WorldWideScience

Sample records for surface navy combat

  1. Surface combatant readiness to confront a sea control navy

    OpenAIRE

    Wissel, Nicholas E.

    2008-01-01

    This thesis proposes to correct the shortfalls in the US Surface Combatants ability to counter a Sea-Control Navy. The concept counters this threat using unmanned aerial systems, decoys, and a layered defense. We analyze the performance with a Filtering Model of Salvo Warfare that is an extension of the Hughes Salvo Equations. The model incorporates the diluting effect of decoys upon enemy salvos and accounts for the historical reality of leakers. We conclude that in the absence of air suppor...

  2. Navy Combatives: Adjusting Course for the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    34 2. Kapap..................................................................................................34 3. Krav ...training aspects to introduce the core values that are the foundation of the Navy and Marine Corps: honor, courage, and commitment ( MA 1.16, 2010...military service members should train in combatives (Wagner and Nardia, 2010). 3. Krav Maga The original concept of Krav Maga was to absorb any

  3. Blue water nursing: the role of Navy nurses on board US Navy combatant ships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLarnon, Colleen O; Wise, Jamie H

    2003-06-01

    The independent and autonomous nature of blue water nursing makes its practice exceptionally demanding, exciting, and rewarding for Navy nurses assigned to US Navy combatant ships. Whether serving on board an aircraft carrier or an amphibious assault ship, the lone critical care nurse is responsible for a diverse mix of nursing care ranging from community health to critical care. Delivering this care in an austere shipboard environment at sea, often in isolated locations without regular available support from shore-based medical facilities, defines the blue water aspect of this nursing practice. Due to this type of setting and the limited critical care nursing presence on board, the greatest professional challenge at sea is care of the critically ill and injured. Leadership and teamwork are essential. Navy Corpsmen play an integral role in the delivery of nursing care, and the nurse relies heavily on them. Because the nurse cannot do it all alone, taking the lead on providing training and clinical guidance to the Corpsmen is a key responsibility of the shipboard nurse. In this assignment, the critical care nurse also has a unique opportunity to make an impact the health and welfare of the ship's entire crew through wellness and prevention programs. Considering the personal and professional challenges and rewards of blue water nursing, most Navy nurses describe their tour of duty on board a combatant ship as the best assignment of their Navy career.

  4. Assessing the Utility of an Event-Step ASMD Model by Analysis of Surface Combatant Shared Self-Defense

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Patrick, Chase

    2001-01-01

    ... and growing availability of ASCMs makes a persuasive argument for the U.S. Navy to aggressively expand surface combatant defense systems, and perform periodic reviews of existing defensive tactics to ensure effective employment of new combat systems...

  5. Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    Navy, April 18, 2011. 27 Carlo Munoz, “Navy Looks To Cut Anti-Mine System From LCS Mission Package,” Defense Daily, January 13, 2011. Material in...developmental testing), and an increase of $3.5 million for LCS axial flow high power density waterjets (page 150, line 48). Navy Littoral Combat Ship...development, and by $4.25 million for axial-flow high-power-density waterjets (page 148). The report states: Littoral Combat Ship The Littoral Combat

  6. Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-22

    Mission Packages ................................................................................................................ 5 Manning and Deployment...Henderson, Western Australia, and Bender Shipbuilding & Repair Company of Mobile, AL, with Austal Limited as the majority owner. Navy Littoral Combat Ship...replacing. 7 Manning and Deployment Reduced-Size Crew The baseline LCS employs automation to achieve a reduced-sized core crew (i.e., sea frame

  7. Cost Savings and Other Benefits from Transferring Navy Fast Combat Support Ships to the Naval Fleet Auxiliary Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Campion, Francis

    1997-01-01

    The U.S. Navy's Fast Combat Support Ships (AOEs), which are the largest and most powerful logistics ships in the world, are designed to meet all of the logistical needs of an Aircraft Carrier Battle Group...

  8. Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-05

    April 28, 2010, from Douglas W. Elmendorf, Director, CBO, to the Honorable Jeff Sessions, pp. 3-5. The letter is available online at http...from Rear Admiral John F. Kirby , the Chief of Information for the Navy, states: I’ve been following closely all the debate over the Littoral Combat...O’Rourke Specialist in Naval Affairs rorourke@crs.loc.gov, 7-7610 119 John F. Kirby , “The Littoral

  9. Smoking among troops deployed in combat areas and its association with combat exposure among navy personnel in Sri Lanka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Silva Varuni

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Among military personnel alcohol consumption and binge-drinking have increased but cigarette smoking has declined in the recent past. Although there is a strong association between smoking and PTSD the association between combat exposure and smoking is not clear. Methods This cross sectional study was carried out among representative samples of SLN Special Forces and regular forces deployed in combat areas. Both Special Forces and regular forces were selected using simple random sampling. Only personnel who had served continuously in combat areas during the one year period prior to end of combat operations were included in the study. Females were not included in the sample. The study assessed several mental health outcomes as well as alcohol use, smoking and cannabis use. Sample was classified according to smoking habits as never smokers, past smokers (those who had smoked in the past but not within the past year and current smokers (those smoking at least one cigarette within the past 12 months. Results Sample consisted of 259 Special Forces and 412 regular navy personnel. Prevalence of current smoking was 17.9% (95% CI 14.9-20.8. Of the sample 58.4% had never smoked and 23.7% were past smokers. Prevalence of current smoking was significantly higher among Special Forces personnel compared to regular forces. (OR 1.90 (95% CI 1.20-3.02. Personnel aged ≥35 years had the lowest prevalence of smoking (14.0%. Commissioned officers had a lower prevalence (12.1% than non commissioned officers or other ranks. After adjustment for demographic variables and service type there was significant association between smoking and combat experiences of seeing dead or wounded [OR 1.79 (95%CI 1.08-2.9], handling dead bodies [OR 2.47(95%CI 1.6-3.81], coming under small arms fire [OR 2.01(95%CI 1.28-3.15] and coming under mortar, missile and artillery fire [OR 2.02(95%CI 1.29-3.17]. There was significant association between the number of

  10. Navy Nuclear-Powered Surface Ships: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Rourke, Ronald

    2008-01-01

    Some Members of Congress, particularly on the House Armed Services Committee, have expressed interest in expanding the use of nuclear power to a wider array of Navy surface ships, including the Navy's planned CG(X) cruiser...

  11. Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    Captas-4 VDS system was delivered to the U.S. Navy at Brest, France , on July 25, according to NAVSEA, and should arrive in the U.S. in early September...Ten Ship Awards • In summer 2009 Navy received bids for three FY10 ships from Lockheed Martin/Marinette Marine/ Bollinger and General Dynamics Bath

  12. Littoral Combat Vessels: Analysis and Comparison of Designs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Christiansen, Bryan J

    2008-01-01

    The introduction of new technologies force navies to adapt and the introduction of surface-to-surface anti-ship cruise missiles from a large number of small coastal combatants created vulnerability...

  13. Surface Combatant Planning Since the End of the Cold War

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gillen, Daniel

    1998-01-01

    .... This reduction was part of the U.S. military transformation in the post-Cold War period. This thesis examined the major factors that influenced the change in surface combatant planning since 1990, i.e...

  14. Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-02-05

    to support those development efforts are likely pushing those IOCs into 2015. So if I have— if I have a plea for the Congress [it is] is to recognize...the two LCS builders through the end of the LCS program will be critical for the Navy to generate bargaining leverage with the LCS builders in areas

  15. Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-18

    maritime security and intercept operations (including anti- piracy operations); support of Marines or special operations forces; and homeland defense...ships also use different built-in combat systems (i.e., different collections of built-in sensors, computers, software , and tactical displays) that...that for the sake of lifecycle costs and fleet flexibility, the frigates would have at the very least common combat system software , if not common

  16. U.S. Navy Surface Ship Fleet: Propulsion Energy Evaluation, and Identification of Cost Effective Energy Enhancement Devices

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cusanelli, Dominic S; Karafiath, Gabor

    2006-01-01

    .... Navy surface ship fleet was prepared. This information was used to identify eleven U.S. Navy surface ship classes as candidates for consideration with regard to retrofit of energy enhancement devices...

  17. U.S. Navy Bloodhounds: Establishing A New Maritime Security Combatant

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    task force patrols is about 12 times the size of the continental United States, encompassing the entire continent of South America as well as... Australian Navy.48 1. Cost DOD officials estimated the total program cost for 50 Perry frigates to be $3.2 billion, averaging $64.8 million per vessel...the platform; rather, duplicating the Australians updated Perry (Adelaide) class frigates. These platforms already accommodate the proposed changes and

  18. Recommendations and Requirements for Welding and Inspection of Titanium Piping for U.S. Navy Surface Ship Applications

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wells, Michael

    1999-01-01

    The information contained in this report is intended to assist both Navy and shipyard/contractor personnel engaged in the welding and inspection of commercially pure titanium seawater piping systems for U.S. Navy surface ships...

  19. An Analysis of Sabbatical Leaves for Navy Surface Warfare Officers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yardley, Roland J; Thie, Harry J; Brancato, Kevin; Abbott, Megan

    2004-01-01

    ... or to attend to other personal needs. In response to these retention concerns, the Navy is considering several programs that allow greater accommodation of the personal needs of its SWOs, particularly through the increased use of sabbatical leaves...

  20. Real options valuation in the design of Future surface combatants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    stated the Frégate Européenne Multi-Mission (FREMM) was a joint venture between the Italian and French navies, built and designed by the Direction des...navies. (1) Italian Bergamini Class Under the joint FREMM venture with the French, the Italian Navy has committed to the purchase of 10 frigates to...39  B.  ADVANTAGE OF MODULARITY ................................................. 40  1.  Standard Interface

  1. Development and Preliminary Findings of a Combat Trauma Registry for the U.S. Navy-Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-09-01

    Freedom (Afghanistan) RPG - Rocket Propelled Grenade STP - Shock Trauma Platoon (Navy-Marine Corps Level 1B facility) WIA - Wound in Action 2.0...Endocrine, Nutritional, Metabolic 14 1.0% Circulatory 13 0.9% Neoplasms 7 0.5% Pregnancy , Puerperium 4 0.3% Congenital 3 0.2% Total 1406 100.0...Navy Marine Corps casualty evacuated to a higher level of care. It can be seen from Table 4 that following gunshots, shrapnel, and RPGs , motor

  2. Effects of Sleep Deprivation on U.S. Navy Watchstander Performance Onboard the Independence Class Littoral Combat Ship (LCS 2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    food and supplies (O’Rourke, 2013). In the book, The Mythical Man-Month, author Fred Brooks offers “Brooks’ Law,” which suggests that if a job takes...Avoiding a second hollow force: The case for including crew endurance factors in the afloat staffing policies of the U.S. Navy. Naval Engineers Journal

  3. US Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Capabilities, Risks, Possible Missions, and Modules to Support Future USMC Operating Concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-29

    credited with the content of the report. The form of entry is the last name, first name, middle initial, and additional ,qualifiers separated by commas...assembly containing twenty-one projectiles cued by the sea frame radar. The Freedom uses the integrated combat management system ( ICMS )46 and the...modularized liquid transfer to multi-configurable bulk/solid container storage, cargo transfer to/from a combat logistics force ship, and helicopter

  4. Navy Chaplains as Religious Advisors: A Combatant Commander’s Strategic Asset in Conflict, Reconstruction and Peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    Jewish, Muslim, or Buddhist , it is expected that Navy Chaplains partner as a Corps to ensure the free exercise of religion for all in the Sea...advisors to commanders for all matters regarding the Command Religious Program, to include matters of morale, morals, ethics , spiritual well-being...Catholic Relief Society.26 Likewise, in the Vietnam conflict, chaplains often established liaison with the indigenous Buddhist , Roman Catholic, and

  5. Imaging of Stellar Surfaces with the Navy Precision Optical Interferometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-18

    Imaging stellar surfaces requires aperture diameters of sometimes hundreds of meters. In general, the diffraction limited angular resolution of an aper ...many practical complications of large aper - tures, ranging from the mechanical problems of building and supporting large mirrors to the computational...appropriate observatory layout and a data ac- quisition system tailored to the types of observations, as well as specific data processing techniques

  6. Enterprise Command and Control Requirements and Common Architecture on US Navy Surface Combatants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Mass Destruction (WMD) remain a threat as well [Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, 2007]. b. Tasks and Functionality The “Universal Naval...organization, focused in the eastern lowlands and southern rainforest . The leftist and right-wing groups have allied with drug trafficking organizations and...Operating and Support Cost VBSS Visit, Board, Search and Seizure VHF Very High Frequency VSD Value System Design WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction

  7. An Investigation of the Effectiveness of Solar Power on Navy Surface Combatants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Figure 33. Comparison of a bare steel plate (left) with a steel plate with a solar array (right), using a “white hot” setting...is the stripping of ultraviolet light in the upper atmosphere by ozone. Other interactions occur, and by the time the sunlight reaches the Earth’s...Delivering boost acceleration to automobiles in a process known as regenerative braking. • Serving as an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to data

  8. Navy Shipbuilding: Significant Investments in the Littoral Combat Ship Continue Amid Substantial Unknowns about Capabilities, Use, and Cost

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    its waterjet propulsion systems that has required additional money to correct. GAO-10-523 (Washington, D.C.: Aug. 31, 2010). Seaframe Quality and...expanded the corrosion protection system on the Freedom- class variant and added new corrosion protection systems to the waterjet propulsion systems of...device to cut the tether of moored mines so that they float to the surface, where they can be detonated or recovered for intelligence purposes (called

  9. Cost Effectiveness Analysis of the "Sea to SWOS" Training Initiative on the Surface Warfare Officer Qualification Process

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gavino, Christopher

    2002-01-01

    ... (combat effectiveness) while the quantitative analysis shows additional costs to the Navy Personnel Command and savings in training costs for the Naval Education and Training Command and OPNAV N76, the Surface Warfare Resource Sponsor...

  10. Distributed Simulation Run Automation Capability for the Navy PRA Testbed

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Trbovich, Sarah; Reading, Richard; Photinos, William; Malone, Shala

    2007-01-01

    The Navy Probability of Raid Annihilation (PRA) Testbed implements HLA federated simulations of ship combat system elements against independent, reactive threat raids in a common environment to formulate an overall combat system assessment...

  11. A Business Process Analysis of the Surface Navys Depot Maintenance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    areas, dry dock work areas and resolve other real estate conflicts which may impede efficient execution of the availability. Provide sea trials...Navy wants to make better use of these funds by shifting from executing Multi -Ship Multi -Option Contracts with cost-plus fee types to Multi -Award...Arizona. He enlisted in the Navy in 2002 as a Nuclear Machinist Mate, and in 2004 was offered an appointment to the United States Naval Academy via

  12. Enzyme-mimicking polymer brush-functionalized surface for combating biomaterial-associated infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Rujian; Xin, Zhirong; Xu, Shiai; Shi, Hengchong; Yang, Huawei; Song, Lingjie; Yan, Shunjie; Luan, Shifang; Yin, Jinghua; Khan, Ather Farooq; Li, Yonggang

    2017-11-01

    Biomaterial-associated infections critically compromise the functionality and performance of the medical devices, and pose a serious threat to human healthcare. Recently, natural DNase enzyme has been recognized as a potent material to prevent bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation. However, the vulnerability of DNase dramatically limits its long-term performance in antibacterial applications. In this work, DNase-mimicking polymer brushes were constructed to mimic the DNA-cleavage activity as well as the macromolecular scaffold of the natural DNase. The bacteria repellent efficacy of DNase-mimicking polymer brush-functionalized surface was comparable to that of the DNase-functionalized surface. More importantly, due to their inherent stability, DNase-mimicking polymer brushes presented the much better performance in inhibiting bacterial biofilm development for prolonged periods of time, as compared to the natural DNase. The as-developed DNase-mimicking polymer brush-functionalized surface presents a promising approach to combat biomaterial-associated infections.

  13. Navy Shipboard Lasers for Surface, Air, and Missile Defense: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-09

    solid state lasers (SSLs), slab SSLs, and free electron lasers (FELs). The Navy’s fiber SSL prototype demonstrator is called the Laser Weapon System...LaWS). Among DOD’s multiple efforts to develop slab SSLs for military use is the Maritime Laser Demonstration (MLD), a prototype laser weapon developed

  14. Logistical Analysis of the Littoral Combat Ship

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rudko, David

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) is to provide the Navy with an affordable, small, multi-mission ship capable of independent, interdependent, and integrated operations inside the littorals...

  15. Evaluation of U.S. Navy Surface Ship Operations in the Information Domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    COP via a TDL network (From Ultra Electronica , 2011) ......31  Figure 10.  Global command and control system-maritime (GCCS-M) systems view, (From...From Ultra Electronica , 2011) Global Command and Control System- Maritime (GCCS-M) operates in a variety of environments in support of joint...U.S. fleet cyber command mission: http://www.public.navy.mil/fcc- c10f/Pages/usfleetcybermission.aspx Ultra Electronica . (2011, February 28). Joint

  16. Innovative eco-friendly bio- solvent for combating sea surface and sedimented oil pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theodorou, Paraskevas

    2017-04-01

    The combating of oil spill at sea surface by chemical dispersants accelerates the evaporation and disperse the oil into the water column, where it is broken down by natural processes and/or is sedimented at the sea bottom, especially at near coastal shallow areas, ports and marinas. The usual methodology for cleaning the sedimented oil from the sea bottom is mainly carried out via excavation and dumping of the polluted sediment into deeper sea areas, where the contamination is transferred from one area to another. The eco-friendly bio-solvent MSL Aqua 250 is an innovative new solution based mainly on natural constituents. The action mechanism and the effectiveness of this eco-friendly solvent is based on the high surface tension process. Organic compounds, including hydrocarbons upon coming in contact with MSL Aqua 250 solvent generate a significant surface tension reaction, which is able to alter the organic compounds to liquid form and then to drastically evaporate it. The use of MSL Aqua 250 solvent, both at sea surface and at the bottom, has the following advantages compared to the dispersants: • Efficient solution without transferring the pollution from sea surface to the water column and to the bottom or disturbing the Aquatic Eco System. • Non-Toxic. • Environmentally friendly with a restoration of marine life in the Eco System. • Cost effective. The MSL Aqua 250 solvent has been tested in cooperation with the Cyprus Department of Fisheries and Marine Research and the Technological University of Cyprus and used during the years 2015 and 2016 in marinas and fishing shelters in Cyprus faced oil pollution, with high concentration in the sea water and at the sea bottom of chemical parameters (BOD5, COD, FOG, TKN, TP, TPH), with excellent results.

  17. Design definition study of a lift/cruise fan technology V/STOL aircraft. Volume 1: Navy operational aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    Aircraft were designed and sized to meet Navy mission requirements. Five missions were established for evaluation: anti-submarine warfare (ASW), surface attack (SA), combat search and rescue (CSAR), surveillance (SURV), and vertical on-board delivery (VOD). All missions were performed with a short takeoff and a vertical landing. The aircraft were defined using existing J97-GE gas generators or reasonable growth derivatives in conjunction with turbotip fans reflecting LF460 type technology. The multipurpose aircraft configuration established for U.S. Navy missions utilizes the turbotip driven lift/cruise fan concept for V/STOL aircraft.

  18. Leadership Development: Key to Success for Navy Civilian Workforce Transformation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nason, Ronald O

    2008-01-01

    .... joint combat power to meet any challenge. In order to achieve this far-reaching objective, the Navy has developed a transformation process known as Sea Enterprise, which will take the lead on freeing up financial and human resources...

  19. 32 CFR 705.29 - Navy Art Collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... significant number of new works is being added each year. The combat artists of World War II have been... works of art to the Department of the Navy. (1) The voluntary services of most of the artists are arranged through the Navy Art Cooperation and Liaison Committee (NACAL) which operates in close cooperation...

  20. The Influence of Demographics and Navy Career Experiences on the Performance of Junior Surface Naval Officers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Johnson, A

    1998-01-01

    .... Results indicate that Naval Academy graduates, business majors, officers with CRUDES experience, and non-minority officers are more likely to achieve Surface Warfare qualification and receive top fitness report scores...

  1. SUSTAINING NAVAL SURFACE COMBATANT VERTICAL LAUNCH SYSTEM MUNITIONS DURING JOINT OPERATIONS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-21

    were beyond the ability of the individual ships to conduct themselves. Training: Logistics Plays a Greater Role in Operational Exercises U.S...permission of the author. 14. ABSTRACT Maintaining maritime dominance against near peer adversaries will tax an already complex logistics structure...replenishment, it relies upon a network of airports and seaports. The Combat Logistics Force, operating from these facilities, carries this materiel and

  2. U.S. Navy Employment Options for Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Savitz, Irv Blickstein, Peter Buryk, Robert W. Button, Paul DeLuca, James Dryden, Jason Mastbaum, Jan Osburg, Philip Padilla, Amy Potter, Carter C...VEHICLES (USVs) Scott Savitz, Irv Blickstein, Peter Buryk, Robert W. Button, Paul DeLuca, James Dryden, Jason Mastbaum, Jan Osburg, Philip Padilla, Amy...www.gdrs.com/about/profile/pdfs/UDTPacific2006_4A3_.pdf Bertram, Volker, “Unmanned Surface Vehicles: A Survey,” Brest , France: ENSIETA, 2008. As of

  3. A physiological study of the US Navy surface decompression procedure and some modifications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cross, M.; Booth, L. [Houlder Diving Research Facility, London (United Kingdom)

    1998-05-01

    Studies were performed after hyperbaric exposure for a period of 30 minutes at a depth of 50 metres. Differences were noted in the physiological response to decompression from this exposure when the USN surface decompression procedure was compared with the standard air decompression procedure. The principle, and most significant difference was an increase in the granulocyte count measured six hours post dive. Many perturbations in physiology were noted as being common to both tables. These included: manifestations of decompression sickness; presence of detected circulating venous gas emboli; and acceleration of plasma I{sup 125} fibrinogen turnover. (author)

  4. Reinforcement learning applications to combat identification

    OpenAIRE

    Mooren, Emily M.

    2017-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Crucial to the safe and effective operation of U.S. Navy vessels is the quick and accurate identification of aircraft in the vicinity. Modern technology and computer-aided decision-making tools provide an alternative to dated methods of combat identification. By utilizing the Soar Cognitive Architecture's reinforcement learning capabilities in conjunction with combat identification techniques, this thesis explores the potential for the...

  5. Navy Collaborative Integrated Information Technology Initiative (NAVCIITI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-09-01

    combatants [sw+00]. The middleware was later transitioned to Navy test-beds including HiPer -D and SC-21 for large-scale experimental studies [ww+99...systems including Aegis. Results from that research including middleware software was transitioned to Navy test-beds including HiPer -D and SC-21. That...management - are directly applicable to the class of real-time problems exemplified by systems such as Aegis, HiPer -D, SC-21, and DD(x). In fact, the

  6. The Importance of Submarine Tenders to a Modern Naval War: Naval Combat Logistics and Seabasing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-28

    COMBAT LOGISTICS AND SEABASING 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...concern of political risk or consequences of sovereignty. 15. SUBJECT TERMS TENDER, SEABASING, SUBMARINE MAINTENANCE, NAVAL COMBAT LOGISTICS ...COMBAT LOGISTICS AND SEABASING by PATRICK THEODORE RAWLINSON LIEUTENANT, UNITED STATES NAVY A paper submitted to the Faculty of the

  7. Financial Management: Financial Reporting of Deferred Maintenance Information on Navy Weapon Systems for FY 2002

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Granetto, Paul

    2003-01-01

    .... The Navy reported an estimated $ 1.3 billion of deterred maintenance at the beginning of FY 2002 on its aircraft, ships, missiles, combat vehicles, and other weapon systems national defense property, plant, and equipment (PP&E) commodities...

  8. Littoral Combat Vessels: Analysis and Comparison of Designs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Christiansen, Bryan J

    2008-01-01

    .... The candidates are a Littoral Combat Ship with a surface warfare module, a National Security Cutter augmented with offensive and defensive weaponry, a "Sea Lance" inshore combat vessel, and a Combat...

  9. The Decision to Allow Military Women into Combat Positions: A Study in Policy and Politics

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Culler, Kristen

    2000-01-01

    .... The Congressional decision to rescind such laws and, subsequently, the laws banning women from combat ships in the Navy was of great significance in the history of the United States military and the nation as a whole...

  10. The Integration of the Fire Scout Tactical Unmanned Aerial System into Littoral Combat Ship Missions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marsh, James J

    2007-01-01

    ...) is an effective mission multiplier for the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS). The U.S. Navy relies heavily on unmanned systems, such as the Fire Scout UAS, to enable LCS to conduct several complex littoral missions...

  11. Does seed size and surface anatomy play role in combating phytotoxicity of nanoparticles?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Navin; Bhargava, Arpit; Pareek, Vikram; Sayeed Akhtar, Mohd; Panwar, Jitendra

    2017-03-01

    Rapid utilization of nano-based products will inevitably release nanoparticles into the environment with unidentified consequences. Plants, being an integral part of ecosystem play a vital role in the incorporation of nanoparticles in food chain and thus, need to be critically assessed. The present study assesses the comparative phytotoxicity of nanoparticle, bulk and ionic forms of zinc at different concentrations on selected plant species with varying seed size and surface anatomy. ZnO nanoparticles were chosen in view of their wide spread use in cosmetics and health care products, which allow their direct release in the environment. The impact on germination rate, shoot & root length and vigour index were evaluated. A concentration dependent inhibition of seed germination as well as seedling length was observed in all the tested plants. Due to the presence of thick cuticle on testa and root, pearl millet (xerophytic plant) was found to be relatively less sensitive to ZnO nanoparticles as compared to wheat and tomato (mesophytic plants) with normal cuticle layer. No correlation was observed between nanoparticles toxicity and seed size. The results indicated that variations in surface anatomy of seeds play a crucial role in determining the phytotoxicity of nanoparticles. The present findings significantly contribute to assess potential consequences of nanoparticle release in environment particularly with major emphasis on plant systems. It is the first report which suggests that variations observed in phytotoxicity of nanoparticles is mainly due to the predominant differences in size and surface anatomy of tested plant seeds and root architecture. Effect of various concentrations of nano ZnO, bulk ZnO and zinc sulphate on the growth of pearl millet (A), tomato (B) and wheat (C) seedlings.

  12. Navy Geothermal Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-12-01

    Domestic geothermal resources with the potential for decreasing fossil fuel use and energy cost exist at a significant number of Navy facilities. The Geothermal Plan is part of the Navy Energy R and D Program that will evaluate Navy sites and provide a technical, economic, and environmental base for subsequent resource use. One purpose of the program will be to provide for the transition of R and D funded exploratory efforts into the resource development phase. Individual Navy geothermal site projects are described as well as the organizational structure and Navy decision network. 2 figs.

  13. The U.S. Navy's Role in Executing the Maritime CONOPS for U.S. Homeland Security/Defense

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Young, Eric

    2002-01-01

    .... Homeland Security and Defense (HLS/D). The Navy's role in Maritime HLS/D is to support the Coast Guard, however, the Coast Guard does not have the resources available to combat this problem alone...

  14. Marinobacter sp. from marine sediments produce highly stable surface-active agents for combatting marine oil spills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raddadi, Noura; Giacomucci, Lucia; Totaro, Grazia; Fava, Fabio

    2017-11-02

    The application of chemical dispersants as a response to marine oil spills is raising concerns related to their potential toxicity also towards microbes involved in oil biodegradation. Hence, oil spills occurring under marine environments necessitate the application of biodispersants that are highly active, stable and effective under marine environment context. Biosurfactants from marine bacteria could be good candidates for the development of biodispersant formulations effective in marine environment. This study aimed at establishing a collection of marine bacteria able to produce surface-active compounds and evaluating the activity and stability of the produced compounds under conditions mimicking those found under marine environment context. A total of 43 different isolates were obtained from harbor sediments. Twenty-six of them produced mainly bioemulsifiers when glucose was used as carbon source and 16 were biosurfactant/bioemulsifiers producers after growth in the presence of soybean oil. Sequencing of 16S rRNA gene classified most isolates into the genus Marinobacter. The produced emulsions were shown to be stable up to 30 months monitoring period, in the presence of 300 g/l NaCl, at 4 °C and after high temperature treatment (120 °C for 20 min). The partially purified compounds obtained after growth on soybean oil-based media exhibited low toxicity towards V. fischeri and high capability to disperse crude oil on synthetic marine water. To the best of our knowledge, stability characterization of bioemulsifiers/biosurfactants from the non-pathogenic marine bacterium Marinobacter has not been previously reported. The produced compounds were shown to have potential for different applications including the environmental sector. Indeed, their high stability in the presence of high salt concentration and low temperature, conditions characterizing the marine environment, the capability to disperse crude oil and the low ecotoxicity makes them interesting for

  15. Navy Hospital ships in history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sougat Ray

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Hospital ships are operated by the Naval forces in or near war zones to provide medical assistance to the wounded personnel of all nationalities and not be used for any military purpose. Hospital ships possibly existed in ancient times and the Athenian Navy had a ship named Therapia. However, it was only during the 17th century that it became a common practice for the naval squadrons to be accompanied by large ships with the facilities of carrying the wounded after each engagement. In 1860, the steamships HMS Melbourne and HMS Mauritius were equipped with genuine medical facilities. They were manned by the Medical Staff Corps and provided services to the British expedition to China. During the World War I and World War II, passenger ships were converted for use as hospital ships and were started to be used on a massive scale. RMS Aquitania and HMHS Britannic were two famous examples of hospital ships used extensively. Modern US hospital ships USNS Mercy and USNS Comfort are operated by Military Sealift Command of the US Navy. Their primary mission is to provide emergency on-site care for US combatant forces deployed in war or other operations.

  16. Navy Fuel Research Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — FUNCTION: Performs basic and applied research to understand the underlying chemistry that impacts the use, handling, and storage of current and future Navy mobility...

  17. In-Service Support of Surface Navy Combat Systems: Safety, Effectiveness, and Affordability Reviews: The Systems Engineering Process at NSWC PHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-30

    Allocate Resources • Track Corrective Actions ISEA Process for Improving Safety and Effectiveness Investment Strategy (Policy & Funding) Improved Fleet...Mobility (MOB) • Missions of State (MOS) • Naval Special Warfare (NSW) • Strike Warfare ( STW ) Figure 5. Mission Areas Covered in a Typical Platform...testing resources to fully assess a mission area capability. The SEAR Pc assessment results are also used to develop and implement operational guidance

  18. Navy Ship Acquisition: Options for Lower-Cost Ship Designs - Issues for Congress. CRS Report for Congress

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Rourke, Ronald

    2005-01-01

    .... Lower cost designs for attack submarines, aircraft carriers, larger surface combatants, and smaller surface combatants have been proposed in recent reports by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO...

  19. Navy Operational Planner

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    wine warfare NCC naval component commander NFC numbered fleet commander NM nautical mile NMP Navy mission planner NOP Navy...Planner (RASP) is another example of an operational planning tool. RASP focuses on fuel conservation as it optimizes schedules for CLF 5 ships. Brown

  20. Military Sealift Command’s Combat Logistics Force in Contested Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-12

    uncontested to contested in the maritime domain has identified deficiencies in the U.S. Navy’s Military Sealift Command (MSC) Combat Logistics Force...SUBJECT TERMS Military Sealift Command, Merchant Marine, Strategic Sealift, Contested Environment, Combat Logistics Force, Navy, EMCON, Reservists...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) NAVAL WAR COLLEGE Newport, R.I. MILITARY SEALIFT COMMAND’S COMBAT LOGISTICS FORCE IN CONTESTED

  1. Analysis of High Energy Laser Weapon Employment from a Navy Ship

    OpenAIRE

    ANG, Ching Na

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the employability of laser weapons on a Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) class ship to counter small and fast boat threats. A general model of laser weapons is established to identify the attributes that characterize the laser weapon system. Quantitative values of each attribute are compared with current laser systems (that are under development) to identify potential laser types for employment on the Navy ship. In addition, plausible operational scenarios of suicide attack...

  2. The Paradoxical Paradigm: Aviation Leadership, 1918-1926: How William Moffett Changed the Navy and How Billy Mitchell Prevented the Formation of a Separate Air Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ivy, Jack

    1997-01-01

    ... that inevitably led to independence. The author's contention is that Rear Admiral William Moffett's superior leadership and acute understanding of his organization brought about the metamorphosis of the Navy into a modern combat force...

  3. Navy Lodge Environmental Assessment

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1999-01-01

    ... only. The Proposed Action would include constructing and operating a 2-story, 50-unit Navy Lodge, with lobby, front desk, offices, housekeeping space, guest laundromat, vending area, utility rooms...

  4. Discourse Analysis of Navy Leaders' Attitudes About Mental Health Problems

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Westphal, Richard J

    2004-01-01

    .... Semi-structured interviews and military policies were used as data sources to analyze the language, knowledge, and attitudes of Navy surface fleet leaders about mental illness and mental health...

