WorldWideScience

Sample records for surgical patients evacuated

  1. Emergent interfacility evacuation of critical care patients in combat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franco, Yvonne E; De Lorenzo, Robert A; Salyer, Steven W

    2012-01-01

    During the Second Iraq War (Operation Iraqi Freedom), high-intensity, low-utilization medical and surgical services, such as neurosurgical care, were consolidated into a centralized location within the combat zone. This arrangement necessitated intra-theater air medical evacuation of critically ill or injured patients from outlying combat support hospitals (CSH) to another combat zone facility having the needed services. A case series is presented of intratheater transfer of neurosurgical patients in Iraq during 2005-06. Ninety-eight patients are included in the series, with typical transfer distances of 40 miles (approximately 20-25 minutes of flight time). All patients were transported with a CSH nurse in addition to the standard Army EMT-B flight medic. Seventy-six percent of cases were battle injury, 17% were non-battle injuries, and the balance were classified as non-injury mechanisms. Seventy-six percent of cases were head injuries, with the balance involving burns, stroke, and other injuries. At 30 days, 12% of the patients had died, and 9% remained hospitalized in a critical care setting. None of the patients died during evacuation. Intratheater and interfacility transfer of critical care patients in the combat theater often involves severely head-injured and other neurosurgical cases. Current Army staffing for helicopter transport in these case requires a nurse or other advanced personnel to supplement the standard EMT-B flight medic. Copyright © 2012 Air Medical Journal Associates. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Surgical evacuation of neonatal intracranial hemorrhage due to vitamin K deficiency bleeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zidan, Ashraf Shaker; Abdel-Hady, Hesham

    2011-03-01

    , the PT was 72.1 ± 45.0 seconds and the PTT was 112.4 ± 57.6 seconds. Six to 12 hours after administration of vitamin K, the PT was 14.6 ± 1.6 seconds and the PTT was 34.4 ± 1.0 seconds. All patients underwent surgery for evacuation of the ICH after correction of PT, prothrombin activity, and international normalized ratio. Evacuation of the ICH was done by either free or osteoblastic bone flap. Six patients (18.8%) died, and the other 26 patients had variable degrees of morbidity during the follow-up period (3-24 months). Vitamin K deficiency bleeding, especially the late-onset form, is an important cause of neonatal ICH. In the present study, the most frequent form of ICH in neonates was SDH. Focal seizures, disturbed consciousness level, tense anterior fontanel, unexplained anemia, and respiratory distress were the major presenting signs. Despite early surgical evacuation, these cases are associated with high mortality rate and neurological disabilities. Vitamin K prophylaxis at birth may reduce these severe complications.

  3. Oral misoprostol in the prevention of uterine bleeding after surgical evacuation of first trimester abortion: a comparative study of three uterotonic agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aramide, T M; Olusegun, A K; Akinfolarin, A C; Oriola, D F

    2014-01-01

    This comparative study was aimed at determining the effectiveness of oral Misoprostol compared with intravenous Ergometrine and intravenous Oxytocin in reducing vaginal bleeding following surgical evacuation for first trimester abortions. This was a single-blind placebo-controlled study in which patients with first trimester uncomplicated abortions were divided into three groups using computer-generated randomization table. The first group was administered oral Misoprostol, the second group had intravenous Ergometrine, and the third group was administered intravenous Oxytocin. The uterotonic agents were administered before the surgical evacuation was carried out. There was statistically significant reduction in blood loss after the evacuation in the Misoprostol group ( P Misoprostol group (2.00 ± 0.86) compared with 4.43 ± 0.92 and 4.64 ± 1.06 days in the Ergometrine and Oxytocin groups, respectively ( P Misoprostol and Ergometrine groups (60.7% and 57.1%, respectively) compared with the Oxytocin group. Oral Misoprostol appeared to demonstrate superior efficacy in reducing uterine bleeding after surgical evacuation, compared to the other commonly used uterotonic agents.

  4. "In flight catering": feeding critical care patients during aeromedical evacuation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, S; Ruth, M J; Bruce, D L

    2008-12-01

    The benefits of early enteral nutrition are well recognised but may be incompatible with CCAST evacuation due to the risk of micro-aspiration predisposing to pneumonia. A study has been approved by the Surgeon Generals Research Strategy Group designed to quantify the risks of microaspiration during CCAST flights in order to inform DMA policy with regard to feeding critically ill casualties during flight.

  5. Routine ultrasound guided evacuation of first trimester missed abortion versus blind evacuation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Abdulla Elsayed

    2014-09-01

    Conclusions: Surgical evacuation under sonographic guidance is recommended because there are significant cases with missed abortion which can be incompletely evacuated without the use of the ultrasound guidance.

  6. The added value of mifepristone to non-surgical treatment regimens for uterine evacuation in case of early pregnancy failure: a systematic review of the literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, J. van den; Gordon, B.B.; Snijders, M.P.M.L.; Vandenbussche, F.P.H.A.; Coppus, S.F.P.J.

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE(S): Early pregnancy failure (EPF) is a common complication of pregnancy. Surgical intervention carries a risk of complications and, therefore, medical treatment appears to be a safe alternative. Unfortunately, the current medical treatment with misoprostol alone has complete evacuation rat

  7. Time matters: post-surgical recovery of gastric evacuation rate in Atlantic cod

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Behrens, Jane; Gräns, Albin; Andersen, Niels Gerner;

    GER was affected after surgically introducing dummies of a blood-flow biotelemetry system into the abdominal cavity of Atlantic cod. Two days post surgery the cod with implants were, together with a control group, force-fed a standardized meal and the stomach contents recovered 24h later....... This procedure was repeated for both groups of fish after one additional week of recovery. After two days GER was significantly lower in the group of fish with surgical implants compared to the control group, but the difference was not maintained after one additional week of recovery. We conclude that 10 days...... of postsurgical recovery will stabilize GER in cod. The results indicate that the presence of the implant per se did not affect GER but that the effects observed came from surgery and/or postsurgical stress. 10 days should consequently be a starting point for future studies even if longer recovery periods...

  8. MALNUTRITION IN THE SURGICAL PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andonovska Biljana J.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The term 'malnutrition' is a broad term used to describe any imbalance in the diet. In 2009 it was confirmed that malnutrition is an urgent health problem. The reasons for which malnutrition may develop are different. Loss on cellular, physical and physiological level happens as a consequence of malnutrition. Studies show that in surgical practice there is malnutrition in 50% of patients and that there is an association between inadequate nutritional status and surgical result. It leads to prolonged treatment, increasing of the level of morbidity and mortality, increased hospital costs, etc. Sometimes malnutrition is unrecognised, untreated and worsened in hospitals. For this reason this paper will elaborate: nutrition and a surgical patient, assessment of a nutritional status, assessment of energy requirements, and enteral and parenteral nutrition in order to determine the conditions and procedures that affect the appearance, recognition and treatment of malnutrition.

  9. Delayed Intraparenchymal and Intraventricular Hemorrhage Requiring Surgical Evacuation after MRI-Guided Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy for Lesional Epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, Sean M; Tomycz, Luke; George, Timothy; Clarke, Dave F; Lee, Mark

    2017-01-01

    Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage is a rare complication of laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT). To present a unique case of delayed symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurring after a LITT procedure for epilepsy in a high-volume center (68 LITT procedures for pediatric epilepsy have been performed). An 18-year-old male with epilepsy underwent LITT to an area of heterotopia near the right lateral ventricle. He did well initially and was discharged home on postoperative day 1 but returned on postoperative day 9 with headache and left hemiparesis. He was found to have intraparenchymal and intraventricular hemorrhage in the region of the LITT catheter tract. CT angiography on admission revealed a small vascular abnormality near the focus of hemorrhage suspicious for pseudoaneurysm, although conventional angiography was negative. The patient declined neurologically and underwent craniotomy and hemorrhage evacuation. He eventually convalesced and was discharged to inpatient rehabilitation with persistent left hemiparesis. He has been seizure free since the intervention but remains on antiepileptic drugs. Evidence from the literature suggests that the pathophysiology of symptomatic hemorrhage after LITT may be related to vascular injury and pseudoaneurysm formation from LITT catheter placement and/or thermal injury from the ablation itself. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  10. Surgical intervention in patients with necrotizing pancreatitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Besselink, MG; de Bruijn, MT; Rutten, JP; Boermeester, MA; Hofker, HS; Gooszen, HG

    2006-01-01

    Background: This study evaluated the various surgical strategies for treatment of (suspected) infected necrotizing pancreatitis (INP) and patient referrals for this condition in the Netherlands. Methods: This retrospective study included all 106 consecutive patients who had surgical treatment for IN

  11. Patient hand hygiene practices in surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardizzone, Laura L; Smolowitz, Janice; Kline, Nancy; Thom, Bridgette; Larson, Elaine L

    2013-06-01

    Little is known about the hand hygiene practices of surgical patients. Most of the research has been directed at the health care worker, and this may discount the role that hand hygiene of the surgical patient might play in surgical site infections. A quasiexperimental, pretest/post-test study was conducted in which patients (n = 72) and nurses (n = 42) were interviewed to examine perceptions and knowledge about patient hand hygiene. Concurrently, observations were conducted to determine whether surgical patients were offered assistance by the nursing staff. Following an initial observation period, nursing staff received an educational session regarding general hand hygiene information and observation results. One month after the education session, patient/nurse dyads were observed for an additional 6 weeks to determine the impact of the educational intervention. Eighty observations, 72 patient interviews, and 42 nurse interviews were completed preintervention, and 83 observations were completed postintervention. In response to the survey, more than half of patients (n = 41, 55%) reported that they were not offered the opportunity to clean their hands, but a majority of the nursing staff reported (n = 25, 60%) that they offered patients the opportunity to clean their hands. Prior to the educational intervention, nursing staff assisted patients in 14 of 81 hand hygiene opportunities. Following the intervention, nursing staff assisted patients 37 out of 83 opportunities (17.3% vs 44.6%, respectively, [χ(2)1 = 13.008, P = .0003]). This study suggests that efforts to increase hand hygiene should be directed toward patients as well as health care workers. Copyright © 2013 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Comparative study between vaginal isosorbide mononitrate and misoprostol for induction of cervical ripening prior to surgical evacuation of first trimester embryonic demise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amrit Pal Kaur Dhillon

    2015-04-01

    Methods: This is a prospective, randomized, double blind controlled trial conducted at tertiary level teaching hospital. 50 women with first trimester embryonic demise with closed cervix requiring suction evacuation were divided randomly into two groups of 25 women each. In group A, tab. isosorbide mononitrate 80 mg and in group B, tab. misoprostol 400 and micro;g was applied vaginally. Both the drugs were repeated every three hourly up to a maximum of four doses or until reaching cervical dilation of 8 mm. Cervical dilatation was assessed at baseline and every three hours after each dose. A set of questionnaire was used for the appearance of side effects. Once 8 mm cervical dilatation achieved, suction evacuation was done. Total volume of blood lost at suction evacuation was measured. Results: Frequency of doses, induction to ripening interval and intra operative blood loss was significantly higher with isosorbide mononitrate as compared to misoprostol. Headache and palpitation were main side effects of isosorbide mononitrate. The percentages of successful and failed inductions were comparable in both the groups. Conclusions: Misoprostol is better cervical dilator prior to suction evacuation in first trimester embryonic demise with minimal side effects which are acceptable to the patient. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(2.000: 398-401

  13. Effect of biofeedback therapy on anorectal physiological parameters among patients with fecal evacuation disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Abhai; Misra, Asha; Ghoshal, Uday C

    2017-03-01

    Though biofeedback therapy is often effective in patients with fecal evacuation disorder (FED), a common cause of chronic constipation (CC) in tertiary practice, data on anorectal physiological parameters following it are scanty. Consecutive patients with FED with CC diagnosed by abnormalities in at least two of the three tests (anorectal manometry, defecography, and balloon expulsion test [BET]) undergoing biofeedback (two sessions per day, 30 min each, for 2 weeks) during a 3-year period were analyzed. Clinical evaluation, anorectal manometry (ARM), and BET were performed at the beginning and after biofeedback. Incomplete evacuation 42/43 (98%), straining 40/43 (93%), and feeling of outlet obstruction 35/43 (81%) were the most common symptoms among these 43 patients (median age 44 years, range 18-76, 30 [71%] male). All the three tests (defecography, BET, and ARM) were abnormal in 17 (40%) patients and the others had two abnormal tests. Improvement in physiological parameters was noted following biofeedback (median residual anal pressure during defecation 99 mmHg (range 52-148) vs. 78 mmHg (37-182), p = 0.03; maximum intra-rectal pressure 60 mmHg (90-110) vs. 76 mmHg (31-178); p = 0.01; defecation index 1.1 (0.1-23.0) vs. 3.2 (0.5-29.0); p = 0.001). Dyssynergia on ARM and BET got corrected in 22/34 (65%) and 18/30 (60%) patients. At a 1-month follow up, 23/37 (62%) patients reported satisfactory symptomatic improvement. Biofeedback not only improves symptoms but also anorectal physiological parameters in patients with FED.

  14. Peculiarities of Intestine Motor-Evacuation Function in Patients with Various Forms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.A. Nagieva

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available To assess motor and evacuation function of gastrointestinal tract in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS several methods can be used. Our aim was to study colonic motility in patients with different variants of IBS using dynamic scintigraphy. Materials and methods. 107 patients with IBS by Rome III criteria (2006 were enrolled. All patients were divided into 4 groups: I group — IBS with constipation (36/107, 33.6 %, II group — IBS with diarrhea (35/107, 32.7 %, III group — unspecified IBS (22/107, 20.7 %, IV group — mixed IBS (14/107, 13.0 %. Dynamic scintigraphy was done using scintillation gamma-room OFECT‑1 and EBM. Medium activity of radiopharmaceutical was taken at a rate of 10 MBq/kg body weight of the patient. Results. The results showed that in case of the IBS with constipation the passage of radiopharmaceutical decreased (increased radioactivity in the abdomen (> 60 % and asymmetry of the right and left parts of the bowel is 2 5 %, p 0.05. Conclusion. Using dynamic scintigraphy we found expressed slowing of the passage of radiopharmaceutical in IBS patients with constipation (p < 0.05, while in case of IBS with diarrhea the speed of radiopharmaceutical evacuation was increased (p < 0.05. In a case of other variants of IBS no statistically significant changes were detected.

  15. Effects of art on surgical patients

    OpenAIRE

    Vetter, Diana; Barth, Jürgen; Uyulmaz, Sema; Uyulmaz, Semra; Vonlanthen, René; Belli, Giulio; Montorsi, Marco; Bismuth, Henri; Claudia M. Witt; Clavien, Pierre-Alain

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of art including ambient features such as music, interior design including visual art, and architectural features on health outcomes in surgical patients. Background: Healing environments can have a positive influence on many patients, but data focusing on art in surgical patients remain scarce. Methods: We conducted a systematic search following the PRISMA guidelines from January 2000 to October 2014 on art in surgical patients....

  16. 颈椎损伤患者的后送体会1例%Evacuations of patients with cervical spine injuries: 1 case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐彭杰; 徐朝霞

    2013-01-01

    To discuss the experience of evacuation of the cervical vertebra bone fracture patient in Lushan earthquake,and to discuss the evacuation treatment of cervical fracture.In order to gain a valuable treatment time for more patients and to reflect a first aid personnel value,we must grasp the training in peacetime and grasp various first-aid techniques.

  17. Neurological and functional outcomes of subdural hematoma evacuation in patients over 70 years of age

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    Patrick Mulligan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Subdural hematoma (SDH is a common disease entity treated by neurosurgical intervention. Although the incidence increases in the elderly population, there is a paucity of studies examining their surgical outcomes. Objectives: To determine the neurological and functional outcomes of patients over 70 years of age undergoing surgical decompression for subdural hematoma. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data on 45 patients above 70 years who underwent craniotomy or burr holes for acute, chronic or mixed subdural hematomas. We analyzed both neurological and functional status before and after surgery. Results: Forty-five patients 70 years of age or older were treated in our department during the study period. There was a significant improvement in the neurological status of patients from admission to follow up as assessed using the Markwalder grading scale (1.98 vs. 1.39; P =0.005, yet no improvement in functional outcome was observed as assessed by Glasgow Outcome Score. Forty-one patients were admitted from home, however only 20 patients (44% were discharged home, 16 (36% discharged to nursing home or rehab, 6 (13% to hospice and 3 (7% died in the postoperative period. Neurological function improved in patients who were older, had a worse pre-operative neurological status, were on anticoagulation and had chronic or mixed acute and chronic hematoma. However, no improvement in functional status was observed. Conclusion: Surgical management of SDH in patients over 70 years of age provides significant improvement in neurological status, but does not change functional status.

  18. Relationship between patient complaints and surgical complications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murff, H J; France, D J; Blackford, J; Grogan, E L; Yu, C; Speroff, T; Pichert, J W; Hickson, G B

    2006-01-01

    Background Patient complaints are associated with increased malpractice risk but it is unclear if complaints might be associated with medical complications. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an association exists between patient complaints and surgical complications. Methods A retrospective analysis of 16 713 surgical admissions was conducted over a 54 month period at a single academic medical center. Surgical complications were identified using administrative data. The primary outcome measure was unsolicited patient complaints. Results During the study period 0.9% of surgical admissions were associated with a patient complaint. 19% of admissions associated with a patient complaint included a postoperative complication compared with 12.5% of admissions without a patient complaint (p = 0.01). After adjusting for surgical specialty, co‐morbid illnesses and length of stay, admissions with complications had an odds ratio of 1.74 (95% confidence interval 1.01 to 2.98) of being associated with a complaint compared with admissions without complications. Conclusions Admissions with surgical complications are more likely to be associated with a complaint than surgical admissions without complications. Further research is necessary to determine if patient complaints might serve as markers for poor clinical outcomes. PMID:16456204

  19. Quality of pharmaceutical care in surgical patients.

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    Monica de Boer

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Surgical patients are at risk for preventable adverse drug events (ADEs during hospitalization. Usually, preventable ADEs are measured as an outcome parameter of quality of pharmaceutical care. However, process measures such as QIs are more efficient to assess the quality of care and provide more information about potential quality improvements. OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of pharmaceutical care of medication-related processes in surgical wards with quality indicators, in order to detect targets for quality improvements. METHODS: For this observational cohort study, quality indicators were composed, validated, tested, and applied on a surgical cohort. Three surgical wards of an academic hospital in the Netherlands (Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam participated. Consecutive elective surgical patients with a hospital stay longer than 48 hours were included from April until June 2009. To assess the quality of pharmaceutical care, the set of quality indicators was applied to 252 medical records of surgical patients. RESULTS: Thirty-four quality indicators were composed and tested on acceptability and content- and face-validity. The selected 28 candidate quality indicators were tested for feasibility and 'sensitivity to change'. This resulted in a final set of 27 quality indicators, of which inter-rater agreements were calculated (kappa 0.92 for eligibility, 0.74 for pass-rate. The quality of pharmaceutical care was assessed in 252 surgical patients. Nearly half of the surgical patients passed the quality indicators for pharmaceutical care (overall pass rate 49.8%. Improvements should be predominantly targeted to medication care related processes in surgical patients with gastro-intestinal problems (domain pass rate 29.4%. CONCLUSIONS: This quality indicator set can be used to measure quality of pharmaceutical care and detect targets for quality improvements. With these results medication safety in surgical patients can be enhanced.

  20. Intraoperative contralateral extradural hematoma during evacuation of traumatic acute extradural hematoma

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    Sharma Anand

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Extradural hematomas (EDHs accounts for approximately 2% of patients following head trauma and 5-15% of patients with fatal head injuries. When indicated, the standard surgical management consists of evacuation of the hematoma via craniotomy. Intraoperative development of acute extradural hematoma (AEDH on the contralateral side following evacuation of acute extradural hematoma is uncommon and very few cases have been reported.

  1. A comparative study of misoprostol versus surgical management of incomplete and missed miscarriage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Verma

    2016-11-01

    Conclusions: Misoprostol is effective in complete evacuation of uterus in incomplete and missed miscarriage. Patients are highly satisfied with the misoprostol treatment as they didn't have to get hospitalized. The bleeding was more or less like menstrual bleeding which did not affect the daily chores of the women. It is as effective as surgical evacuation and patient satisfaction is much more than the surgical evacuation. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(11.000: 3654-3658

  2. Perfecting patient flow in the surgical setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amato-Vealey, Elaine J; Fountain, Patricia; Coppola, Deborah

    2012-07-01

    Reduced surgical efficiency and productivity, delayed patient discharges, and prolonged use of hospital resources are the results of an OR that is unable to move patients to the postanesthesia care unit or other patient units. A primary reason for perioperative patient flow delay is the lack of hospital beds to accommodate surgical patients, which consequently causes backups of patients currently in the surgical suite. In one facility, implementing Six Sigma methodology helped to improve OR patient flow by identifying ways that frontline staff members could work more intelligently and more efficiently, and with less stress to streamline workflow and eliminate redundancy and waste in ways that did not necessitate reducing the number of employees. The results were improved employee morale, job satisfaction and safety, and an enhanced patient experience.

  3. Improved patient selection by stratified surgical intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Miao; Bünger, Cody E; Li, Haisheng

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Choosing the best surgical treatment for patients with spinal metastases remains a significant challenge for spine surgeons. There is currently no gold standard for surgical treatments. The Aarhus Spinal Metastases Algorithm (ASMA) was established to help surgeons choose...... of the spinal metastases. This algorithm could help spine surgeons to discriminate the risks of surgeries. The ASMA provides a tool to guild surgeons to evaluate the spinal metastases patients, select potential optimal surgery, and avoid life-threatening risks....

  4. Central Dental Evacuation Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-01

    20 High-Vacuum Oral Evacuation System (HIVAC) for Oral Surgery, Periodontics, and Endodontics Treatment Rooms..................... 20...handpiece. Inlets to this system are required throughout the dental facility for all disciplines of patient treatment where coolant and irrigation liquids...System (HIVAC) for Oral Surgery, Periodontics, and Endodontics Treatment Rooms The HIVAC system is designed to build and sustain high vacuum pressures

  5. Nutritional supplements in the surgical patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stohs, Sidney J; Dudrick, Stanley J

    2011-08-01

    This article presents an overview of the current knowledge, status, and use of supplements by patients before surgical operations, together with the benefits expected of the supplements by the patients. The indications, potential advantages and disadvantages, and the relationships with various aspects of the preoperative preparation and postoperative management of surgical patients are discussed, with emphasis on the significant percentage of this population that is deficient in fundamental nutrients. Recent revisions and recommendations for some of the macronutrients are presented, together with a summary of federal regulations and an oversight of supplements.

  6. MisoREST : surgical versus expectant management in women with an incomplete evacuation of the uterus after misoprostol treatment for miscarriage: a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemmers, M.; Verschoor, M. A. C.; Rengerink, K. Oude; Naaktgeboren, C.; Opmeer, B. C.; Bossuyt, P. M.; Huirne, J. A. F.; Janssen, C. A. H.; Radder, C.; Klinkert, E. R.; Langenveld, J.; Catshoek, R.; Van der Voet, L.; Siemens, F.; Geomini, P.; Van Hooff, M. H.; Van der Ploeg, J. M.; Coppus, S. F. P. J.; Ankum, W. M.; Mol, B. W. J.

    2016-01-01

    Is curettage more effective than expectant management in case of an incomplete evacuation after misoprostol treatment for first trimester miscarriage? Curettage leads to a higher chance of complete evacuation but expectant management is successful in at least 76% of women with an incomplete evacuati

  7. MisoREST : surgical versus expectant management in women with an incomplete evacuation of the uterus after misoprostol treatment for miscarriage: a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemmers, M; Verschoor, M A C; Oude Rengerink, K; Naaktgeboren, C; Opmeer, B C; Bossuyt, P M; Huirne, J A F; Janssen, C A H; Radder, C; Klinkert, E R; Langenveld, J; Catshoek, R; Van der Voet, L; Siemens, F; Geomini, P; Van Hooff, M H; Van der Ploeg, J M; Coppus, S F P J; Ankum, W M; Mol, B W J

    2016-01-01

    STUDY QUESTION: Is curettage more effective than expectant management in case of an incomplete evacuation after misoprostol treatment for first trimester miscarriage? SUMMARY ANSWER: Curettage leads to a higher chance of complete evacuation but expectant management is successful in at least 76% of w

  8. MisoREST : surgical versus expectant management in women with an incomplete evacuation of the uterus after misoprostol treatment for miscarriage: a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemmers, M.; Verschoor, M. A. C.; Rengerink, K. Oude; Naaktgeboren, C.; Opmeer, B. C.; Bossuyt, P. M.; Huirne, J. A. F.; Janssen, C. A. H.; Radder, C.; Klinkert, E. R.; Langenveld, J.; Catshoek, R.; Van der Voet, L.; Siemens, F.; Geomini, P.; Van Hooff, M. H.; Van der Ploeg, J. M.; Coppus, S. F. P. J.; Ankum, W. M.; Mol, B. W. J.

    2016-01-01

    Is curettage more effective than expectant management in case of an incomplete evacuation after misoprostol treatment for first trimester miscarriage? Curettage leads to a higher chance of complete evacuation but expectant management is successful in at least 76% of women with an incomplete evacuati

  9. Surgical acute abdomen in elderly patients.

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    Itengré Ouédraogo

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundaments : The surgical acute abdomen usually is the most frequent cause of abdominal surgery of urgency in t he old one, with the high mortality in spite of the modern surgical technologies. Objective: To evaluate the surgery of the surgical acute abdomen in the old one. Method: Appears a prospectivo descriptive study that includes 102 patients of 60 years or more who underwent surgery at the ¨Dr Gustavo Aldereguía Lima¨ University Hospital of Cienfuegos with this diagnostic. The primary data were obtained from clinical cards of the patients and the daily clinical observation until the debit. Results: The patients presented an average age of 74 years, being the most frequent causes of the syndrome intestinal obstruction (32,4%, the biliary tract affections (22,5%, and acute appendicitis (21,6%. The most frequent symptom was abdominal pain (96,08%, and we noticed tachycardia in 80,4%. Postoperating complications in 47,06% of the patients appeared and was observed a mortality of 26,5% with statistically significant relation with the age, ASA classification, surgical risk, time of evolution and the surgical time. The peritonitis heads the direct causes of death.

  10. Approach to Pediatric Patients during Surgical Interventions

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    Seher Ünver

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A child’s surgical period usually contains unpleasant and difficult experiences, for the child and the parents. The child in this period experiences greater anxiety and distress. On the other hand, pediatric patients have complex states that directly effects their perioperative care during. Because their perioperative care includes not only the knowledge of general surgical procedure and care of a patient in the operating room. It also includes the specific understanding of a child’s airway, anatomy and physiology, the understanding of child development and care of the child and family. This review is prepared to present these differences of the pediatric surgical patients and the care during their perioperative period. (Jo­ur­nal of Cur­rent Pe­di­at­rics 2013; 11: 128-33

  11. Coping strategies in anxious surgical patients

    OpenAIRE

    Aust, Hansjoerg; R?sch, Dirk; Schuster, Maike; Sturm, Theresa; Brehm, Felix; Nestoriuc, Yvonne (Prof. Dr. rer. nat.)

    2016-01-01

    Background Anaesthesia and surgery provoke preoperative anxiety and stress. Patients try to regain control of their emotions by using coping efforts. Coping may be more effective if supported by specific strategies or external utilities. This study is the first to analyse coping strategies in a large population of patients with high preoperative anxiety. Methods We assessed preoperative anxiety and coping preferences in a consecutive sample of 3087 surgical patients using validated scales (Am...

  12. [Surgical treatment of patients for abdominal sepsis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryvoruchko, I A; Usenko, O Iu; Andreieshchev, S A

    2014-08-01

    Results of surgical treatment of 201 patients, suffering abdominal sepsis (AS), which have occurred after operations on abdominal organs, were analyzed. Expediency of application of modern scales for the patients state severity estimation, prognostic sign-posts and dynamic of the pathological process course in every patient was substantiated. Existing systems of prognostication (APACHE II, SOFA, MODS) are applied restrictedly for diagnosis of infection in patients, what demands relaparotomy performance in presence of clinical signs of intraabdominal infection, which persists. For prognostication of the treatment result and determination of indications for relaparotomy conduction in patients, suffering severe AS and infectious-toxic shock (ITSH), the most informative is application of the Manheim's index of peritonitis together with analysis of clinico-laboratory indices for formation of groups of patients in risk, to whom reoperation is indicated. Advantages of relaparotomy "on demand" conduction were proved in comparison with "programmed" relaparotomy during the staged surgical treatment of patients, suffering severe AS and ITSH. Complex surgical treatment with substantiation of indications and choice of adequate method of intervention secures improvement of the treatment results in these severely ill patients.

  13. Spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage--experience with 57 surgically treated patients and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dammann, Philipp; Asgari, Siamak; Bassiouni, Hischam; Gasser, Thomas; Panagiotopoulos, Vassilis; Gizewski, Elke R; Stolke, Dietmar; Sure, Ulrich; Sandalcioglu, I Erol

    2011-01-01

    The treatment of spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage is still discussed controversially. We analyzed a series of 57 patients who underwent surgical evacuation of a cerebellar hematoma at our department. Preoperative clinical and radiological parameters were assessed and correlated with the clinical outcome in order to identify factors with impact on outcome. The overall clinical outcome according to the Glasgow Outcome Scale at the last follow-up was good (GOS 4-5) in 27 patients (47%) and poor (GOS 2-3) in 16 patients (28%). Fourteen patients (25%) died. The initial neurological condition and the level of consciousness proved to be significant factors determining clinical outcome (p = 0.0032 and p = 0.0001, respectively). Among radiological parameters, brain stem compression and a tight posterior fossa solely showed to be predictive for clinical outcome (p = 0.0113 and p = 0.0167, respectively). Overall, our results emphasize the predictive impact of the initial neurological condition on clinical outcome confirming the grave outcome of patients in initially poor state as reported in previous studies. The hematoma size solely, in contrast to previous observations, showed not to be predictive for clinical outcome. Especially for the still disputed treatment of patients in good initial neurological condition, a suggestion can be derived from the present study. Based on the excellent outcome of patients with good initial clinical condition undergoing surgery due to secondary deterioration, we do not recommend preventive evacuation of a cerebellar hematoma in these patients.

  14. 21 CFR 888.4220 - Cement monomer vapor evacuator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Cement monomer vapor evacuator. 888.4220 Section... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ORTHOPEDIC DEVICES Surgical Devices § 888.4220 Cement monomer vapor evacuator. (a) Identification. A cement monomer vapor evacuator is a device intended for use during surgery to contain or...

  15. 21 CFR 876.4370 - Gastroenterology-urology evacuator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Gastroenterology-urology evacuator. 876.4370... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4370 Gastroenterology-urology evacuator. (a) Identification. A gastroenterology-urology evacuator is a device used to...

  16. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF ENDOMETRIOSIS IN INFERTILE PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Vogler

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Endometriosis is nowadays probably the most frequent cause of infertility or subfertility and is revealed in approximately 30–40% of infertile women. The association between fertility and minimal or mild endometriosis remains unclear and controversial. Moderate and severe forms of the disease distort anatomical relations in the minor pelvis, resulting in infertility. The goals of endometriosis treatment are relief of pain symptoms, prevention of the disease progression and fertility improvement. Treatment of stages I and II endometriosis (according to the R-AFS classification may be expectative, medical or surgical. In severely forms of the disease (stage III and IV the method of choice is surgical treatment. Combined medical and surgical treatment is justified only in cases, in which the complete endometriotic tissue removal is not possible or recurrence of pain symptoms occur. Nowadays, laparoscopic surgical treatment is the golden standard being the diagnostic and therapeutic tool during the same procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fertility rate after surgical treatment of different stages of endometriosis.Patients and methods. In prospectively designed study 100 infertile women were included. The only known cause of infertility was endometriosis. In group A there were 51 patients with stage I and II endometriosis, whereas in group B there were 49 patients with stage III and IV of the disease. Endometriosis was diagnosed and treated laparoscopically. Endometriotic implants were removed either with bipolar coagulation or CO2 laser vaporisation, whereas adhesions were sharp or blunt dissected, and endometriomas stripped out of ovaries. Pregnancy rates were calculated for both groups of patients, and statistically compared between the groups.Results. Mean age of patients was 29.25 (SD ± 4.08 years and did not significantly differ between the groups of patients (29.5 years in group A and 29 years in group B. In

  17. [Anesthesiological management of the high-risk surgical patient].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertoldi, G; Avalle, M

    1980-03-01

    Evaluation of the anaesthesiological risk in surgical patients is described and an account is given of results obtained with an association of ketamin and NLA II in 57 high-risk patients subjected to general surgical management.

  18. Behind the Curtain: Keeping Surgical Patients Warmer Fights Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cleveland Clinic, Ohio Photo courtesy of NIGMS Keeping Surgical Patients Warmer Fights Infection As recently as the mid- ... His research led to a new conclusion: Keep surgical patients warm. No new drugs, no fancy technology. Warming ...

  19. Implications of malnutrition in the surgical patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, J L; Gertner, M H; Buzby, G P; Goodhart, G L; Rosato, E F

    1979-02-01

    The substantial prevalence of malnutrition in the hospitalized patient population has only been recently recognized. Preoperative nutritional and immunological assessment was performed prospectively on admission in 64 consecutive surgical patients. Factors measured included weight loss, triceps skinfold, midarm muscle circumference, creatinine-height index, serum albumin level, serum transferrin level, total lymphocyte count, serum complement level, serum immunoelectrophoresis, lymphocyte T rosettes formation, neutrophil migration, and delayed hypersensitivity. Using these criteria for malnutrition, 97% of the patients had at least one abnormal measurement and 35% had at least three abnormal measurements. Patients were monitored for complications during their hospital course. Serum albumin level, serum transferrin level, and delayed hypersensitivity reactions were the only accurate prognostic indicators of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Substantial unrecognized malnutrition exists in the surgical patient population. An isolated indicator of malnutrition should be interpreted with caution. The visceral protein compartment (serum albumin and serum transferrin levels and delayed hypersensitivity) is the most accurate prognostic indicator of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Perioperative nutritional support may reduce operative morbidity and mortality in the malnourished operative candidate.

  20. MisoREST : Surgical versus expectant management in women with an incomplete evacuation of the uterus after misoprostol treatment for miscarriage: A cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemmers, Marilee; Verschoor, Marianne A. C.; Rengerink, Katrien Oude; Naaktgeboren, Christiana; Bossuyt, Patrick M.; Huirne, Judith A. F.; Janssen, Ineke A. H.; Radder, Celine; Klinkert, Ellen. R.; Langenveld, Josje; van der Voet, Lucet; Siemens, E. Frederike; Bongers, Marlies Y.; van Hooff, Marcel H.; van der Ploeg, Marinus; Sjors, F. P. J.; Coppus, S. F. P. J.; Ankum, W. M.; Mol, Ben Willem J.

    2017-01-01

    Objective: To assess the effectiveness of curettage versus expectant management in women with an incomplete evacuation of the uterus after misoprostol treatment for first trimester miscarriage. Study design: We conducted a multicenter cohort study alongside a randomized clinical trial (RCT) between

  1. Operating room nurses' positioning of anesthetized surgical patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Erik Elgaard; Kusk, Kathrine Hoffmann; Grønkjaer, Mette

    2016-01-01

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence of problems associated with the positioning of anaesthetised surgical patients. BACKGROUND: The positioning of the anaesthetised surgical patient is a complex task. The interdisciplinary nature with several professional groups in a surgical team may ...... of positioning equipment allowing individual consideration of the patient. Further research is required on positioning equipment, optimisation of continuity and the establishment of permanent surgical teams....

  2. "In patient" medical abortion versus surgical abortion: patient's satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Carlo, Costantino; Savoia, Fabiana; Ferrara, Cinzia; Sglavo, Gabriella; Tommaselli, Giovanni Antonio; Giampaolino, Pierluigi; Cagnacci, Angelo; Nappi, Carmine

    2016-08-01

    To compare patients' satisfaction with medical and surgical abortion, implementing the Italian guidelines on medical abortion entailing an "in patient" procedure. A total of 1832 pregnant chose between surgical (vacuum aspiration) or medical abortion (mifepristone p.o. followed after 3 days by sublingual misoprostol) and expressed their expected satisfaction on a visual analog scale (VAS). A total of 885 women chose surgical and 947 medical abortion. The primary end-point was satisfaction VAS score 20 days after the procedure. Secondary end-points were: difference between pre- and post-abortion VAS score; difference in satisfaction VAS scores according to parity and previous abortion; incidence of side effects. VAS score was high in each group but significantly higher for the 1-day surgical than for the 3-day medical abortion procedure (7.9 ± 1.0 versus 7.2 ± 1.2; p after the treatment (6.9 ± 1.6 versus 7.9 ± 1.0, p abortion; women with a previous abortion preferred surgical abortion. Both procedures are considered satisfactory by the patients. Performing medical abortion as a 3-day "in patient" procedure, decreased women's satisfaction scores from their baseline expectations.

  3. Dose reduction in evacuation proctography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hare, C.; Halligan, S.; Bartram, C.I.; Gupta, R.; Walker, A.E.; Renfrew, I. [Intestinal Imaging Centre, St. Mark' s Hospital, London (United Kingdom)

    2001-03-01

    The goal of this study was to reduce the patient radiation dose from evacuation proctography. Ninety-eight consecutive adult patients referred for proctography to investigate difficult rectal evacuation were studied using a digital imaging system with either a standard digital program for barium examinations, a reduced dose digital program (both with and without additional copper filtration), or Video fluoroscopy. Dose-area products were recorded for each examination and the groups were compared. All four protocols produced technically acceptable examinations. The low-dose program with copper filtration (median dose 382 cGy cm{sup 2}) and Video fluoroscopy (median dose 705 cGy cm{sup 2}) were associated with significantly less dose than other groups (p < 0.0001). Patient dose during evacuation proctography can be reduced significantly without compromising the diagnostic quality of the examination. A digital program with added copper filtration conveyed the lowest dose. (orig.)

  4. Hurricane Evacuation Routes

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Hurricane Evacuation Routes in the United States A hurricane evacuation route is a designated route used to direct traffic inland in case of a hurricane threat. This...

  5. Coping strategies in anxious surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aust, Hansjoerg; Rüsch, Dirk; Schuster, Maike; Sturm, Theresa; Brehm, Felix; Nestoriuc, Yvonne

    2016-07-12

    Anaesthesia and surgery provoke preoperative anxiety and stress. Patients try to regain control of their emotions by using coping efforts. Coping may be more effective if supported by specific strategies or external utilities. This study is the first to analyse coping strategies in a large population of patients with high preoperative anxiety. We assessed preoperative anxiety and coping preferences in a consecutive sample of 3087 surgical patients using validated scales (Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale/Visual Analogue Scale). In the subsample of patients with high preoperative anxiety, patients' dispositional coping style was determined and patients' coping efforts were studied by having patients rate their agreement with 9 different coping efforts on a four point Likert scale. Statistical analysis included correlational analysis between dispositional coping styles, coping efforts and other variables such as sociodemographic data. Statistical significance was considered for p preoperative anxiety. According to the initial self-assessment, about two thirds of the patients believed that information would help them to cope with their anxiety ("monitors"); the remainder declined further education/information and reported self-distraction to be most helpful to cope with anxiety ("blunters"). There was no significant difference between these two groups in anxiety scores. Educational conversation was the coping effort rated highest in monitors whereas calming conversation was the coping effort rated highest in blunters. Coping follows no demographic rules but is influenced by the level of education. Anxiolytic Medication showed no reliable correlation to monitoring and blunting disposition. Both groups showed an exactly identical agreement with this coping effort. Demand for medical anxiolysis, blunting or the desire for more conversation may indicate increased anxiety. The use of the internet was independent of the anxiety level and the demand of

  6. Modeling to Optimize Hospital Evacuation Planning in EMS Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bish, Douglas R; Tarhini, Hussein; Amara, Roel; Zoraster, Richard; Bosson, Nichole; Gausche-Hill, Marianne

    2017-01-01

    To develop optimal hospital evacuation plans within a large urban EMS system using a novel evacuation planning model and a realistic hospital evacuation scenario, and to illustrate the ways in which a decision support model may be useful in evacuation planning. An optimization model was used to produce detailed evacuation plans given the number and type of patients in the evacuating hospital, resource levels (teams to move patients, vehicles, and beds at other hospitals), and evacuation rules. Optimal evacuation plans under various resource levels and rules were developed and high-level metrics were calculated, including evacuation duration and the utilization of resources. Using this model we were able to determine the limiting resources and demonstrate how strategically augmenting the resource levels can improve the performance of the evacuation plan. The model allowed the planner to test various evacuation conditions and resource levels to demonstrate the effect on performance of the evacuation plan. We present a hospital evacuation planning analysis for a hospital in a large urban EMS system using an optimization model. This model can be used by EMS administrators and medical directors to guide planning decisions and provide a better understanding of various resource allocation decisions and rules that govern a hospital evacuation.

  7. Managing anxiety in the elective surgical patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pritchard, Michael John

    Patients coming into hospital can suffer a great deal of anxiety--Mathews et al (1981) suggested patients who undergo surgery experience acute psychological distress in the pre-operative period. These fears manifest themselves as uncertainty, loss of control and decreased self-esteem, anticipation of postoperative pain, and fear of separation from family (Egan et al, 1992; Asilioglu and Celik, 2004). As technical advances and improved anaesthetic techniques become available to the NHS, the ability to offer day surgery to a wider patient population is increasing. In fact Bernier et al (2003) and Elliott et al (2003) have suggested that 60% of future operations will be day procedures. This means as health-care professionals, nurses will have shorter time available not only to identify patients who may be experiencing anxiety, but also to offer them the support they need to cope with the surgery. Anxiety can have a profound effect on patients--it affects them in a variety of ways, from ignoring the illness, which could have a serious impact on the patient's life, to the constant demand for attention which can take the nurse away from the care of other patients on the ward (Thomas et al, 1995). Recently, there has been increasing interest in the possible influences of properative anxiety on the course and outcome of surgical procedures and the potential benefits of anxiety-reducing interventions (Markland et al, 1993). Caumo et al (2001) suggested that pre-operative management of a patients anxiety would be improved if health-care professionals had more knowledge about the potential predictors of pre-operative anxiety.

  8. The incidence of fever in US Critical Care Air Transport Team combat trauma patients evacuated from the theater between March 2009 and March 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnick, Joanne M; Bebarta, Vikhyat S; Stanton, Marietta; Lairet, Julio R; King, James; Torres, Pedro; Aden, James; Ramirez, Rosemarie

    2013-11-01

    Most critically ill injured patients are transported out of the theater by Critical Care Air Transport Teams (CCATTs). Fever after trauma is correlated with surgical complications and infection. The purposes of this study are to identify the incidence of elevated temperature in patients managed in the CCATT environment and to describe the complications reported and the treatments used in these patients. We performed a retrospective review of available records of trauma patients from the combat theater between March 1, 2009, and March 31, 2010, who were transported by the US Air Force CCATT and had an incidence of hyperthermia. We then divided the cohort into 2 groups, patients transported with an elevation in temperature greater than 100.4°F and patients with no documented elevation in temperature. We used a standardized, secure electronic data collection form to abstract the outcomes. Descriptive data collected included injury type, temperature, use of a mechanical ventilator, cooling treatment modalities, antipyretics, intravenous fluid administration, and use of blood products. We also evaluated the incidence of complications during the transport in patients who had a recorded elevation in temperature greater than 100.4°F. A total of 248 trauma patients met the inclusion criteria, and 101 trauma patients (40%) had fever. The mean age was 28 years, and 98% of patients were men. The mechanism of injury was an explosion in 156 patients (63%), blunt injury in 11 (4%), and penetrating injury in 45 (18%), whereas other trauma-related injuries accounted for 36 patients (15%). Of the patients, 209 (84%) had battle-related injuries and 39 (16%) had non-battle-related injuries. Traumatic brain injury was found in 24 patients (24%) with an incidence of elevated temperature. The mean temperature was 101.6°F (range, 100.5°F-103.9°F). After evaluation of therapies and treatments, 80 trauma patients (51%) were intubated on a mechanical ventilator (P trauma patients with

  9. Cooling in Surgical Patients: Two Case Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bibi F. Gurreebun

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Moderate induced hypothermia has become standard of care for children with peripartum hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. However, children with congenital abnormalities and conditions requiring surgical intervention have been excluded from randomised controlled trials investigating this, in view of concerns regarding the potential side effects of cooling that can affect surgery. We report two cases of children, born with congenital conditions requiring surgery, who were successfully cooled and stabilised medically before undergoing surgery. Our first patient was diagnosed after birth with duodenal atresia after prolonged resuscitation, while the second had an antenatal diagnosis of left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia and suffered an episode of hypoxia at birth. They both met the criteria for cooling and after weighing the pros and cons, this was initiated. Both patients were medically stabilised and successfully underwent therapeutic hypothermia. Potential complications were investigated for and treated as required before they both underwent surgery successfully. We review the potential side effects of cooling, especially regarding coagulation defects. We conclude that newborns with conditions requiring surgery need not be excluded from therapeutic hypothermia if they might benefit from it.

  10. Evacuation dynamics of children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larusdottir, Aldis Run; Dederichs, Anne

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to deliver new data and to bring attention to the subject of evacuation of children. Evacuation characteristics such as flow, densities and walking speeds are in focus. Currently literature on evacuation com-prehends mostly studies on adults. Ten Danish daycare centers...... higher walking speeds in spiral stairs when the children are familiar with the evacuation path. Higher per-son densities and faster flow through doors were obtained among the children than found in literature on adults. Children in the younger age group are generally slower than the older children....... The children walk slower in horizontal plan than adults, however they are keen to run during evacuations, in the latter case their travel speed increases and exceeds the adults’. Since the evacuation characte-ristics of children differ in many ways from those of adults, nowadays models badly comprehend...

  11. Evacuation of rectilinear polygons

    CERN Document Server

    Fekete, Sandor P; Kroeller, Alexander

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the problem of creating fast evacuation plans for buildings that are modeled as grid polygons, possibly containing exponentially many cells. We study this problem in two contexts: the ``confluent'' context in which the routes to exits remain fixed over time, and the ``non-confluent'' context in which routes may change. Confluent evacuation plans are simpler to carry out, as they allocate contiguous regions to exits; non-confluent allocation can possibly create faster evacuation plans. We give results on the hardness of creating the evacuation plans and strongly polynomial algorithms for finding confluent evacuation plans when the building has two exits. We also give a pseudo-polynomial time algorithm for non-confluent evacuation plans. Finally, we show that the worst-case bound between confluent and non-confluent plans is 2-2/(k+1).

  12. Beyond consent--improving understanding in surgical patients.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mulsow, Jürgen J W

    2012-01-01

    Little is known of the actual understanding that underlies patient choices with regard to their surgical treatment. This review explores current knowledge of patient understanding and techniques that may be used to improve this understanding.

  13. Non-surgical periodontal management in scleroderma disease patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laforgia, A; Corsalini, M; Stefanachi, G; Tafuri, S; Ballini, A; Pettini, F; Di Venere, D

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to investigate the periodontal status of people with scleroderma and their response to non-surgical treatment protocol aimed at controlling the evolution of the disease. The response to non-surgical periodontal treatment was tested on patients belonging to a scleroderma group and a control group: the data show an improvement of the periodontal conditions of all these patients in response to treatment. When compared on the same diagram, a slight remission of the periodontal disease was obtained in both scleroderma and healthy patients. This highlights the benefit to soft tissues produced by non-surgical periodontal treatment also in patients affected by systemic diseases.

  14. Surgical patients travel longer distances than non-surgical patients to receive care at a rural hospital in Mozambique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faierman, Michelle L; Anderson, Jamie E; Assane, Americo; Bendix, Peter; Vaz, Fernando; Rose, John A; Funzamo, Carlos; Bickler, Stephen W; Noormahomed, Emilia V

    2015-01-01

    Surgical care is increasingly recognised as an important component of global health delivery. However, there are still major gaps in knowledge related to access to surgical care in low-income countries. In this study, we compare distances travelled by surgical patients with patients seeking other medical services at a first-level hospital in rural Mozambique. Data were collected on all inpatients at Hospital Rural de Chókwè in rural Mozambique between 20 June 2012 and 3 August 2012. Euclidean distances travelled by surgical versus non-surgical patients using coordinates of each patient's city of residence were compared. Data were analysed using ArcGIS 10 and STATA. In total, 500 patients were included. Almost one-half (47.6%) lived in the city where the hospital is based. By hospital ward, the majority (62.0%) of maternity patients came from within the hospital's city compared with only 35.2% of surgical patients. The average distance travelled was longest for surgical patients (42 km) compared with an average of 17 km for patients on all other wards. Patients seeking surgical care at this first-level hospital travel farther than patients seeking other services. While other patients may have access to at community clinics, surgical patients depend more heavily on the services available at first-level hospitals. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  15. Exploring challenges and solutions in the preparation of surgical patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Thea Palsgaard; Münter, Kristine Husum; Østergaard, Doris;

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Handover of surgical patients from ward to operating room is a sensible point for information and communication failures. Guidelines were developed for preparation of surgical patients. Our aim was to explore if patients are sufficiently prepared for surgery according to local......, workshops including table simulations involving the various professions and specialties were held. RESULTS: In total, 314 surgical procedures were performed of which 196 were eligible for analysis. Emergency procedures showed the poorest results with non-completed tasks comprising 58% of electronic patient...... documentation. Furthermore, challenges and suggestions for solutions were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Completion of mandatory tasks for surgical patient preparation was poor. Workshops with table simulations actively involved the stakeholders from various professions and specialties in describing the patient...

  16. Suction evacuation of hemothorax: A prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, Stephanie A; Cibulas, George A; Ward, Tyler A; Davis, Corinne A; Croce, Martin A; Zarzaur, Ben L

    2016-07-01

    Although tube thoracostomy is a common procedure after thoracic trauma, incomplete evacuation of fluid places the patient at risk for retained hemothorax. As little as 300 to 500 cm of blood may result in the need for an additional thoracostomy tube or, in more severe cases, lung entrapment and empyema. We hypothesized that suction evacuation of the thoracic cavity before tube placement would decrease the incidence of late complications. Patients requiring tube thoracostomy within 96 hours of admission were prospectively identified and underwent suction evacuation of the pleural space (SEPS) before tube placement. These patients were compared to historical controls without suction evacuation. Demographics, admission vital signs, laboratory values, details of chest tube placement, and outcomes were collected on all patients. Multivariable logistic regression was used to compare outcomes between groups. A total of 199 patients were identified, consisting of 100 retrospective controls and 99 SEPS patients. There were no differences in age, sex, admission injury severity score or chest abbreviated injury score, admission laboratory values or vital signs, or hospital length of stay. Mean (SD) volume of hemothorax in SEPS patients was 220 (297) cm; with only 48% having a volume greater than 100 cm at the time of tube placement. Three patients developed empyema, and 19 demonstrated retained blood; there was no difference between SEPS and control patients. Suction evacuation of the pleural space was significantly protective against recurrent pneumothorax after chest tube removal (odds ratio, 0.332; 95% confidence interval, 0.148-0.745). Preemptive suction evacuation of the thoracic cavity did not have a significant impact on subsequent development of retained hemothorax or empyema. Suction evacuation of the pleural space significantly decreased incidence of recurrent pneumothorax after thoracostomy removal. Although the mechanism is unclear, such a benefit may make this

  17. Support Process of Surgical Block: Patient safety strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Martos Moreno

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Second edition of Guide of designe and continues improvement of the Care Integrated Procedures identifies us indispensable elements, among others, the ones related with the dimension patient safety. Objetive of this work has been the elaboration of a Surgical patient path document which contains those elements. The result has been a document in the shape of a indivisible triptych, continent of a lot of safety barrier ( pre surgical and assist surgical check-lists, clinic guides, etc that should avoid the appearance of adverse events. For its suitable employment it would be necessary introducing the document before the movement of the patient to the Surgical Block, during the pre surgical preparation at the Hospitalization Unit. It would be moved forward a step at the third level of the Process Architecture, to guarantee the Cares continuity and the Safety.

  18. TSUNAMI EVACUATION BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thai CHARNKOL

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Evacuation behavior analysis is known to be one step in a transportation disaster response. The purpose of this study was therefore, to investigate permanent and transient resident's behaviors and their backgrounds during a hypothetical tsunami evacuation. Evacuation behavior data were collected from two affected areas, Phuket and Phang-nga, Thailand. A behavioral analysis was carried out to gain some insights into human responses to a future tsunami warning, especially in determining evacuees' response patterns (fast, medium, and slow under various conditions (four preparation and response time intervals, i.e., 60 minutes, 45 minutes, 30 minutes, and 15 minutes. Preparation and response curves, which represent the time at which the evacuees were expected to begin their evacuation and move to a safer area, were estimated and compared between the permanent and transient residents. Furthermore, evacuation models were employed using binary logistic regression techniques to estimate the likelihood of evacuees being involved in each response group (quick or slow group. Results of the models revealed natural reactions to tsunami evacuation warning, including the response times and evacuation behaviors based on their different backgrounds. This research could help address and improve future evacuation management to become more efficient and more effective, which can increase public safety for the community.

  19. Auditory evacuation beacons

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijngaarden, S.J. van; Bronkhorst, A.W.; Boer, L.C.

    2005-01-01

    Auditory evacuation beacons can be used to guide people to safe exits, even when vision is totally obscured by smoke. Conventional beacons make use of modulated noise signals. Controlled evacuation experiments show that such signals require explicit instructions and are often misunderstood. A new si

  20. Surgical treatment of diplopia in Graves' Orbitopathy patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jellema, H.M.

    2016-01-01

    This thesis addresses several aspects of the surgical treatment of diplopia in patients with Graves’ Orbitopathy (GO). We evaluated retrospectively the surgical outcome of different types of surgery on eye muscles to correct the diplopia. Each operated muscle seems to have its own dose-effect respon

  1. Surgical Management of the Pediatric Cochlear Implant Patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Seth M.; Haynes, David S.

    2003-01-01

    This article discusses the surgical management of children receiving cochlear implants. It identifies preoperative considerations to select patients likely to benefit, contraindications, some new surgical techniques, complications, special considerations (otitis media, meningitis, head growth, inner ear malformations, and cochlear obstruction).…

  2. Evacuation dynamics of children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larusdottir, Aldis Run; Dederichs, Anne

    2010-01-01

    higher walking speeds in spiral stairs when the children are familiar with the evacuation path. Higher per-son densities and faster flow through doors were obtained among the children than found in literature on adults. Children in the younger age group are generally slower than the older children......The purpose of this study is to deliver new data and to bring attention to the subject of evacuation of children. Evacuation characteristics such as flow, densities and walking speeds are in focus. Currently literature on evacuation com-prehends mostly studies on adults. Ten Danish daycare centers...... participated in full scale evacuation experiments where the age groups 0-2 years and 3-6 years were analyzed separately. The work had the following overall finding. Flows through doors, walking speeds and densities are age-dependent and differ strongly from the data in existing literature. The results show...

  3. Rapid Response Team Activations in Pediatric Surgical Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acker, Shannon N; Wathen, Beth; Roosevelt, Genie E; Hill, Lauren R S; Schubert, Anna; Reese, Jenny; Bensard, Denis D; Kulungowski, Ann M

    2017-02-01

    Introduction The rapid response team (RRT) is a multidisciplinary team who evaluates hospitalized patients for concerns of nonemergent clinical deterioration. RRT evaluations are mandatory for children whose Pediatric Early Warning System (PEWS) score (assessment of child's behavior, cardiovascular and respiratory status) is ≥4. We aimed to determine if there were differences in characteristics of RRT calls between children who were admitted primarily to either medical or surgical services. We hypothesized that RRT activations would be called for less severely ill children with lower PEWS score on surgical services compared with children admitted to a medical service. Materials and Methods We performed a retrospective review of all children with RRT activations between January 2008 and April 2015 at a tertiary care pediatric hospital. We evaluated the characteristics of RRT calls and made comparisons between RRT calls made for children admitted primarily to medical or surgical services. Results A total of 2,991 RRT activations were called, and 324 (11%) involved surgical patients. Surgical patients were older than medical patients (median: 7 vs. 4 years; p < 0.001). RRT evaluations were called for lower PEWS score in surgical patients compared with medical (median: 3 vs. 4, p < 0.001). Surgical patients were more likely to remain on the inpatient ward following the RRT (51 vs. 39%, p < 0.001) and were less likely to require an advanced airway than medical patients (0.9 vs. 2.1%; p = 0.412). RRT evaluations did not differ between day and night shifts (52% day vs. 48% night; p = 0.17). All surgical patients and all but one medical patient survived the event; surgical patients were more likely to survive to hospital discharge (97 vs. 91%, p < 0.001) Conclusions RRT activations are rare events among pediatric surgical patients. When compared with medical patients, RRT evaluation is requested for surgical patients with a lower PEWS

  4. Factors Influencing the Surgical Success in Patients with Infantile Esotropia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Gül Yılmaz Çınar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To determine the factors that influence the surgical success in patients with infantile esotropia and to evaluate the relationship between amount of bilateral medial rectus recession and convergence. Material and Method: We retrospectively investigated the records of 188 patients with infantile esotropia who were operated on. The surgical success rate, the factors that influence the surgical success, and the relationship between amount of bilateral medial rectus recession and convergence deficiency were evaluated. Successful outcome was defined as deviation amount lower than 10 prism diopters postoperatively. Results: The mean age of the 188 patients included in the study at presentation was 54.9±56.8 (5-276 months, and the mean surgical age was 60.7±54.8 (7-276 months. Success was provided in 70.7% of patients after the first surgery and in 86.7% of patients after repeated surgeries. It was seen that gender, surgical age, refractive error, surgical procedure and the presence of fusion before surgery did not affect surgical success. Residual esotropia was found more frequently in patients with large-angle preoperative deviation, whilst both residual esotropia and consecutive exotropia were found more frequently in patients with amblyopia. It was observed that augmented bilateral medial rectus recession did not cause an increase in postoperative convergence deficiency. Discussion: Since the presence of amblyopia affects the surgical success negatively, it must be identified and treated preoperative. Residual esotropia is more frequently seen in patients with large-angle deviation preoperative, and more than one surgery may be required to provide orthophoria. In these cases, augmented bilateral medial rectus recession is a safe and effective method that rescues the patient from repeated surgeries and may be preferred to three-or four-muscle surgeries. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2013; 43: 413-8

  5. Surgical dislocation of the hip in patients with femoroacetabular impingement: Surgical techniques and our experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mladenović Marko

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Arthrosis of the hip is the most common cause of a hip joint disorders. The aim of this study was to present our experience in the application of a safe surgical dislocation of the hip in patients with minor morphological changes in the hip joint, which, through the mechanism of femoroacetabular impingement, cause damage to the acetabular labrum and adjacent cartilage as an early sign of the hip arthrosis. Methods. We have operated 51 patients with different morphological bone changes in the hip area and resultant soft tissue damage of the acetabular labrum and its adjacent cartilage. Surgical technique that we applied in this group of patients, was adapted to our needs and capabilities and it was minimaly modified compared to the original procedure. Results. The surgical technique presented in this paper, proved to be a good method of treatment of bone and soft tissue pathomorphological changes of the hip in patients with femoroacetabular impingement. We had no cases with avascular necrosis of the femoral head, and two patients had nonunion of the greater trochanter, 9 patients developed paraarticular ossification, without subjective symptoms, while 3 patients suffered from postoperative pain in the groin during more energetic physical activities. Conclusion. Utilization of our partly modified surgical technique of controlled and safe dislocation of the hip can solve all the bone and soft tissue problems in patients with femoroacetibular impingement to stop already developed osteoarthritis of the hip or to prevent mild form of it.

  6. Reducing mortality for high risk surgical patients in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, B A; Carrothers, A D; Jones, Chris

    2012-06-01

    Over 40 million surgical procedures are performed per annum in the USA and Europe, including several million patients who are considered to be high risk (Bennett-Guerrero et al 2003). Overall, the risk of death or major complications after surgery in the general surgical patient population is low, with a post-operative mortality rate of less than1% during the same hospital admission (Niskanen et al 2001).

  7. Surgical Management of Patients with Chiari I Malformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Siasios

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Chiari malformations (CMs constitute a variety of four mainly syndromes (I, II, III, and IV, which describe the protrusion of brain tissue into the spinal canal through the foramen magnum. These malformations frequently occur in combination with other pathological entities such as myelomeningocele, hydrocephalus, and/or hydrosyringomyelia. The recent improvement of imaging techniques has increased not only the rate of CM diagnosis but also the necessity for its early treatment. Several different surgical techniques have been employed in the treatment of patients with symptomatic CM-I. In our current study, a systematic and critical review of the pertinent literature was made for identifying the most commonly employed surgical procedures in the management of these patients. Emphasis was given in outlining the advantages and disadvantages of each surgical approach. Moreover, an attempt was made for defining those parameters that may be prognostic factors for their surgical outcome. There is a consensus that surgical treatment is reserved only for symptomatic patients with CM-I. It has also been postulated that early surgically intervention is usually associated with better outcome. Despite the large number of previously published clinical series, further clinical research with large-scale studies is necessary for defining surgical treatment guidelines in these patients.

  8. Evacuated aerogel glazings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Jørgen Munthe; Jensen, Karsten Ingerslev

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the main characteristics of monolithic silica aerogel and its application in evacuated superinsulating aerogel glazing including the evacuation and assembling process. Furthermore, the energetic benefit of aerogel glazing is quantified. In evacuated aerogel glazing the space...... the space heating demand in residential buildings. The U-value of the glazing can be designed to meet the required value by increasing the monolithic silica aerogel thickness without the need for additional layers of glass. An aerogel glazing with 20 mm glass distance can reach a U-value below 0.5 W/(m(2) K...

  9. Dynamic imaging of posterior compartment pelvic floor dysfunction by evacuation proctography: Techniques, indications, results and limitations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maglinte, Dean D.T. [Department of Radiology, Indiana University Medical Center, University Hospital and Outpatient Center, 550 N. University Blvd. UH 0279, Indianapolis, IN 46202 (United States)]. E-mail: dmaglint@iupui.edu; Bartram, Clive [Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Consulting Radiology, St. Mark' s Hospital, Northwick Park, Harrow HA1 3UJ (United Kingdom)

    2007-03-15

    The clinical management of patients with anorectal and pelvic floor dysfunction is often difficult. Evacuation proctography has evolved from a method to evaluate the anorectum for functional disorders to its current status as a practical method for evaluating anorectal dysfunction and pelvic floor prolapse. It has a high observer accuracy and yield of positive diagnosis. Clinicians find it of major benefit and has altered management from surgical to medical and vice versa in a significant number of cases.

  10. Dynamic imaging of posterior compartment pelvic floor dysfunction by evacuation proctography: techniques, indications, results and limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maglinte, Dean D T; Bartram, Clive

    2007-03-01

    The clinical management of patients with anorectal and pelvic floor dysfunction is often difficult. Evacuation proctography has evolved from a method to evaluate the anorectum for functional disorders to its current status as a practical method for evaluating anorectal dysfunction and pelvic floor prolapse. It has a high observer accuracy and yield of positive diagnosis. Clinicians find it of major benefit and has altered management from surgical to medical and vice versa in a significant number of cases.

  11. Surgical treatment of benign nodular goiter; report of 72 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ediz YORGANCILAR

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Surgical resection is usually prefered for the treatment of benign nodular goiter. But the extention of thyroidectomy in the surgical management of benign nodular goiter still remains controversial. Seventytwo patients underwent thyroid surgery between April 2002- July2007 in Kızıltepe State Hospital Otorhinolaryngology Service. Of the patients 63 were women (%87.5, 9 were man (%12.5. The range of age was between 15-62 years and mean age was 36,5. Thirtynine patients had unilateral total lobectomy+ istmusectomy (%54.2, 11 patients had unilateral lobectomy+ isthmusectomy+contralateral subtotal lobectomy (Dunhill Procedure (%15.3, 20 patients had nearly total thyroidectomy (%27.8, 2 patients had total thyroidectomy (% 2.7. Three patients had seroma (%4.1, 2 patients had hemorrhage requiring operative hemostasis (%2.7, 1 patient had suture reaction(%1.3. Patients have not had permanent or temporary nervus laryngeus recurrens injury, hypoparathyroidism and infection.As a result more extent surgical resections must be preferred by the surgeon for the treatment of benign nodular goiter. The preferable surgical treatment of solitary nodules is lobectomy+isthmusectomy. The multinodular goiter must be treated with unilateral lobectomy+ isthmusectomy+contralateral subtotal lobectomy (Dunhill procedure when the remnant thyroid tissue is normal; otherwise nearly total or total thyroidectomy is preferable.

