Fermilab Tevatron and CERN LEP II probes of minimal and string-motivated supergravity models
Baer, Howard W; Kao, C; Pois, H
1995-01-01
We explore the ability of the Tevatron to probe Minimal Supersymmetry with high energy scale boundary conditions motivated by supersymmetry breaking in the context of supergravity/superstring theory. A number of boundary condition possibilities are considered: dilaton-like string boundary conditions applied at the standard GUT unification scale or alternatively at the string scale; and extreme (``no-scale'') minimal supergravity boundary conditions imposed at the GUT scale or string scale. For numerous specific cases within each scenario the sparticle spectra are computed and then fed into ISAJET 7.07 so that explicit signatures can be examined in detail. We find that, for some of the boundary condition choices, large regions of parameter space can be explored via same-sign dilepton and isolated trilepton signals. For other choices, the mass reach of Tevatron collider experiments is much more limited. We also compare mass reach of Tevatron experiments with the corresponding reach at LEP 200.
Freedman, Daniel Z
2012-01-01
Supergravity, together with string theory, is one of the most significant developments in theoretical physics. Written by two of the most respected workers in the field, this is the first-ever authoritative and systematic account of supergravity. The book starts by reviewing aspects of relativistic field theory in Minkowski spacetime. After introducing the relevant ingredients of differential geometry and gravity, some basic supergravity theories (D=4 and D=11) and the main gauge theory tools are explained. In the second half of the book, complex geometry and N=1 and N=2 supergravity theories are covered. Classical solutions and a chapter on AdS/CFT complete the book. Numerous exercises and examples make it ideal for Ph.D. students, and with applications to model building, cosmology and solutions of supergravity theories, it is also invaluable to researchers.
Cosmological Attractor Models and Higher Curvature Supergravity
Cecotti, Sergio
2014-01-01
We study cosmological $\\alpha$-attractors in superconformal/supergravity models, where $\\alpha$ is related to the geometry of the moduli space. For $\\alpha=1$ attractors \\cite{Kallosh:2013hoa} we present a generalization of the previously known manifestly superconformal higher curvature supergravity model \\cite{Cecotti:1987sa}. The relevant standard 2-derivative supergravity with a minimum of two chiral multiplets is shown to be dual to a 4-derivative higher curvature supergravity, where in general one of the chiral superfields is traded for a curvature superfield. There is a degenerate case when both matter superfields become non-dynamical and there is only a chiral curvature superfield, pure higher derivative supergravity. Generic $\\alpha$-models \\cite{Kallosh:2013yoa} interpolate between the attractor point at $\\alpha=0$ and generic chaotic inflation models at large $\\alpha$, in the limit when the inflaton moduli space becomes flat. They have higher derivative duals with the same number of matter fields as...
N=2 supergravity models with stable de Sitter vacua
Fré, P; Van Proeyen, A; Fre', Pietro; Trigiante, Mario; Proeyen, Antoine Van
2003-01-01
In the present talk I shall review the construction of N=2 supergravity models exhibiting stable de Sitter vacua. These solutions represent the first instance of stable backgrounds with positive cosmological constant in the framework of extended supergravities (N >=2). After briefly reviewing the role of de Sitter space--times in inflationary cosmology, I shall describe the main ingredients which were necessary for the construction of gauged N=2 supergravity models admitting stable solutions of this kind.
Standard Model Fermions and N=8 supergravity
Meissner, Krzysztof A
2014-01-01
In a scheme originally proposed by M. Gell-Mann, and subsequently shown to be realized at the SU(3)xU(1) stationary point of maximal gauged SO(8) supergravity by N. Warner and one of the present authors, the 48 spin 1/2 fermions of the theory remaining after the removal of eight Goldstinos can be identified with the 48 quarks and leptons (including right-chiral neutrinos) of the Standard Model, provided one identifies the residual SU(3) with the diagonal subgroup of the color group SU(3)_c and a family symmetry SU(3)_f. However, there remained a systematic mismatch in the electric charges by a spurion charge of $\\pm$1/6. We here identify the `missing' U(1) that rectifies this mismatch, and that takes a surprisingly simple, though unexpected form.
Standard model fermions and N=8 supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nicolai, Hermann [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Muehlenberg 1, Potsdam-Golm (Germany)
2016-07-01
In a scheme originally proposed by Gell-Mann, and subsequently shown to be realized at the SU(3) x U(1) stationary point of maximal gauged SO(8) supergravity, the 48 spin-1/2 fermions of the theory remaining after the removal of eight Goldstinos can be identified with the 48 quarks and leptons (including right-chiral neutrinos) of the Standard model, provided one identifies the residual SU(3) with the diagonal subgroup of the color group SU(3){sub c} and a family symmetry SU(3){sub f}. However, there remained a systematic mismatch in the electric charges by a spurion charge of ± 1/6. We here identify the ''missing'' U(1) that rectifies this mismatch, and that takes a surprisingly simple, though unexpected form, and show how it is related to the conjectured R symmetry K(E10) of M Theory.
M(atrix) model interaction with 11D supergravity
Bandos, Igor A
2010-01-01
We present the equations of motion for multiple M0-brane (mM0) system in an arbitrary curved supergravity superspace which generalizes the M(atrix) model equations for the case of arbitrary supergravity background. Although these were obtained in the frame of superembedding approach to mM0, we do not make a review of this approach in this contribution but concentrate discussion on the structure of the equations.
The electroweak phase transition in minimal supergravity models
Nanopoulos, Dimitri V
1994-01-01
We have explored the electroweak phase transition in minimal supergravity models by extending previous analysis of the one-loop Higgs potential to include finite temperature effects. Minimal supergravity is characterized by two higgs doublets at the electroweak scale, gauge coupling unification, and universal soft-SUSY breaking at the unification scale. We have searched for the allowed parameter space that avoids washout of baryon number via unsuppressed anomalous Electroweak sphaleron processes after the phase transition. This requirement imposes strong constraints on the Higgs sector. With respect to weak scale baryogenesis, we find that the generic MSSM is {\\it not} phenomenologically acceptable, and show that the additional experimental and consistency constraints of minimal supergravity restricts the mass of the lightest CP-even Higgs even further to $m_h\\lsim 32\\GeV$ (at one loop), also in conflict with experiment. Thus, if supergravity is to allow for baryogenesis via any other mechanism above the weak...
A minimal four-family supergravity model
Gunion, J F; Pois, H; McKay, Douglas W
1996-01-01
We investigate the phenomenology of minimal four-family MSSM supergravity theories containing an additional generation of heavy fermions along with their superpartners. We demand: gauge coupling constant unification at high energy scales; perturbative values for all Yukawa couplings for energy scales \\leq \\mgut; radiative electroweak symmetry breaking via renormalization group evolution; and a neutral LSP. The perturbative constraints imply a light fourth-family quark and lepton spectrum, and \\tanb\\lsim 3. The lightest CP-even Higgs mass is increased. Fourth-family Yukawa coupling contributions to the evolution of scalar masses lead to unexpected mass hierarchies; \\eg\\ the \\staupone is generally the lightest slepton and the lightest squark is the \\wt\\bpr_1. A significant lower bound is placed on the gluino mass by the requirement that the \\staupone not be the LSP. Sleptons of the first two families are much more massive compared to the LSP and other neutralinos and charginos than in the three-family models, a...
New constraints on supergravity models from b --> s$\\gamma$
López, J L; Wang, X; Zichichi, Antonino
1995-01-01
We perform a detailed study of the constraints from b\\to s\\gamma on a large class of supergravity models, including generic four-parameter supergravity models, the minimal SU(5) supergravity model, and SU(5)\\times U(1) supergravity. For each point in the parameter spaces of these models we obtain a range of B(b\\to s\\gamma) values which should conservatively account for the unknown next-to-leading-order QCD corrections. We then classify these points into three categories: ``excluded" points have ranges of B(b\\to s\\gamma) which do not overlap with the experimentally allowed range, ``preferred" points have B(b\\to s\\gamma) ranges which overlap with the Standard Model prediction, and ``Ok" points are neither ``excluded" nor ``preferred" but may become ``excluded" should new CLEO data be consistent with the Standard Model prediction. In {\\em all} cases we observe a strong tendency for the ``preferred" points towards one sign of the Higgs mixing parameter \\mu. For the opposite sign of \\mu there is an upper bound on ...
Sparticle and Higgs Production and Detection at LEPII in two Supergravity Models
López, J L; Pois, H; Wang, X; Zichichi, Antonino
1993-01-01
We study the most promising signals for supersymmetry at LEPII in the context of two well motivated supergravity models: (i) the minimal $SU(5)$ supergravity model including the stringent constraints from proton stability and a not too young Universe, and (ii) a recently proposed string-inspired no-scale flipped $SU(5)$ supergravity model. Our computations span the neutralino, chargino, slepton, and Higgs sectors together with their interconnections in this class of models. We find that the number of `mixed' (1-lepton + 2-jets + $\\slash{p}$) events occuring in the decay of pair-produced charginos ($\\chi^\\pm_1$) is quite significant (per ${\\cal L}=100pb^{-1}$) for both models and that these predictions do not overlap. That is, if $m_{\\chi^\\pm_1}<100$ GeV then LEPII should be able to exclude at least one of the two models. In the no-scale flipped $SU(5)$ model we find that the number of acoplanar di-electron events from selectron pair production should allow for exploration of selectron masses up to the kine...
Trigiante, Mario
2016-01-01
We give a general review of extended supergravities and their gauging using the duality-covariant embedding tensor formalism. Although the focus is on four-dimensional theories, an overview of the gauging procedure and the related tensor hierarchy in the higher-dimensional models is given. The relation of gauged supergravities to flux compactifications is discussed and examples are worked out in detail.
Trigiante, Mario
2017-03-01
We give a general review of extended supergravities and their gauging using the duality-covariant embedding tensor formalism. Although the focus is on four-dimensional theories, an overview of the gauging procedure and the related tensor hierarchy in the higher-dimensional models is given. The relation of gauged supergravities to flux compactifications is discussed and examples are worked out in detail.
SUSY flavor structure of generic 5D supergravity models
Abe, Hiroyuki; Sakamura, Yutaka; Yamada, Yusuke
2011-01-01
We perform a comprehensive and systematic analysis of the SUSY flavor structure of generic 5D supergravity models on $S^1/Z_2$ with multiple $Z_2$-odd vector multiplets that generate multiple moduli. The SUSY flavor problem can be avoided due to contact terms in the 4D effective K\\"ahler potential peculiar to the multi-moduli case. A detailed phenomenological analysis is provided based on an illustrative model.
Chaotic inflation from nonlinear sigma models in supergravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Simeon Hellerman
2015-03-01
Full Text Available We present a common solution to the puzzles of the light Higgs or quark masses and the need for a shift symmetry and large field values in high scale chaotic inflation. One way to protect, for example, the Higgs from a large supersymmetric mass term is if it is the Nambu–Goldstone boson (NGB of a nonlinear sigma model. However, it is well known that nonlinear sigma models (NLSMs with nontrivial Kähler transformations are problematic to couple to supergravity. An additional field is necessary to make the Kähler potential of the NLSM invariant in supergravity. This field must have a shift symmetry — making it a candidate for the inflaton (or axion. We give an explicit example of such a model for the coset space SU(3/SU(2×U(1, with the Higgs as the NGB, including breaking the inflaton's shift symmetry and producing a chaotic inflation potential. This construction can also be applied to other models, such as one based on E7/SO(10×U(1×U(1 which incorporates the first two generations of (light quarks as the Nambu–Goldstone multiplets, and has an axion in addition to the inflaton. Along the way we clarify and connect previous work on understanding NLSMs in supergravity and the origin of the extra field (which is the inflaton here, including a connection to Witten–Bagger quantization. This framework has wide applications to model building; a light particle from a NLSM requires, in supergravity, exactly the structure for chaotic inflaton or an axion.
Chaotic inflation from nonlinear sigma models in supergravity
Hellerman, Simeon; Kehayias, John; Yanagida, Tsutomu T.
2015-03-01
We present a common solution to the puzzles of the light Higgs or quark masses and the need for a shift symmetry and large field values in high scale chaotic inflation. One way to protect, for example, the Higgs from a large supersymmetric mass term is if it is the Nambu-Goldstone boson (NGB) of a nonlinear sigma model. However, it is well known that nonlinear sigma models (NLSMs) with nontrivial Kähler transformations are problematic to couple to supergravity. An additional field is necessary to make the Kähler potential of the NLSM invariant in supergravity. This field must have a shift symmetry - making it a candidate for the inflaton (or axion). We give an explicit example of such a model for the coset space SU (3) / SU (2) × U (1), with the Higgs as the NGB, including breaking the inflaton's shift symmetry and producing a chaotic inflation potential. This construction can also be applied to other models, such as one based on E7 / SO (10) × U (1) × U (1) which incorporates the first two generations of (light) quarks as the Nambu-Goldstone multiplets, and has an axion in addition to the inflaton. Along the way we clarify and connect previous work on understanding NLSMs in supergravity and the origin of the extra field (which is the inflaton here), including a connection to Witten-Bagger quantization. This framework has wide applications to model building; a light particle from a NLSM requires, in supergravity, exactly the structure for chaotic inflaton or an axion.
Aspects of radiative electroweak breaking in supergravity models
Kelley, S; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V; Pois, H; Yuan, K
1993-01-01
We discuss several aspects of state-of-the-art calculations of radiative electroweak symmetry breaking in supergravity models. These models have a five-dimensional parameter space in contrast with the 21-dimensional one of the MSSM. We examine the Higgs one-loop effective potential $V_1=V_0+\\Delta V$, in particular how its renormalization-scale ($Q$) independence is affected by the approximations used to calculate $\\Delta V$ and by the presence of a Higgs-field-independent term which makes $V_1(0)\
On Gravitino properties in a Conformal Supergravity Model
Mavromatos, Nick E
2013-01-01
In the context of a conformal Supergravity (SUGRA) model in the Einstein frame, in which the (next to) minimal supersymmetric standard model can embedded naturally to produce chaotic inflation scenarios, we study properties of gravitino in the cases where it is stable or unstable. In the latter case, we demonstrate that for large dilaton scale factors there is an enhanced magnitude of the gravitino width, when it decays to neutralino dark matter, as compared with the standard SUGRA case. In this context, we discuss the associated consequences as far as Big Bang Nucleosynthesis constraints and avoidance of gravitino overproduction are concerned.
Chaotic Inflation from Nonlinear Sigma Models in Supergravity
Hellerman, Simeon; Yanagida, Tsutomu T
2014-01-01
We present a common solution to the puzzles of the light Higgs or quark masses and the need for a shift symmetry and large field values in high scale chaotic inflation. One way to protect, for example, the Higgs from a large supersymmetric mass term is if it is the Nambu-Goldstone boson (NGB) of a nonlinear sigma model. However, it is well known that nonlinear sigma models (NLSMs) with nontrivial K\\"ahler transformations are problematic to couple to supergravity. An additional field is necessary to make the K\\"ahler potential of the NLSM invariant in supergravity. This field must have a shift symmetry --- making it a candidate for the inflaton (or axion). We give an explicit example of such a model for the coset space $SU(3)/SU(2) \\times U(1)$, with the Higgs as the NGB, including breaking the inflaton's shift symmetry and producing a chaotic inflation potential. This construction can also be applied to other models, such as one based on $E_7/SO(10) \\times U(1) \\times U(1)$ which incorporates the first two ge...
R-n extension of the Starobinsky model in old minimal supergravity
Özkan, Mehmet; Pang, Yi
2014-01-01
We provide a succinct way to construct the supersymmetric completion of R-n (n >= 3) in components using the superconformal formulation of old minimal supergravity. As a consequence, we obtain the polynomial f(R) supergravity extending the supersymmetric Starobinsky model to any higher power of R. T
BOOK REVIEW: Supergravity Supergravity
Gregory, Ruth
2013-02-01
Supergravity is an essential ingredient in so many areas of ultra high energy physics, yet it is rarely taught systematically, even at the graduate level. Students most often have to learn along with applying, and must use the now classic older texts. For such core material, it is surprising that there are so few good texts on the subject. It is not necessarily that supergravity is so much more conceptually complex, rather that it is technical and therefore easy for a text to become dry, dense and rather indigestible. This book, written by two experts in the field, is therefore a breath of fresh air. It not only represents a comprehensive modern overview of the subject, but achieves this with clarity, accessibility, and even humour! To paraphrase the authors, if you are not impressed by this book, you should put it down and watch television instead. It starts by reviewing, or overviewing, aspects of field theory, basic supersymmetry and gravity that will be needed for the rest of the book. This first third or so of the book is very condensed, and will not be easy to follow for those who have not encountered the material before. However, the authors acknowledge this and give plenty of suggestions for more pedagogical texts in the relevant areas, thus it does not feel overly brief. The middle section deals with the construction of supergravity, starting with basic N = 1 supergravity in 4 and 11 dimensions and gradually extending the discussion to include matter multiplets. This part of the book systematically builds up understanding and construction of models, before moving on to superconformal methods. The purpose is not to cover all supergravity theories, but to focus on a few examples in detail, and to give sufficient expertise and information for the reader to be able to deal with any other models they might need. The final part of the book deals with applications, and includes two chapters on applications in adS/CFT, which will be of most interest to new
Particle physics models of inflation in supergravity and grand unification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kostka, Philipp Manuel
2010-12-03
In the first part of this thesis, we study classes of hybrid and chaotic inflation models in four-dimensional N=1 supergravity. Therein, the {eta}-problem can be resolved relying on fundamental symmetries in the Kaehler potential. Concretely, we investigate explicit realizations of superpotentials, in which the flatness of the inflaton potential is protected at tree level by a shift symmetry or a Heisenberg symmetry in the Kaehler potential. In the latter case, the associated modulus field can be stabilized during inflation by supergravity effects. In the context of hybrid inflation, a novel class of models, to which we refer as ''tribrid inflation,'' turns out to be particularly compatible with such symmetry solutions to the {eta}-problem. Radiative corrections due to operators in the superpotential, which break the respective symmetry, generate the required small slope of the inflaton potential. Additional effective operators in the Kaehler potential can reduce the predicted spectral index so that it agrees with latest observational data. Within a model of chaotic inflation in supergravity with a quadratic potential, we apply the Heisenberg symmetry to allow for viable inflation with super-Planckian field values, while the associated modulus is stabilized. We show that radiative corrections are negligible in this context. In the second part, the tribrid inflation models are extended to realize gauge non-singlet inflation. This is applied to the matter sector of supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories based on the Pati-Salam gauge group. For the specific scenario in which the right-handed sneutrino is the inflaton, we study the scalar potential in a D-flat valley. We show that despite potentially dangerous two-loop corrections, the required flatness of the potential can be maintained. The reason for this is the strong suppression of gauge interactions of the inflaton field due to its symmetry breaking vacuum expectation value. In addition, the
Determination of Non-Universal Supergravity Models at the Large Hadron Collider
Dutta, Bhaskar; Krislock, Abram; Kolev, Nikolay; Oh, Youngdo
2010-01-01
We examine a well motivated non-universal supergravity model where the Higgs boson masses are not unified with the other scalars at the grand unified scale at the LHC. The dark matter content can easily be satisfied in this model by having a larger Higgsino component in the lightest neutralino. Typical final states in such a scenario at the LHC involve W bosons. We develop a bi-event subtraction technique to remove a huge combinatorial background to identify W -> jj decays. This is also a key technique to reconstruct supersymmetric particle masses in order to determine the model parameters. With the model parameters, we find that the dark matter content of the universe can be determined in agreement with existing experimental results.
Das, Kumar
2014-01-01
Motivated by the recent BICEP II results, we have constructed a large field N-flation model in the Supergravity framework. In this simple set-up, N fields collectively drive inflation where each field traverses sub-Planckian field values. This has been realised with a generalisation of the single field chaotic inflation in Supergravity. Interestingly, despite of the presence of the field interactions, the dynamics can be described in terms of an effective single field. The observable predictions of our model i.e. tensor to scalar ratio r and scalar spectral index n_s are akin to the chaotic inflation.
Impacts of supersymmetric higher derivative terms on inflation models in supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Aoki, Shuntaro; Yamada, Yusuke [Department of Physics, Waseda University,Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)
2015-07-14
We show the effects of supersymmetric higher derivative terms on inflation models in supergravity. The results show that such terms generically modify the effective kinetic coefficient of the inflaton during inflation if the cut off scale of the higher derivative operators is sufficiently small. In such a case, the η-problem in supergravity does not occur, and we find that the effective potential of the inflaton generically becomes a power type potential with a power smaller than two.
Higher Curvature Supergravity, Supersymmetry Breaking and Inflation
Ferrara, Sergio
2014-01-01
In these lectures, after a short introduction to cosmology, we discuss the supergravity embedding of higher curvature models of inflation. The supergravity description of such models is presented for the two different formulations of minimal supergravity.
Constrained superfields in supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dall’Agata, Gianguido; Farakos, Fotis [Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)
2016-02-16
We analyze constrained superfields in supergravity. We investigate the consistency and solve all known constraints, presenting a new class that may have interesting applications in the construction of inflationary models. We provide the superspace Lagrangians for minimal supergravity models based on them and write the corresponding theories in component form using a simplifying gauge for the goldstino couplings.
SUSY signals at HERA in the no-scale flipped SU(5) supergravity model
López, J; Wang, X; Zichichi, A; 10.1103/PhysRevD.48.4029
2009-01-01
Sparticle production and detection at HERA are studied within the recently proposed no-scale flipped $SU(5)$ supergravity model. Among the various reaction channels that could lead to sparticle production at HERA, only the following are within its limit of sensitivity in this model: $e^-p\\to \\tilde e^-_{L,R}\\chi^0_i+X, \\tilde \
The strongest experimental constraints on SU(5)xU(1) supergravity models
López, J; Park, G; Zichichi, A
1994-01-01
We consider a class of well motivated string-inspired flipped $SU(5)$ supergravity models which include four supersymmetry breaking scenarios: no-scale, strict no-scale, dilaton, and special dilaton, such that only three parameters are needed to describe all new phenomena $(m_t,\\tan\\beta,m_{\\tilde g})$. We show that the LEP precise measurements of the electroweak parameters in the form of the $\\epsilon_1$ variable, and the CLEOII allowed range for $\\bsg$ are at present the most important experimental constraints on this class of models. For $m_t\\gsim155\\,(165)\\GeV$, the $\\epsilon_1$ constraint (at 90(95)\\%CL) requires the presence of light charginos ($m_{\\chi^\\pm_1}\\lsim50-100\\GeV$ depending on $m_t$). Since all sparticle masses are proportional to $m_{\\tilde g}$, $m_{\\chi^\\pm_1}\\lsim100\\GeV$ implies: $m_{\\chi^0_1}\\lsim55\\GeV$, $m_{\\chi^0_2}\\lsim100\\GeV$, $m_{\\tilde g}\\lsim360\\GeV$, $m_{\\tilde q}\\lsim350\\,(365)\\GeV$, $m_{\\tilde e_R}\\lsim80\\,(125)\\GeV$, $m_{\\tilde e_L}\\lsim120\\,(155)\\GeV$, and $m_{\\tilde\
Minimal constrained supergravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
N. Cribiori
2017-01-01
Full Text Available We describe minimal supergravity models where supersymmetry is non-linearly realized via constrained superfields. We show that the resulting actions differ from the so called “de Sitter” supergravities because we consider constraints eliminating directly the auxiliary fields of the gravity multiplet.
No-scale supergravity realization of the Starobinsky model of inflation.
Ellis, John; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V; Olive, Keith A
2013-09-13
We present a model for cosmological inflation based on a no-scale supergravity sector with an SU(2,1)/SU(2)×U(1) Kähler potential, a single modulus T, and an inflaton superfield Φ described by a Wess-Zumino model with superpotential parameters (μ, λ). When T is fixed, this model yields a scalar spectral index n(s) and a tensor-to-scalar ratio r that are compatible with the Planck measurements for values of λ≃μ/3M(P). For the specific choice λ=μ/3M(P), the model is a no-scale supergravity realization of the R+R2 Starobinsky model.
The Simplest, String-Derivable, Supergravity Model and its Experimental Predictions
López, J; Zichichi, A
1994-01-01
We present the simplest, string-derivable, supergravity model and discuss its experimental consequences. This model is a new string-inspired flipped $SU(5)$ which unifies at the string scale $M_U=10^{18}\\GeV$ due to the introduction of an additional pair of \\r{10},\\rb{10} flipped $SU(5)$ representations which contain new intermediate scale `gap' particles. We study various model-building issues which should be addressed in string-derived incarnations of this model. We focus our study on the no-scale supergravity mechanism and explore thoroughly the three-dimensional parameter space of the model ($m_{\\tilde g},m_t,\\tan\\beta$), thus obtaining several simple relationships among the particle masses, such as: $m_{\\tilde q}\\approx m_{\\tilde g}$, $m_{\\tilde e_L}\\approx m_{\\tilde\
On SUSY Restoration in Single-Superfield Inflationary Models of Supergravity
Ketov, Sergei V
2016-01-01
We study the conditions of restoring supersymmetry (SUSY) after inflation in the supergravity-based cosmological models with a single chiral superfield and a quartic stabilization term in the K\\"ahler potential. Some new, explicit, and viable inflationary models satisfying those conditions are found. The inflaton's scalar superpartner is dynamically stabilized during and after inflation. We also demonstrate a possibility of having small and adjustable SUSY breaking with a tiny cosmological constant.
On SUSY restoration in single-superfield inflationary models of supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ketov, Sergei V. [Tokyo Metropolitan University, Department of Physics, Hachioji-shi, Tokyo (Japan); The University of Tokyo, Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU), Chiba (Japan); Tomsk Polytechnic University, Institute of Physics and Technology, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Terada, Takahiro [Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, Pohang (Korea, Republic of)
2016-08-15
We study the conditions of restoring supersymmetry (SUSY) after inflation in the supergravity-based cosmological models with a single chiral superfield and a quartic stabilization term in the Kaehler potential. Some new, explicit, and viable inflationary models satisfying those conditions are found. The inflaton's scalar superpartner is dynamically stabilized during and after inflation. We also demonstrate a possibility of having small and adjustable SUSY breaking with a tiny cosmological constant. (orig.)
On SUSY restoration in single-superfield inflationary models of supergravity
Ketov, Sergei V.; Terada, Takahiro
2016-08-01
We study the conditions of restoring supersymmetry (SUSY) after inflation in the supergravity-based cosmological models with a single chiral superfield and a quartic stabilization term in the Kähler potential. Some new, explicit, and viable inflationary models satisfying those conditions are found. The inflaton's scalar superpartner is dynamically stabilized during and after inflation. We also demonstrate a possibility of having small and adjustable SUSY breaking with a tiny cosmological constant.
Deformations of gauged SO(8) supergravity and supergravity in eleven dimensions
Wit, B. de; Nicolai, H.
2013-01-01
Motivated by the fact that there exists a continuous one-parameter family of gauged SO(8) supergravities, possible eleven-dimensional origins of this phenomenon are explored. Taking the original proof of the consistency of the truncation of 11D supergravity to SO(8) gauged supergravity as a starting
Supersymmetry, supergravity, and unification
Nath, Pran
2017-01-01
This unique book gives a modern account of particle physics and gravity based on supersymmetry and supergravity, two of the most significant developments in theoretical physics since general relativity. The book begins with a brief overview of the history of unification and then goes into a detailed exposition of both fundamental and phenomenological topics. The topics in fundamental physics include Einstein gravity, Yang-Mills theory, anomalies, the standard model, supersymmetry and supergravity, and the construction of supergravity couplings with matter and gauge fields, as well as computational techniques for SO(10) couplings. The topics of phenomenological interest include implications of supergravity models at colliders, CP violation, and proton stability, as well as topics in cosmology such as inflation, leptogenesis, baryogenesis, and dark matter. The book is intended for graduate students and researchers seeking to master the techniques for building grand unified models.
Kappa-symmetry of superstring sigma model and generalized 10d supergravity equations
Wulff, L
2016-01-01
We determine the constraints imposed on the 10d target superspace geometry by the requirement of classical kappa-symmetry of the Green-Schwarz superstring. In the type I case we find that the background must satisfy a generalization of type I supergravity equations. These equations depend on an arbitrary vector X_a and imply the one-loop scale invariance of the GS sigma model. In the special case when X_a is the gradient of a scalar \\phi (dilaton) one recovers the standard type I equations equivalent to the 2d Weyl invariance conditions of the superstring sigma model. In the type II case we find a generalized version of the 10d supergravity equations the bosonic part of which was introduced in arXiv:1511.05795. These equations depend on two vectors \\X_a and K_a subject to 1st order differential relations (with the equations in the NS-NS sector depending only on the combination X_a = \\X_a + K_a). In the special case of K_a=0 one finds that \\X_a=\\d_a \\phi and thus obtains the standard type II supergravity equat...
Ferrara, Sergio; Porrati, Massimo
2015-01-01
We formulate $R^2$ pure supergravity as a scale invariant theory built only in terms of superfields describing the geometry of curved superspace. The standard supergravity duals are obtained in both "old" and "new" minimal formulations of auxiliary fields. These theories have massless fields in de Sitter space as they do in their non supersymmetric counterpart. Remarkably, the dual theory of $R^2$ supergravity in the new minimal formulation is an extension of the Freedman model, describing a massless gauge field and a massless chiral multiplet in de Sitter space, with inverse radius proportional to the Fayet-Iliopoulos term. This model can be interpreted as the "de-Higgsed" phase of the dual companion theory of $R+R^2$ supergravity.
