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Sample records for sur yvette france

  1. Histoire d'une cité scientifique le campus du CNRS à Gif-sur-Yvette (1946-2016)

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    L'histoire du campus de Gif-sur-Yvette, cité scientifique de renommée internationale, commence en 1946, à l'heure de la reconstruction de la recherche française, ajuste après le deuxième conflit mondial. L'histoire du campus de Gif-sur-Yvette, cité scientifique de renommée internationale, commence en 1946, à l'heure de la reconstruction de la recherche française, ajuste après le deuxième conflit mondial. À cette époque, l'on cherche à favoriser l'émergence d'études nouvelles, à soutenir les travaux fondamentaux sans s'interdire de réfléchir à leurs applications, ou encore à stimuler l'interdisciplinarité. L'acquisition du domaine par le CNRS reflète alors l'ambition de son directeur, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, de refonder la Recherche scientifique et de restaurer son rayonnement. Depuis, le campus de Gif-sur-Yvette a connu une formidable aventure, aussi bien humaine que scientifique. Pionnier dans de nombreux domaines, en biologie, en chimie mais aussi en sciences du climat et de l'env...

  2. Estimation of the collective sanitary impact of the land contamination by the radioactivity found at Gif sur Yvette; Estimation de l'impact sanitaire collectif de la contamination des terrains par la radioactivite presente a Gif sur Yvette

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-06-01

    The company 'Societe Nouvelle du Radium' extracted radium and produced radium needles in Gif-sur-Yvette (Essonne) from 1904 to 1957. In 1959, this site was converted into a habitable zone. Since then, this district called the 'Petite Coudraie' has been going through several radioactivity measurements and decontamination works. In 2000, the detection of very high levels of radon above sanitary recommendations in one house encouraged the local authorities to launch a systematic investigation and risk analysis in order to take the necessary measures against radiological risks for the whole concerned district. The 'Direction Departementale des Affaires Sanitaires et Sociales' (D.D.A.S.S.), the French Institute of Public Health (InVS) and the Institute of Nuclear Protection and Security (I.P.S.N.) conducted a health impact assessment of the pollution in this area. The Office for the Protection against Ionizing Radiations (O.P.R.I.) and the I.P.S.N. first measured the radioactivity found on the surface area. The I.P.S.N. then conducted a dosimetric study based on the measurement results and realistic exposure scenarios of adults and children present in the area. Finally, on the base of these results, the InVs did a quantitative risk assessment of cancer due to exposure to the radioactive residuals from the past industrial activities which is the subject of this report. This assessment allows to estimate the extent of this potential health impact due to the contamination of the area with the current scientific knowledge. It assesses the contribution of the various sources ways of exposure to risk and therefore directs the measures of management priority. Finally, it also allows to appreciate the relevance of an epidemiological study on the population who was present in this area. (author)

  3. lAhoratoire Arago, Banyuls-sur-mer, France

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    LOUIS-PHILIPPE KNOEPPPLER. lAhoratoire Arago, Banyuls-sur-mer, France. ABSTRACT. In Gaboon, the frog Aub,iD subsigillata. at least at certain periods of the ~,eats fishes of the genus. Epiplatys. The fish are caught when they jump out ofthc water to escape their aquatic predators, or to look for different surroundings.

  4. International Conference on Photochemistry (15th) Abstracts of Invited Lectures and Oral and Poster Contributions Held in Paris, France on 28 July-2 August 1991 (XVeme Conference Internationale de Photochimie, Paris, France 28 Juillet-2 Aout 1991)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-08-01

    Atomes at Moliculos 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, FRANCE. Do nouveaux rdsultats sur Is microsolvatation do Ia moldcule do benzine (Bz) par do atomos do gaz...une large branche Q non-atructurde at dos branches R at P de foible intmnsitd. Lo moddle des potentiels atomo -atoma suggiro una symitrie C, pour...forme’ tr~s probablamant via l’dlimination successi%.: de dcux atomoes d’laydrogaaa avcc isomdrisation concurrcntc du radical pentadi~nyle: vers In

  5. Argumentations sur les énergies renouvelables en France et au Japon

    OpenAIRE

    Sarale, Jean-Marc

    2015-01-01

    Ce travail se veut une tentative d’argumentation comparée, au sens de Plantin 2005, portant sur la relation, par la presse écrite, de débats relatifs à l’implantation d’éoliennes. Après de brèves considérations sur les objectifs et la méthodologie d’une telle argumentation comparée, il présente deux projets de développement éolien, l’un en France, l’autre au Japon, qui ont donné lieu, dans chacun des deux pays, à des controverses nourries, s’étendant sur plusieurs années. Puis il expose la co...

  6. Pouvoir et sexualité. Le discours féministe sur la prostitution en France (1968-1986.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damien Simonin

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Cette recherche porte sur les discours sur la prostitution dans la presse féministe, entre 1968 et 1986 en France. Durant cette période, le mouvement féministe est composé de courants conflictuels (courants réformistes et révolutionnaires, différentialistes et universalistes et il porte des discours hétérogènes (informations sur la prostitution, analyses théoriques et politiques, témoignages de prostituées. Pourtant, ces discours s'accordent sur la revendication d'une libération des rapport...

  7. Oradour-sur-Glane: On the emergence of a glocal site of memory in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Léger, Eva

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Oradour-sur-Glane (France is the memorial site of a massacre perpetrated by the Second SS Panzer Division Das Reich on June 10th, 1944. It preserves the memory of the 642 people slaughtered there, including 18 Spanish refugees. In 1945, the French State, led by General de Gaulle, decided to preserve the ruins of Oradour-sur- Glane. Since then, a series of commemorative processes have ensued at the site, corresponding to different temporalities. Over time, this site of national memory has been linked both with European memory discourse and with the private memory of exiled Spaniards and, consequently, with the memory of the Spanish Civil War and Francoism. In this article, I analyze the different appropriations and interpretations of the site, focusing in particular on the memory of the exiles. To do so, I will look into the initiatives undertaken between 2008 and 2014, considering both the institutions and the associations related to Oradour-sur-Glane.Oradour-sur-Glane (Francia es el lugar de memoria de una masacre perpetrada por la segunda división blindada S.S. Das Reich el 10 de junio de 1944 que conserva el recuerdo de sus 642 supliciados, entre los cuales 18 españoles refugiados. En 1945, el Estado francés encabezado por el General de Gaulle decidió preservar las ruinas de Oradour-sur-Glane. Desde entonces, diferentes procesos conmemorativos, correspondientes a temporalidades destacadas, se han sucedido en el sitio. Con el tiempo, este lugar de memoria nacional, se ha vinculado tanto con un discurso de memoria europeo como con la memoria particular de los españoles exiliados y a través de ello con la memoria de la Guerra Civil española y del franquismo. En este estudio analizaré las diferentes apropiaciones e interpretaciones de este lugar, enfocándome especialmente en la memoria de los exiliados. Para esto, contemplaré las iniciativas que se han desarrollado entre los años 2008 y 2014, atendiendo tanto a las instituciones como a

  8. The reality of Neandertal symbolic behavior at the Grotte du Renne, Arcy-sur-Cure, France.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Caron

    Full Text Available The question of whether symbolically mediated behavior is exclusive to modern humans or shared with anatomically archaic populations such as the Neandertals is hotly debated. At the Grotte du Renne, Arcy-sur-Cure, France, the Châtelperronian levels contain Neandertal remains and large numbers of personal ornaments, decorated bone tools and colorants, but it has been suggested that this association reflects intrusion of the symbolic artifacts from the overlying Protoaurignacian and/or of the Neandertal remains from the underlying Mousterian.We tested these hypotheses against the horizontal and vertical distributions of the various categories of diagnostic finds and statistically assessed the probability that the Châtelperronian levels are of mixed composition. Our results reject that the associations result from large or small scale, localized or generalized post-depositional displacement, and they imply that incomplete sample decontamination is the parsimonious explanation for the stratigraphic anomalies seen in the radiocarbon dating of the sequence.The symbolic artifacts in the Châtelperronian of the Grotte du Renne are indeed Neandertal material culture.

  9. The Reality of Neandertal Symbolic Behavior at the Grotte du Renne, Arcy-sur-Cure, France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caron, François; d'Errico, Francesco; Del Moral, Pierre; Santos, Frédéric; Zilhão, João

    2011-01-01

    Background The question of whether symbolically mediated behavior is exclusive to modern humans or shared with anatomically archaic populations such as the Neandertals is hotly debated. At the Grotte du Renne, Arcy-sur-Cure, France, the Châtelperronian levels contain Neandertal remains and large numbers of personal ornaments, decorated bone tools and colorants, but it has been suggested that this association reflects intrusion of the symbolic artifacts from the overlying Protoaurignacian and/or of the Neandertal remains from the underlying Mousterian. Methodology/Principal Findings We tested these hypotheses against the horizontal and vertical distributions of the various categories of diagnostic finds and statistically assessed the probability that the Châtelperronian levels are of mixed composition. Our results reject that the associations result from large or small scale, localized or generalized post-depositional displacement, and they imply that incomplete sample decontamination is the parsimonious explanation for the stratigraphic anomalies seen in the radiocarbon dating of the sequence. Conclusions/Significance The symbolic artifacts in the Châtelperronian of the Grotte du Renne are indeed Neandertal material culture. PMID:21738702

  10. The reality of Neandertal symbolic behavior at the Grotte du Renne, Arcy-sur-Cure, France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caron, François; d'Errico, Francesco; Del Moral, Pierre; Santos, Frédéric; Zilhão, João

    2011-01-01

    The question of whether symbolically mediated behavior is exclusive to modern humans or shared with anatomically archaic populations such as the Neandertals is hotly debated. At the Grotte du Renne, Arcy-sur-Cure, France, the Châtelperronian levels contain Neandertal remains and large numbers of personal ornaments, decorated bone tools and colorants, but it has been suggested that this association reflects intrusion of the symbolic artifacts from the overlying Protoaurignacian and/or of the Neandertal remains from the underlying Mousterian. We tested these hypotheses against the horizontal and vertical distributions of the various categories of diagnostic finds and statistically assessed the probability that the Châtelperronian levels are of mixed composition. Our results reject that the associations result from large or small scale, localized or generalized post-depositional displacement, and they imply that incomplete sample decontamination is the parsimonious explanation for the stratigraphic anomalies seen in the radiocarbon dating of the sequence. The symbolic artifacts in the Châtelperronian of the Grotte du Renne are indeed Neandertal material culture.

  11. Le virus de l'enroulement des feuilles du cerisier, largement repandu en France sur noyer, est-il a l'origine de l'incompatibilite de greffage du noyer Juglans regia sur Juglans nigra

    OpenAIRE

    Delbos, R.; Bonnet, A.; Dunez, Jean

    1984-01-01

    Sur les 2 millions de noyers exploités en France, la moitié environ est cultivée en verger : 20 p. 100 des arbres du verger français de noyer sont greffés sur Juglans nigra, le reste étant greffé sur J. regia. Des symptômes de nécrose de la zone de greffe sont signalés assez couramment sur les arbres greffés sur J. nigra, surtout depuis quelques années ; ces symptômes sont tout à fait semblables à ceux décrits aux U.S.A. dans le cas d’arbres greffés sur J. hindsii ou « Paradox » (J. hinds...

  12. Alternatives to Detention in France: much ado about law, little about criminology / Mesures alternatives à l’incarcération en France: beaucoup de bruit sur la loi, pour rien ou presque sur la criminologie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herzog-Evans Martine

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Il presente articolo descrive sinteticamente il contesto politico e sociale nel quale sono maturate le discussioni relative alle alternative alla detenzione in Francia. Successivamente, analizza le alternative previste attualmente evidenziandone la ratio giuridica e criminologica ed esprimendone una succinta valutazione. Infine, vengono riportate ulteriori informazioni circa le alternative alla detenzione previste per specifiche categorie di persone. Cet article décrit tout d’abord le contexte politique et social dans lequel il conviendrait d’échanger sur les alternatives à la détention en France. Il analyse ensuite les alternatives existantes en expliquant leur nature et leurs sources juridiques et criminologiques avant de donner une courte évaluation des solutions alternatives à la détention. L’article se termine par un supplément d’informations sur les alternatives à l’incarcération pour certaines catégories de personnes. This article first sketches the political and social context in which the discussions about alternatives to detention in France are to be situated. It then analyses the existing alternatives by explaining their legal and criminological rationale and sources, and goes on providing a short evaluation of the alternatives to detention. It concludes with more information about alternatives to detention for specific categories of persons.

  13. Advances in cardiovascular research. 15th Annual Meeting of the European Council for Cardiovascular Research (ECCR). La Colle sur Loup, France, 8–10 October 2010

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steckelings, U. Muscha; de Mey, Jo G. R.; Pinto-Sietsma, Sara-Joan; Henrion, Daniel; Unger, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    The 15th Annual Meeting of the European Council of Cardiovascular Research brought together basic and clinical scientists working in the cardiovascular field in La Colle sur Loup, France. Upfront basic and clinical research addressing the mechanisms of disease, identification of biomarkers or

  14. Review of the desalinated water market in France for small units; Apercu sur le marche de l'eau dessalee en France pour de petites unites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dutheil, F.; Malissen, M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    On the initiative of and in close collaboration with the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, the Societe pour la Conversion et le Developpement Industriel (SODIC) has carried out a very general study of the coastal regions of France in which the short, medium and long-term prospects of the demand for water, and the cost of the necessary supplies, could possibly make desalination units of 3 000 to 10 000 m3/day competitive. So far this general enquiry, which went into detail on some particular aspects, has not revealed any very clear possibilities in this respect, except in the case of the small islands, and of units of much lower capacity, as well as that of large units on the coast, which would benefit from the size effect. However the probable difference between the cost of desalinated water and the high selling price already applying in a small number of coastal regions is relatively small. It might therefore be worthwhile and relatively inexpensive to install an experimental desalination unit in the near future. (author) [French] A l'initiative du Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et en etroite liaison avec lui, la Societe pour la Conversion et le Developpement Industriel (SODIC) a effectue une etude tres generale des zones cotieres francaises dans lesquelles les perspectives de la demande d'eau a court, moyen et long terme et le cout des approvisionnements necessaires, pourraient eventuellement faire apparaitre comme competitives des unites de dessalement de 3 a 10 000 m{sup 3}/jour. Jusqu'ici, cette enquete generale, d'ailleurs approfondie sur quelques points particuliers, n'a pas fait apparaitre de possibilites tres nettes a cet egard. Le cas des petites iles, et pour des unites de bien plus faible capacite, demeure reserve ainsi que, sur les zones cotieres, celui de grandes unites qui beneficieraient de l'effet de taille. Toutefois, l'ecart probable entre le cout de l'eau dessalee et le prix de vente eleve

  15. Automatic welding on the Hauts-de-France pipeline; Le soudage automatique sur l`artere des Hauts-de-France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thebault, Y.; Bichet, J.; Darderet, Ch. [Gaz de France (GDF), 75 - Paris (France)

    1998-10-01

    The NorFra pipeline to carry Norwegian gas to France was inaugurated officially by France`s Prime Minister Lionel Jospin on October 9, 1998 at Dunkirk, France. Preliminary work on the Hauts-de-France pipeline which connects NorFra with the Paris area was covered in the October 1997 issue of Gaz d`Aujourd`hui. This contribution reviews automatic welding work on this new trunk line. (authors)

  16. France

    OpenAIRE

    Guillaume Daudin

    2005-01-01

    Among European countries, except Russia, France is the largest and had the largest population until the nineteeth century. Despide the temptation of autarky, external trade played an important role in its history,reflecting both the specificities of its economic development and global trends (...).

  17. Some particular aspects of control in nuclear power reactors; Conception de la surete en france et influence des imperatifs de surete sur la conception des reacteurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vathaire, F. de; Vernier, Ph.; Pascouet, A. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-07-01

    This paper reviews the experience acquired in France on the question, of reactor safety. Since a special paper is being presented on reactors of the graphite gas type, the safety of the other types studied in France is discussed here: - heavy water-gas reactors, - fast neutron reactors, - water research reactors of the swimming-pool and tank types. The safety rules peculiar to the different types are explained, with emphasis on their influence on the reactor designs and on the power limits they impose. The corresponding safety studies are presented, particular stress being placed on the original work developed in these fields. Special mention is made of the experimental systems constructed for these studies: the reactor CABRI, pile loop for depressurization tests, loops outside the pile, mock-ups etc. (authors) [French] La presente communication propose une synthese de l'experience acquise en France en matiere de surete des reacteurs. Les reacteurs de la filiere graphite-gaz faisant l'objet d'une communication particuliere, on examine ici la surete des autres types de reacteurs etudies en France: - reacteurs eau lourde-gaz, - reacteurs a neutrons rapides, - reacteurs de recherche a eau des types piscines et tank. Les imperatifs de surete propres aux differentes filieres sont developpes, en mettant l'accent sur leur influence sur la conception des reacteurs et sur les limitations de puissance qu'ils entrainent. Les etudes de surete correspondantes sont presentees, en insistant plus particulierement sur les travaux originaux developpes dans ces domaines. On indique notamment les moyens d'essais qui ont ete construits pour ces etudes: le reacteur CABRI, boucle en pile pour essais de depressurisation, boucles hors pile, maquettes, etc. (auteurs)

  18. Demain, quel management logistique pour la logistique événementielle ? Une étude prospective sur l'impact du cashless sur le management logistique des festivals musicaux en France à l'horizon 2020

    OpenAIRE

    Salaun, Vincent

    2016-01-01

    International audience; En France, la saison estivale 2015 des festivals musicaux a été marquée par un élément nouveau : le paiement dématérialisé ou cashless. Dans des organisations événementielles à forte dimension logistique, cette communication interroge l'impact que pourrait avoir cette nouvelle pratique sur la gestion des flux dans des manifestations culturelles. En réponse à ce questionnement, la communication met en œuvre une méthodologique prospective, et illustre la capacité du cash...

  19. A instrução pública na França revolucionária: considerações a partir do Essais sur l’enseignement en general et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, de Sylvestre-François Lacroix - The public instruction in revolutionary France: some remarks accord

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Vicente Marafioti Garnica

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda o livro Essais sur l'enseignement en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, de Sylvestre-François Lacroix, publicado originalmente na França em 1805, enfatizando sua primeira parte, na qual o autor discute a instrução pública e, particularmente, as escolas centrais da França revolucionária.Palavras-chave: Sylvestre-François Lacroix (1765-1843, instrução pública, Essais sur l'enseigne-ment en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, iluminismo, França. The public instruction in revolutionary France: some remarks according to Lacroix’s Essais sur l’enseignement en general et sur celui des mathématiques en particulierAbstractThe article discusses the book Essais sur l'enseignement en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, by Sylvestre-François Lacroix, originally published in France in 1805. The first part of the book, in which the author discusses public education, and particularly the central schools of revolutionary France, is emphasized.Key-words: Sylvestre-François Lacroix (1765-1843, public instruction, Essais sur l'enseignement en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, enlightenment, France. Instrucción pública en Francia revolucionaria: consideraciones a la vista del libro Essais sur l’enseignement en general et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, de Sylvestre-François LacroixResumenEl artículo aborda el libro Essais sur l'enseignement en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier de Sylvestre-François Lacroix, publicado originalmente en Francia, en 1805, haciendo hincapié en su primera parte, en la que el autor habla de la instrucción pública y en particular de las escuelas centrales en Francia en el período revolucionario.Palabras-clave: Sylvestre-François Lacroix (1765-1843, instrucción pública, Essais sur l'enseigne-ment en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier

  20. Advances in cardiovascular research. 15th Annual Meeting of the European Council for Cardiovascular Research (ECCR). La Colle sur Loup, France, 8–10 October 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steckelings, U Muscha; De Mey, Jo G R; Pinto-Sietsma, Sara-Joan; Henrion, Daniel; Unger, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    The 15th Annual Meeting of the European Council of Cardiovascular Research brought together basic and clinical scientists working in the cardiovascular field in La Colle sur Loup, France. Upfront basic and clinical research addressing the mechanisms of disease, identification of biomarkers or development of new treatments was communicated in 101 presentations, 35 of them as a part of five on-topic oral sessions and three workshops. Three keynote lectures reviewed current knowledge and the latest data about mechanosensitive channels in pressure regulation, cell therapy in cardiovascular disease and mechanisms of cardiovascular risk associated with diabetic nephropathy. This article summarizes highlights of the oral sessions, workshops and keynote lectures.

  1. Temperature and extreme rainfalls on France in a climatic change scenario; Temperature et precipitations extremes sur la france dans un scenario de changement climatique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deque, M

    2007-07-01

    Impact of an anthropogenic climate change scenario on the frequency distribution of temperature and precipitation over France is studied with a numerical simulation calibrated with observed daily data from the synoptic network. (author)

  2. La recherche sur la perception paysagère et la qualité environnementale en France = Research on landscape perception and environmental quality in France

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nardon, N.; Berg, van den A.

    2001-01-01

    This reports contains the results of an exploration of research and expertise activities on the theme of landscape perception and quality in France. The research was carried out by a French agronomy engineer. The objectives of this research project were to inform French researchers about Alterra's

  3. Quelques mots sur les contrats de vente de mots (Observations sur la condamnation judiciaire en France de Google pour son système Adwords

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cédric Manara

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available A French court has ruled against Google France in an intellectual property dispute, saying the company infringed trademark laws for allowing advertisers to combine their text notices to trademarked search terms. This decision, which is not a temporary injunction, is unique, and it is also the first in the world to find Google liable for its AdWords program. This short analysis recaps the reason how the law applied to the search tool, and highlights that the judicial decision has probably no effect for the defendant: not because it has been ruled in France, but because advertisers who buy AdWords agree to indemnify Google for any liability and cause of action. Therefore, this shows that these conflicts of laws in cyberspace are not those we thought so

  4. Impacts of climate change on wind energy resources in France: a regionalization study; Impacts du changement climatique sur le potentiel eolien en France: une etude de regionalisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Najac, J.

    2008-11-15

    In this work, we study the impact of climate change on surface winds in France and draw conclusions concerning wind energy resources. Because of their coarse spatial resolution, climate models cannot properly reproduce the spatial variability of surface winds. Thus, 2 down-scaling methods are developed in order to regionalize an ensemble of climate scenarios: a statistical method based on weather typing and a statistic-dynamical method that resorts to high resolution mesoscale modelling. By 2050, significant but relatively small changes are depicted with, in particular, a decrease of the wind speed in the southern and an increase in the northern regions of France. The use of other down-scaling methods enables us to study several uncertainty sources: it appears that most of the uncertainty is due to the climate models. (author)

  5. The qualitative effects of climate change on health in France; Les effets qualitatifs du changement climatique sur la sante en France. Rapport de groupe interministeriel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-04-15

    This report aims at giving a general basis for the possible effects of climate change within a context defined by data on possible climate change defined in collaboration with Meteo France. After a brief description of climate change in France, the authors describe the health consequences of different phenomena like: more frequent hotter days and nights and a lesser number of cold days and nights, heat waves and dryness, heavy precipitation events, increase of storm and hurricane activity, more frequent sea level rise. For each of these classes of consequences, they consider different more particular consequences, i.e. the increase of river and lake temperature and of sea surface temperature, increase of summer hours of sunshine, decrease of snow coverage duration, soft winters and early spring, decrease of frost, weak winds over longer periods, forest fire, decrease of river water level, decrease of ground waters, effects on microbial activities, floods, and so on. Then the author reports some observations made during the heat wave in France in 2003 (mortality, risk factors, interactions between temperature and air pollution, national planning) and in 2006.

  6. Report on the development perspectives of the hydroelectric production in France; Rapport sur les perspectives de developpement de la production hydroelectrique en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-03-15

    This report, presented to the Ministry of the Economy, the Finances and the Industry, has been realized by the high ranking of the sustainable development of the Ministry. It presents the synthesis of the working group study at the second half year 2005 and proposes to the Ministry some practical actions to develop the hydroelectric production in France. After a presentation of the hydro electric-power challenges and potential, the author discusses the regulatory context of the hydroelectric power development, the conditions of this development and proposes some actions. (A.L.B.)

  7. Overview of 3D Documentation Data and Tools available for Archaeological Researches: case study of the Romanesque Church of Dugny-sur-Meuse (France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macher, H.; Grussenmeyer, P.; Kraemer, C.; Guillemin, S.

    2015-08-01

    In this paper, the 3D documentation of the full structure of the Romanesque church of Dugny-sur-Meuse is discussed. In 2012 and 2013, a 3D recording project was carried out under the supervision of the Photogrammetry and Geomatics Research Group from INSA Strasbourg (France) in cooperation with C. Kraemer, archaeologist from Nancy (France). The goal of the project was on one hand to propose new solutions and tools to the archaeologists in charge of the project especially for stone by stone measurements. On the other hand, a simplified 3D model was required by the local authorities for communication purposes. To achieve these goals several techniques were applied namely GNSS measurements and accurate traverse networks, photogrammetric recordings and terrestrial laser scanning acquisitions. The various acquired data are presented in this paper. Based on these data, several deliverables are also proposed. The generation of orthoimages from plane as well as cylindrical surfaces is considered. Moreover, the workflow for the creation of a 3D simplified model is also presented.

  8. Convention on Nuclear Safety. Second national report on the implementation by france of the obligations of the Convention; Convention sur la surete nucleaire. Deuxieme rapport national sur la mise en oeuvre par la France des obligations de la Convention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-09-15

    The first national report on the implementation by france of the obligation under the Convention is structured along its Articles. the french Nuclear safety Authority ensured the co ordination of the report, with contributions from other regulators and nuclear operators. this report was distributed at the middle of April 2003 to the other Contracting party (on 3 november to 14, 2003 at the IAEA headquarters. (author)

  9. Together on the same planet. Gaz de France and sustainable development in 2006; Ensemble sur la meme planete. Gaz de France et le developpement durable en 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This document presents the sustainable development policy of Gaz de France group. It identifies the challenges the group has to face in order to control the environmental impact of the Group's activities (exploration, production, procurement, re-gasification, transmission, storage, distribution, marketing and shares, services). The approach used is based on a voluntary commitment of the Group to dialogue and share current challenges with all its stakeholders, and to imagine other roads to development. The initiatives consist in clean production practices, development of renewable energy sources, energy conservation, investment in research, safety improvement, solidarity with underprivileged people, respect of local environment and of codes of conduct, accompanying local economic development and development of clean transport systems. (J.S.)

  10. Sexe, juju et migrations. Regard anthropologique sur les processus migratoires de femmes africaines en France Sex, Juju and Migrations. An Anthropological Look at the Migratory Processes of African Women in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Guillemaut

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available L’article propose une réflexion sur la problématique de la prostitution de fem­mes africaines dans les rues en France. S’agit-il de trafics d’êtres humains ou de phénomènes de migrations ? Quel est le rôle des rituels magiques (juju dans ce contexte ? Comment les femmes concernées vivent-elles leur situation ? Nous examinerons les différentes modalités de mobilité géographique des femmes africaines et nous entendrons comment les femmes elles-mêmes parlent du juju, de leurs rapports aux croyances magiques ou religieuses. Les résultats présentés ici sont le fruit d’un terrain de 12 années passées au contact quotidien des fem­mes concernées. En conclusion, nous tenterons de mettre en évidence les para­doxes que révèlent ces observations par rapport aux discours majoritaires et aux normes en vigueur sur le sujet de la traite des êtres humains.The article proposes studying the problematic of the prostitution of African women in the streets of France. Is it about a traffic of human beings or a migratory phenomena? What is the role of ritual magics (juju in this context? How do the women concerned live in their situation? We will examine the various methods of geographical mobility of the African women and we will listen to what the women themselves say about juju, and their relationships to magical or religious beliefs. The results presented here are the fruit of a 12 year field study in daily contact with the women concerned. In conclusion, we shall try to highlight the paradoxes these observations reveal in comparison with commonly heard talk and the standards in force on the subject of traffic in human beings.

  11. Tendance de marché en France sur la présence des protéines végétales dans les produits alimentaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estève-Saillard Morgane

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Le contexte actuel est favorable à l’utilisation croissante des protéines végétales dans les produits alimentaires : préoccupations sanitaires et environnementales, développement du flexitarisme et dans une moindre mesure du végétarisme, inscriptions des protéines végétales dans les secteurs de recherche stratégiques pour la France...Le bilan de référencement du GEPV, Groupe d’Étude et de Promotion des Protéines Végétales, fait le point tous les deux ans sur la présence des protéines végétales dans les produits alimentaires commercialisés en France. Les résultats du dernier bilan montrent la nette progression de l’utilisation de protéines végétales dans tous les rayons alimentaires, en progression constante depuis plusieurs années. Le blé reste la source largement majoritaire, suivi par le soja. Des spécificités se dégagent dans l’utilisation des ingrédients protéiques végétaux; par exemple les protéines de pois et de soja sont principalement utilisées pour les produits carnés alors que le gluten et la féverole sont surtout utilisés pour les produits de panification. De nouvelles utilisations des sources protéiques voient également le jour et feront l’objet d’un suivi du GEPV, comme les microalgues ou les mycoprotéines.

  12. Quelques noddees sur l’ecologie de la vedetation des dunes et sur la fonction de l’enraciment dans l’edification de dunes a la Cote Mediterraneenne de la France. I

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boterenbrood, A.J.; Donsellaar-Ten Bokkel Huinink, van W.A.E.; Donselaar, van J.

    1956-01-01

    Dans la végétation des dunes du Languedoc J. BRAUN-BLANQUET (1952) distingue trois associations, à savoir; 1) l’Agropyretum mediterraneum parmi et sur les premières dunes basses; 2) l’Ammophiletum arundinaceae sur les dunes plus hautes; et 3) le Crucianelletum maritimae dans les dépressions et en

  13. Impacts du changement climatique sur les ressources en eaux à l’échelle de la FranceApproche multi-modèle : Plate-forme Aqui-FR

    OpenAIRE

    Thiéry, Dominique

    2015-01-01

    International audience; Cette présentation comprend deux parties :La première partie présente des exemples de modélisation des impacts du changement climatique sur les ressources en eaux de surface et en eaux souterrainesLa deuxième partie présente la plateforme de modélisation hydrogéologique nationale AQUI-FR pilotée par l’UMR Metis du CNRS, avec comme partenaires : BRGM, CERFACS, Géosciences-Rennes, LHyGes Météo-France, MINES ParisTech, Onema.

  14. Assessment by regional modelling of the impact of monopile foundations on the hydrodynamics and sediment transport: case of Courseulles-sur-Mer (France) wind farm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivier, Aurélie; Bennis, Anne-Claire; Pinon, Grégory; Magar, Vanesa; Gross, Markus

    2015-04-01

    Offshore monopile foundations of wind turbines modify hydrodynamics and sediment transport at local scale and also at regional scale. The aim of this work is to assess these changes and to parametrize them in a regional model. These modifications were previously evaluated using the regional circulation model MARS3D (Lazure and Dumas, 2008) in tests-cases (Rivier et al., 2014) using two approaches: in the first approach, monopiles are explicitly modelled in the mesh as dry cells and in the second approach a sub-grid parametrization which considers the drag force exerted by a monopile on the flow is used. The sub-grid parametrization is improved close to the bed in this paper by adding a drag force term in the momentum equations, source terms in the turbulence model and by increasing the bed shear stress at monopile location. Changes in hydrodynamics regime, especially near-bed, affect sediment transport regime and modifications due to monopiles on sediment dynamics is also investigated using the MARS3D sediment transport module (Le Hir et al., 2011) which solves the advection-diffusion equations. Test-cases are run using hydrodynamical conditions and sediment grain sizes typical from the area located off Courseulles-sur-Mer (Normandy, France) where an offshore wind farm is planned to be built. Velocity, turbulent kinetic energy and bed thickness changes due to the monopile simulated by both approaches are compared to each other and to experimental measurements made in a flume at the University of Caen or to published data (e.g. Roulund et al., 2005; Dargahi,1989). Then the model is applied in a real configuration on an area including the future offshore wind farm of Courseulles-sur-Mer. Four monopiles are represented in the model using both approaches and modifications of the hydrodynamics and sediment transport are assessed along a tidal cycle. Currents increase at the side edge of the monopile and decrease in front of and downstream the monopile. Turbulent kinetic

  15. Statistical properties and time-frequency analysis of temperature, salinity and turbidity measured by the MAREL Carnot station in the coastal waters of Boulogne-sur-Mer (France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kbaier Ben Ismail, Dhouha; Lazure, Pascal; Puillat, Ingrid

    2016-10-01

    In marine sciences, many fields display high variability over a large range of spatial and temporal scales, from seconds to thousands of years. The longer recorded time series, with an increasing sampling frequency, in this field are often nonlinear, nonstationary, multiscale and noisy. Their analysis faces new challenges and thus requires the implementation of adequate and specific methods. The objective of this paper is to highlight time series analysis methods already applied in econometrics, signal processing, health, etc. to the environmental marine domain, assess advantages and inconvenients and compare classical techniques with more recent ones. Temperature, turbidity and salinity are important quantities for ecosystem studies. The authors here consider the fluctuations of sea level, salinity, turbidity and temperature recorded from the MAREL Carnot system of Boulogne-sur-Mer (France), which is a moored buoy equipped with physico-chemical measuring devices, working in continuous and autonomous conditions. In order to perform adequate statistical and spectral analyses, it is necessary to know the nature of the considered time series. For this purpose, the stationarity of the series and the occurrence of unit-root are addressed with the Augmented-Dickey Fuller tests. As an example, the harmonic analysis is not relevant for temperature, turbidity and salinity due to the nonstationary condition, except for the nearly stationary sea level datasets. In order to consider the dominant frequencies associated to the dynamics, the large number of data provided by the sensors should enable the estimation of Fourier spectral analysis. Different power spectra show a complex variability and reveal an influence of environmental factors such as tides. However, the previous classical spectral analysis, namely the Blackman-Tukey method, requires not only linear and stationary data but also evenly-spaced data. Interpolating the time series introduces numerous artifacts to the

  16. EL ARTE Y LA AYUDA HUMANITARIA SUIZA EN EL SUR DE FRANCIA (1939-1943 = ART AND THE SWISS HUMANITARIAN AID IN THE SOUTH OF FRANCE (1939-1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natascha Schmoller Ehlers

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo pretende analizar la interrelación entre la ayuda humanitaria suiza y el arte que se genera en torno a ella por sus voluntarios, socorridos y fotógrafos ajenos a la organización, dentro del margen temporal de 1939 a 1943 en el sur de Francia. Las respuestas creativas concretas de los involucrados a favor de la supervivencia psicológica y económica ante los retos de un contexto bélico adverso en los campos de concentración de Argelès-sur-Mer y Gurs son objeto de estudio, sobre todo la obra artística relevante.This paper analyses the relationship between the Swiss humanitarian aid and the art that is generated around it by its members, the rescued and photographers outside the organisation, in the temporal margin of 1939-1943 in France. The study implies the creative responses of the involved, especially the relevant artwork, in favour of the psychological and economical survival and against the challenges of an adverse military context in the French concentration camps of Argelès-sur-Mer and Gurs.

  17. Controverse, polémique, expertise : trois notions pour aborder le débat sur le changement climatique en France

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mauger-Parat, Marion; Peliz, Ana Carolina

    2013-01-01

    ... en débat de la question climatique : l’expertise, la controverse et la polémique. Il est question de comprendre la construction et la circulation du discours sur le changement climatique dans la presse française. Au-delà...

  18. The estimation of the yearly cycle of submarine irradiance for ecological purposes. A methodological example based on data from Banyuls-sur-Mer (France)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weinberg, Steven; Cortel-Breeman, Anneke

    1978-01-01

    The yearly cycle of surface solar irradiance at Banyuls-sur-Mer is derived from meteorological data. Monthly irradiance attenuation coefficients of the seawater were obtained from Secchi disc readings, which enabled the authors to classify the monthly optical water types according to Jerlov's

  19. Évaluation des risques de la pollution urbaine sur la santé en Île-de-France (erpurs) : liens avec la mortalité 1987-1998.

    OpenAIRE

    Campagna, Dave; Lefranc, Agnès; Nunes-Odasso, Catherine; Ferry, Ruth

    2003-01-01

    Mis en place à la suite de l’épisode de pollution de janvier-février 1989, Erpurs est un programme qui a pour objectif l’évaluation des effets de la pollution atmosphérique urbaine sur la santé en Ile-de-France. L’ensemble des données de mortalité disponibles de 1987 à 1998 pour l’agglomération parisienne ont été analysées afin d’étudier les relations avec les niveaux de différents polluants. La méthode d'analyse utilisée consiste à mettre en relation les variations temporelles des niveaux de...

  20. Evolution of thyroid cancer occurrence in metropolitan France. Assessment over 25 years; evolution de l'incidence du cancer de la thyroide en France metropolitaine. Bilan sur 25 ans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rogel, Agnes; Caserio-Schonemann, Celine; Cherie-Challine, Laurence; Rudant, Jeremie; Bloch, Juliette; Thuret, Anne [Unite cancer, Departement des maladies chroniques et traumatismes - DMCT, Institut de veille sanitaire - InVS (France); Colonna, Marc [Registre des cancers de l' Isere, Reseau francais des registres de cancer (Francim) (France); Uhry, Zoe; Kudjawu, Yao; Danzon, Arlette [Unite cancer, DMCT, InVS (France); Lacour, Brigitte [Registre national des tumeurs solides de l' enfant, Francim (France); Schvartz, Claire [Registre des cancers de la thyroide Marne-Ardennes, Francim (France); Pascal, Laurence; Lasalle, Jean-Luc [Cellule interregionale d' epidemiologie - Cire Sud (France); Borson-Chazot, Francoise; Sassolas, Genevieve; Hafdi-Nejjari, Zakia [Registre des cancers thyroidiens de la region Rhone-Alpes (France); Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Guenel, Pascal; Vathaire, Florent de; Guillas, Gwenaelle; Mesrine, Sylvie; Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise; Clero, Enora; Adjadj, Elisabeth; Bedouche, Lallia [Institut national de la sante et de la recherche medicale (Inserm) U1018 (France); Belot, Aurelien [Unite Cancer, DMCT, InVS (France); Hospices civils de Lyon - HCL (France); Fieffe, Sandrine; Dalac, Audrey; Goncalves, Katia; Kaplan, Martine; Pochart, Jean-Marie [Registre des cancers de la thyroide Marne-Ardennes, Francim, Centre de luttre contre le cancer de Reims (France); Desenclos, Jean-Claude [Direction scientifique, InVS (France)

    2011-04-15

    After a presentation of the epidemiological context of thyroid cancer in France, this report, based on cancer record data, analyzes the occurrence of thyroid cancers between 1982 and 2006. It discusses the contribution and limits of medical-administrative data for the epidemiological monitoring of thyroid cancer occurrence between 1997 and 2009. It proposes a descriptive analysis of thyroid cancers in two districts (Marne and Ardennes) between 1975 and 2008, and a descriptive analysis of thyroid cancer for children under 14 between 2000 and 2008. It proposes an estimation of thyroid cancer occurrence in Corsica between 1998 and 2006. It reports and discusses a pilot study performed in two regions (Ile de France and Nord Pas-de-Calais), based on a multi-source system of cancer monitoring (SMSC), and comments studies on risk factors for differentiated thyroid cancers in France

  1. Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. Fourth National Report on Compliance with the Joint Convention Obligations. France; Convention commune sur la surete de la gestion du combustible use et sur la surete de la gestion des dechets radioactifs. Quatrieme rapport national sur la mise en oeuvre des obligations de la Convention commune. France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-09-15

    The Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management, hereinafter referred to as the 'Joint Convention', is the result of international discussions that followed the adoption of the Convention on Nuclear Safety, in 1994. France signed the Joint Convention at the General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) held on 29 September 1997, the very first day the Joint Convention was opened for signature. She approved it on 22 February 2000 and filed the corresponding instruments with the IAEA on 27 April 2000. The Joint Convention entered into force on 18 June 2001. For many years, France has been taking an active part in the pursuit of international actions to reinforce nuclear safety and considers the Joint Convention to be a key step in that direction. The fields covered by the Joint Convention have long been part of the French approach to nuclear safety. This report is the fourth of its kind. It is published in accordance with Article 32 of the Joint Convention and presents the measures taken by France to meet each of her obligations set out in the Convention. The facilities and radioactive materials covered by the Joint Convention are much diversified in nature and are controlled in France by different regulatory authorities (see Section E). Over and above a specific threshold of radioactive content, a facility is referred to as a 'basic nuclear facility' (installation nucleaire de base - INB) and placed under the control of the French Nuclear Safety Authority (Autorite de surete nucleaire - ASN). Below that threshold and provided that the facility involved falls under a category of the nomenclature of classified facilities for other purposes than their radioactive materials, any facility may be considered as a 'classified facility on environmental-protection grounds' (installation classee pour la protection de l'environnement - ICPE) and placed under the

  2. DEUXIEME CONFERENCE INTERNATIONALE SUR LE TRAITEMENT AUTOMATIQUE DES LANGUES (SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS, GRENOBLE, FRANCE, AUGUST 23-25, 1967).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1967

    THE PAPERS IN THIS VOLUME--CATEGORIZED AS EITHER (1) AUTOMATIC ANALYSES OF NATURAL LANGUAGES, (2) STATISTIC AND SEMANTIC ANALYSES OF LINGUISTIC DATA, OR (3) ALGEBRAIC THEORIES OF LANGUAGES--ARE THE COLLECTIVE PRODUCT OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS HELD AT GRENOBLE, FRANCE, AUGUST 23-25, 1967. TOPICS RANGE FROM…

  3. Le chantier médiéval dans le Sud-Est de la France: regard sur les techniques de construction et l’organisation du chantier à partir de quelques exemples (XIe-XIVe siècles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esquieu, Yves

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article illustrates several aspects of the archaeological research on mediaeval construction in south-eastern France (11th-14th cent. by studies in building archaeology led by the authors in various architectural and scientific contexts. It focuses on questions such as the know-how and its transfer, changes in the architectural project, the organization of the building process and its techniques and strategies, by analyzing the masonry and structure of the edifice and, in the case of the pope’s palace in Avignon, by combined research on the architecture and the written sources.Le présent article illustre différents aspects de la recherche sur la construction du XIe au XIVe siècle dans le Sud-Est de la France à l’exemple d’études monumentales menées par ses deux auteurs dans différents contextes architecturaux et scientifiques. Il aborde les questions du savoir-faire et de sa transmission, des changements de projet, et l’organisation du chantier, à partir des indices de la lecture des élévations et, dans le cas de la construction du palais des papes d’Avignon, de l’étude conjointe des sources écrites.

  4. Les aliments au soja : consommation en France, qualités nutritionnelles et données scientifiques récentes sur la santé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chevalier Dominique

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Aujourd’hui, 4 Français sur 10 consomment des aliments au soja. Les consommateurs les ont intégrés dans leur alimentation, sans bouleverser leurs habitudes alimentaires, parce qu’ils les considèrent naturels et sains. Les non consommateurs sont en attente de plus d’informations (origine géographique du soja et qualités nutritionnelles. La consommation est assez récente et devrait progresser dans les prochaines années. Les aliments élaborés à partir de la graine de soja fournissent des protéines de très bonne qualité nutritionnelle, des acides gras insaturés, des fibres, des vitamines et des minéraux. La graine de soja contient des isoflavones, dont une grande partie est éliminée lors de l’élaboration des aliments au soja (qui en contiennent 1 à 3 mg/g de protéine. La consommation actuelle d’aliments au soja est largement compatible avec l’apport maximal de 1mg/kg/j recommandé par l’Afssa en 2005. Le développement infantile avec les préparations à base de protéines de soja est comparable à celui observé avec celles à base de protéines de lait de vache ou avec le lait maternel, sur tous les paramètres étudiés (croissance, santé osseuse et fonctions métaboliques, reproductives, endocrines, immunitaires et neurologiques. Les aliments au soja semblent exercer un effet protecteur vis-à-vis du risque de cancer du sein (probablement lié aux isoflavones, surtout si la consommation est débutée avant l’adolescence. Chez les femmes ayant des antécédents de cancer du sein, l’alimentation peut intégrer les aliments au soja. Introduire des aliments à base de soja dans l’alimentation contribue aussi à maintenir la santé cardiovasculaire, du fait de leur effet favorable sur le taux de LDL-cholestérol, sur la fonction endothéliale, et potentiellement sur la tension artérielle.

  5. La fabrication du regroupement sportif "communautaire" : enquête sociologique sur les clubs de football "turcs" en France et en Allemagne

    OpenAIRE

    Weiss, Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Through a sociological investigation of Turkish football clubs implanted in France and Germany, the object of my doctoral research is to explore the creation of sports organizations of a “community based” character. After having attested to the fairly substantial presence of Turkish clubs in the UpperRhine valley, in the first chapter, I principally try to answer two partially linked questions: 1) How can one explain that Turkish immigrants have such a vigorous associative sports development?...

  6. Les aliments au soja : consommation en France, qualités nutritionnelles et données scientifiques récentes sur la santé

    OpenAIRE

    Chevalier Dominique; Debeuf Christine; Joubrel Gwénaële; Kocken Martine; Planchenault Nadine

    2016-01-01

    Aujourd’hui, 4 Français sur 10 consomment des aliments au soja. Les consommateurs les ont intégrés dans leur alimentation, sans bouleverser leurs habitudes alimentaires, parce qu’ils les considèrent naturels et sains. Les non consommateurs sont en attente de plus d’informations (origine géographique du soja et qualités nutritionnelles). La consommation est assez récente et devrait progresser dans les prochaines années. Les aliments élaborés ...

