WorldWideScience

Sample records for surgery department university

  1. The University of Florida Department of Surgery: building a stronger tomorrow on yesterday's foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrns, Kevin E; Copeland, Edward M; Howard, Richard J

    2012-01-01

    Established in 1957, the University of Florida Department of Surgery has a solid foundation on which current faculty are driven to build a stronger tomorrow. The department is focused on promoting patient-centered care, expanding its research portfolio to improve techniques and outcomes, and training the surgical leaders of tomorrow. It fosters an environment where faculty, residents, students, and staff challenge long-held traditions with the goal of improving the health of our patients, the quality of our care, and the vitality of our work environment.

  2. Surveillance of antibiotic and analgesic use in the Oral Surgery Department of the University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haliti NR

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Naim R Haliti,1 Fehim R Haliti,2 Ferit K Koçani,3 Ali A Gashi,4 Shefqet I Mrasori,3 Valon I Hyseni,5 Samir I Bytyqi,5 Lumnije L Krasniqi,2 Ardiana F Murtezani,5 Shaip L Krasniqi5 1Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, 2Department of Children Dentistry, University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo, 3Department of Oral Disease, University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo, 4Department of Oral Surgery, University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo, 5Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology and Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, Prishtina, Kosovo Background: Because Kosovo has no reliable information on antimicrobial and analgesic use in dental practice, the survey reported here evaluated the antibiotic and analgesic prescriptions in the Oral Surgery Department of the University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo (UDCCK.Methods: The data of 2,442 registered patients for a 1-year period were screened and analyzed concerning antibiotic and analgesic use as per standards of rational prescription.Results: Dentistry doctors prescribed antibiotics significantly more often than analgesics. Antibiotics were prescribed in 8.11% of all cases, while only 1.35% of total prescriptions were for analgesics. The total consumption of antibiotic drugs in the UDCCK was 4.53 Defined Daily Doses [DDD]/1,000 inhabitants/day, compared with only 0.216 DDD/1,000 inhabitants/day for analgesics. From a total number of 117 patients, 32 patients received combinations of two antibiotics.Conclusion: Pharmacotherapy analysis showed that the prescription rates of antibiotics and analgesics in the UDCCK are not rational in terms of the qualitative aspects of treatment. For the qualitative improvement of prescription of these drug groups, we recommend the implementation of treatment guidelines following rational standards. Keywords: antibiotic, analgesics

  3. The effects of work on the health of nurses who work in clinical surgery departments at university hospitals 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Rosângela Marion; Zeitoune, Regina Célia Gollner; Beck, Carmem Lúcia Colomé; de Martino, Milva Maria Figueiredo; Prestes, Francine Cassol

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the effects of work on the health of nurses who work in clinical surgery departments at university hospitals in relation to physical, social and psychological suffering and pain. Methods: a quantitative transversal study was carried out between 2012 and 2013 in four institutions in a state located in the south of Brazil. We studied 65 nurses who responded to questions on their habits. We also obtained sociodemographical information on them as well as conducting an evaluation on work relational damage using an evaluation scale. Associations were checked through the use of the Chi-Sqaure and Fisher's exact test. Correlations were checked using the Spearmann test. Results: we found that physical ailments persisted and that there were connections between social and psychological pain/suffering and variable physical activities as well as connections with accidents in the work place and the option to work shifts. We noted correlations between social and psychological pain/suffering. Conclusion: nurses had their health compromised due to their work in clinical surgery departments. PMID:27508914

  4. Department of Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand – a brief history

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    described (as recorded in the British Medical Journal) as 'cal- culated to be detrimental .... Non-European Hospital (NEH) which was built in 1923. The University of the .... Ophthalmology followed suit under Maurice Luntz. The clinical facilities ...

  5. Surveillance of antibiotic and analgesic use in the Oral Surgery Department of the University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haliti, Naim R; Haliti, Fehim R; Koçani, Ferit K; Gashi, Ali A; Mrasori, Shefqet I; Hyseni, Valon I; Bytyqi, Samir I; Krasniqi, Lumnije L; Murtezani, Ardiana F; Krasniqi, Shaip L

    2015-01-01

    Because Kosovo has no reliable information on antimicrobial and analgesic use in dental practice, the survey reported here evaluated the antibiotic and analgesic prescriptions in the Oral Surgery Department of the University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo (UDCCK). The data of 2,442 registered patients for a 1-year period were screened and analyzed concerning antibiotic and analgesic use as per standards of rational prescription. Dentistry doctors prescribed antibiotics significantly more often than analgesics. Antibiotics were prescribed in 8.11% of all cases, while only 1.35% of total prescriptions were for analgesics. The total consumption of antibiotic drugs in the UDCCK was 4.53 Defined Daily Doses [DDD]/1,000 inhabitants/day, compared with only 0.216 DDD/1,000 inhabitants/day for analgesics. From a total number of 117 patients, 32 patients received combinations of two antibiotics. Pharmacotherapy analysis showed that the prescription rates of antibiotics and analgesics in the UDCCK are not rational in terms of the qualitative aspects of treatment. For the qualitative improvement of prescription of these drug groups, we recommend the implementation of treatment guidelines following rational standards.

  6. Topical negative pressure therapy Recent experience of the department of plastic surgery at Ibn Sina University Hospital, Rabat, Morocco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelmoughit Echchaoui

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available IntroductionThe topical negative pressure therapy (TNP is a non-invasive method to treat chronic and acute wounds locally, using a continuous or intermittent negative pressure.The objective of this study is to present the first experience of this type of treatment used in clinical cases in our department. By presenting these cases, we highlight indication and efficiency of this new technique applied in relatively complicated situations, at the same time it also allows a significant improvement in treating injuries and chronic wounds.Materials and methodsIn this study, we present the recent experience of the Department of Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery of the University Hospital Center of Avicenne in Rabat. This therapy was used for the first time this year (in 2014, in three young patients who presented with chronic wounds associated with local and general factors that are unfavorable for the healing process.ResultsIn all three of our cases we obtained highly satisfactory clinical results.TNP allows wounds to bud in a shorter time, as well as a fast healing by second intention due to controlled wound healing or split-skin graft without using flaps. This enables to decrease the margin of error, the time and the number of dressing replacements, and to reduce the length of hospital stay.ConclusionThis is an expensive and specific equipment. However, the cost-benefit ratio analysis shows that it is an essential method that should be part of our therapeutic strategies.Keywords: loss of substance, negative pressure, budding, healing.  

  7. [Thymus surgery in a general surgery department].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mega, Raquel; Coelho, Fátima; Pimentel, Teresa; Ribero, Rui; Matos, Novo de; Araújo, António

    2005-01-01

    Evaluation of thymectomy cases between 1990-2003, in a General Surgery Department. Evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy in Miastenia Gravis patients. Retrospective study based on evaluation of data from Serviço de Cirurgia, Neurologia and Consult de Neurology processes, between 1990-2003, of 15 patients submitted to total thymectomy. 15 patients, aged 17 to 72, 11 female and 4 male. Miastenia Gravis was the main indication for surgery, for uncontrollable symptoms or suspicion of thymoma. In patients with myasthenia, surgery was accomplish after compensation of symptoms. There weren't post-surgery complications. Pathology were divided in thymic hyperplasia and thymoma. Miastenia patients have there symptoms diminished or stable with reduction or cessation of medical therapy. Miastenia was the most frequent indication for thymectomy. Surgery was good results, with low morbimortality, as long as the protocols are respected.

  8. The effects of work on the health of nurses who work in clinical surgery departments at university hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Rosângela Marion da; Zeitoune, Regina Célia Gollner; Beck, Carmem Lúcia Colomé; Martino, Milva Maria Figueiredo de; Prestes, Francine Cassol

    2016-08-08

    to analyze the effects of work on the health of nurses who work in clinical surgery departments at university hospitals in relation to physical, social and psychological suffering and pain. a quantitative transversal study was carried out between 2012 and 2013 in four institutions in a state located in the south of Brazil. We studied 65 nurses who responded to questions on their habits. We also obtained sociodemographical information on them as well as conducting an evaluation on work relational damage using an evaluation scale. Associations were checked through the use of the Chi-Sqaure and Fisher's exact test. Correlations were checked using the Spearmann test. we found that physical ailments persisted and that there were connections between social and psychological pain/suffering and variable physical activities as well as connections with accidents in the work place and the option to work shifts. We noted correlations between social and psychological pain/suffering. nurses had their health compromised due to their work in clinical surgery departments. analisar os efeitos do trabalho na saúde de enfermeiros que atuam em clínicas cirúrgicas de hospitais universitários, relacionando-os aos danos físicos, sociais e psicológicos. estudo quantitativo, transversal, realizado entre 2012 e 2013 em quatro instituições de um Estado da região sul do Brasil. A amostra foi composta por 65 enfermeiros que responderam questões sobre os hábitos de vida e dados sociodemográficos e a Escala de Avaliação de Danos Relacionados ao Trabalho. Associações foram verificadas pelo teste Qui-Quadrado e Exato de Fisher e as correlações pelo teste de Spearmann. prevaleceu o adoecimento físico, encontrando associação entre os fatores Danos Sociais e Psicológicos e as variáveis prática de atividade física, acidente de trabalho e opção pelo turno de trabalho. Evidenciou-se correlação entre Danos Sociais e Psicológicos. o trabalho realizado por enfermeiros que atuam

  9. [Dr. Michiharu Matsuoka, founder of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyoto University, and his achievements (Part 6: Studying abroad of Dr. Matsuoka and opening to public, reputation and achievement of the department)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirotani, Hayato

    2011-03-01

    Dr. Michiharu Matsuoka studied orthopaedic surgery in Germany, Austria and other countries during the period from August, 1902 to May, 1906. He visited many university pathological institutes and surgical and orthopaedic clinics to study pathology and to learn the practice of orthopaedic surgery. After that, he started his practice at the newly established Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in the Medical School of Kyoto Imperial University in June, 1906. The department was opened in 1907 and in 1911 it was opened to all citizens and practical doctors in Kyoto City and exhibited many orthopaedic specimens and instruments. In particular, the x-ray apparatus of the Department was so well equipped that a German radiologist who visited the Department admired it in his article that was published in the journal of radiology in 1911. The Department was not surpassed by others for the number of patients with the dislocation of the hip and tuberculous spondylitis as well as the advanced quality and variety of roentgenological and pathological researches on these diseases.

  10. [Performance indicators of maxillofacial surgery inpatient departments].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marada, Gyula; Nagy, Ákos; Sebestyén, Andor; Zemplényi, Antal; Radnai, Márta; Boncz, Imre

    2017-03-01

    In Hungary, the number and structure of the maxillofacial surgery departments underwent significant changes in recent decades. The aim of our study was to present the actual performance indicators of maxillofacial inpatient departments and based on the available data to compare the departments. The study was based on the number of beds founded by the National Health Insurance Fund. Performance data were supplied by the National Health Insurance Fund Administration. The assessment included the following indicators: number of beds institutional breakdown by type, number of reimbursed cases, the weighted case number, hospital stay, bed occupancy rates and average length of stay. In the examined period 40% of active beds (65) were in university hospitals. The distribution of reimbursed cases was similar. The university hospitals showed higher weighted case number and case-mix index. The oral surgery departments' bed occupancy rate (45.75%) was below the national average. The indicators show significant differences among different departments in the examined period. Orv. Hetil., 2017, 158(12), 447-453.

  11. Principles of risk management in surgery departments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Rezaei

    2015-09-01

    Results: We structured the patient journey process in five main phases, 24 activities and 108 tasks. Then, the responsible teams were involved, and the transposition and allocated places for performing were chosen. Because of their importance, some activities and task themes such as patient identification and records review were repeated in each phase. Conclusions: Risk management of surgical departments is significant as this is typically the hospital facility with the both the highest cost and revenue. Communication between the surgical team and other clinical teams outside the surgery department through process-biased perspective could improve the safety of patients. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2015; 4(3.000: 126-134

  12. Five departments recognized with 2008 University Exemplary Department Award

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2008-01-01

    The Department of Computer Science in the College of Engineering, the School of Architecture + Design in the College of Architecture and Urban Studies, the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences' Undergraduate Research Institute, and a pair of departments working together, the Department of History and the Department of Teaching and Learning in the School of Education, will all receive the 2008 University Exemplary Department Award at a ceremony to be held Tuesday, Dec. 2 at The Inn at Vi...

  13. Promoting the Department within the University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedrich, Gustav W.

    In the face of declining college enrollment and increased budget cuts, the speech communication department at the University of Nebraska devised a successful strategy to preserve and promote itself within the university. Outside authorities were selected for a department review committee. At the graduate level, the areas of concentration were…

  14. Zoology Department, University o/Cape Town

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    lux, using a solenium light meter kindly loaned by the Botany Department, University .... but paler blue. Dorsally deep purple, fading to blue-pink. Gut brown. Eyes .... These demonstrate a strong and sensitive photonegative reaction, similar to ...

  15. Department of Rural and Urban Planning, University

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2016-12-14

    Accepted: December 14, 2016. Department of Rural and Urban Planning, University of Zimbabwe .... planning, The maps on URL: ... system that provide answers to many questions concerning any .... required and make a layout or export the.

  16. [Dr. Michiharu Matsuoka, founder of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyoto University, and his achievements. Part 4: Prof. M. Matsuoka's lecture to medical and civic communities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirotani, Hayato

    2010-03-01

    Dr. M. Matsuoka gave many lectures to physicians at the Postdoctoral Course Lectures sponsored by the Kyoto Eisei Kensasho (Kyoto Bacterial and Biochemical Laboratory) run by the Kyoto Medical Association, and the Postdoctoral Course Lectures of the Kyoto Medical School, Kyoto Imperial University. He was also invited to give lectures at several regional medical associations. He also was a speaker at the Kyoto Imperial University Extension course and he lectured at the Enryakuji Temple on Mt. Hiei, sponsored by a newspaper company. It is remarkable that these activities were carried out in addition to his other notable academic work previously reported.

  17. [Short- and long-term results in operable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas from a cooperation between two departments gastroenterology-visceral surgery at non-university hospitals benchmarked to results of expert-centers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dippold, Wolfgang; Sivanathan, Visvakanth; Statt, Katharina; Roitman, Marc; Link, Karl Heinrich

    2017-02-01

    The only curative approach in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is resection, which is possible only in 15 - 30 % of patients. Local tumor spread or distant metastases are contraindications for resection in the majority of patients. Surgical-oncological quality with short- and long-term results are varying tremendously, so that "expertise/quality" are associated to hospital- or surgeon's volume and/or center formation. The treatment results also depend, to a great extent, on the medical diagnostic quality. With our retrospective study, we aim to compare the results-quality of cooperative pancreatic cancer treatment based on an extensive preoperative diagnostic procedure for staging and risk estimation in a specialized GI-medical department and visceral surgical-oncological expertise in pancreatic cancer surgery at a general hospital with the results-quality of expert centers. Fifty-three patients with PDAC had diagnosis and resection of their cancer between 1/2002 and 12/2009. The 30 day hospital-mortality was 3.8 % and the median survival time after demission from the hospital was 23.1 months. The 5-year-survival rate of R0-resected patients, all of whom had received adjuvant chemotherapy, was high with 31 %. The survival data and the extraordinarily high resection rate of 98.1 % in the patient group, whose primary tumor stage was pT3 in 81 %, reflects the excellent cooperation of high standards in medical diagnostic processes, visceral pancreatic surgery, and adjuvant medical chemotherapy. The results are well comparable to those of "high volume centers". The responsible heads of the two departments have been trained at university expert centers. Expertise in the treatment of pancreatic cancer patients may be successfully transferred from an expert center to a general hospital, if the team has high expertise. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  18.  Evaluation of the reasons for the extraction among patients referred to the Oral Surgery Department,Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramezanian M.

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: Tooth extraction is always considered as the final treatment option in dentistry."nConsidering the numerous advances in dentistry, nowadays the preservation of the permanent teeth until old"nage is common. However, in most economically poor countries or those without security service insurance,"nthe high rate of extraction, particularly among restorable teeth, is regrettable."nPurpose: The aim of the present study was to determine the reasons for tooth extraction among patients"nreferred to the faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2002."nMaterials and Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted on 320 patients. The"ninformation about patient's general knowledge, oral health status, tooth location and causes of extraction were"ncollected and recorded in a questionnaire. The data were submitted to statistical Chi-Square test."nResults: No statistically significant difference was found between two genders in their mentioned causes for"nextraction. The most prevalent reasons were as follows: Caries (50%, Periodontal diseases (16.6%. Absence"nof an acceptable occlusion, prosthetic problems, patient's request, etc... make up the remaining 33.4% of the"nreasons."nConclusion: According to this study, it is suggested to investigate extraction etiology at the society level and"nif similar results are obtained, necessary steps should be taken to prevent caries and periodontal problems as"nthe major mentioned causes for tooth extraction.

  19. [FEMALE SURGEONS SHOULD BE AWARE OF THE IMPORTANCE OF A CLEAR VISION FOR THEIR CAREER AND LIFE PLANS TO ACHIEVE THEIR CAREER DEVELOPMENT.: A SURVEY OF 20 FEMALE SURGEONS AT THE DEPARTMENT OF SURGERY AND ONCOLOGY, KYUSHU UNIVERSITY].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagayoshi, Kinuko; Mori, Hitomi; Kameda, Chizu; Nakamura, Katsuya; Ueki, Takashi; Tanaka, Masao

    2015-05-01

    A shortage of surgeons has been a serious problem in recent years. There is an urgent need to utilize female surgeons who tend to resign because of bearing and raising of children. To examine possible measures to deal with the issue, we performed questionnaire survey about work-life balance and career planning on 20 female surgeons in the Department of Surgery and Oncology, Kyushu University. The response rate was 80.0%. In the 16 respondents, seven were unmarried and nine were married. A large fraction of the respondents recognized the importance of work-life-balance. Female surgeons have many difficulties to continue working with good work-life balance; therefore, understanding and cooperation of both their spouses and coworkers is considered to be necessary. Married female surgeons considered that improvement of the working environment and sufficient family support were more important for good work-life balance compared to those who were unmarried. Female surgeons should recognize the importance of improvement of their environment, including the workplace and the family to continue working with good work-life balance in youth and should have the prospects about their career plan of their own.

  20. [Establishment of university departments of urology in North Rhine-Westphalia: the Aachen model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moll, F H; Halling, T; Rathert, P; Krischel, M; Fangerau, H

    2014-09-01

    The foundation of university departments of urology in postwar East and West Germany faced some opposition by some university professors of surgery who wanted to preserve the unity of their discipline. In North Rhine-Westphalia, heads of municipal hospitals or senior members of university hospitals' staff often received the first chaired professorships of urology.

  1. Social climate in diverse university departments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauring, Jakob; Selmer, Jan

    2011-01-01

    responses from 489 teachers in multicultural Danish university departments. Design and methods: To study antecedents for a good diversity climate, statistical analysis including hierarchical multiple regressions was applied. Conclusions: Results showed that group members' engagement in: (1) sharing informal...... knowledge of a personal nature; and (2) their application of each other's knowledge to task relevant problems had strong positive associations with openness to linguistic, visible, value and informational diversity. We conclude that interaction and knowledge sharing among teachers in multicultural...

  2. [Employee Wellbeing in a University Department, Italy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinopoli, Alessandra; Sestili, Cristina; Lojodice, Bruno; Sernia, Sabina; Mannocci, Alice; De Giusti, Maria; Villari, Paolo; La Torre, Giuseppe

    2017-01-01

    A serene workplace environment can provide significant benefits to employees. The aim of the present study was to assess wellbeing of employees in a university department, by administering validated questionnaires (Karasek and INAIL) and to determine any similarities and / or differences. The sample consisted of 48 employees (22.9 % male and 77.1% female) in various job categories including doctors, biologists, nurses, and technical and administrative staff. Results obtained from the Karasek questionnaire allowed us to calculate the values of Decision latidude and Job demand. The intersection of the medians of the two components, respectively 56 and 30, allowed us to divide participants into four quadrants consisting of high "strain" workers, active and passive and low "strain" workers. Thirty seven percent of the sample was found to be at high risk of stress. Significant differences in responses were identified in relation to gender, age, job seniority and educational level. Responses to the two questionnaires compared favorably. Seventeen questions were compared, and for eleven of these there was sufficient agreement, with kappa test values comprised between 0.194 and 0.408 (p<0.05). Results confirm that work-related stress is a relevant issue. Karasek and INAIL questionnaires, while investigating similar issues, should not be used alternatively but rather administered simultaneously.

  3. [Evaluation of quality of care in a general surgery department].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visset, J; Paineau, J; Letessier, E; Hamelin, E; Hamy, A; Courant, O

    A permanent evaluation of a department's activity and the quality of health care it provides is needed to avoid inappropriate use resulting from a wide range of causes. The activity of a general surgery department treating and average of 1,500 patients per year and performing 1,200 operations was analyzed over the period 1986 to 1992. Post-operative hospital follow-up was noted for each patient and any complications were analyzed on discharge day by the surgeons, the anaesthesiologists and the nursing staff. A year-end sum up was conducted each year by homogeneous groups. Examples are presented: surgery for cancer of the oesophagus (122 cases), surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux (120 cases), thyroid surgery (1,314 cases from 1988 to 1992). Complications, hospital stay and former pathologies were evaluated in order to determine the indications, prevent complications and evaluate more rapidly the advantages of modifications in techniques. The results were compared between surgeons. This daily evaluation allowed a better analysis than a retrospective study compared with data in the literature. Permanent personal reevaluation was one of the practical consequences of the study considered to be and enriching experience.

  4. Department

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2016-09-20

    Sep 20, 2016 ... Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Kibabii University. 2. Department .... be seen that average rainfall exhibited a cyclic pattern with a reducing trend under both scenarios .... Department of Meteorology, University.

  5. John Carroll's Department of Communication: Growth at a Small University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Jacqueline J.

    1999-01-01

    Examines the Department of Communications at John Carroll University from 1984 to 1999 when the university undergraduate enrollment increased 40% while department graduates increased 67%, faculty increased 120%, course offerings and programs increased 100%, and the department moved into a new building with upgraded facilities. Presents seven…

  6. Reflective Decision Making among University Department Heads across Academic Disciplines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kampmann, Jennifer A.

    2012-01-01

    Within the scope of leadership and management, decision making greatly defines the role of university administrator, in particular, the university department head and his/her ability to be a reflective practitioner in the realm of decision making. Decision making is one characteristic of university department head work which warrants close…

  7. Ear, Nose, Throat, Head and Neck Surgery Department Functioning as a Team in Nigeria: Any Benefit?

    OpenAIRE

    Adobamen, P. R. O. C.; Egbage, E. E.

    2012-01-01

    To call attention to the synergistic benefit of working as a team in a clinical department and to encourage others, to emulate this pattern of patients’ care for better results. Patients that were seen at the Ear, Nose, Throat, Head and Neck Surgery Clinic of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria, who had the benefit of their cases reviewed by more than one consultant were included into the study. Parameters retrieved from the case notes included number of consultants...

  8. 'Department of Chemistry, Addis Ahaba University, Box 1176, Addis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Lund, Box 124,. S-221 O0 ... with immobilized enzyme reactors in flow systems because of its clinical and industrial importance. ... Reaction scheme for the determinatiot: of glucose and ATP.

  9. Developing a qualitative research culture in university psychology departments

    OpenAIRE

    Frost, Nollaig; Barry, Richard

    2010-01-01

    We are academics in the Department of Psychology, Middlesex University. Nollaig’s research is primarily qualitative and Richard’s primarily quantitative. We form part of a team responsible for developing and delivering Research Methods modules to students at undergraduate and postgraduate level. In this paper, we draw on our experiences and those of colleagues to discuss some challenges (and possible solutions) to changing the research culture in a psychology department.

  10. Metacognitive Theory and Levels of History Department Students, Karabuk University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candan, Ahmet Sait

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to study the levels of metacognition of students of History Department of Karabuk University and whether they differ according to their variables terms. Screening model was used in this study. Basic information about the concept of metacognition and metacognitive theory from movement of national and international literature were…

  11. 75 FR 5105 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department... Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI. The human remains and associated funerary... anthropologist in the Anthropology Department at Western Michigan University, studied the human remains....

  12. Depart

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2017-01-26

    Jan 26, 2017 ... Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, ... informal automobile workshops in virtually every open space in Nigerian cities that ..... plantation to encourage a green society and.

  13. E.N.M. Simon, DDS, Lecturer, Department of Oral Surgery and Oral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2002-01-01

    Jan 1, 2002 ... E.N.M. Simon, DDS, Lecturer, Department of Oral Surgery and Oral Pathology, .... posterior region, that is, premolar molar-ramus region .... About one third of the patients presented within the first .... as swelling and pain.

  14. 76 FR 36152 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-21

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department.... Western Michigan University, Department of Anthropology has completed an inventory of human remains and..., Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the...

  15. 76 FR 28078 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department..., Anthropology Department, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... associated funerary objects may contact the Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department....

  16. 75 FR 36671 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department... Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI. The human remains and associated funerary... and associated funerary objects should contact LouAnn Wurst, Department of Anthropology,...

  17. 75 FR 67998 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-04

    ... Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI AGENCY: National..., Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI. The human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from... physical anthropologist in the Anthropology Department at Western Michigan University, studied the...

  18. 76 FR 14057 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Wyoming, Anthropology Department, Human Remains...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Wyoming, Anthropology Department, Human... possession and control of the University of Wyoming Anthropology Department, Human Remains Repository... of Wyoming, Anthropology Department, Human Remains Repository, professional staff in...

  19. 76 FR 28077 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department, Kalamazoo, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Anthropology Department..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... affiliated with the human remains may contact the Western Michigan University, Department of...

  20. 76 FR 14058 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Wyoming, Anthropology Department, Human Remains...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Wyoming, Anthropology Department, Human... University of Wyoming Anthropology Department, Human Remains Repository, Laramie, WY. The human remains were..., Anthropology Department, Human Remains Repository, professional staff in consultation with representatives...

  1. 75 FR 5108 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Wyoming, Anthropology Department, Human Remains...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Wyoming, Anthropology Department, Human... possession and control of the University of Wyoming, Anthropology Department, Human Remains Repository... notice. A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by University of Wyoming,...

  2. Universal definition of perioperative bleeding in adult cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyke, Cornelius; Aronson, Solomon; Dietrich, Wulf; Hofmann, Axel; Karkouti, Keyvan; Levi, Marcel; Murphy, Gavin J; Sellke, Frank W; Shore-Lesserson, Linda; von Heymann, Christian; Ranucci, Marco

    2014-05-01

    Perioperative bleeding is common among patients undergoing cardiac surgery; however, the definition of perioperative bleeding is variable and lacks standardization. We propose a universal definition for perioperative bleeding (UDPB) in adult cardiac surgery in an attempt to precisely describe and quantify bleeding and to facilitate future investigation into this difficult clinical problem. The multidisciplinary International Initiative on Haemostasis Management in Cardiac Surgery identified a common definition of perioperative bleeding as an unmet need. The functionality and usefulness of the UDPB for clinical research was then tested using a large single-center, nonselected, cardiac surgical database. A multistaged definition for perioperative bleeding was created based on easily measured clinical end points, including total blood loss from chest tubes within 12 hours, allogeneic blood products transfused, surgical reexploration including cardiac tamponade, delayed sternal closure, and the need for salvage treatment. Depending on these components, bleeding is graded as insignificant, mild, moderate, severe, or massive. When applied to an established cardiac surgery dataset, the UDPB provided insight into the incidence and outcome of bleeding after cardiac surgery. The proposed UDPB in adult cardiac surgery provides a precise classification of bleeding that is useful in everyday practice as well as in clinical research. Once fully validated, the UDPB may be useful as an institutional quality measure and serve as an important end point in future cardiac surgical research. Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. M. Misauno, FWACS, Department of Surgery, Jos University ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-09-01

    Sep 1, 2007 ... solid organ injury was detected in two patients with ultrasound. Diagnostic peritoneal .... prolapse through the hole and partly seal it making early signs ... faecal fistula, pelvic abscess and superficial wound infection. Thorough ...

  4. Department of Surgery, Kenyatta National Hospital, University of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2001-05-05

    May 5, 2001 ... Eighty five per cent of the patients with systolic BP of less than 90. mmHg on admission died ..... more frequently detected and promptly corrected arterial hypotension is more ... intracranial pressure monitoring. In this study ...

  5. Ear, nose, throat, head and neck surgery department functioning as a team in Nigeria: any benefit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adobamen, P R O C; Egbage, E E

    2014-01-01

    To call attention to the synergistic benefit of working as a team in a clinical department and to encourage others, to emulate this pattern of patients' care for better results. Patients that were seen at the Ear, Nose, Throat, Head and Neck Surgery Clinic of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria, who had the benefit of their cases reviewed by more than one consultant were included into the study. Parameters retrieved from the case notes included number of consultants that reviewed each case, age, sex of patients, diagnosis, whether there was controversy, complimentary or synergistic benefit from the team work. 124 patients completed the study. 99 patients (79.84%) were reviewed by two consultants and 25 (20.16%) were reviewed by three of the four consultants available in the department. 79 (63.71%) patients had the benefit of a complimentary management, while 38 (30.65%) had synergistic benefit from the team work. Intradepartmental team work in patient management produces synergistic benefit for patients and more experience among consultant staff.

  6. Process mapping of PTA and stent placement in a university hospital interventional radiology department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Bucourt, Maximilian; Busse, Reinhard; Güttler, Felix; Reinhold, Thomas; Vollnberg, Bernd; Kentenich, Max; Hamm, Bernd; Teichgräber, Ulf K

    2012-08-01

    To apply the process mapping technique in an interdisciplinary approach in order to visualize, better understand, and efficiently organize percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stent placement procedures in a university hospital's interventional radiology department. After providing an overview of seven established mapping techniques for medical professionals, the process mapping technique was chosen and applied in an interdisciplinary approach including referrers (physicians, nurses, and other staff in referring departments, e.g., vascular surgery), providers (interventional radiologists, nurses, technicians, and staff of the angiography suite), and specialists of the hospital's controlling department. A generally binding and standardized process map was created, describing the entire procedure for a patient in whom the radiological intervention of PTA or stent treatment is contemplated from admission to the department of vascular surgery until discharge after successful treatment. This visualization tool assists in better understanding (especially given natural staff fluctuation over time) and efficiently organizing PTA and stent procedures. Process mapping can be applied for streamlining workflow in healthcare, especially in interdisciplinary settings. By defining exactly what a business entity does, who is responsible, to what standard a process should be completed, and how the success can be assessed, this technique can be used to eliminate waste and inefficiencies from the workplace while providing high-quality goods and services easily, quickly, and inexpensively. Process mapping can be used in a university hospital's interventional radiology department. • Process mapping can describe the patient's entire process from admission to PTA/stent placement until discharge. • Process mapping can be used in interdisciplinary teams (e.g., referrers, providers, and controlling specialists). • Process mapping can be used in order to more efficiently

  7. Contribution of the outpatient surgery unit ITO the general surgery department of a district hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrasco; Flores; Aguayo; de Andres B; Moreno Egea A; Cartagena; De Vicente JP; Martin

    2000-07-01

    Introduction: The creation of Outpatient Surgery (OPS) units to combine the quality of medical attention and rationalize costs allows for greater efficiency in the use of resources. Aim: To report our series of patients undergoing surgery at the OPS units integrated into our Hospital (Type II): Patients and method: Between May 1994 and March 1998, 832 outpatients, of a total of 5230, underwent surgery at our General Surgery Unit. The criteria for exclusion from the programme depended on the patient and the enviroment or resulted from the operation itself. Results: Mean patient age was 47.5 years; there were 420 males and 412 females. Surgery was performed for 229 inguinofemoral hernias, 47 umbilical-epigastric hernias, nine incisional hernias, 193 pilonidal sinuses, 156 mammary nodules, 65 varicose veins, 64 arteriovenous fistulae and 69 proctology operations. The most common anesthesia techniques performed were rachianesthesia and local anesthesia. Eight point seven percent of the patients required admission (OPS failure), the most frequent causes being excessive pain, orthostatic-syncopal hypotension, nausea and vomiting and urine retention. There was no morbidity or mortality. Conclusion: OPS is a highly efficient procedure for resolving the most common pathologies in General Surgery. The anesthesia technique was an important factor in the rate of failure.

  8. Increasing Department of Surgery Productivity: A Study on the Effects of Adding an Ambulatory Surgery Room to Tripler Army Medical Center

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vaseliades, Aristotle A

    2006-01-01

    ...) to increase productivity in terms of relative value units (RVUs). Tripler Army Medical Center submitted 12 initiatives, one of which was the implementation of an ambulatory surgery room within the Department of Surgery...

  9. National Institutes of Health Funding to Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery at U.S. Medical Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvestre, Jason; Ahn, Jaimo; Levin, L Scott

    2017-01-18

    The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the largest supporter of biomedical research in the U.S., yet its contribution to orthopaedic research is poorly understood. In this study, we analyzed the portfolio of NIH funding to departments of orthopaedic surgery at U.S. medical schools. The NIH RePORT (Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools) database was queried for NIH grants awarded to departments of orthopaedic surgery in 2014. Funding totals were determined for award mechanisms and NIH institutes. Trends in NIH funding were determined for 2005 to 2014 and compared with total NIH extramural research funding. Funding awarded to orthopaedic surgery departments was compared with that awarded to departments of other surgical specialties in 2014. Characteristics of NIH-funded principal investigators were obtained from department web sites. In 2014, 183 grants were awarded to 132 investigators at 44 departments of orthopaedic surgery. From 2005 to 2014, NIH funding increased 24.3%, to $54,608,264 (p = 0.030), but the rates of increase seen did not differ significantly from those of NIH extramural research funding as a whole (p = 0.141). Most (72.6%) of the NIH funding was awarded through the R01 mechanism, with a median annual award of $343,980 (interquartile range [IQR], $38,372). The majority (51.1%) of the total funds supported basic science research, followed by translational (33.0%), clinical (10.0%), and educational (5.9%) research. NIH-funded orthopaedic principal investigators were predominately scientists whose degree was a PhD (71.1%) and who were male (79.5%). Eleven NIH institutes were represented, with the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) providing the preponderance (74.2%) of the funding. In 2014, orthopaedic surgery ranked below the surgical departments of general surgery, ophthalmology, obstetrics and gynecology, otolaryngology, and urology in terms of NIH funding received. The percentage increase of NIH

  10. "Does the Organization of Plastic Surgery Units into Independent Departments Affect Academic Productivity?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loewenstein, Scott N; Duquette, Stephen; Valsangkar, Nakul; Avula, Umakanth; Lad, Neha; Socas, Juan; Flores, Roberto L; Sood, Rajiv; Koniaris, Leonidas G

    2017-07-12

    There is an increased push for plastic surgery units in the United States to become independent departments administered autonomously rather than as divisions of a multispecialty surgery department. The purpose of this research was to determine if there are any quantifiable differences in the academic performance of departments versus divisions. Using a list of the plastic surgery units affiliated with The American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons (ACAPS), unit websites were queried for departmental status and to obtain a list of affiliated faculty. Academic productivity was then quantified using the SCOPUS database. National Institute of Health (NIH) funding was determined through the Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools database. Plastic surgery departments were comparable to divisions in academic productivity, evidenced by a similar number of publications per faculty (38.9 versus 38.7; p=0.94), number of citations per faculty (692 versus 761; p=0.64), H-indices (9.9 versus 9.9; p=0.99), and NIH grants (3.25 versus 2.84; p=0.80), including RO1 grants (1.33 versus 0.84; p=0.53). There was a trend for departments to have a more equitable male to female ratio (2.8 versus 4.1; p=0.06), and departments trained a greater number of integrated plastic surgery residents (9.0 versus 5.28; p=0.03). This study demonstrates that the academic performance of independent plastic surgery departments is generally similar to divisions, but with nuanced distinctions.

  11. Department

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2017-05-25

    May 25, 2017 ... Department of Animal production Federal University of Technology Minna – Niger state,. Nigeria ... principles by poultry farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria. The ma .... usually incur by broiler and layer farmers ... A multi-stage sampling technique .... their birds under intensive care, which is ... husbandry system.

  12. 76 FR 14067 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Massachusetts, Department of Anthropology, Amherst...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... Anthropology, Amherst, MA and Nantucket Historical Association, Nantucket, MA AGENCY: National Park Service... funerary object in the possession of the University of Massachusetts, Department of Anthropology, Amherst... human remains was made by University of Massachusetts, Department of Anthropology, professional staff...

  13. 76 FR 36145 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Department of Anthropology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-21

    ... Anthropology, Kalamazoo, MI AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Western Michigan University, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary... may contact Western Michigan University, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human...

  14. 76 FR 36149 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Western Michigan University, Department of Anthropology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-21

    ... Anthropology, Kalamazoo, MI AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Western Michigan University, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary... associated funerary objects may contact the Western Michigan University, Department of...

  15. 78 FR 59962 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Anthropology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... Anthropology, Amherst, MA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated... request to the University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Anthropology. If no...

  16. The majority of surgical departments adhere to national Danish guidelines for surveillance after colorectal cancer surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lykke, Jakob; Roikjær, Ole; Jess, Per

    2013-01-01

    In 2003 the use of post-operative surveillance (POS) after surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC) in Denmark was studied. Diversity in the choice and frequency of surveillance modalities was found. Subsequently, the Danish Colorectal Cancer Group (DCCG) has published guidelines for POS. In the same...... period, the number of departments performing CRC surgery has been reduced by 50% nationally. The aim of the present study was to describe the POS after CRC in Denmark following a reduction in the number of departments performing operations for CRC and the DCCG's publication of national recommendations...

  17. [Abdominal unplanned reoperations in the Service of General Surgery, University Hospital of Puebla].

    Science.gov (United States)

    León-Asdrúbal, Samuel Báez; Juárez-de la Torre, Juan Carlos; Navarro-Tovar, Fernando; Heredia-Montaño, Mónica; Quintero-Cabrera, José Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    The reoperation is considered as the access to the abdominal cavity before complete healing of the surgical wound from a previous operation within the first 60 days after the first procedure. It occurs in 0.5 to 15% of patients undergoing abdominal surgery and generates significant increase in morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Identify the number of unplanned abdominal surgical reoperations and identify the causes of these unplanned reoperations were performed in our department. This is a retrospective study conducted at the University Hospital of Puebla in the period between April 2009 to February 2012, a total of 1,709 abdominal surgeries performed by the Service of General Surgery were included. Ninety-seven cases of reoperation of which 50 cases were not planned surgery cases were identified; 72% (36 cases) from emergency operations, and 28% of elective surgery. The incidence found in our study is low compared to similar studies. Prospective studies and focus on risk factors and causes of unplanned reoperations are required, in order to know them in detail and, consequently, reduce its incidence and morbidity and mortality they add.

  18. 76 FR 80401 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-23

    ... Inventory Completion: University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, Denver, CO... University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, Denver, CO. The human remains and... transferred to Fallis F. Rees, who donated them to the University of Denver Department of Anthropology...

  19. 2007 University Exemplary Department Award honors industrial and systems engineering; apparel, housing, and resource management; and University Academic Advising Center

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2007-01-01

    The Grado Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering in the College of Engineering; the Department of Apparel, Housing, and Resource Management in the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences; and University Academic Advising Center will receive the 2007 University Exemplary Department Awards at ceremonies to be held Tuesday, Nov. 27 at The Inn at Virginia Tech.

  20. [Early recognition of deteriorating patient program in department of cardiac surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Chunxiang; Mao, Ping; Xiao, Peng; Zeng, Sainan; Xie, Jianfei; Ding, Siqing

    2014-03-01

    To explore the application and the effect of early recognition of deteriorating patient program in department of cardiac surgery. We used the early recognition of deteriorating patient program in the cardiac surgery groups, including cardiac surgeons, nurses in ward, ICU and operation rooms of the cardiac surgery department, and compared the satisfaction of nurses and doctors, handover time, handover score of critical patients, and rate of unplanned ICU admission before and after the intervention. After using the early recognition of deteriorating patient program, the satisfaction of doctors and nurses was increased, the handover time was lowered 0.56 min/time (t=2.22, Pcardiac patients, enhance the self-confidence of nurses and work efficiency.

  1. Oral surgical procedures and prevalence of oral diseases in Oral Surgery Department in Faculty of Dentistry Sarajevo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadeta Šečić

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study is to determine prevalence of oral diseases and oral surgical procedures at Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University in Sarajevo.Methods: The current study is retrospective analysis of oral surgical procedures performed from January 2011 to December 2012 at Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University in Sarajevo. The data were statistically analyzed by T-test of independent samples and using Chi-squared test. P value lower than 0,001 was considered to be statistically significant.Results: A total of 1299 patients were included in study. The age range is from 18 to 84 years, with mean age ± SD= 35±15 years. There were 42 different clinical diagnoses, and 13 diagnoses appeared in more than 1% of all patients. Impacted and semi-impacted teeth, periapical lesions and retained roots are the most frequent diagnoses and represent 68% of all diagnoses. Embedded and impacted teeth (35% and diseases of pulp and periapical tissues (31% are the most frequent diagnoses with respect of ICD-10. Impacted teeth is the most common diagnosis and removal of impacted third molars is the most common oral surgical procedure.Conclusion: Study points out variety of dentoalveolar patology and complexity of dental health care that often requires interdisciplinary approach in order to achieve optimal outcome for patient.

  2. Perceptions of society for vascular surgery members and surgery department chairs of the integrated 0 + 5 vascular surgery training paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiguchi, Misaki; Leake, Andrew; Switzer, Galen; Mitchell, Erica; Makaroun, Michel; Chaer, Rabih A

    2014-01-01

    As the first generation of integrated (0 + 5) vascular surgery (VS) residents enter the job market, this survey sought to understand how the surgical community perceives this training paradigm. An anonymous online survey was e-mailed to surgery chairpersons (n = 193) and Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) members (n = 2193) in the United States/Canada with 26% (n = 38) and 14% (n = 309) response rates, respectively. Respondents were asked about their practice background, residency program, hiring patterns, and perceptions of the 0 + 5 training. Response rates were 26% (n = 38) and 14% (n = 309) for surgery chairpersons and SVS members, respectively. SVS respondents were from academic (62%) and private (38%) practices and included staff surgeons (62%), program directors (15%), and division chiefs (22%). Only 33% had a 0 + 5 program, and 57% had a VS fellowship. Overall, 94% were likely to hire a new vascular surgeon in the next 5 years. In some categories, SVS respondents believed 0 + 5 residents would be less prepared than 5 + 2 residents. Only 32% thought that 0 + 5 residents have the same level of surgical maturity, and 36% thought that they have the same level of open operative skills as 5 + 2 trainees. Another 34% thought 0 + 5 residents will need additional fellowship training in open surgery. However, there was also a general perception from SVS respondents that 0 + 5 residents would be prepared for clinical practice (67%) and would have equal endovascular skills to 5 + 2 trainees (92%). The chairpersons had similar perceptions as SVS members. Both SVS members (88%) and chairpersons (86%) would consider interviewing a 0 + 5 graduate for faculty position; 83% and 72%, respectively, would consider hiring. Moreover, 93% of SVS respondents who currently have a 0 + 5 program and 86% of SVS respondents who do not would consider hiring a 0 + 5 graduate. Both SVS members (62%) and chairpersons (50%) believed the 0 + 5 paradigm is essential for the advancement of VS

  3. An Introduction to Department of Electrical Engineering in Tsinghua University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min Yong; Xia Qing

    2009-01-01

    @@ History As one of the earliest established engineering departments in Tsinghua University,the Department of Electrical Engineering was built in 1932(Fig.1).The department has a proud history and outstanding reputation for its rigorous academic atmosphere and achievements in research,innovation and enterprise dating back to more than 70 years.

  4. 78 FR 22286 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. If no additional...

  5. 76 FR 43714 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Oregon State University Department of Anthropology, Corvallis, OR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-21

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Oregon State University Department of Anthropology... Department of Anthropology has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... affiliated with the human remains may contact the Oregon State University Department of...

  6. 75 FR 57493 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology & Ethnic Studies, University of Nevada...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-21

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology & Ethnic Studies... ] object in the possession of the Department of Anthropology & Ethnic Studies, University of Nevada Las... assessment of the human remains was made by the Department of Anthropology & Ethnic Studies, University...

  7. 78 FR 5200 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  8. 78 FR 5198 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to...

  9. 76 FR 43716 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Oregon State University Department of Anthropology, Corvallis, OR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-21

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Oregon State University Department of Anthropology... Department of Anthropology has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... affiliated with the human remains may contact ] the Oregon State University Department of...

  10. 77 FR 51563 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains...

  11. 78 FR 19297 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  12. 78 FR 25471 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in... Burke Museum acting on behalf of the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology....

  13. 77 FR 32983 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology Museum at the University of California...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology Museum at the University... Department of Anthropology Museum at the University of California, Davis, has completed an inventory of human... itself to be culturally affiliated with the human remains may contact the Department of...

  14. 77 FR 32991 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology Museum at the University of California...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology Museum at the University... Department of Anthropology Museum at the University of California, Davis, has completed an inventory of human... itself to be culturally affiliated with the human remains may contact the Department of...

  15. 75 FR 435 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology, University of... completion of an inventory of human remains in the possession and control of the Department of Anthropology... assessment of the human remains was made by the Department of Anthropology, University of...

  16. CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    lbadan, Nigeria. Reprint requests to: Dr. V. O. Adegboye, Department Of Surgery, University College Hospital, Iberian,. Nigeria. ... been shown to be related to the rate of bleeding. .... patients after an interval of conservative/medical treatment.

  17. Is expertise in pediatric surgery necessary to perform laparoscopic splenectomy in children? An experience from a department of general surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guaglio, Marcello; Romano, Fabrizio; Garancini, Mattia; Degrate, Luca; Luperto, Margherita; Uggeri, Fabio; Scotti, Mauro; Uggeri, Franco

    2012-06-01

    Splenectomy is frequently required in children for various hematologic pathologic findings. Because of progress in minimally invasive techniques, laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has become feasible. The objective of this report is to present a monocentric experience and to evaluate the efficacy of and complications observed after laparoscopic splenic procedures in a department of general surgery. 57 consecutive LSs have been performed in a pediatric population between January 2000 and October 2010. There were 33 females and 24 males with a median age of 12 years (range 4-17). Indications were: hereditary spherocytosis 38 cases, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura 10, sickle cell disease (SCD) 6, thrombocytopenic thrombotic purpura 2 and non-hodgkin lymphoma 1 case. Patients were operated on using right semilateral position, employing Atlas Ligasure vessel sealing system in 49 cases (86%) and Harmonic Scalpel + EndoGIA in 8. In 24 patients (42.1%), a cholecystectomy was associated. Two patients required conversion to open splenectomy (3.5%). In three cases, a minilaparotomy was performed for spleen removal (5.2%). Accessory spleens were identified in three patients (5.2%). Complications (8.8%) included bleeding (two), abdominal collection (one) and pleural effusion (two). There was no mortality. Average operative time was 128 min (range 80-220). Average length of stay was 3 days (range 2-7). Mean blood loss was 80 ml (range 30-500) with a transfusion rate of 1.7% (one patient). Laparoscopic spleen surgery is safe, reliable and effective in the pediatric population with hematologic disorders and is associated with minimal morbidity, zero mortality, and a short length of stay. Ligasure vessel sealing system shortened operative time and blood loss. On the basis of the results, we consider laparoscopic approach the gold standard for the treatment of these patients even in a department of general surgery.

  18. Air quality in Ain Shams University Surgery Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Awady, M Y; El Rahman, A T Abd; Al Bagoury, L S; Mossad, I M

    2014-12-01

    Through air sampling, it was possible to evaluate microbial contamination in environments at high risk of infection, and to check the efficiency of ventilation system and the medical team's hygiene procedures. This study measured the concentration of particulate matter (PM) 2.5 or less microns and microbiological organisms in operating rooms (OR), intensive care units (ICU) and emergency rooms (ER) in Ain Shams University Surgery Hospital, and to assess ventilation characteristics in operating rooms in the hospital. The passive air sampling was done from ICUs, ORs, and ERs in Ain Shams University Surgery Hospital. Also for each operating room, an observational checklist was done to record other factors that may affect air quality in the room. The evaluated air quality indices were: suspended (PM) 2.5 micrometer or less, culture media and microbial identification of bacteria and fungi, and temperature and relative humidity. The results showed that the highest mean found for bacterial (105.70±30.49) and fungi concentration (7.50±5.30) was in ER. The three settings did not differ statistically as regard levels of PM 2.5, temperature, and relative humidity. A positive correlation exits between bacteria and fungi concentration on one hand and relative humidity on the other. Diphteroid, CONS, MRSA, S. aureus, and Anthracoid were the most frequent isolated bacterial types, while Penicillium and Asperigillus fumigatus were the most frequent isolated fungi. In operating rooms, the percent of unmasked persons present and the temperature positively influence the bacterial count, while ventilation condition is negatively influencing fungi count, and the number of persons present in the operating room positively affects the PM level.

  19. A comparison of medical litigation filed against obstetrics and gynecology, internal medicine, and surgery departments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamasaki, Tomoko; Hagihara, Akihito

    2015-10-24

    The aim of this study was to review the typical factors related to physician's liability in obstetrics and gynecology departments, as compared to those in internal medicine and surgery, regarding a breach of the duty to explain. This study involved analyzing 366 medical litigation case reports from 1990 through 2008 where the duty to explain was disputed. We examined relationships between patients, physicians, variables related to physician's explanations, and physician's breach of the duty to explain by comparing mean values and percentages in obstetrics and gynecology, internal medicine, and surgical departments with the t-test and χ(2) test. When we compared the reasons for decisions in cases where the patient won, we found that the percentage of cases in which the patient's claim was recognized was the highest for both physician negligence, including errors of judgment and procedural mistakes, and breach of the duty to explain, in obstetrics and gynecology departments; breach of the duty to explain alone in internal medicine departments; and mistakes in medical procedures alone in surgical departments (p = 0.008). When comparing patients, the rate of death was significantly higher than that of other outcomes in precedents where a breach of the duty to explain was acknowledged (p = 0.046). The proportion of cases involving obstetrics and gynecology departments, in which care was claimed to be substandard at the time of treatment, and that were not argued as breach of a duty to explain, was significantly higher than those of other evaluated departments (p obstetrics and gynecology departments, the proportion of cases in which it had been conceded that the duty to explain had been breached when seeking patient approval (or not) was significantly higher than in other departments (p = 0.002). It is important for physicians working in obstetrics and gynecology departments to carefully explain the risk of death associated with any planned procedure, and to obtain

  20. Evaluating Service Quality in Universities: A Service Department Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Gareth; Smith, Alison; Clarke, Alison

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to report on an in-depth exploration of service quality in an Information Technology service department in a Higher Education Institute (HEI) and to evaluate the instrument used. Design/methodology/approach: The study surveys customers using the SERVQUAL instrument, which is one of the most widely used and…

  1. Exploring the Tensions and Ambiguities of University Department Chairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Denise E.; Woloshyn, Vera E.

    2017-01-01

    The department chair is a complex middle-management position located at the organizational fulcrum between faculty and senior administration. This qualitative study sought to develop a deeper understanding of chairs' experiences when enacting their dual roles as managers and scholars. Using a basic interpretative study design, we interviewed 10…

  2. 77 FR 5837 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: University of Denver Department of Anthropology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, Denver, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, in consultation... the cultural items may contact the University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum...

  3. 77 FR 23502 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, Denver, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, Denver, CO, has completed...

  4. 75 FR 52364 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology and Ethnic Studies, University of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-25

    ... Completion: Department of Anthropology and Ethnic Studies, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV... of Anthropology & Ethnic Studies, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV. The human remains... in this notice. A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Department of...

  5. 75 FR 14463 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology... Anthropology, Seattle, WA. The human remains were removed from Huckleberry Island, Skagit County, WA. This... assessment of the human remains was made by the University of Washington, Department of Anthropology...

  6. Promotion of Biotechnology amongst Students by University Departments in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boshoff, N.; Treptow, R. F.

    2011-01-01

    University departments (including schools and centres) with a direct or indirect link to biotechnology were identified. Representatives at these entities were surveyed to establish what measures South African universities are undertaking to promote biotechnology amongst students. Of the 168 departments identified, 55 submitted usable…

  7. Promotion of Biotechnology amongst Students by University Departments in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boshoff, N.; Treptow, R. F.

    2011-01-01

    University departments (including schools and centres) with a direct or indirect link to biotechnology were identified. Representatives at these entities were surveyed to establish what measures South African universities are undertaking to promote biotechnology amongst students. Of the 168 departments identified, 55 submitted usable…

  8. 75 FR 13093 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Acquisition University Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-18

    ... University Board of Visitors AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Renewal of Federal advisory... amended), and 41 CFR 102-3.50(c), the Department of Defense gives notice that it is renewing the charter for the Defense Acquisition University Board of Visitors (hereafter referred to as the Board)....

  9. 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Stellenbosch, Cape Town ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PARRY ET AL. introDuction. The World Health Organization (WHO)'s ... tobacco and other drug use and associated problems, (ii) ... the impact of a broad range of universal, se- lected and ...... tics for Windows, Version 20.0. Armonk,. NY: IBM ...

  10. The Business of Universities and the Role of Department Chair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hancock, Terence M.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to analyze traditional duties of academic administrators in light of fundamental changes in the ways universities operate, increasing demands in teaching, research and costs management, and a looming shortage of qualified faculty, to determine need and opportunity for a better administrative design.…

  11. [Consequences of the Foundation of a University Centre for Orthopaedics and Accident Surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneiders, W; Dittmann, U; Hannemann, F; Jäger, M; Eberlein-Gonska, M; Schaser, K D; Zwipp, H; Günther, K-P

    2016-12-01

    Background: Since the combination of orthopaedic and traumatology surgery as a single speciality, an extremely wide variety of orthopaedic and trauma surgery centres have been founded in Germany. The present investigation analysed the degree to which additional value has been generated by merging two previously independent university departments - one for orthopaedics, the other for trauma surgery - into a single orthopaedics and trauma surgery centre. Material and Methods: The centre, merged in 1 June 2013, is led by two equal co-chairs (a full professor for orthopaedics and a full professor for trauma surgery). It consists of an acute division and five other divisions for specific parts of the body. The pre-existing certifications (level 1 trauma- and joint arthroplasty centre) were maintained in the new merged entity. Data from patient and employee questionnaires, as well as key economic indicators, were compared before and after the merger. Results: 11 % of the patients rated the medical treatment as mediocre or bad before the merger. After the merger, 5.7 % of the patients were moderately satisfied or unsatisfied; 92 % would recommend the merged centre to others and would return for further treatment. The evaluation of patient complaints before and after the merger showed no change. The evaluation of the employee questionnaires showed heterogeneous results. Overall, positive evaluations predominated, but in areas where there had been major changes, negative aspects were occasionally reported. The merger did not bring about any essential change in the number of in-patients (2012: 6693; 2014: 6649) or in the severity of the medical cases (CMI in 2012: 1.41; in 2014: 1.45). But in 2015, there was an increase in the number of in-patients (6837) and in the CMI (1.54). In the out-patient clinic, the merger led to a reduction in the material costs per patient (2012: 3.53 €/patient; 2014: 3.07 €/patient) and in the staff costs. The material costs for the

  12. The Physics Department of the Moscow University; Historical-Biographycal Handbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levshin, L. V.

    The handbook by one of the professors of the Physics Department of the Moscow University gives allmost a comprehensive information about the Physics Department in a histoprical retrospective, beggining with very early times of the development of the Physics research at the Lomonosov University. The book includes a list of rectors of the Moscow University- physicists, a least of Deans and departments Chiefs, a list of Honors, Prizes, Awards and Decorations received by professors and researchers from the Physics Deprtment, a list of doctoral works defenced at the Scientific Councils of the Physics Department of the University, a list of researchers from the Department which take part from Scientific societies former Soviet, Russian or foreign, a list of funeral monuments at the cemeteries in Moscow, where physicsists from the Moscow University are burried. A very complete index of names can be found at the finish of the book.

