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Sample records for surgically resected patients

  1. Comparison of surgical resection and transarterial chemoembolization for patients with intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma

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    Chih-Lin Lin

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions: Our results indicated that surgical resection provided superior survival benefit than TACE to patients with intermediate-stage HCC. This is in part attributable to advances in liver surgery which make the resection of intermediate-stage HCC possible. Surgical resection should be considered first for patients with preserved liver function.

  2. Clinicopathological Features of Cervical Esophageal Cancer: Retrospective Analysis of 63 Consecutive Patients Who Underwent Surgical Resection.

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    Saeki, Hiroshi; Tsutsumi, Satoshi; Yukaya, Takafumi; Tajiri, Hirotada; Tsutsumi, Ryosuke; Nishimura, Sho; Nakaji, Yu; Kudou, Kensuke; Akiyama, Shingo; Kasagi, Yuta; Nakashima, Yuichiro; Sugiyama, Masahiko; Sonoda, Hideto; Ohgaki, Kippei; Oki, Eiji; Yasumatsu, Ryuji; Nakashima, Torahiko; Morita, Masaru; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2017-01-01

    The objectives of this retrospective study were to elucidate the clinicopathological features and recent surgical results of cervical esophageal cancer. Cervical esophageal cancer has been reported to have a dismal prognosis. Accurate knowledge of the clinical characteristics of cervical esophageal cancer is warranted to establish appropriate therapeutic strategies. The clinicopathological features and treatment results of 63 consecutive patients with cervical esophageal cancer (Ce group) who underwent surgical resection from 1980 to 2013 were analyzed and compared with 977 patients with thoracic or abdominal esophageal cancer (T/A group) who underwent surgical resection during that time. Among the patients who received curative resection, the 5-year overall and disease-specific survival rates of the Ce patients were significantly better than those of the T/A patients (overall: 77.3% vs 46.5%, respectively, P = 0.0067; disease-specific: 81.9% vs 55.8%, respectively, P = 0.0135). Although total pharyngo-laryngo-esophagectomy procedures were less frequently performed in the recent period, the rate of curative surgical procedures was markedly higher in the recent period (2000-1013) than that in the early period (1980-1999) (44.4% vs 88.9%, P = 0.0001). The 5-year overall survival rate in the recent period (71.5%) was significantly better than that in the early period (40.7%, P = 0.0342). Curative resection for cervical esophageal cancer contributes to favorable outcomes compared with other esophageal cancers. Recent surgical results for cervical esophageal cancer have improved, and include an increased rate of curative resection and decreased rate of extensive surgery.

  3. Identifying the association between contrast enhancement pattern, surgical resection, and prognosis in anaplastic glioma patients

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    Wang, Yinyan; Jiang, Tao [Capital Medical University, Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Beijing (China); Capital Medical University, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Beijing (China); Wang, Kai; Li, Shaowu; Ma, Jun [Capital Medical University, Department of Neuroradiology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Beijing (China); Wang, Jiangfei [Capital Medical University, Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Beijing (China); Dai, Jianping [Capital Medical University, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Beijing (China); Capital Medical University, Department of Neuroradiology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Beijing (China)

    2016-04-15

    Contrast enhancement observable on magnetic resonance (MR) images reflects the destructive features of malignant gliomas. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between radiologic patterns of tumor enhancement, extent of resection, and prognosis in patients with anaplastic gliomas (AGs). Clinical data from 268 patients with histologically confirmed AGs were retrospectively analyzed. Contrast enhancement patterns were classified based on preoperative T1-contrast MR images. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the prognostic value of MR enhancement patterns on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). The pattern of tumor contrast enhancement was associated with the extent of surgical resection in AGs. A gross total resection was more likely to be achieved for AGs with focal enhancement than those with diffuse (p = 0.001) or ring-like (p = 0.024) enhancement. Additionally, patients with focal-enhanced AGs had a significantly longer PFS and OS than those with diffuse (log-rank, p = 0.025 and p = 0.031, respectively) or ring-like (log-rank, p = 0.008 and p = 0.011, respectively) enhanced AGs. Furthermore, multivariate analysis identified the pattern of tumor enhancement as a significant predictor of PFS (p = 0.016, hazard ratio [HR] = 1.485) and OS (p = 0.030, HR = 1.446). Our results suggested that the contrast enhancement pattern on preoperative MR images was associated with the extent of resection and predictive of survival outcomes in AG patients. (orig.)

  4. Nutritional Status and Body Composition of Adult Patients with Brain Tumours Awaiting Surgical Resection.

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    McCall, Michele; Leone, Ashley; Cusimano, Michael D

    2014-09-01

    To measure the prevalence of malnutrition, risk factors for poor dietary intake and body composition in patients with brain tumours admitted to hospital for surgical resection. In this study, 316 patients admitted for brain tumour resection to the Neurosurgical service at St. Michael's Hospital were screened. Assessment tools included the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) for nutritional status and Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) for body composition. All measurements were performed by one research dietitian. Information regarding medical history, symptomology, and tumour pathology was recorded. One hundred and nine participants were recruited. Malnutrition was present in 17.6% of patients, of whom 94.7% were moderately malnourished (SGA-B) and 5.3% severely malnourished (SGA-C). Key symptoms contributing to malnutrition included weight loss, nausea, vomiting, dysphagia, headaches, and fatigue. Patients with malignant tumors were more likely to have weight loss and lower fat mass. This study demonstrated that patients admitted for brain tumour resection have a low prevalence of malnutrition compared with other cancer populations. Useful parameters for nutritional screening of inpatient admissions include weight loss >5% of usual weight, nausea, vomiting, dysphagia, and headaches.

  5. Impact of medical therapy on patients with Crohn’s disease requiring surgical resection

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    Fu, YT Nancy; Hong, Thomas; Round, Andrew; Bressler, Brian

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the impact of medical therapy on Crohn’s disease patients undergoing their first surgical resection. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated all patients with Crohn’s disease undergoing their first surgical resection between years 1995 to 2000 and 2005 to 2010 at a tertiary academic hospital (St. Paul’s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada). Patients were identified from hospital administrative database using the International Classification of Diseases 9 codes. Patients’ hospital and available outpatient clinic records were independently reviewed and pertinent data were extracted. We explored relationships among time from disease diagnosis to surgery, patient phenotypes, medication usage, length of small bowel resected, surgical complications, and duration of hospital stay. RESULTS: Total of 199 patients were included; 85 from years 1995 to 2000 (cohort A) and 114 from years 2005 to 2010 (cohort B). Compared to cohort A, cohort B had more patients on immunomodulators (cohort A vs cohort B: 21.4% vs 56.1%, P < 0.0001) and less patients on 5-aminosalysilic acid (53.6% vs 29.8%, P = 0.001). There was a shift from inflammatory to stricturing and penetrating phenotypes (B1/B2/B3 38.8% vs 12.3%, 31.8% vs 45.6%, 29.4% vs 42.1%, P < 0.0001). Both groups had similar median time to surgery. Within cohort B, 38 patients (33.3%) received anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agent. No patient in cohort A was exposed to anti-TNF agent. Compared to patients not on anti-TNF agent, ones exposed were younger at diagnosis (anti-TNF vs without anti-TNF: A1/A2/A3 39.5% vs 11.8%, 50% vs 73.7%, 10.5% vs 14.5%, P = 0.003) and had longer median time to surgery (90 mo vs 48 mo, P = 0.02). Combination therapy further extended median time to surgery. Using time-dependent multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, patients who were treated with anti-TNF agents had a significantly higher risk to surgery (adjusted hazard ratio 3.57, 95%CI: 1.98-6.44, P < 0.0001) compared to those

  6. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy for patients with postoperative recurrence of surgically resected non-small-cell lung cancer.

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    Takenaka, Tomoyoshi; Takenoyama, Mitsuhiro; Toyozawa, Ryo; Inamasu, Eiko; Yoshida, Tsukihisa; Toyokawa, Gouji; Shiraishi, Yoshimasa; Hirai, Fumihiko; Yamaguchi, Masafumi; Seto, Takashi; Ichinose, Yukito

    2015-01-01

    A few reports have evaluated the outcomes of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for patients with postoperative recurrence of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). From 2000 through 2011, 1237 consecutive patients with NSCLC underwent pulmonary resection at our institution. Of those, 280 patients had experienced postoperative recurrence by the end of 2012. Thirty-five patients received concurrent CRT as initial treatment of the recurrent disease. We retrospectively reviewed these cases, analyzed the outcomes of concurrent CRT after surgical resection, and examined the factors that predict long-term postrecurrence survival. The most common sites of recurrence in this cohort were the lymph nodes in 24 patients, followed by the lung in 5 patients and bone in 6 patients. The median radiation dose given as the initial treatment of recurrence was 60 Gy (range, 30-60 Gy). Chemotherapy included a platinum agent in all cases; cisplatin-based chemotherapy was administered in 23 cases, and a carboplatin-based chemotherapy regimen was administered in 12. The median progression-free and postrecurrence survival after CRT was 13 months (range, 4-127 months) and 31 months (range, 5-127 months), respectively. Seven patients were still alive without evidence of disease for > 3 years after the recurrence diagnosis. The ECOG performance status (PS), surgical procedure, and types of platinum agents used were independent prognostic factors for postrecurrence survival. Concurrent CRT for recurrent NSCLC is a promising therapy for selected patients. A poor PS and postpneumonectomy state were poor prognostic factors for patients who received concurrent CRT. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Preoperative Platelet Count Associates with Survival and Distant Metastasis in Surgically Resected Colorectal Cancer Patients

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    Wan, Shaogui; Lai, Yinzhi; Myers, Ronald E.; Li, Bingshan; Hyslop, Terry; London, Jack; Chatterjee, Devjani; Palazzo, Juan P.; Burkart, Ashlie L.; Zhang, Kejin; Xing, Jinliang

    2013-01-01

    Objective Platelets have been implicated in cancer metastasis and prognosis. No population-based study has been reported as to whether preoperative platelet count directly predicts metastatic recurrence of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Design Using a well-characterized cohort of 1,513 surgically resected CRC patients, we assessed the predictive roles of preoperative platelet count in overall survival, overall recurrence, as well as locoregional and distant metastatic recurrences. Results Patients with clinically high platelet count (≥400× 109/L) measured within 1 month before surgery had a significantly unfavorable survival (hazard ratio [HR]=1.66, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.34–2.05, P=2.6×10−6, Plog rank= 1.1×10−11) and recurrence (HR=1.90, 1.24–2.93, P=0.003, Plog rank=0.003). The association of platelet count with recurrence was evident only in patients with metastatic (HR=2.81, 1.67–4.74, P=1.1×10−4, Plog rank =2.6×10−6) but not locoregional recurrence (HR=0.59, 95 % CI 0.21–1.68, P= 0.325, Plog rank=0.152). The findings were internally validated through bootstrap resampling (P<0.01 at 98.6 % of resampling). Consistently, platelet count was significantly higher in deceased than living patients (P<0.0001) and in patients with metastatic recurrence than locoregional (P= 0.004) or nonrecurrent patients (P<0.0001). Time-dependent modeling indicated that the increased risks for death and metastasis associated with elevated preoperative platelet counts persisted up to 5 years after surgery. Conclusion Our data demonstrated that clinically high level of preoperative platelets was an independent predictor of CRC survival and metastasis. As an important component of the routinely tested complete blood count panel, platelet count may be a cost-effective and noninvasive marker for CRC prognosis and a potential intervention target to prevent metastatic recurrence. PMID:23549858

  8. Surgical resection of a giant cardiac fibroma.

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    Stamp, Nikki L; Larbalestier, Robert I

    2016-05-01

    A 42-year-old woman presented to a regional hospital emergency room with palpitations and was found to be in ventricular tachycardia. Chest radiography demonstrated a massively enlarged cardiac silhouette. Echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a mass within the left ventricular free wall, consistent with a cardiac fibroma. The patient proceeded to have surgical resection of the mass. Left ventricular function was preserved postoperatively.

  9. Adjuvant Radiation Therapy Improves Local Control After Surgical Resection in Patients With Localized Adrenocortical Carcinoma

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    Sabolch, Aaron [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Hospital and Health Systems, Ann Arbor, Mchigan (United States); Else, Tobias [Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Hospital and Health Systems, Ann Arbor, Mchigan (United States); Griffith, Kent A. [Center for Cancer Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mchigan (United States); Ben-Josef, Edgar [Department of Radiation Oncology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Williams, Andrew [University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Mchigan (United States); Miller, Barbra S. [Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of General Surgery, University of Michigan Hospital and Health Systems, Ann Arbor, Mchigan (United States); Worden, Francis [Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Hospital and Health Systems, Ann Arbor, Mchigan (United States); Hammer, Gary D. [Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Hospital and Health Systems, Ann Arbor, Mchigan (United States); Jolly, Shruti, E-mail: shrutij@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Hospital and Health Systems, Ann Arbor, Mchigan (United States)

    2015-06-01

    Purpose: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignancy known for high rates of local recurrence, though the benefit of postoperative radiation therapy (RT) has not been established. In this study of grossly resected ACC, we compare local control of patients treated with surgery followed by adjuvant RT to a matched cohort treated with surgery alone. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively identified patients with localized disease who underwent R0 or R1 resection followed by adjuvant RT. Only patients treated with RT at our institution were included. Matching to surgical controls was on the basis of stage, surgical margin status, tumor grade, and adjuvant mitotane. Results: From 1991 to 2011, 360 ACC patients were evaluated for ACC at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, MI). Twenty patients with localized disease received postoperative adjuvant RT. These were matched to 20 controls. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups with regard to stage, margins, grade, or mitotane. Median RT dose was 55 Gy (range, 45-60 Gy). Median follow-up was 34 months. Local recurrence occurred in 1 patient treated with RT, compared with 12 patients not treated with RT (P=.0005; hazard ratio [HR] 12.59; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.62-97.88). However, recurrence-free survival was no different between the groups (P=.17; HR 1.52; 95% CI 0.67-3.45). Overall survival was also not significantly different (P=.13; HR 1.97; 95% CI 0.57-6.77), with 4 deaths in the RT group compared with 9 in the control group. Conclusions: Postoperative RT significantly improved local control compared with the use of surgery alone in this case-matched cohort analysis of grossly resected ACC patients. Although this retrospective series represents the largest study to date on adjuvant RT for ACC, its findings need to be prospectively confirmed.

  10. Primary tuberculous infection of breast: experiences of surgical resection for aged p.atients and review of literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Primary mammary tuberculosis is a rare entity that usually occurs in female of reproductive age. Herein three such patients including two males with ages over 80 years, who underwent surgical resection, are reported. Fine needle biopsy failed to achieve specific diagnosis before surgical operation. All of their conditions got satisfactory improvement and anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy was administered postoperatively. Previous literature related to the epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment for mammary tuberculosis will be also reviewed. Mammary tuberculosis is usually related to breast feeding women and is extremely rare in aged man. The possible mechanisms resulting in this disease in our three patients, including direct extension, reactivation,or transmitted by staffs or peers of the nursing home, would also be discussed.

  11. Impact of obesity on the surgical outcome following repeat hepatic resection in Japanese patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma

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    Tohru Utsunomiya; Masahiro Okamoto; Toshihumi Kameyama; Ayumi Matsuyama; Manabu Yamamoto; Megumu Fujiwara; Masaki Mori; Shiomi Aimitsu; Teruyoshi Ishida

    2008-01-01

    AIM:To evaluate the impact of obesity on the postoperative outcome after hepatic resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).METHODS:Data from 328 consecutive patients with primary HCC and 60 patients with recurrent HCC were studied.We compared the surgical outcomes between the non-obese group (body mass index:BHI<25 kg/m2)and the obese group(BHI≥25 kg/m2).RESULTS:Following curative hepatectomy in patients with primary HCC,the incidence of postoperative complications and the long-term prognosis in the nonobese group(n=240) were comparable to those in the obese group(n=88).Among patients with recurrent HCC,the incidence of postoperative complications after repeat hepatectomy was not significantly different between the non-obese group(n=44) and the obese group(n=16).However,patients in the obese group showed a significantly poorer long-term prognosis than those in the non-obese group(P<0.05,five-year survival rate;51.9% and 92.0%,respectively).CONCLUSION:Obesity alone may not have an adverse effect on the surgical outcomes of patients with primary HCC.However,greater caution seems to be required when planning a repeat hepatectomy for obese patients with recurrent HCC.

  12. Diagnostic performance of FDG PET/CT for surveillance in asymptomatic gastric cancer patients after curative surgical resection

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    Lee, Jeong Won [Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, International St. Mary' s Hospital, Incheon (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang Mi [Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, 23-20 Byeongmyeong-dong, Dongnam-gu, Chungcheongnam-do, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of); Son, Myoung Won; Lee, Moon-Soo [Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Department of Surgery, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    The present study evaluated the diagnostic performance of 2-[{sup 18}F] fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for surveillance in asymptomatic gastric cancer patients after curative surgical resection. We retrospectively recruited 190 gastric cancer patients (115 early gastric cancer patients and 75 advanced gastric cancer patients) who underwent 1-year (91 patients) or 2-year (99 patients) postoperative FDG PET/CT surveillance, along with a routine follow-up program, after curative surgical resection. All enrolled patients were asymptomatic and showed no recurrence on follow-up examinations performed before PET/CT surveillance. All PET/CT images were visually assessed and all abnormal findings on follow-up examinations including FDG PET/CT were confirmed with histopathological diagnosis or clinical follow-up. During follow-up, 19 patients (10.0 %) developed recurrence. FDG PET/CT showed abnormal findings in 37 patients (19.5 %). Among them, 16 patients (8.4 %) were diagnosed as cancer recurrence. Of 153 patients without abnormal findings on PET/CT, three patients were false-negative and diagnosed as recurrence on other follow-up examinations. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of FDG PET/CT were 84.2 %, 87.7 %, 43.2 %, and 98.0 %, respectively. Among 115 early gastric cancer patients, PET/CT detected recurrence in four patients (3.5 %) and one patient with local recurrence. Among 75 advanced gastric cancer patients, PET/CT detected recurrence in 12 patients (16.0 %), excluding two patients experiencing peritoneal recurrence. In addition, FDG PET/CT detected secondary primary cancer in six (3.2 %) out of all the patients. Post-operative FDG PET/CT surveillance showed good diagnostic ability for detecting recurrence in gastric cancer patients. FDG PET/CT could be a useful follow-up modality for gastric cancer patients, especially those with advanced gastric cancer

  13. Predicting lung cancer prior to surgical resection in patients with lung nodules.

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    Deppen, Stephen A; Blume, Jeffrey D; Aldrich, Melinda C; Fletcher, Sarah A; Massion, Pierre P; Walker, Ronald C; Chen, Heidi C; Speroff, Theodore; Degesys, Catherine A; Pinkerman, Rhonda; Lambright, Eric S; Nesbitt, Jonathan C; Putnam, Joe B; Grogan, Eric L

    2014-10-01

    Existing predictive models for lung cancer focus on improving screening or referral for biopsy in general medical populations. A predictive model calibrated for use during preoperative evaluation of suspicious lung lesions is needed to reduce unnecessary operations for a benign disease. A clinical prediction model (Thoracic Research Evaluation And Treatment [TREAT]) is proposed for this purpose. We developed and internally validated a clinical prediction model for lung cancer in a prospective cohort evaluated at our institution. Best statistical practices were used to construct, evaluate, and validate the logistic regression model in the presence of missing covariate data using bootstrap and optimism corrected techniques. The TREAT model was externally validated in a retrospectively collected Veteran Affairs population. The discrimination and calibration of the model was estimated and compared with the Mayo Clinic model in both the populations. The TREAT model was developed in 492 patients from Vanderbilt whose lung cancer prevalence was 72% and validated among 226 Veteran Affairs patients with a lung cancer prevalence of 93%. In the development cohort, the area under the receiver operating curve (AUC) and Brier score were 0.87 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83-0.92) and 0.12, respectively compared with the AUC 0.89 (95% CI, 0.79-0.98) and Brier score 0.13 in the validation dataset. The TREAT model had significantly higher accuracy (p < 0.001) and better calibration than the Mayo Clinic model (AUC = 0.80; 95% CI, 75-85; Brier score = 0.17). The validated TREAT model had better diagnostic accuracy than the Mayo Clinic model in preoperative assessment of suspicious lung lesions in a population being evaluated for lung resection.

  14. Correlation between the survival rate of the patients with synchronous hepatic metastases from gastric carcinoma after surgical resection and patient's index

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    YANG Xin-wei; LI Zhe; LIU Kai; FU Xiao-hui; YANG Jia-he; WU Meng-chao

    2012-01-01

    Background Many studies have reported the benefit of hepatic resection for solitary and metachronous metastases from gastric cancer.However,indications and surgical results for synchronous hepatic metastases from gastric carcinoma have not been clearly defined.This study was performed to assess the benefits and limits of simultaneous combined resection of both primary gastric cancer and synchronous hepatic metastases,as well as to identify prognostic factors affecting the survival.Methods Between January 2005 and June 2008,13 patients with synchronous hepatic metastases underwent simultaneous combined resection.The clinicopathologic features and the surgical results of the 13 patients were retrospectively analyzed.Patient,tumor (primary and metastatic carcinoma),and operative parameters were analyzed for their influence on survival.Results No patient died and two patients (15.4%) developed complications during peri-operative course.The actuarial 6-month,1-year,and 2-year survival rates after hepatic resection were 76.9%,38.5%,and 30.8%,respectively,and two patients survived for more than 2 years after surgery without any signs of recurrences until latest follow-up.In univariate analysis,hepatic tumor distribution (P=0.01) and number of hepatic metastases (P=0.003) were significant prognostic factors that influenced survival.Factors associated with the primary lesion were not significant prognostic factors.Conclusions Satisfactory survival may be achieved by simultaneous combined resection of both primary gastric cancer and synchronous hepatic metastases in strictly selected patients.The number of hepatic metastases and hepatic tumor distribution are significant prognostic determinants of survival.

  15. Effect of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy on Improvement of Surgical Resectibility and Survival of Patients with Stage ⅢA Non Small Cell Lung Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIJian; YULichao; 等

    2002-01-01

    Ojbective To assess the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on surgical resectibility and survival in patients with stage ⅢA non small cell lung cancer(NSCLC).Methods 42 patients with stage ⅢA NSCLC were randomized to receive either two cycles chemotherapy followed by surgery(neoadjuvant chemotherapy group)or surgery alone(surgery alone group).All patients received four cycles chemotherapy after surgery.Results The overall response to chemotherapy was 42.9%(38.1% partial response and 4.8% complete response).Toxicity of chemotherapy was minor and consisted mainly of gastroenterological side effects and myelosuppression.Patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy had estimated surgical resection rate of 95.2%(n=20)and a complete resection rate in 52.4%(n=11) compared to 66.7%(n=14)and 28.6%(n=6)respectively,for patients with surgery alone(P<0.05).None of the patients died from the operation.The median survival was 24.6 months in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group as compared to only 10.8 months in the surgery alone group(P<0.05).The 2-year survival rate was 57.1% in the chemotherapy group as compared to 28.6% in the surgery alone group(P<0.05).Conclusion Neoadjuvant chemotherapy improves the surgical resectibility and increases the median survival and 2-year survival rate of patients with stage ⅢA NSCLC.

  16. Clinical impact of different detection methods for disseminated tumor cells in bone marrow of patients undergoing surgical resection of colorectal liver metastases: a prospective follow-up study

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    Tanke Hans J

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Large number of patients with colorectal liver metastasis show recurrent disease after curative surgical resection. Identification of these high-risk patients may guide therapeutic strategies. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the presence of disseminated tumor cells in bone marrow from patients undergoing surgical resection of colorectal liver metastases can predict clinical outcome. Methods Sixty patients with colorectal liver metastases were planned for a curative resection between 2001 and 2007. All patients underwent bone marrow aspiration before surgery. Detection of tumor cells was performed using immunocytochemical staining for cytokeratin (CK-ICC combined with automated microscopy or indirectly using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR. Results Disseminated tumor cells were found in 15 of the 46 patients (33% using CK-ICC and in 9 of 44 of the patients (20% using RT-PCR. Patients with negative results for RT-PCR had a significant better disease-free survival after resection of their liver metastases (p = 0.02. This group also showed significant better overall survival (p = 0.002. CK-ICC did not predict a worse clinical outcome. Conclusions The presence of disseminated tumor cells in bone marrow detected using RT-PCR did predict a worse clinical outcome. The presence of cells detected with CK-ICC did not correlate with poor prognosis.

  17. Surgical resection for esophageal carcinoma: Speaking the language

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    Robert J. Korst

    2005-01-01

    The terminology used to describe esophagectomy for carcinoma can be confusing, even for specialists in gastrointestinal disease. As a result, specific terms are often used out of their intended context. To simplify the nomenclature, two points regarding procedures for surgical resection of the esophagus are critical: the extent of resection (radical vs standard) and the operative approach (choice of incisions). It is important to understand that the radicality of the resection may have little to do with the operative approach, with the exception of esophagectomy without thoracotomy (transhiatal esophagectomy), which mandates the performance of a standard or non-radical resection. Esophagectomy has emerged as the standard curative treatment option for patients with esophageal carcinoma; however, unlike the surgical resection of other types of solid tumors, many different surgical options and/or approaches exist for these patients. This heterogeneity of care may result from the fact that the esophagus is accessible through more than one body cavity (left hemithorax, right hemithorax, abdomen).In addition, and partially as a result of its accessibility,different types of surgical specialists harbor this operation in their armamentarium, including general surgeons,thoracic surgeons, and surgical oncologists. Despite this enthusiasm amongst surgeons, little consensus exists as to which option is most oncologically sound. Further, the details of the various surgical approaches and procedures for resection of the esophagus are often difficult to comprehend, even for specialists in gastrointestinal disease, with much of the relevant terminology used out of its intended context. To facilitate the understanding of the surgical options for esophageal carcinoma, it is useful to view the operation from two angles: the extent of resection (Aradical@ vs Astandard@) and the operative approach (choice of incisions).

  18. Postoperative Complications, In-Hospital Mortality and 5-Year Survival After Surgical Resection for Patients with a Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor: A Systematic Review.

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    Jilesen, Anneke P J; van Eijck, Casper H J; in't Hof, K H; van Dieren, S; Gouma, Dirk J; van Dijkum, Els J M Nieveen

    2016-03-01

    Studies on postoperative complications and survival in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNET) are sparse and randomized controlled trials are not available. We reviewed all studies on postoperative complications and survival after resection of pNET. A systematic search was performed in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE and EMBASE from 2000-2013. Inclusion criteria were studies of resected pNET, which described postoperative complications separately for each surgical procedure and/or 5-year survival after resection. Prospective and retrospective studies were pooled separately and overall pooled if heterogeneity was below 75%. The random-effect model was used. Overall, 2643 studies were identified and after full-text analysis 62 studies were included. Pancreatic fistula (PF) rate of the prospective studies after tumor enucleation was 45%; PF-rates after distal pancreatectomy, pancreatoduodenectomy, or central pancreatectomy were, respectively, 14-14-58%. Delayed gastric emptying rates were, respectively, 5-5-18-16%. Postoperative hemorrhage rates were, respectively, 6-1-7-4%. In-hospital mortality rates were, respectively, 3-4-6-4%. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) of resected pNET without synchronous resected liver metastases were, respectively, 85-93%. Heterogeneity between included studies on 5-year OS in patients with synchronous resected liver metastases was too high to pool all studies. The 5-year DSS in patients with liver metastases was 80%. Morbidity after pancreatic resection for pNET was mainly caused by PF. Liver resection in patients with liver metastases seems to have a positive effect on DSS. To reduce heterogeneity, ISGPS criteria and uniform patient groups should be used in the analysis of postoperative outcome and survival.

  19. Predictors of circumferential resection margin involvement in surgically resected rectal cancer: A retrospective review of 23,464 patients in the US National Cancer Database

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    Al-Sukhni, Eisar; Attwood, Kristopher; Gabriel, Emmanuel; Nurkin, Steven J.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction The circumferential resection margin (CRM) is a key prognostic factor after rectal cancer resection. We sought to identify factors associated with CRM involvement (CRM+). Methods A retrospective review was performed of the National Cancer Database, 2004–2011. Patients with rectal cancer who underwent radical resection and had a recorded CRM were included. Multivariable analysis of the association between clinicopathologic characteristics and CRM was performed. Tumor patients, 13.3% were CRM+. Factors associated with CRM+ were diagnosis later in the study period, lack of insurance, advanced stage, higher grade, undergoing APR, and receiving radiation. Nearly half of CRM+ patients did not receive neoadjuvant therapy. CRM+ patients who did not receive neoadjuvant therapy were more likely to be female, older, with more comorbidities, smaller tumors, earlier clinical stage, advanced pathologic stage, and CEA-negative disease compared to those who received it. Conclusions Factors associated with CRM+ include features of advanced disease, undergoing APR, and lack of health insurance. Half of CRM+ patients did not receive neoadjuvant treatment. These represent cases where CRM status may be modifiable with appropriate pre-operative selection and multidisciplinary management. PMID:26906328

  20. Prognostic value of ABO blood group in patients with surgically resected colon cancer.

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    Cao, X; Wen, Z-S; Sun, Y-J; Li, Y; Zhang, L; Han, Y-J

    2014-07-08

    Previous studies supported a link between the ABO blood type and survival for several types of malignancies. Nonetheless, the relationship between ABO blood type and survival in colon cancer patients has not been rigorously evaluated. The goal of this retrospective analysis was to discern the correlations between ABO blood group and colon cancer survival. A total of 1555 colon cancer patients that underwent curative-intent surgery between October 1995 and June 2002 were eligible for this study. The primary outcomes measured were the association between ABO blood group and patient survival. Compared with patients with non-AB blood types (blood types A, B, and O), patients with blood type AB were more likely to have better survival. The mean overall survival (OS) of the blood type AB patients was 113.9 months, whereas the mean OS of the non-AB blood type patients was significantly lower, 106.1 months (Ptest). Compared with patients with blood type AB, the hazard ratios for patients with A, B, and O were 4.37 (95% confidence interval (95% CI), 2.65-7.20), 2.99 (95% CI, 1.81-4.96), and 2.78 (95% CI, 1.69-4.56), respectively. Blood type AB is a favourable prognostic factor for patients with colon cancer.

  1. [Surgical resection of gliomas in 2008].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpentier, A C

    2008-11-01

    Surgical resection of gliomas is a well-established treatment. It allows a histo-genetic diagnosis, a mass effect reduction, an intracranial hypertension treatment, a recovery of an eventual neurological deficit induced by the mass effect, but mostly brings a significant survival. New imaging sequences are optimizing the surgical management of brain tumors by bringing precisions on the tumor morphology, on cortical/subcortical eloquent areas (functional and diffusion MRI), on histology (spectroscopic MR). If the tumor is located in eloquent area, surgery is performed under electrostimulation control to take into account cerebral plasticity and to avoid postoperative functional deficits. Neuronavigation, per-operative echography, and per-operative MRI are recognized tools for optimizing the tumor resection. Ongoing researches concern the adjunction of local treatments within the surgical field (photodynamic therapy, chemotherapy, convection immunotherapy...), but also the development of minimal invasive procedures (radiosurgery, high intensity focalized ultrasounds, laser interstitial thermal therapy).

  2. Use of a midline mandibular osteotomy to improve surgical access for transoral robotic resection of the base of tongue in a patient with trismus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, Gerald; Ferrell, Jay; Andersen, Peter

    2017-09-01

    The utilization of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in patients with trismus is limited because of poor surgical exposure. This report is about a 46-year-old man with a recurrent right base of tongue cancer who had severe postradiation trismus. We performed a midline mandibular osteotomy without a lip split and this resulted in a markedly improved surgical exposure. He underwent a TORS resection of the right base of the tongue with no significant complications. The midline mandibular osteotomy significantly improved the surgical exposure and facilitated exposure for TORS in a patient who otherwise would not be able to undergo TORS. Utilization of a midline mandibular osteotomy allowed for increased exposure for TORS in a patient with limited mouth opening from postradiation trismus. Postoperative hemorrhage remains a significant concern and appropriate measures to mitigate the catastrophic consequences of this should be considered. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Outcome of surgical resection for brain metastases and radical treatment of the primary tumor in Chinese non–small-cell lung cancer patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Z

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Zhenye Li,1,3,* Xiangheng Zhang,1,* Xiaobing Jiang,1 Chengcheng Guo,1 Ke Sai,1 Qunying Yang,1 Zhenqiang He,1 Yang Wang,1 Zhongping Chen,1 Wei Li,2 Yonggao Mou1 1Department of Neurosurgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Anesthesiology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors have contributed equally to this work Purpose: Brain metastasis is the most common complication of brain cancer; nevertheless, primary lung cancer accounts for approximately 20%–40% of brain metastases cases. Surgical resection is the preferred treatment for brain metastases. However, no studies have reported the outcome of surgical resection of brain metastases from non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC in the People’s Republic of China. Moreover, the optimal treatment for primary NSCLC in patients with synchronous brain metastases is hitherto controversial. Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed the cases of NSCLC patients with brain metastases who underwent neurosurgical resection at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, and assessed the efficacy of surgical resection and the necessity of aggressive treatment for primary NSCLC in synchronous brain metastases patients. Results: A total of 62 patients, including 47 men and 15 women, with brain metastases from NSCLC were enrolled in the study. The median age at the time of craniotomy was 54 years (range 29–76 years. At the final follow-up evaluation, 50 patients had died. The median OS time was 15.1 months, and the survival rates were 70% and 37% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. The median OS

  4. Perioperative Allogeneic Blood Transfusion Is Associated With Surgical Site Infection After Abdominoperineal Resection-a Space for the Implementation of Patient Blood Management Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneko, Kensuke; Kawai, Kazushige; Tsuno, Nelson H; Ishihara, Soichiro; Yamaguchi, Hironori; Sunami, Eiji; Watanabe, Toshiaki

    2015-05-01

    Allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) has been reported as a major risk factor for surgical site infection (SSI) in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. However, the association of ABT with SSI in patients undergoing abdominoperineal resection (APR) and total pelvic exenteration (TPE) still remains to be evaluated. Here, we aim to elucidate this association. The medical records of all patients undergoing APR and TPE at our institution in the period between January 2000 and December 2012 were reviewed. Patients without SSI (no SSI group) were compared with patients who developed SSI (SSI group), in terms of clinicopathologic features, including ABT. In addition, data for 262 patients who underwent transabdominal rectal resection at our institution in the same period were also enrolled, and their data on differential leukocyte counts were evaluated. Multivariate analysis showed that intraoperative transfusion was an independent predictive factor for SSI after APR and TPE (P = 0.004). In addition, the first-operative day lymphocyte count of patients undergoing APR, TPE, and transabdominal rectal resection was significantly higher in nontransfusion patients compared with transfusion ones (P = 0.026). ABT in the perioperative period of APR and TPE may have an important immunomodulatory effect, leading to an increased incidence of SSI. This fact should be carefully considered, and efforts to avoid allogeneic blood exposure while still achieving adequate patient blood management would be very important for patients undergoing APR and TPE as well.

  5. TECHNIQUE AND SURGICAL OUTCOMES OF ANATOMICAL LIVER RESECTIONS FOR COLORECTAL CANCER LIVER METASTASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. V. Sidorov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Technique and surgical outcomes of anatomical liver resections using ERBEJET2® water-jet dissector were described. Overall 98 patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases were included in this study. In 43 patients resections were performed using water-jet dissection technique. Water-jet dissection seems to be safe and effective technique for anatomical liver resections.

  6. A Panel of Genetic Polymorphism for the Prediction of Prognosis in Patients with Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer after Surgical Resection.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shin Yup Lee

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to investigate whether a panel of eight genetic polymorphisms can predict the prognosis of patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC after surgical resection.We selected eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs which have been associated with the prognosis of lung cancer patients after surgery in our previous studies. A total of 814 patients with early stage NSCLC who underwent curative surgical resection were enrolled. The association of the eight SNPs with overall survival (OS and disease-free survival (DFS was analyzed.The eight SNPs (CD3EAP rs967591, TNFRSF10B rs1047266, AKT1 rs3803300, C3 rs2287845, HOMER2 rs1256428, GNB2L1 rs3756585, ADAMTSL3 rs11259927, and CD3D rs3181259 were significantly associated with OS and/or DFS. Combining those eight SNPs, we designed a prognostic index to predict the prognosis of patients. According to relative risk of death, a score value was assigned to each genotype of the SNPs. A worse prognosis corresponded to a higher score value, and the sum of score values of eight SNPs defined the prognostic index of a patient. When we categorized the patients into two groups based on the prognostic index, high risk group was significantly associated with worse OS and DFS compared to low risk group (aHR for OS = 2.21, 95% CI = 1.69-2.88, P = 8.0 x 10-9, and aHR for DFS = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.29-1.94, P = 1.0 x 10-5.Prognostic index using eight genetic polymorphisms may be useful for the prognostication of patients with surgically resected NSCLC.

  7. Validation of an algorithm for planar surgical resection reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milano, Federico E.; Ritacco, Lucas E.; Farfalli, Germán L.; Aponte-Tinao, Luis A.; González Bernaldo de Quirós, Fernán; Risk, Marcelo

    2012-02-01

    Surgical planning followed by computer-assisted intraoperative navigation in orthopaedics oncology for tumor resection have given acceptable results in the last few years. However, the accuracy of preoperative planning and navigation is not clear yet. The aim of this study is to validate a method capable of reconstructing the nearly planar surface generated by the cutting saw in the surgical specimen taken off the patient during the resection procedure. This method estimates an angular and offset deviation that serves as a clinically useful resection accuracy measure. The validation process targets the degree to which the automatic estimation is true, taking as a validation criterium the accuracy of the estimation algorithm. For this purpose a manually estimated gold standard (a bronze standard) data set is built by an expert surgeon. The results show that the manual and the automatic methods consistently provide similar measures.

  8. Three dimensional model for surgical planning in resection of thoracic tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min P. Kim

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Three-dimensional printed model provide better visualization of complex thoracic tumors, aid in counseling the patient about the surgical procedure and assisted in surgical resection of thoracic malignancy.

  9. Accuracy of Computed Tomography for Predicting Pathologic Nodal Extracapsular Extension in Patients With Head-and-Neck Cancer Undergoing Initial Surgical Resection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prabhu, Roshan S., E-mail: roshansprabhu@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Magliocca, Kelly R. [Department of Pathology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Hanasoge, Sheela [Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Aiken, Ashley H.; Hudgins, Patricia A. [Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Hall, William A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Chen, Susie A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, Texas (United States); Eaton, Bree R.; Higgins, Kristin A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Saba, Nabil F. [Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Beitler, Jonathan J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Nodal extracapsular extension (ECE) in patients with head-and-neck cancer increases the loco-regional failure risk and is an indication for adjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT). To reduce the risk of requiring trimodality therapy, patients with head-and-neck cancer who are surgical candidates are often treated with definitive CRT when preoperative computed tomographic imaging suggests radiographic ECE. The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of preoperative CT imaging for predicting pathologic nodal ECE (pECE). Methods and Materials: The study population consisted of 432 consecutive patients with oral cavity or locally advanced/nonfunctional laryngeal cancer who underwent preoperative CT imaging before initial surgical resection and neck dissection. Specimens with pECE had the extent of ECE graded on a scale from 1 to 4. Results: Radiographic ECE was documented in 46 patients (10.6%), and pECE was observed in 87 (20.1%). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were 43.7%, 97.7%, 82.6%, and 87.3%, respectively. The sensitivity of radiographic ECE increased from 18.8% for grade 1 to 2 ECE, to 52.9% for grade 3, and 72.2% for grade 4. Radiographic ECE criteria of adjacent structure invasion was a better predictor than irregular borders/fat stranding for pECE. Conclusions: Radiographic ECE has poor sensitivity, but excellent specificity for pECE in patients who undergo initial surgical resection. PPV and NPV are reasonable for clinical decision making. The performance of preoperative CT imaging increased as pECE grade increased. Patients with resectable head-and-neck cancer with radiographic ECE based on adjacent structure invasion are at high risk for high-grade pECE requiring adjuvant CRT when treated with initial surgery; definitive CRT as an alternative should be considered where appropriate.

  10. The Effect of Endoscopic Resection on Short-Term Surgical Outcomes in Patients with Additional Laparoscopic Gastrectomy after Non-Curative Resection for Gastric Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Eun-Gyeong; Eom, Bang-Wool; Yoon, Hong-Man; Kim, Yong-Il; Cho, Soo-Jeong; Lee, Jong-Yeul; Kim, Young-Woo

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in early gastric cancer causes an artificial gastric ulcer and local inflammation that has a negative intraprocedural impact on additional laparoscopic gastrectomy in patients with noncurative ESD. In this study, we analyzed the effect of ESD on short-term surgical outcomes and evaluated the risk factors. Materials and Methods From January 2003 to January 2013, 1,704 patients of the National Cancer Center underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy with lymph node dissection because of preoperative stage Ia or Ib gastric cancer. They were divided into 2 groups: (1) with preoperative ESD or (2) without preoperative ESD. Clinicopathologic factors and short-term surgical outcomes were retrospectively evaluated along with risk factors such as preoperative ESD. Results Several characteristics differed between patients who underwent ESD-surgery (n=199) or surgery alone (n=1,505). The mean interval from the ESD procedure to the operation was 43.03 days. Estimated blood loss, open conversion rate, mean operation time, and length of hospital stay were not different between the 2 groups. Postoperative complications occurred in 23 patients (11.56%) in the ESD-surgery group and in 189 patients (12.56%) in the surgery-only group, and 3 deaths occurred among patients with complications (1 patient [ESD-surgery group] vs. 2 patients [surgery-only group]; P=0.688). A history of ESD was not significantly associated with postoperative complications (P=0.688). Multivariate analysis showed that male sex (P=0.008) and laparoscopic total or proximal gastrectomy (P=0.000) were independently associated with postoperative complications. Conclusions ESD did not affect short-term surgical outcomes during and after an additional laparoscopic gastrectomy.

  11. Role of surgical resection in treatment of pancreatic adenocarcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milošević Pavle

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is the fifth leading cause of death from malignant diseases. The total five-year rate is bellow 5%, but in patients who underwent pancreatic resection, the fiveyear rate may be up to 20%. Surgical resection is still the only therapeutic option that offers the possibility of cure. In recent decades, the perioperative mortality rate has been significantly reduced in the institutions performing a number of these operations per year and has become less than 5%. Postoperative morbidity remains high. Material and Methods. The results of surgical resection in the treatment of pancreatic adenocarcinoma have been analyzed. A retrospective study included the patients operated at the Department for Abdominal, Endocrine and Transplantation surgery, Clinical Center of Vojvodina. Results. In the period from February 1st 1998 to February 1st 2007 a total of 67 patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma underwent resection. The average age of patients was 58.81±1.42 years. There were 44 (65.7% male and 23 (34.3% female patients. The most common locations of cancer were the head, then the body and the tail of the pancreas and they were found in 57 (85.1% cases, 7 (10,4% cases and 3 (4,47% cases, respectively. The postoperative mortality appeared in 3 (4.47% cases and postoperative morbidity in 21 (31.3% cases. The average survival was 22.89± 3.87 months, the median being 9.0±2.18 months. The five-year survival rate was 13.5%. Conclusion. For patients with pancreatic cancer, surgical resection still remains the only chance of cure. These procedures are performed with acceptable postoperative mortality and morbidity rate. The percentage of cured patients is still unsatisfactorily low.

  12. Dilemmas in autoimmune pancreatitis. Surgical resection or not?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmanova, I; Gurlich, R; Janik, V; Szabo, A; Vernerova, Z

    Surgical treatment is not commonly recommended in the management of autoimmune pancreatitis. The article describes a dilemma in diagnostics and treatment of a 68-year old man with the mass in the head of the pancreas that mimicked pancreatic cancer and that was diagnosed as a type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (IgG4-related pancreatitis) after a surgical resection. Diagnosis of the autoimmune pancreatitis is a real clinical challenge, as in the current diagnostic criteria exists some degree of overlap in the findings between autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer (indicated by the similarity in radiologic findings, elevation of IgG4, sampling errors in pancreatic biopsy, and the possibility of synchronous autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer). Despite the generally accepted corticosteroids as the primary treatment modality in autoimmune pancreatitis, we believe that surgical resection remains necessary in a specific subgroup of patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (Fig. 4, Ref. 37).

  13. Laparoscopic Colorectal Resection in the Obese Patient

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Sean T.; Stocchi, Luca

    2011-01-01

    Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is an accepted alternative to conventional open resection in the surgical approach of both benign and malignant diseases of the colon and rectum. Well-described benefits of laparoscopic surgery include accelerated recovery of bowel function, decreased post-operative pain and shorter hospital stay; these advantages could be particularly beneficial to high-risk patient groups, such as obese patients. At present, data regarding the application of the laparoscopic approach to colorectal resection in the obese is equivocal. We evaluate the available evidence to support laparoscopic colorectal resection in the obese patient population. PMID:23204942

  14. Surgical Management of Intramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors: Surgical Resection and Prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gui-huai Wang; Gui-huai Wang; Chung-cheng Wang; Chung-cheng Wang

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: The majority of intramedullary spinal cord tumors (IMSCT) are low-grade gliomas.Radical resection for IMSCTs remains challenging.Recently, improved neuroimaging and advanced microsurgical technique have made great success in surgical management of the intramedullary spinal cord tumors.METHODS & RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients with intramedullary spinal cord tumors were treated by radical resection during the past 4 years in our institute.The histological results were as follows: 12 ependymomas, 4 astrocytomas, 4 hemangioblastomas, 4 epidermoids, 1 cavernoma, 2 lipomas, 2 metastatics.A gross-total resection (> 95%) was achieved in 25 surgical procedures.Subtotal resections (80-95%) were performed in 4 cases.There was no surgical death.When comparing the preoperative and 3-month postoperative functional grades, 12 patients were stable 14 improved, and 3 deteriorated.Patients with either no deficit or only mild deficit before surgery were rarely impaired by the procedure, reinforcing the importance of early diagnosis and treatment.The major determinant of long-term survival was histological composition of the tumor.Patients in whom an IMSCT was only partially resected (< 80%) fared significantly worse.CONCLUSIONS: The long-term survival and quality of life for patients with low-grade gliomas treated by radical resection alone is comparable or superior to minimal resection plus radiotherapy.The optimal therapy for patients with high-grade glioma is yet to be determined.For benign lesion, such as hemangioblastoma and cavernoma could be cured by total resection of the tumor.For lipoma and epidermoid, fibrous adhesions to the cord make total removal difficult, and thus, removal is not the goal of surgery.The carbon dioxide laser is particularly useful during surgery for this lesion.

  15. The Effects of Microwave Ablation and Surgical Resection on Hematogenous Dissemination of Cancer Cells in Treating Patients with Small Primary Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chaoyang Wen; Baowei Dong; Ping Liang; Xiaoling Yu; Li Su; Dejiang Yu; Hongtian Xia

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To conduct a comparative study of the effects of treatment using microwave ablation versus surgical resection on hematogenous dissemination of cancer cells, and on the level of immune cells of the peripheral blood in patients with small primary hepatocellular carcinoma (PHC, ≤5 cm).METHODS Forty patients with small PHC (maximal diameter ≤5 cm) were divided into a microwave group (19 cases) and a surgical operation group (21 cases). A real-time (RT) quantitative nested RT-PCR examination was performed for peripheral blood alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) mRNA. Studies were conducted to determine the level of CD3, CD4, CD8 and CD4/CD8 cells and for liver function at 30 min before, and 30 min,1 day and 3 days after the treatment.RESULTS Compared to the value before ablation, no obvious changes of CD3, CD4, CD8 and CD4/CD8 cells were found in patients of the microwave group within 7 days after ablation, but CD3, CD4 and CD4/CD8 cells in the operation group were lower compared to that before operatioh. The copy number of AFP mRNA in the peripheral blood samples of the patients of the 2 groups before operation was determined in 67.5% of the patients (27/40). There was an rise in the expression after treatment but no statistical difference was found in comparing the 2 groups. Follow-up of the patients was conducted for 1 to 16 months. For patients with continuous expression of peripheral blood AFP mRNA, the possibility of relapse and metastasis was increased.CONCLUSION Surgical resection or microwave ablation can cause more exfoliation of hepatoma carcinoma cells in the peripheral blood of patients with small PHC. The immune function of peripheral blood cells decreased in the patients after surgical resection, however, the immune function was better protected following microwave ablation. Microwave ablation causes minor reduction in liver function, and the treatment method presents a definite value for PHC therapy.

  16. Comparison of long-term survival between temozolomide-based chemoradiotherapy and radiotherapy alone for patients with low-grade gliomas after surgical resection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gai, Xiu-juan; Wei, Yu-mei; Tao, Heng-min; An, Dian-zheng; Sun, Jia-teng; Li, Bao-sheng

    2016-01-01

    Purpose This study was designed to compare the survival outcomes of temozolomide-based chemoradiotherapy (TMZ + RT) vs radiotherapy alone (RT-alone) for low-grade gliomas (LGGs) after surgical resection. Patients and methods In this retrospective analysis, we reviewed postoperative records of 69 patients with LGGs treated with TMZ + RT (n=31) and RT-alone (n=38) at the Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University between June 2011 and December 2013. Patients in the TMZ + RT group were administered 50–100 mg oral TMZ every day until the radiotherapy regimen was completed. Results The median follow-up since surgery was 33 months and showed no significant intergroup differences (P=0.06). There were statistically significant intergroup differences in the progression-free survival rate (P=0.037), with 83.9% for TMZ-RT group and 60.5% for RT-alone group. The overall 2-year overall survival (OS) rate was 89.86%. Age distribution (≥45 years and <45 years) and resection margin (complete resection or not) were significantly associated with OS (P=0.03 and P=0.004, respectively). Conclusion Although no differences were found in the 2-year OS between the TMZ + RT and RT-alone groups, there was a trend toward increased 2-year progression-free survival in the TMZ + RT group. With better tolerability, concurrent TMZ chemoradiotherapy may be beneficial for postoperative patients with LGGs. Age distribution and surgical margin are likely potential indicators of disease prognosis. The possible differences in long-term survival between the two groups and the links between prognostic factors and long-term survival may be worthy of further investigation. PMID:27574452

  17. Survival Analyses for Patients With Surgically Resected Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors by World Health Organization 2010 Grading Classifications and American Joint Committee on Cancer 2010 Staging Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Min; Ke, Neng-wen; Zeng, Lin; Zhang, Yi; Tan, Chun-lu; Zhang, Hao; Mai, Gang; Tian, Bo-le; Liu, Xu-bao

    2015-12-01

    In 2010, World Health Organization (WHO) reclassified pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (p-NETs) into 4 main groups: neuroendocrine tumor G1 (NET G1), neuroendocrine tumor G2 (NET G2), neuroendocrine carcinoma G3 (NEC G3), mixed adeno and neuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC). Clinical value of these newly updated WHO grading criteria has not been rigorously validated. The authors aimed to evaluate the clinical consistency of the new 2010 grading classifications by WHO and the 2010 tumor-node metastasis staging systems by American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) on survivals for patients with surgically resected p-NETs. Moreover, the authors would validate the prognostic value of both criteria for p-NETs.The authors retrospectively collected the clinicopathologic data of 120 eligible patients who were all surgically treated and histopathologically diagnosed as p-NETs from January 2004 to February 2014 in our single institution. The new WHO criteria were assigned to 4 stratified groups with a respective distribution of 62, 35, 17, and 6 patients. Patients with NET G1 or NET G2 obtained a statistically better survival compared with those with NEC G3 or MANEC (P systems were respectively defined in 61, 36, 12, and 11 patients for each stage. Differences of survivals of stage I with stage III and IV were significant (P systems were both significant in univariate and multivariate analysis (P systems could consistently reflect the clinical outcome of patients with surgically resected p-NETs. Meanwhile, both criteria could be independent predictors for survival analysis of p-NETs.

  18. Chondrosarcoma of the hand: is a wide surgical resection necessary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittermayer, Florian; Dominkus, Martin; Krepler, Petra; Schwameis, Eva; Sluga, Maria; Toma, Cyril; Lang, Susanna; Grampp, Stephan; Kotz, Rainer

    2004-07-01

    Chondrosarcomas of the hand are rare and generally treated with surgical resection. Thirteen patients with Grade 1 chondrosarcoma of the small bones of the hand were followed up for a mean of 99.8 months (range, 26-293 months). In eight patients (Group 1) curettage and reconstruction with cancellous bone was done and in five patients (Group 2) a wide resection was done. No patient experienced relapse in Group 2. In Group 1 one patient had a local relapse 18 months after intralesional resection. Using the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score for evaluation, the clinical results showed an average of 98% and 95% of the normal function in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. None of the patients had evidence of systemic spread of the disease. With a relapse rate of 12.5% and no distant metastases after curettage, intralesional resection is the preferred method of treatment in Grade 1 chondrosarcoma of the hand, allowing the patient to avoid amputation and major loss of function.

  19. Suggestion of optimal radiation fields in rectal cancer patients after surgical resection for the development of the patterns of care study

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    Kim, Jong Hoon; Park, Jin Hong; Kim, Dae Yong [College of Medicine, Ulsan Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [and others

    2003-06-01

    To suggest the optimal radiation fields after a surgical resection based on a nationwide survey on the principles of radiotherapy for rectal cancer in the Korean Patterns of Care Study. A consensus committee, composed of radiation oncologists from 18 hospitals in Seoul Metropolitan area, developed a survey format to analyze radiation oncologist's treatment principles for rectal cancer after a surgical resection. The survey format included 19 questions on the principles of defining field margins, and was sent to the radiation oncologists in charge of gastrointestinal malignancies in all Korean hospitals (48 hospitals). Thirty three (69%) oncologists replied. On the basis of the replies and literature review, the committee developed guidelines for the optimal radiation fields for rectal cancer. The following guidelines were developed: superior border between the lower tip of the L5 vertebral body and upper sacroiliac joint; inferior border 2-3 cm distal to the anastomosis in patient whose sphincter was saved, and 2-3 cm distal to the perineal scar in patients whose anal sphincter was sacrificed; anterior margin at the posterior tip of the symphysis pubis or 2-3 cm anterior to the vertebral body, to include the internal iliac lymph node and posterior margin 1.5-2 cm posterior to the anterior surface of the sacrum, to include the presacral space with enough margin. Comparison with the guidelines, the replies on the superior margin coincided in 23 cases (70%), the inferior margin after sphincter saving surgery in 13 (39%), the inferior margin after abdominoperineal resection in 32 (97%), the lateral margin in 32 (97%), the posterior margins in 32 (97%) and the anterior margin in 16 (45%). These recommendations should be tailored to each patient according to the clinical characteristics such as tumor location, pathological and operative findings, for the optimal treatment. The adequacy of these guidelines should be proved by following the Korean Patterns of Care

  20. Strain Assessment in Surgically Resected Inflammatory and Neoplastic Bowel Lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Havre, R F; Leh, S; Gilja, O H

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To investigate whether ultrasound-based strain imaging can discriminate between colorectal adenocarcinomas and stenotic Crohn's lesions in newly resected surgical specimens.Materials and Methods: Resected surgical specimens from 27 patients electively operated for colorectal tumors...... or stenotic lesions from Crohn's disease were prospectively examined with ultrasonography using a Hitachi HV 900 US scanner with real-time elastography (RTE). Three different methods were applied to assess tissue strain: A four-level categorical visual classification, a continuous visual analog scale (VAS, 0...... - 100) and a strain ratio (SR) measurement between the lesion and surrounding reference tissue. The imaged sections were marked and subsequently examined by a pathologist. Results from RTE were evaluated according to diagnosis, degree of fibrosis, inflammatory parameters, tumor stage and grade...

  1. CyberKnife with tumor tracking: An effective alternative to wedge resection for high-risk surgical patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sean eCollins

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Published data suggests that wedge resection for stage I NSCLC results in improved overall survival compared to stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT. We report CyberKnife outcomes for high-risk surgical patients with biopsy-proven stage I NSCLC. PET/CT imaging was completed for staging. Three-to-five gold fiducial markers were implanted in or near tumors to serve as targeting references. Gross tumor volumes (GTVs were contoured using lung windows; the margins were expanded by 5 mm to establish the planning treatment volume (PTV. Treatment plans were designed using hundreds of pencil beams. Doses delivered to the PTV ranged from 42-60 Gy in 3 fractions. The 30-Gy isodose contour extended at least 1cm from the GTV to eradicate microscopic disease. Treatments were delivered using the CyberKnife system with tumor tracking. Examination and PET/CT imaging occurred at 3-month follow-up intervals. Forty patients (median age 76 with a median maximum tumor diameter of 2.6 cm (range, 1.4-5.0 cm and a mean post-bronchodilator percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 of 57% (range, 21 - 111% were treated. A mean dose of 50 Gy was delivered to the PTV over 3 to 13 days (median, 7 days. The 30-Gy isodose contour extended a mean 1.9 cm from the GTV. At a median 44 months (range, 12 -72 months follow-up, the 3-year Kaplan-Meier locoregional control and overall survival estimates compare favorably with contemporary wedge resection outcomes at 91% and 75% , respectively. CyberKnife is an effective treatment approach for stage I NSCLC that is similar to wedge resection, eradicating tumors with 1 to 2 cm margins in order to preserve lung function. Prospective randomized trials comparing CyberKnife with wedge resection are necessary to confirm equivalence.

  2. SURGICAL RESECTION FOR SMALL-CELL CARCINOMA OF THE LUNG - A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    SMIT, EF; GROEN, HJM; TIMENS, W; POSTMUS, PE

    1994-01-01

    Background - A retrospective review was undertaken of the survival of 21 patients with histologically proven small cell carcinoma of the lung resected between 1977 and 1991. Methods - Twenty one patients (20 men) of median age 60 (range 44-73) years underwent surgical resection. Patients were subjec

  3. Prognostic significance of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2 expression in patients with surgically resectable adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus

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    Cree Ian A

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background COX-2 expression in tumour cells has been associated with poor prognosis in gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal cancers. The aim of our study was to test the hypothesis that higher levels of COX-2 expression are prognostically related to poor clinico-pathologic features in adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus. Methods We reviewed the records of 100 consecutive patients undergoing resection for adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus to collect data on T-stage, N-stage, tumour recurrence and survival. T & N-stage was further confirmed by histological examination. COX-2 protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in all patients and COX-2 m-RNA expression was measured by quantitative RT-PCR in a small group of patients. Results Higher levels of COX-2 expression were associated with higher T stage (p = 0.008, higher N stage (p = 0.049, increased risk of tumour recurrence (p = 0.01 and poor survival (p = 200 was associated with a median survival of 10 months compared to 26 months with a score of Conclusion Higher levels of COX-2 expression are associated with poor clinico-pathologic features and poor survival in patients with oesophageal adenocarcinoma.

  4. Influence of simultaneous liver and peritoneal resection on postoperative morbi-mortality and survival in patients with colon cancer treated with surgical cytoreduction and intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales Soriano, Rafael; Morón Canis, José Miguel; Molina Romero, Xavier; Pérez Celada, Judit; Tejada Gavela, Silvia; Segura Sampedro, Juan José; Jiménez Morillas, Patricia; Díaz Jover, Paula; García Pérez, José María; Sena Ruiz, Fátima; González Argente, Xavier

    2017-04-01

    Cytoreductive surgery plus intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy (HIPEC) has recently been established as the treatment of choice for selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of colonic origin. Until recently, the simultaneous presence of peritoneal and hepatic dissemination has been considered a contraindication for surgery. The aim of this paper is to analyze the morbidity, mortality and survival of patients with simultaneous peritoneal and hepatic resection with HIPEC for peritoneal carcinomatosis secondary to colon cancer. Between January 2010 and January 2015, 61 patients were operated on, 16 had simultaneous peritoneal and hepatic dissemination (group RH+), and 45 presented only peritoneal dissemination (group RH-). There were no differences between the groups in terms of demographic data, length of surgery and extension of peritoneal disease. Postoperative grade III-V complications were significantly higher in the RH+ group (56.3 vs. 26.6%; P=.032). For the whole group, mortality rate was 3.2% (two patients in group RH-, and none in group RH+). Patients with liver resection had a longer postoperative stay (14.4 vs. 23.1 days) (P=.027). Median overall survival was 33 months for RH-, and 36 for RH+ group. Median disease-free survival was 16 months for RH-, and 24 months for RH+ group. Simultaneous peritoneal cytoreduction and hepatic resection resulted in a significantly higher Clavien grade III-V morbidity and a longer hospital stay, although the results are similar to other major abdominal interventions. The application of multimodal oncological and surgical treatment may obtain similar long-term survival results in both groups. Copyright © 2017 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  5. Factors Associated with Abducens Nerve Recovery in Patients Undergoing Surgical Resection of Sixth Nerve Schwannoma: A Systematic Review and Case Illustration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Hai; Sharma, Kanika; Kalakoti, Piyush; Thakur, Jai Deep; Patra, Devi Prasad; Konar, Subhas; Maiti, Tanmoy; Akbarian-Tefaghi, Hesam; Bollam, Papireddy; Notarianni, Christina; Nanda, Anil

    2017-08-01

    Limited or no literature exists identifying factors associated with functional nerve recovery in patients undergoing resection of sixth cranial nerve (CN VI) schwannomas. A systematic review of literature was performed on CN VI schwannomas that were treated surgically. Synthesizing the findings pooled from the literature, we investigated associations of patient demographics and clinical characteristics with postsurgical CN VI functional recovery in multivariable regression models. In addition, we present the findings of an adolescent woman surgically managed for intracavernous CN VI schwannoma. Complete encasement of the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery is unique to our case. We synthesized data of 32 patients from 29 studies, and our index case. Overall, the mean age of the patients was 44.0 ± 16.5 years, and approximately 52% (n = 17) were female. Most tumors were left-sided (n = 18; 54.5%), with an average size of 3.46 ± 1.71 cm. The most common location was cisternal (n = 11; 33%), followed by cavernous sinus (CS) proper (n = 9; 27%), cisterocavernous (n = 8; 24%), orbital (n = 4; 12%) and caverno-orbital (n = 1; 3%). CN VI recovery was reported in less than half the cohort (n = 14; 45%). Tumor extension in the CS was significantly associated with lesser likelihood (odds ratio [OR], 0.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.01-0.98; P = 0.048) of postsurgical CN VI recovery. Although female gender (OR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.07-10.09; P = 0.906), large tumor size (>2.5 cm) (OR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.07-2.89; P = 0.397), and solid consistency (OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.03-4.19; P = 0.421) were associated with lesser odds for recovery, these were not statistically significant. Likewise, although gross total resection (OR, 6.28; 95% CI, 0.33-118.25; P = 0.220) was associated with higher odds of nerve recovery, the estimates were statistically insignificant. CS involvement is associated with lesser odds for functional nerve recovery in patients undergoing

  6. Risk factors for superficial surgical site infection after elective rectal cancer resection: a multivariate analysis of 8880 patients from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutton, Elie; Miyagaki, Hiromichi; Bellini, Geoffrey; Shantha Kumara, H M C; Yan, Xiaohong; Howe, Brett; Feigel, Amanda; Whelan, Richard L

    2017-01-01

    Superficial surgical site infection (sSSI) is one of the most common complications after colorectal resection. The goal of this study was to determine the comorbidities and operative characteristics that place patients at risk for sSSI in patients who underwent rectal cancer resection. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried (via diagnosis and Current Procedural Terminology codes) for patients with rectal cancer who underwent elective resection between 2005 and 2012. Patients for whom data concerning 27 demographic factors, comorbidities, and operative characteristics were available were eligible. A univariate and multivariate analysis was performed to identify possible risk factors for sSSI. A total of 8880 patients met the entry criteria and were included. sSSIs were diagnosed in 861 (9.7%) patients. Univariate analysis found 14 patients statistically significant risk factors for sSSI. Multivariate analysis revealed the following risk factors: male gender, body mass index (BMI) >30, current smoking, history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), American Society of Anesthesiologists III/IV, abdominoperineal resection (APR), stoma formation, open surgery (versus laparoscopic), and operative time >217 min. The greatest difference in sSSI rates was noted in patients with COPD (18.9 versus 9.5%). Of note, 54.2% of sSSIs was noted after hospital discharge. With regard to the timing of presentation, univariate analysis revealed a statistically significant delay in sSSI presentation in patients with the following factors and/or characteristics: BMI Multivariate analysis suggested that only laparoscopic surgery (versus open) and preoperative RT were risk factors for delay. Rectal cancer resections are associated with a high incidence of sSSIs, over half of which are noted after discharge. Nine patient and operative characteristics, including smoking, BMI, COPD, APR, and open surgery were found to be

  7. Pediatric pituitary resection: characterizing surgical approaches and complications.

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    Hanba, Curtis; Svider, Peter F; Shkoukani, Mahdi A; Sheyn, Anthony; Jacob, Jeffrey T; Eloy, Jean Anderson; Folbe, Adam J

    2017-01-01

    Although there has been extensive study evaluating adult pituitary surgery, there has been scant analysis among children. Our objective was to evaluate a population-based resource to characterize nationwide trends in surgical approach, hospital stay, and complications among children undergoing pituitary surgery. The Kids' Inpatient-Database (KID) files (2009/2012) were evaluated for pituitary gland excisions. Procedure, patient demographics, length of inpatient stay, inpatient costs, hospital setting, and surgical complications were analyzed. A weighted incidence of 1071 cases were analyzed; the majority (77.6%) underwent transsphenoidal resections. These patients had significantly decreased hospital costs and lengths of stay. Patients undergoing transfrontal approaches had significantly greater rates of postoperative diabetes insipidus (DI) (66.5%), panhypopituitarism (38.8%), hydrocephalus, and visual deficits. Among transsphenoidal patients, males had greater rates of postoperative hydrocephalus (5.5%) and panhypopituitarism (17.5%) than females, and patients ≤10 years old had greater rates of these 2 complications (14.5%, 19.4%, respectively) as well as DI (61.3%). A greater proportion of children undergo transfrontal approaches for pituitary lesions than in their adult counterparts. This difference may harbor a potential to influence future sellar resection approaches in children toward a transsphenoidal operation when surgically feasible. Patients undergoing transfrontal procedures have greater risks for many intraoperative and postoperative complications relative to individuals undergoing transsphenoidal resections. Among patients undergoing transsphenoidal approaches, males had significantly greater rates of postoperative hydrocephalus and panhypopituitarism, and younger children had greater rates of postoperative DI, hydrocephalus, and panhypopituitarism. These data reinforce the need for greater vigilance in the postoperative care of younger children

  8. Impact of the epidermal growth factor receptor mutation status on the post-recurrence survival of patients with surgically resected non-small-cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takenaka, Tomoyoshi; Takenoyama, Mitsuhiro; Yamaguchi, Masafumi; Toyozawa, Ryo; Inamasu, Eiko; Kojo, Miyako; Toyokawa, Gouji; Yoshida, Tsukihisa; Shiraishi, Yoshimasa; Morodomi, Yosuke; Hirai, Fumihiko; Taguchi, Kenichi; Shimokawa, Mototsugu; Seto, Takashi; Ichinose, Yukito

    2015-03-01

    The impact of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) status and the use of EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) therapy have not been well discussed only in recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The purpose of this study was to identify the prognostic factors associated with post-recurrence survival after surgical resection of NSCLC in terms of the EGFR mutation status and the use of EGFR-TKI therapy. From 2000 through 2011, 1237 consecutive patients with NSCLC underwent pulmonary resection at our institution. Of these patients, 280 experienced postoperative recurrence by the end of 2012. We reviewed the cases of recurrence and analysed the predictors and length of post-recurrence survival. The median post-recurrence survival time and the 5-year survival rate of all patients were 25 months and 20.8%, respectively. A multivariate analysis identified the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS), brain metastasis, number of sites of recurrence and EGFR mutation status to be independent prognostic factors for post-recurrence survival. Among all cases, the median post-recurrence survival time according to the use of EGFR-TKI therapy was as follows: 49 months in the EGFR mutation-positive patients treated with EGFR-TKI therapy, 20 months in the EGFR wild or unknown cases treated with EGFR-TKI therapy and 17 months in the patients not treated with EGFR-TKI therapy. As to EGFR mutation-positive cases, the patients treated with EGFR-TKIs exhibited significantly longer post-recurrence survival time than the patients treated without EGFR-TKIs (49 vs 12 months). It is essential for recurrent NSCLC patients to be examined for the EGFR mutation status. Patients with a positive EGFR mutation status receive significant benefits from EGFR-TKI therapy. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  9. EGFR Mutations in Surgically Resected Fresh Specimens from 697 Consecutive Chinese Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer and Their Relationships with Clinical Features

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    Yuanyang Lai

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available We aimed to reveal the true status of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR mutations in Chinese patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC after lung resections. EGFR mutations of surgically resected fresh tumor samples from 697 Chinese NSCLC patients were analyzed by Amplification Refractory Mutation System (ARMS. Correlations between EGFR mutation hotspots and clinical features were also explored. Of the 697 NSCLC patients, 235 (33.7% patients had tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKIs sensitive EGFR mutations in 41 (14.5% of the 282 squamous carcinomas, 155 (52.9% of the 293 adenocarcinomas, 34 (39.5% of the 86 adenosquamous carcinomas, one (9.1% of the 11 large-cell carcinomas, 2 (11.1% of the 18 sarcomatoid carcinomas, and 2 (28.6% of the 7 mucoepidermoid carcinomas. TKIs sensitive EGFR mutations were more frequently found in female patients (p < 0.001, non-smokers (p = 0.047 and adenocarcinomas (p < 0.001. The rates of exon 19 deletion mutation (19-del, exon 21 L858R point mutation (L858R, exon 21 L861Q point mutation (L861Q, exon 18 G719X point mutations (G719X, including G719C, G719S, G719A were 43.4%, 48.1%, 1.7% and 6.8%, respectively. Exon 20 T790M point mutation (T790M was detected in 3 squamous carcinomas and 3 adenocarcinomas and exon 20 insertion mutation (20-ins was detected in 2 patients with adenocarcinoma. Our results show the rates of EGFR mutations are higher in all types of NSCLC in Chinese patients. 19-del and L858R are two of the more frequent mutations. EGFR mutation detection should be performed as a routine postoperative examination in Chinese NSCLC patients.