  7. France 2001. Third national communication under the UN framework convention on climate change; France 2001. Troisieme communication nationale a la convention cadre des nations unies sur les changements climatiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    In line with obligations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, France, like all the signatories of the convention, is required periodically to provide a National Communication following a plan established by the Conference of Parties to the Convention. This document provides information on national actions related to climate change. It also aims to help our country respect its commitments and encourage the release of information so as to enable an examination and in-depth evaluation of the implementation of the commitments made under the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the 1998 European agreement on burden-sharing within the European Union. (author)

  8. The position of Electricite de France (EDF) on the European Commission strategy against acidification; Position de l`Electricite de France (EDF) sur la strategie de lutte contre l`acidification de la commission europeenne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartaire, J.G. [Electricite de France (EDF), 94 - Vitry-sur-Seine (France)

    1997-12-31

    Electricite de France (EDF), the French national power utility, presents several observations on the European Union 1997 project for the reduction of air pollution and acidification in Europe. Although EDF is globally approving the European Commission determination for a common strategy, several points are pinned, which are related to the necessity of technical-economical impact analysis of the strategy, the synchronization with the sulfur protocol and the projected United Nation protocol, a stronger consideration of emission sources others than power plants, the consideration of national specificities, situation in Eastern Europe, and limitations in the reliability of models and tools used by the Commission

  9. La mobilisation des jeunes sur les réseaux sociaux pendant les campagnes électorales : l'analyse comparative entre la France et la Russie

    OpenAIRE

    Pechenkina, Ekaterina

    2016-01-01

    This thesis will focus on the analysis and systematization of the use of social networks in the presidential campaigns, both in France and in Russia in 2012, as well as in the municipal campaigns in Bordeaux and Moscow, in 2014 and 2013 respectively. The development of this thesis will also include the basic use of technologies, as well as the forms and methods of political online communication at the actual stage of their development.In this thesis, the examination of the political mechanism...

  10. L'impact des incitations sur les actions de responsabilité sociale des entreprises liées au handicap en France

    OpenAIRE

    Gandillot Nicolas, Estelle

    2016-01-01

    International audience; En France, la gestion du handicap en entreprise a longtemps relevé de l'engagement volontaire et de la Responsabilité Sociale de l'Entreprise (RSE). Néanmoins, la gestion du handicap a nécessité au cours des dernières années la mise en place d'importantes incitations, ayant entrainé des mutations sociales. La mesure des résultats attendus suite à ces incitations surprend. Ceux-ci sont aujourd'hui évalués essentiellement de manière quantitative. Cela rend difficile la m...

  11. Study on dioxins and furans in the maternal milk in France. Press conference of June 30, 2000; Etude sur les dioxines et les furanes dans le lait maternel en France. Conference de presse du 30 juin 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    Dioxins (PCDDs) and furans (PCDFs), known as 'dioxins' belong to the chemical family of the polychlorinated organic compounds (POCs). They are ubiquitous and very stable pollutants. The carcinogenicity and the accumulation of these compounds in living organisms, as well as accidents such as Seveso, have led to an increasing interest in this chemical family among the population, politics and scientists. The Health Ministry and the Environment and Energy Management Agency have entrusted the National institute for Public Health surveillance (InVS) and the Rhones-Alpes Centre of Epidemiology and Public Health (CAREPS) to conduct a study which will establish the position of France on 'dioxins' within the EU and will identify the factors which could influence the different levels in the population. This study was conducted between 1998 and 1999 in collaboration with the French lactariums. Because of the lack of acceptability for blood or adipose tissue samples, most of the studies on population exposure have been based on breast milk sample analyses. A total of 244 milk samples for 'dioxins' analysis were collected from mothers who also completed a questionnaire giving information on various factors influencing the levels. This study gives the first results in France on POC concentrations allowing a comparison with those of our european neighbouring countries. In addition, in considering future policy options, it will constitute a first point to establish a surveillance programme on exposures via maternal milk. (authors)

  12. Report on power consumption from renewable energy sources in France; Rapport sur la consommation d'electricite produite a partir de sources d'energie renouvelable en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-03-15

    This report presents an analysis of the realization of the national objectives of domestic consumption of electricity of renewable origin. Conformably with article 3 of the European directive no 2001/77/CE from September 27, 2001, it takes into account the climatic factors susceptible to interfere with the realization of the objectives and indicates to what extent the actions implemented are conformable with the national commitment of France in the domain of climatic change. Content: national objectives and tools for the sustained development of renewable energy sources (programs, investments, financial incentives, environmental policy), power consumption of renewable origin in 2004 (demand factors, evolution of renewable power generation between 1997 and 2004), 2005 highlights. (J.S.)

  13. Inventories of atmospheric pollutants emissions in France under the convention framework on the long range transboundary air pollution; Inventaire des emissions de polluants atmospheriques en France au titre de la convention sur la pollution atmospherique tranfrontaliere a longue distance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-12-01

    The present report supplies emission data, for France, concerning all the substances covered by the different protocols adopted under the Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP), on behalf of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). The substances covered are sulphur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), non methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), ammonia (NH{sub 3}), carbon monoxide (CO), total suspended particles (TSP), fine particles (PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2,5}), heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Se, Zn) and persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Data are reported according to new specifications adopted in Autumn 2001 regarding substances and source coverage. Parties to the convention have to report annually emissions of these substances. (author)

  14. Informatique, environnements et ressources informatisés dans l’enseignement obligatoire : points de repère sur la France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GEORGES-LOUIS BARON

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available France is among the first countries that has launched public policies for introducing and disseminating ICT usage in education. This text, which relies on two previous publications (Baron, 2005 and (Baron & Harrari, 2005 aims at putting in their historical context the current orientations and explaining the genesis that led to them. First, it presents an analysis of the situation in the French school system, focusing on primary education and on the issue of ICT tools. Then, it analyses the process for producing and disseminating ICT resources within and outside of schools and presents some considerations on the efficacy of using ICT. Finally, it discusses some of the problems and trends regarding teacher education.

  15. A French survey on breast radiotherapy techniques for simulation and treatment; Enquete sur les techniques de preparation et de traitement utilisees pour la radiotherapie du sein en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fournier-Bidoz, N.; Rosenwald, J.C. [Institut Curie, Dept. d' Oncologie-Radiotherapie, 75 - Paris (France); Romestaing, P. [Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Dept. d' Oncologie-Radiotherapie, 69 - Pierre-Benite (France)

    2005-11-15

    Breast radiotherapy is still in progress. The target volumes - whole breast and lymph nodes - are usually located by clinical palpation and the use of bony landmarks. However computed tomography has allowed a better definition of the deep edge of the volumes and the calculation of 3D dose distributions. A survey of 194 centers has started in June 2005 in France. The questionnaire that was sent included questions about general techniques in breast radiotherapy. Preliminary results on 50 centers showed that patient anatomical data were in the vast majority acquired by a simulator-CT or a CT (for 92%). In the 50 departments, beam placement is done either directly at the simulator (20 centers), or on the TPS (16 centers). Virtual simulation software is used in 8 centers. In about 20% (11) radiotherapy departments, 3D target volumes are contoured and the beams adapted to their shapes. (author)

  16. Les ecoles franc;aises de l'Ontario et les resultats de la troisieme enquete internationale sur I'enseignement des mathematiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yves Herry

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Qllaranle-cinq pays onl parlicipe a la Iroisieme enqllele illlemalionale sur I'enseignemelll des mathematiqlles el des sciences. Elle avail pOllr bllt de docllmenter la qllalite de I'apprentissage des mathemaliqlles et d'idenlijier les jactellrs qlli sonl relies a la peljormance des eieves. Cet arlicle veul decrire la sitllalion de I'enseigllemellt et de I'apprelltissage des mathemaliqlles chez les eleves jrancophones de l'Onlario ages de 13 ans. Dans w/ premier lemps, il presente Ie rendement de la poplliation jrallcopholle de l'Ontario. Puis, il s'interesse allx donnees descriptives lirees des questionnaires destines allx eleves et all personnel enseignant conce/'llant trois champs d'injormation soit J les caracterisliqlles sociales et socio-economiqlles des eleves, 2 les altitlldes des eleves et de leurs parents vis-a-vis des malilematiques et 3 les pratiques pedagogiqlles des enseignanles et des enseignallts. L'article examine egalemenl les relations entre Ie rendemenl en malhemaliqlles et les variables de ces trois champs. II identijie certaines differences elltre les donnees reclleillies en mathematiques aupres desjrancophones de rOntario et celles recueillies aupres des eleves de la Colombie-Britallniqlle, popllialion qlli a obtenu Ie meillellr relldemenl all Canada

  17. La traducción de la preposición sur en el lenguaje jurídico francés: estudio de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanagua Barceló Martínez

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The research on specialized translation of legal texts has focused extensively on the descriptive and applied aspects of its terminology. Nowadays, this situation is shifting and the works on the analysis of the phraseology of the different specialized fields of knowledge are attracting an ever-growing interest. This paper aims to present a case study carried out from the collection and analysis of a group of expressions pertaining to the French legal language preceded by the preposition sur and their translation into Spanish. The text corpus belongs to the professional practice of translation. To this end, the relevance of the subject discussed will be justified and immediately after the methodology used will be explained; subsequently, a brief theoretical overview of the notion of preposition will be presented and our study will be illustrated with the assistance of examples in context. The role played by specialized legal dictionaries in the translation process of legal phraseology will be equally analyzed. Finally, a conclusion will be drawn and a series of possible future lines of research will be considered.

  18. Inventory of greenhouse effect gases in France under the united nation framework convention on climatic change; Inventaire des emissions de gaz a effet de serre en France au titre de la convention cadre des nations unies sur le changement climatique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-12-01

    The present report supplies emission data, for France and for the period 1990 - 2000 concerning all the substances involved in the increase in the greenhouse effect and covered under the United Nations' Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The substances are the six direct greenhouse gases covered by the Kyoto protocol: carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), methane (CH{sub 4}), nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O), the two species of halogenous substances - hydro-fluorocarbons (HFCs) and per-fluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}). Emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), non methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), and carbon monoxide (CO), gases which indirectly make a significant contribution to the greenhouse effect, are reported under the Convention. For the period 1990 - 1999 as a whole, estimates provided in the previous inventories have been reviewed and corrected to take into account updated statistics, improved knowledge, possible changes in methodology and specifications contained in the guidelines (FCCC/CP/1999/7) defined by the UNFCCC on reporting for inventories of emissions, in particular the use of the Common Reporting Format (CRF). (author)

  19. Regard sur la participation de populations marginalisées à la recherche-action. Le cas des squatteurs en Ile-de-France The participation of Marginalised populations in research-action: a case study of squatters in the Ile-de-France region (Paris and surrounding region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lionel Pourtau

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available La recherche-action comporte deux caractéristiques principales : elle met en œuvre la collaboration entre plusieurs types d’acteurs et vise une transformation de la réalité sociale. Elle possède des forces et des faiblesses différentes de la recherche à objectif strictement cognitif. L’article rend compte d’une recherche-action menée par des sociologues, des intervenants sociaux et des populations vivant en squats en Ile-de-France. Les auteurs analysent les enjeux méthodologiques qui se sont posés sur ce terrain particulier relevant de la sociologie de la déviance. Ceux-ci sont liés, notamment, à la participation de chaque groupe d’acteurs aux différentes étapes de la recherche, à la présence d’intérêts différents portés par chacun d’entre eux, et à la conciliation entre les principes habituellement de rigueur dans l’enquête sociologique et les principes de la recherche-action.Research-Action has two main objectives: to allow different players to cooperate, and to transform social reality. This methodology has both the strengths and the weaknesses of strictly cognitive research. In this article, the authors discuss a research-action project which brought together sociologists, social workers and squatters from the Ile-de-France region (Paris and surrounding region. Methodological issues that arise specifically in the context of deviance are addressed, notably the participation of the different players at different stages of the research project, their different areas of interest, as well as the reconciliation between more conventional sociological research and the principles of research-action.

  20. EDITORIAL: Selected papers from the 20th Micromechanics Europe Workshop (MME 09) (Toulouse, France, 20-22 September 2009) Selected papers from the 20th Micromechanics Europe Workshop (MME 09) (Toulouse, France, 20-22 September 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pons, Patrick

    2010-06-01

    This special section of the Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering is devoted to the 20th European Workshop on Micromechanics (MME 2009), which was held in Toulouse, France, 20-22 September 2009. The MME workshop series started in 1989 in Twente and was the first European event created in the field of micro machining technology for developing micro components, micro sensors, micro actuators, and micro systems. Over the last two decades the MEMS community has grown considerably, and the MME workshops have sustained this progress through annual meetings all around Europe: Twente (The Netherlands, 1989), Berlin (Germany, 1990), Leuven (Belgium, 1992), Neuchatel (Switzerland, 1993), Pisa (Italy, 1994), Copenhagen (Denmark, 1995), Barcelona (Spain, 1996), Southampton (United Kingdom, 1997), Ulvik (Norway, 1998), Gif-sur-Yvette (France, 1999), Uppsala (Sweden, 2000), Cork (Ireland, 2001), Sinaia (Romania, 2002), Delft (The Netherlands, 2003), Leuven (Belgium, 2004), Goteborg (Sweden, 2005), Southampton (United Kingdom, 2006), Guimaraes (Portugal, 2007) and Aachen (Germany, 2008). For twenty years, MME conferences have provided an excellent opportunity to bring together many, predominantly European, scientists and engineers to present and discuss the latest developments in this field. For the 20th anniversary of the MicroMechanics Europe Workshop, 115 papers from 23 countries were submitted. Selected contributions were presented during four poster sessions, including short oral presentations. A very interesting feature of the MME workshops is their ability to promote young researchers. Six invited speakers from research centres and industry also gave an overview on advanced technological, characterization and simulation tools. The two day workshop was attended by 185 delegates from 22 countries all over Europe, and from Japan, Taiwan, USA and Mexico. On behalf of the MME 2009 Program Committee, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to all authors of

  1. REML estimates of genetic parameters of sexual dimorphism for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Station de Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 37380 Nouzilly, France; CNRS, Laboratoire Populations, Génétique et Evolution, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France; CNRS, Laboratoire Biométrie, Biologie Evolutive, Université de Lyon I, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France ...

  2. The position of the French coal industry on the European Commission strategy against acidification; Position de charbonnages de France sur la strategie de lutte contre l`acidification de la commission europeenne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dejean, M. [CDF Energie, 92 - Rueil-Malmaison (France)

    1997-12-31

    The Charbonnages de France group (French coal industry) presents several objections to the projected European Commission program concerning the reduction of air pollution emission and acidification: reaching so rapidly the projected reduction level means a drastic improvement to the large burning plants, regardless of the low operating duration of the coal plants in France, which are used for electric power production only at peak or semi-base periods or in industries (principally food industry) with low energy duration requirements, and regardless of the important emission reductions already achieved in France. The coal industry proposes to simply apply the present IPPC directive; already, turning to circulating fluidized bed units has allowed important SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} emission reductions. The evolution of sulfur and nitrogen oxide emissions in France between 1990 and 1995 is detailed

  3. EL ARTE Y LA AYUDA HUMANITARIA SUIZA EN EL SUR DE FRANCIA (1939-1943) = ART AND THE SWISS HUMANITARIAN AID IN THE SOUTH OF FRANCE (1939-1943)

    OpenAIRE

    Natascha Schmoller Ehlers

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo pretende analizar la interrelación entre la ayuda humanitaria suiza y el arte que se genera en torno a ella por sus voluntarios, socorridos y fotógrafos ajenos a la organización, dentro del margen temporal de 1939 a 1943 en el sur de Francia. Las respuestas creativas concretas de los involucrados a favor de la supervivencia psicológica y económica ante los retos de un contexto bélico adverso en los campos de concentración de Argelès-sur-Mer y Gurs son objeto de estudio, so...

  4. Open letter to Mr Christian Bataille, Deputy of Nord region, France. Open letter on nuclear energy; Lettre ouverte a Monsieur Christian Bataille, depute du Nord. Lettre ouverte sur le nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delacroix P

    2007-02-15

    The author, by means of a letter to the deputy Christian Bataille, presents arguments to the shutdown of old nuclear power plants. He points out the environmental and economical arguments in favor of a decrease of the nuclear power use in France. (A.L.B.)

  5. Contamination by the cesium 137 in France and on some areas of Europe in 1999-2000: measures: A. Paris (independent geologist) and CRIIRAD; Contamination par le cesium 137 en France et sur une partie de l'Europe en 1999-2000: mesures: A. Paris (geologue independant) et CRIIRAD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chareyron, B. [Commission de Recherche et d' Information Independantes sur la Radioactivite, CRIIRAD, 26 - Valence (France)

    2001-04-01

    In April 2001, the CRIIRAD published results of residual contamination by cesium 137 in France and some areas in Europe. These measures were realized by an independent geologist A. Paris. This document recalls the main results and brings precise details on the monitoring. A map of the residual contamination in France in july and august 1999 and 2000 is also provided. (A.L.B.)

  6. REML estimates of genetic parameters of sexual dimorphism for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    2 CNRS, Laboratoire Populations, Génétique et Evolution, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France. 3 CNRS, Laboratoire Biométrie, Biologie Evolutive, Université de Lyon I, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France. Abstract. Restricted maximum likelihood was used to estimate genetic parameters of male and female wing and thorax ...

  7. Strain-induced modification of magnetic structure and new magnetic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. C Dufour1 K Dumesnil1 Ph Mangin2. Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux, Université H. Poincaré-Nancy I, BP 239, 54506 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cédex, France; Laboratoire Léon Brillouin, CEA Saclay, 91000 Gif sur Yvette Cédex, France ...

  8. Third parliamentary meetings about the energy '' France and Europe of the energy: new expectations, new markets''; Troisiemes rencontres parlementaires sur l'energie ''France et Europe de l'energie: nouvelles attentes, nouveaux marches''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Destot, M

    2000-07-01

    The colloquium began with a talk of Michel Destot about the energy policy in France, in comparison with the economic situation, the social solidarity and the durable development. The paper presents then the report of the three round tables conferences, in discussion form, giving the point of view of each participant. The discussed subjects are the new needs and offers of the France after the storm and the petroleum crisis, the Europe and the gas, the Europe and the electric power. (A.L.B.)

  9. L’influence à long terme du milieu social d’origine et du tabagisme des parents sur le tabagisme en France : les résultats de l’enquête Santé et protection sociale 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Tubeuf, Sandy; Jusot, Florence; Bricard, Damien

    2011-01-01

    Long term impact of social background and parental smoking on adult smoking in France: Results from the 2006 ESPS Survey Objective – To study the influence of social background and parental smoking on adult smoking. Methods – This study is based on a sample of 2,173 men and 3,083 women surveyed in the 2006 Health, Health Care and Insurance Survey (ESPS survey). Results – Adult smoking is strongly associated with father’s smoking and, among women, with mother’s smoking. The probability of bein...

  10. Impact de la forêt sur l’évolution des ressources en eau en moyenne montagne alpine depuis le milieu du XIXe siècle (massif de Chartreuse, France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Dumas

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Depuis la révolution industrielle, une grande partie des terres des espaces de moyenne montagne a été abandonnée au profit d’une extension de la couverture forestière. Or, la forêt intercepte et retient un pourcentage plus ou moins élevé des pluies sur son feuillage, diminuant du même coup la quantité d’eau réellement reçue par le sol. Le transfert de l’eau atmosphérique en une eau utilisable comme ressource a donc été progressivement modifié au cours de ces dernières décennies par la transformation progressive du paysage. Dans cette étude, conduite à l’échelle du massif de Chartreuse, la pluviométrie annuelle, le rôle de la forêt dans l’interception des pluies et l’extension de la forêt, sont appréciés tour à tour. L’impact de l’extension de la forêt depuis le milieu du XIXe siècle sur les quantités d’eau perdues pour l’écoulement et les réserves souterraines peut ainsi être évalué. Cette étude montre que, depuis le milieu du XIXe siècle, l’extension de la couverture forestière en Chartreuse aurait accru de presque 100 mm les pertes en eau par les processus d’interception. Et, sur cette même période, cette quantité d’eau perdue n’a pas été compensée par une hausse des précipitations. Au total, le bilan hydrologique a donc été notablement modifié, avec une quantité d’eau disponible pour l’écoulement, ou les réserves souterraines, plus réduite que celle définie traditionnellement à partir des uniques relevés météorologiques.

  11. Comments on the A. Aurengo document entitled 'the 2003 I.R.S.N. model of Chernobylsk accident fallout in France' - 18 december 2005; Commentaires sur le document d'A. Aurengo intitule 'Le modele IRSN 2003 des retombees de l'accident de Tchernobyl en France' - 18 decembre 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-01-15

    The present document brings the principal comments of I.R.S.N. on the analysis note of the 18. december 2005 treating the 2003 I.R.S.N. model on the Chernobylsk accident fallout in France, transmitted by Mister A. Aurengo. (N.C.)

  12. Report realized on the behalf of the Foreign Affairs Commission on the law project, adopted by the Senate, authorizing the added protocol ratification to the agreement between France, the European Atomic Energy Community and the International Atomic Energy Agency relative to the guaranties application in France; Rapport fait au nom de la Commission des Affaires Etrangeres sur le projet de Loi, adopte par le Senat, autorisant la ratification du protocole additionnel a l'accord entre la France, la Communaute europeenne de l'energie atomique et l'Agence internationale de l'energie atomique relatif a l'application de garanties en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-02-01

    This document presents the analyse of the law project, adopted by the Senate, authorizing the added protocol ratification to the agreement between France, the Atomic Energy European Community and the International Atomic Energy Agency relative to the guaranties application in France. It deals with the nuclear proliferation fight in France and the the program of enhancement of guaranties in the framework of the IAEA. (A.L.B.)

  13. Sur la présence de matières organiques mésocénozoïques dans des humus actuels (bassin de Chaillexon, Doubs, France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di-Giovanni, Christian; Disnar, Jean-Robert; Bichet, Vincent; Campy, Michel

    1998-04-01

    The optical analysis in the Chaillexon watershed (Doubs, France), of the present soils' humus layers' organic matter points out the contribution of Meso-Cenozoic organic matter in addition to the one produced by vegetal cover. Their relative occurrence varies in each layer: in the reverse of that of vegetal organic matter, the relative amount of Meso-Cenozoic organic matter increases according to the depth. That result shows that the total organic matter amounts in soils (and its evaluation) do not only depend on the net primary production and that geological formations have to be taken into account. Moreover, it suggests that present and past detrital supplies are concerned with 'old' organic matter incorporation.

  14. Évaluation de l’impact de la culture de colza sur la biodiversité aviaire en France : enjeux, méthodes, premiers résultats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sausse Christophe

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Indices based on common birds are suitable to represent biodiversity, and are now commonly used. Farmland birds’ indices in France and Europe show worrying trends. A diagnosis of the impact of oilseed crops raises methodological issues. Ecological studies usually establish statistical links between common birds and agriculture described by great types of farming systems. The specific case of landscapes with cereals cropping systems requires more precise descriptions. We carried out a study using national databases to assess the impact of land use at the scale of small agricultural regions. The importance of oilseed rape area was not a major determinant of birds’ indices, and the statistical models explained little of the observed variability. This suggests the diagnosis should take other factors into account, like management of the cropping systems and the landscape configuration. This exploratory study based on statistical correlations is complementary to analytical and accurate field studies more suitable to highlight causality effects.

  15. Quelques remarques sur le projet d’une Histoire sociale des langues de France et les problèmes qui se sont posés lors de son élaboration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kremnitz Georg

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Les conditions de la genèse du projet – les voies nouvelles que la liste Cerquiglini a ouvertes pour la sociolinguistique – et le collectif de chercheurs qui s’en occupe. Les motivations du collectif : rééquilibrer les relations entre production et réception linguistiques, donc un problème de la pratique de la recherche depuis la linguistique et comparative ; dénationaliser les histoires de la communication, donc rediscuter les idéologies implicites de la recherche ; repenser les différences entre histoire de la langue et grammaire historique. Les choix que le collectif a effectués : il a fallu privilégier les périodes moderne et contemporaine sans négliger les antécédents. Tout en partant de la liste Cerquiglini il a fallu la dépasser à certains points. Il était surtout important d’intégrer dans cette présentation également des langues qui ne figurent pas dans la liste tout en ayant joué un rôle considérable dans le passé, parfois en ce moment. Le but de l’effort est une présentation générale de l’histoire de la communication en France. Ceci permet également de prévoir certaines évolutions de la communication, en France comme ailleurs.

  16. Suez-Gaz de France merger, E.ON's public takeover bid on Endesa... The new energy fight; Fusion Suez-Gaz de France, OPA d'E.ON sur Endesa... La nouvelle bataille de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lepetit, V.; Rouaud, P.O.; Mairet, C

    2006-03-15

    The energy sector is in fever. In less than a week (February 21 to 26, 2006), the Europe of energy has fallen into a frenzy of mergers and acquisitions: the German E.ON offered 29.1 billion euros to get the Spanish Endesa, Electricite de France (EdF), who already got the Italian Edison in 2005, is ready for more major acquisitions, the Italian Enel is candidate for the repurchasing of Suez, while Gaz de France (GdF) and Suez have started a surprise merger. The stake of this match between giants is their growing up and the penetration of foreign markets before their complete liberalization in July 2007. The potential victims of these actions are the competition and the clients, the industrial ones first. (J.S.)

  17. Polydor France

    OpenAIRE

    Roig, Gérard

    1984-01-01

    Reconstituer le système de numérotation utilisé depuis leur origine par les marques de disques constitue une tâche probablement insurmontable, particulièrement lorsque l'on s'attaque à une " multinationale" dont la carrière commence hors de France. Et c'est le cas de la firme POLYDOR qui naquit en Allemagne et ne prit racine à Paris qu'à la fin des années 20...

  18. Parliamentary Office of technological and scientific choices evaluation. Document on the evaluation of climatic changes fullness, cause and foreseeable impacts on the France geography for 2025,2050 and 2100; Office parlementaire d'evaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques. Rapport sur l'evaluation de l'ampleur des changements climatiques, de leurs causes et de leur impact previsible sur la geographie de la France a l'horizon 2025, 2050 et 2100

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deneux, M.

    2002-07-01

    This comprehensive and detailed report illustrates the importance of the climatic change and the impacts on the agricultural, energetic, industrial and the transport activities, in France. The effects on the biodiversity and the people are also studied. It is presented in four main parts: the climatology where the author details the climate and the greenhouse effect; the origins and the consequences of the greenhouse effect gases and the aerosols; a socio-economical analysis of the climatic changes facing the human liabilities; solutions and stakes of these solutions. The second volume collects the sixty seven auditions of experts interviewed on the topic. It allows the reader a possible research to trump up its own opinion. (A.L.B.)

  19. Estimating biogenic contributions to secondary pollutants: formation at regional scale (Fosse Rhenan, France); Impact des emissions naturelles sur les episodes de pollution photochimique: application a la region du Fosse Rhenan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moukhtar, S.

    2005-02-15

    Biotic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) play a significant role in the formation and development of photochemical pollution events. In this context, the integration of biotic VOCs in the CHIMERE chemical transport model has been improved by the use of a double numerical and experimental approach. Field measurements have permitted to determine the flux of emissions of biotic VOCs from three tree species particularly abundant in France: Abies alba, Fagus sylvatica and Pseudotsuga menziesii. A database has been updated and used to estimate the annual VOC emissions by the French forestry system. A critical synthesis of the bibliography about the reactivity of biotic VOCs has led to the elaboration of a new chemical mechanism which has been implemented in the CHIMERE model. The results of this model have been compared to the observations available for the region of the Rhine through (Fosse Rhenan) characterized by strong biotic VOC emissions. These modifications does not change much the ozone concentrations but they have strong impacts on the modeling of peroxy-acetyl-nitrate (PAN) and formaldehyde concentrations. (J.S.)

  20. Working group results on the division by four of the greenhouse gases emissions in France, at 2050, called factor four; Les travaux du groupe de travail sur la division par quatre des emissions de gaz a effet de serre de la France, a l'horizon 2050, dit facteur 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This working group aims to evaluate and propose different ways to divide by four the greenhouse gases emissions at 2050 in France. This objective was decided by the Government and fixed in the Climate Plan and in the Program law of 13 July 2005. In this framework, this meeting presents studies of the working group, concerning the following topics: buildings and greenhouse gases, a scenario for the UE25 realized by Greenpeace, the agriculture and the forests facing the climate, the biomass the nature the agriculture and the silviculture facing the climate. (A.L.B.)

  1. Sur le fonctionnement d'un ouvrage de grande hydraulique antique, l'aqueduc de Nîmes et le pont du Gard (Languedoc, France)The hydraulic engineering of the ancient aqueduct of Nimes and the Pont du Gard (Languedoc, France).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bossy, Gonzague; Fabre, Guilhem; Glard, Yves; Joseph, Christian

    2000-06-01

    The aqueduct at Nimes is the best known of all the Gallo-Roman aqueducts in France. Interdisciplinary, permanent and recent research (topography, karstic hydrology, hydraulic modelling...) provides a new insight into its functioning. It was fed exclusively by the Eure karstic springs (Uzes, Gard) and the water passed through a channel with successive segmented reaches and horizontal banks. This made it possible to regulate the flow according to demand and to control it through small hydraulic structures directly connected to the channel. The maximum discharge ranged from 200 to 400 L·s -1.

  2. Liver-related deaths in HIV-infected patients between 1995 and 2010 in France: the Mortavic 2010 study in collaboration with the Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le SIDA (ANRS) EN 20 Mortalité 2010 survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenthal, E; Roussillon, C; Salmon-Céron, D; Georget, A; Hénard, S; Huleux, T; Gueit, I; Mortier, E; Costagliola, D; Morlat, P; Chêne, G; Cacoub, P

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the proportion of liver-related diseases (LRDs) as a cause of death in HIV-infected patients in France and to compare the results with data from our five previous surveys. In 2010, 24 clinical wards prospectively recorded all deaths occurring in around 26 000 HIV-infected patients who were regularly followed up. Results were compared with those of previous cross-sectional surveys conducted since 1995 using the same design. Among 230 reported deaths, 46 (20%) were related to AIDS and 30 (13%) to chronic liver diseases. Eighty per cent of patients who died from LRDs had chronic hepatitis C, 16.7% of them being coinfected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Among patients who died from an LRD, excessive alcohol consumption was reported in 41%. At death, 80% of patients had undetectable HIV viral load and the median CD4 cell count was 349 cells/μL. The proportion of deaths and the mortality rate attributable to LRDs significantly increased between 1995 and 2005 from 1.5% to 16.7% and from 1.2‰ to 2.0‰, respectively, whereas they tended to decrease in 2010 to 13% and 1.1‰, respectively. Among liver-related causes of death, the proportion represented by hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) dramatically increased from 5% in 1995 to 40% in 2010 (p = 0.019). The proportion of LRDs among causes of death in HIV-infected patients seems recently to have reached a plateau after a rapid increase during the decade 1995-2005. LRDs remain a leading cause of death in this population, mainly as a result of hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection, HCC representing almost half of liver-related causes of death. © 2014 British HIV Association.

  3. Considerations on the studies carried at I.R.S.N. for the estimation of Chernobylsk accident consequences in France; Reflexions sur les etudes menees a l'IRSN pour l'estimation des consequences de l'accident de Tchernobyl en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-15

    The present document that limits the consideration to the action of one stakeholder, I.R.S.N., answers very partly to the public questioning on the Chernobylsk crisis management in France. The documents allow nevertheless to emphasize: a gap between the society expectations and the public information possibilities of I.R.S.N. that in the eighties was in the Cea in charge of research and expertise and not in charge of radiation monitoring in environment; an effort of this Institute since the tenth anniversary of the disaster to begin a dialogue with the civil society especially by answering, from a succession of studies and works on the field, to the questioning on the impact of the disaster in France. It can be understood, at the reading of questions and answers received by the public organism of research and expertise that there is a link between this judgement by the public opinion of the part played by the Institute in the crisis management and the evolutions that have been decided by the Public Authorities relative to the status and the place of I.P.S.N. (Institute of nuclear protection and safety) and O.P.R.I. (Organism of protection against ionizing radiation) in the system of nuclear control (first self government then independence). (N.C.)

  4. Les ouvrières à domicile en France, de la fin du XIXe siècle à la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Genèse et application de la loi de 1915 sur le salaire minimum dans l’industrie du vêtement, thèse d’histoire contemporaine sous la direction de Christine Bard, Université d’Angers, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colette Avrane

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Le 10 juillet 1915, le Parlement vote à l’unanimité une « Loi sur le salaire minimum des ouvrières à domicile dans l’industrie du vêtement ». C’est la première fois, en France, qu’une loi s’applique aux salaires et à une catégorie de travailleuses qui n’a jamais été touchée par les lois sociales précédentes, les ouvrières à domicile. Particulièrement nombreuses à la fin du XIXe siècle, elles sont très mal payées et travaillent dans de mauvaises conditions. Les nombreuses tentatives pour améli...

  5. Nuclear safety in France after Fukushima - Critical analysis of complementary safety assessments (CSA) carried out on French nuclear installations after Fukushima; Surete nucleaire en France post-Fukushima: Analyse critique des evaluations complementaires de surete (ECS) menees sur les installations nucleaires francaises apres Fukushima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Makhijani, Arjun [Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, 6935 Laurel Avenue, Suite 201 Takoma Park, MD 20912-4413 (United States); Marignac, Yves [World Information Service on Energy - WISE, 31-33 rue de la Colonie, 75013 Paris (France)

    2012-02-15

    This report proposes a critical analysis of the approach carried out on the basis of the CSA (complementary safety assessment), from their specifications to the IRSN conclusions. It is notably based on the analysis performed by EDF on three nuclear sites (Gravelines, Civaux and Flamanville) which encompass the different levels of the nuclear power plants in France and the EPR project under construction, and on the analysis performed by Areva for La Hague reprocessing plants. Due to the short delay, only some sites and some problems have been considered. The CSA methodology is described. The EDF approach is discussed as well as the IRSN analysis of reports made by EDF, and then the different case studies. Beyond the conclusions of these reports, the authors highlight several major possible accidents which must be taken into account. They also outline that this CSA approach is a good starting point for the strengthening of nuclear safety

  6. ONERC. Observatoire National sur les Effets du Rechauffement Climatique (National Observatory of Climate warming effects). Report to the Prime Minister and to Parliament. Climate changes and public health risks in France; Changements climatiques et risques sanitaires en France. Rapport au Premier Ministre et au Parlement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    After having recalled the climate change context and the activities of the ONERC (the French National Observatory of Climate Warming Effects) since its previous report, this report gathers several contributions by as many scientists. They propose analysis, comments and discussions on various topics: human diseases which might be influenced by climate change in France (heat waves and allergies, emergence of animal and human diseases, potential impacts of climate change on vector-borne diseases, infectious diseases in overseas territories, public health consequences), surveillance and health alert systems (infectious disease national surveillance and monitoring network, emergency response, satellite imagery, public health and risk management, lessons learned from the chikungunya pandemic), public health and risk management (overview of international works on the relationship between climate change and public health, public health consequences of climate change)

  7. Histoire de la France féodale

    OpenAIRE

    Barthélemy, Dominique

    2009-01-01

    Programme de l’année 2013-2014 : I. Nobles, serfs et moines dans les cartulaires de la France de l’Ouest (XIe et XIIe siècles). — II. Nouvelles enquêtes sur la chevalerie et la justice.

  8. National inventory report for France under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol - CCNUCC, March 2011; Rapport national d'inventaire pour la France au titre de la convention cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques et du protocole de Kyoto - CCNUCC, Mars 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Jean-Pierre; Fontelle, Jean-Pierre; Nicco, Laetitia; Andre, Jean-Marc; Deflorenne, Emmanuel; Druart, Ariane; Gueguen, Celine; Jabot, Julien; Jacquier, Guillaume; Joya, Romain; Martinet, Yann; Mathias, Etienne; Prouteau, Emilie; Serveau, Laetitia; Vincent, Julien; Allemand, Nadine; Bastide, Aurelie; Gavel, Antoine; Kessouar, Sabrina; Tuddenham, Mark [CITEPA, 7 Cite Paradis, 75010 Paris (France); Millard, Frederique; MArtineaud, Helene; MILLION, Aurelien; Nikov, Dimitar [Ministere de l' ecologie, du Developpement durable, des Transports et du Logement - MEDDTL, Direction generale de l' energie et du climat - DGEC, Grande Arche, Tour Pascal A et B, 92055 La Defense Cedex (France); Guittet, Olivier [CCDC Climat, 47, rue de la Victoire, 75009 Paris (France)

    2011-03-15

    This national inventory report supplies emission data for France within the period 1990-2009, concerning all the substances that contribute to enhancing the greenhouse effect, required under: the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the second year of commitment to the Kyoto Protocol (2008-2012). The substances covered are the direct greenhouse gases comprising the Kyoto Protocol 'basket of six': carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), methane (CH{sub 4}), nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O), the two species of halogenous substances, hydro-fluorocarbons (HFCs) and per-fluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}). Emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), non methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), and carbon monoxide (CO), have also to be reported by the Parties under the Convention. For the period 1990-2008 as a whole, estimates provided in the previous inventories have been reviewed and corrected to take into account updated statistics, improved knowledge, possible changes in methodology and specifications contained in the guidelines (FCCC/SBSTA/2006/9), as defined by the UNFCCC. Several changes have been added to take into account the remarks of the reviews of UNFCCC. Although significant continuous progress has been achieved in terms of the sources covered and the quality of estimates, considerable uncertainties remain concerning emissions. A table indicating uncertainties based on current knowledge has been included. Future reviews of these data are always possible, if not probable, to take into account both changes in methodology and work underway at international level with a view to improving knowledge and rules on compiling and presenting emissions. This report also includes the supplementary information required under Article 7, paragraph 1, and Article 3, paragraph 14 of the Kyoto Protocol. Emissions of the six gases that directly contribute to the greenhouse effect are expressed in terms of

  9. adaptation et selection de varietes performantes de riz pluvi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROJET SOJA

    ... Laboratoire Mixte CNRS-CEA,. 91198, Domaine du CNRS, Gif sur Yvette cedex, France. (Reçu le 16 Mars 2005, accepté le 02 Août 2005) ... samples have been collected in Moroccan regions characterized by various geology, different socio-economical activities. The obtained results have allow us to establish general ...

  10. Commentary: Stephen Jay Gould (1941–2002)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , Bat 13-BP1, CNRS, 91198 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, France. Journal of Biosciences. Current Issue : Vol. 42, Issue 3 · Current Issue Volume 42 | Issue 3. September 2017. Home · Volumes & Issues · Special Issues · Forthcoming Articles · Gallery ...

  11. A five-dimensional model of varying fine structure constant

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A five-dimensional model of varying fine structure constant. J P MBELEK. Service d'Astrophysique, C.E. Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France. Abstract. The cosmological variation of the fine structure constant « is explored from an effective theory, under the form of an improved version of the 5D Kaluza-Klein theory.

  12. Functional Anatomy of Gerstmann Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    J Gordon Millichap

    2010-01-01

    Structural and functional neuroimaging was used to examine a common denominator for the clinical triad of Gerstmann syndrome (a selective association of acalculia, finger agnosia, left-right disorientation, and agraphia) in a study at centers in Gif-sur-Yvette and Orsay, France; and University College, London, UK.

  13. Adaptation to different climates results in divergent phenotypic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Departamento de Gen´etica, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21944-970, Brazil; Laboratoire Evolution, Génome, Spéciation, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France et Université Paris Sud 11, 91405 Orsay cédex, UMR5202 ...

  14. Desert Emergency - Lack of Water - How to Find and Collect Water. Plants and Human Survival in the Desert.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-10-01

    Observations on the Secondary Succession of Three Plant Communities in the Negev Desert, Israel. 1. Atemeisietum herbae albae. In: Etudes de Biologie ... Vegetale - Hommage au Prof. P. Chouard. R. Jacques ed., CNRS (Gif sur Yvette), Paris, France, pp. 57-86. 3. Evenari, M., L. Shanan and N. Tadmor, 1982: The

  15. Multiparticle azimuthal correlations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. N Borghini1 P M Dinh2 J-Y Ollitrault2. Service de Physique Théorique, CP225, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Brussels, Belgium; Service de Physique Théorique, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France ...

  16. Chemotherapy and Biochemistry of Leishmania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-01

    Naturelles , C.N.R.S., Gif-sur-Yvettes France. Aphidicolin was supplied by A.H. Todd of Imperial Chemical Industries, England. All other chemicals were of...carcinogens and mutagens with the Salmonella/mammalian-microsone mutagenicity test. Mutation Res. U1:347-364. 2. Bachrach# U., L.F. SchnurD J. El-On

  17. Les escamots d´aide sur cédéroms sont-ils bien perçus par les apprenants de langue étrangère ? Enquête préliminaire en France, en Angleterre et au Japon How do students perceive help pop-up windows in language learning software? A preliminary survey in France, England and Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Detey

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Pour ceux qui s'intéressent aux outils multimédiatisés d'apprentissage, les menus en escamot (c'est-à-dire ceux qui n'apparaissent qu'à la demande de l'utilisateur se présentent comme des dispositifs particulièrement spécifiques aux documents électroniques, relevant à la fois de l'hypertextualité et de l'interactivité. Encore peu d'études, notamment dans le domaine francophone, ont examiné l'influence de ces outils sur l'apprentissage des langues, même si certains résultats d'ordre ergonomique commencent à prendre assise. Dans les cédéroms d'apprentissage de langue étrangère, les escamots sont essentiellement des escamots d'aide, destinés à assister l'apprenant dans la réalisation de tâches d'apprentissage ou de navigation. En ce sens, l'appréciation subjective de ces outils par les apprenants constitue un facteur non négligeable dans le processus d'utilisation du didacticiel. Après avoir examiné la littérature concernée, nous avons donc réalisé une première enquête préliminaire, en favorisant l'aspect quantitatif, avec un échantillon d'apprenants vaste et non homogène. Les résultats de cette enquête semblent indiquer que les apprenants perçoivent effectivement et plutôt positivement ces escamots, ce qui invite à mettre en place une étude précise, destinée à observer si l'utilisation et le bénéfice effectifs de ces dispositifs correspondent ou non à cette perception.When we look into multimedia language tools, we observe that pop-up windows (i.e. those which appear and disappear according to the learner's needs stand out as specific electronic ploys, pertaining both to hypertext and interactivity. Still, only a few studies seem to have examined in detail the influence of these tools on language learning. This is particularly true for the French-speaking research field, even though recently more and more data have been gathered. In language learning software, most of these pop-up menus are help

  18. Roudet Bernard (dir.). Les jeunes en France

    OpenAIRE

    Eloy, Florence

    2011-01-01

    Cet ouvrage dirigé par Bernard Roudet synthétise les résultats de recherches récentes en sociologie de la jeunesse en France, conformément au principe de la collection « Regard sur la jeunesse du monde » des presses de l’Université Laval. Bernard Roudet y propose une analyse des grandes mutations de la société française depuis la Libération à travers une mise en perspective historique des travaux sur la jeunesse. Cette question est ensuite déclinée sous l’angle de la condition étudiante (par ...

  19. lAhoratoire Arago, Banyuls-sur-mer, France

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Gaboon, the frog Aub,iD subsigillata. at least at certain periods of the ~,eats fishes of the genus. Epiplatys. The fish are caught when they jump out ofthc water to escape their aquatic predators, or to look for different surroundings. The African ranid genus Aubria Boulenger is represented by a single species, A. suhsigillata.

  20. Reading American Fat in France : Obesity and Food Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Knowlton – Le Roux

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the least flattering images that America is now associated with in France and in other European countries is a ballooning stomach. Pictures of overweight American children and adults are regularly used in French TV news, shows and in the print media. Every campaign against obesity in the land of gourmandise cites the latest statistics on the overweight population in the United States. “Obésité: la France sur la voie des Etats-Unis,” warned Le Monde in the headline of its two-page sprea...

  1. Results of the working group on the division by four of greenhouse gases emissions in France, at the horizon of 2050, called ''factor 4''. DGEMP- Observatory of the energy; Les travaux du groupe de travail sur la division par quatre des emissions de gaz a effet de serre de la france, a l'horizon 2050, dit ''facteur 4''. DGEMP-Observatoire de l'Energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This group, created by the french Government in march 2005, aims to evaluate the different possibilities to reach the objective of division by four the greenhouse gases emissions. This document presents some recalls on the climatic change and the situation today, the positions of the France and the foreign and the conclusions and the recommendations of the group. (A.L.B.)

  2. Organic Thin Films for Photonics Applications. Volume 14

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    Marguerite Barzoukas, Institut de Physique et de Chimie des Materiaux de Strasbourg, France; Valerie Alain, Mircillc Blanchard-Desce, Ecole Normale...glvt.cnrs.fr (2) LETI (CEA - Technologies Avancees) DEIN I SPE, Groupe Composants Organiques , CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France Recently...Fort, Jacques Müller, Joel Azoulay, Marguerite Barzoukas Institut de Physique et de Chimie des Materiaux de Strasbourg, Groupe d’Optique

  3. N.3663 report realized for the Foreign Affairs Commission on the law project n. 3274, authorizing the approbation of the agreement between France and United States of Mexico on the mechanism of clean development in the framework of the Kyoto protocol; N. 3663 rapport fait au nom de la Commission des Affaires Etrangeres sur le projet de loi n. 3274, autorisant l'approbation de l'accord entre la France et les Etats-Unis du Mexique sur le mecanisme de developpement propre dans le cadre du protocole de Kyoto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-02-15

    The clean development mechanism is one of the Kyoto protocol flexible mechanisms. It is intended to allow industrialized countries to offset their greenhouse gas reduction targets by funding projects in developing countries that lead to reduced emissions. In this framework, this law project aims to favor the cooperation between France and Mexico. The first part presents the advantages of the Kyoto protocol ane second part is devoted to the bilateral cooperation. (A.L.B.)