  13. Effect of Bariatric Surgery on Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations for Atrial Fibrillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimada, Yuichi J; Tsugawa, Yusuke; Camargo, Carlos A; Brown, David F M; Hasegawa, Kohei

    2017-09-15

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) and obesity are major health problems in the United States. However, little is known about whether bariatric surgery affects AF-related morbidities. This study investigated whether bariatric surgery is associated with short-term and long-term changes in the risk of emergency department (ED) visits or hospitalizations for AF. We performed a self-controlled case series study of obese adults with AF who underwent bariatric surgery by using population-based ED and inpatient databases in California, Florida, and Nebraska from 2005 to 2011. The primary outcome was ED visit or hospitalization for AF. We used conditional logistic regression to compare each patient's risk of the outcome event during sequential 12-month periods, using presurgery months 13 to 24 as a reference period. Our sample consisted of 523 obese adults with AF who underwent bariatric surgery. The median age was 57 years (interquartile range 48 to 64 years), 59% were female, and 84% were non-Hispanic white. During the reference period, 15.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 12.7% to 19.0%) of patients had an ED visit or hospitalization for AF. The risk remained similar in the subsequent 12-month presurgery period (adjusted OR [aOR] 1.29 [95% CI, 0.94 to 1.76] p = 0.11). In contrast, the risk significantly increased within 12 months after bariatric surgery (aOR 1.53 [95% CI 1.13 to 2.07] p = 0.006). The risk remained elevated during 13-24 months after bariatric surgery (aOR 1.41 [95% CI, 1.03 to 1.91] p = 0.03). In conclusion, this population-based study demonstrated that bariatric surgery was associated with an increased risk of AF episodes requiring an ED visit or hospitalization for at least 2 years after surgery among obese patients with AF. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. The Implementation Analysis of Intellectual Capital to Department Performance in Padang State University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulastri sulastri

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to observe the effect of the age of the organization department in Padang State University on performance through human capital, structural capital and relational capital. The sample is all of department in Padang State University, which is 33 departments. The data were collected through questionnaires and analyzed using partial least squares (PLS. The results showed that the age of the department is not direct and significant impact on the department performance. While the age departments significantly affect the department's human capital, structural capital and relational capital. Furthermore, the human capital, structural capital and relational capital significantly positive affect the department performance. This research failed to prove the existence of variable human capital, structural capital and relational capital as a mediating variable but serves as an intervening variable. Its means that age of department performance cannot determine performance without increasing the human capital, structural capital and relational capital.

  15. The Department of Food Science at Aarhus University

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    The Dept. of Food Science at Aarhus University is all about food and food quality. Everyone has an expertise in food whether they are focused on taste, health-promoting qualities, sustainable food production or developing new food products. At Dept. of Food Science we carry out research on a high...... professional level in food quality and composition in the entire food chain from field to fork.......The Dept. of Food Science at Aarhus University is all about food and food quality. Everyone has an expertise in food whether they are focused on taste, health-promoting qualities, sustainable food production or developing new food products. At Dept. of Food Science we carry out research on a high...

  16. The Department of Food Science at Aarhus University

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    The Dept. of Food Science at Aarhus University is all about food and food quality. Everyone has an expertise in food whether they are focused on taste, health-promoting qualities, sustainable food production or developing new food products. At Dept. of Food Science we carry out research on a high...... professional level in food quality and composition in the entire food chain from field to fork....

  17. 78 FR 5201 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated...

  18. 78 FR 11673 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains and associated funerary objects, in..., Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the...

  19. 77 FR 74868 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-18

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology, University of... Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Anthropology has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation..., Department of Anthropology. Repatriation of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated below may occur...

  20. 78 FR 19298 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology, Seattle, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Washington, Department of Anthropology..., Department of Anthropology, has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate... Washington, Department of Anthropology. Disposition of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated...

  1. 77 FR 5841 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology, University of... Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Anthropology has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation..., Department of Anthropology. Repatriation of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated below may occur...

  2. Treatment profiles in a Danish psychiatric university hospital department

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okkels, Niels; Mogensen, Rasmus Beyer; Crean, Lea Catherine

    2017-01-01

    -eight patients (94%) used psychotropic medication, 37 (19%) as monotherapy, and 148 (74%) in combination with non-pharmacological therapy. Ninety-seven (49%) had psychotherapy and 104 (52%) social support. Among inpatients, 21 (64%) had physical therapy, and 10 (30%) electroconvulsive therapy. In total, 163 (82......%) had non-pharmacological therapy. Fifty-two (26%) patients had monotherapy, and 148 (74%) polytherapy. Mean number of treatment modalities used per patient was 2.07 for all patients and 3.23 for inpatients. CONCLUSIONS: In this department, polytherapy including non-pharmacological modalities is applied...

  3. [Scientific activity of the University Urological Department in Budapest after WWII (1946-1956)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romics, I; Romics, M

    2016-04-01

    The authors studied the publications written by the staff of the University Department of Urology in Budapest, Hungary between 1946 and 1956. The collection was contributed on the occasion of Professor Babics's 10-year-long chairmanship. Over a period of 10 years, 214 papers were published by 15 urologists, including 3 books and 3 PhD theses; 16 papers were published in German, 22 in English, 2 in French, and 1 in Italian. The most frequent topic of the papers (26) was basic science (e.g., ureter motility, lymph circulation, intrarenal pressure condition). Other papers dealt with nephrology, artificial kidneys, TURP, and nephron-sparing renal surgery. Some articles examined various types of malignant tumors and benign prostatic hyperplasia, while 17 publications focused on the topic of andrology. Tuberculosis was also discussed by the authors. Despite political isolation, the communist dictatorship, poverty, the lack of health equipment, physicians educated before WWII with their work morality and hard work managed to perform contemporary clinical and basic scientific research.

  4. 75 FR 14462 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Central Washington University, Department of Anthropology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ... Anthropology, Ellensburg, WA, and Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington... of Anthropology, Ellensburg, WA, and the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum... Henebry-DeLeon, NAGPRA Program Director, Department of Anthropology, Central Washington...

  5. [Experience of Collaborative Research through Department of Medical Instrumental Research and Technology in Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saitoh, Kensuke

    2016-01-01

    Both of Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine which offers high, technical and safe medical treatment and Horiba, Ltd. which has small CBC analyzers in a core product established a joint research institute for development of advanced laboratory test analyzer from January 1, 2012 in Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine as the "advanced treatment hospital" where the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare has got approved. Clinical needs about analyzer and reagent for a laboratory test are being investigated to the emergency medical care unit and the intensive care unit as well as the laboratory test part in the affiliated hospital and many medical departments of the pediatrics, the internal medicine and the surgery. Developing the new analyzer based on high technology, evaluating the performance of them and spreading them to a medical examination and treatment site is our main target.

  6. 77 FR 15802 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Central Washington University Department of Anthropology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-16

    ... Anthropology, Ellensburg, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Central Washington University Department of Anthropology has completed an inventory of human remains in consultation... Department of Anthropology. Repatriation of the human remains to the Indian tribe stated below may occur...

  7. 77 FR 59969 - Notice of Inventory Completion: San Francisco State University, Department of Anthropology, San...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... Anthropology, San Francisco, CA; Correction AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice; correction... Department of Anthropology). The human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from Marin County... San Francisco State University Department of Anthropology records. In the Federal Register (73...

  8. Evaluation of Ninety-Three Major Greek University Departments Using Google Scholar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altanopoulou, Panagiota; Dontsidou, Maria; Tselios, Nikolaos

    2012-01-01

    In this article, 93 Greek university departments were evaluated according to their academics' h-index. A representative sample from the fields of social sciences and humanities, sciences, engineering, pharmacy and economics was adopted. In the reported study, 3354 (approximately 1 out of 3) academics serving in Greek universities were evaluated.…

  9. 78 FR 64007 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, Denver, CO; Correction AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice; correction. SUMMARY: The University of Denver Museum of Anthropology has corrected an inventory of...

  10. [Minimally invasive surgery in pediatric patients within a general urology department].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ríos, Jorge Subirá; Zalabardo, José Manuel Sánchez; Gil, Joaquín Navarro; Conejos, José Ignacio Hijazo; Alonso, Jesús García-Magariño; Calero, David García; López, José Antonio López; Uría, José Gabriel Valdivia

    2008-01-01

    The advances of minimally invasive surgery in urology over the last years have enabled a progressive and constant implementation of endourology and laparoscopy in pediatric patients. We perform a review of our experience, as a general hospital, with minimally invasive surgery performed in pediatric patients over the last ten years. We retrospectively analyzed the endourological and laparoscopic operations performed between 1997 and 2007 in children up to the age of 16 years, collecting data about patient's age and gender, type of disease, techniques, anesthesia, and perioperative events. seventy-two surgical operations were performed in patients with an age range between 28 days and 16 years, with a mean age of 6.8 years. 56% of the patients were boys and 44% girls. Indications for surgery was vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in 28 cases (38.8%); lithiasis 17 cases (23.6%) which were distributed in 4 cystolithotripsies, 9 ureterorenoscopy with lithotripsy, one pure percutaneous nephrolithotomy and three mixed; ureterocele 9 cases (12.5%); urethral obstruction 7 cases (9.7%); 3 diagnostic laparoscopies for cryptorchidism (4. 1%), 2 laparoscopic procedures for cystic pathology (2.7%), another 2 laparoscopic renal biopsies (2.7%), and one laparoscopic repair of a ureteropyelic junction syndrome; 1 case of emergency percutaneous nephrostomy in the supine position after open pyeloplasty with subsequent reoperation with percutaneous resection of a granuloma; and 1 case of botulin toxin injection into the detrusor muscle. The consolidation of pediatric endourology in our department, and more recently laparoscopy, has contributed to improve the quality of care in pediatric patients; it has been achieved thanks to our previous know-how in general endourological techniques and the existence of adequate technical and human resources.

  11. [ANALYSIS OF A NEW ORGANIZATIONAL MODEL APPLIED TO THE PHYSIOTERAPY SERVICE C/O SURGERY DEPARTMENTS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rancati, Jacopo Matteo; Incarbone, Fina Maria Teresa; Pinna, Selene; Panella, Lorenzo

    2015-01-01

    The lowering number of physiotherapists c/o surgery departments of Orthopaedic Institute Gaetano Pini of Milan, required the application of a new organizational model based on the centralization of government activities, in order to optimize employment of staff. A programming and reporting tool was developed throught a database. The collected data (from January to December 2013) related to the reported physiotherapists activities were analysed and matched to operating theater's activities in order to find the correlation value. The results are lined up the hypothesis stated in the planning phase of the organizational model's project (in absence of hystorical referral). Correlation between Physiotherapists and Operation Theather's activities was good (r=0.59), giving us a reliable predictional model. This study has some limitations mostly related to the resistence expressed by employees in the change management.

  12. Pattern of Nerve Blocks for Upper Limb Surgery at the University of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pattern of Nerve Blocks for Upper Limb Surgery at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital - A Ten Year Survey. ... Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. ... Lower limb surgery is amenable to central neural blockade techniques, ... Information about patient demographic characteristics, surgical indication, ...

  13. Bioengineering in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Western Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stachowiak, G W

    1991-01-01

    Although bioengineering is not formally taught in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Australia, undergraduate and postgraduate projects in this area are very popular among the students. Meetings of the research staff and students working in this area and in tribology in general are organized once a week where the research progress is reported and problems encountered are discussed. Very good collaboration has been established with the Royal Perth Hospital and the Departments of Anatomy and Pathology, University of Western Australia. The Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Australia, has been most helpful over the years in meeting financial needs. The Department has also received over the years some support from the West Australian Arthritic Research Foundation.

  14. Heart Surgery Experience in Hitit University Faculty of Medicine Corum Research and Training Hospital: First Year Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adem Diken

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: We aimed to assess the clinical outcomes of our department of cardiac surgery which was newly introduced in Hitit University Corum Education and Research Hospital. Material and Method: Between November 2012 and November 2013, a total of 110 open-heart surgeries were performed. Ten out of these (9.1% were emergency operations for acute ST elevation myocardial infarction Off-pump technique was used in 31 (29.2% patients and cardiopulmonary bypass was used in 75 (70.8%. A total of 106 patients received coronary artery bypass grafting, 1 received mitral reconstruction, 1 received Bentall procedure, 1 received tricuspid valve repair, 1 received mitral valve replacement, 1 received aortic valve replacement with aortic root enlargement and 1 received aortic supracoronary graft replacement. Results: Hospital mortality occurred in 1 (0.9% patient. Four patients (3.6% who were on dual antiaggregants underwent a revision for bleeding on the day of the operation. Morbidities occurred in 3 (2.7% patients. Atrial fibrillation occurred in 11 (10% patients and the normal sinus rhythm was achieved by amiodarone. Intraaortic balloon counterpulsation was used in 5 (4.5% patients. Discussion: The newly introduced cardiac surgery department of the Hitit University Corum Education and Research Hospital, which provides tertiary care to a wide rural community, serves with low morbidity and mortality.

  15. Prescription pattern in the department of surgery in a tribal district hospital of andhra pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khade, A; Bashir, Msm; Sheethal, A

    2013-07-01

    Usually, surgical management cannot be completed without the use of antimicrobial and analgesic drugs. Irrational prescription may lead to severe postoperative complications. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prescription trend in the surgery department of a tribal district hospital so as to determine the extent of rational use of medicines. It was a retrospective study in which 50 cases were selected randomly. Case records were analyzed for prescription trend. Data was analyzed using Microsoft Office Excel 2007 and values were presented descriptively. Most of the cases were between the age group of 21 and 40 years, 18 cases (36%). Commonest cause of hospitalization was renal calculi (10 (20%)) followed by acute abdomen and abscess (6, (12%)). Total of 255 numbers of drugs were used with an average of 5.1 drugs per patient. Most preferred route was intravenous route (174 drugs, 68.2%). Antimicrobial was the most common (97 (38.0%)) group of drugs followed by analgesic/antipyretics (50 (19.6%)). Among antimicrobials, ciprofloxacin (22 (22.7%)) was the most common drug followed by metronidazole (21 (18.5%)). All the cases were managed by empirical treatment. Two different antimicrobials were prescribed to 20 (40%) of cases. Dosage of 83 (32.6%) drugs was inappropriate while frequency was inappropriate in 26 (10.2%) cases. Urgent steps like specific guidelines, training, and monitoring of drugs use are needed to correct some irrational approaches.

  16. Bed Capacity Planning Using Stochastic Simulation Approach in Cardiac-surgery Department of Teaching Hospitals, Tehran, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torabipour, Amin; Zeraati, Hojjat; Arab, Mohammad; Rashidian, Arash; Akbari Sari, Ali; Sarzaiem, Mahmuod Reza

    2016-09-01

    To determine the hospital required beds using stochastic simulation approach in cardiac surgery departments. This study was performed from Mar 2011 to Jul 2012 in three phases: First, collection data from 649 patients in cardiac surgery departments of two large teaching hospitals (in Tehran, Iran). Second, statistical analysis and formulate a multivariate linier regression model to determine factors that affect patient's length of stay. Third, develop a stochastic simulation system (from admission to discharge) based on key parameters to estimate required bed capacity. Current cardiac surgery department with 33 beds can only admit patients in 90.7% of days. (4535 d) and will be required to over the 33 beds only in 9.3% of days (efficient cut off point). According to simulation method, studied cardiac surgery department will requires 41-52 beds for admission of all patients in the 12 next years. Finally, one-day reduction of length of stay lead to decrease need for two hospital beds annually. Variation of length of stay and its affecting factors can affect required beds. Statistic and stochastic simulation model are applied and useful methods to estimate and manage hospital beds based on key hospital parameters.

  17. 77 FR 11582 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Central Washington University Department of Anthropology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... Anthropology, Ellensburg, WA AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Central Washington University Department of Anthropology has completed an inventory of human remains and associated... Anthropology. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary object to the Indian tribe stated...

  18. An Exploratory Study of the Conflict Management Styles of Department Heads in a Research University Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, Christine A.; Algert, Nancy E.

    2007-01-01

    Conflict in the university setting is an inherent component of academic life. Leaders spend more than 40% of their time managing conflict. Department heads are in a unique position--they encounter conflict from individuals they manage and from others to whom they report such as a senior administrator in the position of dean. There are very few…

  19. Institutional Struggles for Recognition in the Academic Field: The Case of University Departments in German Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munch, Richard; Baier, Christian

    2012-01-01

    This paper demonstrates how the application of New Public Management (NPM) and the accompanying rise of academic capitalism in allocating research funds in the German academic field have interacted with a change from federal pluralism to a more stratified system of universities and departments. From this change, a tendency to build cartel-like…

  20. Cognitive Levels Regarding Articulation Marks among Violin Students in Department of Music Education in Gazi University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taninmis, Gamze Elif

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine violin students' cognitive levels about articulation marks in Department of Music Education, Fine Arts Education, Gazi Faculty of Education, Gazi University (GUGEF), and to identify the variables on which the cognitive levels vary. It is a descriptive research considering the study purpose, method and…

  1. Why (Not) Assess? Views from the Academic Departments of Finnish Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huusko, Mira; Ursin, Jani

    2010-01-01

    In Europe, national quality assurance systems of higher education have begun to be established. In Finland, this development has had the consequence of forcing universities to take notice of assessment procedures. However, little is known about the procedures taking place in individual academic departments as a result of this pan-European trend.…

  2. Institutional Struggles for Recognition in the Academic Field: The Case of University Departments in German Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munch, Richard; Baier, Christian

    2012-01-01

    This paper demonstrates how the application of New Public Management (NPM) and the accompanying rise of academic capitalism in allocating research funds in the German academic field have interacted with a change from federal pluralism to a more stratified system of universities and departments. From this change, a tendency to build cartel-like…

  3. Internet Use Habits of Students of the Department of Information Management, Hacettepe University, Ankara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ucak, Nazan Ozenc

    2007-01-01

    The frequency and other characteristics of Internet use of students studying at the Department of Information Management at Hacettep University in Ankara, Turkey, are examined. According to the findings, students prefer electronic media to printed media, they find the easy accessibility of the information more important than the other qualities,…

  4. Identifying the Training Needs of Heads of Department in a Newly Established University in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Thi Lan Huong

    2012-01-01

    Although middle-level academic managers really need training in order to perform their roles adequately in the very changing context of higher education, little formal training is provided, particularly in less developed countries. This paper identifies the training needs of Heads of Department in a newly established university in Vietnam as a…

  5. E - INFORMATION SEARCH STRATEGY BY FACULTY OF SCIENCE DEPARTMENT, NORTH ORISSA UNIVERSITY: A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babita Pattanaik

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the internet searching habit and information-seeking behaviour of faculty members of science department of North Orissa University. This is based on the case study method. A structured questionnaire has been formulated and distributed among all the faculty members of science department at North Orissa University (NOU in order to ascertain their web searching habit. The findings of such study would put light on the important data and insight into the current state of practices of faculties in the department and their understanding about information searching process on internet. The outcome and suggestions of the study would be beneficial for them to take appropriate measures to improve their web searching skills.

  6. CONSUMPTION VOLUMES TECHNOLOGY OF ELECTRICITY AND HEAT BY DEPARTMENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. M. Pshinko

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Efficient use of natural energy resources is one of the priorities of the state policy in the sphere of universities and institutions of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. Besides search and development the new efficient and clean energy systems it is necessary to implement optimal management of the development and operation of existing facilities, reducing their energy costs. Purpose of this work is to develop consumption volume technology of electricity and heat by scientific departments of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan (DNURT for further finding the ways to reduce energy consumption. The problem is due to the specifics of University’s energy scheme. There is a difficulty for the installation of energy meters and data acquisition about their use in individual branches and structural units. At the same time it is impossible to assess qualitatively the energy position of scientific departments. Methodology. The method to determine the electricity and heat consumption for space heating of scientific departments at the university is based on «The intersectoral rules of electricity and heat energy for institutions and public sector organizations in Ukraine» and «Codes and regulations on rationing of fuel and heat energy for heating the residential buildings as well as for economic needs in Ukraine». Findings. Developed determining expenditure technology of electricity and heat for heating by scientific departments at the DNURT named after Academician V. Lazaryan allows obtaining data on energy consumption in individual units without direct measure and analyzing the effectiveness of energy saving technologies. Originality. It is represented by energy costs in the form of two components and these components are defined on the basis of the energy audit. This enables the energy inputs to implement energy efficiency measures in the research departments of the

  7. Experience of a comprehensive infertility clinic in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Singapore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratnam, S S; Chew, P C; Tsakok, M

    1976-09-01

    The diagnosis, treatment, and pregnancy outcome for 709 infertile couples who attended the comprehensive infertility clinic of the University of Singapore's Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology from 1970-1974 are presented. Investigations for most of the couples were completed within 3 months. This short investigative period was attributable primarly to the use of laparoscopy to diagnose female infertility. In 22.5% of the 709 cases infertility was due to ovulation problems. After treatment eith either clomiphene, human pituitory gonadotrophin, or a combination of clomiphene and human chorinic gonadotrophin, pregnancy was achieved in 30.6% of the cases. 11.7% or 83 of the 709 infertility cases were attributed to blocked tubes. 28 of these patients received tubal surgery, but only 14.3% or 4 of these cases resulted in pregnancy. In 14.7% of the 709 cases, infertility was attributed to endometriosis. 90% of the patients with endometriosis were asymptomatic, and the liesons discovered by laparoscopy, were very small. Pregnancy eventually occurred in 27.6% of the cases treated for endometriosis. In 5.8% of the 709 cases infertility was due to mixed gynecological problems, and after treatment, conception occurred among 31.7% of the cases. For 23.1%, or 147 of the 709 couples, infertility was attributed to either oligospermia or azoospermia. 85 of the 147 patients were given hormone therapy and in 12.9% of these cases pregnancy was achieved. 14 of the 147 patients were treated with antibotics for 3-6 months and in 14.3% of these cases pregnancy was achieved. 9 of the 147 patients were surgically treated and in 4 of these cases pregnancy later occurred. 20 of the 147 couples were treated with artifical insemination of donor semen and in 25.0% of these cases pregnancy occurred. Another 19 of the 147 cases were treated with artificial insemination with the husband's semen and conception occurred in 26.8% of these cases. The remaining 22.1% of the 709 couples were

  8. The University Münster model surgery system for Orthognathic surgery. Part I – The idea behind

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehmer Ulrike

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We describe a procedure for diagnosis and planning for orthognatic surgery based on international standards. A special 2D planning based on lateral cephalograms (Axis Orbital Marker Lines System realize a transmission to the SAM 2P articulator (3D by means of the Axis Orbital Plane. Methods Former intraoperative measurement of the average height of the LeFort I osteotomy plane relative to the molar occlusal plane allow to construct a virtual osteotomy plane in the lateral cephalogram. This is the basis for the development of the Axis Orbital Marker Lines System (AO-MLS. Results The AO-MLS is presented graphically, and in detail, with construction guidelines. The system could be integrated into various lateral cephalometric analysis- and surgical prediction schemes. It forms the basis for a standardized transfer of the 2D planning to the 3D planning in the articulator, and vice versa. This procedure makes it possible to generate surgical planning protocols based on the model surgery, which represent the dislocations in the proximity of the real osteotomy planes. Conclusions The Axis Orbital Marker Lines System (software component in conjunction with the University Münster Model Surgery System (hardware system increases the predictability of model operations in orthognathic surgery.

  9. “Feminizing” Middle Management? An Inquiry Into the Gendered Subtexts in University Department Headship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Lavié Martínez

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This article summarizes a number of issues emerging in a research in progress that is concerned with the analysis of university department headship from a gender perspective. The article interprets the narratives produced by 20 women as they talk about their experience as heads of departments at three different universities in the city of Barcelona (Spain. The three universities, which are all publicly funded, are going through a similar process of change in many different aspects concerning teaching, research, and management. Overall, what these and other changes mean to middle management is an intensification of administrative workload, an increased capacity required to manage and implement external changes, and a displacement of formerly held prerogatives in the hiring and promotion of the staff. All these issues have emerged in some or other way in the narratives of the 20 heads of department that took part in this study as involving multiple tensions and contradictions that have to be sorted out at the department level. They all carry with them, too, a gender subtext that is not always discernible at first sight.

  10. University Gynaecology and Obstetrics, quo vadis? A Department of Women's Health-University Women's Hospital of the future?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simoes, Elisabeth; Brucker, Sara Y; Krämer, Bernhard; Wallwiener, Diethelm

    2015-02-01

    Numerous changes in society, science and health care challenge gynaecology and obstetrics. These challenges include the maintenance of excellence in research, commercial potential and clinical innovation, as well as the maintenance of adequate human resources, new standards for patient orientation and individualised medicine. Based on a SWOT analysis of the status quo, of local and national quality data, a search regarding national conceptions and of international best practice for women's health centres, the model of a Department of Women's Health was developed. The Department, consisting of a University Hospital and a Research Institute, should interlink clinical care and science. With the establishment of the department, a pool of expertise is achieved which encompasses gynaecology and obstetrics from basic care to the high-technology segments, as well as all the scientific areas relevant to the medical discipline and women's health, including health services research. Preservation and attraction of personnel resources are based on the department's excellence, on reliable perspectives and the flexibility of job profiles, which also result from the close connection between care and research and the expansion of perspectives on women's health. Methodological diversity and inter-professionalism build the appropriate base for the further development of research fields. At the same time, the Department creates space for the consolidation of the core areas and the integration of sub-disciplines (clinical and scientific) to maintain the unity of this discipline. Via the scientific monitoring of the implementation, suitable elements can be highlighted for transfer to other facilities.

  11. Archive of Geosample Data and Information from the University of Southern California (USC) Department of Earth Sciences

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Metadata describing geological samples curated by Earth Sciences Department of the University of Southern California (USC) collected during the period from 1922 to...

  12. [90th anniversary of the Chair and Department of Forensic Medicine Poznan University of Medical Sciences].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaba, Czesław

    2011-01-01

    The paper outlines the history of the Chair and Department of Forensic Medicine Poznan University of Medical Sciences since it was established until today. Changes in the appearance and organization of the seat of the institution were discussed briefly. The profiles of all former heads of the Department, their contribution to the development and improvement of the institution and formation of the new scientific forensic medicine staff were presented. The specification and analysis of the scientific staff achievements was performed, especially taking into account their scientific publications and scope of the research that contributed to the efficient service activities for the prosecution and police, as well as society.

  13. Improving the Standard of Operative Notes within an Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, using an Operative Note Proforma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Karl; Jones, Keith; Dickenson, Andrew

    2011-09-01

    The operative note needs to be an accurate and legible account of events occurring in the surgeon's theatre. We set out to discover if operative notes within a British District General Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery department adhered to Royal College of Surgeons (England) guidelines. We audited 100 consecutive Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery operations performed within general theatres. As an intervention we designed and piloted a paper based Operative Note Proforma and re-audit was undertaken. Initial audit showed results lacking in certain areas. At re-audit all audit criteria showed improvement. The mean percentage of data point inclusion rose from 76.1 to 98.3% (0.001 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

  14. [The experimental surgery and your relation with the university: an experience report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaki, Vitor Nagai; Teixeira, Renan Kleber Costa; Feijo, Daniel Haber; Silva, José Antonio Cordero da; Botelho, Nara Macedo; Henriques, Marcus Vinicius

    2014-01-01

    The laboratory of experimental surgery represents one of the key points for the university, especially in the biomedical area. This focuses on the university's tripod of primary structure that are teaching, research and extension, which are essential for formation of humanistic and practice of a good doctor that is based, first of all, on scientific evidence and critical knowledge. The importance of a laboratory of experimental surgery centers for medical education was regulated from the new curriculum guidelines of the Ministério da Educação e Cultura, establishing a mandatory laboratory within college centers. Therefore, it is of great importance to the contribution of the laboratories of experimental surgery in the curriculum, both in the discipline of surgical technics and experimental surgery, and an incentive for basic research. Thus, the study presents the experience of 15 years of the Laboratory of Experimental Surgery from Universidade do Estado do Pará, with the goal show the importance of this to medical graduation and the university.

  15. Hand Surgery In World War II. Medical Department, United States Army,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1955-09-01

    plastic and thoracic surgery, neurosurgery, and surgery of the stomach and intestines, and while increased knowledge concerning these specialties was...procaine hydrochloride. When these were not entirely successful, preganglionic sympathectomy of D 2 and D 3 achieved a permanent cure in most cases...and almost always resulted in decrease of function. Hands which reflected the results of vascular injuries were benefited by sympathectomy . Improvement

  16. Constructive alignment in Computer Engineering and Informatics departments at Dalarna University : An empirical investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Memedi, Mevludin

    2015-01-01

    Background: Constructive alignment (CA) is a pedagogical approach that emphasizes the alignment between the intended learning outcomes (ILOs), teaching and learning activities (TLAs) and assessment tasks (ATs) as well as creation of a teaching/learning environment where students will be able to actively create their knowledge. Objectives: This paper aims at investigating the extent of constructively-aligned courses in Computer Engineering and Informatics department at Dalarna University, Swed...

  17. Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Patients Treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Muhimbili National Hospital

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD) are the most common debilitating conditions of the stomatognathic system. Although they exist in the community they are not mentioned in the literature as an endemic health problem. Their prevalence does not seem to be clear enough for the health system in Tanzania to give them priority as other health problems. Study setting: The study was done in the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH). To determine the o...

  18. Surgical Education: Attitudes toward Animal Use in Teaching Surgery at Louisiana State University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedlund, Cheryl S.; Hosgood, Giselle; Naugler, Sasha

    2002-01-01

    Surveyed students and faculty at Louisiana State University about the use of animals for teaching surgery. Found that they favored the practice, finding it helpful for learning aseptic technique and suturing skills but less so for learning tissue handling, dissection, hemostasis, or anesthesia. (EV)

  19. Virginia Commonwealth University: committed to the professional growth of women in surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrada, Paula A; Anand, Rahul J; Grover, Amelia

    2011-11-01

    Academic surgery programs need to offer avenues not only to increase recruitment of women, but also to provide support so women can stay in the surgical field successfully. Virginia Commonwealth University has served to enable the growth of women surgeons in their careers. This article reviews the aspects in which this institution has provided with the necessary support for career and personal growth.

  20. The Perceptions of Globalization at a Public Research University Computer Science Graduate Department

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Selin Yildiz

    Based on a qualitative methodological approach, this study focuses on the understanding of a phenomenon called globalization in a research university computer science department. The study looks into the participants' perspectives about the department, its dynamics, culture and academic environment as related to globalization. The economic, political, academic and social/cultural aspects of the department are taken into consideration in investigating the influences of globalization. Three questions guide this inquiry: 1) How is the notion of globalization interpreted in this department? 2) How does the perception of globalization influence the department in terms of finances, academics, policies and social life And 3) How are these perceptions influence the selection of students? Globalization and neo-institutional view of legitimacy is used as theoretical lenses to conceptualize responses to these questions. The data include interviews, field notes, official and non-official documents. Interpretations of these data are compared to findings from prior research on the impact of globalization in order to clarify and validate findings. Findings show that there is disagreement in how the notion of globalization is interpreted between the doctoral students and the faculty in the department. This disagreement revealed the attitudes and interpretations of globalization in the light of the policies and procedures related to the department. How the faculty experience globalization is not consistent with the literature in this project. The literature states that globalization is a big part of higher education and it is a phenomenon that causes the changes in the goals and missions of higher education institutions (Knight, 2003, De Witt, 2005). The data revealed that globalization is not the cause for change but more of a consequence of actions that take place in achieving the goals and missions of the department.

  1. 77 FR 5839 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: University of Denver Department of Anthropology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, Denver, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, in consultation... item may contact the University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology....

  2. 77 FR 23501 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Item: University of Denver Department of Anthropology and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-19

    ... Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, Denver, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum of Anthropology, in consultation... with the cultural item may contact the University of Denver Department of Anthropology and Museum...

  3. Training in Laparoscopic Gastric Cancer Surgery in the Western World: Current Educational Practices, Challenges, and Potential Opportunities at a Large University Centre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fecso, Andras B; Bonrath, Esther M; Grantcharov, Teodor P

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore and understand how surgeons distribute tasks during a laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer in an academic teaching environment. An anonymous, cross-sectional, census survey was used to poll trainees' and staff members' opinions pertaining to laparoscopic gastrectomy. Academic and community tertiary teaching hospitals, affiliated with the University of Toronto. All surgeons, within the Department of General Surgery at the University of Toronto, who practice laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer, were invited to participate. All general surgery residents, postgraduate year 1-5, minimally invasive surgery and surgical oncology fellows at the University of Toronto were invited to participate. Overall response rate was 74.35% (n = 87/117). The results suggested that trainees do not routinely perform the major operative steps. Trainees agreed with faculty in this regard; however, there was a statistically significant difference in opinions, related to the degree of the perceived active operating of the trainees. There was also a difference in opinion, between trainees and faculty, regarding the common reasons for takeover. The present survey highlights that current level of active exposure of surgical trainees to laparoscopic gastric surgery might be insufficient. A lack of role clarity may further hinder an optimal educational experience during these cases. Adopting a stepwise approach, with task deconstruction, could optimize training. Additional training modalities may be required to ensure technical proficiency is acquired before independent practice. Copyright © 2016 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. R.W. Wasike, MBChB, MMed (General Surg), Department of Surgery ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-06-02

    Jun 2, 2007 ... Endoscopy revealed complete obstruction ... a diagnostic and therapeutic uncertainty, and thus ... adenocarcinoma associated with severe acute on ... By pass surgery was done after extensive tumour ... loss and signs of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, ... our patient at his presentation had a poor outcome.

  5. Medical Department, United States Army. Surgery in World War 2. Neurosurgery. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1959-01-01

    decubitus ulcers . As paraplegics lost appetite, weight, and strength, they also became susceptible to other Infections. All of this was changed by the...wais established. Bedsores were closed surgically, so that blood serum losses were ended. Plastic surgery was also employed as necessary. Under an...20 Decubitus Ulcers ------------------------------------------------ 22 Management of the Cord Bladder

  6. Reviewing the Curriculum of an English Department of A Private University in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rentauli Mariah Silalahi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Curriculum is a very important guideline as any teacher should have to develop syllabuses, lesson plans, and teaching materials. This study aims at evaluating the current curriculum of the English department of one of the private universities in Indonesia, Sisingamangaraja University (pseudonym; a teacher training college. This study is trying to look at the content of the curriculum to  meet the criteria of a good curriculum. The documented data used were collected from the Head of the University’s English department. Further,  the author also conducted interviews to the Head of the English department and some of the English department’s current students. It is expected that the outcome of this study will bring some recommendations to the institution necessary to improve the studied curriculum and it is not unlikely that the recommendations can also be useful for English teachers elsewhere. Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15408/ijee.v2i2.3088

  7. Exercise stages of change in Turkish university students by sex, residence, and department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cengiz, Cevdet; Ince, M Levent; Ciçek, Seref

    2009-04-01

    To examine the exercise behavior of 953 Turkish university students (496 men, 457 women) by sex, residence, and department of study, a stratified sampling method, based on the total number of students in each department, was used to select participants. The mean age of the participants was 21.3 yr. (SD = 1.9). For completed Physical Activity Stages of Change Questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, descriptive statistics and chi-squared tests indicated that most students were at the lower stages of change in exercise habits: Precontemplation (15.2%), Contemplation (31.4%), and Preparation (25.3%), compared with the later stages of Action (7.5%) and Maintenance (20.6%). Women and students from the Department of Architecture were at lower stages of change than men and students from other departments (p < .05), but there were no significant differences between students who were living on or off campus. Stage-based interventions would be appropriate, with focus on the physical activity of women and students in architecture.

  8. The Analysis of Common Mistakes Made by Chinese Department Students of Binus University in Learning Mandarin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andyni Khosasih

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Article was presented in two sections, those were general overview of Chinese Department of Binus University and common mistakes made by students in learning Mandarin. To find the data, a direct observation was done in the classrooms. It can be concluded that in learning Mandarin, students’ mistakes are caused by the influence of using the mother tongue, the laziness of students in learning the language, and the lack of basic Mandarin knowledge. Common mistakes made by the students in language skills area are pronouncing vowels and consonants, intonation, grammar, Hanzi characters, and vocabularies.  

  9. Off-label use of TNF-alpha inhibitors in a dermatological university department

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sand, Freja Lærke; Thomsen, Simon Francis

    2015-01-01

    of TNF-alpha inhibitors used for off-label dermatological indications. We retrospectively evaluated patient records of 118 patients treated off-label with TNF-alpha inhibitors in a dermatological university department. Patients presented with severe aphthous stomatitis/genital aphthous lesions (26......Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-alpha inhibitors are licensed for patients with severe refractory psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. However, TNF-alpha inhibitors have also been used off-label for various recalcitrant mucocutaneous diseases. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety...

  10. The Analysis of Common Mistakes Made By Chinese Department Students of Binus University in Learning Mandarin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andyni Khosasih

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Article was presented in two sections, those were general overview of Chinese Department of Binus University and common mistakes made by students in learning Mandarin. To find the data, a direct observation was done in the classrooms. It can be concluded that in learning Mandarin, students mistakes are caused by the influence of using the mother tongue, the laziness of students in learning the language, and the lack of basic Mandarin knowledge. Common mistakes made by the students in language skills area are pronouncing vowels and consonants, intonation, grammar, Hanzi characters, and vocabularies.

  11. The Prevalence of Pemphigus (Razi Hospital and Department of Oral Pathology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eshghyar N

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this retrospective statistical study was to determine the prevalcence and frequency of"nage and sex distributions of pemphigus disease. Pemphigus disease classified as autoimmune bullous"ndermatoses which is a chronic mucocutaneous disease."nThis study was performed in Razi Hospital and department of oral pathology of dental school, Tehran"nUniversity of Medical Sciences. The most frequently effected area was buccal moucosa of oral cavity. The"nmost rate of recurrence was found in oral cavity which being more common in middle age females (25-44"nyears.

  12. A Novel Clinical Pharmacy Management System in Improving the Rational Drug Use in Department of General Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L Bao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Hospital information system is widely used to improve work efficiency of hospitals in China. However, it is lack of the function providing pharmaceutical information service for clinical pharmacists. A novel clinical pharmacy management system developed by our hospital was introduced to improve the work efficiency of clinical pharmacists in our hospital and to carry out large sample statistical analyzes by providing pharmacy information services and promoting rational drug use. Clinical pharmacy management system was developed according to the actual situation. Taking prescription review in the department of general surgery as the example, work efficiency of clinical pharmacists, quality and qualified rates of prescriptions before and after utilizing clinical pharmacy management system were compared. Statistics of 48,562 outpatient and 5776 inpatient prescriptions of the general surgical department were analyzed. Qualified rates of both the inpatient and outpatient prescriptions of the general surgery department increased, and the use of antibiotics decreased. This system apparently improved work efficiency, standardized the level and accuracy of drug use, which will improve the rational drug use and pharmacy information service in our hospital. Meanwhile, utilization of prophylactic antibiotics for the aseptic operations also reduced.

  13. Open Heart Surgery in a Newly Established Cardiovascular Department: The first 300 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kemal Korkmaz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Evaluation of the results of open heart surgery in a newly established cardiovascular clinic: Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital. Material and Method: Between June 2012 and January 2014, 300 open heart surgeries were performed. Urgent operation was performed in 22 patients (7.3% because of ST-elevation myocardial infarction and in 1 patient because of left ventricular aneurysm rupture. Coronary artery bypass grafting was performed in 211 (70.3% patients. The other patients underwent various complex operations such as valve repair, Tirone-David procedure and repair of atrioventricular canal defect. Results: In 3 patients (1% hospital mortality was seen. Reoperation was performed in 8 patients (2.6% because of pericardial tamponade and in 9 patients (3% because of bleeding. Atrial fibrillation was developed in 28 patients (9.3% in the postoperative period and normal sinus rhythm was established with medical cardioversion. Intra-aortic balloon pump(IABP was used in 4 patients preoperatively and in 11 patients postoperatively, including 15 patients(%5. Discussion: In the current era, the patients who are consulted to cardiovascular surgery clinics become more chronic, high risk and patients with additional co-morbid diseases because of the developments in interventional cardiology. Our newly established center aims to be a nationally and internationally successful clinic which was proved by low mortality and morbidity rates with a team who follows the developments and constantly educate and trained.

  14. Medical student mentorship in a university setting as a strategy for a career in surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Parul N; Fallat, Mary E

    2011-11-01

    Gender balance in surgery is a respectable and necessary goal. At the University of Louisville (UL) School of Medicine, we have compared percentages of UL medical student applicants to general surgery or surgical subspecialty residency programs, surgical residents, and surgical faculty with the rest of the nation. Although UL has at times paralleled or exceeded the nation in many of these categories, there is room for improvement and the comparison data allow for strategic planning initiatives. To promote gender balance among future generations of surgeons at UL, we recently implemented a mentoring program that pairs medical students with residents and faculty in surgery. We plan to track the success over time and correct any shortcomings of this program. Virginia Commonwealth University's commitment to gender balance in surgery is exemplary. As part of a more comprehensive vision to create a mentorship program for female medical students at the UL School of Medicine, we have recently recruited female surgical residents and faculty, whom we hope will provide the type of inspiration and guidance that will increase the number of women from UL who decide to train in general surgery and the surgical specialties. To understand why women across the nation are not generally at numerical parity in these fields, it is important to consider the length and intensity of the surgical residency programs in the context of the other goals and objectives that a woman might have for her future. This article does not address this broad topic but provides a perspective of how a medical school can evaluate and perhaps intervene to mentor medical students more effectively about the satisfaction derived from a career in surgery. As part of this project, we have evaluated each step of the path through medical school and a surgical residency by comparing data for our students, residency programs, and faculty with national data.

  15. Early experience with the da Vinci® surgical system robot in gynecological surgery at King Abdulaziz University Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sait KH

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Khalid H SaitObstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Gynecology Oncology Unit, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi ArabiaBackground: The purpose of this study was to review our experience and the challenges of using the da Vinci® surgical system robot during gynecological surgery at King Abdulaziz University Hospital.Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to review all cases of robot-assisted gynecologic surgery performed at our institution between January 2008 and December 2010. The patients were reviewed for indications, complications, length of hospital stay, and conversion rate, as well as console and docking times.Results: Over the three-year period, we operated on 35 patients with benign or malignant conditions using the robot for a total of 62 surgical procedures. The docking times averaged seven minutes. The mean console times for simple hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy were 125, 47, and 62 minutes, respectively. In four patients, laparoscopic procedures were converted to open procedures, giving a conversion rate of 6.5%. All of the conversions were among the first 15 procedures performed. The average hospital stay was 3 days. Complications occurred in five patients (14%, and none were directly related to the robotic system.Conclusion: Our early experience with the robot show that with proper training of the robotic team, technical difficulty with the robotic system is limited. There is definitely a learning curve that requires performance of gynecological surgical procedures using the robot.Keywords: da Vinci robot, gynecological surgery, laparoscopy

  16. Accreditation of Emergency Department at a Teaching Hospital in Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fereshteh Farzianpour

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Considering the importance of emergency departments in healthcare system and the high mortality rate of patients referred to these departments, it is crucial to provide quality services in emergency departments. Accreditation is a systematic process for improving quality of care and it enables managers to assess and evaluate the healthcare system. Accreditation of an organization provides an obvious commitment for improving quality of safety, quality of patient care, ensuring safety surveillance and continuous activities for reducing dangers which threaten patients and staff. Therefore, given the vital role as well as and the perpetual and indispensable service provided by the emergency departments, it is necessary to re-evaluate the manner of service provision in these departments according to the standards and criteria of accreditation, so that an observance of these criteria will lead to improvement of emergency medicine in Iran. Thus, the present study was undertaken with the purpose of accreditation of emergency department of a teaching hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences according to the standards of Iranian Deputy of Health and the JCI. Approach: This is a descriptive-analytic study with a cross-sectional structure. Our study population consisted of 50 individuals of the healthcare staff (physicians and nurses working in morning and evening work shifts of the emergency department in the teaching hospital. Data collection tools consisted of standard questionnaires of the Deputy of Health (9 series and questionnaires developed by authors based on the standards of the Joint Commission International (JCI regarding patient satisfaction with services provided in emergency departments. In order to determine the reliability and validity of the data collection tools, professors and experts reviewed the questionnaire of quality and patient safety in accordance with standards of quality patient safety from the

  17. The pre-history of the University of Washington Astronomy Department: 1891-1965

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Woodruff T.

    2015-01-01

    The University of Washington (UW) created its first Professor of Astronomy (within the Mathematics Department) in 1891, only two years after Washington itself became a state. Joseph Taylor bought a Warner & Swasey refractor with a 6-inch John Brashear lens, and installed it in a dome in 1895 when the university moved to a new campus outside of downtown Seattle. The small observatory became only the second building on the present campus, and is listed on the State Register of Historical Buildings. Over succeeding decades, Taylor was followed, amongst others, by Samuel Boothroyd (who after nine years left for Cornell in 1921) and for two years by Herman Zanstra (of "Zanstra method" fame). In 1928 Theodor Jacobsen joined the faculty after having obtained his Ph.D. at the University of California (Berkeley) and spending two years as a staff member at Lick Observatory. Jacobsen's research over the years focused on the spectra and motions of variable stars, especially of the Cepheid type. In the 1970s Jacobsen published a paper about secular changes in one particular Cepheid variable still using his own data extending as far back as the 1920s. For 42 years until his retirement, Jacobsen taught courses in astronomy (although there never was an astronomy major and only two graduate degrees were ever awarded), navigation, and a variety of mathematical topics. In the decade following Sputnik and the birth of NASA, UW astronomy ceased to be a one-man effort with the creation of a modern department, founding of a graduate program, and hiring of two new faculty members: George Wallerstein and Paul Hodge came from Berkeley in 1965 and are both still engaged in research 50 years later.

  18. Epistemic cultures in complementary medicine: knowledge-making in university departments of osteopathy and Chinese medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brosnan, Caragh

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT There is increasing pressure on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to follow the evidence-based approach promoted in allied health and medicine, in which the randomised control trial represents the evidence gold standard. However, many CAM advocates see these methods as undermining the holism of CAM practice. This paper explores how such tensions are managed in CAM university departments – settings in which particular forms of knowledge and evidence are given ‘official’ imprimatur by CAM educators and researchers. By comparing two types of CAM, the paper also unpacks differences within this broad category, asking whether CAM academic disciplines comprise different ‘epistemic cultures’ (Knorr-Cetina, K. (1999). Epistemic cultures: How the sciences make knowledge. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press). Interviews were conducted with 20 lecturers in Chinese medicine and osteopathy, across five Australian universities, and augmented with observation in two degree programs. Findings reveal contrasting ontological and epistemological perspectives between the two academic fields. Chinese medicine lecturers had largely adopted bioscientific models of research, typically conducting laboratory work and trials, although teaching included traditional theories. Osteopathy academics were more critical of dominant approaches and were focused on reframing notions of evidence to account for experiences, with some advocating qualitative research. The study illustrates CAM’s ‘epistemic disunity’ while also highlighting the particular challenges facing academic CAM.

  19. Austerite et gestion dans les universites quebecoises: une analyse des perceptions de directeurs de departement=Austerity and Administration in Quebec's Universities: An Analysis of Department Heads' Perceptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crespo, Manuel; And Others

    1986-01-01

    A survey of 25 Quebec university department chairmen concerning the management of budgetary austerity found that administrative responses are generally perceived as reactionary and short-sighted, but long-term solutions proposed by chairmen are based on conflicting views of the overall role of the institution. (MSE)

  20. Presentation and analysis of work at the emergency department – of the University children’s Hospital Ljubljana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Bregant

    2013-05-01

    Conclusions: Since 2010, the paediatric emergency department of the University Children’s Hospital Ljubljana has functioned in compliance wtih the guidelines used in similar international tertiary centres. However, there is still room for improvement in organization and staffing.

  1. Academic Position "Professor in Theoretical Chemistry" at the Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Sofia: Doc. Dr. Alya Tadjer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.V. Toshev

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This is a review of the teaching and research activity of Dr. Alya Vitali Tadjer who applies for the academic position “Professor in Theoretical Chemistry” at the Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Sofia.

  2. 2 February 2010-Bristol University Vice-Chancellor E. Thomas visiting SM18 hall with Beams Department Head P. Collier and Technology Department Senior Engineer R. Veness; signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    Caption for photograph 1239013 from left to right: University of Bristol and CMS Collaboration D. Newbold; University of Bristol Team Leader and LHCb Collaboration N. Brook; Bristol University Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research G. Orpen; Beams Department Head P. Collier; Bristol University Vice-Chancellor E. Thomas;Technology Department Senior Engineer R. Veness in the SM18 hall.

  3. HCUP State Ambulatory Surgery Databases (SASD) - Restricted Access Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The State Ambulatory Surgery Databases (SASD) contain the universe of hospital-based ambulatory surgery encounters in participating States. Some States include...

  4. THE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE UNIVERSITY. THE EXPERIENCE OF THE WELFARE DEPARTMENT, OF THE FACULTY OF ECONOMICS, UNIVERSITY OF BUENOS AIRES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico, Saravia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects on the social responsibility of the organizations, especially in public university institutions understood as socially responsible. Considering the social responsibility of universities as a key player in the processes of social change, we share the experience of the Department of Students’ Welfare of the Faculty of Economics, University of Buenos Aires (EGF and its leading role as a development factor within the community.

  5. Managing a Basic Unit Responsible for a Basic Discipline: The Physics Department at the Technical University, Aachen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felderhof, B. U.

    1983-01-01

    The administrative structure of the physics department in a major European technical university is described, particularly with regard to the organization of teaching and research functions. The department is subdivided into an institute of theoretical physics and several institutes of experimental physics, with a more important subdivision into…

  6. 77 FR 39996 - Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, Notice of Decision on Application for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, Notice of Decision on Application for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments This is a decision pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, Scientific, and...

  7. Applying the Balanced Scorecard Strategic Evaluation Method to a University Athletic Department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    THANOS KRIEMADIS, ANDREAS KOTSOVOS & PANAYIOTIS ALEXOPOULOS

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The Balanced Scorecard (BSC has been extensively used in manufacturing organisations, service organisations, non-profit organisations, and governmental organizations with outstanding results (Kaplan and Norton, 2001b. Performance measures are at the core of the BSC system.However, financial measurement alone does not reflect the organisational mission of governmental and non-profit organisations; rather the mission of government or non-profitorganisation should be placed at top of the BSC in measuring whether such an organisation has been successful. Hence, the greatest difference between businesses and nonprofit organisations lies in the achievement of the mission.The purpose of this article is to present the evaluation of the performance of a University Athletic Department using the balanced scorecard strategic approach which includes four dimensions such as: (a the customer dimension, (b the financial dimension,(c the learning and growth dimension and (d the internal business process dimension.

  8. Final Report: High Energy Physics Program (HEP), Physics Department, Princeton University

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Callan, Curtis G. [Princeton University; Gubser, Steven S. [Princeton University; Marlow, Daniel R. [Princeton University; McDonald, Kirk T. [Princeton University; Meyers, Peter D. [Princeton University; Olsen, James D. [Princeton University; Smith, Arthur J.S. [Princeton University; Steinhardt, Paul J. [Princeton University; Tully, Christopher G. [Princeton University; Stickland, David P. [Princeton University

    2013-04-30

    The activities of the Princeton Elementary particles group funded through Department of Energy Grant# DEFG02-91 ER40671 during the period October 1, 1991 through January 31, 2013 are summarized. These activities include experiments performed at Brookhaven National Lab; the CERN Lab in Geneva, Switzerland; Fermilab; KEK in Tsukuba City, Japan; the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center; as well as extensive experimental and the- oretical studies conducted on the campus of Princeton University. Funded senior personnel include: Curtis Callan, Stephen Gubser, Valerie Halyo, Daniel Marlow, Kirk McDonald, Pe- ter Meyers, James Olsen, Pierre Pirou e, Eric Prebys, A.J. Stewart Smith, Frank Shoemaker (deceased), Paul Steinhardt, David Stickland, Christopher Tully, and Liantao Wang.

  9. [Paternity exclusion tests in the Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Medical Sciences in Poznan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koralewska-Kordel, Małgorzata; Kordel, Krzysztof; Przybylski, Zygmunt; Wiśniewski, Sławomir A

    2006-01-01

    The study comprises the analysis of expert's hemogenetic reports carried out in the Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Medical Sciences in Poznan, in the years 1980-2004 and associated with paternity determination or exclusion. In the analyzed period, the authors established 1064 cases of paternity exclusion in serological tests, 97 paternity exclusions in the HLA examinations, and 129 cases of paternity exclusions processed in DNA testing. On the base of gene frequencies, the theoretical chance of paternity exclusion was determined for every test. The significant usefulness of DNA testing in legal processes did not cause an increase in the percentage of paternity exclusions. Moreover, the authors observed a significant decrease in the number of paternity exclusions in comparison with results of serological tests (from 24.25% to 19.43%). With the drop in the number of births, the number of expert's reports significantly decreased.

  10. Classroom Interaction in the English Department Speaking Class at State University of Malang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usman Kasim

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study involved the teacher and students who were taking Speaking II class at the English Department of State University of Malang. The data was collected by conducting a non-participant observation, recording, and interview. Based on the analysis, the present study reveals that classroom interaction (CI is the realization of a lesson plan which is organized in patterns of CI. There are five patterns of CI identified. The most dominant pattern is student-student (S-S CI. Nine interactional strategies are used by the teacher and ten by the students. Speaking II class can be facilitated by implementing certain classroom procedures. The students communicative ability is described in terms of the frequency of use of the interactional strategies throughout the semester.

  11. An Analysis of the Curricula of Business Administration Departments in Turkish Universities with the Perspective of Civil Society Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdemir, Aytul Ayse; Sarikaya, Muammer

    2009-01-01

    The authors' goal was to analyze the curricula of business administration departments in state and private universities in Turkey, which have been offering courses such as business and society, social responsibility, business ethics, and management of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Of the 74 universities with business administration…

  12. An Analysis of the Curricula of Business Administration Departments in Turkish Universities with the Perspective of Civil Society Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdemir, Aytul Ayse; Sarikaya, Muammer

    2009-01-01

    The authors' goal was to analyze the curricula of business administration departments in state and private universities in Turkey, which have been offering courses such as business and society, social responsibility, business ethics, and management of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Of the 74 universities with business administration…

  13. Stanislaw Smreczynskis legacy and the Department of Zoology of the Jagiellonian University of Krakow (Poland).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaglarz, Mariusz K

    2008-01-01

    This article covers the origin and development of scientific interest in insect and amphibian developmental biology at the Department of Systematic Zoology and Zoogeography of the Jagiellonian University. The greater part of this historical account is devoted to Professor Stanislaw Smreczynski (1899-1975), the founding father of the Department, and comments on his biography and research achievements in the field of animal experimental embryology. A particular emphasis is on Smreczynski's contributions to contemporary understanding of early embryonic development of amphibians and insects as well as his expertise in Pleistocene and extant weevils (Curculionidae). A concise survey of developmental phenomena studied by some of Smreczynski's co-workers and followers is also presented, including the early embryogenesis of entognathans as well as germ cell determination and gonad formation in Drosophila virilis conducted by Jura; analysis of oogenesis in Collembola carried out by Krzysztofowicz; investigations of insects and tradigrades by Weglarska, and finally research into various aspects of ovary structure in diverse insect taxa by the Bilinski group.

  14. Evaluation of the nutrition knowledge of sports department students of universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozcelik Ayse

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Individuals who have knowledge on the importance of adequate and balanced diet and reflect this knowledge to their behaviors are considered to be more successful in sports life. The present study aims to evaluate the nutrition knowledge of students receiving sports education in universities. Methods The study sample consists of 343 voluntary students from the Sports Departments of Hacettepe, Gazi and Ankara Universities in Ankara. The questionnaire used in the study included a demographic section, and 30 questions on true-false nutrition knowledge. For the reliability of the questionnaire, the internal consistency coefficient was calculated and the Kuder Richardson (KR-20 value was found to be 0.71. For higher reliability, 9 dysfunctional questions were excluded from the questionnaire. The research data were collected through a questionnaire form and face-to-face interviews. For the statistical analyses of the data, tables were prepared to show mean, standard deviation (X̄±SD and percentage (% values. In order to determine the nutrition knowledge of students, the "independent t test" was used for nutrition lesson and gender. Results University students receiving sports education and expected to continue their professional lives on sport-related fields were determined to have the lack of knowledge on nutrition. The mean value about the nutrition knowledge of the first year students was found 11.150 ± 2.962, while the mean value of the fourth year students was 13.460 ± 3.703, and the difference is statistically significant (p = .000. Conclusion Students, coaches and teachers in physical education were found not to give the necessary importance to their diets, and they were still not aware of the importance of nutrition on performance.

  15. History of the University of Washington Astronomy Department: 1965-1995

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lutz, Julie H.

