Bosonization of supersymmetric KdV equation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gao Xiaonan [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240 (China); Lou, S.Y., E-mail: sylou@sjtu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240 (China); Faculty of Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo, 315211 (China); School of Mathematics, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433 (China)
2012-01-16
Bosonization approach to the classical supersymmetric systems is presented. By introducing the multi-fermionic parameters in the expansions of the superfields, the N=1 supersymmetric KdV (sKdV) system is transformed to a system of coupled bosonic equations. The method can be applied to any fermionic systems. By solving the coupled bosonic equations, some novel types of exact solutions can be explicitly obtained. Especially, the richness of the localized excitations of the supersymmetric integrable system is discovered. The rich multi-soliton solutions obtained here have not yet been obtained by using other methods. However, the traditional known multi-soliton solutions can also not be obtained by the bosonization approach of this Letter. Some open problems on the bosonization of the supersymmetric integrable models are proposed in the both classical and quantum levels.
Bilinear approach to N=2 supersymmetric KdV equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2009-01-01
The N=2 supersymmetric KdV equations are studied within the framework of Hirota bilinear method. For two such equations, namely N=2, a=4 and N=2, a=1 supersymmetric KdV equations, we obtain the corresponding bilinear formulations. Using them, we construct particular solutions for both cases. In particular, a bilinear Bcklund transformation is given for the N=2, a=1 supersymmetric KdV equation.
A N=2 extension of the Hirota bilinear formalism and the supersymmetric KdV equation
Delisle, Laurent
2015-01-01
We present a bilinear Hirota representation of the N=2 supersymmetric extension of the Korteweg-de Vries equation. This representation is deduced using binary Bell polynomials, hierarchies and fermionic limits. We, also, propose a new approach for the generalisation of the Hirota bilinear formalism in the N=2 supersymmetric context.
Restuccia, A
2013-01-01
A supersymmetric breaking procedure for $N=1$ Super KdV, using a Clifford algebra, is implemented. Dirac's method for the determination of constraints is used to obtain the Hamiltonian structure, via a Lagrangian, for the resulting solitonic system of coupled Korteweg-de Vries type system. It is shown that the Hamiltonian obtained by this procedure is bounded from below and in that sense represents a model which is physically admissible.
Prolongation structures for supersymmetric equations
Roelofs, G.H.M.; Hijligenberg, van den N.W.
1990-01-01
The well known prolongation technique of Wahlquist and Estabrook (1975) for nonlinear evolution equations is generalized for supersymmetric equations and applied to the supersymmetric extension of the KdV equation of Manin-Radul. Using the theory of Kac-Moody Lie superalgebras, the explicit form of
Gao, Xiao Nan; Tang, Xiao Yan
2013-01-01
Assuming that there exist at least two fermionic parameters, the classical N= 1 supersymmetric Korteweg-de Vries (SKdV) system can be transformed to some coupled bosonic systems. The boson fields in the bosonized SKdV (BSKdV) systems are defined on even Grassmann algebra. Due to the intrusion of other Grassmann parameters, the BSKdV systems are different from the usual non-supersymmetric integrable systems, and many more abundant solution structures can be unearthed. With the help of the singularity analysis, the Painlev\\'e property of the BSKdV system is proved and a B\\"acklund transformation (BT) is found. The BT related nonlocal symmetry, we call it as residual symmetry, is used to find symmetry reduction solutions of the BSKdV system. Hinted from the symmetry reduction solutions, a more generalized but much simpler method is established to find exact solutions of the BSKdV and then the SKdV systems, which actually can be applied to any fermionic systems.
Kersten, Paul H.M.
1988-01-01
By the introduction of nonlocal basonic and fermionic variables we construct a recursion symmetry of the super KdV equation, leading to a hierarchy of bosonic symmetries and one of fermionic symmetries. The hierarchies of bosonic and fermionic conservation laws arise in a natural way in the construc
Deformation and Recursion for the N=2 α=1 Supersymmetric KdV Hierarchy
Sorin, Alexander S.; Kersten, Paul H.M.
2004-01-01
A detailed description is given for the construction of the deformation of the N=2 supersymmetric α=1 KdV equation, leading to the recursion operator for symmetries and the zero-order Hamiltonian structure; the solution to a longstanding problem.
The Integrability of New Two-Component KdV Equation
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Ziemowit Popowicz
2010-02-01
Full Text Available We consider the bi-Hamiltonian representation of the two-component coupled KdV equations discovered by Drinfel'd and Sokolov and rediscovered by Sakovich and Foursov. Connection of this equation with the supersymmetric Kadomtsev-Petviashvilli-Radul-Manin hierarchy is presented. For this new supersymmetric equation the Lax representation and odd Hamiltonian structure is given.
New Complexiton Solutions of the KdV and Coupled KdV Equations
Pekcan, Aslı
2016-01-01
A new approach to double-sub equation method is introduced to construct novel solutions for the nonlinear partial differential equations. It is applied to the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation and yields new complexiton solutions of both the KdV and coupled KdV equations. The graphs of the solutions are also illustrated.
Restuccia, A
2014-01-01
The Poisson structure of a coupled system arising from a supersymmetric breaking of N=1 Super KdV equations is obtained. The supersymmetric breaking is implemented by introducing a Clifford algebra instead of a Grassmann algebra. The Poisson structure follows from the Dirac brackets obtained by the constraint analysis of the hamiltonian of the system. The coupled system has multisolitonic solutions. We show that the one soliton solutions are Liapunov stable.
Quasi-Modular instanton partition function and elliptic solution of KdV equations
He, Wei
2014-01-01
Four dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories are related to some solvable quantum mechanics models. For SU(2) theory with an adjoint matter, or with 4 fundamental matters, if the mass of matter takes special value then the potential of quantum model is the elliptic solution of KdV equations. We show that the prepotential of the gauge theory can be obtained from the average densities of the conserved charges of classical KdV solution, the UV gauge coupling dependence is assembled into Eisenstein series. The Eisenstein series come from integration of elliptic functions in KdV Hamiltonians. The gauge theory with adjoint mass is taken as the example.
KdV shock-like waves as invariant solutions of KdV equation symmetries
Kudashev, Vadim R.
1994-01-01
We consider the following hypothesis: some of KdV equation shock-like waves are invariant with respect to the combination of the Galilean symmetry and KdV equation higher symmetries. Also we demonstrate our approach on the example of Burgers equation.
Soliton solutions of a generalized discrete KdV equation
Kanki, Masataka; Tokihiro, Tetsuji
2012-01-01
We investigate the multi-soliton solutions to the generalized discrete KdV equation. In some cases a soliton with smaller amplitude moves faster than that with larger amplitude unlike the soliton solutions of the KdV equation. This phenomenon is intuitively understood from its ultradiscrete limit, where the system turns to the box ball system with a carrier. KEYWORDS: soliton, integrable equation, nonlinear system, discrete KdV equation, cellular automaton
Bi-Hamiltonian structure of the $N=2$ supersymmetric $\\alpha = 1$ KdV hierarchy
Kersten, P.H.M.; Sorin, A.S.
2002-01-01
The $N=2$ supersymmetric ${\\alpha}=1$ KdV hierarchy in $N=2$ superspace is considered and its rich symmetry structure is uncovered. New nonpolynomial and nonlocal, bosonic and fermionic symmetries and Hamiltonians, bi-Hamiltonian structure as well as a recursion operator connecting all symmetries an
Bi-Hamiltonian structure of the N=2 supersymmetric α=1 KdV hierarchy
Kersten, P.H.M.; Sorin, A.S.
2002-01-01
The N=2 supersymmetric α=1 KdV hierarchy in N=2 superspace is considered and its rich symmetry structure is uncovered. New nonpolynomial and nonlocal, bosonic and fermionic symmetries and Hamiltonians, bi-Hamiltonian structure as well as a recursion operator connecting all symmetries and Hamiltonian
Novel Wronskian Solutions of the KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘金; 邓淑芳
2003-01-01
The novel Wronskian solutions of the KdV equation were obtained as limits of the soliton solutions in the Wronskian form.These solutions were verified by direct substitution to satisfy the bilinear derivative form of the KdV equation and its Backlund trans-formation.
Conservation Laws and Lax Pair of the Variable Coefficient KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Da-Jun
2007-01-01
By a transformation between a Painlevé integrable variable coefficient KdV equation and the standard KdV equation, we derive the Lax pair and infinitely many conservation laws of the variable coefficient KdV equation from the counterparts of the KdV equation.
Exact Solutions of Bogoyavlenskii Coupled KdV Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HUHeng-Chun; LOUSen-Yue
2004-01-01
The special soliton solutions of Bogoyavlenskii coupled KdV equations are obtained by means of the standard Weiss-Tabor -Carnvale Painleve' truncation expansion and the nonstandard truncation of a modified Conte's invariant Painlevé expansion.
Adiabatic invariants of the extended KdV equation
Karczewska, Anna; Infeld, Eryk; Rowlands, George
2015-01-01
When the Euler equations for shallow water are taken to the next order, beyond KdV, $\\eta^2$ is no longer an invariant. (It would seem that $\\eta$ is the only one.) However, two adiabatic invariants akin to $\\eta^2$ can be found. Here we present and test them. When the KdV expansion parameters are zero, $\\eta^2$ is recovered from both adiabatic invariants.
A new supersymmetric classical Boussinesq equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Meng-Xia; Liu Qing-Ping; Wang Juan; Wu Ke
2008-01-01
In this paper,we obtain a supersymmetric generalization for the classical Boussinesq equation.We show that the supersymmetric equation system passes the Painlevé test and we also calculate its one- and two-soliton solutions.
Bilinear approach to the supersymmetric Gardner equation
Babalic, C. N.; Carstea, A. S.
2016-08-01
We study a supersymmetric version of the Gardner equation (both focusing and defocusing) using the superbilinear formalism. This equation is new and cannot be obtained from the supersymmetric modified Korteweg-de Vries equation with a nonzero boundary condition. We construct supersymmetric solitons and then by passing to the long-wave limit in the focusing case obtain rational nonsingular solutions. We also discuss the supersymmetric version of the defocusing equation and the dynamics of its solutions.
Soliton and similarity solutions of N=2,4 supersymmetric equations
Delisle, Laurent
2012-01-01
We produce soliton and similarity solutions of supersymmetric extensions of Burgers, Korteweg-de Vries and modified KdV equations. We give new representations of the $\\tau$-functions in Hirota bilinear formalism. Chiral superfields are used to obtain such solutions. We also introduce new solitons called virtual solitons whose nonlinear interactions produce no phase shifts.
Soliton and Similarity Solutions of Ν = 2, 4 Supersymmetric Equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Laurent Delisle
2012-08-01
Full Text Available We produce soliton and similarity solutions of supersymmetric extensions of Burgers, Korteweg–de Vries and modified KdV equations. We give new representations of the τ -functions in Hirota bilinear formalism. Chiral superfields are used to obtain such solutions. We also introduce new solitons called virtual solitons whose nonlinear interactions produce no phase shifts.
Convective Wave Breaking in the KdV Equation
Brun, Mats K
2016-01-01
The KdV equation is a model equation for waves at the surface of an inviscid incompressible fluid, and it is well known that the equation describes the evolution of unidirectional waves of small amplitude and long wavelength fairly accurately if the waves fall into the Boussinesq regime. The KdV equation allows a balance of nonlinear steepening effects and dispersive spreading which leads to the formation of steady wave profiles in the form of solitary waves and cnoidal waves. While these wave profiles are solutions of the KdV equation for any amplitude, it is shown here that there for both the solitary and the cnoidal waves, there are critical amplitudes for which the horizontal component of the particle velocity matches the phase velocity of the wave. Solitary or cnoidal solutions of the KdV equation which surpass these amplitudes feature incipient wave breaking as the particle velocity exceeds the phase velocity near the crest of the wave, and the model breaks down due to violation of the kinematic surface...
A Limit Symmetry of Modified KdV Equation and Its Applications
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Jian-Bing; JI Jie; SHEN Qing; ZHANG Da-Jun
2011-01-01
In this letter we consider a limit symmetry of the modified KdV equation and its application. The similarity reduction leads to limit solutions of the modified KdV equation. Besides, a modified KdV equation with new self-consistent sources is obtained and its solutions are derived.PACS numbers: 02.30.Ik, 05.45.Yv
Homotopy analysis method for solving KdV equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hossein Jafari
2010-06-01
Full Text Available A scheme is developed for the numerical study of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV and the Korteweg-de Vries Burgers (KdVB equations with initial conditions by a homotopy approach. Numerical solutions obtained by homotopy analysis method are compared with exact solution. The comparison shows that the obtained solutions are in excellent agreement.
Stability of solitonic solutions of Super KdV equations under Susy breaking conditions
Restuccia, A
2012-01-01
A supersymmetric breaking procedure for N=1 Super KdV, preserving the positivity of the hamiltonian as well as the existence of solitonic solutions, is implemented. The resulting integrable system is shown to have nice stability properties.
Operator splitting for the KdV equation
Holden, Helge; Risebro, Nils Henrik; Tao, Terence
2009-01-01
We provide a new analytical approach to operator splitting for equations of the type $u_t=Au+B(u)$ where $A$ is a linear operator and $B$ is quadratic. A particular example is the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation $u_t-u u_x+u_{xxx}=0$. We show that the Godunov and Strang splitting methods converge with the expected rates if the initial data are sufficiently regular.
A Direct Linearization Method of the Non-Isospectral KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Song-Lin; ZHANG Da-Jun; CHEN Deng-Yuan
2011-01-01
Direct linearization method is used to solve the non-isospectral KdV equation. The corresponding singular linear integral equation and the time dependence of measure in the singular linear integral equation are proposed. Furthermore, the solutions to the non-isospectral modified KdV equation are also derived by using the singular h'near integral equation of the non-isospectral KdV equation.%@@ Direct linearization method is used to solve the non-isospectral KdV equation.The corresponding singular linear integral equation and the time dependence of measure in the singular linear integral equation are proposed.Furthermore, the solutions to the non-isospectral modified KdV equation are also derived by using the singular linear integral equation of the non-isospectral KdV equation.
Classification of Dark Modified KdV Equation
Xiong, Na; Lou, Sen-Yue; Li, Biao; Chen, Yong
2017-07-01
The dark Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) systems are defined and classified by Kupershmidt sixteen years ago. However, there is no other classifications for other kinds of nonlinear systems. In this paper, a complete scalar classification for dark modified KdV (MKdV) systems is obtained by requiring the existence of higher order differential polynomial symmetries. Different to the nine classes of the dark KdV case, there exist twelve independent classes of the dark MKdV equations. Furthermore, for the every class of dark MKdV system, there is a free parameter. Only for a fixed parameter, the dark MKdV can be related to dark KdV via suitable Miura transformation. The recursion operators of two classes of dark MKdV systems are also given. Supported by the Global Change Research Program of China under Grant No. 2015Cb953904, National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 11675054, 11435005, 11175092, and 11205092 and Shanghai Knowledge Service Platform for Trustworthy Internet of Things (No. ZF1213) and K. C. Wong Magna Fund in Ningbo University
Bifurcation and Solitary Waves of the Combined KdV and KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HUA Cun-Cai; LIU Yan-Zhu
2002-01-01
Bifurcation, bistability and solitary waves of the combined KdV and mKdV equation are investigatedsystematically. At first, bifurcation and bistability are analyzed by selecting an integral constant as the bifurcationparameter. Then, different conditions expressed in terms of the bifurcation parameter are obtained for the existence ofbreather-like, algebraic, pulse-like solitary waves, and shock waves. All types of the solitary wave and shock wave solutionsare given by direct integration. Finally, an approximate analytic method by employing the interpolation polynomials iscomplete and the theoretical methods are the simplest hitherto.
Exact Solutions for the Modified KdV and the Generalized KdV Equations via Exp-Function Method
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. Manafian Heris
2010-06-01
Full Text Available An application of the Exp-function method (EFM to search for exact solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations is analyzed. This method is used for the modified KdV equation and the generalized KdV equation. The EFM was used to construct periodic wave and solitary wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations (NLEEs. This method is developed for searching exact travelling wave solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations. It is shown that the Exp-function method, with the help of symbolic computation, provides a straightforward and powerful mathematical tool for solving nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics and applied mathematics.
On a generalized fifth order KdV equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kaya, Dogan; El-Sayed, Salah M
2003-04-07
In this Letter, we dealt with finding the solutions of a generalized fifth order KdV equation (for short, gfKdV) by using the Adomian decomposition method (for short, ADM). We prove the convergence of ADM applied to the gfKdV equation. Then we obtain the exact solitary-wave solutions and numerical solutions of the gfKdV equation for the initial conditions. The numerical solutions are compared with the known analytical solutions. Their remarkable accuracy are finally demonstrated for the gfKdV equation.
Finite Element Method for Stochastic Extended KdV Equations
Karczewska, Anna; Rozmej, Piotr; Boguniewicz, Bartosz
2016-01-01
The finite element method is applied to obtain numerical solutions to the recently derived nonlinear equation for shallow water wave problem for several cases of bottom shapes. Results for time evolution of KdV solitons and cnoidal waves under stochastic forces are presented. Though small effects originating from second order dynamics may be obscured by stochastic forces, the main waves, both cnoidal and solitary ones, remain very robust against any distortions.
Finite element method for extended KdV equations
Karczewska, Anna; Szczeciński, Maciej; Boguniewicz, Bartosz
2016-01-01
The finite element method (FEM) is applied to obtain numerical solutions to a recently derived nonlinear equation for the shallow water wave problem. A weak formulation and the Petrov-Galerkin method are used. It is shown that the FEM gives a reasonable description of the wave dynamics of soliton waves governed by extended KdV equations. Some new results for several cases of bottom shapes are presented. The numerical scheme presented here is suitable for taking into account stochastic effects, which will be discussed in a subsequent paper.
A correction on two dimensional KdV equation with topography
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XU Zhaoting; Efim PELINOVSKY; SHEN Guojin; Tapiana TALIPOVA
2004-01-01
The correction on the 2D KdV equation derived by Djordjevic and Redekopp is presented. A lapsus calami in the 2D KdV equation is removed by means of the conservation principle of the energy flux in a wave ray tube. The results show that the coefficient of the third term in the inhomogeneous term of 2D KdV equation in the paper of Djordjevic and Redekopp is 2, instead of 3.
Conserved quantities and generalized solutions of the ultradiscrete KdV equation
Kanki, Masataka; Tokihiro, Tetsuji
2010-01-01
We construct generalized solutions to the ultradiscrete KdV equation, including the so-called negative solition solutions. The method is based on the ultradiscretization of soliton solutions to the discrete KdV equation with gauge transformation. The conserved quantities of the ultradiscrete KdV equation are shown to be constructed in a similar way to those for the box-ball system.
Conserved quantities and generalized solutions of the ultradiscrete KdV equation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kanki, Masataka; Tokihiro, Tetsuji [Graduate school of Mathematical Sciences, University of Tokyo, 3-8-1 Komaba, Tokyo 153-8914 (Japan); Mada, Jun, E-mail: kanki@ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp [College of Industrial Technology, Nihon University, 2-11-1 Shin-ei, Narashino, Chiba 275-8576 (Japan)
2011-04-08
We construct generalized solutions to the ultradiscrete KdV equation, including the so-called negative solition solutions. The method is based on the ultradiscretization of soliton solutions to the discrete KdV equation with gauge transformation. The conserved quantities of the ultradiscrete KdV equation are shown to be constructed in a similar way to those for the box-ball system.
An application of the decomposition method for the generalized KdV and RLW equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kaya, Dogan E-mail: dkaya@firat.edu.tr; El-Sayed, Salah M. E-mail: ms4elsayed@yahoo.com
2003-08-01
We consider solitary-wave solutions of the generalized regularized long-wave (RLW) and Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equations. We prove the convergence of Adomian decomposition method applied to the generalized RLW and KdV equations. Then we obtain the exact solitary-wave solutions and numerical solutions of the generalized RLW and KdV equations for the initial conditions. The numerical solutions are compared with the known analytical solutions. Their remarkable accuracy are finally demonstrated for the generalized RLW and KdV equations.
An application of the decomposition method for the generalized KdV and RLW equations
Kaya, D
2003-01-01
We consider solitary-wave solutions of the generalized regularized long-wave (RLW) and Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equations. We prove the convergence of Adomian decomposition method applied to the generalized RLW and KdV equations. Then we obtain the exact solitary-wave solutions and numerical solutions of the generalized RLW and KdV equations for the initial conditions. The numerical solutions are compared with the known analytical solutions. Their remarkable accuracy are finally demonstrated for the generalized RLW and KdV equations.
Deformation and recursion for the $N = 2 \\; \\alpha = 1$ supersymmetric KdV hierarchy
Sorin, A.S.; Kersten, P.H.M.
2002-01-01
A detailed description is given for the construction of the deformation of the $N=2$ supersymmetric $\\alpha=1$ KdV-equation, leading to the recursion operator for symmetries and the zero-th Hamiltonian structure; the solution to a longstanding problem.
(2+1)-dimensional supersymmetric integrable equations
Yan, Zhao-Wen; Tala; Chen, Fang; Liu, Tao-Ran; Han, Jing-Min
2017-09-01
By means of two different approaches, we construct the (2+1)-dimensional supersymmetric integrable equations based on the super Lie algebra osp(3/2). We relax the constraint condition of homogenous space of super Lie algebra osp(3/2) in the first approach. In another one, the technique of extending the dimension of the systems is used. Furthermore for the (2 + 1)-dimensional supersymmetric integrable equations, we also derive their Bäcklund transformations.
Multi-indexed Extensions of Soliton Potential and Extended Integer Solitons of KdV Equation
Ho, Choon-Lin
2014-01-01
We discover new infinite set of initial profiles of KdV solitons, which are both exactly solvable for the Schrodinger equation and for the Gel'fand-Levitan-Marchenko equation in the inverse scattering transform method of KdV equation. These new solutions are based on the multi-indexed extensions of the reflectionless soliton potential.
EXACT SOLUTIONS FOR GENERAL VARIABLE-COEFFICIENT KdV EQUATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LiuXiqiang; JiangSong
2001-01-01
By asing the nonclassical method of symmetry reductions, the exact solutions for general variable-coefficient KdV equation with dissipative loss and nonuniformity terms are obtained. When the dissipative loss and nonuniformity terms don't exist, the multisoliton solutions are found and the corresponding Painleve II type equation for the variable-coefficient KdV equation is given.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Taogetusang; Sirendaoerji
2006-01-01
By use of an auxiliary equation and through a function transformation, the Jacobi elliptic function wave-like solutions, the degenerated soliton-like solutions and the triangle function wave solutions to two kinds of Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equations with variable coefficients and a KdV equation with a forcible term are constructed with the help of symbolic computation system Mathematica, where the new solutions are also constructed.
The Linear KdV Equation with an Interface
Deconinck, Bernard; Sheils, Natalie E.; Smith, David A.
2016-10-01
The interface problem for the linear Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation in one-dimensional piecewise homogeneous domains is examined by constructing an explicit solution in each domain. The location of the interface is known and a number of compatibility conditions at the boundary are imposed. We provide an explicit characterization of sufficient interface conditions for the construction of a solution using Fokas's Unified Transform Method. The problem and the method considered here extend that of earlier papers to problems with more than two spatial derivatives.
Numerical Complexiton Solutions of Complex KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
AN Hong-Li; LI Yong-Zhi; CHEN Yong
2008-01-01
In this paper,we directly extend the applications of the Adomian decomposition method to investigate the complex KdV equation.By choosing different forms of wave functions as the initial values,three new types of realistic numerical solutions:numerical positon,negaton solution,and paxticulaxly the numerical analytical complexiton solution are obtained,which can rapidly converge to the exact ones obtained by Lou et al.Numerical simulation figures are used to illustrate the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method.
On complexly coupled modified KdV equations
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Amitava Choudhuri
2010-10-01
We introduced complexly coupled modified KdV (ccmKdV) equations, which could be derived from a two-layer fluid model [Yang and Mao, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1527 (2008); Hu, J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 43, 185207 (2009)], and used the Miura transformation to construct expressions for their alternative Lax pair representations. We derived a Lagrangian-based approach to study the Hamiltonian structures of the ccmKdV equations and observed that the complexly coupled mKdV equations have an additional analytic structure. The coupled equations were characterized by two alternative Lagrangians not connected by a gauge term. We examined how the alternative Lagrangian descriptions of the system affect the bi-Hamiltonian structures.
Two Types of New Solutions to KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GUO Fu-Kui; ZHANG Yu-Feng
2006-01-01
It is common knowledge that the soliton solutions u(x, t) defined by the bell-shape form is required to satisfy the following condition lim u(x,t) = u(±∞,t) = 0. However, we think that the above condition can be modified as x →∞lim u(x, t) = u(±∞, t) = c, where c is a constant, which is called as a stationary height of u(x, t) in the present paper.x →∞If u(x, t) is a bell-shape solitary solution, then the stationary height of each solitary wave is just c. Under the constraint c = 0, all the solitary waves coming from the N-bell-shape-soliton solutions of the KdV equation are the same-oriented travelling. A new type of N-soliton solution with the bell shape is obtained in the paper, whose stationary height is an arbitrary constant c. Taking c ≥ 0, the resulting solitary wave is bound to be the same-oriented travelling. Otherwise,the resulting solitary wave may travel at the same orientation, and also at the opposite orientation. In addition, another type of singular rational travelling solution to the KdV equation is worked out.
Novel Wronskian Solutions of the KdV Equation%KdV方程的新Wronskian解
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘金; 邓淑芳
2003-01-01
The novel Wronskian solutions of the KdV equation were obtained as limits of the soliton solutions in the Wronskian form.These solutions were verified by direct substitution to satisfy the bilinear derivative form of the KdV equation and its Backlund trans-formation.
Tian, Kai; Liu, Q. P.
2012-07-01
A new N=1 supersymmetric Harry Dym equation is constructed by applying supersymmetric reciprocal transformation to a trivial supersymmetric Harry Dym equation, and its recursion operator and Lax formulation are also obtained. Within the framework of symmetry approach, a class of 3rd order supersymmetric equations of Harry Dym type are considered. In addition to five known integrable equations, a new supersymmetric equation, admitting 5th order generalized symmetry, is shown to be linearizable through supersymmetric reciprocal transformation. Furthermore, its Lax representation and recursion operator are given so that the integrability of this new equation is confirmed.
Complex and singular solutions of KdV and MKdV equations
Buti, B.; Rao, N. N.; Khadkikar, S. B.
1986-01-01
The Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) and the modified Korteweg-de Vries (MKdV) equations are shown to have, besides the regular real solutions, exact regular complex as well as singular solutions. The singular solution for the KdV is real but for the MKdV it is pure imaginary. Implications of the complex solutions are discussed.
A New Homotopy Analysis Method for Approximating the Analytic Solution of KdV Equation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vahid Barati
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In this study a new technique of the Homotopy Analysis Method (nHAM is applied to obtain an approximate analytic solution of the well-known Korteweg-de Vries (KdV equation. This method removes the extra terms and decreases the time taken in the original HAM by converting the KdV equation to a system of first order differential equations. The resulted nHAM solution at third order approximation is then compared with that of the exact soliton solution of the KdV equation and found to be in excellent agreement.
KdV Equation with Self-consistent Sources in Non-uniform Media
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HAO Hong-Hai; WANG Guang-Sheng; ZHANG Da-Jun
2009-01-01
Two non-isospectral KdV equations with self-consistent sources are derived. Gauge transformation between the first non-isospectral KdV equation with self-consistent sources (corresponding to λt=-2aλ) and its isospectral counterpart is given, from which exact solutions for the first non-isospectral KdV equation with self-consistent sources is easily listed. Besides, the soliton solutions for the two equations are obtained by means of Hirota's method and Wronskian technique, respectively. Meanwhile, the dynamical properties for these solutions are investigated.
Two-component coupled KdV equations and its connection with the generalized Harry Dym equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Popowicz, Ziemowit, E-mail: ziemek@ift.uni.wroc.pl [Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Wrocław, Wrocław pl. M. Borna 9, 50-205 Wrocław (Poland)
2014-01-15
It is shown that three different Lax operators in the Dym hierarchy produce three generalized coupled Harry Dym equations. These equations transform, via the reciprocal link, to the coupled two-component Korteweg de Vries (KdV) system. The first equation gives us known integrable two-component KdV system, while the second reduces to the known symmetrical two-component KdV equation. The last one reduces to the Drienfeld-Sokolov equation. This approach gives us new Lax representation for these equations.
Two-component coupled KdV equations and its connection with the generalized Harry Dym equations
Popowicz, Ziemowit
2014-01-01
It is shown that three different Lax operators in the Dym hierarchy produce three generalized coupled Harry Dym equations. These equations transform, via the reciprocal link, to the coupled two-component Korteweg de Vries (KdV) system. The first equation gives us known integrable two-component KdV system, while the second reduces to the known symmetrical two-component KdV equation. The last one reduces to the Drienfeld-Sokolov equation. This approach gives us new Lax representation for these equations.
Darboux transformation of generalized coupled KdV soliton equation and its odd-soliton solutions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Ping
2008-01-01
Based on the resulting Lax pairs of the generalized coupled KdV soliton equation,a new Darboux transformation with multi-parameters for the generalized coupled KdV soliton equation is derived with the help of a gauge transformation of the spectral problem.By using Darboux transformation,the generalized odd-soliton solutions of the generalized coupled KdV soliton equation are given and presented in determinant form.As an application,the first two cases are given.
Exact Traveling Wave Solutions for Wick-Type Stochastic Schamel KdV Equation
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Hossam A. Ghany
2014-01-01
Full Text Available F-expansion method is proposed to seek exact solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations. By means of Hermite transform, inverse Hermite transform, and white noise analysis, the variable coefficients and Wick-type stochastic Schamel KdV equations are completely described. Abundant exact traveling wave solutions for variable coefficients Schamel KdV equations are given. These solutions include exact stochastic Jacobi elliptic functions, trigonometric functions, and hyperbolic functions solutions.
Well and ill-posed problems for the KdV and Kawahara equations
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Nikolai A. Larkin
2008-11-01
Full Text Available Well and ill-posedness of initial-boundary value problems for the KdV and Kawahara equations posed on a finite interval are discussed. Non-existence of solutions to ill-posed problem for the KdV equation is proved as well as solvability, uniqueness, exponential decay and asymptotics of regular solutions to the Kawahara equation subject to reasonable boundary conditions.
Ayhan, Burcu; Özer, M. Naci; Bekir, Ahmet
2016-08-01
In this article, we applied the method of multiple scales for Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) type equations and we derived nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) type equations. So we get a relation between KdV type equations and NLS type equations. In addition, exact solutions were found for KdV type equations. The ( G'} over G )-expansion methods and the ( {G'} over G, {1 over G}} )-expansion methods were proposed to establish new exact solutions for KdV type differential equations. We obtained periodic and hyperbolic function solutions for these equations. These methods are very effective for getting travelling wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations (NEEs).
Adomian Decomposition Method and Exact Solutions of the Perturbed KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WU Bin; LOU Sen-Yue
2002-01-01
The Adomian decomposition method is used to solve the Cauchy problem of the perturbed KdV equation.Three types of exact solitary wave solutions are reobtained via the A domian's approach by selecting the initial conditionsappropriately.
Adomian Decomposition Method and Exact Solutions of the Perturbed KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WuBin; LOUSen－Yue
2002-01-01
The Adomian decomposition method is used to solve the Cauchy problem of the perturbed KdV equation.Three types of exact solitary wave solutions are reobtained via the Adomian's approach by selcting the initial conditions appropriately.
The novel multi-solitary wave solution to the fifth-order KdV equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Yi; Chen Deng-Yuan
2004-01-01
By using Hirota's method, the novel multi-solitary wave solutions to the fifth-order KdV equation are obtained.Furthermore, various new solitary wave solutions are also derived by a reconstructed bilinear Backlund transformation.
PARAMETER REGION FOR EXISTENCE OF SOLITONS IN GENERALIZED KdV EQUATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ShengPingxing
2003-01-01
This paper considers the generalized KdV equation with or without natural boundary conditions and provides a parameter region for solitons and solitary waves,and also modifies a result of Zabusky's.The solitary bifurcation has been discussed.
Time-Fractional KdV Equation for the plasma in auroral zone using Variational Methods
El-Wakil, El-Said A; Elshewy, Emad K; Mahmoud, Aber A
2010-01-01
The reductive perturbation method has been employed to derive the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation for small but finite amplitude electrostatic waves. The Lagrangian of the time fractional KdV equation is used in similar form to the Lagrangian of the regular KdV equation. The variation of the functional of this Lagrangian leads to the Euler-Lagrange equation that leads to the time fractional KdV equation. The Riemann-Liouvulle definition of the fractional derivative is used to describe the time fractional operator in the fractional KdV equation. The variational-iteration method given by He is used to solve the derived time fractional KdV equation. The calculations of the solution with initial condition A0*sech(cx)^2 are carried out. Numerical studies have been made using plasma parameters close to those values corresponding to the dayside auroral zone. The effects of the time fractional parameter on the electrostatic solitary structures are presented.
Darboux Transformation for a Four-Component KdV Equation
Li, Nian-Hua; Wu, Li-Hua
2016-10-01
With the aid of a gauge transformation, we propose a Darboux transformation for a four-component KdV equation. As an application, we obtain some explicit solutions for the four-component KdV equation. Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 11401572, 11401230, and 11505064 and Promotion Program for Young and Middle-aged Teacher in Science and Technology Research of Huaqiao University under Grant No. ZQN-PY301
Existence Analysis of Traveling Wave Solutions for a Generalization of KdV Equation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yao Long
2013-01-01
Full Text Available By using the bifurcation theory of dynamic system, a generalization of KdV equation was studied. According to the analysis of the phase portraits, the existence of solitary wave, cusp wave, periodic wave, periodic cusp wave, and compactons were discussed. In some parametric conditions, exact traveling wave solutions of this generalization of the KdV equation, which are different from those exact solutions in existing references, were given.
New exact solutions to the generalized KdV equation with generalized evolution
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Yongan Xie; Shengqiang Tang; Dahe Feng
2012-04-01
In this paper, by using a transformation and an application of Fan subequation, we study a class of generalized Korteweg–de Vries (KdV) equation with generalized evolution. As a result, more types of exact solutions to the generalized KdV equation with generalized evolution are obtained, which include more general single-hump solitons, multihump solitons, kink solutions and Jacobian elliptic function solutions with double periods.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhou, Ruguang, E-mail: zhouruguang@jsnu.edu.cn
2014-05-01
A hierarchy of super KdV equations is derived from sl(2|1) supermatrix-valued spectral problem. Each equation in the hierarchy is shown to be bi-super-Hamiltonian. Moreover, a Darboux transformation of the hierarchy is constructed. As the compatibility condition of a pair of the Darboux transformations, we obtain a super lattice potential KdV (lpKdV) equation with two discrete variables.
The extended auxiliary equation method for the KdV equation with variable coefficients
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Shi Lan-Fang; Chen Cai-Sheng; Zhou Xian-Chun
2011-01-01
This paper applies an extended auxiliary equation method to obtain exact solutions of the KdV equation with variable coefficients.As a result,solitary wave solutions,trigonometric function solutions,rational function solutions,Jacobi elliptic doubly periodic wave solutions,and nonsymmetrical kink solution are obtained.It is shown that the extended auxiliary equation method,with the help of a computer symbolic computation system,is reliable and effective in finding exact solutions of variable coefficient nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics.
Lie symmetry analysis and explicit solutions of the time fractional fifth-order KdV equation.
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Gang Wei Wang
Full Text Available In this paper, using the Lie group analysis method, we study the invariance properties of the time fractional fifth-order KdV equation. A systematic research to derive Lie point symmetries to time fractional fifth-order KdV equation is performed. In the sense of point symmetry, all of the vector fields and the symmetry reductions of the fractional fifth-order KdV equation are obtained. At last, by virtue of the sub-equation method, some exact solutions to the fractional fifth-order KdV equation are provided.
Lie symmetry analysis and explicit solutions of the time fractional fifth-order KdV equation.
Wang, Gang Wei; Xu, Tian Zhou; Feng, Tao
2014-01-01
In this paper, using the Lie group analysis method, we study the invariance properties of the time fractional fifth-order KdV equation. A systematic research to derive Lie point symmetries to time fractional fifth-order KdV equation is performed. In the sense of point symmetry, all of the vector fields and the symmetry reductions of the fractional fifth-order KdV equation are obtained. At last, by virtue of the sub-equation method, some exact solutions to the fractional fifth-order KdV equation are provided.
Multisoliton Solutions of the (2+1)-Dimensional KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Jie-Fang; HUANG Wen-Hua
2001-01-01
Using the extension homogeneous balance method,we have obtained some new special types of soliton solutions of the (2+1)-dimensional KdV equation.Starting from the homogeneous balance method,one can obtain a nonlinear transformation to simple (2+1)-dimensional KdV equation into a linear partial differential equation and two bilinear partial differential equations.Usually,one can obtain only a kind of soliton-like solutions.In this letter,we find further some special types of the multisoliton solutions from the linear and bilinear partial differential equations.``
Integrable quartic potentials and coupled KdV equations
Baker, S; Fordy, A P; Enolskii, V Z; Fordy, A P
1995-01-01
We show a surprising connection between known integrable Hamiltonian systems with quartic potential and the stationary flows of some coupled KdV systems related to fourth order Lax operators. In particular, we present a connection between the Hirota-Satsuma coupled KdV system and (a generalisation of) the 1:6:1 integrable case quartic potential. A generalisation of the 1:6:8 case is similarly related to a different (but gauge related) fourth order Lax operator. We exploit this connection to derive a Lax representation for each of these integrable systems. In this context a canonical transformation is derived through a gauge transformation.
A Difference Scheme for the Coupled KdV Equation 14
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ShaohongZHU
1999-01-01
In this paper,a difference scheme for the periodic initial-boundary problem of the coupled KdV equation is given.The scheme keeps the first two conserved quantities which the differential equation possesses.The catch-ran iterative method is used to solve the difference equations.The numerical simulation exhibits the existence of two-soliton solutions.
Note on Nonlinear Schr\\"odinger Equation, KdV Equation and 2D Topological Yang-Mills-Higgs Theory
Nian, Jun
2016-01-01
In this paper we discuss the relation between the (1+1)D nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation and the KdV equation. By applying the boson/vortex duality, we can map the classical nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation into the classical KdV equation in the small coupling limit, which corresponds to the UV regime of the theory. At quantum level, the two theories satisfy the Bethe Ansatz equations of the spin-$\\frac{1}{2}$ XXX chain and the XXZ chain in the continuous limit respectively. Combining these relations with the dualities discussed previously in the literature, we propose a duality web in the UV regime among the nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation, the KdV equation and the 2D $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)^*$ topological Yang-Mills-Higgs theory.
Multi-symplectic method for generalized fifth-order KdV equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hu Wei-Peng; Deng Zi-Chen
2008-01-01
This paper considers the multi-symplectic formulations of the generalized fifth-order KdV equation in Hamiltonian space.Recurring to the midpoint rule,it presents an implicit multi-symplectic scheme with discrete multi-symplectic conservation law to solve the partial differential equations which are derived from the generalized fifth-order KdV equation numerically.The results of the numerical experiments show that this multi-symplectie algorithm is good in accuracy and its long-time numerical behaviour is also perfect.
A New Multi-Symplectic Scheme for the KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LV Zhong-Quan; XUE Mei; WANG Yu-Shun
2011-01-01
We propose a new multi-symplectic integrating scheme for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation. The new scheme is derived by concatenating spatial discretization of the multi-symplectic Fourier pseudospectral method with temporal discretization of the symplectic Euler scheme. The new scheme is explicit in the sense that it does not need to solve nonlinear algebraic equations. It is verified that the multi-symplectic semi-discretization of the KdV equation under periodic boundary conditions has N semi-discrete multi-symplectic conservation laws. We also prove that the full-discrete scheme has N full-discrete multi-symplectic conservation laws. Numerical experiments of the new scheme on the KdV equation are made to demonstrate the stability and other merits for long-time integration.%@@ We propose a new multi-symplectic integrating scheme for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation.The new scheme is derived by concatenating spatial discretization of the multi-symplectic Fourier pseudospectral method with temporal discretization of the symplectic Euler scheme.The new scheme is explicit in the sense that it does not need to solve nonlinear algebraic equations.It is verified that the multi-symplectic semi-discretization of the KdV equation under periodic boundary conditions has N semi-discrete multi-symplectic conservation laws.We also prove that the full-discrete scheme has N full-discrete multi-symplectic conservation laws.Numerical experiments of the new scheme on the KdV equation are made to demonstrate the stability and other merits for long-time integration.
