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Sample records for supervisory processes non-monetary

  1. A Process Algebra for Supervisory Coordination

    CERN Document Server

    Baeten, Jos; van Hulst, Allan; Markovski, Jasen; 10.4204/EPTCS.60.3

    2011-01-01

    A supervisory controller controls and coordinates the behavior of different components of a complex machine by observing their discrete behaviour. Supervisory control theory studies automated synthesis of controller models, known as supervisors, based on formal models of the machine components and a formalization of the requirements. Subsequently, code generation can be used to implement this supervisor in software, on a PLC, or embedded microprocessor. In this article, we take a closer look at the control loop that couples the supervisory controller and the machine. We model both event-based and state-based observations using process algebra and bisimulation-based semantics. The main application area of supervisory control that we consider is coordination, referred to as supervisory coordination, and we give an academic and an industrial example, discussing the process-theoretic concepts employed.

  2. Communicating Processes with Data for Supervisory Coordination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasen Markovski

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available We employ supervisory controllers to safely coordinate high-level discrete(-event behavior of distributed components of complex systems. Supervisory controllers observe discrete-event system behavior, make a decision on allowed activities, and communicate the control signals to the involved parties. Models of the supervisory controllers can be automatically synthesized based on formal models of the system components and a formalization of the safe coordination (control requirements. Based on the obtained models, code generation can be used to implement the supervisory controllers in software, on a PLC, or an embedded (microprocessor. In this article, we develop a process theory with data that supports a model-based systems engineering framework for supervisory coordination. We employ communication to distinguish between the different flows of information, i.e., observation and supervision, whereas we employ data to specify the coordination requirements more compactly, and to increase the expressivity of the framework. To illustrate the framework, we remodel an industrial case study involving coordination of maintenance procedures of a printing process of a high-tech Oce printer.

  3. Dictating or Facilitating: The Supervisory Process for Language Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayaoglu, M. Naci

    2012-01-01

    This study is an attempt to explore the supervisory process from the standpoint of supervised English language teachers. The research, which has been going on for three years, aims to weigh the results in terms of teachers who were exposed to the supervision. More specifically, the research answers whether teachers are really helped in improving…

  4. The Role of the Supervisor in the Supervisory Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lessing, A. C.

    2011-01-01

    Postgraduate supervision does not only require academic and research skills from the supervisors--they may also assume a variety of roles to support the postgraduate student from novice to experienced researcher. The role of supervisors in the supervisory process, as well as the views of a purposeful selection of lecturers on the role is the focus…

  5. Self and intersubjectivity in the supervisory process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricci, W F

    1995-01-01

    The process of supervision is one in which the supervisor's listening ability, acceptance, and articulation of the mutual interactions of patient, supervise, and supervisor are used to differentiate motivational needs that are activated in the course of analysis and supervision. Conflict usually arises due to lack of empathic attunement and to absence of congruent understanding of the different motivations. The author shows how acknowledgment of differing motivations and of the failure to empathically recognize them closes the gap between patient's, supervisee's, and supervisor's subjective feelings of being misunderstood, and confirms the value of each human encounter.

  6. SELECTION AND PROMOTION PROCESS TO SUPERVISORY POSITIONS IN MEXICO, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Guadalupe Hernández López

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In Mexico it is starting a process of selection and promotion of teachers to supervisory positions through what has been called competitive examinations. This competition, derived from the Education Reform 2013, is justified by the alleged finding the best teachers to fill them. As a "new" process in the Mexican education system has led to a series of disputes since that examination was confined to the application and resolution of a standardized test consisting of multiple-choice questions applied in a session of eight hours which it determines whether a teacher is qualified or not qualified for the job.

  7. Assessment for 1983-4 School Year. Administrative/Supervisory Performance Review Process. Survey Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Michael P.

    School administrators and supervisors who were evaluated using the Cleveland, Ohio City School District's Administrator/Supervisory Review Process were surveyed concerning their opinions of the review process. The questionnaire, which was returned by 203 principals, assistant principals, and other supervisory staff out of a total of 376…

  8. The Supervisory Process of EFL Teachers: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Cheryl Wei-Yu; Cheng, Yuh-show

    2013-01-01

    Supervision is an essential part of language teachers' professional experiences. The literature on language teacher supervision from the past few decades consists largely of descriptions of supervisory approaches (Bailey, 2009) and analysis of the supervisory discourse (Hooton, 2008; Wajnryb, 1994; 1995; 1998; Wallace & Woolger, 1991). This…

  9. Parallel Process and Isomorphism: A Model for Decision Making in the Supervisory Triad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koltz, Rebecca L.; Odegard, Melissa A.; Feit, Stephen S.; Provost, Kent; Smith, Travis

    2012-01-01

    Parallel process and isomorphism are two supervisory concepts that are often discussed independently but rarely discussed in connection with each other. These two concepts, philosophically, have different historical roots, as well as different implications for interventions with regard to the supervisory triad. The authors examine the difference…

  10. A process evaluation of a supervisory development programme

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    Jasper Buys

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: An important evaluation function is to assess the adequacy of the programme process, including the extent to which the appropriate people participate in its activities.Research purpose: The study aimed to provide information about coverage, service delivery, organisational resources, and medium-term outcomes for a supervisory development programme (SDP in the hospitality industry.Motivation for the study: The primary motivation was to assist programme staff to understand their programme and also to generate information that the programme staff could use to reflect on the programme’s performance and future direction.Research design, approach and method: A mixture of quantitative and qualitative methods was employed, namely: a literature review; personal interviews; and internal programme documentation, such as e-mail correspondence, financial statements, attendance registers, and personnel records. Personal interviews were conducted with two stakeholders, namely the programme manager and programme administrator. The programme data of 69 participants in the SDP were utilised for the evaluation.Main findings: The evaluation’s main finding concluded that the ‘implemented programme’ was not congruent with the ‘planned programme’.Practical/managerial implications: It is recommended that programme activities and theory should be re-evaluated, as the programme is used mainly as a training programme for new appointees, rather than a management development programme to create a pool of potential supervisors. Programme uptake and output should also be closely aligned. The length of time that people in the pool of potential supervisors had to wait before they were appointed should also be reduced.Contribution/value-add: By explicating the basic programme theory and studying programme implementation, this evaluation serves as a starting point for future evaluations of the SDP.

  11. Sleep deprivation influences some but not all processes of supervisory attention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennings, J. R.; Monk, T. H.; van der Molen, M. W.

    2003-01-01

    Does one night of sleep deprivation alter processes of supervisory attention in general or only a specific subset of such processes? Twenty college-aged volunteers, half female, performed a choice reaction time task. A cue indicated that compatible (e.g., right button, right-pointing arrow) or incompatible (e.g., left button, right-pointing arrow) responses were to be given to a stimulus that followed 50 or 500 ms later. The paradigm assessed response inhibition, task-shifting skill, and task strategy-processes inherent in supervisory attention. Performance, along with heart rate, was assessed for 12 hr following normal sleep or a night of complete sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation altered neither preparation for task shifting nor response inhibition. The ability to use preparatory bias to speed performance did decrease with sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation appears to selectively affect this supervisory attention process, which is perceived as an active effort to cope with a challenging task.

  12. Sleep deprivation influences some but not all processes of supervisory attention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennings, J. R.; Monk, T. H.; van der Molen, M. W.

    2003-01-01

    Does one night of sleep deprivation alter processes of supervisory attention in general or only a specific subset of such processes? Twenty college-aged volunteers, half female, performed a choice reaction time task. A cue indicated that compatible (e.g., right button, right-pointing arrow) or incompatible (e.g., left button, right-pointing arrow) responses were to be given to a stimulus that followed 50 or 500 ms later. The paradigm assessed response inhibition, task-shifting skill, and task strategy-processes inherent in supervisory attention. Performance, along with heart rate, was assessed for 12 hr following normal sleep or a night of complete sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation altered neither preparation for task shifting nor response inhibition. The ability to use preparatory bias to speed performance did decrease with sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation appears to selectively affect this supervisory attention process, which is perceived as an active effort to cope with a challenging task.

  13. The value of non monetary-based retail promotions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Corsi, Armando Maria; Mueller Loose, Simone; Lockshin, Larry

    Purpose: Price discounts in the retail sector are the norm rather than an exception. However, price promotions have several negative impacts on brands. Less attention has been devoted to non-monetary promotions (e.g. shelf talkers, in-store displays). The aim of this work is to fill this gap......, by showing the effects of non-monetary promotions in store and the relationship with the way consumers react to analogous non-monetary promotions on-line. Design: The study comprised three main stages: a) the selection and pre-test of the promotional material with a representative sample of the Australian...... to have a bigger effect than visual ones. Third, banners are only useful to promote environmental friendly wines. In addition, it was possible to observe substitution effects between wines showing a shelf talker and control wines. The online choice experiment confirmed to have a high external validity...

  14. The value of non monetary-based retail promotions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Corsi, Armando Maria; Mueller Loose, Simone; Lockshin, Larry

    Purpose: Price discounts in the retail sector are the norm rather than an exception. However, price promotions have several negative impacts on brands. Less attention has been devoted to non-monetary promotions (e.g. shelf talkers, in-store displays). The aim of this work is to fill this gap......, by showing the effects of non-monetary promotions in store and the relationship with the way consumers react to analogous non-monetary promotions on-line. Design: The study comprised three main stages: a) the selection and pre-test of the promotional material with a representative sample of the Australian...... wine drinking population; b) an in-store experiment with an Australian wine retailer across 62 stores located in New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria, and c) an online discrete choice experiment to test the effects of the same stimuli used in the in-store experiment on consumers’ simulated...

  15. An Effective Supervisory Model to Help MA English Students in the Process of Writing Their Thesis

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    Hamid Rahmani Sangani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Conducting a research project and writing up a thesis could be as nearly demanding as it is essential for MA students to achieve their academic goals, particularly in developing world contexts such as Iran. One main reason for this, as experienced by some of the students, is the insufficient and inefficient guidance which the students receive from their supervisors. Meanwhile, the initial review of the available documents and syllabi in our context, Iran, demonstrated that there are no transparent comprehensive guidelines recommended for the supervisor-student relationships. In order to respond to these challenges, a multiple-case study, including four cases, was designed. Each of the four cases consisted of one MA TEFL student who was guided by a supervisory team including two of the three supervisors. The team members held their consulting sessions for each student individually. Each of the students’ activities and interactions were considered and reflected on regularly by the supervisory team in order to explore the challenges the students and their supervisors encountered and then to propose responses to them. The students were regularly interviewed about the efficiency of the whole process of the supervision, particularly the suggested responses and changes, to detect its successes and failures. An ongoing thematic analysis was used to analyse the collected data. The process helped the researchers, who were also the participants, to develop a supervisory model which hopefully facilitates the process of writing an MA thesis. The findings could be immensely helpful for the syllabus designers and supervisory teams as well as MA and PhD students.

  16. Intelligent supervisory-level control of industrial processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaervensivu, M. [Pronyx Control Software (Finland); Juuso, E. [Oulu Univ. (Finland). Control Engineering Lab.

    2000-07-01

    Faced by intense competition, the pulp and paper industry is aiming for higher profitability by raising productivity and lowering costs. On the global scale, the industry has to meet increasing market demands for higher product quality, more specialty products, greater production flexibility and a higher standard of environmental protection. For these reasons, extensive research is being conducted to improve existing processes. One option that is gaining increasing attention within the industry is to improve control of existing processes by means of intelligent systems. In this paper, an intelligent kiln control system is presented. The system consists of two parts: the stabilizing control is based on a new LECont concept which uses a novel linguistic equation approach, while the targets are determined by a StabOpti concept on the optimisation level. Nonlinear models obtained from process data are used for optimisation and compensation of load disturbances. According to test results from on industrial pulp mill, operational flexibility was improved and both economic and ecological benefits were obtained. The overall control system provides a better insight into the process and extends the scope of both fuzzy logic control and advanced extensions of classical control. (orig.)

  17. Democratic Dialogue as a Process to Inform Public Policy: Reconceptualizing a Supervisory Officer’s Qualification Program

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    Deirdre M. Smith

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available An exploration of the collaborative reconceptualization of a provincial Supervisory Officer’s Qualification Program (SOQP through the use of dialogic approaches is the focus of this inquiry. The stories, perspectives, and lived experiences of supervisory officers, principals, teachers, parents, students, and members of the public in Ontario were included as essential voices and information sources within policy development conversations. These narratives of experience revealed the forms of knowledge, skills, dispositions, and ethical commitments necessary for effective supervisory officers today and in the future. They also illustrated the transformative nature of narrative dialogue to enlighten, deepen understanding, and alter perspec- tives. The policy development processes used in this publicly shared educational initiative serve as a model of democratic dialogue. The inclusive and dialogic methods employed to collectively reconceptualize a supervisory officer formation program illustrate an innovative framework for developing policies governing the public good.

  18. Supervisory System and Multivariable Control Applying Weighted Fuzzy-PID Logic in an Alcoholic Fermentation Process

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    Márcio Mendonça

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In this work, it is analyzed a multivariate system control of an alcoholic fermentation process with no minimum phase. The control is made with PID classic controllers associated with a supervisory system based on Fuzzy Systems. The Fuzzy system, a priori, send set-points to PID controllers, but also adds protection functions, such as if the biomass valued is at zero or very close. The Fuzzy controller changes the campaign to prevent or mitigate the paralyzation of the process. Three control architectures based on Fuzzy Control Systems are presented and compared in performance with classic control in different campaigns. The third architecture, in particular, adds an adaptive function. A brief summary of Fuzzy theory and correlated works will be presented. And, finally simulations results, conclusions and future works end the article.

  19. Democratic Dialogue as a Process to Inform Public Policy: Reconceptualizing a Supervisory Officer's Qualification Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Deirdre M.; Qua-Hiansen, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    An exploration of the collaborative reconceptualization of a provincial Supervisory Officer's Qualification Program (SOQP) through the use of dialogic approaches is the focus of this inquiry. The stories, perspectives, and lived experiences of supervisory officers, principals, teachers, parents, students, and members of the public in Ontario were…

  20. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 360 - Non-Monetary Transaction File Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Non-Monetary Transaction File Structure A... OF GENERAL POLICY RESOLUTION AND RECEIVERSHIP RULES Pt. 360, App. A Appendix A to Part 360—Non-Monetary Transaction File Structure This is the structure of the data file the FDIC will provide to remove...

  1. Using Non-Monetary Deprivation Indicators to Analyze Poverty and Social Exclusion: Lessons from Europe?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, Brian; Whelan, Christopher T.

    2010-01-01

    Non-monetary indicators of deprivation are now widely used in studying poverty in Europe. While measuring financial resources remains central, having reliable information about material deprivation adds to the ability to capture poverty and social exclusion. Non-monetary indicators can help improve the identification of those experiencing poverty…

  2. Using Non-Monetary Deprivation Indicators to Analyze Poverty and Social Exclusion: Lessons from Europe?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, Brian; Whelan, Christopher T.

    2010-01-01

    Non-monetary indicators of deprivation are now widely used in studying poverty in Europe. While measuring financial resources remains central, having reliable information about material deprivation adds to the ability to capture poverty and social exclusion. Non-monetary indicators can help improve the identification of those experiencing poverty…

  3. Economic and utilitarian benefits of monetary versus non-monetary in-store sales promotions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reid, Mike; Thompson, Peter; Mavondo, Felix

    2014-01-01

    While prior research has examined the issue of sales promotion proneness, very little has examined proneness to non-monetary promotions, such as contests and premiums discovered in store. This study draws on a promotions benefits framework to examine the influence of shoppers’ desired benefits...... on their relative proneness to in-store monetary and non-monetary promotions. Computer-aided telephone interviewing (CATI) data gathered from 500 grocery shoppers are used. The findings show that shoppers who are prone to using non-monetary in-store promotions seek exploration, entertainment and value expression...... benefits, in common with shoppers who are prone to monetary promotions. Both monetary and non-monetary promotion-prone shoppers feel financially constrained. In addition, non-monetary promotion-prone shoppers enjoy gambling and other hedonic outcomes. The managerial implications of our research findings...

  4. Endogenous cortisol levels are associated with an imbalanced striatal sensitivity to monetary versus non-monetary cues in pathological gamblers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yansong eLi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Pathological gambling is a behavioral addiction characterized by a chronic failure to resist the urge to gamble. It shares many similarities with drug addiction. Glucocorticoid hormones including cortisol are thought to play a key role in the vulnerability to addictive behaviors, by acting on the mesolimbic reward pathway. Based on our previous report of an imbalanced sensitivity to monetary versus non-monetary incentives in the ventral striatum of pathological gamblers (PGs, we investigated whether this imbalance was mediated by individual differences in endogenous cortisol levels. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI and examined the relationship between cortisol levels and the neural responses to monetary versus non-monetary cues, while PGs and healthy controls were engaged in an incentive delay task manipulating both monetary and erotic rewards. We found a positive correlation between cortisol levels and ventral striatal responses to monetary versus erotic cues in PGs, but not in healthy controls. This indicates that the ventral striatum is a key region where cortisol modulates incentive motivation for gambling versus non-gambling related stimuli in PGs. Our results extend the proposed role of glucocorticoid hormones in drug addiction to behavioral addiction, and help understand the impact of cortisol on reward incentive processing in PGs.

  5. Endogenous cortisol levels are associated with an imbalanced striatal sensitivity to monetary versus non-monetary cues in pathological gamblers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yansong; Sescousse, Guillaume; Dreher, Jean-Claude

    2014-01-01

    Pathological gambling is a behavioral addiction characterized by a chronic failure to resist the urge to gamble. It shares many similarities with drug addiction. Glucocorticoid hormones including cortisol are thought to play a key role in the vulnerability to addictive behaviors, by acting on the mesolimbic reward pathway. Based on our previous report of an imbalanced sensitivity to monetary versus non-monetary incentives in the ventral striatum of pathological gamblers (PGs), we investigated whether this imbalance was mediated by individual differences in endogenous cortisol levels. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and examined the relationship between cortisol levels and the neural responses to monetary versus non-monetary cues, while PGs and healthy controls were engaged in an incentive delay task manipulating both monetary and erotic rewards. We found a positive correlation between cortisol levels and ventral striatal responses to monetary versus erotic cues in PGs, but not in healthy controls. This indicates that the ventral striatum is a key region where cortisol modulates incentive motivation for gambling versus non-gambling related stimuli in PGs. Our results extend the proposed role of glucocorticoid hormones in drug addiction to behavioral addiction, and help understand the impact of cortisol on reward incentive processing in PGs. PMID:24723862

  6. Non-Monetary Feedback Induces more Cooperation: Students and Workers in a Voluntary Contribution Mechanism

    OpenAIRE

    Dragone, Davide; Galeotti, Fabio; Raimondello ORSINI

    2016-01-01

    We conduct an artefactual field experiment to study and compare the behavior of workers and students in a linear voluntary contribution mechanism in which subjects can assign immaterial sanctions or rewards to the other group members. We find that both students and workers sanction group members who contribute less than the group average, and reward those who contribute more. In both subject samples, the use of non-monetary sanctions and rewards induces more cooperation. The magnitude of the ...

  7. Supervision and self-disclosure: modes of supervisory interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Leo S; Winer, Jerome A; Ornstein, Eric

    2009-12-01

    A conceptual framework is presented for thinking about supervisory issues raised by candidate self-disclosure. The process of dealing with self-disclosure in supervision brings into bold relief certain dynamics that operate in all supervisory encounters. In responding to these and other tensions stirred by analyst self-disclosure, the supervisory dyad moves in and out of various configurations, or "modes of supervisory interaction." Why these dynamics are intensified when the focus of supervision is on an instance of candidate self-disclosure is explored. To illustrate these ideas, a supervisory hour that dealt with the issue of self-disclosure is presented. A nonjudgmental awareness of the various modes of supervisory interaction enriches the supervisory process.

  8. Students' perceived supervisory needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowling, S; Wittkopp, J

    1982-07-01

    One hundred and ninety-one students from six Michigan University speech-language pathology training programs completed a 43-item questionnaire concerning their perceived supervisory needs in five areas: lesson plan and report writing, supervisor observation, conferencing, professional responsibility, and general supervisory practices. Selection criteria for students were academic status, university attended, and earned clinical clock hours. Student's perceptions of positive and negative supervisory practices differed significantly as a function of earned clinical clock hours and site of training. However, there were no differences in perception between undergraduate and graduate students.

  9. “THE NET MONETARY STATEMENT” AND “THE NET NON-MONETARY STATEMENT” – ASSESSMENT INDICATORS FOR THE FINANCIAL POSITION OF THE ENTITY

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    SORIN-CONSTANTIN DEACONU

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines two indicators, namely the net monetary statement and the net non-monetary statement. To determine and analyze them, we started with the classification of assets (monetary and non-monetary and liabilities (monetary and nonmonetary. The actual values of these elements were established on the basis of information supplied by the balance sheet, followed by the calculus of the net monetary statement and of the net non-monetary statement. These indicators provide relevant and reliable information to the users of financial statements and, in the future, they should be taken into account because they bring additional information about the financial position of the entity.

  10. Upward appraisal as a means for improving supervisory performance and promoting process improvement, with long-term implications for organizational change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegfeldt, Denise V.

    1994-01-01

    This study represents the implementation phase of an organizational development project which was initiated last year in the Management Support Division (MSD) at Langley Research Center to diagnose organizational functioning. As a result of MSD survey data from last year's effort, a Quality Action Team was created to address the responses compiled from the MSD Organizational Assessment Questionnaire and Follow-Up Questionnaire. The team was officially named the MSD Employee Relations Improvement Team (MERIT). MERIT's goal was to analyze major concerns generated by the questionnaires and to present feasible solutions to management which would improve supervisory performance, promote process improvement; and ultimately, lead to a better organization. The team met weekly and was very disciplined in following guidelines needed to ensure a fully functioning team. Several TQM tools were used during the team process, including brainstorming and the cause and effect diagram. One of the products produced by MERIT was a 'report card', more formally known as an upward appraisal system, to evaluate supervisory performance in the division office, its three branches, and in teams. Major areas of emphasis on the 47 item report card were those identified by employees through the previously administered questionnaires as needing to be improved; specifically, training, recognition, teamwork, supervision and leadership, and communication. MERIT created an enlarged and modified version of the report card which enabled scores for each individual supervisor to be recorded on a separate form, along with summary results and employee comments. Report card results have been compiled and fed back to the Division Chief and Assistant Division Chief. These individuals will in turn, feed the results back to the remaining supervisors and the team leaders. Although results differ among supervisors, some similarities exist. Communication generally appears to be adequate, which represents an

  11. Simulation of Enlisted Sailor Assignment Process to Explore the Cost of Non-Monetary Incentives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Herzbergs Two - factor Theory (Exams_tutor_business) ....................... 6... two - factor theory , also known as Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory . (Exams_tutor_business) Herzberg categorized work related factors into two ...from Motivation - 4. Herzbergs Two Factor Theory : http://www.examstutor.com/business/resources/studyroom/people_and_or

  12. Simulation of enlisted sailor assignment process to explore the cost of non-monetary incentives

    OpenAIRE

    Buelow, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The attractiveness of an employer became more important for employees over time. It influences the decision to reject a job or to stay in the job. Incentives are useful to motivate employees to do their job and to stay with their employer. The U.S. Navy uses many different incentives to motivate sailors to stay in the Navy. The Navy spends the biggest amount of money to motivate enlisted sailors to stay in the Navy for the reenli...

  13. Modular supervisory controller for hybrid power systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lemos Pereira, A. de

    2000-06-01

    The power supply of remote places has been commonly provided by thermal power plants, usually diesel generators. Although hybrid power systems may constitute the most economical solution in many applications their widespread application to the electrification schemes of remote areas still depends on improvements in the issues of design and operation control. The main limitations of the present hybrid power systems technology, which are identified in this work, are related to the control and supervision of the power system. Therefore this thesis focuses on the modularity of supervisory controllers in order to design cost-competitive and reliable hybrid power systems. The modular supervisory controller created in this project is considered an important part of a system design approach that aims to overcome the technical difficulties of the current engineering practice and contribute to open the market of hybrid power systems. The term modular refers to a set of design characteristics that allows the use of basically the same supervisory controller in different projects. The modularization and standardisation of the controller include several issues such as interfacing components, communication protocols, modelling, programming and control strategies. The modularity can reduce the highly specialised system engineering related to the integration of components, operation and control. It can also avoid the high costs for installation, service and maintenance. A modular algorithm for supervisory controllers has been developed (a Matlab program called SuperCon) using an object-oriented design and it has been tested through several simulations using different hybrid system configurations and different control strategies. This thesis presents a complete control system design process which can be used as the basis for the development and implementation of intelligent and autonomous supervisory controllers for hybrid power systems with modular characteristics. (au)

  14. Development of a concept for non-monetary assessment of urban ecosystem services at the site level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurster, Daniel; Artmann, Martina

    2014-05-01

    Determining the performance of ecosystem services at the city or regional level cannot accurately take into account the fine differences between green or gray structures. The supply of regulating ecosystem services in, for instance, parks can differ as parks vary in their land cover composition. A comprehensive ecosystem service assessment approach also needs to reflect land use to consider the demands placed on ecosystem services, which are mostly neglected by current research yet important for urban planning. For instance, if a sealed surface is no longer used, it could be unsealed to improve ecosystem service supply. Because of these scientific shortcomings, this article argues for a conceptual framework for the non-monetary assessment of urban ecosystem services at the site scale. This paper introduces a standardized method for selecting representative sites and evaluating their supply of and demand on ecosystem services. The conceptual design is supplemented by examples of Salzburg, Austria.

  15. 7 CFR Appendix C to Subpart C of... - FSA-2514, Notice of Availability of Loan Servicing to Borrowers Who Are in Non-Monetary Default

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Borrowers Who Are in Non-Monetary Default C Appendix C to Subpart C of Part 766 Agriculture Regulations of... PROGRAMS DIRECT LOAN SERVICING-SPECIAL Loan Servicing Programs Pt. 766, Subpt. C, App. C Appendix C to Subpart C of Part 766—FSA-2514, Notice of Availability of Loan Servicing to Borrowers Who Are in...

  16. Intentional Practices in Supervision of Family Counseling: The Use of Supervisory Letters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desmond, Kimberly J.; Kindsvatter, Aaron

    2010-01-01

    Supervisors perform various roles in helping to guide the supervisee through the challenging process of family counseling. The use of letters in supervision helps to focus the supervisory processes in family counseling. Following the discrimination model of supervision, three types of supervisory letters are suggested for intentional supervision…

  17. The Relationship of Supervisory Experience, Counseling Experience, and Training in Supervision to Supervisory Identity Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelling, Nadine

    2008-01-01

    The relationship between supervisory identity development and supervisory experience, counseling experience, and training in supervision was examined for Association for Counselor Education and Supervision (ACES) members. Analyses indicated that supervisory experience and training were related to supervisory identity development, whilst counseling…

  18. Young adult cannabis users report greater propensity for risk-taking only in non-monetary domains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilman, Jodi M; Calderon, Vanessa; Curran, Max T; Evins, A Eden

    2015-02-01

    Though substance use is often associated with elevated risk-taking in real-world scenarios, many risk-taking tasks in experimental psychology using financial gambles fail to find significant differences between individuals with substance use disorders and healthy controls. We assessed whether participants using marijuana would show a greater propensity for risk-taking in distinct domains including, but not limited to, financial risk-taking. In the current study, we assessed risk-taking in young adult (age 18-25) regular marijuana users and in non-using control participants using a domain-specific risk-taking self-report scale (DOSPERT) encompassing five domains of risk-taking (social, financial, recreational, health/safety, and ethical). We also measured behavioral risk-taking using a laboratory monetary risk-taking task. Marijuana users and controls reported significant differences on the social, health/safety, and ethical risk-taking scales, but no differences in the propensity to take recreational or financial risks. Complementing the self-report finding, there were no differences between marijuana users and controls in their performance on the laboratory risk-taking task. These findings suggest that financial risk-taking may be less sensitive than other domains of risk-taking in assessing differences in risky behavior between those who use marijuana and those who do not. In order to more consistently determine whether increased risk-taking is a factor in substance use, it may be necessary to use both monetary risk-taking tasks and complementary assessments of non-monetary-based risk-taking measures. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Supervisory Workbook on Behavior Modification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arkin, Ronald; And Others

    This workbook is designed to be used with the trainer's manual in supervisory training sessions on behavior modification of employees. This is one of four manuals prepared to aid supervisors in training disadvantaged groups using social reinforcement techniques. Related documents are available as VT 018 031-VT 018 035 in this issue. (MF)

  20. The supervisory needs of neophyte psychotherapy trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duryee, J; Brymer, M; Gold, K

    1996-11-01

    This article focuses on the difficulties facing the neophyte trainee in the field of psychotherapy. Three areas of such difficulties are identified, defined, and discussed: feelings of inadequacy and incompetence, anxieties concerning supervisors, and confusion concerning multiple theoretical views of clinical work. Two vignettes from the early training of the paper's junior authors illustrate and discuss these problems and their resolution in applied contexts. A conclusion is offered which emphasizes the value of supervisory recognition of these dimensions of trainees' experience, as well as their potential for modeling processes of growth that are likely to help supervisees' patients as well.

  1. How Effective Are Non-monetary Instruments for Safe Driving? Panel Data Evidence on the Effect of the Demerit Point System in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abay, Kibrom Araya

    2017-01-01

    Using unusually rich longitudinal traffic offense data, this paper exploits a reform that introduced a point recording scheme in Denmark to estimate the behavioral responses of drivers to a non-monetary penalty based on demerit points. We find that drivers exhibit substantial behavioral responses...... to each demerit point assigned to their driving license. We also find that drivers’ effort, and hence response, increases with the number of demerit points accumulated. Depending on the number of demerit points accumulated, drivers with one or more demerit points reduced their frequency of traffic...

  2. Fuzzy Supervisory Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jantzen, Jan

    1998-01-01

    Control problems in the process industry are dominated by non-linear and time-varying behaviour, many inner loops, and much interaction between the control loops. Fuzzy controllers have in some cases nevertheless mimicked the control actions of a human operator. For high level control and supervi......Control problems in the process industry are dominated by non-linear and time-varying behaviour, many inner loops, and much interaction between the control loops. Fuzzy controllers have in some cases nevertheless mimicked the control actions of a human operator. For high level control...

  3. 25 CFR 163.72 - Supervisory relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Supervisory relationship. 163.72 Section 163.72 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS Cooperative Agreements § 163.72 Supervisory relationship. In any agreement authorized by the Secretary, Indian...

  4. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Laboratory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Iacob

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents practical laboratories for teaching purpose in Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA systems. A SCADA system is described in terms of architecture, process interfaces, functionality, and application development facilities. These concepts are implemented on an integrated automation system, particularly for digital control of electric drives with a distributed peripheral, i.e., Totally Integrated Automation with Democase from Siemens. Using this system, a wide range of applications can be designed, implemented and tested. A practical labs set is presented to introduce gradually the main SCADA elements, and finally to develop an application to control an induction motor in interlocked manual/automatic mode, with touch-screen Human Machine Interface (HMI. The system employs industrial busses like PROFIBus and industrial Ethernet. The SCADA system also shows trends, alarms, motor frequency and automatic sequence of motor speed profile.

  5. Supervisory Control of Fuzzy Discrete Event Systems Based on Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    FDES (fuzzy discrete event systems) can effectively represent a kind of complicated systems involving deterministic uncertainties and vagueness as well as human subjective observation and judgement from the view of discrete events, here the information system is divided into some independent intelligent entitative Agents. The concept of information processing state based on Agents was proposed. The processing state of Agent can be judged by some assistant observation parameters about the Agent and its environment around, and the transition among these states can be represented by FDES based on rules. In order to ensure the harmony of the Agents for information processing, its upstream and downstream buffers are considered in the modeling of the Agent system,and the supervisory controller based on FDES is constructed. The processing state of Agent can be adjusted by the supervisory controller to improve the stability of the system and the efficiency of resource utilization during the process according to the control policies. The result of its application was provided to illustrate the validity of the supervisory adjustment.

  6. Modelling supervisory controller for hybrid power systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, A.; Bindner, H.; Lundsager, P. [Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark); Jannerup, O. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Dept. of Automation, Lyngby (Denmark)

    1999-03-01

    Supervisory controllers are important to achieve optimal operation of hybrid power systems. The performance and economics of such systems depend mainly on the control strategy for switching on/off components. The modular concept described in this paper is an attempt to design standard supervisory controllers that could be used in different applications, such as village power and telecommunication applications. This paper presents some basic aspects of modelling and design of modular supervisory controllers using the object-oriented modelling technique. The functional abstraction hierarchy technique is used to formulate the control requirements and identify the functions of the control system. The modular algorithm is generic and flexible enough to be used with any system configuration and several goals (different applications). The modularity includes accepting modification of system configuration and goals during operation with minor or no changes in the supervisory controller. (au)

  7. International Symposium on Monitoring Behavior and Supervisory Control

    CERN Document Server

    Johannsen, Gunnar

    1976-01-01

    This book includes all papers presented at the International Symposium on Monitoring Behavior and Supervisory Control held at Berchtesgaden, Federal Republic of Germany, March 8-12, 1976. The Symposium was sponsored by the Scientific Affairs Division of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Brussels, and the government of the Federal Republic of Germany, Bonn. We believe the book constitutes an important and timely status report on monitoring behavior and supervisory control by human operators of complex man-machine systems in which the computer is sharing key functions with the man. These systems include aircraft and other vehicles, nuclear and more conventional power plants, and processes for the manu­ facture of chemicals, petroleum, and discrete parts. By "monitoring" we mean the systematic observation by a human operator of mul tiple sources of information, e. g. , ranging from integrated display consoles to disparate "live situations". The monitor's purpose is to determine whether operations are norm...

  8. Reshaping supervisory practice in home care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knollmueller, R N

    1988-06-01

    Reshaping supervisory practice in home care is not an if but a when issue. We need the best wisdom in how to reshape the practice so that it builds on the experience of the individual and the agency. It is time to deliberately plan to change from the paper-shuffling tendency among supervisors toward supporting more people-oriented activity and to rediscover the pivotal role that supervisors have in keeping a community healthy, staff stimulated, and the agency solvent. Some summary points to consider in reshaping supervisory practice include: (1) redefine supervision to reflect what is desired, needed, and possible, (2) recognize the contribution from change theory and apply it, (3) recapture the commitment and philosophy of supervision from the past, (4) reward the supervisor commensurate with the scope of practice expected, (5) reverse selection of supervisors from preservers of territory to manager as idea entrepreneur, (6) respond to varying and dynamic models of supervisory practice, (7) recharge the supervisor through timely in-service programs, continuing education, and formal academic study, (8) require educational content and practice from colleges and universities that stimulate creative supervisory skills and improve job satisfaction, (9) respect the work of the supervisor and provide appropriate support to achieve success, (10) reconsider current supervisory models and expand opportunities for professional growth among staff, and (11) reshape the supervisory role from one of controller to facilitator and innovator.

  9. A study of the test of supervisory skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamble, Louis G; Prien, Erich P; Burke, Tracie; Prien, Kristin O; Goodstein, Leonard D

    2007-02-01

    In supervisory selection and development it is important to assess individuals' supervisory competencies. In a field study, the Test of Supervisory Skills was validated against a surrogate criterion of supervisory performance, based upon position classification and supervisory experience. Subjects (N=2406), workers and applicants of both sexes, were recruited from multiple sources, tested, and the data analyzed to evaluate the usefulness of the test in human resource management applications. Both the current and prior results show significant relationships between scores on this test and various criteria of supervisory performance.

  10. Discussion on Tax Issues of Non-monetary Assets Exchange%非货币性资产交换中相关税费问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓红; 戴华江; 许中强

    2014-01-01

    According to relevant provisions of CAS7,the cost of the assets is equal to the fair value (or book val-ue)plus relevant taxes and premium should be added if necessary,which has a certain discrepancy with the rele-vant provisions of the current tax system.Moreover,the new accounting standards on the current“related taxes”measurement standards have not been involved in rigorous specifications.Therefore,this paper will discuss the re-lated tax issues of the non-monetary assets exchange involved in the new accounting standards.%CAS7相关规定,换入资产的成本等于公允价值(或账面价值)加上相关税费,存在补价时,再加上补价。该项规定与当前税法体系中的相关规定存在一定的出入,并且当前新会计准则中对涉及的“相关税费”有关的计量标准尚未进行严谨的规范。因此,对我国目前新会计准则中涉及的非货币性资产交换涉及相关税费问题进行探讨。

  11. Supervisory Control of Extended Timed Event Graphs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-bing Zhuo; Wen-de Chen

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes the dynamic behavior of extended timed event graphs related to place delay in the dioid framework. By Cofer and Garg's supervisory control theory[3], we address control problems of extended timed event graphs. Supervisory control of extended timed event graphs (a class of discrete event dynamic systems) is studied in the dioid framework, a necessary and sufficient condition for the ideals of the set of firing time sequences of transitions to be controllable is presented. We prove all the strongly controllable subsets can form a complete lattice.

  12. Simplified design of microprocessor-supervisory circuits

    CERN Document Server

    Lenk, John

    1998-01-01

    This is the seventh book in the popular Simplified Design series from John Lenk, which teaches engineers, technicians, and students to use and modify off-the-shelf ICs to suit their individual design needs.The first chapter of this book describes the basic operation of microprocessor supervisory circuits and how to use manufacturer data sheets to make your component selections. Later chapters describe the internal operations of various commonly-available ICs and how to select and modify them.The most common microprocessor-supervisory functions include: power-on reset, low-volta

  13. Supervisory control of remote manipulation: A preliminary evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starr, G. P.

    1981-01-01

    A system for supervisory control is described, and preliminary results are presented. Supervisory control, where control is traded between man and computer, offers benefits in the control of a remote manipulator. The system has the potential to accomplish sophisticated tasks. It is indicated that supervisory control yields lower task completion times and is preferred over manual control.

  14. Intern Performance in Three Supervisory Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Womack, Sid T.; Hanna, Shellie L.; Callaway, Rebecca; Woodall, Peggy

    2011-01-01

    Differences in intern performance, as measured by a Praxis III-similar instrument were found between interns supervised in three supervisory models: Traditional triad model, cohort model, and distance supervision. Candidates in this study's particular form of distance supervision were not as effective as teachers as candidates in traditional-triad…

  15. Supervisory powers and bank risk taking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shehzad, Choudry Tanveer; De Haan, Jakob

    2015-01-01

    We examine the effect of different types of bank supervisory powers in place before the crisis on bank risk-taking during the crisis. We employ data of more than 8000 banks from high-income OECD countries for the 2007-2011 period and impaired loans to gross loans ratio as proxy for bank risk-taking.

  16. Supervisory powers and bank risk taking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shehzad, Choudry Tanveer; De Haan, Jakob

    2015-01-01

    We examine the effect of different types of bank supervisory powers in place before the crisis on bank risk-taking during the crisis. We employ data of more than 8000 banks from high-income OECD countries for the 2007-2011 period and impaired loans to gross loans ratio as proxy for bank risk-taking.

  17. Self-Appraisal Based upon Supervisory Feedback.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steel, Robert P.; Ovalle, Nestor K.

    1984-01-01

    Compared self-appraisals with instructions referencing supervisory feedback with conventional self-appraisals with personnel from a large institution (N=401) and two samples of military personnel (N=117). Results showed that Feedback Based Self Appraisals exhibited more agreement with superior ratings, and degree of feedback available moderated…

  18. Supervisory control experience on large industrial flotation columns

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergh, L.G.; Yianatos, J.B. [Chemical Engineering Dept., Santa Maria Univ., Valparaiso (Chile)

    1999-07-01

    The industrial experience in developing supervisory control systems for flotation columns is discussed. Procedures for diagnosis of instrumentation calibration and maintenance, prior to the implementation of control schemes on top of the distributed control system, are discussed. This strategy contributes to better control by using data validation, by opportunely detecting measurement and operating problems and by consistently coordinating control actions in managing the local control loop setpoints. Examples based on the control systems developed for El Teniente and Salvador concentrators, from Codelco-Chile, are used to illustrate how to relax some of the constraints on the controllability of the process. (author)

  19. Design and Implementation of Real Time Remote Supervisory System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Mudit Goenka,

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In today’s fast growing communication environment and rapid exchange of data in networking field has triggered us to develop a home based remote supervisory monitoring system. In the present paper the physiological parameters of the patient such as body temperature, ECG, Pulse rate and Oxygen Saturation is displayed in MATLAB graphical user interface which is processed using ARM7 LPC2138. In case any emergency persist and parameters goes abnormal over the optimum level then a buzzer will ring to alert the caretaker. And the vital parameters will be displayed on the patient side computer and an automatic SMS will be sent to the doctor using GSM interface.

  20. Planning nature in urbanized countries. An analysis of monetary and non-monetary impacts of conservation policy scenarios in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sijtsma, Frans J; van der Bilt, Willem G M; van Hinsberg, Arjen; de Knegt, Bart; van der Heide, Martijn; Leneman, Hans; Verburg, René

    2017-03-01

    Planning and conserving nature areas are challenging tasks in urbanized and intensively used countries like the Netherlands. This paper supports decision making and public policy debate about these tasks in both an empirical and a methodological way. Empirically, we explore policy alternatives by determining the potential consequences of different nature policy scenarios in the Netherlands. Methodologically, we employ a mixed monetary and non-monetary evaluation method known as multi-criteria cost-benefit analysis (MCCBA). We evaluate four new future directions of Dutch nature policy that address four dominant stakeholder demands: biodiversity conservation, the provision of ecosystem services, recreational potential as well as economic gains. To balance compact presentation of evaluation outcomes on the one hand and information richness of results on the other, we distinguish between two impact indicator sets: three "headline" and ten "elaborate" indicators. Using these indicators we discuss the quantitative assessment of the four nature policy scenarios by comparing them to two other scenarios, reflecting the 2010 stand-still baseline situation (2010) as well as a reference policy (Trend). In total, we evaluate six scenarios; four present new directions and two reflect existing or recently (2010) halted practices. Our findings first of all show that even in an urbanized country like the Netherlands, with its intensive competition among land use functions, serious gains in national and international biodiversity are possible. Second, we find that it is doubtful whether stimulating the provision of regulating ecosystem services in a country which applies intensive and profitable agricultural techniques is beneficial. Other countries or areas that are less suitable for intensive agricultural practices may be more logical for this. Finally we demonstrate that increasing urban recreational green space - a common challenge for many urban areas - can only be achieved at

  1. Staying competitive with advanced technologies for closed loop supervisory control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radl, B.J.; Roland, W.B. [Pegasus Technologies Corp., Painesville, OH (United States); Kish, B. [Penn Power, New Castle, PA (United States)

    1996-05-01

    The following paper discusses the experience gained from installing a neural network-based supervisory control system for selected combustion parameters at Penn Power`s New Castle station. The primary goal of the program was to reduce NO{sub x} emissions, while maintaining or improving unit heat rate. The advanced technologies used to implement supervisory control include: Neural Networks, Genetic Algorithms, Pattern Recognition and Data Visualization. The program was jointly funded by Ohio Edison, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Pegasus Technologies Corporation, under a National Industrial Competitiveness through Energy, Environment and Economics (NICE) grant program. The system is installed on a 1950s vintage Babcock & Wilcox front-fired (four levels) drum unit with a gross generation capacity of 146 MW The program linked a Unix workstation, where the supervisory control system resides, with a Network 90 Digital Control System (DCS). The system uses a neural network-based nonlinear model of the combustion process to interactively adjust setpoints and bias settings in the DCS. The system performs many {open_quotes}what if{close_quotes} simulations to optimize setpoints for the current operating conditions. The neural network model is updated periodically, learning from the most recent data. New setpoints are generated accordingly and downloaded into the DCS. Setpoint and bias adjustments are constrained within the original control system limits. Conditioning algorithms were developed to handle the inherently {open_quote}noisy{close_quote} input data and to provide stable output recommendations. Test results and parameters used for combustion optimization are summarized in this paper.