    2015-01-01

    The Department of Astronomy of the University of Washington (UW) is celebrating its fiftieth anniversary this year, starting in 1965 when George Wallerstein and Paul Hodge joined Theodor Jacobsen to significantly expand research and initiate a graduate program. Three additional faculty members in astrophysical theory were added before the end of the decade: James Bardeen, Karl-Heinz Böhm and Erika Böhm-Vitense. In addition, plans were started to establish a research telescope in the State of Washington, primarily for training graduate students. The site survey for what eventually became Manastash Ridge Observatory (MRO) started in 1965. The 30-inch telescope at MRO in the eastern Cascades was dedicated in 1972.Four more faculty with a broad range of expertise were added in the 1970s and the number of graduate students expanded to about 15. Wallerstein was Chair of the department from 1965-1980. Part of his vision for the department was for UW astronomers to have access to a large, well-equipped telescope at a good observing site. He realized that such a goal would have to be accomplished in collaboration with other institutions and he spent years seeking partners.Newly-arrived faculty member Bruce Margon served as Chair from 1981-87 and from 1990-1995. In 1983 the Astrophysical Research Consortium (ARC) was formed with UW as a partner. UW played a major role in the construction of the ARC 3.5-m telescope in New Mexico, which was dedicated in 1994 and continues to function robustly. The department hired several more faculty with a variety of interests, both in multi-wavelength studies and astrophysical theory. An undergraduate astronomy major was added in the mid-1980s.In the mid-1980s ARC started to think about a sky survey which would encompass both imaging and spectroscopy. This became the original Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), which took place between 1990 and 1995, again with the UW as a major partner. At this time, UW Astronomy experienced growth in

  16. Direct hip joint distraction during acetabular fracture surgery using the AO universal manipulator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calafi, L Afshin; Routt, M L Chip

    2010-02-01

    Certain acetabular fractures may necessitate distraction of the hip joint for removal of intra-articular debris and assessment of reduction. Distraction can be accomplished by manual traction, using a traction table or an AO universal manipulator (UM). The UM is a relatively simple and an inexpensive device that can provide focal distraction in a controlled manner without the risks associated with the use of a traction table. We describe a technique using the UM for hip joint distraction during acetabular fracture surgery through a Kocher-Langenbeck surgical exposure.

  17. The application of Lean Six Sigma methodology to reduce the risk of healthcare-associated infections in surgery departments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montella, Emma; Di Cicco, Maria Vincenza; Ferraro, Anna; Centobelli, Piera; Raiola, Eliana; Triassi, Maria; Improta, Giovanni

    2017-06-01

    Nowadays, the monitoring and prevention of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) is a priority for the healthcare sector. In this article, we report on the application of the Lean Six Sigma (LSS) methodology to reduce the number of patients affected by sentinel bacterial infections who are at risk of HAI. The LSS methodology was applied in the general surgery department by using a multidisciplinary team of both physicians and academics. Data on more than 20 000 patients who underwent a wide range of surgical procedures between January 2011 and December 2014 were collected to conduct the study using the departmental information system. The most prevalent sentinel bacteria were determined among the infected patients. The preintervention (January 2011 to December 2012) and postintervention (January 2013 to December 2014) phases were compared to analyze the effects of the methodology implemented. The methodology allowed the identification of variables that influenced the risk of HAIs and the implementation of corrective actions to improve the care process, thereby reducing the percentage of infected patients. The improved process resulted in a 20% reduction in the average number of hospitalization days between preintervention and control phases, and a decrease in the mean (SD) number of days of hospitalization amounted to 36 (15.68), with a data distribution around 3 σ. The LSS is a helpful strategy that ensures a significant decrease in the number of HAIs in patients undergoing surgical interventions. The implementation of this intervention in the general surgery departments resulted in a significant reduction in both the number of hospitalization days and the number of patients affected by HAIs. This approach, together with other tools for reducing the risk of infection (surveillance, epidemiological guidelines, and training of healthcare personnel), could be applied to redesign and improve a wide range of healthcare processes. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  18. Verochka Zingan or recollections from the Physics Department of the Moscow University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaina, Alex; Gaina, Danielle A.

    The author recollects his studentship during 70-th years at the Physics Department of the Moscow University. He was graduated from the theoretical Physics Department in 1977. The Rectors of the University that times were I.G. Petrovskii, R.V. Khokhlov and A.A. Logunov. The dean of the Physics Department was V.S. Fursov. As a particular event a meet with the former prime-minister of the USSR A.N. Kosygin is reported. Between professors mentioned throughout the recollections are A.I.Kitaigorodskii, Ya. B. Zel'dovich, D.D. Ivanenko, A.A. Sokolov, A.A. Vlasov, V.B. Braginsky, I.M. Ternov, L.A. Artsimovich, E.P. Velikhov and other, including that which became University professors later. A great number of colleagues from the Physics, Chemistry, Phylological and Historical Departments of the Moscow University are mentioned. Particularly, the students which entered the group 113 in 1971 and finished the group 601 in 1977 are listed. The recollections include 5 parts. Persons cited throughout the paper: A.N. Kosygin, A.S. Golovin, V. Kostyukevich, I.M. Ternov, E.G. Pozdnyak, A. N. Matveev, V.P. Elyutin, V.V. Kerzhentsev, 113 academic group (1971), V. Topala, E.A. Marinchuk, P.Paduraru, A.I. Kitaygorodski, A. Leahu, S. Berzan, B. Ursu, I. Coanda (Koade), M. Stefanovici, O. Bulgaru, A. Iurie-Apostol, A.S. Davydov, M.I. Kaganov, I.M. Lifshitz, Ya. B. Zel'dovich, A.Zhukov, A.I. Buzdin, N.S. Perov, V. Dolgov, P. Vabishchevich, A.A. Samarskii, V. Makarov, Irina Kamenskih, A.A. Arsen'ev, L.A. Artsimovich, A.A. Tyapkin, B.M. Pontecorvo, D.I. Blokhintsev, I.G. Petrovskii, R.V. Khokhlov, V.N. Rudenko, A.A. Sokolov, D.D. Ivanenko (Iwanenko), A.A. Vlasov, V.N. Ponomarev, N.N. Bogolyubov, N.N. Bogolyubov (Jr), V.Ch. Zhukovskii, Tamara Tarasova, Zarina Radzhabova (Malovekova), V.Malovekov, Tatiana Shmeleva, Alexandra C.Nicolescu, Tatiana Nicolescu, Rano Mahkamova, Miriam Yandieva, Natalia Germaniuk (Grigor'eva), E. Grigor'ev, A. Putro, Elena Nikiforova, B. Kostrykin, Galia Laufer, K

  19. Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome: An Infrequent Complication of Scoliosis Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Metin Keskin; Turgut Akgül; Adem Bayraktar; Fatih Dikici; Emre Balık

    2014-01-01

    Case Report Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome: An Infrequent Complication of Scoliosis Surgery Metin Keskin,1 Turgut Akgül,2 Adem Bayraktar,1 Fatih Dikici,2 and Emre BalJk3 1 General Surgery Department, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Capa, Millet Caddesi, 34093 Istanbul, Turkey 2Orthopedic Department, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Capa, Millet Caddesi, 34093 Istanbul, Turkey 3 General Surgery Department, School of Medicine, Koc¸ Uni...

  20. Epidemiology of nosocomial infections and mortality following congenital cardiac surgery in Cairo University, Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Tantawy, Amira Esmat; Seliem, Zeinab Salah; Agha, Hala Monir; El-Kholy, Amany Ali; Abdelaziz, Doaa Mohamed

    2012-08-01

    Nosocomial infections (NI) have been associated with significant morbidity and attributed mortality, as well as increased healthcare costs. Relatively few data on congenital cardiac surgical ICU NI have been reported from developing countries. Little is known about the epidemiology of NI following congenital cardiac surgery in Egypt. The aims of the present study were: (a) to estimate the incidence rate and types of NI among children admitted to Pediatric Surgical Cardiac ICU in Cairo University Children's Hospital (Egypt) and (b) to estimate the mortality rate related to congenital cardiac surgery and identify its contributing risk factors. A follow-up study in the period between 1 January 2009 and 1 January 2010 included all patients admitted to the Pediatric Surgical Cardiac ICU in Cairo University, Abo El Reesh Children's Specialized Hospital (Egypt). Data were collected for each patient during the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative periods. Certain infection control procedures were carried out in certain months. Of 175 patients, NI were identified in 119 (68%). Poor hand hygiene was associated with increased NI in certain months of the study duration. NI were significantly higher at a younger age [median 9 (5-30) months, Plesions, prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass and ischemic times, NI, prolonged mechanical ventilation, prolonged central line insertion, and the use of total parenteral nutrition. Mortality among the NI patients was found in 44 of 119 (37%). On carrying out a multivariate analysis, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score [PUniversity Children's Hospital (Cairo, Egypt). Early surgical interference, enforcement of proper infection control practices, especially hand hygiene, can reduce NI and trials for early extubation from mechanical ventilation might improve outcome following congenital cardiac surgery in pediatrics.

  1. Learning Styles of University Students Attending Department of Computer and Instructional Technologies Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülcan NUMANOĞLU

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to determine learning styles of students in Computer and Instructional Technologies Education Department of Educational Sciences Faculty of Ankara University. Research data was obtained by using Learning Styles Inventory developed by Kolb (1985 which was later translated and adapted to Turkish by Akkoyunlu and Aşkar (1993 (the reliability study of the inventory was also performed by these researchers and Personal Information Form developed for this research. In the analyses of the data, gathered by Personal Information Form and Inventory, frequency, percentage, one-way variance analysis, the least significant difference method among the multiple comparison methods and t-test have been carried out. At the end of these analyses, it was observed that 46,8% of students have converging learning styles and also there is statistical significance within their learning styles according to the ages of students. On the other hand, it was found out that there is no significant difference within their learning styles according to their genders and types and branches of high schools that they had graduated from.

  2. Skin Prick Test Results of Canakkale Onsekizmart University Faculty of Medicine Dermatology Department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selda Isik

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim: In this study we aimed to evaluate the prick test results of the patients with chronic urticaria, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, allergic asthma and atopic dermatitis who attended to dermatology department of Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of Medicine. Material and Method: The prick test results of 583 patients with chronic urticaria, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, allergic asthma, atopic dermatitis were assessed retrospectively for this study. 50 standard allergens including pollens, grass, weed, fungal allergens, latex, cat fur, dog hair, house dust mites and foods were performed to the patients. Results: The ages of the patients were between 3 and 70 (mean age was 30.6±17.5. At least one positive prick test result to any allergen were obtained in 359 patients (61.6%. The most common allergens were; house dust mites (50.5%, weed(28.8%, polen grains(29%, tomato (13.7%, coffee (13.1%, chicken meat (13.0% and chocolate (12.7%, respectively. Discussion: We think that our study will help to contribute to the allergen map of our country.

  3. [The development of bariatric surgery and the role of the First Surgical Clinic of the General Medical School Hospital and the First Medical School of Charles University in Prague in this specialty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fried, M; Kasalický, M; Gürlich, R

    2001-10-01

    The authors discuss the development of bariatric surgery in Europe and the USA from its beginnings at the onset of the fifties. More detailed attention is paid in particular to the development of the method of gastric bandings and the role at the First Surgical Department in this field in "classical" as well as miniinvasive surgery. Results of gastric banding are summarized in 683 patients operated since 1983, in particular the numbers of early and late complications after laparotomies and laparoscopic operations, similarly as complications which are directly associated with gastric banding itself. In the conclusion it is stated that the First Surgical Department of the General Faculty Hospital and First Medical Faculty Charles University in Prague belong as regards their results in surgical treatment of obese subjects and the position in the field of bariatric surgery on an international scale to the foremost departments in this field worldwide.

  4. Climate Change Education at the University of Washington: Bridging Academic Degrees, Departments and Disciplines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, L.; Bertram, M. A.

    2012-12-01

    Education on climate change occurs in many departments at large research universities, but providing a coordinated educational experience for students in this topic is challenging. Departmental boundaries, accounting for student credit hours, and curricula inertia create roadblocks to the creation of interdisciplinary curriculum for both graduate and undergraduate students. We describe a hierarchy of interdisciplinary programs that reach students from seniors in high school to graduate students, targeting students from a variety of disciplines. The UWHS (University of Washington in the High School) program allows high school teachers to be trained to teach UW courses to their own high school students at their own school. The students who enroll receive a UW grade and credit for the course (as well as high school credit). A UWHS course on Climate and Climate Change (Atmospheric Sciences 211) was created in 2011 supported by training to high school science teachers on the fundamentals of climate science. For the 2012-13 academic year we anticipate at least 5 schools in Washington State will be offering this course. Once students matriculate at UW, 211 serves as a prerequisite for the Climate Minor that began in 2011. The minor is hosted by the departments of Atmospheric Sciences, Earth and Space Sciences and Oceanography, offering instruction in three focus areas: climate chemistry and biology, the physical climate, and past climate and ice. Students also take an integrative seminar where they are required to communicate to both scientific and non-scientific audiences some topic in climate science. Students enrolled in graduate programs at UW can participate in the Graduate Certificate in Climate Science that began 2008. The certificate gives students instruction in climate science covering the same topic areas as the minor and with a capstone project where student communicate some aspect of climate science to a non-physical science audience. Projects have included

  5. Attitudes toward Sports for the Disable among University Students in a Department of Sports, Health and Welfare

    OpenAIRE

    神田, 潤一; 正野, 知基; カンダ, ジュンイチ; ショウノ, トモキ; Junichi, KANDA; Tomoki , SHONO

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the awareness of and attitudes toward sports for the disabled and the Paralympics among university students majoring in a department of sports, health and welfare. The results indicated that both recognition of and interest in these activities were high. In fact, approximately 60% of the university students expressed interest in becoming directly involved with sports for the disabled or the Paralympics. The greatest expression of interest was displayed by those preparing t...

  6. Intimate Partner Violence Among Men Presenting to a University Emergency Department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnson, Cherlin

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: We sought to investigate the one-year point prevalence for male intimate partner violence (IPV in men presenting to a university emergency department, to identify types of violence, to examine differences in male IPV rates based on patient demographics, and to identify any differences in prevalence based on types of partnership. Methods: This survey study was conducted from September 2001 until January 2002 at a tertiary, academic, Level I Trauma Center with an emergency department (ED that has 40,000 visits per year. The anonymous written survey consisted of 16 questions previously validated in the Colorado Partner Violence Study, Index of Spouse Abuse and the Conflict Tactics Scale. This survey was administered to all consenting adult men who presented to the ED. Odds ratios (OR with 95% CI were calculated when appropriate and a p-value of 0.05 was set for significance. Results: The oneyear point prevalence rate of male IPV was 24% in our study population (82/346. Among the men who experienced some form of abuse specified as either physical, emotional, or sexual, the prevalence was calculated to be 15.6% (54/346, 13.6% (47/346, and 2.6% (9/346, respectively. Education, income, age, and race did not demonstrate an association for any one variable to be associated with intimate partner abuse (p>0.05 with the exception of increased risk of IPV among unemployed men in the relationship (p<0.04, OR 0.592. IPV towards men was found to affect both heterosexual as well as homosexual relationships. Overall, 2% (8/346 of the men surveyed had received medical treatment as a result of IPV by their intimate partner within the past year. Three percent (11/344 of those men reporting abuse were abusers themselves. Conclusion: The point prevalence of IPV among our study population was 24%. In our study of 346 men, male IPV crossed all socioeconomic boundaries, racial differences, and educational levels regardless of the sex of the partner.

  7. Using a relational database to improve mortality and length of stay for a department of surgery: a comparative review of 5200 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ang, Darwin N; Behrns, Kevin E

    2013-07-01

    The emphasis on high-quality care has spawned the development of quality programs, most of which focus on broad outcome measures across a diverse group of providers. Our aim was to investigate the clinical outcomes for a department of surgery with multiple service lines of patient care using a relational database. Mortality, length of stay (LOS), patient safety indicators (PSIs), and hospital-acquired conditions were examined for each service line. Expected values for mortality and LOS were derived from University HealthSystem Consortium regression models, whereas expected values for PSIs were derived from Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality regression models. Overall, 5200 patients were evaluated from the months of January through May of both 2011 (n = 2550) and 2012 (n = 2650). The overall observed-to-expected (O/E) ratio of mortality improved from 1.03 to 0.92. The overall O/E ratio for LOS improved from 0.92 to 0.89. PSIs that predicted mortality included postoperative sepsis (O/E:1.89), postoperative respiratory failure (O/E:1.83), postoperative metabolic derangement (O/E:1.81), and postoperative deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolus (O/E:1.8). Mortality and LOS can be improved by using a relational database with outcomes reported to specific service lines. Service line quality can be influenced by distribution of frequent reports, group meetings, and service line-directed interventions.

  8. Medication Errors in a Swiss Cardiovascular Surgery Department: A Cross-Sectional Study Based on a Novel Medication Error Report Method

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    Kaspar Küng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was (1 to determine frequency and type of medication errors (MEs, (2 to assess the number of MEs prevented by registered nurses, (3 to assess the consequences of ME for patients, and (4 to compare the number of MEs reported by a newly developed medication error self-reporting tool to the number reported by the traditional incident reporting system. We conducted a cross-sectional study on ME in the Cardiovascular Surgery Department of Bern University Hospital in Switzerland. Eligible registered nurses ( involving in the medication process were included. Data on ME were collected using an investigator-developed medication error self reporting tool (MESRT that asked about the occurrence and characteristics of ME. Registered nurses were instructed to complete a MESRT at the end of each shift even if there was no ME. All MESRTs were completed anonymously. During the one-month study period, a total of 987 MESRTs were returned. Of the 987 completed MESRTs, 288 (29% indicated that there had been an ME. Registered nurses reported preventing 49 (5% MEs. Overall, eight (2.8% MEs had patient consequences. The high response rate suggests that this new method may be a very effective approach to detect, report, and describe ME in hospitals.

  9. Analysis of impacted and retained teeth operated at Department of Oral Surgery, School of Dental Medicine, Zagreb.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brakus, Ivan; Filipović Zore, Irina; Borić, Ratka; Siber, Stjepan; Svegar, Domagoj; Kuna, Tihomir

    2010-03-01

    The purpose of the present study is to see whether we follow global guidelines for operative procedures and diagnoses for impacted and retained teeth, and to compare these results with older results in Croatia. Operative protocols from Department of Oral Surgery, School of Dental Medicine, Zagreb in the period from 1997 till 1999 were used in the present study. 4756 patients were operated (total of 4857 diagnosis were set). Of all diagnoses, 24.89% (N=1209) belongs to dens impactus, 5.13% (N=249) to dens semiimpactus, 6.05% (N=294) to dens retentus and 0.64% (N=31) to dentitio difficilis. These four diagnoses make 36.71% of all 4857 set diagnoses. Most commonly impacted teeth are: 8- (38.64%), -8 (35.88%), 8+ (10.9%) and +8 (9.29%). Most commonly retained teeth are: 3+ (19.1%) and +3 (18.8%), while in the remaining two diagnoses -8 and 8- are most commonly diagnosed and operated teeth. Impacted teeth are in 97.90% of the cases operated by alveolotomy procedure. With semiimpacted teeth alveolotomy was conducted in 94.12% cases, and 5.10% of such teeth were extracted. With retained teeth alveolotomy was conducted in 65.21%, corticotomy in 23.01% and extraction in 8.77% of the cases. With dentitio difficilis alveolotomy was applied in 46.88%, extraction in 37.50%, circumcision in 9.38% and corticotomy in 6.25% of the cases. Intra muscular corticosteroids (Dexamethason) were used in 2.80% of the cases, most commonly with dens impactus and dens retentus diagnosis. PHD was done in 4.21% cases. Although its use is on the increase, Dexamethason is still rarely used in everyday practice, despite global guidelines for the postoperative use of corticosteroids. PHD analysis is used most commonly with retained teeth since they usually come with follicular cysts. Anesthesia without epinephrine was used in only 1.80% of the operating procedures, because the epinephrine solution used at Oral Surgery Department is 1:160000.

  10. Decision-Making Styles of Department Chairs at Public Jordanian Universities: A High-Expectancy Workforce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khasawneh, Samer; Alomari, Aiman; Abu-tineh, Abdullah

    2011-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to determine the decision-making styles of department chairs employed by three public institutions in Jordan. A total of 95 department chairs participated in the study by completing the General Decision-Making Styles survey. The results indicated that department chairs under study have the rational…

  11. Medical emergencies in the imaging department of a university hospital: event and imaging characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Tonder, F C; Sutherland, T; Smith, R J; Chock, J M E; Santamaria, J D

    2013-01-01

    We aimed to describe the characteristics of medical emergencies that occurred in the medical imaging department (MID) of a university hospital in Melbourne, Australia. A database of 'Respond Medical Emergency Team (MET)' and 'Respond Blue' calls was retrospectively examined for the period June 2003 to November 2010 in relation to events that occurred in the MID. The hospital medical imaging database was also examined in relation to these events and, where necessary, patients' notes were reviewed. Ethics approval was granted by the hospital ethics review board. There were 124 medical emergency calls in the MID during the study period, 28% Respond Blue and 72% Respond MET. Of these 124 calls, 26% occurred outside of usual work hours and 12% involved cardiac arrest. The most common reasons for the emergency calls were seizures (14%) and altered conscious state (13%). Contrast anaphylaxis precipitated the emergency in 4% of cases. In 83% of cases the emergency calls were for patients attending the MID for diagnostic imaging, the remainder being for a procedure. Of the scheduled imaging techniques, 45% were for computed tomography. The scheduled imaging was abandoned due to the emergency in 12% of cases. When performed, imaging informed patient management in 34% of cases in diagnostic imaging and in all cases in the context of image-guided procedures. Medical emergency calls in the MID often occurred outside usual work hours and were attributed to a range of medical problems. The emergencies occurred in relation to all imaging techniques and imaging informed patient management in many cases. Crown Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Silesians at the Department of Theology of the Krakow University in the 15th century

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    Mieczysław Markowski

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available The establishment of universities in Prague, Vienna and Krakow enabled the Silesians to participate to a greater extent in the university culture of late Middle Ages. Although a number of higher education institutions had sprung up in Central Europe in the 15th century, the relationship with the Krakow University proved the most permanent and fruitful.

  13. A Navigation Pattern Analysis of University Department's Websites Using a Processing Mining Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Kwan Hee; Hwang, Boram; Jeon, Jeonghwan

    2015-01-01

    The university's website is a useful tool in disseminating information to current and future college students and is supportive of the university's administrative activities. However, as the university's website began including more and more information and the design of it has become gradually more complex, it has become hard to find desired…

  14. a Bariatric Surgery Department

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    Ramon Vilallonga

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Robot-assisted sleeve gastrectomy has the potential to treat patients with obesity and its comorbidities. To evaluate the learning curve for this procedure before undergoing Roux en-Y gastric bypass is the objective of this paper. Materials and Methods. Robot-assisted sleeve gastrectomy was attempted in 32 consecutive patients. A survey was performed in order to identify performance variables during completion of the learning curve. Total operative time (OT, docking time (DT, complications, and length of hospital stay were compared among patients divided into two cohorts according to the surgical experience. Scattergrams and continuous curves were plotted to develop a robotic sleeve gastrectomy learning curve. Results. Overall OT time decreased from 89.8 minutes in cohort 1 to 70.1 minutes in cohort 2, with less than 5% change in OT after case 19. Time from incision to docking decreased from 9.5 minutes in cohort 1 to 7.6 minutes in cohort 2. The time required to dock the robotic system also decreased. The complication rate was the same in the two cohorts. Conclusion. Our survey indicates that technique and outcomes for robot-assisted sleeve gastrectomy gradually improve with experience. We found that the learning curve for performing a sleeve gastrectomy using the da Vinci system is completed after about 20 cases.

  15. From Access to Excess: Changing Roles and Relationships for Distance Education, Continuing Education, and Academic Departments in American Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashcroft, Judy Copeland

    2013-01-01

    In American universities, early distance education needed both continuing education and academic departments for establishing institutional cooperation, developing quality standards, adapting to change, and finding a funding model. Today, the Internet and the need for additional revenue are driving new distance education models.

  16. Investigating Administered Essay and Multiple-Choice Tests in the English Department of Islamic Azad University, Hamedan Branch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karimi, Lotfollah; Mehrdad, Ali Gholami

    2012-01-01

    This study has attempted to investigate the administered written tests in the language department of Islamic Azad University of Hamedan, Iran from validity, practicality and reliability points of view. To this end two steps were taken. First, examining 112 tests, we knew that the face validity of 50 tests had been threatened, 9 tests lacked…

  17. [Investigation of biologically active compounds at the Department of Organic Chemistry of University of Debrecen 1992-2009. Part III].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antus, Sándor

    2010-01-01

    The author briefly reviews the beginning of the carbohydrate chemistry in Hungary with special regard to the results achieved at the Department of Organic Chemistry of University of Debrecen and summarizes the most important synthetic and pharmaceutical results obtained in this field between 1992-2009, part III.

  18. Middle-Level Academic Management: A Case Study on the Roles of the Heads of Department at a Vietnamese University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Thi Lan Huong

    2013-01-01

    Middle-level academic managers play a central role in university management; however, their roles are not always clear and straightforward. Although this research subject has been comprehensively investigated in the last 40 years, most studies are western-biased. This study examines the roles of Heads of Department in a newly established…

  19. Data envelopment analysis with upper bound on output to measure efficiency performance of departments in Malaikulsaleh University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullah, Dahlan; Suwilo, Saib; Tulus; Mawengkang, Herman; Efendi, Syahril

    2017-09-01

    The higher education system in Indonesia can be considered not only as an important source of developing knowledge in the country, but also could create positive living conditions for the country. Therefore it is not surprising that enrollments in higher education continue to expand. However, the implication of this situation, the Indonesian government is necessarily to support more funds. In the interest of accountability, it is essential to measure the efficiency for this higher institution. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a method to evaluate the technical efficiency of production units which have multiple input and output. The higher learning institution considered in this paper is Malikussaleh University located in Lhokseumawe, a city in Aceh province of Indonesia. This paper develops a method to evaluate efficiency for all departments in Malikussaleh University using DEA with bounded output. Accordingly, we present some important differences in efficiency of those departments. Finally we discuss the effort should be done by these departments in order to become efficient.

  20. Overview of the NASA/RECON educational, research, and development activities of the Computer Science Departments of the University of Southwestern Louisiana and Southern University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominick, Wayne D. (Editor)

    1984-01-01

    This document presents a brief overview of the scope of activities undertaken by the Computer Science Departments of the University of Southern Louisiana (USL) and Southern University (SU) pursuant to a contract with NASA. Presented are only basic identification data concerning the contract activities since subsequent entries within the Working Paper Series will be oriented specifically toward a detailed development and presentation of plans, methodologies, and results of each contract activity. Also included is a table of contents of the entire USL/DBMS NASA/RECON Working Paper Series.

  1. Surgical treatment of burns sequelae. our experience in the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Pristina, Kosovo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buja, Z; Arifi, H; Hoxha, E; Duqi, S

    2015-09-30

    Burn injuries are very frequent in Kosovo, leading to long-lasting physical, functional, aesthetic, psychological and social consequences directly proportional to the time of healing; the longer it takes for the burn wound to heal, the more serious are the sequelae. The objectives of the present study are to review the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of burn patients presenting with post-burn sequelae and treated at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Pristina, Kosovo, from January 2005 until December 2011. This study included 188 patients with burns sequelae. The following variables were considered: age, sex, anatomical location, pathological types, and surgical procedure. There were 82 men (43.6%) and 106 women (56.4%), ranging in age from 0 to 67 years (mean age 33.5 years), most of the patients were children (139 = 73.9%). Burn contractures were observed in 135 (71.8%) patients, hypertrophic scars in 32 (17%), keloids in 10 (5.3%), alopecia in 6 (3.2%), syndactyly in 12 (6.4%), ectropion in 4 (2.1%) and ear deformity in 1 (0.53%) cases. To correct the deformities the most common choice was the Z-plasty technique, used in 31.4% of cases, followed by Z-plasty+full thickness skin grafts in 21.8%, full thickness skin grafts in 18.1%, tissue expansion in 8%, Z-plasty+local flaps in 4.8%, flaps (local, fascio-cutaneous, radial forearm) in 6.9% and direct closure in 6.4%. Timely wound closure and the development of an individual programme for surgical treatment of burns sequelae are crucial for optimal outcomes in patients with burns.

  2. Internet Presentation of Departments of Pediatric Surgery in Germany and Their Compliance with Recommended Criteria for Promoting Services and Offering Professional Information for Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farhat, Naim; Zoeller, Christoph; Petersen, Claus; Ure, Benno

    2016-08-01

    Introduction The presentation of health institutions in the internet is highly variable concerning marketing features and medical information. We aimed to investigate the structure and the kind of information provided on the Web sites of all departments of pediatric surgery in Germany. Furthermore, we aimed to identify the degree to which these Web sites comply with internet marketing recommendations for generating business. Method The Web sites of all pediatric surgery units referred to as departments on the official Web site of the German Society of Pediatric Surgery (GSPS) were assessed. The search engine Google was used by entering the terms "pediatric surgery" and the name of the city. Besides general data eight content characteristics focusing on ranking, accessibility, use of social media, multilingual sites, navigation options, selected images, contact details, and medical information were evaluated according to published recommendations. Results A total of 85 departments of pediatric surgery were included. On Google search results 44 (52%) ranked number one and 34 (40%) of the department's homepages were accessible directly through the homepage link of the GSPS. A link to own digital and/or social media was offered on 11 (13%) homepages. Nine sites were multilingual. The most common navigation bar item was clinical services on 74 (87%) homepages. Overall, 76 (89%) departments presented their doctors and 17 (20%) presented other staff members with images of doctors on 53 (62%) and contact data access from the homepage on 68 (80%) Web sites. On 25 (29%) Web sites information on the medical conditions treated were presented, on 17 (20%) details of treating concepts, and on 4 (5%) numbers of patients with specific conditions treated in the own department per year. Conclusion We conclude that numerous of the investigated online presentations do not comply with recommended criteria for offering professional information for patients and for promoting

  3. A Brief History of the Department of Archaeology, University of Calgary

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    Richard G. Forbis

    1993-05-01

    Full Text Available During the early 1960s, largely as a result of the "baby boom" of the 1940s, large numbers of students of college age surfaced. They demanded a wider scope for higher education in Canada. The period saw not only the expansion of facilities in already established universities, but also the creation of many new institutions, among them the University of Calgary. During the early 1960s, the number of full-time professionals practicing and teaching anthropological archaeology in Canada could be counted on the fingers of two hands. The centre of gravity was the National Museum of Canada in Ottawa; of the three to four research archaeologists there, Dr. James V. Wright and Dr. George MacDonald offered occasional instruction at nearby universities. As for other universities, Dr. J. Norman Emerson held a full-time position at the University of Toronto, as did Dr. William J. Mayer-Oakes at the University of British Columbia. Mayer-Oakes was then able to devote part of his valuable time to archaeology while Dr. Richard G. Forbis of the Glenbow Foundation served as sessional lecturer at the University of Alberta, Calgary Branch.

  4. [Pages from the history of the Department of Forensic Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonova, E N; Romanenko, G Kh; Sidorovich, Iu V

    2012-01-01

    The history of the Department of Forensic Medicine of I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University is highlighted based on the results of the studies of the relevant literature data and archival materials. The authors lay special emphasis on the organization of the teaching process and research at different stages of the development of the Department, scientific and forensic medical activities of its leading specialists, materials obtained in the course of research, and the contribution to the development of forensic medicine made by outstanding scientists.

  5. Die Medizinische Abteilung der Universitätsbibliothek Kiel / The Medical Department of the Kiel University Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hentschel, Eike

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The Medical Department of the Kiel University Library provides the most comprehensive collection of scientific medical literature in Schleswig-Holstein and serves students, scientists and physicians of the Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein – Campus Kiel. Medical journals – mostly online – are managed by the Kiel University Library in cooperation with the Faculty of Medicine. Due to changes in user behaviour and considerable needs for assistance new services are provided, for example a full-service document delivery – easy to use and free of charge – and specialized training courses. Renovation and modernisation of the building and library are scheduled for the next years.

  6. The university münster model surgery system for orthognathic surgery. Part II – KD-MMS

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    Ehmer Ulrike

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Model surgery is an integral part of the planning procedure in orthognathic surgery. Most concepts comprise cutting the dental cast off its socket. The standardized spacer plates of the KD-MMS provide for a non-destructive, reversible and reproducible means of maxillary and/or mandibular plaster cast separation. Methods In the course of development of the system various articulator types were evaluated with regard to their capability to provide a means of realizing the concepts comprised of the KD-MMS. Special attention was dedicated to the ability to perform three-dimensional displacements without cutting of plaster casts. Various utilities were developed to facilitate maxillary displacement in accordance to the planning. Objectives of this development comprised the ability to implement the values established in the course of two-dimensional ceph planning. Results The system - KD-MMS comprises a set of hardware components as well as a defined procedure. Essential hardware components are red spacer and blue mounting plates. The blue mounting plates replace the standard yellow SAM mounting elements. The red spacers provide for a defined leeway of 8 mm for three-dimensional movements. The non-destructive approach of the KD-MMS makes it possible to conduct different model surgeries with the same plaster casts as well as to restore the initial, pre-surgical situation at any time. Thereby, surgical protocol generation and gnathologic splint construction are facilitated. Conclusions The KD-MMS hardware components in conjunction with the defined procedures are capable of increasing efficiency and accuracy of model surgery and splint construction. In cases where different surgical approaches need to be evaluated in the course of model surgery, a significant reduction of chair time may be achieved.

  7. Increasing Incidence of Degenerative Spinal Diseases in Japan during 25 Years: The Registration System of Spinal Surgery in Tohoku University Spine Society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aizawa, Toshimi; Kokubun, Shoichi; Ozawa, Hiroshi; Kusakabe, Takashi; Tanaka, Yasuhisa; Hoshikawa, Takeshi; Hashimoto, Ko; Kanno, Haruo; Morozumi, Naoki; Koizumi, Yutaka; Sato, Tetsuro; Hyodo, Hironori; Kasama, Fumio; Ogawa, Shinji; Murakami, Eiichi; Kawahara, Chikashi; Yahata, Jun-Ichiro; Ishii, Yushin; Itoi, Eiji

    2016-01-01

    Spinal disorders affect mainly older people and cause pain, paralysis and/or deformities of the trunk and/or extremities, which could eventually disturb locomotive functions. For ensuring safe and high-quality treatment of spinal disorders, in 1987, the Tohoku University Spine Society (TUSS) was established by orthopedic departments in Tohoku University School of Medicine and its affiliated hospitals in and around Miyagi Prefecture. All spine surgeries have been enrolled in the TUSS Spine Registry since 1988. Using the data from this registration system between 1988 and 2012, we demonstrate here the longitudinal changes in surgical trends for spinal disorders in Japan that has rushed into the most advanced "aging society" in the world. In total, data on 56,744 surgeries were retrieved. The number of spinal surgeries has annually increased approximately 4-fold. There was a particular increase among patients aged ≥ 70 years and those aged ≥ 80 years, with a 20- to 90-fold increase. Nearly 90% of the spinal operations were performed for degenerative disorders, with their number increasing approximately 5-fold from 705 to 3,448. The most common disease for surgery was lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) (35.9%), followed by lumbar disc herniation (27.7%) and cervical myelopathy (19.8%). In 2012, approximately half of the patients with LSS and cervical myelopathy were ≥ 70 years of age. In conclusion, the number of spinal operations markedly increased during the 25-year period, particularly among older patients. As Japan has a notably aged population, the present study could provide a near-future model for countries with aging population.

  8. Radiation Protection in Radiology Departments of Ahvaz University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospitals, Ahvaz, Iran, 2015

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    Fouladi Dehaghi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Background Application of ionizing radiation in many fields especially in medicine is growing, and can cause adverse health effects. Objectives The current study aimed to evaluate the radiation protection principles in radiology departments, based on national standards. Materials and Methods The current study was conducted in all radiology departments of the teaching hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran, and their radiation protection status was investigated using Audit technique. For this purpose Audit checklist was prepared and essential information gathered by observation, interview with radiology department managers, and documentary surveying. At the end, standard situations were classified in three levels: poor (˂ 50%, medium (50 - 75%,s and good (75 - 100%. Results The mean of radiation protection in the studied radiology departments was 70.53%. The highest and lowest levels of radiation protection were in quality control and suitable ventilation, respectively. Radiation protection was evaluated as medium in 71.4% and good in 28.6% of the studied radiology departments. Conclusions The state of observed radiation protection principles was relatively in the weak level in the studied radiology departments especially in facilities such as ventilation system, radiography entrance, and darkroom situation. More important reason was usage changing of sections as radiology billet from related organizations.

  9. 78 FR 45957 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Columbia University, Department of Anthropology, New York, NY

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ..., Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, telephone (212) 854-4977, email roth@columbia.edu . SUPPLEMENTARY... York, NY 10027, telephone (212) 854-4977, email roth@columbia.edu , by August 29, 2013. After that...

  10. Medical Students' Perception of OSCE at the Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, KSA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfaki, Omer Abdelgadir; Al-Humayed, Suliman

    2016-02-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the students' acceptance of Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) as a method of assessment of clinical competence in internal medicine. This cross sectional study was conducted from June to August 2013, at King Khalid University, Abha, KSA, through a self-administered questionnaire which was completed by fourth year medical students, immediately after the OSCE. Student feedback confirmed their acceptance of OSCE. This was encouraging to the department to consider implementing OSCE for graduating students.

  11. The Zoology Department at Washington University (1944-1954): from undergraduate to graduate studies with Viktor Hamburger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunnebacke, T H

    2001-04-01

    Beginning from an undergraduate's perspective and continuing through graduate school, this student's experiences in the Department of Zoology at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri was a time of many rewarding experiences. Now, on this occasion of his 100th birthday, I wish to express my appreciation to the Chairman, Dr. Viktor Hamburger, for his teachings, his encouragement, and his friendship that has lasted over the past 56 years.

  12. [Results of the utilization of the ECMO-VA following cardiac surgery, in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery of Santa Maria Hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junqueira, Nádia; Côrte-Real, Hugo; Gallego, Javier; Ferreira, Ricardo; Guerra, Nuno; Carvalheiro, Catarina; Ferreira, Hugo; Sena, André; Arruda, Ricardo; Mendes, Mário; Lucas Nobre, Angelo

    2015-01-01

    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation through a veno-arterial circuit (ECMO-VA) is an organ support option in refractory cardiogenic shock, when the primary cause of decompensation is thought to be reversible. We report the clinical results of this technique in patients submitted to cardiac surgery at our center. We present a retrospective study of patients that underwent ECMO-VA after cardiac surgery and subsequent admission at the intensive care unit (ICU), in our center. The data were collected from clinical records. The statistical analysis was made with an SPSS 22.0 data base. We report data on 7 patients with an average age of 62 years. The mean SAPS II was 56 points, the Euroscore II was 17% and the British Columbia Cardiac Surgery Intensive Care Score was 71%. 57% of patiens underwent myocardial revascularization surgery, 29% were submitted to valvular surgery and 14% of the patients underwent an aortic surgery. All of the patients underwent peripheral cannulation, 71% of which was placed during surgery and in the remaining 29%, immediately after. All of the patients were put on mechanical ventilation and 86% needed an intra-aortic baloon and renal support. The main complications were acute renal injury (100%), coagulopathy (86%), emergency re-sternothomy (43%) ischaemia of the cannulated limb (29%) and central nervous system complications (29%). The average time of ECMO-VA use was 5 days and the mean stay in the ICU was 19 days. In 57% of patients, the de-cannulation was successful. The average in-patient survival was 43%. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation through a veno-arterial circuit (ECMO-VA) is an organ support option in refractory cardiogenic shock, when the primary cause of decompensation is thought to be reversible. The timely utilization of the procedure is crucial in cases with high probability of reversible causes of cardiogenic shock, where the rational for its use is to allow time for the myocardium to recover. The main difficulty identified

  13. The Relationship between Application of Information, Communication Technology and Organizational Effectiveness in Physical Education Departments of Universities of Tehran

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    Hamid Ghasemi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between use of information communication technology (ITC and organizational effectiveness in physical education departments of the University of Tehran carried out through the correlation method and the field research. All employees of Physical Education departments comprised our statistical population of whom 114 were randomly taken as the survey sample. We administered researcher-made information and communication technology (α=0.72, and Hamidi `effectiveness questionnaires (α=0.76. Descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation test were used for data analysis. Results showed that there was a significant relationship between the use of information and communication technology ( ITC and organizational effectiveness, (p <0.001, r = 0.482 .In general, application information and communication technology can play an important role in organizational effectiveness in physical education departments.

  14. [Results of the video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy at our department in the last five-year periode].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furák, József; Pécsy, Balázs; Ottlakán, Aurél; Németh, Tibor; Géczi, Tibor; Tiszlavicz, László; Lakatos, Anna; Lázár, György

    2016-09-01

    Herein we present the results of lobectomies performed with minimally invasive approach (video-assisted thoracic surgery - VATS) at our department during a period of five years. Between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2015, 197 lobectomies (malignant lesions: 176 cases, benign lesions: 21 cases) were performed by three thoracic surgeons and one resident. Demographical data are as follows: 119 female/78 male, mean age: 62.4 years (range: 41-82 years). In 2011 three VATS lobectomies were performed, equaling 2.2 % of all lobectomies in that year. During the upcomig years the number of VATS lobectomies were as follows: 2012: 7 (7.3%), 2013: 13 (12%), 2014: 59 (34.5%) and 2015: 119 (68.5%). In 153 cases multiportal (78%) and in 44 cases uniportal (22%) anterior approach was performed. The resected lobes showed the following distribution: right upper: 85, mid lobe: 5, right lower: 28, left upper: 44, left lower: 34, upper bilobectomy: 1. In two cases sleeve lobectomy was performed. In 8 cases (4%) conversion to thoracotomy was needed and among the 46 uniportal procedures, 5 cases needed to be expanded into biportal approach (11%). During the study period, no intraoperative, or perioperative mortality occured. Mean operative time was 123 minutes (range: 60-135 minutes) and mean time of chest drainage was 4.3 days (range: 1-27 days). Air leakage lasting more than 7 days was present in 11.7%. Reoperation was needed in 4 cases (2%), in two cases due to bleeding, and in two cases because of expansive difficulties due to extended subcutaneous emphysema. Among the 176 VATS lobectomies performed due to malignant lesions, 169 lung cancers and 7 metastases were removed. The distribution according to the stage and histology of lung cancers was as follows: IA: 100 cases, IB: 28 cases, IIA: 17 cases, IIB: 3 cases, IIIA: 16 cases, IIIB: 1 case, and IV: 4 cases; adenocarcinoma: 128 cases, squamous cell carcinoma: 26 cases, large cell carcinoma: 3 cases, small cell lung cancer: 1 case

  15. Leadership Style, Employee Satisfaction, and Productivity in the Enrollment Department of a Proprietary University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitwood, James

    2010-01-01

    The success of an enrollment department is critical to the success of an educational institution. The quantitative research study used a correlational design to measure the relationship between perceived leadership style, employee satisfaction, and departmental productivity. A sample of 41 admissions personnel from a Midwest proprietary university…

  16. Graduate Program Assessment of Student Satisfaction: A Method for Merging University and Department Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipschultz, Jeremy H.; Hilt, Michael L.

    1999-01-01

    Evaluates a communication graduate program based upon the perceptions of M.A. alumni satisfaction. Uses the department's assessment plan to measure graduates' perceived knowledge of theory and research, as well as feelings about career preparation. Finds that assessment measures related to content taught may be linked to perceptions about quality,…

  17. Graduate Program Assessment of Student Satisfaction: A Method for Merging University and Department Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipschultz, Jeremy H.; Hilt, Michael L.

    1999-01-01

    Evaluates a communication graduate program based upon the perceptions of M.A. alumni satisfaction. Uses the department's assessment plan to measure graduates' perceived knowledge of theory and research, as well as feelings about career preparation. Finds that assessment measures related to content taught may be linked to perceptions about quality,…

  18. Sustainability in Teaching, Research, and Community Practice: The FCS Department at California State University, Northridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pontikis, Kyriakos; Martin, Allen; Cai, Yi; Kim, Jongeun; Cao, Wei; Giordano, Angie; Torabian-Riasati, Setareh

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how a large comprehensive family and consumer sciences unit has incorporated sustainability into its curriculum and research agenda. It summarizes how each area within the department (Interior Design, Apparel Design and Merchandising, Consumer Affairs, Family Studies, Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food…

  19. Department Involvement in Instructional Materials Development for ODL Study at the Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanyanyiwa, Vincent Itai; Mutambanengwe, Betty

    2015-01-01

    The teaching and designing of modules at Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU) is the principal responsibility of a single body of teaching staff, although some authors and content reviewers could be sourced from elsewhere if they are not available in ZOU. This survey, through a case study, examines the involvement of lecturers and staff in the…

  20. Academics Transformational Leadership: An Investigation of Heads of Department Leadership Behaviours in Malaysian Public Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahir, Lokman; Abdullah, Tina; Ali, Fadzli; Daud, Khadijah

    2014-01-01

    Presently, the role and the function of universities in Malaysia have been described as being in a state of change. Several strategies have been adopted to assist in the re-branding of higher institutions of learning. As a consequence, an effective model of leadership practices, particularly at the Malaysian academic departmental level, has to be…

  1. Academics Transformational Leadership: An Investigation of Heads of Department Leadership Behaviours in Malaysian Public Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahir, Lokman; Abdullah, Tina; Ali, Fadzli; Daud, Khadijah

    2014-01-01

    Presently, the role and the function of universities in Malaysia have been described as being in a state of change. Several strategies have been adopted to assist in the re-branding of higher institutions of learning. As a consequence, an effective model of leadership practices, particularly at the Malaysian academic departmental level, has to be…

  2. Peer Observation of Teaching in University Departments: A Framework for Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Maureen; Cooper, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Academics in an engineering school at an Australian university participated in peer observation of a teaching program using a partnership approach. The present case study explains and discusses program aims, design, process and outcomes. The success of the program was dependent on four critical elements: educational leadership; a staged,…

  3. [What were the obstacles to the development of outpatient cataract surgery in Toulouse University Hospital in 2013?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suarez, C; Tolou, C; Cassagne, M; Lajoie, J; Mahieu, L; Hamid, S; Malecaze, F; Soler, V

    2015-11-01

    Cataract surgery is an ideal candidate for outpatient care. In 2013, in the Toulouse University Hospital, outpatient care rate for phacoemulsification was 75.8%. We conducted this study to identify the barriers that limit the development of outpatient cataract surgery in our establishment. A retrospective observational study was conducted. We included all patients who underwent phacoemulsification (Medical Act Code BFGA004) as a traditional inpatient in 2013. We excluded admissions for which the medical, anesthesia or nursing records, as well as scheduling sheets, were incomplete. Patients were classified according to the reason for inpatient hospitalization and the type of surgery: cataract as primary surgery or cataract as combined procedure. Two hundred and ninety-eight stays were included with a mean age of 66.8 ± 16.8 years, and a male/female ratio of 0.76. The indication for inpatient hospitalization was a social, surgical or anesthetic reason in the following respective proportions: 41, 34 and 8% of cases. Failure of ambulatory care represented 7% of cases. Social isolation represented 89% of social reasons. In a combined gesture, the reason was surgical in 89% of cases. Development of outpatient surgery requires the participation of all involved. Taking into account the social factors is an essential element for developing ambulatory surgery. Social isolation is a frequent situation requiring a societal response. With regard to surgical considerations, practice patterns must target outpatient combined procedures in particular. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  4. Incidence of deep venous thrombosis and stratification of risk groups in a university hospital vascular surgery unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Okuhara

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: There is a knowledge gap with relation to the true incidence of deep vein thrombosis among patients undergoing vascular surgery procedures in Brazil. This study is designed to support the implementation of a surveillance system to control the quality of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in our country. Investigations in specific institutions have determined the true incidence of deep vein thrombosis and identified risk groups, to enable measures to be taken to ensure adequate prophylaxis and treatment to prevent the condition.OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence of deep venous thrombosis in patients admitted to hospital for non-venous vascular surgery procedures and stratify them into risk groups.METHOD: This was a cross-sectional observational study that evaluated 202 patients from a university hospital vascular surgery clinic between March 2011 and July 2012. The incidence of deep venous thrombosis was determined using vascular ultrasound examinations and the Caprini scale.RESULTS: The mean incidence of deep venous thrombosis in vascular surgery patients was 8.5%. The frequency distribution of patients by venous thromboembolism risk groups was as follows: 8.4% were considered low risk, 17.3% moderate risk, 29.7% high risk and 44.6% were classified as very high risk.CONCLUSION: The incidence of deep venous thrombosis in vascular surgery patients was 8.5%, which is similar to figures reported in the international literature. Most vascular surgery patients were stratified into the high and very high risk for deep venous thrombosis groups.

  5. An audit of the quality of referral letters received by the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dublin Dental School and Hospital.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Moloney, Justin

    2010-10-01

    One hundred consecutive referral letters, sent by dental practitioners to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dublin Dental School and Hospital, were audited in terms of quality. The audit was based on the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) recommendations of 1998. The audit demonstrated that in general referral letters required modification and did not give the clinician the required information. This paper sets out the results of the audit and suggests a template that should be used for future referrals.

  6. An audit of the quality of referral letters received by the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dublin Dental School and Hospital.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Moloney, Justin

    2010-11-01

    One hundred consecutive referral letters, sent by dental practitioners to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dublin Dental School and Hospital, were audited in terms of quality. The audit was based on the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) recommendations of 1998. The audit demonstrated that in general referral letters required modification and did not give the clinician the required information. This paper sets out the results of the audit and suggests a template that should be used for future referrals.

  7. U.S. Department of Energy University Reactor Sharing Program at the University of Florida. Final report for period August 15, 2000 - May 31, 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vernetson, William G.

    2002-01-01

    Department of Energy Grant Number DE-FG02-96NE38152 was supplied to the University of Florida Training Reactor (UFTR) facility through the U.S. Department of Energy's University Reactor Sharing Program. The renewal proposal submitted in January 2000 originally requested over $73,000 to support various external educational institutions using the UFTR facilities in academic year 2000-01. The actual Reactor Sharing Grant was only in the amount of $40,000, all of which has been well used by the University of Florida as host institution to support various educational institutions in the use of our reactor and associated facilities as indicated in the proposal. These various educational institutions are located primarily within the State of Florida. However, when the 600-mile distance from Pensacola to Miami is considered, it is obvious that this Grant provides access to reactor utilization for a broad geographical region and a diverse set of user institutions serving over fourteen million inhabitants throughout the State of Florida and still others throughout the Southeast.

  8. Experience with a practice quality improvement system in a university radiology department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouo, Theresa

    2012-11-01

    In 2007, the ABR established and implemented Maintenance of Certification as a way to ensure radiologists' licensure and competency and to promote lifelong learning. Maintenance of Certification was instated for all radiologists receiving diagnostic radiology certificates starting in 2002. The 4 components of Maintenance of Certification are (1) Evidence of Professional Standing, (2) Lifelong Learning and Self-Assessment, (3) Cognitive Expertise, and (4) Practice Quality Improvement (PQI). Creating a PQI program involves establishing basic goals that, when met, will best benefit a department's needs. Developing a PQI system that promotes quality improvement will benefit the individuals involved, the department, and the institution. Much good can come from these projects: improved patient safety, increased efficiency and throughput with resultant cost savings, improved outcomes, and revenue generation. In addition, these efforts ensure that faculty members and trainees understand the importance of quality efforts in daily practice. This article reflects the author's experience setting up a PQI program for the radiology department of a large urban teaching hospital. Six steps are suggested to guide the creation of an effective PQI program.

  9. Advocating for Standards in Student Affairs Departments in African Institutions: University of Botswana experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbra M. Pansiri

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The Student Affairs Departments have seen immense growth over the years, from a discourse which had no academic relevance in higher education, to that which is expected to add value to the attraction, retention, and graduation of students. However, the latest developments have seen the role of Student Affairs Departments grow from ‘in‑loco parentis’ to educators who are expected to strategically position the image of their institutions to ensure that students are equipped with relevant, tried and tested skills in preparation for their studies, work, and civic engagement. The level of personal growth of students as they transition from secondary to tertiary institutions is now also traced to the effectiveness of Student Affairs personnel, policies, and structures. Thus the need for the visibility of such departments and the need to add value to higher education in the 21st century has escalated. More innovative ways of engaging students and academics in this social discourse has a bearing on a professional approach that places emphasis on standards. The argument is made for advancing standards in the sphere of Student Affairs as a method of enhancing needed visibility and adding value to African higher education, the focus of which is leading the continent’s transformation agenda towards socio-economic development.

  10. [Quality assessment according to DIN EN ISO 9001:2000: certification in a university ENT department].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helbig, M; Kahla-Witzsch, H A; Helbig, S; Knecht, R; Gstöttner, W

    2006-12-01

    In 2003, our department inaugurated a quality management system. The certification according to DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 as required by the hospital management was achieved in August 2005. The aims were optimization of internal operating schedules and standardization of procedures according to logistic interfaces with external structures. Since 2000, the implementation of an internal quality management system is required by German law and threatened by penalty in case of non-implementation. Beside a basic audit and optimization of all organizational procedures, all core processes were determined and the approvals checked. These aims involve both the quality of operational procedures, in and outpatient treatment, research, study and teaching and aspects of service such as quickness of scheduling and forwarding of reports as well as economic aspects and efficiency. The department of "quality management", whose main tasks are the professional guidance and the training of the quality management representatives, plays an important role. Realization of the new regulations and restructuring resulted in an increase in effectiveness and an improvement in operational procedures. In particular, patients and staff have benefited from the reorganized and modified sequence of operations. Implementation of a quality management system in different hospital departments is recommended.

  11. University of Florida--US Department of Energy 1994-1995 reactor sharing program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vernetson, W.G.

    1996-06-01

    The grant support of $24,250 (1994-95?) was well used by the University of Florida as host institution to support various educational institutions in the use of UFTR Reactor. All users and uses were screened to assure the usage was for educational institutions eligible for participation in the Reactor Sharing Program; where research activities were involved, care was taken to assure the research was not funded by grants for contract funding from outside sources. Over 12 years, the program has been a key catalyst for renewing utilization of UFTR both by external users around the State of Florida and the Southeast and by various faculty members within the University of Florida. Tables provide basic information about the 1994-95 program and utilization of UFTR.

  12. A Brief History of the Department of Archaeology, University of Calgary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard G. Forbis

    1993-11-01

    Full Text Available (The Editor wishes to acknowledge an omission of text in Dr. Richard Forbis' paper which appeared in the May 1993 issue of the Bulletin of the History of Archaeology. The Editor expresses his apologies for the omission and publishes again Dr. Forbis' entire paper so that the reader might have the benefit of the corrections made. During the early 1960s, largely as a result of the the "baby boom" of the 1940s, large numbers of students of college age surfaced. They demanded a wider scope for higher education in Canada. The period saw not only the expansion of facilities in already established universities but also the creation of many new institutions, among them the University of Calgary.

  13. Final report. U.S. Department of Energy University Reactor Sharing Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernard, John A

    2003-01-21

    Activities supported at the MIT Nuclear Reactor Laboratory under the U.S. DOE University Reactor Sharing Program are reported for Grant DE FG02-95NE38121 (September 16, 1995 through May 31, 2002). These activities fell under four subcategories: support for research at thesis and post-doctoral levels, support for college-level laboratory exercises, support for reactor tours/lectures on nuclear energy, and support for science fair participants.

  14. Association Euratom - DTU, Technical University of Denmark, Department of Physics - Annual Progress Report 2012

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The programme of the Research Unit of the Fusion Association Euratom – DTU, Technical University of Denmark covers work in fusion plasma physics and in fusion technology. The fusion plasma physics research focuses on turbulence and transport, and its interaction with the plasma equilibrium and particles. The effort includes both first principles based modelling, and experimental observations of turbulence and of fast ion dynamics by collective Thomson scattering. Within fusion technology ther...

  15. Association Euratom - DTU, Technical University of Denmark, Department of Physics - Annual Progress Report 2013

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The programme of the Research Unit of the Fusion Association Euratom – DTU, Technical University of Denmark covers work in fusion plasma physics and in fusion technology. The fusion plasma physics research focuses on turbulence and transport, and its interaction with the plasma equilibrium and particles. The effort includes both first principles based modelling, and experimental observations of turbulence and of fast ion dynamics by collective Thomsonscattering. Within fusion technology there...

  16. Association Euratom - DTU, Technical University of Denmark, Department of Physics - Annual Progress Report 2011

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The programme of the Research Unit of the Fusion Association Euratom – DTU, Technical University of Denmark (until 31-12- 2011: Association Euratom – Risø DTU) covers work in fusion plasma physics and in fusion technology. The fusion plasma physics research focuses on turbulence and transport, and its interaction with the plasma equilibrium and particles. The effort includes both first principles based modelling, and experimental observations of turbulence and of fast ion dynamics by collecti...