Self-similar solutions for some nonlinear evolution equations: KdV, mKdV and Burgers equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S.A. El-Wakil
2016-02-01
Full Text Available A method for solving three types of nonlinear evolution equations namely KdV, modified KdV and Burgers equations, with self-similar solutions is presented. The method employs ideas from symmetry reduction to space and time variables and similarity reductions for nonlinear evolution equations are performed. The obtained self-similar solutions of KdV and mKdV equations are related to Bessel and Airy functions whereas those of Burgers equation are related to the error and Hermite functions. These solutions appear as new types of solitary, shock and periodic waves. Also, the method can be applied to other nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics.
Capillary Gravity Waves over an Obstruction - Forced Generalized KdV equation
Choi, Jeongwhan; Whang, S. I.; Sun, Shu-Ming
2013-11-01
Capillary gravity surface waves of an ideal fluid flow over an obstruction is considered. When the Bond number is near the critical value 1/3, a forced generalized KdV equation of fifth order is derived. We study the equation analytically and numerically. Existence and stability of solutions are studied and new types of numerical solutions are found.
The fractional coupled KdV equations: Exact solutions and white noise functional approach
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hossam A.Ghany; A.S.Okb El Bab; A.M.Zabel; Abd-Allah Hyder
2013-01-01
Variable coefficients and Wick-type stochastic fractional coupled KdV equations are investigated.By using the modified fractional sub-equation method,Hermite transform,and white noise theory the exact travelling wave solutions and white noise functional solutions are obtained,including the generalized exponential,hyperbolic,and trigonometric types.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics and Painleve equations
Bermudez, David
2013-01-01
In these lecture notes we shall study first the supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM), specially when applied to the harmonic and radial oscillators. In addition, we will define the polynomial Heisenberg algebras (PHA), and we will study the general systems ruled by them: for zero and first order we obtain the harmonic and radial oscillators, respectively; for second and third order PHA the potential is determined by solutions to Painleve IV (PIV) and Painleve V (PV) equations. Taking advantage of this connection, later on we will find solutions to PIV and PV equations expressed in terms of confluent hypergeometric functions. Furthermore, we will classify them into several solution hierarchies, according to the specific special functions they are connected with.
The soliton Kdv equation and its solution%孤立子Kdv方程及其解
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
司瑞芳
2012-01-01
通过对孤立子浅水波Kdv方程应用行波法、截断法、广田法等几种解法进行求解,比较了在各种解法下Kdv方程解的异同,同时对各种解法进行了比较。%The article solves the solutions of soliton shallow water wave Kdv equation by traveling wave method,truncation method and Hirota method,and compares the similarities and differences of all these three kinds solutions and the varieties to Kdv equation.
Hamilton Systems of the Compound KdV Equation%组合KdV方程的Hamilton系统
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吕书强; 蔡春; 马青华
2014-01-01
In this article, according to Hamilton Systems of the KdV Equation, and proved Hamilton Systems of the Compound KdV Equation.%本文根据KdV方程的Hamilton系统，构造并证明了组合KdV方程的Hamilton系统。
Multiple scales analysis and travelling wave solutions for KdV type nonlinear evolution equations
Ayhan, Burcu; Ozer, M. Naci; Bekir, Ahmet
2017-01-01
Nonlinear evolution equations are the mathematical models of problems that arise in many field of science. These equations has become an important field of study in applied mathematics in recent years. We apply exact solution methods and multiple scale method which is known as a perturbation method to nonlinear evolution equations. Using exact solution methods we get travelling wave solutions expressed by hyperbolic functions, trigonometric functions and rational functions. Also we derive Nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) type equations from Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) type nonlinear evolution equations and we get approximate solutions for KdV type equations using multiple scale method. The proposed methods are direct and effective and can be used for many nonlinear evolution equations. It is shown that these methods provide a powerful mathematical tool to solve nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics.
Travelling wave solutions for the Painleve-integrable coupled KdV equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xiao-Biao Lin
2008-06-01
Full Text Available We study the travelling wave solutions for a system of coupled KdV equations derived by Lou et al [11]. In that paper, they found 5 types of Painleve integrable systems for the coupled KdV system. We show that each of them can be reduced to a partially or completely uncoupled system, through which the dynamical behavior of travelling wave solutions can be determined. In some parameter regions, exact formulas for periodic and solitary waves can be obtained while in other cases, bounded travelling wave solution are discussed.
NEW EXACT SOLUTIONS TO KdV EQUATIONS WITH VARIABLE COEFFICIENTS OR FORCING
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
付遵涛; 刘式达; 刘式适; 赵强
2004-01-01
Jacobi elliptic function expansion method is extended to construct the exact solutions to another kind of KdV equations, which have variable coefficients or forcing terms. And new periodic solutions obtained by this method can be reduced to the solitontyped solutions under the limited condition.
A Note on the Painlevé Property of Coupled KdV Equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sergei Sakovich
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We prove that one system of coupled KdV equations, claimed by Hirota et al. to pass the Painlevé test for integrability, actually fails the test at the highest resonance of the generic branch and therefore must be nonintegrable.
General mixed problems for the KdV equations on bounded intervals
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nikolai A. Larkin
2010-11-01
Full Text Available This article is concerned with initial-boundary value problems for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV equation on bounded intervals. For general linear boundary conditions and small initial data, we prove the existence and uniqueness of global regular solutions and its exponential decay, as $toinfty$.
On the Solutions of Some Boundary Value Problems for the General Kdv Equation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ignatyev, M. Yu., E-mail: mikkieram@gmail.com [Saratov State University, Department of Mathematics (Russian Federation)
2014-12-15
This paper is concerned with a class of partial differential equations, which are linear combinations, with constant coefficients, of the classical flows of the KdV hierarchy. A boundary value problem with inhomogeneous boundary conditions of a certain special form is studied. We construct some class of solutions of the problem using the inverse spectral method.
Exact Solutions for a Nonisospectral and Variable-Coefficient KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DENG Shu-Fang
2005-01-01
The bilinear form for a nonisospectral and variable-coefficient KdV equation is obtained and some exact soliton solutions are derived through Hirota method and Wronskian technique. We also derive the bilinear transformation from its Lax pairs and find solutions with the help of the obtained bilinear transformation.
EXPLICIT SOLUTIONS TO THE COUPLED KdV EQUATIONS WITH VARIABLE COEFFICIENTS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐桂琼; 李志斌
2005-01-01
By means of sn-function expansion method and cn-function expansion method,several kinds of explicit solutions to the coupled KdV equations with variable coefficients are obtained, which include three sets of periodic wave-like solutions. These solutions degenerate to solitary wave-like solutions at a certain limit. Some new solutions are presented.
New modification of Laplace decomposition method for seventh order KdV equation
Kashkari, B. S.; Bakodah, H. O.
2013-10-01
In this paper, we develop a new modification of Laplace decomposition method for solving the seventh order KdV equations. The numerical results show that the method converges rapidly and compared with the Adomian decomposition method. The conservation properties of solution are examined by calculating the first three invariants.
1-Soliton solutions of complex modified KdV equation with time-dependent coefficients
Kumar, H.; Chand, F.
2013-09-01
In this paper, we have obtained exact 1-soliton solutions of complex modified KdV equation with variable—coefficients using solitary wave ansatz. Restrictions on parameters of the soliton have been observed in course of the derivation of soliton solutions. Finally, a few numerical simulations of dark and bright solitons have been given.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JianlanHU; X.FENG; ZhiLi
2000-01-01
New exact traveling wave solutions are derived for the fifth order KdV type equations by using a delicate way of rank analysis two-step ansatz method. Solitary shallowwater waves described by the above equation are discussed.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GONG Lun-Xun; CAO Jian-Li; PAN Jun-Ting; ZHANG Hua; JIAO Wan-Tang
2008-01-01
Based on the second integrable case of known two-dimensional Hamiltonian system with a quartic potential, we propose a 4×4 matrix spectral problem and derive a hierarchy of coupled KdV equations and their Hamiltonian structures. It is shown that solutions of the coupled KdV equations in the hierarchy are reduced to solving two compatible systems of ordinary differential equations. As an application, quite a few explicit solutions of the coupled KdV equations are obtained via using separability for the second integrable case of the two-dimensional Hamiltonian system.
Higher dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics and Dirac equation
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
L P Singh; B Ram
2002-04-01
We exhibit the supersymmetric quantum mechanical structure of the full 3+1 dimensional Dirac equation considering `mass' as a function of coordinates. Its usefulness in solving potential problems is discussed with speciﬁc examples. We also discuss the `physical' signiﬁcance of the supersymmetric states in this formalism.
广义KDV方程的对称%SYMMETRIES OF GENERALIZED KDV EQUATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郑丽霞
2000-01-01
本文用Lie变换群的无穷小方法，求出了广义kdv方程的全部对称，并用特 殊的对称将其化为常微分方程.%In this paper,all symmetries of the generalized kdv equation are obtained by means of infinitesimal generator of Lie group of transformation. Ordinary differential equations are derived by use of the symmetries.
An approximate solution for a generalized Hirota-Satsom coupled (Kdv equation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
H.A. Wahab
2017-03-01
Full Text Available In this paper the Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM, is applied to find the approximate solution of Hirota-Satsuma coupled (KdV equations, which don't need a small parameter for solution. The results obtained by HAM is compared with exact solution, the results divulge that the Homotopy Analysis Method are most accurate, closed and suitable to exact solution of the equation, as compare to Homotopy Perturbation Method. It is predicated that the HAM can be found usually.
Water Wave Solutions of the Coupled System Zakharov-Kuznetsov and Generalized Coupled KdV Equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. R. Seadawy
2014-01-01
Full Text Available An analytic study was conducted on coupled partial differential equations. We formally derived new solitary wave solutions of generalized coupled system of Zakharov-Kuznetsov (ZK and KdV equations by using modified extended tanh method. The traveling wave solutions for each generalized coupled system of ZK and KdV equations are shown in form of periodic, dark, and bright solitary wave solutions. The structures of the obtained solutions are distinct and stable.
Water wave solutions of the coupled system Zakharov-Kuznetsov and generalized coupled KdV equations.
Seadawy, A R; El-Rashidy, K
2014-01-01
An analytic study was conducted on coupled partial differential equations. We formally derived new solitary wave solutions of generalized coupled system of Zakharov-Kuznetsov (ZK) and KdV equations by using modified extended tanh method. The traveling wave solutions for each generalized coupled system of ZK and KdV equations are shown in form of periodic, dark, and bright solitary wave solutions. The structures of the obtained solutions are distinct and stable.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhu Jia-Min; Zheng Chun-Long; Ma Zheng-Yi
2004-01-01
A general mapping deformation method is applied to a generalized variable coefficient KdV equation. Many new types of exact solutions, including solitary wave solutions, periodic wave solutions, Jacobian and Weierstrass doubly periodic wave solutions and other exact excitations are obtained by the use of a simple algebraic transformation relation between the generalized variable coefficient KdV equation and a generalized cubic nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation.
Extended Fan's Algebraic Method and Its Application to KdV and Variant Boussinesq Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YANG Xian-Lin; TANG Jia-Shi
2007-01-01
An extended Fan's algebraic method is used for constructing exact traveling wave solution of nonlinear partial differential equations. The key idea of this method is to introduce an auxiliary ordinary differential equation which is regarded as an extended elliptic equation and whose degree r is expanded to the case of r ＞ 4. The efficiency of the method is demonstrated by the KdV equation and the variant Boussinesq equations. The results indicate that the method not only offers all solutions obtained by using Fu's and Fan's methods, but also some new solutions.
GENERALIZED FINITE SPECTRAL METHOD FOR 1D BURGERS AND KDV EQUATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAN Jie-min; LI Yok-sheung
2006-01-01
A generalized finite spectral method is proposed. The method is of highorder accuracy. To attain high accuracy in time discretization, the fourth-order AdamsBashforth-Moulton predictor and corrector scheme was used. To avoid numerical oscillations caused by the dispersion term in the KdV equation, two numerical techniques were introduced to improve the numerical stability. The Legendre, Chebyshev and Hermite polynomials were used as the basis functions. The proposed numerical scheme is validated by applications to the Burgers equation (nonlinear convection- diffusion problem) and KdV equation(single solitary and 2-solitary wave problems), where analytical solutions are available for comparison. Numerical results agree very well with the corresponding analytical solutions in all cases.
Complex solitary waves and soliton trains in KdV and mKdV equations
Modak, Subhrajit; Singh, Akhil Pratap; Panigrahi, Prasanta Kumar
2016-06-01
We demonstrate the existence of complex solitary wave and periodic solutions of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) and modified Korteweg-de Vries (mKdV) equations. The solutions of the KdV (mKdV) equation appear in complex-conjugate pairs and are even (odd) under the simultaneous actions of parity (𝓟) and time-reversal (𝓣) operations. The corresponding localized solitons are hydrodynamic analogs of Bloch soliton in magnetic system, with asymptotically vanishing intensity. The 𝓟𝓣-odd complex soliton solution is shown to be iso-spectrally connected to the fundamental sech2 solution through supersymmetry. Physically, these complex solutions are analogous to the experimentally observed grey solitons of non-liner Schödinger equation, governing the dynamics of shallow water waves and hence may also find physical verification.
A simple method to construct soliton-like solution of the general KdV equation with external force
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JiefangZHANG; FengminWU
2000-01-01
A simple and direct method is described to construct the soliton-like solution for the general KdV equation with external force. Crucial to the method is the assumption that the solution chosen is a special truncated expansion.
Restuccia, Alvaro; Sotomayor, Adrián
2016-08-01
We present a local Bäcklund Wahlquist-Estabrook (WE) transformation for a supersymmetric Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation. As in the scalar case, such type of transformation generates infinite hierarchies of solutions and also implicitly gives the associated (local) conserved quantities. A nice property is that every of such hierarchies admits a nonlinear superposition principle, starting for an initial solution, including as a particular case the multisolitonic solutions of the system. We discuss the symmetries of the system and we present in an explicit way its local conserved quantities with the help of the associated Gardner transformation.
Primitive potentials and bounded solutions of the KdV equation
Dyachenko, S.; Zakharov, D.; Zakharov, V.
2016-10-01
We construct a broad class of bounded potentials of the one-dimensional Schrödinger operator that have the same spectral structure as periodic finite-gap potentials, but that are neither periodic nor quasi-periodic. Such potentials, which we call primitive, are non-uniquely parametrized by a pair of positive Hölder continuous functions defined on the allowed bands. Primitive potentials are constructed as solutions of a system of singular integral equations, which can be efficiently solved numerically. Simulations show that these potentials can have a disordered structure. Primitive potentials generate a broad class of bounded non-vanishing solutions of the KdV hierarchy, and we interpret them as an example of integrable turbulence in the framework of the KdV equation.
A numerical dressing method for the nonlinear superposition of solutions of the KdV equation
Trogdon, Thomas; Deconinck, Bernard
2014-01-01
In this paper we present the unification of two existing numerical methods for the construction of solutions of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation. The first method is used to solve the Cauchy initial-value problem on the line for rapidly decaying initial data. The second method is used to compute finite-genus solutions of the KdV equation. The combination of these numerical methods allows for the computation of exact solutions that are asymptotically (quasi-)periodic finite-gap solutions and are a nonlinear superposition of dispersive, soliton and (quasi-)periodic solutions in the finite (x, t)-plane. Such solutions are referred to as superposition solutions. We compute these solutions accurately for all values of x and t.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hafiz Abdul Wahab
2014-03-01
Full Text Available In this article the Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM and Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM are applied to obtain analytic approximate solution to three system of nonlinear wave equations, namely two component evolutionary system of a homogeneous KdV Equations of order three (system-I as well as (system-II and the generalized coupled Hirota Satsuma KdV (System-III.
A Discrete Lax-Integrable Coupled System Related to Coupled KdV and Coupled mKdV Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Ping; JIA Ma; LOU Sen-Yue
2007-01-01
A modified Korteweg-de Vries (mKdV) lattice is found to be also a discrete Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation.A discrete coupled system is derived from the single lattice equation and its Lax pair is proposed. The coupled system is shown to be related to the coupled KdV and coupled mKdV systems which are widely used in physics.
Lagrangian Approach to Dispersionless KdV Hierarchy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Amitava Choudhuri
2007-09-01
Full Text Available We derive a Lagrangian based approach to study the compatible Hamiltonian structure of the dispersionless KdV and supersymmetric KdV hierarchies and claim that our treatment of the problem serves as a very useful supplement of the so-called r-matrix method. We suggest specific ways to construct results for conserved densities and Hamiltonian operators. The Lagrangian formulation, via Noether's theorem, provides a method to make the relation between symmetries and conserved quantities more precise. We have exploited this fact to study the variational symmetries of the dispersionless KdV equation.
Yang, Yun-Qing; Wang, Yun-Hu; Li, Xin; Cheng, Xue-Ping
2014-03-01
We extend the method of constructing Bäcklund transformations for integrable equations through Riccati equations to the nonisospectral and the variable-coefficient equations. By taking nonisospectral and generalized variable-coefficient Korteweg—de Vries (KdV) equations as examples, their Bäcklund transformations are obtained under a more generalized constrain condition. In addition, the Lax pairs and infinite numbers of conservation laws of these equations are given. Especially, some classical equations such as the cylindrical KdV equation are just the special cases of the constrain condition.
Recursion Operator and Local and Nonlocal Symmetries of a New Modified KdV Equation
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Qian Suping
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The recursion operator of a new modified KdV equation and its inverse are explicitly given. Acting the recursion operator and its inverse on the trivial symmetry 0 related to the identity transformation, the infinitely many local and nonlocal symmetries are obtained. Using a closed finite dimensional symmetry algebra with both local and nonlocal symmetries of the original model, some symmetry reductions and exact solutions are found.
Travelling wave solutions for a second order wave equation of KdV type
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
The theory of planar dynamical systems is used to study the dynamical behaviours of travelling wave solutions of a nonlinear wave equations of KdV type. In different regions of the parametric space, sufficient conditions to guarantee the existence of solitary wave solutions, periodic wave solutions, kink and anti-kink wave solutions are given. All possible exact explicit parametric representations are obtained for these waves.
The Exact Traveling Wave Solutions to Two Integrable KdV6 Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jibin LI; Yi ZHANG
2012-01-01
The exact explicit traveling solutions to the two completely integrable sixthorder nonlinear equations KdV6 are given by using the method of dynamical systems and Cosgrove's work.It is proved that these traveling wave solutions correspond to some orbits in the 4-dimensional phase space of two 4-dimensional dynamical systems.These orbits lie in the intersection of two level sets defined by two first integrals.
A Novel Method for Solving KdV Equation Based on Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space Method
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mustafa Inc
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We propose a reproducing kernel method for solving the KdV equation with initial condition based on the reproducing kernel theory. The exact solution is represented in the form of series in the reproducing kernel Hilbert space. Some numerical examples have also been studied to demonstrate the accuracy of the present method. Results of numerical examples show that the presented method is effective.
A non-standard Lax formulation of the Harry Dym hierarchy and its supersymmetric extension
Tian, Kai; Popowicz, Ziemowit; Liu, Q. P.
2012-03-01
For the Harry Dym hierarchy, a non-standard Lax formulation is deduced from that of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation through a reciprocal transformation. By supersymmetrizing this Lax operator, a new N = 2 supersymmetric extension of the Harry Dym hierarchy is constructed, and is further shown to be linked to one of the N = 2 supersymmetric KdV equations through the superconformal transformation. The bosonic limit of this new N = 2 supersymmetric Harry Dym equation is related to a coupled system of KdV-MKdV equations.
Modulating functions method for parameters estimation in the fifth order KdV equation
Asiri, Sharefa M.
2017-07-25
In this work, the modulating functions method is proposed for estimating coefficients in higher-order nonlinear partial differential equation which is the fifth order Kortewegde Vries (KdV) equation. The proposed method transforms the problem into a system of linear algebraic equations of the unknowns. The statistical properties of the modulating functions solution are described in this paper. In addition, guidelines for choosing the number of modulating functions, which is an important design parameter, are provided. The effectiveness and robustness of the proposed method are shown through numerical simulations in both noise-free and noisy cases.
Similarity Reductions of Nearly Concentric KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Jia; LI Biao
2009-01-01
Basing on the direct method developed by Clarkson and Kruskal, the nearly concentric Korteweg-de Vries (ncKdV) equation can be reduced to three types of (1+1)-dimensional variable coefficients partial differential equations (PDEs) and three types of variable coefficients ordinary differential equation. Furthermore, three types of (1+1)-dimensional variable coefficients PDEs are all reduced to constant coefficients PDEs by some transformations.
The transformations between N = 2 supersymmetric Korteweg-de Vries and Harry Dym equations
Tian, Kai; Liu, Q. P.
2012-05-01
The N = 2 supercomformal transformations are employed to study supersymmetric integrable systems. It is proved that two known N = 2 supersymmetric Harry Dym equations are transformed into two N = 2 supersymmetric modified Korteweg-de Vries equations, thus are connected with two N = 2 supersymmetric Korteweg-de Vries equations.
Travelling wave solutions for higher-order wave equations of kdv type (iii).
Li, Jibin; Rui, Weigou; Long, Yao; He, Bin
2006-01-01
By using the theory of planar dynamical systems to the travelling wave equation of a higher order nonlinear wave equations of KdV type, the existence of smooth solitary wave, kink wave and anti-kink wave solutions and uncountably infinite many smooth and non-smooth periodic wave solutions are proved. In different regions of the parametric space, the sufficient conditions to guarantee the existence of the above solutions are given. In some conditions, exact explicit parametric representations of these waves are obtain.
Forced KdV equation in a fluid-filled elastic tube with variable initial stretches
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Demiray, Hilmi [Department of Mathematics, Isik University, 34980 Sile-Istanbul (Turkey)], E-mail: demiray@isikun.edu.tr
2009-11-15
In this work, by utilizing the nonlinear equations of motion of an incompressible, isotropic thin elastic tube subjected to a variable initial stretches both in the axial and the radial directions and the approximate equations of motion of an incompressible inviscid fluid, which is assumed to be a model for blood, we have studied the propagation of nonlinear waves in such a medium under the assumption of long wave approximation. Employing the reductive perturbation method we obtained the variable coefficient forced KdV equation as the evolution equation. By use of proper transformations for the dependent field and independent coordinate variables, we have shown that this evolution equation reduces to the conventional KdV equation, which admits the progressive wave solution. The numerical results reveal that the wave speed is variable in the axial coordinate and it decreases for increasing circumferential stretch (or radius). Such a result seems to be plausible from physical considerations. We further observed that, the wave amplitude gets smaller and smaller with increasing time parameter along the tube axis.
On "new travelling wave solutions" of the KdV and the KdV-Burgers equations
Kudryashov, Nikolai A.
2009-01-01
The Korteweg-de Vries and the Korteweg-de Vries-Burgers equations are considered. Using the travelling wave the general solutions of these equations are presented. "New travelling wave solutions" of the KdV and the KdV-Burgers equations by Wazzan [Wazzan L Commun Nonlinear Sci Numer Simulat 2009:14:
一般变系数KdV方程的精确解%EXACT SOLUTIONS FOR GENERAL VARIABLE-COEFFICIENT KdV EQUATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
By asing the nonclassical method of symmetry reductions, the exact solutions for general variable-coefficient KdV equation with dissipative loss and nonuniformity terms are obtained. When the dissipative loss and nonuniformity terms don't exist, the multisoliton solutions are found and the corresponding Painleve II type equation for the variable-coefficient KdV equation is given.
Saha Ray, S.
2013-12-01
In this paper, the modified fractional reduced differential transform method (MFRDTM) has been proposed and it is implemented for solving fractional KdV (Korteweg-de Vries) equations. The fractional derivatives are described in the Caputo sense. In this paper, the reduced differential transform method is modified to be easily employed to solve wide kinds of nonlinear fractional differential equations. In this new approach, the nonlinear term is replaced by its Adomian polynomials. Thus the nonlinear initial-value problem can be easily solved with less computational effort. In order to show the power and effectiveness of the present modified method and to illustrate the pertinent features of the solutions, several fractional KdV equations with different types of nonlinearities are considered. The results reveal that the proposed method is very effective and simple for obtaining approximate solutions of fractional KdV equations.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李佩玲; 刘儒勋
2008-01-01
An implicit compact difference Padé scheme was improved to solve the fully nonlinear Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equations and Ito-type coupled KdV equations. Particularly, this method was applied to study the behaviors of solutions of compacton and Ito-type coupled KdV equations. Numerical results show the effectiveness of this scheme.%采用隐式紧差分Padé方法解完全非线性KdV方程和Ito型耦合KdV方程.特别地,应用这种方法研究了compacton和Ito型耦合KdV方程的解特性.数值结果证明了这种方法的效果.
Numerical solution of the KdV equation by Haar wavelet method
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Ö ORUÇ; F BULUT; A ESEN
2016-12-01
This paper aims to get numerical solutions of one-dimensional KdV equation by Haar wavelet method in which temporal variable is expanded by Taylor series and spatial variables are expanded with Haar wavelets. The performance of the proposed method is measured by four different problems. The obtained numerical results are compared with the exact solutions and numerical results produced by other methods in the literature. The comparison of the results indicate that the proposed method not only gives satisfactory results but also do not need large amount of CPU time. Error analysis of the proposed method is also investigated.
Exact periodic waves and their interactions for the (2+1)-dimensional KdV equation
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Yan-Ze Peng
2005-08-01
By means of the singular manifold method we obtain a general solution involving three arbitrary functions for the (2+1)-dimensional KdV equation. Diverse periodic wave solutions may be produced by appropriately selecting these arbitrary functions as the Jacobi elliptic functions. The interaction properties of the periodic waves are investigated numerically and found to be nonelastic. The long wave limit yields some new types of solitary wave solutions. Especially the dromion and the solitoff solutions obtained in this paper possess new types of solution structures which are quite different from the basic dromion and solitoff ones reported previously in the literature.
Compacton-like solutions for modified KdV and nonlinear Schrödinger equation with external sources
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Thokala Soloman Raju; C Nagaraja Kumar; Prasanta K Panigrahi
2014-08-01
We present new types of compacton-like solutions for modified KdV and nonlinear Schrödinger equation with external sources, using a recently developed fractional transformation. In particular, we explicate these novel compactons for the trigonometric case, and compare their properties with those of the compactons and solitons in the case of modified KdV equation. Keeping in mind the significance of nonlinear Schrödinger equation with external source, for pulse propagation through asymmetric twin-core fibres, we hope that the newly found compacton may be launched in a long-haul telecommunication network utilizing asymmetric twin-core fibres.
Active Optimal Control of the KdV Equation Using the Variational Iteration Method
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ismail Kucuk
2010-01-01
Full Text Available The optimal pointwise control of the KdV equation is investigated with an objective of minimizing a given performance measure. The performance measure is specified as a quadratic functional of the final state and velocity functions along with the energy due to open- and closed-loop controls. The minimization of the performance measure over the controls is subjected to the KdV equation with periodic boundary conditions and appropriate initial condition. In contrast to standard optimal control or variational methods, a direct control parameterization is used in this study which presents a distinct approach toward the solution of optimal control problems. The method is based on finite terms of Fourier series approximation of each time control variable with unknown Fourier coefficients and frequencies. He's variational iteration method for the nonlinear partial differential equations is applied to the problem and thus converting the optimal control of lumped parameter systems into a mathematical programming. A numerical simulation is provided to exemplify the proposed method.
Supersymmetric Langevin equation to explore free-energy landscapes.
Mossa, Alessandro; Clementi, Cecilia
2007-04-01
The recently discovered supersymmetric generalizations of the Langevin dynamics and Kramers equation can be utilized for the exploration of free-energy landscapes of systems whose large time-scale separation hampers the usefulness of standard molecular dynamics techniques. The first realistic application is here presented. The system chosen is a minimalist model for a short alanine peptide exhibiting a helix-coil transition.
A note on local smoothing effects for the unitary group associated with the KdV equation
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Xavier Carvajal
2008-04-01
Full Text Available In this note we show interesting local smoothing effects for the unitary group associated to Korteweg-de Vries type equation. Our main tools are the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev and Hausdorff-Young inequalities. Using our local smoothing effect and a dual version, we estimate the growth of the norm of solutions of the complex modified KdV equation.
Study on Double Wronskian Solutions of the KdV Equation%KdV方程的双Wronskian解研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
艾玉波
2012-01-01
The problem of double Wronskian solution is studied in this article, the modified KdV equation is solved using the double Wronskian technique, rational solution to the modified KdV equation is given with double Wronskian, and the double Wronskian determinant elements of expression are specifically solved.%在研究双Wronskian解的问题上,利用双Wronskian技巧对修正KdV方程求解,给出修正KdV方程双Wronskian形式的有理解,具体求解了双Wronskian行列式元素的表达式.
Vaneeva, O. O.; Papanicolaou, N. C.; Christou, M. A.; Sophocleous, C.
2014-09-01
The exhaustive group classification of a class of variable coefficient generalized KdV equations is presented, which completes and enhances results existing in the literature. Lie symmetries are used for solving an initial and boundary value problem for certain subclasses of the above class. Namely, the found Lie symmetries are applied in order to reduce the initial and boundary value problem for the generalized KdV equations (which are PDEs) to an initial value problem for nonlinear third-order ODEs. The latter problem is solved numerically using the finite difference method. Numerical solutions are computed and the vast parameter space is studied.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Wei-Guo; DONG Chun-Yan; FAN En-Gui
2006-01-01
In this paper, we discuss conditional stability of solitary-wave solutions in the sense of Liapunov for the generalized compound KdV equation and the generalized compound KdV-Burgers equations. Linear stability of the exact solitary-wave solutions is proved for the above two types of equations when the small disturbance of travellingwave form satisfies some special conditions.
On Solutions of the Integrable Boundary Value Problem for KdV Equation on the Semi-Axis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ignatyev, M. Yu., E-mail: ignatievmu@info.sgu.ru [Saratov State University, Department of Mathematics (Russian Federation)
2013-03-15
This paper is concerned with the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation on the semi-axis. The boundary value problem with inhomogeneous integrable boundary conditions is studied. We establish some characteristic properties of solutions of the problem. Also we construct a wide class of solutions of the problem using the inverse spectral method.
LIE SYMMETRY ANALYSIS AND PAINLEV(E) ANALYSIS OF THE NEW (2+1)-DIMENSIONAL KdV EQUATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Shen Shoufeng
2007-01-01
Lie point symmetries associated with the new (2+l)-dimensional KdV equation ut + 3uxuy + uxxy = 0 are investigated. Some similarity reductions are derived by solving the the soliton solution is obtained directly from the B(a)cklund transformation.
A Series of Exact Solutions for a New (2+1)-Dimensional Calogero KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2005-01-01
An algebraic method is proposed to solve a new (2+1)-dimensional Calogero KdV equation and explicitly construct a series of exact solutions including rational solutions, triangular solutions, exponential solution, line soliton solutions, and doubly periodic wave solutions.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Restuccia, A. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile and Departamento de Física, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Sotomayor, A. [Departamento de Matemáticas, Universidad de Antofagasta, Antofagasta (Chile)
2013-11-15
A supersymmetric breaking procedure for N= 1 super Korteweg-de Vries (KdV), using a Clifford algebra, is implemented. Dirac's method for the determination of constraints is used to obtain the Hamiltonian structure, via a Lagrangian, for the resulting solitonic system of coupled KdV type system. It is shown that the Hamiltonian obtained by this procedure is bounded from below and in that sense represents a model which is physically admissible.
Collocation method with quintic b-spline method for solving hirota-satsuma coupled KDV equation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
K. R. Raslan
2016-05-01
Full Text Available In the present paper, a numerical method is proposed for the numerical solution of a coupled system of KdV (CKdV equation with appropriate initial and boundary conditions by using collocation method with quintic B-spline on the uniform mesh points. The method is shown to be unconditionally stable using von-Neumann technique. To test accuracy the error norms, are computed. Three invariants of motion are predestined to determine the preservation properties of the problem, and the numerical scheme leads to careful and active results. Furthermore, interaction of two and three solitary waves is shown. These results show that the technique introduced here is easy to apply. We make linearization for the nonlinear term.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
1998-01-01
The homogeneous balance method is extended to seek for B(a)cklund transformation, Lax pairs, non-local symmetries of variable coefficient KdV equation (VCKd VE).Then based on the B(a)cklund transformation and general solutions of a fourth-order nonlinear ordinary differential equation, five kinds of exact solutions of VCKdVE are derived. The soliton-like solution also belongs to these solutions.
The (G′/G-Expansion Method and Its Application for Higher-Order Equations of KdV (III
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Huizhang Yang
2014-01-01
Full Text Available New exact traveling wave solutions of a higher-order KdV equation type are studied by the (G′/G-expansion method, where G=G(ξ satisfies a second-order linear differential equation. The traveling wave solutions are expressed by the hyperbolic functions, the trigonometric functions, and the rational functions. The property of this method is that it is quite simple and understandable.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Liu Jin-Cun; Hou Guo-Lin
2010-01-01
In this paper, the generalised two-dimensional differential transform method (DTM) of solving the time-fractional coupled KdV equations is proposed. The fractional derivative is described in the Caputo sense. The presented method is a numerical method based on the generalised Taylor series expansion which constructs an analytical solution in the form of a polynomial. An illustrative example shows that the generalised two-dimensional DTM is effective for the coupled equations.
Schulze-Halberg, Axel
2016-06-01
We construct supersymmetric partners of a quantum system featuring a class of trigonometric potentials that emerge from the spheroidal equation. Examples of both standard and confluent supersymmetric transformations are presented. Furthermore, we use integral formulas arising from the confluent supersymmetric formalism to derive new representations for single and multiple integrals of spheroidal functions.
El-Tantawy, S. A.
2016-05-01
We examine the likelihood of the ion-acoustic rogue waves propagation in a non-Maxwellian electronegative plasma in the framework of the family of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equations (KdV/modified KdV/Extended KdV equation). For this purpose, we use the reductive perturbation technique to carry out this study. It is known that the family of the KdV equations have solutions of distinct structures such as solitons, shocks, kinks, cnoidal waves, etc. However, the dynamics of the nonlinear rogue waves is governed by the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE). Thus, the family of the KdV equations is transformed to their corresponding NLSE developing a weakly nonlinear wave packets. We show the possible region for the existence of the rogue waves and define it precisely for typical parameters of space plasmas. We investigate numerically the effects of relevant physical parameters, namely, the negative ion relative concentration, the nonthermal parameter, and the mass ratio on the propagation of the rogue waves profile. The present study should be helpful in understanding the salient features of the nonlinear structures such as, ion-acoustic solitary waves, shock waves, and rogue waves in space and in laboratory plasma where two distinct groups of ions, i.e. positive and negative ions, and non-Maxwellian (nonthermal) electrons are present.
On Solution of the Integrable Initial Boundary Value Problem for KdV Equation on the Semi-axis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ignatyev, Mikhail Yurievich, E-mail: mikkieram@gmail.com [Saratov State University, Department of Mathematics (Russian Federation)
2013-12-15
This paper is concerned with the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation on the right semi-axis. The initial boundary value problem with inhomogeneous integrable boundary conditions is studied. We show that, under some conditions on the initial data the problem has a solution and provide the procedure for constructing this solution. The procedure is based on the inverse spectral method and consists of several steps reducing to either solving some linear problems or calculations via some explicit formulas.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Konopelchenko, B [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Lecce and Sezione INFN, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Alonso, L MartInez [Departamento de Fisica Teorica II, Universidad Complutense, E28040 Madrid (Spain); Medina, E [Departamento de Matematicas, Universidad de Cadiz, E11510 Puerto Real, Cadiz (Spain)
2010-10-29
It is shown that the hodograph solutions of the dispersionless coupled KdV (dcKdV) hierarchies describe critical and degenerate critical points of a scalar function which obeys the Euler-Poisson-Darboux equation. Singular sectors of each dcKdV hierarchy are found to be described by solutions of higher genus dcKdV hierarchies. Concrete solutions exhibiting shock-type singularities are presented.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Inc, Mustafa [Department of Mathematics, Firat University, 23119 Elazig (Turkey)]. E-mail: minc@firat.edu.tr200
2007-11-15
A scheme is developed for the numerical study of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) and the modified Korteweg-de Vries (mKdV) equations with initial conditions by a variational approach. The exact and numerical solutions obtained by variational iteration method are compared with those obtained by Adomian decomposition method. The comparison shows that the obtained solutions are in excellent agreement.
The integrability of an extended fifth-order KdV equation with Riccati-type pseudopotential
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Yun-Hu Wang; Yong Chen
2013-11-01
The extended fifth-order KdV equation in fluids is investigated in this paper. Based on the concept of pseudopotential, a direct and unifying Riccati-type pseudopotential approach is employed to achieve Lax pair and singularity manifold equation of this equation. Moreover, this equation is classified into three categories: extended Caudrey–Dodd–Gibbon–Sawada–Kotera (CDGSK) equation, extended Lax equation and extended Kaup–Kuperschmidt (KK) equation. The corresponding singularity manifold equations and auto-Bäcklund transformations of these three equations are also obtained. Furthermore, the infinitely many conservation laws of the extended Lax equation are found using its Lax pair. All conserved densities and fluxes are given with explicit recursion formulas.
Numerical simulation of a solitonic gas in KdV and KdV–BBM equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dutykh, Denys, E-mail: Denys.Dutykh@univ-savoie.fr [LAMA, UMR 5127 CNRS, Université de Savoie, Campus Scientifique, 73376 Le Bourget-du-Lac Cedex (France); Pelinovsky, Efim, E-mail: pelinovsky@hydro.appl.sci-nnov.ru [Department of Nonlinear Geophysical Processes, Institute of Applied Physics, Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation); Department of Applied Mathematics, Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University (Russian Federation); National Research University – Higher School of Economics (Russian Federation)
2014-08-28
The collective behaviour of soliton ensembles (i.e. the solitonic gas) is studied using the methods of the direct numerical simulation. Traditionally this problem was addressed in the context of integrable models such as the celebrated KdV equation. We extend this analysis to non-integrable KdV–BBM type models. Some high resolution numerical results are presented in both integrable and nonintegrable cases. Moreover, the free surface elevation probability distribution is shown to be quasi-stationary. Finally, we employ the asymptotic methods along with the Monte Carlo simulations in order to study quantitatively the dependence of some important statistical characteristics (such as the kurtosis and skewness) on the Stokes–Ursell number (which measures the relative importance of nonlinear effects compared to the dispersion) and also on the magnitude of the BBM term. - Highlights: • High-resolution simulations of a solitonic gas are presented. • Integrable and non-integrable cases are considered. • The effect of integrability was shown to be negligible. • Dependence of the statistical characteristics on the model parameters was studied.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
M.H.M. Moussa; Rehab M. El-Shiekh
2011-01-01
Based on the closed connections among the homogeneous balance (HB) method and Clarkson-Kruskal (CK) method, we study the similarity reductions of the generalized variable coefficients 2D KdV equation. In the meantime it is shown that this leads to a direct reduction in the form of ordinary differential equation under some integrability conditions between the variable coefficients. Two different cases have been discussed, the search for solutions of those ordinary differential equations yielded many exact travelling and solitonic wave solutions in the form of hyperbolic and trigonometric functions under some constraints between the variable coefficients.
Stability Analysis for Travelling Wave Solutions of the Olver and Fifth-Order KdV Equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. R. Seadawy
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The Olver equation is governing a unidirectional model for describing long and small amplitude waves in shallow water waves. The solitary wave solutions of the Olver and fifth-order KdV equations can be obtained by using extended tanh and sech-tanh methods. The present results are describing the generation and evolution of such waves, their interactions, and their stability. Moreover, the methods can be applied to a wide class of nonlinear evolution equations. All solutions are exact and stable and have applications in physics.