  2. Supervisory turnover in outpatient substance abuse treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Danica K; Broome, Kirk M; Edwards, Jennifer R; Flynn, Patrick M

    2011-01-01

    Staff turnover is a significant issue within substance abuse treatment, with implications for service delivery and organizational health. This study examined factors associated with turnover among supervisors in outpatient substance abuse treatment. Turnover was conceptualized as being an individual response to organizational-level influences, and predictors represent aggregate program measures. Participants included 532 staff (including 467 counselors and 65 clinical/program directors) from 90 programs in four regions of the USA. Using logistic regression, analyses of structural factors indicated that programs affiliated with a parent organization and those providing more counseling hours to clients had higher turnover rates. When measures of job attitudes were included, only parent affiliation and collective appraisal of satisfaction were related to turnover. Subsequent analyses identified a trend toward increased supervisory turnover when satisfaction was low following the departure of a previous supervisor. These findings suggest that organizational-level factors can be influential in supervisory turnover.

  3. Supervisory Fertigation System Using Interactive Graphical Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fadhli Dzul Mohd Fauzi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Mostly, farmers spent most of their time to supervise wide area of planting and it exhausted. The objective of this project is to develop an advanced monitoring system. In this paper, an attempt has been made by using Interactive Graphical Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA System (IGSS software and Programmable Logic Controller (PLC which integrate with a fertigation system to solve the problem. The SCADA monitoring system is built based on Graphical User Interface (GUI by using IGSS software. As a result, the project is able to control and supervise the fertigation system prototype process smoothly. The project operates in two conditions which indicate the water level in tank and detect the humidity in the soil, thus the user can supervise their plant without perforce to the site of planting area. It can support two ways communication system, which is the main uniqueness and the special features of the project compared to today’s technology. The project can be improved by using the analog type device, where user can see a real time data on screen through supervised mode. The idea of making current project to online is also one of the improvements that can be made.

  4. Plant Modeling for Human Supervisory Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lind, Morten

    1999-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of multilevel flow modelling (MFM) and its application for design of displays for the supervisory control of industrial plant. The problem of designing the inforrrzatian content of sacpervisory displays is discussed and plant representations like MFM using levels...... is also provided by an analysis of the relations between levels of abstraction. It is also described how MFM supparts reazsonin about control actions by defining levels of intervention and by modal distinctions between function enablement and initiation....

  5. Network Security in Remote Supervisory Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄振国

    2001-01-01

    After an introduction to the implementation of supervisory computer control (SCC) through networks and the relevant security issues, this paper centers on the core of network security design: intelligent front-end processor (FEP), encryption/decryption method and authentication protocol. Some other system-specific security measures are also proposed. Although these are examples only, the techniques discussed can also be used in and provide reference for other remote control systems.

  6. 'Panoptic' accountability: Supervisory leaders and normalizing or resisting professionals

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kyu Tae Kim

    2010-01-01

    .... Also, the author used the terms 'panoptic accountability,' 'supervisory leaders,' 'normalizing professionals,' and 'resisting professionals' for explaining the changing roles and functions of leaders...

  7. 5 CFR 575.405 - Calculation and payment of supervisory differential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... differential. 575.405 Section 575.405 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS RECRUITMENT, RELOCATION, AND RETENTION INCENTIVES; SUPERVISORY DIFFERENTIALS; AND EXTENDED ASSIGNMENT INCENTIVES Supervisory Differentials § 575.405 Calculation and payment of supervisory...

  8. Fault-tolerant Supervisory Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Izadi-Zamanabadi, Roozbeh

    of this work has been to develop and employ concepts and methods that are suitable for use in different automation processes, with applicability in various industrial fields. The requirements for high productivity and quality has resulted in employing additional instrumentation and use of more sophisticated...... could be increased through enhancing control systems' ability to on-line perform fault detection and reconfiguration when a fault occurs and before a safety system shuts-down the entire process. The main contributions of this research effort are development and experimentation with methodologies......, is extended to cope with the important reconfiguration problem. In order to enable a designer to acquire knowledge about reconfiguration possibilities, the structural analysis method is added as an extension to the existing methodology. This extension builds upon the earlier method where fault propagation...

  9. [The Mechanism of Free-Floating Discussion in a Psychiatric/Mental Health Nursing Supervisory Group].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Hsien-Hsien

    2015-06-01

    Although the free-floating discussion format is widely used in group therapy, the application of this format in the context of supervisory groups has yet to be clarified. The purpose of this study was to explore the mechanisms involved in facilitating and learning the free-floating discussion format in a supervisory group. A phenomenological approach was used to investigate the group content and personal feedback of a psychiatric-nurse supervisory group. The group held on 12 sessions. Each session was conducted once weekly and lasting 150 minutes. The findings identified the functions of free-floating discussions in the context of supervisory groups as: embodied interaction and initiation by handling. Embodied interaction included: reflection on the experience of the other, sense of body, and present action. Initiation by handling included: facilitating the self-narrative, following the lead of the group, and reflecting in accordance with the group. The role of the facilitator is to parallel process rather than to lead in order to produce practical wisdom. Free-floating discussion and self-evidence from initiation by handling has the potential to promote spontaneity, creativity, and self-confidence in clinical practice and to promote deep learning.

  10. Board of Directors or Supervisory Board

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2009-01-01

    The article analyses the legal consequences of the choice now available to Danish public limited companies, which can now opt for a two-tier management structure, in which the management board undertakes both the day-to-day and the overall management, while a supervisory board exercises control...... over the management board, including its appointment and dismissal. The article considers which companies a two-tier structure may be relevant for, and reviews the consequences for the composition, election and functioning of the company organs....

  11. Adaptive supervisory control of remote manipulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrell, W. R.

    1977-01-01

    The command language by which an operator exerts supervisory control over a general purpose remote manipulator should be designed to accommodate certain characteristics of human performance if there is to be effective communication between the operator and the machine. Some of the ways in which people formulate tasks, use language, learn and make errors are discussed and design implications are drawn. A general approach to command language design is suggested, based on the notion matching the operator's current task schema or context by appropriate program structures or 'frames' in the machine.

  12. Metric Selection for Evaluation of Human Supervisory Control Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    Conceptual model of human-supervisory control (modified from Pina , Cummings et al. (2008...42  4 LIST OF TABLES Table 1. Human supervisory control metric classes ( Pina , Donmez...literature in terms of human- autonomous vehicle interaction (Crandall & Cummings, 2007; Olsen & Goodrich, 2003; Pina , Cummings, Crandall, & Della Penna

  13. Investigating Supervisory Relationships and Therapeutic Alliances Using Structural Equation Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    DePue, Mary Kristina; Lambie, Glenn W.; Liu, Ren; Gonzalez, Jessica

    2016-01-01

    The authors used structural equation modeling to examine the contribution of supervisees' supervisory relationship levels to therapeutic alliance (TA) scores with their clients in practicum. Results showed that supervisory relationship scores positively contributed to the TA. Client and counselor ratings of the TA also differed.

  14. 5 CFR 532.261 - Special wage schedules for leader and supervisory schedules for leader and supervisory wage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... wage schedule adjustment. The WS-19 rate shall include any cost of living allowance payable for the... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Special wage schedules for leader and supervisory schedules for leader and supervisory wage employees in the Puerto Rico wage area. 532.261 Section...

  15. Perceptions of Administrative and Supervisory Support in Public Child Welfare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonya M. Westbrook

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Using the Child Welfare Organizational Culture Inventory (CWOCI in a public child welfare agency, perceptions of administrative and supervisory support held by employees with social work degrees (BSW and MSW were compared to perceptions of administrative and supervisory support held by employees without social work degrees. Child welfare employees with social work degrees reported lower administrative and supervisory support than employees without social work degrees. Implications for social work educators, public child welfare administrators and supervisors, and future research are presented.

  16. Application of optimal control principles to describe the supervisory control behavior of AAA crew members

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, C.; Valentino, G. J.

    1982-01-01

    Supervisory decision making and control behavior within a C(3) oriented, ground based weapon system is being studied. The program involves empirical investigation of the sequence of control strategies used during engagement of aircraft targets. An engagement is conceptually divided into several stages which include initial information processing activity, tracking, and ongoing adaptive control decisions. Following a brief description of model parameters, two experiments which served as initial investigation into the accuracy of assumptions regarding the importance of situation assessment in procedure selection are outlined. Preliminary analysis of the results upheld the validity of the assumptions regarding strategic information processing and cue-criterion relationship learning. These results indicate that this model structure should be useful in studies of supervisory decision behavior.

  17. Autonomous Supervisory Engine for Multi-Spacecraft Formation Flying Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The overall goal of this project is to develop an onboard, autonomous Multi-spacecraft Supervisory Engine (MSE) for formation-flying guidance, navigation and control...

  18. Independent supervisory authorities: a fragile concept-draft

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lavrijssen, S.; Ottow, A.

    2012-01-01

    This article highlights the development of the legal (de jure) independence requirements of national and European supervisory authorities in European law. The European legislator recently strengthened the legal and political independence of national supervisors in the telecommunications and energy s

  19. Supervisory Monitoring of Workplace at CIAE in 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    1 Introduction Based on The Routine Monitoring Programme for Workplace at CIAE in 2011 which approved by Division of Safe and Environmental Protection, a management sector of China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE), supervisory monitoring of

  20. Self-Disclosure as a Predictor of EAP Supervisory Utilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donohoe, Timothy L.; Johnson, James T.; Taquino, Maurice A.

    1999-01-01

    The value of Employee Assistance Programs (EAPS) has been cited in a variety of published papers and articles. An important managerial element relative to the assessment and referral of troubled employees has been supervisory training. There has been numerous studies highlighting the various factors and circumstances associated with supervisory behavior and EAP referrals. The inclusion of emotional awareness factors in EAP supervisory utilization has not been thoroughly investigated, although frequently found in the literature as a training and development objective for managers in business and education. The present study sought to determine what role supervisory denial and anxiety avoidance plays in confrontation of troubled employees and if admission of specific, internal emotional events is a characteristic among EAP utilizing supervisors.

  1. 5 CFR 575.406 - Adjustment or termination of supervisory differential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... differential. 575.406 Section 575.406 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS RECRUITMENT, RELOCATION, AND RETENTION INCENTIVES; SUPERVISORY DIFFERENTIALS; AND EXTENDED ASSIGNMENT INCENTIVES Supervisory Differentials § 575.406 Adjustment or termination of...

  2. Consultancy agreement between supervisory board members and the company whose activities they supervise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arsen Bačić

    2015-09-01

    Finally, the author explains when and why Art. 270. Companies act must be implemented on consultancy agreements between a supervisory board member and a dependent company, a supervisory board member and a member of the board of managers and on contracts between the company whose supervisory board member is a member and the public limited company they supervise. The research concludes that the domestic law has appropriately regulated consulting activity of supervisory board members.

  3. Scale Transformations and Information Presentation in Supervisory Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Johannes; May, Michael

    2006-01-01

    It is commonly accepted that designers of supervisory control systems cannot comprehensively anticipate operators' information needs. In order to compensate the lack between the information presented by the Supervisory control system and the information needed, operators tailor the information...... types proposed by Stevens. The scale type of data is determined by how values are assigned to the dimensions of the system being supervised and each scale type specifies a set of operations that can be legitimately applied to data oil this scale type. Based on the concept of scale transformation...

  4. 超控制权私人收益及其非货币性收益的度量%The study on the extra-private benefits of control and the measurement of it's non-monetary profits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    年荣伟

    2012-01-01

    股权分置改革以后,大股东与中小股东的利益趋于一致,但是关于大股东利用控制权来侵占中小股东利益的问题还是没有解决,特别是大股东控制权私人的非货币性收益的计量仍然缺乏相关的理论研究。本文把控制性大股东的超控制权私人收益分为可以货币化的和不能货币化的收益,并着重说明非货币化的收益如何进行度量,最后提出抑制超控制权私人收益的相关措施。%After the reform of non-tradable shares, the interest of the largest shareholder and minority shareholders gradually converge, but the problem--the "tunneling" behaviors of the largest sharehold- er-still has not been completely resolved. Especially, the measurement of non-monetary profits of the largest shareholder needs to be studied. This article tried to propose some measures to resolve these problems.

  5. 30 CFR 77.1703 - First-Aid training; supervisory employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false First-Aid training; supervisory employees. 77... UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Miscellaneous § 77.1703 First-Aid training; supervisory employees. The mine operator shall conduct first-aid training courses for selected supervisory employees at the mine. Within 60...

  6. 30 CFR 75.1713-3 - First-Aid training; supervisory employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false First-Aid training; supervisory employees. 75... First-Aid training; supervisory employees. The mine operator shall conduct first-aid training courses... supervisory employee to be so trained, the mine operator shall certify by signature and date the name of...

  7. Determinants of job stress and job satisfaction among supervisory and non-supervisory employees in a large Canadian teaching hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, J A; Woodward, C A; Shannon, H S; Cunningham, C E; Lendrum, B; McIntosh, J; Rosenbloom, D

    1999-01-01

    This article explores the extent to which hospital workers at a large teaching hospital at different managerial/supervisory levels (designated and non-designated supervisors, and non-supervisory staff), experienced job stress and job satisfaction prior to the re-engineering of hospital services. For all groups, increased levels of job demands were associated with higher levels of stress. Lower levels of decision latitude were associated with increased job stress for designated supervisors. Increasing levels of decision latitude were associated with both job stress and satisfaction for the other two groups. Co-worker support and teamwork contributed to increased job satisfaction for all groups.

  8. Organizational and Supervisory Apology Effectiveness: Apology Giving in Work Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisel, Ryan S.; Messersmith, Amber S.

    2012-01-01

    We synthesize the interdisciplinary literature into a heuristic for crafting effective organizational and supervisory apologies (the OOPS four-component apology). In the first experiment, we demonstrate how an offense committed by an organization is perceived to be more egregious than an offense committed by a friend or supervisor. Furthermore,…

  9. Commerce Supervisory Course: Discussion Guide. Theories of Supervision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCaw, Edward A.

    The contributions of Frederick W. Taylor, Henri Fayol and Elton Mayo to the development of current concepts of supervisory theory are outlined. Ten newer concepts of management, with graphics, provide the supervisor with an opportunity to formulate his own personal theory. Suggested bibliography for supervisors is given. (Author/NF)

  10. Training Directors' Perceptions about the Successful Implementation of Supervisory Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Paul

    1992-01-01

    In a sample of 285 (of 1,363) corporations, reports of supervisor reaction to supervisory training were assessed to measure program success. Results highlight the importance of training administrators' role in convincing supervisors and their superiors of the value of training before implementation. (SK)

  11. Managing Sexual Attraction in Counseling: Training and Supervisory Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapp, Lisa

    Sexual activity in psychotherapeutic and supervisory relationships breaches counseling ethical standards, some state legal codes, and is perceived as unethical by a majority of mental health practitioners. Many therapists do experience sexual feelings for their clients and supervisees, and an alarming number act out these feelings with clients,…

  12. Supervisory Control System Architecture for Advanced Small Modular Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cetiner, Sacit M [ORNL; Cole, Daniel L [University of Pittsburgh; Fugate, David L [ORNL; Kisner, Roger A [ORNL; Melin, Alexander M [ORNL; Muhlheim, Michael David [ORNL; Rao, Nageswara S [ORNL; Wood, Richard Thomas [ORNL

    2013-08-01

    This technical report was generated as a product of the Supervisory Control for Multi-Modular SMR Plants project within the Instrumentation, Control and Human-Machine Interface technology area under the Advanced Small Modular Reactor (SMR) Research and Development Program of the U.S. Department of Energy. The report documents the definition of strategies, functional elements, and the structural architecture of a supervisory control system for multi-modular advanced SMR (AdvSMR) plants. This research activity advances the state-of-the art by incorporating decision making into the supervisory control system architectural layers through the introduction of a tiered-plant system approach. The report provides a brief history of hierarchical functional architectures and the current state-of-the-art, describes a reference AdvSMR to show the dependencies between systems, presents a hierarchical structure for supervisory control, indicates the importance of understanding trip setpoints, applies a new theoretic approach for comparing architectures, identifies cyber security controls that should be addressed early in system design, and describes ongoing work to develop system requirements and hardware/software configurations.

  13. Investigating mentor teachers’ use and acquisition of supervisory skills:

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Crasborn, Frank; Hennissen, Paul; Korthagen, Fred; Brouwer, Niels

    2015-01-01

    The quality of mentoring in teacher education is an essential component of a powerful learning environment for teachers. There is no single approach to mentoring that will work in the same way for every teacher in each context. Nevertheless, most mentor teachers hardly vary their supervisory behavio

  14. Promoting versatililty in mentor teachers' use of supervisory skills

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Crasborn, Frank; Hennissen, Paul; Brouwer, Niels; Korthagen, Fred; Bergen, Theo

    2008-01-01

    Mentor teachers need a versatile supervisory skills repertoire. Besides taking the prevalent role of daily advisor and instructor, mentor teachers should also be able to stimulate reflection in student teachers. Video recordings were analyzed of 60 mentoring dialogues, both before and after a mentor

  15. Supervisory governance, the case of the Dutch Consumer Authority

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heldeweg, Michiel A.

    2006-01-01

    This article concerns the impact of the Regulation on consumer protection cooperation, especially with regard to the introduction of a public law supervisory authority, on the primarily civil law and self-regulatory Dutch concept of supervision and enforcement in consumer law. The response to this r

  16. The supervisory board report : Little insight about oversight

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.; Scheltema, M.A.

    2011-01-01

    This article investigates to what extent the report by the Supervisory Board (hereafter: the SB-report) provides the reader with useful information. We investigate this for sixty companies testing all requirements regarding the SB-report. First of all, we investigate whether the SB-report fulfils th

  17. Review of Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reva Nickelson; Briam Johnson; Ken Barnes

    2004-01-01

    A review using open source information was performed to obtain data related to Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems used to supervise and control domestic electric power generation, transmission, and distribution. This report provides the technical details for the types of systems used, system disposal, cyber and physical security measures, network connections, and a gap analysis of SCADA security holes.

  18. Model-driven Migration of Supervisory Machine Control Architectures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graaf, B.; Weber, S.; Van Deursen, A.

    2006-01-01

    Supervisory machine control is the high-level control in advanced manufacturing machines that is responsible for the coordination of manufacturing activities. Traditionally, the design of such control systems is based on finite state machines. An alternative, more flexible approach is based on

  19. An Ecological Approach to the Supervisory Control of UAV Swarms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fuchs, C.; Borst, C.; De Croon, G.C.H.E.; Van Paassen, M.M.; Mulder, M.

    2014-01-01

    This research employs ecological interface design to improve the human machine interface of an existing ground control station for the supervisory control of UAV swarms. As a case study, a general ground surveillance mission with four UAVs is envisioned. An analysis of the swarming work domain is pe

  20. GPS Real-Time Supervisory System and Application in the Construction of Face Rockfill Dam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Shengxiang; LIU Jingnan; ZENG Huai'en

    2005-01-01

    According to the quality control needs of filling construction of the face rockfill dam, by means of the global satellite positioning technology, the wireless data communication technology, the computer technology and the data processing and analysis technology, and integrating with the roller compaction machine, the GPS real-time supervisory system is developed in this paper. It can be used to real-timely supervise the construction quality of the roller compaction for filling engineering. The composition and applied characteristics of GPS system, and the key technique problem and solution of the design are discussed. The height accuracy of GPS system is analyzed and the preliminary application is introduced.

  1. Technology solutions to support supervisory activities and also to provide information access to the society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paladini, D.; Mello, A. B.

    2016-07-01

    Inmetro's data about the conformity of certificated products, process and services are, usually, displayed at fragmented databases of difficult access for several reasons, for instance, the lack of computational solutions which allow this kind of access to its users. A discussion about some of the technological solutions to support supervisory activities by the appropriate regulatory bodies and also to provide information access to society in general is herein presented, along with a theoretical explanation of the pros and cons of such technologies to the conclusion that a mobile platform seems to be the best tool for the requirements of Inmetro.

  2. Adaptive control with an expert system based supervisory level. Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Gerald A.

    1991-01-01

    Adaptive control is presently one of the methods available which may be used to control plants with poorly modelled dynamics or time varying dynamics. Although many variations of adaptive controllers exist, a common characteristic of all adaptive control schemes, is that input/output measurements from the plant are used to adjust a control law in an on-line fashion. Ideally the adjustment mechanism of the adaptive controller is able to learn enough about the dynamics of the plant from input/output measurements to effectively control the plant. In practice, problems such as measurement noise, controller saturation, and incorrect model order, to name a few, may prevent proper adjustment of the controller and poor performance or instability result. In this work we set out to avoid the inadequacies of procedurally implemented safety nets, by introducing a two level control scheme in which an expert system based 'supervisor' at the upper level provides all the safety net functions for an adaptive controller at the lower level. The expert system is based on a shell called IPEX, (Interactive Process EXpert), that we developed specifically for the diagnosis and treatment of dynamic systems. Some of the more important functions that the IPEX system provides are: (1) temporal reasoning; (2) planning of diagnostic activities; and (3) interactive diagnosis. Also, because knowledge and control logic are separate, the incorporation of new diagnostic and treatment knowledge is relatively simple. We note that the flexibility available in the system to express diagnostic and treatment knowledge, allows much greater functionality than could ever be reasonably expected from procedural implementations of safety nets. The remainder of this chapter is divided into three sections. In section 1.1 we give a detailed review of the literature in the area of supervisory systems for adaptive controllers. In particular, we describe the evolution of safety nets from simple ad hoc techniques, up

  3. A Fuzzy Logic Based Supervisory Hierarchical Control Scheme for Real Time Pressure Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    N.Kanagaraj; P.Sivashanmugam; S.Paramasivam

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes a supervisory hierarchical fuzzy controller (SHFC) for regulating pressure in a real-time pilot pressure control system.The input scaling factor tuning of a direct expert controller is made using the error and process input parameters in a closed loop system in order to obtain better controller performance for set-point change and load disturbances.This on-line tuning method reduces operator involvement and enhances the controller performance to a wide operating range.The hierarchical control scheme consists of an intelligent upper level supervisory fuzzy controller and a lower level direct fuzzy controller.The upper level controller provides a mechanism to the main goal of the system and the lower level controller delivers the solutions to a particular situation. The control algorithm for the proposed scheme has been developed and tested using an ARM7 microcontroller-based embedded target board for a nonlinear pressure process having dead time.To demonstrate the effectiveness,the results of the proposed hierarchical controller,fuzzy controller and conventional proportional-integral (PI) controller are analyzed.The results prove that the SHFC performance is better in terms of stability and robustness than the conventional control methods.

  4. Development of a supervisory skills course for hospital pharmacy workplaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woloschuk, Donna M M; Raymond, Colette B

    2010-07-01

    Many Canadian hospital pharmacies are experiencing difficulties recruiting supervisory personnel. It was expected that, through a "learning-by-doing" course, pharmacy staff would learn to apply basic skills in the day-to-day supervision of pharmacy operations and human resources and to apply the principles of supervisory documentation. A supervisory skills course targeted to pharmacy staff members was developed and implemented by the pharmacy department of a large urban health region. The course was initially offered to practising pharmacy technicians. The course design emphasized a constructivist framework incorporating authentic learning and reflective practice during seminars, with experiential and self-directed learning in the workplace. Preceptors assisted learners to achieve the course goals. Learners and preceptors provided feedback about hours spent (as the course progressed) and about their satisfaction with the course itself (at the end of the course). Learners and preceptors completed a post-program evaluation 2 months after completing the course to help in the assessment of the transfer of learning (lasting impact) associated with the course. Overall performance in the course was assessed on a pass/fail basis. Eighteen pharmacy technicians were admitted to the program, but one withdrew because of a job change. All learners successfully completed the course. Two months after the course, learners and preceptors described enhanced organization, time management, leadership, communication, and conflict-resolution skills on the part of learners, as well as their increased confidence, maturity, and ability to supervise staff. Learners' evaluations revealed a broadened perspective of pharmacy. The preceptors valued the enhancement of learners' skills and their increased enthusiasm. At the time of writing, 6 of the participants had secured supervisory positions. Creating formal instruction that engages pharmacy staff to pursue management positions is challenging

  5. Optimal Discrete Event Supervisory Control of Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litt, Jonathan (Technical Monitor); Ray, Asok

    2004-01-01

    This report presents an application of the recently developed theory of optimal Discrete Event Supervisory (DES) control that is based on a signed real measure of regular languages. The DES control techniques are validated on an aircraft gas turbine engine simulation test bed. The test bed is implemented on a networked computer system in which two computers operate in the client-server mode. Several DES controllers have been tested for engine performance and reliability.

  6. Ubiquitous Supervisory System Based on Social Contexts Using Ontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satoru Izumi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available As described in this paper, we propose a supervisory system that considers actual situations and social aspects of users in a ubiquitous computing environment. To realize gentle and safe supervision while providing efficient supervisory services, the system must recognize the situations of a watched person, such as the person's physical condition. To achieve this, we have proposed a ubiquitous supervisory system "uEyes", which introduces Social Context Awareness: a distinguishing feature for supervision. Using this feature, the system can combine environmental information acquired from sensors in the real world and common-sense knowledge related to human activities in daily life. As described in this paper, we specifically examine design of Social Context Awareness using ontology technologies. Based on this advanced feature, a live video streaming system is configured autonomously depending on the users' circumstances in runtime. We implemented a uEyes prototype for supervising elderly people and performed some experiments based on several scenarios. Based on those experimental results, we confirmed that the social contexts are handled effectively to support the supervision.

  7. Three key regions for supervisory attentional control: Evidence from neuroimaging meta-analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cieslik, Edna C.; Mueller, Veronika I.; Eickhoff, Claudia R.; Langner, Robert; Eickhoff, Simon B.

    2014-01-01

    The supervisory attentional system has been proposed to mediate non-routine, goal-oriented behaviour by guiding the selection and maintenance of the goal-relevant task schema. Here, we aimed to delineate the brain regions that mediate these high-level control processes via neuroimaging meta-analysis. In particular, we investigated the core neural correlates of a wide range of tasks requiring supervisory control for the suppression of a routine action in favour of another, non-routine one. Our sample comprised n = 173 experiments employing go/no-go, stop-signal, Stroop or spatial interference tasks. Consistent convergence across all four paradigm classes was restricted to right anterior insula and inferior frontal junction, with anterior midcingulate cortex and pre-supplementary motor area being consistently involved in all but the go/no-go task. Taken together with lesion studies in patients, our findings suggest that the controlled activation and maintenance of adequate task schemata relies, across paradigms, on a right-dominant midcingulo-insular-inferior frontal core network. This also implies that the role of other prefrontal and parietal regions may be less domain-general than previously thought. PMID:25446951

  8. Predictive models of procedural human supervisory control behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boussemart, Yves

    Human supervisory control systems are characterized by the computer-mediated nature of the interactions between one or more operators and a given task. Nuclear power plants, air traffic management and unmanned vehicles operations are examples of such systems. In this context, the role of the operators is typically highly proceduralized due to the time and mission-critical nature of the tasks. Therefore, the ability to continuously monitor operator behavior so as to detect and predict anomalous situations is a critical safeguard for proper system operation. In particular, such models can help support the decision J]l8king process of a supervisor of a team of operators by providing alerts when likely anomalous behaviors are detected By exploiting the operator behavioral patterns which are typically reinforced through standard operating procedures, this thesis proposes a methodology that uses statistical learning techniques in order to detect and predict anomalous operator conditions. More specifically, the proposed methodology relies on hidden Markov models (HMMs) and hidden semi-Markov models (HSMMs) to generate predictive models of unmanned vehicle systems operators. Through the exploration of the resulting HMMs in two distinct single operator scenarios, the methodology presented in this thesis is validated and shown to provide models capable of reliably predicting operator behavior. In addition, the use of HSMMs on the same data scenarios provides the temporal component of the predictions missing from the HMMs. The final step of this work is to examine how the proposed methodology scales to more complex scenarios involving teams of operators. Adopting a holistic team modeling approach, both HMMs and HSMMs are learned based on two team-based data sets. The results show that the HSMMs can provide valuable timing information in the single operator case, whereas HMMs tend to be more robust to increased team complexity. In addition, this thesis discusses the

  9. A Survey of Research in Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    Army Research Laboratory A Survey of Research in Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition ( SCADA ) by Sidney C Smith ARL-TR-7093 September 2014...Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005-5067 ARL-TR-7093 September 2014 A Survey of Research in Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition ( SCADA ) Sidney C...A Survey of Research in Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition ( SCADA ) ARL-TR-7093 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. August

  10. Behavioral Outcomes of Supervisory Education in the Association for Clinical Pastoral Education: A Qualitative Research Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ragsdale, Judith R; Orme-Rogers, Charles; Bush, Johnny C; Stowman, Sheryl Lyndes; Seeger, Rodney W

    2016-03-01

    This study advances the work of developing a theory for educating Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE) Supervisors by describing the behaviors which result from the successful completion of CPE supervisory education. Twenty-eight Association for Clinical Pastoral Education (ACPE) Certification Commissioners were interviewed to identify the behaviors demonstrated by Supervisory Education Students (Candidates) which influenced the decision to certify them at the level of Associate Supervisor. Specific behavioral descriptors are listed for each ACPE supervisory competency.

  11. Perancangan Sistem Pemantauan Pengendali Suhu pada Stirred Tank Heater menggunakan Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ike Bayusari

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses design of a suhue control monitoring system in stirred tank heater system that has an important function in industrial processes. Monitoring of suhue control system in stirred tank heater is designed using Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA that control function of industrial processes. While the actuator to be controlled is the position of burner openings, so that the heat can be adjusted to meet a predetermined set-point. The suhue controller that is also used as a Remote Terminal Unit (RTU is Programmable Logic Controller (PLC. The testing result showed on SCADA system was quite good, where the average percentage of deviation for testing of set-point data was 0.76687%, and the percentage of deviation for testing of suhue data was 0.082%.

  12. Personal Development Planning as a means to strengthen supervisory relationships in doctoral education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kobayashi, Sofie; Grout, Brian William Wilson; Rump, Camilla Østerberg

    . In an introduction course for new PhD students at the University of Copenhagen participants are required to share their personal development plan with their supervisor, and our analysis of reflective notes reveal how this can contribute to a better working relationship....... of ‘closeness’ building a robust and trustful relationship has been the topic of research in only a few studies. While personal development planning is used extensively in higher education in the UK to strengthen the learning process of students, this study documents another potent use of the tool......Higher education literature describes the relationship between doctoral students and their supervisors from different perspectives, usually referring to the power relations between the two and advocating for the importance of clarifying expectations of the supervisory process. The dimension...

  13. Pareto Efficient Policy for Supervisory Power Management Control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    n this paper we address the problem of online optimization of the supervisory power management control in parallel hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). We model HEV opera- tion as a controlled Markov chain using the long-run expected average cost per unit time criterion, and we show that the control policy yielding the Pareto optimal solution minimizes the average cost criterion online. The effectiveness of the proposed solution is validated through simulation and compared to the solution derived with dynamic programming using the average cost criterion.

  14. 12 CFR 715.7 - Supervisory Committee audit alternatives to a financial statement audit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Supervisory Committee audit alternatives to a financial statement audit. 715.7 Section 715.7 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE AUDITS AND VERIFICATIONS § 715.7...

  15. 12 CFR 715.4 - Audit responsibility of the Supervisory Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audit responsibility of the Supervisory Committee. 715.4 Section 715.4 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE AUDITS AND VERIFICATIONS § 715.4 Audit responsibility of...

  16. 12 CFR 715.3 - General responsibilities of the Supervisory Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General responsibilities of the Supervisory Committee. 715.3 Section 715.3 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE AUDITS AND VERIFICATIONS § 715.3 General responsibilities of...

  17. 18 CFR 12.4 - Staff administrative responsibility and supervisory authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... supervisory authority. (a) Administrative responsibility. The Director of the Office of Energy Projects... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Staff administrative responsibility and supervisory authority. 12.4 Section 12.4 Conservation of Power and Water Resources...

  18. 12 CFR 325.101 - Authority, purpose, scope, other supervisory authority, and disclosure of capital categories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act), as added by section 131 of the Federal Deposit Insurance.... Section 38 of the FDI Act establishes a framework of supervisory actions for insured depository... supervisory actions authorized under section 38 of the FDI Act. This subpart also establishes procedures...

  19. 12 CFR 565.1 - Authority, purpose, scope, other supervisory authority, and disclosure of capital categories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... pursuant to section 38 (section 38) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act) as added by section 131... (1991)) (12 U.S.C. 1831o). (b) Purpose. Section 38 of the FDI Act establishes a framework of supervisory... for determining the supervisory actions authorized under section 38 of the FDI Act. This part...

  20. 12 CFR 6.1 - Authority, purpose, scope, and other supervisory authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) pursuant to section 38 (section 38) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act) as added by section 131... (1991)) (12 U.S.C. 1831o). (b) Purpose. Section 38 of the FDI Act establishes a framework of supervisory... supervisory actions authorized under section 38 of the FDI Act. This part 6 also establishes procedures...

  1. The Application of the Distribution Supervisory system of Computer in Substation of 500 KV

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi,Xinbo; Chang,Wenping

    2005-01-01

    This paper put forward a kind of new supervisory system of computer - the distribution supervisory system of computer. The system is arranged through scattering, stratified control, which is developmental, and with powerful mutual operating ness etc. The practical experience of the system for three years in Huajia (Henan) indicated that the system is reliable,safety, real-time and economy.

  2. Impaired Job Performance and Critical Incidents: Factors Influencing Supervisory EAP Referrals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harley, David A.

    Relatively little empirical research has been done on the supervisory referral of employees to employee assistance programs (EAPs). Inclusion of constructive confrontation (supervisory referral) into program standards and its continued promotion as a "central strategy" of program theory and operation calls for critical investigation of…

  3. 29 CFR 1918.98 - Qualifications of machinery operators and supervisory training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... 12111-12117), the regulations implementing Title I (29 CFR Part 1630), and the Technical Assistance... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Qualifications of machinery operators and supervisory... General Working Conditions. § 1918.98 Qualifications of machinery operators and supervisory training....

  4. Supervisory guidance and behavioral integrity: relationships with employee citizenship and deviant behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dineen, Brian R; Lewicki, Roy J; Tomlinson, Edward C

    2006-05-01

    The authors examined the effects of supervisory guidance (providing instruction to employees) and behavioral integrity (a pattern of word-deed alignment) on employee organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and deviant behavior. Results revealed a pattern of Supervisory Guidance x Behavioral Integrity interaction effects, such that relationships between guidance and outcome variables were dependent on the level of behavioral integrity exhibited by supervisors. The interactions suggest a positive relationship between supervisory guidance and OCBs when behavioral integrity is high but also a positive relationship between guidance and deviant behavior when behavioral integrity is low. These results were consistent across 2 independent field samples: 1 assessing individual employee perceptions of supervisory behavior and the other assessing aggregate perceptions of supervisory behavior among employees in bank branches.

  5. Supervisory Feedback Efficiency: Developing a Framework Based on Iranian EFL Teachers’ and Supervisors’ Perceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Mehrpour

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Believing that providing EFL teachers with effective supervisory feedback during the post-observation conference is essential, researchers in the current study report on the views of Iranian EFL teachers and supervisors as to what constitutes effective supervisory feedback. Having conducted a qualitative content analysis of the data obtained from interviews with teachers and supervisors, researchers came up with a framework of the constituent elements of effective supervisory feedback, which includes 1 adopting a more creative approach 2 using above-the-utterance mitigation 3 gauging the teachers’ ZPD 4 being socioculturally sensitive 5 assessing the teachers’ beliefs and attitudes and 6 developing public relations. The results showed the teachers’ overall dissatisfaction with the present supervisory feedback. The paper concludes by suggestions to include supervisory training courses in the existing teacher development programs to better empower supervisors in their dealing with EFL supervisees throughout the country.

  6. Supervisory control of a pilot-scale cooling loop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kris Villez; Venkat Venkatasubramanian; Humberto Garcia

    2011-08-01

    We combine a previously developed strategy for Fault Detection and Identification (FDI) with a supervisory controller in closed loop. The combined method is applied to a model of a pilot-scale cooling loop of a nuclear plant, which includes Kalman filters and a model-based predictive controller as part of normal operation. The system has two valves available for flow control meaning that some redundancy is available. The FDI method is based on likelihood ratios for different fault scenarios which in turn are derived from the application of the Kalman filter. A previously introduced extension of the FDI method is used here to enable detection and identification of non-linear faults like stuck valve problems and proper accounting of the time of fault introduction. The supervisory control system is designed so to take different kinds of actions depending on the status of the fault diagnosis task and on the type of identified fault once diagnosis is complete. Some faults, like sensor bias and drift, are parametric in nature and can be adjusted without need for reconfiguration of the regulatory control system. Other faults, like a stuck valve problem, require reconfiguration of the regulatory control system. The whole strategy is demonstrated for several scenarios.

  7. Self-Tuning Linear Quadratic Supervisory Regulation of a Diesel Generator using Large-Signal State Estimation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Jesper Viese; Bendtsen, Jan Dimon; Andersen, Palle;

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, a self-tuning linear quadratic supervisory regulator using a large-signal state estimator for a diesel driven generator set is proposed. The regulator improves operational efficiency, in comparison to current implementations, by (i) automating the initial tuning process and (ii......) enabling automated retuning capabilities. Utilizing a first principles-based nonlinear model detailed in [1], the procedure is demonstrated through simulations after real system measurements have been used for parameter identification. The regulator is able to suppress load-induced variations successfully...... throughout the operating range of the diesel generator....

  8. Robust adaptive neural network control with supervisory controller

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张天平; 梅建东

    2004-01-01

    The problem of direct adaptive neural network control for a class of uncertain nonlinear systems with unknown constant control gain is studied in this paper. Based on the supervisory control strategy and the approximation capability of multilayer neural networks (MNNs), a novel design scheme of direct adaptive neural network controller is proposed.The adaptive law of the adjustable parameter vector and the matrix of weights in the neural networks and the gain of sliding mode control term to adaptively compensate for the residual and the approximation error of MNNs is determined by using a Lyapunov method. The approach does not require the optimal approximation error to be square-integrable or the supremum of the optimal approximation error to be known. By theoretical analysis, the closed-loop control system is proven to be globally stable in the sense that all signals involved are bounded, with tracking error converging to zero.Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach.

  9. Simulating Observer in Supervisory Control- A Domain-based Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Morteza Babamir

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available An Observer in the supervisory control observes responses of a discrete system to events of its environment and reports an unsafe/ critical situation if the response is undesired. An undesired response from the system indicates the system response does not adhere to users’ requirements of the system. Therefore, events and conditions of the system environment and user’s requirements of the system are basic elements to observer in determining correctness of the system response. However, the noteworthy matter is that the events, conditions, and requirements should be defined based on data of problem domain because discrete data are primary ingredients of the environment in discrete systems and they are used by system users as a gauge to express their requirements playing a vital role in safety-critical systems, such as medical and avionic ones. A large quantity of methods has already been proposed to model and simulate supervisory control of discrete systems however, a systematic method relying on data of problem domain is missing. Having extracted events, conditions, and user’s requirements from data of problem domain, a Petri-Net automaton is constructed for identifying violation of user’s requirements. The net constitutes the core of the observer and it is used to identify undesired responses of the system. In the third step, run-time simulation of the observer is suggested using multithreading mechanism and Task Parallel Library (TPL technology of Microsoft. Finally, a case study of a discrete concurrent system is proposed, the method applied and simulation results are analyzed based on the system implementation on a multi-core computer.

  10. Development and psychometric testing of the Supportive Supervisory Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGilton, Katherine S

    2010-06-01

    To describe the development and psychometric testing of the Supportive Supervisory Scale (SSS). The development of the items of the scale was based on Winnicott's relationship theory and on focus groups with 26 healthcare aides (HCAs) and 30 supervisors from six long-term care (LTC) facilities in Ontario, Canada. Content validity of the 15-item instrument was established by a panel of experts. Based on a secondary analysis of data collected from 222 HCAs in 10 LTC facilities in Ontario, Canada, the SSS was subjected to principal components analysis with oblique rotation. A two-factor solution was accepted, which is consistent with the theoretical conceptualization of the instrument. Factor I was labeled Respects Uniqueness and Factor II was labeled Being Reliable. Internal consistency of Factor I was .95, and that of Factor II was .91. Discriminant validity was also established. The focus groups revealed that "being available to staff" while "recognizing the HCA as an individual, and taking a moment to get to know them" was essential to feeling supported by their supervisor. The SSS is a reliable and valid measure of supervisory support of supervisors working in LTC facilities. At the core of supportive supervision is the supervisor's ability to develop and maintain positive relationships with each HCA. It is through respecting the uniqueness of each HCA and being reliable that supervisor-HCA relationships can flourish. Supportive leadership in LTC settings is a major contributor to HCAs' job satisfaction and retention and to quality of patient care. Therefore, a tool developed and tested to measure supervisors' supportive capacities in LTC is primal to evaluate the effectiveness of supervisors in these environments.

  11. The remote supervisory and controlling experiment system of traditional Chinese medicine production based on Fieldbus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Jinliang; Lu, Pei

    2006-11-01

    Since the quality of traditional Chinese medicine products are affected by raw material, machining and many other factors, it is difficult for traditional Chinese medicine production process especially the extracting process to ensure the steady and homogeneous quality. At the same time, there exist some quality control blind spots due to lacking on-line quality detection means. But if infrared spectrum analysis technology was used in traditional Chinese medicine production process on the basis of off-line analysis to real-time detect the quality of semi-manufactured goods and to be assisted by advanced automatic control technique, the steady and homogeneous quality can be obtained. It can be seen that the on-line detection of extracting process plays an important role in the development of Chinese patent medicines industry. In this paper, the design and implement of a traditional Chinese medicine extracting process monitoring experiment system which is based on PROFIBUS-DP field bus, OPC, and Internet technology is introduced. The system integrates intelligence node which gathering data, superior sub-system which achieving figure configuration and remote supervisory, during the process of traditional Chinese medicine production, monitors the temperature parameter, pressure parameter, quality parameter etc. And it can be controlled by the remote nodes in the VPN (Visual Private Network). Experiment and application do have proved that the system can reach the anticipation effect fully, and with the merits of operational stability, real-time, reliable, convenient and simple manipulation and so on.

  12. SUPERVISORY CONTROL FOR PEAK REDUCTION IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS WHILE MAINTAINING COMFORT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nutaro, James J [ORNL; Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Kuruganti, Teja [ORNL

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a supervisory control strategy for limiting peak power demand by small and medium commercial buildings while still meeting the business needs of the occupants. This control strategy has two features that make it relevant to new and existing buildings. First, it is designed to operate with building equipment, such as air conditioning and refrigeration systems, as they are presently installed in most small and medium commercial buildings. Because of this, the supervisory control could be realized as a software-only retrofit to existing building management systems. Second, the proposed control acts as a supervisory management layer over existing control systems, rather than replacing them outright. The primary idea of this approach is that the controls for individual building equipment request energy resources for a control action and the supervisory control examines the requests and decides which control actions to allow while satisfying a limit on peak power demand.

  13. Design criteria and realization of a computerized supervisory system for nuclear applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maestri, F.; Mangiarotti, M.; Maciocco, G.

    1987-11-01

    This paper describes the design criteria and the realization modalities of a computerized supervisory system for nuclear applications. The man-machine interface design aspects for the Alto Lazio Nuclear Power Plant control room are discussed.