  5. Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-27

    rubber combat raiding crafts to 53-foot command boats that can carry up to 26 personnel. 32 A January 18, 2013, Navy news report stated: Sailors...Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Malaysia ; we’ll work in the areas and help build relationships with those countries in order to provide security in...apparatus, with plans to obtain more advanced craft in the future. The Coastal Riverines now operate 113 boats, ranging from rubber combat raiding crafts

  6. Excellence in the Surface Navy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    were. Tley were not just sea stories, they were beginning to take the form of myths that would serve in the future to galvanize the ship’s image of...ships. Chapters six througk fifteen are our attempt to put our finger cn it. There is a lot of " motherhood " in our 114 observations, and we don’t think

  7. Excellence in the Surface Navy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-10-22

    something like this: "You know right frcm wrong, never do anything that is ethically wrong. No one cwes you anything, take care of yourself first. lookirg in...come across as being professionals. They not only look and talk profesionally but they also get profesional results. They seem to welcome...occasion when one of his COs maneuvered in formation without takiLg into consideration the turn radius of his (the CO’s) ship. 5. The commcdore sizes up his

  8. Proceedings of U.S. Navy Symposium on Arctic/Cold Weather Operations of Surface Ships (1985) Held on 3-4 December 1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    POPDIV was an infant on the polar learning curve and at the very end of the supply chain. But the wisdom of deploying from one unit to all regions of...recommendations, there was much discussion about gloves and mittens . Personnel frequently removed them to "get the job done". Lines could not be faked-out early due...cold weather outfit (A-i), consisting of trousers, jacket, hcod and mittens performed extremely well". The Navy submarine extreme cold weather qear was

  9. Women in Combat in Tomorrow’s Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-15

    To Fight," Newsweek, 5 August 1992, 23. •Grant Willis, " Sexual Assualt an Occupational Hazard," &my Tie, 22 June 1992, p. 6. 21Kantrowitz, 30...33. Willis, Grant. " Sexual Assualt an Occupational Hazard." &my Times, 22 June 1992, p. 6. Willis, Grant. "Women’s Roles: The Debate R&ges." Army...fraternization, jealousy and sexual harassment. The routine disciplinary problems onboard these units, without the added complication of women, provide enough

  10. Navy Child Care, 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    B: NAVY OCCUPATIONS AND THEIR ABBREVIATIONS 315 APPENDIX C: MILITARY DAY CARE CENTER INFORMATION SHEET ---------------------------------- 316 APPENDIX... music , art, etc. e Naval Station, San Diego For tiny tots: one set of interlocking blocks, two sets interlocking squares, one set plastic blocks, twelve...sets peg boards, twenty puzzles, rythm instruments (six sets), one set flannel board letters, number shapes, two wooden trucks, one Tonka truck, piano

  11. Navy Program Guide 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Signal Sunnyvale, California AT&T Solutions Vienna, Virginia EDO Corporation San Jose, California General Dynamics San Jose, California L-3...teleports at Wahiawa, Hawaii; Northwest, Virginia; Lago Patria, Italy; and Bahrain. Non-Navy teleport sites are located at Fort Buckner, Oki- nawa, Japan ...Awareness de- fines MDA as the “effective understanding of anything associated with the maritime domain that could impact the security, safety, economy

  12. Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Instantiation within a Hard Real-Time, Deterministic Combat System Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreland, James D., Jr

    2013-01-01

    This research investigates the instantiation of a Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) within a hard real-time (stringent time constraints), deterministic (maximum predictability) combat system (CS) environment. There are numerous stakeholders across the U.S. Department of the Navy who are affected by this development, and therefore the system…

  13. Group Counseling for Navy Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchum, Nancy Taylor

    1991-01-01

    Conducted six-session group counseling program for Navy children (n=22) enrolled in public schools whose fathers were on deployment. Pretest and posttest scores on the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory suggest that participation in the group counseling unit positively affected self-esteem of Navy children whose fathers were on deployment. Found…

  14. Using computerised surface wound mapping to compare the potential medical effectiveness of Enhanced Protection Under Body Armour Combat Shirt collar designs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breeze, John; Allanson-Bailey, L C; Hunt, N C; Delaney, R; Hepper, A E; Lewis, E A

    2015-03-01

    Protecting the neck from explosively propelled fragments has traditionally been achieved through a collar attached to the ballistic vest. An Enhanced Protection Under Body Armour Combat Shirt (EP-UBACS) collar has been identified as an additional method of providing neck protection but limited evidence as to its potential medical effectiveness exists to justify its procurement. Entry wound locations and resultant medical outcomes were determined using Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) for all fragmentation neck wounds sustained by UK soldiers between 01 January 2010 and 31 December 2011. Data were prospectively entered into a novel computerised tool base and comparisons made between three EP-UBACS neck collar designs in terms of predicted reduction in AIS scores. All collars reduced AIS scores, with the greatest reduction provided by designs incorporating increased standoff from the neck and an additional semi-circle of ballistic material underneath the collar at the front and back. This technique confirms that reinforcing the neck collar of an EP-UBACS would be expected to reduce injury severity from neck wounds. However, without knowledge of entry wound locations for injuries to other body areas as well as the use of AIS scores without clinical or pathological verification its further use in the future may be limited. The ability to overlay any armour design onto a standardised human was potentially the most useful part of this tool and we would recommend developing this technique using underlying anatomical structures and not just the skin surface. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  15. Measuring Surface Combatant Fleet Effectiveness

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Crary, Michael

    1999-01-01

    ...? While Measures of Effectiveness for an individual ship can include its number of missiles, speed, and endurance, it is difficult to find a Measure of Effectiveness credible to experienced warplanners...

  16. Polymers for Combating Biocorrosion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Guo

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Biocorrosion has been considered as big trouble in many industries and marine environments due to causing of great economic loss. The main disadvantages of present approaches to prevent corrosion include being limited by environmental factors, being expensive, inapplicable to field, and sometimes inefficient. Studies show that polymer coatings with anticorrosion and antimicrobial properties have been widely accepted as a novel and effective approach to prevent biocorrosion. The main purpose of this review is to summarize up the progressive status of polymer coatings used for combating microbial corrosion. Polymers used to synthesize protective coatings are generally divided into three categories: (i traditional polymers incorporated with biocides, (ii antibacterial polymers containing quaternary ammonium compounds, and (iii conductive polymers. The strategies to synthesize polymer coatings resort mainly to grafting antibacterial polymers from the metal substrate surface using novel surface-functionalization approaches, such as free radical polymerization, chemically oxidative polymerization, and surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization, as opposed to the traditional approaches of dip coating or spin coating.

  17. Navy Executive Development Program, Navy Senior Leader Seminar (NSLS)

    OpenAIRE

    Williamson, Tyller

    2014-01-01

    Flyer for the Navy Senior Leader Seminar (NSLS) The Course: The Navy Senior Leader Seminar (NSLS) provides senior officers (O6/O5) and senior civilians (GS-15) with an intensive nine-day executive education program that introduces the latest "best practices" in strategic planning, goal setting, strategic communication, effects-based thinking, risk management, financial management, and innovation. The program provide participants with the knowledge and skills required to manage...

  18. Research on Navy-Related Combat Casualty Care Issues, Navy Operational-Related Injuries and Illnesses and Approaches to Enhance Navy/Marine Corps Personnel Combat Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-01

    genes or fragments as needed. GEO-CENTERS, INC. GC-PR-2728-003 June 25, 1998 Page 5 Summary Of Work Performed During Current Reporting Period...the T cell receptor (TCR), p53 exon 8, and HPV - L1 . Little evidence for presence of significant HPV DNA was found. The new position for a Scientist I...Reporting Period • Continue in primer and probe synthesis, automated sequencing analysis, cloning genes of interest, and development of rapid

  19. UK Royal Navy WWII Logbooks

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In 2006, the UK and NOAA's Climate Database Modernization Program (CDMP) funded the imaging of approximately 8,000 Royal Navy logbooks in the UK National Archives...

  20. Realizing the 1000-Ship Navy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Uhls, Dan

    2006-01-01

    While addressing the August 2005 Current Strategy Forum at the Naval War College, Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Mike Mullen unveiled what many consider the cornerstone of the United States Navy's...

  1. Navy fuel cell demonstration project.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Black, Billy D.; Akhil, Abbas Ali

    2008-08-01

    This is the final report on a field evaluation by the Department of the Navy of twenty 5-kW PEM fuel cells carried out during 2004 and 2005 at five Navy sites located in New York, California, and Hawaii. The key objective of the effort was to obtain an engineering assessment of their military applications. Particular issues of interest were fuel cell cost, performance, reliability, and the readiness of commercial fuel cells for use as a standalone (grid-independent) power option. Two corollary objectives of the demonstration were to promote technological advances and to improve fuel performance and reliability. From a cost perspective, the capital cost of PEM fuel cells at this stage of their development is high compared to other power generation technologies. Sandia National Laboratories technical recommendation to the Navy is to remain involved in evaluating successive generations of this technology, particularly in locations with greater environmental extremes, and it encourages their increased use by the Navy.

  2. Navy Heat Source Safety Tests

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, C. G.; Cartmill, W. B.

    1975-06-18

    The purpose of these tests was to validate the integrity of the Navy Heat Source after imposing conditions which might, in the extreme, be encountered singly or serially so that safety would be assured.

  3. Ship Observations - VOS and Navy

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Combination of Voluntary Observing Ship (VOS) and US Navy Ship weather observations. Obs generally taken 2-4 times daily at 00, 06, 12, and 18z.

  4. Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-18

    available approaches for countering anti- ship cruise missiles (ASCMs) and anti- ship ballistic missiles (ASBMs), how well could Navy surface ships ...Although Navy surface ships have a number of means for defending themselves against anti- ship cruise missiles (ASCMs) and anti- ship ballistic...announced that it planned to install LaWS on the USS Ponce (pronounced pon-SAY)—a converted amphibious ship that is operating in the Persian Gulf as an

  5. Combat desertification, arret deforestation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tin-Latt; Soe-Win-Hlaing

    2000-01-01

    This article presents the major progress on the actions of the Forest Department and Dry Zone Greening Department to arrest forestation and to combat desertification in the dry zone of central Myanmar

  6. Combating Sexual Assault

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    European Journal of Social Psychology, 35(6), 819-828. Bond, S. B., & Mosher, D. L. (1986). Guided imagery of rape: Fantasy, reality, and the...the Presidential action to improve the transition between DoD and DoVA care, and to combat homelessness and lack of healthcare for all combat veterans...article appeared in the journal Current Psychiatry Reports (Castro, et al., 2015). The review provides both a rich bibliography and options for

  7. Women in Combat Compendium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    law and DoD policy.”11 A recent message from the Army Public Affairs Office (PAO) states, “Army policy prohibits the assignment of women Soldiers to...assignments of women soldiers. The Army’s message , “. . . the issue is resolved” is actually confusing. As female soldiers earn awards for valor in combat...percent of male graduates enter combat arms), and there is both explicit and subliminal mentorship of female cadets guiding them toward the more

  8. Cannabis use among Navy personnel in Sri Lanka: a cross sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Silva, Varuni Asanka; Jayasekera, Nicholas; Hanwella, Raveen

    2016-03-17

    Prevalence of cannabis use among military populations vary. There is evidence that drug use is associated with combat exposure and PTSD. The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of cannabis use among Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) personnel and to identify any relationship with cannabis use and combat exposure. This cross sectional study was carried out among representative samples of SLN Special Forces (Special Boat Squadron) and regular forces deployed in combat areas. Both Special Forces and regular forces were selected using simple random sampling. Personnel who had served continuously in combat areas during the 1 year period prior to end of combat operations were included in the study. Cannabis use was defined as smoking cannabis at least once during the past 12 months. The sample consisted of 259 Special Forces and 412 regular navy personnel. Prevalence of cannabis use was 5.22% (95% CI 3.53-6.9). There was no significant difference in prevalence of cannabis use among Special Forces personnel compared to regular forces. Cannabis use was significantly higher in the age group 18-24 years [OR 4.42 (95% CI 2.18-8.97)], personnel who were never married [OR 2.02 (95% CI 0.99-4.12)], or had an educational level less than GCE O'Level [OR 4.02 (95% CI 1.17-13.78)]. There was significant association between cannabis use and hazardous alcohol use [adjusted OR 5.47 (95% CI 2.65-11.28)], PTSD [adjusted OR 4.20 (95% CI 1.08-16.38)], GHQ caseness [adjusted OR 2.83 (95% CI 1.18-6.79)] and multiple somatic complaints [adjusted OR 3.61 (95% CI 1.5-8.7)]. Cannabis use was not associated with smoking. Risk of cannabis use was less in those who had seen dead or wounded [adjusted OR 0.42 (95% CI 0.20-0.85)]. Experiencing hostility from civilians was the only combat exposure that significantly increased the risk of cannabis use [adjusted OR 4.06 (95% CI 1.06-15.56)]. Among Sri Lanka Navy personnel exposed to combat cannabis use was significantly associated with hazardous

  9. Sexual Harassment in the Navy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-12-01

    harasment is defined as: (1) influencing, offering to influ- ence, or threatening the career, pay, or job of another person in exchange for sexual favors...r AD-A097 544 NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA F/ 5/11 SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE NAVY.U) DEC 80 P J REILY UNCLASSIFIED NL EEEEEEEl/ll/lI...1112iPiETS Cf-ATALOG uUgma., o.11-.?s..,___,..°..o_ .._ 4. TITLE (a" *uld .Itd ) S. Type Or REPORT a PERIOD COVEno SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE NAVY Master’s

  10. Littoral Combat Ship: Need to Address Fundamental Weaknesses in LCS and Frigate Acquisition Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    estimated to cost more than $8 billion for ship construction alone, its approach would require Congress to appropriate funding with key unknowns . The...Washington, D.C.: Dec. 18, 2015); and Navy Shipbuilding: Significant Investments in Littoral Combat Ship Continue Amid Substantial Unknowns about...Capabilities, Use, and Cost; GAO-13-530 (Washington, D.C.: July 22, 2013). 2Lethality refers to the ability of the ship to destroy enemy targets

  11. Littoral Combat Ship and Frigate: Delaying Planned Frigate Acquisition Would Enable Better-Informed Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-01

    Report to Congressional Committees April 2017 GAO-17-323 United States Government Accountability Office United States Government... Accountability Office Highlights of GAO-17-323, a report to congressional committees April 2017 LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP AND FRIGATE Delaying Planned...successor. The Navy has noted that the selected design provides some improvements, such as multi-mission and over-the- horizon missile capabilities, at a

  12. The Combat Cloud: Enabling Multi-Domain Command and Control Across the Range of Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY THE COMBAT CLOUD ENABLING MULTI-DOMAIN COMMAND AND CONTROL ACROSS THE RANGE OF MILITARY...trend also conflicts with the air component’s preference for a relatively close FSCL that allows a larger area for AI. FSCMs that can be updated...convention: The Navy and the Air Force aren’t necessarily on the same sheet of music when it comes to network collaboration and advanced tactical

  13. Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-17

    Navy Lasers , Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress Ronald O’Rourke Specialist in Naval Affairs March 17...2017 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov R44175 Navy Lasers , Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for...surface ships to defend themselves against enemy missiles—solid state lasers (SSLs), the electromagnetic railgun (EMRG), and the hypervelocity

  14. Navy Recruit Attrition Prediction Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    who have no college experience ( Wegner & Hodari, 2004, p. 12). 5 A five year pilot program...conducted from 1999 to 2004 by J. W. Wegner and A. K. (2004) concluded homeschool accessions in the U.S. Navy had a 45.3 36 month attrition rate, while

  15. WHY NOT A SUPERMARKET NAVY?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    utilitarian missile carrier. The through-deck cruis- er is replacing the aircraft carrier, the nuclear submarine has become the capital ship of the future and ever increasing numbers of fast patrol boats are joining the navies of the world. Many modern examples of naval architecture are anything but impressive. There are sharply.

  16. Navy Advertising: Targeting Generation Z

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Command, 2012, p. 2). Local leads are overseen by the Local Marketing and Leads Analysis Division (N94). According to the NRC Field Advertising Manual ...17 1. Navy Recruiting and Advertising Budget ..................................18 H. JOINT ADVERTISING, MARKET RESEARCH AND STUDIES...7 Figure 3. Projected Continued Increase of Online Marketing and Advertising Spending from 2014 to 2019

  17. Note nuclear accidents combat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-01-01

    In this document the starting points are described which underlie the new framework for the nuclear-accident combat in the Netherlands. All the elaboration of this is indicated in main lines. The juridical consequences of the proposed structure are enlightened and the sequel activities are indicated. (H.W.). 6 figs.; 8 tabs

  18. Comparison of the Navy Working Capital Fund and Mission Funding as Applied to Navy Shipyards

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cain, Andrew M

    2006-01-01

    .... Specifically, the Navy has shifted two of its four shipyards, with authorization to shift the other two in FY07, from the Navy Working Capital Fund to mission funding through direct congressional appropriations...

  19. The Integration of the Naval Unmanned Combat Aerial System (N-UCAS) into the Future Naval Air Wing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    atomic bomb was thought to change the prevention of war aspect that the Navy pursued, but the threat of the atomic bomb was not enough. The Navy was...procuring aircraft based on atom bomb deterrence and delivery but attention was diverted from the need for conventional strike and fighter capability...5 Table 1. Aircraft Combat Radius from World War II (WWII) Through 1990s6 Period  Airframe  Distance  WW2   F6F  400nm     TBF  400nm     SB2C

  20. Sexual Harassment in the Active-Duty Navy: Findings from the 1991 Navy-Wide Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    74% r % --------------------------------------------------------- Fouleo Femal Male Mle EnilhItd Ofie EnlhisedOfie Figure 10. Sexual harasment ...NPRDC-TR-94-2 December 13 Sexual Harassment in the Active-Duty Navy: Findings from the 1991 Navy-Wide Survey ɘ DTIC Authors ELECTE Amy L Culbertson...1991-1992 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5. FUNDING NUMBERS Sexual Harassment in the Active-Duty Navy: N0002293WREE500 Findings from the 1991 Navy-Wide Survey 6

  1. China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities - Background and Issues for Congress

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Rourke, Ronald

    2007-01-01

    ...), anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs), surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), land-based aircraft, submarines, surface combatants, amphibious ships, naval mines, nuclear weapons, and possibly highpower microwave (HPM) devices...

  2. Navy Professional Reading Program: Results of the 2007 Survey

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Uriell, Zannette A; Johnson, J. S

    2008-01-01

    In 2007, the Navy instituted the Navy Professional Reading Program (NPRP), designed to empower Sailors to grow professionally by improving critical thinking and stimulating discussion through professional reading...

  3. Navy Telemedicine: Current Research and Future Directions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Reed, Cheryl

    2002-01-01

    .... This report reviews military and civilian models for evaluating telemedicine systems in order to determine future directions for Navy telemedicine research within the current funding environment...

  4. HOMER Economic Models - US Navy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bush, Jason William [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Myers, Kurt Steven [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2016-02-01

    This LETTER REPORT has been prepared by Idaho National Laboratory for US Navy NAVFAC EXWC to support in testing pre-commercial SIREN (Simulated Integration of Renewable Energy Networks) computer software models. In the logistics mode SIREN software simulates the combination of renewable power sources (solar arrays, wind turbines, and energy storage systems) in supplying an electrical demand. NAVFAC EXWC will create SIREN software logistics models of existing or planned renewable energy projects at five Navy locations (San Nicolas Island, AUTEC, New London, & China Lake), and INL will deliver additional HOMER computer models for comparative analysis. In the transient mode SIREN simulates the short time-scale variation of electrical parameters when a power outage or other destabilizing event occurs. In the HOMER model, a variety of inputs are entered such as location coordinates, Generators, PV arrays, Wind Turbines, Batteries, Converters, Grid costs/usage, Solar resources, Wind resources, Temperatures, Fuels, and Electric Loads. HOMER's optimization and sensitivity analysis algorithms then evaluate the economic and technical feasibility of these technology options and account for variations in technology costs, electric load, and energy resource availability. The Navy can then use HOMER’s optimization and sensitivity results to compare to those of the SIREN model. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Idaho National Laboratory (INL) possesses unique expertise and experience in the software, hardware, and systems design for the integration of renewable energy into the electrical grid. NAVFAC EXWC will draw upon this expertise to complete mission requirements.

  5. Music and Combat Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    1   AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY MUSIC AND COMBAT MOTIVATION by Sally C. Maddocks, Major, USAF Master of...Today, each soldier can carry their own preferred library of music including thousands of songs in their pocket. Are broadcasts still relevant...accordance with Air Force Instruction 51-303, it is not copyrighted, but is the property of the United States government.  3   Music has the power

  6. Nuclear submarines in the Royal Navy - the design challenge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Betts, C.V.

    1999-01-01

    Since the early years of the century, submarines have been among the most potent contributors to naval power. Nuclear-powered submarines, with the ability to stay continuously submerged for months and capable of the high sustained speeds previously only achieved by surface warships, now vie with aircraft carriers as the capital ships of the major navies of the world. Indeed, their unsurpassed stealth has made them the prime choice for deploying a nuclear deterrent capability. After a brief historical survey, this paper reviews the current status of the Royal Navy's nuclear submarine fleet then describes the design and construction process for a nuclear submarine. The design of any submarine is a complex and highly integrated process and the particular and far-reaching effects of incorporating nuclear steam-raising plant are discussed, along with the key safety considerations involved in nuclear submarine design and operation. The paper concludes with some thoughts on the future development of submarines. (author)

  7. 33 CFR 165.1412 - Security Zone; escorted U.S. Navy submarines in Sector Honolulu Captain of the Port Zone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... submarines in Sector Honolulu Captain of the Port Zone. 165.1412 Section 165.1412 Navigation and Navigable... Fourteenth Coast Guard District § 165.1412 Security Zone; escorted U.S. Navy submarines in Sector Honolulu... surface to the ocean floor, within 1,000 yards of any U.S. Navy submarine that is (1) Operating in the...

  8. 32 CFR 631.16 - Navy policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Navy policy. 631.16 Section 631.16 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.16 Navy policy. The...

  9. Update: Exertional rhabdomyolysis, active component, U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps, 2011-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch

    2016-03-01

    Among active component members of the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps in 2015, there were 456 incident episodes of rhabdomyolysis likely due to physical exertion or heat stress ("exertional rhabdomyolysis"). Annual rates of incident diagnoses of exertional rhabdomyolysis increased 17% between 2014 and 2015. In 2015, the highest incidence rates occurred in service members who were male; younger than 20 years of age; black, non-Hispanic; members of the Marine Corps and Army; recruit trainees; and in combat-specific occupations. Most cases of exertional rhabdomyolysis were diagnosed at installations that support basic combat/recruit training or major ground combat units of the Army or Marine Corps. Medical care providers should consider exertional rhabdomyolysis in the differential diagnosis when service members (particularly recruits) present with muscular pain and swelling, limited range of motion, or the excretion of dark urine (e.g., myoglobinuria) after strenuous physical activity, particularly in hot, humid weather.

  10. Did the Navy Get Taken

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    Buying Power]” in his April 24, 2013, memo- randum to the Department of Defense (DoD). He said BBP 2.0 should be approached with those principles in...mind. In his White Paper introducing Better Buying Power 3.0, Kendall continued to emphasize the vital importance of thinking, “. . . nothing is more...the promise; the consideration need only have “some value.” Based on the above, you might feel safe in presuming that the Navy negotiated a very

  11. Surface Warfare Officer Retention: Analysis of Individual Ready Reserve Survey Data

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stoker, Carol; Crawford, Alice

    2008-01-01

    ... (including morale and lack of mentoring), push both men and women out of the Navy. Nonetheless, the Navy s primary effort to improve retention has been to introduce the Surface Warfare Officer Continuation Pay (SWOCP...

  12. Combating WMD Journal. Issue 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    34At the capstone event, performers will demonstrate a ve - hicle that exhibits the following behaviors: safe vehicle- following; operation with...that "toe to toe nuclear combat rent to possible invasion by hostile enabled a combatant, with relative with the Ruskies" 2 was insane , irra- forces

  13. New approaches to combat Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerits, Evelien; Verstraeten, Natalie; Michiels, Jan

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT In nature, bacteria predominantly reside in structured, surface-attached communities embedded in a self-produced, extracellular matrix. These so-called biofilms play an important role in the development and pathogenesis of many infections, as they are difficult to eradicate due to their resistance to antimicrobials and host defense mechanisms. This review focusses on the biofilm-forming periodontal bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis. Current knowledge on the virulence mechanisms underlying P. gingivalis biofilm formation is presented. In addition, oral infectious diseases in which P. gingivalis plays a key role are described, and an overview of conventional and new therapies for combating P. gingivalis biofilms is given. More insight into this intriguing pathogen might direct the development of better strategies to combat oral infections. PMID:28473880

  14. Vaccines to combat smoking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bevins, Rick A; Wilkinson, Jamie L; Sanderson, Sam D

    2008-04-01

    Current US FDA-approved biological therapies for treating smoking target central nervous system processes. Although these therapies have had some success, relapse within a year is still high. Clearly additional strategies are needed to aid individuals in maintaining abstinence. We briefly discuss promising research using vaccines to combat smoking and then identify some potentially important directions for future research. Immunization with a nicotine vaccine generates drug-specific antibodies that sequester some of the nicotine in the peripheral circulation preventing it from entering the brain, thus decreasing its addictive effects. Albeit promising, much more research is necessary to identify more efficacious vaccine designs and formulations, as well as optimal immunization regimens. A further understanding of the factors contributing to the substantial individual differences in immunogenicity to these vaccines and how to best use vaccines in combination with other treatment strategies will increase the success of intervention efforts.

  15. Department of the Navy Fiscal Year 2014 Annual Financial Report. The Nation’s Total Force: At the Right Place, At the Right Time, All the Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    The DON’s policy is to preserve its heritage assets, which are items of historical, cultural , educational, or artistic importance Heritage assets...and CNO activities, and plans and programs for current and future resource requirements for activities within the DNS sponsorship FSA has 37...impact the discipline of the force and degrade combat effectiveness The Navy is committed to a culture of gender respect where no one must suffer the

  16. A Navy Escrow Account: Increasing Financial Flexibility

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pritchard, Marcus

    2003-01-01

    .... To that end, transforming the current financial practices within the DoN/DoD is required. This paper addresses the proposed Navy escrow account, a mechanism for eliminating wasteful spending while maximizing all available financial resources...

  17. Combatting poverty in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    M.Com. (Economics) Combating poverty is at the frontier of analyses in South Africa today. The study to combat poverty in South Africa is six-fold. After setting the nature of the study to be pursued in Chapter 1, the dissertation analyses the theories of poverty in Chapter 2. The record of poverty in South Africa is analysed in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 focuses on the methods to combat poverty in South Africa. Chapter 5 is a summary of the main findings of the study. A proposed structure plan ...

  18. Analysis of Navy Joint Contingency Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    Occupational Specialty MST Mission Support Team NACO Navy Acquisitions and Contracting Officer NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NAVAIR Naval Air...1306S. This means that a Supply Corps Officer completed a Navy Acquisitions and Contracting Officer ( NACO ) internship, but has not done any additional...in contracting through the NACO internship who can perform as level I Ordering Officers. But due to their rank, they would not be able to perform as

  19. O combate ao escorpionismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavio de Magalhães

    1946-09-01

    Full Text Available O outor estuda os processos de combate aos acidentes pelas picadas dos escorpiões, visando: a Profilaxia e b Terapêutica. Refere-se à luta nos campos e nas cidades e aqui, dentro e fora dos domicílios. Assinala os diferentes métodos para o combate a êsses artrópodos peçonhentos. Fala na luta direta, indireta, na vacinação pelo anaveneno, na propaganda pela educação racional da população contra o perigo dos acidentes. Refere-se à "cata" dos escorpiões, à luta química, ao emprêgo de animais escorpiófagos, á feitura de casas e jardins anti-escorpiões. Na primeira parte do presente trabalho o autor trata da luta química pelo d. D. T. contra os tityus bahiensis e serrulatus, concluindo que êste corpo químico é um poderoso elemento de luta contra êstes escorpiões. Na segunda parte do trabalho, o autor trata da terapêutica dos acidentes. Mostra a necessidade do emprêgo convenientemente da única terapêutica racional e eficaz contra a intoxicação escorpiônica: a soroterapia específica. Assinala a necessidade da injeção de doses maciças de um sôro de alta valência, preparado em bovídeos, para evitar o mais possível o choque anafilático, no menor tempo possível após as picadas. Aconselha o empêgo de anaveneno escorpiônico, para vacinação principalmente de crianças de baixa idade, nos lugares fortemente infestados pelos escorpiões (principalmente Tityus serrulatus, maximé quando no local não houver sôro anti-escorpiônico específico, como meio preventivo contra a gravidade das intoxicações. Cita finalmente os trabalhos recentes de Grasset, Shaasfsma e Hodgson, na África do Sul, que confirmam muitas idéias do autor e mostram a unidade universal do síndromo escorpiônico descrito no Brasil.

  20. 77 FR 12010 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-28

    ... anthropogenic sounds, studies of other marine animals and terrestrial animals would lead us to expect some... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Activities at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Panama City Division AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service...

  1. 78 FR 47282 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ..., and location) and marine mammal and/or indicator presence, species, number of animals, their behavior... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Activities at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Panama City Division AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service...

  2. 78 FR 34047 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-06

    ... levels for these animals may be estimated using TTS data from marine mammals and relationships between... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Activities at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Panama City Division AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service...

  3. Combat and Operational Stress Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brusher, Edward A

    2007-01-01

    Combat and Operational Stress (COS) includes all the physiological and emotional stresses encountered as a direct result of the dangers and mission demands of combat. Combat and Operational Stress Control (COSC) in the US. Army may be defined as programs developed and actions taken by military leadership to prevent, identify, and manage adverse Combat and Operational Stress Reactions (COSR) in units. This program optimizes mission performance, conserves the fighting strength, and prevents or minimizes adverse effects of COSR on Soldiers and their physical, psychological, intellectual, and social health. Its goal is to return Soldiers to duty expeditiously. COSC activities include routine screening of individuals when recruited; continued surveillance throughout military service, especially before, during, and after deployment; and continual assessment and consultation with medical and other personnel from garrison to the battlefield.

  4. Advanced Capabilities for Combat Medics

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Convertino, Victor A; Cooke, William H; Salinas, Jose; Holcomb, John B

    2004-01-01

    The US Army Institute of Surgical Research (USAISR) has the lead for directing the Research Program Area for Advanced Triage Capabilities for Combat Medics in the Medical Research and Materiel Command (MRMC...

  5. The Combat-System/Ship-System Interface,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-02-01

    Identify by block nubee ) This report describes some of the work being done by the Combat Systems Department of the Naval Surface Weapons Center in the...CL 0 nu L Ut-1 I I l l ~ l I I I LA I u ~ l I I I I I- I n I I I I I I < I I I riI I I 1 1. I a Z I u 0 1 1> 1 W C I C I Il ~ I I <. < z L < m zCL.zW

  6. Unmanned Surface Combatant Considerations for Concept Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    157 viii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Thank you to NSWC Carderock, SUPSHIP Bath and ONR for allowing us to use their resources to...rated red. Table 10. Naval Special Warfare sub-operational capabilities The Strike Warfare ( STW ) capability requires the destruction or...mission to pursue. Three operational areas were eliminated MOB, NSW and STW . The remaining five areas were determined to be less than optimal for the USV

  7. Efficient Mechanisms to Allocate Assignment Incentives in the Navy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nimon, R. W; Hall, Ricky D; Zaki, Hossam

    2005-01-01

    .... All assignments, however, may not necessarily be voluntary. These assignments (jobs) have been labeled as "hard to fill" by Navy leadership, and the Navy has implemented market-based, cash stipends to attract Sailors to these jobs...

  8. Tudo Pela Patria: The Brazilian Navy's Drive to Blue Water

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Conners, Michael E

    2005-01-01

    The Brazilian Navy is unique among most world navies today. Since the end of the Cold War, most nations have reduced their naval power, yet Brazil has maintained a determination to possess a blue-water fleet...

  9. Navy Ship Deployments: New Approaches - Background and Issues for Congress

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Rourke, Ronald

    2004-01-01

    The Navy is implementing or experimenting with new kinds of naval formations, more flexible forward-deployment schedules, forward-homeporting additional Navy ships, and long-duration deployments with crew rotation...

  10. Numerical Model Metrics Tools in Support of Navy Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dykes, J. D.; Fanguy, P.

    2017-12-01

    Increasing demands of accurate ocean forecasts that are relevant to the Navy mission decision makers demand tools that quickly provide relevant numerical model metrics to the forecasters. Increasing modelling capabilities with ever-higher resolution domains including coupled and ensemble systems as well as the increasing volume of observations and other data sources to which to compare the model output requires more tools for the forecaster to enable doing more with less. These data can be appropriately handled in a geographic information system (GIS) fused together to provide useful information and analyses, and ultimately a better understanding how the pertinent model performs based on ground truth.. Oceanographic measurements like surface elevation, profiles of temperature and salinity, and wave height can all be incorporated into a set of layers correlated to geographic information such as bathymetry and topography. In addition, an automated system that runs concurrently with the models on high performance machines matches routinely available observations to modelled values to form a database of matchups with which statistics can be calculated and displayed, to facilitate validation of forecast state and derived variables. ArcMAP, developed by Environmental Systems Research Institute, is a GIS application used by the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and naval operational meteorological and oceanographic centers to analyse the environment in support of a range of Navy missions. For example, acoustic propagation in the ocean is described with a three-dimensional analysis of sound speed that depends on profiles of temperature, pressure and salinity predicted by the Navy Coastal Ocean Model. The data and model output must include geo-referencing information suitable for accurately placing the data within the ArcMAP framework. NRL has developed tools that facilitate merging these geophysical data and their analyses, including intercomparisons between model

  11. Navy's "Full Ship Shock Trials" as Opportunities for USGS/CTBTO Seismic System Evaluation and Calibration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jih, R. S.

    2016-12-01

    The U.S. Navy conducts "full ship shock trials" (FSST) on new construction ships to validate the ability the ship to carry out assigned missions in the combat shock environment. The shock trial attempts to simulate the effects of a near-miss underwater explosion by detonating 10,000 pound high explosive charges near the ship. On June 10, June 23, and July 16, 2016, respectively, the Navy carried out three FSSTs on the Littoral Combat Ship USS Jackson (LCS-6) off Florida coast. The three events were well recorded in eastern United States, and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) reported the events as "experimental explosions", with magnitudes in 3.7-3.8; and 78, 82, and 114 associated/picked phases, respectively. The CTBTO's seismic bulletin has the first and third FSSTs reported, but not the second. CTBTO's International Monitoring Systems (IMS) stations in the United States (Tuckaleechee of TN, Lajitas of TX, Mina of NV, Eilson of AK), Canada (Lac du Bonnet), Turkey (Belbashi), Finland (Lahti), and Australia (Warramunga, Alice Springs) saw some of these events. In addition, five hydrophone channels at Ascension Island hydroacoustic array detected two events. IDC did not "screen out" the detected FSSTs as earthquakes. Both USGS and IDC locations are fairly reasonable. In the case of USGS, the events are off shore, while most of the reporting seismic stations are on land, on one side. The test area selected by the Navy for FSSTs is a narrow hexagon, bounded by two arcs: the 600-ft depth bathymetry on the west, and an arc of radius 120 nautical miles centered at Mayport Naval Station (Florida). The seismic solutions determined by USGS and IDC lie inside the hexagon, using the standard single-event location algorithm. In the seismic monitoring mission area, it has been well known that the best calibration data points are those well-recorded, controlled active-source experiments for which the Ground Truth (of the event size, origin time, and coordinates) are known - such

  12. Reinforcement Learning Applications to Combat Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    DISTRIBUTION CODE 13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words) Crucial to the safe and effective operation of U.S. Navy vessels is the quick and accurate...PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK v ABSTRACT Crucial to the safe and effective operation of U.S. Navy vessels is the quick and accurate...55  INITIAL DISTRIBUTION LIST ...................................................................................57  ix LIST

  13. COMBATING PIRACY: THE INDONESIAN CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melda Kamil Ariadno

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Piracy at sea has been a threat to international navigation ever since the sea traverse by ships from west to east and north to south. Threat to international trade has resulted to various efforts in combating piracy regionally as well as internationally. International law has differentiated between piracy and sea-armed robbery, while the first requires regional or international cooperation due to universal jurisdiction, the second will directly fall under the jurisdiction of coastal state. Strait of Malacca has been used by international navigation and very fragile to the threat of piracy or even appropriately called as sea armed robbery since most of the time happened in the part of Indonesian territorial sea. Various efforts to combat piracy have been carried out by Indonesia including to cooperate with Malaysia and Singapore. This article discuss about piracy at sea, its legal definition and effort to combat piracy.

  14. U.S. Navy Energy Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    suit was later unsuccessful, and in 1919, title to tile railroad’s lands was confirmed by tile Federal Courts when tile Department of Justice failed to...pursue the suit through the courts . |4 5.1,2.3. Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 (Teapot Dome) On June 29, 1914, the Secretary of the Navy wrote the...and final acconting system have given the DOD and tite Navy tile proper tools for developing an effective fuel management system. 6.5.4 Pollution

  15. Navy Operational Planner - Undersea Warfare Module

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    CLASSIFICATION OF ABSTRACT Unclassified 20. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT UU NSN 7540–01-280-5500 Standard Form 298 (Rev. 2–89) Prescribed by ANSI...Convergence Zone DP Direct Path HVU High Value Unit MCM Mine Sweeper MIW Mine Warfare NMP Navy Mission Planner NOP Navy Operational Planner NOP–USW...Illustrated in Figure 1 is a piecewise linear from of the equation 1 tAchievement e   , where Achievement is the probability that a mine field

  16. Preventing pollution from US Navy ships

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bentley, R.; Edgar, V.E.