Functional renormalisation group equations for supersymmetric field theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Synatschke-Czerwonka, Franziska
2011-01-11
This work is organised as follows: In chapter 2 the basic facts of quantum field theory are collected and the functional renormalisation group equations are derived. Chapter 3 gives a short introduction to the main concepts of supersymmetry that are used in the subsequent chapters. In chapter 4 the functional RG is employed for a study of supersymmetric quantum mechanics, a supersymmetric model which are studied intensively in the literature. A lot of results have previously been obtained with different methods and we compare these to the ones from the FRG. We investigate the N=1 Wess-Zumino model in two dimensions in chapter 5. This model shows spontaneous supersymmetry breaking and an interesting fixed-point structure. Chapter 6 deals with the three dimensional N=1 Wess-Zumino model. Here we discuss the zero temperature case as well as the behaviour at finite temperature. Moreover, this model shows spontaneous supersymmetry breaking, too. In chapter 7 the two-dimensional N=(2,2) Wess-Zumino model is investigated. For the superpotential a non-renormalisation theorem holds and thus guarantees that the model is finite. This allows for a direct comparison with results from lattice simulations. (orig.)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
熊维玲; 梁海珍
2015-01-01
通过行波变换将(3+1)维Kdv-Zakharov-Kuznetsev方程转变为复域中的常微分方程,给出复化的(3+1)维修正Kdv-Zakharov-Kuznetsev方程a4 u+1/3αa1u3+ (a31+a1a2+a1a23)+u"+c1=0的亚纯解.从而得到(3+1)维Kdv-Zakharov-Kuznetsev方程的亚纯行波解.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xiangrong Wang
2015-01-01
Full Text Available A generalized (2+1-dimensional variable-coefficient KdV equation is introduced, which can describe the interaction between a water wave and gravity-capillary waves better than the (1+1-dimensional KdV equation. The N-soliton solutions of the (2+1-dimensional variable-coefficient fifth-order KdV equation are obtained via the Bell-polynomial method. Then the soliton fusion, fission, and the pursuing collision are analyzed depending on the influence of the coefficient eAij; when eAij=0, the soliton fusion and fission will happen; when eAij≠0, the pursuing collision will occur. Moreover, the Bäcklund transformation of the equation is gotten according to the binary Bell-polynomial and the period wave solutions are given by applying the Riemann theta function method.
A small time solutions for the KdV equation using Bubnov-Galerkin finite element method
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N.K. Amein
2011-10-01
Full Text Available A Bubnov-Galerkin finite element method with quintic B-spline functions taken as element shape and weight functions is presented for the solution of the KdV equation. To demonstrate the accuracy, efficiency and reliability of the method three experiments are undertaken for both the evolution of a single solitary wave and the interaction of two solitary waves. The numerical results are compared with analytical solutions and the numerical results in the literature. It is shown that the method presented is accurate, efficient and can be used at small times when the analytical solution is not known.
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A. R. Seadawy
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Some explicit travelling wave solutions to constructing exact solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations of mathematical physics are presented. By applying a theory of Frobenius decompositions and, more precisely, by using a transformation method to the coupled Burgers, combined Korteweg-de Vries- (KdV- modified KdV and Schrödinger-KdV equation is written as bilinear ordinary differential equations and two solutions to describing nonlinear interaction of travelling waves are generated. The properties of the multiple travelling wave solutions are shown by some figures. All solutions are stable and have applications in physics.
Trogdon, Thomas; Deconinck, Bernard
2013-05-01
We derive a Riemann-Hilbert problem satisfied by the Baker-Akhiezer function for the finite-gap solutions of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation. As usual for Riemann-Hilbert problems associated with solutions of integrable equations, this formulation has the benefit that the space and time dependence appears in an explicit, linear and computable way. We make use of recent advances in the numerical solution of Riemann-Hilbert problems to produce an efficient and uniformly accurate numerical method for computing all periodic and quasi-periodic finite-genus solutions of the KdV equation.
Superconformal Algebras and Supersymmetric Integrable Flows
Sachse, Christoph; Devchand, Chandrasekhar
2009-01-01
After a comprehensive review of superconformal algebras, super-diffeomorphisms and supervector fields on supercircles S^{1|n} we study various supersymmetric extensions of the KdV and Camassa-Holm equations. We describe their (super) Hamiltonian structures and their connection to bihamiltonian geometry. These are interpreted as geodesic flows on various superconformal groups. We also give an example of superintegrable systems of Ramond type. The one-parameter family of equations shown by Degasperis, Holm and Hone (DHH) to possess multi-peakon solutions is identified as a geodesic flow equation on a one-parameter deformation of the group of diffeomorphisms of the circle, with respect to a right-invariant Sobolev H^1--metric. A supersymmetrisation of the algebra of deformed vector fields on S^1 yields supersymmetric DHH equations (also known as b-field equations), which include the supersymmetric Camassa--Holm equation as a special case.
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Jincun Liu
2013-01-01
Full Text Available By introducing the fractional derivative in the sense of Caputo and combining the pretreatment technique to deal with long nonlinear items, the generalized two-dimensional differential transform method is proposed for solving the time-fractional Hirota-Satsuma coupled KdV equation and coupled MKdV equation. The presented method is a numerical method based on the generalized Taylor series expansion which constructs an analytical solution in the form of a polynomial. The numerical results show that the generalized two-dimensional differential transform method is very effective for the fractional coupled equations.
Yu, Zhang; Zhang, Yufeng
2009-01-30
Three semi-direct sum Lie algebras are constructed, which is an efficient and new way to obtain discrete integrable couplings. As its applications, three discrete integrable couplings associated with the modified KdV lattice equation are worked out. The approach can be used to produce other discrete integrable couplings of the discrete hierarchies of solition equations.
On Discrete Painlevé Equations Associated with the Lattice KdV Systems and the Painlevé VI Equation
Nijhoff, F W; Grammaticos, B; Ohta, Y
1998-01-01
A new integrable nonautonomous nonlinear ordinary difference equation is presented which can be considered to be a discrete analogue of the Painleve V equation. Its derivation is based on the similarity reduction on the two-dimensional lattice of integrable partial difference equations of KdV type. The new equation which is referred to as GDP (generalised discrete Painleve equation) contains various ``discrete Painleve equations'' as subcases for special values/limits of the parameters, some of which were already given before in the literature. The general solution of the GDP can be expressed in terms of Painleve VI (PVI) transcendents. In fact, continuous PVI emerges as the equation obeyed by the solutions of the discrete equation in terms of the lattice parameters rather than the lattice variables that label the lattice sites. We show that the bilinear form of PVI is embedded naturally in the lattice systems leading to the GDP. Further results include the establishment of Baecklund and Schlesinger transform...
Hamiltonian structure of an operator valued extension of Super KdV equations
Restuccia, A
2014-01-01
An extension of the super Korteweg-de Vries integrable system in terms of operator valued functions is obtained. In particular the extension contains the $N=1$ Super KdV and coupled systems with functions valued on a symplectic space. We introduce a Miura transformation for the extended system and obtain its hamiltonian structure. We also obtain an extended Gardner transformation which allows to find an infinite number of conserved quantities of the extended system.
Symmetry of the Coupled KDV Equation%双KDV方程的对称性
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刘永军; 邵建新
2001-01-01
双KDV方程是KDV方程的推广,讨论一组双KDV 方程与推广的Virasoro代数的Poisson括号实现之间的关系,结论表明:ITO的双KDV方程稳定孤立子解的存在是由推广的Virasoro代数的对称性所决定的.
Well-posedness and ill-posedness of the fifth-order modified KdV equation
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Soonsik Kwon
2008-01-01
Full Text Available We consider the initial value problem of the fifth-order modified KdV equation on the Sobolev spaces. $$displaylines{ partial_t u - partial_x^5u + c_1partial_x^3(u^3 + c_2upartial_x upartial_x^2 u + c_3uupartial_x^3 u =0cr u(x,0= u_0(x }$$ where $u:mathbb{R}imesmathbb{R} o mathbb{R} $ and $c_j$'s are real. We show the local well-posedness in $H^s(mathbb{R}$ for $sgeq 3/4$ via the contraction principle on $X^{s,b}$ space. Also, we show that the solution map from data to the solutions fails to be uniformly continuous below $H^{3/4}(mathbb{R}$. The counter example is obtained by approximating the fifth order mKdV equation by the cubic NLS equation.
Liu, Jian-Guo; Du, Jian-Qiang; Zeng, Zhi-Fang; Ai, Guo-Ping
2016-10-01
The Korteweg-de Vries (KdV)-type models have been shown to describe many important physical situations such as fluid flows, plasma physics, and solid state physics. In this paper, a new (2 + 1)-dimensional KdV equation is discussed. Based on the Hirota's bilinear form and a generalized three-wave approach, we obtain new exact solutions for the new (2 + 1)-dimensional KdV equation. With the help of symbolic computation, the properties for some new solutions are presented with some figures.
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Chen, Yong [Ningbo Univ., Ningbo (China). Department of Mathematics; Shanghai Jiao-Tong Univ., Shangai (China). Department of Physics; Chinese Academy of sciences, Beijing (China). Key Laboratory of Mathematics Mechanization
2005-03-01
A general method to uniformly construct exact solutions in terms of special function of nonlinear partial differential equations is presented by means of a more general ansatz and symbolic computation. Making use of the general method, we can successfully obtain the solutions found by the method proposed by Fan (J. Phys. A., 36 (2003) 7009) and find other new and more general solutions, which include polynomial solutions, exponential solutions, rational solutions, triangular periodic wave solution, soliton solutions, soliton-like solutions and Jacobi, Weierstrass doubly periodic wave solutions. A general variable-coefficient two-dimensional KdV equation is chosen to illustrate the method. As a result, some new exact soliton-like solutions are obtained. planets. The numerical results are given in tables. The results are discussed in the conclusion.
广义KdV方程的精确行波解%Exact Traveling Wave Solutions to Generalized KdV Equations
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胡建兰
2002-01-01
The exact traveling wave solutions to some nonlinear evolution physical models of KdV type, such as the generalized odd order KdV equations and generalized KdV-Burgerse quations, are explicitly established by using two-step hypothesis method.%采用两步假设法,得到非线性物理模型中的KdV型方程的精确行波解. 如广义奇数阶(五阶、七阶)KdV方程和广义KdV-Barges方程.
高阶广义微扰KdV方程的弱解%Weak Solution of Generalized KdV Equation with High Order Perturbation Terms
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成军祥; 王艳红
2011-01-01
By using the theory of compensated compactness, we prove that there exists a sequence {uεδ}converges nearly everywhere to the solution of the initial-value problem of generalized KdV equation with high order perturbation terms, namely we prove the existence of the weak solution.
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Xianbin Wu
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We study a generalized KdV equation of neglecting the highest order infinitesimal term, which is an important water wave model. Some exact traveling wave solutions such as singular solitary wave solutions, semiloop soliton solutions, dark soliton solutions, dark peakon solutions, dark loop-soliton solutions, broken loop-soliton solutions, broken wave solutions of U-form and C-form, periodic wave solutions of singular type, and broken wave solution of semiparabola form are obtained. By using mathematical software Maple, we show their profiles and discuss their dynamic properties. Investigating these properties, we find that the waveforms of some traveling wave solutions vary with changes of certain parameters.
A Taylor-Galerkin finite element method for the KdV equation using cubic B-splines
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Canivar, Aynur [Cemal Mumtaz Teachers Training Anatolian High School, 26210 Eskisehir (Turkey); Sari, Murat, E-mail: msari@pau.edu.t [Department of Mathematics, Pamukkale University, Denizli 20070 (Turkey); Dag, Idris [Department of Computer Engineering, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir 26480 (Turkey)
2010-08-15
In this paper, to obtain accurate solutions of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation, a Taylor-Galerkin method is proposed based on cubic B-splines over finite elements. To tackle this a forward time-stepping technique is accepted in time. To see the accuracy of the proposed method, L{sub 2} and L{sub {infinity} }error norms are calculated in three test problems. The numerical results are found to be in good agreement with exact solutions and with the literature. The applied numerical method has also been shown to be unconditionally stable. In order to find out the physical behaviour of more intricate models, this procedure has been seen to have a great potentiality.
Sarkar, Tanmay
2015-06-01
In this paper, we demonstrate that previously reported traveling wave solutions for the fifth order KdV type equations with time dependent coefficients (Triki and Wazwaz, 2014) are incorrect. We present the corrected traveling wave solutions for fifth order KdV type equations using sine-cosine method. In addition, we provide traveling wave solutions for the Kawahara equation and Kaup-Kupershmidt equation as an application.
An Explicit Modulus Square Conserving Scheme for Kdv Equation%求解Kdv方程的一种显式模平方守恒格式
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
胡勋锋; 孙建强; 李昊辰
2011-01-01
利用Magnus方法求解Kdv方程.Kdv方程具有模平方守恒特性,首先用适当差分格式对其进行模平方守恒空间离散,转化成模平方守恒的常微分方程,再用Magnus方法求解.数值结果表明,Magnus方法能保Kdv方程模平方守恒特性.%In our report, the magnus method was used to solve Kdv equation, which has the modulus square conserving property. The proper difference scheme was used to discretizate it along the modulus square conservation special direction, and which is transformed into the modulus square conserving ordinary differential equation. The magnus method was used to solve the ordinary differential equations. The numerical results indicated that the Magnus method preserve the modulus square conserving property of the Kdv equation.
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陈勇; 闫振亚; 李彪; 张鸿庆
2003-01-01
In this paper, we make use of a new generalized ansatz in the homogeneous balance method, the well-known Riccati equation and the symbolic computation to study a generalized Hirota-Satsuma coupled KdV system and a coupled MKdV equation, respectively. As a result, numerous explicit exact solutions, comprising new solitary wave solutions, periodic wave solutions and the combined formal solitary wave solutions and periodic wave solutions, are obtained.
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Schulze-Halberg, Axel [Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, IPN, Unidad Profesional Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, Edificio 9, 07738 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)], E-mail: xbataxel@gmail.com; Rivas, Jesus Morales [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana - Azcapotzalco, CBI - Area de Fisica Atomica Molecular Aplicada, Av. San Pablo 180, Reynosa Azcapotzalco, 02200 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)], E-mail: jmr@correo.azc.uam.mx; Pena Gil, Jose Juan [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana - Azcapotzalco, CBI - Area de Fisica Atomica Molecular Aplicada, Av. San Pablo 180, Reynosa Azcapotzalco, 02200 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)], E-mail: jjpg@correo.azc.uam.mx; Garcia-Ravelo, Jesus [Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, IPN, Unidad Profesional Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, Edificio 9, 07738 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)], E-mail: ravelo@esfm.ipn.mx; Roy, Pinaki [Physics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta-700108 (India)], E-mail: pinaki@isical.ac.in
2009-04-20
We generalize the formalism of nth order Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics (n-SUSY) to the Fokker-Planck equation for constant diffusion coefficient and stationary drift potential. The SUSY partner drift potentials and the corresponding solutions of the Fokker-Planck equation are given explicitly. As an application, we generate new solutions of the Fokker-Planck equation by means of our first- and second-order transformation.
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Arthemy V. Kiselev
2006-02-01
Full Text Available We construct new integrable coupled systems of N = 1 supersymmetric equations and present integrable fermionic extensions of the Burgers and Boussinesq equations. Existence of infinitely many higher symmetries is demonstrated by the presence of recursion operators. Various algebraic methods are applied to the analysis of symmetries, conservation laws, recursion operators, and Hamiltonian structures. A fermionic extension of the Burgers equation is related with the Burgers flows on associative algebras. A Gardner's deformation is found for the bosonic super-field dispersionless Boussinesq equation, and unusual properties of a recursion operator for its Hamiltonian symmetries are described. Also, we construct a three-parametric supersymmetric system that incorporates the Boussinesq equation with dispersion and dissipation but never retracts to it for any values of the parameters.
KdV方程带修正函数的格子Boltzmann模拟%Lattice Boltzmann model with amending function for KdV equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
何郁波; 董晓亮; 林晓艳
2012-01-01
A new lattice Boltzmann model with amending-function for KdV equation is presented. Monotonicity and stability of the scheme are analyzed. The conditions of monotonicity are obtained, under which the stability of the scheme is proved in the L1 norm. Applied the proposed scheme, the solutions of KdV equation are simulated, and numerical results agree with the analytical solutions quite well.%采用一种带修正函数的新格子Boltzmann模型模拟了KdV方程,分析了由此得出的迭代格式的单调性和稳定性,得到了格式的单调性条件.在单调性条件下,迭代格式是L1稳定的.数值模拟结果表明该格式是可行的.
PAINLEV PROPERTY OF BURGERS-KDV EQUATION AND ITS EXACT SOLUTIONS
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无
2010-01-01
In this paper, we introduce the Painlev property of the Burgers-KdV equation. Two types of exact solutions to the equation are obtained by the standard truncated expansion metIn this paper, we introduce the Painlev property of the Burgers-KdV equation. Two types of exact solutions to the equation are obtained by the standard truncated expansion method and the extended standard truncated expansion method, respectively.hod and the extended standard truncated expansion method, respectively.
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Xu Gui-Qiong
2013-01-01
By means of singularity structure analysis,the integrability of a generalized fifth-order KdV equation is investigated.It is proven that this equation passes the Painlevé test for integrability only for three distinct cases.Moreover,the multisoliton solutions are presented for this equation under three sets of integrable conditions.Finally,by selecting appropriate parameters,we analyze the evolution of two solitons,which is especially interesting as it may describe the overtaking and the head-on collisions of solitary waves of different shapes and different types.
The zero dispersion limit for the Korteweg-deVries KdV equation.
Lax, P D; Levermore, C D
1979-08-01
We use the inverse scattering method to determine the weak limit of solutions of the Korteweg-deVries equation as dispersion tends to zero. The limit, valid for all time, is characterized in terms of a quadratic programming problem which can be solved with the aid of function theoretic methods. For large t, the solutions satisfy Whitham's averaged equations at some times and the equations found by Flaschka et al. at other times.
Modified KdV equation for solitary Rossby waves with β effect in barotropic fluids
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Song Jian; Yang Lian-Gui
2009-01-01
This paper uses the weakly nonlinear method and perturbation method to deal with the quasi-geostrophic vorticity equation, and the modified Korteweg-de Vries(mKdV) equations describing the evolution of the amplitude of solitary Rossby waves as the change of Rossby parameter β(y) with latitude y is obtained.
New Jacobian Elliptic Function Solutions of Modified KdV Equation: Ⅱ
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YAN Zhen-Ya
2002-01-01
Recently, we obtained thirteen families of Jacobian elliptic function solutions of mKdV equation by usingour extended Jacobian elliptic function expansion method. In this note, the mKdV equation is investigated and anotherthree families of new doubly periodic solutions (Jacobian elliptic function solutions) are fbund again by using a newtransformation, which and our extended Jacobian elliptic function expansion method form a new method still called theextended Jacobian elliptic function expansion method. The new method can be more powertul to be applied to othernonlinear differential equations.
New Jacobian Elliptic Function Solutions of Modified KdV Equation: Ⅲ
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YAN Zhen-Ya
2003-01-01
More recently, sixteen families of Jacobian elliptic function solutions of mKdV equation have been foundby using our extended Jacobian elliptic function expansion method. In this paper, we continue to improve our methodby using another eight pairs of the closed Jacobian elliptic functions. The mKdV equation is chosen to illustrate theimproved method such that another eight families of new Jacobian elliptic function solutions are obtained again. Thenew method can be more powerful to be applied to other nonlinear differential equations.
Conservation Laws and Soliton Solutions for Generalized Seventh Order KdV Equation
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YAO Ruo-Xia; XU Gui-Qiong; LI Zhi-Bin
2004-01-01
With the assistance of the symbolic computation system Maple,rich higher order polynomial-type conservation laws and a sixth order t/x-dependent conservation law are constructed for a generalized seventh order nonlinear evolution equation by using a direct algebraic method.From the compatibility conditions that guaranteeing the existence of conserved densities,an integrable unnamed seventh order KdV-type equation is found.By introducing some nonlinear transformations,the one-,two-,and three-solition solutions as well as the solitary wave solutions are obtained.
Variable Coefficient KdV Equation and the Analytical Diagnoses of a Dipole Blocking Life Cycle
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
TANG Xiao-Yan; HUANG Fei; LOU Sen-Yue
2006-01-01
@@ A variable coefficient Korteweg de Vries (VCKdV) system is derived by considering the time-dependent basic flow and boundary conditions from the well-known Euler equation with an earth rotation term. The analytical solution obtained from the VCKdV equation can be successfully used to explain fruitful phenomena in fluid and other physical fields, for instance, the atmospheric blocking phenomena. In particular, a diploe blocking case happened during 9 April 1973 to 18 April 1973 read out from the National Center for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP/NCAR) reanalysis data is well described by the analytical solution.
New Exact Solutions for a Higher-Order Wave Equation of KdV Type Using Extended F-Expansion Method
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Yinghui He
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The F-expansion method is used to find traveling wave solutions to various wave equations. By giving more solutions of the general subequation, an extended F-expansion method is introduced by Emmanuel. In our work, a generalized KdV type equation of neglecting the highest-order infinitesimal term, which is an important water wave model, is discussed by using the extended F-expansion method. And when the parameters satisfy certain relations, some new exact solutions expressed by Jacobi elliptic function, hyperbolic function, and trigonometric function are obtained. The related results are enriched.
A numerical simulation and explicit solutions of KdV-Burgers' and Lax's seventh-order KdV equations
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Soliman, A.A. [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education (AL-Arish), Suez Canal University, AL-Arish 45111 (Egypt)]. E-mail: asoliman_99@yahoo.com
2006-07-15
By means of variational iteration method the solution of the Korteweg-de Vries Burgers (for short, KdVB) and a Lax's seventh-order KdV (for short, LsKdV) equations are exactly obtained and in compared with that found by means of Adomian decomposition method. The comparison demonstrate that the two obtained solutions are an excellent agreement. The numerical results calculated and show that this method, variational iteration method, can be readily implemented to this type of nonlinear equations and excellent accuracy can be also achieved. The results of variation iteration method confirm the correctness of those obtained by mean of Adomian decomposition method.
Optimal error estimates for Fourier spectral approximation of the generalized KdV equation
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Zhen-guo DENG; He-ping MA
2009-01-01
A Fourier spectral method for the generalized Korteweg-de Vrics equation with periodic boundary conditions is analyzed, and a corresponding optimal error esti-mate in L2-norm is obtained. It improves the result presented by Maday and Quarteroni. A modified Fourier pseudospectral method is also presented, with the same convergence properties as the Fourier spectral method.
STABILITY OF THE RAREFACTION WAVE FOR THE GENERALIZED KDV-BURGERS EQUATION
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王治安; 朱长江
2002-01-01
This paper is concerned with the stability of the rarefaction wave for the generalized KdV-Burgers equation{ut + f(u)x = uuxx +δu tu ＞ 0, 5 ∈ Ru|t=o = uo(x) → u+, x →±∞. (1)Roughly speaking, under the assumption that u- ＜ u+, the solution u(x, t) to Cauchy problem (1) satisfying supx∈R |u(x't) - uR(x/t)| → 0 as t →∞, where uR(x/t) is the rarefaction wave of the non-viscous Burgers equation ut + f(u)x ＝ 0 with Riemann initial dataut (x,0)={u-, x＜0,u+, x＞0.
New Jacobian Elliptic Function Solutions to Modified KdV Equation: Ⅰ
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YAN Zhen-Ya
2002-01-01
An extended Jacobian elliptic function expansion method presented recently by us is applied to the mKdVequation such that thirteen families of Jacobian elliptic function solutions including both new solutions and Fu's allresults are obtained. When the modulus m → 1 or 0, we can find the corresponding six solitary wave solutions and sixtrigonometric function solutions. This shows that our method is more powerful to construct more exact Jacobian ellipticfunction solutions and can be applied to other nonlinear differential equations.
B-spline soliton solution of the fifth order KdV type equations
Zahra, W. K.; Ouf, W. A.; El-Azab, M. S.
2013-10-01
In this paper, we develop a numerical solution based on sextic B-spline collocation method for solving the generalized fifth-order nonlinear evolution equations. Applying Von-Neumann stability analysis, the proposed technique is shown to be unconditionally stable. The accuracy of the presented method is demonstrated by a test problem. The numerical results are found to be in good agreement with the exact solution.
KdV方程和mKdV方程的新奇异解%New Singular Solutions of KdV and mKdV Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘正荣; 唐昊
2012-01-01
This paper deals with the singular solutions of the famous KdV and mKdV equations.In the investigation,first,the corresponding planar systems of these equations are established.Then,through some special orbits of the corresponding planar systems,some new singular solutions of these equations are obtained.Finally,by employing the singular solutions of the mKdV equation and the Miura transformations,other singular solutions of the KdV equation are presented.%研究了著名的KdV方程和mKdV方程的奇异解.首先,建立了与这两个方程相应的平面行波系统.然后,利用行波系统的一些特殊轨道,导出了新奇异解.最后,通过mKdV方程的奇异解以及Miura变换,获得了KdV方程其它的新奇异解.
The supersymmetric Dirac equation the application to hydrogenic atoms
Hirshfeld, Allen
2012-01-01
The solution of the Dirac equation for an electron in a Coulomb field is systematically treated here by utilizing new insights provided by supersymmetry. It is shown that each of the concepts has its analogue in the non-relativistic case. Indeed, the non-relativistic case is developed first, in order to introduce the new concepts in a familiar context. The symmetry of the non-relativistic model is already present in the classical limit, so the classical Kepler problem is first discussed in order to bring out the role played by the Laplace vector, one of the central concepts of the whole book.
Stable Self-Similar Blow-Up Dynamics for Slightly {L^2}-Supercritical Generalized KDV Equations
Lan, Yang
2016-07-01
In this paper we consider the slightly {L^2}-supercritical gKdV equations {partial_t u+(u_{xx}+u|u|^{p-1})_x=0}, with the nonlinearity {5 < p < 5+\\varepsilon} and {0 < \\varepsilon≪ 1}. We will prove the existence and stability of a blow-up dynamics with self-similar blow-up rate in the energy space {H^1} and give a specific description of the formation of the singularity near the blow-up time.
Cauchy problems for fifth-order KdV equations in weighted Sobolev spaces
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Eddye Bustamante
2015-05-01
Full Text Available In this work we study the initial-value problem for the fifth-order Korteweg-de Vries equation $$ \\partial_{t}u+\\partial_{x}^{5}u+u^k\\partial_{x}u=0, \\quad x,t\\in \\mathbb{R}, \\; k=1,2, $$ in weighted Sobolev spaces $H^s(\\mathbb{R}\\cap L^2(\\langle x \\rangle^{2r}dx$. We prove local and global results. For the case $k=2$ we point out the relationship between decay and regularity of solutions of the initial-value problem.
On the supercritical KdV equation with time-oscillating nonlinearity
Panthee, M
2011-01-01
For the initial value problem (IVP) associated the generalized Korteweg-de Vries (gKdV) equation with supercritical nonlinearity, u_{t}+\\partial_x^3u+\\partial_x(u^{k+1}) =0,\\qquad k\\geq 5, numerical evidence \\cite{BDKM1, BSS1} shows that there are initial data $\\phi\\in H^1(\\mathbb{R})$ such that the corresponding solution may blow-up in finite time. Also, with the evidence from numerical simulation \\cite{ACKM, KP}, the physicists claim that a periodic time dependent term in factor of the nonlinearity would disturb the blow-up solution, either accelerating or delaying it. In this work, we investigate the IVP associated to the gKdV equation u_{t}+\\partial_x^3u+g(\\omega t)\\partial_x(u^{k+1}) =0, where $g$ is a periodic function and $k\\geq 5$ is an integer. We prove that, for given initial data $\\phi \\in H^1(\\R)$, as $|\\omega|\\to \\infty$, the solution $u_{\\omega}$ converges to the solution $U$ of the initial value problem associated to U_{t}+\\partial_x^3U+m(g)\\partial_x(U^{k+1}) =0, with the same initial data, wh...
A Numerical Solution for Hirota-Satsuma Coupled KdV Equation
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M. S. Ismail
2014-01-01
Full Text Available A Petrov-Galerkin method and product approximation technique are used to solve numerically the Hirota-Satsuma coupled Korteweg-de Vries equation, using cubic B-splines as test functions and a linear B-spline as trial functions. The implicit midpoint rule is used to advance the solution in time. Newton’s method is used to solve the block nonlinear pentadiagonal system we have obtained. The resulting schemes are of second order accuracy in both directions, space and time. The von Neumann stability analysis of the schemes shows that the two schemes are unconditionally stable. The single soliton solution and the conserved quantities are used to assess the accuracy and to show the robustness of the schemes. The interaction of two solitons, three solitons, and birth of solitons is also discussed.
Xu, Gui-qiong; Deng, Shu-fang
2016-06-01
In this article, we apply the singularity structure analysis to test an extended 2+1-dimensional fifth-order KdV equation for integrability. It is proven that the generalized equation passes the Painlevé test for integrability only in three distinct cases. Two of those cases are in agreement with the known results, and a new integrable equation is first given. Then, for the new integrable equation, we employ the Bell polynomial method to construct its bilinear forms, bilinear Bäcklund transformation, Lax pair, and infinite conversation laws systematically. The N-soliton solutions of this new integrable equation are derived, and the propagations and collisions of multiple solitons are shown by graphs.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Miansari, Mo; Miansari, Me; Barari, Amin
2009-01-01
In this article, He’s variational iteration method (VIM), is implemented to solve the linear Helmholtz partial differential equation and some nonlinear fifth-order Korteweg-de Vries (FKdV) partial differential equations with specified initial conditions. The initial approximations can be freely...... and nonlinear problems. It is predicted that VIM can be widely applied in engineering....
Solutions to the Painlevé V equation through supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Bermudez, David; Fernández C, David J.; Negro, Javier
2016-08-01
In this paper we shall use the algebraic method known as supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM) to obtain solutions to the Painlevé V (PV) equation, a second-order nonlinear ordinary differential equation. For this purpose, we will apply first the SUSY QM treatment to the radial oscillator. In addition, we will revisit the polynomial Heisenberg algebras (PHAs) and we will study the general systems ruled by them: for first-order PHAs we obtain the radial oscillator while for third-order PHAs the potential will be determined by solutions to the PV equation. This connection allows us to introduce a simple technique for generating solutions of the PV equation expressed in terms of confluent hypergeometric functions. Finally, we will classify them into several solution hierarchies.
Gieseker, D.
1999-01-01
The main object of this paper is to produce a deformation of the KdV hierarchy of partial differential equations. We construct this deformation by taking a certain limit of the Toda hierarchy. This construction also provides a deformation of the Virasoro algebra.
Deift, P; Venakides, S; Zhou, X
1998-01-20
This paper extends the steepest descent method for Riemann-Hilbert problems introduced by Deift and Zhou in a critical new way. We present, in particular, an algorithm, to obtain the support of the Riemann-Hilbert problem for leading asymptotics. Applying this extended method to small dispersion KdV (Korteweg-de Vries) equation, we (i) recover the variational formulation of P. D. Lax and C. D. Levermore [(1979) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA76, 3602-3606] for the weak limit of the solution, (ii) derive, without using an ansatz, the hyperelliptic asymptotic solution of S. Venakides that describes the oscillations; and (iii) are now able to compute the phase shifts, integrating the modulation equations exactly. The procedure of this paper is a version of fully nonlinear geometrical optics for integrable systems. With some additional analysis the theory can provide rigorous error estimates between the solution and its computed asymptotic expression.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘倩; 周钰谦; 刘合春
2011-01-01
In recent years, (G'/G)-expansion method is widely used in solving nonlinear evolution equations.In this paper, by using (G'/G)-expansion method, with the help of mathematics software Maple, the new exact solutions of a generalized Hirota-Satsuma coupled KdV equation are obtained, including the solitary wave solutions, trigonometrie function periodic solutions and rational solutions.For better understanding their numerical simulations are also given.%利用(G'/G)-展开法结合数学软件Maple求得了广义Hirota-Satsuma耦合KdV方程的新精确解,包括孤波解、三角函数周期解和有理解.为了更直观地理解这些解,给出了它们的数值模拟图.
Dreiner, H; Dreiner, Herbi; Pois, Heath
1995-01-01
We present the complete 2-loop renormalization group equations of the supersymmetric standard model. We thus explicitly include the full set of R -parity violating couplings, including \\kappa_iL_iH_2. We use these equations to do a first study of (a) gauge coupling unification, (b) bottom-tau unification, (c) the fixed point structure of the top quark Yukawa coupling, and (d) two-loop bounds from perturbative unification. We find significant shifts which can be larger than the effect from the top quark Yukawa coupling. The value of \\alpha_3(M_Z) can change by \\pm5\\%. The \\tan\\beta region for bottom-tau unification and for the top quark IR quasi fixed point structure is significantly increased. For heavy scalar fermion masses {\\cal{O}}(1\\tev) the limits on the \\Delta L\
Abdel-Gawad, H. I.; Tantawy, M.
2017-06-01
The aim of this paper is to study the collision between the long surface water waves. This is done by considering the coupled KdV equations with the relevant constrains on the variable coefficients. The extended rational traveling wave solutions are obtained. Various solutions of solitary waves, via soliton, periodic, elliptic and two-soliton solutions has also found. The waveguide properties of the characterizing two-soliton are shown to be a graded-index with reflection component and transmission with periodic distributions in long-distance communication. Here the linear refractive index and transmission are been shown to evolute towards solitonic waves enable to confirm data transverse by restricting expansion in low-cost telecommunications systems.
Abdel-Gawad, H. I.; Tantawy, M.
2017-02-01
The aim of this paper is to study the collision between the long surface water waves. This is done by considering the coupled KdV equations with the relevant constrains on the variable coefficients. The extended rational traveling wave solutions are obtained. Various solutions of solitary waves, via soliton, periodic, elliptic and two-soliton solutions has also found. The waveguide properties of the characterizing two-soliton are shown to be a graded-index with reflection component and transmission with periodic distributions in long-distance communication. Here the linear refractive index and transmission are been shown to evolute towards solitonic waves enable to confirm data transverse by restricting expansion in low-cost telecommunications systems.
Leviatan, A
2004-01-01
We show that the Dirac equation in 3+1 dimensions gives rise to supersymmetric patterns when the scalar and vector potentials are (i) Coulombic with arbitrary strengths or (ii) when their sum or difference is a constant, leading to relativistic pseudospin and spin symmetries. The conserved quantities and the common intertwining relation responsible for such patterns are discussed.
Leviatan, A
2004-05-21
We show that the Dirac equation in (3+1) dimensions gives rise to supersymmetric patterns when the scalar and vector potentials are (i). Coulombic with arbitrary strengths or (ii). when their sum or difference is a constant, leading to relativistic pseudospin and spin symmetries. The conserved quantities and the common intertwining relation responsible for such patterns are discussed.
Integrable dispersionless KdV hierarchy with sources
2006-01-01
An integrable dispersionless KdV hierarchy with sources (dKdVHWS) is derived. Lax pair equations and bi-Hamiltonian formulation for dKdVHWS are formulated. Hodograph solution for the dispersionless KdV equation with sources (dKdVWS) is obtained via hodograph transformation. Furthermore, the dispersionless Gelfand-Dickey hierarchy with sources (dGDHWS) is presented.
Horsley, S A R
2016-01-01
There is a well explored relationship between quantum mechanical scattering from a potential and the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation of fluid dynamics: if the potential is 'evolved' according to the KdV equation then it will have the same reflectivity and transmissivity as a function of energy, for each snapshot in time. In this work we explore this connection in optics, where the permittivity plays the role of the potential. We begin by deriving the relationship between the Helmholtz equation and the KdV equation in terms of the current induced in a material when a permittivity profile is changed slightly. It is then shown that the KdV equation can be used to design a plethora of bounded complex potentials that are relfectionless from both sides for all angles of incidence, and planar periodic media that exhibit a real Bloch vector for all angles of propagation. Finally we apply the KdV equation to reduce the reflection of a wave from an interface between two media of differing refractive indices.
Horsley, S. A. R.
2016-08-01
There is a well explored relationship between quantum mechanical scattering from a potential and the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation of fluid dynamics: if the potential is ‘evolved’ according to the KdV equation then it will have the same reflectivity and transmissivity as a function of energy, for each snapshot in time. In this work we explore this connection in optics, where the permittivity plays the role of the potential. We begin by deriving the relationship between the Helmholtz equation and the KdV equation in terms of the current induced in a material when a permittivity profile is changed slightly. It is then shown that the KdV equation can be used to design a plethora of bounded complex potentials that are relfectionless from both sides for all angles of incidence, and planar periodic media that exhibit a real Bloch vector for all angles of propagation. Finally we apply the KdV equation to reduce the reflection of a wave from an interface between two media of differing refractive indices.
Heredero, Rafael Hernandez; Petrera, Matteo; Scimiterna, Christian
2007-01-01
We present a discrete multiscale expansion of the lattice potential Korteweg-de Vries (lpKdV) equation on functions of infinite order of slow-varyness. To do so we introduce a formal expansion of the shift operator on many lattices holding at all orders. The lowest secularity condition from the expansion of the lpKdV equation gives a nonlinear lattice equation, depending on shifts of all orders, of the form of the nonlinear Schr\\"odinger (NLS) equation
复修正KdV方程的高阶保能量方法%The High Order Energy Preserving Method for the Complex Modified KdV Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
闫静叶; 孙建强
2016-01-01
利用4阶平均向量场方法和拟谱方法构造了复修正KdV方程的高阶保能量平均向量场格式,并利用构造的高阶保能量格式数值模拟了方程孤立波的演化行为.数值结果表明:构造的4阶格式具有好的稳定性,可以很好地模拟孤立波的演化行为,并且精确保持方程的能量守恒特性.%The fourth order energy preserving scheme for the complex modified KdV equation is obtained by apply-ing the fourth order average vector field method( AVF)and the Fourier pseudospectral method. The new fourth order energy preserving scheme is applied to simulate the behaviors of solitary waves of the KdV equation. Numerical re-sults show that the fourth order scheme has a nice stability and can well simulate the solitary wave evolution behav-iors of the complex modified KdV equation in long time ,moreover preserve the discrete energy conservation of the system.
Solution of the KdV Equation Based on COMSOL Multiphysics%基于COMSOL Multiphysics求解KdV方程
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
糜凯华
2014-01-01
In order to obtain numerical solutions of the KdV equation,COMSOL Multiphysics software based on finite element method established a finite element model and solved the distribution of solitary waves at various points in time. The results can study the propagation of solitary waves. Simulation results indicate that the soli-tary wave does not occur in isolation. Solitary waves can be found within a certain space where collisions occur as well as reproduced by representing as a three dimensional map distribution. Two different speed and ampli-tude solitons collided and did not affect each other.%为了得到KdV方程的数值解，基于有限单元法的COMSOL Multiphysics软件建立有限元模型并求解孤立波在各个时间点的分布情况，以研究孤立波的传播特性。数值模拟结果表明：孤立波不会发生消散，以三维图的分布形式表示，可以发现孤立子在一定的空间内会发生碰撞以及发生重现，也即两个不同速度和振幅的孤子相互碰撞、相互穿过，互相之间没有影响。
Zyskin, M
1995-01-01
We construct quantum operators solving the quantum versions of the Sturm-Liouville equation and the resolvent equation, and show the existence of conserved currents. The construction depends on the following input data: the basic quantum field O(k) and the regularization .
The N = 1 Supersymmetric Wong Equations and the Non-Abelian Landau Problem
Fanuel, Michaël; Avossevou, Gabriel Y H; Dossa, Anselme F
2014-01-01
A Lagrangian formulation is given extending to N = 1 supersymmetry the motion of a charged point particle with spin in a non-abelian external field. The classical formulation is constructed for any external static non-abelian SU(N) gauge potential. As an illustration, a specific gauge is fixed enabling canonical quantization and the study of the supersymmetric non-abelian Landau problem. The spectrum of the quantum Hamiltonian operator follows in accordance with the supersymmetric structure.