  14. Optimization of Fuzzy Logic Controller for Supervisory Power System Stabilizers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. A. Al-Turki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a powerful supervisory power system stabilizer (PSS using an adaptive fuzzy logic controller driven by an adaptive fuzzy set (AFS. The system under study consists of two synchronous generators, each fitted with a PSS, which are connected via double transmission lines. Different types of PSS-controller techniques are considered. The proposed genetic adaptive fuzzy logic controller (GAFLC-PSS, using 25 rules, is compared with a static fuzzy logic controller (SFLC driven by a fixed fuzzy set (FFS which has 49 rules. Both fuzzy logic controller (FLC algorithms utilize the speed error and its rate of change as an input vector. The adaptive FLC algorithm uses a genetic algorithmto tune the parameters of the fuzzy set of each PSS. The FLC’s are simulated and tested when the system is subjected to different disturbances under a wide range of operating points. The proposed GAFLC using AFS reduced the computational time of the FLC, where the number of rules is reduced from 49 to 25 rules. In addition, the proposed adaptive FLC driven by a genetic algorithm also reduced the complexity of the fuzzy model, while achieving a good dynamic response of the system under study.

  15. The Supervisory Relationship as an Arena for Ethical Problem Solving

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Löfström

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Doctoral supervision involves the analysis of situations and decision making, some of which include ethical perspectives. This research endeavoured to gain a better understanding of the nature of the ethical problems encountered by supervisors. We have interviewed fourteen supervisors in two disciplines: the natural sciences and the behavioural sciences. We have identified the ethical issues in light of five ethical principles, namely respect for autonomy, non maleficence, beneficence, justice, and fidelity. We have located the ethical issues within the supervisory activity in two locations: the dyadic supervisor-student relationship and the academic community. The study shows that supervisors encounter a plethora of ethical issues. Many of the supervisors were highly aware of the ethical challenges in supervision and actively worked to anticipate and prevent ethical problems. The supervisors described a number of sustainable solutions, but at the same time, ethical problems and malpractice were reported. This suggests that the complexities of ethics are not always evident to the actors themselves. We claim that in order to expose and scrutinize supervision practices, it is insufficient to analyse the ethical issues only on dyadic level. What appears to boil down to a dyadic relationship may in fact be indicative of the values, attitudes, norms, and practices of the community.

  16. Supervisory control of multiple robots in dynamic tasking environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jessie Y C; Barnes, Michael J

    2012-01-01

    A military targeting environment was simulated to examine the effects of an intelligent route-planning agent RoboLeader, which could support dynamic robot re-tasking based on battlefield developments, on the performance of robotics operators. We manipulated the level of assistance (LOAs) provided by RoboLeader as well as the presence of a visualisation tool that provided feedback to the participants on their primary task (target encapsulation) performance. Results showed that the participants' primary task benefited from RoboLeader on all LOAs conditions compared to manual performance; however, visualisation had little effect. Frequent video gamers demonstrated significantly better situation awareness of the mission environment than did infrequent gamers. Those participants with higher spatial ability performed better on a secondary target detection task than did those with lower spatial ability. Finally, participants' workload assessments were significantly lower when they were assisted by RoboLeader than when they performed the target entrapment task manually. Practitioner Summary: This study demonstrated the utility of an intelligent agent for enhancing robotics operators' supervisory control performance as well as reducing their workload during a complex urban scenario involving moving targets. The results furthered the understanding of the interplay among level-of-autonomy, multitasking performance and individual differences in military tasking environments.

  17. MANAGERIAL AND SUPERVISORY EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY IN PENNSYLVANIA (AND) SURVEY REPORT OF MANAGERIAL AND SUPERVISORY EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY IN PENNSYLVANIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DUBIN, SAMUEL S.; AND OTHERS

    TO DETERMINE TRAINING NEEDS OF MANAGERIAL AND SUPERVISORY PERSONNEL IN PENNSYLVANIA BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY AND TO RECOMMEND METHODS OF MEETING THESE NEEDS, 3,620 TOP AND MIDDLE MANAGERS AND FIRST-LINE SUPERVISORS FROM 250 COMPANIES COMPLETED QUESTIONNAIRES. DATA ON COURSES NEEDED, EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND AND PLANS, KIND OF UPDATING USED, EDUCATIONAL…

  18. The impact of supervision training on genetic counselor supervisory identity development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atzinger, Carrie L; Lewis, Kimberly; Martin, Lisa J; Yager, Geoffrey; Ramstetter, Catherine; Wusik, Katie

    2014-12-01

    Supervision is critical to the training of genetic counselors. Limited research exists on the influence of supervision training and experience on the development of genetic counseling supervisors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of supervision training in addition to supervisory and clinical experience on supervisory identity development, and the perceived confidence and competence supervisors have in their own supervisory skills. In addition, we explored genetic counselors' (N = 291) interest in and barriers to training as well as perspectives on requirements for supervisors. Results indicated clinical experience, supervision experience, and formal supervision training are positively associated with genetic counselors' supervisory identity development as measured by the Psychotherapy Supervisory Development Scale (PSDS) (p supervision experience and formal training (ρ = 0.42, p supervision training but noted lack of available training as a barrier. The majority of participants indicated that supervisors should be certified as genetic counselors, but there was no consensus on training requirements. Development of additional supervision training opportunities for genetic counselors should be considered.

  19. Liveness Problem of Petri Nets Supervisory Control Theory for Discrete Event Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-Ye SU; Wei-Min WU; Jian CHU

    2005-01-01

    A quite great progress of the supervisory control theory for discrete event systems (DES)has been made in the past nearly twenty years, and now, automata, formal language and Petri nets become the main research tools. This paper focus on the Petri nets based supervisory control theory of DES. Firstly, we review the research results in this field, and claim that there generally exists a problem in Petri nets based supervisory control theory of DES, that is, the deadlock caused by the controller introduced to enforce the given specification occurs in the closed-loop systems, especially the deadlock occurs in the closed-loop system in which the original plant is live. Finally, a possible research direction is presented for the solution of this problem.

  20. Multimodal user input to supervisory control systems - Voice-augmented keyboard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Christine M.; Forren, Michelle G.

    1987-01-01

    The use of a voice-augmented keyboard input modality is evaluated in a supervisory control application. An implementation of voice recognition technology in supervisory control is proposed: voice is used to request display pages, while the keyboard is used to input system reconfiguration commands. Twenty participants controlled GT-MSOCC, a high-fidelity simulation of the operator interface to a NASA ground control system, via a workstation equipped with either a single keyboard or a voice-augmented keyboard. Experimental results showed that in all cases where significant performance differences occurred, performance with the voice-augmented keyboard modality was inferior to and had greater variance than the keyboard-only modality. These results suggest that current moderately priced voice recognition systems are an inappropriate human-computer interaction technology in supervisory control systems.

  1. 30 CFR 77.1705 - First aid training program; retraining of supervisory employees; availability to all miners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... training program; retraining of supervisory employees; availability to all miners. Beginning January 1... calendar year for all selected supervisory employees and make available refresher first aid training... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false First aid training program; retraining...

  2. 76 FR 22662 - Notice of Intent To Apply Certain Supervisory Guidance to Savings and Loan Holding Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-22

    ... supervisory program that are particularly critical to the effective evaluation of the consolidated condition... monitoring,\\2\\ discovery reviews,\\3\\ and testing) vary across portfolios of institutions based on size... integrate each SLHC into existing programs that align institutions with various supervisory portfolios...

  3. 5 CFR 532.253 - Special rates or rate ranges for leader, supervisory, and production facilitating positions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Special rates or rate ranges for leader....253 Special rates or rate ranges for leader, supervisory, and production facilitating positions. (a... shall establish special rates for leader, supervisory, and production facilitating positions,...

  4. Systemic-Developmental Supervision: Clinical Supervisory Approach for Family Counseling Student Interns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Ryan G.; Lambie, Glenn W.

    2012-01-01

    Supervision models for marriage and family counseling student interns primarily focus on the use of traditional systemic techniques. In addition, a supervisee's level of development may not be considered when utilizing systemic tools. Furthermore, the supervisory relationship has been identified as a significant indicator of quality supervision,…

  5. Supervisory Responsiveness and Employee Self-Perceived Status and Voice Behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, Onne; Gao, Liping

    2015-01-01

    We investigated the role of employees' status appraisals within their work group in relation to their challenging-promotive voice behavior. We argued that fair and respectful treatment of their voice input by the authority figure of the group (i.e., supervisory responsiveness) enhances employees' se

  6. Development of an Automated Decision-Making Tool for Supervisory Control System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cetiner, Sacit M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Muhlheim, Michael David [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Flanagan, George F. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Fugate, David L. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Kisner, Roger A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2014-09-01

    This technical report was generated as a product of the Supervisory Control for Multi-Modular Small Modular Reactor (SMR) Plants project within the Instrumentation, Control and Human-Machine Interface technology area under the Advanced Small Modular Reactor (AdvSMR) Research and Development Program of the US Department of Energy. The report documents the definition of strategies, functional elements, and the structural architecture of a supervisory control system for multi-modular AdvSMR plants. This research activity advances the state of the art by incorporating real-time, probabilistic-based decision-making into the supervisory control system architectural layers through the introduction of a tiered-plant system approach. The report provides background information on the state of the art of automated decision-making, including the description of existing methodologies. It then presents a description of a generalized decision-making framework, upon which the supervisory control decision-making algorithm is based. The probabilistic portion of automated decision-making is demonstrated through a simple hydraulic loop example.

  7. Supervisory arrangements, LOLR and crisis management in a single European banking market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boot, A.W.A.

    2006-01-01

    In this paper I discuss some key issues related to supervisory arrangements in the EMU countries, and particularly those relating to the LOLR structure and crisis management. The focus will be on the responsibilities and powers of individual countries (and national central banks) vis-à-vis those at

  8. 12 CFR 261.20 - Confidential supervisory information made available to supervised financial institutions and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... by the Board or the appropriate Federal Reserve Bank to the supervised financial institution. (b) Disclosure of confidential supervisory information by supervised financial institution—(1) Parent bank... financial institution, its parent bank holding company, or the officers, directors, and employees of...

  9. Supervisor Attachment, Supervisory Working Alliance, and Affect in Social Work Field Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Susanne; Mohr, Jonathan; Deal, Kathleen Holtz; Hwang, Jeongha

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study focused on interrelationships among supervisor attachment, supervisory working alliance, and supervision-related affect, plus the moderating effect of a field instructor training. Method: The researchers employed a pretest-posttest follow-up design of 100 randomly assigned field instructors and 64 students in two…

  10. Modular model-based supervisory controller design for wafer logistics in lithography machines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Der Sanden, B.; Reniers, M.; Geilen, M.; Basten, T.; Jacobs, J.; Voeten, J.; Schiffelers, R.

    2015-01-01

    Development of high-level supervisory controllers is an important challenge in the design of high-tech systems. It has become a significant issue due to increased complexity, combined with demands for verified quality, time to market, ease of development, and integration of new functionality. To

  11. 12 CFR 208.40 - Authority, purpose, scope, other supervisory authority, and disclosure of capital categories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... section 38 (section 38) of the FDI Act as added by section 131 of the Federal Deposit Insurance... determining the supervisory actions authorized under section 38 of the FDI Act. (Section 38 of the FDI Act... FDI Act and this subpart may be taken independently of, in conjunction with, or in addition to...

  12. Supervisory Responsiveness and Employee Self-Perceived Status and Voice Behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, Onne; Gao, Liping

    2015-01-01

    We investigated the role of employees' status appraisals within their work group in relation to their challenging-promotive voice behavior. We argued that fair and respectful treatment of their voice input by the authority figure of the group (i.e., supervisory responsiveness) enhances employees'

  13. [Legislative and legal security of supervisory activities in the sphere of protection of consumers' rights and human well-being].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rumiantsev, G I; Kutsenko, G I; Polesskiĭ, V A

    2007-01-01

    Sanitary legislation plays an important role in supervisory activities ensuring the protection of consumers' rights and human well-being. The paper considers the basic laws and standard acts allowing for legal regulation in this sphere of activities.

  14. Organization structure as a moderator of the relationship between procedural justice, interactional justice, perceived organizational support, and supervisory trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambrose, Maureen L; Schminke, Marshall

    2003-04-01

    Organizational justice researchers recognize the important role organization context plays in justice perceptions, yet few studies systematically examine contextual variables. This article examines how 1 aspect of context--organizational structure--affects the relationship between justice perceptions and 2 types of social exchange relationships, organizational and supervisory. The authors suggest that under different structural conditions, procedural and interactional justice will play differentially important roles in determining the quality of organizational social exchange (as evidenced by perceived organizational support [POS]) and supervisory social exchange (as evidenced by supervisory trust). In particular, the authors hypothesized that the relationship between procedural justice and POS would be stronger in mechanistic organizations and that the relationship between interactional justice and supervisory trust would be stronger in organic organizations. The authors' results support these hypotheses.

  15. Mapping Out A GIS-Multidimensional Non- Monetary Poverty Index ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Michael

    2015-12-02

    Dec 2, 2015 ... Due to this, there exists a major problem of reaching the poor to address their specific needs. .... meaning, almost about half of Ghana's population is rural. ... of Poverty (A), the three dimensions of education, health and living ...

  16. Estimating the non-monetary burden of neurocysticercosis in Mexico.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachana Bhattarai

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis (NCC is a major public health problem in many developing countries where health education, sanitation, and meat inspection infrastructure are insufficient. The condition occurs when humans ingest eggs of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium, which then develop into larvae in the central nervous system. Although NCC is endemic in many areas of the world and is associated with considerable socio-economic losses, the burden of NCC remains largely unknown. This study provides the first estimate of disability adjusted life years (DALYs associated with NCC in Mexico. METHODS: DALYs lost for symptomatic cases of NCC in Mexico were estimated by incorporating morbidity and mortality due to NCC-associated epilepsy, and morbidity due to NCC-associated severe chronic headaches. Latin hypercube sampling methods were employed to sample the distributions of uncertain parameters and to estimate 95% credible regions (95% CRs. FINDINGS: In Mexico, 144,433 and 98,520 individuals are estimated to suffer from NCC-associated epilepsy and NCC-associated severe chronic headaches, respectively. A total of 25,341 (95% CR: 12,569-46,640 DALYs were estimated to be lost due to these clinical manifestations, with 0.25 (95% CR: 0.12-0.46 DALY lost per 1,000 person-years of which 90% was due to NCC-associated epilepsy. CONCLUSION: This is the first estimate of DALYs associated with NCC in Mexico. However, this value is likely to be underestimated since only the clinical manifestations of epilepsy and severe chronic headaches were included. In addition, due to limited country specific data, some parameters used in the analysis were based on systematic reviews of the literature or primary research from other geographic locations. Even with these limitations, our estimates suggest that healthy years of life are being lost due to NCC in Mexico.

  17. Non-monetary benefit indicators for prioritizing wetlands restoration projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecological restoration of wetlands can reestablish ecosystem services that provide valuable social and environmental benefits. Explicitly characterizing these benefits can help managers better allocate scarce resources among potential restoration projects. Economic valuation stud...

  18. Monetary and Non-Monetary Remittances within Marginalized Migrating Families

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katerina JANKU

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I am using the research experience among Czech Roma families with the migration experience and taking a look on what is being exchanged between „those who went abroad“, and „those who stayed home“ and what can be the function and consequences of it.Sending money, things, ideas etc. back and forth is the mean of closing the range between people within family and thus it facilitates the formation of transnational social ties. As individual examples of those remittances are lying open in front of us, we can see how they are part of the strategic reproduction of the “trans-nationalized” family.Thus, I understand remittances in a broader sense than the economics does. I am proposing to aim not only on salary to be sent abroad to relatively poorer environments. There are not only monetary remittances, but also material, symbolic, social and emotional ones.

  19. Virtuality in human supervisory control: assessing the effects of psychological and social remoteness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanton, Neville A; Ashleigh, Melanie J; Roberts, Anthony D; Xu, Francis

    2003-10-10

    Virtuality would seem to offer certain advantages for human supervisory control. First, it could provide a physical analogue of the 'real world' environment. Second, it does not require control room engineers to be in the same place as each other. In order to investigate these issues, a low-fidelity simulation of an energy distribution network was developed. The main aims of the research were to assess some of the psychological concerns associated with virtual environments. First, it may result in the social isolation of the people, and it may have dramatic effects upon the nature of the work. Second, a direct physical correspondence with the 'real world' may not best support human supervisory control activities. Experimental teams were asked to control an energy distribution network. Measures of team performance, group identity and core job characteristics were taken. In general terms, the results showed that teams working in the same location performed better than teams who were remote from one another.

  20. Regime-based supervisory control to reduce power fluctuations from offshore wind power plants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barahona Garzón, Braulio; Cutululis, Nicolaos Antonio; Trombe, Pierre-Julien

    2013-01-01

    of production, hence revenue for the wind farm operator. On the other hand, progresses in short term forecasting, together with the increasing use of probabilistic forecasting can help in achieving efficient power fluctuations reduction with minimum lost production. Here we present supervisory control concepts...... that consider different wind power regimes to derive control setpoints by using a Markov-Switching AutoRegressive model. We evaluate the performance versus measured data in terms of power ramp characteristics and energy efficiency....

  1. Development of a First-of-a-Kind Deterministic Decision-Making Tool for Supervisory Control System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cetiner, Sacit M [ORNL; Kisner, Roger A [ORNL; Muhlheim, Michael David [ORNL; Fugate, David L [ORNL

    2015-07-01

    Decision-making is the process of identifying and choosing alternatives where each alternative offers a different approach or path to move from a given state or condition to a desired state or condition. The generation of consistent decisions requires that a structured, coherent process be defined, immediately leading to a decision-making framework. The overall objective of the generalized framework is for it to be adopted into an autonomous decision-making framework and tailored to specific requirements for various applications. In this context, automation is the use of computing resources to make decisions and implement a structured decision-making process with limited or no human intervention. The overriding goal of automation is to replace or supplement human decision makers with reconfigurable decision- making modules that can perform a given set of tasks reliably. Risk-informed decision making requires a probabilistic assessment of the likelihood of success given the status of the plant/systems and component health, and a deterministic assessment between plant operating parameters and reactor protection parameters to prevent unnecessary trips and challenges to plant safety systems. The implementation of the probabilistic portion of the decision-making engine of the proposed supervisory control system was detailed in previous milestone reports. Once the control options are identified and ranked based on the likelihood of success, the supervisory control system transmits the options to the deterministic portion of the platform. The deterministic multi-attribute decision-making framework uses variable sensor data (e.g., outlet temperature) and calculates where it is within the challenge state, its trajectory, and margin within the controllable domain using utility functions to evaluate current and projected plant state space for different control decisions. Metrics to be evaluated include stability, cost, time to complete (action), power level, etc. The

  2. Design of Multiregional Supervisory Fuzzy PID Control of pH Reactors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shebel AlSabbah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This work concerns designing multiregional supervisory fuzzy PID (Proportional-Integral-Derivative control for pH reactors. The proposed work focuses, mainly, on two themes. The first one is to propose a multiregional supervisory fuzzy-based cascade control structure. It would enable modifying dynamics and enhance system’s stability. The fuzzy system (master loop has been chosen as a tuner for PID controller (slave loop. It takes into consideration parameters uncertainties and reference tracking. The second theme concerns designing a hybrid neural network-based pH estimator. The proposed estimator would overcome the industrial drawbacks, that is, cost and size, found with conventional methods for pH measurement. The final end-user-interface (EUI front panel and the results that evaluate the performance of the supervisory fuzzy PID-based control system and hybrid NN-based estimator have been presented using the compatibility found between LabView and MatLab. They lead to conclude that the proposed algorithms are appropriate to systems nonlinearities encountered with pH reactors.

  3. Architecture Design and Performance Analysis of Supervisory Control System of Multiple UAVs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guozhong Zhang

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Although UAV systems are currently controlled by a group of people, in the future, increased automation could allow a single operator to supervise multiple UAVs. Operators will be involved in the mission planning, imagery analysis, weapon control, and contingency interventions. This study examines the architecture and prototype of multiple UAVs supervisory control system. Firstly, the architecture for testing and evaluating human supervisory system controlling multiple UAVs is devised and each sub-system is described in detail. Then a prototype test bed of multiple UAVs supervisory control for demonstrating architecture and adaptive levels of autonomy is built. Finally, with the test bed, the impact of dynamic role allocation on system performance is studied based on quantitative criteria of wait times and operator utilisation. It is shown by simulation that dynamic role allocation can effectively shorten wait times, and eventually improve the system performance.Defence Science Journal, Vol. 65, No. 2, March 2015, pp.93-98, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.65.5837

  4. A supervisory control approach in economic MPC design for refrigeration systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shafiei, Seyed Ehsan; Stoustrup, Jakob; Rasmussen, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    A model predictive control at the supervisory level is proposed for refrigeration systems using price and temperature predictions. The control objective is to minimize the overall energy cost within the prediction horizon. The method is mainly developed for demand-side management in the future sm...... to rearrange the problem to facilitate convex programming. A nonlinear continuous time model validated by real data is employed to simulate system operation. The results show a considerable economic saving as well as a trade-off between the saving level and design complexity.......A model predictive control at the supervisory level is proposed for refrigeration systems using price and temperature predictions. The control objective is to minimize the overall energy cost within the prediction horizon. The method is mainly developed for demand-side management in the future...... smart grid, but a simpler version can be applied in the current electricity market. Due to the system nonlinearity, the minimization is in general a complicated nonconvex optimization problem. A new supervisory control structure as well as an algorithmic pressure control scheme is put forward...

  5. Evaluation of Teachers. Manual for Administrative and Supervisory Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baltimore County Public Schools, Towson, MD.

    This manual is a collection of procedures and forms for use in the appraisal process for teachers in the Baltimore County Public Schools, Maryland. The appraisal process and who is responsible for it is listed in chart form. Next follows procedures for evaluation of teachers including definitions of professional, human relations, and management…

  6. Areva - Press release from the Supervisory Board; Areva - Communique de presse du Conseil de Surveillance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marie, Patricia; Briand, Pauline; Floquet-Daubigeon, Fleur; Michaut, Maxime; Scorbiac, Marie de; Repaire, Philippine du

    2012-02-14

    During its meeting held on December 12, 2011, devoted in particular to the examination of the 2011 closing estimates, the AREVA Executive Board indicated that it expected to book a provision of 1.46 billion euros (2.025 billion US dollars) in the company's accounts for fiscal year 2011 for impairment of assets for the reporting entity UraMin, a mining company acquired by AREVA in 2007, which, given the provision booked in 2010 (426 million euros), brings the value of these assets on the AREVA balance sheet down to 410 million euros. Given the size of these provisions, the Supervisory Board decided to make three of its members, meeting as an ad hoc committee, in charge of analyzing the terms of acquisition of this company, as well as the key decisions made in this reporting entity up to 2011 and, based on the outcome of these analyses, to recommend to it any appropriate measures in AREVA's interest. This committee reported on its work during the Supervisory Board meeting held on February 14, 2012. In light of this report, the Supervisory Board found that the fairness and reliability of the financial statements of previous years were not in question. Nevertheless, considering the malfunctions raised, the Board considers it appropriate to thoroughly review AREVA's governance in order to ensure that decisions concerning large acquisitions or investments be reviewed and validated in the future under conditions ensuring better legal and financial security and enabling a more transparent dialogue between management and the Supervisory Board. It thus asked the Executive Board to recommend, at the next General Meeting of Shareholders, that the by-laws of the company be modified to make the Supervisory Board's prior approval of investments, stake acquisitions and acquisitions mandatory above a threshold of 20 million euros. It also decided to set up a business ethics committee within the Supervisory Board responsible for ensuring that rules of conduct are

  7. An Adaptive Supervisory Sliding Fuzzy Cerebellar Model Articulation Controller for Sensorless Vector-Controlled Induction Motor Drive Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shun-Yuan Wang

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the implementation of an adaptive supervisory sliding fuzzy cerebellar model articulation controller (FCMAC in the speed sensorless vector control of an induction motor (IM drive system. The proposed adaptive supervisory sliding FCMAC comprised a supervisory controller, integral sliding surface, and an adaptive FCMAC. The integral sliding surface was employed to eliminate steady-state errors and enhance the responsiveness of the system. The adaptive FCMAC incorporated an FCMAC with a compensating controller to perform a desired control action. The proposed controller was derived using the Lyapunov approach, which guarantees learning-error convergence. The implementation of three intelligent control schemes—the adaptive supervisory sliding FCMAC, adaptive sliding FCMAC, and adaptive sliding CMAC—were experimentally investigated under various conditions in a realistic sensorless vector-controlled IM drive system. The root mean square error (RMSE was used as a performance index to evaluate the experimental results of each control scheme. The analysis results indicated that the proposed adaptive supervisory sliding FCMAC substantially improved the system performance compared with the other control schemes.

  8. Development of basic technology for instrumentation and control - Development of digital automatic supervisory limitation system and its design= validation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jung In; Chung, Sung Wook; Koh, Won Seok [Kyungwon University, Sungman (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Duk Young; Cheon, Sei Young [Kyunghee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang Kyung; Kim, Sung Hun [Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-07-01

    A major objective of the project is to develop a digital automatic supervisory limitation system and validate its design for the next generation= nuclear power plant. The limitation system assures that the plant does not exceed the operating limits by regulation the plant operations through on-line monitoring the operating margins of the critical parameters. A new conceptual model of power maneuverability has been proposed for the design of the limitation system and for its validation. Also, the limitation system monitors overall operation processes throughout a nuclear power plant by implementing hierarchical communication networks. Based on the conceptual design in software of the 1 st year results, the detailed design of the limitation system has been performed during the 2 nd year with constructing a prototype digital system. The system consists of the software module for plant simulation and the hardware module for implementation of limitation system and the associated interfaces in hardware. The limitation algorithm were implemented into the microprocessor and the interfaces were realized through the I/O modules. Also, these modules are incorporated into the communication networks. The products of the project could be directly applicable to the following nuclear unit adopting the limitation system, providing the bumpless transition to the commercial design phase. And the prototype evaluation scheme will be very useful for the succeeding studies related to the digital nuclear I and C fields, such as fault-tolerance design methods, software verification and validation and response time execution of digital systems. 69 refs., 3 tabs., 44 figs. (author)

  9. Development of basic technology for instrumentation and control - Development of digital automatic supervisory limitation system and its design= validation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jung In; Chung, Sung Wook; Koh, Won Seok [Kyungwon University, Sungman (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Duk Young; Cheon, Sei Young [Kyunghee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang Kyung; Kim, Sung Hun [Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-07-01

    A major objective of the project is to develop a digital automatic supervisory limitation system and validate its design for the next generation= nuclear power plant. The limitation system assures that the plant does not exceed the operating limits by regulation the plant operations through on-line monitoring the operating margins of the critical parameters. A new conceptual model of power maneuverability has been proposed for the design of the limitation system and for its validation. Also, the limitation system monitors overall operation processes throughout a nuclear power plant by implementing hierarchical communication networks. Based on the conceptual design in software of the 1 st year results, the detailed design of the limitation system has been performed during the 2 nd year with constructing a prototype digital system. The system consists of the software module for plant simulation and the hardware module for implementation of limitation system and the associated interfaces in hardware. The limitation algorithm were implemented into the microprocessor and the interfaces were realized through the I/O modules. Also, these modules are incorporated into the communication networks. The products of the project could be directly applicable to the following nuclear unit adopting the limitation system, providing the bumpless transition to the commercial design phase. And the prototype evaluation scheme will be very useful for the succeeding studies related to the digital nuclear I and C fields, such as fault-tolerance design methods, software verification and validation and response time execution of digital systems. 69 refs., 3 tabs., 44 figs. (author)

  10. Supervisory needs of research doctoral students in a university teaching hospital setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Patrina Hy; Oldmeadow, Wendy; Jones, Cheryl A

    2012-10-01

    Teaching hospitals affiliated with universities are now common sites for research higher degree supervision. We hypothesised that the hospital environment poses unique challenges to supervision compared with the traditional university research institute setting. This study aimed to identify and rank important supervision issues in a clinical setting from the students' perspective. Using the Delphi method to explore issues and facilitate consensus, small group discussions were conducted with 10 research doctoral students from a tertiary teaching hospital. We identified supervision issues that are unique to the hospital-based context. These include the demands placed on supervisors combining clinical and supervisory roles, the challenges of academic medical/scientific writing and career issues for students who are already established in their professions. Other issues identified, common to all doctoral students, include differing expectations between students and supervisors (with students wanting support for their career plans, training in research skills and increasing autonomy and responsibility), supervisor access, quality and frequency of meetings, lack of training in writing and dealing with conflicts. Our research identified that postgraduate students of supervisors who combine clinical and supervisory roles report significant issues with supervision, some of which are unique to the clinical setting. Clinician researchers who supervise postgraduate students need to balance clinical and supervisory responsibilities, identify and negotiate student expectations early in candidature and provide career counselling to students who are already highly experienced. Furthermore, clinician supervisors should undertake postgraduate supervisor training programme tailored to the hospital setting to better support their students. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2012 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of

  11. Evaluating the Impact of Communication Network Performance on Supervisory Supermarket Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Jacob Theilgaard; Minko, Tomasz; Madsen, Tatiana Kozlova

    2017-01-01

    This paper addresses the evaluation of the impact of non-ideal communication networks on system performance of hierarchical control systems. It develops a stepwise evaluation approach that is applied to the example scenario of a supervisory controller for supermarket temperature control, addressing...... of communication network performance on the supermarket refrigeration control and resulting energy costs using simulation models. The results show that the controller is resilient to downstream information delays, however upstream delays or up- and downstream information loss can cause significant performance...

  12. Idaho National Laboratory Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Intrusion Detection System (SCADA IDS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jared Verba; Michael Milvich

    2008-05-01

    Current Intrusion Detection System (IDS) technology is not suited to be widely deployed inside a Supervisory, Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) environment. Anomaly- and signature-based IDS technologies have developed methods to cover information technology-based networks activity and protocols effectively. However, these IDS technologies do not include the fine protocol granularity required to ensure network security inside an environment with weak protocols lacking authentication and encryption. By implementing a more specific and more intelligent packet inspection mechanism, tailored traffic flow analysis, and unique packet tampering detection, IDS technology developed specifically for SCADA environments can be deployed with confidence in detecting malicious activity.

  13. Towards energy efficient operation of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning systems via advanced supervisory control design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oswiecinska, A.; Hibbs, J.; Zajic, I.; Burnham, K. J.

    2015-11-01

    This paper presents conceptual control solution for reliable and energy efficient operation of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems used in large volume building applications, e.g. warehouse facilities or exhibition centres. Advanced two-level scalable control solution, designed to extend capabilities of the existing low-level control strategies via remote internet connection, is presented. The high-level, supervisory controller is based on Model Predictive Control (MPC) architecture, which is the state-of-the-art for indoor climate control systems. The innovative approach benefits from using passive heating and cooling control strategies for reducing the HVAC system operational costs, while ensuring that required environmental conditions are met.

  14. The Single Supervisory Mechanism: the Building Pillar of the European Banking Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Chiarella

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the lessons learned from the 2008 financial crisis is that when a bank in Europe goes into trouble the ensuing effects can reach far beyond the immediate threat to its depositors and shareholders. In particular, the crisis has revealed the extent to which irresponsible behavior in the banking sector could undermine the foundations of the financial system and threaten the real economy, turning a banking crisis into a sovereign debt crisis as occurred in the eurozone in 2011. In response to this lesson, Member States first tried to address the systemic fragility of their banking systems through national policy tools, but countries that share a common currency and are more interdependent required more integrated responses. Therefore, at the euro area summit in June 2012, the European Council agreed to break the vicious circle between banks and sovereign debt and decided to create a banking union that would allow a centralized supervision for banks in the euro area through a newly established Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM and a centralized resolution scheme. The SSM became operational in November 2014 and represents the building pillar of the banking union. The purpose of this paper is then to provide, after a brief description of the background (Par. 1, an analysis of the Single Supervisory Mechanism, illustrating its functioning (Par. 2, then focusing on the position and the powers of the ECB within it (Par. 3 and finally pointing out some remarks on the potential weaknesses of the new regime (Par. 4.

  15. Ownership balance, supervisory efficiency of independent directors and the quality of management earnings forecasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunling Song

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the Chinese securities market, with its characteristics of influence through personal relationships (Guanxi and underdeveloped standards of law and enforcement, can independent directors play the supervisory role expected by securities regulators? In this study we use the degree of precision and accuracy in corporate earnings forecasts as proxies for the quality of information disclosure by listed companies and examine the supervisory efficiency of independent directors with respect to information disclosure. Using data from 2007 to 2009, we find that in the absence of ownership balance, independent directors have a significant positive effect on the accuracy of management forecasts. In addition, the personal backgrounds of independent directors have specific effects on management earnings forecasts. Directors with certified public accountant (CPA expertise significantly improve the precision of management forecasts. However, directors with industrial expertise significantly reduce the precision of management forecasts. In other words, having directors with CPA expertise improves the independence of boards, but having independent directors with industrial expertise has the opposite effect.

  16. The structure and operation scheme of an automatic and supervisory control system for KEPCO UPFC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, S.J.; Lee, D.W.; Moon, S.I. [Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of). School of Electrical Engineering

    2007-07-01

    The structure and functions of a control system that can be used for automatic and supervisory control of a unified power flow controller (UPFC) was presented. A UPFC is a device used in power electronic based transmission to allow the independent control of active and reactive power flows as well as the simultaneous control of voltage profile. The Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) installed a {+-}80 MVA UPFC at the 154 kV Kangjin substation, operated in the Kangjin-Jangheung transmission line. The operation strategies used in both the normal state and emergency state were presented along with a scheme that includes the minimization of active power loss, coordination of voltage/Var control with an under load tap changer (ULTC), and better system security. Although this UPFC is operated by set-point control, it has some limitations, particularly in emergency events. In order to overcome the limitation of set-point control, this paper proposed the automatic and supervisory control system connected to a local SCADA for data exchange. The primary function of the system is to analyze the state of the power system, determine the control objectives and to calculate the optimal power flow. Details of each of these functions was described in this paper along with a detailed algorithm for each scheme. 5 refs., 6 figs.

  17. Ownership balance, supervisory efficiency of independent directors and the quality of management earnings forecasts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yunling; Song; Xinwei; Ji; Chi-Wen; Jevons; Lee

    2013-01-01

    In the Chinese securities market, with its characteristics of influence through personal relationships(Guanxi) and underdeveloped standards of law and enforcement, can independent directors play the supervisory role expected by securities regulators? In this study we use the degree of precision and accuracy in corporate earnings forecasts as proxies for the quality of information disclosure by listed companies and examine the supervisory efficiency of independent directors with respect to information disclosure. Using data from 2007to 2009, we find that in the absence of ownership balance, independent directors have a significant positive effect on the accuracy of management forecasts.In addition, the personal backgrounds of independent directors have specific effects on management earnings forecasts. Directors with certified public accountant(CPA) expertise significantly improve the precision of management forecasts. However, directors with industrial expertise significantly reduce the precision of management forecasts. In other words, having directors with CPA expertise improves the independence of boards, but having independent directors with industrial expertise has the opposite effect.

  18. An Effective Supervisory Model to Help MA English Students in the Process of Writing Their Thesis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rahmani Sangani, Hamid; Bassir, Seyed Iman; Jalali, Latifah

    2016-01-01

    Conducting a research project and writing up a thesis could be as nearly demanding as it is essential for MA students to achieve their academic goals, particularly in developing world contexts such as Iran...

  19. 77 FR 17055 - Intra-Agency Appeal Process: Guidelines for Appeals of Material Supervisory Determinations and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    ... Regional Office; and (b) A statement that the institution's board of directors has considered the merits of... the FDIC's Board of Directors; (4) a deputy or special assistant to the Consumer Financial Protection... Consumer Protection, or the Director of the Office of Complex Financial Institutions (``OCFI'')...

  20. 30 CFR 75.1713-5 - First-aid training program; retraining of supervisory employees; availability to all miners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... employees, and make available refresher first-aid training courses to all miners employed in the mine. ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false First-aid training program; retraining of supervisory employees; availability to all miners. 75.1713-5 Section 75.1713-5 Mineral Resources MINE...

  1. The Role of Supervisory Assistant Principals in District Change Initiatives within New York City Department of Education High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinlan, Robert James

    2015-01-01

    The onset of the first decade of the 21st century has seen many district change initiatives within the New York City Department of Education. Several of these district initiatives have been instructionally-based and thus have made the role of high school supervisory assistant principals integral in their successful implementation. The purpose of…

  2. 78 FR 47217 - Proposed Supervisory Guidance on Implementing Dodd-Frank Act Company-Run Stress Tests for Banking...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ... Company-Run Stress Tests for Banking Organizations With Total Consolidated Assets of More Than $10 Billion...'') stress tests, applicable to all bank and savings-and-loan holding companies, national banks, state-member... ``$10-50 billion companies''). The guidance discusses supervisory expectations for DFA stress...

  3. Influence of Gender on the Supervisory Relationship: A Review of the Empirical Research from 1996 to 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hindes, Yvonne L.; Andrews, Jac J. W.

    2011-01-01

    Twelve empirical studies published since 1996 regarding the effects of gender on the supervisory relationship are reviewed. Each study was reviewed and critiqued in relation to its methodology, research design, critical findings, and limitations. The results of these studies indicate that (a) gender influences the openness and affiliation one…

  4. Supervisory Styles and Graduate Student Creativity: The Mediating Roles of Creative Self-Efficacy and Intrinsic Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Jibao; He, Changqing; Liu, Hefu

    2017-01-01

    Based on social cognitive theory and leadership theory, the current study tests a theoretical model linking supervisory styles (i.e. supportive and directive) with graduate student creativity via psychological cognitive factors (specifically, creative self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation). Results from a sample of 216 graduate students of 1…

  5. Psychological contract breach in the anticipatory stage of change : Employee responses and the moderating role of supervisory informational justice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Ruiter, M.; Schalk, R.; Schaveling, Jaap; van Gelder, Daniel

    This study examined the impact of two types of psychological contract breach (organizational policies and social atmosphere breach) on resistance to change and engagement in the anticipatory phase of change and assessed whether supervisory informational justice mitigated the negative effects of

  6. Psychological contract breach in the anticipatory stage of change : Employee responses and the moderating role of supervisory informational justice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Ruiter, M.; Schaveling, J.; Schalk, R.; Gelder, van D.

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the impact of two types of psychological contract breach (organizational policies and social atmosphere breach) on resistance to change and engagement in the anticipatory phase of change and assessed whether supervisory informational justice mitigated the negative effects of

  7. Conventional and intelligent generalized supervisory control for combined cycle generating power stations.; Control supervisiorio generalizado convencional e inteligente para centrales de generacion de ciclo combinado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez M, Miguel A; Sanchez P, Marino [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico); Gonzalez Rubio S, Jose L [Cento Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo Tecnologico (Cenidet), Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    Under the expectations of expansion of electric power generation in Mexico, this work exposes the development of a conventional and intelligent generalized supervisory control (CSG) for a combined cycle generation power plant. This one allows to obtain the optimal operation of the power plant through the automatic starting of the generating units and to obtain the maximum possible amount of electrical power in automatic and safe form. For the development of the CSG a control loop by temperature was implemented for the gas turbine system and a control loop by strangled pressure for the gas turbine and a control loop by strangled pressure for the steam turbine. The design of these supervisory systems was made with base in the critical limits on the involved variables of the process: blading average temperature, for the gas turbine (GT) and strangled pressure for the steam turbine (ST) [Spanish] Bajo estas expectativas de expansion de generacion de energia en Mexico, este trabajo expone el desarrollo de un control supervisorio generalizado (CSG) para una central generacion de ciclo combinado. Este permite lograr la operacion optima de la planta a traves del arranque automatico de las unidades generadoras y obtener la maxima cantidad posible de potencia electrica en forma automatica y segura. Para el desarrollo del CSG se implanto un lazo de control por temperatura para el sistema de turbina de gas y un lazo de control por presion estrangulada para la turbina de gas y un lazo de control por presion estrangulada para la turbina de vapor. El diseno de estos sistemas supervisorio se realizo con base en los limites criticos de las variables del proceso involucradas: temperatura promedio de empaletado para la turbina de gas (TG) y presion estrangulada para la turbina de vapor (TV)

  8. POPEYE: A production rule-based model of multitask supervisory control (POPCORN)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, James T.; Kadlec, Helena; Kantowitz, Barry H.

    1988-01-01

    Recent studies of relationships between subjective ratings of mental workload, performance, and human operator and task characteristics have indicated that these relationships are quite complex. In order to study the various relationships and place subjective mental workload within a theoretical framework, we developed a production system model for the performance component of the complex supervisory task called POPCORN. The production system model is represented by a hierarchial structure of goals and subgoals, and the information flow is controlled by a set of condition-action rules. The implementation of this production system, called POPEYE, generates computer simulated data under different task difficulty conditions which are comparable to those of human operators performing the task. This model is the performance aspect of an overall dynamic psychological model which we are developing to examine and quantify relationships between performance and psychological aspects in a complex environment.

  9. CDP - Adaptive Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Technology for Infrastructure Protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marco Carvalho; Richard Ford

    2012-05-14

    Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Systems are a type of Industrial Control System characterized by the centralized (or hierarchical) monitoring and control of geographically dispersed assets. SCADA systems combine acquisition and network components to provide data gathering, transmission, and visualization for centralized monitoring and control. However these integrated capabilities, especially when built over legacy systems and protocols, generally result in vulnerabilities that can be exploited by attackers, with potentially disastrous consequences. Our research project proposal was to investigate new approaches for secure and survivable SCADA systems. In particular, we were interested in the resilience and adaptability of large-scale mission-critical monitoring and control infrastructures. Our research proposal was divided in two main tasks. The first task was centered on the design and investigation of algorithms for survivable SCADA systems and a prototype framework demonstration. The second task was centered on the characterization and demonstration of the proposed approach in illustrative scenarios (simulated or emulated).

  10. A computer simulation experiment of supervisory control of remote manipulation. M.S. Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mccandlish, S. G.

    1966-01-01

    A computer simulation of a remote manipulation task and a rate-controlled manipulator is described. Some low-level automatic decision making ability which could be used at the operator's discretion to augment his direct continuous control was built into the manipulator. Experiments were made on the effect of transmission delay, dynamic lag, and intermittent vision on human manipulative ability. Delay does not make remote manipulation impossible. Intermittent visual feedback, and the absence of rate information in the display presented to the operator do not seem to impair the operator's performance. A small-capacity visual feedback channel may be sufficient for remote manipulation tasks, or one channel might be time-shared between several operators. In other experiments the operator called in sequence various on-site automatic control programs of the machine, and thereby acted as a supervisor. The supervisory mode of operation has some advantages when the task to be performed is difficult for a human controlling directly.

  11. A Safe Supervisory Flight Control Scheme in the Presence of Constraints and Anomalies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franzè Giuseppe

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the hybrid supervisory control architecture developed by Famularo et al. (2011 for constrained control systems is adopted with the aim to improve safety in aircraft operations when critical events like command saturations or unpredicted anomalies occur. The capabilities of a low-computational demanding predictive scheme for the supervision of non-linear dynamical systems subject to sudden switchings amongst operating conditions and time-varying constraints are exploited in the flight control systems framework. The strategy is based on command governor ideas and is tailored to jointly take into account time-varying set-points/constraints. Unpredictable anomalies in the nominal plant behaviour, whose models fall in the category of time-varying constraints, can also be tolerated by the control scheme. In order to show the effectiveness of the proposed approach, simulations both on a high altitude performance demonstrator unmanned aircraft with redundant control surfaces and the P92 general aviation aircraft are discussed.

  12. Evaluation of participatory training in managing mental health for supervisory employees in the financial industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshikawa, Toru; Ogami, Ayumi; Muto, Takashi

    2013-12-01

    Industry-specific primary prevention measures for promoting mental health of workers were undertaken in 2008 and 2009 as a result of participatory training involving 130 supervisory employees in workplaces of the financial industry. These measures included the following five points suggested to be effective in the industry: 1) proper opportunities for training and career building, 2) control of work time and improving work organization, 3) standardization of tasks, 4) job rotation for sharing work responsibilities, and 5) increasing communication and mutual support. A post-training follow-up survey revealed that participatory, action-oriented training facilitated sharing of feasible measures and mutual support, leading to the development of measures easily introduced and established at each workplace. We concluded that mutually supportive group work of teams composed of members who held similar duty positions and were engaged in similar operations, using the Mental Health Action Checklist as a guiding tool, was effective for realizing implementation of optimally practical and specific measures.