    1999-01-01

    In executing its military mission, the United States Navy is required to be 'on station' for extended periods of time. The demands of a sustained military presence pose a serious dilemma in meeting international environmental mandates. On one hand, the Navy must conduct protracted peacetime operations in a relatively confined area in order to fulfill military needs in support of national interests. Yet, on the other hand, naval operations in that area may be constrained by requirements to refrain from disposing of solid waste in order to be in compliance with foreign laws and international treaties

  17. Ocean Ensemble Forecasting in the Navy Earth System Prediction Capability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowley, C. D.; Hogan, P. J.; Frolov, S.; Wei, M.; Thoppil, P. G.; Smedstad, O. M.; Barton, N. P.; Bishop, C. H.

    2016-12-01

    An extended range ensemble forecast system is being developed in the US Navy Earth System Prediction Capability (ESPC). A global ocean ensemble generation capability to support the coupled ESPC ensemble forecast has been developed, and initial assessments are underway. The ocean ensemble generation is based on a perturbed-observation analysis developed for the Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation system (NCODA). The resulting analysis perturbations are used to represent uncertainty in the initial conditions of a global ocean forecast ensemble using the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). For cycling with HYCOM, the NCODA system performs a 3D variational analysis of temperature, salinity, geopotential, and vector velocity using remotely-sensed SST, SSH, and sea ice concentration, plus in situ observations of temperature, salinity, and currents from ships, buoys, XBTs, CTDs, profiling floats, and autonomous gliders. Sea surface height is assimilated through synthetic temperature and salinity profiles generated using the Modular Ocean Data Assimilation System (MODAS) historical regression database with surface height and surface temperature as inputs. Perturbations to the surface and profile observations use random samples from a normal distribution scaled by the observation error standard deviation, which combines estimates of instrument and representation error. Perturbations to the synthetic profiles are generated by supplying the perturbed surface inputs to the MODAS system, resulting in correlated profile changes with vertical correlations associated with historical uncertainty about thermocline depth and gradients. Initial results from a cycling global analysis show the analysis perturbations have scales and amplitudes consistent with short term forecast error covariances, and improve measures of ensemble forecast skill regionally and globally. Assessments of the global ocean ensemble forecast skill using the perturbed observation analysis will be presented

  18. Risks Associated with Fresh Whole Blood and Red Blood Cell Transfusions in a Combat Support Hospital

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Spinella, Philip C; Perkins, Jeremy G; Grathwohl, Kurt W; Repine, Thomas; Beekley, Alec C; Sebesta, James; Jenkins, Donald; Azarow, Kenneth; Holcomb, John B

    2007-01-01

    .... Between April 2004 and December 2004, FWB was prescreened only at one combat support hospital for human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C virus, and hepatitis B surface antigen before transfusion...

  19. Evaluation of Fleet Ownership versus Global Allocation of Ships in the Combat Logistics Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Doyle, David E

    2006-01-01

    .... He tracks daily inventories of 13 battle groups --- carrier strike groups, expeditionary strike groups, surface strike groups, and a littoral combat ship squadron --- to gain insight into how to...

  20. Battlemind Training: Transitioning Home from Combat

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Castro, Carl A; Hoge, Charles W; Milliken, Charles W; McGurk, Dennis; Adler, Amy B; Cox, Anthony; Bliese, Paul D

    2006-01-01

    .... Destruction, injury, and death were ever present in the combat zone. Transitioning from combat to home can be difficult, and many Soldiers encounter readjustment problems ranging from elevated post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD...

  1. Digital Head Avatars for combat helmet fit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oudenhuijzen, A.J.K.; Haar, F.B. ter

    2018-01-01

    Today’s combat helmet is becoming more than only a means to protect the warriors head. It is increasingly also used as a platform for sensors and has to integrate with other protection devices. As such, the combat helmet is becoming an integrated system with higher demands on combat helmet fit and

  2. Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    strategy was intended to use the carrot of the third FY2010 ship to generate bidding pressure on the two industry teams for both the FY2009 ships and the...DDG-81 and higher class [destroyer] hull forms. And that really needs to be upon 12-ish ( ph ) [sic: a POM-12 issue],71 because right now there is no

  3. Combat Pair: The Evolution of Air Force-Navy Integration in Strike Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Reuven Leopold, Sea-Based Aviation and the Next U.S. Aircraft Carrier Design: The CVX , MIT Security Studies Program Occasional Paper, Cambridge, Mass...www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG404/ Leopold, Reuven, Sea-Based Aviation and the Next U.S. Aircraft Carrier Design: The CVX , MIT Security Studies

  4. The Littoral Combat Ship: Is the US Navy Assuming Too Much Risk?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-16

    Robert M. Brown, M.M.A.S. , Member Phillip G. Pattee , M.M.A.S. , Member, Consulting Faculty Ronald E. Cuny, Ph.D. Accepted...much risk. iv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank my committee chair Mr. Robert Brown, committee member Mr. Phillip Pattee , and...

  5. Combat Pair: The Evolution of Air Force-Navy Integration in Strike Warfare

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lambeth, Benjamin

    2007-01-01

    ... any significant interoperability features. The most influential factor accounting for this gradual trend toward integration was the nation's ten-year experience with Operations Northern and Southern Watch, in which both Air Force land-based...

  6. Evaluation of the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Potential for the Turkish Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    Germany and the Allied Powers primarily Great Britain France the United States and Italy was signed on 28 June 1919. 35 Connelly and Krakow, 2003...comfort. The Lockheed Martin-led team includes the naval architectural firm Gibbs & Cox, shipbuilders Marinette Marine and Bollinger Shipyards.71

  7. Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Rourke, Ronald

    2008-01-01

    Of the Coast Guard's three polar icebreakers, two Polar Star and Polar Sea have exceeded their intended 30-year service lives, and Polar Star is not operational and has been caretaker status since July 1, 2006...

  8. Fleet Sizing Analysis Methodologies for the Royal Australian Navy’s Combat Helicopter Replacement Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    at a higher rate. Other tails will fly at a lower rate to offset this higher rate of effort. The remainder will fly at a pro rata rate based on the...a daily rate within these constraints which is determined pro rata from the annual rate. This method easily accommodates changes to the number of...a pro rata basis; and • A low rate of effort, where remaining embarked flights offset the rate of effort generated by tails flying at the surge

  9. Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-05

    overweight , Capt. Casey Moton, program executive officer for LCS mission modules, said July 30 at a Mine Warfare Association luncheon near the Pentagon...of the host MH-60S aircraft’s systems and its associated AMCM Mission Kit limited AMNS mission availability. Frequent loss of fiber -optic

  10. Designing Optimal Organizational Structures for Combat Information Centers in the Next Generation of Navy Ships

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Paley, Michael J; Levchuk, Yuri N; Serfaty, Daniel; MacMillan, Jean

    1999-01-01

    .... Over the years, research in organizational decision making has demonstrated that a strong functional dependency exists between the specific structure of a task environment and the resulting optimal...

  11. Evidence of combat in triceratops.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew A Farke

    Full Text Available The horns and frill of Triceratops and other ceratopsids (horned dinosaurs are interpreted variously as display structures or as weapons against conspecifics and predators. Lesions (in the form of periosteal reactive bone, healing fractures, and alleged punctures on Triceratops skulls have been used as anecdotal support of intraspecific combat similar to that in modern horned and antlered animals. If ceratopsids with different cranial morphologies used their horns in such combat, this should be reflected in the rates of lesion occurrence across the skull.We used a G-test of independence to compare incidence rates of lesions in Triceratops (which possesses two large brow horns and a smaller nasal horn and the related ceratopsid Centrosaurus (with a large nasal horn and small brow horns, for the nasal, jugal, squamosal, and parietal bones of the skull. The two taxa differ significantly in the occurrence of lesions on the squamosal bone of the frill (P = 0.002, but not in other cranial bones (P > 0.20.This pattern is consistent with Triceratops using its horns in combat and the frill being adapted as a protective structure for this taxon. Lower pathology rates in Centrosaurus may indicate visual rather than physical use of cranial ornamentation in this genus, or a form of combat focused on the body rather than the head.

  12. Better systems for combating MRSA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shabha, Ghasson

    2009-03-01

    Ghasson Shabha, Facilities Management MSc course leader at the School of Property, Construction and Planning at Birmingham City University, examines the effectiveness of current design and management intervention systems in combating MRSA and other hospital-acquired infections in British hospitals.

  13. Combating Training-Stress Syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voight, Mike

    2002-01-01

    Addresses the nature and ramifications of various training stress syndromes (overtraining, under-recovery, distress, staleness, and burnout) that can accompany inappropriate training practices, examining the interventions that players and coaches can use to combat these syndromes (including physical, psychological, and performance interventions),…

  14. New Russian Combat Small Boats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr F. Mitrofanov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an overview of small combat boats. The author provides a description and gives an analysis of the characteristics of the boat "Raptor", boat "BK-16", boat "Strizh-4-1 DSh", and assault boat "BK-10".

  15. Combating corruption in global health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Tim K; Kohler, Jillian; Lewis, Maureen; Vian, Taryn

    2017-08-09

    Corruption is a critical challenge to global health efforts, and combating it requires international action, advocacy, and research. Copyright © 2017 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.

  16. Contemporary Sexism in the South African Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Wijk, Charles H.

    2011-01-01

    The military traditionally embraces highly sexist attitudes. Over the past decade, the South African Navy (SAN) has been exposed to an increasingly progressive political environment. This study investigated contemporary expressions of sexism in the SAN. A representative sample of 476 sailors completed the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory, Modern Sexism…

  17. U.S. Navy Program Guide 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Procurement System (EPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Naval Operational Business Logistics Enterprise (NOBLE) . . . . . 154 Naval Tactical Command...affordable integration of modern sensors and communications networks. The P-8A leverages global logistics support infrastructure and com- mercial...organizational consistency, scalability, and flexibility to transition between various command roles , and enhanced global network- ing among Navy-maritime

  18. Evaluation of the Navy Master Planning Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-05-01

    econoilic, environmental and socia -political impli- cations. -47 - NOTES: PART I I Department of the Navy, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, "Command...directive aciually pre- dated the NAVFAC master planning instruction. It stated- ’(Ma~ter plans) will become the media for maintaining continuity in future

  19. Introduction to Sonar, Navy Training Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naval Personnel Program Support Activity, Washington, DC.

    Fundamentals of sonar systems are presented in this book, prepared for both regular navy and naval reserve personnel who are seeking advancement in rating. An introductory description is first made of submarines and antisubmarine units. Determination of underwater targets is analyzed from the background of true and relative bearings, true and…

  20. Navy Medicine Professional Development Center (NMPDC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-15

    Surgery (BUMED M7) Falls Church, VA Navy Medicine Education and Training Command (NMETC) San Antonio, TX NMPDC Bethesda, MD 4 echelon 3...Training and residency programs: •Two-year residencies in comprehensive dentistry, endodontics •Three-year residencies in oral and... maxillofacial pathology, orofacial pain, periodontics, and prosthodontics • One-year fellowship in maxillofacial prosthetics • Maxillofacial prosthetics

  1. Navy Ship Names: Background for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    evolutionary change, and the name sources of the Navy’s ships have not been immune to this change.”9 The July 2012 Navy report to Congress states that...Legion of Honor, and the Croix de Guerre with Gilt Star and 2 palms; Whereas during World War II, Clifton B. Cates led Marines at Guadalcanal, and

  2. Wind and Solar Energy Resource Assessment for Navy Installations in the Midwestern US

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darmenova, K.; Apling, D.; Higgins, G. J.; Carnes, J.; Smith, C.

    2012-12-01

    A stable supply of energy is critical for sustainable economic development and the ever-increasing demand for energy resources drives the need for alternative weather-driven renewable energy solutions such as solar and wind-generated power. Recognizing the importance of energy as a strategic resource, the Department of the Navy has focused on energy efficient solutions aiming to increase tactical and shore energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Implementing alternative energy solutions will alleviate the Navy installations demands on the National power grid, however transitioning to renewable energy sources is a complex multi-stage process that involves initial investment in resource assessment and feasibility of building solar and wind power systems in Navy's facilities. This study focuses on the wind and solar energy resource assessment for Navy installations in the Midwestern US. We use the dynamically downscaled datasets at 12 km resolution over the Continental US generated with the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to derive the wind climatology in terms of wind speed, direction, and wind power at 20 m above the surface for 65 Navy facilities. In addition, we derived the transmissivity of the atmosphere, diffuse radiation fraction, cloud cover and seasonal energy potential for a zenith facing surface with unobstructed horizon for each installation location based on the results of a broadband radiative transfer model and our cloud database based on 17-years of GOES data. Our analysis was incorporated in a GIS framework in combination with additional infrastructure data that enabled a synergistic resource assessment based on the combination of climatological and engineering factors.

  3. Navy Role in Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) -- Background and Issues for Congress

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Rourke, Ronald

    2006-01-01

    ...). The Navy's role in the GWOT raises several potential oversight issues for Congress, including the need for an increased Navy role, and the amount of Navy personnel and funding associated with GWOT-related activities...

  4. Annotated Bibliography of Diversity Research Issues in the Navy and U. S. Military

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Burress, Landrus; Uriell, Zannette A; Kee, Amanda R; Rosenfeld, Paul; Alderton, David L

    2008-01-01

    ... and parenthood in the Navy. Recently, top Navy leadership has expressed support for an encompassing diversity framework to guide Navy policy in these areas with the goals being to maximize teamwork and productivity so as to...

  5. Detecting and combating malicious email

    CERN Document Server

    Ryan, Julie JCH

    2014-01-01

    Malicious email is, simply put, email with a malicious purpose. The malicious purpose could be fraud, theft, espionage, or malware injection. The processes by which email execute the malicious activity vary widely, from fully manual (e.g. human-directed) to fully automated. One example of a malicious email is one that contains an attachment which the recipient is directed to open. When the attachment is opened, malicious software is installed on the recipient's computer. Because malicious email can vary so broadly in form and function, automated detection is only marginally helpful. The education of all users to detect potential malicious email is important to containing the threat and limiting the damage. It is increasingly necessary for all email users to understand how to recognize and combat malicious email. Detecting and Combating Malicious Email describes the different types of malicious email, shows how to differentiate malicious email from benign email, and suggest protective strategies for both perso...

  6. Combating WMD Journal. Issue 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    smuggling networks capable of trafficking WMD- related materiel or finished weapons; the status of CBRN detection capa- bilities at land/ sea /air points of... dead , more than 800 injured) causes discussion of terrorist use of high explosives as a “WMD” incident. The FBI and FEMA create a terrorist...Counterproliferation This will bring you to the Nuclear and Counterprolif- eration page. Scroll towards the bottom and you will see Combating WMD Journal

  7. Combat Medals, Streamers, and Campaigns

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    the late Mr. Charles A. Ravenstein , Deputy Chief of the Research Division, for his help with unit honors; Mr. Lloyd H. Comett, Jr., former Director...Washington: Albert F. Simpson Historical Research Center and Office of Air Force History, 1978-1979. Ravenstein , Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings...Robert D. and Wilhelmine Burch. Air Operations in the Lebanon Crisis of 1958. Washington: USAF Historical Division Liaison Office, 1962. Ravenstein

  8. A Theory of Combative Advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Yuxin Chen; Yogesh V. Joshi; Jagmohan S. Raju; Z. John Zhang

    2009-01-01

    In mature markets with competing firms, a common role for advertising is to shift consumer preferences towards the advertiser in a tug-of-war, with no effect on category demand. In this paper, we analyze the effect of such “combative” advertising on market power. We show that, depending on the nature of consumer response, combative advertising can reduce price competition to benefit competing firms. However, it can also lead to a procompetitive outcome where individual firms advertise to incr...

  9. Combating cyberspace fraud in Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Grobler, M

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available in Africa Marthie Grobler, Joey Jansen van Vuuren Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Defence, Peace, Safety & Security © CSIR 2007 www.csir.co.za Combating cyber crime in Africa is a reality • Computer crime... throughout the African community, especially not to those areas with limited connectivity © CSIR 2007 www.csir.co.za Primary cyberspace threats and trends: Shortage of IT education • Building on the digital divide...

  10. Combating WMD Journal. Issue 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    requirements and sets standards that will take time and money to meet. It is an opportunity because the DODI will fo- cus attention on CBRN... infertile by Salt. Source: Death Valley (photo courtesy of pdphoto.org). Combating WMD Journal Issue 3 56 the earliest use of weapons. Poi...considered a psychological weapon. The recipients of a barrage of Greek fire could not explain how the fire would ignite spontaneously, rise up, be

  11. Combats escènics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pawel Rouba Billowicz

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available “Combats Escènics” és un treball que tracta sobre la interpretació artística de la violència d’artistes de l’espectacle per tal de divertir el públic i emetre un missatge humanista mitjançant una coreografia ritual. En aquest estudi es presenta una classificació del combat escènic des del doble vessant agonista/antagonista, es realitza un passeig històric de la representació artística del combat a través de les diferents etapes i de les diverses cultures, s’aborda la preparació escènica de l’actor i del coreògraf, i s’entreveuen les perspectives de futur d’aquesta modalitat artística. Estudi realitzat per Pawel Rouba Billewicz (Inowroclaw, Polònia, 1939 - Barcelona, 2007, director, coreògraf, actor, mestre d’armes, mestre del gest i de la pantomima i professor de l’INEF de Catalunya. Aquest article, editorialment inèdit, es publica postmortem per Apunts. Educació Física i Esports com a homenatge i reconeixement de l’autor per la seva extraordinària i polivalent aportació al camp de l’art i l’Activitat Física i l’Esport.

  12. A systems approach towards high energy laser implementation aboard navy ships

    OpenAIRE

    Reyes, David L.

    2007-01-01

    The next generation of naval surface vessels will feature a weapon system with pinpoint accuracy, deep magazines, lower cost per kill shot ratio (~ price of fuel), and delivery at the speed of light, this transformational weapon system will provide significant advantages over the conventional systems of today. The Free Electron Laser maintains the greatest potential to become the Navy's first line of shipboard defense and possible a major component in the National Missile Defense Shield, ...

  13. Study of Female Junior Officer Retention and Promotion in the U.S. Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Shuford, R. W. (2013). Navy officer diversity and the retention of women and minorities: A look at the surface warfare and aviation communities ( DRM ...aviation communities ( DRM -2013-U-005306-Final). Arlington, VA: Center for Naval Analysis (CNA). Kraus et al. (2013) found that the following...warfare and aviation communities ( DRM -2013-U-005306-Final). Arlington, VA: Center for Naval Analysis (CNA). As seen in Table 12, a plus or minus sign

  14. Center for Navy Business Excellence a catalyst for business transformation

    OpenAIRE

    Meek, Gordon E.

    2005-01-01

    In order to remain relevant in the face of both national and global challenges, the U.S. Navy must recognize that its once useful organizational constructs and business operations that fought the Cold War must be supplanted by significantly more nimble and effective organizations and business models. To realize the Force Transformation vision as outlined by Sea Power 21, the Navy must be vigilant in transforming its business operations. The Navy has devised several business improvement strate...

  15. The Patrol Boat Navy: An Emergent Force in the Mediterranean

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-03-01

    patrol boat navies is offered with particular attention given to the Arab -Israeli Conflict, Foreign Power Interests, and the move for Arab ...development of patrol boat navies is offered with particular attention given to the Arab -Israeli Conflict, Foreign Power Interests, and the move for... Arab Independence. Finally, the study serves to illustrate the threat posed by missile-armed patrol craft in emerging navies world-wide. TABLE OF

  16. Critical Review of the Navy Space Cadre

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    DOD Department of Defense DON Department of the Navy DS4 director of space forces EAS executive agent for space ELINT electronic intelligence ESG ...on CSG, CPR, or expeditionary strike group ( ESG ) staffs that are not coded as sea-based billets. Overall, the ZBR report and recommended billet...48 billet, and one communications billet.192 CSG-8 has two space billets, one each for IW and mine warfare. All three active ESGs have space-coded

  17. Navy Ship Names: Background for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-14

    designation. O’Neill is a Roman Catholic. Navy Secretary John F. Lehman, Jr., a Catholic, has defended the name USS Corpus Christi, saying the...spring when Roman Catholic and other religious leaders and peace activists objected to the original name Corpus Christi, which in Latin means “Body of...Naval Shipyard. Portland also has the largest port in Maine, and it is home to men and women whose livelihood relies upon the ocean and its

  18. U.S. Navy Climate Change Roadmap

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    Climate change is a national security challenge with strategic implications for the Navy. Climate change will lead to increased tensions in nations...with weak economies and political institutions. While climate change alone is not likely to lead to future conflict, it may be a contributing factor... Climate change is affecting, and will continue to affect, U.S. military installations and access to natural resources worldwide. It will affect the

  19. The Application of NTP to Navy Platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-12-01

    HiPer -D time synchronization subnet peflormance. In additon, this paper Sentifis ongoing and future work required to provide a stable robust time...The High Performance Distributed Computing Program ( HiPer -D) is a joint effort between the Navy (the AEGIS Program Office) and the Defense Advanced...to the HiPer -D testbed. The HiPer -D testbed includes a heterogeneous computing base operating in a distributed fashion over multiple network

  20. Department of the Navy: Annual Financial Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    implemented the eBusiness (eB) initiative to shift its business transactions to follow commercial standards and practices. The initiative centers on the...be not be any trend information for FY 2001 and prior. 97 General Fund Notes to the Principal Statements F3875 F3880 F3882 F3885 F3886 Total $ 96,358...1,482 40 Annual Deferred Sustainment Trend FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Navy Marine Corps Building, Structures, and Utilities - 501 40 Restoration and

  1. Globalization and U.S. Navy Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-07-01

    technology -triggered global chaos that leads to accidental strategic war between the more advanced countries. This proposition comes off as far-fetched...In short, a good section of the global population—both North and South—fear that science and technology have simply outpaced our capacity for rule...CRM D0005743.A1/Final July 2002 Globalization and U.S. Navy Forces is XX *> »^ H. H. Gaffney CNA Alexandria, Virginia • 4325 Mark center Drive 22311

  2. Designing a Better Navy Aviation Retention Bonus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    NMI non- monetary incentive NROTC Navy Reserve Officer’s Training Corps OHA Overseas Housing Allowance OPTEMPO operational tempo PEP Pilot Exchange...all relevant literature that has contributed to the development of this proposed system. This includes economic and contract theory as well as a...here is to build upon their work as well as use literature on economic theory and civilian contracts to build a new bonus system. A. ACADEMIC

  3. 2002 Navy Quality of Life Survey: Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-30

    religion or spirituality an important factor in your life ? Yes No 1 2 Go to LIFE AS A WHOLE on...Decreases desire to stay Greatly decreases desire to stay1 2 3 4 5 77. Is religion or spirituality an important factor in your life ? Yes No 1 2 Go to LIFE ...2004 2002 Navy Quality of Life Survey: Methodology Gerry L. Wilcove, Ph.D. Mary Sue Hay, Ph.D. Approved for public release; distribution is

  4. Navy Water Conservation Guide for Shore Activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-07-01

    water overuse, abuse, and apa - tation of the principles of water con- thy. DOE estimates that water use servation at your Navy facility will in the...Sacramento, CA: 1994. Camacho, Norma , et. al. Water Conservation Technology Guide. NEESA-1 - 040. Naval Energy and Environmental Support Activity...Conservation Technology Document, Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory, page 7-8. Port Hueneme, CA: 1985. Figure 4-7: Camacho, Norma , et. al. NEESA 1-040

  5. Utilization of Small Businesses in Navy Subcontracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    calculations of the original scorecard. This new DON Small Business Procurement Scorecard allows a direct comparison with DOD achievement and since SBA...PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, CA 93943-5000 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9...Navy ( DON ) is quite possibly leaving behind the potential for more small-business participation in the area of subcontracting. The DON utilizes many

  6. A Soviet Navy for the Nuclear Age,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-04-01

    8217 exploits and Peter the Great (1672-1725). Senior Soviet naval officers and other Soviet naval publicists often recount a glorious naval heritage...schools of thought on the best naval strategy for the Soviet Union between the wars shows that, even given general acceptance of a continental...orientation for Soviet military strategy , differing views on the kind of navy required could exist.7 There was an "Old School Strategy " which would have

  7. Navy ManTech 2010 Project Book

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    potential processes included: self - piercing rivets , adhesive bonding, gas metal arc welding, resistance welding, and laser welding. Many of these...less than 40 lbs) items onboard US Navy ships. The conventional, labor-intensive method of welding, riveting and bolting adds unwanted cost, time...methods involve welding, bolting, and riveting , a labor-intensive and time-consuming process where the average time to install these items using the

  8. Investigating Navy Officer Retention Using Data Farming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    OFFICER RETENTION USING DATA FARMING by Aurel N. DeHollan September 2015 Thesis Advisor: Samuel E. Buttrey Second Reader: Thomas W...COVERED Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE INVESTIGATING NAVY OFFICER RETENTION USING DATA FARMING 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) DeHollan...historical loss rates. The application of data farming to this model allows for investigation of different scenarios that can provide insight into both

  9. Preparing soldiers for the stress of combat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flanagan, Stephen C; Kotwal, Russ S; Forsten, Robert D

    2012-01-01

    Protracted use of stressors during military training courses does not necessarily enhance a Soldier?s ability to regulate stress on the battlefield. Extensive stress during training can be a contributing factor to suboptimal neurologic and overall long-term health. Prolonged high-stress military training programs, as well as extended duration combat deployments, should be comprehensively scrutinized for opportunities to preserve health and increase combat effectiveness. Contemporary research in neuroscience and psychology can provide insight into training techniques that can be used to control stress and optimize performance in combat. Physical fitness training programs can elevate the stress threshold. Extensive situational training can also inoculate Soldiers to specific combat stressors. Training methods such as these will enable Soldiers to achieve higher levels of performance while under enemy fire and are encouraged for units deploying to combat. combat stress, military training, military deployment, physical training, post-traumatic stress disorder, sleep deprivation, stress inoculation training. 2012.

  10. Combat aircraft mission tradeoff models for conceptual design evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Malakhoff, Lev A

    1988-01-01

    A methodology is developed to address the analyses of combat aircraft attrition. The operations of an aircraft carrier task force are modeled using the systems dynamics simulation language DYNAMO. The three mission-roles include: surface attack, lighter escort, and carrier defense. The level of analysis is performed over the entire campaign, going beyond the traditional single·sortie analysis level. These analyses are performed by determining several measures of effectiveness (...

  11. Navy Family Advocacy Program: The Demographics of Family Violence in the Navy and Marine Corps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    comparison group. Again, the analysis is broken into Navy comparisons and Marine compari- sons , and a separate analysis is done for each incident type...having children under 18 years of age are headed by married people. Put another way, one-fifth of these households do not consist of a mother and father...abuse _______ c) Sexual assault _______ r ~Do you keep separate numbers on incest ? ____ A-1- C:-I 4. What would be your estimate of the number of Navy or

  12. Strategies to combat antimicrobial resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchil, Rajesh R; Kohli, Gurdeep Singh; Katekhaye, Vijay M; Swami, Onkar C

    2014-07-01

    The global burden of antimicrobial resistance is rising and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in clinical and community setting. Spread of antibiotic resistance to different environmental niches and development of superbugs have further complicated the effective control strategies. International, national and local approaches have been advised for control and prevention of antimicrobial resistance. Rational use of antimicrobials, regulation on over-the-counter availability of antibiotics, improving hand hygiene and improving infection prevention and control are the major recommended approaches. Thorough understanding of resistance mechanism and innovation in new drugs and vaccines is the need. A multidisciplinary, collaborative, regulatory approach is demanded for combating antimicrobial resistance.

  13. Expert Graphics System Research in the Department of the Navy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duff, Jon M.

    1987-01-01

    Presents current trends in the development of expert systems within the Department of the Navy, particularly research into expert graphics systems intended to support the Authoring Instructional Methods (AIM) research project. Defines artificial intelligence and expert systems. Discusses the operations and functions of the Navy's intelligent…

  14. Navys Contract/Vendor Pay Process Was Not Auditable

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-01

    14 Prior Coverage ___________________________________________________________________________ 15 Appendix B. Navy ERP ...Inspection, and Overhead; and Transportation of Things transactions. 3 Public Law 111-84, “National Defense Authorization Act of 2010,” Subtitle A... ERP ). The detail from the Navy’s CVP transactions processed through STARS-FL, STARS-HCM, and Navy ERP were consolidated into the Navy’s financial

  15. Cash Management Improvement in the Navy Stock Fund.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-01

    IN THE NAVY STOCK FUND by James E. Linquist and Timothy S. Evans " 8 March 1986 - LA Thesis Advisor: Joseph G. San Miguel Approved for public release...Identi fication of Cash Managect OQortunities in the Navy industrial Fund, Masters Thesis, Nava ’. Postgraduate School, Monterey, California, June

  16. Combat Agility Management System (CAMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skow, Andrew; Porada, William

    1994-01-01

    The proper management of energy becomes a complex task in fighter aircraft which have high angle of attack (AOA) capability. Maneuvers at high AOA are accompanied by high bleed rates (velocity decrease), a characteristic that is usually undesirable in a typical combat arena. Eidetics has developed under NASA SBIR Phase 1 and NAVAIR SBIR Phase 2 contracts a system which allows a pilot to more easily and effectively manage the trade-off of energy (airspeed or altitude) for turn rate while not imposing hard limits on the high AOA nose pointing capability that can be so important in certain air combat maneuver situations. This has been accomplished by incorporating a two-stage angle of attack limiter into the flight control laws. The first stage sets a limit on AOA to achieve a limit on the maximum bleed rate (selectable) by limiting AOA to values which are dependent on the aircraft attitude and dynamic pressure (or flight path, velocity, and altitude). The second stage sets an AOA limit near the AOA for C(sub l max). One of the principal benefits of such a system is that it enables a low-experience pilot to become much more proficient at managing his energy. The Phase 2 simulation work is complete, and an exploratory flight test on the F-18 HARV is planned for the Fall of 1994 to demonstrate/validate the concept.

  17. [Medical-physiological characteristics of combat training of nuclear-power submarine crews].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dovgusha, V V; Myznikov, I L; Shalabodov, S A; Bumaĭ, O K

    2009-10-01

    The article presents an observe of general questions of peculiarities of military-professional activity of submarine staff These questions are defining value in ideology of medical supply of submarine troops of NAVY in now-days conditions. The article also presents the statistics of morbidity in long termed sails for last forty years, it's dynamics by different categories of sail staff, on different stages of combat training activity in dependence of perioditation of work cycle of submarine staff The authors have examined modern condition of medical supply of submarines; have presented statistics of quality indexes of health of submarine staff The authors have formed main problems of medical supply of submarines and have proposed ways of their solving on modern stage.

  18. 32 CFR 700.323 - The Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Assistants § 700.323 The Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management). The Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management) is the Comptroller of the Navy, and is responsible for all matters related to the financial management of the Department of the Navy, including: (a) Budgeting; (b...

  19. Navy GTE seal development activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grala, Carl P.

    1993-10-01

    Under the auspices of the Integrated High Performance Turbine Engine Technology Initiative, the Naval Air Warfare Center conducts advanced development programs for demonstration in the next generation of air-breathing propulsion systems. Among the target technologies are gas path and lube oil seals. Two development efforts currently being managed by NAWCAD are the High Performance Compressor Discharge Film-Riding Face Seal and the Subsonic Core High Speed Air/Oil Seal. The High Performance Compressor Discharge Film-Riding Face Seal Program aims at reducing parasitic leakage through application of a film-riding face sea concept to the compressor discharge location of a Phase 2 IHPTET engine. An order-of-magnitude leakage reduction relative to current labyrinth seal configurations is expected. Performance goals for these seals are (1) 1200 F air temperature, (2) 800 feet-per-second surface velocity, and (3) 600 SPI differential pressure. The two designs chosen for fabrication and rig test are a spiral groove and a Rayleigh step seal. Rig testing is currently underway. The Subsonic Core High Speed Air/Oil Seal Program is developing shaft-to-ground seals for next-generation propulsion systems that will minimize leakage and provide full life. Significantly higher rotor speeds and temperatures will be experienced. Technologies being exploited include, hydrodynamic lift assist features, ultra light weight designs, and improved cooling schemes. Parametric testing has been completed; a final seal design is entering the endurance test phase.

  20. Tactical Combat Casualty Care: Beginnings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Frank K

    2017-06-01

    Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) is a set of evidence-based, best-practice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield. The origins of TCCC were nontraditional. The TCCC program began as a Naval Special Warfare biomedical research effort launched after the realization that extremity hemorrhage, a leading cause of preventable death on the battlefield, was not being treated with a readily available and highly effective intervention: the tourniquet. This insight prompted a systematic reevaluation of all aspects of battlefield trauma care that was conducted from 1993 to 1996 as a joint effort by special operations medical personnel and the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. The product of that 3-year research project was TCCC, the first-ever set of battlefield trauma care guidelines designed to combine good medicine with good small-unit tactics. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  1. Blended Training for Combat Medics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowlkes, Jennifer; Dickinson, Sandra; Lazarus, Todd

    2010-01-01

    Bleeding from extremity wounds is the number one cause of preventable death on the battlefield and current research stresses the importance of training in preparing every Soldier to use tourniquets. HapMed is designed to provide tourniquet application training to combat medics and Soldiers using a blended training solution encompassing information, demonstration, practice, and feedback. The system combines an instrumented manikin arm, PDA, and computer. The manikin arm provides several training options including stand-alone, hands-on skills training in which soldiers can experience the actual torque required to staunch bleeding from an extremity wound and be timed on tourniquet application. This is more realistic than using a block of wood to act as a limb, which is often how training is conducted today. Combining the manikin arm with the PDA allows instructors to provide scenario based training. In a classroom or field setting, an instructor can specify wound variables such as location, casualty size, and whether the wound is a tough bleed. The PDA also allows more detailed feedback to be provided. Finally, combining the manikin arm with game-based technologies, the third component, provides opportunities to build knowledge and to practice battlefield decision making. Not only do soldiers learn how to apply a tourniquet, but when to apply a tourniquet in combat. The purpose of the paper is to describe the learning science underlying the design of HapMed, illustrate the training system and ways it is being expanded to encompass other critical life-saving tasks, and report on feedback received from instructors and trainees at military training and simulation centers.

  2. Temporal trends in disability evaluation and retirement in the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps: 2005-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gubata, Marlene E; Packnett, Elizabeth R; Cowan, David N

    2014-01-01

    Surveillance of trends in disability is necessary to determine the burden of disability on the U.S. military, the most common types of disability conditions, and the prevalence of combat exposures in the disability population. Previous studies of disability in the U.S. military have focused on a particular service or condition rather than examining the epidemiology of disability in the military overall. This study's objective is to describe rates of disability evaluation and retirement in U.S. Army, Navy, and Marine Corps. A cross-sectional study of 126,170 service members evaluated for disability discharge from the U.S. military in fiscal years 2005-2011 was conducted. Crude and standardized rates of disability evaluation and retirement were calculated per 10,000 service members by year of disability, demographic characteristics, and type of disability evaluation or retirement. Temporal trends in the prevalence of combat-related disability in the disability evaluated and retired population were also examined. Rates of disability evaluation and retirement were highest among female, enlisted, and active duty service members. Overall rates of disability evaluation significantly decreased, while rates of disability retirement increased. Rates of psychiatric disability evaluation and retirement significantly increased in all services during the same time period from 2005 to 2011. Combat-related disability evaluations and retirements have substantially increased in all services particularly among psychiatric disability cases. Psychiatric disability, combat-related disability, and disability retirement continue to increase in the military, despite observed decreases in the rates of disability the Department of Defense since 2005. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  3. Optimization of Combat Logistics Force Required to Support Major Combat Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Morse, Troy C

    2008-01-01

    Military requirements development involves operational commanders conducting analyses of a variety of combat scenarios to assess force structure and material requirements to meet their military objectives...