On the method of strained parameters for a KdV type of equation with exact dispersion property
Karjanto, N
2016-01-01
This paper provides an alternative methodology for analysis of three-wave interactions under the exact dispersion relation associated with gravity waves in fluid of intermediate depth. A Korteweg-de Vries type of equation with exact dispersion property is adopted as the governing equation for unidirectional wave packet evolution. Following the idea from Zakharov's seminal paper (Zakharov, V. E. (1968) Stability of periodic waves of finite amplitude on the surface of a deep fluid. \\textit{Journal of Applied Mechanics and Technical Physics}, {\\bf 9}, 190--194), the equation is transformed from the spatial--temporal domain to the wavenumber--temporal domain. The solution of the transformed equation is sought using the perturbation theory, for which the ansatz is expressed in the form of a regular expansion in the increasing order of a small parameter. After implementing the na\\"{i}ve perturbation method, due to nonlinear mode generation and particular combinations of wavenumbers, the third-order solution contain...
Koller, Andrew; Olshanii, Maxim
2011-12-01
We present a case demonstrating the connection between supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSYQM), reflectionless scattering, and soliton solutions of integrable partial differential equations. We show that the members of a class of reflectionless Hamiltonians, namely, Akulin's Hamiltonians, are connected via supersymmetric chains to a potential-free Hamiltonian, explaining their reflectionless nature. While the reflectionless property in question has been mentioned in the literature for over two decades, the enabling algebraic mechanism was previously unknown. Our results indicate that the multisoliton solutions of the sine-Gordon and nonlinear Schrödinger equations can be systematically generated via the supersymmetric chains connecting Akulin's Hamiltonians. Our findings also explain a well-known but little-understood effect in laser physics: when a two-level atom, initially in the ground state, is subjected to a laser pulse of the form V(t) = (nh/τ)/cosh(t/τ), with n being an integer and τ being the pulse duration, it remains in the ground state after the pulse has been applied, for any choice of the laser detuning.
Global Well-posedness of a System of Nonlinearly Coupled KdV equations of Majda and Biello
Guo, Yanqiu; Titi, Edriss S
2013-01-01
This paper addresses the problem of global well-posedness of a coupled system of Korteweg-de Vries equations, derived by Majda and Biello in the context of nonlinear resonant interaction of Rossby waves, in a periodic setting in homogeneous Sobolev spaces $\\dot H^s$, for $s\\geq 0$. Our approach is based on a successive time-averaging method developed by Babin, Ilyin and Titi [1].
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tang, Xiao-yan, E-mail: xytang@sjtu.edu.cn [Institute of System Science, School of Information Science Technology, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241 (China); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Faculty of Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211 (China); Li, Jing [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Liang, Zu-feng [Department of Physics, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310036 (China); Wang, Jian-yong [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)
2014-04-01
The multilinear variable separation approach (MLVSA) is applied to a coupled modified Korteweg–de Vries and potential Boiti–Leon–Manna–Pempinelli equations, as a result, the potential fields u{sub y} and v{sub y} are exactly the universal quantity applicable to all multilinear variable separable systems. The generalized MLVSA is also applied, and it is found that u{sub y} (v{sub y}) is rightly the subtraction (addition) of two universal quantities with different parameters. Then interactions between periodic waves are discussed, for instance, the elastic interaction between two semi-periodic waves and non-elastic interaction between two periodic instantons. An attractive phenomenon is observed that a dromion moves along a semi-periodic wave.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Trogdon, Thomas, E-mail: trogdon@cims.nyu.edu [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, 251 Mercer St., New York, NY 10012 (United States); Deconinck, Bernard [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Washington, Campus Box 352420, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)
2014-01-31
All solutions of the Korteweg–de Vries equation that are bounded on the real line are physically relevant, depending on the application area of interest. Usually, both analytical and numerical approaches consider solution profiles that are either spatially localized or (quasi-)periodic. In this paper, we discuss a class of solutions that is a nonlinear superposition of these two cases: their asymptotic state for large |x| is (quasi-)periodic, but they may contain solitons, with or without dispersive tails. Such scenarios might occur in the case of localized perturbations of previously present sea swell, for instance. Such solutions have been discussed from an analytical point of view only recently. We numerically demonstrate different features of these solutions.
Trogdon, Thomas; Deconinck, Bernard
2014-01-01
All solutions of the Korteweg-de Vries equation that are bounded on the real line are physically relevant, depending on the application area of interest. Usually, both analytical and numerical approaches consider solution profiles that are either spatially localized or (quasi-)periodic. In this paper, we discuss a class of solutions that is a nonlinear superposition of these two cases: their asymptotic state for large |x| is (quasi-)periodic, but they may contain solitons, with or without dispersive tails. Such scenarios might occur in the case of localized perturbations of previously present sea swell, for instance. Such solutions have been discussed from an analytical point of view only recently. We numerically demonstrate different features of these solutions.
Hamiltonian Structures for the Generalized Dispersionless KdV Hierarchy
Brunelli, J. C.
1996-01-01
We study from a Hamiltonian point of view the generalized dispersionless KdV hierarchy of equations. From the so called dispersionless Lax representation of these equations we obtain three compatible Hamiltonian structures. The second and third Hamiltonian structures are calculated directly from the r-matrix approach. Since the third structure is not related recursively with the first two ones the generalized dispersionless KdV hierarchy can be characterized as a truly tri-Hamiltonian system.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
卢殿臣; 沈芙蓉; 洪宝剑
2014-01-01
This scheme was firstly developed to obtain the approximate solution to the variable coefficient combined KdV equation with initial condition via the Adomian decomposition method. First of all, the variable coefficient combined KdV equation would be simplified, and the nonlinear term linearization in the equation would be processed, then the Adomian decomposition method would be employed to find the fourth approximate solution to the equation. Finally, in special cases using numerical simulation method estimated the error of the approximate solution and exact solution, and gave the numerical simulation diagram of the approximation solution and exact solution.%运用Adomian分解法研究带有初值条件的变系数组合KdV方程的近似解。首先，对变系数组合KdV方程进行约化，然后对方程中的非线性项进行线性化处理，再运用Adomian分解法求出方程的四级近似解。最后在特殊情形下运用数值模拟的方法对近似解和精确解进行了误差估计，并给出了近似解和精确解的数值模拟图。
Quinto, A G
2016-01-01
We studied the Dynamical Symmetry Breaking (DSB) mechanism in a supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory in $\\left(2+1\\right)$ dimensions coupled to $N$ matter superfields in the superfield formalism. For this purpose, we developed a mechanism to calculate the effective superpotencial $K_{\\mathrm{eff}}\\left(\\sigma_{\\mathrm{cl}},\\alpha\\right)$, where $\\sigma_{\\mathrm{cl}}$ is a background superfield, and $\\alpha$ a gauge-fixing parameter that is introduced in the quantization process. The possible dependence of the effective potential on the gauge parameter have been studied in the context of quantum field theory. We developed the formalism of the Nielsen identities in the superfield language, which is the appropriate formalism to study DSB when the effective potential is gauge dependent. We also discuss how to calculate the effective superpotential via the Renormalization Group Equation (RGE) from the knowledge of the renormalization group functions of the theory, i.e., $\\beta$ functions and anomalous dimensions $\\...
Abdel-Gawad, H. I.; Tantawy, M.; Abo Elkhair, R. E.
2016-07-01
Rogue waves are more precisely defined as waves whose height is more than twice the significant wave height. This remarkable height was measured (by Draupner in 1995). Thus, the need for constructing a mechanism for the rogue waves is of great utility. This motivated us to suggest a mechanism, in this work, that rogue waves may be constructed via nonlinear interactions of solitons and periodic waves. This suggestion is consolidated here, in an example, by studying the behavior of solutions of the complex (KdV). This is done here by the extending the solutions of its real version.
用同伦摄动法解Kdv-Burgers方程%Homotopy Perturbation Method and Approximate Solutions of Kdv-Burgers Equaition
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李阳; 王佩臣
2011-01-01
利用行波变换将Kdv-Burgers方程化为常微分方程,并结合同伦摄动方法求它的二阶近似解.%Some discussion and gets to some conclusion are made on how to transform Kdv-Burgers equation into the ordinary differential equation with traveling wave transform method and homotopy perturbation method.And get the equations of second order approximate solutions.
Beyond the KdV: Post-explosion development.
Ostrovsky, L; Pelinovsky, E; Shrira, V; Stepanyants, Y
2015-09-01
Several threads of the last 25 years' developments in nonlinear wave theory that stem from the classical Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation are surveyed. The focus is on various generalizations of the KdV equation which include higher-order nonlinearity, large-scale dispersion, and a non-local integral dispersion. We also discuss how relatively simple models can capture strongly nonlinear dynamics and how various modifications of the KdV equation lead to qualitatively new, non-trivial solutions and regimes of evolution observable in the laboratory and in nature. As the main physical example, we choose internal gravity waves in the ocean for which all these models are applicable and have genuine importance. We also briefly outline the authors' view of the future development of the chosen lines of nonlinear wave theory.
Wick类型的随机广义Kdv方程的精确解%EXACT SOLUTIONS FOR WICK-TYPE STOCHASTIC GENERALIZED KDV EQUATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
那顺布和
2010-01-01
在Kondratiev分布空间(S)-1中通过埃尔米特变换和Painleve'分析导出了wick-类型的随机广义Kdv方程的Backlund变换,并且把wick-类型的随机广义Kdv方程变成广义系数Kdv-方程,再利用Backlund变换求出广义系数Kdv方程的精确解,最后通过埃尔米特逆变换求出随机广义Kdv方程在系数取不同白色噪音泛函条件下的精确解.
Renormalization of supersymmetric theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pierce, D.M.
1998-06-01
The author reviews the renormalization of the electroweak sector of the standard model. The derivation also applies to the minimal supersymmetric standard model. He discusses regularization, and the relation between the threshold corrections and the renormalization group equations. He considers the corrections to many precision observables, including M{sub W} and sin{sup 2}{theta}{sup eff}. He shows that global fits to the data exclude regions of supersymmetric model parameter space and lead to lower bounds on superpartner masses.
KdV solitons in a cold quark gluon plasma
Fogaça, D A; Filho, L G Ferreira
2011-01-01
The relativistic heavy ion program developed at RHIC and now at LHC motivated a deeper study of the properties of the quark gluon plasma (QGP) and, in particular, the study of perturbations in this kind of plasma. We are interested on the time evolution of perturbations in the baryon and energy densities. If a localized pulse in baryon density could propagate throughout the QGP for long distances preserving its shape and without loosing localization, this could have interesting consequences for relativistic heavy ion physics and for astrophysics. A mathematical way to proove that this can happen is to derive (under certain conditions) from the hydrodynamical equations of the QGP a Korteveg-de Vries (KdV) equation. The solution of this equation describes the propagation of a KdV soliton. The derivation of the KdV equation depends crucially on the equation of state (EOS) of the QGP. The use of the simple MIT bag model EOS does not lead to KdV solitons. Recently we have developed an EOS for the QGP which include...
修正cKdV方程组的孤立波结构及其稳定性%Solitary Wave Solutions of Modified Coupled KdV Equation and Their Stability
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
石玉仁; 周志刚; 张娟; 杨红娟; 段文山
2012-01-01
利用函数展开法求解修正耦合KdV( Coupled KdV,cKdV)方程组,得到几类孤立波解,包括扭结型一钟型、双扭结型、双钟型以及双扭结一双钟型结构的单孤子解.在不同的极限情况下,这些解分别退化为修正cKdV方程的扭结状或钟状孤波解.对孤立波的稳定性进行了数值研究,结果表明:修正cKdV方程既存在稳定的孤立波解,也存在不稳定的孤立波解.%With function expansion method, we obtain several types of solitary wave solutions of modified coupled KdV ( cKdV) equations ,including kink-bell-like soliton,double kinks soliton,double bells soliton and double kinks-double bells soliton. These solitary wave solutions are reduced to kink or bell-like solitons solution under different limitations. We also investigate numerically stability of solitary wave solutions. It indicates that the system of modified cKdV equations has both stable solitary wave solutions and unstable solitary wave solutions.
Supersymmetric classical cosmology
Escamilla-Rivera, Celia; Urena-Lopez, L Arturo
2010-01-01
In this work a supersymmetric cosmological model is analyzed in which we consider a general superfield action of a homogeneous scalar field supermultiplet interacting with the scale factor in a supersymmetric FRW model. There appear fermionic superpartners associated with both the scale factor and the scalar field, and classical equations of motion are obtained from the super-Wheeler-DeWitt equation through the usual WKB method. The resulting supersymmetric Einstein-Klein-Gordon equations contain extra radiation and stiff matter terms, and we study their solutions in flat space for different scalar field potentials. The solutions are compared to the standard case, in particular those corresponding to the exponential potential, and their implications for the dynamics of the early Universe are discussed in turn.
On the Convexity of the KdV Hamiltonian
Kappeler, Thomas; Maspero, Alberto; Molnar, Jan; Topalov, Peter
2016-08-01
Motivated by perturbation theory, we prove that the nonlinear part {H^{*}} of the KdV Hamiltonian {H^{kdv}}, when expressed in action variables {I = (In)_{n ≥slant 1}}, extends to a real analytic function on the positive quadrant {ℓ2+({N})} of {ℓ2({N})} and is strictly concave near {0}. As a consequence, the differential of {H^{*}} defines a local diffeomorphism near 0 of {ℓ_{{C}}2({N})}. Furthermore, we prove that the Fourier-Lebesgue spaces {{F}{L}^{s,p}} with {-1/2 ≤slant s ≤slant 0} and {2 ≤slant p KdV-Birkhoff coordinates. In particular, it means that {ℓ2_+({N})} is the space of action variables of the underlying phase space {{F}{L}^{-1/2,4}} and that the KdV equation is globally in time {C0}-well-posed on {{F}{L}^{-1/2,4}}.
Global Smoothing for the Periodic KdV Evolution
Erdogan, Burak
2011-01-01
The Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation with periodic boundary conditions is considered. It is shown that for $H^s$ initial data, $s>-1/2$, and for any $s_1<\\min(3s+1,s+1)$, the difference of the nonlinear and linear evolutions is in $H^{s_1}$ for all times, with at most polynomially growing $H^{s_1}$ norm. The result also extends to KdV with a smooth, mean zero, time-dependent potential in the case $s\\geq 0$. Our result and a theorem of Oskolkov for the Airy evolution imply that if one starts with continuous and bounded variation initial data then the solution of KdV (given by the $L^2$ theory of Bourgain) is a continuous function of space and time.
Planarizable Supersymmetric Quantum Toboggans
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Miloslav Znojil
2011-02-01
Full Text Available In supersymmetric quantum mechanics the emergence of a singularity may lead to the breakdown of isospectrality between partner potentials. One of the regularization recipes is based on a topologically nontrivial, multisheeted complex deformations of the line of coordinate x giving the so called quantum toboggan models (QTM. The consistent theoretical background of this recipe is briefly reviewed. Then, certain supersymmetric QTM pairs are shown exceptional and reducible to doublets of non-singular ordinary differential equations a.k.a. Sturm-Schrödinger equations containing a weighted energy E→EW(x and living in single complex plane.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
梁聪刚; 王鸿章
2015-01-01
Nonlinear evolution equations are mathematical model obtained during the period that people learn and illustrate phenomena of nature .It’s very important to do research on the condition of the solution to the model ,and its explicit solution is more necessary in carrying out a research .Hirota bilinear derivative method is one of the effective methods to solve the exact solutions of nonlinear evolution equations .By using the Hirota bilinear derivative meth‐od ,and with the aid of auxiliary jacobian function ,bilinear derivative method is applied to e‐duce the solution of KdV equations ,and finally the double periodic wave solutions and solitary wave solution are numerically simulated .%非线性发展方程是人们认识和解释自然界许多现象时得到的数学模型，研究这些模型的解的性态十分重要，其显式解更是人们研究所必需的。 Hirota双线性导数方法是求解非线性发展方程精确解的非常有效的方法之一。本文利用 Hirota双线性导数方法，并借助于辅助雅可比矰函数，利用Hirota提出的双线性导数方法，导出kdv方程的解，最后并对双周期波解和孤立波解进行了数值模拟。
Supersymmetric heterotic string backgrounds
Gran, U.; Papadopoulos, G.; Roest, D.; Cvetič, M.
2007-01-01
We present the main features of the solution of the gravitino and dilatino Killing spinor equations derived in hep-th/0510176 and hep-th/0703143 which have led to the classification of geometric types of all type I backgrounds. We then apply these results to the supersymmetric backgrounds of the het
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2005-01-01
Recently some (1+1)-dimensional nonlinear wave equations with linearly dispersive terms were shown to possess compacton-like and solitary pattern-like solutions. In this paper, with the aid of Maple, new solutions of (2+1)-dimensional generalization of mKd V equation, which is of only linearly dispersive terms, are investigated using three new transformations. As a consequence, it is shown that this (2+ 1)-dimensional equation also possesses new compacton-like solutions and solitary pattern-like solutions.
Lee, Jen-Chi
2014-01-01
We calculate quantum mechanical scattering problems for multi-indexed extensions of soliton potential by Darboux transformations in terms of pseudo virtual wavefunctions. As an application, we calculate infinite set of higher integer KdV solitons by the inverse scattering transform method of KdV equation.
Exact solutions for the family of third order Korteweg de-Vries equations
2016-01-01
In this work we apply an extended hyperbolic function method to solve the nonlinear family of third order Korteweg de-Vries (KdV) equations, namely, the KdV equation, the modified KdV (mKdV) equation, the potential KdV (pKdV) equation, the generalized KdV (gKdV) equation and gKdV with two power nonlinearities equation. New exact travelling wave solutions are obtained for the KdV, mKdV and pKdV equations. The solutions are expressed in terms of hyperbolic functions, trigonometric functions and...
The Supersymmetric Particle Spectrum
Barger, V; Ohmann, P
1994-01-01
We examine the spectrum of supersymmetric particles predicted by grand unified theoretical (GUT) models where the electroweak symmetry breaking is accomplished radiatively. We evolve the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters according to the renormalization group equations (RGE). The minimization of the Higgs potential is conveniently described by means of tadpole diagrams. We present complete one-loop expressions for these minimization conditions, including contributions from the matter and the gauge sectors. We concentrate on the low $\\tan \\beta$ fixed point region (that provides a natural explanation of a large top quark mass) for which we find solutions to the RGE satisfying both experimental bounds and fine-tuning criteria. We also find that the constraint from the consideration of the lightest supersymmetric particle as the dark matter of the universe is accommodated in much of parameter space where the lightest neutralino is predominantly gaugino. The supersymmetric mass spectrum displays correlations...
Lie symmetry analysis and reduction of a new integrable coupled KdV system
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Qian Su-Ping; Tian Li-Xin
2007-01-01
In this paper, Lie symmetry is investigated for a new integrable coupled Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation system. Using some symmetry subalgebra of the equation system, we obtain five types of the significant similarity reductions. Abundant solutions of the coupled KdV equation system, such as the solitary wave solution, exponential solution, rational solution and polynomial solution, etc. are obtained from the reduced equations. Especially, one type of group-invariant solution of reduced equations can be acquired by means of the Painlev?I transcendent function.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
周良强; 陈芳启; 陈予恕
2007-01-01
研究了具有参数激励约简的扰动KdV方程的混沌动力学行为.利用改进的Melnikov方法分析了由于同宿轨道的横截相交而产生的混沌行为.对周期外激励、周期线性参数激励和周期非线性参数激励下的扰动KdV方程的混沌行为进行了比较,发现划分混沌区与非混沌区的临界曲线是互不相同的.尤其是对非线性参数激励系统,存在"死频率".当这类系统受到该频率激励时,不论激励的振幅多大,混沌也不会发生.用时间积分法对上述系统进行了数值计算,结果与理论分析一致.%The chaotic dynamic behaviors of a reduction of perturbed Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation in form of a parametric excitation are studied. Chaotic behaviors from homoclinic crossings are analyzed with an improved Melnikov method and are compared for the systems with a periodically external excitation, with a linear periodically parametric excitation, or with a nonlinear periodically excitation. The critical curves separating chaotic regions and non-chaotic regions of the above systems are different from each other. Especially, a dead frequency is presented for the system with a nonlinear periodically parametric excitation. The chaos excited at the frequency does not occur no matter how large the excitation amplitude is. A time integration scheme is used to find the numerical solutions of these systems. Numerical results agree with the analytical ones.
An extended functional transformation method and its application in some evolution equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ding Hai-Yong; Xu Xi-Xiang; Yang Hong-Xiang
2005-01-01
In this paper, an extended functional transformation is given to solve some nonlinear evolution equations. This function, in fact, is a solution of the famous KdV equation, so this transformation gives a transformation between KdV equation and other soliton equations. Then many new exact solutions can be given by virtue of the solutions of KdV equation.
On a Schwarzian PDE associated with the KdV Hierarchy
Nijhoff, F W; Joshi, N; Nijhoff, Frank; Hone, Andrew; Joshi, Nalini
1999-01-01
We present a novel integrable non-autonomous partial differential equation of the Schwarzian type, i.e. invariant under Möbius transformations, that is related to the Korteweg-de Vries hierarchy. In fact, this PDE can be considered as the generating equation for the entire hierarchy of Schwarzian KdV equations. We present its Lax pair, establish its connection with the SKdV hierarchy, its Miura relations to similar generating PDEs for the modified and regular KdV hierarchies and its Lagrangian structure. Finally we demonstrate that its similarity reductions lead to the {\\it full} Painlevé VI equation, i.e. with four arbitary parameters.
Compressive and rarefactive DIA solitons beyond the KdV limit
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mamun, A. A. [Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (Italy); Deeba, F., E-mail: farah.ju35@gmail.com [Jahangirnagar University, Department of Physics (Bangladesh)
2012-04-15
The modified Gardner equation (MGE), showing the existence of compressive and rarefactive dust-ion-acoustic (DIA) solitons in a nonplanar dusty plasma (containing inertial ions, Boltzmann electrons, and negatively charged stationary dust) beyond the KdV Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) limit, is derived and numerically solved. The basic features of the compressive and rarefactive cylindrical and spherical DIA solitons, which are found to exist beyond the KdV limit, i.e., exist for {mu} {approx} 2/3 (where {mu} = Z{sub n}n{sub d0}/n{sub i0}, z{sub d} is the number of electrons residing onto the dust grain surface, n{sub d0}(n{sub i0}) is the dust (ion) number density at equilibrium, and {mu} {approx} 2/3 means that {mu} is not equal to 2/3, but it is around 2/3) are identified. These solitons (which can be referred to as DIA Gardner solitons (DIA-GSs)) are completely different from the KdV solitons because {mu} = 2/3 corresponds to the vanishing of the nonlinear coefficient of the KdV equation, and {mu} {approx} 2/3 corresponds to extremely large amplitude KdV solitons for which the validity of the reductive perturbation method breaks down. It is also shown that the properties of the nonplanar (cylindrical and spherical) DIA-GSs are significantly different from those of the one dimensional planar ones.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics with reflections
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Post, Sarah; Vinet, Luc [Centre de Recherches Mathematiques, Universite de Montreal, Montreal CP6128 (QC) H3C 3J7 (Canada); Zhedanov, Alexei, E-mail: post@crm.umontreal.ca, E-mail: luc.vinet@umontreal.ca, E-mail: zhedanov@fti.dn.ua [Donetsk Institute for Physics and Technology, Donetsk 83114 (Ukraine)
2011-10-28
We consider a realization of supersymmetric quantum mechanics where supercharges are differential-difference operators with reflections. A supersymmetric system with an extended Scarf I potential is presented and analyzed. Its eigenfunctions are given in terms of little -1 Jacobi polynomials which obey an eigenvalue equation of Dunkl type and arise as a q {yields} -1 limit of the little q-Jacobi polynomials. Intertwining operators connecting the wavefunctions of extended Scarf I potentials with different parameters are presented. (paper)
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics approach to a nonlinear lattice
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ricotta, Regina Maria [Faculdade de Tecnologia de Sao Paulo (FATEC), SP (Brazil); Drigo Filho, Elso [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), SP (Brazil)
2011-07-01
Full text: DNA is one of the most important macromolecules of all biological system. New discoveries about it have open a vast new field of research, the physics of nonlinear DNA. A particular feature that has attracted a lot of attention is the thermal denaturation, i.e., the spontaneous separation of the two strands upon heating. In 1989 a simple lattice model for the denaturation of the DNA was proposed, the Peyrard-Bishop model, PB. The bio molecule is described by two chains of particles coupled by nonlinear springs, simulating the hydrogen bonds that connect the two basis in a pair. The potential for the hydrogen bonds is usually approximated by a Morse potential. The Hamiltonian system generates a partition function which allows the evaluation of the thermodynamical quantities such as mean strength of the basis pairs. As a byproduct the Hamiltonian system was shown to be a NLSE (nonlinear Schroedinger equation) having soliton solutions. On the other hand, a reflectionless potential with one bound state, constructed using supersymmetric quantum mechanics, SQM, can be shown to be identical to a soliton solution of the KdV equation. Thus, motivated by this Hamiltonian problem and inspired by the PB model, we consider the Hamiltonian of a reflectionless potential through SQM, in order to evaluate thermodynamical quantities of a unidimensional lattice with possible biological applications. (author)
Gudnason, Sven Bjarke; Sasaki, Shin
2015-01-01
Construction of a supersymmetric extension of the Skyrme term was a long-standing problem because of the auxiliary field problem; that is, the auxiliary field may propagate and cannot be eliminated, and the problem of having fourth-order time derivative terms. In this paper, we construct for the first time a supersymmetric extension of the Skyrme term in four spacetime dimensions, in the manifestly supersymmetric superfield formalism that does not suffer from the auxiliary field problem. Chiral symmetry breaking in supersymmetric theories results not only in Nambu-Goldstone (NG) bosons (pions) but also in the same number of quasi-NG bosons so that the low-energy theory is described by an SL(N,C)-valued matrix field instead of SU(N) for NG bosons. The solution of auxiliary fields is trivial on the canonical branch of the auxiliary field equation, in which case our model results in a fourth-order derivative term that is not the Skyrme term. For the case of SL(2,C), we find explicitly a nontrivial solution to th...
Khoury, Justin; Ovrut, Burt A
2011-01-01
Galileon theories are of considerable interest since they allow for stable violations of the null energy condition. Since such violations could have occurred during a high-energy regime in the history of our universe, we are motivated to study supersymmetric extensions of these theories. This is carried out in this paper, where we construct generic classes of N=1 supersymmetric Galileon Lagrangians. They are shown to admit non-equivalent stress-energy tensors and, hence, vacua manifesting differing conditions for violating the null energy condition. The temporal and spatial fluctuations of all component fields of the supermultiplet are analyzed and shown to be stable on a large number of such backgrounds. In the process, we uncover a surprising connection between conformal Galileon and ghost condensate theories, allowing for a deeper understanding of both types of theories.
Barranco, Alejandro
2012-01-01
We implement relativistic BCS superconductivity in N=1 supersymmetric field theories with a U(1)_R symmetry. The simplest model contains two chiral superfields with a Kahler potential modified by quartic terms. We study the phase diagram of the gap as a function of the temperature and the specific heat. The superconducting phase transition turns out to be first order, due to the scalar contribution to the one-loop potential. By virtue of supersymmetry, the critical curves depend logarithmically with the UV cutoff, rather than quadratically as in standard BCS theory. We comment on the difficulties in having fermion condensates when the chemical potential is instead coupled to a baryonic U(1)_B current. We also discuss supersymmetric models of BCS with canonical Kahler potential constructed by "integrating-in" chiral superfields.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kaura, P. [Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247 667, Uttaranchal (India); Misara, A. [Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)
2006-12-15
We look for possible nonsupersymmetric black hole attractor solutions for type II compactification on (the mirror of) CY{sub 3}(2,128) expressed as a degree-12 hypersurface in WCP{sup 4}[1,1,2,2,6]. In the process, (a) for points away from the conifold locus, we show that the existence of a non-supersymmetric attractor along with a consistent choice of fluxes and extremum values of the complex structure moduli, could be connected to the existence of an elliptic curve fibered over C{sup 8} which may also be ''arithmetic'' (in some cases, it is possible to interpret the extremization conditions for the black-hole superpotential as an endomorphism involving complex multiplication of an arithmetic elliptic curve), and (b) for points near the conifold locus, we show that existence of non-supersymmetric black-hole attractors corresponds to a version of A{sub 1}-singularity in the space Image(Z{sup 6}{yields}R{sup 2}/Z{sub 2}({yields}R{sup 3})) fibered over the complex structure moduli space. The (derivatives of the) effective black hole potential can be thought of as a real (integer) projection in a suitable coordinate patch of the Veronese map: CP{sup 5}{yields}CP{sup 20}, fibered over the complex structure moduli space. We also discuss application of Kallosh's attractor equations (which are equivalent to the extremization of the effective black-hole potential) for nonsupersymmetric attractors and show that (a) for points away from the conifold locus, the attractor equations demand that the attractor solutions be independent of one of the two complex structure moduli, and (b) for points near the conifold locus, the attractor equations imply switching off of one of the six components of the fluxes. Both these features are more obvious using the attractor equations than the extremization of the black hole potential. (Abstract Copyright [2006], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
Supersymmetric theories on squashed five-sphere
Imamura, Yosuke
2012-01-01
We construct supersymmetric theories on the SU(3)xU(1) symmetric squashed five-sphere with 2, 4, 6, and 12 supercharges. We first determine the Killing equation by dimensional reduction from 6d, and use Noether procedure to construct actions. The supersymmetric Yang-Mills action is straightforwardly obtained from the supersymmetric Chern-Simons action by using a supersymmetry preserving constant vector multiplet.
KdV and kink antikink solitons in car-following models
Ge, H. X.; Cheng, R. J.; Dai, S. Q.
2005-11-01
The jams in the congested traffic are related with various density waves, which might be governed by the nonlinear wave equations, such as the Korteweg-de-Vries (KdV) equation, the Burgers equation and the modified Korteweg-de-Vries (mKdV) equation. Three different versions of optimal velocity models are examined. The stability conditions of the models are obtained by using the linear stability theory. The KdV equation near the neutral stability line and the mKdV equation around the critical point are derived by applying the reductive perturbation method, respectively. The traffic jams could be thus described by the KdV and kink-antikink soliton solutions for the two kinds of equations. The general solutions are given for, which can lead to specific solutions in previous work. Moreover, they are applied to solve a new model-the full velocity difference model and the corresponding KdV and kink-antikink soliton solutions could be quickly obtained, which demonstrates the general solutions presented herein are useful.
Kaura, P.; Misara, A.
2006-12-01
We look for possible nonsupersymmetric black hole attractor solutions for type II compactification on (the mirror of) CY_3(2,128) expressed as a degree-12 hypersurface in WCP^4[1,1,2,2,6]. In the process, (a) for points away from the conifold locus, we show that the attractors could be connected to an elliptic curve fibered over C^8 which may also be "arithmetic" (in some cases, it is possible to interpret the extremization conditions as an endomorphism involving complex multiplication of an arithmetic elliptic curve), and (b) for points near the conifold locus, we show that the attractors correspond to a version of A_1-singularity in the space Image(Z^6-->R^2/Z_2(embedded in R^3)) fibered over the complex structure moduli space. The potential can be thought of as a real (integer) projection in a suitable coordinate patch of the Veronese map: CP^5-->CP^{20}, fibered over the complex structure moduli space. We also discuss application of the equivalent Kallosh's attractor equations for nonsupersymmetric attractors and show that (a) for points away from the conifold locus, the attractor equations demand that the attractor solutions be independent of one of the two complex structure moduli, and (b) for points near the conifold locus, the attractor equations imply switching off of one of the six components of the fluxes. Both these features are more obvious using the atractor equations than the extremization of the black hole potential.
NEW EXACTLY SOLVABLE SUPERSYMMETRIC PERIODIC POTENTIALS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU KE-JIA; HE LI; ZHOU GUO-LI; WU YU-JIAO
2001-01-01
Using the formalism of supersymmetric quantum mechanics, we give an exact solution for a family of onedimensional periodic potentials, which are the supersymmetric partners of the potential proportional to the trigonometric function cos(2x) such that the Schrodinger equation for this potential is named the Mathieu equation mathematically.We show that the new potentials are distinctly different from their original ones. However, both have the same energy band structure. All the potentials obtained in this paper are free of singularities.
The Pentagram map in higher dimensions and KdV flows
Khesin, Boris
2012-01-01
We extend the definition of the pentagram map from 2D to higher dimensions and describe its integrability properties for both closed and twisted polygons by presenting its Lax form. The corresponding continuous limit of the pentagram map in dimension $d$ is shown to be the $(2,d+1)$-flow of the KdV hierarchy, generalizing the Boussinesq equation in 2D.
Miura and generalized Bäcklund transformation for KdV hierarchy
Gomes, J. F.; Retore, A. L.; Zimerman, A. H.
2016-12-01
Using the fact that Miura transformation can be expressed in the form of gauge transformation connecting the KdV and mKdV equations, we discuss the derivation of the Bäcklund transformation and its Miura-gauge transformation connecting both hierarchies.
Miura and Generalized B\\"acklund Transformation for KdV Hierarchy
Gomes, J F; Zimerman, A H
2016-01-01
Using the fact that Miura transformation can be expressed in the form of gauge transformation connecting the KdV and mKdV equations, we discuss the derivation of the B\\"acklund transformation and its Miura-gauge transformation connecting both hierarchies.
Ilinskii, K N; Melezhik, V S; Ilinski, K N; Kalinin, G V; Melezhik, V V
1994-01-01
We revise the sequences of SUSY for a cyclic adiabatic evolution governed by the supersymmetric quantum mechanical Hamiltonian. The condition (supersymmetric adiabatic evolution) under which the supersymmetric reductions of Berry (nondegenerated case) or Wilczek-Zee (degenerated case) phases of superpartners are taking place is pointed out. The analogue of Witten index (supersymmetric Berry index) is determined. As the examples of suggested concept of supersymmetric adiabatic evolution the Holomorphic quantum mechanics on complex plane and Meromorphic quantum mechanics on Riemann surface are considered. The supersymmetric Berry indexes for the models are calculated.
On the uniqueness of supersymmetric attractors
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Taniya Mandal
2015-10-01
Full Text Available In this paper we discuss the uniqueness of supersymmetric attractors in four-dimensional N=2 supergravity theories coupled to n vector multiplets. We prove that for a given charge configuration the supersymmetry preserving axion free attractors are unique. We generalise the analysis to axionic attractors and state the conditions for uniqueness explicitly. We consider the example of a two-parameter model and find all solutions to the supersymmetric attractor equations and discuss their uniqueness.
Exploring the Supersymmetric $\\sigma$ Model
De Oliveira-Imbiriba, B C
1999-01-01
The purpose of this work is to present some basic concepts about the non-linear sigma model in a simple and direct way. We start with showing the bosonic model and the Wess-Zumino-Witten term, making some comments about its topological nature, and its association with the torsion. It is also shown that to cancel the quantum conformal anomaly the model should obey the Einstein equations. We provide a quick introduction about supersymmetry in chapter 2 to help the understanding the supersymmetric extension of the model. In the last chapter we present the supersymmetric model and its equations of motion. Finally we work-out the two-supersymmetry case, introducing the chiral as well as the twisted chiral fields, expliciting the very specific $SU(2)\\otimes U(1)$ case.
Supersymmetric Spacetimes from Curved Superspace
Kuzenko, Sergei M
2015-01-01
We review the superspace technique to determine supersymmetric spacetimes in the framework of off-shell formulations for supergravity in diverse dimensions using the case of 3D N=2 supergravity theories as an illustrative example. This geometric formalism has several advantages over other approaches advocated in the last four years. Firstly, the infinitesimal isometry transformations of a given curved superspace form, by construction, a finite-dimensional Lie superalgebra, with its odd part corresponding to the rigid supersymmetry transformations. Secondly, the generalised Killing spinor equation, which must be obeyed by the supersymmetry parameters, is a consequence of the more fundamental superfield Killing equation. Thirdly, general rigid supersymmetric theories on a curved spacetime are readily constructed in superspace by making use of the known off-shell supergravity-matter couplings and restricting them to the background chosen. It is the superspace techniques which make it possible to generate arbitra...
Exact solutions for the family of third order Korteweg de-Vries equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Luwai Wazzan
2016-05-01
Full Text Available In this work we apply an extended hyperbolic function method to solve the nonlinear family of third order Korteweg de-Vries (KdV equations, namely, the KdV equation, the modified KdV (mKdV equation, the potential KdV (pKdV equation, the generalized KdV (gKdV equation and gKdV with two power nonlinearities equation. New exact travelling wave solutions are obtained for the KdV, mKdV and pKdV equations. The solutions are expressed in terms of hyperbolic functions, trigonometric functions and rational functions. The method used is promising method to solve other nonlinear evaluation equations.
Geometry of all supersymmetric type I backgrounds
Gran, Ulf; Papadopoulos, George; Sloane, Peter; Roest, Diederik
2007-01-01
We find the geometry of all supersymmetric type I backgrounds by solving the gravitino and dilatino Killing spinor equations, using the spinorial geometry technique, in all cases. The solutions of the gravitino Killing spinor equation are characterized by their isotropy group in Spin(9, 1), while th
The spinorial method of classifying supersymmetric backgrounds
Gran, U.; Gutowski, J.; Papadopoulos, G.; Roest, D.
2006-01-01
We review how the classification of all supersymmetric backgrounds of IIB supergravity can be reduced to the evaluation of the Killing spinor equations and their integrability conditions, which contain the field equations, on five types of spinors. This is an extension of the work [hep-th/0503046] t
Partial differential equations possessing Frobenius integrable decompositions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ma, Wen-Xiu [Department of Mathematics, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620-5700 (United States)]. E-mail: mawx@cas.usf.edu; Wu, Hongyou [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115-2888 (United States)]. E-mail: wu@math.niu.edu; He, Jingsong [Department of Mathematics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)]. E-mail: jshe@ustc.edu.cn
2007-04-16
Frobenius integrable decompositions are introduced for partial differential equations. A procedure is provided for determining a class of partial differential equations of polynomial type, which possess specified Frobenius integrable decompositions. Two concrete examples with logarithmic derivative Baecklund transformations are given, and the presented partial differential equations are transformed into Frobenius integrable ordinary differential equations with cubic nonlinearity. The resulting solutions are illustrated to describe the solution phenomena shared with the KdV and potential KdV equations.
KdV cnoidal waves in a traffic flow model with periodic boundaries
Hattam, L.
2017-06-01
An optimal-velocity (OV) model describes car motion on a single lane road. In particular, near to the boundary signifying the onset of traffic jams, this model reduces to a perturbed Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation using asymptotic analysis. Previously, the KdV soliton solution has then been found and compared to numerical results (see Muramatsu and Nagatani [1]). Here, we instead apply modulation theory to this perturbed KdV equation to obtain at leading order, the modulated cnoidal wave solution. At the next order, the Whitham equations are derived, which have been modified due to the equation perturbation terms. Next, from this modulation system, a family of spatially periodic cnoidal waves are identified that characterise vehicle headway distance. Then, for this set of solutions, we establish the relationship between the wave speed, the modulation term and the driver sensitivity. This analysis is confirmed with comparisons to numerical solutions of the OV model. As well, the long-time behaviour of these solutions is investigated.
Supersymmetric Displaced Number States
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fredy R. Zypman
2015-06-01
Full Text Available We introduce, generate and study a family of supersymmetric displaced number states (SDNS that can be considered generalized coherent states of the supersymmetric harmonic oscillator. The family is created from the seminal supersymmetric boson-fermion entangling annihilation operator introduced by Aragone and Zypman and later expanded by Kornbluth and Zypman. Using the momentum representation, the states are obtained analytically in compact form as displaced supersymmetric number states. We study their position-momentum uncertainties, and their bunchiness by classifying them according to their Mandel Q-parameter in phase space. We were also able to find closed form analytical representations in the space and number basis.