  4. France at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    From 19 to 22 June, for the 8th edition of France at CERN, 31 French companies presented their latest technology to the Laboratory. Demonstrating the latest in French technology during France at CERN. The France at CERN exhibition was inaugurated by Mr. Bernard Frois, Director of the Department Energy, Transport, Environment and Natural Resources at the Technology Directorate of the Ministry of Research. 'France is happy to be a Member of CERN, which is a successful example of the construction of scientific Europe,' he declared during the inauguration, 'this exhibition is an excellent opportunity to put fundamental research and advanced technology in contact.' Mr. Philippe Petit, French Ambassador to Switzerland, and Mr. Alexandre Defay, technical adviser of the Minister of Research, were also present to represent France and its industry. Representing CERN at the 19 June opening of the exhibition was Claude Detraz, who said, 'I hope that this exhibition will make it possible to weave stronger links between ...

  5. France at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    Rolf Heuer, CERN Director General, visits the exhibition "La France au CERN". The exhibition France at CERN, organized by UBIFRANCE in collaboration with CERN's GS/SEM (Site Engineering and Management) service, took place from Monday 7 to Wednesday 9 June in the Main Building. The 36 French firms taking part came to present their products and technologies related to the Organization's activities. The next exhibition will be "Netherlands at CERN" in November.

  6. LA MISE EN OEUVRE DE LA METHODE ABC/ABM AU CANADA, EN FRANCE ET AU JAPON. ETUDE COMPARATIVE

    OpenAIRE

    Bescos, Pierre-Laurent; Cauvin, Eric; Gosselin, Maurice; Yoshikawa, Takeo

    2001-01-01

    International audience; Cette communication a pour but d'analyser les résultats d'une enquête internationale sur la mise en oeuvre de la méthode ABC/ABM conduite au Canada, en France et au Japon.. En ce qui concerne la France, nous avons obtenu 111 réponses aux questionnaires envoyés par l'intermédiaire de la DFCG. Sur cet ensemble, 20% des entreprises ont mis en place la méthode et 32% ont un projet en cours ou ont entamé une réflexion sur le sujet. Cette enquête est la première du genre sur...

  7. Meeting of October 20, 2005 of the working group about the division by 4 of greenhouse gas emissions of France at the 2050 prospects, named 'factor 4'; Reunion du 20 octobre 2005 du groupe de travail sur la division par quatre des emissions de gaz a effet de serre de la France, a l'horizon 2050, dit 'facteur 4'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document gathers 4 presentations given at this meeting of the 'Factor 4' working group: the first presentation (C. Parent) presents the 2050 prospective of transports demand and the transport offer variables (world context, specific European actions, French context and taxation, impact of the different scenarios on road traffic, energy consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions). The second presentation (P. Aussourd) treats of the energy approaches of the transport prospective for 2050 (definition of 4 scenarios, global consequences in terms of fiscal income, energy consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions, lessons gained, possibility of an incremental scenario with chargeable hybrid vehicles, use of short crises for a long-term action in the change of life styles). The third presentation (R. Lavergne) deals with the energy prospective for the energy demand in France at the 2050 prospects (definition of a reference scenario, sectoral analysis, main hypotheses, critical points). The last presentation (H. Prevot) explains how it is possible for France to divide by 2 or 3 the CO{sub 2} emissions with keeping the same energy consumption as for the year 2000 (optimum combination of energy sources, use of biomass and solar space heating, power generation by nuclear energy, coal with CO{sub 2} sequestration and wind energy, evolution of fuel prices, role of the public action and of the government, convincing the decision makers). (J.S.)

  8. Les jeunes sur Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Gallez, Sarah; Lobet-Maris, Claire

    2013-01-01

    Basée sur une approche ethnographique, cet article présente une typologie originale de profils types de jeunes (12-18 ans) concernant leurs pratiques sociales d’Internet. Cette typologie a été construite au terme d‘un suivi de près d'une année d’un panel de jeunes comprenant des observations participantes, des entretiens en face à face et en ligne et des journaux de bord. Cette typologie, recouvrant divers régimes de signification que revêt Internet pour les jeunes, tend à démontrer que la to...

  9. 30 July 2012 - Prime Minister of France, Mr. Jean-Marc Ayrault, visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximillien Brice

    2012-01-01

    Ligne d'accueil: Directeur général, R. Heuer présente: Directeur S. Myers, Chef des Relations internationales F. Pauss et Chefs de Département P. Bloch et A.-S. Catherin ; Représentants du CEA et du CNRS des 4 experiences LHC : J.-L. Faure, L. Fayard, C. Guyot, M.-H. Schune, Y. Schutz, Y. Sirois, Protocole CERN S. Molinari. Les autorités locales saluent le Premier ministre: M. Christophe Bouvier, maire de Cessy, M. Rachel Mazuir, sénateur de l'Ain, président du CG01, M. Etienne Blanc, député de l'Ain, maire de Divonne les Bains, et Mme Yvette Brachet, conseillère régionale représentant M. Jean-Jack Queyranne, président du CR Rhône Alpes. CERN-GE-1207163 32: dans le tunnel du LHC au Point 5: R. Garoby, Chef adjoint du département Faisceaux P. Lebrunm, Attaché à la Direction P. Bloch, Chef du département Physique J. Bertrand, (représente Alain Fuchs),CNRS Y. Sirois, Collaboration CMS, Responsable pour la France, Directeur de Recherche au CNRS, LLR Ecole Polytechnique J.-Y. Le Deaut, Dépu...

  10. Meeting of November 10, 2005 of the working group about the division by 4 of greenhouse gas emissions of France at the 2050 prospects, named 'factor 4'; Reunion du 10 novembre 2005 du groupe de travail sur la division par quatre des emissions de gaz a effet de serre de la France, a l'horizon 2050, dit 'facteur 4'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document gathers 3 presentations given at this meeting of the 'factor 4' working group: the first presentation (P. Radanne) defines the bases of the problem of abatement of greenhouse gases emissions (economic growth, energy consumption in France, CO{sub 2} emissions, sectoral analysis of solutions (residential, industry, transports), development of renewable energy sources, economical mechanisms). The second presentation (T. Salomon) gives the vision of the Negawatt association of what should be an efficient energy policy: better consuming thanks to energy savings and to a better energy efficiency, and development of renewable energy sources. An illustration of an efficient urban energy and environmental policy is given with the example of Freiburg-um-Brisgau city (Germany). The third presentation (J. Sivardiere) analyses the positive impact of modal transfers in the transportation sector (change of habits) and the need for strong incentives (taxes) to reach this goal. (J.S.)

  11. Claudie Haignere a presente le lundi 5 mai 2003 la candidature de la France a l'implantation d'ITER a Philippe Busquin, commissaire europeen a la Recherche

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Claudie Haignere a precise les assurances et les engagements de la France, notamment sur le plan financier, en rappelant les montants sur lesquels les collectivites locales se sont deja engagees par des votes, a la hauteur de 447 M d'euros.

  12. VISAS FOR FRANCE

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2002-01-01

    1. Definition of a visa A visa is an administrative document required by the nationals of certain countries to cross a border. The visas referred to in this article ('consular visas') are issued to people who do not live in France (not to be confused with 'exit and/or re-entry visas' issued to people living in France; cf. communiqué of 26 May 1998, ref. CERN/DSU-DO/RH/8283). 2. Types of visa The numerous types of visa include, in particular: short-stay visas, which allow their holders to enter France for a continuous or non-continuous period not exceeding three months in any six; long-stay visas, which are required by those applying for a residence document (Carte spéciale issued by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Carte de séjour issued by a Préfecture). 3. Visa requirement 3.1 General rule In France, the requirement to obtain a visa varies, in particular, according to nationality and the length of stay. To put it simply, three different situations can...

  13. Industrial Psychology in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Montmollin, Maurice

    1977-01-01

    The current status of French industrial psychology is evaluated. Within the social and economic context of contemporary France, varying ideologies and scarce resources have created a gap between applied and academic industrial psychology. Personnel practices and systems and organizational research are noted. (Editor)

  14. CORRUPTION IN FRANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natasha Georgieva Hadji Krsteski

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In accordance with the research conducted by Transparency International, in the period from 2009 until 2012, it is found that this European country did not undergo drastic changes during this period, when it comes to its ranking. According to this research, France belongs to the countries that undertake appropriate measures for the fight against corruption – and it is at a satisfactory level in modern conditions, even in well-developed countries. Corruption in France rests on three major authorities: the Financial Intelligence Unit, the Central Service for the Prevention of Corruption (SCPC and the Central Brigade for the Fight against Corruption (BCLC. As a result of the good institutional cooperation, France is prepared to prevent corruption in the state authorities. The international community disposes of data that refer to the detrimental and difficult consequences caused by corruption. Such findings led to two key issues – prevention of corruption and fight against corruption, not only in France, but in other countries as well. In order to overcome this large-scale problem, many international documents have been adopted, ratified by the Republic of Macedonia.

  15. [Nurse prescribing in France].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brissy, Stéphane

    2016-10-01

    While the ability to prescribe has long remained outside the scope of nursing practice in France, successive changes to legislation have resulted in the real activities of nurses in this field to be taken into account. This constitutes an evolution in the nursing profession from a legal perspective. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  16. [Psychosocial rehabilitation in France].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidon, Gilles

    2015-01-01

    For a long time in France, readaptation and reinsertion have been considered separately. While readaptation focuses on the way the patient "adapts again", reintegration looks at the place of the readaptation, the society or the group. Today, psychosocial rehabilitation encompasses both of these notions by taking into account the medical and social aspects. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. Electricite de France`s ALARA policy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stricker, L. [EDF - DEPT, Paris la Defense (France); Rollin, P. [EDF Radioprotection Committee, Paris (France)

    1995-03-01

    In 1992, Electricite de France - EDF decided to improve the degree to which radiological protection is incorporated in overall management of the utility and set itself the objective of ensuring the same level of protection for workers from contractors as for those from EDF. This decision was taken in a context marked by a deterioration in exposure figures for French plants and by the new recommendations issued by the ICRP. This document describes the policy adopted by EDF at both corporate and plant level to meet these objectives, by: (1) setting up management systems which were responsive but not cumbersome; (2) a broad policy of motivation; (3) the development and use of suitable tools. The document then describes some quite positive results of EDF`s ALARA policy, giving concrete examples and analyzing the changes in global indicators.

  18. Foire aux questions sur la bourse Regard canadien sur le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC CRDI

    Pour ce qui est de la bourse Regard canadien sur le développement international, il y a deux catégories. La première catégorie est destinée à des étudiants du niveau du doctorat intéressés à exécuter des recherches sur les liens existant entre les politiques du Canada en matière d'aide internationale, de commerce ...

  19. Bourgs-centres et petites villes en France

    OpenAIRE

    Jousseaume, Valérie; Talandier, Magali

    2016-01-01

    Notre contribution est une réflexion méthodologique sur la base de l’armature urbaine française. À partir de repères bibliographiques, cet article se propose de définir les différents niveaux urbains, d’extraire de façon hypothético-déductive les indicateurs fonctionnels pertinents pour les identifier. Notre démarche consiste à généraliser, à l’échelle de la France métropolitaine, une méthode mise au point pour l’Ouest de la France dans le cadre du programme de recherche de l’UMR ESO, appelé ...

  20. France - Algérie, le temps du renouveau

    OpenAIRE

    Akkouche, Mouloud; Bensignor, François; Boulay, Philip; Cheniki, Ahmed; du Mazaubrun, Hélène; Goudal, Émilie; Harchi, Kaoutar; Harzoune, Mustapha; Harzoune, Mustapha; Harzoune, Mustapha; Harzoune, Mustapha; Harzoune, Mustapha; Harzoune, Mustapha; Harzoune, Mustapha; Itela, Albertine M.

    2013-01-01

    Ce dossier poursuit l'analyse des migrations comme moteur des relations entre l'Algérie et la France mais en les interrogeant cette fois du point de vue de la société d'origine.Il analyse la manière dont l'Algérie perçoit cette émigration depuis son indépendance, les relations que les familles et les communautés villageoises entretiennent avec ceux et celles partis en France et les conséquences de l'émigration sur la société algérienne. This file pursues the analysis of the migrations as the...

  1. Spin lattice coupling in multiferroic hexagonal YMnO 3

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Sylvain Petit1 Stéphane Pailhès1 Xavier Fabrèges1 Martine Hennion1 Fernande Moussa1 Loreynne Pinsard2 Louis-Pierre Regnault3 Alexander Ivanov3. LLB, CEA-CNRS (UMR 12), CE-Saclay F-91190 Gif sur Yvette, France; Laboratoire de Chimie des Solides, URA 446 CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, ...

  2. Hemovigilance in France

    OpenAIRE

    Hervé, Patrick; Floris, Marie-Françoise L. des; Rebibo, Danielle; Morei, Pascal; Andreu, Georges

    2000-01-01

    In this work the organization of the hemovigilance system in France, the alert system related to undesirable transfusion effects and the search for seropositive blood donors is discussed. No relato são apresentados aspectos da organização da hemovigilância na França, o sistema de alerta relacionado com reações transfusionais indesejáveis e a busca de receptores sorologicamente positivos.

  3. Le Journal en Français Facile de Radio France Internationale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cet article est basé sur une évaluation de la compréhension orale des apprenants Nigérians du FLE, de deux éditions du « Journal en Français Facile » présentées sur les antennes de Radio France Internationale (RFI). Les deux éditions du journal ont été enregistrées et soumises à l'écoute des apprenants de niveau ...

  4. Taxation in France

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2016-01-01

    Information regarding income tax in France. Request for additional information: social security number and personal details.   Some members of the personnel living in France have received a letter from the French tax authorities accompanied by a form, to be returned by 31 March 2016 at the latest, asking them to indicate their social security number and to confirm their personal details. As employed members of the CERN personnel are members of the Organization’s own health insurance scheme and do not participate in the French social security system, we recommend that you tick the box indicating that you do not have a social security number. We also advise you to specify in writing that, as an employed member of the CERN personnel, you do not participate in the French social security system especially by virtue of the 1970 agreement on social security between France and CERN: “Je ne suis pas soumis(e), en tant que fonctionnaire du CERN, à la sécurit&...

  5. Vers un Nouvel Atlas Linguistique de la France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hall Damien

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Cet article et cette communication décrivent un projet de dialectologie qui a pour but de produire une étude phonétique – phonologique des accents urbains dans le français du nord de la France. Le projet s’intitule en anglais « Towards A New Linguistic Atlas of France » (TANLAF, ce qui peut se traduire « Vers un Nouvel Atlas Linguistique de la France ». Des projets semblables n’étant habituels ni en dialectologie ni en sociolinguistique françaises, nous commencerons par un compte-rendu des raisons du projet: nous ciblons une description de la variation phonétique et phonologique en français moderne, non pas dans les variétés traditionnelles de la France. Le projet représente donc un départ des objectifs de la dialectologie française traditionnelle. Nous ferons par la suite une description de la méthodologie du projet, qui est labovien: il cible la langue des jeunes des «classes moyennes » dans les villes. Quand même, nous espérons que cela va sans dire que nous ne souhaitons d’aucune façon supplanter la dialectologie française traditionnelle – loin de là; nous souhaitons ajouter un aspect à nos connaissances de la variation linguistique en France. Nous terminerons donc par un appel aux suggestions de la part de la communauté des linguistes qui travaillent sur le français et la France.

  6. 2015-2016 Rapports sur les frais de voyage et d'accueil pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ruxandra Staicu

    Réunion COP21. Date(s):. 2015-11-30 à 2015-12-07. Destination(s):. Paris, France. Billet d'avion: 6 339.00 $. Frais de transport au sol ou autrement: 449.22 $. Frais de logement: 1 641.66 $. Repas et frais divers: 1 322.69 $. Autre frais: 0.00 $. Total: 9 752.57 $. Commentaires: 2015-2016 Rapports sur les frais de voyage et.

  7. Inventory of atmospheric pollutant emissions in France under the Convention on long-distance transfrontier atmospheric pollution and the European directive on national emission ceilings (NEC) - CEE-NU/NFR and NEC, March 2011; Inventaire des emissions de polluants atmospheriques en France au titre de la convention sur la pollution atmospherique transfrontaliere a longue distance et de la directive Europeenne relative aux plafonds d'emissions nationaux (NEC) - CEE-NU/NFR et NEC, mars 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mathias, Etienne; Chang, Jean-Pierre; Fontelle, Jean-Pierre; Allemand, Nadine; Jacquier, Guillaume; Andre, Jean-Marc; Joya, Romain; Deflorenne, Emmanuel; Martinet, Yann; Druart, Ariane; Nicco, Laetitia; Gavel, Antoine; Prouteau, Emilie; Gueguen, Celine; Serveau, Laetitia; Jabot, Julien; Vincent, Julien

    2011-03-15

    This report supplies emissions data, for France, concerning all the substances covered by the different protocols adopted under the Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP), under the aegis of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and by the directive on national emission ceilings (NEC). The substances covered are sulphur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), ammonia (NH{sub 3}), carbon monoxide (CO), total suspended particles (TSP), fine particles (PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5}), heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Se, Zn) and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as dioxins and furans (PCDD/F), specified polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) compounds (BaP, BbF, BkF, IndPy), polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) and hexa-chlorobenzene (HCB). Parties to the Convention have to report emissions of these substances annually. Since the edition of march 2010, results are reported in the format UNECE/NFR in accordance with the new specifications set out in the guidelines (ECE/EB.AIR/97 adopted in December 2008) defined by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. The results are presented at the national level of aggregation with the NFR nomenclature using 6 sectors and 109 sub-sectors. Conversely, the nomenclature used in the national inventory system to conduct inventories is the CORINAIR/ SNAP 97c nomenclature. A table of correspondence NFR/SNAP 97c is included in this report (cf. annex 10). For the entire period (going back as far as 1980) concerning each substance, estimates provided in the previous inventories have been reviewed and corrected to take into account updated statistics, improved knowledge and possible changes in methodology. Emission trends between the reference year and 2009 show a decline for most substances: - a very sharp decrease (at least 50%) for hexachlorobenzene (99%), lead (98%), dioxins and furans (95%), chromium (94%), zinc (92

  8. Enjeux de territoires sur une frontière méconnue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Grenand

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available « J’ai travaillé dans le temps sur le chantier d’un pont sur le Zambèze. Je me suis toujours demandé pourquoi ils avaient décidé de faire un pont à cet endroit : c’est la même chose sur les deux rives… ». Humphrey Bogart, in African Queen, de John Huston, 1951.Il y a encore quatre décennies, la Guyane ignorait superbement qu’elle eût un voisin nommé Brésil. Une frontière en commun ? Et même la plus longue frontière terrestre de la France ? Les deux seules librairies du département ne proposai...

  9. Compte rendu de Viala (Alain, La France galante. Essai historique sur une catégorie culturelle, de ses origines jusqu’à la révolution, Paris, PUF, coll. « Les Littéraires », 2008, 541 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre De Craim

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Alain Viala, professeur à l’Université d’Oxford, a constaté que le concept de galanterie est souvent mobilisé lorsqu’il s’agit d’évoquer la France ou les Français. Cette association d’idée l’a alors conduit à étudier, au-delà du lieu commun, comment un certain modèle galant s’est construit, a prospéré et enfin a décliné tout au long des xviie et xviiie siècles. Pour y parvenir, l’auteur se propose une méthode : l’exploration des œuvres picturales, musicales et littéraires revendiquées comme g...

  10. L’expérience française de l’évaluation technologique interactive des recherches sur les vignes transgéniques

    OpenAIRE

    Bertrand, Anne; Joly, Pierre-Benoit; Marris, Claire

    2015-01-01

    Dans cet article, les auteurs présentent une réflexion sur les jugements de légitimité de l’organisation de la démocratie participative en relatant l’expérience originale qu’ils ont conduite en 2001 et 2002 en France, dans le domaine de la recherche agronomique. Mise sur pied par l’un des trois grands organismes publics de recherche nationaux (l’INRA) qui souhaitait ouvrir la délibération sur sa recherche à des acteurs extérieurs, cette expérience pilote de coconstruction d’un programme de re...

  11. Decree no. 2010-402 from April 23, 2010, giving permission to Electricite de France to create, on the territory of the town of Saint-Vulbas (Ain, France), a basic nuclear facility named activated waste conditioning and storage facility (ICEDA); Decret no. 2010-402 du 23 avril 2010 autorisant Electricite de France a creer, sur le territoire de la commune de Saint-Vulbas (departement de l'Ain), une installation nucleaire de base denommee Installation de conditionnement et d'entreposage de dechets actives (ICEDA)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    The purpose of the nuclear facility named 'activated waste conditioning and storage facility' (ICEDA) is to process and store the wastes generated by the dismantlement of the Creys-Malville nuclear power plant (Superphenix reactor), and those generated by the exploitation, maintenance and modification of the PWR power plants of Electricite de France (EdF). The facility comprises a reception/evacuation hall, a processing unit, a waste storage building, an effluent treatment plant and some annexe buildings with offices and technical workshops. Wastes are of 3 type: medium activity/long living, low to medium activity/short living, and low activity/long living. The facility ensures the storage of the Chooz A power plant source rods as well. This decree defines the specifications of the facility in the following domains: confinement of radioactive or toxic compounds, protection against internal and external risks (fire hazards, explosions, earthquakes, other environmental risks), exploitation of the facility, management of liquid and gaseous effluents and other wastes generated by the facility. (J.S.)

  12. Un regard sur le quotidien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Zuppinger

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Sur la base d’une situation particulière tirée d’une expérience de terrain récente, cette contribution cherche à montrer comment l’observation participante peut, dans le quotidien d’une enquête sur les stratégies foncières des habitants d’un quartier périphérique de Ouagadougou, être porteuse d’ambiguïté et de distance en fonction du changement de statut de l’enquêteur. Et comment cette distance implique de considérer une méthodologie basée sur un empirisme «instruit» pour reprendre le terme de O. Schwartz.

  13. Report realized on behalf of the Foreign Affairs Commission, of Defense and Armed Forces on the law project allowing the additional protocol ratification to the agreement between France, European Community of the atomic energy and the International Atomic Energy Agency relative to the guaranties application in France; Rapport fait au nom de la commission des affaires etrangeres, de la defense et des forces armees sur le projet de loi autorisant la ratification du protocole additionnel a l'accord entre la France, la Communaute europeenne de l'energie atomique et l'Agence internationale de l'energie atomique relatif a l'application de garanties en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    In a first part the author presents the International Atomic Energy Agency and its missions in the nuclear non proliferation policy especially in the agreements with the states of the TNP (Treaty of Nuclear non Proliferation). the today position of France is then analyzed towards the IAEA and the novations added by the additional protocol. (A.L.B.)

  14. France at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    Industrial Exhibition Administration Building Bldg 61 Tuesday 8 June: 9 a.m. – 5.30 p.m. Wednesday 9 June: 9 a.m. – 4 p.m. “FRANCE AT CERN” – INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION Thirty-six French companies are presenting their latest technological advances during the industrial exhibition "France at CERN", featuring products and technologies specifically related to the activities of the CERN facility. Presenting their know-how in electric vehicles, PSA - PEUGEOT/CITROEN are sponsoring the event. Seminars will be hold in the Main Building’s conference rooms: R&D innovation strategy in Pôle Nucléaire Bourgogne (08/06/2010 – 13h) MU by Peugeot (08/06/2010 – 14h) Citroën (08/06/2010 – 15h) « Elément 14 » : a unique design engineer community for sharing Electronic Engineering Solutions (09/06/2010 – 11h) Individual B2B meetin...

  15. Medicolegal anthropology in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Işcan, M Y; Quatrehomme, G

    1999-03-15

    Medicolegal anthropology has a very long history in France. Basic studies on human skeletal remains started as early as the 18th century. The 19th century produced many medical theses and research papers on age, sex, as well as stature estimation. The research proliferated in the first 60 years of the 20th century, much of which is still in use in France and abroad. The later half of the 20th century, however, was dormant in research on human skeletal biology at a time when forensic anthropology was becoming an active field worldwide. In the last decade, medicolegal anthropology took a different perspective, independent of its traditional roots. Research and practice have both been in the professional domain of forensic physicians unlike the situation in many other countries. Population based studies requiring large databases or skeletal collections have diminished considerably. Thus, most research has been on factors of individualization such as trauma, time since death, crime scene investigation, and facial reconstruction. It is suggested that there is a need for cooperation between the forensic physician and anthropologist to further research. This also encourages anthropologists to carry out research and practice that can fulfill the needs of the medicolegal system of the country.

  16. The France energy situation; La situation energetique de la France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This analysis of the french energy situation provides information and key data on some key facts about the energy in France, the France energy supply and demand, the major principles of energy policy, the challenges of french energy policy and the DGEMP (general directorate for energy and raw materials). (A.L.B.)

  17. Désaménagement du territoire: l'énergie en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Brunet

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available La France a connu des époques d’assez large diffusion des ressources énergétiques. La tendance récente est à la reconcentration sur les axes déjà les plus lourdement chargés du territoire national, au risque des accidents de transport, et de nouveaux déséquilibres.

  18. A.-M. Guerry's Moral Statistics of France: Challenges for Multivariable Spatial Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Friendly, Michael

    2008-01-01

    Andr\\'{e}-Michel Guerry's (1833) Essai sur la Statistique Morale de la France was one of the foundation studies of modern social science. Guerry assembled data on crimes, suicides, literacy and other ``moral statistics,'' and used tables and maps to analyze a variety of social issues in perhaps the first comprehensive study relating such variables. Indeed, the Essai may be considered the book that launched modern empirical social science, for the questions raised and the methods Guerry develo...

  19. Institutionalizing the evaluation of health programs and policies in France: cuisine internationale over fast food and sur mesure over ready-made Institucionalizando a avaliação de programas e políticas de saúde: culinária e corte-costura nas lições francesas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulmira M. A. Hartz

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to describe several chronological milestones in institutionalizing the evaluation of public programs and policies in France from a governmental perspective and in the health sector, situating such references in the international context. The institutional nature of evaluation implies integrating it into an action-oriented model, linking analytical activities to management, thus constituting the formulation of an evaluation policy for policy evaluation. The study focuses on issues related to the structure, practice, and utilization of evaluation results as well as other characteristics providing the French model with a certain resistance to traditional "fast-food" or "ready-made" methodological approaches. The institutionalization of sectorial evaluation appears more promising than that of the government's centralized channel, despite the work developed by a Scientific Evaluation Council, and suggests avenues for reflection and debate pertaining to the Brazilian Unified Health System.Este texto tem o propósito de descrever alguns marcos cronológicos de institucionalização da avaliação de programas/políticas públicas da França, na perspectiva governamental e no setor saúde, contextualizando-os no âmbito internacional. O caráter institucional da avaliação supõe integrá-la em um modelo orientado para ação, ligando atividades analíticas às de gestão, constituindo assim uma formulação da política de avaliação para avaliação de políticas. São focalizadas questões relacionadas à estrutura, à prática e à utilização dos resultados da avaliação, bem como outras características que conferem ao modelo francês uma certa resistência ao "fast food" ou "prêt-à-porter" das abordagens metodológicas tradicionais. A avaliação setorial se revela mais promissora em sua instucionalização do que o dispositivo centralizado do governo, apesar do trabalho desenvolvido por um Conselho Cient

  20. 1972-IJBCS-Article-Yvette Nguessan Bra Fofie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    of aqueous macerate extracts of Euphorbia hirta L., in the treatment of hypertension associated with diabetes. ... Diabetes and hypertension are frequently two associated pathologies in patients (Dembele et al., 2000). This association is a serious economic problem, lowers ..... such as mucilage, which precipitates in the.

  1. 1972-IJBCS-Article-Yvette Nguessan Bra Fofie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    The use of medicinal plants for the treatment of metabolic diseases is gaining ground more and more in the world (Mamun-. Or-Rashid et al., 2013). Diabetes and hypertension are frequently two associated pathologies in patients (Dembele et al., 2000). This association is a serious economic problem, lowers patient comfort ...

  2. Matériaux pour la faunistique des Orthoptères de France Les Orthoptères d’Alsace

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruseman, G.

    1978-01-01

    Après l’énumération des Orthoptères de France par Finot (1890), c’est surtout au travail magistral de Chopard (1951) que nous devons notre connaissance de la diffusion des insectes orthoptéroides en France. Le plus souvent Chopard a du se borner à donner des informations très sonmaires sur les

  3. Women in physics in France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pierron-Bohnes, Véronique [CNRS-University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg (France)

    2015-12-31

    We present six associations and entities working in France on issues of women in physics: the Women and Physics Commission, French Physical Society; Women in Nuclear (WiN) France; Women and Science Association; Mission for the Place of Women at CNRS; Parity, Diversity, and Women Network, CEA; and the Network of University Equality-Diversity Representatives.

  4. LES PROLIFÉRATIONS VÉGÉTALES AQUATIQUES EN FRANCE :CARACTÈRES BIOLOGIQUES ET ÉCOLOGIQUES DES PRINCIPALESESPÈCES ET MILIEUX PROPICES.II. IMPACT SUR LES ÉCOSYSTÈMES ET INTÉRÊT POUR LECONTRÔLE DES PROLIFÉRATIONS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PELTRE M. C.

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available De nombreux milieux aquatiques de nature et d’usages divers sont plus ou moins régulièrement le siège de proliférations végétales. Le contrôle de celles-ci pose des difficultés, principalement liées à l’appréciation des déséquilibres induits dans le milieu et à celle des nuisances anthropiques qui en découlent. En effet, dans le cas d’un constat de prolifération, source et témoin d’un dysfonctionnement, le manque d’analyse objective des situations, les limites de compatibilité des différents usages du milieu, la mauvaise connaissance des végétaux en cause et du fonctionnement écologique des milieux sont autant de freins à une gestion cohérente de ces sites. La présentation de quelques exemples, à travers différents modes connus de gestion des milieux et de régulation des peuplements végétaux (notamment les méthodes mécaniques, chimiques ou biologiques, illustre la mise à profit des connaissances sur les caractéristiques biologiques et écologiques des macrophytes proliférants. La mise en Oeuvre de cette démarche devrait permettre à l’avenir de mieux évaluer les perturbations induites par les proliférations, d’intervenir si nécessaire dans de meilleures conditions, en vue d’envisager une restauration des écosystèmes concernés compatible avec une meilleure satisfaction des différents usages.

  5. Le système d’aide au développement de la France et du Royaume-Uni : points de repère sur cinquante ans d’évolutions depuis la décolonisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Pacquement

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Anciennes puissances coloniales, la France et le Royaume-Uni sont des bailleurs de fonds influents dans la gouvernance globale de l’aide. Cet article décrit de façon très synthétique l’histoire de leur contribution au développement, sous l’angle des institutions, des stratégies et des financements. Les institutions ont connu des évolutions complexes depuis les premiers pas de la mise en valeur coloniale jusqu’aux réformes les plus récentes. Les stratégies sont ambitieuses, ancrées dans une recherche substantielle, et assurent une audience multilatérale par laquelle la question coloniale a été portée au rang de défi global. L’un et l’autre pays ont une vision plus large de l’aide au développement que la comptabilisation du Comité d’aide au développement de l’OCDE. Leurs financements, dont le montant n’échappe pas aux aléas politiques, assurent une contribution importante, qui vise à répondre aux multiples besoins du développement.

  6. Les agences d’urbanisme en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Verdeil

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Si les agences d’urbanisme françaises ont, pour certaines, près de quarante ans d’existence, elles restent pourtant relativement méconnues. Le présent article, qui leur est consacré, vise à livrer en la matière plusieurs pistes de réflexion susceptibles d’être saisies par des chercheurs de différentes disciplines. Revendiquant son caractère exploratoire et programmatique, cet article collectif ne restreint donc pas son propos à une série de problématiques spécifiques (sociologie politique de l’expertise, l’histoire ou l’anthropologie des métiers et professions de l’urbanisme, monographies locales des diverses productions urbaines des agences, etc.. Il plaide plutôt pour une capitalisation des travaux qui prennent ou prendraient les agences d’urbanisme pour objet, tout en avançant à cette occasion quelques résultats de recherches menées récemment. Prolongeant le colloque organisé sur ce thème à Lille en février 2007, il entend ainsi contribuer à interroger de nouveau le statut et la reconnaissance accordés, en France, aux études urbaines.This article, which is devoted to those forty year old but poorly understood organisations, the planning agencies (“agences d’urbanisme” in France, is intended to be programmatic and exploratory in character. Its purpose is, therefore, to present a series of reflections on the subject that might be taken up by researchers in different disciplines. The intention is not to limit its remarks to a narrowly defined series of problems such as the political sociology of expertise, the history or anthropology of the planning profession or even the local histories of urban policy implementation in the particular areas where agencies are located. Like the conference organised in Lille in February 2007, this article, which was one of the products of the conference, takes up the opportunity to investigate again the status and recognition granted to urban studies in France

  7. FRANCE AT CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    From 19 to 22 June 2001 Administration Building Bldg 60/61 - ground and 1st floor 09.00 hrs - 17.30 hrs Thirty-one companies will present their latest technology at the 'France at CERN' exhibition. The French industry will exhibit products and technologies which are related to the field of particle physics. The main subjects are: cryogenics and vacuum technology, superconductivity, measurement, detection, regulation, control and testing, electrical and electronic equipment, mechanics. The exhibition is organised by the French Committee for Trade Events Abroad. There follows : the list of exhibitors, the list of lectures which will be given at the exhibition. A detailed programme will be available in due course at : your Divisional secretariat, the reception information desk, Building 33, the exhibition. LIST OF EXHIBITORS Air Liquide Air Liquide Alcatel Vacuum Technology Alstom Industrie S.A. Alstom Magnets & Superconductors/Jeumont Industrie ATI Electronique Atos S.A. Axon' Cable S.A...

  8. FRANCE AT CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    C.-L. Jullien-Woringer/SPL-DI

    2001-01-01

    From 19 to 22 June 2001 Administration Building Bldg 60/61 - ground and 1st floor 09.00 hrs - 17.30 hrs Thirty companies will present their latest technology at the 'France at CERN' exhibition. The French industry will exhibit products and technologies which are related to the field of particle physics. The main subjects are: cryogenics and vacuum technology, superconductivity, measurement, detection, regulation, control and testing, electrical and electronic equipment, mechanics. The exhibition is organised by the French Committee for Trade Events Abroad. There follows : the list of exhibitors, the list of lectures which will be given at the exhibition. A detailed programme will be available in due course at : your Divisional secretariat, the reception information desk, Building 33, the exhibition. LIST OF EXHIBITORS Air Liquide Alcatel Vacuum Technology Alstom Industrie S.A. Alstom Magnets & Superconductors/Jeumont Industrie ATI Electronique Atos S.A. Axon' Cable S.A. Cedrat Recher...

  9. Groundwater management in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margat, Jean

    1987-06-01

    Groundwater, like other extensive natural and renewable resources, easily accessible and, at the same time, vulnerable, has to be managed so as to reconcile the unique resource with its many users, and its long-term preservation with short-term utilization requirements. Under the natural, legal, and economic conditions prevailing in France, where groundwater constitutes a large part of water production and resources, where there are tens of thousands of economic developers and users of a few hundred natural groundwater management units, such management concerns these users as well as the public and collective authorities that control the users' activities for the common present and future good of all. Legislative, financial, and educational means are applied simultaneously to preserve and protect the quality and quantily of the groundwater and at times to encourage its use and stimulate its development.

  10. International Relations in France

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Breitenbauch, Henrik Ø.

    Why is the French International Relations (IR) discipline different from the transnational-American discipline? By analysing argument structures in research articles across time, this book shows how the discipline in France is caught between the American character of the discipline and the French...... state as regulator of legitimate forms of expression. Concretely, French research arguments are less explicit about what their propositions are and what academic discussions they draw on and add to than their transnational-American counterparts. Based on a comparative case study of French and American...... IR research from 1950 to 2011, the book is a major contribution to the meta-IR literature on global, regional and national traditions of IR. The challenge to the French discipline of whether and how to position itself in relation to the evolving American discipline is in many ways exemplary for other...

  11. France at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    From 23 to 25 September 2003 Administration Building Bldg 60/61 - ground and 1st floor 09.30 hrs - 17.30 hrs Twenty five companies will present their latest technology at the "France at CERN" exhibition. The French industry will exhibit products and technologies which are related to the field of particle physics. The main subjects are: electrical engineering, electronics, computer data processing, mechanical engineering, vacuum & low temperatures technologies, particles detectors and civil engineering. The exhibition is organised by UBIFRANCE, the French Committee for Trade Events Abroad. There follows : - the list of exhibitors. A detailed programme will be available in due course at : - your Divisional secretariat, - the reception information desk, Building 33, - the exhibition. A web page is available under the following link: http://www.lafranceaucern.com LIST OF EXHIBITORS 1 Air Liquide 14 Nicomatic 2 ATI Electronique 15 Photonis 3 ATIM 16 Positronic industries SAS 4 ATOS 17 Quantel 5 AXON 18 Ra...

  12. France at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    From 23 to 25 September 2003 Administration Building Bldg 60/61 - ground and 1st floor 09.30 hrs - 17.30 hrs Twenty five companies will present their latest technology at the "France at CERN" exhibition. The French industry will exhibit products and technologies which are related to the field of particle physics. The main subjects are: electrical engineering, electronics, computer data processing, mechanical engineering, vacuum & low temperatures technologies, particles detectors and civil engineering. The exhibition is organised by UBIFRANCE, the French Committee for Trade Events Abroad. There follows : - the list of exhibitors. A detailed programme will be available in due course at : - your Divisional secretariat, - the reception information desk, Building 33, - the exhibition. A web page is available under the following link: http://www.lafranceaucern.com LIST OF EXHIBITORS 1 Air Liquide14 Nicomatic 2 ATI Electronique15 Photonis 3 ATIM16 Positronic industries SAS 4 ATOS17 Qu...

  13. France at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    From 22 to 25 September 2003 Administration Building Bldg 60/61 - ground and 1st floor 09.30 hrs - 17.30 hrs Twenty five companies will present their latest technology at the "France at CERN" exhibition. The French industry will exhibit products and technologies which are related to the field of particle physics. The main subjects are: electrical engineering, electronics, computer data processing, mechanical engineering, vacuum & low temperatures technologies, particles detectors and civil engineering. The exhibition is organised by UBIFRANCE, the French Committee for Trade Events Abroad. Please find below: - the list of exhibitors. A detailed programme will be available in due course at : - your Divisional secretariat, - the reception information desk, Building 33, - the exhibition. LIST OF EXHIBITORS 1 Air Liquide14 Nicomatic 2 ATI Electronique15 Photonis 3 ATIM16 Positronic industries SAS 4 ATOS17 Quantel 5 AXON18 Radiospares 6 Cedrat Technologies19 Rexor 7 CIAT20 SDS Service &...

  14. France at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    From 04 to 06 october 2005 Administration Building Bldg 60/61 - ground and 1st floor 09:00 - 17:30   Thirty-two companies will present their latest technology at the "France at CERN" exhibition. French industry will exhibit products and technologies which are related to the field of particle physics. The main subjects are: mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronics, data processing, various supplies, civil engineering and buildings, and vacuum and low temperature technology. The exhibition is organised by UBIFRANCE, the French Committee for Trade Events Abroad.  You will find below : the list of exhibitors.   A detailed programme will be available in due course at : your Departmental secretariat, the reception information desk, Building 33, the exhibition itself.   A detailed list of the firms involved is already available under the following FI link: http://fi-dep.web.cern.ch/fi-dep/structure/memberstates/exhibitions_visits.htm     LIST OF EXHIBITORS AIR LIQUIDE DTA ALSTOM...

  15. France at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    From 04 to 06 october 2005 Administration Building Bldg 60/61 - ground and 1st floor 09:00 - 17:30   Thirty-two companies will present their latest technology at the "France at CERN" exhibition. French industry will exhibit products and technologies which are related to the field of particle physics. The main subjects are: mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronics, data processing, various supplies, civil engineering and buildings, and vacuum and low temperature technology. The exhibition is organised by UBIFRANCE, the French Committee for Trade Events Abroad.  You will find below : the list of exhibitors.   A detailed programme will be available in due course at : your Departmental secretariat, the reception information desk, Building 33, the exhibition itself.   A detailed list of the firms involved is already available under the following FI link: http://fi-dep.web.cern.ch/fi-dep/structure/memberstates/exhibitions_visits.htm     LIST OF EXHIBITORS AIR LIQUIDE DTA ALSTO...

  16. 30 years of sunflower breeding in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vear Felicity

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Les rendements et les résistances aux maladies de 4 groupes de 5 variétés de tournesol correspondant aux génotypes les plus cultivés en France depuis 1965 ont été comparés sur deux années d’expérimentation : 25 essais “rendements” et 7 essais “maladies”. Les observations ont montré un gain moyen de rendement en grain de 40% pour les 5 variétés cultivées après 1995 par rapport aux 5 variétés cultivées avant 1975, soit une progression moyenne de 33 kg/ha (ou 1,3% par an, avec une accélération marquée pour les dernières années. L’augmentation du rendement huilier (50% est essentiellement due, à partir de 1980, au gain de rendement en grain; en effet, la teneur en huile reste stable depuis cette date. Les niveaux de précocité et les tailles sont, en moyenne, les mêmes depuis 30 ans. Par contre les variétés actuelles sont nettement moins sensibles à la verse et aux maladies : réduction de la sensibilité à la verse de 80%, aux attaques de Sclerotinia sur capitule de 60% et de 30% pour les attaques de Phomopsis sur tige. Pendant la première décennie, l’augmentation du rendement est liée à une forte augmentation du nombre de grains à l’hectare. Au contraire, nous observons une augmentation significative du poids de 1 000 grains durant la dernière décennie. Sept essais “rendement” ont été touchés par des attaques parasitaires non négligeables, ce qui a permis de montrer que 25% de l’augmentation du rendement pouvait être expliqué par une augmentation de la résistance à Sclerotinia ou au phomopsis. Ce sont dans les conditions pédoclimatiques du Centre de la France qui donnent de forts potentiels de rendement mais des risques d’attaques parasitaires importants, que les variétés récentes expriment pleinement leur haut niveau de productivité. Les auteurs concluent que, dans un contexte d’une politique agricole soutenant cette espèce, les variétés modernes devraient être adapt

  17. Impact of the daily variations of the air pollution on the ambulatory emergency health services activity. Study in the urban area of Rouen (France); Impact des variations quotidiennes de la pollution atmospherique sur l'activite du dispositif d'urgences pre-hospitalieres. Etude dans l'agglomeration de Rouen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hautemaniere, A.; Czernichow, P.; Germain, J.M.; Zeghnoun, K. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Dept. d' Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique, 76 - Rouen (France); Delmas, V. [Air Normand, 76 - Rouen (France); Falourd, J.C.; Dureuil, B. [Service d' Aide Medicale Urgente de Seine Maritime, 76 - Rouen (France)

    2000-10-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility of using both the emergency phone calls (SAMU) and medical interventions (SMUR) related to ambulatory emergency services for local epidemiological surveillance of health impact of air pollution. A temporal ecological study was performed at Rouen area (france) (380000 inhabitants) for 1990-1997 (SAMU) and 1990-1996 (SMUR). The pollutants tested were: Sulphur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), Particles (PM13), and Nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}), as collected routinely by a local automated network. For each phone call (SAMU) or emergency interventions (SMUR), the date, medical reason for calling (SAMU) or diagnosis after interventions (SMUR) (classified as respiratory, cardiovascular or other diseases) have been extracted from a specific information system. A statistical analysis based on time series analysis associated to a Poisson regression was conducted, taking into account temporal trend, seasonal variations, influenza, days of the week, holiday and meteorological data. An association was observed between ambulatory emergency services activity for cardiovascular diseases, and the daily variations of both SO{sub 2} (relative risk = 1.008 [1.001-1.016] for SAMU with an increase of 10{mu}g/m{sup 3}) and NO{sub 2} (relative risk 1.018 [1.008-1.030] for SAMU, relative risk = 1.016 [1.001-1.032] for SMUR with an increase of 10{mu}g/m{sup 3}). No association could be observed with the respiratory diseases for these pollutants. The ambulatory emergency services activity data could contribute to an epidemiological surveillance of the health impact of the air pollution, but a better quality of data collected (concerning both procedures and codification) is requested. The interest of an epidemiological surveillance, rather than usual pollutant monitoring, remains to evaluate. (authors)

  18. Temporal Trends in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in France: FRANCE 2 to FRANCE TAVI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auffret, Vincent; Lefevre, Thierry; Van Belle, Eric; Eltchaninoff, Hélène; Iung, Bernard; Koning, René; Motreff, Pascal; Leprince, Pascal; Verhoye, Jean Philippe; Manigold, Thibaut; Souteyrand, Geraud; Boulmier, Dominique; Joly, Patrick; Pinaud, Frédéric; Himbert, Dominique; Collet, Jean Philippe; Rioufol, Gilles; Ghostine, Said; Bar, Olivier; Dibie, Alain; Champagnac, Didier; Leroux, Lionel; Collet, Frédéric; Teiger, Emmanuel; Darremont, Olivier; Folliguet, Thierry; Leclercq, Florence; Lhermusier, Thibault; Olhmann, Patrick; Huret, Bruno; Lorgis, Luc; Drogoul, Laurent; Bertrand, Bernard; Spaulding, Christian; Quilliet, Laurent; Cuisset, Thomas; Delomez, Maxence; Beygui, Farzin; Claudel, Jean-Philippe; Hepp, Alain; Jegou, Arnaud; Gommeaux, Antoine; Mirode, Anfani; Christiaens, Luc; Christophe, Charles; Cassat, Claude; Metz, Damien; Mangin, Lionel; Isaaz, Karl; Jacquemin, Laurent; Guyon, Philippe; Pouillot, Christophe; Makowski, Serge; Bataille, Vincent; Rodés-Cabau, Josep; Gilard, Martine; Le Breton, Hervé

    2017-07-04

    Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is standard therapy for patients with severe aortic stenosis who are at high surgical risk. However, national data regarding procedural characteristics and clinical outcomes over time are limited. The aim of this study was to assess nationwide performance trends and clinical outcomes of TAVR during a 6-year period. TAVRs performed in 48 centers across France between January 2013 and December 2015 were prospectively included in the FRANCE TAVI (French Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) registry. Findings were further compared with those reported from the FRANCE 2 (French Aortic National CoreValve and Edwards 2) registry, which captured all TAVRs performed from January 2010 to January 2012 across 34 centers. A total of 12,804 patients from FRANCE TAVI and 4,165 patients from FRANCE 2 were included in this analysis. The median age of patients was 84.6 years, and 49.7% were men. FRANCE TAVI participants were older but at lower surgical risk (median logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation [EuroSCORE]: 15.0% vs. 18.4%; p FRANCE TAVI underwent transfemoral TAVR. Transesophageal echocardiography guidance decreased from 60.7% to 32.3% of cases, whereas more recent procedures were increasingly performed in hybrid operating rooms (15.8% vs. 35.7%). Rates of Valve Academic Research Consortium-defined device success increased from 95.3% in FRANCE 2 to 96.8% in FRANCE TAVI (p FRANCE TAVI compared with 8.2% and 10.1%, respectively, in FRANCE 2 (p FRANCE TAVI registry provided reassuring data regarding trends in TAVR performance in an all-comers population on a national scale. Nonetheless, given that TAVR indications are likely to expand to patients at lower surgical risk, concerns remain regarding potentially life-threatening complications and pacemaker implantation. (Registry of Aortic Valve Bioprostheses Established by Catheter [FRANCE TAVI]; NCT01777828). Copyright © 2017 American College of

  19. [Nurse anesthetist in France].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuno, Ju; Yann, Douchy; De Almeida, Sylvie; Deckert, Christine; Gauss, Tobias; Bonneville, Claire Tae; Merckx, Paul; Mantz, Jean

    2006-12-01

    We present the system of nurse anesthetist (Infirmier Anesthésiste Diplômé d'Etat: IADE) in France to the community of Japanese anesthesiologists. This French system with 70 years' history is older than the Japan Society of Anesthesiologists itself. There are 7000 nurse anesthetists in France now and the number of nurse anesthetists increases by 450-500 each year. Training to become a nurse anesthetist requires at least two years' experience as a general nurse and the general nurse must pass an examination after two years' special training in an anesthetistic nurse school to acquire the national certification. The nurse anesthetist's profession is regulated by French law. They work in a team with certified anesthesiologists. They can perform many kinds of anesthetic tasks including tracheal intubation and insertion of arterial catheter under the responsibility and supervision of certified anesthesiologists. The nurse anesthetists are not allowed to perform spinal, epidural, conduction and local anesthesia, although they can maintain these anesthesia and control these methods, e.g., by injecting local anesthetic agents through epidural catheter, following a specified prescription. The nurse anesthetists are not allowed to insert central venous and pulmonary artery catheters, although they can manage them. They are allowed to administer inhalation anesthetic agents, and inject venous anesthetic agents, muscle relaxants, their antagonists, and opioids by their own initiatives, but the decision for the use of catecholamine and emergency drugs is reserved to certified anesthesiologists. The nurse anesthetists perform other tasks preparing and checking anesthetic agents and equipment such as anesthetic machine, monitor, and defibrillator everyday, and sometimes use autologous blood recovery systems. The relationship between the certified anesthesiologist and the nurse anesthetist is marked by mutual respect, confidence and cooperation at each step of the anesthetic

  20. Interconnection France-England; Interconnexion France-Angleterre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    These documents defines the interconnection France-England rules for the 2000 MW DC submarine cable directly linking the transmission networks of England and Wales and France. Rights to use Interconnector capacity from 1 April 2001 are to be offered through competitive tenders and auctions, full details of which are set out in the Rules. The contract and a guide to the application form are provided. (A.L.B.)