Kappa-symmetry of superstring sigma model and generalized 10d supergravity equations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tseytlin, A.A.; Wulff, L. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College,London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)
2016-06-29
We determine the constraints imposed on the 10d target superspace geometry by the requirement of classical kappa-symmetry of the Green-Schwarz superstring. In the type I case we find that the background must satisfy a generalization of type I supergravity equations. These equations depend on an arbitrary vector X{sub a} and imply the one-loop scale invariance of the GS sigma model. In the special case when X{sub a} is the gradient of a scalar ϕ (dilaton) one recovers the standard type I equations equivalent to the 2d Weyl invariance conditions of the superstring sigma model. In the type II case we find a generalized version of the 10d supergravity equations the bosonic part of which was introduced in http://arxiv.org/abs/1511.05795. These equations depend on two vectors X{sub a} and K{sub a} subject to 1st order differential relations (with the equations in the NS-NS sector depending only on the combination X{sub a}=X{sub a}+K{sub a}). In the special case of K{sub a}=0 one finds that X{sub a}=∂{sub a}ϕ and thus obtains the standard type II supergravity equations. New generalized solutions are found if K{sub a} is chosen to be a Killing vector (and thus they exist only if the metric admits an isometry). Non-trivial solutions of the generalized equations describe K-isometric backgrounds that can be mapped by T-duality to type II supergravity solutions with dilaton containing a linear isometry-breaking term. Examples of such backgrounds appeared recently in the context of integrable η-deformations of AdS{sub n}×S{sup n} sigma models. The classical kappa-symmetry thus does not, in general, imply the 2d Weyl invariance conditions for the GS sigma model (equivalent to type II supergravity equations) but only weaker scale invariance type conditions.
Nath, Pran
A review of recent developments in the applications of N=1 Supergravity to the construction of unified models of elementary particle interactions is given. Couplings of N=1 Supergravity with matter consisting of an arbitrary set of l handed multiplets and a gauge multiplet are discussed. General formulation of spontaneous symmetry breaking and the criteria for breaking of internal symmetry and of local supersymmetry are described. Construction of specific Supergrvity GUT models, the gauge heirarchy in GUT models and a deduction of the low energy effective potential are discussed. The phenomena of SU(2)XU(1) electro-weak gauge invariance breakdown by Supergravity in tree models and by radiative corrections using renormalization group methods are described. Model independent formulations of low energy physics which encompass tree and the renormalization group methods of breaking SU(2)XU(1), but also allow more general scenarios are discussed. The particle content of Supergravity unified theories at low energy is given which includes predictions, for a class of supergravity models, of light gauge fermins, i.e. of a charged Dirac fermion, the Wino, with a mass below the W boson mass and a neutral fermion, the Zino, below the mass of the Z boson mass. "Direct" gaugino masses arising from loops for the photino and the gluino, (which are massless at the tree level) are exhibited. Decays of the W and Z into photino. Vino, and Zino modes and their branching ratios into various channels are given. Experimental signals for the supersymmetrie decays are discussed and some prominent signatures such as decays into one and two jets with unbalanced energy and momentum are pointed out. The current status of the ρ-parameter, including supergravity GUT effects is given. Other experimental consequences of supergravity unified theories are also discussed.
Supergravity background of lambda-deformed model for AdS2 x S2 supercoset
Borsato, R; Wulff, L
2016-01-01
Starting with the F/G supercoset model corresponding to the AdS_n x S^n superstring one can define the lambda-model of arXiv:1409.1538 either as a deformation of the F/F gauged WZW model or as an integrable one-parameter generalization of the non-abelian T-dual of the AdS_n x S^n superstring sigma model with respect to the whole supergroup F. Here we consider the case of n=2 and find the explicit form of the 4d target space background for the lambda-model for the PSU(1,1|2)/[SO(1,1) x SO(2)] supercoset. We show that this background represents a solution of type IIB 10d supergravity compactified on a 6-torus with only metric, dilaton Phi and the RR 5-form (represented by a 2-form F in 4d) being non-trivial. This implies that the lambda-model is Weyl invariant at the quantum level and thus defines a consistent superstring sigma model. The supergravity solution we find is different from the one in arXiv:1410.1886 which should correspond to a version of the lambda-model where only the bosonic subgroup of F is gau...
Charged Higgs mass bound from the b --> s$\\gamma$ process in the minimal supergravity model
Goto, T; Goto, Toru; Okada, Yasuhiro
1994-01-01
We study the constraint on the mass of the charged Higgs boson in the minimal supergravity model based on the recent measurement of the inclusive b\\rightarrow s\\gamma decay. It is shown that the lower bound for the charged Higgs mass crucially depends on the sign of the higgsino mass parameter (\\mu). For \\mu0 due to cancellations between charged Higgs and supersymmetric particle contributions. For 3\\lsim\\tan\\beta\\lsim5, a charged Higgs lighter than 180 GeV is excluded by this process irrespective of the sign of \\mu.
Higher curvature supergravity and cosmology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ferrara, Sergio [Th-Ph Department, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); U.C.L.A., Los Angeles, CA (United States); INFN - LNF, Frascati (Italy); Sagnotti, Augusto [Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa (Italy); INFN, Pisa (Italy)
2016-04-15
In this contribution we describe dual higher-derivative formulations of some cosmological models based on supergravity. Work in this direction started with the R + R{sup 2} Starobinsky model, whose supersymmetric extension was derived in the late 80's and was recently revived in view of new CMB data. Models dual to higher-derivative theories are subject to more restrictions than their bosonic counterparts or standard supergravity. The three sections are devoted to a brief description of R + R{sup 2} supergravity, to a scale invariant R{sup 2} supergravity and to theories with a nilpotent curvature, whose duals describe non-linear realizations (in the form of a Volkov-Akulov constrained superfield) coupled to supergravity. (copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Moduli inflation in five-dimensional supergravity models
Abe, Hiroyuki
2014-01-01
We propose a simple but effective mechanism to realize an inflationary early universe consistent with the observed WMAP, Planck and/or BICEP2 data, which would be incorporated in various supersymmetric models of elementary particles constructed in the (effective) five-dimensional spacetime. In our scenario, the inflaton field is identified with one of the moduli appearing when the fifth direction is compactified, and a successful cosmological inflation without the so-called eta problem can be achieved by a very simple moduli stabilization potential. We also discuss the related particle cosmology during and (just) after the inflation, such as the (no) cosmological moduli problem.
Moduli inflation in five-dimensional supergravity models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abe, Hiroyuki; Otsuka, Hajime, E-mail: abe@waseda.jp, E-mail: hajime.13.gologo@akane.waseda.jp [Department of Physics, Waseda University, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)
2014-11-01
We propose a simple but effective mechanism to realize an inflationary early universe consistent with the observed WMAP, Planck and/or BICEP2 data, which would be incorporated in various supersymmetric models of elementary particles constructed in the (effective) five-dimensional spacetime. In our scenario, the inflaton field is identified with one of the moduli appearing when the fifth direction is compactified, and a successful cosmological inflation without the so-called η problem can be achieved by a very simple moduli stabilization potential. We also discuss the related particle cosmology during and (just) after the inflation, such as the (no) cosmological moduli problem.
The price of WMAP inflation in supergravity
Ellis, J.; Lalak, Z.; Pokorski, S.; Turzynski, K.
2006-10-01
The three-year data from WMAP are in stunning agreement with the simplest possible quadratic potential for chaotic inflation, as well as with new or symmetry-breaking inflation. We investigate the possibilities for incorporating these potentials within supergravity, particularly of the no-scale type that is motivated by string theory. Models with inflation driven by the matter sector may be constructed in no-scale supergravity, if the moduli are assumed to be stabilized by some higher-scale dynamics and at the expense of some fine-tuning. We discuss specific scenarios for stabilizing the moduli via either D- or F-terms in the effective potential and survey possible inflationary models in the presence of D-term stabilization.
The Price of WMAP Inflation in Supergravity
Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Pokorski, Stefan; Turzynski, K
2006-01-01
The three-year data from WMAP are in stunning agreement with the simplest possible quadratic potential for chaotic inflation, as well as with new or symmetry-breaking inflation. We investigate the possibilities for incorporating these potentials within supergravity, particularly of the no-scale type that is motivated by string theory. Models with inflation driven by the matter sector may be constructed in no-scale supergravity, if the moduli are assumed to be stabilised by some higher-scale dynamics and at the expense of some fine-tuning. We discuss specific scenarios for stabilising the moduli via either D- or F-terms in the effective potential, and survey possible inflationary models in the presence of D-term stabilisation.
On Gaussian random supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bachlechner, Thomas C. [Department of Physics, Cornell University,Physical Sciences Building 428, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)
2014-04-08
We study the distribution of metastable vacua and the likelihood of slow roll inflation in high dimensional random landscapes. We consider two examples of landscapes: a Gaussian random potential and an effective supergravity potential defined via a Gaussian random superpotential and a trivial Kähler potential. To examine these landscapes we introduce a random matrix model that describes the correlations between various derivatives and we propose an efficient algorithm that allows for a numerical study of high dimensional random fields. Using these novel tools, we find that the vast majority of metastable critical points in N dimensional random supergravities are either approximately supersymmetric with |F|≪M{sub susy} or supersymmetric. Such approximately supersymmetric points are dynamical attractors in the landscape and the probability that a randomly chosen critical point is metastable scales as log (P)∝−N. We argue that random supergravities lead to potentially interesting inflationary dynamics.
On Gaussian random supergravity
Bachlechner, Thomas C.
2014-04-01
We study the distribution of metastable vacua and the likelihood of slow roll inflation in high dimensional random landscapes. We consider two examples of landscapes: a Gaussian random potential and an effective supergravity potential defined via a Gaussian random superpotential and a trivial Kähler potential. To examine these landscapes we introduce a random matrix model that describes the correlations between various derivatives and we propose an efficient algorithm that allows for a numerical study of high dimensional random fields. Using these novel tools, we find that the vast majority of metastable critical points in N dimensional random supergravities are either approximately supersymmetric with | F| ≪ M susy or supersymmetric. Such approximately supersymmetric points are dynamical attractors in the landscape and the probability that a randomly chosen critical point is metastable scales as log( P ) ∝ - N. We argue that random supergravities lead to potentially interesting inflationary dynamics.
On Gaussian Random Supergravity
Bachlechner, Thomas C
2014-01-01
We study the distribution of metastable vacua and the likelihood of slow roll inflation in high dimensional random landscapes. We consider two examples of landscapes: a Gaussian random potential and an effective supergravity potential defined via a Gaussian random superpotential and a trivial Kahler potential. To examine these landscapes we introduce a random matrix model that describes the correlations between various derivatives and we propose an efficient algorithm that allows for a numerical study of high dimensional random fields. Using these novel tools, we find that the vast majority of metastable critical points in N dimensional random supergravities are either approximately supersymmetric with |F|<< M_{susy} or supersymmetric. Such approximately supersymmetric points are dynamical attractors in the landscape and the probability that a randomly chosen critical point is metastable scales as log(P)\\propto -N. We argue that random supergravities lead to potentially interesting inflationary dynamics...
Exploring the Yukawa unified minimal supergravity model at the Tevatron, LEP II, and the LHC
Gunion, J F
1994-01-01
We explore the prospects for detection of sparticles and Higgs bosons at the Tevatron, LEP-200 and the LHC in the allowed parameter space of a "Yukawa unified" ($\\lambda_b(M_U)=\\lambda_{\\ tau}(M_U)$) minimal supergravity (YUMS) model, where the only non-zero unification scale soft-SUSY-breaking terms are a universal gaugino mass and a Higgs mixing term. In a bottom-up approach, just two weak scale parameters, $\\tanb$ and $\\mha$ (along with the sign of the Higgs mixing parameter $\\mu$) completely parameterize the model. Many interesting "special" situations regarding sparticle and Higgs discovery arise, such as the importance of the invisible $\\hl\\rta\\cnone\\cnone,\\snu\\ snubar$ decay modes.
Particle physics and cosmology with high-scale SUSY breaking in five-dimensional supergravity models
Otsuka, Hajime
2015-01-01
We discuss a high-scale SUSY breaking scenario with the wino dark matter in the five-dimensional supergravity model on $S^1/Z_2$. The extra U(1) symmetries broken by the orbifold projection control the flavor structure of soft SUSY-breaking parameters as well as the Yukawa couplings, and a scalar component of the one of moduli multiplets, which arise from extra-dimensional components of the U(1) vector multiplets, induces the slow-roll inflation. Because of the supersymmetric moduli stabilization as well as the moduli inflation, it is found that the correct dark matter relic abundance is non-thermally generated by the gravitino decaying into the wino.
$\\varepsilon_{b}$ constraints on the minimal SU(5) and SU(5) x U(1) supergravity models
Kim, J E; Jihn E Kim; Gye T Park
1994-01-01
We have performed a systematic analysis to compute the one-loop electroweak corrections to the Z->b b-bar vertex in terms of \\epsilon_b and R_b in the context of the minimal SU(5) and no-scale SU(5)\\times U(1) supergravity models. With the measured top mass, m_t=174\\pm 10^{+13}_{-12} \\GeV recently announced by CDF, we use the latest LEP data on \\epsilon_b and R_b (\\equiv{\\Gamma(Z->b b-bar)/{\\Gamma(Z->hadrons)}}) in order to constrain further the two models. We find that the present LEP data on \\epsilon_b and R_b constrain the two models rather severely. Especially, the low-\\tan\\beta region is constrained more severely. \\tan\\beta\\lsim 2.5 (4.0) is excluded by \\epsilon_b at 90\\% C.~L. for m_t\\gsim 170 (180) \\GeV in the minimal SU(5) (no-scale SU(5)\\times U(1)) supergravity. Even more stringent constraint comes from R_b. It excludes \\tan\\beta\\lsim 4.0 at 90\\% C.~L. for m_t\\gsim 160 (170) \\GeV in the minimal SU(5) (no-scale SU(5)\\times U(1)) supergravity. We also find that the sign on \\mu in the two models can be...
Charmless B→PP decays and new physics effects in the minimal supergravity model
Xiao, Zhenjun; Zou, Wenjuan
2004-11-01
By employing the QCD factorization approach, we calculate the new physics contributions to the branching radios of the two-body charmless B→PP decays in the framework of the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model. Within the considered parameter space, we find that (a)the supersymmetric (SUSY) corrections to the Wilson coefficients Ck (k=3-6) are very small and can be neglected safely, but the leading order SUSY contributions to C7γ(MW) and C8g(MW) can be rather large and even change the sign of the corresponding coefficients in the standard model; (b)the possible SUSY contributions to those penguin-dominated decays in mSUGRA model can be as large as 30%-50%; (c)for the well measured B→Kπ decays, the significant SUSY contributions play an important role in improving the consistency of the theoretical predictions with the data; (d)for B→Kη' decays, the theoretical predictions of the corresponding branching ratios become consistent with the data within 1 standard deviation after the inclusion of the large SUSY contributions in the mSUGRA model.
Precision Electroweak Tests of the Minimal and Flipped SU(5) Supergravity Models
López, J; Park, G; Pois, H; Yuan, K
1993-01-01
We explore the one-loop electroweak radiative corrections in the minimal $SU(5)$ and the no-scale flipped $SU(5)$ supergravity models via explicit calculation of vacuum polarization contributions to the $\\epsilon_{1,2,3}$ parameters. Experimentally, $\\epsilon_{1,2,3}$ are obtained from a global fit to the LEP observables, and $M_W/M_Z$ measurements. We include $q^2$-dependent effects which have been neglected in most previous ``model-independent" analyses of this type. These effects induce a large systematic negative shift on $\\epsilon_{1,2,3}$ for light chargino masses ($m_{\\chi^\\pm_1}\\lsim70\\GeV$). In agreement with previous general arguments, we find that for increasingly large sparticle masses, the heavy sector of both models rapidly decouples, \\ie, the values for $\\epsilon_{1,2,3}$ quickly asymptote to the Standard Model values with a {\\it light} Higgs ($m_{H_{SM}}\\sim100\\GeV$). Specifically, at present the $90\\%$ CL upper limit on the top-quark mass is $m_t\\lsim175\\GeV$ in the no-scale flipped $SU(5)$ s...
The charmless $B \\to PP $ decays and the new physics effects in the minimal supergravity model
Xiao, Z; Xiao, Zhenjun; Zou, Wenjuan
2004-01-01
By employing the QCD factorization approach, we calculate the new physics contributions to the branching radios of the two-body charmless $ B \\to PP$ decays in the framework of the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model. Within the considered parameter space, we find that (a) the supersymmetric (SUSY) corrections to the Wilson coefficients $C_k$ ($k=3-6$) are very small and can be neglected safely, but the leading order SUSY contributions to $C_{7\\gamma}(M_W)$ and $C_{8g}(M_W)$ can be rather large and even change the sign of the corresponding coefficients in the standard model; (b) the possible SUSY contributions to those penguin-dominated decays in mSUGRA model can be as large as $30-50%$; (c) for the well measured $B \\to K \\pi$ decays, the significant SUSY contributions play an important rule to improve the consistency of the theoretical predictions with the data; (d) for $B \\to K \\eta'$ decays, the theoretical predictions of the corresponding branching ratios become consistent with the data within one standar...
Charmless B→PV,VV decays and new physics effects in the minimal supergravity model
Zou, Wenjuan; Xiao, Zhenjun
2005-11-01
By employing the QCD factorization approach, we calculate the new physics contributions to the branching radios of the two-body charmless B→PV and B→VV decays in the framework of the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model. We choose three typical sets of the mSUGRA input parameters in which the Wilson coefficient C7γ(mb) can be either standard model (SM)-like (the case A and C) or has a flipped sign (the case B). We found numerically that (a) the SUSY contributions are always very small for both case A and C; (b) for those tree-dominated decays, the SUSY contributions in case B are also very small; (c) for those QCD penguin-dominated decay modes, the SUSY contributions in case B can be significant, and can provide an enhancement about 30%˜260% to the branching ratios of B→K*(π,ϕ,ρ) and Kϕ decays, but a reduction about 30%˜80% to B→K(ρ,ω) decays; and (d) the large SUSY contributions in the case B may be masked by the large theoretical errors dominated by the uncertainty from our ignorance of calculating the annihilation contributions in the QCD factorization approach.
Ferrara, S; Sagnotti, A
2016-01-01
Abdus Salam was a true master of 20th Century Theoretical Physics. Not only was he a pioneer of the Standard Model (for which he shared the Nobel Prize with S. Glashow and S.Weinberg), but he also (co)authored many other outstanding contributions to the field of Fundamental Interactions and their unification. In particular, he was a major contributor to the development of supersymmetric theories, where he also coined the word "Supersymmetry" (replacing the earlier "Supergauges" drawn from String Theory). He also introduced the basic concept of "Superspace" and the notion of "Goldstone Fermion"(Goldstino). These concepts proved instrumental for the exploration of the ultraviolet properties and for the study of spontaneously broken phases of super Yang-Mills theories and Supergravity. They continue to play a key role in current developments in Early-Universe Cosmology. In this contribution we review models of inflation based on Supergravity with spontaneously broken local supersymmetry, with emphasis on the rol...
Proton Decay and Cosmology Strongly Constrain the Minimal SU(5) Supergravity Model
Lopez, Jorge L.; Pois, H.
1993-01-01
We present the results of an extensive exploration of the five-dimensional parameter space of the minimal $SU(5)$ supergravity model, including the constraints of a long enough proton lifetime ($\\tau_p>1\\times10^{32}\\y$) and a small enough neutralino cosmological relic density ($\\Omega_\\chi h^2_0\\le1$). We find that the combined effect of these two constraints is quite severe, although still leaving a small region of parameter space with $m_{\\tilde g,\\tilde q}<1\\TeV$. The allowed values of the proton lifetime extend up to $\\tau_p\\approx1\\times10^{33}\\y$ and should be fully explored by the SuperKamiokande experiment. The proton lifetime cut also entails the following mass correlations and bounds: $m_h\\lsim100\\GeV$, $m_\\chi\\approx{1\\over2}m_{\\chi^0_2}\\approx0.15\\gluino$, $m_{\\chi^0_2}\\approx m_{\\chi^+_1}$, and $m_\\chi<85\\,(115)\\GeV$, $m_{\\chi^0_2,\\chi^+_1}<165\\,(225)\\GeV$ for $\\alpha_3=0.113\\,(0.120)$. Finally, the {\\it combined} proton decay and cosmology constraints predict that if $m_h\\gsim75\\,(80)\\...
On Gaussian random supergravity
Bachlechner, Thomas C.
2014-01-01
We study the distribution of metastable vacua and the likelihood of slow roll inflation in high dimensional random landscapes. We consider two examples of landscapes: a Gaussian random potential and an effective supergravity potential defined via a Gaussian random superpotential and a trivial K\\"ahler potential. To examine these landscapes we introduce a random matrix model that describes the correlations between various derivatives and we propose an efficient algorithm that allows for a nume...
Inflaton decay in supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Endo, M.; Takahashi, F. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Yanagida, T.T. [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics]|[Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Research Center for the Early Universe
2007-06-15
We discuss inflaton decay in supergravity, taking account of the gravitational effects. It is shown that, if the inflaton has a nonzero vacuum expectation value, it generically couples to any matter fields that appear in the superpotential at the tree level, and to any gauge sectors through anomalies in the supergravity. Through these processes, the inflaton generically decays into the supersymmetry breaking sector, producing many gravitinos. The inflaton also directly decays into a pair of the gravitinos. We derive constraints on both inflation models and supersymmetry breaking scenarios for avoiding overproduction of the gravitinos. Furthermore, the inflaton naturally decays into the visible sector via the top Yukawa coupling and SU(3){sub C} gauge interactions. (orig.)
Inflaton decay in supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Endo, M.; Takahashi, F. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Yanagida, T.T. [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics]|[Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Research Center for the Early Universe
2007-06-15
We discuss inflaton decay in supergravity, taking account of the gravitational effects. It is shown that, if the inflaton has a nonzero vacuum expectation value, it generically couples to any matter fields that appear in the superpotential at the tree level, and to any gauge sectors through anomalies in the supergravity. Through these processes, the inflaton generically decays into the supersymmetry breaking sector, producing many gravitinos. The inflaton also directly decays into a pair of the gravitinos. We derive constraints on both inflation models and supersymmetry breaking scenarios for avoiding overproduction of the gravitinos. Furthermore, the inflaton naturally decays into the visible sector via the top Yukawa coupling and SU(3){sub C} gauge interactions. (orig.)
Naturalness of electroweak physics within minimal supergravity
Cassel, S
2011-01-01
Low energy supersymmetry is motivated by its use as a solution to the hierarchy problem of the electroweak scale. Having motivated this model with naturalness arguments, it is then necessary to check whether the experimentally allowed parameter space permits realisations of the model with low fine tuning. The scope of this thesis is a study of naturalness of the electroweak physics in the minimal supergravity model. The latest experimental constraints are applied, and the fine tuning is quantitatively evaluated for a scan across the parameter space. The fine tuning of the electroweak scale is evaluated at 2-loop order, and the fine tuning of the neutralino dark matter thermal relic energy density is also determined. The natural regions of the parameter space are identified and the associated phenomenology relevant for detection discussed. Naturalness limits are also found for the parameter space and spectrum. The minimum fine tuning found is 1 part in 9 when dark matter constraints are neglected, and 1 part i...
Supergravity Solutions in the Low-$\\tan\\beta$ $ \\lambda_t$ Fixed Point Region
Barger, V; Ohmann, P
1994-01-01
There has been much discussion in the literature about applying the radiative electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB) requirement to GUT models with supergravity. We motivate and discuss the application of the EWSB requirement to the low $\\tan\\beta$ fixed-point region and describe the solutions we find.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Grab, Sebastian
2009-08-15
The most widely studied supersymmetric scenario is the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with more than a hundred free parameters. However for detailed phenomenological studies, the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model, a restricted and well-motivated framework for the MSSM, is more convenient. In this model, lepton- and baryon-number violating interactions are suppressed by a discrete symmetry, R-parity or proton-hexality, to keep the proton stable. However, it is sufficient to forbid only lepton- or baryon-number violation. We thus extend mSUGRA models by adding a proton-hexality violating operator at the grand unification scale. This can change the supersymmetric spectrum leading on the one hand to a sneutrino, smuon or squark as the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP). On the other hand, a wide parameter region is reopened, where the scalar tau (stau) is the LSP. We investigate in detail the conditions leading to non-neutralino LSP scenarios. We take into account the restrictions from neutrino masses, the muon anomalous magnetic moment, b{yields}s{gamma}, and other precision measurements. We furthermore investigate existing restrictions from direct searches at LEP, the Tevatron, and the CERN p anti p collider. It is vital to know the nature of the LSP, since supersymmetric particles normally cascade decay down to the LSP at collider experiments. We present typical LHC signatures for sneutrino LSP scenarios. Promising signatures are high-p{sub T} muons and jets, like-sign muon events and detached vertices from long lived taus. We also classify the stau LSP decays and describe their dependence on the mSUGRA parameters. We then exploit our results for resonant single slepton production at the LHC. We find novel signatures with like-sign muon and three- and four-muon final states. Finally, we perform a detailed analysis for single slepton production in association with a single top quark. We show that the signal can be distinguished from the background
BPS black holes in a non-homogeneous deformation of the stu model of N=2, D=4 gauged supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Klemm, Dietmar [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano, and INFN - Sezione di Milano,Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Marrani, Alessio [Centro Studi e Ricerche ‘Enrico Fermi’, Via Panisperna 89A, I-00184 Roma (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia ‘Galileo Galilei’, Università di Padova, and INFN - Sezione di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Petri, Nicolò; Santoli, Camilla [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano, and INFN - Sezione di Milano,Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milano (Italy)
2015-09-29
We consider a deformation of the well-known stu model of N=2, D=4 supergravity, characterized by a non-homogeneous special Kähler manifold, and by the smallest electric-magnetic duality Lie algebra consistent with its upliftability to five dimensions. We explicitly solve the BPS attractor equations and construct static supersymmetric black holes with radial symmetry, in the context of U(1) dyonic Fayet-Iliopoulos gauging, focussing on axion-free solutions. Due to non-homogeneity of the scalar manifold, the model evades the analysis recently given in the literature. The relevant physical properties of the resulting black hole solution are discussed.
Fermion loops in the effective potential of N = 1 supergravity, with application to no-scale models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Burton, J.W.
1990-03-27
Powerful and quite general arguments suggest that N = 1 supergravity, and in particular the superstring-inspired no-scale models, may describe the physics of the four-dimensional vacuum at energy densities below the Planck scale. These models are not renormalizable, since they arise as effective theories after the large masses have been integrated out of the fundamental theory; thus, they have divergences in their loop amplitudes that must be regulated by imposing a cutoff. Before physics at experimental energies can be extracted from these models, the true vacuum state or states must be identified: at tree level, the ground states of the effective theories are highly degenerate. Radiative corrections at the one-loop level have been shown to break the degeneracy sufficiently to identify the states of vanishing vacuum energy. As the concluding step in a program to calculate these corrections within a self-consistent cutoff prescription, all fermionic one-loop divergent corrections to the scalar effective potential are evaluated. (The corresponding bosonic contributions have been found elsewhere.) The total effective scalar Lagrange density for N = 1 supergravity is written down, and comments are made about cancellations between the fermionic and bosonic loops. Finally, the result is specialized to a toy no-scale model with a single generation of matter fields, and prospects for eventual phenomenological constraints on theories of this type are briefly discussed. 48 refs.
Akbar, M M
2004-01-01
We find instanton/cosmological solutions with biaxial Bianchi-IX symmetry, involving non-trivial spatial dependence of the $\\bbbc P^{1}$- and $\\bbbc P^{2}$-sigma-models coupled to gravity. Such manifolds arise in N=1, $d=4$ supergravity with supermatter actions and hence the solutions can be embedded in supergravity. There is a natural way in which the standard coordinates of these manifolds can be mapped into the four-dimensional physical space. Due to its special symmetry, we start with $\\bbbc P^{2}$ with its corresponding scalar Ansatz; this further requires the spacetime to be $SU(2) \\times U(1)$-invariant. The problem then reduces to a set of ordinary differential equations whose analytical properties and solutions are discussed. Among the solutions there is a surprising, special-family of exact solutions which owe their existence to the non-trivial topology of $\\bbbc P^{2}$ and are in 1-1 correspondence with matter-free Bianchi-IX metrics. These solutions can also be found by coupling $\\bbbc P^{1}$ to g...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cvetic, M.
1985-12-05
We study the N=1 supergravity theory within the left-right symmetric model, based on the gauge symmetry SU(2)sub(L) x SU(2)sub(R) x U(1)sub(B-L), when the parity-odd singlet field is added, in addition to the minimal set of Higgs fields. This model allows for a vacuum solution with the hierarchy ratio eta=(msub(Wsub(R))/msub(Wsub(L)))>>1. Also, the gravitino mass is likely to set the scale of m sub(Wsub(L)) rather than the one of msub(Wsub(R)). These features of the presented model should be contrasted with the results of the left-right symmetric model with the minimal set of Higgs fields, where eta
Supergravity background of λ-deformed model for AdS2×S2 supercoset
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Borsato
2016-04-01
Full Text Available Starting with the Fˆ/G supercoset model corresponding to the AdSn×Sn superstring one can define the λ-model of arXiv:1409.1538 either as a deformation of the Fˆ/Fˆ gauged WZW model or as an integrable one-parameter generalisation of the non-abelian T-dual of the AdSn×Sn superstring sigma model with respect to the whole supergroup Fˆ. Here we consider the case of n=2 and find the explicit form of the 4d target space background for the λ-model for the PSU(1,1|2/SO(1,1×SO(2 supercoset. We show that this background represents a solution of type IIB 10d supergravity compactified on a 6-torus with only metric, dilaton Φ and the RR 5-form (represented by a 2-form F in 4d being non-trivial. This implies that the λ-model is Weyl invariant at the quantum level and thus defines a consistent superstring sigma model. The supergravity solution we find is different from the one in arXiv:1410.1886 which should correspond to a version of the λ-model where only the bosonic subgroup of Fˆ is gauged. Still, the two solutions have equivalent scaling limit of arXiv:1504.07213 leading to the isometric background for the metric and eΦF which is related to the η-deformed AdS2×S2 sigma model of arXiv:1309.5850. Similar results are expected in the AdS3×S3 and AdS5×S5 cases.
Ferrara, S.; Kehagias, A.; Sagnotti, A.
2016-09-01
Abdus Salam was a true master of 20th Century Theoretical Physics. Not only was he a pioneer of the Standard Model (for which he shared the Nobel Prize with S. Glashow and S. Weinberg), but he also (co)authored many other outstanding contributions to the field of Fundamental Interactions and their unification. In particular, he was a major contributor to the development of supersymmetric theories, where he also coined the word “Supersymmetry” (replacing the earlier “Supergauges” drawn from String Theory). He also introduced the basic concept of “Superspace” and the notion of “Goldstone Fermion” (Goldstino). These concepts proved instrumental for the exploration of the ultraviolet properties and for the study of spontaneously broken phases of super Yang-Mills theories and Supergravity. They continue to play a key role in current developments in Early-Universe Cosmology. In this contribution we review models of inflation based on Supergravity with spontaneously broken local supersymmetry, with emphasis on the role of nilpotent superfields to describe a de Sitter phase of our Universe.