Supersymmetric Open Wilson Lines
Baker, Edward B
2011-01-01
In this paper we study Open Wilson Lines (OWL's) in the context of two Supersymmetric Yang Mills theories. First we consider four dimensional N=2 Supersymmetric Yang Mills Theory with hypermultiplets transforming in the fundamental representation of the gauge group, and find supersymmetric OWL's only in the superconformal versions of these theories. We then consider four dimensional N=4 SYM coupled to a three dimensional defect hypermultiplet. Here there is a semi-circular supersymmetric OWL, which is related to the ray by a conformal transformation. We perform a perturbative calculation of the operators in both theories, and discuss using localization to compute them non-perturbatively.
An Algebraic Construction of the First Integrals of the Stationary KdV Hierarchy
Matsushima, Masatomo; Ohmiya, Mayumi
2009-09-01
The stationary KdV hierarchy is constructed using a kind of recursion operator called Λ-operator. The notion of the maximal solution of the n-th stationary KdV equation is introduced. Using this maximal solution, a specific differential polynomial with the auxiliary spectral parameter called the spectral M-function is constructed as the quadratic form of the fundamental system of the eigenvalue problem for the 2-nd order linear ordinary differential equation which is related to the linearizing operator of the hierarchy. By calculating a perfect square condition of the quadratic form by an elementary algebraic method, the complete set of first integrals of this hierarchy is constructed.
Boundary conditions for General Relativity on AdS$_{3}$ and the KdV hierarchy
Pérez, Alfredo; Troncoso, Ricardo
2016-01-01
It is shown that General Relativity with negative cosmological constant in three spacetime dimensions admits a new family of boundary conditions being labeled by a nonnegative integer $k$. Gravitational excitations are then described by "boundary gravitons" that fulfill the equations of the $k$-th element of the KdV hierarchy. In particular, $k=0$ corresponds to the Brown-Henneaux boundary conditions so that excitations are described by chiral movers. In the case of $k=1$, the boundary gravitons fulfill the KdV equation and the asymptotic symmetry algebra turns out to be infinite-dimensional, abelian and devoid of central extensions. The latter feature also holds for the remaining cases that describe the hierarchy ($k>1$). Our boundary conditions then provide a gravitational dual of two noninteracting left and right KdV movers, and hence, boundary gravitons possess anisotropic Lifshitz scaling with dynamical exponent $z=2k+1$. Remarkably, despite spacetimes solving the field equations are locally AdS, they po...
Supersymmetric non conservative systems
Martínez-Pérez, N E
2015-01-01
We give the generalization of a recent variational formulation for nonconservative classical mechanics, for fermionic and sypersymmetric systems. Both cases require slightly modified boundary conditions. The supersymmetric version is given in the superfield formalism. The corresponding Noether theorem is formulated. As expected, like the energy, the supersymmetric charges are not conserved. Examples are discussed.
Construction of N-soliton solutions for a new integrable equation by Darboux transformation
Bai, Shuting; Zhaqilao
2016-10-01
In this paper, the relationship between a new integrable equation and well-known KdV equation is established by a set of transformation. With the help of Darboux transformation of KdV equation and the set of transformation, parametric representations of multi-soliton solutions for the new integrable equation are obtained, and their figures are plotted.
Boundary conditions for General Relativity on AdS3 and the KdV hierarchy
Pérez, Alfredo; Tempo, David; Troncoso, Ricardo
2016-06-01
It is shown that General Relativity with negative cosmological constant in three spacetime dimensions admits a new family of boundary conditions being labeled by a nonnegative integer k. Gravitational excitations are then described by "boundary gravitons" that fulfill the equations of the k-th element of the KdV hierarchy. In particular, k = 0 corresponds to the Brown-Henneaux boundary conditions so that excitations are described by chiral movers. In the case of k = 1, the boundary gravitons fulfill the KdV equation and the asymptotic symmetry algebra turns out to be infinite-dimensional, abelian and devoid of central extensions. The latter feature also holds for the remaining cases that describe the hierarchy ( k > 1). Our boundary conditions then provide a gravitational dual of two noninteracting left and right KdV movers, and hence, boundary gravitons possess anisotropic Lifshitz scaling with dynamical exponent z = 2 k + 1. Remarkably, despite spacetimes solving the field equations are locally AdS, they possess anisotropic scaling being induced by the choice of boundary conditions. As an application, the entropy of a rotating BTZ black hole is precisely recovered from a suitable generalization of the Cardy formula that is compatible with the anisotropic scaling of the chiral KdV movers at the boundary, in which the energy of AdS spacetime with our boundary conditions depends on z and plays the role of the central charge. The extension of our boundary conditions to the case of higher spin gravity and its link with different classes of integrable systems is also briefly addressed.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Das, G.C.; Ibohanbi-Singh, K. (Dept. of Mathematics, Manipur Univ., Imphal (India))
1991-01-01
Ion-acoustic solitons in a generalized multicomponent plasma are studied through the derivation of Korteweg-de Vries (K-dV) equation. The negative ions and ion-beams play quantitatively various roles on the existence of solitons in the plasma. Especially, the critical density introduced by the negative ions exhibits the existence of a large amplitude soliton in plasmas and due to which a derivation of a modified K-dV (mK-dV) equation is needed. By taking the higher order nonlinearity in the plasma, the transition of the K-dV equation to the mK-dV equation is also shown. Moreover, various models of the plasma due to the non-isothermality are also considered in the discussions. Further study closely related to the stability of the soliton is made and yields the salient features of the solitons. (orig.).
Darboux transformation for a generalized Hirota-Satsuma coupled Korteweg-de Vries equation.
Geng, Xianguo; Ren, Hongfeng; He, Guoliang
2009-05-01
A Darboux transformation for the generalized Hirota-Satsuma coupled Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation is derived with the aid of the gauge transformation between the corresponding 4x4 matrix spectral problems with three potentials, by which some explicit solutions of the generalized Hirota-Satsuma coupled KdV equation are constructed. As a reduction, a Darboux transformation of the complex coupled KdV equation and its explicit solutions are obtained.
Fu, Wenbo; Maldacena, Juan; Sachdev, Subir
2016-01-01
We discuss a supersymmetric generalization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model. These are quantum mechanical models involving $N$ Majorana fermions. The supercharge is given by a polynomial expression in terms of the Majorana fermions with random coefficients. The Hamiltonian is the square of the supercharge. The ${\\cal N}=1$ model with a single supercharge has unbroken supersymmetry at large $N$, but non-perturbatively spontaneously broken supersymmetry in the exact theory. We analyze the model by looking at the large $N$ equation, and also by performing numerical computations for small values of $N$. We also compute the large $N$ spectrum of "singlet" operators, where we find a structure qualitatively similar to the ordinary SYK model. We also discuss an ${\\cal N}=2$ version. In this case, the model preserves supersymmetry in the exact theory and we can compute a suitably weighted Witten index to count the number of ground states, which agrees with the large $N$ computation of the entropy. In both cases, we disc...
Non-autonomous Degenerate KdV Systems
Turhan, Refik
2002-01-01
Non-autonomous degenerate KdV systems in (1+1) dimensions are considered for integrability classification. Integrability of the systems is associated with the existence of a recursion operator. Some new non-autonomous degenerate two-component KdV systems are found.
On the problem of periodicity and hidden solitons for the KdV model.
Engelbrecht, Jüri; Salupere, Andrus
2005-03-01
In continuum limit, the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice is modeled by a Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation. It is shown that the long-time behavior of a KdV soliton train emerging from a harmonic excitation has a regular periodicity of right- and left-going trajectories. In a soliton train not all the solitons are visible, the solitons with smaller amplitude are hidden and their influence is seen through the changes of phase shifts of larger solitons. In the case of an external harmonic force several resonance schemes are revealed where both visible and hidden solitons have important roles. The weak, moderate, strong, and dominating fields are distinguished and the corresponding solution types presented.
Spatial Analyticity of solutions to integrable systems. I. The KdV case
Rybkin, Alexei
2011-01-01
We are concerned with the Cauchy problem for the KdV equation for nonsmooth locally integrable initial profiles q's which are, in a certain sense, essentially bounded from below and q(x)=O(e^{-cx^{{\\epsilon}}}),x\\rightarrow+\\infty, with some positive c and {\\epsilon}. Using the inverse scattering transform, we show that the KdV flow turns such initial data into a function which is (1) meromorphic (in the space variable) on the whole complex plane if {\\epsilon}>1/2, (2) meromorphic on a strip around the real line if {\\epsilon}=1/2, and (3) Gevrey regular if {\\epsilon}<1/2. Note that q's need not have any decay or pattern of behavior at -\\infty.
Supersymmetric invariant theories
Esipova, S R; Radchenko, O V
2013-01-01
We study field models for which a quantum action (i.e. the action appearing in the generating functional of Green functions) is invariant under supersymmetric transformations. We derive the Ward identity which is direct consequence of this invariance. We consider a change of variables in functional integral connected with supersymmetric transformations when its parameter is replaced by a nilpotent functional of fields. Exact form of the corresponding Jacobian is found. We find restrictions on generators of supersymmetric transformations when a consistent quantum description of given field theories exists.
Supersymmetric invariant theories
Esipova, S. R.; Lavrov, P. M.; Radchenko, O. V.
2014-04-01
We study field models for which a quantum action (i.e. the action appearing in the generating functional of Green functions) is invariant under supersymmetric transformations. We derive the Ward identity which is a direct consequence of this invariance. We consider a change of variables in functional integral connected with supersymmetric transformations when its parameter is replaced by a nilpotent functional of fields. Exact form of the corresponding Jacobian is found. We find restrictions on generators of supersymmetric transformations when a consistent quantum description of given field theories exists.
Asymptotic iteration approach to supersymmetric bistable potentials
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
H. Ciftci; O. ozer; P. Roy
2012-01-01
We examine quasi exactly solvable bistable potentials and their supersymmetric partners within the framework of the asymptotic iteration method (AIM).It is shown that the AIM produces excellent approximate spectra and that sometimes it is found to be more useful to use the partner potential for computation. We also discuss the direct application of the AIM to the Fokker-Planck equation.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
TANG Xiao-Yan; LOU Sen-Yue
2002-01-01
We study the localized coherent structures ofa generally nonintegrable (2+ 1 )-dimensional KdV equation via a variable separation approach. In a special integrable case, the entrance of some arbitrary functions leads to abundant coherent structures. However, in the general nonintegrable case, an additional condition has to be introduced for these arbitrary functions. Although the additional condition has been introduced into the solutions of the nonintegrable KdV equation, there still exist many interesting solitary wave structures. Especially, the nonintegrable KdV equation possesses the breather-like localized excitations, and the similar static ring soliton solutions as in the integrable case. Furthermor,in the integrable case, the interaction between two travelling ring solitons is elastic, while in the nonintegrable case we cannot find even the single travelling ring soliton solution.
Supersymmetric Color Superconductivity
Harnik, R; Murayama, H; Harnik, Roni; Larson, Daniel T.; Murayama, Hitoshi
2004-01-01
Recent interest in novel phases in high density QCD motivates the study of high density supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), where powerful exact results for supersymmetric gauge theories can be brought to bear in the strongly coupled regime. We begin by describing how a chemical potential can be incorporated into a supersymmetric theory as a spurion vector superfield. We then study supersymmetric SU(N_c) gauge theories with N_f flavors of quarks in the presence of a baryon chemical potential mu, and describe the global symmetry breaking patterns at low energy. Our analysis requires mu mu_c. We also give a qualitative description of the phases in the `conformal window', 3/2 N_c < N_f < 3N_c, at finite density.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagger, J.A.
1984-09-01
We begin to construct the most general supersymmetric Lagrangians in one, two and four dimensions. We find that the matter couplings have a natural interpretation in the language of the nonlinear sigma model.
Solitary Wave Solutions of KP equation, Cylindrical KP Equation and Spherical KP Equation
Li, Xiang-Zheng; Zhang, Jin-Liang; Wang, Ming-Liang
2017-02-01
Three (2+1)-dimensional equations-KP equation, cylindrical KP equation and spherical KP equation, have been reduced to the same KdV equation by different transformation of variables respectively. Since the single solitary wave solution and 2-solitary wave solution of the KdV equation have been known already, substituting the solutions of the KdV equation into the corresponding transformation of variables respectively, the single and 2-solitary wave solutions of the three (2+1)-dimensional equations can be obtained successfully. Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 11301153 and the Doctoral Foundation of Henan University of Science and Technology under Grant No. 09001562, and the Science and Technology Innovation Platform of Henan University of Science and Technology under Grant No. 2015XPT001
Renormalizability of Supersymmetric Group Field Cosmology
Upadhyay, Sudhaker
2014-01-01
In this paper we consider the gauge invariant third quantized model of supersymmetric group field cosmology. The supersymmetric BRST invariance for such theory in non-linear gauge is also analysed. The path integral formulation to the case of a multiverse made up of homogeneous and isotropic spacetimes filled with a perfect fluid is presented. The renormalizability for the scattering of universes in multiverse are established with suitably constructed master equations for connected diagrams and proper vertices. The Slavnov-Taylor identities for this theory hold to all orders of radiative corrections.
Renormalizability of supersymmetric group field cosmology
Upadhyay, Sudhaker
2014-03-01
In this paper we consider the gauge invariant third quantized model of supersymmetric group field cosmology. The supersymmetric BRST invariance for such theory in non-linear gauge is also analysed. The path integral formulation to the case of a multiverse made up of homogeneous and isotropic spacetimes filled with a perfect fluid is presented. The renormalizability for the scattering of universes in multiverse are established with suitably constructed master equations for connected diagrams and proper vertices. The Slavnov-Taylor identities for this theory hold to all orders of radiative corrections.
Supersymmetric color superconductivity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Harnik, Roni; Larson, Daniel T.; Murayama, Hitoshi
2003-09-18
Recent interest in novel phases in high density QCD motivates the study of high density supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), where powerful exact results for supersymmetric gauge theories can be brought to bear in the strongly coupled regime. We begin by describing how a chemical potential can be incorporated into a supersymmetric theory as a spurion vector superfield. We then study supersymmetric SU(N{sub c}) gauge theories with N{sub f} flavors of quarks in the presence of a baryon chemical potential {mu}, and describe the global symmetry breaking patterns at low energy. Our analysis requires {mu} < {Lambda} and is thus complementary to the variational approach that has been successful for {mu} >> {Lambda}. We find that for N{sub F} < N{sub c} a modified U(1){sub B} symmetry is preserved, analogous to the non-supersymmetric 2SC phase, whereas for N{sub f} = N{sub c} there is a critical chemical potential above which the U(1){sub B} is broken, as it is in the non-supersymmetric CFL phase. We further analyze the cases with N{sub c} + 1 {le} N{sub f} < 3/2 N{sub c} and find that baryon number is broken dynamically for {mu} > {mu}{sub c}. We also give a qualitative description of the phases in the ''conformal window'', 3/2 N{sub c} < N{sub f} < 3N{sub c}, at finite density.
Noncommutative Korteweg-de-Vries Equation
2000-01-01
We construct a deformation quantized version (ncKdV) of the KdV equation which possesses an infinite set of conserved densities. Solutions of the ncKdV are obtained from solutions of the KdV equation via a kind of Seiberg-Witten map. The ncKdV is related to a modified ncKdV equation by a noncommutative Miura transformation.
Applications of F-expansion method to the coupled KdV system
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Bao-An; Wang Ming-Liang
2005-01-01
An extended F-expansion method for finding periodic wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics is presented, which can be thought of as a concentration of extended Jacobi elliptic function expansion method proposed more recently. By using the homogeneous balance principle and the extended F-expansion, more periodic wave solutions expressed by Jacobi elliptic functions for the coupled KdV equations are derived. In the limit cases, the solitary wave solutions and the other type of travelling wave solutions for the system are also obtained.
Exact Solutions of the Coupled KdV system via a Formally Variable Separation Approach
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LOUSee－Yue; LINJi; 等
2001-01-01
Most of the nonlinear physics systems are essentially nonintegrable.There in no very doog analytical approach to solve nonintegrable system.The variable separation approach is a powerful method in linear physics.In this letter,the formal variable separation approach is established to solve the generalized nonlinear mathematical physics equation.The method is valid not only for integrable models but also for nonintegrable models.Taking a nonintegrable coupled KdV equation system as a simple example,abundant solitary wave solutions and conoid wave solutions are revealed.
Exact Solutions of the Coupled KdV System via a Formally Variable Separation Approach
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LOU Sen-Yue; TANG Xiao-Yan; LIN Ji
2001-01-01
Most of the nonlinear physics systems are essentially nonintegrable. There is no very good analytical approach to solve nonintegrable system. The variable separation approach is a powerful method in linear physics. In this letter, the formal variable separation approach is established to solve the generalized nonlinear mathematical physics equation. The method is valid not only for integrable models but also for nonintegrable models. Taking a nonintegrable coupled KdV equation system as a simple example, abundant solitary wave solutions and conoid wave solutions are revealed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Huizhang Yang
2013-01-01
Full Text Available New Lax pairs of a shallow water wave model of generalized KdV equation type are presented. According to this Lax pair, we constructed a new spectral problem. By using this spectral problem, we constructed Darboux transformation with the help of a gauge transformation. Applying this Darboux transformation, some new exact solutions including double-soliton solution of the shallow water wave model of generalized KdV equation type are obtained. In order to visually show dynamical behaviors of these double soliton solutions, we plot graphs of profiles of them and discuss their dynamical properties.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hongxia Wu
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Two kinds of Darboux-Bäcklund transformations (DBTs are constructed for the q-deformed Nth KdV hierarchy with self-consistent sources (q-NKdVHSCS by using the q-deformed pseudodifferential operators. Note that one of the DBTs provides a nonauto Bäcklund transformation for two q-deformed Nth KdV equations with self-consistent sources (q-NKdVESCS with different degree. In addition, the soliton solution to the first nontrivial equation of q-KdVHSCS is also obtained.
ANALYTICAL SOLUTIONS FOR SOME NONLINEAR EVOLUTION EQUATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
胡建兰; 张汉林
2003-01-01
The following partial differential equations are studied: generaliz ed fifth-orderKdV equation, water wave equation, Kupershmidt equation, couples KdV equation. Theanalytical solutions to these problems via using various ansaiz es by introducing a second-order ordinary differential equation are found out.
Galoisian Approach to Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics
Acosta-Humanez, Primitivo B
2009-01-01
This thesis is concerning to the Differential Galois Theory point of view of the Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics. The main object considered here is the non-relativistic stationary Schr\\"odinger equation, specially the integrable cases in the sense of the Picard-Vessiot theory and the main algorithmic tools used here are the Kovacic algorithm and the \\emph{algebrization method} to obtain linear differential equations with rational coefficients. We analyze the Darboux transformations, Crum iterations and supersymmetric quantum mechanics with their \\emph{algebrized} versions from a Galoisian approach. Applying the algebrization method and the Kovacic's algorithm we obtain the ground state, the set of eigenvalues, eigenfunctions, the differential Galois groups and eigenrings of some Schr\\"odinger equation with potentials such as exactly solvable and shape invariant potentials. Finally, we introduce one methodology to find exactly solvable potentials: to construct other potentials, we apply the algebrization alg...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈继宇; 张涛锋; 孙建安; 石玉仁; 马明义
2011-01-01
采用余弦微分求积法(CDQM)对(1+1)维非线性KdV-Burgers方程进行了数值求解.结果表明,所得数值解与方程的精确解相比具有明显的高精度且稳定性高,相对于其他常用方法,且公式简单,使用方便;计算量小,时间复杂性好.%The cosine expansion based differential quadrature method(CDQM) has been used to obtain numerical solutions to the (1+1)-dimensional nonlinear KdV-Burgers equation. The numerical solutions are compared with the exact solutions, The results show that the numerical solutions are in good agreement with the exact solutions. Compared with some regulate methods, the computation efforts are relatively smaller and the time of computation is shorter, it is also seen that the formulas of the method are very simple and easy to use.
The superposition method in seeking the solitary wave solutions to the KdV-Burgers equation
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Yuanxi Xie; Jilashi Tang
2006-03-01
In this paper, starting from the careful analysis on the characteristics of the Burgers equation and the KdV equation as well as the KdV-Burgers equation, the superposition method is put forward for constructing the solitary wave solutions of the KdV-Burgers equation from those of the Burgers equation and the KdV equation. The solitary wave solutions for the KdV-Burgers equation are presented successfully by means of this method.
Supersymmetric Optical Structures
Miri, Mohammad-Ali; El-Ganainy, Ramy; Christodoulides, Demetrios N
2013-01-01
We show that supersymmetry can provide a versatile platform in synthesizing a new class of optical structures with desired properties and functionalities. By exploiting the intimate relationship between superpatners, one can systematically construct index potentials capable of exhibiting the same scattering and guided wave characteristics. In particular, in the Helmholtz regime, we demonstrate that one-dimensional supersymmetric pairs display identical reflectivities and transmittivities for any angle of incidence. Optical SUSY is then extended to two-dimensional systems where a link between specific azimuthal mode subsets is established. Finally we explore supersymmetric photonic lattices where discreteness can be utilized to design lossless integrated mode filtering arrangements.
Koehn, Michael
2015-01-01
In supersymmetric theories, topological defects can have nontrivial behaviors determined purely by whether or not supersymmetry is restored in the defect core. A well-known example of this is that some supersymmetric cosmic strings are automatically superconducting, leading to important cosmological effects and constraints. We investigate the impact of nontrivial kinetic interactions, present in a number of particle physics models of interest in cosmology, on the relationship between supersymmetry and supercurrents on strings. We find that in some cases it is possible for superconductivity to be disrupted by the extra interactions.
Symmetries of KdV and loop groups
Schiff, J; Schiff, Jeremy; Sci, Comp
1996-01-01
A simple version of the Segal-Wilson map from the SL(2,C) loop group to a class of solutions of the KdV hierarchy is given, clarifying certain aspects of this map. It is explained how the known symmetries, including Backlund transformations, of KdV arise from simple, field independent, actions on the loop group. A variety of issues in understanding the algebraic structure of Backlund transformations are thus resolved.
Solitons induced by boundary conditions from the Boussinesq equation
Chou, Ru Ling; Chu, C. K.
1990-01-01
The behavior of solitons induced by boundary excitation is investigated at various time-dependent conditions and different unperturbed water depths, using the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation. Then, solitons induced from Boussinesq equations under similar conditions were studied, making it possible to remove the restriction in the KdV equation and to treat soliton head-on collisions (as well as overtaking collisions) and reflections. It is found that the results obtained from the KdV and the Boussinesq equations are in good agreement.
New periodic solutions to a generalized Hirota-Satsuma coupled KdV system
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
闫庆友; 张玉峰; 魏小鹏
2003-01-01
Using expansions in terms of the Jacobi elliptic cosine function and third Jacobi elliptic function, some new periodic solutions to the generalized Hirota-Satsuma coupled KdV system are obtained with the help of the algorithm Mathematica. These periodic solutions are also reduced to the bell-shaped solitary wave solutions and kink-shape solitary solutions. As special cases, we obtain new periodic solution, bell-shaped and kink-shaped solitary solutions to the well-known Hirota-Satsuma equations.
Nonlinear Localized Dissipative Structures for Long-Time Solution of Wave Equation
2009-07-01
interesting that the role of the second order term (£0) in equation (2.11) is different from typical nonlinear pde’s studied, such as KdV , that harbor...the commonly used form of the CH equation. An important point is that other nonlinear pde’s like Kdv , which can successfully propagate localized
Steady State Solution for the Weakly Damped Forced Korteweg—de Vries Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
BolingGUO; GuoguangLIN
1998-01-01
The existence and uniqueness of steady state solution for the weakly damped forced KdV equation with a periodic boundary value problems are proved.It is obtained that the every solution of the weakly damped forced KdV equations converges to the steady state soluton as time t→∞。
Supersymmetric Q-Lumps in the Grassmannian nonlinear sigma models
Bak, D; Lee, J; Oh, P; Bak, Dongsu; Hahn, Sang-Ok; Lee, Joohan; Oh, Phillial
2007-01-01
We construct the N=2 supersymmetric Grassmannian nonlinear sigma model for the massless case and extend it to massive N=2 model by adding an appropriate superpotential. We then study their BPS equations leading to supersymmetric Q-lumps carrying both topological and Noether charges. These solutions are shown to be always time dependent even sometimes involving multiple frequencies. Thus we illustrate explicitly that the time dependence is consistent with remaining supersymmetries of solitons.
Supersymmetric composite gauge fields with compensators
Nishino, Hitoshi; Rajpoot, Subhash
2016-06-01
We study supersymmetric composite gauge theory, supplemented with compensator mechanism. As our first example, we give the formulation of N = 1 supersymmetric non-Abelian composite gauge theory without the kinetic term of a non-Abelian gauge field. The important ingredient is the Proca-Stueckelberg-type compensator scalar field that makes the gauge-boson field equation non-singular, i.e., the field equation can be solved for the gauge field algebraically as a perturbative expansion. As our second example, we perform the gauging of chiral-symmetry for N = 1 supersymmetry in four dimensions by a composite gauge field. These results provide supporting evidence for the consistency of the mechanism that combines the composite gauge field formulations and compensator formulations, all unified under supersymmetry.
Boundary conditions for General Relativity on AdS{sub 3} and the KdV hierarchy
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pérez, Alfredo; Tempo, David; Troncoso, Ricardo [Centro de Estudios Científicos (CECs),Av. Arturo Prat 514, Valdivia (Chile)
2016-06-20
It is shown that General Relativity with negative cosmological constant in three spacetime dimensions admits a new family of boundary conditions being labeled by a nonnegative integer k. Gravitational excitations are then described by “boundary gravitons” that fulfill the equations of the k-th element of the KdV hierarchy. In particular, k=0 corresponds to the Brown-Henneaux boundary conditions so that excitations are described by chiral movers. In the case of k=1, the boundary gravitons fulfill the KdV equation and the asymptotic symmetry algebra turns out to be infinite-dimensional, abelian and devoid of central extensions. The latter feature also holds for the remaining cases that describe the hierarchy (k>1). Our boundary conditions then provide a gravitational dual of two noninteracting left and right KdV movers, and hence, boundary gravitons possess anisotropic Lifshitz scaling with dynamical exponent z=2k+1. Remarkably, despite spacetimes solving the field equations are locally AdS, they possess anisotropic scaling being induced by the choice of boundary conditions. As an application, the entropy of a rotating BTZ black hole is precisely recovered from a suitable generalization of the Cardy formula that is compatible with the anisotropic scaling of the chiral KdV movers at the boundary, in which the energy of AdS spacetime with our boundary conditions depends on z and plays the role of the central charge. The extension of our boundary conditions to the case of higher spin gravity and its link with different classes of integrable systems is also briefly addressed.
Nearly Supersymmetric Dark Atoms
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Behbahani, Siavosh R.; Jankowiak, Martin; /SLAC /Stanford U., ITP; Rube, Tomas; /Stanford U., ITP; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC /Stanford U., ITP
2011-08-12
Theories of dark matter that support bound states are an intriguing possibility for the identity of the missing mass of the Universe. This article proposes a class of models of supersymmetric composite dark matter where the interactions with the Standard Model communicate supersymmetry breaking to the dark sector. In these models supersymmetry breaking can be treated as a perturbation on the spectrum of bound states. Using a general formalism, the spectrum with leading supersymmetry effects is computed without specifying the details of the binding dynamics. The interactions of the composite states with the Standard Model are computed and several benchmark models are described. General features of non-relativistic supersymmetric bound states are emphasized.
Gukov, S G
1997-01-01
The evidently supersymmetric four-dimensional Wess-Zumino model with quenched disorder is considered at the one-loop level. The infrared fixed points of a beta-function form the moduli space $M = RP^2$ where two types of phases were found: with and without replica symmetry. While the former phase possesses only a trivial fixed point, this point become unstable in the latter phase which may be interpreted as a spin glass phase.
Decoupling of supersymmetric particles
Dobado, A; Peñaranda, S
1999-01-01
The possibility of a heavy supersymmetric spectrum at the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model is considered and the decoupling from the low energy electroweak scale is analyzed in detail. The formal proof of decoupling of supersymmetric particles from low energy physics is stated in terms of the effective action for the particles of the Standard Model that results by integrating out all the sparticles in the limit where their masses are larger than the electroweak scale. The computation of the effective action for the standard electroweak gauge bosons W^{+-}, Z and \\gamma is performed by integrating out all the squarks, sleptons, charginos and neutralinos to one-loop. The Higgs sector is not considered in this paper. The large sparticle masses limit is also analyzed in detail. Explicit analytical formulae for the two-point functions of the electroweak gauge bosons to be valid in that limit are presented. Finally, the decoupling of sparticles in the S, T and U parameters is studied analitically. A discussion...
Remarks on dispersionless KP, KdV, and 2D gravity
Carroll, R.
1994-12-01
We use the SDiff(2) framework of Takasaki and Takebe and the ( L, M) program ( L is the Lax operator and Mω=ωλ) to show thatmathfrak{M}=semiclassical limit of M ishat ξ + sumnolimits_2^infty {T'_n } λ ^{n - 1} , where (λ , - hat ξ ) are action angle variables in the Gibbons-Kodama theory of Hamilton-Jacobi type for dispersionless KP. We also showhat ξ is the semiclassical limit of WxW -1 ( W is the gauge operator), where G=WxW -1 is a quantity studied by the author in an earlier paper in connection with symmetries. We give then a semiclassical version of the Jevicki-Yoneya action principle for 2D gravity, where againhat ξ arises in calculations, and this yields directly the Landau-Ginsburg equation that corresponds to the semiclassical limit of an integrated string equation. For KdV we also show how inverse scattering data are connected to Hamiltonians for dispersionless KdV. We also discuss Hirota bilinear formulas relative to the dispersionless hierarchies and establish various limiting formulas.
A Hidden Connection between Lax Descriptions and Superextensions of KdV Hierarchy
Huang, Wen-Jui
1996-01-01
A previously unnoticed connection between the Lax descriptions and the superextensions of the KdV hierarchy is presented. It is shown that the two different Lax descriptions of the KdV hierarchy come out naturally from two different bihamiltonian superextensions of the KdV hierarchy. Some implications of this observation are briefly mentioned.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lu Jun-Feng
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we apply the modified variational iteration method to a generalized Hirota-Satsuma coupled Korteweg-de Vries (KdV equation. The numerical solutions of the initial value problem of the generalized Hirota-Satsuma coupled KdV equation are provided. Numerical results are given to show the efficiency of the modified variational iteration method.
Measuring And Explaining The Supersymmetric Lagrangian
Wang, L
2002-01-01
The issues of measuring the supersymmetric Lagrangian once data is available, and making the connections between the low energy effective Lagrangian and fundamental theory, are considered. After a brief introduction to the fundamentals of supersymmetry and overview of Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), case studies in ways of measuring different parameters in the low energy MSSM Lagrangian are presented. They include: measuring CP violation phases and LSP masses in gluino decay; Higgs production and detection; flavor and CP violation in b → sγ processes; signature of cold dark matter in the cosmic rays. Potential ambiguities in the process of recovering the high energy effective Lagrangian from low energy data are discussed. A new basis, which is explicitly independent of unphysical parameters, is proposed to write the renormalization group equations. After a brief survey of some basic issues of string theory phenomenology, a string theory motivated Pati-Salam like model is const...
Quantum Supersymmetric Bianchi IX Cosmology
Damour, Thibault
2014-01-01
We study the quantum dynamics of a supersymmetric squashed three-sphere by dimensionally reducing to one timelike dimension the action of D=4 simple supergravity for a Bianchi IX cosmological model. After imposition of the diffeomorphism constraints, the wave function of the Universe becomes a spinor of Spin(8,4) depending on the three squashing parameters, which satisfies Dirac, and Klein-Gordon-like, wave equations describing the propagation of a quantum spinning particle reflecting off spin-dependent potential walls. The algebra of the susy constraints and of the Hamiltonian one is found to close. One finds that the quantum Hamiltonian is built from operators that generate a 64-dimensional representation of the maximally compact sub-algebra of the rank-3 hyperbolic Kac-Moody algebra AE3. The (quartic-in-fermions) squared-mass term entering the Klein-Gordon-like equation has several remarkable properties: 1)it commutes with all the other (Kac-Moody-related) building blocks of the Hamiltonian; 2)it is a quad...
Harnik, R
2004-01-01
Supersymmetric models have traditionally been assumed to be perturbative up to high scales due to the requirement of calculable unification. In this note I review the recently proposed `Fat Higgs' model which relaxes the requirement of perturbativity. In this framework, an NMSSM-like trilinear coupling becomes strong at some intermediate scale. The NMSSM Higgses are meson composites of an asymptotically-free gauge theory. This allows us to raise the mass of the Higgs, thus alleviating the MSSM of its fine tuning problem. Despite the strong coupling at an intermediate scale, the UV completion allows us to maintain gauge coupling unification.
Generalized Supersymmetric Perturbation Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
B. G(o)n(ǖ)l
2004-01-01
@@ Using the basic ingredient of supersymmetry, a simple alternative approach is developed to perturbation theory in one-dimensional non-relativistic quantum mechanics. The formulae for the energy shifts and wavefunctions do not involve tedious calculations which appear in the available perturbation theories. The model applicable in the same form to both the ground state and excited bound states, unlike the recently introduced supersymmetric perturbation technique which, together with other approaches based on logarithmic perturbation theory, are involved within the more general framework of the present formalism.
Supersymmetric Electroweak Baryogenesis
Rius, N; Rius, Nuria; Sanz, Veronica
2000-01-01
We calculate the baryon asymmetry generated at the electroweak phase transition in the minimal supersymmetric standard model, using a new method to compute the CP-violating asymmetry in the Higgsino flux reflected into the unbroken phase. The method is based on a Higgs insertion expansion. We find that the CP asymmetry at leading order is proportional to the change in $\\tan next-to-leading order this suppression factor disappears. These results explain previous discrepancies among different calculations, and may enhance the final baryon asymmetry generated during the electroweak phase transition.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Yusuf Gurefe; Abdullah Sonmezoglu; Emine Misirli
2011-12-01
In this paper some exact solutions including soliton solutions for the KdV equation with dual power law nonlinearity and the (, ) equation with generalized evolution are obtained using the trial equation method. Also a more general trial equation method is proposed.
Simple Numerical Schemes for the Korteweg-deVries Equation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
C. J. McKinstrie; M. V. Kozlov
2000-12-01
Two numerical schemes, which simulate the propagation of dispersive non-linear waves, are described. The first is a split-step Fourier scheme for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation. The second is a finite-difference scheme for the modified KdV equation. The stability and accuracy of both schemes are discussed. These simple schemes can be used to study a wide variety of physical processes that involve dispersive nonlinear waves.
Operator splitting for partial differential equations with Burgers nonlinearity
Holden, Helge; Risebro, Nils Henrik
2011-01-01
We provide a new analytical approach to operator splitting for equations of the type $u_t=Au+u u_x$ where $A$ is a linear differential operator such that the equation is well-posed. Particular examples include the viscous Burgers' equation, the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation, the Benney-Lin equation, and the Kawahara equation. We show that the Strang splitting method converges with the expected rate if the initial data are sufficiently regular. In particular, for the KdV equation we obtain second-order convergence in $H^r$ for initial data in $H^{r+5}$ with arbitrary $r\\ge 1$.
The Hamiltonian Canonical Form for Euler-Lagrange Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHENG Yu
2002-01-01
Based on the theory of calculus of variation, some suffcient conditions are given for some Euler-Lagrangcequations to be equivalently represented by finite or even infinite many Hamiltonian canonical equations. Meanwhile,some further applications for equations such as the KdV equation, MKdV equation, the general linear Euler Lagrangeequation and the cylindric shell equations are given.
The supersymmetric flavor problem
Dimopoulos, Savas K; Dimopoulos, Savas; Sutter, Dave
1995-01-01
The supersymmetric SU(3)\\times SU(2)\\times U(1) theory with minimal particle content and general soft supersymmetry breaking terms has 110 physical parameters in its flavor sector: 30 masses, 39 real mixing angles and 41 phases. The absence of an experimental indication for the plethora of new parameters places severe constraints on theories posessing Planck or GUT-mass particles and suggests that theories of flavor conflict with naturalness. We illustrate the problem by studying the processes \\mu \\rightarrow e + \\gamma and K^0 - \\bar{K}^0 mixing which are very sensitive probes of Planckian physics: a single Planck mass particle coupled to the electron or the muon with a Yukawa coupling comparable to the gauge coupling typically leads to a rate for \\mu \\rightarrow e + \\gamma exceeding the present experimental limits. A possible solution is that the messengers which transmit supersymmetry breaking to the ordinary particles are much lighter than M_{\\rm Planck}.
Supersymmetrizing Massive Gravity
Malaeb, Ola
2013-01-01
When four scalar fields with global Lorentz symmetry are coupled to gravity and take a vacuum expectation value breaking diffeomorphism invariance spontaneously, the graviton becomes massive. This model is supersymmetrized by considering four N=1 chiral superfields with global Lorentz symmetry. When the scalar components of the chiral multiplets z^A acquire a vacuum expectation value, both diffeomorphism invariance and local supersymmetry are broken spontaneously. The global Lorentz index A becomes identified with the space-time Lorentz index making the scalar fields z^A vectors and the chiral spinors \\psi^A spin-3/2 Rarita-Schwinger fields. The global supersymmetry is promoted to a local one using the rules of tensor calculus of coupling the N=1 supergravity Lagrangian to the four chiral multiplets. We show that the spectrum of the model in the broken phase consists of a massive spin-2 field, two massive spin-3/2 fields with different mass and a massive vector.
Supersymmetric black holes in string theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mohaupt, T. [Theoretical Physics Division, Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Peach Street, Liverpool L69 7ZL (United Kingdom)
2007-05-15
We review recent developments concerning supersymmetric black holes in string theory. After a general introduction to the laws of black hole mechanics and to black hole entropy in string theory, we discuss black hole solutions in N=2 supergravity, special geometry, the black hole attractor equations and the underlying variational principle. Special attention is payed to the crucial role of higher derivative corrections. Finally we discuss black hole partition functions and their relation with the topological string, mainly from the supergravity perspective. We summarize the state of art and discuss various open questions and problems. (Abstract Copyright [2007], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
Supersymmetric mode converters
Heinrich, Matthias; Miri, Mohammad-Ali; Stützer, Simon; Nolte, Stefan; Szameit, Alexander; Christodoulides, Demetrios N.
2015-08-01
In recent years, the ever-increasing demand for high-capacity transmission systems has driven remarkable advances in technologies that encode information on an optical signal. Mode-division multiplexing makes use of individual modes supported by an optical waveguide as mutually orthogonal channels. The key requirement in this approach is the capability to selectively populate and extract specific modes. Optical supersymmetry (SUSY) has recently been proposed as a particularly elegant way to resolve this design challenge in a manner that is inherently scalable, and at the same time maintains compatibility with existing multiplexing strategies. Supersymmetric partners of multimode waveguides are characterized by the fact that they share all of their effective indices with the original waveguide. The crucial exception is the fundamental mode, which is absent from the spectrum of the partner waveguide. Here, we demonstrate experimentally how this global phase-matching property can be exploited for efficient mode conversion. Multimode structures and their superpartners are experimentally realized in coupled networks of femtosecond laser-written waveguides, and the corresponding light dynamics are directly observed by means of fluorescence microscopy. We show that SUSY transformations can readily facilitate the removal of the fundamental mode from multimode optical structures. In turn, hierarchical sequences of such SUSY partners naturally implement the conversion between modes of adjacent order. Our experiments illustrate just one of the many possibilities of how SUSY may serve as a building block for integrated mode-division multiplexing arrangements. Supersymmetric notions may enrich and expand integrated photonics by versatile optical components and desirable, yet previously unattainable, functionalities.
Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics and Topology
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Muhammad Abdul Wasay
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Supersymmetric quantum mechanical models are computed by the path integral approach. In the β→0 limit, the integrals localize to the zero modes. This allows us to perform the index computations exactly because of supersymmetric localization, and we will show how the geometry of target space enters the physics of sigma models resulting in the relationship between the supersymmetric model and the geometry of the target space in the form of topological invariants. Explicit computation details are given for the Euler characteristics of the target manifold and the index of Dirac operator for the model on a spin manifold.