  1. Income tax in France

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    Memorandum from the HR and FP Departments and the Legal Service concerning the annual internal taxation certificate and the declaration of income for 2008 You are reminded that each year the Organization levies an internal tax on the financial and family benefits it pays to the members of the personnel (see Chapter V, Section 2 of the Staff Rules and Regulations) and that members of the personnel are thus exempt from external taxation on salaries and emoluments paid by CERN. This memorandum is intended to provide members of the personnel residing in France with information on how salaries and emoluments paid by CERN should be indicated in the 2008 income declaration form. For any other income, they are invited to comply with the instructions attached to the form. I - Annual internal taxation certificate for 2008 The annual certificate of internal taxation for 2008, issued by the FP Department, has been available since 1st March 2009 (see Bulletin No. 11-12/2009). It is int...

  2. Income Tax in France

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    Memorandum from the HR and FP Departments and the Legal Service concerning the annual internal taxation certificate and the declaration of income for 2008 You are reminded that each year the Organization levies an internal tax on the financial and family benefits it pays to the members of the personnel (see Chapter V, Section 2 of the Staff Rules and Regulations) and that members of the personnel are thus exempt from external taxation on salaries and emoluments paid by CERN. This memorandum is intended to provide members of the personnel residing in France with information on how salaries and emoluments paid by CERN should be indicated in the 2008 income declaration form. For any other income, they are invited to comply with the instructions attached to the form. I - Annual internal taxation certificate for 2008 The annual certificate of internal taxation for 2008, issued by the FP Department, has been available since 1st March 2009 (see Bulletin No. 11-12/2009). It is int...

  3. Les Consortia en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Berard

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Alors que les consortia se sont développés un peu partout dans le monde dès le début des années 90, la France est restée à l’écart de cette dynamique jusqu’en 1997: après un timide démarrage autour de la cellule Mathdoc du Réseau national des bibliothèques de mathématiques et la création de groupements d’achat de produits comme Datastream ou ABI-Inform, il faudra attendre 1999 pour assister au véritable essor des consortia. La raison majeure tient à la faible tradition coopérative des bibliothèques académiques françaises, la gestion de nombreux dossiers qui fondent en partie les consortia américains - catalogue commun, prêt entre bibliothèques, acquisitions partagées - relevant du niveau national.

  4. Actualités sur la vitamine D*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souberbielle Jean-Claude

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Le déficit et l’insuffisance en vitamine D, définis respectivement par des concentrations sériques de 25 hydroxyvitamine D (25OHD inférieures à 20 ng/ml et entre 20 et 30 ng/ml, sont des situations très fréquentes qui sont associées à une augmentation du risque de développer différentes pathologies, pas seulement osseuses. Les effets d’une supplémentation en vitamine D sur la diminution du risque de fractures et de chutes sont documentés par différentes études d’intervention. Les autres effets potentiels extra-osseux de la vitamine D sont principalement documentés par des études observationnelles et expérimentales. Même s’il n’existe pas encore de consensus sur les besoins en vitamine D, tous les experts s’accordent pour considérer que les AJR (200 UI/J en France sont très insuffisants et doivent être augmentés. Cet article aborde successivement le métabolisme de la vitamine D et ses effets, la définition du statut vitaminique D basée sur la concentration sérique de 25OHD, les indications du dosage de la 25OHD (qui ne doit pas être prescrit à tout le monde et propose des modalités de traitement.

  5. European Solid State Device Research Conference (18th) ESSDERC 88 Held In Montpellier, France on 13-16 September 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-16

    CONTOUR, 3. MASSIE and A. MARTY. - Pressure dependence and orbital degeneracy of the metastable Dx center In SI (or Sn) doped Ga0 6 7 A10 .3 3 AS...couverture de marche de 76% sur marches de 1pm x Ijm ont itt obtenues. La caracterisation .lectrique des couches de SiO2 de TEOS deposkes sur simple...d’Electronlque de Montpellier (CNRS-UA 391), USTL, P-34060 Montpellier, France RESUME - Parmi los differentes methodes de caracterisation des defauts dans les

  6. Early Child Care In France

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, Myriam; Lezine, Irene

    1974-01-01

    The present monograph describes in detail the history and current status of early child care in France and discusses it in the contexts of family and cultural realities and attitudes toward children and upbringing. (Ed)

  7. A surgical sabbatical in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutherland, F; Launois, B

    2000-06-01

    During my stay in France I had the unique opportunity to meet surgical professors from all over the world and made many friends and contacts in the field of hepatobiliary surgery. Brittany is a beautiful province of France, having unique way of life and approach to social and societal problems. The cultural enrichment that I received from my year there will last a lifetime, as well the many fond memories of the people, the culinary delights and the spectacular seashore.

  8. Tour of France by foot

    CERN Multimedia

    Papini

    1982-01-01

    Monsieur Papini(nom juste?) et sa femme, tous les deux journalistes, découvrent avec leur 2 enfants, agés de 16 mois et 3 ans, ainsi qu'avec un âne, la vie nomade en parcourant la France pendant un an et demie à pied: comment être un nomade en France? Sa femme a écrit deux ouvrages concernant ce voyage.

  9. Jens Baggesen voyageur en France. Un regard amusé et satirique sur la France révolutionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schøsler, Jørn

    2011-01-01

    Jens Baggesens rejse i det revolutionære Frankrig i januar 1790 viser hans humor og satiriske gemyt i hans syn på franskmændene. Hans humoristiske vinkel afslører et manglende politisk engagement i de dramatiske begivenheder....

  10. Le roi, la Cour et les sciences en France, xviie-xviiie siècles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chantal Grell

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available La cour de France n’a jamais eu la réputation d’être une cour « scientifique », ni aux yeux des contemporains, ni aux yeux des historiens. Le grand âge des « cours scientifiques » semble d’ailleurs révolu lorsque la cour de France s’installe à Versailles. En France, la grande institution où se fait la recherche, dans tous les domaines de la science, est l’Académie royale des sciences, créée par Colbert en 1666. Il existe une ample bibliographie sur l’Académie des sciences, sur l’évolution des sciences et sur les savants eux-mêmes ; les rois de France, la Cour et Versailles ont fait l’objet de publications plus nombreuses encore. Mais au-delà du mécénat princier dans ses formes variées, le lien entre le pouvoir et le savoir — qui évolue d’ailleurs au cours de ce siècle et demi — n’a pas été envisagé à travers le prisme de la cour, sinon à l’occasion de cette exposition. Aussi n’est-il pas possible de dresser un état des lieux, mais seulement d’esquisser quelques réflexions sur un sujet dont il convient de définir les contours, et sur des recherches qui restent, en grande partie, à réaliser. On s’interrogera, entre autres, sur les valeurs et les idéaux sociaux qui ont présidé, dans le cadre versaillais, à la rencontre de la Cour et des sciences ; sur les interactions entre sciences et vie curiale ; sur les choix des rois, des ministres, des savants, et les enjeux qu’ils recouvrent ; sur la manière dont l’existence même de la Cour a pu, au-delà de la théâtralisation, de la mise en scène et des besoins concrets, influer sur le contenu même des sciences.L’intitulé de l’exposition, qui associe « sciences » et « curiosités », est paradoxal. Le terme de « curiosités » évoque les cabinets qui eurent la faveur des princes, allemands ou italiens notamment, de la Renaissance, et se rapporte à un type de savoir déjà dépassé, à l’âge de la

  11. Orientations scientifiques des filles en France : un bilan contrasté Girls choosing science in France: contrasted results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biljana Stevanovic

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En s’appuyant sur les enquêtes de l’Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (INSEE et de la Direction de l’évaluation, de la prospective et de la performance (DEPP, cet article étudie l’évolution de l’orientation scientifique des filles dans l’enseignement secondaire et supérieur en France sur une période de vingt ans, de 1985 à 2008. L’objectif est d’étudier les permanences et les changements des choix des filles dans l’enseignement scientifique. Les résultats montrent que les choix d’orientation des filles vers les filières scientifiques sur la période considérée sont en nette évolution. Cette évolution est positive au niveau du secondaire mais en revanche plus ambiguë au niveau du supérieur. Le rôle joué par les politiques éducatives sur l’orientation scientifique des filles, les représentations des métiers (Mosconi & Stevanovic, 2007, le sentiment de compétence (Bandura, 1977 ; Betz & Hackett, 1981, les stéréotypes et perceptions (Armstrong & Crombi, 2000 et l’influence parentale, sont étudiés pour expliquer les liens possibles entre les représentations des sujets individuels selon leur sexe et leur décision d’une orientation scientifique.Based on surveys carried out by the INSEE (Institut National de la Statistique et des études Economiques and the DEPP (Direction de l’Evaluation de la Prospective et de la Performance, this article examines how the rate of girls choosing to study science in secondary and higher education in France evolved over a period of twenty years, from 1985 to 2008. The aim is to study continuity and change in girls’ choices into science. The findings of this study show that girls’ choices into science over the period clearly changed. There was a positive evolution at the secondary level but rather less obvious at higher education. The role of educational policies on girls’ scientific career choices, adolescents’ representations

  12. Impact d’un stress aigu sur la reproduction de la vipère aspic Vipera aspis

    OpenAIRE

    Labidalle, Chloé

    2016-01-01

    aLes vipères aspic, serpents venimeux présents en France, subissent régulièrement des stress aigus, en captivité (manipulations) et dans leur milieu naturel (prédation). Les objectifs de ce travail étaient d’évaluer l’effet d’un stress aigu sur les hormones sexuelles et sur certains métabolites marqueurs de la reproduction. Ce travail a été réalisé sur vingt-deux animaux, et valide tout d’abord le glucomètre portable pour la mesure de la glycémie chez cette espèce. Ensuite, nous avons évalué ...

  13. FOREIGN DRIVING LICENCES IN FRANCE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service des relations avec les Pays Hôtes

    2000-01-01

    1. PERSONS RESIDING IN FRANCE1.1 National driving licences from countries belonging to the EEAa) ValidityCurrent national driving licences issued by a country belonging to the European Economic Area (here inafter called EEA) are, in principle, valid in France. N.B. : The countries belonging to the EEA are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.b)\tRegistrationTo ensure that all the conditions of validity in France have been met, holders of driving licences issued by a country belonging to the EEA, who reside in France (i.e. hold a residence permit issued by a Préfecture, or a carte spéciale issued by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which is equivalent to a residence permit), can have their licences registered with the Préfecture of the department where they live (for Ain, call 04 74 32 30 00, for Haute Savoie call 04 50 33 ...

  14. France: High and stable fertility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clémentine Rossier

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The current total fertility rate in France is around 1.9 children per woman. This is a relatively high level by current European standards and makes France an outlier, despite the fact that its other demographic trends, especially conjugal behaviour, and social and economic trends are not very different from other Western European countries. France can serve as a counterfactual test case for some of the hypotheses advanced to explain the current low level of fertility in most European countries (delay in fertility, decline in marriage, increased birth control, greater economic uncertainty. France's fertility level can be partly explained by its active family policy introduced after the Second World War, and adapted in the 1980s to accommodate women's entry into the labour force. This policy is the result of a battle, fuelled by pro-natalism, between the conservative supporters of family values and the promoters of state-supported individual equality. French family policy thus encompasses a wide range of measures based on varying ideological backgrounds, and it is difficult to classify in comparison to the more precisely focused family policies of other European welfare states. The active family policy seems to have created especially positive attitudes towards two- or three child families in France.

  15. La piraterie sur le web

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Les échanges de toutes sortes sont facilités à l'extrême par le web: des forums, des vidéoconférences, le commerce à distance, ou tout simplement la célérité des courriers électroniques ou la convivialité des chats, tout cela participe de la société de communication. Une certaine partie du monde découvre le nouvel horizon des échanges quasi instantanés, mais... les transactions sur le web sont-elles vraiment s res?

  16. Beginning of Viniculture in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGovern, Patrick E.; Luley, Benjamin P.; Rovira, Nuria; Mirzoian, Armen; Callahan, Michael P.; Smith, Karen F.; Hall, Gretchen R.; Davidson, Theodore; Henkin, Joshua M.

    2013-01-01

    Chemical analyses of ancient organic compounds absorbed into the pottery fabrics of imported Etruscan amphoras (ca. 500-475 B.C.) and into a limestone pressing platform (ca. 425-400 B.C.) at the ancient coastal port site of Lattara in southern France provide the earliest biomolecular archaeological evidence for grape wine and viniculture from this country, which is crucial to the later history of wine in Europe and the rest of the world. The data support the hypothesis that export of wine by ship from Etruria in central Italy to southern Mediterranean France fueled an ever-growing market and interest in wine there, which, in turn, as evidenced by the winepress, led to transplantation of the Eurasian grapevine and the beginning of a Celtic industry in France. Herbal and pine resin additives to the Etruscan wine point to the medicinal role of wine in antiquity, as well as a means of preserving it during marine transport.

  17. Sur quelques problèmes mathématiques de modélisation parcimonieuse

    OpenAIRE

    Gribonval, Rémi

    2007-01-01

    Ce document est organisé en quatre chapitres dont trois rédigés en anglais et une annexe en français. Le premier chapitre décrit mes contributions dans le domaine de la séparation de sources audio, qui constituent certainement le volet le plus appliqué de mon activité scientifique, volet auquel ont contribué significativement plusieurs doctorants et collaborateurs. Les deux chapitres suivants sont consacrés aux aspects plus mathématiques de mon travail, le premier sur les approxima...

  18. Les pratiques de recherche d'information informelles des jeunes sur internet

    OpenAIRE

    Aillerie, Karine

    2008-01-01

    Les grandes enquêtes décrivant les usages assidus et exclusifs d'internet par les adolescents privilégient la dimension communicationnelle et ludique de ces pratiques. En particulier depuis la parution de l'enquête internationale Médiappro, menée en France à l'initiative du CLEMI, l'accent est mis sur l'écart qui sépare d'une part, les habitudes domestiques, individuelles et quotidiennes, relevant de l'« informel », des usages scolaires et encadrés d'autre part. La question de cet écart reste...

  19. Stepfamilies in Denmark and France

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toulemon, Laurent; Knudsen, Lisbeth B.

    2006-01-01

    In both Denmark and France, the past decades have shown profound changes in the patterns of fertility as well as in family formation and family dissolution, with no related decline in overall fertility. Using very large data sets (380,000 respondents in the French survey, 1.3 million women...... in Danish Register data), we built synthetic indexes to show the frequency of stepfamilies in both countries. It is more frequent in Denmark than in France. We then analyse fertility of stepfamilies, compared to couples without any child born before the union, with controlling for age, duration of union...

  20. Interconnection France-Italy; Interconnexion France-Italie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    These documents presents the rules, defined by RTE, of the attribution of electric power transportation capacity between France and Italy. The contract form and the general principles are given in annexes. A guide to the application form is provided. (A.L.B.)

  1. Evaluation économique des impacts du changement climatique pour la forêt et le secteur bois en France. Revue de littérature

    OpenAIRE

    Lecocq, Franck

    2008-01-01

    De nombreux travaux étudient les impacts physiques du changement climatique sur les forêts, en France et à l’étranger. En revanche, il existe très peu d’études sur les impacts économiques du changement climatique sur l’économie de la forêt et de la filière bois. La présente note reprend pour l’essentiel (souvent in extenso) les résultats relatifs aux impacts du changement climatique sur les écosystèmes forestiers du quatrième rapport d’évaluation du GIEC (Alcamo et al., 2007, Fischlin et al.,...

  2. National Report France: The French Balloon Programme 2013-2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubourg, V.; Vassaux, D.; Vargas, A.; Cocquerez, P.; Louvel, S.; Douchin, F.; Saccocio, M.; Mirc, F.

    2015-09-01

    With over 50 years' experience in the field, the French Centre National dEtudes Spatiales (CNES) goes on supporting a significant scientific ballooning program. In particular so because balloons still give a unique access to near space science. Over the past 6 years, most of the systems, beginning by the Zero Pressure Balloons, had to be renewed to comply with more stringent Safety constraints and to growing performance and reliability requirements from the scientific missions. This paper will give an overview of the CNES new capabilities and services for operational balloon activities, and their availability status. The scientific launch campaigns of the past two years will be presented. A focus will be made on the results of the Stratoscience 2014 flight campaign from Timmins, Ontario, using the NOSYCA command and control system for zero pressure balloons, qualified in 2013. The ChArMEx campaign (Chemistry-AeRosol Mediterranean Experiment) performed in 2013 from the Baleares islands and from the south of France, with Boundary Layer Pressurized Balloons will also be presented as well as the LOAC-VOLTAIRE experiment, carried out from Aire-sur-l'Adour (France), through the flights of 20 instrumented light expandable balloons. An outlook of the new stratospheric long duration flight systems currently studied at CNES will be given. The scientific launch campaigns and the main payloads in the study for the near future will also be presented.

  3. Hurricane Frances Poster (September 5, 2004)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Hurricane Frances poster. Multi-spectral image from NOAA-17 shows Hurricane Frances over central Florida on September 5, 2004. Poster dimension is approximately...

  4. Frances Allen Wins Turing Award

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 12; Issue 8. Frances Allen Wins Turing Award. Priti Shankar. Article-in-a-Box Volume 12 Issue 8 August 2007 pp 5-5. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/012/08/0005-0005. Author Affiliations.

  5. In Remembrance: Mary Frances Lyon

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In Remembrance: Mary Frances Lyon. (15 May 1925 – 25 December 2014). I start this piece from that day in 1969 when I first heard of the Lyon's hypothesis in the final semester of my master degree course in zoology at Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi. A lecture on evolution of sex chromosomes introduced us to.

  6. COOPERATION EN SANTE, LA FRANCE S’ENGAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Patrick LAJONCHERE

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available La santé a été identifiée par le gouvernement comme secteur où la France pouvait renforcer sa présence internationale. Le paysage mondial de la santé est complexe et les acteurs nombreux, une coordination est indispensable au niveau national et dans les pays où les partenariats sont les plus importants.Nos entreprises du médicament et du dispositif médical, nos organismes de recherche sont au meilleur niveau mondial et notre système de santé est l’un des plus performants de tous. Ces atouts confortent la pertinence à renforcer le rôle international de la France. Des actions spécifiques en cours de réalisation ont pour objet d’améliorer encore l’efficacité collective de la démarche.La conception partagée de l’exercice de la médecine entre France et Maroc ouvre de larges perspectives pour renforcer la coopération entre les équipes médicales de nos deux pays. En matière d’enseignement et de recherche, des projets partagés existent déjà et ne demandent qu’à être développés sur des bases financières claires. La participation des industriels pour renforcer la portée de ces partenariats doit être imaginée.

  7. Les écrivains de la diaspora africaine francophone en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buata B. Malela

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Dans ce livre, Carmen Husti-Laboye remarque que le paysage culturel, social et littéraire de la France contemporaine se caractérise par plusieurs changements. Ainsi dans les années 1980, notamment, sont apparus sur la scène littéraire des écrivains originaires d’Afrique postindépendance. Cette nouvelle génération est arrivée avec des thématiques comme celles de l’exil, de l’écriture, etc.Cette observation permet à l’auteure d’enchaîner sur son principal sujet qui concerne davantage les écriva...

  8. Le gastéropode prédateur Rapana venosa : point sur les connaissances et expérimentations au laboratoire

    OpenAIRE

    Joly, Jean-Pierre; Bouget, Jean-francois; Hirata, Toshio

    2002-01-01

    L’implantation récente de Rapana venosa, gastéropode prédateur originaire d’Extrême Orient, en plusieurs points du globe (USA, France, Uruguay, Argentine) et son impact sur les populations de bivalves autochtones justifient un certains nombre de recherches engagées par les pays concernés. Le présent rapport compile les dernières informations scientifiques disponibles sur la biologie de R. venosa. Par ailleurs, l’opportunité d’obtenir des pontes en milieu naturel et en captivité en 2001 a perm...

  9. IMPACT DE METARHIZIUM ANISOPLIAE VAR ACRIDUM, SUR LES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Deux investigations ont porté sur l'impact direct du champignon Metarhizium anisopliae var acridum (IMI-91609 :souche de Zonocerus variegatus) sur la mortalité et sur son impact indirect sur la progéniture de deux hyménoptères : Anagyrus lopezi (De Santis) (Hymenoptera : Encyrtidea) utilisé dans la lutte biologique ...

  10. Stratégies collectives et contrepouvoir : diversité des formes et impact sur la performance. L’exemple de la gestion des déchets industriels.

    OpenAIRE

    Virginie Noireaux; Carole Poirel

    2014-01-01

    Cet article porte sur les stratégies collectives de contrepouvoir dans le secteur des déchets industriels en France. Alors que les théories des canaux de distribution n’ont fait qu’évoquer la coalition d’acteurs comme solution stratégique, le courant des

  11. Sur les pas de Rouletabille

    OpenAIRE

    Martin-Mercier, Sylvie

    2009-01-01

    À partir d’un corpus multilingue et multigenre (romans, romans policiers, nouvelles, poésies, comptines), nous souhaitons dégager l’image du journaliste telle qu’elle apparaît dans la littérature de jeunesse des années cinquante à nos jours, en France et Italie, avec un excursus dans la littérature anglaise. Au-delà des représentations, il s’agira notamment de faire émerger les fonctions du journaliste tant au niveau de l’histoire que de la narration. Dépassant l’image stéréotypée du journali...

  12. [Epidemiology of burns in France].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latarjet, Jacques; Ravat, François

    2012-01-01

    As with most traumas, the epidemiology of the "burn" health-event has long been neglected by public health doctors and rarely considered by burns specialists. There were therefore few verified data and many approximations and preconceived ideas. The gathering of information recently undertaken in France enables the reliability of the data to be improved and the diagnostic and demographic elements relating to hospitalised patients with burns to be established.

  13. Preparing and Training for the Full Spectrum of Military Challenges. Insights from the Experiences of China, France, the United Kingdom, India, and Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    de la Commission de la Défense Nationale et des Forces Armées sur le Projet de Loi de Finances...goal of the management of French training, and these norms are focused on 32 Niagale Bagayoko, and Anne Kovacs, La Gestion Interministérielle des ...Paris, France, March 3, 2008. 49 Hart, Avis Présenté au Nom de la Commission de la Défense Nationale et des Forces Armées sur le Projet de Loi

  14. Ethos de l’État et pathos communicationnel : les campagnes gouvernementales de lutte contre les violences faites aux femmes (Chili, France 2006-2010)

    OpenAIRE

    Orellana, Myriam Hernández; Kunert, Stéphanie

    2015-01-01

    Cet article porte sur les campagnes de communication gouvernementale de lutte contre les violences faites aux femmes au Chili et en France (2006-2010), deux contextes sociopolitiques distincts qui déterminent des conditions d’élaboration et d’énonciation différentes. À travers l’analyse rhétorique et sémiologique de ces discours et images visant à agir sur les attitudes et les comportements, nous proposons de repérer certains traits caractéristiques des campagnes de communication gouvernement...

  15. EFFET DE LA DENSITE SUR LES PARAMETRES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    L'étude vise à déterminer l'effet de l'association légumineuse-cocotier et de la densité des peuplements de Acacia auriculaeformis sur la croissance des arbres et la production de bois. Deux types d'arrangements spatiaux et 3 écartements en plantation ont été étudiés, en zone littorale sur sables quaternaires en Côte.

  16. Foreign driving licences in France

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    The following information is subject to possible amendments decided by the competent French authorities. Those wishing to undertake the necessary steps with the prefectural services of the Departments of the Ain and Haute-Savoie may obtain information by calling the following numbers: + 33 4 74 32 30 65 for the Ain and + 33 4 50 33 60 00 for Haute-Savoie. 1. PERSONS RESIDING IN FRANCE 1.1 Driving licences issued by a State belonging to the EU or the EEA a) Recognition on French territory All currently valid driving licences issued by States belonging to the European Union (EU) or to the European Economic Area (EEA) are generally valid for driving on French territory. However, if the licence was originally obtained in exchange for a licence issued by a State not belonging to the EU or to the EEA and with which France has not concluded a reciprocity agreement, it will be recognised for a maximum of one year following the date of establishment of normal residence in France ...

  17. FOREIGN DRIVING LICENCES IN FRANCE

    CERN Multimedia

    DSU Unit

    2008-01-01

    The following information is provided subject to possible amendments decided by the competent French authorities. Those wishing to undertake the necessary steps with the prefectural services of the Departments of Ain and Haute-Savoie may obtain information by calling the following numbers: + 33 474 32 30 65 for Ain and + 33 450 33 60 00 for Haute-Savoie. 1. PEOPLE RESIDING IN FRANCE 1.1 Driving licences issued by a state belonging to the EU or the EEA a) Recognition on French territory All currently valid driving licences issued by States belonging to the European Union (EU) or to the European Economic Area (EEA) are generally valid for driving on French territory. However, if the licence was originally obtained in exchange for a licence issued by a State not belonging to the EU or to the EEA with which France has not concluded a reciprocity agreement, it is recognised only up to one year following the date of establishment of normal residence in France (date of the first special residence permit issu...

  18. Un opérateur à peine franc-comtois

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Várkonyi Zsófia

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude, fondée sur l’observation de l’utilisation du morphème "à peine" dans le parler franc-comtois, vise à déterminer s’il est nécessaire de lui conférer une description sémantique spécifique (différente de celle du morphème en français standard. En effet, on verra que l’usage typiquement franc-comtois de "à peine" produit des énoncés qui sont difficilement interprétables pour un locuteur non franc-comtois. Pour être en mesure d’affirmer qu’il s’agit bien d’un usage dialectal, et de rendre compte de la différence entre ce dernier et l’emploi standard, je propose une description sémantique minimale de l’expression standard (inspirée de la description proposée par (Ducrot, 1972, et sa confrontation à l’emploi sous examen. Dans les travaux concernant les articulateurs qui ont été effectués dans le cadre des théories argumentationnelles, on décrit habituellement les opérateurs "un peu" et "à peine" comme anti-orientés. Or, l’observation de terrain et les tests réalisés auprès des locuteurs francs-comtois indiquent que "à peine", dans son usage dialectal est co-orienté avec "un peu". Les instructions sémantiques utilisés pour décrire le "à peine" dialectal ne peuvent donc être les mêmes que l’on utilise pour décrire le "à peine" standard. Les tests qui sont présentés dans cette étude servent uniquement à suggérer les éléments principaux de la description, ils ne doivent pas être compris comme des tests sociolinguistiques. Néanmoins, ce travail peut ouvrir une piste pour une étude sociolinguistique plus approfondie

  19. Energy statistics France - June 2008; Statistiques energetiques France - juin 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This document summarizes in a series of tables and graphics the energy statistics for France for the last decades and up to 2007: resources, uses, prices, net imports and domestic market consumption for petroleum, natural gas, electricity, and solid mineral fuels (coal, lignite, coke). 2007 statistics are presented separately for each energy source (availability, uses). The evolution of the domestic energy production and consumption and the end-use consumption per sector is also summarized for the last decades. Some primary consumption forecasts are given for 2030. (J.S.)

  20. Un article du Canadian Geographic se penche sur la recherche sur ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    17 mars 2016 ... Manifestants à Kampala marchent vers la cour en 2012 pour livrer plainte sur le retard de la délivrance sur le jugement du cas CEHURD impliquant Sylvia Nalubowa et Jennifer Anguko, deux femmes mortes en accouchant (Photo : CEHURD). Un chercheur subventionné par le CRDI retient l'attention de la ...

  1. La publicisation des eaux. Rationalité et politique dans la gestion de l'eau en France (1964-2003)

    OpenAIRE

    Le Bourhis, Jean-Pierre

    2004-01-01

    The thesis examines french water policies, focusing on river-basin management institutions and procedures (SAGE). It includes several case-studies in various regions of France (Provence, Rhône-Alpes, Nord-Pas de Calais).; La thèse porte sur les transformations des politiques de l'eau en France durant les quatre dernières décennies, au niveau central et local. Elle vise à comprendre les difficultés de mise-en-œuvre de ces politiques et, plus précisément, les obstacles qui s'opposent aux tentat...

  2. Le Centre Bermond-Boquié : centre de recherche et d’information sur l’édition francophone pour la jeunesse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauriane Labes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Du Centre d’Information sur la Littérature Jeunesse au Centre Bermond-BoquiéLe Centre Bermond-Boquié voit le jour en 1999 suite à la donation généreuse de deux critiques littéraires et animateurs d'une émission de radio consacrée à la littérature jeunesse diffusée sur France Culture : « Le livre : ouverture sur la vie ». Monique Bermond et Roger Boquié donnent à la ville de Nantes plus de 24 000 documents collectés durant leur activité de la fin des années cinquante à 1998. Durant toutes ces ...

  3. No. 3451 proposition of resolution aiming to the creation of an inquiry commission on the electric power failure which occurred saturday the fourth of November 2006 in Europe, deprived of electricity one french household for ten, and on the necessity of revise the french and european energy policy to take necessary preventive measures; No. 3451 proposition de resolution tendant a la creation d'une commission d'enquete sur la panne d'electricite survenue le samedi 4 novembre 2006 en Europe, qui a prive de courant environ un foyer francais sur dix, et sur la necessite de reviser la politique energetique en France et en Europe pour prendre les mesures preventives qui s'imposent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-11-15

    Saturday, the fourth November 2006, 10 millions of people in Europe were deprived of electricity during one hour and a half. The reasons of this failure are not yet correctly defined: overvoltage in Germany, temperature decrease, failure of the distribution lines... It seems that the liberalization of the energy sector, the necessity of the financial return and the system of direct logistics flow mement are not compatible with the missions of public electric utilities. In this context the National Assembly created an inquiry commission to investigate on this failure and on the national transport and distribution of energy in France. (A.L.B.)

  4. Events - France. Stock exchange. International; Actualite - France. Bourse. International

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2000-10-01

    These columns made of short articles report on facts and events in the oil and gas industry in France and worldwide: 1 - France: increase of the production capacity of the ethylene oxide unit of BP's Lavera plant; the 'Plateaux-du-Vexin' gas pipeline crosses the Seine river; completion of the pumping of the front wreckage of the Erika tanker ship; Total inaugurates a vapor recovery unit at the Gonfreville l'Orcher refinery; a national energy saving plan for the abatement of the greenhouse effect; Sercel, a daughter company of Compagnie Generale de Geophysique (CGG), acquires Mark Products division of Shaw industries; the oil prices shoot the international trade; 2 - stock exchange: trend of market values in the context of oil crisis; 3 - international: important oil and gas strike made by TotalFinaElf and OKIOC (Offshore Kazakhstan International Operating Company) in Kazakhstan; communication: a new look for BP; status of Lukoil reserves in Russia; next round for the exploration of the Norwegian North Sea; Transocean Sedco Forex absorbs R and B Falcon Corp and becomes the first drilling contractor; ENI (Italy) becomes operator on the development of South Pars gas field (Iran) for the phases 4 and 5; Shell Overseas Investments BV, BP and Exxon Mobil have signed strategic alliance agreements with China Petroleum and Chemical Corp (Sinopec); first exploration permits for the Faeroe islands; different gas pricing rules for the industrialists in the different European countries. (J.S.)

  5. [Health and politics in France].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabuteau, Didier

    2012-06-01

    Health is a dual notion. It is individual, singular and intimate. It is also collective, statistical and political. The modern problematic of health relies upon a balance of complex relations between individual and collective acceptances of the notion. You can try to outline the evolutions and the main concepts through a quadruple approach: health and politics, health and its professionals, health and society and in the end, health and the State. The relationships between health and politics in France are affected by the historical delay of France in public health, namely because of a structural weakness of the administrative organization of public health. Nevertheless France developed a dense and well organized care system and a universal social protection against the disease. The creation of the health professions in France was marked by a historical opposition between the doctors and the state which led to a failure of hygienist medicine and a fundamental misunderstanding on health insurance. Medical domination led to the organization of a system based on professional dichotomy and the delegation of the regulation skills to the health care professionals. The role of health issues in the French society was deeply renewed by the development of the medical and epidemiological knowledge. This resulted in a new political responsibility in the management of health risks but also in the confirmation of the patients' rights and the role of their associations in the health systems operations and the piloting of public policies. In this environment, the state has recently and progressively confirmed its dominating role in the health sector. A public hospital service was created In the 60's and 70's, then in the 80's there were recurrent interventions in order to control health spendings and eventually in the 90's health safety devices were set up. More recently, a process of health policies institutionalization confirmed this evolution. In the future, health issues should

  6. Eric Charmes, La ville émiettée. Essai sur la clubbisation de la vie urbaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphaël Frétigny

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Si son titre ne le traduit pas explicitement, le récent ouvrage d’Eric Charmes La ville émiettée. Essai sur la clubbisation de la vie urbaine porte essentiellement sur l’espace périurbain, dont l’auteur est aujourd’hui un des meilleurs spécialistes en France. Ce travail se situe à l’opposé des stigmatisations habituelles du périurbain, trop souvent présenté comme un junk space peuplé de populations rejetées hors des villes. Au contraire, l’auteur met ce « tiers espace » (Vanier, 2001 au cœur...

  7. The public safety and Gaz de France; La securite du public et Gaz de France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    In the framework of its utilities missions, Gaz de France has to assure the public safety and the continuity of the gas supply chain. To avoid accidents and help victims of accidents, Gas de France implemented a system of financial assistance but also a preventive action to verify the installations. The first part of the document presents the liabilities of Gas de France, the second part deals with the voluntarist approach of Gas de france towards the public safety. (A.L.B.)

  8. Corrigendum - Income tax in France

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    Memorandum from the HR and FI Departments and the Legal Service concerning the 2007 income tax declaration Since the French tax authorities have modified the tax declaration form, we recommend that you write your statement "Membre du personnel du CERN assujetti à l’impôt interne du CERN et, à ce titre, exonéré d’impôt sur les traitements et émoluments versés par le CERN" (member of the CERN personnel subject to internal CERN taxation and therefore exempt from taxation on the salary and emoluments paid by CERN) in section E "Renseignements complémentaires" rather than in the final section "Autres renseignements" as previously advised (cf. Bulletin CERN No.18 and 19 – 28 April and 5 May 2008). HR Department Contact: 73903

  9. CORRIGENDUM - INCOME TAX IN FRANCE

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    Memorandum from the HR and FI Departments and the Legal Service concerning the 2007 income tax declaration Since the French tax authorities have modified the tax declaration form, we recommend that you write your statement "Membre du personnel du CERN assujetti à l’impôt interne du CERN et, à ce titre, exonéré d’impôt sur les traitements et émoluments versés par le CERN" (member of the CERN personnel subject to internal CERN taxation and therefore exempt from taxation on the salary and emoluments paid by CERN) in section E "Renseignements complémentaires" rather than in the final section "Autres renseignements" as previously advised (cf. Bulletin CERN No. 18 and 19 – 28 April and 5 May 2008). HR Department Contact: 73903

  10. Management of snakebites in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Haro, Luc

    2012-09-15

    Although not a major health problem in Europe, snakebite in the old continent was the focus of recent studies to evaluate their overall incidence and define management techniques. The purpose of this three-part report is to present the experience of the Marseille Poison Centre with snakebite in France. The first section deals with viper envenomation that now benefits from a validated therapeutic protocol using of purified antivenom of proven efficacy and tolerance in patients showing grade 2 and 3 symptoms. The second section describes the highly variable snakebite situation in French overseas territories that include areas where local species require specialized management, e.g. Martinique and French Guiana. The third section involves the emerging problems associated with the keeping of exotic snakes as pets with problems related to the use of antivenoms from foreign countries. The exotic-snake pets fashion was at the origin of the creation of a national antivenom bank by two French poison centers (Angers and Marseille) to ensure prompt delivery of antivenoms for exotic snake envenomation anywhere in mainland France. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Segmentation du muscle pectoral sur une mammographie

    OpenAIRE

    Boucher, Arnaud; Jouve, Pierre; Cloppet, Florence; Vincent, Nicole

    2009-01-01

    National audience; L'objectif de cette étude est la segmentation du muscle pectoral sur une mammographie. Ce travail a pour but de faciliter le recalage géométrique de paires d'images mammographiques par l'extraction fiable de points de repère. La sémantique de l'image est exploitée pour extraire des points de repère basés sur l'anatomie. La technique d'extraction utilisée est basée sur les contours actifs pour lesquels nous proposons de construire différentes énergies.

  12. La Dive bouteille en France : une analyse sémiologique et linguistique de son discours et de ses images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurette Château

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available  « Tout dégustateur le sait : la dégustation du vin, c’est en même temps celle des mots. Ils en disent long sur le vin, mais aussi sur celui qui en parle et sur le monde qui nous entoure. »En 1957, R. Barthes remarquait dans Mythologies, dans l’article intitulé « Le vin et le lait », que « le vin est senti par la nation française comme un bien qui lui est propre, au même titre que ses trois cent soixante espèces de fromages et sa culture. » Qu’en est-il en France, à l’heure actuelle, de cette...

  13. Cartes sur fonds d'images spatiales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernand VERGER

    1988-06-01

    Full Text Available La qualité géométrique, la vue synoptique sur de grandes étendues, le caractère souvent expressif des images obtenues à partir de l'espace ont provoqué l'utilisation de fonds d'images spatiales avec des surcharges chorogra phiques. On peut proposer une typologie de ces documents sur fonds d'images satellitaires dont un spécimen au 1/25 000 est présenté à partir des données SPOT.

  14. NUTRITION Les bases de la politique nutritionnelle de santé publique en France : le constat et les recommandations du HCSP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hercberg Serge

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La mise en place d’une politique nutritionnelle apparaît comme une grande priorité de santé publique en France, comme dans l’ensemble de l’Europe. Outre les immenses enjeux humains, sociaux et économiques, les relations entre l’alimentation et la santé ont comme particularité : de concerner l’ensemble de la population; de reposer sur des connaissances scientifiques bien documentées; de concerner des facteurs de risque (ou de protection bien identifiés sur lesquels il est possible d’intervenir; d’avoir un impact important sur l’incidence des grandes maladies chroniques; d’impliquer, autour du consommateur, de multiples acteurs du champ de la nutrition; et d’avoir des références en termes de faisabilité. Pour toutes ces raisons, il apparaît aujourd’hui indispensable de faire, en France, de la promotion de la nutrition et de l’activité physique, un grand « programme national nutrition-santé », impliquant l’ensemble des acteurs concernés et disposant des moyens à la hauteur de ses ambitions. C’est la conclusion du groupe de travail ayant rédigé le rapport « Pour une politique nutritionnelle de santé publique en France : enjeux et propositions », sous l’égide du HCSP.

  15. Administrative and Judicial Cooperation in France

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vervaele, J.A.E.

    2002-01-01

    There is very little knowledge in the Netherlands of how economic private law and public law are enforced in France. In France too, however, scant information can be gleaned. There is little if any contact in the university community between criminal law and administrative law, partly because

  16. Geopolitica, economia y solidaridad internacional en la nueva cooperacion Sur-Sur: el caso de la Venezuela Bolivariana y PETROCARIBE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Benzi, Daniele; Zapata, Ximena

    2013-01-01

    .... Se plantea que la emergencia de esta propuesta, al igual que otras iniciativas de cooperacion Sur-Sur, esta claramente vinculada a objetivos estrategicos de politica exterior que remiten basicamente...

  17. Divagations sur champ pénal (mars 2004)

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Demonchy

    2007-01-01

    En droit, la divagation d'un animal domestique est le fait que la personne responsable de cet animal le laisse errer sur la voie publique ou sur les biens d'autrui. Les divagations sur champ pénal sont-elles répréhensibles ?

  18. Gestion des agroecosystemes sur le mont agou en zone forestiere ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'étude est une contribution à la connaissance du mode de gestion des paysages agraires par les populations locales sur le Mont Agou en zone forestière sur l'Atakora au Togo. Les pratiques agricoles sont fondées sur des conceptions des paysans pour un double objectif : assurer des revenus permanents et garantir une ...

  19. Recent Demographic Developments in France

    OpenAIRE

    France Prioux

    2006-01-01

    L?accroissement naturel en France continue à être l?un des plus élevés de l?Union européenne, car la structure par âge de la population est encore assez favorable aux naissances, et relativement peu aux décès. Le solde migratoire évalué est relativement faible en comparaison denos voisins, mais lenombre de titres de séjour délivrés à des étrangers s?est beaucoup accru ces dernières années. Après une forte hausse en 2000, l?indicateur conjoncturel de fécondité est resté stable en 2001 et 2002 ...

  20. Sheep feed and scrapie, France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philippe, Sandrine; Ducrot, Christian; Roy, Pascal; Remontet, Laurent; Jarrige, Nathalie; Calavas, Didier

    2005-08-01

    Scrapie is a small ruminant, transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE). Although in the past scrapie has not been considered a zoonosis, the emergence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, transmissible to humans and experimentally to sheep, indicates that risk exists for small ruminant TSEs in humans. To identify the risk factors for introducing scrapie into sheep flocks, a case-control study was conducted in France from 1999 to 2000. Ninety-four case and 350 control flocks were matched by location and main breed. Three main hypotheses were tested: direct contact between flocks, indirect environmental contact, and foodborne risk. Statistical analysis was performed by using adjusted generalized linear models with the complementary log-log link function, considering flock size as an offset. A notable effect of using proprietary concentrates and milk replacers was observed. The risk was heterogeneous among feed factories. Contacts between flocks were not shown to be a risk factor.