Motivation in action: A process model of L2 motivation
1998-01-01
As part of a long-term project aimed at designing classroom interventions to motivate language learners, we have searched for a motivation model that could serve as a theoretical basis for the methodological applications. We have found that none of the existing models we considered were entirely adequate for our purpose for three reasons: (1) they did not provide a sufficiently comprehensive and detailed summary of all the relevant motivational influences on classroom behaviour; (2) they tend...
Bergshoeff, Eric A; Kallosh, Renata; Van Proeyen, Antoine
2015-01-01
Using superconformal methods we derive an explicit de Sitter supergravity action invariant under spontaneously broken local ${\\cal N}=1$ supersymmetry. The supergravity multiplet interacts with a nilpotent goldstino multiplet. We present a complete locally supersymmetric action including the graviton and the fermionic fields, gravitino and goldstino, no scalars. In the global limit when supergravity multiplet decouples, our action reproduces the Volkov-Akulov theory. In the unitary gauge where goldstino vanishes we recover pure supergravity with the positive cosmological constant. The classical equations of motion, with all fermions vanishing, have a maximally symmetric solution: de Sitter space.
Electrodynamics of Black Holes in STU Supergravity
Cvetic, M; Pope, C N; Saleem, Z H
2013-01-01
External magnetic fields can probe the composite structure of black holes in string theory. With this motivation we study magnetised four-charge black holes in the STU model, a consistent truncation of maximally supersymmetric supergravity with four types of electromagnetic fields. We employ solution generating techniques to obtain Melvin backgrounds, and black holes in these backgrounds. For an initially electrically charged static black hole immersed in magnetic fields, we calculate the resultant angular momenta and analyse their global structure. Examples are given for which the ergoregion does not extend to infinity. We calculate magnetic moments and gyromagnetic ratios via Larmor's formula. Our results are consistent with earlier special cases. A scaling limit and associated subtracted geometry in a single surviving magnetic field is shown to lift to $AdS_3\\times S^2$. Magnetizing magnetically charged black holes give static solutions with conical singularities representing strings or struts holding the ...
On jordanian deformations of AdS5 and supergravity
Hoare, Ben; van Tongeren, Stijn J.
2016-10-01
We consider various homogeneous Yang-Baxter deformations of the {{AdS}}5× {{{S}}}5 superstring that can be obtained from the η-deformed superstring and related models by singular boosts. The jordanian deformations we obtain in this way behave similarly to the η-deformed model with regard to supergravity: T dualizing the classical sigma model it is possible to find corresponding solutions of supergravity, which, however, have dilatons that prevent T dualizing back. Hence the backgrounds of these jordanian deformations are not solutions of supergravity. Still, they do satisfy a set of recently found modified supergravity equations which implies that the corresponding sigma models are scale invariant. The abelian models that we obtain by singular boosts do directly correspond to solutions of supergravity. In addition to our main results we consider contraction limits of our main example, which do correspond to supergravity solutions.
On jordanian deformations of AdS_5 and supergravity
Hoare, Ben
2016-01-01
We consider various homogeneous Yang-Baxter deformations of the AdS_5 x S^5 superstring that can be obtained from the eta-deformed superstring and related models by singular boosts. The jordanian deformations we obtain in this way behave similarly to the eta-deformed model with regard to supergravity: T dualizing the classical sigma model it is possible to find corresponding solutions of supergravity, which, however, have dilatons that prevent T dualizing back. Hence the backgrounds of these jordanian deformations are not solutions of supergravity. Still, they do satisfy a set of recently found modified supergravity equations which should imply that the corresponding sigma models are scale invariant. The abelian models that we obtain by singular boosts do directly correspond to solutions of supergravity. In addition to our main results we consider contraction limits of our main example, which also do not correspond to supergravity solutions.
Matter-coupled de Sitter supergravity
Kallosh, R. E.
2016-05-01
The de Sitter supergravity describes the interaction of supergravity with general chiral and vector multiplets and also one nilpotent chiral multiplet. The extra universal positive term in the potential, generated by the nilpotent multiplet and corresponding to the anti-D3 brane in string theory, is responsible for the de Sitter vacuum stability in these supergravity models. In the flat-space limit, these supergravity models include the Volkov-Akulov model with a nonlinearly realized supersymmetry. We generalize the rules for constructing the pure de Sitter supergravity action to the case of models containing other matter multiplets. We describe a method for deriving the closed-form general supergravity action with a given potential K, superpotential W, and vectormatrix fAB interacting with a nilpotent chiral multiplet. It has the potential V = eK(|F2|+|DW|2-3|W|2), where F is the auxiliary field of the nilpotent multiplet and is necessarily nonzero. The de Sitter vacuums are present under the simple condition that |F2|-3|W|2 > 0. We present an explicit form of the complete action in the unitary gauge.
Modeling motive activation in the Operant Motives Test
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Runge, J. Malte; Lang, Jonas W. B.; Engeser, Stefan
2016-01-01
The Operant Motive Test (OMT) is a picture-based procedure that asks respondents to generate imaginative verbal behavior that is later coded for the presence of affiliation, power, and achievement-related motive content by trained coders. The OMT uses a larger number of pictures and asks...... respondents to provide more brief answers than earlier and more traditional picture-based implicit motive measures and has therefore become a frequently used measurement instrument in both research and practice. This article focuses on the psychometric response mechanism in the OMT and builds on recent...... measures (Lang, 2014) and reports the first analysis of which we are aware that applies this model to OMT data (N = 633) and studies dynamic motive activation in the OMT. Results of this analysis yielded evidence for dynamic motive activation in the OMT and showed that simulated IRT reliabilities based...
The 14 TeV LHC Takes Aim at SUSY: A No-Scale Supergravity Model for LHC Run 2
Li, Tianjun; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V; Walker, Joel W
2015-01-01
The Supergravity model named No-Scale ${\\cal F}$-$SU(5)$, which is based upon the flipped $SU$(5) Grand Unified Theory (GUT) with additional TeV-scale vector-like flippon multiplets, has been partially probed during the LHC Run 1 at 7-8 TeV, though the majority of its model space remains viable and should be accessible by the 13-14 TeV LHC during Run 2. The model framework possesses the rather unique capacity to provide a light CP-even Higgs boson mass in the favored 124-126 GeV window while simultaneously retaining a testably light supersymmetry (SUSY) spectrum. We summarize the outlook for No-Scale ${\\cal F}$-$SU(5)$ at the 13-14 TeV LHC and review a promising methodology for the discrimination of its long-chain cascade decay signature. We further show that proportional dependence of all model scales upon the unified gaugino mass $M_{1/2}$ minimizes electroweak fine-tuning, allowing the $Z$-boson mass $M_Z$ to be expressed as an explicit function of $M_{1/2}$, $M_Z^2 = M_Z^2 (M_{1/2}^2)$, with implicit depe...
N=2 supergravity and supercurrents
Butter, Daniel
2010-01-01
We address the problem of classifying all N=2 supercurrent multiplets in four space-time dimensions. For this purpose we consider the minimal formulation of N=2 Poincare supergravity with a tensor compensator, and derive its linearized action in terms of three N=2 off-shell multiplets: an unconstrained scalar superfield, a vector multiplet, and a tensor multiplet. Such an action was ruled out to exist in the past. Using the action constructed, one can derive other models for linearized N=2 supergravity by applying N=2 superfield duality transformations. The action depends parametrically on a constant non-vanishing real isotriplet g^{ij}=g^{ji} which originates as an expectation value of the tensor compensator. Upon reduction to N=1 superfields, we show that the model describes two dually equivalent formulations for the massless multiplet (1,3/2)+(3/2,2) depending on a choice of g^{ij}. In the case g^{11}=g^{22}=0, the action describes (i) new minimal N=1 supergravity; and (ii) the Fradkin-Vasiliev-de Wit-van ...
Higher derivative couplings and massive supergravity in three dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kuzenko, Sergei M.; Novak, Joseph [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia); Tartaglino-Mazzucchelli, Gabriele [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia); Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, KU Leuven,Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)
2015-09-14
We develop geometric superspace settings to construct arbitrary higher derivative couplings (including R{sup n} terms) in three-dimensional supergravity theories with N≤3 by realising them as conformal supergravity coupled to certain compensators. For all known off-shell supergravity formulations, we construct supersymmetric invariants with up to and including four derivatives. As a warming-up exercise, we first give a new and completely geometric derivation of such invariants in N=1 supergravity. Upon reduction to components, they agree with those given in http://arxiv.org/abs/0907.4658 and http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.3952. We then carry out a similar construction in the case of N=2 supergravity for which there exist two minimal formulations that differ by the choice of compensating multiplet: (i) a chiral scalar multipet; (ii) a vector multiplet. For these formulations all four derivative invariants are constructed in completely general and gauge independent form. For a general supergravity model (in the N=1 and minimal N=2 cases) with curvature-squared and lower order terms, we derive the superfield equations of motion, linearise them about maximally supersymmetric backgrounds and obtain restrictions on the parameters that lead to models for massive supergravity. We use the non-minimal formulation for N=2 supergravity (which corresponds to a complex linear compensator) to construct a novel consistent theory of massive supergravity. In the case of N=3 supergravity, we employ the off-shell formulation with a vector multiplet as compensator to construct for the first time various higher derivative invariants. These invariants may be used to derive models for N=3 massive supergravity. As a bi-product of our analysis, we also present superfield equations for massive higher spin multiplets in (1,0), (1,1) and (2,0) anti-de Sitter superspaces.
Motivational Spiral Models (MSM): common and distinct motivations in context.
Fisher, Laurel J
2013-01-01
Motivational Spiral Models (MSM) show links over time among self concepts, feelings, strategies, skills and participation in everyday activities. In theory, MSM have many common features, with distinct features in particular contexts. This project examined children's motivation to participate in literacy (MSM-L), social (MSM-S) and physical activities (MSM-P). The participants in Study 1 (N = 32) were 9 to 11 years old, and in Study 2 (N = 73) were 4 to 12 year old children. Locations were close to the Australian national average in socio-economic indicators, and initial screening showed these were representative samples. Analyses used variable-oriented correlational models as well as person-oriented clusters that suggest the standard and alternative motivational pathways. The results of Study 1 suggested bi-directional links between children's self concepts and participation in activities. Study 2 identified the common features as: openness and stability over time; and self concepts that motivate and justify participation in activities. Distinct features of MSM-L show the few negative feelings that may limit reading. In MSM-S, self concepts support the positive feelings, and in MSM-P, positive feelings support the task strategies. In conclusion, findings support MSM theory with common features based on self concepts and distinct features of developing motivations in particular contexts. MSM provide a sound base for future research in the contexts of everyday activities for children. In addition, there are practical applications of the findings to prevention, monitoring and intervention programmes.
Warped Brane Worlds in Six Dimensional Supergravity
Aghababaie, Y; Cline, J M; Firouzjahi, H; Parameswaran, S L; Quevedo, Fernando; Tasinato, G; Zavala, I
2003-01-01
We present warped compactification solutions of six-dimensional supergravity, which are generalizations of the Randall-Sundrum warped brane world to codimension two and to a supersymmetric context. In these solutions the dilaton varies over the extra dimensions, and this makes the electroweak hierarchy only power-law sensitive to the proper radius of the extra dimensions (as opposed to being exponentially sensitive as in the RS model). Warping changes the phenomenology of these models because the Kaluza-Klein gap can be much larger than the internal space's inverse proper radius. We provide examples both for Romans' nonchiral supergravity and Salam-Sezgin chiral supergravity, and in both cases the solutions break all of the supersymmetries of the models. We interpret the solution as describing the fields sourced by a 3-brane and a boundary 4-brane (Romans' supergravity) or by one or two 3-branes (Salam-Sezgin supergravity), and we identify the topological constraints which are required by this interpretation....
Deformations of gauged SO(8) supergravity and supergravity in eleven dimensions
de Wit, Bernard; Nicolai, Hermann
2013-05-01
Motivated by the fact that there exists a continuous one-parameter family of gauged SO(8) supergravities, possible eleven-dimensional origins of this phenomenon are explored. Taking the original proof of the consistency of the truncation of 11 D supergravity to SO(8) gauged supergravity as a starting point, a number of critical issues is discussed, such as the preferred electric-magnetic duality frame in four dimensions and the existence of dual magnetic gauge fields and related quantities in eleven dimensions. Some of those issues are resolved but others seem to point to obstructions in embedding the continuous degeneracy in 11 D supergravity. While the final outcome of these efforts remains as yet inconclusive, several new results are obtained. Among those is the full non-linear ansatz for the seven-dimensional flux expressed in terms of the scalars and pseudoscalars of 4 D supergravity, valid for both the S 7 and the T 7 truncations without resorting to tensor-scalar duality.
A Motivation Contract Model of Employee Appraisal.
Glenn, Robert B.
The purpose of this paper is to develop a process model for identification and assessment of employee job performance, through motivation contracting. The model integrated various components of expectancy theories of motivation and performance contracting and is based on humanistic assumptions about the nature of people. More specifically, the…
Polynomial chaotic inflation in supergravity revisited
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kazunori Nakayama
2014-10-01
Full Text Available We revisit a polynomial chaotic inflation model in supergravity which we proposed soon after the Planck first data release. Recently some issues have been raised in Ref. [12], concerning the validity of our polynomial chaotic inflation model. We study the inflaton dynamics in detail, and confirm that the inflaton potential is very well approximated by a polynomial potential for the parameters of our interest in any practical sense, and in particular, the spectral index and the tensor-to-scalar ratio can be estimated by single-field approximation. This justifies our analysis of the polynomial chaotic inflation in supergravity.
Hyperscaling violation from supergravity
Perlmutter, Eric
2012-01-01
In recent applications of AdS/CFT to condensed matter physics, a metric that transforms covariantly under dilatation has been argued to signal hyperscaling violation in a dual quantum field theory. We contextualize and introduce large, in some cases infinite, families of supergravity solutions with this property, focusing on scale covariant generalizations of AdS and Schrodinger spacetimes. These embeddings rely on various aspects of dimensional reduction and flux compactification of eleven-dimensional supergravity. Our top-down approach can be viewed as a partial holographic classification of the landscape of strongly coupled, UV complete quantum field theories with hyperscaling violation.
Towards an Islamic model of work motivation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Akram Abdul Cader
2016-07-01
Full Text Available Optimal motivation (al-himmah al-‘āliyyah is an important concept in Islamic psychology. Current Islamic models predominantly focus on integration with Western theories. This study proposes a synthesised model of Islamic motivation through an interpretive approach of Islamic theological texts (Qur’ān and Sunnah, classical Islamic works, and a systematic analysis of Western academic research. Islamic work motivation focuses on states of the nafs (self: al-nafs al-muṭma’innah (tranquil, al-nafs al-lawwāmah (self-reproaching, and al-nafs al-ammārah bi-al-sū’ (inclined to evil. Tawḥīd (monotheism, mediated by sincerity and Sunnah compliance, drives īmān (belief. Optimal motivation is a result of strengthened īmān moderated by knowledge, patience, reliance, piety, encouragement, and admonishment. The resultant action, integrated with a rewards/punishment system, yields motivated behaviour. Motivated behaviour is classified in three behavioural types: ẓālim li-nafsih (self-oppressive, muqtaṣid (moderate, and sābiq bi-al-khayrāt (foremost in good. Optimal motivation is the state of tranquillity where the individual sincerely strives towards good action. The model provides practitioners with a model that can be used to manage motivation and provides researchers a comprehensive framework of Islamic motivation.
Quantum supergravity, supergravity anomalies and string phenomenology
Gaillard, Mary K
2016-01-01
I discuss the role of quantum effects in the phenomenology of effective supergravity theories from compactification of the weakly coupled heterotic string. An accurate incorporation of these effects requires a regularization procedure that respects local supersymmetry and BRST invariance and that retains information associated with the cut-off scale, which has physical meaning in an effective theory. I briefly outline the Pauli-Villars regularization procedure, describe some applications, and comment on what remains to be done to fully define the effective quantum field theory.
Quantum supergravity, supergravity anomalies and string phenomenology
Gaillard, Mary K.
2016-11-01
I discuss the role of quantum effects in the phenomenology of effective supergravity theories from compactification of the weakly coupled heterotic string. An accurate incorporation of these effects requires a regularization procedure that respects local supersymmetry and BRST invariance and that retains information associated with the cut-off scale, which has physical meaning in an effective theory. I briefly outline the Pauli-Villars regularization procedure, describe some applications, and comment on what remains to be done to fully define the effective quantum field theory.
Quantum supergravity, supergravity anomalies and string phenomenology
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mary K. Gaillard
2016-11-01
Full Text Available I discuss the role of quantum effects in the phenomenology of effective supergravity theories from compactification of the weakly coupled heterotic string. An accurate incorporation of these effects requires a regularization procedure that respects local supersymmetry and BRST invariance and that retains information associated with the cut-off scale, which has physical meaning in an effective theory. I briefly outline the Pauli–Villars regularization procedure, describe some applications, and comment on what remains to be done to fully define the effective quantum field theory.
Chambers, David W
2007-01-01
Motivation is short-term focused energy. The oldest theories of motivation explain motivated activity as effort to overcome primary deficiencies, such as hunger or boredom. Such theories are difficult to apply because individuals learn idiosyncratic secondary motives as alternative ways of responding to these needs. Three prominent needs theories are discussed: Herzberg's theory of hygiene and motivational factors; McClelland's needs for achievement, power, and affiliation; and Maslow's hierarchy and theory of self-actualization. A second approach to motivation holds that individuals may be thought of as engaging in rational processes to maximize their self-interests. The presented examples of this approach include Vroom's expectancy theory, Adam's theory of inequality, and the Porter-Lawler model that addresses the question of whether satisfaction leads to high performance or vice versa. Finally, several theories of motivation as life orientation are developed.
A dual formulation of supergravity-matter theories
Butter, Daniel
2011-01-01
Generating supersymmetric AdS solutions in non-minimal supergravity in four dimensions is notoriously difficult. Indeed, it is a longstanding lore that such solutions exist only for old minimal supergravity. In this paper, we construct a dual formulation for general N=1 supergravity-matter systems that avoids the problem. In the case of pure supergravity without a cosmological constant, it coincides with the usual non-minimal (n=-1) supergravity, but in the presence of matter (or a cosmological constant) our formulation differs considerably. We also elaborate upon the framework of conformal superspace and the compensator method as applied to our theory. Finally, we show that one can encode the details of the Kahler potential and superpotential entirely within the geometry of superspace so that the general sigma-model action is encoded in a single compact term: the supervolume.
On conformal supergravity and harmonic superspace
Butter, Daniel
2015-01-01
This paper describes a fully covariant approach to harmonic superspace. It is based on the conformal superspace description of conformal supergravity and involves extending the supermanifold M^{4|8} by the tangent bundle of CP^1. The resulting superspace M^{4|8} x TCP^1 can be identified in a certain gauge with the conventional harmonic superspace M^{4|8} x S^2. This approach not only makes the connection to projective superspace transparent, but simplifies calculations in harmonic superspace significantly by eliminating the need to deal directly with supergravity prepotentials. As an application of the covariant approach, we derive from harmonic superspace the full component action for the sigma model of a hyperkahler cone coupled to conformal supergravity. Further applications are also sketched.
Towards an Islamic model of work motivation
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Akram Abdul Cader
2016-01-01
.... Current Islamic models predominantly focus on integration with Western theories. This study proposes a synthesised model of Islamic motivation through an interpretive approach of Islamic theological texts (Qur'an and Sunnah...
D = 3 Unification of Curious Supergravities
Duff, M J; Marrani, A
2016-01-01
We consider the dimensional reduction to D = 3 of four maximal-rank supergravities which preserve minimal supersymmetry in D = 11, 7, 5 and 4. Such "curious" theories were investigated some time ago, and the four-dimensional one corresponds to an N = 1 supergravity with 7 chiral multiplets spanning the seven-disk manifold. Recently, this latter theory was considered to provide cosmological models for alpha-attractors, which are based on the disk geometry with possible restrictions on the parameter alpha. A unified picture emerges in D = 3, where the Ehlers group of General Relativity merges with the S-, T- and U- dualities of the D = 4 parent theories.
D = 3 Unification of Curious Supergravities
Duff, M.J.; Marrani, A.
2017-01-09
We consider the dimensional reduction to D = 3 of four maximal-rank supergravities which preserve minimal supersymmetry in D = 11, 7, 5 and 4. Such "curious" theories were investigated some time ago, and the four-dimensional one corresponds to an N = 1 supergravity with 7 chiral multiplets spanning the seven-disk manifold. Recently, this latter theory was considered to provide cosmological models for alpha-attractors, which are based on the disk geometry with possible restrictions on the parameter alpha. A unified picture emerges in D = 3, where the Ehlers group of General Relativity merges with the S-, T- and U- dualities of the D = 4 parent theories.
Linearized non-minimal higher curvature supergravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fotis Farakos
2015-05-01
Full Text Available In the framework of linearized non-minimal supergravity (20/20, we present the embedding of the R+R2 model and we analyze its field spectrum. As usual, the auxiliary fields of the Einstein theory now become propagating, giving rise to additional degrees of freedom, which organize themselves into on-shell irreducible supermultiplets. By performing the analysis both in component and superspace formulations we identify the new supermultiplets. On top of the two massive chiral superfields reminiscent of the old-minimal supergravity embedding, the spectrum contains also a consistent physical, massive, vector supermultiplet and a tachyonic ghost, massive, vector supermultiplet.
Linearized non-minimal higher curvature supergravity
Farakos, Fotis; Kehagias, Alex; Koutrolikos, Konstantinos
2015-05-01
In the framework of linearized non-minimal supergravity (20/20), we present the embedding of the R +R2 model and we analyze its field spectrum. As usual, the auxiliary fields of the Einstein theory now become propagating, giving rise to additional degrees of freedom, which organize themselves into on-shell irreducible supermultiplets. By performing the analysis both in component and superspace formulations we identify the new supermultiplets. On top of the two massive chiral superfields reminiscent of the old-minimal supergravity embedding, the spectrum contains also a consistent physical, massive, vector supermultiplet and a tachyonic ghost, massive, vector supermultiplet.
Linearized Non-Minimal Higher Curvature Supergravity
Farakos, Fotis; Koutrolikos, Konstantinos
2015-01-01
In the framework of linearized non-minimal supergravity (20/20), we present the embedding of the $R + R^2$ model and we analyze its field spectrum. As usual, the auxiliary fields of the Einstein theory now become propagating, giving rise to additional degrees of freedom, which organize themselves into on-shell irreducible supermultiplets. By performing the analysis both in component and superspace formulations we identify the new supermultiplets. On top of the two massive chiral superfields reminiscent of the old-minimal supergravity embedding, the spectrum contains also a consistent physical, massive, vector supermultiplet and a tachyonic ghost, massive, vector supermultiplet.
D = 3 Unification of Curious Supergravities
Duff, M.J.; Marrani, A.
2017-01-01
We consider the dimensional reduction to D = 3 of four maximal-rank supergravities which preserve minimal supersymmetry in D = 11, 7, 5 and 4. Such "curious" theories were investigated some time ago, and the four-dimensional one corresponds to an N = 1 supergravity with 7 chiral multiplets spanning the seven-disk manifold. Recently, this latter theory was considered to provide cosmological models for alpha-attractors, which are based on the disk geometry with possible restrictions on the parameter alpha. A unified picture emerges in D = 3, where the Ehlers group of General Relativity merges with the S-, T- and U- dualities of the D = 4 parent theories.
Alonso-Alberca, N; Alonso-Alberca, Natxo; Ortin, Tomas
2002-01-01
We review the definition of (maximally supersymmetric) vacuum in supergravity theories, the currently known vacua in arbitrary dimensions and how the associated supersymmetry algebras can be found. (Invited talk at the Spanish Relativity Meeting (``EREs'') 2002, Mao, Menorca, September 21-23 2002.)
Noncommutative Geometry and Supergravity
López, J L; Ryan, M P; Sabido, M
2013-01-01
A spectral action associated with an Einstein-Cartan formulation of supergravity is proposed. To construct this action we make use of the Seeley-DeWitt coefficients in a Riemann-Cartan space. For consistency in its construction the Rarita-Schwinger action is added to the resulting spectral action.
2015-01-01
We are pleased to announce the first PhD seminar in the framework of the CERN-SEENET-MTP PhD Training Program. The topic of the seminar is Supergravity. The seminar will be held at the Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, Serbia from June 21 (arrival day) to June 27 (departure day) 2015.
Bergshoeff, E.; Roo, M. de
1993-01-01
We quantize the classical gauge theory of N = 2 wâˆž supergravity and show how the underlying N = 2 super-wâˆž algebra gets deformed into an N = 2 super-Wâˆž algebra. Both algebras contain the N = 2 super-Virasoro algebra as a subalgebra. We discuss how one can extract from these results information
Symmetric Spaces in Supergravity
Ferrara, Sergio
2008-01-01
We exploit the relation among irreducible Riemannian globally symmetric spaces (IRGS) and supergravity theories in 3, 4 and 5 space-time dimensions. IRGS appear as scalar manifolds of the theories, as well as moduli spaces of the various classes of solutions to the classical extremal black hole Attractor Equations. Relations with Jordan algebras of degree three and four are also outlined.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gell-Mann, M.
1986-03-01
The current status of the search for a unified quantum field theory of physical interactions is surveyed. The results of recent theoretical investigations are reviewed, considering their relationship to data from particle physics experiments. Supergravity theories with N = 1, N = 2, N = 4, and N = 8 are examined critically. Also included is a brief account of the conference discussion of the paper.
Cosmological attractors from alpha-scale supergravity
Roest, Diederik; Scalisi, Marco
2015-01-01
The Planck value of the spectral index can be interpreted as n(s) = 1 - 2/N in terms of the number of e-foldings N. An appealing explanation for this phenomenological observation is provided by alpha-attractors: the inflationary predictions of these supergravity models are fully determined by the cu
Cosmological constraints on some supergravity-induced low-energy electroweak models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Girardi, G.; Salati, P.
1986-02-24
We present constraints on the parameters for models with gravity-induced supersymmetry breaking, obtained from cosmology. This is done by studying the evolution of the density of the lightest supersymmetric particle appearing in the mass spectrum. Our analysis, specifically done for models proposed by Cremmer, Fayet and Girardello, gives severe constraints on the mass of the neutral higgsinos, whereas those on the zino mass are very sensitive to the assumed value of the critical energy density of the Universe. (orig.).
Supergravity backgrounds and symmetry superalgebras
Ertem, Ümit
2016-01-01
We consider the bosonic sectors of supergravity theories in ten and eleven dimensions which correspond to the low energy limits of string theories and M-theory. The solutions of supergravity field equations are known as supergravity backgrounds and the number of preserved supersymmetries in those backgrounds are determined by Killing spinors. We provide some examples of supergravity backgrounds which preserve different fractions of supersymmetry. An important invariant for the characterization of supergravity backgrounds is their Killing superalgebras which are constructed out of Killing vectors and Killing spinors of the background. After constructing Killing superalgebras of some special supergravity backgrounds, we discuss about the possibilities of the extensions of these superalgebras to include the higher degree hidden symmetries of the background.
Twisted supergravity and its quantization
Costello, Kevin
2016-01-01
Twisted supergravity is supergravity in a background where the bosonic ghost field takes a non-zero value. This is the supergravity counterpart of the familiar concept of twisting supersymmetric field theories. In this paper, we give conjectural descriptions of type IIA and IIB supergravity in $10$ dimensions. Our conjectural descriptions are in terms of the closed-string field theories associated to certain topological string theories, and we conjecture that these topological string theories are twists of the physical string theories. For type IIB, the results of arXiv:1505.6703 show that our candidate twisted supergravity theory admits a unique quantization in perturbation theory. This is despite the fact that the theories, like the original physical theories, are non-renormalizable. Although we do not prove our conjectures, we amass considerable evidence. We find that our candidates for the twisted supergravity theories contain the residual supersymmetry one would expect. We also prove (using heavily a res...
De Sitter vacua in no-scale supergravities and Calabi-Yau string models
Covi, Laura; Gross, Christian; Louis, Jan; Palma, Gonzalo A; Scrucca, Claudio A
2008-01-01
We perform a general analysis on the possibility of obtaining metastable vacua with spontaneously broken N=1 supersymmetry and non-negative cosmological constant in the moduli sector of string models. More specifically, we study the condition under which the scalar partners of the Goldstino are non-tachyonic, which depends only on the Kahler potential. This condition is not only necessary but also sufficient, in the sense that all of the other scalar fields can be given arbitrarily large positive square masses if the superpotential is suitably tuned. We consider both heterotic and orientifold string compactifications in the large-volume limit and show that the no-scale property shared by these models severely restricts the allowed values for the `sGoldstino' masses in the superpotential parameter space. We find that a positive mass term may be achieved only for certain types of compactifications and specific Goldstino directions. Additionally, we show how subleading corrections to the Kahler potential which b...
de Sitter vacua in no-scale supergravities and Calabi-Yau string models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Covi, L. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[Warsaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics; Gomez-Reino, M. [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Gross, C. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Louis, J. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik]|[Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Zentrum fuer Mathematische Physik; Palma, G.A. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Scrucca, C.A. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (Switzerland). Inst. de Th. des Phen. Phys.
2008-04-15
We perform a general analysis on the possibility of obtaining metastable vacua with spontaneously broken N = 1 supersymmetry and non-negative cosmological constant in the moduli sector of string models. More specifically, we study the condition under which the scalar partners of the Goldstino are non-tachyonic, which depends only on the Kaehler potential. This condition is not only necessary but also sufficient, in the sense that all of the other scalar fields can be given arbitrarily large positive square masses if the superpotential is suitably tuned. We consider both heterotic and orientifold string compactifications in the large-volume limit and show that the no-scale property shared by these models severely restricts the allowed values for the 'sGoldstino' masses in the superpotential parameter space. We find that a positive mass term may be achieved only for certain types of compactifications and specific Goldstino directions. Additionally, we show how subleading corrections to the Kaehler potential which break the no-scale property may allow to lift these masses. (orig.)