  4. Combat climat change with competetive photovoltaics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ribeyron, P.J.; Sark, W.G.J.H.M. van; Zietek, G.

    2009-01-01

    Photovoltaics (PV) offer a promising solution for CO2 emission reductions and climate change combat. However, before its wide spread on the market, PV needs to find new approaches to make solar cells competitive with respect to conventional electricity sources.

  5. Innovative contracting strategies for combating climate change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    The state of Maryland has made a strong commitment to combating climate change and reducing : greenhouse gas emissions. This research investigated the state of practice of innovative contracting : solutions to reduce emissions from highway constructi...

  6. Transfusion-Associated Microchimerism in Combat Casualties

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dunne, James R; Lee, Tzong-Hae; Burns, Christopher; Cardo, Lisa J; Curry, Kathleen; Busch, Michael P

    2007-01-01

    ...) in civilian trauma patients receiving allogenic red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. We explored the incidence of TA-MC in combat casualties receiving FrWB compared with patients receiving standard stored RBC transfusions. Methods...

  7. Combating Terrorism in a Globalized World

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chambers, Jay W., Jr; Morgan, Michael; Antonetti, Lou; Carson, Charles; Curry, Peter; Curtin, Leslie; Miller, Keith; Munoz-Atkinson, John; Shrank, Richard; Tapper, Mark

    2002-01-01

    ... this national security threat and develop a plausible strategy to combat it. Their time at the University had been intended to be one of study and reflection to prepare for leadership challenges ahead...

  8. Biomechanical Properties of Infantry Combat Boot Development

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Williams, Karen

    1997-01-01

    .... A survey addressing comfort parameters was administered to each subject. Boot impact tests revealed that all of the commercially available boots tested superior to the standard-issue jungle and leather combat boots...

  9. Exploiting Inhibitory Siglecs to Combat Food Allergies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-01

    CONTRACT NUMBER: W81XWH-16-1-0303 TITLE: Exploiting Inhibitory Siglecs to Combat Food Allergies PARTNERING INVESTIGATOR: Matthew Macauley, Ph.D...SUBTITLE Exploiting Inhibitory Siglecs to Combat Food Allergies 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Michael...Furthermore, two novel transgenic mouse models were generated, one expresses human CD22 on B cells and the other expresses human CD33 on mast cells

  10. Born to fight? Genetics and combat sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerson Franchini

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Recently, the influence of genetics on sports performance has received increased attention from many researchers. In combat sports, some investigations have also been conducted. This article’s main objective was to review the representation of specific gene polymorphisms in combat sports athletes compared to controls. The following databases were searched: PubMed, Web of Science and SportDiscus. The terms used in this search involved combat sports (boxing, karate, judo, mixed martial arts, taekwondo and wrestling, genes, genetics and candidate genes. Articles published until November 2013 were included if combat sports athletes were considered as a single group (i.e., not mixed with athletes of other sports. Seven studies were found, with two presenting no difference between combat sports athletes and controls, two presenting higher frequencies of candidate genes related to a more endurance-related profile compared to controls, and three where a more power-related gene overrepresentation was found in comparison to controls. Taken together, the initial studies about the genetic characteristics of combat sports athletes are controversial, which is probably due to the mixed (aerobic and anaerobic characteristic and to the multifactorial performance determinants of these sports.

  11. Infrared and visible combat identification marking materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Keefe, Eoin; Shohet, Adam; Swan, Martin

    2007-04-01

    Historically, it is believed that fratricide accounts for up to 15% of friendly casualties during operations and a UK MoD report identifies that almost half of all such casualties occur in situations involving ground units only. Such risks can be mitigated, to an extent, via operational awareness and effective communications. However, recent conflicts have involved a much more dynamic, complex and technically sophisticated battlefield than previously experienced. For example, Operation Telic (Desert Storm) involved almost one million combatants and ten thousand armoured vehicles in the coalition force, advancing across an extensive battlefront at high speed during daylight and at night, making effective use of a range of electro-optic sensors. The accelerated tempo of battle means that front lines can undergo rapid, punctuated advances that can leave individual combat units with a much degraded situational awareness, particularly of where they are in relation to other 'friendly' combatants. Consequently, there is a need for a robust, low cost, low weight, compact, unpowered, interoperable, Combat Identification technique for use with popular electro-optic sensors which can be deployed, and is effective, at the individual combat unit level. In this paper we discuss ground-to-ground combat identification materials that meet these requirements, all of which are based on the air-to-ground Mirage TM vehicle marking material. We show some preliminary ground-to-ground data collected from the new variant Mirage TM material in recent experimental trials conducted during the day, evening and at night.

  12. MILITARY MISSION COMBAT EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ighoyota B. AJENAGHUGHRURE

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Military infantry recruits, although trained, lacks experience in real-time combat operations, despite the combat simulations training. Therefore, the choice of including them in military operations is a thorough and careful process. This has left top military commanders with the tough task of deciding, the best blend of inexperienced and experienced infantry soldiers, for any military operation, based on available information on enemy strength and capability. This research project delves into the design of a mission combat efficiency estimator (MCEE. It is a decision support system that aids top military commanders in estimating the best combination of soldiers suitable for different military operations, based on available information on enemy’s combat experience. Hence, its advantages consist of reducing casualties and other risks that compromises the entire operation overall success, and also boosting the morals of soldiers in an operation, with such information as an estimation of combat efficiency of their enemies. The system was developed using Microsoft Asp.Net and Sql server backend. A case study test conducted with the MECEE system, reveals clearly that the MECEE system is an efficient tool for military mission planning in terms of team selection. Hence, when the MECEE system is fully deployed it will aid military commanders in the task of decision making on team members’ combination for any given operation based on enemy personnel information that is well known beforehand. Further work on the MECEE will be undertaken to explore fire power types and impact in mission combat efficiency estimation.

  13. U. S. Navy Cold Weather Handbook for Surface Ships

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-05-01

    to 32°F the deck is very slick due to the brine and slush which will form. Under slush conditions, the deck can be treacherous because traction is...weather deck. Ice below this point will tend to be more brittle and easier to remove, due to the set- tlement of brine in seawater. Concentrate on...through some cells which may be completely disharged. This will result in the generation of hydrogen and oxygen gases caused by the electrolysis

  14. The Navy Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) Master Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-23

    average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and...completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of...PLANING HULL CRAFT....................................................................................................... 55 HYDROFOIL CRAFT

  15. Factors Affecting Organizational Commitment in Navy Corpsmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booth-Kewley, Stephanie; Dell'Acqua, Renée G; Thomsen, Cynthia J

    2017-07-01

    Organizational commitment is a psychological state that has a strong impact on the likelihood that employees will remain with an organization. Among military personnel, organizational commitment is predictive of a number of important outcomes, including reenlistment intentions, job performance, morale, and perceived readiness. Because of the unique challenges and experiences associated with military service, it may be that organizational commitment is even more critical in the military than in civilian populations. Despite the essential role that they play in protecting the health of other service members, little is known about the factors that influence Navy Corpsmen's organizational commitment. This study investigated demographic and psychosocial factors that may be associated with organizational commitment among Corpsmen. Surveys of organizational commitment and possible demographic and psychosocial correlates of organizational commitment were completed by 1,597 male, active duty Navy Corpsmen attending Field Medical Training Battalion-West, Camp Pendleton, California. Bivariate correlations and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to determine significant predictors of organizational commitment. Of the 12 demographic and psychosocial factors examined, 6 factors emerged as significant predictors of organizational commitment in the final model: preservice motivation to be a Corpsman, positive perceptions of Corpsman training, confidence regarding promotions, occupational self-efficacy, social support for a Corpsman career, and lower depression. Importantly, a number of the factors that emerged as significant correlates of organizational commitment in this study are potentially modifiable. These factors include confidence regarding promotions, positive perceptions of Corpsman training, and occupational self-efficacy. It is recommended that military leaders and policy-makers take concrete steps to address these factors, thereby strengthening

  16. Cost analysis of LEED certified United States navy buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Kirar, Carl V.

    2011-01-01

    CIVINS (Civilian Institutions) Thesis document A study was completed at UW-Madison in 2010 that reviewed the energy consumption of US Navy buildings which earned Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification by the United States Green Building Council (USGBC). The research compared LEED certified buildings to a commercial counterpart within the US Navy inventory against Executive Order (EO) 13423. The EO mandated that all federal agencies meet a 30 percent reduction of...

  17. Nutrition Knowledge in the U.S. Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-31

    Garden Bulletin, 232. Washington, DC: U, S. Government Printing Office. 18. Burns, J. M., Richman , R., & Caterson, I. D . (1987). Nutrition knowledge in...developing and evaluating an attitude instrument. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 70, 41-47. 20. Douglas , P. D ., & Douglas , J. G. (1984...subpopulations, ( d ) review the Navy’s progress toward selected national nutrition objectives, (e) estimate the proportion of Navy personnel who know

  18. Results of the Navy Quality of Life Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-05-01

    Relationship Relations with with Relatives Sailor Preparedness Spiritual Well-Being Personal Development Residence Overall Quality of Life ...2005 Results of the Navy Quality of Life Survey Gerry L. Wilcove, Ph.D. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NPRST-TN-05-4 May...2005 Results of the Navy Quality of Life Survey Gerry L. Wilcove, Ph.D. Reviewed and Approved by Paul Rosenfeld, Ph.D. Acting Director

  19. U.S. Navy Aeromedical Reference and Waiver Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    recurrence and complications. ICD-9 CODES: 562 Diverticular Disease 562.10 Diverticulosis of Colon 562.11 Diverticulitis of Colon U.S. Navy...Septal Defects 3.11 Atrioventricular Conduction Disturbances 3.12 Coronary Artery Disease 3.13 Hyperlipidemia 3.14 Hypertension 3.15 Hypertrophic... Disease , Vertigo 6.7 Cholesteatoma 6.8 Acoustic Neuroma 6.9 Oval/Round Window Fistula U.S. Navy Aeromedical Reference and Waiver Guide Physical

  20. Alcohol use in a military population deployed in combat areas: a cross sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanwella Raveen

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Alcohol misuse is more prevalent among military populations. Association between PTSD and heavy drinking have been reported in many studies. Most of the studies on alcohol use among military personnel are from US and UK. Aim of this study is to describe alcohol consumption patterns among military personnel in Sri Lanka, a country where the alcohol consumption among the general population are very different to that in US and UK. Methods Cross sectional study consisting of representative samples of Sri Lanka Navy Special Forces and regular forces deployed in combat areas continuously during a one year period was carried out. Data was collected using a self report questionnaire. Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT was used to assess alcohol consumption. Results Sample consisted of 259 Special Forces and 412 regular navy personnel. The median AUDIT score was 2.0 (interquartile range 6.0. Prevalence of current drinking was 71.2 %. Of the current users 54.81 % were infrequent users (frequency ≤ once a month while 37.87 % of users consumed 2–4 times a month. Prevalence of hazardous drinking (AUDIT ≥ 8 was 16.69 % and binge drinking 14.01 %. Five (0.75 % had AUDIT total ≥20. There was no significant difference between Special Forces and regular forces in hazardous drinking or binge drinking. Total AUDIT score ≥16 were associated with difficulty performing work. Conclusions High rates of hazardous drinking and binge drinking described among military personnel in US and UK were not seen among SLN personnel deployed in combat areas. This finding contrasts with previously reported association between combat exposure and hazardous alcohol use among military personnel. Alcohol use among military personnel may be significantly influenced by alcohol consumption patterns among the general population, access to alcohol and attitudes about alcohol use. Similar to findings from other countries, heavy

  1. A Cost Benefit Analysis of the Navy Flight Demonstration Team and the U.S. Navy Band

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    calculated by using a percentage of consumer spending at Blue Angels’ airshows. The Blue Angels currently have 16 jets: four single-seat F/A-18 ‘A...determine goodwill, 20% of consumer spending was used to determine consumer surplus. 2. U.S. Navy Band The Navy Band personnel retirement package is...The historical data that we used in determining the Consumer Spending at Blue Angels’ events is derived from the 2009 Northeastern Recreation

  2. New Approaches for Navy Technical Training and Job Performance Aiding Using Expanded IETM Technology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jorgensen, Eric L; Fuller, Joseph J

    1996-01-01

    ...) began to develop better ways to present Technical Information (TI) to Navy Fleet users needed for purposes of operating, maintaining, training, and logistically supporting the Navy's inventory of weapon systems...

  3. Navy Attack Submarine Force-Level Goal and Procurement Rate: Background and Issues for Congress

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Rourke, Ronald

    2006-01-01

    .... The Navy is currently procuring one Virginia (SSN-774) class SSN per year. The Navy's 30-year SSN procurement plan, if implemented, would not be sufficient to maintain a force of 48 SSNs consistently over the long run...

  4. China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities - Background and Issues for Congress

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Rourke, Ronald

    2008-01-01

    .... Navy's most expensive acquisition programs, as well as Navy initiatives for homeporting ships and for training sailors, are for developing or maintaining capabilities that could be useful or critical...

  5. China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities -- Background and Issues for Congress

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Rourke, Ronald

    2008-01-01

    .... Navy's most expensive acquisition programs, as well as Navy initiatives for homeporting ships and for training sailors, are for developing or maintaining capabilities that could be useful or critical...

  6. Network Survivability Analysis of the Navy and Marine Corps Intranet (NMCI)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fahrenthold, Alex

    2002-01-01

    .... Navy and Marine Corps by harnessing the power of an integrated network. The Navy and Marine Corps Intranet constitutes the first major step into a truly network-centric warfare environment and makes them full participants in the cyber world...

  7. Navy Speciality Physician Study: Historical Overview, Retention Analysis, and Synopsis of Current Civilian-Sector Practices

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Christensen, Eric

    2002-01-01

    .... The objective of the study was to further explore retention of Navy physicians, by identifying and tracking critical indicators of Navy physician retention, to provide BUMED information for improving...

  8. Compilation of the FY 1999 Department of the Navy Working Capital Fund Financial Statements

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2000-01-01

    ...) Cleveland Center consistently and accurately compiled and consolidated financial data received from Navy field organizations and other sources to prepare the FY 1999 Navy Working Capital Fund financial statements...

  9. Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC) Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) provides numerical guidance and products in support of a wide range of Navy oceanographic and...

  10. Information Technology Management: The Development of the Navy Standard Integrated Personnel System

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Granetto, Paul

    2003-01-01

    ... Information Systems Review Council (Council) approved Milestone 0 for the Navy System. While approving the milestone, the Council also stated that the Navy System should incorporate the core capabilities of a common DoD-wide military personnel system...

  11. Chemistry and Properties of Slags from Navy Solid Waste Destruction in the Plasma Arc System

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Talmy, Inna

    1999-01-01

    The U.S. Navy is currently developing a highly efficient shipboard system which employs a plasma torch to process Navy solid wastes primarily consisting of cardboard, paper, steel, aluminum, glass, and food waste...

  12. The Great Green Fleet: The U.S. Navy and Fossil-Fuel Alternatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    based installations reaching net-zero consumption by 2020. One of these emerging technologies is the Kinetic Hydropower System (KHPS) in Puget Sound. The...the effect of individual shifts to alternative energy and technology will be mini - mal. But the progress made by the Navy and other services offers...Commander, Navy Region Northwest, NAVFAC, “Navy Demonstration Project Ki- netic Hydropower System Puget Sound,” NPS-KHPS: Navy Puget Sound—Kinetic

  13. Journal Vouchers for FY 2000 Department of the Navy General Fund Financial Reporting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-05-16

    JOURNAL VOUCHERS FOR FY 2000 DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY GENERAL FUND FINANCIAL REPORTING Report No. D-2001-122...the fourth and final report on the FY 2000 Department of the Navy (Navy) General Fund Financial Statements. The previous reports discuss accounting...entries supporting Marine Corps reporting and our endorsement of he Naval Audit Service disclaimer of opinion on the FY 2000 Navy General Fund financial

  14. Navy Shipboard Hazardous Material Minimization Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bieberich, M.J. [Naval Surface Warfare Center, Annapolis, MD (United States). Carderock Div.; Robinson, P. [Life Cycle Engineering, Inc., Charleston, SC (United States); Chastain, B.

    1994-12-31

    The use of hazardous (and potentially hazardous) materials in shipboard cleaning applications has proliferated as new systems and equipments have entered the fleet to reside alongside existing equipments. With the growing environmental awareness (and additional, more restrictive regulations) at all levels/echelon commands of the DoD, the Navy has initiated a proactive program to undertake the minimization/elimination of these hazardous materials in order to eliminate HMs at the source. This paper will focus on the current Shipboard Hazardous Materials Minimization Program initiatives including the identification of authorized HM currently used onboard, identification of potential substitute materials for HM replacement, identification of new cleaning technologies and processes/procedures, and identification of technical documents which will require revision to eliminate the procurement of HMs into the federal supply system. Also discussed will be the anticipated path required to implement the changes into the fleet and automated decision processes (substitution algorithm) currently employed. The paper will also present the most recent technologies identified for approval or additional testing and analysis including: supercritical CO{sub 2} cleaning, high pressure blasting (H{sub 2}O + baking soda), aqueous and semi-aqueous cleaning materials and processes, solvent replacements and dedicated parts washing systems with internal filtering capabilities, automated software for solvent/cleaning process substitute selection. Along with these technological advances, data availability (from on-line databases and CDROM Database libraries) will be identified and discussed.

  15. THE POSSIBLY PREVENTION AND COMBATING TAX EVASION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela P. POPA

    2014-11-01

    - A faulty legislation that allows them to circumvent the failure to pay taxes. Measures to combat tax evasion must act in the areas of legislative, administrative and educational. The legislative drafting tax legislation seeks appropriate, clear, concise, stable and consistent. It is also necessary to eliminate or withdrawal of exemptions, reductions and deductions that give rise to multiple interpretations. In terms of administrative measures aimed at creating a comprehensive and operational information system, ensuring adequate administrative structures and instruments effectively combating tax evasion and training specialists with morality and professionalism required of shapes and sizes evasion.

  16. INTERNATIONALLY LEGAL MEASURES TO COMBAT TERRORIST FINANCING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuniarti Yuniarti

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Following the terrorist attacks in the USA on September 11th, 2001, it was discovered that money laundering was a significant source of finance for terrorists. Although, the amount of money that involve is not as involve as in drug and gun trafficking, terrorist financing had been the most important substance to be monitor. Further, various legal measures have been taken internationally in order to combat terrorist financing. This research analyses the legal measures that have been taken internationally and at EU level to combat terrorist financing. Key words: Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing, International Legal measures, EU.

  17. 33 CFR 165.1328 - Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA. 165.1328 Section 165.1328 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 165.1328 Regulated Navigation Area; U.S. Navy submarines, Hood Canal, WA. (a) Location. The following... whenever any U.S. Navy submarine is operating in the Hood Canal and is being escorted by the Coast Guard...

  18. Organizational Analysis of Energy Manpower Requirements in the United States Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    traditional petroleum-based fuel. (From Navy, 2011).....................................10  Figure 5.  The Navy 1 geothermal plant near COSO Hot Springs...SECNAV goal of “Sailing the Great Green Fleet” by 2016. Figure 5. The Navy 1 geothermal plant near COSO Hot Springs, CA. (From Energy, 2013

  19. 32 CFR 700.325 - The Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Environment).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (Installations and Environment). 700.325 Section 700.325 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued... Assistants § 700.325 The Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Environment). The Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Environment) is responsible for: (a) Policy relating to Navy...

  20. Factor and Organizational Substitutions to Minimize Costs in the Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    navigation, propulsion, combat, hotel , communications, in-service support and any system corresponding to further tasks such as transport, hospital...propulsion, combat, hotel , communications, in-service support and any system corresponding to further tasks such as transport, hospital services and command...military personnel stationed permanently within a major, strategically located city served by an international airport and seaport facilities. When

  1. Personality Factors Affecting Pilot Combat Performance: A Preliminary Investigation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Siem, Frederick M; Murray, Michael W

    1997-01-01

    .... The present research was designed to examine the relationship between personality and combat performance using the "Big Five" model of personality and a multicomponent model of pilot combat performance...

  2. Building Software Tools for Combat Modeling and Analysis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yuanxin, Chen

    2004-01-01

    ... (Meta-Language for Combat Simulations) and its associated parser and C++ code generator were designed to reduce the amount of time and developmental efforts needed to build sophisticated real world combat simulations. A C++...

  3. Fuzzy-Rule-Based Object Identification Methodology for NAVI System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaacob Sazali

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available We present an object identification methodology applied in a navigation assistance for visually impaired (NAVI system. The NAVI has a single board processing system (SBPS, a digital video camera mounted headgear, and a pair of stereo earphones. The captured image from the camera is processed by the SBPS to generate a specially structured stereo sound suitable for vision impaired people in understanding the presence of objects/obstacles in front of them. The image processing stage is designed to identify the objects in the captured image. Edge detection and edge-linking procedures are applied in the processing of image. A concept of object preference is included in the image processing scheme and this concept is realized using a fuzzy-rule base. The blind users are trained with the stereo sound produced by NAVI for achieving a collision-free autonomous navigation.

  4. Fuzzy-Rule-Based Object Identification Methodology for NAVI System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagarajan, R.; Sainarayanan, G.; Yaacob, Sazali; Porle, Rosalyn R.

    2005-12-01

    We present an object identification methodology applied in a navigation assistance for visually impaired (NAVI) system. The NAVI has a single board processing system (SBPS), a digital video camera mounted headgear, and a pair of stereo earphones. The captured image from the camera is processed by the SBPS to generate a specially structured stereo sound suitable for vision impaired people in understanding the presence of objects/obstacles in front of them. The image processing stage is designed to identify the objects in the captured image. Edge detection and edge-linking procedures are applied in the processing of image. A concept of object preference is included in the image processing scheme and this concept is realized using a fuzzy-rule base. The blind users are trained with the stereo sound produced by NAVI for achieving a collision-free autonomous navigation.

  5. Why Combatting Teachers' Stress Is Everyone's Job

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clement, Mary

    2017-01-01

    Teacher stressors and the effects of stressors on teachers' decisions to remain in the profession are reviewed in this article. A discussion of what teachers can do to combat their stress and perform their duties for longevity in the classroom includes practical and researched strategies. Teachers cannot be expected to resolve all the issues of…

  6. Submarine Combat Systems Engineering Project Capstone Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-06

    to 06-06-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Submarine Combat Systems Engineering Project 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ...AND ALLOCATIONS ..............................................25 E. APPLYING FITTS ’ LIST...25 Figure 8 Fitts ’ List [Schmidt, 2010

  7. Africanity: A Combative Ontology | Mafeje | CODESRIA Bulletin

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Africanity: A Combative Ontology. Archie Mafeje. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL · News. OTHER RESOURCES... for Researchers · for Journals · for Authors · for Policy ...

  8. Heterotopic Ossification Following Combat-Related Trauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    recent years has been directed toward prophylaxis, not treatment. The formation of heterotopic ossification has been ob- served following total hip ...common indications for excision of combat- related heterotopic ossification in our military patients are pain that is caused by wearing a prosthesis ...transfemoral amputation with limited hip flexion due to direct impingement of severe heterotopic ossification against the anterior pelvic brim and acetabulum

  9. Combating Forest Corruption: the Forest Integrity Network

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gupta, A.; Siebert, U.

    2004-01-01

    This article describes the strategies and activities of the Forest Integrity Network. One of the most important underlying causes of forest degradation is corruption and related illegal logging. The Forest Integrity Network is a timely new initiative to combat forest corruption. Its approach is to

  10. Injury Prevention as a Combat Multiplier

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-24

    of diabetes increases and leads to increased demands on future health care. Recognizing the challenges a new generation of soldiers poses from a...Physical Fitness School, “ IET Standardized Physical Training Guide,” Basic Combat Training Directorate (4 January 2005): 9. 22 Joseph J. Knapik et al

  11. Combatives for Alienated Youth: Problems and Prospects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hellison, Don

    Combative activities (boxing, wrestling, kung fu, etc.) are seen as having a positive influence on alienated inner city youth. Potential contributions of such activities in a school curriculum or recreation program include involvement, security, self-concept, and self-realization. Participants may be able to free themselves from such stereotype…

  12. Initial Evaluations of a U.S. Navy Rapidly Relocatable Gulf of Mexico/Caribbean Ocean Forecast System in the Context of the Deepwater Horizon Incident

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-06

    performance, addressing properties of various prognostic fields (e.g., sea surface temperature and sea surface height), as well as synoptic , dynamical...new dynamical and statistical insights and methodologies for the operational community and vice versa. B. Overview of Navy Operational Ocean...for their operational oil spill trajectory predictions in support of the Coast Guard and the Unified Command (MacFadyen et al., 2011). Table I provides

  13. Manpower for a 600-Ship Navy: Costs and Policy Alternatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    military pay, the youth unemployment rate, numbers of Navy recruiters, and the size of the youth population. Third, the number of other high school...34 recruits to the Navy was projected using four variables: the relative level of pay, rate of youth unemployment , the number of recruiters, and the size...FOR CHANGES IN FOUR KEY VARIABLES (By service and AFQT category) AFQT Category I-IHA IIIB Military/ Civilian Pay 1.20 0.90 Rate of Youth Unemployment 0.50

  14. Combat Stories Map: A Historical Repository and After Action Tool for Capturing, Storing, and Analyzing Georeferenced Individual Combat Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    visibility to that level. Other basemaps used by the Combat Stories Map , such as “ Open Street Map ” and “World Imagery,” do provide details to the...organizing their combat experiences.41 The Combat Stories Map allows users to zoom in to street level to identify specific locations where their combat... Map zoom in and out at preset scales depending on what one can clearly discern at that scale. Hence, one can clearly distinguish streets at the

  15. Combat stories map: a historical repository and after action tool for capturing, storing, and analyzing georeferenced individual combat narratives

    OpenAIRE

    Hayes, Jonathan L.

    2016-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Despite the proliferation of technology and near-global Internet accessibility, a web-based program incorporating interactive maps to record personal combat experiences does not exist. The Combat Stories Map addresses this deficiency. The Combat Stories Map is a web-based Geographic Information System specifically designed to collect and store U.S. service members' georeferenced combat stories. The stories are immediately available for...

  16. Dutch National Plan combat nuclear accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1988-01-01

    This document presents the Dutch National Plan combat nuclear accidents (NPK). Ch. 2 discusses some important starting points which are determining for the framework and the performance of the NPK, in particular the accident typology which underlies the plan. Also the new accident-classification system for the Dutch nuclear power plants, the standardization for the measures to be taken and the staging around nuclear power plants are pursued. In ch. 3 the legal framework of the combat nuclear accidents is described. In particular the Nuclear-power law, the Accident law and the Municipality law are pursued. Also the role of province and municipality are described. Ch. 4 deals with the role of the owner/licensee of the object where the accident occurs, in the combat of accident. In ch. 5 the structure of the nuclear-accident combat at national level is outlined, subdivided in alarm phase, combat phase and the winding-up phase. In ch.'s 6-12 these phases are elaborated more in detail. In ch.'s 10-13 the measures to be taken in nuclear accidents, are described. These measures are distinguished with regard to: protection of the population and medical aspects, water economy, drinking-water supply, agriculture and food supply. Ch. 14 describes the responsibility of the burgomaster. Ch.'s 15 and 16 present an overview of the personnel, material, procedural and juridical modifications and supplements of existing structures which are necessary with regard to the new and modified parts of the structure. Ch. 17 indicates how by means of the appropriate education and exercise it can be achieved that all personnel, services and institutes concerned possess the knowledge and experience necessary for the activities from the NKP to be executed as has been described. Ch. 18 contains a survey of activities to be performed and a proposal how these can be realized. (H.W.). figs.; tabs

  17. Combat sports for persons with disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasum Goran

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In literature, the term adapted sport indicates sports activities, modified and adapted to persons with disabilities. In spite of their highly prominent values, combat sports are underrepresented among persons with disabilities in Serbia. The benefits of combat sports practicing are numerous, and at some international hospitals, martial sports and arts already have an important role in the treatment of traumatized and disabled persons. Currently, the programme of Paralympic Games includes only two sports, these are fencing and judo, in male and female competition. Almost certainly, karate will also be included in the programme of Paralympic Games, and there are similar ambitions in the case of taekwondo as well. In addition to these sports, some martial arts, especially aikido, thai-chi-chuan and qigong, have obtained significant representation and interest among persons with disabilities. The reasons for weaker interest in other martial sports and arts, should be sought in the fact that they are underrepresented among this population, and that these persons are not offered the possibility of organized practice of such sports. Orientation towards a combat sport brings great refreshment and powerful emotional experience to each practitioner, and this fact has special significance to persons with disabilities. In Serbia, combat sports are not widely represented among persons with disabilities, and only the wrestlers with impaired hearing have achieved significant success on the international stage. On the other hand, the popularity of combat sports among persons with disabilities in the world is significantly growing. It is necessary to take concrete steps to make it so in Serbia as well.

  18. The U.S. Navy Littoral Combat Ship: Current Issues and How to Employ It in the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    becomes a factor in “special evolutions ” such as 13 launching and recovering RHIBs, aircraft, and taking on supplies and fuel while underway...crew of three and a SEAL element. General Characteristics, 11 meter Naval Special Warfare RHIB Propulsion: Dual Caterpillar 3126 DITA, 6 in-line

  19. Measurements of Effectiveness for the Information-Age Navy: The Effects of Network-Centric Operations on Combat Outcomes

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Perry, Walter

    2002-01-01

    The primary objective of this work is to create a framework for developing measures and metrics that adequately assess the impact of varying command, control, communications, computers, intelligence...

  20. An Analysis of the Necessity and Feasibility of Strengthening the Construction of an Ocean-Going Navy

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaozhi Fang

    2014-01-01

    As a rising power, China must strengthen its naval construction, especially by building a navy capable of long ocean voyages to protect the expanding and deepening national interests. China will gain advantages from constructing such a navy. China’s navy must gradually shift from an offshore navy to an ocean-going navy with strong projection capabilities to realize the transition to ocean offensive and defensive strategies.

  1. A Model for Effective Performance in the Indonesian Navy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-01

    NAVY LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT COM PETENCY M ODEL .................................. 15 D. MCBER COMPETENT MANAGERS MODEL ................ IS E. SU M M... leadership and managerial skills which emphasize on effective performance of the officers in managing the human resources under their cormnand and...supervision. By effective performance we mean officers who not only know about management theories , but who possess the characteristics, knowledge, skill, and

  2. Protein nutritional quality of cowpea and navy bean residue fractions ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, the use of the insoluble legume residue, following protein extraction for cereal-legume protein complementation has not been widely studied. In fact, legume residue is considered a waste by-product. The protein quality of cowpea residuewheat and navy bean residue-wheat diets was determined using in-vivo and ...

  3. Navy Quality of Life Survey: Shipboard Life Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    ship construction. Science and Technology Content and Approach Current State of the Art Only two Navy-wide studies have been conducted in the last...complaints. “I’m happy living on the ship,” he said while dropping off a uniform at an embroidery p near the San Diego Naval Station’s main gate. “It’s

  4. The brazilian nuclear submarine dossier: Navy's priority and its application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rosa, L.P.

    1990-01-01

    This work discusses the feasibility of the brazilian nuclear submarine. It is related to navy's remodeling and is considered as a priority. It would bring Brazil closer to developed countries. It considers the slip, itself, the weapon's system as well as the nuclear propulsion. (author)

  5. Navy Professional Reading Program: Results of the 2007 Survey

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Uriell, Zannette A; Johnson, J. S

    2008-01-01

    .... The program includes 60 books across 6 subject areas and 5 career states. Toward the end of the first year of implementation, a survey was conducted to look at reading habits of Navy personnel as well as opinions of the NPRP...

  6. S&T Efforts for Navy Corrosion Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    Initial Design Corrosion Risk Current Navy Topside Coatings MIL-PRF-24635E, FED-STD-595C No. 26270 Haze Gray  Single component, silicone alkyd ...Cyclic Heat Test (MV-22) Type V Nonskid International HT Extreme Durability Nonskid Coatings NRL Siloxane (Bottom) Polysiloxane Base Resin Applied By

  7. Establishing Quantitative Software Metrics in Department of the Navy Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    hardware, including display, storage space , memory availability, and 4 permissions. Measuring portability is not a simple task. The portability metric ...TECHNICAL DOCUMENT 3304 April 2016 Establishing Qualitative Software Metrics in Department of the Navy Programs Christopher E. Johnson Approved...Command Intelligence Systems Division (Code 53200), Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific (SSC Pacific), San Diego, CA. The Naval

  8. Status, challenges and marketing opportunities for canning navy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Status, challenges and marketing opportunities for canning navy bean in Kenya. ... Inspectorate Service (KEPHIS) for seed inspection and certification, increase in processing capacity, improved breeding and seed production systems and the exploration of new markets coupled with innovative crop promotion stategies.

  9. Distributed Simulation Run Automation Capability for the Navy PRA Testbed

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Trbovich, Sarah; Reading, Richard; Photinos, William; Malone, Shala

    2007-01-01

    .... The PRA Testbed is a cornerstone of the U.S. Navy Ship Self Defense Test & Evaluation (T&E) Enterprise. The LPD 17 ship class is the first to implement a PRA Testbed baseline as a formal component of ship class...

  10. Challenges of physiological monitoring in a Navy operational setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banta, Guy R.

    1988-01-01

    Challenges to physiological monitoring in the Navy include environmental extremes, acceptance of use by test subjects, data transfer, data interpretation, and capability of relating collected data to valid operational relevant criterion measures. These problems are discussed with respect to diving, electrophysiological monitoring, in-flight monitoring, aircrew fatigue, in-flight cardiac stress, and in-flight monitoring devices.

  11. 32 CFR 705.16 - Navy produced public information material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Navy produced public information material. 705... Chief of Information releases TV featurettes directly to local TV stations and the Office of Information... information material. (a) Still photo—(1) General. (i) The policy and procedures given for media produced...