  1. THE ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM IN FRANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DOINA POPESCU

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available According to the Constitution promulgated on the 6th of October 1958, with the latest amendments made in 1999, France is a presidential republic. The three authority branches are broadly represented in the French administration: the judicial branch – French courts of law are divided into: judicial courts and administrative courts. Judicial courts are under the supreme authority of the Court of Cassation with jurisdiction to cancel judgments passed courts on inferior hierarchy levels and plays a central role in the appropriate performance of the activity. The legislative body - normally, the legislation is voted by Parliament. French Parliament is comprised of two chambers: the National Assembly and the Senate. The National Assembly is elected for five years by way of direct universal voting. The Senate is elected by way of indirect universal voting by the electoral group. The election system is based on rules contained in the Election Code. The executive authority is divided between the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister. The President of the Republic makes the appointments for civil and military positions located at the highest state level. The Council of Ministers is responsible for appointing the positions of state councillors, prefect and public administration director. The central government is headed by the Prime Minister. Regional authorities – the regions are free territories administered by elected Councils. As far as the metropolitan part of France is concerned, there are 22 such territories, to which are added other four districts / counties which are located out of borders. The region’s Prefect represents the state and is empowered to deploy legal actions in order to protect the state’s best interest. County authorities – there are currently 96 de districts, to which four other territories located out of borders are added, as well as the territorial communities of Mayoutte and St-Pierre et Miquelon. There are

  2. Late abortion meeting, Paris / France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spinelli, A

    1989-01-01

    On January 27 and 28, 1989 a workshop and a meeting were organized in Paris by Mouvement Francais pour le Planning Familial (MFPF/France) and the IPPF Europe Region. The workshop was held on the first day. 24 staff and volunteers from Planned Parenthood Associations of 15 countries attended, reviewing abortion laws, the definition of therapeutic abortion, and the incidence and problems of second trimester abortion. Second trimester abortion is available in only a few European countries. Second trimester abortions are rare in France (about 2000 per annum), and in 1986 1717 French women travelled to England in order to seek an abortion. All late abortions are performed for serious reasons. Older women may mistake signs of pregnancy for the onset of the menopause; and women fearful of social or familial punishment, especially teenagers, may be reluctant to consult a doctor. The experiences of Denmark and Sweden, where the problem is partially solved, suggest some strategies: optimize accessibility of contraceptive services, particularly for women at higher risk of late abortion; diminish the taboo surrounding abortion, so that women are less frightened to seek help at an early stage of pregnancy; make abortion services available in all regions of the country; avert time-consuming enforced waiting periods or consent for minors; and stimulate public information campaigns on the importance of seeking help early. On January 28 a meeting involving about 200 participants took place at the Universite Paris Dauphine, Salle Raymond Aron. Speakers at the meeting discussed the issue of late abortion in Europe, the difficulties of obtaining late abortions, counseling, medical problems, the woman's point of view, and possible solutions. At the close of the meeting, the MFPF called on the French government to modify some of the articles in the Penal Code that restrict women's access to safe and legal abortion.

  3. Note sur le post-Taylorisme

    OpenAIRE

    Barrier, Christiane

    1994-01-01

    International audience; Cet article revient sur deux anciens numéros de la revue Sociologie du travail en partie consacrés au post-taylorisme, et avance l'idée d'une insuffisance de l'épistémologie sociologique chez les sociologues du travail français.

  4. Étude du Partenariat de recherche sur l'influenza aviaire en Asie sur ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Étude du Partenariat de recherche sur l'influenza aviaire en Asie sur l'efficacité des mesures de lutte. L'influenza aviaire hautement pathogène (H5N1) est une grave maladie qui touche la volaille et contamine les êtres humains dans une faible proportion. L'Organisation mondiale de la santé croit que le virus pourrait subir ...

  5. Impact du revêtement sur le comportement à l'usure et sur la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Impact du revêtement sur le comportement à l'usure et sur la rugosité de la surface usinée en fraisage frontal de l'acier C18. Mohieddine Benghersallah et Lakhdar Boulanouar. Laboratoire Mécanique des Matériaux et Maintenance Industrielle (LR3MI),. Département de Génie Mécanique,. Université Badji Mokhtar, BP12, ...

  6. Information from the HR Department for members of the personnel residing in FRANCE

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    Tax assessment notice sent by the French Tax Centre Members of the personnel residing in France have received (or are about to receive) a document issued by their local Centre des Impôts (CDI) entitled «Avis d’impôt – IMPÔT SUR LES REVENUS DE 2006». The document states in particular that: «La déclaration que vous avez déposée ne comporte aucun revenu pour l’année 2006. Je vous informe que le présent avis ne constitue pas un justificatif d’absence de tout revenu. Vous avez perçu des revenus en provenance d’organismes internationaux, de missions diplomatiques ou consulaires exonérés d’impôt en France. Indiquez-les au bas de cet avis» [1] This document must not be returned to your CDI. However, you must keep it as the French authorities may ask you to produce it as evidence of your tax position in France. Further information may be obtained directly from your CDI. HR DepartmentTel: 73903 [1] CERN translation, for information only: "The declaration...

  7. La Franc-maçonnerie à l’épreuve de la Révolution française : Une expérience aux origines de la Franc-maçonnerie libérale

    OpenAIRE

    Éric Saunier

    2014-01-01

    Après vingt ans de travaux réalisés en vue d’éclaircir la relation entre franc-maçonnerie et Révolution Française, il est temps d’extraire quelques enseignements concernant les expériences historiographiques. Ce qui nous permettra d’entrevoir les chemins qui s’ouvrent à nous dans la recherche sur cette sociabilité dans une des périodes les plus importantes de son histoire.

  8. The PermaFRANCE network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoeneich, Philippe

    2010-05-01

    A French long term monitoring network of permafrost and frost related processes, named PermaFRANCE, is being built since two years. It will represent the French contribution to the Alpine wide PermaNET network. The PermaFRANCE network will focus not only on permafrost, but on all frost related phenomena at different altitudinal levels, including both thermal monitoring and process observation and monitoring : 1) continuous and discontinuous permafrost in rock walls : - thermal monitoring is mainly performed at the Aiguille du Midi (Mont Blanc massif) and includes rock surface temperature (RST) and temperature profils in medium depth boreholes (10 m) ; - inventory and observation of rockfall activity in high mountain rock walls : this action concerns the whole Mont Blanc area and is based on a hitorical inventory and an observation of current activity based on a network of observers and contributors ; 2) discontinuous permafrost is surficial deposits and flat bedrock : - thermal monitoring is performed on five rockglacier sites and includes ground surface temperature (GST) and annual BTS campaigns on some sites. Two medium depth boreholes (15 m) have been made in 2009 on one site, and equipped for thermal profile monitoring. A deep borehole (100 m) will be made in 2010 at 45° N latitude ; - geophysical monitoring is performed on 4 sites : repeated vertical electrical soundings exist for some sites since 20 years, and have been complemented since 2007 by eletrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and refraction seismics ; - surficial displacements of rockglaciers : surficial displacements are measured either by classical geodesy or by DGPS on 6 rockglaciers ; 3) sporadic permafrost at middle altitudes : - an inventory of cold scree slopes and biological investigations on soil and tree growth (dendrogeomorphology) have already been achieved ; - a thermal monitoring should be initiated on selected sites in 2010 ; 4) seasonal frost and frost/thaw cycles at middle and low

  9. Franc-maçonnerie et alchimie

    OpenAIRE

    Kahn, Didier

    2012-01-01

    Réactualisation d'un article paru sous ce titre : " Alchimie et franc-maçonnerie au XVIIIe siècle ", dans : Mutus Liber Latomorum. "Le Livre Muet des Francs-Maçons", Paris : J.-C. Bailly Éditeur, 1993, p. 25-38.; We try here to give a short historical account of the relationship between alchemy and freemasonry in the 18th century.; On tente ici un rapide historique des rapports entre franc-maçonnerie et alchimie au XVIIIe siècle.

  10. Geochemical signatures of fluid paleo-transfer in fracture filling calcite from low permeability rock masses: examples taken from Bure's and Tournemire's site in France and northern Switzerland; Signatures geochimiques de paleocirculations aqueuses dans la calcite de remplissage de fracture de massifs argileux peu permeables et de leurs encaissants: exemples pris sur les sites de Bure, Tournemire et Suisse du nord

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lecocq, D

    2002-12-15

    Fractures in rock masses represent preferential path for fluid transfer and, as such, are the most efficient way for migration of radionuclides at a regional scale. The impact of fracturing on hydrogeological system is a major challenge for underground radioactive waste storage projects. In this context, geochemistry of fracture-filling calcite is used to better understand physical and chemical properties of palaeo-fluids. A new methodology has been developed to analyze Mg, Mn, Fe, Sr and Rare Earth Elements REE (La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Dy and Yb) in calcite by Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry. Analyses of calcite crystals have been performed in fractures from Jurassic clays and limestones in France (Bure and Tournemire sites) and northern Switzerland (Mt Terri's tunnel and deep borehole). On each case, several geochemical signatures are observed, according to REE partitioning and Mn and Fe concentrations. In the Bure site, a dependence of calcite geochemistry from fracture host rock has been evidenced. On the other hand, speciation of REE in solution equilibrated with clayey or calcareous rocks at circum-neutral pH (7 to 8) is not significantly influenced by the media: speciation is dominated by carbonate species in both cases and phosphate complexes can modify heavy REE availability in relatively to light REE. These results point out that in fractures in clays, calcite crystallizes at equilibrium with a fluid expulsed during diagenesis from clay minerals, recording the effect of clays and accessory phases. In limestone fractures, calcite records a later event related to the past functioning of the present aquifer, and the fluid has reached equilibrium with the rock minerals. In secondary filling calcite from Toarcian Argilites faults close to Tournemire's tunnel, three successive generations of calcite are observed in an extensive fault, and a fourth in a compressive one. In Aalenian Opalinus Clays veins, comparison between existing isotopic data and Mn, Fe

  11. VISAS FOR SWITZERLAND AND FRANCE

    CERN Document Server

    Service des Relations avec les Pays Hôtes

    2000-01-01

    ReminderAs a precautionary measure, everyone coming to CERN should obtain all the requisite information in good time on entry requirements applying to him or her in Switzerland and France, particularly with regard to visas. The practice is for visas to be issued by the consulate competent for the place of residence, and in some cases a special procedure must be followed.Swiss and French consulates are available for any information required. You may also consult the Web pages of the Swiss Department of Foreign Affairs (at http://194.6.168.115/site/hand/eda/botschaften-text.html) or those of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (at http://www.diplomatie.fr/venir/visas/index.html). Information is also provided on the Relations with the Host States Service Web pages (at http://www.cern.ch/relations/). The authorities of the Host States have informed the Organisation on several occasions that they require scrupulous observance of the legislation in this field.Relations with the Host States Servicehttp://www.cern...

  12. Cold wake of Hurricane Frances

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Asaro, Eric A.; Sanford, Thomas B.; Niiler, P. Peter; Terrill, Eric J.

    2007-08-01

    An array of instruments air-deployed ahead of Hurricane Frances measured the three-dimensional, time dependent response of the ocean to this strong (60 ms-1) storm. Sea surface temperature cooled by up to 2.2°C with the greatest cooling occurring in a 50-km-wide band centered 60-85 km to the right of the track. The cooling was almost entirely due to vertical mixing, not air-sea heat fluxes. Currents of up to 1.6 ms-1 and thermocline displacements of up to 50 m dispersed as near-inertial internal waves. The heat in excess of 26°C, decreased behind the storm due primarily to horizontal advection of heat away from the storm track, with a small contribution from mixing across the 26°C isotherm. SST cooling under the storm core (0.4°C) produced a 16% decrease in air-sea heat flux implying an approximately 5 ms-1 reduction in peak winds

  13. Cervical cancer screening in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaffer, P; Sancho-Garnier, H; Fender, M; Dellenbach, P; Carbillet, J P; Monnet, E; Gauthier, G P; Garnier, A

    2000-11-01

    In France, as in other European countries the incidence and mortality rates of carcinoma of the cervix uteri indicate a clear decrease in invasive cancers. Opportunistic screening has spread and, presently, approximately 60% of the female population undergo a regular cytological test. This rate increases up to 80% in the younger age groups and decreases to 20% after the age of 60 years. In 1990, intervention procedures were defined at a consensus conference; the major recommendations were to screen all women exclusively by cervical smears, for ages 25-65 years over a 3-year period. Guidelines on the quality control of cervical smear taking and reading were published by the national agency of evaluation of health intervention (ANAES). Since 1990, four population-based, organised pilot programmes, have been implemented in Isère. Doubs, Bas-Rhin and Martinique. These programmes evaluate the participation rate (from approximately 20-80% depending upon the age and the geographical area), the rate of abnormal tests (0.2-3%), according to the laboratories, the cancer detection rate (0.04%-0.15%) and some other quality indicators. Recently (November 1998) a law was passed stipulating that the screening test will be free of charge when performed in agreement with the national recommendations. A specific organisation for cytological quality control will be implemented. An effort to better identify and to include the screening process the women in the population who are not yet participating has to be made.

  14. VISAS FOR SWITZERLAND AND FRANCE

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2001-01-01

    Henceforth only the undermentioned persons shall be authorized by the Advisor for Relations with the Member States and the Advisor for Relations with the non-Member States to sign official letters of invitation and other related documents : James V. ALLABY Lyndon EVANS Cecilia JARLSKOG Nicolas KOULBERG Hélène MAUGER Michelle MAZERAND Steve MYERS Chris ONIONS Monica PEPE-ALTARELLI Agnita QUERROU Karl-Heinz SCHINDL. As a precautionary measure, all persons coming to CERN should obtain all the requisite information in good time on entry requirements applying to him or her in Switzerland and France, particularly with regard to visas. The practice is for visas to be issued by the consulate competent for the place of residence, and in some cases a special procedure must be followed. Any further information required may be obtained from the Swiss and French consulates. You may also consult the Web pages of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (at http://www.eda.admin.ch/eda/e/home/e...

  15. VISAS FOR SWITZERLAND AND FRANCE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service des Relations avec les Pays Hôtes

    1999-01-01

    As a precautionary measure, everyone coming to CERN should obtain all the requisite information in good time on entry requirements applying to him or her in Switzerland and France, particularly with regard to visas. The practice is for visas to be issued by the consulate competent for the place of residence, and in some cases a special procedure must be followed.Swiss and French consulates are available for any information required. You may also consult the Web pages of the Swiss Department of Foreign Affairs (at http://194.6.168.115/site/hand/eda/botschaften-text.html) or those of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (at http://www.diplomatie.fr/venir/visas/index.html). Information is also provided on the Relations with the Host States Service Web pages (at http://www.cern.ch/relations/). The authorities of the Host States have informed the Organization on several occasions that they require scrupulous observance of the legislation in this field.Relations with the Host StatesServicehttp://www.cern.ch/relat...

  16. L’évolution des pratiques agricoles face aux enjeux de la qualité de l’eau : le bassin de l’Oudon (France)

    OpenAIRE

    Laurent, François

    2015-01-01

    L’alimentation en eau et la protection des milieux aquatiques sont confrontées aux pollutions diffuses d’origine agricole dans le nord-ouest de la France. Les politiques de gestion des ressources en eau s’appuient à présent sur la participation des agriculteurs afin de concevoir des solutions adaptées aux territoires. En effet, si la réglementation est nécessaire, elle n’est pas suffisante pour atteindre une qualité satisfaisante sur de nombreux bassins versants fortement pollués par les nitr...

  17. A la découverte des associations professionnelles de comptables salariés en France (milieu du XIXe siècle – Entre-deux-guerres)

    OpenAIRE

    Labardin, Pierre

    2008-01-01

    International audience; L'histoire des comptables s'est concentrée depuis plusieurs décennies sur celle des experts-comptables et des commissaires aux comptes. A contresens de cette tradition, cette communication s'intéresse aux associations de comptables salariés en France sur la période s'étendant du milieu du XIXe siècle à la fin de l'Entre-deux-guerres. Il s'agit ici de dresser un premier panorama de ces associations. Il faudra tout d'abord les définir, puis les différencier par rapport a...

  18. 75 FR 16839 - Sorbitol From France

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION Sorbitol From France AGENCY: United States International Trade Commission. ACTION: Revised schedule for the subject review. DATES: Effective Date: Date of Commission approval. FOR FURTHER...

  19. U.S. — France Counterterrorism Cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N V Ivkina

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the examination of the ground aspects of the U.S. — France counterterrorism cooperation. Main forms and realization principles of this cooperation after September 11, 2001 are under analysis.

  20. Register for the local elections in France

    CERN Document Server

    DSU Department

    2007-01-01

    If you are a European Union citizen residing in France and wish to vote in the forthcoming local elections you must register on the supplementary register at your town hall (mairie) before 31 December 2007. EU citizens are regarded as residing in France if their primary residence is in France or if they live there continuously. To be eligible to vote you must: be a national of one of the 26 listed States of the European Union and present a valid identification document. Residence permits are valid; be at least 18 years old by the closing date of revision of the supplementary electoral register, i.e. by the last day of February; enjoy civic rights both in France and in your State of origin. For more information: http://vosdroits.service-public.fr/particuliers/F1937.xhtml?&n=Elections&l=N4&n=Elections%20politiques&l=N47

  1. Commentaires à propos de la loi française sur le harcèlement moral au travail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-France Hirigoyen

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Les auteurs montreront comment en France, à partir d’une simple description de la souffrance engendrée par le harcèlement, on a aboutit rapidement à une loi sanctionnant ce fléau, puis ils feront le point sur les jurisprudences et sur l’évolution des comportements entraînés par cette loi et enfin, ils proposeront des axes de recherches et des pistes d’amélioration des dispositions législatives existantes.The authors will show how in France, starting with a simple description of the suffering caused by harassment, a law punishing this wrong was quickly arrived at. They will then summarize the jurisprudence and the evolution of the behaviours resulting from this law, and finally, they will propose research orientations and possibilities for improving the existing legislation.Los autores muestran cómo en Francia, a partir de una simple descripción del sufrimiento engendrado por el acoso, se llegó rápidamente a una ley que sanciona esta plaga. Los autores presentan luego, una síntesis de las jurisprudencias y de la evolución de los comportamientos que esta ley produjo y finalmente, proponen ejes de investigación y pistas para el mejoramiento de las disposiciones legislativas existentes.

  2. Explaining attitudes to immigration in France

    OpenAIRE

    DENNISON, James; TALÒ, Teresa

    2017-01-01

    Attitudes to immigration in France, as in most European countries, are highly stable and are in fact becoming slightly more favourable. • France has relatively negative attitudes to immigration when compared with other western European countries. • However, the French see immigration as a relatively unimportant issue affecting their country, considerably less so than other western European electorates. • The recent uptick in perceived importance of immigration in almost all western European c...

  3. Enquêtes sur les soucoupes volantes

    OpenAIRE

    Lagrange, Pierre

    2007-01-01

    La dispute autour du mot « preuve » se réduit à une question : Qu'est-ce qui constitue une preuve ? Faut-il qu'un ovni atterrisse à l'entrée du Pentagone, près des bureaux des chefs d'État-Major ? Ou bien est-ce une preuve quand une station de radar au sol détecte un ovni, envoie un jet l'intercepter, que le pilote du jet le voit et le suit sur son radar pour finir par le voir disparaître à une vitesse phénoménale ? Ou est-ce une preuve quand un pilote tire sur un ovni et maintient son histoi...

  4. Sur la proximité de Dieu.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominic Desroches

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Il n’est pas impertinent, quelque temps après la visite du pape en Terre sainte, de réfléchir à nouveaux frais sur la rencontre des trois grandes religions monothéistes (judaïsme, christianisme et islam et sur leur destin commun. Le moment est peut-être d’autant mieux choisi qu’on peut le faire aujourd’hui dans le sillage de Peter Sloterdijk, qui s’est livré, dès 2007, à ce genre d’exercice dans son ouvrage Gottes Eifer , traduit en français par Olivier Mannoni en 2008 ...

  5. Maintenance sur les infrastructures de surface

    CERN Document Server

    Chevret, P

    2000-01-01

    L'objet de ce document est de dresser le bilan de l'activité du Groupe Technical Facilities Management dans le domaine de la maintenance. Ce bilan couvre les activités techniques du génie civil, du chauffage-climatisation et de l'électricité, s'appliquant dans une large majorité au seul secteur tertiaire, tant sur le plan préventif que correctif. Les principaux paramètres indicateurs de l'activité sont situés dans leur évolution au cours des dernières années. Les auteurs abordent également les principaux projets complémentaires de maintenance, qui sont conduits pour maintenir l'état du patrimoine en dépit des restrictions budgétaires, faire face aux problèmes d'obsolescence, de défaillances récurrentes sur certains matériels, et satisfaire aux normes de sécurité. L'incidence positive de ces actions sur le nombre d'interventions de maintenance corrective est également montrée. Enfin, des perspectives de progrès sont dégagées, visant à une gestion davantage prévisionnelle de la ma...

  6. Controverses sur les sucres [Controversies about sugars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malika BOUCHENAK

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available La surconsommation de sucres ajoutés et leurs effets putatifs sur diverses pathologies cardiométaboliques continuent de susciter des controverses. Dans les années 1950, le taux élevé de maladies cardiovasculaires (MCV, chez les hommes Américains a conduit à des études sur le rôle des facteurs alimentaires, tels que le cholestérol, les phytostérols, l'excès de calories, les acides aminés, les graisses, les glucides, les vitamines et les minéraux, à influencer le risque de MCV. Dans les années 60, deux éminents physiologistes, plaidant pour des hypothèses causales divergentes de MCV, John Yudkin a identifié les sucres ajoutés comme agent primaire, tandis que Ancel Keys identifiait les graisses totales, les graisses saturées et le cholestérol alimentaire. Cependant, dans les années 80, peu de scientifiques croyaient que les sucres ajoutés jouaient un rôle important dans la maladie coronarienne, et les premiers conseils nutritionnels de 1980 (1980 Dietary Guidelines for americans étaient axés sur la réduction des graisses totales, des graisses saturées et du cholestérol alimentaire pour la prévention des MCV.

  7. Artisanat et gentrification rurale en France méridionale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Perrenoud

    2012-05-01

    to mix in their work creation and production, arts and crafts, modernity and authenticity.Los artesanos y el aburguesamiento rural en el sur de FranciaEste artículo presenta una encuesta llevada a cabo a partir de de 2006 en una zona rural del suroeste francés. En el pueblo medieval de N. y en sus alrededores desde hace unos quince años se han producido importantes cambios socioeconómicos que deben ser localizados para determinar se ha producido un proceso de gentrificación (gentry es decir, de aburguesamiento rural. La observación metódica y las encuestas con entrevistas semidirectivas en el seno de diversas categorías de trabajadores independientes como son los albañiles, artesanado artístico y profesiones culinarias, demuestran la relación entre la crisis del contexto económico, social y cultural con la evolución del empleo local. Dentro de este paisaje social recompuesto, los hijos de los « neo rurales » establecidos hace ya algún tiempo juegan un papel preponderante y ejercen oficios de alfareros, carpinteros, agricultores pero « equipados » con un capital cultural y social privilegiado que les permite aunar los ámbitos de la producción, de la creatividad, de la modernidad y de lo autentico.

  8. Les études et recherches lesbiennes et gays en France (1970-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Régis Revenin

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article est un panorama non exhaustif des études et recherches lesbiennes et gays menées en France, depuis le début des années 1970 jusqu’à une période très récente, en sciences humaines et sociales, et principalement en histoire, aussi bien au sein qu’en dehors des universités françaises. Ici replacées dans le contexte plus global des travaux sur la sexualité, les recherches LGBTQ (lesbiennes, gays, bis, trans et queer se sont nettement développées, notamment dans le monde universitaire, depuis le début des années 2000, sur des thématiques et dans des disciplines variées. Toutefois, ce champ de recherches reste encore extrêmement marginal dans l’Université française, en dépit de la visibilité qu'il a pu acquérir dans les médias ; et aucun département ou programme spécifique n’est dédié, en France, aux études LGBTQ, pas plus, d’ailleurs, qu’à l’étude de la sexualité en sciences humaines et sociales.This article presents a non-exhaustive overview of gay and lesbian studies and research in the social sciences and humanities (principally in history that have been undertaken in France, both within and outside of the French university system, from the beginning of the 1970s until recently. Within the broader context of work on sexuality, there has been a significant increase in LGBTQ (Lesbian, gay, bi, trans and queer studies, in a wide variety of academic disciplines and subjects, since the early 2000s. However, while increasingly visible within the media, this field of research still remains very marginal within the French university system, and nowhere in France is there a specific department or program in humanities or in the social sciences dedicated to LGBTQ studies or even to the study of human sexuality.

  9. El (los Sur buscando al Sur. Una construcción entre estereotipos y realidad.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabel Franzone

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Todas las lecturas que podamos hacer del Sur, de sus propias representaciones, de aquellas vehiculizadas por el Norte, de sus creaciones, de sus reacciones, de su búsqueda constante de identidad, son lecturas de múltiples situaciones, que llaman a cruces insoslayables entre pueblos, entre distintas etnias, entre disciplinas, entre sentimientos que van desde el rechazo hasta la atracción casi magnética entre los dos hemisferios. Nuestra intención primera era la de reunir de manera aproximativa las problemáticas actuales de los Sur, ligadas a lo imaginario.

  10. El renovado auge de la Cooperación Sur-Sur : La experiencia iberoamericana

    OpenAIRE

    Xalma, Cristina

    2013-01-01

    El presente artículo revisa y caracteriza el renovado auge que la Cooperación Sur-Sur ha experimentado en los últimos años a partir de una experiencia concreta: la protagonizada por los países miembros de la Conferencia Iberoamericana y, en particular, por los diecinueve latinoamericanos de habla española y portuguesa (desde México hasta Chile, incluyendo a Cuba y República Dominicana), más España y Portugal. Busca entender una cooperación que crece y se expande bajo distintas fórmulas y dime...

  11. Mortality with Alzheimer's disease and dementia in France, 2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brosselin, P; Duport, N; Bloch, J

    2010-08-01

    Alzheimer's and related diseases have become a major public health issue in all developed countries, particularly with the aging of the population. Given the potential burden of these pathologies, the French government launched a third National Alzheimer's Strategic Plan 2008-2012 in 2008. The aim of the study was to provide French data on the mortality statistics of Alzheimer's and related diseases by age, gender, and geographical area. Analyses were based on the number of deaths from Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia, extracted from the 2000-2006 French National Mortality Registry (Inserm-Centre d'épidémiologie sur les causes médicales de décès [CépiDc]). Underlying and multiple causes of death were taken into account. Gender, age, area of residence, and place of death were noted for all subjects deceased with AD or dementia. Mortality rates were standardized on the truncated 60+ French 2006 population. Mortality rates were also estimated by 5-year age groups. Causes of death in demented and nondemented people were compared by estimating an age-adjusted relative-risk ratio. In France, in 2006, AD or dementia was reported as the underlying cause or a multiple cause of death on 45,597 death certificates. Among these death certificates, 70% were women and the mean age at death was 85.9 years. Age-standardized mortality rates were 341/100,000 person-years for men and 333/100,000 person-years for women. Age-specific mortality rates increased with age and were higher in women than in men over 90 years of age. The analysis of the changes in mortality rates showed an overall increase of 11.3% between 2000 and 2006. The most frequent underlying cause when AD or dementia was mentioned as an associated cause were cardiovascular diseases (40.5%), neoplasms (11.9%), and endocrine diseases (8.5%). The analysis of mortality data on AD and dementia provides insight into the burden of these diseases in France. If carried out regularly, these analyses can provide trend

  12. SYNSYSTEMATIQUE DES PRAIRIES DE FRANCE (SYNSYSTEMATIC OF THE MEADOWS OF FRANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.M. GEHU

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The synsystematic diagram of the meadows of France proposed in this work enumerates the main associations and the prairial superior unities of France giving them their great synecological features. The majority of these communities of meadows are usable in cutting or in pasture. They are grouped in the three following classes: Arrhenatheretea elatioris, Molinio-Juncetea and Agrostietea stoloniferae.

  13. LA PLACE DE LA LOGIQUE DANS L’ENSEIGNEMENT DES MATHEMATIQUES AU LYCEE EN FRANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Mesnil, Zoé

    2012-01-01

    International audience; Souvent associée au raisonnement, la logique me paraît également liée à l'apprentissage du langage mathématique. Quel rôle peut-elle avoir dans l'enseignement des mathématiques au lycée ? L'étude présentée ici a pour but de proposer des éléments de réponses à cette question à travers l'analyse écologique des programmes et des manuels de différentes époques en France. Un regard sur l'histoire de la logique me permet d'élaborer une référence par rapport à laquelle j'essa...

  14. Regroupement des statistiques sur le secteur des TIC et analyse ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Regroupement des statistiques sur le secteur des TIC et analyse axée sur les politiques. La présence et l'influence des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) continuent de s'élargir et de s'accroître, tout comme leurs répercussions sur le développement économique. Toutefois, il reste encore beaucoup ...

  15. São Luís, capitale du Maranhão, capitale rêvée de la France équinoxiale: the dream capital of equinoctial France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Martinière

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La ville de São Luís do Maranhão a été inscrite par l'UNESCO sur la liste du Patrimoine mondial de l'Humanité en décembre 1997 en raison de la qualité de l'architecture et de l'urbanisme des XVIIIème et XIXème siècles de son Centre historique. Toutefois, avant de devenir une ville portugaise des Tropiques, São Luís avait été fondée par les Français commandés par La Ravardière dès 1612. Elle fut alors, pendant trois ans, la "capitale rêvée" d'une utopie, celle de la monarchie française du roi Louis XIII. Cette monarchie n'aspirait-elle pas à créer, en Amérique du Sud, sur les côtes du Brésil, un empire outre-mer, la "France équinoxiale", comme la ville de Québec, fondée par Champlain, était devenue la capitale de la "Nouvelle France" en Amérique du Nord ? La ville de São Luís revendique aujourd'hui cet héritage et ambitionne de devenir un "carrefour des cultures" du monde.

  16. Analyse de l’aléa « lave torrentielle » sur le cône de déjection du torrent du Rioulong (Hautes-Pyrénées) : une approche par scénarios

    OpenAIRE

    Dominique Laigle et Christophe Peteuil

    2010-01-01

    En France, plus de quatre mille communes seraient menacées par les laves torrentielles. Phénomènes difficilement prévisibles, la protection contre les risques qu’elles génèrent repose donc essentiellement sur des mesures de prévention. Il est donc essentiel de connaître l'intensité et la probabilité d'occurrence des écoulements sur un site donné. À partir du diagnostic réalisé sur un torrent des Hautes-Pyrénées, les auteurs nous présentent ici une méthode d'analyse par scénarios, permettant a...

  17. Localized products in France: definition, protection and value-adding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Bérard

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available La notion de production localisée recouvre une réalité particulièrement importante en France, à la fois sur le terrain, à travers la grande diversité des produits, et dans l’imaginaire des Français. Les dispositifs de valorisation dont ces produits peuvent bénéficier renforcent l’intérêt porté à certains d’entre eux. Dans un tel contexte, il importe de mieux comprendre ce qui fait leur spécificité, d’approfondir certaines notions, de mettre l’accent sur ce qui les différencie réellement. Ce sont les critères d’ordre culturel associant un lieu à une histoire et à un groupe social qui permettent d’organiser et de penser cette famille foisonnante et polymorphe.En marge des demandes formelles de protection de l’indication géographique, de nombreuses initiatives contribuent à valoriser les productions locales. Elles sont le fait d'acteurs issus d'horizon divers, dans le cadre d'actions coordonnées, sans être réellement formalisées.Tous les pays n’ont pas le même rapport au lieu. L’inscription d’un produit dans un territoire est le fruit d’un ensemble de critères au poids plus ou moins important selon l’histoire économique et sociale du pays, sa culture, les rapports de force locaux, le milieu naturel.The concept of local production is a particular reality in France, both in the field itself, home to a huge variety of such products, and in the imagination of the French people. Regional products, terroir products, local, traditional and free-range products... There are countless terms to define this uniquely varied family that is thought to add meaning and promote attachment and as such, much coveted. The protection measures now in place make some of these products seem particularly interesting. Within such a context, what matters is to understand what makes local products special, exploring certain concepts, emphasizing what really makes them different and trying to make sense of their profusion

  18. Effets de la réglementation du marché du travail sur la situation sur ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Effets de la réglementation du marché du travail sur la situation sur le marché et sur la répartition des revenus en Colombie et au Chili ... plus en plus ces inégalités aux changements majeurs que connaît la demande en main-d'oeuvre dans un contexte de restructuration économique et d'ouverture aux marchés mondiaux.

  19. Gemini Spectroscopy of Supernovae from the Supernova Legacy Survey: Improving High-Redshift Supernova Selection and Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, D. A.; Sullivan, M.; Perrett, K.; Bronder, T. J.; Hook, I. M.; Astier, P.; Aubourg, E.; Balam, D.; Basa, S.; Carlberg, R. G.; Fabbro, S.; Fouchez, D.; Guy, J.; Lafoux, H.; Neill, J. D.; Pain, R.; Palanque-Delabrouille, N.; Pritchet, C. J.; Regnault, N.; Rich, J.; Taillet, R.; Knop, R.; McMahon, R. G.; Perlmutter, S.; Walton, N. A.

    2005-12-01

    We present new techniques for improving the efficiency of supernova (SN) classification at high redshift using 64 candidates observed at Gemini North and South during the first year of the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS). The SNLS is an ongoing 5 year project with the goal of measuring the equation of state of dark energy by discovering and following over 700 high-redshift SNe Ia using data from the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey. We achieve an improvement in the SN Ia spectroscopic confirmation rate: at Gemini 71% of candidates are now confirmed as SNe Ia, compared to 54% using the methods of previous surveys. This is despite the comparatively high redshift of this sample, in which the median SN Ia redshift is z=0.81 (0.155Berthelot, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. DSM/DAPNIA, CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France.

  20. Cooperación SurSur: Regionalismos e integración en América Latina. Bruno Ayllon; Tahina Ojeda; Javier Surasky

    OpenAIRE

    Solano-Mercado, Ixhel; Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP), México.

    2015-01-01

    Review of the book "Cooperación SurSur: Regionalismos e integración en América Latina" by Bruno Ayllon; Tahina Ojeda; Javier Surasky Reseña del libro "Cooperación SurSur: Regionalismos e integración en América Latina" escrito por Bruno Ayllon; Tahina Ojeda; Javier Surasky.

  1. The International Heliophysical Year in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmieder, B.

    We are preparing in France the anniversary of IGY 50 We are gathering our efforts around few actions 1 We planned to follow the international campaigns with our solar Telescope THEMIS in Tenerife with the spacecrafts SOHO Cluster and the magnetometers of Superdarn A group is already formed with C Hanuise as responsible to understand some physical processes involved in these phenomena by using former data 2 On the initiative of CAWSES SCOSTEP program we plan to rehabilitate our heliograph in Meudon in order to be able to participate to the international network of flare survey The Japonese are leading this program Shibata and Kurokawa 3 We are developping lectures for students in different places in France We planned to work on the development of a DVD and video games in a IHY European context 4 We have also an outreach program which consists of an exhibition This exibition could be duplicated in France and for French speaking countries

  2. [Estimation of cancer incidence in France].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laplanche, A; Benhamou, E

    1991-01-01

    National cancer incidence rates are not available in most countries. An estimation of the national cancer incidence from regional incidence data in France is proposed here. National cancer incidence rates (1978-1982) were estimated from the incidence and the mortality observed during the same period in five French departments with a cancer registry and from national mortality data. The cancer registries used for this estimation are: Bas-Rhin, Calvados, Côte-d'Or, Doubs and Isère. The estimation was performed assuming that, for a given cancer site, sex and age group, the mortality/morbidity ratio is the same in the aggregate of the five departments and in France as Crude, age-specific and standardised on world population incidence rates were estimated for the most frequent cancer sites and for each sex. An estimation of the annual number of cases in France between 1978 and 1982 for the main cancer sites is also given.

  3. Bottle wars: England versus Scotland versus France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thurman, Robert B; Athanasopoulos, Athanassios A; Allan, Michael S; Atchia, Sarah M

    2002-05-01

    Four batches of four brands of bottled water from England, Scotland and France were tested for their microbiological and physicochemical characteristics during a 2-month study. The lowest priced brand of water had the highest nitrate content (46.9 mg/L), while the most expensive brand did not necessarily have the best values for pH, total dissolved solids, turbidity or plate count. While no sample was positive for E. coli, the range of other measured values varied widely between brands and batches during the study. The bottled water samples from France on average demonstrated better results than the other countries studied.

  4. International workshop on energy outlook in France and in Europe; Seminaire international sur la prospective energetique en France et en Europe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The objective of the Energy Outlook Workshop is to allow decision makers and energy experts to exchange views on a wide range of issues including current projections, economic, political, social and environmental stakes, use of forecasts, precautions required, and identification of priorities. Major challenges confronting energy policy makers include: design of new energy systems following opening of energy markets; investment required to ensure long-term security of supply (e.g depleted reserves of fossil energy); achieving international commitments for environmental protection (e.g Kyoto Protocol and other quantitative targets); respect of European standards and regulations; economic and social issues, such as impact of high energy prices. The workshop will take into account two new characteristics of Energy Outlook: the time horizon, previously limited to 10-20 years, may be now extended to 30-50 years due to enormous progress in economic modelling techniques and the European and international context. (author)

  5. Gaz de France annual report 2003; Gaz de France rapport annuel 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Today, Gaz de France Group ranks as one of the largest gas utilities in Europe. This success is the fruit of a growth strategy that fuses economic, social and environmental imperatives. To respond more efficiently to fluctuations in the natural gas market and continue to expand its range of competitive products and services, Gaz de France has committed to integrated development across the full spectrum of natural gas activities, from exploration and production to the sale of energy and related services. As the leading supplier of natural gas in France, Gaz de France has honed a targeted policy to acquire equity interests and assets, mainly in Europe, assuring the Group of a privileged place at the heart of the European gas grid. As European energy markets continue to open more widely to competition, the Group intends to benefit from its presence in all the sectors of the natural gas industry and in the European market to confirm its position as an integrated energy operator, focused on gas, among Europe's leaders. To achieve this goal, Gaz de France will concentrate in a balanced fashion on activities linked to infrastructures and activities related to energy supply and services. While assuming its public service responsibilities, the Group will expand the range of products and services to customers. This activity report presents: consolidated financial highlights, profile, corporate governance, Gaz de France's ambition, panorama of activities: energy supply and services (exploration - production, purchase and sale of energy, services), infrastructures (transmission and storage - France, distribution - France, transmission and distribution - international), Commitments of Gaz de France (human resources, research and development, sustainable development, map of main subsidiaries and affiliates)

  6. Gaz de France. Operation note; Gaz de France. Note d'operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This note was published for the public at the occasion of the admission to Euronext's Eurolist of the existing shares that make the capital of Gaz de France company, the French gas utility. The note gives some informations about Gaz de France activity, and about its strategy of development in the European gas market. Then it describes the offer relative to the opening of Gaz de France capital. Some selected financial data and some precision about the risk factors and the management of the company complete the document. (J.S.)

  7. Which sustainable energy policy in France?; Quelle politique energetique durable en France?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Concurrently to the National Debate on the energies, a real debate has been proposed by seven associations of the environment protection and improvement. This debate, international, wonders on the energy choices in France. Presentations of the interveners and working documents are provided on the following topics: energy choices for the economic development, renewable energies, the possibilities and the development of the solar energy in France, the economic interest of the cogeneration, quick overview of the wind energy in France, energy production data, the transport and the greenhouse effect, the sustainable development and the energy policy and the local governments. (A.L.B.)

  8. Investissements directs étrangers au Maroc : impact sur la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cette composante pour expliquer l'effet de l'IDE sur les performances d'une économie. ... investissements originaires des pays ayant un fort impact sur la performance ..... financier ;. • LnCF AP : le logarithme des dépenses de la consommation finale des administrations publiques en % du PIB comme mesure de la taille.

  9. TRITERPENE COMPOUNDS FROM THE LATEX OF FICUS SUR I ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Two pentacyclic triterpenoids of oleanane and ursene structures have been isolated from the latex of the Ficus sur. The compounds isolated from the latex are naturally acetylated in the 3-position and their structures have been elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic studies. KEY WORDS: Latex, Ficus sur, Moraceae, ...

  10. Triple étau sur les ménages périurbains : la crise énergétique reformulée

    OpenAIRE

    Jouffe, Yves; BELTON CHEVALLIER, Leslie

    2014-01-01

    ASRDLF2014 - 51ème colloque de l'Association de Science Régionale de Langue Française : Métropolisation, cohésion et performances : quels futurs pour nos territoires ?, CHAMPS-SUR-MARNE, FRANCE, 07-/07/2014 - 09/07/2014; Dans l'imaginaire collectif, vivre dans le périurbain revient à devenir un consommateur important et inconséquent de ressources énergétiques en voie de raréfaction. Or, entre autres menaces environnementales, la promesse de l'épuisement des énergies fossiles et la nécessité c...

  11. Projet ARGIC (Analyse du Retrait-Gonflement et de ses Incidences sur les Constructions) - Rapport final de synthèse

    OpenAIRE

    Magnan, Jean Pierre; Vincent, Marc; ASSOCIATION POUR LA RECHERCHE ET LE DEVELOPPEMENT DES METHODES ET PROCESSUS INDUSTRIELS - ARMINES; ECOLE CENTRALE DE PARIS - ECP; CENTRE D'ENSEIGNEMENT ET DE RECHERCHE EN MECANIQUE DES SOLS - CERMES; FONDASOL; INSTITUT NATIONAL DE L'ENVIRONNEMENT INDUSTRIEL ET DES RISQUES MAJEURS - INERIS; INSTITUT NATIONAL POLYTECHNIQUE DE LORRAINE; INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE - INRA; INSTITUT NATIONAL DES SCIENCES APPLIQUEES DE LYON - INSA LYON; LABORATOIRE CENTRAL DES PONTS ET CHAUSSEES - LCPC; METEO FRANCE; UNIVERSITE DE BORDEAUX I; UNIVERSITE DE POITIERS

    2009-01-01

    Le phénomène de retrait-gonflement des sols argileux, à l’origine d’une sinistralité coûteuse en France, suscite de nombreuses questions, de la part tant de la communauté scientifique que des pouvoirs publics, professionnels de la construction et assureurs. Le projet ARGIC (Analyse du Retrait-Gonflement et de ses Incidences sur les Constructions) a été élaboré avec pour objectif de contribuer à la compréhension scientifique des mécanismes en cause dans ce phénomène et de ses impli...

  12. Impôts en France : réunion publique le mercredi 19 mars 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2014-01-01

    Impôts en France : réunion publique le mercredi 19 mars 2014 Une réunion publique aura lieu le mercredi 19 mars de 13h à 15h dans l’amphithéâtre principal (500/1-001). Au cours de cette réunion, MM. Jean-Louis Brandolin et Gérard Polizzi, respectivement responsable et responsable-adjoint du Service des impôts des particuliers et des entreprises de Bellegarde, Centre des finances publiques, apporteront leur expertise au sujet de l’imposition des membres du personnel du CERN domiciliés en France. Seront à l’ordre du jour les questions de principe que se posent apparemment de nombreux membres du personnel : par exemple, la définition du domicile fiscal, le contenu de la déclaration de revenus (mention des revenus CERN et déclaration des autres revenus de sources française ou étrangère), la déclaration des comptes bancaires à l’étranger, l’assujettissement (dans certaines conditions) à la CSG-CRDS. Cette réunion publique portera UNIQUEMENT sur des questions de principe ...

  13. Adolescence et pornographie sur la toile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haza, Marion

    2012-01-01

    Dans cet article, nous abordons la question de l’accès à la pornographie sur Internet par les adolescents. Nous déclinons plusieurs facettes de ces rencontres: la rencontre «fortuite», quand les adolescents sont confrontés à des images intempestives, des publicités ou spams avec des contenus pornographiques; la rencontre «spectatrice», quand les adolescents cherchent activement des vidéos ou photos mettant en scène la sexualité; et enfin la rencontre «actrice», quand les adolescents se mettent en scène eux-mêmes, seuls ou à plusieurs, de façon pornographique sur le Net. A partir d’exemple, nous réfléchissons aux enjeux de ces rencontres virtuelles précoces de la sexualité adulte par rapport au développement adolescent et à la représentation de leur propre sexualité en construction. PMID:22876261

  14. Les recherches menées par le Gaz de France dans le domaine de l'hydrogène Research on Hydrogen by Gaz de France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donat G.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Les besoins en énergie de l'humanité allant croissant et les ressources en combustibles de la Terre étant obligatoirement limitées, le temps viendra où la demande en hydrocarbures excédera la capacité mondiale de production; cette situation s'aggravera encore ultérieurement du fait de l'épuisement des réserves récupérables. Un recours massif aux énergies nucléaire et solaire semble donc indispensable et l'utilisation de l'hydrogène comme vecteur de ces énergies retient depuis quelques années l'attention, notamment en France où les ressources propres en pétrole sont faibles. Le Gaz de France a entrepris des recherches sur la production massive de l'hydrogène par décomposition de l'eau et vient de parvenir à des conclusions pessimistes quant à la compétitivité, par rapport à la voie électrolytique, de la filière utilisant des cycles thermochimiques. Par contre, l'électrolyse de l'eau offre des perspectives intéressantes à condition d'améliorer ses performances et son économie. D'autre part, des études concernant le stockage et le transport de l'hydrogène ont permis d'ores et déjà de tirer quelques conclusions dans ces domaines où les vecteurs gazeux disposent d'excellents atouts. With the increasing energy needs of mankind and the earth's necessarily limited resources of fuel, the time will come when the demand for hydrocarbons will exceed the world production capacity. This situation will subsequently get even worse becouse of the depletion of recoverable reserves. Massive recourse ta nuclear and solar energy thus appears indispensable, and the use of hydrogen as a vector for such energies has been under consideration for several years, especially in France where petroleum resources are very limited. Gaz de France has been doing research on the mass production of hydrogen by the decomposition of water and has just come ta rather pessimistic conclusions as ta the competitiveness of thermochemical processes in

  15. Air France'i mõõdikuviga sai kinnitust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Prantsusmaa lennuõnnetuste uurimise agentuur BEA edastas info, et kaks aastat tagasi Atlandi ookeani kohal allakukkunud Air France'i lennuki kiirusmõõdikud vedasid alt. Skeem: AIr France'i lennu 447 viimased minutid

  16. "Being a Muslim" in France: The Case of Turkish Immigrants

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hasan Guler; Emrullah Ataseven

    2017-01-01

    In this article the "Muslim Question" of France in terms of Turkish immigrants, who are the subjects of a relatively recent migration movement compared to other immigrant groups in France, was examined...