Einstein Gravity-Supergravity Correspondence
Chen, C M; Sharakin, S A; Chen, Chiang-Mei; Gal'tsov, Dmitri V.; Sharakin, Sergei A.
1999-01-01
A correspondence between the three-block truncated 11D supergravity and the 8D pure Einstein gravity with two commuting Killing symmetries is discussed. The Kaluza-Klein two-forms of the 6D theory obtained after dimensional reduction along the Killing orbits generate the four-form field of supergravity via an inverse dualization. Thus any solution to the vacuum Einstein equations in eight dimensions depending on six coordinates have 11D-supergravity counterparts with the non-trivial four-form field. Using this proposed duality we derive a new dyon solution of 11D supergravity describing the M2 and M5-branes intersecting at a point.
Supergravity from Gauge Theory
Berkowitz, Evan
2016-01-01
Gauge/gravity duality is the conjecture that string theories have dual descriptions as gauge theories. Weakly-coupled gravity is dual to strongly-coupled gauge theories, ideal for lattice calculations. I will show precision lattice calculations that confirm large-N continuum D0-brane quantum mechanics correctly reproduces the leading-order supergravity prediction for a black hole's internal energy---the first leading-order test of the duality---and constrains stringy corrections.
Duff, M J
2011-01-01
We consider four supergravities with 16+16, 32+32, 64+64, 128+128 degrees of freedom displaying some curious properties: (1) They exhibit minimal supersymmetry (N=1, 2, 2, 1) but maximal rank (r=7, 6, 4, 0) of the scalar coset in D=4, 5, 7, 11. (2) They couple naturally to supermembranes and admit these membranes as solutions. (3) Although the D=4, 5, 7 supergravities follow from truncating the maximally supersymmetric ones, there nevertheless exist M-theory compactifications with G2, SU(3), SU(2) holonomy having these supergravities as their massless sectors. (4) They reduce to N=1, 2, 4, 8 theories all with maximum rank 7 in D=4 which (5) correspond to 0, 1, 3, 7 lines of the Fano plane and hence admit a division algebra (R,C,H,O) interpretation consistent with the black-hole/qubit correspondence, (6) are generalized self-mirror and hence (7) have vanishing on-shell trace anomaly.
Testing Gaugino Universality in Minimal Supergravity at the LHC
Krislock, Abram; Arnowitt, Richard; Dutta, Bhaskar; Gurrola, Alfredo; Kamon, Teruki; Kolev, Nikolay; Simeon, Paul
2006-10-01
SUSY is a leading theory to uniquely open the possibility of unification of fundamental forces. As a result, the well motivated minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) models predict a particular mass relation among the three kinds of supersymmetric gauge bosons (gluino, next-to-lightest neutralino, and the lightest neutralino). The relation, originated by gaugino mass universality, will give an insight of Grand Unified Theories. The previous study showed that we will have to identify the tau lepton with a transverse energy above 20 GeV to probe the cosmologically allowed mSUGRA parameter space at the LHC. We extend the study by investigating a methodology of testing the mass universality hypothesis as well as the maximum reach of the gaugino masses.
Newton-Cartan supergravity with torsion and Schrodinger supergravity
Bergshoeff, Eric; Rosseel, Jan; Zojer, Thomas
2015-01-01
We derive a torsionfull version of three-dimensional N - 2 Newton-Cartan supergravity using a non-relativistic notion of the superconformal tensor calculus. The "superconformal" theory that we start with is Schrodinger supergravity which we obtain by gauging the Schrodinger superalgebra. We present
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Keisuke Harigaya
2015-02-01
Full Text Available We consider an initial condition problem in a nearly quadratic chaotic inflation model in supergravity. We introduce shift symmetry breaking not only in the superpotential but also in the Kahler potential. In this model the inflaton potential is nearly quadratic for inflaton field values around the Planck scale, but deviates from the quadratic one for larger field values. As a result, the prediction on the tensor-to-scalar ratio can be smaller than that of a purely quadratic model. Due to the shift symmetry breaking in the Kahler potential, the inflaton potential becomes steep for large inflaton field values, which may prevent inflation from naturally taking place in a closed universe. We estimate an upper bound on the magnitude of the shift symmetry breaking so that inflation takes place before a closed universe with a Planck length size collapses, which yields a lower bound on the tensor-to-scalar ratio, r≳0.1.
de Wit, B.Q.P.J.; van Zalk, M.
2009-01-01
Supergravity provides the effective field theories for string compactifications. The deformation of the maximal supergravities by non-abelian gauge interactions is only possible for a restricted class of charges. Generically these ‘gaugings’ involve a hierarchy of p-form fields which belong to speci
Ten-dimensional Supergravity Revisited
Bergshoeff, Eric; Roo, Mees de; Kerstan, Sven; Riccioni, Fabio; Diaz Alonso, J.; Mornas, L.
2006-01-01
We show that the exisiting supergravity theories in ten dimensions can be extended with extra gauge fields whose rank is equal to the spacetime dimension. These gauge fields have vanishing field strength but nevertheless play an important role in the coupling of supergravity to spacetime filling bra
Supergravity couplings: a geometric formulation
Binetruy, P.; Girardi, G.; Grimm, R
2000-01-01
This report provides a pedagogical introduction to the description of the general Poincare supergravity/matter/Yang-Mills couplings using methods of Kahler superspace geometry. At a more advanced level this approach is generalized to include tensor field and Chern-Simons couplings in supersymmetry and supergravity, relevant in the context of weakly and strongly coupled string theories.
Supergravity couplings a geometric formulation
Binétruy, Pierre; Grimm, R
2001-01-01
This report provides a pedagogical introduction to the description of the general Poincare supergravity/matter/Yang-Mills couplings using methods of Kahler superspace geometry. At a more advanced level this approach is generalized to include tensor field and Chern-Simons couplings in supersymmetry and supergravity, relevant in the context of weakly and strongly coupled string theories.
Supergravity in Two Spacetime Dimensions
Ertl, M F
2001-01-01
The constraints of the superfield method in two-dimensional supergravity are adapted to allow for nonvanishing bosonic torsion. As the analysis of the Bianchi identities reveals, a new vector superfield is encountered besides the well-known scalar one. The constraints are solved both with superfields using a special decomposition of the supervielbein, and explicitly in terms of component fields in a Wess-Zumino gauge. The graded Poisson Sigma Model (gPSM) is the alternative method used to construct supersymmetric gravity theories. In this context the graded Jacobi identity is solved algebraically for general cases. Some of the Poisson algebras obtained are singular, or several potentials contained in them are restricted. This is discussed for a selection of representative algebras. It is found, that the gPSM is far more flexible and it shows the inherent ambiguity of the supersymmetric extension more clearly than the superfield method. Among the various models spherically reduced Einstein gravity and gravity ...
On BPS preons, generalized holonomies and D=11 supergravities
Bandos, I A; Izquierdo, J M; Picon, M; Varela, O
2003-01-01
We develop the BPS preon conjecture to analyze the supersymmetric solutions of D=11 supergravity. By relating the notions of Killing spinors and BPS preons, we develop a moving G-frame method (G=GL(32,R), SL(32,R) or Sp(32,R)) to analyze their associated generalized holonomies. As a first application we derive here the equations determining the generalized holonomies of k/32 supersymmetric solutions and, in particular, those solving the necessary conditions for the existence of BPS preonic (31/32) solutions of the standard D=11 supergravity. We also show that there exist elementary preonic solutions, i.e. solutions preserving 31 out of 32 supersymmetries in a Chern--Simons type supergravity. We present as well a family of worldvolume actions describing the motion of pointlike and extended BPS preons in the background of a D'Auria-Fre type OSp(1|32)-related supergravity model. We discuss the possible implications for M-theory.
Chiral supergravity and anomalies
Mielke, E W; Macias, Alfredo; Mielke, Eckehard W.
1999-01-01
Similarily as in the Ashtekar approach, the translational Chern-Simons term is, as a generating function, instrumental for a chiral reformulation of simple (N=1) supergravity. After applying the algebraic Cartan relation between spin and torsion, the resulting canonical transformation induces not only decomposition of the gravitational fields into selfdual and antiselfdual modes, but also a splitting of the Rarita-Schwinger fields into their chiral parts in a natural way. In some detail, we also analyze the consequences for axial and chiral anomalies.
Newton-Cartan supergravity with torsion and Schroedinger supergravity
Bergshoeff, Eric; Zojer, Thomas
2015-01-01
We derive a torsionfull version of three-dimensional N=2 Newton-Cartan supergravity using a non-relativistic notion of the superconformal tensor calculus. The "superconformal" theory that we start with is Schroedinger supergravity which we obtain by gauging the Schroedinger superalgebra. We present two non-relativistic N=2 matter multiplets that can be used as compensators in the superconformal calculus. They lead to two different off-shell formulations which, in analogy with the relativistic case, we call "old minimal" and "new minimal" Newton-Cartan supergravity. We find similarities but also point out some differences with respect to the relativistic case.
Developing a Motivational Model of College Achievement.
Tuckman, Bruce W.; Abry, Dennis
This study involves developing a motivational model of college achievement. The predictor variables, which were procrastination tendency, self-efficacy, self-regulation, intrinsic value, outcome value, cognitive strategy, test anxiety, students grade goals, parent grade goals, and grade point average, as well as the criterion variable exam…
An Attributional (Cognitive) Model of Motivation.
Weiner, Bernard; And Others
A cognitive model of motivation is proposed which postulates four components as the determinants of the actual and anticipated outcome of an achievement-related event. The four determinants are ability, effort, task difficulty, and luck. These factors may be classified as either internal or external sources of control, and as either stable or…
Stability of Bianchi attractors in Gauged Supergravity
Inbasekar, Karthik
2013-01-01
In this paper, we analyse the stability of extremal black brane horizons with homogeneous symmetry in the spatial directions in five dimensional gauged supergravity, under the fluctuations of the scalar fields about their attractor values. We examine the scalar fluctuation equations at the linearised level and demand that the fluctuations vanish as one approaches the horizon. Imposing certain restrictions on the Killing vectors used for gauging we find that the necessary conditions for stability are satisfied only by a subclass of the Bianchi metrics whose symmetry group factorises into a two dimensional Lifshitz symmetry and any homogeneous symmetry group given by the Bianchi classification. We apply these results to a simple example of a gauged supergravity model with one vector multiplet to find the stable attractors.
Phantom space–times in fake supergravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maryam Bu Taam
2015-12-01
Full Text Available We discuss phantom metrics admitting Killing spinors in fake N=2, D=4 supergravity coupled to vector multiplets. The Abelian U(1 gauge fields in the fake theory have kinetic terms with the wrong sign. We solve the Killing spinor equations for the standard and fake theories in a unified fashion by introducing a parameter which distinguishes between the two theories. The solutions found are fully determined in terms of algebraic conditions, the so-called stabilisation equations, in which the symplectic sections are related to a set of functions. These functions are harmonic in the case of the standard supergravity theory and satisfy the wave-equation in flat (2+1-space–time in the fake theory. Explicit examples are given for the minimal models with quadratic prepotentials.
Killing Spinors -- Beyond Supergravity
Palomo-Lozano, Alberto
2012-01-01
This is a doctoral thesis on the application of techniques originally developed in the programme of characterisation of supersymmetric solutions to Supergravity theories, to finding alternative backgrounds. We start by discussing the concept of a Killing spinor, and how these are paramount to the process of classifying of these aforementioned supersymmetric solutions. Moreover, these geometric objects also have applications when considered in different scenarios (the 'beyond' in the title). In particular, techniques based on a parallelising rule for a spinorial field can be used for obtaining solutions to Einstein-Maxwell-De Sitter theories, as well as a (partial) classification of Lorentzian Einstein-Weyl manifolds, a problem of geometrical interest. The annexe contain an introduction and summary in Spanish language. The appendices discuss the tensorial and spinorial conventions employed, some relevant geometrical information on the scalar manifolds for the matter contents of interest, as well as for the nul...
Serpa, Nilo
2011-01-01
This essay aims to summarize the main physical features arising from a new supersymmetric theory of gravitation. Based on preliminary discussions about classical field theory, cosmology, algebra and group theory, and taking formal results and theoretical considerations in comparison with several contributions from great authors, present work deals with gravity inside the limits of a meta-field theory, that is, a non-quantized but consistent representation of supergravity, the supersymmetry between gravitons and gravitinos. The introduction of meta-fields furnishes an independent framework for the study of gravity despite of constraints of quantization, treating the supersymmetric partners as deterministic actors of gravitation and not simply probabilistic entities. I explain my belief that gravitational field, by its own nature, is not quantizable in the same foot as the other fields, what does not means that we can not understand gravity by similar formal veins. Also, present work proposes the implementation...
Resurrecting no-scale supergravity phenomenology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, John [CERN, TH Division, PH Department, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Mustafayev, Azar; Olive, Keith A. [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
2010-09-15
In the context of phenomenological models in which the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters of the MSSM become universal at some unification scale, M{sub in}, above the GUT scale, M{sub GUT}, it is possible that all the scalar mass parameters m{sub 0}, the trilinear couplings A{sub 0} and the bilinear Higgs coupling B{sub 0} vanish simultaneously, as in no-scale supergravity. Using these no-scale inputs in a renormalisation-group analysis of the minimal supersymmetric SU(5) GUT model, we pay careful attention to the matching of parameters at the GUT scale. We delineate the region of M{sub in}, m{sub 1/2} and tan {beta} where the resurrection of no-scale supergravity is possible, taking due account of the relevant phenomenological constraints such as electroweak symmetry breaking, m{sub h},b {yields}s {gamma}, the neutralino cold dark matter density {omega}{sub {chi}} h {sup 2} and g{sub {mu}} -2. No-scale supergravity survives in an L-shaped strip of parameter space, with one side having m{sub 1/2}>or similar 200 GeV, the second (orthogonal) side having M{sub in}>or similar 5 x 10 {sup 16} GeV. Depending on the relative signs and magnitudes of the GUT superpotential couplings, these may be connected to form a triangle whose third side is a hypotenuse at larger M{sub in}, m{sub 1/2} and tan {beta}, whose presence and location depend on the GUT superpotential parameters. We compare the prospects for detecting sparticles at the LHC in no-scale supergravity with those in the CMSSM and the NUHM. (orig.)
Resurrecting No-Scale Supergravity Phenomenology
Ellis, John; Olive, Keith A
2010-01-01
In the context of phenomenological models in which the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters of the MSSM become universal at some unification scale, M_{in}, above the GUT scale, \\mgut, it is possible that all the scalar mass parameters m_0, the trilinear couplings A_0 and the bilinear Higgs coupling B_0 vanish simultaneously, as in no-scale supergravity. Using these no-scale inputs in a renormalization-group analysis of the minimal supersymmetric SU(5) GUT model, we pay careful attention to the matching of parameters at the GUT scale. We delineate the region of M_{in}, m_{1/2} and \\tan \\beta where the resurrection of no-scale supergravity is possible, taking due account of the relevant phenomenological constraints such as electroweak symmetry breaking, m_h, b \\to s \\gamma, the neutralino cold dark matter density \\ohsq and g_\\mu - 2. No-scale supergravity survives in an L-shaped strip of parameter space, with one side having with one side having m_{1/2} \\gappeq 200 {\\rm GeV}, the second (orthogonal) side havi...
The Integral Form of Supergravity
Castellani, L; Grassi, P A
2016-01-01
By using integral forms we derive the superspace action of D=3, N=1 supergravity as an integral on a supermanifold. The construction is based on target space picture changing operators, here playing the role of Poincare' duals to the lower-dimensional spacetime surfaces embedded into the supermanifold. We show how the group geometrical action based on the group manifold approach interpolates between the superspace and the component supergravity actions, thus providing another proof of their equivalence.
The integral form of supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Castellani, L. [Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica, Università del Piemonte Orientale,Viale T. Michel, 11, 15121 Alessandria (Italy); INFN - Sezione di Torino,via P. Giuria 1, 10125 Torino (Italy); Catenacci, R. [Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica, Università del Piemonte Orientale,Viale T. Michel, 11, 15121 Alessandria (Italy); Gruppo Nazionale di Fisica Matematica, INdAM,P.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Roma (Italy); Grassi, P.A. [Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica, Università del Piemonte Orientale,Viale T. Michel, 11, 15121 Alessandria (Italy); INFN - Sezione di Torino,via P. Giuria 1, 10125 Torino (Italy)
2016-10-11
By using integral forms we derive the superspace action of D=3,N=1 supergravity as an integral on a supermanifold. The construction is based on target space picture changing operators, here playing the rôle of Poincaré duals to the lower-dimensional spacetime surfaces embedded into the supermanifold. We show how the group geometrical action based on the group manifold approach interpolates between the superspace and the component supergravity actions, thus providing another proof of their equivalence.
All N=4 Conformal Supergravities
Butter, Daniel; de Wit, Bernard; Sahoo, Bindusar
2016-01-01
All N=4 conformal supergravities in four space-time dimensions are constructed. These are the only N=4 supergravity theories whose actions are invariant under off-shell supersymmetry. They are encoded in terms of a holomorphic function that is homogeneous of zeroth degree in scalar fields that parametrize an SU(1,1)/U(1) coset space. When this function equals a constant the Lagrangian is invariant under continuous SU(1,1) transformations.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
1994-01-01
Introduction What is the difference between instrumental and integrative motivation? What kind of motivations do students have? How can our knowledge of motivation help the language learning process? Motivation can be very important in language teaching. Students can do very well when they are motivated. Teachers, with their knowledge of motivation, can make their classes more efficient and successful. Middle school teachers, in addition to learning about the English language itself, and about teaching methods, should also learn more about motivation and how this affects our students. "When we consider language teaching, motivation can be classified as either integrative or instrumental motivation" (Luxon)
Employee motivation: a powerful new model.
Nohria, Nitin; Groysberg, Boris; Lee, Linda-Eling
2008-01-01
Motivating employees begins with recognizing that to do their best work, people must be in an environment that meets their basic emotional drives to acquire, bond, comprehend, and defend. So say Nohria and Groysberg, of Harvard Business School, and Lee, of the Center for Research on Corporate Performance. Using the results of surveys they conducted with employees at a wide range of Fortune 500 and other companies, they developed a model for how to increase workplace motivation dramatically. The authors identify the organizational levers that companies and frontline managers have at their disposal as they try to meet workers' deep needs. Reward systems that truly value good performance fulfill the drive to acquire. The drive to bond is best met by a culture that promotes collaboration and openness. Jobs that are designed to be meaningful and challenging meet the need to comprehend. Processes for performance management and resource allocation that are fair, trustworthy, and transparent address the drive to defend. Equipped with real-world company examples, the authors articulate how to apply these levers in productive ways. That application should not be selective, they argue, because a holistic approach gets you more than a piecemeal one. By using all four levers simultaneously, and thereby tackling all four drives, organizations can improve motivation levels by leaps and bounds. For example, a company that falls in the 50th percentile on employee motivation improves only to the 56th by boosting performance on one drive, but way up to the 88th percentile by doing better on all four drives. That's a powerful gain in competitive advantage that any business would relish.
Low Energy Supergravity Revisited (I)
Moultaka, Gilbert; Tant, Damien
2016-01-01
General forms of the K\\"ahler and superpotenials that lead to consistent low energy broken Supersymmetry originating from $N=1$ Supergravity have been classified and used for model building since more than three decades. We point out the incompleteness of this classification. Focusing in this paper mainly on the case of minimal K\\"ahler potential, we adopt a rigorous approach that retrieves on the one hand the known forms, and demonstrate on the other hand the existence of a whole set of new forms for the superpotential of which we give a complete classification. The latter forms involve a new type of chiral superfields having the unusual property of belonging neither to the hidden sector nor to the conventional observable sector. We argue how new possibilities for model building can arise, comparing the obtained forms with the conventional ones, and discuss the gravity mediation of supersymmetry breaking and the vacuum structure in the presence of the new type of chiral superfields. In the simplest case, we ...
Privatization processes in banking: Motives and models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ristić Života
2006-01-01
Full Text Available The paper consists of three methodologically and causally connected thematic parts: the first part deals with crucial motives and models of the privatization processes in the USA and EU with a particular analytical focus on the Herfindahl-Hirschman doctrine of the collective domination index, as well as on the essence of merger-acquisition and take-over models. The second thematic part of the paper, as a logical continuation of the first one represents a brief comparative analysis of the motives and models implemented in bank privatization in the south-eastern European countries with particular focus on identifying interests of foreign investors, an optimal volume and price of the investment, and assessment of finalized privatizations in those countries. The final part of the paper theoretically and practically stems from the first and the second part, in that way making an interdependent and a compatible thematic whole with them, presents qualitative and quantitative aspects of analyzing finalized privatization and/or sale-purchase of Serbian banks with particular focus on IPO and IPOPLUS as the prevailing models of future sale-purchase in privatizing Serbian banks.
Toward a tripartite model of intrinsic motivation.
Carbonneau, Noémie; Vallerand, Robert J; Lafrenière, Marc-André K
2012-10-01
Intrinsic motivation (IM) refers to engaging in an activity for the pleasure inherent in the activity. The present article presents a tripartite model of IM consisting of IM to know (i.e., engaging in an activity to experience pleasure while learning and trying to understand something new), IM toward accomplishment (i.e., engaging in an activity for the pleasure experienced when attempting task mastery), and IM to experience stimulation (i.e., engaging in an activity for feelings of sensory pleasure). The tripartite model of IM posits that each type of IM can result from task, situational, and personality determinants and can lead to specific types of cognitive, affective, and behavioral outcomes. The purpose of this research was to test some predictions derived from this model. Across 4 studies (Study 1: N = 331; Study 2: N = 113; Study 3: N = 58; Study 4: N = 135), the 3 types of IM as well as potential determinants and consequences were assessed. Results revealed that experiencing one type of IM over the others depends in part on people's personality styles. Also, each type of IM was found to predict specific outcomes (i.e., affective states and behavioral choices). The implications of the tripartite model of IM for motivation research are discussed.
Motivation and Academic Resilience: Developing a Model for Student Enhancement.
Martin, Andrew
2002-01-01
Explores a model of student motivation and introduces the concept of academic resilience. Draws together seminal motivation theory, posits constructs that represent these theories, and then repackages them into a model that can be used by educators and understood by students. Discusses strategies for enhancing motivation and academic resilience.…
Applying the ARCS Motivation Model in Technological and Vocational Education
Liao, Hung-Chang; Wang, Ya-huei
2008-01-01
This paper describes the incorporation of Keller's ARCS (Attention, Relevance, Confidence, and Satisfaction) motivation model into traditional classroom instruction-learning process. Viewing that technological and vocational students have low confidence and motivation in learning, the authors applied the ARCS motivation model not only in the…
Scale invariant Volkov–Akulov supergravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. Ferrara
2015-10-01
Full Text Available A scale invariant goldstino theory coupled to supergravity is obtained as a standard supergravity dual of a rigidly scale-invariant higher-curvature supergravity with a nilpotent chiral scalar curvature. The bosonic part of this theory describes a massless scalaron and a massive axion in a de Sitter Universe.
Scale invariant Volkov–Akulov supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ferrara, S., E-mail: sergio.ferrara@cern.ch [Th-Ph Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); INFN – Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Via Enrico Fermi 40, 00044 Frascati (Italy); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Porrati, M., E-mail: mp9@nyu.edu [Th-Ph Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); CCPP, Department of Physics, NYU, 4 Washington Pl., New York, NY 10003 (United States); Sagnotti, A., E-mail: sagnotti@sns.it [Th-Ph Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Scuola Normale Superiore and INFN, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy)
2015-10-07
A scale invariant goldstino theory coupled to supergravity is obtained as a standard supergravity dual of a rigidly scale-invariant higher-curvature supergravity with a nilpotent chiral scalar curvature. The bosonic part of this theory describes a massless scalaron and a massive axion in a de Sitter Universe.
Gauged supergravities from Bianchi's group manifolds
Bergshoeff, E; Gran, U; Linares, R; Nielsen, M; Ortin, T; Roest, D
2004-01-01
We construct maximal D = 8 gauged supergravities by the reduction of D = I I supergravity over three-dimensional group manifolds. Such manifolds are classified into two classes, A and B, and eleven types. This Bianchi classification carries over to the gauged supergravities. The class A theories hav
The Wasteland of Random Supergravities
Marsh, David; Wrase, Timm
2011-01-01
We show that in a general \\cal{N} = 1 supergravity with N \\gg 1 scalar fields, an exponentially small fraction of the de Sitter critical points are metastable vacua. Taking the superpotential and Kahler potential to be random functions, we construct a random matrix model for the Hessian matrix, which is well-approximated by the sum of a Wigner matrix and two Wishart matrices. We compute the eigenvalue spectrum analytically from the free convolution of the constituent spectra and find that in typical configurations, a significant fraction of the eigenvalues are negative. Building on the Tracy-Widom law governing fluctuations of extreme eigenvalues, we determine the probability P of a large fluctuation in which all the eigenvalues become positive. Strong eigenvalue repulsion makes this extremely unlikely: we find P \\propto exp(-c N^p), with c, p being constants. For generic critical points we find p \\approx 1.5, while for approximately-supersymmetric critical points, p \\approx 1.3. Our results have significant ...
Supersymmetric vacua in random supergravity
Bachlechner, Thomas C.; Marsh, David; McAllister, Liam; Wrase, Timm
2013-01-01
We determine the spectrum of scalar masses in a supersymmetric vacuum of a general mathcal{N}=1 supergravity theory, with the Kähler potential and superpotential taken to be random functions of N complex scalar fields. We derive a random matrix model for the Hessian matrix and compute the eigenvalue spectrum. Tachyons consistent with the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound are generically present, and although these tachyons cannot destabilize the supersymmetric vacuum, they do influence the likelihood of the existence of an `uplift' to a metastable vacuum with positive cosmological constant. We show that the probability that a supersymmetric AdS vacuum has no tachyons is formally equivalent to the probability of a large fluctuation of the smallest eigenvalue of a certain real Wishart matrix. For normally-distributed matrix entries and any N, this probability is given exactly by P=exp left( {{{{-2{N^2}{{{left| W right|}}^2}}} left/ {{m_{susy}^2}} right.}} right) , with W denoting the superpotential and m susy the supersymmetric mass scale; for more general distributions of the entries, our result is accurate when N ≫ 1. We conclude that for left| W right|gtrsim {{{{m_{susy}}}} left/ {N} right.} , tachyonic instabilities are ubiquitous in configurations obtained by uplifting supersymmetric vacua.
Supersymmetric Vacua in Random Supergravity
Bachlechner, Thomas C; McAllister, Liam; Wrase, Timm
2012-01-01
We determine the spectrum of scalar masses in a supersymmetric vacuum of a general N=1 supergravity theory, with the Kahler potential and superpotential taken to be random functions of N complex scalar fields. We derive a random matrix model for the Hessian matrix and compute the eigenvalue spectrum. Tachyons consistent with the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound are generically present, and although these tachyons cannot destabilize the supersymmetric vacuum, they do influence the likelihood of the existence of an `uplift' to a metastable vacuum with positive cosmological constant. We show that the probability that a supersymmetric AdS vacuum has no tachyons is formally equivalent to the probability of a large fluctuation of the smallest eigenvalue of a certain real Wishart matrix. For normally-distributed matrix entries and any N, this probability is given exactly by P = exp(-2N^2|W|^2/m_{susy}^2), with W denoting the superpotential and m_{susy} the supersymmetric mass scale; for more general distributions of the...
Classical and Quantum Nonlocal Supergravity
Giaccari, Stefano
2016-01-01
We derive the N=1 supersymmetric extension for a class of weakly nonlocal four dimensional gravitational theories.The construction is explicitly done in the superspace and the tree-level perturbative unitarity is explicitly proved both in the superfield formalism and in field components. For the minimal nonlocal supergravity the spectrum is the same as in the local theory and in particular it is ghost-free. The supersymmetric extension of the super-renormalizable Starobinsky theory and of two alternative massive nonlocal supergravities are found as straightforward applications of the formalism. Power-counting arguments ensure super-renormalizability with milder requirement for the asymptotic behavior of form factors than in ordinary nonlocal gravity. The most noteworthy result, common to ordinary supergravity, is the absence of quantum corrections to the cosmological constant in any regularization procedure. We cannot exclude the usual one-loop quadratic divergences. However, local vertices in the superfields...
N=2, D=6 supergravity with $E_7$ gauge matter
Zyablyuk, K N
1997-01-01
The lagrangian of N=2, D=6 supergravity coupled to E_7 X SU(2) vector- and hyper-multiplets is derived. For this purpose the coset manifold E_8/E_7 X SU(2), parametrized by the scalars of the hypermultiplet, is constructed. A difference from the case of Sp(n)-matter is pointed out. This model can be considered as an intermediate step in the compactification of D=10 supergravity coupled to E_8 X E_8 matter to four-dimensional model of E_6 unification.
Sneutrino driven GUT Inflation in Supergravity
Gonzalo, Tomas E; Moursy, Ahmad
2016-01-01
In this paper, we embed the model of flipped GUT sneutrino inflation -in a flipped SU(5) or SO(10) set up- developed by Ellis et al. in a supergravity framework. The GUT symmetry is broken by a waterfall which could happen at early or late stage of the inflationary period. The full field dynamics is thus studied in detail and these two main inflationary configurations are exposed, whose cosmological predictions are both in agreement with recent astrophysical measurements. The model has an interesting feature where the inflaton has natural decay channels to the MSSM particles allowed by the GUT gauge symmetry. Hence it can account for the reheating after the inflationary epoch.
Supergravity actions with integral forms
Castellani, L.; Catenacci, R.; Grassi, P. A.
2014-12-01
Integral forms provide a natural and powerful tool for the construction of supergravity actions. They are generalizations of usual differential forms and are needed for a consistent theory of integration on supermanifolds. The group geometrical approach to supergravity and its variational principle are reformulated and clarified in this language. Central in our analysis is the Poincaré dual of a bosonic manifold embedded into a supermanifold. Finally, using integral forms we provide a proof of Gates' so-called "Ectoplasmic Integration Theorem", relating superfield actions to component actions.