  10. Comparison of long-term survival between temozolomide-based chemoradiotherapy and radiotherapy alone for patients with low-grade gliomas after surgical resection

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    Gai XJ

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Xiu-juan Gai,1,2 Yu-mei Wei,2 Heng-min Tao,1,2 Dian-zheng An,2 Jia-teng Sun,1,2 Bao-sheng Li2 1School of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Jinan-Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Radiation Oncology VI, Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China Purpose: This study was designed to compare the survival outcomes of temozolomide-based chemoradiotherapy (TMZ + RT vs radiotherapy alone (RT-alone for low-grade gliomas (LGGs after surgical resection. Patients and methods: In this retrospective analysis, we reviewed postoperative records of 69 patients with LGGs treated with TMZ + RT (n=31 and RT-alone (n=38 at the Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University between June 2011 and December 2013. Patients in the TMZ + RT group were administered 50–100 mg oral TMZ every day until the radiotherapy regimen was completed. Results: The median follow-up since surgery was 33 months and showed no significant intergroup differences (P=0.06. There were statistically significant intergroup differences in the progression-free survival rate (P=0.037, with 83.9% for TMZ-RT group and 60.5% for RT-alone group. The overall 2-year overall survival (OS rate was 89.86%. Age distribution (≥45 years and <45 years and resection margin (complete resection or not were significantly associated with OS (P=0.03 and P=0.004, respectively. Conclusion: Although no differences were found in the 2-year OS between the TMZ + RT and RT-alone groups, there was a trend toward increased 2-year progression-free survival in the TMZ + RT group. With better tolerability, concurrent TMZ chemoradiotherapy may be beneficial for postoperative patients with LGGs. Age distribution and surgical margin are likely potential indicators of disease prognosis. The possible differences in long-term survival between the two groups and the links between

  11. CK19 and Glypican 3 Expression Profiling in the Prognostic Indication for Patients with HCC after Surgical Resection.

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    Jiliang Feng

    Full Text Available This retrospective study was designed to investigate the correlation between a novel immunosubtyping method for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC and biological behavior of tumor cells. A series of 346 patients, who received hepatectomy at two surgical centers from January 2007 to October 2010, were enrolled in this study. The expressions of cytokeratin 19 (CK19, glypican 3 (GPC3, and CD34 were detected by immunohistochemical staining. The clinical stage was assessed using the sixth edition tumor-node-metastasis (TNM system (UICC/AJCC, 2010.Vascular invasion comprised both microscopic and macroscopic invasion. The tumor size, lymph node involvement, and metastasis were determined by pathological as well as imaging studies. Recurrence was defined as the appearance of new lesions with radiological features typical of HCC, seen by at least two imaging methods. Survival curves for the patients were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences between the curves were assessed using the log-rank test. Significant differences in morphology, histological grading, and TNM staging were observed between groups. Based on the immunohistochemical staining, the enrolled cases were divided into CK19+/GPC3+, CK19-/GPC3+ and CK19-/GPC3- three subtypes. CK19+/GPC3+ HCC has the highest risk of multifocality, microvascular invasion, regional lymph node involvement, and distant metastasis, followed by CK19-/GPC3+ HCC, then CK19-/GPC3-HCC. CK19+/GPC3+ HCC has the shortest recurrence time compared to other immunophenotype HCCs. CK19 and GPC3 expression profiling is an independent prognostic indicator in patients with HCC, and a larger sample size is needed to further investigate the effect of this immunosubtyping model in stratifying the outcome of HCC patients.

  12. CK19 and Glypican 3 Expression Profiling in the Prognostic Indication for Patients with HCC after Surgical Resection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chun; Yu, Lu; Cao, Fang; Zhu, Guohua; Chen, Feng; Xia, Hui; Lv, Fudong; Zhang, Shijie; Sun, Lin

    2016-01-01

    This retrospective study was designed to investigate the correlation between a novel immunosubtyping method for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and biological behavior of tumor cells. A series of 346 patients, who received hepatectomy at two surgical centers from January 2007 to October 2010, were enrolled in this study. The expressions of cytokeratin 19 (CK19), glypican 3 (GPC3), and CD34 were detected by immunohistochemical staining. The clinical stage was assessed using the sixth edition tumor–node–metastasis (TNM) system (UICC/AJCC, 2010).Vascular invasion comprised both microscopic and macroscopic invasion. The tumor size, lymph node involvement, and metastasis were determined by pathological as well as imaging studies. Recurrence was defined as the appearance of new lesions with radiological features typical of HCC, seen by at least two imaging methods. Survival curves for the patients were plotted using the Kaplan–Meier method, and differences between the curves were assessed using the log-rank test. Significant differences in morphology, histological grading, and TNM staging were observed between groups. Based on the immunohistochemical staining, the enrolled cases were divided into CK19+/GPC3+, CK19−/GPC3+ and CK19−/GPC3− three subtypes. CK19+/GPC3+ HCC has the highest risk of multifocality, microvascular invasion, regional lymph node involvement, and distant metastasis, followed by CK19−/GPC3+ HCC, then CK19−/GPC3−HCC. CK19+/GPC3+ HCC has the shortest recurrence time compared to other immunophenotype HCCs. CK19 and GPC3 expression profiling is an independent prognostic indicator in patients with HCC, and a larger sample size is needed to further investigate the effect of this immunosubtyping model in stratifying the outcome of HCC patients. PMID:26977595

  13. Surgical resection versus radiofrequency ablation in treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma

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    HE Xiuting

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveTo compare clinical efficacy and recurrence between surgical resection and radiofrequency ablation (RFA in the treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. MethodsThe clinical data of 97 patients with small HCC, who underwent surgical resection or RFA as the initial treatment in The First Hospital of Jilin University from January 2002 to December 2008, were collected. Sixty-three cases, who survived 2 years after treatment, were followed up; of the 63 cases, 34 underwent surgical resection, and 29 underwent RFA. The recurrence of these patients was analyzed retrospectively. The measurement data were analyzed by chi-square test. The Cox regression analysis was used for determining the risk factors for recurrence. The log-rank test was used for disease-free survival (DFS difference analysis. ResultsThe 3-month, 1-year, and 2-year intrahepatic recurrence rates for the patients who underwent surgical resection were 15%, 38%, and 64%, respectively, versus 21%, 35%, and 45% for those who underwent RFA, without significant differences between the two groups of patients. The intrahepatic recurrence after initial treatment was not significantly associated with treatment method, sex, age, Child-Pugh grade, tumor size, number of nodules, presence of cirrhosis, and alpha-fetoprotein level. There was no significant difference in DFS between the two groups of patients. ConclusionRFA produces a comparable outcome to that by surgical resection in the treatment of small HCC. RFA holds promise as a substitute for surgical resection.

  14. Clinical Significance of POU5F1P1 rs10505477 Polymorphism in Chinese Gastric Cancer Patients Receving Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy after Surgical Resection

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    Lili Shen

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate the association between POU class5 homeobox 1 pseudogene 1 gene (POU5F1P1 rs10505477 polymorphism and the prognosis of Chinese gastric cancer patients, who received cisplatin-based chemotherapy after surgical resection. POU5F1P1 rs10505477 was genotyped using the SNaPshot method in 944 gastric cancer patients who received gastrectomy. The association of rs10505477 G > A polymorphism with the progression and prognosis in gastric cancer patients was statistically analyzed using the SPSS version 18.0 for Windows. The results reveal that rs10505477 polymorphism has a negatively effect on the overall survival of gastric cancer patients in cisplatin-based chemotherapy subgroup (HR = 1.764, 95% CI = 1.069–2.911, p = 0.023. Our preliminary study indicates for the first time that POU5F1P1 rs10505477 is correlated with survival of gastric cancer patients who receving cisplatin-based chemotherapy after gastrectomy. Further studies are warranted to investigate the mechanism and to verify our results in different populations.

  15. Haglund Deformity – Surgical Resection by the Lateral Approach

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    S Natarajan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to analyse the outcome of surgical Haglund deformity is a prominence in the postero superolateral aspect of the calcaneum. Haglund deformity is a prominence in the postero superolateral aspect of the calcaneum, causing a painful bursitis, which may be difficult to treat by non-operative measures alone. Various surgical methods are available for effective treatment of refractory Haglund’s deformity. This study is to evaluate whether adequate resection of Haglund deformity by a lateral approach provides good to excellent results. During the period from 2009 to 2012, 40 patients with 46 feet had undergone resection of Haglund deformity using lateral approach and the outcome was analysed using AOFAS Ankle-Hind Foot Scale. The mean AOFAS score at the follow up was 86/100, with the majority of patients reporting alleviation of pain at one year follow up. The lateral approach to calcaneal ostectomy can be an effective treatment for those suffering from refractory Haglund deformity. However, the patient must be made aware of the duration of recovery being long.

  16. Total laparoscopic liver resection in 78 patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Zhang; Ya-Jin Chen; Chang-Zhen Shang; Hong-Wei Zhang; Ze-Jian Huang

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To summarize the clinical experience of laparoscopic hepatectomy at a single center.METHODS: Between November 2003 and March 2009, 78 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma ( n = 39), metastatic liver carcinoma ( n = 10), and benign liver neoplasms ( n = 29) underwent laparoscopic hepatectomy in our unit. A retrospective analysis was done on the clinical outcomes of the 78 patients.RESULTS: The lesions were located in segments Ⅰ ( n = 3), Ⅱ ( n = 16), Ⅲ ( n = 24), Ⅳ ( n = 11), Ⅴ ( n = 11),Ⅵ ( n = 9), and Ⅷ ( n = 4). The lesion sizes ranged from 0.8 to 15 cm. The number of lesions was three ( n = 4),two ( n = 8) and one ( n = 66) in the study cohort. The surgical procedures included left hemi-hepatectomy ( n = 7), left lateral lobectomy ( n = 14), segmentectomy ( n = 11), local resection ( n = 39), and resection of metastatic liver lesions during laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer ( n = 7). Laparoscopic liver resection was successful in all patients, with no conversion to open procedures. Only four patients received blood transfusion (400-800 mL). There were no perioperative complications, such as bleeding and biliary leakage. The liver function of all patients recovered within 1 wk, and no liver failure occurred.CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic hepatectomy is a safe and feasible operation with minimal surgical trauma. It should be performed by a surgeon with sufficient experience in open hepatic resection and who is proficient in laparoscopy.

  17. Outcome Evaluation of Oligometastatic Patients Treated with Surgical Resection Followed by Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiosurgery (HSRS) on the Tumor Bed, for Single, Large Brain Metastases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pessina, Federico; Navarria, Pierina; Cozzi, Luca; Ascolese, Anna Maria; Maggi, Giulia; Riva, Marco; Masci, Giovanna; D’Agostino, Giuseppe; Finocchiaro, Giovanna; Santoro, Armando; Bello, Lorenzo; Scorsetti, Marta

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of a combined treatment, surgery followed by adjuvant hypofractionated stereotactic radiosurgery (HSRS) on the tumor bed, in oligometastatic patients with single, large brain metastasis (BM). Methods and Materials Fom January 2011 to March 2015, 69 patients underwent complete surgical resection followed by HSRS with a total dose of 30Gy in 3 daily fractions. Clinical outcome was evaluated by neurological examination and MRI 2 months after radiotherapy and then every 3 months. Local progression was defined as radiographic increase of the enhancing abnormality in the irradiated volume, and brain distant progression as the presence of new brain metastases or leptomeningeal enhancement outside the irradiated volume. Surgical morbidity and radiation-therapy toxicity, local control (LC), brain distant progression (BDP), and overall survival (OS) were evaluated. Results The median preoperative volume and maximum diameter of BM was 18.5cm3 (range 4.1–64.2cm3) and 3.6cm (range 2.1-5-4cm); the median CTV was 29.0cm3 (range 4.1–203.1cm3) and median PTV was 55.2cm3 (range 17.2–282.9cm3). The median follow-up time was 24 months (range 4–33 months). The 1-and 2-year LC in site of treatment was 100%; the median, 1-and 2-year BDP was 11.9 months, 19.6% and 33.0%; the median, 1-and 2-year OS was 24 months (range 4–33 months), 91.3% and 73.0%. No severe postoperative morbidity or radiation therapy toxicity occurred in our series. Conclusions Multimodal approach, surgery followed by HSRS, can be an effective treatment option for selected patients with single, large brain metastases from different solid tumors. PMID:27348860

  18. Preoperative surgical planning for intracranial meningioma resection by virtual reality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Hai-liang; WANG Dai-jun; ZHU Hong-da; TANG Wei-jun; FENG Xiao-yuan; CHEN Xian-cheng; ZHOU Liang-fu; SUN Hua-ping; GONG Ye; MAO Ying; WU Jing-song; ZHANG Xiao-luo; XIE Qing; XIE Li-qian; ZHENG Ming-zhe

    2012-01-01

    Background The Dextroscope system by Volume Interactions (Singapore) had been applied to minimally invasive neurosurgery in many units.This system enables the neurosurgeon to interact intuitively with the three-dimensional graphics in a direct manner resembling the way one communicates with the real objects.In the paper,we explored its values in pre-operation surgical planning for intracranial meningiomas resection.Methods Brain compuled tomography (CT),magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),and magnetic resonance venography (MRV) were performed on 10 patients with parasagittal and falcine meningiomas located on central groove area; brain CT,MRI and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) were performed on 10 patients with anterior skull base meningiomas and 10 patients with sphenoid ridge meningiomas.All these data were transferred to Dextroscope virtual reality system,and reconstructed.Then meningiomas,skull base,brain tissue,drainage vein and cerebral arteries were displayed within the system,and their anatomic relationships were evaluated.Also,the simulation operations were performed.Results For parasagittal and falcine meningiomas,the relationships of tumor with drainage vein and superior sagittal sinus were clearly displayed in the Dextroscope system.For anterior skull base and sphenoid ridge meningiomas,the relationships of tumor with bilateral internal carotid arteries,anterior cerebral arteries,middle cerebral arteries and skull base were vividly displayed within the virtual reality system.Surgical planning and simulation operation of all cases were performed as well.The real operations of all patients were conducted according to the simulation with well outcomes.Conclusions According to the virtual reality planning,neurosurgeons could get more anatomic information about meningioma and its surrounding structures,especially important vessels,and choose the best approach for tumor resection,which would lead to better prognosis for patients.

  19. Low back pain as the presenting sign in a patient with primary extradural melanoma of the thoracic spine - A metastatic disease 17 Years after complete surgical resection

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    Katalinic Darko

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Primary spinal melanomas are extremely rare lesions. In 1906, Hirschberg reported the first primary spinal melanoma, and since then only 40 new cases have been reported. A 47-year-old man was admitted suffering from low back pain, fatigue and loss of body weight persisting for three months. He had a 17-year-old history of an operated primary spinal melanoma from T7-T9, which had remained stable for these 17 years. Routine laboratory findings and clinical symptoms aroused suspicion of a metastatic disease. Multislice computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed stage-IV melanoma with thoracic, abdominal and skeletal metastases without the recurrence of the primary process. Transiliac crest core bone biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of metastatic melanoma. It is important to know that in all cases of back ore skeletal pain and unexplained weight loss, malignancy must always be considered in the differential diagnosis, especially in the subjects with a positive medical history. Patients who have back, skeletal, or joint pain that is unresponsive to a few weeks of conservative treatment or have known risk factors with or without serious etiology, are candidates for imaging studies. The present case demonstrates that complete surgical resection alone may result in a favourable outcome, but regular medical follow-up for an extended period, with the purpose of an early detection of a metastatic disease, is highly recommended.

  20. Reduction of Pulmonary Function After Surgical Lung Resections of Different Volume

    OpenAIRE

    Cukic, Vesna

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: In recent years an increasing number of lung resections are being done because of the rising prevalence of lung cancer that occurs mainly in patients with limited lung function, what is caused with common etiologic factor - smoking cigarettes. Objective: To determine how big the loss of lung function is after surgical resection of lung of different range. Methods: The study was done on 58 patients operated at the Clinic for thoracic surgery KCU Sarajevo, previously treated at th...

  1. Tim-3 expression by peripheral natural killer cells and natural killer T cells increases in patients with lung cancer--reduction after surgical resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Li-Yun; Chen, Dong-Dong; He, Jian-Ying; Lu, Chang-Chang; Liu, Xiao-Guang; Le, Han-Bo; Wang, Chao-Ye; Zhang, Yong-Kui

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate Tim-3 expression on peripheral CD3-CD56+ natural killer (NK) cells and CD3+CD56+ natural killer T (NKT) cells in lung cancer patients. We analyzed Tim-3+CD3-CD56+ cells, Tim-3+CD3-CD56dim cells, Tim-3+CD3-CD56bright cells, and Tim- 3+CD3+CD56+ cells in fresh peripheral blood from 79 lung cancer cases preoperatively and 53 healthy controls by flow cytometry. Postoperative blood samples were also analyzed from 21 members of the lung cancer patient cohort. It was showed that expression of Tim-3 was significantly increased on CD3-CD56+ cells, CD3- CD56dim cells and CD3+CD56+ cells in lung cancer patients as compared to healthy controls (p=0.03, p=0.03 and p=0.04, respectively). When analyzing Tim-3 expression with cancer progression, results revealed more elevated Tim-3 expression in CD3-CD56+ cells, CD3-CD56dim cells and CD3+CD56+ cells in cases with advanced stages (III/IV) than those with stage I and II (p=0.02, p=0.04 and p=0.01, respectively). In addition, Tim-3 expression was significantly reduced on after surgical resection of the primary tumor (pnatural killer cells from fresh peripheral blood may provide a useful indicator of disease progression of lung cancer. Furthermore, it was indicated that Tim-3 might be as a therapeutic target.

  2. Approach to the medical management of surgically resectable gastric cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesfaye, Anteneh; Marshall, John L; Smaglo, Brandon G

    2016-02-01

    The optimal adjuvant management of patients with resectable gastric cancer remains a therapeutic challenge. Although the benefit of adjuvant therapy for these patients is clearly established, recurrence and mortality rates remain high despite such treatment. Moreover, surgical comorbidities and treatment toxicities result in high rates of failure to complete treatment after surgery. Two divergent approaches to adjuvant treatment have emerged as standard: postoperative chemoradiotherapy and perioperative chemotherapy. Because these approaches have never been compared directly, recommendations for adjuvant treatment require multidisciplinary discussion. During this discussion, the characteristics of the symptoms, the histology, location, and stage of the tumor, and the feasibility of the patient's completing all recommended therapy may be considered. In our own practice, we favor perioperative chemotherapy for patients with asymptomatic, proximal, higher-stage disease and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for patients with symptomatic, distal, lower-stage disease. Herein, we summarize the available data for approaches to the adjuvant treatment of gastric cancer, with special consideration of the characteristics of the patients enrolled in the various studies. We also describe how we developed our paradigm for recommending a particular approach to adjuvant treatment for each patient.

  3. Does surgical resection of hepatocellular carcinoma accelerate cancer dissemination?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    I-Shyan Sheen; Yi-Chun Tsai; Tsu-Yen Wu; Kuo-Shyang Jeng; Shou-Chuan Shih; Po-Chuan Wang; Wen-Hsiung Chang; Horng-Yuan Wang; Li-Rung Shyung; Shee-Chan Lin; Chin-Roa Kao

    2004-01-01

    recurrence (58% vs.39%, P=0.093). The correlation between perioperative hAFP mRNA positivity and recurrence related mortality had no statistical significance (P=0.836).CONCLUSION: From our study, perioperative detection of hAFP mRNA in peripheral blood of patients has no clinical relevance and significant role in the prediction of HCC recurrence. Surgical resection itself may not accelerate cancer dissemination and does not increase postoperative recurrence significantly either.

  4. Prognostic value of MET gene copy number and protein expression in patients with surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer: a meta-analysis of published literatures.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baoping Guo

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of the copy number (GCN and protein expression of the mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET gene for survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC remains controversial. This study aims to comprehensively and quantitatively asses the suitability of MET GCN and protein expression to predict patients' survival. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Google Scholar were searched for articles comparing overall survival in patients with high MET GCN or protein expression with those with low level. Pooled hazard ratio (HR and 95% confidence intervals (CIs were calculated using the random and the fixed-effects models. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were also performed. RESULTS: Eighteen eligible studies enrolling 5,516 patients were identified. Pooled analyses revealed that high MET GCN or protein expression was associated with poor overall survival (OS (GCN: HR = 1.90, 95% CI 1.35-2.68, p<0.001; protein expression: HR = 1.52, 95% CI 1.08-2.15, p = 0.017. In Asian populations (GCN: HR = 2.22, 95% CI 1.46-3.38, p<0.001; protein expression: HR = 1.89, 95% CI 1.34-2.68, p<0.001, but not in the non-Asian subset. For adenocarcinoma, high MET GCN or protein expression indicated decreased OS (GCN: HR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.05-2.10, p = 0.025; protein expression: HR = 1.69, 95% CI 1.31-2.19, p<0.001. Results were similar for multivariate analysis (GCN: HR = 1.61, 95% CI 1.15-2.25, p = 0.005; protein expression: HR = 2.18, 95% CI 1.60-2.97, p<0.001. The results of the sensitivity analysis were not materially altered and did not draw different conclusions. CONCLUSIONS: Increased MET GCN or protein expression was significantly associated with poorer survival in patients with surgically resected NSCLC; this information could potentially further stratify patients in clinical treatment.

  5. Haglund Deformity – Surgical Resection by the Lateral Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Natarajan, S; VL Narayanan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyse the outcome of surgical Haglund deformity is a prominence in the postero superolateral aspect of the calcaneum. Haglund deformity is a prominence in the postero superolateral aspect of the calcaneum, causing a painful bursitis, which may be difficult to treat by non-operative measures alone. Various surgical methods are available for effective treatment of refractory Haglund’s deformity. This study is to evaluate whether adequate resection of Haglund de...

  6. Improving Surgical Resection of Metastatic Liver Tumors With Near-Infrared Optical-Guided Fluorescence Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barabino, Gabriele; Porcheron, Jack; Cottier, Michèle; Cuilleron, Muriel; Coutard, Jean-Guillaume; Berger, Michel; Molliex, Serge; Beauchesne, Brigitte; Phelip, Jean Marc; Grichine, Alexei; Coll, Jean-Luc

    2016-08-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and future clinical applications of near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging to guide liver resection surgery for metastatic cancer to improve resection margins. Summary Background Data A subset of patients with metastatic hepatic tumors can be cured by surgery. The degree of long-term and disease-free survival is related to the quality of surgery, with the best resection defined as "R0" (complete removal of all tumor cells, as evidenced by microscopic examination of the margins). Although intraoperative ultrasonography can evaluate the surgical margins, surgeons need a new tool to perfect the surgical outcome. Methods A preliminary study was performed on 3 patients. We used NIR imaging postoperatively "ex vivo" on the resected liver tissue. The liver tumors were preoperatively labelled by intravenously injecting the patient with indocyanine green (ICG), a NIR fluorescent agent (24 hours before surgery, 0.25 mg/kg). Fluorescent images were obtained using a miniaturized fluorescence imaging system (FluoStic, Fluoptics, Grenoble, France). Results After liver resection, the surgical specimens from each patient were sliced into 10-mm sections in the operating room and analyzed with the FluoStic. All metastatic tumors presented rim-type fluorescence. Two specimens had incomplete rim fluorescence. The pathologist confirmed the presence of R1 margins (microscopic residual resection), even though the ultrasonographic analysis indicated that the result was R0. Conclusions Surgical liver resection guided by NIR fluorescence can help detect potentially uncertain anatomical areas that may be missed by preoperative imaging and by ultrasonography during surgery. These preliminary results will need to be confirmed in a larger prospective patient series.

  7. Computational fluid dynamics as surgical planning tool: a pilot study on middle turbinate resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Kai; Malhotra, Prashant; Rosen, David; Dalton, Pamela; Pribitkin, Edmund A

    2014-11-01

    Controversies exist regarding the resection or preservation of the middle turbinate (MT) during functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Any MT resection will perturb nasal airflow and may affect the mucociliary dynamics of the osteomeatal complex. Neither rhinometry nor computed tomography (CT) can adequately quantify nasal airflow pattern changes following surgery. This study explores the feasibility of assessing changes in nasal airflow dynamics following partial MT resection using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques. We retrospectively converted the pre- and postoperative CT scans of a patient who underwent isolated partial MT concha bullosa resection into anatomically accurate three-dimensional numerical nasal models. Pre- and postsurgery nasal airflow simulations showed that the partial MT resection resulted in a shift of regional airflow towards the area of MT removal with a resultant decreased airflow velocity, decreased wall shear stress and increased local air pressure. However, the resection did not strongly affect the overall nasal airflow patterns, flow distributions in other areas of the nose, nor the odorant uptake rate to the olfactory cleft mucosa. Moreover, CFD predicted the patient's failure to perceive an improvement in his unilateral nasal obstruction following surgery. Accordingly, CFD techniques can be used to predict changes in nasal airflow dynamics following partial MT resection. However, the functional implications of this analysis await further clinical studies. Nevertheless, such techniques may potentially provide a quantitative evaluation of surgical effectiveness and may prove useful in preoperatively modeling the effects of surgical interventions.

  8. Neoadjuvant therapy and surgical resection for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meko, J; Rusch, V W

    2000-10-01

    During the past 15 years, treatment of stage IIIA (N2) non-small cell lung cancer has evolved considerably because of improvements in patients selection, staging, and combined modality therapy. Results of several clinical trials suggest that induction chemotherapy or chemoradiation and surgical resection is superior to surgery alone. However, the optimal induction regimen has not been defined. An intergroup trial is also underway to determine whether chemoradiation and surgical resection leads to better survival than chemotherapy and radiation alone. Future studies will assess ways to combine radiation and novel chemotherapeutic agents, and will identify molecular abnormalities that predict response to induction therapy.

  9. Improving Outcomes with Surgical Resection and Other Ablative Therapies in HCC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahul Deshpande

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available With rising incidence and emergence of effective treatment options, the management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is a complex multidisciplinary process. There is still little consensus and uniformity about clinicopathological staging systems. Resection and liver transplantation have been the cornerstone of curative surgical treatments with recent emergence of ablative techniques. Improvements in diagnostics, surgical techniques, and postoperative care have lead to dramatically improved results over the years. The most appropriate treatment plan has to be individualised and depends on a variety of patient and tumour-related factors. Very small HCCs discovered on surveillance have the best outcomes. Patients with advanced cirrhosis and tumours within Milan criteria should be offered transplantation. Resection is best for small solitary tumours with preserved liver function. Ablative techniques are suitable for low volume tumours in patients unfit for either resection or transplantation. The role of downstaging and bridging therapy is not clearly established.

  10. A projective surgical navigation system for cancer resection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Qi; Shao, Pengfei; Wang, Dong; Ye, Jian; Zhang, Zeshu; Wang, Xinrui; Xu, Ronald

    2016-03-01

    Near infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging technique can provide precise and real-time information about tumor location during a cancer resection surgery. However, many intraoperative fluorescence imaging systems are based on wearable devices or stand-alone displays, leading to distraction of the surgeons and suboptimal outcome. To overcome these limitations, we design a projective fluorescence imaging system for surgical navigation. The system consists of a LED excitation light source, a monochromatic CCD camera, a host computer, a mini projector and a CMOS camera. A software program is written by C++ to call OpenCV functions for calibrating and correcting fluorescence images captured by the CCD camera upon excitation illumination of the LED source. The images are projected back to the surgical field by the mini projector. Imaging performance of this projective navigation system is characterized in a tumor simulating phantom. Image-guided surgical resection is demonstrated in an ex-vivo chicken tissue model. In all the experiments, the projected images by the projector match well with the locations of fluorescence emission. Our experimental results indicate that the proposed projective navigation system can be a powerful tool for pre-operative surgical planning, intraoperative surgical guidance, and postoperative assessment of surgical outcome. We have integrated the optoelectronic elements into a compact and miniaturized system in preparation for further clinical validation.

  11. Prognostic analysis of patients with thymoma after resection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛志强; 王如文; 蒋耀光

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To explore the prognostic factors influencing the long-term survival rate of thymoma after resection. Methods: Sixty-nine patients with thymoma surgically treated in our department from 1973 to 2000 were retrospectively studied. The possible prognostic factors were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate analysis with Kaplan-Meiter method and Cox proportional hazard model respectively. Results: Overall patients survival rates were 83.3%, 67.4%, 48.3% at 5, 10, 15 years. The significant prognostic factors (P<0.05) demonstrated by univariate analysis included age, Masaoka staging, WHO histological classification, resection method and Rosai/Levine classification. According to multivariate analysis, the independent prognostic factors included Masaoka stage (P<0.01), resection method (P<0.05) and age (P<0.05). Conclusion: Complete surgical resection of thymomas helps increase the long-term survival rate.

  12. Extent of surgical resection predicts seizure freedom in low-grade temporal lobe brain tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englot, Dario J; Han, Seunggu J; Berger, Mitchel S; Barbaro, Nicholas M; Chang, Edward F

    2012-04-01

    Achieving seizure control in patients with low-grade temporal lobe gliomas or glioneuronal tumors remains highly underappreciated, because seizures are the most frequent presenting symptom and significantly impact patient quality-of-life. To assess how the extent of temporal lobe resection influences seizure outcome. We performed a quantitative, comprehensive systematic literature review of seizure control outcomes in 1181 patients with epilepsy across 41 studies after surgical resection of low-grade temporal lobe gliomas and glioneuronal tumors. We measured seizure-freedom rates after subtotal resection vs gross-total lesionectomy alone vs tailored resection, including gross-total lesionectomy with hippocampectomy and/or anterior temporal lobe corticectomy. Included studies were observational case series, and no randomized, controlled trials were identified. Although only 43% of patients were seizure-free after subtotal tumor resection, 79% of individuals were seizure-free after gross-total lesionectomy (OR = 5.00, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.33-7.14). Furthermore, tailored resection with hippocampectomy plus corticectomy conferred additional benefit over gross-total lesionectomy alone, with 87% of patients achieving seizure freedom (OR = 1.82, 95% CI: 1.23-2.70). Overall, extended resection with hippocampectomy and/or corticectomy over gross-total lesionectomy alone significantly predicted seizure freedom (OR = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.11-1.26). Age seizure outcome. Gross-total lesionectomy of low-grade temporal lobe tumors results in significantly improved seizure control over subtotal resection. Additional tailored resection including the hippocampus and/or adjacent cortex may further improve seizure control, suggesting dual pathology may sometimes allow continued seizures after lesional excision.

  13. Recent technological developments: in situ histopathological interrogation of surgical tissues and resection margins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Upile Tahwinder

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives The tumour margin is an important surgical concept significantly affecting patient morbidity and mortality. We aimed in this prospective study to apply the microendoscope on tissue margins from patients undergoing surgery for oral cancer in vivo and ex vivo and compare it to the gold standard "paraffin wax", inter-observer agreement was measured; also to present the surgical pathologist with a practical guide to the every day use of the microendoscope both in the clinical and surgical fields. Materials and methods Forty patients undergoing resection of oral squamous cell carcinoma were recruited. The surgical margin was first marked by the operator followed by microendoscopic assessment. Biopsies were taken from areas suggestive of close or positive margins after microendoscopic examination. These histological samples were later scrutinized formally and the resection margins revisited accordingly when necessary. Results Using the microendoscope we report our experience in the determination of surgical margins at operation and later comparison with frozen section and paraffin section margins "gold standard". We were able to obtain a sensitivity of 95% and a specificity of 90%. Inter-observer Kappa scores comparing the microendoscope with formal histological analysis of normal and abnormal mucosa were 0.85. Conclusion The advantage of this technique is that a large area of mucosa can be sampled and any histomorphological changes can be visualized in real time allowing the operator to make important informed decisions with regards the intra-operative resection margin at the time of the surgery.

  14. Surgical resection without dural reconstruction of a lumbar meningioma in an elderly woman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Jun; Kato, Hiroyuki; Ebara, Sohei; Takahashi, Hideto

    2009-01-01

    Meningiomas of the spine occur in the thoracic spine in approximately 80%, followed in frequency by the cervical and lumbar regions. The treatment of spinal meningiomas is complete surgical resection. As intraspinal meningiomas are almost always adherent to the dura, extensive dural resection or diathermic treatment of the dural attachment is usually performed to prevent tumor recurrence. The authors present the case of lumbar spinal meningioma in 82-year-old woman. Successful resection with preservation of the dura mater using the technique of Saito et al. (Spine 26:1805-1808, 2001) is described: After lumbar laminectomy a small incision was made in the surface of the spinal dura. The dura mater was separated into its inner and outer layers, and the tumor was resected with inner layer alone, preserving the outer layer. The outer layer is simply closed to achieve a watertight seal. The pathologic diagnosis was metaplastic (osseous) meningioma. Almost full recovery of the neurologic deficit was attained. Neither complication nor tumor recurrence has occurred in the 5 years since surgery. Dural preservation during surgical resection of spinal meningioma obviates the need for dural reconstruction and should reduce surgical morbidity. However, the patient should be followed long-term to watch for recurrence. PMID:19219468

  15. Tissue expander placement and adjuvant radiotherapy after surgical resection of retroperitoneal liposarcoma offers improved local control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hyojun; Lee, Sanghoon; Kim, BoKyong; Lim, Do Hoon; Choi, Yoon-La; Choi, Gyu Seong; Kim, Jong Man; Park, Jae Berm; Kwon, Choon Hyuck David; Joh, Jae-Won; Kim, Sung Joo

    2016-08-01

    Given that retroperitoneal liposarcoma (LPS) is extremely difficult to completely resect, and has a relatively high rate of recurrence, radiotherapy (RT) is the treatment of choice after surgical resection. However, it is difficult to obtain a sufficient radiation field because of the close proximity of surrounding organs. We introduce the use of tissue expanders (TEs) after LPS resection in an attempt to secure a sufficient radiation field and to improve recurrence-free survival.This study is a retrospective review of 53 patients who underwent surgical resection of LPS at Samsung Medical Center between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2012, and had no residual tumor detected 2 months postoperatively. The median follow-up period was 38.9 months.Patients were divided into 3 groups. Those in group 1 (n = 17) had TE inserted and received postoperative RT. The patients in group 2 (n = 9) did not have TE inserted and received postoperative RT. Finally, those in group 3 (n = 27) did not receive postoperative RT. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify the risk factors associated with recurrence-free survival within 3 years. Younger age, history of LPS treatment, and RT after TE insertion (group 1 vs group 2 or 3) were significantly favorable factors influencing 3-year recurrence-free survival.TE insertion after LPS resection is associated with increased 3-year recurrence-free survival, most likely because it allows effective delivery of postoperative RT.

  16. Surgical resection of adrenal metastasis from primary liver tumors:a report of two cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Durgatosh Pandey; Kai-Chah Tan

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Although the treatment of extrahepatic metastases from primary liver tumors is essentially palliative, solitary metastasis from such tumors offers a possibility of cure by surgical resection. The adrenal gland is an uncommon site for metastasis from primary liver tumors. METHOD: We report two cases of adrenalectomy for solitary adrenal metastasis: one from intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and the other from hepatocellular carcinoma. RESULTS: The patient with intrahepatic cholangiocar-cinoma had a synchronous adrenal metastasis and underwent simultaneous liver resection and adrenalectomy. However, he developed recurrent disease 17 months following surgery for which he is presently on palliative chemotherapy. The other patient underwent adrenalectomy for adrenal metastasis 3 months following liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. He is presently alive and disease-free 27 months after adrenalectomy. CONCLUSION: Carefully selected patients with solitary metastasis from primary liver tumors may be considered for resection.

  17. Surgical Resection for Hepatoblastoma-Updated Survival Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunil, Bhanu Jayanand; Palaniappan, Ravisankar; Venkitaraman, Balasubramanian; Ranganathan, Rama

    2017-09-30

    Hepatoblastoma is the most common liver malignancy in the pediatric age group. The management of hepatoblastoma involves multidisciplinary approach. Patients with hepatoblastoma who underwent liver resection between 2000 and 2013 were analyzed and survival outcomes were studied. The crude incidence rate of hepatoblastoma at the Madras Metropolitan Tumor Registry (MMTR) is 0.4/1,00,000 population per year. Twelve patients underwent liver resection for hepatoblastoma during the study period; this included eight males and four females. The median age at presentation was 1.75 years (Range 5 months to 3 years). The median serum AFP in the study population was 20,000 ng/ml (Range 4.5 to 1,40,000 ng/ml). Three patients had stage I, one patient had stage II, and eight patients had stage III disease as per the PRETEXT staging system. Two patients were categorized as high risk and ten patients were categorized as standard risk. Seven of these patients received two to four cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (PLADO regimen), and one patient received neoadjuvant radiation up to 84 Gy. Major liver resection was performed in nine patients. Nine patients received adjuvant chemotherapy. The most common histological subtype was embryonal type. Microscopic margin was positive in three cases. One patient recurred 7 months after surgery and the site of failure was the lung. The 5-year overall survival of the case series was 91%. The median survival was 120 months. Liver resections can be safely performed in pediatric populations after neoadjuvant treatment. Patients undergoing surgery had good disease control and long-term survival.

  18. Post-recurrence survival of elderly patients 75 years of age or older with surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takenaka, Tomoyoshi; Inamasu, Eiko; Yoshida, Tsukihisa; Toyokawa, Gouji; Nosaki, Kaname; Hirai, Fumihiko; Yamaguchi, Masafumi; Seto, Takashi; Takenoyama, Mitsuhiro; Ichinose, Yukito

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of elderly patients 75 years of age or older with recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 1237 consecutive patients with NSCLC underwent pulmonary resection at our institution. Of these patients, 280 experienced postoperative recurrence. The rate of the post-recurrence survival and predictors were analyzed independently in a group of younger patients (recurrence. The median post-recurrence survival time and the five-year survival rate of all cases were 25 months and 20.8%, respectively. There were no significant survival differences between the younger and elderly groups (p = 0.20). A univariate analysis determined that gender, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, smoking status, histological type and epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status were factors influencing the post-recurrence survival among the elderly patients. In addition, a multivariate analysis determined the EGFR mutation status to be an independent prognostic factor for the post-recurrence survival. Elderly patients 75 years of age or older in this study achieved satisfactory long-term outcomes.

  19. Extended surgical resections of advanced thymoma Masaoka stages III and IVa facilitate outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ried, Michael; Potzger, Tobias; Sziklavari, Zsolt; Diez, Claudius; Neu, Reiner; Schalke, Berthold; Hofmann, Hans-Stefan

    2014-03-01

    Extended thymoma resections including adjacent structures and pleurectomy/decortication (P/D) with hyperthermic intrathoracic chemotherapy (HITHOC) perfusion were performed in a multidisciplinary treatment regime. Between July 2000 and February 2012, 22 patients with Masaoka stage III (n = 9; 41%) and Masaoka stage IVa (n = 13; 59%) thymic tumors were included. Mean age was 55 years (25-84 years) and 50% (11 out of 22) of patients were female. World Health Organization histological classification was as follows: B2 (n = 15), A (n = 1), B1 (n = 1), B3 (n = 2), and thymic carcinoma (C; n = 3). Radical thymectomy and partial resection of the mediastinal pleura and pericardium were performed. Of the 13, 9 patients with pleural involvement (stage IVa) received radical P/D followed by HITHOC (cisplatin). Macroscopic complete resection (R0/R1) was achieved in 19 (86%) patients. All patients received multimodality treatment depending on tumor stage, histology, and completeness of resection. Thirty-day mortality was 0% and three (13.6%) patients needed operative revision. Recurrence of thymoma was documented in five (22.7%) patients (stage III, n = 1; stage IVa, n = 4). Mean disease-free interval of patients with complete resection (n = 14 out of 22) was 30.2 months. After a mean follow-up of 29 months, 18 out of the 22 (82%) patients are alive. After P/D and HITHOC, 89% (8 out of 9 patients) are alive (current median survival is 25 months) without recurrence. Extended surgical resection of advanced thymic tumors infiltrating adjacent structures (stage III) or with pleural metastases (stage IVa) is safe and feasible. It provides a low recurrence rate and an acceptable survival. Additional HITHOC in patients with pleural thymoma spread seems to offer a better local tumor control. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  20. Changes of Arterial Blood Gases After Different Ranges of Surgical Lung Resection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cukic, Vesna; Lovre, Vladimir

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: In recent years there has been increase in the number of patients who need thoracic surgery – first of all different types of pulmonary resection because of primary bronchial cancer, and very often among patients whose lung function is impaired due to different degree of bronchial obstruction so it is necessary to assess functional status before and after lung surgery to avoid the development of respiratory insufficiency. Objective: To show the changes in the level of arterial blood gases after various ranges of lung resection. Material and methods: The study was done on 71 patients surgically treated at the Clinic for Thoracic Surgery KCU Sarajevo, who were previously treated at the Clinic for Pulmonary Diseases “Podhrastovi” in the period from 01. 06. 2009. to 01. 09. 2011. Different types of lung resection were made. Patients whose percentage of ppoFEV1 was (prognosed postoperative FEV1) was less than 30% of normal values of FEV1 for that patients were not given a permission for lung resection. We monitored the changes in levels-partial pressures of blood gases (PaO2, PaCO2 and SaO2) one and two months after resection and compared them to preoperative values. As there were no significant differences between the values obtained one and two months after surgery, in the results we showed arterial blood gas analysis obtained two months after surgical resection. Results were statistically analyzed by SPSS and Microsoft Office Excel. Statistical significance was determined at an interval of 95%. Results: In 59 patients (83%) there was an increase, and in 12 patients (17%) there was a decrease of PaO2, compared to preoperative values. In 58 patients (82%) there was a decrease, and in 13 patients (18%) there was an increase in PaCO2, compared to preoperative values. For all subjects (group as whole): The value of the PaO2 was significantly increased after lung surgery compared to preoperative values (p <0.05) so is the value of the SaO2%. The value

  1. Varying recurrence rates and risk factors associated with different definitions of local recurrence in patients with surgically resected, stage I nonsmall cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varlotto, John M; Recht, Abram; Flickinger, John C; Medford-Davis, Laura N; Dyer, Anne-Marie; DeCamp, Malcolm M

    2010-05-15

    The objective of this study was to examine the effects of different definitions of local recurrence on the reported patterns of failure and associated risk factors in patients who undergo potentially curative resection for stage I nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The study included 306 consecutive patients who were treated from 2000 to 2005 without radiotherapy. Local recurrence was defined either as 'radiation' (r-LR) (according to previously defined postoperative radiotherapy fields), including the bronchial stump, staple line, ipsilateral hilum, and ipsilateral mediastinum; or as 'comprehensive' (c-LR), including the same sites plus the ipsilateral lung and contralateral mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. All recurrences that were not classified as "local" were considered to be distal. The median follow-up was 33 months. The proportions of c-LR and r-LR at 2 years, 3 years, and 5 years were 14%, 21%, and 29%, respectively, and 7%, 12%, and 16%, respectively. Significant risk factors for c-LR on multivariate analysis were diabetes, lymphatic vascular invasion, and tumor size; and significant factors for r-LR were resection of less than a lobe and lymphatic vascular invasion. The proportions of distant (non-local) recurrence using these definitions at 2 years, 3 years, and 5 years were 10%, 12%, and 18%, respectively, and 14%, 19%, and 29%, respectively. Significant risk factors for distant failure were histology when using the c-LR definition and tumor size when using the r-LR definition. Local recurrence increased nearly 2-fold when a broad definition was used instead of a narrow definition. The definition also affected which factors were associated significantly with both local and distant failure on multivariate analysis. Comparable definitions must be used when analyzing different series. (c) 2010 American Cancer Society.

  2. Enteroclysis CT and PEG-CT in patients with previous small-bowel surgical resection for Crohn's disease: CT findings and correlation with endoscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Minordi, Laura Maria; Vecchioli, Amorino; Poloni, Giuliana; Bonomo, Lorenzo [Radiology Institute, UCSC, Department of Bio-Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Rome (Italy); Guidi, Luisa; De Vitis, Italo [Catholic University (UCSC), Gastrointestinal Department, Complesso Integrato Columbus, Rome (Italy)

    2009-10-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of multidetector CT in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) relapse after ileocolic resection compared with endoscopy. Thirty-four patients were studied by endoscopy and multidetector CT, after oral administration of polyethylene glycol solution (n = 21) or after administration of methylcellulose via nasojejunal tube (n = 13). In CT examinations we evaluated the presence of mural thickening, target sign, perienteric stranding, comb sign, fibrofatty proliferation and complications. Endoscopic results were classified in accordance with Rutgeerts score (from 0 to 4). The statistical evaluations were carried out by using Fisher's exact text and {chi} {sup 2} testing (p < 0.05, statistically significant difference). Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the CT were 96.9%, 100% and 97%, respectively. We found a statistically significant correlation between an endoscopic score of 4 and the CT signs of target sign, perienteric stranding, comb sign and fibrofatty proliferation, and between scores 1 and 2 and mucosal hyperdensity without or with mural thickening, respectively (p < 0.05). Moreover, only CT identified the presence of jejunal and proximal ileum disease in two and three patients, respectively, and fistulas in three patients. CT is a reliable method in the diagnosis of CD relapse and shows agreement with the approved endoscopic Rutgeerts score. (orig.)

  3. Resection of ictal high-frequency oscillations leads to favorable surgical outcome in pediatric epilepsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujiwara, Hisako; Greiner, Hansel M.; Lee, Ki Hyeong; Holland-Bouley, Katherine D.; Seo, Joo Hee; Arthur, Todd; Mangano, Francesco T.; Leach, James L.; Rose, Douglas F.

    2012-01-01

    Summary Purpose Intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) is performed as part of an epilepsy surgery evaluation when noninvasive tests are incongruent or the putative seizure-onset zone is near eloquent cortex. Determining the seizure-onset zone using intracranial EEG has been conventionally based on identification of specific ictal patterns with visual inspection. High-frequency oscillations (HFOs, >80 Hz) have been recognized recently as highly correlated with the epileptogenic zone. However, HFOs can be difficult to detect because of their low amplitude. Therefore, the prevalence of ictal HFOs and their role in localization of epileptogenic zone on intracranial EEG are unknown. Methods We identified 48 patients who underwent surgical treatment after the surgical evaluation with intracranial EEG, and 44 patients met criteria for this retrospective study. Results were not used in surgical decision making. Intracranial EEG recordings were collected with a sampling rate of 2,000 Hz. Recordings were first inspected visually to determine ictal onset and then analyzed further with time-frequency analysis. Forty-one (93%) of 44 patients had ictal HFOs determined with time-frequency analysis of intracranial EEG. Key Findings Twenty-two (54%) of the 41 patients with ictal HFOs had complete resection of HFO regions, regardless of frequency bands. Complete resection of HFOs (n = 22) resulted in a seizure-free outcome in 18 (82%) of 22 patients, significantly higher than the seizure-free outcome with incomplete HFO resection (4/19, 21%). Significance Our study shows that ictal HFOs are commonly found with intracranial EEG in our population largely of children with cortical dysplasia, and have localizing value. The use of ictal HFOs may add more promising information compared to interictal HFOs because of the evidence of ictal propagation and followed by clinical aspect of seizures. Complete resection of HFOs is a favorable prognostic indicator for surgical outcome. PMID

  4. Long-term follow-up of surgical resection of microcystic meningiomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalani, M Yashar S; Cavallo, Claudio; Coons, Stephen W; Lettieri, Salvatore C; Nakaji, Peter; Porter, Randall W; Spetzler, Robert F; Feiz-Erfan, Iman

    2015-04-01

    Microcystic meningioma is a rare tumor with myxoid and microcystic features. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of surgical resection of microcystic meningioma. Between December 1985 and October 2000 we treated 25 microcystic meningioma patients with surgical resection. We retrospectively analyzed the results including the long-term follow-up of this patient population. We identified 15 women and 10 men with a mean age of 53.8 years (24-76 years) who had microcystic meningiomas treated with surgery. Based on the Simpson grade, we found four Grade I (16%), 16 Grade II (64%), three Grade III (12%) and two Grade IV (8%) resections. The mean preoperative Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score was 80.3 (range 60-100). The mean postoperative KPS score was 90.4 (range 60-100). At a mean follow-up of 101.7 months (range 16-221) the KPS score improved to a mean of 93.8. The recurrence/progression free survival (RFS/PFS) rates at 3 and 5 years were 96% and 88%, respectively. The 3 and 5 year RFS/PFS rates based on the Simpson grade were evaluated. The 3 year RFS/PFS rates for Grade I, II, III and IV were 100%, 100%, 66.6% and 100%, respectively. The 5 year RFS/PFS rates were 66.6%, 90%, 66.6% and 100%, respectively. Microcystic meningioma is a rare tumor, which is characterized by extracellular microcystic spaces filled by edematous fluid and peritumoral edema. Following surgical resection these tumors have a positive prognosis with a benign course. The surgical outcomes seem to be associated with the risks related to the surgical procedure. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Endovascular embolization prior to surgical resection of symptomatic intralobar pulmonary sequestration in an adult

    OpenAIRE

    Jernej Avsenik; Tomaž Štupnik; Peter Popovič

    2015-01-01

    Intralobar pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital malformation, conventionally managed by surgical resection. Recently, the endovascular embolization has been proposed for the definite treatment of this disease. Additionally, preoperative embolization of aberrant arteries to minimize the risk of serious intraoperative haemorrhage has also been described. We report the case of 43-year old female patient who presented with cough and haemoptysis, and was successfully treated with endovascu...

  6. Reduction of Pulmonary Function After Surgical Lung Resections of Different Volume

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cukic, Vesna

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: In recent years an increasing number of lung resections are being done because of the rising prevalence of lung cancer that occurs mainly in patients with limited lung function, what is caused with common etiologic factor - smoking cigarettes. Objective: To determine how big the loss of lung function is after surgical resection of lung of different range. Methods: The study was done on 58 patients operated at the Clinic for thoracic surgery KCU Sarajevo, previously treated at the Clinic for pulmonary diseases “Podhrastovi” in the period from 01.06.2012. to 01.06.2014. The following resections were done: pulmectomy (left, right), lobectomy (upper, lower: left and right). The values of postoperative pulmonary function were compared with preoperative ones. As a parameter of lung function we used FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in one second), and changes in FEV1 are expressed in liters and in percentage of the recorded preoperative and normal values of FEV1. Measurements of lung function were performed seven days before and 2 months after surgery. Results: Postoperative FEV1 was decreased compared to preoperative values. After pulmectomy the maximum reduction of FEV1 was 44%, and after lobectomy it was 22% of the preoperative values. Conclusion: Patients with airway obstruction are limited in their daily life before the surgery, and an additional loss of lung tissue after resection contributes to their inability. Potential benefits of lung resection surgery should be balanced in relation to postoperative morbidity and mortality. PMID:25568542

  7. Abdominoperineal Resection, Pelvic Exenteration, and Additional Organ Resection Increase the Risk of Surgical Site Infection after Elective Colorectal Surgery: An American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwaan, Mary R; Melton, Genevieve B; Madoff, Robert D; Chipman, Jeffrey G

    2015-12-01

    Determining predictors of surgical site infection (SSI) in a large cohort is important for the design of accurate SSI surveillance programs. We hypothesized that additional organ resection and pelvic exenterative procedures are associated independently with a higher risk of SSI. Patients in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program® (ACS NSQIP®; American College of Surgeons, Chicago, IL) database (2005-2012) were identified (n=112,282). Surgical site infection (superficial or deep SSI) at 30 d was the primary outcome. Using primary and secondary CPT® codes (American Medical Association, Chicago, IL) pelvic exenteration was defined and additional organ resection was defined as: bladder resection/repair, hysterectomy, partial vaginectomy, additional segmental colectomy, small bowel, gastric, or diaphragm resection. Univariable analysis of patient and procedure factors identified significant (p40 (OR: 2.51), pulmonary comorbidities (OR: 1.22), smoking (OR: 1.24), bowel obstruction (OR: 1.40), wound classification 3 or 4 (OR: 1.18), and abdominoperineal resection (OR: 1.58). Laparoscopic or laparoscopically assisted procedures offered a protective effect against incision infection (OR: 0.55). Additional organ resection (OR: 1.08) was also associated independently with SSI, but the magnitude of the effect was decreased after accounting for operative duration. In the analysis that excludes operative duration, pelvic exenteration is associated with SSI (OR: 1.38), but incorporating operative duration into the model results in this variable becoming non-significant. In addition to other factors, obesity, surgery for bowel obstruction, abdominoperineal resection, and additional organ resection are independently associated with a higher risk of SSI. Surgical site infection risk in pelvic exenteration and multiple organ resection cases appears to be mediated by prolonged operative duration. In these established high-risk sub-groups of

  8. Five-year survival analysis of surgically resected gastric cancer cases in Japan: a retrospective analysis of more than 100,000 patients from the nationwide registry of the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association (2001-2007).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katai, Hitoshi; Ishikawa, Takashi; Akazawa, Kohei; Isobe, Yoh; Miyashiro, Isao; Oda, Ichiro; Tsujitani, Shunichi; Ono, Hiroyuki; Tanabe, Satoshi; Fukagawa, Takeo; Nunobe, Souya; Kakeji, Yoshihiro; Nashimoto, Atsushi

    2017-04-17

    The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the tumor characteristics, surgical details, and survival distribution of surgically resected cases of gastric cancer from the nationwide registry of the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association. Data from 118,367 patients with primary gastric carcinoma who underwent resection between 2001 and 2007 were included in the survival analyses. The 5-year survival rates were calculated for various subsets of prognostic factors. The median age of the patients was 67 years. The proportions of patients with pathological stage (Japanese Gastric Cancer Association) IA, IB, II, IIIA, IIIB, and IV disease were 44.0%, 14.7%, 11.7%, 9.5%, 5.0%, and 12.4% respectively. The death rate within 30 days of operation was 0.5%. The 5-year overall survival rate in the 118,367 patients who were treated by resection was 71.1%. The 5-year overall survival rates of patients with pathological stage IA, IB, II, IIIA, IIIB, and IV disease were 91.5%, 83.6%, 70.6%, 53.6%, 34.8%, and 16.4% respectively. The 5-year disease-specific survival rates in the patients with pT1 (mucosa) disease after D1+ dissection of lymph node station no. 7 (D1 + α), D1+ dissection of lymph node station nos. 7, 8, and 9 (D1+ β), and D2 lymphadenectomy were 99.4%, 99.6%, and 99.1% respectively. The 5-year disease-specific survival rates in the patients with pT1 (submucosa) disease after D1 + α, D1 + β, and D2 lymphadenectomy were 97.3%, 98.1%, and 96.9% respectively. Detailed analyses of the data from more than 100,000 patients show the recent trends of the outcomes of gastric cancer treatment in Japan and provide baseline information for use by medical communities around world.

  9. Clinicoradiological outcomes of 33 cases of surgically resected pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma: correlation with prognostic indicators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishida, Akifumi; Ashizawa, Kazuto [Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Clinical Oncology, Unit of Translational Medicine, Nagasaki (Japan); Abiru, Hajime [Saga National Hospital, Department of Radiology, Saga (Japan); Hayashi, Hideyuki; Uetani, Masataka [Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Radiological Science, Nagasaki (Japan); Matsumoto, Keitaro; Tsuchiya, Tomoshi; Yamasaki, Naoya; Nagayasu, Takeshi [Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Surgical Oncology, Nagasaki (Japan); Hayashi, Tomayoshi [Nagasaki Prefectural Shimabara Hospital, Department of Pathology, Shimabara (Japan); Kinoshita, Naoe [Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Pathology, Nagasaki (Japan); Honda, Sumihisa [Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Public Health, Nagasaki (Japan)

    2016-01-15

    To retrospectively review the clinical, radiological and pathological data in patients who underwent surgical resection for pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma (PC), and to analyse the prognostic predictors of survival. The data were retrospectively examined for 33 consecutive patients (28 males and five females) who had undergone surgical resection for pulmonary PC. Cox's proportional-hazards model was used to analyse the prognostic predictors of survival. The size of the tumours ranged from 1.1 to 12.0 cm (mean 5.4 cm). The majority (26) of the tumours were located at the lung periphery, five tumours had cavitation, two had calcification and 14 had peritumoral ground-glass opacity. Most of the tumours showed heterogeneous enhancement and contained a low-density area (LDA) within the tumour. The 5-year overall survival of surgically resected PC was 36 % (standard error = 0.093). A multivariate analysis revealed the LDA grade [hazard ratio (HR), 2.019], pathological stage (HR, 7.552) and pathological N factor (HR, 0.370) to be significant predictors of a poorer prognosis. A greater component of LDA within the tumour on contrast-enhanced CT is associated with a poorer prognosis in patients with PC. (orig.)

  10. Parenteral corticosteroids followed by early surgical resection of large amblyogenic eyelid hemangiomas in infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El Essawy R

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Rania El Essawy,1 Rasha Essameldin Galal21Department of Ophthalmology, 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, EgyptBackground: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results and complications of early surgical resection of large amblyogenic subdermal eyelid hemangiomas in infants after prior short-term parenteral administration of corticosteroids.Methods: Sixteen infants were given dexamethasone 2 mg/kg/day in two divided doses for three consecutive days prior to scheduled surgical excision of large eyelid hemangiomas. The lesions were accessed via an upper eyelid crease, subeyebrow incision, or a lower eyelid subciliary incision.Results: In all cases, surgical excision of the entire lesion was possible with no significant intraoperative or postoperative complications. The levator muscle/aponeurosis complex was involved in 31.25% of cases and was managed by reinsertion or repositioning without resection. A satisfactory lid position and contour with immediate clearing of the visual axis was achieved in all but one case (93.8%.Conclusion: Parenteral corticosteroids helped in reducing volume and blood flow from the hemangiomas, allowing for very early total excision of large subdermal infantile hemangiomas without significant intraoperative hemorrhage. This resulted in immediate elimination of any reason for occlusion amblyopia. Long-term follow-up of visual development in these patients would help to demonstrate the effectiveness of this strategy compared with more conservative measures.Keywords: large eyelid hemangiomas, early surgical resection, parenteral corticosteroids

  11. Surgical resection of late solitary locoregional gastric cancer recurrence in stomach bed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Masanori; Suzuki, Hideyuki; Maejima, Kentaro; Komine, Osamu; Mizutani, Satoshi; Yoshino, Masanori; Bo, Hideki; Kitayama, Yasuhiko; Uchida, Eiji

    2012-07-01

    Late-onset and solitary recurrence of gastric signet ring cell (SRC) carcinoma is rare. We report a successful surgical resection of late solitary locoregional recurrence after curative gastrectomy for gastric SRC carcinoma. The patient underwent total gastrectomy for advanced gastric carcinoma at age 52. Seven years after the primary operation, he visited us again with sudden onset of abdominal pain and vomiting. We finally decided to perform an operation, based on a diagnosis of colon obstruction due to the recurrence of gastric cancer by clinical findings and instrumental examinations. The laparotomic intra-abdominal findings showed that the recurrent tumor existed in the region surrounded by the left diaphragm, colon of splenic flexure, and pancreas tail. There was no evidence of peritoneal dissemination, and peritoneal lavage fluid cytology was negative. We performed complete resection of the recurrent tumor with partial colectomy, distal pancreatectomy, and partial diaphragmectomy. Histological examination of the resected specimen revealed SRC carcinoma, identical in appearance to the previously resected gastric cancer. We confirmed that the intra-abdominal tumor was a locoregional gastric cancer recurrence in the stomach bed. The patient showed a long-term survival of 27 months after the second operation. In the absence of effective alternative treatment for recurrent gastric carcinoma, surgical options should be pursued, especially for late and solitary recurrence.

  12. Usefulness of increased {sup 18}F-FDG uptake for detecting local recurrence in patients with extremity osteosarcoma treated with surgical resection and endoprosthetic replacement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Kyoung Jin; Lim, Ilhan; Lim, Sang Moo [Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), Department of Nuclear Medicine, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Nowon Gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kong, Chang-Bae; Cho, Wan Hyeong; Jeon, Dae-Geun; Lee, Soo-Yong [Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), Orthopedic Surgery, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Nowon Gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-11-29

    To investigate the changes of increased F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ({sup 18}F-FDG) uptake around the prosthesis and its ability to differentiate local recurrence from postsurgical change after endoprosthetic replacement in extremity osteosarcoma. A total of 355 positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) scans in 109 extremity osteosarcoma patients were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were followed up with {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT for more than 3 years after tumor resection. For semiquantitative assessment, we drew a volume of interest around the entire prosthesis of the extremity and measured the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). Independent samples t test was used to compare SUVmax at each follow-up time. SUVmax at 3 months (SUV1) and SUVmax at the time of local recurrence in patients with recurrence or at the last follow-up in others (SUV2) were compared using the Mann-Whitney test. Diagnostic performances of PET parameters were assessed using ROC curve analyses. Nine patients (8 %) showed a local recurrence. Mean SUVmax at 3, 12, 24, and 36 months was 3.1 ± 1.5, 3.8 ± 1.9, 3.6 ± 1.9, and 3.7 ± 1.5 respectively. In ROC curve analysis, the combination of SUV2 >4.6 and ΔSUV >75.0 was a more useful parameter for predicting local recurrence than SUV2 or ΔSUV alone. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for identifying local recurrence were 89, 76, 77 % for SUV2; 78, 81, 81 % for ΔSUV; and 78, 94, 93 % for the combined criterion respectively. The combination of SUV2 and ΔSUV was more useful than the SUV2 or ΔSUV used alone for the prediction of local recurrence. (orig.)

  13. Rapid rehabilitation in elderly patients after laparoscopic colonic resection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Linda; Funch-Jensen, P; Kehlet, H

    2000-01-01

    . Routine use of morphine and traditional tubes, drains and prolonged bladder catheterization was avoided. RESULTS: Laparoscopic resection was intended in 50 consecutive patients, of median age 81 years. The conversion rate to open resection was 22 per cent. In patients in whom the procedure was completed...... laparoscopically the median hospital stay was 2.5 days; defaecation occurred in 92 per cent of patients within 3 days. Patients were mobilized for more than 8 h daily from day 2. CONCLUSION: Recovery after colonic surgery was improved considerably by combining the use of a laparoscopic technique with a multimodal......BACKGROUND: Introduction of the laparoscopic surgical technique has reduced hospital stay after colonic resection from about 8-10 to 4-6 days. In most studies, however, specific attention has not been paid to changes in perioperative protocols required to maximize the advantages of the minimally...

  14. [A Case of Surgical Resection of Isolated Pulmonary Metastasis from Gastric Cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murata, Tomohiro; Koshiishi, Haruya; Imaizumi, Ken; Okuno, Keisuke; Nakata, Takuya; Hirano, Takayuki; Tokura, Michiyo; Matsuyama, Takatoshi; Hoshino, Mayumi; Kakimoto, Masaki; Goto, Hiroshi; Yoshimura, Tetsunori

    2015-11-01

    We report a rare case of surgical resection for pulmonary metastasis from gastric cancer. A 71-year-old man underwent total gastrectomy for gastric cancer in October 2012. After the operation, he received S-1 chemotherapy for 1 year. In January 2014, computed tomography of the chest showed a nodule shadow with a cavity at S3 in the right lung. Because it showed a tendency to gradually enlarge, we performed an operation in September 2014. The nodule was diagnosed as metastatic adenocarcinoma from gastric cancer on pathology. The patient is being treated with S-1 chemotherapy during follow-up. The pulmonary metastases of gastric cancer often develop along with carcinomatous lymphangiosis or carcinomatous pleurisy, and isolated pulmonary metastasis is rare. A consensus has not been reached about the usefulness of surgical resection, and the accumulation of further cases is required.

  15. Video-assisted mediastinoscopy (VAM for surgical resection of ectopic parathyroid adenoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lansdown Mark

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ectopic mediastinal parathyroid adenomas or hyperplasia account for up to 25% of primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT. Two percent of them are not accessible by standard cervical surgical approaches. Surgical resection has traditionally been performed via median sternotomy or thoracotomy and more recently, via video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS. We present our experience with the novel use of Video-Assisted Mediastinoscopy (VAM for resection of ectopic mediastinal parathyroid glands. Case presentation 4 patients underwent VAM for removal of an ectopic intramediastinal parathyroid gland. All of them had at least one previous unsuccessful neck exploration. In all cases histology confirmed complete resection of ectopic parathyroid glands (3 parathyroid adenomas and one parathyroid hyperplasia. Two of the patients required a partial sternal split to facilitate exploration. Conclusion The cervical approach for resection of ectopic parathyroid adenomas is frequently unsuccessful. Previously, the standard surgical approach in such cases was sternotomy and exploration of the mediastinum. Recently, a number of less invasive modalities have been introduced. We found that VAM has several advantages. It has a short theatre time does not require a complex anaesthetic and is performed with the patient in classic supine position utilising often a previous cervical scar with good cosmetic results. It offers a short hospital stay; it is cost effective with minimal use of fancy and pricy consumables with a comfortable incision and no violation of the pleural space. Additionally the use of digital Video imaging has increased the sensitivity of the mediastinoscopy and has added safety and confidence in performing a detailed mediastinal exploration with an additional great training value as well.

  16. Radiologic Evaluation of Small Lepidic Adenocarcinomas to Guide Decision Making in Surgical Resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilshire, Candice L; Louie, Brian E; Manning, Kristin A; Horton, Matthew P; Castiglioni, Massimo; Gorden, Jed A; Aye, Ralph W; Farivar, Alexander S; Vallières, Eric

    2015-09-01

    The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society classification of pulmonary adenocarcinomas identifies indolent lesions associated with low recurrence, superior survival, and the potential for sublobar resection. The distinction, however, is determined on the pathologic evaluation, limiting preoperative surgical planning. We sought to determine whether preoperative computed tomography (CT) characteristics could guide decisions about the extent of the pulmonary resection. We reviewed the preoperative CT scans for 136 patients identified to have adenocarcinomas with lepidic features on the final pathologic evaluation. The solid component on CT was substituted for the invasive component, and patients were radiologically classified as adenocarcinoma in situ, 3 cm or less with no solid component; minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, 3 cm or less with a solid component of 5 mm or less; or invasive adenocarcinoma, exceeding 3 cm or solid component exceeding 5 mm, or both. Analysis of variance, t test, χ(2) test, and Kaplan-Meier methods were used for analysis. The radiologic classification identified 35 adenocarcinomas in situ (26%) and 12 minimally invasive (9%) and 89 invasive adenocarcinoma (65%) lesions. At a 32-month median follow-up, patient outcomes associated with the radiologic classification were similar to the pathologic-based classification: the radiologic classification identified 14 of 16 patients with recurrent disease and all 6 who died of lung cancer. In addition, patients with radiologic adenocarcinoma in situ and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma who underwent sublobar resections had no recurrence and 100% disease-free and overall survival at 5 years. The radiologic classification of patients with lepidic adenocarcinomas is associated with similar oncologic and survival outcomes compared with the pathologic classification and may guide decision making in the approach to surgical resection

  17. Surgical resection of synchronous and metachronous lung and liver metastases of colorectal cancers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Shinseok; Park, Jin Young; Choi, Dong Wook; Choi, Seong Ho

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Surgical resection of isolated hepatic or pulmonary metastases of colorectal cancer is an established procedure, with a 5-year survival rate of about 50%. However, the role of surgical resections in patients with both hepatic and pulmonary metastases is not well established. We aimed to analyze overall survival of these patients and associated factors. Methods Data retrospectively collected from 66 patients who underwent both hepatic and pulmonary metastasectomy after colorectal cancer surgery from August 2002 through August 2013 were analyzed. In univariate analysis, the log-rank test compared patient survival between groups. P < 0.1 was considered indicative of significance. Multivariate analysis of the significance data using a Cox proportional hazard model identified factors associated with overall survival. The synchronous group (n = 57) was defined as patients who had metastasectomy within 3 months from primary colorectal cancer surgery. The remaining nine patients constituted the metachronous group. Results Median follow-up was 126 months from the primary colorectal cancer surgery. The 5-year survival was 73.4%. There was no difference in overall survival between the synchronous and metachronous groups, consistent with previous studies. Distribution (involving one hemiliver or both, P = 0.010 in multivariate analysis) of liver metastases and multiplicity of the pulmonary metastasis (P = 0.039) were predictors of poor prognosis. Conclusion Sequential or simultaneous resection of both hepatic and pulmonary metastasis of colorectal cancer resulted in good long-term survival in selected patients. Thus, an aggressive surgical approach and multidisciplinary decision making with surgeons seems to be justified. PMID:28203555

  18. [The radicality of surgical resection in rectal cancer. Analysis of factors associated with incomplete mesorectal excision].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferko, A; Orhalmi, J; Nikolov, D H; Hovorková, E; Chobola, M; Vošmik, M; Cermáková, E

    2013-06-01

    Circumferential resection margin (pCRM) and the completeness of mesorectal excision (ME) are two independent prognostic factors significantly associated with the radicality of surgical treatment. Positive pCRM and incomplete mesorectal excision are associated with a significantly higher incidence of local recurrence and worse patient prognosis. The aim of this article is to analyze the risk factors associated with incomplete mesorectal excision. Patients operated on at the Department of Surgery, University Hospital Hradec Kralove between January 2011 and February 2013 were included in the study. The patients data were prospectively collected and entered in the Dg C20 registry. The following factors were analyzed: sex, age, BMI, cN, pT, clinical stage, the involved segment of the rectum, neoadjuvant therapy, circumferential tumour location, the type of surgical approach and the type of surgery. 168 patients were operated on during the above period. 9 (5.3%) palliative stomas and 159 (94.6%) resection procedures were performed in this group of 168 patients. 7 (4.4%) patients were excluded because the quality of excision was not assessed in them. 114 (75%) resections, including 5 intersphincteric resections, were performed in the group of the remaining 152 patients. 10 (7%) were Hartmanns procedures a 28 (18%) were amputation procedures. Out of 152 procedures, 69 (45%) were performed laparoscopically. Positive (y)pCRO was recorded in 26 (17%) patients, predominantly after abdominoperineal resection (APR) - 11 out of 27 (41%), and Hartmanns operation - 6 out of 10 (60%). Incomplete ME was observed in 45 patients (30%), complete ME in 81 patients (53%) and partially complete in 26 patients (17%). Univariate analysis confirmed statistically significant factors associated with incomplete mesorectal excision: (y)pT (P = 0.00027), type of surgery (P = 0.00001) and tumour location (P = 0.00001). Multivariate analysis then confirmed two independent prognostic factors

  19. Different surgical approaches for mesial temporal epilepsy: resection extent, seizure, and neuropsychological outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malikova, Hana; Kramska, Lenka; Vojtech, Zdenek; Liscak, Roman; Sroubek, Jan; Lukavsky, Jiri; Druga, Rastislav

    2014-01-01

    Surgical therapy of intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is an effective and well-established treatment. We compared two different surgical approaches, standard microsurgical anterior temporal resection (ATL) and stereotactic radiofrequency amygdalohippocampectomy (SAHE) for MTLE, with respect to the extent of resection or destruction, clinical outcomes, and complications. 75 MTLE patients were included: 41 treated by SAHE (11 right sided, 30 left sided) and 34 treated by ATL (21 right sided, 13 left sided). SAHE and ATL seizure control were comparable (Engel I in 75.6 and 76.5% 2 years after surgery and 79.3 and 76.5% 5 years after procedures, respectively). The neuropsychological results of SAHE patients were better than in ATL. In SAHE patients, no memory deficit was found. Hippocampal (60.6 ± 18.7%) and amygdalar (50.3 ± 21.9%) volume reduction by SAHE was significantly lower than by ATL (86.0 ± 12.7% and 80.2 ± 20.9%, respectively). The overall rate of surgical nonsilent complications without permanent neurological deficit after ATL was 11.8%, and another 8.8% silent infarctions were found on MRI. The rate of clinically manifest complications after SAHE was 4.9%. The rate of visual field defects after SAHE was expectably less frequent than after ATL. Seizure control by SAHE was comparable to ATL. However, SAHE was safer with better neuropsychological results. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  20. [Tubulo-villous rectal tumours. Results of surgical resection in relation to histotype (30 years' experience)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carditello, Antonio; Milone, Antonino; Paparo, Domenica; Anastasi, Giuliana; Mollo, Francesco; Stilo, Francesco

    2004-01-01

    Adenomas of the rectum are frequently found during endoscopic examination. We report on our 30 years of experience with the treatment of tubulo-villous adenomas based on histotype. Between 1971 and 2001, 104 villous tumours of the rectum were treated surgically. The patients' average age was 65 years. These were sessile tumours in 69% of cases, pedunculated in 17.5% and flowing tumours in 13.5%. The mean tumour size was 3 cm. They were associated with colon cancer in 15% of cases and with polyadenoma in 10%. They were located in the rectum within 0 to 6 cm of the anal margin in half the cases. These tumours were treated by local excision in 74 cases and by wide excision in 30 cases. The malignant potential of the tumours was 30%, including 10% invasive malignancy. There were no surgical fatalities, but a 6% medical fatality rate was registered. There was a 20% complication rate related to the surgical technique. Twenty patients were lost to follow-up. Out of 84 villous tumours, monitored over a mean survival period of 6.5 years, there were 24 recurrences: 18 underwent endoscopic excision and in 6 cases a wide resection. The various tumour resection techniques and the operative indications of variable difficulty are presented. It would seem, at present, that total resection of the rectum with a colo-anal anastomosis is the best treatment for large flowing villous tumours occupying almost the entire rectum. Thorough preoperative examination and the mastering of various surgical procedures should allow the most suitable choice of treatment for each individual case.