  17. Design and Implementation of a Task/Resource Information System. Reported by the Planning Department of the Agricultural University of Wageningen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Bladeren, D.; And Others

    The University of Wageningen takes care of only one faculty with 80 departments and about 4000 students. The university has been growing rapidly in recent years with an increase of 25 percent in first year students each year. Because of this growth and because of various social developments, the University Board recognizes the need for a good data…

  18. Design and Implementation of a Task/Resource Information System. Reported by the Planning Department of the Agricultural University of Wageningen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Bladeren, D.; And Others

    The University of Wageningen takes care of only one faculty with 80 departments and about 4000 students. The university has been growing rapidly in recent years with an increase of 25 percent in first year students each year. Because of this growth and because of various social developments, the University Board recognizes the need for a good data…

  19. Impact of a medical university on laparoscopic surgery in a service-oriented public hospital in the Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cawich SO

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Shamir O Cawich,1 Suresh Pooran,2 Barbara Amow,2 Ernest Ali,2 Fawwaz Mohammed,1 Marlon Mencia,1 Samuel Ramsewak,1 Seetharaman Hariharan,1 Vijay Naraynsingh1 1Department of Clinical Surgical Sciences, University of the West Indies, St Augustine, 2North West Regional Health Authority, Port of Spain General Hospital, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago Introduction: The Caribbean lags behind global trends for volume and complexity of laparoscopic operations. In an attempt to promote laparoscopy at a single facility, a partnership was formed between the University of the West Indies (UWI and the Port of Spain General Hospital in Trinidad and Tobago. This study seeks to document the effect of this partnership on laparoscopic practice.Materials and methods: In this partnership, the UWI took the bold step of volunteering to staff a surgical team if the Ministry of Health provided the necessary legislative changes. On August 1, 2013, a UWI team was introduced with a mandate to optimize teaching and promote laparoscopic surgery. The UWI team had a similar staff complement to the existing service-oriented teams. There was no immediate investment in equipment, hospital beds, ICU beds, or operating room space. Therefore, the new team was introduced with limited change in existing conditions, resources, and equipment.Results: There were 252 laparoscopic operations performed over the study period. After introduction of the UWI team, there was an increase in the mean number of unselected laparoscopic operations (3.17 vs 10.83 cases per month; P<0.001; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] −8.5 to −6.84; standard error of the difference [SED] 0.408, the mean number of basic laparoscopic operations (3.17 vs 6.94 cases per month; P<0.0001; 95% CI −4.096 to −3.444; SED 0.165, the mean number of advanced laparoscopic operations (0 vs 3.89; P<0.0001, the number of teams undertaking unselected laparoscopic operations (2 vs 5, and the number of teams independently

  20. Fossil mammoth teeth from the osteological collection of the Department for Geology, University in Ljubljana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Recek

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available The present treatise deals with the morphological and evolutionary characteristics of fossil mammoths housed by the Chair for Geology and Palaentology at the University of Ljubljana. Notwithstanding the fact that most localities are regarded as unknown, we may presume - according to the degree of development similar to the one of the tooth found in the vicinity of Knin as well as the molarstreated by Lenardic (1991a - that a major lot of teeth under examination is most probably from the Croatian territory. The palaentologic examination of the teeth in question has established that they belong to the species Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach of different developing stages.

  1. [Systemic Antimicrobials Consumption and Expenditures in Departments of Surgery of Multi-Profile Hospitals in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus: Results of Multicentre Pharmacoepidemiological Study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkova, Yu A; Rachina, S A; Kozlov, R S; Mishchenko, V M; Pavlukov, R A; Abubakirova, A I; Berezhanskiy, B V; Eliseeva, E V; Zubareva, N A; Karpov, I A; Kopylova, I A; Palyutin, Sh Kh; Portnyagina, U S; Pribytkova, O V; Samuylo, E K

    2016-01-01

    The results of the systemic antimicrobials (AM) consumption and expenditures assessment in the departments of surgery of multi-profile hospitals in different regions of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus in 2009-2010 based on retrospective collection and analysis of the data from the hospital expenditure notes using ATC/DDD methodology are presented. The average AM consumption and expenditure rates in the above mentioned departments varied from 24.9 DDD/100 bed-days to 61.7 DDD/100 bed-days depending on the department profile, with beta-lactams (cephalosporins and penicillins) share in the consumption being as high as 70-90%, followed by fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides. Only 55-70% of the consumed AM belonged to the drugs of choice, whereas the improper AM consumption and expenditure rates amounted up to 10-18%. The study outputs can be used for the budget allocation and AM distribution improvement in the departments of surgery, as well as for the development and efficacy control of the local antimicrobial stewardship programs.

  2. Internal quality audit and quality standards as a method of quality improvement at the Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasić, Mirjana; Pokupec, Rajko; Katusić, Damir; Miklić, Pavle; Suić, Ivan; Galić, Slobodan

    2005-01-01

    Quality assessment of clinical health care with the programme of quality standard is a method of health management, through which better efficiency and safety of health outcomes can be achieved. In the period from 2002 to 2004, a pilot program of quality has been carried out on the Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Center in Zagreb. Seven internal audit teams of hospital commission and teams of hospital departments were evaluating introducing practice for quality standards every three months. In the period of two years improvement in all standards of quality has been noticed (expressed in percent of progress towards the ideal result of 100%): personnel 20%, patient rights 15%, medical equipment 40%, quality of emergency service 60%, implementation of clinical guidelines and criteria for elective admission 55%, quality of risk prevention 70%, quality of medical records 60%. The two-years-improvement dynamics of about 46%, first year 24%.

  3. A new era in science at Washington University, St. Louis: Viktor Hamburger's zoology department in the 1940's.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, H L

    2001-04-01

    In the early 1940s, the administration of the College of Arts and Sciences at Washington University, St. Louis was firmly in the hands of classical scholars who were not inclined to promote the development of modern research on scientific subjects. Funds supporting research in biology favored the School of Medicine and the Missouri Botanical Garden. Viktor Hamburger arrived at Washington University in 1935. At about the time he became the Acting Chairman of Zoology in 1942, research work in the biological departments began a dramatic surge that has continued to this day. For 65 years under his counsel and leadership, basic biology has thrived at this fine institution. As an early faculty recruit, I recount here a few personal recollections from those formative years.

  4. Oral mucosal diseases in children - casuistics from the Department of Dermatology - University of São Paulo - Brazil*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erthal, Aline; Lourenço, Silvia Vanessa; Nico, Marcello Menta Simonsen

    2016-01-01

    There are no studies about pediatric oral mucosal diseases performed by dermatologists in Brazil. This study presents the casuistics of oral mucosal diseases in children examined at the Oral Diseases Clinic at the Department of Dermatology - University of São Paulo - Brazil. Cases were retrospectively studied from the hospital records from 2003 to 2015. A hundredsix children have been examined. Commoner lesions examined included mucoceles and aphthae. Rare and difficult cases were also seen and have been published; this clinic is based in a tertiary hospital center that deals mostly with complex cases. PMID:28099620

  5. [Diffculties in medico-social management of tuberculosis in Pneumology Departement of Fann University Teaching Hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndiaye, M W; Preira, A; Ndir, M; Ba, O; Cissokho, S; Diop Dia, D; Kandji, M; Diatta, A; Toure, N O; Niang, A; Dia, Y; Sylla, O; Hane, A A

    2004-01-01

    This prospective study included all the patients who, during the month of September 1995, were admitted for pulmonary baclliferous tuberculosis to the Pneumology Clinic of the Fann University Hospital, Dakar. The patient's escorts and the health personnel were also included in this study. The aim of the study was to find the different socio-economic and health factors impeding the hospitalization of tuberculosis patients in the Pneumology Clinic of Fann University Hospital. 22 members of the health team, 209 patients aged between 15 and 65 years and 209 escorts were interviewed. Out of the 10% of tuberculosis patients with HIV seropositivity, 80% admitted not to have informed their spouses of their infection. The decision to be admitted was made by the patient himself in 54.4% of cases and by his family in 45.5% of cases. Late admittance with regards to the beginning of symptoms was due to the recourse to traditional medicine in 43.7% of cases, wrong diagnosis in 24%, ignorance in 19.3% and, in 13% of cases, due to inappropiate anti tuberculosis treatment. Despite the fact that anti tuberculosis medicine was free of charge, each patient or his family spent an average sum of 87,500 CFA F (US dollar 175) for a month's admission (the minimal salary (SMIG) in Senegal is 32,000 CFA F (US dollar 64), and 40% of the patients and escorts had difficulties making this payment. 9 patients were judged to be poor by 25.7% of the patients and 8.7% found relations with the health personnel difficult. The escorts deplored the lack of toilets (only 1 out of 4 was functional), the time worn facilities, the overcrowding as well as the irregularity and poor quality of the hospital meals. The entire health team deplored the lack of adequate personnel and 30% of them deplored the lack of hygiene of some patients and escorts. Taking financial charge of tuberculosis patients at the Pneumology Clinic of the Fann University Hospital requires an increased financial effort from the State

  6. [Implementation of a quality management system for research and teaching in a university department of epidemiology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berghöfer, Anne; de Bucourt, Maximilian; Willich, Stefan N

    2007-01-01

    The present article analyses the development and implementation of quality management systems at institutes for clinical and theoretical research as exemplified by the Charité University Medical Centre's Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology, and Health Economics in Berlin. The Institute established its quality management system independently (i.e. without external consultants) and was able to fulfil the standard requirements within one year. The quality management system was successfully certified under European Standard DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 by an authorized external DIN-accredited inspection authority in October 2005 and recertified one year later. The certification covered the areas of research, teaching, and supporting administration. Our description of the individual steps involved and the corresponding timeline may be useful to organizations of a similar type and size seeking professional external certification.

  7. Surgical outcomes in native valve infectious endocarditis: the experience of the Cardiovascular Surgery Department – Cluj-Napoca Heart Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    MOLNAR, ADRIAN; MURESAN, IOAN; TRIFAN, CATALIN; POP, DANA; SACUI, DIANA

    2015-01-01

    Background and aims The introduction of Duke’s criteria and the improvement of imaging methods has lead to an earlier and a more accurate diagnosis of infectious endocarditis (IE). The options for the best therapeutic approach and the timing of surgery are still a matter of debate and require a close colaboration between the cardiologist, the infectionist and the cardiac surgeon. Methods We undertook a retrospective, descriptive study, spanning over a period of five years (from January 1st, 2007 to December 31st, 2012), on 100 patients who underwent surgery for native valve infectious endocarditis in our unit. Results The patients’ age varied between 13 and 77 years (with a mean of 54 years), of which 85 were males (85%). The main microorganisms responsible for IE were: Streptococcus Spp. (21 cases – 21%), Staphylococcus Spp. (15 cases – 15%), and Enterococcus Spp. (9 cases – 9%). The potential source of infection was identified in 26 patients (26%), with most cases being in the dental area (16 cases – 16%). The lesions caused by IE were situated in the left heart in 96 patients (96%), mostly on the aortic valve (50 cases – 50%). In most cases (82%) we found preexisting endocardial lesions which predisposed to the development of IE, most of them being degenerative valvular lesions (38 cases – 38%). We performed the following surgical procedures: surgery on a single valve - aortic valve replacement (40 cases), mitral valve replacement (19 cases), mitral valve repair (1 case), surgery on more than one valve – mitral and aortic valve replacement (20 cases), aortic and tricuspid valve replacement (1 case), aortic valve replacement with a mechanical valve associated with mitral valve repair (5 cases), aortic valve replacement with a biological valve associated with mitral valve repair (2 cases), and mitral valve replacement with a mechanical valve combined with De Vega procedure on the tricuspid valve (1 case). In 5 patients (5%) the bacteriological

  8. Building Geosciences Departments for the Future: Geospatial Initiatives at North Carolina Central University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlahovic, G.; Malhotra, R.; Renslow, M.; Albert, B.; Harris, J.

    2007-12-01

    Two ongoing initiatives funded by the NSF-GEO and NSF-HRD directorates are being used to enhance the geospatial program at the North Carolina Central University (NCCU) to make it a leader, regionally and nationally, in geoscience education. As one of only two Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) in the southeast offering Geography as a major, NCCU has established a Geospatial Research, Innovative Teaching, and Service (GRITS) Center and has partnered with American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS) to offer "Provisional" GIS certification to students graduating with Geography degrees. This presentation will focus on the role that ongoing geospatial initiatives are playing in attracting students to this program, increasing opportunities for academic and industry internships and employment in the field after graduation, and increasing awareness of the NCCU geosciences program among GIS professionals in North Carolina. Some of the program highlights include "Provisional" ASPRS certification recently awarded to three NCCU graduate students - the first three students in the nation to complete the provisional certification process. This summer GRITS Center faculty conducted two GIS workshops for academic users and three more are planned in the near future for North Carolina GIS professionals. In addition, a record number of students were awarded paid internship positions with government agencies, non profit organizations and the industry. This past summer our students worked at NOAA, NC Conservation Fund, UNC Population Center, and Triangle Aerial Surveys. NCCUs high minority enrollment (at the present above 90%) and quality and tradition of geoscience program make it an ideal incubator for accreditation and certification activities and a possible role model for other HBCUs.

  9. U.S. Department of Energy University Reactor Instrumentation Program Final Report for 1992-94 Grant for the University of Florida Training Reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vernetson, William G.

    1999-04-01

    Overall, the instrumentation obtained under the first year 1992-93 University Reactor Instrumentation Program grant assured that the goals of the program were well understood and met as well as possible at the level of support provided for the University of Florida Training Reactor facility. Though the initial grant support of $21,000 provided toward the purchase of $23,865 of proposed instrumentation certainly did not meet many of the facility's needs, the instrumentation items obtained and implemented did meet some critical needs and hence the goals of the Program to support modernization and improvement of reactor facilities such as the UFTR within the academic community. Similarly, the instrumentation obtained under the second year 1993-94 University Reactor Instrumentation Program grant again met some of the critical needs for instrumentation support at the UFTR facility. Again, though the grant support of $32,799 for proposed instrumentation at the same cost projection does not need all of the facility's needs, it does assure continued facility viability and improvement in operations. Certainly, reduction of forced unavailability of the reactor is the most obvious achievement of the University Reactor Instrumentation Program to date at the UFTR. Nevertheless, the ability to close out several expressed-inspection concerns of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission with acquisition of the low level survey meter and the area radiation monitoring system is also very important. Most importantly, with modest cost sharing the facility has been able to continue and even accelerate the improvement and modernization of a facility, especially in the Neutron Activation Analysis Laboratory, that is used by nearly every post-secondary school in the State of Florida and several in other states, by dozens of departments within the University of Florida, and by several dozen high schools around the State of Florida on a regular basis. Better, more reliable service to such

  10. Quality management: reduction of waiting time and efficiency enhancement in an ENT-university outpatients' department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helbig Matthias

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Public health systems are confronted with constantly rising costs. Furthermore, diagnostic as well as treatment services become more and more specialized. These are the reasons for an interdisciplinary project on the one hand aiming at simplification of planning and scheduling patient appointments, on the other hand at fulfilling all requirements of efficiency and treatment quality. Methods As to understanding procedure and problem solving activities, the responsible project group strictly proceeded with four methodical steps: actual state analysis, analysis of causes, correcting measures, and examination of effectiveness. Various methods of quality management, as for instance opinion polls, data collections, and several procedures of problem identification as well as of solution proposals were applied. All activities were realized according to the requirements of the clinic's ISO 9001:2000 certified quality management system. The development of this project is described step by step from planning phase to inauguration into the daily routine of the clinic and subsequent control of effectiveness. Results Five significant problem fields could be identified. After an analysis of causes the major remedial measures were: installation of a patient telephone hotline, standardization of appointment arrangements for all patients, modification of the appointments book considering the reason for coming in planning defined working periods for certain symptoms and treatments, improvement of telephonic counselling, and transition to flexible time planning by daily updates of the appointments book. After implementation of these changes into the clinic's routine success could be demonstrated by significantly reduced waiting times and resulting increased patient satisfaction. Conclusion Systematic scrutiny of the existing organizational structures of the outpatients' department of our clinic by means of actual state analysis and analysis of

  11. At first glance, informal payments experience on track: why accept or refuse? Patients' perceive in cardiac surgery department of public hospitals, northeast of Iran 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vafaei Najar, Ali; Ebrahimipour, Hossein; Pourtaleb, Arefeh; Esmaily, Habibollah; Jafari, Mehdi; Nejatzadegan, Zohre; Taleghani, Yasamin Molavi

    2017-03-14

    Patient's Informal payments is among the main source of health care financing in some countries. This paper aimed at determining the patient informal payments and relative factors in Cardiac Surgery Departments (CSD) in hospitals affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS) in 2013. In this cross-sectional study, 316 discharged patients were selected using multi-stage sampling. Data gathering tool was a questionnaire which was filled by structured telephone interviews. We used quantitative content analysis for open-ended questions besides descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests by SPSS 16 at 0.05 Sig level. Sixteen (5.93%) patients made voluntary informal payments. The purpose of payment was: "gratitude" (43.75%), satisfaction with health services provided" (31.25%) and (18.75%) for better quality of services. About 75% of the payments were occurred during receiving health care services. The main causes were "no request for informal payments" (98.14%), "not affording to pay for informal payments" (73.33%) and "paying the hospital expenses by taking out a loan" (55.91%). Responders said they would pay informally in demand situation (51.85%) just for patient's health priority, 40.71% would also "search for other alternative solutions" and 27.33% "accepted the demand as a kind of gratitude culture". Twenty four patients (8.9%) had experienced mandatory informal payments during the last 6 months. The minimum amount of payment was 62.5$ and the maximum was 3125$. There was a significant relationship between the way of referring to medical centers and informal patient's payment (P ≤0.05). Despite the widespread prevalent belief about informal payments in public hospitals -particularly to the well-known physicians - such judgment cannot be generalized. The main reasons for the low informal payments in the current study were the personality characteristics of the physicians and hospital staff, their moral conscience and commitment to professional

  12. The condition of interdisciplinary communication among various Educational and Research Departments of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazaheri, Elaheh; Geraei, Ehsan; Zare-Farashbandi, Firoozeh; Papi, Ahmad

    2017-01-01

    The study aimed to assess interdisciplinary communication among various Educational and Research Departments of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) in clinical medical sciences using social network analysis. The study was carried out using scientometrics method and interdisciplinary communication network analysis. Interdisciplinary network of 1298 articles in medical sciences published in Journal of Isfahan Medical School was evaluated using macro- and micro-level criteria of network analysis. Ravar Matrix, UCINET, and VOSviewer software were used to analyze the interdisciplinary network of medical sciences articles. Findings showed that "Students Research Committee" and "School of Medicine," the affiliations of the medical students in general practice with scores of 272 and 197, "Epidemiology and Biostatistics," "Community Medicine," and "Internal Medicine" with 170, 101, and 99, respectively, possessed the first ranking of productivity index in scientific communication. Furthermore, in betweenness centrality index, "Epidemiology and Biostatistics" (3427.807), "Students Research Committee" (2967.180), and "Community Medicine" (1770.300) have an appropriate position in the network. Based on the centrality index, "Epidemiology and Biostatistics" (22.412), "Students Research Committee" (22.185) as well as "Community Medicine" and "School of Medicine" (both 21.554) acquired the least amount of distance with other nodes in network. Given the increased specialization in medical fields in recent years, communication between researchers with various specializations and creation of interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary departments had turned into an undeniable necessity. Therefore, communication between educational or research departments can facilitate the flow of information between researchers; and consequently, the top ranking departments in this study had more participation in scientific production of IUMS and getting more scores in annual evaluation by

  13. Present versus preferred public relations practices of athletic departments in Canadian universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soucie, D; Cantle, R

    1979-06-01

    Public relations (PR) practices in athletic departments (AD's) of C.I.A.U. - member institutions were surveyed with a mailed questionnaire. The instrument which included fifty-seven items of a two-part nature, measured eight "present" and "preferred" public relations characteristics. A 74.5% (N = R35) response rate was achieved over a six-week period. Analysis of results indicated that: (1) Present concepts of the purposes of PR programs in AD's are much less clear than they could be; (2) While most AD's maintain an identifiable unit responsible for PR, the majority of personnel practising these roles are not qualified by experience and/or training in this area; (3) Even though relationships and internal communications within AD's, regarding PR issues, seem fairly adequate, additional means of providing internal feedback on PR activities are needed; (4) Even though local media have been well identified and are contacted regularly, the present flow of external communications appears to be one-way. i.e. from the AD's to the press, and more exphasis on information needs and requests originating from the media is required; (5) Provisions for performance evaluation and long-range planning of the PR programs appear very poor; (6) AD's in the Ontario and Great Plains athletic conferences generally offer far greater provisions for a sound PR program.

  14. Interactive Online Modules and Videos for Learning Geological Concepts at the University of Toronto Department of Earth Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veglio, E.; Graves, L. W.; Bank, C. G.

    2014-12-01

    We designed various computer-based applications and videos as educational resources for undergraduate courses at the University of Toronto in the Earth Science Department. These resources were developed in effort to enhance students' self-learning of key concepts as identified by educators at the department. The interactive learning modules and videos were created using the programs MATLAB and Adobe Creative Suite 5 (Photoshop and Premiere) and range from optical mineralogy (extinction and Becke line), petrology (equilibrium melting in 2-phase systems), crystallography (crystal systems), geophysics (gravity anomaly), and geologic history (evolution of Canada). These resources will be made available for students on internal course websites as well as through the University of Toronto Earth Science's website (www.es.utoronto.ca) where appropriate; the video platform YouTube.com may be used to reach a wide audience and promote the material. Usage of the material will be monitored and feedback will be collected over the next academic year in order to gage the use of these interactive learning tools and to assess if these computer-based applications and videos foster student engagement and active learning, and thus offer an enriched learning experience.

  15. Analysis of ESBL- and AmpC-positive Enterobacteriaceae at the Department of Neonatology, University Hospital Olomouc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husičková, Vendula; Chromá, Magdaléna; Kolář, Milan; Hricová, Kristýna; Stosová, Taťána; Kantor, Lumír; Dubrava, Lubomír

    2011-06-01

    Bacterial infections are an important issue in current clinical medicine. The severity of infectious diseases has increased dramatically in recent years, which is also due to increasing numbers of resistant bacteria, including strains producing broad-spectrum beta-lactamases. The study aimed at determining the prevalence of ESBL- and AmpC-positive Enterobacteriaceae at the Department of Neonatology, University Hospital Olomouc. Enterobacteriaceae were isolated from clinical samples from infants hospitalized at the Department of Neonatology, University Hospital Olomouc over a period of 2 years. ESBL- and AmpC-positive isolates were subjected to basic genetic analysis. In the study period, a total of 1,526 isolates of the Enterobacteriaceae family were identified, including 55 (3.6%) cases of the ESBL phenotype and 17 (1.1%) AmpC-positive isolates. Genetic analysis of ESBL-positive isolates revealed a majority of CTX-M enzymes. Among AmpC beta-lactamases, the EBC, CIT, DHA, and MOX types were detected. An Escherichia coli strain was isolated with mutations in the promoter region of the ampC chromosomal gene that are associated with overproduction of the relevant enzyme.

  16. [History of the Department of Neurology at the University of Buenos Aires (1887-2007)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allegri, Ricardo F; Bartoloni, Leonardo; Sica, Roberto E

    2016-07-01

    In 1887, only five years after Jean-Martin Charcot was awarded the Head of Neurology at "La Salpetrière" in Paris, José María Ramos Mejía became the first professor of Neurology in South America, at the School of Medicine of the University of Buenos Aires. Ramos Mejía convoked three assistants, the neuropathologist Christofredo Jakob, the clinician José A. Esteves and José Ingenieros. Hence it followed that Neurology in Argentina took a stand based on a clinical neurology-neuropathology approach (1941-1987) followed by a clinical-semiological attitude, finally inserting itself within the modern times (1987-present) by creating subspecialties. Throughout its history, Argentina has made remarkable contributions to Neurology, such as the diagnosis and pathogenesis of the nervous system involvement occurring in some regional endemic disorders -for instance, Chagas' disease-, the clinical approach to the diagnosis of dementias, and the pathogenesis of extrapyramidal illnesses and other primary degenerative diseases of the central nervous system, mainly amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. On the other hand, in recent years globalization allowed neurologists to participate in international cooperative projects, favoring a swifter development in the practice of this discipline.

  17. Organizing Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) Journal Clubs in Department of Neurosurgery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shokouhi, Ghaffar; Ghojazadeh, Morteza; Sattarnezhad, Neda

    2012-01-01

    A journal club is a group of individuals who meet regularly to evaluate critically the clinical application of latest medical literature. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is 'the use of current best evidence, in making decisions about the care of individual patients'. For this purpose, we organized journal clubs using standard EBM method, to substitute for traditional ones, evaluating efficacy of evidence based meetings in improvement of medical education in department of Neurosurgery. After six traditional journal clubs two validated questionnaires (evaluating organizing method and degree of satisfaction), were filled out by the residents. After an instructing workshop and six evidence based journal sessions, the same questionnaires were completed by the attendees. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 17. The mean score of the first questionnaires (Evaluating the method of organizing sessions) 16.72±7.86 (median=14) for traditional journal clubs and 40.18±6.38 (median=40) for evidence based forms (P=0.003).The mean grade of the second questionnaires (degree of satisfaction) was 13.18±4.6 (median=14) and 21.90±4.27 (median=22), for traditional and evidence based ones, respectively. (P=0.006). The aim of evidence based journal club is to help individuals to evaluate the current literature critically. The best way to decide if any adjustments are necessary is to ask the participants whether they are satisfied with the conference. As improvement of critical judgment is the goal of the journal clubs, the response of the resident according to the knowledge of methodology and biostatistics, is a principle. In present study, significant improvement in critical appraisal skills was seen after holding evidence based journal clubs.

  18. Surgery Videos: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Winston-Salem, NC, 1/15/2009) Weight Loss Surgery Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery (University of Miami Hospital ... Boston, Boston, MA, 6/08/2010) Weight Loss Surgery Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery (University of Miami Hospital ...

  19. Off-label use in germany - a current appraisal of gynaecologic university departments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ditsch N

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective The off-label use, referring to the applicability of pharmaceutical drugs beyond the submitted and from the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM, Bundesamt für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte certified and approved administration, is the subject of controversial discussions. the application can be considered in case of severe illness - if no therapeutic alternatives are available - or it exists as a founded perspective for achieving therapeutic success. Methods A latitudinal study for evaluating the application of off-label use supplements was performed at 43 German university and academic teaching hospitals. Five doctors at each hospital applied off-label pharmaceutical drugs and were called upon to share their personal experience to the application of those medications. Results 75 (35% questionnaires were returned out of 22 (51% medical centres with 215 contacted physicians. Off-label use was common for 65 (91% of the physicians. Only 9% of them obviate the application of off-label drugs. About a half of the medication is related to application in obstetrics (54% and in most cases on an every day basis. Uterotonics were the most commonly used off-label medications (34%. The main part of information about off-label use is obtained from personal information of colleagues (66% and personal experience (58%. 34% of physicians think that off label use is risky. Interestingly, the view about off label use of medication varies considerably among physicians from various hospitals. Conclusions The application of off-label pharmaceutical drugs in Germany seems to be a well established practice. More than 90% of participators of our trial use at least one medication outside the administration. This includes particularly prostaglandins, anti-hyper-tonic therapeutics and chemotherapeutics.

  20. Sexual Abuse Directed to Children Admitted to Kocaeli University School of Medicine Department of Forensic Medicine 1998-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Başar Çolak

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Child sexual abuse is the abuse of the child, who has not yet completed his/her sexual development, by an adult for sexual arousal. Misdiagnosed sexual abuse is the cause of either suspect’s being punished or harming of unguilt as well as preventing children’s protection. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate child sexual abuse cases with their characteristics and examination periods which are informed to Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine. Between 1998-2006, the reports and files of cases at the registers of Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine, examined retrospectively. Fifty cases (3,1%under the heading of sexual abuse are included in the study. It is determined that 62% of cases are females, 38% of them are males and 60 % of the cases are under the age of 12. It is also determined that suspects are mostly the cases’ acquaintances (70% and all of suspects are males. In the 36% (n= 18 of the cases, the questions are asked towards physical diagnosis, in 50% (n = 25 of the cases, the questions were oriented towards mental health, while 14% (n=7 of the cases are examined through both physical and mental evaluations. Impairment of mental health which can be considered as the result of sexual abuse are determined in the 60,5% (n=23 of 38 mental-oriented cases. After recent legal arrangement, a significant increase in sexual abuses is observed and recorded in Department of Forensic Medicine. The organisation and functioning of the units connected to the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Justice are considered unsuitable for the evaluation of sexual abuse. Foundation of Center of Sexual Abuse Evaluation would provide early treatment of present or probable pathologies as well as precise diagnosis. Key words: Child, sexual abuse, mental evaluation, child psychiatry

  1. [The orthodontic department in opinion of graduates of Faculty of Dentistry of Pomeranian Medical University in years 2006/2007].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syryńska, Maria; Post, Marcin; Tsynkel, Pavel; Durka-Zajac, Magdalena

    2008-01-01

    The verification of methods of conducting clinical and theoretical classes has influence on improvement of work organization. The aim of this paper was to collect and analyze information about didactics in Department of Orthodontics of Pomeranian Medical University and perspectives in the field of professional work. At the end of academic year 2006/2007, 5th year students of Faculty of Dentistry evaluated classes conducted in Department of Orthodontics. All (69) 5th year students were included in the investigation. The material was collected by an anonymous questionnaire distributed after orthodontic final exam. Students assessed well didactics in Orthodontic Department. Compared to previous years percentage of students that wanted to work abroad has increased and the number of student that wanted to work in Poland as employees has decreased. More students are going to develop their own dental practice. The yearly character of the questionnaire investigations allows to observe that professional plans of future dentists are changing together with the situation on job market in dental branch.

  2. 浅析临床普外危重症的治疗%Analysis of Clinical Treatment of Critically Ill Patients in General Surgery Department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付寒林

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究分析普外科危重患者的临床治疗方式。方法根据我院普外科危重患者186例的临床治疗资料来进行研究分析,术后为患者提供氧代谢来调整器官功能情况,对治疗效果进行总结分析。结果患者接受一系列治疗措施后,致死率比较低,治疗效果较显著。结论普外科患者接受手术治疗,清除感染病灶,遏制高分解代谢能够对患者的生命体征稳定起到帮助,降低了临床死亡率,提升手术治疗效果,改善患者的生活质量。%Objective To study the clinical treatment of critically ill patients in department of general surgery.Methods According to the clinical treatment data of 186 cases of critically ill patients in the department of general surgery in our hospital to carry on the research analysis, for patients with postoperative oxygen metabolism to adjust the organ function, to analyze the therapeutic effect.Results A series of treatment measures in this study of patients in clinic, the lethal rate was relatively low, relatively significant patients receive treatment effect.ConclusionPatients in the department of general surgery received operation treatment, clear the infection foci, curb high catabolism stable vital signs, can reduce clinical mortality, improve the effect of operation treatment, improve the quality of life of patients.

  3. Development of orthopaedics in Slovenia and the history of the Orthopaedic Department Ljubljana University Hospital--on the occasion of the WHO "Bone and Joint Decade" (2000-2010).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zupanic Slavec, Zvonka; Herman, Srecko; Slavec, Ksenija

    2011-01-01

    In Slovenia, orthopaedics started to develop at the end of WWI, when the number of the handicapped increased. Dr Anton Brecelj, who in 1919 laid the groundwork for the welfare of handicapped and sent a Czech doctor Franc Minař to specialise in orthopaedic surgery. When Minař returned to Ljubljana in 1923, he established an orthopaedic unit within surgery and in 1937 took over its management. Orthopaedics developed very quickly after 1945, when Ljubljana University set up a School of Medicine, a Department of Orthopaedics and Physical Medicine within the School, and Orthopaedic Clinic of the University Hospital. Orthopaedic surgeons from Ljubljana participated in the establishment of a hospital for osteoarticular tuberculosis in Valdoltra, (which later became the largest orthopaedic hospital in Slovenia), specialised clinics and orthopaedic hospital departments throughout Slovenia, schools for physiotherapists in Ljubljana, the Slovenian Rehabilitation Institute - Soča, the Home for Disabled Children in Kamnik, and the spa and rehabilitation centre in Laško. In 2011, orthopaedics in Slovenia holds 600 hospital beds and has about 75 orthopaedic surgeons who annually treat around 50,000 patients.

  4. A STUDY OF PRE OPERATION NURSING VISIT ABOUT THE NURSES’ VIEW FROM THE SURGERY ROOM OF A UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izilda Esmenia Muglia Araújo

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available This study to do an analysis of the PONV`s importance, by nurses from the Daily’s SurgeryRoom of an University Hospital, through forms distributed to them and to apply the written communicationinstrument on the PONV,proposed by NORONHA & ARAÚJO (1995. The results this research were: 92,9% ofthe nurses from the Daily’s Surgery Room think that it is important the performance of the PONV to the patientand Nursing aid, and 85,7% think the PONV is important for the nurse who works in a Surgery Room. Thewritten communication instrument on the PONV was applied with success, being really easy to fill it in with clearquestions , showing so to be a lot of viable but some items of the instrument like blood group and FATOR RHcouldn’t be filled even after the records check. In this way, I think it is worth the suggestion o9f sitting the writtencommunication instrument proposed by ARAÚJO AND NORONHA (1995 at this State University, proposinghowever, inclusion on the patients’ records data about blood group and FATOR RH.

  5. Academic Position "Associate Professor in Chemistry Education" of the Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Sofia: Dr. Milena Kirova [In Bulgarian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.V. Toshev

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This is a review of research activity of Dr. Milena Kirova who applies for the academic position “Associate Professor in Chemistry Education” at the Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Sofia.

  6. Electronic Learning in Library Science : A Review For e-learning Web Site of Library & Information Department in Imam Mohamed Ben Soud University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available A review for the electronic learning of Library & Information Department in Imam Mohamed Ben Soud University, it includes, the features of the system , its main contents, courses and forums, and gives statistics about the web site.

  7. [History of the department of Psychiatry at the University of Montreal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stip, Emmanuel

    2015-01-01

    team at the Hôpital Louis-H. Lafontaine (now IUSMM). Significant advances related to the interaction between the psychoanalytic movement and community psychiatry were greatly influenced by the work at the Pavillon Albert-Prévost and the emergence of behavioral therapies (Dr. Yves Lamontagne) and cognitive studies conducted by the Hôpital Louis-H. Lafontaine. Great discoveries about sleep were performed at the Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal by teams gathered around Jacques-Yves Montplaisir.We also recall that two ministers from the Quebec government with important political responsibilities were members or directors of the Département de psychiatrie. These are Drs. Camille Laurin and Denis Lazure.The Département aims to strengthen clinical and basic research by contributing new knowledge that will improve care for people with mental disorders. These efforts benefit both patients and the medical students and residents being trained to care for them. The Département remains committed to its program, to pre-doctoral education (ensuring that all medical students at the Université are trained to recognize, diagnose, and be familiar with treatment options for mental disorders), to post-doctoral education for future psychiatrists, and to the care of Quebec's patients.For over 50 years, the academic department has played a key role in attracting and recruiting excellent academic and clinical resources to staff the programs and services of our hospital partners.

  8. The Department of Baltic Philology (1921–1940 established by Jānis Endzelīns at the University of Latvia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarma Kļaviņa

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the history of the Department of Baltic Philology of the Faculty of Philology and Philosophy at the University of Latvia. The department was established in the academic year of 1920/1921 by professor Jānis Endzelīns, who also acted as head of the department throughout its existence. Using the documents available at the Latvian State Historical Archives and the Museum of the University of Latvia, as well as published memories, the article provides a characterization of the establishment process of this department as an unprecedented one among the universities around the globe. The article also describes study programmes and their development, students and graduates, academic personnel, international relations of the department and its reputation.

  9. The 2007 San Diego Wildfire impact on the Emergency Department of the University of California, San Diego Hospital System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schranz, Craig I; Castillo, Edward M; Vilke, Gary M

    2010-01-01

    In October 2007, San Diego County experienced a severe firestorm resulting in the burning of more than 368,000 acres, the destruction of more than 1,700 homes, and the evacuation of more than 500,000 people. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of the 2007 San Diego Wildfires, and the acute change in air quality that followed, on the patient volume and types of complaints in the emergency department. A retrospective review was performed of a database of all patients presenting to the Emergency Departments of University of California, San Diego (UCSD) hospitals for a six-day period both before (14-19 October 2007) and after (21-26 October 2007) the start of the 2007 firestorm. Charts were abstracted for data, including demographics, chief complaints, past medical history, fire-related injuries and disposition status. As a measure of pollution, levels of 2.5 micron Particulate Matter (PM 2.5) also were calculated from data provided by the San Diego Air Pollution Control District. Emergency department volume decreased by 5.8% for the period following the fire. A rapid rise in PM2.5 levels coincided with the onset of the fires. The admission rate was higher in the period following the fires (19.8% vs. 15.2%) from the baseline period. Additionally, the Left Without Being Seen (LWBS) rate doubled to 4.6% from 2.3%. There was a statistically significant increase in patients presenting with a chief complaint of shortness of breath (6.5% vs. 4.2% p = 0.028) and smoke exposure (1.1% vs. 0% p = 0.001) following the fires. Patients with significant cardiac or pulmonary histories were no more likely to present to the emergency department during the fires. Despite the decreased volume, the admission and LWBS rate did increase following the onset of the firestorm. The cause of this increase is unclear. Despite a sudden decline in air quality, patients with significant cardiac and pulmonary morbidity did not vary their emergency department utilization rate. Based on the

  10. Two years of experience with robot-assisted anti-reflux surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanberg Jensen, Jonas; Kold Antonsen, Henning; Durup, Jesper

    2017-01-01

    Background and aims Robot-assisted anti-reflux surgery (RAAS) is an alternative to conventional laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery (CLAS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate initial Danish experiences with robot-assisted anti-reflux surgery compared to conventional laparoscopic anti...... no particular advantages to performing antireflux surgery as robot-assisted procedures neither intra-operatively nor at follow-up.......-reflux surgery incorporating follow-up and evaluation of possible learning curve. Material and methods Patients undergoing primary RAAS or CLAS at The Department of Surgery A, Odense University Hospital and The Department of General Surgery, Kolding Hospital from April 2013 to April 2015 was included...

  11. Data envelopment analysis - DEA and fuzzy sets to assess the performance of academic departments: a case study at Federal University of Santa Catarina - UFSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopes Ana Lúcia Miranda

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper address the issue of performance evaluation - productivity and quality - of academic departments at an University. A DEA model was used to simulate a process of cross-evaluation between departments. The results of DEA in the dimensions of teaching, research, service and quality were modeled as fuzzy numbers and then aggregated through a weighted ordered aggregator. A single index of performance for each department was generated. The proposal is to identify departments with low performance in one or more dimensions that should receive additional evaluation from an external auditing committee. A by-product of the model is to enlarge the possibility of working with more variables than a conventional DEA model. The model applied to a set of fifty-eight departments of a Brazilian University showed fifteen with low performance. Zero correlation between department teaching, research and service were observed. Weak correlation was detected between research productivity and quality. Weak scale effects were detected.

  12. Non-Opioid Analgesics Consumption At The Surgery Departments Of A Secondary Care Hospital In General Hospital In Kraljevo, Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Aleksic Dejan; Bukonjic Andriana; Stefanovic Srdjan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the amount of non-opioid analgesics consumed at the surgical departments of a secondary care hospital in Serbia, a developing country undergoing a socioeconomic transition that thus lacks sufficient funds to finance and invest in the healthcare system.

  13. Non-Opioid Analgesics Consumption At The Surgery Departments Of A Secondary Care Hospital In General Hospital In Kraljevo, Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksic Dejan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the amount of non-opioid analgesics consumed at the surgical departments of a secondary care hospital in Serbia, a developing country undergoing a socioeconomic transition that thus lacks sufficient funds to finance and invest in the healthcare system.

  14. [Racism of "Blood" and colonial medicine - Blood group anthropology studies at Keijo Imperial University Department of Forensic Medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Joon Young

    2012-12-01

    This paper attempts to explore implications of Colonial medicine's Blood Type Studies, concerning the characteristics and tasks of racism in the Japanese Colonial Empire. Especially, it focuses on the Blood Group Anthropology Studies at Keijo Imperial University Department of Forensic Medicine. In Colonial Korea, the main stream of Blood Type Studies were Blood Group Anthropology Studies, which place Korean people who was inferior to Japanese people in the geography of the race on the one hand, but on the other, put Koreans as a missing link between the Mongolian and the Japanese for fulfillment of the Japanese colonialism, that is, assimilationist ideology. Then, Compared to the Western medicine and Metropole medicine of Japan, How differentiated was this tendency of Colonial Medicine from them? In this paper, main issues of Blood Group Anthropology Studies and its colonial implications are examined. The Korean Society for the History of Medicine.

  15. Misconceptions on classical mechanics by freshman university students: A case study in a Physics Department in Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Stylos

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents results of an empirical research study on Newton’s laws classical mechanics and its perceptions on freshman students at the Physics Department, University of Ioannina, Greece. Results and outcome measures reveal misconceptions on students’ perceptions in consideration of the fundamental concepts in freshman Physics education. The findings showed that the students continue to have the same misconceptions on concepts, such as the students of the high school. The research indicates that the students’ misconceptions remain largely throughout secondary education, which is a proof that there is no effort, where appropriate for conceptual change, according to the constructive model of learning and teaching physics. The objective intended to be reached in this communication is to provide an exchange forum of ideas that would help instructors originate the cause, and subsequently avoid misconceptions in freshman Physics education.

  16. Graduate Education Program of Design and Integration Capability at Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Kikuo

    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University is now developing “Graduate Education Program of Design and Integration Capability” under the MEXT's scheme entitled “Initiatives for Attractive Education in Graduate Schools”. Maturation of society and life, globalization of manufacturing industry, latest demands of human's welfare have changed the meaning of design from functional ensureance to value creation. This requests graduate education of mechanical engineering to turn its definition over both synthesis and analysis and to learning and communication capabilities beyond knowledge itself. With recognizing such a background, the program aims to reform the education curriculum of mechanical engineering by introducing a product design subject which integrates design methodology education and project-based learning over industry- sponsored design problems, several graduate-level fundamental subjects, and the depth area system in which elective subjects are categorized into several areas based on their specialty. This paper describes the objectives, undertakings, promises, etc. of the program.

  17. An analysis of the implementation of problem-based learning at the Department of Energy Technology – Aalborg University

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Silva, Filipe Miguel Faria da

    2016-01-01

    Bachelor and Master degrees at Aalborg University use problem-based learning as teaching philosophy. This paper will assess some particularities of this education method, based on a statistical analysis of the grades obtained by student from the department of Energy Technology, together...... of PBL in the teaching of technical concepts. A possible area for curriculum improvement, consisting in changing the project content at the first years of bachelor, is also evaluated. The results show that the projects have consistently higher grades than courses and a lower failure rate. The students...... agree that PBL improves the learning of technical concepts and they think that the evaluation of projects could be fairer. The changes in curriculum divide opinions....

  18. [Trends of faunistic-ecological researches in the Department of Parasitology in Wrocław University].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okulewicz, Anna; Lonc, Elzbieta

    2007-01-01

    Paper deals with the results of systematic-ecological investigations of host-parasite relationships in the context of 45 year history of the Parasitological Department at the University of Wrocław. Achievements are concentrated on the presentations of new taxonomic units and rearrangement of classification of parasitic protozoans and tapeworms (J. Janiszewska), nematodes (A. Okulewicz), lice (J. Złotorzycka, E. Lonc, M. Modrzejewska). Faunistic and biometrical data of parasitic commities of fishes, birds and mammals, mainly rodents as well as the vector role of ticks and mosquitoes at Wroclaw area are also discussed. Localities of those parasites and their hosts, collected mainly from the Lower Silesia region are rearranged according to new system of physicogeographic differentiation of Poland and its regional position at biogeographical map of world.

  19. Training the novice teacher in the Pedagogy Department of Education of the University of the Andes, Tachira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mireya Vivas de Chacón

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the results of a case study whose objective was to describe the process of training first-year college teachers. The information was collected through in-depth interviews. In the context investigated, the novice teachers do not get enough institutional support in their new jobs and develop their work alone, since they do not carry on research or learn to teach alongside more-experienced teachers. The new teachers said they felt nervous, insecure, rejected, distressed, alone and disoriented. The results of this study reveal a disparity between what is demanded by the rules established for the training of new university teachers, and what actually happens in the departments. This is because training plans are not carried out, and training is considered to be the responsibility of the novice teacher. Finally, recommendations are made for the development of a training policy for new faculty members.

  20. The sky as a laboratory: an educational project of the Department of Astronomy of the University of Padova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciroi, S.; Di Mille, F.; Rafanelli, P.

    2011-06-01

    ``The Sky as a Laboratory'' is an educational project of the Department of Astronomy of the University of Padova aimed to give students a physical approach to astronomy and astrophysics. It is a regional program designed to improve science education in the last two grades of high school, by creating cooperation between scientists and teachers. Currently it is present in 30 high schools around all provinces of the region of Veneto in the North-East of Italy. The close involvement in the didactical activities of high schools teachers is without any doubt the winning strategy of the project. Their enthusiastic participation to teaching and organising activities attracts each year the attention for sciences of an increasing number of students and suggests new ideas for future educational activities.

  1. [Evaluation of preventive care in the dentistry department clinics of the University Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diouf, M; Faye, A; Cisse, D; Faye, D; Lo, C M M

    2011-01-01

    This was a cross-sectional study of 295 patients treated by dentistry students that aimed to evaluate the preventive care received by patients attending clinics of the dentistry department of the University Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar. The sociodemographic characteristics of the patients, clinic specialty, patients' brushing technique and the other preventive care was recorded. The study sample comprised 48.5% men and 76.6% adults. Over 32% of the patients were from the conservative dentistry clinic. For 52.2% of the patients, no preventive action was provided. The use of visual aids when teaching oral hygen ne was observed for 17.4% of cases. Attitudes and practices of the dentistry students in relation to care require more vigilance and emphasis on prevention.

  2. University Council for Educational Administration (UCEA) Academic Department Chairs' Self-Perceived Utilization of Bolman and Deal's Four-Frame Theoretical Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Sonya L.; Lindahl, Ronald A.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the Bolman and Deal leadership orientation preferred by academic department chairs (ADCs) of Educational Leadership or Administration programs at member colleges and universities of the University Council for Educational Administration (UCEA). A secondary purpose of the study was to examine how the preferred frame of the chairs…

  3. University Council for Educational Administration (UCEA) Academic Department Chairs' Self-Perceived Utilization of Bolman and Deal's Four-Frame Theoretical Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Sonya L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the Bolman and Deal leadership orientation preferred by academic department chairs (ADCs) of Educational Leadership or Administration programs at member colleges and universities of the University Council for Educational Administration (UCEA). A secondary purpose of the study was to examine how the…

  4. Research and Teaching Cultures in Two Contrasting UK Policy Contexts: Academic Life in Education Departments in Five English and Scottish Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deem, Rosemary; Lucas, Lisa

    2007-01-01

    The paper explores academic staff and departmental research and teaching cultures in the Education Departments of five universities in Scotland and England, countries with increasingly diverging public policies in respect of education. The relationship between research and teaching, how the purposes of universities are defined and the status of…

  5. Lessons learned from curriculum changes and setting curriculum objectives at the University of Pennsylvania's Earth and Environmental Science Department

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dmochowski, J. E.

    2009-12-01

    Recent restructuring of the University of Pennsylvania’s curriculum, including a revised multi-disciplinary Environmental Studies major and a proposed Environmental Science major has led to several changes, including a mandatory junior research seminar. Feedback from students indicates that a more structured curriculum has helped guide them through the multi-disciplinary Environmental Studies major. The addition of mandatory courses in Statistics, Geographical and Environmental Modeling, as well as Economics and Policy has ensured that students have important skills needed to succeed after graduation. We have compiled a curriculum objective matrix to clarify both the broad and focused objectives of our curriculum and how each course helps to fulfill these objectives. An important aspect of both majors is the Senior Thesis. The junior research seminar was recently revised to help students prepare for their thesis research. Topic selection, library research, data presentation, basic research methods, advisor identification, and funding options are discussed. Throughout the course, faculty from within the department lecture about their research and highlight opportunities for undergraduates. In one assignment, students are given a few types of datasets and asked to present the data and error analysis in various formats using different software (SPSS and Excel). The final paper was a research proposal outlining the student’s Senior Thesis. Based on both the university and instructor written course evaluations, students felt they benefited most from writing their senior thesis proposal; doing assignments on data analysis, library research and critical analysis; and the faculty research lectures. The lessons learned in restructuring this flexible major and providing a research seminar in the junior year may benefit other departments considering such changes.

  6. [Indications for genetic amniocentesis investigated at the Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics, and Oncologic Gynecology, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Collegium Medicum, Bydgoszcz].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadłecki, Paweł; Walentowicz-Sadłecka, Małgorzata; Pasińska, Magdalena; Adamczak, Rafał; Grabiec, Marek

    2014-06-01

    Genetic amniocentesis (GA) is the most common prenatal diagnostic test. One of the main indications for GA is maternal age of > or = 35 years. In many countries, the age indication has been replaced by an assessment of individual risk for chromosomal abnormalities, calculated on the basis of maternal age, pregnancy duration, as well as a combination of biochemical and ultrasound markers. The aim of the study was to investigate indications for and results of GA performed between 2010-2012 at the Department of Gynecology Obstetrics, and Oncologic Gynecology Nicolaus Copernicus University Collegium Medicum, Bydgoszcz. A total of 632 GA tests were performed at the Department of Gynecology Obstetrics, and Oncologic Gynecology Nicolaus Copernicus University Collegium Medicum, Bydgoszcz. Average maternal age was 34 (between 17 and 47 years), with patients or = 35 constituting 52.1% (N = 329) of the investigated group. Indications for GA as well as test results were analyzed in relation to maternal age. The result of earlier non-invasive tests were also analyzed. Abnormal ultrasound findings, combined with abnormal first-trimester screening results, were the most common indication (46.53%) for GA in patients or = 35 years. Mean time of GA was 16 gestational weeks in both groups. Abnormal karyotype was detected in 74 (11.7%) cases. 13 or any other abnormal karyotypes occurrence were observed in both age groups. GA-related complications (miscarriage/intrauterine fetal death) occurred in 9 (1.42%) cases. If performed properly GA between 15 and 20 weeks of pregnancy is a harmless procedure both, for the mother and the fetus, associated with an acceptable complication rate. Prenatal screening for the most common malformations and chromosomal aberrations should be offered to all pregnant women in Poland, regardless of their age.

  7. Application of da Vinci robotic surgery system in Department of Urology%达芬奇机器人手术在泌尿外科的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙祯; 符伟军; 祝强; 杨国强; 王忠新; 宋勇; 祖强; 王保军; 朱大庆

    2016-01-01

    目的 探索达芬奇机器人手术在泌尿外科应用的安全性和有效性.方法 回顾性分析我院2014年1月至2015年4月采用达芬奇机器人辅助腹腔镜手术治疗16例泌尿外科患者的临床资料.结果 16例手术全部成功,包括肾部分切除术3例、肾根治性切除术2例、前列腺根治性切除术6例、膀胱根治性切除及回肠膀胱术4例、膀胱根治性切除及输尿管皮肤造瘘术1例.3例肾部分切除患者、2例肾根治性切除患者、1例膀胱根治性切除及输尿管皮肤造瘘患者和6例前列腺根治性切除患者的平均手术时间及出血量相当,但4例膀胱根治性切除及回肠膀胱术患者的手术时间及出血量较多,分别为(436.3±16.8) min及(325.0±95.7) ml.所有患者的手术过程顺利,无中转开放手术、无围手术期并发症.结论 机器人手术在泌尿外科应用是安全有效的,尤其适用于狭窄盆腔手术及功能重建手术.%Objective To explore the safety and effectiveness of applying da Vinci robotic surgery system in Department of Urology. Methods The clinical data of 16 patients in the Department of Urology in our hospital from January 2014 to April 2015 using da Vinci robotic surgery system for laparoscopic surgery were retrospectively ana-lyzed. Results All of the 16 patients were operated successfully, including 3 patients of partial nephrectomy, 2 patients of radical nephrectomy, 6 patients of radical prostatectomy, 4 patients of radical cystectomy and Bricker operation, 1 pa-tient of radical cystectomy and ureterocutaneostomy. The average operation time and amount of blood loss in the 3 pa-tients with partial nephrectomy, 2 patients with radical nephrectomy, 1 patient with radical cystectomy and ureterocutane-ostomy, 6 patients with radical prostatectomy were comparable, but the operation time and amount of blood loss were more in the 4 patients of radical cystectomy and Bricker operation [(436.3 ± 16.8) min and (325

  8. Importance of E-education and E-governance: Case of Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Department of Landscape Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebahat AÇIKSÖZ

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Governance is the using of political, economical and administrative authority in all level of a country’s administration. It includes the mechanisms, processes and institutions through which citizens articulate their interests, mediate their differences and exercise their rights and obligation. At the same time, today computer aided communication is imbibed by the institutions both traditional and distant education, and it is disseminated all over the world. In this study, two important issues –electronic governance (e-governance and electronic education (e-education– are discussed on the Scenario of Zonguldak Karaelmas University (ZKU, Bartın Faculty of Forestry, Department of Landscape Architecture. In this study, three international and one national cases are examined, and they are compared with the ZKU. As a result of the study, the common problems of e-governance and e-education, their problems in Turkey and at the ZKU are determined, and the proposals for the solution of these problems are developed. As a final remark, the contributions of universities for the constitution of Knowledge Cities and the reflections of this study to the City of Bartın are emphasized.

  9. Patient journey in decompensated heart failure: An analysis in departments of cardiology and geriatrics in the Greater Paris University Hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laveau, Florent; Hammoudi, Nadjib; Berthelot, Emmanuelle; Belmin, Joël; Assayag, Patrick; Cohen, Ariel; Damy, Thibaud; Duboc, Denis; Dubourg, Olivier; Hagege, Albert; Hanon, Olivier; Isnard, Richard; Jondeau, Guillaume; Labouree, Florian; Logeart, Damien; Mansencal, Nicolas; Meune, Christophe; Pautas, Eric; Wolmark, Yves; Komajda, Michel

    2017-01-01

    Hospitalization for worsening/acute heart failure is increasing in France, and limited data are available on referral/discharge modalities. To evaluate patients' journeys before and after hospitalization for this condition. On 1 day per week, between October 2014 and February 2015, this observational study enrolled 260 consecutive patients with acute/worsening heart failure in all 10 departments of cardiology and four of the departments of geriatrics in the Greater Paris University Hospitals. First medical contact was an emergency unit in 45% of cases, a general practitioner in 16% of cases, an emergency medical ambulance in 13% of cases and a cardiologist in 13% of cases; 78% of patients were admitted directly after first medical contact. In-hospital stay was 13.2±11.3 days; intensive care unit stay (38% of the population) was 6.4±5 days. In-hospital mortality was 2.7%. Overall, 63% of patients were discharged home, whereas 21% were transferred to rehabilitation units. A post-discharge outpatient visit was made by only 72% of patients within 3 months (after a mean of 45±28 days). Only 53% of outpatient appointments were with a cardiologist. Emergency departments, ambulances and general practitioners are the main points of entry before hospitalization for acute/worsening heart failure. Home discharge occurs in two of three cases. Time to first patient post-discharge visit is delayed. Therefore, actions to improve the patient journey should target primary care physicians and emergency structures, and efforts should be made to reduce the time to the first visit after discharge. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  10. ORGANIZATION OF STUDENTS’ SELF-GUIDED WORK IN BIOMEDICAL DEPARTMENTS OF MEDICAL UNIVERSITY USING DISTANT LEARNING TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduard F. Barinov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the investigation to substantiate and analyze the practical implementation of using distance learning technologies (DLT for managing the formation of basic knowledge during students’ individual work in the Department of Histology, Cytology and Embryology, Human Anatomy and Biological Chemistry.Methods. The methods involve analysis of an individual students’ work.Results. Questionnaires showed that the use of distance learning technologies during preparation for the practical classes allows to achieve the same result for most students as in the traditional forms of preparing (without DLT, to reach a significant saving of time. Respondents note the increased meaningfulness of individual work; the appearance of motivation to study the practical material; an increase of educational efficiency on the stage of extracurricular study due to the operative removal of arising question during the consulting process; as well as satisfaction with this form of education. Under control of knowledge and skills during practical classes, the increasing of students’ performance quality was noted.Scientific novelty. Using a basic knowledge standard of medicine; regulated methodical support for individual work and the introduction of DLT in the medical and biological departments of the university provides the continuity of teaching and fundamental knowledge integration, the formation of professional competencies of students.Practical significance. The demand of theoretical subjects’ content for students of 4–6 courses and the possibility of distance access for appropriate educational resources of biomedical departments would achieve a real interdisciplinary integration and support the necessary level of basic knowledge of young specialists in relation to a specific professional activity.