Supergravity Actions with Integral Forms
Castellani, L; Grassi, P A
2014-01-01
Integral forms provide a natural and powerful tool for the construction of supergravity actions. They are generalizations of usual differential forms and are needed for a consistent theory of integration on supermanifolds. The group geometrical approach to supergravity and its variational principle are reformulated and clarified in this language. Central in our analysis is the Poincare' dual of a bosonic manifold embedded into a supermanifold. Finally, using integral forms we provide a proof of Gates' so-called "Ectoplasmic Integration Theorem", relating superfield actions to component actions.
Supergravity actions with integral forms
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
L. Castellani
2014-12-01
Full Text Available Integral forms provide a natural and powerful tool for the construction of supergravity actions. They are generalizations of usual differential forms and are needed for a consistent theory of integration on supermanifolds. The group geometrical approach to supergravity and its variational principle are reformulated and clarified in this language. Central in our analysis is the Poincaré dual of a bosonic manifold embedded into a supermanifold. Finally, using integral forms we provide a proof of Gates' so-called “Ectoplasmic Integration Theorem”, relating superfield actions to component actions.
Supergravity actions with integral forms
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Castellani, L., E-mail: leonardo.castellani@mfn.unipmn.it [Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Viale T. Michel, 11, 15121 Alessandria (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Torino, via P. Giuria 1, 10125 Torino (Italy); Catenacci, R., E-mail: roberto.catenacci@mfn.unipmn.it [Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Viale T. Michel, 11, 15121 Alessandria (Italy); Grassi, P.A., E-mail: pietro.grassi@mfn.unipmn.it [Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Viale T. Michel, 11, 15121 Alessandria (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Torino, via P. Giuria 1, 10125 Torino (Italy)
2014-12-15
Integral forms provide a natural and powerful tool for the construction of supergravity actions. They are generalizations of usual differential forms and are needed for a consistent theory of integration on supermanifolds. The group geometrical approach to supergravity and its variational principle are reformulated and clarified in this language. Central in our analysis is the Poincaré dual of a bosonic manifold embedded into a supermanifold. Finally, using integral forms we provide a proof of Gates' so-called “Ectoplasmic Integration Theorem”, relating superfield actions to component actions.
The Socio-Educational Model of Music Motivation
MacIntyre, Peter D.; Potter, Gillian K.; Burns, Jillian N.
2012-01-01
The well-established socio-educational model of second language learning motivation developed by R. C. Gardner was adapted and applied to study instrumental music learning motivation. The similarities between music and language suggested that the adaptation might lead to new insights in the study of music motivation. At the heart of the proposed…
Electric-magnetic deformations of D=4 gauged supergravities
Inverso, Gianluca
2015-01-01
We discuss duality orbits and symplectic deformations of D=4 gauged supergravity theories, with focus on N$\\ge$2. We provide a general constructive framework for computing symplectic deformations starting from a reference gauging, and apply it to many interesting examples. We prove that no continuous deformations are allowed for Fayet-Iliopoulos gaugings of the N=2 STU model and in particular that any $\\omega$ deformation is classically trivial. We further show that although in the N=6 truncation of SO(8) maximal supergravity the $\\omega$ parameter can be dualized away, in the 'twin' N=2 truncation $\\omega$ is preserved and a second, new deformation appears. We further provide a full classification and appropriate duality orbits of certain N=4 gauged supergravities, including all inequivalent SO(4)$^2$ gaugings and several non-compact forms.
Agent Models for Self-Motivated Home-Assistant Bots
Merrick, Kathryn; Shafi, Kamran
2010-01-01
Modern society increasingly relies on technology to support everyday activities. In the past, this technology has focused on automation, using computer technology embedded in physical objects. More recently, there is an expectation that this technology will not just embed reactive automation, but also embed intelligent, proactive automation in the environment. That is, there is an emerging desire for novel technologies that can monitor, assist, inform or entertain when required, and not just when requested. This paper presents three self-motivated, home-assistant bot applications using different self-motivated agent models. Self-motivated agents use a computational model of motivation to generate goals proactively. Technologies based on self-motivated agents can thus respond autonomously and proactively to stimuli from their environment. Three prototypes of different self-motivated agent models, using different computational models of motivation, are described to demonstrate these concepts.
College English Students’ Autonomous Learning Motivation and Cultivation Model Research
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王艳荣; 李娥
2015-01-01
Studying the autonomous learning motivation and excitation model can stimulate intrinsic motivation of foreign language learners,develop students self-management strategy evaluation are very necessary.The purpose of this paper is to give students the skills of listening and speaking for their autonomous learning.Then study the cultivation and motivation of college English students autonomous learning,hoping to make students to learn autonomous learning and stimulate their motivation fully.
The general de Sitter supergravity component action
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schillo, Marjorie; Woerd, Ellen van der [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Leuven (Belgium); Wrase, Timm [Institute for Theoretical Physics, TU Wien, Vienna (Austria)
2016-04-15
In this paper we review the appearance and utility of a nilpotent chiral multiplet in the context of supergravity, string theory and cosmology. Coupling a nilpotent chiral superfield to supergravity, one obtains what is called pure dS supergravity, a supergravity theory without scalar degrees of freedom that naturally has de Sitter (dS) solutions, and in which supersymmetry is non-linearly realized. We extend previous results that couple this dS supergravity to chiral and vector multiplets and derive the most general supergravity action for a single nilpotent chiral multiplet coupled to supergravity and an arbitrary number of chiral and vector multiplets. Based in part on the plenary talk given by T. W. at ''The String Theory Universe'', 21st European String Workshop, Leuven, September 7-11, 2015. (copyright 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Dual Description of Supergravity MacDowell-Mansouri Theory
García-Compéan, H; Obregón, O; Ramírez, C
1999-01-01
In the context of field theory two elements seem to be necessary to search for strong-weak coupling duality. First, one needs a gauge theory and second, it should be supersymmetric. For gravitation these two elements are present in MacDowell-Mansouri supergravity. The search for an "effective duality" in this theory presents technical and conceptual problems that we discuss. Nevertheless, by means of a field theoretical approach, which in the abelian case coincides with $S$-duality, we exhibit a dual theory for supergravity, with inverted couplings. This results in a supersymmetric non-linear sigma model of the Freedman-Townsend type.
Projective multiplets and hyperkahler cones in conformal supergravity
Butter, Daniel
2014-01-01
Projective superspace provides a natural framework for the construction of actions coupling hypermultiplets to conformal supergravity. We review how the off-shell actions are formulated in superspace and then discuss how to eliminate the infinite number of auxiliary fields to produce an on-shell N=2 supersymmetric sigma model, with the target space corresponding to a generic 4n-dimensional hyperkahler cone. We show how the component action coupling the hypermultiplets to conformal supergravity may be constructed starting from curved superspace. The superspace origin of the geometric data -- the hyperkahler potential, complex structures, and any gauged isometries -- is also addressed.
Hybrid Inflation in Supergravity without Inflaton Superpotential
Boutaleb-Joutei, H; Marrakchi, A E L
2002-01-01
We propose a new realisation of hybrid inflation in supergravity where the inflaton field does not appear in the superpotential but contributes only through the Kahler potential. The scalar potential derived from an R-invariant superpotential has the same form as that of the Linde's original version. The correct magnitude of the density perturbations amplitude is found without any fine-tuning of the coupling parameter in the superpotential for an acceptable value of the fundamental energy scale of the theory. The eta-problem was also resolved in this model.
Supergravity Inflation Free from Harmful Relics
Greene, P B; Murayama, H; Greene, Patrick B.; Kadota, Kenji; Murayama, Hitoshi
2003-01-01
We present a realistic supergravity inflation model which is free from the overproduction of potentially dangerous relics in cosmology, namely moduli and gravitinos which can lead to the inconsistencies with the predictions of baryon asymmetry and nucleosynthesis. The radiative correction turns out to play a crucial role in our analysis which raises the mass of supersymmetry breaking field to intermediate scale. We pay a particular attention to the non-thermal production of gravitinos using the non-minimal Kahler potential we obtained from loop correction. This non-thermal gravitino production however is diminished because of the relatively small scale of inflaton mass and small amplitudes of hidden sector fields.
The Axion Mass in Modular Invariant Supergravity
Butter, D; Butter, Daniel; Gaillard, Mary K.
2005-01-01
When supersymmetry is broken by condensates with a single condensing gauge group, there is a nonanomalous R-symmetry that prevents the universal axion from acquiring a mass. It has been argued that, in the context of supergravity, higher dimension operators will break this symmetry and may generate an axion mass too large to allow the identification of the universal axion with the QCD axion. We show that such contributions to the axion mass are highly suppressed in a class of models where the effective Lagrangian for gaugino and matter condensation respects modular invariance (T-duality).
Assessing Music Students' Motivation Using the Music Model of Academic Motivation Inventory
Parkes, Kelly A.; Jones, Brett D.; Wilkins, Jesse L. M.
2017-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of using a motivation inventory with music students in upper-elementary, middle, and high school. We used the middle/high school version of the MUSIC Model of Academic Motivation Inventory to survey 93 students in the 5th to 12th grades in one school. Our analysis revealed…
Supergravity with broken Lorentz invariance
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marakulin Arthur
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The supersymmetric extension of the Lorentz violating Einstein-aether theory of gravity is considered. The most general Lagrangian of the linearized Einstein-aether supergravity is constructed using the superfield formalism. The constraints imposed by supersymmetry on the parameters of the theory are obtained.
Lightlike singularities in compactified supergravity
Baal, P. van; Bais, F.A.
1983-01-01
We discuss the (causal) structure of a recently found black hole solution of compatified d = 11 supergravity. It is shown that the singularity is in fact lightlike and coincides with the horizon. Consequences are that the Hawking temperature is undetermined and that there is no other universe connec
Lightlike singularities in compactified supergravity
Baal, P. van; Bais, F.A.
1983-01-01
We discuss the (causal) structure of a recently found black hole solution of compatified d = 11 supergravity. It is shown that the singularity is in fact lightlike and coincides with the horizon. Consequences are that the Hawking temperature is undetermined and that there is no other universe connec
Formulation of supergravity without superspace
Ferrara, S
1979-01-01
Supergravity, the particle theory which unifies under a unique gauge principle the quantum-mechanical concept of spin and space-time geometry, is formulated in terms of quantities defined over Minkowski space-time. 'l'he relation between this formulation and the fonnulation which uses superspace, the space-time supplemented by spinning degrees of freedom, is also briefly discussed.
Problems in unification and supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Farrar, G.; Henyey, F. (eds.)
1984-01-01
Problems in unification of the various gauge groups, quantum gravity, supersymmetry and supergravity, compact dimensions of space-time, and conditions at the beginning of the universe are discussed. Separate entries were prepared for the data base for the 15 papers presented. (WHK)
Dynamical D-terms in supergravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Valerie Domcke
2015-02-01
Full Text Available Most phenomenological models of supersymmetry breaking rely on nonzero F-terms rather than nonzero D-terms. An important reason why D-terms are often neglected is that it turns out to be very challenging to realize D-terms at energies parametrically smaller than the Planck scale in supergravity. As we demonstrate in this paper, all conventional difficulties may, however, be overcome if the generation of the D-term is based on strong dynamics. To illustrate our idea, we focus on a certain class of vector-like SUSY breaking models that enjoy a minimal particle content and which may be easily embedded into more complete scenarios. We are then able to show that, upon gauging a global flavor symmetry, an appropriate choice of Yukawa couplings readily allows to dynamically generate a D-term at an almost arbitrary energy scale. This includes in particular the natural and consistent realization of D-terms around, above and below the scale of grand unification in supergravity, without the need for fine-tuning of any model parameters. Our construction might therefore bear the potential to open up a new direction for model building in supersymmetry and early universe cosmology.
Higher derivative extension of 6D chiral gauged supergravity
Bergshoeff, Eric; Coomans, Frederik; Sezgin, Ergin; Van Proeyen, Antoine
2012-01-01
Six-dimensional (1,0) supersymmetric gauged Einstein-Maxwell supergravity is extended by the inclusion of a supersymmetric Riemann tensor squared invariant. loth the original model as well as the Riemann tensor squared invariant are formulated off-shell and consequently the total action is off-shell
Two-dimensional gauge theoretic supergravities
Cangemi, D.; Leblanc, M.
1994-05-01
We investigate two-dimensional supergravity theories, which can be built from a topological and gauge invariant action defined on an ordinary surface. One is the N = 1 supersymmetric extension of the Jackiw-Teitelboim model presented by Chamseddine in a superspace formalism. We complement the proof of Montano, Aoaki and Sonnenschein that this extension is topological and gauge invariant, based on the graded de Sitter algebra. Not only do the equations of motion correspond to the supergravity ones and do gauge transformations encompass local supersymmetries, but we also identify the ∫-theory with the superfield formalism action written by Chamseddine. Next, we show that the N = 1 supersymmetric extension of string-inspired two-dimensional dilaton gravity put forward by Park and Strominger cannot be written as a ∫-theory. As an alternative, we propose two topological and gauge theories that are based on a graded extension of the extended Poincaré algebra and satisfy a vanishing-curvature condition. Both models are supersymmetric extensions of the string-inspired dilaton gravity.
Helical Phase Inflation and Monodromy in Supergravity Theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tianjun Li
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We study helical phase inflation which realizes “monodromy inflation” in supergravity theory. In the model, inflation is driven by the phase component of a complex field whose potential possesses helicoid structure. We construct phase monodromy based on explicitly breaking global U(1 symmetry in the superpotential. By integrating out heavy fields, the phase monodromy from single complex scalar field is realized and the model fulfills natural inflation. The phase-axion alignment is achieved from explicitly symmetry breaking and gives super-Planckian phase decay constant. The F-term scalar potential provides strong field stabilization for all the scalars except inflaton, which is protected by the approximate global U(1 symmetry. Besides, we show that helical phase inflation can be naturally realized in no-scale supergravity with SU(2,1/SU(2×U(1 symmetry since the supergravity setup needed for phase monodromy is automatically provided in the no-scale Kähler potential. We also demonstrate that helical phase inflation can be reduced to another well-known supergravity inflation model with shift symmetry. Helical phase inflation is free from the UV-sensitivity problem although there is super-Planckian field excursion, and it suggests that inflation can be effectively studied based on supersymmetric field theory while a UV-completed framework is not prerequisite.
Gauged/Massive Supergravities in Diverse Dimensions
Alonso-Alberca, N; Alonso-Alberca, Natxo; Ortin, Tomas
2003-01-01
We show how massive/gauged maximal supergravities in 11-n dimensions with SO(n-l,l) gauge groups (and other non-semisimple subgroups of Sl(n,R)) can be systematically obtained by dimensional reduction of ``massive 11-dimensional supergravity''. This series of massive/gauged supergravities includes, for instance, Romans' massive N=2A,d=10 supergravity for n=1, N=2,d=9 SO(2) and SO(1,1) gauged supergravities for n=2, and N=8,d=5 SO(6-l,l) gauged supergravity. In all cases, higher p-form fields get masses through the Stuckelberg mechanism which is an alternative to self-duality in odd dimensions.
Supergravity celebrates quarter of a century
Rocek, Martin; Sterman, George F; van Nieuwenhuizen, P
2002-01-01
The first complete theory of supergravity appeared 25 years ago last autumn. To mark the occasion, the State University of New York at Stony Brook held a workshop on the subject in December. The development of supergravity 25 years ago may be thought of as the exercise of identifying a minimal set of interactions between gravitons and gravitinos that respects general co-ordinate invariance and makes supersymmetry a gauge symmetry. The task of formulating the minimal supergravity theory was accomplished by Sergio Ferrara. An important development came when 2000 terms generated by an infinitesimal supersymmetry transformation were cancelled by computer. With this result, supergravity moved from conjecture to consistency. Their approach, called the "Noether method", was based on building the correct transformation laws by retracing the reasoning of Emmy Noether's famous theorem connecting symmetries and conservation laws. Supergravity is also central to AdS/CFT correspondence, which relates supergravity in highe...
Coupling brane fields to bulk supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Parameswaran, Susha L. [Uppsala Univ. (Sweden). Theoretical Physics; Schmidt, Jonas [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2010-12-15
In this note we present a simple, general prescription for coupling brane localized fields to bulk supergravity. We illustrate the procedure by considering 6D N=2 bulk supergravity on a 2D orbifold, with brane fields localized at the fixed points. The resulting action enjoys the full 6D N=2 symmetries in the bulk, and those of 4D N=1 supergravity at the brane positions. (orig.)
SUSY breaking after inflation in supergravity with inflaton in a massive vector multiplet
Aldabergenov, Yermek
2016-01-01
We propose a limited class of models, describing interacting chiral multiplets with a non-minimal coupling to a vector multiplet, in curved superspace of $N=1$ supergravity. Those models are suitable for the inflationary model building in supergravity with inflaton assigned to a massive vector multiplet and spontaneous SUSY breaking in Minkowski vacuum after inflation, for any values of the inflationary parameters $n_s$ and $r$, and any scale of SUSY breaking.
Motivation to Improve Work through Learning: A Conceptual Model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kueh Hua Ng
2014-12-01
Full Text Available This study aims to enhance our current understanding of the transfer of training by proposing a conceptual model that supports the mediating role of motivation to improve work through learning about the relationship between social support and the transfer of training. The examination of motivation to improve work through motivation to improve work through a learning construct offers a holistic view pertaining to a learner's profile in a workplace setting, which emphasizes learning for the improvement of work performance. The proposed conceptual model is expected to benefit human resource development theory building, as well as field practitioners by emphasizing the motivational aspects crucial for successful transfer of training.
Motivation-driven learning and teaching model for construction education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Imriyas Kamardeen
2013-03-01
Full Text Available Quality learning outcomes are correlated with students’ motivation to learn. Lecturers need to design courses that enthuse, inspire and motivate their students. But, this is a fundamental challenge facing many lecturers. A new motivation-driven learning and teaching model was developed to help lecturers in this regard. Its operationalisation, implementation and evaluation were conducted in a first year course in Construction Management degree through action research. Study findings suggest that the new model can help lecturers to improve overall teaching quality and student learning experience as it facilitates effective course delivery, stimulation of student motivation to learn and improved learning support.
Ads/cft Correspondence From The Supergravity Point Of View
Deger, N S
2001-01-01
In this dissertation we explore various supergravity aspects of the AdS/CFT duality. According to this correspondence, string/M theory on AdSd+1 is dual to a CFTd on its boundary. Taking the supergravity limit of the string/M theory one can do perturbative calculations in the bulk which gives information about strongly coupled CFT's. In Chapter I we review the AdS/CFT correspondence. In Chapter II the complete spectrum of D = 6, N = 4b supergravity with n tensor multiplets compactified on AdS3 × S3 is determined. The spectrum contains more than one tower of supermultiplets. In Chapter III we couple n copies of N = (2, 0) scalar multiplets to a gauged N = (2, 0) supergravity in 2 + 1 dimensions which admits AdS3 as a vacuum. The scalar fields are charged under the R-symmetry group U(1) and parametrize certain Kahler manifolds with compact or non-compact isometries. We also find black string solutions of our model. In Chapter IV the boundary behaviour of this model is examined. It is shown that re...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sehmuz Akalin
2012-06-01
Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the factors that motivate students in large online courses. Specifically, the purposes were: (a to document how highly men and women rated motivational beliefs in a large online course; (b to determine why men and women rated their motivational beliefs the way in which they did; and (c to provide recommendations for how to intentionally design online courses to motivate students. Using a mixed methods design, we used a questionnaire to assess undergraduate students’ perceptions of the components of the MUSIC Model of Academic Motivation (i.e., eMpowerment, Usefulness, Success, Interest, and Caring in an online course and their suggestions for changing the course. Overall, men and women provided high ratings for their motivational beliefs in the course. The suggestions students provided for changing the course were similar for both sexes and revealed a preference for instructional strategies that were consistent with the tenets of the MUSIC Model of Academic Motivation, including: offering more and/or varied assessments, providing interactive activities, including videos and/or video lectures, and offering face-toface meetings. Other suggestions for improving the online course design are provided.
Minimal N=4 topologically massive supergravity
Kuzenko, Sergei M.; Novak, Joseph; Sachs, Ivo
2017-03-01
Using the superconformal framework, we construct a new off-shell model for N=4 topologically massive supergravity which is minimal in the sense that it makes use of a single compensating vector multiplet and involves no free parameter. As such, it provides a counterexample to the common lore that two compensating multiplets are required within the conformal approach to supergravity with eight supercharges in diverse dimensions. This theory is an off-shell N=4 supersymmetric extension of chiral gravity. All of its solutions correspond to non-conformally flat superspaces. Its maximally supersymmetric solutions include the so-called critical (4,0) anti-de Sitter superspace introduced in [25], and well as warped critical (4,0) anti-de Sitter superspaces. We also propose a dual formulation for the theory in which the vector multiplet is replaced with an off-shell hypermultiplet. Upon elimination of the auxiliary fields belonging to the hypermultiplet and imposing certain gauge conditions, the dual action reduces to the one introduced in [20].
Minimal $\\cal N=4$ topologically massive supergravity
Kuzenko, Sergei M; Sachs, Ivo
2016-01-01
Using the superconformal framework, we construct a new off-shell model for topologically massive $\\cal N=4$ supergravity which is minimal in the sense that it makes use of a single compensating vector multiplet. Our theory provides a counterexample to the common lore that two compensating multiplets are required within the conformal approach to supergravity with eight supercharges in diverse dimensions. All solutions in this theory correspond to non-conformally flat superspaces. Its maximally supersymmetric solutions include the so-called critical (4,0) anti-de Sitter superspace introduced in arXiv:1205.4622. Other maximally supersymmetric solutions describe warped critical (4,0) anti-de Sitter superspaces. We also propose a dual formulation for the theory in which the vector multiplet is replaced with an off-shell hypermultiplet. Upon elimination of the auxiliary fields belonging to the hypermultiplet and imposing certain gauge conditions, the dual action reduces to the one introduced in arXiv:1605.00103.
Supergravity Fluxbranes in Various Dimensions
Chen, C M; Saffin, P M; Chen, Chiang-Mei; Gal'tsov, Dmitri V.; Saffin, Paul M.
2002-01-01
We investigate fluxbrane solutions to the Einstein-antisymmetric form-dilaton theory in arbitrary space-time dimensions for a transverse space of cylindrical topology $S^k\\times R^n$, corresponding to smeared and unsmeared solutions. A master equation for a single metric function is derived. This is a non-linear second-order ordinary differential equation admitting an analytic solution, singular at the origin, which serves as an attractor for globally regular solutions, whose existence is demonstrated numerically. For all fluxbranes of different levels of smearing the metric function diverges at infinity as the same power of the radial coordinate except for the maximally smeared case, where a global solution is known in closed form and can be obtained algebraically using U-duality. The particular cases of F6 and F3 fluxbranes in D=11 supergravity and fluxbranes in IIA, IIB supergravities are discussed.
Linearized supergravity from Matrix theory
Kabat, D; Kabat, Daniel; Taylor, Washington
1998-01-01
We show that the linearized supergravity potential between two objects arising from the exchange of quanta with zero longitudinal momentum is reproduced to all orders in 1/r by terms in the one-loop Matrix theory potential. The essential ingredient in the proof is the identification of the Matrix theory quantities corresponding to moments of the stress tensor and membrane current. We also point out that finite-N Matrix theory violates the Equivalence Principle.
Twisted Chern-Simons supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Castellani, L. [Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica, Univ. del Piemonte Orientale, Alessandria (Italy); INFN Gruppo collegato di Alessandria (Italy)
2014-09-11
We present a noncommutative version of D = 5 Chern-Simons supergravity, where noncommutativity is encoded in a *-product associated to an abelian Drinfeld twist. The theory is invariant under diffeomorphisms, and under the *-gauge supergroup SU(2,2 vertical stroke 4), including Lorentz and N = 4 local supersymmetries. (Copyright copyright 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Dark Matter from Starobinsky Supergravity
Addazi, Andrea; Khlopov, Maxim Yu.
2017-01-01
We review our recent results on dark matter from Starobinsky supergravity. In this context, a natural candidate for Cold Dark Matter is the gravitino. On the other hand, assuming the supersymmetry broken at scales much higher than the electroweak scale, gravitinos are super heavy particles. In this case, they may be non-thermally produced during inflation, in turn originated by the scalaron field with Starobinsky's potential.Assuming gravitinos as Lightest supersymmetric particles (LSSP), the...
Higgs mechanism and cosmological constant in N = 1 supergravity with inflaton in a vector multiplet
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Aldabergenov, Yermek [Tokyo Metropolitan University, Department of Physics, Tokyo (Japan); Ketov, Sergei V. [Tokyo Metropolitan University, Department of Physics, Tokyo (Japan); The University of Tokyo, Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU), Chiba (Japan); Tomsk Polytechnic University, Institute of Physics and Technology, Tomsk (Russian Federation)
2017-04-15
The N = 1 supergravity models of cosmological inflation with an inflaton belonging to a massive vector multiplet and spontaneous SUSY breaking after inflation are reformulated as the supersymmetric U(1) gauge theories of a massless vector superfield interacting with the Higgs and Polonyi chiral superfields, all coupled to supergravity. The U(1) gauge sector is identified with the U(1) gauge fields of the super-GUT coupled to supergravity, whose gauge group has a U(1) factor. A positive cosmological constant (dark energy) is included. The scalar potential is calculated, and its de Sitter vacuum solution is found to be stable. (orig.)
Motivation to Improve Work through Learning: A Conceptual Model
Kueh Hua Ng; Rusli Ahmad
2014-01-01
This study aims to enhance our current understanding of the transfer of training by proposing a conceptual model that supports the mediating role of motivation to improve work through learning about the relationship between social support and the transfer of training. The examination of motivation to improve work through motivation to improve work through a learning construct offers a holistic view pertaining to a learner's profile in a workplace setting, which emphasizes learning for the imp...
A magic pyramid of supergravities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anastasiou, A.; Borsten, L.; Duff, M.J.; Hughes, L.J.; Nagy, S. [Theoretical Physics, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London,London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)
2014-04-29
By formulating N=1,2,4,8, D=3, Yang-Mills with a single Lagrangian and single set of transformation rules, but with fields valued respectively in ℝ,ℂ,ℍ,O, it was recently shown that tensoring left and right multiplets yields a Freudenthal-Rosenfeld-Tits magic square of D=3 supergravities. This was subsequently tied in with the more familiar ℝ,ℂ,ℍ,O description of spacetime to give a unified division-algebraic description of extended super Yang-Mills in D=3,4,6,10. Here, these constructions are brought together resulting in a magic pyramid of supergravities. The base of the pyramid in D=3 is the known 4×4 magic square, while the higher levels are comprised of a 3×3 square in D=4, a 2×2 square in D=6 and Type II supergravity at the apex in D=10. The corresponding U-duality groups are given by a new algebraic structure, the magic pyramid formula, which may be regarded as being defined over three division algebras, one for spacetime and each of the left/right Yang-Mills multiplets. We also construct a conformal magic pyramid by tensoring conformal supermultiplets in D=3,4,6. The missing entry in D=10 is suggestive of an exotic theory with G/H duality structure F{sub 4(4)}/Sp(3)×Sp(1)
A magic pyramid of supergravities
Anastasiou, A; Duff, M J; Hughes, L J; Nagy, S
2013-01-01
By formulating N = 1, 2, 4, 8, D = 3, Yang-Mills with a single Lagrangian and single set of transformation rules, but with fields valued respectively in R,C,H,O, it was recently shown that tensoring left and right multiplets yields a Freudenthal-Rosenfeld-Tits magic square of D = 3 supergravities. This was subsequently tied in with the more familiar R,C,H,O description of spacetime to give a unified division-algebraic description of extended super Yang-Mills in D = 3, 4, 6, 10. Here, these constructions are brought together resulting in a magic pyramid of supergravities. The base of the pyramid in D = 3 is the known 4x4 magic square, while the higher levels are comprised of a 3x3 square in D = 4, a 2x2 square in D = 6 and Type II supergravity at the apex in D = 10. The corresponding U-duality groups are given by a new algebraic structure, the magic pyramid formula, which may be regarded as being defined over three division algebras, one for spacetime and each of the left/right Yang-Mills multiplets. We also c...
A magic pyramid of supergravities
Anastasiou, A.; Borsten, L.; Duff, M. J.; Hughes, L. J.; Nagy, S.
2014-04-01
By formulating = 1, 2, 4, 8, D = 3, Yang-Mills with a single Lagrangian and single set of transformation rules, but with fields valued respectively in , it was recently shown that tensoring left and right multiplets yields a Freudenthal-Rosenfeld-Tits magic square of D = 3 supergravities. This was subsequently tied in with the more familiar description of spacetime to give a unified division-algebraic description of extended super Yang-Mills in D = 3, 4, 6, 10. Here, these constructions are brought together resulting in a magic pyramid of supergravities. The base of the pyramid in D = 3 is the known 4 × 4 magic square, while the higher levels are comprised of a 3 × 3 square in D = 4, a 2 × 2 square in D = 6 and Type II supergravity at the apex in D = 10. The corresponding U-duality groups are given by a new algebraic structure, the magic pyramid formula, which may be regarded as being defined over three division algebras, one for spacetime and each of the left/right Yang-Mills multiplets. We also construct a conformal magic pyramid by tensoring conformal supermultiplets in D = 3, 4, 6. The missing entry in D = 10 is suggestive of anexotic theory with G/ H duality structure F 4(4)/Sp(3) × Sp(1).
Linearized supergravity with a dynamical preferred frame
Marakulin, Arthur
2016-01-01
We study supersymmetric extension of the Einstein-aether gravitational model where local Lorentz invariance is broken down to the subgroup of spatial rotations by a vacuum expectation value of a timelike vector field. By restricting to the level of linear perturbations around Lorentz-violating vacuum and using the superfield formalism we construct the most general action invariant under the linearized supergravity transformations. We show that, unlike its non-supersymmetric counterpart, the model contains only a single free dimensionless parameter, besides the usual dimensionful gravitational coupling. This makes the model highly predictive. An analysis of the spectrum of physical excitations reveal superluminal velocity of gravitons. The latter property leads to the extension of the gravitational multiplet by additional fermonic and bosonic states with helicities $\\pm 3/2$ and $\\pm 1$. We outline the observational constraints on the model following from its low-energy phenomenology.