  1. Defining an optimal surgical strategy for synchronous colorectal liver metastases: staged versus simultaneous resection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    She, Wong Hoi; Chan, Albert Chi Yan; Poon, Ronnie Tung Ping; Cheung, Tan To; Chok, Kenneth Siu Ho; Chan, See Ching; Lo, Chung Mau

    2015-11-01

    We aimed to assess if simultaneous resection conferred any survival benefit in resection of synchronous colorectal liver metastases. From January 1990 to December 2008, 116 patients with synchronous colorectal liver metastases were identified. Among these 116 patients, 88 underwent staged resection (SR), while the remaining 28 patients underwent simultaneous resection (SIMR). Patients' follow-up data were reviewed. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of patient and tumour characteristics. Major hepatectomy was performed in 54 patients (61%) undergoing SR, and 12 patients (43%) undergoing SIMR (P = 0.09). The median blood loss (SR 0.7 L versus SIMR 0.8 L) was similar. Post-operative morbidity rates and hospital mortality rates were not statistically different. The total length of hospital stay was shorter in SIMR patients (18.0 versus 11.5 days, P = 0.009). The 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival for SR were 90.7%, 47.1% and 33.3%, whilst the corresponding survival rates for SIMR were 75.0%, 25.0% and 0%, respectively (P = 0.003). However, when the disease-free survival (DFS) was stratified according to the number of hepatic metastases, the survival benefit of SR and SIMR for solitary CRM were similar (3-year DFS: 28.3% versus 11.1%, P = 0.089). Our study showed that an operative strategy of SR generally offered better survival outcome than SIMR in the surgical management of CRM. © 2014 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  2. Factors associated with seizure freedom in the surgical resection of glioneuronal tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englot, Dario J; Berger, Mitchel S; Barbaro, Nicholas M; Chang, Edward F

    2012-01-01

    Gangliogliomas (GGs) and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNETs) are low-grade brain tumors of glioneuronal origin that commonly present with seizures. Achieving seizure control in patients with glioneuronal tumors remains underappreciated, as tumor-related epilepsy significantly affects patients' quality-of-life. We performed a quantitative and comprehensive systematic literature review of seizure outcomes after surgical resection of GGs and DNETs associated with seizures. We evaluated 910 patients from 39 studies, and stratified outcomes according to several potential prognostic variables. Overall, 80% of patients were seizure-free after surgery (Engel class I), whereas 20% continued to have seizures (Engel class II-IV). We observed significantly higher rates of seizure-freedom in patients with ≤1 year duration of epilepsy compared to those with >1 year of seizures [odds ratio (OR) 9.48; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.26-39.66], and with gross-total resection over subtotal lesionectomy (OR 5.34; 95% CI 3.61-7.89). In addition, the presence of secondarily generalized seizures preoperatively predicted a lower rate of seizure-freedom after surgery (OR 0.40; 95% CI 0.24-0.66). Outcomes did not differ significantly between adults and children, patients with temporal lobe versus extratemporal tumors, pathologic diagnosis of GG versus DNET, medically controlled versus refractory seizures, or with the use of electrocorticography (ECoG). Extended resection of temporal lobe tumors, with hippocampectomy and/or corticectomy, conferred additional benefit. These results suggest that early operative intervention and gross-total resection are critically important factors in achieving seizure-freedom, and thus improving quality-of-life, in patients with glioneuronal tumors causing epilepsy. Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2011 International League Against Epilepsy.

  3. Efficacy of surgical resection in management of isolated extrahepatic metastases of hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kun-Ming Chan; Ming-Chin Yu; Ting-Jung Wu; Chen-Fang Lee; Tse-Ching Chen; Wei-Chen Lee; Miin-Fu Chen

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To clarify the benefit of surgical excision for patients with extrahepatic metastases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 140 patients with pathologically proven extrahepatic metastases of HCC and evaluated the outcomes of those who had undergone surgical resection (SR) for extrahepatic metastatic lesions.Prognoses made on the basis of extrahepatic metastatic sites were also examined.RESULTS: The survival rates of patients who underwent SR of extrahepatic metastases were significantly better than those of patients who did not receive SR.For the SR group, 1- and 3-year survival rates were 24% and 7%, respectively, while for the non-resection group, the survival rates were 8% and 0%, respectively ( P < 0.0001).Survival rates related to metastatic sites were also significantly superior after SR of extrahepatic metastases: median survivals were 32 mo with lung metastasis, 10 mo with bone metastasis, 6.1 mo with brain metastasis.CONCLUSION: SR can provide survival benefits for patients with 1 or 2 isolated extrahepatic metastases and who concurrently exhibit good hepatic functional reserve and general performance status as well as successful treatment of intrahepatic HCC.

  4. Resection of the mesopancreas (RMP: a new surgical classification of a known anatomical space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konerding Moritz A

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Prognosis after surgical therapy for pancreatic cancer is poor and has been attributed to early lymph node involvement as well as to a strong tendency of cancer cells to infiltrate into the retropancreatic tissue and to spread along the peripancreatic neural plexuses. The objective of our study was to classify the anatomical-surgical layer of the mesopancreas and to describe the surgical principles relevant for resection of the mesopancreas (RMP. Immunohistochemical investigation of the mesopancreatic-perineural lymphogenic structures was carried out with the purpose of identifying possible routes of metastatic spread. Methods Resection of the mesopancreas (RMP was performed in fresh corpses. Pancreas and mesopancreas were separated from each other and the mesopancreas was immunohistochemically investigated. Results The mesopancreas strains itself dorsally of the mesenteric vessels as a whitish-firm, fatty tissue-like layer. Macroscopically, in the dissected en-bloc specimens of pancreas and mesopancreas nerve plexuses were found running from the dorsal site of the pancreatic head to the mesopancreas to establish a perineural plane. Immunohistochemical examinations revealed the lymphatic vessels localized in direct vicinity of the neuronal plexuses between pancreas and mesopancreas. Conclusion The mesopancreas as a perineural lymphatic layer located dorsally to the pancreas and reaching beyond the mesenteric vessels has not been classified in the anatomical or surgical literature before. The aim to ensure the greatest possible distance from the retropancreatic lymphatic tissue which drains the carcinomatous focus can be achieved in patients with pancreatic cancer only by complete resection of the mesopancreas (RMP.

  5. Surgical resection and reconstruction for primary malignant sternal tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirai, Shinji; Nobuto, Hiroaki; Yokota, Kazunori; Matsuura, Yosuke; Uegami, Shinnosuke; Sato, Katsutoshi; Mitsui, Norimasa; Sugita, Takashi; Hamanaka, Yoshiharu

    2009-06-01

    We report a very rare and successful surgery for primary malignant tumor of the sternum. A 73-year-old male, previously healthy, was admitted to our hospital because a chest computed tomography scan detected an abnormal shadow that suggested a sternal tumor destroying part of the sternum body. Aspiration needle biopsy demonstrated a primary sternal chondrosarcoma measuring 3 x 4 cm in diameter. The sternum below the second intercostal space was resected along with a 1-cm width of cartilage below the third rib on each side. Sternal reconstruction was performed with Composix mesh, titanium mesh, and Marlex mesh, using a right pectoralis major muscle flap translation. The patient was extubated just after surgery, and the postoperative course was uneventful. This procedure may be useful for repairing the detect after wide sternotomy.

  6. Choice of Surgical Procedure for Patients With Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer ≤ 1 cm or > 1 to 2 cm Among Lobectomy, Segmentectomy, and Wedge Resection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dai, Chenyang; Shen, Jianfei; Ren, Yijiu

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: According to the lung cancer staging project, T1a (≤ 2 cm) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) should be additionally classified into ≤ 1 cm and > 1 to 2 cm groups. This study aimed to investigate the surgical procedure for NSCLC ≤ 1 cm and > 1 to 2 cm. METHODS: We identified 15,760 patie...

  7. Surgical resection and vascularized bone reconstruction in advanced stage medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldroney, S; Ghazali, N; Dyalram, D; Lubek, J E

    2017-07-01

    A retrospective review of all patients with stage 3 medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), treated by surgical resection and immediate vascularized bone reconstruction at a tertiary care medical center, was performed. Eleven patients were included, seven female and four male; their mean age was 65.8 years (range 56-73 years). Mean follow-up was 25 months. Ten patients had received intravenous bisphosphonates. The most common pathology was breast cancer (4/11). Pain (n=8) and pathological fracture (n=7) were the most common presenting symptoms. Microvascular free flaps consisted of seven fibula osteocutaneous flaps and four scapula osteocutaneous free flaps. All patients reported resolution of symptoms, with complete bone union identified radiographically (100%). Complications occurred in three patients (27%). One patient required removal of hardware at 8 months postoperative. Dental implant rehabilitation was completed in two patients. Ten patients are tolerating an oral diet. Ten patients are alive without evidence of MRONJ at any of the surgical sites. One patient died 28 months after surgery from progression of metastatic disease. Advanced MRONJ can be successfully treated in patients using vascularized tissue transfer, including those patients with significant peripheral vascular disease. Dental rehabilitation is a viable option for advanced MRONJ patients treated by vascularized flap reconstruction. Copyright © 2017 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. CT-guided localization of small pulmonary nodules using adjacent microcoil implantation prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical resection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Su, Tian-Hao; Jin, Long; He, Wen [Capital Medical University, Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Beijing (China); Fan, Yue-Feng [Xiamen University, Department of Interventional Therapy, The First Affiliated Hospital, Xiamen, Fujian (China); Hu, Li-Bao [Peking University People' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Beijing (China)

    2015-09-15

    To describe and assess the localization of small peripheral pulmonary nodules prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical (VATS) resection using the implantation of microcoils. Ninety-two patients with 101 pulmonary nodules underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided implantation of microcoils proximal to each nodule. Patients were randomly assigned to undergo entire microcoil or leaving-microcoil-end implantations. The complications and efficacy of the two implantation methods were evaluated. VATS resection of lung tissue containing each pulmonary lesion and microcoil were performed in the direction of the microcoil marker. Histopathological analysis was performed for the resected pulmonary lesions. CT-guided microcoil implantation was successful in 99/101 cases, and the placement of microcoils within 1 cm of the nodules was not disruptive. There was no difference in the complications and efficacy associated with the entire implantation method (performed for 51/99 nodules) versus the leaving-microcoil-end implantation method (performed for 48/99 nodules). All nodules were successfully removed using VATS resection. Asymptomatic pneumothorax occurred in 16 patients and mild pulmonary haemorrhage occurred in nine patients. However, none of these patients required further surgical treatment. Preoperative localization of small pulmonary nodules using a refined percutaneous microcoil implantation method was found to be safe and useful prior to VATS resection. (orig.)

  9. 肝血管瘤128例外科治疗分析%Hepatic hemangoma treated by surgical resection: a analysis of 128 patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董健; 朱迎; 王万里; 张谞丰; 刘学民; 王博; 于良; 刘昌; 吕毅

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨肝血管瘤的手术适应证.方法 回顾分析2008年1月至2012年12月在西安交通大学第一附属医院行肝切除治疗的128例肝血管瘤患者资料.根据肿瘤直径将患者分为大血管瘤(直径5 ~ 10 cm,A组)与巨大血管瘤(直径≥10 cm,B组)两组,比较两组围手术期临床因素,采用单因素及多因素分析方法研究与肝血管瘤切除术后并发症及输血相关的因素.结果 128例中大血管瘤组90例、巨大血管瘤组30例.B组手术时间(232±116) min、ICU住院天数(2.63±1.10)d、手术出血量(1 261 ±1 520) ml及输血量(3.93±5.19)U与A组的手术时间(172±63.8)min、ICU住院天数(2.12±0.95)d、手术出血量(405±365)ml及输血量(1.36±2.05)U比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).分析结果表明肿瘤直径不是术后并发症的危险因素;单因素分析表明肿瘤直径是手术输血的危险因素,但多因素分析表明肿瘤直径不是手术输血的独立危险因素.结论 巨大血管瘤外科手术风险与大血管瘤相比无明显增加,肿瘤直径不是肝血管瘤手术术中输血和术后并发症的独立危险因素.%Objective To analyse the surgical indications of hepatic hemangioma.Methods The data of 128 consecutive patients with hepatic hemangioma who underwent hepatectomy from January 2008 to December 2012 at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery,First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College,Xi'an Jiaotong University were analyzed retrospectively.The patients were divided into two groups according to tumor size:the large hemangioma group (group A,diameter:5 to 10 cm) and the giant hemangioma group (group B,diameter:≥ 10 cm).The differences in perioperative clinical factors were compared.Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were used to determine the risk factors of postoperative complication and blood transfusion.Results 90 patients had hemangiomas of 5-10 cm in diameter and 28 patients had hemangiomas of ≥10 cm in

  10. Rapid rehabilitation in elderly patients after laparoscopic colonic resection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Linda; Funch-Jensen, P; Kehlet, H

    2000-01-01

    invasive procedure. In the present study the laparoscopic approach was combined with a perioperative multimodal rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: After laparoscopically assisted colonic resection, patients were treated with epidural local anaesthesia for 2 days, early mobilization and enteral nutrition...... laparoscopically the median hospital stay was 2.5 days; defaecation occurred in 92 per cent of patients within 3 days. Patients were mobilized for more than 8 h daily from day 2. CONCLUSION: Recovery after colonic surgery was improved considerably by combining the use of a laparoscopic technique with a multimodal......BACKGROUND: Introduction of the laparoscopic surgical technique has reduced hospital stay after colonic resection from about 8-10 to 4-6 days. In most studies, however, specific attention has not been paid to changes in perioperative protocols required to maximize the advantages of the minimally...

  11. Predictors of Wound Complications following Radiation and Surgical Resection of Soft Tissue Sarcomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drake G. LeBrun

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Wound complications represent a major source of morbidity in patients undergoing radiation therapy (RT and surgical resection of soft tissue sarcomas (STS. We investigated whether factors related to RT, surgery, patient comorbidities, and tumor histopathology predict the development of wound complications. An observational study of patients who underwent STS resection and RT was performed. The primary outcome was the occurrence of any wound complication up to four months postoperatively. Significant predictors of wound complications were identified using multivariable logistic regression. Sixty-five patients representing 67 cases of STS were identified. Median age was 59 years (range 22–90 and 34 (52% patients were female. The rates of major wound complications and any wound complications were 21% and 33%, respectively. After adjusting for radiation timing, diabetes (OR 9.6; 95% CI 1.4–64.8; P=0.02, grade ≥2 radiation dermatitis (OR 4.8; 95% CI 1.2–19.2; P=0.03, and the use of 3D conformal RT (OR 4.6; 95% CI 1.1–20.0; P=0.04 were associated with an increased risk of any wound complication on multivariable analysis. These data suggest that radiation dermatitis and radiation modality are predictors of wound complications in patients with STS.

  12. Effect of pre-operative neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy and surgical treatment on resectable esophageal cancer: a Meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei ZHU

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective To explore the effect of pre-operative adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy and surgical treatment on resectable esophageal cancer.Methods By searching Medline,CENTRAL(the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled trials,EMBASE,CBM(China Biology Medicine and CNKI(China National Knowledge Infrastructure by computer,the data of randomized controlled trials(RCTs of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgical treatment for resectable esophageal cancer were selected and analyzed using Stata 11.0 statistical software.The study population was patients with resectable early or medium stage esophageal cancer,the intervention was neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy(include sequential chemoradiotherapy and concurrent chemoradiotherapy followed with surgical resection,the outcome indices were 1-and 3-year survival rates and local recurrence rate.The combined odds ratio(OR,relative risk(RR and their 95% confidence interval(CI were calculated to estimate the results.Results Nine articles including a total of 1156 patients were finally analyzed in the Meta-analysis.Among all the patients,579 received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy(study group and 577 received surgical treatment only(control group.Compared the study group and control group,the OR of 1-and 3-year survival rate was 1.06(95%CI=0.94-1.19,Z=0.97,P=0.33 and 1.30(95%CI=1.07.-1.57,Z=2.67,P=0.008,respectively,and the RR of local recurrence rate was 0.75(95%CI=0.50-1.12,Z=1.40,P=0.162.Conclusions Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy could improve the 3-year survival rate of patients with resectable esophageal cancer,but could not decrease the local recurrence rate.

  13. Prognostic Value of External Beam Radiation Therapy in Patients Treated With Surgical Resection and Intraoperative Electron Beam Radiation Therapy for Locally Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma: A Multicentric Long-Term Outcome Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calvo, Felipe A. [Department of Oncology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid (Spain); School of Medicine, Complutense University, Madrid (Spain); Sole, Claudio V., E-mail: cvsole@uc.cl [Department of Oncology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid (Spain); School of Medicine, Complutense University, Madrid (Spain); Service of Radiation Oncology, Instituto de Radiomedicina, Santiago (Chile); Cambeiro, Mauricio [Service of Radiation Oncology, Clínica Universitaria, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (Spain); Montero, Angel; Polo, Alfredo [Service of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Universidad de Alcala, Madrid (Spain); Gonzalez, Carmen [School of Medicine, Complutense University, Madrid (Spain); Service of Radiation Oncology, Instituto de Radiomedicina, Santiago (Chile); Service of Radiation Oncology, Clínica Universitaria, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (Spain); Service of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Universidad de Alcala, Madrid (Spain); Service of Radiation Oncology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid (Spain); Cuervo, Miguel [Service of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid (Spain); San Julian, Mikel [Service of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Clínica Universitaria, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (Spain); and others

    2014-01-01

    Background: A joint analysis of data from centers involved in the Spanish Cooperative Initiative for Intraoperative Electron Radiotherapy was performed to investigate long-term outcomes of locally recurrent soft tissue sarcoma (LR-STS) patients treated with a multidisciplinary approach. Methods and Materials: Patients with a histologic diagnosis of LR-STS (extremity, 43%; trunk wall, 24%; retroperitoneum, 33%) and no distant metastases who underwent radical surgery and intraoperative electron radiation therapy (IOERT; median dose, 12.5 Gy) were considered eligible for participation in this study. In addition, 62% received external beam radiation therapy (EBRT; median dose, 50 Gy). Results: From 1986 to 2012, a total of 103 patients from 3 Spanish expert IOERT institutions were analyzed. With a median follow-up of 57 months (range, 2-311 months), 5-year local control (LC) was 60%. The 5-year IORT in-field control, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival were 73%, 43%, and 52%, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, no EBRT to treat the LR-STS (P=.02) and microscopically involved margin resection status (P=.04) retained significance in relation to LC. With regard to IORT in-field control, only not delivering EBRT to the LR-STS retained significance in the multivariate analysis (P=.03). Conclusion: This joint analysis revealed that surgical margin and EBRT affect LC but that, given the high risk of distant metastases, DFS remains modest. Intensified local treatment needs to be further tested in the context of more efficient concurrent, neoadjuvant, and adjuvant systemic therapy.

  14. Genetic polymorphism in a VEGF-independent angiogenesis gene ANGPT1 and overall survival of colorectal cancer patients after surgical resection.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingyao Dai

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The VEGF-independent angiogenic signaling plays an important role in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC. However, its implication in the clinical outcome of CRC has not been reported. This study aimed to investigate the association between genetic variations in several major VEGF-independent signaling pathway genes and the overall survival of CRC patients. METHODS: Seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in four important VEGF-independent angiogenic genes (ANGPT1, AMOT, DLL4 and ENG were genotyped in a Chinese population with 408 CRC patients. RESULTS: One SNP, rs1954727 in ANGPT1, was significantly associated with CRC overall survival. Compared to patients with the homozygous wild-type genotype of rs1954727, those with heterozygous and homozygous variant genotypes exhibited a favorable overall survival with a hazard ratio (HR of 0.89 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.55-1.43, P = 0.623, and 0.32 (95% CI 0.15-0.71, P = 0.005, respectively (P trend = 0.008. In stratified analysis, this association remained significant in patients receiving chemotherapy (P trend = 0.012, but not in those without chemotherapy. We further evaluated the effects of chemotherapy on CRC survival that was stratified by rs1954727 genotypes. We found that chemotherapy resulted in a significantly better overall survival in the CRC patients (HR = 0.44, 95% CI 0.26-0.75, P = 0.002, which was especially prominent in those patients with the heterozygous genotype of rs1954727 (HR = 0.45, 95%CI 0.22-0.92, P = 0.028. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that rs1954727 in ANGPT1 gene might be a prognostic biomarker for the overall survival of CRC patients, especially in those receiving chemotherapy, a finding that warrants validation in larger independent populations.

  15. Comparison of acute skin reaction following morning versus late afternoon radiotherapy in patients with breast cancer who have undergone curative surgical resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noh, Jae Myoung; Choi, Doo Ho; Park, Hyojung; Huh, Seung Jae; Park, Won; Seol, Seung Won; Jeong, Bae Kwon; Nam, Seok Jin; Lee, Jeong Eon; Kil, Won-Ho

    2014-05-01

    We investigated the relationship between the time of radiotherapy (RT) and treatment outcomes in breast cancer. Patients with pathologic T1-2N0-1 breast cancer who received adjuvant RT in the morning (before 10:00 AM) or late afternoon (after 3:00 PM) were eligible for inclusion in this study. We retrospectively compared the clinicopathologic characteristics, acute skin reaction, and survival outcomes according to the time of RT. The median follow-up duration was 83 months (range, 10-131 months). From the 395 eligible patients, 190 (48.1%) and 205 (51.9%) patients were classified into the morning RT group and the afternoon RT group, respectively. The clinicopathologic characteristics were relatively well balanced between the treatment groups, except for pathologic N-stage (P = 0.0409). Grade 2 or higher acute skin reaction according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group criteria was observed in 39 (9.9%) patients, with a higher frequency in the afternoon RT group than the morning RT group (13.7% vs 5.8%, respectively; P = 0.0088). There was no difference in the failure patterns or survival outcomes between the treatment groups. RT in late afternoon was associated with increased Grade 2 or more skin reaction after RT for breast cancer patients, but treatment outcomes did not differ according to the time of RT. Individualized considerations for treatment should be taken into account to reduce the risk of skin reactions.

  16. Raman microscopy in the diagnosis and prognosis of surgically resected nonsmall cell lung cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magee, Nicholas David; Beattie, James Renwick; Carland, Chris; Davis, Richard; McManus, Kieran; Bradbury, Ian; Fennell, Dean Andrew; Hamilton, Peter William; Ennis, Madeleine; McGarvey, John Joseph; Elborn, Joseph Stuart

    2010-03-01

    The main curative therapy for patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer is surgery. Despite this, the survival rate is only 50%, therefore it is important to more efficiently diagnose and predict prognosis for lung cancer patients. Raman spectroscopy is useful in the diagnosis of malignant and premalignant lesions. The aim of this study is to investigate the ability of Raman microscopy to diagnose lung cancer from surgically resected tissue sections, and predict the prognosis of these patients. Tumor tissue sections from curative resections are mapped by Raman microscopy and the spectra analzsed using multivariate techniques. Spectra from the tumor samples are also compared with their outcome data to define their prognostic significance. Using principal component analysis and random forest classification, Raman microscopy differentiates malignant from normal lung tissue. Principal component analysis of 34 tumor spectra predicts early postoperative cancer recurrence with a sensitivity of 73% and specificity of 74%. Spectral analysis reveals elevated porphyrin levels in the normal samples and more DNA in the tumor samples. Raman microscopy can be a useful technique for the diagnosis and prognosis of lung cancer patients receiving surgery, and for elucidating the biochemical properties of lung tumors.

  17. Android application for determining surgical variables in brain-tumor resection procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijayan, Rohan C; Thompson, Reid C; Chambless, Lola B; Morone, Peter J; He, Le; Clements, Logan W; Griesenauer, Rebekah H; Kang, Hakmook; Miga, Michael I

    2017-01-01

    The fidelity of image-guided neurosurgical procedures is often compromised due to the mechanical deformations that occur during surgery. In recent work, a framework was developed to predict the extent of this brain shift in brain-tumor resection procedures. The approach uses preoperatively determined surgical variables to predict brain shift and then subsequently corrects the patient's preoperative image volume to more closely match the intraoperative state of the patient's brain. However, a clinical workflow difficulty with the execution of this framework is the preoperative acquisition of surgical variables. To simplify and expedite this process, an Android, Java-based application was developed for tablets to provide neurosurgeons with the ability to manipulate three-dimensional models of the patient's neuroanatomy and determine an expected head orientation, craniotomy size and location, and trajectory to be taken into the tumor. These variables can then be exported for use as inputs to the biomechanical model associated with the correction framework. A multisurgeon, multicase mock trial was conducted to compare the accuracy of the virtual plan to that of a mock physical surgery. It was concluded that the Android application was an accurate, efficient, and timely method for planning surgical variables.

  18. Bronchoscopic treatment of patients with intraluminal microinvasive radiographically occult lung cancer not eligible for surgical resection: a follow-up study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vonk Noordegraaf, A.; Postmus, P.E.; Sutedja, G.

    2003-01-01

    or=1 cm in size, intraluminally located in the central airways, with no bronchial wall invasion or extraluminal tumor growth on high resolution CT (HRCT), with visible distal margin under conventional and autofluorescence bronchoscopy (AFB). BT was given with curative intent and consecutive patients

  19. Recurrent rhinosporidiosis: coblation assisted surgical resection-a novel approach in management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Iram; Gogia, Shweta; Agarwal, Alok; Swaroop, Ajay

    2014-01-01

    Recurrent rhinosporidiosis is a chronic granulomatous disease with a known tendency to reoccur. Coblation EVAC 70 is a novel surgical tool which seems to provide excellent option in management of this notorious disease. We present an interesting case and the innovative approach in its management, using Coblation system. Introduction. Rhinosporidiosis seeberi causes a chronic granulomatous disease of upper airway, usually involving the nose and nasopharynx, and has a notorious tendency to reoccur. The current line of management is surgical excision of the lesion along with cauterization of the base, which does not prevent reoccurrence of the disease. Case Presentation. A 65-year-old male resident of rural India reported a history of breathing difficulty and change in voice. Patient is a Hindu priest by profession, who according to their rituals has to take bath in local pond or river. Conclusion. Rhinosporidiosis is a difficult to treat pathology due to its tendency to reoccur. Till date the management of the disease is far from satisfactory. Coblation system which has already found its roots in otorhinolaryngology can be used as a novel tool in surgical resection of recurrent rhinosporidiosis and has added advantage of low temperature dissection along with clear surgical field due to constant suctioning.

  20. Surgical resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in pregnancy: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Chiang Hung

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC occurring in pregnancy is very rare. The prognosis is usually poor because of unclear clinical presentation. A 30-year-old woman who suffered from HCC during pregnancy underwent hepatectomy twice, and resection for pulmonary metastasis once. A healthy infant was delivered after the first hepatectomy. Currently, she remains disease free 55 months after the second hepatectomy and 39 months after pulmonary metastatectomy. Moreover, she had another healthy infant 37 months after pulmonary metastatectomy. Aggressive resection of recurrent HCC may prolong life, and pregnancy should not alter the treatment strategy for HCC.

  1. A study of Smad4, Smad6 and Smad7 in Surgically Resected Samples of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma and Their Correlation with Clinicopathological Parameters and Patient Survival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Puneet

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Smad4 is the common mediator of the tumor suppressive functions of TGF-beta. Smad6 and Smad7 are the antagonists of the TGF-beta pathway. This study investigates the differential protein expressions of Smad4, Smad6 and Smad7 in tumor as compared to normal tissue of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC and compares them with clinicopathological parameters and patient survival. Results There was a significant difference in protein expressions of Smad4 (p = 0.0001, Smad6 (p = 0.0015 and Smad7 (p = 0.0005 protein in tumor as compared to paired normal samples. Loss of Smad7 expression correlated significantly with tumor size (r = 0.421, p Conclusion Loss of Smad4 significantly correlated with poor survival of PDAC patients. In the cases where Smad4 is expressed, Smad6 inhibition is possibly a novel mechanism for Smad4 inactivation. Smad7 has a role in pathobiology of PDAC. Further investigation in the roles of Smad6 and Smad7 would help in the identification of novel therapeutic targets for PDAC.

  2. Trends in surgical mortality following colorectal resection between 2002 and 2012: A single-centre, retrospective analysis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Stephens, I

    2017-06-01

    Surgical mortality is a commonly-used measurement of surgical risk. It is imperative that patients receive accurate, up-to-date information regarding operative risk. To date, studies investigating temporal changes in surgical mortality following colorectal resection in Ireland have been limited. This retrospective study investigates such trends in one of the eight centres for symptomatic and screen-detected colorectal cancers in Ireland, across an 11-year period. A steady decline in surgical mortality was found across this time, showing a significant difference in rates before and after centralisation of rectal cancer care and the advent of colorectal surgery as a surgical specialisation (5.2%, 1.52%). This has important implications for the organisation of colorectal cancer care in Ireland.

  3. Prognostic Role of Functional Neuroimaging after Multilobar Resection in Patients with Localization-Related Epilepsy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eun Bin Cho

    Full Text Available To investigate the usage of functional neuroimaging as a prognostic tool for seizure recurrence and long-term outcomes in patients with multilobar resection, we recruited 90 patients who received multilobar resections between 1995 and 2013 with at least 1-year follow-up (mean 8.0 years. All patients were monitored using intracranial electroencephalography (EEG after pre-surgical evaluation. Clinical data (demographics, electrophysiology, and neuroimaging were reviewed retrospectively. Surgical outcomes were evaluated at 1, 2, 5 years after surgery, and at the end of the study. After 1 year, 56 patients (62.2% became Engel class I and at the last follow-up, 47 patients (52.2% remained seizure-free. Furthermore, non-localized 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET, identifying hypometabolic areas not concordant with ictal onset zones, significantly correlated with seizure recurrence after 1 year. Non-lesional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and left-sided resection correlated with poor outcomes. In the last follow-up, non-localized PET and left-sided resection significantly correlated with seizure recurrence. Both localized PET and ictal-interictal SPECT subtraction co-registered to MR (SISCOM predicted good surgical outcomes in the last follow-up (69.2%, Engel I. This study suggests that PET and SISCOM may predict postoperative outcomes for patients after multilobar epilepsy and shows comparable long-term surgical outcomes after multilobar resection.

  4. [Surgical treatment of rectal prolapse with transanal resection according to Altemeier. Experience and results].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carditello, Antonio; Milone, Antonino; Stilo, Francesco; Mollo, Francesco; Basile, Maurizio

    2003-01-01

    In recent years the number of patients with partial or total rectal prolapse has increased. Numerous techniques and surgical approaches have been described for its treatment. In this study we examine the main ones and stress the advantages of the transanal-perineal resection technique according to Altemeier and modified by Prasad, which we have used to treat the condition in the last 15 years. From 1988 to 2002, 269 patients with "haemorrhoidal prolapse" were referred to our department; 146 were females (54%), and the mean age was 58 years. Clinical examination and proctosigmoidoscopy revealed the presence of total rectal prolapse in 41 patients (15%, 32 F, 9 M), complicated in 4 cases by moderate incontinence and associated in 3 cases with post-haemorrhoidectomy stenosis. These 41 patients underwent transanal resection according to Altemeier. Thirty-four of them (83%) were operated on under local anaesthesia with sedation, 5 patients (12%) under peridural anaesthesia and 2 patients (5%) under narcosis. The mean hospital stay was 5 days and depended on the time of the first spontaneous evacuation. Check-ups were performed after 7 days, 1 months and every 3 months for 1 year. There was no postoperative mortality, and only 1 case of postoperative haemorrhage, which did not require reoperation, in a patient with a previous myocardial infarct who spontaneously continued to take salicylates up to 24 h before surgery. Thirty-three patients (80%) had their first postoperative evacuation within 48 h of surgery after taking sorbitol orally in the evening, 6 patients (15%) within 72 h, and 2 patients (5%) on postoperative day 4. No evacuative enemas were performed. We observed clinical healing in all patients 1 month after the operation, and regular, spontaneous evacuations without the use of oral laxatives. Stool or gas incontinence were never observed or reported. During the follow-up, only in 2% of cases did we observe partial recurrence of the prolapse. The choice

  5. Prevalence of the CTNNB1 mutation genotype in surgically resected fibromatosis of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Taeeun; Jung, Eun Ah; Song, Ji Young; Roh, Ji Hyeon; Choi, Jong Sun; Kwon, Jee Eun; Kang, So Young; Cho, Eun Yoon; Shin, Jung Hee; Nam, Suk-Jin; Yang, Jung Hyun; Choi, Yoon-La

    2012-01-01

    To investigate CTNNB1 mutation and β-catenin expression in resected breast fibromatosis and to identify potential molecular markers of fibromatosis of the breast. We selected 12 patients with fibromatosis of the breast who underwent surgical resection and were confirmed by histological examination. Ultrasonography findings for 10 patients were reviewed and only two cases were suspicious for fibromatosis on imaging. On core needle biopsy for pre-operative diagnoses, only three cases were histologically suspicious for fibromatosis. Mutations in exon 3 of CTNNB1 were detected by direct DNA sequencing in nine (75.0%) cases: all were c.121G>A (p.T41A), which was much more frequent in breast fibromatoses than in other soft tissue lesions. Nuclear β-catenin expression was observed in all cases and the level of expression was higher in cases with mutation. In eight of nine cases, the matched biopsy specimen showed the same CTNNB1 mutation status as the pre-operative specimen. In the majority of cases, clinical presentation and breast imaging are highly suspicious for carcinoma. Definitive pre-operative pathological diagnosis by core needle biopsy is difficult. CTNNB1 mutation and nuclear β-catenin expression are frequently detected in sporadic breast fibromatoses, suggesting their potential as a useful tool to distinguish breast fibromatoses from other neoplasms. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Limited.

  6. Concomitant high gene copy number and protein overexpression of IGF1R and EGFR negatively affect disease-free survival of surgically resected non-small-cell-lung cancer patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flacco, A.; Bianconi, F.; Ragusa, M.; Vannucci, J.; Bellezza, G.; Chiari, R.; Minotti, V.; Pistola, L.; Tofanetti, F. R.; Siggillino, A.; Baldelli, E.; Sidoni, A.; Daddi, N.; Puma, F.; Varella-Garcia, M.; Crinò, L.

    2014-01-01

    Background Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) represents a novel molecular target in non-small-cell-lung cancer (NSCLC). IGF1R and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation are essential to mediate tumor cell survival, proliferation, and invasion. This study investigates the prognostic role of IGF1R and EGFR in surgically resected NSCLC. Materials and methods IGF1R and EGFR copy number gain (CNG) were tested by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 125 stage I–II–IIIA NSCLC patients. Results Fourty-six tumors (40.3 %) were IGF1R FISH-positive (FISH+), and 76 (67.2 %) were EGFR FISH+. Tumors with concomitant IGF1R/EGFR FISH+ were observed in 34 cases (30.1 %). IGF1R and EGFR FISH+ were associated with SCC histology (p = 0.01 and p = 0.04, respectively). IGF1R and EGFR protein over-expression (IHC+) were detected in 45 (36.0 %) and 69 (55.2 %) cases, respectively. Tumors with concomitant IGF1R/EGFR IHC+ were detected in 31 (24.8 %) patients. IGF1R/EGFR FISH+ and IGF1R/EGFR IHC+ were significantly associated (χ2 = 4.02, p = 0.04). Patients with IGF1R/EGFR FISH+ and IGF1R/EGFR IHC+ were associated with shorter disease-free survival (DFS) (p = 0.05 and p = 0.05, respectively). Patients with concomitant IGF1R/EGFR FISH+/IHC+ had a worse DFS and overall survival (p = 0.005 and p = 0.01, respectively). The multivariate model confirmed that IGF1R/EGFR FISH+/IHC+ (hazard ratio (HR), 4.08; p = 0.01) and tumor stage (II–III vs I) (HR, 4.77; p = 0.003) were significantly associated with worse DFS. Conclusions IGF1R/EGFR FISH+ correlates with IGF1R/EGFR IHC+. IGF1R/EGFR FISH+/IHC+ is an independent negative prognostic factor for DFS in early NSCLC. These features may have important implications for future anti-IGF1R therapeutic approaches. PMID:23314677

  7. Solitary Plasmacytoma of the Cecum and the Ascending Colon: Surgical Resection as a Treatment Modality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalgic, Tahsin; Bostanci, Erdal Birol; Cakir, Tebessum; Ozer, Ilter; Ulas, Murat; Aydog, Gulden; Akoglu, Musa

    2015-01-01

    Colonic solitary plasmacytoma is a rare disease, with few reports occurring in the literature. Solitary plasmacytoma is defined as a plasma cell tumour with no evidence of bone marrow infiltration. Plasmacytoma can present as a solitary tumour in bone or in other parts of the body. The gastrointestinal tract is rarely the site of the disease. We report on the case of a 51-year-old man presenting with a colonic symptomatic mass with unclear biopsy results. A resected specimen showed a solitary plasmacytoma. Surgical resection was an adequate treatment modality in this case. Endoscopic resection, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are also preferred treatments in selected gastrointestinal plasmacytoma cases. PMID:25954564

  8. Solitary Plasmacytoma of the Cecum and the Ascending Colon: Surgical Resection as a Treatment Modality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tahsin Dalgic

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Colonic solitary plasmacytoma is a rare disease, with few reports occurring in the literature. Solitary plasmacytoma is defined as a plasma cell tumour with no evidence of bone marrow infiltration. Plasmacytoma can present as a solitary tumour in bone or in other parts of the body. The gastrointestinal tract is rarely the site of the disease. We report on the case of a 51-year-old man presenting with a colonic symptomatic mass with unclear biopsy results. A resected specimen showed a solitary plasmacytoma. Surgical resection was an adequate treatment modality in this case. Endoscopic resection, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are also preferred treatments in selected gastrointestinal plasmacytoma cases.

  9. MR and CT diagnosis of carotid pseudoaneurysm in children following surgical resection of craniopharyngioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakhanpal, S K; Glasier, C M; James, C A; Angtuaco, E J

    1995-01-01

    We report the cases of two children who underwent CT, MR, MRA and angiography in the diagnosis of postoperative aneurysmal dilatation of the supraclinoid carotid arteries following surgical resection of craniopharyngioma. Craniopharyngiomas are relatively common lesions, accounting for 6-7% of brain tumors in children. They are histologically benign, causing symptoms by their growth within the sella and suprasellar cistern with compression of adjacent structures, especially the pituitary gland, hypothalamus and optic nerves, chiasm, and tracts. Complete surgical resection, particularly of large tumors, is complicated by the fact that the lesions are usually found within the circle of Willis, with displacement and adherence to the adventitia of these vessels [1, 2]. Recent reports in the neurosurgical literature have described aneurysmal dilatation of the supraclinoid internal carotid arteries following aggressive surgical resection of craniopharyngioma [3, 4].

  10. Ultrasound and MRI predictors of surgical bowel resection in pediatric Crohn disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenbaum, Daniel G; Conrad, Maire A; Biko, David M; Ruchelli, Eduardo D; Kelsen, Judith R; Anupindi, Sudha A

    2017-01-01

    Imaging predictors for surgery in children with Crohn disease are lacking. To identify imaging features of the terminal ileum on short-interval bowel ultrasound (US) and MR enterography (MRE) in children with Crohn disease requiring surgical bowel resection and those managed by medical therapy alone. This retrospective study evaluated patients 18 years and younger with Crohn disease undergoing short-interval bowel US and MRE (within 2 months of one another), as well as subsequent ileocecectomy or endoscopy within 3 months of imaging. Appearance of the terminal ileum on both modalities was compared between surgical patients and those managed with medical therapy, with the following parameters assessed: bowel wall thickness, mural stratification, vascularity, fibrofatty proliferation, abscess, fistula and stricture on bowel US; bowel wall thickness, T2 ratio, enhancement pattern, mesenteric edema, fibrofatty proliferation, abscess, fistula and stricture on MRE. A two-sided t-test was used to compare means, a Mann-Whitney U analysis was used for non-parametric parameter scores, and a chi-square or two-sided Fisher exact test compared categorical variables. Imaging findings in surgical patients were correlated with location-matched histopathological scores of inflammation and fibrosis using a scoring system adapted from the Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn Disease, and a Spearman rank correlation coefficient was used to compare inflammation and fibrosis on histopathology. Twenty-two surgical patients (mean age: 16.5 years; male/female: 13/9) and 20 nonsurgical patients (mean age: 14.8; M/F: 8/12) were included in the final analysis. On US, the surgical group demonstrated significantly increased mean bowel wall thickness (6.1 mm vs. 4.7 mm for the nonsurgical group; P = 0.01), loss of mural stratification (odds ratio [OR] = 6.3; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4-28.4; P = 0.02) and increased fibrofatty proliferation (P = 0.04). On MRE, the

  11. Ultrasound and MRI predictors of surgical bowel resection in pediatric Crohn disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosenbaum, Daniel G. [NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medicine, Division of Pediatric Radiology, New York, NY (United States); Conrad, Maire A.; Kelsen, Judith R. [The Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Biko, David M.; Anupindi, Sudha A. [The Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Radiology, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Ruchelli, Eduardo D. [The Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, Division of Anatomic Pathology, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    2017-01-15

    Imaging predictors for surgery in children with Crohn disease are lacking. To identify imaging features of the terminal ileum on short-interval bowel ultrasound (US) and MR enterography (MRE) in children with Crohn disease requiring surgical bowel resection and those managed by medical therapy alone. This retrospective study evaluated patients 18 years and younger with Crohn disease undergoing short-interval bowel US and MRE (within 2 months of one another), as well as subsequent ileocecectomy or endoscopy within 3 months of imaging. Appearance of the terminal ileum on both modalities was compared between surgical patients and those managed with medical therapy, with the following parameters assessed: bowel wall thickness, mural stratification, vascularity, fibrofatty proliferation, abscess, fistula and stricture on bowel US; bowel wall thickness, T2 ratio, enhancement pattern, mesenteric edema, fibrofatty proliferation, abscess, fistula and stricture on MRE. A two-sided t-test was used to compare means, a Mann-Whitney U analysis was used for non-parametric parameter scores, and a chi-square or two-sided Fisher exact test compared categorical variables. Imaging findings in surgical patients were correlated with location-matched histopathological scores of inflammation and fibrosis using a scoring system adapted from the Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn Disease, and a Spearman rank correlation coefficient was used to compare inflammation and fibrosis on histopathology. Twenty-two surgical patients (mean age: 16.5 years; male/female: 13/9) and 20 nonsurgical patients (mean age: 14.8; M/F: 8/12) were included in the final analysis. On US, the surgical group demonstrated significantly increased mean bowel wall thickness (6.1 mm vs. 4.7 mm for the nonsurgical group; P = 0.01), loss of mural stratification (odds ratio [OR] = 6.3; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4-28.4; P = 0.02) and increased fibrofatty proliferation (P = 0.04). On MRE, the surgical group showed

  12. Neoadjuvant Chemo-Radiotherapy for Patients with Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer: A Meta-Analytical Evaluation of Prospective Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Virginia Festa; Maurizio Koch; Angelo Andriulli; Maria Rosaria Valvano; Francesco Perri; Generoso Uomo; Nicola Andriulli; Salvatore Corrao

    2013-01-01

    Context For patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer, the benefit of neoadjuvant therapy remains to be defined.Objective We did a systematic search of the literature on this topic. Methods Prospective studies where chemotherapy withor without radiotherapy was given before surgery to patients with borderline resectable cancer, were analyzed by a metaanalytical approach. Main outcome measures Primary outcome was surgical exploration and resection rates; tumorresponse, therapy-induc...

  13. Primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma with increased serum mesothelin diagnosed by surgical pericardial resection: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurosawa, Takeyuki; Sugino, Keishi; Isobe, Kazutoshi; Hata, Yoshinobu; Fukasawa, Yuri; Homma, Sakae

    2016-11-01

    A 37-year-old female smoker without a history of exposure to asbestos was referred to our hospital with persistent pericardial effusion. Chest computed tomography imaging examination revealed an irregular thickened pericardium with large amounts of pericardial effusion and a small pleural effusion. Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography imaging demonstrated intrapericardial FDG accumulation. Blood tests revealed an increase in serum mesothelin levels. Examination of a surgically resected specimen revealed a grayish-white thickening of the pericardium, with a straw-colored mucinous pericardial effusion. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of epithelioid malignant mesothelioma. Although the patient's condition temporarily improved, with decreased levels of serum mesothelin during chemotherapy with carboplatin and pemetrexed, she succumbed to cardiac tamponade 18 months after the initial onset of the symptoms. Primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma (PMPM) is an extremely rare and refractory disorder. Thus, an early definitive diagnosis and timely treatment are crucial for the management of PMPM.

  14. A Phase 2 Trial of Stereotactic Radiosurgery Boost After Surgical Resection for Brain Metastases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brennan, Cameron [Human Oncology and Pathogenesis Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Neurosurgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Yang, T. Jonathan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Hilden, Patrick; Zhang, Zhigang [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Chan, Kelvin; Yamada, Yoshiya [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Chan, Timothy A. [Human Oncology and Pathogenesis Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Lymberis, Stella C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York (United States); Narayana, Ashwatha [Department of Radiation Oncology, Greenwich Hospital, Greenwich, Connecticut (United States); Tabar, Viviane; Gutin, Philip H. [Department of Neurosurgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Ballangrud, Åse [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Lis, Eric [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Beal, Kathryn, E-mail: BealK@MSKCC.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate local control after surgical resection and postoperative stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for brain metastases. Methods and Materials: A total of 49 patients (50 lesions) were enrolled and available for analysis. Eligibility criteria included histologically confirmed malignancy with 1 or 2 intraparenchymal brain metastases, age ≥18 years, and Karnofsky performance status (KPS) ≥70. A Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to test for significant associations between clinical factors and overall survival (OS). Competing risks regression models, as well as cumulative incidence functions, were fit using the method of Fine and Gray to assess the association between clinical factors and both local failure (LF; recurrence within surgical cavity or SRS target), and regional failure (RF; intracranial metastasis outside of treated volume). Results: The median follow-up was 12.0 months (range, 1.0-94.1 months). After surgical resection, 39 patients with 40 lesions were treated a median of 31 days (range, 7-56 days) later with SRS to the surgical bed to a median dose of 1800 cGy (range, 1500-2200 cGy). Of the 50 lesions, 15 (30%) demonstrated LF after surgery. The cumulative LF and RF rates were 22% and 44% at 12 months. Patients who went on to receive SRS had a significantly lower incidence of LF (P=.008). Other factors associated with improved local control include non-small cell lung cancer histology (P=.048), tumor diameter <3 cm (P=.010), and deep parenchymal tumors (P=.036). Large tumors (≥3 cm) with superficial dural/pial involvement showed the highest risk for LF (53.3% at 12 months). Large superficial lesions treated with SRS had a 54.5% LF. Infratentorial lesions were associated with a higher risk of developing RF compared to supratentorial lesions (P<.001). Conclusions: Postoperative SRS is associated with high rates of local control, especially for deep brain metastases <3 cm. Tumors ≥3 cm with superficial dural

  15. Surgical management of 143 patients with adult primary retroperitoneal tumor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan-Hong Xu; Ke-Jian Guo; Ren-Xuan Guo; Chun-Lin Ge; Yu-Lin Tian; San-Guang He

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To analyze the surgical management of adult primary retroperitoneal tumors (APRT) and the factors influencing the outcome after operation.METHODS: Data of 143 cases of APRT from 1990 to 2003 in the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University were evaluated retrospectively.RESULTS: A total of 143 cases of APRT were treated surgically. Among them, 122 (85.3%) underwent complete resection, 16 (11.2%) incomplete resection,and 3 (3%) surgical biopsies. Twenty-nine (20.2%)underwent tumor resection plus multiple organ resections. Ninety-five malignant cases were followed up for 1 mo to 5 years. The 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year survival rates of the patients subject to complete resection was 94.9%, 76.6% and 34.3% and that of patients with incomplete resection was 80.4%, 6.7%,and 0%, respectively (P < 0.001). The Cox multi-various regression analysis showed the completeness of tumor,sex and histological type were associated closely with local recurrence.CONCLUSION: Sufficient preoperative preparation and complete tumor resection play important roles in reducing recurrence and improving survival.

  16. 5-Fluorouracil and cisplatin therapy after palliative surgical resection of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. A multicenter randomized trial. French Associations for Surgical Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pouliquen, X; Levard, H; Hay, J M; McGee, K; Fingerhut, A; Langlois-Zantin, O

    1996-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The curative rate of surgical resection of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus is low. Reports on the efficacy of preoperative and postoperative chemotherapy are conflicting or have included limited disease or radical surgery alone. OBJECTIVE: The authors' objective was to study the results of chemotherapy on the duration and quality of survival in patients who have undergone palliative surgical resection for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of 124 patients with histologically proven esophageal squamous cell carcinoma situated more than 5 cm from the upper end of the esophagus, 4 patients were withdrawn for failure to comply with the protocol. The remaining 120 patients, 116 males and 4 females (mean age, 57 +/- 9 years), were randomly assigned to either a control group who were to receive no chemotherapy (68 patients) or to a group who were to be treated with chemotherapy (52 patients). Patients were subdivided into two strata as follows: (1) stratum I, complete resection of the tumor with lymph node involvement (62 patients) and (2) stratum ii, incomplete resection leaving macroscopic tumor tissue in situ or with metastases. Noninclusion criteria were histologically proven tracheobronchial involvement, esotracheal fistula, major alteration of general health status (Karnofsky score 30% of parenchyma) hepatic metastasis, peritoneal carcinomatosis, associated or previously treated upper airway cancer, or, conversely, complete resection of tumor without lymph node involvement. Chemotherapy was given in 5-day courses, every 28 days, with a maximum of 8 courses. Cisplatin was administered either as a single dose of 100 mg/m2 at the beginning of the course or as 20 mg/m2/day for 5 days given over 3 hours. 5- Fluorouracil (5-FU) (100 mg/m2/day) was infused over 24 hours for 5 days. The duration of treatment ranged from 6 to 8 months. The main aim was to establish median survival and actuarial survival curves. The subsidiary aim

  17. Multidisciplinary Management of a Giant Plexiform Neurofibroma by Double Sequential Preoperative Embolization and Surgical Resection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Vélez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Plexiform neurofibromas are benign tumors originating from subcutaneous or visceral peripheral nerves, which are usually associated with neurofibromatosis type 1. Giant neurofibromas are very difficult to manage surgically as they are extensively infiltrative and highly vascularized. These types of lesions require complex preoperative and postoperative management strategies. This case report describes a 22-year-old female with a giant plexiform neurofibroma of the lower back and buttock who underwent pre-operative embolization and intraoperative use of a linear cutting stapler system to assist with haemostasis during the surgical resection. Minimal blood transfusion was required and the patient made a good recovery. This case describes how a multidisciplinary management of these large and challenging lesions is technically feasible and appears to be beneficial in reducing perioperative blood loss and morbidity. Giant neurofibroma is a poorly defined term used to describe a neurofibroma that has grown to a significant but undefined size. Through a literature review, we propose that the term “giant neurofibroma” be used for referring to those neurofibromas weighing 20% or more of the patient's total corporal weight.

  18. Extent of resection of peritumoral diffusion tensor imaging-detected abnormality as a predictor of survival in adult glioblastoma patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yan, Jiun-Lin; van der Hoorn, Anouk; Larkin, Timothy J.; Boonzaier, Natalie R.; Matys, Tomasz; Price, Stephen J.

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been shown to detect tumor invasion in glioblastoma patients and has been applied in surgical planning. However, the clinical value of the extent of resection based on DTI is unclear. Therefore, the correlation between the extent of resection of DTI abnor

  19. Extent of resection of peritumoral diffusion tensor imaging-detected abnormality as a predictor of survival in adult glioblastoma patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yan, Jiun-Lin; van der Hoorn, Anouk; Larkin, Timothy J; Boonzaier, Natalie R; Matys, Tomasz; Price, Stephen J

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been shown to detect tumor invasion in glioblastoma patients and has been applied in surgical planning. However, the clinical value of the extent of resection based on DTI is unclear. Therefore, the correlation between the extent of resection of DTI abnor

  20. Long-term survival after surgical resection for huge hepatocellular carcinoma: comparison with transarterial chemoembolization after propensity score matching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, Yang Won; Lee, Jun Hee; Gwak, Geum-Youn; Paik, Yong Han; Lee, Joon Hyoek; Rhee, Poong-Lyul; Koh, Kwang Cheol; Paik, Seung Woon; Yoo, Byung Chul; Choi, Moon Seok

    2014-05-01

    Surgical resection (SR) and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) have been commonly applied for patients with huge hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, optimal treatment has not been established. Between 2000 and 2009, 267 patients with huge HCC (≥ 10 cm) underwent TACE and 84 underwent SR as the first treatment. Propensity score matching generated a matched cohort composed of 152 patients. We investigated overall survival and possible prognostic factors. At baseline, the surgery group showed a tendency to have solitary tumor (72.6% vs 39.3%, P huge HCC. © 2013 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  1. Pseudo-tumoral hepatic tuberculosis discovered after surgical resection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloudi Nizar

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Pseudo-tumoral hepatic tuberculosis is rare. It is characterized by non-specific symptoms and radiological polymorphism. Diagnosis is problematic. This article presents three cases, each clinically different from each other, that illustrate how difficult diagnosis can be. The definitive diagnosis of pseudo-tumoral hepatic tuberculosis was reached on the basis of histological examination of surgical samples. Treatment of the disease based on appropriate anti-tubercular therapy generally gives a positive outcome.

  2. [Long-term survival after surgical resection of a cancer of unknown primary site-a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsukao, Yukiko; Moon, Jeong Ho; Kobayashi, Kenji; Hyuga, Satoshi; Chono, Teruhiro; Watanabe, Risa; Matsumoto, Takashi; Takemoto, Hiroyoshi; Takachi, Ko; Nishioka, Kiyonori; Aoki, Taro; Uemura, Yoshio

    2013-11-01

    We report a case of long-term survival after combination chemotherapy and surgical resection of a cancer of unknown primary site[ CUPs]. A septuagenarian female was identified as having high blood levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) during follow-up monitoring of asthma. Endoscopy and imaging studies including computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET)-CT revealed a malignant lymph node adjacent to the abdominal aorta; however, no other lesion was detected. Therefore, we performed CT-guided biopsy and diagnosed the lesion to be a lymph node metastasis of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. As we considered this as a systemic disease, the patient received 2 courses of combination chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil( 5-FU)/cisplatin( CDDP) and achieved a partial response (PR). Later, the patient received S-1 therapy as second-line chemotherapy and S-1/irinotecan( CPT-11) as third-line chemotherapy in an outpatient clinic. However, the tumor continued to grow, and therefore, we decided to perform surgical resection. Histopathological examination of the resected specimen yielded a diagnosis of metastatic adenocarcinoma of the lymph node. The patient has been well without any signs of recurrence for more than 9 years since surgery. As CUPs is generally associated with poor prognosis, this case raises the possibility that combination therapy might improve convalescence.

  3. Surgical Planning by 3D Printing for Primary Cardiac Schwannoma Resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Son, Kuk Hui; Kim, Kun-Woo; Ahn, Chi Bum; Choi, Chang Hu; Park, Kook Yang; Park, Chul Hyun; Lee, Jae-Ik; Jeon, Yang Bin

    2015-11-01

    We report herein a case of benign cardiac schwannoma in the interatrial septum. A 42-year-old woman was transferred from a clinic because of cardiomegaly as determined by chest X-ray. A transthoracic echocardiography and chest computed tomography examination revealed a huge mass in the pericardium compressing the right atrium, superior vena cava (SVC), left atrium, and superior pulmonary vein. To confirm that the tumor originated from either heart or mediastinum, cine magnetic resonance imaging was performed, but the result was not conclusive. To facilitate surgical planning, we used 3D printing. Using a printed heart model, we decided that tumor resection under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) through sternotomy would be technically feasible. At surgery, a huge tumor in the interatrial septum was confirmed. By incision on the atrial roof between the aorta and SVC, tumor enucleation was performed successfully under CPB. Pathology revealed benign schwannoma. The patient was discharged without complication. 3D printing of the heart and tumor was found to be helpful when deciding optimal surgical approach.

  4. Laparoscopic Colorectal Cancer Resection in High-Volume Surgical Centers: Long-Term Outcomes from the LAPCOLON Group Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huscher, Cristiano G S; Bretagnol, Frederic; Corcione, Francesco

    2015-08-01

    Strong evidence has confirmed the benefit of laparoscopy in colorectal cancer resection but remains a challenging procedure. It is not clear that such promising results in selected patients translate into a favorable risk-benefit balance in real practice. We conducted a multicenter national observational registry to assess operative and oncologic long-term outcomes following laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection. All patients with laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection between 2001 and 2004 were included. Data were extracted from the prospective Italian national database of 10 high-volume centers (≥40 colorectal cancer laparoscopic resections per year). Surgical technique and follow-up were standardized. Survivals were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. We reported 1832 patients with colon (58.5%) and rectal cancer (41.5%). TNM stage was 0-I-II in 1044 patients (57%) and III-IV in 788 patients (43%). Surgery included a totally laparoscopic procedure in 1820 patients (99.3%). Conversion was 10.5%. Postoperative morbidity and 30-day mortality rates were 17 and 1.2%, respectively. Clinical anastomotic leakage rate was 8.3% (n=152). R0 resection was 95%. With a median follow-up of 54.2 months, cancer recurrence rate was 13.3%. At 5 years, cancer-free survival was 86.7%. Upon multivariate analysis, age (P=0.001) and TNM stage (Pcancer-free survival. Predictive factors of cancer recurrence were gender (P=0.029) and TNM stage (Pcancer achieves good operative results with satisfactory long-term oncologic results. Even in the laparoscopy era, age, gender, and TNM stage remain the most powerful predictor of oncologic outcomes.

  5. Survival benefit in patients after palliative resection vs non-resection colon cancer surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A Beham; M Rentsch; K Püllmann; L Mantouvalou; H Spatz; HJ Schlitt; A Obed

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate survival in patients undergoing palliative resection versus non-resection surgery for primary colorectal cancer in a retrospective analysis.METHODS: Demographics, TNM status, operating details and survival were reviewed for 67 patients undergoing surgery for incurable colorectal cancer. Palliative resection of the primary tumor was performed in 46 cases in contrast to 21 patients with non-resection of the primary tumor and bypass surgery. Risk factors for postoperative mortality and poor survival were analyzed with univariate and multivariate analyses.RESULTS: The two groups were comparable in terms of age, gender, preoperative presence of ileus and tumor stage. Multivariate analysis showed that median survival was significantly higher in patients with palliative resection surgery (544 vs 233 d). Differentiation of the tumor and tumor size were additional independent factors that were associated with a significantly poorer survival rate.CONCLUSION: Palliative resection surgery for primary colorectal cancer is associated with a higher median survival rate. Also, the presence of liver metastasis and tumor size are associated with poor survival. Therefore,resection of the primary tumor should be considered in patients with non-curable colon cancer.

  6. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy following resective epilepsy surgery in two patients withdrawn from anticonvulsants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansouri, Alireza; Alhadid, Kenda; Valiante, Taufik A

    2015-09-01

    We report sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) following resective epilepsy surgery in two patients who had been documented as seizure free. One patient had been weaned off of anticonvulsants and was leading a normal life. The other patient had discontinued only one anticonvulsant but had recently started working night shifts. Following resective epilepsy surgery, one of the major objectives among patients, caregivers, and the healthcare team is to safely wean patients off anticonvulsant medications. The main concern regarding anticonvulsant withdrawal is seizure recurrence. While SUDEP following surgical resection has been reported, to our knowledge, there have been no confirmed cases in patients who have been seizure free. Considering the patients reported here, and given that there are no concrete guidelines for the safe withdrawal of anticonvulsants following epilepsy surgery, the discontinuation of anticonvulsants should be considered carefully and must be accompanied by close monitoring and counseling of patients regarding activities that lower seizure threshold, even after successful epilepsy surgery.

  7. Surgical strategy to avoid ischemic complications of the pyramidal tract in resective epilepsy surgery of the insula: technical case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikegaya, Naoki; Takahashi, Akio; Kaido, Takanobu; Kaneko, Yuu; Iwasaki, Masaki; Kawahara, Nobutaka; Otsuki, Taisuke

    2017-06-09

    Surgical treatment of the insula is notorious for its high probability of motor complications, particularly when resecting the superoposterior part. Ischemic damage to the pyramidal tract in the corona radiata has been regarded as the cause of these complications, resulting from occlusion of the perforating arteries to the pyramidal tract through the insular cortex. The authors describe a strategy in which a small piece of gray matter is spared at the bottom of the periinsular sulcus, where the perforating arteries pass en route to the pyramidal tract, in order to avoid these complications. This method was successfully applied in 3 patients harboring focal cortical dysplasia in the posterior insula and frontoparietal operculum surrounding the periinsular sulcus. None of the patients developed permanent postoperative motor deficits, and seizure control was achieved in all 3 cases. The method described in this paper can be adopted for functional preservation of the pyramidal tract in the corona radiata when resecting epileptogenic pathologies involving insular and opercular regions.

  8. HER2 testing on core needle biopsy specimens from primary breast cancers: interobserver reproducibility and concordance with surgically resected specimens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamamoto Sohei

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Accurate evaluation of human epidermal growth factor receptor type-2 (HER2 status based on core needle biopsy (CNB specimens is mandatory for identification of patients with primary breast cancer who will benefit from primary systemic therapy with trastuzumab. The aim of the present study was to validate the application of HER2 testing with CNB specimens from primary breast cancers in terms of interobserver reproducibility and comparison with surgically resected specimens. Methods A total of 100 pairs of archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded CNB and surgically resected specimens of invasive breast carcinomas were cut into sections. All 100 paired sections were subjected to HER2 testing by immunohistochemistry (IHC and 27 paired sections were subjected to that by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH, the results being evaluated by three and two observers, respectively. Interobserver agreement levels in terms of judgment and the concordance of consensus scores between CNB samples and the corresponding surgically resected specimens were estimated as the percentage agreement and κ statistic. Results In CNB specimens, the percentage interobserver agreement of HER2 scoring by IHC was 76% (κ = 0.71 for 3 × 3 categories (0-1+ versus 2+ versus 3+ and 90% (κ = 0.80 for 2 × 2 categories (0-2+ versus 3+. These levels were close to the corresponding ones for the surgically resected specimens: 80% (κ = 0.77 for 3 × 3 categories and 92% (κ = 0.88 for 2 × 2 categories. Concordance of consensus for HER2 scores determined by IHC between CNB and the corresponding surgical specimens was 87% (κ = 0.77 for 3 × 3 categories, and 94% (κ = 0.83 for 2 × 2 categories. Among the 13 tumors showing discordance in the mean IHC scores between the CNB and surgical specimens, the results of consensus for FISH results were concordant in 11. The rate of successful FISH analysis and the FISH positivity rate in cases with a HER2 IHC score of

  9. Pre-operative embolization facilitating a posterior approach for the surgical resection of giant sacral neurogenic tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kangwu; Zhou, Ming; Yang, Huilin; Qian, Zhonglai; Wang, Genlin; Wu, Guizhong; Zhu, Xiaoyu; Sun, Zhiyong

    2013-07-01

    The present study aimed to assess a posterior approach for the surgical resection of giant sacral neurogenic tumors, and to evaluate the oncological and functional outcomes. A total of 16 patients with giant sacral neurogenic tumors underwent pre-operative embolization and subsequent posterior sacral resection between January 2000 and June 2010. Benign tumors were identified in 12 cases, while four cases exhibited malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs). An evaluation of the operative techniques used, the level of blood loss, any complications and the functional and oncological outcomes was performed. All tumor masses were removed completely without intra-operative shock or fatalities. The mean tumor size was 17.5 cm (range, 11.5-28 cm) at the greatest diameter. The average level of intra-operative blood loss was 1,293 ml (range, 400-4,500 ml). Wound complications occurred in four patients (25%), including three cases of cutaneous necrosis and one wound infection. The mean follow-up time was 59 months (range, 24-110 months). Tumor recurrence or patient mortality as a result of the disease did not occur in any of the patients with benign sacral neurogenic tumors. The survival rate of the patients with malignant lesions was 75% (3/4 patients) since 25 % (1/4 patients) had multiple local recurrences and succumbed to the disease. The patients with benign tumors scored an average of 92.8% on the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score functional evaluation, while the patients with malignant tumors scored an average of 60.3%. A posterior approach for the surgical resection of giant sacral neurogenic tumors, combined with pre-operative embolization may be safely conducted with satisfactory oncological and functional outcomes.

  10. Portal Vein Embolization as an Oncosurgical Strategy Prior to Major Hepatic Resection: Anatomic, Surgical, and Technical Considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orcutt, Sonia T; Kobayashi, Katsuhiro; Sultenfuss, Mark; Hailey, Brian S; Sparks, Anthony; Satpathy, Bighnesh; Anaya, Daniel A

    2016-01-01

    Preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) is used to extend the indications for major hepatic resection, and it has become the standard of care for selected patients with hepatic malignancies treated at major hepatobiliary centers. To date, various techniques with different embolic materials have been used with similar results in the degree of liver hypertrophy. Regardless of the specific strategy used, both surgeons and interventional radiologists must be familiar with each other's techniques to be able to create the optimal plan for each individual patient. Knowledge of the segmental anatomy of the liver is paramount to fully understand the liver segments that need to be embolized and resected. Understanding the portal vein anatomy and the branching variations, along with the techniques used to transect the portal vein during hepatic resection, is important because these variables can affect the PVE procedure and the eventual surgical resection. Comprehension of the advantages and disadvantages of approaches to the portal venous system and the various embolic materials used for PVE is essential to best tailor the procedures for each patient and to avoid complications. Before PVE, meticulous assessment of the portal vein branching anatomy is performed with cross-sectional imaging, and embolization strategies are developed based on the patient's anatomy. The PVE procedure consists of several technical steps, and knowledge of these technical tips, potential complications, and how to avoid the complications in each step is of great importance for safe and successful PVE and ultimately successful hepatectomy. Because PVE is used as an adjunct to planned hepatic resection, priority must always be placed on safety, without compromising the integrity of the future liver remnant, and close collaboration between interventional radiologists and hepatobiliary surgeons is essential to achieve successful outcomes.

  11. Pre-surgical integration of FMRI and DTI of the sensorimotor system in transcortical resection of a high-grade insular astrocytoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chelsea eEkstrand

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Herein we report on a patient with a WHO Grade III astrocytoma in the right insular region in close proximity to the internal capsule who underwent a right frontotemporal craniotomy. Total gross resection of insular gliomas remains surgically challenging based on the possibility of damage to the corticospinal tracts. However, maximizing the extent of resection has been shown to decrease future adverse outcomes. Thus, the goal of such surgeries should focus on maximizing extent of resection while minimizing possible adverse outcomes. In this case, pre-surgical planning included integration of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI, to localize motor and sensory pathways. Novel fMRI tasks were individually developed for the patient to maximize both somatosensory and motor activation simultaneously in areas in close proximity to the tumor. Information obtained was used to optimize resection trajectory and extent, facilitating gross total resection of the astrocytoma. Across all three motor-sensory tasks administered, fMRI revealed an area of interest just superior and lateral to the astrocytoma. Further, DTI analyses showed displacement of the corona radiata around the superior dorsal surface of the astrocytoma, extending in the direction of the activation found using fMRI. Taking into account these results, a transcortical superior temporal gyrus surgical approach was chosen in order to avoid the area of interest identified by fMRI and DTI. Total gross resection was achieved and minor post-surgical motor and sensory deficits were temporary. This case highlights the utility of comprehensive pre-surgical planning, including fMRI and DTI, to maximize surgical outcomes on a case-by-case basis.