  12. Selecting the Right Patient for Surgical Treatment of Hyperhidrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Alan Edmond Parsons

    2016-11-01

    This article presents a personal view of the indications for surgical treatment of patients with hyperhidrosis based on long clinical experience. Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy is the preferred opinion for palmar sweating. It is also useful when there is additional axillary sweating but is not the first choice for isolated armpit symptoms. Surgical treatment of craniofacial sweating is much more likely to be followed by undesirable side-effects. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Elderly diabetic patient with surgical site mucormycosis extending to bowel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atul K Patel

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Mucormycosis is rare in clinical practice. Most infections are acquired by inhalation; other portals of entry are traumatic implantation and ingestion in immunocompromised host. Mucormycosis is life threatening infection in immunocompromised host with variable moratlity ranging from 15 -81% depending upon site of infection. General treatment principles include early diagnosis, correction of underlying immunosuppression and metabolic disturbances, adequate surgical debridement along with amphotericin therapy. We describe surgical site mucormycosis extended to involve large bowel in elderly diabetic patient.

  14. Factors Influencing the Surgical Success in Patients with Intermittent Exotropia

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    Uğur Acar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Pur po se: To determine the factors that influence surgical success in patients with intermittent exotropia. Ma te ri al and Met hod: We retrospectively evaluated the records of patients with intermittent exotropia who were diagnosed, operated, and followed up. Successful outcome was defined as alignment ≤10 prism diopters (PD esophoria or exophoria at the last follow-up visit. The clinical findings, exodeviation types, surgical ages, operation types, preoperative and postoperative deviation amounts, presence of anisometropia and amblyopia, presence of A- or V-pattern, and presence of binocular vision and stereoacuity of patients were evaluated. We investigated the independent variables that affected the surgical success in intermittent exotropia patients. Re sults: Among the 379 patients included in the study, 266 (70.18% underwent surgery, and the success rate was 68.05% (181 patients. In this successful surgery group, mean deviation was 25.82±11.27 PD at near and 30.80±10.59 PD at distance versus 30.93±12.47 PD and 34.92±11.02 PD, respectively, in the unsuccessful surgery group. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups. Preoperative factors, such as presence of binocular vision preoperatively, and postoperative factors, such as followup period and the patients' deviation amount in the 1st week and 6th month, were found to affect the surgical outcome. Dis cus si on: The success rate of surgical treatment of intermittent exotropia increases in the patients with presence of fusion and low preoperative deviation amounts. Also, in the early postoperative period, orthophoric or ≤10 PD esophoric patients have a higher final surgical success rate. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2013; 43: 107-12

  15. What Determines the Surgical Patient Experience? Exploring the Patient, Clinical Staff, and Administration Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazurenko, Olena; Zemke, Dina; Lefforge, Noelle; Shoemaker, Stowe; Menachemi, Nir

    2015-01-01

    Hospitals are increasingly concerned with enhancing surgical patient experience given that Medicare reimbursements are now tied in part to patient satisfaction. Surgical patients' experience may be influenced by several factors (e.g., integration of care, technical aspects of care), which are ranked differently in importance by clinicians and patients. Strategies designed to improve patient experience can be informed by our research, which examines the determinants of the surgical patient experience from the perspective of multiple healthcare team members. We conducted 12 focus groups with surgical patients, family members, physicians, nurses, and hospital administrators at one acute care, for-profit hospital in a western state and analyzed the content for determinants of the overall surgical patient experience. Specifically, we analyzed the content of the conversations to determine how frequently participants discussed the determinants of the surgical patient experience and how positive, negative, or neutral the comments were. The study's findings suggest that surgical patients and members of the healthcare team have similar views regarding the most important factors in the patient experience-namely, interdisciplinary relationships, technical infrastructure, and staffing. The study results will be used to improve care in this facility and can inform the development of initiatives aimed at improving the surgical patient experience elsewhere. Our study could serve as a model for how other facilities can analyze the surgical patient experience from the perspectives of different stakeholders and improve their performance on the basis of data directly relevant to their organization.

  16. Managing passive incontinence and incomplete evacuation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Brigitte; Norton, Christine

    Both passive faecal incontinence and evacuation difficulty are distressing and demoralising conditions, resulting in physical and psychological problems including social restrictions, loss of self-esteem, altered body image and loss of skin integrity. Conservative management and biofeedback therapy has been shown to help most patients with faecal incontinence and evacuation difficulty by creating a manageable situation that can significantly improve quality of life. However, some patients may not improve their symptoms and require alternative measures. This article reports an audit of the use of the Qufora mini irrigation system in 50 patients (48 female, 2 male) with passive faecal incontinence and/or evacuation difficulty who had failed to respond to conventional biofeedback. Seventy percent found the irrigation comfortable and 74% rated the system as good or acceptable. Two-thirds believed symptoms were improved and would wish to continue using the system. Prospective studies are needed to confirm which patients are most suitable and respond well to the irrigation.

  17. Surgical site infection in patients submitted to heart transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jussara Aparecida Souza do Nascimento Rodrigues

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives: to analyze the occurrence and predisposing factors for surgical site infection in patients submitted to heart transplantation, evaluating the relationship between cases of infections and the variables related to the patient and the surgical procedure. Method: retrospective cohort study, with review of the medical records of patients older than 18 years submitted to heart transplantation. The correlation between variables was evaluated by using Fisher's exact test and Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test. Results: the sample consisted of 86 patients, predominantly men, with severe systemic disease, submitted to extensive preoperative hospitalizations. Signs of surgical site infection were observed in 9.3% of transplanted patients, with five (62.5% superficial incisional, two (25% deep and one (12.5% case of organ/space infection. There was no statistically significant association between the variables related to the patient and the surgery. Conclusion: there was no association between the studied variables and the cases of surgical site infection, possibly due to the small number of cases of infection observed in the sample investigated.

  18. Nursing the critically ill surgical patient in Zambia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Chris; Snell, David

    2016-11-10

    Critical illness in the developing world is a substantial burden for individuals, families, communities and healthcare services. The management of these patients will depend on the resources available. Simple conditions such as a fractured leg or a strangulated hernia can have devastating effects on individuals, families and communities. The recent Lancet Commission on Global Surgery and the World Health Organization promise to strengthen emergency and essential care will increase the focus on surgical services within the developing world. This article provides an overview of nursing the critically ill surgical patient in Zambia, a lower middle income country (LMIC) in sub-Saharan Africa.

  19. Evacuation of Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larusdottir, Aldis Run

    where needed, not leaving a boundary layer as the theory for adults suggests. Handrails were frequently used by both age groups in the daycare centers, more when walking on their own than when assisted. It was found that children using a low handrail achieved on average a 23.5% higher travel speed than...... include elements of three different areas, namely measurable parameters such as travel speed and flow though doors, human behavior such as choice of route and actions and processes such as evacuation procedures and warning methods. These areas are all related and influence each other, making it hard...... and carrying through an evacuation where the youngest children need the most assistance in both phases. Self preservation i.e. where children descended stairs unassisted, was less than 25 % for children aged 0-2 years but over 85 % for children aged 3-6 years. Warning method influenced pre-evacuation time...

  20. Surgical Treatment for Refractory Epilepsy: Review of Patient Evaluation and Surgical Options

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristen M. Kelly

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Treatment of epilepsy often imposes an exposure to various antiepileptic drugs and requires long-term commitment and compliance from the patient. Although many new medications are now available for the treatment of epilepsy, approximately 30% of epilepsy patients still experience recurrent seizures and many experience undesirable side effects. Treatment of epilepsy requires a multidisciplinary approach. For those patients with medically refractory seizures, surgical treatment has increased in prevalence as techniques and devices improve. With increased utilization, proper patient selection has become crucial in evaluating appropriateness of surgical intervention. Epilepsy syndromes in which surgery has shown to be effective include mesial temporal sclerosis, cortical dysplasia, many pediatric epilepsy syndromes, and vascular malformations. Monitoring in an epilepsy monitoring unit with continuous scalp or intracranial EEG is an important step in localization of seizure focus. MRI is the standard imaging technique for evaluation of anatomy. However, other imaging studies including SPECT and PET have become more widespread, often offering increased diagnostic value in select situations. In addition, as an alternative or adjunct to surgical resection, implantable devices such as vagus nerve stimulators, deep brain stimulators, and direct brain stimulators could be useful in seizure treatment.

  1. Surgical treatment strategy for multiple injury patients in ICU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Lian-yang; YAO Yuan-zhang; JIANG Dong-po; ZHOU Jian; HUANG Xian-kai; SHEN Yue; HUANG Jian

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the surgical treatment for patients with multiple injuries in ICU.Methods: Clinical data of 163 multiple injury patients admitted to ICU of our hospital from January 2006 to January 2009 were retrospectively studied, including 118 males and 45 females, with the mean age of 36.2 years (range, 5-67 years). The injury regions included head and neck (29 cases),face (32 cases), chest (89 cases), abdomen (77 cases), pelvis and limbs (91 cases) and body surface (83 cases). There were 57 cases combined with shock. ISS values varied from 10 to 54, 18.42 on average. Patients received surgical treatments in ICU within respectively 24 hours (10 cases), 24-48 hours (8 cases), 3-7 days (7 cases) and 8-14 days (23 cases).Results: Forthe 163 patients, the duration of ICU stay ranged from 2 to 29 days, with the average value of 7.56 days. Among them, 143 were cured (87.73%), 11 died in the hospital (6.75%) due to severe hemorrhagic shock (6 cases),craniocerebral injury (3 cases) and multiple organ failure (2 cases), and 9 died after voluntarily discharging from hospital (5.52%). The total mortality rate was 12.27%.Conclusions: The damage control principle should be followed when multiple injury patients are resuscitated in ICU. Surgical treatment strategies include actively controlling hemorrhage, treating the previously missed injuries and related wounds or surgical complications and performing planned staging operations.

  2. Prevalence of malnutrition in general surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoun, J P; Baroudi, J; Geahchan, N

    1993-01-01

    The possibility of protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM) was studied on one hundred consecutive patients admitted to the department of surgery at the Saint Georges Hospital, Beirut, during the months of April and June 1991, regardless of age, sex and socio-economic status. Data was completed on 94 of those cases. Multiple parameters were studied, including measurements of triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness, mid-arm muscle circumference, percent weight loss, creatinine height index, serum albumin and transferrin levels and total lymphocyte count. We found a prevalence of 81%, 65%, 53% and 31% of PCM, if one, two, three or at least four abnormal parameters are used respectively, to assess malnutrition. Defining malnutrition as the presence of at least three abnormal parameters, we conclude that 53% of the patients, on admission to the department of surgery, had evidence of PCM. Further studies are required to assess the impact of this prevalence on length of stay, morbidity and mortality.

  3. Evacuation of Intensive Care Units During Disaster: Learning From the Hurricane Sandy Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Mary A; Dorfman, Molly V; Einav, Sharon; Niven, Alex S; Kissoon, Niranjan; Grissom, Colin K

    2016-02-01

    Data on best practices for evacuating an intensive care unit (ICU) during a disaster are limited. The impact of Hurricane Sandy on New York City area hospitals provided a unique opportunity to learn from the experience of ICU providers about their preparedness, perspective, roles, and activities. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of nurses, respiratory therapists, and physicians who played direct roles during the Hurricane Sandy ICU evacuations. Sixty-eight health care professionals from 4 evacuating hospitals completed surveys (35% ICU nurses, 21% respiratory therapists, 25% physicians-in-training, and 13% attending physicians). Only 21% had participated in an ICU evacuation drill in the past 2 years and 28% had prior training or real-life experience. Processes were inconsistent for patient prioritization, tracking, transport medications, and transport care. Respondents identified communication (43%) as the key barrier to effective evacuation. The equipment considered most helpful included flashlights (24%), transport sleds (21%), and oxygen tanks and respiratory therapy supplies (19%). An evacuation wish list included walkie-talkies/phones (26%), lighting/electricity (18%), flashlights (10%), and portable ventilators and suction (16%). ICU providers who evacuated critically ill patients during Hurricane Sandy had little prior knowledge of evacuation processes or vertical evacuation experience. The weakest links in the patient evacuation process were communication and the availability of practical tools. Incorporating ICU providers into hospital evacuation planning and training, developing standard evacuation communication processes and tools, and collecting a uniform dataset among all evacuating hospitals could better inform critical care evacuation in the future.

  4. Surgical results of strabismus correction in patients with myelomeningocele

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayane Cristine Issaho

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Myelomeningocele is one of the most common birth defects. It is associated with severe neurological deficiencies, and ocular changes, such as strabismus, are very common. The purpose of this study was to describe indications for strabismus surgery in patients with myelomeningocele and to evaluate the results achieved with surgical correction. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed records of all patients with myelomeningocele who underwent surgery for strabismus correction in a 5-year period in an institution for disabled children. Results: The main indications for strabismus surgery were esotropia and A-pattern anisotropia. Excellent surgical results were achieved in 60.9% of patients, satisfactory in 12.2%, and unsatisfactory in 26.9%. Conclusion: Patients with myelomeningocele and strabismus had a high incidence of esotropia and A-pattern anisotropia. Strabismus surgery in these patients had an elevated percentage of excellent and satisfactory results, not only for the ocular deviation, but also for improvement of head posture.

  5. Surgical management of bilateral bronchiectases: results in 29 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghajanzadeh, Manucher; Sarshad, Ali; Amani, Hosin; Alavy, Ali

    2006-06-01

    Bronchiectasis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Staged bilateral segmental resection of the lungs is performed in selected patients. Our experience of surgical removal of 87 bilateral bronchiectases in 29 patients during an 11-year period was reviewed retrospectively. High-resolution computed tomography was performed preoperatively in all patients to locate the anatomic sites of bronchiectasis. The mortality and morbidity of the surgical procedure, clinical symptoms, age distribution, etiology, bacteriology, and operative procedures were analyzed. There were 22 males (76%) and 7 females (24%), aged 5 to 60 years, with a mean age of 30 years. Complications developed in 11 patients (38%); atelectasia was the most common (14%). There was one hospital death. Clinical symptoms disappeared in 19 (66%) patients, improved in 5 (17%), and were unchanged in 4 (14%). Staged bilateral resection for bronchiectases can be performed at any age with acceptable morbidity and mortality.

  6. Aspirin increases the risk of venous thromboembolism in surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barmparas, Galinos; Jain, Monica; Mehrzadi, Devorah; Melo, Nicolas; Chung, Rex; Bloom, Matthew; Ley, Eric J; Margulies, Daniel R

    2014-10-01

    The risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) for patients taking an antiplatelet agent is largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the association between antiplatelet agent use before admission with the risk of in-hospital VTE in surgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients. A retrospective review of all patients admitted to the surgical ICU at a Level I trauma center over 30 months was performed. Patients who underwent diagnostic imaging for VTE were selected. Patients were divided based on whether or not antiplatelet agents were used before admission (APTA vs NAPTA). The primary outcome was VTE occurrence. A forward logistic regression model was used to identify factors independently associated with the primary outcome. During the study period, 461 (24%) patients met inclusion criteria: 70 (15%) APTA and 391 (85%) NAPTA. After adjusting for confounding factors, APTA patients were at a significantly higher risk for developing VTE (59 vs 40%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.0 to 3.0; adjusted P = 0.04). Whether or not antiplatelet agents were resumed during the hospital stay and the day on which they were resumed did not affect VTE risk. In conclusion, surgical ICU patients receiving antiplatelet agents before admission are at a significantly higher risk for development of VTE.

  7. [Cervical spine instability in the surgical patient].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbeito, A; Guerri-Guttenberg, R A

    2014-03-01

    Many congenital and acquired diseases, including trauma, may result in cervical spine instability. Given that airway management is closely related to the movement of the cervical spine, it is important that the anesthesiologist has detailed knowledge of the anatomy, the mechanisms of cervical spine instability, and of the effects that the different airway maneuvers have on the cervical spine. We first review the normal anatomy and biomechanics of the cervical spine in the context of airway management and the concept of cervical spine instability. In the second part, we review the protocols for the management of cervical spine instability in trauma victims and some of the airway management options for these patients.

  8. Principles of thromboprophylaxis in surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husted, S E

    1991-01-01

    Thromboprophylactic treatment during surgery reduces mortality and morbidity. The type of prophylaxis may be individualized according to type of operation and presence of major risk factors, such as prior thromboembolism, malignancy, long duration of immobilization, and medical conditions. All patients over the age of 40, or even younger, who have major risk factors, and whose operations will last for more than 1 hour, may benefit from thromboprophylaxis. Available prophylactic methods allow for treatment with an acceptably low level of side effects and economic cost, when compared with the cost of diagnostics and treatment of thromboembolism.

  9. [Croatian guidelines for perioperative enteral nutrition of surgical patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelić, Marko; Bender, Darija Vranesić; Kelecić, Dina Ljubas; Zupan, Zeljko; Cicvarić, Tedi; Maldini, Branka; Durut, Iva; Rahelić, Velimir; Skegro, Mate; Majerović, Mate; Perko, Zdravko; Sustić, Alan; Madzar, Tomislav; Kovacić, Borna; Kekez, Tihomir; Krznarić, Zeljko

    2014-01-01

    Nutritional status of patients significantly affects the outcome of surgical treatment, whether it's about being obese or malnutrition with loss of muscle mass. Inadequate nutritional support in the perioperative period compromises surgical procedures even in patients who are adequately nourished. In this paper, particular attention was paid to malnourished patients, and their incidence in population hospitalized in surgical wards can be high up to 30%. Special emphasis was paid to the appropriateness of preoperative fasting and to the acceptance of new knowledge in this area of treatment. The aim of this working group was to make guidelines for perioperative nutritional support with different modalities of enteral nutrition. The development of these guidelines was attended by representatives of Croatian Medical Association: Croatian Society for Digestive Surgery, Croatian Society for Clinical Nutrition, Croatian Society of Surgery, Croatian Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Croatian Trauma Society and the Croatian Society of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care. The guidelines are designed as a set of questions that arise daily in clinical practice when preparing patients for surgery and after the surgical treatment, which relate to the assessment of nutritional status, perioperative nutritional support, duration of preoperative fasting period and the selection of food intake route. Assessment of nutritional status and the use of different modes of enteral nutrition should enter into standard protocols of diagnosis and treatment in the Croatian hospitals.

  10. Pharmaceutical care in surgical patients: Tools for measurement and intervention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, M.

    2015-01-01

    Assessing and improving the quality of pharmaceutical care is a major issue in hospitals nowadays. Medication safety strategies are being developed and widely introduced in hospitals to reduce medication-related harm. Surgical patients are at risk for medication-related harm, also called adverse

  11. [AIDS patients--the surgical and deontological problems].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iarŭmov, N; Viiachki, I; Topov, Ia; Rachev, P

    1990-01-01

    A case is reported of acquired immunodeficiency, in whom operative intervention was performed. A series of problems of surgical and deontologic aspect are raised, which ought to be solved without inducing mental trauma to the patients. Paralleling this, measures should be taken, to reduce to a minimum the risk of nosocomial infection to the medical staff.

  12. Surgical intervention for esophageal atresia in patients with trisomy 18.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishi, Eriko; Takamizawa, Shigeru; Iio, Kenji; Yamada, Yasumasa; Yoshizawa, Katsumi; Hatata, Tomoko; Hiroma, Takehiko; Mizuno, Seiji; Kawame, Hiroshi; Fukushima, Yoshimitsu; Nakamura, Tomohiko; Kosho, Tomoki

    2014-02-01

    Trisomy 18 is a common chromosomal aberration syndrome involving growth impairment, various malformations, poor prognosis, and severe developmental delay in survivors. Although esophageal atresia (EA) with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is a potentially fatal complication that can only be rescued through surgical correction, no reports have addressed the efficacy of surgical intervention for EA in patients with trisomy 18. We reviewed detailed clinical information of 24 patients with trisomy 18 and EA who were admitted to two neonatal intensive care units in Japan and underwent intensive treatment including surgical interventions from 1982 to 2009. Nine patients underwent only palliative surgery, including six who underwent only gastrostomy or both gastrostomy and jejunostomy (Group 1) and three who underwent gastrostomy and TEF division (Group 2). The other 15 patients underwent radical surgery, including 10 who underwent single-stage esophago-esophagostomy with TEF division (Group 3) and five who underwent two-stage operation (gastrostomy followed by esophago-esophagostomy with TEF division) (Group 4). No intraoperative death or anesthetic complications were noted. Enteral feeding was accomplished in 17 patients, three of whom were fed orally. Three patients could be discharged home. The 1-year survival rate was 17%: 27% in those receiving radical surgery (Groups 3 and 4); 0% in those receiving palliative surgery (Groups 1 and 2). Most causes of death were related to cardiac complications. EA is not an absolute poor prognostic factor in patients with trisomy 18 undergoing radical surgery for EA and intensive cardiac management.

  13. Surgical Outcomes for Mastectomy Patients Receiving Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Megan E.; Mone, Mary C.; Buys, Saundra S.; Sheng, Xiaoming; Nelson, Edward W.

    2017-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the risk of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for surgical morbidity after mastectomy with or without reconstruction using 1:1 matching. Background: Postoperative surgical complications remain a potentially preventable event for breast cancer patients undergoing mastectomy. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is among variables identified as contributory to risk, but it has not been rigorously evaluated as a principal causal influence. Methods: Data from American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2006–2012) were used to identify females with invasive breast cancer undergoing planned mastectomy. Surgical cases categorized as clean and undergoing no secondary procedures unrelated to mastectomy were included. A 1:1 matched propensity analysis was performed using neoadjuvant chemotherapy within 30 days of surgery as treatment. A total of 12 preoperative variables were used with additional procedure matching: bilateral mastectomy, nodal surgery, tissue, and/or implant. Outcomes examined were 4 wound occurrences, sepsis, and unplanned return to the operating room. Results: We identified 31,130 patient procedures with 2488 (7.5%) receiving chemotherapy. We matched 2411 cases, with probability of treatment being 0.005 to 0.470 in both cohorts. Superficial wound complication was the most common wound event, 2.24% in neoadjuvant-treated versus 2.45% in those that were not (P = 0.627). The rate of return to the operating room was 5.7% in the neoadjuvant group versus 5.2% in those that were not (P = 0.445). The rate of sepsis was 0.37% in the neoadjuvant group versus 0.46% in those that were not (P = 0.654). Conclusions: This large, matched cohort study, controlled for preoperative risk factors and most importantly for the surgical procedure performed, demonstrates that breast cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy have no increased risk for surgical morbidity. PMID:27280515

  14. Anesthetic Implications of Obesity in the Surgical Patient

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dority, Jeremy; Hassan, Zaki-Udin; Chau, Destiny

    2011-01-01

    The obese patient presents many challenges to both anesthesiologist and surgeon. A good understanding of the pathophysiologic effects of obesity and its anesthetic implications in the surgical setting is critical. The anesthesiologist must recognize increased risks and comorbidities inherent to the obese patient and manage accordingly, optimizing multisystem function in the perioperative period that leads to successful outcomes. Addressed from an organ systems approach, the purpose of this review is to provide surgical specialists with an overview of the anesthetic considerations of obesity. Minimally invasive surgery for the obese patient affords improved analgesia, postoperative pulmonary function, and shorter recovery times at the expense of a more challenging intraoperative anesthetic course. The physiologic effects of laparoscopy are discussed in detail. Although laparoscopy's physiologic effects on various organ systems are well recognized, techniques provide means for compensation and reversing such effects, thereby preserving good patient outcomes. PMID:23204937

  15. Exploring challenges and solutions in the preparation of surgical patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Thea Palsgaard; Münter, Kristine Husum; Østergaard, Doris;

    2015-01-01

    guidelines and to identify challenges and solutions for correct preparation through interactive table simulation-based workshops involving the various professions and specialties. METHODS: Firstly, specific tasks in the hospital guidelines were monitored for all surgical procedures during one week. Secondly...... management system tasks, 26% of anaesthesia record tasks, 24% of medication tasks, 14% of blood test tasks and 12% of patient record tasks. In two workshops held for each of four specialties, a total of 21 participants mapped the preoperative patient journey with related responsibilities, tasks and written...... documentation. Furthermore, challenges and suggestions for solutions were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Completion of mandatory tasks for surgical patient preparation was poor. Workshops with table simulations actively involved the stakeholders from various professions and specialties in describing the patient...

  16. Evacuation drill at CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    Niels Dupont-Sagorin and Christoph Schaefer

    2012-01-01

    Training personnel, including evacuation guides and shifters, checking procedures, improving collaboration with the CERN Fire Brigade: the first real-life evacuation drill at CMS took place on Friday 3 February from 12p.m. to 3p.m. in the two caverns located at Point 5 of the LHC.   CERN personnel during the evacuation drill at CMS. Evacuation drills are required by law and have to be organized periodically in all areas of CERN, both above and below ground. The last drill at CMS, which took place in June 2007, revealed some desiderata, most notably the need for a public address system. With this equipment in place, it is now possible to broadcast audio messages from the CMS control room to the underground areas.   The CMS Technical Coordination Team and the GLIMOS have focused particularly on preparing collaborators for emergency situations by providing training and organizing regular safety drills with the HSE Unit and the CERN Fire Brigade. This Friday, the practical traini...

  17. Umbilical hernia in patients with liver cirrhosis: A surgical challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coelho, Julio C U; Claus, Christiano M P; Campos, Antonio C L; Costa, Marco A R; Blum, Caroline

    2016-07-27

    Umbilical hernia occurs in 20% of the patients with liver cirrhosis complicated with ascites. Due to the enormous intraabdominal pressure secondary to the ascites, umbilical hernia in these patients has a tendency to enlarge rapidly and to complicate. The treatment of umbilical hernia in these patients is a surgical challenge. Ascites control is the mainstay to reduce hernia recurrence and postoperative complications, such as wound infection, evisceration, ascites drainage, and peritonitis. Intermittent paracentesis, temporary peritoneal dialysis catheter or transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt may be necessary to control ascites. Hernia repair is indicated in patients in whom medical treatment is effective in controlling ascites. Patients who have a good perspective to be transplanted within 3-6 mo, herniorrhaphy should be performed during transplantation. Hernia repair with mesh is associated with lower recurrence rate, but with higher surgical site infection when compared to hernia correction with conventional fascial suture. There is no consensus on the best abdominal wall layer in which the mesh should be placed: Onlay, sublay, or underlay. Many studies have demonstrated several advantages of the laparoscopic umbilical herniorrhaphy in cirrhotic patients compared with open surgical treatment.

  18. Umbilical hernia in patients with liver cirrhosis: A surgical challenge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Julio CU Coelho; Christiano MP Claus; Antonio CL Campos; Marco AR Costa; Caroline Blum

    2016-01-01

    Umbilical hernia occurs in 20% of the patients with liver cirrhosis complicated with ascites. Due to the enormous intraabdominal pressure secondary to the ascites, umbilical hernia in these patients has a tendency to enlarge rapidly and to complicate. The treatment of umbilical hernia in these patients is a surgical challenge. Ascites control is the mainstay to reduce hernia recurrence and postoperative complications, such as wound infection, evisceration, ascites drainage, and peritonitis. Intermittent paracentesis, temporary peritoneal dialysis catheter or transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt may be necessary to control ascites. Hernia repair is indicated in patients in whom medical treatment is effective in controlling ascites. Patients who have a good perspective to be transplanted within 3-6 mo, herniorrhaphy should be performed during transplantation. Hernia repair with mesh is associated with lower recurrence rate, but with higher surgical site infection when compared to hernia correction with conventional fascial suture. There is no consensus on the best abdominal wall layer in which the mesh should be placed: Onlay, sublay, or underlay. Many studies have demonstrated several advantages of the laparoscopic umbilical herniorrhaphy in cirrhotic patients compared with open surgical treatment.

  19. Patients at High-Risk for Surgical Site Infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueck, Krislynn M; Kao, Lillian S

    Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a significant healthcare quality issue, resulting in increased morbidity, disability, length of stay, resource utilization, and costs. Identification of high-risk patients may improve pre-operative counseling, inform resource utilization, and allow modifications in peri-operative management to optimize outcomes. Review of the pertinent English-language literature. High-risk surgical patients may be identified on the basis of individual risk factors or combinations of factors. In particular, statistical models and risk calculators may be useful in predicting infectious risks, both in general and for SSIs. These models differ in the number of variables; inclusion of pre-operative, intra-operative, or post-operative variables; ease of calculation; and specificity for particular procedures. Furthermore, the models differ in their accuracy in stratifying risk. Biomarkers may be a promising way to identify patients at high risk of infectious complications. Although multiple strategies exist for identifying surgical patients at high risk for SSIs, no one strategy is superior for all patients. Further efforts are necessary to determine if risk stratification in combination with risk modification can reduce SSIs in these patient populations.

  20. Surgical errors and risks - the head and neck cancer patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harréus, Ulrich

    2013-12-13

    Head and neck surgery is one of the basic principles of head and neck cancer therapy. Surgical errors and malpractice can have fatal consequences for the treated patients. It can lead to functional impairment and has impact in future chances for disease related survival. There are many risks for head and neck surgeons that can cause errors and malpractice. To avoid surgical mistakes, thorough preoperative management of patients is mandatory. As there are ensuring operability, cautious evaluation of preoperative diagnostics and operative planning. Moreover knowledge of anatomical structures of the head and neck, of the medical studies and data as well as qualification in modern surgical techniques and the surgeons ability for critical self assessment are basic and important prerequisites for head and neck surgeons in order to make out risks and to prevent from mistakes. Additionally it is important to have profound knowledge in nutrition management of cancer patients, wound healing and to realize and to be able to deal with complications, when they occur. Despite all precaution and surgical care, errors and mistakes cannot always be avoided. For that it is important to be able to deal with mistakes and to establish an appropriate and clear communication and management for such events. The manuscript comments on recognition and prevention of risks and mistakes in the preoperative, operative and postoperative phase of head and neck cancer surgery.

  1. Surgical treatment of breast cancer in previously augmented patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karanas, Yvonne L; Leong, Darren S; Da Lio, Andrew; Waldron, Kathleen; Watson, James P; Chang, Helena; Shaw, William W

    2003-03-01

    The incidence of breast cancer is increasing each year. Concomitantly, cosmetic breast augmentation has become the second most often performed cosmetic surgical procedure. As the augmented patient population ages, an increasing number of breast cancer cases among previously augmented women can be anticipated. The surgical treatment of these patients is controversial, with several questions remaining unanswered. Is breast conservation therapy feasible in this patient population and can these patients retain their implants? A retrospective review of all breast cancer patients with a history of previous augmentation mammaplasty who were treated at the Revlon/UCLA Breast Center between 1991 and 2001 was performed. During the study period, 58 patients were treated. Thirty patients (52 percent) were treated with a modified radical mastectomy with implant removal. Twenty-eight patients (48 percent) underwent breast conservation therapy, which consisted of lumpectomy, axillary lymph node dissection, and radiotherapy. Twenty-two of the patients who underwent breast conservation therapy initially retained their implants. Eleven of those 22 patients (50 percent) ultimately required completion mastectomies with implant removal because of implant complications (two patients), local recurrences (five patients), or the inability to obtain negative margins (four patients). Nine additional patients experienced complications resulting from their implants, including contracture, erosion, pain, and rupture. The data illustrate that breast conservation therapy with maintenance of the implant is not ideal for the majority of augmented patients. Breast conservation therapy with explantation and mastopexy might be appropriate for rare patients with large volumes of native breast tissue. Mastectomy with immediate reconstruction might be a more suitable choice for these patients.

  2. Pneumatosis Intestinalis: Can We Avoid Surgical Intervention in Nonsurgical Patients?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayman Al-Talib

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI is the presence of gas within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract and represents a tremendous spectrum of conditions and outcomes, ranging from benign diseases to abdominal sepsis and death. It is seen with increased frequency in patients who are immunocompromised because of steroids, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or AIDS. PI may result from intraluminal bacterial gas entering the bowel wall due to increased mucosal permeability caused by defects in bowel wall lymphoid tissue. We present a case of PI who was treated conservatively and in whom PI resolved completely and we present a literature review of conservative management. It is not difficult to make a precise diagnosis of PI and to prevent unnecessary surgical intervention, especially when PI presents without clinical evidence of peritonitis. Conservative treatment is possible and safe for selected patients. Awareness of these rare causes of PI and close observation of selected patients without peritonitis may prevent unnecessary invasive surgical explorations.

  3. BRUCELLA ENDOCARDITIS IN IRANIAN PATIENTS: COMBINED MEDICAL AND SURGICAL TREATMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahim Nematipour

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Brucella endocarditis is a Tare but serious complication ofbrucellosis and is the main cause of death reuuedto thisdisease: Itis not rare in the endemic areas and aaualiy accounts for up to 8~lO% ofendocarditis infections: We report seven adult cases of brucella endocarditis in lmam-Khorneini Hospual: Contrary to previous independent reports, female patients were not rare in this study and accountedfor three out ofseven. Four patients were cared for by combined medical and surgical treatment and were recovered Three of the patients that did not receive the combined theraPl could not he saved This report confirms the necessity of prompt combined medical and surgical treatment ofbrucella endocarditis.

  4. Seizure Outcomes in Patients With Surgically Treated Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von der Brelie, Christian; Simon, Matthias; Esche, Jonas; Schramm, Johannes; Boström, Azize

    2015-11-01

    Epilepsy is the second most common symptom in cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) patients. The consecutive reduction of life quality is a clinically underrated problem because treatment usually focuses on the prevention of intracerebral hemorrhage. To evaluate postoperative seizure outcome with the aim of more accurate counseling for postoperative seizure outcome. From 1985 to 2012, 293 patients with an AVM were surgically treated by J.S. One hundred twenty-six patients with preoperative seizures or epilepsy could be identified; 103 of 126 had a follow-up of at least 12 months and were included in the analysis. The different epilepsy subtypes were categorized (sporadic seizures, chronic epilepsy, drug-resistant epilepsy [DRE]). Preoperative workup and surgical technique were evaluated. Seizure outcome was analyzed by using International League Against Epilepsy classification. Sporadic seizures were identified in 41% of patients (chronic epilepsy and DRE were identified in 36% and 23%, respectively). Detailed preoperative epileptological workup was done in 13%. Seizure freedom was achieved in 77% (79% at 5 years, 84% at 10 years). Outcome was significantly poorer in DRE cases. More extensive resection was performed in 11 cases with longstanding symptoms (>24 months) and resulted in better seizure outcome as well as the short duration of preoperative seizure history. Patients presenting with AVM-associated epilepsy have a favorable seizure outcome after surgical treatment. Long-standing epilepsy and the progress into DRE markedly deteriorate the chances to obtain seizure freedom and should be considered an early factor in establishing the indication for AVM removal.

  5. The importance and provision of oral hygiene in surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Samuel J

    2008-10-01

    The provision of mouth care on the general surgical ward and intensive care setting has recently gained momentum as an important aspect of patient care. Oropharyngeal morbidity can cause pain and disordered swallowing leading to reluctance in commencing or maintaining an adequate dietary intake. On the intensive care unit, aside from patient discomfort and general well-being, oral hygiene is integral to the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Chlorhexidine (0.2%) is widely used to decrease oral bacterial loading, dental bacterial plaque and gingivitis. Pineapple juice has gained favour as a salivary stimulant in those with a dry mouth or coated tongue. Tooth brushing is the ideal method of promoting oral hygiene. Brushing is feasible in the vast majority, although access is problematic in ventilated patients. Surgical patients undergoing palliative treatment are particularly prone to oral morbidity that may require specific but simple remedies. Neglect of basic aspects of patient care, typified by poor oral hygiene, can be detrimental to surgical outcome.

  6. [Care and implications for caregivers of surgical patients at home].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chirveches-Pérez, Emilia; Roca-Closa, Josep; Puigoriol-Juvanteny, Emma; Ubeda-Bonet, Inmaculada; Subirana-Casacuberta, Mireia; Moreno-Casbas, María Teresa

    2014-01-01

    To identify the care given by informal caregivers to patients who underwent abdominal surgery in the Consorci Hospitalari of Vic (Barcelona). To compare the responsibility burden for those caregivers in all the different stages of the surgical process. To determine the consequences of the care itself on the caregiver's health and to identify the factors that contribute to the need of providing care and the appearance of consequences for the caregivers in the home. A longitudinal observational study with follow-up at admission, at discharge and 10 days, of 317 non-paid caregivers of patients who suffer underwent surgery. The characteristics of caregivers and surgical patients were studied. The validated questionnaire, ICUB97-R based on the model by Virginia Henderson, was used to measure the care provided by informal caregivers and its impact on patient quality of life. Most of the caregivers were women, with an average age of 52.9±13.7 years without any previous experience as caregivers. The greater intensity of care and impact was observed in the time when they arrived home after hospital discharge (p<0.05). The predictive variables of repercussions were being a dependent patient before the surgical intervention (β=2.93, p=0.007), having a cancer diagnosis (β=2.87, p<.001) and time dedicated to the care process (β=0.07, p=0.018). Caregivers involved in the surgical process provide a great amount of care at home depending on the characteristics of patients they care for, and it affects their quality of life. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  7. Behavior-based evacuation planning

    KAUST Repository

    Rodriguez, Samuel

    2010-05-01

    In this work, we present a formulation of an evacuation planning problem that is inspired by motion planning and describe an integrated behavioral agent-based and roadmap-based motion planning approach to solve it. Our formulation allows users to test the effect on evacuation of a number of different environmental factors. One of our main focuses is to provide a mechanism to investigate how the interaction between agents influences the resulting evacuation plans. Specifically, we explore how various types of control provided by a set of directing agents effects the overall evacuation planning strategies of the evacuating agents. ©2010 IEEE.

  8. THE RESULTS OF SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH ADRENAL TUMORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Kostin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant adrenal tumors such as adrenocortical cancer (ACC and malignant pheochromocytoma (MPCC have a particularly aggressive course, leading to higher mortality in these patients, especially in the later stages of the disease. In this regard, there is a statistically significant difference in survival of patients, depending on the time of detection and initiation of treatment.Purpose. Analysis of the results of surgical treatment of patients with adrenal tumors.Patients and methods. 55 patients aged from 17 to 75 years (median 50 ± 13 years with primary tumor neoplasms of the adrenal gland underwent surgical treatment in the period from 1999 to 2014 in the Department of Onco-urology, P. Hertsen MORI. 18 adrenalectomy (32,7% completed laparoscopy, 36 (65,5% – open access, 1 (1,8% – videoassistance. Among them, retroperitoneal lymph node dissection with ipsilateral hand made in 14 (25.5%, combined operations with resection of adjacent organs – 7 (12,7%, thrombectomy with resection of the inferior Vena cava – 3 (5,5% cases. The median time was 100 ± 73 minutes in open surgical procedures – 183 ± 55 minutes, laparoscopic – 60 ± 30 minutes. The volume of blood loss – 300 ± 1136 ml. According to the routine morphological studies, 24 (43,6% patients the tumor were benign, the remaining 31 (56,4% – malignant.Results. Long-term results have been traced in 84% of patients in group with ACC. The observation time for patients varied from 2 to 167 months, with a median of 64.5 (IQR 22–111 months. Median survival without progression and 5-year overall and tumor survival was: I stage – 93 months and 67 ± 13%, II stage – 30 months and 75 ± 21%, III stage– 18 months and 67 ± 27%, IV stage – 10 months and 25 ± 21%. The observation time for patients with MPCC varies from 12 to 102 months, with a median of 60 (IQR 18–102 months. Median survival without progression was 26 (IQR 15 to 38 months, 5-year overall and tumor survival

  9. Acute limb ischemia in cancer patients: should we surgically intervene?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Tsang, Julian S

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Cancer patients have an increased risk of venous thromboembolic events. Certain chemotherapeutic agents have also been associated with the development of thrombosis. Reported cases of acute arterial ischemic episodes in cancer patients are rare. METHODS: Patients who underwent surgery for acute limb ischemia associated with malignancy in a university teaching hospital over a 10-year period were identified. Patient demographics, cancer type, chemotherapy use, site of thromboembolism, treatment and outcome were recorded. RESULTS: Four hundred nineteen patients underwent surgical intervention for acute arterial ischemia, 16 of these patients (3.8%) had associated cancer. Commonest cancer sites were the urogenital tract (n = 5) and the lungs (n = 5). Eight patients (50%) had been recently diagnosed with cancer, and four (25%) of these cancers were incidental findings after presentation with acute limb ischemia. Four patients (25%) developed acute ischemia during chemotherapy. The superficial femoral artery was the most frequent site of occlusion (50%), followed by the brachial (18%) and popliteal (12%) arteries. All patients underwent thromboembolectomy, but two (12%) patients subsequently required a bypass procedure. Six patients (37%) had limb loss, and in-patient mortality was 12%. Histology revealed that all occlusions were due to thromboembolism, with no tumor cells identified. At follow-up, 44% of patients were found to be alive after 1 year. CONCLUSION: Cancer and chemotherapy can predispose patients to acute arterial ischemia. Unlike other reports that view this finding as a preterminal event most appropriately treated by palliative measures, in this series, early diagnosis and surgical intervention enabled limb salvage and patient survival.

  10. KYPHECTOMY IN PATIENTS WITH MYELOMENINGOCELE: SURGICAL RESULTS AND COMPLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Araujo Petersen

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives:The lumbar kyphosis in patients with myelomeningocele is a complex deformity whose treatment is mainly surgical. The objective of this study is to summarize the results and complications obtained by the group in 2012 with respect to this group of patients.Method:Performed a retrospective analysis of the medical records and radiographs of patients consecutively operated in 2012. The technique was originally described by Dunn-McCarthy and consists of kyphectomy and posterior fixation using S-shaped Luque rods through the foramina of S1 associated with pedicle screws in the thoracic spine.Results:Six patients were included in the study. The age at surgery was 11 years and 7±22 months and the weight was 29.1±11.9 kg. The procedure lasted 271±87 minutes, with the removal of one or two (mean 1.5 vertebrae from the apex of the kyphosis. Hospitalization time was 10±9 days. The lumbar kyphosis measuring 116.3±37 degrees preoperatively was reduced to 62.5±21 degrees. All patients began to sit without support and to lie in the supine position. Four patients developed postoperative infection and required surgical debridement at the follow-up. One patient had the implant removed after a year due to loosening of the rod in the sacrum.Conclusion:The surgical technique allows excellent functional results in the correction of lumbar kyphosis in patients with myelomeningocele despite high complication rates. It is necessary to conduct studies with a larger number of patients and duration of follow-up to assess whether the use of pedicle screws will decrease the rate of loosening and pseudoarthrosis.

  11. Surgical Treatment of Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome in Pediatric Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Jennifer J; Tepolt, Frances A; Miller, Patricia E; Micheli, Lyle J; Kocher, Mininder S

    2016-10-01

    Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a cause of leg pain in running athletes and is treated with fasciotomy after failure of nonoperative management. CECS is being seen with increased frequency in younger patients. The demographics and outcomes of fasciotomy for CECS in pediatric patients, including risk factors for treatment failure, have not been described. To describe characteristics of pediatric patients with CECS and determine surgical outcomes of the condition in this population. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. A retrospective review was performed for patients 18 years and younger treated surgically for CECS with compartment release at a single institution from 1995 to 2014. Demographic and condition characteristics, operative procedure, postoperative course, and clinical outcomes were recorded for 286 legs of 155 patients. Compartment pressure testing using the Pedowitz criteria confirmed the diagnosis in all patients. A total of 155 patients were included in the study (average patient age at presentation, 16.4 ± 1.38 years); 136 (88%) were female. All 155 patients presented with leg pain; of these patients, 8 (5%) also had neurologic symptoms, and 131 (85%) presented with bilateral symptoms requiring bilateral compartment release. Symptoms were chronic in nature, with duration over 1 year in 63% of patients. The primary sport was most commonly reported as running (25%), soccer (23%), or field hockey (12%); 50% of patients were multisport athletes. Of 286 legs, 138 (48%) had only anterior and/or lateral compartments released, while 84 (29.4%) had all 4 compartments released. Documented return to sport was seen in 79.5% of patients. Outcomes analysis was performed for 250 of 286 legs. Of these 250 legs, 47 (18.8%) had recurrent CECS requiring reoperation at a median of 1.3 years (interquartile range, 0.8-3.5) after initial compartment release. For each additional month between presentation and release, the odds of recurrence decreased by 12

  12. Admissible Evacuation Time

    OpenAIRE

    Jemeļjanovs, V; Malahova, J; Ziemelis, M; Bartušauskis, J; Sņegovs, O

    2012-01-01

    Fire always is unexpected. Therefore, to decrease count of victims during the panic, it is essential to timely leave a dangerous place. Unfortunately, quick and smooth evacuation is not possible in many buildings where fire safety should be at the highest level. One of the greatest civil threat risks is obstacles that impede escape from fire or other incident that can happen in the building. Therefore, more precise research and methododoly are needed for determination ...

  13. Economic considerations of antifungal prophylaxis in patients undergoing surgical procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Adriana Cataldo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Maria Adriana Cataldo, Nicola PetrosilloSecond Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, “Lazzaro Spallanzani”, Rome, ItalyAbstract: Fungi are a frequent cause of nosocomial infections, with an incidence that has increased significantly in recent years, especially among critically ill patients who require intensive care unit (ICU admission. Among ICU patients, postsurgical patients have a higher risk of Candida infections in the bloodstream. In consideration of the high incidence of fungal infections in these patients, their strong impact on mortality rate, and of the difficulties in Candida diagnosis, some experts suggest the use of antifungal prophylaxis in critically ill surgical patients. A clinical benefit from this strategy has been demonstrated, but the economic impact of the use of antifungal prophylaxis in surgical patients has not been systematically evaluated, and its cost–benefit ratio has not been defined. Whereas the costs associated with treating fungal infections are very high, the cost of antifungal drugs varies from affordable (ie, the older azoles to expensive (ie, echinocandins, polyenes, and the newer azoles. Adverse drug-related effects and the possibly increased incidence of fluconazole resistance and of isolates other than Candida albicans must also be taken into account. From the published studies of antifungal prophylaxis in surgical patients, a likely economic benefit of this strategy could be inferred, but its usefulness and cost–benefits should be evaluated in light of local data, because the available evidence does not permit general recommendations.Keywords: antifungal prophylaxis, cost-effectiveness, economics, surgery, fungal infection 

  14. Surgical strategies for petroclival meningioma in 57 patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Pei-liang; MAO Ying; ZHU Wei; ZHAO Nai-qing; ZHAO Yao; CHEN Liang

    2010-01-01

    Background Resection of petroclival meningioma (PCM) is difficult for neurosurgeons and usually brings poor performance status. In this study, we evaluated the possible risk factors for unfavorable clinical outcomes of surgical treatment of PCM, and tried to explore the optimal surgical strategies for better postoperative quality of life.Methods We recruited 57 patients (14 male, 43 female, mean age, 50.5 years) who underwent surgical resection of PCM in Huashan Hospital during 2002-2006. The primary outcomes including postoperative neurological deficits,modified Rankin scale (mRS) score and recurrence rate were evaluated, and all potential risk factors were assessed by the X2 test. Odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were calculated by univariate Logistic regression. The mean follow-up time was 34 months.Results Gross total resection was achieved in 58% of patients. One patient died during the perioperative period because of intracranial hemorrhage. Sixty-seven percent of patients experienced new postoperative neurological deficits and 26% had a higher mRS score at follow-up assessment. Postoperative complications were observed in 24 patients.Within the follow-up period, radiographic recurrence occurred in 12.3% of patients at a mean follow-up of 42 months.Postoperative radiosurgery was administered to 19 patients who had residual tumors or recurrence and no furtherprogression was found. Tumor adhesion, hypervascularity and engulfment of neurovascular structures were three risk factors for increased mRS score (P=0.0002; P=0.0051; P=0.0009). Tumor adherence to adjacent structures clearly affected the extent of resection (P=0.0029). The risk of postoperative cranial nerve deficits increased with tumor engulfment of neurovascular structures (P=0.0004).Conclusions Intraoperatively defined tumor characteristics played a critical role in identifying postoperative functional status. An individual treatment strategy after careful preoperative evaluation could help

  15. Contributors to Surgical In-patient Satisfaction—Development and Reliability of a Targeted Instrument

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CSK Cheung

    2009-07-01

    Conclusions: The initial version of HK2Happ was reliable in assessing surgical patient satisfaction. The measure is now undergoing validity testing across different surgical patient populations for generalisation and generation of a short form of discriminant items.

  16. Laparoscopic surgery compared with open surgery decreases surgical site infection in obese patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shabanzadeh, Daniel M; Sørensen, Lars T

    2012-01-01

    : To compare surgical site infections rate in obese patients after laparoscopic surgery with open general abdominal surgery.......: To compare surgical site infections rate in obese patients after laparoscopic surgery with open general abdominal surgery....

  17. Minimally Invasive Subcortical Parafascicular Transsulcal Access for Clot Evacuation (Mi SPACE for Intracerebral Hemorrhage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Ritsma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH is common and causes significant mortality and morbidity. To date, optimal medical and surgical intervention remains uncertain. A lack of definitive benefit for operative management may be attributable to adverse surgical effect, collateral tissue injury. This is particularly relevant for ICH in dominant, eloquent cortex. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS offers the potential advantage of reduced collateral damage. MIS utilizing a parafascicular approach has demonstrated such benefit for intracranial tumor resection. Methods. We present a case of dominant hemisphere spontaneous ICH evacuated via the minimally invasive subcortical parafascicular transsulcal access clot evacuation (Mi SPACE model. We use this report to introduce Mi SPACE and to examine the application of this novel MIS paradigm. Case Presentation. The featured patient presented with a left temporal ICH and severe global aphasia. The hematoma was evacuated via the Mi SPACE approach. Postoperative reassessments showed significant improvement. At two months, bedside language testing was normal. MRI tractography confirmed limited collateral injury. Conclusions. This case illustrates successful application of the Mi SPACE model to ICH in dominant, eloquent cortex and subcortical regions. MRI tractography illustrates collateral tissue preservation. Safety and feasibility studies are required to further assess this promising new therapeutic paradigm.

  18. Generating patient-specific pulmonary vascular models for surgical planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murff, Daniel; Co-Vu, Jennifer; O'Dell, Walter G.

    2015-03-01

    Each year in the U.S., 7.4 million surgical procedures involving the major vessels are performed. Many of our patients require multiple surgeries, and many of the procedures include "surgical exploration". Procedures of this kind come with a significant amount of risk, carrying up to a 17.4% predicted mortality rate. This is especially concerning for our target population of pediatric patients with congenital abnormalities of the heart and major pulmonary vessels. This paper offers a novel approach to surgical planning which includes studying virtual and physical models of pulmonary vasculature of an individual patient before operation obtained from conventional 3D X-ray computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest. These models would provide clinicians with a non-invasive, intricately detailed representation of patient anatomy, and could reduce the need for invasive planning procedures such as exploratory surgery. Researchers involved in the AirPROM project have already demonstrated the utility of virtual and physical models in treatment planning of the airways of the chest. Clinicians have acknowledged the potential benefit from such a technology. A method for creating patient-derived physical models is demonstrated on pulmonary vasculature extracted from a CT scan with contrast of an adult human. Using a modified version of the NIH ImageJ program, a series of image processing functions are used to extract and mathematically reconstruct the vasculature tree structures of interest. An auto-generated STL file is sent to a 3D printer to create a physical model of the major pulmonary vasculature generated from 3D CT scans of patients.

  19. Individual surgical treatment of intracranial arachnoid cyst in pediatric patients

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    Chao Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Intracranial arachnoid cysts (IAC are benign congenital cystic lesions filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF. This study evaluated microsurgical craniotomy and endoscopy in the surgical treatment of IAC. Materials and Methods: Eight-one consecutive pediatric patients with IAC were surgically treated between January 2004 and January 2011. The surgical procedures included microsurgical craniotomy and endoscopy. Symptoms at presentation, location of IAC, surgical treatment options, and effectiveness were evaluated. Results: There were 43 males and 38 females and the mean age was 8.7 years (range between 1 month and 14 years at the time of surgery. The cyst location was supratentorial in 72 patients and infratentorial in 9 patients, arachnoid cyst were identified. Follow-up period ranged between 2 and 8 years. Of the 49 patients with headache 83.67% of patients had cure and 10.2% had significant improvement. Of the eight patients with hydrocephalus and gait disturbances, six (75% had complete total relief of symptoms and two (25% patients had significant improvement. Four of the six patients with cognitive decline and weakness showed improvement. Of the 18 patients with epilepsy seizure freedom was: Engle class I grade I in 14 (77.78% patients; class II in 2 (11.11% patients; and class III in 2 (11.11% patients. Follow-up studies from 2 to 8 years showed that headache was cured in 41 of the 49 cases (83.67%, significantly improved in 5 cases (10.20%, and showed no variation in 3 cases (6.12%. Hydrocephalus and gait disturbances were controlled in six of the eight cases (75.00% and significantly improved in two cases (25.00%. Cognitive decline and weakness were obviously improved in four of the six cases (66.67% and exhibited no variation in two cases (33.33%. According to the Engle standard, the following results were obtained from 18 patients with epilepsy: Grade I in 14 cases (77.78%; grade II in 2 cases (11.11%; and grade III

  20. Individual surgical treatment of intracranial arachnoid cyst in pediatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chao; Han, Guoqiang; You, Chao; Liu, Chuangxi; Wang, Jun; Xiong, Yunbiao

    2013-01-01

    Intracranial arachnoid cysts (IAC) are benign congenital cystic lesions filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This study evaluated microsurgical craniotomy and endoscopy in the surgical treatment of IAC. Eight-one consecutive pediatric patients with IAC were surgically treated between January 2004 and January 2011. The surgical procedures included microsurgical craniotomy and endoscopy. Symptoms at presentation, location of IAC, surgical treatment options, and effectiveness were evaluated. There were 43 males and 38 females and the mean age was 8.7 years (range between 1 month and 14 years) at the time of surgery. The cyst location was supratentorial in 72 patients and infratentorial in 9 patients, arachnoid cyst were identified. Follow-up period ranged between 2 and 8 years. Of the 49 patients with headache 83.67% of patients had cure and 10.2% had significant improvement. Of the eight patients with hydrocephalus and gait disturbances, six (75%) had complete total relief of symptoms and two (25%) patients had significant improvement. Four of the six patients with cognitive decline and weakness showed improvement. Of the 18 patients with epilepsy seizure freedom was: Engle class I grade I in 14 (77.78%) patients; class II in 2 (11.11%) patients; and class III in 2 (11.11%) patients. Follow-up studies from 2 to 8 years showed that headache was cured in 41 of the 49 cases (83.67%), significantly improved in 5 cases (10.20%), and showed no variation in 3 cases (6.12%). Hydrocephalus and gait disturbances were controlled in six of the eight cases (75.00%) and significantly improved in two cases (25.00%). Cognitive decline and weakness were obviously improved in four of the six cases (66.67%) and exhibited no variation in two cases (33.33%). According to the Engle standard, the following results were obtained from 18 patients with epilepsy: Grade I in 14 cases (77.78%); grade II in 2 cases (11.11%); and grade III in 2 cases (11.11%). Eleven cases with local or general

  1. Surgical management of 143 patients with adult primary retroperitoneal tumor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan-Hong Xu; Ke-Jian Guo; Ren-Xuan Guo; Chun-Lin Ge; Yu-Lin Tian; San-Guang He

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To analyze the surgical management of adult primary retroperitoneal tumors (APRT) and the factors influencing the outcome after operation.METHODS: Data of 143 cases of APRT from 1990 to 2003 in the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University were evaluated retrospectively.RESULTS: A total of 143 cases of APRT were treated surgically. Among them, 122 (85.3%) underwent complete resection, 16 (11.2%) incomplete resection,and 3 (3%) surgical biopsies. Twenty-nine (20.2%)underwent tumor resection plus multiple organ resections. Ninety-five malignant cases were followed up for 1 mo to 5 years. The 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year survival rates of the patients subject to complete resection was 94.9%, 76.6% and 34.3% and that of patients with incomplete resection was 80.4%, 6.7%,and 0%, respectively (P < 0.001). The Cox multi-various regression analysis showed the completeness of tumor,sex and histological type were associated closely with local recurrence.CONCLUSION: Sufficient preoperative preparation and complete tumor resection play important roles in reducing recurrence and improving survival.

  2. Successful surgical management of ruptured umbilical hernias in cirrhotic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatzizacharias, Nikolaos A; Bradley, J Andrew; Harper, Simon; Butler, Andrew; Jah, Asif; Huguet, Emmanuel; Praseedom, Raaj K; Allison, Michael; Gibbs, Paul

    2015-03-14

    Acute umbilical hernia rupture in patients with hepatic cirrhosis and ascites is an unusual, but potentially life-threatening complication, with postoperative morbidity about 70% and mortality between 60%-80% after supportive care and 6%-20% after urgent surgical repair. Management options include primary surgical repair with or without concomitant portal venous system decompression for the control of the ascites. We present a retrospective analysis of our centre's experience over the last 6 years. Our cohort consisted of 11 consecutive patients (median age: 53 years, range: 36-63 years) with advanced hepatic cirrhosis and refractory ascites. Appropriate patient resuscitation and optimisation with intravenous fluids, prophylactic antibiotics and local measures was instituted. One failed attempt for conservative management was followed by a successful primary repair. In all cases, with one exception, a primary repair with non-absorbable Nylon, interrupted sutures, without mesh, was performed. The perioperative complication rate was 25% and the recurrence rate 8.3%. No mortality was recorded. Median length of hospital stay was 14 d (range: 4-31 d). Based on our experience, the management of ruptured umbilical hernias in patients with advanced hepatic cirrhosis and refractory ascites is feasible without the use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt routinely in the preoperative period, provided that meticulous patient optimisation is performed.

  3. Prevalence of protein calorie malnutrition in general surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Y S; Nambiar, R; Yo, S L

    1992-05-01

    The prevalence of protein calorie malnutrition (PCM) based on ten nutritional parameters was studied in 307 patients undergoing major elective surgical operations. These parameters included anthropometric measurements (weight/height, triceps skin fold thickness, arm muscle circumference) and biochemical (serum total proteins, albumin, transferrin, prealbumin, retinol binding protein) and immunological tests (total lymphocyte count and delayed hypersensitivity test). Using these criteria, the prevalence of PCM was high. Eighty-six percent of patients had at least one abnormal parameter. The prevalence of PCM as judged by weight/height and arm muscle circumference was 49% and 62% respectively. The incidence was higher in cancer than non cancer patients (63% vs 43%). Although serum albumin and total protein levels were normal in 93.5% of patients, acute serum protein markers such as transferrin, prealbumin and retinol binding protein were low in 20-30%. Lymphopenia of 1500 cells/cu mm or less was found in 18% and abnormal delayed hypersensitivity test in 60%. We found that only weight/height, serum protein, transferrin and lymphopenia had predictive values in postoperative morbidity and mortality. By identifying PCM patients early, adequate nutritional support can be given in order to reduce the risk of major surgical complications.

  4. NURSING ASSISTANCE FOR PATIENTS IN SURGICAL CENTER ADMISSION

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    Zulene Maria de Vasconcelos Varela

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available We objectified in this study with qualitative handling, to analyze the nurse's care in the people'sadmission in Surgical Center, starting from this professional's assistematic observation, accomplishing thisprocedure. In the chosen institution, the space for admission is common to all the elements of the team, to thepeople's flow and customers, that stay close one of the other ones, generating erroneous interpretations in thecommunication, hindering of that the efective care. The nurse's concern, in developing the admission, as ownprerogative and humanização was evident. The continuity of that procedure, it is hindered by the surgical team,for the patient's liberation, what is leaving out the care alternatives and generating dissatisfaction in theprofessionals.

  5. SURGICAL METHODS OF TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH FORMED PANCREATIC CYSTS

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    N. V. Merzlikin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: a comparative analysis of the results of the use of different surgical methods of treatment of patients with formed pancreatic cysts.Material and methods. 108 patients with formed pancreatic cysts were treated and analysis of shortand long-term results of their surgical treatment was performed. Patients were divided into three groups depending on the type of surgical intervention: I – external drainage – 44 (40.7%, II – internal drainage –33 (30.6%, III – resection operations – 31 (28.7%.Results and discussions. Marsupialization of cyst by laparotomy incision was performed in patients of I group (n = 44. 18 (40.9% complications, 9 (20.5% lethal cases were after operation. Anastomoses of cysts with the small intestine were mostly performed in II group (n = 33 – 21 (63.6%. 7 (21.2% complications, 1 (3.0% lethal case were after operation. Distal resections were performed in patients of III group (n = 31 in 16 (51.6% cases. Duodenum-preserving resections were introduced for treatment of cyst of pancreas head – 12 (38.7%. When performing this type of operations we proposed nikelid titanium stents for the prevention of anastomosis stenosis and preoperative retrograde stenting of the common bile duct for the prevention of damage. 10 (32.3% complications and no lethal cases were after operation. Immediate results were worse in patients of I group. 47 (43.5% patients were analyzed in long-term period. The number of recurrences of the disease (13.3% and long-term mortality (33.3% prevailed in the group of patients undergoing internal drainage of cysts. Quality of life, level of mental and physical health, that was assessed using SF-36, were higher in group of patients with reactionary treatment.Conclusion. The best immediate and long-term results were noted after resection operations, that enables to recommend their as the most optimal and radical method for treatment of patients with pancreatic cysts. Introducing of duodenum

  6. [Antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants: management of the anticoagulated surgical patient].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llau, Juan V; Ferrandis, Raquel; López Forte, Cristina

    2009-06-01

    Among the drugs most widely consumed by patients are both antiplatelet agents (aspirin, clopidogrel, ticlopidine) and anticoagulants (acenocoumarol, warfarin, low molecular weight heparin, fondaparinux). The use of these drugs in the perioperative period is an essential concern in patient care due to the need to balance the risk of bleeding against thrombotic risk (arterial or venous), which is increased in surgical patients. The present review highlights three main aspects. Firstly, withdrawal of antiplatelet agents is recommended between 1 week and 10 days before surgery to minimize perioperative bleeding. However, this practice has been questioned because patients without the required antiplatelet coverage may be at greater risk of developing cardiac, cerebral or peripheral vascular complications. Therefore, the recommendation of systematic antiplatelet withdrawal for a specific period should be rejected. Currently, risks should be evaluated on an individual basis to minimize the time during which the patient remains without adequate antiplatelet protection. Secondly, thromboprophylaxis is required in most surgical patients due to the high prevalence of venous thromboembolic disease. This implies the use of anticoagulants and the practice of regional anesthesia has been questioned in these patients. However, with the safety recommendations established by the various scientific societies, this practice has been demonstrated to be safe. Finally, "bridge therapy" in patients anticoagulated with acenocoumarol should be performed on an individual basis rather than systematically without taking into account the thrombotic risks of each patient. The perioperative period involves high arterial and venous thrombotic risk and the optimal use of antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants should be a priority to minimize this risk without increasing hemorrhagic risk. Multidisciplinary consensus is essential on this matter.

  7. Surgical rehabilitation of patients with spinal neurotrophic decubitus

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    S. G. Shapovalov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The greatest weight neurodystrophic process develops in traumatic spinal cord injury, appears as neurotrophic decubitus (bedsores. There is a high risk of wound infection in the event of pressure ulcers. Surgical repair of the skin integrity in spinal patients of 3 and 4 grade is a basic prerequisite for the further complex of the rehabilitation measures. Work objective: to develop the concept of innovative technologies of treatment of local physical impacts and to implement it in surgical system of rehabilitation of patients with spinal cord lesion with neurotrophic decubitus of 3 and 4 grade. Clinical studies subjected 49 (100% patients with spinal cord lesions and neurotrophic decubitus of 3 and 4 grade. All patients were divided into two groups: 1– (study group 1 29 patients; 2 – (control group 2 20 patients. The managed negative pressure system S042 NPWT VivanoTec (Hartmann, a method of ultrasonic cavitation (Sonoca%180, the system for the hydro surgery Versajet Smith and Nephew were used in the 1%st group. Traditional dressings for the preparation of a plastic closure of the wound defect neurotrophic decubitus of the grade 3%4 were used in the 2nd group. Statistical analysis was performed using package of Microsoft Excel%97 Statistica for Windows 6.0, SPSS 10.0 for Windows. The study showed that the use of complex methods of vacuum therapy, ultrasound cavitation and hydro surgical in the 1st group significantly reduces the duration of treatment compared with conservative methods in the 2nd group. In group 1, the mean duration of treatment was 19.9±13.9 days, in group 2 (comparison group – 40.0±28.2 days (p<0.05. The usage of physical methods (managed negative pressure system, ultrasonic processing method, hydro surgical system local treatment is a highly effective method of preparation neurotrophic decubitus grade 3 and 4 to the early recovery of the skin. Physical methods of local treatment have a positive effect on tissue

  8. Acute suppurative parotitis: a dreadful complication in elderly surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lampropoulos, Pavlos; Rizos, Spyros; Marinis, Athanasios

    2012-08-01

    Acute suppurative parotitis (ASP) is a severe infection seen particularly in elderly surgical patients. Factors that increase the risk of ASP include post-operative dehydration, debilitating conditions, and immunosuppressed states. Case report and literature review. An 82-year-old female patient was admitted because of paralytic ileus, dehydration, and poor oral hygiene, and was in distress. After two days of hospitalization, the patient developed a progressive painful swelling of her right parotid gland and fever up to 39.0°C. Computed tomography scanning showed an abscess in the parotid gland. Because of her progressive clinical deterioration, the patient underwent operative drainage of the abscess and removal of the necrotic material. Unfortunately, she suffered multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and died. Acute suppurative parotitis requires prompt aggressive treatment that nevertheless may fail.