BPS preons, generalized holonomies, and D=11 supergravities
Bandos, Igor A.; de Azcárraga, José A.; Izquierdo, José M.; Picón, Moisés; Varela, Oscar
2004-05-01
We develop the BPS (Bogomol’nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield) preon conjecture to analyze the supersymmetric solutions of D=11 supergravity. By relating the notions of Killing spinors and BPS preons, we develop a moving G-frame method [G=GL(32,R), SL(32,R) or Sp(32,R)] to analyze their associated generalized holonomies. As a first application we derive here the equations determining the generalized holonomies of ν=k/32 supersymmetric solutions and, in particular, those solving the necessary conditions for the existence of BPS preonic (ν=31/32) solutions of the standard D=11 supergravity. We also show that there exist elementary preonic solutions, i.e., solutions preserving 31 out of 32 supersymmetries in a Chern-Simons type supergravity. We present as well a family of worldvolume actions describing the motion of pointlike and extended BPS preons in the background of a D’Auria-Fré type OSp(1|32)-related supergravity model. We discuss the possible implications for M theory.
Inflation in maximal gauged supergravities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kodama, Hideo [Theory Center, KEK,Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Department of Particles and Nuclear Physics,The Graduate University for Advanced Studies,Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Nozawa, Masato [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano, and INFN, Sezione di Milano,Via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy)
2015-05-18
We discuss the dynamics of multiple scalar fields and the possibility of realistic inflation in the maximal gauged supergravity. In this paper, we address this problem in the framework of recently discovered 1-parameter deformation of SO(4,4) and SO(5,3) dyonic gaugings, for which the base point of the scalar manifold corresponds to an unstable de Sitter critical point. In the gauge-field frame where the embedding tensor takes the value in the sum of the 36 and 36’ representations of SL(8), we present a scheme that allows us to derive an analytic expression for the scalar potential. With the help of this formalism, we derive the full potential and gauge coupling functions in analytic forms for the SO(3)×SO(3)-invariant subsectors of SO(4,4) and SO(5,3) gaugings, and argue that there exist no new critical points in addition to those discovered so far. For the SO(4,4) gauging, we also study the behavior of 6-dimensional scalar fields in this sector near the Dall’Agata-Inverso de Sitter critical point at which the negative eigenvalue of the scalar mass square with the largest modulus goes to zero as the deformation parameter s approaches a critical value s{sub c}. We find that when the deformation parameter s is taken sufficiently close to the critical value, inflation lasts more than 60 e-folds even if the initial point of the inflaton allows an O(0.1) deviation in Planck units from the Dall’Agata-Inverso critical point. It turns out that the spectral index n{sub s} of the curvature perturbation at the time of the 60 e-folding number is always about 0.96 and within the 1σ range n{sub s}=0.9639±0.0047 obtained by Planck, irrespective of the value of the η parameter at the critical saddle point. The tensor-scalar ratio predicted by this model is around 10{sup −3} and is close to the value in the Starobinsky model.
Warped anti-de Sitter in 3d (2,0) Supergravity
Moutsopoulos, George
2016-01-01
We comment on the ubiquity of the so-called warped anti-de Sitter spacetimes in three-dimensional (2,0) supergravity theory. By using isometry-invariant tensors and simple counting, we prove their existence for arbitrary $(2,0)$ supergravity models suitably defined close to a minimal model. We also analyze their offshell supersymmetry and the supersymmetry of two geometric orbifolds.
Addiction Motivation Reformulated: An Affective Processing Model of Negative Reinforcement
Baker, Timothy B.; Piper, Megan E.; McCarthy, Danielle E.; Majeskie, Matthew R.; Fiore, Michael C.
2004-01-01
This article offers a reformulation of the negative reinforcement model of drug addiction and proposes that the escape and avoidance of negative affect is the prepotent motive for addictive drug use. The authors posit that negative affect is the motivational core of the withdrawal syndrome and argue that, through repeated cycles of drug use and…
A Model for Employee Motivation and Satisfaction.
Grant, Philip C.
1979-01-01
To increase an employee's motivation, an employee must perceive that s/he will achieve higher satisfaction for greater effort. To generate such perception, rewards must clearly be contingent on effort and the cost of increased effort must grow at a slower rate than the increase in reward. (Author/IRT)
Recent developments in four-dimensional supergravity
Sharpe, Eric
2011-10-01
I will summarize recent work on gauge theories in supergravity, specifically concerning the `Fayet-Iliopoulos' parameter. In rigidly supersymmetric gauge theories, this parameter also appears and can vary continuously. In supergravity old lore held that it should always vanish. I will discuss recent developments showing that in fact it can be nonzero, but is quantized, and will explore various ramifications of that result.
S-brane Solutions in Supergravity Theories
Chen, C M; Gutperle, M; Chen, Chiang-Mei; Gal'tsov, Dmitri V.; Gutperle, Michael
2002-01-01
In this paper time dependent solutions of supergravities with dilaton and arbitrary rank antisymmetric tensor field are found. Although the solutions are nonsupersymmetric the equations of motions can be integrated in a simple form. Such supergravity solutions are related to Euclidean or spacelike branes (S-branes).
Lifshitz black holes in IIA supergravity
Barclay, Luke; Gregory, Ruth; Parameswaran, Susha; Tasinato, Gianmassimo; Zavala, Ivonne
2012-01-01
We compute string theoretic black hole solutions having Lifshitz asymptotics with a general dynamical exponent z > 1. We start by constructing solutions in a flux compactification of six dimensional supergravity, then uplift them to massive type HA supergravity. Alongside the Lifshitz black holes we
Construction of the de Sitter supergravity
Bergshoeff, Eric; Freedman, Dan; Kallosh, Renata; Proeyen, Antoine Van
2016-01-01
Recently, the complete action for an N=1 pure supergravity action in 4 dimensions that allows a positive, negative or zero cosmological constant has been constructed. The action is the generalization of a Volkov-Akulov action for the Goldstino coupled to supergravity. The construction uses a
Lifshitz black holes in IIA supergravity
Barclay, Luke; Gregory, Ruth; Parameswaran, Susha; Tasinato, Gianmassimo; Zavala, Ivonne
2012-01-01
We compute string theoretic black hole solutions having Lifshitz asymptotics with a general dynamical exponent z > 1. We start by constructing solutions in a flux compactification of six dimensional supergravity, then uplift them to massive type HA supergravity. Alongside the Lifshitz black holes we
Experimental limits on antigravity in extended supergravity
1995-01-01
The available tests of the equivalence principle constrain the mass of the Higgs-like boson appearing in extended supergravity theories. We determine the constraints imposed by the present and future high precision experiments on the antigravity fields arising from $N=2,8$ supergravity.
M-theory and gauged supergravities
Roest, D
2005-01-01
We present a pedagogical discussion of the emergence of gauged supergravities from M-theory. First, a review of maximal supergravity and its global symmetries and supersymmetric solutions is given. Next, different procedures of dimensional reduction are explained: reductions over a torus, a group ma
Massive N=2 supergravity in three dimensions
Alkaç, Gökhan; Basanisi, Luca; Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Özkan, Mehmet; Sezgin, Ergin
2015-01-01
There exists two distinct off-shell N = 2 supergravities in three dimensions. They are also referred to as N = (1, 1) and N = (2, 0) supergravities, and they arise from the coupling of the Weyl multiplet to a compensating scalar or vector multiplet, respectively, followed by fixing of conformal symm
M-theory and Gauged Supergravities
Roest, D.
2004-01-01
Abstract: We present a pedagogical discussion of the emergence of gauged supergravities from M-theory. First, a review of maximal supergravity and its global symmetries and supersymmetric solutions is given. Next, different procedures of dimensional reduction are explained: reductions over a torus,
M-theory and Gauged Supergravities
Roest, D.
2004-01-01
Abstract: We present a pedagogical discussion of the emergence of gauged supergravities from M-theory. First, a review of maximal supergravity and its global symmetries and supersymmetric solutions is given. Next, different procedures of dimensional reduction are explained: reductions over a torus,
On Toda equation and half BPS supergravity solution in M-theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ganjali, Mohammad A. [Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics (IPM), Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9161, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2006-01-15
Recently, it was shown that half BPS Supergravity solution of theories with SU(2/4) symmetry algebra is given uniformly by determining a single function which obeys three dimensional continuous Toda equation. In this paper, we study the scale invariant solution of Toda equation. Our motivation is that some solutions of half BPS sector of IIB supergravity, as one excepts from the fermion description of the theory, are scale invariant. By defining two auxiliary functions we prove that such solutions of Toda equation obey cubic algebraic equation. We obtain some simpl solutions of Toda equation specially, we observe that the PP-wave solution can be written in this fashion.
Consistent 4-form fluxes for maximal supergravity
Godazgar, Hadi; Krueger, Olaf; Nicolai, Hermann
2015-01-01
We derive new ansaetze for the 4-form field strength of D=11 supergravity corresponding to uplifts of four-dimensional maximal gauged supergravity. In particular, the ansaetze directly yield the components of the 4-form field strength in terms of the scalars and vectors of the four-dimensional maximal gauged supergravity---in this way they provide an explicit uplift of all four-dimensional consistent truncations of D=11 supergravity. The new ansaetze provide a substantially simpler method for uplifting d=4 flows compared to the previously available method using the 3-form and 6-form potential ansaetze. The ansatz for the Freund-Rubin term allows us to conjecture a `master formula' for the latter in terms of the scalar potential of d=4 gauged supergravity and its first derivative. We also resolve a long-standing puzzle concerning the antisymmetry of the flux obtained from uplift ansaetze.
Pure Spinor Superstrings on Generic type IIA Supergravity Backgrounds
D'Auria, R; Grassi, P A; Trigiante, M
2008-01-01
We derive the Free Differential Algebra for type IIA supergravity in 10 dimensions in the string frame. We provide all fermionic terms for all curvatures. We derive the Green-Schwarz sigma model for type IIA superstring based on the FDA construction and we check its invariance under kappa-symmetry. Finally, we derive the pure spinor sigma model and we check the BRST invariance. The present derivation has the advantage that the resulting sigma model is constructed in terms of the superfields appearing in the FDA and therefore one can directly relate a supergravity background with the corresponding sigma model. The complete explicit form of the BRST transformations is given and some new pure spinor constraints are obtained. Finally, the explicit form of the action is given.
The behavioural motivation model in open distance learning
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zaikin, Oleg; Malinowska, Magdalena; Kofoed, Lise B.
2014-01-01
The article contains the concept of developing a motivation model aimed at supporting activity of both students and teachers in the process of implementing and using an open and distance learning system. Proposed motivation model is focused on the task of filling the knowledge repository with high...... quality didactic material. Open and distance learning system assures a computer space for the teaching/learning process in open environment. The structure of the motivation model and formal assumptions are described. Additionally, there is presented a structure of the linguistic database, helping...... the teacher to assess the student's motivation and the basic simulation model to analysis the teaching/learning process constrains. The proposed approach is based on the games theory and simulation approach....
Effective supergravity actions for flop transitions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jarv, Laur; Mohaupt, Thomas; Saueressig, Frank E-mail: F.Saueressig@tpi.uni-jena.de
2003-12-01
We construct a family of five-dimensional gauged supergravity actions which describe flop transitions of M-theory compactified on Calabi-Yau three folds. While the vector multiplet sector can be treated exactly, we use the Wolf spaces X(1+N) = U(1+N,2)/(U(1+N) x U(2)) to model the universal hyper multiplet together with N charged hyper multiplets corresponding to winding states of the M2-brane. The metric, the Killing vectors and the moment maps of these spaces are obtained explicitly by using the superconformal quotient construction of quaternion-Kaehler manifolds. The inclusion of the extra hyper multiplets gives rise to a non-trivial scalar potential which is uniquely fixed by M-theory physics. (author)
Classical cosmologies from ten-dimensional supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gleiser, M.; Stein-Schabes, J.A.
1986-09-15
We study possible cosmological solutions to N = 1, D = 10 supergravity with the Yang-Mills field strength set to zero and show that the model accepts both power-law solutions and exponential solutions in the large-time limit. The stability of these solutions is investigated. It is found that a shrinking internal space is compatible with several field configurations. Using a stable power-law solution we analyze the conditions to obtain enough inflation in the physical space from the shrinking internal dimensions. We also show that for a flat topology a de Sitter phase is possible for late times. We used the consistency with the density perturbations to fix the inflationary parameter.
Low-scale supergravity inflation with R-symmetry
Germán, G; Mondragón, M N
2000-01-01
We study a supergravity model of inflation with R-symmetry and a single scalar field, the inflaton, slowly rolling away from the origin. The scales of inflation can be as low as the supersymmetry breaking scale of 10^10 GeV or even the electroweak scale of 10^3 GeV which could be relevant in the context of theories with submillimiter dimensions. Exact analytical solutions are presented and a comparison with related models is given.
Minimal scalar-less matter-coupled supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dall' Agata, Gianguido, E-mail: dallagat@pd.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau (France); Ferrara, Sergio [Theory Unit, Physics Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Via Enrico Fermi 40, I-00044 Frascati (Italy); Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Zwirner, Fabio [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Theory Unit, Physics Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)
2016-01-10
We build the minimal supergravity model where the nilpotent chiral goldstino superfield is coupled to a chiral matter superfield, realising a different non-linear representation through a mixed nilpotency constraint. The model describes the spontaneous breaking of local supersymmetry in the presence of a generically massive Majorana fermion, but in the absence of elementary scalars. The sign and the size of the cosmological constant, the spectrum and the four-fermion interactions are controlled by suitable parameters.
Minimal scalar-less matter-coupled supergravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gianguido Dall'Agata
2016-01-01
Full Text Available We build the minimal supergravity model where the nilpotent chiral goldstino superfield is coupled to a chiral matter superfield, realising a different non-linear representation through a mixed nilpotency constraint. The model describes the spontaneous breaking of local supersymmetry in the presence of a generically massive Majorana fermion, but in the absence of elementary scalars. The sign and the size of the cosmological constant, the spectrum and the four-fermion interactions are controlled by suitable parameters.
Minimal scalar-less matter-coupled supergravity
Dall'Agata, Gianguido; Zwirner, Fabio
2016-01-01
We build the minimal supergravity model where the nilpotent chiral goldstino superfield is coupled to a chiral matter superfield, realising a different non-linear representation through a mixed nilpotency constraint. The model describes the spontaneous breaking of local supersymmetry in the presence of a generically massive Majorana fermion, but in the absence of elementary scalars. The sign and the size of the cosmological constant, the spectrum and the four-fermion interactions are controlled by suitable parameters.
The behavioural motivation model in open distance learning
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zaikin, Oleg; Malinowska, Magdalena; Kofoed, Lise B.
2014-01-01
The article contains the concept of developing a motivation model aimed at supporting activity of both students and teachers in the process of implementing and using an open and distance learning system. Proposed motivation model is focused on the task of filling the knowledge repository with hig...... the teacher to assess the student's motivation and the basic simulation model to analysis the teaching/learning process constrains. The proposed approach is based on the games theory and simulation approach.......The article contains the concept of developing a motivation model aimed at supporting activity of both students and teachers in the process of implementing and using an open and distance learning system. Proposed motivation model is focused on the task of filling the knowledge repository with high...... quality didactic material. Open and distance learning system assures a computer space for the teaching/learning process in open environment. The structure of the motivation model and formal assumptions are described. Additionally, there is presented a structure of the linguistic database, helping...
Two-field analysis of no-scale supergravity inflation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, John [Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, King' s College London, WC2R 2LS London (United Kingdom); García, Marcos A.G.; Olive, Keith A. [William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Nanopoulos, Dimitri V., E-mail: john.ellis@cern.ch, E-mail: garciagarcia@physics.umn.edu, E-mail: dimitri@physics.tamu.edu, E-mail: olive@physics.umn.edu [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, 77843 Texas (United States)
2015-01-01
Since the building-blocks of supersymmetric models include chiral superfields containing pairs of effective scalar fields, a two-field approach is particularly appropriate for models of inflation based on supergravity. In this paper, we generalize the two-field analysis of the inflationary power spectrum to supergravity models with arbitrary Kähler potential. We show how two-field effects in the context of no-scale supergravity can alter the model predictions for the scalar spectral index n{sub s} and the tensor-to-scalar ratio r, yielding results that interpolate between the Planck-friendly Starobinsky model and BICEP2-friendly predictions. In particular, we show that two-field effects in a chaotic no-scale inflation model with a quadratic potential are capable of reducing r to very small values || 0.1. We also calculate the non-Gaussianity measure f{sub NL}, finding that is well below the current experimental sensitivity.
Supergravity, Dark Energy and the Fate of the Universe
Kallosh, Renata E; Prokushkin, S F; Shmakova, M; Kallosh, Renata; Linde, Andrei; Prokushkin, Sergey; Shmakova, Marina
2002-01-01
We propose a description of dark energy and acceleration of the universe in extended supergravities with de Sitter (dS) solutions. Some of them are related to M-theory with non-compact internal spaces. Masses of ultra-light scalars in these models are quantized in units of the Hubble constant: m^2 = n H^2. If dS solution corresponds to a minimum of the effective potential, the universe eventually becomes dS space. If dS solution corresponds to a maximum or a saddle point, which is the case in all known models based on N=8 supergravity, the flat universe eventually stops accelerating and collapses to a singularity. We show that in these models, as well as in the simplest models of dark energy based on N=1 supergravity, the typical time remaining before the global collapse is comparable to the present age of the universe, t = O(10^{10}) years. We discuss the possibility of distinguishing between various models and finding our destiny using cosmological observations.
Supergravity, Dark Energy and the Fate of the Universe
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shmakova, Marina
2002-09-27
We propose a description of dark energy and acceleration of the universe in extended supergravities with de Sitter (dS) solutions. Some of them are related to M-theory with non-compact internal spaces. Masses of ultra-light scalars in these models are quantized in units of the Hubble constant: m{sup 2} = nH{sup 2}. If dS solution corresponds to a minimum of the effective potential, the universe eventually becomes dS space. If dS solution corresponds to a maximum or a saddle point, which is the case in all known models based on N = 8 supergravity, the flat universe eventually stops accelerating and collapses to a singularity. We show that in these models, as well as in the simplest models of dark energy based on N = 1 supergravity, the typical time remaining before the global collapse is comparable to the present age of the universe, t = O(10{sup 10}) years. We discuss the possibility of distinguishing between various models and finding our destiny using cosmological observations.
Generalizing Minimal Supergravity
Li, Tianjun
2010-01-01
In Grand Unified Theories (GUTs), the Standard Model (SM) gauge couplings need not be unified at the GUT scale due to the high-dimensional operators. Considering gravity mediated supersymmetry breaking, we study for the first time the generic gauge coupling relations at the GUT scale, and the general gaugino mass relations which are valid from the GUT scale to the electroweak scale at one loop. We define the index k for these relations, which can be calculated in GUTs and can be determined at the Large Hadron Collider and the future International Linear Collider. Thus, we give a concrete definition of the GUT scale in these theories, and suggest a new way to test general GUTs at future experiments. We also discuss five special scenarios with interesting possibilities. With our generic formulae, we present all the GUT-scale gauge coupling relations and all the gaugino mass relations in the SU(5) and SO(10) models, and calculate the corresponding indices k. Especially, the index k is 5/3 in the traditional SU(5...
Model of Employees Motivation Through Gamification of Information System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jolanta Kostecka
2015-05-01
Full Text Available In this article the problem of motivation of employees, who are working with information system and whose work environment is full of monotonous, boring and repetitive tasks, is analyzed. On the basis of literature, theoretical aspects of work motivation are analyzed and it is suggested to use gamification in order to solve this problem. On the basis of literature, theoretical and practical aspects of motivation of gamers and gamification are analyzed. After all, it is suggested to use model which joins main aspects of employee needs and gamification. Through example of accounting specialists the offered model is used in practice. Based on the results of the research, opportunities of motivating accounting specialists through gamification of information system are evaluated.
KICS: A Model of Motivational Leadership in Organizations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
John N. N. Ugoani
2015-09-01
Full Text Available This pure research gave birth to a Model of Motivational Leadership – KICS: which embraces knowledge, intelligence, collaboration and synergy. It is a synergistic proposition based on the theory of emotional intelligence as the index of competencies needed for effective leadership. It opened with a general discussion on traditional models of leadership, then the roles of knowledge, intelligence, collaboration and synergy as they relate to motivational leadership. Issues of emotional intelligence clusters and synthesis of the model’s elements were discussed, emphasizing how KICS-based motivational leadership skills can be developed and sustained. Motivational leadership entails exciting people’s imaginations and inspiring them to move in a desired direction. It takes more than simple power to motivate and lead in organizations. Realizing that unity and cohesiveness are built from personal bonds, the best leaders ensure to deepen their rapport with employees and colleagues which enhances organizational performance. This pure research argues that the synergy of related emotional intelligence competencies can lead to motivational leadership behaviour. Knowledge is critical to leadership because there are different types of leadership and different situations require different kinds of knowledge, and the person possessing the knowledge demanded by a certain situation in most cases, tends to become the best leader. A knowledgeable person is one who is trained to consider his actions to undertake them deliberately, in a disciplined manner. Added to this ability is the intelligence to endure in a chosen course in the face of distraction, confusion and difficulty, all combined in producing a motivational leader. Knowledge tends to be procedural in nature and to operate outside of focal awareness. It also reflects the structure of the situation more closely than it does in the structure of formal disciplinary knowledge. The survey research design
Nernst branes with Lifshitz asymptotics in N=2 gauged supergravity
Cardoso, G L; Nampuri, S
2015-01-01
We discuss two classes of non-supersymmetric interpolating solutions in N=2, D=4 gauged supergravity, that flow from either a z=2 Lifshitz geometry or a conformal AdS background to the near-horizon geometry of a Nernst brane. We obtain these solutions by constructing a z=2 supersymmetric Lifshitz solution in the STU model from a first-order rewriting of the action, then lifting it up to a five-dimensional background and subsequently modifying this five-dimensional solution by a two-parameter family of deformations. Under reduction, these give four-dimensional non-supersymmetric Nernst brane solutions. This is a step towards resolving the Lifshitz tidal force singularity in the context of N=2 gauged supergravity and suggests an approach to encoding the Nernst brane in terms of the Schroedinger symmetry group of the holographically dual field theory.
Dynamical Volume Element in Scale-Invariant and Supergravity Theories
Guendelman, Eduardo; Pacheva, Svetlana; Vasihoun, Mahary
2013-01-01
The use in the action integral of a volume element of the form $\\Phi d^{D}x$, where $\\Phi$ is a metric-independent measure density, can yield new interesting results in all types of known generally coordinate-invariant theories: (1) 4-D theories of gravity plus matter fields; (2) reparametrization invariant theories of extended objects (strings and branes); (3) supergravity theories. In case (1) we obtain interesting insights concerning the cosmological constant problem, inflation and quintessence without the fifth force problem. In case (2) the above formalism leads to dynamically induced tension and to string models of non-abelian confinement. In case (3), we show that the modified-measure supergravity generates an arbitrary dynamically induced cosmological constant.
Type IIB supergravity on squashed Sasaki-Einstein manifolds
Cassani, Davide; Faedo, Anton F
2010-01-01
We provide a consistent N=4 Kaluza-Klein truncation of type IIB supergravity on general 5-dimensional squashed Sasaki-Einstein manifolds. Our reduction ansatz keeps all and only the supergravity modes dual to the universal gauge sector of the associated conformal theories, via the gauge/gravity correspondence. The reduced 5-dimensional model displays remarkable features: it includes both zero-modes as well as massive iterations of the Kaluza-Klein operators on the internal manifold; it contains tensor fields dual to vectors charged under a non-abelian gauge group; it has a scalar potential with a non-supersymmetric AdS vacuum in addition to the supersymmetric one.
Employee commitment and motivation: a conceptual analysis and integrative model.
Myer, John P; Becker, Thomas E; Vandenberghe, Christian
2004-12-01
Theorists and researchers interested in employee commitment and motivation have not made optimal use of each other's work. Commitment researchers seldom address the motivational processes through which commitment affects behavior, and motivation researchers have not recognized important distinctions in the forms, foci, and bases of commitment. To encourage greater cross-fertilization, the authors present an integrative framework in which commitment is presented as one of several energizing forces for motivated behavior. E. A. Locke's (1997) model of the work motivation process and J. P. Meyer and L. Herscovitch's (2001) model of workplace commitments serve as the foundation for the development of this new framework. To facilitate the merger, a new concept, goal regulation, is derived from self-determination theory (E. L. Deci & R. M. Ryan, 1985) and regulatory focus theory (E. I. Higgins, 1997). By including goal regulation, it is acknowledged that motivated behavior can be accompanied by different mindsets that have particularly important implications for the explanation and prediction of discretionary work behavior.
Vacuum Interpretation for Supergravity M-Branes
Chen, C M; Sharakin, S A; Chen, Chiang-Mei; Gal'tsov, Dmitri V.; Sharakin, Sergei A.
2000-01-01
A non-local classical duality between the three-block truncated 11D supergravity and the 8D vacuum gravity with two commuting Killing symmetries is established. The supergravity four-form field is generated via an inverse dualisation of the corresponding Killing two-forms in six dimensions. 11D supersymmetry condition is shown to be equivalent to existence of covariantly constant spinors in eight dimensions. Thus any solution to the vacuum Einstein equations in eight dimensions depending on six coordinates and admitting Killing spinors have supersymmetric 11D-supergravity counterparts. Using this duality we derive some new brane solutions to 11D-supergravity including 1/4 supersymmetric intersecting M-branes with a NUT parameter and a dyon solution joining the M2 and M5-branes intersecting at a point.
The maximal D = 4 supergravities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wit, Bernard de [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University, Postbus 80.195, NL-3508 TD Utrecht (Netherlands); Samtleben, Henning [Laboratoire de Physique, ENS Lyon, 46 allee d' Italie, F-69364 Lyon CEDEX 07 (France); Trigiante, Mario [Dept. of Physics, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Turin (Italy)
2007-06-15
All maximal supergravities in four space-time dimensions are presented. The ungauged Lagrangians can be encoded in an E{sub 7(7)}-Sp(56; R)/GL(28) matrix associated with the freedom of performing electric/magnetic duality transformations. The gauging is defined in terms of an embedding tensor {theta} which encodes the subgroup of E{sub 7(7)} that is realized as a local invariance. This embedding tensor may imply the presence of magnetic charges which require corresponding dual gauge fields. The latter can be incorporated by using a recently proposed formulation that involves tensor gauge fields in the adjoint representation of E{sub 7(7)}. In this formulation the results take a universal form irrespective of the electric/magnetic duality basis. We present the general class of supersymmetric and gauge invariant Lagrangians and discuss a number of applications.
The maximal D=5 supergravities
de Wit, Bernard; Trigiante, M; Wit, Bernard de; Samtleben, Henning; Trigiante, Mario
2007-01-01
The general Lagrangian for maximal supergravity in five spacetime dimensions is presented with vector potentials in the \\bar{27} and tensor fields in the 27 representation of E_6. This novel tensor-vector system is subject to an intricate set of gauge transformations, describing 3(27-t) massless helicity degrees of freedom for the vector fields and 3t massive spin degrees of freedom for the tensor fields, where the (even) value of t depends on the gauging. The kinetic term of the tensor fields is accompanied by a unique Chern-Simons coupling which involves both vector and tensor fields. The Lagrangians are completely encoded in terms of the embedding tensor which defines the E_6 subgroup that is gauged by the vectors. The embedding tensor is subject to two constraints which ensure the consistency of the combined vector-tensor gauge transformations and the supersymmetry of the full Lagrangian. This new formulation encompasses all possible gaugings.
Gauge theory origins of supergravity causal structure
Kabat, D; Kabat, Daniel; Lifschytz, Gilad
1999-01-01
We discuss the gauge theory mechanisms which are responsible for the causal structure of the dual supergravity. For D-brane probes we show that the light cone structure and Killing horizons of supergravity emerge dynamically. They are associated with the appearance of new light degrees of freedom in the gauge theory, which we explicitly identify. This provides a picture of physics at the horizon of a black hole as seen by a D-brane probe.
Duality, Entropy and ADM Mass in Supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cerchiai, Bianca L.; Ferrara, Sergio; Marrani, Alessio; Zumino, Bruno
2009-02-23
We consider the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy-area formula in four dimensional extended ungauged supergravity and its electric-magnetic duality property. Symmetries of both"large" and"small" extremal black holes are considered, as well as the ADM mass formula for N=4 and N=8 supergravity, preserving different fraction of supersymmetry. The interplay between BPS conditions and duality properties is an important aspect of this investigation.
Covariant action for type IIB supergravity
Sen, Ashoke
2016-07-01
Taking clues from the recent construction of the covariant action for type II and heterotic string field theories, we construct a manifestly Lorentz covariant action for type IIB supergravity, and discuss its gauge fixing maintaining manifest Lorentz invariance. The action contains a (non-gravitating) free 4-form field besides the usual fields of type IIB supergravity. This free field, being completely decoupled from the interacting sector, has no physical consequence.
The 3-form multiplet in supergravity
Binétruy, Pierre; Girardi, G; Grimm, R
1996-01-01
We derive the couplings of the 3-form supermultiplet to the general supergravity-matter-Yang-Mills system. Based on the methods of superspace geometry, we identify component fields, establish their supergravity transformations and construct invariant component field actions. Two specific applications are adressed: the appearance of fundamental 3-forms in the context of strong-weak duality and the use of the 3-form supermultiplets to describe effective degrees of freedom relevant to the mechanism of gaugino condensation.
Anomaly Structure of Supergravity and Anomaly Cancellation
Butter, Daniel
2009-01-01
We display the full anomaly structure of supergravity, including new D-term contributions to the conformal anomaly. This expression has the super-Weyl and chiral U(1)_K transformation properties that are required for implementation of the Green-Schwarz mechanism for anomaly cancellation. We outline the procedure for full anomaly cancellation. Our results have implications for effective supergravity theories from the weakly coupled heterotic string theory.
Models of misbelief: Integrating motivational and deficit theories of delusions.