  12. Risk factors associated with recurrence of surgically resected node-positive non-small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohtaki, Yoichi; Shimizu, Kimihiro; Kaira, Kyoichi; Nagashima, Toshiteru; Obayashi, Kai; Nakazawa, Seshiru; Kakegawa, Seiichi; Igai, Hitoshi; Kamiyoshihara, Mitsuhiro; Nishiyama, Masahiko; Takeyoshi, Izumi

    2016-10-01

    The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for recurrence in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with lymph node metastases after surgical resection. We reviewed 66 consecutive patients with surgically resected NSCLC who had pathologically proven positive lymph nodes (pN1 or pN2). All patients underwent a preoperative 2-[(18)F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) evaluation. We analyzed the recurrence-free survival (RFS) and recurrence-free proportion (RFP) according to the clinicopathological factors. A total of 27 patients were pathologically N1 and 39 were N2. The 5-year overall survival rate and the RFS rate were 47.2 and 27.7 %, respectively. The cut-off values for the SUVmax of the tumor and the lymph node ratio (LNR) were determined to be 6.5 and 0.12, respectively, using a receiver operating characteristics curve analysis. Both univariate and multivariate analyses revealed three significant independent factors for RFS: namely, the SUVmax of the tumor, the LNR, and the use of adjuvant chemotherapy. Only the SUVmax was an independent significant predictor of the RFP. Both the SUVmax and the LNR can serve as prognostic factors for patients with pN + NSCLC. Our study suggests that the LNR could be a stronger prognostic factor than the N classification of the TNM system and the SUVmax may predict recurrence in node-positive NSCLC patients.

  13. Locally recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer after complete surgical resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, E G; Brindle, J S; Creagan, E T; Foote, R L; Trastek, V F; Buskirk, S J

    1992-12-01

    Between Jan. 1, 1976, and Dec. 31, 1985, at our institution, 37 patients who had undergone prior complete surgical resection of non-small-cell lung cancer received definitive thoracic radiation therapy (TRT) for locally recurrent disease. Of the 37 recurrences, 33 were in the pulmonary parenchyma or the hilar, mediastinal, or supraclavicular lymph nodes; the other 4 were in the chest wall. The initial stage of disease was I in 43%, II in 35%, and IIIA in 19%, whereas at the time of local recurrence, the stage was I in 8%, II in 11%, IIIA in 57%, IIIB in 22%, and IV in 3% (this patient had multiple pulmonary nodules encompassible within a single TRT field). The locally recurrent lesions were squamous cell carcinoma in 30%, adenocarcinoma or large-cell carcinoma in 46%, mixed types in 5%, and unknown type in 19%. All patients received megavoltage TRT, most often 4,000 cGy in 10 fractions administered in a split-course schedule. In addition, 15 patients received multiagent chemotherapy, usually a combination of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and cisplatin or a regimen that included these drugs. The 2-year and 5-year survivals were 30% and 4%, respectively, and the median duration of survival was 13.7 months. Survival was not improved by the addition of chemotherapy. Approximately half of the patients had radiographic and symptomatic responses after TRT. Of 33 patients assessable for post-TRT patterns of failure, 46% had local failure only, 18% had local plus systemic failure, and 32% had systemic failure only. Two-thirds of the patients died as a direct consequence of progressive chest disease, despite receiving TRT.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  14. Endoscopic resection of cavernoma of foramen of Monro in a patient with familial multiple cavernomatosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prat, Ricardo; Galeano, Inmaculada

    2008-09-01

    Intraventricular cavernomas are extremely infrequent and only 11 cases of cavernous hemangioma to occur at the foramen of Monro have been reported in the literature. This 56 years old patient was admitted with progressive and intractable headache of 10 days of evolution. He was known to suffer familial multiple cavernomatosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), revealed obstructive hydrocephalus due to a cavernoma located in the area of the left foramen of Monro. Under neuronavigation guidance, complete endoscopic resection of the cavernoma was performed and normal ventricular size achieved. The patient experienced transient recent memory loss that resolved within a month after surgery. In the literature attempted endoscopic resection is reported to be abandoned due to bleeding and ineffectiveness of piecemeal endoscopic resection. In this case, the multiplicity of the lesions made it advisable to resect the lesion endoscopically, to avoid an open procedure in a patient with multiple potentially surgical lesions. Endoscopic resection was uneventful with easy control of bleeding with irrigation, suction, and bipolar coagulation despite dense vascular appearance of the lesion. During the procedure, precise visualization of the vascular structures around the foramen of Monro allowed complete resection with satisfactory control of the instruments. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first published cavernoma of foramen of Monro successfully resected using an endoscopic approach.

  15. Portal Vein Embolization as an Oncosurgical Strategy Prior to Major Hepatic Resection: Anatomic, Surgical and Technical Considerations for Successful Outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Tewani Orcutt

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE is used to extend the indications for major hepatic resection, and it has become the standard of care for selected patients with hepatic malignancies treated at major hepatobiliary centers. To date, various techniques with different embolic materials have been used with similar results in the degree of liver hypertrophy. Regardless of the specific strategy used, both surgeons and interventional radiologists must be familiar with each other’s techniques to be able to create the optimal plan for each individual patient. Knowledge of the segmental anatomy of the liver is paramount to fully understand the liver segments that need to be embolized and resected. Understanding the portal vein anatomy and the branching variations, along with the techniques used to transect the portal vein during hepatic resection, is important because these variables can affect the PVE procedure and the eventual surgical resection. Comprehension of the advantages and disadvantages of approaches to the portal venous system and the various embolic materials used for PVE is essential to best tailor the procedures for each patient and to avoid complications. Before PVE, meticulous assessment of the portal vein branching anatomy is performed with cross-sectional imaging, and embolization strategies are developed based on the patient’s anatomy. The PVE procedure consists of several technical steps, and knowledge of these technical tips, potential complications and how to avoid the complications in each step is of great importance for safe and successful PVE, and ultimately successful hepatectomy. Because PVE is used as an adjunct to planned hepatic resection, priority must always be placed on safety, without compromising the integrity of the future liver remnant, and close collaboration between interventional radiologists and hepatobiliary surgeons is essential to achieve successful outcomes.

  16. Surgical treatment of synchronous colorectal liver and lung metastases:the usefulness of thoracophrenolaparotomy for single stage resection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Daniele Del Fabbro; Marco Alloisio; Fabio Procopio; Matteo Cimino; Matteo Donadon; Angela Palmisano; Luca Viganò; Guido Torzilli

    2016-01-01

    When suitable, surgery still remains the therapeu-tic option to be preferred for patients carrier of colorectal liver and lung metastases. Since thoracophrenolaparotomy should be helpful during liver resection for some of these patients, si-multaneous removal of right lung metastases can be proposed through this approach. Eleven consecutive patients (median age of 53 years) carrier of colorectal liver and lung metastases, underwent single session surgical resection of both liver and right lung lesions by means of J-shaped thoracophrenolapa-rotomy. The median number of liver metastases removed was 5 (range 2-30) and of lung metastases removed was 2 (range 1-3). Lung metastases were located in the upper lobe in 1 pa-tient, in the middle lobe in 2, in the lower lobe in 6, and in the upper and lower lobe in 2. Mortality and major morbidity were nil. Two patients had a minor morbidity: one had wound infection and bile leakage treated conservatively and the other had transient fever. Mean overall survival was 24.4 months. An aggressive surgical approach should be undertaken for colorectal metastases: in case of multifocal liver disease with complex presentations, J-shaped thoracophrenolaparotomy could be considered as safe approach for combined liver and right lung metastasectomies.

  17. HFSRT of the resection cavity in patients with brain metastases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Specht, Hanno M.; Oechsner, Markus [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Klinik fuer RadioOnkologie und Strahlentherapie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Munich (Germany); Kessel, Kerstin A. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Klinik fuer RadioOnkologie und Strahlentherapie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Munich (Germany); Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, Institut fuer Innovative Radiotherapie, Oberschleissheim (Germany); Meyer, Bernhard [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Neurochirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Munich (Germany); Zimmer, Claus [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Abteilung Neuroradiologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Munich (Germany); Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Deutsches Konsortium fuer Translationale Krebsforschung, Munich (Germany); Combs, Stephanie E. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Klinik fuer RadioOnkologie und Strahlentherapie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Munich (Germany); Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, Institut fuer Innovative Radiotherapie, Oberschleissheim (Germany); Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Deutsches Konsortium fuer Translationale Krebsforschung, Munich (Germany)

    2016-06-15

    Aim of this single center, retrospective study was to assess the efficacy and safety of linear accelerator-based hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HFSRT) to the resection cavity of brain metastases after surgical resection. Local control (LC), locoregional control (LRC = new brain metastases outside of the treatment volume), overall survival (OS) as well as acute and late toxicity were evaluated. 46 patients with large (> 3 cm) or symptomatic brain metastases were treated with HFSRT. Median resection cavity volume was 14.16 cm{sup 3} (range 1.44-38.68 cm{sup 3}) and median planning target volume (PTV) was 26.19 cm{sup 3} (range 3.45-63.97 cm{sup 3}). Patients were treated with 35 Gy in 7 fractions prescribed to the 95-100 % isodose line in a stereotactic treatment setup. LC and LRC were assessed by follow-up magnetic resonance imaging. The 1-year LC rate was 88 % and LRC was 48 %; 57% of all patients showed cranial progression after HFSRT (4% local, 44% locoregional, 9% local and locoregional). The median follow-up was 19 months; median OS for the whole cohort was 25 months. Tumor histology and recursive partitioning analysis score were significant predictors for OS. HFSRT was tolerated well without any severe acute side effects > grade 2 according to CTCAE criteria. HFSRT after surgical resection of brain metastases was tolerated well without any severe acute side effects and led to excellent LC and a favorable OS. Since more than half of the patients showed cranial progression after local irradiation of the resection cavity, close patient follow-up is warranted. A prospective evaluation in clinical trials is currently being performed. (orig.) [German] Ziel dieser monozentrischen, retrospektiven Studie war es, die Effektivitaet und Sicherheit einer hypofraktionierter stereotaktischer Radiotherapie (HFSRT) nach chirurgischer Resektion von Hirnmetastasen zu untersuchen. Neben der lokalen Kontrolle (LC), der lokoregionaeren Kontrolle (LRC = neue

  18. Resident training in urology: Bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate - a safe method in learning endoscopic surgical procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Del Rosso

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Modern medicine uses increasingly innovative techniques that require more and more capabilities for acquisition. In the urological department is increasing the presence of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP is the standard of care in their surgical treatment. We report our surgical experience and learning curve of using bipolar plasmakinetic devices in the training of urological residents to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH treatment. Materials and Methods: 80 patients with benign prostatic enlargement due to BPH were enrolled in the study. TURP has been performed by three urological residents and by an expe- rienced urologist. Patients were evaluated before and 6 months after the endoscopic bipolar plasmakinetic resection using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS, maximum uri- nary flow rate (Qmax, postvoid residual urine (PVR and prostate specific antigen (PSA. Results: Overall 60 procedures were performed, 18 PlasmaKinetic (PK-TURP procedures were completed by the three residents. In the other 42 cases the procedures were completed by the experienced urologist. In eight cases there was a capsular perforation and the experienced urol- ogist replaced the resident to complete the resection. No complications have been reported in the procedures completed by the senior urologist. All complications caused by the residents were man- aged intraoperatively without changing the course of the procedure. Statistical differences were observed regarding IPSS, quality of life (QoL, and PVR at 6-month follow-up when procedures completed by urological residents were compared to those completed by the senior urologist. Conclusion: Bipolar device represents appropriate tools to acquire endoscopic skills. It is safe and it can be used at the first experience of BPH treatment by a resident who has not previ- ously approached this endoscopic surgical procedure.

  19. Leptomeningeal metastasis after surgical resection of brain metastases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.C. van der Ree; D.W.J. Dippel (Diederik); C.J.J. Avezaat (Cees); C.J. Vecht; M.J. van den Bent (Martin); P.A.E. Sillevis Smitt (Peter)

    1999-01-01

    textabstractOBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and risk factors for leptomeningeal metastasis after surgery for brain metastasis of solid tumors. METHODS: Review of the records of all patients operated on for brain metastasis between January 1990 and August 1995. RES

  20. Surgical team turnover and operative time: An evaluation of operating room efficiency during pulmonary resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azzi, Alain Joe; Shah, Karan; Seely, Andrew; Villeneuve, James Patrick; Sundaresan, Sudhir R; Shamji, Farid M; Maziak, Donna E; Gilbert, Sebastien

    2016-05-01

    Health care resources are costly and should be used judiciously and efficiently. Predicting the duration of surgical procedures is key to optimizing operating room resources. Our objective was to identify factors influencing operative time, particularly surgical team turnover. We performed a single-institution, retrospective review of lobectomy operations. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the impact of different factors on surgical time (skin-to-skin) and total procedure time. Staff turnover within the nursing component of the surgical team was defined as the number of instances any nurse had to leave the operating room over the total number of nurses involved in the operation. A total of 235 lobectomies were performed by 5 surgeons, most commonly for lung cancer (95%). On multivariate analysis, percent forced expiratory volume in 1 second, surgical approach, and lesion size had a significant effect on surgical time. Nursing turnover was associated with a significant increase in surgical time (53.7 minutes; 95% confidence interval, 6.4-101; P = .026) and total procedure time (83.2 minutes; 95% confidence interval, 30.1-136.2; P = .002). Active management of surgical team turnover may be an opportunity to improve operating room efficiency when the surgical team is engaged in a major pulmonary resection. Copyright © 2016 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Tips and tricks of the surgical technique for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: mesenteric approach and modified distal pancreatectomy with en-bloc celiac axis resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirono, Seiko; Yamaue, Hiroki

    2015-02-01

    Borderline resectable (BR) pancreatic cancer involves the portal vein and/or superior mesenteric vein (PV/SMV), major arteries including the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) or common hepatic artery (CHA), and sometimes includes the involvement of the celiac axis. We herein describe tips and tricks for a surgical technique with video assistance, which may increase the R0 rates and decrease the mortality and morbidity for BR pancreatic cancer patients. First, we describe the techniques used for the "artery-first" approach for BR pancreatic cancer with involvement of the PV/SMV and/or SMA. Next, we describe the techniques used for distal pancreatectomy with en-bloc celiac axis resection (DP-CAR) and tips for decreasing the delayed gastric emptying (DGE) rates for advanced pancreatic body cancer. The mesenteric approach, followed by the dissection of posterior tissues of the SMV and SMA, is a feasible procedure to obtain R0 rates and decrease the mortality and morbidity, and the combination of this aggressive procedure and adjuvant chemo(radiation) therapy may improve the survival of BR pancreatic cancer patients. The DP-CAR procedure may increase the R0 rates for pancreatic cancer patients with involvement within 10 mm from the root of the splenic artery, as well as the CHA or celiac axis, and preserving the left gastric artery may lead to a decrease in the DGE rates in cases where there is more than 10 mm between the tumor edge and the root of the left gastric artery. The development of safer surgical procedures is necessary to improve the survival of BR pancreatic cancer patients. © 2014 Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.

  2. Sparing Sphincters and Laparoscopic Resection Improve Survival by Optimizing the Circumferential Resection Margin in Rectal Cancer Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keskin, Metin; Bayraktar, Adem; Sivirikoz, Emre; Yegen, Gülcin; Karip, Bora; Saglam, Esra; Bulut, Mehmet Türker; Balik, Emre

    2016-02-01

    The goal of rectal cancer treatment is to minimize the local recurrence rate and extend the disease-free survival period and survival. For this aim, obtainment of negative circumferential radial margin (CRM) plays an important role. This study evaluated predictive factors for positive CRM status and its effect on patient survival in mid- and distal rectal tumors.Patients who underwent curative resection for rectal cancer were included. The main factors were demographic data, tumor location, surgical technique, neoadjuvant therapy, tumor diameter, tumor depth, lymph node metastasis, mesorectal integrity, CRM, the rate of local recurrence, distant metastasis, and overall and disease-free survival. Statistical analyses were performed by using the Chi-squared test, Fisher exact test, Student t test, Mann-Whitney U test and the Mantel-Cox log-rank sum test.A total of 420 patients were included, 232 (55%) of whom were male. We observed no significant differences in patient characteristics or surgical treatment between the patients who had positive CRM and who had negative CRM, but a higher positive CRM rate was observed in patients undergone abdominoperineal resection (APR) (P CRM status. Logistic regression analysis revealed that APR (P CRM status. Moreover, positive CRM was associated with decreased 5-year overall and disease-free survival (P = 0.002 and P = 0.004, respectively).This large single-institution series demonstrated that APR and open resection were independent predictive factors for positive CRM status in rectal cancer. Positive CRM independently decreased the 5-year overall and disease-free survival rates.

  3. Dumbbell-Shaped Rhabdomyosarcoma: Two-Stage Surgical Resection

    OpenAIRE

    ElFiky, Mahmoud

    2014-01-01

    Female neonate admitted to our hospital with an abdominal mass and a thigh mass that were connected as a single dumbbell-shaped mass. CT was done on admission that showed cystic swelling in the thigh with intra-abdominal extension passing under inguinal ligament, most probably lymphangioma. The patient was assessed and prepared for surgery starting with the abdominal part then after two days for the thigh mass. Distal pulses in the lower limbs were assessed intra- and postoperatively followin...

  4. Submental Artery Island Flap in Reconstruction of Harde Plate after wide Surgical Resection of Veruccous Carcinoma. Two case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amin Rahpeyma

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Reconstruction of intraoral soft tissue defects is important in restoring function and esthetic. In large defects, there will be demand for regional pedicle flaps or free flaps. Hard palate separates nasal and oral cavities. Due to the small surface area between flap and remaining palate after surgical resections, optimal blood supply of the flaps for hard palate reconstructions are needed. This article demonstrates immediate reconstruction of two edentulous hemimaxillectomy patients with submental artery Island flap and brief review of this flap discussed. 

  5. Successful surgical management of osteonecrosis of the jaw due to RANK-ligand inhibitor treatment using fluorescence guided bone resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto, Sven; Baumann, Sebastian; Ehrenfeld, Michael; Pautke, Christoph

    2013-10-01

    Osteonecrosis of the jaw has recently been described in patients receiving subcutaneous administration of RANKL-inhibitors (denosumab). However, due to promising study results, more patients will receive denosumab in order to avoid skeletal complications due to metastatic bone disease and osteoporosis. Therefore, this has the potential to become a comparable challenge to the bisphosphonate induced jaw necrosis in the area of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Indeed, so far no convincing surgical technique has been described to overcome the non-healing mucosal lesions with exposed bone due to RANKL-inhibitor therapy. In this technical note, we report two successful cases of surgical treatment of jaw-bone necrosis under RANKL-inhibitor treatment using fluorescence guided bone resection. In conclusion, the technique is suggested as treatment option for this entity of osteonecrosis of the jaw.

  6. MR and CT diagnosis of carotid pseudoaneurysm in children following surgical resection of craniopharyngioma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lakhanpal, S.K. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children`s Hospital, Little Rock, AR (United States); Glasier, C.M. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children`s Hospital, Little Rock, AR (United States); James, C.A. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children`s Hospital, Little Rock, AR (United States); Angtuaco, E.J.C. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children`s Hospital, Little Rock, AR (United States)

    1995-06-01

    We report the cases of two children who underwent CT, MR, MRA and angiography in the diagnosis of postoperative aneurysmal dilatation of the supraclinoid carotid arteries following surgical resection of craniopharyngioma. Craniopharyngiomas are relatively common lesions, accounting for 6-7 % of brain tumors in children. They are histologically benign, causing symptoms by their growth within the sella and suprasellar cistern with compression of adjacent structures, especially the pituitary gland, hypothalamus and optic nerves, chiasm, and tracts. (orig.)

  7. Rapid development of an osteosarcoma after surgical resection of an osteochondroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez-Brouchet, Anne; Accadbled, Franck; Rubie, Herve; Janka, Dora; Castex, Marie-Pierre; Thuille, Benedicte; Delattre, Olivier; Laurell, Henrick; Baunin, Christiane; de Gauzy, Jérôme Sales

    2007-09-01

    The rapid development of an osteosarcoma, after surgical resection of an osteochondroma, has not been yet reported. We present here the case of a 12-year-old girl that had, in less than 2 months, an osteosarcoma at the initial site of a treated osteochondroma. Comparative Genomic Hybridization analyses showed that the 2 tumors were genetically distinct, suggesting a distant, if any, relationship. The possible implication of a deregulated tissue homeostasis caused by the surgical intervention is discussed. Proangiogenic factors involved in the tissue healing could be the triggering factor favoring tumor angiogenesis and explaining the very rapid progression of the tumor.

  8. A Histomorphological Pattern Analysis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Lung Autopsy and Surgically Resected Specimens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mamta Gupta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Tuberculosis (TB is a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Many cases are diagnosed on autopsy and a subset of patients may require surgical intervention either due to the complication or sequelae of TB. Materials and Methods. 40 cases of resected lung specimens following surgery or autopsy in which a diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis was made were included. Histopathological pattern analysis of pulmonary tuberculosis along with associated nonneoplastic changes and identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli was done. Results. The mean age of diagnosis was 41 years with male predominance (92.5%. Tuberculosis was suspected in only 12.1% of cases before death. Seven cases were operated upon due to associated complications or suspicion of malignancy. Tubercular consolidation was the most frequent pattern followed by miliary tuberculosis. The presence of necrotizing granulomas was seen in 33 cases (82.5%. Acid fast bacilli were seen in 57.5% cases on Ziehl-Neelsen stain. Conclusion. Histopathology remains one of the most important methods for diagnosing tuberculosis, especially in TB prevalent areas. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of all respiratory diseases because of its varied clinical presentations and manifestations.

  9. Predictive Value of Conventional Ultrasound and Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Early Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma after Surgical Resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yibin; Liao, Jintang; Qi, Wenjun; Xie, Lulu; Li, Yueyi

    2016-05-01

    The goals of the work described here were to study the pre-operative risk factors associated with early recurrence (ER) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after surgical resection and discuss the value of conventional ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in predicting ER of HCC, so as to provide more information for optimizing clinical treatment and improving prognosis. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 59 patients who underwent both US and CEUS examinations pre-operatively and surgical resection for HCC between December 2010 and January 2014 in our hospital. The patients' clinical data, laboratory examination data and ultrasonic imaging diagnostic data were collected. Univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis were performed to determine the independent risk factors for ER of HCC after surgical resection. Diagnostic values of independent risk factors in predicting ER were further evaluated. The 59 patients were divided into the ER group (27 cases) and ER-free group (32 cases). There were no significant differences in age and sex between the two groups (p > 0.05). Univariate analysis revealed that differences in pre-operative serum α-fetoprotein level ≥400 ng/mL (p = 0.008), tumor diameter ≥5 cm (p = 0.012), macroscopic vascular invasion (p = 0.040), "fast wash-out" enhancement pattern (p = 0.006) and inhomogeneous distribution of contrast agent (p = 0.031) statistically significantly differed between the two groups. Logistic regression analysis indicated that pre-operative serum AFP level ≥400 ng/mL (p = 0.024), tumor diameter ≥5 cm (p = 0.042) and "fast wash-out" enhancement pattern (p = 0.009) were independent risk factors for ER of HCC; macrovascular invasion (p = 0.095) and inhomogeneous distribution of contrast agent (p = 0.628) did not statistically significantly differ between two groups (p = 0.628). Predictive values of the independent risk factors were further evaluated. The sensitivity of a "fast wash

  10. Role of hepatic resection for patients with carcinoid heart disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernheim, A.M.; Connolly, H.M.; Rubin, J.;

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of resection of hepatic carcinoid metastases on progression and prognosis of carcinoid heart disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From our database of 265 consecutive patients diagnosed as having carcinoid heart disease from January 1, 1980, through December 31, 2005...... nonrandomized study, our data suggest that patients with carcinoid heart disease who undergo hepatic resection have decreased cardiac progression and improved prognosis. Eligible patients should be considered for hepatic surgery Udgivelsesdato: 2008/2...

  11. Immunolocalization of lactoferrin in surgically resected pigmented skin lesions

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    G Tuccari

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Lactoferrin (Lf expression was determined immunohistochemically in 57 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded bioptic samples obtained from an equal number of patients treated by surgery to remove pigmented skin lesions (nevi = 23; melanoma = 12; vulgaris and seborrhoeic warts = 12; basal cell carcinoma = 10; in addition, 10 specimens of normal skin were studied as control. On 3 ?m thick sections, depigmentation and antigen retrieval procedures were performed. The Lf immunoreactivity was revealed by a rabbit anti-human Lf. Quantification of Lf immunoreactivity was performed using an intensity-distribution (ID score. Melanocytic cells, regardless of their benign or malignant nature, were consistently stained, with no significant differences in the Lf IDscore between melanomas or nevi. A different intensity of Lf immunoreactivity was encountered in superficial portions of warts, exclusively inside squamous epithelial cells arranged in sheets or whorls of keratin. On the contrary, basal cell carcinomas were always unstained, while a slight Lf positivity was found in focal keratinized areas present in two tumours showing baso-squamous differentiation. The Lf immunoreactivity was localized in the cytoplasm and only occasionally in the nucleus. The biological meaning of Lf in these cases of human skin specimens remains unexplained, although it cannot be ruled out that Lf might be involved in the defense system against tumours, or alternatively, may be used by cells requiring iron availability for their turnover. Moreover, the immunohistochemical expression of Lf in melanocytic lesions might be also related to a Lf-melanin interaction. Finally, the involvement of Lf in skin squamous non-neoplastic elements could be related to its role as one of the molecules modulating an unspecific inflammatory or anti-oxidant response.

  12. P13.10SURGICAL TREATMENT FOR GLIOBLASTOMA MULTIFORME: OUTCOME AND ANALYSIS OF PROGNOSTIC FACTORS ESPECIALLY ORIENTED TO THE EXTENT OF SURGICAL RESECTION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Somma, L.; Iacoangeli, M.; Alvaro, L.; Di Rienzo, A.; Liverotti, V.; Della Costanza, M.; Brunozzi, D.; Polonara, G.; Scarpelli, M.; Scerrati, M.

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The prognosis of Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) remains poor despite recent therapeutic advances. The surgical treatment of GBM (supported by functional imaging, neuronavigation and electrophysiological monitoring) remains a fundamental step. The methylation of the enzyme O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransefrase (MGMT) seems to improve the effectiveness of alkylating agents on this tumour, but other factors can influence the survival. An evaluation of all prognostic factors is essential to individuate subgroups of patients for a better selection of different treatment modalities. Our study confirms the prognostic values of both new recognized factors (MGMT presence, IDH1, news schedule of TM2 etc.) and the well-recognized prognostic factors particularly to the extent of surgical removal with the help of new technologies and in the era where people is asking more and more a better quality of life. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 172 operated patients (115 males and 57 females), 55 of which located in eloquent areas, between March 2008 and December 2012. For each patient age, sex, preoperative clinical evaluation (Karnofsky score, KPS), tumour location, extent of surgical removal, genetic and epigenetic profile (MGMT, IDH1,etc) and postoperative treatments were recorded. We used Kaplan Meier method for the univariate analysis and the Cox regression for the multivariate one. Surgical strategy was always planned for a total tumour resection, when allowed by the intrinsic characteristics of the tumour using the so called “extracapsular “ technique. RESULTS: Overall median survival time after surgery was 10 months. At univariate analysis the gross total removal (p70 (p<0,0001) and radiotherapy (p<0,0001) improve survivals. Deep structures involved or multifocal lesions (p<0,0001) resulted as negative factors in term of the quod vitam prognosis, whereas lesions arising in insula, deep structures or in primary motor cortex worse the quod valitudinem

  13. Morphological computed tomography features of surgically resectable pulmonary squamous cell carcinomas: Impact on prognosis and comparison with adenocarcinomas

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    Koenigkam Santos, Marcel, E-mail: marcelk46@yahoo.com.br [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum – DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Radiology, University Hospital of the School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes 3900, Campus Universitario Monte Alegre, 14048 900 Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil); Muley, Thomas [Chest Clinic (Thoraxklinik) at University of Heidelberg, Amalienstr. 5, 69126 Heidelberg (Germany); Translational Lung Research Center (TLRC), Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Im Neuenheimer Feld 350, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Warth, Arne [Institute of Pathology, Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 224, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Paula, Wagner Diniz de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Radiology, University of Brasilia, Brasilia (Brazil); Lederlin, Mathieu [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Imaging, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux (France); Schnabel, Philipp Albert [Institute of Pathology, Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 224, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Translational Lung Research Center (TLRC), Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Im Neuenheimer Feld 350, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Schlemmer, Heinz-Peter [German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum – DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); and others

    2014-07-15

    Objective: To characterize the morphological computed tomography (CT) features of pulmonary squamous cell carcinomas (SQCC) submitted to therapeutic resection; to correlate these features with patients’ outcomes; and to compare with pulmonary adenocarcinomas (ADC). Materials and methods: Two chest radiologists retrospectively evaluated CT exams of 123 patients with SQCC resected between 2002 and 2008. Tumors’ size, location (central vs. peripheral), shape, margins, attenuation, enhancement, presence of calcification, cavitation, internal air bronchograms and pleural tags were assigned by consensus. Prevalence of features was compared with patients’ survival data and a previously studied population of ADC surgically resected at the same time period. Results: Cavitation correlated negatively with overall (hazard ratio = 3.04), disease-specific (HR = 3.67) and disease-free survival (HR = 2.69), independent from age, gender, tumor pathological stage, size, and location. In relation to ADC, SQCC presented different shape, margins, attenuation, enhancement, with more cavitation, rare internal air bronchograms, and less pleural tags. Differences were also significant when comparing only the peripheral type of tumors. Conclusions: Cavitation at CT was an independent and negative predictive factor for SQCC. Different CT morphological features were described for SQCC and ADC. Image evaluation of lung lesions should go beyond measuring and addressing adjacent structures invasion. Adequate imaging characterization not only helps to differentiate benign versus malignant disease and to determine malignancy staging, it may also imply the histologic subtype and improve the prognostic assessment of lung cancer patients.

  14. Does obesity affect the outcomes of pulmonary resections for lung cancer? A National Surgical Quality Improvement Program analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mungo, Benedetto; Zogg, Cheryl K; Hooker, Craig M; Yang, Stephen C; Battafarano, Richard J; Brock, Malcolm V; Molena, Daniela

    2015-04-01

    Obesity has increased dramatically in the American population during the past 2 decades. Approximately 35% of adults are obese. Although obesity represents a major health issue, the association between obesity and operative outcomes has been a subject of controversy. We queried the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database to determine whether an increased body mass index (BMI) affects the outcomes of pulmonary resection for lung cancer. We identified 6,567 patients with a diagnosis of lung cancer who underwent pulmonary resection from 2005 to 2012 in the NSQIP database. We stratified this population into 6 BMI groups according to the World Health Organization classification. The primary outcome measured was 30-day mortality; secondary outcomes included length of stay (LOS), operative time, and NSQIP-measured postoperative complications. We performed both unadjusted analysis and adjusted multivariable analysis, controlling for statistically significant variables. Adjusted multivariable logistic regression showed no increase in 30-day mortality, overall morbidity, and serious morbidity among obese patients. Adjusted Poisson regression revealed greater operative times for both obese and underweight patients compared with normal weight patients. Overall, obese patients were younger and had a greater percentage of preoperative comorbidities, including diabetes, hypertension, dyspnea, renal disease, and history of previous cardiac surgery. The prevalence of active smokers was greater among patients with low and normal BMI. Underweight patients had a greater risk-adjusted LOS relative to normal weight patients, whereas overweight and mildly obese patients had lesser risk-adjusted LOS. The results of our analysis suggest that obesity does not confer greater mortality and morbidity after lung resection. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Surgical management of bilateral bronchiectases: results in 29 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghajanzadeh, Manucher; Sarshad, Ali; Amani, Hosin; Alavy, Ali

    2006-06-01

    Bronchiectasis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Staged bilateral segmental resection of the lungs is performed in selected patients. Our experience of surgical removal of 87 bilateral bronchiectases in 29 patients during an 11-year period was reviewed retrospectively. High-resolution computed tomography was performed preoperatively in all patients to locate the anatomic sites of bronchiectasis. The mortality and morbidity of the surgical procedure, clinical symptoms, age distribution, etiology, bacteriology, and operative procedures were analyzed. There were 22 males (76%) and 7 females (24%), aged 5 to 60 years, with a mean age of 30 years. Complications developed in 11 patients (38%); atelectasia was the most common (14%). There was one hospital death. Clinical symptoms disappeared in 19 (66%) patients, improved in 5 (17%), and were unchanged in 4 (14%). Staged bilateral resection for bronchiectases can be performed at any age with acceptable morbidity and mortality.

  16. Preoperative high-intensity training in frail old patients undergoing pulmonary resection for NSCLC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvi Rosario

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Thoracic surgery remains the better therapeutic option for non-small cell lung cancer patients that are diagnosed in early stage disease. Preoperative lung function assessment includes respiratory function tests (RFT and cardio-pulmonary exercise testing (CPET. Vo2 peak, FEV1 and DLCO as well as recognition of performance status, presence of co-morbidities, frailty indexes, and age predict the potential impact of surgical resection on patient health status and survival risk. In this study we have retrospectively assessed the benefit of a high-intensity preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP in 14 patients with underlying lung function impairment prior to surgery. Amongst these, three patients candidate to surgical resection exhibited severe functional impairment associated with high score of frailty according CHS and SOF index, resulting in a substantial mortality risk.

  17. Surgical Treatment for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients with Synchronous Solitary Brain Metastasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao BAI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Brain metastases are common in non-small cell lung cancer. Usual treatments include radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, these methods result in poor patient prognosis. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of surgical resection in the multimodality management of non-small cell lung cancer patients with synchronous solitary brain metastasis. Methods The clinical data of 46 non-small cell lung cancer patients with synchronous solitary brain metastasis were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent surgical resection of primary lung tumor, followed by whole brain radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In addition, 13 out of the 46 patients underwent resection of brain metastasis, whereas the remaining 33 patients received stereotactic radiosurgery. Results The median survival time of the enrolled patients was 16.8 months. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates were 76.1%, 20.9%, and 4.7%, respectively. The median survival times of the patients with brain metastasis resection or stereotactic radiosurgery were 18.3 and 15.8 months, respectively (P=0.091,2. Conclusion Surgical resection of primary lung tumor and brain metastasis may improve prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer patients with synchronous solitary brain metastasis. However, the survival benefit of surgical resection over brain metastasis resection or stereotactic radiosurgery is uncertain.

  18. Outcome of surgical resection for pathologic N0 and Nx non-small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osarogiagbon, Raymond U; Allen, Jeffrey W; Farooq, Aamer; Berry, Allen; Spencer, David; O'Brien, Thomas

    2010-02-01

    Metastasis to lymph nodes (LNs) connotes poor prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Sufficient LNs must be examined to accurately determine LN negativity. Patients with no LNs examined (pNx) have an indeterminate stage, may have undetected disease and erroneous assignment to a low-risk group. To evaluate this possibility, we compared the survival of patients with node-negative disease and at least one LN examined (pN0) to those with pNx. Retrospective analysis of all resections for NSCLC from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2007 at hospitals in the Memphis Metropolitan Area. Of 746 resections, 90 (12.1%) were Nx; 506 (67.8%) N0. Demographic and histologic characteristics were similar. A total of 54.4% Nx patients had sublobar resection, compared with 5.5% N0 (p Nx do significantly worse than those with pT2N0.

  19. Preoperative high-intensity training in frail old patients undergoing pulmonary resection for NSCLC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvi, Rosario; Meoli, Ilernando; Cennamo, Antonio; Perrotta, Fabio; Saverio Cerqua, Francesco; Montesano, Raffaele; Curcio, Carlo; Lassandro, Francesco; Stefanelli, Francesco; Grella, Edoardo; Tafuri, Domenico; Mazzarella, Gennaro; Bianco, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    Thoracic surgery remains the better therapeutic option for non-small cell lung cancer patients that are diagnosed in early stage disease. Preoperative lung function assessment includes respiratory function tests (RFT) and cardio-pulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Vo2 peak, FEV1 and DLCO as well as recognition of performance status, presence of co-morbidities, frailty indexes, and age predict the potential impact of surgical resection on patient health status and survival risk. In this study we have retrospectively assessed the benefit of a high-intensity preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP) in 14 patients with underlying lung function impairment prior to surgery. Amongst these, three patients candidate to surgical resection exhibited severe functional impairment associated with high score of frailty according CHS and SOF index, resulting in a substantial mortality risk. Our observations indicate that PRP appear to reduce the mortality and morbidity risk in frail patients with concurrent lung function impairment undergoing thoracic surgery. PRP produced improvement of VO2 peak degree and pulmonary function resulting in reduced postoperative complications in high-risk patients from our cases. Our results indicate that a preoperative training program may improve postoperative clinical outcomes in fraillung cancer patients with impaired lung function prior to surgical resection.

  20. The Use of Multislice Spiral CT to Predict the Resectability of Central Lung Cancer: Correlation with Pathologic and Surgical Findings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Liu; Yu'e Sun; Naikang Zhou; Qiming Xu

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To assess the accuracy of multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT) with imaging reconstruction in judging central pulmonary vascular involvement from central lung cancer, and to explore its ability to predict the resectability of lung cancer.METHODS MSCTs were conducted on 48 patients who were diagnosed preoperatively with central lung cancer. Images of pulmonary arteries and veins that might affect Iobectomy or pneumonectomy were reconstructed by means of imaging processing techniques. Then the relationship of the tumor to the vessels was assessed prospectively on both axial CT images and axial CT images plus reconstructed images(CT-RI) in comparison to subsequent pathologic and surgical findings.RESULTS MSCTs were obtained on all 48 patients whom 42 underwent thoracotomy, Iobectomy or pneumonectomy. Compared with the axial CT images,CT-RI was more accurate in judging the relationship of the central pulmonary vessels to the tumor based on subsequent pathologic 78 vessels studiedand surgical findings (186 vessels studied) (0.01 <P<0.05). The sensitivity and positive predictive value of unresectability of the vessels were all remarkably higher with CT-RI (P<0.01).CONCLUSION MSCT with imaging reconstruction can improve the recognition of neoplastic invasion of central pulmonary vessels. It can be used to predict preoperatively the resectability of central lung cancer and to plan surgery.

  1. Meta-analysis of surgical resection and radiofrequency ablation for early hepatocellular carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Gang

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is no definite agreement on the better therapy (radiofrequency ablation (RFA versus surgical resection (SR for early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC eligible for surgical treatments. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the evidence using meta-analytical techniques. Methods A literature search was undertaken until December 2011 to identify comparative studies evaluating survival rates, recurrence rates, and complications. Pooled odds ratios (OR and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI were calculated with either the fixed or random effect model. Results Thirteen articles, comprising two randomized controlled trials(RCTs, were included in the review, with a total of 2,535 patients (1,233 treated with SR and 1,302 with RFA. The overall survival rates were significantly higher in patients treated with SR than RFA after1, 3, and 5 years (respectively: OR, 0.60 (95% CI, 0.42 to 0.86; OR, 0.49 (95% CI, 0.36 to 0.65; OR, 0.60 (95% CI, 0.43 to 0.84. In the SR group, the 1, 3, and 5 years recurrence rates were significantly lower than the RFA group (respectively: OR, 1.48 (95% CI, 1.05 to 2.08; OR, 1.76 (95% CI, 1.49 to 2.08; OR, 1.68 (95% CI, 1.21 to 2.34. However, local recurrence between two groups did not exhibit significant difference. For HCC ≤ 3 cm in diameter, SR was better than RFA at the 1, 3, and 5 years overall survival rates (respectively: OR, 0.34 (95% CI, 0.13 to 0.89; OR, 0.56 (95% CI, 0.37 to 0.84; OR, 0.44 (95% CI, 0.31 to 0.62. This meta-analysis indicated that the complication of SR was higher than RFA (OR, 6.25 (95%CI, 3.12 to 12.52; P = 0.000. Conclusion Although local recurrence between two groups did not exhibit significant difference, SR demonstrated significantly improved survival benefits and lower complications for patients with early HCC, especially for HCC ≤ 3 cm in diameter. These findings should be interpreted carefully, owing to the lower level of evidence.

  2. Extended mesometrial resection (EMMR): Surgical approach to the treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer based on the theory of ontogenetic cancer fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Benjamin; Ganzer, Roman; Stolzenburg, Jens-Uwe; Hentschel, Bettina; Horn, Lars-Christian; Höckel, Michael

    2017-08-01

    Based on ontogenetic-anatomic considerations, we have introduced total mesometrial resection (TMMR) and laterally extended endopelvic resection (LEER) as surgical treatments for patients with cancer of the uterine cervix FIGO stages I B1 - IV A. For a subset of patients with locally advanced disease we have sought to develop an operative strategy characterized by the resection of additional tissue at risk for tumor infiltration as compared to TMMR, but less than in LEER, preserving the urinary bladder function. We conducted a prospective single center study to evaluate the feasibility of extended mesometrial resection (EMMR) and therapeutic lymph node dissection as a surgical treatment approach for patients with cervical cancer fixed to the urinary bladder and/or its mesenteries as determined by intraoperative evaluation. None of the patients received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy. 48 consecutive patients were accrued into the trial. Median tumor size was 5cm, and 85% of all patients were found to have lymph node metastases. Complete tumor resection (R0) was achieved in all cases. Recurrence free survival at 5years was 54.1% (95% CI 38.3-69.9). The overall survival rate was 62.6% (95% CI 45.6-79.6) at 5years. Perioperative morbidity represented by grade II and III complications (determined by the Franco-Italian glossary) occurred in 25% and 15% of patients, respectively. We demonstrate in this study the feasibility of EMMR as a surgical treatment approach for patients with locally advanced cervical cancer and regional lymph node invasion without the necessity for postoperative adjuvant radiation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Should hepatic metastatic colorectal cancer patients with extrahepatic disease undergo liver resection/ablation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byam, Jerome; Reuter, Nathaniel P; Woodall, Charles E; Scoggins, Charles R; McMasters, Kelly M; Martin, Robert C G

    2009-11-01

    Surgical therapy has been proven to be the mainstay of treatment for hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer (CRM) in the appropriate patient. Previous contraindications were patients with extrahepatic disease (EHD) do not benefit from liver resection or ablation. We hypothesized that the survival of patients with EHD who receive aggressive multimodality care would be the same as those without EHD. A review of our 1305 patient prospective hepato-pancreatico-biliary database from August 1995 to April 2008 identified 383 patients with surgical management of metastatic CRM to the liver. A total of 39 patients with limited EHD underwent liver resection/ablation vs 344 patients without EHD. There were no significant differences in hepatic disease burden (mean clinical risk score of 2.3 and 2.1 in patients with and without EHD, P=.19, and median number of hepatic metastases of 2 in each group, P=.88) or size of the largest lesion (mean 4.6 vs 4.5 cm with and without EHD, P=.84). EHD consisted of lung metastases in 33%, nodal metastases in 21%, peritoneal in 15%, unknown in 15%, and other in 15%. There was no difference in patients with and without EHD undergoing surgical with resection only in 41% vs 48%, ablation only in 31% vs 30%, and combined resection and ablation in 28% vs 22% (P=.61). Overall survival in patients with EHD was not significantly different (median survival 24 vs 33 months, P=.06). A thorough understanding of the biology of disease and appropriate multimodality care can lead to improved survival in patients with EHD, when compared with chemotherapy alone.

  4. Extended surgical resection for xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis mimicking advanced gallbladder carcinoma: A case report and review of literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Antonino Spinelli; Sven Jonas; Jan M Langrehr; Peter Neuhaus; Guido Schumacher; Andreas Pascher; Enrique Lopez-Hanninen; Hussain Al-Abadi; Christoph Benckert; Igor M Sauer; Johann Pratschke; Ulf P Neumann

    2006-01-01

    Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is a destructive inflammatory disease of the gallbladder, rarely involving adjacent organs and mimicking an advanced gallbladder carcinoma. The diagnosis is usually possible only after pathological examination. A 46 year-old woman was referred to our center for suspected gallbladder cancer involving the liver hilum, right liver lobe, right colonic flexure, and duodenum. Brushing cytology obtained by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) showed high-grade dysplasia. The patient underwent an en-bloc resection of the mass, consisting of right lobectomy,right hemicolectomy, and a partial duodenal resection.Pathological examination unexpectedly revealed an XGC.Only six cases of extended surgical resections for XGC with direct involvement of adjacent organs have been reported so far. In these cases, given the possible coexistence of XGC with carcinoma, malignancy cannot be excluded, even after cytology and intraoperative frozen section investigation. In conclusion, due to the poor prognosis of gallbladder carcinoma on one side and possible complications deriving from highly aggressive inflammatory invasion of surrounding organs on the other side, it seems these cases should be treated as malignant tumors until proven otherwise. Clinicians should include XGC among the possible differential diagnoses of masses in liver hilum.

  5. Outcomes of Bowel Resection in Patients with Crohn's Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moghadamyeghaneh, Zhobin; Carmichael, Joseph C; Mills, Steven D; Pigazzi, Alessio; Stamos, Michael J

    2015-10-01

    There is limited data regarding outcomes of bowel resection in patients with Crohn's disease. We sought to investigate complications of such patients after bowel resection. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample databases were used to examine the clinical data of Crohn's patients who underwent bowel resection during 2002 to 2012. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to investigate outcomes of such patients. We sampled a total of 443,950 patients admitted with the diagnosis of Crohn's disease. Of these, 20.5 per cent had bowel resection. Among patients who had bowel resection, 51 per cent had small bowel Crohn's disease, 19.4 per cent had large bowel Crohn's disease, and 29.6 per cent had both large and small bowel Crohn's disease. Patients with large bowel disease had higher mortality risk compared with small bowel disease [1.8% vs 1%, adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 2.42, P Crohn's disease (AOR: 1.90, P Crohn's disease, 20.5 per cent underwent bowel resection during 2002 to 2012. Although colonic disease has a higher mortality risk, small bowel disease has a higher risk of postoperative fistula.

  6. Surgical resection of a solitary liver metastasis from nasopharyngeal carcinoma:a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Spiros Delis; Ioannis Biliatis; Antonia Bourli; Nikolaos Kapranos; Christos Dervenis

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has a propensity to develop distant metastases at a high rate and with poor prognosis. Metastatic sites are usually multifocal and involve bones, lungs, liver and distant lymph nodes. Management of metastatic disease is essentially palliative and is based on chemotherapy. METHODS:A 50-year-old man with a solitary liver metastasis from a newly diagnosed NPC was treated by segmentectomy. Prior to surgery, neoadjuvant chemo-therapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy was administered. RESULTS:Complete remission of the primary disease was achieved, although the size of the hepatic lesion was increased. After resection of the liver metastasis, no signs of local or distant recurrence was noted during the 6-month follow up. CONCLUSION:Although surgical treatment has a limited role in metastatic NPC, there are rare cases of localized disease with a reasonable outcome after resection.

  7. Surgical treatment of benign nodular goiter; report of 72 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ediz YORGANCILAR

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Surgical resection is usually prefered for the treatment of benign nodular goiter. But the extention of thyroidectomy in the surgical management of benign nodular goiter still remains controversial. Seventytwo patients underwent thyroid surgery between April 2002- July2007 in Kızıltepe State Hospital Otorhinolaryngology Service. Of the patients 63 were women (%87.5, 9 were man (%12.5. The range of age was between 15-62 years and mean age was 36,5. Thirtynine patients had unilateral total lobectomy+ istmusectomy (%54.2, 11 patients had unilateral lobectomy+ isthmusectomy+contralateral subtotal lobectomy (Dunhill Procedure (%15.3, 20 patients had nearly total thyroidectomy (%27.8, 2 patients had total thyroidectomy (% 2.7. Three patients had seroma (%4.1, 2 patients had hemorrhage requiring operative hemostasis (%2.7, 1 patient had suture reaction(%1.3. Patients have not had permanent or temporary nervus laryngeus recurrens injury, hypoparathyroidism and infection.As a result more extent surgical resections must be preferred by the surgeon for the treatment of benign nodular goiter. The preferable surgical treatment of solitary nodules is lobectomy+isthmusectomy. The multinodular goiter must be treated with unilateral lobectomy+ isthmusectomy+contralateral subtotal lobectomy (Dunhill procedure when the remnant thyroid tissue is normal; otherwise nearly total or total thyroidectomy is preferable.

  8. What Keeps Postpulmonary Resection Patients in Hospital?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T Bardell

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Prolonged air leak (longer than three days was hypothesized to be the primary cause of extended hospital stays following pulmonary resection. Its effect on length of stay (LOS was compared with that of suboptimal pain control, nausea and vomiting, and other causes. Predictors of prolonged LOS and of prolonged air leaks were investigated.

  9. Analysis of the learning curve for transurethral resection of the prostate. Is there any influence of musical instrument and video game skills on surgical performance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaçake, Kleiton Gabriel Ribeiro; Nakano, Elcio Tadashi; Soares, Iva Barbosa; Cordeiro, Paulo; Srougi, Miguel; Antunes, Alberto Azoubel

    2015-09-01

    To evaluate the learning curve for transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) among urology residents and study the impact of video game and musical instrument playing abilities on its performance. A prospective study was performed from July 2009 to January 2013 with patients submitted to TURP for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Fourteen residents operated on 324 patients. The following parameters were analyzed: age, prostate-specific antigen levels, prostate weight on ultrasound, pre- and postoperative serum sodium and hemoglobin levels, weight of resected tissue, operation time, speed of resection, and incidence of capsular lesions. Gender, handedness, and prior musical instrument and video game playing experience were recorded using survey responses. The mean resection speed in the first 10 procedures was 0.36 g/min and reached a mean of 0.51 g/min after the 20(th) procedure. The incidence of capsular lesions decreased progressively. The operation time decreased progressively for each subgroup regardless of the difference in the weight of tissue resected. Those experienced in playing video games presented superior resection speed (0.45 g/min) when compared with the novice (0.35 g/min) and intermediate (0.38 g/min) groups (p=0.112). Musical instrument playing abilities did not affect the surgical performance. Speed of resection, weight of resected tissue, and percentage of resected tissue improve significantly and the incidence of capsular lesions reduces after the performance of 10 TURP procedures. Experience in playing video games or musical instruments does not have a significant effect on outcomes.

  10. Dural Tail Sign in the Resection of Ventral Foramen Magnum Meningiomas via a Far Lateral Approach: Surgical Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Bo; Shen, Shang-Hang; Chen, Long-Yi; Liu, Wei-Dong

    2015-11-01

    To investigate the implications of dural tail sign (DTS) in the tailored far lateral approach for resection of ventral foramen magnum meningiomas (FMMs). Clinical data for 16 patients treated surgically for ventral FMMs over 5 years were reviewed retrospectively. The DTS was positive in 11 cases (68.8%) and negative in 5 cases (31.2%). The most frequent form was a single cranial tail (7 of 11), followed by multiple tails consisting of a cranial tail and a caudal tail (3 of 11), and multiple tails composed of a cranial tail and a contralateral tail (1 of 11). The retrocondylar approach was carried out in 5 cases without DTS characterized by a narrow dural attachment and a partial transcondylar approach in 11 cases with DTS featuring a broad and hypervascular dural attachment. Drilling ranged from approximately one fifth to one third of the condyle with reference to the DTS form and tumor size. Total tumor removal was achieved in 16 patients. Postoperative complications were encountered in 25% of patients, predominantly associated with cranial nerve impairment. Follow-up ranging from 8 to 56 months (mean 24.4 months) showed no tumor recurrence. In addition to tumor dural attachment and tumor size, we propose that DTS should be considered as another factor in planning the surgical approach for ventral FMMs. Differentiation between a positive and negative DTS plays a role in the neurosurgical planning of ventral FMMs. Bone removal is warranted in tumors with DTS, particularly the multiple form with contralateral tails, to facilitate the surgical procedure and achieve a more radical resection. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Resection and repair of large abdominal wall lesions in gynecologic patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Zhu-feng; WANG Jin-hui; CUI Bing-qian; FAN Qing-bo; WANG Xiao-jun; ZHAO Ru; SONG Ke-xin

    2013-01-01

    Background The techniques of resection and repair of large lesions in the abdominal wall are very challenging in the area of gynecology.We explored the techniques of resection and plastic surgical repair of large abdominal wall lesions in gynecologic patients.Methods Twenty-six patients with large lesions in the abdominal wall underwent resection by the gynecologists and repair through abdominal plasty and V-Y plasty with or without fascia patch grafting by the gynecologists or plastic surgeons from March 2003 to October 2010.Results All patients had a history of cesarean section.One patient had an infected sinus tract after cesarean section,one patient had an inflammatory nodule,and the others had lesions of endometriosis,including one cancer.The average largest lesion diameter was (4.79 ± 4.18) cm according to the ultrasonography results.The lesions of all patients were completely resected with pretty abdominal contour.A polypropylene biological mesh was added to the fascia in 20 patients.One patient underwent groin flap repair,and one underwent V-Y advanced skin flap repair on the left of the incision to relieve the suture tension.Conclusions Multi-department cooperation involving the gynecology and plastic surgery departments,and even the general surgery department,is essential for patients with large lesions in the abdominal wall.This cooperative effort enabled surgeons to completely resect large lesions.Abdominal wall plastic surgical repair can ameliorate large wounds of the abdominal wall.

  12. Anticipated Intraoperative Electron Beam Boost, External Beam Radiation Therapy, and Limb-Sparing Surgical Resection for Patients with Pediatric Soft-Tissue Sarcomas of the Extremity: A Multicentric Pooled Analysis of Long-Term Outcomes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sole, Claudio V., E-mail: cvsole@uc.cl [Department of Oncology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid (Spain); School of Medicine, Complutense University, Madrid (Spain); Service of Radiation Oncology, Instituto de Radiomedicina, Santiago (Chile); Calvo, Felipe A. [Department of Oncology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid (Spain); School of Medicine, Complutense University, Madrid (Spain); Polo, Alfredo [Service of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid (Spain); Cambeiro, Mauricio [Service of Radiation Oncology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (Spain); Alvarez, Ana; Gonzalez, Carmen [Service of Radiation Oncology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid (Spain); Gonzalez, Jose [Service of Pediatric Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid (Spain); San Julian, Mikel [Service of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (Spain); Martinez-Monge, Rafael [Service of Radiation Oncology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (Spain)

    2014-09-01

    Purpose: To perform a joint analysis of data from 3 contributing centers within the intraoperative electron-beam radiation therapy (IOERT)-Spanish program, to determine the potential of IOERT as an anticipated boost before external beam radiation therapy in the multidisciplinary treatment of pediatric extremity soft-tissue sarcomas. Methods and Materials: From June 1993 to May 2013, 62 patients (aged <21 years) with a histologic diagnosis of primary extremity soft-tissue sarcoma with absence of distant metastases, undergoing limb-sparing grossly resected surgery, external beam radiation therapy (median dose 40 Gy) and IOERT (median dose 10 Gy) were considered eligible for this analysis. Results: After a median follow-up of 66 months (range, 4-235 months), 10-year local control, disease-free survival, and overall survival was 85%, 76%, and 81%, respectively. In multivariate analysis after adjustment for other covariates, tumor size >5 cm (P=.04) and R1 margin status (P=.04) remained significantly associated with local relapse. In regard to overall survival only margin status (P=.04) retained association on multivariate analysis. Ten patients (16%) reported severe chronic toxicity events (all grade 3). Conclusions: An anticipated IOERT boost allowed for external beam radiation therapy dose reduction, with high local control and acceptably low toxicity rates. The combined radiosurgical approach needs to be tested in a prospective trial to confirm these results.

  13. Surgical myectomy for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in the 21st century, the evolution of the "RPR" repair: resection, plication, and release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swistel, Daniel G; Balaram, Sandhya K

    2012-01-01

    Since its first description in the 1950s, the pathophysiology of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has been clarified by advanced echocardiographic technologies. Improved pharmacotherapy now successfully treats most afflicted individuals. Along with these advances, surgical management has also evolved, as the role of the mitral valve and the subvalvular structures in causing obstruction has been identified. Over the last 2 decades, a variety of options to surgically manage the complex patient with obstruction have been described. Successful surgical management is dependent on the complete evaluation of the causes of obstruction in the specific individual, as the heterogeneity of the anatomy may confound the direction of therapy. Mitral valve replacement may no longer be necessary in individuals who have a relatively thin septum and instead obstruct from an elongated mitral anterior leaflet or the presence of accessory papillary muscles and chords. Techniques for mitral valve plication have been successfully used with mid- to long-term success. A systematic strategy for the evaluation of obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and the various surgical options are summarized in a procedure termed RPR for resection (extended myectomy), plication (mitral valve shortening), and release (papillary muscle manipulation).

  14. Nodal Stage of Surgically Resected Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer and Its Effect on Recurrence Patterns and Overall Survival

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varlotto, John M., E-mail: john.varlotto@umassmemorial.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts (United States); Yao, Aaron N. [Department of Healthcare Policy and Research, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia (United States); DeCamp, Malcolm M. [Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Northwestern University School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Ramakrishna, Satvik [Northwestern University School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Recht, Abe [Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Flickinger, John [Department of Radiation Oncology, Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (United States); Andrei, Adin [Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Reed, Michael F. [Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania (United States); Heart and Vascular Institute, Pennsylvania State University-Hershey, Hershey, Pennsylvania (United States); Toth, Jennifer W. [Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania (United States); Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Pennsylvania State University-Hershey, Hershey, Pennsylvania (United States); Fizgerald, Thomas J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts (United States); Higgins, Kristin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Zheng, Xiao [Department of Healthcare Policy and Research, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia (United States); Shelkey, Julie [Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University, New York, New York (United States); and others

    2015-03-15

    Purpose: Current National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines recommend postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) for patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with N2 involvement. We investigated the relationship between nodal stage and local-regional recurrence (LR), distant recurrence (DR) and overall survival (OS) for patients having an R0 resection. Methods and Materials: A multi-institutional database of consecutive patients undergoing R0 resection for stage I-IIIA NSCLC from 1995 to 2008 was used. Patients receiving any radiation therapy before relapse were excluded. A total of 1241, 202, and 125 patients were identified with N0, N1, and N2 involvement, respectively; 161 patients received chemotherapy. Cumulative incidence rates were calculated for LR and DR as first sites of failure, and Kaplan-Meier estimates were made for OS. Competing risk analysis and proportional hazards models were used to examine LR, DR, and OS. Independent variables included age, sex, surgical procedure, extent of lymph node sampling, histology, lymphatic or vascular invasion, tumor size, tumor grade, chemotherapy, nodal stage, and visceral pleural invasion. Results: The median follow-up time was 28.7 months. Patients with N1 or N2 nodal stage had rates of LR similar to those of patients with N0 disease, but were at significantly increased risk for both DR (N1, hazard ratio [HR] = 1.84, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.30-2.59; P=.001; N2, HR = 2.32, 95% CI: 1.55-3.48; P<.001) and death (N1, HR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.18-1.81; P<.001; N2, HR = 2.33, 95% CI: 1.78-3.04; P<.001). LR was associated with squamous histology, visceral pleural involvement, tumor size, age, wedge resection, and segmentectomy. The most frequent site of LR was the mediastinum. Conclusions: Our investigation demonstrated that nodal stage is directly associated with DR and OS but not with LR. Thus, even some patients with, N0-N1 disease are at relatively high risk of local recurrence. Prospective

  15. Indications and technique for laparoscopic liver resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and liver cirrhosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuichiro Otsuka; Masaru Tsuchiya; Toshio Katagiri; Yoshihisa Kubota; Jun Ishii; Tetsuya Maeda; Hironori Kaneko

    2016-01-01

    Liver resection is the preferred initial treatment option for solitary or limited multifocal hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, because of the characteristics of HCC, including its high recurrence rate and the frequent presence of chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis, both curability and invasiveness must be considered when selecting a treatment for HCC. Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) is minimally invasive and increasingly performed worldwide as a curative surgical option for treatment of liver tumors. The 2014 International Consensus Conference on LLR concluded that minor LLRs are now standard practice. Meta-analyses suggest that, as compared with open hepatectomy, LLR for patients with HCC, including those with cirrhosis, resulted in less blood loss, lower postoperative hospitalization rates, and similar oncological outcomes. Although candidates for this procedure should be carefully evaluated, LLR appears to be a feasible option for treatment of HCC with liver cirrhosis. This review describes the indications for LLR in this patient subgroup and offers guidance on appropriate surgical technique.

  16. Laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fanning, James; Hojat, Rod; Deimling, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    To review the success and morbidity of laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection. Review of a prospective surgical database of all cases of laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection. No cases were excluded. Bowel diagnoses and procedures were total colectomy for inflammatory bowel disease (4), partial colectomy for colon cancer (6), partial small bowel resection for obstruction (1), and Whipple for pancreatic cancer (2). Two patients had 3 prior laparotomies, 8 patients had 2 prior laparotomies, and 3 patients had 1 prior laparotomy. All prior abdominal incisions were midline. Gynecologic diagnoses and procedures were laparoscopic cytoreduction for ovarian cancer (1), lsh/bso/staging for ovarian cancer (1), lavh/bso/lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancer (4), and lavh/bso, lsh/bso, or bso for large ovarian mass (7). Median patient age was 57 years, median BMI was 31kg/m(2), and all patients had medical comorbidities. All 13 laparoscopic gynecologic surgeries were successful without trocar insertion injury, conversion to laparotomy, and without enterotomy. Abdominal adhesions were present in all cases. Median operative time was 2 hours, median blood loss was 100cc, and median hospital stay was 1 day. There were no postoperative complications. Laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection is feasible for experienced laparoscopic surgeons.

  17. MALNUTRITION IN THE SURGICAL PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andonovska Biljana J.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The term 'malnutrition' is a broad term used to describe any imbalance in the diet. In 2009 it was confirmed that malnutrition is an urgent health problem. The reasons for which malnutrition may develop are different. Loss on cellular, physical and physiological level happens as a consequence of malnutrition. Studies show that in surgical practice there is malnutrition in 50% of patients and that there is an association between inadequate nutritional status and surgical result. It leads to prolonged treatment, increasing of the level of morbidity and mortality, increased hospital costs, etc. Sometimes malnutrition is unrecognised, untreated and worsened in hospitals. For this reason this paper will elaborate: nutrition and a surgical patient, assessment of a nutritional status, assessment of energy requirements, and enteral and parenteral nutrition in order to determine the conditions and procedures that affect the appearance, recognition and treatment of malnutrition.

  18. [Results of surgical treatment of intrathoracic recurrence after complete resection of non-small cell lung cancer: clinical significance of subsequent lesion in lung parenchyma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Y; Takahashi, S; Sato, M; Sagawa, M; Kanma, K; Usuda, K; Endo, C; Chen, Y; Sakurada, A; Aikawa, H

    1995-01-01

    Results of surgical treatment for 33 intrathoracic recurrence after complete resection of non-small cell lung cancer were analyzed. Prognosis of the second surgical treatment were favorable in patients with subsequent cancer with in situ component and solitary lesion in lung parenchyma. Retrospective study of 53 patients who recurred and were thoroughly followed up their clinical course until lung cancer death revealed that the solitary one tends to be confined to the intrathoracic location, and the multiple one did not confined to the intrathoracic location but also extended to the extrathoracic distant metastasis or to the supraclavicular lymph nodes.

  19. Definitive Chemoradiation Therapy Following Surgical Resection or Radiosurgery Plus Whole-Brain Radiation Therapy in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients With Synchronous Solitary Brain Metastasis: A Curative Approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parlak, Cem, E-mail: cemparlak@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Baskent University, Adana Medical Faculty, Adana (Turkey); Mertsoylu, Hüseyin [Department of Medical Oncology, Baskent University, Adana Medical Faculty, Adana (Turkey); Güler, Ozan Cem; Onal, Cem; Topkan, Erkan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Baskent University, Adana Medical Faculty, Adana (Turkey)

    2014-03-15

    Purpose/Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of definitive thoracic chemoradiation therapy following surgery or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) on the outcomes of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with synchronous solitary brain metastasis (SSBM). Methods and Materials: A total of 63 NSCLC patients with SSBM were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were staged using positron emission tomography-computed tomography in addition to conventional staging tools. Thoracic radiation therapy (TRT) with a total dose of 66 Gy in 2 Gy fractions was delivered along with 2 cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy following either surgery plus 30 Gy of WBRT (n=33) or SRS plus 30 Gy of WBRT (n=30) for BM. Results: Overall, the treatment was well tolerated. All patients received planned TRT, and 57 patients (90.5%) were also able to receive 2 cycles of chemotherapy. At a median follow-up of 25.3 months (7.1-52.1 months), the median months of overall, locoregional progression-free, neurological progression-free, and progression-free survival were 28.6, 17.7, 26.4, and 14.6, respectively. Both univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that patients with a T1-T2 thoracic disease burden (P=.001), a nodal stage of N0-N1 (P=.003), and no weight loss (P=.008) exhibited superior survival. Conclusions: In the present series, surgical and radiosurgical treatments directed toward SSBM in NSCLC patients were equally effective. The similarities between the present survival outcomes and those reported in other studies for locally advanced NSCLC patients indicate the potentially curative role of definitive chemoradiation therapy for highly selected patients with SSBM.

  20. Surgical treatment for lumbar hyperlordosis after resection of a spinal lipoma associated with spina bifida: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Tatsuya; Yonezawa, Ikuho; Onda, Shingo; Yoshikawa, Kei; Takano, Hiromitsu; Shimamura, Yukitoshi; Okuda, Takatoshi; Kaneko, Kazuo

    2017-09-01

    A hyperlordosis deformity of the lumbar spine is relatively rare, and surgical treatment has not been comprehensively addressed. In this case report, we describe the clinical presentation, surgical treatment, and medium-term follow-up of a patient presenting with a progressive lumbar hyperlordosis deformity after resection of a spinal lipoma associated with spina bifida. The patient was a 20-year-old woman presenting with a progressive hyperlordosis deformity of the lumbar spine associated with significant back pain (visual analog pain score of 89/100 mm), but with no neurological symptoms. The lumbar lordosis (LL), measured on standing lateral view radiographs, was 114°, with a sagittal vertical axis (SVA) of -100 mm. The patient had undergone excision of a lipoma, associated with spina bifida of the lumbar spine, at 7 months of age.She was first evaluated at our hospital at 18 years of age for progressive spinal deformity and lumbago. An in situ fusion, from T5 to S1, using pedicle screws with bone graft obtained from the iliac crest, was performed. Postoperatively, the LL decreased to 93°, and the SVA decreased to -50 mm. The decision to not correct the hyperlordosis deformity fully was intentional. Seven years and 1 month postsurgery, the patient had no limitations in standing and walking and reported a pain score of 8/100 mm; there was no evidence of a loss of correction. Lumbar hyperlordosis after resection of a spinal lipoma associated with spina bifida is rare. Posterior fixation provided an effective treatment in this case. As the lumbar hyperlordosis deformity is often high, correction can be difficult. In this case, although the correction and fusion were performed in situ, there was no progression of either the deformity or the lumbago. Early detection remains an essential component of effective treatment, allowing correction when the spinal deformity is easily reversible.

  1. Prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient with a resected right ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-10-01

    Oct 1, 2015 ... The patient was treated with a bar‑retained maxillar denture with a guide ramp and an implant‑supported fixed mandibular ... The history of the patient described .... patient with a resected partial mandible caused by a tumor.

  2. Surgical resection of a solitary para-aortic lymph node metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Junji Ueda; Hiroshi Yoshida; Yasuhiro Mamada; Nobuhiko Taniai; Sho Mineta; Masato Yoshioka; Youichi Kawano

    2012-01-01

    Lymph node (LN) metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are considered uncommon.We describe the surgical resection of a solitary para-aortic LN metastasis from HCC.A 65-year-old Japanese man with B-type liver cirrhosis was admitted for the evaluation of a liver tumor.He had already undergone radiofrequency ablation,transcatheter arterial chemoemboliza tion,and percutaneous ethanol injection therapy for HCC.Despite treatment,viable regions remained in segments 4 and 8.We performed a right paramedian sectionectomy with partial resection of the left paramedian section of the liver.Six months later,serum concentrations of alpha-fetoprotein (189 ng/mL) and PIVKA-2 (507 mAU/mL) increased.Enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a tumor (20 mm in diameter) on the right side of the abdominal aorta.Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography revealed an increased standard uptake value.There was no evidence of recurrence in other regions.Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy revealed no malignant tumor in the gastrointestinal tract.Para-aortic LN metastasis from HCC was thus diagnosed.We performed lymphadenectomy.Histopathological examination revealed that the tumor was largely necrotic,with poorly differentiated HCC on its surface,which confirmed the suspected diagnosis.After 6 mo tumor marker levels were normal,with no evidence of recurrence.Our experience suggests that a solitary para-aortic LN metastasis from HCC can be treated surgically.

  3. Three-year and five-year outcomes of surgical resection for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: Long-term experiences in one medical center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Chih-Po; Hsu, Jun-Te; Liao, Chien-Hung; Kang, Shih-Ching; Lin, Being-Chuan; Hsu, Yu-Pao; Yeh, Chun-Nan; Yeh, Ta-Sen; Hwang, Tsann-Long

    2016-12-20

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is one of the most malignant types of cancer. This study evaluated the 3-year and 5-year surgical outcomes associated with the cancer and determined whether statistically identified factors can be used to predict survival. This retrospective review was conducted from 1995 to 2010. Patients who had resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and received surgical treatment were included. Cases of hospital mortality were excluded. The relationships between several clinicopathological factors and the survival rate were analyzed. A total of 223 patients were included in this study. The 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 21.4% and 10.1%, respectively, and the median survival was 16.1 months. Tumor size, N status, and resection margins were independent predictive factors for 3-year survival. Tumor size independently predicted 5-year survival. Tumor size is the most important independent prognostic factor for 3-year and 5-year survival. Lymph node status and the resection margins also independently affected the 3-year survival. These patient outcomes might be improved by early diagnosis and radical resection. Future studies should focus on the tumor biology of this aggressive cancer. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Taiwan.