  11. Preliminary results of robotic colorectal surgery at the National Cancer Institute, Cairo University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashraf Saad Zaghloul

    2016-09-01

    Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study reporting the outcomes of robotic colorectal cancer intervention in Egyptian patients. Our preliminary results suggest that robotic-assisted surgery for colorectal cancer can be carried out safely and according to oncological principles.

  12. A Systematic Review to Uncover a Universal Protocol for Accuracy Assessment of 3-Dimensional Virtually Planned Orthognathic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaber, Ramy M; Shaheen, Eman; Falter, Bart; Araya, Sebastian; Politis, Constantinus; Swennen, Gwen R J; Jacobs, Reinhilde

    2017-06-01

    The aim of this study was to systematically review methods used for assessing the accuracy of 3-dimensional virtually planned orthognathic surgery in an attempt to reach an objective assessment protocol that could be universally used. A systematic review of the currently available literature, published until September 12, 2016, was conducted using PubMed as the primary search engine. We performed secondary searches using the Cochrane Database, clinical trial registries, Google Scholar, and Embase, as well as a bibliography search. Included articles were required to have stated clearly that 3-dimensional virtual planning was used and accuracy assessment performed, along with validation of the planning and/or assessment method. Descriptive statistics and quality assessment of included articles were performed. The initial search yielded 1,461 studies. Only 7 studies were included in our review. An important variability was found regarding methods used for 1) accuracy assessment of virtually planned orthognathic surgery or 2) validation of the tools used. Included studies were of moderate quality; reviewers' agreement regarding quality was calculated to be 0.5 using the Cohen κ test. On the basis of the findings of this review, it is evident that the literature lacks consensus regarding accuracy assessment. Hence, a protocol is suggested for accuracy assessment of virtually planned orthognathic surgery with the lowest margin of error. Copyright © 2017 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Assessment of Agreement between Clinical Diagnosis and Pathologic Report in the Soft Tissue Lesions of the Patients Referring to Pathology Department of Dental School, Tehran and Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences During 2005-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Ravaei

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Agreement between clinical and pathologic diagnoses plays an important role in an appropriate treatment plan and it may also prevent serious side effects and problems in patients. This study was conducted to assess the agreement between clinical diagnoses and pathologic reports in soft tissue lesions of patients referring to pathology department of dental school, Tehran and shahid Beheshti university of medical sciences during 2005-2008. Methods: In this retrospective and descriptive study, 300 soft tissue lesions of patients referring to pathology department were selected by census sampling method and then were analyzed. The lesions were classified according to the criteria proposed by reference pathology textbooks and the data records regarding the patients age, gender and clinical and pathologic diagnoses were noted. Concordance between two diagnoses was determined by descriptive statistics. Results: In this study, pathologic findings were golden standard (definitive diagnoses. The results showed the concordance between two clinical and pathologic diagnoses were more than 0/7 except POF and pemphigus. Conclusion: The results showed that the surgeons of oral and maxillofacial surgery in dental departments of Tehran and shahid Beheshti university of medical science provided acceptable diagnoses regarding pathologic lesions during 2005-2008. However, even the slight differences between two diagnoses necessitate all patients to be evaluated clinically and paraclinically in order to propose an accurate scientific diagnosis and prevent the harmful outcomes of the disease. Furthermore most efforts must be done to make more agreements between clinical and pathological diagnoses.

  14. Study on Influential Factors of Prognosis Status in Intracranial Aneurysm Surgery Patients in the Department of Cerebral Surgery%神经外科颅内动脉瘤手术患者预后影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛华

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the influential factors of prognosis in the intracranial aneurysm surgery patients. Methods:The clinical data of sixty-five intracranial aneurysm surgery patients who were treated in the department of cerebral surgery in our hospital from June 2010 to June 2011 were collected by self-made questionnaire according to literature summary. Then the collected clinical data of patients with intracranial aneurysm surgery patients were analysed by the SPSS16.0 for descriptive statistics and binary classification logistic regression analysis to find out prognosis status and its influential factors of intracranial aneurysm surgery patients. Results:Thirty-eight intracranial aneurysm surgery patients were favorable prognosis,the good prognosis rate was 58.46%,the bad prognosis rate was 41.54%,binary classification logistic regression analysis showed that age, hypertension, Fisher ‘s classification and Hunt - Hess classification had risk factors,but treatment in time is a protective factor,but fully resection was a protective effect on intracranial aneurysm surgery patients. Conclusion:The prognosis status of intracranial aneurysm surgery patients was bad.it is affected by various factors.We take the targeted intervention measures to improve the prognosis of intracranial aneurysm surgery patients.%  目的:探讨神经外科颅内动脉瘤手术患者预后影响因素。方法:采用根据查阅颅内动脉瘤手术患者相关文献制定自编问卷收集2010年6月~2011年6月在我院神经外科住院治疗的65例颅内动脉瘤手术患者对临床资料,采用二分类Logistic回归分析对颅内动脉瘤手术患者预后影响因素。结果:在本研究入选的65例患者中,38例患者预后良好,预后良好率为58.46%,而预后不良率为41.54%,多因素Logistic回归分析发现年龄、高血压、Fisher’s分级和Hunt-Hess分级是影响颅内动脉瘤手术患者预后的危险因素。结论:颅内动脉瘤手

  15. THE TOMSK SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL OF NEUROLOGISTS. TO THE 120TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROLOGY AND NEUROSURGERY OF SIBERIAN STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Alifirova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The history of the development of the Tomsk Scientific School Neurologists and the past and current events in the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Siberian State Medical University are described. The Department of Neurology was established in 1881–1882. At a different times the department was headed by many great Russian physicians such as Michail G. Kurlov, Leonid I. Omorokov, Nikolay V. Schubin, Nikolay I. Komandenko. In addition to the academic work the department leads research in many fields of neurology, including movement disorders, cerebrovascular diseases, demyelinating and paroxysmal diseases. 

  16. Classical and Quantum Surgery of Geometries in an Open Inflationary Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, S P

    2001-01-01

    We study classically and quantum mechanically the Euclidean geometries compatible with an open inflationary universe of a Lorentzian geometry. The Lorentzian geometry of the open universe with an ordinary matter state matches either an open or a closed Euclidean geometry at the cosmological singularity. With an exotic matter state it matches only the open Euclidean geometry and describes a genuine instanton regular at the boundary of a finite radius. The wave functions are found that describe the quantum creation of the open inflationary universe.

  17. Dietary intake in the postoperative bariatric surgery at a university hospital in Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Crovesy-de-Oliveira

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: bariatric surgery is a treatment for morbid obesity that besides result in high weight loss promotes improvements in laboratory tests and in the pressure reduction. However the surgery can cause bad effects as deficiency some nutrients. This fact become more important evaluates the adequacy of dietary intake of these patients. The objective this study was evaluates the adequacy dietetic of patients after bariatric surgery.Material and methods: we select forty women who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric and carried evaluation anthropometric and dietetic. The dietary evaluate was compared with the daily consumption requirement and food pyramid for these patients.Results: forty women with 43.1 ± 9.96 years, obesity and very high risk for metabolic complications associate with obesity, and with acceptation of supplementation (95% participated this study. The majority of women consumed group’s foods “high-calorie foods, fats and sweets are energy-dense foods” and showed high intake of foods groups “grains and cereals” and “high-fiber, low-calorie foods”. Dietary intake was low-calorie (1342.50 ± 474.06 Kcal, adequate in protein (22.10 ± 6.94%, carbohydrate (50.74 ± 10.96%, lipid (26.14 ± 7.17%, saturated fatty acids (8.69 ± 2.74% and polyunsaturated fatty acids (8.93 ± 3.51% and low-monounsaturated fatty acids (4.13 ± 1.78% and fibers (17.02 ± 10.64 g.Conclusions: nutritional habits of women showed inadequacy, these results reinforce the importance of nutritional accompanying in the late postoperative bariatric surgery.

  18. Use of resources and costs associated with the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture at an orthopedics and traumatology surgery department in Denia (Spain): collagenase clostridium hystolyticum versus subtotal fasciectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanjuan Cerveró, Rafael; Franco Ferrando, Nuria; Poquet Jornet, Jaime

    2013-10-14

    Our purpose was to analyze and compare the use of direct health resources and costs generated in the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture using two different techniques: subtotal fasciectomy and infiltration with Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum (CCH) in regular clinical practice at the Orthopedic and Traumatology Surgery (OTS) Department at the Hospital de Denia (Spain). Observational, retrospective study based on data from the computerized clinical histories of two groups of patients- those treated surgically using a one or two digit subtotal fasciectomy technique (FSC) and those treated with CCH infiltration, monitored in regular clinical practice from February, 2009 to May, 2012. Demographic (age, sex), clinical (number of digits affected and which ones) and use of resources (hospitalizations, medical visits, tests and drugs) data were collected. Resource use and associated costs, according to the hospital's accounting department, were compared based on the type of treatment from Spain's National Health Service. 91 patients (48 (52.8%) in the FSC group) were identified. The average age and number of digits affected was 65.9 (9.2) years and 1.33 (0.48) digits affected in the FSC group, and 65.1 (9.7) years and 1.16 (0.4) digits in the CCH group.Overall, the costs of treating Dupuytren's disease with subtotal FSC amount to €1,814 for major ambulatory surgery and €1,961 with hospital stay including admission, surgical intervention (€904), examinations, dressings and physiotherapy. As to collagenase infiltration, costs amount to €952 (including minor surgery admission, vial with product, office examination and dressings). Finally, comparing total costs for treatments, a savings of €388 is estimated in favor of CCH treatment in the best-case scenario (patient under MAS system with no need for physiotherapy) and €1,008 in the worst-case scenario (patient admitted to hospital needing subsequent physiotherapy), implying a savings of 29% and 51

  19. FACIAL FRACTURES AND RELATED INJURIES IN DEPARTMENT OF MAXILLO-FACIAL SURGERY, UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL ‘ST. ANNA’, SOFIA, BULGARIA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elitsa G. Deliverska

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Maxillofacial fractures often occur with serious concomitant injury in trauma patients, and knowledge of the type and severity of associated injuries can assist in rapid assessment and treatment. The objective was to identify the most commonly occurring injuries associated with facial fractures in severely injured trauma patients.

  20. [Introduction of a quality management system compliant with DIN EN 9001:2000 in a university department of nuclear medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen-Schmidt, V; Paschen, U; Kröger, S; Bohuslavizki, K H; Clausen, M

    2001-12-01

    In 1995, the management of the University Clinic Hamburg-Eppendorf proposed to establish a total quality assurance (QA) system. A revised QA-system has been introduced stepwise in the department of nuclear medicine since 1997, and certification was achieved in accordance with DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 on February 14, 2001. The QA-handbook is divided into two parts. The first part contains operational (diagnostic and therapeutic) procedures in so-called standard operating procedures (SOP). They describe the indication of procedures as well as the competences and time necessary in a standardized manner. Up to now, more than 70 SOPs have been written as a collaborative approach between technicians and physicians during daily clinical routine after analysing and discussing the procedures. Thus, the results were more clearly defined processes and more satisfied employees. The second part consists of general rules and directions concerning the security of work and equipment as well as radiation protection tasks, hygiene etc. as it is required by the law. This part was written predominantly by the management of the department of nuclear-medicine and the QA-coordinator. Detailed information for the patients, documentation of the work-flows as well as the medical report was adopted to the QM-system. Although in the introduction phase of a QA-system a vast amount of time is necessary, some months later a surplus for the clinical workday will become available. The well defined relations of competences and procedures will result in a gain of time, a reduction of costs and a help to ensure the legal demands. Last but not least, the QA-system simply helps to build up confidence and acceptance both by the patients and the referring physicians.

  1. Engaging youth in food activism in New York City: lessons learned from a youth organization, health department, and university partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsui, Emma; Bylander, Kim; Cho, Milyoung; Maybank, Aletha; Freudenberg, Nicholas

    2012-10-01

    Research indicates that insufficient emphasis on community collaboration and partnership can thwart innovative community-driven work on the social determinants of health by local health departments. Appreciating the importance of enhancing community participation, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) helped lead the development of the Health Equity Project (HEP), an intervention aimed at increasing the capacity of urban youth to identify and take action to reduce food-related health disparities. DOHMH partnered with the City University of New York School of Public Health and several local youth organizations to design and implement the intervention. HEP was conducted with 373 young people in 17 cohorts at 14 unique sites: six in Brooklyn, six in the Bronx, and two in Harlem. Partnered youth organizations hosted three stages of work: interactive workshops on neighborhood health disparities, food environments, and health outcomes; food-focused research projects conducted by youth; and small-scale action projects designed to change local food environments. Through these activities, HEP appears to have been successful in introducing youth to the social, economic, and political factors that shape food environments and to the influence of food on health outcomes. The intervention was also somewhat successful in providing youth with community-based participatory research skills and engaging them in documenting and then acting to change their neighborhood food environments. In the short term, we are unable to assess how successful HEP has been in building young leaders who will continue to engage in this kind of activism, but we suspect that more extended interactions would be needed to achieve this more ambitious goal. Experiences at these sites suggest that youth organizations with a demonstrated capacity to engage youth in community service or activism and a commitment to improving food or other health-promoting community resources make the

  2. Colleagues as Change Agents: How Department Networks and Opinion Leaders Influence Teaching at a Single Research University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, T C; Conaway, E P; Zhao, J; Dolan, E L

    2016-01-01

    Relationships with colleagues have the potential to be a source of support for faculty to make meaningful change in how they teach, but the impact of these relationships is poorly understood. We used a mixed-methods approach to investigate the characteristics of faculty who provide colleagues with teaching resources and facilitate change in teaching, how faculty influence one another. Our exploratory investigation was informed by social network theory and research on the impact of opinion leaders within organizations. We used surveys and interviews to examine collegial interactions about undergraduate teaching in life sciences departments at one research university. Each department included discipline-based education researchers (DBERs). Quantitative and qualitative analyses indicate that DBERs promote changes in teaching to a greater degree than other departmental colleagues. The influence of DBERs derives, at least partly, from a perception that they have unique professional expertise in education. DBERs facilitated change through coteaching, offering ready and approachable access to education research, and providing teaching training and mentoring. Faculty who had participated in a team based-teaching professional development program were also credited with providing more support for teaching than nonparticipants. Further research will be necessary to determine whether these results generalize beyond the studied institution. © 2016 T. C. Andrews et al. CBE—Life Sciences Education © 2016 The American Society for Cell Biology. This article is distributed by The American Society for Cell Biology under license from the author(s). It is available to the public under an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported Creative Commons License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0).

  3. Accounting and comparing of expenditure on the medical services given at neuro-surgery department of Imam Khomeyni Hospital in the year of 1994 (1373

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abasi Moghadam M

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was focused on analysis of expenditure on all the medical services given at Neuro-Surgery Department of Imam-Khomeini Hospital in the year of 1994 (1373. In this study, all the information on descriptive method and the techniques of cost analysis and cost per unit of service provided accountancy, were analysed. 573 patients were considered in this study. 522 of them underwent 13 different types of neuro-surgery operations. 92.6% of them total departmental costs were related to current expenditures and 7.4% of that was related to the capial expenditures. The personnel costs with 49% was the highest portion of the total costs. Percentage wise, the costs were as follows: Medicine, materials and equipment 22%, food 17.6%, depreciation 7.4%, fuel, water, electricity and telephone 3.5%. The mean duration of stay was 16.3 days for every in-patient. The percentage of occupied bed was 58% if the percentage of desired bed occupancy was supposed 80%, therefore, 22% of the bed, plus 3512 bed-day were gone wasted. The real cost of med-care policy need to be more rational for the operation and hospitalization. It should be mentioned that the wasted time was 886 hours and wasted cost was 71, 708, 410 Rials in operation room.

  4. Outbreak of nosocomial infections in thoracic surgery department: a survey report%胸外科手术部医院感染暴发事件调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宇红; 刘丹

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过对某医院胸外科病房手术部铜绿假单胞菌医院感染暴发事件调查分析,明确手术部医院感染暴发调查的思路,发现手术部医院感染调查中的问题,提高医院感染暴发的识别、调查、报告和应急处理能力.方法 应用描述流行病学原理,对胸外科在2010年发现的6例铜绿假单胞菌手术部位感染患者现场调查,对手术部铜绿假单胞菌医院感染因素查阅文献,列表分析,观察表格特征,提出该次铜绿假单胞菌感染暴发危险因素,同时采取接触隔离等一系列预防控制措施;运用分析流行病学原理,对感染病例进行病例对照分析,评估假设;依照试验流行病学原理,对采取控制措施前后效果进行前瞻性队列研究,验证控制措施的有效性.结果 胸科手术部铜绿假单胞菌感染发生在感染后约两周,手术方式、吻合口瘘、手术部感染等并发症、手卫生与环境卫生不严格是感染的主要危险因素;提高手术技巧,加强手卫生、接触隔离等消毒隔离措施可使食管癌根治术后手术部感染率明显下降,但肺癌根治术后感染率变化不显著.结论 医院感染暴发事件中应用流行病学方法不仅科学可靠,增强科室医务人员消毒、隔离意识,而且能比较及时准确控制、有效预防医院感染的发生;肺癌根治术后肺炎发生的危险因素需要进一步调查,医院感染工作人员要加强医院感染病例监测制度的落实.%OBJECTIVE To make clear about the hospital infection outbreak survey way, enhance the abilities of hospital infection outbreak recognition, investigation, report and emergency handling through investigation and analysis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa hospital outbreak in the department of surgery on a thoracic ward. METHODS Applied to describe epidemiological principle of thoracic in 2010, 6 patients found P. aeruginosa patients surgical site infection of field investigation, the

  5. Admissions for drug-related problems at the Emergency Department of a University Hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mastour S Alghamdy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Medication Errors can result in drug-related problems (DRPs. Insight into the frequency, type, and severity of DRPs could help reduce their incidence. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of admissions as a result of DRPs at the Emergency Department (ED of a university hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Files of suspected cases of DRPs reporting to ED in the year 2012 were scrutinized. Suspicion arose from the hospital record system based on Diagnosis Code Numbers (ICD-9-CM, Professional 2010 and from triggers, such as some drugs, laboratory tests, and signs and symptoms pointing to DRPs. Results: Of 5574 admissions, 253 (4.5% were DRPs and were categorized as: Overdose toxicity and side effects of drugs 50 (19.8%, drug-interactions 29 (11.5%, accidental and suicidal drug ingestions 26 (10.3%, drug abuse 18 (7.1%, drug allergy 10 (4%, super-infections 8 (3.2%, and noncompliance to treatment 112 (44.3%. About 70% of DRPs were preventable; 67 (26.5% required hospital admission for 7-102 days and 10 (4% died. Conclusions: Noncompliance to treatment, overdose toxicity, drug interactions, and drug abuse are important causes of hospital admissions as a result of DRPs. Awareness of prescribers to the problem and their education would help to prevent them and improve patient care.

  6. Environmental Assessment for US Department of Energy support of an Iowa State University Linear Accelerator Facility at Ames, Iowa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-05-01

    The proposed Department of Energy (DOE) action is financial and technical support of construction and initial operation of an agricultural commodity irradiator (principally for meat), employing a dual mode electron beam generator capable of producing x-rays, at the Iowa State University Linear Accelerator located at Ames, Iowa. The planned pilot commercial-scale facility would be used for the following activities: conducting irradiation research on agricultural commodities, principally meats; in the future, after the pilot phase, as schedules permit, possibly conducting research on other, non-edible materials; evaluating effects of irradiation on nutritional and sensory quality of agricultural products; demonstrating the efficiency of the process to control or eliminate pathogens, and/or to prolong the commodities' post-harvest shelf-life via control or elimination of bacteria, fungi, and/or insects; providing information to the public on the benefits, safety and risks of irradiated agricultural commodities; determining consumer acceptability of the irradiated products; providing data for use by regulatory agencies in developing protocols for various treatments of Iowa agricultural commodities; and training operators, maintenance and quality control technicians, scientists, engineers, and staff of regulatory agencies in agricultural commodity irradiation technology. 14 refs., 5 figs.

  7. Sex reassignment surgery for male to female transsexuals: initial experience in Okayama university hospital.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagai,Atsushi

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available

    The first case of sex reassignment surgery (SRS in our hospital was performed in January 2001; as of February, 2005, 4 cases of MTF-SRS had been performed. In the 2 most recent cases, we used penile and scrotal skin flaps to avoid complications. The depth and width of the new vagina was made to be adequate for sexual intercourse. Future attention should be focused on devising a surgical technique that will help prevent the complications of partial necrosis of the epidermal skin and wound dehiscence. Although ours is only an initial experience, we describe our surgical technique herein.

  8. Students' Satisfaction Levels of Turkish Teaching Program and Services Provided in This Program in Turkish Teaching Department at Cukurova University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kara, Ömer Tugrul

    2017-01-01

    Today, the perceptions and expectations of university students about the programs they attend are important when the aims of the universities are considered. In this sense, it is necessary for all the universities in Turkey to develop some plans by determining certain priorities which will satisfy university students and also take their…

  9. [Basic standards for a department of cardiac surgery. Quality requirements for the care of cardiac patients in connection with operations on the heart, the heart vessels and thoracic organ transplantation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckmann, Andreas; Beyersdorf, F; Diegeler, A; Mohr, F W; Welz, A; Rein, J-G; Cremer, J

    2013-12-01

    Current evolutions and substantial amendments of the German health care system in combination with distinguished progress in cardiac surgery over the past years require both a reflection of principles in patient-centered care and an update of basic standard requirements for a department of cardiac surgery in Germany. In due consideration of the data from the voluntary registry of the German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, this article accurately defines core requirements for a cardiac surgical department (cardiac surgery on-site), subdivided into facilities, staff and processes. If based on these standards, one may anticipate that cardiac surgical care is performed under appropriate conditions leading to an intrinsic benefit for patients.

  10. History of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Columbia University: A Century at the Vanguard of Clinical Care, Education, and Innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argenziano, Michael; Smith, Craig R; Spotnitz, Henry M; Steinglass, Kenneth M; Bacha, Emile

    2016-01-01

    The Columbia University Cardiothoracic Surgery Program dates back to the earliest days of the specialty itself, when the first pioneers ventured into the chest, and eventually the heart, to treat diseases previously believed to be beyond the reach of medicine. This spirit of innovation, creativity, and vision has grown over the ensuing century and has driven the development of advances that have defined the specialty and saved countless lives. From novel techniques for the repair of complex congenital cardiac defects and acquired cardiovascular diseases, to comprehensive management of lung and esophageal maladies, and to the marvel of minimally invasive and percutaneous interventions, the march of progress has never been stronger, more dramatic, or more consequential that it is at Columbia today. Fueled by people who -- as descendants of those early pioneers -- have been raised in the "Columbia culture," the commitment to innovation and education has never been greater. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  11. Urological laparoscopic surgery: Our experience of first 100 cases in Dicle University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Ali Sancaktutar

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: In this study the experience and results of first100 laparoscopic surgery is presented.Materials and methods: The laparoscopic surgical operationswere reviewed between July 2010 and October 2011,retrospectively.Results: During a year period we performed of 100 laparoscopicinterventions. The ratio of male to female and themean age was 57/43 and 48,65±8,94 years respectively.The kind of operation and total numbers were like this: simplenephrectomy 34, radical nephrektomy 22, renal cyst excision21, orchiectomy 7, ureterolitotomy 4, adrenalectomy 4,orchiopexy 3, pyeloplasti 2, nefroureterectomy+cystectomy1, nefroureterectomy+partial cystectomy 1 nefroureterectomy1 patient.Transperitoneal approach was used for 91 patients whileretroperitoneal approach was used to 9 patients. The operationwas completed by open surgical interventions foronly 6 of 100 patients. The reason for open proceduresduring laparoscopy was not reaching to renal pedicles forthree patients, adhesions to pararenal tissue and colonfor 2 patients and splenic artery injury for 1 patient. Threepatients needed blood transfusions. Except these patientsthere wasn’t any complications and mortalities. When performingright nephrectomy and adrenalectomy the fourthport was used to ecartate liver. Except these cases in alloperations 3 ports was used. The mean hospitalizationstay was 1,7(1-8 days. The operation times of mostlyperformed operations were like these minute (interval:simple nephrectomy 95 (70-135, radical nephrectomy 148(125-190, renal cyst excision 45 (20-80, orchiectomy 41(30-45, ureterolithotomy 104 (95-135, orchiopexy 85 (80-100, adrenalectomy 148 (110-180, pyeloplasty 170 (160-180 nefroureterectomy 150 minutes.Conclusions: The results, success and complication ratesof laparoscopic operations which are performed in our clinicswere found as similar to literature. The laparoscopicsurgery is alternative to open surgery that it can be usedsafely and effectively. J Clin

  12. Cortisol levels and sleep patterns in infants with orofacial clefts undergoing surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Mueller AA; Kalak N; Schwenzer-Zimmerer K; Holsboer-Trachsler E; Br; De, S.

    2014-01-01

    Andreas A Mueller,1,2 Nadeem Kalak,3 Katja Schwenzer-Zimmerer,1,2 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,3 Serge Brand3,4 1Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, University of Basel and University Hospital of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 2Hightech Research Center of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 3Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress, and Sleep Disorders, Basel, Switzerland; 4Department of Sport and Health Science, Division of Sport Scienc...

  13. How University Student-Teachers for Primary School Learn about Department of Education Policy on Child Sexual Abuse, and Mandatory Reporting: The Sources of Their Professional Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Juliette D. G.; Grimbeek, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Many regional and local Departments of Education in many countries now require their primary school teachers to be mandatory reporters of child sexual abuse. However, many student-teachers are not provided with courses on child protection and its policy requirements during their pre-service university education. So, how do student-teachers source,…

  14. A Citation Analysis of Master's Level English Theses Submitted to the Department of English-Kent State University, 1985-1995.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slutz, Mark J.

    This paper is a citation analysis of 16 Master's theses which were submitted to the Department of English-Kent State University from 1985 to 1995. Each citation from the 16 theses was analyzed along the following criteria: gender of citation author; format of citation (book, article within book, journal article, thesis, dissertation); nature of…

  15. Assessment of microbiological monitoring for the evaluation of GMP-compliance at a department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging of the University Medical Center Groningen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beugeling, M.; Ekoume, F.; Woerdenbag, H.J.; Luurtsema, G.; Lub-de Hooge, M.N.; Touw, D.J.; Rubow, S.M.; Boersma, H.H.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of our study was to assess trends and deviations from microbiological monitoring in De cleanroom facilities at the department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging of the University Medical Center Groningen over the past five years. This was done to evaluate the status of

  16. Attitudes towards Facebook and the Use of Knowledge and Skills among Students in the English Department at the University of Hail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salameh, Zakariya

    2017-01-01

    This research aims at investigating students' attitudes towards knowledge and skills in the web page of Facebook among students in the English department at the University of Hail. Social network sites such as Facebook has a significant effect on students' life. Facebook has a potential of supplementing students education with a secondary source…

  17. [Kingella kingae ostemyelitis and septic arthritis in paediatric patients. Six cases from the Department of Pediatrics, National University Hospital of Iceland.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birgisson, H; Steingrímsson, O; Guðnason, T

    2000-01-01

    Kingella kingae (K. kingae) is a gram negative rod most often associated with septic arthritis and osteomyelitis in children. Infections caused by K. kingae had not been reported in Iceland when six cases were diagnosed at the Pediatric Department at the National University Hospital of Iceland. In this report we describe those cases and review the literature.

  18. Self Assessment in Higher Education: An Empirical Evidence from the Department of Business Administration of Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islam, Nazrul; Chowdhury, Mohmmad Ashraful Ferdous

    2015-01-01

    The paper aimed to explore the self assessment practices in higher education in Bangladesh with special reference to Department of Business Administration of Shahjalal University of Science and Technology. For self assessment purpose the researchers have collected opinion from students, alumni, employer and faculty members on eight areas. In…

  19. Assessment of microbiological monitoring for the evaluation of GMP-compliance at a department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging of the University Medical Center Groningen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beugeling, M.; Ekoume, F.; Woerdenbag, H.J.; Luurtsema, G.; Lub-de Hooge, M.N.; Touw, D.J.; Rubow, S.M.; Boersma, H.H.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of our study was to assess trends and deviations from microbiological monitoring in De cleanroom facilities at the department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging of the University Medical Center Groningen over the past five years. This was done to evaluate the status of

  20. Obstacles Faced by Heads of Departments and Faculty Members in the Jordanian Public Universities in the Implementation of Vocational and Technical Education Programs from Their Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammad, Heba Ibraheem; Airout, Mostafa Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to find out the obstacles faced by heads of departments and faculty members at Jordanian public universities in the implementation of vocational and technical education programs from their perspective, and to find out the effect of gender, experience, and academic rank on their perspective. To achieve the aim of the…

  1. Translational research in thoracic surgery-the National Taiwan University Hospital experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Mong-Wei; Yang, Pei-Wen; Lee, Jang-Ming

    2016-08-01

    Thoracic surgeons should be more aware of the latest information about histopathological, genetic and epigenetic alterations that may influence treatment policy and patient outcome in the biomolecular era. Translational research studies often produce a promising diagnostic tool or new treatment that can be used clinically. The results of these translational studies may even change the practical guidelines and current staging system in thoracic malignancies. The following article summarizes the experiences of translational research in esophageal cancer and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) at National Taiwan University Hospital in Taiwan.

  2. 肝胆外科住院患者抗菌药物应用分析%Use of antibiotics among hospitalized patients of hepatobiliary surgery department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪卫; 李晓娜; 张天伟

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the rationality of use of antibiotics among the hospitalized patients of hepato‐biliary surgery department so as to provide guidance for the reasonable clinical use of antibiotics .METHODS The clinical data of 260 patients who were hospitalized the hepatobiliary surgery department from Jan 2010 to Oct 2013 were retrospectively analyzed ,and the rationality of use of antibiotics was observed .RESULTS Of the 260 pa‐tients ,242 cases used antibiotics ,with the utilization rate of antibiotics of 93 .08% .Among the 242 patients who used antibiotics ,about 8 categories ,22 types of antibiotics ,were involved ;the cephalosporins ,penicillins ,quino‐lones ,and imidazole nitrates were the most frequently used antibiotics ;the combination use of antibiotics was widespread ,there were 78 (32 .23% ) patients receiving two‐drug therapy ,67 (27 .69% ) patients receiving three‐drug therapy ,and 53 (21 .90% ) patients receiving more than three‐drug therapy ;the metronidazole plus cephalo‐sporins plus quinolones or aminoglycosides was the most frequently used three‐drug therapy .Only 43 of 260 pa‐tients underwent the detection of pathogens ,with the submission rate of 16 .54% .CONCLUSION The use of anti‐biotics among the hospitalized patients of hepatobiliary surgery department basically conforms to the principle of effectiveness and safety ,however ,unreasonable use of antibiotics remains among the minority of the patients , which should be paid high attention to .%目的:了解肝胆外科住院患者的抗菌药物应用及其合理性,为临床合理使用抗菌药物提供参考依据。方法回顾性分析医院2010年1月-2013年10月收治的260例肝胆外科住院患者临床资料,调查其抗菌药物的应用并分析其用药合理性。结果260例患者中有242例使用了抗菌药物,抗菌药物的使用率达93.08%;242例用药患者中所涉及的抗菌药物约8大类、22个品种;使用最多

  3. The Medical Records Data Focused by the Clinical Doctors of Chest Surgery Department%胸外科临床医师关注的病案数据

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓星; 王洋; 李辉

    2016-01-01

    胸外科临床疾病主要分类为良性、恶性,有其特定的临床表现及体征,且多数需要手术干预,不论是传统的手术方式或微创手术方式,都有特征性的基本规律.在依法执业中的医疗行为均会通过病案被记录下来,必然会产生大量的诊疗信息和诊疗数据.而胸外科医师最为关注的病案数据主要包括病史、病理、手术方式、治疗方案、高证据力的辅助检查、心肺功能、伴随疾病、治疗效果、综合医疗风险评估.病案书写、病案信息的质量不仅会影响临床实践、临床教学、临床科研数据的精准性、完整性,还会影响到产生课题及文章中的数据应用的科学性、逻辑性、真实性,最终影响到病例积累行成的数据库质量.做为胸外科各级医师,务必加以重视,写好每份临床病案.%The main classification of clinical diseases of chest surgery department included benign and malignant, which had their certain clinical symptoms and signs, and most of them needed operation intervention. Both the traditional or minimally invasive operation modes, both of them had their characteristic basic rules. All the medical behaviors in the lawful practice progress would be recorded by the medical records, and it would be certainly generated lots of information and data of treatment. But the medical records data mostly focused by the doctors of chest surgery department mainly included medical history, pathology, surgical procedure, treatment, high probative value of auxiliary examination, cardiopulmonary function, along with the disease, treatment effect and comprehensive health risk assessment. The quality of medical records writing and the information would not only influence the precision and completeness of clinical practice, clinical teaching and clinical research data, but also would effect the scientific, logical and authenticity of the data application of the topic and article, and finally would

  4. Testicular torsion based on material from the Department of Paediatric Surgery, Urology and Traumatology at Wladyslaw Buszkowski Children’s Hospital in Kielce during 2008–2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Sławek

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Among the causes of acute scrotum syndrome, testicular torsion undoubtedly causes the most serious consequences. The remaining aetiological factors are torsion of the testicular appendages and of the epididymis, epididymo-orchitis, testicular injury, incarcerated inguinal hernia, acute testicular hydrocele and idiopathic scrotal oedema. Torsion of the testis occurs as a result of a twisting of the testis around the vertical axis. This leads to venous occlusion and subsequently to arterial occlusion with ischaemia and necrosis of the gonad. Aim of the research: Determination of the possibilities of saving the testicle after torsion of the gonad. Material and methods: S ixty-eight cases of testicular torsion were analysed in boys aged 0–18 years who were treated during the period 2008–2013 in the Department of Paediatric Surgery, Urology and Traumatology in Kielce. The evaluation determined whether or not the gonad could be saved. The degree of macroscopically evident testicular necrosis was determined and the decision made concerning the saving or resecting the gonad. Further development of the saved testicle was monitored ambulatorily. Results: In 39 patients the testicle was removed due to necrosis, while in the remaining cases the gonad was saved. Torsion of the left testicle was more frequently observed. The symptoms of the torsion were: testicle pain, nausea and vomiting and, more rarely, abdominal pain. The symptoms occurred from 2 h to several days before reporting to hospital. Emergency surgery was performed. After the surgery ultrasonographic control covered the assessment of blood flow, echostructure and dimensions of the saved gonad (due to the possibility of atrophy after torsion. Conclusions: A patient who reports pain in the scrotal region should be approached as an emergency case, requiring immediate diagnostics and, very often, emergency surgical management. USG examination with the assessment of

  5. [Systematic Readability Analysis of Medical Texts on Websites of German University Clinics for General and Abdominal Surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esfahani, B Janghorban; Faron, A; Roth, K S; Grimminger, P P; Luers, J C

    2016-12-01

    Background: Besides the function as one of the main contact points, websites of hospitals serve as medical information portals. As medical information texts should be understood by any patients independent of the literacy skills and educational level, online texts should have an appropriate structure to ease understandability. Materials and Methods: Patient information texts on websites of clinics for general surgery at German university hospitals (n = 36) were systematically analysed. For 9 different surgical topics representative medical information texts were extracted from each website. Using common readability tools and 5 different readability indices the texts were analysed concerning their readability and structure. The analysis was furthermore stratified in relation to geographical regions in Germany. Results: For the definite analysis the texts of 196 internet websites could be used. On average the texts consisted of 25 sentences and 368 words. The reading analysis tools congruously showed that all texts showed a rather low readability demanding a high literacy level from the readers. Conclusion: Patient information texts on German university hospital websites are difficult to understand for most patients. To fulfill the ambition of informing the general population in an adequate way about medical issues, a revision of most medical texts on websites of German surgical hospitals is recommended.

  6. Characteristics of maxillofacial injuries resulting from road traffic accidents – a 5 year review of the case records from Department of Maxillofacial Surgery in Katowice, Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drugacz Jan

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In spite of employing numerous devices improving the safety in motor vehicles, traffic accidents are still among the main reasons of maxillofacial injuries. The maxillofacial injuries remain the serious clinical problem because of the specificity of this anatomical region. The knowledge of etiologic factors and mechanisms of injuries can be helpful in a satisfactory trauma prevention. The aim of this study was to find out the incidence and the pattern of maxillofacial injuries resulting from traffic accidents in the patients treated in the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery (Silesian Medical Academy in Katowice, Poland from January 2001 to December 2005. Methods The material consisted of 1024 case records of patients with maxillofacial injuries treated in the Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Silesian Medical Academy. The detailed analysis was carried out on the case records of 198 patients in the age of 3 to 68 with maxillofacial injuries resulting from traffic accidents. On the basis of data from a history, examination on admission, consultations and radiological examinations, patients' age and gender, we obtained the information on a pattern of injury and detailed description of an accident (the date and the time of an accident, the role of the patient in an accident. Results The traffic accidents were the cause of 19,93% maxillofacial injuries in the analyzed period of time. Most of the patients had injuries to the soft tissues of the face (22,21%, followed by tooth and alveolar process injuries (20,71% and mandibular fractures (18,69%. All the types of injuries were more common in men than in women. The majority of the patients were car drivers followed by car passengers, pedestrians, cyclists and motor cyclists. The peak age of the patients was between 18 to 25 years. The prevalent number of accidents resulting in injuries to this region took place in spring, especially between noon and 4 PM. Conclusion Our results

  7. 4. Primary Malignant Bone Tumours at the University Teaching ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    46987.2

    1Orthopaedic Unit Department of Surgery, University Teaching Hospital, ... osteosarcoma, followed, in descending order, by multiple myeloma 42 (27.6%), chondrosarcoma 11 (7.2%),. Ewing's sarcoma 8 (5.3%), fibrosarcoma 3 (2.0%) and.

  8. Mentoring and coaching in promoting publications in the Department of Physiotherapy at a local university in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.M. Frantz

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available A  growing  shift  towards  research  and  evidence  based  practice  in academia  is  associated  with  requirements  to  disseminate  research  results  in  the  form of publication in peer reviewed journals.  Mentoring has been identified as an important component of developing young authors, as it increases confidence and competence, and facilitates professional development. This led to the formation of a support group to stimulate peer-review publication in the physiotherapy department at  the  University  of  the  Western  Cape.  The  Kirkpatrick  Framework  of  Evaluation  was  used  to  evaluate  the  success  of  the  mentoring  process  which  made  use  of  a  participatory  action  research  methodology. The  writing  group  consisted  of  nine  academic members of staff and took place over ten weeks.  The programme included writing, giving feedback, discussion and peer review on a weekly basis.  Focus group discussions were taped and transcribed in order to evaluate the mentoring process  by  identifying  relationships  within  the  data  and  categorising  key  concepts,  which were shaped into a thematic framework.  The findings indicated that participants experienced a variety of emotions throughout the programme, with an overall feeling of personal growth by the end. In addition, participants also reported improved writing, reviewing and communication skills.  Six months following the programme, six participants had submitted at least one article to a peer reviewed journal.  It is clear from this study that some academics still find the task of writing and reviewing articles daunting, and that guidance and support in the form of a writing programme can be useful.

  9. 浅谈肝胆外科专业进修医师带教%Experience of Teaching Advanced-study Doctors in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨美华; 岳海燕; 张宝华

    2012-01-01

    To discuss the clinical teaching experience for advanced - study doctors in department of Hepatobiliary surgery as the following ; to make understand of students fully; to strengthen pre - job training; to strengthen basic skill training; to carry out problem based learning and evidence - based medicine practice, to train good medical ethics and improve doctor - patient communication ability, to strengthen the assessment and management strictly.%探讨肝胆外科专科医院进修生的临床带教经验.结合长期的进修生培养工作,就教学医院进修生培养总结归纳以下经验:充分了解进修生的特点;加强岗前培训;加强三基培养;开展问题式教学,进行循证医学实践;培养良好的医德医风,提高医患沟通能力;加强考核,严格管理.

  10. University Adult Education in Independent Zambia: The Role of a Department of Extra-Mural Studies in National Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okafor, Clement Abiazem

    1971-01-01

    Like other African countries, Zambia's most pragmatic approach to national development must lie in adult education. The University of Zambia is one agency involved toward this goal and its emphasis is on rapid expansion of university-type education and the training of adult educators. (Author/JB)

  11. Short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery vs open surgery for transverse colon cancer: a retrospective multicenter study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim JW

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Jong Wan Kim,1 Jeong Yeon Kim,1 Byung Mo Kang,2 Bong Hwa Lee,3 Byung Chun Kim,4 Jun Ho Park5 1Department of Surgery, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Hwaseong Si, 2Department of Surgery, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon Si, 3Department of Surgery, Hallym Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Anyang Si, 4Department of Surgery, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, 5Department of Surgery, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Republic of Korea Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to compare the perioperative and oncologic outcomes between laparoscopic surgery and open surgery for transverse colon cancer.Patients and methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients who underwent surgery for transverse colon cancer at six Hallym University-affiliated hospitals between January 2005 and June 2015. The perioperative outcomes and oncologic outcomes were compared between laparoscopic and open surgery.Results: Of 226 patients with transverse colon cancer, 103 underwent laparoscopic surgery and 123 underwent open surgery. There were no differences in the patient characteristics between the two groups. Regarding perioperative outcomes, the operation time was significantly longer in the laparoscopic group than in the open group (267.3 vs 172.7 minutes, P<0.001, but the time to soft food intake (6.0 vs 6.6 days, P=0.036 and the postoperative hospital stay (13.7 vs 15.7 days, P=0.018 were shorter in the laparoscopic group. The number of harvested lymph nodes was lower in the laparoscopic group than in the open group (20.3 vs 24.3, P<0.001. The 5-year overall survival (90.8% vs 88.6%, P=0.540 and disease-free survival (86.1% vs 78.9%, P=0.201 rates were similar in both groups.Conclusion: The present study showed that laparoscopic surgery is associated

  12. Induced astigmatism after cataract surgery - a retrospective analysis of cases from the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. O. Adio

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Visual rehabilitation after cataract surgery may often be disappointing due to induction of corneal astigmatism following issues in realigning, point to point, the corneal wound margin in the process of surgery despite biometry and use of the appropriateintraocular lens. The purpose of this study is to determine the amount of surgically induced astigmatism after sutured cataract extraction-extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE and intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE and intraocular lens (IOLimplantation in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Folders of all cataract patients operated on in the eye theatre of the aforenamed tertiary facility between2002 and 2006 were considered.  Relevant patient details and intraoperative and postoperative management were examined and reported upon. One hundred and fourteen eyes (114 of one hundred patients who had cataract surgeries done within the five-year period of this study were examined. ECCE + IOL implantation were examined in the period under review. The post-operative refraction objectively and subjectively was retrieved from the records of each patient. The post-operative cylinderpower (total astigmatism was recorded.Of 114 eyes, only 83 eyes (72.8% had refraction results postoperatively due to loss of fol-low-up. The total number with astigmatism was 57(68.7%. Forty-two had against-the-rule (73.7%, twelve (21.1% with-the-rule, while five (0.09% were oblique. The mean post-operative astigmatism was 1.85 D. The surgically induced corneal astigmatism was highest with ECCE with PCIOL. Astigmatism less than 2 D was highest in this group (ECCE with IOL while ICCE with ACIOL had the highest number with astigmatism in the range between 2 D and 4 D. The total astigmatism which was mainly with-the-rule (vertical plus cylinder did not seem to impair severely the post-operative visual acuity of the patients.In conclusion, surgically induced astigmatism affected almost

  13. The plant ecology of Amchita Island, Alaska: Report on a research contract between the Department of Botany, the University of Tennessee and Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus Laboratories for the period 1 August 1967 through 30 June 1968

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Department of Botany of The University of Tennessee is conducting a study of the plant ecology of Amchitka Island, Alaska, as a subcontractor for Battelle...

  14. Final report for U.S. Department of Energy Grant DE-FG02-95NE38118-5 University Reactor Sharing Program [Purdue University

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bean, R.S.

    2001-06-01

    Under the Reactor Sharing Program, a total of 350 high school students participated in the neutron activation experiment and 484 high school and university students and members of the general public participated in reactor tours.

  15. Department of

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2014-08-27

    Aug 27, 2014 ... Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies & Management 7(5): 468 – 477, 2014 ... Department of Planning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology .... Anglican and Presbyterian schools have all been mined; exposing school children to dust and .... the district office of the National Disaster.

  16. 16 December 2013 - Hooke Professor of Experimental Physics and Pro Vice Chancellor University of Oxford Prof. I. Walmsley visiting the ATLAS cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson T. Wengler, Physics Department, ATLAS Collaboration P. Wells and Chair, CMS Collaboration Board, Oxford University and Purdue University I. Shipsey

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    16 December 2013 - Hooke Professor of Experimental Physics and Pro Vice Chancellor University of Oxford Prof. I. Walmsley visiting the ATLAS cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson T. Wengler, Physics Department, ATLAS Collaboration P. Wells and Chair, CMS Collaboration Board, Oxford University and Purdue University I. Shipsey

  17. Professor Ernst Bresslau, founder of the Zoology Departments at the Universities of Cologne and Sao Paulo: lessons to learn from his life history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pflüger, Hans-Joachim

    2017-06-01

    In this article, the life history of the founding father of the departments of Zoology at the Universities of Cologne and Sao Paulo, Prof. Ernst Bresslau, is described on occasion of the establishing of the "Ernst Bresslau Guest Professorship" at the University of Cologne. His main scientific achievements are discussed, in particular his research on the evolutionary origin of the mammary apparatus, in addition to his broad interest in biological topics. Among the many technical advancements that he introduced was the micro slow-motion camera developed together with the Zeiss Company which allowed to film ciliary beats at high speeds. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  18. ECUT: Energy Conversion and Utilization Technologies program. Industry, university and research interest in the US Department of Energy ECUT biocatalysis research activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcox, R. E.

    1983-01-01

    The results of a Research Opportunity Notice (RON) disseminated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Conversion and Utilization Technologies (ECUT) Program's Biocatalysis Research Activity are presented. The RON was issued in late April of 1983 and solicited expressions of interest from petrochemical and chemical companies, bioengineering firms, biochemical engineering consultants, private research laboratories, and universities for participating in a federal research program to investigate potential applications of biotechnology in producing chemicals. The RON results indicate that broad interest exists within the nation's industry, universities, and research institutes for the Activity and its planned research and development program.

  19. University of California San Francisco automated radiology department system-without picture archival and communication system (PACS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintin, June A.; Simborg, Donald W.

    1982-01-01

    A fully automated and comprehensive Radiology Department system was implemented in the Fall of 1980, which highly integrates the multiple functions of a large Radiology Department in a major medical center. The major components include patient registration, film tracking, management statistics, patient flow control, radiologist reporting, pathology coding and billing. The highly integrated design allows sharing of critical files to reduce redundancy and errors in communication and allows rapid dissemination of information throughout the department. As one node of an integrated distributed hospital system, information from central hospital functions such as patient identification are incorporated into the system and reports and other information are available to other hospital systems. The system is implemented on a Data General Eclipse S/250 using the MIIS operating system. The management of a radiology department has become sufficiently complex that the application of computer techniques to the smooth operation of the department has become almost a necessity. This system provides statistics on room utilization, technologist productivity, and radiologist activity. Room utilization graphs are a valuable aid for staffing and scheduling of technologists, as well as analyzing appropriateness of radiologic equipment in a department. Daily reports summarize by radiology section exams not dictated. File room reports indicate which film borrowers are delinquent in returning films for 24 hours, 48 hours and one week. Letters to the offenders are automatically generated on the high speed line printer. Although all radiology departments have similar needs, customization is likely to be required to meet specific priorities and needs at any individual department. It is important in choosing a system vendor that such flexibility be available. If appropriately designed, a system will provide considerable improvements in efficiency and effectiveness.

  20. Bone bank service in Odense, Denmark. Audit of the first ten years with bone banking at the Department of Orthopaedics, Odense University Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, H T; Larsen, S; Andersen, M; Ovesen, O

    2001-01-01

    There has been an increase in the demand for allograft bone in recent years. The Odense University Hospital bone bank has been in function since 1990, and this paper outlines our results during the 10 year period 1990-1999. Potential donors were screened by contemporary banking techniques which include a social history, donor serum tests for HIV, hepatitis B and C, and graft microbiology. The bones were stored at -80 degrees C. No type of secondary sterilisation was made. 423 femoral heads were approved and donated to 300 patients,1-6 heads/operation. The allografts have been used mainly to reconstruct defects at revision hip arthroplasty (34%), and for fracture surgery (24%). 7 % of all transplanted patients were reoperated because of infection. In the hip revision group the infection rate was 4 %. There were no cases of disease transmission. During the 10 year period there was a change in the clinical use of the allografts. In the first years the allografts were mainly used for spinal fusion surgery, but today the majority are used in hip revision and fracture surgery. The clinical results correspond to those reported in larger international series.

  1. Interview with Dr. Jennifer S Smith Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    <正>Jennifer S.Smith is an Associate Professor of Department of Epidemiology,Gillings School of Global Public Health,University of North Carolina.Dr.Smith is also affiliated with the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center(Cancer Epidemiology),UNC Center for AIDS Research,and the UNC Center for Women’s Health Research.Dr.Smith has conducted research on HPV infection

  2. Assessment of prescribing, dispensing, and patient use pattern of antihypertensive drugs for patients attending outpatient department of Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, Harar, Eastern Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Shukrala F; Gabriel T

    2015-01-01

    Fedila Shukrala,1 Tesfaye Gabriel2 1Dil Chora Referral Hospital, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia; 2Department of Pharmaceutics and Social Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Background: Hypertension is a global concern and is one of the key preventable risk factors for cardiovascular events, resulting in unnecessary morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the prescribing, dispensing and patient use pattern of antih...

  3. Corporate Culture in a University Setting: An Analysis of Theory "X," Theory "Y" and Theory "Z" Cultures within University Academic Departments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semlak, William D.; And Others

    A study used M. Cuffe and J. F. Cragan's three-dimensional model for understanding corporate culture within an organization to describe the managerial styles of chairpersons at Illinois State University. Case studies were completed for 18 chairpersons, who then sorted 60 statements on leadership style on a forced choice continuum from most…

  4. [Research work in the Department of Pharmaceutical Technology of the Albert Szent-Györgyi Medical University].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selmeczi, B

    1993-05-01

    A short review is given of the research carried out in recent years in the Department of Pharmaceutical Technology headed by the author on the occasion of the 75th birthday of Professor Károly Nikolics. The main results of the scientific activities performed in the four research groups are reported and a few important references to literature are made.

  5. Books authored/co-authored and edited/co-edited by members of staff of the Department of Medieval/Medieval and Renaissance Archaeology, Aarhus University, 1971-2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roesdahl, Else

    2015-01-01

    Chronologically organized list of books authored/co-authored and edited/co-edited by members of staff of the Department of Medieval and Renaissance Archaeology, Aarhus University, 1971-2014......Chronologically organized list of books authored/co-authored and edited/co-edited by members of staff of the Department of Medieval and Renaissance Archaeology, Aarhus University, 1971-2014...

  6. GIS Education at Geographical Departments in Japanese Universities in Relation to the Japan Standard GIS Core Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Midori; Oguchi, Takashi; Okabe, Atsuyuki; Sadahiro, Yukio

    2008-01-01

    Geographic information system (GIS) education in Japan lags far behind that in Western developed countries. As such the development of systematic GIS education in Japanese universities, including the preparation of a GIS standard curriculum, becomes an urgent issue. This article examines the present situation and recent trends of GIS education in…

  7. GIS Education at Geographical Departments in Japanese Universities in Relation to the Japan Standard GIS Core Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Midori; Oguchi, Takashi; Okabe, Atsuyuki; Sadahiro, Yukio

    2008-01-01

    Geographic information system (GIS) education in Japan lags far behind that in Western developed countries. As such the development of systematic GIS education in Japanese universities, including the preparation of a GIS standard curriculum, becomes an urgent issue. This article examines the present situation and recent trends of GIS education in…

  8. Extent of Implementing the Total Quality Management Principles by Academic Departments Heads at Najran University from Faculty Members' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Din, Hesham Moustafa Kamal; Abouzid, Mohamed Mahmoud

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the implementing degree of Total Quality Management (TQM) principals by Academic Departmental Heads (ADH) at the Najran University from faculty members' perspectives. It also aimed to determine significant differences between the average estimate of sample section of faculty members about the implementing degree of TQM…

  9. Meta分析在胸外科研究生循证医学教学中的应用%Meta-analysis in postgraduate teaching of evidence-based medicine in department of thoracic surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文涛; 施立; 朱蓉英; 陈勇兵; 桑永华

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the value of meta-analysis in postgraduate teaching of evidence-based medicine in department of thoracic surgery. Methods 21 postgraduate students from grade 2008 to 2013 in medical school of Suzhou University were selected. Awareness rate, interestingness and ability of meta-analysis were compared after teaching meta-analysis. Results After teaching meta-analysis, awareness rate, interestingness and ability of meta-analysis of the students were significantly increased. Conclusion The application of Meta teaching methods in thoracic surgery graduate student teaching can significantly improve students' awareness of evidence-based medicine, and then improve the students' learning interest and Meta-analysis using ability, which is an effective teaching method and worth promoting.%目的:探讨Meta分析在胸外科研究生循证医学教学中的应用价值。方法选择苏州大学医学部2008级至2013级硕士研究生共21名作为研究对象,给予其Meta教学方法,统计使用教学前后研究对象对循证医学的认识率、感兴趣率以及meta分析运用能力。结果在教学后研究对象对循证医学的认识率、感兴趣率以及meta分析运用能力均较教学前显著提高。结论 Meta教学方法在胸外科研究生循证医学教学中的应用可显著提高学生对循证医学的认识,继而提高学生学习兴趣和Meta分析运用能力,是一种有效的教学方法,值得推广。

  10. Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in the Surgical Population of the University of Puerto Rico Affiliated Hospitals: A Study using the Surgery Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Norma I; Santiago, Elvis; Abdul-Hadi, Anwar

    2016-09-01

    To evaluate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the surgical population of the University of Puerto Rico (UPR)-affiliated hospitals. We examined all the surgical cases that were entered into the Surgical Database from April 1, 2014 through September 30, 2014. This database collects patient and procedural information from different surgical services of various UPR-affiliated hospitals (the University District Hospital, the University Pediatric Hospital, the UPR Carolina Hospital, the Dr. Isaac Gonzalez Oncologic Hospital, the PR Cardiovascular Center [thoracic service], the Pavia Hospital [colorectal service], and the Auxilio Mutuo Hospital [colorectal and oncological services]). The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (types 1 and 2 combined) was estimated, and the nondiabetic and diabetic groups were compared. The difference between groups was evaluated using a Chi2 test, Student's t-test, or ANOVA, whichever was appropriate, with a p-value of less than 0.05 being considered significant. Information from 2,603 surgical patients was available. The mean age of the group was 49 (±23) years. The gender distribution indicated that 56% were women and 44% were men. Diabetes was present in 21% of the surgical population, increasing to 40% in patients aged 65 and over. The surgical procedures most frequently required by diabetic patients were in the categories of general surgery (36%), colorectal surgery (22%), vascular surgery (16%) and oncologic surgery (14%). Complications (5%, diabetic group vs. 2%, nondiabetic group; p surgery than did the non-diabetic patients. Surgeons must consider the specific needs of these diabetic patients in order to provide optimal care.