  9. Counterflow in Evacuations

    CERN Document Server

    Kretz, Tobias

    2011-01-01

    It is shown in this work that the average individual egress time and other performance indicators for egress of people from a building can be improved under certain circumstances if counterflow occurs. The circumstances include widely varying walking speeds and two differently far located exits with different capacity. The result is achieved both with a paper and pencil calculation as well as with a micro simulation of an example scenario. As the difficulty of exit signage with counterflow remains one cannot conclude from the result that an emergency evacuation procedure with counterflow would really be the better variant.

  10. Patients' perceptions of palliative surgical procedures: a qualitative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Trevor D; Selby, Debbie; Tsang, Melanie E; Kim, Audrey; Wright, Frances C

    2017-08-01

    Patients with incurable malignancies can require surgical intervention. We prospectively evaluated patients treated with palliative surgery to qualitatively assess peri-operative outcomes. Eligible patients were assessed at a tertiary care cancer center. Demographic information and peri-operative morbidity and mortality were collected. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were obtained pre-operatively and post-operatively (1 month). Qualitative evaluation was performed using content analysis and an inductive approach. Twenty-eight patients were approached and 20 consented to interview. Data saturation was achieved after 14 patients. Median patient age was 58% and 56% were female. Peri-operative morbidity and mortality were 44% and 22%, respectively. "No other option" was seen as a dominant pre-operative theme (14 of 18). Other pre-operative themes included a "poor understanding of prognosis and the role of surgery in overall treatment plan". Post-operative themes included a "perceived benefit from surgery" and "satisfaction with decision-making", notwithstanding significant complications. Improved understanding of prognosis and the role of surgery were described post-operatively. Despite limited options and a poor understanding of prognosis, many patients perceived benefit from palliative surgery. However, peri-operative mortality was substantial. A robust and thorough patient-centered discussion about individual goals for surgery should be undertaken by surgeon, patient and family prior to embarking on a palliative operation.

  11. Examining Noncardiac Surgical Procedures in Patients on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taghavi, Sharven; Jayarajan, Senthil N; Mangi, Abeel A; Hollenbach, Kathryn; Dauer, Elizabeth; Sjoholm, Lars O; Pathak, Abhijit; Santora, Thomas A; Goldberg, Amy J; Rappold, Joseph F

    2015-01-01

    As extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly used for patients with cardiac and/or pulmonary failure, the need for noncardiac surgical procedures (NCSPs) in these patients will continue to increase. This study examined the NCSP required in patients supported with ECMO and determined which variables affect outcomes. The National Inpatient Sample Database was examined for patients supported with ECMO from 2007 to 2010. There were 563 patients requiring ECMO during the study period. Of these, 269 (47.8%) required 380 NCSPs. There were 149 (39.2%) general surgical procedures, with abdominal exploration/bowel resection (18.2%) being most common. Vascular (29.5%) and thoracic procedures (23.4%) were also common. Patients requiring NCSP had longer median length of stay (15.5 vs. 9.2 days, p = 0.001), more wound infections (7.4% vs. 3.7%, p = 0.02), and more bleeding complications (27.9% vs. 17.3%, p = 0.01). The incidences of other complications and inpatient mortality (54.3% vs. 58.2%, p = 0.54) were similar. On logistic regression, the requirement of NCSPs was not associated with mortality (odds ratio [OR]: 0.91, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68-1.23, p = 0.17). However, requirement of blood transfusion was associated with mortality (OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.06-2.74, p = 0.03). Although NCSPs in patients supported with ECMO does not increase mortality, it results in increased morbidity and longer hospital stay.

  12. Evaluation surgical treatment results of scoliosis in patients with neurofibromatosis

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    Hojjat Hossein-Pourfeizi

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Surgical treatment of spinal deformity resulting from neurofibromatosis (NF is a major challenge for orthopedic spine surgeons. There are several problems and complications including pseudoarthrosis and cure progress despite treatment. Progressive kyphoscoliosis is the most important spinal deformity. The present study aims to evaluate surgical treatment results in severe spinal involvement cases. Methods: This analytical a-descriptive study evaluated 20 patients with NF, severe scoliosis and kyphosis (up to 50° hospitalized and treated at our center during the past 10 years. The treatment failure rate and complications were studied. Results: In this study, 20 cases with NF and kyphoscoliosis with the mean age of 13.00 ± 7.18 years were studied. These case series were consisted of 13 (65% males and 7 (35% females. Overall treatment failure was 45%. However, it was 55% of failure happened in posterior fusion alone. Failure rate was reported 36% in the combined anterior and posterior fusion and mainly seen in younger than 8-years children. Surgical complications were found in 20% with pseudoarthrosis as the most common one. There were no infections and neurological complications. Statistically, there was a significant negative relation between age and curve progression in scoliosis and kyphosis during the 2 years follow-up period. There was not any significant difference between genders considering curvature progress. Conclusion: The combined anterior and posterior fusion is probably more effective treatment, especially at early ages when more aggressive treatment is required since it reduces the treatment failure possibility.

  13. Colorectal cancer in geriatric patients: Endoscopic diagnosis and surgical treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andreas Kirchgatterer; Pius Steiner; Dietmar Hubner; Eva Fritz; Gerhard Aschl; Josef Preisinger; Maximilian Hinterreiter; Bernhard Stadler; Peter Knoflach

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the prevalence of colorectal cancer in geriatric patients undergoing endoscopy and to analyze their outcome.METHODS: All consecutive patients older than 80 years who underwent lower gastrointestinal endoscopy between January 1995 and December 2002 at our institution were included.Patients with endoscopic diagnosis of colorectal cancer were evaluated with respect to indication, localization and stage of cancer, therapeutic consequences, and survival.RESULTS: Colorectal cancer was diagnosed in 88 patients (6% of all endoscopies, 55 women and 33 men, mean age 85.2 years). Frequent indications were lower gastrointestinal bleeding (25%), anemia (24%) or sonographic suspicion of tumor (10%). Localization of cancer was predominantly the sigmoid colon (27%), the rectum (26%), and the ascending colon (20%). Stage Dukes A was rare (1%), but Dukes D was diagnosed in 22% of cases. Curative surgery was performed in 54 patients (61.4%), in the remaining 34 patients (38.6%)surgical treatment was not feasible due to malnutrition and asthenia or cardiopulmonary comorbidity (15 patients), distant metastases (11 patients) or refusal of operation (8 patients).Patients undergoing surgery had a very low in-hospital mortality rate (2%). Operated patients had a one-year and three-year survival rate of 88% and 49%, and the survival rates for nonoperated patients amounted to 46% and 13% respectively.CONCLUSION: Nearly two-thirds of 88 geriatric patients with endoscopic diagnosis of colorectal cancer underwent successful surgery at a very low perioperative mortality rate, resulting in significantly higher survival rates. Hence,the clinical relevance of lower gastrointestinal endoscopy and oncologic surgery in geriatric patients is demonstrated.

  14. Evaluating the Military Medical Evacuation Chain: Need for Expeditious Evacuation Out of Theater?

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dongen, Thijs T C F; de Graaf, Johan; Plat, Marie-Christine J; Huizinga, Eelco P; Janse, Jacobine; van der Krans, Arie C; Leenen, Luke P H; Hoencamp, Rigo

    2017-09-01

    An important factor within the military medical logistical chain is the capability of expeditious evacuation from point of injury, through a Medical Treatment Facility, to the country of residence where highest level of care can be provided. Although many factors can relate to patient outcome, the evaluation of the medical evacuation chain related to long-term patient outcome can be important for investigating possibilities for performance improvement in this domain. This article aims to provide a means to evaluate the quality of care of the medical evacuation chain. Repatriated service members from the Afghan theater between 2004 and 2014 were invited to participate in a survey concerning functional outcome and quality of life using Lower Extremity Functional Scale, Short Form health survey 36, and EuroQol-6D questionnaires. Possible associations between these outcomes were analyzed in respect to duration of medical evacuation from point of injury to arrival in the Dutch military hospital. The duration was dichotomized into within and after 72 hours. Ordinal regression was used to analyze a possible association with duration as a continuous variable. Sixty percent (28/47) of battle casualties arrived in The Netherlands within 72 hours. For the nonbattle injury cohort this was 30% (7/23). Of those who became ill, 18% (5/28) was evacuated in 72 hours. No significant independent associations between interval duration and measured outcomes were found. Repatriated battle casualties had lower outcome scores compared to the disease nonbattle injured service members. Significant differences in functional outcome and quality of life with respect to evacuation duration were not found. Specialized tactical evacuation and en route care capability during strategic evacuation contributed to relative high standards of care. Combined with our results, this could implicate that delivery of the right care to the right patient at the right time is a justifiable paradigm. The main

  15. Systemic inflammation worsens outcomes in emergency surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becher, Robert D; Hoth, J Jason; Miller, Preston R; Meredith, J Wayne; Chang, Michael C

    2012-05-01

    Acute care surgeons are uniquely aware of the importance of systemic inflammatory response and its influence on postoperative outcomes; concepts like damage control have evolved from this experience. For surgeons whose practice is mostly elective, the significance of such systemic inflammation may be underappreciated. This study sought to determine the influence of preoperative systemic inflammation on postoperative outcome in patients requiring emergent colon surgery. Emergent colorectal operations were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 2008 dataset. Four groups were defined by the presence and magnitude of the inflammatory response before operation: no inflammation, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis, or severe sepsis/septic shock. Thirty-day survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. A total of 3,305 patients were identified. Thirty-day survival was significantly different (p SIRS was 1.9 (p SIRS or sepsis patients, operations surgery. II, prognostic study.

  16. Surgical management of cleft lip in pedo-patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taware, C P; Kulkarni, S R

    1991-01-01

    The Present article describes in short etiology of cleft lip and cleft palate. With this in-born defect, patient develops crucial problems with feeding, phonation, overall growth and development of affected and allied soft and hard tissue structures. This in turn results in deformity and asymmetry which is going to affect functional requirements as well as aesthetic outlook. Hence it really becomes mandatory to correct this defect surgically as early as possible, at stipulated timings so as to avoid present and future anticipated problems.

  17. Surgical management of medically refractory epilepsy in patients with polymicrogyria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Doris D.; Knox, Renatta; Rolston, John D.; Englot, Dario J.; Barkovich, A. James; Tihan, Tarik; Auguste, Kurtis I.; Knowlton, Robert C.; Cornes, Susannah B.; Chang, Edward F.

    2017-01-01

    Objective Polymicrogyria (PMG) is a malformation of cortical development characterized by formation of an excessive number of small gyri. Sixty percent to 85% of patients with PMG have epilepsy that is refractory to medication, but surgical options are usually limited. We characterize a cohort of patient with polymicrogyria who underwent epilepsy surgery and document seizure outcomes. Methods A retrospective study of all patients with PMG who underwent epilepsy surgery (focal seizure foci resection and/or hemispherectomy) at our center was performed by review of all clinical data related to their treatment. Results We identified 12 patients (7 males and 5 female) with mean age of 18 (ranging from 3 months to 44 years) at time of surgery. Mean age at seizure onset was 8 years, with the majority (83%) having childhood onset. Six patients had focal, five had multifocal, and one patient had diffuse PMG. Perisylvian PMG was the most common pattern seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Eight patients had other cortical malformations including hemimegalencephaly and cortical dysplasia. Scalp electroencephalography (EEG) often showed diffuse epileptic discharges that poorly lateralized but were focal on intracranial electrocorticography (ECoG). Eight patients underwent seizure foci resection and four underwent hemispherectomy. Mean follow-up was 7 years (ranging from one to 19 years). Six patients (50%) were seizure-free at last follow-up. One patient had rare seizures (Engel class II). Three patients were Engel class III, having either decreased seizure frequency or severity, and two patients were Engel class IV. Gross total resection of the PMG cortex trended toward good seizure control. Significance Our study shows that even in patients with extensive or bilateral PMG malformations, some may still be good candidates for surgery because the epileptogenic zone may involve only a portion of the malformation. Intracranial ECoG can provide additional localizing

  18. Optimization-based decision support to assist in logistics planning for hospital evacuations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glick, Roger; Bish, Douglas R; Agca, Esra

    2013-01-01

    The evacuation of the hospital is a very complex process and evacuation planning is an important part of a hospital's emergency management plan. There are numerous factors that affect the evacuation plan including the nature of threat, availability of resources and staff the characteristics of the evacuee population, and risk to patients and staff. The safety and health of patients is of fundamental importance, but safely moving patients to alternative care facilities while under threat is a very challenging task. This article describes the logistical issues and complexities involved in planning and execution of hospital evacuations. Furthermore, this article provides examples of how optimization-based decision support tools can help evacuation planners to better plan for complex evacuations by providing real-world solutions to various evacuation scenarios.

  19. Selective decontamination of the oral and digestive tract in surgical versus non-surgical patients in intensive care in a cluster-randomized trial.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Melsen, W.G.; Smet, A.M. de; Kluytmans, J.A.; Bonten, M.J.; Pickkers, P.

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Selective digestive decontamination (SDD) and selective oropharyngeal decontamination (SOD) are effective in improving survival in patients under intensive care. In this study possible differential effects in surgical and non-surgical patients were investigated. METHODS: This was a post

  20. Uncertainty in a spatial evacuation model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohd Ibrahim, Azhar; Venkat, Ibrahim; Wilde, Philippe De

    2017-08-01

    Pedestrian movements in crowd motion can be perceived in terms of agents who basically exhibit patient or impatient behavior. We model crowd motion subject to exit congestion under uncertainty conditions in a continuous space and compare the proposed model via simulations with the classical social force model. During a typical emergency evacuation scenario, agents might not be able to perceive with certainty the strategies of opponents (other agents) owing to the dynamic changes entailed by the neighborhood of opponents. In such uncertain scenarios, agents will try to update their strategy based on their own rules or their intrinsic behavior. We study risk seeking, risk averse and risk neutral behaviors of such agents via certain game theory notions. We found that risk averse agents tend to achieve faster evacuation time whenever the time delay in conflicts appears to be longer. The results of our simulations also comply with previous work and conform to the fact that evacuation time of agents becomes shorter once mutual cooperation among agents is achieved. Although the impatient strategy appears to be the rational strategy that might lead to faster evacuation times, our study scientifically shows that the more the agents are impatient, the slower is the egress time.

  1. Surgical outcome after spinal fractures in patients with ankylosing spondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brilakis Emmanuel

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ankylosing spondylitis is a rheumatic disease in which spinal and sacroiliac joints are mainly affected. There is a gradual bone formation in the spinal ligaments and ankylosis of the spinal diarthroses which lead to stiffness of the spine. The diffuse paraspinal ossification and inflammatory osteitis of advanced Ankylosing spondylitis creates a fused, brittle spine that is susceptible to fracture. The aim of this study is to present the surgical experience of spinal fractures occurring in patients suffering from ankylosing spondylitis and to highlight the difficulties that exist as far as both diagnosis and surgical management are concerned. Methods Twenty patients suffering from ankylosing spondylitis were operated due to a spinal fracture. The fracture was located at the cervical spine in 7 cases, at the thoracic spine in 9, at the thoracolumbar junction in 3 and at the lumbar spine in one case. Neurological defects were revealed in 10 patients. In four of them, neurological signs were progressively developed after a time period of 4 to 15 days. The initial radiological study was negative for a spinal fracture in twelve patients. Every patient was assessed at the time of admission and daily until the day of surgery, then postoperatively upon discharge. Results Combined anterior and posterior approaches were performed in three patients with only posterior approaches performed on the rest. Spinal fusion was seen in 100% of the cases. No intra-operative complications occurred. There was one case in which superficial wound inflammation occurred. Loosening of posterior screws without loss of stability appeared in two patients with cervical injuries. Frankel neurological classification was used in order to evaluate the neurological status of the patients. There was statistically significant improvement of Frankel neurological classification between the preoperative and postoperative evaluation. 35% of patients showed improvement

  2. The Management of Patients after Surgical Treatment of Maxillofacial Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolski, D.; Zawadzki, P.; Życińska, K.; Mierzwińska-Nastalska, E.

    2016-01-01

    Morphological and functional disturbances induced by postsurgical defects and loss of tissues in the stomatognathic system due to the treatment of tumors in the maxillofacial region determine the therapeutic needs of patients. The study aimed at clinical and epidemiological evaluation of patients under prosthetic treatment in order to establish the algorithm for rehabilitation. The study group was composed of the patients after midface surgery (45.74%); surgery in a lower part of the face (47.38%); mixed postoperative losses (3.44%); loss of face tissues and surgery in other locations in the head and neck region (3.44%). The supplementary treatment was applied in 69.63% of patients. Clinical and additional examinations were performed to obtain the picture of postoperative loss, its magnitude, and location to plan the strategy of prosthetic rehabilitation. The management algorithm for prosthetic rehabilitation in patients after surgical treatment of maxillofacial neoplasms was based on its division in stages. The location and magnitude of postoperative losses, as well as the implementation of supplementary treatment of the patients after treatment of maxillofacial tumors, influence the planning of prosthetic rehabilitation that plays a key role and facilitates the patients' return to their prior living situation, occupational and family lives.

  3. Getting passengers out : evacuation behaviours

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, L.C.

    2003-01-01

    When disaster strikes, mass transportation means mass evacuation. The issue is especially urgent if, despite precautions, a train comes to a stop in a tunnel and there is a fire. Adequate behaviour of passengers is a major success factor of an evacuation. Passengers should replace their original (tr

  4. Societal acceptance of unnecessary evacuation

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCaughey, Jamie W.; Mundzir, Ibnu; Patt, Anthony; Rosemary, Rizanna; Safrina, Lely; Mahdi, Saiful; Daly, Patrick

    2017-04-01

    Uncertainties in forecasting extreme events force an unavoidable tradeoff between false alarms and misses. The appropriate balance depends on the level of societal acceptance of unnecessary evacuations, but there has been little empirical research on this. Intuitively it may seem that an unnecessary evacuation would make people less likely to evacuate again in the future, but our study finds no support for this intuition. Using new quantitative (n=800) and qualitative evidence, we examine individual- and household-level evacuation decisions in response to the strong 11-Apr-2012 earthquake in Aceh, Indonesia. This earthquake did not produce a tsunami, but the population had previously experienced the devastating 2004 tsunami. In our sample, the vast majority of people (86%) evacuated in the 2012 earthquake, and nearly all (94%) say they would evacuate again if a similar earthquake happened in the future. Self-reported level of fear at the moment of the 2012 earthquake explains more of the variance in evacuation decisions and intentions than does a combination of perceived tsunami risk and perceived efficacy of evacuation modeled on protection motivation theory. These findings suggest that the appropriate balance between false alarms and misses may be highly context-specific. Investigating this in each context would make an important contribution to the effectiveness of early-warning systems.

  5. Evacuation from a Complex Structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Janne Gress; Dederichs, Anne

    2014-01-01

    How is the total evacuation time of a mixed population and its subgroups predicted by the evacuation tool STEPS? Simulation using STEPS is compared with experimental data and evaluated based on individual total egress times. It was found that the total egress times were similar for the simulation...

  6. Airway Management of the Cardiac Surgical Patients: Current Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhury, Arindam; Gupta, Nishkarsh; Magoon, Rohan; Kapoor, Poonam Malhotra

    2017-01-01

    The difficult airway (DA) is a common problem encountered in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, the challenge is not only just establishment of airway but also maintaining a definitive airway for the safe conduct of cardiopulmonary bypass from initiation to weaning after surgical correction or palliation, de-airing of cardiac chambers. This review describes the management of the DA in a cardiac theater environment. The primary aims are recognition of DA both anatomical and physiological, necessary preparations for (and management of) difficult intubation and extubation. All patients undergoing cardiac surgery should initially be considered as having potentially DA as many of them have poor physiologic reserve. Making the cardiac surgical theater environment conducive to DA management is as essential as it is to deal with low cardiac output syndrome or acute heart failure. Tube obstruction and/or displacement should be suspected in case of a new onset ventilation problem, especially in the recovery unit. Cardiac anesthesiologists are often challenged with DA while inducing general endotracheal anesthesia. They ought to be familiar with the DA algorithms and possess skill for using the latest airway adjuncts. PMID:28074820

  7. The Management of Patients after Surgical Treatment of Maxillofacial Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Rolski

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Morphological and functional disturbances induced by postsurgical defects and loss of tissues in the stomatognathic system due to the treatment of tumors in the maxillofacial region determine the therapeutic needs of patients. The study aimed at clinical and epidemiological evaluation of patients under prosthetic treatment in order to establish the algorithm for rehabilitation. The study group was composed of the patients after midface surgery (45.74%; surgery in a lower part of the face (47.38%; mixed postoperative losses (3.44%; loss of face tissues and surgery in other locations in the head and neck region (3.44%. The supplementary treatment was applied in 69.63% of patients. Clinical and additional examinations were performed to obtain the picture of postoperative loss, its magnitude, and location to plan the strategy of prosthetic rehabilitation. The management algorithm for prosthetic rehabilitation in patients after surgical treatment of maxillofacial neoplasms was based on its division in stages. The location and magnitude of postoperative losses, as well as the implementation of supplementary treatment of the patients after treatment of maxillofacial tumors, influence the planning of prosthetic rehabilitation that plays a key role and facilitates the patients’ return to their prior living situation, occupational and family lives.

  8. Candida colonization and subsequent infections in critically ill surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittet, D; Monod, M; Suter, P M; Frenk, E; Auckenthaler, R

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. The authors determined the role of Candida colonization in the development of subsequent infection in critically ill patients. DESIGN. A 6-month prospective cohort study was given to patients admitted to the surgical and neonatal intensive care units in a 1600-bed university medical center. METHODS. Patients having predetermined criteria for significant Candida colonization revealed by routine microbiologic surveillance cultures at different body sites were eligible for the study. Risk factors for Candida infection were recorded. A Candida colonization index was determined daily as the ratio of the number of distinct body sites (dbs) colonized with identical strains over the total number of dbs tested; a mean of 5.3 dbs per patient was obtained. All isolates (n = 322) sequentially recovered were characterized by genotyping using contour-clamped homogeneous electrical field gel electrophoresis that allowed strain delineation among Candida species. RESULTS. Twenty-nine patients met the criteria for inclusion; all were at high risk for Candida infection; 11 patients (38%) developed severe infections (8 candidemia); the remaining 18 patients were heavily colonized, but never required intravenous antifungal therapy. Among the potential risk factors for candida infection, three discriminated the colonized from the infected patients--i.e., length of previous antibiotic therapy (p < 0.02), severity of illness assessed by APACHE II score (p < 0.01), and the intensity of Candida spp colonization (p < 0.01). By logistic regression analysis, the latter two who were the independent factors that predicted subsequent candidal infection. Candida colonization always preceded infection with genotypically identical Candida spp strain. The proposed colonization indexes reached threshold values a mean of 6 days before Candida infection and demonstrated high positive predictive values (66 to 100%). CONCLUSIONS. The intensity of Candida colonization assessed by systematic

  9. Factors influencing the diagnostic accuracy and management in acute surgical patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Muhammad; Shafique; Sajid; William; FA; Miles; Thaddeus; Hollingsworth; Mike; Mc; Glue

    2014-01-01

    AIM:To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy(DA) in acute surgical patients admitted to a District General Hospital.METHODS: The case notes of all acute surgical patients admitted under the surgical team for a period of two weeks were reviewed for the data pertaining to the admission diagnoses, relevant investigations and final diagnoses confirmed by either surgery or various other diagnostic modalities. The diagnostic pathway was recorded from the source of referral [general practitioner(GP), A and E, in-patient] to the correct final diagnosis by the surgical team. RESULTS: Forty-one patients(23 males) with acute surgical admissions during two weeks of study period were evaluated. The mean age of study group was 61.05 ± 23.24 years. There were 111 patient-doctor encounters. Final correct diagnosis was achieved in 85.4% patients. The DA was 46%, 44%, 50%, 33%,61%, 61%, and 75% by GP, A and E, in-patient referral, surgical foundation year-1, surgical senior house officer(SHO), surgical registrar, and surgical consultant respectively. The percentage of clinical consensus diagnosis was 12%. Surgery was performed in 48.8% of patients. Sixty-seven percent of GP-referred patients, 31% of A and E-referred, and 25% of the in-patient referrals underwent surgery. Surgical SHO made the most contributions to the primary diagnostic pathway.CONCLUSION: Approximately 85% of acute surgical patients can be diagnosed accurately along the diagnostic pathway. Patients referred by a GP are more likely to require surgery as compared to other referral sources. Surgical consultant was more likely to make correct surgical diagnosis, however it is the surgical SHO that contributes the most correct diagnoses along the diagnostic pathway.

  10. Thyroglobulin value in patients surgically treated for differentiated thyroid carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikač Gostimir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Thyroglobulin is composed glycoprotein, and it is synthesized by follicular cells of the thyroid gland. Treatment of differentiated thyroid carcinomas involves total thyroidectomy followed by radioiodine ablation of a potential remaining tissue. The measurement of thyroglobulin in the postoperative follow-up can serve as an indicator of tumor growth or recurrence of the disease. Objective. The aim of this paper is to examine the value of thyroglobulin in patients surgically treated for differentiated thyroid cancer who had metastases in the lymph nodes of the neck, as well as in operated on patients without any evident metastasis. Methods. Thyroglobulin values in the serum of 58 patients were analyzed. Two groups were formed. The thyroglobulin value was established with the use of IRMA-hTg (125I system. Normal levels of thyroglobulin were from 2 ng/ml to 65 ng/ml. For all of 58 patients, thyroglobulin was determined three times. The first, so-called pre-ablation thyroglobulin was determined immediately before the application of 131I ablation dose. The second and the third measurements were conducted six to eight months and one year, respectively, after the application of the ablation dose respectively. Results. The first group consisted of 14 patients with histologically proven metastases in the lymph nodes of the neck, while the second group consisted of 44 patients without any evident metastases. The average thyroglobulin value of pre-ablation in the patients from the first group was 43.45 ng/ml, while in the second was 7.57 ng/ml. Levene’s test (with p = 0.00, i.e p < 0.05, demonstrated a statistically significant difference. Furthermore, in both groups, there was statistically significant difference between pre-ablation and post-ablation thyroglobulin values (Student’s t-test with p < 0.05. Conclusion It can be concluded that the average value of thyroglobulin was significantly higher in patients with lymph node metastases

  11. Evacuation modeling trends

    CERN Document Server

    Abreu, Orlando; Alvear, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    This book presents an overview of modeling definitions and concepts, theory on human behavior and human performance data, available tools and simulation approaches, model development, and application and validation methods. It considers the data and research efforts needed to develop and incorporate functions for the different parameters into comprehensive escape and evacuation simulations, with a number of examples illustrating different aspects and approaches. After an overview of basic modeling approaches, the book discusses benefits and challenges of current techniques. The representation of evacuees is a central issue, including human behavior and the proper implementation of representational tools. Key topics include the nature and importance of the different parameters involved in ASET and RSET and the interactions between them. A review of the current literature on verification and validation methods is provided, with a set of recommended verification tests and examples of validation tests. The book c...

  12. Higher inpatient medical surgical bed occupancy extends admitted patients' stay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krall, Scott; O'Connor, Robert E; Maercks, Lisa

    2009-05-01

    Determine the effect that increased medical surgical (med/surg) bed occupancy has on the time interval from admission order to arrival in the bed for the patients admitted from the emergency department (ED). This retrospective observational study compares the total hospital bed occupancy rate and the medical surgical inpatient bed occupancy rate to daily averages for the time interval from admission order (patient posting for admission) to the patient's arrival in the inpatient bed. Medical surgical inpatient bed occupancy of 92% was chosen because beyond that rate we observed more frequent extended daily transfer times. The data is from a single large tertiary care institute with 590 beds and an annual ED census of 80,000. Group 1 includes 38 days with (med/surg) inpatient bed occupancy rate of less than 92%, with an average ED daily wait of 2.5 hrs (95% confidence interval 2.23-2.96) for transfer from the ED to the appropriate hospital bed. Group 2 includes 68 days with med/surg census greater than 92% with an average ED daily wait of 4.1 hours (95% confidence interval 3.7-4.5). Minimum daily average for the two groups was 1.2 hrs and 1.3 hrs, respectively. The maximum average was 5.6 hrs for group 1 and 8.6 hrs for group 2. Comparison of group 1 to 2 for wait time to hospital bed yielded p occupancy and transfer time into the hospital. Med/surg occupancy, the beds typically used by ED patients, has a 0.62 correlation coefficient for a moderately strong relationship. Med/surg bed occupancy has a better correlation to extended transfer times, and occupancy over 92% at 5 AM in our institution corresponds to an increased frequency of extended transfer times from the ED. The process of ED evaluation, hospital admission, and subsequent transfer into the hospital are all complex processes. This study begins to demonstrate one variable, med/surg occupancy, as one of the intervals that can be followed to evaluate the process of ED admission and hospital flow.

  13. Effects of art on surgical patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Vetter, Diana; Barth, Jürgen; Uyulmaz, Sema; Uyulmaz, Semra; Vonlanthen, René; Belli, Giulio; Montorsi, Marco; Bismuth, Henri; Claudia M. Witt; Clavien, Pierre-Alain

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of art including ambient features such as music, interior design including visual art, and architectural features on health outcomes in surgical patients. BACKGROUND: Healing environments can have a positive influence on many patients, but data focusing on art in surgical patients remain scarce. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search following the PRISMA guidelines from January 2000 to October 2014 on art in surgical patients....

  14. [Usefulness of peristalsis, flatulence and evacuation for predicting oral route tolerance in patients subjected to major abdominal surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Hernández, Betsabé; Figueroa-Gallaga, Luis; Sánchez-Castrillo, Christian; Belmonte-Montes, Carlos

    2007-01-01

    to evaluate the usefulness of bowel sounds, flatus and bowel movement presence to predict tolerance of oral intake in patients following major abdominal surgery. nutrition is one of the most important factors in the management of postoperative care. The early oral intake has shown to contribute to a faster recovery. Traditionally the beginning of postoperative feeding after major abdominal surgery is delayed until bowel sounds, flatus and/or bowel movement are present although there is no enough medical evidence for their usefulness. We studied 88 patients following major abdominal surgery. We registered the presence of bowel sounds, flatus and bowel movement each 24 hours in the postoperative period. We analized the relationship between the presence of these signs and the ability to tolerate oral intake. Predictive values, sensitivity, specificity and ROC curves were calculated. results shown that bowel sounds have an acCeptable sensibility but a very low specificity to predict the ability to tolerate oral intake. Unlike bowel sounds, bowel movements shown a low sensibility and a high specificity. Flatus turned out to have and intermediate sensitivity and specificity in the prediction of tolerance of oral feeding. in this study any of these signs were shown as a reliable indicator for beginning oral feeding because they have a moderate to low usefulness.

  15. Parenteral nourishment of patients undergoing surgical or traumatic stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilder, H

    1986-01-01

    Severe surgical or other traumatic stress initiates an integrated central nervous system and metabolic response characterized by catabolism which selectively preserves vital organs, drawing on peripheral tissue proteins for required amino acids. When oral intake is prohibited adequate intravenous nutritional support hastens convalescence and may be life-saving. Intravenous nutrients routinely consist of amino acids for replacement of lost protein, a nonprotein calorie source--usually glucose, and vitamins and minerals. Lipid, infrequently used in routine surgery as part of the calorie source, supplies essential fatty acids and prevents side effects resulting with large amounts of intravenous glucose. Lipid has other benefits. Stress-induced hormones stimulate lipid catabolism. When lipid is used for part of the calorie requirement in intravenous feedings, the plasma insulin level is reduced and peripheral amino acids become available for synthesis of critically needed visceral proteins. Recent work has shown that the branched chain amino acids carnitine and some species of lipid added to intravenous nutrient formulations postoperatively affect the nitrogen retention and may hasten convalescence. Further work should be directed at understanding the unique biochemical changes occurring after injury, devising objective assay procedures to measure the severity of the response and improving intravenous formulations for the acutely ill surgical patient.

  16. Surgical transposition of the ovaries: Imaging findings in 14 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kier, R.; Chambers, S.K. (Yale Univ. School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (USA))

    1989-11-01

    Pelvic radiation therapy for cervical or vaginal cancer often leads to ovarian failure. To remove the ovaries from the radiation portal and preserve their function, they can be transposed to the lateral abdomen. Serial imaging studies in 14 patients who had undergone ovarian transposition (five bilateral, nine unilateral) were reviewed. Images obtained included 32 CT scans, 20 sonograms, and one MR image. Most transposed ovaries were located along the paracolic gutters near the iliac crests, creating an extrinsic mass effect on adjacent bowel. Detection of surgical clips on the ovary on CT scans allowed confident recognition of all 19 transposed ovaries. Cysts in the transposed ovaries, noted on most imaging studies, did not correlate with complications of pain or hormonal dysfunction. In one case, a large physiologic cyst in a transposed ovary distorted the cecum and was mistaken for a mucocele of the appendix. In another case, a large ovarian cyst was thought to be tumor recurrence or a lymphocele. These findings indicate that although the transposed ovaries can be recognized on CT scans by the surgical clips attached to the ovaries, the appearance of the ovary does not predict reliably the development of complications.

  17. 3D surgical planning in patients affected by lipodystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Carrasco, J A; Acha, B; Gómez-Cia, T; Lopez-Garcia, R A; Delgado, Carlos; Serrano, C

    2015-03-01

    Lipodystrophy is a pathological condition characterized by the focal or general absence of adipose tissue. Surgeons reset the patient's surface contours using injectable materials to recreate a normal physical appearance. However, due to difficulties in preoperative planning and intraoperative assessment, about 15% of the surgical procedures involved are reinterventions to improve volume or symmetry. This increases the need for an available, efficient tool capable of providing the surgeon with a good estimation of the volumes to be injected before the intervention proper begins. This work describes a virtual reality-based application for the surgical planning of facial lipodystrophy correction (FLIC). The tool uses points selected interactively by the surgeon to compute a curve that delimits the surface area to be operated on. It then automatically computes an estimated natural reconstructed surface and the quantity of volume that needs to be implanted during the intervention. Experiments have been carried out in which the filling volumes estimated using FLIC and ZBrush software were compared with the real volumes injected by the surgeon. ICCs higher than 0.97 indicate that there were no significant differences between the respective measurements, thus validating the tool proposed in this paper.

  18. [Surgical prevention of stroke in patients with carotid stenosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pyshkina, L I; Khatagova, D T; Kabanov, A A; Darvish, N A; Alibekova, Zh M

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. To study the cerebral and central hemodynamics in patients with stenotic lesions of inner carotid arteries (ICA) before and after reconstructive surgery. Material and methods. Fifty-nine patients, aged from 46 to 78 years, with >50% atherosclerotic stenosis of ICA who underwent preventive carotid endarterectomy (CEAE) were examined. The isolate stenosis of ICA was identified in 13.6% of patients, concomitant lesions of brachiocephalic arteries in 86.4%. Atherosclerotic lesions of coronary arteries were found in 91.1% of patients and those of arteries of lower extremities in 45.8%. In 25.5% of patients, the heart surgery was performed before the current hospitalization. Heterogeneous atherosclerotic plaques with dense or hyperdense components were more frequents in symptomatic stenosis (63.3%). The maximal stenosis was identified in heterogeneous hyperechogenic plaques, the minimal ones in homogenous hypoechogenic plaques. Parameters of central hemodynamics were better in patients with 2nd stage of reconstructive surgeries. The emission fraction decreased proportionally to the degree of stenosis. The parameters of cerebral hemodynamics were significantly decreased in ICA stenosis and improved in the early post-surgery period. Results. CEAE promoted the improvement of cognitive functions and the recovery of motor functions. The best positive dynamics was recorded in asymptomatic ICA stenosis. Poor outcome (transitory ischemic attacks, urgent surgery, restenosis) was found in patients with low levels of central and cerebral hemodynamics 12-24 months after the discharge. Moreover, smoking and the degree of stenosis predicted poor outcome. Conclusions. Surgical treatment in combination with the complex pharmacotherapy (hypotensive drugs, antiaggregants and statins) had the maximal effect, including the remote period.

  19. Distance to hospital and utilization of surgical services in Haiti: do children, delivering mothers, and patients with emergent surgical conditions experience greater geographical barriers to surgical care?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, James M; Hagander, Lars; Hughes, Christopher D; Nash, Katherine A; Linden, Allison F; Blossom, Jeff; Meara, John G

    2013-01-01

    An inverse relationship between healthcare utilization and distance to care has been previously described. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this effect related to emergency and essential surgical care in central Haiti. We conducted a retrospective review of operative logbooks from the Clinique Bon Sauveur in Cange, Haiti, from 2008 to 2010. We used Geographic Information Systems to map the home locations of all patients. Spearman's correlation was used to determine the relationship between surgical utilization and distance, and a multivariate linear regression model identified characteristics associated with differences in distances traveled to care. The highest annual surgical utilization rate was 184 operations/100,000 inhabitants. We found a significant inverse correlation between surgical utilization rate and distance from residence to hospital (rs = -0.68, p = 0.02). The median distance from residence to hospital was 55.9 km. Pediatric patients lived 10.1% closer to the hospital than adults (p Haiti. Children and patients receiving obstetric, gynecologic or emergent surgery lived significantly closer to the hospital, and these groups may need special attention to ensure adequate access to surgical care. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF GYNECOLOGIC MALIGNANCES IN PATIENTS 70 YEARS OF AGE AND OLDER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘凌亚; 黄惠芳; 连丽娟; 吴鸣; 沈铿; 郎景和

    2003-01-01

    Objective. To assess the viability of surgical procedures on gynecologic malignant patients of 70 years age and older. Methods. Between September 1,1983 to June 30, 1999, 57 gynecologic malignant patients aged 70 years and older (mean age 73.5 years) were treated by surgical procedures. A retrospective study was performed. All patients were analyzed for preexisting medical conditions, length of hospital stay, morbidi-ty, and mortality. Results. Thirty-four patients had an extensive surgical procedure, while a local surgical procedure was done in 23 patients. Forty-one patients (71.9%) had one or more preexisting medical illnesses. Minor surgical morbidity occurred in 24 patients (31.6%) and major surgical morbidity occurred in 6 patients (10.5%). There were no differences in the types of surgical procedures, mean hospital stay, preexisting medical illness and postoperative complications between the two groups of patients 70 to 75 year older and over age 75. The major postoperative complications all occurred in the extensive surgical procedure group that were higher as compared with local operation and postoperative mean stay was also significantly length in former group. Conclusions. The extensive surgical procedure can be performed for elderly patients with gynecologic malignances. Careful preoperative evaluation, monitoring, and meticulous postoperative care are vital to the success.

  1. Urinary carnitine excretion in surgical patients on total parenteral nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanphaichitr, V; Lerdvuthisopon, N

    1981-01-01

    Urinary free and total carnitine excretions were measured in 41 normal adults and seven surgical patients on fat-free total parenteral nutrition for 8 to 45 days. The means (+/-SEM) of urinary free and total carnitine excretion in normal adults were 162 +/- 19 and 328 +/- 28 micrometers/days, respectively. All of the patients exhibited protein-calorie malnutrition with a mean carnitine intake of 11.6 +/- 1.5 micrometers/day. Under this stringent carnitine economy with the adequate supply of lysine and methionine, urinary total carnitine excretion significantly reduced to 127 to 162 micrometers/day. This probably reflects the carnitine biosynthetic rate. However, during the periods of operation and/or infection, urinary total carnitine excretion significantly increased 2- to 7-fold that of normal levels. Significant positive correlation was found between the two forms of urinary carnitine and total nitrogen excretions. Serum free and total carnitine levels in patients were significantly higher than normal adults. Such findings can be explained by the endocrine responses to the stress phenomenon and indicate a catabolic response of skeletal muscle in which most of the body carnitine resides. This can impair their carnitine status.

  2. Nutrition support in surgical patients with colorectal cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Chen; Bao-Lin Liu; Bin Shang; Ai-Shan Chen; Shi-Qing; Wei Sun; Hong-Zhuan Yin; Jian-Qiao Yin; Qi Su

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To review the application of nutrition support in patientsafter surgery for colorectal cancer, and to propose appropriate nutrition strategies.METHODS: A total of 202 consecutive surgical patients admittedto our hospital with a diagnosis of colon cancer or rectal cancer from January 2010 to July 2010, meeting the requirements of Nutrition Risk Screening 2002,were enrolled in our study. Laboratory tests were performed to analyze the nutrition status of each patient,and the clinical outcome variables, including postoperativecomplications, hospital stay, cost of hospitalization and postoperative outcome, were analyzed.RESULTS: The "non-risk" patients who did not receive postoperative nutrition support had a higher rate of postoperative complications than patients who received postoperative nutrition support (2.40 ± 1.51 vs 1.23 ±0.60, P = 0.000), and had a longer postoperative hospital stay(23.00 ± 15.84 d vs 15.27 ± 5.89 d, P = 0.009).There was higher cost of hospitalization for patients who received preoperative total parenteral nutrition (TPN)than for patients who did not receive preoperative TPN(62 713.50 ± 5070.66 RMB Yuan vs 43178.00 ± 3596.68RMB Yuan, P = 0.014). Applying postoperative enteral nutrition significantly shortened postoperative fasting time(5.16 ± 1.21 d vs 6.40 ± 1.84 d, P = 0.001) and postoperative hospital stay (11.92 ± 4.34 d vs 15.77 ± 6.03 d,P = 0.002). The patients who received postoperative TPN for no less than 7 d had increased serum glucose levels(7.59 ± 3.57 mmol/L vs 6.48 ± 1.32 mmol/L, P = 0.006)and cost of hospitalization (47 724.14 ± 16 945.17 Yuan vs 38 598.73 ± 8349.79 Yuan, P = 0.000). The patients who received postoperative omega-3 fatty acids had ahigher rate of postoperative complications than the patients who did not (1.33 ± 0.64 vs 1.13 ± 0.49, P = 0.041).High level of serum glucose was associated with a high risk of postoperative complications of infection.CONCLUSION: Appropriate and moderate nutritional

  3. 77 FR 25179 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Surgical Safety Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... the Surgical Safety Institute of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The Patient Safety... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Surgical Safety Institute AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ),...

  4. Evacuation models and disaster psychology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.C.M. Vorst

    2010-01-01

    In evacuation models of buildings, neighborhoods, areas, cities and countries important psychological parameters are not frequently used. In this paper the relevance of some important variables from disaster psychology will be discussed. Modeling psychological variables will enhance prediction of hu

  5. 3-D Storybook: Effects on Surgical Knowledge and Anxiety Among Four- to Six-Year-Old Surgical Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macindo, John Rey B; Macabuag, Katherine R; Macadangdang, Carlo Miguel P; Macaranas, Margaux Valerie S; Macarilay, Marianne Jezelle Jem T; Madriñan, Natasha Nikki M; Villarama, Rouena S

    2015-07-01

    Inadequate surgical knowledge potentiates anxiety; however, no methodology simultaneously addresses anxiety and surgical knowledge. Our quasi-experimental study determined the effectiveness of a three-dimensional (3-D) storybook in increasing surgical knowledge and decreasing anxiety among young children scheduled for planned or required major surgeries. We studied 20 randomly assigned participants who received either the 3-D storybook or traditional health teaching. A presurgical knowledge questionnaire and modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale assessed surgical knowledge and anxiety. Data were analyzed with one-way and repeated-measures multivariate analysis of variance. Results showed that both groups had higher knowledge scores (F = 8.94; P = .008) and lower anxiety scores (F = 5.13; P = .036) after the intervention. The children who received information from the 3-D storybook exhibited a significantly higher posttest knowledge score (F = 11.71; P = .003) and lower anxiety score (F = 10.05; P = .005) than the traditionally educated group of children. The 3-D storybook effectively increased surgical knowledge and decreased anxiety and could be used as an alternative method to prepare pediatric surgical patients.

  6. Effectiveness of Installation Aeromedical Evacuation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-13

    60-Minutes Overlay .......................36 Figure 5. Trauma Centers by Ground Ambulance Access in 60-Minutes Overlay ........37 Figure 6. Military...Medical, Dental , and Veterinary Care, specified, “the Medical Evacuation System consists of ground and air medical evacuation platforms which work...Military Medical Center, formerly the separate entities of Brooke Army Medical Center and Wilford Hall Air Force Medical Center. The medical overlays

  7. Building Evacuation with Mobile Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Merkel, Sabrina

    2014-01-01

    The rapidly growing world population and increasingly dense settlements demand ever-larger and more complex buildings from today's engineers. In comparison to this technological progress, a building's equipment for emergency evacuation has been hardly developed further. This work presents a concept for a building evacuation system based on mobile devices. Furthermore, various algorithms for route planning with mobile devices and for indoor localization of mobile devices are addressed.

  8. U.S. survey of surgical capabilities and experience with surgical procedures in patients with congenital haemophilia with inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, A; Cooper, D L

    2012-05-01

    General guidelines exist for the use of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) to maintain haemostasis during surgery in congenital haemophilia A and B patients with high responding inhibitors (CHwI). Individual surgical plans are required and based upon historical therapy response, adverse events and anticipated procedure. Surgical interventions are feasible, yet it remains unclear how many US hemophilia treatment centres (HTCs) perform procedures in this fragile population. To better understand the US HTC surgical experience in CHwI patients and the number/types of procedures performed, a 21-question survey was sent to 133 US HTCs, with follow-up for response clarification and to non-responders. 98/133 HTCs (74%) responded, with 87 currently treating CHwI patients. In the last decade, 76/85 HTCs performed 994 surgeries on CHwI patients. Sites were experienced in the following procedures: central line insertion/removal (73 HTCs), dental (58), orthopaedic (52), abdominal (23), cardiovascular (14) and otolaryngologic (11). Experience with orthopaedic surgeries included synovectomies - arthroscopic (23 HTCs), radioisotopic (22), and open (7); joint replacement (18); fracture repair (14); and arthrodesis (8). Treatment modalities included rFVIIa bolus (83 HTCs) or continuous infusions (9), plasma-derived activated prothrombin complex concentrate (pd-aPCC) (55), antifibrinolytics (51), topical haemostatic agents (29), factor VIII (16) and fibrin sealants (14). Protocols for bypassing agents were used by 31/92 (33%) HTCs. Most US HTCs surveyed care for CHwI patients (74%) and have experience in minor surgery; fewer HTCs reported complex orthopaedic surgical experience. Identification of best practices and surgical barriers is required to guide future initiatives to support these patients.

  9. Length of stay in surgical patients: nutritional predictive parameters revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeida, Ana Isabel; Correia, Marta; Camilo, Maria; Ravasco, Paula

    2013-01-28

    Nutritional evaluation may predict clinical outcomes, such as hospital length of stay (LOS). We aimed to assess the value of nutritional risk and status methods, and to test standard anthropometry percentiles v. the 50th percentile threshold in predicting LOS, and to determine nutritional status changes during hospitalisation and their relation with LOS. In this longitudinal prospective study, 298 surgical patients were evaluated at admission and discharge. At admission, nutritional risk was assessed by Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and nutritional status by Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), involuntary % weight loss in the previous 6 months and anthropometric parameters; % weight loss and anthropometry were reassessed at discharge. At admission, risk/undernutrition results by NRS-2002 (PMAC) or a mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMA) under the 15th and the 50th percentile, which was considered indicative of undernutrition, did predict longer LOS (PMAC+MAMA (n 158, 53 %) had longer LOS than patients with a TSF+MAC+MAMA positive variation (11 (8-15) v. 8 (7-12) d, PMAC and MAMA measurements and their classification according to the 50th percentile threshold seem reliable undernutrition indicators.

  10. Surgical innovation-enhanced quality and the processes that assure patient/provider safety: A surgical conundrum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruny, Jennifer; Ziegler, Moritz

    2015-12-01

    Innovation is a crucial part of surgical history that has led to enhancements in the quality of surgical care. This comprises both changes which are incremental and those which are frankly disruptive in nature. There are situations where innovation is absolutely required in order to achieve quality improvement or process improvement. Alternatively, there are innovations that do not necessarily arise from some need, but simply are a new idea that might be better. All change must assure a significant commitment to patient safety and beneficence. Innovation would ideally enhance patient care quality and disease outcomes, as well stimulate and facilitate further innovation. The tensions between innovative advancement and patient safety, risk and reward, and demonstrated effectiveness versus speculative added value have created a contemporary "surgical conundrum" that must be resolved by a delicate balance assuring optimal patient/provider outcomes. This article will explore this delicate balance and the rules that govern it. Recommendations are made to facilitate surgical innovation through clinical research. In addition, we propose options that investigators and institutions may use to address competing priorities.

  11. [Surgical intervention in severe acute pancreatitis--retrospective study of 79 patients of the RWTH Aachen Surgical Clinic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohmann, A; Kasperk, R; Schumpelick, V

    1998-01-01

    This is a report on the surgical intervention in 79 patients with acute pancreatitis, who were operated in the Department of Surgery of the University Clinic RWTH Aachen in the period from 1986 to 1993. The main objective was the stratification of pancreatitis according to the Ranson-Score, the analysis of the surgical treatment and the timing of operation depending on the clinical condition. The average Ranson-score was 3.3 (median 3). 56 patients had necroses, which were removed because of the deteriorating clinical condition. In these cases the average Ranson-score was 4.2 (median 4). Seven patients (8.9% of the total number and 12.5% of the patients with necroses of the pancreas) died. This small number is the result of a severity-adapted management in a modern intensive care-unit and the good cooperation with the Department of Internal Medicine.

  12. Surgical Assisting

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Insert and remove Foley urinary bladder catheter Place pneumatic tourniquet Confirm procedure with surgeon Drape patient within ... Technology and Surgical Assisting (NBSTSA) offers the CertifiedSurgical First Assistant (CSFA) credential, and the National Surgical Assistant ...

  13. Surgical site infection in patients submitted to heart transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Jussara Aparecida Souza do Nascimento; Ferretti-Rebustini, Renata Eloah de Lucena; Poveda, Vanessa de Brito

    2016-08-29

    to analyze the occurrence and predisposing factors for surgical site infection in patients submitted to heart transplantation, evaluating the relationship between cases of infections and the variables related to the patient and the surgical procedure. retrospective cohort study, with review of the medical records of patients older than 18 years submitted to heart transplantation. The correlation between variables was evaluated by using Fisher's exact test and Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test. the sample consisted of 86 patients, predominantly men, with severe systemic disease, submitted to extensive preoperative hospitalizations. Signs of surgical site infection were observed in 9.3% of transplanted patients, with five (62.5%) superficial incisional, two (25%) deep and one (12.5%) case of organ/space infection. There was no statistically significant association between the variables related to the patient and the surgery. there was no association between the studied variables and the cases of surgical site infection, possibly due to the small number of cases of infection observed in the sample investigated. analisar a ocorrência e os fatores predisponentes para infecção de sítio cirúrgico em pacientes submetidos a transplante cardíaco e verificar a relação entre os casos de infecção e as variáveis referentes ao paciente e ao procedimento cirúrgico. estudo de coorte retrospectivo, com exame dos prontuários médicos de pacientes maiores de 18 anos, submetidos a transplante cardíaco. A correlação entre variáveis foi realizada por meio dos testes exato de Fischer e de Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon. a amostra foi constituída por 86 pacientes, predominantemente homens, com doença sistêmica grave, submetidos a internações pré-operatórias extensas. Apresentaram sinais de infecção do sítio cirúrgico 9,3% dos transplantados, sendo cinco (62,5%) incisionais superficiais, duas (25%) profundas e um (12,5%) caso de infecção de órgão/espaço. Não houve associa

  14. Successful resection of large mediastinal mature cystic teratoma immediately after evacuation of fluid content

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryo Miyahara

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Ryo Miyahara, Shinjiro Nagai, Toshihiko Sato, Chen Fengshi, Toru Bando, Kenichi Okubo, Hiroshi DateDepartment of Thoracic Surgery, Kyoto University, Kyoto, JapanAbstract: In this report, we presented a case of urgent resection of mature giant mediastinal teratoma. Its characteristic radiologic findings allowed us to plan evacuation of intratumoral fluid in order to make the surgical procedure safe and less invasive. In addition, a hybrid thoracoscopic-open approach also provided safety and allowed a somewhat less invasive tumor resection than otherwise would have been required. The patient recovered well without recurrence at nine months’ follow-up, with full expansion of the right middle and lower lobes. Here we discuss the diagnosis and surgical procedure with reference to the literature.Keywords: mediastinal mature teratoma, rupture, acute pleuritis

  15. Anesthetic management of a patient with Weaver syndrome undergoing emergency evacuation of extra-dural hematoma: A case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khokhar, R S; Hajnour, Msm; Aqil, M; Al-Saeed, A H; Qureshi, S

    2016-01-01

    Weaver syndrome is a rare disorder of unknown etiology characterized by skeletal overgrowth, distinctive craniofacial and digital abnormalities and advanced bone age. In general, craniofacial abnormalities that cause difficulty with tracheal intubation may improve, worsen, or remain unchanged as craniofacial structures mature. Furthermore, there is an estimated risk in these children of ≤1.09% of rhabdomyolysis or malignant hyperpyrexia. We report a case of a boy with Weaver syndrome who underwent emergency evacuation of extra-dural hematoma under general anesthesia.

  16. Comparison of surgical resection and transarterial chemoembolization for patients with intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Lin Lin

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions: Our results indicated that surgical resection provided superior survival benefit than TACE to patients with intermediate-stage HCC. This is in part attributable to advances in liver surgery which make the resection of intermediate-stage HCC possible. Surgical resection should be considered first for patients with preserved liver function.

  17. Interventional and surgical treatment of a hemothorax caused by a ruptured vertebral artery in a patient with neurofibromatosis type I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ji Hoon; Kim, Dong Hun; Kim, Dong Hyun; Seo, Hong Joo [Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-04-15

    We report a case of a massive hemothorax arising from a ruptured vertebral artery aneurysm in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 suffering from sudden onset of dyspnea. The vertebral artery aneurysm was treated with endovascular coil embolization. Then, an open thoracotomy was performed to evacuate the hematoma.

  18. Multiscale modeling and surgical planning for single ventricle heart patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsden, Alison

    2011-11-01

    Single ventricle heart patients are among the most challenging for pediatric cardiologists to treat, and typically undergo a palliative course of three open-heart surgeries starting immediately after birth. We will present recent tools for modeling blood flow in single ventricle heart patients using a multiscale approach that couples a 3D Navier-Stokes domain to a 0D closed loop lumped parameter network comprised of circuit elements. This coupling allows us to capture the effect of changes in local geometry, such as shunt sizes, on global circulatory dynamics, such as cardiac output. A semi-implicit numerical method is formulated to solve the coupled system in which flow and pressure information is passed between the two domains at the inlets and outlets of the model. A finite element method with outflow stabilization is applied in the 3D Navier-Stokes domain, and the LPN system of ordinary differential equations is solved numerically using a Runge-Kutta method. These tools are coupled via automated scripts to a derivative-free optimization method. Optimization is used to systematically explore surgical designs using clinically relevant cost functions for two stages of single ventricle repair. First, we will present results from optimization of the first stage Blalock Taussig Shunt. Second, we will present results from optimization of a new Y-graft design for the third stage of single ventricle repair called the Fontan surgery. The Y-graft is shown, in simulations, to successfully improve hepatic flow distribution, a known clinical problem. Preliminary clinical experience with the Y-graft will be discussed.

  19. Simulation study on the effect of pre-evacuation time and exit width on evacuation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHU Guanquan; SUN Jinhua; WANG Qingsong; CHEN Sining

    2006-01-01

    Occupant pre-evacuation time is often oversimplified into an explicit value in evacuation calculation. In fact, it is not an explicit value but a random variable following some kind of probability distribution. In order to analyze the importance of pre-evacuation time in evacuation calculation, GridFlow evacuation model is utilized to study the effect of pre-evacuation time on evacuation under different occupant densities and exit widths in a single room scenario. The evacuation time calculated by using normal pre-evacuation distribution is compared with that calculated by explicit pre-evacuation time. Two faults are presented when pre-evacuation time is considered as an explicit value. The theory of congestion and queue is presented to analyze the calculation results. Moreover, this paper also presents probability distribution of the total evacuation time when the pre-evacuation time follows normal distribution. The results show that the evacuation time is dominated by pre-evacuation time and hardly dependent on occupant density when the mean pre- evacuation time is long. For long mean pre-evacua- tion time, low occupant density or wide exit, when pre-evacuation time follows normal distribution, the total evacuation time also follows normal distribution.

  20. Outcome of orbital decompression for disfiguring proptosis in patients with Graves' orbitopathy using various surgical procedures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mourits, M. P.; Bijl, H.; Altea, M. A.; Baldeschi, L.; Boboridis, K.; Curro, N.; Dickinson, A. J.; Eckstein, A.; Freidel, M.; Guastella, C.; Kahaly, G. J.; Kalmann, R.; Krassas, G. E.; Lane, C. M.; Lareida, J.; Marcocci, C.; Marino, M.; Nardi, M.; Mohr, Ch; Neoh, C.; Pinchera, A.; Orgiazzi, J.; Pitz, S.; Saeed, P.; Salvi, M.; Sellari-Franceschini, S.; Stahl, M.; von Arx, G.; Wiersinga, W. M.

    2009-01-01

    Aim: To compare the outcome of various surgical approaches of orbital decompression in patients with Graves' orbitopathy (GO) receiving surgery for disfiguring proptosis. Method: Data forms and questionnaires from consecutive, euthyroid patients with inactive GO who had undergone orbital decompressi

  1. Debulking from within: a robotic steerable cannula for intracerebral hemorrhage evacuation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgner, Jessica; Swaney, Philip J; Lathrop, Ray A; Weaver, Kyle D; Webster, Robert J

    2013-09-01

    New approaches to intracerebral hemorrhage management are motivated by its high incidence and 40% mortality rate. Surgery is sometimes attempted to decompress the brain, although patient outcomes are similar regardless of whether surgery occurs. We hypothesize that surgical decompression is not more effective because current open surgical techniques disrupt healthy brain tissue to access the clot formed by the hemorrhage, offsetting the benefits of surgery. To address this, we propose a less invasive needle-based approach in which the clot is debulked from within using a superelastic, precurved aspiration cannula that is deployed from a needle. The tip of this aspiration cannula is controlled by coordinated insertion and retraction of the cannula and needle, as well as axial rotation of the cannula. We describe the design of a sterilizable and biocompatible robot that can control the three degrees of freedom of the needle and cannula. Image guidance is achieved by adapting an approach originally developed for brain biopsy. We provide an optimization method for the selection of the precurvatures of one or more sequentially used aspiration cannulas to maximize hemorrhage evacuation, based on preoperative medical image data. In vitro experiments demonstrate the feasibility of evacuating 83-92% of hemorrhage volume, depending on the number of tubes and deployment method used.

  2. A surgical approach in the management of mucormycosis in a trauma patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zahoor, B A; Piercey, J E; Wall, D R; Tetsworth, K D

    2016-11-01

    Mucormycosis as a consequence of trauma is a devastating complication; these infections are challenging to control, with a fatality rate approaching 96% in immunocompromised patients. We present a case where a proactive approach was successfully employed to treat mucormycosis following complex polytrauma. Aggressive repeated surgical debridement, in combination with appropriate antifungal therapy, proved successful in this instance. In our opinion, mucormycosis in trauma mandates an aggressive surgical approach. This prevents ascending dissemination of mucormycosis and certainly reduces the risk of patient mortality as a direct result. Anti-fungal therapy should be used secondarily as an adjunct together with surgical debridement, or as an alternative when surgical intervention is not feasible.

  3. Quality of survival in patients treated for malignant biliar y obstruction caused by unresectable pancreatic head cancer:surgical versus non-surgical palliation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hyung Ook Kim; Sang Il Hwang; Hungdai Kim; Jun Ho Shin

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Appropriate palliation for unresectable pancreatic head cancer is most important. This study was undertaken to compare the survival of patients with biliary obstruction caused by unresectable pancreatic head cancer after surgical and non-surgical palliation. METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed 69 patients who underwent palliative treatment for unresectable pancreatic head cancer. Fifty-two patients with locally advanced disease (local vascular invasion) and 17 with distant metastatic disease were included. The patients were divided into two groups, surgical and non-surgical palliation. RESULTS:Thirty-eight patients underwent biliary bypass surgery and 31 had percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). There was no signiifcant difference in the early complications, successful biliary drainage, recurrent jaundice, and 30-day mortality between surgical palliation and PTBD. However, in 52 patients whose tumor was unresectable secondary to local vascular invasion, the rate of recurrent jaundice after successful surgical biliary palliation was lower than that in patients who had non-surgical palliation (P CONCLUSIONS:In patients with preoperative evaluations showing potentially resectable tumors and/or no metastatic lesions, surgical exploration should be performed. Thus, in patients who have unresectable cancer or limited metastatic disease on exploration, surgical palliation should be performed for longer survival and better quality of survival.

  4. City evacuations an interdisciplinary approach

    CERN Document Server

    Binner, Jane; Branicki, Layla; Galla, Tobias; Jones, Nick; King, James; Kolokitha, Magdalini; Smyrnakis, Michalis

    2015-01-01

    Evacuating a city is a complex problem that involves issues of governance, preparedness education, warning, information sharing, population dynamics, resilience and recovery. As natural and anthropogenic threats to cities grow, it is an increasingly pressing problem for policy makers and practitioners.   The book is the result of a unique interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers in the physical and social sciences to consider how an interdisciplinary approach can help plan for large scale evacuations.  It draws on perspectives from physics, mathematics, organisation theory, economics, sociology and education.  Importantly it goes beyond disciplinary boundaries and considers how interdisciplinary methods are necessary to approach a complex problem involving human actors and increasingly complex communications and transportation infrastructures.   Using real world case studies and modelling the book considers new approaches to evacuation dynamics.  It addresses questions of complexity, not only ...

  5. Optimization of care for the pediatric surgical patient: Why now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arca, Marjorie J; Goldin, Adam B; Oldham, Keith T

    2015-12-01

    In 2015, the American College of Surgeons (ACS) has begun to verify hospitals and ambulatory centers which meet consensus based optimal resource standards as "Children׳s Surgical Centers." The intent is to identify children-specific resources available within an institution and using a stratification system similar to the ACS Trauma Program match these to the needs of infants and children with surgical problems. This review briefly summarizes the history, supporting data and processes which drove this initiative.

  6. [Surgical wound infection in patients undergoing extra-anatomical arterial surgery. A retrospective study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monreal, M; Callejas, J M; Lisbona, C; Martorell, A; Lerma, R; Boabaid, R; Mejía, S

    1993-01-01

    We present a retrospective review of a series of patients from our Service submitted to surgical extra-anatomical grafts. Correlation between diverse variants and ulterior obliteration by thrombosis or infection of the surgical wounds is analyzed. The series included 133 patients surgically treated between 1986 and 1991. The studied variants were: sex, age, type of graft, the material used, length and type of anesthesia, presentation of hypotension during the surgical intervention, diabetes, platelet recount. Fourteen patients (11%) presented early graft obliteration and 15 (11%) presented an infection of their surgical wound. Only the platelet variant showed statistical differences in patients presenting infection. A high recount of platelets could be a factor risk of infection.

  7. A review of surgical repair methods and patient outcomes for gluteal tendon tears.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebert, Jay R; Bucher, Thomas A; Ball, Simon V; Janes, Gregory C

    2015-01-01

    Advanced hip imaging and surgical findings have demonstrated that a common cause of greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is gluteal tendon tears. Conservative measures are initially employed to treat GTPS and manage gluteal tears, though patients frequently undergo multiple courses of non-operative treatment with only temporary pain relief. Therefore, a number of surgical treatment options for recalcitrant GTPS associated with gluteal tears have been reported. These have included open trans-osseous or bone anchored suture techniques, endoscopic methods and the use of tendon augmentation for repair reinforcement. This review describes the anatomy, pathophysiology and clinical presentation of gluteal tendon tears. Surgical techniques and patient reported outcomes are presented. This review demonstrates that surgical repair can result in improved patient outcomes, irrespective of tear aetiology, and suggests that the patient with "trochanteric bursitis" should be carefully assessed as newer surgical techniques show promise for a condition that historically has been managed conservatively.