Recursive representation of Wronskians in confluent supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Contreras-Astorga, Alonso; Schulze-Halberg, Axel
2017-03-01
A recursive form of arbitrary-order Wronskian associated with transformation functions in the confluent algorithm of supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY) is constructed. With this recursive form regularity conditions for the generated potentials can be analyzed. Moreover, as byproducts we obtain new representations of solutions to Schrödinger equations that underwent a confluent SUSY-transformation.
The Painlevé property for partial differential equations
Weiss, John; Tabor, M.; Carnevale, George
1983-03-01
In this paper we define the Painlevé property for partial differential equations and show how it determines, in a remarkably simple manner, the integrability, the Bäcklund transforms, the linearizing transforms, and the Lax pairs of three well-known partial differential equations (Burgers' equation, KdV equation, and the modified KdV equation). This indicates that the Painlevé property may provide a unified description of integrable behavior in dynamical systems (ordinary and partial differential equations), while, at the same time, providing an efficient method for determining the integrability of particular systems.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics and paraquantization
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Morchedi, O.; Mebarki, N. [Laboratoire de Physique Mathematique et Subatomique, Mentouri University, Constantine (Algeria)
2012-06-27
The paraquantum Hamiltonian of a free particle is shown to be supersymmetric. Depending on the space-time dimension, the corresponding N=1 and N=2 supercharges are constructed and the related Hamiltonians are derived.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xinzhi Liu
1998-01-01
Full Text Available This paper studies a class of high order delay partial differential equations. Employing high order delay differential inequalities, several oscillation criteria are established for such equations subject to two different boundary conditions. Two examples are also given.
Global KdV flows and stable 2D quantum gravity
Johnson, C V; Wätterstam, A; Johnson, Clifford V.; Morris, Tim R.; W\\"atterstam, Anders
1992-01-01
The string equation for the $[{\\tilde P},Q]=Q$ formulation of non--perturbatively stable 2D quantum gravity coupled to the $(2m-1,2)$ models is studied. Global KdV flows between the appropriate solutions are considered as deformations of two compatible linear problems. It is demonstrated that the necessary conditions for such flows to exist are satisfied. A numerical study reveals such flows between the pole--free solutions of pure gravity ($m=2$), the Lee--Yang edge model ($m=3$) and topological gravity ($m=1$). We conjecture that this is the case for all of the $m$--critical models. As the $m=1$ solution is unique these global flows define a {\\sl unique} solution for each $m$--critical model.
Fan sub-equation method for Wick-type stochastic partial differential equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang Sheng, E-mail: zhshaeng@yahoo.com.c [Department of Mathematics, Bohai University, Jinzhou 121013 (China); School of Mathematical Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhang Hongqing [School of Mathematical Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)
2010-09-13
An improved algorithm is devised for using Fan sub-equation method to solve Wick-type stochastic partial differential equations. Applying the improved algorithm to the Wick-type generalized stochastic KdV equation, we obtain more general Jacobi and Weierstrass elliptic function solutions, hyperbolic and trigonometric function solutions, exponential function solutions and rational solutions.
Lectures on Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory and Integrable Systems
D'Hoker, Eric; Phong, D. H.
Introduction Supersymmetry and the Standard Model Supersymmetry and Unification of Forces Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Dynamics Supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 4 Dimensions Supersymmetry Algebra Massless Particle Representations Massive Particle Representations Field Contents of Supersymmetric Field Theories N = 1 Supersymmetric Lagrangians N = 1 Superfield Methods Irreducible Superfields of N = 1 General N = 1 Susy Lagrangians via Superfields Renormalizable N = 2,4 Susy Lagrangians N = 2 Superfield Methods: Unconstrained Superspace N = 2 Superfield Methods: Harmonic/Analytic Superspaces Seiberg-Witten Theory Wilson Effective Couplings and Actions Holomorphicity and Nonrenormalization Low Energy Dynamics of N = 2 Super-Yang-Mills Particle and Field Contents Form of the N = 2 Low Energy Effective Lagrangian Physical Properties of the Prepotential Electric-Magnetic Duality Monodromy via Elliptic Curves for SU(2) Gauge Group Physical Interpretation of Singularities Hypergeometric Function Representation More General Gauge Groups, Hypermultiplets Model of Riemann Surfaces Identifying Seiberg-Witten and Riemann Surface Data SU(N) Gauge Algebras, Fundamental Hypermultiplets Classical Gauge Algebras, Fundamental Hypermultiplets Mechanical Integrable Systems Lax Pairs with Spectral Parameter-Spectral Curves The Toda Systems The Calogero-Moser Systems for SU(N) Relation between Calogero-Moser and Toda for SU(N) Relations with KdV and KP Systems Calogero-Moser Systems for General Lie Algebras Scaling of Calogero-Moser to Toda for General Lie Algebras Calogero-Moser Lax Pairs for General Lie Algebras Lax Pairs with Spectral Parameter for Classical Lie Algebras The General Ansatz Lax Pairs for Untwisted Calogero-Moser Systems Lax Pairs for Twisted Calogero-Moser Systems Scaling Limits of Lax Pairs Super-Yang-Mills and Calogero-Moser Systems Correspondence of Seiberg-Witten and Integrable Systems Calogero-Moser and Seiberg-Witten Theory for SU(N) Four Fundamental Theorems Partial
Formal initial value problem of the Korteweg-de Vries equation
Kim, Namhoon
2015-02-01
We study the initial value problem of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation on a space of generalized formal power series. We derive an explicit expression of the solution of the KdV equation with an arbitrary initial condition, using a recursively defined sequence of rational functions. From this result one can explain the formal analogues of the direct and inverse scattering transforms, relating the given initial condition to the solution of the formal Gelfand-Levitan-Marchenko equation.
Rigid Supersymmetric Backgrounds of 3-dimensional Newton-Cartan Supergravity
Knodel, Gino; Liu, James T
2015-01-01
Recently, a non-relativistic off-shell formulation of three dimensional Newton-Cartan supergravity was proposed as the $c \\rightarrow \\infty$ limit of three dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity in arXiv:1505.02095. In the present paper we study supersymmetric backgrounds within this theory. Using integrability constraints for the non-relativistic Killing spinor equations, we explicitly construct all maximally supersymmetric solutions, which admit four supercharges. In addition to these solutions, there are $\\frac{1}{2}$-BPS solutions with reduced supersymmetry. We give explicit examples of such backgrounds and derive necessary conditions for backgrounds preserving two supercharges. Finally, we address how supersymmetric backgrounds of $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity are connected to the solutions found here in the $c \\rightarrow \\infty$ limit.
The Supersymmetric Standard Model
Fayet, Pierre
2016-10-01
The Standard Model may be included within a supersymmetric theory, postulating new sparticles that differ by half-a-unit of spin from their standard model partners, and by a new quantum number called R-parity. The lightest one, usually a neutralino, is expected to be stable and a possible candidate for dark matter. The electroweak breaking requires two doublets, leading to several charged and neutral Brout-Englert-Higgs bosons. This also leads to gauge/Higgs unification by providing extra spin-0 partners for the spin-1 W± and Z. It offers the possibility to view, up to a mixing angle, the new 125 GeV boson as the spin-0 partner of the Z under two supersymmetry transformations, i.e. as a Z that would be deprived of its spin. Supersymmetry then relates two existing particles of different spins, in spite of their different gauge symmetry properties, through supersymmetry transformations acting on physical fields in a non-polynomial way. We also discuss how the compactification of extra dimensions, relying on R-parity and other discrete symmetries, may determine both the supersymmetrybreaking and grand-unification scales.
The Supersymmetric Standard Model
Fayet, Pierre
2016-01-01
The Standard Model may be included within a supersymmetric theory, postulating new sparticles that differ by half-a-unit of spin from their standard model partners, and by a new quantum number called R-parity. The lightest one, usually a neutralino, is expected to be stable and a possible candidate for dark matter. The electroweak breaking requires two doublets, leading to several charged and neutral Brout- Englert-Higgs bosons. This also leads to gauge/Higgs unification by providing extra spin-0 partners for the spin-1 W$^\\pm$ and Z. It offers the possibility to view, up to a mixing angle, the new 125 GeV boson as the spin-0 partner of the Z under two supersymmetry transformations, i.e. as a Z that would be deprived of its spin. Supersymmetry then relates two existing particles of different spins, in spite of their different gauge symmetry properties, through supersymmetry transformations acting on physical fields in a non-polynomial way. We also discuss how the compactification of extra dimensions, relying ...
Analytic method for solitary solutions of some partial differential equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ugurlu, Yavuz [Firat University, Department of Mathematics, 23119 Elazig (Turkey); Kaya, Dogan [Firat University, Department of Mathematics, 23119 Elazig (Turkey)], E-mail: dkaya@firat.edu.tr
2007-10-22
In this Letter by considering an improved tanh function method, we found some exact solutions of the clannish random walker's parabolic equation, the modified Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation, and the Sharma-Tasso-Olver (STO) equation with its fission and fusion, the Jaulent-Miodek equation.
Comments on twisted indices in 3d supersymmetric gauge theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Closset, Cyril [Simons Center for Geometry and PhysicsState University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Kim, Heeyeon [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, N2L 2Y5, Ontario (Canada)
2016-08-09
We study three-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on Σ{sub g}×S{sup 1} with a topological twist along Σ{sub g}, a genus-g Riemann surface. The twisted supersymmetric index at genus g and the correlation functions of half-BPS loop operators on S{sup 1} can be computed exactly by supersymmetric localization. For g=1, this gives a simple UV computation of the 3d Witten index. Twisted indices provide us with a clean derivation of the quantum algebra of supersymmetric Wilson loops, for any Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons-matter theory, in terms of the associated Bethe equations for the theory on ℝ{sup 2}×S{sup 1}. This also provides a powerful and simple tool to study 3d N=2 Seiberg dualities. Finally, we study A- and B-twisted indices for N=4 supersymmetric gauge theories, which turns out to be very useful for quantitative studies of three-dimensional mirror symmetry. We also briefly comment on a relation between the S{sup 2}×S{sup 1} twisted indices and the Hilbert series of N=4 moduli spaces.
Quasilinear evolution equations of the third order
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrei V. Faminskii
2007-11-01
Full Text Available The present paper is a survey concerned with certain aspects of solvability and well-posedness of initial and initial-boundary value problems for various quasilinear evolution equations of the third order. This class includes, for example, Korteweg-de Vries (KdV and Zakharov-Kuznetsov (ZK equations.
Supersymmetric vacua in random supergravity
Bachlechner, Thomas C.; Marsh, David; McAllister, Liam; Wrase, Timm
2013-01-01
We determine the spectrum of scalar masses in a supersymmetric vacuum of a general mathcal{N}=1 supergravity theory, with the Kähler potential and superpotential taken to be random functions of N complex scalar fields. We derive a random matrix model for the Hessian matrix and compute the eigenvalue spectrum. Tachyons consistent with the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound are generically present, and although these tachyons cannot destabilize the supersymmetric vacuum, they do influence the likelihood of the existence of an `uplift' to a metastable vacuum with positive cosmological constant. We show that the probability that a supersymmetric AdS vacuum has no tachyons is formally equivalent to the probability of a large fluctuation of the smallest eigenvalue of a certain real Wishart matrix. For normally-distributed matrix entries and any N, this probability is given exactly by P=exp left( {{{{-2{N^2}{{{left| W right|}}^2}}} left/ {{m_{susy}^2}} right.}} right) , with W denoting the superpotential and m susy the supersymmetric mass scale; for more general distributions of the entries, our result is accurate when N ≫ 1. We conclude that for left| W right|gtrsim {{{{m_{susy}}}} left/ {N} right.} , tachyonic instabilities are ubiquitous in configurations obtained by uplifting supersymmetric vacua.
Approximations for strongly-coupled supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Kabat, D; Kabat, Daniel; Lifschytz, Gilad
2000-01-01
We advocate a set of approximations for studying the finite temperature behavior of strongly-coupled theories in 0+1 dimensions. The approximation consists of expanding about a Gaussian action, with the width of the Gaussian determined by a set of gap equations. The approximation can be applied to supersymmetric systems, provided that the gap equations are formulated in superspace. It can be applied to large-N theories, by keeping just the planar contribution to the gap equations. We analyze several models of scalar supersymmetric quantum mechanics, and show that the Gaussian approximation correctly distinguishes between a moduli space, mass gap, and supersymmetry breaking at strong coupling. Then we apply the approximation to a bosonic large-N gauge theory, and argue that a Gross-Witten transition separates the weak-coupling and strong-coupling regimes. A similar transition should occur in a generic large-N gauge theory, in particular in 0-brane quantum mechanics.
Quantum supersymmetric Bianchi IX cosmology
Damour, Thibault; Spindel, Philippe
2014-11-01
We study the quantum dynamics of a supersymmetric squashed three-sphere by dimensionally reducing (to one timelike dimension) the action of D =4 simple supergravity for a S U (2 ) -homogeneous (Bianchi IX) cosmological model. The quantization of the homogeneous gravitino field leads to a 64-dimensional fermionic Hilbert space. After imposition of the diffeomorphism constraints, the wave function of the Universe becomes a 64-component spinor of spin(8,4) depending on the three squashing parameters, which satisfies Dirac-like, and Klein-Gordon-like, wave equations describing the propagation of a "quantum spinning particle" reflecting off spin-dependent potential walls. The algebra of the supersymmetry constraints and of the Hamiltonian one is found to close. One finds that the quantum Hamiltonian is built from operators that generate a 64-dimensional representation of the (infinite-dimensional) maximally compact subalgebra of the rank-3 hyperbolic Kac-Moody algebra A E3 . The (quartic-in-fermions) squared-mass term μ^ 2 entering the Klein-Gordon-like equation has several remarkable properties: (i) it commutes with all the other (Kac-Moody-related) building blocks of the Hamiltonian; (ii) it is a quadratic function of the fermion number NF; and (iii) it is negative in most of the Hilbert space. The latter property leads to a possible quantum avoidance of the singularity ("cosmological bounce"), and suggests imposing the boundary condition that the wave function of the Universe vanish when the volume of space tends to zero (a type of boundary condition which looks like a final-state condition when considering the big crunch inside a black hole). The space of solutions is a mixture of "discrete-spectrum states" (parametrized by a few constant parameters, and known in explicit form) and of continuous-spectrum states (parametrized by arbitrary functions entering some initial-value problem). The predominantly negative values of the squared-mass term lead to a "bottle
Nonlinear waves described by a fifth-order equation derived from the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam system
Volkov, A. K.; Kudryashov, N. A.
2016-04-01
Nonlinear wave processes described by a fifth-order generalized KdV equation derived from the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) model are considered. It is shown that, in contrast to the KdV equation, which demonstrates the recurrence of initial states and explains the FPU paradox, the fifthorder equation fails to pass the Painlevé test, is not integrable, and does not exhibit the recurrence of the initial state. The results of this paper show that the FPU paradox occurs only at an initial stage of a numerical experiment, which is explained by the existence of KdV solitons only on a bounded initial time interval.
On timelike supersymmetric solutions of gauged minimal 5-dimensional supergravity
Chimento, Samuele
2016-01-01
We analyze the timelike supersymmetric solutions of minimal gauged 5-dimensional supergravity for the case in which the K\\"ahler base manifold admits a holomorphic isometry and depends on two real functions satisfying a simple second-order differential equation. Using this general form of the base space, the equations satisfied by the building blocks of the solutions become of, at most, fourth degree and can be solved by simple polynomic ansatzs. In this way we construct two 3-parameter families of solutions that contain almost all the timelike supersymmetric solutions of this theory with one angular momentum known so far and a few more: the (singular) supersymmetric Reissner-Nordstr\\"om-AdS solutions, the three exact supersymmetric solutions describing the three near-horizon geometries found by Gutowski and Reall, three 1-parameter asymptotically-AdS$_{5}$ black-hole solutions with those three near-horizon geometries (Gutowski and Reall's black hole being one of them), three generalizations of the G\\"odel un...
Singular solutions in Casoratian form for two differential-difference equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang Dajun [Department of Mathematics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200436 (China)]. E-mail: djzhang@mail.shu.edu.cn
2005-02-01
Negatons, positons, rational solutions and mixed solutions in Casoratian form for the Toda lattice and the differential-difference KdV equation are obtained. Some characteristics of the obtained singular solutions are investigated through density graphics.
Supersymmetric q-deformed quantum mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Traikia, M. H.; Mebarki, N. [Laboratoire de Physique Mathematique et Subatomique, Mentouri University, Constantine (Algeria)
2012-06-27
A supersymmetric q-deformed quantum mechanics is studied in the weak deformation approximation of the Weyl-Heisenberg algebra. The corresponding supersymmetric q-deformed hamiltonians and charges are constructed explicitly.
The holographic supersymmetric Casimir energy
Benetti Genolini, Pietro; Cassani, Davide; Martelli, Dario; Sparks, James
2017-01-01
We consider a general class of asymptotically locally AdS5 solutions of minimal gauged supergravity, which are dual to superconformal field theories on curved backgrounds S1×M3 preserving two supercharges. We demonstrate that standard holographic renormalization corresponds to a scheme that breaks supersymmetry. We propose new boundary terms that restore supersymmetry, and show that for smooth solutions with topology S1×R4 the improved on-shell action reproduces both the supersymmetric Casimir energy and the field theory supersymmetric relation between charges.
n = 4 supersymmetric FRW model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rosales, J.J.; Pashnev, A. [Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR, Dubna, 141980 (Russian Federation); Tkach, V.I. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Guanajuato, 05315-970 Leon, 66318 Guanajuato (Mexico)]. e-mail: juan@ifug3.ugto.mx, pashnev@thsun1.jinr.ru, vladimir@ifug3.ugto.mx
2003-07-01
In this work we have constructed the n = 4 extended local conformal time supersymmetry for the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmological models. This is based on the superfield construction of the action, which is invariant under world line local n = 4 supersymmetry with SU(2){sub local} X SU(2){sub global} internal subgroup. It is shown that the supersymmetric action has the form of the localized (or superconformal) version of the action for n = 4 supersymmetric quantum mechanics. This superfield procedure provides a well defined scheme for including super matter. (Author)
Traveling Wave Solutions of the Benjamin-Bona-Mahony Water Wave Equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. R. Seadawy
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The modeling of unidirectional propagation of long water waves in dispersive media is presented. The Korteweg-de Vries (KdV and Benjamin-Bona-Mahony (BBM equations are derived from water waves models. New traveling solutions of the KdV and BBM equations are obtained by implementing the extended direct algebraic and extended sech-tanh methods. The stability of the obtained traveling solutions is analyzed and discussed.
Nonlocal Symmetries, Explicit Solutions, and Wave Structures for the Korteweg-de Vries Equation
Ma, Zheng-Yi; Fei, Jin-Xi
2016-08-01
From the known Lax pair of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation, the Lie symmetry group method is successfully applied to find exact invariant solutions for the KdV equation with nonlocal symmetries by introducing two suitable auxiliary variables. Meanwhile, based on the prolonged system, the explicit analytic interaction solutions related to the hyperbolic and Jacobi elliptic functions are derived. Figures show the physical interaction between the cnoidal waves and a solitary wave.
Dynamics of KdV solitons in the presence of a slowly varying potential
Holmer, Justin
2010-01-01
We study the dynamics of solitons as solutions to the perturbed KdV (pKdV) equation $\\partial_t u = -\\partial_x (\\partial_x^2 u + 3u^2-bu)$, where $b(x,t) = b_0(hx,ht)$, $h\\ll 1$ is a slowly varying, but not small, potential. We option an explicit description of the trajectory of the soliton parameters of scale and position on the dynamically relevant time scale $\\delta h^{-1}\\log h^{-1}$, together with an estimate on the error of size $h^{1/2}$. In addition to the Lyapunov analysis commonly applied to these problems, we use a local virial estimate due to Martel-Merle (2005). The results are supported by numerics. The proof does not rely on the inverse scattering machinery and is expected to carry through for the $L^2$ subcritical gKdV-$p$ equation, $1
equation, is structurally simpler and more precise results can be obtained by the method of Holmer-Zworski (2007).
Integrable coupling system of fractional soliton equation hierarchy
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yu Fajun, E-mail: yfajun@163.co [College of Maths and Systematic Science, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang 110034 (China)
2009-10-05
In this Letter, we consider the derivatives and integrals of fractional order and present a class of the integrable coupling system of the fractional order soliton equations. The fractional order coupled Boussinesq and KdV equations are the special cases of this class. Furthermore, the fractional AKNS soliton equation hierarchy is obtained.
Ultradiscrete soliton equations derived from ultradiscrete permanent formulae
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nakamura, Shinya, E-mail: s-nakamura@moegi.waseda.jp [Major in Pure and Applied Mathematics, Graduate School of Fundamental Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1, Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)
2011-07-22
We propose formulae of ultradiscrete permanent. Utilizing the formulae, ultradiscrete soliton equations and their multi-soliton solutions are obtained by a simple process. Changing variables and parameters of the formulae, we can derive the ultradiscrete Toda, KdV and hungry Lotka-Volterra equations. An extended version of the ultradiscrete hungry Lotka-Volterra equation is also proposed.
Integrability of two coupled Kadomtsev–Petviashvili equations
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Abdul-Majid Wazwaz
2011-08-01
The integrability of two coupled KP equations is studied. The simpliﬁed Hereman form of Hirota’s bilinear method is used to examine the integrability of each coupled equation. Multiplesoliton solutions and multiple singular soliton solutions are formally derived for each coupled KdV equation.
Consistent supersymmetric decoupling in cosmology
Sousa Sánchez, Kepa
2012-01-01
The present work discusses several problems related to the stability of ground states with broken supersymmetry in supergravity, and to the existence and stability of cosmic strings in various supersymmetric models. In particular we study the necessary conditions to truncate consistently a sector o
Supersymmetric Vacua in Random Supergravity
Bachlechner, Thomas C; McAllister, Liam; Wrase, Timm
2012-01-01
We determine the spectrum of scalar masses in a supersymmetric vacuum of a general N=1 supergravity theory, with the Kahler potential and superpotential taken to be random functions of N complex scalar fields. We derive a random matrix model for the Hessian matrix and compute the eigenvalue spectrum. Tachyons consistent with the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound are generically present, and although these tachyons cannot destabilize the supersymmetric vacuum, they do influence the likelihood of the existence of an `uplift' to a metastable vacuum with positive cosmological constant. We show that the probability that a supersymmetric AdS vacuum has no tachyons is formally equivalent to the probability of a large fluctuation of the smallest eigenvalue of a certain real Wishart matrix. For normally-distributed matrix entries and any N, this probability is given exactly by P = exp(-2N^2|W|^2/m_{susy}^2), with W denoting the superpotential and m_{susy} the supersymmetric mass scale; for more general distributions of the...
Introduction to Supersymmetric Gauge Theories
Piguet, O
1997-01-01
In these lectures I present a basic introduction to supersymmetry, especially to N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories and their renormalization, in the Wess-Zumino gauge. I also discuss the various ways supersymmetry may be broken in order to account for the lack of exact supersymmetry in the actual world of elementary particles.
Supersymmetric classical mechanics: free case
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rodrigues, R. de Lima [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)]|[Paraiba Univ., Cajazeiras, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Exatas e da Natureza]. E-mail: rafael@cfp.ufpb.br; Almeida, W. Pires de [Paraiba Univ., Cajazeiras, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Exatas e da Natureza; Fonseca Neto, I. [Paraiba Univ., Campina Grande, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica
2001-06-01
We present a review work on Supersymmetric Classical Mechanics in the context of a Lagrangian formalism, with N = 1-supersymmetry. We show that the N = 1 supersymmetry does not allow the introduction of a potencial energy term depending on a single commuting supercoordinate, {phi}(t;{theta}). (author)
Polydimensional Supersymmetric Principles
Pezzaglia, W M
1999-01-01
Systems of equations are invariant under "polydimensional transformations" which reshuffle the geometry such that what is a line or a plane is dependent upon the frame of reference. This leads us to propose an extension of Clifford calculus in which each geometric element (vector, bivector) has its own coordinate. A new classical action principle is proposed in which particles take paths which minimize the distance traveled plus area swept out by the spin. This leads to a solution of the 50 year old conundrum of `what is the correct Lagrangian' in which to derive the Papapetrou equations of motion for spinning particles in curved space (including torsion). Based on talk given at: 5th International Conference on Clifford Algebras and their Applications in Mathematical Physics, Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo, Mexico, June 27-July 4, 1999.
Supersymmetric Perturbations of the M5 brane
Niarchos, Vasilis
2014-01-01
We study long-wavelength supersymmetric deformations of brane solutions in supergravity using an extension of previous ideas within the general scheme of the blackfold approach. As a concrete example, we consider long-wavelength perturbations of the planar M2-M5 bound state solution in eleven-dimensional supergravity. We propose a specific ansatz for the first order deformation of the supergravity fields and explore how this deformation perturbs the Killing spinor equations. We find that a special part of these equations gives a projection equation on the Killing spinors that has the same structure as the $\\kappa$-symmetry condition of the abelian M5 brane theory. Requiring a match between supergravity and gauge theory implies a specific non-linear gauge-gravity map between the bosonic fields of the abelian M5 brane theory and the gravity-induced fluid-like degrees of freedom of the blackfold equations that control the perturbative gravity solution. This observation sheds new light on the SUGRA/DBI correspond...
Supersymmetric inversion of effective-range expansions
Midya, Bikashkali; Abramowicz, Sylvain; Suárez, O L Ramírez; Sparenberg, Jean-Marc
2015-01-01
A complete and consistent inversion technique is proposed to derive an accurate interaction potential from an effective-range function for a given partial wave in the neutral case. First, the effective-range function is Taylor or Pad\\'e expanded, which allows high precision fitting of the experimental scattering phase shifts with a minimal number of parameters on a large energy range. Second, the corresponding poles of the scattering matrix are extracted in the complex wave-number plane. Third, the interaction potential is constructed with supersymmetric transformations of the radial Schr\\"odinger equation. As an illustration, the method is applied to the experimental phase shifts of the neutron-proton elastic scattering in the $^1S_0$ and $^1D_2$ channels on the $[0-350]$ MeV laboratory energy interval.
Alonso-Alberca, N; Ortín, Tomas
2000-01-01
We present warped metrics which solve Einstein equations with arbitrary cosmological constants in both in upper and lower dimensions. When the lower-dimensional metric is the maximally symmetric one compatible with the chosen value of the cosmological constant, the upper-dimensional metric is also the maximally symmetric one and there is maximal unbroken supersymmetry as well. We then introduce brane sources and find solutions with analogous properties, except for supersymmetry, which is generically broken in the orbifolding procedure (one half is preserved in two special cases), and analyze metric perturbations in these backgrounds
Karczewska, Anna; Infeld, Eryk
2015-01-01
It is well known that the KdV equation has an infinite set of conserved quantities. The first three are often considered to represent mass, momentum and energy. Here we try to answer the question of how this comes about, and also how these KdV quantities relate to those of the Euler shallow water equation. Here Luke's Lagrangian is helpful. We also consider higher order extensions of KdV. Though in general not integrable, in some sense they are almost so.
An undular bore solution for the higher-order Korteweg-de Vries equation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Marchant, T R [School of Mathematics and Applied Statistics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, 2522, NSW (Australia); Smyth, N F [School of Mathematics, University of Edinburgh, The King' s Buildings, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JZ (United Kingdom)
2006-09-15
Undular bores describe the evolution and smoothing out of an initial step in mean height and are frequently observed in both oceanographic and meteorological applications. The undular bore solution for the higher-order Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation is derived, using an asymptotic transformation which relates the KdV equation and its higher-order counterpart. The higher-order KdV equation considered includes all possible third-order correction terms (where the KdV equation retains second-order terms). The asymptotic transformation is then applied to the KdV undular bore solution to obtain the higher-order undular bore. Examples of higher-order undular bores, describing both surface and internal waves, are presented. Key properties, such as the amplitude and speed of the lead soliton and the width of the bore, are found. An excellent comparison is obtained between the analytical and numerical solutions. Also, it is illustrated how an asymptotic transformation and numerical solutions can be combined to generate hybrid asymptotic-numerical solutions, thus avoiding the severe instabilities associated with numerical schemes for the higher-order KdV equation. (letter to the editor)
Boussinesq/Boussinesq systems for internal waves with a free surface, and the KdV approximation
Duchene, Vincent
2010-01-01
We study here some asymptotic models for the propagation of internal and surface waves in a two-fluid system. We focus on the so-called long wave regime for one dimensional waves, and consider the case of a flat bottom. Starting from the classical Boussinesq/Boussinesq system, we introduce a new family of equivalent symmetric hyperbolic systems. We study the well-posedness of such systems, and the asymptotic convergence of their solutions towards solutions of the full Euler system. Then, we provide a rigorous justification of the so-called KdV approximation, stating that any bounded solution of the full Euler system can be decomposed into four propagating waves, each of them being well approximated by the solutions of uncoupled Korteweg-de Vries equations. Our method also applies for models with the rigid lid assumption, and the precise behavior of the KdV approximations depending on the depth and density ratios is discussed for both rigid lid and free surface configurations. The fact that we obtain {\\it simu...
Reduction of infinite dimensional equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhongding Li
2006-02-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we use the general Legendre transformation to show the infinite dimensional integrable equations can be reduced to a finite dimensional integrable Hamiltonian system on an invariant set under the flow of the integrable equations. Then we obtain the periodic or quasi-periodic solution of the equation. This generalizes the results of Lax and Novikov regarding the periodic or quasi-periodic solution of the KdV equation to the general case of isospectral Hamiltonian integrable equation. And finally, we discuss the AKNS hierarchy as a special example.
On maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories
Movshev, M
2004-01-01
We consider ten-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory (10D SUSY YM theory) and its dimensional reductions, in particular, BFSS and IKKT models. We formulate these theories using algebraic techniques based on application of differential graded Lie algebras and associative algebras as well as of more general objects, L_{\\infty}- and A_{\\infty}- algebras. We show that using pure spinor formulation of 10D SUSY YM theory equations of motion and isotwistor formalism one can interpret these equations as Maurer-Cartan equations for some differential Lie algebra. This statement can be used to write BV action functional of 10D SUSY YM theory in Chern-Simons form. The differential Lie algebra we constructed is closely related to differential associative algebra Omega of (0, k)-forms on some supermanifold; the Lie algebra is tensor product of Omega and matrix algebra . We construct several other algebras that are quasiisomorphic to Omega and, therefore, also can be used to give BV formulation of 10D SUSY YM theory...
Signals of Supersymmetric Dark Matter
Abbas, A
2000-01-01
The Lightest Supersymmetric Particle predicted in most of the supersymmetric scenarios is an ideal candidate for the dark matter of cosmology. Their detection is of extreme significance today. Recently there have been intriguing signals of a 59 Gev neutralino dark matter at DAMA in Gran Sasso. We look at other possible signatures of dark matter in astrophysical and geological frameworks. The passage of the earth through dense clumps of dark matter would produce large quantities of heat in the interior of this planet through the capture and subsequent annihilation of dark matter particles. This heat would lead to large-scale volcanism which could in turn have caused mass extinctions. The periodicity of such volcanic outbursts agrees with the frequency of palaeontological mass extinctions as well as the observed periodicity in the occurrence of the largest flood basalt provinces on the globe. Binary character of these extinctions is another unique aspect of this signature of dark matter. In addition dark matter...
Supersymmetric Higgs Bosons and Beyond
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Carena, Marcela; /Fermilab /Chicago U., EFI; Kong, Kyoungchul; /Fermilab /SLAC; Ponton, Eduardo; /Columbia U.; Zurita, Jose; /Fermilab /Buenos Aires U.
2010-08-26
We consider supersymmetric models that include particles beyond the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with masses in the TeV range, and that couple significantly to the MSSM Higgs sector. We perform a model-independent analysis of the spectrum and couplings of the MSSM Higgs fields, based on an effective theory of the MSSM degrees of freedom. The tree-level mass of the lightest CP-even state can easily be above the LEP bound of 114 GeV, thus allowing for a relatively light spectrum of superpartners, restricted only by direct searches. The Higgs spectrum and couplings can be significantly modified compared to the MSSM ones, often allowing for interesting new decay modes. We also observe that the gluon fusion production cross section of the SM-like Higgs can be enhanced with respect to both the Standard Model and the MSSM.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yang Xian-Lin; Tang Jia-Shi
2007-01-01
Some new exact solutions of an auxiliary ordinary differential equation are obtained, which were neglected by Sirendaoreji et al in their auxiliary equation method. By using this method and these new solutions the combined Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) and modified KdV (mKdV) equation and (2+1)-dimensional Broer Kaup-Kupershmidt system are investigated and abundant exact travelling wave solutions are obtained that include new solitary wave solutions and triangular periodic wave solutions.
Fun with supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Freedman, B.; Cooper, F.
1984-04-01
The Hamiltonian and path integral approaches to supersymmetric quantum mechanics were reviewed. The related path integrals for the Witten Index and for stochastic processes were discussed and shown to be indications for supersymmetry breakdown. A system where in the superpotential W(x) has assymetrical values at + or - infinity was considered. Nonperturbative strategies for studying supersymmetry breakdown were described. These strategies are based on introducing a lattice and studying the behavior of the ground state energy as the lattice cutoff is removed.
Fun with supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Freedman, B.; Cooper, F.
1984-04-01
One reason for studying supersymmetric quantum mechanics is that there are a class of superpotentials W(x) which behave at large x as x/sup ..cap alpha../ for which we know from general arguments whether SUSY is broken or unbroken. Thus one can use these superpotentials to test various ideas about how to see if supersymmetry is broken in an arbitrary model. Recently, Witten proposed a topological invariant, the Witten index ..delta.. which counts the number of bosons minus the number of fermions having ground state energy zero. Since if supersymmetry is broken, the ground state energy cannot be zero, one expects if ..delta.. is not zero, SUSY is preserved and the theory is not a good candidate for a realistic model. In this study we evaluate ..delta.. for several examples, and show some unexpected peculiarities of the Witten index for certain choice of superpotentials W(x). We also discuss two other nonperturbative methods of studying supersymmetry breakdown. One involves relating supersymmetric quantum mechanics to a stochastic classical problem and the other involves considering a discrete (but not supersymmetric) version of the theory and studying its behavior as one removes the lattice cuttoff. In this survey we review the Hamiltonian and path integral approaches to supersymmetric quantum mechanics. We then discuss the related path integrals for the Witten Index and for stochastic processes and show how they are indications for supersymmetry breakdown. We then discuss a system where the superpotential W(x) has assymetrical values at +-infinity. We finally discuss nonperturbative strategies for studying supersymmetry breakdown based on introducing a lattice and studying the behavior of the ground state energy as the lattice cutoff is removed. 17 references.
Quantum integrability and supersymmetric vacua
Nekrasov, Nikita A.; Shatashvili, Samson L.
2009-01-01
This is an announcement of some of the results of a longer paper where the supersymmetric vacua of two dimensional N=2 susy gauge theories with matter are shown to be in one-to-one correspondence with the eigenstates of integrable spin chain Hamiltonians. The correspondence between the Heisenberg spin chain and the two dimensional U(N) theory with fundamental hypermultiplets is reviewed in detail. We demonstrate the isomorphism of the equivariant quantum cohomology of the cotangent bundle to ...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yusuf Pandir
2012-01-01
Full Text Available We obtain the classification of exact solutions, including soliton, rational, and elliptic solutions, to the one-dimensional general improved Camassa Holm KP equation and KdV equation by the complete discrimination system for polynomial method. In discussion, we propose a more general trial equation method for nonlinear partial differential equations with generalized evolution.
Lorentz violation in supersymmetric field theories.
Nibbelink, Stefan Groot; Pospelov, Maxim
2005-03-04
We construct supersymmetric Lorentz violating operators for matter and gauge fields. We show that in the supersymmetric standard model the lowest possible dimension for such operators is five, and therefore they are suppressed by at least one power of an ultraviolet energy scale, providing a possible explanation for the smallness of Lorentz violation and its stability against radiative corrections. Supersymmetric Lorentz noninvariant operators do not lead to modifications of dispersion relations at high energies thereby escaping constraints from astrophysical searches for Lorentz violation.
On Supersymmetric Geometric Flows and $\\mathcal{R}^2$ Inflation From Scale Invariant Supergravity
Rajpoot, Subhash
2016-01-01
Models of geometric flows pertaining to $\\mathcal{R}^2$ scale invariant (super) gravity theories coupled to conformally invariant matter fields are investigated. Related to this work are supersymmetric scalar manifolds that are isomorphic to the K\\"{a}hlerian spaces $\\mathcal{M}_n=SU(1,1+k)/U(1)\\times SU(1+k)$ as generalizations of the non-supersymmetric analogs with $SO(1,1+k)/SO(1+k)$ manifolds. For curved superspaces with geometric evolution of physical objects, a complete supersymmetric theory has to be elaborated on nonholonomic (super) manifolds and bundles determined by non-integrable superdistributions with additional constraints on (super) field dynamics and geometric evolution equations. We also consider generalizations of Perelman's functionals using such nonholonomic variables which result in the decoupling of geometric flow equations and Ricci soliton equations with supergravity modifications of the $R^2$ gravity theory. As such, it is possible to construct exact non-homogeneous and locally aniso...
Instanton Corrected Non-Supersymmetric Attractors
Dominic, Pramod
2010-01-01
We discuss non-supersymmetric attractors with an instanton correction in Type IIA string theory compactified on a Calabi-Yau three-fold at large volume. For a stable non-supersymmetric black hole, the attractor point must minimize the effective black hole potential. We study the supersymmetric as well as non-supersymmetric attractors for the D0-D4 system with instanton corrections. We show that in simple models, like the STU model, the flat directions of the mass matrix can be lifted by a suitable choice of the instanton parameters.
Duality in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Peskin, M.E.
1997-02-01
These lectures provide an introduction to the behavior of strongly-coupled supersymmetric gauge theories. After a discussion of the effective Lagrangian in nonsupersymmetric and supersymmetric field theories, the author analyzes the qualitative behavior of the simplest illustrative models. These include supersymmetric QCD for N{sub f} < N{sub c}, in which the superpotential is generated nonperturbatively, N = 2 SU(2) Yang-Mills theory (the Seiberg-Witten model), in which the nonperturbative behavior of the effect coupling is described geometrically, and supersymmetric QCD for N{sub f} large, in which the theory illustrates a non-Abelian generalization of electric-magnetic duality. 75 refs., 12 figs.
Compactons in PT-symmetric generalized Korteweg-de Vries equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Saxena, Avadh B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mihaila, Bogdan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bender, Carl M [WASHINGTON UNIV; Cooper, Fred [SANTA FE INSTITUTE; Khare, Avinash [INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS
2008-01-01
In an earlier paper Cooper, Shepard, and Sodano introduced a generalized KdV equation that can exhibit the kinds of compacton solitary waves that were first seen in equations studied by Rosenau and Hyman. This paper considers the PT-symmetric extensions of the equations examined by Cooper, Shepard, and Sodano. From the scaling properties of the PT-symmetric equations a general theorem relating the energy, momentum, and velocity of any solitary-wave solution of the generalized KdV equation is derived, and it is shown that the velocity of the solitons is determined by their amplitude, width, and momentum.
Compactons in PT-symmetric generalized Korteweg-de Vries equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Saxena, Avadh B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mihaila, Bogdan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bender, Carl M [WASHINGTON UNIV; Cooper, Fred [SANTA FE INSTITUTE; Khare, Avinash [INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS
2008-01-01
In an earlier paper Cooper, Shepard, and Sodano introduced a generalized KdV equation that can exhibit the kinds of compacton solitary waves that were first seen in equations studied by Rosenau and Hyman. This paper considers the PT-symmetric extensions of the equations examined by Cooper, Shepard, and Sodano. From the scaling properties of the PT-symmetric equations a general theorem relating the energy, momentum, and velocity of any solitary-wave solution of the generalized KdV equation is derived, and it is shown that the velocity of the solitons is determined by their amplitude, width, and momentum.
