第三方物流企业作为企业和银行之间的桥梁,必须具备一定综合能力。本文针对第三方企业运作物流金融的能力指标体系进行分析,并提出能力指标体系评价方法,为物流金融的顺畅运作提供科学依据。

  9. Analysis of the Demand of Third Party Logistics and GDP in Liaoning Province%辽宁省第三方物流需求与GDP关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李化

    2014-01-01

    Third party logistics industry has become an important factor in China’s economic development,as the main indexes of social and economic development of the gross domestic product (GDP) has a close relationship with each other to promote the development of logistics industry,this paper analysis the relationship between the third party logistics demand and GDP of Liaoning Province,carries on the forecast to the future years,the third party logistics in Liaoning province demand,provide the basic data for the study of countermeasures.%第三方物流产业已经成为影响中国经济发展的重要因素,作为社会经济发展主要指标的国内生产总值(GDP)与物流业的发展有着相互促进的密切关系,分析辽宁省第三方物流需求与GDP的关系,对未来年辽宁省第三方物流需求进行预测,为对策建议研究提供基础数据。

  10. 浅析模糊综合评价对第三方物流服务商的选择%A Study on the Selection of the Third Party Logistics Service Provider Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王景敏

    2011-01-01

    通过分析现代第三方物流的特点,构建全面的评价和选择现代第三方物流供应商的指标体系;采用层次分析法确定各专家组成员以及评价指标体系各级指标的权重;详细阐述集成层次分析法和模糊综合评价方法选择现代第三方物流供应商的步骤;最后,通过算例说明方法的科学性和合理性。%By analyzing the features of the third party logistics, the thesis intends to construct a comprehensive evaluation and an index system of the selection of the third party logistics service provider. The thesis proposes to adopt analytical hierarchy process to determine the members of the expert group and the index proportion of each level in the evaluation index system. The thesis also illustrates in detail the integrated analytical hierarchy process and the steps to select the third party logistics service provider by applying fuzzy comprehensive evaluation. The thesis finally demonstrates the scientificity and rationality by examples.

  11. Large-scale preparation of human anti-third-party veto cytotoxic T lymphocytes depleted of graft-versus-host reactivity: a new source for graft facilitating cells in bone marrow transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aviner, Shraga; Yao, Xin; Krauthgamer, Rita; Gan, Yehudit; Goren-Arbel, Rinat; Klein, Tirza; Tabilio, Antonio; McMannis, John D; Champlin, Richard; Martelli, Massimo F; Bachar-Lustig, Esther; Reisner, Yair

    2005-06-01

    Induction of donor type chimerism in mildly prepared hosts without graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) is a most desirable goal in bone morrow transplantation. We have recently demonstrated in a mouse model that donor veto cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) can facilitate the induction of donor type chimerism in sublethally irradiated recipients without causing GvHD if they are effectively depleted of alloreactivity against host cells by means of stimulation against a third party. We extend this approach to human cells, by preparing CTLs in two major steps: primary culture in the absence of interleukin 2, leading to death by neglect of antihost clones, and addition of interleukin 2 and subsequent dilution of antihost clones as a consequence of the expansion of the anti-third-party clones. CTLs prepared in this way specifically suppress host cytotoxic T cells directed against antigens of the donor, but not against fourth-party antigens, as demonstrated in a standard (51)Cr release assay. We conclude that human anti-third-party CTLs afford a new source of veto cells that are depleted of potential graft-versus-host-reactive clones. The cells generated by this approach could potentially be used to facilitate engraftment of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells.

  12. 论行政诉讼原告资格标准和第三人资格标准之界分%On the qualification standards' demarcation of the plaintiff and the third party in administrative proceedings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹丛丛

    2012-01-01

    According to Chinag Administrative Procedure Law, the difference between plaintiff qualification and the third party' s qualification is the difference between the interest and the legal interest. It takes great difficulty for the determina- tion of the plaintiff and the third party. Therefore, this article attempts to start from clearing the interest and the legal in- terest, finding out the division rules of the plaintiff and the third party' s qualification standards, so as to clarify the rela- tionship between the two.%根据我国《行政诉讼法》规定,行政诉讼原告资格和第三人资格仅是法律上的利害关系和利害关系的区别,这给行政诉讼原告和第三人的实际确定带来了很大困难。因此本文试图从明晰利害关系和法律上的利害关系之区别人手,找出原告和第三人资格标准之界分规则,从而厘清二者的关系。

  13. On Planning of Third - party Logistics, Taxation on the Background of Business tax Transforming Value - added Tax%“营改增”背景下第三方物流企业税收筹划研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏冬明

    2014-01-01

    At present , the third party logistics in our country has developed fast , showing a strong vitality , but in the development process ,there also appeared a lot of problems , such as bearing the heavy burden of taxation . In order to reduce the cost of the third party logistics , summed up tax system of the third party logistics in China , the author of this paper discusses the role of tax planning ,puts forward the method of tax planning and formulates tax planning program ,realizing tax avoidance reasonably .In the long run ,the reform of business tax transforming value - added tax can reduce the tax burden of the third party logistics ,and improve the ability to bear the financial risk ,to achieve its long - term sustainable and healthy development , to better promote the competitiveness of the third party logistics in the international market .%目前,我国第三方物流获得了快速发展,显示出强大的生命力,但在发展的过程中,也出现了许多问题,比如物流业承担着沉重的税收负担。从税收的角度出发,以降低第三方物流企业成本为目的,总结我国第三方物流企业的税收制度,论述税收筹划的作用,提出“营改增”背景下第三方物流企业纳税筹划的方法,为第三方物流企业制订合理有效的税收筹划方案,实现了合理避税。从长远看,“营改增”税收改革可以降低第三方物流企业的税收负担,提高企业承担财务风险的能力,实现其长期持续健康发展的战略目标,更好地促进其在国际物流市场的竞争力。

  14. 论第三人侵害债权的基本特征和表现形态%ON THE CHARACTERISTICS AND MANIFESTATIONS OF A THIRD PARTY INFRINGEMENT ON CREDITORS' RIGHTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴用平

    2012-01-01

    第三人侵害债权的基本特征是:主观上,故意是原则,过失为例外;行为主体主要是债的关系以外的第三人,但在第三人与债务人恶意通谋实施旨在侵害债权人债权的行为时,债务人亦可成为共同主体;行为客体是他人的合法债权:该制度在功能和作用上只能是一种补充性的法律制度。其表现形态分为直接侵害和间接侵害两种。直接侵害债权分为:因第:三人的行为直接侵害债权,致使债权丧失或实现困难的情形;第三人处分或行使债权,直接导致债权消灭的情形。间接侵害债权分为:实体侵害、引诱侵害和通谋侵害三类。%The basic characteristics of a third party torting behaviors are the details as follow: in terms of subjective, intent is principle while negligence is exception; behavior main body refers to a third party beyond the belt relationship, but when debtor colludes with a third party to infringe others debt right, he is become a co-main body; the behavior object is a valid creditor's right of others; in terms of fimction and effect this system is only an additional one. Its manifestations are divided into direct wrongdoings and indirect ones. Direct wrongdoings can be divided into: due to acts of the third party infringing creditor's rights directly, and resulting in claims loss or achieve a difficult situation; and the third party punishment or exercise creditor's rights, a direct result of debt elimination. Indirect wrongdoings are divided into entity against, seduce encroach and collusive encroach.

  15. 第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力评价%Third-Party Online Payment Core Competence Evaluation Based on BP Neural Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王拉娣; 史亚伟

    2012-01-01

    Through the online payment industry environment, industry chain and the analysis of major enterprises, built with third-party online payment core competence evaluation index system including with 14 evaluation index. BP neural network model is designed to select a sample of six training companies, three companies to test, and the use of BP neural network model quantitatively identify third-party online payment the strength of the core competence of enterprises. Studies have shown that: compared with the traditional linear model, BP evaluation mode is more dynamic and self-learning nature, the error evaluation of the results of small, high precision, fully reflects real situation of the third-party online payment enterprise's core competence, for third-party online payment to build the core compete-tiveness of enterprises to provide a benchmark, while the third-party online payment company for quantitative evaluation of core competencies has opened up a new way.%通过对网上支付行业环境、产业链和主要企业的分析,构建了具有14个评价指标的第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力评价指标体系.设计了BP神经网络模型,选择了6家样本企业进行训练、3家企业进行测试,并运用BP神经网络模型定量识别第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力强弱.研究表明:BP评价模型与传统的线性评价模型相比,具有更高的动态性和自学习性,评价结果误差小,精度高,能充分反映第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力的真实状况,为第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力的打造提供了基准,同时对第三方网上支付企业核心竞争力进行定量评价开辟了一条新途径.

  16. 基于种群动力系统模型的第三方电子支付平台分析%The Third-party Electronic Payment Based On Population Dynamic System Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲文林; 窦霁虹; 卢克英; 李鹏

    2015-01-01

    搜集了大量关于第三方电子支付平台的基本数据并对其进行了整理和分析得出其模型。首先讨论了衡量第三方电子支付平台业务水平的重要指标,并且通过模糊综合评价法对影响第三方电子支付平台业务水平的因素进行了模糊综合评判,得出了影响因素对第三方电子支付平台业务的影响规律;再建立了第三方电子支付平台之间的相互竞争模型,通过Matlab计算出模型中的相关参数;最后通过对应的差分方程,预测出支付宝所占的市场交易份额将会平稳增长,而财付通与汇付天下所占的市场交易份额将会受相互竞争的影响略有下降,快钱所占的市场份额将会继续保持。%This paper collects a lot of basic data on third-party electronic payment platform and then manages and analyzes these data as a result of its model. Firstly,the most important indicators to measure the e-business level of the third-party payment platform are discussed,and we use the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method to evaluate the factors which affect the business level of the third-party electronic payment platform. Thus the law of how these factors work is obtained. Then,based on above analysis,we establish a competing model of third-party electronic payment platforms,calculate the correlation coefficient by Matlab,and present differential equations showing the competition among the third-party electronic payment platforms. Finally,we predict that the market share of Alipay will grow steadily via differential equations while the market share of money paid and China PNR will slightly de-crease under the impact of competition and the market share of fast money share will be maintained.

  17. Study on the Evolution Game between the Governments and the Third Party Pollution Treatment companies%政府与第三方治污的演化博弈研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜建国; 赵龙; 陈莉

    2015-01-01

    To find out the evolution law of the interactive process between the third party pollution treatment companies and governments,this paper,using the method of evolution economics,builds a payment matrix of the third party pollution treatment companies and governments,analyses the evolution model of the associations between the third party pollution treatment companies and governments,and shows the parametric diversity of decision -making and the effect of changing initial condition on evolution result by numerical simulation.The research reveals that the evolution system of the third par-ty pollution treatment companies and governments converges on two types of patterns,the converging probabilities change notably with the changing of cost and benefit;the research directs the system to jump out of the locked status,and points out that spontaneous evolution of association pattern between groups of the third party pollution treatment companies and governments is dependent on relative payment of various tactics;the government should enact strict environmental regula-tions;the third party pollution treatment companies should broaden their earnings path.%为研究政府与第三方治污之间交往的规则和制度形成的演化规律,借助演化经济学研究工具,建立政府和第三方治污的支付矩阵,分析政府和第三方治污企业交往过程的演化模型,展示决策参数的不同取值对演化结果的影响。研究发现,政府与第三方治污的交互关系演化系统收敛于两种模式,随着双方成本和收益的改变,收敛于不同模式的概率发生显著变化;为寻求跳出不良“锁定”状态指明了方向,现阶段政府与第三方治污群体的交往模式自发演化依赖于各种策略的相对支付;政府应当制定严厉的排污惩罚制度和环保法规;第三方治污应当扩宽企业的盈利路径。

  18. 信息分享模式对第三方负责回收闭环供应链的影响%The Effect of Information Sharing Modes on the Third-Party Collecting Closed-loop Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂佳佳; 熊中楷

    2011-01-01

    研究了零售商预测信息分享对第三方负责回收闭环供应链的影响.分别建立了集中式闭环供应链下信息分享模型以及四种信息分享模式(无信息分享、信息仅与第三方分享、信息仅与制造商分享和信息与制造商和第三方均分享)的闭环供应链模型.研究发现,零售商分享其私有预测信息对其收益是不利的,但信息分享使得信息仅与第三方分享模式下供应链预期利润增加,通过建立信息分享补偿机制使得零售商有动机分享其需求预测信息.同时发现信息分享对各方的价值以及各方对信息分享模式的偏好取决于回收旧产品价格.%Rapid economic development is creating environmental concerns. Product remannfacturing or recycling is gaining attention for a number of reasons. These reverse logistics practices can not only reduce the natural resources needed and the waste produced,but also help reduce the environmental burden.A closed-loop supply chain consists of forward and reverse logistics. Depending on different collecting parties, a closed-loop supply chain can be collected by retailers, manufacturers and thirty parties.In a third-party collecting closed-loop supply chain, a retailer obtains more information about market demand than other supply chain members such as manufacturers or third-parties because of the retailer's market proximity.The primary goal of this research is to investigate the effect of a retailer's information advantage on the performance of third-party collecting closed-loop supply chains.A retailer has the option to share market demand information with other supply chain members.The research analyzes the decisions of every supply chain member with the asymmetric information game theory. We first develop a centralized collection model in the centralized closed-loop supply chain.We then develop four information sharing models for decentralized closed-loop supply chains: no information sharing

  19. 职业运动员第三方所有权的若干问题探析%An analysis of several issues about third-party ownership of professional athletes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈春燕

    2016-01-01

    In accordance with the stipulations of Chinese laws, Chinese Football Association (CFA) and FIFA, the author studied the reasons for the appearance of third-party ownership of professional athletes, its positive and negative effects on professional sports, foreign sports organizations’ attitude toward third-party ownership contracts of athletes, differences in third-party ownership contracts of athletes in the stipulations of laws and sports organizations, and differences in the related stipulations of CFA and FIFA, and found that it was difficult for laws to deal with negative effects possibly triggered by third-party ownership contracts of athletes, although sports organizations such as FIFA had issued an order to ban the sign-ing of third-party ownership contracts of athletes, its actual effect needed to be observed. In order to prevent Chinese clubs from being punished by international sports organizations or falling into contract disputes due to third-party ownership contracts of athletes, sports organizations such as CFA should strengthen the promotion of law popularization, and publi-cize the changing of rules of international sports organizations; when carrying out transnational transfer of professional athletes, Chinese clubs should follow international rules, and sign responsibility exemption clauses.%结合我国法律、中国足协和国际足联等的规定,对职业运动员第三方所有权出现的缘由、国外体育组织对待运动员第三方所有权合同的态度、我国法律与体育组织的规定对运动员第三方所有权合同的差异、中国足协与国际足联相关规定的差异等进行了研究。研究发现,法律难以应对运动员第三方所有权合同可能引发的负面影响,虽然国际足联等体育组织发布了禁止签订运动员第三方所有权合同的禁令,但其实际效力有待观察。为我国职业体育俱乐部避免因运动员第三方所有权合同受到国际体育组织

  20. 第三方物流企业开发线上供应链金融服务研究%Research on Third -party Logistics Companies to Develop Online Financial Services Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐维莉

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of Internet technology,online supply chain finance has become a new direction for the development of supply chain finance is the focus areas of numerous third -party logistics companies,financial institutions and the electricity supplier of common concern.This article from the perspective of a third -party logistics companies,analyzes the advantages to develop online financial services products supply chain,to build around online supply chain finance platform functionality,describes the contents of the supply chain and financial services operational processes,to third -party logistics companies development of supply chain finance value -added services to provide reference.%伴随着互联网技术的快速发展,线上供应链金融已成为供应链金融发展的新方向,是众多第三方物流企业、金融机构及电商共同关注的焦点领域。文中从第三方物流企业角度,分析了开发线上供应链金融服务产品的优势,围绕线上供应链金融平台功能的搭建,介绍了供应链金融服务项目的内容及运作流程,以期为第三方物流企业开发供应链金融增值服务提供参考。

  1. Low-Carbon Economy Based Third Party Logistics Operation Strategy%基于低碳经济的第三方物流企业运营策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘照军; 王秀荣

    2011-01-01

    立足我国发展低碳经济的实际需要,以系统化、集成化的思想和科学的发展观为指导,以低碳经济和现代物流管理理论为依据,运用定性和定量分析相结合的方法,在剖析我国第三方物流企业的低碳现状的基础上,提出开展绿色服务、开发和应用低碳新技术、实现车辆大型化、物流效率化和提供集成物流服务等基于低碳经济的第三方物流企业运营策略,以达到低排节能,实现第三方物流企业的可持续发展。%Based on our actual needs of low-carbon economy, a systematic, integrated thinking and the scientific outlook on development as guidance, to a low carbon economy and mod- em logistics management theory based on the use of a combi- nation of qualitative and quantitative analysis methods, China's third-party logistics companies in the analysis of the status quo on the basis of low-carbon, made of a green service, low-carbon development and application of new technology, vehicles, large-scale, logistics efficiency and provide integrated logistics services, third-party logistics based on low-carbon e- conomy business operations strategy to achieve low-emission energy to achieve the sustainable development of third-party logistics companies.

  2. The Evaluation of the Third-party Logistic Companies Based on the BP Neural Network and AHP%基于BP神经网络和层次分析法的第三方物流企业评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍珍珍; 朱沛

    2013-01-01

    According to the research results of the performance evaluation,combining the current situation of our nation’s third-party logistic companies with the chosen indicators,this paper aims to evaluate and analyze the comprehensive strength of the third-party logistic companies based on the BP neural network and AHP.Then we selected relevant data from several logistic companies and used them to have the evaluation done,which proves that our method is pragmatic and scientific and is able to provide important reference for the selection of the third-party logistic companies.%文中根据绩效评价体系的研究成果,结合我国第三方物流企业的现状,选取了适当的评价指标,并采用基于BP神经网络和层次分析法的评价方法,对第三方物流企业的综合实力进行评价分析。然后,收集了某几家物流企业的相关数据,对具体物流企业的综合实力进行评价,说明文中的评价方法具有实用性和科学性,对第三方物流企业的选择提供重要的参考。

  3. The Government Supervision Responsibility in The Third Party Governance Mechanism of Water Pollution%水污染第三方治理机制中政府的监管责任

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛超

    2016-01-01

    The third party governance of water pollution is a new mode conforming to the development of the times, the introduction of market factors brought new environmental risks, which requires the government should play the role of supervision aw well as treating water pollution. In the third party governance mechanism of water pollution, the lack of market access and exit mechanism, the defects of the current environmental monitoring system, and public supervision are the realistic obstacles for the government to strengthen government supervision responsibility. Establishing reasonable access and withdrawal mechanism, perfecting the regulatory system, and strengthening information publicly are the effective ways to strengthen government regulatory responsibility in the third party governance mechanism of water pollution.%水污染第三方治理是顺应时代发展的新模式,然而市场因素的引入却带来了新的环境风险,这就要求政府在治理水污染的同时,更要着重发挥监管的作用。在水污染第三方治理机制中,市场准入与退出机制的缺失,现行环境监管体制的缺陷,流于形式的公众监督都是政府强化监管责任的现实障碍。可通过建立合理的准入与退出机制,完善监管体制,加强政府信息的公开等有效途径强化政府在水污染第三方治理机制中的监管责任。

  4. On 100%Third-party testing for Hydraulic Engineering Quality of Guangdong%广东水利实行工程质量100%第三方检测模式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小洁

    2016-01-01

    100%of project quality third-party testing as a new detection mode is embryonic development, and have been carried out in some areas in our country.Disadvantages of self testing by construction unit, and advantages of implementation of 100% third-party testing have been analyzed.According to the theory and practice, to implement 100%of the project quality third-party testing is the inevitable trend of engineering quality testing in Guangdong Province and even the hold country's water conservancy and even other construction industry.%水利工程实行工程质量100%第三方检测作为一种新的检测模式,在部分省份试点开展。该文分析了工程质量施工单位自检的弊端,对推行工程质量100%第三方检测具有的优势进行了探讨,对目前广东省所实施100%第三方检测的情况进行了简要介绍。根据理论分析和实践两个方面,在广东省乃至全国的水利工程全面实行工程质量100%第三方检测是工程质量检测的发展趋势。

  5. 第三方物流的创新案例研究——以韩国甲物流企业为例%A Case Study on the Process Innovation of the Third Party Logistic Providers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘南; 姜泰元; 姜敏求

    2011-01-01

    从第三方物流服务的现实需求出发,通过案例研究.剖析第三方物流企业在制造企业物流方面的创新点.%This paper discusses that the third party logistics provider can contribute significantly to their businesses by reducing their logistics cost, optimizing logistics operation system and achieving soft power. In this study, we report a case study of a logistics company in the Korean to shed a light on this issue and suggest several managerial implications.