  8. The state of the vegetative nervous system in patients with gonarthrosis for surgical treatment before and after surgical treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karaseva T.lu.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim. Analyzing the vegetative tensity of organism» functional systems before and after surgical treatment of elderly patients with metabolic-and-dystrophic gonarthrosis. Methods. The evaluation of vegetative homeostasis, reactivity of the vegetative nervous system by the data of variation pulsometry («REAN-POLY» RGPA-6/12, Taganrog in 60 patients with gonarthrosis at the age of 50-72 years and the disease duration — 9+1.5 years before and after surgical treatment: total tunnelization (Group I, tunnelization with osteotomy of leg bones for correction of limb biomechanical axis (Group II, treatment-and-diagnostic arthroscopy (Group III. Results. The reduction of the level of hypoxia tolerance and the decrease of the processes of general adaptation one month after surgery in Group I was registered in 40% of patients. As for patients of Group II, by the end of the period of fixation with the llizarov device — in 50%. As for those of Group III after arthroscopy — in 10% of patients. Among the patients whose 1С / 1С calculated parameter after surgical treatment was registered <1.0, its values were >10.0 before treatment in 70% of cases. At rest, marked vagotonia was registered with hypersympathicotonic reaction to orthotest, as well as with sharp decrease of the proportion of second-order slow waves while transition to standing position (VLF proportion <10.0%, thereby reflecting organism»s energy deficiency state. Conclusion. Preoperative examination. When VLF proportion after orthotest is registered <10.0%, such patients should be referred to risk group and prescribed in-depth examination. The index of centralization (1С dynamics for orthotest (1С test/1С rest is one of the criteria of functional recovery level for the particular patient: its increase points to the positive dynamics of restorative rehabilitative process, and the values <1.0 —to the negative one.

  9. Organization and development of surgical rehabilitation of patients with traumas and their effects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barabash А.P.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To improve the efficiency of surgical rehabilitation of patients with traumas, their effects. Materials and methods: Short-term and follow-up results of the surgical treatment of patients with traumas and their effects have been analyzed. Statistical research methods have been used. Results: the efficiency of medical technologies during the early rehabilitation of patients has been demonstrated. Conclusion: Adoption of the most efficient medical technologies of general surgical treatment and postoperative rehabilitation of patients with traumas and their effects in daily practice provides high-grade restoration of the extremity's function, shortening of treatment period, decrease in number of complications and invalidism

  10. Anesthetic management of a patient with Weaver syndrome undergoing emergency evacuation of extra-dural hematoma: A case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R S Khokhar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Weaver syndrome is a rare disorder of unknown etiology characterized by skeletal overgrowth, distinctive craniofacial and digital abnormalities and advanced bone age. In general, craniofacial abnormalities that cause difficulty with tracheal intubation may improve, worsen, or remain unchanged as craniofacial structures mature. Furthermore, there is an estimated risk in these children of ≤1.09% of rhabdomyolysis or malignant hyperpyrexia. We report a case of a boy with Weaver syndrome who underwent emergency evacuation of extra-dural hematoma under general anesthesia.

  11. Routine pre-operative focused ultrasonography by anesthesiologists in patients undergoing urgent surgical procedures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøtker, M T; Vang, M L; Grøfte, T;

    2014-01-01

    with focused ultrasonography in patients undergoing urgent surgical procedures. Methods We performed pre-operative focused cardiopulmonary ultrasonography in patients aged 18 years or above undergoing urgent surgical procedures at pre-defined study days. Known and unexpected cardiopulmonary pathology...... was recorded, and subsequent changes in the anesthesia technique or supportive actions were registered. Results A total of 112 patients scheduled for urgent surgical procedures were included. Their mean age (standard deviation) was 62 (21) years. Of these patients, 24% were American Society....... Unexpected pathology leading to changes in anesthesia technique or supportive actions was only disclosed in a group of patients above the age of 60 years and/or in ASA class ≥ 3. Conclusion Focused cardiopulmonary ultrasonography disclosed unexpected pathology in patients undergoing urgent surgical...

  12. Evacuation Shelters - MDC_HurricaneShelter

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — A label feature class of Miami-Dade County Hurricane Evacuation Shelters (HEC) including Special Need Evacuation Centers (SNEC) and Medical Management Facilities...

  13. Evacuation Shelters - MDC_HurricaneShelter

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — A label feature class of Miami-Dade County Hurricane Evacuation Shelters (HEC) including Special Need Evacuation Centers (SNEC) and Medical Management Facilities...

  14. Definition of major bleeding in clinical investigations of antihemostatic medicinal products in surgical patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schulman, S; Angerås, U; Bergqvist, D

    2010-01-01

    The definition of major bleeding varies between studies on surgical patients, particularly regarding the criteria for surgical wound-related bleeding. This diversity contributes to the difficulties in comparing data between trials. The Scientific and Standardization Committee (SSC), through its s...... of this definition from the regulatory authorities to enhance its incorporation into future clinical trial protocols....

  15. The obesity paradox in surgical patients : From preoperative assessment to long term outcome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. Galal (Wael)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractIn the Netherlands, 16 million inhabitants undergo about 1 million surgical procedures annually. The percentage of serious adverse advents is a burden to society and stresses the need for adequate preoperative assessment in order to select and optimize surgical patients. The clinical

  16. The low therapeutic efficacy of postoperative chest radiographs for surgical intensive care unit patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Kröner; E. van Iperen; J. Horn; J.M. Binnekade; P.E. Spronk; J. Stoker; M.J. Schultz

    2011-01-01

    Background. The clinical value of postoperative chest radiographs (CXRs) for surgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients is largely unknown. In the present study, we determined the diagnostic and therapeutic efficacy of postoperative CXRs for different surgical subgroups and related their efficacy t

  17. Robotic thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis : neurological and surgical outcomes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keijzers, Marlies; de Baets, Marc; Hochstenbag, Monique; Abdul-Hamid, Myrurgia; zur Hausen, Axel; van der Linden, Marcel; Kuks, Jan; Verschuuren, Jan; Kessels, Fons; Dingemans, Anne-Marie C.; Maessen, Jos

    2015-01-01

    Thymectomy is frequently used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis (MG). But indication, timing or surgical approach remain controversial. This study reports our experiences with robotic thymectomy and surgical and neurological outcomes in a large cohort of patients with MG. We retrospectively anal

  18. Patient Satisfaction of Surgical Treatment of Clitoral Phimosis and Labial Adhesions Caused by Lichen Sclerosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne N. Flynn, MD

    2015-12-01

    Conclusions: This study shows high patient satisfaction and low complication risk associated with surgical correction of clitoral phimosis and lysis of vulvar adhesions for VGF caused by LS. Patients reported improvement in clitoral sensation and ability to achieve orgasm, as well as decreased dyspareunia. Surgical correction of vulvar scarring is a viable option to restore vulvar anatomy and sexual function in appropriate candidates with anogenital LS. Flynn AN, King M, Rieff M, Krapf J, and Goldstein AT. Patient satisfaction of surgical treatment of clitoral phimosis and labial adhesions caused by lichen sclerosus. Sex Med 2015;3:251–255.

  19. Discussion on surgical treatment for young patients with congenital lower eyelid entropion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo-Tao Zheng

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To explore the surgical methods and clinical effects on young patients with congenital lower eyelid entropion. METHODS: There were 27 patients(45 caseswho suffered congenital lower eyelid entropion accepted the modified blepharosphincterectomy. The clinical effects and complications were evaluated.RESULTS: After followed up for 6mo, 42 eyes were fully recovered, 3 eyes were unsuccessful and the cure rate was 93%, 5 eyes suffered minor lower eyelid skin folds, none had lower eyelid retraction and ectropion.CONCLUSION: Modified blepharosphincterectomy is an ideal cosmetic surgical treatment for young patients with congenital lower eyelid entropion. It is an effective surgical treatment with fewer complications.

  20. Anesthesia and perioperative management of colorectal surgical patients - specific issues (part 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santosh Patel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Colorectal surgery carries significant morbidity and mortality, which is associated with an enormous use of healthcare resources. Patients with pre-existing morbidities, and those undergoing emergency colorectal surgery due to complications such as perforation, obstruction, or ischemia / infarction are at an increased risk for adverse outcomes. Fluid therapy in emergency colorectal surgical patients can be challenging as hypovolemic and septic shock may coexist. Abdominal sepsis is a serious complication and may be diagnosed during pre-, intra-, or postoperative periods. Early suspicion and recognition of medical and / or surgical complications are essential. The critical care management of complicated colorectal surgical patients require collaborative and multidisciplinary efforts.

  1. Pedestrian, Crowd, and Evacuation Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Helbing, Dirk

    2013-01-01

    This contribution describes efforts to model the behavior of individual pedestrians and their interactions in crowds, which generate certain kinds of self-organized patterns of motion. Moreover, this article focusses on the dynamics of crowds in panic or evacuation situations, methods to optimize building designs for egress, and factors potentially causing the breakdown of orderly motion.

  2. Hospital mutual aid evacuation plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, R

    1997-02-01

    Health care facilities need to be prepared for disasters such as floods, tornadoes and earthquakes. Rochester, NY, and its surrounding communities devised a hospital mutual aid evacuation plan in the event a disaster occurs and also to comply with the Joint Commission. This document discusses the plan's development process and also provides the end result.

  3. Differences in characteristics and patient-reported questionnaire responses in patients who choose non-surgical versus surgical treatment for severe hip osteoarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Have, Mads; Overgaard, Søren; Jensen, Carsten

    Background: Preoperative patient characteristics may influence patient choice for participating in RCT’s. Purpose / Aim of Study: This study aimed to compare patient characteristics, level of pain, physical function and joint space width in patients with severe hip osteoarthritis (OA) who accepted...... or refused to participate in a RCT. Materials and Methods: In this prospective cohort study a total of 137 patients with primary hip OA were asked to choose between surgical or non- surgical treatment. We then compared the characteristics of each patient cohort (demographics, pain level and duration......, analgesic use, exercise habits), the radiographic hip OA state and their responses to Hip dysfunction and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS, 0-100) and European Quality of Life Scale (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaires. Findings / Results: The between-group HOOS scores were significantly different in three out...

  4. Hypertensive intracranial hematomas: endoscopic-assisted keyhole evacuation and application of patent viewing dissector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱永明; 林毅兴; 田鑫; 罗其中

    2003-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of endoscopic-assisted keyhole operation (EAKO) on treating hypertensive intracranial hematomas and the value of our patent dissector appli ed during the operation.Methods A total of 25 patients with hypertensive intracranial hematomas underwent endos copic-assisted keyhole evacuation, during which, the viewing dissector, which h ad recently achieved national patent, was connected to the tip of endoscope and used to help dissect hematomas. The outcome of this procedure were compared wit h those of 22 comparable cases undergone conventional surgical treatment (large or smaller craniotomy). The items for comparison included the volum e of remaining hematoma, the duration of operation, postsurgical Glasgow Coma Sc ale (GCS) and Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS).Results Remaining hematoma was ascertained 48 h after operation with the use of computerized tomography (CT) scans. In the case of EAKO, nearly complete evacuation (>84%) was achieved in 21 cases; GCS was evaluated at 7 d postsurgery result ing in GCS >12 in 9 patients, GCS 9-12 in 12 patients and GCS <9 in 4 patients. The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 21 mon. GOS was estimated at half a year and good recovery rate as defined by GOS was assigned to 76% of the EAKO pa tients. There are significant differences in the volumes of remaining hematomas and the duration of operation between the EAKO and craniotomy group (P<0.0 5). In addition, better clinical outcomes were obtained in EAKO. Conclusion EAKO has the advantage of being minimally invasive, improving surgical results and the prognosis of hypertensive intracranial hematoma patients. We conclude th at keyhole operation is a safe, effective alternative for removal of hypertensiv e intracranial hematoma, particularly during acute stages.

  5. Ethical aspects of care in the newborn surgical patient

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hazebroek, F.W.J.; Tibboel, D.; Wijnen, R.M.H.

    2014-01-01

    This article places focus on three main subjects that are all related to the ethical aspects of care of newborns undergoing major surgical interventions. The first concerns the communication between the surgeon, as a representative of the treatment team, and the parents. The second is the way to

  6. Evaluation of 30 patients with gynecomastia surgically treated

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurettin Yiyit

    2013-10-01

    Conclusions; Surgery is the most effective  treatment of gynecomastia. The most suitable surgical tecnique should be selected according to the skin redundancy. The target always must be breast reduction by the tecnique to provide the best symmetry and leave at least scar.

  7. Quantitative comparison of three electrosurgical smoke evacuation systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Boorder, Tjeerd; Noordmans, Herke Jan; Grimbergen, Matthijs; Been, Stefan; Verdaasdonk, Rudolf

    2010-02-01

    Electrosurgical equipment used during surgery generate smoke consisting of particles, vapor, aerosols and potentially harmful biological agents. Smoke evacuation systems are used more commonly and various types are available. A special image enhancement technique was used to study the behavior of surgical smoke and the effectiveness of smoke evacuation systems. Three different smoke evacuation systems were investigated. Rapid vac (Valleylab Boulder CO) The Buffalo silent whisper turbo (Buffalo, NY) ERBE IES 300 ( Tübingen, Germany) A back scatter illumination technique in combination with a high speed camera was applied to image the dynamics of a smoke plume generated by vaporizing a homogenous meat paste irradiated with the beam of a 10 W cw CO2 laser moving at a constant speed. The three different smoke evacuation systems with their individual nozzles, were held 2 cm above the surface of the meat paste and were switched on and off at fixed intervals to mimic a clinical situation. For images analysis, software was developed to count 'smoke pixels' in the video frames as a quantification tool. For the observer's eye, there were no differences between the systems. However, images quantification showed significantly less 'smoke' for the Buffalo system. It is expected that the performance in a clinical situation is also influenced by additional conditions like nozzle design, airflow and noise level. Noise levels were measured at the tip of the nozzle, 80 cm from the tip, 140 cm from the tip. The Buffalo system is the loudest system at every distance measured.

  8. EFFECT OF CHECKLIST ON THE OCCURRENCE OF POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATION ON SURGICAL PATIENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birhanemeskel Tegene Adankie

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Surgical safety checklists (SSCs are designed to improve inter professional communications and ultimately avoiding catastrophic errors that often characterizes the culture of surgical teams. However, data on effect of surgical checklists implementation are scarce in the study area. The purpose of this research project was to directly examine the effect of utilization surgical safety checklist on patient outcomes at University of Gondar Hospital, in Northwest Ethiopia. Material and methods: Institution based cross sectional study was done at Gondar university teaching hospitals from January to May 2013. We reviewed medical records of all consecutive patients admitted to the surgery department (N=403. For those who have clinical symptoms of surgical site infection a laboratory diagnosis were performed to compare occurrences of all postoperative complication among patients with and without utilization of surgical safety checklist. Results: During the study period from 403 patients operated, SSCs were attached for only 158 (39.2% of the surgical patients. Post-operative complication were observed in 238 (59 % of the patients and postoperative fever was the major complication accounting for 70 (17.3% of all the complication. Surgical wound infection and pneumonia accounted for 47(16.6% and 33(11.7% respectively. S. aurous was the predominant isolated bacteria accounted for 7(30%, In addition, a statistically non-significant 11.2% decline the rate of surgical wound infection in the checklist group. In a logistic regression model of postoperative fever, the SSCs emerged as a significant independent predictor of this outcome: (OR = 0.49, 95% CI 0.31–0.75, and P value = 0.001. Conclusions and recommendation: patients with checklist have observed significant reductions of post operative complication particularly bacterial infection. It is possible to some extent that the improved usage of check list and preoperative prophylactic antibiotics

  9. The effects of high perioperative inspiratory oxygen fraction for adult surgical patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wetterslev, Jørn; Meyhoff, Christian S; Jørgensen, Lars N

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Available evidence on the effects of a high fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) of 60% to 90% compared with a routine fraction of inspired oxygen of 30% to 40%, during anaesthesia and surgery, on mortality and surgical site infection has been inconclusive. Previous trials and meta......-analyses have led to different conclusions on whether a high fraction of supplemental inspired oxygen during anaesthesia may decrease or increase mortality and surgical site infections in surgical patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of an FIO2 equal to or greater than 60% compared...... with a control FIO2 at or below 40% in the perioperative setting in terms of mortality, surgical site infection, respiratory insufficiency, serious adverse events and length of stay during the index admission for adult surgical patients.We looked at various outcomes, conducted subgroup and sensitivity analyses...

  10. Surgical treatment of Peyronie's disease: choosing the best approach to improve patient satisfaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Paulo H. Egydio

    2008-01-01

    Aim: To discuss important points on medical history, preoperative evaluation, real expectations, and selection of the appropriate surgical procedure to improve patient satisfaction after surgical procedures for Peyronie's disease. Methods:Recent advances in approaches to Peyronie's disease are discussed based on the literature and personal experiences.Issues concerning surgical indication, patient selection, surgical techniques, and grafting are discussed. Lengthening procedures on the convex side of the penile curvature by means of grafting offer the best possible gain from a reconstruction standpoint. Penile rectification and rigidity are required to achieve a completely functional penis. Most patients experience associated erectile dysfunction (ED), and penile straightening alone may not be enough to restore complete function. Twenty-five patients were submitted to total penile reconstruction on length and girth with concomitant penile prosthesis implant. The maximum length restoration was possible and limited by the length of the maintained the penis straight. No infections occurred. Sexual intercourse was restored in all patients and all reported recovered self-esteem. Conclusion: Improving patient satisfaction with the surgical treatment includes proper preoperative evaluation on stable disease, penile shortening, vascular and erectile status, patient decision and selection as well as extensive discussion on surgical technique for restoring functional penis (length and rigidity). Length and girth

  11. Surgical correction of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy in a patient with severe hypertrophy and septal myocardial fibrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borisov, Konstantin Valentinovitch

    2012-10-01

    In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, myocardial fibrosis is an independent predictor of an adverse outcome. A new technique of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) surgical correction in patients with severe hypertrophy and septal myocardial fibrosis has been proposed. This approach avoids mechanical damage to the heart conduction system, and for the surgeon it improves visual inspection of the area to be resected. We present a case report of a 33-year old female patient with biventricular obstruction, extreme hypertrophy, septal myocardial fibrosis and episodes of ventricular tachycardia who underwent surgical correction according to this novel procedure. The advantage of the approach is an effective surgical treatment of HOCM in patients with severe hypertrophy and septal myocardial fibrosis who cannot be treated with the current surgical techniques.

  12. Impact of preoperative nutritional support on clinical outcome in abdominal surgical patients at nutritional risk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jie, Bin; Jiang, Zhu-Ming; Nolan, Marie T

    2012-01-01

    This multicenter, prospective cohort study evaluated the effect of preoperative nutritional support in abdominal surgical patients at nutritional risk as defined by the Nutritional Risk Screening Tool 2002 (NRS-2002)....

  13. Hip arthroplasty in patients with complex femoral deformity after surgical treatment of dysplasia

    OpenAIRE

    V. V. Bliznyukov; R. M. Tikhilov; I. I. Shubnyakov; A. O. Denisov; V. A. Shilnikov; A. Z. Chernyi; S. S. Bilyk

    2014-01-01

    Objective - based on the analysis of remote results of total hip arthroplasty in patients with complex deformities of the femur to compare the effectiveness of operations with standard cases and identify the factors that determine the surgery effectiveness. Material and methods. in Vreden clinic 73 patients with complex deformities of the femur underwent surgical treatment between 2001 and 2013 by various surgical interventions: arthroplasty without femoral osteotomy (23); arthroplasty accomp...

  14. Accuracy of cryptorchidism diagnoses and corrective surgical treatment registration in the Danish National Patient Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, M S; Snerum, T M Ø; Olsen, L H;

    2012-01-01

    In recent years several Danish studies of the etiology, time trends and long-term health consequences of cryptorchidism have relied on diagnoses and surgical treatments registered in the National Patient Registry. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of these registry data.......In recent years several Danish studies of the etiology, time trends and long-term health consequences of cryptorchidism have relied on diagnoses and surgical treatments registered in the National Patient Registry. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of these registry data....

  15. [Femoral hernia in elderly and senile patients, peculiarities of surgical tactics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vorovs'kyĭ, O O

    2014-01-01

    The results of surgical treatment of 74 elderly and senile patients, suffering femoral hernia (FH), were analyzed. In 39 (52.7%) of them intestinal incarceration was noted. The most effective procedures have appeared those, which incorporate application of polypropylene implants for the femoral ring strengthening while hernioplasty performing in elderly and senile patients. Application of transabdominal preperitoneal endovideohemioplasty constitutes a perspective direction in surgical treatment of FH.

  16. Predictive Score Card in Lumbar Disc Herniation: Is It Reflective of Patient Surgical Success after Discectomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azimi, Parisa; Benzel, Edward C; Montazeri, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Does the Finneson-Cooper score reflect the true value of predicting surgical success before discectomy? The aim of this study was to identify reliable predictors for surgical success two year after surgery for patients with LDH. Prospective analysis of 154 patients with LDH who underwent single-level lumbar discectomy was performed. Pre- and post-surgical success was assessed by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) over a 2-year period. The Finneson-Cooper score also was used for evaluation of the clinical results. Using the ODI, surgical success was defined as a 30% (or more) improvement on the ODI score from the baseline. The ODI was considered the gold standard in this study. Finally, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive power of the Finneson-Cooper score in predicting surgical success were calculated. The mean age of the patients was 49.6 (SD = 9.3) years and 47.4% were male. Significant improvement from the pre- to post-operative ODI scores was observed (P score. Regarding patients' surgical success, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the Finneson-Cooper ratings correlated with success rate. The findings indicated that the Finneson-Cooper score was reflective of surgical success before discectomy.

  17. Preoperative Prevalence of Staphylococcus Aureus in Cardiothoracic and Neurological Surgical Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritu eKapoor

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA is a global cause of both hospital and community-acquired infection. This retrospective, observational study determined the prevalence of MRSA carriers in cardiothoracic and neurological surgical patients presenting to an outpatient preoperative assessment center in Columbus, OH. MRSA may cause aggressive skin and soft-tissue infection with potentially fatal complications, and cardiothoracic and neurological surgical patients are at high risk for surgical-site infection. Results indicated that 4.25% of the sample carried MRSA and 25.25% carried methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus.

  18. Tsunami evacuation buildings and evacuation planning in Banda Aceh, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuzal, Hendri; Kim, Karl; Pant, Pradip; Yamashita, Eric

    Indonesia, a country of more than 17,000 islands, is exposed to many hazards. A magnitude 9.1 earthquake struck off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, on December 26, 2004. It triggered a series of tsunami waves that spread across the Indian Ocean causing damage in 11 countries. Banda Aceh, the capital city of Aceh Province, was among the most damaged. More than 31,000 people were killed. At the time, there were no early warning systems nor evacuation buildings that could provide safe refuge for residents. Since then, four tsunami evacuation buildings (TEBs) have been constructed in the Meuraxa subdistrict of Banda Aceh. Based on analysis of evacuation routes and travel times, the capacity of existing TEBs is examined. Existing TEBs would not be able to shelter all of the at-risk population. In this study, additional buildings and locations for TEBs are proposed and residents are assigned to the closest TEBs. While TEBs may be part of a larger system of tsunami mitigation efforts, other strategies and approaches need to be considered. In addition to TEBs, robust detection, warning and alert systems, land use planning, training, exercises, and other preparedness strategies are essential to tsunami risk reduction.

  19. Nursing Care of Patients with Hypertensive Intracerebral Hemorrhage after Craniotomy Evacuation of Hematoma%高血压脑出血开颅血肿清除患者手术前后的护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵山鹰

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨高血压脑出血(Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage,HICH)开颅血肿清除术后的护理要点.方法:对54例高血压脑出血患者行开颅血肿清除术的术前护理、术后护理及并发症的护理进行总结.结果:54例患者死亡4例,自动出院3例,植物人2例,重度残疾8例,中度残疾34例,好转3例.结论:高血压脑出血开颅血肿清除术的手术期护理尤其重要,术后应控制血压在正常水平,防止再出血和脑缺血,预防感染,加强功能锻炼以促进患者的恢复.%Objective: To investigate the nursing points of patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(HICH) undergoing hematoma evacuation.Methods: The preoperative nursing care,postoperative nursing care and complications nursing care of 54 cases of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage,who underwent craniotomy evacuation of hematoma,were summarized.Results: In 54 patients,4 patients died,3 cases automatically discharged,3 cases were in vegetative state,8 cases were severe disability,34 cases were moderate disability,3 cases were improved.Conclusion: Operative nursing care is especially important,should pay attention to maintaining the stability of blood pressure to prevent rebleeding and cerebral ischemia,preventing infection,enhancing functional exercise can promote the recovery of patients.

  20. NURSING ASSISTANCE FOR PATIENTS IN SURGICAL CENTER ADMISSION

    OpenAIRE

    Zulene Maria de Vasconcelos Varela; Enêde Andrade da Cruz

    2002-01-01

    We objectified in this study with qualitative handling, to analyze the nurse's care in the people'sadmission in Surgical Center, starting from this professional's assistematic observation, accomplishing thisprocedure. In the chosen institution, the space for admission is common to all the elements of the team, to thepeople's flow and customers, that stay close one of the other ones, generating erroneous interpretations in thecommunication, hindering of that the efective care. The nurse's conc...

  1. Hospital evacuation; planning, assessment, performance and evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wabo Nero C; Örtenwall P; Khorram-Manesh A

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Malfunction in hospitals´ complex internal systems, or extern threats, may result in a hospital evacuation. Factors contributing to such evacuation must be identified, analyzed and action plans should be prepared. Our aims in this study were 1) to evaluate the use of risk and vulnerability analysis as a basis for hospital evacuation plan, 2) to identify risks/hazards triggering an evacuation and evaluate the respond needed and 3) to propose a template with main key points for planning, performance and evaluation of such evacuation. Methods: A risk and vulnerability analysis at two county hospitals along with a systematic online literature search based on the following keywords; “evacuation/closure”, “hospitals/medical facilities” and“disaster/hazards” alone or with “planning”, was conducted. Results: We found that although all hospitals have a disaster plan, there is a lack of knowledge and appropriate instruments to plan, perform and evaluate a hospital evacuation. Risk and vulnerability analysis can be used to reveal threats leading to an evacuation (e.g. on-going climate changes and terror actions). These key points can later be used to plan, perform and evaluate such evacuation. Conclusion: There is a need for an elaborated evacuation planning for hospitals. An evacuation plan should continuously be drilled based on a risk and vulnerability analysis. A general guide can be used as foundation to plan, perform and evaluate such plan.

  2. Impact of trauma and surgical treatment on the quality of life of patients with facial fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conforte, J J; Alves, C P; Sánchez, M del P R; Ponzoni, D

    2016-05-01

    This study assessed the impact of oral and maxillofacial trauma and surgical treatment on the quality of life of patients. The study included 66 patients (age range 18-65 years) with facial fractures; 33 required surgical treatment and 33 required conservative (non-surgical) treatment. Quality of life was evaluated by applying the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14) immediately after diagnosis of the trauma (T1), 30 days after surgery or trauma (T2), and 90 days after surgery or trauma (T3). For the control group (conservative treatment), there was a change in quality of life at T1 and T2. A change in quality of life was found for all of the surgical patients, regardless of the type of fracture and the observation period analyzed. There was no statistical difference when T1, T2, and T3 were compared in cases of zygomatic, Le Fort I, and nasal fractures, however there was an improvement in the quality of life of patients with mandibular fractures (P=0.0102) and multiple facial fractures (P=0.0097) at T3. Facial trauma caused the greatest impact on the quality of life of surgical patients at T1. The surgical treatment significantly improved quality of life for patients with mandibular and multiple facial fractures.

  3. [Surgical treatment of patients with cancer of the larynx with lesions of the anterior commissure].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bariliak, Iu R

    1990-01-01

    Eighty two patients with glottic tumors extending to the anterior commissure underwent surgical treatment: 11 patients for cordectomy in its classic form, 11 patients for fronto-lateral cordectomy, 59 patients for extended cordectomy, and 1 patient for hemilaryngectomy according to Otan. Analysis of the postoperative clinical state of the patients suggests that surgery for vocal cord carcinoma involving the anterior commissure should not necessarily include tracheostomy and laryngeal tamponade.

  4. Accessibility to surgical robot technology and prostate-cancer patient behavior for prostatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugihara, Toru; Yasunaga, Hideo; Matsui, Hiroki; Nagao, Go; Ishikawa, Akira; Fujimura, Tetsuya; Fukuhara, Hiroshi; Fushimi, Kiyohide; Ohori, Makoto; Homma, Yukio

    2017-07-01

    To examine how surgical robot emergence affects prostate-cancer patient behavior in seeking radical prostatectomy focusing on geographical accessibility. In Japan, robotic surgery was approved in April 2012. Based on data in the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination database between April 2012 and March 2014, distance to nearest surgical robot and interval days to radical prostatectomy (divided by mean interval in 2011: % interval days to radical prostatectomy) were calculated for individual radical prostatectomy cases at non-robotic hospitals. Caseload changes regarding distance to nearest surgical robot and robot introduction were investigated. Change in % interval days to radical prostatectomy was evaluated by multivariate analysis including distance to nearest surgical robot, age, comorbidity, hospital volume, operation type, hospital academic status, bed volume and temporal progress. % Interval days to radical prostatectomy became wider for distance to nearest surgical robot robot emerged within 30 and 10 km, the prostatectomy caseload in non-robot hospitals reduced by 13 and 18% within 6 months, respectively, while the robot hospitals gained +101% caseload (P robotic minimally invasive radical prostatectomies in 483 non-robot hospitals revealed a significant inverse association between distance to nearest surgical robot and % interval days to radical prostatectomy (B = -17.3% for distance to nearest surgical robot ≥30 km and -11.7% for 10-30 km versus distance to nearest surgical robot Robotic surgery accessibility within 30 km would make patients less likely select conventional surgery. The nearer a robot was, the faster the caseload reduction was.

  5. Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005

    CERN Document Server

    Gattermann, Peter; Knoflacher, Hermann; Schreckenberg, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Due to an increasing number of reported catastrophes all over the world, the safety especially of pedestrians today, is a dramatically growing field of interest, both for practitioners as well as scientists from various disciplines. The questions arising mainly address the dynamics of evacuating people and possible optimisations of the process by changing the architecture and /or the procedure. This concerns not only the case of ships, stadiums or buildings, all with restricted geometries, but also the evacuation of complete geographical regions due to natural disasters. Furthermore, also ‘simple’ crowd motion in ‘relaxed’ situations poses new questions with respect to higher comfort and efficiency since the number of involved persons at large events is as high as never before. In addition, as a new research topic in this field, collective animal behaviour is attracting increasing attention. All this was in the scope of the conference held in Vienna, September 28–30, 2005, the third one in a series ...

  6. Using an age-specific nursing model to tailor care to the adolescent surgical patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monahan, Janean Carter

    2014-06-01

    A surgical experience can be stressful for any patient. When the patient is an adolescent, however, the surgical experience can create significant stress, which is related to normal adolescent development. Perioperative nursing care should address what adolescent patients perceive as stressful and should provide a safe environment so that a successful surgical outcome can be achieved. To accomplish this, a nursing model specific to perioperative nursing practice should be developed to guide nurses when providing care to adolescents. The Adolescent Perioperative System Stability Model based on the Neuman Systems Model provides a framework for defining scope of practice and organizing nursing care that is appropriate for the adolescent during a surgical experience. In addition to guiding nursing practice, this model provides direction and guidance for future studies of adolescents in the perioperative setting.

  7. Ectopic adrenal tissue in the spermatic cord in pediatric patients: surgical implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Mendez

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence and relevance of ectopic adrenal tissue in pediatric patients who underwent groin surgical explorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 1120 patients with groin surgical explorations during a period of 8 consecutive years. Patients’ clinical data and histological findings were analyzed. RESULTS: We found ectopic adrenal tissue in 13 patients in 1120 groin surgical exploration (1.16%. Of the 13 cases, 5 were diagnosed as having undescended testes, 6 inguinal hernia and 2 communicating hydrocele. Median age at diagnosis was 5.6 years. Histological sections showed adrenal cortical tissue with no medulla present. CONCLUSION: Based on the clinical implications of those adrenal rests it is mandatory the removal of this ectopic tissue whenever encountered during surgical interventions in the groin region in children.

  8. Impact of the difference in surgical site on the physique in gastrointestinal tract cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hara, Tsuyoshi; Kubo, Akira; Kogure, Eisuke; Ishii, Takaya

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to observe physical function, physique (only BMI), and nutrition status (evaluated by serum albumin levels) from before surgery to after discharge among perioperative patients with gastrointestinal tract cancer and to examine the effect of difference in surgical site (i.e., stomach, colon, and rectum) in these patients. [Subjects and Methods] The study subjects were 70 patients who underwent surgical treatment for gastrointestinal tract cancer [36 males and 34 females, aged 59.3 ± 11.4 years (mean ± SD)]. The subjects were classified into three levels according to surgical site (stomach, colon, and rectum). We evaluated patients' physical function, physique, and nutrition status in the three points: before surgery, after surgery, and after discharge. The 6-minute walk distance was measured for physical function. Body mass index was measured for physique. The serum albumin level was measured for nutrition status. [Results] Significant declines in 6-minute walk distance, body mass index, and serum albumin were observed after surgery among the study subjects. In addition, a significant decline in body mass index was observed after discharge compared with before surgery. Regarding body mass index, a significant interaction between surgical site and evaluation times was observed for ANOVA. [Conclusion] These results suggest that BMI after discharge is significantly less than that before surgery and that body mass index changes from before surgery to after surgery are efficacy the difference of surgical site in patients who undergo surgical treatment for gastrointestinal tract cancer.

  9. Evacuation exercise at the Kindergarten

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Every year fire evacuation exercises are organized through out CERN and our facility's Kindergarten is no exception. Just a few weeks ago, a fire simulation was carried out in the Kindergarten kitchen facility using synthetic smoke. The purpose of the exercise was to teach staff to react in a disciplined and professional manner when in the presence of danger. The simulation is always carried out at a random time so as to ensure that people in the area under the test are not aware of the exercise. For the Kindergarten the exercise was held early in the school year so as to train those who are new to the establishment. The evacuation was a complete success and all went as it was supposed to. When the children and teachers smelt smoke they followed the prescribed evacuation routes and left the building immediately. Once outside the situation was revealed as an exercise and everyone went back to business as usual, everyone that is, except the fire brigade and fire inspector.  The fire brigade checked t...

  10. The surgical management of elderly cancer patients : recommendations of the SIOG surgical task force

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Audisio, RA; Bozzetti, F; Gennari, R; Jaklitsch, MT; Koperna, T; Longo, WE; Wiggers, T; Zbar, AP

    2004-01-01

    Although cancer in the elderly is extremely common, few health professionals in oncology are familiar with caring for series of oncogeriatric patients. Surgery is at present the first choice, but is frequently delivered suboptimally: under-treatment is justified by concerns about unsustainable toxic

  11. Definition of major bleeding in clinical investigations of antihemostatic medicinal products in surgical patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schulman, S; Angerås, U; Bergqvist, D

    2010-01-01

    The definition of major bleeding varies between studies on surgical patients, particularly regarding the criteria for surgical wound-related bleeding. This diversity contributes to the difficulties in comparing data between trials. The Scientific and Standardization Committee (SSC), through its...... subcommittee on Control of Anticoagulation, of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis has previously published a recommendation for a harmonized definition of major bleeding in non-surgical studies. That definition has been adopted by the European Medicines Agency and is currently used...... in several non-surgical trials. A preliminary proposal for a parallel definition for surgical studies was presented at the 54(th) Annual Meeting of the SSC in Vienna, July 2008. Based on those discussions and further consultations with European and North American surgeons with experience from clinical trials...

  12. Improved patient specific seizure detection during pre-surgical evaluation.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Chua, Eric C-P

    2011-04-01

    There is considerable interest in improved off-line automated seizure detection methods that will decrease the workload of EEG monitoring units. Subject-specific approaches have been demonstrated to perform better than subject-independent ones. However, for pre-surgical diagnostics, the traditional method of obtaining a priori data to train subject-specific classifiers is not practical. We present an alternative method that works by adapting the threshold of a subject-independent to a specific subject based on feedback from the user.

  13. Preoperative Nutritional Status of the Surgical Patients in Jeju

    OpenAIRE

    Moon, Myung-Sang; Kim, Sung-Soo; Lee, Sang-Yup; Jeon, Dal-Jae; Yoon, Min-Geun; Kim, Sung-Sim; Moon, Hanlim

    2014-01-01

    Background To assess the preoperative nutritional status of patients with various disorders and to provide data for pre- and postoperative patient management plans, particularly in the elderly. There is no published information on age-matched and disease-matched preoperative nutritional/immunologic status for orthopedic patients, especially in the elderly, in Jeju. Methods In total, 331 patients with four categories of orthopedic conditions were assessed: 92 elective surgery patients, 59 arth...

  14. Surgical management of liver hydatidosis: a multicentre series of 1412 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secchi, Mario A; Pettinari, Ricardo; Mercapide, Carlos; Bracco, Ricardo; Castilla, Carlos; Cassone, Eduardo; Sisco, Pablo; Andriani, Oscar; Rossi, Leonardo; Grondona, Jorge; Quadrelli, Lisandro; Cabral, Raúl; Rodríguez León, Nicolás; Ledesma, Carlos

    2010-01-01

    The management of hydatid liver disease (HLD) includes various nonsurgical and surgical treatment options. The purpose of the present longitudinal study was to report the changes in surgical management and the consequent outcome of HLD patients in 10 referral surgical centres in Argentina from 1975 to 2007. The study result analysis was divided into two study periods (1975-1990 and 1991-2007). A total of 1412 patients underwent radical (Group 1: 396 patients), conservative (Group 2: 748 patients) or combined (Group 3: 536 interventions in 268 patients) surgical procedures. The overall mortality and complication rate (Clavien I-IV) was 1.8 and 39% respectively. The complication rate was significantly lower in Group 1 (26%) compared with Group 2 (45%) and Group 3 (42%) There was a significant decrease in mortality (2.3 vs. 1%), complication (42 vs. 34%) and early reoperation (12 vs. 6%) rates between the first study part (918 patients) and the second study part (494 patients). During a median follow-up of 7 years, there was a significant decrease in the first part of this study in the late reoperation rate (8.4-3%) and in disease recurrence (9-1.6%). This large national observational multicentre series shows a significant improvement in surgical management of HLD in Argentina, with a decrease in mortality, morbidity, early and late reoperation and recurrence rates. A recent trend was observed in favour of an earlier diagnosis, less complicated clinical presentation and recent use of minimally invasive approaches.

  15. Nutritional risk and status of surgical patients; the relevance of nutrition training of medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, C; Lavinhas, C; Fernandes, L; Camilo, Ma; Ravasco, P

    2012-01-01

    The prevalence of undernutrition among surgical patients is thought to be high, and negatively influencing outcomes. However, recent evidence shows the increase of overweight/obesity in hospitalised patients. A pilot cross-sectional study was conducted in 50 patients of a Surgical Department of the University Hospital of Santa Maria (CHLN) that aimed: 1) to assess nutritional risk and status through validated methods; 2) to explore the presence of overweight/obesity; 3) to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic risk associated with obesity. Nutritional risk was assessed by Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), nutritional status by Body Mass Index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), & Subjective Global Assessment (SGA). Statistical significance was set for p nutrition discipline in the medical curricula, limits the multiprofessional management and a better understanding of the more adequate approaches to these patients. Further, the change in the clinical scenario argues for more studies to clarify the prevalence and consequences of sarcopenic obesity in surgical patients.

  16. Surgical management of osteonecrosis of the femoral head in patients with sickle cell disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamath, Atul F; McGraw, Michael H; Israelite, Craig L

    2015-11-18

    Sickle cell disease is a known risk factor for osteonecrosis of the hip. Necrosis within the femoral head may cause severe pain, functional limitations, and compromise quality of life in this patient population. Early stages of avascular necrosis of the hip may be managed surgically with core decompression with or without autologous bone grafting. Total hip arthroplasty is the mainstay of treatment of advanced stages of the disease in patients who have intractable pain and are medically fit to undergo the procedure. The management of hip pathology in sickle cell disease presents numerous medical and surgical challenges, and the careful perioperative management of patients is mandatory. Although there is an increased risk of medical and surgical complications in patients with sickle cell disease, total hip arthroplasty can provide substantial relief of pain and improvement of function in the appropriately selected patient.

  17. [Objective assessment of symptoms and informing patients of surgical risks].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Tayrac, Renaud; Letouzey, Vincent; Marès, Pierre

    2013-01-01

    Genital prolapse is a functional pathology presenting with numerous urinary, genito-sexual, and anorectal symptoms. These symptoms are responsible for an alteration of the quality of life, sometimes associated to a real anxiety-depressive syndrome. Because of these complex intricacies, the management of these disorders became multidisciplinary. Tools to measure the impact of prolapse symptoms on the quality of life became a necessity. Such instruments should allow a correlation of the functional symptomatology at the anatomic stage, raise a surgical indication based on the functional disturbance and evaluate the effectiveness and tolerance of the various therapeutic procedures. Two validated self-questionnaires in French (short versions of the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory [PFDI-20] and the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire [PFIQ-7]) are presently available. Moreover, the physician has the legal obligation to provide detailed presurgical information on frequent and severe hazards, expected benefits, functional consequences, therapeutic alternatives and the consequences of nonintervention. Before surgery takes place, the surgical approach, the benefit of using synthetic prostheses, the possibility of uterine and/or ovarian conservation, and some risky conditions such as smoking, obesity and estrogen deficiency should be discussed.

  18. Initial management of hospital evacuations caused by Hurricane Rita: a systematic investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downey, Erin L; Andress, Knox; Schultz, Carl H

    2013-06-01

    Hurricanes remain a major threat to hospitals throughout the world. The authors attempted to identify the planning areas that impact hospital management of evacuations and the challenges faced when sheltering-in-place. This observational, retrospective cohort study examined acute care institutions from one hospital system impacted by Hurricane Rita in 2005. Investigators used a standardized survey instrument and interview process, previously used in the hospital evacuation context, to examine hospitals' initial internal situational awareness and subsequent decision making that resulted in evacuation due to Hurricane Rita. Participants from each hospital included representatives from senior leadership and clinical and nonclinical staff that comprised the Incident Management Team (IMT). The main measured outcomes were responses to 95 questions contained in the survey. Seven of ten eligible hospitals participated in the study. All facilities evacuated the sickest patients first. The most significant factors prompting evacuation were the issuing of mandatory evacuation orders, storm dynamics (category, projected path, storm surge), and loss of regional communications. Hospitals that sheltered-in-place experienced staff shortages, interruptions to electrical power, and loss of water supplies. Three fully-evacuated institutions experienced understaffing of 40%-60%, and four hospitals sustained depressed staffing levels for over four weeks. Five hospitals lost electricity for a mean of 4.8 days (range .5-11 days). All facilities continued to receive patients to their Emergency Departments (EDs) while conducting their own evacuation. Hospital EDs should plan for continuous patient arrival during evacuation. Emergency Operation Plans (EOPs) that anticipate challenges associated with evacuation will help to maximize initial decision making and management during a crisis situation. Hospitals that shelter-in-place face critical shortages and must provide independent patient

  19. Endoscopic Surgical Treatment of Lumbar Synovial Cyst: Detailed Account of Surgical Technique and Report of 11 Consecutive Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oertel, Joachim M; Burkhardt, Benedikt W

    2017-07-01

    Lumbar synovial cysts (LSCs) are an uncommon cause of radiculopathy and back pain. Open surgical treatment is associated with extensive bone resection and muscle trauma. The endoscopic tubular-assisted LSC resection has not been described in detail. Here the authors assessed the effectiveness of this technique for LSC resection. Eleven patients (4 female and 7 male patients) were operated on via an ipsilateral approach for resection of LSC using an endoscopic tubular retractor system. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging was evaluated for signs of degeneration and instability. At follow-up a standardized questionnaire including the Oswestry Disability Index and functional outcome according to MacNab criteria was conducted. Additionally, a personal examination with particular reference to back and leg pain was performed. The mean follow-up was 10.5 months. Preoperatively, spondylolisthesis grade 1 was noted in 4 patients (36.4%). Ten patients had bilateral facet joint effusion (90.9%). At follow-up 10 patients reported being free of leg pain (90.9%), eight patients reported no back pain (72.7%), ten patients had full motor strength (90.9%), and 9 patients had no sensory deficit (81.8%). Nine patients reported an excellent or a good clinical outcome (81.8%). The mean Oswestry Disability Index was 4.7%. None of the patients developed new mechanical low back pain or required subsequent fusion procedure. The endoscopic tubular-assisted procedure is a safe way to treat LSC. It offers complete resection of LSC and achieves good clinical outcome by preserving muscle and ligamentous and bony structures, which prevents delayed instability. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. [Plastic surgery in patients with surgical wound infection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gostishchev, V K; Lipatov, K V; Komarova, E A; Marakutsa, E V

    2009-01-01

    Results of various skin plastic operations performed in 312 patients with soft-tissue infection were analyzed. The choice of the method depended on size and site of the wound, predisposing pathological process, age and general patient's condition. Differential approach to the choice of reconstruction method allowed satisfactory short-term results in 91,4% of patients. 80% of patients demonstrated good long-term results.

  1. [Surgical treatment of patients with acute abscessed and phlegmonous lactation mastitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oskretkov, V I; Kokin, E F

    2001-01-01

    Under analysis were results of surgical treatment of 256 patients with abscessed and phlegmonous acute lactation mastitis. Radical primary surgical treatment of the purulent cavities allowed prevention of further progression of the inflammation in the mammary gland. The use of the low frequency ultrasound for treatment of the wound allowed to quicker arrest the acute inflammatory process in the tissues of the mammary gland surrounding the purulent cavity. In cases with diffuse purulent acute lactation mastitis it is necessary to take into attention the tension of the suture threads when fulfilling the secondary surgical treatment of the wound and putting in the running secondary early suture.

  2. Assessment of patient-reported outcome measures in the surgical treatment of patients with gastric cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straatman, Jennifer; van der Wielen, Nicole; Joosten, Pieter J; Terwee, Caroline B; Cuesta, Miguel A; Jansma, Elise P; van der Peet, Donald L

    2016-05-01

    Gastric cancer is responsible for 10 % of all cancer-related deaths worldwide. With improved operative techniques and neo-adjuvant therapy, survival rates are increasing. Outcomes of interest are shifting to quality of life (QOL), with many different tools available. The aim of this study was to assess which patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are used to measure QOL after a gastrectomy for cancer. A comprehensive search was conducted for original articles investigating QOL after gastrectomy. Two authors independently selected relevant articles, conducted clinical appraisal and extracted data (P.J. and J.S.). Out of 3414 articles, 26 studies were included, including a total of 4690 patients. These studies included ten different PROMs, which could be divided into generic, symptom-specific and disease-specific questionnaires. The EORTC and the FACT questionnaires use an oncological overall QOL module and an organ-specific module. Only one validation study regarding the use of the EORTC after surgery for gastric cancer was available, demonstrating good psychometric properties and clinical validity. A great variety of PROMs are being used in the measurement of QOL after surgery for gastric cancer. A questionnaire with a general module along with a disease-specific module for the assessment of QOL seems most desirable, such as the EORTC and the FACT with their specific modules. Both are developed in different treatment modalities, such as in surgical patients. EORTC is the most widely used questionnaire and therefore allows for comparison of new studies to existing data. Future studies are needed to assess content validity in surgical gastric cancer patients.

  3. Surgical therapy for portal hypertension in patients with cirrhosis in China: present situation and prospects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Guang-wen; LI Hong-wei

    2009-01-01

    @@ Surgical therapy for portal hypertension (PHT) in patients with cirrhosis has long been controversial,and various operative approaches have been used to prevent or manage such lethal complications as gastroesophageal variceal hemorrhage. However, over a century various portazygos devascularization and shunt approaches have been developed or modified, but the therapeutic effects have not been satisfactory till 1963 when Starzl did the first liver transplantation in the world, which provides a new hope to the surgical treatment of PHT.

  4. Surgical-orthodontic management of bilateral multiple impactions in non-syndromic patient

    OpenAIRE

    Agrawal, Jiwanasha Manish; Agrawal, Manish Suresh; Nanjannawar, Lalita Girish

    2013-01-01

    Several surgical and orthodontic treatment options are available to disimpact the impacted teeth. But the closed eruption technique has the best long-term prognosis. The tooth is surgically exposed, an attachment is bonded to it, flap is resutured over it and an orthodontic extrusive force is delivered to bring the tooth into occlusion. This case report presents a case with multiple impacted teeth in which no syndrome or systemic conditions were detected. A 20-year-old female patient reported...

  5. The pros and cons of endovascular and open surgical treatments for patients with acute limb ischemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branco, B C; Montero-Baker, M F; Mills, J L

    2015-06-01

    The present review addresses the pros and cons of the current, wide variety of therapeutic options available for the treatment of acute limb ischemia (ALI). Despite five prospective randomized controlled trials comparing catheter directed thrombolysis and open surgical revascularization, no single treatment strategy can yet be considered optimal for patients with ALI. This report includes 20 years of published data to evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of thrombolytic agents and adjunctive endovascular techniques when compared to open surgical revascularization.

  6. ANALYSIS OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTIONS IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS AFTER ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY: A CASE-CONTROL STUDY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chagas, Mariana de Queiroz Leite; Costa, Ana Maria Magalhães; Mendes, Pedro Henrique Barros; Gomes, Saint Clair

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objectives: To describe the rate of surgical site infections in children undergoing orthopedic surgery in centers of excellence and analyze the patients’ profiles. Methods: Medical records of pediatric patients undergoing orthopedic surgery in the Jamil Haddad National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics from January 2012 to December 2013 were analyzed and monitored for one year. Patients diagnosed with surgical site infection were matched with patients without infection by age, date of admission, field of orthopedic surgery and type of surgical procedure. Patient, surgical and follow-up variables were examined. Descriptive, bivariate and correspondence analyses were performed to evaluate the patients’ profiles. Results: 347 surgeries and 10 surgical site infections (2.88%) were identified. There was association of infections with age - odds ratio (OR) 11.5 (confidence interval - 95%CI 1.41-94.9) -, implant - OR 7.3 (95%CI 1.46-36.3) -, preoperative period - OR 9.8 (95%CI 1.83-53.0), and length of hospitalization - OR 20.6 (95%CI 3.7-114.2). The correspondence analysis correlated the infection and preoperative period, weight, weight Z-score, age, implant, type of surgical procedure, and length of hospitalization. Average time to diagnosis of infection occurred 26.5±111.46 days after surgery. Conclusions: The rate of surgical site infection was 2.88%, while higher in children over 24 months of age who underwent surgical implant procedures and had longer preoperative periods and lengths of hospitalization. This study identified variables for the epidemiological surveillance of these events in children. Available databases and appropriate analysis methods are essential to monitor and improve the quality of care offered to the pediatric population.

  7. Comparison of surgical septal myectomy to medical therapy alone in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and syncope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orme, Nicholas M; Sorajja, Paul; Dearani, Joseph A; Schaff, Hartzell V; Gersh, Bernard J; Ommen, Steve R

    2013-02-01

    The presence of syncope despite medical therapy in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) is considered an indication for surgical myectomy; however, no study has examined the long-term effects on recurrent syncope and survival after surgery in these patients. We examined 239 patients with HC and a history of syncope who had undergone surgical myectomy (mean age 48 ± 17 years; 56% men). The patients were age- and gender-matched to patients with HC and syncope who were treated medically without myectomy (mean age 51 ± 16 years; 59% men). The median follow-up period was 4.7 years (0.8, 11.3). The recurrence rate of syncope was 11% in the myectomy patients and 40% in the medical group (p <0.0001). Multiple episodes of syncope, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and recent syncope were identified as baseline predictors of recurrent syncope. Survival free of all-cause mortality was greater for patients who had undergone surgical myectomy than for the medically treated patients (10-year estimate 82 ± 4% vs 69 ± 4%; p = 0.01). In conclusion, surgical myectomy in patients with HC and a history of syncope was associated with a reduction in recurrent syncope and increased survival.

  8. Surgical Treatment for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients with Synchronous Solitary Brain Metastasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao BAI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Brain metastases are common in non-small cell lung cancer. Usual treatments include radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, these methods result in poor patient prognosis. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of surgical resection in the multimodality management of non-small cell lung cancer patients with synchronous solitary brain metastasis. Methods The clinical data of 46 non-small cell lung cancer patients with synchronous solitary brain metastasis were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent surgical resection of primary lung tumor, followed by whole brain radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In addition, 13 out of the 46 patients underwent resection of brain metastasis, whereas the remaining 33 patients received stereotactic radiosurgery. Results The median survival time of the enrolled patients was 16.8 months. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates were 76.1%, 20.9%, and 4.7%, respectively. The median survival times of the patients with brain metastasis resection or stereotactic radiosurgery were 18.3 and 15.8 months, respectively (P=0.091,2. Conclusion Surgical resection of primary lung tumor and brain metastasis may improve prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer patients with synchronous solitary brain metastasis. However, the survival benefit of surgical resection over brain metastasis resection or stereotactic radiosurgery is uncertain.

  9. Development of an adhesive surgical ward round checklist: a technique to improve patient safety.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Dhillon, P

    2012-02-01

    Checklists have been shown to improve patient outcomes. Checklist use is seen in the pre-operative to post-operative phases of the patient pathway. An adhesive checklist was developed for ward rounds due to the positive impact it could have on improving patient safety. Over an eight day period data were collected from five consultant-led teams that were randomly selected from the surgical department and divided into sticker groups and control groups. Across the board percentage adherence to the Good Surgical Practice Guidelines (GSPG) was markedly higher in the sticker study group, 1186 (91%) in comparison with the control group 718 (55%). There was significant improvement of documentation across all areas measured. An adhesive checklist for ward round note taking is a simple and cost-effective way to improve documentation, communication, hand-over, and patient safety. Successfully implemented in a tertiary level centre in Dublin, Ireland it is easily transferable to other surgical departments globally.

  10. Perioperative ω-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Nutritional Support in Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgical Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ying-Jie; Liu, Lian; Xiao, Jing;

    2016-01-01

    This study was a systematic evaluation of the beneficial effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in abdominal cancer surgical patients. A literature search of the databases PubMed, Medline, Cochrane, and EMBASE was conducted for studies published up to November 2014 in English language...... journals. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effects of n-3 PUFA intake relative to conventional nutrition in surgical patients were included. The main outcomes were the duration of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), length of hospital stay (LOS), serum C-reactive protein (CRP...... the postoperative infectious complication rate, and shortens hospitalization and SIRS duration, particularly in malnourished gastrointestinal cancer patients....

  11. Prevalence of synchronous colorectal neoplasms in surgically treated gastric cancer patients and significance of screening colonoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Akira; Koide, Naohiko; Takeuchi, Daisuke; Okumura, Motohiro; Ishizone, Satoshi; Suga, Tomoaki; Miyagawa, Shinichi

    2014-05-01

    The existence of other primary tumors during the treatment and management of gastric cancer (GC) is an important issue. The present study investigated the prevalence and management of synchronous colorectal neoplasms (CRN) in surgically treated GC patients. Of 381 surgically treated GC patients, 332 (87.1%) underwent colonoscopy to detect CRN before surgery or within a year after surgery. CRN were synchronously observed in 140 patients (42.2%). Adenoma was observed in 131 patients (39.4%). Endoscopic resection was done in 18 patients with adenoma. Colorectal cancer (CRC) was observed in 16 patients (4.8%), superficial CRC in 13 and advanced CRC in three patients. Endoscopic resection of superficial CRC was carried out in seven patients, whereas simultaneous surgical resection of CRC was done in nine patients. CRN were more frequently observed in men. CRC was more frequently observed in GC patients with distant metastasis, albeit without significance. The overall survival of GC patients with CRN or CRC was poorer than that of patients without CRN or CRC. Synchronous CRN were commonly associated with GC and screening colonoscopy should be offered to patients with GC. © 2013 The Authors. Digestive Endoscopy © 2013 Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society.

  12. Patient anxiety and surgical difficulty in impacted lower third molar extractions: a prospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aznar-Arasa, L; Figueiredo, R; Valmaseda-Castellón, E; Gay-Escoda, C

    2014-09-01

    Encountering patients who are fearful and anxious is common in dental practice and these factors can increase the complexity of dental procedures. A prospective cohort study was performed to assess whether patient anxiety influences the difficulty of impacted lower third molar extraction and to identify other predictive factors of surgical difficulty; 102 extractions done under local anaesthesia were assessed. Several preoperative variables were recorded (demographic, anatomical, and surgical) and patient anxiety was assessed through the use of various questionnaires. Extraction difficulty was measured using the operation time (OT) and a 100-mm visual analogue scale (difficulty VAS) completed by the surgeon. Patients with deep impacted third molars that required bone removal and tooth sectioning showed higher levels of preoperative anxiety. Significant correlations were found between questionnaire scores and the surgical difficulty (OT and difficulty VAS). OT was also related to age, depth of impaction, third molar angulations, proximity of the third molar roots to the mandibular canal, hard and soft tissue coverage, and the need to perform an ostectomy and tooth sectioning. Impacted lower third molar extraction is significantly more difficult in anxious patients. Other demographic, radiological, and surgical factors were also found to be significantly related to the surgical difficulty.

  13. Satisfaction of orthognathic surgical patients in a Malaysian population

    OpenAIRE

    Siow, K.K.; Ong, S. T.; Lian, C.B.; Ngeow, W. C.

    2002-01-01

    Thirty-one patients treated at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, were assessed for their satisfaction following orthognathic surgery. The female to male ratio was 22:9 with an age range of 17 to 36. Almost all patients (97) listed appearance as one of their rationales for surgery. More males (78) than females (59) wanted functional improvement, while more females (91) than males (33) hoped for improvement in self-confidence. All patients reported esthetic improvement while 68 ea...

  14. Surgical outcome and clinical follow-up in patients with symptomatic myocardial bridging

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Xiao-hong; WANG Shui-yun; XU Jian-ping; SONG Yun-hu; SUN Han-song; TANG Yue; DONG Chao; YANG Yue-jin; HU Sheng-shou

    2007-01-01

    Background Myocardial bridging with systolic compression of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) may be associated with myocardial ischaemia. The clinical outcome in patients with surgical treatment for symptomatic myocardial bridging remains undetermined. This study assessed the middle- and long-term results of surgical treatment for symptomatic myocardial bridging.Methods From 1997 to 2006, 37 463 patients received selective coronary angiography in the Fuwai Cardiovascular Hospital, Beijing, China. Of these, 484 patients had angiographic diagnosis of myocardial bridging. Of the 484 patients,35 underwent surgery for treatment of myocardial bridging with significant systolic arterial compression. Among the surgical treatment patients, 24 presented with other cardiac disorders, and the remaining 11 symptomatic patients with isolated myocardial bridging were included in the follow-up study.Results The angiographic prevalence of myocardial bridging was 1.3% in this study. The coronary angiographies of the 11 patients revealed myocardial bridging in the middle segment of LAD causing systolic compression ≥75% (ranging from 75% to 90%). The mean age of patients was 48.4 years. Surgical myotomy was performed in 3 patients and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in 8 patients. Eight patients were operated on with an off-pump approach and 3 with a cardiopulmonary bypass technique after median sternotomy. Conversion to on-pump CABG surgery was necessary in 1 patient because of perforation of the right ventricle. The left internal mammary artery was used in all patients with CABG.The acute clinical success rate was 100% with respect to the absence of myocardial infarction, death or other major in-hospital complications. All of the patients were followed up clinically. The median follow-up was 35.3 months (range: 6 to 120 months). Nine patients were free from symptoms and one of them continued taking beta blockers. The remaining 2 patients with myotomy had

  15. Risks and risk-analysis for the development of pressure ulcers in surgical patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keller, Bastiaan Paul Johan Aart

    2006-01-01

    With prevalence figures of 13% for university hospitals and 23% for general hospitals, pressure ulcers are a major health care issue in The Netherlands. Pressure ulcers in surgical patients are frequently encountered, as is illustrated by reported incidence rates up to 66%. The number of patients at

  16. Patient perceived burden of implant placement compared to surgical tooth removal and apicectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reissmann, Daniel R; Poulopoulos, Georgios; Durham, Justin

    2015-12-01

    To assess how patients actually perceive implant placement, to evaluate whether patients' perceived burdens are related to specific stages during implant placement, and to compare patients' perceptions during implant placement with other surgical procedures. A sample of 287 patients was consecutively recruited. Only patients with implantations (n=45), surgical tooth removal (n=147), or apicectomies (n=95) were included. Patients' perceptions during oral surgery and implantation were assessed using the Burdens in Oral Surgery Questionnaire (BiOS-Q). Effects of treatment on BiOS-Q total and domain scores were assessed using multivariate linear regression analyses, and effect sizes (Cohen's d) were computed. Overall, patients' perceived burdens during oral surgery were low indicated by a mean BiOS-Q total score of 28.5 points, with lowest scores for Side effects (19.4) and highest scores for Anesthesia (34.1). Among treatment groups, implantation was perceived least unpleasant. This was related to lower burdens during Bone and soft tissue manipulation during implantation than during surgical tooth removal (difference: 14.8 points; d=0.8) or apicectomy (difference: 13.1 points; d=0.7). Implantation has a low overall perceived burden and is significantly less burdensome during bone and soft tissue manipulation than surgical tooth removal or apicectomy. Patients can be informed that implant placement is less unpleasing than other commonly performed oral surgery procedures. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Cardiac surgery in grown-up congenital heart patients. Will the surgical workload increase?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klcovansky, J.; Søndergård, Lars; Helvind, M.

    2008-01-01

    The number of patients with grown-up congenital heart (GUCH) disease is steadily increasing. Although there is agreement that the medical service for GUCH patients should be expanded in coming years, it is still unknown whether this should also include the surgical service. In an attempt to eluci...

  18. Acute hypothyroidism in a severely ill surgical patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, T; Hjortsø, N C

    1988-01-01

    A case of acute postoperative hypothyroidism in a 62-year old woman is presented. One month before emergency admission because of a perforated gastric ulcer the patient had normal thyroid function, despite removal of a thyroid adenoma 20 years earlier. Following surgery the patient developed...

  19. Surgical and prosthetic reconsiderations in patients with maxillectomy.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lethaus, B.; Lie, N.; Beer, F. de; Kessler, P.; Baat, C. de; Verdonck, H.W.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to establish and evaluate new possibilities for rehabilitation of patients with obturator prosthesis who had undergone partial or total maxillectomy because of tumour ablation surgery. Eleven patients with maxillary defects were reconstructed with a computer-aided desig

  20. Psychological modulation in patients surgically intervened for gastroesophageal reflux disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara, F J Pérez; Carranque, G; Oehling, H; Hernández, J M; Oliva, H

    2014-08-01

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been related with certain psychological dimensions. The influence of mood, emotional intelligence, and perceived quality of life on clinical symptoms and outcome of antireflux surgery was evaluated in GERD patients with and without hiatal hernia. The study included 61 patients who were diagnosed with GERD between 2003 and 2008: 16 of them without hiatal hernia (group A) and 45 of them with hiatal hernia (group B). All of these patients had undergone laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Patients were clinically examined and evaluated with the following instruments: Short Form (SF)-36 Health Survey, Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index, Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale, and Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS)-24. Proportions were compared by using the chi-squared test; averages were compared by using the Student's t-test (with Bonferroni's correction). In general, our patients intervened for GERD showed results lower than normal or close to the lower limit of normal in the administered tests. Patients in the group without hernia were younger (P frustration, fear, and worry. On the basis of such unfavorable phychoemotional results observed with GERD patients (especially those without hernia) in the different tests, we propose that improving our knowledge of the psychological profile of GERD patients - particularly those without hiatal hernia - could help in designing individualized medical and psychological therapies and increase success rates.

  1. Frailty and Delirium in the Elderly Surgical Patient

    OpenAIRE

    Raats, Jelle

    2017-01-01

    markdownabstractThe aims of the research in this thesis were to explore the role of conservative therapies in frail elderly patients in need for (extensive) surgery. Also, delirium incidence and predictive factors of delirium in elderly patients having surgery were examined.

  2. Optimal control of diarrhea transmission in a flood evacuation zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erwina, N.; Aldila, D.; Soewono, E.