  17. Decision from the Commission of Electricity Regulation (CRE) dated from June 27, 2002 about a disagreement between Semmaris company and Electricite de France, as manager of the public power distribution grid, relative to the conditions of consideration of the multiplicity of delivery points in the contractual system of access to the grid; Decision de la Commission de Regulation de l'Electricite (CRE) en date du 27 juin 2002 sur un different, qui oppose la societe Semmaris a Electricite de France, en tant que gestionnaire du reseau public de distribution d'electricite, relatif aux conditions de prise en compte de la multiplicite des points de livraison dans le dispositif contractuel d'acces au reseau electrique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-06-01

    This document presents the analysis made by the French commission of electricity regulation (CRE) about a disagreement between Semmaris company (Rungis, France) and Electricite de France (EdF) concerning the request by Semmaris for the subscription of a single contract of access to the grid for its 18 supply points instead of 9 contracts as proposed by EdF after acceptation of a partial regrouping of some supply points under the same contracts. After examination of the hearings, the CRE requested EdF to establish non-discriminatory objective criteria for the regrouping of different delivery points in a same contract before making a new examination of the disagreement between Semmaris and EdF. (J.S.)

  18. Allanach Benjamin, LAPTH, France Altarelli Guido, CERN ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Allanach Benjamin, LAPTH, France. Altarelli Guido, CERN, Switzerland. Ananthanarayan Balasubramanian,. IISc, Bangalore, India. Antoniadis Ignatios, CERN, Switzer- land. Aziz T, TIFR, Mumbai, India. Babu K S, Oklahoma State Univ., USA. Bailey Stephen, Harvard/BaBar, USA. Bailin David, University of Sussex, UK.

  19. Food-related life style in France

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.; Brunsø, Karen; Bisp, Søren

    1995-01-01

    Executive summary 1. This report is about an investigation of food-related lifestyle in France, based on a representative sample of 1000 households. 2. The French consumers are described by five segments, which differ in how and to which extent they use food and cooking to attain their central life...

  20. A Paradox in Physics Education in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smigiel, Eddie; Sonntag, Michel

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with the nature and the level of difficulty of teaching and learning physics in the first year of undergraduate engineering schools in France. Our case study is based on a survey regarding a classic and basic question in applied physics, and which was conducted with a group of second-year students in a post-baccalaureate 1…

  1. Haemovigilance and transfusion safety in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouger, P; Noizat-Pirenne, F; Le Pennec, P Y

    2000-01-01

    The risks associated to red cell and platelet transfusions are essentially bound to the polymorphism of blood group antigens and to transfusion transmitted agents including virus, bacterias.... In France, the haemovigilance system and several investigations allowed to measure these different kinds of risks. We also developed analysis of failures in order to prevent errors and accidents to increase blood safety.

  2. Competence: Conceptual Approach and Practice in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Deist, Francoise

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to analyse the conceptual approaches to competence and practice in competence management in France. Design/methodology/approach: Extensive literature review, discussion with academic experts in the French competence network of AGRH and interviews concerning developments following the 2003 national agreement…

  3. Southern Europeans in France: Invisible Migrants?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eremenko, T.; El Qadim, N.; Steichen, E.; Lafleur, J.-M.; Stanek, M.

    2016-01-01

    France fared relatively well at the start of the current economic crisis, but has experienced low economic growth and high unemployment rates in the recent years. As a result it has been a less popular destination with Southern Europeans and EU migrants in general in search of economic

  4. CERN craftsman named Best in France

    CERN Multimedia

    Laurent Guiraud

    2001-01-01

    Didier Lombard, metal worker in EST Division, was crowned 'France's Top Craftsman' during the 21st edition of the contest, which covered the period 1997 to 2000. CERN employs some of Europe's top crafts people to work on construction of components for experiments that are designed to a high degree of precision.

  5. Limits to expression on religion in France

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, E.

    2009-01-01

    During the last decade conflicts about expression on religion have increased globally. Generally, these conflicts are regarded as a conflict between freedom of speech and freedom of thought, conscience and religion. In France there are many active religious interest groups that aim to protect a

  6. Frances Rauscher: Music and Reasoning. Interview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Neal

    1995-01-01

    Reports on an interview with Frances Rauscher, a research psychologist and musician who has studied the effects of music on the brain. Maintains that students who have studied music have enhanced spatial reasoning. Recommends that music education begin at younger ages. (CFR)

  7. Lombroso in France. A paradoxical reception

    OpenAIRE

    Renneville, Marc

    2013-01-01

    International audience; La réception paradoxale de Lombroso en France. Initialement positive voire enthousiaste, cette réception est rapidement devenue critique tout en donnant une large audience à la théorie du criminel-né

  8. Petroleum in France: the main results in 2005; Petrole en France: les principaux resultats en 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This presentation takes stock on the petroleum market in France in 2005. It provides information on the petroleum consumption, the imports and exports, the prices, the production, the refineries and the stocks. (A.L.B.)

  9. Corps, apparences vestimentaires et identités en France à la Renaissance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Paresys

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Un corps vêtu spécifique émerge à la Renaissance en France et particulièrement à la Cour. Le vêtement impose sa marque sur le corps, accentue le dimorphisme sexuel des apparences, et donne à celles-ci rectitude ou distorsion, transformant le corps en une surface décorative sur laquelle peut s’exprimer la magnificence des souverains et celle de leur cour. Ce corps vêtu résulte de l’influence de modes européennes et de nouvelles normes de civilité qui construisent la présentation de soi. Elles trouvent leur pleine expression à la cour où le corps de mode aristocratique affiche une éloquence distinctive et cosmopolite. Dans le même temps, les identités qu’inculque le vêtement au corps paraissent menacées par les transferts de pratiques vestimentaires entre les sexes, entre les groupes sociaux et entre les nations, entraînant un malaise envers ce brouillage des apparences qui prend une couleur particulière durant les guerres civiles quand se pose de manière sanglante la question des identités et de la conscience nationale.Body, Dress and Identities in Renaissance France. A specific type of clothed body emerged in 16th century France especially at Court. Clothing put its mark on the body, accentuating sexual dimorphism, imposing either Renaissance rectitude or distortions, transforming the body into a decorative surface for displaying magnificence. Its specificity resulted from the influence of various vestimentary and decorative fashions, starting with the new kinds of civility circulating in Renaissance Europe, which fashioned self-presentation. It found its fullest expression on the bodies of cosmopolitan aristocrats seeking a distinctive eloquence for their particular identity. At the same time, the identities which clothes imprinted on their wearer seemed threatened by transfers of vestimentary practices between sexes, sexual groups, and/or nations. The unease created by this mixture of appearances reflects that of

  10. Dégradation des litières de feuilles le long d'un grandient d'intermittence dans un cours d'eau (Albarine, France)

    OpenAIRE

    Corti, R.

    2009-01-01

    / Les effets des variations spatiales et temporelles des assecs sur les processus écologiques en rivière, telle que la décomposition des feuilles, sont peu compris. L'objectif de notre étude était de quantifier le rôle de l'intermittence (mise en eau / assec) sur la décomposition des feuilles dans l'Albarine (Bugey, France), lorsque l'écoulement est permanent. Quatre variables ont été choisies pour caractériser l'intermittence (e.g. fréquence des assecs) et ont été précisément définies ...

  11. LMD, proposition de plateforme commune des Départements et UFR de Géographie des universités d’Ile-de-France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Cette note présente l’état des discussions sur un Master commun de Géographie à Paris ou Paris-Ile-de-France, ou de Masters articulés à un projet cohérent d’ensemble. La réforme LMD est une occasion unique (i de renforcer la cohérence de l’offre de formation régionale en géographie, évitant ainsi une concurrence inter-établissements dont la discipline n’a pas les moyens ; (ii de lui apporter la masse critique nécessaire pour lui donner la place qu’elle mérite sur l’étude des territoires – é...

  12. The Future of the CEMAC CFA Franc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julius Agbor Agbor

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A total of 80 currency boards have come into existence at some point since the mid-19th century, but to date only about 15 of them still exist, among which is the CFA franc monetary zone. The future sustainability of the CFA franc zone, to which the CEMAC CFA franc belongs, is increasingly questioned in the light of increasing asymmetries in exposure to external shocks, differential speeds of adjustment of the real exchange rate following shocks, differential impacts in economic fundamentals, and low levels of intra-regional trade and financial flows between CEMAC and WAEMU. For the CEMAC bloc of countries in particular, the future sustainability of the fixed exchange regime depends crucially on continued oil exports, which currently represent about 90percent of export revenues and 40 percent of GDP. Should oil reserves deplete in the near future or oil prices decline significantly, a substantial source of foreign reserves would be lost, thereby exposing the regime to collapse. Even without resource depletion, continued volatility in global financial markets is increasing the risks of collapse of the fixed exchange regime as oil and commodity price swings ignite currency speculation as well as render reserves much more volatile. Against this backdrop, the present study examines the stakes facing the CEMAC CFA franc, discusses the exit options from the currency board and makes recommendations towards a sustainable monetary policy framework for CEMAC countries going forward. The analysis points to the imperative of pursuing a full monetary union with a single CEMAC franc pegged to the U.S. dollar and further suggest that, like the experience of the eurozone, the CEMAC monetary arrangement can be best implemented only by complying with the principle of political union.

  13. Critical acidity loads in France; Charges critiques d`acidite en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Probst, A.; Party, J.P.; Fevrier, C. [Centre de Geochimie de la Surface (UPR 06251 du CNRS), 67 - Strasbourg (France); Dambrine, E. [Centre de Recherches Forestieres, INRA, 45 - Orleans (France); Thomas, A.L.; King, D. [Institut National de Recherches Agronomique (INRA), 45 - ORDON (France); Stussi, J.M. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    1997-12-31

    Based on results from several systematic forest and surface water monitoring programs, carried out in various parts of France as well as in Europe, acidity critical loads have been calculated for soils and surface waters; critical loads are presented for water and soils in crystalline mountainous regions such as Ardennes, Vosges and Massif Central; links with geochemistry, ecosystems and types of trees are discussed and perspectives are given for the calculation of acid and nitrogen critical loads on the whole France

  14. Gaz de France. Source document; Gaz de France. Document de base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document was issued by Gaz de France, the French gas utility, at the occasion of the opening of the capital of the company. It is intended to shareholders and presents some informations relative to the stocks admitted to Euronext's Eurolist, some general informations about the company and its capital, some informations about the activities of Gaz de France group, about its financial situation and results, about its management, and about its recent evolution and future perspectives. (J.S.)

  15. Modélisation de la demande de produits pétroliers en France Modeling of Petroleum Products Demand in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cholet G.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail a été mené sous la responsabilité de la direction Stratégie-Economie-Programme de l'Institut Français du Pétrole. L'objectif était la prévision à court terme (12 mois de la demande concernant les quatre principaux produits pétroliers en France : gasoil (GO, carburants-auto (CA, fuel-oil domestique (FOD et fuels oil lourds (FL. Il a été convenu de tester une méthode originale [1] et de la comparer avec la méthode largement utilisée de Box et Jenkins [2] qui donne de bons résultats sur les séries GO et CA et qui se révèle décevante pour les séries FOD et FIL. Cette étude comprend deux parties : - dans la première partie, nous exposons la méthode originale par décomposition en tendance et saisonnalité, le modèle étant additif ou multiplicatif. Nous avons amélioré ses performances en utilisant la théorie du filtre de Wiener; - la seconde partie est consacrée à la modélisation de Box et Jenkins. Nous utiliserons Box et Jenkins sur la série brute, puis sur la série corrigée de l'influence des jours ouvrés à l'aide du programme de désaisonnalisation Census-X11 . Pour chacune des méthodes, les principales étapes sont exposées à l'occasion de la modélisation du gasoil sur le marché intérieur français. Pour les autres produits, seuls les principaux résultats sont exposés : structure du modèle retenu, adéquation à la réalité, fiabilité des prévisions. This project was carried out under the responsability of the Strategy - Economics - Program Divison of the Institut Français du Pétrole. The goal was the short-term (12 months forecasting of the demand with regard to the four leading petroleum products in France - gas oil (GO, automotive fuel (CA, home heating oil (FOD and heavy fuel oil (FL. It was decided to test an original method [1] and to compare it with the widely used Box and Jenkins method [2], which gives good results for the GO and CA series but which proves disappointing for

  16. 78 FR 9634 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model... directive (AD): Eurocopter France Helicopters (Eurocopter): Docket No. FAA-2013- 0119; Directorate...

  17. 77 FR 36220 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Eurocopter France (Eurocopter... Civil Aviation (DGAC France) AD F-2008-04, dated June 4, 2008, for the Eurocopter Model EC 155 B, EC 155...

  18. 78 FR 51115 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Eurocopter France (Eurocopter...): Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters: Docket No. FAA-2013- 0737; Directorate Identifier 2012-SW-111-AD...

  19. 78 FR 21233 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ...-010-AD; Amendment 39-17409; AD 2013-07-05] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France EC130B4 helicopters. This AD requires visually... 39 to include an AD that would apply to Eurocopter France EC130B4 helicopters with a center...

  20. 77 FR 64706 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ...-064-AD; Amendment 39-17225; AD 2012-21-09] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... France (Eurocopter) Model EC225 helicopters with certain epicyclic modules installed. This AD requires...): 2012-21-09 Eurocopter France: Amendment 39-17225; Docket No. FAA- 2012-1128; Directorate Identifier...

  1. 78 FR 40072 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-03

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... France (Eurocopter) Model AS332C1 and AS332L1 helicopters. This proposed AD would require replacing the.... 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): Eurocopter France: Docket No. FAA...

  2. 78 FR 40045 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-03

    ... Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice... (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS350B, BA, B1, B2, B3, D, AS355E, F, F1, F2, and N..., October 14, 2010), and adding the following new AD: Eurocopter France: Docket No. FAA-2013-0354...

  3. 78 FR 23107 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    ...-32-AD; Amendment 39-17424; AD 2013-08-07] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (ECF) Model AS332C, L, and L1 helicopters to...): 2013-08-07 Eurocopter France: Amendment 39-17424; Docket No. FAA- 2012-1087; Directorate Identifier...

  4. 77 FR 18965 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-29

    ... Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice... Eurocopter France Model SA341G helicopters. This proposed AD is prompted by an analysis and tests performed... 26, 2004, to correct an unsafe condition for Eurocopter France Model SA 341/342 helicopters. The DGAC...

  5. 77 FR 56755 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ...-51-AD; Amendment 39-17172; AD 2012-17-09] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France Model SA341G helicopters. This AD requires... apply to Eurocopter France Model SA341G helicopters, with rotating star, part number (P/N) 341A31.4116...

  6. 77 FR 36213 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France EC130B4 helicopters... unsafe condition for the Eurocopter France EC130B4 helicopters. EASA states that it received reports that...

  7. 78 FR 56599 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ...-064-AD; Amendment 39-17574; AD 2013-18-01] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model EC 155B, EC155B1, SA-365N...): 2013-18-11 EUROCOPTER FRANCE: Amendment 39-17574; Docket No. FAA- 2013-0399; Directorate Identifier...

  8. 78 FR 54380 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    ...-060-AD; Amendment 39-17565; AD 2013-17-01] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS350 and AS355...): 2013-17-01 Eurocopter France Helicopters: Amendment 39-17565; Docket No. FAA-2013-0240; Directorate...

  9. 78 FR 857 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-07

    ...-17302; AD 2012-26-07] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters AGENCY... airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS350BA helicopters with certain AERAZUR... amends Sec. 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): 2012-26-07 Eurocopter France...

  10. 78 FR 25365 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ...-52-AD; Amendment 39-17437; AD 2013-08-19] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS350B, AS350BA, AS350B1...): ] 2013-08-19 Eurocopter France Helicopters: Amendment 39-17437; Docket No. FAA-2009-0951; Directorate...

  11. 78 FR 25380 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ...-049-AD; Amendment 39-17434; AD 2013-08-17] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model SA-365N, SA-365N1, AS-365N2...): 2013-08-17 Eurocopter France: Amendment 39-17434; Docket No. FAA-2010-1303; Directorate Identifier 2010...

  12. 78 FR 37156 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model... This AD applies to Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS332C, AS332L, AS332L1, AS332L2 and EC225LP...

  13. 77 FR 36216 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France Model AS350B.... The FAA amends Sec. 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): Eurocopter France...

  14. 77 FR 20319 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Eurocopter France (EC) Model SA.... The FAA amends Sec. 39.13 by adding the following new Airworthiness Directive (AD): Eurocopter France...

  15. 77 FR 63262 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (ECF) Model AS332C... airworthiness directive (AD): Eurocopter France: Docket No. FAA-2012-1087; Directorate Identifier 2009-SW-32-AD...

  16. 78 FR 34288 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-07

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model... directive (AD): EUROCOPTER FRANCE: Docket No. FAA-2013-0487; Directorate Identifier 2010-SW-056-AD. (a...

  17. 78 FR 57047 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-17

    ...-034-AD; Amendment 39-17541; AD 2013-16-03] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS350 and AS355 helicopters...): 2013-16-03 EUROCOPTER FRANCE HELICOPTERS (EUROCOPTER): Amendment 39- 17541; Docket No. FAA-2013-0119...

  18. 78 FR 24041 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... directive (EAD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS350B3 helicopters with certain part-numbered...): 2012-25-04 Eurocopter France: Amendment 39-17285; Docket No. FAA- 2012-1297; Directorate Identifier 2012-SW-100-AD. (a) Applicability This AD applies to Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS350B3...

  19. 77 FR 50582 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ... are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France Model EC155B and EC155B1... Eurocopter France Model EC155B and EC155B1 helicopters with a VIP 4-seat bench. That NPRM proposed to require... airworthiness directive (AD): 2012-16-02 Eurocopter France: Amendment 39-17149; Docket No. FAA- 2012-0177...

  20. 77 FR 54796 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ...-007-AD; Amendment 39-17166; AD 2012-17-03] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Eurocopter France Model AS350 helicopters. This AD...): 2012-17-03 Eurocopter France Helicopters: Amendment 39-17166; Docket No. FAA-2012-0222; Directorate...

  1. 78 FR 58256 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-23

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to supersede an existing airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France... (AD): Eurocopter France: Docket No. FAA-2013-0822; Directorate Identifier 2013-SW-004-AD. (a...

  2. 78 FR 23692 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model... directive (AD): Europcopter France (Eurocopter): Docket No. FAA-2013-0351; Directorate Identifier 2009-SW...

  3. 77 FR 14310 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-09

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Eurocopter France Model AS350... Directive (AD): Eurocopter France Helicopters: Docket No. FAA-2012-0222; Directorate Identifier 2011-SW-007...

  4. 77 FR 44118 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-27

    ...-056-AD; Amendment 39-17133; AD 2012-15-04] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... France (Eurocopter) Model EC155B1 helicopters with a certain automated flight control system installed...): ] 2012-15-04 EUROCOPTER FRANCE: Amendment 39-17133; Docket No. FAA- 2012-0766; Directorate Identifier...

  5. 77 FR 44513 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model... Airworthiness Directive (AD): Eurocopter France: Docket No. FAA-2012-0794; Directorate Identifier 2006-SW-04-AD...

  6. 78 FR 17076 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ...-53-AD; Amendment 39-17395; AD 2013-05-23] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS332C, L, and L1...): 2013-05-23 Eurocopter France (Eurocopter): Amendment 39-17395; Docket No. FAA-2012-0795; Directorate...

  7. 78 FR 66668 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-06

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... airworthiness directive (AD): Eurocopter France Helicopters: Docket No. FAA-2013-0938; Directorate Identifier 2012-SW-057-AD. (a) Applicability This AD applies to Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model SA-365N, SA...

  8. 77 FR 11787 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-28

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France Model EC155B and.... 39.13 by adding the following new Airworthiness Directive (AD): EUROCOPTER FRANCE: Docket No. FAA...

  9. 77 FR 70382 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France Model EC 155B... directive (AD): Eurocopter France: Docket No. FAA-2012-1214; Directorate Identifier 2011-SW-071-AD. (a...

  10. 78 FR 26712 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-08

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model... directive (AD): Eurocopter France: Docket No. FAA-2013-0399; Directorate Identifier 2011-SW-064-AD. (a...

  11. 77 FR 44509 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model.... 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): Eurocopter France (Eurocopter...

  12. 77 FR 43734 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-26

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model... amended by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): Eurocopter France: Docket No. FAA-2012...

  13. An African Muslim saint and his followers in France

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soares, B.F.

    2004-01-01

    This paper explores the practice of Islam among a relatively understudied group of Muslim migrants in France, the Halpulaaren, some of whom have been living in France for more than three decades. Drawing on field research in Senegal, Mali and France, the author considers the contexts for Halpulaaren

  14. 78 FR 75579 - Low Enriched Uranium From France

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-12

    ... COMMISSION Low Enriched Uranium From France Determination On the basis of the record \\1\\ developed in the... antidumping duty order on low enriched uranium from France would be likely to lead to continuation or...), entitled Low Enriched Uranium from France: Investigation No. 731-TA-909 (Second Review). By order of the...

  15. Aging in France: Population Trends, Policy Issues, and Research Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beland, Daniel; Durandal, Jean-Philippe Viriot

    2013-01-01

    Like in other advanced industrial countries, in France, demographic aging has become a widely debated research and policy topic. This article offers a brief overview of major aging-related trends in France. The article describes France's demographics of aging, explores key policy matters, maps the institutional field of French social gerontology…

  16. 78 FR 70242 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter (Eurocopter) France Model... been approved by the aviation authority of France and are approved for operation in the United States...

  17. 78 FR 59298 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to revise airworthiness directive (AD) 2011-22-05 for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter... These helicopters have been approved by the aviation authority of France and are approved for operation...

  18. 78 FR 59306 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model... helicopters have been approved by the aviation authority of France and ] are approved for operation in the...

  19. 78 FR 65871 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ... France Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS332C... aviation authority of France and are approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to our bilateral...

  20. 78 FR 70205 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ...-056-AD; Amendment 39-17666; AD 2013-23-11] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS332L2 and EC225LP... aviation authority of France and are approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to our bilateral...

  1. 78 FR 69989 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-22

    ...-091-AD; Amendment 39-17664; AD 2013-23-09] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS350B, AS350BA, AS350B1... These helicopters have been approved by the aviation authority of France and are approved for operation...

  2. 78 FR 63429 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France Model AS332C, AS332L... approved by the aviation authority of France and are approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant...

  3. 78 FR 76984 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ...-084-AD; Amendment 39-17696; AD 2013-24-19] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS332C, AS332L, AS332L1... been approved by the aviation authority of France and are approved for operation in the United States...

  4. 78 FR 70202 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ...-072-AD; Amendment 39-17665; AD 2013-23-10] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... superseding Airworthiness Directive (AD) 2010- 21-01 for Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Model AS350B, BA, B1... by the aviation authority of France and are approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to...

  5. Enquête LMD sur le web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colette Cauvin

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available En relation avec la mise en place des LMD, une enquête sur le web a été entreprise en janvier 2003 afin de connaître les orientations et les choix des diverses universités délivrant des diplômes de géographie ou d’une discipline similaire. Grâce à R. Schlumberger (laboratoire Image et Ville de nombreux sites ont été consultés et analysés. Qu’elle en soit remerciée.   Cependant, la lecture des informations a été plus malaisée que prévue en raison, en particulier, de la multiplicité des langue...

  6. The Post-traditional Chef in Traditional France: Negotiating the Gastronational myth in Le chef en France

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leer, Jonatan

    narrative. The paper will explore an example of this tendency, namely the French show Le Chef en France (2012)hosted by France celebrity chef number one: Cyril Lignac. The analysis will focus on how the show tries to reconstruct a myth of France as a unique culture united by specific French attitude towards...

  7. “How ‘ya gonna keep’em down at the farm now that they’ve seen Paree?”: France in Super Hero Comics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Labarre

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Any extensive reading of super hero comics will reveal that the representation of France within the genre borrows mostly from touristic clichés, using the country as a foreign, exotic yet not too disorientating setting. Narrative economy and gradual refinements have led to the creation of a codified, consensual and unrealistic depiction of France, centered mostly on Paris and the Eiffel Tower. However, this efficient codification is not value-free. A study of Justice League Europe, a rare example of super-hero series set in France over a long period reveals that France is consistently depicted as a place of history, while being denied a contemporary significance. The country appears as a fascinating but subordinate neighbor, and this evaluation can in turn be found, albeit in a more elliptic way, in numerous series portraying France only in short episodes. The self-consciousness of modern super hero comics, however, suggests that the notion of representation should be handled with care. The depiction of France in super-hero comics originates in part in the perception of the country in the United States, but it also derives in a significant way from the internal evolutions of the genre.La représentation de la France dans les bandes-dessinée de super-héros repose surtout sur des clichés touristiques, le pays étant utilisé comme un décor étranger et exotique, sans risquer pour autant de désorienter le lecteur. Le principe d’économie narrative et un affinage progressif ont ainsi conduit à la création d’une image codifiée, consensuelle et peu réaliste, centrée sur Paris et sur la Tour Eiffel. Cependant, cette représentation efficace n’est pas neutre. L’étude Justice League Europe, un des rares exemples de séries super-héroïques durablement situées en France, montre que le pays y est décrit comme un lieu d’histoire mais se voit dénier toute pertinence dans le monde contemporain. La France apparaît alors comme un

  8. L'absentéisme au travail de longue durée pour raisons de santé. Étude comparative entre la France et la Norvège (2000-2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Skare, Øivind

    2013-01-01

    Ce mémoire présente les résultats d'une étude comparative sur l'absentéisme pour raisons de santé entre la Norvège et la France pour la période 2000-2013. Les observations du mémoire affirment que le système d'indemnisation est plus généreux en Norvège qu'en France, comme tous les salariés sont indemnisés à 100 % du salaire pendant toute la durée du congé de maladie. Pour la France, le système d'indemnisation est assez hétérogène. Les fonctionnaires sont généralement mieux indemnisés que les ...

  9. Implication du stress oxydatif dans la toxicité du plomb sur une plante modèle, Vicia faba

    OpenAIRE

    Pourrut, Bertrand

    2008-01-01

    Le plomb est un des métaux les plus utilisés par l'Homme mais c'est aussi l'un des plus toxiques. Dans les écosystèmes, la teneur en plomb d'origine anthropique n'a cessé d'augmenter depuis plusieurs siècles. Dans plusieurs régions en France, le plomb pose actuellement des problèmes importants en matière de contamination de l'environnement. Les plantes, du fait de leur immobilité, sont particulièrement exposées. De nombreuses études ont déjà évalué la toxicité de ce métal sur les végétaux, ma...

  10. Groundwater management in France: the case of the Seine Basin; La gestion des eaux souterraines en France: exemple du bassin de la Seine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collet, M. [Agence de l' Eau Seine Normandie, Nanterre (France)

    2001-07-01

    In France, groundwater usage represents 40 per cent of volumetric use, outside of thermal power plants. Groundwater represents 60 per cent of domestic and public use, 40 per cent in the industrial sector, and is increasing in the agricultural sector where it accounts for 20 per cent. Groundwater withdrawal in France has slightly increased over the last twenty years and benefited the agricultural sector. Availability throughout the territory, the consistency of resupply and natural quality has rendered groundwater a prevailing source for drinking water. Water protection and management is important and led to the adoption of legislative and regulatory measures. The Mining Code (Code minier) allows for exploitation of underground resources starting at 10 metres. The Rural Code (Code rural) mandates the declaration of public utility for water collection for the public. Protection areas are to be provided under the Public Health Code (Code de sante publique). Proper permits and authorizations must be obtained for withdrawal, artificial recharge, return flows, underground storage having an impact on the water resource under the Environment Code (Code de l'environnement). Other management policies complement these regulations. The implementation is facilitated by the principle of polluter-payer. Networks of patrimonial measure have been established to monitor and control the water resource, and relies on a database for a better understanding of aquifers. Quantitative management policies were included in the 1992 Water Law (loi sur l'eau), including the establishment of alert zones in periods of minimum flow. The impact of human activities on the groundwater resources is being monitored on a regular basis. Water pumping is metered, and at times hydrodynamic models of aquifers are required to assist in the decision-making process. The specific cases of the Seine-Normandie and Beauce Basins was discussed. Qualitative management involves water quality, and a number

  11. Evaluation d'impact sur la santé et évaluation d'impact sur l'équité en santé : éventail de pratiques et questions de recherche.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villeval, Mélanie; Bidault, Elsa; Lang, Thierry

    2016-09-01

    L'Evaluation d'Impact sur la Santé (EIS) se développe au niveau international et est encore au stade émergent en France. Elle vise à évaluer les effets positifs et négatifs potentiels d'un projet, d'un programme ou d'une politique sur la santé. L'objectif est de produire des recommandations en direction des décideurs, afin d'en maximiser les effets positifs et d'en diminuer les effets négatifs. L'EIS est un moyen particulièrement intéressant d'action sur les déterminants de la santé au-delà des comportements individuels et du système de santé. Les politiques de logement, de transport, de solidarité, économiques, etc. ont, en effet, des impacts souvent non prévus sur la santé. Au-delà des effets sur la santé, l'EIS doit aussi permettre d'apprécier la distribution de ces effets dans la population.Si la préoccupation pour l'équité en santé est centrale dans l'EIS, elle reste cependant difficilement traduite en pratique. Face à cette difficulté, des démarches d'évaluation d'impact ont été développées pour renforcer la prise en compte de l'équité à chaque étape de l'EIS ou « Equity Focused Health Impact Assessment », ou prendre en compte les impacts sur les inégalités de santé de façon spécifique. Ainsi, l'Evaluation de l'Impact sur l'Equité en Santé (EIES) semble, par exemple, particulièrement intéressante pour évaluer l'impact sur les inégalités de projets dans le champ sanitaire.L'EIS et l'EIES posent de nombreuses questions de recherche, notamment autour de la réunion, dans une même démarche, du politique, du citoyen et de l'expert. La participation des populations vulnérables potentiellement affectées par la politique évaluée est une valeur centrale de l'EIS, mais pose des questions d'acceptabilité sociale. La collaboration avec les décideurs politiques est également un enjeu majeur. Les difficultés méthodologiques, notamment de quantification des impacts, peuvent constituer des freins à la promotion

  12. N. Zemon Davis, Essai sur le don dans la France du 16e siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludovic Frobert

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Lors d’un entretien récent Natalie Zemon Davis soulignait opportunément : « […] the study of the past provides rewards for moral sensibility and tools for critical understanding. No matter how evil the times, no matter how immense the cruelty, some elements of opposition or kindness and godness emerge. No matter how bleak and constrained the situation, some forms of improvisation and coping take place. No matter what happens, people go on telling stories about it and bequeath them to the futu...

  13. Notes sur la Production du Fer et la Fabrication des Armes en France au Moyen·Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finó, J. F.

    1964-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    LA fabrication des armes, comme toute autre activité de l'homme, est le fruit de son intelligence placée face à des circonstances données. Ses résultats sont conditionnés par les ressources et par les moyens que lui fournissent le milieu environnant. Autrement dit, l'évolution de l'armement ne doit pas être uniquement considérée en fonction des facteurs militaires mais aussi de ceux d'ordre économique et technologique.

  14. Outil d’évaluation de l’impact du changement climatique sur l’agriculture en France

    OpenAIRE

    BERTUZZI, Patrick; Munier Jolain, Nathalie; Gaunand, Ariane; Colinet, Laurence; Institut National de Recherche Agronomique UAR 1155 Département Environnement et Agronomie

    2014-01-01

    L’ANR Climator a été un moteur de l’élaboration de stratégies d’adaptation au changement climatique, contribuant notamment à la formulation de la prospective nationale AFClim conduite par le Centre d’Etudes et de Prospective du ministère de l’agriculture. Les acteurs agricoles ont été sensibilisés aux effets concrets du changement climatique localement et pour diverses filières. Des observatoires mis en place par certaines régions, l’Etat et l’ADEME mobilisent les enseignements de Climator po...

  15. Impacts du changement climatique sur la croissance et le développement du blé en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gate Philippe

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge acquired over the paste decades on wheat physiology allows for an estimation of the impacts of key climatic factors on wheat physiology, yield components, as well as a quantification of the main climatic risks for the crop. Using historical weather data sets starting in 1955 from a large number of weather stations, we have concluded that a certain number of climatic risks have changed through comparison of two sequences: 1955-1980 and 1981-2005. Despite a significant anticipation of phenological stages, number of grains perm2 has been significantly affected by an incresase in water stress during stem extension; also, kernel weight is more strongly penalized through the joint effects of increased drought and especially increased heat stress during grain filling. These tendancies vary geographically. Certain regions have been affected early on (mediteranean region, whereas others are almost untouched as yet (western maritime front. Studies using projected future weather data validates this tendancy and allows its extrapolation. We propose adaptation pathways through escape based on varietal earliness and identify new phenological ideotypes and modes of growth better adapted to future risk. As a complement, the interest of selecting for cultivars tolerant to abiotic stresses is put forward, especially cultivars efficient with regards to water use and resistant to high temperatures. For these aspects, simple diagnostic methods and characterization tools are given. Finally, a preliminary analysis of the adaptation of cropping practices (sowing, nitrogen fertilization, lodging control is initiated.

  16. Modeling the Historical Flood Events in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Hani; Blaquière, Simon

    2017-04-01

    We will present the simulation results for different scenarios based on the flood model developed by AXA Global P&C CAT Modeling team. The model uses a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) with 75 m resolution, a hydrographic system (DB Carthage), daily rainfall data from "Météo France", water level from "HYDRO Banque" the French Hydrological Database (www.hydro.eaufrance.fr), for more than 1500 stations, hydrological model from IRSTEA and in-house hydraulic tool. In particular, the model re-simulates the most important and costly flood events that occurred during the past decade in France: we will present the re-simulated meteorological conditions since 1964 and estimate insurance loss incurred on current AXA portfolio of individual risks.

  17. Acerca de Juana Francés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Fernández Orgaz

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Partiendo de la desigual visibilidad de Juana Francés frente al resto de compañeros de su generación, el artículo considera algunos de los factores que provocaron esta injusta situación. Así mismo se aborda un recorrido por la intensa y variada trayectoria creativa de la artista que incluye sus etapas más significativas analizadas.Taking into account the poor visibility of Juana Francés compared to tfie rest of tier generation colleagues, ttie article reflects on some of tfie causes ttiat provoked this unfair situation. In addition to that, tfie article explores the intense and diverse artistic career including her most significant stages.

  18. FRANCE : LE BILAN DEMOGRAPHIQUE DES MAIRES

    OpenAIRE

    Chalard, Laurent; Dumont, Gérard-François

    2008-01-01

    International audience; [Analyze common performance at the urban, economic, social or fiscal need. Another evaluation criterion is population growth, relevant indicator of the dynamism of a common, especially in a comparative perspective. But in France, it highlights significant disparities: municipalities have significantly increased their population; others, on the contrary, have lost population. The result is a precise geography of communal demographic changes.]; Analyser les performances ...

  19. France: Nukes Stuck between NATO and EU

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    achievements because of its numerous Nobel Prize winners in the fields of physics and chemistry . 39...material. Le Bouchet, built in 1949, was the first facility in France to begin extracting plutonium from the spent fuel rods from ZOE. The process became...with the predecessor of what would be the first operational warhead. The AN- 11 and later the AN-22 warheads were a plutonium -based fission weapon

  20. Cod (Gadus morhua) rearing attempts in France

    OpenAIRE

    Suquet, Marc; Omnes, Marie-helene; Normant, Yvon; Petton, Bruno; Severe, Armelle; Fauvel, Christian; Barone, Herve; Quemener, Loic; Buchet, Vincent; Pasco, Laurent; Menard, E.; Gaignon, Jean-louis

    2002-01-01

    Because of its rapid growth, its good reputation and the promising aquaculture experiences conducted in Norway and Scotland, cod is considered as a good candidate for cold water aquaculture. The aim of this paper is to present the work carried out in France since 1999: the selection of cod as a promising candidate for aquaculture and the assessment of its rearing performances in this environment.

  1. Frances Keesler Graham (1918-2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, W Keith

    2014-09-01

    Frances Keesler Graham, noted psychophysiologist and developmental researcher, died on April 16, 2013. Fran was born in Canastota, New York, on August 1, 1918. Fran's high-quality research, her success in obtaining 39 years of uninterrupted funding, and the very high regard in which she was held among her colleagues led to numerous awards and honors. Fran was demanding but equally willing to provide extensive assistance to students willing to work hard. (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.

  2. Enterovirus Migration Patterns between France and Tunisia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Othman, Ines; Mirand, Audrey; Slama, Ichrak; Mastouri, Maha; Peigue-Lafeuille, Hélène; Aouni, Mahjoub; Bailly, Jean-Luc

    2015-01-01

    The enterovirus (EV) types echovirus (E-) 5, E-9, and E-18, and coxsackievirus (CV-) A9 are infrequently reported in human diseases and their epidemiologic features are poorly defined. Virus transmission patterns between countries have been estimated with phylogenetic data derived from the 1D/VP1 and 3CD gene sequences of a sample of 74 strains obtained in France (2000-2012) and Tunisia (2011-2013) and from the publicly available sequences. The EV types (E-5, E-9, and E-18) exhibited a lower worldwide genetic diversity (respective number of genogroups: 4, 5, and 3) in comparison to CV-A9 (n = 10). The phylogenetic trees estimated with both 1D/VP1 and 3CD sequence data showed variations in the number of co-circulating lineages over the last 20 years among the four EV types. Despite the low number of genogroups in E-18, the virus exhibited the highest number of recombinant 3CD lineages (n = 10) versus 4 (E-5) to 8 (E-9). The phylogenies provided evidence of multiple transportation events between France and Tunisia involving E-5, E-9, E-18, and CV-A9 strains. Virus spread events between France and 17 other countries in five continents had high probabilities of occurrence as those between Tunisia and two European countries other than France. All transportation events were supported by BF values > 10. Inferring the source of virus transmission from phylogenetic data may provide insights into the patterns of sporadic and epidemic diseases caused by EVs.

  3. The e-Bug project in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Touboul, Pia; Dunais, Brigitte; Urcun, Jeanne-Marie; Michard, Jean-Louis; Loarer, Christian; Azanowsky, Jean-Michel; Vincent, Isabelle; Jestin, Christine; Housseau, Bruno; de Warren, Anne; Dellamonica, Pierre

    2011-06-01

    The high rates of antibiotic prescriptions and antimicrobial resistance in France motivated its participation in the European e-Bug school project concerning microbes, and infection transmission, prevention and treatment. The prospect of raising awareness among children, helping them to adopt suitable attitudes and behaviour towards infection transmission and treatment starting from childhood, generated enthusiastic support from relevant national educational and health institutions throughout the Project. France was actively involved in every stage: background research showed that the subject matter was best suited to the national science curricula of the fourth and fifth forms in junior schools, and the sixth and ninth forms in senior schools; a focus group study with junior and senior teachers elicited teachers' needs concerning teaching resources; and a qualitative and quantitative evaluation, after translation and pack review, enabled further adaptation of the packs. This evaluation showed an overall enthusiastic reception by teachers and their students in France, and reassured teachers on the ease of use of the Project's resources and students' progress. The e-Bug Project was launched through a national institutional implementation plan in September 2009 and orders for e-Bug tools increased rapidly. By the end of October, 57% of all senior science teachers and 16% of all junior school teachers had ordered the pack. France is one of the most frequent users of the e-Bug web site. The collaboration with both educational and health partners was particularly helpful to implementing the Project, and this was confirmed by the favourable reception and participation of teachers and students in the field.

  4. [Suicide in France, a situational analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Facy, Françoise

    2017-04-01

    The fall in the number of suicides in France in no way diminishes the urgent need to act and reinforce the efforts, initiatives and resources to fight against this human tragedy. Public policies are starting to show results. The action of the French national suicide watch, associations, health professionals as well as the perspectives of the French national mental health council should amplify this movement. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  5. Populations at Risk for Alveolar Echinococcosis, France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piarroux, Martine; Piarroux, Renaud; Knapp, Jenny; Bardonnet, Karine; Dumortier, Jérôme; Watelet, Jérôme; Gerard, Alain; Beytout, Jean; Abergel, Armand; Bresson-Hadni, Solange

    2013-01-01

    During 1982–2007, alveolar echinococcosis (AE) was diagnosed in 407 patients in France, a country previously known to register half of all European patients. To better define high-risk groups in France, we conducted a national registry-based study to identify areas where persons were at risk and spatial clusters of cases. We interviewed 180 AE patients about their way of life and compared responses to those of 517 controls. We found that almost all AE patients lived in 22 départements in eastern and central France (relative risk 78.63, 95% CI 52.84–117.02). Classification and regression tree analysis showed that the main risk factor was living in AE-endemic areas. There, most at-risk populations lived in rural settings (odds ratio [OR] 66.67, 95% CI 6.21–464.51 for farmers and OR 6.98, 95% CI 2.88–18.25 for other persons) or gardened in nonrural settings (OR 4.30, 95% CI 1.82–10.91). These findings can help sensitization campaigns focus on specific groups. PMID:23647623

  6. A paradox in physics education in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smigiel, Eddie; Sonntag, Michel

    2013-07-01

    This paper deals with the nature and the level of difficulty of teaching and learning physics in the first year of undergraduate engineering schools in France. Our case study is based on a survey regarding a classic and basic question in applied physics, and which was conducted with a group of second-year students in a post-baccalaureateThe French baccalaureate (baccalauréat) is the examination students must pass to graduate from high school. undergraduate engineering school. The responses to the survey indicate that many students fall into a kind of mathematical ‘formalism’, which prevents them from understanding the actual physics behind the question. This leads us to believe that we must reconsider the way that physics is taught. An analysis of a physics teaching sequence in French and English undergraduate textbooks confirms the weight given to mathematical formalism in France. When approached from a purely mathematical angle, physics becomes a long and slow process of assimilation of the specific scientific culture that underlies the teaching model used in classes préparatoires, classes that are usually presented as a model of academic excellence. However, this model appears to be less suitable when teaching more ‘ordinary students’, who respond better when taken through a ‘detour’ of the ‘important roots’ of physics. This paper shows that in France historically rooted pedagogical traditions persist, ignoring the latest advances in research on science teaching.

  7. Gaz de France 2006 annual report; Gaz de France 2006 rapport d'activite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Gaz de France is major European energy utility, which produces, purchases, transports, distributes and sells natural gas, electricity and related services for its residential, corporate and local government customers. Its strategic focuses are to develop an ambitious marketing strategy, pursue a supply and procurement policy that guarantees the Group's competitiveness, confirm its position as a benchmark infrastructure manager, and speed up its profitable growth in Europe. Gaz de France aligns its strategy with a concrete and ambitious sustainable development policy. Its growth model is based on responsiveness to customers and constructive dialogue with its employees and partners. This document is the activity report of the group for the year 2006. It presents: 1 - the corporate profile of the group; 2 - its strategies (energy, energy supply, infrastructures); 3 - its financial highlights; 4 - its governance, shareholders and human resources; 5 - the activities of the group (exploration and production, energy procurement, energy sales, services, transmission France, storage France, LNG terminals, distribution France, transmission and distribution international, research and development); 6 - its 2006 financial data and financial summary.

  8. Double éclairage sur l'organisation thématique de discours oraux 'publics'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montemayor-Borsinger Ann

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Double éclairage sur l’organisation thématique de discours oraux « publics ». Notre analyse portera sur des discours oraux « publics » présentant différents degrés de formalité et se rapprochant plus ou moins de l’écrit : extrait d’une leçon de Michel de Foucault au Collège de France et fragment d’un entretien télévisé avec Georges Simenon. Il s’agira d’étudier l’organisation thématique de ces discours et de mettre en évidence leur spécificité, à la lumière de deux approches distinctes. Premièrement, la linguistique Systémique Fonctionnelle (Halliday 1994, Halliday et Mathiessen 2004, qui considère le thème du point de vue positionnel comme le point de départ d’un énoncé (« message », autorise une analyse globale : au niveau du discours, la succession de ces points de départ constitue l’échafaudage du texte et indique comment l’auteur a choisi de le développer ; elle autorise une analyse contrastive entre discours oral et discours écrit, faisant apparaître la spécificité de l’oral, même très formel. Deuxièmement, une approche qui considère le thème plutôt sous un angle informationnel (Firbas 1964, 1992, Chafe 1994, permet une approche multidimensionnelle de l’organisation thématique, combinant la prise en compte d’informations lexicales, syntaxiques et prosodiques, avec des éléments relevant de la situation et de la structure discursive. Cette double analyse nous conduira à faire apparaître précisément les caractéristiques des discours étudiés, à approfondir la relation entre les aspects positionnels et informationnels de la notion de thème, tout en proposant une heuristique sur les relations complexes et dialectiques qui s’établissent entre les différentes dimensions impliquées dans l’organisation thématique.