  6. Study on the Integrated Supply Chain Management of Agricultural Products Leading by Third-party Logistics%第三方物流主导的农产品集成供应链管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宏祥; 查荣

    2011-01-01

    在分析我国农产品物流模式和存在问题基础上,阐述了实施第三方物流主导的农产品集成供应链管理的动因,建立了供应链模型,提出了相应的发展对策.%Based on the analysis of the logistics modes and problems of agricultural products in China, the motives of the integrated supply chain management of agricultural products leading by third-party logistics was discussed, the supply chain model was established, and some corresponding development countermeasures were put forward.

  7. Development Status and Trend Analysis of Third-Party Logistics in China%我国第三方物流发展现状及趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周云

    2013-01-01

      当前全球经济一体化、竞争日益激烈,物流外包的优势非常明显。为满足工商企业日益增长的物流需求,第三方物流企业因此诞生,并迅速成为了一种潮流和趋势。“第三方物流”在国外已经有几百年的历史,而在中国仍属于新型产业,其前景与市场价值可期。%In the current, the advantage of global economic integration, more fierce competition and logistics outsourcing is obvious. To meet the growing logistics demand for businesses, Third-Party Logistics is coming, and quickly becomes a trend. "Third-Party Logistics"have several hundred years of history in foreign countries, but it is still a new industry in China, so its prospects and market value can be expected.

  8. 电子商务中第三方支付平台欺诈风险识别研究%Research on the Fraud Risk Identification Model of Third-party Payment Platform on E-commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵建利; 宋宁; 张滟

    2014-01-01

    Along with the rapid development of electronic commerce , the fraud risk of third-party payment platform on e-commerce presents the increasing trend .This paper constructs a scientific fraud risk identification model by Logistic Regression , and searches and determines the split point fraud transactions and normal transactions by Kolmogorov -Smirnov statistics , in order to estimate the fraud risk quantitatively .The results show that the model is stable and has high forecast accuracy , which can be used to identify the fraud risk of third -party payment .%随着电子商务的飞速发展,第三方支付平台欺诈风险呈现递增趋势。本文采用Logistic回归构建第三方支付的欺诈风险识别模型,并结合Kolmogorov -Smirnov 统计量来查找判断欺诈交易和正常交易的分割点,对欺诈风险进行量化估计。实证研究表明本文所构建模型比较稳定且预测比较准确,可大大提高风险识别能力,对第三方支付机构的风险管理具有重要作用。

  9. 基于AHP-选择第三方逆向物流公司的分析%Decision-making of the third party reverse logistics based on AHP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王龙飞; 刘承焕; 仇梦一

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyses of the necessity of enterprise reverse logistics and the decision factors of the way in which companies have chosen to progress reverse logistics. We use AHP to analyse the weights of the third-party logistics company and the reverse logistic. Then we choose the evaluation model of the third-party reverse logistics activities.%分析了进行企业进行逆向物流的必要性,分析了企业选择何种方式来进行逆向物流活动的决策影响因素,对第三方物流公司对于逆向物流活动影响的权重运用层次分析法进行了单个和复合分析,得出选择第三方进行逆向物流活动的评价模型。

  10. Study on Situation and Development Strategies of Third Party Logistics of Agricultural Products%农产品第三方物流的现状及发展对策探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈云天

    2015-01-01

    中国是农业大国,在农业生产资料的生产、供给,以及加工、储运、销售农产品等领域拥有的物流市场空间是巨大的。文中首先简单论述农产品第三方物流的发展现状,并以此为基础提出具体的发展对策,希望能为我国发展农产品第三方物流提供参考。%China is a large agricultural country,in the production of agricultural means of production,supply,storage,and processing,with sales of agricultural products in areas such as logistics market space is enormous.This paper first briefly reviews the present development of third party logistics of agricultural products,and based on this proposes the specific development strategy,hoping to provide a reference for Chinese developing third party logistics of agricultural products.

  11. Select the Third-Party Logistics Enterprises Based on DEA and Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluationl%基于DEA模型和模糊综合评价的第三方物流企业选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉民

    2012-01-01

    It is very important to evaluate and select the TPL enterprise for more and more companies fi)r the reason that they prefer to outsource the logistics operations to the third-party logistics (TPL, third-party logistics) enterprises, which contributes much to reduce the costs and improve the core competitiveness. This paper uses the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method based on the DEA model, to evaluate and select the TPL enterprises scientifically and reasonably, and to provide important references for enterprises logistics outsourcing and selecting TPL enterprises.%为降低成本、提高核心竞争力,越来越多的企业选择将物流业务外包给第三方物流企业.因此TPL企业的评价选择是非常重要的。文章提出运用基于DEA模型的模糊综合评价方法,对TPL企业进行科学合理地评价选择,为企业物流外包、选择TPL提供重要参考。

  12. 第三方物流开展仓单质押业务的风险及防范%On Risks and Their Prevention for the Third-Party Logistics in Developing the Warehouse Receipt Pledge Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    东方

    2011-01-01

    通过分析第三方物流和仓单质押贷款业务的发展需要,引出了第三方物流发展仓单质押业务的驱动力,运用非合作博弈理论分析了第三方物流开展仓单质押业务的风险权衡,最后讨论了第三方物流应采取的风险防范措施。%This article analyzes the development requirement of the third-party logistics and warehouse receipts pledge.The driving forces of the business are described.Then the author uses a non-cooperative game to weigh the risks for the third-party logistics to develop warehouse receipts pledge business.At last,some measures to prevent risks are discussed for the 3rd party logistics.

  13. Hybrid Multiple Attribute Method for Choosing Third Party Logistics Suppliers%第三方物流企业优选的混合多属性决策方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    剧飒

    2013-01-01

    在分析研究的基础上,将第三方物流服务企业选择问题归结为一类典型具有多类评价信息的多属性决策问题,据此提出根据多类评价信息对备选第三方物流企业进行综合排序,为企业选择物流合作伙伴提供参考依据。文中实例分析说明,该方法在进行第三方物流供应商的选择上是可行有效的。%On analyzing pertinent literatures,the problem of selecting third party logistics service enterprises is regarded as a kind of typical hybrid multiple attribute decision making problems.Hereby a fuzzy relative ratio method is presented to rank third-party logistics enterprises,which may provide a reference for enterprises to select logistics partners.At last,the method proposed in this paper is showed to be feasible and effective with a real example.

  14. Application of ABC by Third Party Logistics Enterprises%基于作业成本法的第三方物流企业成本核算应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向乐乐

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, in ordertoensure the accuracy of thecost information of thelogistics enterprises needed in macroscopic or microscopic decision-making and step up cost management, we analyzed the current status of the costing practice of third party logistics enterprises, introduced the main inadequacy of the traditional costingmethod and proposed the activity-based costingmethod which was suitable for theeost management of third party logistics enterprises.%为了提高宏观和微观决策层所需的物流企业准确的成本信息,加强成本管理,从第三方物流企业成本核算的现状分析入手,阐述了传统成本核算方法所存在的主要缺陷,并提出一种适合于第三方物流企业的成本核算方法-作业成本法.

  15. DIVERSIDADE CULTURAL E PRESTAÇÃO DE SERVIÇOS LOGÍSTICOS: UM ESTUDO EXPLORATÓRIO CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND THIRD PARTY LOGISTICS SERVICES: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Alvaro da Silva Macedo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo consiste numa pesquisa exploratória que tem como objetivo analisar a importância de aspectos culturais na prestação de serviços logísticos. Para alcançar seus objetivos, a pesquisa fundamenta-se na análise dos resultados de quatro estudos de casos. As empresas analisadas são prestadores de serviços logísticos (PSL's selecionados entre os maiores e melhores players do mercado brasileiro. Busca-se avançar os estudos da área de logística e de prestação de serviços, apontando a importância de uma abordagem multicultural no tratamento da diversidade cultural e seu impacto na confiabilidade deste tipo de serviço.This article consists in an exploratory research that aims to analyze the relevance of cultural aspects in third party logistics services. The research is based on the analysis of four case studies. The organizations analyzed are third party logistics selected among the biggest and the best players in brazilian market. This research seeks to contribute to the logistics area and service provision, pointing to the importance of a multicultural approach for cultural diversity handling and its impact in the reliability of this kind of service.

  16. Third Party Logistics Fujian Small Cross -border E -commerce Mode%福建小额跨境电子商务第三方物流模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢雪莲

    2015-01-01

    Fujian is a province's foreign trade,foreign trade,its economy is an important pillar of the economy.In recent years,the gradual decline of the traditional trade,the emerging e -commerce trade is on the rise.This paper discusses the impact of logistics on cross -border e -commerce,analysis of the current cross -border e -commerce in Fujian small third -party logistics problems in the development,proposed to promote cross -border e -commerce in Fujian small third -party logistics development proposals and measures.%福建省是一个外贸大省,外贸经济是它的一个重要的经济支柱。近年来传统外贸逐渐衰落,新兴电子商务外贸正在兴起。文中讨论了物流对跨境电子商务的影响,分析了目前福建小额跨境电子商务第三方物流在发展中存在的问题,提出了促进福建小额跨境电子商务第三方物流的发展中建议和措施。

  17. Study on Operational Strategy of Third Party Logistics Based on E-commerce%基于电子商务的第三方物流运作策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟波兰

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we first analyzed the current status of and demand for logistics in the development of e—commerce, then discussed the mechanisms of the third party logistics operation based on e-commerce, which were division of labor, collaboration, effect of scale, and integration, studied the main problems currently existing as well as the causes and finally proposed the strategy to support the operation of third party logistics based on e—commerce.%首先分析了电子商务的发展现状与物流需求,接着探讨了基于电子商务的第三方物流运作机理:分工效应、协同效应、规模效应、整合效应,分析了当前第三方物流在电子商务物流运作中存在的主要问题及原因;最后提出了基于电子商务的第三方物流运作策略,以促进电子商务的发展.

  18. Discussion and practice of HSE management mode based on the third party%基于第三方的项目HSE管理模式探讨与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋; 辛平

    2012-01-01

    针对工程建设领域项目HSE管理的模式进行了探讨.首先对传统的项目HSE管理模式进行了介绍,简要分析了各种HSE管理模式的特征和意义.在此基础上,对新形势下引入第三方HSE管理的重要意义进行了说明,重点阐述了第三方HSE管理的定义、组织结构、特征等因素.并根据多个项目的实践总结,对引入第三方HSE管理提出了实质性的建议,为第三方模式在工程项目HSE管理的推广理顺思路,指明要点.%The HSE management mode on engineering construction was discussed. Firstly, the traditional HSE management mode on engineering construction was introduced and was discussed the traits and meanings of all sorts of HSE management mode were analyzed. Secondly, the important meaning of bringing the third party to HSE management was illustrated, which focused on the definition of HSE management, organizational structure, attributes and so on. Moreover, some practical suggestions on HSE management based on the third party were put forward according to many projects concerned.

  19. Study on Logistics Organization of Guangxi Sugar Enterprises Based on Third Party Logistics Ideology%基于第三方物流理念的广西蔗糖企业物流组织建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊凡

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,in view of the construction of the Guangxi sugar enterprises and third party logistics organizations,we discussed from the aspects of basic logistics organization of the Guangxi sugar enterprises,the organizational mechanism of the sugar enterprises and third party logistics,and the strategic selection of logistics organization by the sugar enterprises and uncovered the necessity of the cooperation between the two as well as the effect of the cooperation on the economic development of Guangxi.%以广西蔗糖企业与第三方物流组织建设为目标,对广西蔗糖企业物流组织基础、蔗糖企业与第三方物流组织机制和蔗糖企业物流组织战略选择三个方面进行论述,揭示二者合作的必要性和对广西经济发展的作用.

  20. Third-party Institutions Facilitation and Trust Reconstruction in SME Clusters%中小企业集群信任重建机制研究——基于第三方制度干预的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常路; 符正平; 顾汉杰

    2011-01-01

    在集群集体信任缺失,无法由企业家私人行为或企业自发行为解决的情况下,需要引入第三方制度干预机制来重建破碎的信任。基于第三方制度干预的信任重建主要在集群系统信任的层级中进行。为实现预期效果,需要建设具有创业导向的第三方制度干预平台。制度干预的内容包含:对过度竞争的管制、冲突纠纷的仲裁以及战略性生产性服务的供给。本文对集群制度干预平台的三个要素(集体企业家、博弈规则以及网络参与者)的具体内涵及其互动关系进行了分析。三要素各自方向上的合力决定了制度干预集群信任重建的效果。本文还探讨了第三方制度干预的三阶段机制,以及与其它信任重建机制的互动关系。%In both developed and developing countries, trust and inter-firm collaboration is not a phenomenon that occurs naturally in clusters. Instead, SMEs have to involve themselves in tense and devastating competition within both internal networks and extemal networks. As a result, the SME clusters are caught into the quagmire of distrust. To address these problems, we propose that third-party trust facilitators can play a vital role in rebuilding trust in clusters within which distrust and non-collaborative environment are normal phenomenon. Regulation, arbitration and service as its main functions, third-party facilitators can not only provide SMEs with public services such as disseminating information, coaching employees, but also identify opportunities, introduce new strategic resources, evaluate benefits and risks, and even act on new ventures. In order to achieve the desired intervention results, clusters need to create an entrcpreneurship-oriented third-party facilitating platform. And composition of forces from the three elements of facilitating platform, namely, collective entrepreneur, game rules and network participants, determine the effect of aggregate

  1. Curative or pre-emptive adenovirus-specific T cell transfer from matched unrelated or third party haploidentical donors after HSCT, including UCB transplantations: a successful phase I/II multicenter clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Chongsheng; Campidelli, Arnaud; Wang, Yingying; Cai, Huili; Venard, Véronique; Jeulin, Hélène; Dalle, Jean Hugues; Pochon, Cécile; D'aveni, Maud; Bruno, Benedicte; Paillard, Catherine; Vigouroux, Stéphane; Jubert, Charlotte; Ceballos, Patrice; Marie-Cardine, Aude; Galambrun, Claire; Cholle, Clément; Clerc Urmes, Isabelle; Petitpain, Nadine; De Carvalho Bittencourt, Marcelo; Decot, Véronique; Reppel, Loïc; Salmon, Alexandra; Clement, Laurence; Bensoussan, Danièle

    2017-05-08

    Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), the most widely used potentially curable cellular immunotherapeutic approach in the treatment of hematological malignancies, is limited by life-threatening complications: graft versus host disease (GVHD) and infections especially viral infections refractory to antiviral drugs. Adoptive transfer of virus-specific T cells is becoming an alternative treatment for infections following HSCT. We report here the results of a phase I/II multicenter study which includes a series of adenovirus-specific T cell (ADV-VST) infusion either from the HSCT donor or from a third party haploidentical donor for patients transplanted with umbilical cord blood (UCB). Fourteen patients were eligible and 11 patients received infusions of ADV-VST generated by interferon (IFN)-γ-based immunomagnetic isolation from a leukapheresis from their original donor (42.9%) or a third party haploidentical donor (57.1%). One patient resolved ADV infection before infusion, and ADV-VST could not reach release or infusion criteria for two patients. Two patients received cellular immunotherapy alone without antiviral drugs as a pre-emptive treatment. One patient with adenovirus infection and ten with adenovirus disease were infused with ADV-VST (mean 5.83 ± 8.23 × 10(3) CD3+IFN-γ+ cells/kg) up to 9 months after transplantation. The 11 patients showed in vivo expansion of specific T cells up to 60 days post-infusion, associated with adenovirus load clearance in ten of the patients (91%). Neither de novo GVHD nor side effects were observed during the first month post-infusion, but GVHD reactivations occurred in three patients, irrespective of the type of leukapheresis donor. For two of these patients, GVHD reactivation was controlled by immunosuppressive treatment. Four patients died during follow-up, one due to refractory ADV disease. Adoptive transfer of rapidly isolated ADV-VST is an effective therapeutic option for achieving in vivo

  2. 促进我国第三方药品物流发展的监管对策研究%Research on the Administrative Measures for Developing Third-party Drug Logistics in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪钢

    2014-01-01

    Objective To provide administrative measures for developing third-party drug logistics in China.Methods Based on the definition,operation mode,competitive advantage and the current situation of third-party drug logistics in China,the main problems and the corresponding causes were analyzed from the aspects of the customer,provider and administrator.Results and Conclusion The development and growth of the third-party drug logistics can be further promoted by a perfect mechanism,a fair market, sound policies, advanced information technology, unified standard, authoritative industry associations and strengthened professional training.As a result,the drug distribution market will be improved in terms of standard,scale and intensity.%目的:为促进我国第三方药品物流快速发展,探讨监管对策。方法简要介绍我国第三方药品物流的定义、运作模式、竞争优势和发展现状,并分别从医药企业客户、第三方药品物流企业、政府和行业监管等三个物流相关方,对当前第三方药品物流存在的主要问题及其原因进行分析。结果与结论完善监管体制、破除地方保护、健全政策法规、加快标准化和信息化建设、培育权威行业协会、加强专业人才培养,将会进一步促进我国第三方药品物流的发展壮大,提高药品流通市场规范化、规模化、集约化程度。

  3. Evaluation of Digital Library Resources Based on the Third Party Platform%基于第三方平台的数字图书馆资源评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹异卿; 唐俊

    2013-01-01

    随着互联网的发展,数字图书馆在现代图书馆中占据着越来越重要的地位.论文针对目前数字图书馆读者交流不便,数字资源的读者评价匮乏,不同数字图书馆之间的数字资源评价无法实现共享和馆际交流等问题,提出了一个基于第三方平台的数字图书馆资源评价模式.第三方平台采用Web服务的方式,根据客户提供的数字资源唯一识别信息为客户提供数字资源评价服务.通过在数字图书馆中引入第三方评价平台的模式,不仅可以解决图书馆数字资源评价的问题,而且实现了跨馆的数字资源评价交流.%With the development of internet,the digital library has played a more and more important role in the modern library.In this article,aiming to problems of the digital library including the poor communication with the readers,the lacking of the readers' comments and failing to share the digital resource evaluation and the exchanges between the digital libraries,we present a resource evaluation mode based on the third-party platform for the digital library.By means of web service and according to the digital resource's unique identifying information provided by the customers,the third-party platform will provide the customers with the digital resource evaluation service.With the intro duction of such mode of the third-party evaluation platform into the digital library,it will not only solve the problem of digital resource evaluation in the library,but also realize the digital resource evaluation and exchanges across the libraries.