  4. Predictors of prolonged postoperative endotracheal intubation in patients undergoing thoracotomy for lung resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cywinski, Jacek B; Xu, Meng; Sessler, Daniel I; Mason, David; Koch, Colleen Gorman

    2009-12-01

    The aim of this study was to identify predictors of delayed endotracheal extubation defined as the need for postoperative ventilatory support after open thoracotomy for lung resection. An observational cohort investigation. A tertiary referral center. The study population consisted of 2,068 patients who had open thoracotomy for pneumonectomy, lobectomy, or segmental lung resection between January 1996 and December 2005. Not applicable. Preoperative and intraoperative variables were collected concurrently with the patient's care. Risk factors were identified using logistic regression with stepwise variable selection procedure on 1,000 bootstrap resamples, and a bagging algorithm was used to summarize the results. Intraoperative red blood cell transfusion, higher preoperative serum creatinine level, absence of a thoracic epidural catheter, more extensive surgical resection, and lower preoperative FEV(1) were associated with an increased risk of delayed extubation after lung resection. Most predictors of delayed postoperative extubation (ie, red blood cell transfusion, higher preoperative serum creatinine, lower preoperative FEV(1), and more extensive lung resection) are difficult to modify in the perioperative period and probably represent greater severity of underlying lung disease and more advanced comorbid conditions. However, thoracic epidural anesthesia and analgesia is a modifiable factor that was associated with reduced odds for postoperative ventilatory support. Thus, the use of epidural analgesia may reduce the need for post-thoracotomy mechanical ventilation.

  5. Surgical strategies for petroclival meningioma in 57 patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Pei-liang; MAO Ying; ZHU Wei; ZHAO Nai-qing; ZHAO Yao; CHEN Liang

    2010-01-01

    Background Resection of petroclival meningioma (PCM) is difficult for neurosurgeons and usually brings poor performance status. In this study, we evaluated the possible risk factors for unfavorable clinical outcomes of surgical treatment of PCM, and tried to explore the optimal surgical strategies for better postoperative quality of life.Methods We recruited 57 patients (14 male, 43 female, mean age, 50.5 years) who underwent surgical resection of PCM in Huashan Hospital during 2002-2006. The primary outcomes including postoperative neurological deficits,modified Rankin scale (mRS) score and recurrence rate were evaluated, and all potential risk factors were assessed by the X2 test. Odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were calculated by univariate Logistic regression. The mean follow-up time was 34 months.Results Gross total resection was achieved in 58% of patients. One patient died during the perioperative period because of intracranial hemorrhage. Sixty-seven percent of patients experienced new postoperative neurological deficits and 26% had a higher mRS score at follow-up assessment. Postoperative complications were observed in 24 patients.Within the follow-up period, radiographic recurrence occurred in 12.3% of patients at a mean follow-up of 42 months.Postoperative radiosurgery was administered to 19 patients who had residual tumors or recurrence and no furtherprogression was found. Tumor adhesion, hypervascularity and engulfment of neurovascular structures were three risk factors for increased mRS score (P=0.0002; P=0.0051; P=0.0009). Tumor adherence to adjacent structures clearly affected the extent of resection (P=0.0029). The risk of postoperative cranial nerve deficits increased with tumor engulfment of neurovascular structures (P=0.0004).Conclusions Intraoperatively defined tumor characteristics played a critical role in identifying postoperative functional status. An individual treatment strategy after careful preoperative evaluation could help

  6. Limb-sparing management with surgical resection, external-beam and intraoperative electron-beam radiation therapy boost for patients with primary soft tissue sarcoma of the extremity. A multicentric pooled analysis of long-term outcomes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calvo, Felipe A. [Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Department of Oncology, Madrid (Spain); Complutense University, School of Medicine, Madrid (Spain); Sole, Claudio V. [Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Department of Oncology, Madrid (Spain); Complutense University, School of Medicine, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Radiomedicina, Service of Radiation Oncology, Santiago (Chile); Polo, Alfredo; Montero, Angel [Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal, Service of Radiation Oncology, Madrid (Spain); Cambeiro, Mauricio; Martinez-Monge, Rafael [Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Service of Radiation Oncology, Pamplona (Spain); Alvarez, Ana [Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Service of Radiation Oncology, Madrid (Spain); Cuervo, Miguel [Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Service of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Madrid (Spain); Julian, Mikel San [Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Service of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Pamplona (Spain)

    2014-10-15

    A joint analysis of data from three contributing centres within the intraoperative electron-beam radiation therapy (IOERT) Spanish program was performed to investigate the main contributions of IORT to the multidisciplinary treatment of high-risk extremity soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Patients with an histologic diagnosis of primary extremity STS, with absence of distant metastases, undergoing limb-sparing surgery with radical intent, external beam radiotherapy (median dose 45 Gy) and IOERT (median dose 12.5 Gy) were considered eligible for participation in this study. From 1986-2012, a total of 159 patients were analysed in the study from three Spanish institutions. With a median follow-up time of 53 months (range 4-316 years), 5-year local control (LC) was 82 %. The 5-year IOERT in-field control, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 86, 62 and 72 %, respectively. On multivariate analysis, only microscopically involved margin (R1) resection status retained significance in relation to LC (HR 5.20, p < 0.001). With regard to IOERT in-field control, incomplete resection (HR 4.88, p = 0.001) and higher IOERT dose (≥ 12.5 Gy; HR 0.32, p = 0.02) retained a significant association in multivariate analysis. From this joint analysis emerges the fact that an IOERT dose ≥ 12.5 Gy increases the rate of IOERT in-field control, but DFS remains modest, given the high risk of distant metastases. Intensified local treatment needs to be tested in the context of more efficient concurrent, neo- and adjuvant systemic therapy. (orig.) [German] Um den therapeutischen Beitrag einer intraoperativen Bestrahlung mit Elektronen (IOERT) als Teil eines multidisziplinaeren Behandlungskonzepts von Weichteilsarkomen (STS) im Extremitaetenbereich mit hohem Risikoprofil evaluieren zu koennen, wurde anhand des spanischen IOERT-Programms eine gepoolte Datenanalyse von drei teilnehmenden Zentren vorgenommen. Eingeschlossen in diese Studie wurden Patienten mit histologisch

  7. Surgical resection of a renal cell carcinoma involving the inferior vena cava: the role of the cardiothoracic surgeon

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Parissis, Haralabos

    2010-11-05

    Abstract Background The techniques for the resection of renal tumors with IVC extension are based on the experience of individual units. We attempt to provide a logical approach of the surgical strategies in a stepwise fashion. Methods Over 6-years 9 patients with renal cell carcinoma invading the IVC, underwent surgery. There were 6 males. The extension was at level IV in 4 and III in 5 cases. CPB used in 8 and hypothermia and circulatory arrest in all patients with level IV disease. The results and an algorithm of the plan of action, as per level of extension are presented. Results Plan of action: For level I-II disease: No Cardiothoracic involvement, For level III: Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB) & control of the cavo-atrial junction. For level IV: use of brief periods of Circulatory Arrest & repair of the Cavotomy with a pericardial patch. Postoperative morbidity: prolonged ICU stay, 3 patients (33.3%); tracheostomy, 1 (11.1%); Sepsis, 2 (22.2%); CVA 1, (11.1%). Mortality: 2 patients (22.2%) Conclusions Total clearance of the IVC from an adherent tumor is important, therefore extensive level IV disease presents a surgical challenge. We recommend CPB for level III and brief periods of Total Circulatory Arrest (TCA) for level IV disease.

  8. Analysis of 137 Patients Who Underwent Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Pituitary Adenoma Resection Under High-Field Intraoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Navigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Huaping; Wang, Fuyu; Zhou, Tao; Wang, Peng; Chen, Xiaolei; Zhang, Jiashu; Zhou, Dingbiao

    2017-08-01

    Pure endoscopic resection has become the most popular surgical approach for pituitary adenoma. Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) systems have been in use for endoscopic resection of pituitary adenomas. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of iMRI and neuroimaging navigation techniques during endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery of pituitary adenomas. Data from 137 patients who underwent resection of endoscopic pituitary adenoma under 1.5T iMRI navigation were collected and analyzed. Of patients, 92 underwent complete resection and 45 had residual tumor on real-time iMRI. Twenty-three patients underwent further surgery, and total resection was achieved in 19. Extent of total resection increased from 67.15% to 81.02%. iMRI revealed 3 patients with bleeding in the surgical area, which was successfully treated during the surgery. Review images obtained 3 months after surgery showed 26 patients with residual tumor; 14 patients had the same volume as intraoperatively, and 12 patients had a volume less than that observed intraoperatively. Residual tumor volume in the suprasellar region was less than that seen intraoperatively in 11 of 15 (73.3%) patients. The use of iMRI and neuronavigation not only leads to a higher rate of tumor resection but also helps in detecting and removing hematomas in the surgical area. Follow-up examinations of extent of residual tumor at 3 months postoperatively were consistent with intraoperative results. Residual tumor volume in the suprasellar region was usually less than that observed intraoperatively. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  9. Impact of elective resection on plasma TIMP-1 levels in patients with colon cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammer, J. H.; Basse, L.; Svedsen, M. N.

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Pre- and post-operative plasma tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) levels have a prognostic impact on patients with colorectal cancer. However, the surgical trauma may play an essential role in regulation of plasma TIMP-1 levels, which in turn may influence subsequent TIMP......-1 measurements. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutively, 48 patients with colon cancer (CC) and 12 patients with nonmalignant colonic disease were randomised to undergo elective laparoscopically assisted or open resection followed by fast track recovery. Plasma samples were collected just before and 1...

  10. Impact of elective resection on plasma TIMP-1 levels in patients with colon cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammer, J. H.; Basse, L.; Svedsen, M. N.;

    2006-01-01

    -1 measurements. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutively, 48 patients with colon cancer (CC) and 12 patients with nonmalignant colonic disease were randomised to undergo elective laparoscopically assisted or open resection followed by fast track recovery. Plasma samples were collected just before and 1......OBJECTIVE: Pre- and post-operative plasma tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) levels have a prognostic impact on patients with colorectal cancer. However, the surgical trauma may play an essential role in regulation of plasma TIMP-1 levels, which in turn may influence subsequent TIMP...

  11. Percutaneous treatment of osteoid osteoma by CT-guided drilling resection in pediatric patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sierre, Sergio; Lipsich, Jose; Questa, Horacio; Moguillansky, Silvia [Hospital Nacional de Pediatria, Department of Interventional Radiology, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Innocenti, Sergio; Lanfranchi, Lucas [Hospital Nacional de Pediatria, Department of Orthopedics, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2006-02-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a painful, benign, small osteogenic bone tumor. For a long time, surgery was the only treatment for these lesions. Different minimally invasive therapeutic techniques have been proposed. We report our experience in the treatment of osteoid osteoma by CT-guided drilling resection in pediatric patients. To evaluate the efficacy of CT-guided percutaneous drilling resection as a minimally invasive therapy for osteoid osteoma in children. Over a 5-year period, 18 patients (age range 6-17 years, mean age 11.6 years) with osteoid osteomas (femur, n=10; tibia, n=5; humerus, n=2; vertebral body, n=1) were treated with this technique. All procedures were performed under general anesthesia. All procedures were technically successful. Clinical success was achieved in 94.5% of patients (17/18). Only one patient had recurrence of symptoms 8 months after percutaneous resection and was surgically retreated. There were no complications. CT-guided percutaneous drilling resection is a safe, simple and effective minimally invasive technique for the treatment of osteoid osteoma in pediatric patients. (orig.)

  12. EFFICACY OF THE ANTERIOR RESECTION IN MANAGMENT OF ACUTE COLONIC OBSTRUCTION IN PATIENTS WITH RECTAL CANCER.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minasyan, A; Sargsyan, R

    2016-10-01

    The aim of this study is to improve the results of surgical treatment of acute bowel obstruction caused by rectal cancer and to reduce the period of full recovery of patients. The presented research included 73 patients (study group) with rectal cancer who underwent emergent anterior resection of rectum with loop ileostomy and intra-operative decompression of colon. Patients of this group were compared to a group of 68 patients (control group) with the same diagnosis who underwent Hartmann's procedure. There was no essential difference between the two groups in the quantity of postoperative complications. However the results indicate significant difference in reversal rates and time to reversal. Thus, the technique of low anterior resection with intraoperative decompression and ileostomy that we used improves outcomes, significantly reduces the period of full recovery.

  13. Patients with oral tumors. Part 1: Prosthetic rehabilitation following tumor resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fierz, Janine; Hallermann, Wok; Mericske-Stern, Regina

    2013-01-01

    The present study reports on the surgical and prosthodontic rehabilitation of 46 patients, 31 male and 15 female, after resection of oral tumors. The treatment was carried out from 2004 to 2007 at the Department of Prosthodontics, University of Bern, with a follow-up time of 3 to 6 years. The average age at diagnosis was 54 years. 76% of all tumors were squamous cell carcinoma, followed by adenocarcinoma. Resection of the tumors including soft and/or hard tissues was performed in all patients. 80% of them additionally underwent radiotherapy and 40% chemotherapy. A full block resection of the mandible was perfomed in 23 patients, and in 10 patients, the tumor resection resulted in an oronasal communication. 29 patients underwent grafting procedures, mostly consisting of a free fibula flap transplant. To enhance the prosthetic treatment outcome and improve the prosthesis stability, a total of 114 implants were placed. However, 14 implants were not loaded because they failed during the healing period or the patient could not complete the final treatment with the prostheses. The survival rate of the implants reached 84.2% after 4 to 5 years. Many patients were only partially dentate before the tumors were detected, and further teeth had to be extracted in the course of the tumor therapy. Altogether, 31 jaws became or remained edentulous. Implants provide stability and may facilitate the adaptation to the denture, but their survival rate was compromised. Mostly, patients were fitted with removable prostheses with obturators in the maxilla and implant-supported complete dentures with bars in the mandible. Although sequelae of tumor resection are similar in many patients, the individual intermaxillary relations, facial morphology and functional capacity vary significantly. Thus, individual management is required for prosthetic rehabilitation.

  14. Complete Resection of Ampullary Paragangliomas Confined to the Submucosa on Endoscopic Ultrasound May Be Best Achieved by Radical Surgical Resection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin A. Ghassemi

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Paragangliomas of the gastrointestinal tract generally are benign tumors usually found in the second portion of the duodenum. We present a case of paraganglioma of the ampulla of Vater confined to the submucosa on endoscopic ultrasound examination. This was initially treated by endoscopic resection, followed by pancreaticoduodenectomy after local resection margins were positive. Histopathology showed a well-differentiated ampullary paraganglioma confined to the submucosa, but with involvement of one regional lymph node. Only 25 prior cases of paraganglioma at the ampulla of Vater have been reported, and nine of these have demonstrated local or distant metastases. Because of their malignant potential, ampullary paragangliomas should be treated with radical resection if the goal is to achieve complete resection, even if preoperative imaging shows local confinement.

  15. Clinical and pathological characteristics of septum pellucidum tumor and choice of surgical approaches for its resection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Lei; ZHANG Mao-zhi; ZHANG Wei; ZHAO Shang-feng; ZHAO Ji-zong; JIA Jin-xiu

    2005-01-01

    Background Tumor involving the septum pellucidum is uncommon. Surgery as the main therapeutic procedure for this lesion is a challenge to neurosurgeons. We analyzed the clinical characteristics and pathological features of septum pellucidum tumor in 41 patients and compared the curative effects of frontal transcortical, trans-sulcal and interhemispheric transcallosal approaches. Methods Clinical characteristics and the pathological features of septum pellucidum tumor were investigated retrospectively in 41 patients. The differences in postoperative residual rates, extents of tumors and resection of normal brain tissues after use of the three approaches in these patients were analyzed statistically. Results Septum pellucidum tumor is more likely to attack young or middle-aged persons. The tumor mainly presents itself as a central neurocytoma or cerebral low-grade glioma in pathology and manifests as intracranial hypertension clinically. No difference was found in the extent of tumor resection but significant difference in the extent of normal brain tissue resection and in postoperative disability rate among the three approaches. The transcortical approach brought about the most serious injury to brain tissue and the highest disability rate, Whereas the frontal transcallosal approach the lightest injury and the lowest disability rate. The injury to brain tissue and the disability rate brought about by the front trans-sulcus approach were between the above two approaches. Conclusions Operation is still regarded the major treatment for septum pellucidum tumor. Transcallosal and trans-sulcus approaches are fit with the concept of minimally invasive surgery, and transcallosal approach is the first choice for septum pellucidum tumor.

  16. Initial single-port thoracoscopy to reduce surgical trauma during open en bloc chest wall and pulmonary resection for locally invasive cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayarri, Clara I.; de Guevara, Antonio Cueto Ladron; Martin-Ucar, Antonio E.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES En bloc pulmonary and chest wall resection is the preferred method of treatment for locally invasive lung carcinoma. However, it carries major trauma to the chest wall, especially in cases with chest wall involvement distant to the potential location of ‘traditional’ thoracotomies. We describe an alternative method of estimating the boundaries of chest wall resection employing video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and hypodermic needles. METHODS VATS delineation of boundaries of chest wall involvement by lung cancer has been performed in six patients who gave written consent. In one case the single–port thoracoscopic examination revealed unexpected distant pleural metastases thus preventing from resection. The other 5 patients, three males and two females [median age of 60.5 (range 39 to 75) years] underwent en bloc anatomical lung resection in addition to chest wall excision and reconstruction for T3N0 lung cancer. RESULTS In these five cases the chest wall opening was restricted to the extent of the rib excision, and the pulmonary resection was performed via the existing chest wall opening without requiring extension of the thoracotomy or any rib spreading. DISCUSSION Minimally invasive techniques aid to delineate the boundaries of chest wall involvement of lung cancer and intraoperative staging. This helped tailoring the surgical approach and location of the thoracotomy, and prevented rib-spreading or additional thoracotomies in our cases. PMID:23592724

  17. Prognostic factors affecting disease-free survival rate following surgical resection of primary breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Horita

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to identify the prognostic factors that significantly influence the disease-free survival rate after surgical resection of primary breast cancers, we determined tumour and lymph node grades, and immunohistochemical staining for estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PR, c-erbB-2, p53, bcl-2, bax and PCNA in 76 patients. Univariate analysis showed that increased grade of tumour and lymph nodes, negative immunostaining for ER, positive immunostaining for c-erbB-2, and a high PCNA index (³30% negatively influenced the disease- free survival rate, but PR, p53, bcl-2 and bax had no predictive value. Although p53 was not an independent prognostic factor by itself, the combination of p53, bcl-2, and bax proved to correlate with the disease-free survival, with the best prognosis noted in tumours negative for p53 and positive for both bcl-2 and bax, intermediate prognosis in tumours negative for p53 and positive for either bcl- 2 or bax and worst prognosis in tumors negative for p53 as well as bcl-2 and bax. Tumour grade correlated positively with PCNA index, while positive staining for ER correlated negatively with tumour grade as well as with PCNA index, although this was statistically insignificant. Immunostaining of breast cancers for Bcl-2 correlated negatively with tumour grade and PCNA index. Immunostaining for c-erbB-2 correlated positively with PCNA but not with tumour grade. Immunostaining for p53 tended to correlate positively with PCNA, but not with tumour grade. Immunostaining for PR and bax did not correlate with tumour grade and PCNA index. These results suggest that in addition to tumour size and lymph node involvement, immunostaining for ER, c-erbB-2, and a high PCNA index are important prognostic factors in human breast cancer. Wild-type p53 with preserved bcl-2 and bax gene products is also a favorable prognostic factor indicating breast cancer at an early stage of cancer progression.

  18. Impact of Portal Vein Involvement from Pancreatic Cancer on Metastatic Pattern After Surgical Resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mierke, Franz; Hempel, Sebastian; Distler, Marius; Aust, Daniela E; Saeger, Hans-Detlev; Weitz, Jürgen; Welsch, Thilo

    2016-12-01

    The present study aims to evaluate the long-term outcome and metastatic pattern of patients who underwent resection of a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) with portal or superior mesenteric vein (PV/SMV) resection. Patients who underwent a partial pancreatoduodenectomy or total pancreatectomy for PDAC between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Three subgroups were generated, depending on PV/SMV resection (P(+)) and pathohistological PV/SMV tumor infiltration (I(+)): P(+)I(+), P(+)I(-), and P(-)I(-). Statistical analysis was performed using the R software package. The study cohort included 179 patients, 113 of whom underwent simultaneous PV/SMV resection. Thirty-six patients (31.9 %) had pathohistological tumor infiltration of the PV/SMV (P(+)I(+)), and were matched with 66 cases without PV/SMV infiltration (P(-)I(-)). The study revealed differences in overall median survival (11.9 [P(+)I(+)] vs. 16.1 [P(+)I(-)] vs. 20.1 [P(-)I(-)] months; p = 0.01). Multivariate survival analysis identified true invasion of the PV/SMV as the only significant, negative prognostic factor (p = 0.01). Whereas the incidence of local recurrence was comparable (p = 0.96), the proportion of patients with distant metastasis showed significant differences (75 % [P(+)I(+)] vs. 45.8 % [P(+)I(-)] vs. 54.7 % [P(-)I(-)], p = 0.01). Furthermore, the median time to progression was significantly shorter if the PV/SMV was involved (7.4 months [P(+)I(+)] vs. 10.9 months [P(+)I(-)] vs. 11.6 months [P(-)I(-)]). Initial liver metastases occurred in 33 % of the patients. True invasion of the PV/SMV is an independent risk factor for overall survival, and is associated with a higher incidence of distant metastasis and shorter progressive-free survival. Radical vascular resection cannot compensate for aggressive tumor biology.

  19. Myofibroblastic tumor causing severe neonatal distress. Successful surgical resection after embolization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castañón, Montserrat; Saura, Laura; Weller, Santiago; Prat, Jordi; Thio, Marta; Sorolla, Juan P; Albert, Asteria; Morales, Lluís

    2005-06-01

    This report describes a case of a term male 3.1 kg, normal delivery, 38 weeks of gestation with a record of hydramnios by prenatal sonography. He had fetal acute suffering and respiratory distress. The first radiographic study showed a mass filling the whole left thorax cage causing erosion of the inferior edge of the third rib. The mediastinum was displaced to the right. Computed tomography scan confirmed a homogeneous tumor that filled the left thorax and displaced the mediastinum to the right without invasion. Surgical biopsy informed of a highly vascularized mesenchymal tumor. The tumor was embolized with Ivalon microparticles obtaining a nearly avascular mass. Complete surgical excision was made, including the whole mass and costal segments. Microscopically, it was an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor. It was composed mainly of spindle-shaped cells without malignant features. On immunohistochemistry, the tumor showed positive staining for vimentin, whereas antidesmin antibodies and S-100 protein were negative. The aim of this article is to present an extremely uncommon case of neonatal distress caused by an intrathoracic, extrapulmonary myofibroblastic tumor. Complete surgical resection was possible after embolization.

  20. High-grade ureteroscopic biopsy is associated with advanced pathology of upper-tract urothelial carcinoma tumors at definitive surgical resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clements, Thomas; Messer, Jamie C; Terrell, John D; Herman, Michael P; Ng, Casey K; Scherr, Douglas S; Scoll, Benjamin; Boorjian, Stephen A; Uzzo, Robert G; Wille, Mark; Eggener, Scott E; Lucas, Steven M; Lotan, Yair; Shariat, Shahrokh F; Raman, Jay D

    2012-04-01

    Accurate assessment of upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) pathology may guide use of endoscopic vs extirpative therapy. We present a multi-institutional cohort of patients with UTUC who underwent surgical resection to characterize the association of ureteroscopic (URS) biopsy features with final pathology results. URS biopsy data were available in 238 patients who underwent surgical resection of UTUC. Biopsies were performed using a brush biopsy kit, mechanical biopsy device, or basket. Stage was classified as a positive brush, nonmuscle-invasive (biopsy, 88/238 (37%) patients had a positive brush, 140 (59%) had a diagnosis of non-MI, and 10 (4%) had MI disease. Biopsy results showed low-grade cancer in 140 (59%) and high-grade cancer in 98 (41%). Pathologic evaluation at surgical resection demonstrated non-MI tumors in 140 (59%) patients, MI in 98 (41%), and high-grade disease in 150 (63%). On univariate analysis, high URS biopsy grade was associated with high-grade (positive predictive value [PPV] 92%, Pbiopsy stage, however, was associated with surgical pathology grade (P=0.005), but not MI (P=0.16) disease. On multivariate analysis, high URS grade, but not biopsy stage, was associated with high final pathology grade (hazard ratio [HR] 16.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 7.0-39.5, Pbiopsy grade, but not stage, is associated with adverse tumor pathology. This information may play a valuable role for risk stratification and in the appropriate selection of endoscopic management vs surgical extirpation for UTUC.

  1. Surgical intervention in patients with necrotizing pancreatitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Besselink, MG; de Bruijn, MT; Rutten, JP; Boermeester, MA; Hofker, HS; Gooszen, HG

    2006-01-01

    Background: This study evaluated the various surgical strategies for treatment of (suspected) infected necrotizing pancreatitis (INP) and patient referrals for this condition in the Netherlands. Methods: This retrospective study included all 106 consecutive patients who had surgical treatment for IN

  2. CLINICAL CASE OF PERFORMING A TWO-ST AGE LOVER RESECTION BY TYPE ALPPS IN PATIENT WHO PREVIOUSLY UNDERWENT ANATOMIC RESECTION OF THE RIGHT LOBE OF THE LIVER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. V. Sidorov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:One of the variants for the surgical treatment of patients with bilobal liver metastases is to perform two-stage anatomic resections. Thus, at least in a quarter of the patients it is impossible to perform the second stage of intervention because of absence of hypertrophy of the remaining liver parenchyma or progression of disease during standby. The most modern and promising way of overcoming this obstacle is to perform the so-called ALPPS (Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein Ligation for Staged hepatectomy or «in situ slit» liver resections. In this article we present a clinical case of performing a two-stage hepatectomy by type ALPPS in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer liver, who previously undergone the anatomic bisegmentectomy SVI-SVII. The present observation is the first in the available literature, evidence of justification perform repeated liver resections in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer and demonstrates the possibility of ALPPS techniques when performing extensive anatomical liver resections in patients who have undergone previous removal of the parenchyma of the right lobe.

  3. Indications for surgical resection of benign pancreatic tumors; Indikationen zur chirurgischen Therapie benigner Pankreastumoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isenmann, R.; Henne-Bruns, D. [Chirurgische Universitaetsklinik, Klinik fuer Allgemein-, Viszeral- und Transplantationschirurgie, Ulm (Germany)

    2008-08-15

    Benign pancreatic tumors should undergo surgical resection when they are symptomatic or - in the case of incidental discovery - bear malignant potential. This is the case for the majority of benign pancreatic tumors, especially for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms or mucinous cystic adenomas. In addition, resection is indicated for all tumors where preoperative diagnostic fails to provide an exact classification. Several different operative techniques are available. The treatment of choice depends on the localization of the tumor, its size and on whether there is evidence of malignant transformation. Partial duodenopancreatectomy is the oncological treatment of choice for tumors of the pancreatic head whereas for tumors of the pancreatic tail a left-sided pancreatectomy is appropriate. Middle pancreatectomy or duodenum-preserving resection of the pancreatic head is not a radical oncologic procedure. They should only be performed in cases of tumors without malignant potential. (orig.) [German] Die Indikationsstellung zur Resektion benigner Pankreastumoren ist gegeben, wenn es sich um einen symptomatischen Tumor handelt oder - bei einem Zufallsbefund - um einen Tumor mit Potenzial zur malignen Entartung. Dies besteht bei der Mehrzahl der benignen Pankreastumoren, insbesondere bei der intraduktalen papillaeren muzinoesen Neoplasie (IPMN) oder muzinoesen Zystadenomen. Operativer Abklaerung beduerfen auch Tumoren, die unter Ausschoepfung aller diagnostischer Moeglichkeiten nicht eindeutig klassifizierbar sind. An chirurgischen Therapieverfahren stehen verschiedene Techniken zur Verfuegung. Die Wahl des Verfahren haengt von der Groesse und Lokalisation des Tumors ab und von der Frage, ob eine maligne Entartung bereits stattgefunden hat. Das onkologisch korrekte Standardresektionsverfahren bei Tumoren des Pankreaskopfes ist die partielle Duodenopankreatektomie, bei Tumoren des Pankreasschwanzes die Pankreaslinksresektion. Eine segmentale Resektion des

  4. Minimally invasive liver resection to obtain tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes for adoptive cell therapy in patients with metastatic melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarez-Downing Melissa M

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Adoptive cell therapy (ACT with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL in patients with metastatic melanoma has been reported to have a 56% overall response rate with 20% complete responders. To increase the availability of this promising therapy in patients with advanced melanoma, a minimally invasive approach to procure tumor for TIL generation is warranted. Methods A feasibility study was performed to determine the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic liver resection to generate TIL for ACT. Retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database identified 22 patients with advanced melanoma and visceral metastasis (AJCC Stage M1c who underwent laparoscopic liver resection between 1 October 2005 and 31 July 2011. The indication for resection in all patients was to receive postoperative ACT with TIL. Results Twenty patients (91% underwent resection utilizing a closed laparoscopic technique, one required hand-assistance and another required conversion to open resection. Median intraoperative blood loss was 100 mL with most cases performed without a Pringle maneuver. Median hospital stay was 3 days. Three (14% patients experienced a complication from resection with no mortality. TIL were generated from 18 of 22 (82% patients. Twelve of 15 (80% TIL tested were found to have in vitro tumor reactivity. Eleven patients (50% received the intended ACT. Two patients were rendered no evidence of disease after surgical resection, with one undergoing delayed ACT with generated TIL after relapse. Objective tumor response was seen in 5 of 11 patients (45% who received TIL, with one patient experiencing an ongoing complete response (32+ months. Conclusions Laparoscopic liver resection can be performed with minimal morbidity and serve as an effective means to procure tumor to generate therapeutic TIL for ACT to patients with metastatic melanoma.

  5. Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery in Patients With Clinically Resectable Lung Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Sakai

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available To investigate the feasibility of thoracoscopic resection, a pilot study was performed in patients with clinically resectable lung tumors. In 40 patients, Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS was performed because of suspicion of malignancy. There were 29 men and 11 women with a median age of 54.8 years (range 18 to 78. Preoperative indications were suspected lung cancer and tumor in 27 patients, assessment of tumor resectability in 7 patients, and probability of metastatic tumors in 6 patients. The final diagnoses in the 27 patients with suspected lung cancer were 12 primary lung cancers, 6 lung metastases, and 9 benign lesions. The success rates for VATS (no conversion to thoracotomy were 1 of 12 (8.3% for resectable stage I lung cancer, 8 of 12 (66.7% for metastatic tumors, and 9 of 9 (100% for benign tumors. With VATS, 6 of 7 patients (85.7%, possible stage III non-small cell lung cancer, an explorative thoracotomy with was avoided, significantly reducing morbidity. The reasons for conversion to thoracotomy were 1 oncological (N2 lymph node dissection and prevention of tumor spillage and 2 technical (inability to locate the nodule, central localization, no anatomical fissure, or poor lung function requiring full lung ventilation. The ultimate diagnoses were 19 lung cancers, 12 metastatic lung tumors, and 9 benign lung tumors. Our data show the limitations of VATS for malignant tumors in general use. These findings, together with the fact that experience in performing thoracoscopic procedures demonstrates a learning curve, may limit the use of thoracoscopic resection as a routine surgical procedure, especially when strict oncological rules are respected.

  6. Local treatment of oligometastatic recurrence in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yano, Tokujiro; Okamoto, Tatsuro; Haro, Akira; Fukuyama, Seiichi; Yoshida, Tsukihisa; Kohno, Mikihiro; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2013-12-01

    We previously reported a retrospective study indicating the prognostic impact of the local treatment of oligometastatic recurrence after a complete resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the present study, we prospectively observed postoperative oligometastatic patients and investigated the effects of local treatment on progression-free survival (PFS). Using a prospectively maintained database of patients with completely resected NSCLC treated between October 2007 and December 2011, we identified 52 consecutive patients with postoperative recurrence, excluding second primary lung cancer. Of these patients, 31 suffering from distant metastases alone without primary site recurrence were included in this study. According to the definition of 'oligometastases' as a limited number of distant metastases ranging from one to three, 17 patients had oligometastatic disease. Of those 17 patients, four patients with only brain metastasis were excluded from the analysis. The oligometastatic sites included the lungs in five patients, bone in four patients, the lungs and brain in two patients, the adrenal glands in one patient and soft tissue in one patient. Eleven of the 13 patients first received local treatment. Three patients (lung, adrenal gland, soft tissue) underwent surgical resection, and the remaining eight patients received radiotherapy. The median PFS was 20 months in the oligometastatic patients who received local treatment. There were five patients with a PFS of longer than two years. The metastatic sites in these patients varied, and one patient had three lesions. On the other hand, the two remaining patients first received a systemic chemotherapy of their own selection. The PFS of these two patients was five and 15 months, respectively. Local therapy is a choice for first-line treatment in patients with postoperative oligometastatic recurrence. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Patient hand hygiene practices in surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardizzone, Laura L; Smolowitz, Janice; Kline, Nancy; Thom, Bridgette; Larson, Elaine L

    2013-06-01

    Little is known about the hand hygiene practices of surgical patients. Most of the research has been directed at the health care worker, and this may discount the role that hand hygiene of the surgical patient might play in surgical site infections. A quasiexperimental, pretest/post-test study was conducted in which patients (n = 72) and nurses (n = 42) were interviewed to examine perceptions and knowledge about patient hand hygiene. Concurrently, observations were conducted to determine whether surgical patients were offered assistance by the nursing staff. Following an initial observation period, nursing staff received an educational session regarding general hand hygiene information and observation results. One month after the education session, patient/nurse dyads were observed for an additional 6 weeks to determine the impact of the educational intervention. Eighty observations, 72 patient interviews, and 42 nurse interviews were completed preintervention, and 83 observations were completed postintervention. In response to the survey, more than half of patients (n = 41, 55%) reported that they were not offered the opportunity to clean their hands, but a majority of the nursing staff reported (n = 25, 60%) that they offered patients the opportunity to clean their hands. Prior to the educational intervention, nursing staff assisted patients in 14 of 81 hand hygiene opportunities. Following the intervention, nursing staff assisted patients 37 out of 83 opportunities (17.3% vs 44.6%, respectively, [χ(2)1 = 13.008, P = .0003]). This study suggests that efforts to increase hand hygiene should be directed toward patients as well as health care workers. Copyright © 2013 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. {sup 18}F-FDG uptake at the surgical margin after hepatic resection: Patterns of uptake and differential diagnosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peungjesada, Silanath [University New Mexico, Department of Radiology, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Aloia, Thomas A. [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Surgical Oncology, Unit 444, Houston, TX (United States); Fox, Patricia [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Biostatistics, Unit 1411, Houston, TX (United States); Chasen, Beth [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Unit 1483, Houston, TX (United States); Shin, Sooyoung; Loyer, Evelyne M. [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Unit 1473, Houston, TX (United States); Baiomy, Ali [Cairo University, National Cancer Center, Cairo (Egypt)

    2015-08-15

    To evaluate the patterns of {sup 18}F-FDG uptake at the surgical margin after hepatectomy to identify features that may differentiate benign and malignant uptake. Patients who had undergone a PET/CT after hepatectomy were identified. Delay between resection and PET/CT, presence of uptake at the surgical margin, pattern of uptake, and maximal standardized value were recorded. The PET/CT findings were correlated with contrast-enhanced CT or MRI. There were 26 patients with increased 18F-FDG uptake; uptake was diffuse in seven and focal in 19. Diffuse uptake was due to inflammation in all cases. Focal uptake was due to recurrence in 12 and inflammation in seven cases. Defining a focal pattern only as a positive for malignancy yielded 100 % sensitivity, 87 % specificity, 37 % false positive rate. As expected, SUV{sub max} was significantly higher for recurrence than inflammation, but did overlap. Contrast-enhanced CT allowed differentiation between malignant and benign uptake in all cases. F-FDG uptake after hepatectomy does not equate to recurrence and yields a high false positive rate. Diffuse uptake did not require additional evaluation in our sample. Focal uptake, however, may be due to recurrence; differentiating benign and malignant nodular uptake relies on optimal contrast-enhanced CT or MRI. (orig.)

  9. SURGICAL METHODS OF TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH FORMED PANCREATIC CYSTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Merzlikin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: a comparative analysis of the results of the use of different surgical methods of treatment of patients with formed pancreatic cysts.Material and methods. 108 patients with formed pancreatic cysts were treated and analysis of shortand long-term results of their surgical treatment was performed. Patients were divided into three groups depending on the type of surgical intervention: I – external drainage – 44 (40.7%, II – internal drainage –33 (30.6%, III – resection operations – 31 (28.7%.Results and discussions. Marsupialization of cyst by laparotomy incision was performed in patients of I group (n = 44. 18 (40.9% complications, 9 (20.5% lethal cases were after operation. Anastomoses of cysts with the small intestine were mostly performed in II group (n = 33 – 21 (63.6%. 7 (21.2% complications, 1 (3.0% lethal case were after operation. Distal resections were performed in patients of III group (n = 31 in 16 (51.6% cases. Duodenum-preserving resections were introduced for treatment of cyst of pancreas head – 12 (38.7%. When performing this type of operations we proposed nikelid titanium stents for the prevention of anastomosis stenosis and preoperative retrograde stenting of the common bile duct for the prevention of damage. 10 (32.3% complications and no lethal cases were after operation. Immediate results were worse in patients of I group. 47 (43.5% patients were analyzed in long-term period. The number of recurrences of the disease (13.3% and long-term mortality (33.3% prevailed in the group of patients undergoing internal drainage of cysts. Quality of life, level of mental and physical health, that was assessed using SF-36, were higher in group of patients with reactionary treatment.Conclusion. The best immediate and long-term results were noted after resection operations, that enables to recommend their as the most optimal and radical method for treatment of patients with pancreatic cysts. Introducing of duodenum

  10. Mini-invasive resection and collapse therapy in patients with bilateral pulmonary tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korpusenko I.V.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Improve the effectiveness of surgical treatment in patients with bilateral destructive pulmonary tuberculosis by mini-invasive resection and collapse therapy. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 222 patients’ cards with bilateral destructive pulmonary tuberculosis who were treated in the period from 1995 to 2014 in the thoracic department of Dnepropetrovsk regional clinical therapeutic and prophylactic association "Phthisiology". Patients were divided into 2 groups: basic (111 patients who underwent mini-invasive surgery and control (111 patients, who underwent standard surgical approach. The distribution of patients in investigated groups was representative by the majority of parameters. Results and discussion. The average duration of simultaneous bilateral VATS lung resections was 1,90 ± 0,12 hour, standard thoracotomies - 2,13 ± 0,19 per hour, estimated blood loss was 234±5,20ml and 433±3,70ml respectively. The average postoperative time in-patient was 52,40±2,63 days in basic and 80,10±3,58 days in the control group. Number of postoperative complications after lung resection with VATS was significantly lower (1.6 times, as compared with standard surgical approach. Volume of blood loss less than 400 ml was 93,40±3,20% in basic and 72,60±4,80% in the control group, the amount of intraoperative complications reduced by 2.2 times. Complete clinical response (decontamination and closing of cavities have been achieved in patients of the basic group by 1.6 times more often. Conclusions: For patients with bilateral pulmonary tuberculosis to perform mini-invasive surgical approach is the best option. Mini-invasive interventions with VATS due to its good abilities to visualize tissues and anatomical structures may significantly decrease the amount of intraoperative blood and plasma loss in the first postoperative day. It leads to the stabilization of tuberculosis process in the contralateral lung, responsible for

  11. Postoperative care for the robotic surgery bowel resection patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenner, Zara R; Salathiel, Mary; Macey, Barbara A; Krenzer, Maureen

    2011-01-01

    A new surgical method is available for colon and rectal surgery. Robotic surgery, using the daVinci Si HD Surgical System, offers surgical advances compared with the traditional open or laparoscopic surgical methods. The potential advantages of robotic technology continue to be explored and its most appropriate functions are yet to be determined. In clinical experience, the use of this surgical method has resulted in changes to postoperative nursing care management. This article describes changes in the management of postoperative patient care including fluid and electrolyte balance, and patient and staff education. Modifications were instituted in the clinical pathway to facilitate an accelerated standard of care. New discharge strategies were implemented to ensure ongoing fluid and electrolyte balance by the patient. A true team effort from a multitude of disciplines was required for the changes in patient care routine to be effective. Outcomes including length of stay and patient satisfaction are presented.

  12. Rapid rehabilitation in elderly patients after laparoscopic colonic resection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Linda; Funch-Jensen, P; Kehlet, H

    2000-01-01

    invasive procedure. In the present study the laparoscopic approach was combined with a perioperative multimodal rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: After laparoscopically assisted colonic resection, patients were treated with epidural local anaesthesia for 2 days, early mobilization and enteral nutrition...... rehabilitation protocol of pain relief, early mobilization and oral nutrition....

  13. Stage IV Melanoma : Completely Resectable Patients are Scarce

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wevers, K. P.; Hoekstra, H. J.

    In melanoma, about 1 in 5 patients develops distant metastases and suffers a very poor prognosis. Common treatment options comprise surgery, systemic medical therapy, and radiotherapy, depending on the number, the location, and the resectability of distant metastases. Previous studies suggested that

  14. Current concepts in hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Alessandro Cucchetti; Matteo Cescon; Franco Trevisani; Antonio Daniele Pinna

    2012-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most frequent neoplasms worldwide and in most cases it is associated with liver cirrhosis.Liver resection is considered the most potentially curative therapy for HCC patients when liver transplantation is not an option or is not immediately accessible.This review is aimed at investigating the current concepts that drive the surgical choice in the treatment of HCC in cirrhotic patients;Eastern and Western perspectives are highlighted.An extensive literature review of the last two decades was performed,on topics covering various aspects of hepatic resection.Early post-operative and long-term outcome measures adopted were firstly analyzed in an attempt to define an optimal standardization useful for research comparison.The need to avoid the development of post-hepatectomy liver failure represents the "conditio sine qua non" of surgical choice and the role of the current tools available for the assessment of liver function reserve were investigated.Results of hepatic resection in relationship with tumor burden were compared with those of available competing strategies,namely,radiofrequency ablation for early stages,and trans-arterial chemoembolization for intermediate and advanced stages.Finally,the choice for anatomical versus non-anatomical,as well as the role of laparoscopic approach,was overviewed.The literature review suggests that partial hepatectomy for HCC should be considered in the context of multi-disciplinary evaluation of cirrhotic patients.Scientific research on HCC has moved,in recent years,from surgical therapy toward non-surgical approaches and most of the literature regarding topics debated in the present review is represented by observational studies,whereas very few well-designed randomized controlled trials are currently available; thus,no robust recommendations can be derived.

  15. CT-guided brachytherapy as salvage therapy for intrahepatic recurrence of HCC after surgical resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnapauff, Dirk; Collettini, Federico; Hartwig, Kerstin; Wieners, Gero; Chopra, Sascha; Hamm, Bernd; Gebauer, Bernhard

    2015-01-01

    Prevalence of patients with unresectable recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after previous resection is rising. The purpose of this study was to determine survival of patients undergoing computed tomography-guided brachytherapy (CT-HDRBT). Altogether 19 patients with unresectable HCC recurrence were treated with CT-HDRBT at our Institution. Patients underwent single-fraction high-dose irradiation by an iridium-192 source after CT fluoroscopy-guided catheter placement. The median tumor-enclosing target dose was 20 Gy. The median follow-up was 33 months. According to the Kaplan-Meier method, median overall survival after CT-HDRBT was 50 months, and median survival after first hepatic resection was 87 months. The median duration of local tumor control was 32 months and time to disease progression was 20 months. There were no serious complications after CT-HDRBT and no treatment-related deaths. CT-HDRBT is a safe, potentially life prolonging technique in patients with recurrence of HCC who have few therapeutic options. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.

  16. Diabetes mellitus increases the risk of intrahepatic recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after surgical resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Yunseon; Choi, YoungKil; Choi, Chang Soo; Lee, Yun-Han

    2017-05-12

    The relationship between cancer and metabolism has recently been receiving attention. We investigated the prognostic influence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with curative resection. The records of 58 patients who underwent curative resection for HCC pT1-2N0M0 between 2010 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Fourteen patients (24.1%) had diabetes mellitus at diagnosis. Local control (LC) was defined as time to recurrence in the liver. The median follow-up was 23.3 months. Relapses occurred in 20 patients (34.5%) during the follow-up period; 17 of them developed intrahepatic recurrence, which was associated with diabetes mellitus (p = 0.013) and alpha fetoprotein (AFP) levels >500 ng/mL (p = 0.019). Overall relapses (n = 20) were related to T stage (p = 0.044), AFP level (p = 0.005), and diabetes (p = 0.044). The 3-year local control (intrahepatic control), disease-free survival, and overall survival rates were 56.7%, 50.5%, and 84.3%, respectively. LC was affected by diabetes mellitus (p = 0.046), Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging (pDiabetes was also associated with reduced LC in the subgroup with hepatitis B-related HCC (n = 44, p = 0.028). Diabetes mellitus is correlated with intrahepatic HCC recurrence after surgery. Greater attention should be paid to managing patients with HCC and diabetes mellitus.

  17. Uncommon features of surgically resected ALK-positive cavitary lung adenocarcinoma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takamori, Shinkichi; Yamaguchi, Masafumi; Taguchi, Kenichi; Edagawa, Makoto; Shimamatsu, Shinichiro; Toyozawa, Ryo; Nosaki, Kaname; Hirai, Fumihiko; Seto, Takashi; Takenoyama, Mitsuhiro; Ichinose, Yukito

    2017-12-01

    Some features found on chest computed tomography (CT), such as central tumor location, large pleural effusion, and the absence of a pleural tail, and a patient age of less than 60 years, have been suggested to be useful in predicting anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).A 68-year-old female patient with a history of gynecological treatment was found to have a cavitary mass in the right lower lobe on an annual chest roentgenogram. The tumor was located in the peripheral area with a pleural tail showing no pleural effusion. In addition, two pure ground-glass-opacity nodules (p-GGNs) in the right upper lobe of the lung were detected on consecutive chest CT scans. The patient underwent right lower lobectomy, partial resection of the right upper lobe, and hilar mediastinal lymph node dissection for complete resection of each tumor. The pathological diagnosis was invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma with signet-ring cells for the cavitary mass in the right lower lobe and invasive adenocarcinoma for the rest of the p-GGNs; subcarinal lymph node metastasis was also detected. The ALK rearrangement was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization from the cavitary mass. The patient underwent four cycles of cisplatin and vinorelbine chemotherapy as standard adjuvant chemotherapy for pStage III NSCLC. The ALK fusion gene status of NSCLC with atypical CT features should also be investigated.

  18. Surgical management of medically refractory epilepsy in patients with polymicrogyria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Doris D.; Knox, Renatta; Rolston, John D.; Englot, Dario J.; Barkovich, A. James; Tihan, Tarik; Auguste, Kurtis I.; Knowlton, Robert C.; Cornes, Susannah B.; Chang, Edward F.

    2017-01-01

    Objective Polymicrogyria (PMG) is a malformation of cortical development characterized by formation of an excessive number of small gyri. Sixty percent to 85% of patients with PMG have epilepsy that is refractory to medication, but surgical options are usually limited. We characterize a cohort of patient with polymicrogyria who underwent epilepsy surgery and document seizure outcomes. Methods A retrospective study of all patients with PMG who underwent epilepsy surgery (focal seizure foci resection and/or hemispherectomy) at our center was performed by review of all clinical data related to their treatment. Results We identified 12 patients (7 males and 5 female) with mean age of 18 (ranging from 3 months to 44 years) at time of surgery. Mean age at seizure onset was 8 years, with the majority (83%) having childhood onset. Six patients had focal, five had multifocal, and one patient had diffuse PMG. Perisylvian PMG was the most common pattern seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Eight patients had other cortical malformations including hemimegalencephaly and cortical dysplasia. Scalp electroencephalography (EEG) often showed diffuse epileptic discharges that poorly lateralized but were focal on intracranial electrocorticography (ECoG). Eight patients underwent seizure foci resection and four underwent hemispherectomy. Mean follow-up was 7 years (ranging from one to 19 years). Six patients (50%) were seizure-free at last follow-up. One patient had rare seizures (Engel class II). Three patients were Engel class III, having either decreased seizure frequency or severity, and two patients were Engel class IV. Gross total resection of the PMG cortex trended toward good seizure control. Significance Our study shows that even in patients with extensive or bilateral PMG malformations, some may still be good candidates for surgery because the epileptogenic zone may involve only a portion of the malformation. Intracranial ECoG can provide additional localizing

  19. [Surgical treatment of ptosis by resection of the superior tarsal muscle employing a cutaneous approach (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morax, S

    1982-01-01

    A simple technique for resection of the superior tarsal muscle through a cutaneous approach, for the surgical treatment of ptosis, was employed in severe or moderate, congenital and acquired forms of the affection. Muller's muscle and the aponeurotic fascia are removed in a single piece, while conserving the tarsus.

  20. Intelligence Deficits in Chinese Patients with Brain Tumor: The Impact of Tumor Resection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao Shen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Intelligence is much important for brain tumor patients after their operation, while the reports about surgical related intelligence deficits are not frequent. It is not only theoretically important but also meaningful for clinical practice. Methods. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale was employed to evaluate the intelligence of 103 patients with intracranial tumor and to compare the intelligence quotient (IQ, verbal IQ (VIQ, and performance IQ (PIQ between the intracerebral and extracerebral subgroups. Results. Although preoperative intelligence deficits appeared in all subgroups, IQ, VIQ, and PIQ were not found to have any significant difference between the intracerebral and extracerebral subgroups, but with VIQ lower than PIQ in all the subgroups. An immediate postoperative follow-up demonstrated a decline of IQ and PIQ in the extracerebral subgroup, but an improvement of VIQ in the right intracerebral subgroup. Pituitary adenoma resection exerted no effect on intelligence. In addition, age, years of education, and tumor size were found to play important roles. Conclusions. Brain tumors will impair IQ, VIQ, and PIQ. The extracerebral tumor resection can deteriorate IQ and PIQ. However, right intracerebral tumor resection is beneficial to VIQ, and transsphenoidal pituitary adenoma resection performs no effect on intelligence.

  1. Portal vein-circulating tumor cells predict liver metastases in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bissolati, Massimiliano; Sandri, Maria Teresa; Burtulo, Giovanni; Zorzino, Laura; Balzano, Gianpaolo; Braga, Marco

    2015-02-01

    Pancreatic cancer patients underwent surgical resection often present distant metastases early after surgery. Detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has been correlated to a worse oncological outcome in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. The objective of this pilot study is to investigate the possible prognostic role of CTCs in patients undergoing surgery for pancreatic cancer. In 20 patients undergoing pancreatic resection, 10 mL blood sample was collected intraoperatively from both systemic circulation (SC) and portal vein (PV). Blood sample was analyzed for CTCs with CellSearch® system. All patients underwent an oncologic follow-up for at least 3 years, quarterly. CTCs were detected in nine (45%) patients: five patients had CTCs in PV only, three patients in both SC and PV, and one patient in SC only. CTC-positive and CTC-negative patients were similar for demographics and cancer stage pattern. No significant differences were found in both overall and disease-free survival between CTC-positive and CTC-negative patients. At 3-year follow-up, portal vein CTC-positive patients presented a higher rate of liver metastases than CTC-negative patients (53 vs. 8%, p = 0.038). CTCs were found in 45% of the patients. No correlation between CTCs and survival was found. The presence of CTCs in portal vein has been associated to higher rate of liver metastases after surgery.

  2. Laparoscopic liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with cirrhosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jai Young Cho; Ho-Seong Han

    2016-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor and many cases occur in patients with liver cirrhosis. Although liver transplantation is the most effective treatment option, hepatectomy is still the ifrst curative treatment option because liver transplantation is limited by the donors and high cost. In recent years, laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has increasingly been performed in patients with liver cirrhosis, and has several advantages over open liver resection. Besides less pain and shorter hospital stay, LLR in patients with liver cirrhosis is also associated with lower incidences of postoperative liver failure and ascites because of greater preservation of collateral veins and less liver manipulation. With increasing experience, LLR for HCC located in segments 7 or 8 is now feasible, and anatomic LLR could be performed in patients with cirrhosis. Many comparative studies have shown that LLR is better than open liver resection in patients with liver cirrhosis in terms of a lower incidence of postoperative liver failure and similar patient survival. In conclusion, LLR is a promising treatment modality for HCC in patients with liver cirrhosis.

  3. Cardiac inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor: does it recur after complete surgical resection in an adult?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Xuedong

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is currently considered to be a low-grade neoplasm, and it rarely involves the heart. We reported a rare case of a 59-year-old female who received cardiac surgery for complete resection of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in the left atrium. Five months after surgery, the patient presented with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema and subsequent sudden death due to a left atrial tumor which protruded into the left ventricle through mitral annulus during diastole. The recurrence of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in the left atrium was strongly suggested clinically.

  4. Definition and scope of the surgical treatment in patients with pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. B. Ahmedov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Surgical treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer in lungs is a relatively new trend of modern oncology. In this connection, still there are no clearly formulated criteria for patient selection for this type of intervention, approaches to repeated resections and scope of the surgical operation in case of multiple lesions. Established key prognostic factors include lesion of intrathoracic lymph nodes, timing of the development of metastatic disease, baseline level of carcinoembryonic antigen, number of foci and the volume of metastatic lesion, stage of the disease. Options for surgical access include lateral thoracotomy, sternotomy, thoracoscopy and thoracoscopy combined with additional minithoracotomy.If a patient has a single peripheral metastatic lesions, physician should prefer thoracoscopic operations. One of their advantages include minimum development of adhesions and possibility of subsequent re-thoracoscopy. Resection of pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer (R0 resection rate allows to achieve persistent healing of the tumor process in a significant number of patients.

  5. Evaluation of intraoperative radiotherapy for gastric carcinoma with D2 and D3 surgical resection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huan-Long Qin; Chao-Hong Lin; Xiu-Long Zhang

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To study the proper sites and doses of intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) for gastric carcinoma and the effects of this treatment.METHODS: A total of 106 patients with stage Ⅰ -Ⅳ gastric carcinoma who Received D2 or D3 radical operation combined with IORT were analyzed. Sixty-seven patients with gastric cancer of the antrum and body underwent distal gastrectomy. The sites of irradiation were at the celiac artery and hepatoduodenal ligment area. Another 39 patients with carcinoma of the cardia and upper part of the gastric body and whole stomach underwent proximal gastrectomy or total gastrectomy. The sites of irradiation for this group were the upper margin of the pancreas and the regional para-aorta. The therapeutic effects (including survival and complications) of these 106 cases Received operation combined with IORT (IORT group) were compared with 441 cases treated during the same time period by a radical operation alone (operation group).RESULTS: The radiation dose below 30 Gy was safe.The therapeutic method of the operation combined with IORT did not prolong the survival of patients with stage Ⅰ and Ⅳ gastric cancer, but the 5-year survival rates of patients with stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ gastric cancers were significantly improved. The 5-year survival rates of the stages Ⅲ cancer patients receiving D2 resection combined with IORT were markedly improved, while for those receiving D3 radical resection, only the postoperative 3- or 4-year survival rates were improved (P < 0.005-0.001). The 5-year survival rate for those patients was raised only by 4.7% (P > 0.05).CONCLUSION: The 5-year survival rates of patients lymphadenectomy combined with IORT were improved,and there was no influence on the postoperative complications and mortality.

  6. Surgical techniques in the radical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma%肝门部胆管癌根治性切除手术技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭淑牖; 钱浩然

    2010-01-01

    @@ 肝门部胆管癌是具有挑战性的疑难病症,其根治性切除一直是外科医生不断追求的目标之一.围手术期治疗策略的优化,影像学技术的提高,特别是手术器械的改进为肝门部胆管癌治疗的发展起到了重要的推动作用[1].肝门部胆管癌手术策略的制定以及规范化操作是获得满意远期疗效的基础.%Hilar cholangiocarcinoma remains a formi-dable challenge to hepatopancreatobiliary surgeons since the reported resection of a primary cancer originating at the hepatic duct confluence by Brown and Myers in 1954. Emerging evidence has indicated that aggressive surgery with a curative resection offers a better option for long-term survival compared with conservative therapy. Liver transplantation has also been considered as a management opportunity for the treatment of cholangiocarcinoma. However, the survival rate has been poor due to the high proportion of disease recurrence. This review highlights recent techniques in hilar cholangiocarcinoma resec-tion, with special attention to the management of the resection margin, clinical skills of liver resection, lymph node clearance, and portal vein or hepatic artery resection or reconstruction. In addition, technical advances have been proposed in hepatopan-creatoduodenectomy and liver transplantation for hilar cholangio-carcinoma treatment. In the current hepatic procedures, promis-ing survival outcomes have been obtained in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma, exhibiting a decreased operative mortality and a steady improvement in long-term survival. Overall, the correct clinical strategy and appropriate surgical techniques may provide an increased chance to cure patients with hilar cholan-giocarcinoma.

  7. Root resection under the surgical field employed for extraction of impacted tooth and management of external resorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A R Vivekananda Pai

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This case report illustrates determination of prognosis and immediate resection carried out, before completing the endodontic therapy, during the surgery employed for managing a nonperiodontal problem. This case showed external pressure resorption in the distobuccal root of maxillary second molar caused by the impingement of impacted third molar. Extraction of third molar was decided when healing was not seen, despite initiating endodontic therapy in second molar. Following elevation of flap and extraction of third molar, the poor prognosis due to severe bone loss around the resorbed root was evident. But due to strategic value of second molar, it was found beneficial to employ resection. Therefore, immediate resection was carried out in the same surgical field before the completion of endodontic therapy. This prevented the need for another surgical entry with its associated trauma to carry out resection separately later. Resection followed by the completion of endodontic therapy and full crown assisted in salvaging the remaining functional portion of the tooth and prevented the occurrence of distal extension with its potential drawbacks.

  8. Surgical resection of a giant primary liposarcoma of the anterior mediastinum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mani, Vishnu R.; Ofikwu, Godwin; Safavi, Ali

    2015-01-01

    This case describes the incidental finding and surgical removal of an 1.8-kg liposarcoma in the anterior mediastinum. These tumors are very rare and would normally present with symptoms of intrathoracic compression; however, this patient was completely asymptomatic. The case presentation and treatment rationale are described along with a brief review of existing literature. PMID:26410831

  9. Surgical resection of a giant primary liposarcoma of the anterior mediastinum

    OpenAIRE

    Mani, Vishnu R.; Ofikwu, Godwin; Safavi, Ali

    2015-01-01

    This case describes the incidental finding and surgical removal of an 1.8-kg liposarcoma in the anterior mediastinum. These tumors are very rare and would normally present with symptoms of intrathoracic compression; however, this patient was completely asymptomatic. The case presentation and treatment rationale are described along with a brief review of existing literature.

  10. A Phase II Study of a Paclitaxel-Based Chemoradiation Regimen With Selective Surgical Salvage for Resectable Locoregionally Advanced Esophageal Cancer: Initial Reporting of RTOG 0246

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swisher, Stephen G., E-mail: sswisher@mdanderson.org [Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Winter, Kathryn A. [Headquarters, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Statistical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Komaki, Ritsuko U. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Ajani, Jaffer A. [Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Wu, Tsung T. [Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota (United States); Hofstetter, Wayne L. [Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Konski, Andre A. [Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Willett, Christopher G. [Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)

    2012-04-01

    Purpose: The strategy of definitive chemoradiation with selective surgical salvage in locoregionally advanced esophageal cancer was evaluated in a Phase II trial in Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG)-affiliated sites. Methods and Materials: The study was designed to detect an improvement in 1-year survival from 60% to 77.5% ({alpha} = 0.05; power = 80%). Definitive chemoradiation involved induction chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (650 mg/mg{sup 2}/day), cisplatin (15 mg/mg{sup 2}/day), and paclitaxel (200 mg/mg{sup 2}/day) for two cycles, followed by concurrent chemoradiation with 50.4 Gy (1.8 Gy/fraction) and daily 5-FU (300 mg/mg{sup 2}/day) with cisplatin (15 mg/mg{sup 2}/day) over the first 5 days. Salvage surgical resection was considered for patients with residual or recurrent esophageal cancer who did not have systemic disease. Results: Forty-three patients with nonmetastatic resectable esophageal cancer were entered from Sept 2003 to March 2006. Forty-one patients were eligible for analysis. Clinical stage was {>=}T3 in 31 patients (76%) and N1 in 29 patients (71%), with adenocarcinoma histology in 30 patients (73%). Thirty-seven patients (90%) completed induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiation. Twenty-eight patients (68%) experienced Grade 3+ nonhematologic toxicity. Four treatment-related deaths were noted. Twenty-one patients underwent surgery following definitive chemoradiation because of residual (17 patients) or recurrent (3 patients) esophageal cancer,and 1 patient because of choice. Median follow-up of live patients was 22 months, with an estimated 1-year survival of 71%. Conclusions: In this Phase II trial (RTOG 0246) evaluating selective surgical salvage after definitive chemoradiation in locoregionally advanced esophageal cancer, the hypothesized 1-year RTOG survival rate (77.5%) was not achieved (1 year, 71%; 95% confidence interval< 54%-82%).

  11. Surgical cytoreduction in recurrent ovarian carcinoma in patients with complete response to paclitaxel-platinum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gronlund, Bo; Lundvall, L; Christensen, Ib Jarle;

    2005-01-01

    tumour, was no longer significantly associated with survival. CONCLUSIONS: Complete tumour resection following secondary cytoreductive surgery is associated with improved survival in selected groups of patients with recurrent ovarian cancer. However, other clinical factors than surgical cytoreduction......AIM: The objective was to analyse the impact of secondary cytoreductive surgery in patients with recurrent ovarian carcinoma. METHODS: Retrospective review of 572 consecutive patients with primary ovarian carcinoma. Thirty-eight patients with intraabdominal/pelvic recurrence consisted the study...... group. Clinical variables affecting tumour resectability and survival were evaluated. RESULTS: Complete tumour resection was obtained in 42% of patients. A solitary tumour recurrence was independently associated with complete tumour resection (p=0.009). Median survival for patients with complete...

  12. Effects of art on surgical patients

    OpenAIRE

    Vetter, Diana; Barth, Jürgen; Uyulmaz, Sema; Uyulmaz, Semra; Vonlanthen, René; Belli, Giulio; Montorsi, Marco; Bismuth, Henri; Claudia M. Witt; Clavien, Pierre-Alain

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of art including ambient features such as music, interior design including visual art, and architectural features on health outcomes in surgical patients. Background: Healing environments can have a positive influence on many patients, but data focusing on art in surgical patients remain scarce. Methods: We conducted a systematic search following the PRISMA guidelines from January 2000 to October 2014 on art in surgical patients....

  13. [Statistical study of mandibular resections].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidibe, C A; Dichamp, J; Razouk, O; Bertrand, J C; Guilbert, G

    1994-01-01

    A retrospective study of mandibular resections performed from 1980 to 1984 was conducted to evaluate age, sex, aetiology, etc. The number of mandibular resections appears to have declined at the Institute of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital. Different factors are involved included early diagnosis, improved surgical techniques and better patient follow-up. Partial mandibular resections are increasingly performed (52% of the cases) compared with total resections. Finally, a better understanding of the pathologies involved, especially tumours, has led to an adaptation of the resection techniques to avoid extensive mutilations.

  14. Mean platelet volume provides beneficial diagnostic and prognostic information for patients with resectable gastric cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Xiao-Ming; Xia, You-You; Lian, Lian; Zhou, Chong; Li, Xiang-Li; Han, Shu-Guang; Zheng, Yan; Gong, Fei-Ran; Tao, Min; Mao, Zhong-Qi; Li, Wei

    2016-01-01

    Gastric cancer is the fourth most frequent cancer and the second cause of cancer-related mortalities worldwide. Platelets play an important and multifaceted role in cancer progression. Elevated mean platelet volume (MPV) detected in peripheral blood has been identified in various types of cancer. In the present study, we investigated the application value of MPV in early diagnostic and prognostic prediction in patients with resectable gastric cancer. In total, 168 patients with resectable gastric cancer were included and separated into the gastric cancer and healthy control groups according to median pre-operatic MPV value (MPV low, <10.51 or MPV high, ≥10.51). The results showed that the pre-operatic MPV level was significantly higher in gastric cancer patients compared with the healthy subjects. Low pre-operatic MPV level correlated with improved clinicopathological features, including decreased depth of invasion, less lymphonodus metastasis and early tumor stage. The Kaplan-Meier plots showed that the patients with higher pre-operatic MPV had decreased overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Surgical tumor resection resulted in a significant decrease in the MPV level. The patients whose MPV level decreased following surgery had an improved OS. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the depth of invasion, lymphonodus metastasis, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage, and changes in MPV following surgery were prognostic factors affecting OS, and the AJCC stage and pre-operatic MPV were prognostic factors affecting DFS. In conclusion, MPV measurement can provide important diagnostic and prognostic results in patients with resectable gastric cancer. PMID:27703523

  15. Seizure outcomes after resective surgery for extra-temporal lobe epilepsy in pediatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englot, Dario J; Breshears, Jonathan D; Sun, Peter P; Chang, Edward F; Auguste, Kurtis I

    2013-08-01

    While temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common epilepsy syndrome in adults, seizures in children are more often extratemporal in origin. Extra-temporal lobe epilepsy (ETLE) in pediatric patients is often medically refractory, leading to significantly diminished quality of life. Seizure outcomes after resective surgery for pediatric ETLE vary tremendously in the literature, given diverse patient and epilepsy characteristics and small sample sizes. The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies including 10 or more pediatric patients (age ≤ 19 years) published over the last 20 years examining seizure outcomes after resective surgery for ETLE, excluding hemispherectomy. Thirty-six studies were examined. These 36 studies included 1259 pediatric patients who underwent resective surgery for ETLE. Seizure freedom (Engel Class I outcome) was achieved in 704 (56%) of these 1259 patients postoperatively, and 555 patients (44%) continued to have seizures (Engel Class II-IV outcome). Shorter epilepsy duration (≤ 7 years, the median value in this study) was more predictive of seizure freedom than longer (> 7 years) seizure history (odds ratio [OR] 1.52, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-2.14), suggesting that earlier intervention may be beneficial. Also, lesional epilepsy was associated with better seizure outcomes than nonlesional epilepsy (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.19-1.49). Other predictors of seizure freedom included an absence of generalized seizures (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.18-2.35) and localizing ictal electroencephalographic findings (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.24-1.93). In conclusion, seizure outcomes after resective surgery for pediatric ETLE are less favorable than those associated with temporal lobectomy, but seizure freedom may be more common with earlier intervention and lesional epilepsy etiology. Children with continued debilitating seizures despite failure of multiple medication trials should be referred to a comprehensive pediatric epilepsy center

  16. Phase 2 Trial of Induction Gemcitabine, Oxaliplatin, and Cetuximab Followed by Selective Capecitabine-Based Chemoradiation in Patients With Borderline Resectable or Unresectable Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Esnaola, Nestor F. [Department of Surgery, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (United States); Chaudhary, Uzair B.; O' Brien, Paul [Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (United States); Garrett-Mayer, Elizabeth [Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (United States); Camp, E. Ramsay [Department of Surgery, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (United States); Thomas, Melanie B. [Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (United States); Cole, David J. [Department of Surgery, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (United States); Montero, Alberto J. [Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (United States); Hoffman, Brenda J.; Romagnuolo, Joseph [Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (United States); Orwat, Kelly P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (United States); Marshall, David T., E-mail: marshadt@musc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (United States)

    2014-03-15

    Purpose: To evaluate, in a phase 2 study, the safety and efficacy of induction gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, and cetuximab followed by selective capecitabine-based chemoradiation in patients with borderline resectable or unresectable locally advanced pancreatic cancer (BRPC or LAPC, respectively). Methods and Materials: Patients received gemcitabine and oxaliplatin chemotherapy repeated every 14 days for 6 cycles, combined with weekly cetuximab. Patients were then restaged; “downstaged” patients with resectable disease underwent attempted resection. Remaining patients were treated with chemoradiation consisting of intensity modulated radiation therapy (54 Gy) and concurrent capecitabine; patients with borderline resectable disease or better at restaging underwent attempted resection. Results: A total of 39 patients were enrolled, of whom 37 were evaluable. Protocol treatment was generally well tolerated. Median follow-up for all patients was 11.9 months. Overall, 29.7% of patients underwent R0 surgical resection (69.2% of patients with BRPC; 8.3% of patients with LAPC). Overall 6-month progression-free survival (PFS) was 62%, and median PFS was 10.4 months. Median overall survival (OS) was 11.8 months. In patients with LAPC, median OS was 9.3 months; in patients with BRPC, median OS was 24.1 months. In the group of patients who underwent R0 resection (all of which were R0 resections), median survival had not yet been reached at the time of analysis. Conclusions: This regimen was well tolerated in patients with BRPC or LAPC, and almost one-third of patients underwent R0 resection. Although OS for the entire cohort was comparable to that in historical controls, PFS and OS in patients with BRPC and/or who underwent R0 resection was markedly improved.

  17. Isolated metastasis of colon cancer to the scapula: is surgical resection warranted?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onesti Jill K

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Distant metastases from colon cancer spread most frequently to the liver and the lung. Risk factors include positive lymph nodes and high grade tumors. Isolated metastases to the appendicular skeleton are very rare, particularly in the absence of identifiable risk factors. Case report The patient was a 55 year old male with no previous personal or family history of colon cancer. Routine screening revealed a sigmoid adenocarcinoma. He underwent resection with primary anastomosis and was found to have Stage IIA colon cancer. He declined chemotherapy as part of a clinical trial, and eight months later was found to have an isolated metastasis in his right scapula. This was treated medically, but grew to 12 × 15 cm. The patient underwent a curative forequarter amputation and is now more than four years from his original colon surgery. Discussion Stage IIA colon cancers are associated with a high five year survival rate, and chemotherapy is not automatically given. If metastases occur, they are likely to arise from local recurrence or follow lymphatic dissemination to the liver or lungs. Isolated skeletal metastases are quite rare and are usually confined to the axial skeleton. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an isolated scapular metastasis in a patient with node negative disease. The decision to treat the recurrence with radiation and chemotherapy did not reduce the tumor, and a forequarter amputation was eventually required. Conclusion This case highlights the importance of adequately analyzing the stage of colon cancer and offering appropriate treatment. Equally important is the early involvement of a surgeon in discussing the timing of the treatment for recurrence. Perhaps if the patient had received chemotherapy or earlier resection, he could have been spared the forequarter amputation. The physician must also be aware of the remote possibility of an unusual presentation of metastasis in order to pursue

  18. Evaluation of 118 Thyroid Cancer Patients Who Underwent a Re-operation after Local Resection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianping Hang; Dong Meng; Liqi Li

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To evaluate the incidence of residual thyroid cancer and cervical lymph node metastasis following a previous local resection for thyroid cancer, and to discuss methods of a reoperation.METHODS From 1994~2005, 118 patients with thyroid cancer who had previously been treated with a nodule-resection or subtotal Iobectomy in other hospitals underwent a surgical re-operation.RESULTS The incidence of residual cancer at the primary site was 38.1%. The lymph node metastasis rate at the central area was 39.8%.The rate of lymph node metastasis in patients with enlarged lymph nodes in the ipsilateral internal jugular chain was 37.5%. The rate of laryngeal recurrent nerve injury was 15.2% in other hospitals while that of the second operation in our hospital was 1.6%.CONCLUSION Nodule-resection or subtotal Iobectomy alone is not indicated for patients with thyroid cancer because of the high rate of local residual cancer. It is important to be familiar with the anatomy of the laryngeal recurrent nerve for thyroid surgery. Exploration to the central area is necessary for differentiated thyroid cancer.

