Supersymmetric SO(10) models inspired by deconstruction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Huang Chaoshang; Jiang Jing; Li Tianjun
2004-01-01
We consider 4-dimensional N=1 supersymmetric SO(10) models inspired by deconstruction of 5-dimensional N=1 supersymmetric orbifold SO(10) models and high-dimensional non-supersymmetric SO(10) models with Wilson line gauge symmetry breaking. We discuss the SO(10)xSO(10) models with bi-fundamental link fields where the gauge symmetry can be broken down to the Pati-Salam, SU(5)xU(1), flipped SU(5)xU(1)' or the Standard Model like gauge symmetry. We also propose an SO(10)xSO(6)xSO(4) model with bi-fundamental link fields where the gauge symmetry is broken down to the Pati-Salam gauge symmetry, and an SO(10)xSO(10) model with bi-spinor link fields where the gauge symmetry is broken down to the flipped SU(5)xU(1)' gauge symmetry. In these two models, the Pati-Salam and flipped SU(5)xU(1)' gauge symmetry can be further broken down to the Standard Model gauge symmetry, the doublet-triplet splittings can be obtained by the missing partner mechanism, and the proton decay problem can be solved. We also study the gauge coupling unification. We briefly comment on the interesting variation models with gauge groups SO(10)xSO(6) and SO(10)xflippedSU(5)xU(1)' in which the proton decay problem can be solved
Examining a renormalizable supersymmetric SO(10) model
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Chen, Zhi-Yong; Zhang, Da-Xin [Peking University, School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Beijing (China)
2017-10-15
We examine a renormalizable SUSY SO(10) model without fine-tuning. We show how to construct MSSM doublets and to predict proton decay. We find that in the minimal set of Yukawa couplings the model is consistent with the experiments, while including 120{sub H} to fit the data there are inconsistencies. (orig.)
Gauge hierarchy in an SO(10) supersymmetric grand unified model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhiyong, Z.
1982-01-01
An SO(10) supersymmetric grand unified model is constructed in which the gauge hierarchy problem may be solved. Using Higgs superfields belonging to the SO(10) representations 16, 10 and 54, it is found that if SO(10) is broken down to SU(3)sub(c)xSU(2)sub(L)xU(1) via SO(6)xSO(4)approximately equal to SU(4)sub(c)xSU(2)sub(L)xSU(2)sub(R) at unification mass scales without supersymmetry breaking, the gauge hierarchy puzzle might be carried away. It is also shown that the colour-triplet Higgs, which mediates proton decay, is superheavy by an incredibly accurate, but 'natural' adjustment of parameters in the potential. (author)
Probes of Yukawa unification in supersymmetric SO(10) models
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Westhoff, Susanne
2009-10-23
This work is composed as follows: In Chapter 1, the disposed reader is made familiar with the foundations of flavourphysics and Grand Unification, including group-theoretical aspects of SO(10). In Chapter 2, we introduce a specific supersymmetric GUT model based on SO(10) and designed to probe down-quark-lepton Yukawa unification. Within this framework we explore the effects of large atmospheric neutrino mixing in bottom-strange transitions on the mass difference and CP phase in B{sub s}- anti B{sub s} meson mixing. Chapter 3 is devoted to corrections to Yukawa unification. We derive constraints on Yukawa corrections for light fermions from K- anti K and B{sub d}- anti B {sub d} mixing. As an application we study implications of neutrino mixing effects in CP-violating K and B{sub d} observables on the unitrity triangle. Finally, in Chapter 4, we discuss effects of large tan {beta} in B{yields}(D){tau}{nu} decays with respect to their potential to discover charged Higgs bosons and to discriminate between different GUT models of flavour.
Phenomenological analysis of supersymmetric σ-models on coset spaces SO(10)/U(5) and E6/[SO(10)xU(1)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nyawelo, T.S.
2004-12-01
We discuss some phenomenological aspects of gauged supersymmetric σ-models on homogeneous coset-spaces E 6 /[SO(10)xU(1)] and SO(10)/U(5) which are some of the most interesting for phenomenology. We investigate in detail the vacuum configurations of these models, and study the resulting consequences for supersymmetry breaking and breaking of the internal symmetry. Some supersymmetric minima for both models with gauged full isometry groups E 6 and SO(10) are physically problematic as the Kaehler metric becomes singular ad hence the kinetic terms of the Goldstone boson multiplets vanish. This leads us to introduce recently proposed soft supersymmetry-breaking mass terms which displace the minimum away from the singulax point. A non-singular Kaehler metric breaks the linear subgroup SO(10)xU(1) of the E 6 model spontaneously. The particle spectrum of all these different models is computed. (author)
Renormalization group running of fermion observables in an extended non-supersymmetric SO(10) model
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Meloni, Davide [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Università di Roma Tre,Via della Vasca Navale 84, 00146 Rome (Italy); Ohlsson, Tommy; Riad, Stella [Department of Physics, School of Engineering Sciences,KTH Royal Institute of Technology - AlbaNova University Center,Roslagstullsbacken 21, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)
2017-03-08
We investigate the renormalization group evolution of fermion masses, mixings and quartic scalar Higgs self-couplings in an extended non-supersymmetric SO(10) model, where the Higgs sector contains the 10{sub H}, 120{sub H}, and 126{sub H} representations. The group SO(10) is spontaneously broken at the GUT scale to the Pati-Salam group and subsequently to the Standard Model (SM) at an intermediate scale M{sub I}. We explicitly take into account the effects of the change of gauge groups in the evolution. In particular, we derive the renormalization group equations for the different Yukawa couplings. We find that the computed physical fermion observables can be successfully matched to the experimental measured values at the electroweak scale. Using the same Yukawa couplings at the GUT scale, the measured values of the fermion observables cannot be reproduced with a SM-like evolution, leading to differences in the numerical values up to around 80%. Furthermore, a similar evolution can be performed for a minimal SO(10) model, where the Higgs sector consists of the 10{sub H} and 126{sub H} representations only, showing an equally good potential to describe the low-energy fermion observables. Finally, for both the extended and the minimal SO(10) models, we present predictions for the three Dirac and Majorana CP-violating phases as well as three effective neutrino mass parameters.
A non Supersymmetric SO(10) Grand Unified Model for All the Physics below $M_{GUT}$
Altarelli, Guido
2013-01-01
We present a renormalizable non supersymmetric Grand Unified SO(10) model which, at the price of a large fine tuning, is compatible with all compelling phenomenological requirements below the unification scale and thus realizes a minimal extension of the SM, unified in SO(10) and describing all known physics below $M_{GUT}$. These requirements include coupling unification at a large enough scale to be compatible with the bounds on proton decay; a Yukawa sector in agreement with all the data on quark and lepton masses and mixings and with leptogenesis as the origin of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe; an axion arising from the Higgs sector of the model, suitable to solve the strong CP problem and to account for the observed amount of Dark Matter. The above constraints imposed by the data are very stringent and single out a particular breaking chain with the Pati-Salam group at an intermediate scale $M_I\\sim10^{11}$ GeV.
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Maekawa, Nobuhiro; Yamashita, Toshifumi
2003-08-14
This Letter demonstrates that, as in flipped SU(5) models, doublet-triplet splitting is accomplished by a missing partner mechanism in flipped SO(10) models. The gauge group SO(10){sub F}xU(1){sub V'{sub F}} includes SU(2){sub E} gauge symmetry, which plays an important role in solving the supersymmetric (SUSY) flavor problem by introducing non-abelian horizontal gauge symmetry and anomalous U(1){sub A} gauge symmetry. The gauge group can be broken into the standard model gauge group by VEVs of only spinor fields; such models may be easier to derive than E{sub 6} models from superstring theory.
N-anti N oscillation in SO(10) and SU(6) supersymmetric grand unified models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fujimoto, Y.; Zhiyong, Z.
1982-06-01
N-anti N oscillation in SO(10) and SU(6) S.G.U.M. is considered. We find a new type of diagram leading to a faster oscillation rate than in non-supersymmetric case. It is also noted that in SO(10) S.G.U.M. with intermediate SU(4)sub(C)xSU(2)sub(L)xSU(2)sub(R) symmetry N-anti N oscillation would be highly suppressed, which may not necessarily be the case for SU(6) S.G.U.M. (author)
Two-loop renormalization group analysis of supersymmetric SO(10) models with an intermediate scale
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bastero-Gil, M.; Brahmachari, B.
1996-03-01
Two-loop evolutions of the gauge couplings in a class of intermediate scale supersymmetric SO(10) models including the effect of third generation Yukawa couplings are studied. The unification scale, the intermediate scale and the value of the unification gauge coupling in these models are calculated and the gauge boson mediated proton decay rates are estimated. In some cases the predicted proton lifetime turns out to be in the border-line of experimental limit. The predictions of the top quark mass, the mass ratio m b (m b )/m τ (m τ ) from the two-loop evolution of Yukawa couplings and the mass of the left handed neutrino via see-saw mechanism are summarized. The lower bounds on the ratio of the VEVs of the two low energy doublets (tan β) from the requirement of the perturbative unitarity of the top quark Yukawa coupling up to the grand unification scale are also presented. All the predictions have been compared with those of the one-step unified theory. (author). 33 refs, 5 figs, 1 tab
SO(10) supersymmetric grand unified theories
Dermisek, Radovan
The origin of the fermion mass hierarchy is one of the most challenging problems in elementary particle physics. In the standard model fermion masses and mixing angles are free parameters. Supersymmetric grand unified theories provide a beautiful framework for physics beyond the standard model. In addition to gauge coupling unification these theories provide relations between quark and lepton masses within families, and with additional family symmetry the hierarchy between families can be generated. We present a predictive SO(10) supersymmetric grand unified model with D 3 x U(1) family symmetry. The hierarchy in fermion masses is generated by the family symmetry breaking D 3 x U(1) → ZN → nothing. This model fits the low energy data in the charged fermion sector quite well. We discuss the prediction of this model for the proton lifetime in light of recent SuperKamiokande results and present a clear picture of the allowed spectra of supersymmetric particles. Finally, the detailed discussion of the Yukawa coupling unification of the third generation particles is provided. We find a narrow region is consistent with t, b, tau Yukawa unification for mu > 0 (suggested by b → sgamma and the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon) with A0 ˜ -1.9m16, m10 ˜ 1.4m16, m16 ≳ 1200 GeV and mu, M1/2 ˜ 100--500 GeV. Demanding Yukawa unification thus makes definite predictions for Higgs and sparticle masses.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lucas, V.; Raby, S.
1996-01-01
We show that one-loop GUT scale threshold corrections to gauge couplings are a significant constraint on the GUT symmetry-breaking sector of the theory. The one-loop threshold corrections relate the prediction for α s (M Z ) to the proton lifetime. We have calculated these corrections in a new complete SO(10) SUSY GUT. The results are consistent with the low-energy measurement of α s (M Z ). We have also calculated the proton lifetime and branching ratios in this model. We show that proton decay rates provide a powerful test for theories of fermion masses. copyright 1996 The American Physical Society
Two Higgs doublets in SO(10) model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Asatryan, G.M.
1989-01-01
An SO(10) grand unification model is suggested with two light Higgs doublets, whose vacuum expectation values are connected with the SU(2) L xU(1) Y electroweak group breaking. Taking into account the naturality condition associated with absence of flavor changing neutral currents, a certain form of the quark mass matrices. As a result, the proton lifetime in the SO(10) model turns to be strongly restrained
Squark and slepton masses as probes of supersymmetric SO(10) unification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Balasubramanian Ananthanarayan; P. N. Pandita
2003-09-01
We carry out a detailed analysis of the non-universal supersymmetry breaking scalar masses arising in SO(10) supersymmetric unification. By considering patterns of squark and slepton masses, we show that a set of sum rules for the sfermion masses is independent of the manner in which SO(10) breaks. We discuss the reasons for this remarkable result. The phenomenology arising from such non-universality is shown to be practically unaffected by the symmetry breaking pattern.
String flipped SO(10) model from Z4 orbifold
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sato, H.; Shimojo, M.
1993-01-01
We search all possible string grand-unified-theory models obtained from heterotic superstrings compactified on a Z 4 orbifold with one Wilson line. It is shown that there is an essentially unique anomaly-free flipped SO(10) model with three generations plus one mirror conjugate generation of matter fields. We derive effective Yukawa interactions and examine the structure of mass matrices as well as a possible scenario of string coupling unification. The four-generation Z 4 orbifold model is a phenomenologically viable model beyond the minimal supersymmetric standard one
A supersymmetric grand unified theory of flavour with PSL2(7)xSO(10)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
King, Stephen F.; Luhn, Christoph
2010-01-01
We construct a realistic Supersymmetric Grand Unified Theory of Flavour based on PSL 2 (7)xSO(10), where the quarks and leptons in the 16 of SO(10) are assigned to the complex triplet representation of PSL 2 (7), while the flavons are assigned to a combination of sextets and anti-triplets of PSL 2 (7). Using a D-term vacuum alignment mechanism, we require the flavon sextets of PSL 2 (7) to be aligned along the 3-3 direction leading to the third family Yukawa couplings, while the flavon anti-triplets describe the remaining Yukawa couplings. Other sextets are aligned along the neutrino flavour symmetry preserving directions leading to tri-bimaximal neutrino mixing via a type II see-saw mechanism, with predictions for neutrinoless double beta decay and cosmology.
Superstring-inspired SO(10) GUT model with intermediate scale
Sasaki, Ken
1987-12-01
A new mechanism is proposed for the mixing of Weinberg-Salam Higgs fields in superstring-inspired SO(10) models with no SO(10) singlet fields. The higher-dimensional terms in the superpotential can generate both Higgs field mixing and a small mass for the physical neutrino. I would like to thank Professor C. Iso for hospitality extended to me at the Tokyo Institute of Technology.
Cosmological implications of a class of SO(10) models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mangano, G.; Rosa, L.
1996-01-01
The cosmological implications of a class of SO(10) models are discussed. In particular we show how a good prediction for neutrino masses is obtained in order to fit with the MSW mechanism to explain the solar neutrino flux deficit and with the predicted amount of the dark matter hot component. A possible scenario for baryogenesis is also considered. (orig.)
String flipped SO(10) model from [ital Z][sub 4] orbifold
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Sato, H. (Department of Physics, Hyogo University of Education, Yashiro-cho, Hyogo 673-14 (Japan)); Shimojo, M. (Department of Electronics and Information Engineering, Fukui National College of Technology, Sabae, Fukui 916 (Japan))
1993-12-15
We search all possible string grand-unified-theory models obtained from heterotic superstrings compactified on a [ital Z][sub 4] orbifold with one Wilson line. It is shown that there is an essentially unique anomaly-free flipped SO(10) model with three generations plus one mirror conjugate generation of matter fields. We derive effective Yukawa interactions and examine the structure of mass matrices as well as a possible scenario of string coupling unification. The four-generation [ital Z][sub 4] orbifold model is a phenomenologically viable model beyond the minimal supersymmetric standard one.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bagger, J.A.
1984-09-01
We begin to construct the most general supersymmetric Lagrangians in one, two and four dimensions. We find that the matter couplings have a natural interpretation in the language of the nonlinear sigma model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagger, J.A.
1984-09-01
We begin to construct the most general supersymmetric Lagrangians in one, two and four dimensions. We find that the matter couplings have a natural interpretation in the language of the nonlinear sigma model.
A realistic pattern of fermion masses from a five-dimensional SO(10) model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Feruglio, Ferruccio; Patel, Ketan M.; Vicino, Denise
2015-01-01
We provide a unified description of fermion masses and mixing angles in the framework of a supersymmetric grand unified SO(10) model with anarchic Yukawa couplings of order unity. The space-time is five dimensional and the extra flat spatial dimension is compactified on the orbifold S 1 /(Z 2 ×Z 2 ′ ), leading to Pati-Salam gauge symmetry on the boundary where Yukawa interactions are localised. The gauge symmetry breaking is completed by means of a rather economic scalar sector, avoiding the doublet-triplet splitting problem. The matter fields live in the bulk and their massless modes get exponential profiles, which naturally explain the mass hierarchy of the different fermion generations. Quarks and leptons properties are naturally reproduced by a mechanism, first proposed by Kitano and Li, that lifts the SO(10) degeneracy of bulk masses in terms of a single parameter. The model provides a realistic pattern of fermion masses and mixing angles for large values of tan β. It favours normally ordered neutrino mass spectrum with the lightest neutrino mass below 0.01 eV and no preference for leptonic CP violating phases. The right handed neutrino mass spectrum is very hierarchical and does not allow for thermal leptogenesis. We analyse several variants of the basic framework and find that the results concerning the fermion spectrum are remarkably stable.
Supersymmetric models without R parity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ross, G.G.; Valle, J.W.F.
1985-01-01
We show that many supersymmetric models may spontaneously break R parity through scalar neutrinos acquiring a vacuum expectation value (vev). These models allow supersymmetric particles to be produced singly and to decay to nonsupersymmetric states. This leads to a new pattern of supersymmetric phenomenology. We discuss the lepton number violation to be expected in this class of models. (orig.)
A flipped SO(10) model from Z{sub 6}-I orbifold
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Shimojo, Masafumi [Fukui National Coll. of Technology, Sabae (Japan)
1994-08-01
We look for flipped SO(10) and flipped SU(5) models obtained from heterotic superstrings compactified on Z{sub 6}-I orbifold with one Wilson line. We obtain twelve/fifteen independent Wilson lines which give SO(10)/SU(5) models. While we cannot construct an SU(5) model whose sum of X-charge vanishes, we find only one chiral and modular anomaly-free spectrum with three generations of sixteen dimensional representations of SU(10) which may be matter fields. For the SO(10) model, we derive effective Yukawa couplings and examine the structure of mass matrices. We also comment on the breaking mechanism of the gauge group SO(10).
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gudnason, Sven Bjarke; Nitta, Muneto; Sasaki, Shin
2016-01-01
Construction of a supersymmetric extension of the Skyrme term was a long-standing problem because of the auxiliary field problem; that is, the auxiliary field may propagate and cannot be eliminated, and the problem of having fourth-order time derivative terms. In this paper, we construct for the first time a supersymmetric extension of the Skyrme term in four spacetime dimensions, in the manifestly supersymmetric superfield formalism that does not suffer from the auxiliary field problem. Chiral symmetry breaking in supersymmetric theories results not only in Nambu-Goldstone (NG) bosons (pions) but also in the same number of quasi-NG bosons so that the low-energy theory is described by an SL(N,ℂ)-valued matrix field instead of SU(N) for NG bosons. The solution of auxiliary fields is trivial on the canonical branch of the auxiliary field equation, in which case our model results in a fourth-order derivative term that is not the Skyrme term. For the case of SL(2,ℂ), we find explicitly a nontrivial solution to the algebraic auxiliary field equations that we call a non-canonical branch, which when substituted back into the Lagrangian gives a Skyrme-like model. If we restrict to a submanifold, where quasi-NG bosons are turned off, which is tantamount to restricting the Skyrme field to SU(2), then the fourth-order derivative term reduces exactly to the standard Skyrme term. Our model is the first example of a nontrivial auxiliary field solution in a multi-component model.
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Tamvakis, K.
1988-01-28
We construct an N=1 supersymmetric SO(10) GUT broken down to SU(3)c x SU(2)/sub L/ x U(1)/sub ..gamma../ with an intermediate flipped SU(5) x U(1)/sub chi/ gauge symmetry. A solution to the triplet-doublet mass-splitting problem is proposed in terms of a non-minimal missing-partner mechanism.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gu, Pei-Hong
2014-01-01
We propose an SO(10) × SO(10)' model to simultaneously realize a seesaw for Dirac neutrino masses and a leptogenesis for ordinary and dark matter-antimatter asymmetries. A (16 × 1-bar 6-bar ') H scalar crossing the SO(10) and SO(10)' sectors plays an essential role in this seesaw-leptogenesis scenario. As a result of lepton number conservation, the lightest dark nucleon as the dark matter particle should have a determined mass around 15 GeV to explain the comparable fractions of ordinary and dark matter in the present universe. The (16 × 1-bar 6-bar ') H scalar also mediates a U(1) em × U(1)' em kinetic mixing after the ordinary and dark left-right symmetry breaking so that we can expect a dark nucleon scattering in direct detection experiments and/or a dark nucleon decay in indirect detection experiments. Furthermore, we can impose a softly broken mirror symmetry to simplify the parameter choice
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Gu, Pei-Hong, E-mail: peihong.gu@sjtu.edu.cn [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China)
2014-12-01
We propose an SO(10) × SO(10)' model to simultaneously realize a seesaw for Dirac neutrino masses and a leptogenesis for ordinary and dark matter-antimatter asymmetries. A (16 × 1-bar 6-bar '){sub H} scalar crossing the SO(10) and SO(10)' sectors plays an essential role in this seesaw-leptogenesis scenario. As a result of lepton number conservation, the lightest dark nucleon as the dark matter particle should have a determined mass around 15 GeV to explain the comparable fractions of ordinary and dark matter in the present universe. The (16 × 1-bar 6-bar '){sub H} scalar also mediates a U(1){sub em} × U(1)'{sub em} kinetic mixing after the ordinary and dark left-right symmetry breaking so that we can expect a dark nucleon scattering in direct detection experiments and/or a dark nucleon decay in indirect detection experiments. Furthermore, we can impose a softly broken mirror symmetry to simplify the parameter choice.
Supersymmetric models and their phenomenology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ross, G.G.
1995-01-01
The prospects for unification of the Standard Model are considered and the need for supersymmetry discussed. The prediction of the gauge couplings, the electroweak breaking scale, the fermion masses and the dark matter abundance are all consistent with simple unification if there is a stage of supersymmetric unification below the TeV scale. The prospects for discovery of the new SUSY states is considered, both in the minimal supersymmetric standard model and in non-minimal extensions. (author)
Starobinsky-like inflation and neutrino masses in a no-scale SO(10) model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, John [Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group,Department of Physics, King’s College London, WC2R 2LS London (United Kingdom); Theoretical Physics Department, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Garcia, Marcos A.G. [Physics and Astronomy Department, Rice University,6100 Main Street, Houston, TX 77005 (United States); Nagata, Natsumi [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo,Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Nanopoulos, Dimitri V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy,Texas A& M University, College Station, 77843 Texas (United States); Olive, Keith A. [William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota,116 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)
2016-11-08
Using a no-scale supergravity framework, we construct an SO(10) model that makes predictions for cosmic microwave background observables similar to those of the Starobinsky model of inflation, and incorporates a double-seesaw model for neutrino masses consistent with oscillation experiments and late-time cosmology. We pay particular attention to the behaviour of the scalar fields during inflation and the subsequent reheating.
Starobinsky-Like Inflation and Neutrino Masses in a No-Scale SO(10) Model
Ellis, John
2016-11-08
Using a no-scale supergravity framework, we construct an SO(10) model that makes predictions for cosmic microwave background observables similar to those of the Starobinsky model of inflation, and incorporates a double-seesaw model for neutrino masses consistent with oscillation experiments and late-time cosmology. We pay particular attention to the behaviour of the scalar fields during inflation and the subsequent reheating.
Ten dimensional SO(10) G.U.T. models with dynamical symmetry breaking
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hanlon, B.E.; Joshi, G.C.
1993-01-01
To date, considerations on SO (10) models within Coset Space Dimensional Reduction (CSDR) have been diagonalized to the standard model or rely upon imaginative applications of Wilson lines so as to avoid the problem of the nonexistence of an intermediate Higgs mechanism. However, there is an alternative approach involving four fermion condensates, breaking symmetries by a dynamical mechanism. Indeed, dynamical symmetry breaking has been the direction taken in some SU(5) models within this framework in order to avoid the problems of electroweak symmetry breaking at the compactification scale. This paper presents realistic models which utilize this mechanism. It is shown that the appropriate fermionic representations can emerge from CSDR and the construction of such condensates within the constraints of this scheme is presented. By introducing discrete symmetries onto the internal manifold a strong breaking of the SO(10) G.U.T. is produced and, more importantly, eliminate Higgs fields of geometrical origin. 31 refs
Neutrino masses in an SO(10) model with an intermediate stage of symmetry breaking
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Svetovoi, V.B.
1982-01-01
The effect on neutrino masses of an intermediate stage in symmetry breaking different from SU(5) is investigated in detail for the SO(10) model. There are two possibilities depending on the contents of the Higgs sector: i) m/sub ν/approx.m/sub f/(M/sub W//M 1 ); ii) m/sub ν/approx.m/sub f/(M/sub W//M 1 )(M/M 1 ), where M, M 1 and M/sub W/ are the scales of the breaking of the original SO(10) symmetry, the intermediate symmetry, and the standard SU/sub c/(3) x SU/sub L/(2) x U(1) symmetry, respectively, and m/sub f/ is a typical fermion mass. It is shown that a Majorana mass of the right-handed-neutrino (ν/sub R/) of a purely loop origin would result in too large a mass of the usual neutrinos, so a tree-graph contribution to the mass of ν/sub R/ is necessary. Numerical estimates for the neutrino masses are discussed
Spontaneous baryogenesis in supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abel, S.A.; Cottingham, W.N.; Whittingham, I.B.
1993-01-01
In this paper we extent the results of previous work on spontaneous baryogenesis to general models involving charge-parity (CP) violation in the Higgs sector. We show how to deal with Chern-Simons terms appearing in the effective potential arising from phase changes in the vacuum expectation values of the Higgs fields. In particular, this enables us to apply this mechanism to general supersymmetric models including the minimal supersymmetric standard model, and the extended model with a gauge singlet. A comparison is made between this approach, and that in which one solves the equations of motion for Higgs winding modes. As anticipated in earlier work, the effect of the latter approach is found to be small. (Author)
Fermion number in supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mainland, G.B.; Tanaka, K.
1975-01-01
The two known methods for introducing a conserved fermion number into supersymmetric models are discussed. While the introduction of a conserved fermion number often requires that the Lagrangian be massless or that bosons carry fermion number, a model is discussed in which masses can be introduced via spontaneous symmetry breaking and fermion number is conserved at all stages without assigning fermion number to bosons. (U.S.)
Supersymmetric models with light higgsinos
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bruemmer, F.
2012-05-01
In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, the higgsinos can have masses around the electroweak scale, while the other supersymmetric particles have TeV-scale masses. This happens in models of gauge-mediated SUSY breaking with a high messenger scale, which are motivated from string theory. For particular choices of the messenger eld content, multi-TeV squark and gluino masses naturally lead to a much lower electroweak scale, somewhat similar to focus point supersymmetry. They also induce Higgs masses of 124-126 GeV, while making the discovery of supersymmetry at the LHC unlikely. The light higgsinos will be di cult to see at the LHC but may eventually be discovered at a linear collider.
Neutrino masses in the SO(10) model with intermediate stage of the symmetry breaking
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Svetovoj, V.B.
1982-01-01
An effect for the neutrino masses of an intermediate stage in the symmetry spontaneous breaking, different from SU(5), is investigated in some detail for the SO(1O) model. There are two possibilities depending on the composition of the Higgs sector: i) msub(ν) approximately msub(f)(Msub(W)/Msub(1)); ii) msub(ν) approximately msub(f)sub(b)/Msub(1))(M/Msub(1)), where M, M 1 and Msub) are the scales of the breaking of the original SO(10) simmetry, the intermediate symmetry, and the standard SUsub(c)(3)xSUsub(L)(2)xU(1) symmetry, respectively, and msub(f) is a typical fermion mass. It as shown that a Majorana mass of the right neutrino (νsub(R)) of a purely loop origin would result in a too large mass of the usual neutrinos, so a tree-graph contribution to the mass of νsub(R) is necessary. Numerical estimates for the neutrino masses are discussed [ru
Mixing of ν/sub e/ and ν/sub μ/ in SO(10) models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Milton, K.; Nandi, S.; Tanaka, K.
1982-01-01
We found previously in SO(10) grand unified theories that if the neutrinos have a Dirac mass and a right-handed Majorana mass (approx.10 15 GeV) but no left-handed Majorana mass, there is small ν/sub e/ mixing but ν/sub μ/-ν/sub tau/ mixing can be substantial. We reexamine this problem on the basis of a formalism that assumes that the up, down, lepton, and neutrino mass matrices arise from a single complex 10 and a single 126 Higgs boson. This formalism determines the Majorana mass matrix in terms of quark mass matrices. Adopting three different sets of quark mass matrices that produce acceptable fermion mass ratios and Cabbibo mixing, we obtain results consistent with the above; however, in the optimum case, ν/sub e/-ν/sub μ/ mixing can be of the order of the Cabbibo angle. In an extension of this model wherein the Witten mechanism generates the Majorana mass, we illustrate quantitatively how the parameter characterizing the Majorana sector must be tuned in order to achieve large ν/sub e/-ν/sub μ/ mixing
Supersymmetric standard model from the heterotic string (II)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Buchmueller, W.; Hamaguchi, K.; Tokyo Univ.; Lebedev, O.; Ratz, M.
2006-06-01
We describe in detail a Z 6 orbifold compactification of the heterotic E 8 x E 8 string which leads to the (supersymmetric) standard model gauge group and matter content. The quarks and leptons appear as three 16-plets of SO(10), two of which are localized at fixed points with local SO(10) symmetry. The model has supersymmetric vacua without exotics at low energies and is consistent with gauge coupling unification. Supersymmetry can be broken via gaugino condensation in the hidden sector. The model has large vacuum degeneracy. Certain vacua with approximate B-L symmetry have attractive phenomenological features. The top quark Yukawa coupling arises from gauge interactions and is of the order of the gauge couplings. The other Yukawa couplings are suppressed by powers of standard model singlet fields, similarly to the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism. (Orig.)
Electroweak breaking in supersymmetric models
Ibáñez, L E
1992-01-01
We discuss the mechanism for electroweak symmetry breaking in supersymmetric versions of the standard model. After briefly reviewing the possible sources of supersymmetry breaking, we show how the required pattern of symmetry breaking can automatically result from the structure of quantum corrections in the theory. We demonstrate that this radiative breaking mechanism works well for a heavy top quark and can be combined in unified versions of the theory with excellent predictions for the running couplings of the model. (To be published in ``Perspectives in Higgs Physics'', G. Kane editor.)
Supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric models without catastrophic Goldstone bosons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Braathen, Johannes; Goodsell, Mark D. [LPTHE, UPMC Univ. Paris 6, Sorbonne Universites, Paris (France); LPTHE, CNRS, Paris (France); Staub, Florian [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITP), Karlsruhe (Germany); Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Nuclear Physics (IKP), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)
2017-11-15
The calculation of the Higgs mass in general renormalisable field theories has been plagued by the so-called ''Goldstone Boson Catastrophe'', where light (would-be) Goldstone bosons give infra-red divergent loop integrals. In supersymmetric models, previous approaches included a workaround that ameliorated the problem for most, but not all, parameter space regions; while giving divergent results everywhere for non-supersymmetric models. We present an implementation of a general solution to the problem in the public code SARAH, along with new calculations of some necessary loop integrals and generic expressions. We discuss the validation of our code in the Standard Model, where we find remarkable agreement with the known results. We then show new applications in Split SUSY, the NMSSM, the Two-Higgs-Doublet Model, and the Georgi-Machacek model. In particular, we take some first steps to exploring where the habit of using tree-level mass relations in non-supersymmetric models breaks down, and show that the loop corrections usually become very large well before naive perturbativity bounds are reached. (orig.)
Impact of the muon anomalous magnetic moment on supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baer, Howard; Balazs, Csaba; Ferrandis, Javier; Tata, Xerxes
2001-01-01
The recent measurement of a μ =(g μ -2)/2 by the E821 Collaboration at Brookhaven deviates from the quoted standard model (SM) central value prediction by 2.6σ. The difference between SM theory and experiment may be easily accounted for in a variety of particle physics models employing weak scale supersymmetry (SUSY). Other supersymmetric models are distinctly disfavored. We evaluate a μ for various supersymmetric models, including minimal supergravity, Yukawa unified SO(10) SUSY GUT's, models with inverted mass hierarchies, models with nonuniversal gaugino masses, gauge mediated SUSY breaking models, anomaly-mediated SUSY breaking models and models with gaugino mediated SUSY breaking. Models with Yukawa coupling unification or multi-TeV first and second generation scalars are disfavored by the a μ measurement
Patterns of flavor signals in supersymmetric models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Goto, T. [KEK National High Energy Physics, Tsukuba (Japan)]|[Kyoto Univ. (Japan). YITP; Okada, Y. [KEK National High Energy Physics, Tsukuba (Japan)]|[Graduate Univ. for Advanced Studies, Tsukuba (Japan). Dept. of Particle and Nucelar Physics; Shindou, T. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste (Italy); Tanaka, M. [Osaka Univ., Toyonaka (Japan). Dept. of Physics
2007-11-15
Quark and lepton flavor signals are studied in four supersymmetric models, namely the minimal supergravity model, the minimal supersymmetric standard model with right-handed neutrinos, SU(5) supersymmetric grand unified theory with right-handed neutrinos and the minimal supersymmetric standard model with U(2) flavor symmetry. We calculate b{yields}s(d) transition observables in B{sub d} and B{sub s} decays, taking the constraint from the B{sub s}- anti B{sub s} mixing recently observed at Tevatron into account. We also calculate lepton flavor violating processes {mu} {yields} e{gamma}, {tau} {yields} {mu}{gamma} and {tau} {yields} e{gamma} for the models with right-handed neutrinos. We investigate possibilities to distinguish the flavor structure of the supersymmetry breaking sector with use of patterns of various flavor signals which are expected to be measured in experiments such as MEG, LHCb and a future Super B Factory. (orig.)
Patterns of flavor signals in supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Goto, T.; Tanaka, M.
2007-11-01
Quark and lepton flavor signals are studied in four supersymmetric models, namely the minimal supergravity model, the minimal supersymmetric standard model with right-handed neutrinos, SU(5) supersymmetric grand unified theory with right-handed neutrinos and the minimal supersymmetric standard model with U(2) flavor symmetry. We calculate b→s(d) transition observables in B d and B s decays, taking the constraint from the B s - anti B s mixing recently observed at Tevatron into account. We also calculate lepton flavor violating processes μ → eγ, τ → μγ and τ → eγ for the models with right-handed neutrinos. We investigate possibilities to distinguish the flavor structure of the supersymmetry breaking sector with use of patterns of various flavor signals which are expected to be measured in experiments such as MEG, LHCb and a future Super B Factory. (orig.)
Non-supersymmetric orientifolds of Gepner models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gato-Rivera, B. [NIKHEF Theory Group, Kruislaan 409, 1098 SJ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, CSIC, Serrano 123, Madrid 28006 (Spain); Schellekens, A.N. [NIKHEF Theory Group, Kruislaan 409, 1098 SJ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, CSIC, Serrano 123, Madrid 28006 (Spain); IMAPP, Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen (Netherlands)], E-mail: t58@nikhef.nl
2009-01-12
Starting from a previously collected set of tachyon-free closed strings, we search for N=2 minimal model orientifold spectra which contain the standard model and are free of tachyons and tadpoles at lowest order. For each class of tachyon-free closed strings - bulk supersymmetry, automorphism invariants or Klein bottle projection - we do indeed find non-supersymmetric and tachyon free chiral brane configurations that contain the standard model. However, a tadpole-cancelling hidden sector could only be found in the case of bulk supersymmetry. Although about half of the examples we have found make use of branes that break the bulk space-time supersymmetry, the resulting massless open string spectra are nevertheless supersymmetric in all cases. Dropping the requirement that the standard model be contained in the spectrum, we find chiral tachyon and tadpole-free solutions in all three cases, although in the case of bulk supersymmetry all massless spectra are supersymmetric. In the other two cases we find truly non-supersymmetric spectra, but a large fraction of them are nevertheless partly or fully supersymmetric at the massless level.
Searching for beyond the minimal supersymmetric standard model at the laboratory and in the sky
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Ju Min
2010-09-15
We study the collider signals as well as Dark Matter candidates in supersymmetric models. We show that the collider signatures from a supersymmetric Grand Unification model based on the SO(10) gauge group can be distinguishable from those from the (constrained) minimal supersymmetric Standard Model, even though they share some common features. The N=2 supersymmetry has the characteristically distinct phenomenology, due to the Dirac nature of gauginos, as well as the extra adjoint scalars. We compute the cold Dark Matter relic density including a class of one-loop corrections. Finally, we discuss the detectability of neutralino Dark Matter candidate of the SO(10) model by the direct and indirect Dark Matter search experiments. (orig.)
Searching for beyond the minimal supersymmetric standard model at the laboratory and in the sky
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kim, Ju Min
2010-09-01
We study the collider signals as well as Dark Matter candidates in supersymmetric models. We show that the collider signatures from a supersymmetric Grand Unification model based on the SO(10) gauge group can be distinguishable from those from the (constrained) minimal supersymmetric Standard Model, even though they share some common features. The N=2 supersymmetry has the characteristically distinct phenomenology, due to the Dirac nature of gauginos, as well as the extra adjoint scalars. We compute the cold Dark Matter relic density including a class of one-loop corrections. Finally, we discuss the detectability of neutralino Dark Matter candidate of the SO(10) model by the direct and indirect Dark Matter search experiments. (orig.)
A supersymmetric SYK-like tensor model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Peng, Cheng; Spradlin, Marcus; Volovich, Anastasia [Department of Physics, Brown University,Providence, RI, 02912 (United States)
2017-05-11
We consider a supersymmetric SYK-like model without quenched disorder that is built by coupling two kinds of fermionic N=1 tensor-valued superfields, “quarks” and “mesons”. We prove that the model has a well-defined large-N limit in which the (s)quark 2-point functions are dominated by mesonic “melon” diagrams. We sum these diagrams to obtain the Schwinger-Dyson equations and show that in the IR, the solution agrees with that of the supersymmetric SYK model.
A supersymmetric SYK-like tensor model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Peng, Cheng; Spradlin, Marcus; Volovich, Anastasia
2017-01-01
We consider a supersymmetric SYK-like model without quenched disorder that is built by coupling two kinds of fermionic N=1 tensor-valued superfields, “quarks” and “mesons”. We prove that the model has a well-defined large-N limit in which the (s)quark 2-point functions are dominated by mesonic “melon” diagrams. We sum these diagrams to obtain the Schwinger-Dyson equations and show that in the IR, the solution agrees with that of the supersymmetric SYK model.
Spectral properties in supersymmetric matrix models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Boulton, Lyonell; Garcia del Moral, Maria Pilar; Restuccia, Alvaro
2012-01-01
We formulate a general sufficiency criterion for discreteness of the spectrum of both supersymmmetric and non-supersymmetric theories with a fermionic contribution. This criterion allows an analysis of Hamiltonians in complete form rather than just their semiclassical limits. In such a framework we examine spectral properties of various (1+0) matrix models. We consider the BMN model of M-theory compactified on a maximally supersymmetric pp-wave background, different regularizations of the supermembrane with central charges and a non-supersymmetric model comprising a bound state of N D2 with m D0. While the first two examples have a purely discrete spectrum, the latter has a continuous spectrum with a lower end given in terms of the monopole charge.
N=1 supersymmetric extension of the baby Skyrme model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Adam, C.; Queiruga, J. M.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.
2011-01-01
We construct a method to supersymmetrize higher kinetic terms and apply it to the baby Skyrme model. We find that there exist N=1 supersymmetric extensions for baby Skyrme models with arbitrary potential.
Early universe cosmology. In supersymmetric extensions of the standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baumann, Jochen Peter
2012-03-19
In this thesis we investigate possible connections between cosmological inflation and leptogenesis on the one side and particle physics on the other side. We work in supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model. A key role is played by the right-handed sneutrino, the superpartner of the right-handed neutrino involved in the type I seesaw mechanism. We study a combined model of inflation and non-thermal leptogenesis that is a simple extension of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with conserved R-parity, where we add three right-handed neutrino super fields. The inflaton direction is given by the imaginary components of the corresponding scalar component fields, which are protected from the supergravity (SUGRA) {eta}-problem by a shift symmetry in the Kaehler potential. We discuss the model first in a globally supersymmetric (SUSY) and then in a supergravity context and compute the inflationary predictions of the model. We also study reheating and non-thermal leptogenesis in this model. A numerical simulation shows that shortly after the waterfall phase transition that ends inflation, the universe is dominated by right-handed sneutrinos and their out-of-equilibrium decay can produce the desired matter-antimatter asymmetry. Using a simplified time-averaged description, we derive analytical expressions for the model predictions. Combining the results from inflation and leptogenesis allows us to constrain the allowed parameter space from two different directions, with implications for low energy neutrino physics. As a second thread of investigation, we discuss a generalisation of the inflationary model discussed above to include gauge non-singlet fields as inflatons. This is motivated by the fact that in left-right symmetric, supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories (SUSY GUTs), like SUSY Pati-Salam unification or SUSY SO(10) GUTs, the righthanded (s)neutrino is an indispensable ingredient and does not have to be put in by hand as in the MSSM. We discuss
Early universe cosmology. In supersymmetric extensions of the standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baumann, Jochen Peter
2012-01-01
In this thesis we investigate possible connections between cosmological inflation and leptogenesis on the one side and particle physics on the other side. We work in supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model. A key role is played by the right-handed sneutrino, the superpartner of the right-handed neutrino involved in the type I seesaw mechanism. We study a combined model of inflation and non-thermal leptogenesis that is a simple extension of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with conserved R-parity, where we add three right-handed neutrino super fields. The inflaton direction is given by the imaginary components of the corresponding scalar component fields, which are protected from the supergravity (SUGRA) η-problem by a shift symmetry in the Kaehler potential. We discuss the model first in a globally supersymmetric (SUSY) and then in a supergravity context and compute the inflationary predictions of the model. We also study reheating and non-thermal leptogenesis in this model. A numerical simulation shows that shortly after the waterfall phase transition that ends inflation, the universe is dominated by right-handed sneutrinos and their out-of-equilibrium decay can produce the desired matter-antimatter asymmetry. Using a simplified time-averaged description, we derive analytical expressions for the model predictions. Combining the results from inflation and leptogenesis allows us to constrain the allowed parameter space from two different directions, with implications for low energy neutrino physics. As a second thread of investigation, we discuss a generalisation of the inflationary model discussed above to include gauge non-singlet fields as inflatons. This is motivated by the fact that in left-right symmetric, supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories (SUSY GUTs), like SUSY Pati-Salam unification or SUSY SO(10) GUTs, the righthanded (s)neutrino is an indispensable ingredient and does not have to be put in by hand as in the MSSM. We discuss the
The rho-parameter in supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lim, C.S.; Inami, T.; Sakai, N.
1983-10-01
The electroweak rho-parameter is examined in a general class of supersymmetric models. Formulae are given for one-loop contributions to Δrho from scalar quarks and leptons, gauge-Higgs fermions and an extra doublet of Higgs scalars. Mass differences between members of isodoublet scalar quarks and leptons are constrained to be less than about 200 GeV. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gu Peihong; Sarkar, Utpal
2008-01-01
Baryogenesis, through the decays of heavy bosons, was considered to be one of the major successes of the grand unified theories (GUTs). It was then realized that the sphaleron processes erased any baryon asymmetry from the GUT-baryogenesis at a later stage. In this Letter, we discuss the idea of resurrecting GUT-baryogenesis [M. Fukugita, T. Yanagida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 (2002) 131602] in a large class of SO(10) GUTs. Our analysis shows that fast lepton number violating but baryon number conserving processes can partially wash out the GUT-baryogenesis produced lepton and/or baryon asymmetry associated with or without the sphaleron and/or Yukawa interactions
Utilitarian supersymmetric gauge model of particle interactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ma, Ernest
2010-01-01
A remarkabale U(1) gauge extension of the supersymmetric standard model was proposed 8 years ago. It is anomaly free, has no μ term, and conserves baryon and lepton numbers automatically. The phenomenology of a specific version of this model is discussed. In particular, leptoquarks are predicted, with couplings to the heavy singlet neutrinos, the scalar partners of which may be components of dark matter. The Majorana neutrino mass matrix itself may have two zero subdeterminants.
Hierarchy generation in compactified supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ross, G.G.
1988-01-01
The problem of generating a large hierarchy in compactified supersymmetric models is re-examined. It is shown how, even for the class of models for which Str M 2 is non-vanishing, a combination of non-perturbative effects and radiative corrections may lead to an exponentially large hierarchy. A corollary is that the couplings of the effective field theory in the visible sector should be small, i.e., perturbation theory should be applicable. (orig.)
A constrained supersymmetric left-right model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hirsch, Martin [AHEP Group, Instituto de Física Corpuscular - C.S.I.C./Universitat de València, Edificio de Institutos de Paterna, Apartado 22085, E-46071 València (Spain); Krauss, Manuel E. [Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics & Physikalisches Institut der Universität Bonn, Nussallee 12, 53115 Bonn (Germany); Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astronomie, Universität Würzburg,Emil-Hilb-Weg 22, 97074 Wuerzburg (Germany); Opferkuch, Toby [Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics & Physikalisches Institut der Universität Bonn, Nussallee 12, 53115 Bonn (Germany); Porod, Werner [Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astronomie, Universität Würzburg,Emil-Hilb-Weg 22, 97074 Wuerzburg (Germany); Staub, Florian [Theory Division, CERN,1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)
2016-03-02
We present a supersymmetric left-right model which predicts gauge coupling unification close to the string scale and extra vector bosons at the TeV scale. The subtleties in constructing a model which is in agreement with the measured quark masses and mixing for such a low left-right breaking scale are discussed. It is shown that in the constrained version of this model radiative breaking of the gauge symmetries is possible and a SM-like Higgs is obtained. Additional CP-even scalars of a similar mass or even much lighter are possible. The expected mass hierarchies for the supersymmetric states differ clearly from those of the constrained MSSM. In particular, the lightest down-type squark, which is a mixture of the sbottom and extra vector-like states, is always lighter than the stop. We also comment on the model’s capability to explain current anomalies observed at the LHC.
Topological solitons in the supersymmetric Skyrme model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gudnason, Sven Bjarke [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000 (China); Nitta, Muneto [Department of Physics, and Research and Education Center for Natural Sciences,Keio University, Hiyoshi 4-1-1, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8521 (Japan); Sasaki, Shin [Department of Physics, Kitasato University,Sagamihara 252-0373 (Japan)
2017-01-04
A supersymmetric extension of the Skyrme model was obtained recently, which consists of only the Skyrme term in the Nambu-Goldstone (pion) sector complemented by the same number of quasi-Nambu-Goldstone bosons. Scherk-Schwarz dimensional reduction yields a kinetic term in three or lower dimensions and a potential term in two dimensions, preserving supersymmetry. Euclidean solitons (instantons) are constructed in the supersymmetric Skyrme model. In four dimensions, the soliton is an instanton first found by Speight. Scherk-Schwarz dimensional reduction is then performed once to get a 3-dimensional theory in which a 3d Skyrmion-instanton is found and then once more to get a 2d theory in which a 2d vortex-instanton is obtained. Although the last one is a global vortex it has finite action in contrast to conventional theory. All of them are non-BPS states breaking all supersymmetries.
Higgs bosons in supersymmetric models. Pt. 1
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gunion, J.F.
1986-01-01
We describe the properties of Higgs bosons in a class of supersymmetric theories. We consider models in which the low-energy sector contains two weak complex doublets and perhaps one complex gauge-singlet Higgs field. Supersymmetry is assumed to be either softly or spontaneously broken, thereby imposing a number of restrictions on the Higgs boson parameters. We elucidate the Higgs boson masses and present Feynman rules for their couplings to the gauge bosons, fermions and scalars of the theory. We also present Feynman rules for vertices which are related by supersymmetry to the above couplings. Exact analytic expressions are given in two useful limits - one corresponding to the absence of the gauge-singlet Higgs field and the other corresponding to the absence of a supersymmetric Higgs mass term. (orig.)
Asymptotically Free Natural Supersymmetric Twin Higgs Model
Badziak, Marcin; Harigaya, Keisuke
2018-05-01
Twin Higgs (TH) models explain the absence of new colored particles responsible for natural electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB). All known ultraviolet completions of TH models require some nonperturbative dynamics below the Planck scale. We propose a supersymmetric model in which the TH mechanism is introduced by a new asymptotically free gauge interaction. The model features natural EWSB for squarks and gluino heavier than 2 TeV even if supersymmetry breaking is mediated around the Planck scale, and has interesting flavor phenomenology including the top quark decay into the Higgs boson and the up quark which may be discovered at the LHC.
On the supersymmetric sine-Gordon model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hruby, J.
1977-01-01
The sine-Gordon model as the theory of a massless scalar field in one space and one time dimension with interaction Lagrangian density proportional to cosβsub(phi) is generalized for a scalar superfield and it is shown that the solution of the supercovariant sine-Gordon equation is the ''supersoliton'', it is the superfield, which has all ordinary fields in two dimensions as a type of the soliton solution. We also obtain the massive Thirring model and the new equations of motion coupling the Fermi field and the Bose field. The notice about supersymmetric ''SLAC-BAG'' model is done
Supersymmetric flavon-chromon models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pati, J.C.; Salam, A.
1983-07-01
Using the supersymmetry and R-breaking mechanism induced by N=1 supergravity, we develop the minimal flavon-chromon preonic model where spin 1/2 and spin 0 components of four preonic chiral multiplets correspond to flavons and chromons, from which quarks and leptons are made as composites. The emergence of the concepts of flavour and colour, in this minimal model, is synonymous with R and supersymmetry breaking. This breaking also gives a heavy mass to the gaugino, which is necessary for the implementation of the model. (author)
Beyond the supersymmetric standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hall, L.J.
1988-02-01
The possibility of baryon number violation at the weak scale and an alternative primordial nucleosynthesis scheme arising from the decay of gravitations are discussed. The minimal low energy supergravity model is defined and a few of its features are described. Renormalization group scaling and flavor physics are mentioned.
Beyond the supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hall, L.J.
1988-02-01
The possibility of baryon number violation at the weak scale and an alternative primordial nucleosynthesis scheme arising from the decay of gravitations are discussed. The minimal low energy supergravity model is defined and a few of its features are described. Renormalization group scaling and flavor physics are mentioned
The minimally tuned minimal supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Essig, Rouven; Fortin, Jean-Francois
2008-01-01
The regions in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with the minimal amount of fine-tuning of electroweak symmetry breaking are presented for general messenger scale. No a priori relations among the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters are assumed and fine-tuning is minimized with respect to all the important parameters which affect electroweak symmetry breaking. The superpartner spectra in the minimally tuned region of parameter space are quite distinctive with large stop mixing at the low scale and negative squark soft masses at the high scale. The minimal amount of tuning increases enormously for a Higgs mass beyond roughly 120 GeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Robinett, R.W.; Rosner, J.L.
1982-01-01
Models based on SO(10) are presented in which a second Z (''Z 2 '') can have a mass as low as 230 GeV/c 2 without appreciably distorting the lower-energy picture. In such models the lightest Z(''Z 1 '') is very close to the predicted mass in the standard picture, 1 greater than or equal to M(Z 1 )/M(Z 0 ) greater than or equal to 0.98. The major constraint preventing M(Z 2 ) from being even lower comes from experiments on parity violation in heavy atoms. Other properties of Z 2 , and ways to discover it, are discussed
Flavour changing decays of Z0 in supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gamberini, G.; Ridolfi, G.
1987-01-01
The possible existence of detectable flavour-changing branching modes of the Z 0 boson is examined in the context of supersymmetric models of currrent interest. An explicit calculation shows that in the so-called minimal version of the supersymmetric standard model the branching ratios for Z 0 →banti s or tanti c are not larger than in the standard model itself and are as such unobservable. On the contrary, we find that in a recently proposed extension of the supersymmetric standard model the mode Z 0 →tanti c may be at the order of being detectable. (orig.)
Supersymmetric sigma models and composite Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lukierski, J.
1980-04-01
We describe two types of supersymmetric sigma models: with field values in supercoset space and with superfields. The notion of Riemannian symmetric pair (H,G/H) is generalized to supergroups. Using the supercoset approach the superconformal-invariant model of composite U(n) Yang-Mills fields in introduced. In the framework of the superfield approach we present with some details two versions of the composite N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions with U(n) and U(m) x U(n) local invariance. We argue that especially the superfield sigma models can be used for the description of pre-QCD supersymmetric dynamics. (author)
Minimal SUSY SO(10) and Yukawa unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Okada, Nobuchika
2013-01-01
The minimal supersymmetric (SUSY) SO(10) model, where only two Higgs multiplets {10⊕126-bar} are utilized for Yukawa couplings with matter fields, can nicely fit the neutrino oscillation parameters as well as charged fermion masses and mixing angles. In the fitting of the fermion mass matrix data, the largest element in the Yukawa coupling with the 126-bar -plet Higgs (Y 126 ) is found to be of order one, so that the right see-saw scale should be provided by Higgs vacuum expectation values (VEVs) of β(10 14 GeV). This fact causes a serious problem, namely, the gauge coupling unification is spoiled because of the presence of many exotic Higgs multiples emerging at the see-saw scale. In order to solve this problem, we consider a unification between bottom-quark and tau Yukawa couplings (b - τ Yukawa coupling unification) at the grand unified theory (GUT) scale, due to threshold corrections of superpartners to the Yukawa couplings at the 1 TeV scale. When the b - τ Yukawa coupling unification is very accurate, the largest element in Y 126 can become β(0.01), so that the right see-saw scale is realized by the GUT scale VEV and the usual gauge coupling unification is maintained. Since the b - τ Yukawa unification alters the Yukawa coupling data at the GUT scale, we re-analyze the fitting of the fermion mass matrix data by taking all the relevant free parameters into account. Unfortunately, we find that no parameter region shows up to give a nice fit for the current neutrino oscillation data and therefore, the usual picture of the gauge coupling unification cannot accommodate the fermion mass matrix data fitting in our procedure.
Leptogenesis in the left-right supersymmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frank, M.
2004-01-01
We analyze the effects of the current neutrino data on thermal leptogenesis and 0νββ decay in a fully left-right extension of the minimal supersymmetric model. The model has several additional phases compared to the minimal supersymmetric model. These phases appear from both the heavy and light neutrino sectors: two CKM-type phases and four Majorana phases which give new contributions to CP-violating parameters and leptogenesis. We study observable effects of these phases on leptogenesis in most general neutrino mixing scenarios, with either hierarchical, inverse hierarchical, or quasidegenerate light and heavy neutrinos. We comment on the effects of these scenarios on the 0νββ decay. The CP-violating phases in both the heavy and light neutrino sectors of the left-right supersymmetric model have unique features, resulting in bounds on heavy neutrino masses different from the minimal scenario in leptogenesis, and which may distinguish the model from other supersymmetric scenarios
Pseudoclassical supersymmetrical model for 2+1 Dirac particle
Gitman, D. M.; Gonçalves, A. E.; Tyutin, I. V.
1996-01-01
A new pseudoclassical supersymmetrical model of a spinning particle in 2+1 dimensions is proposed. Different ways of its quantization are discussed. They all reproduce the minimal quantum theory of the particle.