  13. Fostering employee service creativity: Joint effects of customer empowering behaviors and supervisory empowering leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yuntao; Liao, Hui; Chuang, Aichia; Zhou, Jing; Campbell, Elizabeth M

    2015-09-01

    Integrating insights from the literature on customers' central role in service and the literature on employee creativity, we offer theoretical and empirical account of how and when customer empowering behaviors can motivate employee creativity during service encounters and, subsequently, influence customer satisfaction with service experience. Using multilevel, multisource, experience sampling data from 380 hairstylists matched with 3550 customers in 118 hair salons, we found that customer empowering behaviors were positively related to employee creativity and subsequent customer satisfaction via employee state promotion focus. Results also showed that empowering behaviors from different agents function synergistically in shaping employee creativity: supervisory empowering leadership strengthened the indirect effect of customer empowering behaviors on employee creativity via state promotion focus. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  14. The Impact of Supervisory Board Composition on CSR Reporting. Evidence from the German Two-Tier System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominik Dienes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Corporate social responsibility (CSR reporting is becoming increasingly relevant in light of modern corporate governance. There is growing activity among empirical research in one-tier systems that considers the link between board composition and CSR reporting. This study is the first of its kind on the German two-tier system with special regard for the supervisory board. We analyze gender diversity, expertise, the presence of former managers, frequency of meetings, and the size of the supervisory board. Our multiple regressions indicate that gender diversity has a positive impact on CSR disclosure intensity, which is in line with prior studies on one-tier systems. Our findings have implications for both users and public policy and suggest that current European corporate governance regulations could help to increase the decision usefulness of CSR reporting.

  15. A log mining approach for process monitoring in SCADA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hadziosmanovic, Dina; Bolzoni, Damiano; Hartel, Pieter

    2012-01-01

    SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems are used for controlling and monitoring industrial processes. We propose a methodology to systematically identify potential process-related threats in SCADA. Process-related threats take place when an attacker gains user access rights and perf

  16. A Log Mining Approach for Process Monitoring in SCADA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hadziosmanovic, D.; Bolzoni, D.; Hartel, Pieter H.

    2012-01-01

    SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems are used for controlling and monitoring industrial processes. We propose a methodology to systematically identify potential process-related threats in SCADA. Process-related threats take place when an attacker gains user access rights and perf

  17. Definition of a Robust Supervisory Control Scheme for Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ponciroli, R.; Passerini, S.; Vilim, R. B.

    2016-04-17

    In this work, an innovative control approach for metal-fueled Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors is proposed. With respect to the classical approach adopted for base-load Nuclear Power Plants, an alternative control strategy for operating the reactor at different power levels by respecting the system physical constraints is presented. In order to achieve a higher operational flexibility along with ensuring that the implemented control loops do not influence the system inherent passive safety features, a dedicated supervisory control scheme for the dynamic definition of the corresponding set-points to be supplied to the PID controllers is designed. In particular, the traditional approach based on the adoption of tabulated lookup tables for the set-point definition is found not to be robust enough when failures of the implemented SISO (Single Input Single Output) actuators occur. Therefore, a feedback algorithm based on the Reference Governor approach, which allows for the optimization of reference signals according to the system operating conditions, is proposed.

  18. Elevator Group Supervisory Control System Using Genetic Network Programming with Macro Nodes and Reinforcement Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jin; Yu, Lu; Mabu, Shingo; Hirasawa, Kotaro; Hu, Jinglu; Markon, Sandor

    Elevator Group Supervisory Control System (EGSCS) is a very large scale stochastic dynamic optimization problem. Due to its vast state space, significant uncertainty and numerous resource constraints such as finite car capacities and registered hall/car calls, it is hard to manage EGSCS using conventional control methods. Recently, many solutions for EGSCS using Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies have been reported. Genetic Network Programming (GNP), which is proposed as a new evolutionary computation method several years ago, is also proved to be efficient when applied to EGSCS problem. In this paper, we propose an extended algorithm for EGSCS by introducing Reinforcement Learning (RL) into GNP framework, and an improvement of the EGSCS' performances is expected since the efficiency of GNP with RL has been clarified in some other studies like tile-world problem. Simulation tests using traffic flows in a typical office building have been made, and the results show an actual improvement of the EGSCS' performances comparing to the algorithms using original GNP and conventional control methods. Furthermore, as a further study, an importance weight optimization algorithm is employed based on GNP with RL and its efficiency is also verified with the better performances.

  19. Epidemiology of disability in incident leprosy patients at supervisory urban leprosy unit of Nagpur city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L B Chavan, Prakash Patel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium Leprae, affecting mainly peripheral nerves and skin. Disabilities and deformities are major concerns as it triggers social, economic and psychosocial problems of leprosy patients. In the study, 105 incident leprosy patients registered in a randomly selected Supervisory Urban Leprosy Unit during year 2004-05 were interviewed. Disability was graded as per WHO-2 point scale. There were 52 male and 53 female with median age of 26 years. The WHO grade -II disability was 12.38 % and it was significantly higher among manual workers and housewives (76.92%, P<0.05. Hands and feet disabilities were found in 38.10 % while nobody had eye related disability. Subjects with delayed diagnosis beyond 12 months had significantly higher grade-2 disabilities than diagnosed earlier (P<0.05. Disability rate was also higher in Multi-Bacillary leprosy patients (P<0.001. Ulcer was the most common type of grade-II deformity (61.54 % which was significantly higher in females (P<0.05. Prevalence of disability was found higher in study area than national average. Awareness about Prevention Of Deformities (POD, early diagnosis (<12 months and treatment are recommended to avert visible deformities and hence social stigma in leprosy patients.

  20. PENINGKATAN KEAMANAN SUPERVISORY CONTROL AND DATA ACQUISITION (SCADA PADA SMART GRID SEBAGAI INFRASTRUKTUR KRITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Budi Setiawan

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition systems as the control unit of the smart grid has been used in almost various industries around the world in terms of automation systems. Smart grid technology combines the energy infrastructure and telecommunications and Internet networks. The system provides the operational ease and efficiency in the industry. However, the system has a lot of vulnerabilities in information security aspects that can have a major impact for the industry and even the economy. This study tried to design in building a smart grid cyber security, it includes the strategies that must be done and the information security system architecture to be built. The study was conducted qualitative in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and direct observation. Results of this research is the design strategy recommendations ddalam development of smart grid cyber security. Recommendation results of this study also intended as a suggestion-making framework for smart grid cyber security as a reference implementation of the smart grid in Indonesia.

  1. Supervisory Control of a Humanoid Robot in Microgravity for Manipulation Tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Logan C.; Strawser, Phil; Hambuchen, Kimberly; Baker, Will; Badger, Julia

    2017-01-01

    Teleoperation is the dominant form of dexterous robotic tasks in the field. However, there are many use cases in which direct teleoperation is not feasible such as disaster areas with poor communication as posed in the DARPA Robotics Challenge, or robot operations on spacecraft a large distance from Earth with long communication delays. Presented is a solution that combines the Affordance Template Framework for object interaction with TaskForce for supervisory control in order to accomplish high level task objectives with basic autonomous behavior from the robot. TaskForce, is a new commanding infrastructure that allows for optimal development of task execution, clear feedback to the user to aid in off-nominal situations, and the capability to add autonomous verification and corrective actions. This framework has allowed the robot to take corrective actions before requesting assistance from the user. This framework is demonstrated with Robonaut 2 removing a Cargo Transfer Bag from a simulated logistics resupply vehicle for spaceflight using a single operator command. This was executed with 80% success with no human involvement, and 95% success with limited human interaction. This technology sets the stage to do any number of high level tasks using a similar framework, allowing the robot to accomplish tasks with minimal to no human interaction.

  2. Supervisory autonomous local-remote control system design: Near-term and far-term applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, Wayne; Backes, Paul

    1993-01-01

    The JPL Supervisory Telerobotics Laboratory (STELER) has developed a unique local-remote robot control architecture which enables management of intermittent bus latencies and communication delays such as those expected for ground-remote operation of Space Station robotic systems via the TDRSS communication platform. At the local site, the operator updates the work site world model using stereo video feedback and a model overlay/fitting algorithm which outputs the location and orientation of the object in free space. That information is relayed to the robot User Macro Interface (UMI) to enable programming of the robot control macros. The operator can then employ either manual teleoperation, shared control, or supervised autonomous control to manipulate the object under any degree of time-delay. The remote site performs the closed loop force/torque control, task monitoring, and reflex action. This paper describes the STELER local-remote robot control system, and further describes the near-term planned Space Station applications, along with potential far-term applications such as telescience, autonomous docking, and Lunar/Mars rovers.

  3. Balancing Human-machine Interface (HMI) Design in Complex Supervisory Tasks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ha, Junsu [Khalifa Univ. of Science, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Kim, Arryum; Jang, Inseok; Seong, Poonghyun [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-05-15

    Human performance aspects such as plant performance, personnel task performance, situation awareness, cognitive workload, teamwork, and anthropomorphic/physiological factor are evaluated with the HUPESS. Even though the HUPESS provides evaluation results in each of the performance aspects for the integrated system validation (ISV), additional researches have been needed to develop methods on how to find out design deficiency leading to poor performance and give a solution for design improvement in HMI. The authors have developed a method of HMI design improvement for the monitoring and detection tasks which was named as 'DEMIS (Difficulty Evaluation Method in Information Searching)'. The DEMIS is a HMI evaluation method which bridge poor performance and design improvement. Lessons learned from the existing studies lead to a question about how to optimize the whole HMI design. Human factors principles provide the foundation for guidelines of various codes and standards in designing HMIs. Also in NPPs, a lot of guidelines directly from various codes and standard and derived from various research and development projects are available for designing MCR HMIs. In this study, a balancing principle and relevant two measures for HMI design optimization are proposed to be used in the HMI design of complex supervisory tasks in NPPs. The balancing principle is that a HMI element (e. g., an indicator or a push button) should be designed according to its importance.

  4. Supervisory governance
    The case of the Dutch Consumer Authority

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michiel A. Heldeweg

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This article concerns the impact of the Regulation on consumer protection cooperation, especially with regard to the introduction of a public law supervisory authority, on the primarily civil law and self-regulatory Dutch concept of supervision and enforcement in consumer law. The response to this regulation has been to introduce a dual system of enforcement (separating civil law and public law enforcement in which the new Dutch Consumer Authority is to act in accordance with the subsidiarity principle (intervening only when the market itself fails to respond adequately. The major question is whether this new ‘hybrid’ concept of dualism and subsidiarity will be sustainable or if a full ‘publicisation’ of Dutch consumer protection law should be expected. Important determining factors are the positioning of the Consumer Authority in both the European network and in several national networks with both public and private law partners. A key issue is how responsibility for consumer protection will be distributed through these networks. Finding a balance between, especially, the role of the European Commission (in the European network and ministerial responsibility (for the Consumer Authority is necessary to enable the Consumer Authority to create sufficient trust within these networks so as to make dualism and subsidiarity possible.

  5. Supervisory fussy control for an electric generating hybrid system; Control supervisorio difuso para un sistema hibrido de generacion electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lagunas Mendoza, Javier

    2004-11-15

    This work presents the development of a fuzzy supervisory controller for a hybrid power system (HPS). After reviewing the actual configurations for Hybrid Systems used around the world, it was defined the configuration and constitutive elements to be implemented in proposed HPS. The HPS includes: photovoltaic arrays, wind turbines as renewable sources, a Gen-set as a back-up system, a battery bank a mean for energy storage, AC loads and finally an inverter to transform DC to AC in order to provide electricity to the loads. Once the HPS configuration was selected, the mathematical models for the different elements of the system were selected. The validation of the models was made comparing the results from the model with collected real data of an experimental HPS installed in Pachuca Hidalgo. Using MatLab it was developed a program to simulate the operation of the a HPS. The main function of the supervisory controller within the HPS is to satisfy the objectives of operation of the system, and it was defined as part of the research work. The operation philosophy of the supervisory controller was defined having selected HPS configuration and the operation objectives of the system. Regarding to the supervisory controller development, first it was carried out a bibliographic review of the supervisory controllers that are used nowadays whose use some techniques of intelligent control. As result form this review the fuzzy logic technique was chosen to be implemented in the supervisory controller proposed. The resulting supervisory controller was a multi- variable system type, and it is implementation was challenging task. Its development was made using the hierarchic decomposition based on meta-knowledge. As result a smaller diffuse systems with a less number of rules were obtained. An important part of the work was the implementation of the supervisory controller in Matlab. The controller tested in the developed simulation program for SHGE. The results of operation of

  6. A Proposal of Ajax Framework for Web-based Supervisory and Control Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanagihara, Shintaro; Ishihara, Akira; Ishii, Toshinao; Kitsuki, Junichi; Seo, Kazuo

    In recent years, with spread of Web application and performance gain of Web browsers, the demand of the web-based supervisory and control(WSCADA) systems based on RIA(Rich Internet Application) is increased. To develop CRUD operations(Create, Read, Update, Delete which corresponds to the basic database operations) of RIA-based web applications, various frameworks and libraries are being provided. However, to develop behavior operations, a lot of program must be written manually. The typical operations of WSCADA are behavior operations, so even if RIA frameworks and libraries are used to develop WSCADA, the productivity of development doesn't improve. Although conceptual models and development environment have been proposed for typical web applications consisted mostly of CRUD operations, those for WSCADA is still the unsolved problem. This paper proposes the user interface model and the development environment for the monitoring user interface program of WSCADA. We focus on the productivity enhancement of the WSCADA development, and propose the Monitoring User Interface Model(MUM) extended Model-View-Controller(MVC) model. We design the Ajax framework and the development environment based on our model. We define the DisplayItem as the advanced View and the MonitoringItem as the advanced Model, and classify the Controller into the Interaction and the Behavior. Our Ajax framework based on web browser's standard technologies, provides the mapping between conceptual model elements. We define the domain specific language for writing the mapping. We design development environment for auto-generating Behavior program from the mapping. In this paper, we evaluate our model and development environment through the experimental development of the typical WSCADA. As a result, the development cost of the WSCADA based on our framework is only one fifth of that based on the typical Ajax library.

  7. Supervisory control applied to stand-alone photovoltaic systems based on multi string topology; Controle supervisorio aplicado a sistemas fotovoltaicos autonomos com topologia multi string

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Candido, Diogo Brum

    2010-07-01

    This master thesis analyses and implements a stand-alone photovoltaic system based on decentralized 'Multi String' topology. The proposed system is composed of a set of DC-DC converters linked to the PV arrays of panels, a bidirectional converter to perform the control of the charge/discharge process of the battery bank and ensure the specifications of DC link and a full-bridge inverter that feed the AC loads. Therefore, all operation modes that the stand-alone PV system can work are presented and analyzed. As the chief aim is to ensure the energy balance of the stand-alone PV system, are presented independents control loops for each converter of the PV system and a propose of a supervisory control that, based on information about the conditions of the DC link and the bank of batteries, defines each operation mode should be active, in order to maximize the power extracted from the PV arrays, the life cycle of the battery bank and ensuring the uninterrupted feeding of energy to the loads. Finally, simulation and experimental results validate the operation of the proposed system under different load and solar radiation conditions. (author)

  8. Team performance in networked supervisory control of unmanned air vehicles: effects of automation, working memory, and communication content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKendrick, Ryan; Shaw, Tyler; de Visser, Ewart; Saqer, Haneen; Kidwell, Brian; Parasuraman, Raja

    2014-05-01

    Assess team performance within a net-worked supervisory control setting while manipulating automated decision aids and monitoring team communication and working memory ability. Networked systems such as multi-unmanned air vehicle (UAV) supervision have complex properties that make prediction of human-system performance difficult. Automated decision aid can provide valuable information to operators, individual abilities can limit or facilitate team performance, and team communication patterns can alter how effectively individuals work together. We hypothesized that reliable automation, higher working memory capacity, and increased communication rates of task-relevant information would offset performance decrements attributed to high task load. Two-person teams performed a simulated air defense task with two levels of task load and three levels of automated aid reliability. Teams communicated and received decision aid messages via chat window text messages. Task Load x Automation effects were significant across all performance measures. Reliable automation limited the decline in team performance with increasing task load. Average team spatial working memory was a stronger predictor than other measures of team working memory. Frequency of team rapport and enemy location communications positively related to team performance, and word count was negatively related to team performance. Reliable decision aiding mitigated team performance decline during increased task load during multi-UAV supervisory control. Team spatial working memory, communication of spatial information, and team rapport predicted team success. An automated decision aid can improve team performance under high task load. Assessment of spatial working memory and the communication of task-relevant information can help in operator and team selection in supervisory control systems.

  9. Fuzzy-logic-based supervisory controller for the management of energy in a hybrid system; Control supervisorio difuso para sistemas hibridos de generacion electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lagunas, J.; Caratozzolo, P.; Ortega, C.; Gonzalez, R.

    2004-07-01

    This paper presents and validates the use of a fuzzy-logic-based supervisory controller for the management of energy in a hybrid system. The general configuration of the hybrid system is presented as well as the operational objectives of the supervisory controller. The inputs and outputs of the controller are also presented along with the hierarchical structure employed in order to reduce the number of rules in the knowledge base. The results obtained are compared against those of a conventional controller. Simulations were carried out using Matlab. (Author)

  10. 一类非线性系统的监督控制%Supervisory Control of a Class of Nonlinear System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范子彦; 韩正之

    2001-01-01

    在监督控制方案下实现了一类非线性系统的输出调节,过程是全局Lipschitz的严格反馈形系统,含有不确定的定常参数.假设参数属于一个已知的、由有限个元素组成的集合,控制方案可分成控制器组和监督器两部分.根据参数的先验知识,用反传方法设计确定性等价的控制器,组成候选控制器组.监督器对参数进行在线辨识,实现控制器之间的切换,最终将过程的输出调节到零.%The paper implemented the output regulation of a class of nonlinear systems under a supervisory control scheme. The process is a strict-feedback structure system with uncertain constant parameters. Assume that the parameters belong to a known set that consists of finite number of elementes. The control scheme can be separated into two parts, a supervisor and a group of controllers. By virtue of the prior knowledge about the parameters, this paper designs certainty equivalent controllers using the backstepping technique, which compose the group of controllers. The supervisor identifies the parameters of process in real time to choose the controller that will be switched into the feedback loop. At the end, it is proved that the output of process is regulated to zero.

  11. Midwives' supervisory styles and leadership role as experienced by Norwegian mothers in the context of a fear of childbirth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyberg, Anne; Severinsson, Elisabeth

    2010-05-01

    The aim of the present study was to describe the midwives' supervisory style and leadership role as experienced by pregnant women and new mothers in the context of a fear of childbirth. A service led by midwives can influence the quality of care. The sample consisted of 13 mothers. Data were interpreted by means of qualitative content analysis. The findings revealed that the midwives' supervisory styles were related to their ability to create a trusting and caring relationship, demonstrate problem-solving capacity, and showing willingness, preparedness and courage to support the women. The midwives' leadership role was described as involving a crucial set of professional management skills and techniques. The findings have strengthened the argument for the provision of continuity of care to women who are afraid of childbirth. Further studies should focus more specifically on the implementation of research in practice. It is necessary for midwives to demonstrate leadership in order to develop practice, predict challenges and changes, provide different care delivery models and acquire an evidence base for care. This also demands systematic supervision to improve care outcomes.

  12. Design and Implementation of Computer Supervisory Control System at an Oil Harbor%油港计算机监控系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐薇; 李振业; 矫桂秋

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents a practical design plan of the computer supervisory control system through the investigation of the manual operation in a harbor company.%通过对某港务公司现行手工作业的调研,提出了一种可行的计算机监控系统的设计方案。

  13. Establishing a Full ‘Cycle of Protection’ for Disaster Victims : Preparedness, Response and Recovery according to Regional and International Human Rights Supervisory Bodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselman, Marlies

    2013-01-01

    This article includes a comprehensive analysis of work currently being carried out by regional and international human rights supervisory bodies in the field of disaster management, being cognizant of the fact that the past decade has seen an increased international concern for the adequate

  14. The Supervisory Role of the National Universities Commission and the Management of Universities in the South-South Zone of Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okoroma, N. S.

    2007-01-01

    Issues such as financial autonomy, academic autonomy and administrative autonomy are crucial to the effective management of university education globally. For many years Nigerian universities have complained of being impeded in these areas because of the supervisory role of the National Universities Commission (NUC) which tend to encroach on their…

  15. Instructional Supervisory Practices and Teachers' Role Effectiveness in Public Secondary Schools in Calabar South Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sule, Mary Anike; Eyiene, Ameh; Egbai, Mercy E.

    2015-01-01

    The study investigated the relationship between instructional supervisory practices and teachers' role effectiveness in public secondary schools in Calabar South Local Government Area of Cross River State. Two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study…

  16. Data-Based School Improvement: The Role of Principals and School Supervisory Authorities within the Context of Low-Stakes Mandatory Proficiency Testing in Four German States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsteck, Carolin; Muslic, Barbara; Graf, Tanja; Maier, Uwe; Kuper, Harm

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate how principals and school supervisory authorities understand and use feedback from mandatory proficiency tests (VERA) in the low-stakes context of Germany. For the analysis, the authors refer to a theoretical model of schools that differentiates between Autonomous and Managed Professional…

  17. The Influence of Supervisor Multicultural Competence on the Supervisory Working Alliance, Supervisee Counseling Self-efficacy, and Supervisee Satisfaction with Supervision: A Mediation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crockett, Stephanie; Hays, Danica G.

    2015-01-01

    We developed and tested a mediation model depicting relationships among supervisor multicultural competence, the supervisory working alliance, supervisee counseling self-efficacy, and supervisee satisfaction with supervision. Results of structural equation modeling showed that supervisor multicultural competence was related to the supervisory…

  18. Expert systems in the process industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, G. M.

    1992-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of industrial applications of real-time knowledge based expert systems (KBES's) in the process industries. After a brief overview of the features of a KBES useful in process applications, the general roles of KBES's are covered. A particular focus is diagnostic applications, one of the major applications areas. Many applications are seen as an expansion of supervisory control. The lessons learned from numerous online applications are summarized.

  19. STABLE ADAPTIVE CONTROL FOR A CLASS OF NONLINEAR SYSTEMS WITHOUT USE OF A SUPERVISORY TERM IN THE CONTROL LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MOHAMED BAHITA

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a direct adaptive control scheme for a class of nonlinear systems is proposed. The architecture employs a Gaussian radial basis function (RBF network to construct an adaptive controller. The parameters of the adaptive controller are adapted and changed according to a law derived using Lyapunov stability theory. The centres of the RBF network are adapted on line using the k-means algorithm. Asymptotic Lyapunov stability is established without the use of a supervisory (compensatory term in the control law and with the tracking errors converging to a neighbourhood of the origin. Finally, a simulation is provided to explore the feasibility of the proposed neuronal controller design method.

  20. OFMspert - Inference of operator intentions in supervisory control using a blackboard architecture. [operator function model expert system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Patricia S.; Mitchell, Christine M.; Rubin, Kenneth S.

    1988-01-01

    The authors proposes an architecture for an expert system that can function as an operator's associate in the supervisory control of a complex dynamic system. Called OFMspert (operator function model (OFM) expert system), the architecture uses the operator function modeling methodology as the basis for the design. The authors put emphasis on the understanding capabilities, i.e., the intent referencing property, of an operator's associate. The authors define the generic structure of OFMspert, particularly those features that support intent inferencing. They also describe the implementation and validation of OFMspert in GT-MSOCC (Georgia Tech-Multisatellite Operations Control Center), a laboratory domain designed to support research in human-computer interaction and decision aiding in complex, dynamic systems.

  1. WHAT WAS THE ROLE OF THE SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CREDIT INSTITUTIONS AND THE REQUIREMENTS OF BASEL III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MEDAR LUCIAN-ION

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The economic downturn and financial crisis has negative impacted the European banking system, which determined the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, after the implementation of "Basel I and Basel II", to conduct a new series of recommendations. The economic crisis has affected all types banking products and services, all models of supervision and all evaluation methods known. Credit institutions innovations, on the ease of promoting new products and services, absence amid of high quality capital who can absorb losses in the limit of liquidity, led to a deadlock on lending activity. Supervisory Committee appointed by the new "Basel III" recommendations, requires the introduction of minimum global standards for measuring and monitoring liquidity risk and also requires banks to triple quality capital reserve by 2015-2019, up to a 7% capital adequacy.

  2. Conceptual Design of Industrial Process Displays

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, C.R.; Lind, Morten

    1999-01-01

    by a simple example from a plant with batch processes. Later the method is applied to develop a supervisory display for a condenser system in a nuclear power plant. The differences between the continuous plant domain of power production and the batch processes from the example are analysed and broad...... categories of display types are proposed. The problems involved in specification and invention of a supervisory display are analysed and conclusions from these problems are made. It is concluded that the design method proposed provides a framework for the progress of the display design and is useful in pin......-pointing the actual problems. The method was useful in reducing the number of existing displays that could fulfil the requirements of the supervision task. The method provided at the same time a framework for dealing with the problems involved in inventing new displays based on structured analysis. However...

  3. An alignment model for the research higher degree supervision process using repertory grids - reflections on application in practice in built environment research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Aranda-Mena

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available From PhD-doing to PhD-done is not as from A to B. This paper aims to increasing the understanding of the complex relationship between the doctoral research and the supervisory process. The research method is that of repertory-grids where the authors discuss successful completions. The paper is argumentative in nature and provides insights to a complex process largely untested. A supervisory model previously presented by both authors (Aranda-Mena & Gameson, 2004 is tested in two areas: (1 the research process and (2 personality factors. The paper increases common understanding of what it takes to completing a PhD and supervisory challenges in such long process. Supervision is a key factor to completing a PhD and to developing the intellectual, analytical and research skills expected of PhD graduates. The authors call for more research, both theoretical and empirical, in this important area.

  4. Indirect Adaptive Fuzzy Output Feedback Control with Supervisory Controller for Uncertain Nonlinear Systems%非线性系统的间接自适应模糊输出反馈监督控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟绍成; 柴天佑

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, an indirect adaptive fuzzy output feedback controller with supervisory mode for a class of unknown nonlinear systems is developed. The proposed approach does not need the availability of the state variables, moreover, a supervisory controller is appended to the adaptive fuzzy controller to force the state to be within the constraint set. Therefore, if the adaptive fuzzy controller cannot maintain the stability, the supervisory controller starts to work to guarantee stability. On the other hand, if the adaptive fuzzy controller works well, the supervisory controller will be de-activated. The overall adaptive fuzzy control scheme guarantees the stability of the whole closed-loop systems. The simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  5. 基于Web的实时监控图形系统%A Real Time Supervisory Control Graphics System Based on Web

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马瑞; 王琰

    2001-01-01

    This paper introduces Web Browser and the technology of Java Language,and applies these to the real time supervisory control graphical interface in SCADA(Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition)system.It fulfills the function of real time dealing with datum and periodic refreshing dynamic picture.The whole system can run in Web Browser with multi-platform.%介绍了Web浏览器与Java语言技术,并将其应用到SCADA系统实时监控图形界面中,完成实时处理数据和定时刷新动态画面功能.整个系统可跨平台运行在Web浏览器中.

  6. Optimized Robust Adaptive Networks in Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    daughter for their unconditional support in order for me to reach my goal. Familia , thank you for taking care of me throughout these challenging times...connection- oriented protocol since before one application 21 process can begin to send data to another, the two processes must first “handshake

  7. Integration of supervisory control synthesis in model-based systems engineering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.C.M. Baeten (Jos); J.M. van de Mortel-Fronczak; J.E. Rooda

    2011-01-01

    htmlabstractDue to increasing system complexity, time-to-market and development costs reduction, there are higher demands on engineering processes. Model-based engineering processes can play a role here because they support system development by enabling the use of various model-based analysis

  8. Learning Opportunities in PhD Supervisory Talks: A Social Constructionist Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Wenwen; Singhasiri, Wareesiri

    2016-01-01

    Although PhD supervision has been recognised as an educative process and a complex pedagogy for decades, there is little research into on-site pedagogic processes. Informed by social constructionism and a Foucauldian approach, this qualitative case study explores how learning opportunities were created by analysing both a supervisor's verbal…

  9. Non-Monetary Benefits Without Apology: The Economic Theory and Practice of Ecosystem Service Benefit Indicators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Values for changes in ecosystem services (ES) are required or desired in many policy and management decision contexts, although appropriate monetary values often are not available or are infeasible to estimate. Fortunately, in many contexts—e.g., cost-effectiveness analysis...

  10. MONETARY AND NON-MONETARY INCENTIVES TO BOOST TAX PAYMENT A CONTROLLED EXPERIMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria, Giarrizzo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available After centuries in which control and punishment formed the basis of policies designed to combat tax evasion, the results in many world economies are far from expected. Paying taxes is a resisted action, a few people are predisposed to do so voluntarily and that bias is reduced if people perceive inefficiencies from the State. When that happens, controls and penalties, although necessary, become insufficient and it is necessary to create parallel incentives. This research shows evidence of the usefulness of positive incentives and the need to replace the traditional control scheme and penalties for a control scheme, punishments and rewards. Supported by a controlled experiment contrasts the results of the allocation of awards for a good contributor, showing some advantages of non-cash prizes on the prize money.

  11. Non-Monetary Benefits Without Apology: The Economic Theory and Practice of Ecosystem Service Benefit Indicators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Values for changes in ecosystem services (ES) are required or desired in many policy and management decision contexts, although appropriate monetary values often are not available or are infeasible to estimate. Fortunately, in many contexts—e.g., cost-effectiveness analysis...

  12. The Combinatorial Retention Auction Mechanism (CRAM): Integrating Monetary and Non-monetary Reenlistment Incentives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    free dinner. Employees who stay with the company also reach benchmark incentives after 10, 15, and 20 years, such as cruises or Hawaiian vacations...reunions, weddings , class reunions, births and funerals. The survey also indicated SWOs were dissatisfied with the command culture and felt that their

  13. Modeling and prediction of monetary and non-monetary business values

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Välja, Margus; Österlind, Magnus; Iacob, Maria-Eugenia; Sinderen, van Marten; Johnson, Pontus; Gasevic, D; Hatala, M.; Motahari Nezhad, H.R.; Reichert, M.U.

    2013-01-01

    In existing business model frameworks little attention is paid to a thorough understanding of the perceived customer value of a business’ offering as compared to competing offers. In this paper, we propose to use utility theory in combination with e3value models to address this issue. An actor's joi

  14. The Monetary and Non-Monetary Aspects of Poverty in Poland and Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Ulman

    2015-05-01

    The research found that there were differences in poverty risk both within national communities and the studied countries. Such two-way diversity of impoverishment was observed primarily in the classification of households due to the demographic composition of the household. There is a need for a broader study of diversity i.a. the structure of poverty, its level, dynamics and factors determining it in both countries. This wide research project may help to answer the question of changes in the evolution of poverty in Slovakia after its accession to the Eurozone, which is extremely important in the context of the Polish accession to the zone. The originality of the work is manifested primarily in a comparative study of poverty risk for communities of the two countries: Poland and Slovakia, which allowed observing differences in the risk in a cross-country system.

  15. Discourse-based intervention for modifying supervisory communication as leverage for safety climate and performance improvement: a randomized field study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zohar, Dov; Polachek, Tal

    2014-01-01

    The article presents a randomized field study designed to improve safety climate and resultant safety performance by modifying daily messages in supervisor-member communications. Supervisors in the experimental group received 2 individualized feedback sessions regarding the extent to which they integrated safety and productivity-related issues in daily verbal exchanges with their members; those in the control group received no feedback. Feedback data originated from 7-9 workers for each supervisor, reporting about received supervisory messages during the most recent verbal exchange. Questionnaire data collected 8 weeks before and after the 12-week intervention phase revealed significant changes for safety climate, safety behavior, subjective workload, teamwork, and (independently measured) safety audit scores for the experimental group. Data for the control group (except for safety behavior) remained unchanged. These results are explained by corresponding changes (or lack thereof in the control group) in perceived discourse messages during the 6-week period between the 1st and 2nd feedback sessions. Theoretical and practical implications for climate improvement and organizational discourse research are discussed.

  16. A learning-based synthesis approach to decentralized supervisory control of discrete event systems with unknown plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin DAI; Hai LIN

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we consider the problem of automatic synthesis of decentralized supervisor for uncertain discrete event systems. In particular, we study the case when the uncontrolled plant is unknown a priori. To deal with the unknown plants, we first characterize the conormality of prefix-closed regular languages and propose formulas for computing the supremal conormal sublanguages;then sufficient conditions for the existence of decentralized supervisors are given in terms of language controllability and conormality and a learning-based algorithm to synthesize the supervisor automatically is proposed. Moreover, the paper also studies the on-line decentralized supervisory control of concurrent discrete event systems that are composed of multiple interacting unknown modules. We use the concept of modular controllability to characterize the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of the local supervisors, which consist of a set of local supervisor modules, one for each plant module and which determines its control actions based on the locally observed behaviors, and an on-line learning-based local synthesis algorithm is also presented. The correctness and convergence of the proposed algorithms are proved, and their implementation are illustrated through examples.

  17. Novel analysis of Petri-net-based controllers by means of TCT implementation tool of supervisory control theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Uzam

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The control of discrete event systems (DES has been widely studied in the past two decades. Finite-state automata (FSA and Petri nets (PN are the two principal modelling formalisms for this study. Supervisory control theory (SCT, based on language and FSA concepts, is a well established framework for the study of discrete event control systems (DECS. PN-based approaches to the control design have been considered as an alternative framework. In the PN-based control of DES, given an uncontrolled PN model of a system and a set of specifications, a PN-based controller consisting of monitors (control places is synthesised to solve the problem. In general, forbidden-state specifications are considered. Another heavily studied specification is to obtain the live system behaviour (non-blockingness in SCT terminology for a given PN model by computing a PN-based controller. Unfortunately, PN-based analysis tools cannot deal with uncontrollable transitions. Therefore, to date there is no general technique for the correctness analysis of the computed PN-based controllers. This paper proposes a novel and general methodology to carry out the correctness analysis for the computed PN-based controllers by using the TCT implementation tool of SCT. Three examples are considered for illustration.

  18. Supervisory control for hybrid systems of electrical generation based on fuzzy logic; Control supervisorio para sistemas hibridos de generacion electrica basado en logica difusa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lagunas M, Javier; Ortega S, Cesar [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico); Caratozzolo M, Patricia [Instituto Tecnologico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, campus Cd. de Mexico (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    The development and integration of hybrid systems of electrical generation (SHGE) of small capacity: The intention of these developments is its implementation in isolated or far away communities from conventional electric networks, that contribute in the own productive processes of these towns. As part of these work a system of control for their hybrid system wind-photovoltaic- internal combustion machine was developed that operates nowadays in a system installed in Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico. However, in the two past years, the GENC has worked, altogether with the Management of Control and Instrumentation of the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE) and the Centro Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo Tecnologico (CENIDET) (National Center of Research and Technological Development), to incorporate an intelligent control technique in the regulation of the hybrid systems of wind-photovoltaic-machine of internal combustion type. Lemos de Pereira rises that the main problems of the present technology of the SHGE are related to the control and supervision of the power systems. The system that is in charge of the actions of load control and dispatch is denominated supervisory control. This controller supervises the operation of all the components, regulates the entry or exiting of operation of the generation systems, as well as the loads. [Spanish] El desarrollo e integracion de sistemas hibridos de generacion electrica (SHGE) de pequena capacidad. El proposito de estos desarrollos es su implementacion en comunidades aisladas o alejadas de la red electrica convencional, las cuales contribuyan en los procesos productivos propios de estos poblados. Como parte de dichos trabajos se desarrollo un sistema de control para su sistema hibrido eolico-fotovoltaico-maquina de combustion interna que opera actualmente en un sistema instalado en Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico. Ahora bien, en los dos ultimos anos, la GENC ha trabajado, en conjunto con la Gerencia de Control e

  19. An on-line remote supervisory system for microparticles based on image analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wei-Hua; Jiang, Ming-Shun; Sui, Qing-Mei

    2011-11-01

    A new on-line remote particle analysis system based on image processing has been developed to measure microparticles. The system is composed of particle collector sensor (PCS), particle image sensor (PIS), image remote transmit module and image processing system. Then some details of image processing are discussed. The main advantage of this system is more convenient in particle sample collection and particle image acquisition. The particle size can be obtained using the system with a deviation abot less than 1 μm, and the particle number can be obtained without deviation. The developed system is also convenient and versatile for other analyses of microparticle for academic and industrial application.

  20. An on-line remote supervisory system for microparticles based on image analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Wei-hua; JIANG Ming-shun; SUI Qing-mei

    2011-01-01

    A new on-line remote particle analysis system based on image processing has been developed to measure microparticles.The system is composed of particle collector sensor (PCS),particle image sensor (PIS),image remote wansmit module and image processing system.Then some details of image processing are discussed.The main advantage of this system is more convenient in particle sample collection and particle image acquisition.The particle size can be obtained using the system with a deviation abot less than 1 μm,and the particle number can be obtained without deviation,The developed system is also convenient and versatile for other analyses of microparticle for academic and industrial application.

  1. Decision Support in Supervisory Control of High-Risk Industrial Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens; Goodstein, L. P.

    1987-01-01

    available to the operators their conceptual models and their processing resources so as to allow the operators to function as their extended arm in coping with the plant. Such as interactive decision-making activity would thus benefit from this simultaneous availability of the design basis, up-to-date...

  2. Regole di Basilea e modelli di vigilanza: quale convergenza? (Basel rules and supervisory models: What convergence?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Montanaro

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The globalisation process that has interested the banking sector in the last decades was significantly fostered by the three founding pillars of the Basel framework: the home country control based on consolidated supervision, risk-sensitive prudential requirements, and the core principles for effective banking supervision. The present paper analyses whether the principle of the home country control is coherent with the large discretion with which national supervisors have implemented Basel’s prudential regulation. The complexity of global banks, too big to be supervised and resolved, inevitably generates regulatory coordination failures. The increasing mistrust of host countries in the ability and willingness of the home countries authorities to protect their national interests represents a serious threat to the sustainability of bank globalisation. An effective and binding convergence on the mechanisms and processes for managing and resolving the crises of cross-border banks seems destined to remain the unsolved problem of the Basel rules.

  3. Regole di Basilea e modelli di vigilanza: quale convergenza? (Basel rules and supervisory models: What convergence?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Montanaro

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The globalisation process that has interested the banking sector in the last decades was significantly fostered by the three founding pillars of the Basel framework: the home country control based on consolidated supervision, risk-sensitive prudential requirements, and the core principles for effective banking supervision. The present paper analyses whether the principle of the home country control is coherent with the large discretion with which national supervisors have implemented Basel’s prudential regulation. The complexity of global banks, too big to be supervised and resolved, inevitably generates regulatory coordination failures. The increasing mistrust of host countries in the ability and willingness of the home countries authorities to protect their national interests represents a serious threat to the sustainability of bank globalisation. An effective and binding convergence on the mechanisms and processes for managing and resolving the crises of cross-border banks seems destined to remain the unsolved problem of the Basel rules.  JEL Codes: G28, G01, G18, F33Keywords: Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, home country control, Basel capital standards, cross-border banking crises

  4. A High Operability Supervisory Digital System for TRIGA-Type Research Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aronica, O.; Bove, R.; Cappelli, M.; Falconi, L.; Palomba, M.; Santoro, E.; Sepielli, M. [ENEA, UTFISST, Casaccia Research Center, Via Anguillarese, 301 Rome (Italy); Memmi, F. [University of Rome ' Roma Tre' , Department of Electrical Engineering, Via della Vasca Navale, 84 Rome (Italy)

    2011-07-01

    In this work, we propose an outline of a monitoring system to supervise variables coming from a fission nuclear reactor of TRIGA type (1-MW TRIGA reactor RC-1). The system can interface the control room instrumentation and can display the characteristic parameters (e.g. nuclear power, temperatures, flow rates, radiological parameters) in an intuitive, user-friendly way for plant operators. This aim is achieved using the Labview development environment. A front panel of a virtual instrument allows for a direct measure and a check that would not be possible by only reading the output data coming from the instruments of the control room, because of their standards and strict safety regulations. The acquisition system, for signals coming from the reactor, can process data and generate a detailed representation of the results. Statistics resulting from data analysis will be interpreted to optimize reactor management parameters. This system also includes a simulation tool to predict specific performances and investigate critical phenomena, or to optimize overall plant performances. In particular, it allows to have a feedback control and to perform predictive statistical surveys of all main process parameters. (author)

  5. Automatic Supervisory System Synthesis for Port Cranes Collision Prevention by Using Petri Net

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danko Kezić

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the system of port cranes comprisingtwo independently controlled cranes which are simultaneouslyengaged in the transhipment of cargo between a vessel and arailway wagon assembly alongside. The crane operator's errorcan lead to tlie collision of cranes. Therefore, it is necessary toinstall the supervisor in an automatic control system with thefunctions of continuous supervision of the process of cranemovement, and blocking of commands that can lead to collision.The article shows the method of crane system modellingas a discrete event system by using PIT and P-timed Petri nets.There is a proposal of a formal mathematic method for calculationof the state supervisor by P-invariant method. The supervisorcalculated in this way is maximally permissive supervisor.The efficiency of the supervisor is verified by a computer simulation.

  6. Modern control of mineral wool production process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stankov Stanko P.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the control of the plant for mineral wool production consisting of a number of the technological units of different sizes and complexity is considered. The application of modern equipment based on PLC (Programmable Logic Controller and SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition configuration provides optimal control of technological process. Described supervisory and control system is consisting of a number of units doing decentralized distributed control of technological entities where all possible situation are considered during work of machines and devices, which are installed in electric drive and are protected from technological and electrical accident. Transformer station and diesel engine, raw materials transport and dosage, processes in dome oven, centrifuges, polycondensation (PC chamber, burners, compressor station, binder preparation and dosage, wool cutting, completed panel packing and their transport to storehouse are controlled. Process variables and parameters like as level, flow, velocity, temperature, pressure, etc. are controlled. Control system is doing identification of process states changes, diagnostic and prediction of errors and provides prediction of behavior of control objects when input flows of materials and generates optimal values of control variables due to decreasing downtime and technic - economical requires connected to wool quality to be achieved. Supervisory and control system either eliminates unwanted changes in the production line or restricts them within the allowable limits according to the technology. In this way, the optimization of energy and raw materials consumption and appropriate products quality is achieved, where requirements are satisfied in accordance with process safety and environmental standards. SCADA provides a visual representation of controlled and uncontrolled parts of the technological process, processing alarms and events, monitoring of the changes of relevant

  7. Supervisory Fault Tolerant Control of the GTM UAV Using LPV Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Péni Tamás

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A multi-level reconfiguration framework is proposed for fault tolerant control of over-actuated aerial vehicles, where the levels indicate how much authority is given to the reconfiguration task. On the lowest, first level the fault is accommodated by modifying only the actuator/sensor configuration, so the fault remains hidden from the baseline controller. A dynamic reallocation scheme is applied on this level. The allocation mechanism exploits the actuator/sensor redundancy available on the aircraft. When the fault cannot be managed at the actuator/sensor level, the reconfiguration process has access to the baseline controller. Based on the LPV control framework, this is done by introducing fault-specific scheduling parameters. The baseline controller is designed to provide an acceptable performance level along all fault scenarios coded in these scheduling variables. The decision on which reconfiguration level has to be initiated in response to a fault is determined by a supervisor unit. The method is demonstrated on a full six-degrees-of-freedom nonlinear simulation model of the GTM UAV.

