WorldWideScience

Sample records for supervisor rob loughman

  1. Supervisor Feedback.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayman, Marilyn J.

    1981-01-01

    Investigated the effectiveness of supervisor feedback in contributing to learning counseling skills. Counselor trainees (N=64) were assigned to supervisor feedback, no supervisor feedback, or control groups for three training sessions. Results indicated counseling skills were learned best by students with no supervisor feedback but self and peer…

  2. Supervisor training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Inge Nygaard

    2015-01-01

    This article fills a gap in knowledge about supervisor training programmes in the field of music therapy in Europe. Sparse research exists which demonstrates evidence of effective professional supervision upon the outcome of music therapy clinical practice. The article has its focus on the experi......This article fills a gap in knowledge about supervisor training programmes in the field of music therapy in Europe. Sparse research exists which demonstrates evidence of effective professional supervision upon the outcome of music therapy clinical practice. The article has its focus...... on the experience of an integrated supervisor training programme offered in Aalborg, Denmark in 2009/2010. In this programme general issues of professional supervision and the application of artistic media as a core element in the supervisory process were Integrated. It is the hope of the author that this article...... will inspire other music therapists to develop supervisor training programmes for professional music therapists and also to undertake further research into professional supervision....

  3. Rob Wolf 1947-2010

    CERN Multimedia

    TE Department

    2010-01-01

    We deeply regret to announce the death of Mr Rob WOLF on 20.06.2010. Mr Rob Wolf, born on 07.06.1947, worked in the TE Department and had been employed at CERN since 15.09.1973. The Director-General has sent his family a message of condolence on behalf of the CERN staff. Social Affairs Human Resources Department Rob Wolf passed away on Sunday 20 June after a long illness. Born in June 1947 in The Netherlands, he joined CERN as a fellow in September 1972 after obtaining his doctoral qualification from the University of Leiden (NL) on the degradation of superconducting materials in ionizing radiation. He was a member of the CERN personnel since 1st March 1975. Rob immediately assumed full responsibility for the measurement and qualification of the superconducting materials for the low-beta magnet project of the ISR, and was then tasked with the manufacture of the corrector windings of these magnets. Throughout his working life he remained a reference in these areas. Later, Rob took on the responsibi...

  4. Production assistants: The rob@work family

    OpenAIRE

    Drust, Manuel; Dietz, Thomas; POTT, ANDREAS; Verl, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    Mobile robots offer a high potential for future manufaturing and assembly. To this day the co-operation and co-action is in these fields hardly applicable, because of safety regulations, insufficient technology and its missing integration. In order to fill the gap this paper presents the hard- and software design of the mobile assistant rob@work 2. This system is the second iteration of the rob@work system. As an exemplary work the conditions of a prototypic industrial application are analyze...

  5. When attempts at robbing prey turn fatal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dejean, Alain; Corbara, Bruno; Azémar, Frédéric; Carpenter, James M

    2012-07-01

    Because group-hunting arboreal ants spread-eagle insect prey for a long time before retrieving them, these prey can be coveted by predatory flying insects. Yet, attempting to rob these prey is risky if the ant species is also an effective predator. Here, we show that trying to rob prey from Azteca andreae workers is a fatal error as 268 out of 276 potential cleptobionts (97.1 %) were captured in turn. The ant workers hunt in a group and use the "Velcro®" principle to cling firmly to the leaves of their host tree, permitting them to capture very large prey. Exceptions were one social wasp, plus some Trigona spp. workers and flies that landed directly on the prey and were able to take off immediately when attacked. We conclude that in this situation, previously captured prey attract potential cleptobionts that are captured in turn in most of the cases.

  6. The Relationship between Scott and Narrator in Rob Roy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YI XIN-Hua

    2015-01-01

    Based on the postcolonial theory, this thesis focuses on a close examination of the relationship between Francis the narrator of Rob Roy and Scott the author.This thesis hopes to provide readers and researchers with a new perspective to Rob Roy and reevaluate Scott’s attitude towards England and Scotland.

  7. Optimisation of ROB mapping for SCT and Pixel detectors

    CERN Document Server

    Wheeler, S

    1999-01-01

    A simple object-oriented program has been written to simulate the SCT and Pixel detectors in order to determine the suitability of various ROB mapping schemes in the context of the Level 2 trigger. Layer and tower mappings have been investigated separately for the SCT barrel and endcap and for the Pixel barrel and endcap. Events containing one RoI were fired at each detector part and the number of ROBs hit determined. As a result, plots of ROB output data rates and ROB hit frequency as a function of ROB ID were obtained. In general it was found that layer mapping schemes might result in unacceptably high data rates and frequencies. This result would have to be confirmed with more detailed modelling. The tower mappings investigated, in general produced acceptable rates.

  8. Supervisors interventioner ved parallelprocesser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard

    2006-01-01

    Artiklen reflekterer over supervisors anvendelse af, holdning til og intervention ved parallelprocesser. Parallelprocesser betegner en række mere eller mindre forskellige fænomener, der alle har til fælles, at en relation eller et tema i det psykoterapeutiske forhold gentages i det supervisoriske...

  9. A Local Supervisor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutchler, James

    1974-01-01

    Direct supervision of teachers for agricultural programs in Ohio is moving from the State to the local level. The primary function of the local supervisor is to improve the instruction in programs for high school and adult students in the Vocational Education Planning District. Other duties vary according to local policies. (AG)

  10. Supervisand og supervisor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard

    2007-01-01

    Kapitlet redegør for aspekter ved det komplekse forhold mellem supervisand og supervisor, og der anlægges en række forskellige perspektiver. Først beskrives forholdet fra supervisandens perspektiv. At indtræde i rollen som supervisand er, foruden at være lærerigt og fagligt udviklende, ofte også ...

  11. Supervisand og supervisor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard

    2007-01-01

    Kapitlet redegør for aspekter ved det komplekse forhold mellem supervisand og supervisor, og der anlægges en række forskellige perspektiver. Først beskrives forholdet fra supervisandens perspektiv. At indtræde i rollen som supervisand er, foruden at være lærerigt og fagligt udviklende, ofte også ...

  12. Training facilitators and supervisors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Louise Binow; O Connor, Maja; Krogh, Kristian;

    At the Master’s program in Medicine at Aarhus University, Denmark, we have developed a faculty development program for facilitators and supervisors in 4 progressing student modules in communication, cooperation, and leadership. 1) A course for module 1 and 3 facilitators inspired by the apprentic...

  13. MarA-mediated transcriptional repression of the rob promoter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneiders, Thamarai; Levy, Stuart B

    2006-04-14

    The Escherichia coli transcriptional regulator MarA affects functions that include antibiotic resistance, persistence, and survival. MarA functions as an activator or repressor of transcription utilizing similar degenerate DNA sequences (marboxes) with three different binding site configurations with respect to the RNA polymerase-binding sites. We demonstrate that MarA down-regulates rob transcripts both in vivo and in vitro via a MarA-binding site within the rob promoter that is positioned between the -10 and -35 hexamers. As for the hdeA and purA promoters, which are repressed by MarA, the rob marbox is also in the "backward" orientation. Protein-DNA interactions show that SoxS and Rob, like MarA, bind the same marbox in the rob promoter. Electrophoretic mobility shift analyses with a MarA-specific antibody demonstrate that MarA and RNA polymerase form a ternary complex with the rob promoter DNA. Transcription experiments in vitro and potassium permanganate footprinting analysis show that MarA affects the RNA polymerase-mediated closed to open complex formation at the rob promoter.

  14. Novice supervisors' tasks and training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jan; Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard; Mathiesen, Birgit Bork

    2012-01-01

    were confronted with complicated jobs, e.g., group, internal and interdisciplinary supervision, but were not prepared, i.e. trained, prior to these tasks. These findings imply that more training is needed for novice supervisors. Preferably, this training should be introduced before, or at least...... parallel to, the first supervisor tasks, preparing the novice supervisors for the often complicated tasks they are meeting....

  15. Controle robusto de um manipulador robótico.

    OpenAIRE

    Emerson de Góes

    1999-01-01

    Este trabalho versa sobre o projeto de um controlador linear robusto multiváriavel para um manipulador robótico com a finalidade de proporcionar precisão e rapidez no posicionamento da extremidade do manipulador. O manipulador robótico de três graus de liberdade com acionamento direto nas juntas (direct drive), objeto de estudo deste trabalho, tem seu modelo dinâmico baseado nas características mecânicas do robô ITA-IEMP; para este sistema ficam evidentes no desempenho efeitos de incertezas d...

  16. Aprendizaje con robótica, algunas experiencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Antonio López Ramírez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta el análisis de experiencias, revisadas en diversos artículos, acerca de la implementación de la robótica en la educación, con el fin de obtener referentes pertinentes para la construcción de una propuesta para el aprendizaje de la robótica en la educación básica secundaria y media. Se consideran dos ámbitos de aplicación de la robótica en la educación: el primero es el aprendizaje de la robótica mediante la conceptualización de cada uno de los subsistemas de un robot para luego realizar la construcción de robots con diferentes propósitos, en este ámbito el objetivo es desarrollar las competencias, en los estudiantes, para el diseño y construcción de tecnofactos robóticos, mediante un proceso de construcción del conocimiento necesario para hacerlo; el segundo ámbito de aplicación es la utilización de la robótica como medio que motiva y da sentido a la construcción de conocimiento en diversas áreas, promoviendo habilidades y competencias en los estudiantes. Además, el aprendizaje de la robótica y el aprendizaje con robótica pueden ser mediados por la informática, la cual aporta tecnologías y herramientas software como los lenguajes de modelado matemático y simulación, tutoriales multimediales, laboratorios virtuales y remotos, entre otros. Así, este artículo se propone destacar cómo la robótica en el aula de clase permite, por una parte, el enriquecer estrategias de aprendizaje como apoyo a la formación integral de los estudiantes, y por otra, es un campo que presenta una demanda creciente en la atención de docentes e investigadores, así como en los estímulos para su investigación, desarrollo y divulgación de parte del estado.

  17. Assessment of Clinical Supervisor Competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getz, Hildy

    1999-01-01

    Presents a focus and process to assist those training clinical supervisors to assess competencies of the supervisor. States that process creates a practical framework that can be adapted for supervision competencies in other fields. Concludes that assessment methodology gives meaning to the support and structure vital at all levels of training…

  18. Plataforma para robótica cooperativa soportada por teléfonos inteligentes android

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Un teléfono inteligente ofrece muchas funcionalidades útiles dentro de un proyecto de robótica, especialmente robótica móvil. En este contexto, en este trabajo se presenta el diseño y desarrollo de un conjunto de herramientas para desarrollar proyectos de robótica, específicamente robótica cooperativa, que utilicen dispositivos con sistema operativo Android. La primera herramienta es una biblioteca desarrollada para Android que encapsula tareas comunes en robótica cooperativa como requerimien...

  19. Supervisor Attraction as a Function of Level of Supervisor Skillfulness and Supervisees' Perceived Similarity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hester, Larry Ronald; And Others

    1976-01-01

    This laboratory analogue investigated the effects of supervisor skillfulness and supervisor-supervisee attitude similarity on the attraction of the supervisee to the supervisor. Results showed a main effect of supervisor skillfulness on attraction but did not show attraction to vary as a function of supervisor-supervisee attitude similarity.…

  20. Supervisor Attraction as a Function of Level of Supervisor Skillfulness and Supervisees' Perceived Similarity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hester, Larry Ronald; And Others

    1976-01-01

    This laboratory analogue investigated the effects of supervisor skillfulness and supervisor-supervisee attitude similarity on the attraction of the supervisee to the supervisor. Results showed a main effect of supervisor skillfulness on attraction but did not show attraction to vary as a function of supervisor-supervisee attitude similarity.…

  1. From Speech to Emotional Interaction: EmotiRob Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Tallec, Marc; Saint-Aimé, Sébastien; Jost, Céline; Villaneau, Jeanne; Antoine, Jean-Yves; Letellier-Zarshenas, Sabine; Le-Pévédic, Brigitte; Duhaut, Dominique

    This article presents research work done in the domain of nonverbal emotional interaction for the EmotiRob project. It is a component of the MAPH project, the objective of which is to give comfort to vulnerable children and/or those undergoing long-term hospitalisation through the help of an emotional robot companion. It is important to note that we are not trying to reproduce human emotion and behavior, but trying to make a robot emotionally expressive. This paper will present the different hypotheses we have used from understanding to emotional reaction. We begin the article with a presentation of the MAPH and EmotiRob project. Then, we quickly describe the speech undestanding system, the iGrace computational model of emotions and integration of dynamics behavior. We conclude with a description of the architecture of Emi, as well as improvements to be made to its next generation.

  2. Floral nectar guide patterns discourage nectar robbing by bumble bees.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne S Leonard

    Full Text Available Floral displays are under selection to both attract pollinators and deter antagonists. Here we show that a common floral trait, a nectar guide pattern, alters the behavior of bees that can act opportunistically as both pollinators and as antagonists. Generally, bees access nectar via the floral limb, transporting pollen through contact with the plant's reproductive structures; however bees sometimes extract nectar from a hole in the side of the flower that they or other floral visitors create. This behavior is called "nectar robbing" because bees may acquire the nectar without transporting pollen. We asked whether the presence of a symmetric floral nectar guide pattern on artificial flowers affected bumble bees' (Bombus impatiens propensity to rob or access nectar "legitimately." We discovered that nectar guides made legitimate visits more efficient for bees than robbing, and increased the relative frequency of legitimate visits, compared to flowers lacking nectar guides. This study is the first to show that beyond speeding nectar discovery, a nectar guide pattern can influence bees' flower handling in a way that could benefit the plant.

  3. Supervisor support: does supervisor support buffer or exacerbate the adverse effects of supervisor undermining?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahum-Shani, Inbal; Henderson, Melanie M; Lim, Sandy; Vinokur, Amiram D

    2014-05-01

    Empirical investigations concerning the interplay between supervisor support and supervisor undermining behaviors and their effects on employees yielded contradictory findings, with some studies suggesting that support buffers the adverse effects of undermining, and others suggesting that support exacerbates these adverse effects. Seeking to explain such contradictory findings, we integrate uncertainty-management perspectives with coping theory to posit that relational uncertainty is inherent in the mixture of supervisor support and undermining. Hence, whether supervisor support buffers or exacerbates the adverse effects of supervisor undermining on employee health and well-being depends on factors pertaining to employee ability to resolve and manage such relational uncertainty. Specifically, we hypothesize a buffering effect for employees with high self-esteem and high quality of work life, and an exacerbating effect for employees with low self-esteem and low quality of work life. Analyses of 2-wave data collected from a probability stratified sample of U.S. Air Force personnel supported our predictions. Two supplementary studies of the U.S. military replicated our core findings and demonstrated its practical significance. (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.

  4. RobôCarochinha : um estudo sobre robótica educativa no ensino básico

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Célia Rosa; COUTINHO,CLARA PEREIRA; Costa, Manuel F. M.

    2008-01-01

    A Robótica, ainda que emergente, tem vindo a afirmar-se como uma ferramenta pedagógica extremamente útil em especial ao nível da educação científica e tecnológica. Neste contexto, o 1º ciclo do Ensino Básico tem constituído o parente pobre, sendo relativamente escassos os estudos da aplicabilidade desta ferramenta neste nível de ensino. Este trabalho visa contribuir para colmatar esta lacuna, na medida em que se estuda o desenvolvimento de um projecto de Robótica que envolve a construção e a ...

  5. Training to Develop Savvy Supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramser, Charles D.; Forester, Douglas E.

    1989-01-01

    Many companies face problems when they change their hiring practices in order to meet their evolving needs. A three-phase supervisory training program can help reduce those problems and make supervisors more flexible and more effective. The phases are process theory and application, documentation and decision making, and supervisory…

  6. How to Cope with an Incompetent Supervisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Herbert S.

    1987-01-01

    Discusses the problem of incompetent library supervisors in terms of the process that results in the selection of such supervisors, inappropriate supervisory behaviors, and the effects on employees. Several strategies for coping with an incompetent supervisor are suggested. (4 references) (CLB)

  7. Recent ROB developments on wide bandgap based UV sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordanengo, B.; Ben Moussa, A.; Hochedez, J.-F.; Soltani, A.; de Moor, P.; Minoglou, K.; Malinowski, P.; Duboz, J.-Y.; Chong, Y. M.; Zou, Y. S.; Zhang, W. J.; Lee, S. T.; Dahal, R.; Li, J.; Lin, J. Y.; Jiang, H. X.

    The next ESA spatial mission planned to study the Sun, Solar Orbiter (SO), necessitates very innovative EUV detectors. The commonly used silicon detectors suffer important limitations mainly in terms of UV robustness and dark current level. An alternative comes from diamond or III-nitride materials. In these materials, the radiation hardness, solar blindness and dark current are improved due to their wide bandgap. This paper presents the new developments on wide bandgap materials at the Royal Observatory of Belgium (ROB). We present also the LYRA instrument, the BOLD project, and the EUI instrument suite.

  8. Effects of nectar-robbing on plant reproduction and evolution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yanwen; WANG Yong; GUO Youbao

    2007-01-01

    The relationship between plant and pollinator is considered as the mutualism because plant benefits from the pollinator's transport of male gametes and pollinator benefits from plant's reward.Nectar robbers are frequently described as cheaters in the plant-pollinator mutualism,because it is assumed that they obtain a reward (nectar) without providing a service (pollination).Nectar robbers are birds,insects,or other flower visitors that remove nectar from flowers through a hole pierced or bitten in the corolla.Nectar robbing represents a complex relationship between animals and plants.Whether plants benefit from the relationship is always a controversial issue in earlier studies.This paper is a review of the recent literatures on nectar robbing and attempts to acquire an expanded understanding of the ecological and evolutionary roles that robbers play.Understanding the effects of nectar robbers on the plants that they visited and other flower visitors is especially important when one considers the high rates of robbing that a plant population may experience and the high percentage of all flower visitors that nectar robbers make to some species.There are two standpoints in explaining why animals forage on flowers and steal nectar in an illegitimate behavior.One is that animals can only get food in illegitimate way because of the mismatch of the morphologies of animals'mouthparts and floral structure.The other point of view argues that nectar robbing is a relatively more efficient,thus more energy-saving way for animals to get nectar from flowers.This is probably associated with the difficulty of changing attitudes that have been held for a long time.In the case of positive effect,the bodies of nectar robbers frequently touch the sex organs of plants during their visiting to the flowers and causing pollination.The neutral effect,nectar robbers' behavior may destruct the corollas of flowers,but they neither touch the sex organs nor destroy the ovules.Their behavior

  9. The UK ROB-in,A prototype ATLAS readout buffer input module

    CERN Document Server

    Boorman, G; Cranfield, R; Crone, G J; Green, B; Strong, J

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes the specification, design, operation, performanceand status of the UK ROB-in. The UK ROB-in is a prototype ATLAS ReadOut Buffer (ROB) input module intended both as a prototype componentfor the final system and for use in prototyping other parts of theATLAS trigger/DAQ system. Its function is to buffer event fragments atthe rate expected on a single detector Read Out Link and output orrelease selected fragments on request. The module is available in PCIor PMC formats and is designed around a MACH5 CPLD and an Intel i960microprocessor, together with appropriate SRAM and FIFO chips. Ittakes input via an S-LINK daughter-board connector at a continuousrate of up to 132 MB/s. Its functionality is based on the requirementsdescribed in the ROB-in User Requirements Document, itself based onrequirements defined for a complete ATLAS ROB.

  10. Respirators: Supervisors Self-Study #43442

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chochoms, Michael [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-04-20

    This course, Respirators: Supervisors Self-Study (#43442), addresses training requirements for supervisors of respirator wearers as specified by the American National Standard Institute (ANSI) Standard for Respiratory Protection, ANSI Z88.2, and as incorporated by reference in the Department of Energy (DOE) Worker Health and Safety Rule, 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 851. This course also presents the responsibilities of supervisors of respirator wearers at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL).

  11. The NA48 trigger supervisor

    CERN Document Server

    Arcidiacono, R; Berotto, F; Bertolino, F; Govi, G; Menichetti, E; Sozzi, M

    2000-01-01

    The NA48 experiment aims to measure direct CP violation in the K/sub L//sup 0/ decays system with an accuracy of 2*10/sup -4/. High performances are required to the trigger and acquisition systems. This paper describes the NA48 Trigger Supervisor, a 40 MHz pipelined hardware system which correlates and processes trigger informations from local trigger sources, searching for interesting patterns. The trigger packet include a timestamp information used by the readout systems to retrieve detector data. The design architecture and functionality during 98 data taking are described. (5 refs).

  12. The Effect of Supervisor's Locus of Control and Employee Behavior on Supervisor Attributions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillman, Maxine

    Two theoretical areas that lend themselves to study as they relate to supervisor-worker relations are locus of control and attribution theory. This study examined two general problems: (1) how a supervisor behaves toward an employee in relation to how that employee performs in the work place; and (2) how a supervisor's locus of control influences…

  13. 247. Complicaciones durante la experiencia inicial en cirugía robótica

    OpenAIRE

    J.F. Valderrama Marcos; S. González González; L. Rubio Lobato; J. Cano Nieto; J. Gutiérrez de Loma; B. Pérez Villardón; J.M.a. Melero Tejedor

    2010-01-01

    La cirugía robótica es un instrumento incorporado a nuestra práctica quirúrgica. Sin embargo, el número de intervenciones no ha sido la esperada en un principio. Analizamos las causas de ello. Objetivo: Exponer las dificultades para la completa implantación de un programa de cirugía robótica en nuestro medio y las complicaciones observadas. Material y método: Durante los primeros 20 meses, 25 pacientes han sido propuestos como candidatos para cirugía con asistencia robótica. La edad med...

  14. The Forgotten Educator: Experiential Learning's Internship Supervisor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosland, Jeffrey K.; Lowenthal, Diane J.

    2017-01-01

    Past studies have addressed the role of the university, student interns and, the faculty advisor; here, we attempt to fill in a missing piece of the experiential-learning process by examining the role and importance of the often overlooked internship supervisor. A survey was developed and distributed to 343 recent internship supervisors. Their…

  15. Supervisor Development through Creative Approaches to Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manathunga, Catherine; Peseta, Tai; McCormack, Coralie

    2010-01-01

    The development of research higher degree supervisors is a relatively recent phenomenon. In most cases, supervisor development continues within the traditional workshop mode and remains firmly located within what Bob Smith calls the "administrative framing" of supervision. This framing ensures that a liberal and policy-orientated discourse retains…

  16. The Forgotten Educator: Experiential Learning's Internship Supervisor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosland, Jeffrey K.; Lowenthal, Diane J.

    2017-01-01

    Past studies have addressed the role of the university, student interns and, the faculty advisor; here, we attempt to fill in a missing piece of the experiential-learning process by examining the role and importance of the often overlooked internship supervisor. A survey was developed and distributed to 343 recent internship supervisors. Their…

  17. La robótica en educación infantil: realidades y limitaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Galán Cruz, Paula

    2016-01-01

    ¿Qué es la robótica?, ¿qué es un robot?, ¿está la robótica lista para introducirse en un aula? Estas y otras preguntas son las que se intentará dar respuesta a lo largo de este trabajo. Con ello se pretende realizar un análisis de la robótica aplicada al ámbito de la Educación Infantil, comenzando con algunas de las preguntas presentadas anteriormente. Nos introduciremos en el mundo de la robótica, conociendo su historia y algunos de los proyectos aplicados al ámbito infantil, tanto para...

  18. Ombuds' Corner: Supervisor and supervisee

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2010-01-01

    Starting with this issue, the Bulletin introduces a new series of articles aiming to better explain the role of the Ombuds at CERN. We will publish practical examples of situations of potential misunderstanding that could have been resolved by the Ombuds if he had been contacted earlier. Please note that, in all the situations we present, the names are imaginary and used only to improve clarity.   John* and his supervisor Pat* have been working together for about four years, during which time they have had several disagreements and a few real explosions. They usually avoid each other for some time after each incident until things calm down again. During a meeting between them concerning objectives, the latent tension between them resulted in a fight during which John told Pat that she was mobbing him. Pat ended the meeting by throwing John out of her office. She said that she was no longer prepared to talk to him alone. John asked the Ombuds to facilitate the situation. When cont...

  19. Nectar robbing, forager efficiency and seed set: Bumblebees foraging on the self incompatible plant Linaria vulgaris (Scrophulariaceae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stout, Jane C.; Allen, John A.; Goulson, Dave

    2000-07-01

    In southern England, Linaria vulgaris (common yellow toadflax) suffers from high rates of nectar robbery by bumblebees. In a wild population of L. vulgaris we found that 96 % of open flowers were robbed. Five species of bumblebee were observed foraging on these flowers, although short-tongued species ( Bombus lapidarius, B. lucorum and B. terrestris) robbed nectar whilst longer-tongued ones behaved as legitimate pollinators ( B. hortorum and B. pascuorum). Nectar rewards were highly variable; on average there was less nectar in robbed than in unrobbed flowers, but this difference was not statistically significant. The proportion of flowers containing no nectar was significantly higher for robbed flowers compared with unrobbed flowers. Secondary robbers and legitimate pollinators had similar handling times on flowers and, assuming they select flowers at random to forage on, received approximately the same nectar profit per minute, largely because most flowers had been robbed. There was no significant difference in the number of seeds in pods of robbed flowers and in pods of flowers that were artificially protected against robbing. However, more of the robbed flowers set at least some seed than the unrobbed flowers, possibly as a consequence of the experimental manipulation. We suggest that nectar robbing has little effect on plant fecundity because legitimate foragers are present in the population, and that seed predation and seed abortion after fertilization may be more important factors in limiting seed production in this species.

  20. Revisão de procedimentos anestésicos para prostatectomia radical robótica

    OpenAIRE

    Coelho, Beatriz Antunes Chambel

    2016-01-01

    Trabalho Final do Curso de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, 2016 O uso dos sistemas cirúrgicos robóticos aumentou consideravelmente na última década, principalmente na urologia e ginecologia. A cirurgia robótica tem os benefícios da técnica laparoscópica aliados a menores complicações pós-operatórias e movimentos mais precisos. O sistema robótico disponível é o sistema da Vinci, composto por um corpo com braços robóticos, uma consola cirúrgi...

  1. Nectar robbing positively influences the reproductive success of Tecomella undulata (Bignoniaceae.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vineet Kumar Singh

    Full Text Available The net consequence of nectar robbing on reproductive success of plants is usually negative and the positive effect is rarely produced. We evaluated the influence of nectar robbing on the behaviour of pollinators and the reproductive success of Tecomella undulata (Bignoniaceae in a natural population. Experimental pollinations showed that the trees were strictly self-incompatible. The three types of floral colour morphs of the tree viz. red, orange and yellow, lacked compatibility barriers. The pollinators (Pycnonotus cafer and Pycnonotus leucotis and the robber (Nectarinia asiatica showed equal preference for all the morphs, as they visited each morph with nearly equal frequency and flower-handling time. The sunbirds caused up to 60% nectar robbing, mostly (99% by piercing through the corolla tube. Although nectar is replenished at regular intervals, insufficient amount of nectar compelled the pollinators to visit additional trees in bloom. Data of manual nectar robbing from the entire tree showed that the pollinators covered lower number of flowers per tree (5 flowers/tree and more trees per bout (7 trees/bout than the unrobbed ones (19 flowers/tree and 2 trees bout. The robbed trees set a significantly greater amount of fruits than the unrobbed trees. However, the number of seeds in a fruit did not differ significantly. The study shows that plant-pollinator-robber interaction may benefit the self-incompatible plant species under conditions that increases the visits of pollinators among the compatible conspecifics in a population.

  2. Nectar robbing positively influences the reproductive success of Tecomella undulata (Bignoniaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Vineet Kumar; Barman, Chandan; Tandon, Rajesh

    2014-01-01

    The net consequence of nectar robbing on reproductive success of plants is usually negative and the positive effect is rarely produced. We evaluated the influence of nectar robbing on the behaviour of pollinators and the reproductive success of Tecomella undulata (Bignoniaceae) in a natural population. Experimental pollinations showed that the trees were strictly self-incompatible. The three types of floral colour morphs of the tree viz. red, orange and yellow, lacked compatibility barriers. The pollinators (Pycnonotus cafer and Pycnonotus leucotis) and the robber (Nectarinia asiatica) showed equal preference for all the morphs, as they visited each morph with nearly equal frequency and flower-handling time. The sunbirds caused up to 60% nectar robbing, mostly (99%) by piercing through the corolla tube. Although nectar is replenished at regular intervals, insufficient amount of nectar compelled the pollinators to visit additional trees in bloom. Data of manual nectar robbing from the entire tree showed that the pollinators covered lower number of flowers per tree (5 flowers/tree) and more trees per bout (7 trees/bout) than the unrobbed ones (19 flowers/tree and 2 trees bout). The robbed trees set a significantly greater amount of fruits than the unrobbed trees. However, the number of seeds in a fruit did not differ significantly. The study shows that plant-pollinator-robber interaction may benefit the self-incompatible plant species under conditions that increases the visits of pollinators among the compatible conspecifics in a population.

  3. The Impact of Rob Flood and Community Adaptation in Coastal Area of Medan Belawan, Medan City, North Sumatra, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riki Rahmad

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the impact of rob flood and adaptation of coastal communities in Medan Belawan District Medan City. The research method used is descriptive qualitative research method. The direct location of flooding review is at Jalan Serdang which belongs to Belawan I urban village. The result shows that the rob flood that hit Medan Belawan District has varying height. Several villages affected by the flood were Belawan I, Belawan II, Belawan Bahagia, Belawan Bahari, Belawan Sicanang and Bagan Deli. Rob flood occurs twice a day at around 02.00 am and 13.00 pm to 16.00 pm. Rob floods give impacts of damage to buildings especially shelter, increased salinity of water resources, damage to pond land, damage to work equipment or vehicles used by everyday people. Rob floods also disrupt the activities of fishers and traders because when the floods occur, fishers are forced to stop while fishing and income is reduced, as well as the supply of fish to the market. Community adaptation to rob floods in Medan Belawan District is adaptation to residential buildings and adaptation to the availability of clean water sources. Key words: coastal communities, rob flood, adaptation Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui  dampak banjir rob dan adaptasi masyarakat kawasan pesisir di Kecamatan Medan Belawan Kota Medan. Metode penelitian yang  digunakan adalah metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif . Lokasi langsung peninjauan banjir ialah di Jalan Serdang yang termasuk kedalam Kelurahan Belawan I. Hasil penelitian menunjukkna bahwa banjir rob yang melanda Kecamatan Medan Belawan mempunyai ketinggian yang bervariasi. Beberapa kelurahan yang terkena banjir rob antara lain Kelurahan Belawan I, Kelurahan Belawan II, Kelurahan Belawan Bahagia, Kelurahan Belawan Bahari, Kelurahan Belawan Sicanang dan Kelurahan Bagan Deli. Banjir rob terjadi dua kali dalam sehari yakni sekitar pukul 02.00 pagi dan 13.00 siang hingga pukul 16.00 sore hari. Banjir rob

  4. Supervisor as Supervisee: Factors that Influence Doctoral Students' Self-Efficacy as Supervisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frick, Melodie Henson

    2009-01-01

    There have been many studies on supervising counselors-in-training; few researchers, however, have empirically examined the experiences of doctoral students as they train to become supervisors. More specifically, little is known about what factors influence the self-efficacy of doctoral students as supervisors-in-training while they work in the…

  5. Robòtica humanoide. Aplicació docent en enginyeria

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda Añon, Alexandre

    2011-01-01

    Aquest Projecte Final de Carrera (PFC) consisteix en la preparació, realització, desenvolupament i implementació de una sèrie de pràctiques de laboratori sobre Robòtica Humanoide per a l’assignatura de ‘Robòtica Industrial’ de la titulació universitària de Enginyeria Industrial i que està integrada dins de la intensificació d’Automàtica. Malgrat això, podran servir per a qualsevol classe pràctica universitària en la temàtica de robòtica per a qualsevol titulació tècnico-científ...

  6. 78 FR 46598 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Rob Jaggers Camping Area Business Plan and Expanded Amenity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Availability of the Draft Rob Jaggers Camping Area Business Plan and... prepared and is making available to the public the Draft Rob Jaggers Camping Area Business Plan and... written comments on the Draft Business Plan by December 15, 2013. ADDRESSES: Copies of the Draft...

  7. Navegação autônoma de robôs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidnei Alves de Araújo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, é apresentado um sistema de navegação autônoma, baseado em mecanismos de visão computacional que descrevem o ambiente para que um robô, construído com o kit Lego Mindstorms, possa tomar decisões. A partir das informações recebidas sobre sua localização, a do alvo e a dos obstáculos, o robô deve definir o trajeto a percorrer para atingir o objetivo.

  8. Kirubot: brazo robótico ayudante en cirugía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Torres

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Los objetivos son el diseño y construcción de un prototipo de
    brazo robótico controlado por instrumentación virtual para la realización de procedimientos quirúrgicos, diseñar un sistema de navegación para ubicación de coordenadas en el espacio tridimensional, construir una página WEB del proyecto y desarrollar una línea de aplicaciones de robótica en cirugía.

     

     

  9. Robótica educacional aplicada ao ensino de química: colaboração e aprendizagem

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira Júnior, Carlos Antônio

    2014-01-01

    O presente trabalho visa detalhar uma experiência de utilização da robótica pedagógica no ensino de ciências, mais especificamente no ensino de química. O relato se inicia com aspectos históricos da robótica contemplando mitologia, ficção e indústria para entendermos de onde surge a ideia de robô, suas aplicações e o desenvolvimento do conceito de robô e robótica no decorrer da história. No segundo capítulo inserimos a atividade nos aspectos teóricos da atividade colaborativa, ...

  10. The pharmacy supervisor and the employee pharmacist's job satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North, M A; Kirk, K W

    1990-05-01

    It seems obvious that satisfaction with one's immediate supervisor would have a significant impact on one's general job satisfaction. However, this relationship has received little attention in the pharmacy literature. This study was designed to determine 1) whether there are differences in job-related satisfaction between pharmacists whose immediate supervisors are pharmacists and those whose supervisors are not pharmacists, and 2) whether the occurrence of conflict between a pharmacist and his or her immediate supervisor is related to the employee pharmacist's job and career satisfaction. The most pronounced finding was the importance of supervisors being pharmacists: satisfaction on five of six satisfaction subscales was related to whether one's supervisor was a pharmacist. Moreover, pharmacists who had the fewest conflicts and disagreements with their supervisors were more satisfied with their choice of pharmacy as a career, their employers, their supervisors, and their jobs.

  11. aplicadas a navegação autônoma de robôs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidnei Alves de Araújo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Diante da necessidade de melhorar a qualidade dos produtos e otimizar o tempo dos processos de sua fabricação, as pesquisas relativas à automação e robótica têm sido intensificadas. Neste trabalho, apresenta-se um sistema de navegação autônoma de robôs utilizando o kit Lego Mindstorms. O método de navegação proposto é baseado em mecanismos de visão computacional que descrevem o ambiente para que o robô possa tomar decisões. O robô, com base nas informações recebidas sobre seu posicionamento, posição do alvo e dos obstáculos, deve decidir o trajeto a fazer para atingir o objetivo. Neste estudo, são discutidos detalhes da implementação e das técnicas utilizadas bem como os resultados experimentais.

  12. Sistema multi-agente robóticos: revision de metodologías

    OpenAIRE

    Vallejo V., Marcela; Ochoa G., John F.; Jiménez B, Jovani A.

    2011-01-01

    El presente artículo brinda una visión general del estado del arte de los sistemas multi-agente robóticos. Inicialmente se hace un recuento del desarrollo del área, Los problemas que enfrentan, para finalmente describir algunas de las metodologías que se han utilizado para su diseño

  13. The Role of the TP TESL Supervisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourke, James Mannes

    2001-01-01

    Examines the changing role of the student teacher supervisor in elementary school English as a Second Language education, arguing for a development model of supervision. Data collected over 6 years in Brunei indicated that there were tensions over different models of student teacher supervision used. The key functions of the student teacher…

  14. Roles, responsabilities and situations faced by supervisor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca VLASA

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Supervision is a dinamic proces which includes changes, acquisitions which have as a result the improving of work conditions, the rise of eficiency, the satisfactions of the employees and the avoiding of professional exhaustion. Nowadays, supervisors are permanently challenged with continuous transformations. The success criteria of the leaders is no longer their capacity to manage teams and unexpected situations, but their real capacity to anticipate and guide their actions. A supervisor does not have the power to fire or hire employees, but he can recommend this to the superior level of management. However, the supervisor can have the following roles: guide, mentor, attorney (for organisation, atorney (for employees. One of the supervisor’s responsabilities is the organisation of the department, but he also has to revise employee’s needs, to set performance standards, to ensure that employees follow the politics, the confidentiality and the procedures of the organisation. Although the purpose to help the employee become efficient seems simple, it can become a frustrating experience. One study about stress factors among supervisors revealed that they confrunt with two kind of problems: their status and the pressure at the work place which affects their performance.

  15. The Evaluation Supervisor as Internal Auditor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farber, Irvin J.

    The role of the evaluation supervisor as internal auditor and his or her responsibility for assuring the independence and objectivity of evaluation results are discussed. Four sources of compromise of objectivity are discussed: factual, political, involvement, and affective. The first two sources of compromise cannot be accepted, A code of ethical…

  16. Training Supervisors in Employee Performance Appraisals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sims, Ronald R.

    1988-01-01

    The author presents a training program for supervisors designed to improve an organization's performance appraisal system. Legal issues surrounding performance appraisal are discussed. Course topics include (1) definition and purpose of performance appraisal, (2) how appraisals can improve performance, (3) negative reactions and how to overcome…

  17. Novice supervisors' tasks and training - a descriptive study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jan; Jacobsen, Claus H.; Mathiesen, Birgit Bork

    , i.e. trained, prior to these tasks. These findings imply that more training is needed for novice supervisors. Preferably, this training should be introduced before, or at least parallel to, the first supervisor tasks, preparing the novice supervisors for the often complicated tasks they are meeting....

  18. A Model for the Supervisor-Doctoral Student Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mainhard, Tim; van der Rijst, Roeland; van Tartwijk, Jan; Wubbels, Theo

    2009-01-01

    The supervisor-doctoral student interpersonal relationship is important for the success of a PhD-project. Therefore, information about doctoral students' perceptions of their relationship with their supervisor can be useful for providing detailed feedback to supervisors aiming at improving the quality of their supervision. This paper describes the…

  19. 7 CFR 58.53 - Supervisor of packaging required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Supervisor of packaging required. 58.53 Section 58.53... Packaging Products with Official Identification § 58.53 Supervisor of packaging required. The official....54 through 58.57, shall be done only under the supervision of a supervisor of packaging....

  20. 46 CFR 197.210 - Designation of diving supervisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Designation of diving supervisor. 197.210 Section 197... HEALTH STANDARDS GENERAL PROVISIONS Commercial Diving Operations General § 197.210 Designation of diving supervisor. The name of the diving supervisor for each commercial diving operation shall be— (a)...

  1. 46 CFR 197.404 - Responsibilities of the diving supervisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Responsibilities of the diving supervisor. 197.404... SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS GENERAL PROVISIONS Commercial Diving Operations Operations § 197.404 Responsibilities of the diving supervisor. (a) The diving supervisor shall— (1) Be fully cognizant of...

  2. Endorsement for Licensure: Practices and Challenges Reported by Counselor Supervisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Cynthia M.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed-method study was to explore the extent to which supervisors of post-matriculation, pre-licensed counselors engage in gatekeeping. Two-hundred seventy-nine supervisors of post-matriculation, pre-licensed counselors completed an online survey that assessed (1) what methods of supervision supervisors of post-matriculation,…

  3. 42 CFR 493.1469 - Standard: Cytology general supervisor qualifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard: Cytology general supervisor... Nonwaived Testing Laboratories Performing High Complexity Testing § 493.1469 Standard: Cytology general supervisor qualifications. The cytology general supervisor must be qualified to supervise cytology services...

  4. 42 CFR 493.1471 - Standard: Cytology general supervisor responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard: Cytology general supervisor... Nonwaived Testing Laboratories Performing High Complexity Testing § 493.1471 Standard: Cytology general supervisor responsibilities. The technical supervisor of cytology may perform the duties of the cytology...

  5. Projeto e desenvolvimento de um carro robô controlado por smartphone, utilizando a plataforma Amarino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otávio Souza Martins Gomes

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo mostra a construção de um carro robô controlado por dispositivos móveis utilizando o sistema operacional Android e uma placa de prototipagem open source (Arduino. Utilizou-se de motores para sua movimentação e sensores para interação com o ambiente. O envio de comandos foi realizado utilizando a tecnologia Bluetooth e é capaz de movimentar o carro robô em todas as direções de acordo com os comandos do usuário. Sensores instalados no carro coletam informações do ambiente que são enviadas ao dispositivo Android. A construção bem sucedida deste carro robô mostra que é possível implementar novas funcionalidades para esse produto, bem como apoiar outros projetos relacionados a esse tema.Palavras-chave: Arduino. Android. Bluetooth. Carro robô. Robótica. Project and development of a robot car controlled by smartphone, using the platform amarinoABSTRACTThis work shows the build of a robot car controlled by mobile devices employing Android operating system and an open source prototyping board (Arduino. Motors for its movements and sensors for its environment interaction were employed. The commands are transmitted using Bluetooth technology which can move the robot car in all directions according to the user commands. Sensors installed in the car collect the environment information which is sent to the Android device. The success build of this robot car shows that new features can be possible implemented as well as to support other projects related to this research area.Keywords: Arduino. Android. Bluetooth. Robot car. Robotic.

  6. Aplicações de Controle Servo Visual 2D a Veículos Robóticos

    OpenAIRE

    Silveira, Geraldo; CARVALHO, José R. H.; Rives, Patrick; AZINHEIRA, José R.; BUENO, Samuel Siqueira; MADRID, Marconi K.

    2002-01-01

    Dentre as inúmeras aplicações de visão computacional em robótica, o presente trabalho aborda aplicações de controle servo visual: em tarefas de posicionamento, utilizando um robô móvel terrestre (Nomad 200); de rastreamento de trajetórias; e de fixação sobre marcações no solo, ambas utilizando o dirigível robótico AS-800 para ambientes externos do projeto AURORA.

  7. Differential expression of the transcription factors MarA, Rob, and SoxS of Salmonella Typhimurium in response to sodium hypochlorite: down-regulation of rob by MarA and SoxS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collao, B; Morales, E H; Gil, F; Polanco, R; Calderón, I L; Saavedra, C P

    2012-11-01

    To survive, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) must sense signals found in phagocytic cells and modulate gene expression. In the present work, we evaluated the expression and cross-regulation of the transcription factors MarA, Rob, and SoxS in response to NaOCl. We generated strains ΔsoxS and ΔmarA, which were 20 times more sensitive to NaOCl as compared to the wild-type strain; while Δrob only 5 times. Subsequently, we determined that marA and soxS transcript and protein levels were increased while those of rob decreased in a wild-type strain treated with NaOCl. To assess if changes in S. Typhimurium after exposure to NaOCl were due to a cross-regulation, as in Escherichia coli, we evaluated the expression of marA, soxS, and rob in the different genetic backgrounds. The positive regulation observed in the wild-type strain of marA and soxS was retained in the Δrob strain. As in the wild-type strain, rob was down-regulated in the ΔmarA and ΔsoxS treated with NaOCl; however, this effect was decreased. Since rob was down-regulated by both factors, we generated a ΔmarA ΔsoxS strain finding that the negative regulation was abolished, confirming our hypothesis. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays using MarA and SoxS confirmed an interaction with the promoter of rob.

  8. Concept of the CMS Trigger Supervisor

    CERN Document Server

    Magrans de Abril, Ildefons; Varela, Joao

    2006-01-01

    The Trigger Supervisor is an online software system designed for the CMS experiment at CERN. Its purpose is to provide a framework to set up, test, operate and monitor the trigger components on one hand and to manage their interplay and the information exchange with the run control part of the data acquisition system on the other. The Trigger Supervisor is conceived to provide a simple and homogeneous client interface to the online software infrastructure of the trigger subsystems. This document specifies the functional and non-functional requirements, design and operational details, and the components that will be delivered in order to facilitate a smooth integration of the trigger software in the context of CMS.

  9. Una propuesta de actividades de introducción a la Robótica en 3º de ESO

    OpenAIRE

    Diosdado Fernández, José Ángel

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo presenta una serie de actividades para introducir la robótica a los alumnos de 3º de la ESO. Para ello usaremos el robot mOwayduino junto a la plataforma Arduino. Desde una perspectiva construccionista se plantea que, además de aprender los fundamentos de la robótica, el alumno adquiera las capacidades que caracterizan al pensamiento computacional.

  10. Robótica Educativa. La programación como parte de un proceso educativo.

    OpenAIRE

    García, José Miguel

    2015-01-01

    El presente artículo aborda la temática de la Robótica Educativa en Uruguay. Presenta una breve reseña del estado del arte, así como de distintos enfoques con que es abordada. Se analiza la robótica educativa como una forma de trabajo que sustenta el desarrollo del pensamiento computacional en niños, niñas y jóvenes de educación general, más allá de la programación, y de las orientaciones profesionales a las que se dediquen en el futuro. Se presenta la programación como una fase del trabajo e...

  11. Cirugía robótica transoral: concepto e indicaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Granell Navarro, José; Garrido García, Laura; Millás Gómez, Teresa; Gutiérrez Fonseca, Raimundo

    2013-01-01

    [ES] Introducción. La cirugía robótica transoral supone un paso adelante en la evolución de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva en cabeza y cuello, que optimiza las dos exigencias básicas de este tipo de abordajes quirúrgicos: excelente visión y libertad de manipulación. Su desarrollo desde el año 2009 ha sido explosivo. Material y Métodos. Se describen los aspectos técnicos del sistema de cirugía robótica da Vinci y los procedimientos quirúrgicos básicos (amigdalectomía radical, exéresis de base...

  12. Cirugía robótica transoral: concepto e indicaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Granell Navarro, José; Garrido García, Laura; Millás Gómez, Teresa; Gutiérrez Fonseca, Raimundo

    2013-01-01

    [ES] Introducción. La cirugía robótica transoral supone un paso adelante en la evolución de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva en cabeza y cuello, que optimiza las dos exigencias básicas de este tipo de abordajes quirúrgicos: excelente visión y libertad de manipulación. Su desarrollo desde el año 2009 ha sido explosivo. Material y Métodos. Se describen los aspectos técnicos del sistema de cirugía robótica da Vinci y los procedimientos quirúrgicos básicos (amigdalectomía radical, exéresis de base...

  13. helvis III - Desenvolvimento e caracterização da plataforma robótica

    OpenAIRE

    Andres Eduardo Baquero Velasquez

    2015-01-01

    O principal propósito deste trabalho é desenvolver e caracterizar o veículo robótico ℏelvis III, para ser usado no desenvolvimento de pesquisas na área de controle e navegação de robôs móveis. O sistema de propulsão foi caracterizado para determinar a velocidade real do veículo em quatro tipos diferentes de terrenos (Asfalto, grama, grama-terra e terra). Também foi caracterizado o sistema de esterçamento mediante o modelo cinemático da bicicleta, onde se obteve a relação entre a posiçã...