Lepton radiative decays in supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Volkov, G.G.; Liparteliani, A.G.
1988-01-01
Radiative decays of charged leptons l i →l j γ(γ * ) have been discussed in the framework of the supersymmetric generalization of the standard model. The most general form of the formfactors for the one-loop vertex function is written. Decay widths of the mentioned radiative decays are calculated. Scalar lepton masses are estimated at the maximal mixing angle in the scalar sector proceeding from the present upper limit for the branching of the decay μ→eγ. In case of the maximal mixing angle and the least mass degeneration of scalar leptons of various generations the following lower limit for the scalar electron mass m e-tilde >1.5 TeV has been obtained. The mass of the scalar neutrino is 0(1) TeV, in case the charged calibrino is lighter than the scalar neutrino. The result obtained sensitive to the choice of the lepton mixing angle in the scalar sector, namely, in decreasing the value sin 2 θ by an order of magnitude, the limitation on the scalar electron mass may decrease more than 3 times. In the latter case the direct observation of electrons at the e + e - -collider (1x1 TeV) becomes available
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Milton, K.; Hama, S.; Nandi, S.; Tanaka, K.
1980-01-01
Neutrino mixing angles were computed in terms of upquark mass ratios in a grand unified field theory based on the gauge group SO(10) supplemented by a discrete symmetry. Only large ν/sub μ/ - ν/sub tau/ mixing were found
Operator analysis for quark and lepton masses in SO(10)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hall, L.J.
1993-01-01
A sequence of simple assumptions leads to a supersymmetric SO(10) theory with 8 predictions in addition to sin 2 θ: tanβ,M t ,kV cb ,M s M s /M d ,M d ,V ub and the amount of CP violation J. These predictions are presented, together with experiments which will test them
Supersymmetry and intermediate symmetry breaking in SO(10) superunification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Asatryan, H.M.; Ioannisyan, A.N.
1985-01-01
A scheme of simultaneous breakdown of intermediate symmetry SO(10) → SU(3)sub(c) x U(1) x SU(2)sub(L) x SU(2)sub(R) and supersymmetry by means of a single scale parameter is suggested. This intermediate symmetry, which is preferable physically, owing to the broken supersymmetry has a minimum lying lower than SU(4) x SU(2)sub(L) x SU(2)sub(R). The intermediate symmetry is broken by the vacuum expectation value of the Higgs superfields. Owing to the quantum corrections the potential minimum turns out to correspond to breakdown of the intermediate symmetry up to the standard group SU(3)sub(c) x SU(2)sub(L) x U(1)sub(y). The value of the Weinberg angle is less than that in the supersymmetric SU(5) model and agrees with the experiment
Precision calculations in supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Slavich, P.
2013-01-01
This dissertation is organized as follows: in the next chapter I will summarize the structure of the supersymmetric extensions of the standard model (SM), namely the MSSM (Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model) and the NMSSM (Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model), I will provide a brief overview of different patterns of SUSY (supersymmetry) breaking and discuss some issues on the renormalization of the input parameters that are common to all calculations of higher-order corrections in SUSY models. In chapter 3 I will review and describe computations on the production of MSSM Higgs bosons in gluon fusion. In chapter 4 I will review results on the radiative corrections to the Higgs boson masses in the NMSSM. In chapter 5 I will review the calculation of BR(B → X s γ in the MSSM with Minimal Flavor Violation (MFV). Finally, in chapter 6 I will briefly summarize the outlook of my future research. (author)
A Specific N=2 Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanical Model: Supervariable Approach
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Aradhya Shukla
2017-01-01
Full Text Available By exploiting the supersymmetric invariant restrictions on the chiral and antichiral supervariables, we derive the off-shell nilpotent symmetry transformations for a specific (0 + 1-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanical model which is considered on a (1, 2-dimensional supermanifold (parametrized by a bosonic variable t and a pair of Grassmannian variables (θ,θ¯. We also provide the geometrical meaning to the symmetry transformations. Finally, we show that this specific N=2 SUSY quantum mechanical model is a model for Hodge theory.
Thermal leptogenesis in a supersymmetric neutrinophilic Higgs model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Haba, Naoyuki; Seto, Osamu
2011-01-01
We investigate thermal leptogenesis in a supersymmetric neutrinophilic Higgs model by taking phenomenological constraints into account, where, in addition to the minimal supersymmetric standard model, we introduce an extra Higgs field with a tiny vacuum expectation value which generates neutrino masses. Thanks to this tiny vacuum expectation value of the neutrinophilic Higgs, our model allows us to reduce the mass of the lightest right-handed (s)neutrino to be O(10 5 ) GeV, keeping sufficiently large CP asymmetry in its decay. Therefore, the reheating temperature after inflation is not necessarily high; hence this scenario is free from the gravitino problem.
Exterior calculus and two-dimensional supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sciuto, S.
1980-01-01
An important property of the calculus of differential forms on superspace is pointed out, and an economical way to treat the linear problem associated with certain supersymmetric two-dimensional models is discussed. A generalization of the super sine-Gordon model is proposed; its bosonic limit is a new model whose associate linear set has an SU(3) structure. (orig.)
Predictions for mt and MW in minimal supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Buchmueller, O.; Ellis, J.R.; Flaecher, H.; Isidori, G.
2009-12-01
Using a frequentist analysis of experimental constraints within two versions of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model, we derive the predictions for the top quark mass, m t , and the W boson mass, m W . We find that the supersymmetric predictions for both m t and m W , obtained by incorporating all the relevant experimental information and state-of-the-art theoretical predictions, are highly compatible with the experimental values with small remaining uncertainties, yielding an improvement compared to the case of the Standard Model. (orig.)
Dark matter, constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model, and lattice QCD.
Giedt, Joel; Thomas, Anthony W; Young, Ross D
2009-11-13
Recent lattice measurements have given accurate estimates of the quark condensates in the proton. We use these results to significantly improve the dark matter predictions in benchmark models within the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model. The predicted spin-independent cross sections are at least an order of magnitude smaller than previously suggested and our results have significant consequences for dark matter searches.
90 - GeV Higgs boson in supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grzadkowski, B.; Kalinowski, J.; Pokorski, S.
1989-07-01
We discuss supersymmetric models with a hierarchy of vacuum expectation values of Higgs fields. These models predict one of the physical neutral Higgs bosons to have its mass very close to the Z-boson mass. Properties of such a 90-GeV Higgs boson are discussed. (author)
Yukawa couplings in SO(10) heterotic M-theory vacua
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Faraggi, Alon E.; Garavuso, Richard S.
2003-01-01
We demonstrate the existence of a class of N=1 supersymmetric nonperturbative vacua of Horava-Witten M-theory compactified on a torus fibered Calabi-Yau 3-fold Z with first homotopy group π 1 (Z)=Z 2 , having the following properties: (1) SO(10) grand unification group, (2) net number of three generations of chiral fermions in the observable sector, and (3) potentially viable matter Yukawa couplings. These vacua correspond to semistable holomorphic vector bundles V Z over Z having structure group SU(4) C , and generically contain M5-branes in the bulk space. The nontrivial first homotopy group allows Wilson line breaking of the SO(10) symmetry. Additionally, we propose how the 11-dimensional Horava-Witten M-theory framework may be used to extend the perturbative calculation of the top quark Yukawa coupling in the realistic free-fermionic models to the nonperturbative regime. The basic argument being that the relevant coupling couples twisted-twisted-untwisted states and can be calculated at the level of the Z 2 xZ 2 orbifold without resorting to the full three generation models
Non-minimal supersymmetric models. LHC phenomenolgy and model discrimination
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Krauss, Manuel Ernst
2015-12-18
It is generally agreed upon the fact that the Standard Model of particle physics can only be viewed as an effective theory that needs to be extended as it leaves some essential questions unanswered. The exact realization of the necessary extension is subject to discussion. Supersymmetry is among the most promising approaches to physics beyond the Standard Model as it can simultaneously solve the hierarchy problem and provide an explanation for the dark matter abundance in the universe. Despite further virtues like gauge coupling unification and radiative electroweak symmetry breaking, minimal supersymmetric models cannot be the ultimate answer to the open questions of the Standard Model as they still do not incorporate neutrino masses and are besides heavily constrained by LHC data. This does, however, not derogate the beauty of the concept of supersymmetry. It is therefore time to explore non-minimal supersymmetric models which are able to close these gaps, review their consistency, test them against experimental data and provide prospects for future experiments. The goal of this thesis is to contribute to this process by exploring an extraordinarily well motivated class of models which bases upon a left-right symmetric gauge group. While relaxing the tension with LHC data, those models automatically include the ingredients for neutrino masses. We start with a left-right supersymmetric model at the TeV scale in which scalar SU(2){sub R} triplets are responsible for the breaking of left-right symmetry as well as for the generation of neutrino masses. Although a tachyonic doubly-charged scalar is present at tree-level in this kind of models, we show by performing the first complete one-loop evaluation that it gains a real mass at the loop level. The constraints on the predicted additional charged gauge bosons are then evaluated using LHC data, and we find that we can explain small excesses in the data of which the current LHC run will reveal if they are actual new
Charged and neutral minimal supersymmetric standard model Higgs ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
physics pp. 759–763. Charged and neutral minimal supersymmetric standard model Higgs boson decays and measurement of tan β at the compact linear collider. E CONIAVITIS and A FERRARI∗. Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics, Uppsala University, 75121 Uppsala, Sweden. ∗E-mail: ferrari@tsl.uu.se. Abstract.
Complete integrability of the supersymmetric (cos phi)2 model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kulish, P.P.; Tsyplyaev, S.A.
1987-01-01
Complete integrability of the supersymmetric two-dimensional sine-Gordon field-theoretical model is proved in the framework of the Hamiltonian interpretation of the inverse problem method. The classical r-matrix of this model is computed and shown to be equivalent to the r-matrix of the Grassmann Thirring model. Creation-annihilation variables are constructed and the elementary excitation spectrum is determined
SCYNet. Testing supersymmetric models at the LHC with neural networks
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bechtle, Philip; Belkner, Sebastian; Hamer, Matthias [Universitaet Bonn, Bonn (Germany); Dercks, Daniel [Universitaet Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany); Keller, Tim; Kraemer, Michael; Sarrazin, Bjoern; Schuette-Engel, Jan; Tattersall, Jamie [RWTH Aachen University, Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology, Aachen (Germany)
2017-10-15
SCYNet (SUSY Calculating Yield Net) is a tool for testing supersymmetric models against LHC data. It uses neural network regression for a fast evaluation of the profile likelihood ratio. Two neural network approaches have been developed: one network has been trained using the parameters of the 11-dimensional phenomenological Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (pMSSM-11) as an input and evaluates the corresponding profile likelihood ratio within milliseconds. It can thus be used in global pMSSM-11 fits without time penalty. In the second approach, the neural network has been trained using model-independent signature-related objects, such as energies and particle multiplicities, which were estimated from the parameters of a given new physics model. (orig.)
Quasicomplex N=2, d=1 Supersymmetric Sigma Models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Evgeny A. Ivanov
2013-11-01
Full Text Available We derive and discuss a new type of N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanical sigma models which appear when the superfield action of the (1,2,1 multiplets is modified by adding an imaginary antisymmetric tensor to the target space metric, thus completing the latter to a non-symmetric Hermitian metric. These models are not equivalent to the standard de Rham sigma models, but are related to them through a certain special similarity transformation of the supercharges. On the other hand, they can be obtained by a Hamiltonian reduction from the complex supersymmetric N=2 sigma models built on the multiplets (2,2,0 and describing the Dolbeault complex on the manifolds with proper isometries. We study in detail the extremal two-dimensional case, when the target space metric is defined solely by the antisymmetric tensor, and show that the corresponding quantum systems reveal a hidden N=4 supersymmetry.
Higgs detectability in the extended supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kamoshita, Jun-ichi
1995-01-01
Higgs detectability at a future linear collider are discussed in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) and a supersymmetric standard model with a gauge singlet Higgs field (NMSSM). First, in the MSSM at least one of the neutral scalar Higgs is shown to be detectable irrespective of parameters of the model in a future e + e - linear collider at √s = 300-500 GeV. Next the Higgs sector of the NMSSM is considered, since the lightest Higgs boson can be singlet dominated and therefore decouple from Z 0 boson it is important to consider the production of heavier Higgses. It is shown that also in this case at least one of the neutral scalar Higgs will be detectable in a future linear collider. We extend the analysis and show that the same is true even if three singlets are included. Thus the detectability of these Higgs bosons of these models is guaranteed. (author)
Supersymmetric composite models on intersecting D-branes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kitazawa, Noriaki
2004-01-01
We construct supersymmetric composite models of quarks and leptons from type IIA T6/(Z2xZ2) orientifold with intersecting D6-branes. In case of T6=T2xT2xT2 with no tilted T2, a composite model of supersymmetric SU(5) grand unified theory with four generations is constructed. In case of that one T2 is tilted, a composite model with SU(3)cxSU(2)LxU(1)Y gauge symmetry with three generations of left-handed quarks and leptons is constructed. These models are not realistic, but contain relatively fewer additional exotic particles and U(1) gauge symmetries due to the introduction of the compositeness of quarks and leptons. The masses of some exotic particles are naturally generated through the Yukawa interactions among 'preons'
Yukawa sector of minimal SO(10) unification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Babu, K.S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University,Stillwater, OK, 74078 (United States); Bajc, Borut [Jožef Stefan Institute,Ljubljana, 1000 (Slovenia); Saad, Shaikh [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University,Stillwater, OK, 74078 (United States)
2017-02-28
We show that in SO(10) models, a Yukawa sector consisting of a real 10{sub H}, a real 120{sub H} and a complex 126{sub H} of Higgs fields can provide a realistic fit to all fermion masses and mixings, including the neutrino sector. Although the group theory of SO(10) demands that the 10{sub H} and 120{sub H} be real, most constructions complexify these fields and impose symmetries exterior to SO(10) to achieve predictivity. The proposed new framework with real10{sub H} and real120{sub H} relies only on SO(10) gauge symmetry, and yet has a limited number of Yukawa parameters. Our analysis shows that while there are restrictions on the observables, a good fit to the entire fermion spectrum can be realized. Unification of gauge couplings is achieved with an intermediate scale Pati-Salam gauge symmetry. Proton decay branching ratios are calculable, with the leading decay modes being p→ν̄π{sup +} and p→e{sup +}π{sup 0}.
Supersymmetric U(1)' model with multiple dark matters
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hur, Taeil; Lee, Hye-Sung; Nasri, Salah
2008-01-01
We consider a scenario where a supersymmetric model has multiple dark matter particles. Adding a U(1) ' gauge symmetry is a well-motivated extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). It can cure the problems of the MSSM such as the μ problem or the proton decay problem with high-dimensional lepton number and baryon number violating operators which R parity allows. An extra parity (U parity) may arise as a residual discrete symmetry after U(1) ' gauge symmetry is spontaneously broken. The lightest U-parity particle (LUP) is stable under the new parity becoming a new dark matter candidate. Up to three massive particles can be stable in the presence of the R parity and the U parity. We numerically illustrate that multiple stable particles in our model can satisfy both constraints from the relic density and the direct detection, thus providing a specific scenario where a supersymmetric model has well-motivated multiple dark matters consistent with experimental constraints. The scenario provides new possibilities in the present and upcoming dark matter searches in the direct detection and collider experiments
Spontaneously broken abelian gauge invariant supersymmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mainland, G.B.; Tanaka, K.
A model is presented that is invariant under an Abelian gauge transformation and a modified supersymmetry transformation. This model is broken spontaneously, and the interplay between symmetry breaking, Goldstone particles, and mass breaking is studied. In the present model, spontaneously breaking the Abelian symmetry of the vacuum restores the invariance of the vacuum under a modified supersymmetry transformation. (U.S.)
Supersymmetric models of weak and electromagnetic interactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Egoryan, Eh.; Slavnov, A.A.
1978-01-01
Examples of realistic supergauge lepton models based on the SU(2)xU(1) and SU(2)xSU(2)xU(1) groups are considered. These models do not contradict to up-to-date experimental data, give a natural explanation for the Higgs mechanism and predict the existence of heavy leptons. The first model predicts the conservation of parity, the second one predicts parity breaking in atomic processes
Towards a complete Δ(27) × SO(10) GUT of flavour
Björkeroth, Fredrik
2017-09-01
We propose a renormalisable model based on Δ(27) family symmetry with an SO(10) grand unified theory (GUT) leading to a novel form of spontaneous geometrical CP violation. The symmetries are broken close to the GUT breaking scale to yield the minimal supersymmetric standard model with standard R-parity. Low-scale Yukawa structure is dictated by the coupling of matter to Δ(27) antitriplets \\bar φ whose vacuum expectation values are aligned in the CSD3 directions by the superpotential. Light physical Majorana neutrinos masses emerge from the seesaw mechanism within SO(10). The model predicts a normal neutrino mass hierarchy with the best-fit lightest neutrino mass m 1 ∼ 0.3 meV, CP-violating oscillation phase δl ≈ 280° and the remaining neutrino parameters all within 1σ of their best-fit experimental values.
SO(10) - Grand unification and fermion masses
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Oezer, A.D.
2005-01-01
quantities that are not present in the Standard Model like the masses of new gauge bosons, the vector and axial-vector couplings of a new NC current, the masses of a light left-handed and a heavier right-neutrino, the values of various mixing parameters and CP phases etc. The input values required for these evaluations are acquired mainly from two sources: First, we determine the vacuum expectation values and the coupling strengths of gauge interactions given by the SO(10) theory in so far as possible through studying the mass scales in SO(10) in the framework of coupling unification. Complementarily, we determine the vacuum expectation values and their phases by adjusting them to the masses of the known gauge bosons and fermions below the Fermi scale which are accurately measured and known. We are able to predict more than 67 parameters with an input of 7 vacuum expectation values, 5 angles, 1 gauge coupling and 1 Yukawa coupling. (Orig.)
Flipped version of the supersymmetric strongly coupled preon model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fajfer, S. (Institut za Fiziku, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, (Yugoslavia)); Milekovic, M.; Tadic, D. (Zavod za Teorijsku Fiziku, Prirodoslovno-Matematicki Fakultet, University of Zagreb, Croatia, (Yugoslavia))
1989-12-01
In the supersymmetric SU(5) (SUSY SU(5)) composite model (which was described in an earlier paper) the fermion mass terms can be easily constructed. The SUSY SU(5){direct product}U(1), i.e., flipped, composite model possesses a completely analogous composite-particle spectrum. However, in that model one cannot construct a renormalizable superpotential which would generate fermion mass terms. This contrasts with the standard noncomposite grand unified theories (GUT's) in which both the Georgi-Glashow electrical charge embedding and its flipped counterpart lead to the renormalizable theories.
Required experimental accuracy to select between supersymmetrical models
Grellscheid, David
2004-03-01
We will present a method to decide a priori whether various supersymmetrical scenarios can be distinguished based on sparticle mass data alone. For each model, a scan over all free SUSY breaking parameters reveals the extent of that model's physically allowed region of sparticle-mass-space. Based on the geometrical configuration of these regions in mass-space, it is possible to obtain an estimate of the required accuracy of future sparticle mass measurements to distinguish between the models. We will illustrate this algorithm with an example. This talk is based on work done in collaboration with B C Allanach (LAPTH, Annecy) and F Quevedo (DAMTP, Cambridge).
ATLAS Z Excess in Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lu, Xiaochuan; Terada, Takahiro
2015-06-01
Recently the ATLAS collaboration reported a 3 sigma excess in the search for the events containing a dilepton pair from a Z boson and large missing transverse energy. Although the excess is not sufficiently significant yet, it is quite tempting to explain this excess by a well-motivated model beyond the standard model. In this paper we study a possibility of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) for this excess. Especially, we focus on the MSSM spectrum where the sfermions are heavier than the gauginos and Higgsinos. We show that the excess can be explained by the reasonable MSSM mass spectrum.
A review of Higgs mass calculations in supersymmetric models
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Draper, P.; Rzehak, H.
2016-01-01
The discovery of the Higgs boson is both a milestone achievement for the Standard Model and an exciting probe of new physics beyond the SM. One of the most important properties of the Higgs is its mass, a number that has proven to be highly constraining for models of new physics, particularly those...... related to the electroweak hierarchy problem. Perhaps the most extensively studied examples are supersymmetric models, which, while capable of producing a 125 GeV Higgs boson with SM-like properties, do so in non-generic parts of their parameter spaces. We review the computation of the Higgs mass...
One-scale supersymmetric inflationary models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bertolami, O.; Ross, G.G.
1986-01-01
The reheating phase is studied in a class of supergravity inflationary models involving a two-component hidden sector in which the scale of supersymmetry breaking and the scale generating inflation are related. It is shown that these models have an ''entropy crisis'' in which there is a large entropy release after nucleosynthesis leading to unacceptable low nuclear abundances. (orig.)
Supersymmetric sigma models and the heterotic string
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hull, C.M.; Witten, E.
1989-01-01
The authors define the (1 + 1)-dimensional supersymmetry algebra of type (p, q) to be that generated by p right-handed Majorana-Weyl supercharges and q left-handed ones. They construct the non-linear sigma models with supersymmetry of type (1, 0) and (2, 0) and discuss their geometry and their relevance to compactifications of the heterotic superstring. The sigma-model anomalies can be canceled by a mechanism closely related to that used by Green and Schwarz to cancel gravitational and Yang-Mills anomalies for the superstring
On radiative gauge symmetry breaking in the minimal supersymmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gamberini, G.; Ridolfi, G.; Zwirner, F.
1990-01-01
We present a critical reappraisal of radiative gauge symmetry breaking in the minimal supersymmetric standard model. We show that a naive use of the renormalization group improved tree-level potential can lead to incorrect conclusions. We specify the conditions under which the above method gives reliable results, by performing a comparison with the results obtained from the full one-loop potential. We also point out how the stability constraint and the conditions for the absence of charge- and colour-breaking minima should be applied. Finally, we comment on the uncertainties affecting the model predictions for physical observables, in particular for the top quark mass. (orig.)
Constraints on supersymmetric models from the muon anomalous magnetic moment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Carena, M.; Giudice, G.F.; Wagner, C.E.M.
1996-10-01
We study the impact of present and future (g - 2) μ measurements on supersymmetric models. The corrections to (g - 2) μ become particularly relevant in the presence of light sleptons, charginos and neutralinos, especially in the large tan β regime. For moderate or large values of tan β, it is possible to rule out scenarios in which charginos and sneutrinos are both light, but nevertheless escape detection at the LEP2 collider. Furthermore, models in which supersymmetry breaking is transferred to the observable sector through gauge interactions can be efficiently constrained by the (g - 2) μ measurement. (orig.)
Charge and color breaking minima in supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brhlik, Michal
2001-01-01
Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model include complicated scalar sectors leading to the possible occurrence of non-standard minima along suitable directions in the field space. These minima usually break charge and/or color and their presence in the theory would require an explanation why the universe has settled in the standard electroweak symmetry breaking minimum. In this talk I illustrate the relevance of the charge and color breaking minima in the framework of the minimal supergravity model and a string motivated Horava-Witten scenario
Phenomenology of non-minimal supersymmetric models at linear colliders
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Porto, Stefano
2015-06-01
The focus of this thesis is on the phenomenology of several non-minimal supersymmetric models in the context of future linear colliders (LCs). Extensions of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) may accommodate the observed Higgs boson mass at about 125 GeV in a more natural way than the MSSM, with a richer phenomenology. We consider both F-term extensions of the MSSM, as for instance the non-minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), as well as D-terms extensions arising at low energies from gauge extended supersymmetric models. The NMSSM offers a solution to the μ-problem with an additional gauge singlet supermultiplet. The enlarged neutralino sector of the NMSSM can be accurately studied at a LC and used to distinguish the model from the MSSM. We show that exploiting the power of the polarised beams of a LC can be used to reconstruct the neutralino and chargino sector and eventually distinguish the NMSSM even considering challenging scenarios that resemble the MSSM. Non-decoupling D-terms extensions of the MSSM can raise the tree-level Higgs mass with respect to the MSSM. This is done through additional contributions to the Higgs quartic potential, effectively generated by an extended gauge group. We study how this can happen and we show how these additional non-decoupling D-terms affect the SM-like Higgs boson couplings to fermions and gauge bosons. We estimate how the deviations from the SM couplings can be spotted at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and at the International Linear Collider (ILC), showing how the ILC would be suitable for the model identication. Since our results prove that a linear collider is a fundamental machine for studying supersymmetry phenomenology at a high level of precision, we argue that also a thorough comprehension of the physics at the interaction point (IP) of a LC is needed. Therefore, we finally consider the possibility of observing intense electromagnetic field effects and nonlinear quantum electrodynamics
Electroweak symmetry breaking in supersymmetric gauge-Higgs unification models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Choi, Kiwoon; Jeong, Kwang-Sik; Okumura, Ken-ichi; Haba, Naoyuki; Shimizu, Yasuhiro; Yamaguchi, Masahiro
2004-01-01
We examine the Higgs mass parameters and electroweak symmetry breaking in supersymmetric orbifold field theories in which the 4-dimensional Higgs fields originate from higher-dimensional gauge supermultiplets. It is noted that such gauge-Higgs unification leads to a specific boundary condition on the Higgs mass parameters at the compactification scale, which is independent of the details of supersymmetry breaking mechanism. With this boundary condition, phenomenologically viable parameter space of the model is severely constrained by the condition of electroweak symmetry breaking for supersymmetry breaking scenarios which can be realized naturally in orbifold field theories. For instance, if it is assumed that the 4-dimensional effective theory is the minimal supersymmetric standard model with supersymmetry breaking parameters induced by the Scherk-Schwarz mechanism, a correct electroweak symmetry breaking can not be achieved for reasonable range of parameters of the model, even when one includes additional contributions to the Higgs mass parameters from the auxiliary component of 4-dimensional conformal compensator. However if there exists a supersymmetry breaking mediated by brane superfields, sizable portion of the parameter space can give a correct electroweak symmetry breaking. (author)
Investigating multiple solutions in the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Allanach, B.C. [DAMTP, CMS, University of Cambridge,Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); George, Damien P. [DAMTP, CMS, University of Cambridge,Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge,JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Nachman, Benjamin [SLAC, Stanford University,2575 Sand Hill Rd, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)
2014-02-07
Recent work has shown that the Constrained Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (CMSSM) can possess several distinct solutions for certain values of its parameters. The extra solutions were not previously found by public supersymmetric spectrum generators because fixed point iteration (the algorithm used by the generators) is unstable in the neighbourhood of these solutions. The existence of the additional solutions calls into question the robustness of exclusion limits derived from collider experiments and cosmological observations upon the CMSSM, because limits were only placed on one of the solutions. Here, we map the CMSSM by exploring its multi-dimensional parameter space using the shooting method, which is not subject to the stability issues which can plague fixed point iteration. We are able to find multiple solutions where in all previous literature only one was found. The multiple solutions are of two distinct classes. One class, close to the border of bad electroweak symmetry breaking, is disfavoured by LEP2 searches for neutralinos and charginos. The other class has sparticles that are heavy enough to evade the LEP2 bounds. Chargino masses may differ by up to around 10% between the different solutions, whereas other sparticle masses differ at the sub-percent level. The prediction for the dark matter relic density can vary by a hundred percent or more between the different solutions, so analyses employing the dark matter constraint are incomplete without their inclusion.
New aspects of flavour model building in supersymmetric grand unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Spinrath, Martin
2010-01-01
We derive predictions for Yukawa coupling ratios within Grand Unified Theories generated from operators with mass dimension four and five. These relations are a characteristic property of unified flavour models and can reduce the large number of free parameters related to the flavour sector of the Standard Model. The Yukawa couplings of the down-type quarks and charged leptons are affected within supersymmetric models by tan β-enhanced threshold corrections which can be sizeable if tan β is large. In this case their careful inclusion in the renormalisation group evolution is mandatory. We analyse these corrections and give simple analytic expressions and numerical estimates for them. The threshold corrections sensitively depend on the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters. Especially, they determine the overall sign of the corrections and therefore if the affected Yukawa couplings are enhanced or suppressed. In the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model many free parameters are introduced by supersymmetry breaking about which we make some plausible assumptions in our first simplified approach. In a second, more sophisticated approach we use three common breaking schemes in which all the soft breaking parameters at the electroweak scale can be calculated from only a handful of parameters. Within the second approach, we apply various phenomenological constraints on the supersymmetric parameters and find in this way new viable Yukawa coupling relations, for example y μ /y s =9/2 or 6 or y τ /y b =3/2 in SU(5). Furthermore, we study a special class of quark mass matrix textures for small tan β where θ u 13 =θ d 13 =0. We derive sum rules for the quark mixing parameters and find a simple relation between the two phases δ u 12 and δ d 12 and the right unitarity triangle angle α which suggests a simple phase structure for the quark mass matrices where one matrix element is purely imaginary and the remaining ones are purely real. To complement
New aspects of flavour model building in supersymmetric grand unification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Spinrath, Martin
2010-05-19
We derive predictions for Yukawa coupling ratios within Grand Unified Theories generated from operators with mass dimension four and five. These relations are a characteristic property of unified flavour models and can reduce the large number of free parameters related to the flavour sector of the Standard Model. The Yukawa couplings of the down-type quarks and charged leptons are affected within supersymmetric models by tan {beta}-enhanced threshold corrections which can be sizeable if tan {beta} is large. In this case their careful inclusion in the renormalisation group evolution is mandatory. We analyse these corrections and give simple analytic expressions and numerical estimates for them. The threshold corrections sensitively depend on the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters. Especially, they determine the overall sign of the corrections and therefore if the affected Yukawa couplings are enhanced or suppressed. In the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model many free parameters are introduced by supersymmetry breaking about which we make some plausible assumptions in our first simplified approach. In a second, more sophisticated approach we use three common breaking schemes in which all the soft breaking parameters at the electroweak scale can be calculated from only a handful of parameters. Within the second approach, we apply various phenomenological constraints on the supersymmetric parameters and find in this way new viable Yukawa coupling relations, for example y{sub {mu}}/y{sub s}=9/2 or 6 or y{sub {tau}}/y{sub b}=3/2 in SU(5). Furthermore, we study a special class of quark mass matrix textures for small tan {beta} where {theta}{sup u}{sub 13}={theta}{sup d}{sub 13}=0. We derive sum rules for the quark mixing parameters and find a simple relation between the two phases {delta}{sup u}{sub 12} and {delta}{sup d}{sub 12} and the right unitarity triangle angle {alpha} which suggests a simple phase structure for the quark mass matrices where
Nucleon electric dipole moments in high-scale supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hisano, Junji; Kobayashi, Daiki; Kuramoto, Wataru; Kuwahara, Takumi
2015-01-01
The electric dipole moments (EDMs) of electron and nucleons are promising probes of the new physics. In generic high-scale supersymmetric (SUSY) scenarios such as models based on mixture of the anomaly and gauge mediations, gluino has an additional contribution to the nucleon EDMs. In this paper, we studied the effect of the CP-violating gluon Weinberg operator induced by the gluino chromoelectric dipole moment in the high-scale SUSY scenarios, and we evaluated the nucleon and electron EDMs in the scenarios. We found that in the generic high-scale SUSY models, the nucleon EDMs may receive the sizable contribution from the Weinberg operator. Thus, it is important to compare the nucleon EDMs with the electron one in order to discriminate among the high-scale SUSY models.
Lepton Dipole Moments in Supersymmetric Low-Scale Seesaw Models
Ilakovac, Amon; Popov, Luka
2014-01-01
We study the anomalous magnetic and electric dipole moments of charged leptons in supersymmetric low-scale seesaw models with right-handed neutrino superfields. We consider a minimally extended framework of minimal supergravity, by assuming that CP violation originates from complex soft SUSY-breaking bilinear and trilinear couplings associated with the right-handed sneutrino sector. We present numerical estimates of the muon anomalous magnetic moment and the electron electric dipole moment (EDM), as functions of key model parameters, such as the Majorana mass scale mN and tan(\\beta). In particular, we find that the contributions of the singlet heavy neutrinos and sneutrinos to the electron EDM are naturally small in this model, of order 10^{-27} - 10^{-28} e cm, and can be probed in the present and future experiments.
Nucleon electric dipole moments in high-scale supersymmetric models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hisano, Junji [Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute for the Origin of Particles and the Universe (KMI),Nagoya University,Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Department of Physics, Nagoya University,Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS, University of Tokyo,Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8584 (Japan); Kobayashi, Daiki; Kuramoto, Wataru; Kuwahara, Takumi [Department of Physics, Nagoya University,Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan)
2015-11-12
The electric dipole moments (EDMs) of electron and nucleons are promising probes of the new physics. In generic high-scale supersymmetric (SUSY) scenarios such as models based on mixture of the anomaly and gauge mediations, gluino has an additional contribution to the nucleon EDMs. In this paper, we studied the effect of the CP-violating gluon Weinberg operator induced by the gluino chromoelectric dipole moment in the high-scale SUSY scenarios, and we evaluated the nucleon and electron EDMs in the scenarios. We found that in the generic high-scale SUSY models, the nucleon EDMs may receive the sizable contribution from the Weinberg operator. Thus, it is important to compare the nucleon EDMs with the electron one in order to discriminate among the high-scale SUSY models.
Neutron electric dipole moment in the minimal supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Inui, T.; Mimura, Y.; Sakai, N.; Sasaki, T.
1995-01-01
The neutron electric dipole moment (EDM) due to the single quark EDM and to the transition EDM is calculated in the minimal supersymmetric standard model. Assuming that the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix at the grand unification scale is the only source of CP violation, complex phases are induced in the parameters of soft supersymmetry breaking at low energies. The chargino one-loop diagram is found to give the dominant contribution of the order of 10 -27 similar 10 -29 e.cm for the quark EDM, assuming the light chargino mass and the universal scalar mass to be 50 GeV and 100 GeV, respectively. Therefore the neutron EDM in this class of model is difficult to measure experimentally. The gluino one-loop diagram also contributes due to the flavor changing gluino coupling. The transition EDM is found to give dominant contributions for certain parameter regions. (orig.)
Anatomy of Higgs mass in supersymmetric inverse seesaw models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chun, Eung Jin, E-mail: ejchun@kias.re.kr [Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of); Mummidi, V. Suryanarayana, E-mail: soori9@cts.iisc.ernet.in [Centre for High Energy Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Vempati, Sudhir K., E-mail: vempati@cts.iisc.ernet.in [Centre for High Energy Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)
2014-09-07
We compute the one loop corrections to the CP-even Higgs mass matrix in the supersymmetric inverse seesaw model to single out the different cases where the radiative corrections from the neutrino sector could become important. It is found that there could be a significant enhancement in the Higgs mass even for Dirac neutrino masses of O(30) GeV if the left-handed sneutrino soft mass is comparable or larger than the right-handed neutrino mass. In the case where right-handed neutrino masses are significantly larger than the supersymmetry breaking scale, the corrections can utmost account to an upward shift of 3 GeV. For very heavy multi TeV sneutrinos, the corrections replicate the stop corrections at 1-loop. We further show that general gauge mediation with inverse seesaw model naturally accommodates a 125 GeV Higgs with TeV scale stops.
Electroweak symmetry breaking in supersymmetric models with heavy scalar superpartners
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chankowski, Piotr H.; Falkowski, Adam; Pokorski, Stefan; Wagner, Jakub
2004-01-01
We propose a novel mechanism of electroweak symmetry breaking in supersymmetric models, as the one recently discussed by Birkedal, Chacko and Gaillard, in which the Standard Model Higgs doublet is a pseudo-Goldstone boson of some global symmetry. The Higgs mass parameter is generated at one-loop level by two different, moderately fine-tuned sources of the global symmetry breaking. The mechanism works for scalar superpartner masses of order 10 TeV, but gauginos can be light. The scale at which supersymmetry breaking is mediated to the visible sector has to be low, of order 100 TeV. Fine-tuning in the scalar potential is at least two orders of magnitude smaller than in the MSSM with similar soft scalar masses. The physical Higgs boson mass is (for tanβ >> 1) in the range 120-135 GeV
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics, spinors and the standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Woit, P.
1988-01-01
The quantization of the simplest supersymmetric quantum mechanical theory of a free fermion on a riemannian manifold requires the introduction of a complex structure on the tangent space. In 4 dimensions, the subgroup of the group of frame rotations that preserves the complex structure is SU(2) x U(1), and it is argued that this symmetry can be consistently interpreted to be an internal gauge symmetry for the analytically continued theory in Minkowski space. The states of the theory carry the quantum numbers of a generation of leptons in the Weinberg-Salam model. Examination of the geometry of spinors in four dimensions also provides a natural SU(3) symmetry and very simple construction of a multiplet with the standard model quantum numbers. (orig.)
Supersymmetric models with tan β close to unity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ananthanarayan, B.; Babu, K.S.; Shafi, Q.
1994-01-01
Within the framework of supersymmetric grand unification, estimates of the b quark mass based on the asymptotic relation m b similar eqm τ single out the region with tan β close to unity, particularly if m t (m t ) < or ∼170 GeV. We explore the radiative breaking of the electroweak symmetry and the associated sparticle and higgs spectroscopy in models with 1 < tan β< or ∼1.6. The lightest scalar higgs is expected to have a mass below 100 GeV, while the remaining four higgs masses exceed 300 GeV. The lower bounds on some of the sparticle masses are within the range of LEP 200. ((orig.))
Renormalization of supersymmetric models without using auxiliary fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Urbanek, P.
1986-01-01
Previously a linear representation of supersymmetry (Ss) was used in investigations of renormalizability. There auxiliary fields have been introduced in order that the Ss-algebra closes 'off-shell'. When the auxiliary fields are eliminated by their equations of motion, the Ss representation becomes nonlinear and Ss closes only 'on-shell'. Following O.Piguet and K.Sibold 1984 Ss is expressed through Ward identities which are formulated as functional variations of the generating functional of the Green functions. These functional operators form a closed algebra, a fact essential for the proof of renormalizability, which is given. It is not necessary to use a specific subtraction scheme in the Green functions. The procedure is applied to the Wess-Zumino model and the supersymmetric extension of the quantum electrodynamics. 15 refs. (qui)
Supersymmetric models for quarks and leptons with nonlinearly realized E8 symmetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ong, C.L.
1985-01-01
We propose three supersymmetric nonlinear sigma models with global symmetry E 8 . The models can accommodate three left-handed families of quarks and leptons without incurring the Adler-Bell-Jackiw anomaly with respect to either the standard SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1) gauge group, or the SU(5), or SO(10) grand unifying gauge group. They also predict unambiguously a right-handed, fourth family of quarks and leptons. In order to explore the structure of the models, we develop a differential-form formulation of the Kahler manifolds, resulting in general expressions for the curvature tensors and other geometrical objects in terms of the structure constants of the algebra, and the squashing parameters. These results, in turn, facilitate a general method for determining the Lagrangian to quartic order, and so the structure of the inherent four-fermion interactions of the models. We observe that the Kahlerian condition dω = 0 on the fundamental two-form ω greatly reduces the number of the independent squashing parameters. We also point out two plausible mechanisms for symmetry breaking, involving gravity
The electric dipole moment of the neutron in the left-right supersymmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frank, M.
1999-01-01
We calculate the neutron electric dipole moment (EDM) in the left-right supersymmetric model, including one-loop contributions from the chargino, the neutralino and the gluino diagrams. We discuss the dependence of the EDM on the phases of the model, as well as on the mass parameters in the left and right sectors. The neutron EDM imposes different conditions on the supersymmetric spectrum from either the electron EDM, or the neutron EDM in the minimal supersymmetric standard model. The neutron EDM may be a clue to an extended gauge structure in supersymmetry. (author)
The GRACE system for the minimal supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tanaka, H.; Kaneko, T.; Jimbo, M.; Kon, T.
1997-01-01
The algorithm of constructing the Feynman amplitudes for the GRACE system is extended to processes involving supersymmetric particles. New vertex amplitude subroutines needed to compute these processes are now part of the CHANEL library. (orig.)
Matrix models from localization of five-dimensional supersymmetric noncommutative U(1) gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lee, Bum-Hoon; Ro, Daeho; Yang, Hyun Seok
2017-01-01
We study localization of five-dimensional supersymmetric U(1) gauge theory on S 3 ×ℝ θ 2 where ℝ θ 2 is a noncommutative (NC) plane. The theory can be isomorphically mapped to three-dimensional supersymmetric U(N→∞) gauge theory on S 3 using the matrix representation on a separable Hilbert space on which NC fields linearly act. Therefore the NC space ℝ θ 2 allows for a flexible path to derive matrix models via localization from a higher-dimensional supersymmetric NC U(1) gauge theory. The result shows a rich duality between NC U(1) gauge theories and large N matrix models in various dimensions.
Neutrino mass from M theory SO(10)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Acharya, Bobby S.; Bożek, Krzysztof; Romão, Miguel Crispim; King, Stephen F.; Pongkitivanichkul, Chakrit
2016-01-01
We study the origin of neutrino mass from SO(10) arising from M Theory compactified on a G_2-manifold. This is linked to the problem of the breaking of the extra U(1) gauge group, in the SU(5)×U(1) subgroup of SO(10), which we show can achieved via a (generalised) Kolda-Martin mechanism. The resulting neutrino masses arise from a combination of the seesaw mechanism and induced R-parity breaking contributions. The rather complicated neutrino mass matrix is analysed for one neutrino family and it is shown how phenomenologically acceptable neutrino masses can emerge.
Neutrino mass from M theory SO(10)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Acharya, Bobby S. [Department of Physics, King’s College,WC2R 2LS, London (United Kingdom); International Centre for Theoretical Physics,I-34151 Trieste (Italy); Bożek, Krzysztof [Department of Physics, King’s College,WC2R 2LS, London (United Kingdom); Romão, Miguel Crispim; King, Stephen F. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton,SO17 1BJ, Southampton (United Kingdom); Pongkitivanichkul, Chakrit [Department of Physics, King’s College,WC2R 2LS, London (United Kingdom)
2016-11-29
We study the origin of neutrino mass from SO(10) arising from M Theory compactified on a G{sub 2}-manifold. This is linked to the problem of the breaking of the extra U(1) gauge group, in the SU(5)×U(1) subgroup of SO(10), which we show can achieved via a (generalised) Kolda-Martin mechanism. The resulting neutrino masses arise from a combination of the seesaw mechanism and induced R-parity breaking contributions. The rather complicated neutrino mass matrix is analysed for one neutrino family and it is shown how phenomenologically acceptable neutrino masses can emerge.
Leptogenesis in a Δ(27)×SO(10) SUSY GUT
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Björkeroth, Fredrik [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton,SO17 1BJ Southampton (United Kingdom); Anda, Francisco J. de [Departamento de Física, CUCEI, Universidad de Guadalajara,Guadalajara (Mexico); Varzielas, Ivo de Medeiros; King, Stephen F. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton,SO17 1BJ Southampton (United Kingdom)
2017-01-17
Although SO(10) Supersymmetric (SUSY) Grand Unification Theories (GUTs) are very attractive for neutrino mass and mixing, it is often quite difficult to achieve successful leptogenesis from the lightest right-handed neutrino N{sub 1} due to the strong relations between neutrino and up-type quark Yukawa couplings. We show that in a realistic model these constraints are relaxed, making N{sub 1} leptogenesis viable. To illustrate this, we calculate the baryon asymmetry of the Universe Y{sub B} from flavoured N{sub 1} leptogenesis in a recently proposed Δ(27)×SO(10) SUSY GUT. The flavoured Boltzmann equations are solved numerically, and comparison with the observed Y{sub B} places constraints on the allowed values of right-handed neutrino masses and neutrino Yukawa couplings. The flavoured SO(10) SUSY GUT is not only fairly complete and predictive in the lepton sector, but can also explain the BAU through leptogenesis with natural values in the lepton sector albeit with some tuning in the quark sector.
Dark Matter from the Supersymmetric Custodial Triplet Model
Delgado, Antonio; Ostdiek, Bryan; Quiros, Mariano
2015-01-01
The Supersymmetric Custodial Triplet Model (SCTM) adds to the particle content of the MSSM three $SU(2)_L$ triplet chiral superfields with hypercharge $Y=(0,\\pm1)$. At the superpotential level the model respects a global $SU(2)_L \\otimes SU(2)_R$ symmetry only broken by the Yukawa interactions. The pattern of vacuum expectation values of the neutral doublet and triplet scalar fields depends on the symmetry pattern of the Higgs soft breaking masses. We study the cases where this symmetry is maintained in the Higgs sector, and when it is broken only by the two doublets attaining different vacuum expectation values. In the former case, the symmetry is spontaneously broken down to the vectorial subgroup $SU(2)_V$ and the $\\rho$ parameter is protected by the custodial symmetry. However in both situations the $\\rho$ parameter is protected at tree level, allowing for light triplet scalars with large vacuum expectation values. We find that over a large range of parameter space, a light neutralino can supply the corre...
The hyper-Kaehler supersymmetric sigma-model in six dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sierra, G.; Townsend, P.K.
1983-01-01
The maximally supersymmetric, hyper-Kaehler, sigma-model is given in six-dimensional superfield form. The hyper-Kaehler condition follows from the requirements that the equations of motion be derivable from an action. (orig.)
Chiral Lagrangian calculation of nucleon branching ratios in the supersymmetric SU(5) model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chadha, S.; Daniel, M.
1983-12-01
The branching ratios are calculated for the two body nucleon decay modes involving pseudoscalars in the minimal SU(5) supersymmetric model with three generations using the techniques of chiral dynamics. (author)
No-scale SUGRA SO(10) Inflation
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Ila Garg
2017-10-09
Oct 9, 2017 ... In the present work, we study inflation in a renormal- izable grand unified theory based on the SO(10) gauge group with no-scale SUGRA. In this paper ..... This work was done in collaboration with Subhendra. Mohanty and is based on paper [29]. References. [1] A A Starobinsky, Phys. Lett. B 91, 99 (1980).
The gauge-invariant N=2 supersymmetric sigma-model with general scalar potential
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sierra, G.; Townsend, P.K.
1984-01-01
We construct the supersymmetric sigma-model, in six dimensions, for an arbitrary hyper-Kaehler manifold, and its minimal coupling to super-Yang-Mills theory. Non-trivial reduction to five or four dimensions yields the corresponding five- or four-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric model with general scalar potential. We discuss briefly the coupling to supergravity in six dimensions and we give the on-shell supergravity torsion constraints. (orig.)
(4,0) supersymmetric sigma-model and t-duality
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lhallabi, T.
1997-08-01
The conserved supercurrents J ++ and J -- are deduced for the (4,0) supersymmetric sigma model on harmonic superspace with arbitrary background gauge connection. These are introduced in the Lagrangian density of the model by their couplings to the analytic gauge superfields Γ -- and Γ ++ . The T-duality transformations are obtained by integrating out the analytic gauge superfields. Finally the (4,0) supersymmetric anomaly is derived. (author). 20 refs
Chargino and neutralino production at the Large Hadron Collider in left-right supersymmetric models
Alloul, Adam; Fuks, Benjamin; Rausch de Traubenberg, Michel
2013-10-04
We present a complete and extensive analysis of associated chargino and neutralino production in the framework of a supersymmetric theory augmented by left-right symmetry. This model provides additional gaugino and higgsino states in both the neutral and charged sectors, thus potentially enhancing new physics signals at the LHC. For a choice of benchmark scenarios, we calculate cross sections for 7, 8 and 14 TeV. We then simulate events expected to be produced at the LHC, and classify them according to the number of leptons in the final state. We devise methods to reduce the background and compare the signals with consistently simulated events for the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We pinpoint promising scenarios where left-right symmetric supersymmetric signals can be distinguished both from background and from the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model events.
On Newton's law in supersymmetric braneworld models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Palma, G.A.
2007-05-15
We study the propagation of gravitons within 5-D supersymmetric braneworld models with a bulk scalar field. The setup considered here consists of a 5-D bulk spacetime bounded by two 4-D branes localized at the fixed points of an S{sup 1}/Z{sub 2} orbifold. There is a scalar field {phi} in the bulk which, provided a superpotential W({phi}), determines the warped geometry of the 5-D spacetime. This type of scenario is common in string theory, where the bulk scalar field {phi} is related to the volume of small compact extra dimensions. We show that, after the moduli are stabilized by supersymmetry breaking terms localized on the branes, the only relevant degrees of freedom in the bulk consist of a 5-D massive spectrum of gravitons. Then we analyze the gravitational interaction between massive bodies localized at the positive tension brane mediated by these bulk gravitons. It is shown that the Newtonian potential describing this interaction picks up a non-trivial contribution at short distances that depends on the shape of the superpotential W({phi}). We compute this contribution for dilatonic braneworld scenarios W({phi})=e{sup {alpha}}{sup {phi}} (where {alpha} is a constant) and discuss the particular case of 5-D Heterotic M-theory: It is argued that a specific footprint at micron scales could be observable in the near future. (orig.)
Electroweak precision observables in the minimal supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Heinemeyer, S.; Hollik, W.; Weiglein, G.
2006-01-01
The current status of electroweak precision observables in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) is reviewed. We focus in particular on the W boson mass, M W , the effective leptonic weak mixing angle, sin 2 θ eff , the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (g-2) μ , and the lightest CP-even MSSM Higgs boson mass, m h . We summarize the current experimental situation and the status of the theoretical evaluations. An estimate of the current theoretical uncertainties from unknown higher-order corrections and from the experimental errors of the input parameters is given. We discuss future prospects for both the experimental accuracies and the precision of the theoretical predictions. Confronting the precision data with the theory predictions within the unconstrained MSSM and within specific SUSY-breaking scenarios, we analyse how well the data are described by the theory. The mSUGRA scenario with cosmological constraints yields a very good fit to the data, showing a clear preference for a relatively light mass scale of the SUSY particles. The constraints on the parameter space from the precision data are discussed, and it is shown that the prospective accuracy at the next generation of colliders will enhance the sensitivity of the precision tests very significantly
Successful leptogenesis in SO(10 unification with a left–right symmetric seesaw mechanism
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Asmaa Abada
2009-03-01
Full Text Available We study thermal leptogenesis in a broad class of supersymmetric SO(10 models with a left–right symmetric seesaw mechanism, taking into account flavour effects and the contribution of the next-to-lightest right-handed neutrino supermultiplet. Assuming MD=Mu and a normal hierarchy of light neutrino masses, we show that four out of the eight right-handed neutrino mass spectra reconstructed from low-energy neutrino data can lead to successful leptogenesis with a reheating temperature in the (109–1010 GeV range. In the remaining four solutions, leptogenesis is dominated by N2 decays, as in the type I seesaw case. We find that some of these spectra can generate the observed baryon asymmetry for reheating temperatures above 1010 GeV, in contrast to the type I case. Together with flavour effects, an accurate description of charged fermion masses turns out to be a crucial ingredient in the analysis.
Bardeen-anomaly and Wess-Zumino term in the supersymmetric standard model
Ferrara, Sergio; Porrati, Massimo; Stora, Raymond Félix
1994-01-01
We construct the Bardeen anomaly and its related Wess-Zumino term in the supersymmetric standard model. In particular we show that it can be written in terms of a composite linear superfield related to supersymmetrized Chern-Simons forms, in very much the same way as the Green-Schwarz term in four-dimensional string theory. Some physical applications, such as the contribution to the g-2 of gauginos when a heavy top is integrated out, are briefly discussed.
Low energy supersymmetric models for several generations and proton decay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Deo, B.B.; Sarkar, U.
1983-08-01
It is found that by invoking additional horizontal gauge symmetries required to explain the generational structure the low energy standard supersymmetric unified theories avoid the renormalizable unsuppressed baryon number violating interactions in a natural way. Theories considered here are anomaly-free by construction. (author)
Higgs boson masses in a non-minimal supersymmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tiesi, Alessandro
2002-01-01
A study of the neutral Higgs spectrum in a general Z 3 -breaking Next to Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) is reported in several significant contexts. Particular attention has been devoted to the upper bound on lightest Higgs boson. In the CP-conserving case we show that the extra terms involved in the general Z 3 -breaking superpotential do not affect the upper bound which remains unchanged: it is ∼ 136 GeV when tan β = 2.7. The Spontaneous CP Violation scenario in the Z 3 -breaking NMSSM can occur at tree-level. When the phases of the fields are small the spectrum shows the lightest Higgs particle to be an almost singlet CP-odd. The second lightest particle, a doublet almost-CP-even state, still manifests the upper bound of the CP-conserving case. When the CP-violating phases are large the lightest particle is a doublet with no definite CP parity and its mass shows the usual upper bound at ∼ 136 GeV. The large number of parameters involved in the effective potential can be significantly reduced in the Infrared Quasi Fixed Point (IRQFP) resulting after solving the Renormalization Group (RG) equations assuming universality for the soft SUSY breaking masses. In the Z 3 -breaking NMSSM, unlike the Z 3 -conserving NMSSM, it is possible to find a Higgs spectrum which is still compatible with both experiment and universality at the unification scale. Because in the IRQFP regime tan β ∼ 1.8 and the stop mixing parameter is reduced then the upper bound on the lightest Higgs boson turns out to be ∼ 121 GeV. This result is compatible with experimental data coming from LEPII and might be one of the next predictions to be tested at hadron collider experiments. (author)
Higgs particles in the standard model and supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Muehlleitner, M.M.
2000-08-01
This thesis presents a theoretical analysis of the properties of the Higgs bosons in the standard model (SM) and the minimal supersymmetric extension (MSSM), which can be investigated at the LHC and e + e - linear colliders. The final goal is the reconstruction of the Higgs potential and thus the verification of the Higgs mechanism. MSSM Higgs boson production processes at future γγ colliders are calculated in several decay channels. Heavy scalar and pseudoscalar Higgs bosons can be discovered in the bb final state in the investigated mass range 200 to 800 GeV for moderate and large values of tanβ. The τ + τ - channel provides a heavy Higgs boson discovery potential for large values of tanβ. Several mechanisms that can be exploited at e + e - linear colliders for the measurement of the lifetime of a SM Higgs boson in the intermediate mass range are analysed. In the WW mode, the lifetime of Higgs scalars with masses below ∝160 GeV can be determined with an error less than 10%. The reconstruction of the Higgs potential requires the measurement of the Higgs self-couplings. The SM and MSSM trilinear Higgs self-couplings are accessible in double and triple Higgs production. A theoretical analysis is presented in the relevant channels at the LHC and e + e - linear colliders. For high luminosities, the SM trilinear Higgs self-coupling can be measured with an accuracy of 20% at a 500 GeV e + e - linear collider. The MSSM coupling among three light Higgs bosons has to be extracted from continuum production. The other trilinear Higgs couplings are measurable in a restricted range of the MSSM parameter space. At the LHC, the Hhh coupling can be probed in resonant decays. (orig.)
Natural gauge hierarchy in SO(10)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Babu, K.S.; Barr, S.M.