  4. 船舶物权登记对抗主义中“第三人”界定%Identification of the Third Party in the Doctrine of Registration to Perfect Security Interest about Real Right of Ship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何易

    2011-01-01

    Maritime Code and Real Right Code of PRC adopt the Doctrine of Registration to Perfect Security Interest when dealing with the alternation of ius in rem of ship,which means un-registered alternation can not act against a third party.In judicial system, the third party is identified generally in the application of relevant law,which leads to the logic confusion and interest unbalance between parties because this identification is not only aside from the Doctrine of Registration to Perfect Security Interest,but also at variance with the nature of Real Right.The Doctrine of Registration to Perfect Security Interest,introduced from abroad,is not on the basis of Chinese legalized model of the alternation of ius in rem,thus,the third party shall be identified restrictively under the Doctrine of Registration to Perfect Security Interest and defined comprehensively by the combination of the legal relationship,content of good faith and burden of proof on the basis of the principle of alternation of ius in rem of ship legalized.%我国《海商法》和《物权法》等就船舶物权变动确立了"登记对抗主义"立法例,即船舶物权变动未经登记不得对抗第三人。在具体适用相关法条时,司法界对第三人予以了泛化认定,既背离了登记对抗主义的本意又动摇了物权的性质,引致法律适用中的逻辑混乱、当事人利益失衡。从国外立法例引入的登记对抗主义并非以我国物权变动的法定公示模式为基础,故对登记对抗主义中第三人的认定必须有所限制,应在坚持船舶物权变动的法定原则基础上,在个案中区分法律关系并结合举证责任等进行界定。

  5. Serotoninergic effects on judgments and social learning of trustworthiness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonsen, Arndis; Scheel-Krüger, Jørgen; Jensen, Mads; Roepstorff, Andreas; Møller, Arne; Frith, Chris D; Campbell-Meiklejohn, Daniel

    2014-07-01

    Certain disorders, such as depression and anxiety, to which serotonin dysfunction is historically associated, are also associated with lower assessments of other people's trustworthiness. Serotonergic changes are known to alter cognitive responses to threatening stimuli. This effect may manifest socially as reduced apparent trustworthiness of others. Trustworthiness judgments can emerge from either direct observation or references provided by third parties. We assessed whether explicit judgments of trustworthiness and social influences on those judgments are altered by changes within serotonergic systems. We implemented a double-blind between-subject design where 20 healthy female volunteers received a single dose of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) citalopram (2 × 20 mg), while 20 control subjects (matched on age, intelligence, and years of education) received a placebo. Subjects performed a face-rating task assessing how trustworthy they found 153 unfamiliar others (targets). After each rating, the subjects were told how other subjects, on average, rated the same target. The subjects then performed 30 min of distractor tasks before, unexpectedly, being asked to rate all 153 faces again, in a random order. Compared to subjects receiving a placebo, subjects receiving citalopram rated targets as less trustworthy. They also conformed more to opinions of others, when others rated targets to be even less trustworthy than subjects had initially indicated. The two effects were independent of negative effects of citalopram on subjective state. This is evidence that serotonin systems can mediate explicit assessment and social learning of the trustworthiness of others.

  6. 第三方实验室质量管理和质量控制的实践与探索%Third-party Laboratories to Explore Standardized Quality Management and Quality Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨震炯

    2015-01-01

    研究第三方实验室质量管理与质量控制的基本规律和一般方法,分析相关制约因素,总结实践经验,从管理体系建设、文件控制、内部审核、人员培训和监督考核等5个方面探索和完善相关措施,从而实现实验室整体管理水平的科学化和规范化.%Research the basic rules and general methods of third-party laboratory quality management and quality control, analyze related constraints and summarize piratical experiences. Explore and improve the relevant measures from five aspects such as management system construction, document control, internal audit, staff training and supervision assessment, in order to achieve the laboratory's overall management scientific and standardized.

  7. The Legislation of the Executive’ s Civil Liability for the Third Party%论董事对第三人民事责任之立法--以食品安全事故为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕莉

    2014-01-01

    As the result of the legislation of the corporate social responsibility, the executive must bear legal liability for the third party. As the incidents of the food security taking place frequently at pres-ent, it’s necessary and feasible that the executive must bear civil compensation liability for the consumer. At the same time reasonable legislation is needed.%在公司社会责任的立法背景下,董事也应承担对第三人的责任。在食品安全事故频发的当下中国社会,董事对消费者承担民事赔偿责任不仅是必要的,也是可行的,同时必须进行合理立法。

  8. Reform Roadmap of the Third-party Environmental Pollution Control in China%我国环境污染第三方治理机制改革路线图

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董战峰; 董玮; 田淑英; 程翠云; 张欣

    2016-01-01

    第三方治理是促进环境污染治理市场化、专业化、产业化的有效模式,也是我国生态文明制度建设创新的重要内容。我国环境污染第三方治理还处于探索阶段,存在内涵不清晰、理论架构未建立、关键问题待突破、政策路径不明确等问题,系统设计我国环境污染第三方治理改革路线图是当前迫切的现实需求。本文在对第三方治理内涵的解析和界定的基础上,提出基于多中心公共经济论、市场经济利益最大化原理、规模经济及委托-代理理论的理论架构,综合分析第三方治理的理论依据及作用机制。从国家和地方两个层面梳理我国环境污染第三方治理的政策演进情况,并立足于我国环境公用设施建设和企业工业污染治理领域第三方治理的发展现状,剖析成效及问题,提出构建法律法规和标准体系、环境监管体系、经济政策支持体系、市场价格体系和企业诚信评价体系的政策机制改革框架及实施路径。%The third-party control is an effective model to promote the marketing, specialization and industrialization of environmental pollution control, and it’s also a great innovation in the field of China’s ecological civilization. China’s environmental pollution control by a third party is still in the exploratory stage, there are some problems existing to be solved, such as the connotation is not clear, the theoretical framework has not been established, key issues need to be broken, policies and pathes are not clear and so on, to design the roadmap systematically of implementing this pattern is an urgent need of current reality. Based on the analysis and definition of the connotation of environmental pollution control by a third-party, this paper proposed a theoretical framework that constituted by four theories, which are polycentric theory, interest maximization principle, the scale economy and the principal

  9. 第三方物流企业动产质押监管市场策略研究%Research on the Market Strategies of Supervising the Pledge of Movables of Third-party Logistics Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左振华

    2013-01-01

    通过对第三方物流企业开展动产质押监管业务所面临瓶颈分析,提出相关对策。即细分市场,变被动提供监管服务为主动出击,做到监管业务有所为有所不为,以规避风险。%Through an analysis on the bottlenecks for the imple-mentation of the business for the supervision of the pledge of movables of third-party logistics enterprises, relevant counter-measures are proposed, that is, the sub-division of the market, the change from negatively offering supervision service to active supervision, and appropriate supervision, aiming to help avoid risks.

  10. 第三方物流企业仓单质押融资模式与风险分析%Third Party Logistics Warehouse Receipt Pledged Financing and Risk Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘国红

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the definition of the nature of warehouse receipts and other basic concept of the warehouse receipts for further analysis. Which leads to'pledge of warehouse receipt financing, and its further introduction in the analysis of third-party logistics companies in the warehouse receipt financing pledge The face of risk and corresponding risk management strategies.%从介绍和分析仓单、仓单质押融资业务入手,解析第三方物流企业在仓单质押融资业务中所面对的风险。探讨企业可运用的风险管理策略。

  11. Strategy for Segmentation of Third Party Logistics Market Based on Customer Demand%基于客户需求的第三方物流市场细分及营销策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阎斌

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we pointed out the problems relating to the position and service content of the third party logistics market of China, then accordingly analyzed the customers and demand of the market, and at the end, proposed the path for the segmentation of the market and the strategy to choose the target market.%指出我国第三方物流市场存在定位模糊、服务内容雷同的问题,针对这一问题对第三方物流市场的客户主体和需求内容进行了细致分析,以此为基础提出了第三方物流市场细分的途径和目标市场选择的策略。

  12. B2C电商自营物流与第三方物流的绩效研究%Performance Research on the B2C Electricity Supplier Self-logistics and Third-party Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏伟

    2012-01-01

    国内B2C电子商务高速发展,作者结合亚马逊的成功经验和中国现阶段物流行业的实际情况,对电商采用自营物流和第三方物流的绩效和前景进行了阐述研究.%In China, B2C e-commerce develops rapidly. Combining with the successful experience of the Amazon and the actual situation of the logistics industry in China at the present stage, the author presents the performance of self-logistics and third party logistics and discusses its prospect.

  13. Capacity Assessment of the Third Party Logistics Based on AHP%基于层次分析法的第三方物流企业能力评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卫华

    2011-01-01

    第四方物流是一种整合整个供应链提供综合物流的模式,第三方物流的选择对第四方物流的成功至关重要。利用层次分析法对第三方物流企业的能力进行了深入研究,界定了新的评价指标体系,建立了评价模型。%The 4PL is a model that integrates the whole supply chain and provides integrated logistics. The choice of third-party logistics is vital to the success of the Fourth-party logistics. The Capacity of 3PL supplier is deeply studied by the use of AHP. The new evaluation index system is defined and the model is established.

  14. Design of Enterprise Information Portal for Third Party Logistics Based on Multi-Agent Technology%基于Multi-Agent技术的3PL企业信息门户设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭扬

    2006-01-01

    本文提出以企业信息门户(EIP,Enterprise Information Portal)作为第三方物流(3PL,Third Party Logistics)企业信息系统的表现层,以Multi-Agent技术作为系统智能信息处理实现的机制,探讨3PL企业物流信息系统的设计方案与实现技术,并就相关系统应用架构,多Agent模型及其业务协作流程,以及信息门户中的认证Agent和门户管理Agent等实现机制进行了分析和设计.

  15. 第三方测评在医院患者满意度调查中的应用%The Application of Third Party Assessment in Patient Satisfaction Survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾又佳; 李顺民

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, hospitals carried out patient satisfaction survey to improve the quality of their medical service and meet patients' need. This article discussed the strengths and weakness of patient satisfaction survey conducted by the third party based on the survey content and results of 2012 patient satisfaction survey in Shenzhen Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital.%近年来,各大医院为提高医院服务质量,满足患者需求,逐步开展了患者满意度调查。本文结合2012年深圳市中医院患者满意度调查的内容、结果,探讨第三方测评在医院患者满意度调查中的优势及不足。

  16. 面向集成创新的第三方技术源选择方法研究%The selection method of third-party technology providers in integrated innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建军; 张米尔

    2009-01-01

    In the process of integrated innovation, how to select the best technology is one of complicated issues for firms. Based on the property analysis of decision making for the technology selection, a comprehensive assessment method for the third - party technology providers' selection is developed by integrating analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and preference ranking organization methods for enrichment evaluations (PROMETHEE) , together with using geometrical analysis for interactive assistance (GAIA) for sensitivity analysis. Finally, taking computer numerical control machine as an application is given to illustrate the availability of the proposed method. The studies result indicates that as a scientific decision - making tool, the presented method is well suitable for the third - party technology providers' selection.%在集成创新的过程中,企业面临对多项技术进行选择的问题.在分析技术选择决策问题特点的基础上,运用多属性决策分析原理,综合应用层次分析方法、偏好顺序结构评估方法,提出了一种第三方技术源选择评价方法,建立了评价模型,并用交互辅助几何分析法对其进行灵敏度分析.以数控机床为例,将构建的第三方技术源选择模型应用于对数控系统的技术选择,说明该方法的科学性和有效性.

  17. A Survey of 25 North Carolina Health Departments/Districts on Knowledge, Attitudes, and Current Practices to Seeking Reimbursement From Third-Party Payers for Sexually Transmitted Disease Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovar, Cheryl L; Carter, Susan

    2017-06-01

    North Carolina Administrative Code 10A Chapter 41A.0204 (a) states "local health departments shall provide diagnosis, testing, treatment, follow-up, and preventive services for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, … These services shall be provided upon request and at no charge to the patient." Although health departments/districts may bill governmental or nongovernmental insurance providers for sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, current billing practices are unknown. Because of its high STD morbidity, the eastern region of North Carolina was targeted. Using a Qualtrics Survey developed to measure attitudes as well as knowledge and reimbursement practices, this descriptive study was performed with staff from 25 eastern North Carolina health departments/districts. Snowball sampling was used to allow for greater inclusion. Analysis of data was performed at the individual and agency level based on types of questions in the survey. For knowledge, 87% of the respondents reported being aware of the possibility of reimbursement from third-party payers/commercial insurance carriers for STD services. In regard to current billing of these services, 20 health departments/districts (80%) reported they were billing these payers. When asked about their attitude of seeking reimbursement from commercial insurance, 92% reported it was acceptable or very acceptable. But when asked if STD services should remain a free service at the health department, 55% supported and 45% did not. These data provide a knowledge base for assisting health departments/districts to move forward in improving STD services as well as maximizing reimbursement from third-party payers/commercial insurance carriers when possible.

  18. Strong Reciprocity and Non -Strong Reciprocity Third -party Punishment and Group Cooperation Order%强互惠、非强互惠第三方惩罚与群体合作秩序

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周怀峰; 谢长虎

    2015-01-01

    第三方惩罚包括强互惠和非强互惠第三方惩罚,它们都是维持群体合作秩序的重要手段。由两种惩罚各自的特点决定了它们在维持群体合作秩序方面具有不同效果,将两者有机结合能更好维持群体合作秩序。相较而言,强互惠因其亲社会性而能在一定程度上摆脱惩罚的困境显得更利于群体和谐合作,但强互惠惩罚发挥作用是有条件的,应针对不同社会资本的群体侧重不同的惩罚方式。%Third -party punishment includes strong reciprocity and non -strong reciprocity,which are most important means to maintain social cooperation order.The different characteristics of the two punishments lead to different effects on maintaining social cooperation order,and a good organic combination can better sustain the order. Comparing with non -strong reciprocity third -party punishment,strong reciprocity can get rid of the punish-ment dilemma to some extent with its pro -social characteristics,which gives advantages in maintaining social cooperation order.But strong reciprocity needs some certain conditions.Thus,we should take different punish-ments for different groups according to the characteristics of social capital.

  19. Study on Operation Mode of Third Party Logistics Financing Services Based on Financing Warehouse%基于融通仓的第三方物流金融服务运作模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢娉娉

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we first discussed the basic connotation of third parly logistics financing service and the financing warehouse, then explored the several key points in the operation of the third party financing warehouses, pointed out that for the warehouses to perform their basic functions of integrated service and credit integration and regeneration, we must place great emphasis on the location, layout plan of the financing warehouses, their innoculation with the purchasing supply chain and regional distribution supply chain of client enterprises, etc., and finally studied the operation mode of the third party financing warehouses under principal-agent and uniform credit extension respectively.%首先探讨了第三方物流金融服务及融通仓的基本内涵,接着就第三方物流融通仓运作中的几个关键问题进行了探讨,指出第三方物流融通仓服务要履行一体化服务和信用整合再造的基本功能,就必须在十分注重融通仓的选址布局、与企业采购供应链的融合、与企业区域分销供应链的融合以及采用统一授信额度和担保方式等,最后研究和分析了委托代理和统一授信模式下第三方物流融通仓的运作模式,并给出了对应的解决方案和运行框架机制.

  20. 基于供应链的第三方物流信息管理系统规划设计%Planning and Design of Third Party Logistics Information Management System Based on Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧

    2013-01-01

    第三方物流企业的信息化能力已经成为了影响其服务能力和竞争力以及客户满意度的关键指标,首先从供应链的视角研究和探讨了第三方物流信息管理系统的再造和优化问题,接着从订单处理、身份验证、信息分类管理、库存管理、配送运输管理以及决策分析等方面研究了供应链管理下第三方物流信息管理系统的业务运作模式,最后提出了第三方物流信息管理系统规划和设计的基本框架和结构,并分别对系统总体目标、流程分析和功能结构三个方面进行了重点研究.%In this paper, from the perspective of the supply chain, we studied the re-engineering and optimization of the third party logistics information management system, then examined the business operation mode of the system from the aspects of order processing, ID verification, information classification and management, inventory management, distribution and transportation management, and decision analysis, etc., and finally proposed the basic framework and architecture in the planning and design of the third party logistics information management system.

  1. 论第三方支付的洗钱路径与防范%On the Prevention of Money-Laundering Channels of the Third-Party Payment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘成贺

    2011-01-01

    Based on the third-party payment,there are so many channels for money-laundering,such as making the cash into the third-party payment,fictitious sale,screening the fund flow,cross-border supply and so on.In order to implement the safe prevention of money-laundering,firstly,the legal framework should be completed;secondly,the system of customer identify certified should be improved and the bloke trade and suspicious transactions should be reported;thirdly,the supervisory system of anti-money-laundering should be established;lastly,self-discipline of respective trade and international cooperation should be enhanced.To avoid unmanageable transaction and financial flow,banking accounts should be bound and the transaction records should be kept by aid of internet,which can guarantee the reality of deal,and resurrect the source and destination of funds.%利用第三方支付进行洗钱的路径有现金植入第三方支付系统、虚构交易、屏蔽资金流向、跨境支付等。我国应完善反洗钱法律制度,健全客户身份识别制度、大额交易和可疑交易报告制度,建立反洗钱监控系统,加强行业自律与国际合作,更要针对失控的交易与资金流,通过物联网帐户绑定、保存交易记录来保证交易的真实、再现资金的最初来源和最终去向,以实现对第三方支付洗钱的安全防范。

  2. 浅谈汽车电子零部件第三方实验室认可%Brief Introduction to the Third Party Laboratory Accreditation about Automotive Electronic Components

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘驰

    2016-01-01

    With the quick development requirement of standardization at automotive enterprise,the third pa-rty laboratory testing is largely demand.This is different from the conventional automotive product certifica-tion system both at home and abroad.This article focuses on the emergence of the third-party laboratory accreditation system.To compare the difference between American Association for Laboratory Accreditation and ISO 17025.Discussion about the Ford Company OEM approved plan.This article focus the third party l-aboratory accreditation steps and requirements on the standard comparison,self-assessment and on-site review.Final y,we discus the opportunities and chal enges of the test facility.%随着整车企业标准化的兴起让第三方实验室检测得到发展,这是有别于常规的国内外汽车产品认证制度现状,该文重点介绍第三方实验室认可制度的兴起。讲述汽车电子的电磁兼容实验室认可程序(AEMCLRP)与ISO 17025之间的区别。针对福特公司(FMC)的"OEM认可计划"进行深入探讨。从标准对比、自我评估以及现场评审等方面讨论了第三方实验室认可的步骤和要求,最后阐述了测试机构的机遇与挑战。

  3. 第三方物流参与供应商管理库存模型%Analysis of Vendor Managed Inventory with the Involvement of Third-Party Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王道平; 赵耀; 王爱霞; 杨建华

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the limitations of vendor managed inventory( VMI)and shows that improvement can be made if the third-party logistics involve the inventory management. To analyze the effectiveness , based on the economic order quantity(EOQ), a mathematical model is developed to describe such an inventory management mode by taking the transportation cost and safety stock into account. With this model, analysis shows that the involvement of VMI by third-party logistics can reduce the supplier's inventory and logistics cost, and increase the profit of both the supplier and retailer. However, with the increase of the order, inventory, and logistics cost, the profit of both the supplier and retailer reduces. Examples are used to verify the results.%从供应商管理库存的局限性出发,给出了优化的途径.基于传统的EOQ模型,在充分考虑运输成本和安全库存量的条件下,构建了第三方物流参与的供应商管理库存模型,进一步论证新模型降低了供应商的库存成本和物流成本,增加了供应商和零售商的利润;但随着订货成本的增加,库存和物流相关成本呈上升趋势,供应商和零售商的利润增幅也随之减小.最后通过具体的算例分析来验证上述结论.

  4. Informatics and Decisions support in Galway Bay (SmartBay) using ERDDAP, OGC Technologies and Third Party Data Sources to Provide Services to the Marine Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delaney, Conor; Gaughan, Paul; Smyth, Damian

    2013-04-01

    The global marine sector generates and consumes vast quantities of operational and forecast data on a daily basis. One of the key challenges facing the sector relates to the management and transformation of that data into knowledge. The Irish Marine Institute (MI) generates oceanographic and environmental data on a regular and frequent basis. This data comes from operational ocean models run on the MI's high performance computer (HPC) and various environmental observation sensors systems. Some of the data published by the Marine Institute is brokered by the Environmental Research Division's Data Access Program (ERDDAP) data broker, which is a broker technology that uses technology based on OPeNDAP and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards. The broker provides a consistent web service interface to the data services of the Marine Institute; these services include wave, tide and weather sensors and numerical model output. An ERDDAP server publishes data in a number of standard and developer friendly ways, including some OGC formats. The data on the MI ERDDAP (http://erddap.marine.ie) server is published as OpenData. The marine work package of the FP7 funded ENVIROFI project (http://www.envirofi.eu/) has used the ERDDAP data broker as a core resource in the development of its Marine Asset management decision Support Tool (MAST) portal and phone App. Communication between MAST and ERDDAP is via a Uniform Resource Identifier (Linked Data). A key objective of the MAST prototype is to demonstrate the potential of next-generation dynamic web-based products and services and how they can be harnessed to facilitate growth of both the marine and IT sectors. The use case driving the project is the management of ocean energy assets in the marine environment. In particular the provision of information that aid in the decision making process surrounding maintenance at sea. This question is common to any offshore industry and solution proposed here is applicable to other users

  5. Influences of environment and personality on cognitive judgment bias in chickens

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Cognitive processes include biases, such as cognitive judgment bias. Cognitive judgment bias influences how the surrounding is interpreted, and this can differ between individuals. However, thus far no formal framework exists to understand how cognitive judgment bias works. Here I investigated how environmental factors and personality influence cognitive judgment bias in Gallus gallus chicks. First I investigated how two environmental factors affected the cognitive judgment bias of laying hen...