  14. The importance of provision and utilization of supervisor support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munc, Alec; Eschleman, Kevin; Donnelly, Janet

    2016-10-10

    Three cross-sectional studies examined the benefits of provision of supervisor support while controlling for subordinate utilization of supervisor support. Data were collected from workers in a subordinate role (Study 1 N = 355; Study 2 N = 229; Study 3 N = 109). Consistent with expectations, provision of supervisor support consistently explained unique variance in affective job criteria while controlling for utilization of supervisor support. The results indicate that supervisors should acknowledge that their workers experience the affective benefits of supervisor support even if the workers do not consistently use the support provided. Contrary to expectations, provision of supervisor support did not consistently explain unique variance in perceived job stressors while controlling for utilization of supervisor support. However, workers must utilize the supervisor support provided in order to perceive fewer job stressors. We recommend supervisors to take caution when relocating their support to different subordinates based solely on a lack of utilization of support, as this may cause higher perceived job stressors for their subordinates based on the lack of provision of that support.

  15. Pengaruh Land Subsidence terhadap Genangan Banjir dan Rob di Semarang Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ratih Pujiastuti

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Inundation of flood and rob (flood due to high tides in Semarang City is increase wtithin area and depth. It be more seroius condition because of land subsisdence that happened in coastal area of Semarang City. This research is foccused on prediction and mapping of inundation flood and rob due to land subsidence effect in East Semarang, especially Tenggang Watershed and Sringin Watershed. On this research, data analysis including analysis of land subsidence, analysis of hydrological data, analysis of flood discharge with HEC-HMS, hydraulics analysis with HEC-RAS and then mapping the results of the flood inundation with Arc GIS. The inundation will be create with overlay the DEM of flood water level and DEM of topographic. According to the results of analysis is known that minimum land subsidence is 0 cm/year that happened in south area of Semarang and more higher ini north area with maximum land subsidence is 5.58 cm/year. On periode   2014-2031, the contribute of land subsidence to increase the inundation of flood and rob is 1.39%/year.

  16. Evidence that regulatory protein MarA of Escherichia coli represses rob by steric hindrance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMurry, Laura M; Levy, Stuart B

    2010-08-01

    The MarA protein of Escherichia coli can both activate and repress the initiation of transcription, depending on the position and orientation of its degenerate 20-bp binding site ("marbox") at the promoter. For all three known repressed genes, the marbox overlaps the promoter. It has been reported that MarA represses the rob promoter via an RNA polymerase (RNAP)-DNA-MarA ternary complex. Under similar conditions, we found a ternary complex for the repressed purA promoter also. These findings, together with the backwards orientation of repressed marboxes, suggested a unique interaction of MarA with RNAP in repression. However, no repression-specific residues of MarA could be found among 38 single-alanine replacement mutations previously shown to retain activation function or among mutants from random mutagenesis. Mutations Thr12Ala, Arg36Ala, Thr95Ile, and Pro106Ala were more damaging for activation than for repression, some up to 10-fold, so these residues may play a specific role in activation. We found that nonspecific binding of RNAP to promoterless regions of DNA was presumably responsible for the ternary complexes seen previously. When RNAP binding was promoter specific, MarA reduced RNAP access to the rob promoter; there was little or no ternary complex. These findings strongly implicate steric hindrance as the mechanism of repression of rob by MarA.

  17. Trabalho coletivo com mídia na robótica educacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Thaís Alves Cerciliar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Atualmente, observa-se um grande desenvolvimento científico e tecnológico em diversas áreas. Esse movimento faz com que muitos pesquisadores “procurem colocar as escolas à altura do seu tempo”. Uma das iniciativas tem sido a de trabalhar com a robótica, numa perspectiva educativa em que os alunos são desafiados a resolver problemas. Neste estudo, analisa-se um trabalho coletivo com robótica em uma escola pública de Ensino Fundamental onde se produziram saberes docentes sobre uma prática integrada com blog e Robótica. No processo de produção de dados, foram registradas notas de campo e filmagens nos diferentes ambientes de aprendizagem da escola. No processo de análise dos dados, observou-se que, nessa prática educativa, os alunos se tornaram autores das suas atividades, de seus projetos e de seus blogs.

  18. Pygmalion effects among outreach supervisors and tutors: extending sex generalizability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natanovich, Gloria; Eden, Dov

    2008-11-01

    Students who supervised other students who tutored grade-school pupils in a university-based outreach program were randomly assigned to Pygmalion and control conditions. Experimental supervisors were told that their tutors were ideally qualified for their tutoring role; control supervisors were told nothing about their tutors' qualifications. A manipulation check revealed that the experimental supervisors expected more of their tutors. Analysis of variance of tutorial success measures confirmed the Pygmalion effect among supervisors of both sexes. No main effect or interaction involving either supervisor sex or tutor sex was significant. As predicted, the experimental supervisors also provided better leadership and the experimental tutors increased their self-efficacy. This was the first demonstration of the Pygmalion effect among women leading men. Pygmalion effects may be produced without regard for sex.

  19. Correspondence of supervisor and subordinate perspectives during major organizational change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiter, M P; Harvie, P

    1997-10-01

    Staff members (N = 2,605) and supervisors (N = 55) of 39 administrative units in 2 healthcare organizations completed a survey measuring confidence in the organization, engagement with their work, and occupational hazards. A correlational analysis determined correspondence between the perspectives of supervisors with those of staff reporting to them as their facilities adjusted to major organizational changes. Supervisors' scores were significantly and positively correlated with the corresponding scores of staff members on cynicism, meaningfulness, acceptance of change, goals, hospital reputation, and health risks. Regression analysis found that relationships were relatively domain specific: Supervisor engagement with work was positively related to that of their staff members, and supervisors evaluations of the organization were positively related to those of their staff members. Supervisor assessment of occupational hazards was related to all 3 areas of staff perception.

  20. Performance of ROB's near real-time ionospheric product during normal and disturbed space weather periods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergeot, Nicolas; Chevalier, Jean-Marie; Bruyninx, Carine

    2015-04-01

    Several agencies are routinely monitoring the vertical Total Electron Content (vTEC) using GNSS data. Derived maps are available with different latencies, area extents, and grid/time resolutions. However, no high-resolution maps are publically available over Europe in near real-time. In this frame, the Royal Observatory of Belgium (ROB) developed the ROB-IONO software which takes advantage of the dense EUREF Permanent GNSS Network (EPN) to monitor the ionosphere. The main ROB products consist of ionospheric vTEC maps over Europe and their variability estimated in near real-time every 15 min on 0.5° x 0.5° grids using GPS observations. The maps are available online with a latency of ~3 min in the IONEX format at ftp://gnss.oma.be and as interactive web pages at www.gnss.be. During normal ionospheric activity, the ROB-TEC maps show a good agreement with widely used post-processed global products from IGS, CODE and ESA, with mean differences of 1.3 ± 0.9, 0.6 ± 0.7 and 0.4 ± 1.6 TECu respectively for the period 2012 to mid-2013. For a disturbed period, such as the 2003 Halloween ionospheric storm, the mean differences with IGS, CODE and ESA maps are respectively 0.9 ± 2.2, 0.1 ± 2.0 and 0.6 ± 6.8 TECu, with maximum differences (>38 TECu) occurring during the major phase of the storm. These differences are due to the lower resolution of global products in time and space compared to the ROB-TEC maps. A description of two recent events, on March 17, 2013 and February 27, 2014 highlights the capability of the method adopted to detect in near real-time abnormal ionospheric behaviour over Europe. The potential of the variability maps as an indicator of rapid ionospheric variations during the 15 min of observations is also highlighted. More than 30 ionospheric events associated with Space weather were detected during the period 2012-2014. The ionospheric perturbations are associated with Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs, ~70% of the time), active geomagnetic conditions

  1. Doctoral Supervisor Education in Denmark: Aiming to foster reflective practitioners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Godskesen, Mirjam Irene; Wichmann-Hansen, Gitte; Kobayashi, Sofie

    Quality in doctoral supervision is an increasing organisational focus area for universities and the need for supervisor development and training is widely recognised. However, there is no systematic overview of competence development activities for doctoral supervisors in Europe in general and th......, the content and the quality criteria for good supervisor education. We hope that these insights can inspire the development in other European countries....

  2. Internship in School Psychology: Education and practice of the supervisor

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Neto, Walter Mariano de Faria; Guzzo,Raquel Souza Lobo

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the training and practice of the internship supervisor in the field of Educational Psychology. The research was carried out through semi-structured interviews with six internship supervisors. Data was collected into three groups, as follows: characteristics of the supervisor (emphasis on the importance of his/her personal and professional background); relationship with the working setting (knowledge on curriculum structure and on the relationship betwee...

  3. 29 CFR 1960.55 - Training of supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... well as other appropriate rules and regulations. (b) This supervisory training should include introductory and specialized courses and materials which will enable supervisors to recognize and eliminate,...

  4. A Comparison of Female Supervisors in Business and Government Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiMarco, Nicholas; Whitsitt, Susan E.

    1975-01-01

    This exploratory study compared the life style and interpersonal need orientation, leadership style, and perception of the organization structure of female supervisors in business and government organizations. (Author)

  5. Supervisor trainees' and their supervisors' perceptions of attainment of knowledge and skills: an empirical evaluation of a psychotherapy supervisor training programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundin, Eva C; Ogren, Marie-Louise; Boëthius, Siv Boalt

    2008-11-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the success of a 2-year, part-time training programme for psychotherapy supervisors. A second aim was to examine factors that might contribute to perceived knowledge and skills attainment during the training course. This is a naturalistic, longitudinal study where several measures are used to examine group process and outcome. Supervisor trainees' (N=21) and their facilitators' (N=6) ratings of learning (knowledge and skills), relations to the supervisor and supervision group, usage of the group, and supervisor style were completed at three time points. The findings suggested that both trainees and their supervisors perceived that the trainees attained a substantial amount of knowledge and skills during the course. In accordance with the literature and expectations, the regression analysis suggested a strong negative association between a strong focus on group processes in the initial and middle phases of the training and perceived knowledge and skills attainment in the final phase of the training. The expected, positive role of relations among trainees in the supervision group in the first half of the training and perceived knowledge and skills attainment in the final part of the training was obtained, whilst the hypothesized significance of the relationship between trainee and supervisor did not receive support. The supervisory course seemed to provide a training that allowed trainees to attain knowledge and skills that are necessary for psychotherapy supervisors. The results of this pilot study also emphasize the need of more research on learning in the context of group supervision in psychotherapy.

  6. SIX IDEAS IN SEARCH OF SUPERVISORS OF ENGLISH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ROBERTSON, ROBERT T.

    AS ENGLISH SUPERVISORS SEEK TO IMPROVE THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH, THEY SHOULD CONSIDER THAT DEVELOPMENTS IN OTHER SCHOOLS DO NOT ALWAYS SUIT LOCAL CONDITIONS AND THAT PRESENT CHANGE IN THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH ALLOWS TEACHERS TO EXPERIMENT FREELY IN THEIR CLASSROOMS. IN LIGHT OF THIS FREEDOM TO INNOVATE, SUPERVISORS MAY FIND THE FOLLOWING SIX IDEAS…

  7. Care, Thoughtfulness, and Tact: A Conceptual Framework for University Supervisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuenca, Alexander

    2010-01-01

    The pedagogical work of university supervisors has received little attention in teacher education literature. Based on this concern, this paper provides a conceptual framework for university supervisors, recasting their role as teacher pedagogues focused on responding to the particular contextual needs of student teachers as they learn to teach.…

  8. Development and Initial Psychometrics of Counseling Supervisor's Behavior Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ahram; Park, Eun Hye; Byeon, Eunji; Lee, Sang Min

    2016-01-01

    This study describes the development and psychometric properties of the Counseling Supervisor's Behavior Questionnaire, designed to assess the specific behaviors of supervisors, which can be observed by supervisees during supervision sessions. Factor structure, construct and concurrent validity, and internal consistency reliability of the…

  9. How Federal Employees and Supervisors View Performance Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rampp, Lary C.; And Others

    A semantic differential instrument of four scales was used to evaluate employees' and supervisors' attitudes toward a differentiated performance appraisal training process. The sample included 237 employees and 83 supervisors in the Health Resources Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The study found the instrument…

  10. Supervisor Use of Video as a Tool in Teacher Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baecher, Laura; McCormack, Bede; Kung, Shiao-Chuan

    2014-01-01

    Supervisors play a critical role in fostering teacher candidates' reflective thinking on their practice, yet too often it is the supervisor, rather than the teacher, doing most of the observation work. Video-based supervision offers a promising alternative, as teachers have an opportunity to examine their own lesson and thus engage with the…

  11. The Role of Supervisors' and Supervisees' Mindfulness in Clinical Supervision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel, Laura; Borders, L. DiAnne; Willse, John

    2015-01-01

    The authors explored whether supervisor and supervisee self-ratings of mindfulness (N = 72 supervision pairs) predicted perceptions of the supervisory relationship and session dynamics. Only supervisor self-ratings of mindfulness predicted their own ratings of the supervisory relationship and session dynamics.

  12. 42 CFR 493.1461 - Standard: General supervisor qualifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., oral pathology, dermatopathology, and ophthalmic pathology because all tests and examinations, must be... supervisor under §§ 493.1449(b) or 493.1449(l) or (2); (3) In ophthalmic pathology, by an individual who is qualified as a technical supervisor under §§ 493.1449(b) or 493.1449(1)(3); and (4) In oral pathology, by...

  13. Training the Trainers: Learning to Be a Principal Supervisor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltzman, Amy

    2017-01-01

    While most principal supervisors are former principals themselves, few come to the role with specific training in how to do the job effectively. For this reason, both the Washington, D.C., and Tulsa, Oklahoma, principal supervisor programs include a strong professional development component. In this article, the author takes a look inside these…

  14. A Good Supervisor--Ten Facts of Caring Supervision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Määttä, Kaarina

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the elements of caring supervision of doctoral theses. The purpose was to describe the best practices as well as challenges of supervision especially from the supervisor's perspective. The analysis is based on the author's extensive experience as a supervisor and related data obtained for research and developmental purposes.…

  15. Impressed by impression management: Newcomer reactions to ingratiated supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foulk, Trevor A; Long, David M

    2016-10-01

    Organizational newcomers are unfamiliar with many aspects of their workplace and look for information to help them reduce uncertainty and better understand their new environment. One aspect critical to newcomers is the disposition of their supervisor-the person who arguably can impact the newcomer's career the most. To form an impression of their new supervisor, newcomers look to social cues from coworkers who have interpersonal contact with the supervisor. In the present research, we investigate the ways newcomers use observed ingratiation-a common impression management strategy whereby coworkers try to appear likable (Schlenker, 1980)-to form impressions of a supervisor's warmth. Research on social influence cannot easily account for how third parties will interpret ingratiation, as the behaviors linked to ingratiation suggest something positive about the target, yet the unsavory aspects of the behavior imply it may not have the same effects as other positive behaviors. Our findings suggest that newcomers are unique in that they are motivated to learn about their new supervisor, and are prone to ignore those unsavory aspects and infer something positive about a supervisor targeted with ingratiation. Our findings also suggest that this effect can be weakened based on the supervisor's response. In other words, newcomers rely less on evidence from a coworker's ingratiation in the presence of direct behaviors from the supervisor. (PsycINFO Database Record

  16. "In Loco Paedagogus:" The Pedagogy of a Novice University Supervisor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuenca, Alexander

    2010-01-01

    The peripherality of the university supervisor during the student teaching experience has often been considered extraneous to the work of preparing preservice teachers. Despite the supervisor's potential to support learning, the low status of supervision in the preparation of prospective teachers has led to a lack of commitment in preparing,…

  17. The Experiences of Expert Group Work Supervisors: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atieno Okech, Jane E.; Rubel, Deborah

    2009-01-01

    Evaluation of group work supervision literature suggests that description of expert group work supervisors' experiences could be useful for expanding existing group work supervision practices and models. This study provided a systematic exploration of the experiences of expert group work supervisors during the supervision process. Results indicate…

  18. Counselors' and Supervisors' Perceptions of Professional Development Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Bill K.; Obermann, C. Esco

    This paper examines the perceptions of state agency vocational rehabilitation counselors and supervisors in regard to the values they attach to present inservice education programs and to supervision. Subjects were 282 rehabilitation counselors and 64 supervisors employed in state and federal vocational rehabilitation programs in Iowa, Illinois,…

  19. Requirements for nurse supervisor training: A qualitative content analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dehghani, Khadijeh; Nasiriani, Khadijeh; Salimi, Tahere

    2016-01-01

    Supervisors should have certain characteristics and adequate preparation for their roles. Yet, there are no well-educated experts knowing about the supervisor's role and responsibilities and how to train them. So, this research was conducted with the purpose of finding the factors affecting nursing supervisor training. This research is an inductive content analysis. Participants were 25 in number, consisting of nurses and supervisors in Shahid Sadoughi University hospitals. The participants were chosen by a purposive sampling method. Data collection was done by semi-structured interviews and reviewing documents. Data were analyzed using conventional content analysis. Findings included two main themes: Firstly, establishment of a supervisory infrastructure that includes "making the appointments and retention of supervisors, clarifying the duties and authority of supervisor, developing supervisory culture, specializing supervision, and conducting practice-based training" and secondly, comprehensive supervisory competencies that include "acquiring scientific, managing, communicative, professional, ethical, pedagogical, and supporting adequacy." Clinical supervisor has a major role in ensuring the quality of nursing care. This leads to improvements in patient care and nurses' personal and professional development. So, it is necessary that for effective supervision in nursing, first an infrastructure is provided for supervision and then the comprehensive competency of a supervisor is enhanced to apply effective supervision.

  20. The Role of the Supervisor in the Supervisory Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lessing, A. C.

    2011-01-01

    Postgraduate supervision does not only require academic and research skills from the supervisors--they may also assume a variety of roles to support the postgraduate student from novice to experienced researcher. The role of supervisors in the supervisory process, as well as the views of a purposeful selection of lecturers on the role is the focus…

  1. Supervisor's Interactive Model of Organizational Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Reilly, Frances L.; Matt, John; McCaw, William P.

    2014-01-01

    The Supervisor's Interactive Model of Organizational Relationships (SIMOR) integrates two models addressed in the leadership literature and then highlights the importance of relationships. The Supervisor's Interactive Model of Organizational Relationships combines the modified Hersey and Blanchard model of situational leadership, the…

  2. School Counseling Site Supervisor Training: A Web-Based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swank, Jacqueline M.; Tyson, Lawrence

    2012-01-01

    A need exists for training school counseling site supervisors in providing clinical supervision to school counseling practicum and internship students. This article outlines a Web-based training program containing six modules to assist counselor education programs in educating school counseling site supervisors. The authors also address the…

  3. Suicidal Clients and Supervisees: A Model for Considering Supervisor Roles

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGlothlin, Jason M.; Rainey, Steve; Kindsvatter, Aaron

    2005-01-01

    It is likely that counselor trainees will be exposed to suicidal clients and subsequently face personal dilemmas, stress, and feelings of incompetence. Ethical guidelines mandate that supervisors have procedures to assist supervisors in such times. Currently, the literature does not provide a framework for providing such supervision. This article…

  4. Coming soon - Launch of e-learning initiative for supervisors

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    In early July, the Learning and Development group is launching a new learning initiative specifically targeted at supervisors here at CERN. With the assistance of  experts on the subject, we have designed an exclusive series of five e-learning modules. These modules will help supervisors to synthesise some of the important processes that influence and impact their daily work and build key competencies as people managers.   Each module may take up to a maximum of 60 minutes to complete and covers the following topics: • CERN as an Organisation • People Management (Part 1) • People Management (Part 2) • Financial Management • Administrative Information Tools for Supervisors Supervisors will receive an invitation from the L&D group to access the modules on a dedicated e-learning space created on SharePoint. We recommend that all newly appointed supervisors access and complete the five modules within the first month of taking up their su...

  5. Role of commitment to the supervisor, leader-member exchange, and supervisor-based self-esteem in employee-supervisor conflicts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landry, Guylaine; Vandenberghe, Christian

    2009-02-01

    Using survey data from 240 employees working in a variety of organizations, the authors examined the relations among commitment to the supervisor, leader-member exchange, supervisor-based self-esteem (SBSE), and relationship and substantive supervisor-subordinate conflicts. They found affective commitment was negatively related to both types of conflicts; perceived lack of alternatives commitment was positively related to relationship conflicts; and leader-member exchange was negatively related to substantive conflicts. SBSE was negatively associated with both types of conflicts. In addition, when SBSE was low, affective commitment was more strongly related to both types of conflicts, and normative commitment more strongly and positively related to substantive conflicts. The authors discuss the implications of these findings for the understanding of employee-supervisor conflicts.

  6. Movimiento de un brazo robótico mediante un guante P5 Glove

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez Molero, Samuel

    2013-01-01

    En la actualidad la mayoría de grandes y medianas empresas destinadas a la producción utilizan en sus plantas robots que permiten aumentar su capacidad y calidad de la misma. Por ese motivo la robótica es uno de los campos con mayor velocidad de desarrollo. Estos robots están programados para hacer una tarea fija (soldar, cortar, desplazar, etc.) con algunas variaciones posibles dependiendo del caso de la producción (pieza en mal estado, pieza girada, no hay pieza, etc.). Por otro lado, to...

  7. Prototipo de mano robótica antropométrica sub-actuada

    OpenAIRE

    Mauricio Aarón Pérez Romero; Alejandro Tonatiu Velázquez Sánchez; Christopher René Torres San Miguel; Luis Martínez Sáez; Pedro Francisco Huerta González

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo describe la metodología utilizada para obtener el prototipo funcional de una mano robótica considerando características antropométricas, a partir del procesamiento que aportan información para el desarrollo del estudio analítico de la síntesis de un mecanismo sub-actuado de cuatro barras, adecuado para la generación de trayectorias óptimas para efectuar la operación de sujeción de objetos en forma puntual, palmar, lateral, cilíndrica y esférica. En este sentido, la diversidad de ...

  8. Robótica educativa com crianças/jovens : processos sociocognitivos

    OpenAIRE

    Callegari, Jean Hugo

    2015-01-01

    Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo principal compreender como se manifestam os processos sociocognitivos quando os sujeitos são provocados a desenvolver atividades em oficinas de Robótica Educativa, articulada aos pressupostos da Ética Hacker, do Construtivismo e do Construcionismo. Para dar conta do objetivo, valeu-se de oficinas que utilizaram os recursos dos sistemas de montagem e motores da LEGO®, do Scratch e do Arduino, em um estudo de caso, de caráter exploratório, atuando como facilitado...

  9. Controle adaptativo de robôs móveis.

    OpenAIRE

    Celso de Sousa Júnior

    1999-01-01

    Neste trabalho é tratado o problema de controle adaptativo de robôs móveis com rodas e com acionamento diferencial. Os modelos cinemático e dinâmico são considerados, bem como distúrbios desconhecidos e limitados, dinâmica não modelada do tipo não estruturada e atrito. O controlador estudado é constituído de um controlador cinemático, baseado em coordenadas polares, e um controlador dinâmico, utilizando: Rede Neural Artificial (RNA), Rede Wavelet (RW) e Rede Wavelet com Bias (RWB). Nenhuma da...

  10. Arquitectura de Comportamientos Reactivos para Agentes Robóticos basada en CBR

    OpenAIRE

    Herrero Reder, Ignacio Alejandro

    2015-01-01

    En los últimos tiempos se ha demostrado la importancia del aprendizaje en la Inteligencia humana, tanto en su vertiente de aprendizaje por observación como a través de la experiencia, como medio de identificar situaciones y predecir acciones o respuestas a partir de la información adquirida. Dado este esquema general de la Inteligencia Humana, parece razonable imitar su estructura y características en un intento por diseñar una arquitectura general de inteligencia aplicada a la Robótica. E...

  11. Una experiencia de aprendizaje basado en proyecto en una asignatura de robótica

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    En este trabajo se presenta una experiencia concreta de introducción de la metodología de aprendizaje basado en proyecto (ABP) en una asignatura de robótica de quinto curso de la titulación de Ingeniero en informática de la UEM. La introducción del ABP ha sido de forma parcial y solo afecta a la parte práctica de la asignatura. Nuestro enfoque se apoya en la propuesta de un solo proyecto para toda la clase, donde los objetivos marcados no se limitan al desarrollo técnico del pr...

  12. Effects of Supervisor and Supervisee Theoretical Orientation and Supervisor-Supervisee Matching on Interns' Perceptions of Supervision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putney, Martha W.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Findings from 84 interns from 32 nationwide training sites revealed that cognitive-behavioral supervisors were perceived to be in consultant role and to focus on skills and strategies more than were humanistic, psychodynamic, and existential supervisors, who were perceived more as using relationship model, playing therapist role, and focusing on…

  13. Diseño del comportamiento de un portero de fútbol robótico

    OpenAIRE

    Vegas Cañadilla, Rubén

    2010-01-01

    Proyecto Fin de Carrera leído en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en el curso académico 2009/2010. Tutor del Proyecto: Francisco Martín Rico Una de las áreas de investigación en auge dentro de la robótica es la robótica móvil, caracterizada por estudiar robots que tienen la capacidad de realizar desplazamientos por el espacio. Encuadrada dentro de la robótica móvil está la RoboCup, una competición internacional que tiene como finalidad promover la investigación y desarrollo de la...

  14. Diseño y administración de proyectos de robótica educativa: lecciones aprendidas

    OpenAIRE

    Acuña Zuñiga, Ana Lourdes

    2012-01-01

    El inicio de proyectos educativos que incluyen la robótica como recurso de enseñanza y aprendizaje requieren plantearse en función de las capacidades y desempeños que se esperan consolidar en la población meta. Estas capacidades son el punto de partida para delinear los énfasis de contenido, los desempeños deseados, las tecnologías que se necesitan, los procesos de capacitación y seguimiento que hay que diseñar. La robótica educativa es propicia para apoyar habilidades productivas, creativas,...

  15. Robô seguidor de linha para competições

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otávio Souza Martins Gomes

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este projeto tem como objetivo montar um robô que consiga seguir a trajetória de uma linha de cor branca ou preta em um fundo de cor oposta à da linha. O seu sistema para detecção da linha conta com o uso de sensores de luz infravermelha para detectar o sinal refletido a partir de um diodo emissor apropriado. As superfícies pretas têm a propriedade de absorver radiações de todos os comprimentos de onda na faixa visível. Palavras-chaves: Microcontrolador. Robô. Sensor. Arduino. Seguidor de linha. Robot line follower for competitions ABSTRACT  This project aims to build a robot which is capable of following a white or black colored line having its opposite color as background. The system for the line detection uses infrared light sensors to detect the reflected signal, which is emitted from an infrared LED. The black surfaces have the property of absorbing radiation of all waves’ length on the visible line.Keywords:  Microcontroller. Robot. Sensor. Arduino. Line follower.

  16. Development of RadRob15, A Robot for Detecting Radioactive Contamination in Nuclear Medicine Departments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shafe A.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Accidental or intentional release of radioactive materials into the living or working environment may cause radioactive contamination. In nuclear medicine departments, radioactive contamination is usually due to radionuclides which emit high energy gamma photons and particles. These radionuclides have a broad range of energies and penetration capabilities. Rapid detection of radioactive contamination is very important for efficient removing of the contamination without spreading the radionuclides. A quick scan of the contaminated area helps health physicists locate the contaminated area and assess the level of activity. Studies performed in IR Iran shows that in some nuclear medicine departments, areas with relatively high levels of activity can be found. The highest contamination level was detected in corridors which are usually used by patients. To monitor radioactive contamination in nuclear medicine departments, RadRob15, a contamination detecting robot was developed in the Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation Protection Research Center (INIRPRC. The motor vehicle scanner and the gas radiation detector are the main components of this robot. The detection limit of this robot has enabled it to detect low levels of radioactive contamination. Our preliminary tests show that RadRob15 can be easily used in nuclear medicine departments as a device for quick surveys which identifies the presence or absence of radioactive contamination.

  17. Development of RadRob15, A Robot for Detecting Radioactive Contamination in Nuclear Medicine Departments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafe, A; Mortazavi, S M J; Joharnia, A; Safaeyan, Gh H

    2016-09-01

    Accidental or intentional release of radioactive materials into the living or working environment may cause radioactive contamination. In nuclear medicine departments, radioactive contamination is usually due to radionuclides which emit high energy gamma photons and particles. These radionuclides have a broad range of energies and penetration capabilities. Rapid detection of radioactive contamination is very important for efficient removing of the contamination without spreading the radionuclides. A quick scan of the contaminated area helps health physicists locate the contaminated area and assess the level of activity. Studies performed in IR Iran shows that in some nuclear medicine departments, areas with relatively high levels of activity can be found. The highest contamination level was detected in corridors which are usually used by patients. To monitor radioactive contamination in nuclear medicine departments, RadRob15, a contamination detecting robot was developed in the Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation Protection Research Center (INIRPRC). The motor vehicle scanner and the gas radiation detector are the main components of this robot. The detection limit of this robot has enabled it to detect low levels of radioactive contamination. Our preliminary tests show that RadRob15 can be easily used in nuclear medicine departments as a device for quick surveys which identifies the presence or absence of radioactive contamination.

  18. Supervisor self-disclosure: supervisees' experiences and perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knox, Sarah; Edwards, Lisa M; Hess, Shirley A; Hill, Clara E

    2011-12-01

    Twelve graduate-level supervisees were interviewed regarding their experiences of supervisor self-disclosure (SRSD); data were analyzed using consensual qualitative research. When describing a specific SRSD experience, supervisees reported a range of antecedents (e.g., difficult clinical situation, self-doubt, tension in supervision relationship) followed by supervisor disclosures about clinical experiences or personal information. Supervisees perceived that their supervisors disclosed primarily to normalize, but also to build rapport and to instruct. The SRSDs had mostly positive effects (e.g., normalization), though some negative effects (e.g., deleterious impact on supervision relationship) were reported. Implications of these findings for supervision, training, and research are addressed.

  19. Different effects of transcriptional regulators MarA, SoxS and Rob on susceptibility of Escherichia coli to cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMPs): Rob-dependent CAMP induction of the marRAB operon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, Douglas M; Levy, Stuart B

    2010-02-01

    Cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAMPs), a component of the mammalian immune system, protect the host from bacterial infections. The roles of the Escherichia coli transcriptional regulators MarA, SoxS and Rob in susceptibility to these peptides were examined. Overexpression of marA, either in an antibiotic-resistant marR mutant or from a plasmid, decreased bacterial susceptibility to CAMPs. Overexpression of the soxS gene from a plasmid, which decreased susceptibility to antibiotics, unexpectedly caused no decrease in CAMP susceptibility; instead it produced increased susceptibility to different CAMPs. Deletion or overexpression of rob had little effect on CAMP susceptibility. The marRAB operon was upregulated when E. coli was incubated in sublethal amounts of CAMPs polymyxin B, LL-37 or human beta-defensin-1; however, this upregulation required Rob. Deletion of acrAB increased bacterial susceptibility to polymyxin B, LL-37 and human beta-defensin-1 peptides. Deletion of tolC yielded an even greater increase in susceptibility to these peptides and also led to increased susceptibility to human alpha-defensin-2. Inhibition of cellular proton-motive force increased peptide susceptibility for wild-type and acrAB deletion strains; however, it decreased susceptibility of tolC mutants. These findings demonstrate that CAMPs are both inducers of marA-mediated drug resistance through interaction with Rob and also substrates for efflux in E. coli. The three related transcriptional regulators show different effects on bacterial cell susceptibility to CAMPs.

  20. Supervisors' perspective on medical thesis projects and dropout rates: survey among thesis supervisors at a large German university hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Can, Elif; Richter, Felicitas; Valchanova, Ralitsa; Dewey, Marc

    2016-10-14

    To identify underlying causes for failure of medical thesis projects and the constantly high drop-out rate in Germany from the supervisors' perspective and to compare the results with the students' perspective. Cross-sectional survey. Online questionnaire for survey of medical thesis supervisors among the staff of Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany. Published, earlier longitudinal survey among students for comparison. 1069 thesis supervisors participated. Data are presented using descriptive statistics, and the χ(2) test served to compare the results among supervisors with the earlier data from the longitudinal survey of doctoral students. Not applicable. This survey is an observational study. Of 3653 potential participants, 1069 (29.3%) supervising 3744 doctoral candidates participated in the study. Supervisors considered themselves to be highly motivated and to offer adequate supervision. On the other hand, 87% stated that they did not feel well prepared for thesis supervision. Supervisors gave lack of timeliness of doctoral students and personal differences (p=0.024 and p=0.001) as the main reasons for terminating thesis projects. Doctoral students predominantly mentioned methodological problems and difficult subjects as critical issues (p=0.001 and pthesis supervisors and medical students feel ill prepared for their roles in the process of a medical dissertation. Contradictory reasons for terminating medical thesis projects based on supervisors' and students' self-assessment suggest a lack of communication and true scientific collaboration between supervisors and doctoral students as the major underlying issue that requires resolution. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  1. Rethinking the Boundaries and Burdens of Parental Authority over Education: A Response to Rob Reich's Case Study of Homeschooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glanzer, Perry L.

    2008-01-01

    Rob Reich's claim that fruitful discussions about the balance among state, parental, and children's educational interests would benefit by contemplating the widespread phenomenon of homeschooling is a welcome suggestion. His policy recommendations, however, place an unjustified burden on parents to show the adequacy of homeschooling arrangements…

  2. Rethinking the Boundaries and Burdens of Parental Authority over Education: A Response to Rob Reich's Case Study of Homeschooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glanzer, Perry L.

    2008-01-01

    Rob Reich's claim that fruitful discussions about the balance among state, parental, and children's educational interests would benefit by contemplating the widespread phenomenon of homeschooling is a welcome suggestion. His policy recommendations, however, place an unjustified burden on parents to show the adequacy of homeschooling arrangements…

  3. Using Classroom Observations to Measure Teacher Effectiveness: Q&A with Rob Ramsdell. REL Mid-Atlantic Webinar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regional Educational Laboratory Mid-Atlantic, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In this webinar, Mr. Rob Ramsdell, Vice President, Cambridge Education, discussed the use of classroom observations as one measure of teacher effectiveness in a comprehensive educator support system. Mr. Ramsdell presented research-based recommendations for improving the quality and rigor of classroom observations. This Q&A addressed the…

  4. Robótica Educacional – Geometria da direção de triciclos com “drive governor”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fred Santos

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo aborda o projeto de robô móvel em forma de triciclo revelando características peculiares da sua geometria de direção permitindo compreender detalhes de seu dimensionamento a partir do conhecimento do ambiente com o qual ele irá interagir.

  5. PENGARUH DUKUNGAN SUPERVISOR DAN PEMBERDAYAAN TERHADAP ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tinjung Desy Nursanti

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Study aims to determine and obtain a clear picture of supportive supervisor, empowerment, and organizational citizenship behavior; and to determine the impact of supportive supervisor and empowerment towards organizational citizenship behavior of employees in PT Setia Makmur Cemerlang. Research used explanatory survey method, while the sample was taken from employees of the company. Research instrument (questionnaires was used as primary data collection to explain the causal relationship between supportive supervisor and empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior of employees in PT Setia Makmur Cemerlang. Analysis used simple linear regression and multiple linear regression method. Result of this study shows that there is significant influence between supportive supervisor and empowerment towards organizational citizenship behavior.

  6. Pengaruh Dukungan Supervisor dan Pemberdayaan Terhadap Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tinjung Desy Nursanti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Study aims to determine and obtain a clear picture of supportive supervisor, empowerment, and organizational citizenship behavior; and to determine the impact of supportive supervisor and empowerment towards organizational citizenship behavior of employees in PT Setia Makmur Cemerlang. Research used explanatory survey method, while the sample was taken from employees of the company. Research instrument (questionnaires was used as primary data collection to explain the causal relationship between supportive supervisor and empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior of employees in PT Setia Makmur Cemerlang. Analysis used simple linear regression and multiple linear regression method. Result of this study shows that there is significant influence between supportive supervisor and empowerment towards organizational citizenship behavior.

  7. Supervisor behaviour and its associations with employees' health in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montano, Diego

    2016-02-01

    To estimate the magnitude of the associations between different facets of supervisor behaviour and several health-related outcomes, and to assess whether these associations are mediated by known occupational health factors. Cross-sectional data from the European Working Conditions Survey were analysed by generalised linear mixed models (n = 32,770). Six regression models were estimated. Dependent variables include musculoskeletal (upper body, lower limbs, backache) and psychosomatic symptoms (stress and self-assessed general health). Independent variables correspond to several facets of supervisor behaviours such as supervisor support, feedback on work, ability to solve conflicts, encouragement to participate in decisions, and known occupational risk and protective factors. Even though supervisor behaviour is mediated by several known occupational risk factors, it still accounts for a substantial proportion of explained variance. The order of magnitude of associations was comparable to the strength of associations of known occupational risk factors. Odds ratios vary from 0.79 95% CI [0.73-0.86] to 1.12 95% CI [0.97-1.29] for dichotomous dependent variables. Regression coefficients vary from -0.22 95% CI [-0.28 to -0.17] to 0.07 95% CI [0.04-0.10] for metric dependent variables. Results suggest that good conflict solving skills, supervisor's work-planning ability, and a participative leadership style have the strongest predictive power regarding all health-related outcomes considered. Supervisor behaviour seems to play a non-negligible role from an occupational health perspective concerning the prevalence of musculoskeletal and psychosomatic symptoms. Results suggest that supervisor behaviour should be routinely assessed and monitored, especially among occupational groups reporting a lower quality of supervisor behaviours.

  8. Administrative Supervisors: A Qualitative Exploration of Their Perceived Role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Susan H; Lindgren, Teri

    2016-01-01

    The administrative supervisor, who is the nurse manager present on the night and weekend shifts, can be found in hospitals throughout the United States. Yet, very little research has been published about this role on weekend and night shifts in acute care hospitals. The objective of this qualitative research study was to gain a better understanding of the administrative supervisor role. In-depth interviews with administrative supervisors were conducted at acute care hospitals in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Thematic analysis was used to reduce the data and identify codes and themes. Administrative supervisors experience and described their role within a "different" hospital world on weekends and at night. The administrative supervisors consistently stated that they oversee and are responsible for staffing and patient flow, crisis management, and management support for the staff. That administrative supervision is a challenging position for nurses is particularly evident as researchers seek to obtain a better understanding of how nurse leaders make a difference. This research delineates these different supervisor role responsibilities to provide a better understanding of management during the "off-shift." Nurse leaders can utilize this information to assist in justifying the need for this shift management role at their institutions.

  9. Automated Milling Path Tracking and CAM-ROB Integration for Industrial Redundant Manipulators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Gracia

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The present paper explores the industrial capabilities of a CAM‐ROB system implementation based on a commercial CAD/CAM system (NX™ for an industrial robotic workcell of eight joints, committed to the rapid prototyping of 3D CAD‐defined models. The workcell consists of a KUKATM KR15/2 manipulator assembled on a linear track and synchronized with a rotary table. A redundancy resolution scheme is developed to deal with the redundancies due to the additional joints of the robot, plus the one from the symmetry axis of the milling tool. During the path tracking, the use of these redundancies is optimized by adjusting two performance criterion vectors related to singularity avoidance and maintenance of a preferred reference posture, as secondary tasks to be done. In addition, two suitable fuzzy inference engines adjust the weight of each joint in these tasks. The developed system is validated in a real prototyping of a carving.

  10. Aplicaciones demostrativas de robótica y visión

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Moran, Rafael

    2016-01-01

    El propósito de este proyecto es diseñar e implementar una demostración de visión artificial y robótica para mostrarla el día de jornada de puertas abiertas de la EUETIB. Se pretende ilustrar a las jóvenes generaciones una parte del conocimiento adquirido en el grado de Electrónica y Automática, con la finalidad de despertar el interés en realizar dicha carrera. La aplicación consiste en: Un usuario se sitúa delante de una cámara inteligente en la posición que él desea y se toma una cap...

  11. Exploring Supervisor-Related Job Resources as Mediators between Supervisor Conflict and Job Attitudes in Hospital Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achim Elfering

    2017-03-01

    Conclusion: Conflicts with supervisors are likely to reduce job resources and in turn to lower job attitudes. Work design in hospitals should, therefore, address interpersonal working conditions and conflict management in leadership development.

  12. The views of teachers about the ethical behaviors of Educational Supervisors and Ministry’s Supervisors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhayat Çelebi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research has to find out primary and high school teachers’ perceptions of supervisors’ ethical behavior. The model of the research was descriptive survey. The sampling of research was formed by 112 teachers working in Avcılar, Istanbul. 52 of those teachers are working in primary schools and the rest (60 were working in high schools. The measurement tool used in this research was developed by Akyıldız (2007 to measure teachers’ perceptions of ethical behavior. The scale has 37 items and formed as 5 items Likert type. Internal consistency of the scale was found .95. Factorial sub-dimensions’ item total correlation coefficients were between .75 and .70. The methods used in analysis process are factorial analysis, independent samples t test, two-way ANOVA, independent samples non-parametric Kruskal Wallis H, Mann Whitney-U. According to the results of factorial analysis, teachers’ perceptions of ethical behaviors were formed within 5 groups. These dimensions are: “professional moral”, “common sense”, “honesty”, “objectivity”, “responsibility”. Teachers’ perceptions were found out meaningfully different considering school type but didn’t different according to gender. Also, each factorial sub-dimension was examined and “objectivity, honesty and discourse ethics” sub-dimensions were found different according to job experience and honesty according to educational level. According to the results of the research, teachers found ministry’s supervisors more positive than educational supervisors

  13. Emprego de sistemas robóticos na cirurgia cardiovascular Robotic systems in cardiovascular surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto T. Sant'Anna

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available O desenvolvimento de sistemas robóticos para cirurgia teve início na década de 80, por solicitação do exército norte-americano, que antevia a possibilidade de realizar operações em teatros de guerra, distantes do local onde estava o cirurgião. Entretanto, o primeiro uso em humanos só ocorreu anos mais tarde, numa ressecção transuretral de hiperplasia benigna de próstata. Cirurgiões cardíacos foram logo atraídos pela técnica robótica devido a possível aplicação com reduzido caráter invasivo; esperava-se menor trauma cirúrgico e redução da dor, morbidade, tempo de internação e custo do procedimento. Atualmente, de forma restrita e em casos selecionados, robôs são usados para revascularização do miocárdio e implante de marcapasso em cirurgias cardíacas totalmente endoscópicas; podendo também constituir apoio visual na retirada de artéria torácica interna, reconstrução valvar mitral e correção de defeitos congênitos. Utilizando o robô auxiliar AESOP® para controle do videotoracoscópio, com controle vocal por meio do sistema HERMES®, temos realizado dissecção da artéria torácica interna, implante de eletrodo ventricular esquerdo e abordagem de defeitos congênitos na cirurgia de correção. Apesar do entusiasmo científico inicial com a cirurgia robótica, ainda não existe evidência clara de superioridade desta técnica em relação à operação convencional, em termos de resultado. Isto se aplica também ao custo, pois o investimento inicial na aquisição de sistema cirúrgico completo (console, controle de vídeo, instrumental provavelmente é compensado após muitos procedimentos e longo intervalo. Mas é certo que a cirurgia robótica terá um lugar no futuro, possibilitando aprendizagem, telepresença e realização de procedimentos pouco invasivos, embora complexos.The development of robotic systems for surgery started in the 80's, motivated by the US army's need for surgical procedure in

  14. Abusive supervision and workload demands from supervisors: exploring two types of supervisor-related stressors and their association with strain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Tsung-Yu; Hu, Changya; Yang, Chun-Chi

    2013-08-01

    Our study aimed to identify two types of stressors from supervisors: abusive supervision (AS) and workload demands from supervisors (WDS). AS reflects the relationship dimension of supervisor-related stressors, and WDS reflects the task dimension of supervisor-related stressors. In Study 1, we attempted to distinguish between AS and WDS. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that AS and WDS are two distinct dimensions of supervisor-related stressors. In Study 2, we utilized job demands-resources model and investigated whether AS and WDS can uniquely predict subordinates' emotional exhaustion (EE). We also explored whether perceived job characteristics (PJCs) have differential moderating effects on the relationships between the two dimensions of supervisor-related stressors (AS and WDS) and EE. Consistent with our predictions, the results showed that both AS and WDS have incremental predictive effects on EE after controlling for the effect of the other. The results also revealed that PJCs weaken the WDS-EE relationship, not the AS-EE relationship. We discussed the theoretical and practical implications at the end.

  15. Associations of Work Stress, Supervisor Unfairness, and Supervisor Inability to Speak Spanish with Occupational Injury among Latino Farmworkers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clouser, Jessica Miller; Bush, Ashley; Gan, Wenqi; Swanberg, Jennifer

    2017-06-22

    Little is known about how psychosocial work factors such as work stress, supervisor fairness, and language barriers affect risk of occupational injury among Latino farmworkers. This study attempts to address these questions. Surveys were administered via interviews to 225 Latino thoroughbred farmworkers. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to calculate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of occupational injury in the past year in relation to occupational characteristics. Work stress (OR 6.70, 95% CI 1.84-24.31), supervisor unfairness (OR 3.34, 95% CI 1.14-9.73), longer tenure at farm (OR 2.67, 95% CI 1.13-6.34), and supervisor inability to speak Spanish (OR 2.29, 95% CI 1.05-5.00) were significantly associated with increased odds of occupational injury. Due to the associations between work stress, supervisor unfairness, supervisor inability to speak Spanish and injury, supervisor training to improve Spanish language ability and equitable management practices is merited. Future research is needed to understand the antecedents of work stress for Latino farmworkers.

  16. Arquitectura de Control de una Plataforma Robótica sin Realimentación de Posición Articular para Cirugía Minimamente Invasiva

    OpenAIRE

    Rivas-Blanco, Irene; Muñoz, Víctor Fernando; García-Morales, Isabel; Tortora, Giuseppe; Menciassi, Arianna

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo presenta una plataforma robótica para cirugía mínimamente invasiva (CMI) compuesta por diferentes unidades robóticas miniaturizadas ancladas a una estructura magnética. El artículo describe las características hardware de la plataforma, así como la arquitectura de control maestro/esclavo que permite el manejo de dos unidades robóticas. El acoplamiento cinemático entre el maestro y el esclavo hace más intuitivo el sistema, haciendo posible que se maneje con destreza mediante dos d...

  17. Arquitectura de Control de una Plataforma Robótica sin Realimentación de Posición Articular para Cirugía Minimamente Invasiva

    OpenAIRE

    Rivas-Blanco, Irene; Muñoz, Víctor Fernando; García-Morales, Isabel; Tortora, Giuseppe; Menciassi, Arianna

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo presenta una plataforma robótica para cirugía mínimamente invasiva (CMI) compuesta por diferentes unidades robóticas miniaturizadas ancladas a una estructura magnética. El artículo describe las características hardware de la plataforma, así como la arquitectura de control maestro/esclavo que permite el manejo de dos unidades robóticas. El acoplamiento cinemático entre el maestro y el esclavo hace más intuitivo el sistema, haciendo posible que se maneje con destreza mediante dos d...