    2014-03-01

    Evacuation of residents and diarrhea disease outbreak in evacuation zone have become serious problem that frequently happened during flood periods. Limited clean water supply and infrastructure in evacuation zone contribute to a critical spread of diarrhea. Transmission of diarrhea disease can be reduced by controlling clean water supply and treating diarrhea patients properly. These treatments require significant amount of budget, which may not be fulfilled in the fields. In his paper, transmission of diarrhea disease in evacuation zone using SIRS model is presented as control optimum problem with clean water supply and rate of treated patients as input controls. Existence and stability of equilibrium points and sensitivity analysis are investigated analytically for constant input controls. Optimum clean water supply and rate of treatment are found using optimum control technique. Optimal results for transmission of diarrhea and the corresponding controls during the period of observation are simulated numerically. The optimum result shows that transmission of diarrhea disease can be controlled with proper combination of water supply and rate of treatment within allowable budget.

  3. Long-Term Surgical Complications in the Oral Cancer Patient: a Comprehensive Review. Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia Kolokythas

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Oral and oropharyngeal cancer remains among the top ten most common malignancies in the United States and worldwide. Over the last several decades the approach to treatment of oral cancer has changed very little with regards to primary tumour extirpation while the approach to the “at risk” lymph nodes has evolved significantly. Perhaps the most significant change in the surgical treatment of cancer is the introduction of free flap for reconstruction post resection. Despite these surgical advances, oral cancer ablation, still results in the sacrifice of several functional and aesthetic organs. The aim of this article was to provide a comprehensive review of the potential long-term complications associated with surgical treatment of oral cancer and their management.Material and Methods: The available English language literature relevant to long-term surgical complications associated with surgical treatment of oral cancer was reviewed. The potential common as well as rarer complications that may be encountered and their treatment are summarized.Results: In total 50 literature sources were obtained and reviewed. The topics covered in the first part of this review series include ablative surgery complications, issues with speech, swallowing and chewing and neurologic dysfunction.Conclusions: The early complications associated with oncologic surgery for oral cancer are similar to other surgical procedures. The potential long-term complications however are quite challenging for the oncologic team and the patient who survives oral cancer, primarily due to the highly specialized regional tissues involved in the surgical field.

  4. Dose surgical sub-specialization influence survival in patients with colorectal cancer?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cameron Platell; Daniel Lim; Nazreen Tajudeen; Ji-Li Tan; Karen Wong

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To perform a review of patients with colorectal cancer to a community hospital and to compare the risk-adjusted survival between patients managed in general surgical units versus a colorectal unit.METHODS: The study evaluated all patients with colorectal cancer referred to either general surgical units or a colorectal unit from 1/1996 to 6/2001.These results were compared to a historical control group treated within general surgical units at the same hospital from 1/1989 to 12/1994. A KaplanMeier survival analysis compared the overall survivals (allcause mortality) between the groups. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine the influence of a number of independent variables on survival. These variables included age, ASA score, disease stage, emergency surgery,adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, disease location, and surgical unit.RESULTS: There were 974 patients involved in this study.There were no significant differences in the demographic details for the three groups. Patients in the colorectal group were more likely to have rectal cancer and Stage T cancers,and less likely to have Stage Ⅱ cancers. Patients treated in the colorectal group had a significantly higher overall 5-year survival when compared with the general surgical group and the historical control group (56 % versus 45 % and 40 % respectively, P<0.01). Survival regression analysis identified age, ASA score, disease stage, adjuvant chemotherapy, and treatment in a colorectal unit (Hazards ratio: 0.67; 95 % CI: 0.53 to 0.84, P =0.0005), as significant independent predictors of survival.CONCLUSION: The results suggest that there may be a survival advantage for patients with colon and rectal cancers being treated within a specialist colorectal surgical unit.

  5. Effects of Art on Surgical Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vetter, Diana; Barth, Jürgen; Uyulmaz, Sema; Uyulmaz, Semra; Vonlanthen, René; Belli, Giulio; Montorsi, Marco; Bismuth, Henri; Witt, Claudia M; Clavien, Pierre-Alain

    2015-11-01

    The aim of the study was to assess the effect of art including ambient features such as music, interior design including visual art, and architectural features on health outcomes in surgical patients. Healing environments can have a positive influence on many patients, but data focusing on art in surgical patients remain scarce. We conducted a systematic search following the PRISMA guidelines from January 2000 to October 2014 on art in surgical patients. For music interventions, we pooled controlled studies measuring health outcomes (eg, pain, anxiety, blood pressure, and heart rate) in a meta-analysis. For other art forms (ambient and architectural features and interior design), we did a narrative review, also including nonsurgical patients, and looked for examples covering 3 countries. Our search identified 1101 hits with 48 studies focusing on art in surgical patients: 47 studies on musical intervention and 1 on sunlight. The meta-analysis of these studies disclosed significant effects for music on pain after surgery, anxiety, systolic blood pressure, and heart rate, when compared with control groups without music. Effects of music were larger with self-selected music, and lower in surgical interventions performed under general anesthesia. Interior design features such as nature images and more spacious rooms, and architectural features providing more sunlight had positive effects on anxiety and postoperative pain. Self-selected music for surgical patients is an effective and low-cost intervention to enhance well being and possibly faster recovery. Although potentially very important, the impact of environmental features and spacious architecture with wide access to sunlight remains poorly explored in surgery. Further experimental research is needed to better assess the magnitude of the impact and cost effectiveness.

  6. The challenge of recruiting patients into a placebo-controlled surgical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hare, Kristoffer B; Lohmander, L Stefan; Roos, Ewa M.

    2014-01-01

    patient into the RCT, 11.9 individuals needed to be screened. A total of 69% of participating patients considered the oral information to be the most important and the most common reason for participating was the contribution to research (90%). CONCLUSIONS: Patients are willing to participate...... in an orthopedic placebo-controlled surgical trial. Oral information given by the surgeon to the patient and the contribution to research are important aspects to enhance patient recruitment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01264991, registered 21 December 2010....... component only adds to this complexity. The purpose of this study was to report the challenges of recruiting patients into an orthopedic placebo-controlled surgical trial, to determine the number of patients needed to be screened and allocated in order to include one participant into the trial...

  7. Clinical, magnetic-resonance imaging and surgical findings in patients with temporomandibular joint disorders - a survey of 47 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raustia, A.M. (Dept. of Prosthodontics and Stomatognathic Physiology, Inst. of Dentistry, Oulu Univ., Aapistie (Finland)); Pyhtinen, J. (Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, University Central Hospital, Oulu (Finland)); Pernu, H. (Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Inst. of Dentistry, Oulu Univ. (Finland))

    1994-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate and correlate the clinical, magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI), and surgical findings in 47 patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. 51 TMJs (24 right, 27 left) were operated on, because 4 patients underwent treatment of both TMJs. The best correlation between MRI and surgical findings was noted in connection with position of the disk. This was surgically confirmed altogether in 88% of cases (45/51). The clinical diagnosis was confirmed by surgical findings in 75% of cases of anterior dislocation of the disk with reduction and 89% of cases of anterior dislocation of the disk without reduction. Bone changes noted by MRI were confirmed by surgery in 71% of cases. MRI was excellent especially relating to disk position and changes in disk morphology. The results show also that there are findings using MRI, e.g. of joint effusion, which cannot be confirmed during surgery. (orig.)

  8. Patient satisfaction with nursing care in a colorectal surgical population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumby, J; England, K

    2000-06-01

    This paper describes one arm of a much larger, multi-site study whose hypothesis was that evidence-based nursing practice is more effective than routine nursing care in improving patient outcomes and health gain. This arm of the study investigated patient satisfaction as an outcome measure for those patients undergoing colorectal surgery. The study's relevance for nurses is in the potential feedback for reviewing nursing practice and health care delivery. Patient satisfaction with nursing care was measured through a validated questionnaire, the SERVQUAL, followed by interviews with a percentage of the study population. The results of this arm of the study confirm the importance of measuring patient satisfaction through a triangulated method which investigates thoroughly, providing feedback for continuous quality improvement. The in-depth interviews provided greater insight into the results of the questionnaire, enabling clear feedback to nursing staff at the different sites of the study. Results of the questionnaire revealed age, sex and education levels of patients as major influences on individual perceptions of nursing care. Patients whose surgery resulted in stomas were also less satisfied with health-care delivery.

  9. Surgical management of lagophthalmos in patients with facial palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foda, H M

    1999-01-01

    A prospective before-and-after trial was designed to evaluate the role of upper-lid gold weight implantation and lower lid lateral canthoplasty in the management of patients with paralytic lagophthalmos. The study included 40 patients (age range 19 to 72, mean age 46.8), and gold weights varying from 0.6 to 1.6 g were implanted in all 40 patients. Lateral canthoplasty was performed in 14 of the patients who suffered from variable degrees of lower lid laxity. Mean follow-up period was 15.7 months (range 9 to 38). Complete correction of lagophthalmos and/or ectropion with resolution of preoperative symptoms was achieved in 37 of 40 patients (92.5%), and spontaneous extrusion of the gold weight occurred in only one patient (2.5%). Excellent results were achieved in the management of paralytic lagophthalmos with upper-lid gold weight insertion, and simultaneous lateral canthoplasty proved to be very helpful in patients with significant hypotonia of lower lid.

  10. Surgical management of parapharyngeal lymph node metastasis of thyroid carcinoma: a retrospective study of 25 patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiao-lei; XU Zhen-gang; WU Yue-huang; LIU Shao-yan; YU Yue

    2012-01-01

    Background Parapharyngeal lymph node (PPLN) metastasis from thyroid carcinoma is rare.We describe the clinical features,diagnosis,and surgical treatment of this condition.Methods Twenty-five patients with PPLN metastasis from thyroid carcinoma were treated at our institution from January 1999 to December 2010,including 22 patients with papillary carcinoma,two with medullary carcinoma,and one with follicular carcinoma.Of these,16 had a history of surgical treatment prior to PPLN metastasis.Of the nine patients without a history of surgical treatment,five had widespread cervical lymph node metastases and four had occult papillary thyroid carcinoma.PPLN metastasis was diagnosed by enhanced computed tomography in 22 cases.Results Resection of metastases was performed via a transcervical approach in 23 patients and a transmandibular approach in two patients.After a median follow-up time of 31 months (range:6-130 months),nine patients developed distant metastases,and six of these died of their disease.The 5-year survival rate was 63.8%.Conclusions PPLN metastasis from thyroid carcinoma may occur in patients:with previous neck dissection,with widespread metastases to cervical lymph nodes prior to initial treatment,and with occult thyroid carcinoma.Enhanced computed tomography is helpful for diagnosis in the first two presentations.Surgical resection remains the mainstay of treatment for this disease.PPLN metastasis has a tendency to be associated with distant metastases and a poor prognosis.

  11. Evaluating disparities in inpatient surgical cancer care among American Indian/Alaska Native patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simianu, Vlad V; Morris, Arden M; Varghese, Thomas K; Porter, Michael P; Henderson, Jeffrey A; Buchwald, Dedra S; Flum, David R; Javid, Sara H

    2016-08-01

    American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) patients with cancer have the lowest survival rates of all racial and ethnic groups, possibly because they are less likely to receive "best practice" surgical care than patients of other races. Prospective cohort study comparing adherence with generic and cancer-specific guidelines on processes of surgical care between AI/AN and non-Hispanic white (NHW) patients in Washington State (2010 to 2014) was conducted. A total of 156 AI/AN and 6,030 NHW patients underwent operations for 10 different cancers, and had similar mean adherence to generic surgical guidelines (91.5% vs 91.9%, P = .57). AI/AN patients with breast cancer less frequently received preoperative diagnostic core needle biopsy (81% vs 94%, P = .004). AI/AN patients also less frequently received care adherent to prostate cancer-specific guidelines (74% vs 92%, P = .001). Although AI/ANs undergoing cancer operations in Washington receive similar overall best practice surgical cancer care to NHW patients, there remain important, modifiable disparities that may contribute to their lower survival. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Surgical Craniotomy for Intracerebral Haemorrhage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendelow, A David

    2015-01-01

    Craniotomy is probably indicated for patients with superficial spontaneous lobar supratentorial intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) when the level of consciousness drops below 13 within the first 8 h of the onset of the haemorrhage. Once the level drops below 9, it is probably too late to consider craniotomy for these patients, so clinical vigilance is paramount. While this statement is only backed up by evidence that is moderately strong, meta-analysis of available data suggests that it is true in the rather limited number of patients with ICH. Meta-analyses like this can often predict the results of future prospective randomised controlled trials a decade or more before the trials are completed and published. Countless such examples exist in the literature, as is the case for thrombolysis in patients with myocardial infarction in the last millennium: meta-analysis determined the efficacy more than a decade BEFORE the last trial (ISIS-2) confirmed the benefit of thrombolysis for myocardial infarction. Careful examination of the meta-analysis' Forest plots in this chapter will demonstrate why this statement is made at the outset. Other meta-analyses of surgery for ICH have also indicated that minimal interventional techniques using topical thrombolysis or endoscopy via burrholes or even twist drill aspiration may be particularly successful for the treatment of supratentorial ICH, especially when the clot is deep seated. Ongoing clinical trials (CLEAR III and MISTIE III) should confirm this in the fullness of time. There are 2 exceptions to these generalisations. First, based on trial evidence, aneurysmal ICH is best treated with surgery. Second, cerebellar ICH represents a special case because of the development of hydrocephalus, which may require expeditious drainage as the intracranial pressure rises. The cerebellar clot will then require evacuation, usually via posterior fossa craniectomy, rather than craniotomy. Technical advances suggest that image-guided surgery

  13. Surgical Treatment in patients with impacted teeth in maxillofacial department Artemisa (1994-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Quintana Díaz

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the behavior of the dental retention in the patients with impacted teeth and surgically operated in the Maxillofacial Surgical Service at Ciro Redondo General and Educational Hospital during the period between 1994 to 2010. Materials and methods: A descriptive retrospective study. The universe of work was constituted by the 2.064 patients of both sexes surgically operated, for having impacted teeth, in the service and during the period between January of 1994 to December of 2010. Results: A total of 3.153 surgical interventions were performed. There was predominance of the female sex and of white-colored patients. The most affected age group was from 16 to 34 years old with a total of 1.521 patients both females and males constituting the 73,8% of the cases. Discussion: The most frequent indication of treatment was the pericoronaritis and the surgical removal was the treatment most utilized in the 90,5 % of the cases. 

  14. [Amebiasis. Surgical treatment in 1989].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigler Morales, L; Mier y Díaz, J; Melgoza Ortiz, C; Blanco Benavides, R; Medina González, E

    1989-01-01

    Even when the number of patients with invasive amebiasis has decreased, the internist and surgeon must be alert in case that the patient requires an operation. Amebic liver abscess is treated medically; percutaneous evacuation is rarely used and surgical drainage is made when there is not response to medical treatment or there is high risk of abscess rupture. Operation is mandatory when the abscess has ruptured to the abdominal cavity or through the pericardial sac. In fulminant colitis it is necessary to resect the diseased portion of the colon without primary anastomoses. Amebic apendicitis is difficult to diagnosis before an operation. It may be suspected in cases of apendicitis if the cecal wall is inflammed. Colon ameboma requires medical treatment except if it is associated with necrosis or perforation. In a four year period (1985-1988) 294 patients with diagnosis of invasive amebiasis were admitted to three hospitals of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Mexico City. 218 had hepatic abscess, 45 required surgical drainage with four deaths (9%) and four not operated patients died. In this series only four patients had their abscess drained percutaneously. 31 patients with amebic colitis were treated; three required colonic resection with one death. Ameboma was seen in five patients and there were 11 cases of amebic apendicitis. No deaths occurred in these last two groups.

  15. Prevalence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in non-surgical patients at hospital admission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawall, Holger; Hoffmanns, Wibke; Hoffmanns, Phillip; Rapp, Uli; Ames, Michael; Pira, Alessandro; Paar, W Dieter; Bramlage, Peter; Diehm, Curt

    2007-10-01

    Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is known as a common complication in surgical and non-surgical patients. We hypothesized that according to the underlying risk factors and the acute illness, the prevalence ofVTE in non-surgical patients admitted to hospital is widely underestimated. For three months each patient admitted to the department of internal medicine with an acute illness, but without known deep venous thrombosis (DVT) was investigated by ultrasound compression sonography. Patients' history, risk factors and extent of immobilisation were documented. In patients with newly detected DVT D-dimer and fibrinogen were measured as well as computer tomography scans performed. Follow-up investigations of the DVT population were performed at four weeks and three months. Six hundred seventeen patients (49.3% men) were included. In 16 patients (men = 7) a previously unknown thrombosis (2.6%) was detected, mainly in patients with acute cardio-pulmonary disease (56%) and the elderly (mean age 75.6 years). Eight patients had femoro-popliteal (50.0%), four a femoral (25.0%), and four a popliteal vein thrombosis (25.0%). Five had pulmonary embolism (31.3%). In patients with DVT D-dimer was 875 +/- 1,228 mg/l, fibrinogen 568 +/- 215 mg/dl and C-reactive-protein 58.54 +/- 73.65 mg/dl. One patient died from sepsis during hospitalisation, one died from sudden cardiac death at home. None of the other 14 surviving patients relapsed. The study shows a 2.6% risk for DVT in outpatients with acute illness admitted to the department of internal medicine. These data demonstrate the high risk of DVT is in non-surgical patients. Early prophylaxis has to be considered in internal medicine patients especially in the elderly.

  16. External Dacryocystorhinostomy: Characteristics and Surgical Outcomes in Patients with and without Previous Dacryocystitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilad Rabina

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To compare pre- and postoperative characteristics and surgical success rates of patients with and without previous episodes of dacryocystitis, who underwent external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR for nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO. Methods. The medical files of all patients who underwent external DCR between 2006 and 2011 in our institution were reviewed. The retrieved data of patients with and without previous episodes of dacryocystitis were compared. Surgical success was determined by postoperative followup of at least 6 months. Results. A total of 185 patients with NLDO underwent external DCR of whom 152 (100 females and 52 males, mean age 67 ± 15 years met the inclusion criteria. Sixty had previous episodes of dacryocystitis and 92 did not. Left-side obstruction was more common than right-side obstruction among patients with previous episodes of dacryocystitis (48.3% versus 31.7%, resp., P=0.031. Glaucoma patients were significantly more likely to develop dacryocystitis than patients without glaucoma (P=0.002. The success rate of external DCR was 94.4% for patients with previous episodes of dacryocystitis and 86.7% for patients without (P=0.337. Conclusions. The surgical outcomes of external DCR in patients with or without a previous episode of dacryocystitis were similar. Patients with glaucoma and NLDO had a significantly higher risk of developing dacryocystitis.

  17. Surgical management of maxillomandibular advancement in sleep apnea patients: specific technical considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilon, Y; Raskin, S; Heymans, O; Poirrier, R

    2001-01-01

    Maxillomandibular advancement is an integral part of the surgical treatment of patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea. A number of publications report its efficacy and have attempted to define predictive success criteria. However, few authors have shown an interest in the surgical specificity of this intervention and in the difficulties that can be encountered, which differ from those seen in conventional orthognathic surgery. In this article, a series of patients treated with maxillomandibular osteotomy to correct obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (n = 17) are compared with patients who underwent surgery for the correction of dentofacial disharmonies (n = 33). Observations emphasized the importance of respecting a strict surgical and postsurgical protocol to avoid any technical traps linked to maxillomandibular advancement, both in preoperative simulations and during and after surgery. Results concerning sleep parameters will be the subject of a future publication.

  18. Definition and scope of the surgical treatment in patients with pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. B. Ahmedov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Surgical treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer in lungs is a relatively new trend of modern oncology. In this connection, still there are no clearly formulated criteria for patient selection for this type of intervention, approaches to repeated resections and scope of the surgical operation in case of multiple lesions. Established key prognostic factors include lesion of intrathoracic lymph nodes, timing of the development of metastatic disease, baseline level of carcinoembryonic antigen, number of foci and the volume of metastatic lesion, stage of the disease. Options for surgical access include lateral thoracotomy, sternotomy, thoracoscopy and thoracoscopy combined with additional minithoracotomy.If a patient has a single peripheral metastatic lesions, physician should prefer thoracoscopic operations. One of their advantages include minimum development of adhesions and possibility of subsequent re-thoracoscopy. Resection of pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer (R0 resection rate allows to achieve persistent healing of the tumor process in a significant number of patients.

  19. Tracking surgical day care patients using RFID technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.S.G.L. Wauben; A.C.P. Guédon; D.F. de Korne (Dirk); J.J. van den Dobbelsteen (John)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ __Objective__: Measure wait times, characterise current information flow and define requirements for a technological information system that supports the patient’s journey. __Design__: First, patients were observed during eight random weekdays and the durations of act

  20. Tracking surgical day care patients using RFID technology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wauben, L.S.G.L; Guédon, A.C.P; Korne, Dirk; Dobbelsteen, John

    2015-01-01

    ... (RFID) technology was installed and patients were tracked during 52 weekdays. Length of hospital stay, length of stay and wait times per phase, and differences in wait times between the two types of administered anaesthesia were analysed...

  1. Risk factors in patients surgically treated for peptic ulcer perforation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Shah, Kamran; Bendix, Jørgen;

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The overall mortality for patients undergoing surgery for perforated peptic ulcer has increased despite improvements in perioperative monitoring and treatment. The objective of this study was to identify and describe perioperative risk factors in order to identify ways of optimizing...... the treatment and to improve the outcome of patients with perforated peptic ulcer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-eight patients undergoing emergency surgery in four university hospitals in Denmark were included in the study. Information regarding the pre-, intra- and postoperative phases were...... insufficiency upon admission and insufficient postoperative nutrition have been added to the list of independent risk factors for death within 30 days of surgery in patients with peptic ulcer perforation. Finding that shock upon admission, reduced albumin blood levels upon admission, renal insufficiency upon...

  2. Nutritional management of a complicated surgical patient by means ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    nutritional support to these patients and can replace the need for. PN support.3 ... laceration, a left kidney injury, multiple small bowel perforations and arterial bleeding. ... bowel disease, post-radiation therapy for malignancy or due to distal.

  3. Orthodontic and Orthognathic Surgical Treatment of a Pediatric OSA Patient

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    A case report is presented which demonstrates the effectiveness of comprehensive orthodontic treatment combined with orthognathic surgery in the correction of malocclusion and reduction in the sequelae of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). The patient's severe OSA was improved to very mild as evaluated by full overnight polysomnogram. The orthodontic treatment included the expansion of both dental arches and mandibular advancement surgery. There was significant improvement in the patient's sleep continuity and architecture with the elimination of obstructive apneas. PMID:27668098

  4. Surgical treatment of jaw osteonecrosis in "Krokodil" drug addicted patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poghosyan, Yuri M; Hakobyan, Koryun A; Poghosyan, Anna Yu; Avetisyan, Eduard K

    2014-12-01

    Retrospective study of jaw osteonecrosis treatment in patients using the "Krokodil" drug from 2009 to 2013. On the territory of the former USSR countries there is widespread use of a self-produced drug called "Krokodil". Codeine containing analgesics ("Sedalgin", "Pentalgin" etc), red phosphorus (from match boxes) and other easily acquired chemical components are used for synthesis of this drug, which used intravenously. Jaw osteonecrosis develops as a complication in patients who use "Krokodil". The main feature of this disease is jawbone exposure in the oral cavity. Surgery is the main method for the treatment of jaw osteonecrosis in patients using "Krokodil". 40 "Krokodil" drug addict patients with jaw osteonecrosis were treated. Involvement of maxilla was found in 11 patients (27.5%), mandible in 21 (52.5%), both jaws in 8 (20%) patients. 35 Lesions were found in 29 mandibles and 21 lesions in 19 maxillas. Main factors of treatment success are: cessation of "Krokodil" use in the pre- (minimum 1 month) and postoperative period and osteonecrosis area resection of a minimum of 0.5 cm beyond the visible borders of osteonecrosis towards the healthy tissues. Surgery was not delayed until sequestrum formation. In the mandible marginal or segmental resection (with or without TMJ exarticulation) was performed. After surgery recurrence of disease was seen in 8 (23%) cases in the mandible, with no cases of recurrence in the maxilla. According to our experience in this case series, surgery is the main method for the treatment of jaw osteonecrosis in patients using "Krokodil". Cessation of drug use and jaw resection minimize the rate of recurrences in such patients.

  5. [Surgical therapy and critical care medicine in severely burned patients - Part 1: the first 24 ours].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dembinski, Rolf; Kauczok, Jens; Deisz, Robert; Pallua, Norbert; Marx, Gernot

    2012-09-01

    Critical care medicine in severely burned patients should be adapted to the different pathophysiological phases. Accordingly, surgical and non-surgical therapy must be coordinated adequately. Initial wound care comprises topical treatment of less severely injured skin and surgical debridement of severely burned areas. The first 24 hours of intensive care are focused on calculated fluid delivery to provide stable hemodynamics and avoid progression of local edema formation. In the further course wound treatment with split-thickness skin grafts is the major aim of surgical therapy. Critical care is focused on the avoidance of complications like infections and ventilator associated lung injury. Therefore, lung-protective ventilation strategies, weaning and sedation protocols, and early enteral nutrition are important cornerstones of the treatment.

  6. The assessment and management of older cancer patients : A SIOG surgical task force survey on surgeons' attitudes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ghignone, F; van Leeuwen, B. L.; Montroni, I; Huisman, M G; Somasundar, P; Cheung, K L; Audisio, R A; Ugolini, G

    Aim: The Surgical Task Force at SIOG (International Society of Geriatric Oncology) designed this survey to explore the surgical oncologists' approach toward elderly cancer patients. Methods: A web-based survey was sent to all members of ESSO (European Society of Surgical Oncology) and SSO (Society

  7. Conservative Surgical Treatment of Infected Ulceration of the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint With Osteomyelitis in Diabetic Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalla Paola, Luca; Carone, Anna; Morisi, Claudio; Cardillo, Sara; Pattavina, Marco

    2015-01-01

    Ulceration of the plantar aspect of the first metatarsophalangeal joint is a common localization in the diabetic foot. Conservative treatment of this lesion is a challenging problem, performed through the soft tissues and osseous debridement. The present study included a cohort of 28 patients affected by diabetes mellitus and a first ray lesion penetrating the bone. After surgical debridement with removal of the infected bone, we positioned antibiotic-loaded bone cement and stabilized the treated area with an external fixator. All patients with critical limb ischemia had their vascular disease treated before the procedure. The mean follow-up was 12.2 ± 6.9 months. Four patients developed a relapse of the ulceration after the procedure. In the postoperative period, 1 patient (3.57%) developed dehiscence of the surgical site and underwent a second procedure. In the follow-up period, 2 patients (7.14%) experienced bone cement dislocation. In 1 of these patients, a new ulceration was observed dorsally to the surgical site. The approach was surgical revision with bone cement replacement and stabilization with a new external fixator. In the other patient, given the absence of ulcerations, the cement was removed, and arthrodesis with internal stabilization using 2 cannulated screws was performed. One patient (3.57%), who had developed a relapse of ulceration after recurrent critical ischemia, underwent a percutaneous revascularization procedure and transmetatarsal amputation. During the follow-up period, no ulceration recurrences, transfer ulcerations, shoe fit problems, or gait abnormalities were detected in the other 24 patients. Our study presents the results of a technique requiring a 1-stage surgical approach to a relatively common problem, which is often difficult to solve.

  8. Morbidity and mortality among patients with hip fractures surgically repaired within and after 48 hours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sircar, Padmini; Godkar, Darshan; Mahgerefteh, Shmuel; Chambers, Karinn; Niranjan, Selva; Cucco, Robert

    2007-01-01

    The objectives were (1) to compare the morbidity and mortality of patients with hip fractures surgically repaired within and after 48 hours of the occurrence of fracture and (2) to establish whether timing of repair alone had a major role in determining how the patients fared after the surgical repair or whether comorbidities also affected outcomes. The study involved the medical records of 49 patients (aged 51 to 99 years) admitted to Coney Island Hospital between January 2003 and January 2004 with a primary diagnosis of hip fracture who underwent surgical repair. Analysis of data was done by retrospective chart review of patients admitted with the diagnosis of hip fracture to an acute care hospital setting. Follow-up continued until the patients were transferred to a rehabilitation facility for physical or occupational therapy after surgery. The preoperative health status of each patient was assessed by cardiopulmonary risk index score, based on comorbid conditions, and postoperative outcome was determined by complications (such as bed sores, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, deep vein thrombosis, or pulmonary embolism) or death. Patients who underwent early surgical repair (within 48 hours) had fewer postoperative complications (14.7%, as compared with 33.3% in the group undergoing surgery >48 hours after fracture). CPRI scores in the early and delayed surgery groups were also compared with regard to postoperative mortality and morbidity. It appeared that there was a higher statistical correlation between CPRI scores and complications among patients in the early surgery group (P=0.39) and an insignificant correlation among patients in the delayed surgery group (P=0.07). Surgical repair of hip fractures within the first 48 hours was associated with better health outcomes in a nationally representative sample, as observed in an acute care facility, irrespective of comorbid conditions.

  9. Postoperative adverse outcomes in intellectually disabled surgical patients: a nationwide population-based study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jui-An Lin

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Intellectually disabled patients have various comorbidities, but their risks of adverse surgical outcomes have not been examined. This study assesses pre-existing comorbidities, adjusted risks of postoperative major morbidities and mortality in intellectually disabled surgical patients. METHODS: A nationwide population-based study was conducted in patients who underwent inpatient major surgery in Taiwan between 2004 and 2007. Four controls for each patient were randomly selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database. Preoperative major comorbidities, postoperative major complications and 30-day in-hospital mortality were compared between patients with and without intellectual disability. Use of medical services also was analyzed. Adjusted odds ratios using multivariate logistic regression analyses with 95% confidence intervals were applied to verify intellectual disability's impact. RESULTS: Controls were compared with 3983 surgical patients with intellectual disability. Risks for postoperative major complications were increased in patients with intellectual disability, including acute renal failure (odds ratio 3.81, 95% confidence interval 2.28 to 6.37, pneumonia (odds ratio 2.01, 1.61 to 2.49, postoperative bleeding (odds ratio 1.35, 1.09 to 1.68 and septicemia (odds ratio 2.43, 1.85 to 3.21 without significant differences in overall mortality. Disability severity was positively correlated with postoperative septicemia risk. Medical service use was also significantly higher in surgical patients with intellectual disability. CONCLUSION: Intellectual disability significantly increases the risk of overall major complications after major surgery. Our findings show a need for integrated and revised protocols for postoperative management to improve care for intellectually disabled surgical patients.

  10. Hospitalist Co-management of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgical Patients at a Community Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dua, Karan; McAvoy, William C; Klaus, Sybil A; Rappaport, David I; Rosenberg, Rebecca E; Abzug, Joshua M

    2016-01-01

    The benefits of hospitalist co-management of pediatric surgical patients include bettering patient safety, decreasing negative patient outcomes, providing comprehensive medical care, and establishing a dedicated resource to patients for postoperative care. The purpose of this study was to characterize the nature of patients co-managed by a pediatric hospitalist. The authors hypothesize that hospitalist co-management is safe and efficacious in pediatric orthopaedic surgical patients who are admitted to a community hospital. A retrospective review was performed of all pediatric orthopaedic surgical patients admitted to a community hospital who were co-managed by a pediatric hospitalist. Indications for hospitalization included pain control, antibiotic infusion, and need for neurovascular monitoring. Parameters of postoperative care and co-management were assessed, including presence of complications, medication introduction or adjustment by the hospitalist, follow-up adherence, and readmission/complication rates after discharge. Thirty-two patients were assessed with an average age of 8.8 years. Twenty-five percent of patients had an associated comorbidity, including asthma, attention deficit disorder, and/or autism. The pediatric hospitalist added pain medication to the original postoperative orders placed by the orthopaedics team in 44 percent of patients (14 of the 32) either for breakthrough pain or better long-term coverage. Additionally, 25 percent of patients had pain medication adjusted from the original dosing and schedule. The hospitalist team contacted the surgeon about the four patients (12.5 percent). In three of the cases, the surgeon was contacted to discuss pain medication, and one patient woke up agitated from anesthesia, necessitating a visit from the surgeon on the pediatrics floor. The length of stay was one day for all patients. The hospitalists rounded on and discharged patients the subsequent morning. All patients were given a follow

  11. Surgical Treatment of Patients with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome Phenotype

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shi-Yong Liu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS is a devastating and refractory generalized epilepsy affecting children and adolescents. In this study we report the results of resective surgery in 18 patients with LGS phenotype who underwent single-lobe/lesionectomy or multilobe resection plus multiple subpial transection and/or callosotomy. After surgery, seven patients became completely seizure-free (Engel Class I and five almost seizure-free (Engel Class II. Additional four had significant seizure control (Engel Class III, and two had no change in seizure frequency (Engel Class IV. Of the 4 patients without any lesion on brain MRI, 2 ended with Engel Class II, 1 with III and the other with IV in Engels’ classification. Mean intelligence quotient (IQ increased from 56.1 ± 8.1 (mean ± SD before operation to 67.4 ± 8.2 (mean ± SD after operation, a significant improvement (P=0.001. Results also indicated that the younger the patient at surgery, or the shorter the interval between onset of seizure and resective operation, the better the intellectual outcome. Our data suggest that resective epilepsy surgery can be successful in patients with LGS phenotype as long as the EEG shows dominance of discharges in one hemisphere and corresponding ipsilateral imaging findings, even with contralateral ictal discharges.

  12. Outcome and Complications in Surgical Treatment of Lumbar Stenosis or Spondylolisthesis in Geriatric Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jin-Young; Moon, Seong-Hwan; Suh, Bo-Kyung; Yang, Myung Ho; Park, Moon Soo

    2015-09-01

    Development of anesthesiology and improvement of surgical instruments enabled aggressive surgical treatment even in elderly patients, who require more active physical activities than they were in the past. However, there are controversies about the clinical outcome of spinal surgery in elderly patients with spinal stenosis or spondylolisthesis. The purpose of this study is to review the clinical outcome of spinal surgery in elderly patients with spinal stenosis or spondylolisthesis. MEDLINE search on English-language articles was performed. There were 39685 articles from 1967 to 2013 regarding spinal disease, among which 70 dealt with geriatric lumbar surgery. Eighteen out of 70 articles dealt with geriatric lumbar surgery under the diagnosis of spinal stenosis or spondylolisthesis. One was non-randomized prospective, and other seventeen reports were retrospective. One non-randomized prospective and twelve out of seventeen retrospective studies showed that old ages did not affect the clinical outcomes. One non-randomized prospective and ten of seventeen retrospective studies elucidated postoperative complications: some reports showed that postoperative complications increased in elderly patients, whereas the other reports showed that they did not increase. Nevertheless, most complications were minor. There were two retrospective studies regarding the mortality. Mortality which was unrelated to surgical procedure increased, but surgical procedure-related mortality did not increase. Surgery as a treatment option in the elderly patients with the spinal stenosis or spondylolisthesis may be reasonable. However, there is insufficient evidence to make strong recommendations regarding spinal surgery for geriatric patients with spinal stenosis and spondylolisthesis.

  13. Functional assessment of patients with cervical myelopathy who underwent surgical treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Pereira Coutinho

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Evaluate and correlate the functional response of patients with cervical myelopathy with the current clinical scores in patients who underwent surgical treatment. METHODS: We analyzed medical records of 34 patients with cervical myelopathy who underwent four different types of surgery. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively with the application of the JOA and Nurick questionnaires. RESULTS: Functional clinical improvement was statistically significant. The mean preoperative JOA was 8.5 ± 3.06 and 10.7 ± 3.9 in the postoperative; Nurick was 3.2 ± 1.1 preoperatively and 2.8 ± 1.3 postoperatively. CONCLUSION: There is benefit with the surgical procedure in patients with cervical myelopathy. The neurological function after surgery depends on the previous function (the higher the duration of the previous symptoms, the greater the progression of the disease and, therefore, worse the neurological function and the age is not a relevant factor of improvement, as already shown in other series. The clinical functional improvement of patients is visible with surgical treatment, regardless of surgical technique.

  14. Surgical treatment of iliotibial band friction syndrome. A retrospective study of 45 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drogset, J O; Rossvoll, I; Grøntvedt, T

    1999-10-01

    Iliotibial band friction syndrome is an overuse injury mainly affecting runners, but also other athletes. The treatment of choice is conservative. If this treatment is unsuccessful, surgical treatment can be performed. The posterior half of the iliotibial band is transsected where it passes over the lateral epicondyle of the femur. Optionally the underlying bursa is removed. Between 1989 and 1996 45 patients were operated in Trondheim. The mean age was 27 (14-46) years. Of the patients, 22 (48.9%) had excellent results, 16 (35.5%) had good results, 6 (13.3%) had fair results and 1 (2.2%) patient had a poor result. One patient had a minor postoperative infection. Had the postoperative result been known beforehand, 75.6% of the patients would have been operated on again. We conclude that surgical treatment of iliotibial band friction syndrome produces good results in patients with insufficient relief of symptoms after conservative treatment.

  15. Therapeutic application of inhaled nitric oxide in adult cardiac surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makker, Robina; Mehta, Yatin; Trehan, Naresh; Bapna, Rk

    2006-01-01

    Increased pulmonary vascular resistance can be detrimental to the cardiac output in post-operative cardiac surgical patients. Pulmonary vasodilator therapy by systemic pharmacologic agents is non-selective. Inhaled nitric oxide is a selective pulmonary vasodilator and does not cause systemic hypotension. In this prospective study, 14 adult post-operative cardiac surgical patients with pulmonary hypertension underwent inhaled nitric oxide therapy and their hemodynamic changes were evaluated. Inhaled nitric oxide was administered in doses of 5 ppm-25 ppm. The result was a decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance from 456.57 +/- 137.13 to 357.64 +/- 119.80 dynes-sec- Continued. - See Free Full Text.

  16. Pre: Surgical orthopedic pre-maxillary alignment in bilateral cleft lip and palate patient

    OpenAIRE

    Vijaya Prasad Kamavaram Ellore; Naveen Kumar Ramagoni; Mahantesha Taranatha; Asha Nara; Gururaj Gunjalli; Ashwin Devasya Bhat

    2012-01-01

    Pre-surgical orthopedic appliances are mainly used to retract and align the protruded and deviated pre-maxilla and to facilitate initial lip repair. This article presents a case report of a five year old male child patient with bilateral cleft lip and palate in whom a special custom made pre-surgical orthopedic appliance was delivered. Use of a special custom made presurgical orthopedic appliance for repositioning pre-maxilla in bilateral cleft lip and palate patient is discussed in this arti...

  17. Pre: Surgical orthopedic pre-maxillary alignment in bilateral cleft lip and palate patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijaya Prasad Kamavaram Ellore

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Pre-surgical orthopedic appliances are mainly used to retract and align the protruded and deviated pre-maxilla and to facilitate initial lip repair. This article presents a case report of a five year old male child patient with bilateral cleft lip and palate in whom a special custom made pre-surgical orthopedic appliance was delivered. Use of a special custom made presurgical orthopedic appliance for repositioning pre-maxilla in bilateral cleft lip and palate patient is discussed in this article.

  18. [Evacuation plan of an intensive care unit: a new quality indicator?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Palacios, M; Lorenzo Torrent, R; Santana-Cabrera, L; Martín García, J A; Campos, S G; Carrasco de Miguel, V

    2010-04-01

    The intensive care units must be prepared for a possible disaster, whether internal or external, in case it becomes necessary to evacuate the in-patients. They must have an Emergency and Self-protection Plan that includes the patient evacuation criteria and this must be known by all the personnel who work in the service. For that reason, the patients must be triaged, based on their attention priorities, according to their survival possibilities. Having an evacuation, known by all the personnel and updated by means of the performance of periodic drills, should be included as a quality indicator that must be met, since this would achieve better attention to the patient in case of a disaster situation requiring the evacuation of the ICU.

  19. Surgical management for early-stage bilateral breast cancer patients in China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia-jian Chen

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the current surgical management strategy for bilateral breast cancer (BBC patients and to assess the changes in this strategy in China.This is a retrospective review of all patients with early-stage BBC who underwent surgical treatment at the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center between June 2007 and June 2014.A total of 15,337 patients with primary breast cancer were identified. Of these patients, 218 (1.5% suffered from synchronous bilateral breast cancer (sBBC, and 296 (2.0% suffered from metachronous bilateral breast cancer (mBBC. Patients with a lobular carcinoma component, those with estrogen receptor-positive cancer, and those with an accompanying sclerosing adenosis in the affected breast tended to develop BBC. The rates of bilateral mastectomy, breast conserving therapy, reconstruction, and combined surgeries were 86.2%, 6.4%, 3.7%, and 3.7%, respectively, for patients with sBBC and 81.1%, 4.4%, 3.0%, and 11.5%, respectively, for patients with mBBC. The interval between bilateral cancers, age at first diagnosis of breast cancer, histopathological type, and stage have significant impacts on the choice of surgery for patients with BBC.Bilateral mastectomy was the dominant surgical management for patients with BBC in China, despite the increased application of breast reconstruction surgery observed in recent years. Bilateral prosthetic breast reconstruction was the ideal choice for patients with sBBC. Chinese surgeons should take responsibility for patient education and inform their patients about their surgical options.

  20. Analysis of the readability of patient education materials from surgical subspecialties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansberry, David R; Agarwal, Nitin; Shah, Ravi; Schmitt, Paul J; Baredes, Soly; Setzen, Michael; Carmel, Peter W; Prestigiacomo, Charles J; Liu, James K; Eloy, Jean Anderson

    2014-02-01

    Patients are increasingly using the Internet as a source of information on medical conditions. Because the average American adult reads at a 7th- to 8th-grade level, the National Institutes of Health recommend that patient education material be written between a 4th- and 6th-grade level. In this study, we assess and compare the readability of patient education materials on major surgical subspecialty Web sites relative to otolaryngology. Descriptive and correlational design. Patient education materials from 14 major surgical subspecialty Web sites (American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, American Association of Endocrine Surgeons, American Society of General Surgeons, American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, American Association of Neurological Surgeons, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, American Pediatric Surgical Association, American Society of Plastic Surgeons, Society for Thoracic Surgeons, and American Urological Association) were downloaded and assessed for their level of readability using 10 widely accepted readability scales. The readability level of patient education material from all surgical subspecialties was uniformly too high. Average readability levels across all subspecialties ranged from the 10th- to 15th-grade level. Otolaryngology and other surgical subspecialties Web sites have patient education material written at an education level that the average American may not be able to understand. To reach a broader population of patients, it might be necessary to rewrite patient education material at a more appropriate level. N/A. © 2013 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  1. Comparison of clinical results of pharmaceutical and surgical therapy in patients with severe chronic heart failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kotsoeva О.Т.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the presented paper is a meta-analysis of clinical studies on the comparative effectiveness of pharmaceutical therapy and surgical treatment such as cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT, cardiac resynchronization therapy with cardioversion-defibrillation (CRT-D, circulatory support system and heart transplantation in patients with severe chronic heart failure (CHF. Material and Methods. Results of 41 clinical studies (29799 patients with severe CHF were included in a meta-analysis. Data search was conducted in the following databases: Medline, Medscape, Pubmed, and websites dedicated to clinical research (National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center, ClinicalStudyResults.org, ClinicalTrials.gov. Results. As compared with pharmaceutical therapy, surgical treatment of severe CHF is better to reduce fatal risk, incidence of decompensation of CHF, frequency of cardiac arrhythmias, the need to perform or re-perform heart transplantation. It is also shown that CRT better reduced the mortality from progression of heart failure than heart transplantation. Both pharmaceutical therapy and surgical treatment improved functional class of CHF and quality of patients' life, but does not affect the left ventricular ejection fraction. Conclusion. It was found out that there was a number of significant advantages of surgical treatment of severe CHF, compared with pharmaceutical therapy. However, it is still a number of unresolved issues (particularly in relation to heart transplantation on the effectiveness comparing pharmaceutical and surgical therapies of severe CHF

  2. Patient recall 6 weeks after surgical consent for midurethral sling using mesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFadden, Brook L.; Hammil, Sarah L.; Constantine, Melissa L.; Tarr, Megan E.; Kenton, Kimberly S.; Abed, Husam T.; Sung, Vivian W.; Rogers, Rebecca G.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction and hypothesis We aimed to determine patient recall of specific surgical risks and benefits discussed during consent for midurethral sling (MUS) surgery immediately after consent and at 6 weeks follow-up. Specifically we sought to determine whether or not women recalled specific risks related to the placement of mesh. Methods Surgeons consented patients for MUS in their usual fashion during audio recorded consent sessions. After consent and again at 6 weeks postoperatively, women completed a checklist of risks, benefits, alternatives, and general procedural items covered during consent. In addition, women completed the Decision Regret Scale for Pelvic Floor Disorders (DRS-PFD). Audio files were used to verify specific risks, benefits, alternatives, and procedural items discussed at consent. Recall of specific risks, benefits, and alternatives were correlated with DRS-PFD scores. Results Sixty-three women completed checklists immediately post consent and at 6 weeks postoperatively. Six-week recall of benefits, alternatives, and description of the operation did not change. Surgical risk recall as measured by the patient checklist deteriorated from 92 % immediately post consent to 72 % at 6 weeks postoperatively (p surgical risk recall and surgical complications (r =.31, p = .02). Conclusions Recall of MUS surgery risks deteriorated overtime. Specifically, women forgot that mesh was placed or might erode. Further investigations into methods and measures of adequate consent that promote recall of long-term surgical risks are needed. PMID:23818127

  3. Multimodal approach to blood conservation in the surgical patient

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-06-14

    Jun 14, 2014 ... Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice • May-Jun 2015 • Vol 18 • Issue 3 ... of strategies best suited for each individual patient will remarkably reduce the exposure of ... of noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP), heart rate (HR) and.

  4. Malnutrition in hospitalised patients; a real concern in surgical outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandrashekhar C. Mahakalkar

    2014-02-01

    Conclusions: The change in various parameter of nutritional status was observed in hospitalized patients. The treatment should be aimed at treating specific disorders along with nutritional correction. It is recommended to have dietary plans at the time of admission in consultation with the dietician. [Int J Res Med Sci 2014; 2(1.000: 250-257

  5. Patients' Opinions about Polish Surgeons and Surgical Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olakowski, Marek; Hładoń, Aleksandra; Seweryn, Mariusz; Ciosek, Jakub; Świątkiewicz, Wojciech

    2016-10-01

    In Polish society Stereotypes about the surgeons are deeply rooted, which could really affect their relationship with the patient and the entire treatment process. The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of an opinion survey on the image of the surgeon and operative treatment.

  6. A comparison of androgen deprivation therapy versus surgical castration for patients with advanced prostatic carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu-hsiang LIN; Chien-lun CHEN; Chen-pang HOU; Phei-lang CHANG; Ke-hung TSUI

    2011-01-01

    Airn:To examine the outcomes of patients with advanced prostate carcinoma who underwent medical or surgical castration.Methods:A hundred twenty one consecutive cases of patients with advanced prostate carcinoma who underwent medicaI or surgical castration between 2001 and 2006 were retrospectively reviewed.Associations between clinicaI outcomes and prognostic scoring factors were determined based on the Reijke study.In the surgical and medical castration groups.the impact on the prostate-specific antigen(PSA)normalization rate,the rebound rate and the disease-free survivaI rate were evaluated.The mean foIlow-up was 36.1months.Results:In the initial 12 months.there were no statisticaI differences in the PSA normalization rate and the PSA rebound rate between the two groups.However,the PSA rebound rate after the 12th month(20.90%vs 40.74%.P=-0.0175)and the 18th month PSA normalization rate(59.70%vs 37.04%.P=0.0217)differed significantly between the two groups,and these differences were maintained to the end of the study.When comparing patients grouped according to Reijke prognosis scores.there was no difference between medical and surgical castration for the good prognosis group.However, among the patients given a poor prognosis,surgical castration was superior in terms of the PSA normalization rate,the PSA rebound rate.the tumor progression-free survival rate(P<0.001)and the overalI survivaI rate (P<0.001).Conclusion:Advanced prostate carcinoma patients with poor pretreatment prognosis scores should undergo surgical castration rather than medical castration for better PSA rebound rates and overaII survival.

  7. Model-based Optimal Evacuation Planning anticipating Traveler Compliance Behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pel, A.J.; Huibregtse, O.L.; Hoogendoorn, S.P.; Bliemer, M.C.J.

    2010-01-01

    Instructing evacuees on their departure time, destination, and route can lead to more efficient evacuation traffic operations. While current evacuation plan optimization techniques are limited to assessing mandatory evacuation where travelers strictly follow the instructions, in reality a share of

  8. Modelling Traveller Behaviour under Emergency Evacuation Conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pel, A.J.; Bliemer, M.C.J.; Hoogendoorn, S.P.

    2011-01-01

    Dynamic traffic simulation models are frequently used to support decisions when planning an evacuation. This paper focuses on limitations in the modelling of travellers’ behaviour with respect to traffic information and compliance to evacuation instructions. More specifically, we propose a model fra

  9. Nutritional requirements of surgical and critically-ill patients: do we really know what they need?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Clare L

    2004-08-01

    Malnutrition remains a problem in surgical and critically-ill patients. In surgical patients the incidence of malnutrition ranges from 9 to 44%. Despite this variability there is a consensus that malnutrition worsens during hospital stay. In the intensive care unit (ICU), 43% of the patients are malnourished. Although poor nutrition during hospitalisation may be attributable to many factors, not least inadequacies in hospital catering services, there must also be the question of whether those patients who receive nutritional support are being fed appropriately. Indirect calorimetry is the 'gold standard' for determining an individual's energy requirements, but limited time and financial resources preclude the use of this method in everyday clinical practice. Studies in surgical and ICU patient populations have been reviewed to determine the 'optimal' energy and protein requirements of these patients. There are only a small number of studies that have attempted to measure energy requirements in the various surgical patient groups. Uncomplicated surgery has been associated with energy requirements of 1.0-1.15 x BMR whilst complicated surgery requires 1.25-1.4 x BMR in order to meet the patient's needs. Identifying the optimal requirements of ICU patients is far more difficult because of the heterogeneous nature of this population. In general, 5.6 kJ (25 kcal)/kg per d is an acceptable and achievable target intake, but patients with sepsis or trauma may require almost twice as much energy during the acute phase of their illness. The implications of failing to meet and exceeding the requirements of critically-ill patients are also reviewed.

  10. [Diagnostic significance and therapeutic consequences of computerized tomography (patient outcome research). II: General surgical diagnosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidajat, N; Schröder, R J; Vogl, T; Neuhaus, P; Schedel, H; Felix, R

    1995-03-01

    Computed tomography is one of the indispensable diagnostic methods in the treatment of many surgical patients. On the other hand, the high cost of equipment and effort and the expensive examination must be taken into account. For the purposes of a patient-outcome study all CT examinations of surgical patients performed in March to May 1993 were analysed under medical and economic aspects. 49% of the 210 examinations (153 patients) were primary examinations, 51% served as control examinations. In 61% the diagnosis was already known, but additional information with decisive influence on the further treatment was obtained. In 17% the supposed diagnosis could be verified and in 22% it was rejected. In 170 examinations (81%) the necessity of an operation was the question. 53% of all CT examinations revealed that indication for an operation was absent, and in 28% an operative intervention was performed. The CT examination of surgical patients cannot be substituted by lower-cost methods. The use of an efficient planning of the therapeutic procedures, shortcutting of many other diagnostic examinations, and the avoidance of unnecessary surgical interventions result in shortening the duration of treatment and are instrumental in reducing the total treatment cost.

  11. Chronobiology, cognitive function and depressive symptoms in surgical patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Melissa Voigt

    2014-01-01

    in this limited population. With regard to safety in our study, melatonin treatment for three months did not cause any serious adverse effects. Finally, we systematically reviewed the literature on the prophylactic or therapeutic effect of melatonin for depression or depressive symptoms in adult patients...... disorders, such as anxiety and depression, are common problems arising around the time of surgery or in the course of a cancer diagnosis and subsequent treatment period. The importance of investigating prevention or treatment possibilities in these populations is significant due to the extent...... investigated the effect of 6 mg oral melatonin on depressive symptoms, anxiety, sleep, cognitive function and fatigue in patients with breast cancer in a three month time period after surgery. Melatonin had an effect on reducing the risk of developing depressive symptoms and also increased sleep efficiency...

  12. Preoperative anxiety in surgical patients - experience of a single unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthias, Anne Thushara; Samarasekera, Dharmanbandhu Nandadeva

    2012-03-01

    Preoperative anxiety has a significant effect on the outcome of anesthesia and surgery. At present, there is no published data on the preoperative anxiety levels in Sri Lankan patients. In the West, several validated questionnaires such as The Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS) and State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) are used. To measure the preoperative anxiety levels in patients using APAIS and to analyze the factors affecting anxiety and the role played by the anesthetist in allaying anxiety. One hundred patients scheduled for elective surgery were prospectively studied using the APAIS. The internal consistency was checked using Cronbach's alpha. The ages varied 25 to 72 years (mean=48.7 years, SD=13.6). Reliability of the APAIS was high; Cronbach's alpha=0.864 in the overall component and 0.84, 0.73 and 0.97 in the anxiety related to surgery, anesthesia and in the information desire components, respectively. Females were more anxious than males (p=0.02) and those who had never sustained surgery were more anxious than those who previously had surgery (p=0.05). An anesthetist's visit and premedication reduced total anxiety scores (Z=-3.07, p=0.002) and anesthesia related anxiety scores (Z=-3.45, p=0.001). The prevalence of anxiety is high among Sri Lankan patients. Females are more anxious than males and those who have never had surgery are more anxious than those who have had surgery. The anesthetist's visit could reduce anxiety. Sinhala version of the APAIS is highly reliable in assessing the preoperative anxiety levels. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  13. Perception of night-time sleep by surgical patients in an intensive care unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolás, Ana; Aizpitarte, Eva; Iruarrizaga, Angélica; Vázquez, Mónica; Margall, Angeles; Asiain, Carmen

    2008-01-01

    The night-time sleep of patients hospitalized in intensive care is a very important feature within the health or disease process, as it has a direct repercussion on their adequate recovery. (1) To describe how surgical patients perceive their sleep in the intensive care unit; (2) to compare the subjective perception of patients with the nursing records and analyse these for the degree of agreement. Descriptive research. One hundred and four surgical patients were recruited to the study. Patients completed the Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire, a five-item visual analogue scale, to subjectively measure their perceived level of sleep (range 0-100 mm). The observation of patient sleep by nurses, demographic data, nursing care during the night and use of specific pharmacological treatments were also collected from the nursing records. The total mean score of sleep on the first post-operative night was 51.42 mm, 28% of patients had a good sleep, 46% a regular sleep and 26% a bad sleep. The sleep profile of these patients has been characterized by the patients having a light sleep, with frequent awakening and generally little difficulty to go back to sleep after the awakenings. The agreement between the nurses' perceptions of patients' sleep and the patients' perception of their sleep was tested by means of one-factor analysis of variance (p nurse-patient perception, we obtained 44% of total agreement and 56% of disagreement. When discrepancy was found, the nurse generally overestimated the patients' perception. Surgical patients' perceptions of their sleep in the ICU suggest that this is inadequate. Nurses' perceptions of patients' sleep partially coincides with the latter's perception, but we have also found that the former frequently overestimate patients' sleep.

  14. A review of rapid prototyped surgical guides for patient-specific total knee replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, S P; Dawood, A; Richards, R; Henckel, J; Hart, A J

    2012-11-01

    Improvements in the surgical technique of total knee replacement (TKR) are continually being sought. There has recently been interest in three-dimensional (3D) pre-operative planning using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and CT. The 3D images are increasingly used for the production of patient-specific models, surgical guides and custom-made implants for TKR. The users of patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) claim that they allow the optimum balance of technology and conventional surgery by reducing the complexity of conventional alignment and sizing tools. In this way the advantages of accuracy and precision claimed by computer navigation techniques are achieved without the disadvantages of additional intra-operative inventory, new skills or surgical time. This review describes the terminology used in this area and debates the advantages and disadvantages of PSI.

  15. [Influence of obesity on short-term surgical outcome in patients with gastric cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shi-kuan; Zhou, Yan-bing; Zhou, Cheng-fu; Wang, Pei-ge; Wang, Hai-bo; Mao, Wei-zheng; Wang, Zhen-guang

    2010-02-01

    To explore the influence of obesity on surgical procedure and short-term surgical outcome in patients with gastric carcinoma. A total of 426 patients with gastric carcinoma underwent laparotomy in our hospital during January 2006 and June 2008. All the patients were divided into obesity group and non-obesity group according to body mass index (BMI). The thickness of subcutaneous fat (SCF), abdominal anterior-posterior diameter (APD) and transverse diameter (TD) at the umbilicus level were measured by abdominal CT. Furthermore, the surgical data and postoperative conditions including short-term outcome were reviewed and compared between two groups. The incidence of obesity was 29.8% in gastric carcinoma patients. Mean values of SCF thickness, APD and TD in obesity group and non-obesity group were (21.8+/-7.1) mm vs (14.4+/-7.5) mm, (223.2+/-24.6) mm vs (181.8+/-23.5) mm and (323.6+/-23.8) mm vs (285.8+/-24.4) mm (P=0.000). Longer operative time (P=0.007) and less amount of dissected lymph nodes were found in obesity group as compared to non-obesity group (P=0.000). Also, obesity group lasted a longer postoperative period of fever (P=0.000) and experienced more post-operative complications (P=0.005) than non-obesity group did. Abdominal CT scan may display the abdominal shape of gastric carcinoma patients, hence, it is useful to evaluate the difficulty of surgical procedure. These patients may involve in complicated surgical procedure and worse short-term outcome due to obese abdominal shape. Therefore, perioperative management should be emphasized for these patients.

  16. Diagnosis and surgical treatment of pancreatic endocrine tumors in 36 patients: a single-center report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Hong; ZHANG Su-zhan; WU Yu-lian; FANG He-qing; LI Jiang-tao; SHENG Hong-wei; WANG Yong

    2007-01-01

    Background Pancreatic endocrine tumors (PETs) are rare and their surgical treatment is often debated. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze the diagnosis and surgical strategy of functioning and non-functioning PETs.Methods From May 1980 to March 2006, 36 patients with pancreatic endocrine tumors at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University were retrospectively studied.Results Among the 36 patients, 29 (81%) had functioning tumors, and 7 (19%) had nonfunctioning tumors. Ninety-two percent of insulinomas were benign, whereas 4 (57%) of nonfunctioning PETs were malignant. The size of functioning tumors was (2.3±0.3) cm, that of nonfunctioning tumors was less than (5.1±0.5) cm. The combination CT and transabdominal ultrasonography resulted in a diagnostic sensitivity of 84%. Thirty-three primary lesions were precisely located in 32 patients (89%). Atypical tumor resection was performed for 73% of functioning tumors, while typical pancreatectomy was performed for 6 (85%) of nonfunctioning tumors. Moreover, 5 liver resections and 1 lymph node dissection were performed. During the follow-up, fifteen complications occurred in 12 (36%) patients after operation. The 5-year survival rate for patients with benign tumors was 92% compared to 50% for those with malignant tumors. Surgical cure was achieved in 95% of patients with benign insulinomas.Conclusions Surgical strategy for PETs depends on the size and location of the tumor and the risk of malignancy. The optimal surgical procedure is key to prevent postoperative complication. Radical resection including initial and metastatic lesion may benefit patients with malignant PETs.

  17. Surgical approach in patients with hyperparathyroidism in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1: total versus partial parathyroidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Tonelli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Usually, primary hyperparathyroidism is the first endocrinopathy to be diagnosed in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, and is also the most common one. The timing of the surgery and strategy in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1/hyperparathyroidism are still under debate. The aims of surgery are to: 1 correct hypercalcemia, thus preventing persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism; 2 avoid persistent hypoparathyroidism; and 3 facilitate the surgical treatment of possible recurrences. Currently, two types of surgical approach are indicated: 1 subtotal parathyroidectomy with removal of at least 3-3 K glands; and 2 total parathyroidectomy with grafting of autologous parathyroid tissue. Transcervical thymectomy must be performed with both of these procedures. Unsuccessful surgical treatment of hyperparathyroidism is more frequently observed in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 than in sporadic hyperparathyroidism. The recurrence rate is strongly influenced by: 1 the lack of a pre-operative multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 diagnosis; 2 the surgeon's experience; 3 the timing of surgery; 4 the possibility of performing intra-operative confirmation (histologic examination, rapid parathyroid hormone assay of the curative potential of the surgical procedure; and, 5 the surgical strategy. Persistent hyperparathyroidism seems to be more frequent after subtotal parathyroidectomy than after total parathyroidectomy with autologous graft of parathyroid tissue. Conversely, recurrent hyperparathyroidism has a similar frequency in the two surgical strategies. To plan further operations, it is very helpful to know all the available data about previous surgery and to undertake accurate identification of the site of recurrence.