Solutions of the Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation with Prescribed Asymptotics at Infinity
Gonzalez, John B
2009-01-01
We prove local existence and uniqueness of solutions for the one-dimensional nonlinear Schr\\"odinger (NLS) equations $iu_t + u_{xx} \\pm |u|^2 u = 0$ in classes of smooth functions that admit an asymptotic expansion at infinity in decreasing powers of $x$. We show that an asymptotic solution differs from a genuine solution by a Schwartz class function which solves a generalized version of the NLS equation. The latter equation is solved by discretization methods. The proofs closely follow previous work done by the author and others on the Korteweg-De Vries (KdV) equation and the modified KdV equations.
Algebraic Approaches to Partial Differential Equations
Xu, Xiaoping
2012-01-01
Partial differential equations are fundamental tools in mathematics,sciences and engineering. This book is mainly an exposition of the various algebraic techniques of solving partial differential equations for exact solutions developed by the author in recent years, with emphasis on physical equations such as: the Calogero-Sutherland model of quantum many-body system in one-dimension, the Maxwell equations, the free Dirac equations, the generalized acoustic system, the Kortweg and de Vries (KdV) equation, the Kadomtsev and Petviashvili (KP) equation, the equation of transonic gas flows, the short-wave equation, the Khokhlov and Zabolotskaya equation in nonlinear acoustics, the equation of geopotential forecast, the nonlinear Schrodinger equation and coupled nonlinear Schrodinger equations in optics, the Davey and Stewartson equations of three-dimensional packets of surface waves, the equation of the dynamic convection in a sea, the Boussinesq equations in geophysics, the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations...
Supersymmetric Theory of Stochastic ABC Model: A Numerical Study
Ovchinnikov, Igor V; Ensslin, Torsten A; Wang, Kang L
2016-01-01
In this paper, we investigate numerically the stochastic ABC model, a toy model in the theory of astrophysical kinematic dynamos, within the recently proposed supersymmetric theory of stochastics (STS). STS characterises stochastic differential equations (SDEs) by the spectrum of the stochastic evolution operator (SEO) on elements of the exterior algebra or differentials forms over the system's phase space, X. STS can thereby classify SDEs as chaotic or non-chaotic by identifying the phenomenon of stochastic chaos with the spontaneously broken topological supersymmetry that all SDEs possess. We demonstrate the following three properties of the SEO, deduced previously analytically and from physical arguments: the SEO spectra for zeroth and top degree forms never break topological supersymmetry, all SDEs possesses pseudo-time-reversal symmetry, and each de Rahm cohomology class provides one supersymmetric eigenstate. Our results also suggests that the SEO spectra for forms of complementary degrees, i.e., k and ...
Supersymmetric quantum spin chains and classical integrable systems
Tsuboi, Zengo; Zabrodin, Anton; Zotov, Andrei
2015-05-01
For integrable inhomogeneous supersymmetric spin chains (generalized graded magnets) constructed employing Y( gl( N| M))-invariant R-matrices in finite-dimensional representations we introduce the master T-operator which is a sort of generating function for the family of commuting quantum transfer matrices. Any eigenvalue of the master T-operator is the tau-function of the classical mKP hierarchy. It is a polynomial in the spectral parameter which is identified with the 0-th time of the hierarchy. This implies a remarkable relation between the quantum supersymmetric spin chains and classical many-body integrable systems of particles of the Ruijsenaars-Schneider type. As an outcome, we obtain a system of algebraic equations for the spectrum of the spin chain Hamiltonians.
Supersymmetric quantum spin chains and classical integrable systems
Tsuboi, Zengo; Zotov, Andrei
2014-01-01
For integrable inhomogeneous supersymmetric spin chains (generalized graded magnets) constructed employing Y(gl(N|M))-invariant R-matrices in finite-dimensional representations we introduce the master T-operator which is a sort of generating function for the family of commuting quantum transfer matrices. Any eigenvalue of the master T-operator is the tau-function of the classical mKP hierarchy. It is a polynomial in the spectral parameter which is identified with the 0-th time of the hierarchy. This implies a remarkable relation between the quantum supersymmetric spin chains and classical many-body integrable systems of particles of the Ruijsenaars-Schneider type. As an outcome, we obtain a system of algebraic equations for the spectrum of the spin chain Hamiltonians.
Mixed Solutions in the Wronskian Form for a Nonisospectral Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张大军
2004-01-01
N-soliton solutions in the Wronskian form for the KdV equation with loss and nonuniformity terms were obtained. New rational-like solutions and mixed solutions were further derived. All these solutions were verified by direct substitutions into bilinear equation.
Soliton Collisions in the Ion Acoustic Plasma Equations
Li, Y; Li, Yi
1999-01-01
Numerical experiments involving the interaction of two solitary waves of the ion acoustic plasma equations are described. An exact 2-soliton solution of the relevant KdV equation was fitted to the initial data, and good agreement was maintained throughout the entire interaction. The data demonstrates that the soliton interactions are virtually elastic
Exact solutions for nonlinear partial fractional differential equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Khaled A.Gepreel; Saleh Omran
2012-01-01
In this article,we use the fractional complex transformation to convert nonlinear partial fractional differential equations to nonlinear ordinary differential equations.We use the improved (G’/G)-expansion function method to calculate the exact solutions to the time-and space-fractional derivative foam drainage equation and the time-and space-fractional derivative nonlinear KdV equation.This method is efficient and powerful for solving wide classes of nonlinear evolution fractional order equations.
Geloun, Joseph Ben; Scholtz, Frederik G
2009-01-01
The N=1 supersymmetric invariant Landau problem is constructed and solved. By considering Landau level projections remaining non trivial under N=1 supersymmetry transformations, the algebraic structures of the N=1 supersymmetric covariant non(anti)commutative superplane analogue of the ordinary N=0 noncommutative Moyal-Voros plane are identified.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
ABDUL-MAJID WAZWAZ
2016-11-01
We develop breaking soliton equations and negative-order breaking soliton equations of typical and higher orders. The recursion operator of the KdV equation is used to derive these models.We establish the distinctdispersion relation for each equation. We use the simplified Hirota’s method to obtain multiple soliton solutions for each developed breaking soliton equation. We also develop generalized dispersion relations for the typical breaking soliton equations and the generalized negative-order breaking soliton equations. The results provide useful information on the dynamics of the relevant nonlinear negative-order equations.
Supersymmetric Adler Functions and Holography
Iwanaga, Masaya; Sakai, Tadakatsu
2016-01-01
We perform several tests on a recent proposal by Shifman and Stepanyantz for an exact expression for the current correlation functions in supersymmetric gauge theories. We clarify the meaning of the relation in superconformal theories. In particular we show that it automatically follows from known relations between the current correlation functions and anomalies. It therefore also automatically matches between different dual realizations of the same superconformal theory. We use holographic examples as well as calculations in free theories to show that the proposed relation fails in theories with mass terms.
Adding momentum to supersymmetric geometries
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lunin, Oleg, E-mail: olunin@albany.edu [Department of Physics, University at Albany (SUNY), Albany, NY 12222 (United States); Mathur, Samir D., E-mail: mathur.16@osu.edu [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Turton, David, E-mail: turton.7@osu.edu [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)
2013-03-11
We consider general supersymmetric solutions to minimal supergravity in six dimensions, trivially lifted to IIB supergravity. To any such solution we add a traveling wave deformation involving the additional directions. The deformed solution is given in terms of a function which is harmonic in the background geometry. We also present a family of explicit examples describing microstates of the D1-D5 system on T{sup 4}. In the case where the background contains a large AdS region, the deformation is identified as corresponding to an action of a U(1) current of the D1-D5 orbifold CFT on a given state.
Adding momentum to supersymmetric geometries
Lunin, Oleg; Turton, David
2012-01-01
We consider general supersymmetric solutions to minimal supergravity in six dimensions, trivially lifted to IIB supergravity. To any such solution we add a travelling-wave deformation involving the additional directions. The deformed solution is given in terms of a function which is harmonic in the background geometry. We also present a family of explicit examples describing microstates of the D1-D5 system on T^4. In the case where the background contains a large AdS region, the deformation is identified as corresponding to an action of a U(1) current of the D1-D5 orbifold CFT on a given state.
Electroweak breaking in supersymmetric models
Ibáñez, L E
1992-01-01
We discuss the mechanism for electroweak symmetry breaking in supersymmetric versions of the standard model. After briefly reviewing the possible sources of supersymmetry breaking, we show how the required pattern of symmetry breaking can automatically result from the structure of quantum corrections in the theory. We demonstrate that this radiative breaking mechanism works well for a heavy top quark and can be combined in unified versions of the theory with excellent predictions for the running couplings of the model. (To be published in ``Perspectives in Higgs Physics'', G. Kane editor.)
The holographic supersymmetric Casimir energy
Genolini, Pietro Benetti; Martelli, Dario; Sparks, James
2016-01-01
We consider a general class of asymptotically locally AdS_5 solutions of minimal gauged supergravity, that are dual to superconformal field theories on curved backgrounds S^1 x M_3 preserving two supercharges. We demonstrate that standard holographic renormalization corresponds to a scheme that breaks supersymmetry. We propose new boundary terms that restore supersymmetry, and show that for smooth solutions with topology S^1 x R^4 the improved on-shell action reproduces both the supersymmetric Casimir energy and the field theory BPS relation between charges.
Supersymmetric photonic signals at LEP
López, J; Zichichi, Antonino
1996-01-01
We explore and contrast the single-photon and diphoton signals expected at LEP 2, that arise from neutralino-gravitino (e^+ e^- -> chi + gravitino -> gamma + E_miss) and neutralino-neutralino (e^+ e^- -> chi + chi -> gamma + gamma + E_miss) production in supersymmetric models with a light gravitino. LEP 1 limits imply that one may observe either one, but not both, of these signals at LEP 2, depending on the values of the neutralino and gravitino masses: single-photons for m_chi > Mz and m_gravitino < 3 x 10^-5 eV; diphotons for m_chi < Mz and all allowed values of m_gravitino.
Nonholonomic deformation of generalized KdV-type equations
Guha, Partha
2009-08-01
Karasu-Kalkani et al (2008 J. Math. Phys. 49 073516) recently derived a new sixth-order wave equation KdV6, which was shown by Kupershmidt (2008 Phys. Lett. 372A 2634) to have an infinite commuting hierarchy with a common infinite set of conserved densities. Incidentally, this equation was written for the first time by Calogero and is included in the book by Calogero and Degasperis (1982 Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol 144 (Amsterdam: North-Holland) p 516). In this paper, we give a geometric insight into the KdV6 equation. Using Kirillov's theory of coadjoint representation of the Virasoro algebra, we show how to obtain a large class of KdV6-type equations equivalent to the original equation. Using a semidirect product extension of the Virasoro algebra, {\\widehat{Vir \\ltimes C^{\\infty}(S^1)}} , we propose the nonholonomic deformation of the Ito equation. We also show that the Adler-Kostant-Symes scheme provides a geometrical method for constructing nonholonomic deformed integrable systems. Applying the Adler-Kostant-Symes scheme to loop algebra, we construct a new nonholonomic deformation of the coupled KdV equation.
Supersymmetric R4-actions in ten dimensions
Roo, M. de; Suelmann, H.; Wiedemann, A.
1992-01-01
We construct supersymmetric R+R4-actions in ten dimensions. Two invariants, of which the bosonic parts are known from string amplitude and sigma model calculations, are obtained. One of these invariants can be generalized to an R+F2+F4-invariant for supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to superg
Supersymmetric features of Maxwell fisheye lens
Rosu, H C; Wolf, K B; Obregón, O; Rosu, Haret C; Reyes, M; Wolf, K B; Obregon, O
1995-01-01
Following L\\'evai, we apply a Natanzon-type supersymmetric analysis to the Maxwell fisheye wave problem at zero energy. Working in the so-called R_{0}=0 sector, we obtain the corresponding superpartner (fermionic) fisheye scattering potential within the standard one-dimensional (radial) supersymmetric procedure.
N=1 Supersymmetric Boundary Bootstrap
Toth, G Z
2004-01-01
We investigate the boundary bootstrap programme for finding exact reflection matrices of integrable boundary quantum field theories with N=1 boundary supersymmetry. The bulk S-matrix and the reflection matrix are assumed to take the form S=S_1S_0, R=R_1R_0, where S_0 and R_0 are the S-matrix and reflection matrix of some integrable non-supersymmetric boundary theory that is assumed to be known, and S_1 and R_1 describe the mixing of supersymmetric indices. Under the assumption that the bulk particles transform in the kink and boson/fermion representations and the ground state is a singlet we present rules by which the supersymmetry representations and reflection factors for excited boundary bound states can be determined. We apply these rules to the boundary sine-Gordon model, to the boundary a_2^(1) and a_4^(1) affine Toda field theories, to the boundary sinh-Gordon model and to the free particle.
A Maximally Supersymmetric Kondo Model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Harrison, Sarah; Kachru, Shamit; Torroba, Gonzalo; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC
2012-02-17
We study the maximally supersymmetric Kondo model obtained by adding a fermionic impurity to N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. While the original Kondo problem describes a defect interacting with a free Fermi liquid of itinerant electrons, here the ambient theory is an interacting CFT, and this introduces qualitatively new features into the system. The model arises in string theory by considering the intersection of a stack of M D5-branes with a stack of N D3-branes, at a point in the D3 worldvolume. We analyze the theory holographically, and propose a dictionary between the Kondo problem and antisymmetric Wilson loops in N = 4 SYM. We perform an explicit calculation of the D5 fluctuations in the D3 geometry and determine the spectrum of defect operators. This establishes the stability of the Kondo fixed point together with its basic thermodynamic properties. Known supergravity solutions for Wilson loops allow us to go beyond the probe approximation: the D5s disappear and are replaced by three-form flux piercing a new topologically non-trivial S3 in the corrected geometry. This describes the Kondo model in terms of a geometric transition. A dual matrix model reflects the basic properties of the corrected gravity solution in its eigenvalue distribution.
Inversion of the linearized Korteweg-de Vries equation at the multi-soliton solutions
Haragus-Courcelle, M
1998-01-01
Uniform estimates for the decay structure of the $n$-soliton solution of the Korteweg-deVries equation are obtained. The KdV equation, linearized at the $n$-soliton solution is investigated in a class $\\WW$ consisting of sums of travelling waves plus an exponentially decaying residual term. An analog of the kernel of the time-independent equation is proposed, leading to solvability conditions on the inhomogeneous term. Estimates on the inversion of the linearized KdV equation at the $n$-soliton are obtained.
Generalized Kudryashov Method for Time-Fractional Differential Equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Seyma Tuluce Demiray
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In this study, the generalized Kudryashov method (GKM is handled to find exact solutions of time-fractional Burgers equation, time-fractional Cahn-Hilliard equation, and time-fractional generalized third-order KdV equation. These time-fractional equations can be turned into another nonlinear ordinary differantial equation by travelling wave transformation. Then, GKM has been implemented to attain exact solutions of time-fractional Burgers equation, time-fractional Cahn-Hilliard equation, and time-fractional generalized third-order KdV equation. Also, some new hyperbolic function solutions have been obtained by using this method. It can be said that this method is a generalized form of the classical Kudryashov method.
A Chargeless Complex Vector Matter Field in Supersymmetric Scenario
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
L. P. Colatto
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We construct and study a formulation of a chargeless complex vector matter field in a supersymmetric framework. To this aim we combine two nochiral scalar superfields in order to take the vector component field to build the chargeless complex vector superpartner where the respective field strength transforms into matter fields by a global U1 gauge symmetry. For the aim of dealing with consistent terms without breaking the global U1 symmetry we imposes a choice to the complex combination revealing a kind of symmetry between the choices and eliminates the extra degrees of freedom which is consistent with the supersymmetry. As the usual case the mass supersymmetric sector contributes as a complement to dynamics of the model. We obtain the equations of motion of the Proca’s type field for the chiral spinor fields and for the scalar field on the mass-shell which show the same mass as expected. This work establishes the first steps to extend the analysis of charged massive vector field in a supersymmetric scenario.
Khan, Md Abdul
2015-01-01
Bound state properties of few single and double-$\\Lambda$ hypernuclei is critically examined in the framework of core-$\\Lambda$ and core+$\\Lambda+\\Lambda$ few-body model applying hyperspherical harmonics expansion method (HHEM). The $\\Lambda\\Lambda$ potential is chosen phenomenologically while the core-$\\Lambda$ potential is obtained by folding a phenomenological $\\Lambda N$ interaction into the density distribution of the core. The depth of the effective $\\Lambda N$ potential is adjusted to reproduce the experimental data for the core-$\\Lambda$ subsystem. The three-body Schr\\"odinger equation is solved by hyperspherical adiabatic approximation (HAA) to get the ground state energy and wave function. The ground state wavefunction is used to construct the supersymmetric partner potential following prescription of supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SSQM) algebra. The newly constructed supersymmetric partner potential is used to solve the three-body Schr\\"odinger equation to get the energy and wavefunction for the...
Critical behavior of supersymmetric O(N) models in the large-N limit
Litim, Daniel F; Synatschke-Czerwonka, Franziska; Wipf, Andreas
2011-01-01
We derive a supersymmetric renormalization group (RG) equation for the scale-dependent superpotential of the supersymmetric O(N) model in three dimensions. For a supersymmetric optimized regulator function we solve the RG equation for the superpotential exactly in the large-N limit. The fixed-point solutions are classified by an exactly marginal coupling. In the weakly coupled regime there exists a unique fixed point solution, for intermediate couplings we find two separate fixed point solutions and in the strong coupling regime no globally defined fixed-point potentials exist. We determine the exact critical exponents both for the superpotential and the associated scalar potential. Finally we relate the high-temperature limit of the four-dimensional theory to the Wilson-Fisher fixed point of the purely scalar theory.
Asymptotic solitons for a third-order Korteweg-de Vries equation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Marchant, T.R. E-mail: tim_marchant@uow.edu.au
2004-10-01
Solitary wave interaction for a higher-order version of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation is considered. The equation is obtained by retaining third-order terms in the perturbation expansion, where for the KdV equation only first-order terms are retained. The third-order KdV equation can be asymptotically transformed to the KdV equation, if the third-order coefficients satisfy a certain algebraic relationship. The third-order two-soliton solution is derived using the transformation. The third-order phase shift corrections are found and it is shown that the collision is asymptotically elastic. The interaction of two third-order solitary waves is also considered numerically. Examples of an elastic and an inelastic collision are both considered. For the elastic collision (which satisfies the algebraic relationship) the numerical results confirm the theoretical predictions, in particular there is good agreement found when comparing the third-order phase shift corrections. For the inelastic collision (which does not satisfy the algebraic relationship) an oscillatory wavetrain is produced by the interacting solitary waves. Also, the third-order phase shift corrections are found numerically for a range of solitary wave amplitudes. An asymptotic mass-conservation law is used to test the finite-difference scheme for the numerical solutions. In general, mass is not conserved by the third-order KdV equation, but varies during the interaction of the solitary waves.
Soliton equations and Hamiltonian systems
Dickey, L A
2002-01-01
The theory of soliton equations and integrable systems has developed rapidly during the last 30 years with numerous applications in mechanics and physics. For a long time, books in this field have not been written but the flood of papers was overwhelming: many hundreds, maybe thousands of them. All this output followed one single work by Gardner, Green, Kruskal, and Mizura on the Korteweg-de Vries equation (KdV), which had seemed to be merely an unassuming equation of mathematical physics describing waves in shallow water. Besides its obvious practical use, this theory is attractive also becau
New exact solutions to some difference differential equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wang Zhen; Zhang Hong-Qing
2006-01-01
In this paper, we use our method to solve the extended Lotka-Volterra equation and discrete KdV equation. With the help of Maple, we obtain a number of exact solutions to the two equations including soliton solutions presented by hyperbolic functions of sinh and cosh, periodic solutions presented by trigonometric functions of sin and cos, and rational solutions. This method can be used to solve some other nonlinear difference-differential equations.
Introduction to Supersymmetric Theory of Stochastics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Igor V. Ovchinnikov
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Many natural and engineered dynamical systems, including all living objects, exhibit signatures of what can be called spontaneous dynamical long-range order (DLRO. This order’s omnipresence has long been recognized by the scientific community, as evidenced by a myriad of related concepts, theoretical and phenomenological frameworks, and experimental phenomena such as turbulence, 1/f noise, dynamical complexity, chaos and the butterfly effect, the Richter scale for earthquakes and the scale-free statistics of other sudden processes, self-organization and pattern formation, self-organized criticality, etc. Although several successful approaches to various realizations of DLRO have been established, the universal theoretical understanding of this phenomenon remained elusive. The possibility of constructing a unified theory of DLRO has emerged recently within the approximation-free supersymmetric theory of stochastics (STS. There, DLRO is the spontaneous breakdown of the topological or de Rahm supersymmetry that all stochastic differential equations (SDEs possess. This theory may be interesting to researchers with very different backgrounds because the ubiquitous DLRO is a truly interdisciplinary entity. The STS is also an interdisciplinary construction. This theory is based on dynamical systems theory, cohomological field theories, the theory of pseudo-Hermitian operators, and the conventional theory of SDEs. Reviewing the literature on all these mathematical disciplines can be time consuming. As such, a concise and self-contained introduction to the STS, the goal of this paper, may be useful.
Detection of supersymmetric dark matter.
Xinrui, Hou; Li, Xueqian; Xinhe, Meng; Zhijian, Tao
1997-10-01
A re-analysis of a heavy charged particle production event observed at the cloudy chamber of the Yunnan Cosmic Ray Station (YCRS) in 1972 indicates that the mysterious heavy particle may be identified as a supersymmetric (SUSY) particle produced by bombarding a neutral SUSY cosmic ray particle on a proton. Based on the assumption, following literature studies that the neutral SUSY particle which constitutes the main fraction of the cold dark matter is a scalar neutrino (sneutrino) or neutralino (photino), the authors evaluate the flux of such SUSY particles which gain sufficient energies via elastic scattering with charged cosmic particles on the way to an Earth detector and the capture rates in both the sneutrino and photino cases respectively. The errors appearing in the study are briefly discussed and this work may provide a basis of designing cosmic ray detectors to search for SUSY particles.
Non-Supersymmetric Stringy Attractors
Dominic, Pramod
2011-01-01
In this paper we examine the stability of non-supersymmetric attractors in type IIA supergravity compactified on a Calabi-Yau manifold, in the presence of sub-leading corrections to the N=$ pre-potential. We study black hole configurations carrying D0-D6 and D0-D4 charges. We consider the O(1) corrections to the pre-potential given by the Euler number of the Calabi-Yau manifold. We argue that such corrections in general can not lift the zero modes for the D0-D6 attractors. However, for the attractors carrying the D0-D4 charges, they affect the zero modes in the vector multiplet sector. We show that, in the presence of such O(1) corrections, the D0-D4 attractors can either be stable or unstable depending on the geometry of the underlying Calabi-Yau manifold, and on the specific values of the charges they carry.
Instability of supersymmetric microstate geometries
Eperon, Felicity C; Santos, Jorge E
2016-01-01
We investigate the classical stability of supersymmetric, asymptotically flat, microstate geometries with five non-compact dimensions. Such geometries admit an "evanescent ergosurface": a timelike hypersurface of infinite redshift. On such a surface, there are null geodesics with zero energy relative to infinity. These geodesics are stably trapped in the potential well near the ergosurface. We present a heuristic argument indicating that this feature is likely to lead to a nonlinear instability of these solutions. We argue that the precursor of such an instability can be seen in the behaviour of linear perturbations: nonlinear stability would require that all linear perturbations decay sufficiently rapidly but the stable trapping implies that some linear perturbation decay very slowly. We study this in detail for the most symmetric microstate geometries. By constructing quasinormal modes of these geometries we show that generic linear perturbations decay slower than any inverse power of time.
Supersymmetric Sneutrino-Higgs Inflation
Deen, Rehan; Purves, Austin
2016-01-01
It is shown that in the phenomenologically realistic supersymmetric $B-L$ MSSM theory, a linear combination of the neutral, up Higgs field with the third family left-and right-handed sneutrinos can play the role of the cosmological inflaton. Assuming that supersymmetry is softly broken at a mass scale of order $10^{13}~\\mathrm{GeV}$, the potential energy associated with this field allows for 60 e-foldings of inflation with the cosmological parameters being consistent with all Planck2015 data. The theory does not require any non-standard coupling to gravity and the physical fields are all sub-Planckian during the inflationary epoch. It will be shown that there is a "robust" set of initial conditions which, in addition to satisfying the Planck data, simultaneously are consistent with all present LHC phenomenological requirements.
Instability of supersymmetric microstate geometries
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Eperon, Felicity C.; Reall, Harvey S.; Santos, Jorge E. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)
2016-10-07
We investigate the classical stability of supersymmetric, asymptotically flat, microstate geometries with five non-compact dimensions. Such geometries admit an “evanescent ergosurface”: a timelike hypersurface of infinite redshift. On such a surface, there are null geodesics with zero energy relative to infinity. These geodesics are stably trapped in the potential well near the ergosurface. We present a heuristic argument indicating that this feature is likely to lead to a nonlinear instability of these solutions. We argue that the precursor of such an instability can be seen in the behaviour of linear perturbations: nonlinear stability would require that all linear perturbations decay sufficiently rapidly but the stable trapping implies that some linear perturbation decay very slowly. We study this in detail for the most symmetric microstate geometries. By constructing quasinormal modes of these geometries we show that generic linear perturbations decay slower than any inverse power of time.
Currents in supersymmetric field theories
Derendinger, Jean-Pierre
2016-01-01
A general formalism to construct and improve supercurrents and source or anomaly superfields in two-derivative N=1 supersymmetric theories is presented. It includes arbitrary gauge and chiral superfields and a linear superfield coupled to gauge fields. These families of supercurrent structures are characterized by their energy-momentum tensors and R currents and they display a specific relation to the dilatation current of the theory. The linear superfield is introduced in order to describe the gauge coupling as a background (or propagating) field. Supersymmetry does not constrain the dependence on this gauge coupling field of gauge kinetic terms and holomorphicity restrictions are absent. Applying these results to an effective (Wilson) description of super-Yang-Mills theory, matching or cancellation of anomalies leads to an algebraic derivation of the all-order NSVZ beta function.
Supersymmetric unification at the millennium
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Charanjit S Aulakh
2000-07-01
We argue that the discovery of neutrino mass effects at super-Kamiokande implies a clear logical chain leading from the Standard Model, through the MSSM and the recently developed minimal left right supersymmetric models with a renormalizable see-saw mechanism for neutrino mass, to left right symmetric SUSY GUTS: in particular, SO(10) and SU(2)× SU(2) × SU(4). The progress in constructing such GUTS explicitly is reviewed and their testability/falsiﬁability by lepton ﬂavour violation and proton decay measurements emphasized. SUSY violations of the survival principle and the interplay between third generation Yukawa coupling uniﬁcation and the structurally stable IR attractive features of the RG ﬂow in SUSY GUTS are also discussed.
Supersymmetric Sneutrino-Higgs inflation
Deen, Rehan; Ovrut, Burt A.; Purves, Austin
2016-11-01
It is shown that in the phenomenologically realistic supersymmetric B - L MSSM theory, a linear combination of the neutral, up Higgs field with the third family left- and right-handed sneutrinos can play the role of the cosmological inflaton. Assuming that supersymmetry is softly broken at a mass scale of order 1013 GeV, the potential energy associated with this field allows for 60 e-foldings of inflation with the cosmological parameters being consistent with all Planck2015 data. The theory does not require any non-standard coupling to gravity and the physical fields are all sub-Planckian during the inflationary epoch. It will be shown that there is a "robust" set of initial conditions which, in addition to satisfying the Planck data, simultaneously are consistent with all present LHC phenomenological requirements.
A tool box for implementing supersymmetric models
Staub, Florian; Ohl, Thorsten; Porod, Werner; Speckner, Christian
2012-10-01
We present a framework for performing a comprehensive analysis of a large class of supersymmetric models, including spectrum calculation, dark matter studies and collider phenomenology. To this end, the respective model is defined in an easy and straightforward way using the Mathematica package SARAH. SARAH then generates model files for CalcHep which can be used with micrOMEGAs as well as model files for WHIZARD and O'Mega. In addition, Fortran source code for SPheno is created which facilitates the determination of the particle spectrum using two-loop renormalization group equations and one-loop corrections to the masses. As an additional feature, the generated SPheno code can write out input files suitable for use with HiggsBounds to apply bounds coming from the Higgs searches to the model. Combining all programs provides a closed chain from model building to phenomenology. Program summary Program title: SUSY Phenomenology toolbox. Catalog identifier: AEMN_v1_0. Program summary URL: http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEMN_v1_0.html. Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland. Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html. No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 140206. No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 1319681. Distribution format: tar.gz. Programming language: Autoconf, Mathematica. Computer: PC running Linux, Mac. Operating system: Linux, Mac OS. Classification: 11.6. Nature of problem: Comprehensive studies of supersymmetric models beyond the MSSM is considerably complicated by the number of different tasks that have to be accomplished, including the calculation of the mass spectrum and the implementation of the model into tools for performing collider studies, calculating the dark matter density and checking the compatibility with existing collider bounds (in particular, from the Higgs searches). Solution method: The
Quantum Cohomology and Quantum Hydrodynamics from Supersymmetric Quiver Gauge Theories
Bonelli, Giulio; Tanzini, Alessandro; Vasko, Petr
2015-01-01
We study the connection between N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories, quantum cohomology and quantum integrable systems of hydrodynamic type. We consider gauge theories on ALE spaces of A and D-type and discuss how they describe the quantum cohomology of the corresponding Nakajima's quiver varieties. We also discuss how the exact evaluation of local BPS observables in the gauge theory can be used to calculate the spectrum of quantum Hamiltonians of spin Calogero integrable systems and spin Intermediate Long Wave hydrodynamics. This is explicitly obtained by a Bethe Ansatz Equation provided by the quiver gauge theory in terms of its adjacency matrix.
Solution of Second Order Supersymmetrical Intertwining Relations in Minkowski Plane
Ioffe, M V; Nishnianidze, D N
2016-01-01
Supersymmetrical (SUSY) intertwining relations are generalized to the case of quantum Hamiltonians in Minkowski space. For intertwining operators (supercharges) of second order in derivatives the intertwined Hamiltonians correspond to completely integrable systems with the symmetry operators of fourth order in momenta. In terms of components, the itertwining relations correspond to the system of nonlinear differential equations which are solvable with the simplest - constant - ansatzes for the "metric" matrix in second order part of the supercharges. The corresponding potentials are built explicitly both for diagonalizable and nondiagonalizable form of "metric" matrices, and their properties are discussed.
Quantum cohomology and quantum hydrodynamics from supersymmetric quiver gauge theories
Bonelli, Giulio; Sciarappa, Antonio; Tanzini, Alessandro; Vasko, Petr
2016-11-01
We study the connection between N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories, quantum cohomology and quantum integrable systems of hydrodynamic type. We consider gauge theories on ALE spaces of A and D-type and discuss how they describe the quantum cohomology of the corresponding Nakajima's quiver varieties. We also discuss how the exact evaluation of local BPS observables in the gauge theory can be used to calculate the spectrum of quantum Hamiltonians of spin Calogero integrable systems and spin Intermediate Long Wave hydrodynamics. This is explicitly obtained by a Bethe Ansatz Equation provided by the quiver gauge theory in terms of its adjacency matrix.
Solution of second order supersymmetrical intertwining relations in Minkowski plane
Ioffe, M. V.; Kolevatova, E. V.; Nishnianidze, D. N.
2016-08-01
Supersymmetrical (SUSY) intertwining relations are generalized to the case of quantum Hamiltonians in Minkowski space. For intertwining operators (supercharges) of second order in derivatives, the intertwined Hamiltonians correspond to completely integrable systems with the symmetry operators of fourth order in momenta. In terms of components, the intertwining relations correspond to the system of nonlinear differential equations which are solvable with the simplest—constant—ansatzes for the "metric" matrix in second order part of the supercharges. The corresponding potentials are built explicitly both for diagonalizable and nondiagonalizable form of "metric" matrices, and their properties are discussed.
Maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills on the lattice
Schaich, David
2015-01-01
We summarize recent progress in lattice studies of four-dimensional N=4 supersymmetric Yang--Mills theory and present preliminary results from ongoing investigations. Our work is based on a construction that exactly preserves a single supersymmetry at non-zero lattice spacing, and we review a new procedure to regulate flat directions by modifying the moduli equations in a manner compatible with this supersymmetry. This procedure defines an improved lattice action that we have begun to use in numerical calculations. We discuss some highlights of these investigations, including the static potential and an update on the question of a possible sign problem in the lattice theory.
Aspects of lattice N=4 supersymmetric Yang--Mills
Schaich, David
2015-01-01
Non-perturbative investigations of $\\mathcal N = 4$ supersymmetric Yang--Mills theory formulated on a space-time lattice have advanced rapidly in recent years. Large-scale numerical calculations are currently being carried out based on a construction that exactly preserves a single supersymmetry at non-zero lattice spacing. A recent development is the creation of an improved lattice action through a new procedure to regulate flat directions in a manner compatible with this supersymmetry, by modifying the moduli equations. In this proceedings I briefly summarize this new procedure and discuss the parameter space of the resulting improved action that is now being employed in numerical calculations.
Supersymmetric counterterms from new minimal supergravity
Assel, Benjamin; Martelli, Dario
2014-01-01
We present a systematic classification of counterterms of four-dimensional supersymmetric field theories on curved space, obtained as the rigid limit of new minimal supergravity. These are supergravity invariants constructed using the field theory background fields. We demonstrate that if the background preserves two supercharges of opposite chirality, then all dimensionless counterterms vanish. This implies that a supersymmetric renormalisation scheme is free of ambiguities. When only one Euclidean supercharge is preserved, we describe the ambiguities that appear in supersymmetric observables, in particular in the dependence on marginal couplings.
THE LAX OPERATOR APPROACH FOR THE VIRASORO AND THE W-CONSTRAINTS IN THE GENERALIZED KDV HIERARCHY
PANDA, S; ROY, S
1993-01-01
We show directly in the Lax operator approach how the Virasoro and W-constraints on the tau-function arise in the p-reduced KP hierarchy or generalized KdV hierarchy. In particular, we consider the KdV and the Boussinesq hierarchy to show that the Virasoro and the W-constraints follow from the strin
An Algebraic Method for Constructing Exact Solutions to Difference-Differential Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2006-01-01
In this paper, we present a method to solve difference differential equation(s). As an example, we apply this method to discrete KdV equation and Ablowitz-Ladik lattice equation. As a result, many exact solutions are obtained with the help of Maple including soliton solutions presented by hyperbolic functions sinh and cosh, periodic solutions presented by sin and cos and rational solutions. This method can also be used to other nonlinear difference-differential equation(s).
On invariant analysis of some time fractional nonlinear systems of partial differential equations. I
Singla, Komal; Gupta, R. K.
2016-10-01
An investigation of Lie point symmetries for systems of time fractional partial differential equations including Ito system, coupled Burgers equations, coupled Korteweg de Vries equations, Hirota-Satsuma coupled KdV equations, and coupled nonlinear Hirota equations has been done. Using the obtained symmetries, each one of the systems is reduced to the nonlinear system of fractional ordinary differential equations involving Erdélyi-Kober fractional differential operator depending on a parameter α.
Lienard Equation and Exact Solutions for Some Soliton-Producing Nonlinear Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Wei-Guo; CHANG Qian-Shun; ZHANG Qi-Ren
2004-01-01
In this paper, we first consider exact solutions for Lienard equation with nonlinear terms of any order. Then,explicit exact bell and kink profile solitary-wave solutions for many nonlinear evolution equations are obtained by means of results of the Lienard equation and proper deductions, which transform original partial differential equations into the Lienard one. These nonlinear equations include compound KdV, compound KdV-Burgers, generalized Boussinesq,generalized KP and Ginzburg-Landau equation. Some new solitary-wave solutions are found.
Invariant Regularization of Supersymmetric Chiral Gauge Theory
Hayashi, T; Okuyama, K; Suzuki, H; Hayashi, Takuya; Ohshima, Yoshihisa; Okuyama, Kiyoshi; Suzuki, Hiroshi
1998-01-01
We formulate a manifestly supersymmetric gauge-covariant regularization of supersymmetric chiral gauge theories. In our scheme, the effective action in the superfield background-field method above one-loop is always supersymmetric and gauge invariant. The gauge anomaly has the covariant form and can emerge only in one-loop diagrams with all the external lines are the background gauge superfield. We also present several illustrative applications in the one-loop approximation: The self-energy part of the chiral multiplet and the gauge multiplet; the super-chiral anomaly and the superconformal anomaly; as the corresponding anomalous commutators, the Konishi anomaly and the anomalous supersymmetric transformation law of the supercurrent (the ``central extension'' of N=1 supersymmetry algebra) and of the R-current.
The Minimal Supersymmetric Fat Higgs Model
Harnik, R; Larson, D T; Murayama, H; Harnik, Roni; Kribs, Graham D.; Larson, Daniel T.; Murayama, Hitoshi
2003-01-01
We present a calculable supersymmetric theory of a composite ``fat'' Higgs boson. Electroweak symmetry is broken dynamically through a new gauge interaction that becomes strong at an intermediate scale. The Higgs mass can easily be 200-450 GeV along with the superpartner masses, solving the supersymmetric little hierarchy problem. We explicitly verify that the model is consistent with precision electroweak data without fine-tuning. Gauge coupling unification can be maintained despite the inherently strong dynamics involved in electroweak symmetry breaking. Supersymmetrizing the Standard Model therefore does not imply a light Higgs mass, contrary to the lore in the literature. The Higgs sector of the minimal Fat Higgs model has a mass spectrum that is distinctly different from the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model.
Proton Decay in Minimal Supersymmetric SU(5)
Bajc, Borut; Perez, Pavel Fileviez; Senjanovic, Goran
2002-01-01
We systematically study proton decay in the minimal supersymmetric SU(5) grand unified theory. We find that although the available parameter space of soft masses and mixings is quite constrained, the theory is still in accord with experiment.
Bubbles of Nothing and Supersymmetric Compactifications
Blanco-Pillado, Jose J; Sousa, Kepa; Urrestilla, Jon
2016-01-01
We investigate the non-perturbative stability of supersymmetric compactifications with respect to decay via a bubble of nothing. We show examples where this kind of instability is not prohibited by the spin structure, i.e., periodicity of fermions about the extra dimension. However, such "topologically unobstructed" cases do exhibit an extra-dimensional analog of the well-known Coleman-De Luccia suppression mechanism, which prohibits the decay of supersymmetric vacua. We demonstrate this explicitly in a four dimensional Abelian-Higgs toy model coupled to supergravity. The compactification of this model to $M_3 \\times S_1$ presents the possibility of vacua with different windings for the scalar field. Away from the supersymmetric limit, these states decay by the formation of a bubble of nothing, dressed with an Abelian-Higgs vortex. We show how, as one approaches the supersymmetric limit, the circumference of the topologically unobstructed bubble becomes infinite, thereby preventing the realization of this dec...
Patterns of flavor signals in supersymmetric models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Goto, T. [KEK National High Energy Physics, Tsukuba (Japan)]|[Kyoto Univ. (Japan). YITP; Okada, Y. [KEK National High Energy Physics, Tsukuba (Japan)]|[Graduate Univ. for Advanced Studies, Tsukuba (Japan). Dept. of Particle and Nucelar Physics; Shindou, T. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste (Italy); Tanaka, M. [Osaka Univ., Toyonaka (Japan). Dept. of Physics
2007-11-15
Quark and lepton flavor signals are studied in four supersymmetric models, namely the minimal supergravity model, the minimal supersymmetric standard model with right-handed neutrinos, SU(5) supersymmetric grand unified theory with right-handed neutrinos and the minimal supersymmetric standard model with U(2) flavor symmetry. We calculate b{yields}s(d) transition observables in B{sub d} and B{sub s} decays, taking the constraint from the B{sub s}- anti B{sub s} mixing recently observed at Tevatron into account. We also calculate lepton flavor violating processes {mu} {yields} e{gamma}, {tau} {yields} {mu}{gamma} and {tau} {yields} e{gamma} for the models with right-handed neutrinos. We investigate possibilities to distinguish the flavor structure of the supersymmetry breaking sector with use of patterns of various flavor signals which are expected to be measured in experiments such as MEG, LHCb and a future Super B Factory. (orig.)