  18. MOECSW trains master trainers and supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    The Ministry of Education, Culture and Social Welfare (MOECSW), as part of the Population Education Programs (formal and informal), undertook a series of training programs to upgrade the knowledge and skills of master trainers, supervisors, and resource persons. As part of the Population Education in the Formal School Sector Project (NEP/93/P01), under the Curriculum Development Centre five training courses were organized to train 220 master trainers. Under the "Three Steps Training Strategy," these 220 master trainers would teach 825 secondary school headmasters who would reach 2025 secondary school teachers. The training courses were held in Dhangadi, April 23-27, 1995; in Pokhara, April 2-7; and in Biratnagar, February 20-24. The areas covered included: 1) the pedagogical aspect of population education (content, scope, objectives, nature, teaching methodologies); 2) demography and population dynamics (composition, distribution and density, sources of population data, demographic transition, consequences and determinants of population growth); 3) family life and adolescence and human sexuality education, including acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) education; 4) maternal and child health, and family planning; 5) environment; and 6) population policy and programs. As part of the Population Education Programme (NEP/93/P08), a Master Trainers Training Workshop was held in Makwanpur, March 26-28, 1995. These master trainers would train trainers who would train the facilitators and teachers at learning centers for adult learners under the literacy and post literacy programs. This course focused on the approaches and strategies for integrating population education in development programs, and non-formal education, adult literacy, post literacy, and out-of-school children programs. Dr. D. de Rebello and Mr. S. Hutabarat, CST Advisors on Population Education, organized the training courses and served as resource persons.

  19. Videocirurgia colorretal com assistência robótica: o próximo passo? Robotic assisted colorrectal surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Eduardo Alonso Araujo

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O desenvolvimento de técnicas minimamente invasivas é um dos mais importantes avanços da cirurgia colorretal. A assistência robótica integra o arsenal de técnicas em cirurgia minimamente invasiva, e vem sendo aplicado em cirurgia colorretal por um restrito grupo de cirurgiões em alguns centros ao redor do mundo com resultados iniciais que merecem atenção. O objetivo do presente estudo é analisar os resultados do emprego da assistência robótica em videocirurgia colorretal. Dentre as vantagens associadas ao emprego de robôs em videocirurgia colorretal, figuram o incremento na precisão dos movimentos e a visão tridimensional. A experiência clínica é ainda pequena, e advém de uma série de casos e estudos comparativos com a videocirurgia colorretal sem assistência robótica com ainda pequeno número de casos. A dissecção pélvica com incremento da preservação autonômica parece ser a maior vantagem associada à assistência robótica em videocirurgia colorretal. Somente através do treinamento de um número mais representativo de cirurgiões colorretais, bem como com a expansão da experiência clínica será possível prever com maior precisão o papel da assistência robótica em videocirurgia colorretal.The development of minimally invasive surgical techniques represents an important aspect of modern surgical research. Robot-assisted minimally invasive colorectal surgery represents a way of assisting laparoscopic colorectal procedures. Robotic technology overcomes some of these limitations by successfully providing intuitive motion and enhanced precision and accuracy, in an environment that is much more ergonomic. A restrict number of surgeons in specialized centers around the world have been applying robotics. In this review, current evidence about different technologies and its place in colorectal surgery is evaluated. The feasibility of performing robot-assisted colorectal operations has been demonstrated though case

  20. Supervisor's role in training programs as a manager of learning program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available According to the training literature, a supervisor's role in training programs has two major elements: supervisor support and supervisor communication. The ability of supervisors to play effective roles in training programs may increase employees' motivation to learn. The nature of this relationship is interesting, but the role of supervisor's role as a predicting variable is less emphasized in a training program models. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the effect of supervisor's role in training programs on motivation to learn using 152 usable questionnaires gathered from non-academic employees who have worked in a technological based public university, Malaysia. The outcomes of stepwise regression analysis showed that the supervisor support and supervisor communication significantly associated with motivation to learn. Statistically, this result demonstrates that supervisor's role in training programs does act as an important predictor of motivation to learn in the organizational sample. In addition, discussion, implication and conclusion are elaborated.

  1. Supervisor perspectives on the summative in-training assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarff, Catherine E; Bearman, Margaret; Corderoy, Robert M

    2016-05-01

    Assessment is a fundamental component of medical education and exists in many formats. In-training assessments are one such example and they serve to provide feedback to learners about their performance during a period of clinical attachment. However, in addition to trainee knowledge and performance, many factors influence the assessment given to a trainee. This study used an anonymous survey to investigate the perceptions of supervisors of the influences on their assessments of Australian dermatology trainees, focusing on the summative in-training assessment (SITA) format. A response rate of 41% was achieved. The importance of reporting underperformance and providing feedback to trainees was agreed on, but current limitations in the ability of the tool to do this were noted. Implications for practice are discussed including the education and support of supervisors, consideration of logistical issues, the process of SITA completion and supervisor appointment. Further research into the impact of supervisor concerns about potential challenges to a judgement and hesitations about making negative comments about a trainee are required. Examination of the trainee perspective is also required. Quality feedback is essential for learners to guide and improve their performance. Supervisors face many potential influences on their assessments and if these are too great, they may jeopardise the quality of the assessment given. Attention to highlighted areas may serve to improve the process, so allowing trainees to develop into the best clinicians they can be. © 2015 The Australasian College of Dermatologists.

  2. Enhancing nurses' empowerment: the role of supervisors' empowering management practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montani, Francesco; Courcy, François; Giorgi, Gabriele; Boilard, Amélie

    2015-09-01

    This study tests a theoretical model where: (a) nurses' dispositional resistance to change is indirectly negatively related to behavioural empowerment through the mediating role of psychological empowerment; and (b) supervisors' empowering management practices buffer both the negative relationship between dispositional resistance to change and psychological empowerment and the indirect negative relationship between resistance to change and behavioural empowerment via psychological empowerment. Promoting a high level of empowerment among nursing personnel is important to ensure their effectiveness in the context of organizational change. It is thus essential to advance our current understanding of the factors that hamper nurses' psychological and behavioural expressions of empowerment and to clarify supervisor practices that can overcome such barriers. A cross-sectional research design. We collected survey data during 2012 from a sample of 197 nurses from a Canadian hospital undergoing a major organizational change. Results from moderated mediation analyses provided evidence for an indirect negative relationship between dispositional resistance to change and behavioural empowerment through psychological empowerment, and for a moderating (buffering) effect of supervisors' empowering management practices on this mediated relationship. These findings provided support for our hypotheses. Supervisors' empowering management practices represent an important contextual buffer against the negative effects of dispositional resistance to change on nurses' empowerment. Organizations should develop empowering management skills among nurses' supervisors to counteract the detrimental effects of dispositional resistance to change and to sustain an empowered nursing workforce. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. MarA, SoxS and Rob function as virulence factors in an Escherichia coli murine model of ascending pyelonephritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casaz, Paul; Garrity-Ryan, Lynne K; McKenney, David; Jackson, Caroline; Levy, Stuart B; Tanaka, S Ken; Alekshun, Michael N

    2006-12-01

    MarA, SoxS and Rob are transcription factors belonging to the AraC family. While these proteins have been associated historically with control of multiple antibiotic resistance, and tolerance to oxidative stress agents and organic solvents, only a paucity of experimental data support a role in regulating virulence. Clinical Escherichia coli isolates, and isogenic strains lacking marA, soxS and rob, were studied in a murine model of ascending pyelonephritis, which is a clinically relevant model of urinary tract infection. Organisms lacking all three transcription factors (triple knockouts) were significantly less virulent than parental strains, and complementation studies demonstrated that the addition of marA, soxS and rob individually restored wild-type virulence in the triple-knockout strain. Deletion of soxS or rob alone was more detrimental than the removal of marA. Thus, all three proteins contribute to virulence in vivo.

  4. The views of teachers about the ethical behaviors of Educational Supervisors and Ministry’s Supervisors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhayat Çelebi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false TR X-NONE X-NONE The aim of this research has to find out primary and high school teachers’ perceptions of supervisors’ ethical behaviour. The model of the research was descriptive survey. The sampling of research was formed by 112 teachers working in Avcılar, Istanbul. 52 of those teachers are working in primary schools and the rest (60 were working in high schools. The measurement tool used in this research was developed by Akyıldız (2007 to measure teachers’ perceptions of ethical behaviour. The scale has 37 items and formed as 5 items Likert type. Internal consistency of the scale was found .95. Factorial sub-dimensions’ item total correlation coefficients were between .75 and .70. The methods used in analysis process are factorial analysis, independent samples t test, two-way ANOVA, independent samples non-parametric Kruskal Wallis H, Mann Whitney-U. According to the results of factorial analysis, teachers’ perceptions of ethhical behaviours were formed within 5 groups. These dimensions are: “professional moral”, “common sense”, “honesty”, “objectivity”, “responsibility”. Teachers’ perceptions were found out meaningfully different considering school type but didn’t different according to gender. Also, each factorial sub-dimension was examined and “objectivity, honesty and discourse ethics” sub-dimensions were found different according to job experience, and honesty according to educational level. According to the results of the research, teachers found ministry’s supervisors more positive than educational supervisors.

  5. Robotic rectosigmoidectomy: pioneer case report in Brazil. Current scene in colorectal robotic surgery Retossigmoidectomia laparoscópica robô-assistida: relato de caso pioneiro no Brasil. Panorama atual da cirurgia robótica colorretal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Averbach

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is believed to be technically and oncologically feasible. Robotic surgery is an attractive mode in performing minimally-invasive surgery once it has several advantages if compared to standard laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this paper is to report the first known case of colorectal resection surgery using the robotic assisted surgical device in Brazil. A 35-year-old woman with deep infiltrating endometriosis with rectal involvement was referred for colorectal resection using da Vinci® surgical system. The authors also reviewed the most current series and discussed not only the safety and feasibility but also the real benefits of robotic colorectal surgeryA cirurgia laparoscópica colorretal é considerada tecnicamente factível e segura, com resultados oncológicos comparáveis à cirurgia aberta. A cirurgia robótica é uma atraente modalidade de cirurgia minimamente invasiva, com algumas vantagens claras sobre a laparoscopia convencional. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever a experiência pioneira da cirurgia colorretal robô-assistida no Brasil. A paciente de 35 anos operada com auxílio do sistema da Vinci® tinha endometriose profunda, com envolvimento do reto. É feita ampla revisão da literatura, discutindo não apenas a indicação e segurança da cirurgia robótica colorretal, mas também seus reais benefícios

  6. Projeto e construção de um robô cartesiano com acionamento pneumático

    OpenAIRE

    Claudio Fernando Rios

    2009-01-01

    O presente trabalho trata do projeto, construção e análise de desempenho de um robô pneumático com três graus de liberdade. Foi fundamentado no trabalho de Frasson (2007) com alterações na escolha de componentes que permitissem a redução de custos. Tem como objetivo verificar se um robô comandado por válvulas solenóide rápidas, e controlado pela técnica baseada em modos deslizantes (Slide Mode Control), tem desempenho adequado para permitir sua aplicação em processos industriais. Os testes ef...

  7. Estimativa do estado de carga de baterias em robôs móveis autônomos

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Cada vez mais robôs móveis autônomos estão sendo utilizados em diversas tarefas e em ambientes com elevado risco para atividades humanas que a paralisação de suas atividades podem gerar outros riscos, perdas e elevados custos. Assim, o estado de carga (SOC) de sistemas de baterias em robôs móveis autônomos é um parâmetro importante na prevenção de uma falha primária nessa aplicação, a ausência de energia. Este trabalho apresenta os métodos existentes na literatura para a determinação do estad...

  8. TEM-1 AND ROB-1 PRESENCE AND ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE IN HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE STRAINS, ISTANBUL, TURKEY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuvat, Nuray; Nazik, Hasan; Berkiten, Rahmiye; Öngen, Betigül

    2015-03-01

    Resistance of 235 Haemophilus influenzae clinical isolates from Istanbul Medical Faculty Hospital, Turkey were determined against 19 antibiotics by disc diffusion method, and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of those found resistant to ampicillin, cefuroxim, chloramphenicol and meropenem were measured using E-test. Ampicillin-resistant isolates producing beta-lactamase as demonstrated by a nitrocefin assay were analyzed for the presence of TEM-1 and ROB-1 genes by PCR. Eleven percent of the isolates were resistant to ampicillin (10 µg/ml), of which 73% were beta-lactamase positive and carried TEM-1 gene, but none were positive for ROB-1 gene. All isolates susceptible to amoxicillin-clavulanate (20/10 µg/ml), azithromycin (15 µg/ml), aztreonam (30 µg/ml), cefotaxime (30 µg/ml), ceftriaxone (30 µg/ml), ciprofloxacin (5 µg/ml), levofloxacin (5 µg/ml), and telithromycin (15 µg/ml) but 24%, 15%, 4%, 4%, 2%, 1%, 1%, 0.5%, 0.5% and 0.5% were resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (1.25/23.75 µg/ml), tetracycline (30 µg/ml), cefaclor (30 µg/ml), clarithromycin (15 µg/ml), cefuroxime (30 µg/ml), meropenem (10 µg/ml), chloramphenicol (30 µg/ml), ampicillin-sulbactam (10/10 µg/ml), nalidixic acid (30 µg/ml), and fosfomycin (30 µg/ml), respectively. MIC values of three cefuroxime-resistant isolates was 24, 48 and > 256 µg/ml, respectively; of two meropenem-resistant strains > 256 µg/ml; and of two chloramphenicol-susceptible isolates (by disc diffusion method) 6 µg/ml (considered as intermediate susceptible). Multiple- antibiotics resistance was detected in 15% of the strains, with resistance to 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 antibiotics in 8.5%, 4%, 2%, 0.5% and 0.5% of the isolates, respectively. By identifying beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant H. influenzae, empirical therapy with beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations and second generation cephalosporins would be inappropriate for such patients (approximately 3%). Our findings will

  9. Preferential nectar robbing of flowers with long corollas: experimental studies of two hummingbird species visiting three plant species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara, Carlos; Ornelas, Juan

    2001-07-01

    Long flower tubes have been traditionally viewed as the result of coevolution between plants and specialized, legitimate, long billed-pollinators. However, nectar robbers may have played a role in selection acting on corolla length. This study evaluated whether hummingbirds are more likely to rob flowers with longer corollas from which they cannot efficiently extract nectar with legitimate visits. We compared two hummingbird species with similar bill lengths (Lampornis amethystinus and Colibri thalassinus) visiting floral arrays of artificial flowers with exaggerated corolla lengths, and also evaluated how the birds extract nectar rewards from medium to long corollas of three hummingbird-pollinated plants (Salvia mexicana, S. iodantha and Ipomoea hederifolia). The consequences of foraging for plant fitness were evaluated in terms of seed production per flower. Variation in seed production after legitimate visits of hummingbird-pollinated plants was mostly explained by differences in pollinator effectiveness. Seed production did not increase with the number of legitimate visits to a flower, except in I. hederifolia. We found that birds were more likely to rob both artificial and natural flowers with long corolla tubes. Nectar robbing was not observed on short-corolla flowers of Salvia spp., but robbing negatively affected seed production of long-tubed flowers of I. hederifolia. Significant differences between hummingbird species in the use of this behavior were observed, but males and females behaved alike. We suggest that short-billed hummingbirds with enlarged bill serrations (the edge of both tomia finely toothed) may have an advantage in illegitimately feeding at long-corolla flowers. This raises the possibility of counter-selection on increasing corolla length by nectar robbers.

  10. Supervisor leadership in relation to resident job satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Wal, Martha A; Schönrock-Adema, Johanna; Scheele, Fedde; Schripsema, Nienke R; Jaarsma, A Debbie C; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke

    2016-08-01

    Research from outside the medical field shows that leadership behaviours influence job satisfaction. Whether the same is true for the medical training setting needs to be explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of residents' overall appreciation of their supervisor's leadership and observation of specific supervisor leadership behaviours on job satisfaction. We invited residents (N = 117) to rate how often they observed certain task and relation-oriented leadership behaviours in their supervisor and overall appreciation of their supervisor's leadership. Furthermore, they rated their satisfaction with 13 different aspects of their jobs on a 10-point scale. Using exploratory factor analysis we identified four factors covering different types of job satisfaction aspects: personal growth, autonomy, affective, and instrumental job satisfaction aspects. Influence of overall appreciation for supervisor leadership and observation of certain leadership behaviours on these job satisfaction factors were analysed using multiple regression analyses. The affective aspects of job satisfaction were positively influenced by overall appreciation of leadership (B = 0.792, p = 0.017), observation of specific instructions (B = 0.972, p = 0.008) and two-way communication (B = 1.376, p = 0.008) and negatively by mutual decision-making (B = -1.285, p = 0.007). No effects were found for the other three factors of job satisfaction. We recommend that supervisors become more aware of whether and how their behaviours influence residents' job satisfaction. Especially providing specific instructions and using two-way communication seem important to help residents deal with their insecurities and to offer them support.

  11. Prototipo de mano robótica antropométrica sub-actuada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Aarón Pérez Romero

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo describe la metodología utilizada para obtener el prototipo funcional de una mano robótica considerando características antropométricas, a partir del procesamiento que aportan información para el desarrollo del estudio analítico de la síntesis de un mecanismo sub-actuado de cuatro barras, adecuado para la generación de trayectorias óptimas para efectuar la operación de sujeción de objetos en forma puntual, palmar, lateral, cilíndrica y esférica. En este sentido, la diversidad de movimientos que ejecuta el dispositivo además de su capacidad para adaptarse a diversos componentes auxiliares, mismos que realizan la función de unión con el muñón del miembro amputado, por lo que es posible que el sistema diseñado sea aplicable como prótesis. En este sentido, con esta propuesta se obtiene un prototipo funcional con características versátiles óptimas para la manipulación de objetos con diferentes geometrías que tomando en cuenta la funcionalidad del sistema, aportan también apariencia y simetría con el cuerpo humano.

  12. A patient safety curriculum for medical residents based on the perspectives of residents and supervisors.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansma, J.D.; Wagner, C.; Bijnen, A.B.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: To develop a patient safety course for medical residents based on the views of medical residents and their supervisors. Methods: In 2007, questionnaires were distributed to investigate residents' and supervisors' perspectives on the current patient safety performance and educational

  13. Implementation of the participatory approach for supervisors to prevent sick leave : a process evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kraaijeveld, R. A.; Schaafsma, F. G.; Ketelaar, S.M.; Boot, C. R. L.; Bultmann, U.; Anema, J. R.

    2016-01-01

    To perform a process evaluation of a multifaceted strategy to implement the participatory approach for supervisors to prevent sick leave in three organisations. The implementation strategy incorporated a working group meeting with stakeholder representatives, supervisor training, and optional superv

  14. Supervisors' and residents' patient-education competency in challenging outpatient consultations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wouda, Jan C.; van de Wiel, Harry B. M.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: We compared supervisors' and residents' patient-education competency in challenging consultations in order to establish whether supervisors demonstrate sufficient patient-education competency to act credibly as role models and coaches for residents. Methods: All consultations conducted a

  15. The Relation Between Supervisors' Big Five Personality Traits and Employees' Experiences of Abusive Supervision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camps, Jeroen; Stouten, Jeroen; Euwema, Martin

    2016-01-01

    The present study investigates the relation between supervisors' personality traits and employees' experiences of supervisory abuse, an area that - to date - remained largely unexplored in previous research. Field data collected from 103 supervisor-subordinate dyads showed that contrary to our expectations supervisors' agreeableness and neuroticism were not significantly related to abusive supervision, nor were supervisors' extraversion or openness to experience. Interestingly, however, our findings revealed a positive relation between supervisors' conscientiousness and abusive supervision. That is, supervisors high in conscientiousness were more likely to be perceived as an abusive supervisor by their employees. Overall, our findings do suggest that supervisors' Big Five personality traits explain only a limited amount of the variability in employees' experiences of abusive supervision.

  16. SIMULASI NUMERIK GELOMBANG (SPECTRAL WAVES DAN BENCANA ROB MENGGUNAKAN FLEXIBLE MESH DAN DATA ELEVATION MODEL DI PERAIRAN KECAMATAN SAYUNG, DEMAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koko Ondara

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Pesisir Kecamatan Sayung merupakan wilayah abrasi di Kabupaten Demak yang terkena dampak paling parah dari kenaikan muka air laut. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui dinamika gelombang yang terjadi pada setiap kondisi pasang surut dan pengaruhnya terhadap rob serta overtopping yang terjadi. Metode penelitian adalah deskriptif kuantitatif menggunakan persamaan numerik, simulasi MIKE 21 dan model elevasi ArcGis. Hs tahun 2016 pada pasang purnama 0,015 – 0,359 m dan pada surut purnama 0,009 – 0,358 m. Hasil pengolahan data menunjukkan ada perbedaan yang drastis genangan yang terjadi pada saat pasang dan surut. Luas area model genangan rob pada tahun 2016 sebesar 7200,36 Ha. Untuk jarak terjauh genangan rob dari garis pantai pada tahun 2016 sejauh 10826,7 m. Terdapat peningkatan tinggi gelombang termasuk kondisi pasut purnama dan perbani tiap tahunnya. Hal ini menunjukkan abrasi terjadi di pengaruhi oleh kikisan gelombang yang terjadi secara terus-menerus. Kenaikan muka air laut yang terjadi setiap tahunnya berbanding terbalik dengan luas genangan yang dihasilkan, sehingga perlu dilakukan tindakan yang preventif pada proses tata kelola ruang pesisir.  Kata kunci: model elevasi, gelombang, model numerik, banjir rob, SayungNUMERICAL SIMULATION OF SPECTRAL WAVES AND ROB DISASTER USING FLEXIBLE MESH AND DATA ELEVATION MODEL IN WATERS OF SAYUNG DISTRICT, DEMAKCoastline area in subdistrict Sayung is an abrasion area in Demak which has the worst affected of sea level rise. The purpose of this study to determine the wave dynamics that occur in any tidal conditions and their effects on tidal flood and overtopping happened. The research method is quantitative descriptive using numerical equations, MIKE 21 simulation and ArcGIS elevation models. Hs 2016 on a tide 0.015 to 0.359 m and in full retroactively from 0.009 to 0.358 m. The results of data processing showed no drastic difference puddle that occur at high tide and low tide. The area of tidal

  17. SUPERVISORS' TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND BULLYING IN THE WORKPLACE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dussault, Marc; Frenette, Éric

    2015-12-01

    The study tests the relationship between supervisors' transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership and perceived bullying in the workplace. Transformational and transactional leaders can create conditions that make bullying at work less frequent but laissez-faire leadership may cause conflict that can result in bullying. The participants were 288 adults (122 women, 164 men; M age = 38.9 yr., SD = 11.7; M tenure = 7.2 yr.) employed across several organizations. Of the participants, 53.2% were contacted during an evening class in organizational behavior, and the others were workers from a waterproofing company. Scales measuring perceived leadership of a supervisor and perceived bullying at work were administered. Supervisor's transformational and transactional leadership were negatively related to work-related bullying, person-related bullying, and physically intimidating bullying. Transactional leadership was also negatively related to Work-related bullying, perceived Person-related bullying, and perceived Physically intimidating bullying. Supervisor's laissez-faire leadership was positively related to Work-related bullying, perceived Person-related bullying, and perceived Physically intimidating bullying. The use of Bass's model of transformational leadership in relation with the three-factor structure of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised is unique in research on leadership and bullying. The relationship between laissez-faire leadership and leadership support results from previous studies: transactional or transformational leadership is likely to provide an environment that makes bullying more rare than under a negative or passive leadership.

  18. Trends in Industry Supervisors' Feedback on Business Communication Internships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapp, David Alan; Zhang, Qin

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this empirical study is to explore expectations of industry insiders and identify how student interns are performing in relation to those expectations as defined by 11 performance areas. The results of a survey of 238 industry supervisors were collected over a 5-year period in the departments of English and communication at a…

  19. TESL Degree Candidates' Perceptions of Trust in Supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamberlin, Carla R.

    2000-01-01

    Reports on a study of how nonverbal cues during supervision affect Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL) graduate students' impressions of the trustworthiness of supervisors. Particular features of nonverbal communication during supervision were staged in video materials constructed specifically for the research. Students evaluated the…

  20. EAP Referrals: From Supervisor Training to Client Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Rob; Colan, Neil

    For several decades Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs) have been a resource in the workplace to handle troubled employees. The areas of supervisor training and employee motivation provide opportunities for involvement of psychologists in the EAP field. Surveys conducted with EAP directors revealed that many programs are planning to do supervisor…

  1. Skills and Attributes of Instructional Supervisors: Experience from Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachariah, Wanzare O.

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, instructional supervision has been given a great deal of attention in teacher education professional literature. However, few reported studies have specifically focused on desired qualities of instructional supervisors, especially in Third World countries. This paper reports the perceptions of teachers, headteachers and senior…

  2. Trends in Industry Supervisors' Feedback on Business Communication Internships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapp, David Alan; Zhang, Qin

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this empirical study is to explore expectations of industry insiders and identify how student interns are performing in relation to those expectations as defined by 11 performance areas. The results of a survey of 238 industry supervisors were collected over a 5-year period in the departments of English and communication at a…

  3. 42 CFR 493.1449 - Standard; Technical supervisor qualifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Testing Laboratories Performing High Complexity Testing § 493.1449 Standard; Technical supervisor qualifications. The laboratory must employ one or more individuals who are qualified by education and either... service in which the laboratory performs high complexity tests or procedures. The director of a laboratory...

  4. Food Service Supervisor. Dietetic Support Personnel Achievement Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater.

    This guide contains a series of multiple-choice items and guidelines to assist instructors in composing criterion-referenced tests for use in the food service supervisor component of Oklahoma's Dietetic Support Personnel training program. Test items addressing each of the following occupational duty areas are provided: human relations; nutrient…

  5. Style and Quality in Research Supervision: The Supervisor Dependency Factor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kam, Booi Hon

    1997-01-01

    A survey of 250 graduate research students examined the extent of dependency on supervisors in a range of research-related tasks, and how that dependency affected the research supervision process. Results suggest appropriate research supervision has no set prescription, but interactions among quality and style of supervision, role expectations of…

  6. Teachers' Loyalty to Their Supervisors and Organizational Commitment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çelebi, Nurhayat; Korumaz, Mithat

    2016-01-01

    A number of studies on teachers' organizational commitment based some findings of western context in Turkey. But some of the characteristics prove that organizational issues cannot be resulted with the terms in Western World. One of the new concepts in organizational issues for Eastern culture is loyalty to supervisor (in school context supervisor…

  7. Business Education University Supervisors' Perspectives of Mentor Teachers' Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Edward C., Jr.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the perspectives of an expert panel of 31 business education university supervisors from the U.S. and Canada using a modified Delphi approach regarding the areas in which mentor teachers are typically most and least prepared. Findings indicated business education mentor teachers are most prepared in the areas of classroom…

  8. Exploring Supervisor and Supervisee Experiences of Triadic Supervision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derrick, Emily C.

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation research focused on supervisor and supervisee experiences within the triadic supervision triad. Triadic supervision is an emerging method of supervision within counselor education. It is fast becoming the preferred mode of supervision in counselor education programs. Unfortunately, there is very little research to support the…

  9. Cognitions of Expert Supervisors in Academe: A Concept Mapping Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemer, Gülsah; Borders, L. DiAnne; Willse, John

    2014-01-01

    Eighteen expert supervisors reported their thoughts while preparing for, conducting, and evaluating their supervision sessions. Concept mapping (Kane & Trochim, [Kane, M., 2007]) yielded 195 cognitions classified into 25 cognitive categories organized into 5 supervision areas: conceptualization of supervision, supervisee assessment,…

  10. A Supervisor's Roles for Successful Thesis and Dissertation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mhunpiew, Nathara

    2013-01-01

    The success of a thesis or a dissertation for a graduate student relies upon the roles of their supervisor. The student not only needs to be equipped with the knowledge, but also be able to manage others and external factors at the same time. The journey during the period of conducting research is mixed with various tasks. Five supportive roles of…

  11. Adaptive Research Supervision: Exploring Expert Thesis Supervisors' Practical Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Kleijn, Renske A. M.; Meijer, Paulien C.; Brekelmans, Mieke; Pilot, Albert

    2015-01-01

    Several researchers have suggested the importance of being responsive to students' needs in research supervision. Adapting support strategies to students' needs in light of the goals of a task is referred to as "adaptivity." In the present study, the practice of adaptivity is explored by interviewing expert thesis supervisors about…

  12. Leadership Effectiveness : A Supervisor's Approach to Manage Return to Work

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, J. A. H.; Groothoff, J. W.; Jongsma, D.; van Zweeden, N. F.; van der Klink, J. J. L.; Roelen, C. A. M.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose To investigate adaptive leadership in relation to personnel sickness absence (SA). In situational leadership, supervisors are effective if they adapt their leadership style appropriately to a given situation. Methods A managerial reorganization in a Dutch hospital with reassignment of superv

  13. Female Supervisors of Arab School Education in Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arar, Khalid Husny

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the characteristics of women discipline supervisors in the Arab education system in Israel, through their professional development to their attainment of senior supervisory posts. It examines how they attain supervision posts and perform various managerial functions in what is considered a male role, in a patriarchal society,…

  14. Exploring differential effects of supervisor support on transfer of training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijman, D.J.J.M.; Nijhof, W.J.; Wognum, A.A.M.; Veldkamp, B.P.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this article is to provide further insight into the relationship between supervisor support and transfer of training, by taking into account the effects of other transfer‐influencing factors in a systemic approach of the transfer process. Design/methodology/approach – A rev

  15. Educational Supervisors' Metaphorical Roots of Beliefs about Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buaraphan, Khajornsak

    2012-01-01

    Beliefs are a complex psychological construct that have potential to drive a person to make decisions and act. A person's metaphors can serve as roots of their beliefs. In this study, the metaphor construction task (MCT) was utilized to uncover beliefs about teaching and learning held by 216 educational supervisors from 10 provinces in the central…

  16. The Supervisor and On-the-Job Training. Fourth Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadwell, Martin M.

    This training book is designed to help supervisors give accurate and effective on-the-job training (OJT) to employees under their supervision. Chapter 1 identifies good and bad training and good and bad reasons for training. Chapter 2 examines human learning and three motivators: desire for reward, fear of punishment, and curiosity. Chapter 3…

  17. Consistency of Supervisor and Peer Ratings of Assessment Interviews Conducted by Psychology Trainees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonsalvez, Craig J.; Deane, Frank P.; Caputi, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Observation of counsellor skills through a one-way mirror, video or audio recording followed by supervisors and peers feedback is common in counsellor training. The nature and extent of agreement between supervisor-peer dyads are unclear. Using a standard scale, supervisors and peers rated 32 interviews by psychology trainees observed through a…

  18. Nonverbal Behaviors and Initial Impressions of Trustworthiness in Teacher-Supervisor Relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamberlin, Carla R.

    2000-01-01

    Investigates the relationship between nonverbal behaviors of immediacy and dominance on teachers' initial impressions of trust toward a supervisor. Notes that supervisor immediacy resulted in higher perceptions of trust than supervisor dominance, and immediacy also rated higher on measures of appropriateness and effectiveness than dominance.…

  19. Teacher Supervision Practices and Characteristics of In-School Supervisors in Uganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalule, Lawrence; Bouchamma, Yamina

    2014-01-01

    We examined teacher supervision practices (supervision models, phases, and professional development guidelines) of in-school supervisors (principals, vice principals, and study program directors) in Uganda, the supervisors' efficacy perceptions regarding teacher supervision, and supervisor characteristics associated with the choice of supervisory…

  20. 30 CFR 250.175 - When may the Regional Supervisor grant an SOO?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When may the Regional Supervisor grant an SOO... When may the Regional Supervisor grant an SOO? (a) The Regional Supervisor may grant an SOO when... your control, such as unexpected weather, unavoidable accidents, or drilling rig delays. (b) The...

  1. 30 CFR 250.173 - When may the Regional Supervisor direct an SOO or SOP?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When may the Regional Supervisor direct an SOO or SOP? 250.173 Section 250.173 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... § 250.173 When may the Regional Supervisor direct an SOO or SOP? The Regional Supervisor may direct...

  2. 42 CFR 493.1467 - Condition: Laboratories performing high complexity testing; cytology general supervisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... testing; cytology general supervisor. 493.1467 Section 493.1467 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE....1467 Condition: Laboratories performing high complexity testing; cytology general supervisor. For the subspecialty of cytology, the laboratory must have a general supervisor who meets the qualification...

  3. Analysis of spatial correlation between the phenomenon land subsidence and rob (tidal inundation) using sentinel-1 SAR, GPS and geological data in Semarang city-Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasetyo, Yudo; Fahrudin, Islam, Lukman Juhdi Fahri

    2017-07-01

    Semarang city is the capital of Central Java province that is experiencing growth and rapid urban growth. But as the development, Semarang indicated experiencing the phenomenon of land subsidence. This happens because the geological structure of the city of Semarang is formed of young alluvial deposits in which still allows the compaction can cause ground subsidence. In addition, groundwater extraction also contributed in the process of land subsidence in the city of Semarang. Other problems are more widespread and increasing phenomenon of tidal inundation (rob) in some areas that were previously normal. The phenomenon of land subsidence and inundation becomes one inhibiting the rate of development progress Semarang. This study aimed to explore the spatial correlation between the appearances of the widespread phenomenon of robs inundation to the level of land subsidence in the area of Semarang. Hypotheses are constructed in this study that the increasing value of land subsidence will provide significant implications for the spread of rob area in the city of Semarang. The method used is the analysis of the spatial correlation between the data processing results of sentinel-1 SAR using DINSAR method between the years 2015-2016, GPS observation data between the years 2015-2016 and geological data in the form of hydrogeology, underground and ground rock distribution also geology structure data. These data are processed simultaneously, including a compilation of the field validation method for determining the distribution of rob inundation and anticipates the new rob area. The results are analyzed in a spatial to see whether the emergence of a new robs area has a significant correlation to the increase in value of land subsidence in that area. In general, the land subsidence in Semarang based methods DINSAR and GPS ranges around 0.07 to 0.21 m/yr with standard deviation around 0.03 m. Expected results of this study can help Semarang city governments in anticipation of

  4. Studies of the relationship between employee`s safety consciousness, morale, and supervisor`s leadership in nuclear power plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Misumi, Jyuji; Hiraki, Tadao; Sakurai, Yukihiro [Institute of Nuclear Safety System Inc., Kyoto (Japan); Yoshida, Michio; Misumi, Emiko; Tokudome, Eiji

    1996-09-01

    This study examined the relationship between employee`s safety consciousness, morale, and supervisor`s leadership using multiple regression analysis. Respondents were 2152 male employees who were working at nuclear power plants (operation division, maintenance division, and joint companies). Main results were as follows. (1) Individual morale variables, such as `work motivation` and `mental hygine`, were correlated with leadership M behavior rather than with P behavior. On the other hand, group morale variables, such as `teamwork` and `meeting quality`, were correlated with both P and M behavior. These results shows P and M leadership affect the employee`s morale. (2) With regard to safety consciousness variables, `communication` and `work place norm` to ensure safety were strongly correlated to leadership both P and M behavior. However, neither `sense of tension to ensure safety` nor `experiencing cold shiver` were related to leadership P or M behavior. It was suggested that practices for accidents prevention in workplace are related to supervisor`s P and M leadership behavior. (3) `Sense of tension` to ensure safety and `experiencing cold shiver` were negatively correlated with `mental hygine`, but positively correlated with `work motivation`. These results suggest that increase of the work motivation might improve employee`s awareness and ability for detecting human errors. (author)

  5. The Supervisor as a Catalyst for Change: A Comparative Study on the Role of the Foreign Language and Science Supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papalia, Anthony; Doran, Rodney L.

    This survey was designed to determine the academic background, extra salary, released time, duties, and responsibilities of the foreign language and science supervisors employed by the public secondary schools in Western New York and to identify the role they play in the improvement of instruction. More than 70 completed questionnaires serve as…

  6. Exploring Supervisor-Related Job Resources as Mediators between Supervisor Conflict and Job Attitudes in Hospital Employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfering, Achim; Gerhardt, Christin; Grebner, Simone; Müller, Urs

    2017-03-01

    Conservation of resources theory assumes loss of resources as a cause of job strain. In hospital work, conflicts with supervisors are tested to predict lower resources, that is, supervisory social support, participation possibilities, and appreciation. All three resources are expected to predict, in turn, experienced stress (job strain) and lower job satisfaction, lower affective commitment, and a higher resigned attitude towards the job (job attitudes). The sample included 1,073 employees from 14 Swiss hospitals (n = 604 nurses, n = 81 physicians, n = 135 medical therapists, and n = 253 technical and administrative staff). Of the total sample, 83.1% were female and 38.9% worked full-time. The median tenure was between 7 years and 10 years. Constructs were assessed by online questionnaires. Structural equation modeling was used to test mediation. Structural equation modeling confirmed the negative association of conflict with supervisors and job resources. Tests of indirect paths to resources as a link between conflicts with supervisors and job attitudes were significant. For nurses, social support, participation and appreciation showed a significant indirect path, while among medical technicians the indirect paths included social support and appreciation, and among physicians only appreciation showed a significant indirect path. In medical therapists no indirect path was significant. Job resources did not mediate the link between conflict with supervisors and stress in any occupational group. Conflicts with supervisors are likely to reduce job resources and in turn to lower job attitudes. Work design in hospitals should, therefore, address interpersonal working conditions and conflict management in leadership development.

  7. Morpho-anatomical and fingerprinting study of Vernonanthura patens (Kunth H. Rob.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia I. Manzano

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Context: The specie Vernonanthura patens (Kunth H. Rob. (Asteraceae is a South American native wild bush that grows in various provinces of Ecuador and it has been used in traditional medicine for several diseases, highliting its use in treatment of leishmaniasis, a condition of high incidence in the country. Despite its medicinal use, there are few or none botanic, chemical nor biological studies for this species. Aims: In this paper it were comprised the morpho-anatomical characterization of leaves and stems and genetic identification of a DNA fraction of the leaves of V. patens, in order to provide the elements for proper characterization and contribute to the establishment of quality control. Methods: The macromorphological description was made in leaves and stems from the fresh plant. The micromorphological evaluation was performed by paraffin inclusion of the material with cross-section that were clarify in sodium hypochlorite for its posterior safranin and cresil’s blue stained and its glycerinated gel fixation respectively. On obtaining the DNA chloroplast it was followed the internal protocol established by Molecular Biology CIBE´s laboratory. In order to sequence isolated DNA fragments from leaves of V. patens, Macrogen Maryland, USA´S company services were hired. Results: Leaves and stems of the new specie’s micro morphological characteristics were described for the first time and new macro morphological characters were described too from stems particularly. Conclusions: Using molecular and macro-micromorphological assessments is corroborated the identity of the V. patens species growing in Ecuador coast.

  8. Módulo robótico para la clasificación de lulos (Solanum Quitoense implementando visión artificial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Alexander Contreras Parada

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se expone el diseño e implementación de un módulo robótico para la clasificación de lulos integrando técnicas de control, visión artificial y robótica. El proceso que permite la clasificación de lulos opera sobre algoritmos para el control de un brazo robótico de 5 GDL, que basado en la información obtenida con técnicas de visión de artificial permite seleccionar lulos con características previamente definidas por el usuario, como son tamaño, color e imperfecciones en el fruto. Se inicia realizando un diseño CAD del módulo, el cual permite establecer las propiedades físicas, definir materiales, técnicas de fabricación y realizar estudio de movimiento de los distintos mecanismos involucrados en el proceso. Se implementaron los algoritmos de control, la cinemática del brazo robótico y los algoritmos de visión artificial. El resultado se resume en un módulo robótico de carácter académico que permite la clasificación de lulos.

  9. Morning employees are perceived as better employees: employees' start times influence supervisor performance ratings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yam, Kai Chi; Fehr, Ryan; Barnes, Christopher M

    2014-11-01

    In this research, we draw from the stereotyping literature to suggest that supervisor ratings of job performance are affected by employees' start times-the time of day they first arrive at work. Even when accounting for total work hours, objective job performance, and employees' self-ratings of conscientiousness, we find that a later start time leads supervisors to perceive employees as less conscientious. These perceptions in turn cause supervisors to rate employees as lower performers. In addition, we show that supervisor chronotype acts as a boundary condition of the mediated model. Supervisors who prefer eveningness (i.e., owls) are less likely to hold negative stereotypes of employees with late start times than supervisors who prefer morningness (i.e., larks). Taken together, our results suggest that supervisor ratings of job performance are susceptible to stereotypic beliefs based on employees' start times. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).

  10. Social constructionism and supervision: experiences of AAMFT supervisors and supervised therapists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hair, Heather J; Fine, Marshall

    2012-10-01

    A phenomenological research process was used to investigate the supervision experience for supervisors and therapists when supervisors use a social constructionist perspective. Participants of the one-to-one interviews were six AAMFT Approved Supervisors and six therapists providing counseling to individuals, couples and families. The findings suggest supervisors were committed to their self-identified supervision philosophy and intentionally sought out congruence between epistemology and practice. The shared experience of therapists indicates they associated desirable supervision experiences with their supervisors' social constructionist perspective. Our findings also indicated that supervisors' and therapists' understanding of social constructionism included the more controversial concepts of agency and extra-discursiveness. This research has taken an empirical step in the direction of understanding what the social constructionist supervision experience is like for supervisors and therapists. Our findings suggest a linkage between epistemology and supervision practice and a satisfaction with the supervision process. © 2012 American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.

  11. Modelado de una célula robótica con fines educativos usando el programa Robot-Studio

    OpenAIRE

    Ávila Herrero, Juan Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Se dispone de una célula robótica compuesta por un robot ABB, IRB-120, con una serie de elementos adicionales destinados a la educación. Entre ellos se dispone de una pinza como herramienta para mover objetos, una botonera para señales de entrada-salida, una caja de rotuladores para poder dibujar y dos mesas donde dibujar y mover diferentes elementos. Además, se han añadido sensores externos comunicados con micro-procesador Arduino y la librería OPC de Matlab para poder trabajar en lazo cerra...

  12. Diseño y puesta en marcha de un laboratorio remoto de robótica

    OpenAIRE

    González Zambrano, Ramón; Ibeas Hernández, Asier

    2011-01-01

    Este proyecto surge de la iniciativa de mejorar la calidad docente de las prácticas en la asignatura Robótica y Automatización Industrial impartida en la ETSE (Escola Tècnica Superior d'Enginyeria) de la UAB, mediante un sistema innovador. El objetivo es sustituir las actuales prácticas, basadas en la realización de simulaciones en entorno MATLAB para verificar las ecuaciones que gobiernan a los robots manipuladores, por un entorno de prácticas más atractivo consistente en un robot manipulado...

  13. Dispositivo robótico para guiagem de agulhas flexíveis em procedimentos minimamente invasivos

    OpenAIRE

    Geraldes, André Augusto

    2016-01-01

    Agulhas flexíveis constituem uma nova tecnologia para a realização de procedimentos cirúrgicos minimamente invasivos. Devido a sua capacidade de curvar dentro do corpo do paciente, elas tem potencial de melhorar a performance de diferentes procedimentos cirúrgicos, no entanto o posicionamento preciso deste tipo de agulha ainda é um desafio em aberto na comunidade científica. Neste contexto, este trabalho apresenta o desenvolvimento de um novo dispositivo robótico para guiagem de agulhas flexí...

  14. LA REPRESENTACION DE LOS COLEGIOS SALESIANOS EN LOS SUPERVISORES NEUQUINOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARÍA ANDREA NICOLETTI

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Nos proponemos analizar en este trabajo de qué manera la identidad entre las escuelas confesionales y los Salesianos, construida desde la época del territorio patagónico, ha marcado fuertemente el discurso de los supervisores escolares que las visitaban. Estos han proyectado una clara representación social sobre la «escuela salesiana», no sólo referencial, sino también prospectiva, en cuanto a que se manifiesta como una construcción inducida. Dentro del sistema educativo patagónico, la educación salesiana ha sido sinónimo de educación confesional, pues fue la única representación de la Iglesia católica en éste ámbito. A través del análisis de los informes de supervisores de las escuelas salesianas neuquinas del período provincial y entrevistas a estos agentes del Consejo, hemos advertido cómo la construcción identitaria (salesianos/escuelas confesionales jugó un rol fundamental en la representación social que los supervisores manifestaron sobre las escuelas de la Congregación, diferenciándolas de las escuelas estatales por su orden, su atención al alumnado y su disciplina. Desde esta perspectiva, la identidad entre las escuelas confesionales y los Salesianos se amplió hacia una analogía que fusionó moral y religión con orden y disciplina, constituyendo una representación social que los supervisores plasmaron en su discurso.

  15. Mobile learning: a workforce development strategy for nurse supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mather, Carey; Cummings, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    Digital technology provides opportunities for using mobile learning strategies in healthcare environments. To realise the vision of the National Workforce Development Strategy there needs to be innovation of health professionals to further develop knowledge and skills of clinical supervisors to access and gain an understanding of the value of mobile learning at the workplace. The use of digital technology by clinical supervisors was explored in 2012 as part of a teaching development grant to evaluate the use of Web 2.0 technology to develop a community of practice about clinical supervision. Prior to developing the virtual network of clinical supervisors, feedback about the use of Web 2.0 technology by clinicians was sought via an online survey. Over 90% of respondents used social media, 85% understood what a blog and wiki were and approximately half of the respondents used smart phones. More than one-third indicated they would participate in a virtual community of practice and would like to receive information about clinical facilitation at least once per week. Findings indicate both inhibitors and opportunities for workforce development within healthcare environments that need to be addressed. Support of graduate-ready nurses can be achieved through an integrated outlook that enables health professionals within organisations to undertake mobile learning in situ. A flexible and collaborative approach to continuing professional development within organisations could enhance practice development and could positively impact on workforce development.

  16. Experimental design and data-analysis in label-free quantitative LC/MS proteomics: A tutorial with MSqRob.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goeminne, Ludger J E; Gevaert, Kris; Clement, Lieven

    2017-04-05

    Label-free shotgun proteomics is routinely used to assess proteomes. However, extracting relevant information from the massive amounts of generated data remains difficult. This tutorial provides a strong foundation on analysis of quantitative proteomics data. We provide key statistical concepts that help researchers to design proteomics experiments and we showcase how to analyze quantitative proteomics data using our recent free and open-source R package MSqRob, which was developed to implement the peptide-level robust ridge regression method for relative protein quantification described by Goeminne et al. MSqRob can handle virtually any experimental proteomics design and outputs proteins ordered by statistical significance. Moreover, its graphical user interface and interactive diagnostic plots provide easy inspection and also detection of anomalies in the data and flaws in the data analysis, allowing deeper assessment of the validity of results and a critical review of the experimental design. Our tutorial discusses interactive preprocessing, data analysis and visualization of label-free MS-based quantitative proteomics experiments with simple and more complex designs. We provide well-documented scripts to run analyses in bash mode on GitHub, enabling the integration of MSqRob in automated pipelines on cluster environments (https://github.com/statOmics/MSqRob). The concepts outlined in this tutorial aid in designing better experiments and analyzing the resulting data more appropriately. The two case studies using the MSqRob graphical user interface will contribute to a wider adaptation of advanced peptide-based models, resulting in higher quality data analysis workflows and more reproducible results in the proteomics community. We also provide well-documented scripts for experienced users that aim at automating MSqRob on cluster environments. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  17. Aplicações de hardware-in-the-loop no desenvolvimento de uma mão robótica

    OpenAIRE

    André Ribeiro Lins de Albuquerque

    2007-01-01

    o trabalho tem como objetivo o estudo e a aplicação da técnica de hardware-in-the-loop como uma ferramenta de suporte no processo de desenvolvimento de uma mão artificial robótica. Os esforços se concentram no desenvolvimento de um ambiente computacional e um ambiente experimental para trabalharem em conjunto e simultaneamente. No ambiente computacional foi desenvolvido o modelo do sistema simulado em tempo real. No ambiente experimental, partes do protótipo da mão robótica foram implementada...