  11. Facilitating the development of a shared purpose in a university department: the first stage towards developing a culture of shared governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian McGowan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background and context: The structure of higher education departments tends to be hierarchical or, at the other extreme, characterised as ‘a galaxy of individual stars’ (Handy, 1993 p 190. Ours was no exception. However, changes in the way nursing education was provided, internal growth and development followed by a period of austerity, presented our school with an unprecedented opportunity. We found ourselves in a position where we had the possibility to change. Aims: The aim of the paper is to share our reflections on the process and outcomes to date of a culture change project in a university department. The purpose of this opening part of the project was to enable creative and collegial opportunities to work together. Conclusions: An inclusive culture can make a difference to peoples’ lives and reflect the underpinning principles of person-centred practice. This project has enabled us to define our shared purpose, clarify our values, make commitments and set standards. Overall, though it has allowed us to see each other as people who have emerged from behind a faceless organisational structure. Implications for practice: The values of inclusiveness, integrity and professionalism are important for a shared understanding and effective collaborative functioning within university departments internationally, especially those that espouse person-centredness Staff teams can be structured around professional and personal development needs but these also provide a direct link to both departmental and organisational purposes aligned to education Managerial support, staff participation and an experienced facilitator are vital for successful cultural change. Our project has been UK based but we believe these experiences to be transferable and of interest to university departments elsewhere that aspire to create cultures that enable staff, and therefore students and the wider community, to flourish

  12. An Evaluation and Support of Usability of Hacettepe University Libraries’ Websites through Training: A Study on Students of Hacettepe University, the Department of Information Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Cengiz

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study has been conducted with the aim of testing the characteristics of usage and evaluating the effects of user education on web site use through assessment of website of Hacettepe University Libraries. In the study conducted on eight volunteer subjects who are users of the website of the University Libraries, qualitative and quantitative research methods were used collectively. During the application of the traditional usability test, six tasks were given to the associations, requiring them to use various sections of the website of the university library. During the responding period of the questions; the data obtained from loud-thinking technique, click counts and response times were recorded. Afterwards, the subjects were provided with a training by a librarian. The quantitative and qualitative data obtained at the end of the study were analyzed and the positive and negative features affecting the use of the website were determined. According to the research results, it was hard for them to answer the questions of the pre-screening of the user catalog, database access, and problems finding the article before the training. Support through training for associations has positively affected the usability of the website. According to the findings, it is suggested that users should be trained on using the website during training programs, catalog section should be more promoted and highlighted, the terminology should be reviewed and a subject search engine should be created in the databases section.

  13. Factors driving James Cook University Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery graduates' choice of internship location and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schauer, Anna; Woolley, Torres; Sen Gupta, Tarun

    2014-04-01

    To identify the main reason James Cook University (JCU) Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery graduates chose their internship location and first four practice relocations. This cross-sectional study invited 261 JCU medical graduates to participate in an email or telephone survey. Graduates' main reason for choosing internship location and up to four subsequent relocations, post-graduate specialty training undertaken and practice location (either metropolitan or non-metropolitan) for graduates' internship year and current practice year (2012). Respondents (n=175; response rate=67%) reported personal factors as the primary driver for choosing their internship location, with 33% returning to 'near their family/home town', and 21% staying in the town they were based in Years 5 and 6. Professional reasons dominated for subsequent relocations, particularly 'long-term career ambitions'. Fifty-nine of the 175 (34%) JCU graduates had undertaken their internship in a metropolitan location (Australian Standard Geographical Classification Remoteness Area 1), while 80 (46%) currently (in 2012) practised in a metropolitan location. Internship location was not associated with later specialty training, but current metropolitan practice was associated with Surgical or Paediatrics training (P=0.007 and P=0.063, respectively), while current non-metropolitan practice was associated with General Practice and Rural Generalist training (P=0.010 and P=0.001, respectively). Personal decisions take precedence over professional career decisions for why JCU medical graduates chose their internship location, but subsequent relocations are driven by career ambitions, usually around specialty training requirements. These findings support establishing more post-graduate training opportunities in non-metropolitan settings for Surgical and Paediatric specialties as a retention strategy for a rural medical career. © 2014 National Rural Health Alliance Inc.

  14. Children diagnosed with congenital cardiac malformations at the national university departments of pediatric cardiology: positive predictive values of data in the Danish National Patient Registry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Agergaard

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Peter Agergaard1, Anders Hebert2, Jesper Bjerre3, Karina Meden Sørensen4, Charlotte Olesen3, John Rosendal Østergaard31Department of Pediatrics, Viborg Hospital, Viborg, Denmark; 2Department of Pediatrics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Denmark; 3Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark; 4Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Immunology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, DenmarkIntroduction: The present study was conducted to establish the positive predictive value of congenital cardiac malformation diagnoses registered in the Danish National Patient Registry (NPR, thereby exploring whether the NPR can serve as a valid tool for epidemiologic studies of congenital cardiac malformations.Materials and methods: The study population comprised every individual born from 2000 to 2008 who was registered in the NPR with a congenital cardiac malformation diagnosis and treated at one of the two national departments of pediatric cardiology. Positive predictive values were established comparing NPR information with the clinical record of each individual.Results: A total of 2952 patients with a total of 3536 diagnoses were eligible for validation. Review of their clinical records unveiled no patient without cardiac malformation. In 98% (98%–99% of the cases, the NPR diagnosis could be found as the discharge diagnosis in the patient's clinical record, and in 90% (89%–91% of the cases the NPR diagnosis was considered a true reflection of the patient's actual malformation.Conclusions: Our study verifies that the present study population retrieved from the NPR is a valid tool for epidemiological research within the topic of congenital cardiac malformations, given that the research question is not dependent on a fully established sensitivity of the NPR. Precautions should be made regarding cardiac malformations characterized by low prevalence or poor predictive values, and the reported validity should not be

  15. Demographical Differences in Perceptions of Leadership Practices for Department Chairs and Job Satisfaction of Faculty Members at a Historically Black University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Quinn Jr.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine the leadership practices (Kouzes and Posner, 2002 of the department chairs as perceived by the faculty and the job satisfaction (Spector, 2007 of faculty members at a historically black university located in the State of Mississippi. The role of the gender and ethnicity of faculty members’ perceived leadership practices of department chairs and job satisfaction is explored. A total of 100 faculty responded to the study. An ANOVA test found that there is a significant difference in leadership practices of department chairs by faculty members between ethnicity: modeling the way (F = 242.529, p = .001, inspiring a shared vision (F = 289.658, p = .001, challenging the process (F = 386.177, p = .001, enabling others to act (F = 272.504, p = .001, and encouraging the heart (F = 339.685, p = .001. There is a significant difference in subscales of job satisfaction for faculty members between ethnicity: promotion (F = 12.953, p = .00, supervision (F = 1.819, p = .00, contingent rewards (F = 25.379, p = .00, operating procedures (F = 34.334, p = .00, co-workers (F = 34.406, p = .00, nature of work (F = 3.020, p = .054, and communication (F = 46.118, p = .00. There was not a significant difference in Leadership Practices of department chairs and Job Satisfaction of faculty members based on gender. The implications of the study resulted in gender differences and ethnicity having a statistical impact on the perceptions of leadership practices of department chairs and job satisfaction of faculty member. Future studies might expand the study to include more historically black university to gain a broader perception.

  16. Realisation of the guidelines for faculty-internal exams at the Department of General Medicine at the University of Munich: Pushing medical exams one step ahead with IMSm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boeder, Niklas; Holzer, Matthias; Schelling, Jörg

    2012-01-01

    Graded exams are prerequisites for the admission to the medical state examination. Accordingly the exams must be of good quality in order to allow benchmarking with the faculty and between different universities. Criteria for good quality need to be considered - namely objectivity, validity and reliability. The guidelines for the processing of exams published by the GMA are supposed to help maintaining those criteria. In 2008 the Department of General Medicine at the University of Munich fulfils only 14 of 18 items. A review process, appropriate training of the staff and the introduction of the IMSm software were the main changes that helped to improve the 'GMA-score' to 30 fulfilled items. We see the introduction of the IMSm system as our biggest challenge ahead. IMSm helps to streamline the necessary workflow and improves their quality (e.g. by the detection of cueing, item analysis). Overall, we evaluate the steps to improve the exam process as very positive. We plan to engage co-workers outside the department to assist in the various review processes in the future. Furthermore we think it might be of value to get into contact with other departments and faculties to benefit from each other's question pools.

  17. 浅析普外科护理潜在的护理风险和对策%Analysis of Potential Nursing Risks and Countermeasures in Department of General Surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡建芳

    2016-01-01

    目的分析普外科护理潜在的风险,提出有针对性的对策。方法选取2005年1月~2008年1月我院80例普外科患者,调查患者日常护理中潜在的风险,提出解决对策。结果护理风险主要有护理人员风险意识不足,普外科人员配置缺乏科学性,普外科护理操作不规范,与患者沟通不足,护理文书不规范等。结论针对潜在的风险,院方需定期的开展安全教育,进行专业的普外科护理知识和技巧的培训,优化人员配置,来提高普外科护理水平。%Objective To analyze the potential risk of nursing in Department of general surgery, and to propose some countermeasures. Methods From January 2005 to January 2008 in our hospital 80 cases of patients in Department of general surgery, to investigate the potential of the daily care of patients with potential risks, and put forward countermeasures. Results Nursing risk mainly nurses lack of risk awareness, general surgery staffing lack scientific, general surgery nursing operation is not standard, the lack of communication with patients, nursing documents not standard and so on. Conclusion In view of the potential risks, the hospital need to regularly carry out safety education and professional general surgery nursing knowledge and skills training, optimize the allocation of staff, to improve the level of general surgery nursing.

  18. Aids and Surgery

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    HIV/AIDS patients require surgery sometimes during their illness. ... risks to surgical equipes and analysing preventive strategies to HIV ... problems in patients presenting HIV, AIDS and ... Dentistry, Surgery of Awolowo University in Nigeria3.

  19. Emotional Intelligence, Self-Esteem, and Academic Achievement: A Case Study of English Department Students, Binus University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiwik Andreani

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the comparison between English Department students’ emotional intelligence (EQ, their self-esteem and their academic achievement. Twenty-two students participated in the research by answering EQ test and two Self-Esteem questionnaires. The result shows that there is no relation between students’ GPA and their self-esteem and EQ. This means that academic ability does not correspond to social skills. Though most students have average EQ and self-esteem, one student has High EQ, High Self-esteem and a 2.95 GPA (out of 4.  

  20. [Surgical errors in archives of the forensic medicine department, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, and in Archives of the District Chamber of Physicians in Szczecin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deboa, Danuta

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper was to study medico-legal opinions passed by experts of the Forensic Medicine Department in Szczecin cases involving suspected surgical malpractice in the years 2001-2005. Among 97 opinions originating from the West Pomeranian and other provinces, malpractice was recognized in 30 cases. In the majority of instances, surgical errors consisted in inobservance of appropriate care in perioperative management. In some cases, such negligence-associated errors were committed in the course of diagnostic management, and in others - while performing the surgery itself. In isolated instances, surgical lack of competence was raised, e.g. when a general surgeon undertook a complex plastic surgery procedure. In the analyzed period of 2001-2005, the District Chamber of Physicians in Szczecin received 471 complaints, all of them originating from the West-Pomeranian region. Of this number, 33 complaints were carried over from the previous term Malpractice was confirmed in 34 instances and these cases were referred to the Board of Professional Medical Conduct. In 15 complains, since proceedings were in progress in various legal agencies, the cases were suspended until resolution in the prosecuting office or in court. Four cases analyzed by the District Board for Professional Medical Conduct involved surgical errors.

  1. Evaluation of English Language Teaching Departments of Turkish and Iranian Universities in Terms of Politeness Strategies with Reference to Request

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Rafieyan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The ultimate objective in post-method pedagogy is developing language learner’s communicative competence to enable them to participate in communication acts. Effective oral communication entails observation of a number of conversational principles and appropriate use of various strategies to avoid violation of mutually recognized rules, e.g. politeness strategies. Some researchers believe that politeness strategies have a number of universal Features (Goff man, 1967, 1971: Goody, 1978 a. In line with previous research studies, the present study set out to investigate whether nationality would influence the use of request politeness strategies by Iranian and Turkish EFL learners at the same proficiency level. Participants in this study included 448 students at four different levels of proficiency who were majoring in English language teaching at Gazi University in turkey and Islamic Azad University – Tabriz Branch. 224 Turkish students at four different grade levels and the same number of Iranian students participated directly in this phase of the research. Each grade level group consisted of 56 students. The researcher administered a questionnaire enquiring their preferences in selecting the proper forms of requests ( Blum - Kulka & Olshtain , 1985 .The statistical analysis revealed a strong correlation in intra-groups while the inter – group results displayed relatively significant differences . The Turkish participants used request politeness strategies more appropriately than Iranians which support the role of culture in the use of such strategies. The findings highlight the necessity of observing cultural background in teaching communication strategies such as request politeness strategies particularly in EFL contexts.

  2. Experimental valuation of specific hospital waste production in sanitary departments and surgeries; Valutazione sperimenatle della produzione specifica di rifiuti sanitari a rischio infettivo da reparti e gruppi operatori di una struttura ospedaliera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serra, R.

    1999-10-01

    Experimental measures of hospital waste production in sanitary departments and surgeries at highly specialised hospital have been carried out. The salient differences in waste specific production in several departments explain relevantly the variability of hospital waste production reported in technical literature. [Italian] Sono state effettuate rilevazioni sperimentali della produzione di rifiuti speciali sanitari a rischio infettivo dai reparti digenza, di terapia intensiva e dalle sale operatorie di una struttura opsedaliera ad alta specializzazione. Le differenze significative riscontrate tra reparti o sale operatorie afferenti a unita' funzionali diverse, rendono conto della variabilita' dei valori di produzione di rifiuti speciali sanitari a rischio infettivo da strutture ospedaliere riscontrate nella letteratura.

  3. An analysis of the implementation of problem-based learning at the Department of Energy Technology – Aalborg University

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Silva, Filipe Miguel Faria da

    2016-01-01

    Bachelor and Master degrees at Aalborg University (AAU) use problem-based learning (PBL) as teaching philosophy, where students learn by solving real authentic problems from day 1 until graduation. Besides developing the needed knowledge, skills and competencies, it is also claimed that PBL...... increases students’ motivation and improves their performance resulting in better grades when comparing with traditional teaching methods. Engineering curriculums at AAU are organised in projects (i.e. problem-based) and courses (i.e. lecture-based). However, there are no systematic studies evaluating how...

  4. Evaluation of Intestinal Parasites in Diarrheic Patients Refer to the Emergency Medicine Department of the Inonu University School of Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oğuztürk H et al.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The infections caused by intestinal parasites are one of the leading health issues both by means of individuals and society, especially in developing countries. We analyzed stool samples of 54 patients aged 18 to 67, who presented at our emergency department during June 2009 – October 2009 period, for parasitological agents. Methods: Stool samples were examined using native-lugol, trichrome staining and Kinyoun acide fast methods. Entamoeba species (Entamoeba histolytica and/or dispar were found to be the most common parasites.Results: Of 54 patients’ samples 12 (22,2% were found to be positive for parasites by microscopy, six (11,1% by Thrichrome painted samples and one by Kinyoun acid fast painted samples. Most common detected parasites were Entemoeba species (Entamoeba histolytica and/or dispar found in seven samples (12,9%. Seven of the patients found positive by microscopy were female (12,9%, male five (41,7%. The complaints and of all 54 patients were recorded. Malaise and nausea were found to be the most common symptoms in groups both with and without parasites.Conclusion: Parasitological agents have to be recalled in patients presenting to emergency departments with diarrhea as well as bacterial, viral and fungal pathogens.

  5. [The Institute Philippe-Pinel and the department of Psychiatry of the University of Montreal: intricate paths].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouchard, Anne-Marie; Morissette, Louis; Millaud, Fédéric

    2015-01-01

    The Institute Philippe-Pinel (IPPM) and the Département de psychiatrie de l'Université de Montréal, who are both celebrating their 50 years, have intricated paths and a long history of collaboration. Since its conception (1964), the Institute Philippe-Pinel was planned to become a site for training and teaching in the bosom of the Université de Montréal.Unique in its mission to offer state of the art psychiatric care and forensic assessments to patients presenting a high risk of violence, the Institute Philippe-Pinel, throughout the years, was also able to leave its mark by the way of academic teaching to psychiatric residents and trainees of all disciplines, of organizing national and international conferences, of research and by the publication of numerous articles and books in the field of forensic psychiatry.With, from its beginning, psychiatrists at its helm, the Institute Philippe-Pinel has at all times greatly contributed to the academic activity of the department. Highly committed psychiatric clinicians and professors were always involved at all levels of the psychiatric department. With the coming of the forensic subspecialty, the commitment and influence can only continue.

  6. Possibilities of application of process modelling when developing a proposal of the business process management system for a university department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Máchal

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Today’s global environment requires every sustained effort to outmatch both competition and innovation. Top organizations of all types – governments, non-profit organizations, companies, institutions and universities try to solve the following difficult questions: How to improve standard of customer service and raise the productivity without concurrent growth of expense accounts. How to control risks and observe the rules without losses of entrepreneurial ( competition benefits? How to stimulate all the employees to participate in innovation, development of new products and services, finding new markets and more efficient satisfaction of customers?The paper deals with possibilities of procedural simulation both for the improvement and innovation of present processes, and for the formation of completely new trends of the Institute of Lifelong Education of Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry in Brno. An important condition for the design of procedural simulation is expert activity provided by highly professional experts or consultants in the field of education as well as in business matters.

  7. 精神专科医院外科住院患者精神病共病现状分析%Status analysis on psychiatric comorbidity of inpatients from surgery department of psychiatric hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈萍; 沈仲夏; 徐美英; 陈海勤; 金莉; 陈海支

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析精神专科医院外科住院患者精神病共病的流行病学情况及特征.方法外科住院患者791例,对其中共患精神病者进行统计学分析.结果 791例患者中共患精神病59例,精神病前3位分别为精神分裂症、抑郁症、神经症;外科疾病前3位分别为骨折、脑外伤、肠梗阻.结论 精神专科医院外科住院患者精神病共病比例高,共患疾病有相关性.%Objective To study the cpidcmiological status and characteristics on psychiatric comorbidity of inpatients from surgery department of psychiatric hospitals. Method Take statistic analysis on patients with psychiatric comorbidity from 791 inpatients from surgery department. Result There arc 59 psychiatric comorbidity patients from 791 patients. The first three of psychosis arc schizophrenia, depression and neurosis and the first three surgical diseases arc fracture, brain injury and intestinal obstruction. Conclusion There is a high level of psychiatric comorbidity among inpatients from surgery department of psychiatric hospitals. There is correlation between comorbidity diseases.

  8. Impact of implementation of a pediatric surgery fellowship on general surgery resident operative volume.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Rebecca A; Phillips, Sharon E; Terhune, Kyla P

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the initiation of a pediatric surgery fellowship on general surgery resident operative volume at 1 major academic institution. Retrospective review of operative records obtained from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) general surgery resident and pediatric surgery fellow case logs. Data collected included number and type of pediatric index cases per year, number of total pediatric surgery cases per year, and number of total cases logged as primary surgeon to date. Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Department of Surgery, which has an accredited general surgery program, finishes 7 chief residents per year during the study period, and instituted a new pediatric surgery fellowship in 2007. Case logs submitted by third and fourth year general surgery residents and first and second year pediatric surgery fellows were studied. The number of pediatric attending surgeons, relative value units (RVUs), and hospital admissions increased from 2003 to 2011. The median number of pediatric index cases performed by a resident decreased after the onset of fellowship from 34 cases to 23.5 cases per year (p pediatric surgery rotation also decreased from 74 to 53 cases per year after onset of the fellowship (p surgery resident index and overall case volume in pediatric surgery. Although operative volume is only 1 measure of surgical educational value, these findings suggest that the addition of surgical fellowships affects the educational experience of general surgery residents. We recommend that residency programs establish goals and calculate any potential impact on general surgery resident case volume before initiating a new surgical fellowship. Copyright © 2012 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. DOE KSU EV Site Operator Program. [United States Department of Energy (DOE) Kansas State University (KSU) Electric Vehicle (EV)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hague, J.R.; Steinert, R.A.; Nissen-Pfrang, T.

    1992-01-01

    Kansas State University, with funding from federal, state, public, and private companies, is participating in the DOE Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program. Kansas State is demonstrating, testing, and evaluating electric of hybrid vehicle technology. This will provide organizations the opportunity to examine the latest EHV prototypes under actual operating conditions. KSU proposes to purchase one (1) electric or hybrid van and four(4) electric cars during the first two years of this five-year program. KSU has purchased one G-Van built by Conceptor Industries, Toronto, Canada and has initiated a procurement order to purchase two (2) Soleq 1992 Ford EVcort station wagons. This quarter's report describes ongoing public relations activities and meetings as well as presenting performance data for the electric vehicles. (GHH)

  10. Perioperative visual loss in ocular and nonocular surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen T Berg

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Kathleen T Berg, Andrew R Harrison, Michael S LeeDepartment of Ophthalmology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USAAbstract: Incidence estimates for perioperative vision loss (POVL after nonocular surgery range from 0.013% for all surgeries up to 0.2% following spine surgery. The most common neuro-ophthalmologic causes of POVL are the ischemic optic neuropathies (ION, either anterior (AION or posterior (PION. We identified 111 case reports of AION following nonocular surgery in the literature, with most occurring after cardiac surgery, and 165 case reports of PION following nonocular surgery, with most occurring after spine surgery or radical neck dissection. There were an additional 526 cases of ION that did not specify if the diagnosis was AION or PION. We also identified 933 case reports of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO, 33 cases of pituitary apoplexy, and 245 cases of cortical blindness following nonocular surgery. The incidence of POVL following ocular surgery appears to be much lower than that seen following nonocular surgery. We identified five cases in the literature of direct optic nerve trauma, 47 cases of AION, and five cases of PION following ocular surgery. The specific pathogenesis and risk factors underlying these neuro-ophthalmic complications remain unknown, and physicians should be alert to the potential for loss of vision in the postoperative period.Keywords: perioperative, postoperative, vision loss, ocular surgery, nonocular surgery

  11. Level of impact on the public health of universal human immunodeficiency virus screening in an Emergency Department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes-Urueña, Juliana; Fernàndez-López, Laura; Force, Luis; Daza, Manel; Agustí, Cristina; Casabona, Jordi

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV and the acceptability of rapid testing in an emergency department (ED), Barcelona (6/07/2011 to 8/03/2013). A convenience sample was used, depending on nurse availability in the ED. Participants signed an informed consent. Results were confirmed by conventional methods. A total of 2,140 individuals were offered testing, and 5% rejected taking part (107/2,140). Three subjects (3/2,033 [0.15%]) had confirmed reactive test. Individuals with a higher education were more likely to perform a rapid HIV test in ED (P<.005). A low prevalence of new HIV diagnoses was found among participants, although there was a high acceptability rate to perform rapid testing in the ED. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica. All rights reserved.

  12. TRAUMA SURGERY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Pretoria, Pretoria ..... Addiction. 2007;102(3):369–376. 16. Skibin L, Bilban M, Balazic J. Harmful alcohol use of those ... Student. Health Services [homepage on the Internet]. c2015. Available.

  13. Education for hydraulics and pnuematics in Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Information Sciences, Hiroshima City University; Hiroshima shiritsudaigaku ni okeru yukuatsu kyoiku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sano, M. [Hiroshima City University, Hiroshima (Japan)

    2000-03-15

    Described herein is education of hydraulics and pneumatics in Hiroshima City University. Department of Computer Science is responsible for the education, covering a wide educational range from basics of information processing methodology to application of mathematical procedures. This university provides no subject directly related to hydraulics and pneumatics, which, however, can be studied by the courses of control engineering or modern control theories. These themes are taken up for graduation theses for bachelors and masters; 2 for dynamic characteristics of pneumatic cylinders, and one for pneumatic circuit simulation. Images of the terms hydraulics and pneumatics are outdated for students of information-related departments. Hydraulics and pneumatics are being forced to rapidly change, like other branches of science, and it may be time to make a drastic change from hardware to software, because their developments have been excessively oriented to hardware. It is needless to say that they are based on hardware, but it may be worthy of drastically changing these branches of science by establishing virtual fluid power systems. It is also proposed to introduce the modern multi-media techniques into the education of hydraulics and pneumatics. (NEDO)

  14. Sharing in God�s surprise: The place and role of the Department of Science of Religion and Missiology at the University of Pretoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter (Piet G.J. Meiring

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available During the centenary year of the University of Pretoria (2008, the Department of Science of Religion and Missiology took stock of its activities during the past 55 years, since the first professor in Missiology, H.D.A. du Toit, was appointed. In his wake a number of missiologists followed � C.W.H. Boshoff, D. Crafford, P.G.J. Meiring, J.J. Kritzinger, P.J. van der Merwe, A.S. van Niekerk and C.J.P. Niemandt � each of whom has contributed to the formation of hundreds of ministers and missionaries, as well as to the development of missiology and science of religion in South Africa through their research and writings. In this article, the place of missiology among the other theological disciplines at the University of Pretoria is discussed, together with an analysis of the nature and the mandate of missiology and science of religion in South Africa in our day. This article discusses five specific challenges to missiology at the beginning of the third millennium, namely to maintain its theological �roots�; to operate in close relationship with the church; to focus on our African context; to concentrate on a relevant agenda; and to develop a responsible methodology. Attention is given to some of the more important publications by members of the Department.

  15. Evaluation of Low Back and Neck Pain and Disability of Interns at Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Department of Afyon Kocatepe University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horata Emel Taşvuran

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Repetitive tasks, high force, direct pressure, and awkward joint and prolonged constrained posture are cited as prime risk factors, making particularly younger adult physiotherapists vulnerable to musculoskeletal injury. Fourth-grade students (interns perform clinical practice at Afyon Kocatepe University Hospital. They apply hydrotherapy, electrotherapy, robotic therapy, virtual reality therapy and exercise therapy to patients (inpatient and outpatient at both orthopaedic and neurology units approximately twelve months. Because we think they are under the risk of low back and neck disorders therefore aim of the present study is to evaluate recent low back and neck pain and disability of them. 50.6% participants had recent low back pain; 52.9% participants reported mild and moderate low back disability. 21.8% participants had recent neck pain; 16% participants showed mild, moderate and severe neck disability. The difference between units related to low back and neck pain or disability wasn’t significant statistically (p>0.05. Most participants announced that they used the body biomechanics correctly (84.1% and took care of ergonomic conditions (91.5%. In conclusion, it is vital to identify prevalence of low back and neck pain among physiotherapy students and take necessary precautions to prevent further problems.

  16. Applying principles from "Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians" to teaching chemistry in the department of medicine at Chang Gung University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Bih-Show

    2012-02-01

    Similar to the current trends in America that were recognized by the Association of American Medical College and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in their 2009 report titled "Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians," Taiwanese medical students are lacking in their ability to apply their knowledge of basic sciences to real-life situations. The report recommended developing a competency-based approach to learning and also called for an increase in integrated and interdisciplinary courses in the education of medical students. Such a class, which would encourage students to look at biological concepts through chemical and physical principles, has been developed at Chang Gung University, and it strives to develop the medical student's ability to work in groups, think critically, and clearly and convincingly present ideas. The course requires students to present biological topics in groups after working closely with a teacher, and it trains the students to identify useful and trustworthy sources, to constructively criticize each other, and work together to present a cohesive and informative presentation for their peers. From my teaching experience, classes such as this have led me to conclude that the teacher's role does not simply encompass that of the informant, but also the facilitator of the academic success of the students, and this has led me to create certain class policies for teachers that help students of any field success in class.

  17. 基于产学研的知识流动部门研究%Research about the Department of Knowledge Flowing Based on Introduce-University-Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫安; 钱丹; 赵惠芳

    2011-01-01

    Based on the perspective of universities and scientific research institutions, the paper points out the deficiencies of the office of technology transfer organization(TTO) ,such as the limitation of TTO content, the single of technology transfer agents and so on. Then,the paper proposes a new concept of department of knowledge flowing and elaborates the bidirectional currents of knowledge between university-scientific research institution and enterprise-society-government. From three aspects of the scope, the prospects and the realistic meaning,this paper compares TTO with knowledge flowing department. At the same time, this paper offers theoretical foundations and references for establishing knowledge flowing department, strengthening the integration of introduce-university-research, promoting scientific research and social service ability,and realizing the comprehensive and sustainable development between universities and scientific research institutions.%立足于高校、科研机构的视角,指出技术转移机构存在如技术转移涉及内容范围有限、技术转移行为主体单一等方面的不足.在此基础上提出知识流动部门的概念,详细阐述高校、科研机构与企业、社会、政府之间的双向知识流.并从涉及范围角度、自身发展前景、现实意义角度3个方面比较了技术转移机构和知识流动部门.为建立知识流动部门,加速并深化产学研互动,提升高校、科研机构教学科研和社会服务能力,实现全面可持续发展提供了理论依据和借鉴.

  18. Taking a Longer View: Processes of Curriculum Development in the Department of Graphic Design at the University of Johannesburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Clarence-Fincham

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In the face of the complex array of competing pressures currently faced by higher education, globally, nationally and institutionally (Maistry 2010; Clegg 2005 academic staff who are required to reconceptualise their curricula are often tempted to focus on the immediate demands of the classroom and to pay scant attention to the broader knowledge and curriculum-related issues which inform pedagogical practice. In this paper we argue that opportunities should be created for staff to step back from pedagogical concerns and to consider knowledge domains and the curriculum in all its dimensions from a distance and in a more nuanced, theoretically informed way (Clarence-Fincham and Naidoo 2014; Luckett 2012; Quinn 2012.   The paper aims to show how a model for curriculum development which mirrors the three tiers of Bernstein’s pedagogical device was used in a Department of Graphic Design as a means of facilitating a deeper, more explicit understanding of the nature of the discipline and the values underpinning it, the kind of curriculum emerging from it and the student identities associated with it. (Berstein 1999, 2000; Clarence-Fincham and Naidoo 2014; Maton 2007. It begins by identifying some of the central challenges currently facing the South African Higher Education sector and then sketches the institutional context and highlights the key concepts underpinning the university’s learning-to-be’ philosophy. Within this framework, using staff responses during early curriculum development workshops, as well as ideas expressed during a later group discussion, it identifies a range of staff positions about several aspects of the curriculum which reveals both areas of agreement as well as contestation and which provides a solid platform for further interrogation and development.

  19. The present state of the diabetic clinic in the first department of internal medicine of Niigata University Hospital

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakagawa, Osamu; Oyama, Yasuro; Suzuki, Katsunori [Niigata Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine] [and others

    1998-10-01

    The treatment of diabetic complications in Niigata University were reported. Of all patients, 23.6% were treated by diabetic therapy alone, 37.8% were administered with SU drug and, in addition, about 50% were treated by a glucosidase inhibitor ({alpha}GI) or troglitazone. Insulin was used in 26.2% of the patients. Patients with NIDDM in whom the onset of simple retinopathy could be specified, were divided into 2 groups; Group S, with simple retinopathy without progression and Group P, with progression to preproliferative or proliferative retinopathy. Between the 2 groups, there were significant differences in the period of suffering from simple retinopathy, HbA1c and TC b. The association of the retinopathy with the short period would mean that HbA1c and TC were poorly controlled in these patients. In attention to silent myocardial ischemia and significance of cerebral blood flow scintigraphy, there was no significant difference regarding the presence or absence of angina pain or incidence of abnormal findings of scintigraphy or coronary angiography. It was difficult to predict the presence of silent myocardial ischemia from the presence or absence of diabetic neuropathy. Cerebral blood flow scintigraphy was performed in 37 diabetic patients, 25 patients were allocated to a group having uneven distribution of RI which never detected normally and an ununiform drop of peripheral blood flow (Micro group) and 12 cases without these findings to another group (Non-micro group). In the Micro group, HbA1c was significantly higher and the incidence of diabetic nephropathy was also higher. {alpha}GI was used to improve postprandial hyperglycemia in patients with NIDDM. It was more effective when being used concomitantly with a SU agent although the effect tended to decrease relatively in the cases of long term use. Improvement was observed in 90% of the patients which showed BMI of 24.2 or above. (K.H.)

  20. THE STUDENTS’ COMPETENCY IN WRITING DESCRIPTIVE PARAGRAPH AT ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT, FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, TRIDINANTI UNIVERSITY PALEMBANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rusman Roni

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The purpose of this study was to describe the students’ ability in writing descriptive paragraph at electrical and mechanical department. This study is descriptive in the sense that it aims at describing the knowledge and skill of electrical and mechanical department. The two kinds of data were correlated by applying the Spearman Rank Order Coefficient. The subjects of this study were 45 sample students selected from the students who attended English II at Faculty of Engineering, Tridinanti University. The general results indicate that the majority of the subjects were good at writing a descriptive paragraph. And it was also found that there were a relationship between the students’ knowledge of descriptive paragraph and their performance in writing descriptive paragraph at electrical and mechanical department, Faculty of Engineering, Unanti Palembang ( r=0,831. It implies that an increase in the knowledge in writing descriptive paragraph of the students’ score is accompanied by a corresponding increase in the skill of writing descriptive paragraph.

  1. [The beginnings of orthopedic surgery in Israel].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tauber, Chanan

    2013-08-01

    In early mandatory Israel, orthopedics was mainly conservative, The first modern orthopedic surgeon was Ernst Spira from Czechoslovakia who established an orthopedic service at the Beilinson Hospital in Petah Tikva and left in 1948 to establish the Orthopedic Department and the Rehabilitation Center in Tel Hashomer, which treated the War of Independence casualties including amputees and victims of spinal cord injuries. A second orthopedic department was opened in Tel Hashomer by Shmuel Weissman who left in 1961 to open the Orthopedic Department at the Ichilov hospital in Tel Aviv. Shmuel Weissman became the first Chairman of Orthopedic Surgery at the Tel Aviv University medical school. In 1955, Myer Makin opened a modern orthopedic department in the Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem and the Alyn Hospital for crippled children. In 1951, Assaf Harofeh Hospital opened the Department of Orthopedic Surgery headed by Anatol Axer who specialized in the treatment and rehabilitation of polio patients. The majority of the second generation of orthopedic department directors was trained by these four surgeons. Major developments in the 1960s and 1970s were the introduction of the AO system revolutionizing fracture treatment from conservative to operative treatment, the advent of total hip and knee replacements, Harrington instrumentation in spinal surgery and arthroscopy were major advances in orthopedic patient care brought to Israel by the aforementioned second generation of orthopedic surgeons. Hand surgery became an independent subspecialty of orthopedics and was lead by the internationally renowned hand surgeon, Isidore Kessler.

  2. Accuracy of quick and easy undernutrition screening tools--Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire, Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, and modified Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool--in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Venrooij, Lenny M W; van Leeuwen, Paul A M; Hopmans, Wendy; Borgmeijer-Hoelen, Mieke M M J; de Vos, Rien; De Mol, Bas A J M

    2011-12-01

    The objective of this study was to compare the quick-and-easy undernutrition screening tools, ie, Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire and Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with respect to their accuracy in detecting undernutrition measured by a low-fat free mass index (FFMI; calculated as kg/m(2)), and secondly, to assess their association with postoperative adverse outcomes. Between February 2008 and December 2009, a single-center observational cohort study was performed (n=325). A low FFMI was set at ≤14.6 in women and ≤16.7 in men measured using bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy. To compare the accuracy of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool and Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire in detecting low FFMI sensitivity, specificity, and other accuracy test characteristics were calculated. The associations between the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool and Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire and adverse outcomes were analyzed using logistic regression analyses with odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) presented. Sensitivity and receiver operator characteristic-based area under the curve to detect low FFMI were 59% and 19%, and 0.71 (95% CI: 0.60 to 0.82) and 0.56 (95% CI: 0.44 to 0.68) for the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool and Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire, respectively. Accuracy of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool improved when age and sex were added to the nutritional screening process (sensitivity 74%, area under the curve: 0.72 [95% CI: 0.62 to 0.82]). This modified version of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, but not the original Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool or Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire, was associated with prolonged intensive care unit and hospital stay (odds ratio: 2.1, 95% CI: 1.3 to 3.4; odds ratio: 1.6, 95% CI: 1.0 to 2.7). The accuracy to detect a low FFMI was considerably higher for the Malnutrition

  3. 25 February 2013- President A. Acar of the Turkish Middle East Technical University signing the guest book with Engineering Department Head R. Saban and Adviser for Relations with Turkey E. Tsesmelis.

    CERN Multimedia

    Samuel Morier-Genoud

    2013-01-01

    25 February 2013- President A. Acar of the Turkish Middle East Technical University signing the guest book with Engineering Department Head R. Saban and Adviser for Relations with Turkey E. Tsesmelis.

  4. Assessment of prescribing, dispensing, and patient use pattern of antihypertensive drugs for patients attending outpatient department of Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, Harar, Eastern Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shukrala F

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Fedila Shukrala,1 Tesfaye Gabriel2 1Dil Chora Referral Hospital, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia; 2Department of Pharmaceutics and Social Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Background: Hypertension is a global concern and is one of the key preventable risk factors for cardiovascular events, resulting in unnecessary morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the prescribing, dispensing and patient use pattern of antihypertensive drugs among patients attending Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital outpatient department.Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital on assessment of the prescribing, dispensing, and patient use pattern of antihypertensive drugs among patients who were above the age of 18 years and attending outpatient department from April 1–May 31, 2013. Data collection was conducted by reviewing the record of patients and direct observation of the dispensing process of randomly selected patients to measure average dispensing time, and direct interview with the patients. Results: A total of 400 patients met the inclusion criteria; out of the 400 patients studied, 63.5% were females. Most of the patients had Stage 1 hypertension (69%, followed by Stage 2 hypertension (31%. Out of the total number of patients, 264 were with different comorbid conditions: diabetes mellitus (64.3%, followed by congestive heart failure (15.1% and ischemic heart disease (2.3%. The most frequently prescribed class of antihypertensive drugs was diuretics, of which hydrochlorothiazide was the most frequently prescribed drug, both in single (55%, followed by enalapril (22.3%, methyl dopa (11.2%, atenolol (6.9%, and nifedipine (4.6%, and in combination with other antihypertensive drugs. The average dispensing time was 1.2 minutes, and 75% of the patients left the counter with inadequate information about the dosage

  5. Application of single-site laparoscopic technique in Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery%单孔腹腔镜技术在肝胆外科的应用进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢攀; 张伟

    2016-01-01

    NOTES (natural orifi ce transluminal endoscopic surgery) has been developed rapidly because of its advantages such as less trauma, less pain, faster recovery and better cosmetic effect. This paper reviews the progress of single-site laparoscopic technique in Department of hepatobiliary surgery.%经自然腔道内镜手术NOTES(natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery),因其具有创伤小、痛苦轻、恢复快、美容效果好等优点而得以迅速发展。现就对单孔腹腔镜技术在肝胆外科中的应用进展进行综述。

  6. Experience of self-made interview path diagram for preoperative interview of patients with ICU surgery in department of thoracic surgery%自制访视路径图在胸外科ICU术前患者访视中的实施体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慧; 钱静; 秦爱华; 凌红霞

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of self-made interview path diagram on preoperative interview of patients with ICU surgery in department of thoracic surgery. Methods Self-made interview path diagram was applied for the preoperative interviews of 500 patients with ICU surgery in department of thoracic surgery. Results Through interview, the patients'emotions such as tension and fear relieved, nurse-patient relationship were improved, and it was benefit for rehabilitation of patients. Conclusion Preoperative interview before ICU surgery can make the patients adapt to environment of care unit much better after surgery, avoid the occurrence of the unexpected accident events, promote the rehabilitation of patients and deepen the connotation of high quality nursing.%目的 讨论应用自制访视路径图在胸外科ICU术前患者访视中的效果.方法 对500例胸外科ICU术前患者应用自制访视路径图进行术前访视.结果 通过访视可缓解患者紧张、恐惧心理,融洽护患关系,有利于患者术后康复.结论 ICU护士的术前访视,可使患者在术后能更好地适应监护室环境,避免各种意外事件发生,促进患者康复,深化优质护理的内涵.

  7. [The Role of a Modular Universal Tumour and Revision System (MUTARS®) in Lower Limb Endoprosthetic Revision Surgery - Outcome Analysis of 25 Patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmolders, J; Koob, S; Schepers, P; Gravius, S; Wirtz, D C; Burger, C; Pennekamp, P H; Strauss, A C

    2017-02-01

    Introduction/Background: With extended life expectancy, the number of primary joint arthroplasties has also increased. Revision surgery is also more often necessary, due to aseptic or septic loosening of the prosthesis or periprosthetic fracture. Large bone defects often occur in these patients and several non-modular, conventional implants are available to handle this difficult situation. Custom made implants offer an individually designed and defect-adapted shape with perfect covering of the lesion, but may delay the operation. The Modular Universal Tumor And Revision System (MUTARS®) offers the possibility to vary the length and angle of the femoral neck and the antetorsion angle. Thus, it permits intraoperative adaption to the individual patient's defect. The aim of our study is to present clinical, functional results and the rate of complications in a cohort of patients undergoing revision surgery for failed endoprosthetic replacement or failed trauma surgery, using the Modular Universal Tumor And Revision System with short-to midterm follow-up. Patients and Methods: Between August 2005 and September 2014, 25 patients (17 female, 8 male) with an average age of 72 years (min. 56, max. 92 years) were included in a retrospective study using the MUTARS® system. The patients underwent surgical revision of osseous defects that were not susceptible to conventional care. The mean follow-up was 16 months (min. 12, max. 72 months). The indications which led to revision surgery were as follows: loosened metal-on-metal prosthesis with an acetabular defect caused by a metal-induced granuloma (n = 1), pseudoarthrosis after implantation of femur nail (n = 2), cut-out of a femur nail (n = 1), aseptic loosening of an implanted endoprosthesis (n = 4), septic loosening of an implanted endoprosthesis (n = 1), periprosthetic fracture (n = 6) and periprosthetic infection after two stage revision surgery (infection consolidated Girdlestone situation) (n = 10). All patients were

  8. [Hangings in the material of Department of Forensic Medicine, Nicolaus Copernicus University Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, in the years 2000-2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumińska-Ziemann, Barbara; Bloch-Bogusławska, Elzbieta

    2013-01-01

    This study presents an analysis of suicides based on autopsy protocols from the years 2000-2010. Out of all autopsies conducted at Department of Forensic Medicine, Nicolaus Copernicus University Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, 477 cases resulted from hanging. During this period the majority of hangings were recorded in 2010 (61 cases). The parameters assessed in this study included age, sex, post-mortem blood ethanol concentration and place of death of the victims. The age range of the deceased was similar in the group of men and women. Males represented the majority of victims of hanging (89%); only 11% of all the victims were females. The authors observed differences in blood alcohol level of the victims in association with their sex. Not present ethanol was noted in approx. 42% of men and 71% of women. More than 65% cases of suicide hangings were encountered in urban areas, in living quarters and outbuildings.

  9. THE MUTIFACTORIAL PATTERN OF OSTEOPOROSIS: A REVIEW OF THE RESEARCHES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THERAPY, INSTITUTE OF POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION, YAROSLAVL STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. B. Ershova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoporosis (OP is one of the most common diseases and is characterized by serious clinical manifestations such as low-energy bone fractures that cause severe social consequences. In this connection, OP is now receiving much attention worldwide. In Yaroslavl, the Department of Therapy (Head, Professor N.I. Korshunov, MD, Institute of Postgraduate Education, Yaroslavl State Medical University (Chancellor, Prof. A.V. Pavlov, MD, has been intensively conducting researches into different aspects of OP for more than 20 years. The main areas of the investigations performed are the issues of the epidemiology and outcomes of osteoporotic fractures, the relationship of OP to different diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, as well as the specific features of the development of OP in fertile men and women and the problem of calcium and vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women. 

  10. Effect of electron cyclotron resonance ion source frequency tuning on ion beam intensity and quality at Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toivanen, V.; Koivisto, H.; Steczkiewicz, O.; Tarvainen, O.; Ropponen, T. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae (JYFL) (Finland); Celona, L.; Gammino, S.; Mascali, D.; Ciavola, G. [Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, 95123 Catania (Italy)

    2010-02-15

    Ion beam intensity and quality have a crucial effect on the operation efficiency of the accelerator facilities. This paper presents the investigations on the ion beam intensity and quality after the mass separation performed with the Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae 14 GHz electron cyclotron resonance ion source by sweeping the microwave in the 14.05-14.13 GHz range. In many cases a clear variation in the ion beam intensity and quality as a function of the frequency was observed. The effect of frequency tuning increased with the charge state. In addition, clear changes in the beam structure seen with the beam viewer were observed. The results confirmed that frequency tuning can have a remarkable effect on ion beam intensity and quality especially in the case of highly charged ion beams. The examples presented here represent the typical charge state behavior observed during the measurements.

  11. 烧伤整形外科医院感染的病原菌分布及耐药性%Nosocomial infections in department of burn and plastic surgery:distribution and antimicrobiai resistance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭友林

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the status of nosocomial infections and drug resistance of pathogens in department of burn and plastic surgery and provide the reference for the prevention and control of nosocomial infections in department of surgery. METHODS Retrospective review was performed for data, from medical record of patients with nosocomial infections. The primary diseases, operation category and resistance rate were analyzed statistically. RESULTS The pathogenic bacteria causing nosocomial infections in department of burn and plastic surgery mainly comprised Staphylococcus aureus (28. 1 % ), coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (18. 0%), Pseud-omonas aeruginosa (17. 2%) , and Klebsiellar pneumonia (13. 3%) , etc. The above strains all showed high drug resistance. Among 59 strains of Staphylococci, 28 strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRS) were detected with the detection rate of 47. 5%. CONCLUSION Effective interventions should be adopted to prevent and control the nosocomial infections in department of burn and plastic surgery.%目的 探讨烧伤整形外科医院感染现状及病原菌耐药性,为预防与控制外科医院感染提供参考依据.方法 同顾性医院感染患者的病案资科,统计医院感染的原发疾病及手术种类、病原菌耐药率.结果 烧伤整形外科医院感染主要病原菌是:金黄色葡萄球菌、凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌、铜绿假单胞菌、肺炎克雷伯菌,分别占28.1%、18.0%、17.2%、13.3%;以上病原菌均显示出较高的耐药性;59株葡萄球菌属中,检出耐甲氧西林葡萄球菌(MRS)28株,检出率为47.5%.结论 务必采取有效的干预措施,预防与控制烧伤整形外科医院感染.

  12. Anticoagulación en microcirugía reconstructiva en los servicios de Cirugía Maxilofacial en España Anticoagulation in reconstructive microsurgery in maxillofacial surgery departments in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Pingarrón Martín

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Conocer el protocolo de terapia anticoagulante que siguen en el perioperatorio de este tipo de intervención los principales servicios de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial de España que realizan microcirugía reconstructiva de cabeza y cuello. A partir de aquí, resumir la terapia anticoagulante mayoritaria e intentar unificar criterios. Material y métodos: Los autores realizan un estudio descriptivo tras contactar a través de encuesta telefónica y/o por correo electrónico con los principales servicios de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial de los hospitales en España en los que se realiza cirugía reconstructiva con injertos libres microvascularizados. Resultados: De los 65 servicios de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial de España, 29 (44% son los integrantes del estudio. El resto de servicios se excluyen por no realizar regularmente reconstrucción microquirúrgica o no notificar los resultados de la encuesta. De estos 29 servicios participantes, 22 (73% siguen un protocolo de antitrombosis en los procedimientos microquirúrgicos. Conclusión: Pese a no existir una pauta estandarizada de antitrombosis, hay datos concluyentes de que el dextrano no debe utilizarse por el alto riesgo de complicaciones sistémicas, así como de que los únicos fármacos que han conseguido una reducción de la trombosis microvascular son la heparina y el AAS con respecto a la ausencia de terapia antitrombótica.Objective: To find out the protocol for anticoagulation therapy in the perioperative period following microvascular reconstruction in major Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Departments in Spain. From this, to summarise the majority anticoagulant therapy and attempt to unify criteria. Material and Methods: The authors conducted a descriptive study. A survey was performed contacting by telephone and/or email with the major Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery departments in Spain who perform reconstructive surgery with microvascular free flaps. Results: Of the 65

  13. 9 April 2013 - Minister for Universities and Science United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland D. Willetts in the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Spokesperson D. Charlton and in the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Beams Department Head P. Collier. Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers, Editor at the Communication Group K. Kahle and Beams Department Engineer R. Veness present.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2013-01-01

    9 April 2013 - Minister for Universities and Science United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland D. Willetts in the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Spokesperson D. Charlton and in the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Beams Department Head P. Collier. Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers, Editor at the Communication Group K. Kahle and Beams Department Engineer R. Veness present.

  14. 23rd June 2010 - University of Bristol Head of the Aerospace Engineering Department and Professor of Aerospace Dynamics N. Lieven visiting CERN control centre with Beams Department Head P. Collier, visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with R. Veness and CMS control centre with Collaboration Spokesperson G. Tonelli and CMS User J. Goldstein.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2010-01-01

    23rd June 2010 - University of Bristol Head of the Aerospace Engineering Department and Professor of Aerospace Dynamics N. Lieven visiting CERN control centre with Beams Department Head P. Collier, visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with R. Veness and CMS control centre with Collaboration Spokesperson G. Tonelli and CMS User J. Goldstein.

  15. Survey of patients with acute poisoning seen in the Emergency Department of the University Hospital of Gent between 1983 and 1990.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verstraete, A G; Buylaert, W A

    1995-12-01

    In a prospective study of 4234 patients with acute poisoning in the Emergency Department of the University Hospital of Gent in Belgium between 1983 and 1990, we observed a decline in the number of poisonings from 665 in 1983 to 424 in 1990. This was due to a decrease in the number of deliberate self-poisonings. Fifty-six per cent of patients were female and the most prevalent age group was 20 to 24 years. There was no seasonal variation. The substances most frequently taken were benzodiazepines (55% of the deliberate self-poisonings), ethanol in combination with other substances (35.8%), barbiturates and older hypnotics (18.6%), non-narcotic analgesics (13.3%) and tricyclic antidepressants (11.6%). Carbon monoxide accounted for 65.1% of all the accidental poisonings. With regard to treatment, a reduction in gastric lavage was observed. The patients were transferred to the intensive care unit (29.2%), the psychiatry ward (23.6%) or discharged home (27.8%). Only 0.3% of the patients died in the Emergency Department.

  16. Demographic and clinical characteristics of red tag patients and their one-week mortality rate from the emergency department of the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Rashidi; Rahmat, Rashdan; Hisamudin, Nik; Rahman, Nik Abdul; Noh, Abu Yazid Mohd; Mohammad, Nasir; Wahab, Sheik Farid Abdul; Zaini, Ida Zarina

    2009-11-01

    Early identification and rapid treatment of red tag patients may decrease morbidity and mortality. We examined the clinical characteristics, etiologies and one week mortality rate of red tag (life threatening and potentially life threatening illness) patients at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysai (HUSM). A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Emergency Department of the HUSM from 1 August 2006 to 31 January 2007; 440 eligible patients were analyzed. The group had a mean age of 47.2 +/- 22 years, with 67.3% of the patients being male. Twenty-three percent were trauma cases with motor vehicle accident being the major mechanism of injury. Fifty-four percent of the cases had cardiac related illnesses. The mean duration of stay in the Emergency Department (ED) was 3.9 +/- 1.5 hours. The survival rate at one week was 76.6%. The non-trauma group comprised 74.0% of death cases. Acute coronary syndrome and road traffic accidents comprised 22.0% of total death cases at one week. Red tag patients constitute a large proportion of ED cases and may remain in the ED for significant periods of time.

  17. Education for hydraulics and pneumatics in Yokohama University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Sciences; Yokohama Kokuritsu Daigaku ni okeru yukuatsu kyoiku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, Y. [Yokohama National University, Yokohama (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    2000-03-15

    Described herein is education for hydraulics and pneumatics in Yokohama University. Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science pursues to most efficiently produce high-quality products useful for human living and compatible with the environments, based on scientific and technological knowledge man has learned. This department has four professional education courses, materials designs, mechanical processes, hot fluid dynamics, and mechanical systems. An independent subject of hydraulic and pneumatic systems is provided for hydraulics and pneumatics. The lectures on mechatronics include those for digitally-, electronically/hydraulically- and electronically/pneumatically-controlled devices, and their characteristics. The related subjects include fluid dynamics, basic fluid analysis, applied fluid analysis, turbo machines, and automatic control. The postgraduate courses provide hydraulic and pneumatic engineering for, e.g., cavitation and unsteady flow through conduits, hydraulic/pneumatic driving and controlling, modeling and robust control of mechanical systems, and designs of fluid-controlling devices and actuators. The experimental courses include tests of centrifugal pump performance, measurement of pressure distributions on journal bearings, and tests of fluid flow through conduits. (NEDO)

  18. [A retrospective study on the incidence of chronic renal failure in the Department of Internal Medicine and Nephrology at University Hospital of Antananarivo (the capital city of Madagascar)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramilitiana, Benja; Ranivoharisoa, Eliane Mikkelsen; Dodo, Mihary; Razafimandimby, Evanirina; Randriamarotia, Willy Franck

    2016-01-01

    Chronic renal failure is a global public health problem. In developed countries, this disease occurs mainly in the elderly, but in Africa it rather affects active young subjects. This disease need for expensive treatments in a low income country, because of its costs. Our aim is to describe the epidemiology of new cases of chronic renal failure in Madagascar. This is a retrospective, descriptive study of 239 patients with chronic renal failure over a 3 year period, starting from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2009, in the Department of Internal Medicine and Nephrology at University Hospital of Antananarivo. The incidence was 8.51% among patients hospitalized in the Department. The average age of patients was 45.4 years with extremes of 16 and 82 years and a sex ratio 1,46. The main antecedent was arterial hypertension (59.8%). Chronic renal failure was terminal in 75.31% of the cases (n=180). The causes of chronic renal failure were dominated by chronic glomerulonephritis (40.1%), nephroangiosclerosis (35.5%). Hemodialysis was performed in 3 patients (1.26%), no patient was scheduled for a renal transplantation. Mortality rate in the Department was 28.87%. Chronic renal failure is a debilitating disease with a dreadful prognosis which affects young patients in Madagascar. Its treatment remains inaccessible to the majority of patients. The focus must be mainly on prevention, especially on early effective management of infections, arterial hypertension and diabetes to reduce its negative impacts on the community and public health. The project on renal transplantation: living donor, effective and less expensive treatment compared to hemodialysis could also be a good solution for these Malagasy young subjects.

  19. Causes and indications for reoperation in valve replacement and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG in 915 patients in cardiac surgery department in Imam Khomeini Hospital, 1374-77

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radmehr H

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Valvular and coronary artery disease are among the most important causes of disability and death in the world and Iran as well. Every year, half a million death because of these diseases is reported in United State. The incidence of degenerative and valvular diseases of heart is increasing. Considering the industrialization of our country, the incidence of these kind of problems are increasing as well. In this study, there is an attempt to recognize the causes of cardiac surgery. We conducted a retrospective study in 915 cardiac surgery patients (630 CABG and 285 valve replacement from 1374 to 1377. In CABG patients, there were 46 cases of reoperation (78.3 percent male 21.7 percent female. The most reoperations for bleeding was less than 24 hours in 90.3 percent. In valvular patients the causes of reoperation were: A Valvular complications (female/male=3/1, B Non valvular complications (female/male=1/3. The most common nonvalvular complication was bleeding (66.6 percent. The most common valvular complication was bioprosthetic valve degeneration. The meantime between two operation in valvular complications was 11.8 years. In all cases (915 the incidence of bleeding was 3.8 percent, mediastinitis 0.8 percent, cardiac tamponade 0.8 percent and GI bleeding 0.5 percent.

  20. [Centralization of robotic surgery: better results and cost savings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sluis, P.C. van der; Schreuder, H.W.B.; Merks, B.T.; Kruger, A.E. Boeken; Verheijen, R.; Hillegersberg, R. van

    2013-01-01

    In the University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands, robot-assisted surgical procedures are performed weekly within the departments of Surgery, Gynaecology and Urology. Training for robot-assisted minimally invasive surgical procedures can be divided into two parts: system training and procedu

  1. [Centralization of robotic surgery: better results and cost savings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sluis, P.C. van der; Schreuder, H.W.B.; Merks, B.T.; Kruger, A.E. Boeken; Verheijen, R.; Hillegersberg, R. van

    2013-01-01

    In the University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands, robot-assisted surgical procedures are performed weekly within the departments of Surgery, Gynaecology and Urology. Training for robot-assisted minimally invasive surgical procedures can be divided into two parts: system training and

  2. Nuevas tecnologías en los gabinetes de comunicación de las universidades española / New Communication Technologies in Spanish University Communication Departments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Busto Salinas

    2013-12-01

    facilitate a better flow of information and a broader coverage. On the other hand, they encourage public relations practitioners from technician roles to manager roles, at the same time they increment their power within their organization. Those are the reasons why new communication technologies are becoming a trend in the public relations field. The aim of this research is to study the implementation of different new tactics in the universities of Spain, both public and private. For that, a questionnaire was sent to the heads of the university communication departments asking them about their use of new communication technologies with different publics. Results show that Spanish universities make an extensive use of some traditional tools, such as web pages, email, social network and intranet. Many of them also broadcast different events through the Web and offer virtual press sites for the media. Nevertheless, they do not use many new tools, like podcasts, forums, instant messaging, blogs, wikis, Bluetooth, augmented reality, SMS or videoconferences. On theother hand, public universities employ slightly more technologies than private ones, although the disparities are very small. In conclusion, Spanish university communication departments have similar characteristics in their use of new communication technologies: they employ traditional and established tactics, but they do not extensively benefit from all the technologies available.