  18. Robotic surgical staging for endometrial and cervical cancers in medically ill patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siesto, Gabriele; Ornaghi, Sara; Iedà, Nicoletta; Vitobello, Domenico

    2013-06-01

    Patients with high anesthesiological risk due to old age, obesity and severe co-morbidities alone or in combination are considered as poor candidates for extensive surgical staging procedures, especially if through minimally invasive approach. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of robotic surgical staging of endometrial and cervical cancers in the medically ill patient. Between 07-2007 and 12-2012, consecutive patients scheduled for staging for endometrial or cervical cancer were directed towards robotic staging and divided into two groups according to their starting score in the American Society for Anaesthesiologists (ASA): Group 1 (ASA 1-2) and Group 2 (ASA ≥3). Overall, 169 (71.9%) patients had ASA 1-2 whereas 66 (28.1%) had ASA ≥3. ASA ≥3 were older (pobesity (2.4% vs 31.8%; pcervical cancers also in this more vulnerable group of patients. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Surgical checklist application and its impact on patient safety in pediatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oak, S N; Dave, N M; Garasia, M B; Parelkar, S V

    2015-01-01

    Surgical care is an essential component of health care of children worldwide. Incidences of congenital anomalies, trauma, cancers and acquired diseases continue to rise and along with that the impact of surgical intervention on public health system also increases. It then becomes essential that the surgical teams make the procedures safe and error proof. The World Health Organization (WHO) has instituted the surgical checklist as a global initiative to improve surgical safety. To assess the acceptance, application and adherence to the WHO Safe Surgery Checklist in Pediatric Surgery Practice at a university teaching hospital. In a prospective study, spanning 2 years, the checklist was implemented for all patients who underwent operative procedures under general anesthesia. The checklist identified three phases of an operation, each corresponding to a specific period in the normal flow of work: Before the induction of anesthesia ("sign in"), before the skin incision ("time out") and before the patient leaves the operating room ("sign out"). In each phase, an anesthesiologist,-"checklist coordinator," confirmed that the anesthesia, surgery and nursing teams have completed the listed tasks before proceeding with the operation and exit. The checklist was used for 3000 consecutive patients. No major perioperative errors were noted. In 54 (1.8%) patients, children had the same names and identical surgical procedure posted on the same operation list. The patient identification tag was missing in four (0.1%) patients. Mention of the side of procedures was missing in 108 (3.6%) cases. In 0.1% (3) of patients there was mix up of the mention of side of operation in the case papers and consent forms. In 78 (2.6%) patients, the consent form was not signed by parents/guardians or the side of the procedure was not quoted. Antibiotic orders were missing in five (0.2%) patients. In 12 (0.4%) cases, immobilization of the patients was suboptimal, which led to displacement of diathermy

  20. Neurological outcome in surgically treated patients with incomplete closed traumatic cervical spinal cord injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhal, B; Mohammed, A; Samuel, J; Mues, J; Kluger, P

    2008-09-01

    Retrospective study based on a reference paper. Neurological outcome in patients who were managed surgically with closed traumatic cervical spine injury was evaluated using the ASIA motor scoring system and Frankel grading. To assess the accuracy of motor charting and Frankel grading as tools to evaluate neurological outcome in closed traumatic cervical spine injury, and also to evaluate how the surgically treated patients fared in their neurological recovery by measurement tools as in the reference paper. National Spinal Injuries Centre, Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Aylesbury, UK. Fifty-seven patients were admitted within 2 days of the injury with closed traumatic cervical spine injuries (1997-2004). Thirty-seven (65%) met the inclusion criteria as per the referenced paper, that is, were treated surgically, were Frankel grade B and above and had at least 12 months follow up. The remaining 20 patients were not included as they did not meet the inclusion criteria. The breakdown of the 20 patients is given in Table 1. The mean recovery percentage (MRP) and mean deficit percentage (MDP) were calculated as per the referenced paper. An evaluation of 37 patients surgically treated, who had follow up of at least 12 months, showed that preservation of pin prick below the level of lesion, and preservation of anal tone and perianal sensation were good prognostic indicators. There was no correlation between degree of encroachment of canal or the degree of kyphosis to MDP or MRP. The mean time from injury to mobilization was 7.6 days in 25 out of 37 patients. Twelve of the 37 patients had prolonged immobilization because of ITU stay or because they were initially treated conservatively. Three out of the 37 patients developed DVT/PE. Mean hospital stay was 6.4 months. The neurological outcome in surgically treated patients is comparable to the conservatively treated patients. The Frankel grading and ASIA motor charting combined is a powerful tool in assessing the neurological

  1. Surgical checklist application and its impact on patient safety in pediatric surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S N Oak

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Surgical care is an essential component of health care of children worldwide. Incidences of congenital anomalies, trauma, cancers and acquired diseases continue to rise and along with that the impact of surgical intervention on public health system also increases. It then becomes essential that the surgical teams make the procedures safe and error proof. The World Health Organization (WHO has instituted the surgical checklist as a global initiative to improve surgical safety. Aims: To assess the acceptance, application and adherence to the WHO Safe Surgery Checklist in Pediatric Surgery Practice at a university teaching hospital. Materials and Methods: In a prospective study, spanning 2 years, the checklist was implemented for all patients who underwent operative procedures under general anesthesia. The checklist identified three phases of an operation, each corresponding to a specific period in the normal flow of work: Before the induction of anesthesia ("sign in", before the skin incision ("time out" and before the patient leaves the operating room ("sign out". In each phase, an anesthesiologist,-"checklist coordinator," confirmed that the anesthesia, surgery and nursing teams have completed the listed tasks before proceeding with the operation and exit. The checklist was used for 3000 consecutive patients. Results: No major perioperative errors were noted. In 54 (1.8% patients, children had the same names and identical surgical procedure posted on the same operation list. The patient identification tag was missing in four (0.1% patients. Mention of the side of procedures was missing in 108 (3.6% cases. In 0.1% (3 of patients there was mix up of the mention of side of operation in the case papers and consent forms. In 78 (2.6% patients, the consent form was not signed by parents/guardians or the side of the procedure was not quoted. Antibiotic orders were missing in five (0.2% patients. In 12 (0.4% cases, immobilization of the

  2. Change of Patient Selection Strategy and Improved Surgical Outcome in MRI-negative Neocortical Epilepsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Hye-Jin; Kim, Dong Wook; Chung, Chun-Kee; Shin, Jung-won; Moon, Jangsup; Kang, Bong Su; Lee, Soon-Tae; Jung, Keun-Hwa; Chu, Kon; Jung, Ki-Young; Cho, Yong Won; Lee, Sang Kun

    2016-01-01

    Background and Purpose It is crucial to make selection strategy to identify surgical candidates among medically refractory MRI-negative neocortical epilepsy patients. In our previous study, we suggested two or more concordance between noninvasive studies (EEG, ictal scalp EEG, interictal FDG-PET, and SPECT) as a new patient selection strategy for MRI-negative neocortical epilepsy surgery. The objective of this study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes of MRI-negative neocortical epilepsy patients before and after the implementation of a new selection strategy. Methods From 1995 to 2011, we included 153 consecutive MRI-negative neocortical epilepsy patients who received focal resection and had a follow-up period of at least 2 years. These patients were divided into two groups according to their date of surgery (before and after July 2002). The old group consisted of 89 patients and the new one consisted of 53 patients. Clinical characteristics, presurgical evaluations, and pathology were reviewed. Results The new patient selection strategy led to a significant increase in the concordance between two or more modalities. The improvement in surgical outcome after 2002 was significant (seizure-free outcome, 47.2% vs. 75.5%; p = 0.001). Concordance between two or more presurgical evaluations and localizing PET were related to a seizure-free outcome in a multivariate analysis. Conclusions After a change in surgical strategy to select patients with two or more concordance between noninvasive studies, the seizure-free outcome improved up to 75.5%. MRI-negative neocortical epilepsy patients with two or more concordance between noninvasive studies seem to be good candidates for epilepsy surgery. PMID:28101477

  3. "Hybrid" and combined percutaneous and surgical intervention to treat selected cardiac patients: a new strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Presbitero, P; Gallotti, R; Belli, G; Franciosi, G; Maiello, L; Nicolini, F; Manasse, E; Citterio, E; Carcagnì, A; Foresti, A

    1999-01-01

    The term "hybrid revascularization" describes the combined use of minimally-invasive surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass and percutaneous coronary revascularization in selected cases. The theoretical advantage of a less invasive surgical intervention must be weighted against the need for additional percutaneous procedures, with their own risks and limitations. We describe our initial experience with hybrid revascularization at the Istituto Clinico Humanitas in Milan. From 7/97 to 10/98, twelve patients underwent hybrid revascularization or a combined percutaneous and surgical intervention. A "classic" hybrid approach, consisting of minimally-invasive direct coronary artery bypass to the left anterior descending coronary artery and angioplasty or stenting of arteries in the right coronary artery or circumflex territories, was used in nine patients. In three patients, myocardial revascularization could be completed with percutaneous procedures after bypass surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass (in two patients because of severe aortic calcification) or valve surgery in a patient with two previous bypass operations. In-hospital complications were observed in three patients. Two required urgent median sternotomy (one for impending cardiac tamponade, one for conversion to bypass on extra-corporeal circulation). One patient developed atheroembolism after percutaneous intervention: after hospital discharge, there was a recurrence of symptoms, clinical deterioration with renal failure and eventually death. At a mean follow-up of 152 +/- 91 days (range 17 to 283) after minimally-invasive surgery and 166 +/- 122 days (range 13 to 397) after angioplasty, all surviving patients are well and free of anginal symptoms. Closer collaboration between surgical and interventional operators may offer a novel approach to effective treatment of difficult patient subsets. However, our initial experience suggests that a cautious evaluation of possible risks and benefits must carefully

  4. Surgical risk for patients with Chagasic achalasia and its correlation with the degree of esophageal dilation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    José Garcia Neto; Roberto de Cleva; Bruno Zilberstein; Joaquim José Gama-Rodrigues

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To analyze the risk of cardiovascular complications in patients with indication for surgical treatment of Chagasic esophageal achalasia and to correlate the surgical risks with the degree of esophageal dilation,thereby proposing a risk scale index.METHODS: One hundred and twenty-four patients with Chagasic esophageal achalasia, who received surgical treatment at the Hospital das Clinicas of the Federal patients were mostly related to the postoperative complications due to the cardiovascular system. All the patients were submitted to: (1) clinical history to define the cardiac functional class (New York Heart Association);(2) conventional 12-lead electrocardiogram at rest; and (3) contrast imaging of the esophagus to determine esophageal dilatation according to Rezende's classification of Chagasic megaesophagus.RESULTS: An assessment of the functional classification (FC) of heart failure during the preoperative period determined that 67 patients (54.03%) were assigned functional class Ⅰ (FC Ⅰ), 46 patients (37.09%) were assigned functional class Ⅱ (FC Ⅱ), and 11 patients (8.87%) were assigned functional class Ⅲ (FC Ⅲ). None of the patients were assigned to functional class Ⅳ (FC Ⅳ). There was a positive correlation between the functional class and the postoperative complications (FC ⅠxFC Ⅱ: P<0.001; FC ⅠxFC Ⅲ: P<0.001). The ECG was normal in 44 patients (35.48%) and presented abnormalities in 80 patients (64.52%). There was a significant statistical correlation between abnormal ECG (arrhythmias and primary change in ventricular repolarization) and postoperative complications (P<0.001).With regard to the classification of the Chagasic esophageal achalasia, the following distribution was observed: group Ⅱ, 53 patients (42.74%); group Ⅲ, 37 patients (29.83%);and group Ⅳ, 34 patients (27.41%). There was a positive correlation between the degree of esophageal dilation and the increase in postoperative complications (grade

  5. Relationship between surgical time and postoperative complications in senile patients with hip fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Ren-shi; GU Gui-shan; WANG Cheng-xue; ZHU Dong; ZHANG Xi-zheng

    2010-01-01

    Objective:To elucidate the relationship between surgical time and postoperative complications in senile patients with hip fractures, and try to find out other factors which are related to these complications.Methods: Sixty-two patients, 28 males aged from 65 to 72 years with a mean age of 76.3 years and 34 females aged from 65 to 95 years with a mean age of 78.1 years, who had undergone orthopedic surgery because of hip fractures,were enrolled in a retrospective cohort study. The surgical time and pattern, the type of fracture, preoperative comorbidities, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score and the volume of blood transfusion during operation were obtained from these patients who were followed up by telephone calls for postoperative complications.All the patients were followed up at least for 1 year and were divided into subgroups according to their clinical characteristics and the results were analyzed by the Statistical Analysis System software.Results:There was no significant difference in the morbidity of postoperative eomplications with the gender,age,surgical time and pattern,or ASA score. There was significant difference in the morbidity of postoperative complications related to preoperative comorbidities and the volume of blood transfusion. There was a significant causality between preoperative comorbidities and postoperative complications. The morbidity of postoperative complications was 1.651 times higher in patients with preoperative comorbidities than those without.Conclusions:There is no relationship between the surgical time and postoperative complications in senile patients who received surgery for hip fracture within 1 year.No correlation is found between the postoperative complications and gender,age,type of fracture, surgical pattern,ASA score and the volume of blood transfusion. Preoperative comorbidities are an independent predictor for postoperative complications.

  6. Surgical treatment results of hand deformities in patients with Apert syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ufuk Nalbantoglu

    2015-12-01

    Results: The mean age at the first operation was 2.7 years and the mean number of operations was 3 per patient. No patient developed graft-flap necrosis and no patients required amputations. All patients were able to perform grasping and pinching functions and families were satisfied with the cosmetic results. Conclusion: Using a two-stage surgical protocol, achieving satisfactory results with a minimal number of operations is possible in patients with Apert Syndrome. [Hand Microsurg 2015; 4(3.000: 53-57

  7. Hematologic and surgical management of the dental patient with plasminogen activator deficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheitler, L E; Hart, N; Phillips, G; Weinberg, J B

    1988-12-01

    Anticoagulation therapy is used to treat patients with a variety of hemostatic disorders in an attempt to prevent thrombus formation. A thorough understanding of the patient's medical history is essential before dental treatment that may require alteration of this anticoagulation therapy. Alteration of anticoagulation therapy should be undertaken only after consultation with the patient's physician because some patients are at greater risk than others for thrombus formation or hemorrhage. This case of a 29-year-old man with plasminogen activator deficiency illustrates how consultation can result in a coordinated treatment plan for medical and dental management formulated to help ensure safe surgical treatment for these medically compromised patients.

  8. Incidence of surgical site infection following adult spinal deformity surgery: an analysis of patient risk.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pull ter Gunne, A.F.; Laarhoven, C.J.H.M. van; Cohen, D.B.

    2010-01-01

    Surgical site infection (SSI) following spinal surgery is a frequent complication and results in higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. Patients undergoing surgery for spinal deformity (scoliosis/kyphosis) have longer surgeries, involving more spinal levels and larger blood losses than ty

  9. Does surgical sympathectomy improve clinical outcomes in patients with refractory angina pectoris?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, Luke C; Navaratnarajah, Manoraj; Taggart, David P

    2016-04-01

    A best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: In patients with angina pectoris refractory to medical therapy, does surgical sympathectomy improve clinical outcomes? A total of 528 papers were identified using the search protocol described, of which 6 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. There were 5 case series and 1 prospective cohort study. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. All 5 of the case series demonstrated an improvement in symptoms, exercise tolerance or quality of life in patients undergoing surgical sympathectomy. An early case series investigating an open approach had a high morbidity and mortality rate, but the 4 other series used a minimally invasive technique and had low morbidity and zero perioperative mortality rates. The cohort study compared surgical sympathectomy with transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) and concluded TMR to be superior. However, this study looked only at unilateral sympathectomy, whereas all 5 case series focused on bilateral surgery. We conclude that the best currently available evidence does suggest that patients report an improvement in their symptoms and quality of life following surgical sympathectomy, but the low level of this evidence does not allow for a statistically proved recommendation. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  10. Interventions to promote informed consent for patients undergoing surgical and other invasive healthcare procedures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kinnersley, P.; Phillips, K.; Savage, K.; Kelly, M.J.; Farrell, E.; Morgan, B.; Whistance, R.; Lewis, V.; Mann, M.K.; Stephens, B.L.; Blazeby, J.; Elwyn, G.; Edwards, A.G.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Achieving informed consent is a core clinical procedure and is required before any surgical or invasive procedure is undertaken. However, it is a complex process which requires patients be provided with information which they can understand and retain, opportunity to consider their optio

  11. Patients' experiences of postoperative intermediate care and standard surgical ward care after emergency abdominal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Thordis; Vester-Andersen, Morten; Nielsen, Martin Vedel

    2015-01-01

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To elicit knowledge of patient experiences of postoperative intermediate care in an intensive care unit and standard postoperative care in a surgical ward after emergency abdominal surgery. BACKGROUND: Emergency abdominal surgery is common, but little is known about how patie...

  12. Comparison between surgical outcomes of colorectal cancer in younger and elderly patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Longxue Jin; Katsutoshi Kaneko; Norio Inoue; Naoki Sato; Susumu Matsumoto; Hitoshi Kanno; Yuko Hashimoto; Kazuhiro Tasaki; Kinya Sato; Shun Sato

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To compare the outcome of surgical treatment of colorectal adenocarcinoma in elderly and younger patients. METHODS: The outcomes of 122 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical treatment between January 2004 and June 2009 were analyzed. The clinicopathological and blood biochemistry data of the younger group (< 75 years) and the elderly group (≥ 75 years) were compared. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, time to resumption of oral intake, or morbidity. The elderly group had a significantly higher rate of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. levels were significantly lower in the elderly than in the younger group. The serum carcinoembryonic antigen level was lower in the elderly than in the younger group, and there was a significant decreasing trend after the operation in the elderly group. CONCLUSION: The short-term outcomes of surgical treatment in elderly patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma were acceptable. Surgical treatment in elderly patients was considered a selectively effective approach.

  13. Surgical outcome prediction in patients with advanced ovarian cancer using computed tomography scans and intraoperative findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ha-Jeong Kim

    2014-09-01

    Conclusion: The combination of omental extension to the stomach or spleen and involvement of inguinal or pelvic lymph nodes in preoperative CT scans is considered predictive of suboptimal cytoreduction. These patients may be more appropriately treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgical cytoreduction.

  14. Long-term patient satisfaction after surgical correction of penile curvature via tunical plication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Paez

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess patient satisfaction and functional results at long term follow-up after surgical correction for Peyronie's disease (PD and congenital penile curvature (CPC with the technique of tunical plication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and two men operated for PD (n = 76 or CPC (n = 26 in four different departments of urology in public hospitals agreed to answer a six-question telephone questionnaire about treatment satisfaction. Tunica albuginea plication procedures represented the standard surgical approach. Subjects under investigation were correction of the deformity, feeling of bumps under the skin, pain during erection, penile sensory changes, development of erectile dysfunction (ED and postoperative ability for complete vaginal intromission. Subjective response rates were compared using the chi square test on the basis of the etiology of the disease (CPC or PD. RESULTS: Significant differences (p < 0.05 between patients with CPC and PD were noticed in the prevalence of postoperative penile deformity, sensory changes, ED and ability to complete vaginal intromission, PD patients always showing a more pessimistic view. No significant differences (p = ns were detected in terms of unpleasant nodes under the penile skin or pain during erection. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term outcome after surgical correction for PD and CPC with the technique of tunical plication can be poor. Probably patient expectations are above the real performance of surgical techniques. Preoperative information should be more exhaustive.

  15. Oral nutritional support of older (65 years+) medical and surgical patients after discharge from hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck, Anne Marie; Holst, Mette; Rasmussen, Henrik Højgaard

    2013-01-01

    To estimate the effectiveness of oral nutritional support compared to placebo or usual care in improving clinical outcome in older (65 years+) medical and surgical patients after discharge from hospital. Outcome goals were: re-admissions, survival, nutritional and functional status, quality of life...

  16. Surgical hip dislocation according to Ganz for excision of osteochondromas in patients with multiple hereditary exostoses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sorel, J. C.; Façee Schaeffer, M.; Homan, A. S.; Scholtes, V. A B; Kempen, D. H R; Ham, S. J.

    2016-01-01

    Aims We report a prospective cohort study of the midterm results of surgical dislocation of the hip (according to Ganz) to perform resection of osteochondromas involving the femoral neck in patients with multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE). Methods Hip range of movement (ROM) was assessed pre-and po

  17. Partial fingertip necrosis following a digital surgical procedure in a patient with primary Raynaud's phenomenon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uygur, Safak; Tuncer, Serhan

    2014-12-01

    Raynaud's phenomenon is a common clinical disorder consisting of recurrent, long-lasting and episodic vasospasm of the fingers and toes often associated with exposure to cold. In this article, we present a case of partial fingertip necrosis following digital surgical procedure in a patient with primary Raynaud's phenomenon.

  18. Incidence of surgical site infection following adult spinal deformity surgery: an analysis of patient risk.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pull ter Gunne, A.F.; Laarhoven, C.J.H.M. van; Cohen, D.B.

    2010-01-01

    Surgical site infection (SSI) following spinal surgery is a frequent complication and results in higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. Patients undergoing surgery for spinal deformity (scoliosis/kyphosis) have longer surgeries, involving more spinal levels and larger blood losses than

  19. Treatment of surgical site infections (SSI) IN patients with peripheral arterial disease : an observational study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Slegt, Jasper; Kluytmans, Jan A J W; de Groot, Hans G W; van der Laan, Lijckle

    INTRODUCTION: The management of surgical site infections (SSI's) in vascular surgery has been challenging over the years. To assess the outcomes associated with the various strategies, we performed a review of all SSI's after elective vascular procedures in patients with moderate to severe

  20. Effects of surgical intervention on trochlear remodeling in pediatric patients with recurrent patella dislocation cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugimoto, Dai; Christino, Melissa A; Micheli, Lyle J

    2016-07-01

    Patella instability is often encountered among physically active pediatric athletes, and surgical intervention is useful in cases with recurrent patella dislocations, chronic instability, and abnormal alignment. Several surgical procedures have been used for patella-realignment and stabilization, but the effects of surgical intervention on bony trochlear remodeling in skeletally immature patients have not been well studied. We thus present two cases of pediatric recurrent patella dislocations that showed trochlear remodeling following patella-realignment surgery. The first case describes an 11-year-old female treated with a Roux-Golthwait procedure and the second case highlights a 12-year-old male treated with lateral release and medial capsular reefing. The Merchant technique, a radiographic criterion that was designed to evaluate patella alignment in relation to the femoral trochlea groove, including sulcus and congruence angles was used to measure postoperative bony development. Both pediatric patients showed successful outcomes following surgical interventions for chronic patella instability. Using the Merchant technique, both patients showed improved congruence and sulcus angles postoperatively. Patella realignment in skeletally immature patients may be beneficial for promoting trochlear remodeling and deepening of the trochlear groove, which may help protect against future dislocation or subluxation events. Level IV, case report.

  1. [Modern minimal invasive combine surgical approach in varicose disease of lower limbs patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berehovyĭ, O V; Hur'iev, A M; Kisel'ov, V O; Hrepachevs'kyĭ, V Ie; Sholokh, V M; Bon', D O

    2012-07-01

    The analysis of combine endovenous laser coagulations in 167 patients, treated from 2007 to 2011 with different types of chronic venous insufficiency of superficial veins of lower limbs varicous disease were analysed. The high efficiency of minimal invasive combine surgical treatment, using high energetic diode laser Dornier Medilas Fibertom with wave length of 940 nm was done.

  2. Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Kirsch, Uwe; Schreckenberg, Michael

    2014-01-01

    The 6th International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics conference (PED2012) showcased research on human locomotion. This book presents the proceedings of PED2012. Humans have walked for eons; our drive to settle the globe began with a walk out of Africa. However, much remains to discover. As the world moves toward sustainability while racing to assess and accommodate climate change, research must provide insight on the physical requirements of walking, the dynamics of pedestrians on the move and more. We must understand, predict and simulate pedestrian behaviour, to avoid dangerous situations, to plan for emergencies, and not least, to make walking more attractive and enjoyable. PED2012 offered 70 presentations and keynotes and 70 poster presentations covering new and improved mathematical models, describing new insights on pedestrian behaviour in normal and emergency cases and presenting research based on sensors and advanced observation methods. These papers offer a starting point for innova...

  3. Decision Dynamics in Group Evacuation

    CERN Document Server

    Han, Fangqiu; Schlesinger, Kimberly J; Gür, Izzeddin; Carlson, Jean M

    2016-01-01

    Identifying factors that affect human decision making and quantifying their influence remain essential and challenging tasks for the design and implementation of social and technological communication systems. We report results of a behavioral experiment involving decision making in the face of an impending natural disaster. In a controlled laboratory setting, we characterize individual and group evacuation decision making influenced by several key factors, including the likelihood of the disaster, available shelter capacity, group size, and group decision protocol. Our results show that success in individual decision making is not a strong predictor of group performance. We use an artificial neural network trained on the collective behavior of subjects to predict individual and group outcomes. Overall model accuracy increases with the inclusion of a subject-specific performance parameter based on laboratory trials that captures individual differences. In parallel, we demonstrate that the social media activit...

  4. Chronobiology, cognitive function and depressive symptoms in surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Melissa Voigt

    2014-09-01

    Biological rhythms are essential for the regulation of many life processes. Disturbances of the circadian rhythm are known to affect human health, performance and well-being and the negative consequences are numerous and widespread. Cognitive dysfunction, fatigue, pain, sleep disturbances and mood disorders, such as anxiety and depression, are common problems arising around the time of surgery or in the course of a cancer diagnosis and subsequent treatment period. The importance of investigating prevention or treatment possibilities in these populations is significant due to the extent of the problems and the derived consequences on morbidity and mortality. Genetic predisposition to these problems is also an issue in focus. In this thesis we initially investigated whether the specific clock gene genotype PER(5/5) was associated with the development of postoperative cognitive dysfunction one week after non-cardiac surgery. We did not find any association, although this could have been due to the size of the study. Yet, if PER3(5/5) is associated with a higher incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction, the risk seems to be only modestly increased and by less than 10%. Melatonin is a hormone with well-known chronobiotic and hypnotic effects. In addition, exogenous melatonin is also known to have anxiolytic, analgesic, antidepressant and positive cognitive effects. Based on the lack of studies investigating these effects of melatonin, we conducted the MELODY trial in which we investigated the effect of 6 mg oral melatonin on depressive symptoms, anxiety, sleep, cognitive function and fatigue in patients with breast cancer in a three month time period after surgery. Melatonin had an effect on reducing the risk of developing depressive symptoms and also increased sleep efficiency perioperatively and total sleep time postoperatively. No effect was found on anxiety, sleep quality, sleepiness, general well-being or pain, however melatonin seemed to positively

  5. Factors determining the patients' care intensity for surgeons and surgical nurses: a conjoint analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Oostveen, Catharina J; Vermeulen, Hester; Nieveen van Dijkum, Els J M; Gouma, Dirk J; Ubbink, Dirk T

    2015-09-18

    Surgeons and nurses sometimes perceive a high workload on the surgical wards, which may influence admission decisions and staffing policy. This study aimed to explore the relative contribution of various patient and care characteristics to the perceived patients' care intensity and whether differences exist in the perception of surgeons and nurses. We invited surgeons and surgical nurses in the Netherlands for a conjoint analysis study through internet and e-mail invitations. They rated 20 virtual clinical scenarios regarding patient care intensity on a 10-point Likert scale. The scenarios described patients with 5 different surgical conditions: cholelithiasis, a colon tumor, a pancreas tumor, critical leg ischemia, and an unstable vertebral fracture. Each scenario presented a mix of 13 different attributes, referring to the patients' condition, physical symptoms, and admission and discharge circumstances. A total of 82 surgeons and 146 surgical nurses completed the questionnaire, resulting in 4560 rated scenarios, 912 per condition. For surgeons, 6 out of the 13 attributes contributed significantly to care intensity: age, polypharmacy, medical diagnosis, complication level, ICU-stay and ASA-classification, but not multidisciplinary care. For nurses, the same six attributes contributed significantly, but also BMI, nutrition status, admission type, patient dependency, anxiety or delirium during hospitalization, and discharge type. Both professionals ranked 'complication level' as having the highest impact. The differences between surgeons and nurses on attributes contributing to care intensity may be explained by differences in professional roles and daily work activities. Surgeons have a medical background, including technical aspects of their work and primary focus on patient curation. However, nurses are focused on direct patient care, i.e., checking vital functions, stimulating self-care and providing woundcare. Surgeons and nurses differ in their perception of

  6. Surgical interventions in patients undergoing percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy : a retrospective analysis of anaesthetic considerations.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tempe Deepak

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Between 1990 and 2000, 5499 balloon mitral valvotomies were performed at GB Pant Hospital. Amongst these, 45 patients required surgical intervention, which form the basis of this report. There were 18 males and 27 females with the mean age of 26.5+/-8.3 years and weight of 42.9+/-7.39 kg. Thirty-five patients underwent open-heart surgery and 10 closed-heart surgery. Twenty-five patients developed acute severe mitral regurgitation during balloon mitral valvotomy and required emergency open-heart surgery. Morphine based anaesthetic technique with careful attention to haemodynamic monitoring was used in these patients. All patients required a high inotropic support to terminate the cardiopulmonary bypass. The closed-heart surgical procedures included emergency exploration for cardiac tamponade (4, exploration + closed mitral valvotomy (4, and elective closed mitral valvotomy (2. The overall mortality was 9%, which is much higher than the reported mortality for elective mitral valve replacement. Morphine based anaesthetic technique is useful in these patients. Adequate oxygenation, vasodilators, inotropes and diuretics are required for preoperative stabilisation of patients who develop acute mitral regurgitation, while those who develop cardiac tamponade need volume replacement along with inotropes and immediate surgical decompression of the tamponade.

  7. The surgical treatment of patients with osteosarcoma who sustain a pathologic fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scully, S P; Temple, H T; O'Keefe, R J; Mankin, H J; Gebhardt, M

    1996-03-01

    The presence of pathologic fracture in osteosarcoma raises concerns of tumor dissemination by the fracture hematoma and has been considered a contraindication to limb salvage surgery. Because this is a theoretical concern, there are little clinical data available in the literature on which to base treatment of these patients. Eighteen patients with osteosarcoma who sustained a pathologic fracture and had a minimum of 24 months of followup were reviewed retrospectively. Surgical treatment included nonoperative therapy, amputation, and limb salvage groups. Patients who refused surgical intervention (2) had a uniformly poor outcome. Patients who underwent amputation (6) had no local recurrences and 33% developed metastases. Patients who underwent limb salvage (10) experienced 3 local recurrences and 6 distant recurrences. Although the distant recurrence rate for patients undergoing amputation was no different from the rate for those undergoing limb salvage, the difference in local tumor control approached statistical significance. All patients who developed local recurrence died. Surgical treatment needs to be individualized and based on factors such as fracture displacement, stability, radiographic and histologic response to chemotherapy, and the perceived ability to resect the fracture hematoma completely.

  8. Incidence of surgical site infection in postoperative patients at a tertiary care centre in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhter, M Siddique J; Verma, R; Madhukar, K Premjeet; Vaishampayan, A Rajiv; Unadkat, P C

    2016-04-01

    A prospective observational was carried out to calculate the incidence of surgical site infections (SSI) along with the main risk factors and causative organisms in postoperative patients at a tertiary care setting in Mumbai. A total number of 1196 patients between June 2011 to March 2013 admitted to the general surgical ward or surgical ICU of our hospital were included in the study. Post laproscopy patients and organ space SSIs were excluded. Patient data were collected using a preformed pro forma and a wound Southampton score tabulated and checked repeatedly until suture removal of patient. Regular follow-up was maintained until at least 30 days postoperatively. The study showed a SSI rate of 11%. Risk factors associated with a higher incidence of SSI were found to be age (>55 years), diabetes mellitus (especially uncontrolled sugar in the perioperative period), immunocompromised patients (mainly HIV and immunosuppressive therapy patients), surgeon skill (higher in senior professors compared with junior residents), nature of the cases, (emergency surgeries), placement of drains, wound class (highest in dirty wounds), type of closure (multilayer closure), prolonged duration of hospital stay, longer duration of surgery (>2 hours), type of surgery (highest in cholecystectomy). The highest rates of causative organisms for SSIs found were Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella ssp. Prevention of SSIs requires a multipronged approach with particular emphasis on optimising preoperative issues, adhering religiously to strict protocols during the intraoperative period and addressing and optimising metabolic and nutritional status in postoperative period.

  9. Clinical Characteristics and Surgical Management of Patients with Temporal Lobe Gangliogliomas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huanchang Shi; Ding Lei; Baiyong Mao; Sanzhong Li

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To review the clinical features and surgical treatment for patients with temporal lobe gangliogliomas.METHODS Patients with temporal lobe gangliogliomas who underwent resection of temporal lobe tumors, confirmed by surgical pathology, seen between September 1998 and November 2004 at the West China hospital, were selected. Medical records were reviewed for age at diagnosis,age at onset of seizures, delay between seizure onset and tumor diagnosis, types and frequencies of seizures, EEG results, extent of surgery,and pathologic diagnosis. The follow-up periods varied from 12 to 60months (mean 30 months).RESULTS Eighteen patients were identified, including 14 males and 4females. Age at operation ranged from 4 years to 34 years (mean 17.6years). All patients underwent at least one surgical procedure. Fifteen tumors were classified as WHO Grade Ⅰ lesions, and 3 as WHO Grade Ⅱ lesions. None of patients experienced a tumor recurrence. Among the patients, 85% had complete and sustained seizure relief.CONCLUSION Complex partial seizures and auras were the common presenting symptom of these patients. The follow-up suggested good relief from the seizures after surgery and a low risk for tumor recurrence and malignant progression.

  10. Triple pathological findings in a surgically amenable patient with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fumin Tong

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS is a well-recognized cause of intractable epilepsy; however, coexistence with focal cortical dysplasia (FCD is less common. Middle fossa epidermoid cysts are rare and may involve the temporal lobe. Most epidermoids are clinically silent, slow-growing, and seldom associated with overt symptomatology, including seizures. We describe a patient with multiple comorbidities including left MTS and a large epidermoid cyst involving the left quadrigeminal plate cistern compressing upon the cerebellar vermis and tail of the left hippocampus, resulting in refractory left temporal lobe epilepsy. The patient underwent left anterior temporal lobectomy. The surgical pathology demonstrated a third pathological finding of left temporal FCD type Ia. The patient has been seizure-free since the surgery. This case provides additional information with regard to the understanding of epileptogenicity and surgical planning in patients with MTS and epidermoid cysts.

  11. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH PROSTATE CANCER AT HIGH RISK OF PROGRESSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. M. Nyushko

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Prostate cancer (PC is one of the most burning problems of modern urologic oncology. Patients at its high risk are characterized by a more aggressive course of the disease and significantly lower tumor-specific and relapse-free survival rates. Hormone therapy and radiotherapy are one of the conventional treatments in patients with PC at high risk of progression. Nonetheless, more and more publications demonstrating the efficiency and safety of surgical therapy in this contingent of patients are recently appearing. This paper presents the results of surgical treat-ment in 499 patients with PC at high risk of progression, who have undergone radical prostatectomy with extended pelvic lymphadenectomy at the Department of Urologic Oncology, P.A. Herzen Moscow Oncology Research Institute. 

  12. Mortality in trauma patients with active arterial bleeding managed by embolization or surgical packing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Froberg, Lonnie; Helgstrand, Frederik; Clausen, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Exsanguination due to coagulopathy and vascular injury is a common cause of death among trauma patients. Arterial injury can be treated either by angiography and embolization or by explorative laparotomy and surgical packing. The purpose of this study was to compare 30-day mortality...... and blood product consumption in trauma patients with active arterial haemorrhage in the abdominal and/or pelvic region treated with either angiography and embolization or explorative laparotomy and surgical packing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 1(st) 2006 to December 31(st) 2011 2,173 patients...... with an ISS of >9 were admitted to the Trauma Centre of Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark. Of these, 66 patients met the inclusion criteria: age above 15 years and active arterial haemorrhage from the abdominal and/or pelvic region verified by a CT scan at admission. Gender, age, initial...

  13. Wernicke's encephalopathy in a malnourished surgical patient: clinical features and magnetic resonance imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolli, M; Barbieri, A; Pinna, C; Pasetto, A; Nicosia, F

    2005-11-01

    We report a clinical and neuroradiological description of a severe case of Wernicke's encephalopathy in a surgical patient. After colonic surgery for neoplasm, he was treated for a long time with high glucose concentration total parenteral nutrition. In the early post-operative period, the patient showed severe encephalopathy with ataxia, ophthalmoplegia and consciousness disorders. We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to confirm the clinical suspicion of Wernicke's encephalopathy. The radiological feature showed hyperintense lesions which were symmetrically distributed along the bulbo-pontine tegmentum, the tectum of the mid-brain, the periacqueductal grey substance, the hypothalamus and the medial periventricular parts of the thalamus. This progressed to typical Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome with ataxia and memory and cognitive defects. Thiamine deficiency is a re-emerging problem in non-alcoholic patients and it may develop in surgical patients with risk factors such as malnutrition, prolonged vomiting and long-term high glucose concentration parenteral nutrition.

  14. An outcome analysis of seventeen patients treated surgically for intractable extratemporal epilepsy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mulholland, D

    2010-07-01

    We studied the outcomes of seventeen patients treated surgically for extratemporal lobe epilepsy. A retrospective case review of medical charts was performed. Seizure freedom post surgery was appraised using the Engel classification system. Post-operatively seven patients (41%) were seizure free (Engel class I), four patients were class II (23.5%), two in class III (11.76%) and four in class IV (23.5%). Three patients (17.6%) suffered traumatic injuries due to seizures. The mean duration of epilepsy prior to surgery was 12.2 years and the mean number of anti-epileptic medications given was 6.5. Seizure freedom rates for surgical treatment of extratemporal epilepsy in this centre are similar to those of other centres. Post-operative morbidity in this centre was similar to other centres. Any complications resolved with no lasting impairment.

  15. A Targeted E-Learning Program for Surgical Trainees to Enhance Patient Safety in Preventing Surgical Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    McHugh, Seamus Mark; Corrigan, Mark; Dimitrov, Borislav; Cowman, Seamus; Tierney, Sean; Humphreys, Hilary; Hill, Arnold

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Surgical site infection accounts for 20% of all health care-associated infections (HCAIs); however, a program incorporating the education of surgeons has yet to be established across the specialty. Methods: An audit of surgical practice in infection prevention was carried out in Beaumont Hospital from July to November 2009. An…

  16. Abdominal CT scanning in critically ill surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norwood, S H; Civetta, J M

    1985-01-01

    Clinical parameters, intensive care unit (ICU) course, abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans, and the clinical decisions of 53 critically ill patients were reviewed to determine the influence of the CT scan. No scans were positive before the eighth day. Sensitivity was 48% and specificity, 64%. Seventeen (23%) scans of the 72 provided beneficial results: eight localized abscesses that were drained; nine were negative and not operated on. Five (7%) scans provided detrimental information: scan negative with abscess discovered or scan positive but negative laparotomy. Fifty (70%) scans were either of no help or not used in management. The mortality rate was 50% when CT led to an intervention, and 47% in the entire group. Hospital charges were +33,408. Personnel time and cost were 497 hours and +3658; of the total +37,066, 77% (+28,541) could be considered wasted. From these data, it was concluded that CT scans should be used to confirm abscesses, not to search for a source of sepsis. PMID:4015222

  17. Clinicopathological Features of Cervical Esophageal Cancer: Retrospective Analysis of 63 Consecutive Patients Who Underwent Surgical Resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeki, Hiroshi; Tsutsumi, Satoshi; Yukaya, Takafumi; Tajiri, Hirotada; Tsutsumi, Ryosuke; Nishimura, Sho; Nakaji, Yu; Kudou, Kensuke; Akiyama, Shingo; Kasagi, Yuta; Nakashima, Yuichiro; Sugiyama, Masahiko; Sonoda, Hideto; Ohgaki, Kippei; Oki, Eiji; Yasumatsu, Ryuji; Nakashima, Torahiko; Morita, Masaru; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2017-01-01

    The objectives of this retrospective study were to elucidate the clinicopathological features and recent surgical results of cervical esophageal cancer. Cervical esophageal cancer has been reported to have a dismal prognosis. Accurate knowledge of the clinical characteristics of cervical esophageal cancer is warranted to establish appropriate therapeutic strategies. The clinicopathological features and treatment results of 63 consecutive patients with cervical esophageal cancer (Ce group) who underwent surgical resection from 1980 to 2013 were analyzed and compared with 977 patients with thoracic or abdominal esophageal cancer (T/A group) who underwent surgical resection during that time. Among the patients who received curative resection, the 5-year overall and disease-specific survival rates of the Ce patients were significantly better than those of the T/A patients (overall: 77.3% vs 46.5%, respectively, P = 0.0067; disease-specific: 81.9% vs 55.8%, respectively, P = 0.0135). Although total pharyngo-laryngo-esophagectomy procedures were less frequently performed in the recent period, the rate of curative surgical procedures was markedly higher in the recent period (2000-1013) than that in the early period (1980-1999) (44.4% vs 88.9%, P = 0.0001). The 5-year overall survival rate in the recent period (71.5%) was significantly better than that in the early period (40.7%, P = 0.0342). Curative resection for cervical esophageal cancer contributes to favorable outcomes compared with other esophageal cancers. Recent surgical results for cervical esophageal cancer have improved, and include an increased rate of curative resection and decreased rate of extensive surgery.

  18. Mortality in asymptomatic vs. symptomatic patients surgically treated for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Kirsten Riis; Bødtger, Uffe

    ’s index of co-morbidity, FEV1, former malignancy, symptoms at time of diagnosis, pre- and post-surgical TNM stage, and 12-months mortality post-surgery were recorded. Results: 130 patients were included: 51 (39%) asymptomatic and 79 symptomatic at NSCLC diagnosis with no differences concerning age, sex......, tobacco pack years, or FEV1. Former malignancy was significantly more prevalent among asymptomatic than symptomatic subjects (33 % vs. 11%), with insignificant differences in prevalence of other co-morbidities or in post-surgical TNM (82% vs 85% in stages IA-IIB). 12-months mortality was insignificantly...

  19. Cost-effectiveness analyses of elective orthopaedic surgical procedures in patients with inflammatory arthropathies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Osnes-Ringen, H.; Kvamme, M. K.; Sønbø Kristiansen, Ivar

    2011-01-01

    (SD 13) years, 77% female] with inflammatory arthropathies underwent orthopaedic surgical treatment and responded to mail surveys at baseline and during follow-up (3, 6, 9, and 12 months). Questionnaires included the quality-of-life EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) and Short Form-6D (SF-6D) utility scores...... 800 for non-replacement surgical procedures measured by EQ-5D (SF-6D: EUR 67 500). Conclusions: Elective orthopaedic surgery in patients with inflammatory arthropathies was cost-effective when measured with EQ-5D, and some procedures were also cost-effective when SF-6D was used in the economic...

  20. Advancing medical-surgical nursing practice: improving management of the changing patient condition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monroe, Heidi; Plylar, Peggy; Krugman, Mary

    2014-01-01

    Higher patient acuities and more novice nurses on medical-surgical units have Educators focused on achieving positive outcomes with changes in patient condition. An educational program was developed to enhance nurses' knowledge, skill, and confidence in assessing hemodynamics, recognizing early signs of instability, and administering vasoactive medications. The program was successful with significant knowledge improvement as well as an increased use of the Medical Emergency Team while maintaining a low number of code calls.

  1. Comparison of two different approaches for internal jugular vein cannulation in surgical patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chudhari L

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available We compared the anterior approaches of internal jugular venous cannulation in 200 surgical patients, vis-Ã -vis the ease of cannulation and threading, number of attempts required and the incidence of complications following each route. The technique of posterior approach used in this study was found to have a higher rate of success in cannulation and lower rate of complication such as carotid puncture. The posterior approach was also a safe alternate route in obese or short necked patients.

  2. MANAGEMENT AND SURGICAL OUTCOMES IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC SUPPURATIVE OTITIS MEDIA

    OpenAIRE

    N. A. Daikhes; Kh. M. Diab; V. S. Korvyakov; D. S. Kondratchikov; O. A. Pashchinina; P. U. Umarov; А. E. Mikhalevich; A. R. Medeulova

    2016-01-01

    Background: Reconstruction of the ossicular chain is performed in 70-90% of tympanoplastic interventions. A cholesteatoma in chronic suppurative otitis media is diagnosed in 24-63% cases, irrespective of localization of the eardrum perforation. Persistently good outcomes after radical mastoidectomy is obtained only in 65 to 66% of patients, and the proportion of unsatisfactory results remains to be rather high (10 to 15%). Aim: To analyze the effectiveness of surgical treatment of patients wi...

  3. Discussion on surgical treatment for young patients with congenital lower eyelid entropion

    OpenAIRE

    Bo-Tao Zheng; Ying Sun; Chao Li

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To explore the surgical methods and clinical effects on young patients with congenital lower eyelid entropion. METHODS: There were 27 patients(45 cases)who suffered congenital lower eyelid entropion accepted the modified blepharosphincterectomy. The clinical effects and complications were evaluated.RESULTS: After followed up for 6mo, 42 eyes were fully recovered, 3 eyes were unsuccessful and the cure rate was 93%, 5 eyes suffered minor lower eyelid skin folds, none had lower eyelid retra...

  4. An exploration of patients' expectation of and satisfaction with surgical outcome

    OpenAIRE

    McGregor, A.H.; Doré, C J; Morris, T. P.

    2013-01-01

    The majority of studies of surgical outcome focus on measures of function and pain. Increasingly, however, the desire to include domains such as patients' satisfaction and expectations had led to the development of simple measures and their inclusion into clinical studies. The purpose of this study was to determine patients' pre-operative expectations of and post-operative satisfaction with the outcome of their spinal surgery.

  5. Effect of non-surgical periodontal treatment on chronic kidney disease patients

    OpenAIRE

    Hilana Paula Carillo Artese; Celso Oliveira de Sousa; Ronir Raggio Luiz; Carmelo Sansone; Maria Cynésia Medeiros Barros Torres

    2010-01-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a debilitating systemic condition. Our working hypothesis is that CKD predialysis patients with periodontitis would respond poorly to periodontal treatment owing to immunologic compromise. Twenty-one predialysis patients (group 1) and 19 individuals without clinical evidence of kidney disease (group 2) with chronic periodontitis were subjected to non-surgical periodontal treatment with no antibiotics. Clinical periodontal and systemic parameters were evaluated ...

  6. Prosthetic Rehabilitation of Maxillectomy Patient with Post-Surgical Obturator: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meena Kumari Mishra

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Case description: A 60 year old female patient presented to Department of Prosthodontics, CODS, BPKIHS, Dharan with a chief complain of loose obturator. History revealed that patient had undergone partial maxillectomy for squamous cell carcinoma 7 years back. The patient also has been wearing obturator which was loose when the patient reported to the department. On examination, the site of surgery was the maxillary right buccal sulcus area and a part of the hard palate including teeth number 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17. The presented defect situation corresponded to a Class I situation (resection performed along the palatalmidline according to the Aramany classification of defects. The surgical site showed complete healing. A hollow-bulb obturator was fabricated for rehabilitation of the defect. Conclusion: The extensive surgical procedures necessary to eradicate cancer of the head and neck and to prevent local recurrence or regional metastasis often leave extremely large physical defects which present almost insurmountable surgical difficulties in restoring acceptable function or esthetics. The prosthesis rehabilitated the patient in terms of function by providing better masticatory efficiency, phonetics by adding resonance to the voice, hence improving the clarity of speech and also improved the esthetics of the patient. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v10i4.12976 JCMS Nepal 2014; 10(4:32-36

  7. Treatment of surgical site infections (SSI) IN patients with peripheral arterial disease: an observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Slegt, Jasper; Kluytmans, Jan A J W; de Groot, Hans G W; van der Laan, Lijckle

    2015-02-01

    The management of surgical site infections (SSI's) in vascular surgery has been challenging over the years. To assess the outcomes associated with the various strategies, we performed a review of all SSI's after elective vascular procedures in patients with moderate to severe peripheral arterial disease in a single centre hospital. All patients with a SSI after peripheral vascular surgery were retrieved from a database on Surgical site infections (SSI)-surveillance after vascular surgery between March 2009 and January 2012. At admission, all patients were approached by microbiological wound sampling and empirical start of antibiotics. Further wound management was based on personal experience and preference of the attending vascular surgeon. Endpoints were treatment success (complete wound healing while staying alive and without major amputation), survival and major amputation during one year follow up. A total of 40 patients with a SSI were identified (60% superficial SSI and 40% deep SSI). In 92% of the patients with a superficial SSI's were successfully treated with adjusted antibiotics and incisional drainages. In the contrast, 25% of the patients with deep-SSI's were successfully treated. No particular treatment was more successful than the others. Adjusted antibiotic use and adequate wound drainage are sufficient strategies for superficial SSI management. The management of deep-SSI's is a challenging undertaking and future research on indications and timing of these wide arrays of treatment options is suggested. Copyright © 2015 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Surgical treatment of a chronically fixed lateral patella dislocation in an adolescent patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinning Li

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Acute patellar dislocation or subluxation is a common cause for knee injuries in the United States and accounts for 2% to 3% of all injuries. Up to 49% of patients will have recurrent subluxations or dislocations. Importance of both soft tissue\t(predominantly,\tthe medial patellofemoral ligament, MPFL, which is responsible for 60% of the resistance to lateral dislocation and bony constraint of femoral trochlea in preventing subluxation and dislocation is well documented. Acute patella dislocation will require closed reduction and management typically consist of conservative or surgical treatment depending on the symptoms and recurrence of instability. Most patients are diagnosed and treated in a timely manner. We present a 15 years old male with a missed traumatic lateral patella dislocation during childhood. The patient presented as an adolescent with a chronically fixed lateral patella dislocation and was management with surgery. The key steps in the surgical reconstruction of this patient required first mobilizing the patella with a lateral retinacular release and V-Y lengthening of the shortened or contracted quadriceps tendon. Then a combination of MPFL reconstruction using the semi-tendinosis autograft, tibial tubercle osteotomy with anterio-medialization, and lateral facetectomy was performed. At the one-year follow-up, our patient had improved knee range of motion and decrease in pain. Chronically fixed lateral dislocated patella is a rare and complex problem to manage in older patients that will require a thorough work-up and appropriate surgical planning along with reconstruction.

  9. Results of surgical treatment of massive localized lymphedema in severely obese patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Cintra Júnior

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the importance of treatment of deformities caused by massive localized lymphedema (MLL in the severely obese. METHODS: in a period of seven years, nine patients with morbid obesity and a mean age of 33 years underwent surgical resection of massive localized lymphedema with primary synthesis. This is a retrospective study on the surgical technique, complication rates and improved quality of life. RESULTS: all patients reported significant improvement after surgery, with greater range of motion, ambulation with ease and more effective hygiene. Histological analysis demonstrated the existence of a chronic inflammatory process marked by lymphomonocitary infiltrate and severe tissue edema. We observed foci of necrosis, formation of microabscesses, points of suppuration and local fibrosis organization, and pachydermia. The lymphatic vessels and some blood capillaries were increased, depicting a framework of linfangiectasias. CONCLUSION: surgical treatment of MLL proved to be important for improving patients' quality of life, functionally rehabilitating them and optimizing multidisciplinary follow-up of morbid obesity, with satisfactory surgical results and acceptable complication rates, demonstrating the importance of treatment and awareness about the disease.

  10. Does Duration of Preoperative Sciatica Impact Surgical Outcomes in Patients with Lumbar Disc Herniation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farzad Omidi-Kashani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. In lumbar disc herniation, most authors recommend nonoperative treatment for the first few weeks of presentation, but what about the upper limit of this golden period? The aim of this study is to assess the effect of preoperative sciatica duration on surgical outcome of lumbar disc herniation. Methods. We retrospectively evaluated 240 patients (124 males and 116 females with a mean age of 36.4±5.9 years (range 16 to 63 surgically treated due to primary stable L4-L5 disc herniation. The patients were placed into two groups: with more and less than 12-month duration of preoperative sciatalgia. Disability and pain were measured by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS. Wilcoxon test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. Results. Total mean duration of preoperative sciatalgia and follow-up period were 13.3 months (range 2 to 65 and 33.7±5.1 months (range 24 to 72, respectively. Comparison between the groups showed that duration of preoperative sciatalgia either less or more than 12 months did not affect the surgical outcomes significantly. Conclusions. More or less than 12-month duration of preoperative sciatalgia may not affect the surgical outcomes of simple lumbar disc herniation in the patients undergoing discectomy.

  11. Usefulness of administrative databases for risk adjustment of adverse events in surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigo-Rincón, Isabel; Martin-Vizcaíno, Marta P; Tirapu-León, Belén; Zabalza-López, Pedro; Abad-Vicente, Francisco J; Merino-Peralta, Asunción; Oteiza-Martínez, Fabiola

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of clinical-administrative databases for the development of risk adjustment in the assessment of adverse events in surgical patients. The study was conducted at the Hospital of Navarra, a tertiary teaching hospital in northern Spain. We studied 1602 hospitalizations of surgical patients from 2008 to 2010. We analysed 40 comorbidity variables included in the National Surgical Quality Improvement (NSQIP) Program of the American College of Surgeons using 2 sources of information: The clinical and administrative database (CADB) and the data extracted from the complete clinical records (CR), which was considered the gold standard. Variables were catalogued according to compliance with the established criteria: sensitivity, positive predictive value and kappa coefficient >0.6. The average number of comorbidities per study participant was 1.6 using the CR and 0.95 based on CADB (p<.0001). Thirteen types of comorbidities (accounting for 8% of the comorbidities detected in the CR) were not identified when the CADB was the source of information. Five of the 27 remaining comorbidities complied with the 3 established criteria; 2 pathologies fulfilled 2 criteria, whereas 11 fulfilled 1, and 9 did not fulfil any criterion. CADB detected prevalent comorbidities such as comorbid hypertension and diabetes. However, the CABD did not provide enough information to assess the variables needed to perform the risk adjustment proposed by the NSQIP for the assessment of adverse events in surgical patients. Copyright © 2015. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U.

  12. Impact of surgical delay on outcomes in elderly patients undergoing emergency surgery: A single center experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marc; Ong; Tan; Yu; Guang; Tan; Kok; Yang

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To determine predisposing factors leading to surgical delay in elderly patients with acute abdominal conditions and its impact on surgical outcomes.METHODS: A retrospective review of a total of 144 patients aged 60 years and older who had undergone emergency abdominal surgery between 2010 and 2013 at a regional general hospital was analysed. The operations analysed were limited to perforated or gangrenous viscus and strangulated hernia. Patient demographic features, time taken to obtain a computed tomography scan, time taken to surgery and the impact on postoperative morbidity and mortality were analysed.RESULTS: The mean age was 70.5 ± 9.1 years and median time taken to surgery was 9 h. The overall mortality and complication rates(Clavien Dindo 3 and above) were 9% and 13.1% respectively. Diabetes mellitus was a significant predisposing factor which had an impact on surgical delays. Delays in surgery more than 24 h led to higher complication rates at 38.9%(P = 0.003), with multivariate analysis confirming it as an independent factor. Delays in obtaining a computed tomography(CT) scan was also shown to result in higher complication rates(Clavien Dindo 3 and above).CONCLUSION: Delays in performing emergency surgery in elderly lead to higher complication rates. Obtaining CT scans early also may facilitate prompt diagnosis of certain abdominal emergencies where presentation is more equivocal and this may lead to improved surgical outcomes.

  13. Surgical History of Sleep Apnea in Pediatric Patients with Chiari Type 1 Malformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pomeraniec, Isaac Jonathan; Ksendzovsky, Alexander; Yu, Pearl L; Jane, John A

    2015-10-01

    Sleep apnea represents a relative indication for posterior fossa decompression in pediatric patients with Chiari malformation type 1. Duraplasty was associated with improvement of sleep apnea in 100% of patients and dural splitting with improvement in 50% of patients. Duraplasty and dural splitting were associated with a similar reduction in tonsillar herniation on radiographic imaging of 58% (37% excluding tonsillectomy) and 35%, respectively. Longitudinal follow-up studies of patients with either neurologic deficits or severe symptoms will further elucidate the natural history of Chiari malformation type 1 and more appropriately gauge the risk-benefit tradeoff of surgical intervention.

  14. Optimizing Patient Preparation and Surgical Experience Using eHealth Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waller, Amy; Forshaw, Kristy; Carey, Mariko; Robinson, Sancha; Kerridge, Ross; Proietto, Anthony; Sanson-Fisher, Rob

    2015-09-01

    With population growth and aging, it is expected that the demand for surgical services will increase. However, increased complexity of procedures, time pressures on staff, and the demand for a patient-centered approach continue to challenge a system characterized by finite health care resources. Suboptimal care is reported in each phase of surgical care, from the time of consent to discharge and long-term follow-up. Novel strategies are thus needed to address these challenges to produce effective and sustainable improvements in surgical care across the care pathway. The eHealth programs represent a potential strategy for improving the quality of care delivered across various phases of care, thereby improving patient outcomes. This discussion paper describes (1) the key functions of eHealth programs including information gathering, transfer, and exchange; (2) examples of eHealth programs in overcoming challenges to optimal surgical care across the care pathway; and (3) the potential challenges and future directions for implementing eHealth programs in this setting. The eHealth programs are a promising alternative for collecting patient-reported outcome data, providing access to credible health information and strategies to enable patients to take an active role in their own health care, and promote efficient communication between patients and health care providers. However, additional rigorous intervention studies examining the needs of potential role of eHealth programs in augmenting patients' preparation and recovery from surgery, and subsequent impact on patient outcomes and processes of care are needed to advance the field. Furthermore, evidence for the benefits of eHealth programs in supporting carers and strategies to maximize engagement from end users are needed.

  15. Should Immunomodulation Therapy Alter the Surgical Management in Patients With Rectovaginal Fistula and Crohn's Disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narang, Rahul; Hull, Tracy; Perrins, Steven; Garcia, Jose Sebastian; Wexner, Steven D

    2016-07-01

    Rectovaginal fistula in Crohn's disease is challenging for both healthcare providers and patients. The impact of immunomodulation therapy on healing after surgery is unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine whether immunomodulation therapy impacts healing after surgery for rectovaginal fistula in Crohn's disease. This was a retrospective analysis with a follow-up telephone survey. The study was conducted at two major tertiary referral centers. All of the patients who underwent rectovaginal fistula repair from 1997 to 2013 at our centers were included. A χ test and logistical regression analysis were used to study treatment outcomes according to type of procedure, recent use of immunosuppressives, and number of previous attempted repairs. Age, BMI, smoking, comorbidities, previous vaginal delivery/obstetric injury, use of probiotics, diverting stoma, and use of seton were also analyzed. A total of 120 (62%) patients were contacted, and 99 (51%) of them agreed to participate in the study. Mean follow-up after surgical repair was 39 months. Procedures included advancement flap (n = 59), transvaginal repair (n = 14), muscle interposition (n = 14), episioproctotomy (n = 6), sphincteroplasty (n = 3), and other (n = 3); overall, 63% of patients experienced healing. Sixty-eight patients underwent recent immunomodulation therapy but did not exhibit statistical significance in outcome after surgical repair. In the subset of patients with fistula related to obstetric injury, a 74% (n = 26) healing rate after surgical repair was observed. Age, BMI, diabetes mellitus, use of steroids, probiotics, seton before repair, fecal diversion, and number of repairs did not affect healing. This was a retrospective analysis; the high volume tertiary referral inflammatory bowel disease centers studied may not be reflective of rectovaginal fistula presentation, treatment, or results in all patients, and the 3-year follow-up may not be sufficiently long. Despite a relatively low

  16. Patient-reported outcome measures after routine periodontal and implant surgical procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Wah Ching; Krishnaswamy, Gita; Ong, Marianne M A; Lang, Niklaus P

    2014-06-01

    To compare patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after different dental surgical procedures over a 1-week post-surgical period and in relation to duration of the surgery, and periosteal releasing incisions. To evaluate the prevalence of post-surgical complications. Four hundred and sixty-eight healthy dental patients requiring surgeries, such as crown lengthening (CL), open flap debridement (OFD) and implant installation (IMP) in the National Dental Centre, Singapore (2009-2011), were consecutively recruited. PROMs on bleeding, swelling, pain and bruising were obtained using Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) on days 0, 3, 5 and 7 post-operatively. On the day of surgery, the IMP procedure gave the lowest median VAS for all four PROM parameters. After a week, OFD still had a significantly higher VAS for swelling, pain and bruising. Patients who underwent procedures lasting more than 60 min. had higher VAS for all parameters except bleeding. After considering other important confounders, type of surgery procedure was no longer associated with the VAS score for any of the parameters. Time after surgery, male gender and shorter surgery duration reduced post-operative VAS for one or more of the parameters. Longer surgeon experience helps reduce VAS scores only for bleeding. Prevalence for tenderness to palpation was 11.6%, 8.9% and 12.2% for IMP, CL and OFD, respectively, 1-week post-operatively. Swelling and suppuration occurred rarely. The median VAS scores for all PROM parameters were generally low and reduced to near zero over a week following all three surgical procedures tested. Time after surgery and shorter surgery duration were associated with lower VAS scores in all the PROM parameters in this cohort of patients. Surgery type was not associated significantly with VAS after adjustment with other important confounders. Low prevalences of post-surgical complications were reported. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Management of paroxysmal atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia in the critically ill surgical patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirton, O C; Windsor, J; Wedderburn, R; Gomez, E; Shatz, D V; Hudson-Civetta, J; Komanduri, S; Civetta, J M

    1997-05-01

    Paroxysmal atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia is an infrequently encountered supraventricular arrhythmia that continues to present difficult management problems in the critically ill surgical patient. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new treatment algorithm involving the sequential administration of different classes of antiarrhythmic agents until conversion to sinus rhythm was achieved. Nonrandomized, consecutive, protocol-driven descriptive cohort. University hospital surgical and trauma intensive care unit (ICU). During an 11-month period, we prospectively evaluated all hemodynamically stable patients who sustained new-onset atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia. Vagal maneuver, followed by the rapid, sequential infusion of antiarrhythmic agents (i.e., adenosine, verapamil, and esmolol, respectively) until the arrhythmia was terminated. Twenty-seven patients (4% of all admissions) were evaluated, including 16 trauma patients (injury Severity Score of 20 +/- 8) and 11 general surgical patients (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score of 17 +/- 7). Time from ICU admission to onset of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia was 4.5 +/- 5 days (median 2.5). Arrhythmia termination was achieved in all patients within minutes (mean 13 +/- 10 [SD]). Incremental sequential adenosine administration alone, however, was successful in affecting conversion to sinus rhythm in only 44% of initial episodes of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (95% confidence interval 21% to 67%). A total of 14 (52%) patients developed 38 relapses of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in the ICU after initial conversion to sinus rhythm. These relapses required additional antiarrhythmic therapy. Adenosine was only effective in 34% of the relapses (95% confidence interval 17% to 53%). Seven (50%) of these 14 patients developed multiple relapses. However, only two patients were receiving suppressive calcium-channel or

  18. Definition of major bleeding in clinical investigations of antihemostatic medicinal products in surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulman, S; Angerås, U; Bergqvist, D; Eriksson, B; Lassen, M R; Fisher, W

    2010-01-01

    The definition of major bleeding varies between studies on surgical patients, particularly regarding the criteria for surgical wound-related bleeding. This diversity contributes to the difficulties in comparing data between trials. The Scientific and Standardization Committee (SSC), through its subcommittee on Control of Anticoagulation, of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis has previously published a recommendation for a harmonized definition of major bleeding in non-surgical studies. That definition has been adopted by the European Medicines Agency and is currently used in several non-surgical trials. A preliminary proposal for a parallel definition for surgical studies was presented at the 54(th) Annual Meeting of the SSC in Vienna, July 2008. Based on those discussions and further consultations with European and North American surgeons with experience from clinical trials a definition has been developed that should be applicable to all agents that interfere with hemostasis. The definition and the text that follows have been reviewed and approved by relevant co-chairs of the subcommittee and by the Executive Committee of the SSC. The intention is to seek approval of this definition from the regulatory authorities to enhance its incorporation into future clinical trial protocols.

  19. Possible applications of melatonin in the treatment of patients with surgical diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Sedov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the widespread introduction of minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques in abdominal surgery there was a question - what are their physiological differences from operations withapproach by laparotomy. The study of these differences, mechanisms and their correction allows you to bring the results of operations with open approach to the laparoscopic. However, the possibility of an effective systemic exposure, allowing adapting body reaction to surgical procedures remains unresolved. To date, the use of melatonin in surgical practice is based on its functions as a neurotransmitter that can potentiate some natural protective reaction of the body. The paper analyzes the effects of melatonin, you can use as a biological adaptogenic control which generally acts as a trigger to launch a diver-seprocesses, including reparative ones in the body. The use of adaptive mechanisms initiated by melatonin in response to surgical trauma and tumor processes can be successfully applied to improve the results of surgical treatment of patients with surgical diseases operated as open and laparoscopic access.

  20. Prevalence and management of colorectal neoplasia in surgically treated esophageal cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Daisuke; Koide, Naohiko; Komatsu, Daisuke; Suzuki, Akira; Miyagawa, Shinichi

    2015-05-01

    The existence of other primary tumors during the treatment of esophageal cancer patients has been an important issue. Our aim is to investigate the prevalence and management of colorectal neoplasia (CRN) in surgically treated esophageal cancer patients. Between 2002 and 2008, 93 patients with esophageal cancer were surgically treated. Seventy-three patients underwent subtotal esophagectomy and 20 underwent lower esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Colonoscopy was available for detecting CRN before and after surgery. Eighty-nine (95.7%) of the 93 patients were screened by colonoscopy preoperatively or within a year from the operation. Thirty-nine patients (43.8%) with CRN were synchronously identified: adenoma in 34 (38.2%) and adenocarcinoma in 5 patients (5.6%). Eleven adenomas with high grade-dysplasia and 8 adenomas with low grade-dysplasia were removed endoscopically. Three superficial adenocarcinomas were endoscopically removed before surgery, and 2 adenocarcinomas were surgically removed. Seventy-four patients (83.1%) were followed using colonoscopy, and 11 subsequent CRN, including 2 superficial adenocarcinomas, were endoscopically detected in 8 patients (10.8%). The size of esophageal cancer was larger in the patients with than without CRN (p = 0.036). The body mass index in esophageal cancer patients with CRN tended to be higher than in those without CRN (p = 0.065). We noted that esophageal cancer is frequently associated with synchronous and/or metachronous colorectal cancer and adenomas. Colonoscopy is useful to detect and manage CRN before and after esophagectomy, although a few limitations exist. Copyright © 2015 IJS Publishing Group Limited. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. ICU fire evacuation preparedness in London: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, G R F; Foot, C

    2011-05-01

    Hospital fires present a sporadic but significant threat to patients and staff. This is especially so within an intensive care unit (ICU) setting, due to the complexity of moving acutely unwell patients reliant on invasive monitoring and organ support. Despite an average of 500 in-hospital fires reported to the UK department of health per annum, causing 65 injuries and 1-2 fatalities, the readiness of ICUs for urgent evacuation has not been assessed. A cross-sectional survey of all 50 adult and paediatric ICUs within the London Postgraduate Deanery was conducted; neonatal units were excluded. The senior nurse at each unit was asked to complete a 90-question structured questionnaire, covering unit patient characteristics, design, equipment, training, and their evacuation plan. Thirty-five of 50 (70%) responded within 2 months of the study. Significant weaknesses were reported in unit design, equipment, and planning. Unit design was compromised by inadequate fire doors (20%), ventilation cut-outs (17%), and escape routes (up to 60%). The ability to evacuate multiple patients simultaneously may be limited by a lack of portable monitoring equipment (49% of beds) and emergency drug supplies (20% of beds). Evacuation plans were often limited in their scope (96% expected to remain on their floor; 14% had plans to obtain medications after evacuation), and not rehearsed (60%). Staff training, while well provided for permanent staff, is less so for temporary staff (34%). Forward planning for an urgent evacuation can be improved.

  2. Active evacuation guidance using sensor agent robot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ise, Daiki; Mita, Akira

    2012-04-01

    Evacuation systems for buildings are designed based on event scenarios, so they are not prepared for unexpected events that are not included in the scenarios. In this paper, we propose a new active evacuation guidance system using sensor agent robots. We first introduce a Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system to be used in conjunction with sensor agent robots for active evacuation guidance. Then the role of sensor agent robots is explained. An algorithm to immediately access the safety of the building after a large earthquake is also proposed using only the information taken by a sensor agent robot.

  3. Effect of extradural blockage upon glucose and urea kinetics in surgical patients

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    Shaw, J.H.; Galler, L.; Holdaway, I.M.; Holdaway, C.M.