  18. Uso rutinario del montaje lateral (side-docking) en cirugía robótica ginecológica: estudio de factibilidad

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas T,Iván; Larraín de la C,Demetrio; Marengo,Francesca; González L,Felipe; Prado A,Jaime; Buckel G,Hans

    2012-01-01

    Antecedentes: La mayoría de los estudios publicados en cirugía robótica ginecológica han utilizado el montaje central, con el robot entre las piernas de la paciente. Una desventaja importante de esta técnica es el limitado acceso vaginal. Recientemente, el uso del montaje lateral (robot en 45° respecto a la mesa operatoria) ha permitido obviar esta dificultad. Objetivo: Demostrar la factibilidad del montaje lateral desde el inicio del programa de cirugía robótica en nuestra institución. Métod...

  19. Ingeniería de software dirigida por modelos aplicada a sistemas robóticos usando los estándares de la OMG

    OpenAIRE

    Pons, Claudia; Pérez, Gabriela; Neil, Carlos; Giandini, Roxana Silvia; De Vincenzi, Marcelo

    2017-01-01

    El Desarrollo de software Dirigido por Modelos (MDD, Model Driven software Development) aparece como una alternativa viable para aplicar técnicas de ingeniería de software en el desarrollo de sistemas robóticos. Su uso logra un nivel de abstracción superior, permitiendo utilizar los estándares propuestos para robótica, y así obtener ventajas como generalidad, reutilización, claridad, expresividad. Estas son todas cualidades inherentes a un proceso de creación de software eficiente y eficaz. E...

  20. Uso rutinario del montaje lateral (side-docking) en cirugía robótica ginecológica: estudio de factibilidad

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas T,Iván; Larraín de la C,Demetrio; Marengo,Francesca; González L,Felipe; Prado A,Jaime; Buckel G,Hans

    2012-01-01

    Antecedentes: La mayoría de los estudios publicados en cirugía robótica ginecológica han utilizado el montaje central, con el robot entre las piernas de la paciente. Una desventaja importante de esta técnica es el limitado acceso vaginal. Recientemente, el uso del montaje lateral (robot en 45° respecto a la mesa operatoria) ha permitido obviar esta dificultad. Objetivo: Demostrar la factibilidad del montaje lateral desde el inicio del programa de cirugía robótica en nuestra institución. Métod...

  1. Revisión de la plataforma robótica Lego Mindstorms para aplicaciones educativas y de investigación

    OpenAIRE

    Tello-Leal, Edgar; Guerrero-Melendez, Tania Yukary; Vicente Paul, Saldivar-Alonso

    2013-01-01

    La robótica es considerada como una de las áreas de gran interés de la ciencia y la tecnología de hoy en día. La robotización, es decir, los sistemas automatizados, se encuentran en casi todos los sectores de la sociedad. En la industria, los robots son utilizados para soldar, transportar, montar y pintar piezas. En medicina, robots sofisticados ayudan a llevar a cabo cirugías complejas. En el sector militar, los robots son usados para explorar áreas hostiles. Por tal motivo, la robó...

  2. How Supervisor Experience Influences Trust, Supervision, and Trainee Learning: A Qualitative Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheu, Leslie; Kogan, Jennifer R; Hauer, Karen E

    2017-09-01

    Appropriate trust and supervision facilitate trainees' growth toward unsupervised practice. The authors investigated how supervisor experience influences trust, supervision, and subsequently trainee learning. In a two-phase qualitative inductive content analysis, phase one entailed reviewing 44 internal medicine resident and attending supervisor interviews from two institutions (July 2013 to September 2014) for themes on how supervisor experience influences trust and supervision. Three supervisor exemplars (early, developing, experienced) were developed and shared in phase two focus groups at a single institution, wherein 23 trainees validated the exemplars and discussed how each impacted learning (November 2015). Phase one: Four domains of trust and supervision varying with experience emerged: data, approach, perspective, clinical. Early supervisors were detail oriented and determined trust depending on task completion (data), were rule based (approach), drew on their experiences as trainees to guide supervision (perspective), and felt less confident clinically compared with more experienced supervisors (clinical). Experienced supervisors determined trust holistically (data), checked key aspects of patient care selectively and covertly (approach), reflected on individual experiences supervising (perspective), and felt comfortable managing clinical problems and gauging trainee abilities (clinical). Phase two: Trainees felt the exemplars reflected their experiences, described their preferences and learning needs shifting over time, and emphasized the importance of supervisor flexibility to match their learning needs. With experience, supervisors differ in their approach to trust and supervision. Supervisors need to trust themselves before being able to trust others. Trainees perceive these differences and seek supervision approaches that align with their learning needs.

  3. GP supervisors' experience in supporting self-regulated learning: a balancing act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagasser, Margaretha H; Kramer, Anneke W M; van Weel, Chris; van der Vleuten, Cees P M

    2015-08-01

    Self-regulated learning is essential for professional development and lifelong learning. As self-regulated learning has many inaccuracies, the need to support self-regulated learning has been recommended. Supervisors can provide such support. In a prior study trainees reported on the variation in received supervisor support. This study aims at exploring supervisors' perspectives. The aim is to explore how supervisors experience self-regulated learning of postgraduate general practitioners (GP) trainees and their role in this, and what helps and hinders them in supervising. In a qualitative study using a phenomenological approach, we interviewed 20 supervisors of first- and third-year postgraduate GP trainees. Supervisors recognised trainee activity in self-regulated learning and adapted their coaching style to trainee needs, occasionally causing conflicting emotions. Supervisors' beliefs regarding their role, trainees' role and the usefulness of educational interventions influenced their support. Supervisors experienced a relation between patient safety, self-regulated learning and trainee capability to learn. Supervisor training was helpful to exchange experience and obtain advice. Supervisors found colleagues helpful in sharing supervision tasks or in calibrating judgments of trainees. Busy practice occasionally hindered the supervisory process. In conclusion, supervisors adapt their coaching to trainees' self-regulated learning, sometimes causing conflicting emotions. Patient safety and entrustment are key aspects of the supervisory process. Supervisors' beliefs about their role and trainees' role influence their support. Supervisor training is important to increase awareness of these beliefs and the influence on their behaviour, and to improve the use of educational instruments. The results align with findings from other (medical) education, thereby illustrating its relevance.

  4. MarA, SoxS and Rob of Escherichia coli - Global regulators of multidrug resistance, virulence and stress response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duval, Valérie; Lister, Ida M

    2013-01-01

    Bacteria have a great capacity for adjusting their metabolism in response to environmental changes by linking extracellular stimuli to the regulation of genes by transcription factors. By working in a co-operative manner, transcription factors provide a rapid response to external threats, allowing the bacteria to survive. This review will focus on transcription factors MarA, SoxS and Rob in Escherichia coli, three members of the AraC family of proteins. These homologous proteins exemplify the ability to respond to multiple threats such as oxidative stress, drugs and toxic compounds, acidic pH, and host antimicrobial peptides. MarA, SoxS and Rob recognize similar DNA sequences in the promoter region of more than 40 regulatory target genes. As their regulons overlap, a finely tuned adaptive response allows E. coli to survive in the presence of different assaults in a co-ordinated manner. These regulators are well conserved amongst Enterobacteriaceae and due to their broad involvement in bacterial adaptation in the host, have recently been explored as targets to develop new anti-virulence agents. The regulators are also being examined for their roles in novel technologies such as biofuel production.

  5. Dimensionality and consequences of employee commitment to supervisors: a two-study examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landry, Guylaine; Panaccio, Alexandra; Vandenberghe, Christian

    2010-01-01

    Research on the 3-component model of organizational commitment--affective, normative, and continuance--has suggested that continuance commitment comprises 2 subcomponents, perceived lack of alternatives and sacrifice (e.g., S. J. Jaros, 1997; G. W. McGee & R. C. Ford, 1987). The authors aimed to extend that research in the context of employees' commitment to their immediate supervisors. Through two studies, they examined the validity and consequences of a 4-factor model of commitment to supervisors including affective, normative, continuance-alternatives, and continuance-sacrifice components. Study 1 (N = 317) revealed that the 4 components of commitment to supervisors were distinguishable from the corresponding components of organizational commitment. Study 2 (N = 240) further showed that the 4 components of commitment to supervisors differentially related to intention to leave the supervisor, supervisor-directed negative affect and emotional exhaustion. The authors discuss the implications of these findings for the management of employee commitment in organizations.

  6. A new role-and-feedback system for the supervisor and the organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacStravic, R E

    1990-01-01

    Changes in industry in general and in health care are forcing changes in organizational structures and in people. A new role for supervisors is being demanded as layers of management are reduced to cut costs and simplify operations. The new supervisor will have to be a leader and decisionmaker. The feedback system suggested here provides a mechanism for ensuring that supervisors' leadership is going in the right direction and that their decisions are having the desired effects.

  7. Managing organizational change: strategies for the female health care supervisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, G

    1990-07-01

    In responding to resistance to change in the current health care organization, the new female supervisor can learn to support her staff in encountering and accepting these changes. The strategies and skills discussed above are characteristic of a supervisory style that may naturally occur for women, but also can be incorporated into the leadership style of men in health care management today. Health care leaders of tomorrow must work from an androgynous framework in which the behavior patterns and responses of each gender are learned and used appropriately by both men and women. Sargent suggests that the best managers are androgynous and that this is the inevitable wave of the future. Whether man or woman, a supervisor should learn, accept, and use methods that are characteristic of both sexes to be successful in managing people. Women and men must learn from each other's strengths and share these diverse skills. Given that women now outnumber men in health care management positions and organizations are changing to a more nurturing environment, the androgynous supervisor will be the successful leader of the future. Finally, women in health care supervisory positions have the potential to bring change where it is badly needed. Women in these roles often have a system wide view of health care policy issues that recognizes less federal commitment to social programs. Many women in health care positions believe that the issues of children, women, the elderly, the poor, and the homeless need focused attention. The growing number of women in health care supervisory and leadership roles is an important factor in changing national health policy for the benefit of these groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  8. Relationships among supervisor feedback environment, work-related stressors, and employee deviance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Jei-Chen; Tseng, Mei-Man; Lee, Yin-Ling

    2011-03-01

    Previous research has demonstrated that the employee deviance imposes enormous costs on organizational performance and productivity. Similar research supports the positive effect of favorable supervisor feedback on employee job performance. In light of such, it is important to understand the interaction between supervisor feedback environment and employee deviant behavior to streamline organization operations. The purposes of this study were to explore how the supervisor feedback environment influences employee deviance and to examine the mediating role played by work-related stressors. Data were collected from 276 subordinate-supervisor dyads at a regional hospital in Yilan. Structural equation modeling analyses were conducted to test hypotheses. Structural equation modeling analysis results show that supervisor feedback environment negatively related to interpersonal and organizational deviance. Moreover, work-related stressors were found to partially mediate the relationship between supervisor feedback environment and employee deviance. Study findings suggest that when employees (nurses in this case) perceive an appropriate supervisor-provided feedback environment, their deviance is suppressed because of the related reduction in work-related stressors. Thus, to decrease deviant behavior, organizations may foster supervisor integration of disseminated knowledge such as (a) how to improve employees' actual performance, (b) how to effectively clarify expected performance, and (c) how to improve continuous performance feedback. If supervisors absorb this integrated feedback knowledge, they should be in a better position to enhance their own daily interactions with nurses and reduce nurses' work-related stress and, consequently, decrease deviant behavior.

  9. ATLAS EventIndex Data Collection Supervisor and Web Interface

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia Montoro, Carlos; The ATLAS collaboration

    2016-01-01

    The EventIndex project consists in the development and deployment of a complete catalogue of events for the ATLAS experiment at the LHC accelerator at CERN. In 2015 the ATLAS experiment has produced 12 billion real events in 1 million files, and 5 billion simulated events in 8 million files. The ATLAS EventIndex is running in production since mid- 2015, reliably collecting information worldwide about all produced events and storing them in a central Hadoop infrastructure. A subset of this information is copied to an Oracle relational database. These slides present two components of the ATLAS EventIndex: its data collection supervisor and its web interface partner.

  10. Integration of Lower Level Supervisors into the Management Structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-31

    sessions. Brief (2-3 hour) training "work sessions" could be developed to help lower level supervisors 4 solve specific problema . These sessions...34 In D. Cartwright (ed.), Studies in Social Power. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press, 1959. Gardner, B.B. & Whyte, W.F. "The man in the...line supervisory problem redefined." Personnel Journal, 1975, 54(12), 620-623+. Stouffer, S.A. "An analysis of conflicting social norms." American

  11. AraC/XylS family stress response regulators Rob, SoxS, PliA, and OpiA in the fire blight pathogen Erwinia amylovora.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pletzer, Daniel; Schweizer, Gabriel; Weingart, Helge

    2014-09-01

    Transcriptional regulators of the AraC/XylS family have been associated with multidrug resistance, organic solvent tolerance, oxidative stress, and virulence in clinically relevant enterobacteria. In the present study, we identified four homologous AraC/XylS regulators, Rob, SoxS, PliA, and OpiA, from the fire blight pathogen Erwinia amylovora Ea1189. Previous studies have shown that the regulators MarA, Rob, and SoxS from Escherichia coli mediate multiple-antibiotic resistance, primarily by upregulating the AcrAB-TolC efflux system. However, none of the four AraC/XylS regulators from E. amylovora was able to induce a multidrug resistance phenotype in the plant pathogen. Overexpression of rob led to a 2-fold increased expression of the acrA gene. However, the rob-overexpressing strain showed increased resistance to only a limited number of antibiotics. Furthermore, Rob was able to induce tolerance to organic solvents in E. amylovora by mechanisms other than efflux. We demonstrated that SoxS from E. amylovora is involved in superoxide resistance. A soxS-deficient mutant of Ea1189 was not able to grow on agar plates supplemented with the superoxide-generating agent paraquat. Furthermore, expression of soxS was induced by redox cycling agents. We identified two novel members of the AraC/XylS family in E. amylovora. PliA was highly upregulated during the early infection phase in apple rootstock and immature pear fruits. Multiple compounds were able to induce the expression of pliA, including apple leaf extracts, phenolic compounds, redox cycling agents, heavy metals, and decanoate. OpiA was shown to play a role in the regulation of osmotic and alkaline pH stress responses.

  12. Desarrollo de un sistema cognitivo de visión para la navegación robótica

    OpenAIRE

    ARACIL LÓPEZ, RAFAEL

    2012-01-01

    El proyecto no trata de la obtención de puntos característicos, trata de la navegación robótica o la navegación de un robot. Para ello se utiliza la obtención de puntos característicos en los frames para reconocer la parte en la que se encuentra un robot en un circuito dado, en este caso dentro de unas instalaciones universitarias. Una vez localizados dichos puntos, según con el método concreto que se utilice, lo siguiente que realizaríamos sería a través de los puntos obtenidos, para cada pu...

  13. Rob Hopkins, 2008, The Transition Handbook. From Oil Dependency to Local Resilience, Green books, 224 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luc Semal

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Le mouvement pour la Transition (ou Transition movement a été initié en 2005 à Totnes (Devon par Rob Hopkins, professeur de permaculture qui avait été sensibilisé au thème du pic du pétrole quelques mois auparavant : à l’époque, il s’agissait seulement d’élaborer une stratégie locale pour que Totnes puisse à l’avenir se passer de pétrole sans en souffrir. Mais d’autres groupes locaux ont rapidement suivi cet exemple, et en mai 2008, le « réseau de la Transition » comptait déjà 50 localités ...

  14. State liberalism, female supervisors, and the gender wage gap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maume, David J; Ruppanner, Leah

    2015-03-01

    Whereas some are concerned that the gender revolution has stalled, others note the rapid increase in women's representation in the ranks of management, and the reduction of wage inequality in larger and more active welfare states. Although these latter trends portend an attenuation of gender inequality, their effects on the gender pay gap in the U.S. are understudied due to data limitations, or to the assumption that in the U.S. pay is determined by market forces. In this study we extend research on the determinants of the gender wage gap by examining sex-of-supervisor effects on subordinates' pay, and to what degree the state's commitment to equality conditions this relationship. We pooled the 1997 and 2002 National Study of the Changing Workforce surveys to estimate hierarchical models of reporting to a female supervisor and wages, with theoretically important predictors at the individual level, and at the state of residence (an index composed of women's share of legislators, a measure of the liberal leanings of the state, and the size of the public sector relative to the labor force). We found that state effects on pay were mixed, with pay generally rising with state liberalism on the one hand. On the other hand, working for a female boss significantly reduced wages. We discussed the theoretical implications of our results, as well as the need for further study of the career effects on subordinates as women increasingly enter the ranks of management.

  15. Program to prepare school level supervisors for professional pedagogical guidance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isdarey Hernández González

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Doing an appropriate professional pedagogical guidance becomes a social problem of top priority, due to the fact that when students get to Ninth Grade they face, for the first time, the chance to select a school to continue his studies. However, there are barriers around this social task; like the lack of schools staff preparation and particularly that of the school level supervisors who should lead the School Grade Boards, among its functions are to plan actions for labour and vocational development and also for the professional pedagogical guidance. This article is a result of a research activity carried out by the author who is a Ph. D. Candidate on Pedagogical Sciences. This investigation has as an objective to propose a developmental program to increase the school level supervisors preparation on the professional pedagogical guidance in Junior High School. This program is conceived as a system and starts with an upgrade course, goes on with workshops and ends with a training course. Its main axis is the research method acquisition. This program was carried out through pedagogical practice and showed its efficiency.

  16. SUPERVISOR COMMUNICATION IN TRAINING PROGRAM: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY IN MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azman ISMAIL

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A thorough review of human resource development literature shows that theability of supervisors to use good communication styles in managingprograms will invoke employees’ motivation to learn, this may lead toincreased positive individual attitudes and behaviors. The nature of thisrelationship is interesting, but little is known about the influence ofemployees’ motivation to learn in training management literature. Therefore,this study was conducted to examine the effect of supervisor communicationin training program and motivation to learn on individual attitudes andbehaviors using 100 usable questionnaires gathered from technicalemployees who have worked in one city based local authority in EastMalaysia (CLAEASTMALAYSIA. Outcomes of stepwise regression analysisshowed that relationship between motivation to learn and supervisorcommunication had been an important predictor of transfer of competencyand job performance. Statistically, this result confirms that motivation to learndoes act as a full mediating role in the training model of the in theorganizational sample. In addition, implications and limitations of the study,as well as directions future research are discussed.

  17. Activation of the Escherichia coli marA/soxS/rob regulon in response to transcriptional activator concentration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Robert G; Bartlett, Emily S; Rosner, Judah L; Wall, Michael E

    2008-07-04

    The paralogous transcriptional activators MarA, SoxS, and Rob activate a common set of promoters, the marA/soxS/rob regulon of Escherichia coli, by binding a cognate site (marbox) upstream of each promoter. The extent of activation varies from one promoter to another and is only poorly correlated with the in vitro affinity of the activator for the specific marbox. Here, we examine the dependence of promoter activation on the level of activator in vivo by manipulating the steady-state concentrations of MarA and SoxS in Lon protease mutants and by measuring promoter activation using lacZ transcriptional fusions. We found that: (i) the MarA concentrations needed for half-maximal stimulation varied by at least 19-fold among the 10 promoters tested; (ii) most marboxes were not saturated when there were 24,000 molecules of MarA per cell; (iii) the correlation between the MarA concentration needed for half-maximal promoter activity in vivo and marbox binding affinity in vitro was poor; and (iv) the two activators differed in their promoter activation profiles. The marRAB and sodA promoters could both be saturated by MarA and SoxS in vivo. However, saturation by MarA resulted in greater marRAB and lesser sodA transcription than did saturation by SoxS, implying that the two activators interact with RNA polymerase in different ways at the different promoters. Thus, the concentration and nature of activator determine which regulon promoters are activated, as well as the extent of their activation.

  18. Supervision in Language Teaching: A Supervisor's and Three Trainee Teachers' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahyalar, Eda; Yazici, lkay Çelik

    2016-01-01

    This article reports on the findings from a study which investigated supervision in language teaching from a supervisor's and her three trainee teachers' perspectives. The data in the study were from three sources: 1) audio recordings of the supervisor's feedback sessions with each trainee teacher, 2) audio recording of an interview between the…

  19. Supervisor's Perceptions of the Work Attitudes of Two Groups of Employees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brauchle, Paul E.; Azam, Md. Shafiqul

    2003-01-01

    This study investigates whether the type of job (i.e., information job versus noninformation job) had an effect on employee work attitudes as rated by their supervisors. In this study, the Occupational Work Ethic Inventory (OWEI), a self-reporting type instrument, was used to record supervisors' responses on the work attitudes of information and…

  20. Training Process Cycles for Special Education Teachers and University Supervisors: A Turkish Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vuran, Sezgin; Ergenekon, Yasemin

    2014-01-01

    In special education teacher training programs, the teaching practicum's role is both wide and extensive. Since, during this process, providing qualitative and satisfactory consulting services to supervisors is crucial, it is very important that university supervisors be experienced and have obtained proficiency in the field of consultation.…

  1. Mutual assumptions and facts about nondisclosure among clinical supervisors and students in group supervision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Geir Høstmark; Skjerve, Jan; Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard;

    2009-01-01

    In the two preceding papers of this issue of Nordic Psychology the authors report findings from a study of nondisclosure among student therapists and clinical supervisors. The findings were reported separately for each group. In this article, the two sets of findings are held together and compared......, so as to draw a picture of mutual assumptions and facts about nondisclosure among students and supervisors....

  2. Supervisor Perspective on the Process and Outcome of Giving Easy, Difficult, or No Feedback to Supervisees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Mary Ann; Hill, Clara E.; Holmes, Stacey E.; Freitas, Gary F.

    2005-01-01

    Fifteen counseling center supervisors were interviewed about 3 instances related to important feedback with an intern supervisee: in which the feedback was given easily, in which it was given reluctantly or with difficulty, and another in which it was not given. Supervisors indicated that easy feedback was most often about clinical problems, was…

  3. 25 CFR 47.5 - What is the school supervisor responsible for?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What is the school supervisor responsible for? 47.5 Section 47.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION UNIFORM DIRECT FUNDING AND SUPPORT FOR BUREAU-OPERATED SCHOOLS § 47.5 What is the school supervisor responsible for?...

  4. PhD students’ expectations from their supervisors: A qualitative content analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SH Rimaz

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Quality of research in PhD programs increases if supervisors become aware of students' expectations from them. This qualitative study aimed to explore expectations of PhD students from their supervisors was done.   Methods: This qualitative content analysis study was conducted on 22 graduated PhD students of Iran University of Medical Sciences, in 2014. The samples were purposefully selected and interviewed. All interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim.   Results: After analyzing and coding data, it was found that PhD students have four main expectations from their supervisors. These expectations consist of scientific support including help with selection of subject, preparation and registration of proposal, data collection and support for writing and examination of the thesis. Developing scientific skills and help with preparing manuscripts were other expectations. Emotional-social support with five categories including relationship between supervisor-student, general expectations of supervisor, supervisor personality characteristics, needed emotional skills and social activities related to thesis and finally providing adequate resources including financial support and access to facilities inside and outside the university were among the other expectations.   Conclusion: PhD students need to scientific, emotional, social and material supports from their supervisors in the process of performing thesis. These expectations should be told to supervisors.

  5. Communication Competence, Leadership Behaviors, and Employee Outcomes in Supervisor-Employee Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikkelson, Alan C.; York, Joy A.; Arritola, Joshua

    2015-01-01

    Supervisor communication competence and leadership style were used to predict specific employee outcomes. In the study, 276 participants working in various industries completed measures of communication competence and leadership styles about their direct supervisor along with measures of their job satisfaction, motivation, and organizational…

  6. Supervisee Incompatibility and Its Influence on Triadic Supervision: An Examination of Doctoral Student Supervisors' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hein, Serge F.; Lawson, Gerard; Rodriguez, Christopher P.

    2011-01-01

    A qualitative study was conducted to explore supervisors' experiences of supervisee incompatibility in triadic supervision. In-depth interviews were completed with 9 doctoral student supervisors in a counselor education program, and a whole-text analysis generated 3 categories. Supervisee incompatibility took a wide variety of forms and negatively…

  7. Views of Educational Supervisors Concerning the Feasibility of Educational Supervision Regulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbasli, Sait; Ozbas, Mehmet

    2012-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to determine the level in which educational supervisors who carry out the regulations concerning the feasibility conditions of educational supervision regulation views arise. The research was carried out in 2010 to 2011 academic year; the research population included 3150 educational supervisors and the research…

  8. Pre-Service Teachers' Beliefs about the Roles of Thesis Supervisors: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapia Carlín, Rebeca Elena

    2013-01-01

    Trainee beliefs about the roles of thesis supervisors can exert an important influence on timely and successful completion of theses. This research article explores pre-service teacher beliefs about the roles of thesis supervisors through the analysis of their learning diaries. The aim of this study is to identify ways to improve supervisory…

  9. Curricular Goals and Personal Goals in Master's Thesis Projects: Dutch Student-Supervisor Dyads

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Kleijn, Renske A. M.; Meijer, Paulien C.; Brekelmans, Mieke; Pilot, Albert

    2013-01-01

    To be effective, feedback should be goal-related. In order to better understand goal-related feedback in Master's thesis projects, the present study explores the goals of supervisors and students in supervision dyads and similarities and differences within and between these dyads. Twelve supervisors and students were interviewed, and their goals…

  10. Individual "and" Triadic "and" Group: Supervisee and Supervisor Perceptions of Each Modality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borders, L. DiAnne; Welfare, Laura E.; Greason, Paige B.; Paladino, Derrick A.; Mobley, A. Keith; Villalba, Jose A.; Wester, Kelly L.

    2012-01-01

    In this consensual qualitative research study, the authors explored supervisors' (n= 11) and their supervisees' (n= 31) perceptions of individual, triadic, and group supervision sessions during practicum. Data from supervisor individual interviews and supervisee focus-group interviews revealed several themes regarding the advantages and…

  11. Supervisor-Subordinate Age Dissimilarity and Performance Ratings: The Buffering Effects of Supervisory Relationship and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.; Scholarios, Dora; Van der Schoot, Esther; Jedrzejowicz, Piotr; Bozionelos, Nikos; Epitropaki, Olga; Knauth, Peter; Marzec, Izabela; Mikkelsen, Aslaug; Van der Heijde, Claudia

    2010-01-01

    Using 394 pairs of employees and their immediate supervisors working in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector in three northern European countries, this study examined the effect of workplace moderators on the link between relational demography and supervisor ratings of performance. Directional age differences between superior…

  12. Supervisor-subordinate age dissimilarity and performance ratings: the buffering effects of supervisory relationship and practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Heijden, B.I.J.M.; Scholarios, D.; van der Schoot, E.; Jedrzejowicz, P.; Bozionelos, N.; Epitropaki, O.; Knauth, P.; Marzec, I.; Mikkelsen, A.; van der Heijde, C.

    2010-01-01

    Using 394 pairs of employees and their immediate supervisors working in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector in three northern European countries, this study examined the effect of workplace moderators on the link between relational demography and supervisor ratings of performan

  13. Perceptions of Graduates and Their Supervisors Related to the Air and Space Basic Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraska, Marie F.; Bentley, Terry R.

    2004-01-01

    The Air and Space Basic Course (ASBC) solicits feedback from field commanders and supervisors; however, it does not currently use any type of graduate or supervisor evaluation system. The ASBC has no mechanism in place to guarantee feedback about how the course has or has not prepared its graduates to function as military leaders. Consequently,…

  14. A patient safety curriculum for medical residents based on the perspectives of residents and supervisors.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansma, J.D.; Wagner, C.; Bijnen, A.B.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: To develop a patient safety course for medical residents based on the views of medical residents and their supervisors. Methods: In 2007, questionnaires were distributed to investigate residents' and supervisors' perspectives on the current patient safety performance and educational need

  15. Student and Supervisor Perceptions of the Ethical Environment of Retail Merchandising Internship Sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulins, V. Ann

    2001-01-01

    Senior retail merchandising students (n=37) and their internship supervisors (n=25) were surveyed about ethical practices. Perceptions of ethics did not vary by internship location. Supervisors perceived their organizations to be more ethical than students did on two of five questions. (Contains 15 references.) (SK)

  16. 30 CFR 250.174 - When may the Regional Supervisor grant or direct an SOP?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... direct an SOP? 250.174 Section 250.174 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... § 250.174 When may the Regional Supervisor grant or direct an SOP? The Regional Supervisor may grant or direct an SOP when the suspension is in the national interest, and it is necessary because the...

  17. Communication Competence, Leadership Behaviors, and Employee Outcomes in Supervisor-Employee Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikkelson, Alan C.; York, Joy A.; Arritola, Joshua

    2015-01-01

    Supervisor communication competence and leadership style were used to predict specific employee outcomes. In the study, 276 participants working in various industries completed measures of communication competence and leadership styles about their direct supervisor along with measures of their job satisfaction, motivation, and organizational…

  18. The Implications of Cognitive Style for the Management of Student-Supervisor Relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Steven; Allinson, Christopher W.; Hayes, John

    1997-01-01

    Describes an innovative program of supervision that uses qualitative methods to match a student with a thesis supervisor. The program uses cognitive styles analysis to match students and supervisors whereas the supervision process focuses more on the student's research than the particular subject matter. Includes tabular and statistical data. (MJP)

  19. Industrial Safety. MAS-123. Waste Isolation Division (WID). Management and Supervisor Training (MAST) Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westinghouse Electric Corp., Carlsbad, NM.

    This learning module, which is part of a management and supervisor training program for managers and supervisors employed at the Department of Energy's Waste Isolation Division, is designed to prepare trainees to promote and monitor the industrial safety program at their plant. The following topics are covered in the module's individual sections:…

  20. Supervisors and Teamwork. Tierra de Oportunidad Module 24. LAES: Latino Adult Education Services Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kissam, Ed; Dorsey, Holda

    This module, which may be used as the basis for a workshop or as a special topic unit in adult basic education or English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) courses, discusses supervisors and teamwork. It is designed to teach about differences between supervision in different kinds of workplaces; getting along and ahead with mainstream supervisors; and…

  1. Student and Supervisor Perceptions of the Ethical Environment of Retail Merchandising Internship Sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulins, V. Ann

    2001-01-01

    Senior retail merchandising students (n=37) and their internship supervisors (n=25) were surveyed about ethical practices. Perceptions of ethics did not vary by internship location. Supervisors perceived their organizations to be more ethical than students did on two of five questions. (Contains 15 references.) (SK)

  2. Organizational work factors among workers and supervisors in export processing zones which support global markets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Prado-Lu, Jinky Leilanie

    2008-10-01

    This is an investigation of the interaction between organizational and management factors at work for both workers and supervisors in the manufacturing sector. Survey was done in a sample consisted of 23 establishments, 630 workers, and 47 supervisors, meanwhile 10 focus group discussions (FGDs) for workers, and 5 FGDs for supervisors. Workers and supervisors alike reported illnesses and job dissatisfaction. Survey showed that the most prevalent issues among workers were: the need to upgrade skills (76.3%), pressured in doing work (60.5%), fast paced work (60.5%), repetitive work (63%), and that work is both physically and mentally tiring (59.7%). On the other hand, supervisors described their work as challenging and stimulating (66%), needed regular upgrading of skills (46.8%), and needed literacy on information technology (31.9%). Focus group discussions showed that workers and supervisors were confronted with stress, fast-paced work, the need to upgrade skills due to accommodation of information technology into the work production, fatigue, re-engineering and downsizing by management, low job control and difficult worker-supervisor relationship. This study was able to show that health of workers and supervisors were affected by both organizational and management factors at work.

  3. A New Supervisor with a New Agenda: A Principal Ponders Political Options and Risks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derrington, Mary Lynne; Larsen, Donald

    2015-01-01

    A tenured respected principal learns that supervisory relationships with staff are only one side of the leadership coin. The other side turns up when a new assistant superintendent is assigned as his supervisor. Problems are imminent when the supervisor seems ready to usurp the principal's traditional decision-making authority. The principal, as…

  4. Ethics in the Supervisory Relationship: Supervisors' and Doctoral Students' Dilemmas in the Natural and Behavioural Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löfström, Erika; Pyhältö, Kirsi

    2017-01-01

    This study explored the perceptions of ethical issues in supervision among doctoral students and supervisors. The nature of ethical issues identified by doctoral students (n = 28) and their supervisors (n = 14) is explored and the degree of fit and misfit between their perceptions in two cases representing the natural and behavioural sciences is…

  5. Associations of Low-Income Working Mothers' Daily Interactions with Supervisors and Mother-Child Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gassman-Pines, Anna

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated associations of low-income working mothers' daily interactions with supervisors and their interactions with children. Sixty-one mothers of preschool-aged children were asked to report on their interactions with their supervisors at work and their interactions with children for 2 weeks (N = 520 workdays). Results show…

  6. Utilization of Online Training for On-Site Clinical Supervisors: One University's Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getz, Hildy G.; Schnurman-Crook, Abrina

    2001-01-01

    The need to train on-site clinical supervisors often clashes with the practicality of time constraints of a variety of counseling professionals, as well as a significant geographical separation. This article is an overview of how one university developed online training to provide supervision training to clinical supervisors unable to attend live…

  7. Supervisors' perceptions of organizational policies are associated with their likelihood to accommodate back-injured workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGuire, Connor; Kristman, Vicki L; Shaw, William S; Loisel, Patrick; Reguly, Paula; Williams-Whitt, Kelly; Soklaridis, Sophie

    2017-02-01

    Background Low back pain (LBP) is a major concern among North American workplaces and little is known regarding a supervisor's decision to support job accommodation for workers with LBP. The extent to which supervisors are included in a company's effort to institute disability management policies and practices and workplace safety climate are two factors that may influence a supervisor's decision to accommodate workers with LBP. Objective Determine the association between supervisors' perceptions of disability management policies, corporate safety culture and their likelihood of supporting job accommodations for workers with LBP. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of supervisors (N=796) recruited from a non-random, convenience sample of 19 Canadian and US employers. The outcome was supervisors' likeliness to support job accommodation and the exposure was global work safety culture and disability management policies and practices. A multivariable generalized linear modelling strategy was used and final models for each exposure were obtained after assessing potential effect modifiers and confounders. Results In the study, 796 eligible supervisors from 19 employers participated. Disability management policies and practices were positively associated with supervisors' likeliness to accommodate (β=0.19; 95% CI: 0.13; 0.24) while no significant association was found between corporate safety culture (β= -0.084; 95% CI: -0.19; 0.027) and supervisors' likeliness to accommodate. Conclusions Employers should ensure that proactive disability management policies and practices are clearly communicated to supervisors in order to improve job modification and return to work efforts. Implications for Rehabilitation Low back pain (LBP) is a major workplace concern and little is known regarding what factors are associated with a supervisor's likelihood to support job accommodation for workers with LBP. The objective of this article was to determine the association

  8. Establishing supervisor-students’ relationships through mutual expectation: A study from supervisors’ point of view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masek, Alias

    2017-08-01

    The literature suggests that failure to establish a good relationship in communicating expectations of research supervision is one of the factors contributing to the slow pace of research progress. Moreover, it is not fully understood how students and a supervisor ‘pre-define’ their styles and communicate their expectations through a successful relationship. As a result, the students might lose motivation to do their research during the study period and are not able to complete their research on time. This will subsequently entail an extension of the study period. Without a good relationship between students and the supervisor, miscommunication occurs, leading to mismatched expectations from both parties. This research attempts to explore the establishment of a good supervisor-students’ relationship from supervisor point of views, so that supervision expectations can be clearly delivered and effectively communicated; guidelines will be drawn up for forging the supervisor-students’ relationship basing on mutual expectations of both parties.

  9. Accounting for subordinate perceptions of supervisor power: an identity-dependence model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmer, Steven M; Aguinis, Herman

    2005-11-01

    The authors present a model that explains how subordinates perceive the power of their supervisors and the causal mechanisms by which these perceptions translate into subordinate outcomes. Drawing on identity and resource-dependence theories, the authors propose that supervisors have power over their subordinates when they control resources needed for the subordinates' enactment and maintenance of current and desired identities. The joint effect of perceptions of supervisor power and supervisor intentions to provide such resources leads to 4 conditions ranging from highly functional to highly dysfunctional: confirmation, hope, apathy, and progressive withdrawal. Each of these conditions is associated with specific outcomes such as the quality of the supervisor-subordinate relationship, turnover, and changes in the type and centrality of various subordinate identities. ((c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).

  10. Developing skilled doctor–patient communication in the workplace: a qualitative study of the experiences of trainees and clinical supervisors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Giroldi (Esther); I.K. Veldhuijzen (Irene); Geelen, K. (Kristel); J. Muris; F. Bareman (Frits); H.J. Bueving (Herman); T. van der Weijden (Trudy); C.P.M. van der Vleuten (Cees)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractTo inform the development of recommendations to facilitate learning of skilled doctor–patient communication in the workplace, this qualitative study explores experiences of trainees and supervisors regarding how trainees learn communication and how supervisors support trainees’ learning

  11. The supervisor in the project-organized group work should participate in developing the students' project competencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren

    2004-01-01

    The article demonstrates how the supervisor can facilitate development of competencies as an implicit part of supervising study projects.......The article demonstrates how the supervisor can facilitate development of competencies as an implicit part of supervising study projects....

  12. ATLAS EventIndex Data Collection Supervisor and Web Interface

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia Montoro, Carlos; The ATLAS collaboration; Sanchez, Javier

    2016-01-01

    The EventIndex project consists in the development and deployment of a complete catalogue of events for the ATLAS experiment [1][2] at the LHC accelerator at CERN. In 2015 the ATLAS experiment has produced 12 billion real events in 1 million files, and 5 billion simulated events in 8 million files. The ATLAS EventIndex is running in production since mid-2015, reliably collecting information worldwide about all produced events and storing them in a central Hadoop infrastructure. A subset of this information is copied to an Oracle relational database. This paper presents two components of the ATLAS EventIndex [3]: its data collection supervisor and its web interface partner.

  13. Enhancing the skills of PhD supervisors facing internationalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøgelund, Pia

    2013-01-01

    This research started out due to some institutional changes at a department at Aalborg University as regards supervision of PhD students. For various reasons the department suddenly got a large intake of PhD students in 2008, many of which came with an international background. After a period...... of time staff members of the department began to look very frustrated. Not only did they feel burdened with the large intake, they also struggled with the task of facilitating the transition of international students to become independent scholars. The situation led to the creation of a more general...... interview study within the faculty, and an inquiry into the field of cross-cultural supervision with the purpose of enhancing the skills of PhD supervisors. As is often the case with cross-cultural exchange and inquiry, the study ended up by being just as informative on the supervision cultures and settings...

  14. How personality traits affect clinician-supervisors' work engagement and subsequently their teaching performance in residency training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheepers, Renée A; Arah, Onyebuchi A; Heineman, Maas Jan; Lombarts, Kiki M J M H

    2016-11-01

    Clinician-supervisors often work simultaneously as doctors and teachers. Supervisors who are more engaged for their teacher work are evaluated as better supervisors. Work engagement is affected by the work environment, yet the role of supervisors' personality traits is unclear. This study examined (i) the impact of supervisors' personality traits on work engagement in their doctors' and teachers' roles and (ii) how work engagement in both roles affects their teaching performance. Residents evaluated supervisors' teaching performance, using the validated System for Evaluation of Teaching Qualities. Supervisors' reported work engagement in doctor and teacher roles separately using the validated Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. Supervisors' personality traits were measured using the Big Five Inventory's five factor model covering conscientiousness, agreeableness, extraversion, emotional stability and openness. Overall, 549 (68%) residents and 636 (78%) supervisors participated. Conscientiousness, extraversion and agreeableness were positively associated with supervisors' engagement in their teacher work, which was subsequently positively associated with teaching performance. Conscientious, extraverted, and agreeable supervisors showed more engagement with their teacher work, which made them more likely to deliver adequate residency training. In addition to optimizing the work environment, faculty development and career planning could be tailor-made to fit supervisors' personality traits.

  15. The Supervisor Training Curriculum: Evidence-Based Ways to Promote Work Quality and Enjoyment among Support Staff (Trainee Guide)

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    "The Trainee Guide for the Supervisor Training Curriculum" summarizes key points in the Curriculum and is meant as a note taking and reference tool. The Supervisor Training Curriculum instructs supervisors on ways in which they can direct and motivate staff working with people with intellectual disabilities. Based on three decades of applied…

  16. Pushing too Little, Praising too Much? Intercultural Misunderstandings between a Chinese Doctoral Student and a Dutch Supervisor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hu, Yanjuan; van Veen, Klaas; Corda, Alessandra

    2016-01-01

    To understand the challenges and their causes in interactions between Western supervisors and international doctoral students, we conducted a self-study of our experiences as a Chinese international student and her Dutch supervisor during her doctoral research project. We found the supervisor and th

  17. Pushing too Little, Praising too Much? Intercultural Misunderstandings between a Chinese Doctoral Student and a Dutch Supervisor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hu, Yanjuan; van Veen, Klaas; Corda, Alessandra

    2016-01-01

    To understand the challenges and their causes in interactions between Western supervisors and international doctoral students, we conducted a self-study of our experiences as a Chinese international student and her Dutch supervisor during her doctoral research project. We found the supervisor and th

  18. Integração de rede de Petri e simulação gráfica para verificação de células robóticas colaborativas.

    OpenAIRE

    Adriano José Cunha de Aguiar

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho aborda o problema da concepção de sistemas supervisórios para células robóticas colaborativas flexíveis na indústria aeronáutica. Para esta finalidade, é proposta uma abordagem mista para modelagem e verificação de células robóticas baseada em simulação gráfica de robôs e rede de Petri colorida. Rede de Petri é utilizada para modelar o sistema supervisório que gerencia as atividades dos robôs, a interação com outros elementos e para representar a lógica de programação. Simulação...

  19. Science supervisors' conceptions of biology and the field of science: A qualitative study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jean Radcliff

    1999-12-01

    This study examined the nature, source and formation of science supervisors' cognitive frameworks for biology and for the field of science and the impact of these frameworks on their work in school divisions. The design for this qualitative study was an emergent case study using ethnographic methods. The purposeful sample consisted of five science supervisors selected from different school divisions in three geographic regions of a middle-Atlantic state. Each participant had a background in biology, classroom teaching and full-time supervisory experience. To collect data for this study, an open-ended questionnaire was used to gain an understanding of the nature of the supervisors' conceptions of biology and for the field of science. Two semi-structured interviews, each lasting 1--2 hours in length, were designed to explore the source and formation of the supervisors' conceptual frameworks, and the impact of these frameworks on their work in school divisions. Data were inductively analyzed using a constant comparative approach. The major findings of this study were: (1) All of the supervisors in this study were remarkably cognizant of possessing a framework for biology and for the field of science. (2) The supervisors' frameworks were well-formed, relatively highly complex and showed a variety of organizational patterns. (3) All of the supervisors' diagrams showed evidence of coherent, integrated themes with emphasis on the importance of connections and interrelationships. (4) The supervisors were able to readily articulate sound rationales for construction of their diagrams. (5) Instead of seeing biology as an isolated discipline, the supervisors view biology in the context of science. Overall, the supervisors no longer see their frameworks as biology-content related, but as science-related. (6) Major influences on the source and formation of the supervisors' conceptual frameworks were a result of selected work-related experiences. (7) The supervisors' conceptual

  20. Estudo comparativo de estratégias de controle de robôs manipuladores no espaço de juntas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nardênio Almeida Martins

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo compara algoritmos de controle adaptativo direto propostos para robôs manipuladores no espaço de juntas. Considera-se o controle de seguimento de alta precisão de robôs manipuladores cuja carga é desconhecida. Compara-se um controlador adaptativo proposto com duas versões de controladores adaptativos diretos. As duas versões de métodos de controle adaptativo direto são aquelas propostas por Craig e por Slotine e Li (Spong, 1996. Cada método de controle adaptativo direto tem sido simulado com as mesmas trajetórias, e o desempenho é avaliado baseando-se no comportamento da dinâmica de erro, na precisão do seguimento de trajetória e na estimação de parâmetros

  1. The role of supervisor emotional support on individual job satisfaction: A multilevel analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohl, Sabine; Galletta, Maura

    2017-02-01

    Supervisor emotional support is a strong determinant of job satisfaction. There is no study examining the effect of supervisor emotional support at the group level on job satisfaction. Multilevel statistical techniques can help disentangle the effects of subjective assessments from those of group factors. The study's aim was to examine the moderating role of supervisor emotional support (group-level variable) on the relationship between work engagement and job satisfaction (individual-level variables). A cross-sectional study was performed in 39units from three Belgian hospitals. A total of 323 nurses completed a self-reported questionnaire. We carried out a multilevel analysis by using Hierarchical Linear Modeling. The results showed that the cross-level interaction was significant. Hence, at individual-level, the nurses with high levels of work engagement showed high levels of job satisfaction and this relationship was stronger when supervisor emotional support at group-level was high. Contextual differences among groups had an impact on the form of the work engagement-job satisfaction relationship. This relationship between work engagement and job satisfaction is an individual and group level phenomenon. Ways to enhance emotional supervisor support include training supervisors in providing support and enhancing communication between nurses and supervisors. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Attitudes towards disability management: A survey of employees returning to work and their supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busse, Jason W; Dolinschi, Roman; Clarke, Andrew; Scott, Liz; Hogg-Johnson, Sheilah; Amick, Benjamin C; Rivilis, Irina; Cole, Donald

    2011-01-01

    Return to work after a leave on disability is a common phenomenon, but little is known about the attitudes of employees or their supervisors towards the disability management process. We report on employee and supervisor feedback from one disability management experience. 389 consecutive employees from the Ontario offices of a single private Canadian insurance company returning to work from short-term disability, and their supervisors. We surveyed employees and their supervisors about their experience with, and attitudes towards, the disability management process. Of those surveyed, 88 employees and 75 supervisors provided data (response rates of 22.6% and 19.3% respectively). The majority of respondents (79.1% of employees and supervisors) endorsed positive attitudes towards their disability management experience. More than 25% of employees disagreed with the following three items: case managers contributed to recovery, case managers removed barriers to recovery, and sufficient support was provided in the return to work process. More than 25% of employees and managers reported that a commitment to modify an unhelpful work situation was not followed through. The majority of participating employees returning to work from short-term disability, and their supervisors, reported a high level of satisfaction with the disability management process. Areas that may benefit from attention include some aspects of case manager-employee interaction and ensuring that support during the return to work process is provided, including modification to work situations when appropriate.

  3. Moving empirically supported practices to addiction treatment programs: recruiting supervisors to help in technology transfer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amodeo, Maryann; Storti, Susan A; Larson, Mary Jo

    2010-05-01

    Federal and state funding agencies are encouraging or mandating the use of empirically supported treatments in addiction programs, yet many programs have not moved in this direction (Forman, Bovasso, and Woody, 2001 ; Roman and Johnson, 2002 ; Willenbring et al., 2004 ). To improve the skills of counselors in community addiction programs, the authors developed an innovative Web-based course on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), a widely accepted empirically-supported practice (ESP) for addiction. Federal funding supports this Web course and a randomized controlled trial to evaluate its effectiveness. Since supervisors often play a pivotal role in helping clinicians transfer learned skills from training courses to the workplace, the authors recruited supervisor-counselor teams, engaging 54 supervisors and 120 counselors. Lessons learned focus on supervisor recruitment and involvement, supervisors' perceptions of CBT, their own CBT skills and their roles in the study, and implications for technology transfer for the addiction field as a whole. Recruiting supervisors proved difficult because programs lacked clinical supervisors. Recruiting counselors was also difficult because programs were concerned about loss of third-party reimbursement. Across the addiction field, technology transfer will be severely hampered unless such infrastructure problems can be solved. Areas for further investigation are identified.