  12. Review of Navy R&D Management 1946-1973

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-06-01

    Cirrier Landing System 1967-Navy Space Surveillance System (NAVSPASiUR) 1967-A WG-lt0 lire Control System 1967-MSD Drone Boat 1967-APR 25 &27 Airbomne...pointed the way toward a practical method of numerical weather forecasting. * ONR supported research on permafrost, pedology, and geomorphology of the

  13. Extension of the Navy aerosol model to coastal areas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Piazzola, J.; Eijk, A.M.J. van; Leeuw, G. de

    2000-01-01

    The performance assessment of electro-optical (EO) systems with propagation prediction codes requires accurate atmospheric models. The model that is most frequently used for the prediction of aerosols and their effect on extinction in the marine atmosphere is the U.S. Navy aerosol model (NAM)

  14. Improved Atmospheric Stable Boundary Layer Formulations for Navy Seasonal Forecasting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-30

    Long-term goals are to develop methods, descriptions and parameterizations that will alleviate long-standing problems in basically all large-scale numerical atmospheric models in dealing with statically stable and/or very stable conditions, and to implement these for Navy extended forecasting

  15. Cell Therapy Strategies to Combat Immunosenescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahl, Elizabeth C; Brown, Bryan N

    2015-01-01

    Declining function of the immune system, termed "immunosenescence," leads to a higher incidence of infection, cancer, and autoimmune disease related mortalities in the elderly population. (1) Increasing interest in the field of immunosenescence is well-timed, as 20% of the United States population is expected to surpass the age of 65 by the year 2030. (2) Our current understanding of immunosenescence involves a shift in function of both adaptive and innate immune cells, leading to a reduced capacity to recognize new antigens and widespread chronic inflammation. The present review focuses on changes that occur in haematopoietic stem cells, macrophages, and T-cells using knowledge gained from both rodent and human studies. The review will discuss emerging strategies to combat immunosenescence, focusing on cellular and genetic therapies, including bone marrow transplantation and genetic reprogramming. A better understanding of the mechanisms and implications of immunosenescence will be necessary to combat age-related mortalities in the future.

  16. Using agility to combat cyber attacks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Kerry

    2017-06-01

    Some incident response practitioners feel that they have been locked in a battle with cyber criminals since the popular adoption of the internet. Initially, organisations made great inroads in preventing and containing cyber attacks. In the last few years, however, cyber criminals have become adept at eluding defence security technologies and rapidly modifying their exploit strategies for financial or political gains. Similar to changes in military combat tactics, cyber criminals utilise distributed attack cells, real-time communications, and rapidly mutating exploits to minimise the potential for detection. Cyber criminals have changed their attack paradigm. This paper describes a new incident response paradigm aimed at combating the new model of cyber attacks with an emphasis on agility to increase the organisation's ability to respond rapidly to these new challenges.

  17. Adaptive Disclosure: A Combat Specific PTSD Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-31

    the early stages of the wars suggest that 10-18% of combat troops experience deployment-related psychological health problems, such as posttraumatic...also includes gestalt -therapy techniques designed to target loss and moral injury. In our open pilot trial, we demonstrated treatment acceptability...to determine whether AD is as least as effective as CPT, cognitive only version (CPT-C), in terms of its impact on deployment-related psychological

  18. Lessons Worth Remembering: Combat In Urban Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-10

    training, Combat Training Centers, Centers of Excellence, and how it is equipping its soldiers. Sustaining the Army’s ability to operate and thrive...in the urban environment must elevate in importance for Army leaders moving forward. All other environmental training must become second tier...end of the day, all three companies advanced less than one block.119 On the third day of the battle, February 2, Hotel Company, 2nd Battalion, 5th

  19. Violation of human rights to combat terrorism.

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    LL.B. No one definition of terrorism has gained universal acceptance. The lack of agreement on a definition of terrorism has been a major obstacle to meaningful international countermeasures to combat terrorism. There are 12 International Conventions related to terrorism and an explicit definition is still missing. Many states have tried to define terrorism and none of these definitions has been implemented, either by the United Nations or these states. There are many International Convent...

  20. Combat Stress and Substance Abuse Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    SUBJECT TERMS Combat stress, substance abuse , alcohol , brief intervention, military personnel 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF...ORGANIZATION: Research Triangle Institute Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2194 REPORT DATE: October 2015 TYPE OF REPORT: Annual PREPARED FOR...RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE October 2015 2. REPORT TYPE Annual 3. DATES COVERED 15 Sep 2014 – 14 Sep 2015 4. TITLE AND

  1. Cohesion, the Human Element in Combat

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-02-01

    review. The day on which the oath is taken is a holiday for that unit. 49 Many units distinguish their uniqueness and create unit iden- tity through a...They include highland aborigines , overseas Chinese, Chams, and Khmers who occasionally came into conflict with the dominant Vietnamese. 6 Primary...literature in the appendix. 23. For example, see Kellet, Combat Motivation. This work is based on a study of US, British, and Canadian Armed Forces. . 0 7-w

  2. Combating Terrorism: A Socio-Economic Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    depress- ing growth. The travel, tourism , accom- Major Miemie Winn Byrd, USA, is the Deputy Economic Advisor, U.S. Pacific Command, and has...For instance, Lloyd’s of London Combating Terrorism A Socio-Economic Strategy Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Busan , South Korea A P... well . In today’s increasingly competitive business environment, these corporations must continuously maintain their competitive advantage. Therefore

  3. Crowd Behavior Algorithm Development for COMBAT XXI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-30

    forth between these two models in real time . This proof-of-concept is a demonstration of a crowd model that can communicate with a combat simulation...human cognitive agents form to the various ‘ social identities’ to which they are exposed. An interesting treatment of crowds in the context of networks ...the degree to which different ethinicities within the crowd influence each individual in terms of interpersonal disances and amount of desire to follow

  4. The U.S. Navy’s Task Force Climate Change & The Navy’s Arctic Roadmap

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    Port Visit to Murmansk Leadership visits & staff talks 12 ICEX 2011 Operations & Training UNCLASSIFIED 13 Navy Activity On and Under the...military mission capability resilience, and adapt to changing missions • Build relationships and reduce regional tensions. Avoid Perception of

  5. Legislations combating counterfeit drugs in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, C W; Chan, W K

    2013-08-01

    To understand legislation combating counterfeit drugs in Hong Kong. This study consisted of two parts. In part I, counterfeit drugs–related ordinances and court cases were reviewed. In part II, indepth interviews of the stakeholders were described. Hong Kong. All Hong Kong ordinances were screened manually to identify those combating counterfeit drugs. Court cases were searched for each of the identified cases. Then, the relevant judgement justifications were analysed to identify sentencing issues. Indepth interviews with the stakeholders were conducted to understand their perceptions about such legislation. Trade Marks Ordinance, Patents Ordinance, Trade Descriptions Ordinance, and Pharmacy and Poisons Ordinance were current legislative items combating counterfeit drugs. Sentencing criteria depended on: intention to deceive, quantity of seized drugs, presence of expected therapeutic effect or toxic ingredients, previous criminal records, cooperativeness with Customs officers, honest confessions, pleas of guilty, types of drugs, and precautionary measures to prevent sale of counterfeit drugs. Stakeholders’ perceptions were explored with respect to legislation regarding the scale and significance of the counterfeit drug problem, penalties and deterrents, drug-specific legislation and authority, and inspections and enforcement. To plug the loopholes, a specific law with heavy penalties should be adopted. This could be supplemented by non-legal measures like education of judges, lawyers, and the public; publishing the names of offending pharmacies; and emphasising the role of pharmacists to the public.

  6. The Increasing Capabilities of the Soviet Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-01

    production -run of 72 Skorys (not including some built for export) and 28 Kotlins ) and to large numbers of smaller ships such as frigates, corvettes...bombers. Incomplete Kotlin destroyers were converted for surface-to-surface missiles, the Kildin class being the first in the world with this capability...anti-surface missiles, and a helicopter carried, and the larger Kara cruiser was heavily armed for ASW. Kanin and Kotlin rlestroyers were convected

  7. Jamming bacterial communications: new strategies to combat bacterial infections and the development of biofilms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Givskov, Michael Christian; Hentzer, Morten

    2006-01-01

    The growth and activity of microorganisms affect our lives in both positive and negative ways. We have, since early times, tried to combat unwanted microbes and utilize those expressing useful traits. Microorganisms can cause diseases and chronic infections in humans, animals, and plants. In medi......The growth and activity of microorganisms affect our lives in both positive and negative ways. We have, since early times, tried to combat unwanted microbes and utilize those expressing useful traits. Microorganisms can cause diseases and chronic infections in humans, animals, and plants...... with surfaces and we as scientists must therefore turn our attention to this sessile mode of growth (33). It appears that the ability to form surface-associated, structured and cooperative consortia (referred to as biofilms) is one of the most remarkable and ubiquitous characteristics of bacteria (12...

  8. A Systems Engineering Approach in Providing Air Defense Support to Ground Combat Vehicle Maneuver Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    SLAMRAAM surface launched advanced medium range air-to-air missile SME subject matter expert SOS system of systems UAV unmanned aerial vehicle UCAV ...threats of fixed wing aircraft and attack helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and unmanned combat aerial vehicles ( UCAVs ) are fast becoming a... UCAVs and capable of conducting offensive attacks. UAVs/ UCAVs are physically smaller in size compared to fixed wing aircraft or attack helicopters and

  9. Estimating production cost while linking combat systems and ship design

    OpenAIRE

    Lineberry, Jeffrey

    2012-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. In a Naval International Cooperative Opportunities in Science & Technology Program (NICOP) initiative, the Office of Naval Research (ONR) is investigating whether an emphasis on the utilization of computer simulation and combat modeling will achieve a warship design that effectively links the combat system and the ship design. A success in this effort will result in an enhancement to the ships combat mission effectiveness while provid...

  10. Medical rescue of naval combat: challenges and future

    OpenAIRE

    Jin, Hai; Hou, Li-Jun; Fu, Xiao-Bing

    2015-01-01

    There has been no large-scale naval combat in the last 30?years. With the rapid development of battleships, weapons manufacturing and electronic technology, naval combat will present some new characteristics. Additionally, naval combat is facing unprecedented challenges. In this paper, we discuss the topic of medical rescue at sea: what challenges we face and what we could do. The contents discussed in this paper contain battlefield self-aid buddy care, clinical skills, organized health servi...

  11. The Economy and Enlisted Retention in the Navy. Volume 1: Main Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    economy and reenlistment decisions. Our goal is to identify changing external conditions that will inform Navy leaders about when to adjust reten - tion...or leave the Navy. Intuitively, a decline in the economy is correlated with high reten - tion; conversely, during times of economic expansion, the Navy...multicollinearity among BCEI in our econometric model of reten - tion. In this section, we report the estimates of the relationship be- tween the economic

  12. Management of Excess Material in the Navys Real Time Reutilization Asset Management Facilities Needs Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-23

    implemented its Enterprise Resource Planning ( ERP )21 system. See Appendix A for additional information on our methodology. The Navy provides overarching...guidance for managing OM&S. For example, SECNAVINST22 requires that Navy policies emphasize minimizing the amount of OM&S while balancing risk and...2016. We selected this time period for review based on when demand supply records were first available in the Navy ERP system and the last

  13. Command History Calendar Year 1992 (Navy Personnel Research and Development Center)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-01

    this information to plan new programs to improve the quality of life of Naval personnel. Navy Equal Opportunity and Sexual 1arassment (NEOSH) Survey The...Navy Equal Opportity and exJal Harasment (NEOSH) Survey is a Iiannual assessment of the Navy’s equal opporumity (EO) climate and the occurrence of... sexual harassment. The EO climate is assessed in nine content areas: assignments, training, leadership, commnicatons, interpersonal relations

  14. Globalization of Navy Shipbuilding: A Key to Affordability for a New Maritime Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    globalization . Globalization exploits the advantages of multiple countries through not only labor and technology but also “trade, finance, production, and even... GLOBALIZATION OF NAVY SHIPBUILDING A Key to Affordability for a New Maritime Strategy Robert J. White The Navy states that 313 ships are necessary to...manager for Microelectronics Technology . He has been a Navy Staff action officer for modeling and simulation for weapon system test and evaluation, and

  15. Navy Financial Reporting of Government-Owned Materials Held by Commercial Shipyard Contractors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-02

    NAVY FINANCIAL REPORTING OF GOVERNMENT-OWNED MATERIALS HELD BY COMMERCIAL SHIPYARD CONTRACTORS Report No. D-2001-071...A Dates Covered (from... to) ("DD MON YYYY") Title and Subtitle Navy Financial Reporting of Government-Owned Materials Held by Commercial Shipyard...FY 1999 Navy financial statements reported $29.3 billion of operating materials and supplies, which included $11.3 billion of Government-owned

  16. An analysis of the relative importance of the comptroller billet across Navy activities

    OpenAIRE

    McPadden, Russell P.

    1983-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This study examines the level of correlation between the billet requirements for Navy comptrollers and the organizational importance of their respective commands within the Navy hierarchy. Data were collected on the comptroller­ billets at 148 Navy shore activities which have military comptrollers. Each comptroller billet was ranked on pay grade, required education and experience. Commands were ranked according to overall command c...

  17. NAACP Policy Recommendations for Economic Growth and Combating Inflation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crisis, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Reacts to the Reagan Administration's economic plans. Presents NAACP policy positions on combating inflation, tax relief, unemployment, and stimulating growth in inner cities to offset urban blight. (MK)

  18. Medical rescue of naval combat: challenges and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Hai; Hou, Li-Jun; Fu, Xiao-Bing

    2015-01-01

    There has been no large-scale naval combat in the last 30 years. With the rapid development of battleships, weapons manufacturing and electronic technology, naval combat will present some new characteristics. Additionally, naval combat is facing unprecedented challenges. In this paper, we discuss the topic of medical rescue at sea: what challenges we face and what we could do. The contents discussed in this paper contain battlefield self-aid buddy care, clinical skills, organized health services, medical training and future medical research programs. We also discuss the characteristics of modern naval combat, medical rescue challenges, medical treatment highlights and future developments of medical rescue at sea.

  19. A Combat Mission Team Performance Model: Development and initial Application

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Silverman, Denise

    1997-01-01

    ... realistic combat scenarios. We present a conceptual model of team performance measurement in which aircrew coordination, team performance, mission performance and their interrelationships are operationally defined...

  20. Aerodynamics of unmanned combat air vehicles: Flow structure and control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elkhoury, Michel

    At moderate to high angle-of-attack, an Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV) exhibits complex flow structure due to vortex interaction/breakdown, and the onset of separation and stall. These features of the flow patterns have received little attention. The present investigation addresses the degree of interaction of vortices, the onset of vortex breakdown, and the occurrence of a separation as a function of both Reynolds number and angle-of-attack, via dye visualization and quantitative imaging. The Reynolds number dependence of the near-surface flow structure and topology on a representative UCAV planform is characterized using a technique of high-image-density particle image velocimetry (DPIV), as a complement to classical dye visualization. This technique provides a sequence of instantaneous states, as well as the corresponding time-averaged state. Patterns of streamline topology, including bifurcation lines, contours of streamwise and transverse velocity, surface-normal vorticity and Reynolds stress correlation, all immediately adjacent to the surface of the planform, provide quantitative interpretations. At low angle-of-attack, these quantitative patterns show significant alterations with Reynolds number, as represented by: large variations of patterns of vortex breakdown and vortex interaction visualized by dye; and substantial alterations of flow patterns in the crossflow plane, including reattachment phenomena, which are interpreted with patterns of velocity and streamwise vorticity. On the other hand, at moderate angle-of-attack, the near-surface quantitative patterns show much less sensitivity to Reynolds number, which is in accord with weak variations of the onset of vortex breakdown with changes in Reynolds number. Perturbations of the planform at a small amplitude and high frequency can substantially alter both the instantaneous and time-averaged flow structure immediately adjacent to its surface, relative to the case of a stationary planform. A ramp

  1. Navy radon assessment and mitigation program: Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-10-01

    This final report encompasses the events from the beginning of the Navy Radon Assessment and Mitigation Program to the closure of the program on October 31, 1994. Included in the report are discussions of the phases of the program including screening, assessment, mitigation, and post-mitigation. The primary discussion involves screening and assessment. The report addresses recommendations made to the Naval Facilities Engineering Command by the Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program of Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., and the final decisions that were made. Special emphasis is placed on quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC), since QA/QC was given top priority during the implementation of this program. Included in the discussion on QA/QC are ana overview of the measurement process, positive and negative controls, replicated measurements, and application of chamber exposures to data calibration. The report concludes with a discussion of testing considerations for naval facilities and radon mitigation considerations for the Department of the Navy

  2. Submarine medicine in indian navy: A 50-year Odyssey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G D Bhanot

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The Submarine arm of the Indian Navy is in its Golden Jubilee year, celebrating 50 glorious years of service to the Nation. From a small force of Foxtrot class, it leapfrogged into high technology boats in just 25 years of its coming into being. Forays into operating a nuclear Submarine have brought the Navy into the fold of of modern Submarine powers. In this journey, it has also graduated from acquiring Submarines from foreign nations to the present day indigenous construction of both conventional and nuclear boats. Submarine Medicine has been an inseparable part of strengthening the Naval capability throughout this endeavor. This article briefly describes the tale of Submarine medicine in India since its origin, highlighting significant milestones.

  3. Operational Experience with the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Nathaniel M.; Mozurkewich, David; Hutter, Donald J.; Benson, James A.; Hummel, Christian A.; Clark, James H., III

    2002-12-01

    A review of operational procedures and requirements evolving at the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer (NPOI) provides some useful insights for the automation, maintenance and operation of large optical interferometers even as construction and instrument development continues. Automation is essential for efficient, single operator observing. It is important to integrate ease of operation and maintenance into the instrument design from the start. In final form, the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer, NPOI, will use six portable siderostats for imaging stars and narrow angle astrometry of multiple stars as well as four fixed siderostats designed for all sky astrometry. Currently all four astrometric siderostats and two transportable siderostats are operational. All six beams from the siderostats now in use have been combined coherently to form images of multiple stars at milliseconds of arc resolution.

  4. Russian Navy fresh fuel MPC and A training and regulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Forehand, H.M.; Rexroth, P.; Dove, A.; Shmelev, V.; Sukhoruchkin, V.; Roumiantsev, A.

    1998-01-01

    The Regulations and Training Projects are part of the US-Russian Federation Materials Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC ampersand A) cooperative program to protect Russian Navy Fuels. This paper describes the general status of the projects, progress achieved to date, and long-term plans for further work in producing regulatory documents and training to support this effort. The regulatory development will result in a document set that will include general requirements and rules for the Russian Navy MPC ampersand A as well as specific instructions for operation and maintenance of each facility. The goals of the training program are to instill in managers a culture of sustainable commitment to MPC ampersand A through the understanding of its principles and philosophies. In addition, the training program will help ensure that upgrades are effectively utilized and maintained by training operators and maintenance personnel in MPC ampersand A principles as well in as the detailed operations of the systems

  5. Global Ensemble Generation Using Perturbed Observations in the Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation System (NCODA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowley, C. D.; Frolov, S.; Stokes, M.; Hogan, P. J.; Wei, M.; Bishop, C. H.

    2016-02-01

    A perturbed-observation analysis capability has been developed for the Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation system (NCODA). The resulting analysis is used to represent analysis error in the initial conditions of a global ocean forecast ensemble using the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). For cycling with HYCOM, the NCODA system performs a 3D variational analysis of temperature, salinity, geopotential, and vector velocity using remotely-sensed SST, SSH, and sea ice concentration, plus in situ observations of temperature, salinity, and currents from ships, buoys, XBTs, CTDs, profiling floats, and autonomous gliders. Sea surface height is assimilated through synthetic temperature and salinity profiles generated using the Modular Ocean Data Assimilation System (MODAS) historical regression database with surface height and surface temperature as inputs. Perturbations to the surface observations use random samples from a normal distribution scaled by the observation error standard deviation, which combines estimates of instrument and representation error. Perturbations to the synthetic profiles are generated by supplying the perturbed surface inputs to the MODAS system, resulting in correlated profile changes with vertical correlations associated with historical uncertainty about thermocline depth and gradients. For in situ profile observations, representation error is much larger than instrument error, so a technique is implemented to create correlated perturbations associated with large, mesoscale errors. Initial results from a cycling regional analysis show the resulting analysis perturbations have scales and amplitudes consistent with short term forecast error covariances. Results using the perturbed observation analysis in regional and global cycling forecast systems will be presented.

  6. Navy Acquisition Executive's Management Oversight and Procurement Authority Category I and II Programs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2007-01-01

    .... This report discusses the management oversight and procurement authority within the Navy. Two other reports discussed the management oversight and procurement authority within the Army and Air Force...

  7. Navy-wide Personnel Survey (NPS) 2003: Summary of Survey Results

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Whittam, Kimberly; Janega, Jessica; Olmsted, Murrey

    2005-01-01

    .... The NPS focuses on work-related issues such as job satisfaction, morale, leadership, advancement, promotion, career progression, and detailing and provides Navy leadership with valuable information...

  8. Link Between Deployment Factors and Parenting Stress in Navy Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-11

    spiritual experiences and psychological well -being among US adults. Social Indicators Research, 88(2), 247-271. doi:10.1007/s11205- 007-9187-2...Psychiatric Services, 62(1), 28-34. Hamlin-Glover, D. L. (2009). Spirituality , religion , and resilience among military families (Doctoral...study was two-fold: 1) to look at parenting stress in Navy active duty fathers; and 2) to evaluate spirituality and social support in both civilian

  9. The Navy’s Quality Journey: Operational Implementation of TQL

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    TQM Navy-style 3 - The Term is now TQL! - Dr. Deming’s theory emphasizes leadership 4. DON’s Two Phased Approach 5 5. Establishment of High Quality... leadership - Emphasis on measurements over improvements - Misguided incentive programs - Failure of management to respond to its new role - Unrealistic...offers us a systems approach to managing work and leading people." Dr. S. L. Dockstader, TQLeader Vol 1/Issue 2, page 10. Dr. Deming’s Theory Emphasizes

  10. Implications of AM for the Navy Supply Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    Certification . He is a published author and an entrepreneur and co-founder of Prosiren Inc., a watersports apparel company. A s the U.S. Navy continues...Performance-Based Logis- tics (PBL) efforts in which the government pays a vendor to maintain a level of readiness, not for individual procurement or...precedent for all future similar contracts. Summary Once issues of qualification and certification are overcome for a sufficient population of parts, AM has

  11. Evaluation of the Navy Plaque Control Program, at Great Lakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-02-01

    is important to know if the program is effective, if it can show a cost to benefit ratio which substantiates the expenditure of dental care resources...bleeding on probing and the use of dental floss , and physiologic color and consistency (texture) of gingival tissue (44). Three prior evaluations on naval... flossing exercise under the direction of a Navy Dental Technician. In their third week of recruit training, the subjects’ company had a day reserved for

  12. Supply Management Analysis of the Chilean Navy Acquisition System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    1980, March 11). Constitucion Politica del Estado de Chile [Political Constitution of the State of Chile]. Retrieved from http://www.leychile.cl...Martin Van Creveld defines military logistics as, “the practical art of moving armies and keeping them supplied” (1977, p. 1). Therefore, the Chilean...Navy defines logistics as, “logistics is part of the art of war which aims to provide armed forces the means of personnel, material, and services

  13. Forecasting the Supply of Women Available to the Navy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-08-01

    Intervertebral Disc Dis- placement 725 Ankylosis of Joints 727 Sacroiliac Joint , Affection 726 Other Musculoskeletal Diseases and Defects Curvature...High School Graduates (HSGs) and Non High School Graduates (NHSGs)... 6 5. FY79 Distribution of Navy Nonprior Service Male Accessions Broken Down by...Mental Grade . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. 6 6. Distribution of School Year 76-77, 77-78, 78-79 Test Takers by ASVAB Mental Categories

  14. Results of the Navy Telework and Technology Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    S T Generational Boundaries • Generational age* cutoffs - Millennial : 27 years of age or younger » Also called Generation Next, Generation Y ...within the Navy. Telework, social networking, Web 2.0, text message, survey, Millennial , Baby Boomer, Generation X, age differences, generational ... Millennials , 27 years of age and under; Generation X, 28 to 43 years of age; Baby Boomers, 44 years of age and older). Letters were sent to those selected

  15. An Examination of Productivity Impediments in the Navy Industrial Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-10-01

    conducted and conferences held in recent years. Sutermeister (1976), in his review of people and productivity , described a number of technical and...1976, _, 16- 21. Sutermeister , R. A. People and productivity (3rd Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976. Walker, A. R. Inflationary effects on Navy...sufficient means to reward those who enhance productivity . 3. Systems or regulations that inadvertently punish those who enhance productivity . 4. People

  16. An Analysis of the Navys Fiscal Year 2016 Shipbuilding Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    differs from CBO’s method) does not account for the faster growth in the costs of labor and materials in the shipbuilding industry than in the economy as...about 19,000 tons when submerged . In addition, the Navy has converted 4 submarines of that class to a conventional guided missile (SSGN) configuration...would probably continue to grow faster in the shipbuilding industry than in the economy as a whole. The Navy’s constant- dollar estimates do not

  17. Sensitivity analysis of navy aviation readiness based sparing model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-01

    NAVARM Experimental Designs NIIN National Item Identification Number NOAH Naval Online Allowance Handling NOB Nearly Orthogonal and...of cluttering analyst desktops with a slew of tools, the Navy developed the Readiness Suite in 2005. This suite included the web-based Naval Online ...Operations, 2011, p. 3). Ao 13 e. Cost to Reduce Supply Delay and Cost Effectiveness Ratio Ranked “ Shopping List” Equation (6) shows a critical

  18. Development of the Navy Computer Adaptive Personality Scales (NCAPS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    scale (r = .43, p < .01, n = 216 to 348) and the MMPI Antisocial scale (r = -.41, p < .01, n = 170), providing evidence of convergent validity. 2...tests. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 27, 343-355. Horn, J. L. (1965). A rationale and test for the number of factors in factor analysis...useful to include, we need your expert judgments about how each of the proposed constructs in the attached document are related to performance in Navy

  19. Navy Medicine. Volume 101, No. 1, January-February 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    health, suicide, and domestic violence. Current epide- miological studies address cancer and other diseases as a function of occupational and...Pensa- cola , Fla.; and Navy Medicine Training Center (NMTC), Fort Sam Houston, Texas. nsHs portsMoutH NSHS Portsmouth is located on the Naval...problem that every other historian and writer of Roosevelt’s health has run into is that there are rare medical records, no biopsies showing cancer

  20. Evaluation of the Navys Sea/Shore Flow Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    platforms have become progressively more complex, requiring the Navy to grow and maintain a more senior career force of highly technical individuals. The...scores are derived from the following categories: VE – verbal expression, WK – word knowledge, AR – arithmetic knowledge, MK – math knowledge, AS... machine tool operators who make replacement parts and repair or overhaul engines and auxiliary systems of ships. MRs require an ASVAB line score (VE+AR+MK

  1. Epidemiology of dermatophytosis in junior combat and non-combat sports participants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Döğen, Aylin; Gümral, Ramazan; Oksüz, Zehra; Kaplan, Engin; Serin, Mehmet Sami; Ilkit, Macit

    2013-03-01

    Participation in competitive sports is popular and widely encouraged worldwide. Herein, we investigated 252 male and 67 female sports players, aged 16.4 ± 1.3 years, active in 15 different types of combat (n = 143) and non-combat (n = 176) sports. Of the 319 participants in this study, 11 (3.5%) players, including six wrestlers, four football players and one handball player, all of whom were men, harboured dermatophytic fungi. Briefly, Trichophyton tonsurans was present in three athletes, who were scalp carriers of the fungus. Furthermore, T. rubrum (4), T. interdigitale (3) and Arthroderma simii (1) were recovered from eight participants with tinea inguinalis (4), tinea pedis (2) or both (1). One patient was a trunk carrier of concomitant tinea pedis. All dermatophytic fungi were identified using both direction sequence of the rDNA regions spanning the internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2) and 5.8 rRNA gene. Although sports-active individuals are active and sweat more, we observed a low prevalence of dermatophytosis, both in combat (5.2%) and non-combat sports participants (3.4%) (P > 0.05). However, dermatophyte infections require more attention and appropriate management to eradicate the infection and to prevent possible outbreaks. This study also documents the first case of zoophilic A. simii in Turkey. © 2012 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  2. Combat Readiness for the Modern Military Surgeon: Data from a Decade of Combat Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    of cases on US service members, allied nation ser- vice members, civilian contractors, enemy combatants, and local nationals. Numerous medical and...Illinois, in September 2011. Address for reprints: Joshua A. Tyler, MD, Department of General Surgery, San Antonio Military Medical Center, MCHE- SDG , 3851

  3. Casualties of War: Combat Trauma and the Return of the Combat Veteran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiely, Denis O.; Swift, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    The experience of the combat soldier and the road back to civilian life are recurrent themes in American literature and cinema. Whether the treatment is tragic (Stephen Crane's "Red Badge of Courage", Tim O'Brien's "The Things They Carried", or Tony Scott's "Blackhawk Down"), satirical (Joseph Heller's "Catch Twenty-Two" and Robert Altman's…

  4. Complex Analysis of Combat in Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    represented by the Minister of National Defence, 2014 © Sa Majesté la Reine , représentée par le ministre de la Défense nationale, 2014 The...données relatives aux combats ( de l’OTAN) en Afghanistan de 2002 à 2009. Dans tous les cas, nous avons observé que les fonctions de fluctuations...seen most strongly for Att and d events, and only weakly for is and id events. Résumé L’analyse des fluctuations redressées (detrended

  5. Combat Vehicle Cooling/Heating Design Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-01

    Unit Mounting 2-14 2-2 M-60 Environmental Control Unit Mounting 2-16 2-3 HCPE System 2-18 2-4 Baseline Filter Blower Pack 2-19 3-1 Air Cycle System...Downstream HCPE Interface 4-8 4-2 Air Cycle Upstream HCPE Interface 4-9 5-1 Equivalent Evaporator Schematic 5-4 5-2 Air Cycle System Schematic 5-7 5-3...part of the combat vehicle equipment. As the hybrid collective protection equipment ( HCPE ) affects the air refrigerant make-up rates and crew

  6. Mitigation approaches to combat the flu pandemic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raman Chawla

    2009-01-01

    The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA, Government of India, with the active cooperation of UN agencies and other stakeholders/experts has formulated a concept paper on role of nonhealth service providers during pandemics in April 2008 and released national guidelines - management of biological disasters in July 2008. These guidelines enumerate that the success of medical management endeavors like pharmaceutical (anti-viral Oseltamivir and Zanamivir therapies, nonpharmaceutical interventions and vaccination development etc., largely depends on level of resistance offered by mutagenic viral strain and rationale use of pharmaco therapeutic interventions. This article describes the mitigation approach to combat flu pandemic with its effective implementation at national, state and local levels.

  7. Close Air Support versus Close Combat Attack

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    consequence when discussing the two different processes of close air support and close combat attack. This section focuses on service culture. Understanding...According to a RAND study written by Carl Builder, the Air Force “could be said to worship at the altar of technology.”67 These are not what Hofstede...characteristics that are highly prized in a culture and thus serve as models for behavior,” people like Billy Mitchell, Hap Arnold, Tooey Spaatz to name a

  8. Predictors of Psychiatric Disorders in Combat Veterans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    substance use and antisocial behavior [8,47]. We found that veterans who reported at least one symptom of mild TBI were at increased risk for psychiatric...specifically for this study. The items were adapted from other organizational commitment scales [30,39]. The items were: “I feel emotionally attached to the...screened for deployment-related traumatic brain injury. J Trauma Stress 2010, 23(1):17–24. 4. Castro CA, McGurk D: The intensity of combat and behavioral

  9. Navy Mobility Fuels Forecasting System. Phase I report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, R.M.; Hadder, G.R.; Singh, S.P.N.; Whittle, C.

    1985-07-01

    The Department of the Navy (DON) requires an improved capability to forecast mobility fuel availability and quality. The changing patterns in fuel availability and quality are important in planning the Navy's Mobility Fuels R and D Program. These changes come about primarily because of the decline in the quality of crude oil entering world markets as well as the shifts in refinery capabilities domestically and worldwide. The DON requested ORNL's assistance in assembling and testing a methodology for forecasting mobility fuel trends. ORNL reviewed and analyzed domestic and world oil reserve estimates, production and price trends, and recent refinery trends. Three publicly available models developed by the Department of Energy were selected as the basis of the Navy Mobility Fuels Forecasting System. The system was used to analyze the availability and quality of jet fuel (JP-5) that could be produced on the West Coast of the United States under an illustrative business-as-usual and a world oil disruption scenario in 1990. Various strategies were investigated for replacing the lost JP-5 production. This exercise, which was strictly a test case for the forecasting system, suggested that full recovery of lost fuel production could be achieved by relaxing the smoke point specifications or by increasing the refiners' gate price for the jet fuel. A more complete analysis of military mobility fuel trends is currently under way.

  10. A Qualitative Descriptive Analysis of Collaboration Technology in the Navy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan Wark

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Collaboration technologies enable people to communicate and use information to make organizational decisions. The United States Navy refers to this concept as information dominance. Various collaboration technologies are used by the Navy to achieve this mission. This qualitative descriptive study objectively examined how a matrix oriented Navy activity perceived an implemented collaboration technology. These insights were used to determine whether a specific collaboration technology achieved a mission of information dominance. The study used six collaboration themes as a foundation to include: (a Cultural intelligence, (b Communication, (c Capability, (d Coordination, (e Cooperation, and (f Convergence. It was concluded that collaboration technology was mostly perceived well and helped to achieve some levels of information dominance. Collaboration technology improvement areas included bringing greater awareness to the collaboration technology, revamping the look and feel of the user interface, centrally paying for user and storage fees, incorporating more process management tools, strategically considering a Continuity of Operations, and incorporating additional industry best practices for data structures. Emerging themes of collaboration were collected to examine common patterns identified in the collected data. Emerging themes included acceptance, awareness, search, scope, content, value, tools, system performance, implementation, training, support, usage, structure, complexity, approach, governance/configuration management/policy, and resourcing.

  11. Russian Navy Fresh Fuel MPC and A Training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Forehand, Harry M.; O'Shell, Parker; Opanassiouk, Yuri R.; Rexroth, Paul E.; Shmelev, Vladimir; Sukhoruchkin, Vladimir K.

    1999-01-01

    The goal of the Russian Navy Fuels Program is to incorporate nuclear fuel that is in the custody of the Russian Navy into a materials protection, control and accounting program. In addition to applying MPC and A upgrades to existing facilities, a program is underway to train site personnel in MPC and A activities. The goal is to assure that the upgraded facilities are managed, operated and maintained in an effective, sustainable manner. Training includes both the conceptual and necessary operational aspects of the systems and equipment. The project began with a Needs Assessment to identify priorities and objectives of required training. This led to the creation of a series of classes developed by Kurchatov Institute. One course was developed to allow attendees to get a general understanding of goals and objectives of nuclear MPC and A systems in the context of the Russian Navy. A follow-on course provided the detailed skills necessary for the performance of specialized duties. Parallel sessions with hands-on exercises provided the specific training needed for different personnel requirements. The courses were presented at KI facilities in Moscow. This paper reviews the work to date and future plans for this program

  12. Sleep quality affects cognitive functioning in returning combat veterans beyond combat exposure, PTSD, and mild TBI history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martindale, Sarah L; Morissette, Sandra B; Rowland, Jared A; Dolan, Sara L

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine how sleep quality affects cognitive functioning in returning combat veterans after accounting for effects of combat exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) history. This was a cross-sectional assessment study evaluating combat exposure, PTSD, mTBI history, sleep quality, and neuropsychological functioning. One hundred and nine eligible male Iraq/Afghanistan combat veterans completed an assessment consisting of a structured clinical interview, neuropsychological battery, and self-report measures. Using partial least squares structural equation modeling, combat experiences and mTBI history were not directly associated with sleep quality. PTSD was directly associated with sleep quality, which contributed to deficits in neuropsychological functioning independently of and in addition to combat experiences, PTSD, and mTBI history. Combat experiences and PTSD were differentially associated with motor speed. Sleep affected cognitive function independently of combat experiences, PTSD, and mTBI history. Sleep quality also contributed to cognitive deficits beyond effects of PTSD. An evaluation of sleep quality may be a useful point of clinical intervention in combat veterans with cognitive complaints. Improving sleep quality could alleviate cognitive complaints, improving veterans' ability to engage in treatment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Composite structural armor for combat vehicle applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haskell, William E., III; Alesi, A. L.; Parsons, G. R.