Multi-Order Exact Solutions for a generalized shallow water wave equation and other nonlinear PDEs
Bagchi, Bijan; Ganguly, Asish
2011-01-01
We seek multi-order exact solutions of a generalized shallow water wave equation along with those corresponding to a class of nonlinear systems described by the KdV, modified KdV, Boussinesq, Klein-Gordon and modified Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation. We employ a modified version of a generalized Lame equation and subject it to a perturbative treatment identifying the solutions order by order in terms of Jacobi elliptic functions. Our solutions are new and hold the key feature that they are expressible in terms of an auxiliary function f in a generic way. For appropriate choices of f we recover the previous results reported in the literature.
Efficiency of High-Order Accurate Difference Schemes for the Korteweg-de Vries Equation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kanyuta Poochinapan
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Two numerical models to obtain the solution of the KdV equation are proposed. Numerical tools, compact fourth-order and standard fourth-order finite difference techniques, are applied to the KdV equation. The fundamental conservative properties of the equation are preserved by the finite difference methods. Linear stability analysis of two methods is presented by the Von Neumann analysis. The new methods give second- and fourth-order accuracy in time and space, respectively. The numerical experiments show that the proposed methods improve the accuracy of the solution significantly.
Generalized Kahler Geometry from supersymmetric sigma models
Bredthauer, A; Persson, J; Zabzine, M; Bredthauer, Andreas; Lindstrom, Ulf; Persson, Jonas; Zabzine, Maxim
2006-01-01
We give a physical derivation of generalized Kahler geometry. Starting from a supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model, we rederive and explain the results of Gualtieri regarding the equivalence between generalized Kahler geometry and the bi-hermitean geometry of Gates-Hull-Rocek. When cast in the language of supersymmetric sigma models, this relation maps precisely to that between the Lagrangian and the Hamiltonian formalisms. We also discuss topological twist in this context.
Integrable KdV Hierarchies on $T^2=S^1\\times S^1$
Sedra, M B
2007-01-01
Following our previous works on extended higher spin symmetries on the torus we focus in the present contribution to make a setup of the integrable KdV hierarchies on $T^{2} = S^{1} \\times S^{1}$. Actually two particular systems are considered, namely the KdV and the Burgers non linear integrable model associated to currents of conformal weights (2, 2) and (1, 1) respectively. One key steps towards proving the integrability of these systems is to find their Lax pair operators. This is explicitly done and a mapping between the two systems is discussed.
Neutral Supersymmetric Higgs Boson Searches
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Robinson, Stephen Luke [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
2008-07-01
In some Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model, including the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), the coupling of Higgs bosons to b-quarks is enhanced. This enhancement makes the associated production of the Higgs with b-quarks an interesting search channel for the Higgs and Supersymmetry at D0. The identification of b-quarks, both online and offline, is essential to this search effort. This thesis describes the author's involvement in the development of both types of b-tagging and in the application of these techniques to the MSSM Higgs search. Work was carried out on the Level-3 trigger b-tagging algorithms. The impact parameter (IP) b-tagger was retuned and the effects of increased instantaneous luminosity on the tagger were studied. An extension of the IP-tagger to use the z-tracking information was developed. A new b-tagger using secondary vertices was developed and commissioned. A tool was developed to allow the use of large multi-run samples for trigger studies involving b-quarks. Offline, a neural network (NN) b-tagger was trained combining the existing offline lifetime based b-tagging tools. The efficiency and fake rate of the NN b-tagger were measured in data and MC. This b-tagger was internally reviewed and certified by the Collaboration and now provides the official b-tagging for all analyses using the Run IIa dataset at D0. A search was performed for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to a b{bar b} pair and produced in association with one or more b-quarks. Limits are set on the cross-section times the branching ratio for such a process. The limits were interpreted in various MSSM scenarios. This analysis uses the NN b-tagger and was the first to use this tool. The analysis also relies on triggers using the Level-3 IP b-tagging tool described previously. A likelihood discriminant was used to improve the analysis and a neural network was developed to cross-check this technique. The result of the analysis has been submitted to PRL
Gardner's deformations of the graded Korteweg-de Vries equations revisited
Kiselev, A. V.; Krutov, A. O.
2012-01-01
We solve the Gardner deformation problem for the N = 2 supersymmetric a = 4 Korteweg-de Vries equation [P. Mathieu, "Supersymmetric extension of the Korteweg-de Vries equation," J. Math. Phys. 29(11), 2499-2506 (1988)]. We show that a known zero-curvature representation for this super-equation yield
On geometric aspects of the supersymmetric Fokas-Gel’fand immersion formula
Bertrand, S.
2017-09-01
In this paper, we develop a new geometric characterization for the supersymmetric versions of the Fokas-Gel’fand formula for the immersion of soliton supermanifolds with two bosonic and two fermionic independent variables into Lie superalgebras. In order to do so, from a linear spectral problem of a supersymmetric integrable system using the covariant fermionic derivative, we provide a technique to obtain two additional linear spectral problems for that integrable system, one using the bosonic variable derivatives and the other using the fermionic variable derivatives. This allows us to investigate, through the first and second fundamental forms, the geometry of the (1+1\\vert2 )-supermanifolds immersed in Lie superalgebras. Whenever possible, the mean and Gaussian curvatures of the supermanifolds are calculated. These theoretical considerations are applied to the supersymmetric sine-Gordon equation.
All timelike supersymmetric solutions of three-dimensional half-maximal supergravity
Deger, Nihat Sadik; Samtleben, Henning; Sarioglu, Ozgur
2015-01-01
We first classify all supersymmetric solutions of the 3-dimensional half-maximal ungauged supergravity that possess a timelike Killing vector coming from the Killing spinor bilinear by considering their identification under the complexification of the local symmetry of the theory. It is found that only solutions that preserve $16/2^n, 1 \\leq n \\leq 3$ real supersymmetries are allowed. We then classify supersymmetric solutions under the real local symmetry of the theory and we are able to solve the equations of motion for all of them. It is shown that all such solutions can be expressed as a direct sum of solutions of the integrable Liouville and SU(3) Toda systems. This completes the construction of all supersymmetric solutions of the model since the null case has already been solved.
Quinto, A. G.; Ferrari, A. F.; Lehum, A. C.
2016-06-01
In this work, we investigate the consequences of the Renormalization Group Equation (RGE) in the determination of the effective superpotential and the study of Dynamical Symmetry Breaking (DSB) in an N = 1 supersymmetric theory including an Abelian Chern-Simons superfield coupled to N scalar superfields in (2 + 1) dimensional spacetime. The classical Lagrangian presents scale invariance, which is broken by radiative corrections to the effective superpotential. We calculate the effective superpotential up to two-loops by using the RGE and the beta functions and anomalous dimensions known in the literature. We then show how the RGE can be used to improve this calculation, by summing up properly defined series of leading logs (LL), next-to-leading logs (NLL) contributions, and so on... We conclude that even if the RGE improvement procedure can indeed be applied in a supersymmetric model, the effects of the consideration of the RGE are not so dramatic as it happens in the non-supersymmetric case.
The Supersymmetric origin of matter
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Balazs, C.; /Argonne; Carena, M.; /Fermilab; Menon, A.; Morrissey, D.E.; Wagner, C.E.M.; /Argonne /Chicago U., EFI
2004-12-01
The Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) can provide the correct neutralino relic abundance and baryon number asymmetry of the universe. Both may be efficiently generated in the presence of CP violating phases, light charginos and neutralinos, and a light top squark. Due to the coannihilation of the neutralino with the light stop, we find a large region of parameter space in which the neutralino relic density is consistent with WMAP and SDSS data. We perform a detailed study of the additional constraints induced when CP violating phases, consistent with the ones required for baryogenesis, are included. We explore the possible tests of this scenario from present and future electron Electric Dipole Moment (EDM) measurements, direct neutralino detection experiments, collider searches and the b {yields} s{gamma} decay rate. We find that the EDM constraints are quite severe and that electron EDM experiments, together with stop searches at the Tevatron and Higgs searches at the LHC, will provide a definite test of our scenario of electroweak baryogenesis in the next few years.
Supersymmetric deformations of 3D SCFTs from tri-sasakian truncation
Karndumri, Parinya
2016-01-01
We holographically study supersymmetric deformations of $N=3$ and $N=1$ superconformal field theories (SCFTs) in three dimensions using four-dimensional $N=4$ gauged supergravity coupled to three-vector multiplets with non-semisimple $SO(3)\\ltimes (\\mathbf{T}^3,\\hat{\\mathbf{T}}^3)$ gauge group. This gauged supergravity can be obtained from a truncation of eleven-dimensional supergravity on a tri-sasakian manifold and admits both $N=1,3$ supersymmetric and stable non-supersymmetric $AdS_4$ critical points. We analyze the BPS equations for $SO(3)$ singlet scalars in details and study possible supersymmetric RG flows to non-conformal field theories. Apart from these "flat" domain wall solutions, we also consider $AdS_3$-sliced domain wall solutions. In the $N=1$ case, a supersymmetric Janus solution, corresponding to a two-dimensional conformal defect with $N=(1,0)$ supersymmetry, exists while this type of solutions is not possible in the $N=3$ case.
Supersymmetric deformations of 3D SCFTs from tri-Sasakian truncation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Karndumri, Parinya [Chulalongkorn University, String Theory and Supergravity Group, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Bangkok (Thailand)
2017-02-15
We holographically study supersymmetric deformations of N = 3 and N = 1 superconformal field theories in three dimensions using four-dimensional N = 4 gauged supergravity coupled to three-vector multiplets with non-semisimple SO(3) x (T{sup 3},T{sup 3}) gauge group. This gauged supergravity can be obtained from a truncation of 11-dimensional supergravity on a tri-Sasakian manifold and admits both N = 1,3 supersymmetric and stable non-supersymmetric AdS{sub 4} critical points. We analyze the BPS equations for SO(3) singlet scalars in detail and study possible supersymmetric solutions. A number of RG flows to non-conformal field theories and half-supersymmetric domain walls are found, and many of them can be given analytically. Apart from these ''flat'' domain walls, we also consider AdS{sub 3}-sliced domain wall solutions describing two-dimensional conformal defects with N = (1,0) supersymmetry within the dual N = 1 field theory while this type of solutions does not exist in the N = 3 case. (orig.)
New travelling wave solutions for nonlinear stochastic evolution equations
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Hyunsoo Kim; Rathinasamy Sakthivel
2013-06-01
The nonlinear stochastic evolution equations have a wide range of applications in physics, chemistry, biology, economics and finance from various points of view. In this paper, the (′/)-expansion method is implemented for obtaining new travelling wave solutions of the nonlinear (2 + 1)-dimensional stochastic Broer–Kaup equation and stochastic coupled Korteweg–de Vries (KdV) equation. The study highlights the significant features of the method employed and its capability of handling nonlinear stochastic problems.
Unification of integrable q-difference equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Burcu Silindir
2015-10-01
Full Text Available This article presents a unifying framework for q-discrete equations. We introduce a generalized q-difference equation in Hirota bilinear form and develop the associated three-q-soliton solutions which are described in polynomials of power functions by utilizing Hirota direct method. Furthermore, we present that the generalized q-difference soliton equation reduces to q-analogues of Toda, KdV and sine-Gordon equations equipped with their three-q-soliton solutions by appropriate
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Wenjun Liu; Kewang Chen
2013-09-01
In this paper, we implemented the functional variable method and the modified Riemann–Liouville derivative for the exact solitary wave solutions and periodic wave solutions of the time-fractional Klein–Gordon equation, and the time-fractional Hirota–Satsuma coupled KdV system. This method is extremely simple but effective for handling nonlinear time-fractional differential equations.
Painlevé analysis and some solutions of variable coefficient Benny equation
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Rajeev Kumar; R K Gupta; S S Bhatia
2015-12-01
In this paper, variable coefficient Benny equation (also called the KdV Burgers–Kuramoto equation) has been considered. By using the Painlevé analysis and Lie group analysis methods, the Painlevé properties and symmetries have been studied. Some solutions of the reduced ODEs are obtained.
Alice-Bob Physics: Coherent Solutions of Nonlocal KdV Systems
Lou, S Y
2016-01-01
In natural and social science, many events happened at different space-times may be closely entangled or correlated. Two events, $A$ (Alice) and $B$ (Bob) are defined as correlated if one event is determined by another, say, $B=\\hat{f}A$ for suitable $\\hat{f}$ operators. Can we find these kinds of correlated solutions from the known physically significant models? Alternatively, can we establish/derive some significant physical models to describe these kinds of correlated phenomena? Taking KdV and coupled KdV systems as examples, we can find some types of models (defined as Alice-Bob KdV systems) to exhibit the existence on the correlated solutions linked with two events, event $A=A(x,\\ t)$ and event $B=B(x',\\ t')=\\hat{f}A$ happened at $\\{x,\\ t\\}$ and $\\{x',\\ t'\\}$ respectively. The idea of this letter is valid not only for the physical problems related to the KdV systems but also for all physical problems which can be described by arbitrary continuous or discrete mathematical models.
Direct Connection between the RII Chain and the Nonautonomous Discrete Modified KdV Lattice
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kazuki Maeda
2013-11-01
Full Text Available The spectral transformation technique for symmetric RII polynomials is developed. Use of this technique reveals that the nonautonomous discrete modified KdV (nd-mKdV lattice is directly connected with the RII chain. Hankel determinant solutions to the semi-infinite nd-mKdV lattice are also presented.
Towards a Supersymmetric Generalization of the Schwarzschild Black Hole
López-Domínguez, J C; Zacarías, S
2009-01-01
The Wheeler-DeWitt (WDW) equation for the Kantowski-Sachs model can also be understood as the WDW-equation corresponding to the Schwarzschild black hole due to the well known diffeomorphism between these two metrics. The WDW-equation and its solutions are ``ignorant'' of the coordinate patch one is using, only by imposing coordinate conditions we can differentiate between cosmological and black hole models. At that point, the foliation parameter $t$ or $r$ will appear in the solution of interest. In this work we supersymmetrize this WDW-equation obtaining an extra term in the potential with two possible signs. The WKB method is then applied, given rise to two classical equations. It is shown that the event horizon can never be reached because, very near to it the extra term in the potential, for each one of the equations, is more relevant than the one that corresponds to Schwarzschild. One can then study the asymptotic cases in which one of the two terms in the Hamiltonian dominates the behavior. One of them ...
Numerical study of a multiscale expansion of the Korteweg de Vries equation
Grava, T
2007-01-01
The Cauchy problem for the Korteweg de Vries (KdV) equation with small dispersion of order $\\e^2$, $\\e\\ll 1$, is characterized by the appearance of a zone of rapid modulated oscillations. These oscillations are approximately described by the elliptic solution of KdV where the amplitude, wave-number and frequency are not constant but evolve according to the Whitham equations. Whereas the difference between the KdV and the asymptotic solution decreases as $\\epsilon$ in the interior of the Whitham oscillatory zone, it is known to be only of order $\\epsilon^{1/3}$ near the leading edge of this zone. To obtain a more accurate description near the leading edge of the oscillatory zone we present a multiscale expansion of the solution of KdV in terms of the Hastings-McLeod solution of the Painlev\\'e-II equation. We show numerically that the resulting multiscale solution approximates the KdV solution, in the small dispersion limit, to the order $\\epsilon^{2/3}$.
Bubbles of nothing and supersymmetric compactifications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Blanco-Pillado, Jose J. [IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48011, Bilbao (Spain); Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain); Shlaer, Benjamin [Department of Physics, University of Auckland,Private Bag 92019, Auckland (New Zealand); Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy,Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155 (United States); Sousa, Kepa [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain); Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM-CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid,Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Urrestilla, Jon [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain)
2016-10-03
We investigate the non-perturbative stability of supersymmetric compactifications with respect to decay via a bubble of nothing. We show examples where this kind of instability is not prohibited by the spin structure, i.e., periodicity of fermions about the extra dimension. However, such “topologically unobstructed” cases do exhibit an extra-dimensional analog of the well-known Coleman-De Luccia suppression mechanism, which prohibits the decay of supersymmetric vacua. We demonstrate this explicitly in a four dimensional Abelian-Higgs toy model coupled to supergravity. The compactification of this model to M{sub 3}×S{sub 1} presents the possibility of vacua with different windings for the scalar field. Away from the supersymmetric limit, these states decay by the formation of a bubble of nothing, dressed with an Abelian-Higgs vortex. We show how, as one approaches the supersymmetric limit, the circumference of the topologically unobstructed bubble becomes infinite, thereby preventing the realization of this decay. This demonstrates the dynamical origin of the decay suppression, as opposed to the more familiar argument based on the spin structure. We conjecture that this is a generic mechanism that enforces stability of any topologically unobstructed supersymmetric compactification.
All-loop Analysis of UV Divergences in Maximally Supersymmetric Gauge Theories
Borlakov, A T; Tolkachev, D M; Vlasenko, D E
2016-01-01
We consider the leading and subleading UV divergences for the four-point on-shell scattering amplitudes in D=6,8,10 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in the planar limit. These theories belong to the class of maximally supersymmetric gauge theories and presumably possess distinguished properties beyond perturbation theory. In the previous works, we obtained the recursive relations that allow one to get the leading and subleading divergences in all loops in a pure algebraic way. The all loop summation of the leading divergences is performed with the help of the differential equations which are the generalization of the RG equations for non-renormalizable theories. Here we mainly focus on solving and analyzing these equations. We discuss the properties of the obtained solutions and interpretation of the results.
Wang, Huimin
2017-01-01
In this paper, a new lattice Boltzmann model for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation is proposed. By using the Chapman-Enskog expansion and the multi-scale time expansion, a series of partial differential equations in different time scales and several higher- order moments of equilibrium distribution functions are obtained. In order to make the scheme obey the three conservation laws of the KdV equation, two equilibrium distribution functions are used and a correlation between the first conservation law and the second conservation law is constructed. In numerical examples, the numerical results of the KdV equation obtained by this scheme are compared with those results obtained by the previous lattice Boltzmann model. Numerical experiments demonstrate this scheme can be used to reduce the truncation error of the lattice Boltzmann scheme and preserve the three conservation laws.
Supersymmetry and the Dirac Equation with Vector and Scalar Coupling Potentials
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
This paper shows that one type of first-order Dirac equation with vector coupling and scalar coupling potentials can be brought into the framework of non-relativistic supersymmetric quantum mechanics. The conclusion is independent of the concrete forms of the vector and scalar coupling potentials because of the nilpotent matrix realization of supersymmetric quantum mechanical algebra. The supersymmetry of this kind of Dirac equation requires that a spin-orbit coupling term be introduced into the associated supersymmetric Hamiltonian.
Spectral properties in supersymmetric matrix models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Boulton, Lyonell, E-mail: L.Boulton@hw.ac.uk [Department of Mathematics and Maxwell Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Garcia del Moral, Maria Pilar, E-mail: garciamormaria@uniovi.es [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Avda Calvo Sotelo 18, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Restuccia, Alvaro, E-mail: arestu@usb.ve [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Apartado 89000, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Avda Calvo Sotelo 18, 33007 Oviedo (Spain)
2012-03-21
We formulate a general sufficiency criterion for discreteness of the spectrum of both supersymmmetric and non-supersymmetric theories with a fermionic contribution. This criterion allows an analysis of Hamiltonians in complete form rather than just their semiclassical limits. In such a framework we examine spectral properties of various (1+0) matrix models. We consider the BMN model of M-theory compactified on a maximally supersymmetric pp-wave background, different regularizations of the supermembrane with central charges and a non-supersymmetric model comprising a bound state of N D2 with m D0. While the first two examples have a purely discrete spectrum, the latter has a continuous spectrum with a lower end given in terms of the monopole charge.
N=2 supersymmetric dynamics for pedestrians
Tachikawa, Yuji
2015-01-01
Understanding the dynamics of gauge theories is crucial, given the fact that all known interactions are based on the principle of local gauge symmetry. Beyond the perturbative regime, however, this is a notoriously difficult problem. Requiring invariance under supersymmetry turns out to be a suitable tool for analyzing supersymmetric gauge theories over a larger region of the space of parameters. Supersymmetric quantum field theories in four dimensions with extended N=2 supersymmetry are further constrained and have therefore been a fertile field of research in theoretical physics for quite some time. Moreover, there are far-reaching mathematical ramifications that have led to a successful dialogue with differential and algebraic geometry. These lecture notes aim to introduce students of modern theoretical physics to the fascinating developments in the understanding of N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories in a coherent fashion. Starting with a gentle introduction to electric-magnetic duality, the author guides r...
New dualities of supersymmetric gauge theories
2016-01-01
This book reviews a number of spectacular advances that have been made in the study of supersymmetric quantum field theories in the last few years. Highlights include exact calculations of Wilson loop expectation values, and highly nontrivial quantitative checks of the long-standing electric-magnetic duality conjectures. The book starts with an introductory article presenting a survey of recent advances, aimed at a wide audience with a background and interest in theoretical physics. The following articles are written for advanced students and researchers in quantum field theory, string theory and mathematical physics, our goal being to familiarize these readers with the forefront of current research. The topics covered include recent advances in the classification and vacuum structure of large families of N=2 supersymmetric field theories, followed by an extensive discussion of the localisation method, one of the most powerful tools for exact studies of supersymmetric field theories. The quantities that have ...
Supersymmetric defect models and mirror symmetry
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hook, Anson; Kachru, Shamit; Torroba, Gonzalo
2013-11-01
We study supersymmetric field theories in three space-time dimensions doped by various configurations of electric charges or magnetic fluxes. These are supersymmetric avatars of impurity models. In the presence of additional sources such configurations are shown to preserve half of the supersymmetries. Mirror symmetry relates the two sets of configurations. We discuss the implications for impurity models in 3d NN = 4 QED with a single charged hypermultiplet (and its mirror, the theory of a free hypermultiplet) as well as 3d NN = 2 QED with one flavor and its dual, a supersymmetric Wilson-Fisher fixed point. Mirror symmetry allows us to find backreacted solutions for arbitrary arrays of defects in the IR limit of NN = 4 QED. Our analysis, complemented with appropriate string theory brane constructions, sheds light on various aspects of mirror symmetry, the map between particles and vortices and the emergence of ground state entropy in QED at finite density.
Supersymmetric Defect Models and Mirror Symmetry
Hook, Anson; Torroba, Gonzalo
2013-01-01
We study supersymmetric field theories in three space-time dimensions doped by various configurations of electric charges or magnetic fluxes. These are supersymmetric avatars of impurity models. In the presence of additional sources such configurations are shown to preserve half of the supersymmetries. Mirror symmetry relates the two sets of configurations. We discuss the implications for impurity models in 3d N=4 QED with a single charged hypermultiplet (and its mirror, the theory of a free hypermultiplet) as well as 3d N=2 QED with one flavor and its dual, a supersymmetric Wilson-Fisher fixed point. Mirror symmetry allows us to find backreacted solutions for arbitrary arrays of defects in the IR limit of N=4 QED. Our analysis, complemented with appropriate string theory brane constructions, sheds light on various aspects of mirror symmetry, the map between particles and vortices and the emergence of ground state entropy in QED at finite density.
Gauging isometries in N=4 supersymmetric mechanics
Delduc, F
2008-01-01
This talk summarizes the study of superfield gaugings of isometries of extended supersymmetric mechanics in hep-th/0605211, hep-th/0611247 and arXiv:0706.0706. The gauging procedure provides a manifestly supersymmetric realization of d=1 automorphic dualities which interrelate various irreducible off-shell multiplets of d=1 extended supersymmetry featuring the same number of physical fermions but different divisions of bosonic fields into the physical and auxiliary subsets. We concentrate on the most interesting N=4 case and demonstrate that, with a suitable choice of the symmetry to be gauged, all such multiplets of N=4 supersymmetric mechanics and their generic superfield actions can be obtained from the "root" multiplet (4,4,0) and the appropriate gauged subclasses of the generic superfield action of the latter by a simple universal recipe.
Decoupling of Supersymmetric Particles in the MSSM
Dobado, A; Peñaranda, S
1998-01-01
A heavy supersymmetric spectrum at the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model is considered and the decoupling from the low energy electroweak scale is analyzed. A formal and partial proof of decoupling of supersymmetric particles in the limit where their masses are larger than the electroweak scale is performed by integrating out all the sparticles to one loop and by evaluating the effective action for the standard electroweak gauge bosons $W^{\\pm}, Z$ and two-point functions of the electroweak gauge bosons and the $S, T$ and $U$ parameters, to be valid in that limit, are also presented. A discussion on how the decoupling takes place in terms of both the physical sparticle masses and the non-physical mass parameters as the $\\mu$-parameter and the soft-breaking parameters is included.
Supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gouba, L., E-mail: lgouba@ictp.it [Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Strada Costiera 11, 34014 Trieste (Italy); Stern, A., E-mail: astern@bama.ua.edu [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Al 35487 (United States)
2012-04-11
We obtain a minimal supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra and study its representations. The construction differs from the general approach given in Hatsuda and Siegel ( (arXiv:hep-th/0311002)) and does not utilize super-de Sitter groups. The spectra of the position operators are discrete, implying a lattice description of space, and the lattice is compatible with supersymmetry transformations. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra is constructed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The extension is minimal and the construction does not involve supersymmetric de Sitter algebras. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An involution is defined for the system and discrete representations are constructed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The representations imply a spatial lattice and the lattice spacing is half that of the bosonic case. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A differential operator representation is given for fields on super-momentum space.
Invariant Regularization of Supersymmetric Chiral Gauge Theory
Suzuki, H
1999-01-01
We present a regularization scheme which respects the supersymmetry and the maximal background gauge covariance in supersymmetric chiral gauge theories. When the anomaly cancellation condition is satisfied, the effective action in the superfield background field method automatically restores the gauge invariance without counterterms. The scheme also provides a background gauge covariant definition of composite operators that is especially useful in analyzing anomalies. We present several applications: The minimal consistent gauge anomaly; the super-chiral anomaly and the superconformal anomaly; as the corresponding anomalous commutators, the Konishi anomaly and an anomalous supersymmetric transformation law of the supercurrent (the ``central extension'' of N=1 supersymmetry algebra) and of the R-current.
Softly Broken Supersymmetric Gauge Theories through Compactifications
Takenaga, K
1998-01-01
Effects of boundary conditions of fields for compactified space directions on the supersymmetric gauge theories are discussed. For general and possible boundary conditions the supersymmetry is explicitly broken to yield universal soft supersymmetry breaking terms, and the gauge symmetry of the theory can also be broken through the dynamics of non-integrable phases, depending on number and the representation under the gauge group of matters. The 4-dimensional supersymmetric QCD is studied as a toy model when one of the space coordinates is compactified on $S^1$.
Just so oscillations in supersymmetric standard model
Joshipura, A S; Anjan S Joshipura; Marek Nowakowski
1995-01-01
We analyze the spectrum and mixing among neutrinos in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with explicit breaking of R parity. It is shown that ({\\em i}) the mixing among neutrinos is naturally large and ({\\em ii}) the non zero neutrino mass is constrained to be \\leq 10^{-5} eV from arguments based on baryogenesis. Thus vacuum oscillations of neutrinos in this model may offer a solution of the solar neutrino problem. The allowed space of the supersymmetric parameters consistent with this solution is determined.
Supersymmetric asymptotic safety is not guaranteed
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Intriligator, Kenneth; Sannino, Francesco
2015-01-01
It was recently shown that certain perturbatively accessible, non-supersymmetric gauge-Yukawa theories have UV asymptotic safety, without asymptotic freedom: the UV theory is an interacting RG fixed point, and the IR theory is free. We here investigate the possibility of asymptotic safety...... in supersymmetric theories, and use unitarity bounds, and the a-theorem, to rule it out in broad classes of theories. The arguments apply without assuming perturbation theory. Therefore, the UV completion of a non-asymptotically free susy theory must have additional, non-obvious degrees of freedom, such as those...
Supersymmetric radiative corrections at large tan {beta}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Logan, H.E.
2001-02-20
In the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM), fermion masses and Yukawa couplings receive radiative corrections at one loop from diagrams involving the supersymmetric particles. The corrections to the relation between down-type fermion masses and Yukawa couplings are enhanced by tan {beta}, which makes them potentially very significant at large tan {beta}. These corrections affect a wide range of processes in the MSSM, including neutral and charged Higgs phenomenology, rare B meson decays, and renormalization of the CKM matrix. We give a pedagogical review of the sources and phenomenological effects of these corrections.
Supersymmetric asymptotic safety is not guaranteed
Intriligator, Kenneth
2015-01-01
It was recently shown that certain perturbatively accessible, non-supersymmetric gauge-Yukawa theories have UV asymptotic safety, without asymptotic freedom: the UV theory is an interacting RG fixed point, and the IR theory is free. We here investigate the possibility of asymptotic safety in supersymmetric theories, and use unitarity bounds, and the a-theorem, to rule it out in broad classes of theories. The arguments apply without assuming perturbation theory. Therefore, the UV completion of a non-asymptotically free susy theory must have additional, non-obvious degrees of freedom, such as those of an asymptotically free (perhaps magnetic dual) extension.
Analysis of Leptogenesis in Supersymmetric Triplet Seesaw Model
Chun, E J
2007-01-01
We analyze leptogenesis in a supersymmetric triplet seesaw scenario that explains the observed neutrino masses, adopting a phenomenological approach where the decay branching ratios of the triplets and the amount of CP--violation in its different decay channels are assumed as free parameters. We find that the solutions of the relevant Boltzmann equations lead to a rich phenomenology, in particular much more complex compared to the non--supersymmetric case, mainly due to the presence of an additional Higgs doublet. Several unexpected and counter--intuitive behaviors emerge from our analysis: the amount of CP violation in one of the decay channels can prove to be be irrelevant to the final lepton asymmetry, leading to successful leptogenesis even in scenarios with a vanishing CP violation in the leptonic sector; gauge annihilations can be the dominant effect in the determination of the evolution of the triplet density up to very high values of its mass, leading anyway to a sizeable final lepton asymmetry, which...
Angular Momentum of Supersymmetric Non-isotropic Traps
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XU Qiang
2001-01-01
A simple way to explain quantum behavior of supersymmetric non-isotropic traps is proposed in the framework of sermiunitary formulation of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Using semiunitary formulation we can simultaneously supersymmetrize the complete set of observables, especially including angular moment.
5D Maximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills on the Lattice
Joseph, Anosh
2016-01-01
We provide details of the lattice construction of five-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. The lattice theory is supersymmetric, gauge invariant and free from spectrum doublers. Such a supersymmetric lattice formulation is interesting as it can be used for non-perturbative explorations of the five-dimensional theory, which has a known gravitational dual.
LOCAL DISCONTINUOUS GALERKIN METHODS FOR THREE CLASSES OF NONLINEAR WAVE EQUATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yan Xu; Chi-wang Shu
2004-01-01
In this paper, we further develop the local discontinuous Galerkin method to solve three classes of nonlinear wave equations formulated by the general KdV-Burgers type equations, the general fifth-order KdV type equations and the fully nonlinear K(n, n, n)equations, and prove their stability for these general classes of nonlinear equations. The schemes we present extend the previous work of Yan and Shu [30, 31] and of Levy, Shu and Yan [24] on local discontinuous Galerkin method solving partial differential equations with higher spatial derivatives. Numerical examples for nonlinear problems are shown to illustrate the accuracy and capability of the methods. The numerical experiments include stationary solitons, soliton interactions and oscillatory solitary wave solutions.The numerical experiments also include the compacton solutions of a generalized fifthorder KdV equation in which the highest order derivative term is nonlinear and the fully nonlinear K(n, n, n) equations.
Hamiltonian formulation of SL(3) Ur-KdV equation
Chung, B K; Nam, S; Nam, Soonkeon
1993-01-01
We give a unified view of the relation between the $SL(2)$ KdV, the mKdV, and the Ur-KdV equations through the Fr\\'{e}chet derivatives and their inverses. For this we introduce a new procedure of obtaining the Ur-KdV equation, where we require that it has no non-local operators. We extend this method to the $SL(3)$ KdV equation, i.e., Boussinesq(Bsq) equation and obtain the hamiltonian structure of Ur-Bsq equationin a simple form. In particular, we explicitly construct the hamiltonian operator of the Ur-Bsq system which defines the poisson structure of the system, through the Fr\\'{e}chet derivative and its inverse.
Cosmology and the Korteweg-de Vries Equation
Lidsey, James E
2012-01-01
The Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation is a non-linear wave equation that has played a fundamental role in diverse branches of mathematical and theoretical physics. In the present paper, we consider its significance to cosmology. It is found that the KdV equation arises in a number of important scenarios, including inflationary cosmology, the cyclic universe, loop quantum cosmology and braneworld models. Analogies can be drawn between cosmic dynamics and the propagation of the solitonic wave solution to the equation, whereby quantities such as the speed and amplitude profile of the wave can be identified with cosmological parameters such as the spectral index of the density perturbation spectrum and the energy density of the universe. The unique mathematical properties of the Schwarzian derivative operator are important to the analysis. A connection with dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates is briefly discussed.
Operator splitting for well-posed active scalar equations
Holden, Helge; Karper, Trygve K
2012-01-01
We analyze operator splitting methods applied to scalar equations with a nonlinear advection operator, and a linear (local or nonlocal) diffusion operator or a linear dispersion operator. The advection velocity is determined from the scalar unknown itself and hence the equations are so-called active scalar equations. Examples are provided by the surface quasi-geostrophic and aggregation equations. In addition, Burgers-type equations with fractional diffusion as well as the KdV and Kawahara equations are covered. Our main result is that the Godunov and Strang splitting methods converge with the expected rates provided the initial data is sufficiently regular.
Yin, J. L.; Xing, Q. Q.; Tian, L. X.
2015-03-01
The behavior of non-smooth solitary waves switching to chaos is studied. Firstly, we present some singular homoclinic orbits of an unperturbed system. These singular homoclinic orbits correspond to non-smooth solutions. Secondly, we find that the peculiar solitary waves are more likely to be chaos by using the Melnikov theory. Finally, chaos thresholds under different amplitudes and frequencies of a periodic perturbation are given. One interesting finding is that there exists a peculiar perturbation frequency, which has significant effect on the system. The system is not well-controlled under this frequency. However, the system can be well controlled, when the frequency of the perturbation surpasses the peculiar perturbation frequency with fixed parameters of the unperturbed system.
Minimal String Theory and the Douglas Equation
Belavin, A. A.; Belavin, V. A.
We use the connection between the Frobenius manifold and the Douglas string equation to further investigate Minimal Liouville gravity. We search for a solution of the Douglas string equation and simultaneously a proper transformation from the KdV to the Liouville frame which ensures the fulfilment of the conformal and fusion selection rules. We find that the desired solution of the string equation has an explicit and simple form in the flat coordinates on the Frobenius manifold in the general case of (p,q) Minimal Liouville gravity.
Computing Maximally Supersymmetric Scattering Amplitudes
Stankowicz, James Michael, Jr.
This dissertation reviews work in computing N = 4 super-Yang--Mills (sYM) and N = 8 maximally supersymmetric gravity (mSUGRA) scattering amplitudes in D = 4 spacetime dimensions in novel ways. After a brief introduction and overview in Ch. 1, the various techniques used to construct amplitudes in the remainder of the dissertation are discussed in Ch. 2. This includes several new concepts such as d log and pure integrand bases, as well as how to construct the amplitude using exactly one kinematic point where it vanishes. Also included in this chapter is an outline of the Mathematica package on shell diagrams and numerics.m (osdn) that was developed for the computations herein. The rest of the dissertation is devoted to explicit examples. In Ch. 3, the starting point is tree-level sYM amplitudes that have integral representations with residues that obey amplitude relations. These residues are shown to have corresponding residue numerators that allow a double copy prescription that results in mSUGRA residues. In Ch. 4, the two-loop four-point sYM amplitude is constructed in several ways, showcasing many of the techniques of Ch. 2; this includes an example of how to use osdn. The two-loop five-point amplitude is also presented in a pure integrand representation with comments on how it was constructed from one homogeneous cut of the amplitude. On-going work on the two-loop n-point amplitude is presented at the end of Ch. 4. In Ch. 5, the three-loop four-point amplitude is presented in the d log representation and in the pure integrand representation. In Ch. 6, there are several examples of four- through seven-loop planar diagrams that illustrate how considerations of the singularity structure of the amplitude underpin dual-conformal invariance. Taken with the previous examples, this is additional evidence that the structure known to exist in the planar sector extends to the full theory. At the end of this chapter is a proof that all mSUGRA amplitudes have a pole at
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chau, L.L.
1983-01-01
Integrable properties, i.e., existence of linear systems, infinite number of conservation laws, Reimann-Hilbert transforms, affine Lie algebra of Kac-Moody, and Bianchi-Baecklund transformation, are discussed for the constraint equations of the supersymmetric Yang-Mills fields. For N greater than or equal to 3 these constraint equations give equations of motion of the fields. These equations of motion reduce to the ordinary Yang-Mills equations as the spinor and scalar fields are eliminated. These understandings provide a possible method to solve the full Yang-Mills equations. Connections with other non-linear systems are also discussed. 53 references.
Photon structure function in supersymmetric QCD revisited
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sahara, Ryo, E-mail: sahara@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Uematsu, Tsuneo, E-mail: uematsu@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Kitadono, Yoshio, E-mail: kitadono@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan (China)
2012-02-07
We investigate the virtual photon structure function in the supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), where we have squarks and gluinos in addition to the quarks and gluons. Taking into account the heavy particle mass effects to the leading order in QCD and SQCD we evaluate the photon structure function and numerically study its behavior for the QCD and SQCD cases.
Photon Structure Function in Supersymmetric QCD Revisited
Sahara, Ryo; Kitadono, Yoshio
2011-01-01
We investigate the virtual photon structure function in the supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), where we have squarks and gluinos in addition to the quarks and gluons. Taking into account the heavy particle mass effects to the leading order in QCD and SQCD we evaluate the photon structure function and numerically study its behavior for the QCD and SQCD cases.
Neutrino masses and mixing in supersymmetric theories
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Sudhir K Vempati
2000-07-01
It has been known for sometime that supersymmetric theories with -parity violation provide a natural framework where small neutrino masses can be generated. We discuss neutrino masses and mixing in these theories in the presence of trilinear lepton number violating couplings. It will be shown that simultaneous solutions to solar and atmospheric neutrino problems can be realized in these models.
Spectral properties of supersymmetric shape invariant potentials
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Barnali Chakrabarti
2008-01-01
We present the spectral properties of supersymmetric shape invariant potentials (SIPs). Although the folded spectrum is completely random, unfolded spectrum shows that energy levels are highly correlated and absolutely rigid. All the SIPs exhibit harmonic oscillator-type spectral statistics in the unfolded spectrum. We conjecture that this is the reflection of shape invariant symmetry.
Partition functions for supersymmetric black holes
Manschot, J.
2008-01-01
This thesis presents a number of results on partition functions for four-dimensional supersymmetric black holes. These partition functions are important tools to explain the entropy of black holes from a microscopic point of view. Such a microscopic explanation was desired after the association of a
Supersymmetric integrable scattering theories with unstable particles
Fring, A
2005-01-01
We propose scattering matrices for N=1 supersymmetric integrable quantum field theories in 1+1 dimensions which involve unstable particles in their spectra. By means of the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz we analyze the ultraviolet behaviour of some of these theories and identify the effective Virasoro central charge of the underlying conformal field theories.
A renormalizable supersymmetric SO(10) model
Chen, Ying-Kang
2015-01-01
A realistic grand unified model has never been constructed in the literature due to three major difficulties: the seesaw mechanism without spoiling gauge coupling unification, the doublet-triplet splitting and the proton decay suppression. We propose a renormalizable supersymmetric SO(10) model with all these difficulties solved naturally.