  8. Traffic supervisory/control system for Kobe-Awaji- Naruto expressway of Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Authority; Honshu Shikoku Renrakukyo Kodan nonyu no Kobe Awaji Naruto jidoshado kotsu kansei shisetsu seigyo system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Toshiba delivered the traffic supervisory/control system for Kobe-Awaji-Naruto expressway of Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Authority opened in May 1998. This traffic supervisory system rapidly exactly collects and services the information on the expressway of 89km including Akashi Kaikyo bridge and O-Naruto bridge. The facility control system totally efficiently maintains and controls various facilities for lighting and air circulation of tunnels on the expressway. The previous control system transmitted road information on traffic volume and traffic congestion to offices by using specific lines and terminals, while this system with a monitoring function using intranet can easily service such information by existing PCs. (translated by NEDO)

  9. Traffic supervisory/control system for Kobe-Awaji- Naruto expressway of Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Authority. Honshu Shikoku Renrakukyo Kodan nonyu no Kobe Awaji Naruto jidoshado kotsu kansei shisetsu seigyo system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-03-01

    Toshiba delivered the traffic supervisory/control system for Kobe-Awaji-Naruto expressway of Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Authority opened in May 1998. This traffic supervisory system rapidly exactly collects and services the information on the expressway of 89km including Akashi Kaikyo bridge and O-Naruto bridge. The facility control system totally efficiently maintains and controls various facilities for lighting and air circulation of tunnels on the expressway. The previous control system transmitted road information on traffic volume and traffic congestion to offices by using specific lines and terminals, while this system with a monitoring function using intranet can easily service such information by existing PCs. (translated by NEDO)

  10. 金融全球化视野下的统一监管模式检讨%A Review of Consolidated Supervisory Mode under Financial Globalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于永宁

    2012-01-01

    In order to improve the effectiveness of supervision,more and more countries began to adopt consolidated supervisory mode,or through the establishment of responsibilities cover all areas of unified financial regulatory agencies,or merger of the two major regulatory bodies.There are some institutional strengths of consolidated supervisory mode,such as improving regulatory effectiveness,the supervision of the financial group,reducing regulatory costs.However there are some problems in regulatory authorities' power and integration,this requires a combination of the actual situation of a country's regulatory reform program.%为了提高金融监管的有效性,越来越多的国家开始采用统一监管的模式,或者通过建立职责覆盖全部金融领域的统一监管机构,或者将两个主要的监管机构合并。统一监管模式在提高监管有效性、对金融集团实施监管、降低监管成本方面具有制度优势,但在监管权力和机构整合问题上存在困难,这需要结合一国的实际情况制定监管改革方案。

  11. Government regulation and associated innovations in building energy-efficiency supervisory systems for large-scale public buildings in a market economy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dai Xuezhi [China Academy of Building Research, Beijing 100013 (China)], E-mail: daixz9999@126.com; Wu Yong [Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People' s Republic of China, Beijing 100835 (China); Di Yanqiang [China Academy of Building Research, Beijing 100013 (China); Li Qiaoyan [Department of Building, School of Design and Environment, National University of Singapore (Singapore)

    2009-06-15

    The supervision of energy efficiency in government office buildings and large-scale public buildings is the main embodiment for government implementation of Public Administration in the fields of resource saving and environmental protection. Aimed at improving the current situation of lack of government administration in building energy efficiency, this paper proposes the concept of 'change and redesign of governmental supervision in building energy efficiency', repositioning the role of government supervision. Based on this theory and other related theories in regulation economic and modern management, this paper analyzes and researches the action and function of all level governments in execution of the supervisory system of building energy efficiency in government office buildings and large-scale public buildings. This paper also defines the importance of government supervision in energy-efficiency system. Finally, this paper analyzes and researches the interaction mechanism between government and owners of different type buildings, government and energy-efficiency service institution with gambling as main features. This paper also presents some measurements to achieve a common benefit community in implementation of building energy-efficiency supervisory system.

  12. Government regulation and associated innovations in building energy-efficiency supervisory systems for large-scale public buildings in a market economy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dai, Xuezhi; Di, Yanqiang [China Academy of Building Research, Beijing 100013 (China); Wu, Yong [Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People' s Republic of China, Beijing 100835 (China); Li, Qiaoyan [Department of Building, School of Design and Environment, National University of Singapore (Singapore)

    2009-06-15

    The supervision of energy efficiency in government office buildings and large-scale public buildings is the main embodiment for government implementation of Public Administration in the fields of resource saving and environmental protection. Aimed at improving the current situation of lack of government administration in building energy efficiency, this paper proposes the concept of 'change and redesign of governmental supervision in building energy efficiency', repositioning the role of government supervision. Based on this theory and other related theories in regulation economic and modern management, this paper analyzes and researches the action and function of all level governments in execution of the supervisory system of building energy efficiency in government office buildings and large-scale public buildings. This paper also defines the importance of government supervision in energy-efficiency system. Finally, this paper analyzes and researches the interaction mechanism between government and owners of different type buildings, government and energy-efficiency service institution with gambling as main features. This paper also presents some measurements to achieve a common benefit community in implementation of building energy-efficiency supervisory system. (author)

  13. Proposal for the award of a contract for the supply of a supervisory control and data acquisition system for the four LHC experiments

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a contract for the supply of a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system for the control of the four LHC experiments. Following a market survey carried out among 63 firms in thirteen Member States and one firm in Israel, a call for tenders (IT-2814/IT) was sent on 29 May 2000 to two firms and two consortia, each consisting of two firms, in four Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received four tenders from three firms and one consortium in three Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with ETM (AT), the lowest bidder complying with the specification, for the supply of a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system for the control of the four LHC experiments, including consultancy services and training, for a total amount of 407 500 euros (634 000 Swiss francs), not subject to revision, and 10 years? maintenance for a total amount of 308 500 euros (480 000 Swiss francs), subject to annual rev...

  14. Processes That Inform Multicultural Supervision: A meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tohidian, Nilou B; Quek, Karen Mui-Teng

    2017-03-16

    As the fields of counseling and psychotherapy have become more cognizant that individuals, couples, and families bring with them a myriad of diversity factors into therapy, multicultural competency has also become a crucial component in the development of clinicians during clinical supervision and training. We employed a qualitative meta-analysis to provide a detailed and comprehensive description of similar themes identified in primary qualitative studies that have investigated supervisory practices with an emphasis on diversity. Findings revealed six meta-categories, namely: (a) Supervisor's Multicultural Stances; (b) Supervisee's Multicultural Encounters; (c) Competency-Based Content in Supervision; (d) Processes Surrounding Multicultural Supervision; (e) Culturally Attuned Interventions; and (f) Multicultural Supervisory Alliance. Implications for practice are discussed.

  15. The Application of PLC' s Supervisory System in a Pressurization Station of Water Works%PLC监控系统在水厂加压站中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯国良

    2000-01-01

    介绍为水厂加压站研制的PLC监控系统的构成、作用和应用效果。%This paper introduces the structure, function and practi-cal application effect of a PLC' s supervisory control system used fora pressurization station of water works.

  16. Application of artificial intelligence in process control

    CERN Document Server

    Krijgsman, A

    1993-01-01

    This book is the result of a united effort of six European universities to create an overall course on the appplication of artificial intelligence (AI) in process control. The book includes an introduction to key areas including; knowledge representation, expert, logic, fuzzy logic, neural network, and object oriented-based approaches in AI. Part two covers the application to control engineering, part three: Real-Time Issues, part four: CAD Systems and Expert Systems, part five: Intelligent Control and part six: Supervisory Control, Monitoring and Optimization.

  17. Low-Cost Control System Built Upon Consumer-Based Electronics For Supervisory Control Of A Gas-Operated Heat Pump

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wetherington Jr, G Randall [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL; Mahderekal, Isaac [ORNL; Abu-Heiba, Ahmad [ORNL

    2017-06-01

    A preliminary evaluation of the performance of a consumer-based control system was conducted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Southwest Gas as part of a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) authorized by the Department of Energy (DOE) (Mahderekal et al. (2013). The goal of the research was to evaluate the low-cost approach as a solution for implementing a supervisory control system for a residential gas-operated heat pump. The design incorporated two consumer-based micro-controllers; the Arduino Mega-2650 and the BeagleBone (white). Ten five-ton heat pump systems were designed, fabricated, and operationally tested in the Las Vega NV region. A robust data set was produced that allowed detailed assessment of the reliability and the operational perfromance of the newly developed control system. Experiences gained from the test provided important points of improvement for subsequent evolution of the heat pump technology.

  18. Generalized conventional and intelligent supervisory control system for combined cycle generation power plants; Sistema de control supervisorio generalizado convencional e inteligente para centrales de generacion de ciclo combinado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez Morales, Miguel Angel

    2004-12-15

    The Mexican Electricity Utility (Comision Federal de Electricidad - CFE) growing program in Power Generation for the 2004 - 2008 period is based on Combined Cycle Power Plants (CCPP). In accordance with [CFE, 2000], the expected power generation capacity developed during such period will rise by the amount of 12876 MW, 10655 MW belonging to CCPP (82.75 %). With such important program for the increasing of Power Generation in Mexico, researches have to receive new technologies for CCPP, some of them not completely tested and immature, with the compromise to make then more efficient and reliable. Under such idea and looking to increase the automation level for CCPP with better control algorithms, the Supervisory Generalized Control (SGC) for CCPP was developed in this thesis, based on PID strategies and intelligent (fuzzy) control strategies. With the SGC is possible to get the best performance for the whole CCPP through the automatic starting, synchronizing and loading of the generating units (two gas turbines and one steam turbine) with a minimum participation of operators. To get the increased efficiency, the SGC generates the reference paths for both gas turbines (GT) first, and the steam turbine (ST). The SGC accelerates each unit with a minimum effort and vibrations getting the synchronizing speed in a minimum time and wasted energy. Then the SGC synchronize each unit taking minimum load quickly and loading up to the highest electric power value. All these can be done in an automated operation. The SGC employs two critical-process variable- control strategies, based on blade path temperature average (BPT Average) for Gas Turbines (GT) and the throttle steam pressure for the Steam Turbine (ST). The control algorithms designed take both units, the GT and the ST, picking up load to the highest process value avoiding the alarms activation and shutdown. This is possible only with such an automated control strategy. Test performed showed that with the SGC

  19. Proposal to negotiate an amendment to an existing contract for the supply of a supervisory control and data acquisition system to be used as a standard system at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This document concerns the proposal to negotiate an amendment to an existing contract for the supply of a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition system. For the reasons explained in this document, the Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of an extension to the contract with ETM (AT) for licences, as well as maintenance, consultancy and training for a period of ten years, for a Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA), to be used as a standard system at CERN, for an amount not exceeding 5 400 000 Swiss francs subject to revision, increasing the total amount of the contract from the previously approved 2 125 800 Swiss francs to 7 525 800 Swiss francs. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value: AT - 60%; DE - 40%.

  20. 电动汽车充电设施监控系统设计与实现%Design and Implementation of a Supervisory and Control System for Charging Facilities of Electric Vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵明宇; 王刚; 汪映辉; 孙广明

    2011-01-01

    The features of charging facilities for electric vehicles are described. The functional requirements of each part of the supervisory and control system are determined by a system demands analysis and system design thoughts are then proposed. According to the classification and abstract of the function service, a design scheme with layered architecture is provided. The supervisory and control system is divided into four layers, namely, the system platform layer, the support service layer, the service layer and the application layer. Three communication network configuration modes for the supervisory and control of charging facilities in the major application environments are proposed. Realization of each layer of the cross-platform supervisory and control system software is given. Field monitoring results show that the system is satisfactory.%介绍了电动汽车充电设施监控的特点,通过系统需求分析确定了监控系统各部分的功能要求,进而提出了系统设计思路;根据功能服务分类与抽象提出了系统分层体系架构设计方案,把监控系统分为系统平台层、支撑服务层、公共服务层以及应用层4层;提出了3种主要应用环境下充电设施监控的通信组网方式;给出了跨平台监控系统软件各个分层的具体实现.

  1. Rough set based multi-agent system cooperation for industrial supervisory interface system%基于粗糙集理论的工控界面多智能体协作模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王滔; 费敏锐; 雷电

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, rough set theory is introduced into the interface multi-agent system (MAS) for industrial supervisory system.Taking advantages of rough set in data mining, a cooperation model for MAS is built. Rules for avoiding cooperation conflict are deduced. An optimization algorithm is used to enhance security and real time attributes of the system. An application based on the proposed algorithm and rules are given.

  2. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WEB-BASED SUPERVISORY CONTROL SYSTEM FOR THE COMMUNICATION NETWORK OF ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM%基于Web的电力通信网监控系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱磊; 任煜; 胡均权

    2001-01-01

    The concept of the Web-based management and its superiority used in the supervisory control system in the communication network of electric power system are introduced. The functions and architecture of the Web-based supervisory control system are in detail described. In addition, the implementation approach and some technical details, including techniques of dynamic access to the database and of real-time alarming in the Web-based management system are also discussed. A WWW solution for real-time problems is presented. The practical operating results show that the Web-based supervisory control system for the communication network of electric power system can realize the real-time supervisory and control effectively and reliably.%介绍了基于Web管理的概念,以及在电力通信网监控管理系统中使用基于Web的管理模式的优越性。详细介绍了基于Web的电力通信网监控系统的系统功能及其体系结构。给出了系统实现方案,并对其中所涉及的一些技术细节进行了讨论,包括动态访问数据库的动态网页技术和基于Web的管理系统中实时告警问题的处理,提出了针对系统实时问题的WWW解决方案。实际运行表明,基于Web的电力通信网监控系统可靠、有效地实现了对现行电力载波系统的实时监控。

  3. Supervisory system of PVC conversion process basing on IPC%基于IPC的PVC转化工序监控系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊立

    2003-01-01

    简要叙述了对聚氯乙烯车间转化工序监控系统的改造,简介了系统的硬件构成和软件功能.硬件部分采用IPC进行显示监控和数据处理,I/O模块安装在现场,选用带冷端温度补偿的热电偶输入模块等.软件部分中操作系统选用Windows NT 4.0中文版,监控软件采用GenieDAQ,经过改造节省了投资,增强了系统的扩展能力,工作状态稳定,满足了技术要求.

  4. Criteria of Sharī‘ah supervisory committee: A comparative study between guidelines of Bangladesh Bank and Bank Negara Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Amanullah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic banking and finance differs from conventional banking and finance in that it follows the rules of Sharī‘ah. In order to ensure that Islamic banking and finance follows the Sharī‘ah rulings, it is essential for it to have a Sharī‘ah supervisory board. An important duty of this board is to determine that the products, services, policies, guidelines and all other activities performed by the Islamic bank, are in compliance with the Sharī‘ah rulings. To perform their duty properly, the members of this board should possess certain criteria. Bangladesh Bank has spelled out some guidelines for these criteria briefly. Likewise, Bank Negara Malaysia has provided some guidelines. The main objectives of this research paper are to highlight the guidelines of these two banks on these criteria, compare them and evaluate them in light of Sharī‘ah guidelines on these criteria spelled out by contemporary Muslim jurists.

  5. Application of an automation system and a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system for the optimal operation of a membrane adsorption hybrid system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, P J; Vigneswaran, S; Ngo, H H; Nguyen, H T; Ben-Aim, R

    2006-01-01

    The application of automation and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems to municipal water and wastewater treatment plants is rapidly increasing. However, the application of these systems is less frequent in the research and development phases of emerging treatment technologies used in these industries. This study involved the implementation of automation and a SCADA system to the submerged membrane adsorption hybrid system for use in a semi-pilot scale research project. An incremental approach was used in the development of the automation and SCADA systems, leading to the development of two new control systems. The first system developed involved closed loop control of the backwash initiation, based upon a pressure increase, leading to productivity improvements as the backwash is only activated when required, not at a fixed time. This system resulted in a 40% reduction in the number of backwashes required and also enabled optimised operations under unsteady concentrations of wastewater. The second system developed involved closed loop control of the backwash duration, whereby the backwash was terminated when the pressure reached a steady state. This system resulted in a reduction of the duration of the backwash of up to 25% and enabled optimised operations as the foulant build-up within the reactor increased.

  6. Shifts in Competences between Member States and the EU in the New Supervisory System for Credit Institutions and their Consequences for Judicial Protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Wissink

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM is a striking example of the tendency within the EU to transfer decisive, regulatory and enforcement powers to the EU level. The SSM involves a complex system of mixed administration in order to ensure effective banking supervision within the Eurozone. Whereas such mixed administration might be necessary in order to achieve effective cross-border supervision, it also creates legal uncertainties due to the different legal orders involved. In this paper, the effect of the mixed administration on formal and substantive judicial protection is discussed.The paper analyses the right of access to the courts in the case of common procedures and certain ECB decisions. Furthermore, it is examined whether the ECB and national competent authorities have adequate powers to carry out supervision within the SSM. Lastly, the paper pursues the issues with regard to substantive judicial protection in greater depth, in particular the right of respect for the home and the rights of defence.

  7. Shifts in Competences between Member States and the EU in the New Supervisory System for Credit Institutions and their Consequences for Judicial Protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Wissink

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM is a striking example of the tendency within the EU to transfer decisive, regulatory and enforcement powers to the EU level. The SSM involves a complex system of mixed administration in order to ensure effective banking supervision within the Eurozone. Whereas such mixed administration might be necessary in order to achieve effective cross-border supervision, it also creates legal uncertainties due to the different legal orders involved. In this paper, the effect of the mixed administration on formal and substantive judicial protection is discussed.The paper analyses the right of access to the courts in the case of common procedures and certain ECB decisions. Furthermore, it is examined whether the ECB and national competent authorities have adequate powers to carry out supervision within the SSM. Lastly, the paper pursues the issues with regard to substantive judicial protection in greater depth, in particular the right of respect for the home and the rights of defence.

  8. 基于Modbus通信智能楼宇监控系统设计%The Development of Intelligence Building Supervisory System Based on Modbus Correspondence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐宇明

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the design of supervisory and control system for elevator and the power supply and the illumi-nation. Based on object-oriented idea, the intelligence control system for elevator and the power supply and the illumination is designed and realized by applying Modbus communication protocol of the RTU and N80 rectangular PLC , Thus,a new solution with lower cost and higher efficiency is proposed for control system for intelligence building equipments and other intelligence devices.%阐述了一种电梯和供电及照明的智能楼宇监控系统设计。采用面向对象的设计思想,利用Modbus RTU通信协议和N80矩形PLC对电梯和供电及照明的智能控制系统进行设计与实现的方法,为低成本高效率实现智能楼宇设备及其它智能设备控制系统的设计提出了新方案。

  9. How do we know what makes for "best practice" in clinical supervision for psychological therapists? A content analysis of supervisory models and approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson-Southward, Chloe; Waller, Glenn; Hardy, Gillian E

    2017-04-19

    Clinical supervision for psychotherapies is widely used in clinical and research contexts. Supervision is often assumed to ensure therapy adherence and positive client outcomes, but there is little empirical research to support this contention. Regardless, there are numerous supervision models, but it is not known how consistent their recommendations are. This review aimed to identify which aspects of supervision are consistent across models, and which are not. A content analysis of 52 models revealed 71 supervisory elements. Models focus more on supervisee learning and/or development (88.46%), but less on emotional aspects of work (61.54%) or managerial or ethical responsibilities (57.69%). Most models focused on the supervisee (94.23%) and supervisor (80.77%), rather than the client (48.08%) or monitoring client outcomes (13.46%). Finally, none of the models were clearly or adequately empirically based. Although we might expect clinical supervision to contribute to positive client outcomes, the existing models have limited client focus and are inconsistent. Therefore, it is not currently recommended that one should assume that the use of such models will ensure consistent clinician practice or positive therapeutic outcomes. There is little evidence for the effectiveness of supervision. There is a lack of consistency in supervision models. Services need to assess whether supervision is effective for practitioners and patients. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  10. A Short-Term Outage Model of Wind Turbines with Doubly Fed Induction Generators Based on Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peng Sun

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a short-term wind turbine (WT outage model based on the data collected from a wind farm supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA system. Neural networks (NNs are used to establish prediction models of the WT condition parameters that are dependent on environmental conditions such as ambient temperature and wind speed. The prediction error distributions are discussed and used to calculate probabilities of the operation of protection relays (POPRs that were caused by the threshold exceedance of the environmentally sensitive parameters. The POPRs for other condition parameters are based on the setting time of the operation of protection relays. The union probability method is used to integrate the probabilities of operation of each protection relay to predict the WT short term outage probability. The proposed method has been used for real 1.5 MW WTs with doubly fed induction generators (DFIGs. The results show that the proposed method is more effective in WT outage probability prediction than traditional methods.

  11. Summary Describing Integration of ERM Methodology into Supervisory Control Framework with Software Package Documentation; Advanced Reactor Technology Milestone: M4AT-16PN2301052

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramuhalli, Pradeep [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Hirt, Evelyn H. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Dib, Gerges [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Veeramany, Arun [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Bonebrake, Christopher A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Roy, Surajit [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2016-09-20

    This project involved the development of enhanced risk monitors (ERMs) for active components in Advanced Reactor (AdvRx) designs by integrating real-time information about equipment condition with risk monitors. Health monitoring techniques in combination with predictive estimates of component failure based on condition and risk monitors can serve to indicate the risk posed by continued operation in the presence of detected degradation. This combination of predictive health monitoring based on equipment condition assessment and risk monitors can also enable optimization of maintenance scheduling with respect to the economics of plant operation. This report summarizes PNNL’s multi-year project on the development and evaluation of an ERM concept for active components while highlighting FY2016 accomplishments. Specifically, this report provides a status summary of the integration and demonstration of the prototypic ERM framework with the plant supervisory control algorithms being developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and describes additional case studies conducted to assess sensitivity of the technology to different quantities. Supporting documentation on the software package to be provided to ONRL is incorporated in this report.

  12. An engineering study and concept design of the Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) for conventional systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norman, L.S.

    1993-05-01

    The study objective was to evaluate several conventional equipment SCADA system architectural concepts and to recommend an approach for development. Each of the concepts given consideration had to satisfy the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) conventional equipment SCADA application requirements and the evaluation process determined which approach represented the best technical and most cost effective solution to the system requirements. Based on the results of the concept evaluation process, a personal computer based approach was recommended for the SSC conventional equipment SCADA application. Block diagrams and budgetary cost estimate for this approach were developed with specific recommendations with respect to the conventional equipment SCADA system architecture and development process.

  13. Social exclusion in the rural areas – chosen non-monetary indicators in the region of Wielkopolska

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sławomir Kalinowski

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Together with the European integration, an opportunity to increase the transparency of key policy priorities of overcoming of social exclusion appeared. Selected indicators of social exclusion related to unemployment and education level were discussed in this paper. The paper also aims to reveal the problems of social exclusion and discuss the most significant activities towards its reduction. The influence of long-term and permanent unemployment on exclusion from society was presented. The impact of education on unemployment size, as well as the need for greater and more efficient investment in human capital were discussed.

  14. Auction Mechanisms For Allocating Individualized Non-monetary Retention Incentives in Complex Decision Environments: Evaluation Via Laboratory Experimentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    nature, meaning that the optimal bidding strategy is to bid one’s true value for a product or service. This is the critical difference between a first...15,000 and telecommuting at $8,000. In combination, these may become valued at $17,000. Again, reasons for sub-additive effects can only be...cost for most individuals, while sabbatical and telecommuting appear to cost the military more in relation to most people’s value for the NMIs. For

  15. 非货币性交易审计初探%Study on the Audit of Non-monetary Transaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋立

    2003-01-01

    近年来,我国出现了一些上市公司利用非货币性交易粉饰经营业绩,提供虚假财务信息等现象,必须加强和重视对非货币性交易的审计,以保证会计信息的相关性和可靠性.

  16. Monetary and Non-monetary SWO Retention Bonuses: An Experimental Approach to the Combinatorial Retention Auction Mechanism (CRAM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    this illustration offer individual values that exceed the Navy’s cost to provide the incentive for most individuals. On the other hand, telecommuting ...cost effective for the Navy to offer geographic stability and homeport to these SWOs. At the same time, there are some SWOs that value telecommuting ...and sabbaticals more than it costs the Navy’s provide them. The Navy would omit a cost-effective incentive if it did not offer telecommuting and

  17. Allocating Non-Monetary Incentives for Navy Nurse Corps Officers: Menu Method vs. Bid Method Combinatorial Retention Auction Mechanism (CRAM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Generation X and Y, and the Millennials ” all place distinctively different demands on employers based on their expectations. The “boomers’ make up the...majority of the professional nursing labor force and their exercising their options to retire at an increasing rate. Generation X, Y, and the Millennials ...must look at Firm B’s offer, which becomes the subject’s reservation wage , and then enter a salary request to Firm A. As previously discussed, if an

  18. Measuring the impact of non-monetary incentives on facility delivery in rural Zambia: a clustered randomised controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, P; Connor, A L; Guo, E; Nambao, M; Chanda-Kapata, P; Lambo, N; Phiri, C

    2016-04-01

    In Zambia, only 56% of rural women deliver in a health facility, and improving facility delivery rates is a priority of the Zambian government. 'Mama kit' incentives - small packages of childcare items provided to mothers conditional on delivering their baby in a facility - may encourage facility delivery. This study measured the impact and cost-effectiveness of a US$4 mama kit on rural facility delivery rates in Zambia. A clustered randomised controlled trial was used to measure the impact of mama kits on facility delivery rates in thirty rural health facilities in Serenje and Chadiza districts. Facility-level antenatal care and delivery registers were used to measure the percentage of women attending antenatal care who delivered at a study facility during the intervention period. Results from the trial were then used to model the cost-effectiveness of mama kits at-scale in terms of cost per death averted. The mama kits intervention resulted in a statistically significant increase in facility delivery rates. The multivariate logistic regression found that the mama kits intervention increased the odds of delivering at a facility by 63% (P-value < 0.01, 95% CI: 29%, 106%), or an increase of 9.9 percentage points, yielding a cost-effectiveness of US$5183 per death averted. This evaluation confirms that low-cost mama kits can be a cost-effective intervention to increase facility delivery rates in rural Zambia. Mama kits alone are unlikely to completely solve safe delivery challenges but should be embedded in larger maternal and child health programmes. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. Endogenous cortisol levels are associated with an imbalanced striatal sensitivity to monetary versus non-monetary cues in pathological gamblers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, Y.; Sescousse, G.T.; Dreher, J.C.

    2014-01-01

    Pathological gambling is a behavioral addiction characterized by a chronic failure to resist the urge to gamble. It shares many similarities with drug addiction. Glucocorticoid hormones including cortisol are thought to play a key role in the vulnerability to addictive behaviors, by acting on the me

  20. Inspiration and Reference of American Foundations’ Audit Supervisory Mechanism%美国基金会审计监督机制的启示与借鉴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵哲耘

    2014-01-01

    With a long history of foundation’ s development in America, the audit supervision of foundations is rather mature and complete than that of other countries.Hence the experience and patterns of American foundations serves as important reference for our countries, including China.This paper starts with a brief description of foun-dations’ development of both China and America, and then summarizes and analyses the particular case of govern-ment audit, internal audit and social audit in America.The paper takes the Ford Foundation as an example to illus-trate the specific action of American audit supervision.In conclusion, the paper proposes several suggestions for reference, aiming at developing our foundations’ audit supervisory mechanism.%美国有着悠久的基金会行业发展史,基金会审计监督机制也相对较成熟和完善,其经验和模式对我国有着重要的启示和借鉴意义。本文首先对中美两国基金会的发展现状进行简要说明,然后就美国基金会的政府审计、内部审计和社会审计的具体情况进行归纳和分析,再以福特基金会为例说明美国基金会审计监督的具体做法,最后总结出完善我国基金会审计监督机制的若干建议。

  1. An alignment model for the research higher degree supervision process using repertory grids - reflections on application in practice in built environment research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Aranda-Mena

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available From PhD-doing to PhD-done is not as from A to B. This paper aims to increasing the understanding of the complex relationship between the doctoral research and the supervisory process. The research method is that of repertory-grids where the authors discuss successful completions. The paper is argumentative in nature and provides insights to a complex process largely untested. A supervisory model previously presented by both authors (Aranda-Mena & Gameson, 2004 is tested in two areas: (1 the research process and (2 personality factors. The paper increases common understanding of what it takes to completing a PhD and supervisory challenges in such long process. Supervision is a key factor to completing a PhD and to developing the intellectual, analytical and research skills expected of PhD graduates. The authors call for more research, both theoretical and empirical, in this important area.[ISD1] [ISD1]Suggest a bit more detail for the abstract for a journal paper. Will reflect on this and send suggestions

  2. 网民舆论监督权的法治保障探讨%On Legal Guarantee Against the Supervisory Right of Network Public Opinions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈堂发

    2011-01-01

    基于政治民主、权利本位的本质要求,网民对于公权话题的批评监督言论面对刑事指控时,必须阻止地方权力意志支配的刑事惩处行为。以刑事惩治行政化、私人化、利益化为主要表现形式的偏刑主义地方政策,将直接影响到以知情权、参与权、表达权、监督权为核心内容的网民舆论监督权的实现。从适度倾斜保护公民政治表达权考虑,应严格刑事侵犯行为所致后果的认证与证明程序,强化相对人举证指控内容的法定责任,完善刑事诉讼程序,优化刑事制裁体系,明细刑事实体法条款,多途径遏制地方公权机构滥用刑事政策,最大限度收缩刑事制裁范围,力戒权力造罪。%In accordance with political democracy and standard of right,penal penalty administered by local authorities must be avoided when net citizen's expression of criticism over public issues is confronted with penal charge.The criminal-law-inclined local policy represented by administrative,personal,and profit influence will directly affect the realization of the supervisory right of network public opinions represented by the right to know,participate,express and supervise.Out of consideration for the protection of citizens' political expression,the recognition and verification of the consequences caused by penal offense must be standardized,and the legal responsibilities of the accuser must be strengthened.And the legal proceedings must be improved,the penal penalty system optimized,the legal provisions specified,in order to prevent the abuse of administrative power on the criminal law system and avoid any forms of power-make-guilt.

  3. A Real-time Data Distribution Method for Supervisory and Control System in Large or Middle Hydropower Station%一种大中型水电厂监控系统实时数据分流方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏智娟; 李斌; 顾锋; 孙毅

    2012-01-01

    The typical system structure and real-time data classification of supervisory and control system is introduced. A realtime data distribution method for supervisory and control system in large or middle hydropower station is proposed, including its general target, design idea and general structure. The method is described in'details from cross-platform implementation, event transmission, real-time data transmission and load-balancing, etc. . Finally, the application of this method is also introduced.%介绍了典型的水电厂监控系统结构和系统实时数据分类方法.提出了一种大中型水电厂监控系统的实时数据分流方法,描述了该方法的总体目标、设计思想和总体结构,从跨平台实现、事件传输、同步数据传输、负载均衡等方面对该方法进行了详细说明,并介绍了该方法的应用.

  4. 轨道交通综合监控仿真培训系统数据交互模块的设计%Design of the Data Interaction Module for Rail Transit Integrated Supervisory Simulation Training System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱祁; 崔伟; 谢向阳

    2016-01-01

    为了实现轨道交通综合监控仿真培训系统与各种综合监控系统的有效连接和信息交互,设计了一种数据交互模块.该模块具备便利的管理接口、多种数据存储单元及配套的读写接口,并且具有一个通信协议池,支持多种通信协议接口与综合监控系统进行数据交互.该模块成功地连接了轨道交通综合监控系统与仿真模拟器,具有很好的实用性和扩展性.%In order to realize the effective links and information interaction between rail transit integrated supervisory system and various kinds of integrated monitoring systems,a data interaction module is design. The module is equipped with convenient management interface,a variety of data storage units,as well as the matched interface for read and write. In addition,communication protocols pool is possessed to support multiple communication protocol interfaces for data interacting with integrated monitoring systems. The module connects the integrated supervisory system of rail transit and the simulator successfully,and has very good practicability and extensibility.

  5. Supervisory Practice: A Qualitative Study

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Dem zügigen Erstellen von Diplomarbeiten und Promotionen wird in Australien vermehrt Aufmerksamkeit geschenkt, seit die Regierung im Jahr 2003 ein Fördersystem für Universitäten eingerichtet hat, das u.a. die zeitgerechte Fertigstellung von studentischen Forschungsarbeiten honoriert. Eine australische Universität hat hierauf mit der Einführung von Lehr- und Lernplänen reagiert. Ziel dieser Vorgaben ist nicht nur die Verbesserung von Betreuungspraktiken, sondern auch die frühzeitige Identifika...

  6. CERN HEALTH INSURANCE SUPERVISORY BOARD

    CERN Multimedia

    Sylvain Weisz

    2002-01-01

    All Members of the CERN Health Insurance Scheme (CHIS) are invited to a: CHIS Public Information Meeting Main Amphitheatre Tuesday 1 October 2002 (14:00-16:00) Topics will include the CHIS balance, trends in costs and the challenges facing our Scheme. Particular emphasis will be placed on hospitalisation in the Geneva area. Sylvain Weisz Chairman of the CHIS Board

  7. Supervisory Control of Unmanned Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    Interacting With Autonomy) 2007, 22 (2), 52–59. Daily, M.; Cho, Y.; Martin , K.; Payton, D. World Embedded Interfaces for Human-Robot Interaction...D. D.; Tittle, J.; Feil , M.; Roesler, A. Envisioning Human-Robot Coordination in Future Operations. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and...RDRL HRM A J MARTIN MYER CENTER BLDG 2700 RM 2D311 FORT MONMOUTH NJ 07703-5601 1 ARMY RSCH LABORATORY – HRED RDRL HRM C A

  8. 400 t/h锅炉FSSS装置的改进%A Study of the Measures Adopted for Improving the Furnace Safeguard Supervisory System of a 400 t/h Boiler

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖汉才; 欧阳优凡

    2001-01-01

    In view of some intrinsic limitations of the FSSS (furnace safeguard supervisory system) of a 400 t/h boiler a whole range of measures have been taken to achiev e a stabilized combustion, reduce the occurrence of furnace flame failures and a void boiler furnace explosive firing or puff. Furthermore, these measures can al so heigh ten the boiler's adaptability to fire various inferior-quality coals, resulting in an enhanced cost-effectiveness and safe operation of the boiler.%针对400 t/h锅炉原FSSS装置的局限性,通过改进FSSS装置 和采取稳燃措施,减少了灭火次数,又避免锅炉放炮,使锅炉适应燃烧劣质煤,提高了机组 经济效益和安全性能。

  9. Supervisory Control System for Multilayer Up-down and Translation Cubic Car-base%多层升降平移式立体车库监控系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云生; 刘炜; 张寿明; 祝晓红

    2000-01-01

    This paper introduces the electrical architecture of up-down and translation cubic car-base, the performance of supervisory control system and the analysis of system dynamic program. The system is composed of industrial-control-computer, programmable logical controller and spot operation units, realizing the parking and getting of cars and the dispatching management with the multitask mode.%介绍升降平移式立体车库电气结构、监控系统的功能和系统动态程序分析。系统采用工控计算机、可编程控制器和现场操作单元组成,以多任务方式完成车辆存取和调度管理。

  10. 基于用户权限的综合监控系统报警管理研究%Research on Alarm Management of Integrated Supervisory Control System Based on User Permissions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡阳

    2015-01-01

    According to the different demand of human-machine interface user permissions and alarm management in Integrated Supervisory Control System, alarm management function was designed and finished based on user permissions, which realized centralized management of user authority and alarm information and obtained good application effect.%针对综合监控系统中人机界面用户权限和报警管理的差异化需求,设计并完成了基于用户权限的报警管理功能,实现了用户权限与报警信息的集中管理,并取得了良好的应用效果。

  11. 德阳小作坊加工食品卫生安全的监管现状%Hygiene Security and Supervisory Measures of Small Workshop Food in Deyang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯吉

    2013-01-01

    目的 对德阳小作坊加工食品卫生安全监管情况,提出对策,保障群众食品安全.方法 按国家标准方法检测大肠菌群、沙门菌、志贺菌和金黄色葡萄球菌等微生物指标;按国家标准方法检测酸价、过氧化值、铅、砷等理化指标;按国家标准方法检测二氧化硫残留量、亚硝酸盐残留量等食品添加剂指标.结果 共检测小作坊加工食品样品75批次,检出不合格19批次,不合格率25.3%.结论小作坊加工食品的卫生情况不容乐观,应当制定监管政策并加强对其的监管.%Objective To understand the hygiene security status and supervisory measures of small workshop food in Deyang, so as to ensure the food safety for the people. Methods According to the national standard methods , coliform group, salmonella, Shigella, staphylococcus aureus were detected; physical and chemical indexes of acid value, peroxide value, lead, arsenic and so on were tested; and food additives residues of sulfur dioxide and nitrite were tested. Results Totally 75 batches were detected, among which 19 batches were unqualified, with the reject ratio of 25. 3%. The main unqualified reason was chemical risk. Conclusion The hygiene security status and supervisory measures of small workshop food in Deyang is not optimistic, the government should strengthen the supervision on the small food workshops.

  12. Applications of the System of Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition in Petrochemical Enterprise%数据采集与监控系统在石油化工企业中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海鹏; 戴波

    2014-01-01

    The system of supervisory control and data acquisition(SCADA)plays an important role in production management of petrochemical enterprise. In the paper,the present situation and problems in production management of petrochemical enterprise are discussed first. Taking the project of petrochemical works,it establish SCADA by using industrial communication gateway,isolation gateway and pSpace real-time database. With this system,the compatibility problems of data acquisition system interfaces with various transmission protocols are solved. It is easy to maintain the synchronization be-tween the production data and management data,and achieve the real-time production data acquisition and unified management. It is helpful to improve the production efficiency and the level of information management.%数据采集与监控(Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition,SCADA)系统在石油化工企业生产管理过程中发挥着重要的作用。本文通过研究目前石油化工企业生产管理的现状和存在的问题,并以某石油化工厂为例,设计了采用数采网关、隔离数采网关、pSpace 实时数据库建立的数据采集与监控系统,解决了各采集系统数据接口与传输协议的兼容问题,实现了对生产数据的实时采集和统一管理,保持了企业生产数据和管理数据的同步性和一致性,有助于提高企业的生产效率和信息化管理水平。

  13. Evaluation of an in-vehicle monitoring system (IVMS) to reduce risky driving behaviors in commercial drivers: Comparison of in-cab warning lights and supervisory coaching with videos of driving behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Jennifer L; Taylor, Matthew A; Chen, Guang-Xiang; Kirk, Rachel D; Leatherman, Erin R

    2017-02-01

    Roadway incidents are the leading cause of work-related death in the United States. The objective of this research was to evaluate whether two types of feedback from a commercially available in-vehicle monitoring system (IVMS) would reduce the incidence of risky driving behaviors in drivers from two companies. IVMS were installed in 315 vehicles representing the industries of local truck transportation and oil and gas support operations, and data were collected over an approximate two-year period in intervention and control groups. In one period, intervention group drivers were given feedback from in-cab warning lights from an IVMS that indicated occurrence of harsh vehicle maneuvers. In another period, intervention group drivers viewed video recordings of their risky driving behaviors with supervisors, and were coached by supervisors on safe driving practices. Risky driving behaviors declined significantly more during the period with coaching plus instant feedback with lights in comparison to the period with lights-only feedback (ORadj=0.61 95% CI 0.43-0.86; Holm-adjusted p=0.035) and the control group (ORadj=0.52 95% CI 0.33-0.82; Holm-adjusted p=0.032). Lights-only feedback was not found to be significantly different than the control group's decline from baseline (ORadj=0.86 95% CI 0.51-1.43; Holm-adjusted p>0.05). The largest decline in the rate of risky driving behaviors occurred when feedback included both supervisory coaching and lights. Supervisory coaching is an effective form of feedback to improve driving habits in the workplace. The potential advantages and limitations of this IVMS-based intervention program are discussed. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  14. Organic Micropollutants Removal from Water by Oxidation and Other Processes:QSAR Models, Decision Support System and Hybrids of Processes

    KAUST Repository

    Sudhakaran, Sairam

    2013-08-01

    The presence of organic micropollutants (OMPs) in water is of great environmental concern. OMPs such as endocrine disruptors and certain pharmaceuticals have shown alarming effects on aquatic life. OMPs are included in the priority list of contaminants in several government directorate frameworks. The low levels of OMPs concentration (ng/L to μg/L) force the use of sophisticated analytical instruments. Although, the techniques to detect OMPs are progressing, the focus of current research is only on limited, important OMPs due to the high amount of time, cost and effort involved in analyzing them. Alternatively, quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) models help to screen processes and propose appropriate options without considerable experimental effort. QSAR models are well-established in regulatory bodies as a method to screen toxic chemicals. The goal of the present thesis was to develop QSAR models for OMPs removal by oxidation. Apart from the QSAR models, a decision support system (DSS) based on multi-criteria analysis (MCA) involving socio-economic-technical and sustainability aspects was developed. Also, hybrids of different water treatment processes were studied to propose a sustainable water treatment train for OMPs removal. In order to build the QSAR models, the ozone/hydroxyl radical rate constants or percent removals of the OMPs were compiled. Several software packages were used to 5 compute the chemical properties of OMPs and perform statistical analyses. For DSS, MCA was used since it allows the comparison of qualitative (non-monetary, non-metric) and quantitative criteria (e.g., costs). Quadrant plots were developed to study the hybrid of natural and advanced water treatment processes. The QSAR models satisfied both chemical and statistical criteria. The DSS resulted in natural treatment and ozonation as the preferred processes for OMPs removal. The QSAR models can be used as a screening tool for OMPs removal by oxidation. Moreover, the

  15. Endogenous Split Awards as a Bid Protest and Procurement Management Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    voluntary separation bonus auctions, using purely monetary incentives or individualized combinations of monetary and non- monetary incentives, and...with accuracy in resolving contract disputes. Expediency favors a quick resolution, while accuracy may require a more deliberative process. The

  16. 督导式健康教肓对脑卒中的预防及患者生活质量的影响∗%Effect of Supervisory Health Education on Quality of Life of Patients with Stroke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李军

    2014-01-01

    目的探讨督导式健康教育对脑卒中高危人群预防效果和脑卒中患者生活质量的影响。方法选择玉田镇19例及县城外6个乡镇96例脑卒中患者,根据随机数字表格法将两组患者分为玉田镇观察组、玉田镇对照组、县城外观察组、县城外对照组。观察组患者采用有计划的督导式健康教育,玉田镇与县城外的对照组患者均只发放脑卒中相关治疗的健康宣传册。随后记录并评估4组在宣教前后1个月对焦虑状态(采用汉密尔顿 HAMA量表评估)、日常生活能力(采用 Barthel Index 指数评估)、生活满意度、功能独立性(采用 FIM指数量表评估)、实施前后高危人群危险因素控制情况,并进行比较与总结。结果玉田镇、县城外观察组实施督导式教育后与各自教育前、本地对照组教育后比较,H AMA 评分、生活满意度指数评分、日常生活能力评分、FIM指数显著提高,差异有统计学意义(P <0.05);4组危险因素发生率均下降,县城外观察组教育后与其对照组比较,差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论督导式健康教育可以有助于患者主动调整生活方式,控制诱发脑卒中的危险因素,改善患者生活质量,增强家属对患者的监督性,积极有效地预防脑卒中的发生。%Obj ective]To explore the efficacy of supervisory health education in high-risk population with stroke in 7 towns of Yutian county.[Methods]Totally 1 6 stroke patients in Yutian county and 9 6 stroke pa-tients in 6 towns outside county were chosen and randomly divided into Yutian county observation group,Yu-tian county control group,outside county observation group and outside county control group.The observation groups received the designed supervisory health education,while the control groups of Yutian county and out-side county were only given health-related brochures about stroke treatment.Anxiety state(HAMA scale), daily living activity(Barthel index

  17. Software factory techniques applied to process control at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Dutour, Mathias D

    2008-01-01

    The CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) requires constant monitoring and control of quantities of parameters to guarantee operational conditions. For this purpose, a methodology called UNICOS (UNIfied Industrial COntrols Systems) has been implemented to standardize the design of process control applications. To further accelerate the development of these applications, we migrated our existing UNICOS tooling suite toward a software factory in charge of assembling project, domain and technical information seamlessly into deployable PLC (Programmable logic Controller) - SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) systems. This software factory delivers consistently high quality by reducing human error and repetitive tasks, and adapts to user specifications in a cost-efficient way. Hence, this production tool is designed to encapsulate and hide the PLC and SCADA target platforms, enabling the experts to focus on the business model rather than specific syntaxes and grammars. Based on industry standard software, ...