McKay, Ryan; Langdon, Robyn; Coltheart, Max
2007-12-01
The impact of our desires and preferences upon our ordinary, everyday beliefs is well-documented [Gilovich, T. (1991). How we know what isn't so: The fallibility of human reason in everyday life. New York: The Free Press.]. The influence of such motivational factors on delusions, which are instances of pathological misbelief, has tended however to be neglected by certain prevailing models of delusion formation and maintenance. This paper explores a distinction between two general classes of theoretical explanation for delusions; the motivational and the deficit. Motivational approaches view delusions as extreme instances of self-deception; as defensive attempts to relieve pain and distress. Deficit approaches, in contrast, view delusions as the consequence of defects in the normal functioning of belief mechanisms, underpinned by neuroanatomical or neurophysiological abnormalities. It is argued that although there are good reasons to be sceptical of motivational theories (particularly in their more floridly psychodynamic manifestations), recent experiments confirm that motives are important causal forces where delusions are concerned. It is therefore concluded that the most comprehensive account of delusions will involve a theoretical unification of both motivational and deficit approaches.
Linguistically motivated statistical machine translation models and algorithms
Xiong, Deyi
2015-01-01
This book provides a wide variety of algorithms and models to integrate linguistic knowledge into Statistical Machine Translation (SMT). It helps advance conventional SMT to linguistically motivated SMT by enhancing the following three essential components: translation, reordering and bracketing models. It also serves the purpose of promoting the in-depth study of the impacts of linguistic knowledge on machine translation. Finally it provides a systematic introduction of Bracketing Transduction Grammar (BTG) based SMT, one of the state-of-the-art SMT formalisms, as well as a case study of linguistically motivated SMT on a BTG-based platform.
N=2 Supergravity Counterterms, Off and On Shell
Chemissany, W; Kallosh, R; Shahbazi, C S
2012-01-01
We study N=2 supergravity deformed by a genuine supersymmetric completion of the $\\lambda R^4$ term, using the underlying off shell N=2 superconformal framework. The gauge-fixed superconformal model has unbroken local supersymmetry of N=2 supergravity with higher derivative deformation. Elimination of auxiliary fields leads to the deformation of the supersymmetry rules as well as to the deformation of the action, which becomes a Born-Infeld with higher derivative type action. We find that the gravitino supersymmetry deformation starts from $\\lambda \\, \\pa^4 {\\cal F}^3$ and has higher graviphoton couplings. In the action there are terms $\\lambda^2 \\pa^8 {\\cal F}^{6}$ and higher, in addition to original on shell counterterm deformation. These deformations are absent in the on shell superspace and in the candidate on shell counterterms of N=4,~8 supergravities, truncated down to N=2. We conclude therefore that the undeformed on shell superspace candidate counterterms break the N=2 part of local supersymmetry.
Fayet-Iliopoulos Terms in Supergravity and Cosmology
Binétruy, Pierre; Kallosh, Renata E; Van Proeyen, A; Binétruy, Pierre; Dvali, Gia; Kallosh, Renata; Proeyen, Antoine Van
2004-01-01
We clarify the structure of N=1 supergravity in 1+3 dimensions with constant FI terms. The FI terms induce non-vanishing R-charges for the fermions and the superpotential. Therefore the D-term inflation model in supergravity with constant FI terms has to be revisited. We also investigate the case of the so-called anomalous U(1) when a chiral superfield is shifted under U(1). In such a case, in the context of string theory, the FI terms originate from the derivative of the Kaehler potential and they are inevitably field-dependent. This raises an issue of stabilization of the relevant field in applications to cosmology. The recently suggested equivalence between the D-term strings and D-branes of type II theory shows that brane-anti-brane systems produce FI terms in the effective 4d theory, with the Ramond-Ramond axion shifting under the U(1) symmetry. This connection gives the possibility to interpret many unknown properties of D-\\bar{D} systems in the more familiar language of 4d supergravity D-terms, and vic...
Toldo, C.
2014-01-01
This thesis is devoted to the analysis of asymptotically Anti-de Sitter (AdS) black holes arising as solutions of theories of gauged Supergravity in four spacetime dimensions. After a brief recap of the main features of gauged supergravity, the first part of the thesis deals with the explicit constr
Cosmology on Compact and Stable Supergravity Background
Hailu, Girma
2012-01-01
We propose a cosmological model of D3-brane universe on compact and stable supergravity background of wrapped D7-branes in type IIB string theory previously argued to be dual to pure N=1 SU(N) gauge theory in four dimensions. A model universe of order Planck size near the UV boundary dynamically flows toward the IR with constant total energy density and accelerating expansion followed by smooth transition to decelerating expansion and collides with the wrapped D7-branes at the IR boundary. The model addresses the horizon and flatness problems with most of the expansion produced during the decelerating expansion phase. The inflationary scenario is used to generate sources of inhomogeneities in the cosmic microwave background radiation and seeds for large scale structure formation from quantum fluctuations which exit the Hubble radius early during the accelerating expansion phase and the model addresses the inhomogeneity problem with red tilt in the power spectrum. We propose that the kinetic energy of the mode...
Resurrecting Quadratic Inflation in No-Scale Supergravity in Light of BICEP2
Ellis, John; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V; Olive, Keith A
2014-01-01
The magnitude of primordial tensor perturbations reported by the BICEP2 experiment is consistent with simple models of chaotic inflation driven by a single scalar field with a power-law potential \\propto \\phi^n: n \\simeq 2, in contrast to the WMAP and Planck results, which favored models resembling the Starobinsky R + R^2 model if running of the scalar spectral index could be neglected. While models of inflation with a quadratic potential may be constructed in simple N=1 supergravity, these constructions are more challenging in no-scale supergravity. We discuss here how quadratic inflation can be accommodated within supergravity, focussing primarily on the no-scale case. We also argue that the quadratic inflaton may be identified with the supersymmetric partner of a singlet (right-handed) neutrino, whose subsequent decay could have generated the baryon asymmetry via leptogenesis.
Background field formalism for chiral matter and gauge fields conformally coupled to supergravity
Butter, Daniel
2009-01-01
We expand the generic model involving chiral matter, super Yang-Mills gauge fields, and supergravity to second order in the gravity and gauge prepotentials in a manifestly covariant and conformal way. Such a class of models includes conventional chiral matter coupled to supergravity via a conformal compensator. This is a first step toward calculating one-loop effects in supergravity in a way that does not require a perturbative expansion in the inverse Planck scale or a recourse to component level calculations to handle the coupling of the K\\"ahler potential to the gravity sector. We also consider a more restrictive model involving a linear superfield in the role of the conformal compensator and investigate the similarities it has to the dual chiral model.
Resurrecting quadratic inflation in no-scale supergravity in light of BICEP2
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, John [Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, King' s College London, London, WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom); García, Marcos A.G.; Olive, Keith A. [William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN, 55455 (United States); Nanopoulos, Dimitri V., E-mail: john.ellis@cern.ch, E-mail: garciagarcia@physics.umn.edu, E-mail: dimitri@physics.tamu.edu, E-mail: olive@physics.umn.edu [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas, 77843 (United States)
2014-05-01
The magnitude of primordial tensor perturbations reported by the BICEP2 experiment is consistent with simple models of chaotic inflation driven by a single scalar field with a power-law potential ∝ φ{sup n} : n ≅ 2, in contrast to the WMAP and Planck results, which favored models resembling the Starobinsky R+R{sup 2} model if running of the scalar spectral index could be neglected. While models of inflation with a quadratic potential may be constructed in simple N = 1 supergravity, these constructions are more challenging in no-scale supergravity. We discuss here how quadratic inflation can be accommodated within supergravity, focusing primarily on the no-scale case. We also argue that the quadratic inflaton may be identified with the supersymmetric partner of a singlet (right-handed) neutrino, whose subsequent decay could have generated the baryon asymmetry via leptogenesis.
A Metacognitive-Motivational Model of Surface Approach to Studying
Spada, Marcantonio M.; Moneta, Giovanni B.
2012-01-01
In this study, we put forward and tested a model of how surface approach to studying during examination preparation is influenced by the trait variables of motivation and metacognition and the state variables of avoidance coping and evaluation anxiety. A sample of 528 university students completed, one week before examinations, the following…
Applying an Employee-Motivation Model to Prevent Student Plagiarism.
Malouff, John M.; Sims, Randi L.
1996-01-01
A model based on Vroom's expectancy theory of employee motivation posits that instructors can prevent plagiarism by ensuring that students understand the rules of ethical writing, expect assignments to be manageable and have personal benefits, and expect plagiarism to be difficult and have important personal costs. (SK)
Reflections on Wittrock's Generative Model of Learning: A Motivation Perspective
Anderman, Eric M.
2010-01-01
In this article, I examine developments in research on achievement motivation and comment on how those developments are reflected in Wittrock's generative model of learning. Specifically, I focus on the roles of prior knowledge, the generation of knowledge, and beliefs about ability. Examples from Wittrock's theory and from current motivational…
Applying an Employee-Motivation Model to Prevent Student Plagiarism.
Malouff, John M.; Sims, Randi L.
1996-01-01
A model based on Vroom's expectancy theory of employee motivation posits that instructors can prevent plagiarism by ensuring that students understand the rules of ethical writing, expect assignments to be manageable and have personal benefits, and expect plagiarism to be difficult and have important personal costs. (SK)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kathryn Merrick
2015-11-01
Full Text Available Individual behavioral differences in humans have been linked to measurable differences in their mental activities, including differences in their implicit motives. In humans, individual differences in the strength of motives such as power, achievement and affiliation have been shown to have a significant impact on behavior in social dilemma games and during other kinds of strategic interactions. This paper presents agent-based computational models of power-, achievement- and affiliation-motivated individuals engaged in game-play. The first model captures learning by motivated agents during strategic interactions. The second model captures the evolution of a society of motivated agents. It is demonstrated that misperception, when it is a result of motivation, causes agents with different motives to play a given game differently. When motivated agents who misperceive a game are present in a population, higher explicit payoff can result for the population as a whole. The implications of these results are discussed, both for modeling human behavior and for designing artificial agents with certain salient behavioral characteristics.
A detailed discussion of superfield supergravity prepotential perturbations
Ovalle, J.
2011-04-01
This paper presents a detailed discussion of the issue of supergravity perturbations around the flat five dimensional superspace required for manifest superspace formulations of the supergravity side of the AdS_{5}/CFT_{4} Correspondence.
Supergravity with Doubled Spacetime Structure
Ma, Chen-Te
2016-01-01
Double Field Theory (DFT) is a low-energy effective theory of a manifestly $O(D,D)$ invariant formulation of the closed string theory when the toroidally compact dimensions are present. The theory is based on a doubled spacetime structure and, in order to preserve the gauge symmetry provided by the invariance under generalized diffeomorphisms, a constraint has to be imposed on fields and gauge parameters. In this paper, we propose a DFT-inspired Supergravity by using a suitable {\\em star product} with the aim of studying the corresponding algebraic structure. We get a consistent DFT in which also an orthogonality condition of momenta is necessary for having a closed gauge algebra. In constructing this theory, we start from the simplest case of doubling one spatial dimension where the action is uniquely determined, without any ambiguities, by the gauge symmetry. Then, the extension to the generic $O(D, D)$ case is studied and it results to be consistent with the closed string field theory.
The motivational theory of role modeling : How role models influence role aspirants' goals
Morgenroth, Thekla; Ryan, Michelle K.; Peters, Kim
2015-01-01
Role models are often suggested as a way of motivating individuals to set and achieve ambitious goals, especially for members of stigmatized groups in achievement settings. Yet, the literature on role models tends not to draw on the motivational literature to explain how role models may help role
SELF-DUAL SUPERGRAVITY THEORIES IN 2+2 DIMENSIONS
BERGSHOEFF, E; SEZGIN, E
1992-01-01
Starting from the new minimal multiplet of supergravity in 2 + 2 dimensions, we construct two types of self-dual supergravity theories. One of them involves a self-duality condition on the Riemann curvature and implies the equations of motion following from the Hilbert-Einstein type supergravity act
Super-Poincare' algebras, space-times and supergravities (II)
Santi, Andrea
2011-01-01
The presentation of supergravity theories of our previous paper "Super-Poincare' algebras, space-times and supergravities (I)" is re-formulated in the language of Berezin-Leites-Kostant theory of supermanifolds. It is also shown that the equations of Cremmer, Julia and Scherk's theory of 11D-supergravity are equivalent to manifestly covariant equations on a supermanifold.
The Bianchi classification of maximal D=8 gauged supergravities
Bergshoeff, E; Gran, U; Linares, R; Nielsen, M; Ortin, T; Roest, D
2004-01-01
We construct maximal D = 8 gauged supergravities by the reduction of D = 11 supergravity over three-dimensional group manifolds. Such manifolds have been classified by Bianchi. We divide the corresponding gauged supergravities into two classes: class A (with a Lagrangian) and class B (without a Lagr
The Bianchi classification of maximal D = 8 gauged supergravities
Bergshoeff, E.; Gran, U.; Linares, R.; Nielsen, M.; Ortín, T.; Roest, D.
2004-01-01
We construct maximal D = 8 gauged supergravities by the reduction of D = 11 supergravity over three-dimensional group manifolds. Such manifolds have been classified by Bianchi. We divide the corresponding gauged supergravities into two classes: class A (with a Lagrangian) and class B (without a Lagr
Chandler, Donald S., Jr.
2008-01-01
This pilot study examined the relational-behavior model (RBM) as a method of intrinsic motivational instruction in psychology courses. Among a sample of 33 college students enrolled in two undergraduate psychology courses, a Spearman rho analysis revealed a significant relationship between the intrinsic motivational factors (e.g. student/class…
SU(2) Reduction of Six-dimensional (1,0) Supergravity
Lü, H; Sezgin, E
2003-01-01
We obtain a gauged supergravity theory in three dimensions with eight real supersymmetries by means of a Scherk-Schwarz reduction of pure N=(1,0) supergravity in six dimension on the SU(2) group manifold. The SU(2) Yang-Mills fields in the model propagate, since they have an ordinary kinetic term in addition to Chern-Simons couplings. The other propagating degrees of freedom consist of a dilaton, five scalars which parameterise the coset SL(3,R)/SO(3), three vector fields in the adjoint of SU(2), and twelve spin 1/2 fermions. The model admits an AdS_3 vacuum solution. We also show how a charged black hole solution can be obtained, by performing a dimensional reduction of the rotating self-dual string of six-dimensional (1,0) supergravity.
Euclidean supergravity and multi-centered solutions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
W.A. Sabra
2017-04-01
Full Text Available In ungauged supergravity theories, the no-force condition for BPS states implies the existence of stable static multi-centered solutions. The first solutions to Einstein–Maxwell theory with a positive cosmological constant describing an arbitrary number of charged black holes were found by Kastor and Traschen. Generalisations to five and higher dimensional theories were obtained by London. Multi-centered solutions in gauged supergravity, even with time-dependence allowed, have yet to be constructed. In this letter we construct supersymmetry-preserving multi-centered solutions for the case of D=5, N=2 Euclidean gauged supergravity coupled to an arbitrary number of vector multiplets. Higher dimensional Einstein–Maxwell multi-centered solutions are also presented.
The Background Geometry of DLCQ Supergravity
Hyun, S
1998-01-01
By following Seiberg's prescriptions on DLCQ of M theory, we give the background geometries of DLCQ supergravity associated with $N$ sector of DLCQ of M theory on $T^p$. Most of these are the product of anti-de Sitter spacetimes and spheres, which have been found as the spontaneous compactifications of eleven dimensional supergravity long time ago and also are revisited recently by Maldacena by considering the near horizon geometry of various D-branes in appropriate limit. Those geometries are maximally symmetric and have full 32 supersymmetries of eleven dimensional supergravity, which agrees with the number of supersymmetries of DLCQ M theory. This tells us that in the large $N$ limit of DLCQ M theory, we get M/string theory on these nontrivial background.
Euclidean supergravity and multi-centered solutions
Sabra, W. A.
2017-04-01
In ungauged supergravity theories, the no-force condition for BPS states implies the existence of stable static multi-centered solutions. The first solutions to Einstein-Maxwell theory with a positive cosmological constant describing an arbitrary number of charged black holes were found by Kastor and Traschen. Generalisations to five and higher dimensional theories were obtained by London. Multi-centered solutions in gauged supergravity, even with time-dependence allowed, have yet to be constructed. In this letter we construct supersymmetry-preserving multi-centered solutions for the case of D = 5, N = 2 Euclidean gauged supergravity coupled to an arbitrary number of vector multiplets. Higher dimensional Einstein-Maxwell multi-centered solutions are also presented.
The Anomaly Structure of Regularized Supergravity
Butter, Daniel
2014-01-01
On-shell Pauli-Villars regularization of the one-loop divergences of supergravity theories is used to study the anomaly structure of supergravity and the cancellation of field theory anomalies under a $U(1)$ gauge transformation and under the T-duality group of modular transformations in effective supergravity theories with three K\\"ahler moduli $T^i$ obtained from orbifold compactification of the weakly coupled heterotic string. This procedure requires constraints on the chiral matter representations of the gauge group that are consistent with known results from orbifold compactifications. Pauli-Villars regulator fields allow for the cancellation of all quadratic and logarithmic divergences, as well as most linear divergences. If all linear divergences were canceled, the theory would be anomaly free, with noninvariance of the action arising only from Pauli-Villars masses. However there are linear divergences associated with nonrenormalizable gravitino/gaugino interactions that cannot be canceled by PV fields...
The homogeneity conjecture for supergravity backgrounds
Figueroa-O'Farrill, José Miguel
2009-06-01
These notes record three lectures given at the workshop "Higher symmetries in Physics", held at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in November 2008. In them we explain how to construct a Lie (super)algebra associated to a spin manifold, perhaps with extra geometric data, and a notion of privileged spinors. The typical examples are supersymmetric supergravity backgrounds; although there are more classical instances of this construction. We focus on two results: the geometric constructions of compact real forms of the simple Lie algebras of type B4, F4 and E8 from S7, S8 and S15, respectively; and the construction of the Killing superalgebra of eleven-dimensional supergravity backgrounds. As an application of this latter construction we show that supersymmetric supergravity backgrounds with enough supersymmetry are necessarily locally homogeneous.
A problem of the QCD axion in supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Endo, M. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Takahashi, F. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Inst. for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe; Yanagida, T.T. [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Inst. for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe]|[Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics
2007-12-15
We point out that the QCD axion generally couples to all the gauge fields in nature through the Super-Weyl, Kaehler and sigma-model anomalies in supergravity. If supersymmetry is dynamically broken by the hidden-sector gauge interactions, the axion potential receives corrections due to the instanton in the hidden sector. We show that the supersymmetry breaking models are tightly constrained for the Peccei-Quinn mechanism to successfully solve the strong CP problem. In particular, the gravity mediation turns out to be strongly disfavored. (orig.)
Conservation of Supergravity Currents from Matrix Theory
Van Raamsdonk, M
1999-01-01
In recent work by Kabat and Taylor, certain Matrix theory quantities have been identified with the spatial moments of the supergravity stress-energy tensor, membrane current, and fivebrane current. In this note, we determine the relations between these moments required by current conservation, and prove that these relations hold as exact Matrix Theory identities at finite N. This establishes conservation of the effective supergravity currents (averaged over the compact circle). In addition, the constraints of current conservation allow us to deduce Matrix theory quantities corresponding to moments of the spatial current of the longitudinal fivebrane charge, not previously identified.
Construction of the de Sitter supergravity
Bergshoeff, Eric; Kallosh, Renata; Van Proeyen, Antoine
2016-01-01
Recently, the complete action for an N=1 pure supergravity action in 4 dimensions that allows a positive, negative or zero cosmological constant has been constructed. The action is the generalization of a Volkov-Akulov action for the Goldstino coupled to supergravity. The construction uses a nilpotent multiplet. This paper is written in honour of Philippe Spindel. AVP enjoyed collaborations and many interactions with Philippe, who has always appreciated very precise derivations. We use this occasion to give a very detailed account of the calculations that lead to the published results. We review aspects of supersymmetry with de Sitter backgrounds, the treatment of auxiliary fields, and other ingredients in the construction.
Supersymmetric counterterms from new minimal supergravity
Assel, Benjamin; Martelli, Dario
2014-01-01
We present a systematic classification of counterterms of four-dimensional supersymmetric field theories on curved space, obtained as the rigid limit of new minimal supergravity. These are supergravity invariants constructed using the field theory background fields. We demonstrate that if the background preserves two supercharges of opposite chirality, then all dimensionless counterterms vanish. This implies that a supersymmetric renormalisation scheme is free of ambiguities. When only one Euclidean supercharge is preserved, we describe the ambiguities that appear in supersymmetric observables, in particular in the dependence on marginal couplings.
Jordan C*-Algebras and Supergravity
Rios, Michael
2010-01-01
It is known that black hole charge vectors of N=8 and magic N=2 supergravity in four and five dimensions can be represented as elements of Jordan algebras of degree three over the octonions and split-octonions and their Freudenthal triple systems. We show both such Jordan algebras are contained in the exceptional Jordan C*-algebra and construct its corresponding Freudenthal triple system and single variable extension. The transformation groups for these structures give rise to the complex forms of the U-duality groups for N=8 and magic N=2 supergravities in three, four and five dimensions.
Supersymmetric AdS{sub 6} solutions of type IIB supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Hyojoong, E-mail: h.kim@khu.ac.kr; Kim, Nakwoo, E-mail: nkim@khu.ac.kr [Department of Physics and Research Institute of Basic Science, Kyung Hee University, 130-701, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Minwoo, E-mail: minsuh@usc.edu [Department of Physics, Sogang University, 121-742, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2015-10-11
We study the general requirement for supersymmetric AdS{sub 6} solutions in type IIB supergravity. We employ the Killing spinor technique and study the differential and algebraic relations among various Killing spinor bilinears to find the canonical form of the solutions. Our result agrees precisely with the work of Apruzzi et al. (JHEP 1411:099, 2014), which used the pure spinor technique. Hoping to identify the geometry of the problem, we also computed four-dimensional theory through the dimensional reduction of type IIB supergravity on AdS{sub 6}. This effective action is essentially a non-linear sigma model with five scalar fields parametrizing SL(3,ℝ)/SO(2,1), modified by a scalar potential and coupled to Einstein gravity in Euclidean signature. We argue that the scalar potential can be explained by a subgroup CSO(1,1,1) ⊂SL(3,ℝ) in a way analogous to gauged supergravity.
Supersymmetric AdS{sub 6} solutions of type IIB supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Hyojoong; Kim, Nakwoo [Kyung Hee University, Department of Physics and Research Institute of Basic Science, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Minwoo [Sogang University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2015-10-15
We study the general requirement for supersymmetric AdS{sub 6} solutions in type IIB supergravity. We employ the Killing spinor technique and study the differential and algebraic relations among various Killing spinor bilinears to find the canonical form of the solutions. Our result agrees precisely with the work of Apruzzi et al. (JHEP 1411:099, 2014), which used the pure spinor technique. Hoping to identify the geometry of the problem, we also computed four-dimensional theory through the dimensional reduction of type IIB supergravity on AdS{sub 6}. This effective action is essentially a non-linear sigma model with five scalar fields parametrizing SL(3,R)/ SO(2,1), modified by a scalar potential and coupled to Einstein gravity in Euclidean signature. We argue that the scalar potential can be explained by a subgroup CSO(1,1,1) is contained in SL(3,R) in a way analogous to gauged supergravity. (orig.)
Component reduction in N=2 supergravity: the vector, tensor, and vector-tensor multiplets
Butter, Daniel
2012-01-01
Recent advances in curved N=2 superspace methods have rendered the component reduction of superspace actions more feasible than in the past. In this paper, we consider models involving both vector and tensor multiplets coupled to supergravity and demonstrate explicitly how component actions may be efficiently obtained. In addition, tensor multiplets coupled to conformal supergravity are considered directly within projective superspace, where their formulation is most natural. We then demonstrate how the inverse procedure -- the lifting of component results to superspace -- can simplify the analysis of complicated multiplets. We address the off-shell N=2 vector-tensor multiplet coupled to conformal supergravity with a central charge and demonstrate explicitly how its constraints and Lagrangian can be written in a simpler way using superfields.
Higher derivative D-term inflation in new-minimal supergravity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Iannis Dalianis
2014-09-01
Full Text Available We revisit the D-term inflation and amend it with ghost-free higher derivative couplings of chiral superfields to super-curvature. These couplings realize a more generic inflationary phase in supergravity. After pointing out that a consistent embedding of these specific higher derivatives is known to exist only in the new-minimal supergravity, we show how a potential for the scalar component may arise due to a Fayet–Iliopoulos D-term. We then turn to inflationary cosmology and explicitly discuss different types of potentials, which capture properties of the common scenarios. These models thanks to the derivative coupling: i naturally evade the supergravity η-problem, ii drive inflation for a wider range of parameter values, and iii predict lower values for the tensor-to-scalar ratio.
Mustafa TAHİROĞLU
2015-01-01
The purpose of this study is to detect the impact of a teaching-learning process, structured taking the components of ARCS Motivation Model into consideration, on the motivation and success level of primary grade 4 students in social studies. In scope of the study, grouped pretest-posttest testing model is used. The experimental group consists of 32, and the control group 30 students. In order to collect research data, the “Grade 4 and 5 Social Studies Motivation Scale” and “Social Studies Ac...
Motivation and timing: clues for modeling the reward system.
Galtress, Tiffany; Marshall, Andrew T; Kirkpatrick, Kimberly
2012-05-01
There is growing evidence that a change in reward magnitude or value alters interval timing, indicating that motivation and timing are not independent processes as was previously believed. The present paper reviews several recent studies, as well as presenting some new evidence with further manipulations of reward value during training vs. testing on a peak procedure. The combined results cannot be accounted for by any of the current psychological timing theories. However, in examining the neural circuitry of the reward system, it is not surprising that motivation has an impact on timing because the motivation/valuation system directly interfaces with the timing system. A new approach is proposed for the development of the next generation of timing models, which utilizes knowledge of the neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of the reward system to guide the development of a neurocomputational model of the reward system. The initial foundation along with heuristics for proceeding with developing such a model is unveiled in an attempt to stimulate new theoretical approaches in the field.
Kuntsche, Emmanuel; Stewart, Sherry H
2009-05-01
A structural equation model was estimated based on a Swiss national sample of 5649 12- to 18-year-olds to test whether individual drinking motives mediate the link between classmates' motives and individual alcohol use. Results showed that the social, enhancement, coping and conformity motives of individual students are associated with the corresponding motive dimension of other students in the class. No direct effect of the four classmates' motives on individual drinking, but an indirect effect via individual motives was observed. It appears that drinking motives within the adolescent social environment exert their influence on drinking by way of shaping individual motives.
Inflation in R2 supergravity with non-minimal superpotentials
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G.A. Diamandis
2015-05-01
Full Text Available We investigate the cosmological inflation in a class of supergravity models that are generalizations of non-supersymmetric R2 models. Although such models have been extensively studied recently, especially after the launch of the PLANCK and BICEP2 data, the class of models that can be constructed has not been exhausted. In this note, working in a supergravity model that is a generalization of Cecotti's model, we show that the appearance of new superpotential terms, which are quadratic in the superfield Λ that couples to the Ricci supermultiplet, alters substantially the form of the scalar potential. The arising potential has the form of the Starobinsky potential times a factor that is exponential in the inflaton field and dominates for large inflaton values. We show that the well-known Starobinsky inflation scenario is maintained only for unnaturally small fine-tuned values of the coupling describing the Λ2 superpotential terms. A welcome feature is the possible increase of the tensor to scalar ratio r, within the limits set by the new Planck and BICEP2 data.
The violation of the No-Hair Conjecture in four-dimensional ungauged Supergravity
Bueno, Pablo
2013-01-01
By choosing a particular, String Theory inspired, Special K\\"ahler manifold, we are able to find a N=2 four-dimensional ungauged Supergravity model that contains supersymmetric black hole solutions that violate the folk uniqueness theorems that are expected to hold in ungauged Supergravity. The black hole solutions are regular in the sense that they have a positive mass and a unique physical singularity hidden by an event horizon. In contradistinction to the examples already known in the literature, we find our solutions in a theory without scalar potential, gaugings or higher order curvature terms.
Projective multiplets and hyperkähler cones in conformal supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Butter, Daniel [Nikhef Theory Group, Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands)
2015-06-24
Projective superspace provides a natural framework for the construction of actions coupling hypermultiplets to conformal supergravity. We review how the off-shell actions are formulated in superspace and then discuss how to eliminate the infinite number of auxiliary fields to produce an on-shell N=2 supersymmetric sigma model, with the target space corresponding to a generic 4n-dimensional hyperkähler cone. We show how the component action coupling the hypermultiplets to conformal supergravity may be constructed starting from curved superspace. The superspace origin of the geometric data — the hyperkähler potential, complex structures, and any gauged isometries — is also addressed.
The Impact of Personality on Training-Related Aspects of Motivation: Test of a Longitudinal Model
Rowold, Jens
2007-01-01
A model that proposed dispositional influences on training-related aspects of motivation was developed. More specifically, the model predicted influences of the Big Five personality variables on motivation to learn and transfer motivation, while controlling for general attitudes toward training. The model was tested empirically, drawing on a…
Alonso-Alberca, N; Ortín, Tomas
2001-01-01
The so-called ``massive 11-dimensional supergravity'' theory gives, for one Killing vector, Romans' massive 10-dimensional supergravity in 10 dimensions, for two Killing vectors an Sl(2,Z) multiplet of massive 9-dimensional supergravity theories that can be obtained by standard generalized dimensional reduction type IIB supergravity and has been shown to contain a gauged supergravity. We consider a straightforward generalization of this theory to three Killing vectors and a 3\\times 3 symmetric mass matrix and show that it gives an Sl(3,Z) multiplet of 8-dimensional supergravity theories that contain an SO(3) gauged supergravity which is, in some way, the dual to the one found by Salam and Sezgin by standard generalized dimensional reduction.