  6. The Status Quo of Chinese Agro-products Logistics and the Establishment of the Third-Party Logistics Mode%我国农产品物流现状及第三方物流模式的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静

    2011-01-01

    The status quo of Chinese agro-products logistics is analyzed from the following five aspects: the circulation mode, exchange mode, storage and transportation situation, food safety security. The following problems in Chinese agro-products logistics are pointed out, including excessive circulation sections, bad time efficiency, single payment, slow circulation, backward information processing, obvious bullwhip effect, low logistics efficiency, low logistics technology, inadequate professional equipments, low standardization degree, organized operation mode and low degree of scale. The third-party logistics mode of agro-products is analyzed and the advantages of the mode are analyzed as well. Firstly, establishing information network through integrating circulation section to accelerate the circulation of agro-products; secondly, making the operation norms by providing professional equipments to secure the quality of agricultural products; thirdly, improving the core competitiveness of the whole logistics chain by intensifying specialized work division in each section of-the supply chain; fourthly, through forming scale economy to reduce logistics costs and increase the diversity of products; fifthly, through signing contracts to clarify duties and responsibilities . And materialize the profit integration of the supply chain. The measures for establishing the third-party logistics of agro-products are put forward, including establish the awareness and concept of socialized logistics services; intensify the support on the third-party logistics enterprises of agro-products; lay stress on the cultivation of logistics talents of agro-products; and vigorously apply the modem marketing means.%从流通模式、交易方式、仓储运输条件、信息流通方式、食品安全保障5个方面分析了我国农产品物流的发展现状,指出其存在以下问题:流通环节过多,时效性差;交付方式单一,流通速度缓慢;信息处理滞后,"牛鞭效应"明

  7. Using Trusted Third Party for Interoperability and Selection Among Clouds%基于可信第三方实现多云平台的交互和选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓萍; 孟坤

    2014-01-01

    随着云计算商业模式的成功推进,形成了三大主流的云计算服务模式:平台即服务、软件即服务和基础架构即服务。传统行业的供应商纷纷加入云计算的队伍。但由于激烈的竞争环境,使得云计算的标准化道路举步维艰,致使跨平台的交互和移植难以实现。同时,由于对不同的云平台没有形成统一可信的评价标准,使得众多的平台服务让用户无从选择。本文通过具体分析各种应用场景对跨平台服务的需求,得出构建“跨平台即服务”模式的必要性和必然性,提出利用可信第三方来实现“跨平台即服务”模式,给出跨平台的数据交互和移植行为在可信第三方监控下的规范化流程,并提出以可信第三方为中心的云平台安全和信誉评价标准,为企业选择合适的云平台提供参考。%With the successful development of cloud computing business models , three major cloud computing service models have been formed:Platform as a service , software as a service and infrastructure as a service .The traditional industry providers eagerly moved to join the cloud computing research , but the intense competitions make it difficult to standardize the cloud compu -ting and to realize the interoperability and cross-platform migration .Meanwhile , the numerous cloud platforms result in that users do not know how to make their choice due to the different cloud platforms without a unified , credible evaluation criteria .In this paper , first, a detailed analysis of various scenarios on the demand for cross-platform services is given , which shows the necessity and inevitability of building a “cross-platform as a service” model.Second, by using the trusted third party to achieve this cross-platform as a service .We give the standard process of data exchange and migration in the cross-platform under the supervision of the trusted third party , and provide users with a credible

  8. 基于跨境供应链整合的第三方物流海外仓建设%Third-party Logistics Construction of Oversea Location based on Cross-border Supply Chain Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁旭

    2016-01-01

    Thought the construction subject of oversea locations can be diversified, the strategic value of the third-party logistics’oversea location is increasingly prominent. From the perspective of cross-border supply chain, the service function extension commencing on middle-end warehousing and developing on tail-end distribution will have the qualitative change effect of integration on the whole cross-border supply chain if it continually expands to head-end transportation. However, the cross-border supply chain integration of the third party logistics is easily influenced by forwarder’s thought, expansion competition, oversea cooperation mode and international line’s development so that the inverse trend of integration is also inevitable. Only with the help of normalizing innovations, boosting construction, reducing intervention and adapting to environment, the oversea location ’s construction can develop along the direction of cross-border supply chain integration and thus play its important strategic role in the cross-border e-commerce era.%尽管海外仓的建设主体可以多样化,但是,以第三方物流公司为主体的海外仓建设的战略价值日益凸显。从跨境供应链的角度来看,第三方物流公司开始于中端仓储、发展于尾程配送的服务功能拓展,如果继续向头程运输延伸的话,就能够对整个跨境供应链产生整合质变的效果。然而,第三方物流公司的跨境供应链整合容易受到货代思维、扩张竞争、海外合作方式以及国际专线发展的影响,从而逆整合的发展趋势难以避免。只有规范海外仓创新、助力海外仓建设、减少海外仓干预、适应海外仓环境,第三方物流公司的海外仓建设才能沿着跨境供应链整合的方向发展,从而在跨境电子商务时代发挥其重要的战略作用。

  9. 第三人过错不应作为环境污染民事责任的抗辩事由%Fault of the Third Party should not Be the Civil Liability Defenses of Environmental Pollution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭本利

    2012-01-01

    That this article first analyzes the fault of a third person is the defenses of the tort cases of fault liability. Then it comprehensively reviews the evolution of the fault of a third person's position in China's environmental legislation, and for theoretical arguments about whether the fault of a third party is the defenses in civil liability for environmental pollution. It proposed that in any subsequent revision of China "marine environmental protection law" and "water pollution control act," and even the development of specialized environmental tort liability act, we should clearly define the fault of a third person, which are not the defenses in all areas of environmental pollution, while we also need to set up the mechanism of investigating the civil liability for fault of a third party leading to the environmental pollution and set up a social relief mechanism.%本文分析了第三人过错是过错责任侵权案件的抗辩事由,全面梳理了第三人过错在我国环境立法中的地位演变,并就第三人过错是否为环境污染民事责任抗辩事由的理论争议进行了深入的述评。提出在以后修改《海洋环境保护法》及《水污染防治法》,甚至制定专门的环境侵权责任法时,除了明确规定在所有环境污染领域第三人过错都不是抗辩事由外,还需合理地设置第三人过错污染环境民事责任的追究机制和社会化救济机制。

  10. The Subject of Third Party Evaluation in Government Performance and Its Eeffect%政府绩效的第三方评估主体及其效应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐双敏; 李跃

    2011-01-01

    第三方评估已成为我国政府绩效评估的主要形式。利用利益相关者理论中的“米切尔评分法”.对我国政府改革实践中已有的专家学者、专业公司、评议代表以及普通民众四种“第三方”主体进行利益相关性分析表明:专家学者“影响力”强,但“合法性”、“紧迫性”弱;专业公司“影响力”一般,“合法性”、“紧迫性”都弱;评议代表“合法性”强,“影响力”、“紧迫性”一般;普通民众“合法性”一般,“影响力”、“紧迫性”都弱。优化“第三方”主体应提高专家学者和专业公司的“合法性”、“紧迫性”.提高评议代表及普通民众的“影响力”。%Third party evaluation has become the main form of government performance evaluation in China. This paper utilizes Mitchell Score-Based Approach of Stakeholder Theory to analyse interest-relatedness of 4 kinds of subjects of evaluation in practice, they are experts and scholars, specialized companies, representatives of appraisal and common people. The finding is as follows: experts and scholars possess high power but low legitimacy and urgency; specialized companies possess general power, low legitimacy and urgency, representatives of appraisal possess high legitimacy, general power and urgency, common people possess general legitimacy, low power and urgency. Based on the analysis, the present author puts forward optimization of third party, which is raising legitimacy and urgency of experts and scholars and specialized companies and power of representatives of appraisal and common people.

  11. The Application of Customer Satisfaction Management in the Third Party Logistic Enterprise%第三方物流企业客户满意度管理的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚红

    2011-01-01

    良好的客户关系管理对于企业的生存和发展有着重要的意义,而通过客户满意度管理可以有效提升客户关系管理水平,加速企业内外部资源整合,实现顾客价值和企业价值。因此,客户满意度管理更加受到人们的重视。尤其在市场竞争激烈的今天,越来越多的企业认识到建立和实施客户满意度评价管理机制的必要性,处于服务行业的第三方物流企业同样也不例外。从ISO9001质量管理体系要求的角度来看,第三方物流企业导入并应用客户满意度来加强客户关系管理显得更为迫切。%It is a significant implication for enterprise to manage customer relations.In other words,good customer relationship management has important meaning for business's surviving and developing.And through customer satisfaction management,it can enhance customer relationship management level.Moreover,it can speeding up enterprise internal and external resource integration to realize customer value and enterprise value.Therefore,people pay more attention to customer satisfaction management.Especially in nowadays,fierce competition in the market make more and more companies realize the urgency to build and implement customer satisfaction management mechanism,and there is no exception for the third party logistics enterprise.From the ISO9001 quality management system requirement's perspective,it is much more necessity for the third party logistics enterprise to strengthen the customer relationship management by importing and applying the customer satisfactional research.

  12. 第三方负责回收的Dowrside-Risk闭环供应链协调性研究%Downside-risk Closed-Loop Supply Chain Coordination in the Circumstance of Third-Party Logistics Collecting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史成东; 陈菊红; 邢同卫; 程均谟; 殷秀清

    2011-01-01

    In the context of a risk-neutral supplier and a third-party logistics supplier and a downside-risk retailer, a downside-risk closed loop supply chain model is established by using game theory, and the impact of reve-nue-and-expense sharing contract is analyzed in the channel, which shows that the contract may not coordinate such a channel on the theory of downside-risk control. Also, a risk-sharing contract which is composed of reve-nue-and-expense contract and return policy is designed that offers the desired downside protection to the retailer, provides more profits to the agents, and accomplishes channel coordination. Moreover, an application example is given for testing the effectiveness and feasibility of the risk-sharing contract.In the context of a risk-neutral supplier and a third-party logistics supplier and a downside-risk retailer, a downside-risk closed loop supply chain model is established by using game theory, and the impact of reve-nue-and-expense sharing contract is analyzed in the channel, which shows that the contract may not coordinate such a channel on the theory of downside-risk control. Also, a risk-sharing contract which is composed of reve-nue-and-expense contract and return policy is designed that offers the desired downside protection to the retailer, provides more profits to the agents, and accomplishes channel coordination. Moreover, an application example is given for testing the effectiveness and feasibility of the risk-sharing contract.%以风险中性制造商、第三方物流服务商和具有下行风险特性的销售商组成的闭环供应链系统为背景,证明了在Downside-Risk约束下收益费用共享契约不能使闭环供应链协调.通过将补偿策略附加到该契约,设计了风险共享契约,既能满足下行风险约束,又保证供应链参与方利润均有增量,实现了Downside-Risk约束下闭环供应链的协调.最后通过应用算例说明了风险共享契约的有效性和可行性.

  13. A Study of the Potential Development (Profit) of the Third Party Food Cold-Chain%第三方食品冷链物流的发展(利润)空间研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐莎莎; 徐珍珍

    2011-01-01

    At present, the food industry competition is intense. Meanwhile, food safety problems occur frequently. The requirements on food quality and service increase, thus food cold-chain appears and prevails popular. However, food cold-chain proeesses cost too high. As a resul4 the third party logistics of cold-chain have emerged to reduce the costs of food enterprises for diversified development circulation. Cold-chain logistics is the next emerging industry with great future. National poliey support and market demand unmet, makes the third party logistics of cold-chain face an unprecedented development opportunities for development in China, as well as great challenge. Based on the analysis of the development status of cold-chain logistics, this artiele made a further study of the profit space of the cool-ehain logistics as well as the potential development opportunity.%目前食品行业竞争剧烈,食品安全问题屡见不鲜,人们对食品质量和服务的要求越来越高,由此冷链食品出现并盛行,但冷链食品过程成本高,食品企业为降低流通成本寻找多元化的发展途径,第三方冷链物流应运而生。冷链物流是未来新兴的具有巨大前途的行业,国家政策上的支持及尚未满足的市场需求,使得我国第三方冷链物流面临前所未有的发展机遇,但同时也面临着不小的挑战。因此在分析冷链物流发展现状时,进一步探讨冷链物流的利润发展空间以及未来的发展机遇。

  14. Research of Equity Mechanism of The Third Party Logistics Financing Model Optimization%引入股权机制的第三方物流融资模式优化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗娜; 董沛武

    2012-01-01

    Logistics finance is closely combined with resources of logistics,information and capital,which can provide comprehensive service for capital constraints enterprises and supply chain solutions.The paper mainly discusses the third party logistics enterprise and capital constraints enterprise's operation decision game in the logistics financial operation mode.With introducing equity mechanisms and modeling,the paper comparatively analyzes the quantity and the dealer of the profit condition that in order to justify the effect of financing pareto optimality.%物流金融是第三方物流企业的物流资源、信息资源与金融机构的资金流资源的紧密结合,从而为资金约束企业提供供应链综合服务解决方案。主要探讨物流金融运作模式中,第三方物流企业与资金约束企业之间的运营决策博弈,并引入股权机制优化其流程机理,通过建模对比分析模式优化前后经销商的订购量及第三方物流企业的收益状况,以此证明融资效果的帕累托改进。

  15. Third-party Logistics Service Provider(3PLs)——The Driver of Supply Chain Innovation%第三方物流公司(3PLs) ——供应链创新的推动者

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温德成

    2001-01-01

    The recent progress of third-party logistics serviceproviders(3PLs) is described, and the major scopes of business of 3PLs,the major reasons of its emergence, and its prospect introduced. The criteria and process to choose 3PLs are analyzed, and methods on how to manage this kind of partnership and to evaluate performance are also given. A successful case of how to use 3PLs to reengineer its supply chain is introduced.%简述了第三方物流公司(3PLs)的发展概况,介绍了当前3PLs的主要业务范围、兴起的原因和未来前景,分析了3PLs的选择步骤和对3PLs业绩的评价方法,探讨了一些企业与3PLs合作失败的原因,有针对性地提出了对这种合作关系的管理方法。

  16. 基于RFID技术的第三方冷链物流信息平台构建%Establishment of Third Party Cold Chain Logistics Information Platform Based on RFID

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋作玲; 邱晓雨; 徐杰

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, with RFID label with temperature sensor as the carrier for information collection, we built the third party cold chain logistics information platform based on big data. Then we introduced the positioning and key technologies of the platform and after proposing the general framework of the platform, analyzed its temperature monitoring and pre-warning system as well as the design of its hardware system and thee cold chain food tracking and tracing system, etc.%选用带有温度传感器的RFID标签作为信息采集载体,构建了基于大数据的第三方冷链物流信息平台。首先对平台的定位和关键技术进行了介绍,并在提出平台总体框架的基础上,对其冷链温度监控与预警系统以及相关硬件设计、冷链食品追踪溯源系统设计等进行重点分析,对于相关企业的发展和政府监管活动都具有一定的实践意义。

  17. Research on the Transportation Plan of the Third-party Recycling Logistics Enterprises in the Remanufacturing Environment%再制造环境下第三方物流回收企业运输计划的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟映竑; 黄鑫

    2014-01-01

    The rise in reverse logistics promotes the growth of third-party logistics recycling businesses responsible for the collection, storage and transport.Based on the analysis of impact factors on the cost of recycling enterprises, it discussed the alternate running of forward logistics and reverse logistics, and studied the optimization of the problems with transportation and inventory plans of recycling businesses via the employment of the EOQ model.Finally, a numerical example was given to examine the proposed model.%逆向物流的兴起促进了负责收集、储存与运输的第三方物流回收企业的发展。在分析了影响回收企业成本因素的基础上,就正向物流与逆向物流交替运作的情况对其展开了讨论,并利用EOQ模型研究了回收企业的运输、库存计划的优化问题,最后通过算例验证了模型。

  18. The Analysis of Jiangsu Province Environment Monitoring System Third Party Software Test Example%浅析江苏省生态环境监控系统第三方软件测试实例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彦红

    2015-01-01

    江苏省生态环境监控系统(1831系统)为全省的环保工作提供了完备的监督监测平台和丰富的实时底层业务数据。第三方检测机构对1831系统进行了全面的软件验收测试,发现缺陷,排查问题,为系统的正常稳定运行提供了有力保障。文章就江苏省生态环境监控系统第三方软件测试实例进行了分析。%Jiangsu province environment monitoring system(1831 system)has provided complete monitoring plat⁃form and abundant real time basic data for entire province's environmental protection working. Third party testing department has performed software acceptance testing for 1831 system roundly, found bugs and figured out prob⁃lems, guaranteed 1831 system steady operation.

  19. A study on the assessment model of third-party pharmaceutical logistics service providers%第三方医药物流服务商评价模型的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宿晓

    2012-01-01

    在当前药品集中招标采购的大环境下,第三方医药物流服务商的综合评价和公平选择至关重要.本文在进行问卷调查的基础上,建立了第三方医药物流服务商的综合评价指标体系,采用层次分析法和熵权法相结合的方法确定了各个评价指标的权重,最后运用TOPSIS法计算出各医药物流服务商的综合评价指数并进行优劣排序.%It is very important that integrated assessment and fair selection of third-partypharmaceutical logistics service providers in the bidding procedure of large regional congregate medicine purchases. This paper setup an integrated assessment index system to third-party pharmaceutical logistic service providers based on aquestionnaire investigation. The weight of every assessment index is calculated by AHP and entropy weight. At last, the optimal selection order of every third-partypharmaceutical logistics service pro-vidersis given based on the composite assessment index sys-temcalculated by TOPSIS method.

  20. The International Court of Justice and third-party interrention in maritime disputes: An assessment to the decision on Costa Rica’s and Honduras requests for permission to intervene in the Territorial and Maritime Dispute (Nicaragua v. Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Sarmiento Lamus

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Article 62 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice establishes that, should a State consider that it has an interest of legal nature which may be affected by the decision in the case, it may be permitted to intervene, being for the Court to decide upon the request. The Court’s latest decisions regarding third-party intervention indicated that the arisen discussions, in the jurisprudence and doctrine, concerning the construction and application of this topic seemed to have disappeared. Nonetheless, the Court’s recent decisions on Costa Rica’s and Honduras’ requests for permission to intervene in the Territorial and Maritime Dispute between Nicaragua and Colombia seems to have revive said discussions. This article presents a general introduction to intervention, explaining the application the Court has given to it, as well as analyzes each of the requirements a State must met in cases brought before the Court for its settlement. As a conclusion, a commentary and analysis to the Court’s most recent decisions on requests for permission to intervene is presented.

  1. Discussion on Marketing Strategy of Personalized Services by Third-Party Logistics Enterprise%第三方物流企业个性化服务营销策略探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔国成

    2011-01-01

    Although Logistics industry,especially third-party logistics enterprise,has made rapid progress in recent years,expected results are not obtained during its services for clients.The major reasons lie in lack of good communication and understanding between%物流业在我国虽然已经得到了飞速的发展,尤其是第三方物流企业,但在与物流消费客户的服务过程中并未得到预期的成效。其主要原因是双方之间缺乏良好的沟通与了解。因此,第三方物流企业要想获得市场的认可,实现服务的预期目标,就得充分了解消费客户的个性需要,制定个性化的服务营销策略。

  2. Exploring Operational Innovation of Third Party Logistics in the Context of E-commerce%电子商务环境下第三方物流运营创新模式的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思丝; 陈祥锋

    2011-01-01

    随着电子商务的高速发展,物流企业面临着新的挑战和新的机遇。传统物流运营模式难以适应当前电子商务的新要求。本文系统分析了不同类型电子商务模式中运营和物流的相互联系,总结了不同模式电子商务对物流服务的新需求。据此,本文提出了电子商务物流企业进行服务创新的维度分析方法,并结合相关案例进行深入探讨。%With the fast-growing e-commerce industry, third party logistics (3PL) companie,~ have to confront with new challenges and potential opportunities. Consequentiy, traditional operation models for 3PL firms are unable to satisfy customers in the e-commerce era. This paper presents the relationship between logistics firm and e-commerce firm' s operations process in detail, and inspects the new requirements on logistics services in e-commerce era. Furthermore, it shows how the 3PL firms design the innovation service model in practice, and also offers relative case study for reference.