  4. How do social networks and faculty development courses affect clinical supervisors' adoption of a medical education innovation? An exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jippes, Erik; Steinert, Yvonne; Pols, Jan; Achterkamp, Marjolein C; van Engelen, Jo M L; Brand, Paul L P

    2013-03-01

    To examine the impact of social networks and a two-day faculty development course on clinical supervisors' adoption of an educational innovation. During 2007-2010, 571 residents and 613 clinical supervisors in four specialties in the Netherlands were invited to complete a Web-based questionnaire. Residents rated their clinical supervisors' adoption of an educational innovation, the use of structured and constructive (S&C) feedback. Clinical supervisors self-assessed their adoption of this innovation and rated their communication intensity with other clinical supervisors in their department. For each supervisor, a centrality score was calculated, representing the extent to which the supervisor was connected to departmental colleagues. The authors analyzed the effects of supervisor centrality and participation in a two-day Teach-the-Teacher course on the degree of innovation adoption using hierarchical linear modeling, adjusting for age, gender, and attitude toward the S&C feedback innovation. Respondents included 370 (60%) supervisors and 357 (63%) residents. Although Teach-the-Teacher course participation (n=172; 46.5%) was significantly related to supervisors' self-assessments of adoption (P=.001), it had no effect on residents' assessments of supervisors' adoption (P=.371). Supervisor centrality was significantly related to innovation adoption in both residents' assessments (P=.023) and supervisors' self-assessments (P=.024). A clinical supervisor's social network may be as important as faculty development course participation in determining whether the supervisor adopts an educational innovation. Faculty development initiatives should use faculty members' social networks to improve the adoption of educational innovations and help build and maintain communities of practice.

  5. Characterization of TetD as a transcriptional activator of a subset of genes of the Escherichia coli SoxS/MarA/Rob regulon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffith, Kevin L; Becker, Stephen M; Wolf, Richard E

    2005-05-01

    In Escherichia coli, SoxS, MarA and Rob form a closely related subset of the AraC/XylS family of positive regulators, sharing approximately 42% amino acid sequence identity over the length of SoxS and the ability to activate transcription of a common set of target genes that provide resistance to redox-cycling compounds and antibiotics. On the basis of its approximately 43% amino acid sequence identity with SoxS, MarA and Rob, TetD, encoded by transposon Tn10, appears to be a fourth member of the subset. However, although its expression has been shown to be negatively regulated by TetC and not inducible by tetracycline, the physiological function of TetD is unknown. Accordingly, in the work presented here, we initiate a molecular characterization of TetD. We show that expression of TetD activates transcription of a subset of the SoxS/MarA/Rob regulon genes and confers resistance to redox-cycling compounds and antibiotics. We show that mutations in the putative TetD binding site of a TetD-activatable promoter and a mutation in the protein's N-terminal DNA recognition helix interfere with transcription activation, thereby indicating that TetD directly activates target gene transcription. Finally, we show that TetD, like SoxS and MarA, is intrinsically unstable; however, unlike SoxS and MarA, TetD is not degraded by Lon or any of the cell's known cytoplasmic ATP-dependent proteases. Thus, we conclude that TetD is a bona fide member of the SoxS/MarA/Rob subfamily of positive regulators.

  6. Anjos, robôs e mundos virtuais: e o corpo carnal, o que vem a ser?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Mérida

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available O universo das novas tecnologias parece nos levar em direção a uma desmaterialização radical. A arte se apoderou dessas técnicas e nos oferece uma viagem aos universos sintéticos nos quais se encontra profundamente modificada a relação que nosso corpo mantém "tradicionalmente" com ele mesmo e com o mundo. A interatividade e o mergulho nos mundos virtuais levam o espectador a um mundo estranho. Anjo, robô, ectoplasma, personagem de HQ ou de ficção cientí­fica: o que vem a ser, então, nosso corpo carnal? Palavras-chave sí­ntese numérica, ambientes virtuais, sensorialismo, imersão Abstract The universe of new technologies seems to be leading us into a radical dematerialization. Art took hold of these techniques and is presenting us with a trip into the synthetic universes in which the relationship that our body "traditionally" keeps with itself and the world has been profoundly changed. The interactivity with and the dive into virtual worlds carry the spectator into a strange world. Angel, robot, ectoplasm, cartoon or science fiction character: what about our flesh and blood body? What is it after all? Key words numerical synthesis; virtual places; sensorialism; immersion.

  7. A rare Robertsonian translocation rob(14;22) carrier with azoospermia, meiotic defects, and testicular sperm aneuploidy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobotka, Vladimir; Vozdova, Miluse; Heracek, Jiri; Rubes, Jiri

    2015-01-01

    Male infertility is a serious problem in an increasing number of couples. We report an infertile man with non-obstructive azoospermia and karyotype 45,XY,rob(14;22). The immunofluorescence analysis of his testicular tissue using antibodies to SYCP1, SYCP3, HORMAD2, MLH1, and centromeres showed delayed synapsis of the chromosomes involved in the translocation, a varying extent of trivalent asynapsis and its association with sex chromosomes. The mean frequency of meiotic recombination per cell was within the range of normal values. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with probes for chromosomes 14 and 22 revealed 5.83% of chromosomally abnormal testicular spermatozoa. FISH with probes for chromosomes X, Y, and 21 showed frequencies of disomic and diploid testicular spermatozoa increased when compared to ejaculated sperm of healthy donors, but comparable with published results for azoospermic patients. PGD by FISH for the translocation and aneuploidy of chromosomes X, Y, 13, 18, and 21 showed a normal chromosomal complement in one out of three analyzed embryos. A healthy carrier girl was born after the embryo transfer. This study shows the benefits of preimplantation genetic diagnosis in a case of a rare Robertsonian translocation carrier with azoospermia and a relatively low frequency of chromosomally unbalanced testicular spermatozoa.

  8. Uso de la robótica educativa como estrategia didáctica en el aula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Barrera Lombana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente texto se aborda una investigación de corte cualitativo, de investigación acción en el aula, que propone actividades lúdicas con robots educativos como pilar de la educación en tecnología, y que tiene como objetivo motivar a los estudiantes y a los educadores para que formulen y apliquen estrategias educativas innovadoras que utilicen como instrumento didáctico plataformas robóticas y dispositivos tecnológicos que hayan concluido su vida útil. De este modo se busca provocar en los estudiantes de educación básica, entusiasmo por desarrollar habilidades que les permitan la construcción de saberes, para dar un uso fundamentado, responsable y crítico a la tecnología. Adicionalmente la propuesta didáctica involucra a los estudiantes en actividades lúdicas con robots educativos para que desarrollen conceptualizaciones que les permitan abordar problemas cotidianos relacionados con el adecuado uso de la tecnología.

  9. Supervisor localization a top-down approach to distributed control of discrete-event systems

    CERN Document Server

    Cai, Kai

    2016-01-01

    This monograph presents a systematic top-down approach to distributed control synthesis of discrete-event systems (DES). The approach is called supervisor localization; its essence is the allocation of external supervisory control action to individual component agents as their internal control strategies. The procedure is: first synthesize a monolithic supervisor, to achieve globally optimal and nonblocking controlled behavior, then decompose the monolithic supervisor into local controllers, one for each agent. The collective behavior of the resulting local controllers is identical to that achieved by the monolithic supervisor. The basic localization theory is first presented in the Ramadge–Wonham language-based supervisory control framework, then demonstrated with distributed control examples of multi-robot formations, manufacturing systems, and distributed algorithms. An architectural approach is adopted to apply localization to large-scale DES; this yields a heterarchical localization procedure, which is...

  10. Leader-member exchange and affective organizational commitment: the contribution of supervisor's organizational embodiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenberger, Robert; Karagonlar, Gokhan; Stinglhamber, Florence; Neves, Pedro; Becker, Thomas E; Gonzalez-Morales, M Gloria; Steiger-Mueller, Meta

    2010-11-01

    In order to account for wide variation in the relationship between leader-member exchange and employees' affective organizational commitment, we propose a concept termed supervisor's organizational embodiment (SOE), which involves the extent to which employees identify their supervisor with the organization. With samples of 251 social service employees in the United States (Study 1) and 346 employees in multiple Portuguese organizations (Study 2), we found that as SOE increased, the association between leader-member exchange and affective organizational commitment became greater. This interaction carried through to in-role and extra-role performance. With regard to antecedents, we found in Study 1 that supervisor's self-reported identification with the organization increased supervisor's expression of positive statements about the organization, which in turn increased subordinates' SOE.

  11. Report: EPA Managers Did Not Hold Supervisors and Project Officers Accountable for Grants Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Report #2005-P-00027, September 27, 2005. Managers did not sufficiently hold supervisors and project officers accountable for grants management because there is no process to measure most grants management activity.

  12. How clinical supervisors develop trust in their trainees: a qualitative study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hauer, K.E.; Oza, S.K.; Kogan, J.R.; Stankiewicz, C.A.; Stenfors-Hayes, T.; ten Cate, TJ; Batt, Joanne; O’Sullivan, P.S.

    2015-01-01

    Context Clinical supervisors oversee trainees’ performance while granting them increasing opportunities to work independently. Although the factors contributing to supervisors’ trust in their trainees to conduct clinical work have been identified, how the development of trust is shaped by these

  13. The Relationship of Interpersonal Attraction, Experience, and Supervisor's Level of Functioning in Dyadic Counseling Supervision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundblad, Lloyd M.; Feinberg, Lawrence B.

    1972-01-01

    Results revealed that interpersonal attraction differentially affects the three facilitative dimensions and that experience mediates attraction differentially depending on the type rather than the amount of experience the supervisor has had. (Author)

  14. Clinical supervision of psychotherapy: essential ethics issues for supervisors and supervisees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Jeffrey E; Molzon, Corey H

    2014-11-01

    Clinical supervision is an essential aspect of every mental health professional's training. The importance of ensuring that supervision is provided competently, ethically, and legally is explained. The elements of the ethical practice of supervision are described and explained. Specific issues addressed include informed consent and the supervision contract, supervisor and supervisee competence, attention to issues of diversity and multicultural competence, boundaries and multiple relationships in the supervision relationship, documentation and record keeping by both supervisor and supervisee, evaluation and feedback, self-care and the ongoing promotion of wellness, emergency coverage, and the ending of the supervision relationship. Additionally, the role of clinical supervisor as mentor, professional role model, and gatekeeper for the profession are discussed. Specific recommendations are provided for ethically and effectively conducting the supervision relationship and for addressing commonly arising dilemmas that supervisors and supervisees may confront.

  15. She Pushed Me, and I Flew: A Duoethnographical Story From Supervisors in Flight

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jacquie Kidd; Mary Patricia Finlayson

    2015-01-01

    .... In this article we use a duoethnographical approach to explore the supervisor-doctoral student dynamic that occurred during the production of a creative thesis from within a science-focused faculty...

  16. A Multitrait Multimethod Comparison of Job Reinforcer Ratings of Supervisors and Supervisees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinsley, Howard E. A.; Weiss, David J.

    1971-01-01

    This data suggests that supervisors and supervisees generally perceive reinforcer characteristics similarly, although the two groups of raters tended to disagree on the extrinsic reinforcers and on the reinforcer characteristics of lower level occupations. (Author)

  17. Retention preferences and the relationship between total rewards, perceived organisational support and perceived supervisor support

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wilmien Smit; Karel Stanz; Mark Bussin

    2015-01-01

    .... Total reward factors, perceived organisational support and perceived supervisor support are distinct but related concepts, all of which appear to influence an employee's decision to stay at an organisation...

  18. Family Supportive Supervisor Behaviors and Organizational Culture: Effects on Work Engagement and Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rofcanin, Yasin; Las Heras, Mireia; Bakker, Arnold B

    2016-04-21

    Informed by social information processing (SIP) theory, in this study, we assessed the associations among family supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSBs) as perceived by subordinates, subordinate work engagement, and supervisor-rated work performance. Moreover, we explored the role of family supportive organizational culture as a contextual variable influencing our proposed associations. Our findings using matched supervisor-subordinate data collected from a financial credit company in Mexico (654 subordinates; 134 supervisors) showed that FSSBs influenced work performance through subordinate work engagement. Moreover, the positive association between subordinates' perceptions of FSSBs and work engagement was moderated by family supportive organizational culture. Our results contribute to emerging theories on flexible work arrangements, particularly on family supportive work policies. Moreover, our findings carry practical implications for improving employee work engagement and work performance. (PsycINFO Database Record

  19. A Model of Supervisor Decision-Making in the Accommodation of Workers with Low Back Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams-Whitt, Kelly; Kristman, Vicki; Shaw, William S; Soklaridis, Sophie; Reguly, Paula

    2016-09-01

    Purpose To explore supervisors' perspectives and decision-making processes in the accommodation of back injured workers. Methods Twenty-three semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with supervisors from eleven Canadian organizations about their role in providing job accommodations. Supervisors were identified through an on-line survey and interviews were recorded, transcribed and entered into NVivo software. The initial analyses identified common units of meaning, which were used to develop a coding guide. Interviews were coded, and a model of supervisor decision-making was developed based on the themes, categories and connecting ideas identified in the data. Results The decision-making model includes a process element that is described as iterative "trial and error" decision-making. Medical restrictions are compared to job demands, employee abilities and available alternatives. A feasible modification is identified through brainstorming and then implemented by the supervisor. Resources used for brainstorming include information, supervisor experience and autonomy, and organizational supports. The model also incorporates the experience of accommodation as a job demand that causes strain for the supervisor. Accommodation demands affect the supervisor's attitude, brainstorming and monitoring effort, and communication with returning employees. Resources and demands have a combined effect on accommodation decision complexity, which in turn affects the quality of the accommodation option selected. If the employee is unable to complete the tasks or is reinjured during the accommodation, the decision cycle repeats. More frequent iteration through the trial and error process reduces the likelihood of return to work success. Conclusion A series of propositions is developed to illustrate the relationships among categories in the model. The model and propositions show: (a) the iterative, problem solving nature of the RTW process; (b) decision resources necessary

  20. A Training Intervention for Supervisors to Support a Work-Life Policy Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naima Laharnar

    2013-09-01

    Conclusion: CBT is an effective strategy to increase supervisors' knowledge and awareness to support policy implementation. The lack of supervisor training and knowledge of an important but complex employee benefit exposes a serious impediment to effective policy implementation and may lead to negative outcomes for the organization and the employee, supporting the Ryan-Kossek model. The results further demonstrate that long-time employees need supplementary training on complex workplace policies such as FMLA.

  1. Clinical teaching in restorative dentistry and the variation between students' and supervisors' perceptions of its effectiveness.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Polyzois, I

    2010-05-01

    To investigate if there was an agreement between the students and supervisors on the quality of clinical teaching in Restorative Dentistry in the Dublin Dental School and Hospital and to identify differences on how effective clinical teaching is perceived between three academic years. In addition it aimed to identify the existence of any similarities between students\\' and supervisors\\' perceptions of specific teaching behaviours that are most and least helpful in learning.

  2. Genetic Counseling Supervisors' Self-Efficacy for Select Clinical Supervision Competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finley, Sabra Ledare; Veach, Pat McCarthy; MacFarlane, Ian M; LeRoy, Bonnie S; Callanan, Nancy

    2016-04-01

    Supervision is a primary instructional vehicle for genetic counseling student clinical training. Approximately two-thirds of genetic counselors report teaching and education roles, which include supervisory roles. Recently, Eubanks Higgins and colleagues published the first comprehensive list of empirically-derived genetic counseling supervisor competencies. Studies have yet to evaluate whether supervisors possess these competencies and whether their competencies differ as a function of experience. This study investigated three research questions: (1) What are genetic counselor supervisors' perceptions of their capabilities (self-efficacy) for a select group of supervisor competencies?, (2) Are there differences in self-efficacy as a function of their supervision experience or their genetic counseling experience, and 3) What training methods do they use and prefer to develop supervision skills? One-hundred thirty-one genetic counselor supervisors completed an anonymous online survey assessing demographics, self-efficacy (self-perceived capability) for 12 goal setting and 16 feedback competencies (Scale: 0-100), competencies that are personally challenging, and supervision training experiences and preferences (open-ended). A MANOVA revealed significant positive effects of supervision experience but not genetic counseling experience on participants' self-efficacy. Although mean self-efficacy ratings were high (>83.7), participant comments revealed several challenging competencies (e.g., incorporating student's report of feedback from previous supervisors into goal setting, and providing feedback about student behavior rather than personal traits). Commonly preferred supervision training methods included consultation with colleagues, peer discussion, and workshops/seminars.

  3. Maximizing work integration in job placement of individuals facing mental health problems: Supervisor experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skarpaas, Lisebet Skeie; Ramvi, Ellen; Løvereide, Lise; Aas, Randi Wågø

    2015-01-01

    Many people confronting mental health problems are excluded from participation in paid work. Supervisor engagement is essential for successful job placement. To elicit supervisor perspectives on the challenges involved in fostering integration to support individuals with mental health problems (trainees) in their job placement at ordinary companies. Explorative, qualitative designed study with a phenomenological approach, based on semi-structured interviews with 15 supervisors involved in job placements for a total of 105 trainees (mean 7, min-max. 1-30, SD 8). Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Superviors experience two interrelated dilemmas concerning knowledge of the trainee and degree of preferential treatment. Challenges to obtaining successful integration were; motivational: 1) Supervisors previous experience with trainees encourages future engagement, 2) Developing a realistic picture of the situation, and 3) Disclosure and knowledge of mental health problems, and continuity challenges: 4) Sustaining trainee cooperation throughout the placement process, 5) Building and maintaining a good relationship between supervisor and trainee, and 6) Ensuring continuous cooperation with the social security system and other stakeholders. Supervisors experience relational dilemmas regarding pre-judgment, privacy and equality. Job placement seem to be maximized when the stakeholders are motivated and recognize that cooperation must be a continuous process.

  4. Quality assessment and comparison of grading between examiners and supervisors of Bachelor theses in nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundgren, Solveig M; Halvarsson, Maud; Robertsson, Barbro

    2008-01-01

    This study compares supervisors' and examiners' grading of quality of theses at Bachelor level in nursing. An instrument developed to asses the quality of theses was used. Eight aspects of quality were rated. One hundred and fifteen theses were rated by both examiner and supervisor. Significant correlations were found between examiners' and supervisors' ratings of all aspects of quality. Good agreement was found in 89-96% of the ratings on individual aspects of quality. The means of differences between ratings were small but significantly differed from zero in four out of eight aspects. In theses rated low for quality of language and formality, differences between examiners' and supervisors' ratings on all aspects of quality were significantly larger than in theses rated high for quality of language and formality. The general conclusion is that the evaluations made by examiners and by supervisors corresponded well. Differences found indicates that examiners in general give lower scores than supervisors especially on quality aspects that are most closely related to research methods and experiences. This study is part of a larger project that is investigating quality of theses and the student's attitudes and learning experiences of writing theses.

  5. An excretory function for the Escherichia coli outer membrane pore TolC: upregulation of marA and soxS transcription and Rob activity due to metabolites accumulated in tolC mutants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosner, Judah L; Martin, Robert G

    2009-08-01

    Efflux pumps function to rid bacteria of xenobiotics, including antibiotics, bile salts, and organic solvents. TolC, which forms an outer membrane channel, is an essential component of several efflux pumps in Escherichia coli. We asked whether TolC has a role during growth in the absence of xenobiotics. Because tolC transcription is activated by three paralogous activators, MarA, SoxS, and Rob, we examined the regulation of these activators in tolC mutants. Using transcriptional fusions, we detected significant upregulation of marRAB and soxS transcription and Rob protein activity in tolC mutants. Three mechanisms could be distinguished: (i) activation of marRAB transcription was independent of marRAB, soxR, and rob functions; (ii) activation of soxS transcription required SoxR, a sensor of oxidants; and (iii) Rob protein was activated posttranscriptionally. This mechanism is similar to the mechanisms of upregulation of marRAB, soxS, and Rob by treatment with certain phenolics, superoxides, and bile salts, respectively. The transcription of other marA/soxS/rob regulon promoters, including tolC itself, was also elevated in tolC mutants. We propose that TolC is involved in the efflux of certain cellular metabolites, not only xenobiotics. As these metabolites accumulate during growth, they trigger the upregulation of MarA, SoxS, and Rob, which in turn upregulate tolC and help rid the bacteria of these metabolites, thereby restoring homeostasis.

  6. Exploring the Relationship between Ethical Leadership and Job Satisfaction with the Mediating Role of the Level of Loyalty to Supervisor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarhan Okan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of ethical leadership behaviour on employees’ both intrinsic and extrinsic job satisfaction and also to find out a possible mediator effect of loyalty to supervisor in this relationship. A total of 223 academic and administrative staff who worked in Gümüşhane University in Turkey constituted the sample of the study. Mediation analysis was used to test the research model. Findings of our analysis have confirmed that ethical leadership is effective on loyalty to supervisor and also loyalty to supervisor increases employees’ job satisfaction. It was understood that from the intrinsic dimension side of job satisfaction, indirect effect had been defined over “Extra Effort for Supervisor, Identification with Supervisor and Internalization of Supervisor’s Values” dimensions of loyalty to supervisor. On the extrinsic dimension side of job satisfaction, “Dedication and Attachment to Supervisor (Ded*Attach, Identification with Supervisor and Internalization Supervisor’s Values” dimensions of loyalty to supervisor variable had mediated the relationship between ethical leadership and job satisfaction. Briefly, as a result of mediator analysis we confirmed that a certain part of the relationship between ethical leadership and job satisfaction came out over loyalty to supervisor.

  7. The Professional Needs of Clinical Practice Supervisors Necesidades de desarrollo profesional de supervisores de prácticas clínicas Necessidades de desenvolvimento profissional de supervisores de prática clínica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Amador-Watson

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This article outlines the principal findings of a study intended fundamentally to research the needs of clinical practice supervisors in terms of their professional development. An online survey was designed and sent to more than 400 supervisors who were asked to supply information on the type of support provided to candidates. The initial results of the study suggest there are three fundamental types of effective support: 1 classroom management; 2 design of classes; and 3 individualized study programs for students with disabilities. Three challenges were identified: 1 gathering comments and observations from school supervisors; 2 not enough time for comments and observations; and 3 insufficient time for conversing with the candidate. The findings of this study suggest the need to develop a systematic approach to counseling and guidance, in addition to having support teams with different functions.Se presentan los principales hallazgos de una investigación cuyo objetivo central fue investigar las necesidades de desarrollo profesional de los supervisores de prácticas clínicas. Se diseñó una encuesta en línea, que se envío a más de 400 supervisores, en la cual se proporcionaba información sobre el tipo de apoyo que brindan a los candidatos. Los resultados iniciales sugieren que hay tres tipos fundamentales de apoyo efectivo: 1. Manejo del salón de clase; 2. Diseño de clases, y 3. Programa individualizado de educación para estudiantes con discapacidades. Se identifican tres desafíos: 1. Recolección de observaciones de supervisores de escuelas; 2. Escasez de tiempo para las observaciones, y 3. Escasez de tiempo para conversar con el candidato. Los hallazgos del estudio señalan la necesidad de desarrollar un enfoque sistémico para proporcionar la asesoría, al igual que contar con equipos de apoyo que tengan funciones diferenciadas.Este artigo apresenta os principáis resultados de um estudo cujo principal objetivo foi pesquisar as

  8. Managerial work behavior and hierarchical level: implications for the managerial training of first-line supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodela, E S

    1991-04-01

    Mintzberg proposed that managers at all levels enact ten roles. There is, however, a relative importance ascribed to the various roles given the manager's location in the hierarchy. Like Mintzberg's ideas on the utility of ten roles, we found that managers at all levels, to varying degrees, need the three skills proposed by Katz. We have argued that a variety of roles and skills describe what managers do. At the same time, the predominance of one role or skill over another may be influenced by the location of the manager in the hierarchy. The question is not whether roles would be enacted at different levels or whether skills will be required, but whether one role or skill or a set of roles and skills will be predominant for the first-line supervisor. The first-line supervisor's work requires that he or she be predominantly proficient in the areas of human and technical skills in order to fulfill supervisory responsibilities. Current empirical research supports this assertion; however, the continuing study of managerial roles and skills and other variables such as functional specialty will offer other opportunities for the study of first-line supervisors. For example, will the predominance of the roles and skills that we have discussed vary if the supervisor is a line or staff manager or if the supervisor works in a production or service related organization? Organizations adapt to change to meet the expectations of those within and outside the organization with something at stake. Organizations need managers to facilitate the realization of organizational goals, so organizations need to continuously train managers, targeting appropriate roles and skills given each manager's location in the hierarchy. The preceding pages should provide resource materials to individuals and organizations interested in evaluating and designing the training and development of first-line supervisors. This roles-and-skills information can be productively utilized to assist the

  9. A model of supervisor decision-making in the accommodation of workers with low back pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams-Whitt, Kelly; Kristman, Vicki; Shaw, William S.; Soklaridis, Sophie; Reguly, Paula

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE To explore supervisors’ perspectives and decision-making processes in the accommodation of back injured workers. METHODS Twenty-three semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with supervisors from eleven Canadian organizations about their role in providing job accommodations. Supervisors were identified through an on-line survey and interviews were recorded, transcribed and entered into NVivo software. The initial analyses identified common units of meaning, which were used to develop a coding guide. Interviews were coded, and a model of supervisor decision-making was developed based on the themes, categories and connecting ideas identified in the data. RESULTS The decision-making model includes a process element that is described as iterative “trial and error” decision-making. Medical restrictions are compared to job demands, employee abilities and available alternatives. A feasible modification is identified through brainstorming and then implemented by the supervisor. Resources used for brainstorming include information, supervisor experience and autonomy, and organizational supports. The model also incorporates the experience of accommodation as a job demand that causes strain for the supervisor. Accommodation demands affect the supervisor’s attitude, brainstorming and monitoring effort and communication with returning employees. Resources and demands have a combined effect on accommodation decision complexity, which in turn affects the quality of the accommodation option selected. If the employee is unable to complete the tasks or is reinjured during the accommodation, the decision cycle repeats. More frequent iteration through the trial and error process reduces the likelihood of return to work success. CONCLUSIONS A series of propositions is developed to illustrate the relationships among categories in the model. The model and propositions show: a) the iterative, problem solving nature of the RTW process; b) decision resources

  10. Experiência brasileira inicial em cirurgia da obesidade robô - assistida Brazilian experience in obesity surgery robot-assisted

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Zugaib Abdalla

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: As técnicas minimamente invasivas associaram-se à cirurgia bariátrica propiciando redução na agressão aos órgãos e sistemas. A robótica é uma nova possibilidade dentro do conceito de mínima invasão. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a experiência inicial da robótica em cirurgia da obesidade. MÉTODOS: Foram operados 27 pacientes no mesmo hospital, pela mesma equipe, com o mesmo sistema cirúrgico que foi Da Vinci S. RESULTADOS: Foram realizadas seis colocações de banda gástrica, cinco gastrectomias verticais e 16 septações gástricas com by-pass em Y-de-Roux. Ocorreu uma complicação importante e nenhum óbito. CONCLUSÕES: A via robótica mostrou-se segura durante experiência inicial, propiciando maior facilidade durante o procedimento em pacientes obesos.BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive techniques were associated with bariatric surgery, leading to a decrease in aggression to the organs and systems. Robotic surgery is a new possibility within the concept of minimal invasion. AIM: To evaluate the initial experience of robotic surgery for obesity. METHODS: Twenty seven patients were operated in the same hospital, by the same team with the same surgical system, Da Vinci S. RESULTS: Were performed six gastric band placement , five sleeve gastrectomies and 16 gastric bypasses. There was one major complication and no death in this series. CONCLUSIONS: The robotic surgery for obesity surgery was safe during the initial experience.

  11. Supervisors' attitudes and skills for active listening with regard to working conditions and psychological stress reactions among subordinate workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mineyama, Sachiko; Tsutsumi, Akizumi; Takao, Soshi; Nishiuchi, Kyoko; Kawakami, Norito

    2007-03-01

    We investigated whether supervisors' listening attitudes and skills were related to working conditions and psychological stress reactions among their subordinates. The subjects included 41 male supervisors and their immediate subordinates (n=203). The supervisors completed a short version of the Active Listening Attitude Scale (ALAS) consisting of two subscales: Listening Attitude and Listening Skill for Active Listening. The subordinates rated working conditions and their psychological stress reactions using selected scales of the Job Content Questionnaire and the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire. Those subordinates who worked under supervisors with a higher score of Listening Attitude and Listening Skill reported a more favorable psychological stress reaction than those who worked under supervisors with a lower score of Listening Attitude and Listening Skill. Those subordinates who worked under supervisors with a higher score of Listening Skill reported higher worksite support than those who worked under supervisors with a lower score of Listening Skill. Those subordinates who worked under supervisors with a higher score of Listening Attitude reported higher job control than those who worked under supervisors with a lower score of Listening Attitude. A supervisor's listening attitude and skill appeared to affect psychological stress reactions predominantly among male subordinates than among female subordinates. Psychological stress reactions were lower among younger subordinates who worked under supervisors with high listening skill, while no statistically difference was observed among older subordinates. These findings suggest that a supervisor's listening attitude and skill have an effect on working conditions and psychological stress reactions among subordinates and that the effects vary according to the subordinates' sex and age.

  12. A Navy Diving Supervisor’s Guide to the Nontechnical Skills Required for Safe and Productive Diving Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    from other high-risk industries (e.g., aviation, nuclear power production, offshore oil production) relevant to Navy dive teams. Furthermore, real...the helmet and was almost out of air. He tried to climb up the umbilical ; however, his attempts were futile. The Diving Supervisor heard gurgling over...most effective offshore oil production supervisors use interpersonal skills more often than less effective supervisors do. When less effective

  13. Algunos parámetros farmacognósticos de Vernonanthura patens (Kunth) H. Rob. (Asteraceae) endémica de Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1028-47962013000100015 Vernonanthura patens (Kunth) H. Rob., arbusto originario de Sudamérica, crece silvestre en el sur ecuatoriano; los pobladores del cantón Marcabelí, provincia del Oro, la conocen como laritaco y utilizan las cocciones acuosas de las hojas para lavar y cicatrizar las heridas, calmar el dolor de cabeza, como antiinflamatorio, calmar la tos y combatir ciertos tipos de cáncer. Las investigaciones biológicas prelimina...

  14. O uso de Arduino na criação de kit para oficinas de robótica de baixo custo para escolas públicas

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Neste trabalho apresentamos o desenvolvimento de um kit para aplicação de oficinas de robótica de baixo custo para introdução às engenharias nas escolas públicas de ensino médio brasileira. Para desenvolver este trabalho foi utilizado a placa microcontrolada Arduino, versão Uno, o Minibloq que é um ambiente de desenvolvimento gráfico para computação física que utiliza blocos para desenvolvimento de programação, também desenvolvemos uma apostila para acompanhamento passos a passo do desenvolvi...

  15. Coordinación y evaluación de la implantación del primer curso de Ingeniería Robótica

    OpenAIRE

    Sirvent-Llamas, Alejandro; Heredia Ávalos, Santiago; Beltrán, M.I.; Esclapés Jover, Francisco Javier; Pujol, Francisco A.; Corbí Bellot, Antonio Miguel; Torres, Fernando; Torrejon, Jose M.; Reyes Perales, José Antonio; Cazorla, Miguel

    2016-01-01

    En el curso 2015-16 se ha implantado la nueva titulación de grado en Ingeniería Robótica en la Universidad de Alicante. Este grado es el primero en el territorio nacional de estas características. El perfil de los estudiantes es una combinación entre un ingeniero industrial y uno informático, perfil muy demandado por las empresas. La principal cuestión que nos planteamos en este estudio es la implantación del primer curso de este novedoso grado. Al ser el primer grado de estas características...

  16. Coordinación, seguimiento y gestión de calidad del Máster Universitario en Automática y Robótica

    OpenAIRE

    Pomares, Jorge; García Gómez, Gabriel Jesús; Jara Bravo, Carlos Alberto; Torres Medina, Fernando; Candelas-Herías, Francisco A.; Puente Méndez, Santiago Timoteo; Gil, Pablo; Gil Chica, Francisco Javier

    2016-01-01

    En la presente memoria se describe la red docente creada con el objetivo de llevar a cabo el seguimiento y aplicación del sistema interno de garantía de calidad de la Escuela Politécnica Superior de la Universidad de Alicante al Máster Universitario en Automática y Robótica. En esta red han participado todos los profesores con docencia en el Máster y han trabajado coordinadamente con el objetivo de recoger los principales indicadores de calidad del Máster atendiendo a distintos criterios. Est...

  17. Una arquitectura neuronal de inspiración biológica para el aprendizaje y control del movimiento de agarre en plataformas robóticas antropomorfas

    OpenAIRE

    Molina Vilaplana, Javier

    2005-01-01

    [ESP]En esta Tesis Doctoral se proponen y desarrollan nuevos modelos neuronales de inspiración biológica para el control y aprendizaje de tareas de agarre por parte de dispositivos robóticos antropomorfos. En la primera parte de la Tesis se lleva a cabo una revisión exhausta de los aspectos más relevantes del comportamiento humano y animal durante movimientos de agarre de objetos en la que se resaltan las características invariantes de dicho movimiento, establecidas a través de numerosos e...

  18. Effect of ingratiation on supervisor satisfaction through helping behavior: A moderated mediation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ali Asadullah

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This research intends to investigate the mediating role of helping behavior in relationship between employee ingratiation and supervisor satisfaction across high and low levels of ingratiation behavior, and answers the questions: how, when and why ingratiation is effective. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected through questionnaire surveys in hotel industry, and structural equation modelling was applied to analyze these data by using hypothetical-deductive approach. Findings: The results indicate that helping behavior is an important mediator of the relationship between ingratiation and supervisor satisfaction. Moreover, ingratiation is also a strong moderator of the relationship between helping behavior and supervisor satisfaction. This research concludes that employee ingratiation positively predicts helping behaviors, and consequently the supervisor satisfaction. Research limitations/implications: This study is not experimental in nature, but a cross-sectional design has been followed. Future research can focus on an experimental design by incorporating a time element, and the design and analysis should be nested since this study did not use multilevel analysis. Moreover, this study used only two forms of ingratiation for measuring employee ingratiation behavior. We suggest researchers to consider all four dimensions of ingratiation by using some distinct scales. Practical implications: This research explains mechanisms underlying supervisor-subordinate relationship, and contributes to organizational behavior research by answering the question; 'when and how ingratiation could be effective?' The findings of this study have important managerial implications, and provide future lines of research.  Social implications: The findings of this research demonstrate that ingratiation is an important tool for satisfying superiors if employees exhibit helping behaviors towards coworkers and supervisors. Particularly, new employees

  19. Supervisor or mentor: is there a difference? Implications for paediatric practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellon, Andrew; Murdoch-Eaton, Deborah

    2015-09-01

    The formal roles of educational and clinical supervisor focus on education planning and goal setting against required training elements. Assessment of performance is integral to these roles that necessarily involve some elements of developmental support to trainees. Mentoring is increasingly seen as a desirable route to support doctors in training. Definitions vary, but core expectations of mentors are that they encourage personal development and offer psychosocial support to a trainee within a longitudinal relationship. A key question is whether a supervisor is the appropriate individual to act as a mentor to an individual trainee. The supervisor's role as an assessor of performance can pose challenges and potential conflicts when providing support relating to other personal needs of trainees along their career paths. It is apparent from the literature that mentoring is a multifaceted role, with different actions required of mentors and supervisors. There is evidence that mentorship can affect specialty choice, academic output and commitment to organisations. Addressing the challenges posed by an ideal of providing mentoring to all trainees is potentially as important as ensuring supervisors of competence. The potential benefits for the profession are of enhancing the development and retention of trainees of high calibre within the paediatric discipline.

  20. Listening to and Sharing of Self in Psychoanalytic Supervision: The Supervisor's Self-Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, C Edward

    2016-08-01

    Just as the analyst's self-perspective is critical to effective analytic process, the supervisor's self-perspective is accordingly critical to effective supervision process. But the supervisor's self-perspective has received virtually no attention as a listening/experiencing perspective in the psychoanalytic supervision literature. In this paper, the author defines the supervisor's self-perspective and considers five ways by which it contributes to an effective supervisory process: (1) sharing one's own impressions of/reactions to patients; (2) sharing personal disclosures about the supervisee-patient relationship; (3) sharing personal disclosures about the supervisee as a developing analytic therapist; (4) sharing personal disclosures about the supervisor-supervisee relationship; and (5) using one's own self-reflection as a check and balance for supervisory action. The supervisor's self-perspective provides the missing supervisory voice in the triadic complement of subject-other-self, has the potential to be eminently educative across the treatment/supervision dyads, and serves as a prototype for the supervisee's own development and use of analytic (or analyst) self-perspective.

  1. An examining the relationship between the trust in supervisors and interactional justice among the tourism employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pınar Çelik

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years there has been a great increase in the number of researches dealing with trust in different disciplines.  The reason of this increase is as modern societies become more and more complicated and disciplines pay more attention to reasons of human behaviour. One of the sectors that human behaviour has a vital and important role is tourism industry.  Knowing the level of trust that employees have for their supervisors in tourism industry will help the enterprises to increase the level of their service quality and their effort to survive for along time in this competitive environment.  When employees trust their supervisors, their added value to the enterprise will increase and they will contribute more to enterprise to reach its pre-set goals. In this study it is aimed to determine the level of trust that tourism employees have for their supervisors and possible results of trust level for the enterprise.  In regression test made between trust in supervisor and interactional justice perception, trust in supervisor can be explained by interactional justice with 63%.

  2. Improving Doctoral Success by Matching PhD Students with Supervisors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antònia Darder

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available A key aspect of the effective supervision of PhD research is the supervisor-student relationship. This interaction is affected by the characteristics and needs of students and institutional conditions, as well as the skills, attitudes, and roles of supervisors and their supervisory styles. When supervision is carried out at a distance, it entails an additional challenge, mainly concerning interaction. The purpose of this study is to improve the research process, supervision, and design of virtual environments in order to support this supervision. The study identifies the supervisory relationships that affect doctoral research conducted at a distance from the student’s academic institution. It also describes how students and their supervisors perceived the characteristics of supervision and the skills and attitudes students perceived in and expected from their supervisors. For data collection, semistructured interviews were used. The results indicate important differences between supervisors’ perceptions concerning their own role and students’ needs regarding supervision, and they demonstrate the importance of attending to student needs and, on the part of supervisors, exercising responsibility in the development of research competencies in students, as is the case of independence of criteria and autonomy.

  3. Clinical supervisors' perceived needs for teaching communication skills in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perron, N Junod; Sommer, J; Hudelson, P; Demaurex, F; Luthy, C; Louis-Simonet, M; Nendaz, M; De Grave, W; Dolmans, D; van der Vleuten, C P M

    2009-07-01

    Lack of faculty training is often cited as the main obstacle to post-graduate teaching in communication skills. To explore clinical supervisors' needs and perceptions regarding their role as communication skills trainers. Four focus group discussions were conducted with clinical supervisors from two in-patient and one out-patient medical services from the Geneva University Hospitals. Focus groups were audio taped, transcribed verbatim and analyzed in a thematic way using Maxqda software for qualitative data analysis. Clinical supervisors said that they frequently addressed communication issues with residents but tended to intervene as rescuers, clinicians or coaches rather than as formal instructors. They felt their own training did not prepare them to teach communication skills. Other barriers to teach communication skills include lack of time, competing demands, lack of interest and experience on the part of residents, and lack of institutional priority given to communication issues. Respondents expressed a desire for experiential and reflective training in a work-based setting and emphasised the need for a non-judgmental learning atmosphere. Results suggest that organisational priorities, culture and climate strongly influence the degree to which clinical supervisors may feel comfortable to teach communication skills to residents. Attention must be given to these contextual factors in the development of an effective communication skills teaching program for clinical supervisors.

  4. Diseño e implementación de un brazo robótico de bajo costo para la automatización en el proceso de análisis bacteriológico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Sebastián Rojas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un brazo robótico antropomórfico de 5 grados de libertad para la automatización del proceso de análisis bacteriológico en laboratorios clínicos, de carácter formativo y bajos costos, con el cual se pueden desarrollar prácticas en robótica y automatización, implementando su control en una tarjeta ARDUINO. Este trabajo permitió a los estudiantes de un curso de robótica básica aplicar estrategias de investigación del tipo experimental como complemento en su formación.

  5. Descondensación de la heterocromatina en bovinos criollos portadores de la translocación Robertsoniana (rob1; 29. Acción del inductor 5-azacitidina-C Heterochromatin decondesation in Creole cattle carrier of Robertsonian franslocation (rob 1; 29. Action of 5-azacytidine-C

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rody Artigas

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La translocación Robertsoniana (rob1; 29 está ampliamente distribuida en razas comerciales y en reservas genéticas de bovinos Criollos americanos. Se ha descrito un enlentecimiento en el desarrollo de embriones portadores de esta aneuploidía, frente a embriones normales. La acción de la 5-aza-C, como agente desmetilante, permitiría descondensar la heterocromatina constitutiva o facultativa. En este trabajo se realiza inducción con el análogo de base 5-aza-C(10mM, 2 hrs en cultivos linfocitarios de una hembra y un macho portadores de la rob1; 29, frente a bovinos Criollos normales. Se controla la acción desmetilante del inductor al identificar la despiralización del cromosoma X de replicación tardía en hembras y permitir el análisis de la despiralización de la cromatina en múltiples regiones de los autosomas (grandes, medianos, pequeños; de la rob1; 29 y del BTA1. Se discute la correlación existente entre regiones desmetiladas con la descondensación de la heterocromatina facultativa (condicional, relacionándola con la inestabilidad genómica, y la reprogramación epigenética.The Robertsonian translocation (rob1; 29 is widely spread in commercial breeds and specially in genetic reserve of American Creole cattle. It is also described a delay on embryo development in front of normal ones. The action of 5-aza-C, as an hypomethylated agent, could permitted to decondensate the constitutive or facultative heterochromatin. In this work we made induction with the 5-aza-C(10mM, 2 hrs analogs, in lymphocyte cultures of female and male carriers and normal Creole cattle. The DNA hypometilation is found in the inactive X chromosome of late replication as it is incorporated during the last hours of cell culture. The decondensing effects of 5-aza-C analogs is observed in multiple regions of the autosomes chromatin, the rob1; 29 and the BTA1. A correlation between hypometilated regions and decondensed of facultative (conditional

  6. Heterochromatin decondesation in Creole cattle carrier of Robertsonian franslocation (rob 1; 29. Action of 5–azacytidine–C Descondensación de la heterocromatina en bovinos criollos portadores de la translocación Robertsoniana (rob1; 29. Acción del inductor 5–azacitidina–C

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Postiglioni Alicia

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The Robertsonian translocation (rob1; 29 is widely spread in commercial breeds and specially in genetic reserve of American Creole cattle. It is also described a delay on embryo development in front of normal ones. The action of 5–aza–C, as an hypomethylated agent, could permitted to decondensate the constitutive or facultative heterochromatin. In this work we made induction with the 5–aza–C(10mM, 2 hrs analogs, in lymphocyte cultures of female and male carriers and normal Creole cattle. The DNA hypometilation is found in the inactive X chromosome of late replication as it is incorporated during the last hours of cell culture. The decondensing effects of 5–aza–C analogs is observed in multiple regions of the autosomes chromatin, the rob1; 29 and the BTA1. A correlation between hypometilated regions and decondensed of facultative (conditional heterochromatin is related with genomic instability, and epigenetic reprogramming.La translocación Robertsoniana (rob1; 29 está ampliamente distribuida en razas comerciales y en reservas genéticas de bovinos Criollos americanos. Se ha descrito un enlentecimiento en el desarrollo de embriones portadores de esta aneuploidía, frente a embriones normales. La acción de la 5–aza–C, como agente desmetilante, permitiría descondensar la heterocromatina constitutiva o facultativa. En este trabajo se realiza inducción con el análogo de base 5–aza–C(10mM, 2 hrs en cultivos linfocitarios de una hembra y un macho portadores de la rob1; 29, frente a bovinos Criollos normales. Se controla la acción desmetilante del inductor al identificar la despiralización del cromosoma X de replicación tardía en hembras y permitir el análisis de la despiralización de la cromatina en múltiples regiones de los autosomas (grandes, medianos, pequeños; de la

  7. Practical advice to support mid-career doctoral students in nursing: some considerations for academic supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Debra; Cleary, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Mid-career students who undertake doctoral studies have often achieved standing and success in their careers and may already hold quite senior leadership positions in the profession. In view of this, mid-career students may struggle with the transition to student, particularly if they have not studied for a number of years and have multiple pressures on their time. Supervisors on the other hand, operate within cultures of performance based indicators, and are under pressure to facilitate timely student completions. While students must take ultimate responsibility for their doctoral work, it is possible for supervisors to identify problems early, and offer practical solutions to assist mid-career students overcome their problems, and facilitate optimal engagement. In this paper we highlight some of the challenges this vulnerable student group can present, and identify some practical strategies supervisors can suggest to assist in the timely and successful completion of doctorate degrees.

  8. A Multiple Source Approach to Organisational Justice: The Role of the Organisation, Supervisors, Coworkers, and Customers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustin Molina

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The vast research on organisational justice has focused on the organisation and the supervisor. This study aims to further this line of research by integrating two trends within organisational justice research: the overall approach to justice perceptions and the multifoci perspective of justice judgments. Specifically, this study aims to explore the effects of two additional sources of justice, coworker-focused justice and customer-focused justice, on relevant employees’ outcomes—burnout, turnover intentions, job satisfaction, and workplace deviance— while controlling the effect of organisation-focused justice and supervisor-focused justice. Given the increased importance attributed to coworkers and customers, we expect coworker-focused justice and customer-focused justice to explain incremental variance in the measured outcomes, above and beyond the effects of organisation-focused justice and supervisor-focused justice. Participants will be university students from Austria and Germany employed by service organisations. Data analysis will be conducted using structural equation modeling.

  9. Perceived supervisor support: contributions to perceived organizational support and employee retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenberger, Robert; Stinglhamber, Florence; Vandenberghe, Christian; Sucharski, Ivan L; Rhoades, Linda

    2002-06-01

    Three studies investigated the relationships among employees' perception of supervisor support (PSS), perceived organizational support (POS), and employee turnover. Study 1 found, with 314 employees drawn from a variety of organizations, that PSS was positively related to temporal change in POS, suggesting that PSS leads to POS. Study 2 established, with 300 retail sales employees, that the PSS-POS relationship increased with perceived supervisor status in the organization. Study 3 found, with 493 retail sales employees, evidence consistent with the view that POS completely mediated a negative relationship between PSS and employee turnover. These studies suggest that supervisors, to the extent that they are identified with the organization, contribute to POS and, ultimately, to job retention.

  10. DOE handbook: Guide to good practices for the selection, training, and qualification of shift supervisors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-04-01

    This Department of Energy (DOE) handbook is approved for use by all DOE Components and their contractors. The Handbook incorporates editorial changes to DOE-STD-1061-93, ``Guide to Good Practices for the Selection, Training, and Qualification of shift Supervisors,`` and supersedes DOE-STD-1061-93. Technical content of this Handbook has not changed from the original technical standard. Changes are primarily editorial improvements, redesignation of the standard to a Handbook, and format changes to conform with current Technical Standards Program procedures. This guide, used in conjunction with a facility-specific job analysis, provides a framework for the selection, training, qualification, and professional development of reactor facility and non-reactor nuclear facility shift supervisors. Training and qualification programs based on this guide should provide assurance that shift supervisors perform their jobs safely and competently.