1994-01-01
It is shown that a natural gauge hierarchy and doublet-triplet splitting can be achieved in SO(10) using the Dimopoulos-Wilczek mechanism. Artificial cancellations (fine-tuning) and arbitrary forms of the superpotential are avoided, the superpotential being the most general compatible with a symmetry. It is shown by example that the Dimopoulos-Wilczek mechanism can be protected against the effects of higher-dimension operators possibly induced by Planck-scale physics. Natural implementation of the mechanisms leads to an automatic Peccei-Quinn symmetry. The same local symmetries that would protect the gauge hierarchy against Planck-scale effects tend to protect the axion also. How realistic quark and lepton masses might arise in this framework is discussed. It is shown how the theory may remain perturbative up to the Planck scale. It is also argued that ''weak suppression'' of proton decay can be implemented more economically than can ''strong suppression,'' offering some grounds to hope [in the context of SO(10)] that proton decay could be seen at SuperKamiokande
On q-deformed supersymmetric classical mechanical models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Colatto, L.P.; Matheus Valle, J.L.
1995-10-01
Based on the idea of quantum groups and paragrassmann variables, we present a generalization of supersymmetric classical mechanics with a deformation parameter q=exp 2πi/k dealing with the k=3 case. The coordinates of the q-superspace are a commuting parameter t and a paragrassmann variable θ, where θ 3 =0. The generator and covariant derivative are obtained, as well as the action for some possible superfields. (author). 13 refs
No-scale SUGRA SO(10) inflation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Garg, Ila
2017-01-01
We show that a renormalizable theory based on gauge group SO(10) and Higgs system 10⊕210⊕126⊕126 with no scale supergravity can lead to a Starobinsky kind of potential for inflation. Successful inflation is possible in cases where the potential during inflation corresponds to SU(3)_C×SU(2)_L×SU(2)_R×U(1)_B_−_L, SU(5)×U(1) and flipped SU(5) × U(1) symmetries with suitable choice of superpotential parameters. The reheating in such a scenario can occur via non-perturbative decay of inflaton, i.e. through ‘preheating’. After the end of reheating, when Universe cools down, the finite-temperature potential can have a minimum which corresponds to MSSM. (author)
N = 1 supersymmetric indices and the four-dimensional A-model
Closset, Cyril; Kim, Heeyeon; Willett, Brian
2017-08-01
We compute the supersymmetric partition function of N = 1 supersymmetric gauge theories with an R-symmetry on M_4\\cong M_{g,p}× {S}^1 , a principal elliptic fiber bundle of degree p over a genus- g Riemann surface, Σ g . Equivalently, we compute the generalized supersymmetric index I_{M}{_{g,p}, with the supersymmetric three-manifold M_{g,p} as the spatial slice. The ordinary N = 1 supersymmetric index on the round three-sphere is recovered as a special case. We approach this computation from the point of view of a topological A-model for the abelianized gauge fields on the base Σ g . This A-model — or A-twisted two-dimensional N = (2 , 2) gauge theory — encodes all the information about the generalized indices, which are viewed as expectations values of some canonically-defined surface defects wrapped on T 2 inside Σ g × T 2. Being defined by compactification on the torus, the A-model also enjoys natural modular properties, governed by the four-dimensional 't Hooft anomalies. As an application of our results, we provide new tests of Seiberg duality. We also present a new evaluation formula for the three-sphere index as a sum over two-dimensional vacua.
Finiteness of Ricci flat supersymmetric non-linear sigma-models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alvarez-Gaume, L.; Ginsparg, P.
1985-01-01
Combining the constraints of Kaehler differential geometry with the universality of the normal coordinate expansion in the background field method, we study the ultraviolet behavior of 2-dimensional supersymmetric non-linear sigma-models with target space an arbitrary riemannian manifold M. We show that the constraint of N=2 supersymmetry requires that all counterterms to the metric beyond one-loop order are cohomologically trivial. It follows that such supersymmetric non-linear sigma-models defined on locally symmetric spaces are super-renormalizable and that N=4 models are on-shell ultraviolet finite to all orders of perturbation theory. (orig.)
Desrosiers, P; Mathieu, P; Desrosiers, Patrick; Lapointe, Luc; Mathieu, Pierre
2003-01-01
We present two constructions of the orthogonal eigenfunctions of the supersymmetric extension of the rational Calogero-Moser-Sutherland model with harmonic confinement. These eigenfunctions are the superspace extension of the generalized Hermite (or Hi-Jack) polynomials. The conserved quantities of the rational supersymmetric model are first related to their trigonometric relatives through a similarity transformation. This leads to a simple expression for the generalized Hermite superpolynomials as a differential operator acting on the corresponding Jack superpolynomials. The second construction relies on the action of the Hamiltonian on the supermonomial basis. This translates into determinantal expressions for the Hamiltonian's eigenfunctions. As an aside, the maximal superintegrability of the supersymmetric rational Calogero-Moser-Sutherland model is demonstrated.
Predictions for m{sub t} and M{sub W} in minimal supersymmetric models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buchmueller, O. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom). High Energy Physics Group; Cavanaugh, R. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States); Illinois Univ., Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics; Roeck, A. de [European Lab. for Particle Physics (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Universitaire Instelling Antwerpen, Wilrijk (Belgium); Ellis, J.R. [European Lab. for Particle Physics (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Flaecher, H. [Rochester Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Heinemeyer, S. [Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria, Santander (Spain); Isidori, G. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati (Italy); Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Inst. for Advanced Study; Olive, K.A. [Minnesota Univ., Minnesota, MN (United States). William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute; Ronga, F.J. [ETH Zuerich (Switzerland). Institute for Particle Physics; Weiglein, G. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2009-12-15
Using a frequentist analysis of experimental constraints within two versions of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model, we derive the predictions for the top quark mass, m{sub t}, and the W boson mass, m{sub W}. We find that the supersymmetric predictions for both m{sub t} and m{sub W}, obtained by incorporating all the relevant experimental information and state-of-the-art theoretical predictions, are highly compatible with the experimental values with small remaining uncertainties, yielding an improvement compared to the case of the Standard Model. (orig.)
N=12 supersymmetric four-dimensional nonlinear σ-models from nonanticommutative superspace
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hatanaka, Tomoya; Ketov, Sergei V.; Kobayashi, Yoshishige; Sasaki, Shin
2005-01-01
The component structure of a generic N=1/2 supersymmetric nonlinear sigma-model (NLSM) defined in the four-dimensional (Euclidean) nonanticommutative (NAC) superspace is investigated in detail. The most general NLSM is described in terms of arbitrary Kahler potential, and chiral and antichiral superpotentials. The case of a single chiral superfield gives rise to splitting of the NLSM potentials, whereas the case of several chiral superfields results in smearing (or fuzziness) of the NLSM potentials, while both effects are controlled by the auxiliary fields. We eliminate the auxiliary fields by solving their algebraic equations of motion, and demonstrate that the results are dependent upon whether the auxiliary integrations responsible for the fuzziness are performed before or after elimination of the auxiliary fields. There is no ambiguity in the case of splitting, i.e., for a single chiral superfield. Fully explicit results are derived in the case of the N=1/2 supersymmetric NAC-deformed CP n NLSM in four dimensions. Here we find another surprise that our results differ from the N=1/2 supersymmetric CP n NLSM derived by the quotient construction from the N=1/2 supersymmetric NAC-deformed gauge theory. We conclude that an N=1/2 supersymmetric deformation of a generic NLSM from the NAC superspace is not unique
Antisymmetric Higgs representation in SO(10) for neutrinos
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Oshimo, Noriyuki
2002-01-01
A model based on SO(10) grand unified theory (GUT) and supersymmetry is presented to describe phenomena observed for neutrinos. The large mixing angles among different generations, together with the small masses, are attributed to the Higgs boson structure at the GUT energy scale. Quantitative discussions of these observables are given, taking into account their energy evolution
Hyperkaehlerian manifolds and exact β functions of two-dimensional N=4 supersymmetric σ models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Morozov, A.Yu.; Perelomov, A.M.
1984-01-01
Two-dimensional supersymmetric sigma-models on cotangent bundles over CPsup(n) are investigated. These mannfolds are supplied with hyperkaehlerian metrics, and the corresponding σ-models possess N=4 supersymmetry. Also they admit instantonic solutions, which permits to apply the Novikov-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zakharov method and calculate exact β-functions. βsup(gsup(2)) = 0, as was expected
Bethe ansatz solution of the closed anisotropic supersymmetric U model with quantum supersymmetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hibberd, Katrina; Roditi, Itzhak; Links, Jon; Foerster, Angela
1999-11-01
The nested algebraic Bethe Ansatz is presented for the anisotropic supersymmetric U model maintaining quantum a supersymmetry. The Bethe Ansatz equations of the model are obtained on a one-dimensional closed lattice and an expression for the energy is given. (author)
Triviality bound on lightest Higgs mass in next to minimal supersymmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Choudhury, S.R.; Mamta; Dutta, Sukanta
1998-01-01
We study the implication of triviality on Higgs sector in next to minimal supersymmetric model (NMSSM) using variational field theory. It is shown that the mass of the lightest Higgs boson in NMSSM has an upper bound ∼ 10 M w which is of the same order as that in the standard model. (author)
Ema, Yohei; Hagihara, Daisuke; Hamaguchi, Koichi; Moroi, Takeo; Nakayama, Kazunori
2018-04-01
Recently, a new minimal extension of the Standard Model has been proposed, where a spontaneously broken, flavor-dependent global U(1) symmetry is introduced. It not only explains the hierarchical flavor structure in the quark and lepton sector, but also solves the strong CP problem by identifying the Nambu-Goldstone boson as the QCD axion, which we call flaxion. In this work, we consider supersymmetric extensions of the flaxion scenario. We study the CP and flavor violations due to supersymmetric particles, the effects of R-parity violations, the cosmological gravitino and axino problems, and the cosmological evolution of the scalar partner of the flaxion, sflaxion. We also propose an attractor-like inflationary model where the flaxion multiplet contains the inflaton field, and show that a consistent cosmological scenario can be obtained, including inflation, leptogenesis, and dark matter.
The vacuum of the minimal nonsupersymmetric SO(10) unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bertolini, Stefano; Di Luzio, Luca; Malinsky, Michal
2010-01-01
We study a class of nonsupersymmetric SO(10) grand-unified scenarios where the first stage of the symmetry breaking is driven by the vacuum expectation values of the 45-dimensional adjoint representation. Three-decade-old results claim that such a Higgs setting may lead exclusively to the flipped SU(5) x U(1) intermediate stage. We show that this conclusion is actually an artifact of the tree-level potential. The study of the accidental global symmetries emerging in various limits of the scalar potential offers a simple understanding of the tree-level result and a rationale for the drastic impact of quantum corrections. We scrutinize in detail the simplest and paradigmatic case of the 45 H +16 H Higgs sector triggering the breaking of SO(10) to the standard electroweak model. We show that the minimization of the one-loop effective potential allows for intermediate SU(4) C x SU(2) L x U(1) R and SU(3) c x SU(2) L x SU(2) R x U(1) B-L symmetric stages as well. These are the options favored by gauge unification. Our results, that apply whenever the SO(10) breaking is triggered by H >, open the path for hunting the simplest realistic scenario of nonsupersymmetric SO(10) grand unification.
Non-renormalizability of supersymmetric non-linear sigma models in four dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Spence, B.
1985-01-01
The one-loop, on-shell, ultraviolet-divergent part of the effective action is calculated for the N=1 and 2 supersymmetric non-linear sigma models in four dimensions. These infinities cannot be absorbed into a redefinition of the bare Kaehler potential and the theories are not renormalizable. (orig.)
Production and decay of neutralinos in the nonminimal supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Franke, F.
1995-01-01
In this thesis after a presentation of the nonminimal supersymmetric standard model the lower mass limits for neutralinos and Higgs bosons are calculated. Then some typical scenarios for the study of the neutralino production and decay at LEP2 are constructed, for which the cross sections are calculated. (HSI)
N=2, D=4 supersymmetric σ-models and Hamiltonian mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Galperin, A.; Ogievetsky, V.
1991-05-01
A deep similarity is established between the Hamiltonian mechanics of point particle and supersymmetric N=2, D=4 σ-models formulated within harmonic superspace. An essential part of the latter, the sphere S 2 , comes out as a counterpart of the time variable. (author). 7 refs
The neutrino masses in SO(10) grand unified theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Leontaris, G.K.; Vergados, J.D.; Ioannina Univ.
1987-01-01
The neutrino masses and mixing are investigated in an SO(10) model in which the ten-dimensional and 126-dimensional representations are allowed to obtain vacuum expectation values. The parameters specifying the heavy Majorana neutrino mass matrix are constrained from the cosmological bound of light neutrino masses and the limits from ν μ ↔ ν τ oscillations. The implications of our model on 0ν-ββ decay and muon-number violating processes are explored. (orig.)
Futility of high-precision SO(10) calculations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dixit, V.V.; Sher, M.
1989-01-01
In grand unified models, there are a large number of scalar bosons with masses of the order of the unification scale. Since the masses could be an order of magnitude or so above or below the vector-boson masses, they will affect the beta functions and thus low-energy predictions; the lack of knowledge of the masses translates into an uncertainty in these predictions. Although the effect is very small for a single scalar field, SO(10) models have hundreds of such fields, leading to very large uncertainties. We analyze this effect in SO(10) models with intermediate scales, and show that all such models have an additional uncertainty which can be as large as 4 orders of magnitude in the proton lifetime and as large as a factor of 0.02 in sin 2 θ w . In models with 210-dimensional representations, the weak mixing angle is uncertain by as much as 0.06. As a result, we argue that precise calculations in SO(10) models with intermediate scales may not be possible
LHC constraints on Yukawa unification in SO(10)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Badziak, Marcin [Cambridge Univ. (United Kingdom). Centre for Mathematical Sciences; Cambridge Univ. (United Kingdom). Cavendish Lab.; Sakurai, Kazuki [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2011-12-15
LHC constraints on the recently proposed SUSY SO(10) GUT model with top-bottom-tau Yukawa uni cation are investigated. In this model, various phenomenological constraints are in concord with Yukawa uni cation thanks to the negative sign of {mu}, D-term splitting in the soft scalar masses and non-universal gaugino masses generated by non-zero F-term in a 24-dimensional representation of SU(5) is contained in SO(10). After discussing the impact of the CP-odd Higgs boson mass bound on this model, we provide a detailed analysis of the recent direct SUSY searches performed by ATLAS and investigate the constraints on this SO(10) model. At 95% confidence level, the lower limit on the gluino mass is found at 675 GeV. Assuming an integrated luminosity of 10 fb{sup -1}, this bound may be extended to 1.1 TeV if the right-handed down squark is lighter than about 1 TeV. (orig.)
Decaying dark matter in supersymmetric SU(5) models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Luo Mingxing; Wang Liucheng; Wu Wei; Zhu Guohuai
2010-01-01
Motivated by recent observations from PAMELA, Fermi and H.E.S.S., we consider dark matter decays in the framework of supersymmetric SU(5) grand unification theories. An SU(5) singlet S is assumed to be the main component of dark matters, which decays into visible particles through dimension six operators suppressed by the grand unification scale. Under certain conditions, S decays dominantly into a pair of sleptons with universal coupling for all generations. Subsequently, electrons and positrons are produced from cascade decays of these sleptons. These cascade decay chains smooth the e + +e - spectrum, which permit naturally a good fit to the Fermi-LAT data. The observed positron fraction upturn by PAMELA can be reproduced simultaneously. We have also calculated diffuse gamma-ray spectra due to the e ± excesses and compared them with the preliminary Fermi-LAT data from 0.1 GeV to 10 GeV in the region 0 deg. ≤l≤ 360 deg., 10 deg. ≤|b|≤20 deg. The photon spectrum of energy above 100 GeV, mainly from final state radiations, may be checked in the near future.
Implications of improved Higgs mass calculations for supersymmetric models.
Buchmueller, O; Dolan, M J; Ellis, J; Hahn, T; Heinemeyer, S; Hollik, W; Marrouche, J; Olive, K A; Rzehak, H; de Vries, K J; Weiglein, G
We discuss the allowed parameter spaces of supersymmetric scenarios in light of improved Higgs mass predictions provided by FeynHiggs 2.10.0. The Higgs mass predictions combine Feynman-diagrammatic results with a resummation of leading and subleading logarithmic corrections from the stop/top sector, which yield a significant improvement in the region of large stop masses. Scans in the pMSSM parameter space show that, for given values of the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters, the new logarithmic contributions beyond the two-loop order implemented in FeynHiggs tend to give larger values of the light CP-even Higgs mass, [Formula: see text], in the region of large stop masses than previous predictions that were based on a fixed-order Feynman-diagrammatic result, though the differences are generally consistent with the previous estimates of theoretical uncertainties. We re-analyse the parameter spaces of the CMSSM, NUHM1 and NUHM2, taking into account also the constraints from CMS and LHCb measurements of [Formula: see text]and ATLAS searches for [Formula: see text] events using 20/fb of LHC data at 8 TeV. Within the CMSSM, the Higgs mass constraint disfavours [Formula: see text], though not in the NUHM1 or NUHM2.
Implications of improved Higgs mass calculations for supersymmetric models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buchmueller, O. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom). High Energy Physics Group; Dolan, M.J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Theory Group; Ellis, J. [King' s College, London (United Kingdom). Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group; and others
2014-03-15
We discuss the allowed parameter spaces of supersymmetric scenarios in light of improved Higgs mass predictions provided by FeynHiggs 2.10.0. The Higgs mass predictions combine Feynman-diagrammatic results with a resummation of leading and subleading logarithmic corrections from the stop/top sector, which yield a significant improvement in the region of large stop masses. Scans in the pMSSM parameter space show that, for given values of the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters, the new logarithmic contributions beyond the two-loop order implemented in FeynHiggs tend to give larger values of the light CP-even Higgs mass, M{sub h}, in the region of large stop masses than previous predictions that were based on a fixed-order Feynman-diagrammatic result, though the differences are generally consistent with the previous estimates of theoretical uncertainties. We re-analyze the parameter spaces of the CMSSM, NUHM1 and NUHM2, taking into account also the constraints from CMS and LHCb measurements of BR(B{sub s}→μ{sup +}μ{sup -}) and ATLAS searches for E{sub T} events using 20/fb of LHC data at 8 TeV. Within the CMSSM, the Higgs mass constraint disfavours tan β
Complete integrability of the supersymmetric model (cos phi)/sub ell/
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kulish, P.P.; Tsyplyaev, S.A.
1986-01-01
Complete integrability of the supersymmetric, two-dimensional sine-Gordon model of field theory within the framework of the Hamiltonian interpretation of the method of the inverse problem is proved. The classical r-matrix of the model is computed, and its equivalence to the r-matrix the Grassmann Thirring model is established. Variables of creation-annihilation type are constructed, and the spectrum of elementary excitations of the system is obtained
Detailed analysis of the continuum limit of a supersymmetric lattice model in 1D
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Huijse, L
2011-01-01
We present a full identification of lattice model properties with their field theoretical counterparts in the continuum limit for a supersymmetric model for itinerant spinless fermions on a one-dimensional chain. The continuum limit of this model is described by an N=(2,2) superconformal field theory (SCFT) with central charge c = 1. We identify states and operators in the lattice model with fields in the SCFT and we relate boundary conditions on the lattice to sectors in the field theory. We use the dictionary we develop in this paper to give a pedagogical explanation of a powerful tool to study supersymmetric models based on spectral flow (Huijse 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 146406). Finally, we employ the developed machinery to explain numerically observed properties of the particle density on the open chain presented in Beccaria and De Angelis (2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 100401)
More supersymmetric standardlike models from intersecting D6-branes on type IIA orientifolds
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cvetic, Mirjam; Papadimitriou, Ioannis
2003-01-01
We present new classes of supersymmetric standardlike models from a type IIA T 6 /(Z 2 xZ 2 ) orientifold with intersecting D6-branes. D6-branes can wrap general supersymmetric three-cycles of T 6 =T 2 xT 2 xT 2 , and any T 2 is allowed to be tilted. The models still suffer from additional exotics; however, we obtain solutions with fewer Higgs doublets, as well as models with all three families of left-handed quarks and leptons arising from the same intersecting sector, and examples of a genuine left-right symmetric model with three copies of left-handed and right-handed families of quarks and leptons
Targeting the minimal supersymmetric standard model with the compact muon solenoid experiment
Bein, Samuel Louis
An interpretation of CMS searches for evidence of supersymmetry in the context of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) is given. It is found that supersymmetric particles with color charge are excluded in the mass range below about 400 GeV, but neutral and weakly-charged sparticles remain non-excluded in all mass ranges. Discussion of the non-excluded regions of the model parameter space is given, including details on the strengths and weaknesses of existing searches, and recommendations for future analysis strategies. Advancements in the modeling of events arising from quantum chromodynamics and electroweak boson production, which are major backgrounds in searches for new physics at the LHC, are also presented. These methods have been implemented as components of CMS searches for supersymmetry in proton-proton collisions resulting in purely hadronic events (i.e., events with no identified leptons) at a center of momentum energy of 13 TeV. These searches, interpreted in the context of simplified models, exclude supersymmetric gluons (gluinos) up to masses of 1400 to 1600 GeV, depending on the model considered, and exclude scalar top quarks with masses up to about 800 GeV, assuming a massless lightest supersymmetric particle. A search for non-excluded supersymmetry models is also presented, which uses multivariate discriminants to isolate potential signal candidate events. The search achieves sensitivity to new physics models in background-dominated kinematic regions not typically considered by analyses, and rules out supersymmetry models that survived 7 and 8 TeV searches performed by CMS.
Beta functions and central charge of supersymmetric sigma models with torsion
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Guadagnini, E.; Mintchev, M.
1987-01-01
We present a method for the computation of the renormalization group β-functions and the central charge in two-dimensional supersymmetric sigma models in a gravitational background. The two-loops results are exhibited. We use the Pauli-Villars regularization which preserves supersymmetry and permits an unambiguous treatment of the model with torsion. The central charge we derive for a general manifold is in agreement with the expression found on group manifolds. (orig.)
arXiv Supersymmetric gauged matrix models from dimensional reduction on a sphere
Closset, Cyril; Seong, Rak-Kyeong
2018-05-04
It was recently proposed that $ \\mathcal{N} $ = 1 supersymmetric gauged matrix models have a duality of order four — that is, a quadrality — reminiscent of infrared dualities of SQCD theories in higher dimensions. In this note, we show that the zero-dimensional quadrality proposal can be inferred from the two-dimensional Gadde-Gukov-Putrov triality. We consider two-dimensional $ \\mathcal{N} $ = (0, 2) SQCD compactified on a sphere with the half-topological twist. For a convenient choice of R-charge, the zero-mode sector on the sphere gives rise to a simple $ \\mathcal{N} $ = 1 gauged matrix model. Triality on the sphere then implies a triality relation for the supersymmetric matrix model, which can be completed to the full quadrality.
Baryon-number generation in supersymmetric unified models: the effect of supermassive fermions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kolb, E.W.; Raby, S.
1983-01-01
In supersymmetric unified models, baryon-number-violating reactions may be mediated by supermassive fermions in addition to the usual supermassive bosons. The effective low-energy baryon-number-violating cross section for fermion-mediated reactions is sigma/sub DeltaB/approx.g 4 /m 2 , where g is a coupling constant and m is the supermassive fermion mass, as opposed to sigma/sub DeltaB/approx.g 4 s/m 4 for scalar- or vector-mediated reactions (√s is the center-of-mass energy). Since the fermion-mediated cross section is larger at low energy, it is more effective at damping the baryon number produced in decay of the supermassive particles. In this paper we calculate baryon-number generation in models with fermion-mediated baryon-number-violating reactions, and discuss implications for supersymmetric model building
Application to supersymmetric models of Dirac-kaehler formalism on the lattice
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zimerman, A.H.
1987-01-01
Using Dirac-Kaehler techniques we formulate some supersymmetric models on the lattice. Specifically we consider the Wess-Zumino model with N=2 in two dimensions which is formulated on a space lattice in its Hamiltonian version (continuous time) as well as on the space-time lattice in its Lagrangean version (euclidean space). On the space lattice (Hamiltonian formulation) we study also the supersymmetric Yanh-Mills model with N=4 in four dimensions. After the introduction of lattice covariant derivatives for fields in the adjoint representation of a compact group we write down some new relations which we have obtained and which constitute generalizations on the lattice of those which are known in the continuous case. (author) [pt
Stochastic quantization of field theories on the lattice and supersymmetrical models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aldazabal, Gerardo.
1984-01-01
Several aspects of the stochastic quantization method are considered. Specifically, field theories on the lattice and supersymmetrical models are studied. A non-linear sigma model is studied firstly, and it is shown that it is possible to obtain evolution equations written directly for invariant quantities. These ideas are generalized to obtain Langevin equations for the Wilson loops of non-abelian lattice gauge theories U (N) and SU (N). In order to write these equations, some different ways of introducing the constraints which the fields must satisfy are discussed. It is natural to have a strong coupling expansion in these equations. The correspondence with quantum field theory is established, and it is noticed that at all orders in the perturbation theory, Langevin equations reduce to Schwinger-Dyson equations. From another point of view, stochastic quantization is applied to large N matrix models on the lattice. As a result, a simple and systematic way of building reduced models is found. Referring to stochastic quantization in supersymmetric theories, a simple supersymmetric model is studied. It is shown that it is possible to write an evolution equation for the superfield wich leads to quantum field theory results in equilibrium. As the Langevin equation preserves supersymmetry, the property of dimensional reduction known for the quantum model is shown to be valid at all times. (M.E.L.) [es
Constraining Proton Lifetime in SO(10) with Stabilized Doublet-Triplet Splitting
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Babu, K.S.; /Oklahoma State U.; Pati, Jogesh C.; /SLAC; Tavartkiladze, Zurab; /Oklahoma State U. /Tbilisi, Inst. Phys.
2011-06-28
We present a class of realistic unified models based on supersymmetric SO(10) wherein issues related to natural doublet-triplet (DT) splitting are fully resolved. Using a minimal set of low dimensional Higgs fields which includes a single adjoint, we show that the Dimopoulos-Wilzcek mechanism for DT splitting can be made stable in the presence of all higher order operators without having pseudo-Goldstone bosons and flat directions. The {mu} term of order TeV is found to be naturally induced. A Z{sub 2}-assisted anomalous U(1){sub A} gauge symmetry plays a crucial role in achieving these results. The threshold corrections to {alpha}{sub 3}(M{sub Z}), somewhat surprisingly, are found to be controlled by only a few effective parameters. This leads to a very predictive scenario for proton decay. As a novel feature, we find an interesting correlation between the d = 6 (p {yields} e{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}) and d = 5 (p {yields} {bar {nu}}K{sup +}) decay amplitudes which allows us to derive a constrained upper limit on the inverse rate of the e{sup +}{pi}{sup 0} mode. Our results show that both modes should be observed with an improvement in the current sensitivity by about a factor of five to ten.
BRST with background field method of the (4,0) supersymmetric σ-model in two dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lhallabi, T.
1988-08-01
A manifestly covariant background field formalism for (4,0) supersymmetric non-linear σ-model in two dimensions is presented. The BRST argument is used in order to obtain Faddeev-Popov ghost terms. (author). 13 refs
Horizontal, anomalous U(1) symmetry for the more minimal supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nelson, A.E.; Wright, D.
1997-01-01
We construct explicit examples with a horizontal, open-quotes anomalousclose quotes U(1) gauge group, which, in a supersymmetric extension of the standard model, reproduce qualitative features of the fermion spectrum and CKM matrix, and suppress FCNC and proton decay rates without the imposition of global symmetries. We review the motivation for such open-quotes moreclose quotes minimal supersymmetric standard models and their predictions for the sparticle spectrum. There is a mass hierarchy in the scalar sector which is the inverse of the fermion mass hierarchy. We show in detail why ΔS=2 FCNCs are greatly suppressed when compared with naive estimates for nondegenerate squarks. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
Low-temperature specific heat of the degenerate supersymmetric t-J model in one dimension
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lee, K.; Schlottmann, P.
1996-01-01
We consider the one-dimensional SU(N)-invariant t-J model, which consists of electrons with N spin components on a lattice with nearest-neighbor hopping t constrained by the excluded multiple occupancy of the sites and spin-exchange J between neighboring lattice sites. The model is integrable and has been diagonalized in terms of nested Bethe ansatze at the supersymmetric point t=J. The low-T specific heat is proportional to T. The γ-coefficient is extracted from the thermodynamic Bethe-ansatz equations and is expressed in terms of the spin wave velocities and the group velocity of the charges for arbitrary N, band filling, and splitting of the levels (magnetic and crystalline fields). Our results contain the following special cases: (i) For N=2 the traditional spin-1/2 supersymmetric t-J model, (ii) for exactly one electron per site the SU(N)-Heisenberg chain, and (iii) for N=4 the two-band supersymmetric t-J model with crystalline field splitting. copyright 1996 American Institute of Physics
Signals of dark matter in a supersymmetric two dark matter model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fukuoka, Hiroki; Suematsu, Daijiro; Toma, Takashi
2011-01-01
Supersymmetric radiative neutrino mass models have often two dark matter candidates. One is the usual lightest neutralino with odd R parity and the other is a new neutral particle whose stability is guaranteed by a discrete symmetry that forbids tree-level neutrino Yukawa couplings. If their relic abundance is comparable, dark matter phenomenology can be largely different from the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). We study this in a supersymmetric radiative neutrino mass model with the conserved R parity and a Z 2 symmetry weakly broken by the anomaly effect. The second dark matter with odd parity of this new Z 2 is metastable and decays to the neutralino dark matter. Charged particles and photons associated to this decay can cause the deviation from the expected background of the cosmic rays. Direct search of the neutralino dark matter is also expected to show different features from the MSSM since the relic abundance is not composed of the neutralino dark matter only. We discuss the nature of dark matter in this model by analyzing these signals quantitatively
Family of fish-eye-related models and their supersymmetric partners
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Makowski, Adam J.
2010-01-01
A large family of potentials related to the Maxwell fish-eye model is derived with the help of conformal mappings. It is shown that the whole family admits square-integrable E=0 solutions of the Schroedinger equation for discrete values of the coupling constant. A corresponding supersymmetric family of partner potentials to the preceding ones is derived as well. Some applications of the considered potentials are also discussed.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Egorian, Ed.
1979-01-01
Decay properties of heavy leptons in the SU(2)xSU(2)xU(1) supersymmetric model of weak and electromagnetic interactions are studied. l anti νsub(e)ν leptonic and ν(νsup(c))h semihadronic decays, where l are leptons and h are hadrons, are considered. The partial and total decay rates and the production in p anti p collision of one of them are estimated for various values of its mass
Impacts of supersymmetric higher derivative terms on inflation models in supergravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aoki, Shuntaro; Yamada, Yusuke
2015-01-01
We show the effects of supersymmetric higher derivative terms on inflation models in supergravity. The results show that such terms generically modify the effective kinetic coefficient of the inflaton during inflation if the cut off scale of the higher derivative operators is sufficiently small. In such a case, the η-problem in supergravity does not occur, and we find that the effective potential of the inflaton generically becomes a power type potential with a power smaller than two
Marginal deformations of 3d supersymmetric U(N) model and broken higher spin symmetry
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hikida, Yasuaki [Center for Gravitational Physics, Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University,Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Wada, Taiki [Department of Physical Sciences, College of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University,Shiga 525-8577 (Japan)
2017-03-08
We examine the marginal deformations of double-trace type in 3d supersymmetric U(N) model with N complex free bosons and fermions. We compute the anomalous dimensions of higher spin currents to the 1/N order but to all orders in the deformation parameters by mainly applying the conformal perturbation theory. The 3d field theory is supposed to be dual to 4d supersymmetric Vasiliev theory, and the marginal deformations are argued to correspond to modifying boundary conditions for bulk scalars and fermions. Thus the modification should break higher spin gauge symmetry and generate the masses of higher spin fields. We provide supports for the dual interpretation by relating bulk computation in terms of Witten diagrams to boundary one in conformal perturbation theory.
Marginal deformations of 3d supersymmetric U(N) model and broken higher spin symmetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hikida, Yasuaki; Wada, Taiki
2017-01-01
We examine the marginal deformations of double-trace type in 3d supersymmetric U(N) model with N complex free bosons and fermions. We compute the anomalous dimensions of higher spin currents to the 1/N order but to all orders in the deformation parameters by mainly applying the conformal perturbation theory. The 3d field theory is supposed to be dual to 4d supersymmetric Vasiliev theory, and the marginal deformations are argued to correspond to modifying boundary conditions for bulk scalars and fermions. Thus the modification should break higher spin gauge symmetry and generate the masses of higher spin fields. We provide supports for the dual interpretation by relating bulk computation in terms of Witten diagrams to boundary one in conformal perturbation theory.
Diphoton resonance in F-theory inspired flipped SO(10)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Leontaris, George K. [Ioannina University, Physics Department, Theory Division, Ioannina (Greece); Shafi, Qaisar [University of Delaware, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bartol Research Institute, Newark, DE (United States)
2016-10-15
Motivated by the di-photon excess at 750 GeV reported by the ATLAS and CMS experiments, we present an F-theory inspired flipped SO(10) model embedded in E{sub 6}. The low energy spectrum includes the three MSSM chiral families, vector-like colour triplets, several pairs of charged SU(2){sub L} singlet fields (E{sup c}, anti E{sup c}), as well as MSSM singlets, one or more of which could contribute to the di-photon resonance. A total decay width in the multi-GeV range can arise from couplings involving the singlet and MSSM fields. (orig.)
The toric SO(10) F-theory landscape
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buchmuller, W.; Dierigl, M.; Oehlmann, P.K. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Ruehle, F. [Oxford Univ. (United Kingdom). Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics
2017-09-15
Supergravity theories in more than four dimensions with grand unified gauge symmetries are an important intermediate step towards the ultraviolet completion of the Standard Model in string theory. Using toric geometry, we classify and analyze six-dimensional F-theory vacua with gauge group SO(10) taking into account Mordell-Weil U(1) and discrete gauge factors. We determine the full matter spectrum of these models, including charged and neutral SO(10) singlets. Based solely on the geometry, we compute all matter multiplicities and confirm the cancellation of gauge and gravitational anomalies independent of the base space. Particular emphasis is put on symmetry enhancements at the loci of matter fields and to the frequent appearance of superconformal points. They are linked to non-toric Kaehler deformations which contribute to the counting of degrees of freedom. We compute the anomaly coefficients for these theories as well by using a base-independent blow-up procedure and superconformal matter transitions. Finally, we identify six-dimensional supergravity models which can yield the Standard Model with high-scale supersymmetry by further compactification to four dimensions in an Abelian flux background.
The toric SO(10) F-theory landscape
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Buchmuller, W.; Dierigl, M.; Oehlmann, P.K.; Ruehle, F.
2017-09-01
Supergravity theories in more than four dimensions with grand unified gauge symmetries are an important intermediate step towards the ultraviolet completion of the Standard Model in string theory. Using toric geometry, we classify and analyze six-dimensional F-theory vacua with gauge group SO(10) taking into account Mordell-Weil U(1) and discrete gauge factors. We determine the full matter spectrum of these models, including charged and neutral SO(10) singlets. Based solely on the geometry, we compute all matter multiplicities and confirm the cancellation of gauge and gravitational anomalies independent of the base space. Particular emphasis is put on symmetry enhancements at the loci of matter fields and to the frequent appearance of superconformal points. They are linked to non-toric Kaehler deformations which contribute to the counting of degrees of freedom. We compute the anomaly coefficients for these theories as well by using a base-independent blow-up procedure and superconformal matter transitions. Finally, we identify six-dimensional supergravity models which can yield the Standard Model with high-scale supersymmetry by further compactification to four dimensions in an Abelian flux background.
FlexibleSUSY-A spectrum generator generator for supersymmetric models
Athron, Peter; Park, Jae-hyeon; Stöckinger, Dominik; Voigt, Alexander
2015-05-01
We introduce FlexibleSUSY, a Mathematica and C++ package, which generates a fast, precise C++ spectrum generator for any SUSY model specified by the user. The generated code is designed with both speed and modularity in mind, making it easy to adapt and extend with new features. The model is specified by supplying the superpotential, gauge structure and particle content in a SARAH model file; specific boundary conditions e.g. at the GUT, weak or intermediate scales are defined in a separate FlexibleSUSY model file. From these model files, FlexibleSUSY generates C++ code for self-energies, tadpole corrections, renormalization group equations (RGEs) and electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB) conditions and combines them with numerical routines for solving the RGEs and EWSB conditions simultaneously. The resulting spectrum generator is then able to solve for the spectrum of the model, including loop-corrected pole masses, consistent with user specified boundary conditions. The modular structure of the generated code allows for individual components to be replaced with an alternative if available. FlexibleSUSY has been carefully designed to grow as alternative solvers and calculators are added. Predefined models include the MSSM, NMSSM, E6SSM, USSM, R-symmetric models and models with right-handed neutrinos.
Higgs Boson Properties in the Standard Model and its Supersymmetric Extensions
Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Zwirner, F; Ellis, John; Ridolfi, Giovanni; Zwirner, Fabio
2007-01-01
We review the realization of the Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism in the electroweak theory and describe the experimental and theoretical constraints on the mass of the single Higgs boson expected in the minimal Standard Model. We also discuss the couplings of this Higgs boson and its possible decay modes as functions of its unknown mass. We then review the structure of the Higgs sector in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM), noting the importance of loop corrections to the masses of its five physical Higgs bosons. Finally, we discuss some non-minimal models.
Higgs boson properties in the Standard Model and its supersymmetric extensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ellis, J.; Ridolfi, G.; Zwirner, F.
2007-01-01
We review the realization of the Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism in the electroweak theory and describe the experimental and theoretical constraints on the mass of the single Higgs boson expected in the minimal Standard Model. We also discuss the couplings of this Higgs boson and its possible decay modes as functions of its unknown mass. We then review the structure of the Higgs sector in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM), noting the importance of loop corrections to the masses of its 5 physical Higgs bosons. Finally, we discuss some non-minimal models. (authors)
An Exactly Solvable Supersymmetric Model of Semimagic Nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Balantekin, A. B.; Gueven, Nurtac; Pehlivan, Yamac
2008-01-01
A simple model of nucleons coupled to angular momentum zero (s-pairs) occupying the valance shell of a semi-magic nuclei is considered. The model has a separable, orbit dependent pairing interaction which dominates over the kinetic term. It is shown that such an interaction leads to an exactly solvable model whose (0 + ) eigenstates and energies can be computed very easily with the help of the algebraic Bethe ansatz method. It is also shown that the model has a supersymmetry which connects the spectra of some semimagic nuclei. The results obtained from this model for the semimagic Ni isotopes from 58 Ni to 68 Ni are given. In addition, a new and easier technique for calculating the energy eigenvalues from the Bethe ansatz equations is also presented.
On the vacuum of the minimal nonsupersymmetric SO(10) unification
Bertolini, Stefano; Malinsky, Michal
2010-01-01
We study a class of nonsupersymmetric SO(10) grand unified scenarios where the first stage of the symmetry breaking is driven by the vacuum expectation values of the 45-dimensional adjoint representation. Three decade old results claim that such a Higgs setting may lead exclusively to the flipped SU(5) x U(1) intermediate stage. We show that this conclusion is actually an artifact of the tree level potential. The study of the accidental global symmetries emerging in various limits of the scalar potential offers a simple understanding of the tree level result and a rationale for the drastic impact of quantum corrections. We scrutinize in detail the simplest and paradigmatic case of the 45_{H} + 16_{H} Higgs sector triggering the breaking of SO(10) to the standard electroweak model. We show that the minimization of the one-loop effective potential allows for intermediate SU(4)_C x SU(2)_L x U(1)_R and SU(3)_c x SU(2)_L x SU(2)_R x U(1)_{B-L} symmetric stages as well. These are the options favoured by gauge unif...
Nucleon decay in a realistic SO(10) SUSY GUT
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lucas, V.; Raby, S.
1997-01-01
In this paper, we calculate neutron and proton decay rates and branching ratios in a predictive SO(10) SUSY GUT which agrees well with low energy data. We show that the nucleon lifetimes are consistent with the experimental bounds. The nucleon decay rates are calculated using all one-loop chargino and gluino-dressed diagrams regardless of their chiral structure. We show that the four-fermion operator C jk (u R d jR )(d kL ν τL ), commonly neglected in previous nucleon decay calculations, not only contributes significantly to nucleon decay, but, for many values of the initial GUT parameters and for large tanβ, actually dominates the decay rate. As a consequence, we find that τ p /τ n is often substantially larger than the prediction obtained in small tanβ models. We also find that gluino-dressed diagrams, often neglected in nucleon decay calculations, contribute significantly to nucleon decay. In addition we find that the branching ratios obtained from this realistic SO(10) SUSY GUT differ significantly from the predictions obtained from open-quotes genericclose quotes SU(5) SUSY GUT close-quote s. Thus, nucleon decay branching ratios, when observed, can be used to test theories of fermion masses. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Liebler, Stefan Rainer
2011-09-15
The standard model of particle physics lacks on some shortcomings from experimental as well as from theoretical point of view: There is no approved mechanism for the generation of masses of the fundamental particles, in particular also not for the light, but massive neutrinos. In addition the standard model does not provide an explanation for the observance of dark matter in the universe. Moreover the gauge couplings of the three forces in the standard model do not unify, implying that a fundamental theory combining all forces can not be formulated. Within this thesis we address supersymmetric models as answers to these various questions, but instead of focusing on the most simple supersymmetrization of the standard model, we consider basic extensions, namely the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM), which contains an additional singlet field, and R-parity violating models. Using lepton number violating terms in the context of bilinear R-parity violation and the {mu}{nu}SSM we are able to explain neutrino physics intrinsically supersymmetric, since those terms induce a mixing between the neutralinos and the neutrinos. This thesis works out the phenomenology of the supersymmetric models under consideration and tries to point out differences to the well-known features of the simplest supersymmetric realization of the standard model. In case of the R-parity violating models the decays of the light neutralinos can result in displaced vertices. In combination with a light singlet state these displaced vertices might offer a rich phenomenology like non-standard Higgs decays into a pair of singlinos decaying with displaced vertices. Within this thesis we present some calculations at next order of perturbation theory, since one-loop corrections provide possibly large contributions to the tree-level masses and decay widths. We are using an on-shell renormalization scheme to calculate the masses of neutralinos and charginos including the neutrinos and
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Liebler, Stefan Rainer
2011-09-01
The standard model of particle physics lacks on some shortcomings from experimental as well as from theoretical point of view: There is no approved mechanism for the generation of masses of the fundamental particles, in particular also not for the light, but massive neutrinos. In addition the standard model does not provide an explanation for the observance of dark matter in the universe. Moreover the gauge couplings of the three forces in the standard model do not unify, implying that a fundamental theory combining all forces can not be formulated. Within this thesis we address supersymmetric models as answers to these various questions, but instead of focusing on the most simple supersymmetrization of the standard model, we consider basic extensions, namely the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM), which contains an additional singlet field, and R-parity violating models. Using lepton number violating terms in the context of bilinear R-parity violation and the μνSSM we are able to explain neutrino physics intrinsically supersymmetric, since those terms induce a mixing between the neutralinos and the neutrinos. This thesis works out the phenomenology of the supersymmetric models under consideration and tries to point out differences to the well-known features of the simplest supersymmetric realization of the standard model. In case of the R-parity violating models the decays of the light neutralinos can result in displaced vertices. In combination with a light singlet state these displaced vertices might offer a rich phenomenology like non-standard Higgs decays into a pair of singlinos decaying with displaced vertices. Within this thesis we present some calculations at next order of perturbation theory, since one-loop corrections provide possibly large contributions to the tree-level masses and decay widths. We are using an on-shell renormalization scheme to calculate the masses of neutralinos and charginos including the neutrinos and leptons in
Renormalization of supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pierce, D.M.
1998-06-01
The author reviews the renormalization of the electroweak sector of the standard model. The derivation also applies to the minimal supersymmetric standard model. He discusses regularization, and the relation between the threshold corrections and the renormalization group equations. He considers the corrections to many precision observables, including M W and sin 2 θ eff . He shows that global fits to the data exclude regions of supersymmetric model parameter space and lead to lower bounds on superpartner masses
Supersymmetric field-theoretic models on a supermanifold
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Franco, D.H.T. [Centro de Estudos de Fisica Teorica, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Polito, Caio M.M. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao de Teoria de Campos e Particulas
2003-04-01
We propose an extension of some structural aspects that have successfully been applied in the development of the theory of quantum fields propagating on a general spacetime manifold so as to include superfield models on a super manifold. (author)
Anomaly mediated supersymmetric models and Higgs data from the LHC
Arbey, A; Mahmoudi, F; Tarhini, A
2013-01-01
Anomaly mediation models are well motivated supersymmetry breaking scenarios which appear as alternatives to the mSUGRA paradigm. These models are quite compelling from the theoretical point of view and it is therefore important to test if they are also viable models for phenomenology. We perform a study of these models in the light of all standard flavour, collider and dark matter constraints, including also the recent Higgs boson measurements for the mass and signal strengths in the different decay channels. The minimal AMSB scenario can satisfy in part of its parameter space the dark matter requirement but is only marginally consistent with the current Higgs boson mass value. The HyperCharge-AMSB and Mixed Moduli-AMSB scenarios can better describe present data from dark matter, flavour, low energy physics and are consistent with the measured mass of the Higgs boson. The inclusion of the preferred signal strengths for the Higgs boson decay channels shows that for tan(beta) > 5 the HC-AMSB and MM-AMSB models...
Sneutrino warm inflation in the minimal supersymmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bastero-Gil, Mar; Berera, Arjun
2005-01-01
The model of RH neutrino fields coupled to the MSSM is shown to yield a large parameter regime of warm inflation. In the strong dissipative regime, it is shown that inflation, driven by a single sneutrino field, occurs with all field amplitudes below the Planck scale. Analysis is also made of leptogenesis, neutrino mass generation and gravitino constraints. A new warm inflation scenario is purposed in which one scalar field drives a period of warm inflation and a second field drives a subsequent phase of reheating. Such a model is able to reduce the final temperature after inflation, thus helping to mitigate gravitino constraints
Massive (p,q)-supersymmetric sigma models revisited
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Papadopoulos, G.
1994-06-01
We recently obtained the conditions on the couplings of the general two-dimensional massive sigma-model required by (p,q)-supersymmetry. Here wer compute the Poisson bracket algebra of the supersymmetry and central Noether charges, and show that the action is invariant under the automorphism group of this algebra. Surprisingly, for the (4,4) case the automorphism group is always a subgroup of SO(3), rather than SO(4). We also re-analyse the conditions for (2,2) and 4,4) supersymmetry of the zero torsion models without assumptions about the central charge matrix. (orig.)
A new family symmetry for SO(10) GUTs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
King, Stephen F.; Luhn, Christoph
2009-01-01
We argue that the projective special linear group PSL 2 (7), also known as Σ(168), has unique features which make it the most suitable discrete family symmetry for describing quark and lepton masses and mixing in the framework of SO(10) type unified models. In such models flavon fields in the sextet representation of PSL 2 (7) play a crucial role both in obtaining tri-bimaximal neutrino mixing as well as in generating the third family charged fermion Yukawa couplings. In preparation for physical applications, we derive the triplet representation of PSL 2 (7) in the basis S,T,U,V where S,T,U are the familiar triplet generators of S 4 in the diagonal charged lepton basis where T is diagonal. We also derive an analogous basis for the real sextet representation and identify the vacuum alignments which lead to tri-bimaximal neutrino mixing and large third family charged fermion Yukawa couplings.
The quantum mechanics of the supersymmetric nonlinear sigma-model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Davis, A.C.; Macfarlane, A.J.; Popat, P.C.; Holten, J.W. van
1984-01-01
The classical and quantum mechanical formalisms of the models are developed. The quantisation is done in such a way that the quantum theory can be represented explicitly in as simple a form as possible, and the problem of ordering of operators is resolved so as to maintain the supersymmetry algebra of the classical theory. (author)
Non-generic couplings in supersymmetric standard models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Evgeny I. Buchbinder
2015-09-01
Full Text Available We study two phases of a heterotic standard model, obtained from a Calabi–Yau compactification of the E8×E8 heterotic string, in the context of the associated four-dimensional effective theories. In the first phase we have a standard model gauge group, an MSSM spectrum, four additional U(1 symmetries and singlet fields. In the second phase, obtained from the first by continuing along the singlet directions, three of the additional U(1 symmetries are spontaneously broken and the remaining one is a B–L symmetry. In this second phase, dimension five operators inducing proton decay are consistent with all symmetries and as such, they are expected to be present. We show that, contrary to this expectation, these operators are forbidden due to the additional U(1 symmetries present in the first phase of the model. We emphasise that such “unexpected” absences of operators, due to symmetry enhancement at specific loci in the moduli space, can be phenomenologically relevant and, in the present case, protect the model from fast proton decay.
On two-particle N=1 supersymmetric composite grand unified models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pirogov, Yu.F.
1984-01-01
A class of two-particle N=1 supersymmetric composite grand unified models, satisfying the anomaly matching and cancellation conditions, n-independence and survival hypothesis is considered. A unique admissible set of the light states, containing spectator states on a par with the composite ones is found. At low mass scales this set contains exactly four families of ordinary fermions without any additional exotics. The interactions of the light states at distances greater than the compositeness radius are described by the N=1 sypersymmetric chiral grand unified model [SU(6)] 2 (or [SU(8)] 2 with a fixed set of four second-rank tensors as matter fields
Repetition of the quark-lepton states in a supersymmetric composite model with complementarity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yamada, Hirofumi; Yasue, Masaki.
1986-04-01
In a supersymmetric composite model based on an SU(4) sc loc confining theory, complementarity is used to support the symmetry-breaking pattern and spectrum of massless particles in a confining phase. The model is found to accommodate two generations of quarks and leptons as quasi Nambu-Goldstone fermions and another two generations as chiral fermions. Masses of composite particles are examined and the quark-lepton generations are classified according to possible mass splittings. The suppression of dangerous flavor-changing interactions is also considered. (author)
Two loop effective Kahler potential of (non)-renormalizable supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Groot Nibbelink, S.; Nyawelo, T.S.
2005-10-01
We perform a supergraph computation of the effective Kahler potential at one and two loops for general four dimensional N=1 supersymmetric theories described by arbitrary Kahler potential, superpotential and gauge kinetic function. We only insist on gauge invariance of the Kahler potential and the superpotential as we heavily rely on its consequences in the quantum theory. However, we do not require gauge invariance for the gauge kinetic functions, so that our results can also be applied to anomalous theories that involve the Green-Schwarz mechanism. We illustrate our two loop results by considering a few simple models: the (non-)renormalizable Wess-Zumino model and Super Quantum Electrodynamics. (author)
Locally supersymmetric D=3 non-linear sigma models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wit, B. de; Tollsten, A.K.; Nicolai, H.
1993-01-01
We study non-linear sigma models with N local supersymmetries in three space-time dimensions. For N=1 and 2 the target space of these models is riemannian or Kaehler, respectively. All N>2 theories are associated with Einstein spaces. For N=3 the target space is quaternionic, while for N=4 it generally decomposes, into two separate quaternionic spaces, associated with inequivalent supermultiplets. For N=5, 6, 8 there is a unique (symmetric) space for any given number of supermultiplets. Beyond that there are only theories based on a single supermultiplet for N=9, 10, 12 and 16, associated with coset spaces with the exceptional isometry groups F 4(-20) , E 6(-14) , E 7(-5) and E 8(+8) , respectively. For N=3 and N ≥ 5 the D=2 theories obtained by dimensional reduction are two-loop finite. (orig.)
Superfield Lax formalism of supersymmetric sigma model on symmetric spaces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Saleem, U.; Hassan, M.
2006-01-01
We present a superfield Lax formalism of the superspace sigma model based on the target space G/H and show that a one-parameter family of flat superfield connections exists if the target space G/H is a symmetric space. The formalism has been related to the existence of an infinite family of local and non-local superfield conserved quantities. A few examples have been given to illustrate the results. (orig.)
A supersymmetric D4 model for μ-τ symmetry
Adulpravitchai, A.; Blum, A.; Hagedorn, C.
2009-03-01
We construct a supersymmeterized version of the model presented by Grimus and Lavoura (GL) in \\cite{GL1} which predicts θ23 maximal and θ13 = 0 in the lepton sector. For this purpose, we extend the flavor group, which is D4 × Z2(aux) in the original model, to D4 × Z5. An additional difference is the absence of right-handed neutrinos. Despite these changes the model is the same as the GL model, since θ23 maximal and θ13 = 0 arise through the same mismatch of D4 subgroups, D2 in the charged lepton and Z2 in the neutrino sector. In our setup D4 is solely broken by gauge singlets, the flavons. We show that their vacuum structure, which leads to the prediction of θ13 and θ23, is a natural result of the scalar potential. We find that the neutrino mass matrix only allows for inverted hierarchy, if we assume a certain form of spontaneous CP violation. The quantity |mee|, measured in neutrinoless double beta decay, is nearly equal to the lightest neutrino mass m3. The Majorana phases phi1 and phi2 are restricted to a certain range for m3lesssim0.06 eV. We discuss the next-to-leading order corrections which give rise to shifts in the vacuum expectation values of the flavons. These induce deviations from maximal atmospheric mixing and vanishing θ13. It turns out that these deviations are smaller for θ23 than for θ13.
A supersymmetric standard model from a local E6 GUT
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Braam, Felix Klaus
2012-02-01
In this thesis we have investigated to what extent the exceptional Lie-group E 6 can serve as unified gauge group. In the presence of the full E 6 matter content, unifcation can be realized by increasing the degree of gauge symmetry above some intermediate scale. We found that a full E 6 gauge invariant theory is disfavoured by phenomenological observations like proton stability and the smallness of flavour changing neutral currents. An appropriate framework to embed E 6 into a model for particle physics are higher dimensional orbifold constructions, where E 6 is the gauge group in the bulk and the intermediate symmetry group is the common subset of E 6 subgroups residing at the fixed-points of the orbifold. In this way the degree of symmetry in four space-time dimensions is reduced, such that the operators leading to the aforementioned dsastrous phenomenological consequences can be forbidden independently. In order to derive the implications of the model for the current experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), we developed an automated spectrum generator. It uses Monte-Carlo Markov-Chain techniques to cope with the high dimensionality of the space of input parameters and the complex interdependencies in the evolution of the Lagrangian parameters from the orbifold compactification scale to the TeV scale. For the spectra obtained with this program, we performed Monte-Carlo simulations of the production and decay of the Z ' boson stemming from the additional U(1) ' , using our own implementation of the model into the event generator WHIZARD.