  3. Universe

    CERN Document Server

    2011-01-01

    Updated for 2011, the Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that covers today's most popular science topics, from digital TV to microchips to touchscreens and beyond. Perennial subjects in earth science, life science, and physical science are all explored in detail. Amazing graphics-more than 1,000 per title-combined with concise summaries help students understand complex subjects. Correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-9, each title also contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary.

  4. Universe

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    The Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that is correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-8. The Britannica Illustrated Science Library is a visually compelling set that covers earth science, life science, and physical science in 16 volumes.  Created for ages 10 and up, each volume provides an overview on a subject and thoroughly explains it through detailed and powerful graphics-more than 1,000 per volume-that turn complex subjects into information that students can grasp.  Each volume contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary help and an index.

  5. Indications and Outcomes of the Components Separation Technique in the Repair of Complex Abdominal Wall Hernias: Experience From the Cambridge Plastic Surgery Department

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adekunle, Shola; Pantelides, Nicholas M.; Hall, Nigel R.; Praseedom, Raaj; Malata, Charles M.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: The components separation technique (CST) is a widely described abdominal wall reconstructive technique. There have, however, been no UK reports of its use, prompting the present review. Methods: Between 2008 and 2012, 13 patients who underwent this procedure by a single plastic surgeon (C.M.M.) were retrospectively evaluated. The indications, operative details, and clinical outcomes were recorded. Results: There were 7 women and 6 men in the series with a mean age of 53 years (range: 30-80). Patients were referred from a variety of specialties, often as a last resort. The commonest indication for CST was herniation following abdominal surgery. All operations except 1 were jointly performed with general surgeons (for bowel resection, stoma reversal, and hernia dissection). The operations lasted a mean of 5 hours (range: 3-8 hours). There were no major intra- and postoperative problems, except in 1 patient who developed intra-abdominal compartment syndrome, secondary to massive hemorrhage. All patients were satisfied with the cosmetic improvement in their abdominal contours. None of the patients have developed a clinical recurrence after a mean follow-up of 16 months (range: 3-38 months). Conclusions: The components separation technique is an effective method of treating large recalcitrant hernias but appears to be underutilized in the United Kingdom. The management of large abdominal wall defects requires a multidisciplinary approach, with input across a variety of specialities. Liaison with plastic surgery teams should be encouraged at an early stage and the CST should be more widely considered when presented with seemingly intractable abdominal wall defects. PMID:24058718

  6. The Emory University Perioperative Algorithm for the Management of Hyperglycemia and Diabetes in Non-cardiac Surgery Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duggan, Elizabeth W; Klopman, Matthew A; Berry, Arnold J; Umpierrez, Guillermo

    2016-03-01

    Hyperglycemia is a frequent manifestation of critical and surgical illness, resulting from the acute metabolic and hormonal changes associated with the response to injury and stress (Umpierrez and Kitabchi, Curr Opin Endocrinol. 11:75-81, 2004; McCowen et al., Crit Care Clin. 17(1):107-24, 2001). The exact prevalence of hospital hyperglycemia is not known, but observational studies have reported a prevalence of hyperglycemia ranging from 32 to 60 % in community hospitals (Umpierrez et al., J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 87(3):978-82, 2002; Cook et al., J Hosp Med. 4(9):E7-14, 2009; Farrokhi et al., Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 25(5):813-24, 2011), and 80 % of patients after cardiac surgery (Schmeltz et al., Diabetes Care 30(4):823-8, 2007; van den Berghe et al., N Engl J Med. 345(19):1359-67, 2001). Retrospective and randomized controlled trials in surgical populations have reported that hyperglycemia and diabetes are associated with increased length of stay, hospital complications, resource utilization, and mortality (Frisch et al., Diabetes Care 33(8):1783-8, 2010; Kwon et al., Ann Surg. 257(1):8-14, 2013; Bower et al., Surgery 147(5):670-5, 2010; Noordzij et al., Eur J Endocrinol. 156(1):137-42, 2007; Mraovic et al., J Arthroplasty 25(1):64-70, 2010). Substantial evidence indicates that correction of hyperglycemia reduces complications in critically ill, as well as in general surgery patients (Umpierrez et al., J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 87(3):978-82, 2002; Clement et al., Diabetes Care 27(2):553-97, 2004; Pomposelli et al., JPEN J Parented Enteral Nutr. 22(2):77-81, 1998). This manuscript reviews the pathophysiology of stress hyperglycemia during anesthesia and the perioperative period. We provide a practical outline for the diagnosis and management of preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care of patients with diabetes and hyperglycemia.

  7. Survey determinant factors of telemedicine strategic planning from the managers and experts perspective in the health department, isfahan university of medical sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keshvari, Hamid; Haddadpoor, Asefeh; Taheri, Behjat; Nasri, Mehran; Aghdak, Pezhman

    2014-10-01

    Awareness of Outlook, objectives, benefits and impact of telemedicine technology that can promote services quality, reduce costs, increase access to Specialized and subspecialty services, and immediately guide the health system subconsciously to the introduction greater use of technology. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in the telemedicine strategic planning from the managers and experts perspective in the health department, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, in order to take a step towards facilitating strategic planning and approaching the equity aim in health in the province. This is a descriptive-analytical study, that data collection was done cross-sectional. The study population was composed of all managers and certified experts at the health department in Isfahan university of Medical Sciences. The sample size was 60 patients according to inclusion criteria. Information was collected by interview method. Researcher attempted to use the structured and specific questionnaire Then were investigated the viewpoints of experts and managers about determinative factors (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) in the strategic planning telemedicine. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean) and software SPSS 19. Data analysis showed that change management (100%) and continuity of supply of credit (79/3%) were weakness point within the organization and strengths of the program were, identity and health telemedicine programs (100%), goals and aspirations of the current directors of the organization and its compliance with the goals of telemedicine (100%), human resources interested using computers in daily activities in peripheral levels (93/1%). Also organization in the field of IT professionals, had opportunities, and repayment specialist's rights by insurance organizations is a threat for it. According to the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats

  8. Giant cell granuloma: a cross- sectional study in oral and maxillofacial pathology department of dental faculty of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (1986-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalayer Naderi N.

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: Giant cell granuloma (G.C.G is a reactive lesion which affects the jaws and oral mucosa of gingiva.This lesion is classified to central and peripheral ones. The histopathologic aspects of central and peripheral G.C.G is the same. The central lesions are aggressive and cause osseous destruction. The peripheral G.C.G produces ulcerative swellings similar to pyogenic granuloma or peripheral ossifying fibroma. Since the peripheral and central G.C.G are common lesions, the awareness of dentists of different aspect of G.C.G is very important. Purpose: The aim of this study was a statistical evaluation of variables such as age, gender and location of peripheral and central G.C.G in oral and maxillofacial pathology department of Dental Faculty of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: This study was a cross-sectional, case series one. The medical records of oral and maxillofacial pathology department of Dental Faculty of Tehran University of Medical Sciences was assessed in two steps: In the first stage, the medical records of patients with pathologic report of peripheral and central G.C.G were selected and reviewed. In the next step, the informations such as age, gender and location of peripheral and central G.C.G were registered in data forms. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS statistical software. Results: The results showed that the age range in peripheral and central G.C.G were 2- 90 and 4-70 years, respectively. The peak incidence of peripheral and central G.C.G was in the third and second decades, respectively. The peripheral G.C.G was more common in men (52.70% than women (47.30%. This finding in central G.C.G was 37.19% for men and 62.88% for women. 57.06% of peripheral G.C.G cases were in mandible and 42.94% in maxilla. The occurrence of central G.C.G was 67.07% in mandible and 32.93 % in maxilla. Conclusion: Based on this study, the peripheral lesions were more frequent in men, third decade

  9. Microbial evaluation of dental units waterlines at the department of operative dentistry, Tehran university of medical sciences in the year 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Memarian M.

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground and Aim: According to infection possibility in high risk patients, assessment of microbial contamination in water sources utilized at medico-dental units has become a recent concern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microbial contamination in dental units waterlines at the department of operative dentistry, Tehran university of medical sciences in the year 2006. "nMaterials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, six dental units in the department of operative dentistry were selected to assess microbial contamination in water sources. Samples were taken on Saturdays (the first working day in a week and in the midweek, 64 and 16 hours respectively after turning the units off. Moreover, for investigating the effect of flushing, sampling was done at 30, 60, 90 and 120 seconds after flushing and were taken from three parts of each unit including air/water syringe, turbine handpiece and also cup filler water. Samples were transported in closed sterile containers to microbiology laboratory of the school pharmacy. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests with p<0.05 as the level of significance. "nResults: E.coli was isolated from contaminated samples. Contamination decreased by flushing. In midweek after 90 seconds flushing, water contamination disappeared. On Saturdays 2 minutes flushing decreased contamination to lower that 200 cfu/ml (the rate recommended by ADA. Samples taken from turbine handpieces showed significantly higher contamination rate compared to air/water syringe and cup filler water (p<0.001. "nConclusion: According to the results of this study, dental units waterlines showed bacterial contamination which was eliminated after 120 seconds of flushing.

  10. First systematic plant proteomics workshop in Botany Department, University of Delhi: transferring proteomics knowledge to next-generation researchers and students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deswal, Renu; Abat, Jasmeet Kaur; Sehrawat, Ankita; Gupta, Ravi; Kashyap, Prakriti; Sharma, Shruti; Sharma, Bhavana; Chaurasia, Satya Prakash; Chanu, Sougrakpam Yaiphabi; Masi, Antonio; Agrawal, Ganesh Kumar; Sarkar, Abhijit; Agrawal, Raj; Dunn, Michael J; Renaut, Jenny; Rakwal, Randeep

    2014-07-01

    International Plant Proteomics Organization (INPPO) outlined ten initiatives to promote plant proteomics in each and every country. With greater emphasis in developing countries, one of those was to "organize workshops at national and international levels to train manpower and exchange information". This third INPPO highlights covers the workshop organized for the very first time in a developing country, India, at the Department of Botany in University of Delhi on December 26-30, 2013 titled - "1(st) Plant Proteomics Workshop / Training Program" under the umbrella of INPPO India-Nepal chapter. Selected 20 participants received on-hand training mainly on gel-based proteomics approach along with manual booklet and parallel lectures on this and associated topics. In house, as well as invited experts drawn from other Universities and Institutes (national and international), delivered talks on different aspects of gel-based and gel-free proteomics. Importance of gel-free proteomics approach, translational proteomics, and INPPO roles were presented and interactively discussed by a group of three invited speakers Drs. Ganesh Kumar Agrawal (Nepal), Randeep Rakwal (Japan), and Antonio Masi (Italy). Given the output of this systematic workshop, it was proposed and thereafter decided to be organized every alternate year; the next workshop will be held in 2015. Furthermore, possibilities on providing advanced training to those students / researchers / teachers with basic knowledge in proteomics theory and experiments at national and international levels were discussed. INPPO is committed to generating next-generation trained manpower in proteomics, and it would only happen by the firm determination of scientists to come forward and do it.

  11. Hypoglycaemic complications with diabetes mellitus management: the predominant adverse drug reaction presenting to the Accident and Emergency Department of The University Hospital of the West Indies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gossell-Williams, M; Williams-Johnson, J; Francis, L

    2010-10-01

    Evaluation of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) is important to the assessment of risk factors in an aim to ensure maximum benefits of drug therapy. This study was done to assess the types of ADRs presenting to the Accident and Emergency department (A&E) of the University Hospital of the West Indies. Admissions to the A&E associated with drugs were followed on a weekly basis for 19 weeks from October 2007 to February 2008 using the patient logbook. Medical records of patients with suspected ADRs were collected and evaluated by an Emergency Medicine Consultant of A & E to confirm the occurrence of ADRs and the suspected drug. Of the 8170 admissions to A&E, 48 (0.6%) were related to ADRs, with most occurring in females and the mean age (+/- standard error) was 58.9 (+/- 3.4) years. Drug induced hypoglycaemia accounted for 28 (56.3%) cases of ADRs and included mainly patients on insulin, with or without a sulphonylurea therapy. Most of these diabetic patients also had co-morbidities and were on multi-drug therapy (18). Allergic reactions accounted for 10 (21%) of the ADR outcomes. Other drugs accounting for ADRs included cardiovascular drugs (10.4%), analgesic/anti-inflammatory medications (8.3%), drugs acting on the central nervous system (8.3%) and anti-infectives (8.3%). It is concluded that drug-induced hypoglycaemia is the major ADR presenting to the A&E of the University Hospital of the West Indies; it is a preventable ADR and therefore further investigation should evaluate possible factors attributed to the occurrences.

  12. Evaluation and predictive nursing on patients with infection of prone incision in department of general surgery%普外科易发切口感染患者的评估与预见性护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关艳霞

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过对易发切口感染炎患者的评估,实施预见性护理,减少切口感染的发生率。方法:普外科收治患者200例,对其进行评估,找出危险因素,进行预见性护理,与未给予预见性护理的200例患者比较,观察切口感染发生的情况。结果:实施预见性护理后患者的切口感染发生率明显低于未实施预见性护理的患者。结论:找出普外科患者切口感染的易发因素,实施预见性护理,能有效防止切口感染的发生。%Objective:According to the assessment of patients infection in prone incision,we carry out predictive nursing in order to reduce the incidence of wound infection.Methods:200 patients were selected by the department of general surgery.We evaluated them to find out the risk factors,in order to carry out predictive nursing.We compared them with 200 patients in the department of neurology,and observed the occurrence of wound infection.Results:The incidence of wound infection is lower in patients with predictive nursing than whom lack of it.Conclusion:To find out the risk factors of incision infection in patients of general surgery department,and give them implement predictive nursing,we can prevent the infection of incisional wound effectively.

  13. Emergency medicine and its development in Ethiopia with emphasis on the role of Addis Ababa University, School of Medicine, Emergency Medicine Department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azazh, Aklilu; Teklu, Sisay; Woldetsadi, Assefu; Seyoum, Nebyou; Geremew, Haimanot; Busse, Heidi; Tefera, Girma; Wubben, Ryan; Rankin, Pete; Tupesis, Janis P; Maskalyk, James; Landes, Megan; Mehari, Enawgaw; Derbew, Milliard

    2014-07-01

    Globally Emergency Medicine (EM) is young discipline and even in developed countries it is about five decades old. In Ethiopia formal pre-hospital care or hospital based Emergency department (ED) development is a recent phenomenon and this article describes development of Emergency Medicine care in Ethiopia before, around and after Ethiopia millennium. Documents related to emergency medicine development and implementation from different government and nongovernmental data sources are used as a resource for this article. Emergency Medicine task force (EMTF) has been established in Addis Ababa University (AAU) school of Medicine (SOM) in June 2006 and the taskforce has closely worked with Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) and Addis Ababa city council Health Bureau (AACCHB). In addition to the main actors many partners have contributed significantly to this initiative. Some of the developments were establishment of emergency departments in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH) and the restructuring of EM service by FMOH. Emergency care has been considered as a crucial service in hospitals' service along with outpatient and inpatient services. Furthermore, Pre-hospital care initiatives have been commenced in Addis Ababa and expanded to the regions with a arrangement of one or two ambulances to small districts having 100,000 population. There have also been key achievement in human resource development, notably the establishment of EM residency and MSC in EM and critical care nursing. Prehospital care givers training programs in order to produce emergency medicine technicians (EMT) have been started in various regional health professionals training centers. Furthermore, EM module has been included in the current undergraduate medical education. The Ethiopian society of emergency professionals (ESEP) has been established with members from different categories of emergency medicine professionals. In all these developments the emergency medicine training center in the

  14. Young Geophysicists: `Know How' Tips to Nourish Them from Lectures and Seminars to Field Work and Conferences (Geology and Geophysics Department, Novosibirsk State University, GGD, NSU).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakhmenkulova, I. F.

    2016-12-01

    How to nourish young brilliant geophysicists? Here are the tips: We teach them as physicists (at the Department of Physics, together with students majoring in physics). Students have special facilities in field work, using most modern geophysical equipment. They can participate in real projects on applied geophysics during their studies. They attend special seminars and conferences for both young professionals and full-fledged scientists. Their English Language Program is focused on geophysical terminology. There are four specialties at Geology and Geophysics Department of Novosibirsk State University: Geophysics, Geochemistry, Geology, and Geochemistry of Oil and Gas. However, the curriculum for geophysicists is absolutely different from other specialties. Mathematics, physics and laboratory work are given at the Department of Physics (together with students majoring in physics). All the necessary geological subjects are also studied (including field work). During all period of their study the students work part time at many geophysical institutions. The equipment is both traditional and most modern, created at the Institute of Oil and Gas Geophysics. The students present the result of their field work and laboratory experiments in many seminars and conferences. For example, there is a traditional annual conference in Shira, Khakassia, for young professionals. Every year the Seminar in Geodynamics, Geophysics and Geomechanics is held in the Altay Mountains (Denisova Cave Camp). This Seminar was organized by the late Sergey Goldin, the Director of the Institute of Geophysics, the Head of the Chair of Geophysics, a Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In July 2016 this Seminar was devoted to 80's birth anniversary of Sergey Goldin. Several students of geophysics presented the results of their work there. Next year the seminar is supposed to be international. A special attention is given to the English course lasting for 5 years. The students learn general

  15. Laser conization for the treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: the experience of the Colposcopy and Laser Surgery Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Conegliano Hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fantin, Gian P.; Grasso, Alessandra; Tasinazzo, Raffaella; Bortolozzi, Giorgio

    1998-01-01

    From November 1990 to December 1995 eighty patients were treated with laser conization. They were high grade CIN extending to the endocervical canal and/or with purely ectocervical lesions and patients with low grade endocervical CIN persisting more than one year or cyto- histological discrepancy. Before surgery all the patients had colposcopy, cytology and guided cervical biopsies. Seventy-six out of eighty underwent local anaesthesia and in three cases a general anaesthetic was required although one case was treated without any anaesthesia. Complementary vaporization of the cone bed was performed in every single case. All specimens were judged fully evaluable by the pathologist. The accuracy of the preconization histology as evaluated in 79 patients. Exact agreement or a one degree discrepancy between punch biopsies and cone specimens was found in 96.25%. We did not find any unexpected invasive carcinoma. The apex of the specimen was free of disease in 93.75% of cases. A high grade lesion on the endocervical margin was found in 4 out of 5 cases with an apex involvement. Stenosis of the external cervical os occurred in 7 cases, 3 of which were symptomatic. In our experience laser conization is an effective and safe treatment of CIN with the results comparable to the literature.

  16. Integration of sources in academic writing: A corpus-based study of citation practices in essay writing in two departments at the University of Botswana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boitumelo T. Ramoroka

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The ability to cite sources appropriately is an important feature of academic writing. Academic writers are expected to integrate ideas of others into their texts and take a stance towards the reported material as they develop their arguments. Despite this importance, research has shown that citation presents considerable difficulties for students, particularly non-native English speakers. Such difficulties include using citations effectively in writing and understanding them in reading, expressing one’s voice and signalling citations in writing so that there is a clear distinction between one’s ideas and those derived from source materials. This study investigates the types of reporting verbs used by students to refer to the work of others and the extent to which they evaluate the work of others in their writing. It draws from a corpus of approximately 80 000 words from essays written by students in two departments at the University of Botswana (Botswana. The findings show that students used more informing verbs, associated with the neutral passing of information from the source to the reader, without interpreting the information cited, compared with argumentative verbs (which signify an evaluative role. The results of the study underscore the importance of teaching reporting verbs in the English for academic purposes classroom and making students aware of their evaluative potential.

  17. [The teaching of orthodontics in the opinion of students from Department of Dentistry of Pomeranian Medical University in the academic year of 2005/2006].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syryńska, Maria; Post, Marcin; Tsynkel, Pavel; Durka, Magdalena

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the paper was to get to know, collect and present information provided by students about classes from orthodontic and their opinion regarding the conduction of clinical and theoretical exercises. The study group was comprised of 69 fifth year students from the Department of Orthodontics of the Pomeranian Medical University. The material was collected by the use of an anonymous questionnaire distributed after the final exam from orthodontics. The questionnaire was created for the study and contained 6 questions. Most of the students have admitted that knowledge gained during the 4th year was useful on the 5th year and that the information presented on orthodontic seminars during the 5th year was beneficial in regard to clinical exercises. Graduates have admitted that they felt well prepared in the field of orthodontic profilaxis and removable appliances but not enough prepared in the field of fixed appliances, retention and the repair of damaged appliances. The number of patients on clinical exercises in most answers was rated as "enough". Most of the students have answered that the way of the exercises have been conducted in their groups was acceptable and the time on exercises has been properly used. Laboratory exercises and seminars on the 4th and 5th year of studies have supplemented the knowledge of students and prepared them for clinical work in orthodontics. Students have proved to be good observers when indicating the weak points of didactics.

  18. Institutional Incentives for Mentoring at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and Universities: Associations With Mentors' Perceptions and Time Spent Mentoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maisel, Natalya C; Halvorson, Max A; Finney, John W; Bi, Xiaoyu; Hayashi, Ko P; Blonigen, Daniel M; Weitlauf, Julie C; Timko, Christine; Cronkite, Ruth C

    2017-04-01

    Limited empirical attention to date has focused on best practices in advanced research mentoring in the health services research domain. The authors investigated whether institutional incentives for mentoring (e.g., consideration of mentoring in promotion criteria) were associated with mentors' perceptions of mentoring benefits and costs and with time spent mentoring. The authors conducted an online survey in 2014 of a national sample of mentors of U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Services Research and Development Service (HSR&D) mentored career development award recipients who received an award during 2000-2012. Regression analyses were used to examine institutional incentives as predictors of perceptions of benefits and costs of mentoring and time spent mentoring. Of the 145 mentors invited, 119 (82%) responded and 110 (76%) provided complete data for the study items. Overall, mentors who reported more institutional incentives also reported greater perceived benefits of mentoring (P = .03); however, more incentives were not significantly associated with perceived costs of mentoring. Mentors who reported more institutional incentives also reported spending a greater percentage of time mentoring (P = .02). University incentives were associated with perceived benefits of mentoring (P = .02), whereas VA incentives were associated with time spent mentoring (P = .003). Institutional policies that promote and support mentorship of junior investigators, specifically by recognizing and rewarding the efforts of mentors, are integral to fostering mentorship programs that contribute to the development of early-career health services researchers into independent investigators.

  19. Cable TV: Bringing Home Native Speaker to Increase Listening Comprehension of the Students of English Education Department Teacher Training and Education Faculty Muria Kudus University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rismiyanto Nuraeningsih

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the use of cable TV to increase listening comprehension of the students of English education department of Muria Kudus University. The aims were to find out: (1 the listening comprehension achievement of the students taught by using cable TV, (2 the students’ response towards the teaching of listening comprehension class by using cable TV, and (3 the students’ difficulties when being involved in the listening class taught by using cable TV are. A classroom action research was conducted with three cycles. The data was collected by using test, observation checklist, & a questionnaire. The subject consisted of 29 students joining Advanced Listening class. The findings show that: (a The listening comprehension achievement of the students taught by using cable TV in cycle I, II, & III is fair, (b The students have enthusiasm and seriousness and motivation in joining the class in all cycles, (c In cycle III the students’ difficulties when being involved in the listening comprehension class taught by using cable TV are more and more decreasing. Keywords: Cable TV, Listening Comprehension

  20. Language Learner Language A Case of Seventh Semester Students of the English Department, Faculty of Education, Atma Jaya Catholic University Jakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y.M. Harsono

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the language of the language learners- language learner language - especially the pronunciation of the seventh semester students of the English department, Faculty of Education, Atma Jaya Catholic University Jakarta. Four major sub-topics are discussed in this paper which include the definition of interlanguage, the factors affecting interlanguage, some research findings on interlanguage, the result of observation, and the conclusion and suggestion. On the basis of the theoretical background and the result of the observation, it is concluded that: (1 the inaccurate pronunciation of the English of the learners is a natural one from the point of view of SLA, (2 L2 learning differs from first language acquisition in that it is seldom successful, (3 the incorrect pronunciation of the learners should not be considered as something that is not allowed to occur but should be realized as something natural, and (4 the pronunciation specific of the learners is mostly as a result of overgeneralization of the kind of rules of pronouncing the words.

  1. Improvement of medical education using web-based lecture repetition and extension: e-learning experiences of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tuebingen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wallwiener, Markus

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available In order to improve the education of its medical students, the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Tuebingen established e-learning in terms of web-based lecture repetition and extension. Subsequent to lectures, questions are provided online. The participation is voluntary, but requires registration. The results of the analysed period (winter term 2004/2005, summer term 2005 and winter term 2005/2006 including more than 380 e-learning users are encouraging. An average of 45% of the target group used the offered online questions. The students who completed at least 75% of all prepared question units achieved significantly better results than their traditional learning fellow students (p=0.002. Users got more frequent the marks "good" and "very good". Twice as much conventional learning students as e-learning users failed the examination. E-Learning and the technical implementation are repeatedly appreciated by the students. In the future, more medical courses will be supplemented with e-learning, according to the students request.

  2. The Nottingham Expectation and Complication score following Surgery (NECS): an universal scale for surgical outcome audit and peer comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingale, Harshal; Muquit, Samiul; Al-Helli, Othman; White, Barrie; Basu, Surajit

    2017-04-01

    Consultant Outcomes Publication (COP) is an NHS England initiative for promoting improvements in quality of care. However, at present outcomes are commonly expressed as mortality rates which do not necessarily reflect the performance of surgeons. We developed the Nottingham Expectation and Complication score following Surgery (NECS) to determine the success of surgical treatment from both the clinical perspective and the practical expectations agreed between surgeons and patients during the consent process. This was a pilot study to trial the use of the NECS score. It is a simple expression of overall outcome comprising three clinical domains: S - surgical outcome, T - surgical/technical complications and M - medical complications recorded by the treating clinician, and practical outcome determined by a joint clinical/patient assessment. 107 elective neurosurgical patients were included in this prospective study. 95 completed questionnaires were included. 75% patients achieved the best possible treatment score (S3T3M4). Of the 25% of patients who did not achieve this ideal outcome, the most common cause was either medical deterioration 18%, or technical complications of surgery discussed during the consent process 17%, or both. Surgeons rated their outcomes as expectations exceeded in 2% of cases, met in 92%, partially met in 5% and failed in 1%. Patients rated their outcomes as expectations exceeded in 37%, met in 37%, partially met in 18%, and 5% reported that their expectations were not met or they were worse than before the operation. Bivariate correlation analysis (Pearson's r coefficient) between overall 'expectation score' of patients and surgeons showed moderate correlation with r = .25 (p = .014). NECS score can be used as an indicator to assess technical performance and patient satisfaction. It provides a more balanced quality indicator of the surgical service delivery than COP. It also offers additional advantages for auditing/planning improving

  3. Use of resources and costs associated with the treatment of Dupuytren’s contracture at an orthopedics and traumatology surgery department in Denia (Spain): collagenase clostridium hystolyticum versus subtotal fasciectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Our purpose was to analyze and compare the use of direct health resources and costs generated in the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture using two different techniques: subtotal fasciectomy and infiltration with Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum (CCH) in regular clinical practice at the Orthopedic and Traumatology Surgery (OTS) Department at the Hospital de Denia (Spain). Methods Observational, retrospective study based on data from the computerized clinical histories of two groups of patients- those treated surgically using a one or two digit subtotal fasciectomy technique (FSC) and those treated with CCH infiltration, monitored in regular clinical practice from February, 2009 to May, 2012. Demographic (age, sex), clinical (number of digits affected and which ones) and use of resources (hospitalizations, medical visits, tests and drugs) data were collected. Resource use and associated costs, according to the hospital’s accounting department, were compared based on the type of treatment from Spain’s National Health Service. Results 91 patients (48 (52.8%) in the FSC group) were identified. The average age and number of digits affected was 65.9 (9.2) years and 1.33 (0.48) digits affected in the FSC group, and 65.1 (9.7) years and 1.16 (0.4) digits in the CCH group. Overall, the costs of treating Dupuytren's disease with subtotal FSC amount to €1,814 for major ambulatory surgery and €1,961 with hospital stay including admission, surgical intervention (€904), examinations, dressings and physiotherapy. As to collagenase infiltration, costs amount to €952 (including minor surgery admission, vial with product, office examination and dressings). Finally, comparing total costs for treatments, a savings of €388 is estimated in favor of CCH treatment in the best-case scenario (patient under MAS system with no need for physiotherapy) and €1,008 in the worst-case scenario (patient admitted to hospital needing subsequent physiotherapy), implying a

  4. The Effect of Psychological Nursing Intervention Applied in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery%心理护理干预在肝胆外科中的效果应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔淑芹

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the application of psychological nursing intervention in the department of hepatobiliary surgery,and to analyze the intervention on the recovery of patients with mental and physical effect. Methods 50 cases of patients accepted operation in department of hepatobiliary surgery in our hospital,who were divided into control group and experimental group randomly,the control group of 25 patients with routine nursing, test group of 25 patients with psychological nursing intervention based on routine nursing. Results In the test group,whether regulation of patients with postoperative complications of emotional or psychological anxiety,emotional control,compared with the control group had better effect(P<0.05). Conclusion Psychological nursing intervention on patients in the department of hepatobiliary surgery can effectively slow down the catheter cause discomfort and the incision pain,reduce the patient on the prognosis of the disease and drainage control situation concern.%目的:观察心理护理干预在肝胆外科中的应用,并分析干预对患者身心恢复的效果。方法选取我院50例接受肝胆外科手术的患者,随机将患者分为对照组和试验组,对照组25例患者采用常规护理方法,试验组25例患者在常规护理基础上进行心理护理干预,对两组的应用效果进行对比分析。结果试验组不论是对患者的术后并发症的情绪的调控,还是心理焦虑等情绪的调控,较之对照组都有较好的效果(P<0.05),具有统计学意义。结论心理护理干预对肝胆外科患者能有效减缓尿管导致的不适和切口疼痛,降低患者对疾病预后和引流管制情况的担心,患者接受度高,能更好地帮助患者身心康复。

  5. 甘油灌肠剂灌肠在妇科腹部手术前肠道准备中的临床应用%Glycerine enema sausage befor gynecology department abdomen surgery in intestinal tract preparation clinical practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄娟; 杨颖; 黄瑜; 黄亚雪

    2015-01-01

    Objective The discussion of glycerine enema sausage uses in the clinical practice value which before the gy‐necology department abdomen surgery the intestinal tract prepares .Methods October ,2013- - June ,2014 ,210 example gynecology department abdomen surgery patient stochastically divides into the control group of 105 examples and the experi‐mental group of 105 examples ,The experimental group gives the glycerine enema sausage ,The control group gives the tra‐ditional soapy water sausage ,After two kind of sausage method sausage time ,the sausage number of times ,pour into the liquid volume ,the intestinal tract cleanliness ,patient's comfort level ,the complications ,the technique aspects and so on anus exhaust time carry on the observation contrast .Results Experimental group's effect surpasses the control group obvi‐ously ,Two groups of comparisons have the remarkable statistics significance (P<0 .05) .Conclusion When the glycerine enema sausage operate easily ,the patient comfort level is high ,the complication are few ,and merit quickly ,In the intestinal tract preparation has the important clinical practice value before the gynecology department abdomen surgery .%目的:探讨甘油灌肠剂灌肠用于妇科腹部手术前肠道准备的临床应用价值。方法将我科2013年10月~2014年6月210例妇科腹部手术患者,随机分为对照组和实验组,各105例。实验组予甘油灌肠剂灌肠。对照组予传统肥皂水灌肠。并对两组灌肠时间、灌肠次数、灌入液量、肠道清洁度、患者舒适度、术后肛门排气时间进行比较。结果两组灌肠时间、灌肠次数、灌入液量、肠道清洁度、患者舒适度及术后肛门排气时间比较,有显著性差异(P<0.05)。结论甘油灌肠剂灌肠具有操作简便、节时,患者舒适度高,并发症少,术后恢复快等优点,在妇科腹部手术前肠道准备中具有重要的临床应用价值。

  6. Bariatric Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery MedlinePlus What is bariatric surgery? Bariatric surgery helps people who are very obese to ... What are the endocrine-related benefits of bariatric surgery? Bariatric surgery and the weight loss that results can: ...

  7. Cataract surgery during active methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansour AM

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Ahmad M Mansour,1,2 Haytham I Salti11Department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut, 2Rafic Hariri University Hospital, Beirut, LebanonAbstract: We present two patients with active, foul-smelling, methicillin-resistant ­Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA wounds of the forehead and sternum following craniotomy or open heart surgery. Both had debilitating cataracts and were told by the infectious diseases team that cataract surgery is very risky. Both underwent sequential bilateral phacoemulsification with no sign of infection. Patients with active MRSA wound infections may safely undergo cataract surgery with additional precautions observed intraoperatively (good wound construction and postoperatively (topical antibiotics and close observation. Banning such surgeries can unnecessarily jeopardize the lifestyles of such patients.Keywords: cataract, infection, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, phacoe­mulsification

  8. Clinical and statistical analysis of traumatic injuries of the maxillofacial region and its complications on materials of the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery from 2008 till 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lepilin A.V. Bakhteeva G.R.

    2013-09-01

    The ratio of male and female patients during the study period did not change (men 89%, women — 11 %. Single fractures that do not require surgical treatment were dominated. Operating activities during the study period of fracture increased. For 5 years, the number of complications of traumatic injuries remained the same. Conclusion. Statistical analysis of traumatic injuries of the maxillofacial region shows that the average age of the patients decreased by almost 5 years, reduced average hospital stay. Most of the patients were admitted to the profile department in the early period (up to 3 days after preparation, but 21.6% of the patients were received only with the development of complications. The article concludes that there is a need to find new methods of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of complications of traumatic injuries.

  9. Department of Anima

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2014-10-11

    Oct 11, 2014 ... Department of Animal Production, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. Abstract. A study was ... technologies are evolved (Power and Dick,. 2000). Dust, odours ... In addition to health issues, ammonia can also be a major source.

  10. 整形美容科继续教育模式的探讨%The research of specialized continuous education model in the department of Plastic and Aes-thetic surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴琳琳; 毕胜; 宋雨健; 曹川; 李世荣

    2015-01-01

    Plastic and Aesthetic surgery is a science which creates beauty by combining know-ledge and art. Combined with the professional characteristics of plastic surgery, we reformed the cur-riculum content and teaching mode of continuous education, including a established interactive theoret-ical learning model based on Journal club, the strengthening of clinical practice integrated with multiple related disciplines, the expanding the knowledge of Sociology, Psychology and Ethics, and the construc-tion of a long-term platform of network resources. Therefore, a comprehensive and specialized continu-ous education model in the department of plastic and aesthetic surgery was ultimately formed, whose preliminary assessment was favorable, and could be helpful in the cultivation of high-quality plastic and aesthetic surgeons in the future.%整形美容外科是一门知识性和艺术性相结合创造美的学科,结合整形美容科的专业特色,有必要改革继续教育课程内容和教学模式。通过建立以Journal club为基础的互动式理论学习,融合多学科交叉性临床实践活动,覆盖医学、美学、心理学、社会学等多领域知识;构建长期网络资源平台,最终形成全面并具专业特色的整形美容科继续教育模式。初步评价良好,为培养适应社会需要的高素质整形美容外科人才做了有益的探索。

  11. [Skin grafting in the treatment of hand burns sequelae in relation to 152 cases. Report from Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospital Ibn Sina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Mazouz, S; Fejjal, N; Hafidi, J; Cherkab, L; Mejjati, H; Belfqih, R; Gharib, N; Abbassi, A

    2010-03-31

    La main est fréquemment exposée aux brûlures, entraînant des séquelles esthétiques et fonctionnelles. Le traitement de ces séquelles est surtout chirurgical et consiste en la greffe de peau, dont le type dépend de la localisation de la brûlure et du type des séquelles. Dans ce travail rétrospectif, nous rapportons une série de 152 cas de brûlures des mains colligés au service de chirurgie plastique du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Ibn-Sina de Rabat sur une période de dix ans, allant de 1998 à 2007. Les indications thérapeutiques dépendent du type de séquelles et de la localisation de la brûlure. En tout, 97 patients ont bénéficié d'une greffe cutanée, dont 76% par greffe de peau totale, 21% par greffe de peau demi-épaisse et 3% par peau fine. Les séquelles des brûlures des mains posent un problème thérapeutique majeur, malgré la diversité des procédés chirurgicaux, d'où l'intérêt de la prévention.

  12. Building Partnerships Between Research Institutions, University Academic Departments, Local School Districts, and Private Enterprise to Advance K-12 Science Education in Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellins, K. K.; Ganey-Curry, P.; Fennell, T.

    2003-12-01

    The University of Texas at Austin Institute for Geophysics (UTIG) is engaged in six K-12 education and outreach programs, including two NSF-sponsored projects--GK-12: Linking Graduate Fellows with K-12 Students and Teachers and Cataclysms and Catastrophes--Texas Teachers in the Field, Adopt-a-School, Geoscience in the Classroom, and UT's Science and Engineering Apprenticeship Program. The GK-12 Program is central to UTIG's effort and links the six education projects together. While the specific objectives of each project differ, the broad goals of UTIG's education and outreach are to provide high-quality professional development for teachers, develop curriculum resources aligned with state and national education standards, and promote interaction between teachers, scientists, graduate students, and science educators. To achieve these goals, UTIG has forged funded partnerships with scientific colleagues at UT's Bureau of Economic Geology, Marine Science Institute and Department of Geological Sciences; science educators at UT's Charles A. Dana Center and in the Department of Curriculum and Instruction in the College of Education; teachers in six Texas independent school districts; and 4empowerment.com, a private education company that established the "Cyberways and Waterways" Web site to integrate technology and education through an environmentally-based curriculum. These partnerships have allowed UTIG to achieve far more than would have been possible through individual projects alone. Examples include the development of more than 30 inquiry-based activities, hosting workshops and a summer institute, and participation in local science fairs. UTIG has expanded the impact of its education and outreach and achieved broader dissemination of learning activities through 4empowerment's web-based programs, which reach ethnically diverse students in schools across Texas. These partnerships have also helped UTIG and 4empowerment to secure additional funding for other education

  13. Problems Related to the Siting of the Laboratory Building for Civil Engineering Department at the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zagroba, Marek

    2016-10-01

    This paper deals with the conditions underlying and the problems arising from the siting of a building with specialist laboratories in a developed part of the university campus in Olsztyn, Poland. The topography of the terrain and the need to house civil engineering laboratories in the planned building had an immense impact on the shape of the building and consequently on its foundations, whose dimensions responded to the ground conditions and the specification of various loads they would have to support, including the equipment for the laboratories. The siting of a building as a step in the construction process entails several problems, which are first taken into consideration at the stage of making preliminary concept plans and are subsequently verified while working on the final construction plan. The required information included geotechnical documentation, survey of the ground conditions and the data regarding the predicted loads on the building, necessary to select the right type of foundations. All these problems grow in importance when dealing with such unique buildings like the discussed example of a laboratory building for the Civil Engineering Department, built on a site within a conservation zone on the campus of the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland. The specific character of the building and the specialist equipment with which it was to be furnished (a resistance testing machine, a 17-meter-long wave flume) necessitated a series of analyses prior to the siting of the building and selecting suitable foundations. In turn, the fact that the new building was to be erected in the conservation zone meant that collaboration with the Heritage Conservation Office had to be undertaken at the stage of making the plan and continued during the construction works. The Heritage Officer's recommendations concerning the building's shape, divisions, dimensions, materials used, etc., created a situation where the team of designers and architects had to

  14. Development of ultrasonography in a radiological university department from 1994 to 2001; Entwicklung der sonographischen Diagnostik in einer Radiologischen Universitaetsklinik von 1994 bis 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krug, B.; Araba, F.; Zaehringer, M. [Inst. und Poliklinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik der Univ. Koeln (Germany); Stuetzer, H. [Inst. fuer Medizinische Statistik, Informatik und Epidemiologie der Univ. Koeln (Germany); Wolters, U. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Viszeral- und Gefaesschirurgie der Univ. Koeln (Germany); Mauch, C. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Dermatologie und Venerologie der Univ. Koeln (Germany); Staib, P. [Klinik I fuer Innere Medizin der Univ. Koeln (Germany); Toex, U.; Steffen, H.M. [Klinik IV fuer Innere Medizin der Univ. Koeln (Germany); Warm, M. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe der Univ. Koeln (Germany); Ghafur, S. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Urologie der Univ. Koeln (Germany); Beuckelmann, D. [Klinik III fuer Innere Medizin der Univ. Koeln (Germany); Koenig, D.P. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Orthopaedie der Univ. Koeln (Germany); Palm, S.; Pritzbuer, E. von; Schrappe, M. [Zentrale Dienstleistungseinrichtung fuer Qualitaetsmanagement (Germany)

    2002-06-01

    Background: In 1994, 5% of a total of 25718 examinations and 7% of all 4630 B-mode sonograms performed in the Radiology Department University of Cologne was classified as not indicated. In light of these results, the health care policy guidelines for sonographic indications have been amended. Purpose: The aim of this study was to establish the current rate of non-indicated sonographic examinations performed in routine diagnostics by radiology departments at university hospitals, to determine the reasons for such over-diagnosis and identify which regulatory mechanisms can be implemented to prevent his. Method: We counted the number of 1) B-mode and 2) color-flow Doppler ultrasound imaging procedures carried out in patients who had had no change in symptoms within the previous 4 weeks or who were scheduled without reference to an existing sonogram (double examinations). 3) The reasons for over-diagnosis were analyzed. 4) The 1994 survey was repeated in 2000 with an identical protocol and 5) additionally, a modified survey of the diagnostic questions was conducted. Results: 1) Out of 4,119 patients presenting for the first time to receive a B-mode sonogram, 443 prior sonograms (11%), 305 CT scans (7%) and 57 MRI scans (1%) were documented. 2) Double sonograms were carried out in 6% of the 1,118 patients presenting for the first time for color-flow Doppler ultrasounds and in 16% of the 651 patients assigned to receive catheter angiographies with arterial color-flow Doppler. (orig.) [German] Hintergrund: Von 4 - 6/94 wurden 5% aller 25718 Untersuchungen und 7% aller 4630 B-Bild-Sonographien des Radiologischen Instituts der Universitaet zu Koeln als nicht indiziert eingestuft. Seitdem aenderten die gesundheitspolitischen Vorgaben das sonographische Indikationsspektrum. Fragestellungen: Wie hoch ist derzeit die Rate nicht indizierter Sonographien in der Routinediagnostik einer Radiologischen Universitaetsklinik? Welche Regulationsmassnahmen bieten sich an? Methode: Die

  15. 1st September 2010 - British Vice-Chancellor, Liverpool University Sir Newby and Lady Newby signing the Guest Book with Head of International Relations F. Pauss; visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with P. Cruikshank; accompanied by Beams Department Head P. Collier and Liverpool University T. Bowcock and P. Allport.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    1st September 2010 - British Vice-Chancellor, Liverpool University Sir Newby and Lady Newby signing the Guest Book with Head of International Relations F. Pauss; visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with P. Cruikshank; accompanied by Beams Department Head P. Collier and Liverpool University T. Bowcock and P. Allport.

  16. Complaining in EFL Learners: Differences of Realizations between Men and Women (A case study of Indonesian EFL learners at the English Department of the Indonesian University of Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Ayu T.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In the society, various studies suggest that the way men and women speak is different. Women are considered to be more polite than men and many assumptions arise to support this idea. By looking at that phenomenon, the reseacher attempts to establish evidences and verification about women’s linguistic behavior in which women are theoretically more polite than men are and to discover more information about the characteristics of men and women by investigating the linguistic features between men and women’s speech act, especially in speech act of complaining. The present study investigates the differences of complaining realizations between Indonesian EFL men and women learners. The subjects were selected from the English Department of the Indonesian University of Education, involving 20 advanced male and female students. Data were collected through an open-ended questionnaire in the form of a Discourse Completion Task and a semi-structured interview. The responses were analyzed based on Trosborg’s (1994 complaint strategies as the main analyzer and Rinnert and Nogami’s (2006 taxonomy of the speech act as a supporting device. The study reveals that there is a difference between men and women in proposing the complaining speech act. The findings revealed that men were the highest users of Direct Accusations while women used Indirect Accusations the most. This present study also found that the use of complaining strategies was more frequently employed by women than by men. Gender as the main focus of this research has been proven to have an influence on the choice of complaining strategies: how the gender of a complainer and a complainee plays a role in deciding the strategy of complaining act. This research has supported previous studies on the subject and contributed to the establishment of the knowledge structures of pragmatics, sociolinguistics, cross cultural understanding and English linguistics in general.Keywords: complaining speech

  17. [Indications, diagnoses and quality markers in upper and lower endoscopies in 2010 and 2011 at the 1st Department of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gönczi, Lóránt; Kürti, Zsuzsanna; Golovics, Petra; Végh, Zsuzsanna; Lovász, Barbara; Dorkó, Andrea; Seres, Anna; Sümegi, Liza; Menyhárt, Orsolya; Kiss, Lajos; Papp, János; Gecse, Krisztina; Lakatos, Péter László

    2016-12-01

    The aim was to assess the incidence of endoscopic findings based on the indication of the procedures in upper/lower endoscopies, and measuring quality indicators of colonoscopies at the 1st Department of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest. Data of 2987 patients (male/female:1361/1626, mean age: 60.7 years(y), SD: 16.7y) between 01.01.2010 and 31.12.2011 were analyzed. Both inpatient and outpatient records were collected. Incidence of peptic ulcer disease, esophageal varices, gastric polyps and gastric cancer were 10.8%, 4.5%, 6.1%, 2.9% in upper endoscopies, respectively. In colonoscopies colorectal polyps, diverticulosis, colorectal cancer and IBD were found in 29.9%, 22.4%, 6.9%, 9.7%, respectively. In patients having upper endoscopy with GI bleeding indication, older age (p<0.001), male gender (p<0.001, OR: 1.64), acenocoumarol/heparin use (p<0,001, peptic ulcers and esophageal varices were more frequent (p<0.001, OR: 2.83 and p<0.001, OR: 2.79), while in colonoscopies colorectal cancer had higher incidence (p<0.001, OR:3.27). 81% of colonoscopies were complete. Causes of incomplete procedures were ineffective bowel preparation (38.2%), technical difficulties (25.1%) and strictures (20.5%). The endoscopic findings and quality indicators (adenoma detection rate, coecal intubation rate) were in line with that reported in published series. Orv. Hetil., 2016, 157(52), 2074-2081.

  18. Addiction research centres and the nurturing of creativity
department of addictive behaviour and addiction medicine, central institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, University of Heidelberg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Karl

    2010-12-01

    Addictive behaviour is as prevalent in Germany as in other western countries, but in contrast to some European countries and the United States, very little money was given to this research field. Change came in the early 1990s, when the German government started to launch specific grants for addiction research. The first chair in addiction research was created in 1999 (Karl Mann) at the Central Institute of Mental Health Mannheim (CIMH; University of Heidelberg). The recruitment of a pre-clinical alcohol researcher as head of the department of psychopharmacology followed (Rainer Spanagel). This 'addiction research cluster' collaborates with several research groups at the CIMH (such as genetics). We inaugurated a clinical trial network which now comprises up to 20 treatment centres throughout Germany. Like most authors, we found effect sizes of different treatment modalities more in the low to moderate range, perhaps because of the heterogeneity of large patient samples. Therefore, we concentrated upon the biological basis of addiction in order to define more homogeneous 'subtypes' of patients for a better match with existing treatments. Results concerning genetics and neuroimaging (both animal and human) are promising, and could move our field towards a more personalized treatment approach. Our funding has been extended over the years, including involvement in several large European grants. We are studying substance-related problems as well as so-called 'behavioural addictions'. As a natural consequence of this development, we are deeply involved both in informing the general public on addiction issues as well as in counselling policy makers in Germany. © 2010 The Author, Addiction © 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  19. THE STUDENTS’ ABILITY IN USING ENGLISH INTONATION AT THE FOURTH SEMESTER STUDENTS OF ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT LANCANG KUNING UNIVERSITY IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2013-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syahdan Syahdan

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The phenomenon found from this research was the students did not know how topronounce appropriate intonation in speaking context because they did not realize thefunction of intonation that different intonation have different meaning. The purpose of theresearch was found out the students' ability In Using English Intonation at the FourthSemester Students of English Education Department Lancang Kuning University inAcademic Year 2013-2014. Type of the research was cross-sectional survey design aiming tobe an evaluation program. The sample of this research consisted of 27 students. Theinstrument used in this research was test. In collecting data, the researcher tested them dealtwith sentences or expression of simple patterns of English intonation namely falling andrising intonation. The data gained was analyzed by using descriptive statistics.Moreover, thefinding of the research showed that total of students’ score was 2110, the mean score was 78,mode of the students’ score was 70, median of students’ score was 75, variance of thestudents’ score was 57.33 and standard deviation of the students’ score was 7.57. The rangescore from lowest score 70 to highest score 95 was 25 points. After analyzing the data, thevariety of data was categorized into homogenous and the range of score was categorized intolow score or could be said that the mean score was representative. Then mean score ofstudents was categorized into good level based on grade course of phonology, score 70-79was categorized into good level or got score B. Inbrief, the students’ ability in using Englishintonation (simple patterns of English intonation was categorized into “Good level”.Therefore, the findings of this research would be useful for the Phonology’s lecturer asevaluated in teaching program.Key Words: Ability, Phonology, English Intonation

  20. Binder syndrome: Clinical findings and surgical treatment of 18 patients at the Department of Plastic Surgery in Polanica Zdrój.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drozdowski, Piotr H; Łątkowski, Ireneusz; Zachara, Mateusz G; Wójcicki, Piotr

    2017-01-01

    Binder syndrome (BS) is an uncommon congenital underdevelopment of the maxilla and nasal skeleton. Other clinical features include a hypoplastic or absent anterior nasal spine; a short, flat nose with short columella; an acute nasolabial angle; a convex upper lip and class III malocclusion. The aim of the study was to outline the major characteristics of BS and to present a variety of surgical treatment methods. The study included 18 patients treated in the authors' department from 1989 to 2013. The patients were predominantly women, aged 6 months to 34 years. Nine patients did not present any co-morbidities, but in the other 9 the most common co-morbidities were a unilateral cleft lip and palate, followed by a cleft palate, a bilateral cleft lip and palate, a cleft lip, GERD, gluten intolerance, oligophrenia, goiter and foot malformation. Most of the patients had not been operated on previously. The most common procedure carried out was an iliac crest bone graft. In 4 patients, no procedures other than cleft lip and palate repair were undertaken. In 3 cases a Le Fort I osteotomy was performed to correct the patients' orthognathic status. No major or life-threating complications were noted. In 2 cases, due to a high degree of resorption of bone grafts, multiple secondary grafting of bone, cartilage and deepithelialized skin was necessary to obtain satisfactory results. In BS surgical treatment is the treatment of choice. It results in adequate correction of facial retrusion. However, due to various degrees of bone resorption, the results are not lifelong. No unequivocally superior surgical strategy in BS has been presented so far. Most disagreement among authors is related to the need for and timing of maxillary osteotomy, the choice between bone and cartilage grafting in nose reconstruction and columella lengthening. Although alloplastic materials offer the tempting advantage of fast and simultaneous augmentation of deficient tissues, their use may risk prolonged

  1. Surgery Risk Assessment (SRA) Database

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Surgery Risk Assessment (SRA) database is part of the VA Surgical Quality Improvement Program (VASQIP). This database contains assessments of selected surgical...

  2. Global surgical oncology disease burden: addressing disparities via global surgery initiatives: the University of Michigan International Breast Cancer Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiagge, Evelyn; Bensenhaver, Jessica M; Oppong, Joseph K; Awuah, Baffour; Newman, Lisa A

    2015-03-01

    Disparities in breast cancer incidence and outcome between African American and white American women are multifactorial in etiology. The increased frequency of triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) in African American patients suggests the possible contribution of hereditary factors related to African ancestry. The University of Michigan (UM)-Komfo Anoyke Teaching Hospital (KATH) Breast Cancer Research Collaborative and International Breast Registry was established in 2004. It features epidemiologic information, tumor tissue, and germline DNA specimens from African American, white American, and Ghanaian women. This research collaborative has generated valuable findings regarding the pathogenesis and patterns of TNBC while concomitantly improving the standard of breast oncology care in Ghana. This partnership has also yielded important opportunities for academic and educational exchange. It has expanded to involve other sites in Africa and Haiti. The UM-KATH collaborative is a model for demonstrating the research and academic exchange value of international partnerships.

  3. The Effect of Using a Program Based on Cooperative Learning Strategy on Developing some Oral Communication Skills of Students, at English Department, Faculty of Education, Sana'a University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuheer, Khaled Mohsen Mohammed

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of study is to investigate the effective of using a cooperative learning strategy STAD-based program on developing some oral communication skills of second level students, English Department, Faculty of Education, Sana'a University. Based on literature review, related studies and a panel of jury members' point of view, a list of 5 oral…

  4. Bayer Facts of Science Education XV: A View from the Gatekeepers--STEM Department Chairs at America's Top 200 Research Universities on Female and Underrepresented Minority Undergraduate STEM Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Diversity and the underrepresentation of women, African-Americans, Hispanics and American Indians in the nation's science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields are the subjects of the XV: A View from the Gatekeepers--STEM Department Chairs at America's Top 200 Research Universities on Female and Underrepresented Minority…

  5. The first American textbook of surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smythe, W Roy

    2003-04-01

    The first systematic textbook of surgery written in the United States, The Elements of Surgery, was completed in 1813 by John Syng Dorsey, a University of Pennsylvania surgeon. The work thoroughly covered all major clinical areas of surgery of that time in a two-volume, 797-page text. Subsequent editions were published in 1818, 1823, and 1831. It became the standard surgical textbook in this country during that era and was the first American medical text exported abroad for use at the more established European centers of medical education. The reasons for writing the text included a desire to put into print the teachings of Philip Syng Physick (first Chair of the Department of Surgery at the University of Pennsylvania, and Dorsey's uncle), the new American nationalism, and socioeconomic pressures forced on the American publishing industry by the War of 1812 and preceding trade embargoes. In addition to extensive exposure to Physick, Dorsey was also uniquely qualified to write and illustrate this text, as he exhibited an unusually succinct style and was a remarkable medical artist. The book was the forerunner to William Gibson's The Institutes and Practice of Surgery and all American surgical textbooks to follow.

  6. 综合护理对妇产科患者术后疼痛的效果观察%The Observation of the Comprehensive Nursing for the Pain of Patients in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology After Surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫艳玲

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨综合护理对妇产科患者术后疼痛的改善效果。方法选取我院从2013年1月~2014年1月所收治的260例妇产科患者作为临床研究对象,将所有患者随机分为护理组和对照组两组,对照组患者采用常规护理措施,护理组患者采用综合护理措施。评价两组患者的术后疼痛情况,以评价护理效果。结果护理组患者0级率为36.2%,对照组为15.4%;护理组患者3级率为1.5%,对照组为18.5%。两组比较,差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论综合护理干预能对妇产科手术患者的术后疼痛有较好的缓解,促进患者的快速康复。%Objective To investigate the effect of the comprehensive nursing for the pain of patients in the department of obstetrics and gynecology after surgery. Methods 260 patients who had been treated in the department of obstetrics and gynecology from January, 2013 to January, 2014 were selected as research objects. They were divided into nursing group and control group. Traditional nursing was given to control group. Comprehensive nursing was given to nursing group. The postoperative pain was observed. Results The 0 level in nursing group was 36.2% and it was 15.4% in control group. The 3 level in nursing group was 1.5% and it was 18.5% in control group. By contrast, the variation in scores had statistical significance (P<0.05) . Conclusion Comprehensive nursing for the pain of patients in the department of obstetrics and gynecology after surgery can relieve postoperative pain and promote a rapid recovery.