  3. 患者满意度第三方调查对行风工作的促进%Patient Satisfaction Third-party Investigation for the Promotion of the Enhancement Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方芳

    2014-01-01

    患者对医院满意度的评价是衡量医院医疗服务水准的重要指标之一,满意度调查在加强行风建设、促进医院管理方面发挥了积极作用。2013年开始南京市卫生系统在传统满意度调查基础上,积极引进第三方调查机构,全面提升社会对调查工作知晓率,不断改进和提高医疗服务水平,有力促进和提高人民群众对卫生工作满意度。%The evaluation of patients on hospital satisfaction is one of the important indicators to measure hospital medical service level, the satisfaction survey in strengthening the construction of the enhancement, promote hospital management has played a positive role. Began in 2013, nanjing health systems on the basis of traditional satisfaction survey, actively introduce third-party investigation agencies, improve social awareness in survey work, and constantly improve and improve the medical service level, ef ectively promote and enhance the people on health work satisfaction.

  4. 无权代理人对第三人的责任--以功能论为视角%On the Non-Authorized Agent’ s Liability for the Third Party:from the Perspective of Functionalism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵申豪

    2015-01-01

    无权代理未获被代理人追认、且不构成表见代理时,为保护善意第三人利益,我国《民法通则》和《合同法》规定“由行为人承担民事责任”。但该责任的性质、内容及范围,现行法均未明确。通说认为,该责任是一种以无过错责任原则、履行利益为特征的特别责任,但从功能论视角分析,兼顾概念逻辑之周延,该责任应适用过错责任原则,赔偿范围也限于信赖利益。%Non-Authorized Agent should bear civil liability for the third party according to Principles of the Civil Law and Contract Law when his conduct is not admitted.But for the nature, content and scope of the responsibility, the current law has not specified.Although the mainstream theory thinks it is a non-fault lia-bility which is limited to performance benefit, from the perspective of functionalism, it is applicable to the principle of liability for fault and the scope is limited to reliance interest, not performance benefit.

  5. On the Brand Construction Strategy of the Third Party Logistics Enterprise Based on the Customer Competition%基于客户竞争的第三方物流企业品牌建设策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冬

    2014-01-01

    The satisfaction degree of the logistics customers is the center of the enterprise profit, and trying to build customer competitiveness is indispensable work of the brand construction of each logistics enterprise. Aimed at the status that the third party logistics enterprises don't pay attention to the brand construction, the reality value of the 4C marketing combination on logistics enterprise brand construction should be realized, and the following strategies should be taken: make clear of the brand concept of the enterprise;improve the logistics service quality;maintain the logistics enterprise's brand image, and innovate and develop the brand strategy.%物流客户的满意度是企业利润的中心,倾力打造客户竞争力是每个物流企业品牌建设不可或缺的工作。针对第三方物流企业不重视品牌建设的现状,应发挥4C营销组合对物流企业品牌建设的现实价值,采取以下策略:明确本企业品牌理念;提升物流服务质量;维护物流企业品牌形象,创新发展品牌战略。

  6. 第三方物流服务的顾客满意度研究--基于电子商务情景%Reasearch on Customer Satisfaction to Third-party Logistics Services---In an E-commerce Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩超群

    2014-01-01

    In the context of Chinese e-commerce, based on prior studies of logistic service quality and interviews of logistics customers, this paper developed the model of third-party logistics services customers' satisfaction by focusing on the two aspects of physical distribution and customer services of third-party logistics services and also information systems level and brand image. Structural equation model technology was used for analyzing 423 customers of third-party logistics services. The results indicate that physical distribution and customer services of third-party logistics services are both important aspects of third-party logistics services quality. The third-party logistics services quality has positive influence on customers' satisfaction. Information systems level and brand image not only have direct and positive impacts on third-party logistics services quality , but also have important indirect and positive impacts on customers' satisfaction.%在中国电子商务情景下,基于国内外物流服务质量与顾客满意的相关文献和顾客的访谈,从第三方物流服务的实体配送服务质量和顾客营销服务质量两个方面出发,结合信息系统和营销学领域的信息化水平和品牌形象变量构建了我国电子商务情景下第三方物流的顾客满意度模型。采用结构方程模型对收集的423份国内电子商务第三方物流服务顾客数据进行分析。结果表明,电子商务情景下,除实体配送服务质量外,顾客营销服务质量是第三方物流服务质量的关键维度。研究还发现,第三方物流服务质量显著正向影响顾客对物流服务的满意度;物流信息化水平和品牌形象对第三方物流服务质量存在显著正向影响,且还通过第三方物流服务质量对顾客满意存在重要的间接影响。

  7. Clinical Judgment: An Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Records, Nancy L.; Weiss, Amy L.

    1990-01-01

    This paper reviews the substantial body of research on clinical judgment and decision making in medicine and psychology and urges the incorporation of clinical judgment into the speech-language pathology field. The accuracy of clinical judgment, methods of its study, and suggestions for incorporating it into professional training are considered.…

  8. Judgments of brand similarity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijmolt, THA; Wedel, M; Pieters, RGM; DeSarbo, WS

    This paper provides empirical insight into the way consumers make pairwise similarity judgments between brands, and how familiarity with the brands, serial position of the pair in a sequence, and the presentation format affect these judgments. Within the similarity judgment process both the

  9. Marking as Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Val

    2012-01-01

    An aspect of assessment which has received little attention compared with perennial concerns, such as standards or reliability, is the role of judgment in marking. This paper explores marking as an act of judgment, paying particular attention to the nature of judgment and the processes involved. It brings together studies which have explored…

  10. Marking as Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Val

    2012-01-01

    An aspect of assessment which has received little attention compared with perennial concerns, such as standards or reliability, is the role of judgment in marking. This paper explores marking as an act of judgment, paying particular attention to the nature of judgment and the processes involved. It brings together studies which have explored…

  11. Judgments of brand similarity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijmolt, THA; Wedel, M; Pieters, RGM; DeSarbo, WS

    1998-01-01

    This paper provides empirical insight into the way consumers make pairwise similarity judgments between brands, and how familiarity with the brands, serial position of the pair in a sequence, and the presentation format affect these judgments. Within the similarity judgment process both the formatio

  12. Measuring Service Individuality in Third Party

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hsuan, Juliana; Prockl, Günter

    2013-01-01

    subject to a trade-off between the creation of complexity to reflect individual customer needs and the realization of synergy effects by the replication of common elements and the multiplied utilization of relevant resources for different customers. The appropriate mix of the more individual elements...

  13. Third Party Involvement in International Terrorist Extortion

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-03-01

    FAL - Argentine Liberation Front - Argentina 965 MANO - Argentine National Organization Movement - Argentina National Liberation Front - India ELN... Morris Draper, U.S. Political Secretary, kidnapped in Jordan. Sixty foreigners held hostage in two hotels in Amman, Jordan. - Ehrenfried von

  14. Security Implications of Third-Party Accelerators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-11

    than intended. Kleptography [4], [21], allows texts to be encrypted in such a way that a secret big-brother key can decrypt them. At system scope, a...symmetric encryption against mass surveillance,” Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2014/438, 2014. [5] R. Callan, A. Zaji, and M. Prvulovic, “A practical...learned,” IEEE Micro, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 86–88, Apr. 1995. [17] S. Skorobogatov and C. Woods, “Breakthrough silicon scanning discovers backdoor in

  15. Visual Surround Suppression in Schizophrenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tibber, Marc S.; Anderson, Elaine J.; Bobin, Tracy; Antonova, Elena; Seabright, Alice; Wright, Bernice; Carlin, Patricia; Shergill, Sukhwinder S.; Dakin, Steven C.

    2013-01-01

    Compared to unaffected observers patients with schizophrenia (SZ) show characteristic differences in visual perception, including a reduced susceptibility to the influence of context on judgments of contrast – a manifestation of weaker surround suppression (SS). To examine the generality of this phenomenon we measured the ability of 24 individuals with SZ to judge the luminance, contrast, orientation, and size of targets embedded in contextual surrounds that would typically influence the target’s appearance. Individuals with SZ demonstrated weaker SS compared to matched controls for stimuli defined by contrast or size, but not for those defined by luminance or orientation. As perceived luminance is thought to be regulated at the earliest stages of visual processing our findings are consistent with a suppression deficit that is predominantly cortical in origin. In addition, we propose that preserved orientation SS in SZ may reflect the sparing of broadly tuned mechanisms of suppression. We attempt to reconcile these data with findings from previous studies. PMID:23450069

  16. 基于信任列表的可信第三方跨域认证模型%A Trusted Third Party Inter-Domain Authentication Model Based on Trust Lists

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜海龙; 喻建平; 胡强; 冯纪强

    2012-01-01

    目前国内已有31家获得电子认证服务许可的第三方认证机构(certification authority,CA),跨CA的信任和验证日益迫切.针对该问题,提出了一种基于信任列表的可信第三方跨域认证模型.该模型依托公钥基础设施(public key infrastructure,PKI)所提供的数字证书等安全服务,通过引入新的信任机制更好地管理和控制了可信根证书列表,既避免了传统信任列表模型的诸多缺点,又能够有效实现多CA互信互认.为支持这一跨信任域模型的实际运行,设计了相应的工作流程和多CA认证方案,并开发了多CA应用支撑模块,以及就其中的关键技术问题进行了详细论述.分析表明,该模型能够让应用系统灵活地动态兼容不同CA所颁发的数字证书,且在认证效率、安全性、实用性以及应用改造等方面均具有明显优势.%At present, there are thirty-one third-party certification authorities ( CAs) obtaining a license of electronic certification services in China. The trust and verification schemes among CAs are becoming an increasingly urgent problem. In view of this problem, a trusted third party inter-domain authentication model based on trust lists is proposed in this paper. To overcome the shortcomings of traditional trust lists model, the proposed model utilizes digital certificate and other security services provided by public key infrastructure. It is better to manage and control the trusted root certificate lists by using a new trust mechanism. Furthermore, the proposed model can effectively realize multi-CA mutual trust and mutual recognition. For the practical running of the new model, we design its work-flow, multi-CA authentication scheme and multi-CA application supporting system. In addition, some key technology problems are discussed in detail. Analysis shows that the proposed model can facilitate application systems' dynamic compatibility to the digital certificates issued by different

  17. 第三方认证下的食品信任品市场均衡形态分析%Food Credence Goods Market Equilibrium Morphology under Third-party Authentication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建华; 陆晓博; 包含

    2016-01-01

    By classifying consumers into “sensitive” and“unresponsive”, a two-stage dynamic game mod-el is constructed .In stage 1 , high-quality firms decide whether to implement the third-party certification system and set prices .In stage 2, low-quality firms decide whether to camouflage certification and transfer to consumers price signals connected with products ’ quality information .The conditions to realize separa-ting equilibrium of the market under three different circumstances are also discussed :with only“sensitive”consumers , with only “unresponsive” consumers , and with both “sensitive” and“unresponsive” consum-ers.The result reveals that whether or not the high-quality firms use the third-party certification label, the food credence goods market realizes separating equilibrium under certain conditions .In addition, in the market coexistence of “sensitive” and “unresponsive” consumers, when the power of government supervi-sion and punishment is weak , prices of high-quality products are comparatively low , and when the percent-age of“sensitive” consumers is high , low-quality firms tend to have the motivation to be disguised as high-quality firms.%在将市场中消费者类型分为“敏感”和“迟钝”的基础上,构建了食品信任品市场中先由高质量企业制定第三方认证标签决策,然后低质量企业通过是否伪装第三方认证和传递价格信号向消费者披露产品质量信息的两阶段动态博弈模型,讨论了在仅有“敏感”消费者,仅有“迟钝”消费者,以及“敏感”和“迟钝”消费者并存的3种不同市场结构中,实现市场均衡的条件。研究结果表明,无论高质量生产企业是否采用第三方认证标签,在满足一定条件下都可以实现市场的分离均衡,并且在实施第三方认证标签制度的食品信任品市场上,在政府惩罚力度较小、高质量产品定价较低、敏感消费者比

  18. Regulatory Model Construction of Building Safety Based on Third-Party Assessment Mechanism%基于第三方评估机制的建筑物安全监管模式构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮

    2011-01-01

    There exists deficiency in current building safety supervision mode.Therefore,the third-party assessment institution as a"chain"of building safety management is introduced into,the original divided and intermittent ad-ministration functions can be integrated into an organic network,so the supervision system can evolve into a long-lasting and adaptive management system.This paper mainly researches the construction approach and the operating mechanism of this new regulatory model,clarifies the responsibilities of the parties involved in this model.It is hoped that this model can provide a feasible solution to the public management reform on building safety supervi-sion in China.%现有的建筑物安全监管模式存在若干不足。为此引入第三方评估机构作为建筑安全管理的"链",将分属于各部门的、条块的、间歇式的行政管理职能有机地联接成一个网状的、长效的和自适应的管理系统,从而实现政府行政监督与现场技术监督的分离,有效地利用监管资源。文章探讨了新的监管模式的构建途径、系统运行机制及各相关子系统的职责,期冀该模式能为政府机构改革提供监管模式参考。

  19. The closed loop supply chain recycling by third party coordinative replying unexpected accident%第三方回收闭环供应链协调应对突发事件研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新然; 胡鹏旭; 牟宗玉

    2013-01-01

    本文以一个制造商、一个零售商和一个第三方回收商组成的闭环供应链系统为研究对象,分析了闭环供应链中存在的“双边际效应”问题,并通过收益费用共享契约解决上述问题,使闭环供应链实现协调.此外,本文分析了突发事件引起闭环供应链中最大市场需求规模发生扰动时,原收益费用共享契约下闭环供应链的协调会被打破这一问题,进而对收益费用共享契约加以改进,使之适用于协调突发事件发生前与发生后的闭环供应链系统.%The coordinative strategy of closed - loop supply chain consisted of one manufacturer, one retailer, and one third party who is in charge of the recycle of used products is studied. The double marginal effect in closed - loop supply chain is analyzed, and then such supply chain coordinates with revenue - and - expense sharing contract. Furthermore, the conclusion shows that the coordination of the decentralized closed - loop supply chain could be broken off under the original revenue - and - expense sharing contract when the disturbance of the biggest market demand scale in the closed loop supply chain caused by unexpected accident occurs. Then, an improved revenue - and - expense sharing contract has been given, which is able to coordinate the closed loop supply chain and is suitable for coordinating closed loop supply chain before and after unexpected accident.

  20. Price Coordination of Closed-Loop Supply Chain Involving Third-Party Recycling%第三方负责回收的闭环供应链差别定价协调契约设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张克勇; 周国华

    2011-01-01

    Based on the game theory, the differential price coordination is addressed in this paper for a closed-loop supply chain with third-party collection of used products. First, the decentralized and centralized differential pricing models are established. With them, the optimal pricing strategy and the optimal profit for the members in a closed-loop supply chain are analyzed. Then,it is found that efficiency is lost in the decentralized closed-loop supply chain. Finally,it puts forward a profit-sharing coordination contract to coordinate the closed-loop supply chain, which makes the profit of the decentralized closed-loop supply chain equal to that of the integrated closed-loop supply chain.%以博弈论为基本研究方法,研究了第三方负责回收的闭环供应链系统差别定价协调契约的设计问题.构建了三方非合作分散决策情形和合作集中决策情形下的系统差别定价模型,分析得到了两种情形下闭环供应链系统成员的最优定价策略和利润,发现三方分散决策会造成系统效率的损失.由此,提出了一种收益分享协调契约,实现了闭环供应链系统的协调,并使供应链系统整体利润达到集中决策时的利润水平.

  1. 以企业为主导的第三方职业教育质量评价体系构建%Construction of the Framework of Enterprise-oriented Third-party Evaluation Mechanism for Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐兰

    2015-01-01

    Gradually establishing a enterprise-led third party vocational education quality evaluation system, will help match students' knowledge and skills and professional competence of enterprise post, enhance the professional level education institutions, and it is an important breakthrough in the current development of vocational education. According to the process of the formation of the quality of vocational education, it will be divided into pre-evaluation index system, during evaluation, and later follow-evaluate three dimensions, with an emphasis on professional competence and professionalism of such indicators guiding role in the quality of talent cultivation process.%随着职业教育的进一步发展,逐步建立以企业为主导的第三方职业教育质量评价体系,将有利于促进学生知识结构和技能与企业需求的匹配,提升职业院校的教学质量,使职业院校毕业生具备相应的人力资本水平,满足区域经济发展的需要。第三方职业教育质量评价以职业教育在各层次满足社会需要程度为评估对象,由以行业企业为主导的主体组成,由包括事前评估指标、事中评估指标、事后评估指标在内的评估指标体系来评估和反馈职业教育质量水平。

  2. 基于第三方可信云的安全协同工作方案%A Secure Collaborative Work Scheme on the Basis of the Third Party Credible Cloud

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘定; 陈婷婷

    2014-01-01

    With a variety of private cloud or public cloud universal applications, security issues of cloud computing have become a hot spot. On the basis of other scholars research of cloud security, this paper discusses major security risks in free cloud computing environments nowadays, constructs a secure collaborative work scheme on the basis of the third party credible cloud, and analyzes its detailed structure and principles. The third credible cloud includes three main modules: authentication, key distribution and data transmission, and monitoring management. The scheme conduces to a variety of cloud entities security and is of high feasibility.%随着各种私有云或公有云的普及应用,云计算的安全问题成了热点。在其他学者对于云计算安全研究的基础上,探讨了目前自由云计算环境下的主要安全风险,构建一个基于第三方可信云的安全协调工作方案,并对其结构和原理进行了具体的分析。第三方可信云包括身份认证、密钥发布和数据传输、监控管理三个主要模块,该方案有利于各种云实体安全协同工作且可行性高。

  3. Receptivity and judgment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Nedelsky

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Both judgment and receptivity are important to optimal politics, and both are important to each other. In making this argument, I use an Arendtian conception of judgment and take mindfulness as an example of receptivity. I argue that receptivity offers a needed dimension to addressing the puzzles of what makes Arendtian judgment possible, and that judgment provides a necessary complement to receptivity for action in the world. Exploring this complementary relation between judgment and receptivity also reveals a surprising similarity between what each offers to the practice of politics, in particular to freedom and the possibility of transformation. At the same time, I argue, these important contributions to politics are best understood and realized if judgment and receptivity are thought of as distinct forms of relating to the world.

  4. Social judgments from faces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todorov, Alexander; Mende-Siedlecki, Peter; Dotsch, Ron

    2013-06-01

    People make rapid and consequential social judgments from minimal (non-emotional) facial cues. There has been rapid progress in identifying the perceptual basis of these judgments using data-driven, computational models. In contrast, our understanding of the neural underpinnings of these judgments is rather limited. Meta-analyses of neuroimaging studies find a wide range of seemingly inconsistent responses in the amygdala that co-vary with social judgments from faces. Guided by computational models of social judgments, these responses can be accounted by positing that the amygdala (and posterior face selective regions) tracks face typicality. Atypical faces, whether positively or negatively evaluated, elicit stronger responses in the amygdala. We conclude with the promise of data-driven methods for modeling neural responses to social judgments from faces.

  5. Mistaking Judgments of the Agreeable and Judgments of Taste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francis Raven

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In the Critique of the Power of Judgment, Kant develops a rigorous formulation of aesthetic judgments, in which he makes a sharp distinction between judgments of taste and judgments of the agreeable (both of which are, I claim, types of aesthetic judgments if only to dismiss judgments of the agreeable as worthy objects of study. Kant is primarily concerned with judgments of taste, the main example of which is judging something to be beautiful (whether it be a work of art or a natural object. He asserts that such judgments are subjective, universal, necessary, disinterested, and do not presuppose a purpose. The other type of aesthetic judgment are judgments of the agreeable, “which are the kind of judgment expressed by saying simply that one likes something or finds it pleasing.” These are judgments of what, in Kant’s words, please “the senses in sensation” as opposed to pleasing ourcognition in reflection.