Double suppression of FCNCs in a supersymmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kajiyama, Yuji
2004-01-01
A concrete model which can suppress FCNCs and CP violating phenomena is suggested. It is S 3 symmetric extension of MSSM in extra dimensions where only SU(2) and SU(3) gauge multiplet are assumed to propagate in the bulk. They are suppressed due to S 3 flavor symmetry at M SUSY , and the infrared attractive force of gauge interaction in extra dimensions are used to suppress them at the compactification scale. We find that O(1) disorders of the soft parameters are allowed at the cut-off scale to suppress FCNCs and CP violating phenomena. (author)
Double suppression of FCNCs in a supersymmetric model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kajiyama, Yuji [Kanazawa Univ., Dept. of Physics, Kanazawa, Ishikawa (Japan)
2004-12-01
A concrete model which can suppress FCNCs and CP violating phenomena is suggested. It is S{sub 3} symmetric extension of MSSM in extra dimensions where only SU(2) and SU(3) gauge multiplet are assumed to propagate in the bulk. They are suppressed due to S{sub 3} flavor symmetry at M{sub SUSY}, and the infrared attractive force of gauge interaction in extra dimensions are used to suppress them at the compactification scale. We find that O(1) disorders of the soft parameters are allowed at the cut-off scale to suppress FCNCs and CP violating phenomena. (author)
Radiative breaking of the minimal supersymmetric left–right model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nobuchika Okada
2016-05-01
Full Text Available We study a variation to the SUSY Left–Right symmetric model based on the gauge group SU(3c×SU(2L×SU(2R×U(1BL. Beyond the quark and lepton superfields we only introduce a second Higgs bidoublet to produce realistic fermion mass matrices. This model does not include any SU(2R triplets. We calculate renormalization group evolutions of soft SUSY parameters at the one-loop level down to low energy. We find that an SU(2R slepton doublet acquires a negative mass squared at low energies, so that the breaking of SU(2R×U(1BL→U(1Y is realized by a non-zero vacuum expectation value of a right-handed sneutrino. Small neutrino masses are produced through neutrino mixings with gauginos. Mass limits on the SU(2R×U(1BL sector are obtained by direct search results at the LHC as well as lepton-gaugino mixing bounds from the LEP precision data.
Phenomenological study of the minimal R-symmetric supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Diessner, Philip
2016-01-01
The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics gives a comprehensive description of numerous phenomena concerning the fundamental components of nature. Still, open questions and a clouded understanding of the underlying structure remain. Supersymmetry is a well motivated extension that may account for the observed density of dark matter in the universe and solve the hierarchy problem of the SM. The minimal supersymmetric extension of the SM (MSSM) provides solutions to these challenges. Furthermore, it predicts new particles in reach of current experiments. However, the model has its own theoretical challenges and is under fire from measurements provided by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Nevertheless, the concept of supersymmetry has an elegance which not only shines in the MSSM. Hence, it is also of interest to examine non-minimal supersymmetric models. They have benefits similar to the MSSM and may solve its shortcomings. R-symmetry is the only global symmetry allowed that does not commutate with supersymmetry and Lorentz symmetry. Thus, extending a supersymmetric model with R-symmetry is a theoretically well motivated endeavor to achieve the complete symmetry content of a field theory. Such a model provides a natural explanation for non-discovery in the early runs of the LHC and leads to further predictions distinct from those of the MSSM. The work described in this thesis contributes to the effort by studying the minimal R-symmetric supersymmetric extension of the SM (MRSSM). Important aspects of its physics and the dependence of observables on the parameter space of the MRSSM are investigated. The discovery of a scalar particle compatible with the Higgs boson of the SM at the LHC was announced in 2012. It is the first and crucial task of this thesis to understand the underlying mechanisms leading to the correct Higgs boson mass prediction in the MRSSM. Then, the relevant regions of parameter space are investigated and it is shown that they are also in agreement
Phenomenological study of the minimal R-symmetric supersymmetric standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Diessner, Philip
2016-10-20
The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics gives a comprehensive description of numerous phenomena concerning the fundamental components of nature. Still, open questions and a clouded understanding of the underlying structure remain. Supersymmetry is a well motivated extension that may account for the observed density of dark matter in the universe and solve the hierarchy problem of the SM. The minimal supersymmetric extension of the SM (MSSM) provides solutions to these challenges. Furthermore, it predicts new particles in reach of current experiments. However, the model has its own theoretical challenges and is under fire from measurements provided by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Nevertheless, the concept of supersymmetry has an elegance which not only shines in the MSSM. Hence, it is also of interest to examine non-minimal supersymmetric models. They have benefits similar to the MSSM and may solve its shortcomings. R-symmetry is the only global symmetry allowed that does not commutate with supersymmetry and Lorentz symmetry. Thus, extending a supersymmetric model with R-symmetry is a theoretically well motivated endeavor to achieve the complete symmetry content of a field theory. Such a model provides a natural explanation for non-discovery in the early runs of the LHC and leads to further predictions distinct from those of the MSSM. The work described in this thesis contributes to the effort by studying the minimal R-symmetric supersymmetric extension of the SM (MRSSM). Important aspects of its physics and the dependence of observables on the parameter space of the MRSSM are investigated. The discovery of a scalar particle compatible with the Higgs boson of the SM at the LHC was announced in 2012. It is the first and crucial task of this thesis to understand the underlying mechanisms leading to the correct Higgs boson mass prediction in the MRSSM. Then, the relevant regions of parameter space are investigated and it is shown that they are also in agreement
Constraints on supersymmetric flavour models from b→sγ
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Olive, Keith A.; Velasco-Sevilla, L.
2008-01-01
We consider the effects of departures from minimal flavour violations (MFV) in the context of CMSSM-like theories. Second and third generation off-diagonal elements in the Yukawa, sfermion, and trilinear mass matrices are taken to be non-zero at the GUT scale. These are run down together with MSSM parameters to the electroweak scale. We apply constraints from fermion masses and CKM matrix elements to limit the range of the new free parameters of the model. We determine the effect of the departure from MFV on the branching ratio of b→s γ. We find that only when the expansion parameter in the down-squark sector is relatively large there is a noticeable effect, which tends to relax the lower limit from b→s γ on the universal gaugino mass. We also find that the expansion parameter associated with the slepton sector needs to be smaller than the corresponding parameter in the down-squark sector in order to be compliant with the bound imposed by the branching ratio of τ→μγ.
Enqvist, Kari; Kasuya, Shinta; Mazumdar, Anupam
2003-03-07
We propose that the inflaton is coupled to ordinary matter only gravitationally and that it decays into a completely hidden sector. In this scenario both baryonic and dark matter originate from the decay of a flat direction of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, which is shown to generate the desired adiabatic perturbation spectrum via the curvaton mechanism. The requirement that the energy density along the flat direction dominates over the inflaton decay products fixes the flat direction almost uniquely. The present residual energy density in the hidden sector is typically shown to be small.
Anomaly-free gauges in superstring theory and double supersymmetric sigma-model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Demichev, A.P.; Iofa, M.Z.
1991-01-01
Superharmonic gauge which is a nontrivial analog of the harmonic gauge in bosonic string theory is constructed for the fermionic superstrings. In contrast to the conformal gauge, the harmonic gauge in bosonic string and superharmonic gauge in superstring theory are shown to be free from previously discovered BRST anomaly (in critical dimension) in higher orders of string perturbation theory and thus provide the setup for consistent quantization of (super)string theory. Superharmonic gauge appears to be closely connected with the supersymmetric σ-model with the target space being also a supermanifold. 28 refs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sparenberg, Jean-Marc; Samsonov, Boris F; Foucart, Francois; Baye, Daniel
2006-01-01
A new type of supersymmetric transformations of the coupled-channel radial Schroedinger equation is introduced, which do not conserve the vanishing behaviour of solutions at the origin. Contrary to the usual transformations, these 'non-conservative' transformations allow, in the presence of thresholds, the construction of well-behaved potentials with coupled scattering matrices from uncoupled potentials. As an example, an exactly-solvable potential matrix is obtained which provides a very simple model of the Feshbach-resonance phenomenon. (letter to the editor)
CP asymmetry in tau slepton decay in the minimal supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yang Weimin; Du Dongsheng
2002-01-01
We investigate CP violation asymmetry in the decay of a tau slepton into a tau neutrino and a chargino in the minimal supersymmetric standard model. The new source of CP violation is the complex mixing in the tau slepton sector. The rate asymmetry between the decays of the tau slepton and its CP conjugate process can be of the order of 10 -3 in some region of the parameter space of the minimal supergravity scenario, which will possibly be detectable in near-future collider experiments
A supersymmetric matrix model: II. Exploring higher-fermion-number sectors
Veneziano, Gabriele
2006-01-01
Continuing our previous analysis of a supersymmetric quantum-mechanical matrix model, we study in detail the properties of its sectors with fermion number F=2 and 3. We confirm all previous expectations, modulo the appearance, at strong coupling, of {\\it two} new bosonic ground states causing a further jump in Witten's index across a previously identified critical 't Hooft coupling $\\lambda_c$. We are able to elucidate the origin of these new SUSY vacua by considering the $\\lambda \\to \\infty$ limit and a strong coupling expansion around it.
Solving the flavour problem in supersymmetric Standard Models with three Higgs families
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Howl, R.; King, S.F.
2010-01-01
We show how a non-Abelian family symmetry Δ 27 can be used to solve the flavour problem of supersymmetric Standard Models containing three Higgs families such as the Exceptional Supersymmetric Standard Model (E 6 SSM). The three 27-dimensional families of the E 6 SSM, including the three families of Higgs fields, transform in a triplet representation of the Δ 27 family symmetry, allowing the family symmetry to commute with a possible high energy E 6 symmetry. The Δ 27 family symmetry here provides a high energy understanding of the Z 2 H symmetry of the E 6 SSM, which solves the flavour changing neutral current problem of the three families of Higgs fields. The main phenomenological predictions of the model are tri-bi-maximal mixing for leptons, two almost degenerate LSPs and two almost degenerate families of colour triplet D-fermions, providing a clear prediction for the LHC. In addition the model predicts PGBs with masses below the TeV scale, and possibly much lighter, which appears to be a quite general and robust prediction of all models based on the D-term vacuum alignment mechanism.
Neutrino masses and the unification of the SO(10) families
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Maalampi, J.; Enqvist, K.
1980-01-01
We show that the unification of the SO(10) families in SO(10+m) group can offer a solution to the neutrino mass problem. For simplicity we have restricted our analysis to SO(11), which contains - aside from generation mixing -the main novel feature of the theories of this kind: fermions that couple by V+A charged weak currents. (author)
Topics in supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nemeschansky, D.D.
1984-01-01
This thesis discusses four different topics in supersymmetric theories. In the first part models in which supersymmetry is broken by the Fayet-Iliopoulos mechanism are considered. The possibility that scalar quark and lepton masses might arise radiatively in such theories is explored. In the second part supersymmetric grand unified models with a sliding singlet are considered. The author reviews the argument that the sliding singlet does not work in models with large supersymmetry breaking. Then he considers the possibility of using a sliding singlet with low energy supersymmetry breaking. The third part of the thesis deals with the entropy problem of supersymmetric theories. Most supersymmetric models possess a decoupled particle with mass of order 100 GeV which is copiously produced in the early universe and whose decay produces huge amounts of entropy. The author shows how this problem can be avoided in theories in which the hidden sector contains several light fields. In the fourth part effective Lagrangians for supersymmetric theories are studied. The anomalous pion interaction for supersymmetric theories is written down. General properties of this term are studied both on compact and non-compact manifolds
Supersymmetric Fits after the Higgs Discovery and Implications for Model Building
Ellis, John
2014-01-01
The data from the first run of the LHC at 7 and 8 TeV, together with the information provided by other experiments such as precision electroweak measurements, flavour measurements, the cosmological density of cold dark matter and the direct search for the scattering of dark matter particles in the LUX experiment, provide important constraints on supersymmetric models. Important information is provided by the ATLAS and CMS measurements of the mass of the Higgs boson, as well as the negative results of searches at the LHC for events with missing transverse energy accompanied by jets, and the LHCb and CMS measurements off BR($B_s \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$). Results are presented from frequentist analyses of the parameter spaces of the CMSSM and NUHM1. The global $\\chi^2$ functions for the supersymmetric models vary slowly over most of the parameter spaces allowed by the Higgs mass and the missing transverse energy search, with best-fit values that are comparable to the $\\chi^2$ for the Standard Model. The $95\\%$ CL lower...
Bounds on the Higgs mass in the standard model and the minimal supersymmetric standard model
Quiros, M.
1995-01-01
Depending on the Higgs-boson and top-quark masses, M_H and M_t, the effective potential of the {\\bf Standard Model} can develop a non-standard minimum for values of the field much larger than the weak scale. In those cases the standard minimum becomes metastable and the possibility of decay to the non-standard one arises. Comparison of the decay rate to the non-standard minimum at finite (and zero) temperature with the corresponding expansion rate of the Universe allows to identify the region, in the (M_H, M_t) plane, where the Higgs field is sitting at the standard electroweak minimum. In the {\\bf Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model}, approximate analytical expressions for the Higgs mass spectrum and couplings are worked out, providing an excellent approximation to the numerical results which include all next-to-leading-log corrections. An appropriate treatment of squark decoupling allows to consider large values of the stop and/or sbottom mixing parameters and thus fix a reliable upper bound on the mass o...
New minimal SO(10) GUT: A theory for all epochs
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2016-01-07
Jan 7, 2016 ... Measurable or near measurable level of tensor perturbations – and thus large inflaton mass scale – may be accommodated within the NMSGUT by supersymmetric see-saw inflation based on an LHN flat direction inflaton if the Higgs component contains contributions from heavy Higgs components.
The neutralino sector in the U(1)-extended supersymmetric standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Choi, S.Y. [Chonbuk National Univ., Jeonju (Korea). Dept. of Physics and RIPC]|[Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Haber, H.E. [California Univ., Santa Cruz, CA (United States). SCIPP; Kalinowski, J. [Warsaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics; Zerwas, P.M. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[California Univ., Santa Cruz, CA (United States). SCIPP
2006-12-15
Motivated by grand unified theories and string theories we analyze the general structure of the neutralino sector in the USSM, an extension of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model that involves a broken extra U(1) gauge symmetry. This supersymmetric U(1)-extended model includes an Abelian gauge superfield and a Higgs singlet superfield in addition to the standard gauge and Higgs superfields of the MSSM. The interactions between the MSSM fields and the new fields are in general weak and the mixing is small, so that the coupling of the two subsystems can be treated perturbatively. As a result, the mass spectrum and mixing matrix in the neutralino sector can be analyzed analytically and the structure of this 6-state system is under good theoretical control. We describe the decay modes of the new states and the impact of this extension on decays of the original MSSM neutralinos, including radiative transitions in cross-over zones. Production channels in cascade decays at the LHC and pair production at e{sup +}e{sup -} colliders are also discussed. (orig.)
A Minimal Supersymmetric Model of Particle Physics and the Early Universe
Buchmüller, W; Kamada, K; Schmitz, K
2014-01-01
We consider a minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model, with right-handed neutrinos and local $B$$-$$L$, the difference between baryon and lepton number, a symmetry which is spontaneously broken at the scale of grand unification. To a large extent, the parameters of the model are determined by gauge and Yukawa couplings of quarks and leptons. We show that this minimal model can successfully account for the earliest phases of the cosmological evolution: Inflation is driven by the energy density of a false vacuum of unbroken $B$$-$$L$ symmetry, which ends in tachyonic preheating, i.e.\\ the decay of the false vacuum, followed by a matter dominated phase with heavy $B$$-$$L$ Higgs bosons. Nonthermal and thermal processes produce an abundance of heavy neutrinos whose decays generate primordial entropy, baryon asymmetry via leptogenesis and dark matter consisting of gravitinos or nonthermal WIMPs. The model predicts relations between neutrino and superparticle masses and a characteristic spectrum of g...
Yamaguchi, Masahiro; Yin, Wen
2018-02-01
Discarding the prejudice about fine tuning, we propose a novel and efficient approach to identify relevant regions of fundamental parameter space in supersymmetric models with some amount of fine tuning. The essential idea is the mapping of experimental constraints at a low-energy scale, rather than the parameter sets, to those of the fundamental parameter space. Applying this method to the non-universal Higgs mass model, we identify a new interesting superparticle mass pattern where some of the first two generation squarks are light whilst the stops are kept heavy as 6 TeV. Furthermore, as another application of this method, we show that the discrepancy of the muon anomalous magnetic dipole moment can be filled by a supersymmetric contribution within the 1{σ} level of the experimental and theoretical errors, which was overlooked by previous studies due to the extremely fine tuning required.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
de la Puente, Alejandro [Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)
2012-05-01
In this work, I present a generalization of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), with an explicit μ-term and a supersymmetric mass for the singlet superfield, as a route to alleviating the little hierarchy problem of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). I analyze two limiting cases of the model, characterized by the size of the supersymmetric mass for the singlet superfield. The small and large limits of this mass parameter are studied, and I find that I can generate masses for the lightest neutral Higgs boson up to 140 GeV with top squarks below the TeV scale, all couplings perturbative up to the gauge unification scale, and with no need to fine tune parameters in the scalar potential. This model, which I call the S-MSSM is also embedded in a gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking scheme. I find that even with a minimal embedding of the S-MSSM into a gauge mediated scheme, the mass for the lightest Higgs boson can easily be above 114 GeV, while keeping the top squarks below the TeV scale. Furthermore, I also study the forward-backward asymmetry in the t¯t system within the framework of the S-MSSM. For this purpose, non-renormalizable couplings between the first and third generation of quarks to scalars are introduced. The two limiting cases of the S-MSSM, characterized by the size of the supersymmetric mass for the singlet superfield is analyzed, and I find that in the region of small singlet supersymmetric mass a large asymmetry can be obtained while being consistent with constraints arising from flavor physics, quark masses and top quark decays.
A K-theory anomaly free supersymmetric flipped SU(5) model from intersecting branes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chen, C.-M. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: cchen@physics.tamu.edu; Kraniotis, G.V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: kraniotis@physics.tamu.edu; Mayes, V.E. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: eric@physics.tamu.edu; Nanopoulos, D.V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States) and Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), Mitchell Campus, Woodlands, TX 77381 (United States) and Academy of Athens, Division of Natural Sciences, 28 Panepistimiou Avenue, Athens 10679 (Greece)]. E-mail: dimitri@physics.tamu.edu; Walker, J.W. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: jwalker@physics.tamu.edu
2005-10-06
We construct an N=1 supersymmetric three-family flipped SU(5) model from type IIA orientifolds on T{sup 6}/(Z{sub 2}xZ{sub 2}) with D6-branes intersecting at general angles. The model is constrained by the requirement that Ramond-Ramond tadpoles cancel, the supersymmetry conditions, and that the gauge boson coupled to the U(1){sub X} factor does not get a string-scale mass via a generalised Green-Schwarz mechanism. The model is further constrained by requiring cancellation of K-theory charges. The spectrum contains a complete grand unified and electroweak Higgs sector, however the latter in a non-minimal number of copies. In addition, it contains extra matter both in bi-fundamental and vector-like representations as well as two copies of matter in the symmetric representation of SU(5)
Twining genera of (0,4) supersymmetric sigma models on K3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Harrison, Sarah; Kachru, Shamit; Paquette, Natalie M.
2014-01-01
Conformal field theories with (0,4) worldsheet supersymmetry and K3 target can be used to compactify the E 8 ×E 8 heterotic string to six dimensions in a supersymmetric manner. The data specifying such a model includes an appropriate configuration of 24 gauge instantons in the E 8 ×E 8 gauge group to satisfy the constraints of anomaly cancellation. In this note, we compute twining genera — elliptic genera with appropriate insertions of discrete symmetry generators in the trace — for (0,4) theories with various instanton embeddings. We do this by constructing linear sigma models which flow to the desired conformal field theories, and using the techniques of localization. We present several examples of such twining genera which are consistent with a moonshine relating these (0,4) models to the finite simple sporadic group M 24
Large scale structure from the Higgs fields of the supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bastero-Gil, M.; Di Clemente, V.; King, S.F.
2003-01-01
We propose an alternative implementation of the curvaton mechanism for generating the curvature perturbations which does not rely on a late decaying scalar decoupled from inflation dynamics. In our mechanism the supersymmetric Higgs scalars are coupled to the inflaton in a hybrid inflation model, and this allows the conversion of the isocurvature perturbations of the Higgs fields to the observed curvature perturbations responsible for large scale structure to take place during reheating. We discuss an explicit model which realizes this mechanism in which the μ term in the Higgs superpotential is generated after inflation by the vacuum expectation value of a singlet field. The main prediction of the model is that the spectral index should deviate significantly from unity, vertical bar n-1 vertical bar ∼0.1. We also expect relic isocurvature perturbations in neutralinos and baryons, but no significant departures from Gaussianity and no observable effects of gravity waves in the CMB spectrum
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Stelle, Kellogg S
2007-01-01
With the development of the electronic archives in high-energy physics, there has been increasing questioning of the role of traditional publishing styles, particularly in the production of conference books. One aspect of traditional publishing that still receives wide appreciation, however, is in the production of well-focussed pedagogical material. The present two-volume edition, 'Supersymmetric Mechanics-Vol 1', edited by S Bellucci and 'Supersymmetric Mechanics-Vol 2', edited by S Bellucci, S Ferrara and A Marrani, is a good example of the kind of well-digested presentation that should still find its way into university libraries. This two-volume set presents the material of a set of pedagogical lectures presented at the INFN National Laboratory in Frascati over a two-year period on the subject of supersymmetric mechanics. The articles include the results of discussions with the attending students after the lectures. Overall, this makes for a useful compilation of material on a subject that underlies much of the current effort in supersymmetric approaches to cosmology and the unification programme. The first volume comprises articles on 'A journey through garden algebras' by S Bellucci, S J Gates Jr and E Orazi on linear supermultiplet realizations in supersymmetric mechanics,'Supersymmetric mechanics in superspace' by S Bellucci and S Krivonos, 'Noncommutative mechanics, Landau levels, twistors and Yang-Mills amplitudes' by V P Nair, 'Elements of (super) Hamiltonian formalism' by A Nersessian and 'Matrix mechanics' by C Sochichiu. The second volume consists entirely of a masterful presentation on 'The attractor mechanism and space time singularities' by S Ferrara. This presents a comprehensive and detailed overview of the structure of supersymmetric black hole solutions in supergravity, critical point structure in the scalar field moduli space and the thermodynamic consequences. This second volume alone makes the set a worthwhile addition to the research
Spin analysis of supersymmetric particles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Choi, S.Y.; Martyn, H.U.
2006-12-01
The spin of supersymmetric particles can be determined at e + e - colliders unambiguously. This is demonstrated for a characteristic set of non-colored supersymmetric particles -- smuons, selectrons, and charginos/neutralinos. The analysis is based on the threshold behavior of the excitation curves for pair production in e + e - collisions, the angular distribution in the production process and decay angular distributions. In the first step we present the observables in the helicity formalism for the supersymmetric particles. Subsequently we confront the results with corresponding analyses of Kaluza-Klein particles in theories of universal extra space dimensions which behave distinctly different from supersymmetric theories. It is shown in the third step that a set of observables can be designed which signal the spin of supersymmetric particles unambiguously without any model assumptions. Finally in the fourth step it is demonstrated that the determination of the spin of supersymmetric particles can be performed experimentally in practice at an e + e - collider. (orig.)
BPS states in N = 2 supersymmetric G2 and F4 models
Ahl Laamara, R.; Mellal, O.; Saidi, E. H.
2017-07-01
In BPS quiver theory of N = 2 supersymmetric pure gauge models with gauge invariance G, primitive BPS quivers Q0G are of two types: Q0ADE and Q0BCFG. In this study, we first show that Q0ADE have outer-automorphism symmetries inherited from the outer-automorphisms of the Dynkin diagrams of ADE Lie algebras. Then, we extend the usual folding operation of Dynkin diagrams ADE → BCFG to obtain the two following things: (i) relate Q0BCFG quivers and their mutations to the Q0ADE ones and their mutations; and (ii) link the BPS chambers of the N = 2ADE theories with the corresponding BCFG ones. As an illustration of this construction, we derive the BPS and anti-BPS states of the strong chambers QstgG2 and QstgF4 of the 4d N = 2 pure G2 and F4 gauge models.
New supersymmetrizations of the generalized KDV hierarchies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Figueroa-O'Farrill, J.M.; Stanciu, S.
1993-03-01
Recently we investigated a new supersymmetrization procedure for the KdV hierarchy inspired in some recent work on supersymmetric matrix models. We extend this procedure here for the generalized KdV hierarchies. The resulting supersymmetric hierarchies are generically nonlocal, expect for the case of Boussinesque which we treat in detail. The resulting supersymmetric hierarchy is integrable and bihamiltonian and contains the Boussinesque hierarchy as a subhierarchy. In a particular realization, we extend it by defining supersymmetric odd flows. We end with some comments on a slight modification of this supersymmetrization which yields local equations for any generalized KdV hierarchy. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schulze-Halberg, Axel; Wang, Jie
2015-01-01
We obtain series solutions, the discrete spectrum, and supersymmetric partners for a quantum double-oscillator system. Its potential features a superposition of the one-parameter Mathews-Lakshmanan interaction and a one-parameter harmonic or inverse harmonic oscillator contribution. Furthermore, our results are transferred to a generalized Pöschl-Teller model that is isospectral to the double-oscillator system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schulze-Halberg, Axel, E-mail: axgeschu@iun.edu, E-mail: xbataxel@gmail.com [Department of Mathematics and Actuarial Science and Department of Physics, Indiana University Northwest, 3400 Broadway, Gary, Indiana 46408 (United States); Wang, Jie, E-mail: wangjie@iun.edu [Department of Computer Information Systems, Indiana University Northwest, 3400 Broadway, Gary, Indiana 46408 (United States)
2015-07-15
We obtain series solutions, the discrete spectrum, and supersymmetric partners for a quantum double-oscillator system. Its potential features a superposition of the one-parameter Mathews-Lakshmanan interaction and a one-parameter harmonic or inverse harmonic oscillator contribution. Furthermore, our results are transferred to a generalized Pöschl-Teller model that is isospectral to the double-oscillator system.
Detecting the Higgs bosons of supersymmetric models in Z0 decays
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Barnett, R.M.; Gamberini, G.
1990-01-01
We propose a method to detect the associated pair production, at the Z 0 resonance, of the light scalar and pseudoscalar Higgs bosons predicted by the minimal supersymmetric model. The method would be useful to study Higgs boson masses in the range 15-50 GeV. We consider the banti b-banti b and banti b-τ + τ - decay combinations of the Higgs pair. We exploit the angular distributions of the decay products in order to suppress the background and accurately determine the mass of the two Higgs particles. The number of events is small, but the signals are very distinct, and a limited study strongly suggests that the backgrounds will not obscure the signals. (orig.)
Neutrino masses and b - τ unification in the supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vissani, F.; Smirnov, A.Yu.
1994-05-01
There are several indications that the Majorana masses of the right-handed neutrino components, M R , are at the intermediate scale: M R ∼ (10 10 - 10 12 ) GeV or even lighter. The renormalization effects due to large Yukawa couplings of neutrinos from region of momenta M R G are studied in the supersymmetric standard model. It is shown that neutrino renormalization effect can increase the m b /m τ ratio up to (10/15)%. This strongly disfavors m b - m τ unification for low values of tan β s . Lower bound on M R and tan β from the b - τ unification condition were found. The implications of the results to the see-saw mechanism of the neutrino mass generation are discussed. (author). 17 refs, 4 figs
The exact mass-gap of the supersymmetric CP$^{N-1}$ sigma model
Evans, J M; Evans, Jonathan M; Hollowood, Timothy J
1995-01-01
A formula for the mass-gap of the supersymmetric \\CP^{n-1} sigma model (n > 1) in two dimensions is derived: m/\\Lambda_{\\overline{\\rm MS}}=\\sin(\\pi\\Delta)/(\\pi\\Delta) where \\Delta=1/n and m is the mass of the fundamental particle multiplet. This result is obtained by comparing two expressions for the free-energy density in the presence of a coupling to a conserved charge; one expression is computed from the exact S-matrix of K\\"oberle and Kurak via the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz and the other is computed using conventional perturbation theory. These calculations provide a stringent test of the S-matrix, showing that it correctly reproduces the universal part of the beta-function and resolving the problem of CDD ambiguities.
The exact mass-gap of the supersymmetric O(N) sigma model
Evans, J M; Evans, Jonathan M; Hollowood, Timothy J
1995-01-01
A formula for the mass-gap of the supersymmetric O(N) sigma model (N>4) in two dimensions is derived: m/\\Lambda_{\\overline{\\rm MS}}=2^{2\\Delta}\\sin(\\pi\\Delta)/(\\pi\\Delta), where \\Delta=1/(N-2) and m is the mass of the fundamental vector particle in the theory. This result is obtained by comparing two expressions for the free-energy density in the presence of a coupling to a conserved charge; one expression is computed from the exact S-matrix of Shankar and Witten via the the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz and the other is computed using conventional perturbation theory. These calculations provide a stringent test of the S-matrix, showing that it correctly reproduces the universal part of the beta-function and resolving the problem of CDD ambiguities.
Lepton electric dipole moments in non-degenerate supersymmetric Seesaw models
Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Raidal, Martti; Shimizu, Y; Ellis, John; Hisano, Junji; Raidal, Martti; Shimizu, Yasuhiro
2002-01-01
In the context of supersymmetric seesaw models of neutrino masses with non-degenerate heavy neutrinos, we show that Dirac Yukawa interactions N^c_i (Y_nu)_{ij} L_j H_2 induce large threshold corrections to the slepton soft masses via renormalization. While still yielding rates for lepton-flavour-violating processes below the experimental bounds, these contributions may increase the muon and electron electric dipole moments d_mu and d_e by several orders of magnitude. In the leading logarithmic approximation, this is due to three additional physical phases in Y_nu, one of which also contributes to leptogenesis. The naive relation d_mu/d_e\\approx -m_mu/m_e is violated strongly in the case of successful phenomenological textures for Y_nu, and the values of d_mu and/or d_e may be within the range of interest for the future experiments.
Universality and Thouless energy in the supersymmetric Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model
García-García, Antonio M.; Jia, Yiyang; Verbaarschot, Jacobus J. M.
2018-05-01
We investigate the supersymmetric Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model, N Majorana fermions with infinite range interactions in 0 +1 dimensions. We have found that, close to the ground state E ≈0 , discrete symmetries alter qualitatively the spectral properties with respect to the non-supersymmetric SYK model. The average spectral density at finite N , which we compute analytically and numerically, grows exponentially with N for E ≈0 . However the chiral condensate, which is normalized with respect the total number of eigenvalues, vanishes in the thermodynamic limit. Slightly above E ≈0 , the spectral density grows exponentially with the energy. Deep in the quantum regime, corresponding to the first O (N ) eigenvalues, the average spectral density is universal and well described by random matrix ensembles with chiral and superconducting discrete symmetries. The dynamics for E ≈0 is investigated by level fluctuations. Also in this case we find excellent agreement with the prediction of chiral and superconducting random matrix ensembles for eigenvalue separations smaller than the Thouless energy, which seems to scale linearly with N . Deviations beyond the Thouless energy, which describes how ergodicity is approached, are universally characterized by a quadratic growth of the number variance. In the time domain, we have found analytically that the spectral form factor g (t ), obtained from the connected two-level correlation function of the unfolded spectrum, decays as 1 /t2 for times shorter but comparable to the Thouless time with g (0 ) related to the coefficient of the quadratic growth of the number variance. Our results provide further support that quantum black holes are ergodic and therefore can be classified by random matrix theory.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grab, Sebastian
2009-08-01
The most widely studied supersymmetric scenario is the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with more than a hundred free parameters. However for detailed phenomenological studies, the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model, a restricted and well-motivated framework for the MSSM, is more convenient. In this model, lepton- and baryon-number violating interactions are suppressed by a discrete symmetry, R-parity or proton-hexality, to keep the proton stable. However, it is sufficient to forbid only lepton- or baryon-number violation. We thus extend mSUGRA models by adding a proton-hexality violating operator at the grand unification scale. This can change the supersymmetric spectrum leading on the one hand to a sneutrino, smuon or squark as the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP). On the other hand, a wide parameter region is reopened, where the scalar tau (stau) is the LSP. We investigate in detail the conditions leading to non-neutralino LSP scenarios. We take into account the restrictions from neutrino masses, the muon anomalous magnetic moment, b→sγ, and other precision measurements. We furthermore investigate existing restrictions from direct searches at LEP, the Tevatron, and the CERN p anti p collider. It is vital to know the nature of the LSP, since supersymmetric particles normally cascade decay down to the LSP at collider experiments. We present typical LHC signatures for sneutrino LSP scenarios. Promising signatures are high-p T muons and jets, like-sign muon events and detached vertices from long lived taus. We also classify the stau LSP decays and describe their dependence on the mSUGRA parameters. We then exploit our results for resonant single slepton production at the LHC. We find novel signatures with like-sign muon and three- and four-muon final states. Finally, we perform a detailed analysis for single slepton production in association with a single top quark. We show that the signal can be distinguished from the background at the LHC
Supersymmetric gauge field theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Slavnov, A.A.
1976-01-01
The paper is dealing with the role of supersymmetric gauge theories in the quantum field theory. Methods of manipulating the theories as well as possibilities of their application in elementary particle physics are presented. In particular, the necessity is explained of a theory in which there is symmetry between Fermi and Bose fields, in other words, of the supersymmetric gauge theory for construction of a scheme for the Higgs particle connecting parameters of scalar mesons with those of the rest fields. The mechanism of supersymmetry breaking is discussed which makes it possible to remain the symmetric procedure of renormalization intact. The above mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking is applied to demonstrate possibilities of constructing models of weak and electromagnetic interactions which would be acceptable from the point of view of experiments. It is noted that the supersymmetric gauge theories represent a natural technique for description of vector-like models
Constraining supersymmetric models using Higgs physics, precision observables and direct searches
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zeune, Lisa
2014-08-01
We present various complementary possibilities to exploit experimental measurements in order to test and constrain supersymmetric (SUSY) models. Direct searches for SUSY particles have not resulted in any signal so far, and limits on the SUSY parameter space have been set. Measurements of the properties of the observed Higgs boson at ∝126 GeV as well as of the W boson mass (M W ) can provide valuable indirect constraints, supplementing the ones from direct searches. This thesis is divided into three major parts: In the first part we present the currently most precise prediction for M W in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with complex parameters and in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM). The evaluation includes the full one-loop result and all relevant available higher order corrections of Standard Model (SM) and SUSY type. We perform a detailed scan over the MSSM parameter space, taking into account the latest experimental results, including the observation of a Higgs signal. We find that the current measurements for M W and the top quark mass (m t ) slightly favour a non-zero SUSY contribution. The impact of different SUSY sectors on the prediction of M W as well as the size of the higher-order SUSY corrections are analysed both in the MSSM and the NMSSM. We investigate the genuine NMSSM contribution from the extended Higgs and neutralino sectors and highlight differences between the M W predictions in the two SUSY models. In the second part of the thesis we discuss possible interpretations of the observed Higgs signal in SUSY models. The properties of the observed Higgs boson are compatible with the SM so far, but many other interpretations are also possible. Performing scans over the relevant parts of the MSSM and the NMSSM parameter spaces and applying relevant constraints from Higgs searches, flavour physics and electroweak measurements, we find that a Higgs boson at ∝126 GeV, which decays into two photons, can in
Instantons in supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Novikov, V.A.; Shifman, M.A.; Vajnshtejn, A.I.; Zakharov, V.I.
1982-01-01
Instanton effects are considered for a sample of supersymmetric theories: quantum mechanics, gluodynamics. Higgs model. The problem is how to reconcile the apparent lack of the boson-fermion symmetry in the effective instanton induced interaction with supersymmetry of the corresponding lagrangians. It is shown that in case of quantum mechanics and Higgs model there is no conflict between supersymmetry and the instanton calculus since the Ward identities, associated with the supersymmetry transformations, are satisfied. In case of supersymmetric gluodynamics the standard instanton calculus explicity violates the Ward identities. This is due to the lack of symmetry in the standard class of classical solutions used in the instanton calculus
Supersymmetric extensions of K field theories
Adam, C.; Queiruga, J. M.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.
2012-02-01
We review the recently developed supersymmetric extensions of field theories with non-standard kinetic terms (so-called K field theories) in two an three dimensions. Further, we study the issue of topological defect formation in these supersymmetric theories. Specifically, we find supersymmetric K field theories which support topological kinks in 1+1 dimensions as well as supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model for arbitrary nonnegative potentials in 2+1 dimensions.
On the Higgs-like boson in the minimal supersymmetric 3-3-1 model
Ferreira, J. G.; Pires, C. A. de S.; da Silva, P. S. Rodrigues; Siqueira, Clarissa
2018-03-01
It is imperative that any proposal of new physics beyond the standard model possesses a Higgs-like boson with 125 GeV of mass and couplings with the standard particles that recover the branching ratios and signal strengths as measured by CMS and ATLAS. We address this issue within the supersymmetric version of the minimal 3-3-1 model. For this we develop the Higgs potential with focus on the lightest Higgs provided by the model. Our proposal is to verify if it recovers the properties of the Standard Model Higgs. With respect to its mass, we calculate it up to one loop level by taking into account all contributions provided by the model. In regard to its couplings, we restrict our investigation to couplings of the Higgs-like boson with the standard particles, only. We then calculate the dominant branching ratios and the respective signal strengths and confront our results with the recent measurements of CMS and ATLAS. As distinctive aspects, we remark that our Higgs-like boson intermediates flavor changing neutral processes and has as signature the decay t → h+c. We calculate its branching ratio and compare it with current bounds. We also show that the Higgs potential of the model is stable for the region of parameter space employed in our calculations.
Dynamical symmetry breakdown in SU(5) and SO(10)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shellard, R.C.
1983-09-01
Some restrictions imposed upon Grand Unified Theories by dynamical symmetry breakdown are examined. It is observed in particular, that theories with SU(5) as symmetry group, with 3 or more fermion families undergo dynamical symmetry breakdown, and some of the fermions will acquire mass at the Grand Unified scale. On the other hand, the SO(10) group, with 3 families is free from this problem. (Author) [pt
Flavor changing processes in supersymmetric models with hybrid gauge- and gravity-mediation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hiller, Gudrun; Hochberg, Yonit; Nir, Yosef
2009-01-01
We consider supersymmetric models where gauge mediation provides the dominant contributions to the soft supersymmetry breaking terms while gravity mediation provides sub-dominant yet non-negligible contributions. We further assume that the gravity-mediated contributions are subject to selection rules that follow from a Froggatt-Nielsen symmetry. This class of models constitutes an example of viable and natural non-minimally flavor violating models. The constraints from K 0 -K-bar 0 mixing imply that the modifications to the Standard Model predictions for B d -B-bar d and B s - B-bar s mixing are generically at most at the percent level, but can be of order ten percent for large tan β. The modifications for D 0 -D-bar 0 mixing are generically at most of order a few percent, but in a special subclass of models they can be of order one. We point out ΔB = 1 processes relevant for flavor violation in hybrid mediation.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gipson, J.M.; Marshak, R.E.
1984-01-01
The supersymmetric versions of the left-right-symmetric SU/sub C/(4) x SU/sub L/(2) x SU/sub R/(2) Pati-Salam theory and the grand unified SO(10) theory are studied. In the minimal versions of these models the requirement of soft or spontaneous breaking of supersymmetry, together with renormalizibility, leads to an accidental global U(1) symmetry which leads to baryon-number conservation. A necessary condition for this symmetry to be broken is the existence of fields which are antisymmetric in at least two SU/sub C/(4) indices. The introduction of such fields may allow for observable neutron oscillation
Supersymmetric model for dark matter and baryogenesis motivated by the recent CDMS result.
Allahverdi, Rouzbeh; Dutta, Bhaskar; Mohapatra, Rabindra N; Sinha, Kuver
2013-08-02
We discuss a supersymmetric model for cogenesis of dark and baryonic matter where the dark matter (DM) has mass in the 8-10 GeV range as indicated by several direct detection searches, including most recently the CDMS experiment with the desired cross section. The DM candidate is a real scalar field. Two key distinguishing features of the model are the following: (i) in contrast with the conventional weakly interacting massive particle dark matter scenarios where thermal freeze-out is responsible for the observed relic density, our model uses nonthermal production of dark matter after reheating of the Universe caused by moduli decay at temperatures below the QCD phase transition, a feature which alleviates the relic overabundance problem caused by small annihilation cross section of light DM particles and (ii) baryogenesis occurs also at similar low temperatures from the decay of TeV scale mediator particles arising from moduli decay. A possible test of this model is the existence of colored particles with TeV masses accessible at the LHC.
A minimal supersymmetric model of particle physics and the early universe
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Buchmueller, W.; Domcke, V.; Kamada, K.; Schmitz, K.
2013-11-01
We consider a minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model, with right-handed neutrinos and local B-L, the difference between baryon and lepton number, a symmetry which is spontaneously broken at the scale of grand unification. To a large extent, the parameters of the model are determined by gauge and Yukawa couplings of quarks and leptons. We show that this minimal model can successfully account for the earliest phases of the cosmological evolution: Inflation is driven by the energy density of a false vacuum of unbroken B-L symmetry, which ends in tachyonic preheating, i.e. the decay of the false vacuum, followed by a matter dominated phase with heavy B-L Higgs bosons. Nonthermal and thermal processes produce an abundance of heavy neutrinos whose decays generate primordial entropy, baryon asymmetry via leptogenesis and dark matter consisting of gravitinos or nonthermal WIMPs. The model predicts relations between neutrino and superparticle masses and a characteristic spectrum of gravitational waves.
A minimal supersymmetric model of particle physics and the early universe
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buchmueller, W.; Domcke, V.; Kamada, K. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Schmitz, K. [Tokyo Univ., Kashiwa (Japan). Kavli IPMU, TODIAS
2013-11-15
We consider a minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model, with right-handed neutrinos and local B-L, the difference between baryon and lepton number, a symmetry which is spontaneously broken at the scale of grand unification. To a large extent, the parameters of the model are determined by gauge and Yukawa couplings of quarks and leptons. We show that this minimal model can successfully account for the earliest phases of the cosmological evolution: Inflation is driven by the energy density of a false vacuum of unbroken B-L symmetry, which ends in tachyonic preheating, i.e. the decay of the false vacuum, followed by a matter dominated phase with heavy B-L Higgs bosons. Nonthermal and thermal processes produce an abundance of heavy neutrinos whose decays generate primordial entropy, baryon asymmetry via leptogenesis and dark matter consisting of gravitinos or nonthermal WIMPs. The model predicts relations between neutrino and superparticle masses and a characteristic spectrum of gravitational waves.
Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics and Topology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wasay, Muhammad Abdul
2016-01-01
Supersymmetric quantum mechanical models are computed by the path integral approach. In the β→0 limit, the integrals localize to the zero modes. This allows us to perform the index computations exactly because of supersymmetric localization, and we will show how the geometry of target space enters the physics of sigma models resulting in the relationship between the supersymmetric model and the geometry of the target space in the form of topological invariants. Explicit computation details are given for the Euler characteristics of the target manifold and the index of Dirac operator for the model on a spin manifold.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Catterall, Simon
2013-01-01
Discretization of supersymmetric theories is an old problem in lattice field theory. It has resisted solution until quite recently when new ideas drawn from orbifold constructions and topological field theory have been brought to bear on the question. The result has been the creation of a new class of lattice gauge theory in which the lattice action is invariant under one or more supersymmetries. The resultant theories are local and free of doublers and in the case of Yang-Mills theories also possess exact gauge invariance. In principle they form the basis for a truly non-perturbative definition of the continuum supersymmetric field theory. In this talk these ideas are reviewed with particular emphasis being placed on N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Srednicki, M.
1981-01-01
I will discuss some work I recently completed with M. Dine and W. Fischler on supersymmetric technicolor. E. Witten and S. Dimopoulos and S. Raby have considered similar ideas. Our central idea is to combine supersymmetry and technicolor to produce a natural theory which is capable of reproducing all the known phenomenology of particle physics, especially the quark-lepton mass spectrum and the absence of flavor changing neutral currents. Supersymmetry allows us to introduce fundamental scalars which are naturally light. Some of these scalars play the role of Higgs fields, and give mass to quarks and leptons via ordinary Yukawa couplings (which are chosen so that we get the correct masses and mixing angles). The supersymmetric partners of all known particles turn out to be too heavy to have been observed in experiments to data; many of them, however, weigh less than 100 GeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ibrahim, Tarek; Nath, Pran
2010-01-01
The electric dipole moment (EDM) of the top quark is calculated in a model with a vector like multiplet which mixes with the third generation in an extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. Such mixings allow for new CP violating phases. Including these new CP phases, the EDM of the top in this class of models is computed. The top EDM arises from loops involving the exchange of the W, the Z as well as from the exchange involving the charginos, the neutralinos, the gluino, and the vector like multiplet and their superpartners. The analysis of the EDM of the top is more complicated than for the light quarks because the mass of the external fermion, in this case the top quark mass cannot be ignored relative to the masses inside the loops. A numerical analysis is presented and it is shown that the top EDM could be close to 10 -19 ecm consistent with the current limits on the EDM of the electron, the neutron and on atomic EDMs. A top EDM of size 10 -19 ecm could be accessible in collider experiments such as the International Linear Collider.
On SW-minimal models and N=1 supersymmetric quantum Toda-field theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mallwitz, S.
1994-04-01
Integrable N=1 supersymmetric Toda-field theories are determined by a contragredient simple Super-Lie-Algebra (SSLS) with purely fermionic lowering and raising operators. For the SSLA's Osp(3/2) and D(2/1;α) we construct explicitly the higher spin conserved currents and obtain free field representations of the super W-algebras SW(3/2,2) and SW(3/2,3/2,2). In constructing the corresponding series of minimal models using covariant vertex operators, we find a necessary restriction on the Cartan matrix of the SSLA, also for the general case. Within this framework, this restriction claims that there be a minimum of one non-vanishing element on the diagonal of the Cartan matrix. This condition is without parallel in bosonic conformal field theory. As a consequence only two series of SSLA's yield minimal models, namely Osp(2n/2n-1) and Osp(2n/2n+1). Subsequently some general aspects of degenerate representations of SW-algebras, notably the fusion rules, are investigated. As an application we discuss minimal models of SW(3/2, 2), which were constructed with independent methods, in this framework. Covariant formulation is used throughout this paper. (orig.)
Gravitino and scalar {tau}-lepton decays in supersymmetric models with broken R-parity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hajer, Jan
2010-06-15
Mildly broken R-parity is known to provide a solution to the cosmological gravitino problem in supergravity extensions of the Standard Model. In this work we consider new effects occurring in the R-parity breaking Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model including right-handed neutrino superfields. We calculate the most general vacuum expectation values of neutral scalar fields including left- and right-handed scalar neutrinos. Additionally, we derive the corresponding mass mixing matrices of the scalar sector. We recalculate the neutrino mass generation mechanisms due to right- handed neutrinos as well as by cause of R-parity breaking. Furthermore, we obtain a, so far, unknown formula for the neutrino masses for the case where both mechanisms are effective. We then constrain the couplings to bilinear R-parity violating couplings in order to accommodate R-parity breaking to experimental results. In order to constrain the family structure with a U(1){sub Q} flavor symmetry we furthermore embed the particle content into an SU(5) Grand Unified Theory. In this model we calculate the signal of decaying gravitino dark matter as well as the dominant decay channel of a likely NLSP, the scalar {tau}-lepton. Comparing the gravitino signal with results of the Fermi Large Area Telescope enables us to find a lower bound on the decay length of scalar {tau}-leptons in collider experiments. (orig.)
Gravitino and scalar τ-lepton decays in supersymmetric models with broken R-parity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hajer, Jan
2010-01-01
Mildly broken R-parity is known to provide a solution to the cosmological gravitino problem in supergravity extensions of the Standard Model. In this work we consider new effects occurring in the R-parity breaking Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model including right-handed neutrino superfields. We calculate the most general vacuum expectation values of neutral scalar fields including left- and right-handed scalar neutrinos. Additionally, we derive the corresponding mass mixing matrices of the scalar sector. We recalculate the neutrino mass generation mechanisms due to right- handed neutrinos as well as by cause of R-parity breaking. Furthermore, we obtain a, so far, unknown formula for the neutrino masses for the case where both mechanisms are effective. We then constrain the couplings to bilinear R-parity violating couplings in order to accommodate R-parity breaking to experimental results. In order to constrain the family structure with a U(1) Q flavor symmetry we furthermore embed the particle content into an SU(5) Grand Unified Theory. In this model we calculate the signal of decaying gravitino dark matter as well as the dominant decay channel of a likely NLSP, the scalar τ-lepton. Comparing the gravitino signal with results of the Fermi Large Area Telescope enables us to find a lower bound on the decay length of scalar τ-leptons in collider experiments. (orig.)
μ-τ symmetry and charged lepton mass hierarchy in a supersymmetric D4 model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hagedorn, C.; Ziegler, R.
2010-01-01
In this paper we discuss a supersymmetric D 4 xZ 5 model which leads to vanishing reactor mixing angle θ 13 =0 and maximal atmospheric mixing θ 23 =π/4 in the lepton sector at leading order, due to the preservation of nontrivial distinct D 4 subgroups in the charged lepton and neutrino sectors, respectively. The solar mixing angle θ 12 remains undetermined and is expected to be of order one. Since right-handed charged leptons transform as singlets under D 4 , the charged lepton mass hierarchy can be naturally accounted for. The model predicts inverted mass hierarchy for neutrinos. Additionally, we show that, unlike in most of the other models of this type, all vacuum expectation values of gauge singlets (flavons) can be determined through mass parameters of the superpotential. Next-to-leading order corrections to lepton masses and mixings are calculated and shown to be under control; in particular, the corrections to θ 23 =π/4 and θ 13 =0 are of the order of the generic expansion parameter ε≅0.04 and arise dominantly from the charged lepton sector.
Study of Higgs self couplings of a supersymmetric E6 model at the international linear collider
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ham, S. W.; Han, K. D.; Lee, J. I.; Oh, S. K.
2010-01-01
We study the Higgs self couplings of a supersymmetric E 6 model that has two Higgs doublets and two Higgs singlets. The lightest scalar Higgs boson in the model may be heavier than 112 GeV, at the one-loop level, where the negative results for the Higgs search at the LEP2 experiments are taken into account. The contributions from the top and scalar top quark loops are included in the radiative corrections to the one-loop mass of the lightest scalar Higgs boson in the effective potential approximation. The effect of the Higgs self couplings may be observed in the production of the lightest scalar Higgs bosons in e + e - collisions at the International Linear Collider (ILC) via the double Higgs-strahlung process. For the center of mass energy of 500 GeV with an integrated luminosity of 500 fb -1 and an efficiency of 20%, we expect that at least 5 events of the lightest scalar Higgs boson may be produced at the ILC via the double Higgs-strahlung process.
Z-Z' mass hierarchy in a supersymmetric model with a secluded U(1)'-breaking sector
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Erler, Jens; Langacker, Paul; Li Tianjun
2002-01-01
We consider the Z ' /Z mass hierarchy in a supersymmetric model in which the U(1) ' is broken in a secluded sector coupled to the ordinary sector only by gauge and possibly soft terms. A large mass hierarchy can be achieved while maintaining the normal sparticle spectra if there is a direction in which the tree level potential becomes flat when a particular Yukawa coupling vanishes. We describe the conditions needed for the desired breaking pattern, to avoid unwanted global symmetries, and for an acceptable effective μ parameter. The electroweak breaking is dominated by A terms rather than scalar masses, leading to tan β≅1. The spectrum of the symmetry breaking sector is displayed. There is significant mixing between the MSSM particles and new standard model singlets, for both the Higgs scalars and the neutralinos. A larger Yukawa coupling for the effective μ parameter is allowed than in the NMSSM because of the U(1) ' contribution to the running from a high scale. The upper bound on the tree-level mass of the lightest CP even Higgs doublet mass is about cx174 GeV, where c is of order unity, but the actual mass eigenvalues are generally smaller because of singlet mixing
The t-J model at small t/j: Numerical, perturbative, and supersymmetric results
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Barnes, T.; Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN
1991-02-01
We discuss some recent results for one- and two-hole states in the t-J model at small t/J. These include numerical results (bandwidth determinations and accurate t/J values for 4 x 4 lattice one-hole ground-state level crossings), hopping-parameter perturbation theory (which gives the small-t/J one-hole bandwidth in terms of the static-vacancy ground state), and results at the supersymmetric point t/J = 1/2 (exact results for energies and bandwidths.) The perturbative results leads us to a new conjecture regarding the staggered magnetization of higher-spin states in the two-dimensional Heisenberg model. We also discuss extrapolation of small-t/J results to high-T c parameter values; in the two-hole ground states we find (t/J) λ behavior in the rms hole-hole separation, and an extrapolation to t/J = 3 gives a bulk-limit rms hole-hole separation of ∼ 7 angstrom. 18 refs., 6 figs
Asymmetric dark matter from spontaneous cogenesis in the supersymmetric standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kamada, Kohei [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Yamaguchi, Masahide [Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan). Dept. of Physics
2012-01-15
The observational relation between the density of baryon and dark matter in the Universe, {omega}{sub DM}/{omega}{sub B}{approx_equal}5, is one of the most difficult problems to solve in modern cosmology. We discuss a scenario that explains this relation by combining the asymmetric dark matter scenario and the spontaneous baryogenesis associated with the flat direction in the supersymmetric standard model. A part of baryon asymmetry is transferred to charge asymmetry D that dark matter carries, if a symmetry violating interaction that works at high temperature breaks not only B-L but also D symmetries simultaneously. In this case, the present number density of baryon and dark matter can be same order if the symmetric part of dark matter annihilates sufficiently. Moreover, the baryon number density can be enhanced as compared to that of dark matter if another B-L violating interaction is still in thermal equilibrium after the spontaneous genesis of dark matter, which accommodates a TeV scale asymmetric dark matter model. (orig.)