  9. Influence des systemes agraires sur la dynamique de regeneration ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Influence des systemes agraires sur la dynamique de regeneration naturelle du karite: Vitellaria paradoxa CF gaernt (Sapotaceae) en Côte D'Ivoire. N Diarrassouba, J Lfofana, A Bakayoko, AK Nguessan, A Sangare ...

  10. France : la formation des enseignant en échec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Louis Gauthier

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Née avec la révolution française puis l’établissement du régime républicain, l’école française actuelle a longtemps été en phase avec la nation française. Elle fut longtemps la garantie de l’égalité de l’accès à l’instruction. Cependant, depuis plusieurs décennies, l’éducation française connaît, comme la plupart des pays, une évolution chaotique de son système éducatif. Plus particulièrement, le système de formation des enseignants peine à trouver la structure qui répondrait aux besoins réels d’une école qui doit faire face à de nombreux défis culturels et sociétaux. Depuis 1989, le système de formation a connu trois réformes majeures en France. Avec l’arrivée d’un gouvernement de gauche au pouvoir en 2012, il s’apprête à connaître une quatrième réforme de fond. Le nouveau pouvoir politique semble avoir compris que l’amélioration de l’éducation ne passe pas par la seule solution de la formation des enseignants, mais par un ensemble de réformes structurelles. La réflexion sur la refondation de l’école s’est engagée dès septembre 2012.The French today school was born with the French revolution, then with the establishment of the republic. It was for a long time in a good harmony with the French nation. The school was the guarantee for equality to accede to education. Yet, since some decades, French education evolution knows ups and downs, like other countries. Especially, the teacher training system is labouring to find the structure corresponding to the real needs of the school which must answer to several cultural and social challenges. Since 1989, the teacher training structure had been concerned with three reforms of first importance. With the coming of a left government in 2012, a new reform is coming very soon. The new political power seems to have understood that change for a better education will not pass through the only teacher training system reform, but through

  11. Poéticas del fracaso. Yvette Sánchez, Roland Spiller (Hrsg.)

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Yvette

    2009-01-01

    Poéticas del fracaso En medio del crack de la bolsa de valores editamos este libro que enfoca la poeticidad del fracaso, al que desde siempre la literatura le ha ofrecido asilo, sacando a luz sus camufladas calidades edificantes y poniendo patas arriba su brutal y siempre humillante esencia, neutralizándola estéticamente. Mientras que la relación íntima entre el fracaso y la literatura ha sido productiva y constituyente, tanto en el aspecto textual como en sus implicaciones autobiográfi...

  12. L’inventaire des lieux de mémoire de la Nouvelle-France au Québec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Lauzon

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Un projet d’inventaire du patrimoine immobilier issu de l’époque de la Nouvelle–France a été amorcé en 1998 par le ministère de la Culture et des Communications du Québec, à l’instigation de la Commission franco–québécoise des lieux de mémoire communs. L’article présente les enjeux conceptuels d’un projet pilote qui explore des axes novateurs en terme d’inventaire, que ce soit sur le plan des fondements scientifiques (conception élargie du patrimoine, mise en relation des lieux et phénomènes historiques, de la réalisation (une collaboration internationale Québec–France ou de sa diffusion (utilisation des technologies de l’information.In 1998, the Ministère de la Culture et des Communications du Québec initiated an inventory of architectural and archaeological heritage from the New France period at the instigation of the Commission franco–québécoise des lieux de mémoire communs. This article describes the conceptual issues that arose in the course of a pilot project aimed at exploring innovative approaches to inventory work, be they related to its scientific bases (broader concept of heritage, relationship between historic sites and historic events, realization (international collaboration between Québec and France or the dissemination of its results (use of information technology.

  13. Quelques commentaires sur les personnages de fiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umberto Eco

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available L’auteur met en place des observations et développe des analyses sur le statut des personnages de fiction, mettant à contribution les ressources de l’histoire, de la littérature, de la sémiotique, de la logique et de la narratologie. De quelle vie particulière vivent les personnages de roman, qui fait que nous sommes capables de les tenir pour plus réels que des personnages réels, et que nous sommes enclins à éprouver les sentiments qu’ils éprouvent, même si nous savons qu’ils n’existent pas ? Comment ces personnages de fiction existent-ils, selon quelle « partition » leur existence se développe-t-elle au point d’interférer avec la nôtre ? L’interrogation porte sur la nature de ce flux émotionnel qui s’écoule du lecteur vers les personnages de fiction et les investit de valeur, sur ce qui se projette de la vie vers le roman, entraînant avec lui le lecteur qui se trouve de la sorte impliqué malgré lui dans l’histoire, et se trouve pris dans le mécanisme de l’identification et de la vie fictive.Some commentaries about fiction charactersPutting into form a number of observations and developing an analysis on the status of fiction characters, the author draws on resources coming from history, literature, semiotic, logic et narration. What is that particular life lived by fiction characters that enable us to consider them as being more real than real characters, and to experience the feelings that they experience, even though we know that they do not exist? How do these characters exist? In other words, according to what “script” does their existence develop to the point of interfering with ours? The questioning centres on the nature of the emotional flux which flows from the reader towards the fictional characters thus giving them value, and on what it is which is projected from real life towards the novel and which is capable of sweeping up the reader who, without having particularly intended to do

  14. Professorat de recherche sur les droits de la personne reconnus ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le professeur Ron mènera des recherches sur les difficultés que pose le renforcement des droits de la personne dans les pays en développement. Il aura l'occasion de donner des exposés au personnel du Centre sur ses travaux et de contribuer directement à des programmes tels que le Fonds pour la bonne gouvernance ...

  15. EFFETS D'UN DEFICIT HYDRIQUE SUR CERTAINS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    les effets de ce facteur chez la variété STAM129A de cotonnier vulgarisée au Togo. L'étude porte sur certains ... la croissance en hauteur des plantes à partir du 65ème jour après levée et du taux de rétention des capsules sur certaines branches ... en eau est le facteur abiotique le plus limitant pour la productivité et le ...

  16. Taxes sur les cigarettes en Tanzanie | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Taxes sur les cigarettes en Tanzanie. De 2002 à 2007, le tabagisme a connu une hausse de 20 % en Tanzanie, une augmentation qui devrait atteindre 46 % en 2016 si la tendance se maintient. On s'attend à ce que cette hausse du tabagisme ait d'importantes répercussions sur la santé publique et le développement ...

  17. Taxes sur les cigarettes en Tanzanie | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Taxes sur les cigarettes en Tanzanie. De 2002 à 2007, le tabagisme a connu une hausse de 20 % en Tanzanie, une augmentation qui devrait atteindre 46 % en 2016 si la tendance se maintient. On s'attend à ce que cette hausse du tabagisme ait d'importantes répercussions sur la santé publique et le développement ...

  18. Influence de la recherche sur les politiques (2009) | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    4 mars 2003 ... Des connaissances aux politiques. Le CRDI et la conception des politiques publiques : évaluation stratégique de l'influence de la recherche sur les politiques publiques. Cette évaluation vise à préciser et à documenter ce que le CRDI entend par «influence sur les politiques», à examiner de plus près dans ...

  19. Hybrid Model GSTAR-SUR-NN For Precipitation Data

    OpenAIRE

    Agus Dwi Sulistyono; Waego Hadi Nugroho; Rahma Fitriani; Atiek Iriani

    2016-01-01

    Spatio-temporal model that have been developed such as Space-Time Autoregressive (STAR) model, Generalized Space-Time Autoregressive (GSTAR), GSTAR-OLS and GSTAR-SUR. Besides spatio-temporal phenomena, in daily life, we often find nonlinear phenomena, uncommon patterns and unidentified characteristics of the data. One of current developed nonlinear model is a neural network. This study is conducted to form a hybrid model GSTAR-SUR-NN to develop spatio-temporal model that has better prediction...

  20. EFFETS DE LA TEMPERATURE SUR LA GERMINATION ET LA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    EFFETS DE LA TEMPERATURE SUR LA GERMINATION ET LA CROISSANCE DE CLADOSPORIUM MUSAE EN VUE D'UNE ETUDE DES RELATIONS ... Une souche du champignon isolée sur le cultivar Figue sucrée et nommée Cl2 dans la mycothèque du laboratoire de Physiologie Végétale a été utilisée en vue ...

  1. Sept Articles sur le Conflit en Afrique

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sociaux, et re—inventer une cité plus ouverte et démocratique. La série de textes proposée dans ce numéro est une invitation à une prise de conscience collective sur les enjeux théorique que pose à la sociologie africaine, les crises qui surviennent sur le continent. Les périodes de crise font toujours émerger la structure ...

  2. Analyse technico–économique des Aliments densifies sur les ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Une étude portant sur l'influence des aliments densifiés sur la performance de croissance des boucs roux de Maradi a été conduite entre juillet 2016 à septembre 2016. Quarante deux (42) boucs ont été répartis au hasard en six lots de sept individus. Chaque lot correspond à un aliment ou traitement préparé à partir des.

  3. Effet De La Complementation Avec Des Blocs Multinutritionnels Sur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dans le but d'évaluer l'effet des blocs multinutritionnels sur l'utilisation fourrages pauvres (paille de sorgho (PS) et foin de Pennisetum pedicellatum, Trin.(Pp)), une étude de dégradation « in sacco » a été conduite sur des béliers munis de canules de rumen. Quatre traitements expérimentaux : T1, PS + bloc sans ...

  4. Effets de la fertilisation potassique des sols ferrugineux tropicaux sur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'étude a été conduite pendant deux années, dans deux stations expérimentales situées à l'Ouest et à l'Est du Burkina Faso, pour évaluer l'efficacité de la fertilisation potassique sur les rendements du cotonnier et ses effets sur les caractéristiques technologiques de la fibre de coton. Les traitements étaient constitués par la

  5. Des pratiques culturales influent sur les attaques de deux ravageurs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La culture de tomate est attaquée par plusieurs ravageurs dont Helicoverpa armigera et Tuta absoluta. Dans le but d'évaluer l'effet des pratiques culturales de la tomate sur ces principaux ravageurs dans les Niayes (Sénégal), un échantillonnage de 98 parcelles est effectué, sur quatre cycles de culture en saison sèche, de ...

  6. Nuclear safety in France in 2001; La surete nucleaire en France en 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This press dossier summarizes the highlights of nuclear safety in France in 2001: the point-of-view of A.C. Lacoste, director of the French authority of nuclear safety (ASN), the new organisation of the control of nuclear safety and radiation protection, the ASN's policy of transparency, the evolutions of nuclear fuels and the consistency of the fuel cycle, the necessary evolutions of the nuclear crisis management, the harmonizing work of safety approaches carried out by the WENRA association. The following documents are attached in appendixes: the decrees relative to the reformation of the nuclear control in France, the missions of the ASN, the control of nuclear safety and radiation protection in France, the organization of ASN in March 2000, the incidents notified in 2001, the inspections performed in 2001, and the list of the main French nuclear sites. (J.S.)

  7. Gaz de France annual report 2001; Gaz de France rapport annuel 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    One of Europe's leading gas utilities, the Gaz de France Group operates in all sectors of the natural gas industry, from exploration and production to energy distribution and services, to respond to customer demand efficiently and achieve sustained and profitable growth. To this end, the Group is organized in five lines of business: exploration and production, supply and trading, transmission, distribution and services. Active in 33 countries, the Gaz de France Group first targets growth in Europe, its natural environment. The opening of energy markets and its position at the center of Europe's gas grids offers the Group many opportunities in trading, transmission for third parties, distribution and services. Since August 10, 2000, Gaz de France has made it possible for other gas operators to access its transmission system. The Group capitalizes on its expertise at the global level as well, in emerging markets like Mexico and in fields in which it has recognized know-how, such as liquefied natural gas (LNG). To ensure this growth and pursue its penetration of European and world markets, the Gaz de France Group implements a policy of cooperation and partnership with other energy sector operators, demonstrates its well-developed ability to innovate and practices a customer-focused organization that offers competitive, tailored services to residential users, companies and local governments. The Group has chosen to pursue this growth through a strategy of sustainable development. By making natural gas more accessible and promoting its uses, Gaz de France integrates demand-side management of energy, fosters human development and ensures environmental protection in France, Europe and the world. This activity report presents: the corporate profile of the group, the international natural gas businesses, the financial highlights, the growth objectives of the group in all its businesses (exploration and production, supply and trading, transmission, distribution

  8. Evaluation des connaissances sur le transport a distance des polluants atmospheriques et sur les depots acides: partie 1 : resume administratif

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1986-01-01

    A l'automne de 1984, le Comite federal-provincial de coordination de la recherche et de la surveillance dans le domaine des pluies acides a decide d'evaluer l'etat des connaissances sur le transport...

  9. De l'avant au Zimbabwe : dialogue sur les politiques fondé sur des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Avec la formation d'un gouvernement inclusif en mars 2009, le Zimbabwe émerge de dix ans de déclin socioéconomique marqués par des taux de pauvreté, de chômage et d'inflation élevés, de même que par la prestation de services médiocres sur le plan de l'éducation, de la santé et des infrastructures. Le Centre for ...

  10. Le quatrième Symposium mondial sur la recherche sur les systèmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 janv. 2017 ... Les flambées de maladies infectieuses et d'épidémies ont des conséquences similaires : les conséquences de la maladie à virus Ebola sur la santé des mères et des enfants d'Afrique de l'Ouest en sont un exemple. Il s'agit là de certains des sujets abordés lors des discussions dirigées par des chercheurs ...

  11. General presentation of the biomass in France; Presentation generale de la biomasse en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-09-15

    The biomass is the first source of renewable energy in France. It allows the thermal (heat, fuels) and electrical energy recovery.It satisfies many stakes in the energy, the environment and the employment. This document presents the energy stake, the environmental stake and the economic and social stake. It discusses also the wood energy recovery in France, provides statistical data, definitions and methodologies of evaluation. It analyzes the production and consumption of the wood energy for the industrial and domestic sectors. (A.L.B.)

  12. La gestion de la demande d'eau au Danemark: Point de vue nordique sur le project LRC (Rhone-Barcelone)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mikael Skou

    1998-01-01

    posées au collectif, d’abord en Espagne, puis dans des pays européens autres que la France et l’Espagne. On découvre alors que de nombreux autres projets de transferts en Europe ont été envisagés et abandonnés, et souvent, avant même que les impacts sur l’environnement soient en jeu, pour des raisons de......Are hydrodinosaurs sustainable ? Il résume les acquis d’une étude collective de niveau européen sur le transfert envisagé de l’eau du Rhône à Barcelone. Mais il commence par la présentation de la controverse dans laquelle l’auteur a été engagé à ce sujet. Puis l’article présente les questions...... non viabilité économique. Et sur le plan des institutions et du droit, c’est l’approche en termes d’usage raisonnable et équitable qui paraît plus durable à la fois que les politiques hydrauliques étatiques, et que la privatisation et les marchés de l’eau....

  13. Réflexions sur la science contemporaine

    CERN Document Server

    Darriulat, Pierre

    2007-01-01

    L'auteur y brosse à grands traits un tableau de la science contemporaine : réductionnisme, déterminisme, abstraction, méthodes, mécanismes de validation et interactions entre observation et théorie... ainsi qu'un portrait de ses artisans et une critique des stéréotypes les plus courants (philistin, iconoclaste, apprenti sorcier...) L'accent est mis sur le fait que la science, dont une des missions consiste à dénoncer les illusions du sens commun, ne poursuit pas une quête de vérité absolue mais se contente aujourd'hui d'une vérité simplement meilleure que celle d'hier. La circularité de la science lui interdit de répondre à des questions essentielles comme «Pourquoi ce monde plutôt que rien ?» Pour tenter d'y répondre, le physicien Pierre Darriulat entreprend, avec candeur et bienveillance, un voyage chez les philosophes. Comment la métaphysique s'évade-t-elle du cercle ? Quelle connaissance autre que scientifique nous propose-t-elle ? La circularité condamnant la science au silence...

  14. France. Country profile. [France's economy adjusts to a declining birth rate].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inserra, P

    1984-09-01

    This discussion of France focuses on regions and cities, age distribution, households and families, housing, labor force, consumption, education, and communications. France counted 54,334,871 citizens as of March 4, 1982. There were 250,000 more people than in 1975, yielding a 7-year growth rate of 3.3%. If present trends continue, there will be 56 million French by the end of the 1980s. Since 1975 when the last census was conducted, cities of more than 200,000 lost an average of 5% of their residents. For the 1st time in more than a century, urban areas of 20,000 or more did not gain population but merely held their own. France continues to experience the effects of the large-scale decimation of its male population during the 2 world wars. The World war i loss showed up March 1982 as a relatively smaller 60-74 group. Conversely the population aged 75 and over is growing, both in absolute numbers and as a percent of the population. There were 3.6 million aged 75 and over (6.6% of the population) in 1982 compared with 3 million (5.6%) in 1975. The 19 and under age group declined between 1975-85, from 31% (16.2 million) to 29% (15.6 million). The 20-59 year old group constitutes the largest segment of the population--about double the group aged 19 and under--and its growing. This group was 50% of the population in 1973 and 53% in 1982. The infant mortality rate has declined steadily in France, from 18.2 deaths/1000 births in 1970 to 13.6 in 1975 and 9.5 at present. The total fertility rate has continued to decline: 1.8 children/woman in the 1982 census a rate less than the number needed to replace the present French population. Between 1975-82 households grew 10.4% to a total of 19.6 million. The growth in the number of households is attributed to the increase in divorce and the tendency for French children to leave the parental home at an earlier age. France has nearly 23 million dwelling places. More than half of householders own their own homes. New housing starts

  15. CONTROVERSES AUTOUR DE L’ANATOMIE DANS LES TRAITÉS ARTISTIQUES PENDANT LA PÉRIODE MODERNE EN FRANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Portmann Maria

    2016-01-01

    Dès la Renaissance en France les artistes s’intéressent de près à l’anatomie afin de représenter le corps humain le plus justement possible. Influencé par ses pairs l’Eva Prima Pandora et le Livre de Pourtraicture de Jean Cousin font largement référence aux proportions de Vitruve par l’intermédiaire d’Albrecht Dürer et à l’anatomie pour justifier la primauté de la peinture sur la sculpture en prenant comme point de départ les commentaires de Benedetto Varchi. Dans ces deux œuvres Jean Cousin ...

  16. Sedimentary uranium deposits in France and French Union; Les gisements uraniferes dans les formations sedimentaires en France et dans l'Union francaise

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kervella, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    The author gives the actual state of our knowledge on uranium deposits found in recent years. Till now in precambrian formations only one important deposit has been found, at Mounana (Gabon) in a series of conglomeratic sandstones belonging to the 'Francevillien'. The observed mineralization is of the uranium-vanadium type. To the carboniferous formations corresponds in France a series of deposits, among which the most important ones are located at Saint-Hippolyte. Uranium as carburans, organic-bound complexes, is contained in lacustrine schists of Westphalian or lower Stephanian formations. A number of occurrences are also known in permo-triassic formations, particularly in the Vanoise Alps, in the Maritime Alps and in the Herault, where important occurrences have recently been found not far from Lodeve. The cretaceous and tertiary systems contain uranium deposits in phosphate rocks (Morocco, Senegal, Togo, Middle-Congo). Two sedimentary oligocene deposits are known in France. Lastly, the Vinaninkarena deposit in Madagascar, known for a long time, is the only important one reported in the quaternary series. (author) [French] L'auteur fait le point des connaissances acquises sur les gisements decouverts dans les formations sedimentaires en France et dans l'Union francaise au cours des dernieres annees. Les gisements sont classes selon l'age de la formation dans laquelle on les observe. Les terrains precambriens n'ont pour l'instant fourni qu'un seul gisement notable; situe a Mouana (Gabon). C'est en decembre 1956 que cet important gisement fut decouvert dans une serie de gres conglomeratiques appartenant au Francevillien. La mineralisation observee est du type vanadium-uranium. Au carbonifere correspond en France metropolitaine une serie de gisements d'interet variable. Les plus importants sont ceux de Saint-Hippolyte (Haut-Rhin) ou l'uranium est contenu dans des schistes lacustres du Westphalien ou du

  17. Evolution of nuclear chemical industry in France; Evolution de l'industrie chimique nucleaire en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fould, M.H. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1959-07-01

    'impulsion du CEA, mais aussi de maitres d'oeuvres tels qu'Electricite de France et la Marine Marchande, l'effort nucleaire fran is atteint pour les annees 1957-1961, environ 600 milliards de francs: plus de la moitie de cette somme sera depensee par l'industrie chimique en recherches, installations pilotes, constructions d'usines et livraisons. Faire bien, vite et rentable sont les buts recherches. Ces objectifs sont atteints grace a une collaboration intime des grands services de l'etat et de l'industrie privee. Ce gros effort s'exerce principalement dans les voies suivantes: - Un traitement chimique pousse de tonnages croissants des minerais de l'Union fran ise, visant a produire un uranium pur, abondant et bon marche. - Une preparation soigneuse de combustibles nucleaires economiques et parfaitement adaptes aux divers types de reacteurs en fonctionnement ou en construction. - Un retraitement des combustibles irradies pour en extraire le plutonium de facon complete ainsi que l'uranium et certains produits de fission. - Une fabrication industrielle des materiaux nucleairement purs ou resistants a la corrosion exiges par la technologie des reacteurs producteurs d'energie et de recherches. - La fourniture aux multiples utilisateurs etrangers et fran is d'isotopes et de traceurs radioactifs reclames par la medecine, l'industrie et l'agriculture en nombre toujours croissant. - Un traitement chimique meticuleux des effluents gazeux ou liquides dans des stations au controle rigoureux afin de rendre les reacteurs et leurs annexes parfaitement surs d'emploi. Cet expose aura montre l'ampleur de l'effort deploye par une industrie chimique nucleaire jeune, dynamique et en plein essor. Ayant assure ses techniques, realise de nombreuses installations, elle est largement en etat de faire face au programme atomique fran is. En outre, elle est capable et desireuse d'etre associee aux developpements de l

  18. [Epidemiology of induced abortion in France].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vigoureux, S

    2016-12-01

    Conduct a synthesis of existing knowledge about the frequency of induced abortion or termination of pregnancy and unplanned pregnancies, the exposure factors of unplanned pregnancies and abortion and the associated morbidity and mortality. Consultation of The Medline database, and national and international reports on abortions in France and in developed countries. Voluntary termination of pregnancy is an induced abortion, opted for non-medical reasons, which in France can be performed before 14 weeks of gestation. Abortion is a common procedure, with rare complications, amounting to about 220,000 procedures per year in France with a stable rate over decades. Similarly to births, women aged 20 to 24 are most affected. The possibility of an abortion exists for all women; this potential event, however, is not equal for each and varies by age of women, socio-professional situations, geographical origins, marital status and past or present domestic and sexual violence. The French historical analysis shows that for 50 years the increase in contraceptive prevalence rate is associated with a decrease in the frequency of unplanned pregnancies. It is therefore possible that the prevention of unplanned pregnancy through early uptake of contraception and contraception options by women is related to a woman's lifestyle. Nonetheless, the number of abortion remains stable since its decriminalization despite the large increase in medicalized contraceptive prevalence rate. Good knowledge of the epidemiology of voluntary termination of pregnancy and unplanned pregnancies is a prerequisite to better adopt prevention and case management strategies. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  19. 78 FR 38821 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ...-071-AD; Amendment 39-17482; AD 2013-12-04] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France Model EC 155B, EC155B1, SA-366G1, SA-365N, SA... apply to Eurocopter France Model EC 155B, EC155B1, SA-366G1, SA-365N, SA-365N1, AS-365N2, and AS 365 N3...

  20. 77 FR 54353 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    ...; AD 2012-17-02] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters AGENCY: Federal... directive (AD) for all Eurocopter France (EC) Model SA-365N, SA-365N1, SA-366G1, AS-365N2, AS 365 N3, EC... to amend 14 CFR part 39 to include an AD that would apply to all Eurocopter France (EC) Model SA-365N...

  1. 78 FR 25367 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ...-021-AD; Amendment 39-17282; AD 2012-25-01] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France... new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter France Model AS350B, AS350BA, AS350B1, AS350B2... apply to Eurocopter France Model AS350B, AS350BA, AS350B1, AS350B2, AS350B3, AS350C, AS350D, AS350D1...

  2. France: 17th-20th centuries

    OpenAIRE

    Renneville, Marc

    2015-01-01

    International audience; Discutant du Panel 2 – 2.00-4.00 p.m. France: 17th-20th centuries Chair: Lorraine Paterson, Oxford University. An Experimental Penal Colony in the French Caribbean: The Fort-Royal ‘niggers chain’ (Martinique, 1764-1790) by Marie Houllemare, University of Amiens ; The Prison Administration in Morocco under the Era of the French Protectorate: The Improbable Control of an Institution by Nicolas Derasse, Lille 2 University; ‘Moral Rubbish in Close Proximity’: International...

  3. BSE Prevention Update: Comparing France and California

    OpenAIRE

    Maas, John

    2004-01-01

    Over the past four months we have read and heard more about BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; Mad Cow Disease) than we may have ever wanted to know. The California Cattlemen’s Association and other allied groups, particularly the NCBA have done a wonderful job in terms of getting out the facts about BSE and the message that beef is safe for consumers. The BSE issue is extremely complicated and I will compare some of what has been done in France with our situation in California. ...

  4. Frances E. Jensen's The Teenage Brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveri, Marisa M

    2015-01-01

    The unpredictable and sometimes incomprehensible moods and behaviors of a teenager can be a head-scratching mystery-especially to parents. Hormones, boredom, social media, peer pressure, and drugs and alcohol are just a few of the factors to consider. Frances E. Jensen, M.D., professor and chair of neurology at the University of Pennsylvania and the mother of two sons who are now in their twenties (along with Washington Post health and science reporter and Pulitzer Prize winner Amy Ellis Nutt) look at the emerging science of the adolescent brain and provide advice based on Jensen's own research and experience as a single mother.

  5. La France mesurée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique PELLETIER

    1986-09-01

    Full Text Available À la cartographie de cabinet se substitua à la fin du XVIIe et au XVIIIe siècle une cartographie de terrain dont la précision et la cohésion sont la conséquence de l'établissement d'un canevas géométrique couvrant tout le territoire français. La première carte de France, celle de Cassini, plus géométrique que topographique, est l'illustration, voire la caricature, des nouvelles méthodes.

  6. The importance of railway noise in France

    CERN Document Server

    Maurin, M

    1979-01-01

    A national survey on environmental nuisances due to all forms of transport was made in France during 1977. From among the data gathered, it is possible to extract results concerning the impact of nuisance due to railways, partly from results of questionnaires and partly from results of acoustical measurements. Interviews and measurements were made in several towns, at randomly selected dwellings. Rail and air transport noise nuisance impacts appeared to be of comparable importance, with that of road transport very much larger than either. (0 refs).

  7. [National organization of forensic medicine in France].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chariot, Patrick

    2012-06-01

    Forensic medicine has long been characterized, in France, by diverse medical practices, which affected its recognition and development. A change was needed, Harmonization procedure includes the development of professional guidelines and allows forensic medicine to look at itself. However, the implementation of the recommendations is still far from complete. A national reform came into effect on 15 January 2011 and has defined a national reform of forensic medicine which includes funding by global budgets instead of fee-for-service. This reform allows easier organization and identification of forensic medicine units. One year later, tangible results are mixed. Forensic medicine is now more clearly identified but properly defined funding criteria are still lacking.

  8. Which strategies to reach the 'factor 4'? What i retained from all that has been said. Contribution from M. Paul Caseau from the academy of technologies, member of the working group on the division by four of greenhouse gas emissions of France, at the 2050 prospects, named 'factor 4'; Quelles strategies pour atteindre le 'Facteur 4'? Ce que j'ai retenu de tout ce qui a ete dit. Contribution de M. Paul Caseau de l'Academie des Technologies, membre du groupe de travail sur la division par quatre des emissions de gaz a effet de serre de la France, a l'horizon 2050, dit 'facteur 4'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This document makes a synthesis after seven meetings, twenty talks and many debates, of the 'factor 4' working group conclusions about the strategies to implement to reach the requested abatement of France's greenhouse gas emissions by a factor 4. A status is made of the agreements and disagreements of the working group about the different proposals made for the three sub-domains: heat generation in residential, industrial and tertiary buildings; energy generation except heat (mechanical, electrical, lighting..); and energy for transports. For each sub-domain, three ways exist to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions: reduction of the use of the service supplied by energy (rise of prices), improvement of use efficiency, and energy substitution. (J.S.)

  9. Decision no 2010-DC-0182 by the Nuclear Safety Authority on the 18. of May 2010 specifying the limits of releases in the environment of liquid and gaseous effluents of civil base nuclear installations no 46, no 74 and no 100 operated by Electricite de France-Societe Anonyme (EDF-SA) on the district of Saint-Laurent-Nouan (Loir-et-Cher department); Decision n.2010-DC-0182 de l'Autorite de surete nucleaire du 18 mai 2010 fixant les limites de rejets dans l'environnement des effluents liquides et gazeux des installations nucleaires de base n. 46, n. 74 et n. 100 exploitees par Electricite de France - Societe Anonyme (EDF-SA) sur la commune de Saint-Laurent Nouan (departement du Loir-et-Cher)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    This document contains references to the different legal and official documents (codes, orders, minister's opinion, public surveys, administrative authorizations, local community opinion) at the root of this specification of limits related to releases in the environment of liquid and gaseous effluents of civil base nuclear installations operated by Electricite de France-Societe Anonyme (EDF-SA) on the district of Saint-Laurent-Nouan. Commented tables in appendix present the limits for different radioactive emissions (carbon 14, hydrogen 3, iodine, radioactive rare earths, and other alpha, beta and gamma emitters) from these different installations, but also the maximum admitted concentrations for gaseous chemical effluents (boric acid, hydrazine, morpholine, phosphates, nitrates, various metals, and so on). The limits for thermal releases are also specified

  10. Charbonnages de France. 2003 environment report; Charbonnages de France. Rapport environnement 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This annual report presents the Group ''charbonnages de France'' activities in 2003. It concerns the remediation actions, the environmental indicators, the environmental impacts of the sites activities and remediation, the management of the environmental impacts, the mine safety and the production sites management. (A.L.B.)

  11. Energy invoice of France in 2000; Facture energetique de la France en 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The energy invoice of France increased of 102% in 2000, as a direct consequence of the crude oil prices increase. This document details the importation prices evolution, the exchanged energy volumes and the invoice by energy sources. (A.L.B.)

  12. The action of France; L'action de la France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    After a favorable period for the weapons mastership, the disarmament and the non-proliferation, the conditions of international safety and the strategical context revealed recently worrying developments. The France is decided to continue its action in favor of the disarmament and the non-proliferation in the continuity of its political engagements. (A.L.B.)

  13. Gaz de France annual report 2000; Gaz de France rapport annuel 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    A leader in the natural gas market in Europe, Gaz de France is an integrated group active in all sectors of the natural gas industry. In exploration and production, trading of natural gas, transmission, storage, distribution, energy management, air conditioning and heating, the Group has developed recognized skills and know-how both upstream and down to assure its customers of diversified, efficient and competitive services. A leader in liquefied natural gas, storage and distribution technologies, the Gaz de France Group has strong positions in Europe and operates throughout the world by promoting a strategy of alliances and partnerships at all levels of the gas industry. The goal of the Gaz de France Group is to continue to expand and develop its activities from the wellhead to the burner tip, and to seize, in France and throughout the world, the best opportunities offered to capitalize on its strengths. This activity report presents: the corporate profile, the financial highlights, the principal subsidiaries and affiliates, the major European trunk lines the responsive, customer-focused services (exploration-production, trading, transmission, distribution, services), the actions to ensure performance (productive research, comprehensive quality assurance, mobilized workforce ready for the opening of the markets)

  14. The international development of Electricite de France; Le developpement international d'Electricite de France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    In 2001, Electricite de France (EdF) has pursued and increased its international development with a portfolio of participations in foreign electricity companies (Germany, Italy, UK, Brazil, Argentina etc..) that reached 6 billions of euros. This development has been tainted with poor results in South America and has led to some hostile reactions from the Italian and Spanish governments. (J.S.)

  15. The private vehicles in France: data and references; Les vehicules particuliers en France: donnees et references

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Catania, S.

    2004-03-01

    Each year the ADEME establishes and actualizes data bases from data provided by the UTAC and the Auxiliary Association of the Automobile. These data concern the emissions and consumptions of private vehicles approved and sold in France. The last part deals with the technological evolutions of vehicles concerning the fuel consumption decrease. (A.L.B.)

  16. 2004 energy bill of the France; Facture energetique de la France en 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document analyzes the energy bill in France (28,35 milliards of euros), which increased of 24,1 % in 2004. This increase is due to the net imports and especially the fossil fuels. Statistical data and the presentation of Patrick Devedjian, delegated ministry for the Industry, illustrate this economic analysis. (A.L.B.)

  17. Medical physics in France, stakes and necessities; La physique medicale en france, enjeux et necessites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Francois, P.

    2004-07-01

    This series of slides presents the situation of medical physics in France: - role of the medical physicist with respect to the medical procedures in radiotherapy, radiology and nuclear medicine; - responsibility in the treatment chain; - professional qualification and training; - present day and future situation of the profession; - authorities answer; - a profession in great precariousness situation. (J.S.)

  18. Energy statistical data in France april 2007; Statistiques energetiques France avril 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The monthly situation analysis in France at April 2007 is presented. Statistics are given for energy consumption, demand, import and export. A special attention is given to the primary energy, the solid fuels, the petroleum products, the natural gas and the electric power. (A.L.B.)

  19. Nuclear biological studies in France; Les etudes de biologie nucleaires en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coursaget, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-07-01

    On the occasion of a colloquium on radiobiological research programmes, a number of documents dealing with French accomplishments and projects in this field were collected together. We felt that it would be useful to assemble these papers in one report; although they are brief and leave gaps to be filled in, they provide certain data, give an overall view of the situation, and can also suggest a rough plan for the general policy to adopt in the field of 'nuclear' biological research; i.e. research based on the nuclear tracer method or devoted to the action of ionising radiations. (author) [French] Un colloque sur les programmes de recherche en radiobiologie nous a donne l'occasion de reunir des documents sur les realisations et les projets francais dans ce domaine. Il nous a semble utile de reunir en un rapport l'ensemble de ces documents, qui, malgre leur brievete et malgre les lacunes qu'ils comportent, donnent un certain nombre d'informations, permettent une vue d'ensemble et peuvent dessiner aussi l'ebauche d'une politique coherente en matiere de recherches biologiques 'nucleaires', c'est-a-dire de recherches basees sur la methode des indicateurs nucleaires ou consacrees a l'action des rayonnements ionisants. (auteur)

  20. Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in the cfa franc zone after the cfa franc devaluation of January 1994

    OpenAIRE

    Kuikeu, Oscar

    2013-01-01

    In cfa franc zone, the exchange rate was devalued, in January 1994, in order to deal with the major macroeconomic imbalances that have affected the members during the 1980 decade. Thus, the aim of this paper is to assess the degree of over/undervaluation (namely real exchange rate misalignment) of the currency in the cfa franc zone since the cfa franc devaluation of January 1994.

  1. Electricity in France in 2007: a statistical analysis; L'electricite en France en 2007: une analyse statistique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This document presents the evolution of electricity generation and consumption in France over the last years and up to 2007. The production data are analyzed by source type (nuclear, renewable, fossil fuels). The consumption is analyzed by end-use sector and also by class of voltage. Finally, the status of power trades between France and other European countries, and the energy independence ratio of France are presented. (J.S.)

  2. Un cas de leishmaniose féline disséminée dans le sud de la France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pocholle, E.; Reyes-Gomez, E.; Giacomo, A.; Delaunay, P.; Hasseine, L.; Marty, P.

    2012-01-01

    Cet article rapporte un cas de leishmaniose féline disséminée chez un chat (Felis catus) de 14 ans, séropositif pour le FIV et vivant dans les Alpes-Maritimes (sud de la France). Le chat présente des papules érythémateuses ulcérées sur la face et l’encolure, et une lésion proliférative ulcérée sur l’oreille gauche. C’est l’examen histopathologique des lésions cutanées qui permet le diagnostic d’une leishmaniose disséminée, associée à un carcinome épidermoïde de l’oreille. 100 mg d’allopurinol administrés une fois par jour per os pendant quatre mois ont permis la rémission totale des lésions cutanées. Des prélèvements post mortem ont révélé la persistance du parasite dans l’organisme après six mois de traitement. Cet article discute de la sensibilité du chat à la leishmaniose et de son rôle potentiel de réservoir. PMID:22314243

  3. Un cas de leishmaniose féline disséminée dans le sud de la France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pocholle E.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet article rapporte un cas de leishmaniose féline disséminée chez un chat (Felis catus de 14 ans, séropositif pour le FIV et vivant dans les Alpes-Maritimes (sud de la France. Le chat présente des papules érythémateuses ulcérées sur la face et l’encolure, et une lésion proliférative ulcérée sur l’oreille gauche. C’est l’examen histopathologique des lésions cutanées qui permet le diagnostic d’une leishmaniose disséminée, associée à un carcinome épidermoïde de l’oreille. 100 mg d’allopurinol administrés une fois par jour per os pendant quatre mois ont permis la rémission totale des lésions cutanées. Des prélèvements post mortem ont révélé la persistance du parasite dans l’organisme après six mois de traitement. Cet article discute de la sensibilité du chat à la leishmaniose et de son rôle potentiel de réservoir.

  4. Inequalities, social ties and health in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heritage, Z

    2009-01-01

    To discuss the evidence of social health inequalities in France and, in this context, to examine the association of social ties and socio-economic status (SES) with self-reported health (SRH). A literature search and a nationally representative cross-sectional study of 5046 French adults with data about SRH, socio-economic status and relationships with family and friends etc. SRH was analysed by three measures of SES: income, education and socioprofessional group. The frequency of five single and four composite measures of social ties by SES was calculated. Logistic regression models estimated the association between SRH and the social ties variables. Compared with other countries in Western Europe, France has large social class health inequalities, particularly in relation to premature male mortality. This study found that 'less than good' SRH was significantly more likely to be reported by people in lower education, lower socioprofessional and lower income groups. Social isolation and weak social relationships were associated with low SES. For eight of the nine variables, weak social ties were associated with 'less than good' SRH even after adjusting for SES. Weak social ties are associated with poor health. In the context of a country with large health inequalities, the effect of social isolation on health is independent of SES.

  5. Next step, the Tour de France?

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2013-01-01

    The penultimate stage of the 2013 Tour de France, the Annecy-Semnoz time-trial, has already been won – by a CERN staff member!     In keeping with tradition, the organisers of the Tour de France organise another race, the Étape du Tour, which is open to the general public and follows the actual route of an official stage of the Tour proper. This year, the chosen venue was Annecy and its neighbouring mountain, Le Semnoz, which played host to 11,000 cycling enthusiasts from all parts. This penultimate stage of the 2013 Tour will be raced by the professionals on 20 July. The public race was won by Nicolas Roux, an experienced cyclist and member of CERN’s GS-IS Group, who devoured the 128-km course in just 4 hours and 15 minutes, nine seconds ahead of cycling champion Julien Absalon. “I just managed to overhaul Julien Absalon 500 m before the finishing line,” Nicolas recounts. “It was a fantastic race!” Come rain o...

  6. Hybrid Model GSTAR-SUR-NN For Precipitation Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Dwi Sulistyono

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Spatio-temporal model that have been developed such as Space-Time Autoregressive (STAR model, Generalized Space-Time Autoregressive (GSTAR, GSTAR-OLS and GSTAR-SUR. Besides spatio-temporal phenomena, in daily life, we often find nonlinear phenomena, uncommon patterns and unidentified characteristics of the data. One of current developed nonlinear model is a neural network. This study is conducted to form a hybrid model GSTAR-SUR-NN to develop spatio-temporal model that has better prediction. This research is conducted on ten-daily rainfall data at 2005 - 2015 for Blimbing, Singosari, Karangploso, Dau, and Wagir region. Based on the results of this research, indicated that the accuracy of GSTAR ((1, 1,2,3,12,36-SUR model used cross-covariance weight has relatively similar to GSTAR ((1, 1,2,3 , 12.36-SUR-NN (25-14-5 for  Blimbing and Singosari region with 5% error level. While Karangploso, Dau, and Wagir, GSTAR ((1, 1,2,3,12,36-SUR-NN (25-14-5 model has better accuracy in predicting the precipitation at three locations with the value of R2prediction for each location is 0.992, 0.580, and 0.474.

  7. Communication du Service juridique et du Département HR à l'attention des membres du personnel domiciliés en France

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    Déclaration de revenus 2006 Les membres du personnel trouveront ci-après les informations nécessaires sur la manière de remplir la déclaration de revenus 2006, qui doit être retournée au plus tard le 31 mai 2007. Qui doit remplir la déclaration? Comment l'obtenir? Tous les membres du personnel1) domiciliés en France2), qu'ils soient ou non de nationalité française, doivent remplir la déclaration de revenus 2006 sur la base des présentes instructions et la renvoyer signée, au plus tard le 31 mai 2007, au centre des impôts de leur domicile. Les membres du personnel devraient recevoir la déclaration de revenus 2006 fin avril - début mai. Ceux qui ne la recevraient pas directement devront la retirer au centre des impôts, à la trésorerie ou à la mairie de leur domicile ou bien encore la télécharger sur le site internet du Ministère des Finances (www.finances.gouv.fr). Comment remplir la déclaration Les membres du personnel doivent remplir la DECLARATION PAPIER uniquement. Dé...

  8. Évaluation du signal phylogénétique de la capacité de germination de l'orobanche rameuse sur une gamme d’hôtes de la famille des Fabacées

    OpenAIRE

    Gibot-Leclerc, Stéphanie; Perronne, Rémi; Dessaint, Fabrice; Reibel, Carole; Le Corre, Valérie

    2016-01-01

    L’Orobanche rameuse (Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel.) est une plante holoparasite obligatoire se développant sur une gamme très large d’hôtes sauvages et cultivés. En France, elle présente différents types génétiques (pathovars) caractérisés par une divergence génétique associée préférentiellement à une espèce cultivée d’hôte (notamment le colza, le tabac et le chanvre). L’Orobanche rameuse peut aussi se développer sur plusieurs dizaines d’espèces caractéristiques de la flore adventice des gra...

  9. ESP : l'ouverture sur un monde en mutation

    OpenAIRE

    Brouzeng, Evelyne

    2013-01-01

    Au moment où chacun reconnaît la complexité de l’évolution de nos sociétés et l’interdépendance entre les nations, le moment semble venu de réfléchir sur le rôle de l’apprentissage des langues et en particulier sur le rôle de la langue 2 dans la formation des techniciens et des ingénieurs. Notre réflexion sur l’interculturalité participe de cette nécessaire réévaluation de nos pratiques et de nos objectifs. At a time when international economic factors are changing rapidly all over the wor...

  10. La réception de la littérature hébraïque en France The Reception of Israeli Literature in France תקבלותה של הספרות הישראלית בצרפת

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zohar Shavit

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available La réception de la littérature israélienne en France. Ce papier traite de l’histoire de l’accueil de la littérature israélienne en France de la création de l’État jusqu'à nos jours. Il est basé sur des études statistiques des traductions ainsi que de commentaires et critiques publiés dans des revues françaises pendant cette période. Le principal événement littéraire étudié est le « Salon du livre » avec la littérature israélienne comme invitée d'honneur qui a eu lieu à Paris en mars 2008. Z. Shavit prétend que, en dépit de la popularité de certains écrivains d'Israël en France, comme David Grossman, Amos Oz et AB Yehoshua, le principal intérêt du public et plus encore, des médias, est de nature politique et non pas littéraire.This paper treats the history of Israeli literature's reception in France from the creation of the state until nowadays. It is based on statistical studies of translations as well as reviews and critiques published in French journals during this period. The main literary event examined is the "Salon des livres" with Israeli literature as the guest of honor which took place in Paris on March 2008. Z. Shavit is claiming that in spite of the popularity of certain Israeli writers in France, such as David Grossman, Amos Oz and A. B. Yehoshua, the main interest of the public and even more so, of the media, is of a political nature and not of a literary one.המאמר עוסק בהתקבלותה של הספרות הישראלית בצרפת מהקמת המדינה ועד ימינו. הוא מתבסס על נתונים סטאטיסטיים ביחס לתרגומים ועל מאמרי ביקורת שפורסמו בעיתונות הצרפתית. האירוע המרכזי המנותח במאמר הוא יריד הספרים הבינלאומי שהיה בפריס בשנת 2008 ובו היתה הספרות הישראלית אורחת הכבוד. זהר שביט טוענת שלמרות האהדה הרבה בה זוכים סופרים ישראלים כמו דוד גרוסמן, עמוס עוז וא. ב. יהושע, העניין המרכזי שהם מעוררים הן במדיה והן בציבור הוא פוליטי בעיקרו.

  11. 78 FR 60188 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ...-035-AD; Amendment 39-17601; AD 2013-19-19] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT... amends Sec. 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): 2013-19-19 Eurocopter France...

  12. 78 FR 16200 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-14

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Eurocopter France (Eurocopter... information identified in this proposed AD, contact American Eurocopter Corporation, 2701 N. Forum Drive...

  13. 78 FR 33766 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-05

    ... Directives; Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT... adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): Eurocopter France (Eurocopter): Docket No. FAA... (AD) for Eurocopter Model SA-365N, SA-365N1, AS-365N2, AS 365 N3, EC 155B, EC155B1, AS332C, AS332L...

  14. 77 FR 58971 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed.... The FAA amends Sec. 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): Eurocopter France...