  7. Predictors of willingness to undergo elective musculoskeletal surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gandhi R

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Rajiv Gandhi,1,2 Anthony V Perruccio,1,3 Y Raja Rampersaud1,21Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, 2Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 3Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Ontario, CanadaPurpose: Knowledge of what influences patients’ willingness to undergo elective orthopedic surgery is vital to the patient shared decision-making process. We sought to document the prevalence and identify the predictors of unwillingness to undergo surgery among a cohort of hip/knee, foot/ankle, neck/back, and hip/knee patients.Patients and methods: Patient demographics and information on patient health status, perceptions of risk and success of surgery, and willingness to undergo surgery were collected. Sequential logistic regression models were used to investigate the influence of the captured variables on willingness to undergo surgery.Results: Overall, 392 (20% of 1946 participants reported being unwilling to undergo or unsure about undergoing (“unwilling/unsure” surgery if it was offered to them. From adjusted analyses, low income and non-White ethnicity were associated with a greater likelihood of being unwilling/unsure. Compared with hip/knee patients, neck/back patients were more likely to report being unwilling/unsure (odds ratio: 1.90 [95% confidence interval: 1.36, 265]; no differences were found between the remaining anatomical groups. However, when perceptions of risk and success were additionally considered, the influence for the neck/back cohort was significantly attenuated. Foot/ankle and elbow/shoulder patients were found to be significantly less likely to report unwillingness when perceptions were considered.Conclusion: In addition to demographic/economic influences, perceptions of surgical risk and success play a critical role in patients’ willingness to undergo surgery.Keywords: risk perception, orthopedic surgery

  8. Risk factors associated with postoperative pain after ophthalmic surgery: a prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesin M

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Mladen Lesin,1,* Mirna Dzaja Lozo,1,* Zeljka Duplancic-Sundov,1 Ivana Dzaja,1 Nikolina Davidovic,2 Adriana Banozic,3 Livia Puljak3 1Department of Ophthalmology, 2Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Split, 3Laboratory for Pain Research, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Risk factors associated with postoperative pain intensity and duration, as well as consumption of analgesics after ophthalmic surgery are poorly understood. Methods: A prospective study was conducted among adults (N=226 who underwent eye surgery at the University Hospital Split, Croatia. A day before the surgery, the patients filled out questionnaires assessing personality, anxiety, pain catastrophizing, sociodemographics were given and details about the procedure, anesthesia, and analgesia for each postoperative day. All scales were previously used for the Croatian population. The intensity of pain was measured using a numerical rating scale from 0 to 10, where 0 was no pain and 10 was the worst imaginable pain. The intensity of pain was measured before the surgery and then 1 hour, 3 hours, 6 hours, and 24 hours after surgery, and then once a day until discharge from the hospital. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Results: A multivariate analysis indicated that independent predictors of average pain intensity after the surgery were: absence of premedication before surgery, surgery in general anesthesia, higher pain intensity before surgery and pain catastrophizing level. Independent predictors of postoperative pain duration were intensity of pain before surgery, type of anesthesia, and self-assessment of health. Independent predictors of pain intensity ≥5 during the first 6 hours after the procedure were the type of procedure, self-assessment of health, premedication, and the level of pain catastrophizing. Conclusion: Awareness about independent predictors associated

  9. ANALYSIS OF MOTIVATION, EXPECTATIONS ATTAINMENT AND SATISFACTION OF GRADUATE STUDENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY, UNIVERSITY OF SÃO PAULO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Santos Arini

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Aspects such as motivation, attainment of the expectations and satisfaction of students have been the target of studies aimed at improving teaching. Investigate the perception of graduate students and their experiences, as they progress in educational programs, provides data that can help improve these programs and support services. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at analyzing the motivation, attainment of the expectations and satisfaction of graduate students in the Department of Biochemistry at the University of São Paulo regarding their own training as scientists and/or teachers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected on October and November 2015, through the application of a questionnaire composed of three major categories: motivation, attainment of the expectations and satisfaction, and twelve subcategories: extrinsic, intrinsic and influenced by the environment motivation; attainment of expectations; satisfaction with the project; courses; scholarship; supervision; work environment; workload; deadlines; formation. The results were validated through Cronbach's Alpha (greater than 0,7 and the item-total correlation index, larger than 0.2 in all items of the questionnaire. DISCUSSION AND RESULTS: Extrinsic motivation of students is strongly influenced by the perspective of progress in career (more than 65%. Intrinsic motivation is influenced by the aspiration to become scientists (85.4%, learn more about their work (94.3% and contribute to the construction of Science (83.1%. The motivation influenced by the environment affects these students for the high productivity of the program (69.7%, the solid education it offers (84.3% and its reputation (74.1%. The program has met the students’ expectations (72%; they are satisfied with their project (77.6%, with the courses (62.5%, and the supervision received (76.4%, with the work environment (83.2% intralaboratory; 64.1% extralaboratory, with the deadlines (over 61% and formation

  10. Counselor-Versus Provider-Based HIV Screening in the Emergency Department: Results From the Universal Screening for HIV Infection in the Emergency Room (USHER) Randomized Controlled Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walensky, Rochelle P.; Reichmann, William M.; Arbelaez, Christian; Wright, Elizabeth; Katz, Jeffrey N.; Seage, George R.; Safren, Steven A.; Hare, Anna Q.; Novais, Anna; Losina, Elena

    2012-01-01

    Objective We compare rates of rapid HIV testing, test offer, and acceptance in an urban emergency department (ED) when conducted by dedicated HIV counselors versus current members of the ED staff. Methods The Universal Screening for HIV Infection in the Emergency Room [USHER] trial is a prospective randomized controlled trial that implemented an HIV screening program in the ED of an urban tertiary medical center. ED patients were screened and consented for trial enrollment by an USHER research assistant. Eligible subjects were randomized to rapid HIV testing (oral OraQuick) offered by a dedicated counselor (counselor arm) or by an ED provider (provider arm). In the counselor arm, counselors—without other clinical responsibilities—assumed nearly all testing-related activities (consent, counseling, delivery of test results). In the provider arm, trained ED emergency service assistants (nursing assistants) consented and tested the participant in the context of other ED-related responsibilities. In this arm, ED house officers, physician assistants, or attending physicians provided HIV test results to trial participants. Outcome measures were rates of HIV testing and test offer among individuals consenting for study participation. Among individuals offered the test, test acceptance was also measured. Results From February 2007 through July 2008, 8,187 eligible patients were approached in the ED, and 4,855 (59%) consented and were randomized to trial participation. The mean age was 37 years, 65% were women, and 42% were white. The overall testing rate favored the counselor arm (57% versus 27%; P < .001); 80% (1,959/2,446) of subjects in the counselor arm were offered an HIV test compared with 36% (861/2,409) in the provider arm (P < .001). HIV test acceptance was slightly higher in the provider arm (counselor arm 71% versus provider arm 75%; P = .025). Conclusion Routine rapid HIV testing in the ED was accomplished more frequently by dedicated HIV counselors than by

  11. The Needs Assessment in order to develop the Service of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center, Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance, the Faculty of Education, Mahasarakham University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaiporn Pongpisanrat

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore the needs assessment in order to develop the service of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center, Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance, the Faculty of Education, Mahasarakham University. This study aimed to compare the realistic service and the desirable service, as well as, to explore the directions to improve the service of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center among the service recipients based on their gender, age range, and field of studies. A total sample of 150 participants were service recipients; college students, lecturers, staff during the first semester academic year 2014 until the first semester academic year 2015. The instruments used included: the Questionnaire on needs assessment of the development of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center, and a focus group discussion. Frequency distribution, percentage, means, standard deviation, and variance were used to analyze the data. The needs assessment results showed as follows: 1 Overall the realistic basis of Psychological Lab and Counseling Center service was in an “above level of needs” while “the highest level of needs” was found in the desirable qualification. After having divided into categories, the result yielded an “above level” on the realistic basis of the counselor characteristics, task planning, and facility arrangement. For the desired qualification, the results showed that the needs on the counselors’ characteristics, task planning, and facility arrangement were identified as at a highest level of needs. 2 No differences were found on the realistic basis needs of the clients, the services provided, gender, and age range of the clients although they responded differently to the questionnaire. The clients who responded to the questionnaire from different field of studies showed the different needs of services provided in the realistic basis significantly at the level of .05 in which the General Sciences

  12. Thyroid Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Fax/Phone Home » Thyroid Surgery Leer en Español Thyroid Surgery GENERAL INFORMATION Your doctor may recommend that ... made in conjunction with your endocrinologist and surgeon. Thyroid Surgery FAQs QUESTIONS AND CONSIDERATIONS When thyroid surgery ...

  13. Plastic Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Surgery? A Week of Healthy Breakfasts Shyness Plastic Surgery KidsHealth > For Teens > Plastic Surgery Print A A ... forehead lightened with a laser? What Is Plastic Surgery? Just because the name includes the word "plastic" ...

  14. 急诊医护人员行清创缝合术遭受工作场所暴力的防范与应对%The prevention and response of emergency department workplace violence while performing debridement surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄俊; 傅保国; 贺喜元; 李艾华; 王莉; 冯烨; 胡成

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To explore the prevention and response effect of workplace violence(WPV) when emergency department medical personal performing debridement surgery. Methods: Combine with the threatened violence evaluation system (STAMP), adopt preventive measures against workplace violence in response to violence induced by patients and family members during debridement surgery, analyze the incidence rate before and after the implementation of measures. Results: Work violence rate fell to 0.40% from 1.30% before the implementation, the difference was statistically signiifcant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Targeted measures should be created to high-risk population, particularly focusing on early identiifcation, prevention, and improve service quality.%目的:评价急诊医护人员施行清创缝合术时发生工作场所暴力的防范与应对效果。方法:结合工作场所暴力先兆评价工具(STAMP)制定工作场所暴力防范措施以应对在急诊行清创缝合术患者及其家属主导的工作场所暴力,分析比较实施防范措施前、后暴力发生率。结果:急诊行清创缝合术患者及其家属暴力发生率由实施前的1.30%下降至0.40%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:应对急诊清创缝合术暴力的发生要针对高危人群制定针对性措施,重在早期识别、预防和提高服务质量。

  15. Study on the Effect of Medical Cooperation for Nursing in Department of General Surgery%医护合作健康应用于医院普外科护理效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽琼; 龙文华

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the medical health cooperative mode in general surgery nursing clinical ef ect.Methods Department of general surgery in our hospital,300 cases of patients were randomly divided into the number of the two groups,respectively adopt the health care cooperation mode and regular periodic health education model.Compare two groups of patients before discharge to disease the master degree of knowledge and compliance of medical staf charged after discharge.Results Two groups of patients after health education on knowledge situation,the degree of satisfaction with education,dif erences in the two groups have statistical significance.Conclusion The medical cooperation mode is worth popularizing more widely in clinical.%目的探究医护合作健康模式在普外科护理中的临床效果。方法选择收治我院普外科的300例患者,随机分为数目对的两组,分别采用医护合作健康模式和常规阶段性健康教育模式。比较两组患者出院前对疾病知识的掌握程度和出院后对医护人员嘱咐的依从性。结果在健康教育后两组患者对知识的了解情况、对教育的满意程度等方面两组的差异具有统计学意义。结论医护合作的模式值得更广的推广于临床。

  16. Reducing infection risk in implant-based breast-reconstruction surgery: challenges and solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Ooi ASH; Song DH

    2016-01-01

    Adrian SH Ooi,1,2 David H Song1 1Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences, Chicago, IL, USA; 2Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore Abstract: Implant-based procedures are the most commonly performed method for ­postmastectomy breast reconstruction. While donor-site morbidity is low, these procedures are associated with a higher risk of reconstructive loss. Many of...

  17. [Science and research in academic plastic surgery in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giunta, R E; Machens, H-G

    2009-12-01

    Plastic surgery has passed through a very positive evolution in the last decades on the solid fundament of constantly developing academic plastic surgery. Aim of this paper is an objective evaluation of the current status of academic plastic surgery regarding research topics, currently available ressources and scientific outcome based on a questionnaire. The return rate of the questionnaire in academic departments was 92%. Main topics in research besides wound healing were topics from regenerative medicine such as tissue engineering, biomaterials, genetherapy and angiogenesis with the main focus on skin and fat tissues. In the past five years a total of 25 million Euros of third party research grants were raised. Research relied mainly on interdisciplinary research facilities. Regarding the scientific outcome more than 200 scientific papers were published in basic science research journals having an impactfactor higher than two. These results clearly demonstrate that plastic surgery is scientifically highly productive in academic surroundings where independent departments are established. Considering that independent units of plastic surgery exist in a relatively small number of all 36 university hospitals in germany, it has to be claimed for further independent departments so to provide adequate research facilities for further evolution of academic plastic surgery.

  18. Law-Based Degree Programs in Business and Their Departments: What's in a Name? (A Comprehensive Study of Undergraduate Law-Based Degrees in AACSB-Accredited Universities)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Carol J.; Crain, Susan J.

    2007-01-01

    This study examines undergraduate law-based degree programs in the 404 U.S. universities with undergraduate degrees in business that had Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) accreditation in 2005. University Web sites were used to identify and compare law-based undergraduate programs inside business to law-related programs…

  19. Resource Endowments and Responses to Regulatory Pressure: Publications of Economics, Management, and Political Science Departments of Turkish Universities in Indexed Journals, 2000-2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onder, Cetin; Kasapoglu-Onder, Rana

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates how differences in resource endowments of universities shape variation in their response to regulatory pressures. Earlier research on higher education institutions tends to conceive regulatory rules as the primary basis of action and does not attend to differences in the salient characteristics of universities. This paper…

  20. 综合医院脊柱外科门诊患者心理状况调查研究%Survey on psychologic status in outpatients of spinal surgery department in a general hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆刚; 李幼辉; 王利民; 郭慧荣; 李峥

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨综合医院脊柱外科门诊患者的心理状况,并通过分组探讨患者术前心理情况,为开展心理干预提供依据.方法 采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)调查了综合医院104例脊柱外科门诊患者,并将其中确诊准备手术的患者纳入准备手术组,其余为非准备手术组.结果 被调查患者的躯体化、强迫状态、抑郁、焦虑、敌对5个因子分的得分均显著高于常模(P<0.01).而其中准备手术组的躯体化、强迫状态、抑郁、焦虑、恐怖5个因子的得分均显著高于非准备手术组(P<0.01).结论 脊柱外科患者伴发心理障碍并不少见,尤其是准备手术治疗的患者,建议在传统药物及手术治疗疾病的同时合并心理治疗.%Objective To discuss the psychological status of outpatients in spinal surgery depart-ment and to survey the influence of preoperative psychologic on the patients after divided them into two groups, and to supply data for psychological - social intervention. Methods Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL -90) were used in 104 outpatients which were divided into the ready operation group and the non -ready op-eration group. Results All the patiens gained obviously more scores in the somatization factor, obsession factor, depression factor, anxiety factor, and hostility factor than norm (P < 0.01) . The somatization factor score, obsessive factor score, depressive factor score, anxious factor score and phobic anxiety factor score of the ready operation group were significantly higher than non - ready operation group (P < 0.01). Conclu-sions Patients of spinal surgery suffer psychological disorders, especially for the ready operation patiens. We suggest that biological treatment should combine with psychological intervention.

  1. Integrated bariatric surgery residency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eltorai AE

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Adam EM Eltorai Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, RI, USA Abstract: Obesity is a major public health concern. Given its lasting efficacy for improving obesity and obesity-related diseases, bariatric surgery is an increasingly common treatment option. As the implementation of the Affordable Care Act progresses, the impending physician shortage will become more severe. Thus there will be an even greater need for doctors specialized in the management and treatment of obese patients. The development of integrated bariatric surgery residency programs could be considered and is discussed herein. Keywords: obesity, bariatric surgery, integrated residency, surgery education

  2. Organ retention and communication of research use following medico-legal autopsy: a pilot survey of university forensic medicine departments in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsujimura-Ito, Takako; Inoue, Yusuke; Yoshida, Ken-ichi

    2014-09-01

    This study investigated the circumstances and problems that departments of forensic medicine encounter with bereaved families regarding samples obtained from medico-legal autopsies. A questionnaire was posted to all 76 departments of forensic medicine performing medico-legal autopsies in Japan, and responses were received from 48 (63.2%). Of the respondents, 12.8% had approached and communicated with bereaved families about collecting samples from the deceased person during an autopsy and the storage of the samples. In addition, 23.4% of these had informed families that samples might be used in research. Eighteen departments had received enquiries and requests from families about the samples, with most requests concerning their return. The response to such requests varied according to the department. Few departments interacted with the bereaved families regarding the procedure for obtaining autopsy samples, and their methods for handling family concerns differed depending on the person within the department authorised to contact the family. Moreover, the procedures for engaging in such communication have long been unclear, and no legal or ethical consensus or agreement with the general public has been established. It is important for researchers to further discuss the correct way for forensic medicine departments to communicate with bereaved families.

  3. Prophylactic application of antibiotics in general surgery department during perioperative period%普外科围手术期预防性应用抗菌药物分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶珠峰; 马忠才; 李兴艳; 朱德刚; 韦中盛

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解医院普外科围手术期抗菌药物预防性使用情况,分析存在问题,为合理使用抗菌药物提供参考依据.方法 采用回顾性调查方法,收集病例,对抗菌药物应用情况进行统计分析.结果 调查189例患者,共181例预防性应用抗菌药物,占95.8%,其中Ⅰ类手术切口24例,抗菌药物使用16例,使用率66.7%;Ⅱ、Ⅲ类切口139例和26例,使用率均为100.0%;抗菌药物联合用药中各型切口均以二联为主,Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ型切口二联用药分别为11、120、24例,使用率分别为68.8%、86.3%、92.3%;Ⅰ类切口用药时间不规范术前4例,术后无不规范例数;Ⅱ类切口用药时间不规范术前20例、术后11例;Ⅲ类切口类切口用药时间不规范术前26例、术后20例;抗菌药物联合用药中各型切口均以二联为主;189例手术患者使用例次最多的是第三代头孢菌素,占30.5%,其次是第二代头孢占菌素22.1%;在选用抗菌药物时,经验用药占89.0%,根据病菌培养具体用药占11.0%.结论 医院普外科围手术期预防性抗菌药物应用类别的选择符合要求,在联合用药指征、给药时机和疗程方面仍存在不合理现象,需要进一步的规范抗菌药物应用.%OBJECTIVE To learn the status of prophylactic use of antimicrobial agents in general surgery department during the perioperative period and analyze the existing problems so as to provide reference for the reasonable use of antibiotics. METHODS By means of retrospective survey, the cases were collected and the statistical analysis of antibiotic application was performed. RESULTS Of 189 patients investigated, there were 181 (95. 8%) patients with the prophylactic antimicrobial agents, including 24 cases of type Ⅰ incision, 139 cases of type Ⅱ incision,and 26 cases of type Ⅲ incision. There were 16 of 24(66. 7%)patients with type Ⅰ incision who used antibiotics. The utilization rates of the patients

  4. Application and effects of the management procedure of pressure ulcer prevention in thoracic surgery departments%胸外科预防压疮管理流程的应用及效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丛萍; 杨晓平; 李满平; 雷冰

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the effects of the management procedure of pressure ulcers prevention applied in thoracic surgery departments. Methods A total of 3,456 patients were enrolled and the pressure ulcers management procedure was applied. Multiple measures for preventing pressure ulcers were adopted, and the incidence of pressure ulcers was monitored. Results A total of 3,300 cases with low risk for pressure ulcer did not occur pressure ulcer. Among 156 cases with high risk for pressure ulcer,5 cases got phase Ⅰ of pressure ulcer and 2 cases had phase Ⅱ of pressure ulcer,which were successfully cured after symptomatic treatments. Conclusion Application of the management procedure of pressure ulcer prevention can effectively reduce the incidence of pressure ulcer in thoracic surgical departments, and alleviate the level of pressure ulcer.%目的 探讨胸外科预防压疮管理流程的应用效果.方法 对3 456例胸外科患者实施预防压疮管理流程,通过采取不同的措施进行压疮防治,观察患者压疮的发生率.结果 3 300例患者未发生压疮,156例高危患者发生难免性压疮Ⅰ期5例,Ⅱ期2例,经对症处理均顺利痊愈.结论 采用预防压疮管理流程,有效地降低了胸外科患者压疮的发生率,减轻了压疮程度.

  5. [Treatment of lip cancer, material from the Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology, Medical College of Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaźmierczak, Henryk; Pujanek, Zuzanna; Kaźmierczak, Wojciech; Kochan, Jerzy

    2014-01-01

    The subject of this study is methods and results of treatment of 21 cases of lip cancer between 2007 and 2012, which included 15 men and 6 women, aged 48-63. In 18 cases it was squamous cell carcinoma, in other 3 basocellulare carcinoma. Of the hospitalized patients the following clinical stages were found: T1 - five, T2 - five, T3 - seven, T4 - four. We operated with several techniques, we performed: V-incision and surgery according to the Webster - one patient, Rutkowski - four, Estlander - four, Karpandzic - three; in the treatment of cancer of upper lip the frontal flap was used. Fourteen patients underwent selective or modified lymph node operation. Five patients appeared local recurrence, 3 of them died due to metastases to multiply organs. Six operated patients did not continue oncological treatment, their subsequent fate is unknown. The remaining 10 patients remained under observation. The results indicate the need of extensive resection of the limph node in case of recurrence and the necessity of implementing selective or radical nodal surgery in the early stages of cancer. Copyright © 2013 Polish Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society. Published by Elsevier Urban & Partner Sp. z.o.o. All rights reserved.

  6. Susceptible factors for nosocomial infections in patients of department of spine surgery and nursing countermeasures%脊柱外科患者医院感染因素分析及护理对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫桂虹; 张培红; 程慧玲; 郭江雪

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the susceptible factors for nosocomial infections in hospitalized patients of department of spine surgery and formulate the strategies for prevention and control of nosocomial infections, METHODS The nosocomial infections in hospitalized patients admitted in department of spine surgery during Jan 2006-Dec 2010 was statistically analyzed. RESULTS Among 4057 hospitalized patients, nosocomial infections occurred in 282 cases, 314 case-times in total, the infection rate was 6.95%, and the case-time infection rate was 7.74%; among various primary diseases, the incidence of nosocomial infections was 11, 8% in fractures and dislocations and 5. 22% in degenerative changes ;the main sites with nosocomial infections were lower respiratory tract (35. 67%) , urinary tract (30, 57%) , and upper respiratory tract (14. 01%); the correlative factors for nosocomial infections included the age, length of hospital stay, the severity of paraplegia, surgery and invasive operations(P<10. 01), CONCLUSION It is necessary to formulate the corresponding strategies for prevention and control according to the susceptible factors for nosocomial infections; to strengthen the basic nursing care and strict aseptic operation and hand hygiene can decrease the incidence of nosocomial infections.%目的 探讨脊柱外科患者发生医院感染的相关因素,制定预防与控制医院感染的对策.方法 对2006年1月-2010年12月脊柱外科医院感染患者的情况进行统计分析.结果 4057例住院患者中发生医院感染282例、314例次,医院感染率6.95%、例次感染率7.74%;不同原发疾病中骨折脱位、退行性改变的感染率为11.80%、5.22%;感染部位主要为下呼吸道、泌尿道、上呼吸道,分别占35.67%、30.57%、14.01%;医院感染与患者年龄、住院时间、截瘫程度、手术及侵入性操作有关(P<0.01).结论 针对引发医院感染的相关因素采取相应的预防和控制对策,加

  7. Epidemiologic and Bacteriologic Study of the Burned Patients from the Plastic Surgery Department of the County Emergency Hospital of Ploieşti, over a 4 Years Period (2010-2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zbuchea, A; Racasan, O; Falca, V; Mitache, C; Vladescu, C

    2015-01-01

    This study analyses the epidemiologic data and the bacteriologic results of a total number of 759 burned patients, which were treated and discharged from the Plastic Surgery Department of the County Emergency Hospital of Ploiesti, between 01 01 2010 and 31 12 2013. The investigated parameter shave been: age and gender distribution, rural or urban population, burn etiology, total burn surface area (TBSA),TBSA, location and depth of lesions, therapeutic management,length of hospital stay, types of bacteria isolated from the infected wounds and their sensitivity to antibiotics, patients' mortality. The statistical analysis revealed the following results: mean age 51.33 ± 18.44 years, male/female ratio 1.35/1, rural/urban ratio 1.34/1, most common etiologies were scalds (44.8%) and flames (37.6%), mean TBSA 7.7 ± 8.4%, main locations were the extremities, splitthickness skin grafting in 15% of the patients, hospital stay 15.57 ± 13.84 days, main bacteria isolated were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (26.3%) and Staphylococcus aureus (22.9%), mortality rate 0.13%. The best methods to decrease the burn morbidity are the burn and infection prevention, for which several measures are discussed.

  8. The Kleine-Levin Syndrome: A Rare Disease with Often Delayed Diagnosis—A Report of Two Cases in the Department of Neurology of the University Hospital of Cocody (Côte d'Ivoire)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assi, Berthe; Yapo-Ehounoud, Constance; Baby, Mohamed Ben Allaoui; Aka-Diarra, Evelyne; Amon-Tanoh, Muriel; Tanoh, Christian

    2016-01-01

    The Kleine-Levin syndrome is a rare pathology characterized by recurrent episodes of hypersomnia associated with behavioral and cognitive disorders with, among others, hyperphagia and hypersexuality. The disease mainly affects young males. A few studies mention cases that occurred in Africa, especially in Côte d'Ivoire. In this paper, we report the very first two cases observed in the Neurology Department of the University Hospital of Cocody. The diagnosis was clinical, based on the recurrence of hypersomnia, cognitive and behavioral disorders during the periods of hypersomnia, and the return of patients to normal state between episodes. This diagnosis was delayed due to failure to understand the pathology, thereby leading patients to wandering. In fact, the two patients were consulted, respectively, 3 years and 6 years after the hypersomnia began. The objective was to report the very first cases observed in the Neurology Department of the University Hospital of Cocody, Côte d'Ivoire. PMID:26989535

  9. The Kleine-Levin Syndrome: A Rare Disease with Often Delayed Diagnosis—A Report of Two Cases in the Department of Neurology of the University Hospital of Cocody (Côte d’Ivoire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berthe Assi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Kleine-Levin syndrome is a rare pathology characterized by recurrent episodes of hypersomnia associated with behavioral and cognitive disorders with, among others, hyperphagia and hypersexuality. The disease mainly affects young males. A few studies mention cases that occurred in Africa, especially in Côte d’Ivoire. In this paper, we report the very first two cases observed in the Neurology Department of the University Hospital of Cocody. The diagnosis was clinical, based on the recurrence of hypersomnia, cognitive and behavioral disorders during the periods of hypersomnia, and the return of patients to normal state between episodes. This diagnosis was delayed due to failure to understand the pathology, thereby leading patients to wandering. In fact, the two patients were consulted, respectively, 3 years and 6 years after the hypersomnia began. The objective was to report the very first cases observed in the Neurology Department of the University Hospital of Cocody, Côte d’Ivoire.

  10. Urogenital Reconstructive Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Lotte Kaasgaard

    Urogenital reconstructive surgery Lotte Kaasgaard Jakobsen1 Professor Henning Olsen1 Overlæge Gitte Hvistendahl1 Professor Karl-Erik Andersson2 1 – Dept. of Urology, Aarhus University Hospital 2 – Dept. of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Aarhus University hospital Background: Congenital obstruction...

  11. Implementation of Main Statements of Educational Plan in the Elective Course “Endodontic Techniques in Pediatric Dentistry” for the Sub-Interns at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University

    OpenAIRE

    Kostyuk, I. R.

    2014-01-01

    The article demonstrates the method of implementation of the main statements of educational plan in the elective course “Endodontic techniques in Pediatric Dentistry” for the dental sub-interns at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University. We have developed and adapted for use in higher medical institutions an educational-and-methodological complex based on the typical program that will provide training future European professionals. The practical le...

  12. Waldemar Wilhelm: father of oral and maxillofacial surgery in Colombia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro-Núñez, Jaime

    2011-01-01

    Waldemar Wilhelm (1913-1994) was honored by the Asociación Colombiana de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial (Colombian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery) as the Father of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Colombia. Born in Karlsruhe, Germany, Wilhelm graduated as a dentist from Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in 1936. He emigrated shortly thereafter to Colombia, receiving his dental license there in 1943. He completed his oral and maxillofacial surgery training at Nordwestdeutsche Kieferklinic, under the tutelage of Prof. Dr. Dr. Karl Schuchardt in Hamburg. In 1950, he settled in Bogotá, where he joined the Universidad Nacional School of Dentistry, opened Colombia's first oral and maxillofacial surgery department at Hospital San José, and trained the first maxillofacial surgeons in Colombia in 1958.

  13. Challenges of pain control and the role of the ambulatory pain specialist in the outpatient surgery setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vadivelu N

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Nalini Vadivelu,1 Alice M Kai,2 Vijay Kodumudi,3 Jack M Berger4 1Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 2Stony Brook University School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY, 3Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 4Department of Anesthesiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA Abstract: Ambulatory surgery is on the rise, with an unmet need for optimum pain control in ambulatory surgery centers worldwide. It is important that there is a proportionate increase in the availability of acute pain-management services to match the rapid rise of clinical patient load with pain issues in the ambulatory surgery setting. Focus on ambulatory pain control with its special challenges is vital to achieve optimum pain control and prevent morbidity and mortality. Management of perioperative pain in the ambulatory surgery setting is becoming increasingly complex, and requires the employment of a multimodal approach and interventions facilitated by ambulatory surgery pain specialists, which is a new concept. A focused ambulatory pain specialist on site at each ambulatory surgery center, in addition to providing safe anesthesia, could intervene early once problematic pain issues are recognized, thus preventing emergency room visits, as well as readmissions for uncontrolled pain. This paper reviews methods of acute-pain management in the ambulatory setting with risk stratification, the utilization of multimodal interventions, including pharmacological and nonpharmacological options, opioids, nonopioids, and various routes with the goal of preventing delayed discharge and unexpected hospital admissions after ambulatory surgery. Continued research and investigation in the area of pain management with outcome studies in acute surgically inflicted pain in patients with underlying chronic pain treated with

  14. Eye surgery in the elderly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raczyńska D

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Dorota Raczyńska, Leopold Glasner, Ewelina Serkies-Minuth, Magdalena A Wujtewicz, Kamila Mitrosz Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland Abstract: Extending life expectancy is a human achievement. It does however entail problems. Ophthalmic treatments are widely recognized as having a low risk of general complications. A classic example is cataract surgery, considered to be one of the safest and most frequently performed surgical procedures in the world. However, advanced age brings with it risks that should be considered before surgery. Eye operations, as with procedures on other organs, are largely dependent on the quality of surgical tissues. Therefore, the elderly are at increased risk of complications. Improved general health and postoperative follow-up with the use of noninvasive technologies such as optical coherence tomography translate into lower intraoperative risk and better postoperative prognosis. In this review, we discuss the impact of general health on operational prognosis, therapeutic problems, and technical difficulties which a surgeon and anesthesiologist may encounter in the process. We also consider new technology and strategies specifically aimed at treating eye conditions in the elderly. Keywords: eye surgery, eye aging, anesthesiology in ophthalmology, cataract, glaucoma, vitrectomy, age-related macular degeneration

  15. Metallurgy Department

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde

    The activities of the Metallurgy Department at Risø during 1981 are described. The work is presented in three chapters: General Materials Research, Technology and Materials Development, Fuel Elements. Furthermore, a survey is given of the department's participation in international collaboration...

  16. [Bariatric surgery. Would you undergo surgery again?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albaina Landaluce, E; Díez Andrés, A; Navaridas Berganzo, A; Ruiz de Arcaute, I I

    2001-04-01

    The authors analyze the negative repercussions of morbid obesity; then they explain what baryatric surgery, a surgical technique employed with a high degree of success, consists of. They study the results, in terms of satisfaction, obtained from patients operated on in the Txagorritxu Hospital in Vitoria. The project on which this article is based was presented as a Main Project in a Course on Health Research Methodology, extension class section, "IDER", at the University of Alcalá and the University of Antioquia.

  17. Clinical Observation of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome After Operation in Department of Thoracic Surgery%胸外科术后急性呼吸窘迫综合征的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马永峰

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨胸外科术后急性呼吸窘迫综合征的临床防治措施及其临床效果。方法选取近期来我院行胸外科手术治疗,且术后并发急性呼吸窘迫综合征患者80例,患者一经确诊为急性呼吸窘迫综合征,转入ICU病房,给予呼吸机辅助呼吸,增强吸氧浓度;积极对症处理患者的原发疾病;严格控制患者入水量,确保胸腔引流通畅;给予敏感抗生素抗感染;加强营养支持。结果80例患者经临床治疗后,其PaO2、PaCO2、RR、HR、MAP及BH等各项临床指标均得到了显著的改善,P<0.05比较差异具有统计学意义。80例患者经临床治疗后,70例痊愈(97.5%),10例死亡(12.5%)。结论综合疗法是目前治疗胸外科术后急性呼吸窘迫综合征最为有效的方式。%Objective To investigate the clinical control measures and clinical effect of acute respiratory distress syndrome after operation in Department of thoracic surgery.Methods In recent years, our hospital thoracic surgery, and postoperative acute respiratory distress syndrome in 80 cases, patients were diagnosed as acute respiratory distress syndrome into ICU, ventilator assisted breathing, oxygen concentration enhancement, active symptomatic treatment of patients with primary disease, strictly control the patient into the water to ensure drainage unobstructed, give sensitive antibiotic resistance to infection and nutritional support.Results After clinical treatment, 80 cases of patients with PaO2, PaCO2, RR, HR, MAP and BH and other clinical indicators have been significantlyimproved,P<0.05 comparison has statistical significance. After clinical treatment, 70 cases were cured (97.5%), 10 cases died (12.5%).Conclusion Comprehensive therapy is the most effective method for the treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

  18. Cortisol levels and sleep patterns in infants with orofacial clefts undergoing surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mueller AA

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Andreas A Mueller,1,2 Nadeem Kalak,3 Katja Schwenzer-Zimmerer,1,2 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,3 Serge Brand3,4 1Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, University of Basel and University Hospital of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 2Hightech Research Center of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 3Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress, and Sleep Disorders, Basel, Switzerland; 4Department of Sport and Health Science, Division of Sport Science, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Background: Traumatic events during early infancy might damage infants’ psychobiological functioning, such as sleep and cortisol secretion. Infants born with orofacial clefts (OFCs undergo functional, anatomical, and aesthetic surgery. The aim of the present study was to determine whether infants with OFC and undergoing OFC surgery show deteriorated sleep and cortisol secretion compared with healthy controls and with their presurgery status.Methods: A total of 27 infants with OFC (mean age: 22 weeks and 30 healthy controls (mean age: 23 weeks took part in the study. For infants with OFC, sleep actigraphy was performed and saliva cortisol was analyzed 5 days before, during, and 5 days after surgery. For controls, sleep and saliva cortisol were assessed similarly, except for the period taken up with surgery.Results: Compared with healthy controls, infants with OFC undergoing OFC surgery did not differ in sleep and cortisol secretion. Their sleep and cortisol secretion did deteriorate during the perisurgical period but recovered 5 days postsurgery. Conclusion: In infants with OFC undergoing corrective surgery, the pattern of results for sleep and cortisol suggests that OFC surgery does not seem to constitute a traumatic event with long-term consequences. Keywords: cortisol, sleep, orofacial cleft, surgery, infants

  19. Results of cataract surgery in the very elderly population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michalska-Małecka K

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Katarzyna Michalska-Małecka,1 Mariusz Nowak,2 Piotr Gościniewicz,1 Jacek Karpe,3 Ludmiła Słowińska-Łożyńska,4 Agnieszka Łypaczewska,1 Dorota Romaniuk11Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital No 5, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, 2Pathophysiology Division, Department of Pathophysiology and Endocrinology, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, 3Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, 4Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Silesia, PolandAim: The aim of our study was to retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation (IOL for patients aged 90 years or older, whom we define as “very elderly.”Methods: The study involved a total number of 122 patients (122 eyes with senile cataracts. The mean age of patients was 91.2 ± 2.3 years (range 90–100 years old. Phacoemulsification (phaco was done on 113 of 122 eyes, and 9 of 122 eyes had extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE. Postoperative visual acuity and intraocular pressure (IOP were analyzed on the first postoperative day, 3 months after surgery, and 6 months after surgery.Results: Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA improved in 100 of 122 eyes (82.0%. BCVA remained the same in 20 of 122 eyes (16.4% and decreased in 2 of 122 eyes (1.6%, mainly because of coexisting age-related macular degeneration (AMD. The BCVA 3 months after surgery was ≥0.8 in 23 of 122 eyes (18.9%, between 0.5 and 0.7 in 28 of 122 eyes (22.3%, and between 0.2 and 0.4 in 33 of 122 eyes (27.1%. We found significant implications of cataract surgery on decreasing IOP in the studied group of patients suffering from glaucoma compared to the patients without glaucoma.Conclusion: Advanced age is not a contraindication for cataract surgery. The results of the study showed that when systemic conditions are stable, both phaco and ECCE with

  20. Superior oblique surgery: when and how?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taylan Şekeroğlu H

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Hande Taylan Şekeroğlu,1 Ali Sefik Sanac,1 Umut Arslan,2 Emin Cumhur Sener11Department of Ophthalmology, 2Department of Biostatistics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, TurkeyBackground: The purpose of this paper is to review different types of superior oblique muscle surgeries, to describe the main areas in clinical practice where superior oblique surgery is required or preferred, and to discuss the preferred types of superior oblique surgery with respect to their clinical outcomes.Methods: A consecutive nonrandomized retrospective series of patients who had undergone superior oblique muscle surgery as a single procedure were enrolled in the study. The diagnosis, clinical features, preoperative and postoperative vertical deviations in primary position, type of surgery, complications, and clinical outcomes were reviewed. The primary outcome measures were the type of strabismus and the type of superior oblique muscle surgery. The secondary outcome measure was the results of the surgeries.Results: The review identified 40 (20 male, 20 female patients with a median age of 6 (2–45 years. Nineteen patients (47.5% had Brown syndrome, eleven (27.5% had fourth nerve palsy, and ten (25.0% had horizontal deviations with A pattern. The most commonly performed surgery was superior oblique tenotomy in 29 (72.5% patients followed by superior oblique tuck in eleven (27.5% patients. The amount of vertical deviation in the fourth nerve palsy and Brown syndrome groups (P = 0.01 for both and the amount of A pattern in the A pattern group were significantly reduced postoperatively (P = 0.02.Conclusion: Surgery for the superior oblique muscle requires experience and appropriate preoperative evaluation in view of its challenging nature. The main indications are Brown syndrome, fourth nerve palsy, and A pattern deviations. Superior oblique surgery may be effective in terms of pattern collapse and correction of vertical deviations in primary

  1. Minimally invasive surgery for Achilles tendon pathologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Maffulli

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Nicola Maffulli1, Umile Giuseppe Longo2, Filippo Spiezia2, Vincenzo Denaro21Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, England; 2Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, ItalyAbstract: Minimally invasive trauma and orthopedic surgery is increasingly common, though technically demanding. Its use for pathologies of the Achilles tendon (AT hold the promise to allow faster recovery times, shorter hospital stays, and improved functional outcomes when compared to traditional open procedures, which can lead to difficulty with wound healing because of the tenuous blood supply and increased chance of wound breakdown and infection. We present the recent advances in the field of minimally invasive AT surgery for tendinopathy, acute ruptures, chronic tears, and chronic avulsions of the AT. In our hands, minimally invasive surgery has provided similar results to those obtained with open surgery, with decreased perioperative morbidity, decreased duration of hospital stay, and reduced costs. So far, the studies on minimally invasive orthopedic techniques are of moderate scientific quality with short follow-up periods. Multicenter studies with longer follow-up are needed to justify the long-term advantages of these techniques over traditional ones.Keywords: tendinopathy, rupture, percutanous repair, less invasive

  2. Robotic Surgery: Research and Reviews 2014: editorial foreword

    OpenAIRE

    Azodi, Masoud; Roque, Dana M.

    2014-01-01

    Dana M Roque,1 Masoud Azodi1,2 1Division of Gynecologic Oncology, 2Division of Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USALeonardo da Vinci has been credited with the design in 1495 of the first known robot, which was capable of human-like motions through the manipulation of multiple coordinated pulleys.1 The term "robot" stems from the Czech word "robota", refer...

  3. Geographical distribution of torture: An epidemiological study of torture reported by asylum applicants examined at the Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Copenhagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busch, Johannes Rødbro; Hansen, Steen Holger; Hougen, Hans Petter

    2015-01-01

    Using reports from 154 examinations of alleged torture victims among asylum applicants to Denmark conducted by the Department of Forensic Medicine, Univer- sity of Copenhagen, between 2001 and 2013, we have categorized the victims into four geographical regions, as well as according to the conflict...

  4. Lung surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Pneumonectomy; Lobectomy; Lung biopsy; Thoracoscopy; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery; VATS ... You will have general anesthesia before surgery. You will be asleep and unable to feel pain. Two common ways to do surgery on your lungs are thoracotomy and video- ...

  5. Turbinate surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turbinectomy; Turbinoplasty; Turbinate reduction; Nasal airway surgery; Nasal obstruction - turbinate surgery ... There are several types of turbinate surgery: Turbinectomy: All or ... This can be done in several different ways, but sometimes a ...

  6. Cataract Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and Videos: What Do Cataracts Look Like? Cataract Surgery Written By: Kierstan Boyd Reviewed By: Elena M ... how they work. What to expect with cataract surgery Before surgery: Your ophthalmologist will measure your eye ...

  7. Study on Innovation Construction of Circulation Department of University Library%高校图书馆流通部创新建设探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马骅; 段琼慧

    2012-01-01

    文章从高校图书馆流通部创新建设的重要性出发,论述了图书馆流通部存在的问题和面临的挑战,进而提出了流通部创新建设需要从领导管理观念到位、加强团队建设,提升竞争力、健全制度,提升馆员工作动力、人力资源建设,培养学术骨干,树立学术形象、下功夫提高服务质量这五个方面来实施,使得流通部门进一步做好本职工作,更好的为广大读者服务.进而,提升图书馆流通部的核心竞争力.%Starting from the importance of innovative construction of college library circulation department, this paper discusses the problems existing in the circulation department of library and challenges, and then puts forward the measures that for the circulation department, we establish management idea for leaders, strengthen team building and enhance competitiveness, perfect system, improve work enthusiasm of librarian, human resources construction, train academic backbone, sets up the academic image, put forth effort to improve the quality of service, which makes the circulation department further complete the duty, and serve the readers better, so as to improve the core competitiveness of the library circulation department.

  8. Experience from co-operation between the Department of Acoustic Technology, Technical University of Denmark, and Bang and Olufsen A/S, Struer, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Søren; Pedersen, Ole Juhl

    1999-01-01

    The experiences of two large research projects, "Archimedes" and "LoDist", form the background for a discussion of collaborative projects involving universities and industry. Administrative, financial, and scientific matters are discussed and the solutions presented. The main scientific results...... are presented or referenced and the industrial implications are indicated....

  9. Department of Nephrology at the Medical Faculty, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje--creating nephrology protection for the citizens of the Republic of Macedonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polenakovic, M

    2013-01-01

    In January 1975, de facto, the Nephrology Department was founded at the Medical Faculty in Skopje as the first institution of such a type in former Yugoslavia. The Nephrology Department was the driving force for the further development of nephrology in the Republic of Macedonia. D. Hrisoho was the first Director of the Department, and its subsequent Directors were G. Masin, M. Polenakovic, K. Zafirovska and currently A. Sikole. Prior to the establishment of the Nephrology Clinic there had been considerable experience in the diagnosis and treatment of renal patients. The first haemodialysis (HD) in the Republic of Macedonia (RM) was performed in 1959 on a patient with acute renal failure (ARF) using a Kolff-Brigham rotating drum artificial kidney at the Blood Transfusion Institute in Skopje. In 1965 the Renal Unit at the Department of Medicine, Medical Faculty, Skopje obtained a new, modern "Websinger" artificial kidney with a sigma motor pump and possibilities for the use of a disposable Kolff "twin coil" dialyser. Between 1959 and 1971, HD was performed only on patients with ARF. In May 1971, a Unit for Chronic HD was founded at the Renal Unit and the programme of maintenance haemodialysis (MHD) was started with five Stuttgart Fresenius machines and 12 patients dialysed on twin coil dialysers. That was a great incentive for the development of HD in the Republic of Macedonia enforced by the great number of patients with end stage renal disease. Thus in 2007 we have 18 HD centres in the Republic of Macedonia, with 1183 patients. Treatment of the patients with MHD is the greatest success achieved in the Republic of Macedonia in nephrology concerning patients with end stage renal disease. Prior to the treatment with MHD patients were destined to die, whereas now, with this type of treatment, they have a normal life and families. Patients with kidney diseases are examined in outpatients clinics as well as treated in the wards of the Department. All types of vascular

  10. Analysis in application of flexible management in nursing care of general surgery department%柔性管理在普外科护理中的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燕玲; 焦伟华; 罗惠凤

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨柔性管理在普外科护理中的应用效果.方法 以2007年1~10月普外科护理人员21人和患者836例作为研究对象,对其实施柔性管理.以实施柔性管理前2006年1~12月普外科护理人员21人和住院患者797例作为对照,比较柔性管理对护士、患者的影响及护理满意度变化.结果 实施柔性管理后,护士工作和学习热情大大提高,学历和职称层次较实施前明显提高;实施前患者平均住院28 d,人均住院费用12 131元,实施后患者平均住院日下降为20 d,人均住院费用为8764元,实施前后比较差异显著;实施前护理满意度为87.0%,实施后则为97.0%,实施后患者的满意度显著高于实施前.结论 柔性管理在普外科护理中的应用效果显著,适合在实践中更多应用.%Objective To investigate the application effect of flexible management in nursing of general surgery department. Methods 21 nursing staff and 836 patients from January to October, 2007 were selected as research object, and were given flexible management. 21 nursing staff and 797 patients from January to December were selected as the control. The influence of flexible management on nurses and patients and satisfaction degree with nursing work before and after application of flexible management were compared. Results Working and learning enthusiasm greatly improved,educational background and professional titles of nurses increased after application of flexible management. The average hospitalization time was 28 days,the per capita cost was 12 131 yuan,satisfaction degree with nursing was 87.0% before application of flexible management, but the average hospital stay of patients decreased to 20 days, the per capita cost decreased to 8764 yuan and satisfaction degree with nursing increased to 97.0% after application of flexible management. Conclusions Application of flexible management in nursing care of general surgery department showed significant effect,it is

  11. Antimicrobial resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa causing nosocomial infection in department of general surgery%医院普外科感染铜绿假单胞菌的耐药性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王群兴; 叶湘; 何晓雯; 余良芳; 周宜兰

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate antimicrobial resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PAE) causing nosocomial infection in department of general surgery in our hospital and provide the scientific evidence for clinically reasonable use of antibiotics. METHODS Referring to National Guide to Clinical Laboratory Procedures, the bacterial culture and identification were performed. The susceptibility testing was performed by K-B methods recommended by CLSI. RESULTS Among 158 isolates of PAE, resistance rates of imipenem,meropenem, amikacin piperacillin/tazobactam and cefoperazone/sulbactam were the lowest, arriving at 11.4 %-14.6%. The resistance rate of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (60. 1%) was the highest. The detection rate of pan-resistant PAE was 9. 5%. CONCLUSIONS The microbiologists in department of clinical laboratory should monitor dynamically and publish regularly the bacterial drug resistance to control multiresistant strains causing nosocomial infection.%目的 探讨医院普外科感染铜绿假单胞菌(PAE)的耐药特性,为临床医师合理用药提供科学依据.方法 细菌培养和菌株鉴定严格按照进行,采用CLSI推荐的K-B法进行药敏试验和判断结果.结果 普外科158株PAE对亚胺培南、美罗培南、阿米卡星、哌拉西林/他唑巴坦、头孢哌酮/舒巴坦耐药率较低,在11.4%~14.6%;耐药率最高的抗菌药物是磺胺甲嗯唑/甲氧苄啶,为60.1%;PAE泛耐药菌株检出15株,检出率为9.5%.结论 检验科临床微生物室应对细菌耐药性进行动态监测和定期公示,有效控制多药耐药细菌医院感染.

  12. 心胸外科围手术期患者中心静脉导管感染因素分析%Analysis on the factors to perioperative patients with central venous catheter in cardiothoracic surgery department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵辉; 梁冰; 王豪杰; 施巩宁

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析心胸外科围手术期患者中心静脉导管感染因素并采取有效措施。方法回顾性分析320例患者的中心静脉导管留置情况并进行调查。结果留置中心静脉导管最长23 d,最短4 d,平均时间8.3 d,导管尖端进行细菌培养,20例培养出葡萄球菌,56例培养出真菌,4例培养出葡萄球菌合并真菌。结论严格无菌操作,仔细观察,合理使用抗生素,正确选择穿刺部位,定期更换敷料及接头,可以有效预防感染的发生。%ObjectiveTo investigate the infection factors of central venous catheter(CVC) and lookfor measures to deal with infection of perioperative patients with CVC.MethodsRetrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 320 patiets who were placed CVC in cardiothoracic surgery department.ResultsThe longest position time of CVC was 23 days, the shortest position time was 4 days, with an average time of 8.3 days. Bacterial culture of the catheter tip was took place when CVC was pulled out from central venous, 20 cases were found staphylococcus, 56 cases were found fungus, 4 cases were found both staphylococcus and staphylococcus. ConclusionStrict aseptic operation, careful observation, rational use of antibiotics, correct selection of puncture, periodically changed dressings and connectors, can effectively prevent the occurrence of the infection.

  13. 我院手术支持中心的药事管理模式探索%Exploration on the New Pharmaceutical Administration Pattern of Central Surgery Service Department in Our Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴春雷; 缪旭东; 朱元琴; 卜晓光; 陈金凤

    2012-01-01

    目的:加强手术药品的管理.方法:成立手术支持中心,从工作流程改造、运用信息技术等各环节入手,对其药事管理模式进行探索.结果:该药事管理模式大大减少了医护人员手术准备时间和患者等待时间;保证了手术期间麻醉和精神药品使用情况能及时、准确地登记,便于统一管理;能做好药品数量与金额的双重管理,做到账物相符.结论:该管理模式能保证手术药品供应质量,避免差错.%OBJECTIVE: To strengthen the management of surgical drugs. METHODS: The management of the central surgery service department was guided through drug position, workflow reform and information management to explore the pattern of pharmaceutical administration. RESULTS: The new pharmaceutical administration pattern had reduced the operator's preparing time and the patient's waiting time, ensured that the cases of using narcotic and psychotropic drugs could be booked exactly in time, and manage the amount and sum of drugs to make the account fit the contents. CONCLUSIONS: The pattern can ensure efficiency and quality of drug supply and avoid errors.

  14. 护理人员分层使用模式在普外科病区应用的效果%Clinical application of graded management of nurses in general surgery department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔莉娜; 王璇; 车文芳; 马华; 赵阳

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨护理岗位分层管理模式在临床运行的方式与优越性.方法 对普外科实施护理人员分层使用,改进护理人员配备、排班、培训考核及绩效分配的方法,并把实施前、后住院病人对护理工作满意率进行比较分析.结果 护理岗位分层管理模式运行后,护士的责任心增加,病人对护理工作满意率达到了99%,护理质量优于运行前,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 护理人员分层使用模式更加合理地运用了护理人力资源,满足临床护理实际工作的需要,是可行的运行模式.%Objective To investigate the application and advantage of graded management of nurses in clinic work. Methods This subject introduced the method of graded management of nurses in general surgery department, in order to improve methods of nursing personnel, scheduling, training and allocation. Then, the clinical basic nursing of quality and the patients' degree of satisfaction were compared and analyzed after and before application to graded management. Results Nurses' responsibility was strengthened obviously, patients' rate of satisfaction reached 99% and the quality of nursing improved, which was higher than before, and there was statistical difference (P < 0.05 ). Conclusions The mode of graded management makes nursing human resource more reasonably, and meets the need of clinical nursing work, so it is better than common management mode.

  15. Weight Loss Surgery (Bariatric Surgery) (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to Be Smart About Social Media Weight Loss Surgery (Bariatric Surgery) KidsHealth > For Parents > Weight Loss Surgery (Bariatric Surgery) ... bariatric surgery might be an option. About Bariatric Surgery Bariatric surgery had its beginnings in the 1960s, ...

  16. Design of Websites for Universities and Colleges and Their Departments on Internet%因特网上高校院系Web站点的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何俊梅

    2000-01-01

    The World Wide Web,with the increase of tens of thousands of new websites everyday,is undoubtedly the most popular and rapidly developing part of Internet.Information can be obtained through browsing on homepages.Therefore,the quality of homepages is of particular significance. This article, combining with the establishment of the Information Management Department Websites as well as the practical homepage-making experience,provides some common skills and techniques.

  17. [Acute alcohol intoxication among children and adolescents admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice during 2000-2010--preliminary study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamińska, Halla; Agnieszka, Zachurzok-Buczyńska; Gawlik, Aneta; Małecka-Tendera, Ewa

    2012-01-01

    The alcohol drinking at the young age is a risk factor of alcohol addiction later in life, and is connected with school problems, binge drinking, tobacco addiction, illegal drug use, violence, crime commitment, and risky sexual behaviors. Alcohol drinking in the last 12 months is declared by 78% Polish children. The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of admissions due to alcohol intoxication to the Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Pediatric Center of Silesia and the identification of the risk factors of the acute alcohol intoxication among Polish children and adolescents. Ten-year retrospective study includes investigation of patients medical records from the Department of Pediatrics. Among 8048 patients hospitalized in the Department of Pediatrics between the years 2000-2010, 220 (2.7%) cases of acute alcohol poisoning occurred The detailed data analysis from 139 patients [66 (47.5%) girls, 73 (52,5%) boys] was done. In the years 2006-2010 the number of girls admitted to the department increased in comparison to boys. The largest group of patients was at age between 14 and 16 years [61 (44%) children]. The blood alcohol concentration at the moment of admission to the hospital was 0.1 to 4.0 per thousand. In most cases (92.8%) the alcohol intoxication was intentional. Five percent of them were suicide attempts. In the youngest group of children alcohol abuse was unintentional. 23 (16.5%) of patients initially needed admission to the intensive care unit. In 30 (21.6%) patient the family was incomplete and five times more often father was absent. The alcohol addiction occurs in 18 (13.0%) fathers and 10 (7.2%) mothers of our patients. It is concluded that over the last decade the number of girls admitted due to alcohol abuse increased. Children at school grade between 7-9 are intoxicated most often. One six of intoxicated patents needed hospitalization at intensive care unit.

  18. Cost-utility analysis comparing laparoscopic vs open aortobifemoral bypass surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krog AH

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Anne Helene Krog,1,2 Mehdi Sahba,3 Erik M Pettersen,4 Torbjørn Wisløff,5,6 Jon O Sundhagen,2 Syed SH Kazmi2 1Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, 2Department of Vascular Surgery, Division of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Diseases, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, 3Department of Vascular Surgery, Østfold Central Hospital, Kalnes, 4Department of Vascular Surgery, Sørlandet Hospital HF, Kristiansand, 5Department of Health Management and Health Economics, University of Oslo, 6Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway Objectives: Laparoscopic aortobifemoral bypass has become an established treatment option for symptomatic aortoiliac obstructive disease at dedicated centers. Minimally invasive surgical techniques like laparoscopic surgery have often been shown to reduce expenses and increase patients’ health-related quality of life. The main objective of our study was to measure quality-adjusted life years (QALYs and costs after totally laparoscopic and open aortobifemoral bypass. Patients and methods: This was a within trial analysis in a larger ongoing randomized controlled prospective multicenter trial, Norwegian Laparoscopic Aortic Surgery Trial. Fifty consecutive patients suffering from symptomatic aortoiliac occlusive disease suitable for aortobifemoral bypass surgery were randomized to either totally laparoscopic (n=25 or open surgical procedure (n=25. One patient dropped out of the study before surgery. We measured health-related quality of life using the EuroQol (EQ-5D-5L questionnaire at 4 different time points, before surgery and for 6 months during follow-up. We calculated the QALYs gained by using the area under the curve for both groups. Costs were calculated based on prices for surgical equipment, vascular prosthesis and hospital stay. Results: We found a significantly higher increase in QALYs after laparoscopic vs open aortobifemoral bypass surgery, with a difference of 0.07 QALYs, (p=0

  19. Physical Therapy and Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Valle-Onate, Rafael; Ward, Michael M.; Kerr, Gail S.

    2012-01-01

    Physical therapy and orthopedic surgery are important components in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Supervised physical therapy is more effective that individual or unsupervised exercise in improving symptoms, but controlled trials suggest than combined inpatient and outpatient therapy provides the greatest improvement. Recommendations for exercise are universal, but the best types and sequence of therapies are not known. Total hip replacement is the surgery most commonly perfor...

  20. Medical Student Examination Questions for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery of Almost 60 Years Ago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Won-Gon

    2016-08-01

    Medical student examination questions of 60 years ago are very rare to find irrespective of medical specialty. Recently, medical student examination questions for thoracic and cardiovascular surgery were found, which were presented between 1957 and 1959 at Seoul National University Medical College. All examination questions were hand-written in six pages by a professor as examiner. Among the six pages, four examination papers were dated and/or the target grade was identified, while the remaining two did not offer any information. These materials are thought to have a valuable historical meaning for the Korean medical community as well as the Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery at Seoul National University Hospital.