Supersymmetric seesaw inflection
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aulakh, Charanjit S.; Garg, Ila
2013-01-01
We showed that Supersymmetric Unified theories which explain small neutrino masses via renormalizable Type-I-see-saw mechanism can also support slow roll inflection point inflation. In such a scenario inflation occurs along a MSSM D-flat direction associated with gauge invariant combination of Higgs, slepton and right handed sneutrino. The scale of inflation is set by right handed neutrino mass M υc ∼10 6 10 12 GeV and inflation parameters are determined in terms of Dirac and Majorana couplings responsible for neutrino masses. The fine tuning conditions to have effective slow roll inflation are determined in terms of superpotential parameters (Dirac and Majorana couplings). This is in contrast to MSSM or Dirac neutrino inflection scenarios where fine tuning conditions are on soft Susy breaking parameters. In our case M υc ≫ M Susy , so soft Susy breaking parameters have hardly any role to play in fine tuning. The fine tuning conditions are thus radiatively stable due to nonrenormalization theorems. Reheating occurs via instant preheating which dumps all the inflation energy into MSSM degrees of freedom giving a high reheat temperature T rh ≅ M υc 10 6 GeV ∼ 10 1l 10 15 GeV. We also examined how this scenario can be embedded in realistic New Minimal Supersymmetric SO(10) Grand Unified Theory. (author)
Dark Matter in B – L supersymmetric Standard Model with inverse seesaw
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abdallah, W. [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613 (Egypt); Khalil, S., E-mail: awaleed@sci.cu.edu.eg, E-mail: s.khalil@zewailcity.edu.eg [Center for Fundamental Physics, Zewail City of Science and Technology, 6 October City, Giza 12588 (Egypt)
2017-04-01
We show that the B – L Supersymmetric Standard Model with Inverse Seesaw (BLSSMIS) provides new Dark Matter (DM) candidates (lightest right-handed sneutrino and lightest B – L neutralino) with mass of order few hundreds GeV, while most of other SUSY spectrum can be quite heavy, consistently with the current Large Hadron Collider (LHC) constraints. We emphasize that the thermal relic abundance and direct detection experiments via relic neutralino scattering with nuclei impose stringent constraints on the B – L neutralinos. These constraints can be satisfied by few points in the parameter space where the B – L lightest neutralino is higgsino-like, which cannot explain the observed Galactic Center (GC) gamma-ray excess measured by Fermi-LAT. The lightest right-handed sneutrino DM is analysed. We show that for a wide region of parameter space the lightest right-handed sneutrino, with mass between 80 GeV and 1.2 TeV, can satisfy the limits of the relic abundance and the scattering cross section with nuclei. We also show that the lightest right-handed sneutrino with mass O(100) GeV can account for the observed GC gamma-ray results.
Exact scattering in the SU(n) supersymmetric principal chiral model
Evans, J M; Evans, Jonathan M; Hollowood, Timothy J
1997-01-01
The complete spectrum of states in the supersymmetric principal chiral model based on SU(n) is conjectured, and an exact factorizable S-matrix is proposed to describe scattering amongst these states. The SU(n)_L*SU(n)_R symmetry of the lagrangian is manifest in the S-matrix construction. The supersymmetries, on the other hand, are incorporated in the guise of spin-1/2 charges acting on a set of RSOS kinks associated with su(n) at level n. To test the proposed S-matrix, calculations of the change in the ground-state energy in the presence of a coupling to a background charge are carried out. The results derived from the lagrangian using perturbation theory and from the S-matrix using the TBA are found to be in complete agreement for a variety of background charges which pick out, in turn, the highest weight states in each of the fundamental representations of SU(n). In particular, these methods rule out the possibility of additional CDD factors in the S-matrix. Comparison of the expressions found for the free-...
Grand unified supersymmetric Higgs bosons as pseudo-Goldstone particles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Barbieri, R.; Dvali, G.; Strumia, A.
1993-01-01
We reconsider the possibility that the Higgs doublet responsible for the breaking of the electroweak gauge group be quasi-Goldstone bosons of a spontaneously broken approximate global symmetry of the theory. Supersymmetric SU(5) and SO(10) gauge models are discussed. The main phenomenological consequence of this viewpoint is the possible existence at the Fermi scale of a quasi-stable particle, most likely a Lorentz scalar, with the same colour and charge as a down quark. Its existence is a generic feature of models based on SO(10). The associated phenomoenological is illustrated. We also show how the phenomenology of the minimal SU(5) theory, already proposed, gets tightly constrained by the consideration of coupling constant unification without any assumption, otherwise crucial, on the superheavy threshold effects. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Parida, M.K.; Nayak, Bidyut Prava; Satpathy, Rajesh [Centre of Excellence in Theoretical and Mathematical Sciences,Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University,Khandagiri Square, Bhubaneswar 751030 (India); Awasthi, Ram Lal [Indian Institute of Science Education and Research,Knowledge City, Sector 81, SAS Nagar, Manauli 140306 (India)
2017-04-12
We discuss gauge coupling unification of SU(3){sub C}×SU(2){sub L}×U(1){sub Y} descending directly from non-supersymmetric SO(10) while providing solutions to the three outstanding problems of the standard model: neutrino masses, dark matter, and the baryon asymmetry of the universe. Conservation of matter parity as gauged discrete symmetry for the stability and identification of dark matter in the model calls for high-scale spontaneous symmetry breaking through 126{sub H} Higgs representation. This naturally leads to the hybrid seesaw formula for neutrino masses mediated by heavy scalar triplet and right-handed neutrinos. Being quadratic in the Majorana coupling, the seesaw formula predicts two distinct patterns of right-handed neutrino masses, one hierarchical and another not so hierarchical (or compact), when fitted with the neutrino oscillation data. Predictions of the baryon asymmetry via leptogenesis are investigated through the decays of both the patterns of RHν masses. A complete flavor analysis has been carried out to compute CP-asymmetries including washouts and solutions to Boltzmann equations have been utilised to predict the baryon asymmetry. The additional contribution to vertex correction mediated by the heavy left-handed triplet scalar is noted to contribute as dominantly as other Feynman diagrams. We have found successful predictions of the baryon asymmetry for both the patterns of right-handed neutrino masses. The SU(2){sub L} triplet fermionic dark matter at the TeV scale carrying even matter parity is naturally embedded into the non-standard fermionic representation 45{sub F} of SO(10). In addition to the triplet scalar and the triplet fermion, the model needs a nonstandard color octet fermion of mass ∼5×10{sup 7} GeV to achieve precision gauge coupling unification at the GUT mass scale M{sub U}{sup 0}=10{sup 15.56} GeV. Threshold corrections due to superheavy components of 126{sub H} and other representations are estimated and found to be
Fixed point and anomaly mediation in partial {\\boldsymbol{N}}=2 supersymmetric standard models
Yin, Wen
2018-01-01
Motivated by the simple toroidal compactification of extra-dimensional SUSY theories, we investigate a partial N = 2 supersymmetric (SUSY) extension of the standard model which has an N = 2 SUSY sector and an N = 1 SUSY sector. We point out that below the scale of the partial breaking of N = 2 to N = 1, the ratio of Yukawa to gauge couplings embedded in the original N = 2 gauge interaction in the N = 2 sector becomes greater due to a fixed point. Since at the partial breaking scale the sfermion masses in the N = 2 sector are suppressed due to the N = 2 non-renormalization theorem, the anomaly mediation effect becomes important. If dominant, the anomaly-induced masses for the sfermions in the N = 2 sector are almost UV-insensitive due to the fixed point. Interestingly, these masses are always positive, i.e. there is no tachyonic slepton problem. From an example model, we show interesting phenomena differing from ordinary MSSM. In particular, the dark matter particle can be a sbino, i.e. the scalar component of the N = 2 vector multiplet of {{U}}{(1)}Y. To obtain the correct dark matter abundance, the mass of the sbino, as well as the MSSM sparticles in the N = 2 sector which have a typical mass pattern of anomaly mediation, is required to be small. Therefore, this scenario can be tested and confirmed in the LHC and may be further confirmed by the measurement of the N = 2 Yukawa couplings in future colliders. This model can explain dark matter, the muon g-2 anomaly, and gauge coupling unification, and relaxes some ordinary problems within the MSSM. It is also compatible with thermal leptogenesis.
Nearly Supersymmetric Dark Atoms
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Behbahani, Siavosh R.; Jankowiak, Martin; /SLAC /Stanford U., ITP; Rube, Tomas; /Stanford U., ITP; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC /Stanford U., ITP
2011-08-12
Theories of dark matter that support bound states are an intriguing possibility for the identity of the missing mass of the Universe. This article proposes a class of models of supersymmetric composite dark matter where the interactions with the Standard Model communicate supersymmetry breaking to the dark sector. In these models supersymmetry breaking can be treated as a perturbation on the spectrum of bound states. Using a general formalism, the spectrum with leading supersymmetry effects is computed without specifying the details of the binding dynamics. The interactions of the composite states with the Standard Model are computed and several benchmark models are described. General features of non-relativistic supersymmetric bound states are emphasized.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Grab, Sebastian
2009-08-15
The most widely studied supersymmetric scenario is the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with more than a hundred free parameters. However for detailed phenomenological studies, the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model, a restricted and well-motivated framework for the MSSM, is more convenient. In this model, lepton- and baryon-number violating interactions are suppressed by a discrete symmetry, R-parity or proton-hexality, to keep the proton stable. However, it is sufficient to forbid only lepton- or baryon-number violation. We thus extend mSUGRA models by adding a proton-hexality violating operator at the grand unification scale. This can change the supersymmetric spectrum leading on the one hand to a sneutrino, smuon or squark as the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP). On the other hand, a wide parameter region is reopened, where the scalar tau (stau) is the LSP. We investigate in detail the conditions leading to non-neutralino LSP scenarios. We take into account the restrictions from neutrino masses, the muon anomalous magnetic moment, b{yields}s{gamma}, and other precision measurements. We furthermore investigate existing restrictions from direct searches at LEP, the Tevatron, and the CERN p anti p collider. It is vital to know the nature of the LSP, since supersymmetric particles normally cascade decay down to the LSP at collider experiments. We present typical LHC signatures for sneutrino LSP scenarios. Promising signatures are high-p{sub T} muons and jets, like-sign muon events and detached vertices from long lived taus. We also classify the stau LSP decays and describe their dependence on the mSUGRA parameters. We then exploit our results for resonant single slepton production at the LHC. We find novel signatures with like-sign muon and three- and four-muon final states. Finally, we perform a detailed analysis for single slepton production in association with a single top quark. We show that the signal can be distinguished from the background
Supersymmetric two-particle equations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sissakyan, A.N.; Skachkov, N.B.; Shevchenko, O.Yu.
1986-01-01
In the framework of the scalar superfield model, a particular case of which is the well-known Wess-Zumino model, the supersymmetric Schwinger equations are found. On their basis with the use of the second Legendre transformation the two-particle supersymmetric Edwards and Bethe-Salpeter equations are derived. A connection of the kernels and inhomogeneous terms of these equations with generating functional of the second Legendre transformation is found
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ganel, Ofer
1993-06-01
When LEP machine was turned on in August 1989, a new era had opened. For the first time, direct, model-independent searches for Higgs boson could be carried out. The Minimal Standard Model Higgs boson is expected to be produced in e + e - collisions via the H o Z o . The Minimal Supersymmetric Model Higgs boson are expected to be produced in the analogous e + e - -> h o Z o process or in pairs via the process e + e - -> h o A o . In this thesis we describe the search for Higgs bosons within the framework of the Minimal Standard Model and the Minimal Supersymmetric Model, using the data accumulated by the OPAL detector at LEP in the 1989, 1990, 1991 and part of the 1992 running periods at and around the Z o pole. An MInimal Supersymmetric Model Higgs boson generator is described as well as its use in several different searches. As a result of this work, the Minimal Standard Model Higgs boson mass is bounded from below by 54.2 GeV/c 2 at 95% C.L. This is, at present, the highest such bound. A novel method of overcoming the m τ and m s dependence of Minimal Supersymmetric Higgs boson production and decay introduced by one-loop radiative corrections is used to obtain model-independent exclusion. The thesis describes also an algorithm for off line identification of calorimeter noise in the OPAL detector. (author)
Testing SO(10)-inspired leptogenesis with low energy neutrino experiments
Di Bari, Pasquale
2011-01-01
We extend the results of a previous analysis of ours showing that, when both heavy and light flavour effects are taken into account, successful minimal (type I + thermal) leptogenesis with SO(10)-inspired relations is possible. Barring fine tuned choices of the parameters, these relations enforce a hierarchical RH neutrino mass spectrum that results into a final asymmetry dominantly produced by the next-to-lightest RH neutrino decays (N_2 dominated leptogenesis). We present the constraints on the whole set of low energy neutrino parameters. Allowing a small misalignment between the Dirac basis and the charged lepton basis as in the quark sector, the allowed regions enlarge and the lower bound on the reheating temperature gets relaxed to values as low as ~ 10^10 GeV. It is confirmed that for normal ordering (NO) there are two allowed ranges of values for the lightest neutrino mass: m_1 \\simeq (1-5)\\times 10^-3 eV and m_1\\simeq (0.03-0.1) eV. For m_1\\lesssim 0.01 eV the allowed region in the plane theta_13-thet...
Dynamics of supersymmetric chameleons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brax, Philippe; Davis, Anne-Christine; Sakstein, Jeremy
2013-01-01
We investigate the cosmological dynamics of a class of supersymmetric chameleon models coupled to cold dark matter fermions. The model includes a cosmological constant in the form of a Fayet-Illiopoulos term, which emerges at late times due to the coupling of the chameleon to two charged scalars. Supergravity corrections ensure that the supersymmetric chameleons are efficiently screened in all astrophysical objects of interest, however this does not preclude the enhancement of gravity on linear cosmological scales. We solve the modified equations for the growth of cold dark matter density perturbations in closed form in the matter era. Using this, we go on to derive the modified linear power spectrum which is characterised by two scales, the horizon size at matter-radiation equality and at the redshift when the chameleon reaches the minimum of its effective potential. We analyse the deviations from the ΛCDM predictions in the linear regime. We find that there is generically a region in the model's parameter space where the model's background cosmology coincides with that of the ΛCDM model. Furthermore, we find that characteristic deviations from ΛCDM are present on the matter power spectrum providing a clear signature of supersymmetric chameleons
Dynamics of supersymmetric chameleons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brax, Philippe [Institut de Physique Theorique, CEA, IPhT, CNRS, URA 2306, F-91191Gif/Yvette Cedex (France); Davis, Anne-Christine; Sakstein, Jeremy, E-mail: Philippe.Brax@cea.fr, E-mail: A.C.Davis@damtp.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: J.A.Sakstein@damtp.cam.ac.uk [DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)
2013-10-01
We investigate the cosmological dynamics of a class of supersymmetric chameleon models coupled to cold dark matter fermions. The model includes a cosmological constant in the form of a Fayet-Illiopoulos term, which emerges at late times due to the coupling of the chameleon to two charged scalars. Supergravity corrections ensure that the supersymmetric chameleons are efficiently screened in all astrophysical objects of interest, however this does not preclude the enhancement of gravity on linear cosmological scales. We solve the modified equations for the growth of cold dark matter density perturbations in closed form in the matter era. Using this, we go on to derive the modified linear power spectrum which is characterised by two scales, the horizon size at matter-radiation equality and at the redshift when the chameleon reaches the minimum of its effective potential. We analyse the deviations from the ΛCDM predictions in the linear regime. We find that there is generically a region in the model's parameter space where the model's background cosmology coincides with that of the ΛCDM model. Furthermore, we find that characteristic deviations from ΛCDM are present on the matter power spectrum providing a clear signature of supersymmetric chameleons.
Neutrino mixing and oscillation in a grand unified field theory SO(10)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tanaka, K.
1980-01-01
The investigation shows that it is very difficult to achieve neutrino mixing of other than the V/sub μ/-ν/sub tau/ type in any minimal SO(10) model in which neutrino masses are generated by the Gell-Mann-Ramond-Slansky mechanism, because of the severe constraints placed on the mass matrix by quark phenomenology
How to quantize supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smilga, A.V.
1985-01-01
A recipe for resolving the ordering ambiguities in quantum hamiltonians of supersymmetric theories is suggested. The Weyl ordering procedure applied to classical supercharges expressed as functions on the phase space of a classically supersymmetric system is shown to result in quantum operators which satisfy usual SUSY algebra. The quantum hamiltonian does not always coincide with the Weyl ordered classical hamiltonian function. The difference is due to that the Weyl symbol of the supercharge anticommutator does not coincide with the Poisson bracket of their Weyl symbols (i.e. the classical hamiltonian). The procedure is applied to supersymmetric σ-models (both N=2 and N=1 cases are analyzed) and also to the supersymmetric SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. Only quantum mechanical systems following from field theories when fields are assumed to be independent of space coordinates are considered. For gauge theories thesuggested recipe for quantization leads to the same result as the well-known Dirac recipe
Information on the gauge principle from an N=1/2, D=2 supersymmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dias, S.A.; Doria, R.M.; Valle, J.L.M.
1988-01-01
The gauge principle does not only work to generate interactions. It potentially yields an abundance of gauge-potential fields transforming under the same local symmetry group. In order to show evidences of this property this work gauge-covariantizes an N = 1/2, D = 2 supersymmetric theory. Then, by relaxing the so-called conventional constraint, a second gauge-potential field naturally emerges. (author) [pt
Duality in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Peskin, M.E.
1997-02-01
These lectures provide an introduction to the behavior of strongly-coupled supersymmetric gauge theories. After a discussion of the effective Lagrangian in nonsupersymmetric and supersymmetric field theories, the author analyzes the qualitative behavior of the simplest illustrative models. These include supersymmetric QCD for N{sub f} < N{sub c}, in which the superpotential is generated nonperturbatively, N = 2 SU(2) Yang-Mills theory (the Seiberg-Witten model), in which the nonperturbative behavior of the effect coupling is described geometrically, and supersymmetric QCD for N{sub f} large, in which the theory illustrates a non-Abelian generalization of electric-magnetic duality. 75 refs., 12 figs.
Duality in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Peskin, M.E.
1997-02-01
These lectures provide an introduction to the behavior of strongly-coupled supersymmetric gauge theories. After a discussion of the effective Lagrangian in nonsupersymmetric and supersymmetric field theories, the author analyzes the qualitative behavior of the simplest illustrative models. These include supersymmetric QCD for N f c , in which the superpotential is generated nonperturbatively, N = 2 SU(2) Yang-Mills theory (the Seiberg-Witten model), in which the nonperturbative behavior of the effect coupling is described geometrically, and supersymmetric QCD for N f large, in which the theory illustrates a non-Abelian generalization of electric-magnetic duality. 75 refs., 12 figs
Chaos and random matrices in supersymmetric SYK
Hunter-Jones, Nicholas; Liu, Junyu
2018-05-01
We use random matrix theory to explore late-time chaos in supersymmetric quantum mechanical systems. Motivated by the recent study of supersymmetric SYK models and their random matrix classification, we consider the Wishart-Laguerre unitary ensemble and compute the spectral form factors and frame potentials to quantify chaos and randomness. Compared to the Gaussian ensembles, we observe the absence of a dip regime in the form factor and a slower approach to Haar-random dynamics. We find agreement between our random matrix analysis and predictions from the supersymmetric SYK model, and discuss the implications for supersymmetric chaotic systems.
The massless limit of supersymmetric QCD
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Davis, A.C.; Dine, M.; Seiberg, N.
1983-01-01
We construct an effective lagrangian for supersymmetric QCD, using a simple set of rules. The model with non-zero quark mass, msub(q), has at least N supersymmetric vacua, where N is the number of colors (in agreement with Witten's index). These vacua move to infinity as msub(q)->0. We study the possibility of supersymmetric breaking at msub(q)=0. (orig.)
Hahn, T; Heinemeyer, S; Hollik, W; Rzehak, H; Weiglein, G
2014-04-11
For the interpretation of the signal discovered in the Higgs searches at the LHC it will be crucial in particular to discriminate between the minimal Higgs sector realized in the standard model (SM) and its most commonly studied extension, the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). The measured mass value, having already reached the level of a precision observable with an experimental accuracy of about 500 MeV, plays an important role in this context. In the MSSM the mass of the light CP-even Higgs boson, Mh, can directly be predicted from the other parameters of the model. The accuracy of this prediction should at least match the one of the experimental result. The relatively high mass value of about 126 GeV has led to many investigations where the scalar top quarks are in the multi-TeV range. We improve the prediction for Mh in the MSSM by combining the existing fixed-order result, comprising the full one-loop and leading and subleading two-loop corrections, with a resummation of the leading and subleading logarithmic contributions from the scalar top sector to all orders. In this way for the first time a high-precision prediction for the mass of the light CP-even Higgs boson in the MSSM is possible all the way up to the multi-TeV region of the relevant supersymmetric particles. The results are included in the code FEYNHIGGS.
Symmetric neutrino mass matrix with two zeros in SUSY SO(10) GUT
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bando, Masako; Kaneko, Satoru; Obara, Midori; Tanimoto, Morimitsu
2004-01-01
We study the symmetric 2-zero texture of lepton and quark mass matrix, for the SUSY SO(10) GUT model including the Pati-Salam symmetry. We show that our model can simultaneously explain the current neutrino experimental data, predicted rate of lepton flavor violating processes are safely below the experimental bounds and baryon asymmetry of the universe can be obtained through thermal leptogenesis. (author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Carvalho, L. Faria; Toppan, F., E-mail: leofc@cbpf.b, E-mail: toppan@cbpf.b [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Kuznetsova, Z., E-mail: zhanna.kuznetsova@ufabc.edu.b [Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC), Santo Andre, SP (Brazil)
2009-07-01
We discuss four off-shell N = 4 D = 1 supersymmetry transformations, their associated one-dimensional -models and their mutual relations. They are given by I - the (4, 4){sub lin} linear 'root' supermultiplet (supersymmetric extension of R{sup 4}), II - the (3, 4, 1){sub lin} linear supermultiplet (supersymmetric extension of R3), III - the (3, 4, 1){sub nl} non-linear supermultiplet living on S{sup 3} and IV - the (2, 4, 2){sub nl} non-linear supermultiplet living on S{sup 2}. The I {yields} II map is the supersymmetric extension of the R4 {yields} R3 bilinear map, while the II {yields} IV map is the supersymmetric extension of the S{sup 3} {yields} S{sup 2} first Hopf fibration. The restrictions on the S{sup 3}, S{sup 2} spheres are expressed in terms of the stereo graphic projections. The non-linear supermultiplets, whose super transformations are local differential polynomials, are not equivalent to the linear supermultiplets with the same field content. The -models are determined in terms of an unconstrained pre potential of the target coordinates. The Uniformization Problem requires solving an inverse problem for the pre potential. The basic features of the supersymmetric extension of the second and third Hopf maps are briefly sketched. Finally, the Schur's lemma (i.e. the real, complex or quaternionic property) is extended to all minimal linear supermultiplets up to N {<=} 8. (author)
On the supersymmetric solitons and monopoles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hruby, J.
1978-01-01
The basic results in a new trend in supersymmetry and soliton theory are presented. It is shown that the soliton expectation value of the energy operator is mass of the soliton without the quantum corrections. A new supersymmetric monopole model in three dimensions is constructed by generalization of the supersymmetric sine-Gordon model in one space dimension
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Morrissey, David E.; Pierce, Aaron
2008-01-01
In the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM), the presence of light pseudoscalars can have a dramatic effect on the decays of the standard model-like Higgs boson. These pseudoscalars are naturally light if supersymmetry breaking preserves an approximate U(1) R symmetry, spontaneously broken when the Higgs bosons take on their expectation values. We investigate two classes of theories that possess such an approximate U(1) R at the mediation scale: modifications of gauge and gaugino mediation. In the models we consider, we find two disjoint classes of phenomenologically allowed parameter regions. One of these regions corresponds to a limit where the singlet of the NMSSM largely decouples. The other can give rise to a standard model-like Higgs boson with dominant branching into light pseudoscalars.
Supersymmetric classical mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Biswas, S.N.; Soni, S.K.
1986-01-01
The purpose of the paper is to construct a supersymmetric Lagrangian within the framework of classical mechanics which would be regarded as a candidate for passage to supersymmetric quantum mechanics. 5 refs. (author)
Constraints on the rare tau decays from μ→eγ in the supersymmetric see-saw model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ibarra, Alejandro; Simonetto, Cristoforo
2008-01-01
It is now a firmly established fact that all family lepton numbers are violated in Nature. In this paper we discuss the implications of this observation for future searches for rare tau decays in the supersymmetric see-saw model. Using the two loop renormalization group evolution of the soft terms and the Yukawa couplings we show that there exists a lower bound on the rate of the rare process μ→eγ of the form BR(μ→eγ) ∼> C x BR(τ→μγ)BR(τ→eγ), where C is a constant that depends on supersymmetric parameters. Our only assumption is the absence of cancellations among the high-energy see-saw parameters. We also discuss the implications of this bound for future searches for rare tau decays. In particular, for large regions of the mSUGRA parameter space, we show that present B-factories could discover either τ→μγ or τ→eγ, but not both
Flavor physics induced by light Z{sup ′} from SO(10) GUT
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hisano, Junji [Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute for the Origin of Particles and the Universe,Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Department of Physics,Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS, The University of Tokyo,Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Muramatsu, Yu [Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS, The University of Tokyo,Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); School of Physics, KIAS,Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of); Omura, Yuji [Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute for the Origin of Particles and the Universe,Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Shigekami, Yoshihiro [Department of Physics,Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan)
2016-11-04
In this paper, we investigate predictions of the SO(10) Grand Unified Theory (GUT), where an extra U(1){sup ′} gauge symmetry remains up to the supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking scale. The minimal setup of SO(10) GUT unifies quarks and leptons into a 16-representational field in each generations. The setup, however, suffers from the realization of the realistic Yukawa couplings at the electroweak scale. In order to solve this problem, we introduce 10-representational matter fields, and then the two kinds of matter fields mix with each other at the SUSY breaking scale, where the extra U(1){sup ′} gauge symmetry breaks down radiatively. One crucial prediction is that the Standard Model quarks and leptons are given by the linear combinations of the fields with two different U(1){sup ′} charges. The mixing also depends on the flavor. Consequently, the U(1){sup ′} interaction becomes flavor violating, and the flavor physics is the smoking-gun signal of our GUT model. The flavor violating Z{sup ′} couplings are related to the fermion masses and the CKM matrix, so that we can derive some explicit predictions in flavor physics. We especially discuss K-K̄ mixing, B{sub (s)}- (B{sub (s)})-bar mixing, and the (semi)leptonic decays of K and B in our model. We also study the flavor violating μ and τ decays and discuss the correlations among the physical observables in this SO(10) GUT framework.
Order and anarchy hand in hand in 5D SO(10)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vicino, D
2015-01-01
A mechanism to generate flavour hierarchy via 5D wave-function localization is revisited in the context of SO(10) grand unified theory. In an extra-dimension compactified on an orbifold, fermions (living in the same 16 representation of SO(10)) result having exponential zero-modes profiles, localized around one of the brane. The breaking of SO(10) down to SU(5) × U(1) x provides the key parameter that distinguishes the profiles of the different SU(5) components inside the same 16 representation. Utilizing a suitable set of scalar fields, a predictive model for fermion masses and mixing is constructed and shown to be viable with the current data through a detailed numerical analysis. The scalar field content of the model is also suitable to solve the doublet-triplet splitting problem through the missing partner mechanism. All the Yukawa couplings in the model are anarchical and of order unity, while the hierarchies among different fermions result only from zero-mode profiles. The naturalness of Anarchical Yukawa couplings is studied, showing a preference for a normal ordered neutrino spectrum; predictions for various observables in the lepton sector are also derived. (paper)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kneur, J.L
2006-06-15
This document is divided into 2 parts. The first part describes a particular re-summation technique of perturbative series that can give a non-perturbative results in some cases. We detail some applications in field theory and in condensed matter like the calculation of the effective temperature of Bose-Einstein condensates. The second part deals with the minimal supersymmetric standard model. We present an accurate calculation of the mass spectrum of supersymmetric particles, a calculation of the relic density of supersymmetric black matter, and the constraints that we can infer from models.
The gauge technique in supersymmetric QED2
Roo, M. de; Steringa, J.J.
1988-01-01
We construct an extension of the gauge technique to two-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories. This involves a derivation of the spectral representation of a scalar superpropagator in two dimensions. We apply the method to the massive supersymmetric Schwinger model. In the case that the gauge
Non-standard charged Higgs decay at the LHC in Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bandyopadhyay, Priyotosh [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica “Ennio De Giorgi”, Università del Salento and INFN-Lecce,Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Huitu, Katri [Department of Physics, and Helsinki Institute of Physics,P.O.B 64 (Gustaf Hällströmin katu 2), FI-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); Niyogi, Saurabh [The Institute of Mathematical Sciences,CIT Campus, Chennai (India)
2016-07-04
We consider next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM) which has a gauge singlet superfield. In the scale invariant superpotential we do not have the mass terms and the whole Lagrangian has an additional Z{sub 3} symmetry. This model can have light scalar and/or pseudoscalar allowed by the recent data from LHC and the old data from LEP. We investigate the situation where a relatively light charged Higgs can decay to such a singlet-like pseudoscalar and a W{sup ±} boson giving rise to a final state containing τ and/or b-jets and lepton(s). Such decays evade the recent bounds on charged Higgs from the LHC, and according to our PYTHIA-FastJet based simulation can be probed with 10 fb{sup −1} at the LHC center of mass energy of 13 and 14 TeV.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Krasnikov, N.V.; Rodenberg, R.
1993-01-01
From the requirement of the absence of the Landau pole singularity for the effective top quark Yukawa coupling constant up to Planck scale in SU(5) supersymmetric model we find an upper bound m t ≤ 187 GeV for the top quark mass. For the SU(5) fixed point renormalization group solution for top quark Yukawa coupling constant which can be interpreted as the case of composite superhiggs we find that m t ≥ 140 GeV. Similar bound takes place in all models with big anti h t (m t ). For m t ≤ 160 GeV we find also that the Higgs boson is lighter than m Z and hence it can be discovered at LEP2
Supersymmetric flipped SU(5) revitalized
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Antoniadis, I.; Ellis, J.; Hagelin, J.S.; Nanopoulos, D.V.
1987-08-06
We describe a simple N = 1 supersymmetric GUT based on the group SU(5) x U(1) which has the following virtues: the gauge group is broken down to the SU(3)/sub C/ x SU(2)/sub L/ x U(1)/sub y/ of the standard model using just 10, 10 Higgs representations, and the doublet-triplet mass splitting problem is solved naturally by a very simple missing-partner mechanism. The successful supersymmetric GUT prediction for sin/sup 2/theta/sub w/ can be maintained, whilst there are no fermion mass relations. The gauge group and representation structure of the model may be obtainable from the superstring.
Flop transitions in cuprate and color superconductors: From SO(5) to SO(10) unification?
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chandrasekharan, S.; Chudnovsky, V.; Schlittgen, B.; Wiese, U.-J
2001-03-01
The phase diagrams of cuprate superconductors and of QCD at non-zero baryon chemical potential are qualitatively similar. The Neel phase of the cuprates corresponds to the chirally broken phase of QCD, and the high-temperature superconducting phase corresponds to the color superconducting phase. In the SO(5) theory for the cuprates the SO(3){sub s} spin rotational symmetry and the U(1){sub em} gauge symmetry of electromagnetism are dynamically unified. This suggests that the SU(2){sub L} x SU(2){sub R} x U(1){sub B} chiral symmetry of QCD and the SU(3){sub c} color gauge symmetry may get unified to SO(10). Dynamical enhancement of symmetry from SO(2){sub s} x Z(2) to SO(3){sub s} is known to occur in anisotropic antiferromagnets. In these systems the staggered magnetization flops from an easy 3-axis into the 12-plane at a critical value of the external magnetic field. Similarly, the phase transitions in the SO(5) and SO(10) models are flop transitions of a 'superspin'. Despite this fact, a renormalization group flow analysis in 4 -- {epsilon} dimensions indicates that a point with full SO(5) or SO(10) symmetry exists neither in the cuprates nor in QCD.
Flop transitions in cuprate and color superconductors: From SO(5) to SO(10) unification?
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chandrasekharan, S.; Chudnovsky, V.; Schlittgen, B.; Wiese, U.-J.
2001-01-01
The phase diagrams of cuprate superconductors and of QCD at non-zero baryon chemical potential are qualitatively similar. The Neel phase of the cuprates corresponds to the chirally broken phase of QCD, and the high-temperature superconducting phase corresponds to the color superconducting phase. In the SO(5) theory for the cuprates the SO(3) s spin rotational symmetry and the U(1) em gauge symmetry of electromagnetism are dynamically unified. This suggests that the SU(2) L x SU(2) R x U(1) B chiral symmetry of QCD and the SU(3) c color gauge symmetry may get unified to SO(10). Dynamical enhancement of symmetry from SO(2) s x Z(2) to SO(3) s is known to occur in anisotropic antiferromagnets. In these systems the staggered magnetization flops from an easy 3-axis into the 12-plane at a critical value of the external magnetic field. Similarly, the phase transitions in the SO(5) and SO(10) models are flop transitions of a 'superspin'. Despite this fact, a renormalization group flow analysis in 4 -- ε dimensions indicates that a point with full SO(5) or SO(10) symmetry exists neither in the cuprates nor in QCD
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Böhm, Jan; Chudoba, Jiří; Havránek, Miroslav; Hejbal, Jiří; Jakoubek, Tomáš; Kepka, Oldřich; Kupčo, Alexander; Kůs, Vlastimil; Lokajíček, Miloš; Lysák, Roman; Marčišovský, Michal; Mikeštíková, Marcela; Němeček, Stanislav; Šícho, Petr; Staroba, Pavel; Svatoš, Michal; Taševský, Marek; Vrba, Václav
2014-01-01
Roč. 2014, č. 11 (2014), s. 1-32 ISSN 1126-6708 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LG13009 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : scattering * minimal supersymmetric standard model * parameter space * scalar particle * branching ratio * Higgs particle * ATLAS * CERN LHC Coll Subject RIV: BF - Elementary Particles and High Energy Physics Impact factor: 5.618, year: 2012
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Aad, G.; Abajyan, T.; Abbott, B.; Böhm, Jan; Chudoba, Jiří; Gunther, Jaroslav; Jakoubek, Tomáš; Juránek, Vojtěch; Kepka, Oldřich; Kupčo, Alexander; Kůs, Vlastimil; Lokajíček, Miloš; Marčišovský, Michal; Mikeštíková, Marcela; Myška, Miroslav; Němeček, Stanislav; Růžička, Pavel; Schovancová, Jaroslava; Šícho, Petr; Staroba, Pavel; Svatoš, Michal; Taševský, Marek; Tic, Tomáš; Vrba, Václav
2013-01-01
Roč. 2013, č. 2 (2013), s. 1-47 ISSN 1029-8479 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LA08032 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : CERN * scattering * leptonic decay * Higgs particle * mass * jet * bottom * minimal supersymmetric standard model * parameter space * ATLAS Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 6.220, year: 2013
Frank, Mariana; Özdal, Özer
2018-01-01
We study the low scale predictions of the supersymmetric standard model extended by U (1 )B -L×U (1 )R symmetry, obtained from S O (10 ) breaking via a left-right supersymmetric model, imposing universal boundary conditions. Two singlet Higgs fields are responsible for the radiative U (1 )B -L×U (1 )R symmetry breaking, and a singlet fermion S is introduced to generate neutrino masses through an inverse seesaw mechanism. The lightest neutralino or sneutrino emerge as dark matter candidates, with different low scale implications. We find that the composition of the neutralino lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) changes considerably depending on the neutralino LSP mass, from roughly half U (1 )R bino, half minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM) bino, to a singlet higgsino, or completely dominated by the MSSM higgsino. The sneutrino LSP is statistically much less likely, and when it occurs it is a 50-50 mixture of right-handed sneutrino and the scalar S ˜. Most of the solutions consistent with the relic density constraint survive the XENON 1T exclusion curve for both LSP cases. We compare the two scenarios and investigate parameter space points and find consistency with the muon anomalous magnetic moment only at the edge of a 2 σ deviation from the measured value. However, we find that the sneutrino LSP solutions could be ruled out completely by the strict reinforcement of the recent Z' mass bounds. We finally discuss collider prospects for testing the model.
Fuzzy Killing spinors and supersymmetric D4 action on the fuzzy 2-sphere from the ABJM model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nastase, Horatiu; Papageorgakis, Constantinos
2009-01-01
Our recent construction arXiv:0903.3966 for the fuzzy 2-sphere in terms of bifundamentals, discovered in the context of the ABJM model, is shown to be explicitly equivalent to the usual (adjoint) fuzzy sphere construction. The matrices G-tilde α that define it play the role of fuzzy Killing spinors on the 2-sphere, out of which all spherical harmonics are constructed. Starting from the quadratic fluctuation action around these solutions in the mass-deformed ABJM theory, we recover a supersymmetric D4-brane action wrapping a 2-sphere, including fermions. We obtain both the usual D4 action with an unusual x-dependence on the sphere, as well as a twisted version in terms of the usual x-dependence, and contrast our result with the Maldacena-Nunez case of a D5 wrapping an S 2 . The twisted and unwisted fields are related by the same matrix G-tilde α .
Aspects of supersymmetric inflation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lindblom, P.R.
1987-01-01
A new supersymmetric inflationary model is presented and shown to possess the following features: a successful slow rollover produced by quantum corrections; an acceptable pattern of supersymmetry breaking leading to the correct value of the electroweak scale; and a stable slow rollover transition to a minimum with vanishing cosmological constant. It is demonstrated that there is a class of GUT models which are compatible with an inflationary universe scenario in which: (a) the GUT and inflationary phase transitions are distinct (as in supersymmetric inflation); and (b) an observable number of GUT monopoles are created thermally due to reheating of the GUT sector after inflation. This provides one of the few ways of reconciling an observation of GUT monopoles with inflation. New techniques are developed for constructing inflationary models with multiple inflation fields, such as generalizing the one-dimensional slow rollover constraints and estimating the contribution to δρ/ρ from fluctuations transverse to the path of the slow rollover. A new method for ending the slow rollover portion of the inflationary transition is developed
On quantization of supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smilga, A.V.
1985-01-01
A recipe to resolve ordering ambiguities in the quantum hamiltonian of supersymmetric theories is suggested. The Weyl ordering prescription for supercharge operators should be employed to preserve SUSY algebra on the quantum level. The quantum hamiltonian does not generally coincide with the Weyl ordered classical hamiltonian, the difference being due to the fact that the Weyl symbol of anticommutator of supercharges does not generally coincide with the Poisson bracket of their Weyl symbols (i.e. the classical hamiltonian). The suggested procedure is applied in the examples of N=1 and N=2 supersymmetric σ-models analyzed in the constant field limit
1/N perturbation theory and quantum conservation laws for supersymmetrical chiral field. 2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aref'eva, I.Ya.; Krivoshchekov, V.K.; Medvedev, P.B.; Gosudarstvennyj Komitet Standartov Soveta Ministrov SSSR, Moscow; Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol'zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow. Inst. Teoreticheskoj i Ehksperimental'noj Fiziki)
1980-01-01
The renormalizability of the supersymmetric chiral model (supersymmetric nonlinear σ-model) is proved in the framework of the 1/N perturbation theory expansion proposed in the previous paper. The renormalizability proof is essentially based on the quantum supersymmetric chirality condition. The supersymmetric formulation of equations of motion is given. The first non-trivial quantum conservation laws are derived
Supersymmetric GUTs and cosmology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lazarides, G.; Shafi, Q.
1982-06-01
By examining the behaviour of supersymmetric GUTs in the very early universe we find two classes of realistic models. In one of them supersymmetry is broken at or near the superheavy GUT scale. The cosmological implications of such models are expected to be similar to those of nonsupersymmetric GUTs. In the second class of models, the superheavy GUT scale is related to the supersymmetry breaking scale a la Witten. Two types of cosmological scenarios appear possible in this case, either with or without an intermediate (new) inflationary phase. They can be experimentally distinguished, since the former predicts an absence and the latter an observable number density of superheavy monopoles. A mechanism for generating baryon asymmetry in such models is pointed out. Further constraint on model building appears if global R invariance is employed to resolve the strong CP problem. (author)
CERN. Geneva
2011-01-01
In these lectures, I shall describe the theory of supersymmetry accessible to people with a knowledge of basic quantum field theory. The lectures will contain recipes of how to calculate which interactions (and which special relations) are in supersymmetry, without providing detailed proofs of where they come from. We shall also cover: motivation for weak-scale supersymmetry and the minimal supersymmetric standard model.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ibrahim, Tarek; Nath, Pran; Psinas, Anastasios
2004-01-01
We extend previous analyses of the supersymmetric loop correction to the charged Higgs couplings to include the coupling H ± χ ± χ 0 . The analysis completes the previous analyses where similar corrections were computed for H + t-barb (H - tb-bar), and for H + τ - ν-bar τ (H - τ + ν τ ) couplings within the minimal supersymmetric standard model. The effective one loop Lagrangian is then applied to the computation of the charged Higgs decays. The sizes of the supersymmetric loop correction on branching ratios of the charged Higgs H + (H - ) into the decay modes tb-bar (t-barb), τ-barν τ (τν-bar τ ), and χ i + χ j 0 (χ i - χ j 0 )(i=1,2; j=1-4) are investigated and the supersymmetric loop correction is found to be significant, i.e., in the range 20-30 % in significant regions of the parameter space. The loop correction to the decay mode χ 1 ± χ 2 0 is examined in specific detail as this decay mode leads to a trileptonic signal. The effects of CP phases on the branching ratio are also investigated. A brief discussion of the implications of the analysis for colliders is given
Supersymmetric particles at LEP
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Barbiellini, G.; Coignet, G.; Gaillard, M.K.; Bonneaud, G.; Ellis, J.; Matteuzzi, C.; Wiik, H.
1979-10-01
The authors examine whether the supersymmetrization of nature at a mass scale up to 100 GeV can be confirmed or excluded by experiments with LEP. They review the qualitative features of the spectroscopy suggested by supersymmetric theories. Then they discuss possible production rates and means of detection of these particles at LEP. In this framework they make some remarks about other projects for future high energy physics machines which can be used for the study of supersymmetric phenomena. (HSI)
Electric dipole moments from Yukawa phases in supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Romanino, A.; Strumia, A.
1997-01-01
We study quark and electron EDMs generated by Yukawa couplings in supersymmetric models with different gauge groups, using the EDM properties under flavour transformations. In the MSSM (or if soft terms are mediated below the unification scale) the one-loop contributions to the neutron EDM are smaller than in previous computations based on numerical methods, although increasing as tan 3 β. A neutron EDM close to the experimental limits can be generated in SU(5), if tan β is large, through the u-quark EDM d u , proportional to tan 4 β. This effect has to be taken into account also in SO(10) with large tan β, where d u is comparable to the d quark EDM, proportional to tan β. (orig.)
Deformed supersymmetric mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ivanov, E.; Sidorov, S.
2013-01-01
Motivated by a recent interest in curved rigid supersymmetries, we construct a new type of N = 4, d = 1 supersymmetric systems by employing superfields defined on the cosets of the supergroup SU(2|1). The relevant worldline supersymmetry is a deformation of the standard N = 4, d = 1 supersymmetry by a mass parameter m. As instructive examples we consider at the classical and quantum levels the models associated with the supermultiplets (1,4,3) and (2,4,2) and find out interesting interrelations with some previous works on nonstandard d = 1 supersymmetry. In particular, the d = 1 systems with 'weak supersymmetry' are naturally reproduced within our SU(2|1) superfield approach as a subclass of the (1,4,3) models. A generalization to the N = 8, d = 1 case implies the supergroup SU(2|2) as a candidate deformed worldline supersymmetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Desai, B.R.; Xu, G.
1990-01-01
Based on the idea that electromagnetism is responsible for mass differences within isotopic multiplets (e.g., pointlike neutron and proton or u and d quarks), we generalize an SU(2)xU(1) model in a toy field theory of vectors to a supersymmetric model and investigate the finite mass difference within the isotopic doublet. It is found that under soft-supersymmetry breaking, a positive n-p mass difference can be obtained under reasonable assumptions for the parameters involved
A comment on the quark mixing in the supersymmetric SU(4)xO(4) GUT model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ranfone, S.
1992-08-01
The SU(4) x O(4) and the ''flipped'' SU(5) x U(1) models seem to be the only possible Grand Universal Theories (GUT's) derivable from string theories with Kac-Moody level K=1. Naively, the SU(4) x O(4) model, at least in its minimal GUT version, is characterized by the lack of any mixing in the quark sector. In this ''Comment'' we show that, although some mixing may be generated as a consequence of large vacuum-expectation-values for the scalar partners of the right-handed neutrinos, it turns out to be too small by several orders of magnitude, in net contrast with our experimental information concerning the Cabibbo mixing. Our result, which therefore rules out the minimal SU(4) x O(4) GUT model, also applies to ''flipped'' SU(5) x U(1) in the case of the embedding in SO(10). (Author)
Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Kleinschmidt, Axel; Riccioni, Fabio
2012-01-01
We classify the half-supersymmetric "domain walls," i.e., branes of codimension one, in toroidally compactified IIA/IIB string theory and show to which gauged supergravity theory each of these domain walls belong. We use as input the requirement of supersymmetric Wess-Zumino terms, the properties of
A neutrino mass-mixing sum rule from SO(10) and neutrinoless double beta decay
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buccella, F. [INFN, Sezione di Napoli,Complesso University Monte S. Angelo, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Chianese, M. [INFN, Sezione di Napoli,Complesso University Monte S. Angelo, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica Ettore Pancini, Università di Napoli Federico II,Complesso University Monte S. Angelo, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Mangano, G. [INFN, Sezione di Napoli,Complesso University Monte S. Angelo, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Miele, G.; Morisi, S.; Santorelli, P. [INFN, Sezione di Napoli,Complesso University Monte S. Angelo, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica Ettore Pancini, Università di Napoli Federico II,Complesso University Monte S. Angelo, I-80126 Napoli (Italy)
2017-04-03
Minimal SO(10) grand unified models provide phenomenological predictions for neutrino mass patterns and mixing. These are the outcome of the interplay of several features, namely: i) the seesaw mechanism; ii) the presence of an intermediate scale where B-L gauge symmetry is broken and the right-handed neutrinos acquire a Majorana mass; iii) a symmetric Dirac neutrino mass matrix whose pattern is close to the up-type quark one. In this framework two natural characteristics emerge. Normal neutrino mass hierarchy is the only allowed, and there is an approximate relation involving both light-neutrino masses and mixing parameters. This differs from what occurring when horizontal flavour symmetries are invoked. In this case, in fact, neutrino mixing or mass relations have been separately obtained in literature. In this paper we discuss an example of such comprehensive mixing-mass relation in a specific realization of SO(10) and, in particular, analyse its impact on the expected neutrinoless double beta decay effective mass parameter 〈m{sub ee}〉, and on the neutrino mass scale. Remarkably a lower limit for the lightest neutrino mass is obtained (m{sub lightest}≳7.5×10{sup −4} eV, at 3 σ level).
Hierarchy of symmetry-breaking scales in SO(10) grand unification and particle masses
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Asatryan, G.M.; Ioannisyan, A.N.
1987-01-01
An SO(10) grand unification model is proposed in which the introduction of an additional discrete symmetry solves the problem of the quark mass spectrum arising in SO(10) breaking schemes with intermediate SU(4) x SU(2)/sub L/ x SU(2)/sub R/ or SU(3)/sub C/ x U(1)/sub B//sub -//sub L/ x SU(2)/sub L/ x SU(2)/sub R/ symmetry. When the breaking of this discrete symmetry is taken into account the condition that there exist only a single light Higgs boson leads to a relation between the b- and t-quark masses which makes it possible to fix the ratio of the grand unification scale M/sub X/ and the quark--lepton symmetry-breaking scale M/sub C/. The specific values of M/sub X/ and M/sub C/ and also the scale of the SU(2)/sub R/ symmetry breaking M/sub R/ depend on the experimental value of the Weinberg angle and are in agreement with the experimental data on proton decay
Complete cubic and quartic couplings of 16 and 16-bar in SO(10) unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nath, Pran; Syed, Raza M.
2001-01-01
A recently derived basic theorem on the decomposition of SO(2N) vertices is used to obtain a complete analytic determination of all SO(10)-invariant cubic superpotential couplings involving 16 ± semispinors of SO(10) chirality ± and tensor representations. In addition to the superpotential couplings computed previously using the basic theorem involving the 10, 120 and 126-bar tensor representations we compute here couplings involving the 1-, 45- and 210-dimensional tensor representations, i.e., we compute the 16-bar -+ 16 ± 1, 16-bar -+ 16 ± 45 and 16-bar -+ 16 ± 210 Higgs couplings in the superpotential. A complete determination of dimension five operators in the superpotential arising from the mediation of the 1-, 45- and 210-dimensional representations is also given. The vector couplings 16-bar ± 16 ± 1, 16-bar ± 16 ± 45 and 16-bar ± 16 ± 210 are also analyzed. The role of large tensor representations and the possible application of results derived here in model building are discussed
Supersymmetric family unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frampton, P.H.; Kephart, T.W.
1983-01-01
The superheavy symmetry breaking of the gauge group in supersymmetrized unified theories is studied. The requirement that supersymmetry be unbroken strongly constrains the possible gauge group breaking, and we systematize such constraints group theoretically. In model building, one issue is whether to permit an adjoint matter superfield with concomitant color exotic fermions. A second issue is that of naturalness which is complicated by the well-known supersymmetry non-renormalization theorems. Both with and without an adjoint matter superfield, the most promising group appears to be SU(9) where three families can be naturally accommodated, at least for low-energy gauge group SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1). With an extra U(1) factor, as advocated by Fayet, the non-renormalization theorem must be exploited. (orig.)
Supersymmetric Higgs bosons and beyond
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Carena, Marcela; Kong, Kyoungchul; Ponton, Eduardo; Zurita, Jose
2010-01-01
We consider supersymmetric models that include particles beyond the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with masses in the TeV range, and that couple significantly to the MSSM Higgs sector. We perform a model-independent analysis of the spectrum and couplings of the MSSM Higgs fields, based on an effective theory of the MSSM degrees of freedom. The tree-level mass of the lightest CP-even state can easily be above the LEP bound of 114 GeV, thus allowing for a relatively light spectrum of superpartners, restricted only by direct searches. The Higgs spectrum and couplings can be significantly modified compared to the MSSM ones, often allowing for interesting new decay modes. We also observe that the gluon fusion production cross section of the SM-like Higgs can be enhanced with respect to both the standard model and the MSSM.
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B.S.; Kupčo, Alexander; Lokajíček, Miloš
2012-01-01
Roč. 710, 4-5 (2012), s. 569-577 ISSN 0370-2693 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LA08047 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100502 Keywords : D0 * Higgs particle * lower limit * tau * pair production * minimal supersymmetric standard model * parameter space Subject RIV: BF - Elementary Particles and High Energy Physics Impact factor: 4.569, year: 2012 http://www. science direct.com/ science /article/pii/S0370269312002857
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Carneiro, David; Sampaio, Marcos; Nemes, Maria Carolina; Scarpelli, Antonio Paulo Baeta
2003-01-01
We compute the three loop β function of the Wess-Zumino model to motivate implicit regularization (IR) as a consistent and practical momentum-space framework to study supersymmetric quantum field theories. In this framework which works essentially in the physical dimension of the theory we show that ultraviolet are clearly disentangled from infrared divergences. We obtain consistent results which motivate the method as a good choice to study supersymmetry anomalies in quantum field theories. (author)
AUTHOR|(INSPIRE)INSPIRE-00529728
The ATLAS and CMS collaborations announced the discovery of the Higgs boson in July 2012, completing the particle content of the Standard Model. Although the Standard Model is a great triumph, it is not considered to be the complete theory of particle physics. Several new theories have been proposed which seek to move beyond the Standard Model. Among the newly-developed theories, Supersymmetry (SUSY) is one of the most promising ones. SUSY predicts the existence of supersymmetric partner particles and it is one of the best-motivated extensions of the space-time symmetry of particle interactions. There are supersymmetric partner particles associated with each SM particles in which the spin differs by 1/2. This dissertation focuses on a search for electroweak production of supersymmetric particles with compressed mass spectra in the final states with exactly two low-momentum leptons and missing transverse momentum. The proton-proton collision data is recorded by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider i...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Deriglazov, A.A.; Ketov, S.V.
1991-01-01
The four-loop divergences of the (1,1) supersymmetric two-dimensional non-linear σ-model with a Wess-Zumino-Witten term are analyzed. All the four-loop 1/ε-divergences in the general case (and an overall coefficient at the total four-loop contribution to the β-function) are shown to be reducible to only structures proportional to ζ(3). We explicitly calculate non-derivative contributions to the four-loop β-function from logarithmically divergent graphs. As a by-product, we obtain the complete four-loop β-function for the supersymmetric Wess-Zumino-Witten model. We use the partial results for the general four-loop β-function to shed some light on the structure of the (α') 3 -corrections to the superstring effective-action with antisymmetric-tensor field coupling. An inconsistency of the supersymmetrical dimensional regularisation via dimensional reduction in the presence of torsion is discovered at four loops, unless the string interpretation for the σ-model is adopted. (orig.)
Nickel, Kilian
2015-01-01
We present a precise analysis of the Higgs mass corrections stemming from vectorlike top partners in supersymmetric models. We reduce the theoretical uncertainty compared to previous studies in the following aspects: (i) including the one-loop threshold corrections to SM gauge and Yukawa couplings due to the presence of the new states to obtain the $\\bar{\\text{DR}}$ parameters entering all loop calculations, (ii) including the full momentum dependence at one-loop, and (iii) including all two-loop corrections but the ones involving $g_1$ and $g_2$. We find that the additional threshold corrections are very important and can give the largest effect on the Higgs mass. However, we identify also parameter regions where the new two-loop effects can be more important than the ones of the MSSM and change the Higgs mass prediction by up to 10 GeV. This is for instance the case in the low $\\tan\\beta$, small $M_A$ regime. We use these results to calculate the electroweak fine-tuning of an UV complete variant of this mod...
One-loop analysis of the electroweak breaking in supersymmetric models and the fine-tuning problem
De Carlos, B
1993-01-01
We examine the electroweak breaking mechanism in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) using the {\\em complete} one-loop effective potential $V_1$. First, we study what is the region of the whole MSSM parameter space (i.e. $M_{1/2},m_o,\\mu,...$) that leads to a succesful $SU(2)\\times U(1)$ breaking with an acceptable top quark mass. In doing this it is observed that all the one-loop corrections to $V_1$ (even the apparently small ones) must be taken into account in order to get reliable results. We find that the allowed region of parameters is considerably enhanced with respect to former "improved" tree level results. Next, we study the fine-tuning problem associated with the high sensitivity of $M_Z$ to $h_t$ (the top Yukawa coupling). Again, we find that this fine-tuning is appreciably smaller once the one-loop effects are considered than in previous tree level calculations. Finally, we explore the ambiguities and limitations of the ordinary criterion to estimate the degree of fine-tuning. As a r...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lavalle, J.