  19. En bloc resection concept for endoscopic endonasal nasopharyngectomy: surgical anatomy and outcome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hsu Ning-i; Shen Ping-hung; Chao Siew-shuen; Ong Yew-kwang; Li Cho-shun

    2014-01-01

    Background Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients have a 19%-56% locoregional recurrence rate after primary therapy.For those recurrent NPC (rNPC) patients,re-irradiation may cause some complications.In recent years,endoscopic endonasal nasopharyngectomy (EEN) has become a surgical option for rNPC patients.Here we introduce the concept of en bloc excision (EBE) technique for EEN,including the surgical technique and clinical outcomes.Methods A retrospective study was conducted covering September 2009 to May 2013,involving the collection of Iocoregional rNPC cases from two institutions (Kuang-Tien General Hospital (KTGH) in Taiwan and National University Health System (NUHS) in Singapore).These patients failed prior therapy and then underwent EEN.We reported the 2-year overall survival rate,the 2-year disease-free survival rate,and related complications.Results Nine patients (five from KTGH and four from NUHS) completed this study,with five,two,and two patients of recurrence tumors (rT1),rT2,and rT3,respectively.The mean age was 46.4 years (range 32-63); the mean follow-up period was 24.9 months (range 10-45).The 2-year survival rate and the 2-year disease-free rate were 100% and 80%,respectively,in five patients.No significant complications or cases of mortality occurred.Conclusions The EBE concept of EEN is suitable for early rT1 and has relatively encouraging short-term outcomes.In selected rT2,careful EBE can be performed by expanding the surgical field.A clear view of the internal carotid arteryrelated anatomy is indispensable.In the future,more series may be needed to determine the role of EEN in rNPC patients.

  20. Extent of resection of peritumoral diffusion tensor imaging-detected abnormality as a predictor of survival in adult glioblastoma patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Jiun-Lin; van der Hoorn, Anouk; Larkin, Timothy J; Boonzaier, Natalie R; Matys, Tomasz; Price, Stephen J

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been shown to detect tumor invasion in glioblastoma patients and has been applied in surgical planning. However, the clinical value of the extent of resection based on DTI is unclear. Therefore, the correlation between the extent of resection of DTI abnormalities and patients' outcome was retrospectively reviewed. METHODS A review was conducted of 31 patients with newly diagnosed supratentorial glioblastoma who underwent standard 5-aminolevulinic acid-aided surgery with the aim of maximal resection of the enhancing tumor component. All patients underwent presurgical MRI, including volumetric postcontrast T1-weighted imaging, DTI, and FLAIR. Postsurgical anatomical MR images were obtained within 72 hours of resection. The diffusion tensor was split into an isotropic (p) and anisotropic (q) component. The extent of resection was measured for the abnormal area on the p, q, FLAIR, and postcontrast T1-weighted images. Data were analyzed in relation to patients' outcome using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models controlling for possible confounding factors including age, O(6)-methylguanine-DNA-methyltrans-ferase methylation status, and isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 mutation. RESULTS Complete resection of the enhanced tumor shown on the postcontrast T1-weighted images was achieved in 24 of 31 patients (77%). The mean extent of resection of the abnormal p, q, and FLAIR areas was 57%, 83%, and 59%, respectively. Increased resection of the abnormal p and q areas correlated positively with progression-free survival (p = 0.009 and p = 0.006, respectively). Additionally, a larger, residual, abnormal q volume predicted significantly shorter time to progression (p = 0.008). More extensive resection of the abnormal q and contrast-enhanced area improved overall survival (p = 0.041 and 0.050, respectively). CONCLUSIONS Longer progression-free survival and overall survival were seen in glioblastoma patients in whom more DTI

  1. External-beam radiation therapy after surgical resection and intraoperative electron-beam radiation therapy for oligorecurrent gynecological cancer. Long-term outcome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sole, C.V. [Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Department of Oncology, Madrid (Spain); Complutense University, School of Medicine, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Radiomedicina, Service of Radiation Oncology, Santiago (Chile); Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Institute of Research Investigation, Madrid (Spain); Calvo, F.A. [Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Department of Oncology, Madrid (Spain); Complutense University, School of Medicine, Madrid (Spain); Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Institute of Research Investigation, Madrid (Spain); Lozano, M.A.; Gonzalez-Sansegundo, C. [Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Department of Oncology, Madrid (Spain); Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Service of Radiation Oncology, Madrid (Spain); Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Institute of Research Investigation, Madrid (Spain); Gonzalez-Bayon, L. [Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Service of General Surgery, Madrid (Spain); Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Institute of Research Investigation, Madrid (Spain); Alvarez, A. [Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Service of Radiation Oncology, Madrid (Spain); Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Institute of Research Investigation, Madrid (Spain); Lizarraga, S. [Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Department of Gynecology, Madrid (Spain); Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Institute of Research Investigation, Madrid (Spain); Garcia-Sabrido, J.L. [Complutense University, School of Medicine, Madrid (Spain); Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Service of General Surgery, Madrid (Spain); Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Department of Gynecology, Madrid (Spain)

    2014-02-15

    The goal of the present study was to analyze prognostic factors in patients treated with external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT), surgical resection and intraoperative electron-beam radiotherapy (IOERT) for oligorecurrent gynecological cancer (ORGC). From January 1995 to December 2012, 61 patients with ORGC [uterine cervix (52 %), endometrial (30 %), ovarian (15 %), vagina (3 %)] underwent IOERT (12.5 Gy, range 10-15 Gy), and surgical resection to the pelvic (57 %) and paraaortic (43 %) recurrence tumor bed. In addition, 29 patients (48 %) also received EBRT (range 30.6-50.4 Gy). Survival outcomes were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and risk factors were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses. Median follow-up time for the entire cohort of patients was 42 months (range 2-169 months). The 10-year rates for overall survival (OS) and locoregional control (LRC) were 17 and 65 %, respectively. On multivariate analysis, no tumor fragmentation (HR 0.22; p = 0.03), time interval from primary tumor diagnosis to locoregional recurrence (LRR) < 24 months (HR 4.02; p = 0.02) and no EBRT at the time of pelvic recurrence (HR 3.95; p = 0.02) retained significance with regard to LRR. Time interval from primary tumor to LRR < 24 months (HR 2.32; p = 0.02) and no EBRT at the time of pelvic recurrence (HR 3.77; p = 0.04) showed a significant association with OS after adjustment for other covariates. External-beam radiation therapy at the time of pelvic recurrence, time interval for relapse ≥24 months and not multi-involved fragmented resection specimens are associated with improved LRC in patients with ORGC. As suggested from the present analysis a significant group of ORGC patients could potentially benefit from multimodality rescue treatment. (orig.)

  2. Desmoid Fibromatosis of the Abdominal Wall: Surgical Resection and Reconstruction with Biological Matrix Egis®

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saveria Tropea

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Desmoid tumor is a rare monoclonal fibroblast proliferation that is regarded as benign. The clinical management of desmoid tumors is very complex and requires a multidisciplinary approach because of the unpredictable disease course. For those cases localized in the anterior abdominal wall, symptomatic and unresponsive to medical treatment, radical resection and reconstruction with a prosthetic device are indicated. We present here a case of desmoid fibromatosis of the left anterolateral abdominal wall with a marked increase of the mass that required a large excision followed by reconstruction with biological matrix. The fact that it can be incorporated in patient tissue without a fibrotic response and that it can resist future infections, together with a very competetive price, made the new collagen matrix Egis® our first choice.

  3. Impact of neoadjuvant therapy on postoperative complications in patients undergoing resection for rectal adenocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Immanuel I; Russell, Gregory B; Blackstock, A William; Levine, Edward A

    2004-12-01

    Surgical resection continues to be the mainstay of treatment for rectal cancer. Neoadjuvant therapy (chemotherapy and radiation) has also been shown to be efficacious. The impact of preoperative chemotherapy and radiation on postoperative complications is unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship of neoadjuvant therapy on postoperative complications in patients undergoing a resection of rectal cancer. A total of 325 patients who underwent curative resection for rectal cancer from 1984 to 2001 were retrospectively reviewed. Only cases with complete data sets who had undergone surgery at this institution were evaluable (257). The patients were divided into groups based on the operative procedure performed; abdominoperineal resection (APR) versus sphincter-sparing (SS) procedures (LAR/Transanal) and whether or not preoperative chemotherapy or radiation was administered. There was no significant difference between complication rates for APR and SS with 19 per cent and 14 per cent, respectively. The preoperative therapy had no effect on complications after APR. However, the SS group showed 21 per cent of the patients who received radiation had complications compared to 11 per cent in those who did not (P = 0.087). Complications in the SS group included leaks, wound infections, abscess, embolism, cardiac dysrhythmias, and myocardial infarctions. The 30-day mortality was 1.9 per cent for the entire cohort with no clear difference between groups. There was no significant difference in complication rate between APR and SS. In the APR group, neoadjuvant therapy had no impact on the incidence of complications. However, the SS group did show a trend between preoperative chemotherapy and radiation and complication rate. However, this may not outweigh the advantages of preoperative therapy in this setting.

  4. Comprehensive review of post-liver resection surgical complications and a new universal classification and grading system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Masayuki; Ishii; Toru; Mizuguchi; Kohei; Harada; Shigenori; Ota; Makoto; Meguro; Tomomi; Ueki; Toshihiko; Nishidate; Kenji; Okita; Koichi; Hirata

    2014-01-01

    Liver resection is the gold standard treatment for certain liver tumors such as hepatocellular carcinoma and metastatic liver tumors. Some patients with such tumors already have reduced liver function due to chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, or chemotherapy-associated steatohepatitis before surgery. Therefore, complications due to poor liver function are inevitable after liver resection. Although the mortality rate of liver resection has been reduced to a few percent in recent case series, its overall morbidity rate is reported to range from 4.1% to 47.7%. The large degree of variation in the post-liver resection morbidity rates reported in previous studies might be due to the lack of consen-sus regarding the definitions and classification of postliver resection complications. The Clavien-Dindo(CD) classification of post-operative complications is widely accepted internationally. However, it is hard to apply to some major post-liver resection complications because the consensus definitions and grading systems for posthepatectomy liver failure and bile leakage established by the International Study Group of Liver Surgery are incompatible with the CD classification. Therefore, a unified classification of post-liver resection complications has to be established to allow comparisons between academic reports.

  5. EFFICACY OF DIFFERENT RESECTIONS ON NON-MUSCLE-INVASIVE BLADDER CANCER AND ANALYSIS OF THE OPTIMAL SURGICAL METHOD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, G F; Shi, T P; Wang, B J; Wang, X Y; Zang, Q

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to analyze the clinical efficacy of different resections in treating non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), including partial cystectomy, transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) and holmium laser resection of bladder tumor. Two hundred and sixteen patients were recruited with NMIBC who were available for follow-up visits in hospital, including 62 cases treated with partial cystectomy, 90 cases treated with TURBT and 64 cases with holmium laser resection. Analysis was made on the cases with tumor relapse in the two years, on operation time, blood loss, time for indwelling urinary catheter, hospital stay and complications after operation. Results were compared to the clinical efficacy of these operation patterns. It was found that the two-year relapse rate for TURBT group, partial cystectomy group and Holmium laser resection group was 41%, 31%, and 33% respectively, and the difference had no statistical significance (p>0.05). Both the TURBT group and holmium laser resection group had shorter operation time, hospital stay and time for indwelling urinary catheter as well as much less blood loss when compared with the partial cystectomy group; the difference had statistical significance (pspasm. Therefore, this study presumes that holmium laser resection and TURBT are much safer and quicker for recovery and obviously superior to the partial cystectomy.

  6. Surgical Treatment for Refractory Epilepsy: Review of Patient Evaluation and Surgical Options

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristen M. Kelly

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Treatment of epilepsy often imposes an exposure to various antiepileptic drugs and requires long-term commitment and compliance from the patient. Although many new medications are now available for the treatment of epilepsy, approximately 30% of epilepsy patients still experience recurrent seizures and many experience undesirable side effects. Treatment of epilepsy requires a multidisciplinary approach. For those patients with medically refractory seizures, surgical treatment has increased in prevalence as techniques and devices improve. With increased utilization, proper patient selection has become crucial in evaluating appropriateness of surgical intervention. Epilepsy syndromes in which surgery has shown to be effective include mesial temporal sclerosis, cortical dysplasia, many pediatric epilepsy syndromes, and vascular malformations. Monitoring in an epilepsy monitoring unit with continuous scalp or intracranial EEG is an important step in localization of seizure focus. MRI is the standard imaging technique for evaluation of anatomy. However, other imaging studies including SPECT and PET have become more widespread, often offering increased diagnostic value in select situations. In addition, as an alternative or adjunct to surgical resection, implantable devices such as vagus nerve stimulators, deep brain stimulators, and direct brain stimulators could be useful in seizure treatment.

  7. Intraoperative use of diffusion tensor imaging-based tractography for resection of gliomas located near the pyramidal tract: comparison with subcortical stimulation mapping and contribution to surgical outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vassal, F; Schneider, F; Nuti, C

    2013-10-01

    For gliomas, the goal of surgery is maximal tumour removal with the preservation of neurological function. We evaluated the contribution of the combination of diffusion tensor imaging-based fibre tracking (DTI-FT) of the pyramidal tract (PT) integrated to the navigation and subcortical direct electrical stimulations (DESs) to surgical outcomes. Ten patients underwent surgery for gliomas located in close relationship with the subcortical course of the PT. Preoperative DTI was performed with a three-Tesla magnetic resonance scanner applying an echo-planar sequence with 20 diffusion directions. DTI-FT data were systematically loaded into the navigation for intraoperative guidance. When the resection closely approached the PT as illustrated on navigation images, subcortical DESs were used to confirm the proximity of the PT by observing motor responses. The location of all subcortically stimulated points with positive motor response was correlated with the illustrated PT. Motor deficits were evaluated pre- and postoperatively, and compared with the extent of tumour removal. DTI-FT of the PT was successfully performed in all patients. A total of fifteen positive subcortical DESs were obtained in 8 of 10 patients; in these cases, the mean distance from the stimulated point to the PT was 6.2 ± 3.6 mm. The mean tumoural volumetric resection was 90.8 ± 10.4%, with a gross total resection in four patients. At one month after surgery, only one patient had a slight impairment of motor function (decreased fine motor hand skills). DTI-FT is an accurate technique to map the PT in the vicinity of brain tumours. By combining anatomical (DTI-FT) and functional (subcortical DES) studies for intraoperative localization of the PT, the authors achieved a good volumetric resection of tumours located in eloquent motor areas, with low morbidity. Careful use of this protocol requires the knowledge of some pitfalls, mainly the occurrence of brain shift during removal of large tumours.

  8. The role of {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT in the assessment of suspected recurrent gastric cancer after initial surgical resection: can the results of FDG PET/CT influence patients' treatment decision making?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bilici, Ahmet [Dr. Lutfi Kirdar Kartal Education and Research Hospital, Department of Medical Oncology, Istanbul (Turkey); Esenler, Istanbul (Turkey); Ustaalioglu, Bala Basak Oven; Seker, Mesut; Kefeli, Umut; Gumus, Mahmut [Dr. Lutfi Kirdar Kartal Education and Research Hospital, Department of Medical Oncology, Istanbul (Turkey); Canpolat, Nesrin; Ozugur, Sule [Kosuyolu Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Istanbul (Turkey); Tekinsoy, Bulent [Medipol Hospital, Department of Radiology, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2011-01-15

    {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT has been widely used for staging, re-staging and for monitoring therapy-induced changes and response to therapy in patients with various types of cancer, but its utilization for gastric cancer has been limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical role of FDG PET/CT in the detection of gastric cancer recurrence as compared with diagnostic CT and to assess the impact of FDG PET/CT results on patients' treatment planning. Thirty-four patients with suspected recurrent gastric cancer, who had previously undergone curative gastrectomy and lymph node dissection, were retrospectively analysed. The diagnostic CT and FDG PET/CT imaging were performed for all patients as clinically indicated. The results of FDG PET/CT were compared with the findings of the diagnostic CT. The changes in the clinical management of patients according to the results of FDG PET/CT were also evaluated. FDG PET/CT was performed in 19 patients (55.9%) due to the suspicion of distant metastasis at diagnostic CT. The remaining 15 patients were suspected to have local recurrence at diagnostic CT (n = 4) or gastroscopy (n = 1) and due to an increase in tumour markers or clinical manifestations (n = 10). The FDG PET/CT result was positive in 23 patients (67.6%) and negative in 11 patients (32.4%). In total, 24 (70.6%) of the 34 patients had documented recurrent disease by histopathology in 7 (29.1%) and by clinical follow-up in 17 (70.9%), while 11 patients had no evidence of recurrent disease. FDG PET/CT correctly confirmed recurrent disease in 23 of the patients with recurrence and it was classified as true-positive in these patients. However, FDG PET/CT was false-negative in one patient but recurrent disease was confirmed by histopathology. The overall sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values of FDG PET/CT were significantly superior to those of diagnostic CT (95.8 vs 62.5%, 100 vs 10%, 97 vs 47%, 100

  9. Patient-specific metrics of invasiveness reveal significant prognostic benefit of resection in a predictable subset of gliomas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne L Baldock

    Full Text Available Malignant gliomas are incurable, primary brain neoplasms noted for their potential to extensively invade brain parenchyma. Current methods of clinical imaging do not elucidate the full extent of brain invasion, making it difficult to predict which, if any, patients are likely to benefit from gross total resection. Our goal was to apply a mathematical modeling approach to estimate the overall tumor invasiveness on a patient-by-patient basis and determine whether gross total resection would improve survival in patients with relatively less invasive gliomas.In 243 patients presenting with contrast-enhancing gliomas, estimates of the relative invasiveness of each patient's tumor, in terms of the ratio of net proliferation rate of the glioma cells to their net dispersal rate, were derived by applying a patient-specific mathematical model to routine pretreatment MR imaging. The effect of varying degrees of extent of resection on overall survival was assessed for cohorts of patients grouped by tumor invasiveness.We demonstrate that patients with more diffuse tumors showed no survival benefit (P = 0.532 from gross total resection over subtotal/biopsy, while those with nodular (less diffuse tumors showed a significant benefit (P = 0.00142 with a striking median survival benefit of over eight months compared to sub-totally resected tumors in the same cohort (an 80% improvement in survival time for GTR only seen for nodular tumors.These results suggest that our patient-specific, model-based estimates of tumor invasiveness have clinical utility in surgical decision making. Quantification of relative invasiveness assessed from routinely obtained pre-operative imaging provides a practical predictor of the benefit of gross total resection.

  10. Radiation Therapy Alone in cT1-3N0 Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Who Are Unfit for Surgical Resection or Stereotactic Radiation Therapy: Comparison of Risk-Adaptive Dose Schedules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Won Kyung; Noh, Jae Myoung; Ahn, Yong Chan; Oh, Dongryul; Pyo, Hongryull

    2016-01-01

    Purpose High dose definitive radiation therapy (RT) alone is recommended to patients with cT1-3N0 non-small cell lung cancer, who are unfit for surgery or stereotactic RT. This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness following RT alone using two different modest hypofractionation dose schemes. Materials and Methods Between 2001 and 2014, 124 patients underwent RT alone. From 2001 till 2010, 60 Gy in 20 fractions was delivered to 79 patients (group 1). Since 2011, 60 Gy in 20 fractions (group 2, 20 patients), and 60 Gy in 15 fractions (group 3, 25 patients) were selectively chosen depending on estimated risk of esophagitis. Results At follow-up of 16.7 months, 2-year rates of local control, progression-free survival, and overall survival were 62.6%, 39.1%, and 59.1%, respectively. Overall survival was significantly better in group 3 (p=0.002). In multivariate analyses, cT3 was the most powerful adverse factor affecting clinical outcomes. Incidence and severity of radiation pneumonitis were not different among groups, while no patients developed grade 2 esophagitis in group 3 (p=0.003). Under current Korean Health Insurance Policy, RT cost per person was 22.5% less in group 3 compared with others. Conclusion The current study demonstrated that 60 Gy in 15 fractions instead of 60 Gy in 20 fractions resulted in comparable clinical outcomes with excellent safety, direct cost saving, and improved convenience to the patients with tumors located at ≥ 1.5 cm from the esophagus. PMID:26987393

  11. Systematic review of surgical innovation reporting in laparoendoscopic colonic polyp resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Currie, A; Brigic, A; Blencowe, N S; Potter, S; Faiz, O D; Kennedy, R H; Blazeby, J M

    2015-01-01

    The IDEAL framework (Idea, Development, Exploration, Assessment, Long-term study) proposes a staged assessment of surgical innovation, but whether it can be used in practice is uncertain. This study aimed to review the reporting of a surgical innovation according to the IDEAL framework. Systematic literature searches identified articles reporting laparoendoscopic excision for benign colonic polyps. Using the IDEAL stage recommendations, data were collected on: patient selection, surgeon and unit expertise, description of the intervention and modifications, outcome reporting, and research governance. Studies were categorized by IDEAL stages: 0/1, simple technical preclinical/clinical reports; 2a, technique modifications with rationale and safety data; 2b, expanded patient selection and reporting of both innovation and standard care outcomes; 3, formal randomized controlled trials; and 4, long-term audit and registry studies. Each stage has specific requirements for reporting of surgeon expertise, governance details and outcome reporting. Of 615 abstracts screened, 16 papers reporting outcomes of 550 patients were included. Only two studies could be put into IDEAL categories. One animal study was classified as stage 0 and one clinical study as stage 2a through prospective ethical approval, protocol registration and data collection. Studies could not be classified according to IDEAL for insufficient reporting details of patient selection, relevant surgeon expertise, and how and why the technique was modified or adapted. The reporting of innovation in the context of laparoendoscopic colonic polyp excision would benefit from standardized methods. © 2015 BJS Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Prognostic analysis of patients with pancreatic head adenocarcinoma less than 2 cm undergoing resection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kun-Chun Chiang; Chun-Nan Yeh; Wei-Chen Lee; Yi-Yin Jan; Tsann-Long Hwang

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the differences in clinicopathological features between patients with pancreatic cancer greater or less than 2 cm situated over the pancreatic head and the prognostic factors for survival of patients with pancreatic cancer < 2 cm over the pancreatic head. METHODS: From 1983 to 2006, 159 patients with histologically proven pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC) at the pancreatic head undergoing curative resection at the Department of Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan were reviewed, comprising 123 cases of large (L)-PAC (tumor > 2 cm) and 36 cases of small (S)-PAC (tumor ≤ 2 cm). We compared the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of L-PAC and S-PAC patients. The clinicopathological characteristics of S-PAC were investigated to clarify the prognosis predictive factors of S-PAC. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-nine PAC patients, aged 16-93 years (median, 59.0 years) with a tumor at the pancreatic head undergoing intentional curative resection were investigated. The S-PAC and L-PAC patients had similar demographic data, clinical features, and tumor markers (a similar positive rate of carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen 19-9). There were also similar rates of lymph node metastasis, portal vein invasion, stage distribution, tumor differentiation, positive resection margin, surgical morbidity and mortality observed between the two groups. During a follow-up period ranging from 1.0 to 122.7 mo (median, 10.9 mo), S-PAC and L-PAC patients had a similar prognosis after resection (P = 0.4805). Among the S-PAC patients group, patients with higher albumin level (> 3.5 g/dL) had more favorable survival than those with lower albumin levels, which was the only favorable predictive prognostic factor. Meanwhile, early-staged (stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ) S-PAC patients tended to have a more favorable outcome than late-stage (stage Ⅲ, Ⅳ) S-PAC patients, but this was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: S-PAC patients

  13. Surgical hip dislocation according to Ganz for excision of osteochondromas in patients with multiple hereditary exostoses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sorel, J. C.; Façee Schaeffer, M.; Homan, A. S.; Scholtes, V. A B; Kempen, D. H R; Ham, S. J.

    2016-01-01

    Aims We report a prospective cohort study of the midterm results of surgical dislocation of the hip (according to Ganz) to perform resection of osteochondromas involving the femoral neck in patients with multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE). Methods Hip range of movement (ROM) was assessed pre-and po

  14. THE RESULTS OF SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH ADRENAL TUMORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Kostin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant adrenal tumors such as adrenocortical cancer (ACC and malignant pheochromocytoma (MPCC have a particularly aggressive course, leading to higher mortality in these patients, especially in the later stages of the disease. In this regard, there is a statistically significant difference in survival of patients, depending on the time of detection and initiation of treatment.Purpose. Analysis of the results of surgical treatment of patients with adrenal tumors.Patients and methods. 55 patients aged from 17 to 75 years (median 50 ± 13 years with primary tumor neoplasms of the adrenal gland underwent surgical treatment in the period from 1999 to 2014 in the Department of Onco-urology, P. Hertsen MORI. 18 adrenalectomy (32,7% completed laparoscopy, 36 (65,5% – open access, 1 (1,8% – videoassistance. Among them, retroperitoneal lymph node dissection with ipsilateral hand made in 14 (25.5%, combined operations with resection of adjacent organs – 7 (12,7%, thrombectomy with resection of the inferior Vena cava – 3 (5,5% cases. The median time was 100 ± 73 minutes in open surgical procedures – 183 ± 55 minutes, laparoscopic – 60 ± 30 minutes. The volume of blood loss – 300 ± 1136 ml. According to the routine morphological studies, 24 (43,6% patients the tumor were benign, the remaining 31 (56,4% – malignant.Results. Long-term results have been traced in 84% of patients in group with ACC. The observation time for patients varied from 2 to 167 months, with a median of 64.5 (IQR 22–111 months. Median survival without progression and 5-year overall and tumor survival was: I stage – 93 months and 67 ± 13%, II stage – 30 months and 75 ± 21%, III stage– 18 months and 67 ± 27%, IV stage – 10 months and 25 ± 21%. The observation time for patients with MPCC varies from 12 to 102 months, with a median of 60 (IQR 18–102 months. Median survival without progression was 26 (IQR 15 to 38 months, 5-year overall and tumor survival

  15. Increased Subventricular Zone Radiation Dose Correlates With Survival in Glioblastoma Patients After Gross Total Resection

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    Chen, Linda [Department of Neurosurgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Guerrero-Cazares, Hugo [Department of Neurosurgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Ye, Xiaobu [Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Ford, Eric [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (United States); McNutt, Todd; Kleinberg, Lawrence [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Lim, Michael; Chaichana, Kaisorn [Department of Neurosurgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Quinones-Hinojosa, Alfredo, E-mail: aquinon2@jhmi.edu [Department of Neurosurgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Redmond, Kristin, E-mail: kjanson3@jhmi.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States)

    2013-07-15

    Purpose: Neural progenitor cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) have a controversial role in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) as potential tumor-initiating cells. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between radiation dose to the SVZ and survival in GBM patients. Methods and Materials: The study included 116 patients with primary GBM treated at the Johns Hopkins Hospital between 2006 and 2009. All patients underwent surgical resection followed by adjuvant radiation therapy with intensity modulated radiation therapy (60 Gy/30 fractions) and concomitant temozolomide. Ipsilateral, contralateral, and bilateral SVZs were contoured on treatment plans by use of coregistered magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. Multivariate Cox regression was used to examine the relationship between mean SVZ dose and progression-free survival (PFS), as well as overall survival (OS). Age, Karnofsky Performance Status score, and extent of resection were used as covariates. The median age was 58 years (range, 29-80 years). Results: Of the patients, 12% underwent biopsy, 53% had subtotal resection (STR), and 35% had gross total resection (GTR). The Karnofsky Performance Status score was less than 90 in 54 patients and was 90 or greater in 62 patients. The median ipsilateral, contralateral, and bilateral mean SVZ doses were 48.7 Gy, 34.4 Gy, and 41.5 Gy, respectively. Among patients who underwent GTR, a mean ipsilateral SVZ dose of 40 Gy or greater was associated with a significantly improved PFS compared with patients who received less than 40 Gy (15.1 months vs 10.3 months; P=.028; hazard ratio, 0.385 [95% confidence interval, 0.165-0.901]) but not in patients undergoing STR or biopsy. The subgroup of GTR patients who received an ipsilateral dose of 40 Gy or greater also had a significantly improved OS (17.5 months vs 15.6 months; P=.027; hazard ratio, 0.385 [95% confidence interval, 0.165-0.895]). No association was found between SVZ radiation dose and PFS

  16. A New Surgical Technique of Pancreaticoduodenectomy with Splenic Artery Resection for Ductal Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreatic Head and/or Body Invading Splenic Artery: Impact of the Balance between Surgical Radicality and QOL to Avoid Total Pancreatectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryosuke Desaki

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available For pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC of the head and/or body invading the splenic artery (SA, we developed a new surgical technique of proximal subtotal pancreatectomy with splenic artery and vein resection, so-called pancreaticoduodenectomy with splenic artery resection (PD-SAR. We retrospectively reviewed a total of 84 patients with curative intent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD for PDAC of the head and/or body. These 84 patients were classified into the two groups: conventional PD (n=66 and PD-SAR (n=18. Most patients were treated by preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT. Postoperative MDCT clearly demonstrated enhancement of the remnant pancreas at 1 and 6 months in all patients examined. Overall survival rates were very similar between PD and PD-SAR (3-year OS: 23.7% versus 23.1%, P=0.538, despite the fact that the tumor size and the percentages of UICC-T4 determined before treatment were higher in PD-SAR. Total daily insulin dose was significantly higher in PD-SAR than in PD at 1 month, while showing no significant differences between the two groups thereafter. PD-SAR with preoperative CRT seems to be promising surgical strategy for PDAC of head and/or body with invasion of the splenic artery, in regard to the balance between operative radicality and postoperative QOL.

  17. Surgical treatment for early hepatocellular carcinoma: comparison of resection and liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jian; Wang, Zheng; Qiu, Shuang-Jian; Huang, Xiao-Wu; Sun, Jian; Gu, Wen; Fan, Jia

    2010-09-01

    The optimum strategy, hepatic resection (HR) or liver transplantation (LT), for treatment of early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with liver diseases of Child-Pugh A is far from established. The aim of this study was to compare and determine which strategy is optimal for HCC fulfilling the Milan criteria. Consecutive data were collected in 1,018 HCC patients treated with HR and 89 HCC patients listed for LT (1 drop out for HCC progression) between January of 2003 and December of 2007. The independent prognostic factors identified by multivariate analysis were tumor size-plus-number, microscopic venous invasion, and operation type (LT or HR). When tumor size-plus-number was HR group. When tumor size-plus-number was >4 or microscopic venous invasion was present, OS was higher in the LT group. Since the pathological microscopic venous invasion was not easily available before operation which is limitation for widespread clinical use, thus in practice, we concluded that, for early HCC associated with Child-Pugh A cirrhosis, when tumor size-plus-number is >4, LT provides the best cure; when it is HR remains the initial treatment of choice.

  18. Patient-Specific Resection Strategy of Glioblastoma Multiforme: Choice Based on a Preoperative Scoring Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Haihui; Cui, Yong; Liu, Xiang; Ren, Xiaohui; Lin, Song

    2017-07-01

    The real association between extent of resection and outcome in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains unclear. The goal of this study was to disclose the effect of gross total resection on survival and establish a scale used for surgical decision making. A retrospective review was undertaken of 416 patients who received operation for GBM from 2008 to 2015 in Beijing Tiantan Hospital. To reduce bias in patient selection, propensity score analysis was conducted and 99 pairs of matched GBMs were generated. Survival between different groups was compared using the Kaplan-Meier method, and independent predictors of survival were identified using the Cox proportional hazards model. Overall, the survival of patients undergoing GTR was significantly longer than those not undergoing GTR (12.0 vs. 9.0 months [p propensity model, the survival benefit of GTR remained significant, which has been further validated in the multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR] 0.613, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.454-0.827 [p = 0.001] for PFS, and HR 0.475, 95% CI 0.343-0.659 [p scale based on age, epilepsy, location, tumor size, and Karnofsky performance score, patients were stratified into low-, moderate-, and high-risk cohorts. The survival benefit of GTR could be observed in the low- and moderate-risk cohorts but not the high-risk cohort. GTR was an independent predictor of increased survival for patients with GBM. The risk scoring scale quantified the clinical significance of operation and helped us to project more personalized surgical strategies for individual patients.

  19. Seizure Outcomes in Patients With Surgically Treated Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von der Brelie, Christian; Simon, Matthias; Esche, Jonas; Schramm, Johannes; Boström, Azize

    2015-11-01

    Epilepsy is the second most common symptom in cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) patients. The consecutive reduction of life quality is a clinically underrated problem because treatment usually focuses on the prevention of intracerebral hemorrhage. To evaluate postoperative seizure outcome with the aim of more accurate counseling for postoperative seizure outcome. From 1985 to 2012, 293 patients with an AVM were surgically treated by J.S. One hundred twenty-six patients with preoperative seizures or epilepsy could be identified; 103 of 126 had a follow-up of at least 12 months and were included in the analysis. The different epilepsy subtypes were categorized (sporadic seizures, chronic epilepsy, drug-resistant epilepsy [DRE]). Preoperative workup and surgical technique were evaluated. Seizure outcome was analyzed by using International League Against Epilepsy classification. Sporadic seizures were identified in 41% of patients (chronic epilepsy and DRE were identified in 36% and 23%, respectively). Detailed preoperative epileptological workup was done in 13%. Seizure freedom was achieved in 77% (79% at 5 years, 84% at 10 years). Outcome was significantly poorer in DRE cases. More extensive resection was performed in 11 cases with longstanding symptoms (>24 months) and resulted in better seizure outcome as well as the short duration of preoperative seizure history. Patients presenting with AVM-associated epilepsy have a favorable seizure outcome after surgical treatment. Long-standing epilepsy and the progress into DRE markedly deteriorate the chances to obtain seizure freedom and should be considered an early factor in establishing the indication for AVM removal.

  20. Endoscopic Surgical Treatment of Lumbar Synovial Cyst: Detailed Account of Surgical Technique and Report of 11 Consecutive Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oertel, Joachim M; Burkhardt, Benedikt W

    2017-07-01

    Lumbar synovial cysts (LSCs) are an uncommon cause of radiculopathy and back pain. Open surgical treatment is associated with extensive bone resection and muscle trauma. The endoscopic tubular-assisted LSC resection has not been described in detail. Here the authors assessed the effectiveness of this technique for LSC resection. Eleven patients (4 female and 7 male patients) were operated on via an ipsilateral approach for resection of LSC using an endoscopic tubular retractor system. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging was evaluated for signs of degeneration and instability. At follow-up a standardized questionnaire including the Oswestry Disability Index and functional outcome according to MacNab criteria was conducted. Additionally, a personal examination with particular reference to back and leg pain was performed. The mean follow-up was 10.5 months. Preoperatively, spondylolisthesis grade 1 was noted in 4 patients (36.4%). Ten patients had bilateral facet joint effusion (90.9%). At follow-up 10 patients reported being free of leg pain (90.9%), eight patients reported no back pain (72.7%), ten patients had full motor strength (90.9%), and 9 patients had no sensory deficit (81.8%). Nine patients reported an excellent or a good clinical outcome (81.8%). The mean Oswestry Disability Index was 4.7%. None of the patients developed new mechanical low back pain or required subsequent fusion procedure. The endoscopic tubular-assisted procedure is a safe way to treat LSC. It offers complete resection of LSC and achieves good clinical outcome by preserving muscle and ligamentous and bony structures, which prevents delayed instability. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Relationship between patient complaints and surgical complications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murff, H J; France, D J; Blackford, J; Grogan, E L; Yu, C; Speroff, T; Pichert, J W; Hickson, G B

    2006-01-01

    Background Patient complaints are associated with increased malpractice risk but it is unclear if complaints might be associated with medical complications. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an association exists between patient complaints and surgical complications. Methods A retrospective analysis of 16 713 surgical admissions was conducted over a 54 month period at a single academic medical center. Surgical complications were identified using administrative data. The primary outcome measure was unsolicited patient complaints. Results During the study period 0.9% of surgical admissions were associated with a patient complaint. 19% of admissions associated with a patient complaint included a postoperative complication compared with 12.5% of admissions without a patient complaint (p = 0.01). After adjusting for surgical specialty, co‐morbid illnesses and length of stay, admissions with complications had an odds ratio of 1.74 (95% confidence interval 1.01 to 2.98) of being associated with a complaint compared with admissions without complications. Conclusions Admissions with surgical complications are more likely to be associated with a complaint than surgical admissions without complications. Further research is necessary to determine if patient complaints might serve as markers for poor clinical outcomes. PMID:16456204

  2. Quality of pharmaceutical care in surgical patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica de Boer

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Surgical patients are at risk for preventable adverse drug events (ADEs during hospitalization. Usually, preventable ADEs are measured as an outcome parameter of quality of pharmaceutical care. However, process measures such as QIs are more efficient to assess the quality of care and provide more information about potential quality improvements. OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of pharmaceutical care of medication-related processes in surgical wards with quality indicators, in order to detect targets for quality improvements. METHODS: For this observational cohort study, quality indicators were composed, validated, tested, and applied on a surgical cohort. Three surgical wards of an academic hospital in the Netherlands (Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam participated. Consecutive elective surgical patients with a hospital stay longer than 48 hours were included from April until June 2009. To assess the quality of pharmaceutical care, the set of quality indicators was applied to 252 medical records of surgical patients. RESULTS: Thirty-four quality indicators were composed and tested on acceptability and content- and face-validity. The selected 28 candidate quality indicators were tested for feasibility and 'sensitivity to change'. This resulted in a final set of 27 quality indicators, of which inter-rater agreements were calculated (kappa 0.92 for eligibility, 0.74 for pass-rate. The quality of pharmaceutical care was assessed in 252 surgical patients. Nearly half of the surgical patients passed the quality indicators for pharmaceutical care (overall pass rate 49.8%. Improvements should be predominantly targeted to medication care related processes in surgical patients with gastro-intestinal problems (domain pass rate 29.4%. CONCLUSIONS: This quality indicator set can be used to measure quality of pharmaceutical care and detect targets for quality improvements. With these results medication safety in surgical patients can be enhanced.

  3. [Post-recurrence survival after surgical resection of non-small cell lung cancer with local recurrence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokouchi, Hideoki; Miyazaki, Masaki; Miyamoto, Takeaki; Tsuji, Fumio; Ebisui, Chikara; Murata, Kohei

    2014-11-01

    We retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcomes of 192 consecutive patients with local recurrence after complete resection of non-small cell lung cancer NSCLC). The initial local recurrent site was the resection stump in 5 patients the chest wall in 3 patients, mediastinum in 1 patient, and diaphragm in 1 patient), and the hilar and/or mediastinal lymph node (HMLN) in 17 patients. The sites of distant metastasis were the lungs in 10 patients, pleura in 4 patients, brain in 7 patients, liver in 5 patients, bone in 4 patients, and other sites in 4 patients. Treatments after initial recurrence included surgery in 2 patients, radiotherapy in 5 patients, chemotherapy in 9 patients, and chemo-radiotherapy in 5 patients. Only 1 patient received supportive care. The response to radiotherapy was a complete response (R) in 1 patient, partial response (PR) in 5 patients, stable disease (SD )in 3 patients, and progressive disease (PD )in 1 patient. The best response of all lines of chemotherapy was CR in 3 patients, PR in 4 patients, SD in 3 patients, and PD in 4 patients. The median post-recurrence survival (PRS) time with local recurrence was better than that with distant metastasis (23 vs 14 months); however, the best PRS was obtained in patients with recurrence in the lungs (29 months). A CR for more than 2 years was obtained in 1 patient after surgery, in 1 patient after radiotherapy, and in 2 patients after chemotherapy. Although local recurrence of resected NSCLC can be potentially controlled by using local treatments - such as surgery and radiotherapy - or systemic chemotherapy, curative aggressive treatment should be considered when required.

  4. Radiofrequency ablation versus surgical resection for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma conforming to the Milan criteria: systemic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Hui-Ming; Zhang, Wei; Ai, Xi; Li, Kai-Yan; Deng, You-Bin

    2014-01-01

    Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a promising ablation technique and has become one of the best alternatives for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. But whether RFA or surgical resection (SR) is the better treatment for HCC conforming to the Milan criteria has long been debated. A meta-analysis of trials that compared RFA versus SR was conducted regarding the survival rate and recurrence rate. Pooled odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using fixed or random effects models. Nineteen studies, comprising 2 randomized controlled trials and 17 non-randomized controlled trials, were included with a total of 2895 patients. The 5 years overall survival rate for SR group was significantly higher than that for RFA group. In the SR group, the local recurrence rate was significantly lower when compared with the RFA group. This meta-analysis yielded no significant differences between laparoscopic RFA and SR in 5-year overall survival rate. In conclusion, surgical resection remains the better choice of treatment for HCC conforming to the Milan criteria, whereas RFA should be considered as an effective alternative treatment when surgery is not feasible. As for RFA technique, laparoscopic approach may be more effective than percutaneous approach for HCC conforming to Milan criteria.

  5. Prevalence of synchronous colorectal neoplasms in surgically treated gastric cancer patients and significance of screening colonoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Akira; Koide, Naohiko; Takeuchi, Daisuke; Okumura, Motohiro; Ishizone, Satoshi; Suga, Tomoaki; Miyagawa, Shinichi

    2014-05-01

    The existence of other primary tumors during the treatment and management of gastric cancer (GC) is an important issue. The present study investigated the prevalence and management of synchronous colorectal neoplasms (CRN) in surgically treated GC patients. Of 381 surgically treated GC patients, 332 (87.1%) underwent colonoscopy to detect CRN before surgery or within a year after surgery. CRN were synchronously observed in 140 patients (42.2%). Adenoma was observed in 131 patients (39.4%). Endoscopic resection was done in 18 patients with adenoma. Colorectal cancer (CRC) was observed in 16 patients (4.8%), superficial CRC in 13 and advanced CRC in three patients. Endoscopic resection of superficial CRC was carried out in seven patients, whereas simultaneous surgical resection of CRC was done in nine patients. CRN were more frequently observed in men. CRC was more frequently observed in GC patients with distant metastasis, albeit without significance. The overall survival of GC patients with CRN or CRC was poorer than that of patients without CRN or CRC. Synchronous CRN were commonly associated with GC and screening colonoscopy should be offered to patients with GC. © 2013 The Authors. Digestive Endoscopy © 2013 Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society.

  6. Role of {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT in the prediction of gastric cancer recurrence after curative surgical resection

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    Lee, Jeong Won [Jeju National University Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Jeju (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang Mi [Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Cheonan, Chungcheongnam-do (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Moon-Soo [Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Department of Surgery, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Hyeong Cheol [Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    The study evaluated the role of preoperative {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT in the prediction of recurrent gastric cancer after curative surgical resection. A total of 271 patients with gastric cancer who underwent {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT and subsequent curative surgical resection were enrolled. All patients underwent follow-up for cancer recurrence with a mean duration of 24 {+-} 12 months. {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT images were visually assessed and, in patients with positive {sup 18}F-FDG cancer uptake, the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV{sub max}) of cancer lesions was measured. {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT findings were tested as prognostic factors for cancer recurrence and compared with conventional prognostic factors. Furthermore, {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT findings were assessed as prognostic factors according to histopathological subtypes. Of 271 patients, 47 (17 %) had a recurrent event. Positive {sup 18}F-FDG cancer uptake was shown in 149 patients (55 %). Tumour size, depth of invasion, presence of lymph node metastasis, positive {sup 18}F-FDG uptake and SUV{sub max} were significantly associated with tumour recurrence in univariate analysis, while only depth of invasion, positive {sup 18}F-FDG uptake and SUV{sub max} had significance in multivariate analysis. The 24-month recurrence-free survival rate was significantly higher in patients with negative {sup 18}F-FDG uptake (95 %) than in those with positive {sup 18}F-FDG uptake (74 %; p < 0.0001). In subgroup analysis, {sup 18}F-FDG uptake was a significant prognostic factor in patients with tubular adenocarcinoma (p = 0.003) or poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (p = 0.0001). However, only marginal significance was shown in patients with signet-ring cell carcinoma and mucinous carcinoma (p = 0.05). {sup 18}F-FDG uptake of gastric cancer is an independent and significant prognostic factor for tumour recurrence. {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT could provide effective information on the

  7. Clinical evaluation of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in advanced lung cancer (T3 and T4) with surgical resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwasaki, Akinori; Shirakusa, Takayuki; Maekawa, Takafumi; Enatsu, Sotarou; Maekawa, Shinichi

    2005-01-01

    The systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is well known to occur in patients who have suffered organ damage or trauma, or undergone surgery. SIRS provides useful information in patients with morbidity after surgery. To date, there has been no report of SIRS after surgery in patients with lung cancer. Therefore, based on this new concept of the syndrome, we review here a series of T3 and T4 NSCLC patients who underwent extended resection at our hospital, and attempt to identify the value and correlation of SIRS in predicting the morbidity of such patients. We retrospectively reviewed the patients with NSCLC treated at our hospital between January 1994 and August 2003. Among these 720 patients, a curative approach was attempted in 144 with advanced stage (T3, 100; T4, 44) cancer. The patients were consequently divided into three groups (G1, negative or less than 3 days in SIRS following surgery; G2, less than 7 days; G3, continued over 7 days). Pre- or peri-operative factors were evaluated, and the 5-year survival rates were analyzed. Post-operative morbidity was also compared between the three groups in association with SIRS. Pre-operative counts of WBC were 8848.28+/-3879.21/microl in G3 compared with 7383.33+/-3132.98/microl in G2 and 6778.31+/-3184.89/microl in G1. Values in G3 were significantly higher than those in the other groups (PSIRS after lung surgery was associated with high levels in WBC and low %FEV1. Post-operative morbidity such as bronchial fistula or ARDS were more frequent in the G3 and G2 groups than in G1. The 1-year survival was as follows; G1, 75.4%; G2, 47.9%; G3, 38.1%. Overall 5-year survival rate for NSCLC with T3 and T4 was 32.2%, and the difference between G3 and the other groups in terms of survival was statistically significant (PSIRS have been associated with post-operative complications and survival in NSCLC. Surgical candidates should be carefully according to the predicting factor of SIRS.

  8. Sarcopenia Adversely Impacts Postoperative Complications Following Resection or Transplantation in Patients with Primary Liver Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valero, Vicente; Amini, Neda; Spolverato, Gaya; Weiss, Matthew J.; Hirose, Kenzo; Dagher, Nabil N.; Wolfgang, Christopher L.; Cameron, Andrew A.; Philosophe, Benjamin; Kamel, Ihab R.

    2015-01-01

    Background Sarcopenia is a surrogate marker of patient frailty that estimates the physiologic reserve of an individual patient. We sought to investigate the impact of sarcopenia on short- and long-term outcomes in patients having undergone surgical intervention for primary hepatic malignancies. Methods Ninety-six patients who underwent hepatic resection or liver transplantation for HCC or ICC at the John Hopkins Hospital between 2000 and 2013 met inclusion criteria. Sarcopenia was assessed by the measurement of total psoas major volume (TPV) and total psoas area (TPA). The impact of sarcopenia on perioperative complications and survival was assessed. Results Mean age was 61.9 years and most patients were men (61.4 %). Mean adjusted TPV was lower in women (23.3 cm3/m) versus men (34.9 cm3/m) (Psarcopenia. The incidence of a postoperative complication was 40.4 % among patients with sarcopenia versus 18.4 % among patients who did not have sarcopenia (P=0.01). Of note, all Clavien grade ≥3 complications (n=11, 23.4 %) occurred in the sarcopenic group. On multivariable analysis, the presence of sarcopenia was an independent predictive factor of postoperative complications (OR=3.06). Sarcopenia was not associated with long-term survival (HR=1.23; P=0.51). Conclusions Sarcopenia, as assessed by TPV, was an independent factor predictive of postoperative complications following surgical intervention for primary hepatic malignancies. PMID:25389056

  9. [Discontinued oral ciprofloxacin for transurethral resection of the prostate in patients with sterile urine without preoperative bladder catheter].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdevenito Sepúlveda, Juan Pablo; Hernández, Enrique

    2007-12-01

    To describe the rate of infectious complications using discontinuous oral ciprofloxacin in transurethral resection of the prostate. To weigh up the influence of clinical background, surgical complications and postoperative outcome on the development of such complications. To compare the results to those obtained will equal methodology using antibiotics until catheter removal. A prospective open study was designed including 105 consecutive patients with sterile urine and without indwelling catheter subjected to transurethral resection of the prostate. Patients received oral ciprofloxacin 500 mg (4 doses) on call to the surgical room, the night of the surgery, next morning of surgery and before catheter removal. One hundred patients are analyzed. Fever was present in 10% patients (axillary temperature equal or over 37.5 degrees C). Systemic clinical infection was present in 3% patients (axillary temperature over 38 degrees C and C-reactive protein over 40 mg/l). No isolated postoperative bacteriuria was present (colony count > 10(5) CFU/ ml). Active chronic prostatitis was statistically asociated to fever (p= 0,018) and to systemic clinical infection (p= 0,016). Previous urinary tract infection antecedent was statistically associated to active chronic prostatitis on histopathology (p= 0,049). This study shows some clinical evidence supporting that previous urinary tract infection antecedent is a risk factor of infectious complications after transurethral resection of the prostate and that prostate bearing microorganisms may be responsible for some of them in this kind of patients. An antibiotic dose before catheter removal seem to reduce postoperative bacteriuria.

  10. Laparoscopic assisted central pancreatectomy with pancreaticogastrostomy reconstruction - An alternative surgical technique for central pancreatic mass resection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iswanto Sucandy

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Context: Central pancreatectomy has gained popularity in the past decade as treatment of choice for low malignant potential tumor in the midpancreas due to its ability to achieve optimal preservation of pancreatic parenchyma. Simultaneously, advancement in minimally invasive approach has contributed to numerous novel surgical techniques with significantly lower morbidity and mortality. With the purpose of improving patient outcomes, we describe a laparoscopic assisted central pancreatectomy with pancreaticogastrostomy as an alternative method to the previously described open central pancreatectomy with roux-en-y pancreaticojejunostomy reconstruction. Case Report: A 39 year old man presented to our clinic with a 2.5 cm neuroendocrine tumor at the neck of the pancreas. Laparoscopic assisted central pancreatectomy with pancreaticogastrostomy reconstruction was successfully performed. Operative time was 210 minutes with blood loss of 200 ml. Postoperative course was uneventful except for a minimal pancreatic leak which was controlled by an intraoperatively placed closed suction drain. At 2 week follow up, patient was asymptomatic with well preserved pancreatic endo and exocrine functions. Permanent pathology findings showed a well differentiated neuroendocrine tumor with negative margins and nodes. Conclusions: Laparoscopic assisted central pancreatectomy with pancreaticogastrostomy reconstruction is feasible and safe for a centrally located tumor. Laparoscopic assisted technique facilitates application of minimally invasive approach by increasing surgical feasibility in typically complex pancreatic operations.

  11. Laparoscopic assisted central pancreatectomy with pancreaticogastrostomy reconstruction - An alternative surgical technique for central pancreatic mass resection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iswanto Sucandy

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Central pancreatectomy has gained popularity in the past decade as treatment of choice for low malignant potential tumor in the midpancreas due to its ability to achieve optimal preservation of pancreatic parenchyma. Simultaneously, advancement in minimally invasive approach has contributed to numerous novel surgical techniques with significantly lower morbidity and mortality. With the purpose of improving patient outcomes, we describe a laparoscopic assisted central pancreatectomy with pancreaticogastrostomy as an alternative method to the previously described open central pancreatectomy with roux-en-y pancreaticojejunostomy reconstruction. Case Report: A 39 year old man presented to our clinic with a 2.5 cm neuroendocrine tumor at the neck of the pancreas. Laparoscopic assisted central pancreatectomy with pancreaticogastrostomy reconstruction was successfully performed. Operative time was 210 minutes with blood loss of 200 ml. Postoperative course was uneventful except for a minimal pancreatic leak which was controlled by an intraoperatively placed closed suction drain. At 2 week follow up, patient was asymptomatic with well preserved pancreatic endo and exocrine functions. Permanent pathology findings showed a well differentiated neuroendocrine tumor with negative margins and nodes. Conclusions: Laparoscopic assisted central pancreatectomy with pancreaticogastrostomy reconstruction is feasible and safe for a centrally located tumor. Laparoscopic assisted technique facilitates application of minimally invasive approach by increasing surgical feasibility in typically complex pancreatic operations.

  12. Prognostic significance of the combined score of endothelial expression of nucleolin and CD31 in surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongyun Zhao

    Full Text Available Nucleolin is implicated to play a role in angiogenesis, a vital process in tumor growth and metastasis. However, the presence and clinical relevance of nucleolin in human non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC remains largely unknown. In this study, we explored the expression and prognostic implication of nucleolin in surgically resected NSCLC patients. A cohort of 146 NSCLC patients who underwent surgical resection was selected for tissue microarray. In this tissue microarray, nucleolin expression was measured by immunofluorescence. Staining for CD31, a marker of endothelial cells, was performed to mark blood vessels. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the prognostic significance of nucleolin. Nucleolin expression was observed in 34.2% of all patients, and 64.1% in high CD31 expression patients. The disease-free survival (DFS was significantly shorter in patients with high nucleolin (CD31(hiNCL(hi compared to patients with low tumor blood vessels (CD31(loNCL(lo (5 ys of DFS 24% vs 64%, p = 0.002. Such a difference was demonstrated in the following stratified analyses: stage I (p<0.001, squamous cell carcinoma and adenosquamous cell carcinoma (p = 0.028, small tumor (<5 cm, p = 0.008, and surgery alone (p = 0.015. Multivariate analysis further revealed that nucleolin expression independently predicted for worse survival (p = 0.003. This study demonstrates that nucleolin is associated with the clinical outcomes in postoperative NSCLC patients. Thus, the expression levels of nucleolin may provide a new prognostic marker to identify patients at higher risk for treatment failure, especially in some subgroups.

  13. Reduced Circumferential Resection Margin Involvement in Rectal Cancer Surgery: Results of the Dutch Surgical Colorectal Audit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gietelink, L.; Wouters, M.W.; Tanis, P.J.; Deken, M.M.; Berge, M.G. Ten; Tollenaar, R.A.; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van; Noo, M.E. de

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The circumferential resection margin (CRM) is a significant prognostic factor for local recurrence, distant metastasis, and survival after rectal cancer surgery. Therefore, availability of this parameter is essential. Although the Dutch total mesorectal excision trial raised awareness ab

  14. [Major intestinal resections and short-bowel syndrome in patients with the acute mesenterial thrombosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khripun, A I; Shurygin, S N; Priamikov, A D; Mironkov, A B; Urvantseva, O M; Movsesiants, M Iu; Izvekov, A A; Abashin, M V

    2012-01-01

    The study represents the retrospective analysis of major intestinal resections (the length of the left in olace bowel less then 200 sm) and non-major resections in 52 patients operated on the acute mesenterial thrombosis. Major bowel resection was performed in 30 patients (57.7%). 66.7% of those patients (20 of 30) died soon after the operation. Whereas lethality rate among patients with non-major resections was 54.5% (12 of 22). All 10 survived patients demonstrated the short-bowel syndrome during the follow-up period (the median follow-up time was 25 months).

  15. Surgical resection of a huge cemento-ossifying fibroma in skull base by intraoral approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Xiao-Bing; Li, Yun-Peng; Lei, De-Lin; Li, Xiao-Dong; Tian, Lei

    2011-03-01

    Cemento-ossifying fibroma, also known as ossifying fibroma, usually occurs in the mandible and less commonly in the maxilla. The huge example in the skull base is even rare. We present a case of a huge cemento-ossifying fibroma arising below the skull base of a 30-year-old woman patient. Radiologic investigations showed a giant, lobulated, heterogeneous calcified hard tissue mass, which is well circumscribed and is a mixture of radiolucent and radiopaque, situated at the rear of the right maxilla to the middle skull base. The tumor expands into the right maxillary sinus and the orbital cavity, fusing with the right maxilla at the maxillary tuberosity and blocking the bilateral choanas, which caused marked proptosis and blurred vision. The tumor was resected successfully by intraoral approach, and pathologic examination confirmed the lesion to be a cemento-ossifying fibroma. This case demonstrates that cemento-ossifying fibroma in the maxilla, not like in the mandible, may appear more aggressive because the extensive growth is unimpeded by anatomic obstacles and that the intraoral approach can be used to excise the tumor in the skull base.

  16. [A surgically resected case of AFP and PIVKA-II producing gastric cancer with hepatic metastasis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomono, Ayako; Wakahara, Tomoyuki; Kanemitsu, Kiyonori; Toyokawa, Akihiro; Teramura, Kazuhiro; Iwasaki, Takeshi

    2013-05-01

    A 78-year-old man was admitted for workup for a liver tumor. Both serum AFP and PIVKA-II levels were high (2260ng/ml and 806mAU/ml, respectively). Contrast-enhanced CT scan and MRI using Gd-EOB-DTPA demonstrated a liver tumor in segment 6 resembling the imaging patterns of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), while the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a type 2 gastric cancer in the gastric antrum. Although the liver metastasis of the gastric cancer was undeniable, we performed partial resection of segment 6 of the liver and distal gastrectomy under a preoperative diagnosis of double cancer. Histopathologically, gastric tumor consisted of two components, such as well differentiated adenocarcinoma and hepatoid adenocarcinoma. The histology of the liver tumor was similar to that of the hepatoid component in the stomach lesion. Immunohistochemical staining revealed both the gastric and the liver tumors to be positive for AFP and PIVKA-II, yielding a definite diagnosis of AFP and PIVKA-II producing gastric cancer with liver metastasis. Because many cases of this disease have liver metastases at presentation with confusing images with HCC, the diagnosis of liver tumors should be carefully differentiated in the gastric cancer patients with liver tumors, high serum AFP and PIVKA-II levels.

  17. Surgical planning for resection of an ameloblastoma and reconstruction of the mandible using a selective laser sintering 3D biomodel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sannomiya, Eduardo Kazuo; Silva, Jorge Vicente L; Brito, Antonio Albuquerque; Saez, Daniel Martinez; Angelieri, Fernanda; Dalben, Gisele da Silva

    2008-07-01

    Ameloblastoma is a benign locally aggressive infiltrative odontogenic lesion. It is characterized by slow growth and painless swelling. The treatment for ameloblastoma varies from curettage to en bloc resection, and the reported recurrence rates after treatment are high; the safety margin of resection is important to avoid recurrence. Advances in technology brought about great benefits in dentistry; a new generation of computed tomography scanners and 3-dimensional images enhance the surgical planning and management of maxillofacial tumors. The development of new prototyping systems provides accurate 3D biomodels on which surgery can be simulated, especially in cases of ameloblastoma, in which the safety margin is important for treatment success. A case of mandibular follicular ameloblastoma is reported where a 3D biomodel was used before and during surgery.

  18. Perfecting patient flow in the surgical setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amato-Vealey, Elaine J; Fountain, Patricia; Coppola, Deborah

    2012-07-01

    Reduced surgical efficiency and productivity, delayed patient discharges, and prolonged use of hospital resources are the results of an OR that is unable to move patients to the postanesthesia care unit or other patient units. A primary reason for perioperative patient flow delay is the lack of hospital beds to accommodate surgical patients, which consequently causes backups of patients currently in the surgical suite. In one facility, implementing Six Sigma methodology helped to improve OR patient flow by identifying ways that frontline staff members could work more intelligently and more efficiently, and with less stress to streamline workflow and eliminate redundancy and waste in ways that did not necessitate reducing the number of employees. The results were improved employee morale, job satisfaction and safety, and an enhanced patient experience.

  19. Prognostic Factors of Survival after Recurrence in Patients with Resected Lung Adenocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Jung-Jyh; Yeh, Yi-Chen; Jeng, Wen-Juei; Chien, Hong-Che; Wu, Yu-Chung; Chou, Teh-Ying; Hsu, Wen-Hu

    2015-09-01

    Recurrence after surgical resection is the most common cause of treatment failure in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. The aim of the study is to investigate the prognostic factors of postrecurrence survival (PRS) in patients of resected lung adenocarcinoma. The clinicopathological characteristics of 179 patients with recurrence after complete resection of lung adenocarcinoma at Taipei Veterans General Hospital between 2004 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. The prognostic and predictive effects of these clinicopathological variables in PRS were analyzed. The pattern of recurrence included local only in 25 (15.4%), distant only in 56 (34.6%), and both local and distant in 81 (50.0%) of patients. The 2-year and 5-year PRS were 65.2% and 29.8%, respectively. The most common organ sites of metastasis were the contralateral lung (39.1%), followed by the brain (33.5%) and the bone (31.3%). Multivariate analysis revealed that micropapillary/solid predominant pattern group (versus acinar/papillary; hazard ratio = 2.615; 95% confidence interval: 1.395-4.901; p = 0.003) and no treatment for recurrence (p recurrence, micropapillary/solid predominant pattern group (versus acinar/papillary; hazard ratio = 2.570; 95% confidence interval: 1.357-4.865; p = 0.004) was a significant predictive factor of worse PRS. Treatment for recurrence with surgery (p = 0.067) tended to be a significant predictive factor of better PRS. In lung adenocarcinoma, micropapillary/solid predominant pattern group (versus acinar/papillary) was a significant poor prognostic factor for PRS.

  20. Management of cannabis-induced periodontitis via resective surgical therapy: A clinical report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momen-Heravi, Fatemeh; Kang, Philip

    2017-03-01

    There is a lack of clinical research on the potential effect of cannabis use on the periodontium as well as its effect on treatment outcomes. The aim of this case report is to illustrate the clinical presentation of periodontal disease in a young woman who was a chronic cannabis user, as well as successful treatment involving motivating the patient to quit cannabis use and undergo nonsurgical and surgical therapy. A 23-year-old woman sought care at the dental clinic for periodontal treatment. During a review of her medical history, the patient reported using cannabis frequently during a 3-year period, which coincided with the occurrence of gingival inflammation. She used cannabis in the form of cigarettes that were placed at the mandibular anterior region of her mouth for prolonged periods. Localized prominent papillary and marginal gingival enlargement of the anterior mandible were present. The mandibular anterior teeth showed localized severe chronic periodontitis. The clinicians informed the patient about the potentially detrimental consequences of continued cannabis use; she was encouraged to quit, which she did. The clinicians performed nonsurgical therapy (scaling and root planing) and osseous surgery. The treatment outcome was evaluated over 6 months; improved radiographic and clinical results were observed throughout the follow-up period. Substantial availability and usage of cannabis, specifically among young adults, requires dentists to be vigilant about clinical indications of cannabis use and to provide appropriate treatments. Behavioral modification, nonsurgical therapy, and surgical therapy offer the potential for successful management of cannabis-related periodontitis. Copyright © 2017 American Dental Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Improved patient selection by stratified surgical intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Miao; Bünger, Cody E; Li, Haisheng

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Choosing the best surgical treatment for patients with spinal metastases remains a significant challenge for spine surgeons. There is currently no gold standard for surgical treatments. The Aarhus Spinal Metastases Algorithm (ASMA) was established to help surgeons choose...... of the spinal metastases. This algorithm could help spine surgeons to discriminate the risks of surgeries. The ASMA provides a tool to guild surgeons to evaluate the spinal metastases patients, select potential optimal surgery, and avoid life-threatening risks....

  2. Early and long-term results of combined cardiac surgery and neoplastic resection in patients with concomitant severe heart disease and neoplasms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FU Qiang; LI Quan-zheng; LIANG De-gang; RUAN Xin-hua; WANG Zan-xin; WEI Min-xin

    2011-01-01

    Background It is a surgical dilemma when patients present with both severe heart disease and neoplasms. The best surgical treatment remains controversial. This study aimed to analyze the early and long-term results of simultaneous surgical treatment of severe heart disease and neoplasms.Methods We reviewed the clinical records of 15 patients who underwent simultaneous neoplastic resection and cardiac surgery between September 2006 and January 2011. There were 5 male and 10 female patients. The mean age was (59.2±12.5) years and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction was (57.4±11.0)%. All patients were followed up completely for a period of 12 to 51 months (mean, (33.1±11.2) months).Results Fifteen patients underwent simultaneous cardiac surgery and neoplastic resection. Cardiac procedures consisted of off pump coronary artery bypass grafting (n=7), aortic valve replacement (n=3), mitral valve replacement (n=3), mitral valve replacement with coronary artery bypass grafting (n=1) and left atrial myxoma resection (n=1). Neoplastic resection consisted of lung cancer resection (n=5). colonic cancer resection (n=3), gallbladder resection (n=1), colonic cancer resection with gallbladder resection (n=1), hysterectomy (n=2), hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (n=2) and left ovariectomy (n=1). Pathological examination confirmed malignant disease in 10 patients and benign disease in 5 patients. There were no perioperative myocardial infarctions, stroke, pericardial tamponade, renal failure or hospital deaths. The most frequent complications were atrial fibrillation (33.3%), pneumonia (26.7%), low cardiac output syndrome (6.7%) and delayed healing of surgical wounds (6.7%). There was 1 late death 42 months after surgery for recurrent malignant disease. At 1 and 3 years, survival rates were 100% (Kaplan-Meier method).Conclusions Simultaneous cardiac surgery and neoplastic resection was not associated with increased early or late morbidity or mortality

  3. The pri-let-7a-2 rs1143770C>T is associated with prognosis of surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Kyung Min; Jung, Deuk Kju; Hong, Mi Jeong; Kang, Hyo Jung; Lee, Won Kee; Yoo, Seung Soo; Lee, Shin Yup; Cha, Seung Ick; Lee, Jaehee; Kim, Chang Ho; Seok, Yangki; Cho, Sukki; Son, Ji Woong; Lee, Eung Bae; Jheon, Sanghoon; Kim, Young Tae; Park, Jae Yong

    2016-02-15

    Evidence indicates that let-7 of microRNA may be a prognostic factor in lung cancer. Genetic variation in microRNA precursors could influence the processing and expression of microRNAs, which could affect the prognosis of lung cancer. We aimed to investigate the impact of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of pri-let-7 on the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 761 patients with surgically resected NSCLC were included. Four SNPs (pri-let-7a-2 rs1143770 and rs629367, pri-let-7a-1 rs10739971, and pri-let-7f-2 rs17276588) were genotyped using sequenom mass spectrometry-based genotyping assay. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model. Of the 4 SNPs evaluated, the rs1143770C>T was found to be significantly associated with OS and DFS. The rs1143770 CT or TT genotype exhibited a significantly better OS and DFS compared with the rs1143770 CC genotype (adjusted hazard ratio for OS=0.67, confidence interval, 0.49-0.91, P=0.01 and adjusted hazard ratio for DFS=0.74, confidence interval, 0.58-0.95, P=0.02). This observation indicates that pri-let-7a-2 rs1143770C>T may have a prognostic impact on surgically resected NSCLC. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Impact of sarcopenia on outcome in patients with esophageal resection following neoadjuvant chemotherapy for esophageal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paireder, M; Asari, R; Kristo, I; Rieder, E; Tamandl, D; Ba-Ssalamah, A; Schoppmann, S F

    2017-02-01

    Nutritional status and body composition parameters such as sarcopenia are important risk factors for impaired outcome in patients with esophageal cancer. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of sarcopenia on long-term outcome after esophageal resection following neoadjuvant treatment. Skeletal muscle index (SMI) and body composition parameters were measured in patients receiving neoadjuvant treatment for locally advanced esophageal cancer. Endpoints included relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). The study included 130 patients. Sarcopenia was found in 80 patients (61.5%). Patients with squamous-cell cancer (SCC) showed a decreased median SMI of 48 (range 28.4-60.8) cm/m(2) compared with that of patients with adenocarcinoma (AC) of 52 (range 34.4-74.2) cm/m(2), P sarcopenia had a significant impact on patient outcome: HR 1.69 (1.04-2.75), P = 0.036. Median OS was 20.5 (7.36-33.64) versus 52.1 (13.55-90.65) months in sarcopenic and non-sarcopenic patients, respectively. Sarcopenia was identified as an independent risk factor: HR 1.72 (1.049-2.83), P = 0.032. Our data provide evidence that sarcopenia impacts long-term outcome after esophageal resection in patients who have undergone neoadjuvant therapy. Assessment of the body composition parameter can be a reasonable part of patient selection and may influence treatment methods. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd, BASO ~ The Association for Cancer Surgery, and the European Society of Surgical Oncology. All rights reserved.

  5. Successful treatment of primary advanced gastric plasmacytoma using a combination of surgical resection and chemotherapy with bortezomib: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sotaro Fukuhara

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: This is the first reported case of advanced gastric plasmacytoma using adjuvant chemotherapy involving bortezomib and auto-PBSCT after the resection, and the patient has maintained a good course over a year. This protocol could be a new way to treat these tumors.

  6. The impact of anaemia, leukocytosis and thrombocytosis on survival in patients with lung cancer resection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana N. Adžić

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARY.Intro duction: Previous studies have reported that preoperativeleukocytosis, anaemia and thrombocytosis are related to the prognosisof non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC. The aim of this study was todetermine impact of these haematological parameters in patients ofdifferent ages with NSCLC. Materia l and methods: Among 2,050patients who underwent lung resection for NSCLC in the 5-year period2002-2007, 200 were reviewed, of whom 93 were aged above 70 years.Results: The frequency of preoperative leukocytosis, anaemia andthrombocytosis was 21% (42/200, 32.5% (65/200, 16.5% (33/200,respectively. The 5-year survival of the patients with and withoutleukocytosis, anaemia and thrombocytosis was 26.5% vs 27.4%, 28.9%vs 27.2% and 31.7% vs 26.6%, respectively. No significant differencewas observed in the 5-year survival according to either the presenceor absence of preoperative leukocytosis, anaemia and thrombocytosis,or the age group, <70 years and ≥70 years. Significant differencewas found in the haemoglobin (Hb level between the differentage groups, 3 (p=0.0025, 6 (p<0.001 and 12 (p=0.033 monthspostoperatively. Leukocytosis, anaemia and thrombocytosis werefrequently found in earlier stages of NSCLC and in connection withextended types of surgical resection. Co nclusions: Preoperativeanaemia, leukocytosis and thrombocytosis are not related with patientsurvival after lung resection for NSCLC, although the measurementis inexpensive and routinely used. An abnormal blood cell count inpatients with cancer is not always a tumour-related phenomenon.Pneumon 2011, 24(1:354-358.