  18. Software factory techniques applied to Process Control at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Dutour, MD

    2007-01-01

    The CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) requires constant monitoring and control of quantities of parameters to guarantee operational conditions. For this purpose, a methodology called UNICOS (UNIfied Industrial COntrols Systems) has been implemented to standardize the design of process control applications. To further accelerate the development of these applications, we migrated our existing UNICOS tooling suite toward a software factory in charge of assembling project, domain and technical information seamlessly into deployable PLC (Programmable logic Controller) – SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) systems. This software factory delivers consistently high quality by reducing human error and repetitive tasks, and adapts to user specifications in a cost-efficient way. Hence, this production tool is designed to encapsulate and hide the PLC and SCADA target platforms, enabling the experts to focus on the business model rather than specific syntaxes and grammars. Based on industry standard software...

  19. Supervisory system for real time monitoring of transient thermal stresses in turbines rotors; Sistema supervisorio para el monitoreo en tiempo real de esfuerzos termicos transitorios en rotores de turbinas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urquiza Beltran, Gustavo; Rios Miranda, Edmundo; Venegas Guzman, Ricardo; Alvarez Garcia, Gabriela [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1991-12-31

    This article presents a supervisory system that, as its main functions, assists the operator on base of the thermal stresses, monitoring in real time the high pressure (HP) and intermediate pressure rotors (IP) of a steam turbine during the start, shut down and/or sudden load changes. The system is based on a thermal model uni-dimensional integrated to the SIMPER (Information System for the Predictive Maintenance of Rotating Equipment), tested in a 300 MW unit of Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE). [Espanol] En este articulo se presenta un sistema supervisorio que, como funciones principales, asiste al operador con base en el monitoreo de esfuerzos termicos en tiempo real en los rotores de presion alta (PA) y presion intermedia (PI) de una turbina de vapor durante un arranque, paro y/o variaciones bruscas de carga. El sistema esta basado en un modelo termico unidimensional integrado al SIMPER (sistema informatico para el mantenimiento predictivo de equipo rotatorio), experimentado en una unidad de 300 MW de la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE).

  20. Development of Computer Supervisory And Control System of Taipingwan Hydropower Plant Based On Wonderware IAS 2.1 System%基于IAS 2.1的太平湾发电厂计算机监控系统开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海涛; 于德明; 张丽英; 王延廷

    2012-01-01

    介绍了基于Industrial Application Server 2.1(IAS 2.1)系统完成太平湾发电厂计算机监控系统改造的情况.分析了太平湾发电厂的环境条件、目前主流计算机监控系统的应用现状和技术状态、应用于太平湾发电厂监控项目的工业自动化平台软件的技术需求;结合IAS 2.1的主要技术特点论证了该平台软件的可行性,提供了将IAS 2.1应用于水电厂综合监控系统的典型实例,从系统结构、主机配置、网络设计、IAS 2.1角色分配、主备式数据引擎设计等主要方面作了突出说明,有助于了解基于IAS 2.1的水电厂计算机监控系统的技术特色.同时,对实例的实际效果和应用情况进行了总结和提炼.%In this article, circumstance of reform of computerized supervisory and control system of Taipingwan hydropower plant performed based on industrial application server 2. 1 (IAS 2.1) is introduced in brief, stressed items are mentioned as follow: analysis is made on environment and condition of Taipingwan hydropower plant; aanalysis is made on applied status and technical status of current computerized supervisory and control system; analysis is made on requirement on technology to industrial automation software applied to supervisory and control system project of Taipingwan hydropower plant; feasibility of software IAS 2.1 to be acted as platform is demonstrated with main technical features it present. A typical instance is provided for application in computerized synthetical supervisory and control of hydropower plant, special explaining is given to main aspects such as system structure, configured component, design of net, the role played in IAS 2.1, design of data engine which operate in primary or standby mode, etc. , that is helpful to know technical characteristic of computerized supervisory and control system of hydropower plant. After all, summarizing and refining is made to actual effect and running status of application.

  1. Simulation of a combustion process of a billet reheating furnace; Simulacao do processo de combustao de um forno de reaquecimento de tarugos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goncalves, Eduardo Sergio da Silva; Barros, Jose Eduardo Mautone [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Mecanica; Ribeiro, Vicente Aleixo Pinheiro [ArcelorMittal Monlevade, Serra, ES (Brazil); Moura Junior, Jose dos Reis Vieira de [ArcelorMittal Long Carbon Americas (Luxembourg); Belisario, Leandro Pego [Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto (UFOP), MG (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    Real data-based energy balances with few simplifications are a powerful tool for furnaces energy performance evaluation, helping technical people to guide efforts in energy consumption issues, and consequently, in a final product cost reduction. This paper presents a methodology to simulate the combustion process in several operational conditions of a walking-hearth reheat furnace for billets in rolling mill facilities. The computational model consists, basically, in a dynamical solution which measured input variables are supplied from the furnaces supervisory and compared to measures by instruments in the system. Finally, it is made a variability analysis of the furnace and heat exchangers efficiencies.. (author)

  2. Multiobjective optimization and multivariable control of the beer fermentation process with the use of evolutionary algorithms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ANDRES-TOROB.; GIRON-SIERRAJ.M.; FERNANDEZ-BLANCOP.; LOPEZ-OROZCOJ.A.; BESADA-PORTASE.

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes empirical research on the model, optimization and supervisory control of beer fermentation.Conditions in the laboratory were made as similar as possible to brewery industry conditions. Since mathematical models that consider realistic industrial conditions were not available, a new mathematical model design involving industrial conditions was first developed. Batch fermentations are multiobjective dynamic processes that must be guided along optimal paths to obtain good results.The paper describes a direct way to apply a Pareto set approach with multiobjective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs).Successful finding of optimal ways to drive these processes were reported.Once obtained, the mathematical fermentation model was used to optimize the fermentation process by using an intelligent control based on certain rules.

  3. Multiobjective optimization and multivariable control of the beer fermentation process with the use of evolutionary algorithms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ANDR(E)S-TORO B.; GIR(O)N-SIERRA J.M.; FERN(A)NDEZ-BLANCO P.; L(O)PEZ-OROZCO J.A.; BESADA-PORTAS E.

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes empirical research on the model, optimization and supervisory control of beer fermentation. Conditions in the laboratory were made as similar as possible to brewery industry conditions. Since mathematical models that consider realistic industrial conditions were not available, a new mathematical model design involving industrial conditions was first developed. Batch fermentations are multiobjective dynamic processes that must be guided along optimal paths to obtain good results. The paper describes a direct way to apply a Pareto set approach with multiobjective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs). Successful finding of optimal ways to drive these processes were reported. Once obtained, the mathematical fermentation model was used to optimize the fermentation process by using an intelligent control based on certain rules.

  4. Integrating Monetary and Non-Monetary Retention Incentives for the U.S. Navy Dental Corps Officers Utilizing the Combinatorial Retention Auction Mechanism (CRAM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Pediatric Dentistry (1795) 10. Duty Assignments The dental officers receive duty assignments based on the needs of the naval service. Duty...1 Endodontics 1 Prosthodontics 1 Orthodontics 1 Oral Pathology/Oral Diagnosis/Oral Medicine 1 Pediatric Dentistry 1 Periodontics 1 Public...Dental Research 1790 0 Pediatric Dentistry 1795 5 Total 110 Of the 110 DC officer respondents, the responses were fairly distributed across all the

  5. Designed of Communication Protocol With S7-200 PLC for Supervisory Control System%监控系统中 S7-200系列 PLC 的通信协议设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭福田; 刘心红; 曾丽丽; 赵忖; 张昕

    2014-01-01

    S7-200系列PLC自由口通信方式可用于PC机对PLC的监控,现有的S7-200系列PLC通信协议要么针对某一具体控制系统,要么比较复杂,理解困难,使用不便,通用性不强。本文利用S7-200系列PLC自由口通信方式中灵活的接收控制功能,设计了简单、可靠的通信协议,实现了简易、高效、通用性强,便于移植的通信程序。协议采用十六进制,发送和接收协议格式类似,字节数固定,通过变量寄存器可读写PLC中任何存储器中的数据,便于实现PC机对PLC的远程监控。%The free-port communication mode of S7-200 PLC can be used for monitoring PLC with PC in the su-pervisory control system, all existing communication protocols using for special application or it is too complex to understand and application.This paper uses flexible function of receive message control of S7-200 PLC’s free-port mode, designs a simple, reliable communication protocol, programs a high-performance, universal commu-nication routine simply and easily , and easily using to special application .This protocol is hexadecimal , sending format as like as receive, fixed bytes, can read and write any register of PLC, so that it easy use for monitoring PLC with PC.

  6. Steam generation process control and automation; Automacao e controle no processo de geracao de vapor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza Junior, Jose Cleodon de; Silva, Walmy Andre C.M. da [PETROBRAS S.A., Natal, RN (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    This paper describes the implementation of the Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System (SCADA) in the steam generation process for injection in heavy oil fields of the Alto do Rodrigues Production Asset, developed by PETROBRAS/E and P/UN-RNCE. This Asset is located in the northeastern region of Brazil, in Rio Grande do Norte State. It addresses to the steam generators for injection in oil wells and the upgrade project that installed remote terminal units and a new panel controlled by PLC, changed all the pneumatic transmitters by electronic and incorporated the steam quality and oxygen control, providing the remote supervision of the process. It also discusses the improvements obtained in the steam generation after the changes in the conception of the control and safety systems. (author)

  7. Conceptions of how a learning or teaching curriculum, workplace culture and agency of individuals shape medical student learning and supervisory practices in the clinical workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strand, Pia; Edgren, Gudrun; Borna, Petter; Lindgren, Stefan; Wichmann-Hansen, Gitte; Stalmeijer, Renée E

    2015-05-01

    The role of workplace supervisors in the clinical education of medical students is currently under debate. However, few studies have addressed how supervisors conceptualize workplace learning and how conceptions relate to current sociocultural workplace learning theory. We explored physician conceptions of: (a) medical student learning in the clinical workplace and (b) how they contribute to student learning. The methodology included a combination of a qualitative, inductive (conventional) and deductive (directed) content analysis approach. The study triangulated two types of interview data from 4 focus group interviews and 34 individual interviews. A total of 55 physicians participated. Three overarching themes emerged from the data: learning as membership, learning as partnership and learning as ownership. The themes described how physician conceptions of learning and supervision were guided by the notions of learning-as-participation and learning-as-acquisition. The clinical workplace was either conceptualized as a context in which student learning is based on a learning curriculum, continuity of participation and partnerships with supervisors, or as a temporary source of knowledge within a teaching curriculum. The process of learning was shaped through the reciprocity between different factors in the workplace context and the agency of students and supervising physicians. A systems-thinking approach merged with the "co-participation" conceptual framework advocated by Billet proved to be useful for analyzing variations in conceptions. The findings suggest that mapping workplace supervisor conceptions of learning can be a valuable starting point for medical schools and educational developers working with changes in clinical educational and faculty development practices.

  8. 基于网络远程实验监控系统的实现%Design of experiment long-distance supervisory system based on network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连晗

    2012-01-01

    提出了基于网络远程监控系统设计中所涉及的关键技术,采用了基于Internet远程监控实验系统,通过设计,能够接受来自网络服务器验证的远方客户端请求,并能执行远方用户的操作代理请求,允许远方用户通过动态网页查询历史数据。通过远程用户模块采用ActiveX或Java Applet嵌入到网页中的形式,实现远程用户同本地实验台信息的交互,通过与设备服务器的通信实现实验过程,实现网络服务器与动态网页之间交互实现用户的注册与登录。%The design of remote monitoring system based on network is the key technique involved in is presented, which is based on Internet remote monitoring experimental system, through design, to receive from the network server validates the remote client requests, and can implement remote user agent requests, allowing remote users through dynamic webpage search history data. Through the remote subscriber module uses ActiveX or Java Applet embedded into a webpage in form, remote users with local experimental station information interaction, with the device server communication realization eperiment process, network server and dynamic webpage interactive user register and login.

  9. 4D Trajectory Based Operation Flight Conflict Supervisory Control Based on Hybrid System Theory%面向4D航迹运行的飞行冲突混杂系统理论监控方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤新民; 韩云祥; 韩松臣

    2012-01-01

    To resolve the problem of future air traffic management under great traffic flow, high density, and small separation condition, a hybrid control system structure for flight confliction supervisory control is proposed. Firstly, a set of kinematic equations for the aircraft are proposed according to different flight stages. The confliction hyper-surfaces are defined based on air traffic control rules to forbidden the trajectory of the system composed by multiple aircrafts to cross it, and the crossing events can be recognized by a designed supervisor. In addition, the flight confliction discrete controller is designed according to resolutions available for air traffic controller to decide which control input should be applied. The continuous control input vector is derived under the condition that the difference value of confliction hyper-surfaces keeps negative in a resolution period, which keeps the air traffic system in the safe space. Case study proves that the method based on hybrid system theory can detect potential conflictions and resolve them in advance.%为实现未来大流量、高密度、小间隔条件下的空中交通管理,提出了一种避免飞行冲突的混杂控制系统结构.首先依据不同飞行状态下的航空器运动学方程建立被控对象模型,依据空中交通管制规则确定了禁止空中交通系统轨迹穿越的冲突超曲面,并通过设计监控器辨识潜在的冲突事件.然后基于管制员可采用的调配手段设计飞行冲突离散控制器,根据离散冲突事件向量确定可行的离散解脱策略,并在允许解脱时间段内且系统超曲面函数值的差分为负的前提下计算连续操纵输入量.案例研究表明,混杂系统理论模型能对潜在冲突进行实时探测和解脱,保证空中交通系统处于可达集的安全子集中.

  10. [METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE CALCULATION OF ACTUAL AND PREVENTED AS A RESULT OF CONTROL AND SUPERVISORY ACTIVITIES, MEDICAL-DEMOGRAPHIC AND ECONOMIC LOSSES, ASSOCIATED WITH THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova, A Yu; Zaytseva, N V; May, I V; Kir'yanov, D A

    2015-01-01

    In the article there are reported the methodological approaches to the calculation of actual and avoided as a result of control and supervisory activities of economic losses caused by mortality, morbidity and disability in the population, associated with the negative impact of environmental factors. There is suggested a consistent solution of the chain of problems: the establishment of cause-and-effect relationships between indices of the health status and indices of the quality of the environment; indices of the quality of the environment and indices of the control and supervision activity of organs and institutions of Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing calculation of the cases of violations of health prevented as a result of the activity ofthe service; evaluation of their economic equivalents. Approbation of approaches on the example of the Russian Federation allowed to establish that as a result of the activity of organs and institutions of Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing in 2013, a positive trend was observed on 51 indices of quality of the habitat environment, there were prevented about 160 thousands of deaths and more than 2 million cases of disease that would be held in conditions of the lack of adequate control and surveillance measures in the field of sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population. Loss prevention of gross domestic product (GDP) amounted to more than 120 billion rubles, Tax shortfalls in the federal budget--about 25.7 billion rubles. With taking into account the costs of the federal budgetfor the activities of the Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing in 2013 in part to ensure sanitary epidemiological surveillance in the amount of 11.386 billion rubles there was prevented loss of GDP of 10.56 rubles per 1 rub. of the cost of the federal budget and there was warned the shortfall of taxes to

  11. Headcount and FTE data in the European health workforce monitoring and planning process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girasek, Edmond; Kovács, Eszter; Aszalós, Zoltán; Eke, Edit; Ragány, Károly; Kovács, Réka; Cserháti, Zoltán; Szócska, Miklós

    2016-07-16

    Health workforce (HWF) planning and monitoring processes face challenges regarding data and appropriate indicators. One such area fraught with difficulties is labour activity and, more specifically, defining headcount and full-time equivalent (FTE). This study aims to review national practices in FTE calculation formulas for selected EU Member States (MS). The research was conducted as a part of the Joint Action on European Health Workforce Planning and Forecasting. Definitions, categories and terms concerning the five sectoral professions were examined in 14 MS by conducting a survey. To gain a deeper understanding of the international data-reporting processes (Joint Questionnaire on Non-Monetary Health Care Statistics-JQ), six international expert interviews were conducted by using a semi-structured interview guide. Of the 14 investigated countries, four MS indicated that they report FTE to the JQ and that they also calculate FTE data for national planning purposes. The other countries do not use FTE data for national purposes, but most of them do use special calculations and/or estimation methods for converting headcount to FTE. The findings revealed significant differences between national calculation methods when reporting FTE data to the JQ. This diversity in terms of calculations and estimations can lead to biases with respect to international comparisons. This finding was reinforced by the expert interviews, since the experts agreed that the activities of healthcare professionals are a fundamental factor in HWF monitoring and planning. Experts underscored that activity should also be measured by FTE, and not only by headcount. FTE and headcount are significant factors in HWF planning and monitoring; therefore, national data collections should place emphasis on collecting data and calculating the appropriate indicators. National FTE could serve as a call to action for HWF planners due to the lack of matching international FTE data. At the international level

  12. Interated Intelligent Industrial Process Sensing and Control: Applied to and Demonstrated on Cupola Furnaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohamed Abdelrahman; roger Haggard; Wagdy Mahmoud; Kevin Moore; Denis Clark; Eric Larsen; Paul King

    2003-02-12

    The final goal of this project was the development of a system that is capable of controlling an industrial process effectively through the integration of information obtained through intelligent sensor fusion and intelligent control technologies. The industry of interest in this project was the metal casting industry as represented by cupola iron-melting furnaces. However, the developed technology is of generic type and hence applicable to several other industries. The system was divided into the following four major interacting components: 1. An object oriented generic architecture to integrate the developed software and hardware components @. Generic algorithms for intelligent signal analysis and sensor and model fusion 3. Development of supervisory structure for integration of intelligent sensor fusion data into the controller 4. Hardware implementation of intelligent signal analysis and fusion algorithms

  13. Teacher Language Awareness in Supervisory Feedback Cycles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindahl, Kristen; Baecher, Laura

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates pre- and post-observation feedback provided to TESOL teacher candidates who are preparing to work in content-based instruction/content and language integrated learning contexts, extending the conceptualization of teacher language awareness (TLA) to candidate supervision. It examines the extent to which TLA is manifested by…

  14. Teacher Language Awareness in Supervisory Feedback Cycles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindahl, Kristen; Baecher, Laura

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates pre- and post-observation feedback provided to TESOL teacher candidates who are preparing to work in content-based instruction/content and language integrated learning contexts, extending the conceptualization of teacher language awareness (TLA) to candidate supervision. It examines the extent to which TLA is manifested by…

  15. 10 CFR 712.13 - Supervisory review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... HRP management official. Types of behavior and conditions that would indicate a concern include, but are not limited to: (1) Psychological or physical disorders that impair performance of assigned duties...'s confirmatory breath alcohol test result is at or above an alcohol concentration of 0.02 percent...

  16. Supervisory Control of Networked Control Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-15

    REPORT: January 15, 2006 Problem Statement: A networked control system is a control system whose feedback path is realized over a computer...theoretical bounds derived in [Ling03a]. 6. The feedback information in a networked control system is quantized due to the digital nature of

  17. Anticipating behaviour in supervisory vehicle control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Breda, L. van

    1999-01-01

    Vehicle control may be considered as a hierarchically structured set of functions. Plan conception and plan selection activities are performed in the navigation function, verification and adjustment of the short-term voyage progress are performed in the guidance function, and typical closed-loop con

  18. Supervisory Control Information Management Research (SCIMR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    Risser , 2007), the experimental intervention tasks did not reduce decrements in target acquisition performance over time, nor did they reduce...subjective workload. Methodological differences between the St. John and Risser study and the current study that may have contributed to differences in the...effectiveness of the vigilance mitigation interventions in the two studies is the intervention schedule. St. John and Risser implemented their

  19. Supervisory Bullying, Status Inequalities and Organizational Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roscigno, Vincent J.; Lopez, Steven H.; Hodson, Randy

    2009-01-01

    Bullying has been increasingly identified as a significant social problem. Although much of this attention has centered on the context of schooling, researchers are now beginning to recognize that workplaces are also arenas rife with abusive, bullying behaviors. Personality attributes of bullies and victims have received attention, but much less…

  20. Integration of a thermal stresses supervisory system and useful life of steam turbine rotors; Integracion de un sistema supervisorio de esfuerzos termicos y vida util de rotores de turbinas de vapor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carnero, Antonio; Serrano, Luis E. [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico); Nebradt, G. Jesus; Leyva, M. Luis [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2007-11-15

    The turbine wheels undergo high thermal and mechanical stresses caused by the requirements of their operation. This causes a mechanical damage (fatigue) that is accumulated according to the frequency whereupon the different operation ways (cold starts, lukewarm or hot) happen. On the other hand, the greater efficiency of power stations of combined cycle with respect to conventional power stations is reflected in a greater production cost of the electrical energy, which has forced to that conventional generation units designed to operate on base load, now are used as variable load units to satisfy the demand during the peak hours. The former, rebounds in a greater frequency of operations of shut downs and hot starts of turbines, reason why the fatigue damage will be increased when changing its operating range. In Mexico turbines there are turbines that have been 15 or 20 years in operation and that do not have a thermal stresses supervisor, reason why when changing their load operation from base load to variable load it is essential to install a rotor supervisor of thermal efforts, with the purpose of limiting or reducing the thermal stresses and in this way reduce the fatigue damage to extend their useful life. The article deals over the integration of a supervisory system of thermal stresses, that from the operation parameters of the turbine, determines the temperature gradient in the labyrinth seals zone between the control passage and the first passage of the high pressure section of the rotor, the thermal and mechanical stresses and the fatigue are calculated, determining the consumption of the useful life for each operation cycle (shutdown and starting). [Spanish] Los rotores de turbina experimentan altas esfuerzos termicos y mecanicos causados por los requerimientos de su operacion. Esto causa un dano mecanico (fatiga) que se acumula de acuerdo a la frecuencia con que los diferentes modos de operacion (arranques en frio, tibio o caliente) suceden. Por otro

  1. State Constrained Optimal Control Applied to Supervisory Control in HEVs Commande optimale avec restrictions d’états appliquée à la supervision de l’énergie de véhicules hybrides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez L.V.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The optimization of the supervisory control of hybrid electric vehicles over predetermined driving cycles has been used as a previous study for determining on-line strategies and also for design and sizing purposes. This problem may be posed as an optimal control problem, in which the energy in the bank of batteries is often the state variable, and the power from any of the system sources is, the control action. As both of these quantities are bounded, the optimal control problem has control constraints or state constraints or both. Usually, the charge-sustaining mode of operation is ensured just by imposing a transversality condition, i.e. a fixed final energy, or including an additional term in the cost functional that penalizes the moving away of the state variable from the nominal value. We considered the problem where the state is allowed to move freely within a band. This led to an optimal control problem with control and state constraints. In this work we describe the difficulties that arise while solving the equations given by the Pontryagin’s Maximum Principle and how these difficulties can be overcome by using the so-called Direct Transcription approach that consists of a programming tool to solve the resultant large-scale finite dimensional optimization problem. L’optimisation de la commande au niveau superviseur de véhicules hybrides sur cycles d’usage prédéterminés a été utilisée comme une première étude pour déterminer des stratégies en ligne mais aussi avec des objectifs de conception et dimensionnement. Ce problème peut être posé comme un problème de commande optimale, où l’énergie dans les batteries est généralement la variable d’état et où la puissance de n’importe quelle source du système est l’action de commande. Comme ces deux quantités sont bornées, le problème de commande optimale a des restrictions sur la fonction de commande et sur l’état. Généralement, le fonctionnement

  2. 虚拟货币洗钱风险研究及监管对策--基于FATF监管指引视角%The Research on Money Laundering Risks of Virtual Currency and Supervision Measures---Based on the Perspective of Supervisory Guidance of FATF

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯涛; 张翠芳

    2016-01-01

    随着计算机网络和电子商务的日益普及,虚拟货币的使用愈加广泛。以比特币、莱特币为代表的虚拟货币,目前尚未纳入《反洗钱法》的监管范围,法律地位不明确,极易被洗钱分子利用进行洗钱活动。本文从我国目前虚拟货币发展和监管现状入手,分析其交易背后潜在的洗钱风险,参照FATF组织《虚拟货币风险为本方法指引》中的监管建议在国家和监管部门、实体层面的实际应用,提出相关对策建议。%With the popularization of the computer network and electronic commerce, virtual currency has been used more and more widely. The virtual currency represented by bitcoin and litecoin has not yet been incorporated into the regulatory scope of an-ti-money laundering law, and its legal status is not clear, so it is easy to be used as a means of money laundering. Starting with the de-velopment and supervision of virtual currency in China, the paper analyzes the potential risk of money laundering hidden in the trade of virtual currency. Referring to the practical application of supervisory suggestions to the country, supervisory authorities and entities from Guidance for a Risk-Based Approach to Virtual Currencies of FATF, the paper proposes relevant countermeasures and sugges-tions.

  3. Data-Driven Methods for the Detection of Causal Structures in Process Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Kühnert

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In modern industrial plants, process units are strongly cross-linked with eachother, and disturbances occurring in one unit potentially become plant-wide. This can leadto a flood of alarms at the supervisory control and data acquisition system, hiding the originalfault causing the disturbance. Hence, one major aim in fault diagnosis is to backtrackthe disturbance propagation path of the disturbance and to localize the root cause of thefault. Since detecting correlation in the data is not sufficient to describe the direction of thepropagation path, cause-effect dependencies among process variables need to be detected.Process variables that show a strong causal impact on other variables in the process comeinto consideration as being the root cause. In this paper, different data-driven methods areproposed, compared and combined that can detect causal relationships in data while solelyrelying on process data. The information of causal dependencies is used for localization ofthe root cause of a fault. All proposed methods consist of a statistical part, which determineswhether the disturbance traveling from one process variable to a second is significant, and aquantitative part, which calculates the causal information the first process variable has aboutthe second. The methods are tested on simulated data from a chemical stirred-tank reactorand on a laboratory plant.

  4. Adaptive multiparameter control: application to a Rapid Thermal Processing process; Commande Adaptative Multivariable: Application a un Procede de Traitement Thermique Rapide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morales Mago, S.J.

    1995-12-20

    In this work the problem of temperature uniformity control in rapid thermal processing is addressed by means of multivariable adaptive control. Rapid Thermal Processing (RTP) is a set of techniques proposed for semiconductor fabrication processes such as annealing, oxidation, chemical vapour deposition and others. The product quality depends on two mains issues: precise trajectory following and spatial temperature uniformity. RTP is a fabrication technique that requires a sophisticated real-time multivariable control system to achieve acceptable results. Modelling of the thermal behaviour of the process leads to very complex mathematical models. These are the reasons why adaptive control techniques are chosen. A multivariable linear discrete time model of the highly non-linear process is identified on-line, using an identification scheme which includes supervisory actions. This identified model, combined with a multivariable predictive control law allows to prevent the controller from systems variations. The control laws are obtained by minimization of a quadratic cost function or by pole placement. In some of these control laws, a partial state reference model was included. This reference model allows to incorporate an appropriate tracking capability into the control law. Experimental results of the application of the involved multivariable adaptive control laws on a RTP system are presented. (author) refs

  5. Process Accounting

    OpenAIRE

    Gilbertson, Keith

    2002-01-01

    Standard utilities can help you collect and interpret your Linux system's process accounting data. Describes the uses of process accounting, standard process accounting commands, and example code that makes use of process accounting utilities.

  6. What Motivates Municipal Employees: A Comparison Study of Supervisory vs. Non-Supervisory Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurkiewicz, Carole L.; Massey, Tom K., Jr.

    1997-01-01

    Municipal employees (n=269) ranked 15 motivational factors. Supervisors were significantly dissatisfied with about half; nonsupervisory workers were satisfied with only one. The latter expressed less interest in learning new things, benefitting society, and having autonomy and more interest in advancement, security, exercising leadership, and…

  7. How to avoid the `invisible gorilla' in aluminum smelting process control: Visual guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yashuang; Taylor, Mark P.; Chen, John J. J.; Hautus, Michael J.

    2011-08-01

    Over the last three decades, process control in aluminum smelters has improved significantly as it is the biggest leverage for cost and energy reduction in production and product quality improvement, as well as for meeting environmental compliance. The implementation of computerized automatic control systems two decades ago was a step change in improvement in the state of the art of process control. However, the complex and dynamic nature of the process requires human monitoring, diagnosis, and intervention from time to time. This study investigates the use of the supervisory screen of the control system of a smelter, as well as the effectiveness of visual guidelines to help the operators to identify process abnormalities. The results show that visual guidelines such as voltage patterns which are used as a reference improve the performance of the operators. Detection time and falsealarm rates were reduced in addition to increasing detection sensitivities. It is proposed that a higher level of human and system interaction would improve the overall performance process control.

  8. 32 CFR 636.4 - Administrative due process for suspensions and revocations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... request for an administrative hearing will be forwarded through their supervisory chain of command... driving privileges should be restored. Such requests shall be forwarded through their chain of command...

  9. Effectiveness of pharmacy interventions in improving availability of essential medicines at the primary healthcare level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunan, Michael; Duke, Trevor

    2011-05-01

    To assess the effectiveness of pharmaceutical systems interventions in improving the availability of essential medicines at the primary care level. Literature search for examples of pharmaceutical systems interventions in low and middle income countries that evaluated the impact of specific interventions on medicines' availability. Qualitative and quantitative studies were included. Seventeen studies were included, on privatisation of drug distribution, user-fees, revolving drug funds (RDFs), supervisory visitation programmes, staff training initiatives, community-directed interventions (CDIs) and disease-specific drug programmes. We found no studies on non-monetary staff incentives or the use of national pharmacy standards. Generally, the quantity and quality of evidence was low; evidence was strongest for supervisory visitation programmes and CDIs. Several interventions have the potential for improving medicines' availability without requiring large-scale international cooperation or global policy change. The absence of evidence in this field does not prove lack of effect. There is a need for more systematic studies of multi-faceted pharmaceutical interventions to improve drug availability in the context of difficult health systems, such as structured supervision of remote health facilities, CDIs, staff training, integration of disease-specific programmes, implementation of national pharmacy standards, non-monetary staff incentives and measures to ensure cost is not a barrier to access. A standardised approach to measuring the availability of essential medicines is needed. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  10. Meat Processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legacy, Jim; And Others

    This publication provides an introduction to meat processing for adult students in vocational and technical education programs. Organized in four chapters, the booklet provides a brief overview of the meat processing industry and the techniques of meat processing and butchering. The first chapter introduces the meat processing industry and…

  11. Primary Processing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, W.J.; Harmsen, P.F.H.; Sanders, J.P.M.; Carre, P.; Kamm, B.; Schoenicke, P.

    2012-01-01

    Primary processing of oil-containing material involves pre-treatment processes, oil recovery processes and the extraction and valorisation of valuable compounds from waste streams. Pre-treatment processes, e.g. thermal, enzymatic, electrical and radio frequency, have an important effect on the oil r

  12. Elektrokemiske Processer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech-Nielsen, Gregers

    1997-01-01

    Electrochemical processes in: Power sources, Electrosynthesis, Corrosion.Pourbaix-diagrams.Decontamination of industrial waste water for heavy metals.......Electrochemical processes in: Power sources, Electrosynthesis, Corrosion.Pourbaix-diagrams.Decontamination of industrial waste water for heavy metals....

  13. How gamma radiation processing systems are benefiting from the latest advances in information technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Wayne H.; Levesque, Daniel

    2000-03-01

    This paper discusses how gamma irradiation plants are putting the latest advances in computer and information technology to use for better process control, cost savings, and strategic advantages. Some irradiator operations are gaining significant benefits by integrating computer technology and robotics with real-time information processing, multi-user databases, and communication networks. The paper reports on several irradiation facilities that are making good use of client/server LANs, user-friendly graphics interfaces, supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, distributed I/O with real-time sensor devices, trending analysis, real-time product tracking, dynamic product scheduling, and automated dosimetry reading. These plants are lowering costs by fast and reliable reconciliation of dosimetry data, easier validation to GMP requirements, optimizing production flow, and faster release of sterilized products to market. There is a trend in the manufacturing sector towards total automation using "predictive process control". Real-time verification of process parameters "on-the-run" allows control parameters to be adjusted appropriately, before the process strays out of limits. Applying this technology to the gamma radiation process, control will be based on monitoring the key parameters such as time, and making adjustments during the process to optimize quality and throughput. Dosimetry results will be used as a quality control measurement rather than as a final monitor for the release of the product. Results are correlated with the irradiation process data to quickly and confidently reconcile variations. Ultimately, a parametric process control system utilizing responsive control, feedback and verification will not only increase productivity and process efficiency, but can also result in operating within tighter dose control set points.

  14. Data processing

    CERN Document Server

    Fry, T F

    2013-01-01

    Data Processing discusses the principles, practices, and associated tools in data processing. The book is comprised of 17 chapters that are organized into three parts. The first part covers the characteristics, systems, and methods of data processing. Part 2 deals with the data processing practice; this part discusses the data input, output, and storage. The last part discusses topics related to systems and software in data processing, which include checks and controls, computer language and programs, and program elements and structures. The text will be useful to practitioners of computer-rel

  15. Process mining

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van der Aalst, W.M.P.; Rubin, V.; Verbeek, H.M.W.

    2010-01-01

    Process mining includes the automated discovery of processes from event logs. Based on observed events (e.g., activities being executed or messages being exchanged) a process model is constructed. One of the essential problems in process mining is that one cannot assume to have seen all possible...... behavior. At best, one has seen a representative subset. Therefore, classical synthesis techniques are not suitable as they aim at finding a model that is able to exactly reproduce the log. Existing process mining techniques try to avoid such “overfitting” by generalizing the model to allow for more...

  16. Sewer Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvitved-Jacobsen, Thorkild; Vollertsen, Jes; Nielsen, Asbjørn Haaning

    by hydrogen sulfide and other volatile organic compounds, as well as other potential health issues, have caused environmental concerns to rise. Reflecting the most current developments, Sewer Processes: Microbial and Chemical Process Engineering of Sewer Networks, Second Edition, offers the reader updated...... revisions of chapters from the previous edition, adds three new chapters, and presents extensive study questions. • Presents new modeling tools for the design and operation of sewer networks • Establishes sewer processes as a key element in preserving water quality • Includes greatly expanded coverage...... of odor formation and prediction • Details the WATS sewer process model • Highlights the importance of aerobic, anoxic, and anaerobic processes Sewer Processes: Microbial and Chemical Process Engineering of Sewer Networks, Second Edition, provides a basis for up-to-date understanding and modeling of sewer...

  17. Magnetics Processing

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Magnetics Processing Lab equipped to perform testing of magnetometers, integrate them into aircraft systems, and perform data analysis, including noise reduction...

  18. Design Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ovesen, Nis

    2009-01-01

    advantages and challenges of agile processes in mobile software and web businesses are identified. The applicability of these agile processes is discussed in re- gards to design educations and product development in the domain of Industrial Design and is briefly seen in relation to the concept of dromology......Inspiration for most research and optimisations on design processes still seem to focus within the narrow field of the traditional design practise. The focus in this study turns to associated businesses of the design professions in order to learn from their development processes. Through interviews...

  19. Stochastic processes

    CERN Document Server

    Parzen, Emanuel

    2015-01-01

    Well-written and accessible, this classic introduction to stochastic processes and related mathematics is appropriate for advanced undergraduate students of mathematics with a knowledge of calculus and continuous probability theory. The treatment offers examples of the wide variety of empirical phenomena for which stochastic processes provide mathematical models, and it develops the methods of probability model-building.Chapter 1 presents precise definitions of the notions of a random variable and a stochastic process and introduces the Wiener and Poisson processes. Subsequent chapters examine

  20. Image processing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heijden, van der F.; Spreeuwers, L.J.; Blanken, H.M.; Vries de, A.P.; Blok, H.E.; Feng, L

    2007-01-01

    The field of image processing addresses handling and analysis of images for many purposes using a large number of techniques and methods. The applications of image processing range from enhancement of the visibility of cer- tain organs in medical images to object recognition for handling by industri

  1. Sustainable processing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Niels Heine

    2004-01-01

    Kristensen_NH and_Beck A: Sustainable processing. In Otto Schmid, Alexander Beck and Ursula Kretzschmar (Editors) (2004): Underlying Principles in Organic and "Low-Input Food" Processing - Literature Survey. Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL, CH-5070 Frick, Switzerland. ISBN 3-906081-58-3...

  2. Process information management system of TRANSPETRO; Sistema de gerenciamento de informacoes de processo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alves, Carlos H N.; Quintella, Fabiano J.; Araujo, Luiz A.C. [CHEMTECH, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Fonseca, Conrad A.A.; Garcia, Marcus; Thadeo, Rafael G.O. [TRANSPETRO, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    One of the most difficulties for large companies is to follow in real-time the situation of its process ensuring objectivity, trust and high availability. For TRANSPETRO, this means mapping several points among its pipelines and plants throughout Brazil. The target of this paper is to describe how TRANSPETRO does to follow those points, keeping the history of the values of its process variables to be analyzed later. For this, she acquired two new information systems that were added to existing SCADAs supervisory systems: PIMS is an information management system capable to store the variable values from SCADA systems into a historical database. And the Portal, which is responsible to manipulate and show through a web interface, to the whole company, these storied values in an objective view. Using these tools, TRANSPETRO can keep a better control over decisions that affect its business, because it can identify dynamically the strength and the weakness of its system. This Paper describes how the choice of the tools was made and how they were configured for TRANSPETRO by Chemtech. (author)

  3. Process mining

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van der Aalst, W.M.P.; Rubin, V.; Verbeek, H.M.W.

    2010-01-01

    Process mining includes the automated discovery of processes from event logs. Based on observed events (e.g., activities being executed or messages being exchanged) a process model is constructed. One of the essential problems in process mining is that one cannot assume to have seen all possible...... behavior. At best, one has seen a representative subset. Therefore, classical synthesis techniques are not suitable as they aim at finding a model that is able to exactly reproduce the log. Existing process mining techniques try to avoid such “overfitting” by generalizing the model to allow for more...... behavior. This generalization is often driven by the representation language and very crude assumptions about completeness. As a result, parts of the model are “overfitting” (allow only for what has actually been observed) while other parts may be “underfitting” (allowfor much more behavior without strong...

  4. Demonstration of Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Virtualization Capability in the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL)/Sustaining Base Network Assurance Branch (SBNAB) US Army Cyber Analytics Laboratory (ACAL) SCADA Hardware Testbed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT...processing dashboard ........................................................8  Fig. 9  Main conveyor belt dashboard...Table B-5  Configuration and measurements for main conveyor belt PLC .....22  Table B-6  Configuration and measurements for packaging PLC

  5. Organizing Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hull Kristensen, Peer; Bojesen, Anders

    This paper invites to discuss the processes of individualization and organizing being carried out under what we might see as an emerging regime of change. The underlying argumentation is that in certain processes of change, competence becomes questionable at all times. The hazy characteristics...... of this regime of change are pursued through a discussion of competencies as opposed to qualifications illustrated by distinct cases from the Danish public sector in the search for repetitive mechanisms. The cases are put into a general perspective by drawing upon experiences from similar change processes...

  6. Rapid Benefit Indicators (RBI) webinar

    Science.gov (United States)

    RBI process for assessing restoration sites using non-monetary benefit indicators. The RBI approach uses readily-available data to estimate and quantify benefits to people around an ecological restoration site using indicators of nature’s value to people.

  7. 40 CFR 122.34 - As an operator of a regulated small MS4, what will my NPDES MS4 storm water permit require?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... sanctions to ensure compliance include non-monetary penalties, fines, bonding requirements and/or permit... process that identifies the municipality's program goals (e.g., minimize water quality impacts resulting...., adopt a combination of structural and/or non-structural BMPs), operation and maintenance policies...

  8. Grants Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    The NCI Grants Process provides an overview of the end-to-end lifecycle of grant funding. Learn about the types of funding available and the basics for application, review, award, and on-going administration within the NCI.

  9. Processing Proteases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ødum, Anders Sebastian Rosenkrans

    Processing proteases are proteases which proteolytically activate proteins and peptides into their biologically active form. Processing proteases play an important role in biotechnology as tools in protein fusion technology. Fusion strategies where helper proteins or peptide tags are fused...... to the protein of interest are an elaborate method to optimize expression or purification systems. It is however critical that fusion proteins can be removed and processing proteases can facilitate this in a highly specific manner. The commonly used proteases all have substrate specificities to the N...... of few known proteases to have substrate specificity for the C-terminal side of the scissile bond. LysN exhibits specificity for lysine, and has primarily been used to complement trypsin in to proteomic studies. A working hypothesis during this study was the potential of LysN as a processing protease...

  10. Electrochemical Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech-Nielsen, Gregers

    1997-01-01

    The notes describe in detail primary and secondary galvanic cells, fuel cells, electrochemical synthesis and electroplating processes, corrosion: measurments, inhibitors, cathodic and anodic protection, details of metal dissolution reactions, Pourbaix diagrams and purification of waste water from...

  11. Sewer Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvitved-Jacobsen, Thorkild; Vollertsen, Jes; Nielsen, Asbjørn Haaning

    and valuable information on the sewer as a chemical and biological reactor. It focuses on how to predict critical impacts and control adverse effects. It also provides an integrated description of sewer processes in modeling terms. This second edition is full of illustrative examples and figures, includes...... microbial and chemical processes and demonstrates how this knowledge can be applied for the design, operation, and the maintenance of wastewater collection systems. The authors add chemical and microbial dimensions to the design and management of sewer networks with an overall aim of improved sustainability...... by hydrogen sulfide and other volatile organic compounds, as well as other potential health issues, have caused environmental concerns to rise. Reflecting the most current developments, Sewer Processes: Microbial and Chemical Process Engineering of Sewer Networks, Second Edition, offers the reader updated...

  12. Manufacturing processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennet, Jay; Brower, David; Levine, Stan; Walker, Ray; Wooten, John

    1991-01-01

    The following issues are covered: process development frequently lags behind material development, high fabrication costs, flex joints (bellows) - a continuing program, SRM fabrication-induced defects, and in-space assembly will require simplified design.

  13. In process...

    OpenAIRE

    LI Xin

    1999-01-01

    Architecture is a wonderful world. As a student of architecture, time and time again I am inpressed by its powerful imagines. The more I study and learn, however, the more I question. What is the truth beyond those fantastic imagines? What is the nuture of Architecture? Is there any basic way or process to approach the work of Architecture? With these questions, I begin my thesis project and the process of looking for answers. MArch

  14. In process...

    OpenAIRE

    LI Xin

    2000-01-01

    Architecture is a wonderful world. As a student of architecture, time and time again I am inpressed by its powerful imagines. The more I study and learn, however, the more I question. What is the truth beyond those fantastic imagines? What is the nuture of Architecture? Is there any basic way or process to approach the work of Architecture? With these questions, I begin my thesis project and the process of looking for answers.

  15. Renewal processes

    CERN Document Server

    Mitov, Kosto V

    2014-01-01

    This monograph serves as an introductory text to classical renewal theory and some of its applications for graduate students and researchers in mathematics and probability theory. Renewal processes play an important part in modeling many phenomena in insurance, finance, queuing systems, inventory control and other areas. In this book, an overview of univariate renewal theory is given and renewal processes in the non-lattice and lattice case are discussed. A pre-requisite is a basic knowledge of probability theory.