2004-10-01
The purpose of this thesis is to discuss both phenomenological and experimental aspects of Dark Matter, related to its indirect detection with gamma-ray astronomy. In the MSSM (Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model) framework, neutralinos arise as natural candidates to non-baryonic and Cold Dark Matter, whose gravitational effects manifest in the Universe at different scales. As they are Majorana particles, they may in principle annihilate in high density regions, as the centres of galaxies, and produce gamma rays. Nevertheless, the expected fluxes are basically low compared to experimental sensitivities. After estimating gamma fluxes from M31 and Draco galaxies in the MSSM scheme, we first generalize the MSSM couplings by studying an effective Lagrangian. We show that the only constraint of imposing a relic abundance compatible with recent measurements obviously deplete significantly the gamma ray production, but also that predictions in this effective approach are more optimistic for indirect detection than the MSSM. In a second part, we present the indirect searches for Dark Matter performed with the CELESTE Cherenkov telescope towards the galaxy M31. We propose a statistical method to reconstruct spectra, mandatory to discriminate classical and exotic spectra. The M31 data analysis enables the extraction of an upper limit on the gamma ray flux, which is the first worldwide for a galaxy in the energy range 50-500 GeV, and whose astrophysical interest goes beyond indirect searches for Dark Matter. (author)
Supersymmetric quasipotential equations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zaikov, R.P.
1981-01-01
A supersymmetric extension of the Logunov-Tavkhelidze quasipotential approach is suggested. The supersymmetric Bethe- Salpeter equation is an initial equation. The transition from the four-time to the two-time Green function is made in the super- center-of-mass system. The two-time Green function has no inverse function in the whole spinor space. The resolvent operator if found using the Majorana character of the spinor wave function. The supersymmetric quasipotential equation is written. The consideration is carried out in the framework of the theory of chiral scalar superfields [ru
Production and decay of supersymmetric particles at future colliders
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bartl, A.; Majerotto, W.; Moesslacher, B.
1991-01-01
We describe how supersymmetric particles could be detected at the new colliders HERA, LEP 200, LHC, SSC, and at the possible future linear e + e - collider. We shall present theoretical predictions for production cross sections and decay probabilities, as well as for the important signatures. Our calculations will be based on the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) which is the simplest supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model. (authors)
Duality and supersymmetric monopoles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gauntlett, J.P.
1998-01-01
Exact duality in supersymmetric gauge theories leads to highly non-trivial predictions about the moduli spaces of BPS monopole solutions. These notes attempt to be a pedagogical review of the current status of these investigations. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bandyopadhyay, Priyotosh [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica “Ennio De Giorgi”, Università del Salento and INFN-Lecce,Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Corianò, Claudio [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica “Ennio De Giorgi”, Università del Salento and INFN-Lecce,Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); STAG Research Centre and Mathematical Sciences, University of Southampton,Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Costantini, Antonio [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica “Ennio De Giorgi”, Università del Salento and INFN-Lecce,Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy)
2015-12-18
We investigate the scalar sector in an extension of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) containing a SU(2) Higgs triplet of zero hypercharge and a gauge singlet beside the SU(2) scalar doublets. In particular, we focus on a scenario of this model which allows a light pseudoscalar and/or a scalar below 100 GeV, consistent with the most recent data from the LHC and the earlier data from the LEP experiments. We analyze the exotic decay of the discovered Higgs (h{sub 125}) into two light (hidden) Higgs bosons present in the extension. The latter are allowed by the uncertainties in the Higgs decay h{sub 125}→WW{sup ∗}, h{sub 125}→ZZ{sup ∗} and h{sub 125}→γγ. The study of the parameter space for such additional scalars/pseudoscalars decay of the Higgs is performed in the gluon fusion channel. The extra hidden Higgs bosons of the enlarged scalar sector, if they exist, will then decay into lighter fermion paris, i.e., bb̄, ττ̄ and μμ̄ via the mixing with the doublets. A detailed simulation using PYTHIA of the 2b+2τ, ≥3τ, 2b+2μ and 2τ+2μ final states is presented. From our analysis we conclude that, depending on the selected benchmark points, such decay modes can be explored with an integrated luminosity of 25 fb{sup −1} at the LHC at a center of mass energy of 13 TeV.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Philippov, Yu. P.
2009-01-01
Within the minimal supersymmetric standard model, the amplitudes and total cross sections for the processes e + e - → hh, e + e - → hH, e + e - → HH, and e + e - → AA are calculated in the first order of perturbation theory with allowance for a complete set of one-loop diagrams in the m e → 0 approximation. Analytic expressions are obtained for the quantities under consideration; numerical results are presented in a graphical form. It is shown that the cross section for the process e + e - → hh is larger than those for the other processes (and is on the same order of magnitude as the cross section for the corresponding processes in the Standard Model). In the case of the collision energy equal to √s = 500 GeV, an integrated luminosity in the region ∫ L ≥ 500 fb -1 , and a longitudinal polarization of the e + e- beams used, 520, 320, and 300 production events are possible in the processes e + e - → hh (at M h = 115 GeV), e + e - → HH, and e + e - → AA (at M H,A = 120 GeV), respectively. Even at M H,A ∼ 500 GeV and √s = 1.5 TeV, not less than 200 events for each of the processes can be accumulated. The cross section for the process e + e - → hH is small (about 10 -2 fb), which complicates the detection of the sought signal significantly.
Supersymmetric extensions of Calogero-Moser-Sutherland-like models: construction and some solutions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kohler, Heiner; Guhr, Thomas
2005-01-01
We introduce a new class of models for interacting particles. Our construction is based on Jacobians for the radial coordinates on certain superspaces. The resulting models contain two parameters determining the strengths of the interactions. This extends and generalizes the models of the Calogero-Moser-Sutherland type for interacting particles in ordinary spaces. The latter ones are included in our models as special cases. Using results which we obtained previously for spherical functions in superspaces, we obtain various properties and some explicit forms for the solutions. We present physical interpretations. Our models involve two kinds of interacting particles. One of the models can be viewed as describing interacting electrons in a lower and upper band of a quasi-one-dimensional semiconductor. Another model is quasi-two-dimensional. Two kinds of particles are confined to two different spatial directions, the interaction contains dipole-dipole or tensor forces
Supersymmetric color superconductivity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Harnik, Roni; Larson, Daniel T.; Murayama, Hitoshi
2004-01-01
Recent interest in novel phases in high density QCD motivates the study of high density supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), where powerful exact results for supersymmetric gauge theories can be brought to bear in the strongly coupled regime. We begin by describing how a chemical potential can be incorporated into a supersymmetric theory as a spurion vector superfield. We then study supersymmetric SU(N c ) gauge theories with N f flavors of quarks in the presence of a baryon chemical potential mu, and describe the global symmetry breaking patterns at low energy. Our analysis requires μ f c a modified U(1) B symmetry is preserved, analogous to the non-supersymmetric 2SC phase, whereas for N f =N c there is a critical chemical potential above which the U(1) B is broken, as it is in the non-supersymmetric CFL phase. We further analyze the cases with N c +1≤ N f c and find that baryon number is broken dynamically for μ > mu c . We also give a qualitative description of the phases in the 'conformal window', 3/2 N c f c , at finite density. (author)
Supersymmetric color superconductivity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Harnik, Roni; Larson, Daniel T.; Murayama, Hitoshi
2003-01-01
Recent interest in novel phases in high density QCD motivates the study of high density supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), where powerful exact results for supersymmetric gauge theories can be brought to bear in the strongly coupled regime. We begin by describing how a chemical potential can be incorporated into a supersymmetric theory as a spurion vector superfield. We then study supersymmetric SU(N c ) gauge theories with N f flavors of quarks in the presence of a baryon chemical potential μ, and describe the global symmetry breaking patterns at low energy. Our analysis requires μ > Λ. We find that for N F c a modified U(1) B symmetry is preserved, analogous to the non-supersymmetric 2SC phase, whereas for N f = N c there is a critical chemical potential above which the U(1) B is broken, as it is in the non-supersymmetric CFL phase. We further analyze the cases with N c + 1 (le) N f c and find that baryon number is broken dynamically for μ > μ c . We also give a qualitative description of the phases in the ''conformal window'', 3/2 N c f c , at finite density
Electric dipole moments as a test of supersymmetric unification
Dimopoulos, Savas K; Dimopoulos, S; Hall, L J
1995-01-01
In a class of supersymmetric grand unified theories, including those based on the gauge group SO(10), there are new contributions to the electric dipole moments of the neutron and electron, which arise as a heavy top quark effect. These contributions arise from CKM-like phases, not from phases of the supersymmetry breaking operators, and can be reliably computed in terms of the parameters of the weak scale supersymmetric theory. For the expected ranges of these parameters, the electric dipole moments of the neutron and the electron are predicted to be close to present experimental limits.
Fun with supersymmetric quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Freedman, B.; Cooper, F.
1984-04-01
One reason for studying supersymmetric quantum mechanics is that there are a class of superpotentials W(x) which behave at large x as x/sup α/ for which we know from general arguments whether SUSY is broken or unbroken. Thus one can use these superpotentials to test various ideas about how to see if supersymmetry is broken in an arbitrary model. Recently, Witten proposed a topological invariant, the Witten index Δ which counts the number of bosons minus the number of fermions having ground state energy zero. Since if supersymmetry is broken, the ground state energy cannot be zero, one expects if Δ is not zero, SUSY is preserved and the theory is not a good candidate for a realistic model. In this study we evaluate Δ for several examples, and show some unexpected peculiarities of the Witten index for certain choice of superpotentials W(x). We also discuss two other nonperturbative methods of studying supersymmetry breakdown. One involves relating supersymmetric quantum mechanics to a stochastic classical problem and the other involves considering a discrete (but not supersymmetric) version of the theory and studying its behavior as one removes the lattice cuttoff. In this survey we review the Hamiltonian and path integral approaches to supersymmetric quantum mechanics. We then discuss the related path integrals for the Witten Index and for stochastic processes and show how they are indications for supersymmetry breakdown. We then discuss a system where the superpotential W(x) has assymetrical values at +-infinity. We finally discuss nonperturbative strategies for studying supersymmetry breakdown based on introducing a lattice and studying the behavior of the ground state energy as the lattice cutoff is removed. 17 references
Higgs bosons in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model at the LHC
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ellwanger, Ulrich
2011-01-01
We review possible properties of Higgs bosons in the NMSSM, which allow to discriminate this model from the MSSM: masses of mostly standard-model-like Higgs bosons at or above 140 GeV, or enhanced branching fractions into two photons, or Higgs-to-Higgs decays. In the case of a standard-model-like Higgs boson above 140 GeV, it is necessarily accompanied by a lighter state with a large gauge singlet component. Examples for such scenarios are presented. Available studies on Higgs-to-Higgs decays are discussed according to the various Higgs production modes, light Higgs masses and decay channels. (orig.)
Fixing the EW scale in supersymmetric models after the Higgs discovery
Ghilencea, D M
2013-01-01
TeV-scale supersymmetry was originally introduced to solve the hierarchy problem and therefore fix the electroweak (EW) scale in the presence of quantum corrections. Numerical methods testing the SUSY models often report a good likelihood L (or chi^2=-2ln L) to fit the data {\\it including} the EW scale itself (m_Z^0) with a {\\it simultaneously} large fine-tuning i.e. a large variation of this scale under a small variation of the SUSY parameters. We argue that this is inconsistent and we identify the origin of this problem. Our claim is that the likelihood (or chi^2) to fit the data that is usually reported in such models does not account for the chi^2 cost of fixing the EW scale. When this constraint is implemented, the likelihood (or chi^2) receives a significant correction (delta_chi^2) that worsens the current data fits of SUSY models. We estimate this correction for the models: constrained MSSM (CMSSM), models with non-universal gaugino masses (NUGM) or higgs soft masses (NUHM1, NUHM2), the NMSSM and the ...
Dark matter constraints in the minimal and nonminimal supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Stephan, A.
1998-01-01
We determine the allowed parameter space and the particle spectra of the minimal SUSY standard model (MSSM) and nonminimal SUSY standard model (NMSSM) imposing correct electroweak gauge symmetry breaking and recent experimental constraints. The parameters of the models are evolved with the SUSY renormalization group equations assuming universality at the grand unified scale. Applying the new unbounded from below constraints we can exclude the lightest SUSY particle singlinos and light scalar and pseudoscalar Higgs singlets of the NMSSM. This exclusion removes the experimental possibility to distinguish between the MSSM and NMSSM via the recently proposed search for an additional cascade produced in the decay of the B-ino into the LSP singlino. Furthermore, the effects of the dark matter condition for the MSSM and NMSSM are investigated and the differences concerning the parameter space, the SUSY particle, and Higgs sector are discussed. thinsp copyright 1998 The American Physical Society
Symmetry breaking of u(6/2j+1) supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baake, M.; Reinicke, P.
1985-09-01
In this paper, we present the group theory of models with broken u(6/2j+1) supersymmetry described by the chain u(6/2j+1) contains usub(B)(6) x usub(F)(2j+1) contains usub(B)(6) x spsub(F)(2j+1) contains ... contains sosub(B)(3) x susub(F)(2) contains susub(B+F)(2) which has recently been suggested for application to nuclear physics. We present all invariants that are needed for the construction of the general Hamiltonian for this model. (orig.)
The Reach of CERN LEP2 and Fermilab Tevatron Upgrades for Higgs Bosons in Supersymmetric Models
Baer, Howard W; Tata, Xerxes; Baer, Howard; Tata, Xerxes
1999-01-01
Luminosity upgrades of the Fermilab Tevatron pbar-p collider have been shown to allow experimental detection of a Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson up to $m_{H_{SM}}\\sim 120$ GeV via $WH_{SM} \\to \\ell\
Use of a variational principle for the study of supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Krasnikov, N.V.
1985-01-01
A variational principle is used for study of the possibility of spontaneous symmetry breaking. It is shown that if supersymmetry in the generalized Wess-Zumino model is not broken at the classical level, taking account of quantum corrections also does not lead to symmetry breaking
Mono-jet, -photon and -Z signals of a supersymmetric (B−L) model at the Large Hadron Collider
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abdallah, W. [Center for Fundamental Physics, Zewail City of Science and Technology,6 October City, Giza (Egypt); Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Cairo University,Giza (Egypt); Fiaschi, J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton,Highfield, Southampton (United Kingdom); Khalil, S. [Center for Fundamental Physics, Zewail City of Science and Technology,6 October City, Giza (Egypt); Moretti, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton,Highfield, Southampton (United Kingdom)
2016-02-23
Search for invisible final states produced at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) by new physics scenarios are normally carried out resorting to a variety of probes emerging from the initial state, in the form of single-jet, -photon and -Z boson signatures. These are particularly effective for models of Supersymmetry (SUSY) in presence of R-parity conservation, owing to the presence in their spectra of a stable neutralino as a Dark Matter (DM) candidate. We assume here as theoretical framework the Supersymmetric version of the (B−L) extension of the Standard Model (BLSSM), wherein a mediator for invisible decays can be the Z{sup ′} boson present in this scenario. The peculiarity of the signal is thus that the final state objects carry a very large (transverse) missing energy, since the Z{sup ′} is naturally massive and constrained by direct searches and Electro-Weak Precision Tests (EWPTs) to be at least in the TeV scale region. Under these circumstances the efficiency in accessing the invisible final state and rejecting the Standard Model (SM) background is very high. This somehow compensates the rather meagre production rates. Another special feature of this invisible BLSSM signal is its composition, which is often dominated by sneutrino decays (alongside the more traditional neutrino and neutralino modes). Sensitivity of the CERN machine to these two features can therefore help disentangling the BLSSM from more popular SUSY models. We assess in this analysis the scope of the LHC in establishing the aforementioned invisible signals through a sophisticated signal-to-background simulation carried out in presence of parton shower, hadronisation as well as detector effects. We find that significant sensitivity exists already after 300 fb{sup −1} during Run 2. We find that mono-jet events can be readily accessible at the LHC, so as to enable one to claim a prompt discovery, while mono-photon and -Z signals can be used as diagnostic tools of the underlying scenario.
Algebraic approach to q-deformed supersymmetric variants of the Hubbard model with pair hoppings
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Arnaudon, D.
1997-01-01
Two quantum spin chains Hamiltonians with quantum sl(2/1) invariance are constructed. These spin chains define variants of the Hubbard model and describe electron models with pair hoppings. A cubic algebra that admits the Birman-Wenzl-Murakami algebra as a quotient allows exact solvability of the periodic chain. The two Hamiltonians, respectively built using the distinguished and the fermionic bases of U q (sl(2/1)) differ only in the boundary terms. They are actually equivalent, but the equivalence is non local. Reflection equations are solved to get exact solvability on open chains with non trivial boundary conditions. Two families of diagonal solutions are found. The centre and the s-Casimir of the quantum enveloping algebra of sl(2/1) appear as tools for the construction of exactly solvable Hamiltonians. (author)
On the transfer matrix of the supersymmetric eight-vertex model. I. Periodic boundary conditions
Hagendorf, Christian; Liénardy, Jean
2018-03-01
The square-lattice eight-vertex model with vertex weights a, b, c, d obeying the relation (a^2+ab)(b^2+ab) = (c^2+ab)(d^2+ab) and periodic boundary conditions is considered. It is shown that the transfer matrix of the model for L = 2n + 1 vertical lines and periodic boundary conditions along the horizontal direction possesses the doubly degenerate eigenvalue \\Thetan = (a+b){\\hspace{0pt}}2n+1 . This proves a conjecture by Stroganov from 2001. The proof uses the supersymmetry of a related XYZ spin-chain Hamiltonian. The eigenstates of the transfer matrix corresponding to \\Thetan are shown to be the ground states of the spin-chain Hamiltonian. Moreover, for positive vertex weights \\Thetan is the largest eigenvalue of the transfer matrix.
Analytic supersymmetric regularization for the pure N=1 super-Yang-Mills model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abdalla, E.; Jasinschi, R.S.
1987-01-01
We calculate for the pure N=1 super-Yang-Mills model the quantum correction to the background field strength up to two loops. In using background field method, analytic regularization and Seeley coefficient expansion we show how these corrections arise. Our method differs from the dimensional regularization via dimensional reduction scheme in various respects, in particular to the origin of the background field strength as appearing in the divergent expressions. (orig.)
A supersymmetric standard model from a local E{sub 6} GUT
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Braam, Felix Klaus
2012-02-15
In this thesis we have investigated to what extent the exceptional Lie-group E{sub 6} can serve as unified gauge group. In the presence of the full E{sub 6} matter content, unifcation can be realized by increasing the degree of gauge symmetry above some intermediate scale. We found that a full E{sub 6} gauge invariant theory is disfavoured by phenomenological observations like proton stability and the smallness of flavour changing neutral currents. An appropriate framework to embed E{sub 6} into a model for particle physics are higher dimensional orbifold constructions, where E{sub 6} is the gauge group in the bulk and the intermediate symmetry group is the common subset of E{sub 6} subgroups residing at the fixed-points of the orbifold. In this way the degree of symmetry in four space-time dimensions is reduced, such that the operators leading to the aforementioned dsastrous phenomenological consequences can be forbidden independently. In order to derive the implications of the model for the current experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), we developed an automated spectrum generator. It uses Monte-Carlo Markov-Chain techniques to cope with the high dimensionality of the space of input parameters and the complex interdependencies in the evolution of the Lagrangian parameters from the orbifold compactification scale to the TeV scale. For the spectra obtained with this program, we performed Monte-Carlo simulations of the production and decay of the Z{sup '} boson stemming from the additional U(1){sup '}, using our own implementation of the model into the event generator WHIZARD.
Supersymmetric and supergravity theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pernici, M.
1986-01-01
The author addressed problems in Kaluza-Klein supergravity, in supersymmetric theories and in string theories. They constructed the following supergravity theories in higher dimensions: the maximal gauged supergravities in five and seven dimensions, both related to the respective ungauged theory, though the latter cannot be obtained by putting the coupling constant of the gauged version to zero (gauge discontinuity); the ten-dimensional N = 2 non-chiral and the six-dimensional N = 4 supergravities, through trivial dimensional reduction of higher dimensional theories. They studied the Kaluza-Klein compactifications of the seven-dimensional supergravity theories and of the ten-dimensional, N = 2 non-chiral supergravity. They obtained the non-compact gaugings and the critical points of the potential of the maximal gauged supergravity in seven dimensions. They computed the non-abelian chiral anomaly in super Yang-Mills theories, using a variation of the Fujikawa method. The covariant action of the SU(2) spinning string is obtained together with its extension to non-linear sigma models. A covariant action for the free open spinning string field theory is constructed by analyzing the BRST transformations
Dispersive and damping properties of supersymmetric sound. 2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lebedev, V.V.; Smilga, A.V.
1988-01-01
This paper is the second part of the work devoted to the massless fermionic collective excitation in supersymmetric media at nonzero temperature. The solution to generalized kinetic equations for the Wess-Zumino model at low temperatures is presented and the situation at high temperatures is discussed. Supersymmetric gauge models are also discussed
Acciarri, M.; Adriani, O.; Aguilar-Benitez, M.; Alcaraz, J.; Alemanni, G.; Allaby, J.; Aloisio, A.; Alviggi, M.G.; Ambrosi, G.; Anderhub, H.; Andreev, Valery P.; Angelescu, T.; Anselmo, F.; Arefev, A.; Azemoon, T.; Aziz, T.; Bagnaia, P.; Bajo, A.; Baksay, L.; Balandras, A.; Baldew, S.V.; Banerjee, S.; Banerjee, Sw.; Barczyk, A.; Barillere, R.; Bartalini, P.; Basile, M.; Batalova, N.; Battiston, R.; Bay, A.; Becattini, F.; Becker, U.; Behner, F.; Bellucci, L.; Berbeco, R.; Berdugo, J.; Berges, P.; Bertucci, B.; Betev, B.L.; Bhattacharya, S.; Biasini, M.; Biland, A.; Blaising, J.J.; Blyth, S.C.; Bobbink, G.J.; Bohm, A.; Boldizsar, L.; Borgia, B.; Bourilkov, D.; Bourquin, M.; Braccini, S.; Branson, J.G.; Brochu, F.; Buffini, A.; Buijs, A.; Burger, J.D.; Burger, W.J.; Cai, X.D.; Capell, M.; Cara Romeo, G.; Carlino, G.; Cartacci, A.M.; Casaus, J.; Castellini, G.; Cavallari, F.; Cavallo, N.; Cecchi, C.; Cerrada, M.; Cesaroni, F.; Chamizo, M.; Chang, Y.H.; Chaturvedi, U.K.; Chemarin, M.; Chen, A.; Chen, G.; Chen, G.M.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, H.S.; Chiefari, G.; Cifarelli, L.; Cindolo, F.; Civinini, C.; Clare, I.; Clare, R.; Coignet, G.; Colino, N.; Costantini, S.; Cotorobai, F.; de la Cruz, B.; Csilling, A.; Cucciarelli, S.; Dai, T.S.; van Dalen, J.A.; D'Alessandro, R.; de Asmundis, R.; Deglon, P.; Degre, A.; Deiters, K.; della Volpe, D.; Delmeire, E.; Denes, P.; DeNotaristefani, F.; De Salvo, A.; Diemoz, M.; Dierckxsens, M.; van Dierendonck, D.; Dionisi, C.; Dittmar, M.; Dominguez, A.; Doria, A.; Dova, M.T.; Duchesneau, D.; Dufournaud, D.; Duinker, P.; El Mamouni, H.; Engler, A.; Eppling, F.J.; Erne, F.C.; Ewers, A.; Extermann, P.; Fabre, M.; Falagan, M.A.; Falciano, S.; Favara, A.; Fay, J.; Fedin, O.; Felcini, M.; Ferguson, T.; Fesefeldt, H.; Fiandrini, E.; Field, J.H.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, P.H.; Fisk, I.; Forconi, G.; Freudenreich, K.; Furetta, C.; Galaktionov, Iouri; Ganguli, S.N.; Garcia-Abia, Pablo; Gataullin, M.; Gau, S.S.; Gentile, S.; Gheordanescu, N.; Giagu, S.; Gong, Z.F.; Grenier, Gerald Jean; Grimm, O.; Gruenewald, M.W.; Guida, M.; van Gulik, R.; Gupta, V.K.; Gurtu, A.; Gutay, L.J.; Haas, D.; Hasan, A.; Hatzifotiadou, D.; Hebbeker, T.; Herve, Alain; Hidas, P.; Hirschfelder, J.; Hofer, H.; Holzner, G.; Hoorani, H.; Hou, S.R.; Hu, Y.; Iashvili, I.; Jin, B.N.; Jones, Lawrence W.; de Jong, P.; Josa-Mutuberria, I.; Khan, R.A.; Kafer, D.; Kaur, M.; Kienzle-Focacci, M.N.; Kim, D.; Kim, J.K.; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D.; Kittel, W.; Klimentov, A.; Konig, A.C.; Kopal, M.; Kopp, A.; Koutsenko, V.; Kraber, M.; Kraemer, R.W.; Krenz, W.; Kruger, A.; Kunin, A.; Ladron de Guevara, P.; Laktineh, I.; Landi, G.; Lebeau, M.; Lebedev, A.; Lebrun, P.; Lecomte, P.; Lecoq, P.; Le Coultre, P.; Lee, H.J.; Le Goff, J.M.; Leiste, R.; Levtchenko, P.; Li, C.; Likhoded, S.; Lin, C.H.; Lin, W.T.; Linde, F.L.; Lista, L.; Liu, Z.A.; Lohmann, W.; Longo, E.; Lu, Y.S.; Lubelsmeyer, K.; Luci, C.; Luckey, David; Lugnier, L.; Luminari, L.; Lustermann, W.; Ma, W.G.; Maity, M.; Malgeri, L.; Malinin, A.; Mana, C.; Mangeol, D.; Mans, J.; Marian, G.; Martin, J.P.; Marzano, F.; Mazumdar, K.; McNeil, R.R.; Mele, S.; Merola, L.; Meschini, M.; Metzger, W.J.; von der Mey, M.; Mihul, A.; Milcent, H.; Mirabelli, G.; Mnich, J.; Mohanty, G.B.; Moulik, T.; Muanza, G.S.; Muijs, A.J.M.; Musicar, B.; Musy, M.; Napolitano, M.; Nessi-Tedaldi, F.; Newman, H.; Niessen, T.; Nisati, A.; Kluge, Hannelies; Ofierzynski, R.; Organtini, G.; Oulianov, A.; Palomares, C.; Pandoulas, D.; Paoletti, S.; Paolucci, P.; Paramatti, R.; Park, H.K.; Park, I.H.; Passaleva, G.; Patricelli, S.; Paul, Thomas Cantzon; Pauluzzi, M.; Paus, C.; Pauss, F.; Pedace, M.; Pensotti, S.; Perret-Gallix, D.; Petersen, B.; Piccolo, D.; Pierella, F.; Pieri, M.; Piroue, P.A.; Pistolesi, E.; Plyaskin, V.; Pohl, M.; Pojidaev, V.; Postema, H.; Pothier, J.; Prokofev, D.O.; Prokofiev, D.; Quartieri, J.; Rahal-Callot, G.; Rahaman, M.A.; Raics, P.; Raja, N.; Ramelli, R.; Rancoita, P.G.; Ranieri, R.; Raspereza, A.; Raven, G.; Razis, P.; Ren, D.; Rescigno, M.; Reucroft, S.; Riemann, S.; Riles, Keith; Rodin, J.; Roe, B.P.; Romero, L.; Rosca, A.; Rosier-Lees, S.; Roth, Stefan; Rosenbleck, C.; Roux, B.; Rubio, J.A.; Ruggiero, G.; Rykaczewski, H.; Saremi, S.; Sarkar, S.; Salicio, J.; Sanchez, E.; Sanders, M.P.; Schafer, C.; Schegelsky, V.; Schmidt-Kaerst, S.; Schmitz, D.; Schopper, H.; Schotanus, D.J.; Schwering, G.; Sciacca, C.; Seganti, A.; Servoli, L.; Shevchenko, S.; Shivarov, N.; Shoutko, V.; Shumilov, E.; Shvorob, A.; Siedenburg, T.; Son, D.; Smith, B.; Spillantini, P.; Steuer, M.; Stickland, D.P.; Stone, A.; Stoyanov, B.; Straessner, A.; Sudhakar, K.; Sultanov, G.; Sun, L.Z.; Sushkov, S.; Suter, H.; Swain, J.D.; Szillasi, Z.; Sztaricskai, T.; Tang, X.W.; Tauscher, L.; Taylor, L.; Tellili, B.; Teyssier, D.; Timmermans, Charles; Ting, Samuel C.C.; Ting, S.M.; Tonwar, S.C.; Toth, J.; Tully, C.; Tung, K.L.; Uchida, Y.; Ulbricht, J.; Valente, E.; Vesztergombi, G.; Vetlitsky, I.; Vicinanza, D.; Viertel, G.; Villa, S.; Vivargent, M.; Vlachos, S.; Vodopianov, I.; Vogel, H.; Vogt, H.; Vorobev, I.; Vorobov, A.A.; Vorvolakos, A.; Wadhwa, M.; Wallraff, W.; Wang, M.; Wang, X.L.; Wang, Z.M.; Weber, A.; Weber, M.; Wienemann, P.; Wilkens, H.; Wu, S.X.; Wynhoff, S.; Xia, L.; Xu, Z.Z.; Yamamoto, J.; Yang, B.Z.; Yang, C.G.; Yang, H.J.; Yang, M.; Ye, J.B.; Yeh, S.C.; Zalite, A.; Zalite, Yu.; Zhang, Z.P.; Zhu, G.Y.; Zhu, R.Y.; Zichichi, A.; Zilizi, G.; Zimmermann, B.; Zoller, M.
2001-01-01
A search for the lightest neutral CP-even and the neutral CP-odd Higgs bosons of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model is performed using 233.2 pb-1 of integrated luminosity collected with the L3 detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies 192-202 GeV. No signal is observed and lower mass limits are given as a function of tan(beta) for two scalar top mixing hypotheses. For tan(beta) greater than 0.8, they are mh > 83.4 GeV and mA > 83.8 GeV at 95 % confidence level.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Deshpande, N.G.; Keith, E.; Pal, P.B.
1993-01-01
We consider the breaking of the grand unification group SO(10) to the standard model gauge group through several chains containing two intermediate stages. Using the values of the gauge coupling constants at a scale M Z derived from recent data from the CERN e + e- collider LEP, we determine the range of their intermediate and unification scales. In particular, we identify those chains that permit new gauge structure at relatively low energy (∼1 TeV)
Supersymmetric theories of neutrino dark energy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fardon, Rob; Nelson, Ann E.; Weiner, Neal
2006-01-01
We present a supersymmetric model of dark energy from Mass Varying Neutrinos which is stable against radiative corrections to masses and couplings, and free of dynamical instabilities. This is the only such model of dark energy involving fields with significant couplings to any standard model particle. We briefly discuss consequences for neutrino oscillations and solar neutrinos
Bubbles of nothing and supersymmetric compactifications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Blanco-Pillado, Jose J. [IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48011, Bilbao (Spain); Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain); Shlaer, Benjamin [Department of Physics, University of Auckland,Private Bag 92019, Auckland (New Zealand); Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy,Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155 (United States); Sousa, Kepa [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain); Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM-CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid,Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Urrestilla, Jon [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain)
2016-10-03
We investigate the non-perturbative stability of supersymmetric compactifications with respect to decay via a bubble of nothing. We show examples where this kind of instability is not prohibited by the spin structure, i.e., periodicity of fermions about the extra dimension. However, such “topologically unobstructed” cases do exhibit an extra-dimensional analog of the well-known Coleman-De Luccia suppression mechanism, which prohibits the decay of supersymmetric vacua. We demonstrate this explicitly in a four dimensional Abelian-Higgs toy model coupled to supergravity. The compactification of this model to M{sub 3}×S{sub 1} presents the possibility of vacua with different windings for the scalar field. Away from the supersymmetric limit, these states decay by the formation of a bubble of nothing, dressed with an Abelian-Higgs vortex. We show how, as one approaches the supersymmetric limit, the circumference of the topologically unobstructed bubble becomes infinite, thereby preventing the realization of this decay. This demonstrates the dynamical origin of the decay suppression, as opposed to the more familiar argument based on the spin structure. We conjecture that this is a generic mechanism that enforces stability of any topologically unobstructed supersymmetric compactification.
Applications of supersymmetric quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rietdijk, R.H.
1992-01-01
The central subject of the thesis is the spinning particle model. It is a theory describing in a pseudoclassical way a Dirac particle which moves in an arbitrary d-dimensional space-time.In addition to space-time coordinates, the particle has spin which is described in terms of anti-commuting coordinates. Along the particles world line there is a super-symmetry between the fermionic spin variables and the bosonic position coordinates of the particle. It is straightforward to quantisize this model giving rise to supersymmetric quantum mechanics. The model does indeed describe a particle with spin 1/2, like a quark or an electron. There are two aspects of this model which is studied extensively in this thesis. First, to investigate the symmetries of the spinning particle on an arbitrary Riemannian manifold. Second, attention is drawn to the application of supersymmetric quantum mechanical models (i.e. spinning particle models) defined on an arbitrary Riemannian manifold to the calculation of anomalies in quantum field theories defined on the same manifold. (author). 49 refs.; 7 figs
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Crombrugghe, M. de; Rittenberg, V.
1982-12-01
We give a general construction for supersymmetric Hamiltonians in quantum mechanics. We find that N-extended supersymmetry imposes very strong constraints, and for N > 4 the Hamiltonian is integrable. We give a variety of examples, for one-particle and for many-particle systems, in different numbers of dimensions. (orig.)
Supersymmetric reflection matrices
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Moriconi, M.; Schoutens, K.
1997-04-01
We briefly review the general structure of integrable particle theories in 1 + 1 dimensions having N = 1 supersymmetry. Examples are specific perturbed superconformal field theories (of Yang-Lee type) and the N = 1 supersymmetric sine-Gordon theory. We comment on the modifications that are required when the N = 1 supersymmetry algebra contains non-trivial topological charges. (author). 8 refs, 2 figs
Supersymmetric leptogenesis with a light hidden sector
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
De Simone, Andrea
2010-04-01
Supersymmetric scenarios incorporating thermal leptogenesis as the origin of the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry generically predict abundances of the primordial elements which are in conflict with observations. In this paper we pro- pose a simple way to circumvent this tension and accommodate naturally ther- mal leptogenesis and primordial nucleosynthesis. We postulate the existence of a light hidden sector, coupled very weakly to the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, which opens up new decay channels for the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle, thus diluting its abundance during nucleosynthesis. We present a general model-independent analysis of this mechanism as well as two concrete realizations, and describe the relevant cosmological and astrophysical bounds and implications for this dark matter scenario. Possible experimental signatures at colliders and in cosmic-ray observations are also discussed. (orig.)
Vector supersymmetric multiplets in two dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Khattab, Mohammad
1990-01-01
Author.The invariance of both, N=1 supersymmetric yang-Mills theory and N-1 supersymmetric off-shell Wess-Zumino model in four dimensions is proved. Dimensional reduction is then applied to obtain super Yang-Mills theory with extended supersymmetry, N=2, in two dimensions. The resulting theory is then truncated to N=1 super Yang-Mills and with further truncation, N=1/2 supersymmetry is shown to be possible. Then, using the duality transformations, we find the off-shell supersymmetry algebra is closed and that the auxiliary fields are replaced by four-rank antisymmetric tensors with Gauge symmetry. Finally, the mechanism of dimensional reduction is then applied to obtain N=2 extended off-shell supersymmetric model with two gauge vector fields
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics: another nontrivial quantum superpotential
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cervero, J.M.
1991-01-01
A nontrivial example of a quantum superpotential in the framework of supersymmetric quantum mechanics is constructed using integrable soliton-like functions. The model is shown to be fully solvable and some consequences regarding the physical properties of the model such as transparence and boundary effects are discussed. (orig.)
Solvable potentials derived from supersymmetric quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Levai, G.
1994-01-01
The introduction of supersymmetric quantum mechanics has generated renewed interest in solvable problems of non-relativistic quantum mechanics. This approach offers an elegant way to describe different, but isospectral potentials by interpreting the degeneracy of their energy levels in terms of supersymmetry. The original ideas of supersymmetric quantum mechanics have been developed further in many respects in the past ten years, and have been applied to a large variety of physical problems. The purpose of this contribution is to give a survey of supersymmetric quantum mechanics and its applications to solvable quantum mechanical potentials. Its relation to other models describing isospectral potentials is also discussed here briefly, as well as some of its practical applications in various branches of physics. (orig.)
Supersymmetric Higgs boson production in Z decays
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gamberini, G.; Giudice, G.F.; Ridolfi, G.
1987-01-01
The problem of distinguishing between the standard model and the supersymmetric Higgs bosons is considered in the context of Z 0 decays. We find that, for some choices of the parameters, the branching ratio for Z 0 → H 0 γ is strongly enhanced by the exchange of supersymmetric fermions as virtual particles. This makes the study of this process at LEP very interesting, since other Z 0 branching modes into Higgs bosons, such as Z 0 → H 0 μ + μ - , are not so clearly modified by supersymmetry. (orig.)
Indirect detection of heavy supersymmetric dark matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kamionkowski, M.
1991-02-01
If neutralinos reside in the galactic halo they will be captured in the Sun and annihilate therein producing high-energy neutrinos. Present limits on the flux of such neutrinos from underground detectors such as IMB and Kamiokande 2 may be used to rule out certain supersymmetric dark-matter candidates, while in many other supersymmetric models the rates are large enough that if neutralinos do reside in the galactic halo, observation of a neutrino signal may be possible in the near future. 10 refs., 2 figs
Duru, Firdevs
2007-01-01
This thesis consists of two main parts: R&D; studies done on the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) Hadronic Calorimeter (HCAL) and physics simulations on the Higgs boson for a Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) and a Standard Model (SM) channel. In the first part, the air core light guides used in the read-out system of the Hadronic Forward (HF) calorimeter and the reflective materials used in them are studied. Then, tests and simulations were performed to find the most efficient way to collect Cerenkov light from the quartz plates, which are proposed as a substitute for the scintillator tiles in the Hadronic Endcap (HE) calorimeter due to radiation damage problems. In the second part physics simulations and their results are presented. The MSSM channel H/A[arrow right]ττ [arrow right]l l v v v v is studied to investigate the jet and missing transverse energy (MET) reconstruction of the CMS detector. The effects of the jet and MET corrections on the Higgs boson mass reconstruction are investigated. ...
Flavor hierarchy in SO(10) grand unified theories via 5-dimensional wave-function localization
Kitano, Ryuichiro; Li, Tianjun
2003-06-01
A mechanism to generate fermion-mass hierarchy in SO(10) grand unified theories is considered. We find that the lopsided family structure, which is suitable to the large angle Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein solution to solar neutrino oscillation, is realized without introducing extra matter fields if the hierarchy originates from the wave-function profile in an extra dimension. Unlike the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism, the SO(10) breaking effect may directly contribute to the source of the hierarchy, i.e., the bulk mass terms. It naturally explains the difference of the hierarchical patterns between the quark and the lepton sectors. We also find the possibility of horizontal unification, in which three generations of matter fields are unified to a 3-dimensional representation of an SU(2) gauge group.
Flavor hierarchy in SO(10) grand unified theories via 5-dimensional wave-function localization
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kitano, Ryuichiro; Li Tianjun
2003-01-01
A mechanism to generate fermion-mass hierarchy in SO(10) grand unified theories is considered. We find that the lopsided family structure, which is suitable to the large angle Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein solution to solar neutrino oscillation, is realized without introducing extra matter fields if the hierarchy originates from the wave-function profile in an extra dimension. Unlike the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism, the SO(10) breaking effect may directly contribute to the source of the hierarchy, i.e., the bulk mass terms. It naturally explains the difference of the hierarchical patterns between the quark and the lepton sectors. We also find the possibility of horizontal unification, in which three generations of matter fields are unified to a 3-dimensional representation of an SU(2) gauge group
Supersymmetric symplectic quantum mechanics
de Menezes, Miralvo B.; Fernandes, M. C. B.; Martins, Maria das Graças R.; Santana, A. E.; Vianna, J. D. M.
2018-02-01
Symplectic Quantum Mechanics SQM considers a non-commutative algebra of functions on a phase space Γ and an associated Hilbert space HΓ to construct a unitary representation for the Galilei group. From this unitary representation the Schrödinger equation is rewritten in phase space variables and the Wigner function can be derived without the use of the Liouville-von Neumann equation. In this article we extend the methods of supersymmetric quantum mechanics SUSYQM to SQM. With the purpose of applications in quantum systems, the factorization method of the quantum mechanical formalism is then set within supersymmetric SQM. A hierarchy of simpler hamiltonians is generated leading to new computation tools for solving the eigenvalue problem in SQM. We illustrate the results by computing the states and spectra of the problem of a charged particle in a homogeneous magnetic field as well as the corresponding Wigner function.
Ultraviolet divergences in non-renormalizable supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smilga, A.
2017-01-01
We present a pedagogical review of our current understanding of the ultraviolet structure of N =(1, 1) 6D supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and of N = 8 4D supergravity. These theories are not renormalizable, they involve power ultraviolet divergences and, in all probability, an infinite set of higher-dimensional counterterms that contribute to on-mass-shell scattering amplitudes. A specific feature of supersymmetric theories (especially of extended supersymmetric theories) is that these counterterms may not be invariant off-shell under the full set of supersymmetry transformations. The lowest-dimensional nontrivial counterterm is supersymmetric on-shell. Still higher counterterms may lose even the on-shell invariance. On the other hand, the full effective Lagrangian, generating the amplitudes and representing an infinite sum of counterterms, still enjoys the complete symmetry of original theory. We also discuss simple supersymmetric quantum-mechanical models that exhibit the same behavior.
Supersymmetrically transformed periodic potentials
C, David J. Fernandez
2003-01-01
The higher order supersymmetric partners of a stationary periodic potential are studied. The transformation functions associated to the band edges do not change the spectral structure. However, when the transformation is implemented for factorization energies inside of the forbidden bands, the final potential will have again the initial band structure but it can have bound states encrusted into the gaps, giving place to localized periodicity defects.
Planarizable Supersymmetric Quantum Toboggans
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Znojil, Miloslav
2011-01-01
Roč. 7, - (2011), 018/1-018/23 ISSN 1815-0659. [Workshop on Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics and Spectral Design. Benasque, 18.07.2010-30.07. 2010] R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP203/11/1433 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Keywords : supersymmetry * Schrodinger equation * complexified coordinates Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics Impact factor: 1.071, year: 2011
Symmetry breaking of SO(10) and constraints on Higgs potential, (1)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yasue, Masaki.
1980-08-01
The symmetry breaking of SO(10) is studied in the tree approximation of the potential for an adjoint (45) representation and a spinorial (16) representation. The potential can break SO(10) down to SU(3)sub(c) x SU(2)sub(L) x U(1). It is not allowed to break SO(10) down to SU(3)sub(c) x U(1)sub(em) via SU(3)sub(c) x SU(2)sub(L) x U(1) even in the presence of a cubic (16) (16*) (45) coupling. Instead, SU(3) x U(1) comes from SU(4) x U(1). The masses for the physical Higgs scalars are calculated in SU(3)sub(c) x SU(2)sub(L) x U(1). The dynamically allowed region of the vacuum expectation values of the (45) is found to be strongly restricted. As a result, SO(6) and SO(4) cannot show up in the course of the breaking. (author)
Allanach, B. C.; Cridge, T.
2017-11-01
We describe a major extension of the SOFTSUSY spectrum calculator to include the calculation of the decays, branching ratios and lifetimes of sparticles into lighter sparticles, covering the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM) as well as the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). This document acts as a manual for the new version of SOFTSUSY, which includes the calculation of sparticle decays. We present a comprehensive collection of explicit expressions used by the program for the various partial widths of the different decay modes in the appendix. Program Files doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/5hhwwmp43g.1 Licensing provisions: GPLv3 Programming language:C++, fortran Nature of problem: Calculating supersymmetric particle partial decay widths in the MSSM or the NMSSM, given the parameters and spectrum which have already been calculated by SOFTSUSY. Solution method: Analytic expressions for tree-level 2 body decays and loop-level decays and one-dimensional numerical integration for 3 body decays. Restrictions: Decays are calculated in the real R -parity conserving MSSM or the real R -parity conserving NMSSM only. No additional charge-parity violation (CPV) relative to the Standard Model (SM). Sfermion mixing has only been accounted for in the third generation of sfermions in the decay calculation. Decays in the MSSM are 2-body and 3-body, whereas decays in the NMSSM are 2-body only. Does the new version supersede the previous version?: Yes. Reasons for the new version: Significantly extended functionality. The decay rates and branching ratios of sparticles are particularly useful for collider searches. Decays calculated in the NMSSM will be a particularly useful check of the other programs in the literature, of which there are few. Summary of revisions: Addition of the calculation of sparticle and Higgs decays. All 2-body and important 3-body tree-level decays, including phenomenologically important loop-level decays (notably, Higgs decays to
Supersymmetric quantum corrections and Poisson-Lie T-duality
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Assaoui, F.; Lhallabi, T.; Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste
2000-07-01
The quantum actions of the (4,4) supersymmetric non-linear sigma model and its dual in the Abelian case are constructed by using the background superfield method. The propagators of the quantum superfield and its dual and the gauge fixing actions of the original and dual (4,4) supersymmetric sigma models are determined. On the other hand, the BRST transformations are used to obtain the quantum dual action of the (4,4) supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model in the sense of Poisson-Lie T-duality. (author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kersten, J.
2006-05-15
We study gaugino-mediated supersymmetry breaking in a six-dimensional SO(10) orbifold GUT model where quarks and leptons are mixtures of brane and bulk fields. The couplings of bulk matter fields to the supersymmetry breaking brane field have to be suppressed in order to avoid large FCNCs. We derive bounds on the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters and calculate the superparticle mass spectrum. If the gravitino is the LSP, the {tau}{sub 1} or the {nu}{sub {tau}}{sub L} turns out to be the NLSP, with characteristic signatures at future colliders and in cosmology. (Orig.)
Achard, P; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Bajo, A; Baksay, G; Baksay, L; Baldew, S V; Banerjee, S; Banerjee, Sw; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Bartalini, P; Basile, M; Batalova, N; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Bellucci, L; Berbeco, R; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Biasini, M; Biglietti, M; Biland, A; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bottai, S; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brochu, F; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Cai, X D; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada, M; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chiefari, G; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colino, N; Costantini, S; de la Cruz, B; Cucciarelli, S; van Dalen, J A; De Asmundis, R; Déglon, P L; Debreczeni, J; Degré, A; Dehmelt, K; Deiters, K; Della Volpe, D; Delmeire, E; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; De Salvo, A; Diemoz, M; Dierckxsens, M; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Duchesneau, D; Echenard, B; Eline, A; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Ewers, A; Extermann, Pierre; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisher, W; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gentile, S; Giagu, S; Gong, Z F; Grenier, G; Grimm, O; Grünewald, M W; Guida, M; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hakobyan, R S; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hirschfelder, J; Hofer, H; Hohlmann, M; Holzner, G; Hou, S R; Hu, Y; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Käfer, D; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, J K; Kirkby, Jasper; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopal, M; Koutsenko, V F; Kräber, M H; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Krüger, A; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Laktineh, I; Landi, G; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Levtchenko, M; Levchenko, P M; Li, C; Likhoded, S A; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Mans, J; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Mazumdar, K; McNeil, R R; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Mihul, A; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Mohanty, G B; Muanza, G S; Muijs, A J M; Musicar, B; Musy, M; Nagy, S; Natale, S; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Ofierzynski, R A; Organtini, G; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paolucci, P; Paramatti, R; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Pedace, M; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Piccolo, D; Pierella, F; Pioppi, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Pothier, J; Prokofiev, D O; Prokofev, D; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Rahaman, M A; Raics, P; Raja, N; Ramelli, R; Rancoita, P G; Ranieri, R; Raspereza, A V; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosca, A; Rosier-Lees, S; Roth, S; Rosenbleck, C; Roux, B; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruggiero, G; Rykaczewski, H; Sakharov, A; Saremi, S; Sarkar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Souga, C; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Sushkov, S V; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Szillási, Z; Tang, X W; Tarjan, P; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Tellili, B; Teyssier, D; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Van de Walle, R T; Vásquez, R P; Veszpremi, V; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Vicinanza, D; Viertel, Gert M; Villa, S; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vodopyanov, I; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, M; Wienemann, P; Wilkens, H; Wynhoff, S; Xia, L; Xu, Z Z; Yamamoto, J; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Yeh, S C; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, J; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zhuang, H L; Zichichi, A; Zimmermann, B; Zöller, M
2002-01-01
A search for the lightest neutral CP-even and neutral CP-odd Higgs bosons of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model is performed using 216.6 pb-1 of data collected with the L3 detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies between 203 and 209 GeV. No indication of a signal is found. Including our results from lower centre-of-mass energies, lower limits on the Higgs boson masses are set as a function of tan(beta) for several scenarios. For tan(beta) greater than 0.7 they are mh > 84.5 GeV and mA > 86.3 GeV at 95% confidence level.
Jun, Y; Lang-Hui, W; Ren Zhao You; Jun, Yin; Wen-Gan, Ma; Lang-Hui, Wan; Ren-You, Zhang
2002-01-01
We investigate in detail the effects of the R-parity lepton number violation in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) on the parent process $pp \\to e^+ e^- + X$ at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The numerical comparisons between the contributions of the R-parity violating effects to the parent process via the Drell-Yan subprocess and the gluon-gluon fusion are made. We find that the R-violating effects on $e^+ e^-$ pair production at the LHC could be significant. The results show that the cross section of the $ e^+ e^-$ pair productions via gluon-gluon collision at the LHC can be of the order of $10^2$ fb, and this subprocess maybe competitive with the production mechanism via the Drell-Yan subprocess. We give also quantitatively the analysis of the effects from both the mass of sneutrino and coupling strength of the R-parity violating interactions.