    1990-01-01

    Several projects that have demonstrated the advantages of using thick composite armor technology for structural applications in armored combat vehicles are discussed. The first involved composite cargo doors for the Marine Corps LVTP-7 amphibious landing vehicle. Another was a demonstration composite turret that offered a weight reduction of 15.5 percent. The advantages of this composite armor compared to metallic armors used for combat vehicle hull and turret applications are reduced weight at equal ballistic protection; reduced back armor spall; excellent corrosion resistance; reduced production costs by parts consolidation; and inherent thermal and acoustic insulative properties. Based on the encouraging results of these past programs, the Demonstration Composite Hull Program was started in September 1986. To demonstrate this composite armor technology, the Army's newest infantry fighting vehicle, the Bradley Fighting Vehicle (BFV), was selected as a model. A composite infantry fighting vehicle, designated the CIFV for this program, has been designed and fabricated and is currently undergoing a 6000 mile field endurance test. The CIFV demonstration vehicle uses the BFV engine, transmission, suspension, track and other equipment.

  14. U.S. Navy Chaplain Corps Recruiting: Ideas to Boost Deficiencies with Recruiting and Assessing of Chaplains

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McGuffin, Frederick A

    2008-01-01

    This study explores the need for incentives for Navy Chaplain Corps recruiting and recommends changes in the existing incentive program and a potential change to the way the Navy accesses chaplains...

  15. Bench-Scale Investigation of Composting for Remediation of Explosives-Contaminated Soils from Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane, Indiana

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Preston, Kurt

    1998-01-01

    ...), and octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7- tetrazocine (HMX). The Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC), Crane, Indiana, provides material and logistic support to the Navy's weapon systems, including expendable and nonexpendable ordnance items...

  16. International humanitarian law: the status of unlawful combatants ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The concept of combatancy has always been a fundamental issue under International Humanitarian Law, as it entails the right to attack the enemy and to enjoy prisoner of war status. This article discusses this concept as it relates to lawful and unlawful combatants in international armed conflicts focusing on the provisions of ...

  17. Promotion of good governance and combating corruption and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Melvin Mbao and G.G Komboni criticise the legal regime and institutional arrangements designed to promote good government and to combat corruption and maladministration in Botswana, a country widely acclaimed as Africa's success story. Using internationally accepted benchmarks on good governance and combating ...

  18. A naturalistic decision making model for simulated human combatants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HUNTER, KEITH O.; HART, WILLIAM E.; FORSYTHE, JAMES C.

    2000-01-01

    The authors describe a naturalistic behavioral model for the simulation of small unit combat. This model, Klein's recognition-primed decision making (RPD) model, is driven by situational awareness rather than a rational process of selecting from a set of action options. They argue that simulated combatants modeled with RPD will have more flexible and realistic responses to a broad range of small-scale combat scenarios. Furthermore, they note that the predictability of a simulation using an RPD framework can be easily controlled to provide multiple evaluations of a given combat scenario. Finally, they discuss computational issues for building an RPD-based behavior engine for fully automated combatants in small conflict scenarios, which are being investigated within Sandia's Next Generation Site Security project

  19. Psycho-physiological response of soldiers in urban combat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente J. Clemente-Suárez

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Current armed conflicts are asymmetrical and are developed m urban areas. These new requirements have not been studied for current literature. The aim of this study was to analyse changes in cortical arousal, blood lactate, muscle strength, autonomic modulation and rate of perceived exertion in a simulated urban combat. We analyzed 20 soldiers before and after an urban combat simulation. The results showed how urban combat produced high sympathetic nervous system activation, increasing the muscle strength, heart rate and blood lactate concentration of the soldiers. Despite this effort, rate of perceived exertion were not consistent with the physiological response that soldiers presented, the rate of perceived exertion was lower than the physiological response evaluated. Furthermore, the information processing and cortical arousal decreased after the urban combat simulation. These results have showed the psycho-physiological response of soldiers in combat, helping to better understanding and enabling an improvement of current training methods of soldiers.

  20. Appetitive Aggression in Women: Comparing Male and Female War Combatants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danie eMeyer-Parlapanis

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Appetitive aggression refers to positive feelings being associated with the perpetration of violent behavior and has been shown to provide resilience against the development of PTSD in combatants returning from the battlefield. Until this point, appetitive aggression has been primarily researched in males. This study investigates appetitive aggression in females. Female and male combatants and civilians from Burundi were assessed for levels of appetitive aggression. In contrast to non-combatants, no sex difference in appetitive aggression could be detected for combatants. Furthermore, each of the female and male combatant groups displayed substantially higher levels of appetitive aggression than each of the male and female civilian control groups. This study demonstrates that in violent contexts, such as armed conflict, in which individuals perpetrate numerous aggressive acts against others, the likelihood for an experience of appetitive aggression increases- regardless of whether the individuals are male or female.

  1. Development of data analysis tool for combat system integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seung-Chun Shin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available System integration is an important element for the construction of naval combat ships. In particular, because impeccable combat system integration together with the sensors and weapons can ensure the combat capability and survivability of the ship, the integrated performance of the combat system should be verified and validated whether or not it fulfills the requirements of the end user. In order to conduct systematic verification and validation, a data analysis tool is requisite. This paper suggests the Data Extraction, Recording and Analysis Tool (DERAT for the data analysis of the integrated performance of the combat system, including the functional definition, architecture and effectiveness of the DERAT by presenting the test results.

  2. 77 FR 59749 - Special Local Regulations for Marine Events; San Francisco Bay Navy Fleet Week Parade of Ships...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... Local Regulations for Marine Events; San Francisco Bay Navy Fleet Week Parade of Ships and Blue Angels... Francisco Bay for the annual U.S. Navy and City of San Francisco sponsored Fleet Week Parade of Navy Ships... Fleet Week Parade of Ships and Blue Angels Demonstration in accordance with 33 CFR 100.1105. Regulations...

  3. 76 FR 30552 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: U.S. Navy Training in the Virginia Capes Range Complex and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-26

    .... 110516281-1283-01] RIN 0648-BB03 Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: U.S. Navy Training in the Virginia... accepted in Microsoft Word, Excel, WordPerfect, or Adobe PDF file formats only. A copy of the Navy's... CFR Part 218 Exports, Fish, Imports, Incidental take, Indians, Labeling, Marine mammals, Navy...

  4. An Improved Inventory Control Model for the Brazilian Navy Supply System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-12-01

    Portuguese Centro de Controle de Inventario da Marinha, the Brazilian Navy Inventory Control Point (ICP) developed an empirical model called SPAADA...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California THESIS Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited AN IMPROVED INVENTORY CONTROL ...AN IMPROVED INVENTORY CONTROL MODEL FOR THE BRAZILIAN NAVY SUPPLY SYSTEM Contract Number Grant Number Program Element Number Author(s) Moreira

  5. Evaluation of gluten-free amaranth and navy bean flour blends on quality of sugar cookies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gluten free sugar cookies were made from amaranth (Salvia hispanica L.) and navy bean flours of different ratios. The physical properties of flour blends, dough, and cookies were evaluated. This study found that navy bean and its blends with amaranth had higher water holding capacities (WHC) compare...

  6. 33 CFR 334.310 - Chesapeake Bay, Lynnhaven Roads; navy amphibious training area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Chesapeake Bay, Lynnhaven Roads; navy amphibious training area. 334.310 Section 334.310 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF....310 Chesapeake Bay, Lynnhaven Roads; navy amphibious training area. (a) The restricted area. Beginning...

  7. Network Survivability Analysis of the Navy and Marine Corps Intranet (NMCI)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fahrenthold, Alex

    2002-01-01

    .... S. Navy and Marine Corps by harnessing the power of an integrated network. The Navy and Marine Corps Intranet constitutes the first major step into a truly network-centric warfare environment and makes them full participants in the cyber world...

  8. The Families of U.S. Navy Prisoners of War from Vietnam Five Years after Reunion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nice, D. Stephen; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Investigated marital stability and perceptions of marital adjustment and family environment among Navy prisoners of war repatriated from Vietnam (RPWs) and a Navy comparison group. Results indicated that the post-repatriation divorce rate among the RWP group was significantly higher than for the comparison group. (Author)

  9. Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-12

    Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress Ronald O’Rourke Specialist in Naval Affairs......Congressional Research Service Summary The Navy has been procuring Virginia (SSN-774) class nuclear-powered attack submarines since FY1998. The two

  10. U.S. Navy - U.S. Air Force Relationships 1970-2010. Revision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    AAS deployed non-rigid airships (blimps) for coastal patrol; USN deployed rigid airships ( dirigibles ) for scouting • Periodic executive...service antipathies intensified 1924: Navy operational support for path-breaking Army Air Service round-the-world flight 1925: Navy dirigible USS...force operational command structure remained divided among SAC, USLANTCOM, USPACOM, USEUCOM • USN successfully resisted periodic attempts to put

  11. The design and development of a management information system for the Monterey Navy Flying Club.

    OpenAIRE

    George, Derek R.

    1986-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This thesis provides a Management Information System for the Monterey Navy Flying Club. It supplies the tools necessary to enable the club manager to maintain all club records and generate required administrative and financial reports. http://archive.org/details/designdevelopmen00geor Commander, United States Navy

  12. Navy Warfare Development Command’s NEXT Magazine, Spring 2014 Edition. Volume 2, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    robust discussion of promising topics. Players use game pseudonyms to encourage Office of the Chief of Navy Reserve, to examine how the Navy...zed only by their game pseudonyms to preserve their anonymity. A t press time. the cap2con effort i s not yet oompJ~e. NVVOC. Naval Postgraduate

  13. Navy Virginia (SSN 774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-25

    Navy Virginia ( SSN -774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress Ronald O’Rourke Specialist in Naval Affairs......Congressional Research Service Summary The Navy has been procuring Virginia ( SSN -774) class nuclear-powered attack submarines since FY1998. The two Virginia

  14. Allocating Overhead Costs in a Navy Working Capital Fund Environment: An Analysis and Comparison of Current Navy Policy and Private Sector Practice

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Schulte, Steven

    1999-01-01

    .... The objective of this thesis was to evaluate the overhead allocation practices of five private sector organizations for the potential improvement of overhead allocation practices in Navy Working Capital Fund activities...

  15. Urban Combat Advanced Training Technology (Technologie avancee d’entrainement au combat urbain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-01

    unconventional forces” and that “… soldiers are often described as ill-prepared (in equipment, doctrine, training and psychology ) for the type of fighting...representation (e.g. coloured smoke); and • Data communication, etc. A key area that will need more investigation in future urban military training is C4I...Feedback), we must have common rules for safety, colour codes and practices on how you conduct combat operation. The Military Sub-Group also has

  16. Optimal Repellent Usage to Combat Dengue Fever.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorsett, Chasity; Oh, Hyunju; Paulemond, Marie Laura; Rychtář, Jan

    2016-05-01

    Dengue fever is one of the most important vector-borne diseases. It is transmitted by Aedes Stegomyia aegypti, and one of the most effective strategies to combat the disease is the reduction of exposure to bites of these mosquitoes. In this paper, we present a game-theoretical model in which individuals choose their own level of protection against mosquito bites in order to maximize their own benefits, effectively balancing the cost of protection and the risk of contracting the dengue fever. We find that even when the usage of protection is strictly voluntary, as soon as the cost of protection is about 10,000 times less than the cost of contracting dengue fever, the optimal level of protection will be within 5 % of the level needed for herd immunity.

  17. Control coordination abilities in shock combat sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya Boychenko

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: optimize the process control level of coordination abilities in martial arts. Material and Methods: analysis and compilation of scientific and methodological literature, interviews with coaches of drum martial arts, video analysis techniques, teacher observations. Results: identified specific types of coordination abilities in shock combat sports. Pod branny and offered specific and nonspecific tests to monitor the level of species athletes coordination abilities. Conclusion: it is determined that in order to achieve victory in the fight martial artists to navigate the space to be able to assess and manage dynamic and spatio-temporal parameters of movements, maintain balance, have a high coordination of movements. The proposed tests to monitor species coordination abilities athletes allow an objective assessment of not only the overall level of coordination, and the level of specific types of manifestations of this ability.

  18. SPECIFICS OF MOTIVATION IN COMBAT SPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Ilić

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Motivation can be defined as conscious or unconscious experience that serves as a factor that determines a person's behavior or her social action in a given situation. So far, various studies had identified over 100 different factors that explain why people engage in sports. However, the reasons for sports participation may differ depending on gender and sports' discipline. Therefore, in this paper were examinated whether there is a difference in the motives for sports participation among athletes engaged in different types of combat sports, and whether there is a difference in the motivation of male and female. The sample comprised 265 athletes (173 male and 92 female who practiced karate, kick boxing, fencing, taekwondo, jiu jitsu, savate and kyokushin kaikan. Athletes were offered 10 reasons for sports participation that were to be ranked according to importance. The results showed that the love and health of the most important reasons for sports' participation and that is the least important reason was the wish of parents and good look. Also, it appears that health as a reason for playing sports was important to practice karate, savate, kick boxing, and success was the most important reason to deal with fencing. The desire of parents as the reason was the least important in kyokushin kaikan. The only statistically significant difference in gender appeared in ranking of money. Money was far less significant reason for the females. One can therefore conclude that there are certain peculiarities in motivation for sport among athletes of different combat sports and that kind of sport, more than gender differences contribute to these differencies.

  19. Combating (Child Human Trafficking: Building Capacity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Winterdyk

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The presentation/paper focuses on the challenges and necessity of building capacity at local, national, and international levels with a focus of how to more effectively combat trafficking in human beings (THB. Insight from several of initiatives are shared with the aim of illustrating how to capitalize on the vast number of opportunities that already exist at these levels and how they might be coordinated to enable collaborative work in an informed and dynamic manner to combat human trafficking. Information from several recent research projects that focus on some of these same issues is also incorporated into this paper. El artículo se centra en los desafíos de la lucha contra el tráfico de personas y en la necesidad de aumentar la capacidad para ser más eficaces en ese sentido, local, nacional e internacionalmente. Nos hacemos eco de la visión de varias iniciativas, con el fin de ilustrar cómo capitalizar el gran número de oportunidades que ya existen en los ámbitos citados, y la forma en que se podrían coordinar para posibilitar la colaboración de una manera informada y dinámica para combatir la trata de personas. También se incluye en el artículo información emanada de diversos proyectos recientes de investigación sobre el tema que nos ocupa. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=3086067

  20. Mitigation Approaches to Combat the Flu Pandemic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chawla, Raman; Sharma, Rakesh Kumar; Madaan, Deepali; Dubey, Neha; Arora, Rajesh; Goel, Rajeev; Singh, Shefali; Kaushik, Vinod; Singh, Pankaj Kumar; Chabbra, Vivek; Bhardwaj, Janak Raj

    2009-01-01

    Management of flu pandemic is a perpetual challenge for the medical fraternity since time immemorial. Animal to human transmission has been observed thrice in the last century within an average range of 11-39 years of antigenic recycling. The recent outbreak of influenza A (H1N1, also termed as swine flu), first reported in Mexico on April 26, 2009, occurred in the forty first year since last reported flu pandemic (July 1968). Within less than 50 days, it has assumed pandemic proportions (phase VI) affecting over 76 countries with 163 deaths/35,928 cases (as on 15th June 2009). It indicated the re-emergence of genetically reassorted virus having strains endemic to humans, swine and avian (H5N1). The World Health Organisation (WHO) member states have already pulled up their socks and geared up to combat such criticalities. Earlier outbreaks of avian flu (H5N1) in different countries led WHO to develop pandemic preparedness strategies with national/regional plans on pandemic preparedness. Numerous factors related to climatic conditions, socio-economic strata, governance and sharing of information/logistics at all levels have been considered critical indicators in monitoring the dynamics of escalation towards a pandemic situation. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), Government of India, with the active cooperation of UN agencies and other stakeholders/experts has formulated a concept paper on role of nonhealth service providers during pandemics in April 2008 and released national guidelines - management of biological disasters in July 2008. These guidelines enumerate that the success of medical management endeavors like pharmaceutical (anti-viral Oseltamivir and Zanamivir therapies), nonpharmaceutical interventions and vaccination development etc., largely depends on level of resistance offered by mutagenic viral strain and rationale use of pharmaco therapeutic interventions. This article describes the mitigation approach to combat flu pandemic with its

  1. A survey on the measure of combat readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Kwong Fook; Nor, Norazman Mohamad; Soon, Lee Lai

    2014-09-01

    Measuring the combat readiness in military forces involves the measures of tangible and intangible elements of combat power. Though these measures are applicable, the mathematical models and formulae used focus mainly on either the tangible or the intangible elements. In this paper, a review is done to highlight the research gap in the formulation of a mathematical model that incorporates tangible elements with intangible elements to measure the combat readiness of a military force. It highlights the missing link between the tangible and intangible elements of combat power. To bridge the gap and missing link, a mathematical model could be formulated that measures both the tangible and intangible aspects of combat readiness by establishing the relationship between the causal (tangible and intangible) elements and its effects on the measure of combat readiness. The model uses multiple regression analysis as well as mathematical modeling and simulation which digest the capability component reflecting its assets and resources, the morale component reflecting human needs, and the quality of life component reflecting soldiers' state of satisfaction in life. The results of the review provide a mean to bridge the research gap through the formulation of a mathematical model that shows the total measure of a military force's combat readiness. The results also significantly identify parameters for each of the variables and factors in the model.

  2. [Gastrointestinal diseases and abdominal pain in combat veterans].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal'tsev, A I; Torgashov, M N; Popova, O S

    2013-01-01

    To analyze the role of consequences of combat stress in the development of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) diseases. One hundred and sixty-one combat veterans aged 24 to 69 years were examined. All underwent a clinical and neurological examination using the McGill pain questionnaire (MPQ), Beck depression inventory, Kotenev trauma stress questionnaire, and visual analogue scale to determine pain intensity. Anxiety, impairments in memory and sleep, and depression were identified. The SF-36 questionnaire was used to estimate quality of life in the patients. Gastric secretory function was investigated; esophagogastroduodenoscopy, X-ray and ultrasound studies, clinical and biochemical blood tests, coprological examinations, fecal tests for dysbiosis, if indicated, occult blood were made. Combat stress and its consequences as posttraumatic stress disorder have been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of GIT diseases and in the development of chronic abdominal pain. GIT diseases in combat veterans are in larger measure a sequel of impaired processes of adjustment to combat stress. Chronic abdominal pains were heterogeneous. On the one hand, chronic GIT disease serves as a source of pain syndrome; on the other hand, the central nervous system is of importance in the development of chronic abdominal pain. In addition to therapy for GIT and hepatobiliary diseases, the treatment of GIT diseases in this category of patients involves psychotherapy and neuroprotection, aimed at reducing the consequences of combat stress in combat veterans.

  3. The Role of Leadership in Navy Program Offices. Executive Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-05-01

    PROGRAM MANAGEMENT COURSE- SSTUDENT STUDY PROGRAM Fort Beivoir, Virginia, 22060 THE ROLE OF LEADERSHIP IN NAVY PROGRAM OFFICES STUDY REPORT PMC 73-1...jLa I1 • 1. Men at the Top. Osborne kLliott 1 2. "Understanding Leadership ". W. 0. H. Prentice, HBR Sep- Oct 1966 j 3. "A Theory of Human Motivation...Drucker, IMI reprint 9. Technical Management Institute Thifnkpiece, " Leadership " 1 • 0. "The Effective Manager ". Peter Drucker, LMI r~print 11. Sur-ival In

  4. Navy Automated Food Service Records Management and Control System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-01

    Acceptance of Meals 23 •^ lood Service Survey 24 V. ECONOhIC ANALYSIS 25 Fixed Costs 26 Annual Costs 27 Cost/ Benefit ...without charge as part of their benefits tor being in the Navy; and those who must pay cash for the meals that they consume in the Enlisted 0 Dining...overvie Lfl -* acai aaa -^ a -** -■* -•* aAA^ a -> -~«-•* ■ III. TEST RESULTS l3c’\\CKGROlJND The cu~rent manual system was operated by the Food

  5. Navy Medicine. Volume 102, No. 4, Fall 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    able to successfully reach these re- mote locations. In a key example of part- nership, a U.S. Marine C-130 landed a MED/DENCAP team onto a dirt run...the fingers involved in the accident and begin antibiotics due to the the amount of dirt in the wound when he came into medical. Once we were close...Outside the office, she “shreds” 50 miles on a typical week- end bike ride and pounds the pavement Navy Medical Service Corps Captain Competes in

  6. Behind the Periscope: Leadership in China’s Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Chile , Sri Lanka, and North Korea. 232 No current commander has led a Gulf of Aden mission, but at least two have other types of blue-water...To Chile and New Zealand,” PLA Daily, 13 September 2010, http://eng.mod.gov.cn/DefenseNews/2010-09/13/content_4193125.htm; “Talks Between Military...above, as South Sea Fleet commander, VADM Su, upon orders from Navy Headquarters, dispatched a Marine brigade to respond to the Sichuan earthquake in

  7. Combat wounds in Iraq and Afghanistan from 2005 to 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belmont, Philip J; McCriskin, Brendan J; Sieg, Ryan N; Burks, Robert; Schoenfeld, Andrew J

    2012-07-01

    There have been no large cohort studies examining the wounding patterns and injury mechanisms in Iraq and Afghanistan from 2005 to 2009. This investigation sought to characterize the incidence and epidemiology of combat-related injuries for this period. Using the Joint Theater Trauma Registry, a detailed description of the combat casualty care statistics, distribution of wounds, and injury mechanisms sustained by all US service members for wounds (DRG International Classification of Diseases-9th Rev. codes 800-960) during the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars from 2005 to 2009 was performed. Among the 1,992,232 military service members who were deployed, there were 29,624 distinct combat wounds in 7,877 combat casualties. The mean age of the combat casualty cohort was 26.0 years old. The combat casualties were predominantly male (98·8%), Army (77·5%), and junior enlisted (59·0%). The distribution of combat wounds was as follows: head/neck, 28·1%; thorax, 9·9%; abdomen, 10·1%; and extremities, 51·9%. Explosive injury mechanisms accounted for 74·4% of all combat casualties, which was significantly higher than those caused by gunshot wounds (19·9%) (p wounding patterns observed in Iraq and Afghanistan from 2005 to 2009 differ from previous conflicts. Explosive mechanisms accounted for 74·4% of combat casualties, which is a higher percentage than in previous US conflicts. A progressive increase in the use of explosive mechanisms in Afghanistan, eventually equaling that in Iraq, was observed during the study period.

  8. Soldier Capability - Army Combat Effectiveness (SCACE). Volume 2. Selected Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-02-01

    Porteus and Navy Maze Tests. Technical Bulletin STB 71-11. AD 728026. San Diego, CA: Naval Personnel and Training Research Laboratory, June 1971. 94. _ . A...Shirkey, E. C., and Waldkoetter, R. 0. Prelmina Validity Ree ort of the NO0S Eva ] !ationTtst for Cook.7e~ Stdy- Ro. 20J. Fort Benj~uin Kafrinsq tapanapolIs

  9. Impact of Cumulative Combat Stress on Learning in an Academic Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shea, Kevin Peter; Fishback, Sarah Jane

    2012-01-01

    The stress of multiple combat tours has created a combat-tested but combat-weary Army. While most soldiers have coped successfully with combat stress, many return home with problems that include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, aggressive behavior, insomnia, and reduced memory and concentration skills. Education is…

  10. Report on combating of illicit trafficking. The Illicit Trafficking Combat Project Group. January 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    of spot-checks, the authority can then convince itself that the operator is fulfilling the requirements. The legislation should also impose heavy sanctions and penalties for all criminal activities related to illicit trafficking. As a direct measure to combat illicit trafficking on the national level, the State supervisory and law enforcement authorities should establish co-operation between themselves and with authorities in other countries and international organisations. Special national committees for combating illicit trafficking should be set up and should use intelligence and open sources information. Regions of States should investigate and implement joint task forces for combating illicit trafficking. Improvements on the International level by the IAEA: The IAEA should assist States in the practical implementation of measures and means for combating illicit trafficking and for the evaluation of threat scenarios. To improve that process in an efficient way, the IAEA should apply the principle of public access to information on its operations to a greater extent. Among other measures for promoting the development of more efficient tools and systems for combating illicit trafficking, the IAEA should: in assisting States, establish rules about duties and responsibilities for operators, authorities and individuals in the NPT area, through appropriate documentation; promote assistance programmes to States in consultation with NPT States, as need may be, of technical equipment and competent staff for the combating of illicit trafficking; provide experts and establish standards and procedures, across borders, for the investigation of serious cases of illicit trafficking, in consultation with national and international nuclear and law enforcement authorities and organisations; incorporate a more modern safeguards inspection technique of the national systems for accountancy and control, in accordance with standards and procedures that were intended to be established

  11. PTSD in the combat veteran: using Roy's Adaptation Model to examine the combat veteran as a human adaptive system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayback, Ann Marie

    2009-05-01

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most prevalent mental disorder arising from combat and is poised to be a considerable health risk for our military veterans. To date, there is a paucity of nursing research that examines PTSD in this vulnerable population. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how Roy's Adaptation Model can be an effective framework for nurses to understand the phenomenon of posttraumatic stress disorder in the combat veteran population. Current research conducted on PTSD across other disciplines is highlighted within the context of Roy's model to elucidate the idea of the combat veteran as a human adaptive system and to identify gaps for future nursing research.

  12. Caffeine Use among Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph J. Knapik

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES indicate 89% of Americans regularly consume caffeine, but these data do not include military personnel. This cross-sectional study examined caffeine use in Navy and Marine Corps personnel, including prevalence, amount of daily consumption, and factors associated with use. A random sample of Navy and Marine Corps personnel was contacted and asked to complete a detailed questionnaire describing their use of caffeine-containing substances, in addition to their demographic, military, and lifestyle characteristics. A total of 1708 service members (SMs completed the questionnaire. Overall, 87% reported using caffeinated beverages ≥1 time/week, with caffeine users consuming a mean ± standard error of 226 ± 5 mg/day (242 ± 7 mg/day for men, 183 ± 8 mg/day for women. The most commonly consumed caffeinated beverages (% users were coffee (65%, colas (54%, teas (40%, and energy drinks (28%. Multivariable logistic regression modeling indicated that characteristics independently associated with caffeine use (≥1 time/week included older age, white race/ethnicity, higher alcohol consumption, and participating in less resistance training. Prevalence of caffeine use in these SMs was similar to that reported in civilian investigations, but daily consumption (mg/day was higher.

  13. Caffeine Use among Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph J.; Trone, Daniel W.; McGraw, Susan; Steelman, Ryan A.; Austin, Krista G.; Lieberman, Harris R.

    2016-01-01

    Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) indicate 89% of Americans regularly consume caffeine, but these data do not include military personnel. This cross-sectional study examined caffeine use in Navy and Marine Corps personnel, including prevalence, amount of daily consumption, and factors associated with use. A random sample of Navy and Marine Corps personnel was contacted and asked to complete a detailed questionnaire describing their use of caffeine-containing substances, in addition to their demographic, military, and lifestyle characteristics. A total of 1708 service members (SMs) completed the questionnaire. Overall, 87% reported using caffeinated beverages ≥1 time/week, with caffeine users consuming a mean ± standard error of 226 ± 5 mg/day (242 ± 7 mg/day for men, 183 ± 8 mg/day for women). The most commonly consumed caffeinated beverages (% users) were coffee (65%), colas (54%), teas (40%), and energy drinks (28%). Multivariable logistic regression modeling indicated that characteristics independently associated with caffeine use (≥1 time/week) included older age, white race/ethnicity, higher alcohol consumption, and participating in less resistance training. Prevalence of caffeine use in these SMs was similar to that reported in civilian investigations, but daily consumption (mg/day) was higher. PMID:27735834

  14. Acceptability and characterization of extruded pinto, navy and black beans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Courtney W; Hall, Clifford; Tulbek, Mehmet; Mendis, Mihiri; Heck, Taylor; Ogunyemi, Samuel

    2015-08-30

    Consumption of dry beans has been relatively flat over the last decade. Creating new bean products may increase the consumption of beans and allow more consumers to obtain the health benefits of beans. In this study, pinto, navy and black beans were milled and the resulting flours extruded into puffs. Unflavored extruded puffs were evaluated by untrained panelists using a hedonic scale for appearance, flavor, texture and overall acceptability. The compositions of raw flours and extrudates were characterized. Sensory results indicated that all beans met or exceeded the minimum requirement for acceptability. Overall acceptability of navy and pinto beans was not significantly different, while acceptability of black bean puffs was significantly lower. Total protein (198-217 g kg(-1)) in extrudates was significantly different among the three beans. Total starch ranged from 398 to 406 g kg(-1) and was not significantly different. Resistant starch, total extractable lipid and raffinose contents were significantly reduced by extrusion. Extrusion did not affect crude fiber and phytic acid contents. The minimal effects on protein and fiber contents, the significant reduction in raffinose content and the acceptability of the unflavored extruded puffs support using various bean flours as ingredients in extruded puffed products. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry.

  15. Caffeine Use among Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph J; Trone, Daniel W; McGraw, Susan; Steelman, Ryan A; Austin, Krista G; Lieberman, Harris R

    2016-10-09

    Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) indicate 89% of Americans regularly consume caffeine, but these data do not include military personnel. This cross-sectional study examined caffeine use in Navy and Marine Corps personnel, including prevalence, amount of daily consumption, and factors associated with use. A random sample of Navy and Marine Corps personnel was contacted and asked to complete a detailed questionnaire describing their use of caffeine-containing substances, in addition to their demographic, military, and lifestyle characteristics. A total of 1708 service members (SMs) completed the questionnaire. Overall, 87% reported using caffeinated beverages ≥1 time/week, with caffeine users consuming a mean ± standard error of 226 ± 5 mg/day (242 ± 7 mg/day for men, 183 ± 8 mg/day for women). The most commonly consumed caffeinated beverages (% users) were coffee (65%), colas (54%), teas (40%), and energy drinks (28%). Multivariable logistic regression modeling indicated that characteristics independently associated with caffeine use (≥1 time/week) included older age, white race/ethnicity, higher alcohol consumption, and participating in less resistance training. Prevalence of caffeine use in these SMs was similar to that reported in civilian investigations, but daily consumption (mg/day) was higher.

  16. UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES IN THE NAVY: ITS BENEFITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GONÇALO CASTANHEIRA ROSA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Military investment in UAV research, systems, and applied technologies is increasing, and potential uses for UAVs in civil and military operations are in development. These developments, along with growing scientific interest in UAVs, are fueling commercial interest in the unmanned market. The growing enthusiasm for UAVs is not unfounded. The vehicles offer a unique range of features, most notably ultra-long endurance and high-risk mission acceptance, which cannot be reasonably performed by manned aircraft. Coupled with advances in automation and sensor technologies, and the potential for costs savings, it is understandable that interest in and demand for UAVs is on the rise. Organizations like the Navy have all the benefits to accompany the technological evolution that every day surprises and surpasses us. An introduction or technological evolution that this kind of organizations has already begun to implement is the autonomous vehicles as a mean to an end. This paper describes and lists the advantages of the introduction of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in an organization like the navy and also the missions that such robots can perform and optimize.

  17. Description and verification of a U.S. Naval Research Lab's loosely coupled data assimilation system for the Navy's Earth System Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, N. P.; Metzger, E. J.; Smedstad, O. M.; Ruston, B. C.; Wallcraft, A. J.; Whitcomb, T.; Ridout, J. A.; Zamudio, L.; Posey, P.; Reynolds, C. A.; Richman, J. G.; Phelps, M.

    2017-12-01

    The Naval Research Laboratory is developing an Earth System Model (NESM) to provide global environmental information to meet Navy and Department of Defense (DoD) operations and planning needs from the upper atmosphere to under the sea. This system consists of a global atmosphere, ocean, ice, wave, and land prediction models and the individual models include: atmosphere - NAVy Global Environmental Model (NAVGEM); ocean - HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM); sea ice - Community Ice CodE (CICE); WAVEWATCH III™; and land - NAVGEM Land Surface Model (LSM). Data assimilation is currently loosely coupled between the atmosphere component using a 6-hour update cycle in the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Atmospheric Variational Data Assimilation System - Accelerated Representer (NAVDAS-AR) and the ocean/ice components using a 24-hour update cycle in the Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation (NCODA) with 3 hours of incremental updating. This presentation will describe the US Navy's coupled forecast model, the loosely coupled data assimilation, and compare results against stand-alone atmosphere and ocean/ice models. In particular, we will focus on the unique aspects of this modeling system, which includes an eddy resolving ocean model and challenges associated with different update-windows and solvers for the data assimilation in the atmosphere and ocean. Results will focus on typical operational diagnostics for atmosphere, ocean, and ice analyses including 500 hPa atmospheric height anomalies, low-level winds, temperature/salinity ocean depth profiles, ocean acoustical proxies, sea ice edge, and sea ice drift. Overall, the global coupled system is performing with comparable skill to the stand-alone systems.

  18. Navy Bean Flour Particle Size and Protein Content Affect Cake Baking and Batter Quality(1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Mukti; Byars, Jeffrey A; Liu, Sean X

    2015-06-01

    Whole navy bean flour and its fine and coarse particle size fractions were used to completely replace wheat flour in cakes. Replacement of wheat flour with whole bean flour significantly increased the protein content. The protein content was adjusted to 3 levels with navy bean starch. The effect of navy bean flour and its fractions at 3 levels of protein on cake batter rheology and cake quality was studied and compared with wheat flour samples. Batters prepared from navy bean flour and its fractions had higher viscosity than the cake flour. Reducing the protein content by addition of starch significantly lowered the viscosity of cake batters. The whole navy bean flour and coarse bean fraction cakes were softer than cakes made with wheat flour but had reduced springiness. Principal component analysis showed a clear discrimination of cakes according to protein. It also showed that low protein navy bean flour cakes were similar to wheat flour cakes. Navy bean flour with protein content adjusted to the level of cake (wheat) flour has potential as a healthy alternative in gluten-free cakes. Published 2015. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

  19. Future Capabilities and Roles of Uninhabited Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAV)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kelly, Scott

    2004-01-01

    ... (UCAV) a credible combat force in the near future. Unfortunately, the futuristic air surrounding these accomplishments has led to inaccurate analysis methods for future employment, resulting in outlandish claims or limited expectations...

  20. Review of ONR's Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicles Program

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2000-01-01

    At the request of the Office of Naval Research (ONR), the National Research Council established a committee, under the auspices of the Naval Studies Board, to review ONR's uninhabited combat air vehicles (UCAVs) program...

  1. Rapid Prototyping-Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV)/Sensorcraft

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tyler, Charles; Schwartz, Richard J; Fleming, Gary; Fonov, Sergey

    2008-01-01

    .... The Air Force Research Laboratory Air Vehicles Directorate (AFRL/RB) initiated a joint computational/experimental ground testing program to investigate and analyze the flow field of the unmanned combat air vehicle (UCAV...

  2. Urban Combat Service Support Operations: The Shoulders of Atlas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Glenn, Russell

    2003-01-01

    ... U.S. Army combat service support (CSS) community can prepare itself to meet them. The authors conclude that CSS operations, like other ground force undertakings, need not undergo fundamental changes simply because the environment is urban...