  15. 78 FR 44422 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ...-026-AD; Amendment 39-17519; AD 2013-15-03] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT... amends Sec. 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive (AD): 2013-15-03 Eurocopter France...

  16. 77 FR 5991 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ... the Eurocopter France (ECF) Model AS332L2 helicopter and superseding an AD for the Model EC225LP... 2010-SW-091-AD; Amendment 39-16914; AD 2012-01-03] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT...

  17. 78 FR 60681 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ...-090-AD; Amendment 39-17589; AD 2013-19-07] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter France (Eurocopter) Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: We...): 2013-19-07 Eurocopter France (Eurocopter): Amendment 39-17589; Docket No. FAA-2013-0480; Directorate...

  18. Introduction of two-way VSAT service in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agabriel, J. F.; Bernard, A.

    France Telecom is developing a two-way VSAT service for a potential market in Europe. To prepare for the introduction of this service, preliminary tests with Matra and Alcatel-Telspace have been initiated. The France-Telecom development strategy is described, and results of tests performed during 1988 are discussed.

  19. The Challenges Facing Catholic Education in France Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moog, François

    2016-01-01

    The effects of secularisation on society demand a rethinking of the identity and mission of Catholic schools in France. In 2013, the French bishops published a new directory which offers new approaches, described here, based on the three challenges facing Catholic education in France: linking social responsibility and evangelisation, setting up…

  20. Lambing results obtained with imported Ile de France rarn semen

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Two batches of lle de France ram semen frozen in 0,5 ml straws were imported from France during April 1929 and. September 198'1. Ewes were synchronized and artificial insemination was carried out either 54,5 h (fixed time single insemination) after sponge withdrawal, or with a doubre insemination, 12 h after the onset ...

  1. France: The Challenges of Renewal. Headline Series #282.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DePorte, A. W.

    France has responded well to the social, economic, and political challenges which began when that nation was defeated by Germany in 1940. Two major challenges have been to limit internal quarrels which reduce the nation's ability to handle current issues and to accept the fact that France is no longer the greatest power in Europe. Chapter 1…

  2. In Wake of Riots, France Refashions Priority Zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrie, Caroline

    2006-01-01

    This article deals with an initiative embarked upon by the government of France one year after widespread youth violence broke out in many disadvantaged communities in France. The initiative is aimed at adapting its 25-year-old "priority education" program to a landscape that has dramatically changed. The initiative is the centerpiece of…

  3. Membres du personnel de nationalité suisse domiciliés en France - French version only

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    Comme vous le savez, les autorités suisses ont rappelé au CERN que les membres du personnel du CERN, de nationalité suisse et domiciliés en France, étaient soumis à l'IFD sur les traitements versés par l'Organisation en 2001, 2002, 2003 et 2004. Des problèmes pratiques ayant surgi, l'Organisation a récemment repris contact avec l'Administration fiscale genevoise. Pour aider les personnes concernées, celle-ci a élaboré un Guide pratique concernant les «Fonctionnaires du CERN de nationalité suisse domiciliés en France», dont vous trouverez copie à l'adresse URL suivante: http://dsu.web.cern.ch/dsu/ls/docs/fonction-cern.pdf Contrairement aux informations que l'Organisation avait reçues auparavant, le Guide pratique de l'Administration fiscale genevoise stipule que les fonctionnaires du CERN ayant la double nationalité, suisse et française, et domiciliés...

  4. La figure du “jeune des banlieues” en France: Genèse, mutations et déterritorialisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Lochard

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available La “question urbaine” hante depuis très longtemps l’imaginaire collectif français et elle s’est condensée depuis près d’un siècle sur la figure du jeune déviant urbain. Cet article s’attache à mettre en évidence la genèse puis les transformations de ce personnage stéréotypique ainsi que la construction et les déplacements de grandes configurations actantielles qu’il contribue à structurer. Il souligne l’importante mutation intervenue depuis une trentaine d’années avec son ethnicisation. Puis, plus récemment, avec l’apparition de la figure du djihadiste qui est sujette à une forme de déterritorialisation, la menace liée à cette population juvénile pouvant désormais siéger dans des micro-espaces résidentiels des grandes agglomérations ou dans des bourgades provinciales. Faut-il conclure à une dilution de la “question des banlieues” en France? L’auteur reste interrogatif devant le surgissement de moments discursifs comme la récente “affaire Benzema”, relative à la non-sélection en équipe de France de football d’un joueur-vedette d’origine maghrébine.

  5. Sur le concept d’engagement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard S. Becker

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Le terme « engagement » connaît un succès grandissant dans les débats sociologiques. Dans ce texte, l’auteur examine les utilisations du concept d'engagement afin de comprendre les raisons de sa popularité grandissante, il signale la nature d'un des mécanismes sociaux auquel le terme se réfère implicitement, et développe une théorie embryonnaire des conditions et des processus sociaux impliqués dans le fonctionnement de ce mécanisme. Étant donné la variété sémantique du terme, il s'avère infructueux de spéculer sur son « véritable » sens. Une des images évoquées par « l'engagement » a été retenue pour en préciser la signification.On the Concept of CommitmentThe term "commitment" is experiencing a growing success in sociological debates. In this article, the author examines the uses of the concept of commitment in order to understand the reasons for its growing popularity. He also points out the nature of one of the social mechanisms to which the term implicitly refers, and he develops a preliminary theory of the social conditions and processes implied in the functioning of this mechanism. Given the semantic variety of the term, it proves useless to speculate on its “true” meaning. In order to clarify the meaning of the term, the author adopts one of the images evoked by “commitment”.Sobre el concepto de compromisoEl término “compromiso” goza de un éxito creciente en los debates sociológicos. En este texto el autor analiza las utilizaciones de este concepto con el fin de comprender las razones de esta creciente popularidad e indica la naturaleza de uno de los mecanismos sociales indicados por ese término, desarrollando seguidamente una teoría embrionaria de las condiciones y de los procesos sociales inherentes a este mecanismo. Teniendo en cuenta la variedad semántica del término es inútil especular acerca de su “verdadero” significado. Con el fin de precisar su significado, el autor

  6. perceptions paysannes sur la double riziculture et les variétés de riz ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Irrigation et intensification de la production agricole au Sahel : perceptions paysannes sur la double riziculture et les variétés de riz utilisées sur les aménagements hydro - agricoles au Niger.

  7. Influence de la rotation culturale, fertilisation et du labour sur l ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Influence de la rotation culturale, fertilisation et du labour sur l'infestation des racines de sorgho ( sorghum bicolor ) par le nématode Pratylenchus brachyurus et l'effet sur le rendement de la culture au Burkina Faso.

  8. Des vitraux par milliers… Bilan d’un inventaire : le recensement des vitraux anciens de la France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Gatouillat

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Le Recensement des vitraux anciens de la France sera bientôt achevé, conduit dans le cadre du ministère de la Culture depuis 1972 et intégré aux missions de l’Inventaire général depuis 1979. Cet inventaire méthodique et exhaustif est régulièrement publié dans des ouvrages conçus comme des instruments de travail qui visent à apporter au monde de la recherche une documentation précise, critique et présentée avec objectivité, sur toutes les œuvres de ce domaine patrimonial, sans hiérarchie. Ce recensement fait émerger une multiple et inépuisable matière à réflexion, qui alimente des problématiques communes à d’autres disciplines de l’histoire de l’art (usages techniques, questions de la commande artistique, de la diffusion des formes, etc.. Un retour sur la documentation accumulée et sur les travaux qui se sont ajoutés au fil de l’expérience permet d’apprécier l’évolution du champ scientifique que constitue le vitrail, qui a beaucoup gagné en participant d’une vision élargie.Soon will be completed the Recensement des vitraux anciens de la France, France’s general inventory of stained-glass windows from the Middle Ages to the end of the Ancien Régime, which has been carried out since 1972 under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture, in charge since 1979 of the Inventaire général. The results of this methodical and exhaustive inventory are published at regular intervals in works which are designed as tools for research, providing precise critical documentation covering all the works in this particular field of the national heritage, objectively and without hierarchical judgement. The survey work has drawn attention to stained–glass windows as an extremely rich and varied source, informing problematics shared by other disciplines in art history (technical usages, problems relating to artistic patronage, to the diffusion of forms, etc. An overview of the documentation accumulated over the years

  9. La fachada sur en clima mediterráneo

    OpenAIRE

    Soro Espín, Mikel

    2013-01-01

    Esta tesina investiga la fachada Sur del clima mediterráneo y los elementos constructivos flexibles que hacen que esta fachada tenga un correcto funcionamiento térmico durante los diferentes periodos climáticos del año. Concretamente, la tesina ha centrado la investigación en la fachada Sur de edificios residenciales plurifamiliares del clima Mediterráneo. Se ha definido la función térmica de la fachada, sus requerimientos térmicos en diferentes periodos del clima Mediterráneo ...

  10. Hacia una Psicología Social Comunitaria del Sur

    OpenAIRE

    German Rozas

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo tiene como objetivo proponer algunos caminos hacia un ámbito que hemos llamado simbólicamente una “Psicología Social Comunitaria del Sur”, es decir una disciplina que deje atrás los planteamientos venidos desde los países desarrollados, dado que alojan principalmente una mirada eurocéntrica. La referencia del Sur, es una propuesta metafórica, que no tiene un asidero geográfico, sino que apela a un otro, los del Sur, que significan la relación entre países de una manera diferente...

  11. L'IMPACT DES DEPENSES D'INFRASTRUCTURES SUR LA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    l'économétrie, dans l'analyse de l'impact des dépenses d'infras- tructures sur la croissance économique, nous a donné des résul- tats qui ne sont pas concluants faisant du réseau téléphonique le seul facteur ayant un impact positif sur la croissance à long terme de l'économie algérienne Zakane (2004). Ceci nous a.

  12. Commission des Nations Unies sur les produits indispensables aux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Étude des soins de santé primaires dispensés dans les pays du cône Sud. Les pays membres du Réseau de recherche sur les systèmes et services de santé dans les pays du cône Sud (Red de Investigación en Sistemas y Servicios de Salud en el Cono Sur) ont des systèmes de... Voir davantageÉtude des soins de santé ...

  13. FRANCE at CERN - Visit of Firms

    CERN Multimedia

    C. Laignel

    2007-01-01

    From 4 to 5 June 2007 Administration Building Bldg 61 - 1st floor - Room B 09.00 - 17.30 Eighteen companies will present their latest technology at the 'France at CERN' exhibition. French industry will exhibit products and technologies which are related to the field of particle physics. Individual interviews will take place in technicians' offices. The firms will contact relevant users/technicians but any user wishing to make contact with a particular firm is welcome to use the contact details which are available from each department secretariat or from the Purchasing web pages at the following URL http://fi-dep.web.cern.ch/fi-dep/structure/memberstates/exhibitions_visits.htm The main subjects are: mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronics, data processing, various supplies and civil engineering and buildings. The exhibition is organised by UBIFRANCE, the French Committee for Trade Events Abroad. The list of exhibitors is given below. LIST OF EXHIBITORS: 40-30 ACC LA JONCHERE ...

  14. FRANCE AT CERN - VISIT OF FIRMS

    CERN Multimedia

    C. Laignel / FI-DI

    2007-01-01

    From 4 to 5 June 2007 Administration Building Bldg 61 - 1st floor - Room B 09.00 - 17.30 Seventeen companies will present their latest technology at the 'France at CERN' exhibition. French industry will exhibit products and technologies which are related to the field of particle physics. Individual interviews will take place in technicians' offices. The firms will contact relevant users/technicians but any user wishing to make contact with a particular firm is welcome to use the contact details which are available from each departmental secretariat or from the Purchasing web pages at the following URL http://fi-dep.web.cern.ch/fi-dep/structure/memberstates/exhibitions_visits.htm The main subjects are: mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronics, data processing, various supplies and civil engineering and buildings. The exhibition is organised by UBIFRANCE, the French Committee for Trade Events Abroad. You will find below the list of exhibitors. LIST OF EXHIBITORS: 40-30 ACC LA JONCHE...

  15. Homelessness in France: Labour market implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arup Mitra

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses homelessness in France with regard to three major mutually interacting sets of factors: labour-market strains, illegal migration and institutional inadequacy. Macroeconomic challenges have resulted in the loss of jobs and subsequent labour-market hardships, and these have tended to affect those without adequate skills. As a result, labour-market problems together with a lack of social capital and adequate housing at affordable prices, accompanied by insufficient institutional support, has resulted in increased homelessness. All of this indicates that there should be active government intervention in the housing market in order to create space for the relatively weaker section of the population in the growth process, which is often unequal. Another important issue is how to create jobs with positive growth in real wages because, without adequate purchasing power, simply providing housing would mean transferring poverty from one space to another.

  16. France at CERN – Industrial exhibition

    CERN Multimedia

    FP Department

    2012-01-01

    Industrial Exhibition Administration Building Bldg 61 – 1st Floor Tuesday 27 March: 9 a.m. – 5.30 p.m. Wednesday 28 March: 9 a.m. – 2 p.m.   About thirty French companies are presenting their latest technological advances during the industrial exhibition "France at CERN", featuring products and technologies specifically related to CERN activities. Individual B2B meetings can be organized with the sales and technical representatives of participating firms and will take place at either the companies’ exhibition stands or in conference rooms in the Main Building. Individuals wishing to make contact with one or more companies must use the contact details available from each secretariat of department or by using this link. B2B meetings will be coordinated by UBIFRANCE. You will also find the list of exhibiting and participating companies online here. This event is sponsored by the French subsidiary of RS Components, the most important distri...

  17. [Conditions of induced abortion in France].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassoun, D

    1997-12-01

    In France, each woman will have an average of one unintended pregnancy in her life and she'll decide to abort once out of two. 21 years after the vote of the law which authorized the abortion, according to certains conditions, the abortion rate decreases slightly. The socioeconomics characteristics of women requesting an abortion are very similar to those found in 1976. The medical and psychological complications are very low. The law is applied except that some difficulties persist: to recruit professionals becomes more difficult, inadequate solutions of public hospitals, inappropriate and not always comprehensive towards the clients, no possibility to choose the methods. The law is limited for the minors, the foreigners and the pregnancies up to 10 weeks which increases the social inegalities. It is a major public health concern to make abortion as safe as possible because it gives accessibility to choose freely motherhood which is the best way for safe pregnancy, birth and parent and child relationship.

  18. The Tour de France: a physiological review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucia, Alejandro; Earnest, Conrad; Arribas, Carlos

    2003-10-01

    On 5 July 2003, the Tour de France (TDF) has celebrated 100th running. Instead of a chimney sweep competing during his free time (as in 1903), the recent winner is a highly trained, professional cyclist whose entire life-style has been dedicated to reach his pinnacle during this event. The TDF has been held successfully for 100 years, but the application of the physiologic sciences to the sport is a relatively recent phenomenon. Although some historical reports help to understand the unique physiological characteristics of this race, scientific studies were not available in Sports Science/Applied Physiology journals until the 1990s. The aim of this article is to review the history of the TDF. Special emphasis is placed on the last decade where classic physiology has been integrated into applied scientific cycling data.

  19. Comparing Exceptionalism in France and the USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Devienne

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article challenges the current scholarship on the history of the death penalty and its abolition by adopting a transatlantic framework and debunking the popular contemporary conception of the “Barbaric Americans” against the “civilised” anti-death penalty French. The article focuses on the short period in the 1970s during which American executions were halted by the Supreme Court, while France was still putting prisoners to death in cases that were widely debated in public opinion. By observing the French media’s reactions to the two major decisions taken by the Supreme Court in the 1970s and their direct consequences, this essay analyzes not only the French gaze on American practices but also how these American decisions were manipulated by the journalists to stoke the French debate about abolition.

  20. Charbonnages de France group. Annual report 99; Groupe Charbonnages de France. Rapport annuel 99

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This 1999 annual report of the French national collieries 'Charbonnages de France' (CDF) presents the turnover and financial data of the group, the situation of coal mining in France, the management of manpower, the rehabilitation of abandoned mine and plant sites, the impact of power market deregulation on the activities of the coal-fired power plants and cogeneration units of the national society of electric and thermal power (SNET) and of the SIDEC company, and the management of the real estate patrimony of the group in mining regions. Some conference texts written by engineers of the group are added at the end of the document and present the competences of CDF in environmental engineering (valorization of coal fly ash, cleansing of polluted sites, phyto-remediation) and development of biomass energy. (J.S.)

  1. Overview of manure treatment in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loyon, L

    2017-03-01

    Manure treatment becomes a focal issue in relation to current EU and national policies on environmental, climate and renewable energy matters. The objective of this desk study was to collect all available data on the treatment of manure from cattle, pig and poultry farms for an overview of manure treatment in France. Specific surveys in 2008 showed that 12% of pig farms, 11% of poultry farms and 7.5% of cattle farms was concerned by manure treatment. Taken together, the treatment of pig, poultry and cattle manure accounted for 13.6milliontons corresponding to 11.3% of the total annual tonnage (120milliontons). The main processes, mostly applied on the farm, were composting (8.5milliontons), aerobic treatment (2.9milliontons of pig slurry) and anaerobic digestion (1milliontons). Other manure treatments, including physical-chemical treatment, were less frequent (0.4million of m(3)). Treated manure was mainly used to fertilize the soil and crops on the farm concerned. Manure treatment can thus be considered to be underused in France. However, anaerobic digestion is expected to expand to reach the European target of 20% of energy from renewable sources. Nevertheless, this expansion will depend on overcoming the constraint requiring registration or normalization of the use of the digestate as fertilizer. Thus, to avoid penalizing farmers, the further development or creation of collective processing platforms is recommended, combined with an N recovery process that will enable the production of organic amendments and fertilizers in an easy marketable form. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Les relations éditoriales entre la France et l’Espagne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillaume Juin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Le secteur éditorial espagnol a subi depuis 2007 de nombreux changements qui induiront ou non une transformation structurelle de son industrie éditoriale. Secteur très hétérogène, la crise économique en Espagne n’est pas le seul phénomène qui l’a touché : les évolutions numériques ont aussi considérablement influencé le secteur du livre depuis plusieurs années. Elles ont provoqué un changement de comportement chez les usagers, de nouvelles attentes, de nouvelles pratiques culturelles du consommateur. La structuration du secteur en Espagne, tout comme l’étendue du marché hispanophone, permet toutefois d’éviter la faillite du système qui continue de bénéficier d’une régulation forte et de l’assise d’acteurs privés et publics soucieux et conscients de l’importance du livre dans la société. C’est dans ce cadre que se situe la relation éditoriale entre la France et l’Espagne, qui se base sur une confiance et connaissance mutuelle profonde tout en bénéficiant d’appuis publics et institutionnels historiques.

  3. A survey of renewable energies in France; Panorama des energies renouvelables en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bal, J.L. [Syndicat des energies renouvelables, 75 - Paris (France)

    2011-05-15

    One of the goals set by the Grenelle agreement was to reach a ratio of 23% for the part of renewable energies in the final energies consumed in France by 2020. In 2005 this ratio was 10 per cent. In this article the situation in 2010 for wind energy, solar energy, biomass, wood heating and geothermal energy are reported. It appears that the results are promising but the reduction of fiscal incentives might jeopardize the objective for 2020. (A.C.)

  4. Return of vitrified residues from France to Japan; Retour de France au Japon des residus vitrifies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    For more than 15 years now, COGEMA facilities in La Hague have received, stored and reprocessed spent fuel from France, Japan and other countries: Germany, Switzerland, Belgium and the Netherlands. According to contracts, COGEMA ensures the reprocessing service, consisting in separating the recyclable products (uranium and plutonium) from the wastes which are then duly conditioned and returned to their owners for final disposal. The transportation aspects of returning the reprocessed residues to Japan is presented. (K.A.)

  5. Renewable energies. France wakes up; Energies renouvelables. La France se reveille

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lepetit, V

    2007-02-15

    Boosted by incentive measures and by the collective awareness about climatic change, the renewable energy sources are developing over the French territory. This segment, in deficit in the past is finally becoming profitable thanks to important subsidies. Wind power and solar energy represent the main potentialities in France, in particular the photovoltaic projects in the residential sector. However, todays the offer cannot follow the demand. (J.S.)

  6. The renewable energies in France 1970-2005; Les energies renouvelables en France 1970-2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-06-15

    This document provides statistical data on the renewable energies situation in France (metropolitan and overseas department) from 1970 to 2005. It concerns 1- the electric power production from renewable energies as the hydroelectric power, wind power, photovoltaic, geothermal energy and biomass and 2- the thermal power production from renewable energies as the wood energy, domestic wastes, heat pumps, geothermal energy, crops residues, biogas, thermal solar and biofuels. (A.L.B.)

  7. Environmental evaluation and wind energy in France; Evaluation environnementale et energie eolienne en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Degryse, M.C. [Gouvernement de France, Paris (France). Direction generale de l' energie et du Climat, Ministere de l' ecologie, de l' energie, du developpement durable et de l' amenagement du territoire

    2009-04-15

    The development of renewable energy, particularly wind energy, began in France nearly 30 years ago to conserve fossil fuels and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The development of wind turbines was governed by administrative laws and environmental impact studies of ecosystems, fauna, flora and natural habitats, as well as physical layouts and human activities. The environmental impact studies involved site characterization as well as the direct and indirect impact on the environment in the short- and long-term. These procedures proved essential in the decision making process for environmental planning and for local development. The French Ministry of ecology, energy and sustainable development established guidelines in 2005 to ensure proper development. In November 2008, France established an environmental policy that stipulates that 23 per cent of the energy consumed in 2020 will be derived from renewable energy sources, and that the total onshore and offshore capacity will be 25,000 MW. At the end of 2008, France's installed wind power capacity was 3,095 MW. This plan of action focuses on environmental quality. Each development will have to consider the landscape, air quality, water quality and biodiversity. France's renewable energy plan stipulates the use of wind turbines to avoid over-development of the area, and to prevent damage to landscape and the quality of life for residents. The impact of offshore wind power development is currently being analyzed in an effort to promote the development of sustainable maritime activities for the environment. 4 refs., 1 tab., 3 figs.

  8. Hydro energy at Electricite De France; L'energie hydraulique a Electricite De France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-08-01

    Hopeful the hydroelectric power, the France holds the first place of the renewable energies producers at the European Union. This document presents measures taken by EDF to reach this quality level and conciliate the hydroelectricity production with other uses of water. In this framework, the first part presents the operating advantages and the social impact of the hydroelectricity, the second part deals with the water management and the last part deals with the safety downstream from the dam. (A.L.B.)

  9. Return of vitrified wastes from France to Japan; Retour des residus vitrifies de France au Japon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The radioactive wastes resulting from the burnup of nuclear fuels in nuclear reactors represent 3 to 5% of the spent fuel. These wastes cannot be reused nor recycled and thus are vitrified after reprocessing. Japanese power companies have signed contracts with Cogema in France and BNFL in the UK for the reprocessing of their spent fuels. Then, the ultimate reprocessed wastes are sent back to Japan for storage. This information dossier takes stock of different questions relative to the transport of the vitrified wastes from France to Japan: why France sends back containers of vitrified wastes to Japan? What is a vitrified wastes container made of? How containers are transported? What is the regulatory frame applicable to these transports? Which safety measures are taken during transport? Which physical protection is applied? Which temporary storage facilities are used before and after transportation? How is performed the ultimate storage of wastes in Japan? Which quality and safety warranties are taken? Which emergency plans and exercises are provided? What are the applicable civil liability regimes? And what kind of information is given to the public about these transports. Some general information about energy and nuclear power worldwide, energy and environment, radioactivity, BNFL, Cogema and ORC is given in appendixes. (J.S.)

  10. Gaz de France 2006 sustainable development report; Gaz de France 2006 rapport developpement durable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    A major European energy utility, the Gaz de France Group produces, purchases, transports, distributes and sells natural gas, electricity and related services for its residential, corporate and local government customers. this report presents the actions implemented by the group to incorporate sustainable development into its strategy. From the point of view of risks and opportunities, the group analyzes what it takes to ensure development that respects people and the environment, and it implements them in all its business lines and management systems. Content: Gaz de France, portrait of a major energy utility, highlights of 2006, challenges and strategy (defining strategy and sustainable development policy, specific risks and opportunities, activities of the Gaz de France group: challenges, impact for stakeholders, transparency and independence in governing), ranking and implementing (defining sustainable development policy: reviewing priorities, meeting all the challenges, publicizing and defending positions, increasing awareness, overseeing and monitoring results), results of the 2004-2006 sustainable development action plan, dialogue and action with stakeholders, performance assessment, performance in response to challenges: energy challenges (guaranteeing regular supplies, controlling atmospheric emissions, promoting energy conservation, developing renewable energy), industrial challenges (ensuring health and safety, limiting the overall environmental impact of group activities), social responsibility challenges (advocating corporate social responsibility, promoting human rights and fighting corruption, encouraging commitment to solidarity, promoting regional development through local initiatives, reconciling acquisitions, procurement and sustainable development, ensuring transparency in natural gas rates, providing shareholders with quality information, promoting diversity, a source of enrichment, making working conditions a performance factor), indicators and

  11. Renewable energies: France does well; Energies renouvelables: la France fait ses preuves

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chesnais, L

    2006-08-15

    In France, renewable energy resources can rely on important governmental development programs. 17 million petroleum equivalent tonnes (Mtep) were produced in 2005 which puts France in the top European countries for the use of renewable energies. Hydro-electricity can still progress in French overseas territories where there are potentialities for big and small units, an increase in the production capacity ranging from 200 and 1000 MW is expected by january 2007. Wind energy keeps on developing. On the first january 2006, 132 wind farms were operating totaling a power output of 737 MW. Numerous projects are under construction, an increase of the wind energy capacity ranging between 2000 MW and 6000 MW is expected by 2007. In France the contribution of biomass to the mix of renewable energies is the most important: 12.2 Mtep (in 2004) and it can be broken up into: 9.2 Mtep for wood, 2.6 Mtep for energy recovery from wastes and 0.4 Mtep for bio-fuels. (A.C.)

  12. Finding the SurPriSe: A Case Study of a Faculty Learning Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Roberta M.

    2014-01-01

    This article details a faculty learning community (FLC) that started in 2009 on the campus of a Midwestern University and has evolved into an interdisciplinary research, teaching and social community of practice and learning called SurPriSe. SurPriSe is an acronym that reflects the interest area of the FLC; Sur for surveillance, Pri for privacy,…

  13. Remesas internacionales sur-sur y norte-sur en Paraguay: patrones sociodemográficos, destino de los fondos y medios de circulación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Sebastián Gómez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El análisis de las remesas internacionales en los países receptores es un tema ampliamente debatido en la literatura especializada. Sin embargo, en las diferentes perspectivas analíticas y metodológicas no hay consenso sobre la dirección, magnitud e implicancias de estos procesos. Este artículo examina evidencia empírica con base en microdatos de la Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de Paraguay. En primer lugar, se analizan de manera comparativa los patrones sociodemográficos de los hogares receptores del sur y del norte, y de los no perceptores. En segundo lugar, se detallan los mecanismos de circulación y usos de las remesas internacionales en los diferentes circuitos migratorios. Los resultados obtenidos destacan las especificidades de los macrosistemas migratorios vinculados al sur y al norte globales.

  14. LA GESTION ASSOCIATIVE DE LA PÊCHE EN FRANCE : UNE ANALYSE ÉCONOMIQUE À PARTIR DU CAS DES SALMONIDÉS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LE GOFFE P.

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available L’analyse économique et l’examen des quelques données empiriques disponibles en France incitent à se demander si la gestion associative permet de tirer suffisamment de bien-être de la pêche de loisir en eau douce. Notre analyse s’appuie sur le cas des salmonidés. D’une part, l’effort de pêche est probablement trop important sur les bons parcours faciles d’accès, ce qui peut entraîner des pertes de bien-être dues à la congestion. D’autre part, les propriétaires riverains ne sont pas suffisamment incités à améliorer la qualité de l’environnement, alors que les pêcheurs ont un consentement à payer pour des améliorations. Ces inefficacités s’expliquent par la conjonction de trois phénomènes. Tout d’abord, les droits de propriété, privés, sont atténués par des dispositions législatives. Ensuite, les associations ne contrôlent pas suffisamment l’effort de pêche individuel et collectif. Finalement, les politiques halieutiques sont centrées sur la protection de la ressource et sont, bien que nécessaires, insuffisantes pour maximiser la rente sociale tirée de la pêche. La régulation de l’effort de pêche et la négociation de certains services environnementaux sur la base du principe bénéficiaire-payeur permettraient d’améliorer le bien-être collectif. Des tarifs sociaux permettraient de maintenir l’équité dans l’accès.

  15. Les Arméniens communistes en France, une histoire oubliée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astrig Atamian

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Si le nom de Manouchian, immortalisé par l’Affiche rouge, résonne bien au delà de la communauté arménienne, rares sont ceux parmi les Arméniens à connaître son parcours et celui de ses camarades dans la France de l’entre-deux-guerres. Dans un ouvrage récent sur les Arméniens de Vienne (dans l’Isère, Anahide Ter Minassian affirme que « dans le milieu ouvrier viennois […], les communistes arméniens ont été influents avant, pendant, et après la Seconde Guerre mondiale »1. Comment expliquer alors que parmi les travaux sur les Arméniens en France, aucun ne s’appesantit sur eux ? Il semblerait en effet que la communauté arménienne ait souvent été envisagée comme un tout homogène ne portant pas de dissensions politiques ou sociales. Les Arméniens eux-mêmes, soucieux de ne pas raviver les querelles d’hier, et cherchant à offrir un interlocuteur unique aux élus de la République, ont cédé au « mythe de l’unité ». Mais ne serait-on pas tenté de voir, dans cet oubli du rôle des communistes, le sort réservé au groupe des « vaincus », eux qui pendant des décennies s’étaient montrés hostiles à l’idée d’une Arménie indépendante ?Si bien el nombre de Manouchian, inmortalizado por «el Afiche Rojo», resuena bastante mas allá que en la sola comunidad de los armenios, son escasos en cambio los armenios que conocen su trayectoria así como la de sus camaradas en la Francia del periodo situado entre las dos guerras mundiales. En un texto reciente sobre los armenios de Viena (Isère-Francia, Anahide Ter Minassian afirma que «en los medios obreros de Viena […] los comunistas armenios fueron influyentes, antes, durante y después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial». Entonces, ¿cómo explicar que entre los trabajos sobre los armenios de Francia nadie lo mencione? La comunidad armenia parece haber sido considerada como un todo homogéneo en el que no hay lugar para disenciones políticas o

  16. Social norms for population displacements caused by large dams France, 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armelle Faure

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available With the passage of time and insights from a number of historical studies it is now possible to take a look back at the way rural populations in France were displaced for the construction of large dams during and after the Second World War. Today, international standards relating to the social implications of dam development projects are imposed on dam builders by both governments and financing institutions. However, in the absence of these international social standards, how did population displacements take place in the past? This paper provides a retrospective look in the light of the current "protection policies" developed by the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. Retrospective case studies are based on research conducted in the Alps by Virginie Bodon on Tignes and Serre-Ponçon for her doctoral thesis in history (1999 and on the book by D. Varaschin on Tignes. The author uses her own studies on the impact of the large dams of the Upper Dordogne, based on research conducted in departmental and municipal archives and on interviews with those who witnessed the implementation of displacement policies and with their children (1998-2005. The author draws on her experience as an anthropologist for the World Bank to analyse the ways in which these displacements were actually carried out. The forced displacements, euphemistically referred to as "involuntary resettlement" in discourses on development, took on increasing notoriety with the international energy crisis. The dams gave rise to an international debate on their social and environmental impacts, a debate continued by the World Commission on Dams. Today, when financing has again become available for the construction of new dams throughout the world, it seems opportune to provide some insights into the social implications of large dam development projects based on the experience of France, a country that has been, in many respects, one of the most innovative in the implementation of

  17. Violenze e incendi nella realtà italiana e francese / Violence and arson in Italy and France / Violence et incendies en Italie et en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raffaella Sette

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyze the difference between two European realities (Italy and France concerning fire related damage.In particular, we will focus on the Italian criminal organizations of today which acquire their wealth in an illicit way by blackmailing the owners of commercial activities and which, if the latter refuse to pay, inflict severe punishments on the shopkeeper or the entrepeneur, for example systematic destruction, even with fire, of the store or the industrial plant. On this subject, we will analyze the fundamental role played by the victims.Violence and destruction also characterize the riots in the French suburbs, particularly in the autumn 2005. On this subject, thanks to the various points of view, the article is a reflection of why “ordinary” young people of the “inner cities” have taken part in these events.Cet article a pour objectif d'analyser la différence entre deux contextes européens (l'Italie et la France en ce qui concerne le choix du feu dans le but de provoquer des dégâts.Il prend tout particulièrement en considération les organisations criminelles italiennes actuelles qui arrivent à acquérir des richesses de façon illicite en faisant du chantage aux patrons des activités productives et qui, si ces derniers refusent de payer, punissent sévèrement le commerçant ou l'entrepeneur, en détruisant systématiquement par le feu le magasin ou l'établissement industriel. À ce propos, l'article analysera le rôle fondamental joué par les victimes.Violence et destruction caractérisent aussi les émeutes dans les banlieues françaises, comme en automne 2005. À ce sujet, partant de différents points de vue, l'article propose une réflexion sur ce qui a poussé des jeunes "ordinaires" des banlieues dites "sensibles" à y participer.

  18. Mining activities and arsenic in a Baja California Sur watershed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alejandro Naranjo-Pulido; Alfredo Ortega-Rubio; Baudillo Acost-Vargas; Lia Rodriguez-Mendez; Marcos Acevedo-Beltran; Cerafina Arguelles-Mendez

    2000-01-01

    Mining is one of the most important sources of income for the Baja California Sur state. This state is the second most important area for mineral (gold, silver, copper) and non-mineral (salt) mining activities in the Mexican Republic. In the San Antonio-El Triunfo region, mineral-mining activities flourished during the 19th century. Tons of debris containing a high...

  19. Ouvrage collectif sur l'Inde et le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Alors que les investissements pour l'accès public aux TIC augmentent, des questions surgissent concernant l'impact sur le plan social et économique de ce ...... This research project will strengthen health systems research capacity through training and research for staff at the Instituto Nacional de Saude (INS) and the ...

  20. Connaissances et attitudes des manipulateurs radio du Togo sur l ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectif : Evaluer les connaissances et les attitudes des manipulateurs togolais sur l'irradiation médicale des grossesses. Matériels et Méthode : Etude transversale menée en Avril 2011 chez 72 manipulateurs de radiologie des structures sanitaires publiques et privées du Togo. Résultats : Le quart des manipulateurs ...

  1. IMPACT DU SECTEUR FINANCIER SUR L'ACTIVITE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    affectation des ressources. L'objet de notre étude est d'évaluer les implications de la politique financière sur la production, la distribution des revenus, l'épargne et l'investissement. Il s'agit précisément de quantifier l'impact de l'activité des banques ...

  2. Programme de bourses de recherche sur le changement climatique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Au cours de la phase I (projet no 104391) du Programme de bourses de recherche sur le changement climatique en Afrique (ACCFP), 16 bourses dans le domaine des politiques, 13 dans celui de la recherche doctorale, 13 dans celui de la recherche postdoctorale et 3 dans celui de l'enseignement ont été octroyées à 45 ...

  3. lNTERACTION GENOTYPE-ENVIRONNEMENT SUR LES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    IDSA109 et Petomech ont montré d'assez bonnes performances, surtout au niveau du rendement, sur l'ensemble des milieux d'étude. Mots clés : Héritabilité, interaction génotype x environnement, rendement, tomate, Lycopersicon esculentum MilL, Côte d'lvoire. ABSTRACT. GENOTYPE—ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION ...

  4. Coastal management at Ojo de Liebre, Baja California Sur

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frederico Salinas-Zavala; Alfredo Ortega-Rubio; Diego Valez-Zamudio; Aradit. Castelanos-Vera

    2000-01-01

    We analyzed the biotic, abiotic, and human components interacting at the coastal zone of the Ojo de Liebre Lagoon, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Using geographic information systems, satellite images, and the main biological, physical, and socioeconomic components, we developed an environmental characterization of the zone. According with the natural features of the...

  5. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B Sur- face antigen among apparently ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-01-08

    Jan 8, 2012 ... Seroprevalence of hepatitis B Sur- face antigen among apparently healthy primary school pupils in. Batagarawa Local Government area of Katsina State, Nigeria. Accepted: 2017. Habibu B. Department of Paediatrics,. General Hospital Katsina, Nigeria. Email: as.sheik@yahoo.com. Belonwu R, Ibrahim M.

  6. Perceptions paysannes et impacts des changements climatiques sur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Perceptions paysannes et impacts des changements climatiques sur la production et la diversité variétale de l'igname dans la zone aride du nord-ouest du Bénin. ... cultivars tolérants, sécheresse, stratégies d'adaptation, variabilité climatique.

  7. Analyse des politiques sur la grippe aviaire | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'objectif du projet est de mieux comprendre le processus d'élaboration de politiques nationales concernant deux questions importantes : la vaccination de la volaille et les médicaments antiviraux pour les humains. Les chercheurs se pencheront sur le contenu, le contexte et les processus liés aux politiques relatives aux ...

  8. Synopsis des données biologiques sur Garra rufa

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jarvis, Peter L

    2011-01-01

    Pour comprendre l'écologie d'une espèce, il faut effectuer une synthèse de sa biologie. Le présent document résume l'information sur Gara rufa, un petit poisson de la famille des carpes et des...

  9. Synoposis des données biologiques sur Garra rufa

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jarvis, Peter L; Jarvis, Peter Lloyd

    2011-01-01

    Pour comprendre l'écologie d'une espèce, if faut effectuer une synthèse de sa biologie. Le présent document résume l'information sur Garra rufa, un petit poisson de la famille des carpes et des...

  10. Initiative de recherche internationale sur l'adaptation aux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    C'est ce manque de connaissances que l'Initiative de recherche internationale sur l'adaptation aux changements climatiques (IRIACC) vise à combler en ... urgent relié aux changements climatiques et s'efforcent de trouver des solutions et des stratégies qui aideront les collectivités à composer avec la variabilité du climat.

  11. Recherche sur l'adaptation aux changements climatiques

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Corey Piccioni

    adaptation aux changements climatiques. Le CRDI est un bailleur de fonds essentiel et un pionnier de la recherche sur l'adaptation aux changements clima- tiques dans les pays en développement. Le Centre a géré un budget de programmes ...

  12. Partage de connaissances sur l'adaptation aux changements ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    africains ou personnes basées en Afrique ; l'appui à neuf petits projets innovants de communication et de partage des connaissances ; et la création de JotoAfrica, une note sur la recherche et les pratiques d'adaptation à l'intention des ...

  13. Conférence sur l'efficacité

    CERN Document Server

    Jullien, François

    2005-01-01

    Philosophe et sinologue, François Jullien présente ici une conférence qu'il a prononcée auprès de chefs d'entreprise et dans le milieu du management. D'un côté, la conception européenne de l'efficacité est liée à la modélisation comme à la finalité et revendique l'action jusqu'à l'héroïsme ; de l'autre, la pensée chinoise de l'efficience, indirecte et discrète, s'appuie sur le potentiel de situation et induit des " transformations silencieuses ", sans éclat ni même événement. Par-delà cet écart, il s'agira d'interroger la nature de l'effectivité ; ou comment l'intervention humaine réussit à se brancher sur la propension des choses et s'y laisse intégrer. Ce propos se garde donc de séparer tant soit peu l'art d'opérer sur des situations et l'exercice de la philosophie ; en résultent des effets de lecture portant sur l'histoire du XXe siècle ainsi que la géopolitique - et géoéthique - à venir.

  14. Recompositions et résistances de la masculinité et de la féminité, de la paternité et de la maternité à l’épreuve du congé parental pris par les hommes en France Recombinations and Resistances of Masculinity and Feminity, of Paternity and Maternity in the Case of Fathers’ Parental Leave in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Trellu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available En France, rares sont les pères qui prennent un congé parental d’éducation ; cet article porte sur ces hommes très peu nombreux au plan statistique. Nous nous demandons dans quelle mesure l’expérience du père au foyer permet de construire une paternité et une maternité singulières ? Cette contribution se base sur une recherche empirique menée auprès de pères en congé parental et de leur conjointe. Tout d’abord, il convient de décrire le profil de ces couples qui sont atypiques par rapport aux autres couples avec enfants. Notre réflexion porte ensuite sur la dimension créatrice ou le caractère novateur des pratiques parentales des pères rencontrés et, au-delà, sur les recompositions des rôles parentaux engagées à cette occasion. De nouvelles pratiques se mettent en place, des renégociations apparaissent et contribuent à une redéfinition des identités masculines et féminines.In France, rare are the fathers who take a parental leave. This article relates to these very few men. We wonder to which extent their experience makes it possible to build up a singular paternity and maternity ? This empirical survey is based on 27 interviews of some of these men together with their partners. First of all, we look at the profile of these atypical couples. We then focus on the creative dimension of the parental practices of the fathers interviewed, and beyond on the reshaping of the parental roles. New practices are set up ; renegotiations appear and contribute to a redefinition of the male and female identities.

  15. Iván López Cabello et Yves Roullière (éd.), José Bergamín et la France. Actes de la journée d’étude réalisée à Nanterre le 23 mai 2008. Suivi de Entretiens avec un fantôme. Les confidences de l’écrivain espagnol José Bergamín recueillies par André Camp

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel A. Olmos

    2012-01-01

    Cet ouvrage (n° 16 de la collection « Regards » du Centre de Recherches Ibériques et Ibéroaméricaines de l’Université Paris Ouest, dirigée par Marie-Claude Chaput) présente un travail rigoureux et très soigné portant sur la présence en France de l’espagnol José Bergamín (1895-1983) et sur la présence de la France dans son œuvre, ample, diverse et toujours surprenante. Écrivain francophile difficile à classifier, Bergamín est l’auteur d’essais à thématique disparate, de la tauromachie au théâ....

  16. Iván López Cabello et Yves Roullière (éd.), José Bergamín et la France. Actes de la journée d’étude réalisée à Nanterre le 23 mai 2008. Suivi de Entretiens avec un fantôme. Les confidences de l’écrivain espa

    OpenAIRE

    A. Olmos, Miguel

    2012-01-01

    Cet ouvrage (n° 16 de la collection « Regards » du Centre de Recherches Ibériques et Ibéroaméricaines de l’Université Paris Ouest, dirigée par Marie-Claude Chaput) présente un travail rigoureux et très soigné portant sur la présence en France de l’espagnol José Bergamín (1895-1983) et sur la présence de la France dans son œuvre, ample, diverse et toujours surprenante. Écrivain francophile difficile à classifier, Bergamín est l’auteur d’essais à thématique disparate, de la tauromachie au théât...

  17. Proceedings of the International Congress/Actes du 6eme Congres International (6th) Held in Nice, France on 5-9 July 1993: Noise as a Public Health Problem. Volume 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-09

    et les restaurants scolaires. 2 En France, A la fin de l’ann~e 1992, le Parlement a vot6 une loi sur la protection contre le bruit avec un objectif...qui necst pas Ie cas quand Ia sustentation magndtique est utilisde). Pour des conditions rouc/rail parfaites, l’analyse exposde semble inaddquate : A...I’audition est tits importante. ILe traitement des dommages n’etait pas vraiment addquat puisqu’on ne sait pas rdparer les cellules cilidcs ni restaurer un

  18. La justice pénale des mineurs en France ou l'émergence d'un nouveau modèle de gestion des illégalismes

    OpenAIRE

    Bailleau, Francis

    2002-01-01

    International audience; Après une analyse généalogique précisant les conditions dans lesquelles la justice pénale des mineurs a vu le jour en France et situant ses évolutions récentes, il nous fallait également, d'un point de vue sociologique, comprendre les conditions dans lesquelles elle opère aujourd'hui et rappeler les raisons pour lesquelles elle est remise en cause afin de saisir les lignes de force autour desquelles cette justice pénale des mineurs tente de s'adapter en s'appuyant sur ...

  19. Reassessing gallo as a regional language in France

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nolan, John Shaun

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses the applicability of language emancipation to the regional languages of France and shows that, from a historical and contemporary perspective, it is very relevant for these languages. In particular, Gallo, Eastern Brittany's O... roots illustration of many of the issues addressed through the concept of language emancipation. However, the historical and contemporary entrenchment of a monolingual and centralist language ideology which is vehemently opposed to pluralist language ideology in France means that, if language...... in general. Only a "language attitudes shift" can create the conditions for genuine language emancipation in France....

  20. CARACTERIZACIÓN DEL CONSUMO DE HORTALIZAS EN LAS FAMILIAS DEL SUR-SUR DE COSTA RICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis Villalobos-Monge

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar los diferentes aspectos cuantitativos y cualitativos que explican la cultura de consumo actual de hortalizas en las familias residentes en la zona sur-sur de Costa Rica. Este trabajo expone resultados relacionados a la caracterización realizada en el 2011 en familias residentes en la denominada zona sur-sur de Costa Rica sobre la cultura de consumo de productos hortícolas. Se aplicaron cuestionarios a una muestra estratificada de familias; lo que permitió establecer la valoración de los precios de mercado, por parte de las familias, para consumir estos alimentos, donde se determinó un valor máximo de US$1,74 millones por semana. Los principales rubros de consumo de acuerdo al valor pagado fueron el tomate, la papa, el plátano, la cebolla y el brócoli, para citar los cinco principales. También fue posible establecer valoraciones cualitativas sobre el consumo de estos productos; por ejemplo se determinó que para el 71,2% de las familias, la frescura representa la característica de mayor valor, además, el principal sitio donde los núcleos familiares realizan las compras de estos alimentos corresponde a supermercados (38,4% de los casos.