  11. Supervisors' upward exchange relationships and subordinate outcomes: testing the multilevel mediation role of empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Le; Wang, Mo; Chen, Gilad; Shi, Junqi

    2012-05-01

    This study empirically examined the proposition that supervisors' exchange relationships with their own supervisors (i.e., leader-leader exchange, or LLX) are related to their subordinates' work-related outcomes through 3 mechanisms: (a) leaders modeling their LLX to develop and maintain their exchange relationships with their subordinates (i.e., leader-member exchange, or LMX), (b) motivating the team and its members, captured by team and individual empowerment, and (c) facilitating the relationships between LMX and individual outcomes. Analyses of multisource and lagged data from 104 team supervisors and 577 subordinates showed that LMX mediated the positive relationship of LLX on subordinates' individual empowerment. Furthermore, team empowerment and individual empowerment sequentially mediated the positive relationships between LLX and subordinates' job satisfaction and job performance. The authors also found that the indirect relationships of LMX with job satisfaction and job performance via individual empowerment were stronger when LLX was higher. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

  12. Organizational safety climate and supervisor safety enforcement: Multilevel explorations of the causes of accident underreporting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Probst, Tahira M

    2015-11-01

    According to national surveillance statistics, over 3 million employees are injured each year; yet, research indicates that these may be substantial underestimates of the true prevalence. The purpose of the current project was to empirically test the hypothesis that organizational safety climate and transactional supervisor safety leadership would predict the extent to which accidents go unreported by employees. Using hierarchical linear modeling and survey data collected from 1,238 employees in 33 organizations, employee-level supervisor safety enforcement behaviors (and to a less consistent extent, organizational-level safety climate) predicted employee accident underreporting. There was also a significant cross-level interaction, such that the effect of supervisor enforcement on underreporting was attenuated in organizations with a positive safety climate. These results may benefit human resources and safety professionals by pinpointing methods of increasing the accuracy of accident reporting, reducing actual safety incidents, and reducing the costs to individuals and organizations that result from underreporting.

  13. A robótica educacional como ferramenta metodológica no processo ensino-aprendizagem: uma experiência com a segunda lei de Newton na série final do ensino fundamental

    OpenAIRE

    Zanatta, Ronnie Petter Pereira

    2014-01-01

    Acompanha: Proposta didática: a robótica educacional como ferramenta metodológica no processo ensino-aprendizagem: uma experiência com a segunda lei de Newton no ano final do ensino fundamental, p. 92. As tecnologias, no decorrer da história, têm apoiado e ressignificado os diferentes processos de ensino-aprendizagem, ao mesmo tempo em que são influenciadas por esses processos. A robótica educacional, assim como os mais recentes recursos didático-tecnológicos, abre novas possibilidades edu...

  14. Metodología para definir los criterios de diseño de una estructura robótica en tuberías petroleras de operación vertical

    OpenAIRE

    Urdaneta Lima, María Alejandra; Garcia Cena, Cecilia Elisabet; Saltaren Pazmiño, Roque Jacinto; Contreras, Gustavo; Ejarque Rinaldini, Gonzalo

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo propone la aplicación de la metodología de despliegue de la función de calidad para definir los criterios de diseño de un robot deslizante para trabajar en tareas de inspección y mantenimiento en pozos petroleros. Dicho estudio analiza inicialmente el sistema y las diferentes opciones para la colocación de una estructura robótica evaluando alternativas y estudiando una estructura robótica para tal fin. Para ello se realizó una consulta por medio de encuesta a varios e...

  15. Experiencia de laboratorio en robótica: de las tortugas simuladas a los robots y juguetes autónomos una oportunidad para la enseñanza de programación

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Las experiencias se enmarcan en el contexto de las Tecnologías en Educación, en materia de robótica, se presentan específicamente aquellas que contribuyen a la conformación de un laboratorio en robótica, integrado básicamente por robots clásicos, bípedos y cuadrúpedos que se encuentran en la categoría de juguetes autónomos, esta última característica facilitó un amplio acceso a distintas universidades, institutos y particulares de distintas partes del mundo motivados por su bajo costo y la do...

  16. Desarrollo de un método de captación de movimiento humano para el control remoto de terapias de rehabilitación robóticas

    OpenAIRE

    Vivas Mateos, Guillermo

    2016-01-01

    Ciertas patologías de origen neurológico como los infartos cerebrales o la parálisis cerebral pueden provocar deficiencias en las capacidades motrices de los afectados. Las plataformas robóticas de rehabilitación, son robots especialmente diseñados para asistir en terapias de rehabilitación, ayudando a mejorar la recuperación del paciente. Además, estas terapias robóticas aportan una mejora en su motivación, ya que el uso de robots suele resultar atractivo a la población, en especial a los ni...

  17. A Study of H2 Emission in Three Bipolar Proto-Planetary Nebulae: IRAS 16594-4656, Hen 3-401, and Rob 22

    CERN Document Server

    Hrivnak, Bruce J; Su, Kate Y L; Sahai, Raghvendra

    2008-01-01

    We have carried out a spatial-kinematical study of three proto-planetary nebulae, IRAS 16594-4656, Hen 3-401, and Rob 22. High-resolution H2 images were obtained with NICMOS on the HST and high-resolution spectra were obtained with the Phoenix spectrograph on Gemini-South. IRAS 16594-4656 shows a "peanut-shaped" bipolar structure with H2 emission from the walls and from two pairs of more distant, point-symmetric faint blobs. The velocity structure shows the polar axis to be in the plane of the sky, contrary to the impression given by the more complex visual image and the visibility of the central star, with an ellipsoidal velocity structure. Hen 3-401 shows the H2 emission coming from the walls of the very elongated, open-ended lobes seen in visible light, along with a possible small disk around the star. The bipolar lobes appear to be tilted 10-15 deg with respect to the plane of the sky and their kinematics display a Hubble-like flow. In Rob 22, the H2 appears in the form of an "S" shape, approximately trac...

  18. Técnicas de controle adaptativo direto para robôs manipuladores no espaço da tarefa: um estudo comparativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nardênio Almeida Martins

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo compara técnicas de controle adaptativo direto propostas para robôs manipuladores no espaço da tarefa. Considera-se o controle de seguimento de alta precisão de robôs manipuladores cuja carga é desconhecida. Faz-se a comparação, no espaço da tarefa, de um controlador adaptativo proposto com as técnicas de controle adaptativo direto apresentadas por Craig e por Slotine e Li (Spong, 1996. Cada técnica de controle adaptativo direto no espaço da tarefa tem sido simulada com trajetórias iguais e o desempenho é avaliado baseando-se no comportamento dos erros de seguimento (de posição e de velocidade, na precisão do seguimento de trajetória e na estimação de parâmetros desconhecidos

  19. On the abuses by the thesis supervisor in the light of the academic ethos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Świtalska

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper will attempt to provide an ethical reflection upon abuses by a thesis supervisor that may occur in interpersonal relationships between a student and his or her supervisor. The abuses will be considered from the perspective of the academic ethos. In this the author will focus upon the actual notion of ethos and values which are considered as constituent for the ethos of scholars. In the second part of the paper the author will reflect on which of the thesis supervisor’s attitudes constitute a betrayal of these values.

  20. Training organizational supervisors to detect and prevent cyber insider threats: two approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dee H. Andrews

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Cyber insider threat is intentional theft from, or sabotage of, a cyber system by someone within the organization. This article explores the use of advanced cognitive and instructional principles to accelerate learning in organizational supervisors to mitigate the cyber threat. It examines the potential advantage of using serious games to engage supervisors. It also posits two systematic instructional approaches for this training challenge – optimal path modelling and a competency-based approach. The paper concludes by discussing challenges of evaluating training for seldom occurring real world phenomena, like detecting a cyber-insider threat.

  1. LIDERAZGO TRANSFORMADOR Y SATISFACCIÓN LABORAL: EL ROL DE LA CONFIANZA EN EL SUPERVISOR / TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND JOB SATISFACTION: THE ROLE OF TRUSTING IN THE SUPERVISOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Omar*

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMENEl objetivo de la presente investigación fue analizar las posibles relaciones entre la satisfacción laboral y las percepcionesdel supervisor como un líder transformador, así como verificar el papel de la confianza sobre tales relaciones. Se estudió unamuestra de 218 trabajadores argentinos, de empresas públicas y privadas de la zona centro del país. Análisis de correlacionesmostraron importantes asociaciones entre las diferentes facetas del liderazgo transformador (consideración individualizada,motivación inspiradora, influencia idealizada y estimulación intelectual, la confianza en el supervisor, la satisfacción laboraly la satisfacción con la vida en general. Un análisis de regresión mediada mostró el papel modulador de la confianza en elsupervisor en las relaciones entre percepciones de liderazgo transformador y satisfacción laboral. Se enumeran las debilidadesy fortalezas del trabajo y se ofrecen sugerencias para futuros estudios.ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was analyzing the possible relationships between job satisfaction and perceptions ofsupervisor as a transformational leader, as well as, verifies the role of trust on such relationships. We studied a sample of 218Argentine workers of public and private organizations of the central zone of the country. Correlation analysis showedsignificant associations between the different facets of transformational leadership (individualized consideration, inspirationalmotivation, idealized influence, and intellectual stimulation, trust in supervisor, job satisfaction, and satisfaction with life ingeneral. Mediated regression analysis demonstrated the moderating role of trust in the supervisor in the relations betweenperceptions of transformational leadership and job satisfaction. The strengths and weaknesses of the work are presented,and suggestions for future studies are provided.

  2. How Do Social Networks and Faculty Development Courses Affect Clinical Supervisors' Adoption of a Medical Education Innovation? An Exploratory Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jippes, Erik; Steinert, Yvonne; Pols, Jan; Achterkamp, Marjolein C.; van Engelen, Jo M. L.; Brand, Paul L. P.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose To examine the impact of social networks and a two-day faculty development course on clinical supervisors' adoption of an educational innovation. Method During 2007-2010, 571 residents and 613 clinical supervisors in four specialties in the Netherlands were invited to complete a Web-based qu

  3. Training residential supervisors to provide feedback for maintaining staff teaching skills with people who have severe disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, M B; Reid, D H

    1995-01-01

    We evaluated procedures for training supervisors in a residential setting to provide feedback for maintaining direct-service staff members ' teaching skills with people who have severe disabilities. Using classroom-based instruction and on-the-job observation and feedback, 10 supervisors were initially trained to implement teaching programs themselves. The training improved supervisors' teaching skills but was insufficient to improve the quality of feedback they provided to direct-service staff regarding the staff members' teaching skills. Subsequently, classroom-based instruction and on-the-job observation and feedback that targeted supervisors' feedback skills were provided. Following training in provision of feedback, all supervisors met criterion for providing feedback to their staff. Results also indicated that maintenance of teaching skills was greater for direct-service staff whose supervisors had received training in providing feedback relative to staff whose supervisors had not received such training. The need for analysis of other variables that affect maintenance of staff performance, as well as variables that affect other important areas of supervisor performance, is discussed.

  4. Misery loves company: team dissonance and the influence of supervisor-focused interpersonal justice climate on team cohesiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoverink, Adam C; Umphress, Elizabeth E; Gardner, Richard G; Miner, Kathi N

    2014-11-01

    The organizational justice literature has examined the effects of supervisor-focused interpersonal justice climate, or a team's shared perception of the dignity and respect it receives from its supervisor, on a number of important outcomes directed at organizational authorities. Considerably less is known about the potential influence of these shared perceptions on coworker-directed outcomes. In 2 experiments, we predict that a low (unfair) supervisor-focused interpersonal justice climate generates greater team cohesiveness than a high (fair) supervisor-focused interpersonal justice climate. We further examine the process through which this effect occurs. Drawing from cognitive dissonance theory, we predict that low (vs. high) supervisor-focused interpersonal justice climate generates greater team dissonance, or shared psychological discomfort, for team members and that this dissonance serves as an underlying mechanism through which supervisor-focused interpersonal justice climate influences a team's cohesiveness. Our results demonstrate support for these predictions in that low supervisor-focused interpersonal justice climate led to higher levels of both team dissonance and team cohesiveness than did high supervisor-focused interpersonal justice climate, and team dissonance mediated this relationship. Implications and areas for future research are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).

  5. The Teacher's Roles in Light of Knowledge Economy from the Perspective of the Educational Supervisors' in Palestine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabbah, Suhair Sulaiman Mohammed; Naser, Inas Aref Saleh; Awajneh, Ahlam Mustafa Hasan

    2016-01-01

    This study aims at identifying the teacher's roles in light of knowledge economy from the perspective of the educational supervisors in Palestine. To achieve the study's objective, a questionnaire consisted of 35 items was developed and applied on 50 male and female supervisors in the Directorate of Education in governorate of Ramallah, al-Bireh…

  6. How Does Supervisor Support Influence Turnover Intent Among Frontline Hospital Workers? The Mediating Role of Affective Commitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Helen M; Swanberg, Jennifer E; Bright, Charlotte Lyn

    2016-01-01

    Turnover among frontline hospital service workers can disrupt organizational effectiveness, reduce profitability, and limit the ability to provide high-quality, patient-centered care. This concern is compounded by the increasing reliance on frontline supervisors to manage this workforce, often without necessary training and support. However, research addressing the relationship between frontline supervisor support and intent to turnover among service workers and the process by which these variables are related is limited. By surveying 270 housekeeping and dietary service workers employed at 2 US hospitals, this study examined the relationship between supervisor support and turnover intent and assessed the mediating role of affective commitment between supervisor support and intent to turnover. Turnover intentions were lower for workers who reported greater levels of supervisor support and affective commitment; both supervisor support and affective commitment were significant predictors of turnover intent when tested individually. However, when controlling for affective commitment, supervisor support no longer predicted turnover intent, indicating that affective commitment fully mediated the relationship between supervisor support and intent to turnover. Implications for further research and organizational practice are discussed.

  7. A critical evaluation of the validity and the reliability of global competency constructs for supervisor assessment of junior medical trainees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McGill, D.A.; Vleuten, C.P.M. van der; Clarke, M.J.

    2013-01-01

    Supervisor assessments are critical for both formative and summative assessment in the workplace. Supervisor ratings remain an important source of such assessment in many educational jurisdictions even though there is ambiguity about their validity and reliability. The aims of this evaluation is to

  8. Does Research Degree Supervisor Training Work? The Impact of a Professional Development Induction Workshop on Supervision Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCulloch, Alistair; Loeser, Cassandra

    2016-01-01

    Supervisor induction and continued professional development programmes constitute good practice and are enshrined in institutional policies and national codes of practice. However, there is little evidence about whether they have an impact on either supervisors' learning or day-to-day practice. Set in a discussion of previous literature, this…

  9. Role of Headmasters, Teachers, and Supervisors in Knowledge Transfer about Occupational Health and Safety to Pupils in Vocational Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ing-Marie Andersson

    2015-12-01

    Conclusion: Teachers and supervisors did not plan the training in OHS in accordance with the provisions of systematic work environment management. Instead, the teachers based the training on their own experiences. Most of the supervisors did not receive information from the schools as to what should be included when introducing OHS issues in WPL.

  10. 30 CFR 250.172 - When may the Regional Supervisor grant or direct an SOO or SOP?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... direct an SOO or SOP? 250.172 Section 250.172 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... Suspensions § 250.172 When may the Regional Supervisor grant or direct an SOO or SOP? The Regional Supervisor may grant or direct an SOO or SOP under any of the following circumstances: (a) When necessary...

  11. The Relation between Supervisor Self-Disclosure and the Working Alliance among Social Work Students in Field Placement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Clare

    2011-01-01

    The author examined supervisor self-disclosure and the supervisory working alliance with the hope of adding to research-supported techniques in field work supervision. Students enrolled in an MSW program at a large urban university were asked to complete a survey on the frequency and content of their supervisor's self-disclosures and on their…

  12. 5 CFR 412.202 - Systematic training and development of supervisors, managers, and executives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Systematic training and development of supervisors, managers, and executives. 412.202 Section 412.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS SUPERVISORY, MANAGEMENT, AND EXECUTIVE DEVELOPMENT Succession...

  13. Scratching the Knowledge Base Surface of Ministry of Education (MOE English Teacher Supervisors in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Ayatollah Razmjoo

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Based on the expert observation that the teacher “supervisor’s role is, in part, culturally defined” (Bailey, 2006, p.6, and the perceived gap that few supervisors receive formal training, in the current study, the researchers report on the views of Ministry of Education (MOE teachers and supervisors in the Iranian context as to what constitutes the knowledge base of supervisors. Having conducted qualitative content analysis on the data gleaned from interviews with the teachers and supervisors and open-ended questionnaires, we came up with a framework of supervisory skill/knowledge domains – one encompassing public relations skills, subject matter knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge, and contextual sensitivity. The results show that teachers by and large, by voicing their discontent with current supervisory routines, opt for humanistic supervisory procedures. The study, hoping to be taken up with more supervisory knowledge base studies, ends with advice on building supervisory preparation courses into existing teacher development programs. Keywords: Iran, language teacher supervision, knowledge base, Ministry of Education, pedagogical content knowledge

  14. A Study of Supervisor and Employee Perceptions of Work Attitudes in Information Age Manufacturing Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azam, Md. Shafiqul; Brauchle, Paul E.

    2003-01-01

    The self-perceived work ethic of industrial employees in information jobs (N=304) and non-information jobs (N=277), and employees' work ethic as assessed by their supervisors, were examined using the Occupational Work Ethic Inventory (OWEI). A Principle Components Analysis yielded four factors (Teamwork, Dependability, Ambition and Self-Control)…

  15. Safety and Health for Industrial/Vocational Education; for Supervisors and Instructors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firenze, Robert J.; Walters, James B.

    This course is designed to enable industrial/vocational education supervisors and instructors to establish and administer effective safety and health programs in their schools. Although the course is intended as complete training to be given over a 3-day period, it may be divided into individual units for presentation over longer periods of time.…

  16. Management competencies required in the transition from a technician to a supervisor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibongile R. Mahlangu (Kubheka

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Technicians are frequently promoted to supervisory positions based on their technical abilities, with scant attention focused on developing management competencies. This oversight often poses significant challenges. The effective transition from technician to supervisor is important in any organisation.Research objective: The primary objective is to identify and verify the competencies that are required for a technician and a supervisory position; the secondary objective is to identify the gap that must be filled with relevant training interventions to enable technicians to make an effective transition to a supervisory position.Motivation for this study: The identification of the management competencies required for a technician who makes a career change to a supervisor position.Research method: The sequential mixed method approach was used to enable the twophase data collection process: phase one was the quantitative phase and phase two was the qualitative phase. Main findings: The overall findings confirm that there are indeed management competencies that technicians require training and development on before being promoted to a supervisory position.Implication: Organisations need to identify the key competencies for a technician and a supervisor and implement development or training interventions that are essential to successfully transition an employee from the level of a technician to the level of a supervisor.Contribution: Organisations need to implement essential development or training interventions focused on developing management competencies and put in place support interventions such as coaching, job shadowing, mentoring and networking.

  17. The relation between feedback perceptions and the supervisor-student relationship in master's thesis projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Kleijn, Renske A M; Meijer, Paulien C.; Pilot, Albert; Brekelmans, Mieke

    2014-01-01

    Research supervision can be investigated from social-emotional and cognitive perspectives, but most studies include only one perspective. This study aims to understand the interplay between a social-emotional (supervisor-student relationship) and cognitive (feedback) perspective on the outcomes of m

  18. The Perceived Impacts of Supervisor Reinforcement and Learning Objectives Importance on Transfer of Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kisung; Pucel, David J.

    1998-01-01

    This study, conducted within a Managerial Leadership Program in an oil refinery and chemical company in Korea, investigates the relationships between: perceived importance of training objectives and perceived transfer of training relative to those objectives, and types of supervisor reinforcement which trainees perceive to be most motivating and…

  19. Protean and Boundaryless Career Attitudes and Organizational Commitment: The Effects of Perceived Supervisor Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cakmak-Otluoglu, K. Ovgu

    2012-01-01

    Despite the traditional sentiment that protean and boundaryless career attitudes indicate a decline in organizational commitment, little empirical evidence is available. The present study examined the relation of protean and boundaryless career attitudes to organizational commitment and whether the perceived supervisor support moderated these…

  20. Training Issues for Supervisors of Marriage and Family Therapists Working with Persons Living with HIV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serovich, Julianne M.; Mosack, Katie E.

    2000-01-01

    Identifies three special issues and considerations Marital and Family Therapy supervisors might face with the increasing HIV/AIDS epidemic. Issues include: (1) the importance of educating therapists regarding various aspects of the disease process and transmission; (2) the ethical and legal ramifications; and (3) the considerations provided to…

  1. The Focus of Supervisor Written Feedback to Thesis/Dissertation Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bitchener, John; Basturkmen, Helen; East, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Written feedback on drafts of a thesis or dissertation is arguably the most important source of input on what is required or expected of thesis-writing students by the academic community. Despite its importance, relatively little is known about what type of information supervisors focus on when giving feedback. This article presents the findings…

  2. The Ignorant Supervisor: About Common Worlds, Epistemological Modesty and Distributed Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engels-Schwarzpaul, A.-Chr.

    2015-01-01

    When postgraduate researchers' interests lie outside the body(ies) of knowledge with which their supervisors are familiar, different supervisory approaches are called for. In such situations, questions concerning the appropriateness of traditional models arise, which almost invariably involve a budding candidate's relationship with a…

  3. Creating a "Third Space" in Student Teaching: Implications for the University Supervisor's Status as Outsider

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuenca, Alexander; Schmeichel, Mardi; Butler, Brandon M.; Dinkelman, Todd; Nichols, Joseph R., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    The work of teacher education during student teaching typically takes place in two distinct "spaces": placement sites and college/university settings. The program featured in this article is structured in ways that clearly mark out those two spaces. Yet this configuration led our university supervisors, whose work primarily took place in the…

  4. Fairness perceptions of supervisor feedback, LMX, and employee well-being at work

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sparr, J.L.; Sonnentag, S.E.

    2008-01-01

    In a field study we examined employees' fairness perceptions of supervisor feedback and their relationships with employee well-being (job depression, job anxiety, job satisfaction, turnover intentions) and perceived control at work. We hypothesized quality of leader - member exchange (LMX) to partia

  5. Instructiveness of feedback during clerkships : Influence of supervisor, observation and student initiative

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hell, Elisabeth A.; Kuks, Jan B.M.; Raat, A.N.; van Lohuizen, M.T.; Cohen-Schotanus, J.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Several authors assume that the supervisor's role, observation of behaviour and students' active participation are important factors in the instructiveness of feedback. Aim: This study aims to provide empirical evidence for these expectations. Methods: For two weeks, 142 clerks from eigh

  6. What Supervisors Say in Their Feedback: Construction of CanMEDS Roles in Workplace Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renting, Nienke; Dornan, Tim; Gans, Rijk O. B.; Borleffs, Jan C. C.; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke; Jaarsma, A. Debbie C.

    2016-01-01

    The CanMEDS framework has been widely adopted in residency education and feedback processes are guided by it. It is, however, only one of many influences on what is actually discussed in feedback. The sociohistorical culture of medicine and individual supervisors' contexts, experiences and beliefs are also influential. Our aim was to find how…

  7. Balancing Feedback and Inquiry: How Novice Observers (Supervisors) Learn from Inquiry into Their Own Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilbourn, Brent; Keating, Catherine; Murray, Karen; Ross, Irene

    2005-01-01

    Giving constructive feedback to a teacher is a complex process. This article addresses the difficulty of giving feedback by discussing three different cases, each of which illustrates a dimension of the complexity of learning the process. It argues that an attitude of inquiry increases the likelihood that a novice observer (supervisor) will become…

  8. Core Competencies in Advanced Training: What Supervisors Say about Graduate Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Thorana S.; Graves, Todd

    2011-01-01

    In an attempt to identify needed mental health skills, many professional organizations have or are in the process of establishing core competency standards for their professions. The AAMFT identified 128 core competencies for the independent practice of MFT. The aim of this study was to learn the opinions of AAMFT Approved Supervisors as to how…

  9. Manifestación del Liderazgo Transformacional en un Grupo de Supervisores de Puerto Rico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Armando Pérez Santiago

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación se realizó con el propósito de identificar el estilo de liderazgo que mayormente se atribuye utilizar un grupo de supervisores puertorriqueños. De igual forma, deseamos comparar si estas atribuciones presentaban diferencias significativas entre mujeres y hombres. Un total de 200 supervisores/ as participaron en este estudio, 112 mujeres y 88 hombres. Los resultados apoyan la aplicabilidad de la teoría de rango completo de liderazgo en los líderes puertorriqueños. Se identificaron diferencias significativas al comparar las atribuciones de los supervisores/as, presentando las mujeres niveles de liderazgo transformacional y transaccional superiores al compararlas con los hombres. No se encontraron diferencias significativas al considerar otras variables demográficas relevantes, como tampoco una interacción de éstas con el género del supervisor. Estos resultados se discuten de acuerdo a los hallazgos en otros estudios fuera de Puerto Rico y sus implicaciones para el manejo de este tema en nuestro país.

  10. Validation of the Implementation Leadership Scale (ILS) with Supervisors' Self-Ratings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Elisa M; Ehrhart, Mark G; Beidas, Rinad S; Farahnak, Lauren R; Finn, Natalie K; Aarons, Gregory A

    2017-02-08

    Although often discussed, there is a lack of empirical research on the role of leadership in the management and delivery of health services. The implementation leadership scale (ILS) assesses the degree to which leaders are knowledgeable, proactive, perseverant, and supportive during evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the ILS for leaders' self-ratings using a sample of mental health clinic supervisors (N = 119). Supervisors (i.e., leaders) completed surveys including self-ratings of their implementation leadership. Confirmatory factor analysis, reliability, and validity of the ILS were evaluated. The ILS factor structure was supported in the sample of supervisors. Results demonstrated internal consistency reliability and validity. Cronbach alpha's ranged from 0.92 to 0.96 for the ILS subscales and 0.95 for the ILS overall scale. The factor structure replication and reliability of the ILS in a sample of supervisors demonstrates its applicability with employees across organizational levels.

  11. What supervisors say in their feedback : construction of CanMEDS roles in workplace settings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renting, Nienke; Dornan, Tim; Gans, Rijk O. B.; Borleffs, Jan C. C.; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke; Jaarsma, A. Debbie C.

    The CanMEDS framework has been widely adopted in residency education and feedback processes are guided by it. It is, however, only one of many influences on what is actually discussed in feedback. The sociohistorical culture of medicine and individual supervisors' contexts, experiences and beliefs

  12. The Stories of Expert and Novice Student Teachers' Supervisors: Perspectives on Professional Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremer-Hayon, Lya

    1991-01-01

    Three expert and three novice student teacher supervisors were interviewed on the ways in which they perceived their professional development, focusing on knowledge and change, reflection and criticism, theory and research, ideology and values, human relations, and difficulties. Results indicated substantial differences in the developmental stages…

  13. Rights and Responsibilities. Supervisory Skills Module. Operational Management Programme. Increasing Opportunities for Supervisors and Managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Rodney

    This self-instructional unit for supervisors and managers in the British hotel and catering industry is designed to consolidate the work covered in a 1-day course. The document begins with an introduction and advice on how to use the unit. The following topics are covered: (1) the law and personnel procedures; (2) consultation and negotiation; (3)…

  14. Staff Retention. Personnel Management Module. Operational Management Programme. Increasing Opportunities for Supervisors and Managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Jennifer

    This self-instructional unit for supervisors and managers in the British hotel and catering industry is based on the view that problems in staff recruitment and retention are directly linked to the level of job satisfaction. The document begins with an introduction and advice on how to use the unit. Five sections cover the following topics: (1)…

  15. Getting the Right Staff. Personnel Management Module. Operational Management Programme. Increasing Opportunities for Supervisors and Managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goddard, Tessa; Murray, Jennifer

    This self-instructional unit for supervisors and managers in the British hotel and catering industry contains information on all the important stages in the process of recruiting staff. The document begins with an introduction and advice on how to use the unit. Five sections cover the following topics: (1) the cost of employment; (2) planning for…

  16. TALK NERDY TO ME: THE ROLE OF INTELLECTUAL STIMULATION IN THE SUPERVISOR-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smothers, Jack; Doleh, Randa; Celuch, Kevin; Peluchette, Joy; Valadares, Kevin

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates (1) if communication with one's supervisor is related to empowerment through establishing perceptions of leader integrity, and (2) the extent to which the relationship between leader integrity and empowerment is moderated by intellectual stimulation. Due to the dynamic nature of today's organizational environment, understanding the nuances among these variables is vital to effective performance at the individual and organizational level. Hierarchical multiple regression tests were performed with a sample of 259 nurses in two regional healthcare facilities in the Midwestern United States. The results support a moderated-mediation relationship such that open communication with one's supervisor is positively related to empowerment through perceptions of leader integrity, but the relationship between leader integrity and empowerment varies across levels of intellectual stimulation. Specifically, while supervisor integrity mediates the relationship between patient safety communication and empowerment, this mediated relationship is only significant for followers who experience high intellectual stimulation, and is not significant for followers who report low intellectual stimulation. Thus, open communication and leader integrity will only empower followers if the leader is intellectually stimulating. This research clarifies how leaders in health care environments should communicate with their followers to empower them to think and act by their own initiative. Specifically, followers who communicate openly with their supervisor will feel more empowered, but only if they experience high intellectual stimulation which can improve their job performance and patient safety overall.

  17. Regulating regulators through liability The case for applying normal tort rules to supervisors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giesen, Ivo

    2006-01-01

    This article claims that liability of supervisors, given the arguments in favour and against liability, should be treated as a regular form of civil law liability (either in tort or contract). The rules regarding the existence and content of the duty of care are well equipped to deal with that topic

  18. Manager/Supervisor Perceptions of the Educational Needs of Urban Agribusiness Employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harbstreit, Steven R.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    A study assessed the perceptions of 65 (of 72 surveyed) urban agribusiness managers/supervisors regarding the need for education or training for employees they supervise. Results showed that those who plan and conduct adult agriculture programs should work cooperatively with agribusinesses to develop programs that meet the needs of each…

  19. The client’s ideas and fantasies of the supervisor in video recorded psychotherapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard; Jensen, Karen Boelt; Madsen, Ninna Skov

    2010-01-01

    by two independent researchers and a third auditor. Furthermore, clients rated the overall influence of video recording and the influence across time on Likert scales. Results: This paper only focus on the results concerning the clients’ fantasy relationship to the supervisor. In general the clients...

  20. Core Competencies in Advanced Training: What Supervisors Say about Graduate Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Thorana S.; Graves, Todd

    2011-01-01

    In an attempt to identify needed mental health skills, many professional organizations have or are in the process of establishing core competency standards for their professions. The AAMFT identified 128 core competencies for the independent practice of MFT. The aim of this study was to learn the opinions of AAMFT Approved Supervisors as to how…

  1. Supervisor Involvement and Professional Development Needs Associated with SAE Programming and Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawver, Rebecca G.; Pate, Michael L.; Sorensen, Tyson J.

    2016-01-01

    This descriptive survey research study sought to gather evidence of school-based agriculture teachers' perceptions of community supervisor involvement with supervision and planning of students' Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) work activities and safety training professional development needs. Responding teachers indicated they agreed to…

  2. Evaluating Corrective Feedback Self-Efficacy Changes among Counselor Educators and Site Supervisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motley, Veronica; Reese, Mary Kate; Campos, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Analysis of pretest-posttest scores on the Corrective Feedback Self-Efficacy Instrument (Page & Hulse-Killacky, [Page, B. J., 1999]) following a supervision workshop indicated a significant positive relationship between workshop training and supervisors' feedback self-efficacy in giving corrective feedback. Furthermore, the association…

  3. The Relation between Feedback Perceptions and the Supervisor-Student Relationship in Master's Thesis Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Kleijn, Renske A. M.; Meijer, Paulien C.; Pilot, Albert; Brekelmans, Mieke

    2014-01-01

    Research supervision can be investigated from social-emotional and cognitive perspectives, but most studies include only one perspective. This study aims to understand the interplay between a social-emotional (supervisor-student relationship) and cognitive (feedback) perspective on the outcomes of master's thesis supervision in specific, by…

  4. Supervisors' Responses to Subordinate Performance: Effect of Personal-Control Orientation and Situational Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashkanasy, Neal M.

    1991-01-01

    Presents a study extending a model of leadership response based on attribution theories to include measures of locus of control and situational control. Describes a procedure by which subjects responded to descriptions of subordinate performance. Concludes that supervisors with an external locus of control were less sensitive to subordinate…

  5. How clinical supervisors develop trust in their trainees: a qualitative study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hauer, K.E.; Oza, S.K.; Kogan, J.R.; Stankiewicz, C.A.; Stenfors-Hayes, T.; ten Cate, TJ; Batt, Joanne; O’Sullivan, P.S.

    2015-01-01

    Context Clinical supervisors oversee trainees’ performance while granting them increasing opportunities to work independently. Although the factors contributing to supervisors’ trust in their trainees to conduct clinical work have been identified, how the development of trust is shaped by these fact

  6. Feedback on Student Performance in the Workplace: The Role of Workplace Supervisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peach, Deborah; Ruinard, Deborah; Webb, Fleur

    2014-01-01

    This chapter highlights the importance of feedback in work-integrated learning (WIL), the key role of workplace supervisors, and the importance of continuous improvement in systems to support feedback processes. The paper proposes a definition of feedback and formative feedback, as well as approaches for providing industry feedback in WIL. It…

  7. Supervisor Attachment, Supervisory Working Alliance, and Affect in Social Work Field Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Susanne; Mohr, Jonathan; Deal, Kathleen Holtz; Hwang, Jeongha

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study focused on interrelationships among supervisor attachment, supervisory working alliance, and supervision-related affect, plus the moderating effect of a field instructor training. Method: The researchers employed a pretest-posttest follow-up design of 100 randomly assigned field instructors and 64 students in two…

  8. Fostering a Career Development Culture: Reflections on the Roles of Managers, Employees and Supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conger, Stuart

    2002-01-01

    An organizational culture supportive of career development fosters productivity, competitiveness, and realization of potential. However, there are flaws in the system in which supervisors play a key role in career development. A systematic mentoring program could result in a managed career development culture that benefits employees and…

  9. Impact of Internal Population Movements on the Schooling Process in Turkey: Supervisors' Views

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akar, Hanife; Sen, Derya

    2017-01-01

    This study attempted to examine the impact of interregional and urban--rural population movements on schools located in areas subjected to high in-migration and outmigration flows in Turkey based on data collected from primary school supervisors (N = 150). A cross-sectional survey design was utilized to examine the most pressing problems…

  10. When Supervision Is Conflated with Evaluation: Teacher Candidates' Perceptions of Their Novice Supervisor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Rebecca West; Badiali, Bernard J.

    2015-01-01

    Preparing teachers in clinically rich contexts requires teacher educators who are skilled and knowledgeable about university coursework as well as the complexities of classrooms. Retired teachers or principals have often assumed the role of field supervisor, bringing to their work extensive practitioner knowledge but often lacking theoretical…

  11. The Issue of Education Supervision in Turkey in the Views of Teachers, Administrators, Supervisors and Lecturers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memduhoglu, Hasan Basri

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the views of teachers, administrators, supervisors and lecturers that are experts in their fields as people having roles in education regarding the aim, structure, process, strong sides and main problems of the education supervision in Turkey. In this research, the scanning model research was employed through…

  12. 30 CFR 250.1159 - May the Regional Supervisor limit my well or reservoir production rates?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... based on well tests and any limitations imposed by well and surface equipment, sand production... reservoir production rates? 250.1159 Section 250.1159 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE... Gas Production Requirements Production Rates § 250.1159 May the Regional Supervisor limit my well...

  13. The Relation between Feedback Perceptions and the Supervisor-Student Relationship in Master's Thesis Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Kleijn, Renske A. M.; Meijer, Paulien C.; Pilot, Albert; Brekelmans, Mieke

    2014-01-01

    Research supervision can be investigated from social-emotional and cognitive perspectives, but most studies include only one perspective. This study aims to understand the interplay between a social-emotional (supervisor-student relationship) and cognitive (feedback) perspective on the outcomes of master's thesis supervision in specific, by…

  14. Colleague Supervision--"Ignored and Undervalued"? The Views of Students and Supervisors in a New University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Colleague supervision is increasingly used in UK modern (post-92) universities to support the progress of academic staff to doctoral qualifications. Denicolo (2004) argues that it is a "role relationship that has been largely ignored or undervalued by administration" (p. 693) and colleague students and supervisors "felt more…

  15. Teaching Practice: University Supervisors' Experiences and Perceptions of a Cooperating Physical Education Teacher Education Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meegan, Sarah; Dunning, Carol; Belton, Sarahjane; Woods, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to examine university supervisors' experiences and perceptions of a cooperating physical education teacher education (COPET) programme while on teaching practice. Teaching practice is a central tenet of physical education teacher education (PETE) preparation. The COPET programme was designed to support the triad…

  16. Live Counselor Supervision: Focus on Trainee, Acculturation and Supervisor Intervention Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bubenzer, Donald L.; And Others

    Supervision of the counselor trainee by a supervisor during an actual counseling session is the topic of this presentation. The first page, presented in outline form, lists six types of live supervision: bug-in-the-ear, monitoring, in vivo, phone-in, consultation, and walk-in. Also listed are differences between individual and family live…

  17. Action Learning--A Learning and Teaching Method in the Preparation Programme for Supervisors of Midwives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mead, Marianne; Yearley, Carole; Lawrence, Chris; Rogers, Cathy

    2006-01-01

    Supervision of midwives is a statutory responsibility, which provides a mechanism for support and guidance to every practising midwife in the United Kingdom. To be eligible for appointment as a supervisor, midwives are required to undertake a preparation programme successfully. Because of the changing nature of the professional role and education,…

  18. Clinical Supervision Model in Teaching Practice: Does It Make a Difference in Supervisors' Performance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gürsoy, Esim; Kesner, John Edward; Salihoglu, Umut Muharrem

    2016-01-01

    In search for better practices there has been a plethora of research in preservice teacher training. To contribute to the literature, the current study aims at investigating teacher trainees' and cooperating teachers' views about the performance and contribution of supervisors during teaching practice after using Clinical Supervision Model.…

  19. Postgraduate Research Success: Communities of Practice Involving Cohorts, Guardian Supervisors and Online Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisker, Gina; Robinson, Gillian; Shacham, Miri

    2007-01-01

    Traditionally, supervisors work with students on an individual basis and postgraduate development programmes are run on site. However, with increasing numbers of part-time and international students, supervisory relationships are likely to be conducted at a distance as students study alongside other commitments. Isolation can often be a key…

  20. The Relationship between Transformational Leadership Behaviors of Faculty Supervisors and Self-Efficacies of Graduate Assistants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avci, Omer

    2012-01-01

    Bass's transformational leadership theory is one of the most frequently applied theories of leadership in leadership research in education. However, the dyadic relationship between graduate assistants and the faculty as their immediate supervisors have not been investigated from a leader-follower perspective. In addition, self-efficacy…

  1. Coach, Consultant or Mother: Supervisors' Views on Quality in the Supervision of Bachelor Theses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmberg, Leif

    2006-01-01

    This study is about what supervisors perceive as crucial aspects of quality in supervising students writing their bachelor theses. The questions on quality are related to a scientific perspective, a learning perspective, a societal perspective and a social perspective. The study demonstrates that the criteria on science varied considerably,…

  2. EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF MANAGERS AND SUPERVISORS IN CITIES, BOROUGHS, AND TOWNSHIPS IN PENNSYLVANIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DUBIN, SAMUEL S.; AND OTHERS

    THIS STUDY WAS UNDERTAKEN BY THE DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING STUDIES, CONTINUING EDUCATION, THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY, (A) TO DETERMINE THE PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION NEEDS OF MANAGERS IN MUNICIPALITIES AND SUPERVISORS IN CITIES IN PENNSYLVANIA, (B) TO SUGGEST METHODS OF MEETING THESE NEEDS, AND (C) TO INDICATE THE ROLE OF COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES…

  3. The Older-Worker-Younger-Supervisor Dyad: A Test of the Reverse Pygmalion Effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Mary Hair; Hair, Joseph F., Jr.; Rocco, Tonette S.

    2009-01-01

    An emerging phenomenon, the older worker reporting to a much younger supervisor, is reversing the tradition that managers are older and more experienced than subordinates. These age-related demographic changes are bringing about a role reversal in the workplace that violates established age norms, creating status incongruence in the…

  4. On-The-Job Training: A Practical Guide for Food Service Supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hospital Research and Educational Trust, Chicago, IL.

    The on-the-job training guide was developed to assist food service supervisors in preparing, presenting, and evaluating a Job Instruction Training (JIT) lesson, a method which employs step-by-step learning of job-related tasks. Part 1, preparing for a JIT lesson, discusses the checklist of duties, the job description, the skills inventory, the…

  5. Supervisor-Clerical Agreement on Competency Importance as It Relates to Satisfactoriness and Job Satsifaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, B. June

    This study examined the concept that extent of agreement between clerical employees and their respective supervisors on competency importance would relate to satisfactoriness and job satisfaction. Data for competency agreement, satisfactoriness, and job satisfaction were analyzed and interpreted for fifty-five clerical employees who responded to a…

  6. Developing a Compassionate Internal Supervisor: Compassion-Focused Therapy for Trainee Therapists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Tobyn; Dixon, Alison; Kolts, Russell

    2016-07-25

    The concept of an 'internal supervisor' has been used in psychotherapy to describe the way in which the supervisory relationship is internalized and utilized by the supervisee. This research explores the possibility, and potential benefit, of training therapists to develop a 'compassionate internal supervisor'. A training programme was developed for trainee cognitive-behavioural therapists using adapted versions of compassion-focused therapy interventions. The training focused on guided imagery exercises and reflective practices undertaken for a 4-week period. Seven trainee cognitive-behavioural therapists were interviewed, utilizing a semi-structured format, regarding their experience of the training programme. The resulting transcriptions were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). The analysis identified six super-ordinate themes: (1) the varied nature of the supervisor image, (2) blocks and their overcoming, (3) increased compassion and regulation of emotion, (4) impact on cognitive processes, (5) internalization and integration, and (6) professional and personal benefit. The themes describe the varied ways in which participants created and experienced their compassionate supervisor imagery. Working with the personal blocks encountered in the process provided participants with a deeper understanding of the nature of compassion and its potential to support them in their training, practice and personal lives. The process and impact of 'internalizing' a compassionate supervisory relationship is described by participants and then discussed for potential implications for psychotherapy training and self-practice. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  7. The Ignorant Supervisor: About Common Worlds, Epistemological Modesty and Distributed Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engels-Schwarzpaul, A.-Chr.

    2015-01-01

    When postgraduate researchers' interests lie outside the body(ies) of knowledge with which their supervisors are familiar, different supervisory approaches are called for. In such situations, questions concerning the appropriateness of traditional models arise, which almost invariably involve a budding candidate's relationship with a…

  8. What supervisors say in their feedback : construction of CanMEDS roles in workplace settings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renting, Nienke; Dornan, Tim; Gans, Rijk O. B.; Borleffs, Jan C. C.; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke; Jaarsma, A. Debbie C.

    2016-01-01

    The CanMEDS framework has been widely adopted in residency education and feedback processes are guided by it. It is, however, only one of many influences on what is actually discussed in feedback. The sociohistorical culture of medicine and individual supervisors' contexts, experiences and beliefs a

  9. Hierarchical Supervisor and Agent Routing Algorithm in LEO/MEO Double-layered Optical Satellite Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yongjun; Zhao, Shanghong

    2016-09-01

    A novel routing algorithm (Hierarchical Supervisor and Agent Routing Algorithm, HSARA) for LEO/MEO (low earth orbit/medium earth orbit) double-layered optical satellite network is brought forward. The so-called supervisor (MEO satellite) is designed for failure recovery and network management. LEO satellites are grouped according to the virtual managed field of MEO which is different from coverage area of MEO satellite in RF satellite network. In each LEO group, one LEO satellite which has maximal persistent link with its supervisor is called the agent. A LEO group is updated when this optical inter-orbit links between agent LEO satellite and the corresponding MEO satellite supervisor cuts off. In this way, computations of topology changes and LEO group updating can be decreased. Expense of routing is integration of delay and wavelength utilization. HSARA algorithm simulations are implemented and the results are as follows: average network delay of HSARA can reduce 21 ms and 31.2 ms compared with traditional multilayered satellite routing and single-layer LEO satellite respectively; LEO/MEO double-layered optical satellite network can cover polar region which cannot be covered by single-layered LEO satellite and throughput is 1% more than that of single-layered LEO satellite averagely. Therefore, exact global coverage can be achieved with this double-layered optical satellite network.

  10. Rights and Responsibilities. Supervisory Skills Module. Operational Management Programme. Increasing Opportunities for Supervisors and Managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Rodney

    This self-instructional unit for supervisors and managers in the British hotel and catering industry is designed to consolidate the work covered in a 1-day course. The document begins with an introduction and advice on how to use the unit. The following topics are covered: (1) the law and personnel procedures; (2) consultation and negotiation; (3)…

  11. Predicting Supervisor Capacities to Foster Higher Forms of Learning through Undergraduate Medical Student Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDougall, Margaret

    2014-01-01

    The credibility of short-term undergraduate research as a paradigm for effective learning within Medicine has been recognized. With a view to strengthening this paradigm and enhancing research-teaching linkages, this study explores whether particular types of research supervisor are pre-disposed to providing supportive learning environments.…

  12. Design and project management robotics education: lessons learned Diseño y administración de proyectos de robótica educativa: lecciones aprendidas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lourdes Acuña Zuñiga

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The educative projects that include the robotics as resource of education and learning require being plan based on the skills and performances that would consolidate in the population. These skills are the start point to delineate the content emphases, the wished performances, the needed technologies, the processes of training and searching that will be necessary to design. Particularly the educative robotics is propitious to develop or to support productive, creative, digital, communicative abilities.  An indicator, that shows that robotics has become an innovation engine, is observed on the change in the people’s attitude and ideas, ways of present and thinking of the students specially, when they become to socialize with others. If those changes are visible now, therefore we are getting close to an innovation because the robotics will have extended its intuitions and it is reflected in its actions and products.El inicio de proyectos educativos que incluyen la robótica como recurso de enseñanza y aprendizaje requieren plantearse en función de las capacidades y desempeños que se esperan consolidar en la población meta.  Estas capacidades son el  punto de partida para delinear los énfasis de contenido, los desempeños deseados, las tecnologías que se necesitan, los procesos de capacitación y seguimiento que hay que diseñar.  La robótica educativa es propicia para apoyar habilidades productivas, creativas, digitales y  comunicativas; y  se convierte en un  motor para la innovación cuando produce  cambios en las personas, en las ideas y actitudes, en las relaciones, modos de actual y  pensar de los estudiantes y los educadores.  Si esos cambios son  visibles en la práctica cotidiana, entonces estamos ante una innovación  porque la robótica habrá transcendido sus intuiciones y se reflejara en sus acciones y productos. 