Chatrchyan, S; Khachatryan, V; Sirunyan, A M; Tumasyan, A; Adam, W; Bergauer, T; Dragicevic, M; Erö, J; Fabjan, C; Friedl, M; Frühwirth, R; Ghete, V M; Hammer, J; Hänsel, S; Hoch, M; Hörmann, N; Hrubec, J; Jeitler, M; Kasieczka, G; Kiesenhofer, W; Krammer, M; Liko, D; Mikulec, I; Pernicka, M; Rohringer, H; Schöfbeck, R; Strauss, J; Teischinger, F; Wagner, P; Waltenberger, W; Walzel, G; Widl, E; Wulz, C-E; Mossolov, V; Shumeiko, N; Suarez Gonzalez, J; Benucci, L; De Wolf, E A; Janssen, X; Maes, T; Mucibello, L; Ochesanu, S; Roland, B; Rougny, R; Selvaggi, M; Van Haevermaet, H; Van Mechelen, P; Van Remortel, N; Blekman, F; Blyweert, S; D'Hondt, J; Devroede, O; Gonzalez Suarez, R; Kalogeropoulos, A; Maes, J; Maes, M; Van Doninck, W; Van Mulders, P; Van Onsem, G P; Villella, I; Charaf, O; Clerbaux, B; De Lentdecker, G; Dero, V; Gay, A P R; Hammad, G H; Hreus, T; Marage, P E; Thomas, L; Vander Velde, C; Vanlaer, P; Adler, V; Cimmino, A; Costantini, S; Grunewald, M; Klein, B; Lellouch, J; Marinov, A; McCartin, J; Ryckbosch, D; Thyssen, F; Tytgat, M; Vanelderen, L; Verwilligen, P; Walsh, S; Zaganidis, N; Basegmez, S; Bruno, G; Caudron, J; Ceard, L; Cortina Gil, E; De Favereau De Jeneret, J; Delaere, C; Favart, D; Giammanco, A; Grégoire, G; Hollar, J; Lemaitre, V; Liao, J; Militaru, O; Ovyn, S; Pagano, D; Pin, A; Piotrzkowski, K; Schul, N; Beliy, N; Caebergs, T; Daubie, E; Alves, G A; Damiao, D De Jesus; Pol, M E; Souza, M H G; Carvalho, W; Da Costa, E M; Martins, C De Oliveira; De Souza, S Fonseca; Mundim, L; Nogima, H; Oguri, V; Da Silva, W L Prado; Santoro, A; Do Amaral, S M Silva; Sznajder, A; De Araujo, F Torres Da Silva; Dias, F A; Tomei, T R Fernandez Perez; Gregores, E M; Lagana, C; Marinho, F; Mercadante, P G; Novaes, S F; Padula, Sandra S; Darmenov, N; Dimitrov, L; Genchev, V; Iaydjiev, P; Piperov, S; Rodozov, M; Stoykova, S; Sultanov, G; Tcholakov, V; Trayanov, R; Vankov, I; Dimitrov, A; Hadjiiska, R; Karadzhinova, A; Kozhuharov, V; Litov, L; Mateev, M; Pavlov, B; Petkov, P; Bian, J G; Chen, G M; Chen, H S; Jiang, C H; Liang, D; Liang, S; Meng, X; Tao, J; Wang, J; Wang, J; Wang, X; Wang, Z; Xiao, H; Xu, M; Zang, J; Zhang, Z; Ban, Y; Guo, S; Guo, Y; Li, W; Mao, Y; Qian, S J; Teng, H; Zhang, L; Zhu, B; Zou, W; Cabrera, A; Moreno, B Gomez; Rios, A A Ocampo; Oliveros, A F Osorio; Sanabria, J C; Godinovic, N; Lelas, D; Lelas, K; Plestina, R; Polic, D; Puljak, I; Antunovic, Z; Dzelalija, M; Brigljevic, V; Duric, S; Kadija, K; Morovic, S; Attikis, A; Galanti, M; Mousa, J; Nicolaou, C; Ptochos, F; Razis, P A; Finger, M; Finger, M; Assran, Y; Khalil, S; Mahmoud, M A; Hektor, A; Kadastik, M; Müntel, M; Raidal, M; Rebane, L; Azzolini, V; Eerola, P; Fedi, G; Czellar, S; Härkönen, J; Heikkinen, A; Karimäki, V; Kinnunen, R; Kortelainen, M J; Lampén, T; Lassila-Perini, K; Lehti, S; Lindén, T; Luukka, P; Mäenpää, T; Tuominen, E; Tuominiemi, J; Tuovinen, E; Ungaro, D; Wendland, L; Banzuzi, K; Korpela, A; Tuuva, T; Sillou, D; Besancon, M; Choudhury, S; Dejardin, M; Denegri, D; Fabbro, B; Faure, J L; Ferri, F; Ganjour, S; Gentit, F X; Givernaud, A; Gras, P; de Monchenault, G Hamel; Jarry, P; Locci, E; Malcles, J; Marionneau, M; Millischer, L; Rander, J; Rosowsky, A; Shreyber, I; Titov, M; Verrecchia, P; Baffioni, S; Beaudette, F; Benhabib, L; Bianchini, L; Bluj, M; Broutin, C; Busson, P; Charlot, C; Dahms, T; Dobrzynski, L; Elgammal, S; de Cassagnac, R Granier; Haguenauer, M; Miné, P; Mironov, C; Ochando, C; Paganini, P; Sabes, D; Salerno, R; Sirois, Y; Thiebaux, C; Wyslouch, B; Zabi, A; Agram, J-L; Andrea, J; Bloch, D; Bodin, D; Brom, J-M; Cardaci, M; Chabert, E C; Collard, C; Conte, E; Drouhin, F; Ferro, C; Fontaine, J-C; Gelé, D; Goerlach, U; Greder, S; Juillot, P; Karim, M; Le Bihan, A-C; Mikami, Y; Van Hove, P; Fassi, F; Mercier, D; Baty, C; Beauceron, S; Beaupere, N; Bedjidian, M; Bondu, O; Boudoul, G; Boumediene, D; Brun, H; Chierici, R; Contardo, D; Depasse, P; El Mamouni, H; Fay, J; Gascon, S; Ille, B; Kurca, T; Le Grand, T; Lethuillier, M; Mirabito, L; Perries, S; Sordini, V; Tosi, S; Tschudi, Y; Verdier, P; Lomidze, D; Anagnostou, G; Edelhoff, M; Feld, L; Heracleous, N; Hindrichs, O; Jussen, R; Klein, K; Merz, J; Mohr, N; Ostapchuk, A; Perieanu, A; Raupach, F; Sammet, J; Schael, S; Sprenger, D; Weber, H; Weber, M; Wittmer, B; Ata, M; Bender, W; Dietz-Laursonn, E; Erdmann, M; Frangenheim, J; Hebbeker, T; Hinzmann, A; Hoepfner, K; Klimkovich, T; Klingebiel, D; Kreuzer, P; Lanske, D; Magass, C; Merschmeyer, M; Meyer, A; Papacz, P; Pieta, H; Reithler, H; Schmitz, S A; Sonnenschein, L; Steggemann, J; Teyssier, D; Tonutti, M; Bontenackels, M; Davids, M; Duda, M; Flügge, G; Geenen, H; Giffels, M; Ahmad, W Haj; Heydhausen, D; Kress, T; Kuessel, Y; Linn, A; Nowack, A; Perchalla, L; Pooth, O; Rennefeld, J; Sauerland, P; Stahl, A; Thomas, M; Tornier, D; Zoeller, M H; Martin, M Aldaya; Behrenhoff, W; Behrens, U; Bergholz, M; Bethani, A; Borras, K; Cakir, A; Campbell, A; Castro, E; Dammann, D; Eckerlin, G; Eckstein, D; Flossdorf, A; Flucke, G; Geiser, A; 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Varelas, N; Akgun, U; Albayrak, E A; Bilki, B; Clarida, W; Duru, F; Lae, C K; McCliment, E; Merlo, J-P; Mermerkaya, H; Mestvirishvili, A; Moeller, A; Nachtman, J; Newsom, C R; Norbeck, E; Olson, J; Onel, Y; Ozok, F; Sen, S; Wetzel, J; Yetkin, T; Yi, K; Barnett, B A; Blumenfeld, B; Bonato, A; Eskew, C; Fehling, D; Giurgiu, G; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Hu, G; Maksimovic, P; Rappoccio, S; Swartz, M; Tran, N V; Whitbeck, A; Baringer, P; Bean, A; Benelli, G; Grachov, O; Kenny Iii, R P; Murray, M; Noonan, D; Sanders, S; Wood, J S; Zhukova, V; Barfuss, A F; Bolton, T; Chakaberia, I; Ivanov, A; Khalil, S; Makouski, M; Maravin, Y; Shrestha, S; Svintradze, I; Wan, Z; Gronberg, J; Lange, D; Wright, D; Baden, A; Boutemeur, M; Eno, S C; Ferencek, D; Gomez, J A; Hadley, N J; Kellogg, R G; Kirn, M; Lu, Y; Mignerey, A C; Rossato, K; Rumerio, P; Santanastasio, F; Skuja, A; Temple, J; Tonjes, M B; Tonwar, S C; Twedt, E; Alver, B; Bauer, G; Bendavid, J; Busza, W; Butz, E; Cali, I A; Chan, M; Dutta, V; Everaerts, P; Ceballos, G Gomez; Goncharov, M; Hahn, K A; Harris, P; Kim, Y; Klute, M; Lee, Y-J; Li, W; Loizides, C; Luckey, P D; Ma, T; Nahn, S; Paus, C; Ralph, D; Roland, C; Roland, G; Rudolph, M; Stephans, G S F; Stöckli, F; Sumorok, K; Sung, K; Wenger, E A; Xie, S; Yang, M; Yilmaz, Y; Yoon, A S; Zanetti, M; Cooper, S I; Cushman, P; Dahmes, B; De Benedetti, A; Dudero, P R; Franzoni, G; Haupt, J; Klapoetke, K; Kubota, Y; Mans, J; Rekovic, V; Rusack, R; Sasseville, M; Singovsky, A; Cremaldi, L M; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Perera, L; Rahmat, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D; Bloom, K; Bose, S; Butt, J; Claes, D R; Dominguez, A; Eads, M; Keller, J; Kelly, T; Kravchenko, I; Lazo-Flores, J; Malbouisson, H; Malik, S; Snow, G R; Baur, U; Godshalk, A; Iashvili, I; Jain, S; Kharchilava, A; Kumar, A; Shipkowski, S P; Smith, K; Alverson, G; Barberis, E; Baumgartel, D; Boeriu, O; Chasco, M; Reucroft, S; Swain, J; Trocino, D; Wood, D; Zhang, J; Anastassov, A; Kubik, A; Odell, N; Ofierzynski, R A; Pollack, B; Pozdnyakov, A; Schmitt, M; Stoynev, S; Velasco, M; Won, S; Antonelli, L; Berry, D; Hildreth, M; Jessop, C; Karmgard, D J; Kolb, J; Kolberg, T; Lannon, K; Luo, W; Lynch, S; Marinelli, N; Morse, D M; Pearson, T; Ruchti, R; Slaunwhite, J; Valls, N; Wayne, M; Ziegler, J; Bylsma, B; Durkin, L S; Gu, J; Hill, C; Killewald, P; Kotov, K; Ling, T Y; Rodenburg, M; Williams, G; Adam, N; Berry, E; Elmer, P; Gerbaudo, D; Halyo, V; Hebda, P; Hunt, A; Jones, J; Laird, E; Pegna, D Lopes; Marlow, D; Medvedeva, T; Mooney, M; Olsen, J; Piroué, P; Quan, X; Saka, H; Stickland, D; Tully, C; Werner, J S; Zuranski, A; Acosta, J G; Huang, X T; Lopez, A; Mendez, H; Oliveros, S; Vargas, J E Ramirez; Zatserklyaniy, A; Alagoz, E; Barnes, V E; Bolla, G; Borrello, L; Bortoletto, D; Everett, A; Garfinkel, A F; Gutay, L; Hu, Z; Jones, M; Koybasi, O; Kress, M; Laasanen, A T; Leonardo, N; Liu, C; Maroussov, V; Merkel, P; Miller, D H; Neumeister, N; Shipsey, I; Silvers, D; Svyatkovskiy, A; Yoo, H D; Zablocki, J; Zheng, Y; Jindal, P; Parashar, N; Boulahouache, C; Cuplov, V; Ecklund, K M; Geurts, F J M; Padley, B P; Redjimi, R; Roberts, J; Zabel, J; Betchart, B; Bodek, A; Chung, Y S; Covarelli, R; de Barbaro, P; Demina, R; Eshaq, Y; Flacher, H; Garcia-Bellido, A; Goldenzweig, P; Gotra, Y; Han, J; Harel, A; Miner, D C; Orbaker, D; Petrillo, G; Vishnevskiy, D; Zielinski, M; Bhatti, A; Ciesielski, R; Demortier, L; Goulianos, K; Lungu, G; Malik, S; Mesropian, C; Yan, M; Atramentov, O; Barker, A; Duggan, D; Gershtein, Y; Gray, R; Halkiadakis, E; Hidas, D; Hits, D; Lath, A; Panwalkar, S; Patel, R; Richards, A; Rose, K; Schnetzer, S; Somalwar, S; Stone, R; Thomas, S; Cerizza, G; Hollingsworth, M; Spanier, S; Yang, Z C; York, A; Asaadi, J; Eusebi, R; Gilmore, J; Gurrola, A; Kamon, T; Khotilovich, V; Montalvo, R; Nguyen, C N; Osipenkov, I; Pakhotin, Y; Pivarski, J; Safonov, A; Sengupta, S; Tatarinov, A; Toback, D; Weinberger, M; Akchurin, N; Bardak, C; Damgov, J; Jeong, C; Kovitanggoon, K; Lee, S W; Roh, Y; Sill, A; Volobouev, I; Wigmans, R; Yazgan, E; Appelt, E; Brownson, E; Engh, D; Florez, C; Gabella, W; Issah, M; Johns, W; Kurt, P; Maguire, C; Melo, A; Sheldon, P; Snook, B; Tuo, S; Velkovska, J; Arenton, M W; Balazs, M; Boutle, S; Cox, B; Francis, B; Hirosky, R; Ledovskoy, A; Lin, C; Neu, C; Yohay, R; Gollapinni, S; Harr, R; Karchin, P E; Lamichhane, P; Mattson, M; Milstène, C; Sakharov, A; Anderson, M; Bachtis, M; Bellinger, J N; Carlsmith, D; Dasu, S; Efron, J; Flood, K; Gray, L; Grogg, K S; Grothe, M; Hall-Wilton, R; Herndon, M; Klabbers, P; Klukas, J; Lanaro, A; Lazaridis, C; Leonard, J; Loveless, R; Mohapatra, A; Palmonari, F; Reeder, D; Ross, I; Savin, A; Smith, W H; Swanson, J; Weinberg, M
2011-06-10
A search for neutral minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) Higgs bosons in pp collisions at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is presented. The results are based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 pb(-1) recorded by the CMS experiment. The search uses decays of the Higgs bosons to tau pairs. No excess is observed in the tau-pair invariant-mass spectrum. The resulting upper limits on the Higgs boson production cross section times branching fraction to tau pairs, as a function of the pseudoscalar Higgs boson mass, yield stringent new bounds in the MSSM parameter space.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
2012-01-01
We report results from searches for neutral Higgs bosons produced in p(bar p) collisions recorded by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We study the production of inclusive neutral Higgs boson in the ττ final state and in association with a b quark in the bττ and bbb final states. These results are combined to improve the sensitivity to the production of neutral Higgs bosons in the context of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). The data are found to be consistent with expectation from background processes. Upper limits on MSSM Higgs boson production are set for Higgs boson masses ranging from 90 to 300 GeV. We exclude tan β > 20-30 for Higgs boson masses below 180 GeV. These are the most stringent constraints on MSSM Higgs boson production in p(bar p) collisions.
On the fine-tuning problem in minimal SO(10) SUSY-GUT
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hempfling, R.
1994-05-01
In grand unified theories (GUT) based on SO(10) all fermions of one generation are embedded in a single representation. As a result, the top quark, the bottom quark, and the τ lepton have the same Yukawa coupling at the GUT scale. This implies a very large ratio of Higgs vacuum expectation values, tanβ≅m t /m b . In this letter we show that GUT threshold correction to the universal Higgs mass parameter can solve the fine-tuning problem associated with such large values of tan β. (orig.)
Dark matter and Bs→μ+μ- with minimal SO10 soft SUSY breaking
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dermisek, R.; Roszkowski, L.; Ruiz de Austri, R.; Raby, S.
2003-01-01
CMSSM boundary conditions are usually used when calculating cosmological dark matter densities. In this paper we calculate the cosmological density of dark matter in the MSSM using minimal SO 10 soft SUSY breaking boundary conditions. These boundary conditions incorporate several attractive features: they are consistent with SO 10 Yukawa unification, they result in a 'natural' inverted scalar mass hierarchy and they reduce the dimension 5 operator contribution to the proton decay rate. With regards to dark matter, on the other hand, this is to a large extent an unexplored territory with large squark and slepton masses m 16 , large A 0 and small {μ,M 1/2 }. We find that in most regions of parameter space the cosmological density of dark matter is considerably less than required by the data. However there is a well-defined, narrow region of parameter space which provides the observed relic density of dark matter, as well as a good fit to precision electroweak data, including top, bottom and tau masses, and acceptable bounds on the branching fraction of B s →μ + μ - . We present predictions for Higgs and SUSY spectra, the dark matter detection cross section and the branching ratio BR(B s →μ + μ - ) in this region of parameter space. (author)
Complete Cubic and Quartic Couplings of 16 and $\\bar{16}$ in SO(10) Unification
Syed, R M; Nath, Pran; Syed, Raza M.
2001-01-01
A recently derived basic theorem on the decomposition of SO(2N) vertices is used to obtain a complete analytic determination of all SO(10) invariant cubic superpotential couplings involving $16_{\\pm}$ semispinors of SO(10) chirality $\\pm$ and tensor representations. In addition to the superpotential couplings computed previously using the basic theorem involving the 10, 120 and $\\bar{126}$ tensor representations we compute here couplings involving the 1, 45 and 210 dimensional tensor representations, i.e., we compute the $\\bar{16}_{\\mp}16_{\\pm}1$,$\\bar{16}_{\\mp}16_{\\pm}45$ and $\\bar{16}_{\\mp}16_{\\pm}210$ Higgs couplings in the superpotential. A complete determination of dimension five operators in the superpotential arising from the mediation of the 1, 45 and 210 dimensional representations is also given. The vector couplings $\\bar{16}_{\\pm}16_{\\pm}1$, $\\bar{16}_{\\pm}16_{\\pm}45$ and $\\bar{16}_{\\pm}16_{\\pm}210$ are also analyzed. The role of large tensor representations and the possible application of results ...
Supersymmetric reciprocal transformation and its applications
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Liu, Q. P.; Popowicz, Ziemowit; Tian Kai
2010-01-01
The supersymmetric analog of the reciprocal transformation is introduced. This is used to establish a transformation between one of the supersymmetric Harry Dym equations and the supersymmetric modified Korteweg-de Vries equation. The reciprocal transformation, as a Baecklund-type transformation between these two equations, is adopted to construct a recursion operator for the supersymmetric Harry Dym equation. By proper factorization of the recursion operator, a bi-Hamiltonian structure is found for the supersymmetric Harry Dym equation. Furthermore, a supersymmetric Kawamoto equation is proposed and is associated with the supersymmetric Sawada-Kotera equation. The recursion operator and odd bi-Hamiltonian structure of the supersymmetric Kawamoto equation are also constructed.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cecotti, S.; Fendley, P.; Intriligator, K.; Vafa, C.
1992-01-01
We show that Tr(-1) F F e -βH is an index for N = 2 supersymmetric theories in two dimensions, in the sense that it is independent of almost all deformations of the theory. This index is related to the geometry of the vacua (Berry's curvature) and satisfies an exact differential equation as a function of β. For integrable theories we can also compute the index thermodynamically, using the exact S-matrix. The equivalence of these two results implies a highly non-trivial equivalence of a set of coupled integral equations with these differential equations, among them Painleve III and the affine Toda equations. (orig.)
Supersymmetric inflation: Recent progress
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ovrut, B.A.; Steinhardt, P.J.
1986-01-01
The new inflationary universe scenario is, in principle, a simple and powerful approach to resolving a large number of fundamental cosmological problems. However, in order for the scenario to be considered a complete theory, one critical question remains to be answered: What is the physics responsible for the phase transition that triggers the exponential expansion (inflation) of the universe? One possibility that the authors and several other groups have been pursuing is that the physics responsible for the phase transition involves (local) supersymmetry. The goal of this paper is to review the present status of ''Supersymmetric Inflation'', particularly emphasizing some very exciting results that they recently obtained
Supersymmetric Extension of Technicolor & Fermion Mass Generation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Antola, Matti; Di Chiara, Stefano; Sannino, Francesco
2012-01-01
We provide a complete extension of Minimal Walking Technicolor able to account for the standard model fermion masses. The model is supersymmetric at energies greater or equal to the technicolor compositeness scale. We integrate out, at the supersymmetry breaking scale, the elementary Higgses. We...... tests and experimental bounds on the mass spectrum. We then turn to the composite Higgs phenomenology at the LHC and show that current data are already constraining the parameter space of the model....
Small numbers in supersymmetric theories of nature
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Graesser, Michael L.
1999-01-01
The Standard Model of particle interactions is a successful theory for describing the interactions of quarks, leptons and gauge bosons at microscopic distance scales. Despite these successes, the theory contains many unsatisfactory features. The origin of particle masses is a central mystery that has eluded experimental elucidation. In the Standard Model the known particles obtain their mass from the condensate of the so-called Higgs particle. Quantum corrections to the Higgs mass require an unnatural fine tuning in the Higgs mass of one part in 10 -32 to obtain the correct mass scale of electroweak physics. In addition, the origin of the vast hierarchy between the mass scales of the electroweak and quantum gravity physics is not explained in the current theory. Supersymmetric extensions to the Standard Model are not plagued by this fine tuning issue and may therefore be relevant in Nature. In the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model there is also a natural explanation for electroweak symmetry breaking. Supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories also correctly predict a parameter of the Standard Model. This provides non-trivial indirect evidence for these theories. The most general supersymmetric extension to the Standard Model however, is excluded by many physical processes, such as rare flavor changing processes, and the non-observation of the instability of the proton. These processes provide important information about the possible structure such a theory. In particular, certain parameters in this theory must be rather small. A physics explanation for why this is the case would be desirable. It is striking that the gauge couplings of the Standard Model unify if there is supersymmetry close to the weak scale. This suggests that at high energies Nature is described by a supersymmetric Grand Unified Theory. But the mass scale of unification must be introduced into the theory since it does not coincide with the probable mass scale of strong quantum gravity. The subject
Supersymmetric hadronic mechanics and procedures for isosupersymmetrization
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ntibashirakandi, L.; Callebaut, D.K.
1994-01-01
In this paper the authors present the Lie-Santilli lifting of Witten's one-dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanical model within the context of supersymmetric hadronic mechanics and extended it to three dimensions. They show that the model describes the motion of a spin one-half particle in a central isosuperpotential. Choosing this isosuperpotential within the specific isosupersymmetrization procedure, their theory produces the model of hadronic harmonic oscillator plus isotopic spin-orbit couplings. They finally indicate that their model describes a particle under conventional potentials plus nonlocal-nonhamiltonian corrections expected in deep penetrations of the wavepackets. As such, the model appears to be significant for the recently proposed chemical synthesis of unstable hadrons via lighter hadrons, which is prohibited by quantum mechanics, but permitted by the covering hadronic mechanics. 16 refs
Vacuum fluctuations of the supersymmetric field in curved background
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bilić, Neven; Domazet, Silvije; Guberina, Branko
2012-01-01
We study a supersymmetric model in curved background spacetime. We calculate the effective action and the vacuum expectation value of the energy momentum tensor using a covariant regularization procedure. A soft supersymmetry breaking induces a nonzero contribution to the vacuum energy density and pressure. Assuming the presence of a cosmic fluid in addition to the vacuum fluctuations of the supersymmetric field an effective equation of state is derived in a self-consistent approach at one loop order. The net effect of the vacuum fluctuations of the supersymmetric fields in the leading adiabatic order is a renormalization of the Newton and cosmological constants.
Vacuum fluctuations of the supersymmetric field in curved background
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bilic, Neven, E-mail: bilic@thphys.irb.hr [Rudjer Boskovic Institute, POB 180, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia); Domazet, Silvije, E-mail: sdomazet@irb.hr [Rudjer Boskovic Institute, POB 180, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia); Guberina, Branko, E-mail: guberina@thphys.irb.hr [Rudjer Boskovic Institute, POB 180, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia)
2012-01-16
We study a supersymmetric model in curved background spacetime. We calculate the effective action and the vacuum expectation value of the energy momentum tensor using a covariant regularization procedure. A soft supersymmetry breaking induces a nonzero contribution to the vacuum energy density and pressure. Assuming the presence of a cosmic fluid in addition to the vacuum fluctuations of the supersymmetric field an effective equation of state is derived in a self-consistent approach at one loop order. The net effect of the vacuum fluctuations of the supersymmetric fields in the leading adiabatic order is a renormalization of the Newton and cosmological constants.
Supersymmetric U boson and the old U(1) problem
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kim, B.R.
1983-01-01
In the supersymmetric SU(3)xSU(2)xU(1)xUsup(')(1) model the new gauge group Usup(')(1) enforces the introduction of mirror fermions. In this note we address the inverse question. If one starts with SU(3)xSU(2)xU(1) including mirror fermions, what physical arguments other than the supersymmetric require the introduction of a new gauge group Usup(')(1). It turns out that the old U(1) problem is closely related with this question. Further we give an estimate for the upper bound for the parameter of the supersymmetric U boson r and x. (orig.)
Neutrino mixing and masses in SO(10) GUTs with hidden sector and flavor symmetries
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chu, Xiaoyong [International Centre for Theoretical Physics,Strada Costiera 11, I-34100 Trieste (Italy); Smirnov, Alexei Yu. [Max-Planck-Institute for Nuclear Physics,Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); International Centre for Theoretical Physics,Strada Costiera 11, I-34100 Trieste (Italy)
2016-05-23
We consider the neutrino masses and mixing in the framework of SO(10) GUTs with hidden sector consisting of fermionic and bosonic SO(10) singlets and flavor symmetries. The framework allows to disentangle the CKM physics responsible for the CKM mixing and different mass hierarchies of quarks and leptons and the neutrino new physics which produces smallness of neutrino masses and large lepton mixing. The framework leads naturally to the relation U{sub PMNS}∼V{sub CKM}{sup †}U{sub 0}, where structure of U{sub 0} is determined by the flavor symmetry. The key feature of the framework is that apart from the Dirac mass matrices m{sub D}, the portal mass matrix M{sub D} and the mass matrix of singlets M{sub S} are also involved in generation of the lepton mixing. This opens up new possibilities to realize the flavor symmetries and explain the data. Using A{sub 4}×Z{sub 4} as the flavor group, we systematically explore the flavor structures which can be obtained in this framework depending on field content and symmetry assignments. We formulate additional conditions which lead to U{sub 0}∼U{sub TBM} or U{sub BM}. They include (i) equality (in general, proportionality) of the singlet flavons couplings, (ii) equality of their VEVs; (iii) correlation between VEVs of singlets and triplet, (iv) certain VEV alignment of flavon triplet(s). These features can follow from additional symmetries or be remnants of further unification. Phenomenologically viable schemes with minimal flavon content and minimal number of couplings are constructed.
Supersymmetric Majoron inflation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
King, Stephen F.; Ludl, Patrick Otto [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton,Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)
2017-03-31
We propose supersymmetric Majoron inflation in which the Majoron field Φ responsible for generating right-handed neutrino masses may also be suitable for giving low scale “hilltop” inflation, with a discrete lepton number ℤ{sub N} spontaneously broken at the end of inflation, while avoiding the domain wall problem. In the framework of non-minimal supergravity, we show that a successful spectral index can result with small running together with small tensor modes. We show that a range of heaviest right-handed neutrino masses can be generated, m{sub N}∼10{sup 1}−10{sup 16} GeV, consistent with the constraints from reheating and domain walls.
New Supersymmetric String Compactifications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kachru, Shamit
2002-11-25
We describe a new class of supersymmetric string compactifications to 4d Minkowski space. These solutions involve type II strings propagating on (orientifolds of) non Calabi-Yau spaces in the presence of background NS and RR fluxes. The simplest examples have descriptions as cosets, generalizing the three-dimensional nilmanifold. They can also be thought of as twisted tori. We derive a formula for the (super)potential governing the light fields, which is generated by the fluxes and certain ''twists'' in the geometry. Detailed consideration of an example also gives strong evidence that in some cases, these exotic geometries are related by smooth transitions to standard Calabi-Yau or G2 compactifications of M-theory.
Properties of supersymmetric particles and processes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Barnett, R.M.
1986-01-01
The motivations for experimental searches for supersymmetric particles are discussed. The role of R-parity in these searches is described. The production and decay characteristics of each class of supersymmetric particles are investigated in the context of both e+e- and hadron machines. There is a detailed presentation of a sample calculation of a supersymmetric process. Emphasis is given to the signatures for detection of supersymmetric particles and processes. The current limits for supersymmetric particles are given. 125 refs., 50 figs
On negative norm states in supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ellwanger, U.
1983-01-01
We study the effective kinetic energy of scalar fields for two classes of supersymmetric theories. In theories with very large VEVs of scalar fields, as proposed by Witten, the use of the renormalization group improved effective action prevents the appearance of negative norm states. For simpler theories a general criterium for the absence of negative norm states is given, which is violated in a model with O(N)-symmetry proposed recently. (orig.)
The Supersymmetric Top-Ten Lists
Haber, Howard E.
1993-01-01
Ten reasons are given why supersymmetry is the leading candidate for physics beyond the Standard Model. Ultimately, the experimental discovery of supersymmetric particles at future colliders will determine whether supersymmetry is relevant for TeV scale physics. The grand hope of supersymmetry enthusiasts is to connect TeV scale supersymmetry with Planck scale physics. The ten most pressing theoretical problems standing in the way of this goal are briefly described.
On supersymmetric effective theories of axion
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Higaki, Tetsutaro [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Kitano, Ryuichiro [Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan). Dept. of Physics
2011-04-15
We study effective theories of an axion in spontaneously broken supersymmetric theories. We consider a system where the axion supermultiplet is directly coupled to a supersymmetry breaking sector whereas the standard model sector is communicated with those sectors through loops of messenger fields. The gaugino masses and the axion-gluon coupling necessary for solving the strong CP problem are both obtained by the same effective interaction. We discuss cosmological constraints on this framework. (orig.)
Supersymmetric SU(5) GUT with Stabilized Moduli
Antoniadis, Ignatios; Panda, Binata
2008-01-01
We construct a minimal example of a supersymmetric grand unified model in a toroidal compactification of type I string theory with magnetized D9-branes. All geometric moduli are stabilized in terms of the background internal magnetic fluxes which are of "oblique" type (mutually non-commuting). The gauge symmetry is just SU(5) and the gauge non-singlet chiral spectrum contains only three families of quarks and leptons transforming in the $10+{\\bar 5}$ representations.
Planar Quantum Mechanics: an Intriguing Supersymmetric Example
Veneziano, Gabriele
2006-01-01
After setting up a Hamiltonian formulation of planar (matrix) quantum mechanics, we illustrate its effectiveness in a non-trivial supersymmetric example. The numerical and analytical study of two sectors of the model, as a function of 't Hooft's coupling $\\lambda$, reveals both a phase transition at $\\lambda=1$ (disappearence of the mass gap and discontinuous jump in Witten's index) and a new form of strong-weak duality for $\\lambda \\to 1/\\lambda$.
Supersymmetric field theories at finite temperature
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dicus, D.A.; Tata, X.R.
1983-01-01
We show by explicit calculations to second and third order in perturbation theory, that finite temperature effects do not break the supersymmetry Ward-Takahashi identities of the Wess-Zumino model. Moreover, it is argued that this result is true to all orders in perturbation theory, and further, true for a wide class of supersymmetric theories. We point out, however, that these identities can be broken in the course of a phase transition that restores an originally broken internal symmetry
Collisional processes in supersymmetric plasma
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Czajka, Alina; Mrowczynski, Stanislaw
2011-01-01
Collisional processes in ultrarelativistic N=1 supersymmetric QED plasma are studied and compared to those in an electromagnetic plasma of electrons, positrons and photons. Cross sections of all binary interactions which occur in the supersymmetric plasma at the order of e 4 are computed. Some processes, in particular, the Compton scattering on selectrons, appear to be independent of momentum transfer and thus they are qualitatively different from processes in an electromagnetic plasma. It suggests that the transport properties of the supersymmetric plasma are different than those of its nonsupersymmetric counterpart. Energy loss and momentum broadening of a particle traversing the supersymmetric plasma are discussed in detail and the characteristics are shown to be surprisingly similar to those of QED plasma.
Basic hypergeometry of supersymmetric dualities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gahramanov, Ilmar, E-mail: ilmar.gahramanov@aei.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Mühlenberg 1, D14476 Potsdam (Germany); Institut für Physik und IRIS Adlershof, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Zum Grossen Windkanal 6, D12489 Berlin (Germany); Institute of Radiation Problems ANAS, B.Vahabzade 9, AZ1143 Baku (Azerbaijan); Department of Mathematics, Khazar University, Mehseti St. 41, AZ1096, Baku (Azerbaijan); Rosengren, Hjalmar, E-mail: hjalmar@chalmers.se [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Gothenburg, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden)
2016-12-15
We introduce several new identities combining basic hypergeometric sums and integrals. Such identities appear in the context of superconformal index computations for three-dimensional supersymmetric dual theories. We give both analytic proofs and physical interpretations of the presented identities.
Continuous degeneracy of non-supersymmetric vacua
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sun Zheng
2009-01-01
In global supersymmetric Wess-Zumino models with minimal Kaehler potentials, F-type supersymmetry breaking always yields instability or continuous degeneracy of non-supersymmetric vacua. As a generalization of the original O'Raifeartaigh's result, the existence of instability or degeneracy is true to any higher order corrections at tree level for models even with non-renormalizable superpotentials. The degeneracy generically coincides the R-axion direction under some assumptions of R-charge assignment, but generally requires neither R-symmetries nor any assumption of generic superpotentials. The result also confirms the well-known fact that tree level supersymmetry breaking is a very rare occurrence in global supersymmetric theories with minimal Kaehler potentials. The implication for effective field theory method in the landscape is discussed and we point out that choosing models with minimal Kaehler potentials may result in unexpected answers to the vacuum statistics. Supergravity theories or theories with non-minimal Kaehler potentials in general do not suffer from the existence of instability or degeneracy. But very strong gauge dynamics or small compactification dimension reduces the Kaehler potential from non-minimal to minimal, and gravity decoupling limit reduces supergravity to global supersymmetry. Instability or degeneracy may appear in these limits. Away from these limits, a large number of non-SUSY vacua may still be found in an intermediate region.
A review of supersymmetric GUT and its implication to proton decay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sakai, N.
1983-01-01
Supersymmetric grand unification and its implication to proton decay are reviewed. The author discusses prototype models and reviews recent studies of model building, in particular models with an intermediate scale (10/sup 10/ -- 10/sup 12/ Gev) supersymmetry breaking. Finally proton decay in supersymmetric models is reviewed
Search for supersymmetric particles at CDF
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wagner, R.G.
1989-01-01
Analyses of events with large unbalanced transverse energy from the 1987 and 1988-89 CDF data runs have set limits on the masses of supersymmetric squarks and gluinos. In a simple model with a stable photino as the lightest supersymmetric particle, the 1987 data with an integrated luminosity of 25.3 nb -1 have excluded at the 90% CL, squarks of mass less than 73 GeV/c 2 and gluinos of mass less than 74 GeV/c 2 . Preliminary results from an analysis of 1 pb -1 of data from the current 1988-89 run imply that the existence of a squark of mass less than 150 GeV/c 2 is unlikely. 4 refs., 2 fig., 1 tab
Supersymmetric extensions of Schrodinger-invariance
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Henkel, Malte; Unterberger, Jeremie
2006-01-01
The set of dynamic symmetries of the scalar free Schrodinger equation in d space dimensions gives a realization of the Schrodinger algebra that may be extended into a representation of the conformal algebra in d+2 dimensions, which yields the set of dynamic symmetries of the same equation where the mass is not viewed as a constant, but as an additional coordinate. An analogous construction also holds for the spin-12 Levy-Leblond equation. An N=2 supersymmetric extension of these equations leads, respectively, to a 'super-Schrodinger' model and to the (3 vertical bar 2)-supersymmetric model. Their dynamic supersymmetries form the Lie superalgebras osp(2 vertical bar 2)-bar sh(2 vertical bar 2) and osp(2 vertical bar 4), respectively. The Schrodinger algebra and its supersymmetric counterparts are found to be the largest finite-dimensional Lie subalgebras of a family of infinite-dimensional Lie superalgebras that are systematically constructed in a Poisson algebra setting, including the Schrodinger-Neveu-Schwarz algebra sns (N) with N supercharges. Covariant two-point functions of quasiprimary superfields are calculated for several subalgebras of osp(2 vertical bar 4). If one includes both N=2 supercharges and time-inversions, then the sum of the scaling dimensions is restricted to a finite set of possible values
Effective Higgs theories in supersymmetric grand unification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zheng, Sibo [Chongqing University, Department of Physics, Chongqing (China)
2017-09-15
The effective Higgs theories at the TeV scale in supersymmetric SU(5) grand unification models are systematically derived. Restricted to extensions on 5{sub H} containing the Higgs sector we show that only two types of real (vector-like) models and one type of chiral model are found to be consistent with perturbative grand unification. While the chiral model has been excluded by the LHC data, the fate of perturbative unification will be uniquely determined by the two classes of vector-like models. (orig.)
Quantum integrability and supersymmetric vacua
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nekrasov, Nikita; Shatashvili, Samson
2009-01-01
Supersymmetric vacua of two dimensional N=4 gauge theories with matter, softly broken by the twisted masses down to N=2, are shown to be in one-to-one correspondence with the eigenstates of integrable spin chain Hamiltonians. Examples include: the Heisenberg SU(2) XXX spin chain which is mapped to the two dimensional U(N) theory with fundamental hypermultiplets, the XXZ spin chain which is mapped to the analogous three dimensional super-Yang-Mills theory compactified on a circle, the XYZ spin chain and eight-vertex model which are related to the four dimensional theory compactified on T 2 . A consequence of our correspondence is the isomorphism of the quantum cohomology ring of various quiver varieties, such as T * Gr(N,L) and the ring of quantum integrals of motion of various spin chains. The correspondence extends to any spin group, representations, boundary conditions, and inhomogeneity, it includes Sinh-Gordon and non-linear Schroedinger models as well as the dynamical spin chains like Hubbard model. These more general spin chains correspond to quiver gauge theories with twisted masses, with classical gauge groups. We give the gauge-theoretic interpretation of Drinfeld polynomials and Baxter operators. In the classical weak coupling limit our results make contact with Nakajima constructions. Toric compactifications of four dimensional N=2 theories lead to the instanton corrected Bethe equations. (author)
Bethe Ansatz and supersymmetric vacua
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nekrasov, Nikita; Shatashvili, Samson
2009-01-01
Supersymmetric vacua of two dimensional N = 4 gauge theories with matter, softly broken by the twisted masses down to N = 2, are shown to be in one-to-one correspondence with the eigenstates of integrable spin chain Hamiltonians. Examples include: the Heisenberg SU(2)XXX spin chain which is mapped to the two dimensional U(N) theory with fundamental hypermultiplets, the XXZ spin chain which is mapped to the analogous three dimensional super-Yang-Mills theory compactified on a circle, the XYZ spin chain and eight-vertex model which are related to the four dimensional theory compactified on T 2 . A consequence of our correspondence is the isomorphism of the quantum cohomology ring of various quiver varieties, such as cotangent bundles to (partial) flag varieties and the ring of quantum integrals of motion of various spin chains. The correspondence extends to any spin group, representations, boundary conditions, and inhomogeneity, it includes Sinh-Gordon and non-linear Schroedinger models as well as the dynamical spin chains like Hubbard model. Compactifications of four dimensional N = 2 theories on a two-sphere lead to the instanton-corrected Bethe equations.
Neutral Supersymmetric Higgs Boson Searches
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Robinson, Stephen Luke [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
2008-07-01
In some Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model, including the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), the coupling of Higgs bosons to b-quarks is enhanced. This enhancement makes the associated production of the Higgs with b-quarks an interesting search channel for the Higgs and Supersymmetry at D0. The identification of b-quarks, both online and offline, is essential to this search effort. This thesis describes the author's involvement in the development of both types of b-tagging and in the application of these techniques to the MSSM Higgs search. Work was carried out on the Level-3 trigger b-tagging algorithms. The impact parameter (IP) b-tagger was retuned and the effects of increased instantaneous luminosity on the tagger were studied. An extension of the IP-tagger to use the z-tracking information was developed. A new b-tagger using secondary vertices was developed and commissioned. A tool was developed to allow the use of large multi-run samples for trigger studies involving b-quarks. Offline, a neural network (NN) b-tagger was trained combining the existing offline lifetime based b-tagging tools. The efficiency and fake rate of the NN b-tagger were measured in data and MC. This b-tagger was internally reviewed and certified by the Collaboration and now provides the official b-tagging for all analyses using the Run IIa dataset at D0. A search was performed for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to a b{bar b} pair and produced in association with one or more b-quarks. Limits are set on the cross-section times the branching ratio for such a process. The limits were interpreted in various MSSM scenarios. This analysis uses the NN b-tagger and was the first to use this tool. The analysis also relies on triggers using the Level-3 IP b-tagging tool described previously. A likelihood discriminant was used to improve the analysis and a neural network was developed to cross-check this technique. The result of the analysis has been submitted to PRL
Low energy dynamics of monopoles in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories with hypermultiplets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kim, Chanju
2006-01-01
We derive the low energy dynamics of monopoles and dyons in N = 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories with hypermultiplets in arbitrary representations by utilizing a collective coordinate expansion. We consider the most general case that Higgs fields both in the vector multiplet and in the hypermultiplets have nonzero vacuum expectation values. The resulting theory is a supersymmetric quantum mechanics which has been obtained by a nontrivial dimensional reduction of two-dimensional (4,0) supersymmetric sigma models with potentials
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Stern, Sebastian
2013-01-01
Two studies of Higgs boson decays to two oppositely charged muons in the Standard Model and in its minimal supersymmetric extension with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN are presented. The search for the decays of the neutral Higgs bosons, h, A and H, of the Minimal Supersymmetric Extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) to μ + μ - is performed in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV based on the data recorded in 2011 which correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.8 fb -1 . The branching fraction for the h/A/H → μ + μ - decay is about 300 times smaller compared to the most sensitive h/A/H → τ + τ - decay channel. But due to the very high experimental μ + μ - mass resolution, the signal appears as narrow resonances in the μ + μ - invariant mass distribution on top of a continuous background. Motivated by the two Higgs boson production modes, via gluon fusion and in association with b quarks, the search is performed in two complementary event categories either without or with at least one reconstructed b jet in the selected μ + μ - events. The two event categories have different signal-to-background ratios and their statistical combination improves the sensitivity of the search. Signal and background are parametrised by analytic functions. The total background contribution is estimated directly from the data. No significant excess of events above the Standard Model background is observed. Exclusion limits are derived for the MSSM m max h benchmark scenario with positive Higgs mixing parameter as a function of the free parameters m A and tan β. In addition, less model-dependent exclusion limits are set on the production cross section times branching fraction of a generic Higgs boson, φ, produced in either gluon fusion or in association with b quarks as a function its mass, m φ . The second study evaluates the physics potential of the ATLAS experiment for the search for the rare decay of the
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tian, Kai; Liu, Q.P.
2012-01-01
A new N=1 supersymmetric Harry Dym equation is constructed by applying supersymmetric reciprocal transformation to a trivial supersymmetric Harry Dym equation, and its recursion operator and Lax formulation are also obtained. Within the framework of symmetry approach, a class of 3rd order supersymmetric equations of Harry Dym type are considered. In addition to five known integrable equations, a new supersymmetric equation, admitting 5th order generalized symmetry, is shown to be linearizable through supersymmetric reciprocal transformation. Furthermore, its Lax representation and recursion operator are given so that the integrability of this new equation is confirmed. -- Highlights: ► A new supersymmetric Harry Dym equation is constructed through supersymmetric reciprocal transformations. ► The recursion operator and Lax formulation are established for the new supersymmetric Harry Dym equation. ► A supersymmetric equation of Harry Dym type is shown to be linearized through supersymmetric reciprocal transformation.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Patra, Sudhanwa; Pritimita, Prativa
2014-01-01
''Post-sphaleron baryogenesis'', a fresh and profound mechanism of baryogenesis accounts for the matter-antimatter asymmetry of our present universe in a framework of Pati-Salam symmetry. We attempt here to embed this mechanism in a non-SUSY SO(10) grand unified theory by reviving a novel symmetry breaking chain with Pati-Salam symmetry as an intermediate symmetry breaking step and as well to address post-sphaleron baryogenesis and neutron-antineutron oscillation in a rational manner. The Pati-Salam symmetry based on the gauge group SU(2) L x SU(2) R x SU(4) C is realized in our model at 10 5 -10 6 GeV and the mixing time for the neutron-antineutron oscillation process having ΔB = 2 is found to be τ n- anti n ≅ 10 8 -10 10 s with the model parameters, which is within the reach of forthcoming experiments. Other novel features of the model include low scale right-handed W R ± , Z R gauge bosons, explanation for neutrino oscillation data via the gauged inverse (or extended) seesaw mechanism and most importantly TeV scale color sextet scalar particles responsible for an observable n- anti n oscillation which may be accessible to LHC. We also look after gauge coupling unification and an estimation of the proton lifetime with and without the addition of color sextet scalars. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Warsinsky, Markus
2008-01-01
This thesis presents a Monte Carlo study of neutral Higgs bosons of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) decaying into muons at the ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. Signal and background processes are simulated using novel Monte Carlo generators that incorporate parts of higher order corrections and are expected to give a more accurate prediction than previous programs. The SHERPA Monte Carlo generator is validated for its use in the analysis and compared to results obtained with other programs. Where possible, the Monte Carlo event samples are normalized to higher order calculations. To increase the available Monte Carlo statistics, this study is based on the ATLAS fast detector simulation ATLFAST. Differences between ATLFAST and the detailed detector simulation of ATLAS are examined, and, where possible, correction procedures are devised. A cut based analysis is performed assuming an integrated luminosity of 30 fb -1 , and optimized with respect to the discovery potential for MSSM Higgs bosons. The systematic uncertainties of the event selection and the Monte Carlo predictions are estimated. A method that can be used to estimate the background from data is presented and evaluated. Last, the discovery potential of the ATLAS experiment in the CP conserving benchmark scenarios of the MSSM is evaluated. One or more of the neutral Higgs bosons of the MSSM can be discovered in the muonic decay mode using 30 fb -1 of data for low masses of the pseudoscalar boson A 0 , if the model parameter tan β is at least 20. For higher masses of the A 0 , tan β would need to be significantly higher to ensure a discovery in the studied decay channel. The sensitivity of ATLAS to MSSM Higgs bosons is multiple times larger than the one of previous and currently running experiments. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Warsinsky, Markus
2008-09-15
This thesis presents a Monte Carlo study of neutral Higgs bosons of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) decaying into muons at the ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. Signal and background processes are simulated using novel Monte Carlo generators that incorporate parts of higher order corrections and are expected to give a more accurate prediction than previous programs. The SHERPA Monte Carlo generator is validated for its use in the analysis and compared to results obtained with other programs. Where possible, the Monte Carlo event samples are normalized to higher order calculations. To increase the available Monte Carlo statistics, this study is based on the ATLAS fast detector simulation ATLFAST. Differences between ATLFAST and the detailed detector simulation of ATLAS are examined, and, where possible, correction procedures are devised. A cut based analysis is performed assuming an integrated luminosity of 30 fb{sup -1}, and optimized with respect to the discovery potential for MSSM Higgs bosons. The systematic uncertainties of the event selection and the Monte Carlo predictions are estimated. A method that can be used to estimate the background from data is presented and evaluated. Last, the discovery potential of the ATLAS experiment in the CP conserving benchmark scenarios of the MSSM is evaluated. One or more of the neutral Higgs bosons of the MSSM can be discovered in the muonic decay mode using 30 fb{sup -1} of data for low masses of the pseudoscalar boson A{sup 0}, if the model parameter tan {beta} is at least 20. For higher masses of the A{sup 0}, tan {beta} would need to be significantly higher to ensure a discovery in the studied decay channel. The sensitivity of ATLAS to MSSM Higgs bosons is multiple times larger than the one of previous and currently running experiments. (orig.)
Fermion Masses and Mixing in SUSY Grand Unified Gauge Models with Extended Gut Gauge Groups
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chou, Chih-Lung
2005-04-05
The authors discuss a class of supersymmetric (SUSY) grand unified gauge (GUT) models based on the GUT symmetry G x G or G x G x G, where G denotes the GUT group that has the Standard Model symmetry (SU(3){sub c} x SU(2){sub L} x U(1){sub Y}) embedded as a subgroup. As motivated from string theory, these models are constructed without introducing any Higgs field of rani two or higher. Thus all the Higgs fields are in the fundamental representations of the extended GUT symmetry or, when G = SO(10), in the spinorial representation. These Higgs fields, when acquiring their vacuum expectation values, would break the extended GUT symmetry down to the Standard Model symmetry. In this dissertation, they argue that the features required of unified models, such as the Higgs doublet-triplet splitting, proton stability, and the hierarchy of fermion masses and mixing angles, could have natural explanations in the framework of the extended SUSY GUTs. Furthermore, they argue that the frameworks used previously to construct SO(10) GUT models using adjoint Higgs fields can naturally arise from the SO(10) x SO(10) and SO(10) x SO(10) x SO(10) models by integrating out heavy fermions. This observation thus suggests that the traditional SUSY GUT SO(10) theories can be viewed as the low energy effective theories generated by breaking the extended GUT symmetry down to the SO(10) symmetry.
Supersymmetric self-dual Yang-Mills fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhao Liu
1994-01-01
A new four dimensional (4d) N = 1 supersymmetric integrable model, i.e. the supersymmetric self-dual Yang-Mills model is constructed. The equations of motion for this model are shown to be equivalent to the zero curvature condition on some superplane in the 4d superspace, the superplane being characterized by a point in the project space CP 3,4 . The linear systems are established according to this geometrical interpretation, and the effective action is also proposed in order to explain the dynamical content of the model
Two dimensional untwisted (4,4), twisted (4,4-bar) and chiral supersymmetric non linear σ-models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lhallabi, T.; Saidi, E.H.
1987-09-01
D=2 N=(4,4) harmonic superspace analysis is developed. The underlying untwisted (4,4) non linear σ-models are studied. A method of deriving chiral (4,0) and (0,4) models is presented. The Lagrange superparameter leading to the constraint specifying the hyperkahler manifold structure is predicted and its relation to the matter superfield is stated in a covariant way. A known construction is recovered. We show also that (4,4) model is not a direct sum of the chiral ones. Finally a twisted (4,4-bar) model is obtained. (author). 28 refs
Supersymmetric probes on the conifold
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Arean, Daniel; Crooks, David E.; Ramallo, Alfonso V.
2004-01-01
We study the supersymmetric embeddings of different D-brane probes in the AdS 5 xT 1,1 geometry. The main tool employed is kappa symmetry and the cases studied include D3-, D5- and D7-branes. We find a family of three-cycles of the T 1,1 space over which a D3-brane can be wrapped supersymmetrically and we determine the field content of the corresponding gauge theory duals. Supersymmetric configurations of D5-branes wrapping a two-cycle and of spacetime filling D7-branes are also found. The configurations in which the entire T 1,1 space is wrapped by a D5-brane (baryon vertex) and a D7-brane are also studied. Some other embeddings which break supersymmetry but are nevertheless stable are also determined. (author)
Supersymmetric regulators and supercurrent anomalies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Majumdar, P.; Poggio, E.C.; Schnitzer, H.J.
1980-01-01
The supercurrent anomalies of the supercurrent deltasub(μ) of the supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in Wess-Zumino gauge are computed using the supersymmetric dimensional regulator of Siegel. It is shown that γsub(μ)deltasup(μ) = 0 and deltasub(μ)deltasup(μ) unequal 0 in agreement with an earlier calculation based on the Adler-Rosenberg method. The problem of exhibiting the chiral anomaly and a regulator for local supersymmetry suggests that the interpretation of dimensional reduction in component language is incomplete. (orig.)
Supersymmetric inflation, baryon asymmetry and the gravitino problem
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ovrut, B.A.; Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia; Steinhardt, P.J.
1984-01-01
A special class of locally supersymmetric models has been found which can produce a phase transition that meets all the conditions necessary for the inflationary universe scenario and which sets, via spontaneous supersymmetry breaking, a mass hierarchy consistent with the electroweak unification scale. In this paper we show that the same models can produce a baryon asymmetry after inflation that is consistent with astrophysical observations and can avoid the cosmological problems caused by gravitinos that appear in almost all other locally supersymmetric models. (orig.)
Precision LEP data, supersymmetric GUTs and string unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ellis, J.; Kelley, S.; Nanopoulos, D.V.; Houston Area Research Center
1990-01-01
The precision of sin 2 θ w MS (m Z ) extracted from LEP data (0.233±0.001) confirms the prediction of minimal supersymmetric GUTs (0.235±0.004) within the errors of about 2%. Moreover, supersymmetric GUTs with three generations and a heavy top quark also predict m b =5.2±0.3 GeV in perfect agreement with potential model estimates (5.0±0.2 GeV). String unification would require that the effective grand unification scale m GUT be no larger than the effective string unification scale m SU , which is indeed consistent with the LEP data, which indicate m GUT ≅ 2x10 16 GeV in a minimal supersymmetric GUT, compared with the theoretical estimate m SU ≅ 10 17 GeV. Specific choices of the string model moduli could enforce m GUT =m SU even in minimal supersymmetric GUTs, whilst non-minimal supersymmetric GUTs can reconcile the successful predictions of sin 2 θ w with m GUT = m SU for generic values of the moduli, but tend to have m b too large. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fradkin, E.S.; Linetsky, V.Ya.
1990-10-01
The irreducible Racah basis for SU(N + 1|N) is introduced. An analytic continuation with respect to N leads to infinite-dimensional superalgebras su(υ + 1|υ). Large υ limit su(∞ + 1|∞) is calculated. The higher spin Sugawara construction leading to generalizations of the Virasoro algebra with infinite tower of higher spin currents is proposed and related WZNW and Toda models as well as possible applications in string theory are discussed. (author). 32 refs
Radiative see-saw formula in nonsupersymmetric SO (10) with dark ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
In the absence of supersymmetry, we show how experimentally verifiable radiative see-saw formula of Ma type is realized in non-SUSY (10) while fulfilling the twin objectives: precision gauge coupling unification and dark matter. This model is expected to have a dramatic impact on neutrino physics, dark matter and all ...
Likelihood analysis of supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagnaschi, E.; Weiglein, G. [DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Costa, J.C.; Buchmueller, O.; Citron, M.; Richards, A.; De Vries, K.J. [Imperial College, High Energy Physics Group, Blackett Laboratory, London (United Kingdom); Sakurai, K. [University of Durham, Science Laboratories, Department of Physics, Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham (United Kingdom); University of Warsaw, Faculty of Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Warsaw (Poland); Borsato, M.; Chobanova, V.; Lucio, M.; Martinez Santos, D. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Cavanaugh, R. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL (United States); University of Illinois at Chicago, Physics Department, Chicago, IL (United States); Roeck, A. de [CERN, Experimental Physics Department, Geneva (Switzerland); Antwerp University, Wilrijk (Belgium); Dolan, M.J. [University of Melbourne, ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale, School of Physics, Parkville (Australia); Ellis, J.R. [King' s College London, Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, London (United Kingdom); Theoretical Physics Department, CERN, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Flaecher, H. [University of Bristol, H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Bristol (United Kingdom); Heinemeyer, S. [Campus of International Excellence UAM+CSIC, Cantoblanco, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM-CSIC, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander (Spain); Isidori, G. [Universitaet Zuerich, Physik-Institut, Zurich (Switzerland); Olive, K.A. [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
2017-02-15
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has seven parameters: a universal gaugino mass m{sub 1/2}, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), m{sub 5} and m{sub 10}, and for the 5 and anti 5 Higgs representations m{sub H{sub u}} and m{sub H{sub d}}, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter A{sub 0}, and the ratio of Higgs vevs tan β. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and flavour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets + E{sub T} events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously identified mechanisms for bringing the supersymmetric relic density into the range allowed by cosmology, we identify a novel u{sub R}/c{sub R} - χ{sup 0}{sub 1} coannihilation mechanism that appears in the supersymmetric SU(5) GUT model and discuss the role of ν{sub τ} coannihilation. We find complementarity between the prospects for direct Dark Matter detection and SUSY searches at the LHC. (orig.)
Likelihood analysis of supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagnaschi, E. [DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Costa, J.C. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom). Blackett Lab.; Sakurai, K. [Durham Univ. (United Kingdom). Inst. for Particle Physics Phenomonology; Warsaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics; Collaboration: MasterCode Collaboration; and others
2016-10-15
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has 7 parameters: a universal gaugino mass m{sub 1/2}, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), m{sub 5} and m{sub 10}, and for the 5 and anti 5 Higgs representations m{sub H{sub u}} and m{sub H{sub d}}, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter A{sub 0}, and the ratio of Higgs vevs tan β. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and avour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets+E{sub T} events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously-identified mechanisms for bringing the supersymmetric relic density into the range allowed by cosmology, we identify a novel u{sub R}/c{sub R}-χ{sup 0}{sub 1} coannihilation mechanism that appears in the supersymmetric SU(5) GUT model and discuss the role of ν{sub T} coannihilation. We find complementarity between the prospects for direct Dark Matter detection and SUSY searches at the LHC.
Two-loop anomalous dimensions for four-Fermi operators in supersymmetric theories
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Junji Hisano
2017-09-01
Full Text Available We derive two-loop anomalous dimensions for four-Fermi operators in supersymmetric theories using the effective Kähler potential. We introduce the general forms in generic gauge theories and apply our results to the flavor-changing operators in (minimal supersymmetric standard models.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chaichian, M.; Kulish, P. P.
1978-04-01
Supersymmetric Liouville and sine-Gordon equations are studied. We write down for these models the system of linear equations for which the method of inverse scattering problem should be applicable. Expressions for an infinite set of conserved currents are explicitly given. Supersymmetric Baecklund transformations and generalized conservation laws are constructed. (author)
Supersymmetric classical mechanics: free case
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rodrigues, R. de Lima [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)]|[Paraiba Univ., Cajazeiras, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Exatas e da Natureza]. E-mail: rafael@cfp.ufpb.br; Almeida, W. Pires de [Paraiba Univ., Cajazeiras, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Exatas e da Natureza; Fonseca Neto, I. [Paraiba Univ., Campina Grande, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica
2001-06-01
We present a review work on Supersymmetric Classical Mechanics in the context of a Lagrangian formalism, with N = 1-supersymmetry. We show that the N = 1 supersymmetry does not allow the introduction of a potencial energy term depending on a single commuting supercoordinate, {phi}(t;{theta}). (author)
Supersymmetric contributions to the decay of an extra Z boson
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gherghetta, T.; Kaeding, T.A.; Kane, G.L.
1998-01-01
We analyze in detail the supersymmetric contributions to the decay of an extra Z boson in effective rank 5 models, including the important effect of D terms on sfermion masses. The inclusion of supersymmetric decay channels will reduce the Z ' branching ratio to standard model particles, resulting in lower Z ' mass limits than those often quoted. In particular, the supersymmetric parameter space motivated by the recent Fermilab eeγγ event and other suggestive evidence results in a branching fraction B(Z ' →e + e - )≅2 endash 4%. The expected cross sections and branching ratios could give a few events in the present data and we speculate on the connection to the three e + e - events observed at Fermilab with large dielectron invariant mass. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society
Proton and neutron decay rates in conventional and supersymmetric guts
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Salati, P.; Wallet, J.C.