  16. OPC UA Information Modeling:A Case Study of Coal Mine Supervisory Control System%OPC UA信息建模:煤矿监控系统集成案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江城; 张英俊; 谢斌红

    2014-01-01

    In order to solve the traditional OPC technology which is lack of data modeling ability of interoperability problems, OPC foundation releases OPC UA specification, solving the problem in theory, but the specific modeling process is not completed. This paper puts forward operable OPC UA information modeling process, and takes the coal mine integrated monitoring system as a case to verify feasibility of this modeling process, at the same time, promotes the development of OPC UA from theory to practice.%为了传统OPC技术由于数据建模能力不足而导致的互操作性问题,OPC基金会发布了OPC UA规范,从理论上解决了此问题,但缺乏具体的建模流程。提出具有可操作性的OPC UA信息建模流程,并以煤矿监控系统集成作为案例来验证此建模流程具有可行性,同时推动了OPC UA从理论到实践的发展。

  17. Supervisory Function of WeChat Public Platform in Anti-corruption Bid%发挥微信平台在反腐倡廉中的监督功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡华玲

    2015-01-01

    从网络最新科技产品—微信的角度分析了我国在建设法治政府过程中存在的漏洞,其集中表现为在社会治理过程中政府与群众缺乏信息互动,以致于阻碍了我国廉政法治社会的建立;以即时通讯工具微信为例,论述其在信息交流过程中出现的正功能和负功能,并作出反思后的积极探索;对我国反腐倡廉建设过程中行政效率的监督、突发应急事件的处理、网上税务的缴纳等方面进行了简要的研究和分析。提出建立普遍适用于全国各地区政府及其职能部门的专属政务微信平台软件的建议。%From angle of the latest network technology products-WeChat analyzed the existing weakpoints in the process of building the law-based government, shown as the lack of information interaction between the government and masses in the process of social governance, that hindered the establishment of our incorrupt government and law-based society. Taking WeChat for example, this paper discussed positive and negative functions in the process of information communication, and actively explored after the in-trospection, analyzed some problems in the process of China's anti-corruption bid construction, such as the supervision of administrative efficiency, emergency events processing, online tax pay and so on, then proposed to build the exclusive government affairs WeChat platform software which widely appli-cable to the district governments and its functional departments.

  18. Macdonald processes

    CERN Document Server

    Borodin, Alexei

    2011-01-01

    Macdonald processes are probability measures on sequences of partitions defined in terms of nonnegative specializations of the Macdonald symmetric functions and two Macdonald parameters q,t in [0,1). We prove several results about these processes, which include the following. (1) We explicitly evaluate expectations of a rich family of observables for these processes. (2) In the case t=0, we find a Fredholm determinant formula for a q-Laplace transform of the distribution of the last part of the Macdonald-random partition. (3) We introduce Markov dynamics that preserve the class of Macdonald processes and lead to new "integrable" 2d and 1d interacting particle systems. (4) In a large time limit transition, and as q goes to 1, the particles of these systems crystallize on a lattice, and fluctuations around the lattice converge to O'Connell's Whittaker process that describe semi-discrete Brownian directed polymers. (5) This yields a Fredholm determinant for the Laplace transform of the polymer partition function...

  19. La messagerie électronique, principal métronome des activités de cadre Electronic mail as the main metronome of supervisory activities Mensajería electrónica, principal metrónomo de la actividad de los ejecutivos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Bretesché

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article met en perspective la façon dont la messagerie concourt à structurer un nouveau rapport au travail chez les cadres. En s’appuyant sur les travaux d’Elias, il s’agit d’étudier la façon dont la messagerie électronique imprime une unité de temps qui structure l’ensemble des activités des cadres et les transforme. L’analyse proposée s’appuie sur une étude de cas qui interroge les transformations des rôles dédiés aux cadres et plus spécifiquement aux cadres de la fonction publique territoriale à travers l’usage du mail. Les résultats mettent en lumière dans un premier temps la façon dont la messagerie structure d’un point de vue temporel les pratiques professionnelles. Celles-ci s’articulent autour de la gestion et de la hiérarchisation continue d’informations reçues sur le mode du flux continu. Ainsi, ce sont des activités de temporation et de synchronisation de l’information qui constituent les nouvelles formes d’exercice de l’activité. En effet, la particularité du travail des cadres au travers de la messagerie est d’intégrer dans une même unité de temps des données au caractère contradictoire. Si l’outil facilite l’intégration en temps réel des multiples niveaux d’activités, il crée paradoxalement une nouvelle forme de dépendance temporelle qui questionne l’autonomie traditionnellement déléguée au cadre.The paper seeks to determine how e-mail helps to restructure supervisory activities. In France, socio-professional categories such as professionals, managers and executives are all classified as supervisors. Based on Elias’ conception of time, the study analyses how e-mail creates time units that structure and transform supervisory activities. A case study involving a local authority is then mobilized to ask questions about how email use has transformed dedicated supervisory roles. Findings reveal that e-mail tends to structure professional practices along

  20. Offshoring Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Sørensen, Brian Vejrum; Katayama, Hiroshi

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to contribute to the knowledge on how production offshoring and international operations management vary across cultural contexts. The chapter attempts to shed light on how companies approach the process of offshoring in different cultural contexts. In order...... of globalisation. Yet there are clear differences in how offshoring is conducted in Denmark and Japan. The main differences are outlined in a framework and explained employing cultural variables. The findings lead to a number of propositions suggesting that the process of offshoring is not simply a uniform...

  1. Offshoring Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Sørensen, Brian Vejrum; Katayama, Hiroshi

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to contribute to the knowledge on how production offshoring and international operations management vary across cultural contexts. The chapter attempts to shed light on how companies approach the process of offshoring in different cultural contexts. In order...... of globalisation. Yet there are clear differences in how offshoring is conducted in Denmark and Japan. The main differences are outlined in a framework and explained employing cultural variables. The findings lead to a number of propositions suggesting that the process of offshoring is not simply a uniform...

  2. Optical Processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-31

    34perceptron" (F. Rosenblatt, Principles of Neurodynamics ), workers in the neural network field have been seeking to understand how neural networks can perform...Moscow). 13. F. Rosenblatt, Principles of Neurodynamics , (Spartan, 1962). 14. W. Stoner "Incoherent optical processing via spatially offset pupil

  3. Innovation process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolodovski, A.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose of this report: This report was prepared for RISO team involved in design of the innovation system Report provides innovation methodology to establish common understanding of the process concepts and related terminology The report does not includeRISO- or Denmark-specific cultural, econom...

  4. Processing Determinism

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Grady, William

    2015-01-01

    I propose that the course of development in first and second language acquisition is shaped by two types of processing pressures--internal efficiency-related factors relevant to easing the burden on working memory and external input-related factors such as frequency of occurrence. In an attempt to document the role of internal factors, I consider…

  5. Processing Branches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schindler, Christoph; Tamke, Martin; Tabatabai, Ali;

    2014-01-01

    Angled and forked wood – a desired material until 19th century, was swept away by industrialization and its standardization of processes and materials. Contemporary information technology has the potential for the capturing and recognition of individual geometries through laser scanning and compu...

  6. BENTONITE PROCESSING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anamarija Kutlić

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Bentonite has vide variety of uses. Special use of bentonite, where its absorbing properties are employed to provide water-tight sealing is for an underground repository in granites In this paper, bentonite processing and beneficiation are described.

  7. espida Process

    OpenAIRE

    Currall, James; McKinney, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Embedded in the work of espida is a process that ensures projects align themselves with the strategic aims of the funders they wish to receive resources from. It details the relationship the funder and fundee have and how outcomes of the work feedback into the organisational objectives.

  8. Supervisory control system based on PC applied to substations automatization of and to regional operation centers of distribution networks; Sistema de control supervisorio basado en PC aplicado en automatizacion de subestaciones y centros de operacion regional de redes de distribucion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Picasso B, Cuitlahuac [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico); Astorga Q, Clemente [Luz y Fuerza del Centro (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    In order to increase the services quality in the electrical energy, to improve the process of identification of energy losses, to increase the equipment efficiency, to count on more complete statistics of profiles of load consumptions, among other applications, the Compania de Luz y Fuerza del Centro (LyFC) carries out the modernization in automatization of substations and regional operation centers of distribution networks. The technological base to make these programs requires automating the operative schemes of the substation and distribution centers that supervise the events of the electrical process. In this article the main results of the development and integration of master stations based on PC, that were made in the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE) and that have been integrated in the electrical company LyFC are presented. [Spanish] Con el proposito de incrementar la calidad de los servicios en la energia electrica, mejorar el proceso de identificacion de perdidas de energia, aumentar la eficiencia de los equipos, contar con estadisticas mas completas de perfiles de consumos de carga, entre otras aplicaciones, la Compania de Luz y Fuerza del Centro (LyFC) lleva a cabo la modernizacion en automatizacion de subestaciones y centros de operacion regional de redes electricas de distribucion. La base tecnologica para realizar estos programas, requiere de automatizar los esquemas operativos de la subestacion y centros de distribucion que supervisan los eventos del proceso electrico. En este articulo se presentan los principales resultados del desarrollo e integracion de estaciones maestras basadas en PC, que se realizaron en el Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE) y que se han integrado en la compania electrica LyFC.

  9. Photobiomodulation Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang-Yi Xu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Photobiomodulation (PBM is a modulation of laser irradiation or monochromatic light (LI on biosystems. There is little research on PBM dynamics although its phenomena and mechanism have been widely studied. The PBM was discussed from dynamic viewpoint in this paper. It was found that the primary process of cellular PBM might be the key process of cellular PBM so that the transition rate of cellular molecules can be extended to discuss the dose relationship of PBM. There may be a dose zone in which low intensity LI (LIL at different doses has biological effects similar to each other, so that biological information model of PBM might hold. LIL may self-adaptively modulate a chronic stress until it becomes successful.

  10. Boolean process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闵应骅; 李忠诚; 赵著行

    1997-01-01

    Boolean algebra successfully describes the logical behavior of a digital circuit, and has been widely used in electronic circuit design and test With the development of high speed VLSIs it is a drawback for Boolean algebra to be unable to describe circuit timing behavior. Therefore a Boolean process is defined as a family of Boolean van ables relevant to the time parameter t. A real-valued sample of a Boolean process is a waveform. Waveform functions can be manipulated formally by using mathematical tools. The distance, difference and limit of a waveform polynomial are defined, and a sufficient and necessary condition of the limit existence is presented. Based on this, the concept of sensitization is redefined precisely to demonstrate the potential and wide application possibility The new definition is very different from the traditional one, and has an impact on determining the sensitizable paths with maximum or minimum length, and false paths, and then designing and testing high performance circuits

  11. Purification process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marshall, A.

    1981-02-17

    A process for the removal of hydrogen sulphide from gases or liquid hydrocarbons, comprises contacting the gas or liquid hydrocarbon with an aqueous alkaline solution, preferably having a pH value of 8 to 10, comprising (A) an anthraquinone disulphonic acid or a water-soluble sulphonamide thereof (B) a compound of a metal which can exist in at least two valency states and (C) a sequestering agent.

  12. Ceramic Processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    EWSUK,KEVIN G.

    1999-11-24

    Ceramics represent a unique class of materials that are distinguished from common metals and plastics by their: (1) high hardness, stiffness, and good wear properties (i.e., abrasion resistance); (2) ability to withstand high temperatures (i.e., refractoriness); (3) chemical durability; and (4) electrical properties that allow them to be electrical insulators, semiconductors, or ionic conductors. Ceramics can be broken down into two general categories, traditional and advanced ceramics. Traditional ceramics include common household products such as clay pots, tiles, pipe, and bricks, porcelain china, sinks, and electrical insulators, and thermally insulating refractory bricks for ovens and fireplaces. Advanced ceramics, also referred to as ''high-tech'' ceramics, include products such as spark plug bodies, piston rings, catalyst supports, and water pump seals for automobiles, thermally insulating tiles for the space shuttle, sodium vapor lamp tubes in streetlights, and the capacitors, resistors, transducers, and varistors in the solid-state electronics we use daily. The major differences between traditional and advanced ceramics are in the processing tolerances and cost. Traditional ceramics are manufactured with inexpensive raw materials, are relatively tolerant of minor process deviations, and are relatively inexpensive. Advanced ceramics are typically made with more refined raw materials and processing to optimize a given property or combination of properties (e.g., mechanical, electrical, dielectric, optical, thermal, physical, and/or magnetic) for a given application. Advanced ceramics generally have improved performance and reliability over traditional ceramics, but are typically more expensive. Additionally, advanced ceramics are typically more sensitive to the chemical and physical defects present in the starting raw materials, or those that are introduced during manufacturing.

  13. Processing Proteases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ødum, Anders Sebastian Rosenkrans

    -terminal of the scissile bond, leaving C-terminal fusions to have non-native C-termini after processing. A solution yielding native C-termini would allow novel expression and purification systems for therapeutic proteins and peptides.The peptidyl-Lys metallopeptidase (LysN) of the fungus Armillaria mellea (Am) is one...... suitable to leave native C-termini.During this study the substrate specificity of LysN was profiled with a synthetic fluorogenic peptide library which allowed for kinetic characterization. A novel profiling method using encoded beads was proposed to efficiently profile human Renin. Recombinant expression...

  14. Hydrocarbon processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hill, S.G.; Seddon, D.

    1989-06-28

    A process for the catalytic conversion of synthesis-gas into a product which comprises naphtha, kerosene and distillate is characterized in that the catalyst is a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst also containing a zeolite, the naphtha fraction contains 60% or less linear paraffins and the kerosene and distillated fractions contain more linear paraffins and olefins than found in the naphtha fraction. Reduction of the relative amount of straight chain material in the naphtha fraction increases the octane number and so enhances the quality of the gasoline product, while the high quality of the kerosene and distillate fractions is maintained.

  15. Optical processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gustafson, S. C.

    1985-12-01

    The technical contributions were as follows: (1) Optical parallel 2-D neighborhood processor and optical processor assessment technique; (2) High accuracy with moderately accurate components and optical fredkin gate architectures; (3) Integrated optical threshold computing, pipelined polynomial processor, and all optical analog/digital converter; (4) Adaptive optical associative memory model with attention; (5) Effectiveness of parallelism and connectivity in optical computers; (6) Optical systolic array processing using an integrated acoustooptic module; (7) Optical threshold elements and networks, holographic threshold processors, adaptive matched spatial filtering, and coherence theory in optical computing; (8) Time-varying optical processing for sub-pixel targets, optical Kalman filtering, and adaptive matched filtering; (9) Optical degrees of freedom, ultra short optical pulses, number representations, content-addressable-memory processors, and integrated optical Givens rotation devices; (10) Optical J-K flip flop analysis and interfacing for optical computers; (11) Matrix multiplication algorithms and limits of incoherent optical computers; (12) Architecture for machine vision with sensor fusion, pattern recognition functions, and neural net implementations; (13) Optical computing algorithms, architectures, and components; and (14) Dynamic optical interconnections, advantages and architectures.

  16. Lithospheric processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baldridge, W. [and others

    2000-12-01

    The authors used geophysical, geochemical, and numerical modeling to study selected problems related to Earth's lithosphere. We interpreted seismic waves to better characterize the thickness and properties of the crust and lithosphere. In the southwestern US and Tien Shari, crust of high elevation is dynamically supported above buoyant mantle. In California, mineral fabric in the mantle correlate with regional strain history. Although plumes of buoyant mantle may explain surface deformation and magmatism, our geochemical work does not support this mechanism for Iberia. Generation and ascent of magmas remains puzzling. Our work in Hawaii constrains the residence of magma beneath Hualalai to be a few hundred to about 1000 years. In the crust, heat drives fluid and mass transport. Numerical modeling yielded robust and accurate predictions of these processes. This work is important fundamental science, and applies to mitigation of volcanic and earthquake hazards, Test Ban Treaties, nuclear waste storage, environmental remediation, and hydrothermal energy.

  17. Crystallization process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adler, Robert J.; Brown, William R.; Auyang, Lun; Liu, Yin-Chang; Cook, W. Jeffrey

    1986-01-01

    An improved crystallization process is disclosed for separating a crystallizable material and an excluded material which is at least partially excluded from the solid phase of the crystallizable material obtained upon freezing a liquid phase of the materials. The solid phase is more dense than the liquid phase, and it is separated therefrom by relative movement with the formation of a packed bed of solid phase. The packed bed is continuously formed adjacent its lower end and passed from the liquid phase into a countercurrent flow of backwash liquid. The packed bed extends through the level of the backwash liquid to provide a drained bed of solid phase adjacent its upper end which is melted by a condensing vapor.

  18. Image Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Electronic Imagery, Inc.'s ImageScale Plus software, developed through a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract with Kennedy Space Flight Center for use on space shuttle Orbiter in 1991, enables astronauts to conduct image processing, prepare electronic still camera images in orbit, display them and downlink images to ground based scientists for evaluation. Electronic Imagery, Inc.'s ImageCount, a spin-off product of ImageScale Plus, is used to count trees in Florida orange groves. Other applications include x-ray and MRI imagery, textile designs and special effects for movies. As of 1/28/98, company could not be located, therefore contact/product information is no longer valid.

  19. 一种新型精细化工过程仿真操作培训系统的开发%The development of a novel process simulation operation-training system for fine chemical production processes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹志云; 尚桂如; 桂新军; 刘燕军; 郭宁; 吴春华

    2011-01-01

    精细化工过程工艺复杂、操作繁琐,对操作人员的操作技能要求高,但用实际生产装置培训操作人员受到很多限制,需要开发仿真操作培训系统来培训操作人员.而现有的仿真培训系统开发方法不易做到模块化、通用化,开发不方便,因此需要研究新的更高效的仿真系统开发方法.使用通用监控和数据采集组态软件(Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition,简称SCADA)作为图形用户界面开发平台,综合应用机理建模法和动态补偿建模法建立过程动态模型,提出了一种新的基于通用监控和数据采集组态软件(SCADA)过程仿真系统开发模式.通过设计一种动态链接库函数,经过组态软件的数据库把动态模型计算程序和图形用户界面相连,成功地实现了过程仿真培训系统的集成,开发了一种SCADA模式精细化工生产过程仿真培训系统,其组成更加模块化,开发方法更加通用化,更易开发.一套精细化工生产装置的仿真培训实践表明,该仿真培训系统操作运行效果生动逼真,能较好地满足生产操作培训需要,改善了操作培训效果,提高了操作培训效率.%Fine chemical processes usually are very complex, and their operations are heavy and complicated. The success operations of fine chemical processes require high skill operators. As there are lots of limitations to use real fine chemical production plants to train operators, we need to develop process operation simulation training system to train process operators. However, the traditional development methods of process operation simulation training system are inconvenient due to their poor modularity, so new development strategies of process operation simulation training system with high efficiency should be studied. In this paper, a new Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) simulation-mode is put forward according to the operation training characteristics of fine chemical

  20. Survey on the Market Situation of Health Food in Hanshou and Discussion on Supervisory Measures%汉寿县保健食品市场现状调查与监管对策探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童志丹; 黄建平; 李志刚; 李利; 肖先爱; 赵小鹏

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To understand the status of health food market in Hanshou, ifnd the existing problems in a timely manner, and provide scientiifc basis for the supervision departments. Methods:A survey of the relevant information on the health food sold in the market of Hanshou, including healthcare function, approval number, production place and the existing problems of product labels was conducted. Results:Among the 2042 random samples, the rates of healthcare function were ranked in the following order:mineral supplementation(31.2%), increasing immune function(13.8%), vitamin supplementation (11.1%). The rates of production place were ranked as:Guangdong Province(473), Jiangxi Province(404), Hunan Province(227). There were problems with the labeling in 213 samples, the majority of which was a mismatching between the labeling information and the website information of the State Food and Drug Administration (158). Besides, 6 samples were with fake approval number. Conclusion:The process of legislation of health food must be accelerated, the relevant requirements of label should be made clearer, the format of approval number and the period of validity of approval number should be uniifed, and the quality standards and the approval system should be improved. In addition, the publicity of health food laws and safety knowledge should be strengthened to improve the law-abiding consciousness of the manufacturers and the self-protection consciousness of the consumers. Moreover, it’s necessary for grassroots supervision to improve supervisor's ability in technology input, technical training and basic facilities construction. Finally, the capability and efifciency of supervision should be further improved, and surveillance, including daily supervision, urgent inspection and special-purpose rectiifcation, should be strengthened.%目的:了解保健食品市场现状,及时发现存在的问题,为监管提供科学依据。方法:以常德市汉寿县辖区内保健食

  1. 面向可持续发展的半导体制造的集成产品和过程控制%Integrated Product and Process Control for Sustainable Semiconductor Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈良; Y.L.Huang

    2011-01-01

    Semiconductor fabrication is a manufacturing sequence with hundreds of sophisticated unit operations and it is always challenged by strategy development for ensuring the yield of defect-free products. In this paper, an advanced control strategy through integrating product and process control is established. The proposed multiscale scheme contains three layers for coordinated equipment control, process control and product quality control. In the upper layer, online control performance assessment is applied to reduce the quality variation and maximize the overall product performance (OPP). It serves as supervisory control to update the recipe of the process controller in the middle layer. The process controller is designed as an exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) run-to-mn controller to reject disturbances, such as process shift, drift and tool worn out, that are exerted to the operation. The equipment in the process is individually controlled to maintain its optimal operational status and maximize the overall equipment effectiveness (OEE), based on the set point given by the process controller. The efficacy of the proposed integrated control scheme is demonstrated through case studies, where both the OPP (for product) and the OEE (for equipment) are enhanced.

  2. Dynamic Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klingshirn, C.

    . Phys. Lett. 92:211105, 2008). For this point, recall Figs. 6.16 and 6.33. Since the polarisation amplitude is gone in any case after the recombination process, there is an upper limit for T 2 given by T 2 ≤ 2 T1. The factor of two comes from the fact that T 2 describes the decay of an amplitude and T 1 the decay of a population, which is proportional to the amplitude squared. Sometimes T 2 is subdivided in a term due to recombination described by T 1 and another called 'pure dephasing' called T 2 ∗ with the relation 1 / T 2 = 1 / 2 T 1 + 1 / T2 ∗. The quantity T 2 ∗ can considerably exceed 2 T 1. In the part on relaxation processes that is on processes contributing to T 3, we give also examples for the capture of excitons into bound, localized, or deep states. For more details on dynamics in semiconductors in general see for example, the (text-) books [Klingshirn, Semiconductor Optics, 3rd edn. (Springer, Berlin, 2006); Haug and Koch, Quantum Theory of the Optical and Electronic Properties of Semiconductors, 4th edn. (World Scientific, Singapore, 2004); Haug and Jauho, Quantum Kinetics in Transport and Optics of Semiconductors, Springer Series in Solid State Sciences vol. 123 (Springer, Berlin, 1996); J. Shah, Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Semiconductors and of Semiconductor Nanostructures, Springer Series in Solid State Sciences vol. 115 (Springer, Berlin, 1996); Schafer and Wegener, Semiconductor Optics and Transport Phenomena (Springer, Berlin, 2002)]. We present selected data for free, bound and localized excitons, biexcitons and electron-hole pairs in an EHP and examples for bulk materials, epilayers, quantum wells, nano rods and nano crystals with the restriction that - to the knowledge of the author - data are not available for all these systems, density ranges and temperatures. Therefore, we subdivide the topic below only according to the three time constants T 2, T 3 and T 1.

  3. Integrating the Latest Technologies into a Java Process Control MMI

    CERN Document Server

    Momal, F

    1999-01-01

    The LHC/IAS (equipment control) Group is developing supervisory systems by means of industrial SCADA packages. For the past four years, we have provided Web remote access to the data coming from our supervisory and control systems. Combining our findings, an architecture and a strategy have been set-up for a generic Java interface which offers a remote and unique access to all kinds of control data. Using the object-oriented technology, the architecture dissociates the data access layer from the presentation one. Thus, the interface may be used to access different types of data. The data are stored in the interface together with a set of related information (acquisition date, unit, etc.). The graphical interface is based on components which may be stored independently and which can be accessed on demand. Attention has been given to easing the integration of commercial components. To help non-specialists in creating components, a graphical scripting language has been developed.

  4. Data Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grangeat, P.

    A new area of biology has been opened up by nanoscale exploration of the living world. This has been made possible by technological progress, which has provided the tools needed to make devices that can measure things on such length and time scales. In a sense, this is a new window upon the living world, so rich and so diverse. Many of the investigative methods described in this book seek to obtain complementary physical, chemical, and biological data to understand the way it works and the way it is organised. At these length and time scales, only dedicated instrumentation could apprehend the relevant phenomena. There is no way for our senses to observe these things directly. One important field of application is molecular medicine, which aims to explain the mechanisms of life and disease by the presence and quantification of specific molecular entities. This involves combining information about genes, proteins, cells, and organs. This in turn requires the association of instruments for molecular diagnosis, either in vitro, e.g., the microarray or the lab-on-a-chip, or in vivo, e.g., probes for molecular biopsy, and tools for molecular imaging, used to localise molecular information in living organisms in a non-invasive way. These considerations concern both preclinical research for drug design and human medical applications. With the development of DNA and RNA chips [1], genomics has revolutionised investigative methods for cells and cell processes [2,3]. By sequencing the human genome, new ways have been found for understanding the fundamental mechanisms of life [4]. A revolution is currently under way with the analysis of the proteome [5-8], i.e., the complete set of proteins that can be found in some given biological medium, such as the blood plasma. The goal is to characterise certain diseases by recognisable signatures in the proteomic profile, as determined from a blood sample or a biopsy, for example [9-13]. What is at stake is the early detection of

  5. Information Processing - Administrative Data Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bubenko, Janis

    A three semester, 60-credit course package in the topic of Administrative Data Processing (ADP), offered in 1966 at Stockholm University (SU) and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) is described. The package had an information systems engineering orientation. The first semester focused on datalogical topics, while the second semester focused on the infological topics. The third semester aimed to deepen the students’ knowledge in different parts of ADP and at writing a bachelor thesis. The concluding section of this paper discusses various aspects of the department’s first course effort. The course package led to a concretisation of our discipline and gave our discipline an identity. Our education seemed modern, “just in time”, and well adapted to practical needs. The course package formed the first concrete activity of a group of young teachers and researchers. In a forty-year perspective, these people have further developed the department and the topic to an internationally well-reputed body of knowledge and research. The department has produced more than thirty professors and more than one hundred doctoral degrees.

  6. Cooling water treatment - Processes and regulations; Kuehlwasserbehandlung - Verfahren und Vorschriften

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirsten, J. [Aquatech GmbH, Nieder-Olm (Germany)

    1998-09-01

    Determination of optimal water treatment methods is to be based on requirements set by technical specifications, economic efficiency aspects, and legal regulations. It is an important task and should be done by experts in cooperation with the responsible supervisory bodies. (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Zusammenfassend kann gesagt werden, dass bei der Auswahl des optimalen Verfahrens einer Kuehlwasserbehandlung technische Anforderungen, wirtschaftliche Vorgaben und behoerdliche Auflagen gleichermassen beruecksichtigt werden muessen. Diese Aufgabe sollte von Fachleuten wahrgenommen und mit den zustaendigen Behoerden abgestimmt werden. (orig.)

  7. [Prefrontal cortex in memory and attention processes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allegri, R F; Harris, P

    The role of the prefrontal cortex still remains poorly understood. Only after 1970, the functions of the frontal lobes have been conceptualized from different points of view (behaviorism, cognitivism). Recently,different parallel circuits connecting discrete cortical and subcortical regions of the frontal lobes have been described. Three of these circuits are the most relevant to understanding of behavior: the dorsolateral prefrontal circuit, that mediates executive behavior; the orbitofrontal prefrontal circuit, mediating social behavior, and the medial frontal circuit, involved in motivation. Damage to the frontal cortex impairs planning, problem solving, reasoning, concept formation, temporal ordering of stimuli, estimation, attention, memory search, maintaining information in working memory, associative learning,certain forms of skilled motor activities, image generation and manipulation of the spatial properties of a stimulus, metacognitive thinking, and social cognition. Several theories have been proposed to explain the functions of the prefrontal cortex. Currently,the most influential cognitive models are: the Norman and Shallice supervisory attentional system, involved in non-routine selection; the Baddeley working memory model with the central executive as a supervisory controlling system, in which impairment leads to a 'dysexecutive syndrome'; and the Grafman's model of managerial knowledge units, stored as macrostructured information in the frontal cortex. The prefrontal cortex is essential for attentional control, manipulation of stored knowledge and modulation of complex actions, cognition, emotion and behavior.

  8. Research Student and Supervisor. An Approach to Good Supervisory Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of Graduate Schools in the U.S., Washington, DC.

    The lack of a planned, disciplined, and well-supervised approach to research which frustrates a student's timely completion of a Ph.D. program is addressed. Some practices are discussed which, if adopted, could lead many more students to complete their Ph.D. expeditiously. A framework is presented that is intended to help the student and the…

  9. Adaptive Supervisory Engine for Autonomous Formation Flying GNC Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Autonomous multiple spacecraft formation flying represents a critical enabling technology for future space missions, including NASA's Space and Earth Science...

  10. Commerce Supervisory Course: Discussion Guide. Overcoming Resistance To Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCaw, Edward A.; And Others

    Reasons for employee resistance to change are listed and described. Six steps for the supervisor to take to initiate change are listed and described. Graphics and handouts list reasons for resistance to change and steps to bring about change in work groups. (NF)

  11. Narcissism, eroticism, and envy in the supervisory relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, D

    2001-01-01

    Supervision takes place in a framework of time, place, and duration agreed upon by teacher and student. But beyond the formal arrangements of supervision lie a host of behaviors that express conscious and unconscious fears and wishes that are aroused in student and teacher by their meetings. This paper focuses on supervisors' motivations for teaching, and the ways in which their narcissistic vulnerabilities and their feelings for their students may influence the frame of supervision and its outcome.

  12. On the functions of supervisory boards in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Postma, T.J.B.M.; van Ees, Hans

    2000-01-01

    In corporate governance systems boards perform three functions: the interlocking function (from a resource-dependency and network perspective), a monitoring function (from an agency perspective), and a strategic function (from a strategic choice perspective). In a one-tier board the board of directo

  13. Human Automation Integration for Supervisory Control of UAVs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    diminished. Performance of tasks that are likely to be required include: • Managing and controlling multiple UAV missions • Co-ordination and de...Data latency and trust; • Migrating control between operators and teams ; • Operator skills & embedded training; • Commonality in control...Nano cognetics – bottom-up, emergent organising principles based on least parsable information exchanges Controlability • Automation is not the

  14. Supervisory controller synthesis for product lines using CIF 3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.H. ter Beek (Maurice); M.A. Reniers (Michel); E.P. de Vink (Erik Peter)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractUsing the CIF 3 toolset, we illustrate the general idea of controller synthesis for product line engineering for a prototypical example of a family of coffee machines. The challenge is to integrate a number of given components into a family of products such that the resulting behaviour

  15. Message from the CERN Health Insurance Supervisory Board (CHISB)

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    Following a long series of discussions with the Administration of the La Tour Hospital, a tariff agreement has been concluded between the Hospital and the CERN Health Insurance Scheme. In the case of hospitalisations, this new agreement will apply to admissions on or after 1st September 2004 and will result, in particular, in the reintroduction of the third-party payer system. In the case of out-patient treatment, billing will be according to the Swiss medical tariff system TARMED and Uniqa will act as third-party guarantor. Further details will be published in the next issue of the CHISBull'. Tel.74484

  16. Modeling Operator Performance in Low Task Load Supervisory Domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    defined, it is not easy to recognize boredom in real life (Svendsen, 2005). Dostoevsky (1997) referred to boredom as bestial and indefinable affliction...40(6), 1180-1190. Dostoevsky , F. (1997). A Writer’s Diary (Vol. II). Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press. Ebrahim, S. (2010). Rapid

  17. Multi-model unfalsified adaptive switching supervisory control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baldi, Simone; Battistelli, Giorgio; Mosca, Edoardo; Tesi, Pietro

    2010-01-01

    The paper studies how on-line inferring stability of a potential control-loop consisting of an uncertain plant interconnected in feedback with a candidate controller using plant I/O pairs recorded while the plant is possibly driven by a different controller. In such a context, a convenient tool to w

  18. Multi-UAV Supervisory Control Interface Technology (MUSCIT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    Team was located in two mobile trailers at the south end of the Camp Atterbury runway (as indicated in the satellite view of Camp Atterbury, Figure 12...participants was conducted in a trailer provided by Camp Atterbury for UAV flight test, flight demonstration and training purposes. The configuration of...GIANTS. For the flight test, actors portraying the HVTs rode bicycles from their original positions at Steelers and Cowboys to the destination at

  19. Supervisory Presentation for Research, Information, Integration and Testing (SPRINT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-29

    that developers do not even need to consider this during implementation: the framework handles it at run time. Extensibility saves a great amount of...Planning System. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting (Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 210-214). SAGE Publications. Billings... Ergonomics , 42, 462-492. 33 Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited. 88 ABW Cleared 09/04/2015; 88ABW-2015-4233. Feitshans

  20. Supervisory support in Slovenian and Dutch organizations : A contextualizing approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    den Dulk, Laura; Peper, B.; Kanjuo Mrčela, Aleksandra; Ignjatović, Miroljub

    2016-01-01

    This paper builds on the influential work of Suzan Lewis examining how employees’ work–life experiences are shaped by different layers of context. Our approach is therefore a comparative one using data from four organizational contexts in two countries, the Netherlands and Slovenia. Within each orga

  1. A Fault tolerant Control Supervisory System development Procedurefor Small Satellites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Izadi-Zamanabadi, Roozbeh; Larsen, Jesper Abildgaard

    The paper presents a stepwise procedure to develop a fault tolerant control system for small satellites. The procedure is illustrated through implementation on the AAUSAT-II spacecraft. As it is shown the presented procedure requires expertise from several disciplines that are nevertheless...

  2. The Impact of Video Review on Supervisory Conferencing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baecher, Laura; McCormack, Bede

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated how video-based observation may alter the nature of post-observation talk between supervisors and teacher candidates. Audio-recorded post-observation conversations were coded using a conversation analysis framework and interpreted through the lens of interactional sociology. Findings suggest that video-based observations…

  3. Modeling Supermarket Refrigeration Systems for Supervisory Control in Smart Grid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shafiei, Seyed Ehsan; Rasmussen, Henrik; Stoustrup, Jakob

    2013-01-01

    A modular modeling approach of supermarket refrigeration systems (SRS) which is appropriate for smart grid control purposes is presented in this paper. Modeling and identification are performed by just knowing the system configuration and measured data disregarding the physical details. So......, this approach is extendable to different configurations with different modules. The focus of the work is on estimating the power consumption of the system while estimating the display case temperatures as well. This model can however be employed as a simulation benchmark to develop control methods for SRS...... regarding their power/energy consumptions in the future smart grids. Moreover, the developed model is validated by real data collected from a supermarket in Denmark. The utilization of the produced model is also illustrated by a simple simulation example....

  4. The clinic supervisory system as experienced by nurse supervisors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NM Tembani

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available A lack of proper monitoring and supervision of clinics in the King William’s Town Health District (Eastern Cape was highlighted by members of the public in the local newspaper, The Daily Dispatch, during 1999. A clinic audit conducted by the Health Information Unit of the King William’s Town Health District further revealed the inadequacies of clinic supervision in this district. This article describes the qualitative study that was conducted with the aim of optimising clinic supervision in this health district. The study brought to light two issues that appear to be paramount in ensuring optimal clinic supervision.

  5. A Discourse Analysis of School Counseling Supervisory E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luke, Melissa; Gordon, Cynthia

    2011-01-01

    This article is a discourse analysis of weekly computer-mediated communications between 8 school counseling interns and their e-mail supervisor over a 16-week semester. Course-required e-mail supervision was provided as an adjunct to traditional face-to-face individual and group supervision. School counselor supervisees and supervisor enacted 3…

  6. Modeling Human Supervisory Control in Heterogeneous Unmanned Vehicle Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-01

    events through a queue, nominally due to another queue having reached its capacity limitation (Balsamo, Persone, & Onvural, 2001; Onvural, 1990; Perros ...Communication and Coordination, Athens, Greece. Perros , H. G. (1984). Queuing Networks with Blocking: A Bibliography. ACM Sigmetrics, Performance Evaluation

  7. Modeling human decision making behavior in supervisory control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tulga, M. K.; Sheridan, T. B.

    1977-01-01

    An optimal decision control model was developed, which is based primarily on a dynamic programming algorithm which looks at all the available task possibilities, charts an optimal trajectory, and commits itself to do the first step (i.e., follow the optimal trajectory during the next time period), and then iterates the calculation. A Bayesian estimator was included which estimates the tasks which might occur in the immediate future and provides this information to the dynamic programming routine. Preliminary trials comparing the human subject's performance to that of the optimal model show a great similarity, but indicate that the human skips certain movements which require quick change in strategy.

  8. 12 CFR 1777.10 - Developments prompting supervisory response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... single-family mortgage loans owned or securities by an Enterprise that are delinquent ninety days or more.... 1777.10 Section 1777.10 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF FEDERAL HOUSING ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF... are located properties securing more than 25 percent of single-family mortgages owned or...

  9. Europe's post-crisis supervisory arrangements: a critique

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smits, R.

    2010-01-01

    Th is paper, based on presentations before audiences in Lisbon, provides an overview of the causes of the credit crisis and discusses one of the reports issued in the wake thereof, the De Larosière Report. Its main findings in respect of financial sector regulation are reviewed: a single European

  10. Predictive Models of Procedural Human Supervisory Control Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    flight-path deconfliction and crew duties, remain a primary concern for safe operations ( Weibel and Hansman, 2005). In summary, the control of multiple...for the development of decision aids." Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on 20(2): 310-317. Weibel , R. E. and J. R. Hansman (2005

  11. Human supervisory approach to modeling industrial scenes using geometric primitives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luck, J.P.; Little, C.Q.; Roberts, R.S.

    1997-11-19

    A three-dimensional world model is crucial for many robotic tasks. Modeling techniques tend to be either fully manual or autonomous. Manual methods are extremely time consuming but also highly accurate and flexible. Autonomous techniques are fast but inflexible and, with real-world data, often inaccurate. The method presented in this paper combines the two, yielding a highly efficient, flexible, and accurate mapping tool. The segmentation and modeling algorithms that compose the method are specifically designed for industrial environments, and are described in detail. A mapping system based on these algorithms has been designed. It enables a human supervisor to quickly construct a fully defined world model from unfiltered and unsegmented real-world range imagery. Examples of how industrial scenes are modeled with the mapping system are provided.

  12. On the functions of supervisory boards in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Postma, T.J.B.M.; van Ees, Hans

    2000-01-01

    In corporate governance systems boards perform three functions: the interlocking function (from a resource-dependency and network perspective), a monitoring function (from an agency perspective), and a strategic function (from a strategic choice perspective). In a one-tier board the board of

  13. The Impact of Video Review on Supervisory Conferencing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baecher, Laura; McCormack, Bede

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated how video-based observation may alter the nature of post-observation talk between supervisors and teacher candidates. Audio-recorded post-observation conversations were coded using a conversation analysis framework and interpreted through the lens of interactional sociology. Findings suggest that video-based observations…

  14. Management and Supervisory Training: A Review and Annotated Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    firing, making meetings more productive, dealing with conflict situations, managing communication, and becoming an effective leader. ! Speroff , B.J...criticize and evaluate the performance. Speroff , B.J. "The Substitution Method in Role-Playing Grievance Handling." Personnel J., v. 38, 1959, pp. 9-12

  15. Message from the CERN Health Insurance Supervisory Board (CHISB)

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    At the end of 2006, the Management of Clinique La Colline canceled its 2005 tariff agreement with the health insurance schemes of international organizations (CERN, ILO-ITU, WHO, UNOG). The proposed 2007 tariffs were unacceptable to these schemes as they included an average increase of 12%. No agreement was found and therefore this clinic is no longer approved by the CHIS, according to the definition given in the Rules of the CERN Health Insurance Scheme. Our Administrator, UNIQA, will no longer act as paying third party for any hospitalisation which has not already been planned and agreed. More information will appear in the next issue of the CHISBull'. Tel.74484

  16. The impact of communication on the learning process: A study of secondary schools in Calabar municipality, cross river state of Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndongko, Theresa M.; Agu, A. A.

    1985-12-01

    The premise being that there is a significant correlation between communication in the classroom and the academic performance of students, this article approaches the learning process as itself a function of communication, whereby communication is understood as a two-way interactive process. This is not to say that learning is communicatiion, nor is it to say that academic performance exists in a simple causal relationship to successful classroom communication: Successful communication between the teacher and students is a necessary condition of academic achievement. Effective teaching presupposes effective communication. The teacher makes effective communication possible by identifying the needs of the students, addressing these needs at the appropriate level, and creating a relaxed atmosphere in which a free, democratic flow of discussion is possible. Active classroom participation is not in itself sufficient, however; the cognitive processes must be brought into play. If the needs of the students have been accurately identified, and if appropriate verbal and non-verbal communication is employed, the chances of success are correspondingly high. Effective teacher ccmmunication can be learned, and it is the responsibility of teacher training institutions and supervisory bodies, as well as of the teachers themselves, to ensure an adequate awareness of modern communication theories.

  17. Drop-on-Demand System for Manufacturing of Melt-based Solid Oral Dosage: Effect of Critical Process Parameters on Product Quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Içten, Elçin; Giridhar, Arun; Nagy, Zoltan K; Reklaitis, Gintaras V

    2016-04-01

    The features of a drop-on-demand-based system developed for the manufacture of melt-based pharmaceuticals have been previously reported. In this paper, a supervisory control system, which is designed to ensure reproducible production of high quality of melt-based solid oral dosages, is presented. This control system enables the production of individual dosage forms with the desired critical quality attributes: amount of active ingredient and drug morphology by monitoring and controlling critical process parameters, such as drop size and product and process temperatures. The effects of these process parameters on the final product quality are investigated, and the properties of the produced dosage forms characterized using various techniques, such as Raman spectroscopy, optical microscopy, and dissolution testing. A crystallization temperature control strategy, including controlled temperature cycles, is presented to tailor the crystallization behavior of drug deposits and to achieve consistent drug morphology. This control strategy can be used to achieve the desired bioavailability of the drug by mitigating variations in the dissolution profiles. The supervisor control strategy enables the application of the drop-on-demand system to the production of individualized dosage required for personalized drug regimens.