  6. Self-marketing and self-consumption by third parties according to the EEG. Practical and legal problems of marketing and selling of self-produced solar electricity; Eigenvermarktung und Selbstverbrauch durch Dritte nach EEG. Praktische und rechtliche Fragen der Veraeusserung selbsterzeugten Solarstroms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hahn, Christopher; Naumann, Daniel [Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH, Leipzig (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    According to Section 33 No. 2 p. 1 EEG, reimbursement for photovoltaic power generation must be granted also if a third party consumes the generated power in the immediate vicinity in the plant and is able to prove it. The wording of the law is ambiguous as 'third party' and 'self-consumption' do not immediately specify when a right to reimbursement has arisen and when not. The contribution attempts to help with the solution of these interpretation problems and also throws a light on the rights and obligations of a PV plant owner in general. The high practical relevance of the issue is also reflected in the fact that the legal problems discussed here were implemented, and solved to a large extent, in the amendment of the EEG that came into force on 1 January 2012.

  7. Study of the Military Third-Party Logistics Supplier's Selection Based on TOPSIS Method and GREY Relative Degree%基于TOPSIS法和灰色关联度法的军队第三方物流供应商评价分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭绍雄; 唐斐琼

    2012-01-01

    The introduction of the military third-party logistic is a necessary measure to realize logistics support socialization. According to the problem of the military third-party lo- gistics suppliers selection and evaluation, this paper firstly establishes a comprehensive military third-party logistics supplier evaluation index system. Secondly, this paper establishes an evaluation model combined with TOPSIS method and GREY relative degree. This model which has the certain theory basis can be used to analyze and decision-making, and an example is presented to prove the effectiveness and feasibility of the model. Satisfactory results have been obtained, which provides a new thinking to select military third-party logistics suppliers more scientifically and exactly.%军队引入第三方物流是实现后勤保障社会化的必然举措,文章针对军队第三方物流供应商的选择评价问题,首先建立了军队第三方物流供应商的综合评价指标体系,其次提出了基于TOPSIS法和灰色关联度法的模型,该模型具有一定的理论依据,对军队第三方物流供应商进行了分析和排序,并通过实例对模型的有效性和实用性进行了验证,取得了较为满意的结果,为军队第三方物流供应商决策的科学性与准确性提供了一个新的思路。

  8. The Hague Judgments Convention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter Arnt

    2011-01-01

    The Hague Judgments Convention of 2005 is the first global convention on international jurisdiction and recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters. The author explains the political and legal background of the Convention, its content and certain crucial issues during...

  9. Judgments in Language Testing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J.Charles Alderson

    2009-01-01

    Language testing is an area linguistics that combines the professional judgment and the nature of the of applied exercise of about language, learning, achievement of language learning with empirical data about students' performances and, by inference, their abilities. This paper addresses the relationship between judgments and empirical data in language testing by reporting on three studies.

  10. Outcone Fairness Effect in the Third-party Context:An ERP Study%第三方情境的结果公平效应:来自ERP的证据

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁嘉峰; 林慧妍; 吴颢; 郑雪

    2015-01-01

    The concept of fairness is a pivotal topic in the history of human thought. Previous studies have been demonstrated that people are inclined to express strong disapproval of and to punish social norm violators when observing others suffer from unfair treatment. How-ever,the neural mechanism underlying this phenomenon remains unclear. Using a third-party ultimatum game combined with event-related potentials( ERP)technique,the present study investigate how our brain encodes other-regarding outcome in the context of inter-est-independent and intention-irrelevant. Behavioral results displayed higher rejection rates and more unpleasant feelings for fair of-fers than for unfair offers. ERP results also revealed that FRN and P300 were both sensitive to fairness information,with a more negative-going FRN and a smaller P300 for unfair offers than for fair offers. These findings provide neurophysiological evidence that individuals take the fairness of other-regarding outcome into consideration even if their self-interests are not involved in wealth allocation.%公平是人类社会的永恒主题。已有研究表明,个体在目睹他人遭受不公平对待时会谴责和惩罚违规者,但其神经机制尚不清楚。该研究运用第三方最后通牒博弈任务和ERP技术,在不涉及利益相关性和分配动机的情况下,考察第三方情境的结果公平效应。行为结果发现,不公平方案比公平方案引起了第三方更多的拒绝行为和更偏向负性的情绪体验。脑电结果也发现,结果公平性的不同水平诱发了不同波幅的FRN和P300,与公平方案相比,不公平方案诱发了更大的 FRN和更小的 P300。这表明即使与自身收益无关,个体加工他人利益分配过程中的结果信息时会受到公平准则的影响。

  11. Comparative Research on Excellent Third-Party Wealth Management Organizations in China and the Enlightenment%我国优秀第三方财富管理机构比较研究及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾贵勤; 冀伟; 周雯瑜

    2012-01-01

    综合国内优秀的财富管理机构战略定位、目标客户、业务范围展开分析发现:在战略定位方面,财富管理机构均将自己的定位冠以行业首家、领先、卓越、权威等;在目标客户方面,财富管理机构的目标客户大都为高端、高净值客户;在业务范围方面,主要包括资本市场的常见理财、投资产品,并进行产品的筛选以及客户的资产配置。目前。国内财富管理机构。还没有专门针对超高净值人群提供财富管理的第三方理财机构,这为新型财富管理创造了机遇,但也提出了挑战。财富管理机构应从差异性入手,以品牌化、专业化和强化客户经理服务为要点。开拓新型财富管理业务,寻找新的业务支点,开辟新型财富管理之道。%Analyzing the strategic positioning, target customers and business scope of excellent domestic wealth management organiza- tions, we find that in terms of strategic positioning, wealth management organizations position themselves as the first in the industry, lead, excellence and authority; in regard to target customers, their target customers are mostly high-end and high-net-worth clients; with respect to business scope, there are common financial management, investment products in the capital market, product selection and asset alloca- tion of customers. At present, the domestic wealth management organizations provide no third-party financial institutions to high-net-worth dients, which not only create opportunities for new wealth management, but also put forward challenges. Wealth managing agencies should start from the difference, take branding, specialization and strengthening service of customer managers as the key points, open up a new wealth management business, look for new business fulcrum and develop new ways of wealth management.

  12. Third party logistics service quality and its impact on customer satisfaction of C2C%3PL服务质量与C2C顾客满意度的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶作亮; 蔡丽; 叶振华; 代丽

    2011-01-01

    物流业务外包后,第三方物流(3PL)公司代替企业与顾客互动,这在电子商务中尤为明显,因此第三方物流公司的服务质量是否影响顾客满意度成为一个重要问题。在C2C网络购物环境中,基于物流服务质量模型,建立了第三方物流服务质量与顾客满意度的测评模型(LSQ—CS)。对LSQ—CS模型的实证研究表明:物流交互和运作质量均影响顾客对第三方物流服务商的满意度;成本质量并不影响顾客对第三方物流服务商的满意度;物流交互质量对运作和成本质量产生影响;此外,第三方物流服务质量也影响着顾客对企业的满意度。这一研究结论表明当前物流%Third Party Logistics(3PL) tends to interact with the customers on behalf of the manufacture companies, when the logistics is outsourced, especially in the market of electronic commerce. Therefore how the service quality of 3PL affects the customer satisfaction becomes a key issue. Based on the logistics - service - quality model, a Logistics - Service - Quality and Customer- Satisfaction( L,SQ- CS) model is built. The empirical analysis shows that the interactive quality and operation quality both affect the customer satisfaction of logistics service provider, furthermore the interactive quality affects the operation quality and cost quality. But the cost quality does not affect the customer satisfaction. And the service quality of 3PL does affect the customer satisfaction of companies. These research findings could contribute to 3PL provider for avoiding the vicious competition from low cost and company should select 3PL provider based on logistics - service - quality instead of only on cost.

  13. 第三方评价与廉政风险防控实效提升%Third-party Evaluation and Effectiveness Improvement of Pre-venting and Controlling Anti-corruption Risks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李科利; 梁丽芝

    2015-01-01

    Prevention and control of anti-corruption risks is an important practice and exploration which can promote the open and transparent operation of power, and improve the power restriction and supervision mechanism. However, at present, the prevention and control mechanism of anti-corruption risks in China still exists at a level of internal control. What’s worse, local government lack the correct understanding and practical applying of professional knowledge on modern management strategy. As a result, we haven’t gained a satisfactory achievement in preventing and controlling risks. The difficulties in our county mainly lie in four aspects:methods, systems, understanding and human resources. According to this situation, the third-party evaluation mode is put forward to change the incorruptibility risk assessment from the internal evaluation into external evaluation. It can help to establish a platform for the public to participate in the work of anti-corruption, enrich the theory and practice of risk management mechanism, and improve the effectiveness of preventing and controlling incorruptibility risks.%廉政风险防控是推进权力公开透明运行、健全权力运行制约和监督机制的一项重要实践和探索。目前,我国廉政风险防控机制属于内部控制,基层政府对于专业性较强的现代管理方法了解不深和应用不足,致使廉政风险防控的实效性不是十分明显。我国廉政风险防控主要存在方法困境、制度困境、认识困境、人力资源困境等现实问题。在廉政风险防控机制中引入第三方评价模式,是一项有益尝试,使廉政风险评估由内部评价转向外部评价,为社会公众有效参与反腐败工作提供了平台,有利于丰富廉政风险管理机制的理论与实践,大力提升我国廉政风险防控的实效。

  14. Coordination mechanism of dual-channel closed-loop supply chain based on third-party collection%基于第三方回收的双渠道闭环供应链协调机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许茂增; 唐飞

    2013-01-01

    针对双渠道闭环供应链的协调问题,基于博弈理论构建了制造商进行网上直销、零售商进行传统零售、第三方负责废旧产品回收的双渠道闭环供应链决策模型.分析和比较了集中决策与分散决策对供应链成员最优定价策略和利润的影响,发现分散决策会导致整个双渠道闭环供应链的效率损失.为弥补这种效率损失,以集中决策的最优结果为基准,设计了一个利润共享—费用分担契约来实现双渠道闭环供应链的协调.算例分析表明,所设计的利润共享一费用分担契约能够有效协调双渠道闭环供应链.%Aiming at the coordination problem of dual-channel closed-loop supply chain,a dual-channd closed-loop supply chain decision model with a manufacturer,a retailer and a third-party was established based on game theory.The influence of centralized decision-making and decentralized decision-making on optimal pricing strategy and optimal supply chain members' profit was analyzed,and the efficeney loss of dual-channel closed-loop supply chain was leaded by decentralized decision-making.To make up for such efficiency loss,a profit and expense sharing contract was designed to realize the coordination of dual-channel closed-loop supply chain based on the optimal result of centralized decision-making.The effectiveness of the profit and expense sharing contract was verified through a numerical example.

  15. 第三方回收商存在竞争的闭环供应链协调契约设计%Design of Contract for Coordinating Closed-loop Supply Chains with Competing Third Party Recyclers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓丽; 杨晓艳

    2014-01-01

    研究了由制造商、零售商和两家第三方回收商组成的闭环供应链系统的协调问题,其中两家第三方回收商具有竞争行为。构建了三方非合作分散决策情形和合作集中决策情形下的闭环供应链系统决策模型,得到了两种情形下的系统成员的最优定价策略和利润,发现在分散决策(非合作博弈)下的系统利润要低于集中决策(合作博弈)下的系统利润。因此设计了一种收益费用分享协调定价策略,以实现闭环供应链系统的协调,并使供应链系统整体利润达到合作集中决策时的利润水平。%In this paper, we studied the coordination of a closed-loop supply chain system composed of a manufacturer, a retailer and two third party recyclers, among which, the two recyclers were competing with each other. Then we built the decision models of the supply chain system respectively for the scenarios where the three parties made non-cooperative decisions individually and cooperative decisions jointly, derived the optimal pricing policy and maximum revenue of the system members in these two cases and found that the total revenue of the supply chain system was lower when the decisions were made individually (i.e., non-cooperative game). Accordingly, we designed a pricing strategy based on the sharing and coordination of system revenue and cost to bring the overall profit of the system up to the that when the decisions were made jointly.

  16. Third-party Political and Industrial Conduct Appraisal Mode Based on Information Base%基于信息库的第三方政风行风测评模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘东

    2014-01-01

    By directing at the characteristics of numerous and scattered appraisal units and service objects in political and industrial conduct appraisal, an appraisal mode based on the service object information base is designed, so as to realize democratic appraisal and efficient appraisal. Such mode will extract unit appraisal sub-lists from service object information base for different appraisal units in a certain amount and industry proportion according to industries involved with items requiring administrative approval and service objects. Under the supervision of appraisal units and State Council Office for Rectifying, the third-party platform will call 10,000 service objects on the spot and record the appraisal results immediately, which can reflect situations of units to be appraised democratically, fairly and justly. This has solved problems of low mass participation enthusiasm, unfair appraisal results, and time and energy consumption in traditional political and industrial conduct appraisal.%针对政风行风测评中测评单位与服务对象众多且分散的特点,为实现民主测评、高效测评,设计以服务对象信息库为基础,对不同的测评单位根据单位行政审批项目及服务对象所涉及的行业,按一定数量和行业比例从服务对象信息库中抽取单位测评子表,在测评单位和纠风办的监督下,由第三方平台现场通过10000号外呼服务对象,并现场记录测评结果,民主、公平、公正的反应被测评单位情况。解决了传统政风行风测评中群众参与积极性不高、测评结果水分多、且费时费力的问题。

  17. Evaluation of the Third-Party Logistics Enterprise' Service Capability Based-on Grey Hierarchy Method%基于灰色层次分析法的第三方物流企业服务能力评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单福彬

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, It works out the index system to evaluate the third-party logistics enterprise' service capability, Base on the status and characteristics of the third-party logistics enterprise. Computing the weights of the indexes based upon AHP. On the basis of the multilevel gray evaluation and AHP, the gray hierarchy evaluation model is set up. Then, the model is used in evaluation on the third-party logistics enterprise' service capability.%立足第三方物流企业服务能力评价的实际需求,制定以物流企业服务特点为根本的服务能力评价指标体系,利用层次法构建评价指标的层次结构,根据实践确定指标权重。将灰色评价和层次分析法相结合,构建灰色层次评价模型,以该模型来科学评价第三方物流企业服务能力。

  18. 基于平衡计分卡的第三方支付渠道评价标准研究与设计%Research and design of channel evaluation standard of the Balanced Scorecard Based on third party payment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡嘉荣; 钱正浩; 马旭; 陈非; 邹小武

    2015-01-01

    借鉴平衡计分卡的理念,从服务、效益、安全、潜力四个方面出发,构建了一套基于供电企业、用电客户及第三方支付合作伙伴3个角度的第三方支付渠道的整体评价标准。综合分析某供电企业直属供电局所客观因素与实际需求,针对性的增添现有渠道和新增渠道两子项的第三方支付渠道地域适应性评价标准。%From service,efficiency,safety and potential four aspects,by refering to the balanced scorecard concept,we construct a third-party payment channel evaluation standard,based on the multi-interests among power supply company,eclectricity customers and third-party payment partners.By comprehensive analysis the objective factors and actual demand of power supply bureaus directly under the enterprise,we added"existing channels" and "new channels"two sub-terms into the third-party payment channel evaluation standard for geographic adaptability.

  19. Study on Brokerage Behavior Selection of Third Party in Technology Innovation Network---Based on Structural Balance T heory%技术创新网络第三方经纪行为选择--结构平衡理论视角的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    党兴华; 成泷

    2016-01-01

    Structure balance is the important precondition for stable technology innovation network ,the third party has an important role in driving the inter -organization relationship of from unbalance to balance .this paper based on the struc‐ture balance theory ,used brokerage remuneration ,effects of structural holes and coordination cost to consideration for the otivation of brokerage behavior ,and reflect the coordinated ability hrough the knowledge power ,research for the broker‐age behavior choice of third party in unbalance triad structure .For a third party in different position ,we explore two as‐pects of the brokerage behavior :tertius gaudens and tertius iungens .Our findings show that ,knowledge power has a deci‐sive role for a third party to choice tertius gaudens behavior ,when the third party does not have the knowledge power ,the effects of motivation on behavior choice are more obvious .%结构平衡是维持技术创新网络稳定的重要前提,第三方在组织关系由非平衡转向平衡的动态过程中具有积极推动作用。在结构平衡理论的基础上,从经纪报酬、结构洞效应和协调成本等方面考虑经纪行为选择动机,并通过知识权力反映第三方协调能力,对第三方在非平衡三元结构中的经纪行为选择进行了研究。针对处于不同位置的第三方,其经纪行为主要包括两个方面:分而治之和协同促进。结果表明,知识权力对第三方协同促进经纪行为选择具有决定性作用,当第三方不具备知识权力时,动机对行为选择的影响尤为明显。

  20. 76 FR 69595 - Application of Third Party Testing Requirements; Reducing Third Party Testing Burdens

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-08

    ... Federal Register. Chairman Inez M. Tenenbaum, Commissioner Robert S. Adler, and Commissioner Thomas H... ADDRESSES portion of this document. ] Dated: October 21, 2011. Todd A. Stevenson, Secretary,...

  1. Original and Derived Judgment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Kirsten; Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    Recent work links entrepreneurship to the economic theory of firm using the Knightian concept of entrepreneurship as judgment. When judgment is complementary to other as-sets, and these assets or their services are traded in well-functioning markets, it makes sense for entrepreneurs to hire labor...... and own assets. The entrepreneur's role, then, is to arrange or organize the human and capital assets under his control. We extend this Knightian concept of the firm by developing a theory of delegation under Knightian uncertainty. What we call original judgment belongs exclusively to owners, but owners...... may delegate a wide range of decision rights to subordinates, who exercise derived judgment. We call these employees "proxy-entrepreneurs," and ask how the firm's or-ganizational structure — its formal and informal systems of rewards and punishments, rules for settling disputes and renegotiating...

  2. Resource Allocation of Third-party Warehousing Based on Revenue Management and Simulation%基于收益管理和仿真的第三方仓储资源分配

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘燕春; 周明; 陈智民

    2013-01-01

      To solve the capacity design and resource allocation problem at third-party warehousing under uncertain demands, a stochastic mathematical programming model is proposed .It is proved in this paper there exist optimal resource allocation quantities, and the optimal quantity of each class of customer is a decreasing function of unit resource cost, while an increasing function of unit resource revenue and unit lost cost .Because of the complexity for this problem to be solved analytically , a new approach integrating revenue management with discrete-event simulation and response surface methodology is developed .Revenue management is used to implement customer segmentation and construction of resource allocation policies .Simulation is employed to model the stochastic characteristics and evaluate the performance of the system .The optimization of allocation policies and exploration of performance improvement is realized by a statistical experimental technology , response surface methodology . Case study and simulation experiments show that allocating warehousing capacity according to customer segmenta -tion is better than the traditional policy of first come first service , and the combination of revenue management , response surface methodology and simulation can effectively improve system ’ s yield, which validates the approach proposed in this paper.%  针对不确定市场需求条件下第三方仓储资源的能力规划与分配问题,构建随机数学规划模型,理论分析证明了最优资源分配量的存在性,并指出最优资源分配量是单位资源成本的递减函数、单位资源收益和单位损失成本的递增函数。鉴于解析求解的复杂性,基于收益管理思想,结合离散事件仿真技术和响应曲面法,提出一种新的分析求解框架:收益管理用于细分顾客、构建资源分配策略,仿真模型刻画系统随机特性并评估系统绩效指标,响应曲面法则优化分

  3. Clinical Judgment and Affective Disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohmer, Douglas C.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Addressed the limitations of previous work on counselor clinical judgment in a study involving 20 counselors who were asked to make a series of judgments. Results suggested the judgment processes of experienced counselors making diagnoses of affective disorders differs depending on the type of judgment. (JAC)

  4. Clinical Judgment and Affective Disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohmer, Douglas C.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Addressed the limitations of previous work on counselor clinical judgment in a study involving 20 counselors who were asked to make a series of judgments. Results suggested the judgment processes of experienced counselors making diagnoses of affective disorders differs depending on the type of judgment. (JAC)

  5. 新形势下深入完善信访调解机制的思路与对策--以第三方介入为视阈%Countermeasures to Further Improve the Petition Mediation Mechanism under the New Situation:A Perspective of Third-party Intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴伟强; 彭江

    2014-01-01

    我国正处于经济社会多重转型的特殊时期,一些深层次的矛盾和问题逐渐凸显,信访工作形势日趋严峻。如何在新形势下实现信访调解工作新突破与创新,是摆在我们面前的现实课题与紧迫任务。信访调解机制中引入第三方介入来作为调节或解决信访纠纷的思路,其主要思想来源于莱斯特· M·萨拉蒙教授的第三方治理理论(the third-party government),现实中则来源于杭州市下城区信访工作引入第三方介入的实践探索。%At present , our country is in a transitional period of economy , politics and society .Many deep-seated problems are becoming prominent .Petition is facing unprecedented difficulties , and the situation is getting grim.Our urgent task is to make innovation and breakthrough in the mediation mechanism .Lester M.Salamon's third-party government theory provides us with ideas of third -party intervention in the mechanism of petition dis-pute settlement , and Xiacheng district in Hangzhou practices it in letter and visit .