  3. The Warfighting Capacity of Air Combat Command's Numbered Air Forces

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hanser, Lawrence

    2000-01-01

    ...) of the Air Combat Command (ACC), General Richard E. Hawley, the ACC Commander, asked if RAND could offer an analysis of the number of NAFs that were needed by ACC to meet warfighting requirements...

  4. Organizing for Irregular Warfare: Implications for the Brigade Combat Team

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Burgess, Kenneth J

    2007-01-01

    ... operations in 21st-century irregular environments. The author argues that Infantry Brigade Combat Teams would be better optimized for the challenges of irregular warfare through structural changes that decentralize resources...

  5. Future Combat Systems (FCS) Creates Cannon and Mortar Synergy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Beard, Kirby; James, Jeff; Tolbert, Vincent J

    2008-01-01

    .... The NLOS-C is one of the eight MGVs. Program Manager FCS (Brigade Combat Team (PM FCS(BCT)) is leveraging previous and current research and development efforts to create synergy between cannons and mortars, without duplication of effort...

  6. Is Democratization a Sound Strategy for Combating Fundamentalist Islam

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Johnson, Anthony J

    2008-01-01

    .... This paper examines the premise that "universal human rights", as the basis for democracy, is compatible with Islamic culture and is therefore a sound strategy for combating the spread of "Islamic...

  7. Contributions of Women to U.S. Combat Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Burnes, Thresa

    2008-01-01

    .... combat operations from the Revolutionary War to present-day conflicts. The U.S. military continues to fight a transnational, dispersed enemy that employs irregular tactics and asymmetric warfare...

  8. Uninhibited Combat Air Vehicles and Commercial Satellites: 'The Missing Link'

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nichols, Mark

    1998-01-01

    In the not too far distant future, a new Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV), a cousin of the UAVs flying over Bosnia today, is destined to fly the most sensitive and dangerous missions the USAF is expected to accomplish...

  9. NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION: U.S. Efforts to Combat Nuclear Smuggling

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2002-01-01

    ...) information about efforts to combat nuclear smuggling at U.S. borders. My statement today is based on the results of our May 16, 2002, report on this subject1 and information we obtained from the U.S...

  10. Value of Embedded Training - Future Combat Systems Example

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pilgrim, Kevin H

    2008-01-01

    .... It has been included as a required capability in the Future Combat Systems. Purpose- To develop an analytic approach to determine the value of embedded training as it is introduced in the FCS System of Systems (SoS...

  11. Bi-Layer Wound Dressing System for Combat Casualty Care

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martineau, Lucie; Shek, Pang N

    2004-01-01

    .... Considering that commercially available dressings are not designed to meet the challenges of treating combat burn wounds, DRDC-Toronto has designed a novel, absorbent and medicated bi-layer wound...

  12. Bi-Layer Wound Dressing System for Combat Casualty Care

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martineau, Lucie; Shek, Pang N

    2004-01-01

    .... Considering that commercially available dressings are not designed to meet the challenges of treating combat burn wounds, DRDC Toronto has designed a novel, absorbent and medicated bi-layer wound...

  13. Logistics Operations in Combat Operations Against an Insurgent Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hatcher, Clay

    2007-01-01

    .... The road networks are generally not secure and put soldiers at risk. How do we distribute supplies and reduce the risk or avoid the enemy's threat to our combat logistics patrols in an insurgent environment...

  14. Reinforcement Sensitivity and Social Anxiety in Combat Veterans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimbrel, Nathan A.; Meyer, Eric C.; DeBeer, Bryann B.; Mitchell, John T.; Kimbrel, Azure D.; Nelson-Gray, Rosemery O.; Morissette, Sandra B.

    2017-01-01

    Objective The present study tested the hypothesis that low behavioral approach system (BAS) sensitivity is associated with social anxiety in combat veterans. Method Self-report measures of reinforcement sensitivity, combat exposure, social interaction anxiety, and social observation anxiety were administered to 197 Iraq/Afghanistan combat veterans. Results As expected, combat exposure, behavioral inhibition system (BIS) sensitivity, and fight-flight-freeze system (FFFS) sensitivity were positively associated with both social interaction anxiety and social observation anxiety. In contrast, BAS sensitivity was negatively associated with social interaction anxiety only. An analysis of the BAS subscales revealed that the Reward Responsiveness subscale was the only BAS subscale associated with social interaction anxiety. BAS-Reward Responsiveness was also associated with social observation anxiety. Conclusion The findings from the present research provide further evidence that low BAS sensitivity may be associated with social anxiety over and above the effects of BIS and FFFS sensitivity. PMID:28966424

  15. Project Guardian: Optimizing Electronic Warfare Systems for Ground Combat Vehicles

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Parks, Jack G; Jackson, William; Revello, James; Soltesz, James

    1995-01-01

    .... The study, Project Guardian, represents a new process for determining the optimum set of sensors and countermeasures for a specific vehicle class under the constraints of threat projection, combat...

  16. Evaluation of technology transferring: The experiences of the first Navy Domestic Technology Transfair. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-12-31

    In August 1989 the Office of the Chief of Naval Research and the American Defense Preparedness Association conducted the first Navy Domestic Technology Transfair. The objective of the Transfair was to expose the US Navy`s years of solid experience across a broad span of technology to organizations outside of the Navy. It was an opportunity for private industry to capitalize on the Navy developed technology and this opening for industry was the primary focus of the Transfair. The event provided a unique forum to meet leading Navy scientific and engineering innovators face-to-face. Information was available concerning licensing of naval technology that was for sale to the private sector. Further, discussions covered opportunities for new cooperative research and development agreements with Navy laboratories and R&D activities. These agreements were authorized under the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986. The Transfair program was conducted in such a manner as to allow each Navy inventor, either scientist or engineer, to present a system, piece of hardware, or licensable concept in a formal paper presentation. Then, the Navy inventors were available in two, two-hour periods in which individual discussions were conducted, with attendees pursuing specific venues of cooperative agreements as desired. This report provides specifics concerning the technologies that were made available for transfer to the private sector during the Transfair. The Transfair concept sought to add special emphasis to the opening that the 1988 Technology Transfer Act brought to the marketplace. The experience was a step in the education of the possibilities for cooperation between the government and the private sector to share technology. Of additional significance is the economic enhancement for business expansion with the application of the technology to markets beyond defense.

  17. Prevalence and patterns of combat sport related maxillofacial injuries

    OpenAIRE

    Shirani, Gholamreza; Kalantar Motamedi, Mohammad Hosein; Ashuri, Alireza; Eshkevari, Pooyan Sadr

    2010-01-01

    Aim: This study was designed to assess the prevalence, distribution, and patterns of injury among athletes engaged in combat sports and compare the prevalence, pattern, and types of oral and maxillofacial trauma in these athletes. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 male athletes engaged in four combat sports (boxing, taekwondo, kickboxing, and Muay Thai) who had sustained bodily trauma were studied; 95 subjects with at least one traumatic injury to the face requiring treatment were referre...

  18. Excellence in fleet combat replacement squadrons: predicting carrier qualification success

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Martin P.

    1988-01-01

    This thesis presents a two-part analysis of excellence criteria for fleet combat replacement squadrons. Part one focuses on the qualitative issues and management techniques identified in outstanding fleet combat replacement squadrons. Part two develops and presents a regression model for predicting a fleet replacement squadron pilot's carrier qualification grade. The model was derived using standard linear regression techniques and the SPSSx software package of the Naval Postgraduate School. ...

  19. Technical-tactical and physiological demands of wrestling combats

    OpenAIRE

    Bianka Miarka

    2016-01-01

    Technical-tactical and physiological demand analyses of wrestling combats are important because they reveal essential information for the development of contextual training and specific physical preparation of wrestlers. Therefore, the aim of this review is to describe the characteristics of wrestling combats in freestyle, female and Greco-roman styles. The time-motion analysis presented in this article is the main component to carry out inferences on intensity and effort: pause ratio of comb...

  20. Addressing the Needs of Children and Families of Combat Injured

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    08-2-0066 TITLE: Addressing the Needs of Children and Families of Combat Injured PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Dr. Stephen Cozza...Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39.18 W81XWH-08-2-0066 Addressing the Needs of Children and Families of Combat Injured Dr. Stephen Cozza The Henry M...children under 18 years old and within 2 years of hospitalization or return from deployment), a training manual “Addressing the Needs of Children and

  1. Is Persuasive Advertising Always Combative in a Distribution Channel?

    OpenAIRE

    Chi-Cheng Wu; Ying-Ju Chen; Chih-Jen Wang

    2009-01-01

    The existing marketing literature suggests that persuasive advertising elicits counteractions from competing manufacturers and consequently leads to wasteful cancellation of the advertising effects. Thus, persuasive advertising is widely perceived to be combative in nature. A series of previously published papers demonstrates that appropriate targeting may partially mitigate the combative nature of persuasive advertising in that either the rival manufacturer or the retailer may benefit. In th...

  2. Suicide attempts in U.S. Army combat arms, special forces and combat medics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ursano, Robert J; Kessler, Ronald C; Naifeh, James A; Mash, Holly Herberman; Fullerton, Carol S; Ng, Tsz Hin Hinz; Aliaga, Pablo A; Wynn, Gary H; Dinh, Hieu M; McCarroll, James E; Sampson, Nancy A; Kao, Tzu-Cheg; Schoenbaum, Michael; Heeringa, Steven G; Stein, Murray B

    2017-05-25

    The U.S. Army suicide attempt rate increased sharply during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Risk may vary according to occupation, which significantly influences the stressors that soldiers experience. Using administrative data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS), we identified person-month records for all active duty Regular Army enlisted soldiers who had a medically documented suicide attempt from 2004 through 2009 (n = 9650) and an equal-probability sample of control person-months (n = 153,528). Logistic regression analyses examined the association of combat occupation (combat arms [CA], special forces [SF], combat medic [CM]) with suicide attempt, adjusting for socio-demographics, service-related characteristics, and prior mental health diagnosis. In adjusted models, the odds of attempting suicide were higher in CA (OR = 1.2 [95% CI: 1.1-1.2]) and CM (OR = 1.4 [95% CI: 1.3-1.5]), but lower in SF (OR = 0.3 [95% CI: 0.2-0.5]) compared to all other occupations. CA and CM had higher odds of suicide attempt than other occupations if never deployed (ORs = 1.1-1.5) or previously deployed (ORs = 1.2-1.3), but not when currently deployed. Occupation was associated with suicide attempt in the first ten years of service, but not beyond. In the first year of service, primarily a time of training, CM had higher odds of suicide attempt than both CA (OR = 1.4 [95% CI: 1.2-1.6]) and other occupations (OR = 1.5 [95% CI: 1.3-1.7]). Discrete-time hazard functions revealed that these occupations had distinct patterns of monthly risk during the first year of service. Military occupation can inform the understanding suicide attempt risk among soldiers.

  3. The using of combat sports in physical education at high school

    OpenAIRE

    Dvořáček, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Title: The using of combat sports in physical education at high school Goals: To find out the high school pupils' relation to physical education, their relation to combat sports and their relation to class of combat sports Methods: This is a quantitative research, in which will be used method of questioning by questionnaire. Results: Results indicate what the relations of high school pupils to physical education, to combat sports and to the class of combat sports. We found out, that the relat...

  4. Active Diagnosis of Navy Machinery Rev 2.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    buildup generally causes a pipe to disconnect from a junction, causing water to leak . This limits the faults that are testable, since many of the faults...electrical distribution and potable water supply systems. Because of these dependencies, ship auxiliary system failures can cause combat load failure...mutually monitoring the host system [19]. Ishida applied this concept to a sensor network used to monitor a cement plant; each agent in Ishida’s

  5. Report on combating of illicit trafficking. The Illicit Trafficking Combat Project Group. January 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-01-01

    . By means of spot-checks, the authority can then convince itself that the operator is fulfilling the requirements. The legislation should also impose heavy sanctions and penalties for all criminal activities related to illicit trafficking. As a direct measure to combat illicit trafficking on the national level, the State supervisory and law enforcement authorities should establish co-operation between themselves and with authorities in other countries and international organisations. Special national committees for combating illicit trafficking should be set up and should use intelligence and open sources information. Regions of States should investigate and implement joint task forces for combating illicit trafficking. Improvements on the International level by the IAEA: The IAEA should assist States in the practical implementation of measures and means for combating illicit trafficking and for the evaluation of threat scenarios. To improve that process in an efficient way, the IAEA should apply the principle of public access to information on its operations to a greater extent. Among other measures for promoting the development of more efficient tools and systems for combating illicit trafficking, the IAEA should: in assisting States, establish rules about duties and responsibilities for operators, authorities and individuals in the NPT area, through appropriate documentation; promote assistance programmes to States in consultation with NPT States, as need may be, of technical equipment and competent staff for the combating of illicit trafficking; provide experts and establish standards and procedures, across borders, for the investigation of serious cases of illicit trafficking, in consultation with national and international nuclear and law enforcement authorities and organisations; incorporate a more modern safeguards inspection technique of the national systems for accountancy and control, in accordance with standards and procedures that were intended to be

  6. Urban Combat Advanced Training Technology (Technologie Avancee d’Entrainement au Combat Urbain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    la satisfaction de son objectif. De plus des documents ont été donnés au SISO et à l’ITEC. Le...souhaitables. Si vous souhaitez recevoir une notification électronique de la disponibilité des rapports de la RTO au fur et à mesure de leur publication...INTRODUCTION Le groupe de travail (TG) sur la Technologie avancée d’entraînement au combat urbain (UCATT) a été constitué au sein du groupe de

  7. Combat Stress Decreases Memory of Warfighters in Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado-Moreno, Rosa; Robles-Pérez, José Juan; Clemente-Suárez, Vicente Javier

    2017-08-01

    The present research aimed to analyze the effect of combat stress in the psychophysiological response and attention and memory of warfighters in a simulated combat situation. Variables of blood oxygen saturation, heart rate, blood glucose, blood lactate, body temperature, lower body muscular strength manifestation, cortical arousal, autonomic modulation, state anxiety and memory and attention through a postmission questionnaire were analyzed before and after a combat simulation in 20 male professional Spanish Army warfighters. The combat simulation produces a significant increase (p body temperature post, HF post/correct sound, body temperature post/glucose post, CFFTpre/lactate post, CFFT post/wrong sound, glucose post/AC pre, AC post/wrong fusil, AS post/SC post and SC post/wrong olfactory; and negative correlations: LF post/correct sound, body temperature post/lactate post and glucose post/lactate post. This data suggest that combat stress actives fight-flight system of soldiers. As conclusion, Combat stress produces an increased psychophysiological response that cause a selective decrease of memory, depending on the nature, dangerous or harmless of the objects.

  8. Technical-tactical and physiological demands of wrestling combats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianka Miarka

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Technical-tactical and physiological demand analyses of wrestling combats are important because they reveal essential information for the development of contextual training and specific physical preparation of wrestlers. Therefore, the aim of this review is to describe the characteristics of wrestling combats in freestyle, female and Greco-roman styles. The time-motion analysis presented in this article is the main component to carry out inferences on intensity and effort: pause ratio of combat actions. After rules modification in 2013, wrestling combats showed quicker and more diversified actions, especially in the lighter categories. For Greco-roman wrestling, most studies showed takedowns as the most effective techniques in World competitions for the period 2009-2011. For the same period, foot/leg techniques were the most effective in female and freestyle wrestling, followed by takedown attacks. Recent analyses, developed after 2013 rules modification, showed that the decisive offensive actions were applied on foot and in par terre situations – especially gutwrenches techniques and derivatives of suplex movements. The knowledge on the determinant and predominant actions of wrestling combats can be applied in future research, as well as can be used practically for training, physical preparation and assessments of similar combat actions. It also allows interventions to prevent injuries resulting from technical and tactical wrestling actions.

  9. Combating oil spill problem using plastic waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saleem, Junaid; Ning, Chao; Barford, John; McKay, Gordon

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • Up-cycling one type of pollution i.e. plastic waste and successfully using it to combat the other type of pollution i.e. oil spill. • Synthesized oil sorbent that has extremely high oil uptake of 90 g/g after prolonged dripping of 1 h. • Synthesized porous oil sorbent film which not only facilitates in oil sorption but also increases the affinity between sorbent and oil by means of adhesion. - Abstract: Thermoplastic polymers (such as polypropylene, polyethylene, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and high density polyethylene (HDPE)) constitute 5–15% of municipal solid waste produced across the world. A huge quantity of plastic waste is disposed of each year and is mostly either discarded in landfills or incinerated. On the other hand, the usage of synthetic polymers as oil sorbents, in particular, polyolefins, including polypropylene (PP), and polyethylene (PE) are the most commonly used oil sorbent materials mainly due to their low cost. However, they possess relatively low oil absorption capacities. In this work, we provide an innovative way to produce a value-added product such as oil-sorbent film with high practical oil uptake values in terms of g/g from waste HDPE bottles for rapid oil spill remedy

  10. Combating oil spill problem using plastic waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saleem, Junaid, E-mail: junaidupm@gmail.com [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Karachi (Pakistan); Ning, Chao; Barford, John [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon (Hong Kong); McKay, Gordon [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon (Hong Kong); Division of Sustainable Development, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar Foundation, Doha (Qatar)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • Up-cycling one type of pollution i.e. plastic waste and successfully using it to combat the other type of pollution i.e. oil spill. • Synthesized oil sorbent that has extremely high oil uptake of 90 g/g after prolonged dripping of 1 h. • Synthesized porous oil sorbent film which not only facilitates in oil sorption but also increases the affinity between sorbent and oil by means of adhesion. - Abstract: Thermoplastic polymers (such as polypropylene, polyethylene, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and high density polyethylene (HDPE)) constitute 5–15% of municipal solid waste produced across the world. A huge quantity of plastic waste is disposed of each year and is mostly either discarded in landfills or incinerated. On the other hand, the usage of synthetic polymers as oil sorbents, in particular, polyolefins, including polypropylene (PP), and polyethylene (PE) are the most commonly used oil sorbent materials mainly due to their low cost. However, they possess relatively low oil absorption capacities. In this work, we provide an innovative way to produce a value-added product such as oil-sorbent film with high practical oil uptake values in terms of g/g from waste HDPE bottles for rapid oil spill remedy.

  11. Combating Ageism: How Successful Is Successful Aging?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calasanti, Toni

    2016-12-01

    To explore the extent to which the successful aging discourse has accomplished Rowe and Kahn's (1998) goal of combating ageism by (a) eradicating the narrative of decline and burden, and highlighting the positive aspects of aging; and (b) emphasizing individuals' ability to age successfully. To investigate this, I first situate ageism in a framework of age relations. Using a qualitative approach, I analyze data generated from semistructured, in-depth interviews conducted among a diverse sample of 19 middle-aged men and women. Respondents were asked about what successful aging means to them, as well as their perceptions of their own aging, and old age. Respondents are familiar with the notion of successful aging, and they believe that they can and should achieve this. However, rather than easing ageism, they experience the mandate to age successfully as a source of tension as they simultaneously realize that it is outside their control. They express continued fears of aging; and they implicitly blame themselves or others who fail to age successfully. Their comments suggest that, rather than supplanting the discourse of decline, the successful aging narrative coexists with it. By not challenging the age relations that denigrate differences, the successful aging framework does not eliminate ageism and might even increase it. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Gerontological Society of America 2015.

  12. Combating illegal nuclear traffic - Poland's experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smagala, G.

    1998-01-01

    International non-proliferation efforts have been taken to reduce the risk related to nuclear materials and radioactive sources. The physical security of nuclear facilities to prevent acts of sabotage or terrorism and to protect nuclear materials against loss or seizure is an essential element of the nuclear non-proliferation regime. Iraq case and the end of the Cold War have influenced the development of co-operation and openness in many countries. Poland due to: - its geolocation, - a growing number of post Chernobyl contamination transports and - high risk to become a transit country in illicit trafficking of nuclear materials and radioactive sources, initiated deployment of the fixed installation instruments at the border check-points. Since the end of 1990 to now 103 such devices have been installed. Broader involvement in combating illicit nuclear trafficking of Border Guards, Customs Services, Police and Intelligence Security has been noticed. Paper presents Poland's experience in implementing national prevention measures to reduce nuclear proliferation risk and in detecting capabilities against illicit nuclear traffic. (author)

  13. Combating computer crimes: A long term strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kizza, J.M. [Univ. of Tennessee, Chattanooga, TN (United States)

    1994-12-31

    Computer crimes are a new kind of crime less than twenty years old, but in these twenty years or so the computer crime rate has risen alarmingly, costing society billions of dollars annually. In software alone this figure is in billions; software piracy in USA resulted in a loss of 2.9 billion dollars in 1989 and 2.4 billion dollars in 1990. The problem is growing rapidly with a steadily increasing use of computers by the public. The number of people using computers in the USA in the last 10 years either at work or at home has jumped from almost zero to about 40 per cent of the population. In the next decade this number may approach 80 percent. With such widespread use of computers at work and home together with the ever increasing number of local, national, and international networks, computer crimes are expected to sky rocket, and if no adequate means are devised to combat these crimes now, the future promises to be no less frightening than the present.

  14. Phytochemicals from plants to combat cardiovascular disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasanthi, H R; ShriShriMal, N; Das, D K

    2012-01-01

    For many decades, the use of synthetic chemicals as drugs has been effective in the treatment of most diseases. Moreover, from ancient to modern history, many traditional plant based medicines are playing an important role in health care. Phytochemicals are natural bioactive compounds found in vegetables, fruits, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, leaves, flowers and roots which act as a defense system to combat against diseases. The phytochemicals from natural products cover a diverse range of chemical entities such as polyphenols, flavonoids, steroidal saponins, organosulphur compounds and vitamins. A number of bioactive compounds generally obtained from terrestrial plants such as isoflavones, diosgenin, resveratrol, quercetin, catechin, sulforaphane, tocotrienols and carotenoids are proven to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and aid in cardioprotection which is the leading cause of death globally. The cardioprotective effects of the various phytochemicals are perhaps due to their antioxidative, antihypercholesteroemic, antiangiogenic, anti-ischemic, inhibition of platelet aggregation and anti inflammatory activities that reduce the risk of cardiovascular disorders. The multi-faceted role of the phytochemicals is mediated by its structure-function relationship and can be considered as leads for cardiovascular drug design in future. This review summarizes the findings of recent studies on selected phytochemicals as prophylactic and therapeutic agents in cardioprotection.

  15. Combating the counterfeits with web portal technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ting, S. L.; Ip, W. H.

    2015-10-01

    Due to the globalisation of counterfeiting activities, the penetration of fake products in open market is growing. So far, the technologies to combat counterfeiting are mostly applied to high-value products (e.g. premium wine and branded handbags); however, in the medium- and low-value products' perspective, there is no secure way for consumers to identify whether the purchased items are genuine or not. To address the counterfeiting problems effectively, a platform for identifying authenticated products and promoting anti-counterfeit activities is very important. The aim of this paper is to design and develop an anti-counterfeit platform which includes two functions: providing customers a secure network to ascertain the genuineness of their purchased product and increasing public awareness of the current counterfeit problems and updated anti-counterfeit solutions. By combining these two functions, it enables public to fight against fake and beware of counterfeit. Results of adopting portal technology in anti-counterfeiting show high accuracy in product checking and improved creditability. This reveals that the applicability and advantage of the proposed methodology are satisfactory.

  16. Development of botanicals to combat antibiotic resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pooja D. Gupta

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The discovery of antibiotics in the previous century lead to reduction in mortality and morbidity due to infectious diseases but their inappropriate and irrational use has resulted in emergence of resistant microbial populations. Alteration of target sites, active efflux of drugs and enzymatic degradations are the strategies employed by the pathogenic bacteria to develop intrinsic resistance to antibiotics. This has led to an increased interest in medicinal plants since 25–50% of current pharmaceuticals are plant derived. Crude extracts of medicinal plants could serve as an alternate source of resistance modifying agents owing to the wide variety of secondary metabolites. These metabolites (alkaloids, tannins, polyphenols etc. could act as potentials for antimicrobials and resistance modifiers. Plant extracts have the ability to bind to protein domains leading to modification or inhibition protein–protein interactions. This enables the herbals to also present themselves as effective modulators of host related cellular processes viz immune response, mitosis, apoptosis and signal transduction. Thus they may exert their activity not only by killing the microorganism but by affecting key events in the pathogenic process, thereby, the bacteria, fungi and viruses may have a reduced ability to develop resistance to botanicals. The article is meant to stimulate research wherein the cidal activity of the extract is not the only parameter considered but other mechanism of action by which plants can combat drug resistant microbes are investigated. The present article emphasizes on mechanisms involved in countering multi drug resistance.

  17. FATF in Combating the Financing of Terrorism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Slavikovna Melkumyan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the FATF specific approach to the problem of terrorism financing. The FATF essence, content of the activity and influence levers are also analyzed within the article. It is shown that the FATF has reviewed the problem of terrorism financing in the broadest perspective, having engaged simultaneously and consistently mechanisms for combating money laundering and terrorism financing. The Task Force has greatly contributed to building of the world counter-terrorism financing system through forming the legal and institutional basis as well as through interaction with all the possible participants and actors of world politics in this area. Moreover, the FATF has succeeded in geographical expansion of the FATF influence from the original 16 to187 jurisdictions by promotion of FATF-style regional bodies establishment. Particular attention is drawn to the unique features of the FATF Recommendations in comparison with the earlier issued sources of international law, which define the international counter-terrorism financing regime. The author believes that one of the advantages of the FATF as an institute within the counter-terrorism financing system among others is the informal status of the FATF, which provides its flexibility and high ability to respond quickly and in a timely manner to evolving nature of money laundering and terrorism financing as well as emerging threats.

  18. Impact of Combat Duty in Iraq and Afghanistan on Family Functioning: Findings from the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Land Combat Study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Huge, Charles W; Castro, Carl A; Eaton, Karen M

    2006-01-01

    .... However, most studies of the impact of combat on military families have not been conducted proximal to the time of deployments, and there are many research gaps in understanding the full impact of combat deployment...

  19. Trained and Ready Combat Forces: The Role of Training Devices in Sustaining Combat Force Proficiency During Deployments

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Taylor, James

    1997-01-01

    ... (MOOTW). The Army's ground combat forces, even while engaged in MOOTW activities, must maintain proficiency to wage war in the event that peacetime engagement, deterrence and conflict prevention fail...

  20. Cultural and Religious Awareness: The Key to Analyzing and Combating the Relative Combat Power for Islamic-Based Terrorism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Khan, Muhammad M

    2005-01-01

    ... terrorists. Second, the United States must conduct cultural awareness/cultural intelligence training for all military personnel who are deploying to combat the GWOT, and for all staff in the regional standing...

  1. Selected Foreign Counterparts of U.S. Army Ground Combat Systems and Implications for Combat Operations and Modernization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-18

    not have a new ground combat vehicle under development and “at current funding levels, the Bradley and Abrams will remain in the inventory for 50...time since World War I, that the Army does not have a new ground combat vehicle under development and “at current funding levels, the Bradley and...Jane’s Land Warfare Platforms Armoured Fighting Vehicles, 2016-2017; IHS Jane’s Armour and Artillery, 2011-2012; and unclassified information provided to

  2. Research on the Structure, Quality and Measures to Prevent and Combat Soil Erosion in the Village Stejaru from Teleorman County

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana Popa

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This study is part of a research project on the influence of agro-livestock activities on surface water quality inTeleorman County. The paper presents structure, quality and measures to prevent and combat soil erosion in relationto agro-livestock activities in this area. The paper presents structure, quality and measures to prevent and combat soilerosion in relation to agro-livestock activities in this area. The research has been done in the whole locality, and tooksoil samples to determine the type and soil texture and soil supply status with major nutrients (N, P, K. Based onthese results and knowing the types of main crops and livestock structure, at Stejaru level, recommendations weremade about avoiding the risks of pollution of surface water by nitrates from agricultural and livestock activities.

  3. Surface Warfare, Concept to Reality November/December 1997

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sabalos, Nicholas

    1997-01-01

    In this issue we take a detailed look at concepts being examined by our warfighters, laboratories and industry to bring to today's waterfront prototypes of systems and combat capabilities the Surface...

  4. Assured communications and combat resiliency: the relationship between effective national communications and combat efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allgood, Glenn O.; Kuruganti, Phani Teja; Nutaro, James; Saffold, Jay

    2009-05-01

    Combat resiliency is the ability of a commander to prosecute, control, and consolidate his/her's sphere of influence in adverse and changing conditions. To support this, an infrastructure must exist that allows the commander to view the world in varying degrees of granularity with sufficient levels of detail to permit confidence estimates to be levied against decisions and course of actions. An infrastructure such as this will include the ability to effectively communicate context and relevance within and across the battle space. To achieve this will require careful thought, planning, and understanding of a network and its capacity limitations in post-event command and control. Relevance and impact on any existing infrastructure must be fully understood prior to deployment to exploit the system's full capacity and capabilities. In this view, the combat communication network is considered an integral part of or National communication network and infrastructure. This paper will describe an analytical tool set developed at ORNL and RNI incorporating complexity theory, advanced communications modeling, simulation, and visualization technologies that could be used as a pre-planning tool or post event reasoning application to support response and containment.

  5. Defining and Assessing the Impact to the Combat/Weapon Systems of a Ship Post Major Overhaul

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    Strike Warfare ( STW )  Surface Warfare (SUW)  Undersea Warfare (USW)  Expeditionary Warfare (EXW)  Electronic Warfare (EW) CSSQT assess all combat...quadrants one and four are recommended for CSSQT which means if funding and resources are available then these ships should be designated to perform a...CSSQT. Ships in quadrant two would benefit the most from a CSSQT and it those ships should be the first to be allocated funding and resources . 46

  6. Journal Vouchers for FY 2000 Department of the Navy General Fund Financial Reporting

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2001-01-01

    ...) General Fund Financial Statements. The previous reports discuss accounting entries supporting Marine Corps reporting and our endorsement of he Naval Audit Service disclaimer of opinion on the FY 2000 Navy General Fund financial statements...

  7. Study of Navy Enlisted Attrition: Race, Ethnicity, and Type of Occupation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carroll, James M

    2008-01-01

    The primary objective of this study is to gain a better understanding of Navy first-term enlisted attrition among racial/ethnic minorities by comparing attrition rates in technical and nontechnical occupations...

  8. Pregnancy and Single Parenthood in the Navy: Results of a 1997 Survey

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Thomas, Patricia

    1998-01-01

    .... The Navy's annual pregnancy rates parallel civilian rates for age cohorts. Half of the women experiencing an unplanned pregnancy were not using birth control, whereas the pill was the most failure-prone method of contraception...

  9. Analysis of Recruit Attrition from the Navy's Delayed Entry Program and Recruit Training Command

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Neuhalfen, Jon K

    2007-01-01

    .... The analysis uses the PRIDE database, provided by Commander, Navy Recruiting Command. Trend analyses are used to identify significant changes in enlistment and attrition behavior for recruits who joined from fiscal years 1998 through 2005...

  10. Navy Ships: Turning Over Auxiliary Ship Operations to the Military Sealift Command Could Save Millions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1997-01-01

    .... One additional multiproduct ship of a new class is currently under construction. The Navy has delegated operational control of 27 of these ships to MSC, the military's single manager for sealift, to better...

  11. A Preliminary Analysis of Advance Appropriations as a Budgeting Method for Navy Ship Procurements

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Blickstein, Irv

    2002-01-01

    ...; programs run into problems, causing both schedule and cost overruns; etc. Furthermore, when the Navy prepares its budget, the relatively large shipbuilding portion is occasionally used as a source of funds to meet other needs...

  12. Analyzing the Assignment of Enlisted Recruiting Goal Shares via the Navy's Enlisted Goaling and Forecasting Model

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hojnowski, Ronald A

    2005-01-01

    ...) and assigned to Navy Regional recruiting commands. Through use of an econometric goaling and forecasting model employed by CNRC and a less complicated weighting system used by Regions, goal shares are generated using factors believed to accurately...

  13. Information Technology (IT) Ethics: Training and Awareness Materials for the Department of the Navy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Senter, Jasper

    2002-01-01

    Information ethics is a relatively new field of study that aims to identify and to analyze the impact technology has on society, personal values, and the application of ethics in cyberspace The Department of the Navy (DoN...

  14. A Model for Predicting the Repair Costs of U.S. Navy Inventory Items

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tan, Jeffrey

    2003-01-01

    .... Navy inventory items. The thesis examines several prediction methodologies, including a ratio-estimator prediction method that is a modification of the methodology currently in use, as well as regression analysis...

  15. Gathering Ideas Online: Results of the Navy Personnel Command (NPC) Telework Virtual Suggestion Box

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    participate in telecommuting (another term for telework), and in 2001, the Under Secretary of Defense memorandum provided a policy for telework within...Manpower, Personnel, Training and Education Telecommuting (Telework) Program (CHNAVPERSNOTE 5330). Washington, DC: Author. Commander, Navy

  16. Compilation of the FY 2000 Navy Working Capital Fund Financial Statements

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Granetto, Paul

    2001-01-01

    ... to the Office of Management and Budget. This is the fifth and final report on our audit work on the FY 2000 Navy Working Capital Fund Financial Statements and related controls and supporting financial data...

  17. Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use - Background for Congress

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Rourke, Ronald

    2006-01-01

    ...%. The Navy has installed fuel-saving bulbous bows and stern flaps on many of its ships. Ship fuel use could be reduced by shifting to advanced turbine designs such as an intercooled recuperated (ICR) turbine...

  18. Software Test Description (STD) for the Globally Relocatable Navy Tide/Atmospheric Modeling System (PCTides)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Posey, Pamela

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this Software Test Description (STD) is to establish formal test cases to be used by personnel tasked with the installation and verification of the Globally Relocatable Navy Tide/Atmospheric Modeling System (PCTides...

  19. Study of Attrition Documentation at the U.S. Navy Recruit Training Command

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Condon, Nancy K; Eckenrode, John E

    2006-01-01

    .... Navy's Recruit Training Command (RTC). A random sample of 754 "retained files" from Customer Service Desk RTC was examined for attrition documentation and the information obtained was compared with attrition documentation contained...

  20. Statement of Honorable Donald C. Winter Secretary of the Navy Before the House Armed Services Committee

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Winter, Donald C

    2007-01-01

    Mr. Chairman, Mr. Ranking Member, and Members of the Committee, it is an honor to appear before you representing the brave men and women of the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps active, reserve...

  1. Department of the Navy Suicide Incident Report (DONSIR): Preliminary Findings January-June 1999

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hourani, Laurel

    1999-01-01

    .... The purposes of the DONSIR are to standardize the review and reporting process on Navy and Marine Corps suicides, and to develop a database to be used to identify risk factors and improve prevention...

  2. Department of the Navy Suicide Incident Report (DONSIR): Summary of 1999-2002 Findings

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stander, Valerie A; Hilton, Susan M; Kennedy, Kevin R; Gaskin, Thomas

    2004-01-01

    ...) to collect data on completed suicides in the U.S. Navy (USN) and Marine Corps (USMC). The long-term goal of this program is to improve suicide prevention by identifying and modifying military-specific risk factors...