  7. Establishment and validation of a prognostic nomogram for patients with resectable perihilar cholangiocarcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wei; Liu, Xin; Li, Mian; Duan, Xiaohua; Yi, Bin; Wang, Jinghan; Liu, Chen; Luo, Xiangji; Li, Xiaoguang; Li, Jingquan; Liang, Lijian; Yin, Xiaoyu; Wang, Hui; Jiang, Xiaoqing

    2016-01-01

    As the conventional staging systems have poor prognosis prediction ability for patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA), we established and validated an effective prognostic nomogram for pCCA patients based on their personal and tumor characteristics. A total of 235 patients who received curative intent resections at the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital from 2000 to 2009 were recruited as the primary training cohort. Age, preoperative CA19-9 levels, portal vein involvement, hepatic artery invasion, lymph node metastases, and surgical treatment outcomes (R0 or R1/2) were independent prognostic factors for pCCA patients in the primary cohort as suggested by the multivariate analyses and these were included in the established nomogram. The calibration curve showed good agreement between overall survival probability of pCCA patients for the nomogram predictions and the actual observations and the concordance index (C-index) was 0.68 (95% CI, 0.61-0.71). The C-index values and time-dependent ROC tests suggested that the nomogram is superior to the conventional staging systems including the Bismuth-Corlette, Gazzaniga, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM 7th edition, and Mayo Clinic. The nomogram also performed better than the traditional staging system in the internal cohort with 93 pCCA patients from the same institution and an external validation cohort including 84 pCCA patients from another institution in predicting the overall survival of the pCCA patients as suggested by the C-index values and the time-dependent ROC tests. In summary, the proposed nomogram has superior predictive accuracy of prognosis for resectable pCCA patients. PMID:27144432

  8. Skull reconstruction after resection of bone tumors in a single surgical time by the association of the techniques of rapid prototyping and surgical navigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anchieta, M V M; Salles, F A; Cassaro, B D; Quaresma, M M; Santos, B F O

    2016-10-01

    Presentation of a new cranioplasty technique employing a combination of two technologies: rapid prototyping and surgical navigation. This technique allows the reconstruction of the skull cap after the resection of a bone tumor in a single surgical time. The neurosurgeon plans the craniotomy previously on the EximiusMed software, compatible with the Eximius Surgical Navigator, both from the company Artis Tecnologia (Brazil). The navigator imports the planning and guides the surgeon during the craniotomy. The simulation of the bone fault allows the virtual reconstruction of the skull cap and the production of a personalized modelling mold using the Magics-Materialise (Belgium)-software. The mold and a replica of the bone fault are made by rapid prototyping by the company Artis Tecnologia (Brazil) and shipped under sterile conditions to the surgical center. The PMMA prosthesis is produced during the surgical act with the help of a hand press. The total time necessary for the planning and production of the modelling mold is four days. The precision of the mold is submillimetric and accurately reproduces the virtual reconstruction of the prosthesis. The production of the prosthesis during surgery takes until twenty minutes depending on the type of PMMA used. The modelling mold avoids contraction and dissipates the heat generated by the material's exothermic reaction in the polymerization phase. The craniectomy is performed with precision over the drawing made with the help of the Eximius Surgical Navigator, according to the planned measurements. The replica of the bone fault serves to evaluate the adaptation of the prosthesis as a support for the perforations and the placement of screws and fixation plates, as per the surgeon's discretion. This technique allows the adequate oncologic treatment associated with a satisfactory aesthetic result, with precision, in a single surgical time, reducing time and costs.

  9. A Risk Model to Predict 90-Day Mortality among Patients Undergoing Hepatic Resection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyder, Omar; Pulitano, Carlo; Firoozmand, Amin; Dodson, Rebecca; Wolfgang, Christopher L; Choti, Michael A; Aldrighetti, Luca; Pawlik, Timothy M

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND Reliable criteria to predict mortality after hepatectomy remain poorly defined. We sought to identify factors associated with 90-day mortality, as well as validate the “50-50” and peak bilirubin of >7 mg/dL prediction rules for mortality after liver resection. In addition, we propose a novel integer-based score for 90-day mortality using a large cohort of patients. STUDY DESIGN Data from 2,056 patients who underwent liver resection at 2 major hepatobiliary centers between 1990 and 2011 were identified. Perioperative laboratory data, as well as surgical and postoperative details, were analyzed to identify factors associated with liver-related 90-day death. RESULTS Indications for liver resection included colorectal metastasis (39%), hepatocellular carcinoma (19%), benign mass (17%), or noncolorectal metastasis (14%). Most patients had normal underlying liver parenchyma (71%) and resection involved ≥3 segments (36%). Overall morbidity and mortality were 19% and 2%, respectively. Only 1 patient fulfilled the 50-50 criteria; this patient survived and was discharged on day 8. Twenty patients had a peak bilirubin concentration >7 mg/dL and 5 died within 90 days; the sensitivity and spec-ificity of the >7-mg/dL rule were 25% and 99.3%, respectively, but overall accuracy was poor (area under the curve 0.574). Factors associated with 90-day mortality included international normalized ratio (odds ratio = 11.87), bilirubin (odds ratio = 1.16), and serum creatinine (odds ratio = 1.87) on postoperative day 3, as well as grade of postoperative complications (odds ratio = 5.08; all p sensitivity and specificity of 83.3% and 98.8%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The 50-50 and bilirubin >7-mg/dL rules were not accurate in predicting 90-day mortality. Rather, a composite integer-based risk score based on postoperative day 3 international normalized ratio, bilirubin, creatinine, and complication grade more accurately predicted 90-day mortality after hepatectomy. PMID

  10. Three-dimensional endoscope-assisted surgical approach to the foramen magnum and craniovertebral junction: minimizing bone resection with the aid of the endoscope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anichini, Giulio; Evins, Alexander I; Boeris, Davide; Stieg, Philip E; Bernardo, Antonio

    2014-12-01

    To evaluate objectively the anatomic areas of the cranial base exposed by a three-dimensional (3D) endoscope-assisted far lateral approach. A series of far lateral approaches with only condyle resection, with only jugular tubercle resection, with both partial condyle and total jugular tubercle resection, and without occipital condyle and jugular tubercle resection were performed on 10 cadaveric heads (20 sides). To assess properly the exposure of major anatomic and neurovascular structures, the intradural anatomy of the exposed craniocervical junction was divided into 8 compartments, including 3 superior cranial compartments, 3 inferior cranial compartments, and 2 spinal compartments. The anteromedial compartments toward the midline were difficult to explore using the microscope and required the aid of the endoscope. The 3D endoscope provided general circumferential visualization of the anatomic structures, even without resection of the jugular tubercle, and afforded good visualization of the more lateral compartments. Safe and optimal surgical corridors for insertion of the endoscope were also identified. Use of a 3D endoscope allows for minimal resection of the condyle and jugular tubercle, better visualization of the surgical compartments toward the midline, and better in-depth surgical exploration of each intradural compartment. However, the 3D probe is still too large and restricts surgical maneuverability. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Meta-analysis of elective surgical complications related to defunctioning loop ileostomy compared with loop colostomy after low anterior resection for rectal carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Hong Zhi; Nasier, Dilidan; Liu, Bing; Gao, Hua; Xu, Yi Ke

    2015-10-01

    Introduction Defunctioning loop ileostomy (LI) and loop colostomy (LC) are used widely to protect/treat anastomotic leakage after colorectal surgery. However, it is not known which surgical approach has a lower prevalence of surgical complications after low anterior resection for rectal carcinoma (LARRC). Methods We conducted a literature search of PubMed, MEDLINE, Ovid, Embase and Cochrane databases to identify studies published between 1966 and 2013 focusing on elective surgical complications related to defunctioning LI and LC undertaken to protect a distal rectal anastomosis after LARRC. Results Five studies (two randomized controlled trials, one prospective non-randomized trial, and two retrospective trials) satisfied the inclusion criteria. Outcomes of 1,025 patients (652 LI and 373 LC) were analyzed. After the construction of a LI or LC, there was a significantly lower prevalence of sepsis (p=0.04), prolapse (p=0.03), and parastomal hernia (p=0.02) in LI patients than in LC patients. Also, the prevalence of overall complications was significantly lower in those who received LIs compared with those who received LCs (p<0.0001). After closure of defunctioning loops, there were significantly fewer wound infections (p=0.006) and incisional hernias (p=0.007) in LI patients than in LC patients, but there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of overall complications. Conclusions The results of this meta-analysis show that a defunctioning LI may be superior to LC with respect to a lower prevalence of surgical complications after LARRC.

  12. Resection of Perihilar Cholangiocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartog, Hermien; Ijzermans, Jan N M; van Gulik, Thomas M; Groot Koerkamp, Bas

    2016-04-01

    Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma presents at the biliary and vascular junction of the hepatic hilum with a tendency to extend longitudinally into segmental bile ducts. Most patients show metastatic or unresectable disease at time of presentation or surgical exploration. In patients eligible for surgical resection, challenges are to achieve negative bile duct margins, adequate liver remnant function, and adequate portal and arterial inflow to the liver remnant. Surgical treatment is characterized by high rates of postoperative morbidity and mortality. This article reviews the various strategies and techniques, the role of staging laparoscopy, intraoperative frozen section, caudate lobectomy, and vascular reconstruction.

  13. Quality of survival in patients treated for malignant biliar y obstruction caused by unresectable pancreatic head cancer:surgical versus non-surgical palliation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hyung Ook Kim; Sang Il Hwang; Hungdai Kim; Jun Ho Shin

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Appropriate palliation for unresectable pancreatic head cancer is most important. This study was undertaken to compare the survival of patients with biliary obstruction caused by unresectable pancreatic head cancer after surgical and non-surgical palliation. METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed 69 patients who underwent palliative treatment for unresectable pancreatic head cancer. Fifty-two patients with locally advanced disease (local vascular invasion) and 17 with distant metastatic disease were included. The patients were divided into two groups, surgical and non-surgical palliation. RESULTS:Thirty-eight patients underwent biliary bypass surgery and 31 had percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). There was no signiifcant difference in the early complications, successful biliary drainage, recurrent jaundice, and 30-day mortality between surgical palliation and PTBD. However, in 52 patients whose tumor was unresectable secondary to local vascular invasion, the rate of recurrent jaundice after successful surgical biliary palliation was lower than that in patients who had non-surgical palliation (P CONCLUSIONS:In patients with preoperative evaluations showing potentially resectable tumors and/or no metastatic lesions, surgical exploration should be performed. Thus, in patients who have unresectable cancer or limited metastatic disease on exploration, surgical palliation should be performed for longer survival and better quality of survival.

  14. A Simple and Safe Technique for CT Guided Lung Nodule Marking prior to Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgical Resection Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James A. Stephenson

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. We describe our experience of a simple, safe, and reproducible technique for lung nodule marking prethoracoscopic metastasectomy. Thoracoscopic lung nodule resection reduces patient discomfort, complications, higher level of care, hospital stay, and cost; however, small deeply placed lung nodules are difficult to locate and resect thoracoscopically. Materials and Methods. We describe and review the success of our novel technique, where nodules are identified on a low dose CT and marked with methylene blue using CT fluoroscopy guidance immediately prior to surgery. Results. 30 nodules were marked with a mean size of 8 mm (4–18 mm located at a mean depth of 17 mm, distributed through both lungs. Dye was detected at the pleural surface in 97% of the patients and at the nodule in 93%. There were no major complications. Thoracoscopic resection was possible in 90%. Conclusion. This is a simple and safe method of lung nodule marking to facilitate thoracoscopic resection in cases where this may not be technically possible due to nodule location.

  15. Resecting diffuse low-grade gliomas to the boundaries of brain functions: a new concept in surgical neuro-oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffau, H

    2015-12-01

    The traditional dilemma making surgery for diffuse low-grade gliomas (DLGGs) challenging is underlain by the need to optimize tumor resection in order to significantly increase survival versus the risk of permanent neurological morbidity. Development of neuroimaging led neurosurgeons to achieve tumorectomy according to the oncological limits provided by preoperative or intraoperative structural and metabolic imaging. However, this principle is not coherent, neither with the infiltrative nature of DLGGs nor with the limited resolution of current neuroimaging. Indeed, despite technical advances, MRI still underestimates the actual spatial extent of gliomas, since tumoral cells are present several millimeters to centimeters beyond the area of signal abnormalities. Furthermore, cortical and subcortical structures may be still crucial for brain functions despite their invasion by this diffuse tumoral disease. Finally, the lack of reliability of functional MRI has also been demonstrated. Therefore, to talk about "maximal safe resection" based upon neuroimaging is a non-sense, because oncological MRI does not show the tumor and functional MRI does not show critical neural pathways. This review proposes an original concept in neuro-oncological surgery, i.e. to resect DLGG to the boundaries of brain functions, thanks to intraoperative electrical mapping performed in awake patients. This paradigmatic shift from image-guided resection to functional mapping-guided resection, based upon an accurate study of brain connectomics and neuroplasticity in each patient throughout tumor removal has permitted to solve the classical dilemma, by increasing both survival and quality of life in DLGG patients. With this in mind, brain surgeons should also be neuroscientists.

  16. Nutritional supplements in the surgical patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stohs, Sidney J; Dudrick, Stanley J

    2011-08-01

    This article presents an overview of the current knowledge, status, and use of supplements by patients before surgical operations, together with the benefits expected of the supplements by the patients. The indications, potential advantages and disadvantages, and the relationships with various aspects of the preoperative preparation and postoperative management of surgical patients are discussed, with emphasis on the significant percentage of this population that is deficient in fundamental nutrients. Recent revisions and recommendations for some of the macronutrients are presented, together with a summary of federal regulations and an oversight of supplements.

  17. Exercise capacity in patients undergoing proctocolectomy and small bowel resection for Crohn's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brevinge, H; Berglund, B; Bosaeus, I; Tölli, J; Nordgren, S; Lundholm, K

    1995-08-01

    The effect of proctocolectomy and small bowel resection on working capacity has not been assessed objectively in previous research. Twenty-nine patients with Crohn's disease were investigated with cycle ergometry and a questionnaire, following proctocolectomy with and without small bowel resection. Maximal exercise load is known to correspond well with working capacity, particularly when account is taken of body composition and metabolic variables. Maximal exercise load was reduced marginally (by 9 per cent) in patients without small bowel resection and by 22 per cent in patients with moderate small bowel resection (15-30 per cent resection). Patients with extensive bowel resection (more than 50 per cent) had a 40 per cent reduction in the maximal exercise load. This reduction in maximal exercise load was greater than predicted when accounting for reduction in muscle mass. All patients had a normal oxygen uptake including resting energy expenditure. Urinary sodium and magnesium excretion was low in the group with moderate bowel resection, whereas the extensively resected patients were malnourished and had a reduced body cell mass. The authors conclude that the significantly reduced working capacity was of multifactorial origin secondary to malabsorption. However, the patients seemed unaware of the degree of their diminished working capacity. This reduced capacity makes it unlikely that they would be able to perform any labour involving high energy consumption at the level of 500-700 W, and this inability was reflected by a high rate of unemployment among the patients.

  18. Surgical correction of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy in a patient with severe hypertrophy and septal myocardial fibrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borisov, Konstantin Valentinovitch

    2012-10-01

    In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, myocardial fibrosis is an independent predictor of an adverse outcome. A new technique of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) surgical correction in patients with severe hypertrophy and septal myocardial fibrosis has been proposed. This approach avoids mechanical damage to the heart conduction system, and for the surgeon it improves visual inspection of the area to be resected. We present a case report of a 33-year old female patient with biventricular obstruction, extreme hypertrophy, septal myocardial fibrosis and episodes of ventricular tachycardia who underwent surgical correction according to this novel procedure. The advantage of the approach is an effective surgical treatment of HOCM in patients with severe hypertrophy and septal myocardial fibrosis who cannot be treated with the current surgical techniques.

  19. Laparoscopic versus Open Liver Resection: Differences in Intraoperative and Early Postoperative Outcome among Cirrhotic Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma—A Retrospective Observational Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Siniscalchi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Laparoscopic liver resection is considered risky in cirrhotic patients, even if minor surgical trauma of laparoscopy could be useful to prevent deterioration of a compromised liver function. This study aimed to identify the differences in terms of perioperative complications and early outcome in cirrhotic patients undergoing minor hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma with open or laparoscopic technique. Methods. In this retrospective study, 156 cirrhotic patients undergoing liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma were divided into two groups according to type of surgical approach: laparoscopy (LS group: 23 patients or laparotomy (LT group: 133 patients. Perioperative data, mortality, and length of hospital stay were recorded. Results. Groups were matched for type of resection, median number of nodules, and median diameter of largest lesions. Groups were also homogeneous for preoperative liver and renal function tests. Intraoperative haemoglobin decrease and transfusions of red blood cells and fresh frozen plasma were significantly lower in LS group. MELD score lasted stable after laparoscopic resection, while it increased in laparotomic group. Postoperative liver and renal failure and mortality were all lower in LS group. Conclusions. Lower morbidity and mortality, maintenance of liver function, and shorter hospital stay suggest the safety and benefit of laparoscopic approach.

  20. Lymph node ratio-based staging system as an alternative to the current TNM staging system to assess outcome in adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction after surgical resection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chuangui; Gao, Yongyin; Xiao, Xiangming; Tang, Peng; Duan, Xiaofeng; Yang, Mingjian; Jiang, Hongjing; Yu, Zhentao

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to assess the prognostic value of the hypothetical tumor-N-ratio (rN)-metastasis (TrNM) staging system in adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). The clinical data of 387 AEG patients who received surgical resection were retrospectively reviewed. The optimal cut-off point of rN was calculated by the best cut-off approach using log-rank test. Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox regressions model were applied for univariate and multivariate survival analyses. A TrNM staging system based on rN was proposed. The discriminating ability of each staging was evaluated by using an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) and a −2log likelihood. The prediction accuracy of the model was assessed by using the area under the curve (AUC) and the Harrell's C-index. The number of examined lymph nodes (LNs) was correlated with metastatic LNs (r = 0.322, P 0.05). The optimal cut-points of rN were calculated as 0, 0~0.3, 0.3~0.6, and 0.6~1.0. Univariate analysis revealed that pN and rN classifications significantly influenced patients’ RFS and OS (P TNM staging system in evaluating prognosis of AEG patients after curative resection. PMID:27517157

  1. Surgical acute abdomen in elderly patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Itengré Ouédraogo

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundaments : The surgical acute abdomen usually is the most frequent cause of abdominal surgery of urgency in t he old one, with the high mortality in spite of the modern surgical technologies. Objective: To evaluate the surgery of the surgical acute abdomen in the old one. Method: Appears a prospectivo descriptive study that includes 102 patients of 60 years or more who underwent surgery at the ¨Dr Gustavo Aldereguía Lima¨ University Hospital of Cienfuegos with this diagnostic. The primary data were obtained from clinical cards of the patients and the daily clinical observation until the debit. Results: The patients presented an average age of 74 years, being the most frequent causes of the syndrome intestinal obstruction (32,4%, the biliary tract affections (22,5%, and acute appendicitis (21,6%. The most frequent symptom was abdominal pain (96,08%, and we noticed tachycardia in 80,4%. Postoperating complications in 47,06% of the patients appeared and was observed a mortality of 26,5% with statistically significant relation with the age, ASA classification, surgical risk, time of evolution and the surgical time. The peritonitis heads the direct causes of death.

  2. Intraoperative application of thermal camera for the assessment of during surgical resection or biopsy of human's brain tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kastek, M.; Piatkowski, T.; Polakowski, H.; Kaczmarska, K.; Czernicki, Z.; Bogucki, J.; Zebala, M.

    2014-05-01

    Motivation to undertake research on brain surface temperature in clinical practice is based on a strong conviction that the enormous progress in thermal imaging techniques and camera design has a great application potential. Intraoperative imaging of pathological changes and functionally important areas of the brain is not yet fully resolved in neurosurgery and remains a challenge. A study of temperature changes across cerebral cortex was performed for five patients with brain tumors (previously diagnosed using magnetic resonance or computed tomography) during surgical resection or biopsy of tumors. Taking into account their origin and histology the tumors can be divided into the following types: gliomas, with different degrees of malignancy (G2 to G4), with different metabolic activity and various temperatures depending on the malignancy level (3 patients), hypervascular tumor associated with meninges (meningioma), metastatic tumor - lung cancer with a large cyst and noticeable edema. In the case of metastatic tumor with large edema and a liquid-filled space different temperature of a cerebral cortex were recorded depending on metabolic activity. Measurements have shown that the temperature on the surface of the cyst was on average 2.6 K below the temperature of surrounding areas. It has been also observed that during devascularization of a tumor, i.e. cutting off its blood vessels, the tumor temperature lowers significantly in spite of using bipolar coagulation, which causes additional heat emission in the tissue. The results of the measurements taken intra-operatively confirm the capability of a thermal camera to perform noninvasive temperature monitoring of a cerebral cortex. As expected surface temperature of tumors is different from surface temperature of tissues free from pathological changes. The magnitude of this difference depends on histology and the origin of the tumor. These conclusions lead to taking on further experimental research, implementation

  3. Approach to Pediatric Patients during Surgical Interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seher Ünver

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A child’s surgical period usually contains unpleasant and difficult experiences, for the child and the parents. The child in this period experiences greater anxiety and distress. On the other hand, pediatric patients have complex states that directly effects their perioperative care during. Because their perioperative care includes not only the knowledge of general surgical procedure and care of a patient in the operating room. It also includes the specific understanding of a child’s airway, anatomy and physiology, the understanding of child development and care of the child and family. This review is prepared to present these differences of the pediatric surgical patients and the care during their perioperative period. (Jo­ur­nal of Cur­rent Pe­di­at­rics 2013; 11: 128-33

  4. Robot-assisted low anterior resection in fifty-three consecutive patients: an Indian experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenawadekar, R D; Dhange, R Z; Pandit, A; Bandawar, M S; Joshi, S; Agarwal, G; Jagtap, A P; Puntambekar, S

    2013-12-01

    From December 2005 to December 2009, we performed 150 laparoscopic colorectal procedures. Based on this experience, we started offering robot-assisted colorectal surgery from December 2009. This study is a prospective evaluation of consecutive patients in order to study the technical feasibility and oncological outcome of robot-assisted low anterior resection. This investigation was conducted at a single minimal access surgery institute. Between December 2009 and December 2011, 53 consecutive patients with rectal adenocarcinoma underwent a robot-assisted low anterior resection (LAR) or ultralow anterior resection (ULAR) with total mesorectal excision (TME), using the standard da Vinci 'S' model. Patient demographics, mean operative time, mean postoperative hospital stay, blood loss, days to first flatus, resumption of oral feeds, urinary incontinence, and sexual dysfunction were studied. Surgical and pathological outcomes such as quality of TME, free circumferential margins, and number of lymph nodes dissected were also evaluated. Robot docking and undocking times were noted. Of the 53 patients, 41 were men and 12 were women. Their mean age was 66.7 years (range 37-90 years). The ASA grades were distributed as follows: ASA I 15 (28.3 %), ASA II 25 (47.16 %), ASA III 12 (22.64 %), ASA IV 1 (1.88 %). The mean operative time was 180 min (150-230 min) and the mean blood loss was 101.6 ml (50-300 ml). The robot docking time was 10 min (15-25 min) and the undocking time was 5 min (3-10 min). The mean hospital stay was 8 days (7-15 days). None of the patients was converted to either laparoscopic or open procedure. The longitudinal and circumferential margins were negative in all patients. Histopathological reports of 45 patients showed complete TME while 8 patients showed nearly complete TME. No repositioning of the robot was needed for splenic flexure mobilization, thus decreasing the operative time. Along with TME, even the splenic flexure mobilization

  5. Actual over 10-year survival after liver resection for patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Si, Anfeng; Li, Jun; Xiang, Hongjun; Zhang, Shichao; Bai, Shilei; Yang, Pinghua; Zhang, Xiaofeng; Xia, Yong; Wang, Kui; Yan, Zhenlin; Lau, Wan Yee; Shi, Lehua; Shen, Feng

    2017-07-04

    Partial hepatectomy is a potentially curative therapy for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Unfortunately, the overall surgical prognosis remains dismal and the actual 10-year survival has not been reported. This study aimed to document 10-year actual survival rates, identify the prognostic factors associated with 10-year survival rate, and analyze the characteristics of patients who survived ≥ 10 years. Among 251 patients who underwent curative liver resection for ICC between 2003 and 2006 at the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, 21 patients (8.4%) survived ≥ 10 years. The 5-, 7-, and 10-year overall survival rates were 32.3%, 22.3% and 8.4%, respectively. The 10-year cumulative incidence of ICC-related death and recurrence were 80.9% and 85.7%, respectively. Multivariate analysis based on competing risk survival analysis identified that tumor > 5 cm was independently associated with ICC-related death and recurrence (hazard ratios: 1.369 and 1.445, respectively), in addition to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) >10 U/mL, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) >39 U/mL, multiple nodules, vascular invasion, nodal metastasis and local extrahepatic invasion. Patients who survived ≥ 10 years had a longer time to first recurrence, lower levels of CEA, CA19-9 and alkaline phosphatase, less perioperative blood loss, solitary tumor, smaller tumor size, and absence of nodal metastasis or local extrahepatic invasion. In conclusion, a 10-year survival after liver resection for ICC is possible and can be expected in approximately 8.4% of patients.

  6. Impact of 5-fluorouracil metabolizing enzymes on chemotherapy in patients with resectable colorectal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochiai, Takumi; Umeki, Masahiko; Miyake, Hiroshi; Iida, Tatsumi; Okumura, Minoru; Ohno, Kazuhide; Sakamoto, Masashi; Miyoshi, Nobukazu; Takahashi, Masahiko; Tsumura, Hidenori; Tokunaga, Yukihiko; Naitou, Haruhiko; Fukui, Takuji

    2014-09-01

    Although 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is an important drug for colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment, no useful biomarker is currently available to predict treatment response. Since 5-FU is converted into active or inactive forms by orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRT) or dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), a correlation between these enzymes and response to 5-FU has been suggested. However, such a correlation has not been investigated prospectively. Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to prospectively evaluate whether OPRT and DPD were predictive factors of the response to 5-FU treatment in patients with resectable CRC. The present investigation was designed as a multicenter prospective cohort study. OPRT and DPD activities were assessed in biopsy samples, obtained surgically from patients with resectable CRC. The OPRT/DPD ratio was calculated and the cut-off values for this ratio were determined for 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Patients were treated with 5-FU/leucovorin (LV) regimens and oral 5-FU. The endpoint of this study was the correlation between the OPRT/DPD ratio and 5-year DFS and OS. The cut-off value for the OPRT/DPD ratio was determined by using the maximum χ2 statistic method against 5-year DFS and OS. Sixty-eight patients were enrolled from July 2003 to May 2005. The median follow-up period was 1925 days. The OPRT/DPD ratio cut-off values for 5-year DFS and OS were 0.015 and 0.013, respectively. During the 5-year DFS and OS periods, patients with higher cut-off values had a better prognosis than those with lower ratios (P=0.03 and 0.02, respectively). In conclusion, our results suggest that the OPRT/DPD ratio could be a predictive factor for response to 5-FU/LV adjuvant chemotherapy.

  7. Effect of multiple-phase regional intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy on patients with resectable pancreatic head adenocarcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Chen; YAO Lie; LONG Jiang; FU De-liang; YU Xian-jun; XU Jin; YANG Feng; NI Quan-xing

    2009-01-01

    Background Regional intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy (RIAC) has been more valuable to improve prognosis and quality of life of patients with inoperable pancreatic adenocarcinomas, and adjuvant RIAC plays an important role in prolonging survival and reducing risk of liver metastasis after radical resection of pancreatic cancer, but the effect of preoperative or multiple-phase RIAC (preoperative combined with postoperative RIAC) for resectable pancreatic cancers has not been investigated. In this prospective study, the effect of multiple-phase RIAC for patients with resectable pancreatic head adenocarcinoma was evaluated, and its safety and validity comparing with postoperative RIAC were also assessed.Methods Patients with resectable pancreatic head cancer were randomly assigned to two groups. Patients in group A (n=50) were treated with new therapeutic mode of extended pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with multiple-phase RIAC, and those in group B (n=50) were treated with extended pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with postoperative RIAC in the same period. The feasibility, compliance and efficiency of the new therapeutic mode were evaluated by tumor size, serum tumor markers, clinical benefit response (CBR), surgical complications, mortality and toxicity of RIAC. The disease-free survival time, median survival time, incidence of liver metastasis, survival rate at 1, 2, 3 and 5 years were also observed. Life curves were generated by the Kaplan-Meier method.Results The pain relief rate and CBR in group A was 80% and 84% respectively. Serum tumor markers decreased obviously and tumors size decreased in 26% of patients after preoperative RIAC in group A. No more surgical complications, mortality or severe systemic side effects were observed in group A compared with group B. The incidence of liver metastasis in group A was 34% which was lower than 50% in group B. The disease-free survival time and median survival time in group A were 15.5 months and 18 months

  8. Randomized controlled trial of resection versus radiotherapy after induction chemotherapy in stage IIIA-N2 non-small-cell lung cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.P. van Meerbeeck (Jan); G.W.P.M. Kramer (Gijs); P.E.Y. van Schil (Paul); C. Legrand; E.F. Smit (Egbert); F.M.N.H. Schramel (Franz); V.C.G. Tjan-Heijnen (Vivianne); B. Biesma (Bonne); C. Debruyne (Channa); N. van Zandwijk (Nico); T.A.W. Splinter (Ted); G. Giaccone (Giuseppe)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Induction chemotherapy before surgical resection increases survival compared with surgical resection alone in patients with stage IIIA-N2 non - small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We hypothesized that, following a response to induction chemotherapy, surgical resection would be su

  9. Coping strategies in anxious surgical patients

    OpenAIRE

    Aust, Hansjoerg; R?sch, Dirk; Schuster, Maike; Sturm, Theresa; Brehm, Felix; Nestoriuc, Yvonne (Prof. Dr. rer. nat.)

    2016-01-01

    Background Anaesthesia and surgery provoke preoperative anxiety and stress. Patients try to regain control of their emotions by using coping efforts. Coping may be more effective if supported by specific strategies or external utilities. This study is the first to analyse coping strategies in a large population of patients with high preoperative anxiety. Methods We assessed preoperative anxiety and coping preferences in a consecutive sample of 3087 surgical patients using validated scales (Am...

  10. Effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on malignant molecule levels in tumor tissue and serum of patients with locally advanced resectable colorectal cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin Huang

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on malignant molecule levels in tumor tissue and serum of patients with locally advanced resectable colorectal cancer. Methods:A total of 86 cases of patients with locally advanced resectable colorectal cancer were selected and randomly divided into observation group and control group. Control group of patients received traditional postoperative chemotherapy and observation group of patients received preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy and traditional postoperative chemotherapy. After one cycle, two cycles and three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, serum samples were collected to determine the levels of malignant molecules; after surgical resection, the tumor tissues were collected to determine the expression levels of malignant molecules. Results:After one cycle, two cycles and three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, serum VEGF, Cath-D, MCP-1, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, sIL-2R and IL-18 levels of observation group were significantly lower than those of control group; after surgical resection, Beclin-1 and Caspase-3 mRNA expression levels in tumor tissue of observation group were significantly higher than those of control group, and mTOR, Livin and MTA1 mRNA expression levels were significantly lower than those of control group.Conclusion: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy can effectively inhibit the malignant degree of locally advanced resectable colorectal cancer and inhibit the expression of malignant molecules, and it is of positive significance in terms of improving overall treatment effect.

  11. Integrated Fluorine-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET/CT Compared to Standard Contrast-Enhanced CT for Characterization and Staging of Pulmonary Tumors Eligible for Surgical Resection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quaia, E.; Tona, G.; Gelain, F.; Lubin, E.; Pizzolato, R.; Boscolo, E.; Bussoli, L. (Dept. of Radiology, Cattinara Hospital, Univ. of Trieste, Trieste (Italy))

    2008-11-15

    Background: Accurate staging is necessary to determine the appropriate therapy in patients with lung cancer. Few studies have compared integrated fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and contrast-enhanced CT in the characterization and staging of pulmonary tumors considered eligible for surgical resection. Purpose: To compare 18F-FDG PET/CT with standard contrast-enhanced CT for the diagnosis and staging of lung neoplasms eligible for surgical resection. Material and Methods: Seventy-six consecutive patients (56 male, 20 female; mean age+-SD, 63.4+-20 years) with 84 pulmonary tumors suspected for malignancy and considered eligible for surgical resection were prospectively enrolled. Seventy-three malignant (65 non-small-cell lung carcinomas, one small-cell lung cancer, two carcinoids, and five metastases) and 11 benign lung tumors (three hamartomas, two sarcoidosis, one amyloidosis, one Wegener granulomatosis, one tuberculosis, and three areas of scarring) were finally diagnosed by histology. Tumor staging was based on the revised American Joint Committee on Cancer. Results: In lesion characterization, the sensitivity and specificity of 18F-FDG PET/CT versus contrast-enhanced CT were 90% vs. 83% and 18% vs. 63% (P<0.05, McNemar test), respectively. In nodal staging, the sensitivity and specificity of 18F-FDG PET/CT versus contrast-enhanced CT were 78% vs. 46% and 80% vs. 93% (P<0.05), respectively. Conclusion: In patients with lung neoplasms considered eligible for surgical resection, 18F-FDG PET/CT versus contrast-enhanced CT revealed higher sensitivity in nodal staging, but lower specificity both in lesion characterization and nodal staging.

  12. Recurrent back and leg pain and cyst reformation after surgical resection of spinal synovial cysts: systematic review of reported postoperative outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bydon, Ali; Xu, Risheng; Parker, Scott L; McGirt, Matthew J; Bydon, Mohamad; Gokaslan, Ziya L; Witham, Timothy F

    2010-09-01

    With improvements in neurological imaging, there are increasing reports of symptomatic spinal synovial cysts. Surgical excision has been recognized as the definitive treatment for symptomatic juxtafacet cysts. However, the role for concomitant fusion and the incidence of recurrent back pain and recurrent cyst formation after surgery remain unclear. To determine the cumulative incidence of postoperative symptomatic relief, recurrent back and leg pain after cyst resection and decompression, and synovial cyst recurrence. Systematic review of the literature. All published studies to date reporting outcomes of synovial cyst excision with and without spinal fusion. Cyst recurrence and Kawabata, Macnab, Prolo, or Stauffer pain scales. We performed a systematic literature review of all articles published between 1970 and 2009 reporting outcomes after surgical management of spinal synovial cysts. Eighty-two published studies encompassing 966 patients were identified and reviewed. Six hundred seventy-two (69.6%) patients presented with radicular pain and 467 (48.3%) with back pain. The most commonly involved spinal level was L4-L5 (75.4%), with only 25 (2.6%) and 12 (1.2%) reported synovial cysts in the cervical or thoracic area, respectively. Eight hundred eleven (84.0%) patients were treated with decompressive surgical excision alone, whereas 155 (16.0%) received additional concomitant spinal fusion. Six hundred fifty-four (92.5%) and 880 (91.1%) patients experienced complete resolution of their back or leg pain after surgery, respectively. By a mean follow-up of 25.4 months, back and leg pain recurred in 155 (21.9%) and 123 (12.7%) patients, respectively. Sixty (6.2%) patients required reoperation, of which the majority (n=47) required fusion for correction of spinal instability and mechanical back pain. Same-level synovial cyst recurrence occurred in 17 (1.8%) patients after decompression alone but has been reported in no (0%) patients after decompression and fusion

  13. Colorectal resection without mechanical colon cleansing: experience with 54 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Sepúlveda Magalhães Faria

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Preoperative mechanical cleansing of the colon has been frequently questioned lately. The purpose of this study was to present the experience of our team with colorectal resection without conventional mechanical preparation of the large bowel. METHODS: The study retrospectively evaluated 54 patients (mean age=59 (34-87 years old; 36 (66.7% females and 18 (33.3% males who underwent elective colorectal resections without conventional mechanical preparation of the large bowel at the Hospital Santa Rosa in Cuiabá (MT, from January 2003 to December 2006. Outcome variables were length of stay and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Mortality was 1.8% (one case. Median length of stay was four (2-12 days and mode was three days (n=17; 31.5%. No case of anastomotic dehiscence was observed. Postoperative complications occurred in six patients: serous collection of incision (two cases, partial dehiscence of abdominal wall requiring re-suture (two cases and prolonged ileus (two cases. CONCLUSION: As observed in recent literature, routine preoperative mechanical bowel cleansing is no longer justified. Colorectal resection without bowel preparation is safe.INTRODUÇÃO: O preparo mecânico pré-operatório do cólon tem sido questionado nos últimos anos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi o de mostrar a experiência do nosso grupo na operação colorretal eletiva sem o uso do preparo convencional do cólon. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados retrospectivamente 54 pacientes (idade mediana=59 anos (34-87 anos, sendo 36 (66,7% do sexo feminino e 18 (33,3% do sexo masculino submetidos a ressecções eletivas do cólon e reto, sem preparo convencional, no Hospital Santa Rosa de Cuiabá (MT, no período de janeiro de 2003 a dezembro de 2006. As variáveis de resultados observadas foram: dias de internação e complicações pós-operatórias. RESULTADOS: A mortalidade foi de 1,8% (um caso. A mediana dos dias de internação foi de quatro (2-12 dias e a moda foi

  14. Paediatric intracranial anaplastic ependymoma: the role of multiple surgical resections for disease relapse in maintaining quality of life and prolonged survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitchen, William John; Pizer, Barry; Pettorini, Benedetta; Husband, David; Mallucci, Conor; Jenkinson, Michael D

    2015-01-01

    Ependymoma is the third most common intracranial glioma in children. The treatment of choice for these tumours remains gross total resection followed by radiotherapy. There are two principal histological subtypes, namely classic (∼70%) and anaplastic (∼30%) ependymoma. We present the case of a 12-year-old girl with an anaplastic ependymoma of the left temporal lobe. She underwent initial image-guided resection following biopsy. A postoperative MRI showed a macroscopic resection. She subsequently relapsed and indeed had 11 local and distant relapses managed by 12 separate craniotomies and tumour resection, 4 courses of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. For patients with multiple relapses, surgery should be considered primarily to re-resect any symptomatic lesion. This case demonstrates that multiple tumour resections can be undertaken with limited morbidity for the patient and with maintenance of quality of life. Repeated focal irradiation can also be used to control the disease with limited morbidity. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  15. Insurance Status and Hospital Payer Mix Are Linked With Variation in Metastatic Site Resection in Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, Mark A; Pradarelli, Jason C; Krell, Robert W; Regenbogen, Scott E; Suwanabol, Pasithorn A

    2016-11-01

    Despite substantially improved survival with metastatic site resection in colorectal cancers, uptake of aggressive surgical approaches remains low among certain patients. It is unknown whether financial determinants of care, such as insurance status, play a role in this treatment gap. We sought to evaluate the effect of insurance status on metastasectomy in patients with advanced colorectal cancers. This was a retrospective cohort study. Using the National Cancer Data Base Participant User File, incident cases of colorectal cancer metastatic to the lung and/or liver with diagnosis from 2010 to 2013 were identified. We identified 42,300 patients in our cohort with a mean age 64 years. Controlling for patient, tumor, and hospital characteristics, hierarchical regression was used to examine associations between hospital payer mix and metastatic site resection. Metastatic site resection occurred in 12.3% of all patients. Adjusting for patient and hospital fixed effects, we found that patients who were uninsured or on Medicaid were 38% less likely to undergo metastasectomy (OR = 0.62 (95% CI, 0.56-0.66)). Patients in hospitals with staff treating a high percentage of uninsured patients or patients with Medicaid were less likely to undergo metastasectomy, even after controlling for individual patient insurance status. The study was limited by its retrospective design and the granularity and accuracy of the National Cancer Data Base. Differences in insurance status and hospital payer mix are associated with differences in rates of metastatic site resection in patients with colorectal cancer that is metastatic to the lung and/or liver. There is a need for improved access to metastatic site resection for individual patients who are uninsured or who have Medicaid insurance, as well as for all patients who seek care at hospitals treating a large proportion of patients who are uninsured or on Medicaid. Remedies for individual patients could include improved access to private

  16. Risk Factors for Gallstone Formation in Resected Gastric Cancer Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paik, Kyu-hyun; Lee, Jong-Chan; Kim, Hyoung Woo; Kang, Jingu; Lee, Yoon Suk; Hwang, Jin-Hyeok; Ahn, Sang Hoon; Park, Do Joong; Kim, Hyung-Ho; Kim, Jaihwan

    2016-04-01

    Previous studies reported increased incidence of gallstone formation after gastrectomy. However, there were few reports about factors other than surgical technique. The purpose of this study is to investigate the spectrum of risk factors of gallstone formation after gastrectomy. From June 2003 to December 2008, 1480 patients who underwent gastrectomy due to gastric cancer but had no gallstones before surgery were identified. Electronic medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Gallstones were assessed by computerized tomography or ultrasound performed as surveillance for recurrence. There were 987 men (66.7%) and the median age was 59.0 years. The median follow-up period was 47.0 months. According to the surgical technique, 754 (50.9%), 459 (31.1%), and 267 (18.0%) underwent subtotal gastrectomy with Billroth I (STG B-I) and Billroth II (STG B-II) anastomosis, and total gastrectomy (TG). Within the follow-up period, gallstone formation occurred in 106 of 1480 patients (7.2%), the only 9 patients (0.6%) experienced symptomatic cholecystitis. By multivariate Cox regression analysis, age (HR 1.02, 95% CI 1.00-1.04), male (1.65, 1.02-2.67), diabetes mellitus (2.15, 1.43-3.24), ≥4% decrease of body mass index after surgery (1.66, 1.02-2.70), STG B-II (1.63, 1.03-2.57), and TG (2.35, 1.43-3.24) compared with STG B-I were associated with gallstone formation. Common bile duct stone formation occurred in 20 of 1480 patients (1.4%) and was only associated with gallstones. After gastrectomy, there were considerable numbers of patients with newly developed gallstones; however, prophylactic cholecystectomy should not be routinely recommended. Gastrectomy (STG B-II or TG), old age, male sex, diabetes mellitus, and decreased body mass index were associated with gallstones.

  17. [Surgical treatment of patients for abdominal sepsis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryvoruchko, I A; Usenko, O Iu; Andreieshchev, S A

    2014-08-01

    Results of surgical treatment of 201 patients, suffering abdominal sepsis (AS), which have occurred after operations on abdominal organs, were analyzed. Expediency of application of modern scales for the patients state severity estimation, prognostic sign-posts and dynamic of the pathological process course in every patient was substantiated. Existing systems of prognostication (APACHE II, SOFA, MODS) are applied restrictedly for diagnosis of infection in patients, what demands relaparotomy performance in presence of clinical signs of intraabdominal infection, which persists. For prognostication of the treatment result and determination of indications for relaparotomy conduction in patients, suffering severe AS and infectious-toxic shock (ITSH), the most informative is application of the Manheim's index of peritonitis together with analysis of clinico-laboratory indices for formation of groups of patients in risk, to whom reoperation is indicated. Advantages of relaparotomy "on demand" conduction were proved in comparison with "programmed" relaparotomy during the staged surgical treatment of patients, suffering severe AS and ITSH. Complex surgical treatment with substantiation of indications and choice of adequate method of intervention secures improvement of the treatment results in these severely ill patients.

  18. Surgical management of parapharyngeal lymph node metastasis of thyroid carcinoma: a retrospective study of 25 patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiao-lei; XU Zhen-gang; WU Yue-huang; LIU Shao-yan; YU Yue

    2012-01-01

    Background Parapharyngeal lymph node (PPLN) metastasis from thyroid carcinoma is rare.We describe the clinical features,diagnosis,and surgical treatment of this condition.Methods Twenty-five patients with PPLN metastasis from thyroid carcinoma were treated at our institution from January 1999 to December 2010,including 22 patients with papillary carcinoma,two with medullary carcinoma,and one with follicular carcinoma.Of these,16 had a history of surgical treatment prior to PPLN metastasis.Of the nine patients without a history of surgical treatment,five had widespread cervical lymph node metastases and four had occult papillary thyroid carcinoma.PPLN metastasis was diagnosed by enhanced computed tomography in 22 cases.Results Resection of metastases was performed via a transcervical approach in 23 patients and a transmandibular approach in two patients.After a median follow-up time of 31 months (range:6-130 months),nine patients developed distant metastases,and six of these died of their disease.The 5-year survival rate was 63.8%.Conclusions PPLN metastasis from thyroid carcinoma may occur in patients:with previous neck dissection,with widespread metastases to cervical lymph nodes prior to initial treatment,and with occult thyroid carcinoma.Enhanced computed tomography is helpful for diagnosis in the first two presentations.Surgical resection remains the mainstay of treatment for this disease.PPLN metastasis has a tendency to be associated with distant metastases and a poor prognosis.

  19. Diagnosis and surgical treatment of pancreatic endocrine tumors in 36 patients: a single-center report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Hong; ZHANG Su-zhan; WU Yu-lian; FANG He-qing; LI Jiang-tao; SHENG Hong-wei; WANG Yong

    2007-01-01

    Background Pancreatic endocrine tumors (PETs) are rare and their surgical treatment is often debated. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze the diagnosis and surgical strategy of functioning and non-functioning PETs.Methods From May 1980 to March 2006, 36 patients with pancreatic endocrine tumors at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University were retrospectively studied.Results Among the 36 patients, 29 (81%) had functioning tumors, and 7 (19%) had nonfunctioning tumors. Ninety-two percent of insulinomas were benign, whereas 4 (57%) of nonfunctioning PETs were malignant. The size of functioning tumors was (2.3±0.3) cm, that of nonfunctioning tumors was less than (5.1±0.5) cm. The combination CT and transabdominal ultrasonography resulted in a diagnostic sensitivity of 84%. Thirty-three primary lesions were precisely located in 32 patients (89%). Atypical tumor resection was performed for 73% of functioning tumors, while typical pancreatectomy was performed for 6 (85%) of nonfunctioning tumors. Moreover, 5 liver resections and 1 lymph node dissection were performed. During the follow-up, fifteen complications occurred in 12 (36%) patients after operation. The 5-year survival rate for patients with benign tumors was 92% compared to 50% for those with malignant tumors. Surgical cure was achieved in 95% of patients with benign insulinomas.Conclusions Surgical strategy for PETs depends on the size and location of the tumor and the risk of malignancy. The optimal surgical procedure is key to prevent postoperative complication. Radical resection including initial and metastatic lesion may benefit patients with malignant PETs.

  20. Liver resection over the last decade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wettergren, A.; Larsen, P.N.; Rasmussen, A.;

    2008-01-01

    of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma in our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients who underwent their primary liver resection from 1.1.1995-31.12.2004 in our institution were included. The surgical outcome was reviewed retrospectively and the five-year survival...... after resection of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma was estimated. RESULTS: 141 patients (71M/70F), median age 58 years (1-78), underwent a liver resection in the ten-year period. The number of resections increased from two in 1995 to 32 in 2004. Median hospital......AIMS: The results after liver resection have improved over the last decade with an operative mortality rate of less than 5% in high-volume centres. The aim of the present study was to assess the perioperative outcome after hepatic resection and to assess the long-term survival after liver resection...

  1. Real-time Video-Streaming to Surgical Loupe Mounted Head-Up Display for Navigated Meningioma Resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Roberto; Yoon, Jang; Chen, Robert; Quinones-Hinojosa, Alfredo; Wharen, Robert; Komotar, Ricardo

    2017-04-30

    Wearable technology interfaces with normal human movement and function, thereby enabling more efficient and adaptable use.We developed a wearable display system for use with intra-operative neuronavigation for brain tumor surgery. The Google glass head-up display system was adapted to surgical loupes with a video-streaming integrated hardware and software device for display of the Stealth S7 navigation screen. Phantom trials of surface ventriculostomy were performed. The device was utilized as an alternative display screen during cranial surgery. Image-guided brain tumor resection was accomplished using Google Glass head-up display of Stealth S7 navigation images. Visual display consists of navigation video-streaming over a wireless network. The integrated system developed for video-streaming permits video data display to the operating surgeon without requiring movement of the head away from the operative field. Google Glass head-up display can be used for intra-operative neuronavigation in the setting of intracranial tumor resection.

  2. Examining Noncardiac Surgical Procedures in Patients on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taghavi, Sharven; Jayarajan, Senthil N; Mangi, Abeel A; Hollenbach, Kathryn; Dauer, Elizabeth; Sjoholm, Lars O; Pathak, Abhijit; Santora, Thomas A; Goldberg, Amy J; Rappold, Joseph F

    2015-01-01

    As extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly used for patients with cardiac and/or pulmonary failure, the need for noncardiac surgical procedures (NCSPs) in these patients will continue to increase. This study examined the NCSP required in patients supported with ECMO and determined which variables affect outcomes. The National Inpatient Sample Database was examined for patients supported with ECMO from 2007 to 2010. There were 563 patients requiring ECMO during the study period. Of these, 269 (47.8%) required 380 NCSPs. There were 149 (39.2%) general surgical procedures, with abdominal exploration/bowel resection (18.2%) being most common. Vascular (29.5%) and thoracic procedures (23.4%) were also common. Patients requiring NCSP had longer median length of stay (15.5 vs. 9.2 days, p = 0.001), more wound infections (7.4% vs. 3.7%, p = 0.02), and more bleeding complications (27.9% vs. 17.3%, p = 0.01). The incidences of other complications and inpatient mortality (54.3% vs. 58.2%, p = 0.54) were similar. On logistic regression, the requirement of NCSPs was not associated with mortality (odds ratio [OR]: 0.91, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68-1.23, p = 0.17). However, requirement of blood transfusion was associated with mortality (OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.06-2.74, p = 0.03). Although NCSPs in patients supported with ECMO does not increase mortality, it results in increased morbidity and longer hospital stay.

  3. High 1-Year Complication Rate after Anterior Resection for Rectal Cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Snijders, H. S.; Bakker, I. S.; Dekker, J. W. T.; Vermeer, T. A.; Consten, E. C. J.; Hoff, C.; Klaase, J. M.; Havenga, K.; Tollenaar, R. A. E. M.; Wiggers, T.

    2014-01-01

    Surgical options after anterior resection for rectal cancer include a primary anastomosis, anastomosis with a defunctioning stoma, and an end colostomy. This study describes short-term and 1-year outcomes of these different surgical strategies. Patients undergoing surgical resection for primary mid

  4. Prognostic Factors for Patients after Curative Resection for Proximal Gastric Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵东晖; 徐惠绵; 李凯; 孙哲

    2010-01-01

    The factors influencing the long-term survival of patients with proximal gastric cancer (PGC) after curative resection were investigated. Data from 171 patients who underwent curative resection for PGC were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were grouped according to the clinicopathological factors and operative procedures. The tumor depth (T stage) and lymph node metastasis (pN stage) were graded according to the fifth edition of TNM Staging System published by UICC in 1997. The metastatic lymph node r...

  5. Malformación arteriovenosa pulmonar: Características clínicas, diagnóstico y rol del tratamiento quirúrgico en pacientes tratados con cirugía resectiva pulmonar Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation: Clinical features, diagnosis and role of surgical management in patients with lung resection surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROBERTO GONZÁLEZ L

    2011-03-01

    has a role only in selected cases. Our objectives are to describe clinical features, diagnostic methods and role of surgical treatment in patients with PA VM. Methods: Retrospective review of all patients with PA VM, in whom surgery was performed in our institution, from February 2005 to February 2010. The follow up controls were done through physician or telephone contact. Results: 8 patients, six females (3:1, aged between 16-68 years were analyzed. Most common sigiis and symptoms were dyspnea, cyanosis and clubbing. Right lower lobe was the most frequent location. Four had multiple PA VM and four met criteria for Rendu-Osler- Weber disease. Six patients had polycythemia and two anemia. Radiography was abnormal in all and computed tomography defined anatomy in seven. Angiography was performed in three, two had contrasted echocardiography and four had scintigraphy. Most common surgical treatment was lobectomy. Indications for surgery were the size of PA VM in five cases, failure of embolization in two and one because of intra-operative findings, without a previous diagrwsis. One had postoperative bleeding. Discharge was between day 2 and 10 days after surgery. There was no mortality. At their last control all patients were asymptomatic. Conclusion: PA VMpresents a wide and varied range of clinical and anatomical findings. They can cause major symptoms and serious complications, which justify their treatment. The preoperative study is based primarily on demonstrating the shunt and determining the anatomical characteristics of the lesion. In selected cases lung resection surgery is indicated.

  6. Hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension: Is liver resection always contraindicated?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andrea Ruzzenente; Alessandro Valdegamberi; Tommaso Campagnaro; Simone Conci; Silvia Pachera; Calogero Iacono,; Alfredo Guglielmi

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To analyze the outcome of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) resection in cirrhosis patients, related to presence of portal hypertension (PH) and extent of hepatectomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 135 patients with HCC on a background of cirrhosis was submitted to curative liver resection. RESULTS: PH was present in 44 (32.5%) patients. Overall mortality and morbidity were 2.2% and 33.7%, respectively. Median survival time in patients with or without PH was 31.6 and 65.1 mo, respectively (P = 0.047); in the subgroup with Child-Pugh class A cirrhosis, median survival was 65.1 mo and 60.5 mo, respectively (P = 0.257). Survival for patients submitted to limited liver resection was not significantly different in presence or absence of PH. Conversely, median survival for patients after resection of 2 or more segments with or without PH was 64.4 mo and 163.9 mo, respectively (P = 0.035). CONCLUSION: PH is not an absolute contraindication to liver resection in Child-Pugh class A cirrhotic patients, but resection of 2 or more segments should not be recommended in patients with PH.

  7. Lymph node ratio-based staging system as an alternative to the current TNM staging system to assess outcome in adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction after surgical resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hongdian; Shang, Xiaobin; Chen, Chuangui; Gao, Yongyin; Xiao, Xiangming; Tang, Peng; Duan, Xiaofeng; Yang, Mingjian; Jiang, Hongjing; Yu, Zhentao

    2016-11-08

    This study aimed to assess the prognostic value of the hypothetical tumor-N-ratio (rN)-metastasis (TrNM) staging system in adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). The clinical data of 387 AEG patients who received surgical resection were retrospectively reviewed. The optimal cut-off point of rN was calculated by the best cut-off approach using log-rank test. Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox regressions model were applied for univariate and multivariate survival analyses. A TrNM staging system based on rN was proposed. The discriminating ability of each staging was evaluated by using an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) and a -2log likelihood. The prediction accuracy of the model was assessed by using the area under the curve (AUC) and the Harrell's C-index. The number of examined lymph nodes (LNs) was correlated with metastatic LNs (r = 0.322, P 0.05). The optimal cut-points of rN were calculated as 0, 0~0.3, 0.3~0.6, and 0.6~1.0. Univariate analysis revealed that pN and rN classifications significantly influenced patients' RFS and OS (P analysis adjusted for significant factors revealed that rN was recognized as an independent risk factor. A larger HR, a smaller -2log likelihood and a larger prediction accuracy were obtained for rN and the modified TrNM staging system. Taken together, our study demonstrates that the proposed N-ratio-based TrNM staging system is more reliable than the TNM staging system in evaluating prognosis of AEG patients after curative resection.

  8. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF ENDOMETRIOSIS IN INFERTILE PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Vogler

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Endometriosis is nowadays probably the most frequent cause of infertility or subfertility and is revealed in approximately 30–40% of infertile women. The association between fertility and minimal or mild endometriosis remains unclear and controversial. Moderate and severe forms of the disease distort anatomical relations in the minor pelvis, resulting in infertility. The goals of endometriosis treatment are relief of pain symptoms, prevention of the disease progression and fertility improvement. Treatment of stages I and II endometriosis (according to the R-AFS classification may be expectative, medical or surgical. In severely forms of the disease (stage III and IV the method of choice is surgical treatment. Combined medical and surgical treatment is justified only in cases, in which the complete endometriotic tissue removal is not possible or recurrence of pain symptoms occur. Nowadays, laparoscopic surgical treatment is the golden standard being the diagnostic and therapeutic tool during the same procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fertility rate after surgical treatment of different stages of endometriosis.Patients and methods. In prospectively designed study 100 infertile women were included. The only known cause of infertility was endometriosis. In group A there were 51 patients with stage I and II endometriosis, whereas in group B there were 49 patients with stage III and IV of the disease. Endometriosis was diagnosed and treated laparoscopically. Endometriotic implants were removed either with bipolar coagulation or CO2 laser vaporisation, whereas adhesions were sharp or blunt dissected, and endometriomas stripped out of ovaries. Pregnancy rates were calculated for both groups of patients, and statistically compared between the groups.Results. Mean age of patients was 29.25 (SD ± 4.08 years and did not significantly differ between the groups of patients (29.5 years in group A and 29 years in group B. In

  9. Seizure outcome after resective epilepsy surgery in patients with low IQ

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Malmgren, Kristina; Olsson, Ingrid; Engman, Elisabeth; Flink, Roland; Rydenhag, Bertil

    2008-01-01

    Epilepsy surgery has been questioned for patients with low IQ, since a low cognitive level is taken to indicate a widespread disturbance of cerebral function with unsatisfactory prognosis following resective surgery...

  10. Freqüência de pólipos em doentes operados de câncer colorretal Frequency of adenomatous polyps after surgical resection of colorectal cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Pinho ROCHA

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Introdução - Estudos epidemiológicos e gênicos mostram que os pólipos colônicos do tipo adenoma são lesões pré-neoplásicas. O seguimento de um paciente com câncer colorretal visa principalmente o diagnóstico e retirada de pólipos adenomatosos. Objetivo - Estudar a freqüência do aparecimento de pólipos adenomatosos em doentes com câncer colorretal em acompanhamento clínico após ressecção tumoral. Casuística e Métodos - Foi estudada, retrospectivamente, a freqüência de pólipos do tipo adenoma em 68 pacientes com idade média de 59 anos, submetidos a cirurgia curativa para tratamento de câncer colorretal e a colonoscopia de controle. Resultados - A incidência de pólipos adenomatosos foi de 18%, sendo maior acima de 45 anos (20% e no cólon esquerdo (38%. Em relação ao tipo histológico, 61% eram tubulares, 22% vilosos e 17% túbulo-vilosos. Discussão - Assim como em outros relatos da literatura, a incidência de pólipos foi superior em indivíduos com mais de 45 anos, sendo em mais da metade do tipo tubular. A freqüência de pólipos foi maior nos dois primeiros anos de acompanhamento.Introduction - Epidemiologic and molecular biologic studies have already demonstrated that adenomatous colonic polyps are precancerous diseases. The main indication of the colonoscopy in the surveillance of colorectal cancer treated patients is the diagnosis and resection of adenomatous polyps. Aim - To study the frequency of adenomatous polyps after surgically resection of colorectal cancer. Material and Methods - Sixty eight patients, mean age 59 years old, with total resection of colorectal cancer, submitted to various colonoscopies during the follow up were studied retrospectively. The histological type and the characteristics of the polyp were described. Results - The frequency of polyps was 18%, being higher in the patients with more than 45 years (20%. The site of the polyps was in the left colon in 38% of the patients with

  11. Transurethral resection of fibrotic scar tissue combined with temporary urethral stent placement for patients with in anterior urethral stricture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheol Yong Yoon

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Fibrotic scar formation is a main cause of recurrent urethral stricture after initial management with direct vision internal urethrotomy (DVIU. In the present study, we devised a new technique of combined the transurethral resection of fibrotic scar tissue and temporary urethral stenting, using a thermo-expandable urethral stent (MemokathTM 044TW in patients with anterior urethral stricture. Materials and Methods As a first step, multiple incisions were made around stricture site with cold-cutting knife and Collins knife electrode to release a stricture band. Fibrotic tissue was then resected with a 13Fr pediatric resectoscope before deployment of a MemokathTM 044TW stent (40 – 60mm on a pre-mounted sheath using 0° cystoscopy. Stents were removed within 12 months after initial placement. Results We performed this technique on 11 consecutive patients with initial (n = 4 and recurrent (n = 7 anterior urethral stricture (April 2009 – February 2013. At 18.9 months of mean follow-up (12-34 months, mean Qmax (7.8±3.9ml/sec vs 16.8 ± 4.8ml/sec, p < 0.001, IPSS (20.7 vs 12.5, p = 0.001 , and QoL score (4.7 vs 2.2, p < 0.001 were significantly improved. There were no significant procedure-related complications except two cases of tissue ingrowth at the edge of stent, which were amenable by transurethral resection. In 7 patients, an average 1.4 times (1-5 times of palliative urethral dilatation was carried out and no patients underwent open surgical urethroplasty during the follow-up period. Conclusion Combined transurethral resection and temporary urethral stenting is a effective therapeutic option for anterior urethral stricture. Further investigations to determine the long-term effects, and safety profile of this new technique are warranted.

  12. [Resection of Klatskin tumors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seehofer, D; Kamphues, C; Neuhaus, P

    2012-03-01

    Curative treatment of Klatskin tumors by radical surgical procedures with surgical preparation distant to the tumor region results in 5-year survival rates of 30-50%. This requires mandatory en bloc liver resection and resection of the extrahepatic bile duct often together with vascular resection. Nevertheless, the ideal safety margin of 0.5-1 cm remote from the macroscopic tumor extensions cannot be achieved in all cases. Based on hilar anatomy the probability of an adequate safety margin is higher using extended right hemihepatectomy together with portal vein resection compared to left hemihepatectomy. However, due to severe atrophy of the left liver lobe solely left-sided hepatectomy is feasible in some patients. In cases of eligibility for both procedures right hemihepatectomy is preferentially used due to the higher oncological radicality if sufficient liver function is present. Postoperative hepatic insufficiency and bile leakage after demanding biliary reconstruction, often with several small orifices, contribute to the postoperative complication rate of this complex surgical disease pattern.

  13. Prognostic significance of CpG island methylator phenotype in surgically resected small cell lung carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Yuichi; Nagae, Genta; Motoi, Noriko; Miyauchi, Eisaku; Ninomiya, Hironori; Uehara, Hirofumi; Mun, Mingyon; Okumura, Sakae; Ohyanagi, Fumiyoshi; Nishio, Makoto; Satoh, Yukitoshi; Aburatani, Hiroyuki; Ishikawa, Yuichi

    2016-03-01

    Methylation is closely involved in the development of various carcinomas. However, few datasets are available for small cell lung cancer (SCLC) due to the scarcity of fresh tumor samples. The aim of the present study is to clarify relationships between clinicopathological features and results of the comprehensive genome-wide methylation profile of SCLC. We investigated the genome-wide DNA methylation status of 28 tumor and 13 normal lung tissues, and gene expression profiling of 25 SCLC tissues. Following unsupervised hierarchical clustering and non-negative matrix factorization, gene ontology analysis was performed. Clustering of SCLC led to the important identification of a CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) of the tumor, with a significantly poorer prognosis (P = 0.002). Multivariate analyses revealed that postoperative chemotherapy and non-CIMP were significantly good prognostic factors. Ontology analyses suggested that the extrinsic apoptosis pathway was suppressed, including TNFRSF1A, TNFRSF10A and TRADD in CIMP tumors. Here we revealed that CIMP was an important prognostic factor for resected SCLC. Delineation of this phenotype may also be useful for the development of novel apoptosis-related chemotherapeutic agents for treatment of the aggressive tumor.

  14. [Anesthesiological management of the high-risk surgical patient].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertoldi, G; Avalle, M

    1980-03-01

    Evaluation of the anaesthesiological risk in surgical patients is described and an account is given of results obtained with an association of ketamin and NLA II in 57 high-risk patients subjected to general surgical management.

  15. Behind the Curtain: Keeping Surgical Patients Warmer Fights Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cleveland Clinic, Ohio Photo courtesy of NIGMS Keeping Surgical Patients Warmer Fights Infection As recently as the mid- ... His research led to a new conclusion: Keep surgical patients warm. No new drugs, no fancy technology. Warming ...

  16. Minimally Invasive Resection of an Extradural Far Lateral Lumbar Schwannoma with Zygapophyseal Joint Sparing: Surgical Nuances and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vítor M. Gonçalves

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Spinal schwannomas are benign nerve sheath tumors. Completely extradural schwannomas of the lumbar spine are extremely rare lesions, accounting for only 0,7–4,2% of all spinal NSTs. Standard open approaches have been used to treat these tumors, requiring extensive muscle dissection, laminectomy, radical foraminotomy, and facetectomy. In this paper the authors present the case of a minimally invasive resection of a completely extradural schwannoma. Operative technique literature review is presented. Material & Methods. A 50-year-old woman presented with progressive complains of chronic right leg pain and paresthesia. The magnetic resonance imaging revealed a giant well-encapsulated dumbbell-shaped extradural lesion at the L3-L4 level. The patient underwent a minimally invasive gross total resection of the tumor using a tubular expandable retractor system. Results. The patient had complete resolution of radiculopathy in the immediate postoperative period and she was discharged home, neurologically intact, on the second postoperative day. Postoperative MRI demonstrated no evidence of residual tumor. At latest follow-up (18 months the patient remains asymptomatic. Conclusion. Although challenging, this minimally invasive procedure is safe and effective, being an appropriate alternative, with many potential advantages, to the open approach.

  17. Efficacy of resecting petroclival meningiomas via different surgical approaches%不同手术入路切除岩斜区脑膜瘤的疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施铭岗; 佟小光

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨不同手术入路切除岩斜区脑膜瘤的疗效.方法 回顾性纳入天津市环湖医院2009年1月至2014年1月收治的36例岩斜区脑膜瘤患者.当肿瘤主体位于幕上,特别是侵犯海绵窦并突入中颅窝时,采用经颧-额-颞入路切除;当肿瘤主体位于后颅窝或仅侵犯Meckel囊,甚至少部分侵犯海绵窦时,行乙状窦后入路切除;对于肿瘤巨大同时侵犯中、后颅窝者,联合2种入路分期经幕上、幕下切除肿瘤.结果 经颧-额-颞入路切除肿瘤21例,经乙状窦后入路切除肿瘤12例,联合2种入路分期切除肿瘤3例.肿瘤全切除16例,次全切除14例,大部分切除5例,部分切除1例.出院随访6~60个月,平均(32.0±19.6)个月,恢复良好33例,恢复不良3例.术后发生并发症12例(33.3%),其中动眼神经瘫痪3例,2例恢复;滑车神经功能障碍5例,面部麻木2例,耳鸣1例,随访期间均得到不同程度的恢复;颞叶水肿1例,经保守治疗后好转.无脑脊液漏和死亡病例.肿瘤复发4例.3例肿瘤残留和4例复发者行γ-刀治疗.结论 经不同入路切除岩斜区脑膜瘤可获得较满意的疗效.%Objective To investigate the surgical approaches of effective resection of petroclival meningiomas.Methods Thirty-six patients with petroclival meningioma admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, Tianjin Huanhu Hospital from January 2009 to January 2014 were enrolled retrospectively.When a major part of the tumor was located in supratentorium, in particular the invasion of the cavernous sinus and broking into the middle cranial fossa, resected it via zygomatic-frontal-temporal approach;when a major part of the tumor was located in posterior fossa or only invasion of Meckel capsule, even a small part of tumor invasion of the cavernous sinus, reseted it via retrosigmoid approach;for patients with huge tumor and invasion of middle or posterior fossa at the same time, the supratentorial and infratentorial tumors were

  18. Immediate chest wall reconstruction during pregnancy: surgical management after extended surgical resection due to primary sarcoma of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arruda, Eduardo Gustavo; Munhoz, Alexandre Mendonça; Montag, Eduardo; Filassi, José Roberto; Gemperli, Rolf

    2014-01-01

    Breast sarcoma during pregnancy is an extremely rare event and represents a complex problem because of a more advanced stage at presentation. This report presents the first case of a 24-year-old woman with a gestational age of 20 weeks with a fast growing tumour in her left breast (29 × 19 × 15 cm) and infiltrating the skin/pectoralis muscles. Radical mastectomy was performed with a gestational age of 22 weeks and a different design was planned for the latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap (LDMF) with primary closure in the V-Y pattern. Satisfactory chest wall coverage and contour were achieved. Final histopathological findings allowed a diagnosis of undifferentiated sarcoma. With a gestational age of 37 weeks, a healthy infant was delivered by means of a caesarean section. The patient is currently in the second postoperative year and no recurrence has been observed. Management of a large breast sarcoma in a pregnant patient presents unique challenges in consideration of the potential risks to the foetus and the possible maternal benefit. The results of this study demonstrate that the VY-LDMF is a reliable technique and should be considered in cases of immediate large thoracic wound reconstruction. Copyright © 2013 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in end-stage renal disease patients: Two decades of experience at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun-Nan Yeh; Wei-Chen Lee; Miin-Fu Chen

    2005-01-01

    AIM: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common disease in Taiwan. The prevalence of viral hepatitis infection and the subsequent development of HCC are well known to be higher in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) than among the general population. However, information on hepatic resection for ESRD-HCC patients is limited. METHODS: The clinical features of 26 ESRD-HCC patients who underwent hepatic resection from 1982 to 2001 were retrospectively reviewed. Meanwhile, the clinicopathological features and the outcome of 1 198 HCC patients without ESRD undergoing hepatic resection were used for comparison. RESULTS: Of 1 224 surgically resected HCC patients, 26 (4.2%) were ESRD-HCC. Univariate analysis revealed more associated disease, more physical signs of anemia and postoperative complications, lower hemoglobin, platelet, α-fetoprotein, elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels, smaller tumors, lower HBsAg positivity, higher HCV positivity, and longer hospital stays in the ESRDHCC group compared with the HCC group. Furthermore, multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis revealed that elevated BUN and creatinine levels were the only two independently significant factors in the patients in the ESRD-HCC group. Overall and disease-free survival rates were similar between the ESRD-HCC and HCC groups.CONCLUSION: Elevated BUN and creatinine were the only two main independent factors differentiating ESRD-HCC from HCC patients. ESRD should not be a contraindication of hepatic resection in HCC patients; however, careful operative techniques and perioperative care are crucial to achieving lower morbidity and mortality. Comparable overall survival and disease-free survival can be achieved in selected ESRD-HCC patients undergoing hepatic resection when compared with conventional HCC patients.