  13. Perceptions of medical graduates and their workplace supervisors towards a medical school clinical audit program

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Ferrall, Ilse; Hoare, Samuel; Caroline, Bulsara; Mak, Donna B.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives This study explores how medical graduates and their workplace supervisors perceive the value of a structured clinical audit program (CAP) undertaken during medical school. Methods Medical students at the University of Notre Dame Fremantle complete a structured clinical audit program in their final year of medical school.  Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 Notre Dame graduates (who had all completed the CAP), and seven workplace supervisors (quality and safety staff and clinical supervisors).  Purposeful sampling was used to recruit participants and data were analysed using thematic analysis. Results Both graduates and workplace supervisors perceived the CAP to be valuable. A major theme was that the CAP made a contribution to individual graduate’s medical practice, including improved knowledge in some areas of patient care as well as awareness of healthcare systems issues and preparedness to undertake scientifically rigorous quality improvement activities. Graduates perceived that as a result of the CAP, they were confident in undertaking a clinical audit after graduation.  Workplace supervisors perceived the value of the CAP beyond an educational experience and felt that the audits undertaken by students improved quality and safety of patient care. Conclusions It is vital that health professionals, including medical graduates, be able to carry out quality and safety activities in the workplace. This study provides evidence that completing a structured clinical audit during medical school prepares graduates to undertake quality and safety activities upon workplace entry. Other health professional faculties may be interested in incorporating a similar program in their curricula.  PMID:28692425

  14. The impact of supervisors' cognitive styles on the quality of research supervision in management education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Steven J

    2004-12-01

    An aspect of teaching and learning that has been seriously overlooked in higher education is the process of research supervision. High failure rates for research dissertations in the social sciences have been partly attributed to student dissatisfaction with supervision and poor student-supervisor relationships. One personality variable that has been shown to be partly responsible for shaping the effectiveness of supervisory relationships is cognitive style. The study examined the effects of supervisor cognitive style on the quality of supervision for students undertaking a research project in the field of management education. Both parties in each of 118 supervisor-student dyads within a university business school in the UK participated in the study. Data were collected using the Cognitive Style Index to measure subjects on the analytic-intuitive dimension of cognitive style. A self-developed Thurstone attitude scale was used to measure students' perceptions of the quality of supervision. The scale's validity was assured by making extensive use of subjects' (N = 100) judgments from the population of interest in the scale's development. A second parallel scale was developed to test the instrument's reliability characteristics. Findings revealed that students perceived the quality of supervision to increase significantly with the degree to which supervisors were analytic in their cognitive style. Students whose supervisors were more analytic also achieved significantly higher grades for their dissertations. Whilst there may be many factors influencing interpersonal relationships of this nature, this study demonstrated the potential relevance of cognitive style, which may prove to be a fertile area for further investigation.

  15. 烟柴杆提取物与碘化钾的缓蚀协同效应%Synergistic effect of corrosion inhibition of tobacco rob extract and potassium iodide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭勇; 高美丹; 王艳; 王荷芳; 胡荣彬

    2015-01-01

    The corrosion i nhibition capacity of tobacco rob extract for N80 steel in hydrochloride solutions and its synergistic effect with potassium iodide are investigated. The results show that tobacco rob extract has excellent corrosion inhibition efficiency,and the inhibition efficiency increases further when tobacco rob extract combines with potassium iodide. From the electrochemical polarization curve,before and after the combination,the tobacco rob extract are both a kind of mixed-type corrosion inhibitor and the inhibition mechanism is geometric covering effect. By fitting the weight loss data,the result shows that after the combination of tobacco rob extract with potassium iodide,the adsorption on the surface of N80 steel obeys the Langmuir’s adsorption isotherm equation.%研究了烟柴杆提取物在盐酸介质中对N80钢的缓蚀性能及其与碘化钾复配的协同效应。结果表明,烟柴杆提取物具有良好的缓蚀性能,与碘化钾复配后缓蚀性能进一步提高。电化学极化曲线表明,复配前后烟柴杆提取物均为混合型缓蚀剂,其作用机理为几何覆盖效应。对失重数据进行拟合,结果表明烟柴杆提取物与碘化钾复配后在N80钢表面的吸附服从Langmuir吸附等温方程。

  16. De svenska nationella minoriteternas förekomst i läroböcker. : En analys av läroböcker i svenska, samhällskunskap och historia för årskurs 4-6.

    OpenAIRE

    Forslund, Elin

    2015-01-01

    År 2000 erkändes de fem svenska nationella minoriteterna (samer, judar, romer, sverigefinnar och tornedalingar) i och med att Sverige skrev under Europarådets ramkonvention om skydd förnationella minoriteter och den europeiska stadgan om landsdels-eller minoritetsspråk. Med erkännandettillkom attskolorna blev skyldiga attundervisa om minoriteter. I denna analys har jag först klarlagt vilka skillnader som gjordes i läroplanen efter erkännandetav minoriteterna för att sedan analysera läroböcker...

  17. Heterochromatin decondesation in Creole cattle carrier of Robertsonian franslocation (rob 1; 29). Action of 5–azacytidine–C Descondensación de la heterocromatina en bovinos criollos portadores de la translocación Robertsoniana (rob1; 29). Acción del inductor 5–azacitidina–C

    OpenAIRE

    Postiglioni Alicia; Iriarte Wanda; Iriarte Andrés; Llambí Silvia; De Soto Leticia; Artigas Rody; De Betancourth Miguel

    2008-01-01

    The Robertsonian translocation (rob1; 29) is widely spread in commercial breeds and specially in genetic reserve of American Creole cattle. It is also described a delay on embryo development in front of normal ones. The action of 5–aza–C, as an hypomethylated agent, could permitted to decondensate the constitutive or facultative heterochromatin. In this work we made induction with the 5–aza–C(10mM, 2 hrs) analogs, in lymphocyte cultures ...

  18. Localização em espaços interiores por luz visível para robôs móveis

    OpenAIRE

    Duarte, Filipe Manuel Lourenço

    2015-01-01

    Esta dissertação investiga a localização em espaços interiores através da comunicação por luz visível para robôs móveis, com base nos LEDs fixos nos edifícios, dando particular atenção à simulação e desenho do sensor, com vista ao desenvolvimento de um sensor de localização. Explica-se o crescimento da tecnologia LED e da constante necessidade de localização do homem em espaços interiores. Apresentado algumas características do LED e dos foto-detetores existentes. Com uma br...

  19. Plataformas de Bajo Coste para la Realización de Trabajos Prácticos de Mecatrónica y Robótica

    OpenAIRE

    Valera Fernández, Ángel; Soriano Vigueras, Ángel; Vallés Miquel, Marina

    2014-01-01

    Al igual que ocurrió con la introducción a la programación, el aprendizaje de la automatización, el control por computador, la robótica y los sistemas mecatrónicos en general son contenidos que se están impartiendo cada vez más a estudiantes universitarios y de educación secundaria. Por esta razón, la elección de plataformas adecuadas para el trabajo de laboratorio se convierte en una decisión crítica para promover la experimentación de los conceptos teóricos y la motivación de los estudiante...

  20. A importância da aprendizagem da robótica no desenvolvimento do pensamento computacional : um estudo com alunos do 4º ano

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida, Carlos Manuel dos Santos, 1967-

    2015-01-01

    Tese de mestrado, Educação (Área de especialidade em Educação e Tecnologias Digitais), Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto de Educação, 2015 O presente documento relata o processo de preparação, concretização e análise de um projeto realizado no âmbito da robótica educativa numa escola básica de 1º ciclo de Lisboa, ao longo do 2º período do ano letivo 2014/15, com alunos do 4º ano de escolaridade. Na fase de preparação do projeto, e após uma revisão da literatura sobre o tema a i...

  1. Tecnología robótica en cirugía oral y maxilofacial Robotic technology in oral and maxillofacial surgery

    OpenAIRE

    J.A. Hueto Madrid

    2008-01-01

    La utilización de robots en cirugía como ayudantes o como cirujanos despierta interés desde hace décadas. Sus características de precisión, incansabilidad y muchas otras ventajas auguran a esta tecnología un papel destacado en la cirugía maxilofacial del futuro. No obstante, las experiencias en nuestro campo y en otras especialidades quirúrgicas han puesto de manifiesto la falta de madurez de la tecnología robótica para incorporarse a corto plazo a los quirófanos. La introducción de tecnologí...

  2. 92. Desarrollo y resultados iniciales de un programa de cirugía cardíaca robótica. ¿Qué hemos aprendido?

    OpenAIRE

    J.M. Borrego Domínguez; A. Hernández Fernández; E. Gutiérrez Carretero; A. Adsuar; M. Bertomeu Cornejo; I. Bibiloni Lage; E. Ruiz Solano; J.C. Luis Navarro; M.J.a Eslava; N. Romero Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    A principios de 2008 nuestro servicio se incorporó a un estudio cuyo objetivo era la evaluación de efectividad y seguridad de la cirugía cardíaca robótica (Da Vinci) e inició el diseño e implementación de un programa de cirugía cardíaca asistida por Da Vinci en nuestro Hospital. Metodología y resultados: Se presentan 11 procedimientos de cirugía cardíaca asistida por Da Vinci realizados en nuestro hospital siguiendo un programa de entrenamiento previamente diseñado: cinco casos de sustituc...

  3. The influence of family-supportive supervisor training on employee job performance and attitudes: An organizational work-family intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odle-Dusseau, Heather N; Hammer, Leslie B; Crain, Tori L; Bodner, Todd E

    2016-07-01

    Training supervisors to increase their family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB) has demonstrated significant benefits for employee physical health, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions among employees with high levels of family-to-work conflict in prior research in a grocery store context. We replicate and extend these results in a health care setting with additional important employee outcomes (i.e., employee engagement, organizational commitment, and supervisor ratings of job performance), and consider the role of the 4 dimensions underlying the FSSB. Using a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design, 143 health care employees completed surveys at 2 time periods approximately 10 months apart, along with their supervisors who provided ratings of employees' job performance. Between these surveys, we offered their supervisors FSSB training; 86 (71%) of these supervisors participated. Results demonstrated significant and beneficial indirect effects of FSSB training on changes in employee job performance, organizational commitment, engagement, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions through changes in employee perceptions of their supervisor's overall FSSBs. Further analyses suggest that these indirect effects are due primarily to changes in the creative work-family management dimension of FSSB. (PsycINFO Database Record

  4. Ergonomics Risk Assessment with Participation of Supervisors in Production Line: a Successful Experience in Pars Khodro Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel Mazloumi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objectives: According to previous researches, workers' participation in issues affecting their working condition is the key to success in ergonomics interventions in working environments. Therefore, the present study was performed to increase active particapitation of supervisors in production line and also to identify and assess ergonomics risks and presenting modification actions (Kaizen by themselves in Pars Khodro automobile manufacturing company. Methods: A manual regarding lifting objects and body postures, according to the Finish evaluation method, was provided for supervisors in production line and related trainings were presented to them. Then, they were asked to insert the results of their assessments and suggestions in special forms during one year. The presented assessments and suggestions were examined by ergonomics experts. Results: According to the assessments conducted by supervisors, 26 work stations had high ergonomics risks, 51 had ergonomics risks with an average level, and 45 had low ergonomics risks. Moreover, the number of required Kaizens presented by supervisors was increased from 18 cases in the first year to 42 cases in the second year, after implementation of ergonomics training and identifying and assessing ergonomic risks by supervisors. Conclusion: Empowering and training supervisors increased workers' participation. In case of adequate training, supervisors can present practical solutions to reduce ergonomics risks in their workstations.

  5. Propuesta de un Subsistema de Extensometría Para la Integración de un Banco Experimental de Robótica Flexible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Salvador Esparza González

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se aborda la problemática de la instrumentación extensométrica como elemento fundamental de un Banco Experimental de Robótica Flexible. El diseño de este subsistema permite realizar lecturas de hasta 8 galgas extensiométricas en configuración de un cuarto en puente de Wheatstone, y está destinado a la valoración del estado de esfuerzo/ deformación en los elementos mecánicos de prototipos robóticos tanto rígidos, como explícitamente flexibles o esbeltos. El subsistema es modular e independiente y está integrado a un bastidor mecánico donde se realiza el montaje para la ejecución de pruebas de desempeño de los prototipos de robots esbeltos. El sistema se probó y validó mediante una serie de pruebas realizadas a un eslabón flexible mediante un flexor de línea Vishay™ , donde se alcanzó resolución de 0.224με en la flexión pura de un eslabón de 319 mm de longitud fabricado en aluminio, deformándose incrementalmente hasta un máximo de 12.065 mm de flecha; los resultados experimentales y los predichos por las ecuaciones de la teoría del medio continuo, muestran que el sistema de medición es confiable y corresponde a lo establecido por la mecánica del medio continuo para estas geometrías y materiales.

  6. Interações supervisor-professor: diálogos de proteção da face Supervisor-teacher interactions: dialogues for face protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Correia Tostes

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Partindo de uma perspectiva funcional do uso da língua, investigamos as estratégias linguísticas do supervisor escolar e sua aceitação pelos docentes. Tal estudo visa a oferecer insights sobre a modalização da linguagem em interações profissionais. Assim, utilizamos princípios da Teoria da Polidez (1978 aliados à Teoria dos Atos de Fala (1962 para chegar à relação inversamente proporcional entre o grau de polidez e o conteúdo positivo dos comentários: quanto mais polidos os comentários, menos positivo seu conteúdo, e vice-versa. Testes de atitude aplicados aos professores revelam alto grau de aceitação dos comentários tecidos pelo supervisor, o que pode indicar que alto grau de polidez e modalização da linguagem em situações de supervisão escolar são altamente desejáveis para se alcançar atuações profissionais mais eficazes.Departing from a functional perspective of language use, we have investigated linguistic strategies of a school supervisor and their acceptance by teachers. Such study tries to offer insights on the modalization of language in professional interactions. Thus, we have applied principles of Politeness (1978 allied to the Speech Acts Theory (1962 to come to the conclusion there is an inverse proportion between the level of politeness and the quality of comments made: the more politeness strategies used, the less positive the comments made and vice-versa. Attitude tests reveal high level of acceptance of comments by teachers, what might indicate that more politeness and modalization of language in situations of supervision are highly desirable for more effective professional actions.

  7. Why and how do general practitioners teach? An exploration of the motivations and experiences of rural Australian general practitioner supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingham, Gerard; Fry, Jennifer; O'Meara, Peter; Tourle, Vianne

    2015-10-29

    In medical education, a learner-centred approach is recommended. There is also a trend towards workplace-based learning outside of the hospital setting. In Australia, this has resulted in an increased need for General Practitioner (GP) supervisors who are receptive to using adult learning principles in their teaching. Little is known about what motivates Australian GP supervisors and how they currently teach. A qualitative study involving semi-structured interviews with 20 rural GP supervisors who work within one Regional Training Provider region in Australia explored their reasons for being a supervisor and how they performed their role. Data was analysed using a thematic analysis approach. GP supervisors identified both personal and professional benefits in being a supervisor, as well as some benefits for their practice. Supervision fulfilled a perceived broader responsibility to the profession and community, though they felt it had little impact on rural retention of doctors. While financial issues did not provide significant motivation to teach, the increasing financial inequity compared with providing direct patient care might impact negatively on the decision to be or to remain a supervisor in the future. The principal challenge for supervisors was finding time for teaching. Despite this, there was little evidence of supervisors adopting strategies to reduce teaching load. Teaching methods were reported in the majority to be case-based with styles extending from didactic to coach/facilitator. The two-way collegiate relationship with a registrar was valued, with supervisors taking an interest in the registrars beyond their development as a clinician. Supervisors report positively on their teaching and mentoring roles. Recruitment strategies that highlight the personal and professional benefits that supervision offers are needed. Practices need assistance to adopt models of supervision and teaching that will help supervisors productively manage the increasing

  8. Perfil dos Supervisores de Psicologia em Serviços-Escola Brasileiros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Vieira Gauy

    Full Text Available Perfil dos supervisores de psicologia em Serviços-Escola Brasileiros (treino/atendimento Este trabalho teve como objetivo descrever o perfil demográfico dos supervisores dos cursos de graduação em Psicologia, obtidos pelo projeto de pesquisa intitulado "Serviços-Escola de Psicologia no Brasil", que tinha entre seus objetivos a caracterização dos serviços-escola de psicologia brasileiros. A pesquisa foi disponibilizada on-line em umsite da internet específico para a pesquisa, divulgado através de vários meios de comunicação, no qual, o participante em potencial da pesquisa (supervisor, estagiário ou gestor de uma das clinica escolas de Psicologia do Brasil, depois de acessar a pagina e o seu campo específico, informava dados pessoais (sexo e idade, dados institucionais (vínculo de trabalho, tipo de instituição e localização e dados profissionais (abordagem teórica e tempo de experiência/área. Do total de 846 participantes potenciais apenas 147 eram supervisores de cursos de Psicologia que haviam completado totalmente o questionário e foram, por isso, considerados para presente análise. Os dados coletados, no período de 2008 a 2010, apontaram que a maioria dos respondentes era do sexo feminino (77,6%, tinha idade entre 38 a 45 anos (45,5%, possuía vínculo formal de trabalho (90% com instituições de ensino privado (56%, localizadas nas Regiões Sul e Sudeste (78%. A Psicanálise figurou como abordagem mais referida (24% e aqueles que referiam ter mais de 10 anos de experiência em Psicodiagnóstico/Psicoterapia (64,4%. Apesar do tamanho da amostra não ser representativa do perfil dos supervisores brasileiros, os dados obtidos forneceram informações importantes sobre o perfil dos supervisores, peça chave na formação do aluno de graduação.

  9. Learning of each other--online: on the division of labour between technology and supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stokken, Roar; Eikli, Gjermund

    2010-01-01

    The article discuss challenges and solutions when an existing course programme, in which contributions from the group form an integral part, is to be converted into an online programme. The focus is on division of labour between technology and supervisors. The case is the Norwegian online version of Chronic Disease Self-Management Program from Stanford University. The interplay between humans and technology is discussed from a theoretical framework developed from the works of Latour and Nonaka. In special difference between human modelling and a technological systematic and rule-based approach is emphasised. By delegating parts of the role in classroom courses to the e-learning solution, it has been possible to create a solution where participants are learning from each other. This demands knowledge on the part of the supervisors so that they help to increase the effect of the technology and not work against it.

  10. Impact of the Supervisor Feedback Environment on Creative Performance: A Moderated Mediation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jian; Gong, Zhenxing; Zhang, Shuangyu; Zhao, Yujia

    2017-01-01

    Studies on the relationship between feedback and creative performance have only focused on the feedback-self and have underestimated the value of the feedback environment. Building on Self Determined Theory, the purpose of this article is to examine the relationship among feedback environment, creative personality, goal self-concordance and creative performance. Hierarchical regression analysis of a sample of 162 supervisor–employee dyads from nine industry firms. The results indicate that supervisor feedback environment is positively related to creative performance, the relationship between the supervisor feedback environment and creative performance is mediated by goal self-concordance perfectly and moderated by creative personality significantly. The mediation effort of goal self-concordance is significantly influenced by creative personality. The implication of improving employees’ creative performance is further discussed. The present study advances several perspectives of previous studies, echoes recent suggestions that organizations interested in stimulating employee creativity might profitably focus on developing work contexts that support it. PMID:28275362

  11. The client’s ideas and fantasies of the supervisor in video recorded psychotherapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard; Jensen, Karen Boelt; Madsen, Ninna Skov

    2010-01-01

    on three related topics; a) the clients’ experience of the video recordings’ influence on therapy; b) the therapeutic relationship and c) fantasy relationship with supervisor. The answers were analyzed in accordance to Hill et al.’s (1997; 2005) guidelines for conducting Consensual Qualitative Research...... of the results will be discussed along with the validity, reliability and limitations of the study. Furthermore, the study’s contribution to clinical practice will be reflected upon.......Aim: Despite the current relatively widespread use of video as a supervisory tool, there are few empirical studies on how recordings influence the relationship between client and supervisor. This paper presents a qualitative, explorative study of clients’ experience of having their psychotherapy...

  12. Improving the retention of child welfare workers by strengthening skills and increasing support for supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renner, Lynette M; Porter, Rebecca L; Preister, Steven

    2009-01-01

    Increasingly, effective supervision has been found to be critical in the retention of child welfare workers. In 2006 the State of Missouri Children's Division implemented a supervisory strategic plan to concentrate on supervisory training and effectiveness, with the expectation that emphasis on supervision would improve the retention of frontline workers. Using annual responses to the survey of organizational excellence and retention data, this study examines perceptions of child welfare workers and supervisors on three workplace constructs. Analyses support hypotheses that retention of workers improved in the year following the implementation of the supervisory plan, and measures of supervisor effectiveness, team effectiveness, and job satisfaction also increased. Explanations of primary findings are provided and implications for practice and policy are discussed.

  13. When the presence of creative coworkers is related to creativity: role of supervisor close monitoring, developmental feedback, and creative personality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jing

    2003-06-01

    Study 1 was conducted to examine the contribution of the joint condition of supervisor close monitoring and the presence of creative coworkers to employees' creativity. In addition to replicating Study 1's results, Study 2 examined (a) the joint condition of supervisor developmental feedback and presence of creative coworkers and (b) whether creative personality moderated the contributions of the 2 joint conditions. Converging results from the 2 field studies demonstrated that when creative coworkers were present, the less supervisors engaged in close monitoring, the more employees exhibited creativity. Study 2 also found that the contribution of this joint condition was stronger for employees with less creative personalities and that when creative coworkers were present, the more supervisors provided developmental feedback, the more employees exhibited creativity.

  14. 杭州大剧院舞台监督系统%Stage supervisor system in Hangzhou Grand Theater

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟国淼

    2004-01-01

    This paper mainly introduces the stage supervisor system in Hangzhou Grand Theater. The stage master console, internal comunication technique, digital calling system, video camera matrix in this system are discussed in detail.

  15. REGLAMENTACIÓN DE LAS FUNCIONES DEL SUPERVISOR DE EDUCACIÓN SUPERIOR EN PUEBLA, MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Hortensia Cházaro Arellano

    2009-11-01

    With an origin in the laws in force and from an administrative and epistemological point of view, this article sets up the basis for a draft document in order to regulate the functions of Supervisors.

  16. Articulating Expectations for PhD Candidature upon Commencement: Ensuring Supervisor/Student "Best Fit"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moxham, Lorna; Dwyer, Trudy; Reid-Searl, Kerry

    2013-01-01

    The journey towards completion of a PhD is a bumpy one for many. One of the major factors that influence successful and on-time thesis completion is the relationship that the PhD candidate has with her or his supervisor. This paper presents results from research undertaken using a 12-item survey to collect data from a purposive sample: PhD…

  17. Implementation of a terminal switching network supervisor: SAURON, an interactive extension of PACX IV control techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vahle, M O; Tolendino, L F

    1982-04-01

    The rapidly growing number of interactive terminals at Sandia National Laboratories which compete for a limited number of computer ports has given rise to the development of a Terminal Switching Network. This paper describes a minicomputer-based supervisory node which interacts with the switches comprising the network and the operators. The supervisor amplifies the control capabilities of the operators, provides a realtime display of the system status, and records usage statistics.

  18. Supervisors' perceptions of productivity of employees with preschool children in workplace on-site child care

    OpenAIRE

    Marickovich, Patricia Pesut

    1989-01-01

    Corporate leaders at Dominion Bankshares Corporation established an on-site child care facility at its operations center for its Roanoke, Virginia employees. The immediate supervisors of parents of children enrolled in the Dominion Child Development Center were surveyed to determine the factors they believed affected worker productivity and their perceptions of how employees' work habits had changed as a result of the opening of the child care center. A description of ...

  19. Work-Family Conflict, Family-Supportive Supervisor Behaviors (FSSB), and Sleep Outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Crain, Tori L.; Hammer, Leslie B.; Bodner, Todd; KOSSEK, ELLEN ERNST; Moen, Phyllis; Lilienthal, Richard; Buxton, Orfeu M.

    2014-01-01

    Although critical to health and well-being, relatively little research has been conducted in the organizational literature on linkages between the work-family interface and sleep. Drawing on Conservation of Resources theory, we use a sample of 623 information technology workers to examine the relationships between work-family conflict, family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB), and sleep quality and quantity. Validated wrist actigraphy methods were used to collect objective sleep quality ...

  20. CERN's Merit Appraisal and Recognition System from the point of view of the supervisor

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2013-01-01

    The required training consists of 2 parts : This presentation explaining “CERN’s merit recognition system”, followed by a session of questions/answers – duration : 2 hours A training session on “How to get, as a supervisor, the most out of the annual interview” – duration : 1 day. This hands-on training focuses on how to set smart work and development objectives, how to give feedback and how to run the annual interview in a constructive way.

  1. Supervisees' and supervisors' experiences of group climate in group supervision in psychotherapy. Effects of admission procedure

    OpenAIRE

    Sundin, EC; Ogren, M

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of two different admission procedures (high school grades/scholastic aptitude test (SAT) versus high school grades/SAT + interview) to a program in professional psychology on students' and supervisors' experiences of the group climate in psychotherapy supervision groups during an eighteen-month clinical practicum. A self-rating scale constructed to measure experiences of group climate in group supervision in psychotherapy was used. The res...

  2. Preparedness for clinical practice - Perceptions of graduates and their work supervisors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mackay, S.J. [School of Health Care Professions, Allerton Building, University of Salford, Manchester M6 6PU (United Kingdom)], E-mail: s.mackay@salford.ac.uk; Anderson, A.C. [Tameside General Hospital, Fountain Street, Lancashire (United Kingdom); Hogg, P. [School of Health Care Professions, Allerton Building, University of Salford, Manchester M6 6PU (United Kingdom)

    2008-08-15

    Purpose: The standards of performance of healthcare professionals are now well defined and used to determine health professional curricula. Empirical research evidence exists in medicine and nursing which explores how well these curricula prepare their students for clinical practice but not in the radiography profession. This research aims to determine how well prepared newly qualified radiographers were for clinical practice and to identify strengths and weaknesses in their preparedness to inform curriculum development. Methods: A postal questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to obtain data from newly qualified diagnostic radiographers and their work-based supervisors. The questionnaire assessed graduate preparedness against a number of items drawn from published documents which define UK radiographic practice. Statistical analysis, using ANOVA and Wilcoxon, examined differences between the groups' perception of preparedness. A sample of graduates and their work supervisors were interviewed to explore preparedness. Results: There were significant differences (p {<=} 0.05) between; the preparedness scores of the graduates and supervisors, with supervisors rating the graduates higher than the graduates themselves; subscales of teamwork (p {<=} 0.05), personal attributes (p {<=} 0.05) and digital skills (p {<=} 0.01). No significant differences were found between graduates employed in their training hospital and those employed elsewhere. Interview data revealed perceived areas of graduate strength, weaknesses and areas for curriculum development. Suggestions for improvement to the methodology were identified for exploring preparedness in other health professional programmes. Conclusion: The graduates were well prepared for their role as a diagnostic radiographer. Some curriculum development is needed in specific areas and advice on methodological improvement is offered.

  3. The FEA of Ejector-rob of Hot-plate for Strapping Machine Based on ANSYS Workbench%基于 ANSYS Workbench 的捆扎机热合板顶杆有限元分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘伟; 刘军; 刘俊峰; 李建平

    2014-01-01

    以果园苗木捆扎机热合板顶杆为研究对象,利用CAD/CAM 软件Pro/E建立顶杆的参数化特征模型,采用新一代有限元分析软件 ANSYS Workbench 对所建模型进行线性静力学和模态有限元仿真研究。分析结果表明:热合板顶杆在极限位置弹簧拉力的作用下,其静刚度满足使用要求;热合板顶杆的最高工作转速远低于其1阶临界转速,有效地避免了共振的发生。这说明,顶杆结构设计合理,可为顶杆的其它动力学分析奠定基础。%Taking the ejector-rob of hot-plate for the orchard seedling strapping machine as the research object , the parametric feature model of ejector-rob is established by using the CAD/CAM software Pro/E.Using the new generation software ANSYS Workbench of finite element analysis make the linear static and modal finite element simulation for the model .The analysis results show that the action of static rigidity of the ejector-rob of hot-plate in the limit position meet the using requirements under the tension of spring;The maximum working speed of ejector-rob of hot-plate is far below the first critical speed.The occurrence of resonance is avoided effectively.The results show that the structure of ejec-tor rob is reasonable in design .And it lays the foundation for the other dynamics analysis of the ejector-rob .

  4. Reflect and learn together - when two supervisors interact in the learning support process of nurse education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berglund, Mia; Sjögren, Reet; Ekebergh, Margaretha

    2012-03-01

    To describe the importance of supervisors working together in supporting the learning process of nurse students through reflective caring science supervision. A supervision model has been developed in order to meet the need for interweaving theory and practice. The model is characterized by learning reflection in caring science. A unique aspect of the present project was that the student groups were led by a teacher and a nurse. Data were collected through interviews with the supervisors. The analysis was performed with a phenomenological approach. The results showed that theory and practice can be made more tangible and interwoven by using two supervisors in a dual supervision. The essential structure is built on the constituents 'Reflection as Learning Support', 'Interweaving Caring Science with the Patient's Narrative', 'The Student as a Learning Subject' and 'The Learning Environment of Supervision'. The study concludes that supervision in pairs provides unique possibilities for interweaving and developing theory and practice. The supervision model offers unique opportunities for cooperation, for the development of theory and practice and for the development of the professional roll of nurses and teachers. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  5. What supervisors say in their feedback: construction of CanMEDS roles in workplace settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renting, Nienke; Dornan, Tim; Gans, Rijk O B; Borleffs, Jan C C; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke; Jaarsma, A Debbie C

    2016-05-01

    The CanMEDS framework has been widely adopted in residency education and feedback processes are guided by it. It is, however, only one of many influences on what is actually discussed in feedback. The sociohistorical culture of medicine and individual supervisors' contexts, experiences and beliefs are also influential. Our aim was to find how CanMEDS roles are constructed in feedback in a postgraduate curriculum-in-action. We applied a set of discourse analytic tools to written feedback from 591 feedback forms from 7 hospitals, including 3150 feedback comments in which 126 supervisors provided feedback to 120 residents after observing their performance in authentic settings. The role of Collaborator was constructed in two different ways: a cooperative discourse of equality with other workers and patients; and a discourse, which gave residents positions of power-delegating, asserting and 'taking a firm stance'. Efficiency-being fast and to the point emerged as an important attribute of physicians. Patients were seldom part of the discourses and, when they were, they were constructed as objects of communication and collaboration rather than partners. Although some of the discourses are in line with what might be expected, others were in striking contrast to the spirit of CanMEDS. This study's findings suggest that it takes more than a competency framework, evaluation instruments, and supervisor training to change the culture of workplaces. The impact on residents of training in such demanding, efficiency-focused clinical environments is an important topic for future research.

  6. Supervisor Autonomy and Considerate Leadership Style are Associated with Supervisors’ Likelihood to Accommodate Back Injured Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGuire, Connor; Kristman, Vicki L; Williams-Whitt, Kelly; Reguly, Paula; Shaw, William; Soklaridis, Sophie

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE To determine the association between supervisors’ leadership style and autonomy and supervisors’ likelihood of supporting job accommodations for back-injured workers. METHODS A cross-sectional study of supervisors from Canadian and US employers was conducted using a web-based, self-report questionnaire that included a case vignette of a back-injured worker. Autonomy and two dimensions of leadership style (considerate and initiating structure) were included as exposures. The outcome, supervisors’ likeliness to support job accommodation, was measured with the Job Accommodation Scale. We conducted univariate analyses of all variables and bivariate analyses of the JAS score with each exposure and potential confounding factor. We used multivariable generalized linear models to control for confounding factors. RESULTS A total of 796 supervisors participated. Considerate leadership style (β= .012; 95% CI: .009–.016) and autonomy (β= .066; 95% CI: .025–.11) were positively associated with supervisors’ likelihood to accommodate after adjusting for appropriate confounding factors. An initiating structure leadership style was not significantly associated with supervisors’ likelihood to accommodate (β = .0018; 95% CI: −.0026–.0061) after adjusting for appropriate confounders. CONCLUSIONS Autonomy and a considerate leadership style were positively associated with supervisors’ likelihood to accommodate a back-injured worker. Providing supervisors with more autonomy over decisions of accommodation and developing their considerate leadership style may aid in increasing work accommodation for back-injured workers and preventing prolonged work disability. PMID:25595332

  7. Input-output supervisor; Le superviseur d'entree-sortie dans les ordinateurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dupuy, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Vaujours (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1970-07-01

    The input-output supervisor is the program which monitors the flow of informations between core storage and peripheral equipments of a computer. This work is composed of three parts: 1 - Study of a generalized input-output supervisor. With sample modifications it looks like most of input-output supervisors which are running now on computers. 2 - Application of this theory on a magnetic drum. 3 - Hardware requirement for time-sharing. (author) [French] Le superviseur d'entree-sortie est le programme charge de gerer les echanges d'information entre la memoire rapide et les organes peripheriques d'un ordinateur. Ce travail se compose de trois parties: 1 - Etude d'un systeme d'entree-sortie general et theorique qui, en faisant un certain nombre d'hypotheses simplificatrices, permet de retrouver la plupart des superviseurs d'entree-sortie actuels. 2 - Expose d'une realisation concrete, gestion d'un tambour magnetique. 3 - Suggestions hardware en vue de faciliter le timesharing. (auteur)

  8. 人民监督员制度探析%Analysis of People's Supervisor System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林志委

    2015-01-01

    人民监督员制度是普通公民参与司法的有效形式,有助于体现程序的公正和诉讼的民主。现阶段,我国人民监督员制度在选任机制、监督范围、监督方式、保障制度等方面均存在一定程度的缺陷。因此,改进选任机制、扩大监督范围、转变监督方式、完善保障制度是我国人民监督员制度改革的路径选择。%The system of people's supervisor is an effective way for ordinary citizens to participate in the jus-tice, which is a symbol for procedural justice and litigation democracy .At present, since Chinese people's supervi-sor system struggles with the selection mechanism , the scope of supervision , the mode of supervision and the securi-ty system, some solutions , such as to improve the election , to expand the scope of supervision ,to change the mode of supervision , to improve the social security system , are needed to put the reform of people's supervisor system forward .

  9. Adverse event reporting in Slovenia - the influence of safety culture, supervisors and communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birk Karin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. The provision of safe healthcare is considered a priority in European Union (EU member states. Along with other preventative measures in healthcare, the EU also strives to eliminate the “causes of harm to human health”. The aim of this survey was to determine whether safety culture, supervisors and communication between co-workers influence the number of adverse event reports submitted to the heads of clinical departments and to the management of an institution. Methods. This survey is based on cross-sectional analysis. It was carried out in the largest Slovenian university hospital. We received 235 completed questionnaires. Respondents included professionals in the fields of nursingcare, physiotherapy, occupational therapy and radiological technology. Results. Safety culture influences the number of adverse event reports submitted to the head of a clinical department from the organizational point of view. Supervisors and communication between co-workers do not influence the number of adverse event reports. Conclusion. It can be concluded that neither supervisors nor the level of communication between co-workers influence the frequency of adverse event reporting, while safety culture does influence it from an organizational point of view. The presumed factors only partly influence the number of submitted adverse event reports, thus other causes of under-reporting must be sought elsewhere.

  10. Supervisor descriptions of veterinary student performance in the clinical workplace: a qualitative interview study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norman, E J

    2017-06-10

    This qualitative study investigated the qualities of veterinary student performance that inform a supervisor's impression of their competency. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 15 supervisors from different veterinary subdisciplines, to elicit descriptions of excellent, weak and marginal students. Thematic analysis of transcriptions revealed 12 themes, of which engagement was frequently discussed and of stated importance, and trustworthiness was a differentiator of weak and marginal students from excellent students. Other themes were knowledge, application of knowledge, technical and animal handling skills, communication, social interaction, personal functioning, caring for animals, impact, prospects and the difficulty in judging competency. Patterns of association of themes were found, however themes were also used independently in unique combinations for most students described. The findings show the range of abilities, behaviours, attitudes and personal characteristics of students that are considered by supervisors and how these are weighted and balanced. The key contribution of engagement and trustworthiness to the overall impression aligns with research indicating their importance for success in clinical practice, as both contributors to competency and indicators of it. The findings may inform future design and investigation of workplace-based learning and in-training evaluation, as well as conceptions of veterinary competency. British Veterinary Association.

  11. Colleague supervision – “ignored and undervalued”? The views of students and supervisors in a new university

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Colleague supervision is increasingly used in UK modern (post-92) universities to support the progress of academic staff to doctoral qualifications. Denicolo (2004) argues that it is a ‘role relationship that has been\\ud largely ignored or undervalued by administration’ (p. 693) and colleague students and supervisors ‘felt more vulnerable’ than other students/supervisors (p. 706). This small-scale research amongst students and staff in a colleague supervision relationship at a single UK moder...

  12. Vanishing Point - or Meeting in the Middle? Student/Supervisor Transformation in a Self-Study Thesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pratt Dee

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This account explores the divergent perspectives of supervisor and student interacting in self-study research, showing how both participants were transformed by the experience. Although both supervisor and student had faced similar problems as mature students engaging in doctoral study, and both possessed strong convictions about their chosen paths, their focus was very different. The student, being visually creative, was investigating the value of integrated arts as a transformational learning medium; the supervisor, from a linguistics background, was focused on exploring the nature of written communication. The supervisor/student relationship comprises a complex nexus of interconnections between persons, material objects, times and places: it is never static, but always emerging, with the relationship often ending up being more collegial than at first, as with the authors of this paper. In the counterpoint dialogue presented by student and supervisor, it can be seen that both learned from each other: the student, the rigours of structuring a passionate argument intellectually; the supervisor, to express an intellectual argument more personally. Both authors were transformed by the supervisor/student interaction: the supervisor, in rediscovering the value of interpersonal communication; the student, in mastering a research approach which did justice to her belief in the creative power of the arts. The value of engaging with perspectives which initially appear to be irreconcilable is not just to ‘learn new things’, but to push the inner limits of our perspectives, transforming not only the ways in which we perceive things, but the ways in which we learn.

  13. REGLAMENTACIÓN DE LAS FUNCIONES DEL SUPERVISOR DE EDUCACIÓN SUPERIOR EN PUEBLA, MÉXICO

    OpenAIRE

    Eva Hortensia Cházaro Arellano

    2009-01-01

    Regulatory functions of the Supervisor of Higher Education in Puebla, Mexico. The Mexican educational system is regulated by law and standards since the Constitution of the Mexican United States came in force. Within the educational system there are different areas at the nation level as well as at state or city levels which are also ruled by the Constitution and other laws. In the case of the State of Puebla, a public officer -known as Supervisor of Higher Education- has been created, who...

  14. The mediating relationship of self-awareness on supervisor burnout and workgroup Civility & Psychological Safety: A multilevel path analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Hernandez

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine whether managerial self-awareness (defined as degree of agreement between self and subordinate ratings of leaders’ behaviors mediates the relationship between supervisor burnout and supervised workgroup climate. Using an HLM approach, supervisor emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment exhibited significant indirect relationships with workplace Civility and Psychological Safety, via managerial self-awareness. No direct relationships between supervisor burnout and workgroup climate were found, suggesting that self-awareness may be an important mediator for individual characteristics of leaders previously thought to be non-significant. Additional post hoc comparisons indicated that workgroups with supervisors who over-rated their own performance behaviors reported the lowest levels of Civility and Psychological Safety compared to workgroups with supervisors who accurately rated or under-rated their own performance behaviors. However, supervisors that under-rated their own performance reported the highest levels of burnout, highlighting the importance of self-awareness (accurately rating oneself in relation to individual and group outcomes. The relationships between supervisor burnout, managerial self-awareness, and workgroup perceptions of Civility and Psychological Safety differed when considering the directionality of self-other rating agreement, with the negative impact of burnout at the supervisor level having a more direct impact on the workgroup level perceptions of Civility and Psychological Safety when the workgroup is managed by an under-rater, as opposed to an accurate- or over-rater. Practically, organizations should consider the role of managerial self-awareness in influencing subordinate performance and creating desirable work climates. Also, this study suggests the effects of burnout extend beyond the individual and have significant implications for the performance

  15. Videocirurgia robótica: estudo clínico prospectivo na colecistectomia laparoscópica Robotic surgery for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Zorrón

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: A videocirurgia com tecnologia robótica é um avanço médico e tecnológico recente, que tem no conceito de cirurgia-solo (sem auxiliares uma das aplicações práticas que podem permitir maior controle e precisão. Este estudo prospectivo foi desenhado para avaliar a curva de aprendizado da cirurgia-solo com o AESOP 3000 para colecistectomia laparoscópica, avaliando resultados e aplicações desta nova técnica. MÉTODO: Quinze pacientes foram submetidos à cirurgia vídeo-laparoscópica com auxílio de tecnologia robótica, utilizando a câmera com comando de voz AESOP 3000 e um braço mecânico fixo, permitindo a realização dos procedimentos sob o conceito de cirurgia-solo. A câmera posicionada no trocarte umbilical, foi ajustada para receber comando de voz através do transmissor HERMES, permitindo também a gravação de posições-chave. Um braço mecânico foi ligado à mesa cirúrgica para retração fixa de órgãos quando necessário. RESULTADOS: As cirurgias transcorreram sem anormalidades, sem necessidade de conversão, sendo necessária a retirada do AESOP para realização de câmera manual em um caso. O tempo operatório foi aumentado para permitir o tempo de ajuste do aparelho que foi, em média, de 21,9 min. Não foram documentadas complicações locais ou sistêmicas pós-operatórias. Quanto ao tempo de internação, a maioria dos pacientes recebeu alta em 24-48hs (86,7%. O grau de satisfação subjetiva da equipe com o auxiliar robótico foi de 3,94, em um máximo de 5,0. CONCLUSÕES: As potenciais vantagens do AESOP 3000 e dos sistemas de telecirurgia podem ser vislumbradas nesta avaliação inicial. A curva de aprendizado é simples e permitiu a realização das cirurgias por residentes em treinamento. Apesar de maior tempo operatório que o procedimento laparoscópico padrão, a assistência robótica mostrou maior precisão e estabilidade de câmera, sendo um passo inicial para a realização de

  16. [Path analysis of the Influence of Hospital Ethical Climate Perceived by Nurses on Supervisor Trust and Organizational Effectiveness].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noh, Yoon Goo; Jung, Myun Sook

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the paths of influence that a hospital's ethical climate exerts on nurses' organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior, with supervisor trust as the mediating factor, and verify compatibility of the models in hospital nurses. The sample consisted of 374 nurses recruited from four hospitals in 3 cities in Korea. The measurements included the Ethical Climate Questionnaire, Supervisor Trust Questionnaire, Organizational Commitment Questionnaire and Organizational Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire. Ethical Climate Questionnaire consisted of 6 factors; benevolence, personal morality, company rules and procedures, laws and professional codes, self-interest and efficiency. Data were analysed using SPSS version 18.0 and AMOS version 18.0. Supervisor trust was explained by benevolence and self-interest (29.8%). Organizational commitment was explained by benevolence, supervisor trust, personal morality, and rules and procedures (40.4%). Organizational citizenship behavior was explained by supervisor trust, laws and codes, and benevolence (21.8%). Findings indicate that managers need to develop a positive hospital ethical climate in order to improve nurses' trust in supervisors, organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior.

  17. Initiating undergraduate medical students into communities of research practise: what do supervisors recommend?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riley Simon C

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Much has been written in the educational literature on the value of communities of practise in enhancing student learning. Here, we take the experience of senior undergraduate medical students involved in short-term research as a member of a team as a paradigm for learning in a community of practise. Based on feedback from experienced supervisors, we offer recommendations for initiating students into the research culture of their team. In so doing, we endeavour to create a bridge between theory and practise through disseminating advice on good supervisory practise, where the supervisor is perceived as an educator responsible for designing the research process to optimize student learning. Methods Using the questionnaire design tool SurveyMonkey and comprehensive lists of contact details of staff who had supervised research projects at the University of Edinburgh during 1995 - 2008, current and previous supervisors were invited to recommend procedures which they had found successful in initiating students into the research culture of a team. Text responses were then coded in the form of derivative recommendations and categorized under general themes and sub-themes. Results Using the chi-square tests of linear trend and association, evidence was found for a positive trend towards more experienced supervisors offering responses (χ2 = 16.833, p 2 = 0.482, p = 0.487, n = 203, respectively. A total of 126 codes were extracted from the text responses of 65 respondents. These codes were simplified to form a complete list of 52 recommendations, which were in turn categorized under seven derivative overarching themes, the most highly represented themes being Connecting the student with others and Cultivating self-efficacy in research competence. Conclusions Through the design of a coding frame for supervisor responses, a wealth of ideas has been captured to make communities of research practise effective mediums for undergraduate

  18. The Focus of Supervisor Written Feedback to Thesis/Dissertation Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Bitchener

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Written feedback on drafts of a thesis or dissertation is arguably the most important source of input on what is required or expected of thesis-writing students by the academic community. Despite its importance, relatively little is known about what type of information supervisors focus on when giving feedback. This article presents the findings of an exploratory, descriptive study that investigated what supervisors said they focused on when giving feedback. A total of 35 supervisors across three disciplines (Humanities, Sciences/ Mathematics, Commerce at six New Zealand universities participated in the study. Data were sought from self –report data (written questionnaires and interviews and samples of feedback given on thesis drafts. The study found that a wide range of beliefs concerning feedback are held by supervisors, that there is little difference in the type of feedback provided by supervisors in the different disciplines and that similar feedback tends to be given to both L1 and L2 students.Aunque los comentarios escritos que se añaden como feedback a los borradores de una tesis o tesina pueden considerarse una de las fuentes de información más importantes sobre lo que se requiere o se espera por parte de la comunidad académica con relación a la expresión escrita utilizada por los estudiantes, se sabe relativamente poco sobre el tipo de información en la que los directores centran su atención a la hora de hacer dichos comentarios. Este artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio exploratorio y descriptivo que investigó los aspectos a los que los directores afirmaron prestar atención al proporcionar comentarios escritos. Un total de 35 directores de tres disciplinas diferentes (Humanidades, Ciencias/Matemáticas, Comercio pertenecientes a seis universidades de Nueva Zelanda participaron en el estudio. Los datos se obtuvieron a partir de la información proporcionada por los propios participantes (cuestionarios escritos y

  19. Sistema para localização robótica de veículos autônomos baseado em visão computacional por pontos de referência

    OpenAIRE

    Leandro Nogueira Couto

    2012-01-01

    A integração de sistemas de Visão Computacional com a Robótica Móvel é um campo de grande interesse na pesquisa. Este trabalho demonstra um método de localização global para Robôs Móveis Autônomos baseado na criação de uma memória visual, através da detecção e descrição de pontos de referência de imagens capturadas, com o método SURF, associados a dados de odometria, em um ambiente interno. O procedimento proposto, associado com conhecimento específico sobre o ambiente, permite que a localiza...

  20. Estudio prospectivo comparando la gastrectomía tubular laparoscópica y la gastrectomía robótica para el tratamiento de la obesidad mórbida

    OpenAIRE

    Domingo González, Marta

    2011-01-01

    La cirurgia de l'obesitat suposa una eina dins de l'arsenal terapèutic dels pacients afectes d'obesitat mòrbida. La gastrectomia vertical s'ha popularitzat com a tècnica i les noves tecnologies com la laparoscòpia s'utilitzen de forma habitual. Més recentment la robòtica s'utilitza en diferents àmbits i també s'està implementant en la cirurgia de l'obesitat. A fi de compara la gastrectomia vertical realitzada mitjançant laparoscòpia o robòtica es planteja el següent estudi. S'han comparat els...