    1987-09-01

    We have determined the metabolic effects induced by the use of extradural blockage with 0.5 per cent bupivacaine hydrochloride in a group of surgical patients. Turnover rates of glucose and urea were determined isotopically using radioisotopes and studies were performed both in the basal state and during total parenteral nutrition. In the basal state, extradural blockade resulted in a decrease in the turnover rates of both glucose and urea. In addition, when extradural blockade was instituted while the patients were receiving total parenteral nutrition, there was also a significant fall in glucose turnover. We conclude that the use of extradural blockade is effective as a means of conserving bodily resources in surgical patients both in the basal state and during total parenteral nutrition.

  4. Effect of surgical methods of cholecystectomy on immunity and stress reaction in patients with gallstones

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng-Gang Li

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To observe the effect of the selection of surgical methods of cholecystectomy on the immunity and stress reaction in patients with gallstones.Methods:A total of 150 patients with gallstones merged with cholecystitis who were admitted in our hospital from February, 2013 to May, 2015 for cholecystectomy were included in the study and divided into LC group and MC group with 75 cases in each group. The patients in LC group were performed with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, while the patients in MC group were performed with mini-incision cholecystectomy. The related indicators of immunological function and stress reaction in the two groups were compared.Results:The immunological functions 1d after operation in the two groups were reduced, and the reduced degree of CD3+ and CD4+ in MC group was more significant (P0.05).Conclusions:LC and MC have their own advantages and disadvantages. The two surgical methods have small effects on the immunological function, but MC has a great effect on the postoperative stress reaction; therefore, during the treatment process, the surgical method should be selected according to the patients practical physical conditions.

  5. Effect of non-surgical periodontal treatment on chronic kidney disease patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilana Paula Carillo Artese

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Chronic kidney disease (CKD is a debilitating systemic condition. Our working hypothesis is that CKD predialysis patients with periodontitis would respond poorly to periodontal treatment owing to immunologic compromise. Twenty-one predialysis patients (group 1 and 19 individuals without clinical evidence of kidney disease (group 2 with chronic periodontitis were subjected to non-surgical periodontal treatment with no antibiotics. Clinical periodontal and systemic parameters were evaluated at baseline and 3 months after treatment. Both groups showed significant and similar post-treatment improvements in all periodontal parameters examined. Most interestingly, periodontal treatment had a statistically significant positive effect on the glomerular filtration rate of each individual (group 1, p = 0.04; group 2, p = 0.002. Our results indicate that chronic periodontitis in predialysis kidney disease patients improved similarly in patients with chronic periodontitis and no history of CKD after receiving non-surgical periodontal therapy. This study demonstrates that CKD predialysis patients show a good response to non-surgical periodontal treatment.

  6. General anesthesia-associatedDNA damage in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of surgical patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Haiyan; Zhou Qi; Fu Huo

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate retrospectively the effect of general anesthesia onDNA damage in the blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of surgical patients in order to provide evidence for a better nursing care during the procedure.Methods: Clinical charts of76 patients who underwent operation under general anesthesia and76 healthy control subjects with documented results of DNA damage extent inPBMCs from the single-cell gel electrophoresis(SCGE) or comet assay and serum contents of superoxide dismutase(SOD) and malondialdehyde(MDA)from biochemical analyses were reviewed. The percentage of comet PBMCs and tailDNAand serum contents of SOD and MAD were analyzed by student t-test.Results: Compared with healthy control subjects, generally anesthetized surgical patients had significantly higher % cometPBMCs and % tail DNA(P<0.05) and significantly lower serum concentrations ofSOD (P<0.05) and significantly higher serum concentrations ofMAD (P<0.05). Compared with levels before general anesthesia in surgical patients, % cometPBMCs, % tailDNA, and serum levels ofMADwere significantly higher (P<0.05 or0.01), and serum levels ofSOD were significantly lower (P<0.05), after general anesthesia.Conclusions: General anesthesia during surgery causes a certain degree of hypoxia and PBMC damage. Particular attention should be paid to monitoring and maintenance of blood oxygen saturation in patients undergoing surgery under general anesthesia.

  7. Effect of non-surgical periodontal treatment on chronic kidney disease patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artese, Hilana Paula Carillo; Sousa, Celso Oliveira de; Luiz, Ronir Raggio; Sansone, Carmelo; Torres, Maria Cynésia Medeiros de Barros

    2010-01-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a debilitating systemic condition. Our working hypothesis is that CKD predialysis patients with periodontitis would respond poorly to periodontal treatment owing to immunologic compromise. Twenty-one predialysis patients (group 1) and 19 individuals without clinical evidence of kidney disease (group 2) with chronic periodontitis were subjected to non-surgical periodontal treatment with no antibiotics. Clinical periodontal and systemic parameters were evaluated at baseline and 3 months after treatment. Both groups showed significant and similar post-treatment improvements in all periodontal parameters examined. Most interestingly, periodontal treatment had a statistically significant positive effect on the glomerular filtration rate of each individual (group 1, p = 0.04; group 2, p = 0.002). Our results indicate that chronic periodontitis in predialysis kidney disease patients improved similarly in patients with chronic periodontitis and no history of CKD after receiving non-surgical periodontal therapy. This study demonstrates that CKD predialysis patients show a good response to non-surgical periodontal treatment.

  8. The role of the intensive care unit in the management of the critically ill surgical patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuthbertson, B H; Webster, N R

    1999-10-01

    Surgical patients make up 60-70% of the work load of intensive care units in the UK. There is a recognised short fall in the resource allocation for high dependency units (HDUs) and intensive care units (ICUs) in this country, despite repeated national audits urging that this resource be increased. British ICUs admit patients later and with higher severity of illness scores than elsewhere and this leads to higher ICU mortality. How can this situation be improved? Scoring systems that allow selection of appropriate patients for admission to ICU and avoid inappropriate admission are still in development. Pre-operative admission and optimisation in ICU is rare in this country despite increasing evidence to support this practice in high risk surgical patients. Early admission to ICU, with potential improvement in outcomes, could also be achieved using multi-disciplinary medical emergency teams. These teams would be alerted by ward staff in response to set specific conditions and physiological criteria. These proposals are still under trial but may offer benefit by reducing mortality in critically ill surgical patients.

  9. Double-balloon enteroscopy reliably directs surgical intervention for patients with small intestinal bleeding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mou-Bin Lin; Lu Yin; Jian-Wen Li; Wei-Guo Hu; Qian-Jian Qian

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate preoperative double-balloon enteroscopy for determining bleeding lesions of small intestine, thus directing selective surgical intervention.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 56 patients who underwent double-balloon enteroscopy to localize intestinal bleeding prior to surgical intervention, and compared enteroscopic findings with those of intraoperation to determine the accuracy of enteroscopy in identifying and localizing the sites of small intestinal bleeding.RESULTS: Double-balloon enteroscopy was performed in all 56 patients in a 30-mo period. A possible site of blood loss was identified in 54 (96%) patients. Enteroscopy provided accurate localization of the bleeding in 53 (95%) of 56 patients, but failed to disclose the cause of bleeding in 4 (7%). There was one case with negative intraoperative finding (2%). Resection of the affected bowel was carried out except one patient who experienced rebleeding after operation. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) was most frequently diagnosed (55%).CONCLUSION: Double-balloon enteroscopy is a safe, reliable modality for determining bleeding lesion of small intestine. This technique can be used to direct selective surgical intervention.

  10. Individual and social concerns in American surgical education: paying patients, prepaid health insurance, Medicare and Medicaid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Shea, John S

    2010-05-01

    The education of the U.S. surgeon was traditionally based on a system in which surgeons-in-training cared for a population of largely indigent patients in a setting of graded responsibility. To ensure an ethically appropriate bargain, senior surgeons served as mentors, assumed ultimate responsibility for the patient, and supervised the surgical care of the ward patient by the surgical trainee. During the 20th century, changes in health care financing challenged this comfortable accommodation between charity care and medical education. As others have also written, the introduction of prepaid health insurance plans such as Blue Cross/Blue Shield in the early third of the century, the rapid expansion of employment-based health benefits during World War II, and the enactment of the Medicare and Medicaid legislation under Titles XVIII and XIX of the Social Security Act all contributed to a dramatic reduction in hospital ward (i.e., service) populations. The tension between education and patient care remains incompletely resolved; the proper balance between supervision and graded responsibility for the resident is ultimately worked out on an individual basis. Newer issues facing U.S. surgical education, including the justifiable demand for greater transparency, are likely to upset this suspended truce and lead to renewed discussions about such fundamental concepts as the definition of the resident and the role of the patient in the education of future surgeons.

  11. Risk factors of surgical site infections in patients with Crohn's disease complicated with gastrointestinal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Kun; Ren, Jianan; Li, Guanwei; Hu, Qiongyuan; Wu, Xiuwen; Wang, Zhiwei; Wang, Gefei; Gu, Guosheng; Ren, Huajian; Hong, Zhiwu; Li, Jieshou

    2017-05-01

    Surgical site infection (SSI) is the most common complication following surgical procedures. This study aimed to determine risk factors associated with SSI in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) complicated with gastrointestinal fistula. This was a retrospective review of patients who underwent surgical resection in gastrointestinal fistula patients with CD between January 2013 and January 2015, identified from a prospectively maintained gastrointestinal fistula database. Demographic information, preoperative medication, intraoperative findings, and postoperative outcome data were collected. Univariate and multivariate analysis was carried out to assess possible risk factors for SSI. A total of 118 patients were identified, of whom 75.4% were men, the average age of the patients was 34.1 years, and the average body mass index (BMI) was 18.8 kg/m(2). The rate of SSI was 31.4%. On multivariate analysis, preoperative anemia (P = 0.001, OR 7.698, 95% CI 2.273-26.075), preoperative bacteria present in fistula tract (P = 0.029, OR 3.399, 95% CI 1.131-10.220), and preoperative enteral nutrition (EN) fistula tract, and preoperative EN fistula complicated with CD. Preoperative identification of these risk factors may assist in risk assessment and then to optimize preoperative preparation and perioperative care.

  12. Malnutrition risk predicts surgical outcomes in patients undergoing gastrointestinal operations: Results of a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Judy W C; Wu, Arthur H W; Lee, Michelle W K; Lau, So-ying; Lam, Pui-shan; Lau, Wai-shan; Kwok, Sam S S; Kwan, Rosa Y H; Lam, Cheuk-fan; Tam, Chun-kit; Lee, Suk-on

    2015-08-01

    Patients undergoing gastrointestinal operations are at risk of malnutrition which may increase the chance of adverse surgical outcomes. This prospective study aimed at correlating nutritional status of patients having gastrointestinal operations with their short-term surgical outcomes captured by a territory-wide Surgical Outcomes Monitoring and Improvement Program. The preoperative malnutrition risk of Chinese adult patients undergoing elective/emergency ultra-major/major gastrointestinal operations in two surgical departments over a 12-month period were assessed by Chinese version of Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool. Their perioperative risk factors and clinical outcomes, including length of hospital stay, mortality and morbidity, were retrieved from the above mentioned program. Correlation of malnutrition risk with clinical outcomes was assessed by logistic regression analysis after controlling for known confounders. 943 patients (58% male; mean age 65.9 ± 14.8 years) underwent gastrointestinal operations (40.3% emergency operation; 52.7% ultra-major procedures; 66.9% bowel resections) had analyzable data. 15.8% and 17.1% of patients were at medium and high risk of malnutrition, respectively. Malnutrition risk score according to the screening tool was an independent predictor of length of hospital stay, 30-day mortality, 60-day mortality and minor medical complications. Similar correlations were found for various sub-scores of malnutrition risk. Weight loss sub-score was predictive of 30-day mortality, 60-day mortality and minor medical complications. Body mass index was predictive of mortality (30- and 60- day) whereas the acute disease sub-score was predictive of length of hospital stay. Preoperative malnutrition was an important predictor of poor clinical outcomes in patients undergoing gastrointestinal operations in Hong Kong. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.

  13. Prevalence and Determinants of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Surgical Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Shoar

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Mood disorders are prevalent in hospitalized patients. However, risk factors for early diagnosis have not been studied exclusively in surgical patients. Our study aimed to investigate the prevalence and determinants of depression and anxiety symptoms in surgical patients. Methods: We included 392 surgical patients in this prospective cross-sectional study, which took place between June 2011 and June 2012. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS was used to screen for symptoms of depression and anxiety at weekly interviews. Regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for early (the day after admission and late (one week or more in-hospital psychiatry symptoms. Results: Depression and anxiety symptoms increased from the time of admission toward longer hospital stay. Scores obtained in the second and third weeks of admission were associated with the need for surgery while HADS in the third week was associated with lack of familial support and being under the poverty line (p < 0.050. Regression model analysis showed that early depression was associated with female gender, and early anxiety was inversely affected by female gender and protected by higher education level. A history of mood disorder was a risk factor. Later anxiety was also associated with longer hospital stay. Conclusions: Depression and anxiety symptoms are a major concern in surgical patients especially in females and those with a history of mood disorders or lower educational level. Patients with a longer hospital stay, in particular, those with underlying diseases, postoperative complications, lack of familial support, and the need for reoperation were also at increased risk.

  14. Adherence to the use of the surgical checklist for patient safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Cristina Sanches Maziero

    Full Text Available Objective: Evaluate adherence to the checklist of the Programa Cirurgias Seguras (safe surgery programme at a teaching hospital. Methods: Evaluative study conducted at a teaching hospital in the south of Brazil in 2012. Data were collected by means of non-participant observation in 20 hip and knee replacement surgeries and an instrument that was created for research based on the checklist and used by the institution. Results: In the observed procedures (n = 20 there was significant adhesion (p<0.05 to the instrument in relation to the verification of documentation, fasting, hair removal in the surgical site, absence of nail varnish and accessories, identification of the patient and surgical site on admission to the surgical unit, availability of blood and functionality of materials. However, there was no significant adherence to the checklist in the operating room in relation to patient identification, procedure and laterality, team introduction, surgical break and materials count. Conclusion: The results showed that the items on the checklist were verified nonverbally and there was no significant adherence to the instrument.

  15. Detection of serum cytokines before and after pharmacological and surgical treatment in patients with cystic echinococcosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naik, M I; Tenguria, R K; Haq, E

    2016-01-01

    Human cystic echinococcosis (CE), caused by Echinococcus granulosus, is one of the most important and widespread parasitic zoonoses. One of the problems that can be encountered after treating CE patients is the risk of post-surgical relapses or treatment failure, thus a long-term clinical and serological follow-up is required to evaluate the success or failure of therapy. In the present study immunological markers have been identified to indicate the effectiveness of pharmacological and surgical treatments. The relationship between serum cytokine levels and the outcome of chemotherapy and surgery was evaluated in 50 patients with CE. Serum interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10 and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) concentrations were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) before and after pharmacological and surgical treatment. Serum cytokine levels of IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-γ were elevated in a significant proportion of patients during the active stage of disease. IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-γ were measurable in 41 (82%), 37 (74%) and 25 (50%) patients before the treatment. Clinical and radiological assessment of patients 2 years after pharmacological treatment has shown that 48 of 50 patients responded to treatment. IL-4 and IL-10 levels were decreased significantly (P< 0.05) in these patients. Conversely, patients who did not respond showed high levels of IL-4 and IL-10 and undetectable levels of IFN-γ. Hence these results suggest that serum IL-4 and IL-10 detection may be useful in the follow-up of patients with CE.

  16. Surgical patients' and nurses' opinions and expectations about privacy in care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akyüz, Elif; Erdemir, Firdevs

    2013-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the opinions and expectations of patients and nurses about privacy during a hospital admission for surgery. The study explored what enables and maintains privacy from the perspective of Turkish surgical patients and nurses. The study included 102 adult patients having surgery and 47 nurses caring for them. Data were collected via semistructured questionnaire by face-to-face interviews. The results showed that patients were mostly satisfied by the respect shown to their privacy by the nurses but were less confident of the confidentiality of their personal data. It was found that patients have expectations regarding nursing approaches and attitudes about acknowledging and respecting patient autonomy and confidentiality. It is remarkable that while nurses focused on the physical dimension of privacy, patients focused on informational and psychosocial dimensions of privacy, as well as its physical dimension.

  17. is misoprostol a suitable alternative to the surgical evacuation of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-11-06

    Nov 6, 2013 ... Gynaecology, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, PMB 7004, ... Staff Nurse Midwife, Ihunanya Clinic, Ekeakpara, Osisioma Ngwa Local Government Area, Abia State, Nigeria ... require trained providers, special equipment, sterile ... incomplete abortion, inevitable and missed abortion ... good health.

  18. Room evacuation through two contiguous exits

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    Sticco, I M; Dorso, C O

    2016-01-01

    Current regulations demand that at least two exits should be available for a safe evacuation during a panic situation. Although the "faster is slower" effect is expected to take place near the exits, the evacuation time will improve because of the additional exits. However, rooms having contiguous doors not always reduce the leaving time as expected. We investigated the relation between the doors separation and the evacuation performance. We found that there exists a separation distance range that does not really improve the evacuation time, or it can even worsen the process performance. To our knowledge, no attention has been given to this issue in the literature. This work reports how the pedestrians dynamics differ when the separation distance between two exit doors changes and how this affects the overall performance.

  19. [Comparison between clinical and surgical-pathological TNM staging in patients with lung cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Bo; Wang, Tianyou; Gong, Min; Lv, Kejie; Tian, Feng; Wang, Zhicheng

    2005-02-20

    The accuracy of clinical TNM staging correlates with appropriate treatment in patients with lung cancer. The aim of this study is to evaluate the agreement between clinical and surgical-pathological staging in patients with lung cancer and analyze its cause in detail. One hundred and fifty patients with lung cancer treated surgically from 2000 were enrolled randomly. Clinical and surgical-pathological staging of them were made respectively according to the International System for Staging Lung Cancer newly revised by UICC. Then concordance was determined between the two staging results with Kappa value, and difference in coincident rate was analyzed among subgroups of T staging. For T staging, the agreement was excellent (Kappa value=0.729), however, the coincident rate of T3 or T4 was significantly lower than that in T1 or T2 group (P conformity of TNM staging (Kappa value=0.287). Clinical T staging based on CT can indicate the location and size of primary tumor precisely. But the borderline may be difficult to estimate when tumor site is near chest wall or mediastinum, so some patients with clinical T4 still have chances to receive complete resection. The conformity of N staging is rather poor. The key point to improve the accuracy of clinical TNM staging should be to seek more reliable techniques for evaluating N status.

  20. Higher Plasma Pyridoxal Phosphate Is Associated with Increased Antioxidant Enzyme Activities in Critically Ill Surgical Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chien-Hsiang Cheng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Critically ill patients experience severe stress, inflammation and clinical conditions which may increase the utilization and metabolic turnover of vitamin B-6 and may further increase their oxidative stress and compromise their antioxidant capacity. This study was conducted to examine the relationship between vitamin B-6 status (plasma and erythrocyte PLP oxidative stress, and antioxidant capacities in critically ill surgical patients. Thirty-seven patients in surgical intensive care unit of Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, were enrolled. The levels of plasma and erythrocyte PLP, serum malondialdehyde, total antioxidant capacity, and antioxidant enzyme activities (i.e., superoxide dismutase (SOD, glutathione S-transferase, and glutathione peroxidase were determined on the 1st and 7th days of admission. Plasma PLP was positively associated with the mean SOD activity level on day 1 (r=0.42, P<0.05, day 7 (r=0.37, P<0.05, and on changes (Δ (day 7 − day 1 (r=0.56, P<0.01 after adjusting for age, gender, and plasma C-reactive protein concentration. Higher plasma PLP could be an important contributing factor in the elevation of antioxidant enzyme activity in critically ill surgical patients.

  1. Lived experiences and challenges of older surgical patients during hospitalization for cancer: An ethnographic fieldwork

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the lived experiences of older surgical patients’ (aged 74 years and older experienced challenges during a brief admission to hospital. Age, gender, polypharmacy, and the severity of illness are also factors known to affect the hospitalization process. For an ethnographic study using participant observation and interviews, surgical cancer patients (n = 9, aged 74 years and older were recruited during admission to a Danish teaching hospital. Using ethnographic strategies of participant observation and interviews, each patient was followed through the course of 1 day during their stay at the hospital. Interviews were carried out with all patients during this time. Three areas of concern were identified as prominent in the patients’ experiences and challenges during their short hospital stay: teeth and oral cavity, eating in a hospital setting, and medication during hospitalization. Short-term hospitalization requires focused collaboration between staff and patient concerning individual challenges from their teeth and oral cavity as support of nutritional needs during surgical treatment for cancer.

  2. The effect of patch testing on surgical practices and outcomes in orthopedic patients with metal implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atanaskova Mesinkovska, Natasha; Tellez, Alejandra; Molina, Luciana; Honari, Golara; Sood, Apra; Barsoum, Wael; Taylor, James S

    2012-06-01

    To determine the effect of patch testing on surgical decision making and outcomes in patients evaluated for suspected metal hypersensitivity related to implants in bones or joints. Medical chart review. Tertiary care academic medical center. All patients who had patch testing for allergic contact dermatitis related to orthopedic implants. Patch testing. The surgeon's preoperative choice of metal implant alloy compared with patch testing results and the presence of hypersensitivity complications related to the metal implant on postsurgical follow-up. Patients with potential metal hypersensitivity from implanted devices (N = 72) were divided into 2 groups depending on timing of their patch testing: preimplantation (n = 31) and postimplantation (n = 41). History of hypersensitivity to metals was a predictor of positive patch test results to metals in both groups. Positive patch test results indicating metal hypersensitivity influenced the decision-making process of the referring surgeon in all preimplantation cases (n = 21). Patients with metal hypersensitivity who received an allergen-free implant had surgical outcomes free of hypersensitivity complications (n = 21). In patients who had positive patch test results to a metal in their implant after implantation, removal of the device led to resolution of associated symptoms (6 of 10 patients). The findings of this study support a role for patch testing in patients with a clinical history of metal hypersensitivity before prosthetic device implantation. The decision on whether to remove an implanted device after positive patch test results should be made on a case-by-case basis, as decided by the surgeon and patient.

  3. Emergency evacuation system for mines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAN Qing-yi; BUDIMAN Jeff; SHEN Jay

    2011-01-01

    There are many potential hazards in the underground mining these include fire,explosion,inundation,roof collapse,toxic gases,chemical pollution,etc.Over past centuries,in US alone,more than 100 000 miners lost their life in different accidents.The primary safety methods used in underground mines concentrate on the monitoring of the hazardous gases,fire detection and ventilation.Using advanced instruments and monitoring techniques have significantly reduced the accidents in the modem mines.However despite the advancement of these monitoring facilities,accidents still occur in underground mining annually in the world,and many miners were killed because they were trapped and unable to escape due to blocked of exit access.Described a new development for the emergency evacuation system in underground mines and analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of the system.It is expected that the new system will greatly improve the emergency exit methods and save more lives in the future.

  4. Surgical repair of chronic complete hamstring tendon rupture in the adult patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, M J; Vandersluis, R; Wood, D; Banff, M

    1998-01-01

    Complete rupture of the hamstring tendons in the adult is a rare injury. This report discusses complete rupture of the hamstring tendons in nine patients treated by late operative repair. All patients were referred from outside centers for a second opinion after failed nonoperative treatment. The diagnosis was made quite easily on clinical grounds and was confirmed at surgery. Surgical treatment in all cases consisted of reattachment of the hamstring tendons to the origin on the ischium, and in all cases it was necessary to perform neurolysis of the sciatic nerve. Good results were achieved in all cases, at follow-up all patients were satisfied with the surgery.

  5. Optimization of the extent of surgical treatment in patients with stage I in cervical cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chernyshova, A. L.; Lyapunov, A. Yu., E-mail: Lyapunov1720.90@mail.ru [Tomsk Cancer Research Institute, Kooperativny Street 5, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation); Kolomiets, L. A. [Tomsk Cancer Research Institute, Kooperativny Street 5, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation); Siberian State Medical University, Moskovsky Trakt 2, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation); Sinilkin, I. G.; Chernov, V. I. [Tomsk Cancer Research Institute, Kooperativny Street 5, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation); Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenin Avenue 30, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation)

    2016-08-02

    The study included 26 patients with FIGO stage Ia1–Ib1 cervical cancer who underwent fertility-sparing surgery (transabdominaltrachelectomy). To visualize sentinel lymph nodes, lymphoscintigraphy with injection of 99mTc-labelled nanocolloid was performed the day before surgery. Intraoperative identification of sentinel lymph nodes using hand-held gamma probe was carried out to determine the radioactive counts over the draining lymph node basin. The sentinel lymph node detection in cervical cancer patients contributes to the accurate clinical assessment of the pelvic lymph node status, precise staging of the disease and tailoring of surgical treatment to individual patient.

  6. Optimization of the extent of surgical treatment in patients with stage I in cervical cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernyshova, A. L.; Kolomiets, L. A.; Sinilkin, I. G.; Chernov, V. I.; Lyapunov, A. Yu.

    2016-08-01

    The study included 26 patients with FIGO stage Ia1-Ib1 cervical cancer who underwent fertility-sparing surgery (transabdominaltrachelectomy). To visualize sentinel lymph nodes, lymphoscintigraphy with injection of 99mTc-labelled nanocolloid was performed the day before surgery. Intraoperative identification of sentinel lymph nodes using hand-held gamma probe was carried out to determine the radioactive counts over the draining lymph node basin. The sentinel lymph node detection in cervical cancer patients contributes to the accurate clinical assessment of the pelvic lymph node status, precise staging of the disease and tailoring of surgical treatment to individual patient.

  7. Impact of medical therapy on patients with Crohn’s disease requiring surgical resection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, YT Nancy; Hong, Thomas; Round, Andrew; Bressler, Brian

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the impact of medical therapy on Crohn’s disease patients undergoing their first surgical resection. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated all patients with Crohn’s disease undergoing their first surgical resection between years 1995 to 2000 and 2005 to 2010 at a tertiary academic hospital (St. Paul’s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada). Patients were identified from hospital administrative database using the International Classification of Diseases 9 codes. Patients’ hospital and available outpatient clinic records were independently reviewed and pertinent data were extracted. We explored relationships among time from disease diagnosis to surgery, patient phenotypes, medication usage, length of small bowel resected, surgical complications, and duration of hospital stay. RESULTS: Total of 199 patients were included; 85 from years 1995 to 2000 (cohort A) and 114 from years 2005 to 2010 (cohort B). Compared to cohort A, cohort B had more patients on immunomodulators (cohort A vs cohort B: 21.4% vs 56.1%, P < 0.0001) and less patients on 5-aminosalysilic acid (53.6% vs 29.8%, P = 0.001). There was a shift from inflammatory to stricturing and penetrating phenotypes (B1/B2/B3 38.8% vs 12.3%, 31.8% vs 45.6%, 29.4% vs 42.1%, P < 0.0001). Both groups had similar median time to surgery. Within cohort B, 38 patients (33.3%) received anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agent. No patient in cohort A was exposed to anti-TNF agent. Compared to patients not on anti-TNF agent, ones exposed were younger at diagnosis (anti-TNF vs without anti-TNF: A1/A2/A3 39.5% vs 11.8%, 50% vs 73.7%, 10.5% vs 14.5%, P = 0.003) and had longer median time to surgery (90 mo vs 48 mo, P = 0.02). Combination therapy further extended median time to surgery. Using time-dependent multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, patients who were treated with anti-TNF agents had a significantly higher risk to surgery (adjusted hazard ratio 3.57, 95%CI: 1.98-6.44, P < 0.0001) compared to those

  8. Comparative evaluation of two different vestibuloplasty surgical procedures in cleft patients: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Almeida, Ana Lúcia Pompéia Fraga; Pedro, Patrícia Franco; Kogawa, Evelyn Mikaela; Pereira, Tatiana; de Barros Carrilho, Guilherme Paes; Aiello, Carlos Alberto; Freitas, Patrícia Zambonato

    2005-07-01

    Patients with a cleft lip or palate often present alterations in the labial aspect of the ridge, resulting in a shallow vestibule. This study compares the results of two different surgical procedures on deepening of the labial sulcus. Ten patients with a cleft lip and palate were separated into two groups and underwent different vestibuloplasty procedures. An experimental group used a removable retention splint. Preoperative and 4-month postoperative sulcus heights were measured and analyzed statistically. No statistically significant differences could be detected between groups. The results indicated that to reach consistent results, a larger number of patients must be submitted to this evaluation.

  9. Evacuation Planning in the TMI Accident

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    about 6:50 a.m., radiation alarms began sounding in the reactor machine shop , and operators declared a Site Emergency. Notification and Response The Shift...technical information and offer guidance on protective actions. But because PEMA itself was often receiving secondhand 68 VI Risk County Evacuation...Articles to take along when evacuating. These lists generally included: glasses, prescription medicines, bedding, clothing (for a specified number of

  10. Emergency evacuation of Tehran city: simulation results

    OpenAIRE

    Joueiai, M.; Van Lint, J.W.C.; Hoogendoorn, S.P.; Pouya, N.

    2014-01-01

    Tehran is capital of Iran in wide metropolitan area. Large-scale disasters such as earthquakes in such a city cause many casualties and economical damage. One of the most effective risk mitigation actions in such disasters is emergency evacuation. This paper evaluates the dynamics of the vehicular traffic of Tehran under an evacuation condition. The main arterials of the city of Tehran are simulated by a macroscopic traffic flow simulation model (FastLane). The dynamics of traffic in the netw...

  11. Retrospective patient-reported assessment of quality of life after surgical release for de Quervain tenosynovitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorg, Heiko

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Evaluation of the quality of life following surgical release of the first extensor compartment in adult patients with de Quervain disease. Patients and methods: This retrospective study included hospital chart review and patient-reported outcome assessment using the German version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH Outcome Measure and the validated German Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ. Results: A total of 46 patients underwent a surgical release of the first extensor compartment for de Quervain disease. Postoperative German MHQ was 78±4. Postoperative DASH score was 19±5. Satisfaction with surgery was rated positive in 85%, and 89% would undergo the procedure again. Patients with a transversal incision line had a DASH result of 11±6 and a German MHQ score of 83±7, patients with a longitudinal incision had a DASH score of 22±9 and a German MHQ score of 80±6. The patients pain level after transversal incision was markedly lower (resting pain=0.4±0.3; stress pain=1.0±0.6 than in patients operated with a longitudinal incision (resting pain=2.4±0.9; stress pain=3.1±1.1. Conclusion: The surgical approach for the treatment of de Quervain disease is associated with a high postoperative quality of life, a low postoperative morbidity and a low level of postoperative pain. A transversal incision is associated with better postoperative results than the longitudinal approach.

  12. Evacuation decision-making: process and uncertainty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mileti, D.; Sorensen, J.; Bogard, W.

    1985-09-01

    The purpose was to describe the processes of evacuation decision-making, identify and document uncertainties in that process and discuss implications for federal assumption of liability for precautionary evacuations at nuclear facilities under the Price-Anderson Act. Four major categories of uncertainty are identified concerning the interpretation of hazard, communication problems, perceived impacts of evacuation decisions and exogenous influences. Over 40 historical accounts are reviewed and cases of these uncertainties are documented. The major findings are that all levels of government, including federal agencies experience uncertainties in some evacuation situations. Second, private sector organizations are subject to uncertainties at a variety of decision points. Third, uncertainties documented in the historical record have provided the grounds for liability although few legal actions have ensued. Finally it is concluded that if liability for evacuations is assumed by the federal government, the concept of a ''precautionary'' evacuation is not useful in establishing criteria for that assumption. 55 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.

  13. Managed traffic evacuation using distributed sensor processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Biswas, Subir

    2005-05-01

    This paper presents an integrated sensor network and distributed event processing architecture for managed in-building traffic evacuation during natural and human-caused disasters, including earthquakes, fire and biological/chemical terrorist attacks. The proposed wireless sensor network protocols and distributed event processing mechanisms offer a new distributed paradigm for improving reliability in building evacuation and disaster management. The networking component of the system is constructed using distributed wireless sensors for measuring environmental parameters such as temperature, humidity, and detecting unusual events such as smoke, structural failures, vibration, biological/chemical or nuclear agents. Distributed event processing algorithms will be executed by these sensor nodes to detect the propagation pattern of the disaster and to measure the concentration and activity of human traffic in different parts of the building. Based on this information, dynamic evacuation decisions are taken for maximizing the evacuation speed and minimizing unwanted incidents such as human exposure to harmful agents and stampedes near exits. A set of audio-visual indicators and actuators are used for aiding the automated evacuation process. In this paper we develop integrated protocols, algorithms and their simulation models for the proposed sensor networking and the distributed event processing framework. Also, efficient harnessing of the individually low, but collectively massive, processing abilities of the sensor nodes is a powerful concept behind our proposed distributed event processing algorithms. Results obtained through simulation in this paper are used for a detailed characterization of the proposed evacuation management system and its associated algorithmic components.

  14. ARKTOS full-scale evacuation tests

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seligman, B.; Hatfield, P. [ARKTOS Developments Ltd., Surrey, BC (Canada); Bercha, F. [Bercha Group, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2008-09-15

    The ARKTOS amphibious vehicle can be used for evacuation operations in both open water and ice conditions. It is approved as an evacuation system by various regulators, such as the United States Coast Guard, and is operational in several marine cold regions as an escape, evacuation, and rescue (EER) system. An EER research project was performed in 2006 that provided a general reliability evaluation of the ARKTOS system. However, the project did not have the benefit of detailed full-scale tests in order to validate the associated computer model in drill or non-life threatening evacuation conditions. This paper described a follow-up set of full-scale evacuation tests designed to provide more detailed information and validation data for the reliability that the computer model described in the 2006 research project. A description and photographic illustrations of the ARKTOS system were presented. The tests and subsequent analyses were described. Specifically, the paper described the observations, and presented the statistical results from the data collected, and compared observed results with predicted results of a probabilistic EER simulation computer model. Conclusions and recommendations for reliability improvements were also provided. It was concluded that under the benign conditions, the drill performance was satisfactory in all aspects, both in the evacuation activities and the rescue or de-boarding activities. 3 refs., 1 tab., 17 figs.

  15. [The perception of surgical nursing caregivers regarding care given to patients with mental disorder].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacchini, Annie Jeanninne Bisso; Noal, Helena Carolina; Padoin, Stela Maris de Mello; Terra, Marlene Gomes

    2009-09-01

    The following study aimed to understand the meanings on the discourse of a Nursing Surgical team regarding the care given to patients with mental disorders submitted to surgical procedures. For such comprehension, a theoretical-philosophical referential by Maurice Merleau-Ponty has been examined. Concerning a methodological approach Paul Ricouer's hermeneutics has been used. Eight nursing caregivers from a public hospital in southern Brazil were interviewed from August to September 2008. The results showed the necessity of stimulating nursing caregivers in the reflective process in acting, thinking, and observing care given to patients with mental disorder; as well as to offer emotional support for them. The caregivers displayed the necessity of understanding the human being receiving care in order to be able to give thorough care as a being-in-the-world.

  16. Surgical treatment and management of the severely burn patient: Review and update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gacto-Sanchez, P

    Since one of the main challenges in treating acute burn injuries is preventing infection, early excising of the eschar and covering of the wound becomes critical. Non-viable tissue is removed by initial aggressive surgical debridement. Many surgical options for covering the wound bed have been described, although split-thickness skin grafts remain the standard for the rapid and permanent closure of full-thickness burns. Significant advances made in the past decades have greatly improved burns patient care, as such that major future improvements in survival rates seem to be more difficult. Research into stem cells, grafting, biomarkers, inflammation control, and rehabilitation will continue to improve individualized care and create new treatment options for these patients. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y SEMICYUC. All rights reserved.

  17. The use of finger-stick blood to assess lactate in critically ill surgical patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabat, Joseph; Gould, Scott; Gillego, Ezra; Hariprashad, Anita; Wiest, Christine; Almonte, Shailyn; Lucido, David J; Gave, Asaf; Leitman, I Michael; Eiref, Simon D

    2016-09-01

    Using finger-stick capillary blood to assess lactate from the microcirculation may have utility in treating critically ill patients. Our goals were to determine how finger-stick capillary lactate correlates with arterial lactate levels in patients from the surgical intensive care unit, and to compare how capillary and arterial lactate trend over time in patients undergoing resuscitation for shock. Capillary whole blood specimens were obtained from finger-sticks using a lancet, and assessed for lactate via a handheld point-of-care device as part of an "investigational use only" study. Comparison was made to arterial blood specimens that were assessed for lactate by standard laboratory reference methods. 40 patients (mean age 68, mean APACHEII 18, vasopressor use 62%) were included. The correlation between capillary and arterial lactate levels was 0.94 (p < 0.001). Capillary lactate measured slightly higher on average than paired arterial values, with a mean difference 0.99 mmol/L. In patients being resuscitated for septic and hemorrhagic shock, capillary and arterial lactate trended closely over time: rising, peaking, and falling in tandem. Clearance of capillary and arterial lactate mirrored clinical improvement, normalizing in all patients except two that expired. Finger-stick capillary lactate both correlates and trends closely with arterial lactate in critically ill surgical patients, undergoing resuscitation for shock.

  18. New method of surgical treatment of patients with recurrent ingrown nail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kondulukov A.N.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the surgical treatment of ingrown nail in patients with recurrent disease. The advantages of a new method of operation have been explained in the article. It gives a detailed description of the operation. The clinical and additional methods of research have confirmed the fact that a new operation reduces the wound healing period and the number of ingrown nail recurrences

  19. Contractile function of the myocardium with prolonged hypokinesia in patients with surgical tuberculosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakutayeva, V. P.; Matiks, N. I.

    1978-01-01

    The changes in the myocardial contractile function with hypokinesia in surgical tuberculosis patients are discussed. The phase nature of the changes is noted, specifically the changes in the various systoles, diastole, and other parts of the cardiac cycle. The data compare these changes during confinement in bed with no motor activity to and with a return to motor activity after leaving the in-bed regimen.

  20. Essential Oils for Complementary Treatment of Surgical Patients: State of the Art

    OpenAIRE

    Susanna Stea; Alina Beraudi; Dalila De Pasquale

    2014-01-01

    Aromatherapy is the controlled use of plant essences for therapeutic purposes. Its applications are numerous (i.e., wellbeing, labour, infections, dementia, and anxiety treatment) but often they have not been scientifically validated. The aim of the present study is to review the available literature to determine if there is evidence for effectiveness of aromatherapy in surgical patients to treat anxiety and insomnia, to control pain and nausea, and to dress wound. Efficacy studies of lavende...

  1. Assessment of malnutrition in hip fracture patients: effects on surgical delay, hospital stay and mortality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Symeonidis, Panagiotis D; Clark, David

    2006-08-01

    The importance of malnutrition in elderly hip fracture patients has long been recognised. All patients operated upon for a hip fracture over a five-year period were assessed according to two nutritional markers : a) serum albumin levels and b) peripheral blood total lymphocyte count. Patients were subdivided into groups according to the four possible combinations of these results. Outcomes according to four clinical outcome parameters were validated: a) waiting time to operation b) length of hospitalisation, c) in-hospital mortality, and d) one-year postoperative mortality. Significant differences were found between malnourished patients and those with normal laboratory values with regard to surgical delay and one year postoperative mortality. Malnourished patients were also more likely to be hospitalised longer than a month and to die during their hospital stay, but the difference was not significant. The combination of serum albumin level and total lymphocyte count can be used as an independent prognostic factor in hip fracture patients.

  2. Surgical cytoreduction in recurrent ovarian carcinoma in patients with complete response to paclitaxel-platinum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gronlund, Bo; Lundvall, L; Christensen, Ib Jarle;

    2005-01-01

    tumour, was no longer significantly associated with survival. CONCLUSIONS: Complete tumour resection following secondary cytoreductive surgery is associated with improved survival in selected groups of patients with recurrent ovarian cancer. However, other clinical factors than surgical cytoreduction......AIM: The objective was to analyse the impact of secondary cytoreductive surgery in patients with recurrent ovarian carcinoma. METHODS: Retrospective review of 572 consecutive patients with primary ovarian carcinoma. Thirty-eight patients with intraabdominal/pelvic recurrence consisted the study...... group. Clinical variables affecting tumour resectability and survival were evaluated. RESULTS: Complete tumour resection was obtained in 42% of patients. A solitary tumour recurrence was independently associated with complete tumour resection (p=0.009). Median survival for patients with complete...

  3. Transcatheter Versus Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement in Patients With Severe Aortic Valve Stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyregod, Hans Gustav; Steinbrüchel, Daniel Andreas; Ihlemann, Nikolaj

    2015-01-01

    outcome was the composite rate of death from any cause, stroke, or myocardial infarction (MI) at 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 280 patients were randomized at 3 Nordic centers. Mean age was 79.1 years, and 81.8% were considered low-risk patients. In the intention-to-treat population, no significant...... difference in the primary endpoint was found (13.1% vs. 16.3%; p = 0.43 for superiority). The result did not change in the as-treated population. No difference in the rate of cardiovascular death or prosthesis reintervention was found. Compared with SAVR-treated patients, TAVR-treated patients had more......BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an option in certain high-risk surgical patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. It is unknown whether TAVR can be safely introduced to lower-risk patients. OBJECTIVES: The NOTION (Nordic Aortic Valve Intervention Trial) randomized...

  4. Clinical characteristics and surgical treatment of patients with giant intracranial aneurysms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QI Wei; WANG Shuo; ZHAO Yuan-li; YANG Hai-bo; ZHAO Ji-zong

    2008-01-01

    Background Compared with smaller aneurysms,giant intracranial aneurysms (GICAs) have a poorer prognosis and require more meticulous surgical planning and techniques to exclude them from the circulation.GICAs continue to challenge the limits of neurosurgical techniques.A series of 170 patients with GICAs were reviewed for understanding the clinical characteristics.surgical treatment and outcomes of patients with GICAs.Methods Collected data of 170 consecutive patients with GICAs from January 1995 to July 2007 were analyzed.The clinicaI Characteristics in this study included age,sex,intracranial aneurysms size,the first presentations,locations and Hunt & Hess grade.Surgical methods included direct clipping of the aneurysm neck,parent artery reconstruction,proximal artery ligation,trapping and wrapping.Surgical results were evaluated postOperatively by the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS).Results GICAs were more commonly diagnosed at age 30 to 50 years with a mean age of 39.3 years and without obvious gender preponderance in our study (88 male and 82 female patients).The size of the GlCAs ranged from 2.5 cm to 8.0 cm(mean,2.9 cm).Hemorrhage (41%),mass effect (34%) and headache (12%) were the first 3 most common presentations.Regarding the Hunt & Hess classification,at admission there were 1 00 cases in grade 0,24 in grade 1,21 in grade 2,16 in grade 3,8 in grade 4 and 1 in grade 5.There were 84 cases of GICAs treated by direct neck-clipping,47 by parent artery reconstruction,19 by proximal artery occlusion(with 4 combined with reVascuIarization),18 by trapping and 2 by wrapping.The follow-up study (ranging from 6 to 115 months,mean 32 months)showed good results in 108 cases.moderate disability in 26 and severe disability in 15 according to GOS.Six cases died.Conclusions Surgical treatment is an effective treatment for GICAs.SurgicaI strategies should be made carefully and individually.Doppler ultrasonography,neuroendoscope and intraoperative angiography are useful to

  5. Perioperative Care Coordination Measurement: A Tool to Support Care Integration of Pediatric Surgical Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, Lynne R; Ziniel, Sonja I; Antonelli, Richard C

    2016-03-01

    The relationship of care coordination activities and outcomes to resource utilization and personnel costs has been evaluated for a number of pediatric medical home practices. One of the first tools designed to evaluate the activities and outcomes for pediatric care coordination is the Care Coordination Measurement Tool (CCMT). It has become widely used as an instrument for health care providers in both primary and subspecialty care settings. This tool enables the user to stratify patients based on acuity and complexity while documenting the activities and outcomes of care coordination. We tested the feasibility of adapting the CCMT to a pediatric surgical population at Boston Children's Hospital. The tool was used to assess the preoperative care coordination activities. Care coordination activities were tracked during the interval from the date the patient was scheduled for a surgical or interventional procedure through the day of the procedure. A care coordination encounter was defined as any task, whether face to face or not, supporting the development or implementation of a plan of care. Data were collected to enable analysis of 5675 care coordination encounters supporting the care provided to 3406 individual surgical cases (patients). The outcomes of care coordination, as documented by the preoperative nursing staff, included the elaboration of the care plan through patient-focused communication among specialist, facilities, perioperative team, and primary care physicians in 80.5% of cases. The average time spent on care coordination activities increased incrementally by 30 minutes with each additional care coordination encounter for a surgical case. Surgical cases with 1 care coordination encounter took an average of 35.7 minutes of preoperative care coordination, whereas those with ≥4 care coordination encounters reported an average of 121.6 minutes. We successfully adapted and implemented the CCMT for a pediatric surgical population and measured nonface

  6. Results of surgical treatment of cervical cancer patients of childbearing age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. S. Navruzova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The world marked increase in the incidence of cervical cancer in young women, especially from 29 to 45 years old. Analysis showed that in patients with preserved ovarian function, not only the effectiveness of the treatment, but also the quality of life. It is associated with the acceleration, earlier puberty and the onset of sexual activity. In recent years more and more widely used radical surgery with preservation of the ovaries and the abduction of the radiation castration and preservation of reproductive function. In the National Cancer Research Centre of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan analyzed the results of surgical treatment of 204 patients with cervical cancer younger. Age of patients from 23 to 45 years, that is, in the most hard-working, reproductive period. In our study patients met principally with exophytic – 82 (40.2 % and 68 (33.3 % еndophytic growth cervical tumors. Histological in 197 (96.6 % patients with squamous cervical cancer patients with 7 (3.4%. Adenocarcinoma of cervical cancer. Handard examination of the patient are further adapted to determine the level of sex hormones (estradiol, progesterone, determination of the tumor marter CA-125 levels of calcium and phosphate in the blood. 112 patients from the main group and the combined complex therapy surgical treatment with organ-component (conservation and ovarian transposition. The first group included 112 (55.1 % patients, who as part of combination therapy was performed and complex surgical treatment of ovarian transposition. The second group included 92 (44.9% patients who as part of combination therapy and complex surgery performed without ovarian transposition. Each group was divided into 3 subgroup included patients with stage process T1b–2aN0M0. Which performs the combined radiotherapy. The second subgroups included patients with stage process that runs systemic chemotherapy, surgery, combined radiotherapy. The third group included

  7. Regional anaesthesia to improve pain outcomes in paediatric surgical patients: a qualitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suresh, S; Schaldenbrand, K; Wallis, B; De Oliveira, G S

    2014-09-01

    Summary The development of analgesic interventions in paediatric surgical patients is often limited by the inherent difficulties of conducting large randomized clinical trials to test interventions in those patients. Regional anaesthesia is a valid strategy to improve postoperative pain in the adult surgical population, but the effects of regional anaesthesia on postoperative pain outcomes in paediatric patients are currently not well defined. The main objective of the current review was to systematically evaluate the use of regional anaesthesia techniques to minimize postoperative pain in paediatric patients. A systematic search was performed to identify randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of the regional anaesthesia techniques on postoperative pain outcomes in paediatric surgical patients' procedures. Seventy-three studies on 5125 paediatric patients were evaluated. Only few surgical procedures had more than one small randomized controlled trial favouring the use of regional anaesthesia to minimize postoperative pain (ophthalmological surgery, cleft lip repair, inguinal hernia, and urological procedures). Additional evidence is required to support the use of specific regional anaesthesia techniques to improve postoperative pain for several surgical procedures (craniectomy, adenotonsillectomy, appendectomy, cardiac surgery, umbilical hernia repair, upper and lower extremity) in paediatric patients. Currently, only a very limited number of regional anaesthesia techniques have demonstrated significant improvement on postoperative pain outcomes for a restricted number of surgical procedures. More studies are needed in order to establish regional anaesthesia as a valid strategy to improve analgesia in the paediatric surgical population.

  8. Utility of surgical lung biopsy in critically ill patients with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates: a retrospective review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donaldson, L H; Gill, A J; Hibbert, M

    2016-11-01

    There are conflicting reports regarding the role of surgical lung biopsies in patients who present to the intensive care unit (ICU) with unexplained respiratory failure and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates on imaging. To describe the utility of surgical lung biopsies in patients presenting to the ICU with unexplained respiratory failure and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. A retrospective cohort study was performed. All patients admitted to the ICU who underwent a surgical lung biopsy for the investigation of respiratory failure and unexplained pulmonary infiltrates between 1998 and 2012 were included. The primary outcome measures for this descriptive study were the biopsy histopathology, changes in patient management following biopsy and in-hospital mortality. A total of 30 patients was included in the review. Biopsies in 22 patients (73%) demonstrated diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), with 15 of these biopsies (50%) suggesting a specific underlying aetiology. In 73% of cases (n = 22), the biopsy finding was associated with a change in management, although this generally involved the escalation of an existing therapy rather than initiation of a new treatment. Biopsies were performed at a median 10 days after admission (interquartile range 5-17 days), with the majority of patients being treated empirically prior to the biopsy with systemic steroids and broad-spectrum antimicrobials. Mortality was 53%. In this series, DAD was the most frequent pathology. The biopsy result was associated with a change in management in a majority of the subjects, most frequently an escalation of prior empiric therapy. Mortality was high. © 2016 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.

  9. Dose Assessment and Considerations When a Radioactive Seed is Unrecoverable in a Breast Surgical Patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, Richard P

    2016-11-01

    Excision of non-palpable breast tumors in cancer patients has been routinely performed using surgical clips and wires placed under mammographic or ultrasound guidance. An alternative method exists for performing these surgeries without surgical wires and this approach has become more widely used at Oncology Centers in the United States. Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI) performs many of their breast surgeries with radioactive seeds and has enjoyed favorable outcomes along with an enhanced patient experience. There are some inherent difficulties with using radioactive seeds, and seed tracking can be a problem during surgical procedures. When a seed is misplaced, an extensive search is conducted in an effort to locate the misplaced seed. Every attempt to recover these radioactive seeds should be made unless patient safety is jeopardized. If the seed is unrecoverable, then a dose assessment must be performed and corrective action determined. It is important to have adequate policies and procedures in place to prevent these rare occurrences. They should be treated as a radioactive medical event.

  10. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PRONATION CONTRACTURE OF THE FOREARM IN PATIENTS WITH INFANTILE CEREBRAL PALSY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Владимир Александрович Новиков

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the work was to evaluate the efficiency of the existing methods of surgical treatment of pronation contracture of the forearm, the modification of the existing methods of treatment, the development of the indications for each specific method of treatment. Materials and methods. This study is based on a survey of children suffering from infantile cerebral palsy affecting the upper limbs. The main criterion for the patient selection was the presence of a fixed pronation contracture of the forearm, both isolated and combined with other contractures of the joints of the upper limb. Total 42 patients with spastic forms of cerebral palsy were examined. Results and conclusions. With age of the patient, the pronation contracture is usually increased, the contractures of the elbow and wrist joints may develop, which leads to the necessity for more and more radical operative techniques. Therefore, the early surgical treatment allows obtaining optimal results with its minimum scope. The investigation data gave an option to simplify, but to increase the efficiency of surgical treatment methods of pronation contractures in children with infantile cerebral palsy.

  11. Surgical, medical and developmental outcomes in patients with Down syndrome and cataracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santoro, Stephanie L; Atoum, Dema; Hufnagel, Robert B; Motley, William W

    2017-01-01

    Individuals with Down syndrome have an increased risk for congenital cataracts, but descriptions of surgical, medical and developmental outcomes are sparse. Retrospective review of medical charts of patients with Down syndrome with visits to Cincinnati Children's Hospital from 1988 to 2013 was performed. A case series of five patients with Down syndrome and cataracts is presented. A total of 47 patients with Down syndrome without cataracts were used as a developmental control. Developmental quotients were compared using an independent-sample, unequal variance t-test. Post-operative cataract complication rates ranged from 20% to 60%. Visual outcomes were varied; significant associations between complication rate and visual outcome were not found. Developmental quotients did not show an association with number of complications, but were lower for children with Down syndrome with cataracts requiring surgery compared to children with Down syndrome without cataracts. In children with Down syndrome and congenital cataract, surgical intervention has risk for post-operative complications. Further investigation is needed to determine if there is an association between surgical complications and visual or developmental outcomes.

  12. Changes in quality of life associated with surgical risk in elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Paola Severo; de Souza, Emiliane Nogueira; Rodrigues, Juliane; Moraes, Maria Antonieta

    2015-10-01

    The study aims to verify quality of life of elderly patients submitted to cardiac surgery, and correlating surgical risk to health-related quality of life instrument domains. Prospective cohort study, performed at a cardiology hospital. It included elderly patients who had undergone elective cardiac surgery. Pre- and postoperative quality of life was evaluated by applying the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Old (WHOQOL-OLD) scale and the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire. Surgical risk was stratified using the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE). Fifty-four patients, mostly men (64.8%), were included, with a mean age of 69.3 ± 5.7 years. The eight domains of the SF-36 questionnaire, and the four facets presented for the WHOQOL-OLD scale showed improved quality of life 6 months after surgery (P quality of life instruments. The data showed improved quality of life of elderly people submitted to cardiac surgery, unrelated to surgical risk.

  13. Planning of surgical treatment of upper extremity in patients with cerebral palsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Umnov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose - to devise the algorithm of patient examination with spastic hand to determine what the variant of surgical treatment is indicated. The variant of surgical treatment and it's results are depend on the cause of upper extremity deformation. Materials and methods. This study is based on a survey of children with cerebral palsy with lesions of the upper extremity. The main criterion for the selection of patients was the presence of the combined lesion of the upper extremity, where the cause of dysfunction hands are not only fixed contractures, but primary tonic. Was to survey 47 patients with spastic forms of cerebral palsy with the defeat of the upper limb, but the study group included only 26 of them in the ages of 7 to 18 years (average 12,1, as having the clinical picture both types of contractures. We have developed and applied a system of examinations, modeling expected outcome of selective neurotomy motor nerves of the upper limb, which allows to estimate the possible result of such treatment, and clearly differentiate tonic and fixed contracture. Results and conclusions. Based on the results of study we supposed that, using diagnostic blockade motor nerve at the period of planning surgical treatment help us to create temporary reversible model of selective neurotomy motor nerve branches and identify the type of contracture, degree of manifestation and functional perspective.

  14. Word search performance for diagnoses of equine surgical colics in free-text electronic patient records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estberg, L; Case, J T; Walters, R F; Cardiff, R D; Galuppo, L D

    1998-02-27

    The objectives of the current project were to: (1) identify limitations of search sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) for free-text surgical diagnoses included in electronic patient records maintained at the University of California, Davis, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital (VMTH), (2) develop procedural or programmable recommendations for removing these limitations, and (3) provide guidelines for effective search strategies for users performing aggregate searches using the VMTH clinical information system. Search sensitivity corresponds to detection sensitivity (the capacity of a search term to 'identify' a relevant document) and search PPV indicates the proportion of retrieved documents that are relevant. All horses submitted to the VMTH for a gastrointestinal (GI) disorder requiring surgical intervention in 1995 were identified using procedure codes for billing purposes and stored in the electronic patient record. Patient records and surgical reports were reviewed for causes of GI disorders, and variation in naming of these disorders. Key word searches were performed for four GI disorders, and search performance was evaluated by estimating search sensitivity and PPV. Search sensitivity ranged from 33% to 98%, and PPV ranged from 2% to 74%. The procedural recommendation that would likely have the greatest influence on minimizing these search limitations would be more uniform naming of GI disorders. This would free searchers from having to anticipate all of the exact word combinations that could be used in the relevant documents, and also minimize retrieval of irrelevant documents.

  15. Snoring Sounds Predict Obstruction Sites and Surgical Response in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Li-Ang; Lo, Yu-Lun; Yu, Jen-Fang; Lee, Gui-She; Ni, Yung-Lun; Chen, Ning-Hung; Fang, Tuan-Jen; Huang, Chung-Guei; Cheng, Wen-Nuan; Li, Hsueh-Yu

    2016-01-01

    Snoring sounds generated by different vibrators of the upper airway may be useful indicators of obstruction sites in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). This study aimed to investigate associations between snoring sounds, obstruction sites, and surgical responses (≥50% reduction in the apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] and DISE), and relocation pharyngoplasty. All patients received follow-up polysomnography after 6 months. Fifteen (42%) patients with at least two complete obstruction sites defined by DISE were significantly, positively associated with maximal snoring sound intensity (40–300 Hz; odds ratio [OR], 1.25, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05–1.49) and body mass index (OR, 1.48, 95% CI 1.02–2.15) after logistic regression analysis. Tonsil obstruction was significantly, inversely correlated with mean snoring sound intensity (301–850 Hz; OR, 0.84, 95% CI 0.74–0.96). Moreover, baseline tonsil obstruction detected by either DISE or mean snoring sound intensity (301–850 Hz), and AHI could significantly predict the surgical response. Our findings suggest that snoring sound detection may be helpful in determining obstruction sites and predict surgical responses. PMID:27471038

  16. Oral surgery in elderly patients: clinical/surgical considerations and risk assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Ribeiro Barros de Alencar

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The need for oral surgery has been considerably increasing in elderly population in order to allow the balance of their masticatory, aesthetic, and phonetic functions through adapting the oral tissues for the appropriate placement of the prosthetic devices, thereby impacting positively on the subject’s health. Objective: This article aimed to review the literature on both clinical and surgical considerations required to the satisfactory treatment of elderly patients in clinical routine practice, focusing particularly on cases whose treatment choice is a surgical procedure. Literature review: The most commonly performed surgeries in elderly patients, nowadays, are tooth extractions, pre-prosthetic surgeries and osseointegrated implants. Therefore, the physiological features inherent to such cases should be considered, especially those that involve the monitoring of glycemic and blood pressure levels, osteoporosis, medication use, and many other conditions demanding special attention for elderly patient treatment at dental office. Conclusion: Due to the fragility intrinsic to elderly individuals, the surgery at this stage of life requires caution in relation to a comprehensive clinical examination and also to a careful evaluation of the surgical risks in order to analyze the correct indication of the surgery and thereby to ensure patient’s well-being.

  17. Evacuation of a neonatal intensive care unit in a disaster: lessons from Hurricane Sandy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espiritu, Michael; Patil, Uday; Cruz, Hannaise; Gupta, Arpit; Matterson, Heideh; Kim, Yang; Caprio, Martha; Mally, Pradeep

    2014-12-01

    NICU patients are among those potentially most vulnerable to the effects of natural or man-made disaster on a medical center. The published data on evacuations of NICU patients in the setting of disaster are sparse. In October of 2012, New York University Langone Medical Center was evacuated during Hurricane Sandy in the setting of a power outage secondary to a coastal surge. In this setting, 21 neonates were safely evacuated from the medical center's NICU to receiving hospitals within New York City in a span of 4.5 hours. Using data recorded during the evacuation and from staff debriefings, we describe the challenges faced and lessons learned during both the power outage and vertical evacuation. From our experience, we identify several elements that are important to the functioning of an NICU in a disaster or to an evacuation that may be incorporated into future NICU-focused disaster planning. These include a clear command structure, backups (personnel, communication, medical information, and equipment), establishing situational awareness, regional coordination, and flexibility as well as special attention to families and to the availability of neonatal transport resources.

  18. Wall suction-assisted image-guided thoracentesis: a safe alternative to evacuated bottles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, H; Shyn, P B; Wu, L; Levesque, V M; Khorasani, R; Silverman, S G

    2017-10-01

    To compare the safety of evacuated bottle-assisted thoracentesis with wall suction-assisted thoracentesis. An institutional review board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant retrospective study of 161 consecutive patients who underwent 191 evacuated bottle-assisted thoracenteses from 1 January 2012 to 30 September 2012, and 188 consecutive patients who underwent 230 wall suction-assisted thoracenteses from 1 January 2013 to 30 September 2013 was conducted. All procedures used imaging guidance. Primary diagnosis, age, gender, total fluid volume removed, and adverse events (AE) up to 30 days post-procedure were recorded and graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events 4.0 (CTCAE)(2). Overall AE rates were 42.9% (82/191) for the evacuated bottle group and 19.6% (45/230) for the wall suction group (psuction group, [41.9% (80/191) and 18.3% (42/230)], respectively (psuction groups, respectively. No grade 4 or 5 AE occurred. Excluding transient chest pain and cough, there was no statistical difference in overall AE rate between the evacuated bottle and wall suction groups [11% (21/191) and 8.3% (19/230), p=0.4]. Image-guided thoracentesis performed with wall suction is safe when compared to evacuated bottles. The use of wall suction, in comparison to evacuated bottles, may decrease the incidence of transient chest pain or cough. Copyright © 2017 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Regional variation in critical care evacuation needs for children after a mass casualty incident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanter, Robert K

    2012-06-01

    To determine the ability of five New York statewide regions to accommodate 30 children needing critical care after a hypothetical mass casualty incident (MCI) and the duration to complete an evacuation to facilities in other regions if the surge exceeded local capacity. A quantitative model evaluated pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) vacancies for MCI patients, based on data on existing resources, historical average occupancy, and evidence on early discharges and transfers in a public health emergency. Evacuation of patients exceeding local capacity to the nearest PICU center with vacancies was modeled in discrete event chronological simulations for three scenarios in each region: pediatric critical care transport teams were considered to originate from other PICU hospitals statewide, using (1) ground ambulances or (2) helicopters, and (3) noncritical care teams were considered to originate from the local MCI region using ground ambulances. Chronology of key events was modeled. Across five regions, the number of children needing evacuation would vary from 0 to 23. The New York City (NYC) metropolitan area could accommodate all patients. The region closest to NYC could evacuate all excess patients to PICU hospitals in NYC within 12 hours using statewide critical care teams traveling by ground ambulance. Helicopters and local noncritical care teams would not shorten the evacuation. For other statewide regions, evacuation of excess patients by statewide critical care teams traveling by ground ambulance would require up to nearly 26 hours. Helicopter transport would reduce evacuation time by 40%-44%, while local noncritical care teams traveling by ground would reduce evacuation time by 16%-34%. The present study provides a quantitative, evidence-based approach to estimate regional pediatric critical care evacuation needs after an MCI. Large metropolitan areas with many PICU beds would be better able to accommodate patients in a local MCI, and would serve as a

  20. Assessment of high blood pressure patients in the third year’s Surgical Clinic of the Dentistry course at Cesumar

    OpenAIRE

    Menin, Cristiane; Bortoloto, Flávia Gongora; Gustavo Jacobucci FARAH; Filho, Liogi Iwaki; Iwaki, Lílian Cristina Vessoni; Leite, Pablo C. Comelli; Gentini, Raquel Forlani

    2007-01-01

    With the increase of arterial hypertension in the Brazilian population, it has become essential to point out to undergraduate students the need for a thorough clinical examination of patients, and the special care with high blood pressure patients, especially in a surgical clinic where complications may be severe. The objective of this work has been to assess the number of high blood pressure patients that come the Surgical Clinic of the Dentistry course of CESUMAR, and find out if these pati...

  1. Incidence and Predicted Risk Factors of Pressure Ulcers in Surgical Patients: Experience at a Medical Center in Taipei, Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Ling Fu Shaw; Pao-Chu Chang; Jung-Fen Lee; Huei-Yu Kung; Tao-Hsin Tung

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. To explore the context of incidence of and associated risk factors for pressure ulcers amongst the population of surgical patients. Methods. The initial study cohort was conducted with a total of 297 patients admitted to a teaching hospital for a surgical operation from November 14th to 27th 2006 in Taipei, Taiwan. The Braden scale, pressure ulcers record sheet, and perioperative patient outcomes free from signs and symptoms of injury related to positioning and related nursing interv...

  2. The Incidence of Fever in US Critical Care Air Transport Team Combat Trauma Patients Evacuated from the Theater between March 2009 and March 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    Trauma patients with fever Total IED 70 56 126 GSW 20 16 36 Rocket 18 7 25 Other 17 9 26 Fall 8 2 10 MVC 6 8 14 Shrapnel 4 1 5 Helicopter crash 3 1 4 Crush...1 9 10 Total 147 101 248 GSW, Gunshot wound; MVC , motor vehicle collision. RESEARCH/Minnick et al e104 JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY NURSING VOLUME 39 • ISSUE

  3. Factors affecting surgical mortality and morbidity in patients with obstructive jaundice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gönüllü, N N; Cantürk, N Z; Utkan, N Z; Yidirir, C; Dülger, M

    1998-01-01

    The importance of clinical and laboratory parameters which have an effect on postoperative mortality and morbidity was evaluated in 124 patients operated on because of obstructive jaundice. The causes of obstructive jaundice were a malign disease in 38 patients (30.6%) and a benign disease in 86 patients (69.4%). Biliary enteric anastomosis in 66 patients (53%), external drainage in 46 patients (37%), and cholecystectomy in 12 patients (10%) were the surgical techniques of choice for correction of obstructive jaundice. There were significantly high mortality rates in patients with weight loss, more than 10 kg during preoperative the month (p bilirubine above 10 mg/dl (p < 0.01) were determined as risk factors in mortality. Direct relationships between the number of risk factors, complications, and mortality ratios were determined. One or more complications were determined in patients with more than six risk factors. High mortality rate was also determined in patients who had five and more risk factors. The following factors were evaluated: respiratory, circulatory, renal functions, and infection, and metabolic concomitant diseases, and comorbid scores for each patient were calculated. High rate complications in patients with eight and more comorbid scores and high mortality rates in patients with six and more were also determined. Finally, all these parameters were important in demonstrating postoperative mortality in obstructive jaundice patients. We suggest that surgery after treatment of correctable risk factors decreases postoperative morbidity and mortality.