  20. Laparoscopic Liver Resection can be an Effective Way in Obese Patients: A Single Center of 2-Year Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Hai-Bo; Dong, Ya-Dong; Wang, Lian-Cai; Tian, Guang-Jin; Mu, Sen-Mao; Cao, Yuan; Peng, Ya-Nan; Lou, Chong-Yang; Liu, Peng; Li, De-Yu

    2016-06-01

    To evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic liver resection in obese patients, we compared the operative outcomes between obese and nonobese patients, also between laparoscopic liver resection and open liver resection of obese and nonobese patients. A total of 86 patients suffering from liver resection in our department from January 2013 to December 2014 were divided into 3 groups: the obese patients group for laparoscopic liver resection, the nonobese patients group for laparoscopic liver resection and the obese patients group for open liver resection. Characteristics and clinic data of 3 groups were studied. Characteristics of patients and clinic data were equivalent between the 3 groups. The groups were well matched in age, sex distribution, and liver function (P>0.05). There were no significant differences in the operative time, estimated blood loss, time to oral intake, and postoperative hospital stay in the 3 groups. Tumor diameter of laparoscopic liver resection groups in obese patients was smaller than open liver resections groups in obese patients (Pobese patients and the nonobese patients. Obesity should not be seen as a contraindication for laparoscopic liver resection, which is a safe and feasible procedure for obese patients.

  1. Prospective cohort comparison of flavonoid treatment in patients with resected colorectal cancer to prevent recurrence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Harald Hoensch; Bertram Groh; Lutz Edler; Wilhelm Kirch

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To investigate biological prevention with flavonoids the recurrence risk of neoplasia was studied in patients with resected colorectal cancer and after adenoma polypectomy.METHODS: Eighty-seven patients, 36 patients with resected colon cancer and 51 patients after polypectomy,were divided into 2 groups: one group was treated with a flavonoid mixture (daily standard dose 20 mg apigenin and 20 mg epigallocathechin-gallat, n = 31)and compared with a matched control group (n = 56).Both groups were observed for 3-4 years by surveillance colonoscopy and by questionnaire.RESULTS: Of 87 patients enrolled in this study, 36 had resected colon cancer and 29 of these patients had surveillance colonoscopy. Among the flavonoid-treated patients with resected colon cancer (n = 14), there was no cancer recurrence and one adenoma developed. In contrast the cancer recurrence rate of the 15 matched untreated controls was 20% (3 of 15) and adenomas evolved in 4 of those patients (27%). The combined recurrence rate for neoplasia was 7% (1 of 14) in the treated patients and 47% (7 of 15) in the controls (p = 0.027).CONCLUSION: Sustained long-term treatment with a flavonoid mixture could reduce the recurrence rate of colon neoplasia in patients with resected colon cancer.

  2. Acquired aphasia in children after surgical resection of left-thalamic tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nass, R; Boyce, L; Leventhal, F; Levine, B; Allen, J; Maxfield, C; Salsberg, D; Sarno, M; George, A

    2000-09-01

    Five children (three males, two females; four right-, one left-handed; age range 6 to 14 years) who developed aphasia after gross-total excision of left predominantly thalamic tumors are reported. Three patients had Broca aphasia, one had mixed transcortical aphasia, and one patient had conduction aphasia. In the months after surgery, three children improved while receiving radiation and/or chemotherapy, although none recovered completely. Two patients with malignant tumors developed worsening aphasia when the tumor recurred, and later died. Two of three patients tested had visuospatial difficulties in addition to language deficits. Attention and executive functioning were affected in three of three patients tested. Memory, verbal and/or visual functioning, were affected in four of four patients tested. Both patients who were tested showed transient right hemineglect. Two of two patients tested were probably apraxic. The wide range of deficits in these children highlights the importance of the thalamus and other subcortical structures in developing cognition.

  3. Anthracycline-based induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil and radiation therapy in surgically resected axillary node-positive breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recchia, Francesco; Candeloro, Giampiero; Cesta, Alisia; DI Staso, Mario; Bonfili, Pierluigi; Gravina, Giovanni Luca; DI Cesare, Ernesto; Necozione, Stefano; Rea, Silvio

    2014-05-01

    The present study aimed to determine the toxicity and efficacy of 4 courses of anthracyclines-taxane (AT) chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy (XRT) concurrent with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (CMF) in surgically resected axillary node-positive (N+) breast cancer. A total of 200 women with N+ breast cancer were treated with adriamycin and docetaxel followed by XRT concurrent with six courses of CMF. Two courses of dose-dense chemotherapy with ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide, supported by pegfilgrastim, were administered to patients with >5 histologically confirmed axillary lymph node metastases and patients with triple-negative disease. Additional treatments included 1 year of trastuzumab in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive patients, 5 years of a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogue in premenopausal women and 5 years of an aromatase inhibitor (AI) in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) patients. The mean number of positive axillary lymph nodes was 4.4 (range, 2-37), 52% of the patients were premenopausal, 74% were ER+ and 26% had triple-negative disease. After a median follow-up of 73 months, grade 2 and 3 hematological toxicity was observed in 20% of the patients. The 10-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 73 and 77%, respectively. There was no significant difference in DFS between ER+ and estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) patients (P>0.05), whereas the OS was better in ER+ vs. ER- patients (P<0.05) and in premenopausal vs. postmenopausal patients (P<0.005). In conclusion, induction AT concurrent CMF and XRT and dose-dense chemotherapy followed by AI in N+ high-risk breast cancer was associated with a low level of systemic and late cardiac toxicity and excellent local control, DFS and OS.

  4. Enhanced Metastatic Recurrence Via Lymphatic Trafficking of a High-Metastatic Variant of Human Triple-Negative Breast Cancer After Surgical Resection in Orthotopic Nude Mouse Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yano, Shuya; Takehara, Kiyoto; Tazawa, Hiroshi; Kishimoto, Hiroyuki; Kagawa, Shunsuke; Bouvet, Michael; Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi; Hoffman, Robert M

    2017-03-01

    We previously developed and characterized a highly invasive and metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) variant by serial orthotopic implantation of MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells in nude mice. Eventually, a highly invasive and metastatic variant of human TNBC was isolated after lymph node metastases was harvested and orthotopically re-implanted into the mammary gland of nude mice for two cycles. The variant thereby isolated is highly invasive in the mammary gland and metastasized to lymph nodes in 10 of 12 mice compared to 2 of 12 of the parental cell line. In the present report, we observed that high-metastatic MDA-MB-231H-RFP cells produced significantly larger subcutaneous tumors compared with parental MDA-MB-231 cells in nude mice. Extensive lymphatic trafficking by high-metastatic MDA-MB-231 cells was also observed. High-metastatic MDA-MB-231 developed larger recurrent tumors 2 weeks after tumor resection compared with tumors that were not resected in orthotopic models. Surgical resection of the MDA-MB-231 high-metastatic variant primary tumor in orthotopic models also resulted in rapid and enhanced lymphatic trafficking of residual cancer cells and extensive lymph node and lung metastasis that did not occur in the non-surgical mice. These results suggest that surgical resection of high metastatic TNBC can greatly increase the malignancy of residual cancer. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 559-569, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Implications of malnutrition in the surgical patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, J L; Gertner, M H; Buzby, G P; Goodhart, G L; Rosato, E F

    1979-02-01

    The substantial prevalence of malnutrition in the hospitalized patient population has only been recently recognized. Preoperative nutritional and immunological assessment was performed prospectively on admission in 64 consecutive surgical patients. Factors measured included weight loss, triceps skinfold, midarm muscle circumference, creatinine-height index, serum albumin level, serum transferrin level, total lymphocyte count, serum complement level, serum immunoelectrophoresis, lymphocyte T rosettes formation, neutrophil migration, and delayed hypersensitivity. Using these criteria for malnutrition, 97% of the patients had at least one abnormal measurement and 35% had at least three abnormal measurements. Patients were monitored for complications during their hospital course. Serum albumin level, serum transferrin level, and delayed hypersensitivity reactions were the only accurate prognostic indicators of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Substantial unrecognized malnutrition exists in the surgical patient population. An isolated indicator of malnutrition should be interpreted with caution. The visceral protein compartment (serum albumin and serum transferrin levels and delayed hypersensitivity) is the most accurate prognostic indicator of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Perioperative nutritional support may reduce operative morbidity and mortality in the malnourished operative candidate.

  6. Sacral nerve stimulation in patients after rectal resection--preliminary report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzer, Brigitte; Rosen, Harald R; Zaglmaier, Wolfgang; Klug, Reinhold; Beer, Bernhard; Novi, Gabriele; Schiessel, Rudolf

    2008-05-01

    Sacral nerve stimulation is a widely accepted therapeutic option for neurogenic fecal incontinence. More recently, case reports showed a positive effect of sacral nerve stimulation in patients with fecal incontinence following low anterior resection. The purpose of this study was to gain more information for this selected indication for sacral nerve stimulation through a nationwide survey. In the period 2002 to 2005, three Austrian departments reported data of patients who underwent SNS for fecal incontinence following rectal resection. Data were available of seven patients (two female, five male) with a median age of 57 years (min 42; max 79). Six patients had undergone rectal resection as a treatment for low rectal cancer. One patient had undergone rectal resection for Crohn's disease, one patient subtotal colectomy and ileorectostomy for slow colon transit constipation. Test stimulation was performed in the foramen S3 unilaterally over a median period of 14 days (2-21 days). Seven patients reported a marked reduction of episodes of incontinence during the observation period and received a permanent stimulation system. After a median follow-up of 32 months (17-46), five patients reported a marked improvement of their continence situation. Despite a nationwide survey experiences with SNS as a treatment for fecal incontinence following rectal resection is still limited. Our observations show an improvement of the continence function following SNS. However, the promising results of our series as well as others need further research and more clinical data by a larger number of patients in a prospective trial.

  7. Delay in surgical treatment of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma: does time impact outcomes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruys, Anthony T; Heuts, Simon G; Rauws, Eric A; Busch, Olivier R C; Gouma, Dirk J; Gulik, Thomas M

    2014-01-01

    Background Substantial time elapses before patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCC) receive surgical treatment because of time-consuming preoperative staging and other interventions, including biliary drainage and portal vein embolization. Prolonged times potentially lead to unresectability and the formation of metastases, yet these issues have not been investigated previously in HCC. This study aimed to evaluate the time between onset of symptoms and the provision of ultimate treatment in patients with HCC and the impact of the length of time on outcomes. Methods Delays in the treatment of consecutive patients with HCC were evaluated by contacting general practitioners (GPs) and extracting data from hospital files. Time periods were correlated with resectability, occurrence of metastasis, tumour stage and survival using logistic and Cox regression analyses. Results Treatment times in 209 consecutive HCC patients were evaluated. The median time from first GP visit until presentation at the tertiary centre was 35 days. Time until treatment was longer when initial symptoms did not include jaundice (non-specific symptoms, P < 0.001). Duration of workup and preoperative biliary drainage at the tertiary centre prior to final surgical treatment resulted in an additional median time of 74 days. No correlation was found between treatment time in weeks and resectability [odds ratio (OR) 1.010, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.985–1.036], metastasis (OR = 0.947, 95% CI 0.897–1.000), tumour stage (OR = 1.006, 95% CI 0.981–1.031) or survival in resected patients (hazard ratio = 0.996, 95% CI 0.975–1.018). Conclusions The time that elapses between the presentation of symptoms and final treatment in patients with HCC is substantial, especially in patients with non-specific symptoms. This time, however, does not affect resectability, metastasis, tumour stage or survival, which suggests that preoperative optimization should not be omitted because of potential delays in

  8. A method for safely resecting anterior butterfly gliomas: the surgical anatomy of the default mode network and the relevance of its preservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burks, Joshua D; Bonney, Phillip A; Conner, Andrew K; Glenn, Chad A; Briggs, Robert G; Battiste, James D; McCoy, Tressie; O'Donoghue, Daniel L; Wu, Dee H; Sughrue, Michael E

    2017-06-01

    OBJECTIVE Gliomas invading the anterior corpus callosum are commonly deemed unresectable due to an unacceptable risk/benefit ratio, including the risk of abulia. In this study, the authors investigated the anatomy of the cingulum and its connectivity within the default mode network (DMN). A technique is described involving awake subcortical mapping with higher attention tasks to preserve the cingulum and reduce the incidence of postoperative abulia for patients with so-called butterfly gliomas. METHODS The authors reviewed clinical data on all patients undergoing glioma surgery performed by the senior author during a 4-year period at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center. Forty patients were identified who underwent surgery for butterfly gliomas. Each patient was designated as having undergone surgery either with or without the use of awake subcortical mapping and preservation of the cingulum. Data recorded on these patients included the incidence of abulia/akinetic mutism. In the context of the study findings, the authors conducted a detailed anatomical study of the cingulum and its role within the DMN using postmortem fiber tract dissections of 10 cerebral hemispheres and in vivo diffusion tractography of 10 healthy subjects. RESULTS Forty patients with butterfly gliomas were treated, 25 (62%) with standard surgical methods and 15 (38%) with awake subcortical mapping and preservation of the cingulum. One patient (1/15, 7%) experienced postoperative abulia following surgery with the cingulum-sparing technique. Greater than 90% resection was achieved in 13/15 (87%) of these patients. CONCLUSIONS This study presents evidence that anterior butterfly gliomas can be safely removed using a novel, attention-task based, awake brain surgery technique that focuses on preserving the anatomical connectivity of the cingulum and relevant aspects of the cingulate gyrus.

  9. Neurocognitive function in acromegaly after surgical resection of GH-secreting adenoma versus naive acromegaly.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Francisco Martín-Rodríguez

    Full Text Available Patients with active untreated acromegaly show mild to moderate neurocognitive disorders that are associated to chronic exposure to growth hormone (GH and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I hypersecretion. However, it is unknown whether these disorders improve after controlling GH/IGF-I hypersecretion. The aim of this study was to compare neurocognitive functions of patients who successfully underwent GH-secreting adenoma transsphenoidal surgery (cured patients with patients with naive acromegaly. In addition, we wanted to determine the impact of different clinical and biochemical variables on neurocognitive status in patients with active disease and after long-term cure. A battery of six standardized neuropsychological tests assessed attention, memory and executive functioning. In addition, a quantitative electroencephalography with Low-Resolution Electromagnetic Tomography (LORETA solution was performed to obtain information about the neurophysiological state of the patients. Neurocognitive data was compared to that of a healthy control group. Multiple linear regression analysis was also conducted using clinical and hormonal parameters to obtain a set of independent predictors of neurocognitive state before and after cure. Both groups of patients scored significantly poorer than the healthy controls on memory tests, especially those assessing visual and verbal recall. Patients with cured acromegaly did not obtain better cognitive measures than naïve patients. Furthermore memory deficits were associated with decreased beta activity in left medial temporal cortex in both groups of patients. Regression analysis showed longer duration of untreated acromegaly was associated with more severe neurocognitive complications, regardless of the diagnostic group, whereas GH levels at the time of assessment was related to neurocognitive outcome only in naïve patients. Longer duration of post-operative biochemical remission of acromegaly was associated with

  10. Operating room nurses' positioning of anesthetized surgical patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Erik Elgaard; Kusk, Kathrine Hoffmann; Grønkjaer, Mette

    2016-01-01

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence of problems associated with the positioning of anaesthetised surgical patients. BACKGROUND: The positioning of the anaesthetised surgical patient is a complex task. The interdisciplinary nature with several professional groups in a surgical team may ...... of positioning equipment allowing individual consideration of the patient. Further research is required on positioning equipment, optimisation of continuity and the establishment of permanent surgical teams....

  11. Hanging Maneuver for Stomach Traction in Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatic Resections: An Original Technique Applied in 218 Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dokmak, Safi; Aussilhou, Béatrice; Ftériche, Fadhel Samir; Belghiti, Jacques; Sauvanet, Alain

    2017-01-01

    Stomach traction done to expose the pancreas is still a problem in laparoscopic left pancreatic resections. We developed a simple hanging maneuver to retract the stomach rapidly and effectively. After dividing the gastrocolic ligament, the stomach was encircled with a tape, turned along its horizontal axis and pulled with an epigastric trocar, which was later removed. This technique was used in all patients who underwent laparoscopic left pancreatic resections including 165 distal pancreatectomies (DP), 35 central pancreatectomies (CP) and 18 enucleations (En). Demographics, surgical and postoperative outcome data were recorded. There were no mortalities. The mean operative time for DP, CP and En were 174, 191 and 104 min, respectively. The transfusion (0-4%) and conversion (0-3%) rates were low for all procedures. Morbidity was mainly represented by pancreatic fistula and grades (B + C) for DP, CP and En were observed in 26, 22 and 17%, respectively. No complication related to hanging of the stomach, like gastric perforation, was observed. Re-intervention and the mean hospital stay for DP, CP and En were observed in 5, 11 and 0% and were 16, 22 and 12, respectively. The readmission rate was low (0-9%). Hanging maneuver of the stomach is a simple procedure to rapidly, safely and effectively retract the stomach during left laparoscopic pancreatic resections. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  12. The RAPID protocol enhances patient recovery after both laparoscopic and open colorectal resections.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Lloyd, G M

    2010-06-01

    Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs can accelerate recovery and shorten the hospital stay after colorectal resections. The RAPID (remove, ambulate, postoperative analgesia, introduce diet) protocol is a simplified ERAS program that consists of a simplified, user-friendly single-page pro forma schedule. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the RAPID protocol on patients undergoing both laparoscopic and open colorectal resections in two specialized colorectal units.

  13. Two cases of laparoscopic simultaneous resection of colorectal cancer and synchronous liver metastases in elderly patients

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: The laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer and laparoscopic liver surgery are widely considered to be safe. Recently, it has been reported that the simultaneous laparoscopic resection of primary colorectal cancer and liver metastasis is technically feasible and safe when it is performed at experienced centers. However, the feasibility of simultaneous laparoscopic procedures for colorectal cancer and synchronous colorectal liver metastases in elderly patients has not been st...

  14. Referral patterns of patients with liver metastases due to colorectal cancer for resection.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Al-Sahaf, O

    2012-02-01

    INTRODUCTION: Colorectal carcinoma accounts for 10% of cancer deaths in the Western World, with the liver being the most common site of distant metastases. Resection of liver metastases is the treatment of choice, with a 5-year survival rate of 35%. However, only 5-10% of patients are suitable for resection at presentation. AIMS: To examine the referral pattern of patients with liver metastases to a specialist hepatic unit for resection. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective review of patient\\'s charts diagnosed with colorectal liver metastases over a 10-year period. RESULTS: One hundred nine (38 women, 71 men) patients with liver metastases were included, mean age 61 years; 79 and 30 patients had synchronous and metachronus metastases, respectively. Ten criteria for referral were identified; the referral rate was 8.25%, with a resection rate of 0.9%. Forty two percent of the patients had palliative chemotherapy; 42% had symptomatic treatment. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the advanced stage of colorectal cancer at presentation; in light of modern evidence-based, centre-oriented therapy of liver metastasis, we conclude that criteria of referral for resection should be based on the availability of treatment modalities.

  15. "In patient" medical abortion versus surgical abortion: patient's satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Carlo, Costantino; Savoia, Fabiana; Ferrara, Cinzia; Sglavo, Gabriella; Tommaselli, Giovanni Antonio; Giampaolino, Pierluigi; Cagnacci, Angelo; Nappi, Carmine

    2016-08-01

    To compare patients' satisfaction with medical and surgical abortion, implementing the Italian guidelines on medical abortion entailing an "in patient" procedure. A total of 1832 pregnant chose between surgical (vacuum aspiration) or medical abortion (mifepristone p.o. followed after 3 days by sublingual misoprostol) and expressed their expected satisfaction on a visual analog scale (VAS). A total of 885 women chose surgical and 947 medical abortion. The primary end-point was satisfaction VAS score 20 days after the procedure. Secondary end-points were: difference between pre- and post-abortion VAS score; difference in satisfaction VAS scores according to parity and previous abortion; incidence of side effects. VAS score was high in each group but significantly higher for the 1-day surgical than for the 3-day medical abortion procedure (7.9 ± 1.0 versus 7.2 ± 1.2; p after the treatment (6.9 ± 1.6 versus 7.9 ± 1.0, p abortion; women with a previous abortion preferred surgical abortion. Both procedures are considered satisfactory by the patients. Performing medical abortion as a 3-day "in patient" procedure, decreased women's satisfaction scores from their baseline expectations.

  16. Clinicodemographic aspect of resectable pancreatic cancer and prognostic factors for resectable cancer

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    Chiang Kun-Chun

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PCA is one of the most lethal human malignancies, and radical surgery remains the cornerstone of treatment. After resection, the overall 5-year survival rate is only 10% to 29%. At the time of presentation, however, about 40% of patients generally have distant metastases and another 40% are usually diagnosed with locally advanced cancers. The remaining 20% of patients are indicated for surgery on the basis of the results of preoperative imaging studies; however, about half of these patients are found to be unsuitable for resection during surgical exploration. In the current study, we aimed to determine the clinicopathological characteristics that predict the resectability of PCA and to conduct a prognostic analysis of PCA after resection to identify favorable survival factors. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical files of 688 patients (422 men and 266 women who had undergone surgery for histopathologically proven PCA in the Department of Surgery at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan from 1981 to 2006. We compared the clinical characteristics of patients who underwent resection and patients who did not undergo resection in order to identify the predictive factors for successful resectability of PCA, and we conducted prognostic analysis for PCA after resection. Results A carbohydrate antigen 19–9 (CA 19–9 level of 37 U/ml or greater and a tumor size of 3 cm or more independently predicted resectability of PCA. In terms of survival after resection, PCA patients with better nutritional status (measured as having an albumin level greater than 3.5 g/dl, radical resection, early tumor stage and better-differentiated tumors were associated with favorable survival. Conclusions Besides traditional imaging studies, preoperative CA 19–9 levels and tumor size can also be used to determine the resectability of PCA. Better nutritional status, curative resection, early tumor stage and well

  17. Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score is a prognostic marker for gastric cancer patients after curative resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuroda, Daisuke; Sawayama, Hiroshi; Kurashige, Junji; Iwatsuki, Masaaki; Eto, Tsugio; Tokunaga, Ryuma; Kitano, Yuki; Yamamura, Kensuke; Ouchi, Mayuko; Nakamura, Kenichi; Baba, Yoshifumi; Sakamoto, Yasuo; Yamashita, Yoichi; Yoshida, Naoya; Chikamoto, Akira; Baba, Hideo

    2017-06-27

    Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT), as calculated from serum albumin, total cholesterol concentration, and total lymphocyte count, was previously shown to be useful for nutritional assessment. The current study investigated the potential use of CONUT as a prognostic marker in gastric cancer patients after curative resection. Preoperative CONUT was retrospectively calculated in 416 gastric cancer patients who underwent curative resection at Kumamoto University Hospital from 2005 to 2014. The patients were divided into two groups: CONUT-high (≥4) and CONUT-low (≤3), according to time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The associations of CONUT with clinicopathological factors and survival were evaluated. CONUT-high patients were significantly older (p nutritional status but also for predicting long-term OS in gastric cancer patients after curative resection.

  18. Surgical resection of a cutaneous nodule in the left foot caused by mycobacteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neiva Aparecida Grazziotin

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Nontuberculous mycobacteria are etiologic agents of opportunistic human infections. Although they usually affect superficial tissues, infections in bones and joints have been described. The contamination is associated with increased environmental exposure. With appropriate therapy, the cases usually progress to complete recovery of the patient. This study reports the case of a patient who developed a cutaneous nodule in her left foot acquired when her skin was punctured by a fish. The anatomopathological examination revealed chronic central suppurative granulomatous dermo-hypodermal inflammation. Furthermore, the screening for resistant acid-fast bacilli was positive.

  19. Endoscopic resection of esthesioneuroblastoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallia, Gary L; Reh, Douglas D; Lane, Andrew P; Higgins, Thomas S; Koch, Wayne; Ishii, Masaru

    2012-11-01

    Esthesioneuroblastoma, or olfactory neuroblastoma, is an uncommon malignant tumor arising in the upper nasal cavity. Surgical approaches to this and other sinonasal malignancies involving the anterior skull base have traditionally involved craniofacial resections. Over the past 10 years to 15 years, there have been advances in endoscopic approaches to skull base pathologies, including malignant tumors. In this study, we review our experience with purely endoscopic approaches to esthesioneuroblastomas. Between January 2005 and February 2012, 11 patients (seven men and four women, average age 53.3 years) with esthesioneuroblastoma were treated endoscopically. Nine patients presented with newly diagnosed disease and two were treated for tumor recurrence. The modified Kadish staging was: A, two patients (18.2%); B, two patients (18.2%); C, five patients (45.5%); and D, two patients (18.2%). All patients had a complete resection with negative intraoperative margins. Three patients had 2-deoxy-2-((18)F)fluoro-d-glucose avid neck nodes on their preoperative positron emission tomography-CT scan. These patients underwent neck dissections; two had positive neck nodes. Perioperative complications included an intraoperative hypertensive urgency and pneumocephalus in two different patients. Mean follow-up was over 28 months and all patients were free of disease. This series adds to the growing experience of purely endoscopic surgical approaches in the treatment of skull base tumors including esthesioneuroblastoma. Longer follow-up on larger numbers of patients is required to clarify the utility of purely endoscopic approaches in the management of this malignant tumor.

  20. One-year clinical study of NeuroRegen scaffold implantation following scar resection in complete chronic spinal cord injury patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Zhifeng; Tang, Fengwu; Tang, Jiaguang; Yang, Huilin; Zhao, Yannan; Chen, Bing; Han, Sufang; Wang, Nuo; Li, Xing; Cheng, Shixiang; Han, Guang; Zhao, Changyu; Yang, Xiaoxiong; Chen, Yumei; Shi, Qin; Hou, Shuxun; Zhang, Sai; Dai, Jianwu

    2016-07-01

    The objective of this clinical study was to assess the safety and feasibility of the collagen scaffold, NeuroRegen scaffold, one year after scar tissue resection and implantation. Scar tissue is a physical and chemical barrier that prevents neural regeneration. However, identification of scar tissue is still a major challenge. In this study, the nerve electrophysiology method was used to distinguish scar tissue from normal neural tissue, and then different lengths of scars ranging from 0.5-4.5 cm were surgically resected in five complete chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. The NeuroRegen scaffold along with autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs), which have been proven to promote neural regeneration and SCI recovery in animal models, were transplanted into the gap in the spinal cord following scar tissue resection. No obvious adverse effects related to scar resection or NeuroRegen scaffold transplantation were observed immediately after surgery or at the 12-month follow-up. In addition, patients showed partially autonomic nervous function improvement, and the recovery of somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) from the lower limbs was also detected. The results indicate that scar resection and NeuroRegen scaffold transplantation could be a promising clinical approach to treating SCI.

  1. Laparoscopic resection for low rectal cancer: evaluation of oncological efficacy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Moran, Diarmaid C

    2011-09-01

    Laparoscopic resection of low rectal cancer poses significant technical difficulties for the surgeon. There is a lack of published follow-up data in relation to the surgical, oncological and survival outcomes in these patients.

  2. Unilateral pulmonary edema during laparoscopic resection of adrenal tumor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Smita; Nayar, Pavan; Virmani, Pooja; Bansal, Shipra; Pawar, Mridula

    2015-01-01

    Despite technological, therapeutic and diagnostic advancements, surgical intervention in pheochromocytoma may result in a life-threatening situation. We report a patient who developed unilateral pulmonary edema during laparoscopic resection of adrenal tumor. PMID:26330724

  3. Unilateral pulmonary edema during laparoscopic resection of adrenal tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smita Prakash

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite technological, therapeutic and diagnostic advancements, surgical intervention in pheochromocytoma may result in a life-threatening situation. We report a patient who developed unilateral pulmonary edema during laparoscopic resection of adrenal tumor.

  4. Patients with oral tumors. Part 2: Quality of life after treatment with resection prostheses. Resection prosthetics: evaluation of quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fierz, Janine; Bürgin, Walter; Mericske-Stern, Regina

    2013-01-01

    In the present study, the oral health-related quality of life of 18 patients (13 men and 5 women) was evaluated using validated questionnaires as proposed by the European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC). The patients belonged to a cohort of 48 patients, whose prosthetic treatment was performed during the years 2004-2007. In the course of tumor resection, 12 patients underwent graft surgery and 14 patients radiotherapy. One patient required a nasal epithesis since resection of the nose became necessary. Five patients underwent a full block resection of the mandible, and tumor resection in 3 patients resulted in a large oronasal communication. Prosthetic rehabilitation was performed in all patients, and the follow-up period with regular care covered a minimum of 3 years. Eleven patients received dental implants for better support and retention of the prostheses. In spite of compromised oral conditions, functional restrictions, and some difficulties with the prostheses, the answers to the questionnaire were quite positive. The majority judged their general health as good or even excellent. The subjective perception of the patients may contradict the objective view by the dentist. In fact, the individual patient's history and experience provide a better understanding of the impact of oral tumors on daily life. The overall assessment identified 4 items that were perceived as major problems by all patients: swallowing solid food, dry mouth, limited mouth opening, and appearance. Prosthetic rehabilitation has only a limited influence on such problems.

  5. A new application of the four-arm standard da Vinci® surgical system: totally robotic-assisted left-sided colon or rectal resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, Dean Chi-Siong; Tsang, Charles Bih-Shou; Kim, Seon-Hahn

    2011-06-01

    The key to successful rectal cancer resection is to perform complete total mesorectal excision (TME). Laparoscopic TME can be challenging, especially in the narrow confines of the pelvis. Robotic-assisted surgery can overcome these limitations through superior three-dimensional (3-D) visualization and the increased range of movements provided by the endowrist function. To date, all totally robotic resections of the rectum have been described using da Vinci® S or Si systems. Due to the limitations of the standard system, only hybrid procedures have been described so far. To evaluate the feasibility and short-term outcomes of performing totally robotic-assisted laparoscopic colorectal resections using the standard da Vinci® system with a fourth arm extension. The standard system was docked from the patient's left hip. Four 8-mm robotic trocars were inserted. Upon completion of phase 1 (pedicle ligation, colonic mobilization, splenic flexure takedown), the two left-sided arms are repositioned to allow phase 2 (pelvic dissection), enabling the entire procedure except for the distal transection and anastomosis to be performed robotically. Twenty-one robotic procedures were performed from August 2008 to September 2009. The mean age of the patients was 61 years (13 males). The procedures performed included seven anterior resections, seven low anterior resections, five ultralow anterior resections, one abdominoperineal resection, and one resection rectopexy. The majority of the cases were performed in patients with colon or rectal cancer. Operative time ranged from 232 to 444 (mean 316) min. Postoperative morbidity occurred in three patients (14.3%) with no mortalities or conversions. Average hospital stay was 6.4 days. Mean lymph node yield for the cases with cancer was 17.8. The standard da Vinci® system with four arms can be used to perform totally robotic-assisted colorectal procedures for the left colon and rectum with short-term outcomes similar to those of

  6. Multifocal hemangioendothelioma of the lumbar spine and response to surgical resection and radiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelahan, Linda C; Sandhu, Faheem A; Sayah, Anousheh

    2015-11-01

    Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma rarely occurs in the lumbosacral spine, with very few case reports of spinal hemangioendothelioma in the literature. There is variability in aggressiveness of these lesions without established treatment guidelines. The aim was to present a case of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma in the lumbar spine, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, which rapidly progressed over a 2-month period as regional multifocal lumbosacral spinal lesions with epidural extension causing severe spinal canal stenosis. This was a case report in a university hospital setting. The sample included an otherwise healthy adult male with low back pain. Multimodality imaging was performed to help with diagnosis and management including computed tomography, MRI, and positron emission tomography (PET). The patient was treated by embolization, L5 corpectomy and L4-S1 stabilization, and radiation therapy. The diagnosis was confirmed by tissue biopsy. The patient initially presented with severe back and leg pain after a vertebroplasty for an L5 compression fracture at an outside hospital where biopsy was negative for malignancy. Magnetic resonance imaging showed diffuse abnormality of L5 with several smaller lesions in the sacrum. Due to progressive pain 2 weeks after the vertebroplasty, the patient underwent an L5 laminectomy, L4-S1 instrumented posterior fusion, and attempted partial corpectomy for stenosis. At this surgery, the L5 corpectomy was aborted owing to profound bleeding. Pathology was again negative for malignancy. Presumed to be an atypical hemangioma, the lesion was embolized before repeat surgery where the thecal sac was decompressed by partial L5 corpectomy. Biopsy at this time revealed a vascular neoplasm, with hemangioendothelioma not excluded. Approximately 2 months after the stabilization procedure, the patient had increasing pain and bilateral lower extremity weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed and demonstrated marked

  7. Coping strategies in anxious surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aust, Hansjoerg; Rüsch, Dirk; Schuster, Maike; Sturm, Theresa; Brehm, Felix; Nestoriuc, Yvonne

    2016-07-12

    Anaesthesia and surgery provoke preoperative anxiety and stress. Patients try to regain control of their emotions by using coping efforts. Coping may be more effective if supported by specific strategies or external utilities. This study is the first to analyse coping strategies in a large population of patients with high preoperative anxiety. We assessed preoperative anxiety and coping preferences in a consecutive sample of 3087 surgical patients using validated scales (Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale/Visual Analogue Scale). In the subsample of patients with high preoperative anxiety, patients' dispositional coping style was determined and patients' coping efforts were studied by having patients rate their agreement with 9 different coping efforts on a four point Likert scale. Statistical analysis included correlational analysis between dispositional coping styles, coping efforts and other variables such as sociodemographic data. Statistical significance was considered for p preoperative anxiety. According to the initial self-assessment, about two thirds of the patients believed that information would help them to cope with their anxiety ("monitors"); the remainder declined further education/information and reported self-distraction to be most helpful to cope with anxiety ("blunters"). There was no significant difference between these two groups in anxiety scores. Educational conversation was the coping effort rated highest in monitors whereas calming conversation was the coping effort rated highest in blunters. Coping follows no demographic rules but is influenced by the level of education. Anxiolytic Medication showed no reliable correlation to monitoring and blunting disposition. Both groups showed an exactly identical agreement with this coping effort. Demand for medical anxiolysis, blunting or the desire for more conversation may indicate increased anxiety. The use of the internet was independent of the anxiety level and the demand of

  8. Surgical Treatment of Giant Liver Hemangioma Larger Than 10 cm: A Single Center's Experience With 86 Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wei; Huang, Zhi-Yong; Ke, Chang-Shu; Wu, Chao; Zhang, Zhi-Wei; Zhang, Bi-Xiang; Chen, Yi-Fa; Zhang, Wan-Guang; Zhu, Peng; Chen, Xiao-Ping

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The ideal surgical treatment of giant liver hemangioma is still controversial. This study aims to compare the outcomes of enucleation with those of resection for liver hemangioma larger than 10 cm in different locations of the liver and establish the preoperative predictors of increased intraoperative blood loss. Eighty-six patients underwent enucleation or liver resection for liver hemangioma larger than 10 cm was retrospectively reviewed. Patient demographic, tumor characteristics, surgical indications, the outcomes of both surgical treatment, and the clinicopathological parameters influencing intraoperative blood loss were analyzed. Forty-six patients received enucleation and 40 patients received liver resection. Mean tumor size was 14.1 cm with a range of 10–35 cm. Blood loss, blood product usage, operative time, hepatic vascular occlusion time and frequency, complications and postsurgical hospital stay were similar between liver resections and enucleation for right-liver and left-liver hemangiomas. There was no surgery-related mortality in either group. Bleeding was more related to adjacency of major vascular structures than the size of hemangioma. Adjacency to major vascular structures and right or bilateral liver hemangiomas were independently associated with blood loss >550 mL (P = 0.000 and 0.042, respectively). Both enucleation and liver resection are safe and effective surgical treatments for liver hemangiomas larger than 10 cm. The risk of intraoperative blood loss is related to adjacency to major vascular structures and the location of hemangioma. PMID:26313792

  9. Analysis of complications and outcomes after pulmonary resection in patients aged 80 years or over with non-small cell lung cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-bing LI

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective To explore the therapeutic effect and degree of safety in patients aged 80 years or over with nonsmall cell lung cancer undergoing radical resection. Methods A retrospective survey of 97 elder patients aged 80 years or over, in whom non-small cell lung cancer was pathologically confirmed after partial resection of the lung in Chinese PLA General Hospital from Jan. 2003 to Dec. 2012. The peri-operative features were evaluated, including gender, age, history of smoking, pulmonary function, surgical procedure, histopathologic type, pathologic stage, etc. The relation of the postoperative complications and mortality with the factors mentioned above was analyzed. Results Among all patients, the surgical procedure comprised 36 lobectomies, 31 segmentectomies, and 30 wedge resections. The histopathologic diagnosis showed there were adenocarcinoma in 51 patients, squamous cell carcinoma in 29, large cell carcinoma in 9, adenosquamous cell carcinoma in 6 and neuro-endocrine cell carcinomas in 2. The disease stage was determined as ⅠA in 55 cases, ⅠB in 33, ⅡA in 7, ⅢA in 2. The post-operative complications (POC occurred in 14 of 97 patients (14.4%, and the most common complication was cardiovascular complication (9 cases, followed by pulmonary complication (5 cases. Only two patients died to the complications, one of them was post-operative pneumonia and respiratory failure, and the other one was acute myocardial infarction. The survival rate of the 97 patients was 91.7%, 70.2% and 52.8% at 1, 3 and 5 years, respectively, and in the patients with stage I disease, the survival rate was 93.9%, 73.6% and 54.1%, respectively. Conclusion Advanced age is not a contraindication to radical pulmonary resection in patients over 80 years old suffering from early stage non-small cell lung cancer. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2014.10.13

  10. The Sigma-trial protocol: a prospective double-blind multi-centre comparison of laparoscopic versus open elective sigmoid resection in patients with symptomatic diverticulitis

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    Lacy Antonio M

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Backround Diverticulosis is a common disease in the western society with an incidence of 33–66%. 10–25% of these patients will develop diverticulitis. In order to prevent a high-risk acute operation it is advised to perform elective sigmoid resection after two episodes of diverticulitis in the elderly patient or after one episode in the younger ( Method Indication for elective resection is one episode of diverticulitis in patients 50 years or in case of progressive abdominal complaints due to strictures caused by a previous episode of diverticulits. The diagnosis is confirmed by CT-scan, barium enema and/or coloscopy. It is required that the participating surgeons have performed at least 15 laparoscopic and open sigmoid resections. Open resection is performed by median laparotomy, laparoscopic resection is approached by 4 or 5 cannula. Sigmoid and colon which contain serosal changes or induration are removed and a tension free anastomosis is created. After completion of either surgical procedure an opaque dressing will be used, covering from 10 cm above the umbilicus to the pubic bone. Surgery details will be kept separate from the patient's notes. Primary endpoints are the postoperative morbidity and mortality. We divided morbidity in minor (e.g. wound infection, major (e.g. anastomotic leakage and late (e.g. incisional hernias complications, data will be collected during hospital stay and after six weeks and six months postoperative. Secondary endpoints are the operative and the postoperative recovery data. Operative data include duration of the operation, blood loss and conversion to laparotomy. Post operative recovery consists of return to normal diet, pain, analgesics, general health (SF-36 questionnaire and duration of hospital stay. Discussion The Sigma-trial is a prospective, multi-center, double-blind, randomized study to define the role of laparoscopic sigmoid resection in patients with symptomatic diverticulitis.

  11. Long-Term Surgical Complications in the Oral Cancer Patient: a Comprehensive Review. Part I

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    Antonia Kolokythas

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Oral and oropharyngeal cancer remains among the top ten most common malignancies in the United States and worldwide. Over the last several decades the approach to treatment of oral cancer has changed very little with regards to primary tumour extirpation while the approach to the “at risk” lymph nodes has evolved significantly. Perhaps the most significant change in the surgical treatment of cancer is the introduction of free flap for reconstruction post resection. Despite these surgical advances, oral cancer ablation, still results in the sacrifice of several functional and aesthetic organs. The aim of this article was to provide a comprehensive review of the potential long-term complications associated with surgical treatment of oral cancer and their management.Material and Methods: The available English language literature relevant to long-term surgical complications associated with surgical treatment of oral cancer was reviewed. The potential common as well as rarer complications that may be encountered and their treatment are summarized.Results: In total 50 literature sources were obtained and reviewed. The topics covered in the first part of this review series include ablative surgery complications, issues with speech, swallowing and chewing and neurologic dysfunction.Conclusions: The early complications associated with oncologic surgery for oral cancer are similar to other surgical procedures. The potential long-term complications however are quite challenging for the oncologic team and the patient who survives oral cancer, primarily due to the highly specialized regional tissues involved in the surgical field.

  12. [Reoperations of rectal resection for recurrence after previous resection for rectosigmoid cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paineau, J; Letessier, E; Hamy, A; Hamelin, E; Courant, O; Visset, J

    1993-12-01

    From June 1986 to December 1992, 16 patients (12 men and 4 women, 63 years-old [36 to 79]) who underwent a prior sphincter-saving resection for colorectal adenocarcinoma were operated on for locoregional recurrence with a surgical resection. Eight patients had a second anterior resection (5 colorectal, 2 coloanal and 1 ileoanal anastomosis), one a resection without anastomosis, and 7 an abdomino-perineal resection. Nine patients received an intraoperative irradiation (10 to 25 Gy). Excisions of surrounding organs were often necessary. Post-operative complications occurred in most of the patients. Excluding 3 post-operative deaths, 9 patients died of disease in a median of 12.9 months after surgery (range: 3 to 32 months). Four patients are still living 5 to 14 months after the second resection. There is little in the surgical literature dealing with these difficult surgical problem of which results are always uncertain. An earlier diagnosis of the recurrence would result in a more satisfactory procedure, but is difficult because of the limited possibilities of detection after surgical treatment and often external irradiation.

  13. Effects of Obesity and Diabetes on α- and β-Cell Mass in Surgically Resected Human Pancreas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inaishi, Jun; Saisho, Yoshifumi; Sato, Seiji; Kou, Kinsei; Murakami, Rie; Watanabe, Yuusuke; Kitago, Minoru; Kitagawa, Yuko; Yamada, Taketo; Itoh, Hiroshi

    2016-07-01

    The ethnic difference in β-cell regenerative capacity in response to obesity may be attributable to different phenotypes of type 2 diabetes among ethnicities. This study aimed to clarify the effects of diabetes and obesity on β- (BCM) and α-cell mass (ACM) in the Japanese population. We obtained the pancreases of 99 individuals who underwent pancreatic surgery and whose resected pancreas sample contained adequate normal pancreas for histological analysis. Questionnaires on a family history of diabetes and history of obesity were conducted in 59 patients. Pancreatic sections were stained for insulin or glucagon, and fractional β- and α-cell area were measured. Islet size and density as well as β-cell turnover were also quantified. In patients with diabetes, BCM was decreased by 46% compared with age- and body mass index-matched nondiabetic patients (1.48% ± 1.08% vs 0.80% ± 0.54%, P obesity or history of obesity on BCM and ACM irrespective of the presence or absence of diabetes. There was a negative correlation between BCM, but not ACM, and glycated hemoglobin before and after pancreatic surgery. In addition, reduced BCM was observed in patients with pancreatic cancer compared with those with other pancreatic tumors. These findings suggest that the increase in BCM in the face of insulin resistance is extremely limited in the Japanese, and BCM rather than ACM has a major role in regulating blood glucose level in humans.

  14. Existing general population models inaccurately predict lung cancer risk in patients referred for surgical evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isbell, James M; Deppen, Stephen; Putnam, Joe B; Nesbitt, Jonathan C; Lambright, Eric S; Dawes, Aaron; Massion, Pierre P; Speroff, Theodore; Jones, David R; Grogan, Eric L

    2011-01-01

    Patients undergoing resections for suspicious pulmonary lesions have a 9% to 55% benign rate. Validated prediction models exist to estimate the probability of malignancy in a general population and current practice guidelines recommend their use. We evaluated these models in a surgical population to determine the accuracy of existing models to predict benign or malignant disease. We conducted a retrospective review of our thoracic surgery quality improvement database (2005 to 2008) to identify patients who underwent resection of a pulmonary lesion. Patients were stratified into subgroups based on age, smoking status, and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) results. The probability of malignancy was calculated for each patient using the Mayo and solitary pulmonary nodules prediction models. Receiver operating characteristic and calibration curves were used to measure model performance. A total of 189 patients met selection criteria; 73% were malignant. Patients with preoperative PET scans were divided into four subgroups based on age, smoking history, and nodule PET avidity. Older smokers with PET-avid lesions had a 90% malignancy rate. Patients with PET-nonavid lesions, PET-avid lesions with age less than 50 years, or never smokers of any age had a 62% malignancy rate. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the Mayo and solitary pulmonary nodules models was 0.79 and 0.80, respectively; however, the models were poorly calibrated (p<0.001). Despite improvements in diagnostic and imaging techniques, current general population models do not accurately predict lung cancer among patients referred for surgical evaluation. Prediction models with greater accuracy are needed to identify patients with benign disease to reduce nontherapeutic resections. Copyright © 2011 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. A meta-analysis of the long-term effects of chronic pancreatitis surgical treatments: duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection versus pancreatoduodenectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L(U) Wen-ping; SHI Qing; ZHANG Wen-zhi; CAI Shou-wang; JIANG Kai; DONG Jia-hong

    2013-01-01

    Background Surgery is regarded as the most effective treatment to relieve pain and reduce complications in chronic pancreatitis (CP).Two major strategies exist:duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) and pancreatoduodenectomy (PD).Many studies suggest that DPPHR offers advantages during surgery and in the short-term; however,the long-term effects have not been thoroughly investigated.We analyzed the long-term outcomes of DPPHR and PD,over follow-up times of at least 1 year,to determine the optimal surgical treatment for CP.Methods We systemically reviewed all CP surgical treatment reports,and only included randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing DPPHR and PD,excluding unqualified studies using several pre-specified criteria.When multiple publications of a single trial were found,the most comprehensive current data were selected.Characteristics of the study populations and long-term postoperative outcome parameters were collected.The quality of the studies and data was analyzed using RevMan 4.2 software.Results Five trials were qualified for meta-analysis,with 261 participants in total (114 in the DPPHR group and 147 in the PD group).There were no significant differences in the age,gender,or indications for surgery of each group.At the mean of 5.7-year (1-14 years) follow-up examination,DPPHR and PD resulted in equally effective pain relief,exocrine and endocrine function,and similar mortality rates (P >0.05); however,DPPHR patients had improved global quality of life and weight gain,and reduced diarrhea and fatigue (P <0.05).Conclusion DPPHR and PD result in equal pain relief,mortality,and pancreatic function; however,DPPHR provides superior long-term outcomes.

  16. Managing anxiety in the elective surgical patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pritchard, Michael John

    Patients coming into hospital can suffer a great deal of anxiety--Mathews et al (1981) suggested patients who undergo surgery experience acute psychological distress in the pre-operative period. These fears manifest themselves as uncertainty, loss of control and decreased self-esteem, anticipation of postoperative pain, and fear of separation from family (Egan et al, 1992; Asilioglu and Celik, 2004). As technical advances and improved anaesthetic techniques become available to the NHS, the ability to offer day surgery to a wider patient population is increasing. In fact Bernier et al (2003) and Elliott et al (2003) have suggested that 60% of future operations will be day procedures. This means as health-care professionals, nurses will have shorter time available not only to identify patients who may be experiencing anxiety, but also to offer them the support they need to cope with the surgery. Anxiety can have a profound effect on patients--it affects them in a variety of ways, from ignoring the illness, which could have a serious impact on the patient's life, to the constant demand for attention which can take the nurse away from the care of other patients on the ward (Thomas et al, 1995). Recently, there has been increasing interest in the possible influences of properative anxiety on the course and outcome of surgical procedures and the potential benefits of anxiety-reducing interventions (Markland et al, 1993). Caumo et al (2001) suggested that pre-operative management of a patients anxiety would be improved if health-care professionals had more knowledge about the potential predictors of pre-operative anxiety.

  17. 成人型胆总管囊肿的机器人手术疗效分析%Resection of adult choledochal cysts using robotic surgical system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘斐; 彭承宏; 吴志翀; 金佳斌; 邓侠兴; 詹茜; 陈皓; 沈柏用

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the feasibility, security and efficacy of robot-assisted surgery in resection of adult choledochal cysts. Methods The clinical data of 4 patients with the resection of choledochal cysts and Roux-en-Y hepati-cojejunostomy using robotic surgical system from 2010 to 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. A comparative study was made with 12 patients who underwent open resection of choledochal cysts and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy. Results All the operations were performed successfully both in robotic group without the conversion to laparotomy and in open group. The operation time was (127.5±35.0) (90-170) min with blood loss (25.0±28.9) (0-50) mL. No transfusion was given during and after the operation. The postoperative hospital stay was (11.8±3.9)(8-16) days. The operation time was shorter and the blood loss less in the robotic group than in the open group (P<0.05). No complications was found during the period of follow-up 5-31 months. Conclusions The resection of adult choledochal cysts and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy with robot-assisted surgery is secure and feasible with the advantages of mini-invasive and quick recovery.%目的:探讨成人型胆总管囊肿机器人辅助手术治疗的有效性、安全性及临床疗效。方法:回顾分析2010~2014年间我院应用机器人手术系统治疗4例成人型胆总管囊肿病人,行“胆总管囊肿切除加Roux-en-Y胆肠吻合术”的临床资料,与同期12例开腹手术治疗资料进行对比分析。结果:机器人组手术均获成功,无一例中转开腹。机器人组手术时间(127.5±35.0)(90~170) min,术中出血量(25.0±28.9)(0~50) mL,术中、术后均未输血,术后住院时间(11.8±3.9)(8~16) d。机器人组手术时间及术中出血量均少于开腹组(P<0.05)。随访5~31个月,无特殊症状及其他并发症。结论:应用机器人手术系统行胆总管囊肿切除加Roux-en-Y胆肠吻合术安全、

  18. The Prognostic Significance of pSTAT1 and CD163 Expressions in Surgically Resected Stage 1 Pulmonary Squamous Cell Carcinomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Mong-Wei; Yang, Ching-Yao; Kuo, Shuenn-Wen; Wu, Chen-Tu; Chang, Yih-Leong; Yang, Pan-Chyr

    2016-09-01

    Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play an important role in the initiation, progression, and metastasis of various solid tumors, and can polarize into M1 and M2 phenotypes. This study aimed to investigate whether TAM polarization is associated with clinical outcomes for early-stage pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC). This retrospective study included 97 consecutive patients with stage 1 pulmonary SqCC. Immunohistochemical stains for M1 macrophage marker (pSTAT1) and M2 macrophage marker (CD163) were performed on paraffin-embedded tumors. The correlations of M1 and M2 macrophage expression, clinicopathologic characteristics, and clinical outcomes were analyzed. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 63.2 %, and the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 74.8 %. Positive pSTAT1 expression was noted in 42 patients (43.3 %) and CD163 expression in 26 patients (26.8 %). A statistically significant negative correlation between pSTAT1 and CD163 expression was found (p = 0.015). Univariate analysis showed that extensive surgical resection, incomplete tumor excision, negative pSTAT1 expression, and positive CD163 expression were significantly correlated with both a poor DFS and a poor OS, whereas male gender was significantly correlated with a poor DFS only. Multivariate analysis showed that the pSTAT1/CD163 expression status was the only independent predictor for both DFS (p = 0.023) and OS and (p = 0.004). Markers identifying M1 and M2 macrophages, including pSTAT1 and CD163, can be used as prognostic indicators for patients with stage 1 pulmonary SqCC.

  19. High-resolution computed tomography findings of early mucinous adenocarcinomas and their pathologic characteristics in 22 surgically resected cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyata, Naoko, E-mail: n.miyata@scchr.jp [Division of Thoracic Surgery, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, 1007 Shimonagakubo, Nagaizumi, Sunto-gun, Shizuoka 411-8777 (Japan); Endo, Masahiro [Division of Diagnostic Radiology, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital (Japan); Nakajima, Takashi [Division of Pathology, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital (Japan); Kojima, Hideaki; Maniwa, Tomohiro; Takahashi, Shoji; Isaka, Mitsuhiro [Division of Thoracic Surgery, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, 1007 Shimonagakubo, Nagaizumi, Sunto-gun, Shizuoka 411-8777 (Japan); Kameya, Toru [Division of Pathology, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital (Japan); Ohde, Yasuhisa [Division of Thoracic Surgery, Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital, 1007 Shimonagakubo, Nagaizumi, Sunto-gun, Shizuoka 411-8777 (Japan)

    2015-05-15

    Highlights: • We clinicopathologically reviewed 22 cases of early mucinous adenocarcinoma. • Radiologically, all cases showed solid or part-solid nodules. • Lobular-bounded margins were observed in 7 cases. • The radiological features could be histologically attributed to mucin production. • One-third of the cases were preoperatively misdiagnosed as inflammatory nodules. - Abstract: Background: The pathological criteria of early-stage mucinous adenocarcinoma of the lung have recently been defined; however, its characteristic radiologic imaging findings are still poorly understood. Thus, this study aimed to clarify the radiologic and pathological findings of early-stage mucinous adenocarcinoma. Materials and methods: In this study, we clinicopathologically reviewed 22 cases of surgically resected mucinous adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) and minimal invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA), and attempted to elucidate the characteristic radiologic features of early mucinous adenocarcinomas using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Results: Radiologically, the mean value of the maximum diameter of 22 tumours was 2.1 cm (range, 1.0–2.9 cm). Based on the HRCT findings, the tumours were divided into part-solid ground glass nodules (n = 11) and solid nodules (n = 11). The mean CT attenuation value was 25.7 HU (range, 17–35 HU). All tumours, except 3 tumours pathologically diagnosed as AIS, showed air-containing features. According to the preoperative CT findings, 7 (35%) cases were diagnosed as inflammatory nodules. Of these, 4 cases had lobular-bounded margins, and 3 showed vaguely outlined ground glass shadows. Conclusion: The characteristic HRCT findings of mucinous AIS and MIA were solid or part-solid nodules with air-containing spaces. However, some AIS and MIA nodules showed lobular-bounded margins or marginally vaguely outlined ground glass shadows, and were difficult to differentiate from inflammatory nodules.

  20. Robotic resection of huge presacral tumors: case series and comparison with an open resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Jae Keun; Yang, Moon Sool; Yoon, Do Heum; Rha, Koon Ho; Kim, Keung Nyun; Yi, Seong; Ha, Yoon

    2014-06-01

    Clinical case series and analysis. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of robotic presacral tumor resection compared with conventional open approach. Conventional open approach for huge presacral tumors in the retroperitoneal space often demands excessive hospitalization and poor cosmesis. Furthermore, narrow surgical field sometimes interrupt delicate procedures. Nine patients with huge (diameter >10 cm) presacral tumors underwent surgery. Five patients among them had robotic procedure and the others had open transperitoneal tumor resection. Operation time, blood loss, hospitalization, and complications were analyzed. Robotic presacral tumor resection showed shorter operation time, less bleeding, and shorter hospitalization. Moreover, there was no complication related to abdominal adhesion. Although robotic resection for presacral tumor still has limitations technically and economically, robotic resection for huge presacral tumors demonstrated advantages over open resection specifically for benign neurogenic tumors.

  1. Combined surgical resective and regenerative therapy for advanced peri-implantitis with concomitant soft tissue volume augmentation: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarz, Frank; John, Gordon; Sahm, Narja; Becker, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    This case report presents a 3-year follow-up of the clinical outcomes of a combined surgical therapy for advanced peri-implantitis with concomitant soft tissue volume augmentation using a collagen matrix. One patient suffering from advanced peri-implantitis and a thin mucosal biotype underwent access flap surgery, implantoplasty at buccally and supracrestally exposed implant parts, and augmentation of the intrabony components using a natural bone mineral and a native collagen membrane after surface decontamination. A collagen matrix was applied to the wound area to increase soft tissue volume and support transmucosal healing. The following clinical parameters were recorded over a period of 3 years: bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), mucosal recession (MR), clinical attachment level (CAL), and width of keratinized mucosa (KM). At 36 months, the combined surgical procedure was associated with a clinically important reduction in mean BOP (100%), PD (4.3 ± 0.5 mm), and CAL (4.4 ± 0.4 mm). Site-level analysis of the buccal aspects pointed to an increase in MR (-1.0 ± 0.4 mm) and a decrease in KM (-1.3 ± 0.5 mm) values at 12 months. However, a regain in mucosal height and KM was noted at 24 months, even reaching respective baseline values after 36 months of healing. The presented combined surgical procedure was effective in controlling an advanced peri-implantitis lesion without compromising the overall esthetic outcome in the long term.

  2. Effective surgical treatment of cerebral cavernous malformations: a multicenter study of 79 pediatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hugelshofer, Michael; Acciarri, Nicola; Sure, Ulrich; Georgiadis, Dimitrios; Baumgartner, Ralf W; Bertalanffy, Helmut; Siegel, Adrian M

    2011-11-01

    Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are common vascular lesions in the brain, affecting approximately 0.5% of the population and representing 10%-20% of all cerebral vascular lesions. One-quarter of all CCMs affect pediatric patients, and CCMs are reported as one of the main causes of brain hemorrhage in this age group. Symptoms include epileptic seizures, headache, and focal neurological deficits. Patients with symptomatic CCMs can be treated either conservatively or with resection if lesions cause medically refractory epilepsy or other persistent symptoms. The authors retrospectively analyzed 79 pediatric patients (41 boys and 38 girls) from 3 different centers, who were surgically treated for their symptomatic CCMs between 1974 and 2004. The mean age of the children at first manifestation was 9.7 years, and the mean age at operation was 11.3 years. The main goal was to compare the clinical outcomes with respect to the location of the lesion of children who preoperatively suffered from epileptic seizures. Of these patients, 77.3% were seizure free (Engel Class I) after the resection of the CCM. Significant differences in the outcome between children who harbored CCMs at different locations were not found. Resection seems to be the favorable treatment of symptomatic CCMs not only in adults but also in children.

  3. Determinants of long-term outcome in patients undergoing simultaneous resection of synchronous colorectal liver metastases.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qi Lin

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: It remains unclear which patients can benefit from simultaneous resection of synchronous colorectal liver metastases (SCRLMs. This study aimed to examine the prognostic value of patient- and tumor-related factors in predicting long-term outcomes of patients undergoing simultaneous resection of SCRLMs and to help patients select a suitable therapeutic regimen and proper surveillance. METHODS: Clinicopathological and outcome data of 154 consecutive SCRLM patients who underwent simultaneous resection between July 2003 and July 2013 were collected from our prospectively established SCRLM data and analyzed with univariate and multivariate methods, and the prognostic index (PI was formulated based on the regression coefficients (β of the Cox model. The patients were classified into high- and low-risk groups according to the PI value; the cut-off point was the third quartile. RESULTS: The 5-year overall survival rate was 46%, and the 5-year disease-free survival rate was 35%. Five factors were found to be independent predictors of poor overall survival (OS by multivariate analysis: positive lymph node status, vascular invasion, BRAF mutation, the distribution of bilobar liver metastases (LMs and non-R0 resection of LMs. Compared to low PI (≤5.978, high PI (>5.978 was highly predictive of shorter OS. Three factors were found to be independent predictors of poor disease-free survival (DFS by multivariate analysis: tumor deposits, BRAF mutation and bilobar LM distribution. We also determined the PI for DFS. Compared to low PI (≤2.945, high PI (>2.945 was highly predictive of shorter DFS. CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous resection of SCRLM may lead to various long-term outcomes. Patients with low PI have longer OS and DFS, while those with high PI have shorter OS and DFS. Thus, patients with high PI may receive more aggressive treatment and intensive surveillance, This model needs further validation.

  4. Preoperative Chemoradiation Therapy in Combination With Panitumumab for Patients With Resectable Esophageal Cancer: The PACT Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kordes, Sil, E-mail: s.kordes@amc.uva.nl [Department of Medical Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Berge Henegouwen, Mark I. van [Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Hulshof, Maarten C. [Department of Radiotherapy, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Bergman, Jacques J.G.H.M. [Department of Gastroenterology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Vliet, Hans J. van der [Department of Medical Oncology, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kapiteijn, Ellen [Department of Medical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands); Laarhoven, Hanneke W.M. van; Richel, Dick J. [Department of Medical Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Klinkenbijl, Jean H.G. [Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Meijer, Sybren L. [Department of Pathology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Wilmink, Johanna W. [Department of Medical Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2014-09-01

    Purpose: Preoperative chemoradiation therapy (CRT) has become the standard treatment strategy for patients with resectable esophageal cancer. This multicenter phase 2 study investigated the efficacy of the addition of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor panitumumab to a preoperative CRT regimen with carboplatin, paclitaxel, and radiation therapy in patients with resectable esophageal cancer. Methods and Materials: Patients with resectable cT1N1M0 or cT2-3N0 to -2M0 tumors received preoperative CRT consisting of panitumumab (6 mg/kg) on days 1, 15, and 29, weekly administrations of carboplatin (area under the curve [AUC] = 2), and paclitaxel (50 mg/m{sup 2}) for 5 weeks and concurrent radiation therapy (41.4 Gy in 23 fractions, 5 days per week), followed by surgery. Primary endpoint was pathologic complete response (pCR) rate. We aimed at a pCR rate of more than 40%. Furthermore, we explored the predictive value of biomarkers (EGFR, HER 2, and P53) for pCR. Results: From January 2010 until December 2011, 90 patients were enrolled. Patients were diagnosed predominantly with adenocarcinoma (AC) (80%), T3 disease (89%), and were node positive (81%). Three patients were not resected due to progressive disease. The primary aim was unmet, with a pCR rate of 22%. Patients with AC and squamous cell carcinoma reached a pCR of 14% and 47%, respectively. R0 resection was achieved in 95% of the patients. Main grade 3 toxicities were rash (12%), fatigue (11%), and nonfebrile neutropenia (11%). None of the biomarkers was predictive for response. Conclusions: The addition of panitumumab to CRT with carboplatin and paclitaxel was safe and well tolerated but could not improve pCR rate to the preset criterion of 40%.

  5. Tratamiento combinado de los queloides mediante cirugía y braquiterapia Treatment of queloids with surgical resection and brachytherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Bisbal

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento de los queloides mediante resección quirúrgica y radioterapia inmediata posterior. La radioterapia transforma el queloide en un tejido hipocelular, hipovascular e hipóxico, impidiendo la excesiva migración de fibroblastos. Si se administra la dosis adecuada de radiación, se consigue un equilibrio entre la formación de cicatriz y la proliferación excesiva de tejido, evitando la formación de queloide, sin impedir la cicatrización normal. Nuestro protocolo se divide en dos fases: la primera consiste en la exéresis del queloide mediante una incisión que sigue el trayecto del mismo, con un cuidadoso cierre en dos planos siendo siempre el superficial una sutura intradérmica. La segunda fase será la radioterapia, con dos modalidades posibles de tratamiento: 1- Braquiterapia (tratamiento a corta distancia, requiere la colocación de un catéter bajo la sutura, a través del cual se introduce una fuente radiactiva, normalmente Ir192. Se emplea especialmente en heridas longitudinales. 2- Radioterapia externa con electrones de baja energía. Se emplea en heridas complejas o extensas. Generalmente, dosis de 20 Gy. en 4 fracciones de 500 cGy, ofrecen excelentes resultados con mínimas secuelas o efectos secundarios. El volumen blanco debe incluir la herida quirúrgica más un margen de 4 mm. alrededor de ella. Con este procedimiento, hemos observado unos excelentes resultados, con un índice de recidivas inferior al 4%, y una mejora en los síntomas clínicos en el 100% de los casos. Como efectos secundarios observamos telangiectasias (15,4 % o cambios en la pigmentación cutánea (5,9%.We present our experience in treatment of keloid scars with surgical resection and immediately postoperative radiotherapy. Radiotherapy changes keloid into an hypocellular, hypovascular and hypotoxic tissue, avoiding the excessive migration of fibroblasts. If the suitable dose of radiation is delivered, balance

  6. Helicobacter pyloriin gastric corpus of patients 20 years after partial gastric resection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Christian Kirsch; Ahmed Madisch; Petja Piehler; Ekkehard Bayerd(o)rffer; Manfred Stolte; Stephan Miehlke

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To determine the long-term prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) gastritis in patients after partial gastric resection due to peptic ulcer, and to compare the severity of H pylori-positive gastritis in the corpus mucosa between partial gastrectomy patients and matched controls.METHODS: Endoscopic biopsies were obtained from 57 patients after partial gastric resection for histological examination using hematoxylin/eosin and Warthin-Starry staining. Gastritis was graded according to the updated Sydney system. Severity of corpus gastritis was compared between H pylori-positive partial gastrectomy patients and H pylori-positive duodenal ulcer patients matched for age and gender.RESULTS: In partial gastrectomy patients, surgery was performed 20 years (median) prior to evaluation. In 25 patients (43.8%) H pylori was detected histologically in the gastric remnant. Gastric atrophy was more common in H pylori-positive compared to H pylori-negative partial gastrectomy patients (P<0.05). The severity of corpus gastritis was significantly lower in H pylori-positive partial gastrectomy patients compared to duodenal ulcer patients (P<0.01). There were no significant differences in the activity of gastritis, atrophy and intestinal metaplasia between the two groups.CONCLUSION: The long-term prevalence of H pylorigastritis in the gastric corpus of patients who underwent partial gastric resection due to peptic ulcer disease is comparable to the general population. The expression of H pylori gastritis in the gastric remnant does not resemble the gastric cancer phenotype.

  7. Prognostic value of medulloblastoma extent of resection after accounting for molecular subgroup: A retrospective integrated clinical and molecular analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.M. Thompson (Eric M.); T. Hielscher (Thomas); E. Bouffet (Eric); M. Remke (Marc); P. Luu (Phan); S. Gururangan (Sridharan); R.E. McLendon (Roger E.); D.D. Bigner (Darell); E.S. Lipp (Eric S.); S. Perreault (Sebastien); Y.-J. Cho (Yoon-Jae); G. Grant (Gerald); S.-K. Kim (Seung-Ki); J.Y. Lee (Ji Yeoun); A.A.N. Rao (Amulya A. Nageswara); C. Giannini (Caterina); K.K.W. Li (Kay Ka Wai); H.-K. Ng (Ho-Keung); Y. Yao (Yu); T. Kumabe (Toshihiro); T. Tominaga (Teiji); W.A. Grajkowska (Wieslawa); M. Perek-Polnik (Marta); D.C.Y. Low (David C.Y.); W.T. Seow (Wan Tew); K.T.E. Chang (Kenneth T.E.); J. Mora (Jaume); A. Pollack (Aaron); R.L. Hamilton (Ronald L.); S. Leary (Sarah); A.S. Moore (Andrew S.); W.J. Ingram (Wendy J.); A.R. Hallahan (Andrew R.); A. Jouvet (Anne); M. Fèvre-Montange (Michelle); A. Vasiljevic (Alexandre); C. Faure-Conter (Cecile); T. Shofuda (Tomoko); N. Kagawa (Naoki); N. Hashimoto (Naoya); N. Jabado (Nada); A.G. Weil (Alexander G.); T. Gayden (Tenzin); T. Wataya (Takafumi); T. Shalaby (Tarek); M. Grotzer (Michael); K. Zitterbart (Karel); J. Sterba; L. Kren (Leos); T. Hortobágyi (Tibor); A. Klekner (Almos); L. Bognár (László); T. Pócza (Tímea); P. Hauser (Peter); U. Schüller (Ulrich); S. Jung (Shin); W.-Y. Jang (Woo-Youl); P.J. French (Pim); J.M. Kros (Johan); M.L.C. van Veelen (Marie-Lise); L. Massimi (Luca); J.R. Leonard (Jeffrey); J.B. Rubin (Joshua); R. Vibhakar (Rajeev); L.B. Chambless (Lola B.); M.K. Cooper (Michael); R.C. Thompson (Reid); R. Faria (Rui); A. Carvalho (Alice); S. Nunes (Sofia); J. Pimentel; X. Fan (Xing); K.M. Muraszko (Karin); E. López-Aguilar (Enrique); D. Lyden (David); L. Garzia (Livia); D.J.H. Shih (David J.); N. Kijima (Noriyuki); C. Schneider (Christian); J. Adamski (Jennifer); P.A. Northcott (Paul A.); M. Kool (Marcel); D. Jones (David); J.A. Chan (Jennifer A.); A. Nikolic (Ana); M.L. Garre (Maria Luisa); E.G. Van Meir (Erwin G.); S. Osuka (Satoru); J.J. Olson (Jeffrey J.); A. Jahangiri (Arman); B.A. Castro (Brandyn A.); N. Gupta (Nalin); W.A. Weiss (William A.); I. Moxon-Emre (Iska); D.J. Mabbott (Donald J.); A. Lassaletta (Alvaro); C.E. Hawkins (Cynthia); U. Tabori (Uri); J. Drake (James); A. Kulkarni (Abhaya); M. Dirks (Maaike); J.T. Rutka (James); A. Korshunov (Andrey); S.M. Pfister (Stefan); R.J. Packer (Roger J.); E.A. Ramaswamy; M.D. Taylor (Michael)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Patients with incomplete surgical resection of medulloblastoma are controversially regarded as having a marker of high-risk disease, which leads to patients undergoing aggressive surgical resections, so-called second-look surgeries, and intensified chemoradiotherapy. All prev

  8. Prognostic value of medulloblastoma extent of resection after accounting for molecular subgroup: A retrospective integrated clinical and molecular analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.M. Thompson (Eric M.); T. Hielscher (Thomas); E. Bouffet (Eric); M. Remke (Marc); P. Luu (Phan); S. Gururangan (Sridharan); R.E. McLendon (Roger E.); D.D. Bigner (Darell); E.S. Lipp (Eric S.); S. Perreault (Sebastien); Y.-J. Cho (Yoon-Jae); G. Grant (Gerald); S.-K. Kim (Se