1982-01-01
We present a general calculation of the two body decay rates of the nucleon, for the most general form of four-fermion ΔB = ΔL operators, in the framework of the SU(6) non-relativistic quark model. We have applied our general formulas to Higgs mediated decays in conventional and in supersymmetric SU(5) models. Lower bounds upon, the exchanged particles masses are given. We point out that the hierarchies of branching ratios in decays mediated by Higgs bosons are different from those of gauge boson decay modes (in the former case, neutrinos modes are dominant). We give, in conclusion, an experimental way to distinguish non-supersymmetric GUTs from supersymmetric ones, if the nucleon decays via Higgs bosons
Enhanced lepton flavour violation in the supersymmetric inverse seesaw
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Weiland, C
2013-01-01
In minimal supersymmetric seesaw models, the contribution to lepton flavour violation from Z-penguins is usually negligible. In this study, we consider the supersymmetric inverse seesaw and show that, in this case, the Z-penguin contribution dominates in several lepton flavour violating observables due to the low scale of the inverse seesaw mechanism. Among the observables considered, we find that the most constraining one is the μ-e conversion rate which is already restricting the otherwise allowed parameter space of the model. Moreover, in this framework, the Z-penguins exhibit a non-decoupling behaviour, which has previously been noticed in lepton flavour violating Higgs decays
Dark matter and dark forces from a supersymmetric hidden sector
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andreas, S.; Goodsell, M.D.; Ringwald, A.
2011-09-15
We show that supersymmetric ''Dark Force'' models with gravity mediation are viable. To this end, we analyse a simple supersymmetric hidden sector model that interacts with the visible sector via kinetic mixing of a light Abelian gauge boson with the hypercharge. We include all induced interactions with the visible sector such as neutralino mass mixing and the Higgs portal term. We perform a detailed parameter space scan comparing the produced dark matter relic abundance and direct detection cross-sections to current experiments. (orig.)
Production of supersymmetric pairs at antipp colliders
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Peschanski, R.
1985-02-01
Production and decay rates of squarks and gluinos at antipp colliders are shown to depend not only on the mass scale but on the ratio of squark to gluino mass. In the degenerate case which is shown to be natural in a large class of broken Supergravity models with minimal field content the predicted cross-sections are enhanced by a sizeable factor. This gives an improved bound on the squark mass (70 GeV) from the analysis of Cern monojets and indications for the search of squark decay modes of supersymmetric pairs at antipp colliders in the near future
Problems with False Vacua in Supersymmetric Theories
Bajc, Borut; Senjanovic, Goran
2011-01-01
It has been suggested recently that in a consistent theory any Minkowski vacuum must be exactly stable. As a result, a large class of theories that in ordinary treatment would appear sufficiently long-lived, in reality make no sense. In particular, this applies to supersymmetric models in which global supersymmetry is broken in a false vacuum. We show that in any such theory the dynamics of supersymmetry breaking cannot be decoupled from the Planck scale physics. This finding poses an obvious challenge for the idea of low-scale metastable (for example gauge) mediation.
Symmetries of supersymmetric integrable hierarchies of KP type
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nissimov, E.; Pacheva, S.
2002-01-01
This article is devoted to the systematic study of additional (non-isospectral) symmetries of constrained (reduced) supersymmetric integrable hierarchies of KP type--the so-called SKP (R;M B ,M F ) models. The latter are supersymmetric extensions of ordinary constrained KP hierarchies which contain as special cases basic integrable systems such as (m)KdV, AKNS, Fordy-Kulish, Yajima-Oikawa, etc. As a first main result it is shown that any SKP (R;M B ,M F ) hierarchy possesses two different mutually (anti-)commuting types of superloop superalgebra additional symmetries corresponding to the positive- and negative-grade parts of certain superloop superalgebras. The second main result is the systematic construction of the full algebra of additional Virasoro symmetries of SKP (R;M B ,M F ) hierarchies, which requires nontrivial modifications of the Virasoro flows known from the general case of unconstrained Manin-Radul super-KP hierarchies (the latter flows do not define symmetries for constrained SKP (R;M B ,M F ) hierarchies). As a third main result we provide systematic construction of the supersymmetric analogs of multi-component (matrix) KP hierarchies and show that the latter contain, among others, the supersymmetric version of the Davey-Stewartson system. Finally, we present an explicit derivation of the general Darboux-Baecklund solutions for the SKP (R;M B ,M F ) super-tau functions (supersymmetric 'soliton'-like solutions) which preserve the additional (non-isospectral) symmetries
Das, Siba Prasad; Nowakowski, Marek
2017-09-01
We analyze the prospects of observing the light charge parity (C P )-even neutral Higgs bosons (h1) in their decays into b b ¯ quarks, in the neutral and charged current production processes e h1q and ν h1q at the upcoming Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC), with √{s }≈1.296 TeV . Assuming that the intermediate Higgs boson (h2 ) is Standard Model (SM)-like, we study the Higgs production within the framework of next-to-minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM). We consider the constraints from dark-matter, sparticle masses, and the Higgs boson data. The signal in our analysis can be classified as three jets, with electron (missing energy) coming from the neutral (charged) current interaction. We demand that the number of b -tagged jets in the central rapidity region be greater or equal to two. The remaining jet is tagged in the forward regions. With this forward jet and two b -tagged jets in the central region, we reconstructed three jets invariant masses. Applying some lower limits on these invariant masses turns out to be an essential criterion to enhance the signal-to-background rates, with slightly different sets of kinematical selections in the two different channels. We consider almost all reducible and irreducible SM background processes. We find that the non-SM like Higgs boson, h1, would be accessible in some of the NMSSM benchmark points, at approximately the 0.4 σ (2.5 σ ) level in the e +3 j channel up to Higgs boson masses of 75 GeV, and in the ET +3 j channel could be discovered with the 1.7 σ (2.4 σ ) level up to Higgs boson masses of 88 GeV with 100 fb-1 of data in a simple cut-based (with optimization) selection. With ten times more data accumulation at the end of the LHeC run, and using optimization, one can have 5 σ discovery in the electron (missing energy) channel up to 85 (more than 90) GeV.
Abulencia, A; Acosta, D; Adelman, J; Affolder, T; Akimoto, T; Albrow, M G; Ambrose, D; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Anikeev, K; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Aoki, M; Apollinari, G; Arguin, J-F; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Azfar, F; Azzi-Bacchetta, P; Azzurri, P; Bacchetta, N; Bachacou, H; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Baroiant, S; Bartsch, V; Bauer, G; Bedeschi, F; Behari, S; Belforte, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Belloni, A; Ben-Haim, E; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Beringer, J; Berry, T; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bishai, M; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Bloom, K; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bolla, G; Bolshov, A; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Bourov, S; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carron, S; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chapman, J; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, I; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Chu, P H; Chuang, S H; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Ciljak, M; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Coca, M; Connolly, A; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Cooper, B; Copic, K; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Cruz, A; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cyr, D; Daronco, S; D'Auria, S; D'onofrio, M; Dagenhart, D; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lentdecker, G; Dell'Orso, M; Demers, S; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; De Pedis, D; Derwent, P F; Dionisi, C; Dittmann, J; Dituro, P; Dörr, C; Dominguez, A; Donati, S; Donega, M; Dong, P; Donini, J; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Ebina, K; Efron, J; Ehlers, J; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, I; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Flores-Castillo, L R; Foland, A; Forrester, S; Foster, G W; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Fujii, Y; Furic, I; Gajjar, A; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garcia, J E; Garcia Sciveres, M; Garfinkel, A F; Gay, C; Gerberich, H; Gerchtein, E; Gerdes, D; Giagu, S; Giannetti, P; Gibson, A; Gibson, K; Ginsburg, C; Giolo, K; Giordani, M; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Goldstein, J; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Gotra, Y; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Griffiths, M; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Haber, C; Hahn, S R; Hahn, K; Halkiadakis, E; Hamilton, A; Han, B-Y; Handler, R; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, M; Harper, S; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hatakeyama, K; Hauser, J; Hays, C; Hayward, H; Heijboer, A; Heinemann, B; Heinrich, J; Hennecke, M; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Holloway, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R E; Huston, J; Ikado, K; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ishizawa, Y; Ivanov, A; Iyutin, B; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeans, D; Jensen, H; Jeon, E J; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Kang, J; Karagoz-Unel, M; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kemp, Y; Kephart, R; Kerzel, U; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, M S; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kirby, M; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Klute, M; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Kobayashi, H; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Kordas, K; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kovalev, A; Kraus, J; Kravchenko, I; Kreps, M; Kreymer, A; Kroll, J; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kuhlmann, S E; Kusakabe, Y; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lai, S; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; Lecci, C; Lecompte, T; Lee, J; Lee, J; Lee, S W; Lefèvre, R; Leonardo, N; Leone, S; Levy, S; Lewis, J D; Li, K; Lin, C; Lin, C S; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Liss, T M; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, T; Liu, Y; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Loverre, P; Lu, R-S; Lucchesi, D; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; Lytken, E; Mack, P; Macqueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Maksimovic, P; Manca, G; Margaroli, F; Marginean, R; Marino, C; Martin, A; Martin, M; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Maruyama, T; Matsunaga, H; Mattson, M E; Mazini, R; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McGivern, D; McIntyre, P; McNamara, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Menzemer, S; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Messina, A; von der Mey, M; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miles, J; Miller, R; Miller, J S; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Miquel, R; Miscetti, S; Mitselmakher, G; Miyamoto, A; Moggi, N; Mohr, B; Moore, R; Morello, M; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Mulhearn, M; Muller, Th; Mumford, R; Murat, P; Nachtman, J; Nahn, S; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Naumov, D; Necula, V; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Nielsen, J; Nigmanov, T; Nodulman, L; Norniella, O; Ogawa, T; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Okusawa, T; Oldeman, R; Orava, R; Osterberg, K; Pagliarone, C; Palencia, E; Paoletti, R; Papadimitriou, V; Papikonomou, A; Paramonov, A A; Parks, B; Pashapour, S; Patrick, J; Pauletta, G; Paulini, M; Paus, C; Pellett, D E; Penzo, A; Phillips, T J; Piacentino, G; Piedra, J; Pitts, K; Plager, C; Pondrom, L; Pope, G; Portell, X; Poukhov, O; Pounder, N; Prakoshyn, F; Pronko, A; Proudfoot, J; Ptohos, F; Punzi, G; Pursley, J; Rademacker, J; Rahaman, A; Rakitin, A; Rappoccio, S; Ratnikov, F; Reisert, B; Rekovic, V; van Remortel, N; Renton, P; Rescigno, M; Richter, S; Rimondi, F; Rinnert, K; Ristori, L; Robertson, W J; Robson, A; Rodrigo, T; Rogers, E; Rolli, S; Roser, R; Rossi, M; Rossin, R; Rott, C; Ruiz, A; Russ, J; Rusu, V; Ryan, D; Saarikko, H; Sabik, S; Safonov, A; Sakumoto, W K; Salamanna, G; Salto, O; Saltzberg, D; Sanchez, C; Santi, L; Sarkar, S; Sato, K; Savard, P; Savoy-Navarro, A; Scheidle, T; Schlabach, P; Schmidt, E E; Schmidt, M P; Schmitt, M; Schwarz, T; Scodellaro, L; Scott, A L; Scribano, A; Scuri, F; Sedov, A; Seidel, S; Seiya, Y; Semenov, A; Semeria, F; Sexton-Kennedy, L; Sfiligoi, I; Shapiro, M D; Shears, T; Shepard, P F; Sherman, D; Shimojima, M; Shochet, M; Shon, Y; Shreyber, I; Sidoti, A; Sill, A; Sinervo, P; Sisakyan, A; Sjolin, J; Skiba, A; Slaughter, A J; Sliwa, K; Smirnov, D; Smith, J R; Snider, F D; Snihur, R; Soderberg, M; Soha, A; Somalwar, S; Sorin, V; Spalding, J; Spinella, F; Squillacioti, P; Stanitzki, M; Staveris-Polykalas, A; St Denis, R; Stelzer, B; Stelzer-Chilton, O; Stentz, D; Strologas, J; Stuart, D; Suh, J S; Sukhanov, A; Sumorok, K; Sun, H; Suzuki, T; Taffard, A; Tafirout, R; Takashima, R; Takeuchi, Y; Takikawa, K; Tanaka, M; Tanaka, R; Tecchio, M; Teng, P K; Terashi, K; Tether, S; Thom, J; Thompson, A S; Thomson, E; Tipton, P; Tiwari, V; Tkaczyk, S; Toback, D; Tollefson, K; Tomura, T; Tonelli, D; Tönnesmann, M; Torre, S; Torretta, D; Tourneur, S; Trischuk, W; Tsuchiya, R; Tsuno, S; Turini, N; Ukegawa, F; Unverhau, T; Uozumi, S; Usynin, D; Vacavant, L; Vaiciulis, A; Vallecorsa, S; Varganov, A; Vataga, E; Velev, G; Veramendi, G; Veszpremi, V; Vickey, T; Vidal, R; Vila, I; Vilar, R; Vollrath, I; Volobouev, I; Würthwein, F; Wagner, P; Wagner, R G; Wagner, R L; Wagner, W; Wallny, R; Walter, T; Wan, Z; Wang, M J; Wang, S M; Warburton, A; Ward, B; Waschke, S; Waters, D; Watts, T; Weber, M; Wester, W C; Whitehouse, B; Whiteson, D; Wicklund, A B; Wicklund, E; Williams, H H; Wilson, P; Winer, B L; Wittich, P; Wolbers, S; Wolfe, C; Worm, S; Wright, T; Wu, X; Wynne, S M; Yagil, A; Yamamoto, K; Yamaoka, J; Yamashita, Y; Yang, C; Yang, U K; Yao, W M; Yeh, G P; Yoh, J; Yorita, K; Yoshida, T; Yu, I; Yu, S S; Yun, J C; Zanello, L; Zanetti, A; Zaw, I; Zetti, F; Zhang, X; Zhou, J; Zucchelli, S
2006-01-13
We present a search for neutral supersymmetric Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs produced in pp collisions at square root of s = 1.96 TeV. The data, corresponding to 310 pb(-1) integrated luminosity, were collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab in run II of the Tevatron. No significant excess above the standard model backgrounds is observed. We set exclusion limits on the production cross section times branching fraction to tau pairs for Higgs boson masses in the range from 90 to 250 GeV/c2.
A mini review on CP-violating minimal supersymmetric Standard
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We discuss the present status of the Higgs sector of the CP-violating minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (CPVMSSM). In the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics, the only source of CP violation is the complex phase in the Cabibbo–Kobayashi–Maskawa (CKM) matrix. By now we all know that this singlephase is ...
Invariant solutions of the supersymmetric sine-Gordon equation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grundland, A M; Hariton, A J; Snobl, L
2009-01-01
A comprehensive symmetry analysis of the N=1 supersymmetric sine-Gordon equation is performed. Two different forms of the supersymmetric system are considered. We begin by studying a system of partial differential equations corresponding to the coefficients of the various powers of the anticommuting independent variables. Next, we consider the super-sine-Gordon equation expressed in terms of a bosonic superfield involving anticommuting independent variables. In each case, a Lie (super)algebra of symmetries is determined and a classification of all subgroups having generic orbits of codimension 1 in the space of independent variables is performed. The method of symmetry reduction is systematically applied in order to derive invariant solutions of the supersymmetric model. Several types of algebraic, hyperbolic and doubly periodic solutions are obtained in explicit form.
The supersymmetric Higgs pseudoscalar and its production in toponium decay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gamberini, G.; Giudice, G.F.; Ridolfi, G.
1987-01-01
In the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model one scalar Higgs boson is forced to be lighter than the Z 0 . We consider here the bounds, imposed by supersymmetry, on the mass of the physical Higgs pseudoscalar. It turns out that, although fairly stringent limits are found, it is still conveivable that this particle is light enough to be discovered at SLC and LEP. Its production rate in toponium decay is computed and discussed in view of the bounds on the supersymmetric Higgs sector parameters. (orig.)
Supersymmetric SU(11), the invisible axion, and proton decay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alwis, S.P. de; Kim, J.E.
1981-09-01
We supersymmetrize the very attractive flavour unification model SU(11). As with other supersymmetric GUTs the gauge hierarchy problem is simplified, but we may also have observable (tausub(p) is approximately 10 33 yrs) proton decay. The required split multiplets are obtained by making the adjoint take a particular direction. Supersymmetry is broken softly at the TeV scale. There is a unique U(1)sub(A) symmetry, and hence there are no true Nambu-Goldstone bosons. The U(1)sub(A) is broken at the GUT scale and there result an invisible axion and neutrino masses. (author)
Dispersive and damping properties of supersymmetric sound. 1
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lebedev, V.V.; Smilga, A.V.
1988-01-01
It is shown that a supersymmetric medium at nonzero temperature possesses necessarily the massless fermionic collective excitation which we call phonino. Its appearance is due to the spontaneous SUSY breaking at T ≠ and is as general as the appearance of the sound. The phase velocity of phonino is C=P/E where P is the pressure and E is the energy density of the medium. The Wess-Zumino model is studied in detail. In the case of small temperature, T 2 , where g<<1 is the coupling constant, and small. The gauge supersymmetric theories are also discussed
Supersymmetric hybrid inflation with non-minimal Kahler potential
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bastero-Gil, M.; King, S.F.; Shafi, Q.
2007-01-01
Minimal supersymmetric hybrid inflation based on a minimal Kahler potential predicts a spectral index n s ∼>0.98. On the other hand, WMAP three year data prefers a central value n s ∼0.95. We propose a class of supersymmetric hybrid inflation models based on the same minimal superpotential but with a non-minimal Kahler potential. Including radiative corrections using the one-loop effective potential, we show that the prediction for the spectral index is sensitive to the small non-minimal corrections, and can lead to a significantly red-tilted spectrum, in agreement with WMAP
Linearizable quantum supersymmetric σ models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Haba, Z.
1988-01-01
Euclidean quantization of superfields with values in a Hermitian manifold and defined on a super-Riemann surface is discussed. It is shown that stochastic differential equations relating an interacting σ superfield to the free one become linear if the field takes values in a generalized Poincare upper half-plane. A renormalized perturbative solution is obtained. Fields with values in a Riemann surface are discussed in brief
Aspects of extra dimensional supersymmetric unified theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fichet, S.
2011-09-01
The purpose of this work is to investigate Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) and to make the link with passed and upcoming experiments. The structure of this thesis is as follows. In the first chapter, we will briefly review the sequence of arguments leading to the Higgs mechanism, then to the different concepts underlying physics beyond the Standard Model, and to the paradigm of extra dimensional supersymmetric grand unified theories. At each level of the argumentation, we will mention the different solutions available. The second chapter introduces more formally supersymmetry and extra dimensions, focusing in particular on the aspects of symmetry breaking. Then, in the third chapter, we present in details the two frameworks of extra dimensional theories in which we worked, called supersymmetric gauge-Higgs unification (GHU) and holographic grand unification (HGU) as well as the developments and modifications we brought to them. The fourth chapter is devoted to the low energy viability of the GHU framework, as well as its phenomenological implications. The fifth chapter presents a more generic study of the property of GUT-scale degenerate Higgs mass matrix, common to both frameworks. Finally, the sixth chapter is devoted to the viability and phenomenological implications of the HGU framework, with special emphasis on lepton flavour violation. This quantitative study takes properly into account effects of matrix anarchy, as well as exact flavour observables. The results obtained should generalize, at least qualitatively, to any other model with similar localization and supersymmetry breaking features
Strong/weak coupling duality relations for non-supersymmetric string theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blum, J.D.; Dienes, K.R.
1998-01-01
Both the supersymmetric SO(32) and E 8 x E 8 heterotic strings in ten dimensions have known strong-coupling duals. However, it has not been known whether there also exist strong-coupling duals for the non-supersymmetric heterotic strings in ten dimensions. In this paper, we construct explicit open-string duals for the circle compactifications of several of these non-supersymmetric theories, among them the tachyon-free SO(16) x SO(16) string. Our method involves the construction of heterotic and open-string interpolating models that continuously connect non-supersymmetric strings to supersymmetric strings. We find that our non-supersymmetric dual theories have exactly the same massless spectra as their heterotic counterparts within a certain range of our interpolations. We also develop a novel method for analyzing the solitons of non-supersymmetric open-string theories, and find that the solitons of our dual theories also agree with their heterotic counterparts. These are therefore the first known examples of strong/weak coupling duality relations between non-supersymmetric, tachyon-free string theories. Finally, the existence of these strong-coupling duals allows us to examine the non-perturbative stability of these strings, and we propose a phase diagram for the behavior of these strings as a function of coupling and radius. (orig.)
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics an introduction
Gangopadhyaya, Asim; Rasinariu, Constantin
2017-01-01
We have written this book in order to provide a single compact source for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as for professional physicists who want to understand the essentials of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. It is an outgrowth of a seminar course taught to physics and mathematics juniors and seniors at Loyola University Chicago, and of our own research over a quarter of a century.
Inverted hierarchy and asymptotic freedom in grand unified supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aratyn, H.
1983-01-01
The interrelation between an inverted hierarchy mechanism and asymptotic freedom in supersymmetric theories is analyzed in two models for which we performed a detailed analysis of the effective potentials and effective couplings. We find it difficult to accommodate an inverted hierarchy together with asymptotic freedom for the matter-Yukawa couplings. (orig.)
Supersymmetric grand unified theories and cosmology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lazarides, G.; Shafi, Q.
1983-01-01
By examining the behavior of supersymmetric grand unified theories (GUT's) in the very early universe we find two classes of realistic models. In one of them supersymmetry is broken at or near superheavy GUT scale. The cosmological implications of such models are expected to be similar to those of nonsupersymmetric GUT's. In the second class of models, the superheavy GUT scale is related to the supersymmetry-breaking scale in the manner of Witten. Two types of cosmological scenarios appear possible in this case, either with or without an intermediate (new) inflationary phase. They can be experimentally distinguished, since the former predicts an absence and the latter an observable number density of superheavy monopoles. A mechanism for generating baryon asymmetry in such models is pointed out
Constrained supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT phenomenology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, John [CERN, TH Division, PH Department, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); King' s College London, Theoretical Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, London (United Kingdom); Mustafayev, Azar [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Olive, Keith A. [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Stanford University, Department of Physics and SLAC, Palo Alto, CA (United States)
2011-07-15
We explore the phenomenology of the minimal supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT model (CFSU(5)), whose soft supersymmetry-breaking (SSB) mass parameters are constrained to be universal at some input scale, M{sub in}, above the GUT scale, M{sub GUT}. We analyze the parameter space of CFSU(5) assuming that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) provides the cosmological cold dark matter, paying careful attention to the matching of parameters at the GUT scale. We first display some specific examples of the evolutions of the SSB parameters that exhibit some generic features. Specifically, we note that the relationship between the masses of the lightest neutralino {chi} and the lighter stau {tau}{sub 1} is sensitive to M{sub in}, as is the relationship between m{sub {chi}} and the masses of the heavier Higgs bosons A,H. For these reasons, prominent features in generic (m{sub 1/2},m{sub 0}) planes such as coannihilation strips and rapid-annihilation funnels are also sensitive to M{sub in}, as we illustrate for several cases with tan {beta}=10 and 55. However, these features do not necessarily disappear at large M{sub in}, unlike the case in the minimal conventional SU(5) GUT. Our results are relatively insensitive to neutrino masses. (orig.)
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics of the flux tube
Belitsky, A. V.
2016-12-01
The Operator Product Expansion approach to scattering amplitudes in maximally supersymmetric gauge theory operates in terms of pentagon transitions for excitations propagating on a color flux tube. These obey a set of axioms which allow one to determine them to all orders in 't Hooft coupling and confront against explicit calculations. One of the simplifying features of the formalism is the factorizability of multiparticle transitions in terms of single-particle ones. In this paper we extend an earlier consideration of a sector populated by one kind of excitations to the case of a system with fermionic as well as bosonic degrees of freedom to address the origin of the factorization. While the purely bosonic case was analyzed within an integrable noncompact open-spin chain model, the current case is solved in the framework of a supersymmetric sl (2 | 1) magnet. We find the eigenfunctions for the multiparticle system making use of the R-matrix approach. Constructing resulting pentagon transitions, we prove their factorized form. The discussion corresponds to leading order of perturbation theory.
Constrained Supersymmetric Flipped SU(5) GUT Phenomenology
Ellis, John; Olive, Keith A
2011-01-01
We explore the phenomenology of the minimal supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT model (CFSU(5)), whose soft supersymmetry-breaking (SSB) mass parameters are constrained to be universal at some input scale, $M_{in}$, above the GUT scale, $M_{GUT}$. We analyze the parameter space of CFSU(5) assuming that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) provides the cosmological cold dark matter, paying careful attention to the matching of parameters at the GUT scale. We first display some specific examples of the evolutions of the SSB parameters that exhibit some generic features. Specifically, we note that the relationship between the masses of the lightest neutralino and the lighter stau is sensitive to $M_{in}$, as is the relationship between the neutralino mass and the masses of the heavier Higgs bosons. For these reasons, prominent features in generic $(m_{1/2}, m_0)$ planes such as coannihilation strips and rapid-annihilation funnels are also sensitive to $M_{in}$, as we illustrate for several cases with tan(beta)...
Constrained supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT phenomenology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ellis, John; Mustafayev, Azar; Olive, Keith A.
2011-01-01
We explore the phenomenology of the minimal supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT model (CFSU(5)), whose soft supersymmetry-breaking (SSB) mass parameters are constrained to be universal at some input scale, M in , above the GUT scale, M GUT . We analyze the parameter space of CFSU(5) assuming that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) provides the cosmological cold dark matter, paying careful attention to the matching of parameters at the GUT scale. We first display some specific examples of the evolutions of the SSB parameters that exhibit some generic features. Specifically, we note that the relationship between the masses of the lightest neutralino χ and the lighter stau τ 1 is sensitive to M in , as is the relationship between m χ and the masses of the heavier Higgs bosons A,H. For these reasons, prominent features in generic (m 1/2 ,m 0 ) planes such as coannihilation strips and rapid-annihilation funnels are also sensitive to M in , as we illustrate for several cases with tan β=10 and 55. However, these features do not necessarily disappear at large M in , unlike the case in the minimal conventional SU(5) GUT. Our results are relatively insensitive to neutrino masses. (orig.)
Supersymmetric relations among electromagnetic dipole operators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Graesser, Michael; Thomas, Scott
2002-01-01
Supersymmetric contributions to all leptonic electromagnetic dipole operators have essentially identical diagrammatic structure. With approximate slepton universality this allows the muon anomalous magnetic moment to be related to the electron electric dipole moment in terms of supersymmetric phases, and to radiative flavor changing lepton decays in terms of small violations of slepton universality. If the current discrepancy between the measured and standard model values of the muon anomalous magnetic moment is due to supersymmetry, the current bound on the electron electric dipole moment then implies that the phase of the electric dipole operator is less than 2x10 -3 . Likewise the current bound on μ→eγ decay implies that the fractional selectron-smuon mixing in the left-left mass squared matrix, δm μ-tildee-tilde) 2 /m l-tilde) 2 , is less than 10 -4 . These relations and constraints are fairly insensitive to details of the superpartner spectrum for moderate to large tan β
Classification of supersymmetric backgrounds of string theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gran, U.; Gutowski, J.; Papadopoulos, G.; Roest, D.
2007-01-01
We review the recent progress made towards the classification of supersymmetric solutions in ten and eleven dimensions with emphasis on those of IIB supergravity. In particular, the spinorial geometry method is outlined and adapted to nearly maximally supersymmetric backgrounds. We then demonstrate its effectiveness by classifying the maximally supersymmetric IIB G-backgrounds and by showing that N=31 IIB solutions do not exist. (Abstract Copyright [2007], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
Deviations from Newton's law in supersymmetric large extra dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Callin, P.; Burgess, C.P.
2006-01-01
Deviations from Newton's inverse-squared law at the micron length scale are smoking-gun signals for models containing supersymmetric large extra dimensions (SLEDs), which have been proposed as approaches for resolving the cosmological constant problem. Just like their non-supersymmetric counterparts, SLED models predict gravity to deviate from the inverse-square law because of the advent of new dimensions at sub-millimeter scales. However SLED models differ from their non-supersymmetric counterparts in three important ways: (i) the size of the extra dimensions is fixed by the observed value of the dark energy density, making it impossible to shorten the range over which new deviations from Newton's law must be seen; (ii) supersymmetry predicts there to be more fields in the extra dimensions than just gravity, implying different types of couplings to matter and the possibility of repulsive as well as attractive interactions; and (iii) the same mechanism which is purported to keep the cosmological constant naturally small also keeps the extra-dimensional moduli effectively massless, leading to deviations from general relativity in the far infrared of the scalar-tensor form. We here explore the deviations from Newton's law which are predicted over micron distances, and show the ways in which they differ and resemble those in the non-supersymmetric case
Supersymmetric interpretations of the neutrino anomalies
Valle, José W F
2002-01-01
Solar and atmospheric neutrino data strongly indicate the need for physics beyond the standard model. The neutrino oscillation interpretation of the atmospheric data is rather unambiguous, with more options still open for the solar data. After a brief summary of the latest global fits of neutrino data, I discuss theoretical neutrino mass models. This is done first from a top-bottom approach inspired by unification ideas involving a see-saw mechanism or high dimension operators. Then I consider bottom-up approaches, with especial emphasis on the idea that the origin of neutrino mass and mixing is intrinsically supersymmetric. Models involve effective bilinear breaking of R-parity. This allows for the possibility of probing the neutrino mixing also in the context of high-energy collider experiments such as the LHC. (41 refs).
Supersymmetric theories and finiteness
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Helayel-Neto, J.A.
1989-01-01
We attempt here to present a short survey of the all-order finite Lagrangian field theories known at present in four-and two-dimensional space-times. The question of the possible relevance of these ultraviolet finite models in the formulation of consistent unified frameworks for the fundamental forces is also addressed to. (author)
Deformed supersymmetric quantum mechanics with spin variables
Fedoruk, Sergey; Ivanov, Evgeny; Sidorov, Stepan
2018-01-01
We quantize the one-particle model of the SU(2|1) supersymmetric multiparticle mechanics with the additional semi-dynamical spin degrees of freedom. We find the relevant energy spectrum and the full set of physical states as functions of the mass-dimension deformation parameter m and SU(2) spin q\\in (Z_{>0,}1/2+Z_{≥0}) . It is found that the states at the fixed energy level form irreducible multiplets of the supergroup SU(2|1). Also, the hidden superconformal symmetry OSp(4|2) of the model is revealed in the classical and quantum cases. We calculate the OSp(4|2) Casimir operators and demonstrate that the full set of the physical states belonging to different energy levels at fixed q are unified into an irreducible OSp(4|2) multiplet.
Branes and Six Dimensional Supersymmetric Theories
Hanany, Amihay; Hanany, Amihay; Zaffaroni, Alberto
1998-01-01
We consider configurations of sixbranes, fivebranes and eightbranes in various superstring backgrounds. These configurations give rise to $(0,1)$ supersymmetric theories in six dimensions. The condition for RR charge conservation of a brane configuration translates to the condition that the corresponding field theory is anomaly free. Sets of infinitely many models with non trivial RG fixed points at strong coupling are demonstrated. Some of them reproduce and generalise the world-volume theories of SO(32) and $E_8\\times E_8$ small instantons. All the models are shown to be connected by smooth transitions. In particular, the small instanton transition for which a tensor multiplet is traded for 29 hypermultiplets is explicitly demonstrated. The particular limit in which these theories can be considered as six dimensional string theories without gravity are discussed. New fixed points (string theories) associated with $E_n$ global symmetries are discovered by taking the strong string coupling limit.
Ultraviolet divergences and supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sagnotti, A.
1984-09-01
This article is closely related to the one by Ferrara in these same Proceedings. It deals with what is perhaps the most fascinating property of supersymmetric theories, their improved ultraviolet behavior. My aim here is to present a survey of the state of the art as of August, 1984, and a somewhat more detailed discussion of the breakdown of the superspace power-counting beyond N = 2 superfields. A method is also described for simplifying divergence calculations that uses the locality of subtracted Feynman integrals. 74 references
Supersymmetric gyratons in five dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Caldarelli, Marco M [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Milano Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy); Klemm, Dietmar [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Milano Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy); Zorzan, Emanuele [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Milano Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milan (Italy)
2007-03-07
We obtain the gravitational and electromagnetic field of a spinning radiation beam-pulse (a gyraton) in minimal five-dimensional gauged supergravity and show under which conditions the solution preserves part of the supersymmetry. The configurations represent generalizations of Lobatchevski waves on AdS with nonzero angular momentum, and possess a Siklos-Virasoro reparametrization invariance. We compute the holographic stress-energy tensor of the solutions and show that it transforms without anomaly under these reparametrizations. Furthermore, we present supersymmetric gyratons both in gauged and ungauged five-dimensional supergravity coupled to an arbitrary number of vector supermultiplets, which include gyratons on domain walls.
Geometry of supersymmetric gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gieres, F.
1988-01-01
This monograph gives a detailed and pedagogical account of the geometry of rigid superspace and supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories. While the core of the text is concerned with the classical theory, the quantization and anomaly problem are briefly discussed following a comprehensive introduction to BRS differential algebras and their field theoretical applications. Among the treated topics are invariant forms and vector fields on superspace, the matrix-representation of the super-Poincare group, invariant connections on reductive homogeneous spaces and the supermetric approach. Various aspects of the subject are discussed for the first time in textbook and are consistently presented in a unified geometric formalism
Supersymmetric Adler functions and holography
Iwanaga, Masaya; Karch, Andreas; Sakai, Tadakatsu
2016-09-01
We perform several tests on a recent proposal by Shifman and Stepanyantz for an exact expression for the current correlation functions in supersymmetric gauge theories. We clarify the meaning of the relation in superconformal theories. In particular we show that it automatically follows from known relations between the current correlation functions and anomalies. It therefore also automatically matches between different dual realizations of the same superconformal theory. We use holographic examples as well as calculations in free theories to show that the proposed relation fails in theories with mass terms.
Superfield approach to calculation of effective potential in supersymmetric field theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bukhbinder, I.L.; Kuzenko, S.M.; Yarevskaya, Zh.V.
1993-01-01
Superfield method of computing effective potential in supersymmetric field theories is suggested. The one-loop effective potential of the Wess-Zumino model is found. The prescription for obtaining multi-loop corrections is described
Higher dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics and Dirac ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We exhibit the supersymmetric quantum mechanical structure of the full 3+1 dimensional Dirac equation considering `mass' as a function of coordinates. Its usefulness in solving potential problems is discussed with speciﬁc examples. We also discuss the `physical' signiﬁcance of the supersymmetric states in this formalism.
The supersymmetric Pegg-Barnett oscillator
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shen, Jian Qi
2005-01-01
The su(n) Lie algebraic structure of the Pegg-Barnett oscillator that possesses a finite-dimensional number-state space is demonstrated. The supersymmetric generalization of the Pegg-Barnett oscillator is suggested. it is shown that such a supersymmetric Pegg-Barnett oscillator may have some potential applications, e.g., the mass spectrum of the charged leptons
Classification of supersymmetric backgrounds of string theory
Gran, Ulf; Gutowski, Jan; Papadopoulos, George; Roest, Diederik
2007-01-01
We review the recent progress made towards the classification of supersymmetric solutions in ten and eleven dimensions with emphasis on those of IIB supergravity. In particular, the spinorial geometry method is outlined and adapted to nearly maximally supersymmetric backgrounds.We then demonstrate
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
E. Ireson
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In this work we extend the results of previous derivations of Seiberg-like dualities (level-rank duality between gauged Wess–Zumino–Witten theories. The arguments in use to identify a potential dual for the supersymmetric WZW theory based on the coset U(N+MkU(Nk can be extended to be applied to a wider variety of gauge groups, notably USp(2N+2M2kUSp(2N2k and SO(2N+2M2kSO(2N2k, which will be dealt with briefly. Most interestingly, non-supersymmetric versions of the latter theories can also be shown to have duals in a similar fashion. These results are supported by several pieces of evidence, string phenomenological interpretations of Seiberg duality, even in non-supersymmetric backgrounds, are helpful to justify the formulation, then, from field theory, quantities such as central charges or Witten indices are shown to match exactly. The stability of these non-supersymmetric models is also discussed and shown to be consistent.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics for string-bits
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Thorn, C.B.
1997-01-01
The authors develop possible versions of supersymmetric single particle quantum mechanics, with application to superstring-bit models in view. The authors focus principally on space dimensions d = 1,2,4,8, the transverse dimensionalities of superstring in 3, 4, 7, 10 space-time dimensions. These are the cases for which classical superstring makes sense, and also the values of d for which Hooke's force law is compatible with the simplest superparticle dynamics. The basic question they address is: when is it possible to replace such harmonic force laws with more general ones, including forces which vanish at large distances? This is an important question because forces between string-bits that do not fall off with distance will almost certainly destroy cluster decomposition. They show that the answer is affirmative for d = 1,2, negative for d = 8, and so far inconclusive for d = 4
Supersymmetric dark matter above the W mass
Griest, Kim; Kamionkowski, Marc; Turner, Michael S.
1989-01-01
The cosmological consequences are studied for the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model in the case that the neutralino is heavier than W. The cross section was calculated for annihilation of heavy neutralinos into final states containing gauge and Higgs bosons (XX yields WW, ZZ, HH, HW, HZ), where X is the lightest, nth neutralino and the results are compared with the results with those previously obtained for annihilation into fermions to find the relic cosmological abundance for the most general neutralino. The new channels are particularly important for the Higgsino-like and mixed-state neutralinos, but are sub-dominant (to the fermion-antifermion annihilation channels) in the case that the neutralino is mostly a gaugino. The effect of the top quark mass is also considered. Using these cross sections and the cosmological constraint omega(sub X)h squared is less than or approximately 1, the entire range of cosmologically acceptable supersymmetric parameter space is mapped and a very general bound on the neutralino mass is discovered. For a top quark mass of less than 180 GeV, neutralinos heavier than 3200 GeV are cosmologically inconsistent, and if the top quark mass is less than 120 GeV, the bound is lowered to 2600 GeV. Neutralino states that are mostly gaugino are constrained to be lighter than 550 GeV. It is found that a heavy neutralino that contributes omega(sub X) is approximately 1 arises for a very wide range of model parameters and makes, therefore, a very natural and attractive dark matter candidate.
Supersymmetric gauge theories from string theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Metzger, St.
2005-12-01
This thesis presents various ways to construct four-dimensional quantum field theories from string theory. In a first part we study the generation of a supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, coupled to an adjoint chiral superfield, from type IIB string theory on non-compact Calabi-Yau manifolds, with D-branes wrapping certain sub-cycles. Properties of the gauge theory are then mapped to the geometric structure of the Calabi-Yau space. Even if the Calabi-Yau geometry is too complicated to evaluate the geometric integrals explicitly, one can then always use matrix model perturbation theory to calculate the effective superpotential. The second part of this work covers the generation of four-dimensional super-symmetric gauge theories, carrying several important characteristic features of the standard model, from compactifications of eleven-dimensional supergravity on G 2 -manifolds. If the latter contain conical singularities, chiral fermions are present in the four-dimensional gauge theory, which potentially lead to anomalies. We show that, locally at each singularity, these anomalies are cancelled by the non-invariance of the classical action through a mechanism called 'anomaly inflow'. Unfortunately, no explicit metric of a compact G 2 -manifold is known. Here we construct families of metrics on compact weak G 2 -manifolds, which contain two conical singularities. Weak G 2 -manifolds have properties that are similar to the ones of proper G 2 -manifolds, and hence the explicit examples might be useful to better understand the generic situation. Finally, we reconsider the relation between eleven-dimensional supergravity and the E 8 x E 8 -heterotic string. This is done by carefully studying the anomalies that appear if the supergravity theory is formulated on a ten-manifold times the interval. Again we find that the anomalies cancel locally at the boundaries of the interval through anomaly inflow, provided one suitably modifies the classical action. (author)
Supersymmetric electro-weak effects on gsub(μ)-2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yuan, T.C.; Arnowitt, R.; Chamseddine, A.H.; Nath, P.
1984-01-01
A model independent analysis of the supersymmetric electroweak contribution to gsub(μ)-2 is discussed within the framework of N=1 Supergravity unified theory. A detailed comparison with existing experiment of two models (R.G. and T.B.) is carried out. The supersymmetric electro-weak contributions are found to be characteristically different and generally larger than the electro-weak contributions of the standard theory, and in many cases significantly larger. Effects of the hidden sector and the photino mass dependence of gsub(μ)-2 are also investigated. Present data already eliminates some choices of parameters. Reduction of existing experimental errors by a factor of 3 will make contact with most R.G. models and by a factor of 10 with most T.B. models. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lavalle, J
2004-10-15
The purpose of this thesis is to discuss both phenomenological and experimental aspects of Dark Matter, related to its indirect detection with gamma-ray astronomy. In the MSSM (Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model) framework, neutralinos arise as natural candidates to non-baryonic and Cold Dark Matter, whose gravitational effects manifest in the Universe at different scales. As they are Majorana particles, they may in principle annihilate in high density regions, as the centres of galaxies, and produce gamma rays. Nevertheless, the expected fluxes are basically low compared to experimental sensitivities. After estimating gamma fluxes from M31 and Draco galaxies in the MSSM scheme, we first generalize the MSSM couplings by studying an effective Lagrangian. We show that the only constraint of imposing a relic abundance compatible with recent measurements obviously deplete significantly the gamma ray production, but also that predictions in this effective approach are more optimistic for indirect detection than the MSSM. In a second part, we present the indirect searches for Dark Matter performed with the CELESTE Cherenkov telescope towards the galaxy M31. We propose a statistical method to reconstruct spectra, mandatory to discriminate classical and exotic spectra. The M31 data analysis enables the extraction of an upper limit on the gamma ray flux, which is the first worldwide for a galaxy in the energy range 50-500 GeV, and whose astrophysical interest goes beyond indirect searches for Dark Matter. (author)
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics in three-dimensional space, 1
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ui, Haruo
1984-01-01
As a direct generalization of the model of supersymmetric quantum mechanics by Witten, which describes the motion of a spin one-half particle in the one-dimensional space, we construct a model of the supersymmetric quantum mechanics in the three-dimensional space, which describes the motion of a spin one-half particle in central and spin-orbit potentials in the context of the nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. With the simplest choice of the (super) potential, this model is shown to reduce to the model of the harmonic oscillator plus constant spin-orbit potential of unit strength of both positive and negative signs, which was studied in detail in our recent paper in connection with ''accidental degeneracy'' as well as the ''graded groups''. This simplest model is discussed in some detail as an example of the three-dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanical system, where the supersymmetry is an exact symmetry of the system. More general choice of a polynomial superpotential is also discussed. It is shown that the supersymmetry cannot be spontaneously broken for any polynomial superpotential in our three-dimensional model; this result is contrasted to the corresponding one in the one-dimensional model. (author)
Finite-temperature behavior of mass hierarchies in supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ginsparg, P.
1982-01-01
It is shown that Witten's mechanism for producing a large gauge hierarchy in supersymmetric theories leads to a novel symmetry behavior at finite temperature. The exponentially large expectation value in such models develops at a critical temperature of order of the small (supersymmetry-breaking) scale. The phase transition can proceed without need of vacuum tunnelling. Models based on Witten's mechanism thus require a reexamination of the standard cosmological treatment of grand unified theories. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kynshi, M.L.; Parida, M.K.
1993-01-01
We find that the presence of a real scalar in the grand desert transforming as ζ(3,0,8) under SU(2) L xU(1) Y xSU(3) C ensures the agreement of the GUT predictions with the data from CERN LEP and proton lifetime (τ p ). The mass of ζ is predicted to be close to the Peccei-Quinn symmetry-breaking scale. The computation of the threshold effects in SU(5) with Higgs representations 24, 5, and 75 shows that the maximum allowed τ p for reasonable superheavy Higgs boson masses is accessible to experimental tests at low energies. The additional predictions in SO(10) are small neutrino masses compatible with solutions to the solar-neutrino problem and the dark matter of the Universe
On the supersymmetric BKP hierarchy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ramos, Eduardo; Stanciu, Sonia
1994-01-01
We prove that the supersymmetric BKP-hierarchy of Yu (SBKP 2 ) is hamiltonian with respect to a nonlinear extension of the N=1 super-Virasoro algebra (W SBKP ) by fields of spin k, where k>[3]/[2] and 2k≡0,3 (mod 4). Moreover, we show how to associate in a similar manner an N=1 W-superalgebra with every integrable hierarchy of the SKdV-type. We also show using dressing transformations how to extend, in a way which is compatible with the hamiltonian structure, the SBKP 2 hierarchy by odd flows, as well as the equivalence of this extended hierarchy to the SBKP-hierarchy of Manin-Radul. ((orig.))
5D maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 4D superspace. Applications
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
McGarrie, Moritz
2013-03-01
We reformulate 5D maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 4D Superspace, for a manifold with boundaries. We emphasise certain features and conventions necessary to allow for supersymmetric model building applications. Finally we apply the holographic interpretation of a slice of AdS and show how to generate Dirac soft masses between external source fields, as well as kinetic mixing, as a boundary effective action.
5D maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 4D superspace. Applications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
McGarrie, Moritz
2013-03-15
We reformulate 5D maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 4D Superspace, for a manifold with boundaries. We emphasise certain features and conventions necessary to allow for supersymmetric model building applications. Finally we apply the holographic interpretation of a slice of AdS and show how to generate Dirac soft masses between external source fields, as well as kinetic mixing, as a boundary effective action.
Additional symmetries of supersymmetric KP hierarchies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Stanciu, S.
1993-09-01
We investigate the additional symmetries of several supersymmetric KP hierarchies: The SKP hierarchy of Manin and Radul, the SKP 2 hierarchy, and the Jacobian SKP hierarchy. The main technical tool is the supersymmetric generalisation of a map originally due to Radul between the Lie algebra of superdifferential operators and the Lie algebra of vector fields on the space of supersymmetric Lax operators. In the case of the Manin-Radul SKP hierarchy we identify additional symmetries which form an algebra isomorphic to a subalgebra of superdifferential operators; whereas in the case of the Jacobian SKP, the (additional) symmetries are identified with the algebra itself. (orig.)
Higher-order predictions for supersymmetric particle decays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Landwehr, Ananda Demian Patrick
2012-06-12
We analyze particle decays including radiative corrections at the next-to-leading order (NLO) within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). If the MSSM is realized at the TeV scale, squark and gluino production and decays yield relevant rates at the LHC. Hence, in the first part of this thesis, we compute decay widths including QCD and electroweak NLO corrections to squark and gluino decays. Furthermore, the Higgs sector of the MSSM is enhanced compared to the one of the Standard Model. Thus, the additional Higgs bosons decay also into supersymmetric particles. These decays and the according NLO corrections are analyzed in the second part of this thesis. The calculations are performed within a common renormalization framework and numerically evaluated in specific benchmark scenarios.
Chiral rings and anomalies in supersymmetric gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cachazo, Freddy; Witten, Edward; Seiberg, Nathan; Douglas, Michael R.
2002-01-01
Motivated by recent work of Dijkgraaf and Vafa, we study anomalies and the chiral ring structure in a supersymmetric U(N) gauge theory with an adjoint chiral superfield and an arbitrary superpotential. A certain generalization of the Konishi anomaly leads to an equation which is identical to the loop equation of a bosonic matrix model. This allows us to solve for the expectation values of the chiral operators as functions of a finite number of 'integration constants'. From this, we can derive the Dijkgraaf-Vafa relation of the effective superpotential to a matrix model. Some of our results are applicable to more general theories. For example, we determine the classical relations and quantum deformations of the chiral ring of N=1 super Yang-Mills theory with SU(N) gauge group, showing, as one consequence, that all supersymmetric vacua of this theory have a nonzero chiral condensate. (author)
The grin of Cheshire cat resurgence from supersymmetric localization
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Daniele Dorigoni, Philip Glass
2018-02-01
Full Text Available First we compute the $\\mbox{S}^2$ partition function of the supersymmetric $\\mathbb{CP}^{N-1}$ model via localization and as a check we show that the chiral ring structure can be correctly reproduced. For the $\\mathbb{CP}^1$ case we provide a concrete realisation of this ring in terms of Bessel functions. We consider a weak coupling expansion in each topological sector and write it as a finite number of perturbative corrections plus an infinite series of instanton-anti-instanton contributions. To be able to apply resurgent analysis we then consider a non-supersymmetric deformation of the localized model by introducing a small unbalance between the number of bosons and fermions. The perturbative expansion of the deformed model becomes asymptotic and we analyse it within the framework of resurgence theory. Although the perturbative series truncates when we send the deformation parameter to zero we can still reconstruct non-perturbative physics out of the perturbative data in a nice example of Cheshire cat resurgence in quantum field theory. We also show that the same type of resurgence takes place when we consider an analytic continuation in the number of chiral fields from $N$ to $r\\in\\mathbb{R}$. Although for generic real $r$ supersymmetry is still formally preserved, we find that the perturbative expansion of the supersymmetric partition function becomes asymptotic so that we can use resurgent analysis and only at the end take the limit of integer $r$ to recover the undeformed model.
A supersymmetric flipped SU(5) intersecting brane world
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chen, C.-M. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: cchen@physics.tamu.edu; Kraniotis, G.V. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: kraniotis@physics.tamu.edu; Mayes, V.E. [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)]. E-mail: eric@physics.tamu.edu (and others)
2005-03-31
We construct an N=1 supersymmetric three-family flipped SU(5) model from type IIA orientifolds on T{sup 6}/(Z{sub 2}xZ{sub 2}) with D6-branes intersecting at general angles. The spectrum contains a complete grand unified and electroweak Higgs sector. In addition, it contains extra exotic matter both in bi-fundamental and vector-like representations as well as two copies of matter in the symmetric representation of SU(5)
New Methods in Supersymmetric Theories and Emergent Gauge Symmetry
CERN. Geneva
2014-01-01
It is remarkable that light or even massless spin 1 particles can be composite. Consequently, gauge invariance is not fundamental but emergent. This idea can be realized in detail in supersymmetric gauge theories. We will describe the recent development of non-perturbative methods that allow to test this idea. One finds that the emergence of gauge symmetry is linked to some results in contemporary mathematics. We speculate on the possible applications of the idea of emergent gauge symmetry to realistic models.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics and new potentials
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Drigo Filho, E.
1988-01-01
Using the supersymmetric quantum mechanics the following potential are generalized. The particle in the box, Poeschl-Teller and Rosen-Morse. The new potentials are evaluated and their eigenfunctions and spectra are indicated. (author) [pt
Integrability and boundary conditions of supersymmetric systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yue Ruihong; Liang Hong
1996-01-01
By studying the solutions of the reflection equations, we find out a series of integrable supersymmetric systems with different boundary conditions. The Hamiltonian contains four free parameters which describe the contribution of the boundary terms
Level comparison theorems and supersymmetric quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baumgartner, B.; Grosse, H.
1986-01-01
The sign of the Laplacian of the spherical symmetric potential determines the order of energy levels with the same principal Coulomb quantum number. This recently derived theorem has been generalized, extended and applied to various situations in particle, nuclear and atomic physics. Besides a comparison theorem the essential step was the use of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Recently worked out applications of supersymmetric quantum mechanics to index problems of Dirac operators are mentioned. (Author)
Supersymmetric solutions of N =(1 ,1 ) general massive supergravity
Deger, N. S.; Nazari, Z.; Sarıoǧlu, Ö.
2018-05-01
We construct supersymmetric solutions of three-dimensional N =(1 ,1 ) general massive supergravity (GMG). Solutions with a null Killing vector are, in general, pp-waves. We identify those that appear at critical points of the model, some of which do not exist in N =(1 ,1 ) new massive supergravity (NMG). In the timelike case, we find that many solutions are common with NMG, but there is a new class that is genuine to GMG, two members of which are stationary Lifshitz and timelike squashed AdS spacetimes. We also show that in addition to the fully supersymmetric AdS vacuum, there is a second AdS background with a nonzero vector field that preserves 1 /4 supersymmetry.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
West, T.H.
1994-01-01
We calculate fermion electric dipole moments generated by P- and T-odd WWγ interactions in the supersymmetry and multi-Higgs-boson models without using an approximation first introduced by Marciano and Queijeiro. In essence, this approximation consists of ignoring the details of the high energy physics responsible for the W electric dipole moment. For the minimal supersymmetry model, our more exact results are roughly three times those obtained from the simplest application of the above-mentioned approximation for gaugino masses larger than m W . However, if the gaugino masses are approx-lt m W , our results are less than would be expected from the Marciano-Queijeiro estimate. In part, because of this suppression, we discover that the experimental bounds on d n place no restrictions on either the allowed values of d W or on the permitted masses of the minimal supersymmetry model. This contradicts the findings of Vendramin who used the Marciano-Queijeiro results to deduce such prohibited regions of parameter space and mildly improves the prospects of observing a nonzero W-boson electric dipole moment in accelerator experiments. In the case of the multi-Higgs-boson model, we again find fermion electric dipole moments that are three times those expected from a simple application of the Marciano-Queijeiro technique. In addition, when this result is combined with a complete two-loop calculation of the W electric dipole moment, we find that the fermion electric dipole moments generated in this way are approximately 30 times those expected from a previous calculation by He and McKellar
From Jack to Double Jack Polynomials via the Supersymmetric Bridge
Lapointe, Luc; Mathieu, Pierre
2015-07-01
The Calogero-Sutherland model occurs in a large number of physical contexts, either directly or via its eigenfunctions, the Jack polynomials. The supersymmetric counterpart of this model, although much less ubiquitous, has an equally rich structure. In particular, its eigenfunctions, the Jack superpolynomials, appear to share the very same remarkable combinatorial and structural properties as their non-supersymmetric version. These super-functions are parametrized by superpartitions with fixed bosonic and fermionic degrees. Now, a truly amazing feature pops out when the fermionic degree is sufficiently large: the Jack superpolynomials stabilize and factorize. Their stability is with respect to their expansion in terms of an elementary basis where, in the stable sector, the expansion coefficients become independent of the fermionic degree. Their factorization is seen when the fermionic variables are stripped off in a suitable way which results in a product of two ordinary Jack polynomials (somewhat modified by plethystic transformations), dubbed the double Jack polynomials. Here, in addition to spelling out these results, which were first obtained in the context of Macdonal superpolynomials, we provide a heuristic derivation of the Jack superpolynomial case by performing simple manipulations on the supersymmetric eigen-operators, rendering them independent of the number of particles and of the fermionic degree. In addition, we work out the expression of the Hamiltonian which characterizes the double Jacks. This Hamiltonian, which defines a new integrable system, involves not only the expected Calogero-Sutherland pieces but also combinations of the generators of an underlying affine {widehat{sl}_2} algebra.