  6. 中西部欠发达地区第三方物流发展对策--以怀化市为例%Third Party Logistics Development in Central and Western Underdeveloped Areas:A Case Study of Huaihua City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗浩

    2013-01-01

      第三方物流是衡量一个国家、地区物流发展水平的标志,怀化市有地处五省接边地区的区位优势,目前被湖南省委、省政府列入湖南省五大区域物流中心和湖南一级物流节点,还入列中国物流实验基地,物流市场需求巨大。怀化市第三方物流目前跟不上商贸物流发展的速度,成为怀化市物流市场发展的瓶颈。文章基于对怀化第三方物流业的发展现状及制约因素进行分析,依据现代物流发展的规律,提出怀化第三方物流发展中存在问题的解决对策。%The third party logistics is the symbol of the development level of a country and region. Huaihua city is located in the junction of five provinces which is the regional advantages. At present it is taken as the center of five provinces and the first logistics node by Hunan provincial Party committee and provincial government, also is fall in China logistics experimental base, so there is huge logistics market demand. The third party logistics of Huaihua City is not meet the trade logistics development speed, which has become the bottleneck of the development of Huaihua logistics market. This paper analyzes the present situation and restriction factors of Huaihua third party logistics, and put forward countermeasures according to the law of modern logistics development.

  7. Original and Derived Judgment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Kirsten; Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    Recent work links entrepreneurship to the economic theory of firm using the Knightian concept of entrepreneurship as judgment. When judgment is complementary to other as-sets, and these assets or their services are traded in well-functioning markets, it makes sense for entrepreneurs to hire labor...... and own assets. The entrepreneur's role, then, is to arrange or organize the human and capital assets under his control. We extend this Knightian concept of the firm by developing a theory of delegation under Knightian uncertainty. What we call original judgment belongs exclusively to owners, but owners...... agreements, means of evaluating perform-ance, and so on — can be designed to encourage forms of proxy-entrepreneurship that increase firm value while discouraging actions that destroy value. Building on key ideas from the entrepreneurship literature, Austrian economics, and the economic theory of the firm we...

  8. Original and Derived Judgment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Kirsten; Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    2007-01-01

    Recent work links entrepreneurship to the economic theory of the firm, using the concept of entrepreneurship as judgment introduced by Frank Knight. When judgment is complementary to other assets, it makes sense for entrepreneurs to hire labour and to own assets. The entrepreneur's role, then......, is to arrange or organize the human and capital assets under his or her control. We extend this Knightian concept of the firm by developing a theory of delegation under Knightian uncetainty. What we call original judgment belongs exclusively to owners, but owners may delegate a wide range of decision rights...... be designed to encourage forms of proxy entrepreneurship that increase firm value while discouraging actions that destroy value. Building on key ideas from the entrepreneurship literature, Austrian economics and the economic theory of the firm, we develop a framework for analysing the trade-off between...

  9. Persons without an heir in his will or judgment without an heir, from the perspective of jurisprudence and law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojtaba Mohebi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Wills, legal matters and legal ordinances, which were subject to the death of the testator. Will, from the perspective of jurists and lawyers, is divided into two categories ( Directive Possession - Abide . Unlike contract law, on behalf of the client 's life is a runner, of wills after the testator 's death. Examples of wills. Wills persons without heirs, or the judge has no heir. That is, with respect to personal property, which, while being the heirs of the deceased. Part or all of his property, the judgment is yours without an heir. Among jurists and lawyers about wills surplus to third parties without heirs, or the heirs there is no judgment. It seems that five major, there is separation. Noting the authors believe that the rule will, is applicable only to the third property, and on its surplus, subject to the permission of the heirs, in default of any person without testamentary heir or no heir rule, the rule Shedding person in life can any property be seized, and a will debate and process testator 's death, the heirs causal albeit limited to one person, it seems, in excess of one-third of wills is not right because it would infringe upon the rights of third parties, and Meanwhile Gradation rule sequence and confirm the story, which is primarily wills, inheritance and wills after the third Tuesday in the process of inheritance, the disorder is caused, therefore, it seems, wills Noting that the rules of jus conges, and the public order is this consistent with the norms and legal principles, and governed solely operate the public order.

  10. Surround-Masking Affects Visual Estimation Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jastrzebski, Nicola R.; Hugrass, Laila E.; Crewther, Sheila G.; Crewther, David P.

    2017-01-01

    Visual estimation of numerosity involves the discrimination of magnitude between two distributions or perceptual sets that vary in number of elements. How performance on such estimation depends on peripheral sensory stimulation is unclear, even in typically developing adults. Here, we varied the central and surround contrast of stimuli that comprised a visual estimation task in order to determine whether mechanisms involved with the removal of unessential visual input functionally contributes toward number acuity. The visual estimation judgments of typically developed adults were significantly impaired for high but not low contrast surround stimulus conditions. The center and surround contrasts of the stimuli also differentially affected the accuracy of numerosity estimation depending on whether fewer or more dots were presented. Remarkably, observers demonstrated the highest mean percentage accuracy across stimulus conditions in the discrimination of more elements when the surround contrast was low and the background luminance of the central region containing the elements was dark (black center). Conversely, accuracy was severely impaired during the discrimination of fewer elements when the surround contrast was high and the background luminance of the central region was mid level (gray center). These findings suggest that estimation ability is functionally related to the quality of low-order filtration of unessential visual information. These surround masking results may help understanding of the poor visual estimation ability commonly observed in developmental dyscalculia.

  11. Clinical Judgments of Depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Douglas N.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Investigated degree to which judges could simulate Basic Personality Inventory (BPI) responses of a clinically depressed patient group. Judgmental profiles of depressed patients indicated very high reliabilities across information conditions, a high association with actual profiles of clinically depressed patients, and differentiation from other…

  12. Variability of Creativity Judgments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caroff, Xavier; Besancon, Maud

    2008-01-01

    The Consensual Assessment Technique (CAT), developed by Amabile [Amabile, T.M. (1982). "Social psychology of creativity: A consensual assessment technique." "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology," 43, 997-1013], is frequently used to evaluate the creativity of productions. Judgments obtained with CAT are usually reliable and valid.…

  13. Benchmarking Judgmentally Adjusted Forecasts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans); L.P. de Bruijn (Bert)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractMany publicly available macroeconomic forecasts are judgmentally adjusted model-based forecasts. In practice, usually only a single final forecast is available, and not the underlying econometric model, nor are the size and reason for adjustment known. Hence, the relative weights given

  14. Benchmarking judgmentally adjusted forecasts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans); L.P. de Bruijn (Bert)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstractMany publicly available macroeconomic forecasts are judgmentally-adjusted model-based forecasts. In practice usually only a single final forecast is available, and not the underlying econometric model, nor are the size and reason for adjustment known. Hence, the relative weights

  15. Benchmarking judgmentally adjusted forecasts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans); L.P. de Bruijn (Bert)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstractMany publicly available macroeconomic forecasts are judgmentally-adjusted model-based forecasts. In practice usually only a single final forecast is available, and not the underlying econometric model, nor are the size and reason for adjustment known. Hence, the relative weights give

  16. Calibrating Legal Judgments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederick Schauer

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective to study the notion and essence of legal judgments calibration the possibilities of using it in the lawenforcement activity to explore the expenses and advantages of using it. Methods dialectic approach to the cognition of social phenomena which enables to analyze them in historical development and functioning in the context of the integrity of objective and subjective factors it determined the choice of the following research methods formallegal comparative legal sociological methods of cognitive psychology and philosophy. Results In ordinary life people who assess other peoplersaquos judgments typically take into account the other judgments of those they are assessing in order to calibrate the judgment presently being assessed. The restaurant and hotel rating website TripAdvisor is exemplary because it facilitates calibration by providing access to a raterrsaquos previous ratings. Such information allows a user to see whether a particular rating comes from a rater who is enthusiastic about every place she patronizes or instead from someone who is incessantly hard to please. And even when less systematized as in assessing a letter of recommendation or college transcript calibration by recourse to the decisional history of those whose judgments are being assessed is ubiquitous. Yet despite the ubiquity and utility of such calibration the legal system seems perversely to reject it. Appellate courts do not openly adjust their standard of review based on the previous judgments of the judge whose decision they are reviewing nor do judges in reviewing legislative or administrative decisions magistrates in evaluating search warrant representations or jurors in assessing witness perception. In most legal domains calibration by reference to the prior decisions of the reviewee is invisible either because it does not exist or because reviewing bodies are unwilling to admit using what they in fact know and employ. Scientific novelty for the first

  17. The Interaction Between Online Banks and Third-Party Payment from the Perspective of E-commerce Development Environment%从电子商务发展环境看网络银行与第三方支付的互动关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温辉

    2014-01-01

    在互联网经济大发展的时代,电子商务、网络银行与第三方支付的结合使互联网金融逐渐跃入公众视野,并在较短时间内呈现出几何式的增长速度,互联网产业开始对传统金融产业进行颠覆。在电子商务新发展形势下,网络银行与新型的第三方支付企业之间的关系实为合作与竞争并存。%In the era of Internet economy development, the public gradually gets to know about Internet finance with the integration of e-commerce, online banks and third-party payment. It had grown at a geometric rate in a short period of time and starts to overturn the traditional financing industry. Under the new e-commerce development situation, the relationship between online banks and third-party payment enterprises is both cooperation and competition.

  18. Establishment of Third-party Logistics Information Platform to Enhance the Competitiveness of the Logistics Industry in Tianjin%建立第三方物流信息平台提升天津市物流业竞争力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张博

    2013-01-01

    该文详细分析了我国和天津市物流信息化发展现状及存在的问题,重点论述了建立第三方物流信息平台的必要性,研究分析了第三方物流信息平台的特点和优势,以及对未来物流行业发展的促进作用,并且展望了第四方物流发展。%This paper analyzes the country and Tianjin logistics information technology development status and existing problems, focuses on the establishment of the necessity of third-party logistics information platform, research and analysis of third party lo-gistics information platform features and advantages, as well as for the future role in promoting the development of the logistics in-dustry, and the prospect of the fourth party logistics development.

  19. The Analysis of Logistics Financial Models in the Third Party Logistics Enterprises on the Basis of Supply Chain Integration%基于供应链优化的第三方物流企业物流金融模式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段晓鹏

    2012-01-01

    Logistics financial services is an innovative services of the third party logistics enterprises and the supply chain. The flourish of logistics financial solves the problem of capital raising of enterprises, reduces the cost of supply chain operation, increases the fund turnover of supply chain and reduces the operation risk. On the basis of supply integration, this paper explained and analyzed several main logistics financial models and it is hopeful to provide a few suggestions to the logistics financial operation of the third party logistics enterprises.%物流金融是第三方物流企业的创新服务之一,也是供应链的金融服务创新产品,其蓬勃发展解决了企业的融资难问题,降低了供应链的运作成本,提高了供应链的资金运作率,也给银行降低了运作风险。本文具体阐述和分析了几种主要的物流金融模式,希望能够在供应链一体化的基础上,给我国第三方物流企业的物流金融服务运作提供一点参考意见。

  20. Judgments about Judgments: The Dissociation of Consideration Price and Transaction Commitment Judgments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janiszewski, Chris; Lichtenstein, Donald R.; Belyavsky, Julia

    2008-01-01

    There are many contexts in which people make judgments about prior judgments. For example, Internet shopping bots (e.g., NexTag.com) allow consumers to search for products and, if the price is too high, list a price at which they would consider making the purchase (i.e., base judgment). If the price drops to this level, the vendor generates an…

  1. Clinical versus actuarial judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawes, R M; Faust, D; Meehl, P E

    1989-03-31

    Professionals are frequently consulted to diagnose and predict human behavior; optimal treatment and planning often hinge on the consultant's judgmental accuracy. The consultant may rely on one of two contrasting approaches to decision-making--the clinical and actuarial methods. Research comparing these two approaches shows the actuarial method to be superior. Factors underlying the greater accuracy of actuarial methods, sources of resistance to the scientific findings, and the benefits of increased reliance on actuarial approaches are discussed.

  2. 中小企业互联网融资中的信息不对称、融资约束与第三方鉴证%Asymmetric Information , Financial Constraints and the Effects of Third Party Verification and Evaluation in SMEs ' Internet Financing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷倩华

    2015-01-01

    SMEs pay an important role in economic growth, employment pressure, people's life and technological innovation and so on. But financing difficulties have long been bothering SMEs. The development of internet financing has reduced the financing constraints for SMEs, but the asymmetric information increases the SMEs' financing cost and financing amount. The third party verification and evaluating has not been introduced to solve the problem of asymmetric information in internet financing , and the literature has not discussed it. This paper discusses the asymmetric information situation in different internet financing, and third party verification and evaluation's effects on reducing asymmetric information. Finally , this paper proposes some related policies in establishing third party verification and evaluation system.%中小企业在保证我国经济适度增长、缓解就业压力、方便群众生活和推动技术创新等方面发挥着重要的作用,但融资难问题长期困扰着中小企业.互联网融资的发展减轻了中小企业的融资约束,但互联网融资中的信息不对称增加了中小企业的融资成本和融资额度.互联网融资实践中还没有引入第三方鉴证与评估来解决信息不对称问题,已有文献也并未对此进行探讨.本文阐述了不同的互联网融资模式中存在的信息不对称的状况和第三方鉴证与评估在减轻不同的互联网融资模式中的信息不对称的作用.最后,本文提出了在我国建立第三方鉴证与评估体系的相关建议.

  3. Disgust as Embodied Moral Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnall, Simone; Haidt, Jonathan; Clore, Gerald L.; Jordan, Alexander H.

    2008-01-01

    How, and for whom, does disgust influence moral judgment? In 4 experiments participants made moral judgments while experiencing extraneous feelings of disgust. Disgust was induced in Experiment 1 by exposure to a bad smell, in Experiment 2 by working in a disgusting room, in Experiment 3 by recalling a physically disgusting experience, and in Experiment 4 through a video induction. In each case, the results showed that disgust can increase the severity of moral judgments relative to controls. Experiment 4 found that disgust had a different effect on moral judgment than did sadness. In addition, Experiments 2-4 showed that the role of disgust in severity of moral judgments depends on participants’ sensitivity to their own bodily sensations. Taken together, these data indicate the importance - and specificity - of gut feelings in moral judgments. PMID:18505801

  4. 基于SNS的网络课程建设与实践-以“第三方电子商务平台”为例%Construction and practice of network course based on SNS:a case study of “third party e-commerce platform”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪红耀

    2016-01-01

    笔者以“第三方电子商务平台”课程为例,分别从网络课程建设理念、设计与制作、发布与使用、效果评价以及应用思考等几个方面介绍了网络课程建设与实践经验,以期与同行进行有效交流,充分发挥网络课程作用。%Taking the“third party e-commerce platform”as an example, from the concept of network course construction, design and production, distribution and use, several aspects of the effect evaluation and application of thinking,the author introduced the construction and practice experience of network course, to communicate effectively with counterparts, and give full play to the network course.

  5. Direct claims of third parties on participants in an upstream joint venture. A few significant differences between the Netherlands, England and the USA; Directe aanspraken van derden op de deelnemers in een upstream joint venture. Enkele significante verschillen tussen Nederland, Engeland en de Verenigde Staten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Otterbeek, D.M.J.M. [Upstream International Commercial/NBD, Shell International, Den Haag (Netherlands); Joosten, J.J.H. [Hughes and Hubbard and Reed LLP, New York (United States)

    2011-08-15

    This article compares the civil liability of non operators in an upstream joint venture towards third parties in the Netherlands, England and the United States, based on either an agreement or on an unlawful action. A contemporary example of a situation in which this issue occurs is the Macondo/Deepwater Horizon incident. The conclusion is that the outlines of Dutch law and American law can lead to similar results, whereas English law deviates significantly. [Dutch] Dit artikel vergelijkt de civielrechtelijke aansprakelijkheid van non-operators in een upstream joint venture jegens derden in Nederland, Engeland en de Verenigde Staten op grond van hetzij een overeenkomst hetzij een onrechtmatige daad. Een actueel voorbeeld van een situatie waarin deze vraag zich voordoet is het Macondo/Deepwater Horizon incident. De conclusie luidt dat Nederlands recht en Amerikaans recht in grote lijnen tot vergelijkbare uitkomsten kunnen leiden, terwijl Engels recht daar significant van afwijkt.

  6. Clinical judgment and decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garb, Howard N

    2005-01-01

    When clinical psychologists make judgments, are they likely to be correct or incorrect? The following topics are reviewed: (a) methodological advances in evaluating the validity of descriptions of personality and psychopathology, (b) recent findings on the cognitive processes of clinicians, and (c) the validity of judgments and utility of decisions made by mental health professionals. Results from research on clinical judgment and decision making and their relationship to conflicts within the field of clinical psychology are discussed.

  7. Predication and judgment in Aquinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raul Landim Filho

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, I present an interpretation of Thomas Aquinas's theory of judgment (statement, examining semantic, epistemological and ontological aspects of this theory. Elements of judgment such as concepts, phantasms, predication (combination and division, reflection, affirmation, truth and falsity are explained. The article shows that this interpretation of Aquinas's theory of judgment may contribute to clarify fundamental distinctions (such as the distinctions between being, essence and existence of Aquinas's metaphysics.

  8. Study on Third Party Joint Distribution and Cost Amortization in Farmer-supermarket Docking%基于“农超对接”的第三方共同配送模式及成本分摊问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶; 贾琪; 杨浩雄

    2013-01-01

    提出了基于“农超对接”的第三方共同配送模式,然后考虑两家连锁超市实行第三方共同配送的成本降低问题,并将成本降低额视为配送收益,通过Rubinstein讨价还价模型对配送收益进行了有效分配,间接地解决了共同配送的成本分摊问题.通过示例分析,第三方共同配送模式可以在很大程度上降低“农超对接”的配送成本,最后对配送成本进行了分摊,验证了这种成本分摊方法的有效性和可行性.%In this paper,we proposed the third party joint distribution mode in farmer-supermarket docking,then considered the cost reduction of two chain supermarkets practicing third party joint distribution and taking the reduced cost as distribution benefit and used the Rubinstein bargain model to allocated effectively the overall distribution benefit,thus indirectly solving the cost amortization problem in joint distribution.At the end,through a case demonstration,we showed that the joint distribution model could reduce the distribution cost in farmer-supermarket docking to a great extent and that the cost amortization mothed was feasible and effective.