  4. Assessment of Medical-Surgical Patients' Perception of Hospital Noises and Reported Ability to Rest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locke, Christine L; Pope, Diana S

    The purpose was to determine if an enhanced privacy curtain (1) impacted ability to rest while hospitalized in the acute care setting and (2) improved patient satisfaction associated with environmental noise. The project evaluated a privacy curtain designed to increase speech privacy and intelligibility and reduce reverberation time (echo). The curtain was similar to the existing privacy curtain with 2 exceptions: the curtain panel had pocket inserts that absorbed sound, and curtain panels could be zipped together to reduce sound transmission through gaps. Curtains were evaluated on 2 medical-surgical units. Patients with at least 2 nights' stay and were alert and oriented without behavioral concerns were asked to complete a 12-item restful environment assessment. The project demonstrated some impact on ability to rest. One unit saw an increase in the patient experience sleep measure score and demonstrated a small increase in the patient's self- reported ability to rest during the day and night when using the enhanced curtain. Patients on medical-surgical units were bothered by the noises typically heard in those units. Small improvements in patient experience with the enhanced curtain were outweighed by cost and increased housekeeping and laundry staff workload.

  5. Using Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment to Develop a Patient Safety Curriculum for Surgical Residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKee, Rohini; Sussman, Andrew L; Nelson, M Timothy; Russell, John C

    2016-01-01

    The objective is to use qualitative and quantitative analysis to develop a patient safety curriculum for surgical residents. A prospective study of surgical residents using both quantitative and qualitative methods to craft a patient safety curriculum. Both a survey and focus groups were held before and 4 months after delivery of the patient safety curriculum. The University of New Mexico Hospital, a tertiary academic medical center. General surgery residents, postgraduate years 1 to 5 RESULTS: Qualitative and quantitative analysis revealed areas that required attention and thus helped to mold the curriculum. Qualitative analysis after delivery of the curriculum showed positive changes in attitudes and normative beliefs toward patient safety. Specifically, attitudes and approach to quality improvement and teamwork showed improvement. Survey analysis did not show any significant change in resident perception of the environment during the time frame of this study. Using qualitative analysis to uncover attitudinal barriers to a safe patient environment can help to enhance the relevance and content of a patient safety curriculum for general surgery residents. Copyright © 2016 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. THE STUDY OF RESULTS OF SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH VERTEBRAL-SPINAL TRAUMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Sh. Minasov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A study of the efficacy of medical rehabilitation of 170 patients with spinal-cord injury through the application of modern rehabilitation and surgical technologies was conducted. Patients of I (control group received standard set of conservative treatment and rehabilitation. Patients of II (main group the rehabilitation was supplemented with therapeutic exercises with the use of loop complex «Hope» and the rate of adaptation to the stress of hypoxia in the late period of injury. Patient of III (control group surgical treatment and the conventional range of rehabilitation were performed. Patients of IV (main group the rehabilitation was completed with early activation using espandernogo complex «Hope» and the rate of adaptation to the stress of hypoxia in the late period of injury. It is proved that the developed complex rehabilitation of patients with spinal-cord injury using an early stable functional osteosynthesis with the minimum extent necessary, the use of complex «Hope» can improve the functional results at the expense of early motor activation, preventing the formation of contractures and muscle atrophy. The use of adaptation to the stress of hypoxia in the late period of vertebro-spinal cord injury improves overall health, reduces the severity of autonomic reactions, emotional stress, can cut pain syndromes.

  7. Surgical Treatment Options for the Young and Active Middle-Aged Patient with Glenohumeral Arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Bhatia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The diagnosis and treatment of symptomatic chondral lesions in young and active middle-aged patients continues to be a challenging issue. Surgeons must differentiate between incidental chondral lesions from symptomatic pathology that is responsible for the patient's pain. A thorough history, physical examination, and imaging work up is necessary and often results in a diagnosis of exclusion that is verified on arthroscopy. Treatment of symptomatic glenohumeral chondral lesions depends on several factors including the patient's age, occupation, comorbidities, activity level, degree of injury and concomitant shoulder pathology. Furthermore, the size, depth, and location of symptomatic cartilaginous injury should be carefully considered. Patients with lower functional demands may experience success with nonoperative measures such as injection or anti-inflammatory pharmacotherapy. When conservative management fails, surgical options are broadly classified into palliative, reparative, restorative, and reconstructive techniques. Patients with lower functional demands and smaller lesions are best suited for simpler, lower morbidity palliative procedures such as debridement (chondroplasty and cartilage reparative techniques (microfracture. Those with higher functional demands and large glenohumeral defects will usually benefit more from restorative techniques including autograft or allograft osteochondral transfers and autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI. Reconstructive surgical options are best suited for patients with bipolar lesions.

  8. A review of surgical strategies for penile prosthesis implantation in patients with Peyronie's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anaissie, James; Yafi, Faysal A

    2016-06-01

    The introduction of the inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) has revolutionized the treatment of patients with both Peyronie's disease (PD) and erectile dysfunction (ED). A thorough literature review was performed in order to review the surgical strategies used to treat PD, using the PubMed online database with the keywords "penile prosthesis", "surgical management" and "Peyronie's disease". Patient satisfaction rates of 72-100% and partner satisfaction rates of 89% have been reported in the literature, although strong preoperative education may be needed to prepare patients for risks such as penile shortening, seen in up to 54% of patients. Three-piece IPPs are most commonly used, and when comparing the two most popular models (AMS 700 CX vs. Coloplast Titan), no significant differences were seen in functional outcomes or patient satisfaction. Simple insertion of an IPP has been shown to resolve curvature in 33-90% of patients, but surgeons may often need to also utilize ancillary straightening procedures for residual curvatures. Manual modeling can correct residual curvature with an 86-100% success rate, but with a 4% risk of urethral injury. When the post-modeling residual curvature exceeds 30 degrees, a plaque-releasing incision or plication is recommended to further reduce curvature. Grafting is recommended if the resulting incisional defect is larger than two centimeters. Alternative straightening techniques such as plication prior to IPP insertion, endoscopic plaque resection, the "scratch technique" and bone saw plaque incision have also been described.

  9. Factors affecting ED length-of-stay in surgical critical care patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, B; Sullivan, S; Levine, A; Dallara, J

    1995-09-01

    To determine what patient characteristics are associated with prolonged emergency department (ED) length-of-stay (LOS) for surgical critical care patients, the charts of 169 patients admitted from the ED directly to the operating room (OR) or intensive care unit (ICU) during a 6-week period in 1993 were reviewed. The ED record was reviewed for documentation of factors that might be associated with prolonged ED LOS, such as use of computed tomographic (CT), radiology special procedures, and the number of plain radiographs and consultants. ED LOS was considered to be the time from triage until a decision was made to admit the patient. Using a Cox proportional hazards model, use of CT and special procedures were the strongest independent predictors of prolonged ED length-of-stay. The number of plain radiographs and consultants had only a minimal effect. Use of a protocol-driven trauma evaluation system was associated with a shorter ED LOS. In addition to external factors that affect ED overcrowding, ED patient management decisions may also be associated with prolonged ED length-of-stay. Such ED-based factors may be more important in surgical critical care patients, whose overall ED LOS is affected more by the length of the ED work-up rather than the time spent waiting for a ICU bed or operating suite.

  10. Surgical risks and perioperative complications of instrumented lumbar surgery in patients with liver cirrhosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tung-Yi Lin

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Patients with liver cirrhosis have high surgical risks due to malnutrition, impaired immunity, coagulopathy, and encephalopathy. However, there is no information in English literature about the results of liver cirrhotic patients who underwent instrumented lumbar surgery. The purpose of this study is to report the perioperative complications, clinical outcomes and determine the surgical risk factors in cirrhotic patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 29 patients with liver cirrhosis who underwent instrumented lumbar surgery between 1997 and 2009. The hepatic functional reserves of the patients were recorded according to the Child-Turcotte-Pugh scoring system. Besides, fourteen other variables and perioperative complications were also collected. To determine the risks, we divided the patients into two groups according to whether or not perioperative complications developed. Results: Of the 29 patients, 22 (76% belonged to Child class A and 7 (24% belonged to Child class B. Twelve patients developed one or more complications. Patients with Child class B carried a significantly higher incidence of complications than those with Child class A (p = 0.011. In the Child class A group, patients with 6 points had a significantly higher incidence of complications than those with 5 points (p = 0.025. A low level of albumin was significantly associated with higher risk, and a similar trend was also noted for the presence of ascites although statistical difference was not reached. Conclusion: The study concludes that patients with liver cirrhosis who have undergone instrumented lumbar surgery carry a high risk of developing perioperative complications, especially in those with a Child-Turcotte-Pugh score of 6 or more.

  11. Health-related quality of life and expectations of patients before surgical treatment of lumbar stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lílian Maria Pacola

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expectations of patients awaiting surgical treatment of lumbar canal stenosis and the association of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL with symptoms of anxiety and depression. METHODS: The sample included 49 patients from a university hospital. HRQoL was assessed by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI and 36-item Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form (SF-36 and symptoms of anxiety and depression by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS. Expectations were investigated by means of questions used in international studies. Data were analyzed descriptively and by Student's t test. RESULTS: The mean time of disease progression was 34.5 months, the mean age was 58.8 years and 55.1% of the patients were women. Most patients had the expectation of improving with surgical treatment and 46.9% expected to be "much better" with regard to leg pain, walking ability, independence in activities and mental well being. The scores of anxiety and depression were respectively, 34.7% and 12.2%. We observed statistically significant differences between the groups with and without anxiety in the domains: General Health, Mental Health, and Vitality. Between the groups with and without depression there were statistically significant differences in the General Health and Mental Health domains. CONCLUSION: Patients showed great expectation to surgical treatment and the symptoms of anxiety and depression were related to some domains of HRQoL. Thus, the study contributes to broaden our knowledge and we can therefore guide the patients as to their expectations with respect to the real possibilities arising from surgery.

  12. Surgical Management of Supraglottic Laryngeal Carcinoma in Patients with Special Emphasis on Functional Preservation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiqiangZhang; XinyongLuan; XinliangPan; GuangXie; FengleiXu; DayuLiu; DapengLei

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the surgical methods and evaluate the long-term results of laryngectomy in patients with supraglottic laryngeal cancer.METHODS A total of 182 patients with supraglottic laryngeal carcinoma underwent an operation from 1979 to 1999. These cases comprised 11 in stage Ⅰ , 45 in stage Ⅱ , 49 in stage Ⅲ and 77 in stage Ⅳ. The choice of surgical procedure was decided based on the condition of the diseasedl arynx. The surgical procedures proposed by TD Wang were adhered to as follows: minor partial laryngectomy 36, major partial laryngectomy 85,subtotal partial laryngectomy with laryngoplasty 22 and total larygectomy 39.RESULTS The final rate of larynx preservation was 78.6% (143/182) and 69.8% (88/126) in patients with stage III and IV diseases. The extubation rate was 81.8% in cases with preservation of laryngeal function. The overall 3-and 5-year survival rates were 82.9% and 67.3%, with 76.88% and 57.4% in the advanced (stage III and IV) cases who survived with preserved laryngeal function, and 82.5% and 67.0% in similar advanced cases who were treated by total laryngectomy. The difference in the survival rates between these 2 groups was not statistically significant.CONCLUSION It is suggested that preservation of the laryngeal function is possible for advanced supraglottic laryngeal carcinoma without compromising the long-term survival rate. To improve the rate of larynx preservation, one should follow the surgical methods suggested.

  13. Pathological assessment of tumor biopsy specimen and surgical sentinel lymph node dissection in patients with melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nodiţi, Gheorghe; Nica, Cristian C; Petrescu, Horaţiu Pompiliu; Ivan, Codruţ; Crăiniceanu, Zorin Petrişor; Bratu, Tiberiu; Dema, Alis

    2014-01-01

    Actual trends of cutaneous malignant melanoma show a faster increase then other forms of cancer. Early detection and diagnosis, and accurate pathologic interpretation of the biopsy specimen is extremely important for the treatment and prognosis of clinically localized melanoma. The surgical approach to cutaneous melanoma patients with clinically uninvolved regional lymph nodes remains controversial. A retrospective study of melanoma cases was conducted in the "Casa Austria" Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Emergency County Hospital, Timisoara, Romania. We have analyzed the medical records of 21 patients that underwent surgical treatment for different stages of melanoma in the period 2008-2012. For histopathological diagnosis of melanoma and the sentinel lymph node(s) status, tissular fragments were routinely processed. For the difficult cases, additional immunohistochemical investigation was done. A positive family history was noted in two cases. The presence of different sizes and localization of pigmented nevi was found in 38% of the cases. Different types of melanoma like superficial spreading melanoma, nodular melanoma or lentigo malignant melanoma and acral lentiginous melanoma was described. The surgical treatment consisted in all cases in wide excision of the primary tumor and prophylactic dissection of sentinel lymph node after lymphoscintigraphy examination. A positive biopsy of the sentinel lymph node was noted in 4.9% of the cases. The surgical treatment combining the wide excision of the primary tumor with respect to safe oncological limits with the prophylactic dissection of sentinel lymph node after lymphoscintigraphy examination had the confirmation done by the pathologic interpretation of the biopsy specimen showing that all the patients had a Breslow index more than 1.5 mm.

  14. Comparative evaluation of plasma ROM levels in chronic periodontitis patients before and after non-surgical and surgical periodontal therapy: A clinical trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhary, Sohini; Gowda, Triveni M.; Mehta, Dhoom S.; Kumar, Tarun A. B.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Chronic periodontitis (CP) is associated with increased levels of blood reactive oxygen species (ROS). So, treatment of CP may lead to decrease in blood ROS. However, not much literature is available comparing the effect of surgical and non-surgical periodontal treatment on blood ROS levels. Reactive oxygen metabolites (ROMs) are a useful measure of blood ROS. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of periodontal treatment on plasma ROM levels in CP patients. Materials and Methods: Thirty CP patients and 15 controls were monitored. Plasma samples were collected at baseline and the clinical parameters were recorded. The CP patients were randomly divided into two groups: Scaling and root planing (Group II) and periodontal flap surgery (Group III). Both groups were re-evaluated 1 and 2 months after therapy. Clinical parameters were reviewed, plasma samples collected, and ROM levels were determined using a spectrophotometric technique. Results: At baseline, the ROM levels for Group II and Group III were 519.8 ± 62.4 and 513.4 ± 74.7 CARR U, respectively, which were higher than Group I value (282.9 ± 23.9, P surgical periodontal treatment was more effective in lowering the plasma ROM levels than when non-surgical periodontal treatment was performed alone and, therefore, may be more beneficial in reducing systemic oxidative stress. PMID:24872618

  15. A Study to Determine the Best Method of Caring for Certain Short-Stay Surgical Patients at Reynolds Army Community Hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-01

    tubal ligation , and myringotomy (Staff, 1984, July). Surgical Patients 25 This list was submitted to the Chiefs of the Department of Surgery and...capacity Surgical Patients 46 restricted to minimal care patients such as those with Acute Respiratory Disease Syndrome (ARDS). These wards were...the surgery and post -surgical healing is aided. And yet, in the military, lasers are seldom-used (there are none Surgical Patients 83 at RACR), and are

  16. Efficacy of Seprafilm for reducing reoperative risk in pediatric surgical patients undergoing abdominal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Mikihiro; Uchida, Keiichi; Miki, Chikao; Kusunoki, Masato

    2005-08-01

    The safety and efficacy of Seprafilm (Genzyme Corporation, Cambridge, Mass) in adult surgery patients have been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Seprafilm in pediatric surgical patients. One hundred twenty-two pediatric abdominal surgery patients were enrolled. Sixty-seven patients received Seprafilm application. Of these patients, 18 again received Seprafilm at abdominal closure during a second surgery, and of the 18, 4 received Seprafilm at closure after a third surgery. Of the 55 control patients who did not receive Seprafilm, 14 had a second surgery, and of these 14 patients, 4 had a third surgery. Adverse events, operation time, and blood loss were compared with assessed Seprafilm safety. Seprafilm efficacy evaluations included incidence and severity of adhesions in those patients who required relaparotomy. The incidence (Seprafilm, 40.9%; control, 82.4%) and severity (Seprafilm: 59.1%, grade 0; control: 17.6%, grade 0) of adhesions under the abdominal incision site were significantly reduced in the Seprafilm group (P = .007 and P = .0009, respectively). In addition, mean relaparotomy operation time was significantly shorter for Seprafilm patients (P = .004). At relaparotomy, blood loss/body weight ratio for Seprafilm patients compared with control patients showed a trend toward but did not reach significance (P = .09). Decreased incidence and severity of postsurgical adhesions with Seprafilm in pediatric patients may lead to reduction of the risks associated with subsequent operation.

  17. Cardiac anesthesia and surgery in geriatric patients: epidemiology, current surgical outcomes, and future directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo, J G; Silvay, G; Chikwe, J

    2009-01-01

    The mean life expectancy of the population of the United States is projected to increase from 78.3 years at present to over 81 years in 2025, with a concomitant increase in the percentage of the population over the age of 75 years. Elderly patients are more likely to present with valvular and coronary artery disease than younger patients, and as better perioperative management contributes to improving post-operative outcomes and lower referral thresholds, very elderly patients form an increasingly large proportion of the cardiac surgical population. This article summarizes the impact of age-related pathophysiologic changes on patients' response to cardiac surgery and anesthesia, outlines useful perioperative strategies in this age group, and reviews the literature on outcomes after valvular and coronary in elderly patients.

  18. Orbital and Maxillofacial Computer Aided Surgery: Patient-Specific Finite Element Models To Predict Surgical Outcomes

    CERN Document Server

    Luboz, V; Swider, P; Payan, Y; Luboz, Vincent; Chabanas, Matthieu; Swider, Pascal; Payan, Yohan

    2005-01-01

    This paper addresses an important issue raised for the clinical relevance of Computer-Assisted Surgical applications, namely the methodology used to automatically build patient-specific Finite Element (FE) models of anatomical structures. From this perspective, a method is proposed, based on a technique called the Mesh-Matching method, followed by a process that corrects mesh irregularities. The Mesh-Matching algorithm generates patient-specific volume meshes from an existing generic model. The mesh regularization process is based on the Jacobian matrix transform related to the FE reference element and the current element. This method for generating patient-specific FE models is first applied to Computer-Assisted maxillofacial surgery, and more precisely to the FE elastic modelling of patient facial soft tissues. For each patient, the planned bone osteotomies (mandible, maxilla, chin) are used as boundary conditions to deform the FE face model, in order to predict the aesthetic outcome of the surgery. Seven F...

  19. [Evaluation of surgical treatment for patients with multiple aldosteronoma: analysis of 11 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, D; Chen, Q; Zheng, C

    1995-11-01

    From 1957 to 1994, 332 patients underwent surgical treatment for aldosteronoma at Ruijin Hospital. Among them, 11 patients (3.9%) were diagnosed as having multiple aldosteronoma. We ususally used the same method to make the qualitative diagnosis for both single and multiple aldosteronoma. In our experience, however, it was difficult to distinguish the unilateral multiple aldosteronoma by rutine B-type ultrasonography, CT or gamma-scintigraphy before surgery. The correct diagnosis could be obtained only by carefully exploring during the adrenal operation and a satisfactory prognosis also can be acquired if multiple aldosteronoma could be removed completely.

  20. Patient safety in dermatologic surgery: Part I. Safety related to surgical procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Timothy J; Lolis, Margarita; Goldberg, David J; MacFarlane, Deborah F

    2015-07-01

    Surgical procedures involve unique elements related to patient safety. One must be aware of potential complications and safety issues within the practice of dermatologic surgery. Developing a high level of competence in skin surgery will address some safety issues, while implementing protocols and redundancies provides systems-based correction for other safety issues. We provide an in-depth review of patient safety in dermatologic surgery. In particular, we highlight the most common safety issues and methods for reducing error. Copyright © 2014 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Surgical management of the juvenile idiopathic arthritis patient with multiple joint involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel, Matthew P; Figgie, Mark P

    2014-10-01

    Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is recognized as a heterogenous group of disorders in which the common factor is persistent arthritis in at least 1 joint occurring before the age of 16 years. Although conservative management with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs can be effective, approximately 10% of JIA patients have end-stage degenerative changes requiring total hip arthroplasties (THAs) and total knee arthroplasties (TKAs). This article discusses the overall epidemiology, coordination of care, and medical and surgical management of JIA patients undergoing THA and TKA.

  2. Brain spect in the pre-surgical evaluation of epileptic patients preliminary results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Buchpiguel

    1992-03-01

    Full Text Available Pre-surgical evaluation of epileptic patients consists of neurological examination, intensive electroencephalographic (EEG monitoring and anatomical studies (CT and MRI. Functional methods such as PET and SPECT imaging are now used more frequently. We have studied pre-operatively 15 adult epileptic patients (8 female, 7 male using a rotational scintillation camera interfaced to a dedicated computer. The tomographic images were obtained 15 minutes after intravenous injection of 99mTc_HMPAO. All had MRI scanning and intensive EEG monitoring which generally included seizure recording. Five patients had progressive lesions (3 meningiomas, 2 astrocytomas. In 10 patients, neuroradiological studies did not show the presence of progressive lesions (2 normal scans and 8 cases with inactive lesions. Two patients with meningioma showed hypoperfusion at the lesion site while the third patient had a marked hyperperfusion which might correlate with the clinical diagnosis of epilepsia partialis continua. In the astrocytoma patients SPECT scans showed hypoperfusion at the lesion site. Data obtained from the 10 patients without progressive CNS lesions showed: (a in 4, SPECT findings correlated well with the anatomical findings; (b in 5 instances, SPECT was able to disclose additional functional deficits; (c in one case, there was no SPECT correlate of a discrete anatomical lesion. In 5 of these cases with no progressive lesions (n=10 SPECT findings were useful as a complementary tool in determining the clinical or surgical management of these patients. Despite the small number and hete-rogenicity of the present sample, SPECT seems to be an useful tool as part of the clinical workup of epileptic patients who are candidates for epilepsy surgery.

  3. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy for patients with postoperative recurrence of surgically resected non-small-cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takenaka, Tomoyoshi; Takenoyama, Mitsuhiro; Toyozawa, Ryo; Inamasu, Eiko; Yoshida, Tsukihisa; Toyokawa, Gouji; Shiraishi, Yoshimasa; Hirai, Fumihiko; Yamaguchi, Masafumi; Seto, Takashi; Ichinose, Yukito

    2015-01-01

    A few reports have evaluated the outcomes of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for patients with postoperative recurrence of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). From 2000 through 2011, 1237 consecutive patients with NSCLC underwent pulmonary resection at our institution. Of those, 280 patients had experienced postoperative recurrence by the end of 2012. Thirty-five patients received concurrent CRT as initial treatment of the recurrent disease. We retrospectively reviewed these cases, analyzed the outcomes of concurrent CRT after surgical resection, and examined the factors that predict long-term postrecurrence survival. The most common sites of recurrence in this cohort were the lymph nodes in 24 patients, followed by the lung in 5 patients and bone in 6 patients. The median radiation dose given as the initial treatment of recurrence was 60 Gy (range, 30-60 Gy). Chemotherapy included a platinum agent in all cases; cisplatin-based chemotherapy was administered in 23 cases, and a carboplatin-based chemotherapy regimen was administered in 12. The median progression-free and postrecurrence survival after CRT was 13 months (range, 4-127 months) and 31 months (range, 5-127 months), respectively. Seven patients were still alive without evidence of disease for > 3 years after the recurrence diagnosis. The ECOG performance status (PS), surgical procedure, and types of platinum agents used were independent prognostic factors for postrecurrence survival. Concurrent CRT for recurrent NSCLC is a promising therapy for selected patients. A poor PS and postpneumonectomy state were poor prognostic factors for patients who received concurrent CRT. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Prevention and treatment of surgical site infection in HIV-infected patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Lei

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Surgical site infection (SSI are the third most frequently reported nosocomial infection, and the most common on surgical wards. HIV-infected patients may increase the possibility of developing SSI after surgery. There are few reported date on incidence and the preventive measures of SSI in HIV-infected patients. This study was to determine the incidence and the associated risk factors for SSI in HIV-infected patients. And we also explored the preventive measures. Methods A retrospective study of SSI was conducted in 242 HIV-infected patients including 17 patients who combined with hemophilia from October 2008 to September 2011 in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. SSI were classified according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC criteria and identified by bedside surveillance and post-discharge follow-up. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0 statistical software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL. Results The SSI incidence rate was 47.5% (115 of 242; 38.4% incisional SSIs, 5.4% deep incisional SSIs and 3.7% organ/space SSIs. The SSI incidence rate was 37.9% in HIV-infected patients undergoing abdominal operation. Patients undergoing abdominal surgery with lower preoperative CD4 counts were more likely to develop SSIs. The incidence increased from 2.6% in clean wounds to 100% in dirty wounds. In the HIV-infected patients combined with hemophilia, the mean preoperative albumin and postoperative hemoglobin were found significantly lower than those in no-SSIs group (P Conclusions SSI is frequent in HIV-infected patients. And suitable perioperative management may decrease the SSIs incidence rate of HIV-infected patients.

  5. The power of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program--achieving a zero pneumonia rate in general surgery patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuchshuber, Pascal R; Greif, William; Tidwell, Chantal R; Klemm, Michael S; Frydel, Cheryl; Wali, Abdul; Rosas, Efren; Clopp, Molly P

    2012-01-01

    The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) of the American College of Surgeons provides risk-adjusted surgical outcome measures for participating hospitals that can be used for performance improvement of surgical mortality and morbidity. A surgical clinical nurse reviewer collects 135 clinical variables including preoperative risk factors, intraoperative variables, and 30-day postoperative mortality and morbidity outcomes for patients undergoing major surgical procedures. A report on mortality and complications is prepared twice a year. This article summarizes briefly the history of NSQIP and how its report on surgical outcomes can be used for performance improvement within a hospital system. In particular, it describes how to drive performance improvement with NSQIP data using the example of postoperative respiratory complications--a major factor of postoperative mortality. In addition, this article explains the benefit of a collaborative of several participating NSQIP hospitals and describes how to develop a "playbook" on the basis of an outcome improvement project.

  6. Safety of metallic surgical clips in patients undergoing high-field-strength magnetic resonance imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, J P; Pulsinelli, W; Winchester, P; Brill, P W; Jacewicz, M; Isom, O W

    1989-11-01

    Use of metallic clips with ferromagnetic properties in patients undergoing a large variety of surgical procedures, and in particular, in coronary artery and other vascular reconstructions, has become increasingly popular. The safety of these commonly used surgical clips when subjected to high-intensity diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging fields is still debated. Commonly used hemostatic metallic clips manufactured by the Weck and US Surgical Corporations were tested in an in vitro system to assess their safety with regard to migration and displacement. The two tested hemostatic metallic clips proved safe and did not migrate or become dislodged when they underwent magnetic resonance imaging scans. This is in direct contrast to multiple cerebral aneurysm clips, also tested, which have highly ferromagnetic properties and were previously shown to migrate with disastrous results in patients undergoing diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging scans. This study supports the continued widespread use of small metallic hemostatic clips in the myriad of procedures in which they are presently used and illustrates the need for methods of evaluating such devices before they are clinically implanted.

  7. [Non-surgical periodontal treatment in uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garzón-Sanabria, Verónica; Olmos-Bringas, Marisol; Mota-Sanhu, Vanessa; Enríquez-Bárcenas, Luis Fernando; García-Ruiz, Erika; Rivas-Ayala, Lourdes; Rojas-Jiménez, José Alberto

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate the effect of non-surgical periodontal treatment on the metabolic control, measured by HbA1c in uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with periodontal disease treated with the ADA-EASD algorithm. The study group consisted of 38 patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease, attending a benefit clinic. HbA1c measures were obtained before and after 3 months of the non-surgical periodontal treatment. T student test for dependent samples was applied with a p value less than 0.05 for statistical significance. From the total sample, 79% was female, and mean age was of 51 +/- 9.8 years old. Mean HbA1c at baseline was of 8.6 and 8% at exit. The mean reduction was statistically significant (p = 0.026). After non-surgical periodontal treatment, the prevalence of periodontal disease was of 8%. The mean of personal plaque control before and after the treatment decreased from 82.6% to 35.5% (p periodontal disease and improved personal plaque control.

  8. Effect of surgical incision management on wound infections in a poststernotomy patient population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grauhan, Onnen; Navasardyan, Artashes; Tutkun, Baris; Hennig, Felix; Müller, Peter; Hummel, Manfred; Hetzer, Roland

    2014-06-01

    Skin breakdown and infiltration of skin flora are key causative elements in poststernotomy wound infections. We hypothesised that surgical incision management (SIM) using negative pressure wound therapy over closed surgical incisions for 6-7 days would reduce wound infections in a comprehensive poststernotomy patient population. 'All comers' undergoing median sternotomy at our institution were analysed prospectively from 1 September to 15 October 2013 (study group, n = 237) and retrospectively from January 2008 to December 2009 (historical control group, n = 3508). The study group had SIM (Prevena™ Therapy) placed immediately after skin suturing and applied at -125 mmHg for 6-7 days, whereas control group received conventional sterile wound tape dressings. Primary endpoint was wound infection within 30 days. Study group had a significantly lower infection rate than control group: 1·3% (3 patients) versus 3·4% (119 patients), respectively (P incision was primarily closed in 234 of 237 patients (98·7%). SIM over clean, closed incisions for the first 6-7 postoperative days significantly reduced the incidence of wound infection after median sternotomy. Based on these data SIM may be cost-effective in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

  9. Changes Experienced in Quality of Life for Skull Base Surgical Patients: A Qualitative Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Almeida, John R; Vescan, Allan D; Witterick, Ian J; Gullane, Patrick J; Gentili, Fred; Ringash, Jolie; Thoma, Achilles; Lohfeld, Lynne

    2015-03-01

    Objective Skull base tumors are associated with quality of life (QOL) changes. A qualitative case-study approach may help better understand patients' experiences. Methods A total of 34 skull base surgery patients were selected into focus groups using a criterion-based maximum variation sampling strategy from a sampling frame of 138 patients. Eight groups were organized based on a factorial design of surgical approach (endoscopic/pen) and tumor location (anterior/central). Data were analyzed using a conceptual framework. Qualitative analysis was performed on focus group transcripts to identify major themes and determine if surgical approach or tumor location had differential effects on QOL. Concepts were quantitatively tallied from written workbooks. Results The 34 participants (19 men, 15 women; mean age: 48 years, standard deviation: 14 years) had mixed reactions to their diagnosis ranging from relief to fear. Participants reported physical and nonphysical changes in QOL with some variation in physical complaints by tumor location. Several major themes emerged from the analysis. Skull base tumors are associated with fear and frustration, loss of physical senses and self-identity, social isolation, and coping mechanisms. Conclusions Skull base surgery may impact patients' lives. Qualitative study of patient experiences can provide rich information to better understand this disease.

  10. The Incidence of Peripheral Catheter-Related Thrombosis in Surgical Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Leung

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Central venous catheters and peripherally inserted central catheters are well established risk factors for upper limb deep vein thrombosis. There is limited literature on the thrombosis rates in patients with peripheral catheters. A prospective observational study was conducted to determine the incidence of peripheral catheter-related thrombosis in surgical patients. Methods. Patients deemed high risk for venous thrombosis with a peripheral catheter were considered eligible for the study. An ultrasound was performed on enrolment into the study and at discharge from hospital. Participants were reviewed twice a day for clinical features of upper limb deep vein thrombosis during their admission and followed up at 30 days. Results. 54 patients were included in the study. The incidence of deep vein thrombosis and superficial venous thrombosis was 1.8% and 9.2%, respectively. All cases of venous thrombosis were asymptomatic. Risk factor analysis was limited by the low incidence of thrombosis. Conclusion. This study revealed a low incidence of deep vein thrombosis in surgical patients with peripheral catheters (1.8%. The study was underpowered; therefore the association between peripheral catheters and thrombosis is unable to be established. Future studies with larger sample sizes are required to determine the association between peripheral catheters and thrombosis.

  11. PROPHYLAXIS OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTION WITH VANCOMYCIN IN 513 PATIENTS THAT UNDERWENT TO LUMBAR FUSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Scheverin

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective:To assess the prophylactic effects of local vancomycin on an infection of the surgical site in patients undergoing lumbar instrumented fusion.Methods:Retrospective study from January 2011 to June 2014 in patients with symptomatic and refractory lumbar spine stenosis and listhesis who underwent instrumented pedicle screw spinal fusion. Two groups of patient were analyzed, one using vancomycin on the surgical site, vancomycin group (VG and the control group (CG without topical vancomycin. The routine prophylactic procedures were performed in both groups: aseptic scrub technique, skin preparation, preoperative intravenous antibiotic therapy. The VG received a dose of 1g of vancomycin mixed with the bone graft every three spinal levels fused and the group consisted of 232 patients.Results:513 patients were analyzed, 232 in the VG and 281 in the CG. There was no statistical difference between the groups when the sex, mean surgery length, and mean bleeding volume were considered. The rate of infection for VG was reduced from 4.98% to 1.29% when compared with CG.Conclusion:The use of vancomycin added to the bone graft in posterior spinal fusion is associated with significantly lower rates of infection.

  12. [Immediate and long-term results of surgical treatment of patients for traumatic mandibular fracture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopchak, A V

    2014-01-01

    The analysis of immediate and long-term results of the surgical treatment of 286 patients, operated for traumatic mandibular fractures in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, National O. O. Bogomolets Medical University. In 67% of patients the anatomical shape of the bone was adequately restored. The presence of residual displacements in other cases was determined by the fracture type and localization, the technical complexity of the surgical intervention, lack of fixation rigidity under certain functional load conditions. In long terms of observation the infection and inflammatory complications were observed in 13.4% of patients, delayed unition and non-unition of bone fragments occurred--in 4.7%, arthosis with persistent dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint--in 6.7%, fibrous ankylosis--in 1.3%. Secondary displacement of fragments was observed in 23.5% of patients due to insufficient stiffness and reliaability of the bone-fixatorsystem. The non-precise reposition of fragments and secondary displacements in the early and late postoperative period were the main cause of occlusal disturbances of various severities, noted in 28% of operated patients, limitation of mouth opening (10%), TMJ disorders and changes in masticatory stereotype (33%), the sensation of pain and discomfort in tough food chewing (35%). A statistical analysis of the effectiveness of different osteosynthesis methods depending on the type and localization of the fracture was carried out and recommendations for usage of fixation devices in clinical practice were given.

  13. Rotational assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in patients with reconstructivegastrointestinal surgical anatomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Majed El Zouhairi; James B Watson; Svetang V Desai; David K Swartz; Alejandra Castillo-Roth; Mahfuzul Haque; Paul S Jowell; Malcolm S Branch; Rebecca A Burbridge

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the success rates of performingtherapy utilizing a rotational assisted enteroscopy devicein endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP) in surgically altered anatomy patients.METHODS: Between June 1, 2009 and November8, 2012, we performed 42 ERCPs with the use ofrotational enteroscopy for patients with alteredanatomy (39 with gastric bypass Roux-en-Y, 2 withBillroth Ⅱ gastrectomy, and 1 with hepaticojejunostomyassociated with liver transplant). The indications forERCP were: choledocholithiasis: 13 of 42 (30.9%),biliary obstruction suggested on imaging: 20 of 42(47.6%), suspected sphincter of Oddi dysfunction: 4 of42 (9.5%), abnormal liver enzymes: 1 of 42 (2.4%),ascending cholangitis: 2 of 42 (4.8%), and bile leak: 2of 42 (4.8%). All procedures were completed with theOlympus SIF-Q180 enteroscope and the Endo-EaseDiscovery SB overtube produced by Spirus Medical.RESULTS: Successful visualization of the majorampulla was accomplished in 32 of 42 procedures(76.2%). Cannulation of the bile duct was successfulin 26 of 32 procedures reaching the major ampulla(81.3%). Successful therapeutic intervention wascompleted in 24 of 26 procedures in which the bile duct was cannulated (92.3%). The overall intention to treat success rate was 64.3%. In terms of cannulation success, the intention to treat success rate was 61.5%. Ten out of forty two patients (23.8%) required admission to the hospital after procedure for abdominal pain and nausea, and 3 of those 10 patients (7.1%) had a diagnosis of post-ERCP pancreatitis. The average hospital stay was 3 d. CONCLUSION: It is reasonable to consider an attempt at rotational assisted ERCP prior to a surgical intervention to alleviate biliary complications in patients with altered surgical anatomy.

  14. Risk factors for aminoglycoside-associated nephrotoxicity in surgical intensive care unit patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerlach, Anthony T; Stawicki, Stanislaw P; Cook, Charles H; Murphy, Claire

    2011-01-01

    Background: Aminoglycosides are commonly used antibiotics in the intensive care unit (ICU), but are associated with nephrotoxicity. This study evaluated the development of aminoglycoside-associated nephrotoxicity (AAN) in a single surgical intensive care unit. Materials and Methods: Adult patients in our surgical ICU who received more than two doses of aminoglycosides were retrospectively reviewed for demographics, serum creatinine, receipt of nephrotoxins [angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin-II receptor blockers, diuretics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, vasopressors, vancomycin and intravenous iodinated contrast] and the need for dialysis. AAN was defined as an increase in serum creatinine >0.5 mg/dL on at least 2 consecutive days. Univariate and multiple regression analyses were performed. Results: Sixty-one patients (43 males) receiving aminoglycoside were evaluated. Mean age, weight, initial serum creatinine, and duration of aminoglycoside therapy were 58.7 (±15) years, 83.3 (±24.4) kg, 0.9 (±0.5) mg/dL, and 4 (±2.3) days, respectively. Thirty-one (51%) aminoglycoside recipients also received additional nephrotoxins. Seven aminoglycoside recipients (11.5%) developed AAN, four of whom required dialysis and all had received additional nephrotoxins. Only concurrent use of vasopressors (P = 0.041) and vancomycin (P = 0.002) were statistically associated with AAN. Receipt of vasopressors or vancomycin were independent predictors of acute kidney insufficiency (AKI) with odds ratios of 19.9 (95% CI: 1.6–245, P = 0.019) and 49.8 (95% CI: 4.1–602, P = 0.002), respectively. Four patients (6.6%) required dialysis. Conclusions: In critically ill surgical patients receiving aminoglycosides, AAN occurred in 11.5% of the patients. Concurrent use of aminoglycosides with other nephrotoxins increased the risk of AAN. PMID:22096769

  15. The Oblique Metaphyseal Shortening Osteotomy of the Distal Ulna: Surgical Technique and Results of Ten Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benis, Szabolcs; Goubau, Jean F; Mermuys, Koen; Van Hoonacker, Petrus; Berghs, Bart; Kerckhove, Diederick; Vanmierlo, Bert

    2017-02-01

    Background Ulnocarpal abutment is a common condition following distal radius fractures. There are different surgical methods of treatment for this pathology: open and arthroscopic wafer procedure or an ulnar shortening osteotomy. We describe an oblique metaphyseal shortening osteotomy of the distal ulna using two cannulated headless compression screws. We report the results of 10 patients treated with this method. Materials and Methods Out of 17 patients, 10 could be reviewed retrospectively for this study. Patient-rated outcomes were measured using the VAS (visual analogue scale) for pain, PRWHE (patient-rated wrist and hand evaluation) survey, and Quick-DASH (disability of arm, shoulder and hand) survey for functional outcomes. At the review we measured the range of motion (ROM) of the wrist (extension and flexion, ulnar and radial deviation, pronation and supination). Grip strength, pronation, and supination strength of the forearm was measured using a calibrated hydraulic dynamometer. ROM and strength of the affected wrist was compared with ROM and strength of the unaffected wrist. Surgical Procedure Oblique long metaphyseal osteotomy of the distal ulna (from proximal-ulnar to distal-radial), fixed with two cannulated headless compression screws. Results The average postoperative VAS score for pain was 23.71 (standard deviation [SD] of 30.41). The average postoperative PRWHE score was 32.55 (SD of 26.28). The average postoperative Quick-DASH score was 28.65 (SD of 27.21). The majority of patients had a comparable ROM and strength between the operated side and the non-operated side. Conclusion This surgical technique has the advantage of reducing the amount of hardware and to decrease the potential hinder caused by it on medium term. Moreover, the incision remains smaller, and the anatomic metaphyseal localization of the osteotomy potentially allows a better and rapid healing.

  16. Temporal trends in the surgical outcomes of patients with breast cancer

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    Hanagiri Takeshi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The incidence of breast cancer has been increasing in Japan over the past three decades, and it is the currently the most common malignancy in Japan. This study investigated the temporal trends of the surgical outcomes in patients with breast cancer. Methods We evaluated 543 consecutive patients who underwent breast-cancer resection between 1980 and 2009. The temporal trends in the surgical outcome and clinicopathological features were evaluated separately for the periods covering 1980 to 1989, 1990 to 1999, and 2000 to 2009. Results The number of patients who underwent resection during these three respective periods were 133, 176, and 234, respectively. All patients were women. The percentage of patients at stages 0 or 1 was 63.2%, 58.5%, and 43.6%, respectively, during the three periods. The mean diameter of tumors in each period was 38, 29, and 30 mm, respectively. The percentage of tumors with positive ER expression was 62.5%, 64.3%, and 69.7%, respectively. In terms of surgical procedures, the use of Halsted’s radical mastectomy decreased during each period: from 40.6% of cases to 8.5% and then to 0.4%, while the proportion of breast-conserving therapies increased, from 0% to 12.5%, and finally to 35.9%. The postoperative 10-year survival rates during the three periods were 75.9%, 83.5%, and 84.9%, respectively. The 10-year survival rates of patients with stage II disease during the three periods were 66.2%, 75.7%, and 90.7%, respectively. The prognosis of stage III disease in the three periods also showed a tendency toward improvement, increasing from 37.8% to 64.2%, and finally to 84.5%. Conclusion The survival of patients with stage II and III disease has improved during the past 30 years. Along with the recent advances in drug therapy, the surgical treatment has become less invasive, often because of drug therapy-related modifications.

  17. [Surgical technique of aortic valve replacement for small aortic annulus in elderly patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hata, T; Fujiwara, K; Furukawa, H; Tsushima, Y; Yoshitaka, H; Kuinose, M; Minami, H; Ishida, A; Tamura, K; Totsugawa, T; Kanemitsu, H; Ozawa, M

    2006-04-01

    Recent reports have shown that aortic valve replacement in elderly patients over 65 years with atherosclerotic aortic stenosis and a small aortic annulus is possible by using a small sized bioprosthesis (Carpentier-Edwards pericardial valve). Here we present out surgical technique. Firstly, the native calcified aortic valve was removed completely to gain total exposure of the surrounding aortic root and sinus of Valsalva like Bentall procedure. Secondly, a small sized bioprosthesis was implanted with intermittent noneverting mattress 2-0 sutures with spaghetti and small polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) felt. Aortic annulus is the dilated by inserting Hegar dilator sizing from 25 to 27 mm. Therefore, aortic valve replacement for small aortic annulus in intra- or supra-annular position should be easily accomplished. Good surgical results and hemodynamic state were achieved in 25 consecutive cases using this technique.

  18. Systematic review of the use of computer simulation modeling of patient flow in surgical care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobolev, Boris G; Sanchez, Victor; Vasilakis, Christos

    2011-02-01

    Computer simulation has been employed to evaluate proposed changes in the delivery of health care. However, little is known about the utility of simulation approaches for analysis of changes in the delivery of surgical care. We searched eight bibliographic databases for this comprehensive review of the literature published over the past five decades, and found 34 publications that reported on simulation models for the flow of surgical patients. The majority of these publications presented a description of the simulation approach: 91% outlined the underlying assumptions for modeling, 88% presented the system requirements, and 91% described the input and output data. However, only half of the publications reported that models were constructed to address the needs of policy-makers, and only 26% reported some involvement of health system managers and policy-makers in the simulation study. In addition, we found a wide variation in the presentation of assumptions, system requirements, input and output data, and results of simulation-based policy analysis.

  19. Thinking in three's: Changing surgical patient safety practices in the complex modern operating room

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Verna C Gibbs

    2012-01-01

    The three surgical patient safety events,wrong site surgery,retained surgical items (RSI) and surgical fires are rare occurrences and thus their effects on the complex modern operating room (OR) are difficult to study.The likelihood of occurrence and the magnitude of risk for each of these surgical safety events are undefined.Many providers may never have a personal experience with one of these events and training and education on these topics are sparse.These circumstances lead to faulty thinking that a provider won't ever have an event or if one does occur the provider will intuitively know what to do.Surgeons are not preoccupied with failure and tend to usually consider good outcomes,which leads them to ignore or diminish the importance of implementing and following simple safety practices.These circumstances contribute to the persistent low level occurrence of these three events and to the difficulty in generating sufficient interest to resource solutions.Individual facilities rarely have the time or talent to understand these events and develop lasting solutions.More often than not,even the most well meaning internal review results in a new line to a policy and some rigorous enforcement mandate.This approach routinely fails and is another reason why these problems are so persistent.Vigilance actions alone have been unsuccessful so hospitals now have to take a systematic approach to implementing safer processes and providing the resources for surgeons and other stakeholders to optimize the OR environment.This article discusses standardized processes of care for mitigation of injury or outright prevention of wrong site surgery,RSI and surgical fires in an action-oriented framework illustrating the strategic elements important in each event and focusing on the responsibilities for each of the three major OR agents-anesthesiologists,surgeons and nurses.A Surgical Patient Safety Checklist is discussed that incorporates the necessary elements to bring these team

  20. Scoliosis in patients with Prader Willi Syndrome – comparisons of conservative and surgical treatment

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    Goodall Deborah

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In children with Prader Willi syndrome (PWS, besides growth hormone (GH therapy, control of the food environment and regular exercise, surgical treatment of scoliosis deformities seems the treatment of choice, even though the risks of spinal surgery in this specific population is very high. Therefore the question arises as to whether the risks of spinal surgery outweigh the benefits in a condition, which bears significant risks per se. The purpose of this systematic review of the Pub Med literature was to find mid or long-term results of spinal fusion surgery in patients with PWS, and to present the conservative treatment in a case study of nine patients with this condition. Methods Types of studies included; all kinds of studies; retrospective and prospective ones, which reported upon the outcome of scoliosis surgery in patients with PWS. Types of participants included: patients with scoliosis and PWS. Type of intervention: surgery. Search strategy for identification of the studies; Pub Med; limited to English language and bibliographies of all reviewed articles. Nine patients with PWS from our data-base treated conservatively have been found, being 19 years or over at the time this study has been performed. The results of conservative management are described and related to the natural history and treatment results found in the Pub Med review. Results From 2210 titles displayed in the Pub Med database with the key word being "Prader Willi syndrome", 5 different papers were displayed at the date of the search containing some information on the outcome of surgery and none appeared to contain a mid or long-term follow-up. The PWS patients treated conservatively from our series all stayed below 70° and some of which improved. Discussion If the curve of scoliosis patients with PWS can be kept within certain limits (usually below 70 degrees conservatively, this treatment seems to have fewer complications than surgical treatments. The

  1. Scoliosis in patients with Prader Willi Syndrome – comparisons of conservative and surgical treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Hans-Rudolf; Goodall, Deborah

    2009-01-01

    In children with Prader Willi syndrome (PWS), besides growth hormone (GH) therapy, control of the food environment and regular exercise, surgical treatment of scoliosis deformities seems the treatment of choice, even though the risks of spinal surgery in this specific population is very high. Therefore the question arises as to whether the risks of spinal surgery outweigh the benefits in a condition, which bears significant risks per se. The purpose of this systematic review of the Pub Med literature was to find mid or long-term results of spinal fusion surgery in patients with PWS, and to present the conservative treatment in a case study of nine patients with this condition. Types of studies included; all kinds of studies; retrospective and prospective ones, which reported upon the outcome of scoliosis surgery in patients with PWS. Types of participants included: patients with scoliosis and PWS. Type of intervention: surgery. Search strategy for identification of the studies; Pub Med; limited to English language and bibliographies of all reviewed articles. Nine patients with PWS from our data-base treated conservatively have been found, being 19 years or over at the time this study has been performed. The results of conservative management are described and related to the natural history and treatment results found in the Pub Med review. From 2210 titles displayed in the Pub Med database with the key word being "Prader Willi syndrome", 5 different papers were displayed at the date of the search containing some information on the outcome of surgery and none appeared to contain a mid or long-term follow-up. The PWS patients treated conservatively from our series all stayed below 70° and some of which improved. If the curve of scoliosis patients with PWS can be kept within certain limits (usually below 70 degrees) conservatively, this treatment seems to have fewer complications than surgical treatments. The results of our retrospective study of nine patients

  2. Relationships of obesity and diabetes mellitus to other primary cancers in surgically treated gastric cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Daisuke; Koide, Naohiko; Komatsu, Daisuke; Okumura, Motohiro; Suzuki, Akira; Miyagawa, Shinichi

    2014-01-01

    Other primary cancers (OPC) have been reported in gastric cancer (GC) patients. Recent studies have shown relationships of obesity and diabetes mellitus to cancer development in several organs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of obesity and diabetes mellitus (DM) to the prevalence of OPC in GC patients. We reviewed 435 GC patients who were treated surgically and followed their outcomes after surgery. Patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2) were defined as obese. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c levels were examined before surgery. OPC was observed in 109 GC patients (25.1%): 40 (9.2%) with synchronous OPC and 76 (18.2%) with metachronous OPC. The most common OPC was colorectal cancer (22.8%). OPC was frequently observed in patients with DM (p = 0.0022), and DM was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of OPC (odds ratio, 2.215; 95% confidence interval, 1.2007-4.0850; p = 0.011). Synchronous OPC was frequently observed in patients with obesity (p = 0.025), and obesity was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of synchronous OPC (odds ratio, 2.354; 95% confidence interval, 1.1246-4.9279; p = 0.023). Metachronous OPC was frequently observed in patients with DM (p = 0.0071), and DM was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of OPC (odds ratio, 2.680; 95% confidence interval, 1.0291-6.9780; p = 0.044). There is a need to be aware of the possibility of OPC in GC patients with DM/obesity. They should undergo intensive screening for OPC before and after gastrectomy. Copyright © 2014 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Existing general population models inaccurately predict lung cancer risk in patients referred for surgical evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isbell, James M; Deppen, Stephen; Putnam, Joe B; Nesbitt, Jonathan C; Lambright, Eric S; Dawes, Aaron; Massion, Pierre P; Speroff, Theodore; Jones, David R; Grogan, Eric L

    2011-01-01

    Patients undergoing resections for suspicious pulmonary lesions have a 9% to 55% benign rate. Validated prediction models exist to estimate the probability of malignancy in a general population and current practice guidelines recommend their use. We evaluated these models in a surgical population to determine the accuracy of existing models to predict benign or malignant disease. We conducted a retrospective review of our thoracic surgery quality improvement database (2005 to 2008) to identify patients who underwent resection of a pulmonary lesion. Patients were stratified into subgroups based on age, smoking status, and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) results. The probability of malignancy was calculated for each patient using the Mayo and solitary pulmonary nodules prediction models. Receiver operating characteristic and calibration curves were used to measure model performance. A total of 189 patients met selection criteria; 73% were malignant. Patients with preoperative PET scans were divided into four subgroups based on age, smoking history, and nodule PET avidity. Older smokers with PET-avid lesions had a 90% malignancy rate. Patients with PET-nonavid lesions, PET-avid lesions with age less than 50 years, or never smokers of any age had a 62% malignancy rate. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the Mayo and solitary pulmonary nodules models was 0.79 and 0.80, respectively; however, the models were poorly calibrated (p<0.001). Despite improvements in diagnostic and imaging techniques, current general population models do not accurately predict lung cancer among patients referred for surgical evaluation. Prediction models with greater accuracy are needed to identify patients with benign disease to reduce nontherapeutic resections. Copyright © 2011 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Central and peripheral venous lines-associated blood stream infections in the critically ill surgical patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugas Mohamed

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Critically ill surgical patients are always at increased risk of actual or potentially life-threatening health complications. Central/peripheral venous lines form a key part of their care. We review the current evidence on incidence of central and peripheral venous catheter-related bloodstream infections in critically ill surgical patients, and outline pathways for prevention and intervention. An extensive systematic electronic search was carried out on the relevant databases. Articles were considered suitable for inclusion if they investigated catheter colonisation and catheter-related bloodstream infection. Two independent reviewers engaged in selecting the appropriate articles in line with our protocol retrieved 8 articles published from 1999 to 2011. Outcomes on CVC colonisation and infections were investigated in six studies; four of which were prospective cohort studies, one prospective longitudinal study and one retrospective cohort study. Outcomes relating only to PICCs were reported in one prospective randomised trial. We identified only one study that compared CVC- and PICC-related complications in surgical intensive care units. Although our search protocol may not have yielded an exhaustive list we have identified a key deficiency in the literature, namely a paucity of studies investigating the incidence of CVC- and PICC-related bloodstream infection in exclusively critically ill surgical populations. In summary, the diverse definitions for the diagnosis of central and peripheral venous catheter-related bloodstream infections along with the vastly different sample size and extremely small PICC population size has, predictably, yielded inconsistent findings. Our current understanding is still limited; the studies we have identified do point us towards some tentative understanding that the CVC/PICC performance remains inconclusive.

  5. Limb-salvage angioplasty in poor surgical chronic liver disease and diabetic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamdy, Hussam; El-Kolly, M; Ezzat, H; Abbas, M; Farouk, Y; Naser, M; Magdy, M; Elraouf, A

    2013-08-01

    Critical limb ischemia (CLI) in high surgical risk patients with chronic liver diseases has a grave prognosis with a one-year mortality rate of 20% and a one-year amputation rate of 25% after the initial diagnosis. According to Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC)-II Guidelines, revascularization (surgical & endovascular) is the treatment of choice for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). The primary goal of revascularization is to relieve ischemic rest pain, heal ulcers, prevent amputation, improve patient's quality of life (limb salvage) and secondary goal was the periprocedural complications. Endovascular techniques include balloon angioplasty, stents, stent-grafts, and plaque debulking procedures. Surgical options, identification of patients at risk of postoperative complications could have an impact on the indications for a procedure as well as permitting modifications of treatment to reduce the surgical risk This study evaluated the treatment out comas after limb salvage angioplasty for patients who otherwise would be candidates for primary amputation due to poor co-morbid conditions as chronic liver disease and diabetes. The clinical evaluation, laboratory investigations and abdominal ultrasonography were performed to all patients to evaluate their liver status. Patients were classified according to Child-pugh classification into child A, B & C. All patients were subjected to either detailed arterial duplex or C.T. angiography to assess their arterial lesions from January 2008- January 2010. 95 patients with critical limb ischemia (Rutherford categories 4, 5, 6) were treated by primary percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). No patient was excluded on the basis of the extent of arterial occlusive disease. The primary end points were immediate technical success, clinical improvement and limb salvages rates. Secondary end points were periprocedural complications and mortality. Most of the patients were male (54.7%) with mean age 62 (48

  6. [Reducing patient pressure sore incidence in the surgical intensive care unit].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Hui-Ting; Shu, Ling-Hui; Pan, Chao-Chun; Yang, Shu-Yen; Chen, Wan-I

    2011-06-01

    Pressure ulcers were an increasingly significant problem among patients in the authors' ward. The eight patients diagnosed with pressure ulcers (0.42% of all inpatients) during the first half of 2009 represented a 140% increase over the first half of 2008 (0.28% of all inpatients). This project was designed to reduce pressure ulcer incidence in the surgical intensive care unit (ICU) to 0.05%. Intervention measures included: 1) holding professional training on preventing pressure ulcers; 2) specifying appropriate patient turnover tools; 3) creating and distributing to nurses a proper turnover technique and positioning manual; 4) creating and distributing to nurses a comprehensive patient skin inspection checklist; and 5) organizing a permanent pressure ulcer care quality and audit committee. Pressure ulcer incidence fell from 0.42% to 0.04% following implementation of the methods. Results demonstrate the effectiveness of using the proposed methods to reduce pressure ulcer incidence and enhance nursing care quality.

  7. Corneal-Based Surgical Presbyopic Therapies and Their Application in Pseudophakic Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grace L. Paley

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The purpose of this review is to provide a summary of laser refractive surgery and corneal inlay approaches to treat presbyopia in patients after cataract surgery. Summary. The presbyopic population is growing rapidly along with increasing demands for spectacle independence. This review will focus on the corneal-based surgical options to address presbyopia including various types of corneal intrastromal inlays and laser ablation techniques to generate either a multifocal cornea (“PresbyLASIK” or monovision. The natural history of presbyopia develops prior to cataracts, and these presbyopic surgeries have been largely studied in phakic patients. Nevertheless, pseudophakic patients may also undergo these presbyopia-compensating procedures for enhanced quality of life. This review examines the published reports that apply these technologies to patients after cataract surgery and discusses unique considerations for this population.

  8. What Does a Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Reveal About Patient Safety Culture of Surgical Units Compared With That of Other Units?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shu, Qin; Cai, Miao; Tao, Hong-Bing; Cheng, Zhao-Hui; Chen, Jing; Hu, Yin-Huan; Li, Gang

    2015-07-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the strengths and weaknesses of surgical units as compared with other units, and to provide an opportunity to improve patient safety culture in surgical settings by suggesting targeted actions using Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) investigation.A Hospital Survey on Patient Safety questionnaire was conducted to physicians and nurses in a tertiary hospital in Shandong China. 12 patient safety culture dimensions and 2 outcome variables were measured.A total of 23.5% of respondents came from surgical units, and 76.5% worked in other units. The "overall perceptions of safety" (48.1% vs 40.4%, P < 0.001) and "frequency of events reported" (63.7% vs 60.7%, P = 0.001) of surgical units were higher than those of other units. However, the communication openness (38.7% vs 42.5%, P < 0.001) of surgical units was lower than in other units. Medical workers in surgical units reported more events than those in other units, and more respondents in the surgical units assess "patient safety grade" to be good/excellent. Three dimensions were considered as strengths, whereas 5 other dimensions were considered to be weaknesses in surgical units. Six dimensions have potential to aid in improving events reporting and patient safety grade. Appropriate working times will also contribute to ensuring patient safety. Medical staff with longer years of experience reported more events.Surgical units outperform the nonsurgical ones in overall perception of safety and the number of events reported but underperform in the openness of communication. Four strategies, namely deepening the understanding about patient safety of supervisors, narrowing the communication gap within and across clinical units, recruiting more workers, and employing the event reporting system and building a nonpunitive culture, are recommended to improve patient safety in surgical units in the context of 1 hospital.

  9. [Perception of night-time sleep by the surgical patients in an intensive care unit].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolás, A; Aizpitarte, E; Iruarrizaga, A; Vázquez, M; Margall, M A; Asiain, M C

    2002-01-01

    Night-time rest of the patients hospitalized in Intensive Care is a very important feature within the health/disease process since it has a direct repercussion on their adequate recovery. The objectives of this investigation are: 1) describe how the surgical patients perceive their night-time sleep in the Polyvalent Intensive Care Unit: 2) compare the subjective perception of the patients with the nursing record in the care plan and analyze the degree of agreement between both assessments. Night-time sleep has been studied in 104 patients; surgery patients from emergencies, patients who are intubated, with previous psychiatric treatment, sleep apnea, drinking habit or impossibility of adequate communication were not included. To measure the patient's perception, the five item sleep questionnaire of Richards-Campbell and the assessment of sleep by the nurse, as well as the remaining variables included in a computerized care plan, were used. The total mean score of the sleep on the first post-operative night was 51.42 mm. When the scores obtained in each one of the questionnaire items are analyzed, it is seen that the sleep profile of these patients has been characterized by being light sleep, with frequent wakenings and generally with little difficulty to go back to sleep when woke op or were awakened. The assessment of the night-time sleep performed by the nurse coincides with the perception of the patients on many occasions, and when there is discrepancy, the nurse has overestimated the patient's sleep.

  10. The influence of sarcopenia on survival and surgical complications in ovarian cancer patients undergoing primary debulking surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rutten, I.J.; Ubachs, J.; Kruitwagen, R.F.P.M.; Dijk, D.P. van; Beets-Tan, R.G.; Massuger, L.F.A.G.; Oude Damink, S.W.; Gorp, T. Van

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, severe skeletal muscle loss, has been identified as a prognostic factor in various malignancies. This study aims to investigate whether sarcopenia is associated with overall survival (OS) and surgical complications in patients with advanced ovarian cancer undergoing primary

  11. [Surgical treatment of choledocholithiasis in a patient with situs inversus totalis: a case report and literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales-Rodríguez, Jerson Francisco; Corina Cotillo, Estefania; Moreno-Loaiza, Oscar

    2017-07-26

    Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare condition, in which there is transposition of the thoraco-abdominal organs. This situation leads to diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties in patients with acute surgical abdomen. The objective of this report is to present the case of a patient who presented with colonic pain in the epigastrium and left hypochondrium, in which the diagnosis of SIT, cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis was reached after the respective imaging studies. Once the diagnosis was made, treatment was performed through retrograde endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and subsequent surgical exploration of bile ducts. Both procedures were failed due to technical difficulties generated by the patient's condition. In conclusion, in spite of the report of successful cases in the literature of ERCP and surgical treatment of the biliary tract in SIT, there may be situations that do not allow a successful approach, so meticulous surgical planning and the use of support methods are necessary In the management of these patients.

  12. Discussing life expectancy with surgical patients: Do patients want to know and how should this information be delivered?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MacDonagh Ruaraidh P

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Predicted patient life expectancy (LE and survival probability (SP, based on a patient's medical history, are important components of surgical decision-making and informed consent. The objective of this study was to assess patients' interpretation of and desire to know information relating to LE, in addition to establishing the most effective format for discussion. Methods A cross sectional survey of 120 patients (mean age = 68.7 years, range 50–90 years, recruited from general urological and surgical outpatient clinics in one District General and one Teaching hospital in Southwest England (UK was conducted. Patients were included irrespective of their current diagnosis or associated comorbidity. Hypothetical patient case scenarios were used to assess patients' desire to know LE and SP, in addition to their preferred presentation format. Results 58% of patients expressed a desire to know their LE and SP, if it were possible to calculate, with 36% not wishing to know either. Patients preferred a combination of numerical and pictorial formats in discussing LE and SP, with numerical, verbal and pictorial formats alone least preferred. 71% patients ranked the survival curve as either their first or second most preferred graph, with 76% rating facial figures their least preferred. No statistically significant difference was noted between sexes or educational backgrounds. Conclusion A proportion of patients seem unwilling to discuss their LE and SP. This may relate to their current diagnosis, level of associated comorbidity or degree of understanding. However it is feasible that by providing this information in a range of presentation formats, greater engagement in the shared decision-making process can be encouraged.

  13. Flail Chest in Polytraumatized Patients: Surgical Fixation Using Stracos Reduces Ventilator Time and Hospital Stay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe P. M. Jayle

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Conservative management of patients with flail chest is the treatment of choice. Rib fracture repair is technically challenging; however, with the advent of specially designed molding titanium clips, surgical management has been simplified. Surgical stabilization has been used with good outcomes. We are reporting on our institutional matched-case-control study. Methods. Between April 2010 and April 2011, ten polytraumatized patients undergoing rib stabilization for flail chest were matched 1 : 1 to 10 control patients by age ±10 years, sex, neurological or vertebral trauma, abdominal injury, and arm and leg fractures. Surgery was realized in the first 48 hours. Results. There were no significant differences between groups for matched data and prognostic scores: injury severity score, revised trauma score, and trauma injury severity score. Ventilator time (142 ± 224 versus 74 ± 125 hours, P=0.026 and overall hospital stay (142 ± 224 versus 74 ± 125 hours, P=0.026 were significantly lower for the surgical group after adjustment on prognostic scores. There was a trend towards shorter ICU stay for operative patients (12.3 ± 8.5 versus 9.0 ± 4.3 days, P=0.076. Conclusions. Rib fixation with Stracos is feasible and decreases the length of ventilation and hospital stay. A multicente