  18. Open Issues in Supervisory Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles: A Unified Approach Using Optimal Control Methods Questions ouvertes sur la supervision énergétique des véhicules hybrides électriques : une approche unifiée par la théorie de la commande optimale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serrao L.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Energy management of hybrid propulsion systems is considered, presenting new issues that extend the energy management role beyond the standard torque splitting to maximize system efficiency. The new issues include additional optimization criteria, constraints and relevant dynamics to deal with. New optimization criteria in addition the sole fuel consumption minimization include engine-out pollutant emissions and battery aging. State constraints are modified to account for plug-in hybrid vehicles. Moreover, specific supervisory control problems are recognized to need additional state variables. The latter comprise: engine and catalyst temperature to deal with engine warm-up effects on fuel consumption and after-catalyst emissions; thermal dynamics of heat recovery systems (Rankine or Thermo-Electric Generators, TEGs; and battery temperature, which influences battery performance and aging. It is shown that all these control problems can be treated in an unified fashion by extending the well-known ECMS (Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy, which is an implementation of Pontryagin Minimum Principle (PMP as formulated by optimal control theory. Extended definitions of the Hamiltonian function and Lagrange multipliers are introduced. Optimization runs performed off line are reported. Results show the benefits of the proposed unified approach and enlighten some first online implementation issues. Cet article a pour objet la gestion optimale de l’énergie pour un système de propulsion hybride. Le problème traditionnel de répartition de la puissance est modifié avec des nouveaux objectifs d’optimisation et des nouvelles contraintes. Les nouveaux objectifs d’optimisation incluent les émissions de polluants et le vieillissement de la batterie. Les contraintes sont modifiées pour prendre en compte des batteries à recharge externe (hybrides plug-in. De plus, des problèmes spécifiques sont traités avec une modélisation plus d

  19. "Active Agents of Change?" Mandarin-Speaking Students in New Zealand and the Thesis Writing Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chiungying Evelyn; Strauss, Pat

    2010-01-01

    This paper seeks to highlight the issue of learner agency in the supervisory relationship. Although this study is confined to the perceptions of a small group of Chinese-speaking international students, this issue is not one peculiar to them. Dealing with status imbalances in this relationship is a challenge that faces all students regardless of…

  20. Problems Associated with Implementation of an Effective Upward Appraisal Feedback Process: An Experimental Field Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonioni, David

    1995-01-01

    Investigated the effects of written-upward appraisal reports (feedback) and performance reviews on the supervisory behavior of 96 managers. Results indicate that managers who received feedback did not improve their supervision more than managers who did not receive feedback. Discusses problems and provides recommendations for the design of an…

  1. "Active Agents of Change?" Mandarin-Speaking Students in New Zealand and the Thesis Writing Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chiungying Evelyn; Strauss, Pat

    2010-01-01

    This paper seeks to highlight the issue of learner agency in the supervisory relationship. Although this study is confined to the perceptions of a small group of Chinese-speaking international students, this issue is not one peculiar to them. Dealing with status imbalances in this relationship is a challenge that faces all students regardless of…

  2. Electrotechnologies to process foods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Electrical energy is being used to process foods. In conventional food processing plants, electricity drives mechanical devices and controls the degree of process. In recent years, several processing technologies are being developed to process foods directly with electricity. Electrotechnologies use...

  3. The Data Processing Concept After If Google Spain and its influence on Brazilian Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cíntia Rosa Pereira de Lima

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The information economy challenges personal data protection because it represents an obstacle to the big corporations’ economic interests within this market. The companies which operate the searching websites, that before had only profits, face nowadays legal battles in order not to be bound to personal data protection legislation. The leading case, known as Google Spain must be considered as a landmark in such process given the European Court of Justice’s interpretation of the Directive 95/46/CE considering that the search engines shall be considered as personal data processing because the data which are inserted by the users are collected, stored, disclosed within certain classification order. As a matter of fact, personal data processing is stated by law in open terms due the fact that one cannot freeze the law that suffers constantly the impact of new technologies. The Spanish Law played an important role through its Supervisory Authority, named Agencia Española de Protección de Datos Personales – AEPD, that since 2007 had conclued that the search engines are activities that process personal data. Such findings were reaffirmed one year later by the Working Party, WP 29 opinion n. 148 (April 4th 2008 in which it was clear that the searching websites shall to be considered personal data processing. This paper intends to analyze the statements raised within this subject. In other words if the search engines are data processing, the searching websites’ operators must follow the personal data protection legislation that ensures rights to the data’s subject such as the right to correct, cancel or delete his information. In Brazil, the Internet Civil Rights Framework, know as Marco Civil da Internet, has dealt with personal data protection superficially within article 7º, inc. VIII, IX and X, the last one states the right to cancel or delete personal information which is repeated at article 10. This research aims to investigate that

  4. Studies on process synthesis and process integration

    OpenAIRE

    Fien, Gert-Jan A. F.

    1994-01-01

    This thesis discusses topics in the field of process engineering that have received much attention over the past twenty years: (1) conceptual process synthesis using heuristic shortcut methods and (2) process integration through heat-exchanger networks and energy-saving power and refrigeration systems. The shortcut methods for conceptual process synthesis presented in Chapter 2, utilize Residue Curve Maps in ternary diagrams and are illustrated with examples of processes...

  5. Extensible packet processing architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Perry J.; Hamlet, Jason R.; Pierson, Lyndon G.; Olsberg, Ronald R.; Chun, Guy D.

    2013-08-20

    A technique for distributed packet processing includes sequentially passing packets associated with packet flows between a plurality of processing engines along a flow through data bus linking the plurality of processing engines in series. At least one packet within a given packet flow is marked by a given processing engine to signify by the given processing engine to the other processing engines that the given processing engine has claimed the given packet flow for processing. A processing function is applied to each of the packet flows within the processing engines and the processed packets are output on a time-shared, arbitered data bus coupled to the plurality of processing engines.

  6. Extensible packet processing architecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robertson, Perry J.; Hamlet, Jason R.; Pierson, Lyndon G.; Olsberg, Ronald R.; Chun, Guy D.

    2013-08-20

    A technique for distributed packet processing includes sequentially passing packets associated with packet flows between a plurality of processing engines along a flow through data bus linking the plurality of processing engines in series. At least one packet within a given packet flow is marked by a given processing engine to signify by the given processing engine to the other processing engines that the given processing engine has claimed the given packet flow for processing. A processing function is applied to each of the packet flows within the processing engines and the processed packets are output on a time-shared, arbitered data bus coupled to the plurality of processing engines.

  7. Process mineralogy IX

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petruk, W.; Hagni, R.D.; Pignolet-Brandom, S.; Hausen, D.M. (eds.) (Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology, Ottawa, ON (Canada))

    1990-01-01

    54 papers are presented under the headings: keynote address; process mineralogy applications to mineral processing; process mineralogy applications to gold; process mineralogy applications to pyrometallurgy and hydrometallurgy; process mineralogy applications to environment and health; and process mineralogy applications to synthetic materials. Subject and author indexes are provided. Three papers have been abstracted separately.

  8. 基于HACCP的冷链物流食品安全管理应用研究%Study on Application of Food Safety Management in Cold Chain Logistics Process Based on HACCP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余建海; 付锐

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, starting form the HACCP principle and the cold chain logistics process, we analyzed the hazards in the cold chain logistics process, determined the critical control points and the critical limits, and then formulated the supervisory and corrective actions to complete the HACCP recording and verification processes. Meanwhile, in view of the implementation of the HACCP system, we proposed six supporting measures to ensure the effectiveness of it.%从HACCP实施原则和冷链物流流程入手,对各环节进行危害分析,确定关键控制点(CCP)及关键限值(CL),再制定监控与纠偏措施,完成HACCP的记录与验证.同时还针对HACCP的实施提出了加快物流设备、技术的信息化应用;建立产品追溯及食品安全管理信息平台;组建企业HACCP专家队伍;HACCP实施的制度化;建立健全HACCP绩效评价体系;对员工进行职业培训,提高员工忠诚度等六点保障措施.

  9. Refactoring Process Models in Large Process Repositories.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weber, B.; Reichert, M.U.

    2008-01-01

    With the increasing adoption of process-aware information systems (PAIS), large process model repositories have emerged. Over time respective models have to be re-aligned to the real-world business processes through customization or adaptation. This bears the risk that model redundancies are introdu

  10. Thinning spatial point processes into Poisson processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Jesper; Schoenberg, Frederic Paik

    2010-01-01

    are identified, and where we simulate backwards and forwards in order to obtain the thinned process. In the case of a Cox process, a simple independent thinning technique is proposed. In both cases, the thinning results in a Poisson process if and only if the true Papangelou conditional intensity is used, and...

  11. Thinning spatial point processes into Poisson processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Jesper; Schoenberg, Frederic Paik

    , and where one simulates backwards and forwards in order to obtain the thinned process. In the case of a Cox process, a simple independent thinning technique is proposed. In both cases, the thinning results in a Poisson process if and only if the true Papangelou conditional intensity is used, and thus can...

  12. Refactoring Process Models in Large Process Repositories.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weber, B.; Reichert, M.U.

    With the increasing adoption of process-aware information systems (PAIS), large process model repositories have emerged. Over time respective models have to be re-aligned to the real-world business processes through customization or adaptation. This bears the risk that model redundancies are

  13. The permanental process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McCullagh, Peter; Møller, Jesper

    2006-01-01

    We extend the boson process first to a large class of Cox processes and second to an even larger class of infinitely divisible point processes. Density and moment results are studied in detail. These results are obtained in closed form as weighted permanents, so the extension i called a permanental...... process. Temporal extensions and a particularly tractable case of the permanental process are also studied. Extensions of the fermion process along similar lines, leading to so-called determinantal processes, are discussed....

  14. Collaborative Learning Processes in Teacher Training: Benefits and Costs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Aschermann

    2015-09-01

    and their experiences during implementation. A thematic analysis approach was used to identify the factors relevant for the implementation from the teacher’s perspective. Observation sessions of classroom activities were undertaken four times during the project period in each class. Results: Both groups stated that the focus on self-regulated learning inspired them to change some of their habits in their own teaching. Teachers in the cooperative group increasingly reported a growing awareness for details of their own preparations when planning lessons or grading, more so than the teachers in the supervisory group. In the collaborative group concrete attempts were made to change some organizational factors so that collaboration could continue for a longer period. Conclusion: The distribution of didactic innovations such as the implementation of self-regulated learning in teaching contexts requires a two fold perspective. Not only the teachers and their individual teaching have to be taken into account but also the school conditions under which the teachers work. The integral perspective on the analysis of these implementation processes proved to be fruitful.

  15. Food Processing and Allergenicity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhoeckx, K.; Vissers, Y.; Baumert, J.L.; Faludi, R.; Fleys, M.; Flanagan, S.; Herouet-Guicheney, C.; Holzhauser, T.; Shimojo, R.; Bolt, van der Nieke; Wichers, H.J.; Kimber, I.

    2015-01-01

    Food processing can have many beneficial effects. However, processing may also alter the allergenic properties of food proteins. A wide variety of processing methods is available and their use depends largely on the food to be processed.

    In this review the impact of processing (heat and non

  16. Food processing and allergenicity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhoeckx, K.C.M.; Vissers, Y.M.; Baumert, J.L.; Faludi, R.; Feys, M.; Flanagan, S.; Herouet-Guicheney, C.; Holzhauser, T.; Shimojo, R.; Bolt, N. van der; Wichers, H.; Kimber, I.

    2015-01-01

    Food processing can have many beneficial effects. However, processing may also alter the allergenic properties of food proteins. A wide variety of processing methods is available and their use depends largely on the food to be processed. In this review the impact of processing (heat and non-heat tre

  17. SAR processing using SHARC signal processing systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huxtable, Barton D.; Jackson, Christopher R.; Skaron, Steve A.

    1998-09-01

    Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is uniquely suited to help solve the Search and Rescue problem since it can be utilized either day or night and through both dense fog or thick cloud cover. Other papers in this session, and in this session in 1997, describe the various SAR image processing algorithms that are being developed and evaluated within the Search and Rescue Program. All of these approaches to using SAR data require substantial amounts of digital signal processing: for the SAR image formation, and possibly for the subsequent image processing. In recognition of the demanding processing that will be required for an operational Search and Rescue Data Processing System (SARDPS), NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center and NASA/Stennis Space Center are conducting a technology demonstration utilizing SHARC multi-chip modules from Boeing to perform SAR image formation processing.

  18. INTEGRATED RENEWAL PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suyono .

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The marginal distribution of integrated renewal process is derived in this paper. Our approach is based on the theory of point processes, especially Poisson point processes. The results are presented in the form of Laplace transforms.

  19. 78 FR 29140 - Center for Devices and Radiological Health Appeals Processes: Questions and Answers About 517A...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-17

    ...), which were added by the FDA Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA), as those provisions pertain to requests for documentation of rationales for significant decisions and requests for supervisory review of... request documentation of significant decisions under section 517A of the FD&C Act, and how this...

  20. Integrated Process Capability Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen; H; T; Huang; M; L; Hung; Y; H; Chen; K; S

    2002-01-01

    Process Capability Analysis (PCA) is a powerful too l to assess the ability of a process for manufacturing product that meets specific ations. The larger process capability index implies the higher process yield, a nd the larger process capability index also indicates the lower process expected loss. Chen et al. (2001) has applied indices C pu, C pl, and C pk for evaluating the process capability for a multi-process product wi th smaller-the-better, larger-the-better, and nominal-the-best spec...

  1. Product Development Process Modeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    The use of Concurrent Engineering and other modern methods of product development and maintenance require that a large number of time-overlapped "processes" be performed by many people. However, successfully describing and optimizing these processes are becoming even more difficult to achieve. The perspective of industrial process theory (the definition of process) and the perspective of process implementation (process transition, accumulation, and inter-operations between processes) are used to survey the method used to build one base model (multi-view) process model.

  2. From Process Understanding to Process Control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Streefland, M.

    2010-01-01

    A licensed pharmaceutical process is required to be executed within the validated ranges throughout the lifetime of product manufacturing. Changes to the process usually require the manufacturer to demonstrate that the safety and efficacy of the product remains unchanged. Recent changes in the regul

  3. Business Process Redesign: Design the Improved Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-01

    64 C. MULTIVOTING ......... .................. .. 65 D. ELECTRONIC VOTING TECHNOLOGY ... ......... .. 65 v E. PAIRED...PROCESS IMPROVEMENT PROCESS (PIP) Diagram of each Activity (AI-A4) ......... .. 122 vi APPENDIX D: PRODUCTS AND VENDORS WHICH SUPPORT ELECTRONIC VOTING ............. 126...requirements. D. ELECTRONIC VOTING TECHNOLOGY Nunamaker [1992] suggests that traditional voting usual- ly happens at the end of a discussion, to close

  4. Process Intensification: A Perspective on Process Synthesis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lutze, Philip; Gani, Rafiqul; Woodley, John

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, process intensification (PI) has attracted considerable academic interest as a potential means for process improvement, to meet the increasing demands for sustainable production. A variety of intensified operations developed in academia and industry creates a large number of opti...

  5. Idaho Chemical Processing Plant Process Efficiency improvements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griebenow, B.

    1996-03-01

    In response to decreasing funding levels available to support activities at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) and a desire to be cost competitive, the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) and Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company have increased their emphasis on cost-saving measures. The ICPP Effectiveness Improvement Initiative involves many activities to improve cost effectiveness and competitiveness. This report documents the methodology and results of one of those cost cutting measures, the Process Efficiency Improvement Activity. The Process Efficiency Improvement Activity performed a systematic review of major work processes at the ICPP to increase productivity and to identify nonvalue-added requirements. A two-phase approach was selected for the activity to allow for near-term implementation of relatively easy process modifications in the first phase while obtaining long-term continuous improvement in the second phase and beyond. Phase I of the initiative included a concentrated review of processes that had a high potential for cost savings with the intent of realizing savings in Fiscal Year 1996 (FY-96.) Phase II consists of implementing long-term strategies too complex for Phase I implementation and evaluation of processes not targeted for Phase I review. The Phase II effort is targeted for realizing cost savings in FY-97 and beyond.

  6. Technology or Process First?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siurdyban, Artur Henryk; Svejvig, Per; Møller, Charles

    between them using strategic alignment, Enterprise Systems and Business Process Management theories. We argue that the insights from these cases can lead to a better alignment between process and technology. Implications for practice include the direction towards a closer integration of process...... and technology factors in organizations. Theoretical implications call for a design-oriented view of technology and process alignment....

  7. IMPLEMENTING BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Vlad BALANESCU; Mihaela MASCU

    2014-01-01

    Business Process Management (BPM) is considered to be the third wave in business process theory. Appearing as a response to the critique formulated regarding Business Process Reengineering, BPM tries to be a more holistic and integrated approach to management and processes. In a time where complex solutions are needed solution that incorporates elements from various concepts, Business Process Management can be, in my opinion, a link between these ideas. After a short introduction presenting g...

  8. Thin film processes

    CERN Document Server

    Vossen, John L

    1978-01-01

    Remarkable advances have been made in recent years in the science and technology of thin film processes for deposition and etching. It is the purpose of this book to bring together tutorial reviews of selected filmdeposition and etching processes from a process viewpoint. Emphasis is placed on the practical use of the processes to provide working guidelines for their implementation, a guide to the literature, and an overview of each process.

  9. Business process transformation the process tangram framework

    CERN Document Server

    Sharma, Chitra

    2015-01-01

    This book presents a framework through transformation and explains  how business goals can be translated into realistic plans that are tangible and yield real results in terms of the top line and the bottom line. Process Transformation is like a tangram puzzle, which has multiple solutions yet is essentially composed of seven 'tans' that hold it together. Based on practical experience and intensive research into existing material, 'Process Tangram' is a simple yet powerful framework that proposes Process Transformation as a program. The seven 'tans' are: the transformation program itself, triggers, goals, tools and techniques, culture, communication and success factors. With its segregation into tans and division into core elements, this framework makes it possible to use 'pick and choose' to quickly and easily map an organization's specific requirements. Change management and process modeling are covered in detail. In addition, the book approaches managed services as a model of service delivery, which it ex...

  10. Process innovation laboratory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Charles

    2007-01-01

    Most organizations today are required not only to operate effective business processes but also to allow for changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Today nearly every business relies on their enterprise information systems (EIS) for process integration and future generations of EIS...... will increasingly be driven by business process models. Consequently business process modelling and improvement is becoming a serious challenge. The aim of this paper is to establish a conceptual framework for business process innovation (BPI) in the supply chain based on advanced EIS. The challenge is thus...... to create a new methodology for developing and exploring process models and applications. The paper outlines the process innovation laboratory as a new approach to BPI. The process innovation laboratory is a comprehensive framework and a collaborative workspace for experimenting with process models...

  11. Metallurgical process engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yin, Ruiyu [Central Iron and Steel Research Institute (CISRI), Beijing (China)

    2011-07-01

    ''Metallurgical Process Engineering'' discusses large-scale integrated theory on the level of manufacturing production processes, putting forward concepts for exploring non-equilibrium and irreversible complex system. It emphasizes the dynamic and orderly operation of the steel plant manufacturing process, the major elements of which are the flow, process network and program. The book aims at establishing a quasi-continuous and continuous process system for improving several techno-economic indices, minimizing dissipation and enhancing the market competitiveness and sustainability of steel plants. The book is intended for engineers, researchers and managers in the fields of metallurgical engineering, industrial design, and process engineering. (orig.)

  12. Acoustic signal processing toolbox for array processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Tien; Whipps, Gene T.

    2003-08-01

    The US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) has developed an acoustic signal processing toolbox (ASPT) for acoustic sensor array processing. The intent of this document is to describe the toolbox and its uses. The ASPT is a GUI-based software that is developed and runs under MATLAB. The current version, ASPT 3.0, requires MATLAB 6.0 and above. ASPT contains a variety of narrowband (NB) and incoherent and coherent wideband (WB) direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation and beamforming algorithms that have been researched and developed at ARL. Currently, ASPT contains 16 DOA and beamforming algorithms. It contains several different NB and WB versions of the MVDR, MUSIC and ESPRIT algorithms. In addition, there are a variety of pre-processing, simulation and analysis tools available in the toolbox. The user can perform simulation or real data analysis for all algorithms with user-defined signal model parameters and array geometries.

  13. Secure Processing Lab

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Secure Processing Lab is the center of excellence for new and novel processing techniques for the formation, calibration and analysis of radar. In addition, this...

  14. Business Process Inventory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — Inventory of maps and descriptions of the business processes of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM), with an emphasis on the processes of the Office of the...

  15. Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL)�is a scientific facility funded by DOE to create and implement innovative processes for environmental clean-up and...

  16. Natural Language Processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowdhury, Gobinda G.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses issues related to natural language processing, including theoretical developments; natural language understanding; tools and techniques; natural language text processing systems; abstracting; information extraction; information retrieval; interfaces; software; Internet, Web, and digital library applications; machine translation for…

  17. Dairy processing, Improving quality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, G.

    2003-01-01

    This book discusses raw milk composition, production and quality, and reviews developments in processing from hygiene and HACCP systems to automation, high-pressure processing and modified atmosphere packaging.

  18. Group Decision Process Support

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gøtze, John; Hijikata, Masao

    1997-01-01

    Introducing the notion of Group Decision Process Support Systems (GDPSS) to traditional decision-support theorists.......Introducing the notion of Group Decision Process Support Systems (GDPSS) to traditional decision-support theorists....

  19. Towards better process understanding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Matero, Sanni Elina; van der Berg, Franciscus Winfried J; Poutiainen, Sami

    2013-01-01

    , current best practice to control a typical process is to not allow process-related factors to vary i.e. lock the production parameters. The problem related to the lack of sufficient process understanding is still there: the variation within process and material properties is an intrinsic feature...... and cannot be compensated for with constant process parameters. Instead, a more comprehensive approach based on the use of multivariate tools for investigating processes should be applied. In the pharmaceutical field these methods are referred to as Process Analytical Technology (PAT) tools that aim...... to achieve a thorough understanding and control over the production process. PAT includes the frames for measurement as well as data analyzes and controlling for in-depth understanding, leading to more consistent and safer drug products with less batch rejections. In the optimal situation, by applying...

  20. Cognitive processes in CBT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Becker, E.S.; Vrijsen, J.N.

    2017-01-01

    Automatic cognitive processing helps us navigate the world. However, if the emotional and cognitive interplay becomes skewed, those cognitive processes can become maladaptive and result in psychopathology. Although biases are present in most mental disorders, different disorders are characterized by

  1. Infrared processing of foods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Infrared (IR) processing of foods has been gaining popularity over conventional processing in several unit operations, including drying, peeling, baking, roasting, blanching, pasteurization, sterilization, disinfection, disinfestation, cooking, and popping . It has shown advantages over conventional...

  2. News: Process intensification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conservation of materials and energy is a major objective to the philosophy of sustainability. Where production processes can be intensified to assist these objectives, significant advances have been developed to assist conservation as well as cost. Process intensification (PI) h...

  3. Polyamines in tea processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palavan-Unsal, Narcin; Arisan, Elif Damla; Terzioglu, Salih

    2007-06-01

    The distribution of dietary polyamines, putrescine, spermidine and spermine, was determined during processing of Camellia sinensis. Black tea manufacture is carried by a series of processes on fresh tea leaves involving withering, rolling, fermentation, drying and sieving. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of tea processing on the polyamine content in relation with antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase, lipid peroxidase and glutathione peroxidase. Before processing, the spermine content was much higher than the putrescine and spermidine content in green tea leaves. Spermine was significantly decreased during processing while the putrescine and spermine contents increased during withered and rolling and decreased in the following stages. The superoxide dismutase activity increased at the withering stage and declined during processing. The transcript level of the polyamine biosynthesis-responsible enzyme ornithine decarboxylase was reduced during each processing step. This study reveals the importance of protection of nutritional compounds that are essential for health during the manufacturing process.

  4. Drug Development Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Device Approvals The Drug Development Process The Drug Development Process Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing ... Pin it Email Print Step 1 Discovery and Development Discovery and Development Research for a new drug ...

  5. Stochastic processes - quantum physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Streit, L. (Bielefeld Univ. (Germany, F.R.))

    1984-01-01

    The author presents an elementary introduction to stochastic processes. He starts from simple quantum mechanics and considers problems in probability, finally presenting quantum dynamics in terms of stochastic processes.

  6. Software Process Improvement Defined

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aaen, Ivan

    2002-01-01

    This paper argues in favor of the development of explanatory theory on software process improvement. The last one or two decades commitment to prescriptive approaches in software process improvement theory may contribute to the emergence of a gulf dividing theorists and practitioners....... It is proposed that this divide be met by the development of theory evaluating prescriptive approaches and informing practice with a focus on the software process policymaking and process control aspects of improvement efforts...

  7. Software Process Improvement Defined

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aaen, Ivan

    2002-01-01

    This paper argues in favor of the development of explanatory theory on software process improvement. The last one or two decades commitment to prescriptive approaches in software process improvement theory may contribute to the emergence of a gulf dividing theorists and practitioners....... It is proposed that this divide be met by the development of theory evaluating prescriptive approaches and informing practice with a focus on the software process policymaking and process control aspects of improvement efforts...

  8. Dosimetry for radiation processing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, Arne

    1986-01-01

    During the past few years significant advances have taken place in the different areas of dosimetry for radiation processing, mainly stimulated by the increased interest in radiation for food preservation, plastic processing and sterilization of medical products. Reference services both...... and sterilization dosimetry, optichromic dosimeters in the shape of small tubes for food processing, and ESR spectroscopy of alanine for reference dosimetry. In this paper the special features of radiation processing dosimetry are discussed, several commonly used dosimeters are reviewed, and factors leading...

  9. Modeling multiphase materials processes

    CERN Document Server

    Iguchi, Manabu

    2010-01-01

    ""Modeling Multiphase Materials Processes: Gas-Liquid Systems"" describes the methodology and application of physical and mathematical modeling to multi-phase flow phenomena in materials processing. The book focuses on systems involving gas-liquid interaction, the most prevalent in current metallurgical processes. The performance characteristics of these processes are largely dependent on transport phenomena. This volume covers the inherent characteristics that complicate the modeling of transport phenomena in such systems, including complex multiphase structure, intense turbulence, opacity of

  10. Grind hardening process

    CERN Document Server

    Salonitis, Konstantinos

    2015-01-01

    This book presents the grind-hardening process and the main studies published since it was introduced in 1990s.  The modelling of the various aspects of the process, such as the process forces, temperature profile developed, hardness profiles, residual stresses etc. are described in detail. The book is of interest to the research community working with mathematical modeling and optimization of manufacturing processes.

  11. Semisolid Metal Processing Consortium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Apelian,Diran

    2002-01-10

    Mathematical modeling and simulations of semisolid filling processes remains a critical issue in understanding and optimizing the process. Semisolid slurries are non-Newtonian materials that exhibit complex rheological behavior. There the way these slurries flow in cavities is very different from the way liquid in classical casting fills cavities. Actually filling in semisolid processing is often counter intuitive

  12. Clinical Process Intelligence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vilstrup Pedersen, Klaus

    2006-01-01

    .e. local guidelines. From a knowledge management point of view, this externalization of generalized processes, gives the opportunity to learn from, evaluate and optimize the processes. "Clinical Process Intelligence" (CPI), will denote the goal of getting generalized insight into patient centered health...

  13. Auditory processing models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dau, Torsten

    2008-01-01

    The Handbook of Signal Processing in Acoustics will compile the techniques and applications of signal processing as they are used in the many varied areas of Acoustics. The Handbook will emphasize the interdisciplinary nature of signal processing in acoustics. Each Section of the Handbook will pr...

  14. Teaching Process Design through Integrated Process Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzger, Matthew J.; Glasser, Benjamin J.; Patel, Bilal; Hildebrandt, Diane; Glasser, David

    2012-01-01

    The design course is an integral part of chemical engineering education. A novel approach to the design course was recently introduced at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. The course aimed to introduce students to systematic tools and techniques for setting and evaluating performance targets for processes, as well as…

  15. The Training Process of the Organization Development and Training Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Melissa S.

    2004-01-01

    The Organization Development and Training Office provides training and development opportunities to employees at NASA Glenn Research Center, as a division of the Office of Human Resources and Workforce Planning. Center-wide required trainings, new employee trainings, workshops and career development programs are organized by the OD&TO staff. They also arrange all academic, non-academic, headquarters, fellowship and learning center sponsored courses. They also service organizations wishing to work more effectively by facilitating teambuilding exercises. Equal Opportunity programs and upward mobility programs such as the STEP and GO programs for administrative staff. In working with my mentor I am very involved with Cuyahoga Community College classes, mandatory supervisory training and administrative staff workshops. My largest tasks are in the secretarial training category. The Supporting Organizations And Relationships workshop for administrative personnel, commonly known as SOAR, began last year and continued this summer with follow-up workshops. Months before a workshop or class is brought to Glenn, a need has to be realized. In this case, administrative staff did not feel they had an opportunity to receive relevant training and develop skills through teambuilding, networking and communication. A Statement of work is then created as several companies are contacted about providing the training. After the company best suited to meet the target group s needs is selected, the course is announced with an outline of all pertinent information. A reservation for a facility is made and applications or nominations, depending on the announcement s guidelines, are received from interested employees. Confirmations are sent to participants and final preparations are made but there are still several concluding steps. A training office staff member also assists the facilitator with setting up the facility and introducing the class. After the class, participants evaluations are

  16. The Training Process of the Organization Development and Training Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Melissa S.

    2004-01-01

    The Organization Development and Training Office provides training and development opportunities to employees at NASA Glenn Research Center, as a division of the Office of Human Resources and Workforce Planning. Center-wide required trainings, new employee trainings, workshops and career development programs are organized by the OD&TO staff. They also arrange all academic, non-academic, headquarters, fellowship and learning center sponsored courses. They also service organizations wishing to work more effectively by facilitating teambuilding exercises. Equal Opportunity programs and upward mobility programs such as the STEP and GO programs for administrative staff. In working with my mentor I am very involved with Cuyahoga Community College classes, mandatory supervisory training and administrative staff workshops. My largest tasks are in the secretarial training category. The Supporting Organizations And Relationships workshop for administrative personnel, commonly known as SOAR, began last year and continued this summer with follow-up workshops. Months before a workshop or class is brought to Glenn, a need has to be realized. In this case, administrative staff did not feel they had an opportunity to receive relevant training and develop skills through teambuilding, networking and communication. A Statement of work is then created as several companies are contacted about providing the training. After the company best suited to meet the target group s needs is selected, the course is announced with an outline of all pertinent information. A reservation for a facility is made and applications or nominations, depending on the announcement s guidelines, are received from interested employees. Confirmations are sent to participants and final preparations are made but there are still several concluding steps. A training office staff member also assists the facilitator with setting up the facility and introducing the class. After the class, participants evaluations are

  17. A General Model for Cost Estimation in an Exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benzion Barlev

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Current Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP state that the cost of an asset acquired for cash is the fair value (FV of the amount surrendered, and that of an asset acquired in a non-monetary exchange is the FV of the asset surrendered or, if it is more “clearly evident,” the FV of the acquired asset. The measurement method prescribed for a non-monetary exchange ignores valuable information about the “less clearly evident” asset. Thus, we suggest that the FV in any exchange be measured by the weighted average of the exchanged assets’ FV estimations, where the weights are the inverse of the variances’ estimations. This alternative valuation process accounts for the uncertainty involved in estimating the FV of each of the asset in the exchange. The proposed method suits all types of exchanges: monetary and non-monetary. In a monetary transaction, the weighted average equals the cash paid because the variance of its FV is nil.

  18. Thin film processes II

    CERN Document Server

    Kern, Werner

    1991-01-01

    This sequel to the 1978 classic, Thin Film Processes, gives a clear, practical exposition of important thin film deposition and etching processes that have not yet been adequately reviewed. It discusses selected processes in tutorial overviews with implementation guide lines and an introduction to the literature. Though edited to stand alone, when taken together, Thin Film Processes II and its predecessor present a thorough grounding in modern thin film techniques.Key Features* Provides an all-new sequel to the 1978 classic, Thin Film Processes* Introduces new topics, and sever

  19. Silicon production process evaluations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    Chemical engineering analyses involving the preliminary process design of a plant (1,000 metric tons/year capacity) to produce silicon via the technology under consideration were accomplished. Major activities in the chemical engineering analyses included base case conditions, reaction chemistry, process flowsheet, material balance, energy balance, property data, equipment design, major equipment list, production labor and forward for economic analysis. The process design package provided detailed data for raw materials, utilities, major process equipment and production labor requirements necessary for polysilicon production in each process.

  20. Data processing made simple

    CERN Document Server

    Wooldridge, Susan

    2013-01-01

    Data Processing: Made Simple, Second Edition presents discussions of a number of trends and developments in the world of commercial data processing. The book covers the rapid growth of micro- and mini-computers for both home and office use; word processing and the 'automated office'; the advent of distributed data processing; and the continued growth of database-oriented systems. The text also discusses modern digital computers; fundamental computer concepts; information and data processing requirements of commercial organizations; and the historical perspective of the computer industry. The

  1. Biomass process handbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1983-01-01

    Descriptions are given of 42 processes which use biomass to produce chemical products. Marketing and economic background, process description, flow sheets, costs, major equipment, and availability of technology are given for each of the 42 processes. Some of the chemicals discussed are: ethanol, ethylene, acetaldehyde, butanol, butadiene, acetone, citric acid, gluconates, itaconic acid, lactic acid, xanthan gum, sorbitol, starch polymers, fatty acids, fatty alcohols, glycerol, soap, azelaic acid, perlargonic acid, nylon-11, jojoba oil, furfural, furfural alcohol, tetrahydrofuran, cellulose polymers, products from pulping wastes, and methane. Processes include acid hydrolysis, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation, distillation, Purox process, and anaerobic digestion.

  2. Colloid process engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Peukert, Wolfgang; Rehage, Heinz; Schuchmann, Heike

    2015-01-01

    This book deals with colloidal systems in technical processes and the influence of colloidal systems by technical processes. It explores how new measurement capabilities can offer the potential for a dynamic development of scientific and engineering, and examines the origin of colloidal systems and its use for new products. The future challenges to colloidal process engineering are the development of appropriate equipment and processes for the production and obtainment of multi-phase structures and energetic interactions in market-relevant quantities. The book explores the relevant processes and for controlled production and how they can be used across all scales.

  3. Process-based costing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Robert H; Bott, Marjorie J; Forbes, Sarah; Redford, Linda; Swagerty, Daniel L; Taunton, Roma Lee

    2003-01-01

    Understanding how quality improvement affects costs is important. Unfortunately, low-cost, reliable ways of measuring direct costs are scarce. This article builds on the principles of process improvement to develop a costing strategy that meets both criteria. Process-based costing has 4 steps: developing a flowchart, estimating resource use, valuing resources, and calculating direct costs. To illustrate the technique, this article uses it to cost the care planning process in 3 long-term care facilities. We conclude that process-based costing is easy to implement; generates reliable, valid data; and allows nursing managers to assess the costs of new or modified processes.

  4. Dynamical laser spike processing

    CERN Document Server

    Shastri, Bhavin J; Tait, Alexander N; Rodriguez, Alejandro W; Wu, Ben; Prucnal, Paul R

    2015-01-01

    Novel materials and devices in photonics have the potential to revolutionize optical information processing, beyond conventional binary-logic approaches. Laser systems offer a rich repertoire of useful dynamical behaviors, including the excitable dynamics also found in the time-resolved "spiking" of neurons. Spiking reconciles the expressiveness and efficiency of analog processing with the robustness and scalability of digital processing. We demonstrate that graphene-coupled laser systems offer a unified low-level spike optical processing paradigm that goes well beyond previously studied laser dynamics. We show that this platform can simultaneously exhibit logic-level restoration, cascadability and input-output isolation---fundamental challenges in optical information processing. We also implement low-level spike-processing tasks that are critical for higher level processing: temporal pattern detection and stable recurrent memory. We study these properties in the context of a fiber laser system, but the addit...

  5. A secondary fuel removal process: plasma processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Min, J. Y.; Kim, Y. S. [Hanyang Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Bae, K. K.; Yang, M. S. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-07-01

    Plasma etching process of UO{sub 2} by using fluorine containing gas plasma is studied as a secondary fuel removal process for DUPIC (Direct Use of PWR spent fuel Into Candu) process which is taken into consideration for potential future fuel cycle in Korea. CF{sub 4}/O{sub 2} gas mixture is chosen for reactant gas and the etching rates of UO{sub 2} by the gas plasma are investigated as functions of CF{sub 4}/O{sub 2} ratio, plasma power, substrate temperature, and plasma gas pressure. It is found that the optimum CF{sub 4}/O{sub 2} ratio is around 4:1 at all temperatures up to 400 deg C and the etching rate increases with increasing r.f. power and substrate temperature. Under 150W r.f. power the etching rate reaches 1100 monolayers/min at 400 deg C, which is equivalent to about 0.5mm/min. (author).

  6. Pultrusion process characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughan, James G.; Hackett, Robert M.

    1991-01-01

    Pultrusion is a process through which high-modulus, lightweight composite structural members such as beams, truss components, stiffeners, etc., are manufactured. The pultrusion process, though a well-developed processing art, lacks a fundamental scientific understanding. The objective here was to determine, both experimentally and analytically, the process parameters most important in characterizing and optimizing the pultrusion of uniaxial fibers. The effects of process parameter interactions were experimentally examined as a function of the pultruded product properties. A numerical description based on these experimental results was developed. An analytical model of the pultrusion process was also developed. The objective of the modeling effort was the formulation of a two-dimensional heat transfer model and development of solutions for the governing differential equations using the finite element method.

  7. Badge Office Process Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haurykiewicz, John Paul [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Dinehart, Timothy Grant [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Parker, Robert Young [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-05-12

    The purpose of this process analysis was to analyze the Badge Offices’ current processes from a systems perspective and consider ways of pursuing objectives set forth by SEC-PS, namely increased customer flow (throughput) and reduced customer wait times. Information for the analysis was gathered for the project primarily through Badge Office Subject Matter Experts (SMEs), and in-person observation of prevailing processes. Using the information gathered, a process simulation model was constructed to represent current operations and allow assessment of potential process changes relative to factors mentioned previously. The overall purpose of the analysis was to provide SEC-PS management with information and recommendations to serve as a basis for additional focused study and areas for potential process improvements in the future.

  8. Technology or Process First?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siurdyban, Artur Henryk; Svejvig, Per; Møller, Charles

    Enterprise Systems Management (ESM) and Business Pro- cess Management (BPM), although highly correlated, have evolved as alternative and mutually exclusive approaches to corporate infrastruc- ture. As a result, companies struggle to nd the right balance between technology and process factors...... in infrastructure implementation projects. The purpose of this paper is articulate a need and a direction to medi- ate between the process-driven and the technology-driven approaches. Using a cross-case analysis, we gain insight into two examples of sys- tems and process implementation. We highlight the dierences...... between them using strategic alignment, Enterprise Systems and Business Process Management theories. We argue that the insights from these cases can lead to a better alignment between process and technology. Implications for practice include the direction towards a closer integration of process...

  9. Decomposability for stable processes

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Yizao; Roy, Parthanil

    2011-01-01

    We characterize all possible independent symmetric $\\alpha$-stable (S$\\alpha$S) components of a non--Gaussian S$\\alpha$S process, $0<\\alpha<2$. In particular, we characterize the independent stationary S$\\alpha$S components of a stationary S$\\alpha$S process. One simple consequence of our characterization is that all stationary components of the S$\\alpha$S moving average processes are trivial. As a main application, we show that the standard Brown--Resnick process has a moving average representation. This complements a result of Kabluchko et al. (2009), who obtained mixed moving average representations for these processes. We also develop a parallel characterization theory for max-stable processes.

  10. Clinical Process Intelligence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vilstrup Pedersen, Klaus

    2006-01-01

    .e. local guidelines. From a knowledge management point of view, this externalization of generalized processes, gives the opportunity to learn from, evaluate and optimize the processes. "Clinical Process Intelligence" (CPI), will denote the goal of getting generalized insight into patient centered health......, generalized processes de-ducted from many patient cases and clinical guidelines, are all guidelines that may be used in clinical reasoning. The differ-ence is the validity of the suggested actions and decisions. In the case of generalized processes deducted from EMRs, we have "what we usually do" practice i...... care processes by means of statistical, OLAP and data mining tech-niques, with the aim of refining clinical guidelines, develop local guidelines and facilitate outcome predictions....

  11. Linearity in Process Languages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nygaard, Mikkel; Winskel, Glynn

    2002-01-01

    The meaning and mathematical consequences of linearity (managing without a presumed ability to copy) are studied for a path-based model of processes which is also a model of affine-linear logic. This connection yields an affine-linear language for processes, automatically respecting open-map bisi......The meaning and mathematical consequences of linearity (managing without a presumed ability to copy) are studied for a path-based model of processes which is also a model of affine-linear logic. This connection yields an affine-linear language for processes, automatically respecting open......-map bisimulation, in which a range of process operations can be expressed. An operational semantics is provided for the tensor fragment of the language. Different ways to make assemblies of processes lead to different choices of exponential, some of which respect bisimulation....

  12. Business Process Modeling: Blueprinting

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Fedaghi, Sabah

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a flow-based methodology for capturing processes specified in business process modeling. The proposed methodology is demonstrated through re-modeling of an IBM Blueworks case study. While the Blueworks approach offers a well-proven tool in the field, this should not discourage workers from exploring other ways of thinking about effectively capturing processes. The diagrammatic representation presented here demonstrates a viable methodology in this context. It is hoped this...

  13. Basic digital signal processing

    CERN Document Server

    Lockhart, Gordon B

    1985-01-01

    Basic Digital Signal Processing describes the principles of digital signal processing and experiments with BASIC programs involving the fast Fourier theorem (FFT). The book reviews the fundamentals of the BASIC program, continuous and discrete time signals including analog signals, Fourier analysis, discrete Fourier transform, signal energy, power. The text also explains digital signal processing involving digital filters, linear time-variant systems, discrete time unit impulse, discrete-time convolution, and the alternative structure for second order infinite impulse response (IIR) sections.

  14. Transnational Learning Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nedergaard, Peter

    This paper analyses and compares the transnational learning processes in the employment field in the European Union and among the Nordic countries. Based theoretically on a social constructivist model of learning and methodologically on a questionnaire distributed to the relevant participants......, a number of hypotheses concerning transnational learning processes are tested. The paper closes with a number of suggestions regarding an optimal institutional setting for facilitating transnational learning processes.Key words: Transnational learning, Open Method of Coordination, Learning, Employment...

  15. Polygon mesh processing

    CERN Document Server

    Botsch, Mario; Pauly, Mark; Alliez, Pierre; Levy, Bruno

    2010-01-01

    Geometry processing, or mesh processing, is a fast-growing area of research that uses concepts from applied mathematics, computer science, and engineering to design efficient algorithms for the acquisition, reconstruction, analysis, manipulation, simulation, and transmission of complex 3D models. Applications of geometry processing algorithms already cover a wide range of areas from multimedia, entertainment, and classical computer-aided design, to biomedical computing, reverse engineering, and scientific computing. Over the last several years, triangle meshes have become increasingly popular,

  16. Scientific information processing procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García, Maylin

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper systematizes several theoretical view-points on scientific information processing skill. It decomposes the processing skills into sub-skills. Several methods such analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, document analysis were used to build up a theoretical framework. Interviews and survey to professional being trained and a case study was carried out to evaluate the results. All professional in the sample improved their performance in scientific information processing.

  17. NASA Hazard Analysis Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deckert, George

    2010-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews The NASA Hazard Analysis process. The contents include: 1) Significant Incidents and Close Calls in Human Spaceflight; 2) Subsystem Safety Engineering Through the Project Life Cycle; 3) The Risk Informed Design Process; 4) Types of NASA Hazard Analysis; 5) Preliminary Hazard Analysis (PHA); 6) Hazard Analysis Process; 7) Identify Hazardous Conditions; 8) Consider All Interfaces; 9) Work a Preliminary Hazard List; 10) NASA Generic Hazards List; and 11) Final Thoughts

  18. Process Improvement Essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Persse, James R

    2006-01-01

    Process Improvement Essentials combines the foundation needed to understand process improvement theory with the best practices to help individuals implement process improvement initiatives in their organization. The three leading programs: ISO 9001:2000, CMMI, and Six Sigma--amidst the buzz and hype--tend to get lumped together under a common label. This book delivers a combined guide to all three programs, compares their applicability, and then sets the foundation for further exploration.

  19. Natural Language Processing

    OpenAIRE

    Preeti; BrahmaleenKaurSidhu

    2013-01-01

    Natural language processing (NLP) work began more than sixty years ago; it is a field of computer science and linguistics devoted to creating computer systems that use human (natural) language. Natural Language Processing holds great promise for making computer interfaces that are easier to use for people, since people will be able to talk to the computer in their own language, rather than learn a specialized language of computer commands. Natural Language processing techniques can make possi...

  20. Multiphoton processes: conference proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lambropoulos, P.; Smith, S.J. (eds.)

    1984-01-01

    The chapters of this volume represent the invited papers delivered at the conference. They are arranged according to thermatic proximity beginning with atoms and continuing with molecules and surfaces. Section headings include multiphoton processes in atoms, field fluctuations and collisions in multiphoton process, and multiphoton processes in molecules and surfaces. Abstracts of individual items from the conference were prepared separately for the data base. (GHT)