  9. The TDABC Logistics Cost Computation System of the Third Party Logistics Enterprise: A Case Study of TianShui Logistics Company%第三方物流企业TDABC物流成本核算体系——基于天水物流公司的案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海潮; 王磊

    2012-01-01

    Logistics cost is the core competitive advantage of the third party logistics enterprise.Innovation of the computation system is critical to the management improvement. The time-driv- en activity-based costing (TDABC) is suitable to the third party logistics enterprise and needs systematic study. Based on the operations of Tianshui logistics Company and the problems of ac- tivity-based costing(ABC) application, the TDABC logistics computation system is designed and the model is set up. A conclusion is reached that the new model is able to describe the logistics cost and the resultant production capability cost.%物流成本是第三方物流企业的核心竞争优势,其核算方法创新是管理提升的关键。时间驱动作业成本法(TDABC)对第三方物流企业有较好的适用性,但目前缺乏系统研究。以天水物流公司为例,针对作业成本核算法(ABC)面临的问题,设计TDABC物流成本核算体系,并构建物流成本核算模型。研究表明,此体系及模型能准确反映服务的物流成本,更能显示闲置生产能力成本。

  10. CONSIDERACIONES EN TORNO AL POSIBLE CARÁCTER MERCANTIL DE LAS SOCIEDADES COOPERATIVAS Y ACERCA DE LAS LIMITACIONES A LA REALIZACIÓN DE OPERACIONES CON TERCEROS NO SOCIOS DE ESTAS ENTIDADES / COOPERATIVES: COMMERCIAL AND TRANSACTIONS WITH THIRD PARTIES. A COMMENTARY.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís CARRERAS ROIG

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se hace referencia a la posible consideración de las sociedades cooperativas como sociedades mercantiles, cumpliéndose determinadas circunstancias, y ello sin pérdida de sus características específicas en cuanto a la toma de decisiones, el reparto de beneficios y la búsqueda de la satisfacción de fines de interés general. Asimismo, se analizan las consecuencias de aumentar el porcentaje de operaciones realizadas con terceros no socios, respecto del total de operaciones realizadas por la sociedad cooperativa, y su incidencia en la cuantía de los fondos de la cooperativa y en la retribución del socio cooperativista. Se realiza en este punto una comparación con las sociedades capitalistas convencionales (S.A., S.L.. Finalmente, se propone una reforma legislativa al objeto de permitir aumentar el porcentaje de realización de operaciones cooperativizadas con terceros no socios, y ello sin pérdida de su tratamiento fiscal favorable. / This paper refers to the possible consideration of cooperative societies as a commercial companies, fulfilling certain circumstances and without loss of its specific characteristics in terms of decision-making, benefit sharing and the search for satisfaction general interest. We also analyze the effect of increasing the percentage of transactions with third parties in respect of all transactions undertaken by the cooperative, and its impact on the amount of the funds of the cooperative and the pay of a collaborator. Is done at this point a comparison with conventional capitalist societies (S.A, S.L.. Finally, we propose a legislative reform in order to allow and increase in the percentage of completion of transactions with third parties in cooperatives, and without loss of favourable tax treatment.

  11. Associative processes in intuitive judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morewedge, Carey K; Kahneman, Daniel

    2010-10-01

    Dual-system models of reasoning attribute errors of judgment to two failures: the automatic operations of a 'System 1' generate a faulty intuition, which the controlled operations of a 'System 2' fail to detect and correct. We identify System 1 with the automatic operations of associative memory and draw on research in the priming paradigm to describe how it operates. We explain how three features of associative memory--associative coherence, attribute substitution and processing fluency--give rise to major biases of intuitive judgment. Our article highlights both the ability of System 1 to create complex and skilled judgments and the role of the system as a source of judgment errors.

  12. Practices Surrounding Event Photos

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vyas, Dhaval; Nijholt, Antinus; van der Veer, Gerrit C.; Kotzé, P.; Marsden, G.; Lindgaard, G.; Wesson, J.; Winckler, M.

    Sharing photos through mobile devices has a great potential for creating shared experiences of social events between co-located as well as remote participants. In order to design novel event sharing tools, we need to develop indepth understanding of current practices surrounding these so called

  13. Improving moral judgments: philosophical considerations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kalis, A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304823244

    2010-01-01

    In contemporary moral psychology, an often-heard claim is that knowing how we make moral judgments can help us make better moral judgments. Discussions about moral development and improvement are often framed in terms of the question of which mental processes have a better chance of leading to good

  14. Modeling Rehabilitation Counselor Clinical Judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohmer, Douglas C.; Leierer, Stephen J.

    2000-01-01

    Evaluate three proposed models of the rehabilitation counselor judgment process. Counselors made multiple judgments about clients whose information systematically varied across three dimensions. These data were then analyzed using path analytic techniques to determine which of the models was the best description of the process rehabilitation…

  15. Moral judgment in episodic amnesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craver, Carl F; Keven, Nazim; Kwan, Donna; Kurczek, Jake; Duff, Melissa C; Rosenbaum, R Shayna

    2016-08-01

    To investigate the role of episodic thought about the past and future in moral judgment, we administered a well-established moral judgment battery to individuals with hippocampal damage and deficits in episodic thought (insert Greene et al. 2001). Healthy controls select deontological answers in high-conflict moral scenarios more frequently when they vividly imagine themselves in the scenarios than when they imagine scenarios abstractly, at some personal remove. If this bias is mediated by episodic thought, individuals with deficits in episodic thought should not exhibit this effect. We report that individuals with deficits in episodic memory and future thought make moral judgments and exhibit the biasing effect of vivid, personal imaginings on moral judgment. These results strongly suggest that the biasing effect of vivid personal imagining on moral judgment is not due to episodic thought about the past and future. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. Influence of Online Retail Service Quality on Consumer's Risk Perception --The Moderated Effect of Third Party Logistics' Priming Information%网络零售企业服务质量对消费者感知风险的影响——第三方物流启动信息的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何其帼; 廖文欣

    2012-01-01

    本研究通过实验检验了网络购物环境下,网络零售企业服务质量负向影响消费者。感知风险,以及网络零售企业服务质量和第三方物流启动信息交互影响消费者感知风险所呈现出的规律:对于服务质量高的网络零售企业,第三方物流正启动信息进一步降低消费者感知风险效果有限,第三方物流负启动信息则会显著提高消费者感知风险;而对于服务质量低的网络零售企业,第三方物流正启动信息降低消费者感知风险效果明显,第三方物流负启动信息进一步提高消费者感知风险则不显著。%In recent years, with the quick progress in Internet and the boom of E-Commerce, more and more internet users in China are accustomed to online shopping, which spawned a large number of online retail businesses. According to the existing researches, perceived risk is the main reason for restricting consumers' online shopping. Therefore, for the online retail enterprises among who the competition is growing homogeneous, improving the quality of service will reduce consumers' perceived risk and thus be an effective way to promote online shopping. However, previous researches rarely focused on the relationship between perceived risk and the quality of service in network environment. Besides, further researches showed that as the competition among online retailers grew homogeneous, the level of logistics distribution became an important factor that affected the competitiveness of online retail businesses while the concerns about logistical issues became one of the main factors that held back online shopping as well. For now, most of the domestic online retail enterprises outsource logistics distribution, which is their non-core business, to third-party logistics (TPL) companies and form strategic alliance with them. However, there are numerous thirdparty logistics companies that vary in service quality. The positive and

  17. Analysis on the Role of the Third Party Logistics in the Supply Chain Information Management Platform:Based on Customer Relationship Management%第三方物流在供应链信息管理平台的作用分析 ——基于客户关系管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱国俊

    2016-01-01

    In a production supply chain, companies get together to product the same terminal products or services, so that they have a supply chain partnership between them, which strengthens the benign interaction of manufacturing activity and sales among businesses, reduces the unnecessary loss due to information asymmetry. Logistics is an essential part of the supply chain, and has the effect that cannot ignore for the entire chain cost control. Third-party logistics company, mastering the information resources about logistics supply and demand, implements the integration of logistics information for logistics supply and plays an important role for satisfying the demands from both sides of the communication and realizing the achievement of good logistics project. It is the premise and foundation of the third party logistics company's business development to master the customer information and deal with customer relations.%在一种产品生产的供应链中,相关企业围绕同一终端产品或服务,相互达成供应链合作伙伴关系,加强了企业之间生产、销售的良性互动,减少了由于信息不对称而产生的成本开支.物流是供应链中极为关键的一环,对于整个链条成本的缩减有着不可忽视的作用.第三方物流公司掌握了物流供需双方客户的信息资源,实现了物流信息的整合,对于物流供需双方的沟通交流和良好物流方案的实现有着重要的作用.客户信息的掌握和客户关系的处理是第三方物流公司经营发展的前提和基础.

  18. Review on the Liability for Failure to Perform Duty of Safety Protection---Analysis of Categories of Liabilities in Case of the Third Party Involved%安全保障义务责任的断裂与缝合--第三人介入情形的责任类型分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晶晶

    2014-01-01

    《侵权责任法》明确了安全保障义务的侵权法地位,并确立了第三人介入情形下安全保障义务人的补充责任。补充责任将安全保障义务人置于赔偿次位具有其独特的含义,但其也存在与侵权法原理、两大法系及司法操作的不协调。《合同法》安全保障义务人违约责任的直接责任性质进一步凸显了安全保障义务人补充责任的突兀,但两者也有诸多衔接的可能性。废除补充责任是可能的选项之一。在目前立法背景下,类型化第三人介入情形下违反安全保障义务时义务人的责任,实现违约责任与侵权责任的同时请求;或者是通过对安全保障义务补充责任的再解释,弥合两者之间的裂缝,亦是可行的方法。%In accordance with the Tort Law , the duty of safety protection is specified and where a third party is involved as tortfeasor ,the duty-holder of safety protection should assume the corresponding comple-mentary liability .Such complementary liability has its distinct effects though it is incompatible with tort law principles in the common law system and the continental law system as well as judicial practice .Since the Con-tract Law has imposed a direct Liability for breach of contract on duty -holders of safety protection , which makes the complementary tortious liability more awkward .But there are possible ways to coordinate these two liabilities and one of alternatives is to abolish the complementary liability ,Considering the current legislation ,it is suggested to categorize the liabilities of duty -holders of safety protection in case of the third party ’ s in-volvement in the tortfeasance ,so that the tortious liability and liability for breach of contract can be claimed simultaneously .Or the complementary liability for failure to perform duty of safety protection should be reinter-preted so as to coordinate the tortious liability and liability for breach of contract .

  19. Cloze, Maze, and Teacher Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pikulski, John J.; Pikulski, Edna C.

    1977-01-01

    When cloze and maze scores are compared with teacher judgment in establishing the independent, instructional, and fustration levels of students, both techniques tend to overestimate a child's ability. (HOD)

  20. Structural flexibility of moral judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krebs, D L; Denton, K L; Vermeulen, S C; Carpendale, J I; Bush, A

    1991-12-01

    One of the central assumptions of Kohlberg's theory of moral development--that moral judgment is organized in structures of the whole--was examined. Thirty men and 30 women were given 2 dilemmas from Kohlberg's Moral Judgment Interview, a 3rd involving prosocial behavior, and a 4th involving impaired driving. Half the Ss responded to the prosocial and impaired-driving dilemmas from the perspective of a hypothetical character, and half responded from the perspective of the self. No sex or perspective differences in moral maturity were observed. Ss scored highest in moral maturity on Kohlberg's dilemmas, intermediate on the prosocial dilemma, and lowest on the impaired-driving dilemma. In partial support of Kohlberg's contention that his test assesses moral competence, there was a negative linear relationship between scores on his test and the proportion of Stage 2 judgments on the 2 other dilemmas. An interactional model of moral judgment is advanced.

  1. Contract Breach of Third Party and Legal Liability Definition of Travel Agency: Taking Flight Delay as an Example%第三人违约与旅行社法律责任界定:以航班延误为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴波

    2012-01-01

    随着我国进入大众旅游时代,因第三人违约导致旅行社违约的旅游纠纷日益增多,其中航班延误导致旅行社违约的情形最为突出。由于我国目前法律法规中对航班延误赔偿的有关规定不完善,致使旅行社陷入法律困境。为明确界定旅行社的法律责任,本文提出了修订《航空法》、细化航班延误补偿标准、增加旅游合同为有名合同的解决途径。%Along with China's entering into the era of mass tourism, the number of travel disputes increases because of travel agencies contract breach which is further caused by third party contract breach, among which flight delay accounts for the largest proportion. Because of the incompleteness of indemnity clause, Chinese travel agencies are facing a legal dilemma. To clearly define the legal liabilities of travel agencies, the author proposed a solution to revise Aviation Law, refining indemnity clause caused by flight delay, and adding travel contract as named contract in this dissertation.

  2. Research on Judgment Aggregation Based on Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Dai

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Preference aggregation and judgment aggregation are two basic research models of group decision making. And preference aggregation has been deeply studied in social choice theory. However, researches of social choice theory gradually focus on judgment aggregation which appears recently. Judgment aggregation focuses on how to aggregate many consistent logical formulas into one, from the perspective of logic. We try to start with judgment aggregation model based on logic and then explore different solutions to problem of judgment aggregation.

  3. Mobile Platform: The third-party developers' perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Dao, Trang

    2013-01-01

    Android and iOS is the two leading platforms in the mobile application market. Which platform is the better choice for an app developer to design apps for is not an easy question to answer. Therefore, to help answer this question, I have conducted 17 in-depth interviews with app developers who have made apps for Android or iOS or both platforms, as a way to gain to insight in their perspective. Some developers prefer iOS whereas the others prefer Android and for different reasons. Each platfo...

  4. Priming Third-Party Ostracism Increases Affiliative Imitation in Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Over, Harriet; Carpenter, Malinda

    2009-01-01

    Human beings are intensely social creatures and, as such, devote significant time and energy to creating and maintaining affiliative bonds with group members. Nevertheless, social relations sometimes collapse and individuals experience exclusion from the group. Fortunately for adults, they are able to use behavioral strategies such as mimicry to…

  5. 22 CFR 505.10 - Disclosure to third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... your prior consent, except as provided for in the following paragraphs: (a) Medical records. May be disclosed to a doctor or other medical practitioner, named by you, as prescribed in Sec. 505.6. (b... to the National Archives. For the preservation of records of historical value, according to 44...

  6. Misconduct in third-party assisted reproduction: a committee opinion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Physicians who are told or discover information that would be material to another party's participation in an assisted reproductive technology (ART) arrangement (such as lawyer's, donor's, gestational carrier's, or intended parent's) should encourage disclosure to that party. In some instances, it is ethically and legally permissive for the physician to either disclose material information to an affected party or to transfer care of a patient to another willing provider. In all cases involving the legal status or rights of the parties, referral to legal professionals is advised.

  7. Third Party Risk Assessment Tool (3PRAT) User Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-26

    2 Lethal Crash Area – LCA Tab...Program includes five modules; Casualty Expectation, Probability of Loss of Aircraft (PLoA), Potential Crash Location, Lethal Crash Area ( LCA ), and...hypothetical UAS example, the fixed wing “Robin” is provided to assist in the comprehension of the LCA portion of the tool. Specifications for the Robin are

  8. 42 CFR 433.138 - Identifying liable third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... an alternate source of information that furnishes information as timely, complete and useful as the... State law) to provide for obtaining— (i) From State Workers' Compensation or Industrial Accident... recipients that contain diagnosis codes 800 through 999 International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision...

  9. 26 CFR 301.6110-4 - Communications from third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... concluded that an impropriety occurred or undue influence was exercised with respect to such written..., from the Department of Justice with respect to any pending civil or criminal case or investigation, or...

  10. The Application used RFID in Third Party Logistics*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mingxiu, Zheng; Chunchang, Fu; Minggen, Yang

    RFID is a non-contact automatic identification technology, which will be the future information storage extraction and processing technology. In recent years the mainstream of the large-scale development has manifested the situation. RFID is the key technology of tripartite logistics information and automation. RFID-based logistics system can enlarge the logistics operation capacity, and improve labor productivity to reduce logistics operations mistakes.

  11. Torts Liability for Strike Action and Third Party Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raday, Frances

    1979-01-01

    Studies the nature of the torts liability incurred in strikes and the extent of existing immunities bestowed on strikers and their organizers, and explores the principles that should govern liability and immunity. Available from Israel Law Review Association, c/o Faculty of Law, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, P.O.B. 24100, Jerusalem…

  12. Cognitive Bargaining Model: An Analysis Tool for Third Party Incentives?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    A. MIXING APPLES AND ORANGES?.........................................................20 B. MODEL CONSTRUCTION...international community for years to come. From the foundational research /writing and comparative politics instruction from Professor Lawson to a...N. Haass and Meghan L. O’Sullivan, Honey and Vinegar (Brookings Institute Press: Washington, D.C., 2000), 162. 7 (economic or strategically) also

  13. Here to Help: Third Party Deterrence Against Insurgent Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-22

    Often, religion, ethnicity, gender , or color provide readily compelling narratives to foster discrimination and violence among disparate people in...my research focus. vi Acronyms BRICS Brazil, Russia, India , China, and South Africa COIN Counterinsurgency CWMD...Network, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, (2008), 8. 2 large-scale violence against a friendly government and its population

  14. Torts Liability for Strike Action and Third Party Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raday, Frances

    1979-01-01

    Studies the nature of the torts liability incurred in strikes and the extent of existing immunities bestowed on strikers and their organizers, and explores the principles that should govern liability and immunity. Available from Israel Law Review Association, c/o Faculty of Law, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, P.O.B. 24100, Jerusalem…

  15. A Positive Analysis for BPR of the Third Party Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Facing the opportunities and challenges of China's en try into WTO, logistics enterprises take BPR as an important way to improve the core competence.But modern logistics is a systematic engineering and its require ments are the standardization and normalization for enhancing the Chinese enterp rises' level of logistic activities.This paper reveal the importance of manageme nt technique,information technique and business model in enterprise's BPR throug h the positive analysis for business process of th...

  16. Segmentasi Pasar Penyedia Jasa Logistik (Third Party Logistics di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darjat Sudrajat

    2012-10-01

    be found in conformities relating to the logistics industry from several companies, ie appropriateness to the complexity of logistics activities of some companies and degree of investment of TPL services company in conducting the activity. Logistics service provider market segmentation can be based on variable complexity of logistics activities, whether it is high, medium or low and variable degrees of investment in the company whether minor, major, or integrated/total. Companies in different industries can have the same logistic service requirements and companies in the same industry can have different logistic service requirements. Client companies for logistics service providers which product handling are classified as semi-complex is the most attractive customer segments for being penetrated. The industries are classified into this segment is automotive, food and beverage, animal food, ceramic, and plantation.

  17. 19 CFR 163.8 - Third-party recordkeeper summons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... served on the person, or on any officer or employee of the person, with respect to whose liability for... intimidation, bribery, or collusion; or (iii) To flee to avoid prosecution, testifying, or production...

  18. Integration between manufacturers and third party logistics providers?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Ole; Lemoine, Olga W.

    2008-01-01

    information and communications technology (ICT) tools are used for support, and what types of services are supplied and are expected to be supplied by TPL providers in the future. Design/methodology/approach - A multiple case study of seven manufacturers and TPL providers is conducted. As the basis...... of the eight business processes studied. Further integration in the same processes is expected, based on ICT tools and with a focus on cost. ICT competences are primarily seen as a qualifier not a differentiator. Because the future TPL industry is expected to be characterised by more standardised services......, more segmented markets for the various services and more intense competition, the manufacturers do not expect increased dependence on the TPL providers. Research limitations/implications - Managerial and behavioural components are not part of this study and their effect on integration will require...

  19. Dispute Resolution through Third Party Mediation: Malaysia and Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asri Salleh

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Since independence, Malaysia has been involved in territorial disputes and overlapping maritime claims with almost all its neighbours. Some of these disputes were resolved through bilateral and multilateral treaties. However, Malaysia and Indonesia settled the dispute over Sipadan-Ligitan islands by referring the issue to the International Court of Justice (ICJ. This high sense of civility shown by the two countries need to be analysed and appreciated. Documentary analysis shows that the consideration of the geopolitical conditions, the state of bilateral relations the disputing countries were enjoying, security problems, the lack of progress in settling disputes through the bilateral efforts and the weaknesses inherent in ASEAN’s dispute settlement mechanism made the two parties to refer their dispute to the ICJ rather than to the ASEAN High Council (AHC. The ICJ’s decision, delivered in 2002, was accepted by the two parties as stipulated in the referral agreement.

  20. 26 CFR 301.7602-2 - Third party contacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... fiduciaries of any entity who are acting within the scope of their employment or relationship, it is... implementing regulations. No inference about the employment or contractual relationship of such other persons..., libraries, or any other real or virtual site; or (C) A current employee, officer, or fiduciary of a taxpayer...