  1. Estudio prospectivo comparando la gastrectomía tubular laparoscópica y la gastrectomía robótica para el tratamiento de la obesidad mórbida

    OpenAIRE

    Domingo González, Marta

    2011-01-01

    La cirurgia de l'obesitat suposa una eina dins de l'arsenal terapèutic dels pacients afectes d'obesitat mòrbida. La gastrectomia vertical s'ha popularitzat com a tècnica i les noves tecnologies com la laparoscòpia s'utilitzen de forma habitual. Més recentment la robòtica s'utilitza en diferents àmbits i també s'està implementant en la cirurgia de l'obesitat. A fi de compara la gastrectomia vertical realitzada mitjançant laparoscòpia o robòtica es planteja el següent estudi. S'han comparat els...

  2. A first case of primary amenorrhea with i(X(qter---q10::---qter, rob(13;14(q10;q10, inv(9(p13q33 karyotype

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seema Korgaonkar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary amenorrhea (PA refers to the absence of menarche by the age of 16-18 years although secondary sexual characters are developed. PA occurs in 1-3% of women in the reproductive age group. Various factors such as anatomical, genetic and hormonal factors reported to influence PA. We report triple chromosomal abnormalities of rob(13;14(q10;q10,inv(9(p13q33, i(Xq(qter---q10::---qter in a case of PA and short stature. Though proband has multiple chromosome aberrations, genotypic effect of only i(Xq is evident as proband has PA and short stature. The rob(13;14 and inv(9, which are paternally derived may have role in later reproductive age. Therefore, chromosomal analysis is essential in such cases for the accurate diagnosis and management of the disease.

  3. Educational robotics. A new challenge for the Panamanian education La robótica educativa, un nuevo reto para la educación panameña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro A. Barranco Candanedo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal.dotm 0 0 1 36 209 Universidad de Salamanca 1 1 256 12.0 0 false 18 pt 18 pt 0 0 false false false /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} The educational robotics a new challenge for Panamanian education break new ground in the school curriculum, this leads to introduce robotic technology in the classroom, which brings new challenges for teachers and students, who face high expectations. Normal.dotm 0 0 1 31 180 Universidad de Salamanca 1 1 221 12.0 0 false 18 pt 18 pt 0 0 false false false /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} La robótica educativa es un nuevo reto para la educación panameña ya que además de abrir nuevos caminos dentro del currículo con la robótica en las aulas exige nuevos retos tanto para los docentes como los

  4. Diseño y desarrollo de un kit de robótica educativa modular y compacto basado en la plataforma Arduino con uso de sensórica y actuadores estandarizados

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Proyecto consistente en el diseño y desarrollo de un kit de robótica educativa, que sea modular, basado en la plataforma Arduino y con uso de sensórica y actuadores estándares del mercado para permitir la intercambiabilidad. Aporta una solución de hardware y software libre a bajo coste y completamente desarrollable a nivel docente y privado.

  5. Desarrollo de un modelo generalizado para realimentación de fuerza y torque en cirugía cardiotorácica robótica mínimamente invasiva: determinación de condiciones y restricciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Pérez, IEE., PhD.(c

    2011-07-01

    Conclusiones: Las condiciones relacionadas con la incorporación de un sensor de fuerza y la percepción del cirujano en cuanto al tacto y la fuerza aplicada, resultan ser importantes en procedimientos de MICS robótica y requiere la inclusión de un sistema de control que permita la optimización de procedimientos por telepresencia.

  6. Desempeño de Algoritmos Gusano en la Navegación de una Plataforma Robótica Móvil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alvarez

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo presenta la implementación de algoritmos de navegación denominados gusano 1 y gusano 2 sobre la plataforma robotica móvil de iRobot Create, los cuales se brindaron la capacidad de autonomía para navegar dentro de entornos desconocidos. Además, se utilizaron los módulos de radio frecuencia, que funcionan bajo el estándar ZigBee, para dotar de comunicación inalambrica entre el robot y una PC. Se realizaron pruebas de comunicación para determinar la máxima distancia de trabajo a la que pueden funcionar los módulos RF en interiores; mientras que, para el análisis de desempeño de los algoritmos básicos de navegación montados sobre la plataforma robótica móvil se definieron tres escenarios diferentes donde se verificó la certeza de haber alcanzado la meta por el robot.

  7. 浅析仓库主管的管理%Management Suggestions of the Warehouse Supervisor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔培

    2016-01-01

    仓库主管是物流团队的核心之一。针对仓库主管的管理要求,介绍了所需的沟通、协调技能,并结合实际,提出一些建议。%Warehouse supervisor is the core member of the logistics management team.Because of the need of management,the author gives the introduction of the communication and coordinate skill,then proposes some suggestions according to the actual.

  8. Nordic Post-Graduate Sustainable Design and Engineering Research from a Supervisor Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boks, Casper; Plepys, Andrius; McAloone, Tim C.

    2008-01-01

    The multi- and interdisciplinary field of sustainable product innovation is rapidly expanding as an arena for scientific research. Universities in Nordic countries can be considered as an exponent of this type of research, with active research groups in, among others, Göteborg, Helsinki, Lund......, Lyngby, Linköping and Trondheim. In the context of a Nordforsk funded project, seven second generation PhD supervisors from these universities, who have been active in this field for many years, discuss funding, publication, research traditions, education and supervision practices related to PhD research...

  9. Training of young researchers and PhD supervisors for the future

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolmos, Anette

    2004-01-01

    If Europe is to develop an integrated knowledge society and ERA, the research practice has to be developed. Further development of the research practice can among others take place through training of young researchers, which is not only based on the principles of apprenticeship, but a training...... which contributes to break down the usual ways of thinking and to incorporate both intercultural and interdisciplinary principles, and a valued orientation towards trade and industry. The PhD supervisors should also be trained so that light is thrown on the aims, methods and contents of the supervision...

  10. Do PhD supervisors play a role in bridging academic cultures?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elliot, Dely; Kobayashi, Sofie

    , we strongly argue that PhD supervisors also have a significant part to play in facilitating successful transition of their PhD students to a new academic culture. Literature in doctoral education recognises the importance of ‘pastoral care’ in the supervisory bond for nurturing students’ overall...... learning, e.g. confidence and capacity-building in preparation for independent research (Cotterall, 2013; Wright, 2003). Pastoral care arguably includes supervisors’ efforts to facilitate the transition to the new learning environment. Yet, more in-depth examination of this aspect of the supervisory...

  11. A Meta-Analytic Study of Downsizing: Behaviors and Attitudes Prevalent Among Supervisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-09-01

    purposes of this study, downsizing represents an involuntary action from the perspective of the employee and is synonymous with " layoff " and...sincerely, why the layoff is necessary. SUMM= Downsizing has become a way of life in the 1990’s. Tomorrow’s supervisors will be challenged in an...on ELECTE SEP 2 9 1994 FO A META-ANALYTIC STUDY OF DOWNSIZING : BEHAVIORS ’ " AND ATTITUDES PREVALENT AMONG SURVIVORS THESIS Donald A. O’Hare, B.S

  12. Turnover Intentions of Employees With Informal Eldercare Responsibilities: The Role of Core Self-Evaluations and Supervisor Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greaves, Claire E; Parker, Stacey L; Zacher, Hannes; Jimmieson, Nerina L

    2015-12-01

    As longevity increases, so does the need for care of older relatives by working family members. This research examined the interactive effect of core self-evaluations and supervisor support on turnover intentions in two samples of employees with informal caregiving responsibilities. Data were obtained from 57 employees from Australia (Study 1) and 66 employees from the United States and India (Study 2). Results of Study 1 revealed a resource compensation effect, that is, an inverse relationship between core self-evaluations and turnover intentions when supervisor care support was low. Results of Study 2 extended these findings by demonstrating resource boosting effects. Specifically, there was an inverse relationship between core self-evaluations and subsequent turnover intentions for those with high supervisor work and care support. In addition, employees' satisfaction and emotional exhaustion from their work mediated the inverse relationship between core self-evaluations and subsequent turnover intentions when supervisor work support and care support were high. Overall, these findings highlight the importance of employee- and supervisor-focused intervention strategies in organizations to support informal caregivers.

  13. Family-supportive supervisor behaviors, work engagement, and subjective well-being: a contextually dependent mediated process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Russell A; Mills, Maura J; Trout, Rachel C; English, Lucy

    2014-04-01

    Grounded in a multistudy framework, we examined the relationship between family-supportive supervisor behaviors, work engagement, and subjective well-being as a contextually dependent mediated process. In Study 1 (N = 310), based on broaden-and-build and conservation of resources theories, we tested the proposed mediated process while controlling for perceived organizational support and perceived managerial effectiveness. We also demonstrated that family-supportive supervisor behaviors are distinguishable from general supervisor behaviors. In Study 2 (N = 1,640), using multigroup structural equation modeling, we validated and extended Study 1 results by examining how the mediated model varied based on 2 contextualizing constructs: (a) dependent care responsibilities and (b) availability of family-friendly benefits. Although the mediational results were contextually dependent, they were not necessarily consistent with hypothesizing based on conservation of resources theory. Practical implications are emphasized in addition to future research directions.

  14. Feedback from educational supervisors and trainees on the implementation of curricula and the assessment system for core medical training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Gavin; Barrett, James; Jones, Mike; Parry, David; Wade, Winnie

    2008-10-01

    A pilot of core medical training (CMT) was conducted in 2006-7 with 160 trainees and 130 supervisors in the 10 hospitals within the Mersey Deanery. Questionnaires and focus groups were used to gain feedback from trainees and supervisors in relation to the components of CMT (the curricula, workplace-based assessments, appraisal, and the e-portfolio). There was generally a positive attitude to the CMT package. In particular the opportunities to give and receive feedback were appreciated; the e-portfolio was identified as helpful for recording assessment outcomes and supporting educational development for the trainees. The workplace-based assessments were well received. Many of the benefits of the components of CMT depended on the skill of the supervisor. The time required for effective training supervision and workplace-based assessments was identified as an important issue. This pilot was invaluable in informing the widespread implementation of CMT in 2007.

  15. Overall Well-Being and Supervisor Ratings of Employee Performance, Accountability, Customer Service, Innovation, Prosocial Behavior, and Self-Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hao; Sears, Lindsay E; Coberley, Carter R; Pope, James E

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to study the effects of overall well-being and well-being change on six supervisor-rated indicators of employee performance valued by organizations: overall performance, accountability, customer service, innovation, prosocial behavior, and self-development. The current study used two waves of well-being survey data collected over 2 years and supervisor performance ratings for 5691 employees. Ordinary least squares regression was conducted. Both well-being at baseline and two-year change in well-being were related to all six supervisor-rated performance dimensions, controlling for other employee characteristics. Overall well-being likely functioned as a resource enabling people to successfully perform across the specific areas highly valued by their company. Given this connection, well-being interventions could be used as a means to accomplish improved performance in dimensions that contribute to organizational performance.

  16. Curso técnico de enfermagem do PROFAE-Ceará: a voz dos supervisores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmem Cemires Cavalcante Costa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudio de carácter cualitativo, cuyo objetivo fue analizar desde la óptica de los enfermeros supervisores, el Curso Técnico de Enfermería de la Escuela de Salud Pública de Ceará, realizado en el ámbito del Proyecto de Profesionalización de los Trabajadores del Área de Enfermería, para conocer los puntos fuertes y las dificultades enfrentadas. Se organizó un grupo focal con 10 supervisores del curso, en febrero de 2007. El análisis de contenido de las declaraciones evidenció que el curso posibilitó el desarrollo de competencias para el técnico de enfermería. Entre los puntos positivos, se destacaron: la utilización de la metodología de la Problematización y la calidad del material didáctico. Las dificultades indicadas se refieren a la logística del curso, resaltando el escaso apoyo de la gestión municipal y la limitación de los campos de prácticas. Se concluye, por lo tanto, que esta estrategia educacional debe ser colocada en la pauta de la educación permanente, como forma efectiva de propiciar la reflexión y cambios significativos en los procesos de trabajo en salud.

  17. A Juggling Act: Supervisor/Candidate Partnership in a Doctoral Thesis by Publication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    rohan nethsinghe

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Increasingly doctoral candidates are attempting to complete a thesis by publication. This format varies between universities but there are common issues particularly in terms of progression, planning and timing. There are both advantages and difficulties involved in undertaking a thesis in this format. Our discussion of the supervisor/candidate partnership is framed within the requirements of a tight journal publishing agenda. Different universities have different requirements about the number of published papers to be included, the extent of candidate’s contribution as sole or joint author, the framing of the research as a unified thesis, presentation, and examination. The decision to attempt a thesis by publication must be taken early and data collection may need to be completed early. Articles then need to be written, polished, submitted, reviewed, revised and, hopefully, accepted. The thesis by publication is a juggling act between maintaining coherence and focusing on publishable segments. It is also a dialogue between supervisor and candidate involving the resolution of sometimes conflicting demands. Employing Cognitive Apprenticeship theory we present a shared autophenomenography that chronicles our doctoral journey that led to a successful thesis by publication. The findings are discussed under thematic headings: Logistics, Cognitive Apprenticeship in Action, and Building Trust.

  18. TRADE instructional materials for SARA/OSHA training. Volume 2, Managers and supervisors training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-03-01

    This document provides instructional materials for an eight-hour training course for managers and supervisors of hazardous waste sites. It is one of three volumes of course materials TRADE is preparing to help DOE contractor training staff comply with 29 CFR 1910.120, the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) rule that implements Title I of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) of 1986. OSHA`s final rule for hazardous waste operators was published in the Federal Register of March 6, 1989 (54 FR 9294). Combined with the materials in Volumes I and III and with appropriate site-specific information, these materials will help DOE contractors to meet the requirements of 1910.120 (e) that ``on-site management and supervisors directly responsible for, or who supervise employees engaged in, hazardous waste operations`` receive the same initial training as that of the employees they supervise and at least eight additional hours of specialized training in managing hazardous waste operations.

  19. Supervision in neuropsychological assessment: a survey of training, practices, and perspectives of supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shultz, Laura A Schwent; Pedersen, Heather A; Roper, Brad L; Rey-Casserly, Celiane

    2014-01-01

    Within the psychology supervision literature, most theoretical models and practices pertain to general clinical or counseling psychology. Supervision specific to clinical neuropsychology has garnered little attention. This survey study explores supervision training, practices, and perspectives of neuropsychology supervisors. Practicing neuropsychologists were invited to participate in an online survey via listservs and email lists. Of 451 respondents, 382 provided supervision to students, interns, and/or fellows in settings such as VA medical centers (37%), university medical centers (35%), and private practice (15%). Most supervisors (84%) reported supervision was discussed in graduate school "minimally" or "not at all." Although 67% completed informal didactics or received continuing education in supervision, only 27% reported receiving training specific to neuropsychology supervision. Notably, only 39% were satisfied with their training in providing supervision and 77% indicated they would likely participate in training in providing supervision, if available at professional conferences. Results indicate that clinical neuropsychology as a specialty has paid scant attention to developing supervision models and explicit training in supervision skills. We recommend that the specialty develop models of supervision for neuropsychological practice, supervision standards and competencies, training methods in provision of supervision, and benchmark measures for supervision competencies.

  20. Investigating of Attitudes Concerning Supervisors of Administrators and Teachers in Primary Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yüksel GÜNDÜZ

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of administrators and teachers who work in primary schools towards counseling and supervision and positive feelings development of supervisors. The population of the study consists of 3440 administrators (n=268 andteachers (n=3172 in 54 primary schools in Bagcılar between 2008-2009 academic year. The sample includes 550 administrators (n=109 and teachers (n=396 chosen randomly by using “disproportionate subject sampling”. The data of this quantitative study were collected with a 20-item-scale developed by Sümbül and İnandı (2005. . The data obtained after having been applied to the administrators and teachers was analysed with percentage, means, frequence, standard deviation, t-test and single-sided variance (anova. The general attitudes of administrators and teachers towards counseling and supervision and positive feelings development of supervisors has been found as “I am not sure”. Meaningful differences were found between teachers’ and administrators’ attitudes in age, award and in-service training variables. No meaningful differences were found for gender, tenure and position variables. Cronbach Alfa internal integrity of the scale was found tobe 0.92.

  1. PERCEPTION OF SUPERVISOR SUPPORT, PERSONALITY TRAITS OF EMPLOYEES AND THEIR SATISFACTION WITH WORK-RELATED FACETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Hadzic

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The planned downsizing in many organizations which are under the state ownership in Serbia produce a high level of uncertainty and a very specific organi-zational environment. Investigation of the satisfaction with work-related facets of the employees at the beginning of organizational changes is a very important step toward the building of an appropriate strategy for human resource management. We investigate the moderating effect of the variable “supervisor support“ on the correla-tions between variables “Big Five personality traits of employees” and “satisfaction with work-related facets”.Sample consists of 117 employees from a big state owned organization during an important organizational change. The following instruments are used: Big Five Locator - BFL, Communication Satisfaction Questionnaire - CSQ and Job Satisfac-tion Questionnaire - JS.Our results prove that the variable “supervisor support” moderate the correlati-ons between variable “personality trait conscientiousness” and variables “satisfacti-on with pay” and “satisfaction with benefit”; the correlation between variable “personality trait openness” and variable “satisfaction with pay”; the correlations between variable “personality trait negative affectivity” and variables ”satisfaction with pay”, “satisfaction with benefit”, and “satisfaction with recognition”.

  2. [Differences and similarities between the competencies of a nursing supervisor and an advanced clinical nurse specialist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    del Barrio-Linares, M; Pumar-Méndez, M J

    2015-01-01

    With the aim of contributing to the development of a more specific professional regulation, the present study was to identify differences and similarities between the competencies of the nursing supervisor and clinical nurse specialist in an intensive care unit. A critical analysis of the literature published between 2003 and 2013 was conducted, identified through systematic searches in electronic databases, health management and practitioner journals and reference lists of the 17 items included. «Management and administration» and «direct clinical practice» were identified as specific competencies of nursing supervisor and clinical nurse specialist respectively. «Collaboration», «leadership» and «research» emerged as competencies shared by both profiles, but with different a operationalization way of conducting it. These findings imply that regulation, education and implementation of these profiles must address their specific skills as the distinctive approach taken in operationalizing shared. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y SEEIUC. All rights reserved.

  3. Modelling Digital Knowledge Transfer: Nurse Supervisors Transforming Learning at Point of Care to Advance Nursing Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carey Mather

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Limited adoption of mobile technology for informal learning and continuing professional development within Australian healthcare environments has been explained primarily as an issue of insufficient digital and ehealth literacy of healthcare professionals. This study explores nurse supervisors’ use of mobile technology for informal learning and continuing professional development both for their own professional practice, and in their role in modelling digital knowledge transfer, by facilitating the learning and teaching of nursing students in the workplace. A convenience sample of 27 nurse supervisors involved with guiding and supporting undergraduate nurses participated in one of six focus groups held in two states of Australia. Expanding knowledge emerged as the key theme of importance to this group of clinicians. Although nurse supervisors regularly browsed Internet sources for learning and teaching purposes, a mixed understanding of the mobile learning activities that could be included as informal learning or part of formal continuing professional development was detected. Participants need educational preparation and access to mobile learning opportunities to improve and maintain their digital and ehealth literacy to appropriately model digital professionalism with students. Implementation of mobile learning at point of care to enable digital knowledge transfer, augment informal learning for students and patients, and support continuing professional development opportunities is necessary. Embedding digital and ehealth literacy within nursing curricula will promote mobile learning as a legitimate nursing function and advance nursing practice.

  4. Comparison of work motivation in camp supervisors and camp counselors in Greek private camps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Costa

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was twofold. First, the study sought to better understand the work motivators that led camp supervisors and counselors to accept their job. Second, the study sought to better understand the ranking and rating of 20 work motivators from supervisors and camp counselors. Responders to the research questionnaire (n=121 were camp supervisory staff and counselors, age 15-55, working in seven private camps in Greece. Two instruments were used to collect data. The first instrument collected demographic data while the second instrument focused on ranking and rating 20 work motivators. The study suggested that Herzberg's theory (Motivator / Hygiene does not apply on a full scale. The results suggested that supervisory staff indicated good working conditions, meeting other people and carrying out personal growth are important. In addition, they don't like travel and don't consider working in a camp, as a stable job. The camp counselors want to have fun in their job and the opportunity to work with youth. They also don't consider working in a camp, as a stable job and they don't accept the responsibility in proportion to their position.

  5. Feedback and clinical practice improvement: A tool to assist workplace supervisors and students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calleja, P; Harvey, T; Fox, A; Carmichael, M

    2016-03-01

    In work integrated learning, students may report difficulties applying theory learned at university to clinical practice. One contributing factor may be students' inability to engage in meaningful reflection and self-correcting behaviours. This paper reports the evaluation of a tool, process and resources developed to assist students to reflect on feedback and engage in self-assessment. Students were assisted to develop self-assessment skills by reflecting on, and engaging with feedback from previous workplace experiences to develop goals, learning outcomes and strategies to improve performance with mostly positive results. A secondary aim was to identify common learning strategies or barriers that impacted on student outcomes. Four themes emerged from the qualitative data: 1) preparing for clinical learning, 2) relationships and engagement levels, 3) shared awareness and, 4) developing clinical practice. Overall students felt the tool assisted them to narrow their attention on what needed to be improved. While supervisors believed the tool helped them to focus on specific needs of each student. Common barriers to clinical practice improvement related to a lack of opportunity in some settings, and lack of staff willingness to support students to achieve identified goals. Students and supervisors found the use of the tools beneficial and assisted students to demonstrate a greater understanding of how to apply feedback received to support their learning in the clinical environment.

  6. Developing skilled doctor-patient communication in the workplace: a qualitative study of the experiences of trainees and clinical supervisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giroldi, Esther; Veldhuijzen, Wemke; Geelen, Kristel; Muris, Jean; Bareman, Frits; Bueving, Herman; van der Weijden, Trudy; van der Vleuten, Cees

    2017-02-20

    To inform the development of recommendations to facilitate learning of skilled doctor-patient communication in the workplace, this qualitative study explores experiences of trainees and supervisors regarding how trainees learn communication and how supervisors support trainees' learning in the workplace. We conducted a qualitative study in a general practice training setting, triangulating various sources of data to obtain a rich understanding of trainees and supervisors' experiences: three focus group discussions, five discussions during training sessions and five individual interviews. Thematic network analysis was performed during an iterative process of data collection and analysis. We identified a communication learning cycle consisting of six phases: impactful experience, change in frame of reference, identification of communication strategies, experimentation with strategies, evaluation of strategies and incorporation into personal repertoire. Supervisors supported trainees throughout this process by creating challenges, confronting trainees with their behaviour and helping them reflect on its underlying mechanisms, exploring and demonstrating communication strategies, giving concrete practice assignments, creating safety, exploring the effect of strategies and facilitating repeated practice and reflection. Based on the experiences of trainees and supervisors, we conclude that skilled communication involves the development of a personal communication repertoire from which learners are able to apply strategies that fit the context and their personal style. After further validation of our findings, it may be recommended to give learners concrete examples, opportunities for repeated practise and reflection on personal frames of reference and the effect of strategies, as well as space for authenticity and flexibility. In the workplace, the clinical supervisor is able to facilitate all these essential conditions to support his/her trainee in becoming a skilled

  7. Effective science teachers' professional development: A multiple-case study of district-level science supervisors' perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaben, Chris Jay

    At its heart, science teachers' professional development is about continual growth and improvement (Yager, 2005). Conducting research to understand what constitutes effective professional development is inherently complex (Hewson, 2007). The imperative to link research on professional development to student achievement (Fishman, Marx, Best, & Tal, 2003) increases complexity of research on the topic. These complexities require multiple research approaches and indicate that all stakeholders could provide insights to identify what constitutes effective professional development. District-level science supervisors' voices are missing from the data on effective science teachers' professional development and this provides a potential gap in the literature (Banilower, Heck, & Weiss, 2007; Elmore & Burney, 1999; Shroyer, Miller, Hernandez, & Dunn, 2007). The purpose of this multiple-case study was to gather information from six district-level science supervisors from six different school districts in six different states to gain a deeper understanding of their insights on what constitutes effective professional development. The empirical data examined in this study resulted from interviews, participant drawings, observations, and document review. The major finding was that the district-level science supervisors mostly confirmed what was known in the field. However, this finding could be used in a variety of ways to support future research; such as providing a potential data source to corroborate self-reported teacher survey data. The findings from this study also identified a few nuances to what is known about effective science teachers' professional development research. Specifically, a finding suggests that researchers may need to reconceptualize the amount of time before which science teachers' professional development can impact student achievement. Another nuance identified relates to the, already known, understanding that district-level science supervisors' beliefs

  8. Projeto observatórios virtuais: educação através de telescópios robóticos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santana, P. H. S.; Shida, R. Y.

    2003-08-01

    O principal objetivo do projeto Observatórios Virtuais é o ensino na área de ciências através de atividades práticas desenvolvidas em colaboração entre instituições de pesquisa em astronomia e escolas de ensino médio e fundamental. Este ano deverá ser concluída a implantação do programa piloto de estudos, pesquisas e observação astronômica direta, com utilização em tempo real de telescópios robóticos, que assim funcionarão como "observatórios virtuais". O objetivo pedagógico das atividades práticas baseadas nas imagens atronômicas é desenvolver as habilidades e competências dos alunos no uso do método científico. Para isso, serão realizados projetos interdisciplinares, a partir de observações astronômicas, já que a astronomia é uma área interdisciplinar por excelência. Essas atividades terão níveis diferenciados de complexidade, que podem ser adequados aos vários graus do ensino e realidades regionais. Será dada ênfase ao desenvolvimento e aplicação em São Paulo, onde atua a equipe do IAG/USP. Como resultados apresentados no presente trabalho, temos a criação de um software em português para o processamento de imagens obtidas através de CCDs e a elaboração de material para as atividades educacionais relacionadas.

  9. Robótica: la cinemática vista desde la teoría matemática en robots bípedos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ramón Iglesias Gamarra

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo aborda la investigación en robótica utilizando técnicas de Geometría Diferencial, basadas en la teoría matemática de Grupos y Álgebras de Lie y Algoritmos de Denavit-Hatenberg y herramientas de Geometría Computacional para el análisis de interfaces en evolución. Esta investigación con robots tiene como una de sus fases dentro de sus objetivos la resolución completa del problema de Locomoción y Navegación Bípeda de Robots Humanoides. Para ello, utilizamos nuevos modelos y algoritmos geométricos de propósito general, no presentados anteriormente en la literatura. El nuevo algoritmo “Un Paso Adelante” (UPA, resuelve la locomoción bípeda de un humanoide, basándose en el nuevo modelo “División Cinemática Sagital” (DCS. El nuevo algoritmo “Método Modificado de Marcha Rápida” (M3R proporciona trayectorias libres de colisiones para resolver problemas de planificación, sea cual fuere la estructura del entorno de trabajo. Para la navegación del robot humanoide, introducimos el nuevo modelo “Trayectoria Corporal Global” (TCG. Los nuevos modelos y algoritmos introducidos en esta investigación, se están probando en experimentos reales con el humanoide que estamos trabajando en la Universidad del Magdalena.

  10. Tecnología robótica en cirugía oral y maxilofacial Robotic technology in oral and maxillofacial surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.A. Hueto Madrid

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available La utilización de robots en cirugía como ayudantes o como cirujanos despierta interés desde hace décadas. Sus características de precisión, incansabilidad y muchas otras ventajas auguran a esta tecnología un papel destacado en la cirugía maxilofacial del futuro. No obstante, las experiencias en nuestro campo y en otras especialidades quirúrgicas han puesto de manifiesto la falta de madurez de la tecnología robótica para incorporarse a corto plazo a los quirófanos. La introducción de tecnologías para una mayor miniaturización, su actuación cooperativa y una mejor interacción con el medio pueden aportar las características que necesitan para ser útiles y definitivamente incorporarse a nuestra actividad.The use of robots in surgery as operating room assistants or as surgical agents has attracted interest for decades. Their accuracy, resistance to fatigue and many other features augur a prominent role of this technology in maxillofacial surgery in the future. Nevertheless, experience in this field and other surgical specialities has shown that robotic technology is not yet mature enough to be used routinely in operating rooms. The introduction of new technologies to improve miniaturization, cooperative work, and better interactive behavior may endow robots with the necessary features to make them useful enough to include them in our surgical activities.

  11. Educational resources and tools for robotic learning Recursos y herramientas didácticas para el aprendizaje de la robótica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Gil Vazquez

    2012-07-01

    -style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Este artículo analiza diferentes experiencias docentes que tienen como finalidad el aprendizaje de la robótica en el mundo universitario. Estas experiencias se plasman en el desarrollo de varios cursos y asignaturas sobre robótica que se imparten en la Universidad de Alicante. Para el desarrollo de estos cursos, los autores han empleado varias plataformas educativas, algunas de implementación propia, otras de libre distribución y código abierto. El objetivo de estos cursos es enseñar el diseño e implementación de soluciones robóticas a diversos problemas que van desde el control, programación y manipulación de brazos robots de ámbito industrial hasta la construcción y/o programación de mini-robots con carácter educativo. Por un lado, se emplean herramientas didácticas de última generación como simuladores y laboratorios virtuales que flexibilizan el uso de brazos robots y por otro lado, se hace uso de competiciones y concursos para motivar al alumno haciendo que ponga en práctica las destrezas aprendidas, mediante la construcción y programación de mini-robots de bajo coste.

  12. Examining the Fieldwork Experience from the Site Supervisor Perspective: A Mixed-Methods Study Using Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brannon, Sian

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify feelings and behaviors of fieldwork supervisors in public libraries using Lev Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development theory as a background for design, analysis, and discussion of results. This research sought to find out how fieldwork supervisors perform initial assessments of their fieldwork students,…

  13. The Relationship between the Servant Leadership Behaviors of Immediate Supervisors and Followers' Perceptions of Being Empowered in the Context of Small Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Winkle, Barbara; Allen, Stuart; DeVore, Douglas; Winston, Bruce

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure the relationship between followers' perceptions of the servant leadership of their immediate supervisor and followers' sense of empowerment in the context of small businesses. A quantitative survey was completed by 116 employees of small businesses, including measures of supervisors' servant leadership…

  14. Positivity bias in employees' self-ratings of performance relative to supervisor ratings : The roles of performance type, performance-approach goal orientation, and perceived influence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, O.; van der Vegt, G.S.

    2011-01-01

    As hypothesized, data from two field studies among employees and their supervisors showed that employees are more likely to positively bias their self-ratings relative to supervisor ratings when creative performance rather than inrole performance is being evaluated. In addition, employees' performan

  15. The Influence of Supervisor Multicultural Competence on the Supervisory Working Alliance, Supervisee Counseling Self-efficacy, and Supervisee Satisfaction with Supervision: A Mediation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crockett, Stephanie; Hays, Danica G.

    2015-01-01

    We developed and tested a mediation model depicting relationships among supervisor multicultural competence, the supervisory working alliance, supervisee counseling self-efficacy, and supervisee satisfaction with supervision. Results of structural equation modeling showed that supervisor multicultural competence was related to the supervisory…

  16. Exploring Differences in Industry Supervisors' Ratings of Student Performance on WIL Placements and the Relative Importance of Skills: Does Remuneration Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milne, Lisa; Caldicott, Julia

    2016-01-01

    Assessment in work integrated learning (WIL) programs typically involves workplace supervisors rating student performance against criteria based on employability skills. Yet investigations of differences in employer ratings that may impact on student outcomes are rare. This paper reports on a pilot study that examined supervisor evaluations of the…

  17. Tratamento supervisionado em pacientes portadores de tuberculose utilizando supervisores domiciliares em Vitória, Brasil Directly observed therapy using home-based supervisors for treating tuberculosis in Vitória, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a utilização de supervisores domiciliares para dose supervisionada do tratamento(DOT, em pacientes portadores de tuberculose. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo prospectivo com amostra composta por pacientes com diagnóstico de tuberculose pulmonar. Participaram deste estudo 98 pacientes. Um protocolo de capacitação do paciente e sua família foi implementado. Após este treinamento, o paciente poderia escolher entre um supervisor domiciliar e um profissional de saúde. Os métodos de análise descritiva utilizados foram a freqüência absoluta e relativa. RESULTADOS: Um supervisor familiar foi escolhido por 94 pacientes (96%. O percentual de cura foi de 99%. O parceiro foi escolhido por 49% e algum outro familiar o foi por 28% dos pacientes. A equipe de pesquisa precisou assumir o DOT em 3% dos casos. O comparecimento regular para a supervisão foi de 67%. Verificou-se que 24% dos problemas encontrados neste modelo de DOT referiram-se ao esquecimento em administrar ou tomar as medicações, por parte do supervisor e do paciente, respectivamente, sendo que 39% dos pacientes deixaram de tomar a medicação por um dia e 31% esqueceram-se de tomá-la por dois dias durante o tratamento. Houve troca de supervisor em 9% da amostra, perda de medicação pelo paciente em algum momento do tratamento em 9% e intolerância do paciente à medicação em 8%. CONCLUSÕES: O DOT supervisionado pelo familiar mostrou-se eficaz e de baixo custo. No entanto, a adesão ao tratamento não de deve a um só fator, mas ao conjunto de medidas adotadas: vale transporte; ações educativas; e, principalmente, a abordagem individualizada.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of family members as supervisors of directly observed therapy (DOT in patients with tuberculosis. METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study involving patients diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis. The sample comprised 98 patients. A standardized protocol was implemented

  18. Constitutive SoxS expression in a fluoroquinolone-resistant strain with a truncated SoxR protein and identification of a new member of the marA-soxS-rob regulon, mdtG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fàbrega, Anna; Martin, Robert G; Rosner, Judah L; Tavio, M Mar; Vila, Jordi

    2010-03-01

    Elevated levels of fluoroquinolone resistance are frequently found among Escherichia coli clinical isolates. This study investigated the antibiotic resistance mechanisms of strain NorE5, derived in vitro by exposing an E. coli clinical isolate, PS5, to two selection steps with increasing concentrations of norfloxacin. In addition to the amino acid substitution in GyrA (S83L) present in PS5, NorE5 has an amino acid change in ParC (S80R). Furthermore, we now find by Western blotting that NorE5 has a multidrug resistance phenotype resulting from the overexpression of the antibiotic resistance efflux pump AcrAB-TolC. Microarray and gene fusion analyses revealed significantly increased expression in NorE5 of soxS, a transcriptional activator of acrAB and tolC. The high soxS activity is attributable to a frameshift mutation that truncates SoxR, rendering it a constitutive transcriptional activator of soxS. Furthermore, microarray and reverse transcription-PCR analyses showed that mdtG (yceE), encoding a putative efflux pump, is overexpressed in the resistant strain. SoxS, MarA, and Rob activated an mdtG::lacZ fusion, and SoxS was shown to bind to the mdtG promoter, showing that mdtG is a member of the marA-soxS-rob regulon. The mdtG marbox sequence is in the backward or class I orientation within the promoter, and its disruption resulted in a loss of inducibility by MarA, SoxS, and Rob. Thus, chromosomal mutations in parC and soxR are responsible for the increased antibiotic resistance of NorE5.

  19. A process evaluation of a return-to-work intervention to improve Cooperation between Sick-listed employees and their Supervisors (COSS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoefsmit, Nicole; Boumans, Nicolle; Houkes, Inge; Nijhuis, Frans

    2016-11-22

    This is a process evaluation of an intervention to improve Cooperation regarding return-to-work (RTW) between sick-listed employees and their supervisors (COSS, which consists of a conversation roadmap, monitoring of cooperation using questionnaires and, if necessary, extra support by an occupational physician (OP). Objectives were to study (1) the adoption of COSS by a banking organization and (2) its implementation among individual employees, supervisors and OPs. We used quantitative data (online questionnaire, project administration, conversation minutes, emails) and qualitative data (semi-structured interviews). We analyzed quantitative data descriptively (by calculating sum scores, percentages, mean scores and standard deviations). The coding system to analyze the qualitative data was data-driven. The organization's representatives reported positively (e.g. fit with existing policy) and negatively (e.g. high intensity) about COSS. At least one OP (out of five) used the monitoring information. Project administration data show a modest reach of COSS among employees and supervisors. The roadmap was used by a minority (35% of the employees and 25% of the supervisors). Relatively many (40% of the employees and 100% of the supervisors who used COSS to evaluate conversations) were satisfied with COSS as a  tool to evaluate conversations with the employee/supervisor afterwards. Interview results indicate that the roadmap was considered useful in specific situations (e.g. psychological complaints). All employees and supervisors participated in the monitoring. The majority of the responding employees and supervisors received OP support and was satisfied about this support. Despite the good adoption of COSS by the organisation, it was only partially implemented by professionals, employees and supervisors. We hypothesize that our implementation approach did not fit completely with the culture at the bank. Also, the results illustrate the need for other intervention

  20. Sistema de posicionamiento robótico para captura de señales de ultrasonido en END por el método de inmersión

    OpenAIRE

    Escobar Arango, Christian C.; Miramag Martínez, Fredy F.; Restrepo Girón, Andrés David; Jiménez Gómez, John

    2012-01-01

    Las plataformas robóticas creadas para el posicionamiento de herramientas o de sensores constituyen sistemas eficaces para aplicar el control numérico a la automatización de tareas donde se requiere trasladar y ubicar con cierta precisión alguna acción determinada o desde donde se necesita adquirir algún tipo de variable física. En ese sentido, a lo largo de este artículo se describe la metodología desarrollada para el diseño e implementación de una plataforma mecatrónica para el posicionamie...

  1. Metodología de análisis de gestión de calidad en el Máster Universitario en Automática y Robótica

    OpenAIRE

    Pomares, Jorge; García Gómez, Gabriel Jesús; Jara Bravo, Carlos Alberto; Torres, Fernando; Candelas-Herías, Francisco A.; Puente Méndez, Santiago Timoteo; Gil, Pablo; Gil Chica, Francisco Javier

    2016-01-01

    En el presente artículo se describe la investigación docente desarrollada con el objetivo de llevar a cabo el seguimiento y aplicación, del sistema interno de garantía de calidad de la Escuela Politécnica Superior de la Universidad de Alicante, al Máster Universitario en Automática y Robótica. Esta investigación es fruto de una red docente en la que han participado todos los profesores con docencia en el Máster, y en la que han trabajado coordinadamente con el objetivo de recoger los principa...

  2. Técnicas não lineares de controle e filtragem aplicadas ao problema de rastreamento de trajetórias de robôs móveis com deslizamento longitudinal das rodas

    OpenAIRE

    Juliano Gonçalves Iossaqui

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: Esta tese trata do problema de controle de trajetórias de robôs móveis não holonômicos com deslizamento longitudinal das rodas. As estratégias de controle propostas são projetadas usando dois modelos, um cinemático e um dinâmico, que consideram os deslizamentos longitudinais das rodas como parâmetros desconhecidos. A primeira estratégia de controle consiste em um controlador adaptativo projetado com base em um modelo cinemático que utiliza como entrada de controle, as velocidades angu...

  3. Robótica educativa: una nueva metodología activa para fomentar la motivación, la creatividad y el aprendizaje significativo en la etapa de primaria

    OpenAIRE

    Ayuso Pecharroman, María Ángeles

    2016-01-01

    El trabajo se estructura en un marco teórico, seguido de un apartado metodológico fundamentado con el proyecto de investigación realizado durante el curso escolar 2015-2016 en diferentes centros educativos de Segovia. a través de esta muestra cualitativa y cuantitativa se realiza un análisis sobre las percepciones del alumnado entre el ámbito escolar y el ámbito extraescolar, utilizando como referente aeste último -la robótica educativa- para aplicarlo con metodologías activas, buscando el in...

  4. Descondensación de la heterocromatina en bovinos criollos portadores de la translocación robertsoniana (rob1; 29). acción del inductor 5–azacitidina–c

    OpenAIRE

    Artigas, Rody; Iriarte, Wanda; De Soto, Leticia; Iriarte, Andrés; Llambí, Silvia; De Betancourth, Miguel; Postiglioni, Alicia

    2008-01-01

    La translocación Robertsoniana (rob1; 29) está ampliamente distribuida en razas comerciales y en reservas genéticas de bovinos Criollos americanos. Se ha descrito un enlentecimiento en el desarrollo de embriones portadores de esta aneuploidía, frente a embriones normales. La acción de la 5–aza–C, como agente desmetilante, permitiría descondensar la heterocromatina constitutiva o facultativa. En este trabajo se realiza inducción con el análogo de base 5–aza–C(10mM, 2 hrs) en cultivos linfocita...

  5. A Primer on Employment and Intellectual Property Law: Legal Guidance for Supervisors of Assessment and Institutional Research Staff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, William; Lugg, Elizabeth Timmerman

    2017-01-01

    Institutional research (IR) leaders rely on staff members to accomplish office missions and support institutional decisions. Like any supervisors in higher education, IR leaders must be familiar with a host of employment and intellectual property laws that guide the institution/employee relationship. This chapter offers insights into specific…

  6. A Reinforcement Model of the Relationships of Supervisors' General Communication Styles and Conflict Management Styles to Task Attraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeless, Lawrence R.; Reichel, Lisa S.

    1990-01-01

    Investigates the relationship between general styles of communicating and more situation-specific conflict management styles. Finds substantial relationships between general communication styles and conflict management styles, as well as very substantial relationships between the style constructs and task attraction of supervisors. (SR)

  7. The effects of self-assessment and supervisor feedback on residents' patient-education competency using videoed outpatient consultations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wouda, Jan C.; van de Wiel, Harry B. M.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: To determine the effects of residents' communication self-assessment and supervisor feedback on residents' communication-competency awareness, on their patient-education competency, and on their patients' opinion. Methods: The program consisted of the implementation of a communication se

  8. Supervisors' On-Script Feedback Comments on Drafts of Dissertations: Socialising Students into the Academic Discourse Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basturkmen, Helen; East, Martin; Bitchener, John

    2014-01-01

    Supervising masters and doctoral dissertations is a key function of teaching in higher education and giving written feedback on draft sections is an essential component of this function. However, the specific types of response that supervisors give to their dissertation students' written work have received limited research interest to date.…

  9. Effects of Supervisor Performance Feedback on Increasing Preservice Teachers' Positive Communication Behaviors with Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathel, Jeanna Marie; Drasgow, Erik; Christle, Christine C.

    2008-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of supervisor performance feedback on preservice teachers' rates of positive and negative communication behaviors with students with emotional and behavioral disorders and the effects of the intervention on the preservice teachers' perceptions of classroom management and climate. The authors…

  10. The Relation between Feedback Perceptions and the Supervisor-Student Relationship in Master's Thesis Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Kleijn, Renske A. M.; Meijer, Paulien C.; Pilot, Albert; Brekelmans, Mieke

    2014-01-01

    Research supervision can be investigated from social-emotional and cognitive perspectives, but most studies include only one perspective. This study aims to understand the interplay between a social-emotional (supervisor-student relationship) and cognitive (feedback) perspective on the outcomes of master's thesis supervision in specific, by…

  11. VIEWPOINTS OF SUPERVISORS ABOUT THE PROCESS OF DISSERTATIONS FOR GENERAL MEDICINE PROGRAM SHAHID SADOUGHI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Ayatollahi

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: It is important to know the viewpoints of supervisors about different issues and problems in preparing dissertations (as a mandatory course in general medicine (MD program such as the objectives of the course, improving learning methods, problems of the practical phase, and their ideas about the course efficacy. This study explores supervisors’ views concerning the thesis process and its related problems in Shaheed Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences. Methods: In total 119 academic members as supervisors from medical school participated in this cross sectional descriptive study. A self administered questionnaire, which proved to be valid and reliable, was used for data collection. The questionnaires were completed individually in the participants’ office or school. SPSS software was used for data analysis. Results were analyzed according to the frequency distribution of variables and compared by t-test and ANOVA. Results: Of those 42.3% of supervisors believed that thesis is necessary for Medical students but according to the supervisors, the most important problems were access to statistical guide masters allocating appropriate budget, and suitable time's allocation for student's guidance. Conclusion: Our results showed that dissertations in general medicine program are facing some problems, and revising the course plane may improve the quality of dissertations.

  12. Food and Beverage Provision. Food and Beverage Management Module. Operational Management Programme. Increasing Opportunities for Supervisors and Managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Peter

    This self-instructional unit for supervisors and managers in the British hotel and catering industry is intended to consolidate work covered in a 1-day course. The unit covers the essential elements in the final stage of supplying food and drink--the point at which these items are served and sold to the customer. The document begins with an…

  13. Food and Beverage Management: An Introduction. Food and Beverage Management Module. Operational Management Programme. Increasing Opportunities for Supervisors and Managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Peter

    This self-instructional unit for supervisors and managers in the British hotel and catering industry is designed to prepare them for the more detailed units in this series, including those on food and beverage control, production, and provision. The document begins with advice on how to use the unit. Three sections cover the following topics: (1)…

  14. Food and Beverage Production. Food and Beverage Management Module. Operational Management Programme. Increasing Opportunities for Supervisors and Managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Peter

    This self-instructional unit for supervisors and managers in the British hotel and catering industry is intended to consolidate work covered in a 1-day course. The document begins with an introduction and advice on how to use the unit. The following topics are covered in the unit: (1) planning the menu; (2) food production systems; (3) kitchen…

  15. Food and Beverage Control. Food and Beverage Management Module. Operational Management Programme. Increasing Opportunities for Supervisors and Managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Peter

    This self-instructional unit for supervisors and managers in the British hotel and catering industry is intended to consolidate work covered in a 1-day course. The unit covers the key management functions needed to implement an effective purchasing and supply policy. The document begins with an introduction and advice on how to use the unit. The…

  16. Supervisors' On-Script Feedback Comments on Drafts of Dissertations: Socialising Students into the Academic Discourse Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basturkmen, Helen; East, Martin; Bitchener, John

    2014-01-01

    Supervising masters and doctoral dissertations is a key function of teaching in higher education and giving written feedback on draft sections is an essential component of this function. However, the specific types of response that supervisors give to their dissertation students' written work have received limited research interest to date. The…

  17. Cooperative or Competitive? Private Regulators and Public Supervisors in the Post-Crisis European Financial Services Landscape

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cherednychenko, Olha O.

    This article explores the interplay between private regulators and public supervisors within principles-based regulation and meta-regulation in the post-crisis European retail financial services landscape. It shows that the way in which the compliance with such regulatory frameworks is supervised

  18. Leadership in the clinical workplace : what residents report to observe and supervisors report to display: an exploratory questionnaire study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Wal, Martha A.; Scheele, Fedde; Schonrock-Adema, Johanna; Jaarsma, A. Debbie C.; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke

    2015-01-01

    Background: Within the current health care system, leadership is considered important for physicians. leadership is mostly self-taught, through observing and practicing. Does the practice environment offer residents enough opportunities to observe the supervisor leadership behaviours they have to le

  19. The Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction on the Relationship between Teachers' Perceptions of Supervisor Support and Job Performances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzun, Tevfik; Ozdem, Güven

    2017-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between teachers' perceptions of supervisor support and job performances and the mediating role of job satisfaction in this relationship. The study group consists of 206 teachers working in the public high schools in the Giresun province centre during the 2016-2017 academic year. The…

  20. Foreign-Born Therapists: How Acculturation and Supervisors' Multicultural Competence Are Associated with Clinical Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kissil, Karni; Davey, Maureen; Davey, Adam

    2015-01-01

    The authors examined the associations between acculturation, supervisors' multicultural competence, and clinicians' self-efficacy in a sample of 153 immigrant therapists currently practicing in the United States. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire and 3 additional questionnaires that examined their levels of…