  3. Defense Finance and Accounting Service Work on the Navy General Fund 1996 Financial Statements

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1998-01-01

    ... for the Marine Corps, and on the Defense Finance and Accounting Service Cleveland Center, which consolidated the financial information for Navy and Marine Corps and compiled the financial statements...

  4. Defense Inventory Improved Management Framework Needed to Guide Navy Best Practice Initiatives

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1999-01-01

    In this report, we discuss our evaluation of the Department of the Navy's best practices implementation schedule for the acquisition and distribution of secondary inventory items, which the Department...

  5. Incremental Validity of New Computerized Aptitude Tests for Predicting Training Performance in Nine Navy Technical Schools

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wolfe, John H; Larson, Gerald E; Alderton, David L

    2006-01-01

    During their second week of basic training, 4,989 Navy recruits assigned to one of nine technical training schools were administered a battery of six experimental computerized aptitude tests measuring four constructs...

  6. Navy Ordnance Analysis of Business Area Efforts to Streamline Operations and Reduce Costs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1997-01-01

    .... The Navy reorganized this business area in 1993 in order to reduce costs and address various deficiencies in ordnance logistics management that were identified during Desert Shield/Desert Storm...

  7. Maintenance Practices for Emergency Diesel Generator Engines Onboard United States Navy Los Angeles Class Nuclear Submarines

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hawks, Matthew A

    2006-01-01

    .... All underway Navy nuclear reactors are operated with diesel generators as a backup power system, able to provide emergency electric power for reactor decay heat removal as well as enough electric...

  8. Allocation of Recruiting Resources Across Navy Recruiting Stations and Metropolitan Areas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jarosz, Suzanne

    1999-01-01

    .... However, the allocation of these resources across the 31 Navy recruiting districts must be made based on the characteristics of each district, and recruiters must be placed in geographic locations...

  9. A Stakeholder Analysis of the Navy's Thirty-Year Shipbuilding Plan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Loughlin, Patrick R

    2007-01-01

    Using a stakeholder management approach, this thesis helps the U.S. Navy understand who the external stakeholders are with respect to the Thirty-Year Shipbuilding Plan, the priority of differing stakeholder claims, and the nature...

  10. Understanding and combating resistance to online learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vivolo, John

    2016-12-01

    Resistance to change is an easy thing for human beings to understand. It is at the heart of our desire to find comfort with the familiar such as family, friends and our homes. We create homes that are designed a certain way and usually are slow to change. We make friends for years and keep those memories etched in stone, even though time and age create a romanticised version of the past. Change scares us so much that we reflect on our past, the old days, with such reverence that we paint over the ugly parts. However, we still talk about how change is good. Consider our institutionalised method of learning that has existed for centuries and involved people sitting learning from another person in a physical space. Then, suddenly in the last 20 years, there is a complete change and almost every major institution in the United States and many around the world decided to offer a new method of learning. Enter online learning. It becomes a sudden disruption to a traditional system. It is not surprising that there has been resistance from faculty, students and administrators. Even in the face of evidence that online learning works as effectively as traditional onsite learning, still people resist. Oddly enough, the resistance can come from those who base their careers on facts and research, but continue to ignore the evidence. Even performance results get ignored. While this article will address the source of resistance to online learning, it will focus primarily on how to combat this resistance within an organisation or institution.

  11. Revised Land Use Characteristic Dataset for Asia and Southwest Asia for the Navy Aerosol Analysis and Prediction System (NAAPS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, A. L.; Richardson, K.; Westphal, D. L.

    2002-12-01

    Presently, the Navy Aerosol Analysis and Prediction System (NAAPS) uses the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) land use characteristic dataset to determine global dust emission areas. The USGS dataset was developed from Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer 1-km data from April 1992 to March 1993. In the past decade drastic changes in land and water use in Asia and Southwest Asia have quickly outdated this dataset. In China and Mongolia, age-old practices of farming and animal husbandry have been abandoned. Herders have too many animals in one location allowing the grassland to be eaten away and leaving vast areas of topsoil exposed and primed for removal by the wind. In the case of Southwest Asia, a four-year drought is in progress. Many of the wetlands and marshes in the river deltas are drying up from the lack of water runoff. To compound the problem several new dams were and are being built along the major watersheds. In particular, Iraq's dam building in the 1990's and politically driven draining of the Mesopotamian marshes between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers has lead to the near disappearance of this historical marshland. To incorporate these changes we are updating the USGS land use characteristic dataset using GIS-like software named ENVI (Environment for Visualizing Images), 1 km National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) global topographical data, satellite imagery, and recently released governmental maps and reports. (For example, within the last two years the Chinese and Mongolian governments have released land degradation and desertification maps to satisfy the requirements set forth by United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.) The steps taken to create the new land use characteristic database will be described in detail. Before (non-dust producing areas) and after (dust producing areas) examples will be shown.

  12. Structure and properties of GMA surfaced armour plates

    OpenAIRE

    A. Klimpel; K. Luksa; M. Burda

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: In the combat vehicles many materials can be used for the armour. Application of the monolithic armour plates in light combat vehicles is limited by the high armour weigh. Introduction of the layered armour plates is a way to limit the vehicle weight. In the paper test results of graded and nanostructural GMA surfaced armour plates are presented.Design/methodology/approach: Metallographic structure, chemical composition and hardness of surfaced layers were investigated in order to ex...

  13. An Analysis Of Personalized Learning Systems For Navy Training And Education Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    projectlearning.org/ blog /wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Influences-on- Student- Learning -John-Hattie.pdf Hays, R. (2006). The science of learning : A systems theory... LEARNING SYSTEMS FOR NAVY TRAINING AND EDUCATION SETTINGS by Nathaniel J. Robbins December 2016 Thesis Advisor: Jesse Cunha Co-Advisor: Marigee...DATES COVERED Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE AN ANALYSIS OF PERSONALIZED LEARNING SYSTEMS FOR NAVY TRAINING AND EDUCATION SETTINGS 5. FUNDING

  14. An analysis of the propensity for nontraditonal occupations among civilian and Navy women

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Marshall B.

    1993-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This thesis explores women's propensity to select nontraditional occupations. Specifically, it analyzes the desired occupations of a sample of civilians of enlistment age and a sample of Navy enlistees. Data taken from the Navy's 1991 New Recruit Survey and the 1979/1982 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth are analyzed to determine differences in propensity between young civilian women and female enlistees. Differences in occupation...

  15. A Navy User’s Guide for Quality Assurance of New Concrete Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    greater impermeability , they are also more prone to excessive cracking. This can also be true for some concrete mixtures containing large amounts...TECHNICAL REPORT TR-NAVFAC ESC-CI-1215 A NAVY USER’S GUIDE FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE OF NEW CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION...AND SUBTITLE A Navy User’s Guide for Quality Assurance of New Concrete Construction 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER

  16. Navy Fuel Composition and Screening Tool (FCAST) v2.8

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-10

    alternative fuels are often major impediments to certification of these fuels as Fit-For- Purpose (FFP) for the U.S. Navy. A method whereby a candidate...1900 Elkin Street, Suite 230, Alexandria, VA 22308 Navy mobility fuels Fit-for-Purpose Certification Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry GC-MS...time; 6) f-ratio selector; 7) Feature selected TIC for class A and 8) Feature selected TIC for class B. 8. FCAST ANOVA screen alignment window. 9

  17. An evaluation of the Navy Resale System's operating and financial statements

    OpenAIRE

    Barnett, Michael Stephen

    1984-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution unlimited This thesis contains an evaluation of the Navy Resale System financial and operating statements used to manage the sales activities from the headquarters, region, main, and branch levels. Navy Resale System (NRS) statements are compared to the National Retail Merchants Association's (NRMA) statements presented in the Retail Accounting Manual and to statements provided by major retailers. From the results of the evalua...

  18. The state of the art of budgetary financial reporting in the Navy

    OpenAIRE

    Stephens, Phillip C.

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate current budgetary financial reporting practices in the Navy, and provide a comprehensive overview of budgetary reporting in that department. This thesis reviewed and discussed appropriation life cycles, along with the organizations, accounting systems and reports involved in Navy budgetary financial reporting. Each appropriation enacted and allotted down the financial chain of command is accounted for through budgetary financial reporting. The org...

  19. Comparison of Shear Shredder with Hammermill for Size Reduction of Navy Solid Waste

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-01

    shredder . Thus, the shear shredder required longer periods to repair its breakdowns , but ran for longer periods without requiring maintenance. MTTR...Command "--. COMPARISON OF SHEAR - SHREDDER WITH HAMMERMILL - ,FOR SIZE REDUCTION OF NAVY SOLID WASTE 0 ABSTRACT The performances of a rotary sheer... shredder and a vertical shaft hammermill in reducina domestie and Navy solid wastes were com- pared over n 8-month-period. The shear shredder processed

  20. Development and Implementation of Universal Cloud/Radiation Parameterizations in Navy Operational Forecast Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    www.eas.purdue.edu/research/clew/index.html LONG-TERM GOALS Improve the simulation of atmospheric radiation energy fields in Navy operational weather...parameters to RRTMG whereas Figures 5 through 12 show the output shortwave and longwave radiation fluxes and cooling rates. Results are identical to... Radiation Parameterizations in Navy Operational Forecast Models Harshvardhan Dept. of Earth, Atmospheric & Planetary Sciences Purdue University West

  1. An Analysis of the Role of Service Specific Risk Factors in Active Duty Navy Suicides

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    risk among teenagers and older adults); furthermore, the age bracket results coincide with the crude suicide numbers in the dataset (the 17–19 age...ROLE OF SERVICE–SPECIFIC RISK FACTORS IN ACTIVE DUTY NAVY SUICIDES by James D. Golliday March 2014 Thesis Co-Advisors: Yu-Chu Shen...COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE AN ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF SERVICE–SPECIFIC RISK FACTORS IN ACTIVE DUTY NAVY SUICIDES 5. FUNDING

  2. Effects of dietary cooked navy bean on the fecal microbiome of healthy companion dogs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine R Kerr

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Cooked bean powders are a promising novel protein and fiber source for dogs, which have demonstrated potential to alter microbial composition and function for chronic disease control and prevention. This study aimed to determine the impact of cooked navy bean powder fed as a staple food ingredient on the fecal microbiome of healthy adult pet dogs. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Fecal samples from healthy dogs prior to dietary control and after 4 wk of dietary treatment with macro- and micronutrient matched diets containing either 0 or 25% cooked navy beans (n = 11 and n = 10, respectively were analyzed by 454-pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. There were few differences between dogs fed the control and navy bean diets after 4 wk of treatment. These data indicate that there were no major effects of navy bean inclusion on microbial populations. However, significant differences due to dietary intervention onto both research diets were observed (i.e., microbial populations at baseline versus 4 wk of intervention with 0 or 25% navy bean diets. After 4 wk of dietary intervention on either control or navy bean diet, the Phylum Firmicutes was increased and the Phyla Actinobacteria and Fusobacteria were decreased compared to baseline. CONCLUSIONS: No negative alterations of microbial populations occurred following cooked navy bean intake in dogs, indicating that bean powders may be a viable protein and fiber source for commercial pet foods. The highly variable microbial populations observed in these healthy adult pet dogs at baseline is one potential reason for the difficulty to detect alterations in microbial populations following dietary changes. Given the potential physiological benefits of bean intake in humans and dogs, further evaluation of the impacts of cooked navy bean intake on fecal microbial populations with higher power or more sensitive methods are warranted.

  3. Navy Reporting of Financing Payments for Shipbuilding on the Financial Statements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-26

    Navy Reporting of Financing Payments for Shipbuilding on the Financial Statements Report No. D-2009-065 March 26, 2009 Report ...Financing Payments for Shipbuilding on the Financial Statements ( Report No. 0-2009-065) We are providing this final report for review and comment. The...Secretary of the Navy ( Financial Management and Comptroller) did not provide comments on the draft report ; however, we considered comments from the

  4. Evaluation of Post-Trial Reviews of Courts-Martial within the Department of the Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-10

    challenges and respond timely to the many headquarters and field support requests. The Navy and Marine Corps continue struggling to overcome technology and...committee recognizes that a series of Navy Judge Advocates General have attempted to overcome the systemic challenges associated with preparing...professional shortcoming is more widely resented than procrastination . A client’s interests often can be adversely affected by the passage of time or

  5. Navy Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution: A Reference Guide for Senior Leaders, Managers, and Action Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Secretariat , including the Sec- retary of the Navy (who owns the department POM) and his or her deputy; the Assis- tant Secretary for Research, Development, and...Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution processes, particularly the Navy’s process. We have taken their com- ments to heart , and the document is...requirements, programming, and acquisition. Acquisition has been the responsibility of the Navy Secretariat ,2 through the SYSCOMs, PEOs, program offices

  6. The role of the Navy comptroller in managing the OMB Circular A-76 process

    OpenAIRE

    Lindell, Frank A.

    1992-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This thesis examines the role of the Navy field activity comptroller in the acquisition and contracting process under OMB Circular A-76. It contains practical ideas, concepts and comments regarding acquisition and contracting under OMB Circular A-76 to experienced field comptrollers. This thesis is structured toward the newly reported comptroller who has had little, if any, experience in the Navy financial management arena. This the...

  7. Effects of dietary cooked navy bean on the fecal microbiome of healthy companion dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, Katherine R; Forster, Genevieve; Dowd, Scot E; Ryan, Elizabeth P; Swanson, Kelly S

    2013-01-01

    Cooked bean powders are a promising novel protein and fiber source for dogs, which have demonstrated potential to alter microbial composition and function for chronic disease control and prevention. This study aimed to determine the impact of cooked navy bean powder fed as a staple food ingredient on the fecal microbiome of healthy adult pet dogs. Fecal samples from healthy dogs prior to dietary control and after 4 wk of dietary treatment with macro- and micronutrient matched diets containing either 0 or 25% cooked navy beans (n = 11 and n = 10, respectively) were analyzed by 454-pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. There were few differences between dogs fed the control and navy bean diets after 4 wk of treatment. These data indicate that there were no major effects of navy bean inclusion on microbial populations. However, significant differences due to dietary intervention onto both research diets were observed (i.e., microbial populations at baseline versus 4 wk of intervention with 0 or 25% navy bean diets). After 4 wk of dietary intervention on either control or navy bean diet, the Phylum Firmicutes was increased and the Phyla Actinobacteria and Fusobacteria were decreased compared to baseline. No negative alterations of microbial populations occurred following cooked navy bean intake in dogs, indicating that bean powders may be a viable protein and fiber source for commercial pet foods. The highly variable microbial populations observed in these healthy adult pet dogs at baseline is one potential reason for the difficulty to detect alterations in microbial populations following dietary changes. Given the potential physiological benefits of bean intake in humans and dogs, further evaluation of the impacts of cooked navy bean intake on fecal microbial populations with higher power or more sensitive methods are warranted.

  8. Navy Seals Gone Wild: Publicity, Fame, and the Loss of the Quiet Professional

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited NAVY SEALS GONE...TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE NAVY SEALS GONE WILD: PUBLICITY, FAME, AND THE LOSS OF THE QUIET PROFESSIONAL 5...the ensuing fame, helped set the conditions for the emergence of a SEAL counterculture characterized by an increasingly commodified and public persona

  9. Analysis of civilian labor costs within the department of the navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    CIVILIAN LABOR COSTS WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY by Paul A. Llano June 2017 Thesis Advisor: Robert Eger III Co-Advisor: Eddine Dahel...COVERED Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE ANALYSIS OF CIVILIAN LABOR COSTS WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S...DISTRIBUTION CODE 13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words) Civilian labor costs rose 2.2 percent in the 12-month period ending in December 2016

  10. Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-21

    and causing thermal damage to their interiors. Lasers can also be used to “ dazzle ” (i.e., interfere with) electro-optical sensors on a boat or...Navy Lasers , Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress Ronald O’Rourke Specialist in Naval Affairs October...21, 2016 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov R44175 Navy Lasers , Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for

  11. Drone Defense System Architecture for U.S. Navy Strategic Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-01

    unlimited. DRONE DEFENSE SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE FOR U.S. NAVY STRATEGIC FACILITIES by David Arteche, Kenneth Chivers, Bryce Howard, Terrell Long, Walter...project report 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE DRONE DEFENSE SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE FOR U.S. NAVY STRATEGIC FACILITIES 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) David Arteche...evaluation and weapons assignment (TEWA) to properly address threats. This report follows a systems engineering process to develop a software architecture

  12. Reshaping US Navy Pacific response in mitigating disaster risk in South Pacific Island nations: adopting community-based disaster cycle management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reaves, Erik J; Termini, Michael; Burkle, Frederick M

    2014-02-01

    The US Department of Defense continues to deploy military assets for disaster relief and humanitarian actions around the world. These missions, carried out through geographically located Combatant Commands, represent an evolving role the US military is taking in health diplomacy, designed to enhance disaster preparedness and response capability. Oceania is a unique case, with most island nations experiencing "acute-on-chronic" environmental stresses defined by acute disaster events on top of the consequences of climate change. In all Pacific Island nation-states and territories, the symptoms of this process are seen in both short- and long-term health concerns and a deteriorating public health infrastructure. These factors tend to build on each other. To date, the US military's response to Oceania primarily has been to provide short-term humanitarian projects as part of Pacific Command humanitarian civic assistance missions, such as the annual Pacific Partnership, without necessarily improving local capacity or leaving behind relevant risk-reduction strategies. This report describes the assessment and implications on public health of large-scale humanitarian missions conducted by the US Navy in Oceania. Future opportunities will require the Department of Defense and its Combatant Commands to show meaningful strategies to implement ongoing, long-term, humanitarian activities that will build sustainable, host nation health system capacity and partnerships. This report recommends a community-centric approach that would better assist island nations in reducing disaster risk throughout the traditional disaster management cycle and defines a potential and crucial role of Department of Defense's assets and resources to be a more meaningful partner in disaster risk reduction and community capacity building.

  13. Experiments in Error Propagation within Hierarchal Combat Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    analysis confirms that there is a weak statistical difference between the R5FF and NOLH data sets. Figure 13. Statistical comparison of average Blue...addition, some may claim that the use of 10 sample indices is too weak statistically, so an additional experiment is conducted using 50 column...Uniform Automata Vector) Supplementary Manual. Auckland , N.Z.: Defense Technology Agency. Osborn, Kris. 2014. Navy Considers Future After Virginia

  14. Registry of emergency airways arriving at combat hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Bruce D; Cuniowski, Peter A; Muck, Andrew; De Lorenzo, Robert A

    2008-06-01

    Prehospital Emergency Medical Services have demonstrated variable success with regards to prehospital airway management in U.S. civilian settings. We attempted to identify the incidence of successful prehospital endotracheal intubations in the modern combat environment. This was a prospective, observational study. Data collection occurred at Combat Support Hospitals (CSH) within Operation Iraqi Freedom locations between January 2005 and March 2007. Military trauma physicians systematically examined casualties presenting to the CSH that received advanced prehospital airway management. Correct endotracheal tube (ETT) positioning was verified using an explicit combination of clinical findings and colorimetric end-tidal carbon dioxide detection. The primary outcome was correct placement of the ETTs by combat prehospital providers. A total of 6,875 combat casualties presented to participating CSHs during the study period, of which there were 293 (4.2%) advanced prehospital airways, of which 282 (97.3%) were trauma patients. Prehospital airway management included: 253 endotracheal intubations (86.6%); 23 supraglottic airways (7.5%), and 17 cricothyrotomies (5.8%). Of the ETTs, upon arrival to the CSH, 242 (95.7%) were determined to be correctly placed. There were 11 incorrectly placed ETTs: 10 were in the right mainstem bronchus, and 1 was found to be dislodged in the hypopharynx. There were no unrecognized battlefield esophageal intubations. Under combat conditions, the overall rate of correctly placed ETTs performed by military prehospital providers was comparable with that of published U.S. civilian paramedic data.

  15. Connection of boxers’ combat styles with psycho-physiological characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.V. Korobeynikov

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: By dominating physical characteristics boxers’ combat styles are divided into “strongmen”, “paced in hold” and “players”. However, connection of combat style with psycho-physiological characteristics of elite boxers has been remained not determined. Material: in the research 28 elite sportsmen (master of sports and international masters of sports participated. Psycho-physiological characteristics were studied with the help of hardware and software psycho-diagnostic complex “Multi-psycho-meter 05”. Results: it was found that attacking combat style is accompanied by presence of high workability, reduced tiredness and anxiety, presence of psychological comfort. It was also found that defensive combat style is characterized by better quickness and processing of information. It happens at the account of worsening of qualitative characteristics: efficiency and effectiveness. We also detected presence of more rigid organization of psycho-physiological status of boxers, having attacking combat style (strongmen in comparison with boxers of defensive style (players and paced in hold.

  16. Artificial immune system approach for air combat maneuvering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneshige, John; Krishnakumar, Kalmanje

    2007-04-01

    Since future air combat missions will involve both manned and unmanned aircraft, the primary motivation for this research is to enable unmanned aircraft with intelligent maneuvering capabilities. During air combat maneuvering, pilots use their knowledge and experience of maneuvering strategies and tactics to determine the best course of action. As a result, we try to capture these aspects using an artificial immune system approach. The biological immune system protects the body against intruders by recognizing and destroying harmful cells or molecules. It can be thought of as a robust adaptive system that is capable of dealing with an enormous variety of disturbances and uncertainties. However, another critical aspect of the immune system is that it can remember how previous encounters were successfully defeated. As a result, it can respond faster to similar encounters in the future. This paper describes how an artificial immune system is used to select and construct air combat maneuvers. These maneuvers are composed of autopilot mode and target commands, which represent the low-level building blocks of the parameterized system. The resulting command sequences are sent to a tactical autopilot system, which has been enhanced with additional modes and an aggressiveness factor for enabling high performance maneuvers. Just as vaccinations train the biological immune system how to combat intruders, training sets are used to teach the maneuvering system how to respond to different enemy aircraft situations. Simulation results are presented, which demonstrate the potential of using immunized maneuver selection for the purposes of air combat maneuvering.

  17. A Report on Policies and Practices of the U.S. Navy for Naming the Vessels of the Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    Boatswain’s  Mate   (Master Diver) Carl M. Brashear, a trailblazer of a different sort. Master Chief  Brashear joined the Navy soon after it was desegregated...the USS Lapwing, for the bird of the same name, “an abundant  crested plover (Vanellus vanellus) of Europe, Asia, and  northern  Africa, noted for its...exception. This is not true. The  naming announcement for Black Hawk included USS Falcon (MHC 59), and USS  Cardinal  (MHC 60), and states unequivocally that

  18. Purification the surface of detail from biological contaminations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gabdrakhmanov, Az T; Israphilov, I H; Galiakbarov, A T; Gabdrakhmanov, Al T

    2017-01-01

    More than 70% of biodegradation occur due to the corrosion processes. A biological corrosion causes the greatest damage to the oil and gas-production industry, the Navy and pipelines, constructions of water supply, means of communication. This paper proposes an effective method of purification various surfaces from biological contaminations by using of cold plasma. (paper)

  19. A change in the Navy's drug testing policy: how will it affect costs and the probability of detecting drug users?

    OpenAIRE

    Jones, John R.

    1995-01-01

    This thesis analyzes changes in the Navy's drug testing policy as they relate to costs and the probability of detecting a gaming or non-gaming drug user. Additionally, this thesis considers actual command level testing policies showing how a policy change would affect the commands' probability of detecting a drug user. The Navy's zero tolerance policy for drug use has significantly reduced drug use within the Navy. This zero tolerance policy is primarily enforced with the drug testing prog...

  20. Open Architecture in Naval Combat System Computing of the 21st Century: Network-Centric Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-06-01

    also take advantage of other Navy, as well as other-service, open architecture initiatives. In addition to HiPer -D, several Navy Department programs...February 2003, pp. 42-46, at 43. 5Michael W. Masters, Chief Scientist, Advanced Computing Programs, NSWCDD, “ HiPer -D Open Architecture: Advanced

  1. Web-Enabled Doctrine: The Evolution of a Dynamic Doctrine Development Process in the U.S. Navy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fauth, Joseph

    2001-01-01

    .... The Navy Warfare Development Command (NWDC) in Newport, RI, recently has implemented information technology tools in the doctrine development process, creating the concept of Web-Enabled Doctrine...

  2. Stakeholder Analysis of Integrating Women Into Ground Combat Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    the Jewish concept of motherhood and the status of women in the home (Culler, 2000). As the brief discussion above illustrates, throughout much of...7‐Mar‐13 Seven  Myths   about “Women in  Combat” LtGen (Ret) G.S.  New Bold Michael Yon  Online  Magazine Con “It’s about  women in  Combat,” “It’s...just fair” Debunks “7  myths ” around topic of  women in combat.  23‐Jan‐13 Pentagon  Removes Ban on  Women in  Combat Ernesto  Londoño The

  3. FELIN: tailored optronics and systems solutions for dismounted combat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milcent, A. M.

    2009-05-01

    The FELIN French modernization program for dismounted combat provides the Armies with info-centric systems which dramatically enhance the performances of the soldier and the platoon. Sagem now has available a portfolio of various equipments, providing C4I, data and voice digital communication, and enhanced vision for day and night operations, through compact high performance electro-optics. The FELIN system provides the infantryman with a high-tech integrated and modular system which increases significantly their detection, recognition, identification capabilities, their situation awareness and information sharing, and this in any dismounted close combat situation. Among the key technologies used in this system, infrared and intensified vision provide a significant improvement in capability, observation performance and protection of the ground soldiers. This paper presents in detail the developed equipments, with an emphasis on lessons learned from the technical and operational feedback from dismounted close combat field tests.

  4. [International cooperation in combatting illicit drugs in Mozambique].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buvana, Flávia; Ventura, Carla Aparecida Arena

    2011-06-01

    Countries from Southern Africa have formed a Development Community (SADC) to stimulate common actions in several areas, among them illicit drugs combat. In this context, the goal of this qualitative study was to identify information and perception about the cooperation set up between Mozambique and other SADC members in combatting illicit drugs. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with public employees developing actions directed at the implementation of the Protocol to Combat Drugs in SADC. After transcriptions, the interviews were analyzed by content analysis and resulted in the categories: "Mozambique as a drugs corridor", "Cooperation Initiatives on Drugs among African countries", "Cooperation Difficulties in Africa", "Problems in Protocol Implementation" and "Difficulties to implement a control policy". As a consequence, there is a need to review and update the policies and strategies in the drugs area, as they are not contextualized in the country's current reality.

  5. Combinational pivotal decomposition method for assessing truss system combat survivability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hsing-Juin

    1992-06-01

    The system combat survivability is an essential issue in the design analysis phase for military aircraft and other war machines. After endurance of a session of gunfire bombardment, two dimensional, multiple-story and statically indeterminate truss structures may have millions of possible damage modes. The identification and pass/fail judgment of this gigantic number of modes present an insurmountable analysis workload. In order to solve this dilemma, an ingenious combinational pivotal decomposition method is developed to establish a systematic and efficient way for evaluating the system combat survivability of these types of structures. Several examples are utilized to illustrate the failure criteria, combinational pivotal concepts, damage modes, and analysis procedure.

  6. Maturity In The Petrochemical Industry Features, Motives And Combating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farag, H.; El Messirie, A.

    2004-01-01

    Petrochemicals give the highest value from crude oil and natural gas but suffers from maturity like any other business. Petrochemicals companies are promoting their business in the direction from oil and gas commodities. Specialities and life science. Reasons of maturity are expired patents, low demand, over capacity, intense competition. Actions to combat maturity are to restructure capacity achieving mega sizes, do downstream, and restructuring business practices. Strategies followed by some companies to combat maturity include exit, focus on core business and exploit a competitive advantage

  7. Adaptive Disclosure: A Combat-Specific PTSD Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    Award Number: W81XWH-10-1-0810 TITLE: “Adaptive Disclosure: A Combat-Specific PTSD Treatment ” PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Brett Litz, Ph.D...Disclosure: A Combat-Specific PTSD Treatment ” 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER W81XWH-10-1-0810 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...South Huntington Avenue Boston, MA 02130 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) U.S. Army

  8. Initiation to combat sports: explanation of the structure of the ludic combative phenomenon, by Bruno Avelar & Abel Figueiredo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Avelar

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The present essay, with theoretic nature, assumes as an object of study the exhibition of the fundamental guidelines, on a didactic model, of the initiation to combat sports. For that, the contributions of several different authors were analyzed, who, from different points of view, consider that the initiation to combat sports does not imply a specific knowledge on any of the subjects that compose them, but their integrated and cross-curricular treatment. These alternative conceptions decreases the importance of the specific technical models, through the strengthening of the common elements of the combat sports, highlighting what is usually called “fighting knowledge”; that is, the capacity that allows the fighter to find solutions for the different situations that take place during a fight.

  9. An Exploratory Analysis on the Effects of Human Factors on Combat Outcomes

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ching, Wan

    2002-01-01

    .... Modern combat systems are increasingly more effective yet more complex to operate. Nonetheless, their complexities cannot be compared to human behaviors which remain the most important factor in combat...

  10. Uninhabited Combat Aerial Vehicles: Airpower by the People, For the People, But Not With the People

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Clark, Richard

    2000-01-01

    .... Clark's Uninhabited Combat Aerial Vehicles: Airpower by the People, For the People, But Not With the People, draws on that long history to gauge what the future may hold for uninhabited combat aerial vehicles (UCAV). The United States (US...

  11. Defense Acquisitions: 2009 Review of Future Combat System Is Critical to Program's Direction

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Francis, Paul L

    2008-01-01

    The Future Combat System (FCS) program which comprises 14 integrated weapon systems and an advanced information network is the centerpiece of the Army's effort to transition to a lighter, more agile, and more capable combat force...

  12. CONCEPTUALISATION ONTOLOGIQUE DE LA REPRÉSENTATION DU COMBAT CONCEPTUALISATION ONTOLOGIQUE DE LA REPRÉSENTATION DU COMBAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Rheault

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available En adoptant une perspective existentielle, on peut tenter d'expliquer la représentation du combat au moyen de concepts comme les positions de SOI et de L'AUTRE ainsi que les statuts de l'ÊTRE et de la CHOSE, qui, une fois combinés, définissent des domaines ontologiques. Le combat devient alors, conceptuellement, l'action de forcer une conscience à passer d'un domaine à un autre. On observe qu'en modifiant l'intensité des positions (polarisation, des statuts (hiérarchisation et des actions (dosage, on peut expliquer les variations possibles des représentations du combat. Il restera à valider la pertinence de ces concepts en multipliant les analyses.En adoptant une perspective existentielle, on peut tenter d'expliquer la représentation du combat au moyen de concepts comme les positions de SOI et de L'AUTRE ainsi que les statuts de l'ÊTRE et de la CHOSE, qui, une fois combinés, définissent des domaines ontologiques. Le combat devient alors, conceptuellement, l'action de forcer une conscience à passer d'un domaine à un autre. On observe qu'en modifiant l'intensité des positions (polarisation, des statuts (hiérarchisation et des actions (dosage, on peut expliquer les variations possibles des représentations du combat. Il restera à valider la pertinence de ces concepts en multipliant les analyses.

  13. 76 FR 6699 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: U.S. Navy Training in the Hawaii Range Complex; U.S. Navy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    .... 110121052-1045-02] RIN 0648-BA67 Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: U.S. Navy Training in the Hawaii Range... anonymous). Attachments to electronic comments will be accepted in Microsoft Word, Excel, WordPerfect, or... inapplicable. List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 216 Exports, Fish, Imports, Incidental take, Indians, Labeling...

  14. Department of the Navy FY 1992/FY 1993 Budget Estimates Descriptive Summaries Submitted to Congress February 1991, Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Navy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-02-01

    RDT&E. NAVY DESCRIPTIVE SU MOARY PROGRAM ELEIENTt 0206313M BUDGET ACTIVITY: 4 PROGRAM ELEZINT TITLE: Marine Corps Telecomunications (Operational...IANC) includes: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil , Chile, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela and the United States. J. (U) TEST AND

  15. Transitioning from Combat to College: The Impact of Risk and Resilience Factors on Student Veterans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Sharon L.

    2012-01-01

    Thousands of combat veterans have transitioned to college since the passing of the Post-9/11 GI Bill in 2008. The transition from combat to college is a challenge for veterans, as the demands and structure of college differ so greatly from military life. Additionally, exposure to combat often has long lasting psychological repercussions on…

  16. Adolescent Children of Vietnam Combat Veteran Fathers: A Population at Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dansby, Virginia S.; Marinelli, Robert P.

    1999-01-01

    A comparison of adolescent children of Vietnam combat veterans with non-combat veterans found the majority of outcomes were not significantly different. However, children of combat veterans showed poorer attitudes towards school; more negative attitudes towards their father; experienced more depression, tension, apprehension, and anxiety; and…

  17. Rating of Perceived Exertion for Quantification of Training and Combat Loads During Combat Sport-Specific Activities: A Short Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slimani, Maamer; Davis, Philip; Franchini, Emerson; Moalla, Wassim

    2017-10-01

    The aim of this short review was to summarize data pertaining to the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) methods (RPE value and session-RPE) during combat sport-specific activities (i.e., competition and training) based on many factors, including contest type (i.e., official vs. simulated vs. training), combat rounds, age of participants and muscle groups, and their correlation with physiological variables (i.e., blood lactate concentration [La] and heart rate [HR]). The current review shows higher RPE in a match of mixed martial arts (MMAs) than Brazilian jiu-jitsu and kickboxing matches and during the competitive period compared with the precompetitive period. This could be explained by the longer duration of bouts, the higher percentage contribution of aerobic metabolism in MMA than other combat sports and contest type differences (simulated vs. official matches). Thus, this review found significant correlations between RPE or session-RPE, [La] and HR. Particularly, there was a stronger correlation between RPE and [La] during official striking (r = 0.81) than grappling combat sports matches (r = 0.53). In addition, a variation of correlation (moderate to large) between session-RPE and HR-based methods has been reported (i.e., Edwards' training load [r ranged between 0.58 and 0.95] and Banister training impulse [r ranged between 0.52 and 0.86]). Specifically, stronger correlation was apparent in combat sport competition that required a much higher percentage contribution of aerobic metabolism (e.g., karate) and in adult athletes than anaerobic-based combat sports (e.g., taekwondo) and young athletes, respectively. Indeed, the current review highlights that the correlations between session-RPE and HR-based methods were higher during official competition than training sessions. Session-RPE was affected by participants' competitive level, the intensity of session (high vs. low), the training modalities (tactical-technical vs. technical-development vs. simulated

  18. Prescription drug monitoring programs: Combating prescription drug misuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gudoski, Anthony J

    2015-11-15

    To help combat prescription drug misuse, most states have implemented Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs)-electronic databases that collect and track prescription data and flag suspected diversion activities. Equipped with expanding prescriptive authority, NPs are now poised to become vital change agents in expanding the potential effectiveness of PDMPs.

  19. Comparative Analysis of Combat Attitudes of Air Force Administrative Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-04-01

    societies, mass armies which no longer fouqht in the trenches, and the beginning of guerrilla warfare. Finally. the emergin- theories and concepts of...The changing world of the American military (pp. 15-35). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Jacobowitz, D. W. (1977). Alienation, anomie , and combat

  20. How to combat infectious diseases: The role of Science Academies

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    How to combat infectious diseases: The role of Science Academies · Academy Public Lecture and INSA–Leopoldina Lecture by Prof. Jörg Hacker, President, German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. 4 December, 2017, 4 PM Faculty Hall, Indian Institute ...