Phenomenological aspects of supergravity theories in de Sitter vacua
Knoops, Rob
2016-01-01
We introduce an $N=1$ supergravity model based on the gauged shift symmetry of a single chiral multiplet, which can be identified with the string dilaton or a compactification modulus. The model allows for a tunably small and positive value of the cosmological constant. The gravitino mass parameter and the dilaton Vacuum Expectation Value are separately tunable. In a second part we analyze the quantum consistency of these models. Recent work on anomalies in supergravity theories with Fayet-Iliopoulos terms was extended, such that their results can be interpreted from a field-theoretic point of view. We show that for certain values of the parameters the anomaly cancellation conditions are inconsistent with a TeV gravitino mass. In the third part the above model is used as a hidden sector for supersymmetry breaking. In its minimal version, the model leads to tachyonic scalar soft masses. This problem can however be circumvented by the introduction of an extra Pol\\'onyi-like hidden sector field, or by allowing f...
Bosonic physical states in N = 1 supergravity?
Carroll, S M; Ortiz, M E; Page, D N; Carroll, S M; Freedman, D Z; Ortiz, M E; Page, D N
1994-01-01
It is argued that states in N=1 supergravity that solve all of the constraint equations cannot be bosonic in the sense of being independent of the fermionic degrees of freedom. (Based on a talk given by Miguel Ortiz at the 7th Marcel Grossmann Meeting.)
Lifshitz solutions in supergravity and string theory
Gregory, Ruth; Tasinato, Gianmassimo; Zavala, Ivonne
2010-01-01
We derive Lifshitz configurations in string theory for general dynamical exponents z \\geq 1. We begin by obtaining simple Li x Omega solutions to supergravities in diverse dimensions, with Omega a compact constant curvature manifold. Then we uplift the solutions to ten dimensions, providing configurations that correspond to warped compactifications in Type II string theory.
Twin Supergravities from Yang-Mills Squared
Anastasiou, A; Duff, M J; Hughes, M J; Marrani, A; Nagy, S; Zoccali, M
2016-01-01
We consider `twin supergravities' - pairs of supergravities with $\\mathcal{N}_+$ and $\\mathcal{N}_-$ supersymmetries, $\\mathcal{N}_+>\\mathcal{N}_-$, with identical bosonic sectors - in the context of tensoring super Yang-Mills multiplets. It is demonstrated that the pairs of twin supergravity theories are related through their left and right super Yang-Mills factors. This procedure generates new theories from old. In particular, the matter coupled $\\mathcal{N}_-$ twins in $D=3,5,6$ and the $\\mathcal{N}_-=1$ twins in $D=4$ have not, as far as we are aware, been obtained previously using the double-copy construction, adding to the growing list of double-copy constructible theories. The use of fundamental matter multiplets in the double-copy construction leads us to introduce a bi-fundamental scalar that couples to the well-known bi-adjoint scalar field. It is also shown that certain matter coupled supergravities admit more than one factorisation into left and right super Yang-Mills-matter theories.
Black Hole Attractors in Extended Supergravity
Ferrara, Sergio
2007-01-01
We review some aspects of the attractor mechanism for extremal black holes of (not necessarily supersymmetric) theories coupling Einstein gravity to scalars and Maxwell vector fields. Thence, we consider N=2 and N=8, d=4 supergravities, reporting some recent advances on the moduli spaces associated to BPS and non-BPS attractor solutions supported by charge orbits with non-compact stabilizers.
Extremal black holes in N=2 supergravity
Katmadas, S.
2011-01-01
An explanation for the entropy of black holes has been an outstanding problem in recent decades. A special case where this is possible is that of extremal black holes in N=2 supergravity in four and five dimensions. The best developed case is for black holes preserving some supersymmetry (BPS), whic
The gaugings of maximal D=6 supergravity
Bergshoeff, E.; Samtleben, H.; Sezgin, E.
2008-01-01
We construct the most general gaugings of the maximal D = 6 supergravity. The theory is ( 2, 2) supersymmetric, and possesses an on-shell SO( 5, 5) duality symmetry which plays a key role in determining its couplings. The field content includes 16 vector fields that carry a chiral spinor representat
A bound on the entropy of supergravity?
de Boer, Jan; Messamah, Ilies; Bleeken, Dieter Van den
2009-01-01
We determine, in two independent ways, the number of BPS quantum states arising from supergravity degrees of freedom in a system with fixed total D4D0 charge. First, we count states generated by quantizing the spacetime degrees of freedom of 'entropyless' multicentered solutions consisting of anti-D0-branes bound to a D6-anti-D6 pair. Second, we determine the number of free supergravity excitations of the corresponding AdS_3 geometry with the same total charge. We find that, although these two approaches yield a priori different sets of states, the leading degeneracies in a large charge expansion are equal to each other and that, furthermore, the number of such states is parametrically smaller than that arising from the D4D0 black hole's entropy. This strongly suggests that supergravity alone is not sufficient to capture all degrees of freedom of large supersymmetric black holes. Comparing the free supergravity calculation to that of the D6-anti-D6-D0 system we find that the bound on the free spectrum imposed...
Gauged supergravities in various spacetime dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Weidner, M.
2006-12-15
In this thesis we study the gaugings of extended supergravity theories in various space-time dimensions. These theories describe the low-energy limit of non-trivial string compactifications. For each theory under consideration we work out all possible gaugings that are compatible with supersymmetry. They are parameterized by the so-called embedding tensor which is a group theoretical object that has to satisfy certain representation constraints. This embedding tensor determines all couplings in the gauged theory that are necessary to preserve gauge invariance and supersymmetry. The concept of the embedding tensor and the general structure of the gauged supergravities are explained in detail. The methods are then applied to the half-maximal (N=4) supergravities in d=4 and d=5 and to the maximal supergravities in d=2 and d=7. Examples of particular gaugings are given. Whenever possible, the higher-dimensional origin of these theories is identified and it is shown how the compactification parameters like fluxes and torsion are contained in the embedding tensor. (orig.)
From Wave Geometry to Fake Supergravity
Townsend, Paul K
2007-01-01
The `Wave Geometry' equation of the pre-WWII Hiroshima program is also the key equation of the current `fake supergravity' program. I review the status of (fake) supersymmetric domain walls and (fake) pseudo-supersymmetric cosmologies. An extension of the domain-wall/cosmology correspondence to a triple correspondence with instantons shows that `pseudo-supersymmetry' has another interpretation as Euclidean supersymmetry.
Extremal black holes in N=2 supergravity
Katmadas, S.
2011-01-01
An explanation for the entropy of black holes has been an outstanding problem in recent decades. A special case where this is possible is that of extremal black holes in N=2 supergravity in four and five dimensions. The best developed case is for black holes preserving some supersymmetry (BPS), whic
Matter coupling in N = 4 supergravity
Roo, M. de
1985-01-01
An arbitrary number of abelian vector multiplets is coupled to N = 4 supergravity. The resulting action is invariant under global SO(n,6), where n is the number of vector multiplets, and under local SU(4) Ã— U(1) transformations. The scalar fields of the theory parametrize the manifold [SO(n,6)/SO(n
Differences in Students' School Motivation: A Latent Class Modelling Approach
Korpershoek, Hanke; Kuyper, Hans; van der Werf, Greetje
2015-01-01
In this study, we investigated the school motivation of 7,257 9th grade students in 80 secondary schools across the Netherlands. Using a multiple goal perspective, four motivation dimensions were included: performance, mastery, extrinsic, and social motivation. Our first aim was to identify distinct motivation profiles within our sample, using the…
How Motivation Affects Academic Performance: A Structural Equation Modelling Analysis
Kusurkar, R. A.; Ten Cate, Th. J.; Vos, C. M. P.; Westers, P.; Croiset, G.
2013-01-01
Few studies in medical education have studied effect of quality of motivation on performance. Self-Determination Theory based on quality of motivation differentiates between Autonomous Motivation (AM) that originates within an individual and Controlled Motivation (CM) that originates from external sources. To determine whether Relative Autonomous…
Differences in Students' School Motivation: A Latent Class Modelling Approach
Korpershoek, Hanke; Kuyper, Hans; van der Werf, Greetje
2015-01-01
In this study, we investigated the school motivation of 7,257 9th grade students in 80 secondary schools across the Netherlands. Using a multiple goal perspective, four motivation dimensions were included: performance, mastery, extrinsic, and social motivation. Our first aim was to identify distinct motivation profiles within our sample, using the…
How thermal inflation can save minimal hybrid inflation in supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dimopoulos, Konstantinos; Owen, Charlotte [Consortium for Fundamental Physics, Physics Department,Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YB (United Kingdom)
2016-10-12
Minimal hybrid inflation in supergravity has been ruled out by the 2015 Planck observations because the spectral index of the produced curvature perturbation falls outside observational bounds. To resurrect the model, a number of modifications have been put forward but many of them spoil the accidental cancellation that resolves the η-problem and require complicated Kähler constructions to counterbalance the lost cancellation. In contrast, in this paper the model is rendered viable by supplementing the scenario with a brief period of thermal inflation, which follows the reheating of primordial inflation. The scalar field responsible for thermal inflation requires a large non-zero vacuum expectation value (VEV) and a flat potential. We investigate the VEV of such a flaton field and its subsequent effect on the inflationary observables. We find that, for large VEV, minimal hybrid inflation in supergravity produces a spectral index within the 1-σ Planck bound and a tensor-to-scalar ratio which may be observable in the near future. The mechanism is applicable to other inflationary models.
Motivation of Young Students: A Cross-Cultural Evaluation of a Model for Motivational Orientations
van der Aalsvoort, Geerdina Maria; Lepola, Janne; Overtoom, Lisette; Laitinen, Satu
2015-01-01
It is a challenge for an early education teacher to enhance the development of self-regulation of young children to become and stay motivated for tasks that elicit school-related skills that do not immediately make sense for them. Being aware of motivational orientations in young students is therefore a must. In the study, a cross-cultural…
de Sitter vacua in N=8 supergravity and slow-roll conditions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dall' Agata, G., E-mail: dallagat@pd.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica ' Galileo Galilei' , Universita di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Inverso, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma ' Tor Vergata' , Via della Ricerca Scientifica, 00133 Roma (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Roma 2, ' Tor Vergata' , Via della Ricerca Scientifica, 00133 Roma (Italy)
2013-01-08
In this Letter we discuss de Sitter vacua in maximal gauged supergravity in 4 dimensions. We show that, using the newly deformed theories introduced in Dall'Agata et al. (2012) [1], we can obtain de Sitter vacua with arbitrarily flat tachyonic directions in the SO(4,4){sub c} models.
Exploring persistence in science in CEGEP: Toward a motivational model
Simon, Rebecca A.
There is currently a shortage of science teachers in North America and continually decreasing rates of enrollment in science programs. Science continues to be the academic domain that sees the highest attrition rates, particularly for women. The purpose of the present study was to examine male and female students' experiences in mathematics and science courses during a crucial time in their academic development in an attempt to explain the high attrition rates in science between the last year of high school and the first year of CEGEP (junior college). In line with self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985), as well as achievement-goal theory (Pintrich & Schunk, 1996) and research on academic emotions, the study examined the relation between a set of motivational variables (i.e., perceptions of autonomy-support, self-efficacy, achievement goals, and intrinsic motivation), affect, achievement, and persistence. A secondary objective was to test a motivational model of student persistence in science using structural equation modeling (SEM). The sample consisted of 603 male and 706 female students from four English-language CEGEPs in the greater Montreal area. Just prior to beginning CEGEP, participants completed a questionnaire that asked about the learning environment in high school mathematics and science classes as well as student characteristics including sources of motivation, personal achievement goals, and feelings of competence. All students expressed an initial interest in pursuing a career in science by enrolling in optional advanced mathematics and science courses during high school. Multivariate analysis of variance was used to examine differences among male and female students across the variables measured. Structural equation modeling was used to test the validity of a questionnaire designed specifically to gather information about CEGEP students' experiences with mathematics and science, and to evaluate the fit of a model designed to reflect the
Structurally Motivated Models of the Arterial Wall Tissue
Taghizadeh, Hadi; Shadpour, Mohammad Tafazzoli
2013-05-01
Mechanical characteristics of soft biological tissues mostly depend on their hierarchy at different scales from nano- to macro-structure. It is shown that arterial wall tissue is highly sensitive to its mechanical environment and any alteration in mechanical factors such as blood pressure, triggers physio- pathological processes within arterial wall. Quantification of these mechanical properties will provide us with deeper insights of ongoing biological events. In this context, mechanical contributions of wall constituents in health and diseases are of growing interest. Hence, this review is concerned with mechanical models of arterial wall tissue with a focus on microstructurally motivated representations.
Phenomenology of R-parity violating minimal supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bernhardt, M.A.
2008-02-15
We investigate in detail the low-energy spectrum of the P{sub 6} violating minimal supergravity model using the SOFTSUSY spectrum code. We impose the experimental constraints from the measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (g-2){sub {mu}}, the b{yields}s{gamma} decay, the branching ration of B{sub s}{yields}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}, as well as the mass bound from direct searches at colliders, in particular the Higgs boson and the lightest Chargino. We focus on regions, where the lightest neutralino is not the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP). In these regions of parameter space either the lightest scalar tau or one of the sneutrinos is the LSP. We suggest four benchmark points with typical spectra and novel collider signatures which we investigate with a parton level Monte-Carlo simulation. We give an outlook for their detailed phenomenological analysis and simulation by the LHC collaborations, then including detector effects. In addition, we discuss a full Monte-Carlo simulation for single slepton production in association with a single top quark via an LQD type operator at the hadron colliders LHC and Tevatron. We present these results and show a predicted range of detectability for this process- for small couplings in various minimal supergravity models at the LHC. (orig.)
One loop divergences and anomalies from chiral superfields in supergravity
Butter, Daniel
2009-01-01
We apply the heat kernel method (using Avramidi's non-recursive technique) to the study of the effective action of chiral matter in a complex representation of an arbitrary gauge sector coupled to background U(1) supergravity. This generalizes previous methods, which restricted to 1) real representations of the gauge sector in traditional Poincar\\'e supergravity or 2) vanishing supergravity background. In this new scheme, we identify a classical ambiguity in these theories which mixes the supergravity U(1) with the gauge U(1). At the quantum level, this ambiguity is maintained since the effective action changes only by a local counterterm as one shifts a U(1) factor between the supergravity and gauge sectors. An immediate application of our formalism is the calculation of the one-loop gauge, Kahler, and reparametrization anomalies of chiral matter coupled to minimal supergravity from purely chiral loops. Our approach gives an anomaly whose covariant part is both manifestly supersymmetric and non-perturbative ...
3D gauged supergravity from SU(2) reduction of $N=1$ 6D supergravity
Gava, Edi; Narain, K S
2010-01-01
We obtain Yang-Mills $SU(2)\\times G$ gauged supergravity in three dimensions from $SU(2)$ group manifold reduction of (1,0) six dimensional supergravity coupled to an anti-symmetric tensor multiplet and gauge vector multiplets in the adjoint of $G$. The reduced theory is consistently truncated to $N=4$ 3D supergravity coupled to $4(1+\\textrm{dim}\\, G)$ bosonic and $4(1+\\textrm{dim}\\, G)$ fermionic propagating degrees of freedom. This is in contrast to the reduction in which there are also massive vector fields. The scalar manifold is $\\mathbf{R}\\times \\frac{SO(3,\\, \\textrm{dim}\\, G)}{SO(3)\\times SO(\\textrm{dim}\\, G)}$, and there is a $SU(2)\\times G$ gauge group. We then construct $N=4$ Chern-Simons $(SO(3)\\ltimes \\mathbf{R}^3)\\times (G\\ltimes \\mathbf{R}^{\\textrm{dim}G})$ three dimensional gauged supergravity with scalar manifold $\\frac{SO(4,\\,1+\\textrm{dim}G)}{SO(4)\\times SO(1+\\textrm{dim}G)}$ and explicitly show that this theory is on-shell equivalent to the Yang-Mills $SO(3)\\times G$ gauged supergravity the...
The coupling of non-linear supersymmetry to supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Antoniadis, Ignatios [Sorbonne Universites, UPMC Paris 6, LPTHE, UMR CNRS 7589, Paris (France); University of Bern, Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Bern (Switzerland); Markou, Chrysoula [Sorbonne Universites, UPMC Paris 6, LPTHE, UMR CNRS 7589, Paris (France)
2015-12-15
We study the coupling of non-linear supersymmetry to supergravity. The goldstino nilpotent superfield of global supersymmetry coupled to supergravity is described by a geometric action of the chiral curvature superfield R subject to the constraint (R - λ){sup 2} = 0 with an appropriate constant λ. This constraint can be found as the decoupling limit of the scalar partner of the goldstino in a class of f(R) supergravity theories. (orig.)
The coupling of non-linear supersymmetry to supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Antoniadis, Ignatios, E-mail: antoniad@lpthe.jussieu.fr [LPTHE, UMR CNRS 7589, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Paris 6, 75005, Paris (France); Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Bern, Sidlestrasse 5, 3012, Bern (Switzerland); Markou, Chrysoula, E-mail: chrysoula@lpthe.jussieu.fr [LPTHE, UMR CNRS 7589, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Paris 6, 75005, Paris (France)
2015-12-09
We study the coupling of non-linear supersymmetry to supergravity. The goldstino nilpotent superfield of global supersymmetry coupled to supergravity is described by a geometric action of the chiral curvature superfield R subject to the constraint (R-λ){sup 2}=0 with an appropriate constant λ. This constraint can be found as the decoupling limit of the scalar partner of the goldstino in a class of f(R) supergravity theories.
BPS preons in M-theory and supergravity
Bandos, I A
2007-01-01
After introducing the notion of BPS preons as the basic constituents of M-theory, we discuss the recent negative results in the search for solutions of the D=10 and D=11 supergravity equations preserving 31/32 supersymmetries i.e., of preonic solutions. The absence of these supergravity preonic solutions may point out to a pure quantum nature of BPS preons, manifesting itself in the need of incorporating quantum (stringy/M-theoretic) corrections to the supergravity equations.
Rotating black holes in an expanding universe from fake supergravity
Chimento, Samuele
2014-01-01
Using the recipe of arXiv:0902.4814, where all fake supersymmetric backgrounds of matter-coupled fake N=2, d=4 gauged supergravity were classified, we construct dynamical rotating black holes in an expanding FLRW universe. This is done for two different prepotentials that are both truncations of the stu model and correspond to just one vector multiplet. In this scenario, the cosmic expansion is driven by two U(1) gauge fields and by a complex scalar that rolls down its potential. Generically, the solutions of arXiv:0902.4814 are fibrations over a Gauduchon-Tod base space, and we make three different choices for this base, namely flat space, the three-sphere and the Berger sphere. In the first two cases, the black holes are determined by harmonic functions on the base, while in the last case they obey a deformed Laplace equation that contains the squashing parameter of the Berger sphere. This is the generalization to a cosmological context of the usual recipe in ungauged supergravity, where black holes are giv...
Generalized Attractor Points in Gauged Supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kachru, Shamit; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC; Kallosh, Renata; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Shmakova, Marina; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.
2011-08-15
The attractor mechanism governs the near-horizon geometry of extremal black holes in ungauged 4D N=2 supergravity theories and in Calabi-Yau compactifications of string theory. In this paper, we study a natural generalization of this mechanism to solutions of arbitrary 4D N=2 gauged supergravities. We define generalized attractor points as solutions of an ansatz which reduces the Einstein, gauge field, and scalar equations of motion to algebraic equations. The simplest generalized attractor geometries are characterized by non-vanishing constant anholonomy coefficients in an orthonormal frame. Basic examples include Lifshitz and Schroedinger solutions, as well as AdS and dS vacua. There is a generalized attractor potential whose critical points are the attractor points, and its extremization explains the algebraic nature of the equations governing both supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric attractors.
New Canonical Variables for d=11 Supergravity
Melosch, S; Melosch, Stephan; Nicolai, Hermann
1998-01-01
A set of new canonical variables for $d=11$ supergravity is proposed which renders the supersymmetry variations and the supersymmetry constraint polynomial. The construction is based on the $SO(1,2)\\times SO(16)$ invariant reformulation of $d=11$ supergravity given in previous work, and has some similarities with Ashtekar's reformulation of Einstein's theory. The new bosonic variables fuse the gravitational degrees of freedom with those of the three-index photon $A_{MNP}$ in accordance with the hidden symmetries of the dimensionally reduced theory. Although $E_8$ is not a symmetry of the theory, the bosonic sector exhibits a remarkable $E_8$ structure, hinting at the existence of a novel type of ``exceptional geometry''.
On the magical supergravities in six dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Guenaydin, M., E-mail: murat@phys.psu.ed [Center for Fundamental Theory, Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Samtleben, H., E-mail: henning.samtleben@ens-lyon.f [Universite de Lyon, Laboratoire de Physique, UMR 5672, CNRS, Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, F-69364 Lyon cedex 07 (France); Institut Universitaire de France (France); Sezgin, E., E-mail: sezgin@tamu.ed [George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843-4242 (United States)
2011-07-01
Magical supergravities are a very special class of supergravity theories whose symmetries and matter content in various dimensions correspond to symmetries and underlying algebraic structures of the remarkable geometries of the Magic Square of Freudenthal, Rozenfeld and Tits. These symmetry groups include the exceptional groups and some of their special subgroups. In this paper, we study the general gaugings of these theories in six dimensions which lead to new couplings between vector and tensor fields. We show that in the absence of hypermultiplet couplings the gauge group is uniquely determined by a maximal set of commuting translations within the isometry group SO(n{sub T},1) of the tensor multiplet sector. Moreover, we find that in general the gauge algebra allows for central charges that may have nontrivial action on the hypermultiplet scalars. We determine the new minimal couplings, Yukawa couplings and the scalar potential.
On the magical supergravities in six dimensions
Günaydin, M.; Samtleben, H.; Sezgin, E.
2011-07-01
Magical supergravities are a very special class of supergravity theories whose symmetries and matter content in various dimensions correspond to symmetries and underlying algebraic structures of the remarkable geometries of the Magic Square of Freudenthal, Rozenfeld and Tits. These symmetry groups include the exceptional groups and some of their special subgroups. In this paper, we study the general gaugings of these theories in six dimensions which lead to new couplings between vector and tensor fields. We show that in the absence of hypermultiplet couplings the gauge group is uniquely determined by a maximal set of commuting translations within the isometry group SO(n,1) of the tensor multiplet sector. Moreover, we find that in general the gauge algebra allows for central charges that may have nontrivial action on the hypermultiplet scalars. We determine the new minimal couplings, Yukawa couplings and the scalar potential.
High energy scattering in gravity and supergravity
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
B. Giddings, Steven; Schmidt-Sommerfeld, Maximilian; Andersen, Jeppe Rosenkrantz
2010-01-01
We investigate features of perturbative gravity and supergravity by studying scattering in the ultraplanckian limit, and sharpen arguments that the dynamics is governed by long-distance physics. A simple example capturing aspects of the eikonal resummation suggests why short distance phenomena...... and in particular divergences or nonrenormalizability do not necessarily play a central role in this regime. A more profound problem is apparently unitarity. These considerations can be illustrated by showing that known gravity and supergravity amplitudes have the same long-distance behavior, despite the extra...... a physical scattering process, and ultraplanckian scattering exhibiting Regge behavior. These arguments sharpen the need to find a nonperturbative completion of gravity with mechanisms which restore unitarity in the strong gravity regime....
Massive = 2 supergravity in three dimensions
Alkaç, Gökhan; Basanisi, Luca; Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Ozkan, Mehmet; Sezgin, Ergin
2015-02-01
There exists two distinct off-shell = 2 supergravities in three dimensions. They are also referred to as = (1, 1) and = (2, 0) supergravities, and they arise from the coupling of the Weyl multiplet to a compensating scalar or vector multiplet, respectively, followed by fixing of conformal symmetries. The = ( p, q) terminology refers to the underlying anti-de Sitter superalgebras OSp(2, p) ⊕ OSp(2, q) with R-symmetry group SO( p) × SO( q). We construct off-shell invariants of these theories up to fourth order in derivatives. As an application of these results, we determine the special combinations of the = (1, 1) invariants that admit anti-de Sitter vacuum solution about which there is a ghost-free massive spin-2 multiplet of propagating modes. We also show that the =(2,0) invariants do not allow such possibility.
Scalar-induced compactifications in higher dimensional supergravities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kehagias, Alex [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens, GR-15773 Zografou, Athens (Greece); Mattheopoulou, Constantina [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens, GR-15773 Zografou, Athens (Greece)
2005-08-01
We discuss compactifications of higher dimensional supergravities which are induced by scalars. In particular, we consider vector multiplets coupled to the supergravity multiplet in the case of D = 9,8 and D = 7 minimal supergravities. These vector multiplets contain scalars, which parametrize coset spaces of the general form SO(10-D,n)/SO(10-D) x SO(n), where n is the number of vector multiplets. We discuss the compactification of the supergravity theory to D-2 dimensons, which is induced by non-trivial vacuum scalar field configurations. There are singular and non-singular solutions, which preserve half of the supersymmetries.
Ultraviolet Behavior of N = 8 supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dixon, Lance J.; /SLAC
2010-06-07
In these lectures the author describes the remarkable ultraviolet behavior of N = 8 supergravity, which through four loops is no worse than that of N = 4 super-Yang-Mills theory (a finite theory). I also explain the computational tools that allow multi-loop amplitudes to be evaluated in this theory - the KLT relations and the unitarity method - and sketch how ultraviolet divergences are extracted from the amplitudes.
Differences in students' school motivation : A latent class modelling approach
Korpershoek, Hanke; Kuyper, Hans; van der Werf, Greetje
2015-01-01
In this study, we investigated the school motivation of 7,257 9th grade students in 80 secondary schools across the Netherlands. Using a multiple goal perspective, four motivation dimensions were included: performance, mastery, extrinsic, and social motivation. Our first aim was to identify distinct
Differences in students' school motivation : A latent class modelling approach
Korpershoek, Hanke; Kuyper, Hans; van der Werf, Greetje
In this study, we investigated the school motivation of 7,257 9th grade students in 80 secondary schools across the Netherlands. Using a multiple goal perspective, four motivation dimensions were included: performance, mastery, extrinsic, and social motivation. Our first aim was to identify distinct
A Model of Motivation for Extensive Reading in Japanese as a Foreign Language
de Burgh-Hirabe, Ryoko; Feryok, Ann
2013-01-01
Numerous studies have reported that extensive reading (ER) has a positive influence on affect. Recent studies suggest that motivation for ER changes. This is in line with recent developments in second language (L2) motivation research that have highlighted the complex and dynamic nature of L2 motivation. This study presents a model of complex and…
A Model of Motivation for Extensive Reading in Japanese as a Foreign Language
de Burgh-Hirabe, Ryoko; Feryok, Ann
2013-01-01
Numerous studies have reported that extensive reading (ER) has a positive influence on affect. Recent studies suggest that motivation for ER changes. This is in line with recent developments in second language (L2) motivation research that have highlighted the complex and dynamic nature of L2 motivation. This study presents a model of complex and…
Michou, Aikaterini; Vansteenkiste, Maarten; Mouratidis, Athanasios; Lens, Willy
2014-01-01
Background: The hierarchical model of achievement motivation presumes that achievement goals channel the achievement motives of need for achievement and fear of failure towards motivational outcomes. Yet, less is known whether autonomous and controlling reasons underlying the pursuit of achievement goals can serve as additional pathways between…
Is N = 8 Supergravity Ultraviolet Finite?
Bern, Z; Roiban, R; Bern, Zvi; Dixon, Lance J.; Roiban, Radu
2007-01-01
Conventional wisdom holds that no four-dimensional gravity field theory can be ultraviolet finite. This understanding is based mainly on power counting. Recent studies confirm that one-loop N = 8 supergravity amplitudes satisfy the so-called `no-triangle hypothesis', which states that triangle and bubble integrals cancel from these amplitudes. A consequence of this hypothesis is that for any number of external legs, at one loop N = 8 supergravity and N = 4 super-Yang-Mills have identical superficial degrees of ultraviolet behavior in D dimensions. We describe how the unitarity method allows us to promote these one-loop cancellations to higher loops, suggesting that previous power counts were too conservative. We discuss higher-loop evidence suggesting that N = 8 supergravity has the same degree of divergence as N = 4 super-Yang-Mills theory and is ultraviolet finite in four dimensions. We comment on calculations needed to reinforce this proposal, which are feasible using the unitarity method.
College English Students’Autonomous Learning Motivation and Cultivation Model Research
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王艳荣; 李娥
2015-01-01
Studying the autonomous learning motivation and excitation model can stimulate intrinsic motivation of foreign language learners,develop students self-management strategy evaluation are very necessary.The purpose of this paper is to give students the skills of listening and speaking for their autonomous learning.Then study the cultivation and motivation of college English students autonomous learning,hoping to make students to learn autonomous learning and stimulate their motivation fully.
String Theory Origin of Dyonic N=8 Supergravity and Its Chern-Simons Duals.
Guarino, Adolfo; Jafferis, Daniel L; Varela, Oscar
2015-08-28
We clarify the higher-dimensional origin of a class of dyonic gaugings of D=4 N=8 supergravity recently discovered, when the gauge group is chosen to be ISO(7). This dyonically gauged maximal supergravity arises from consistent truncation of massive IIA supergravity on S^6, and its magnetic coupling constant descends directly from the Romans mass. The critical points of the supergravity uplift to new four-dimensional anti-de Sitter space (AdS4) massive type IIA vacua. We identify the corresponding three-dimensional conformal field theory (CFT3) duals as super-Chern-Simons-matter theories with simple gauge group SU(N) and level k given by the Romans mass. In particular, we find a critical point that uplifts to the first explicit N=2 AdS4 massive IIA background. We compute its free energy and that of the candidate dual Chern-Simons theory by localization to a solvable matrix model, and find perfect agreement. This provides the first AdS4/CFT3 precision match in massive type IIA string theory.
Non-Abelian black string solutions of N = (2,0) , d = 6 supergravity
Cano, Pablo A.; Ortín, Tomás; Santoli, Camilla
2016-12-01
We show that, when compactified on a circle, N = (2, 0), d = 6 supergravity coupled to 1 tensor multiplet and n V vector multiplets is dual to N = (2 , 0) , d = 6 supergravity coupled to just n T = n V + 1 tensor multiplets and no vector multiplets. Both theories reduce to the same models of N = 2 , d = 5 supergravity coupled to n V 5 = n V + 2 vector fields. We derive Buscher rules that relate solutions of these theories (and of the theory that one obtains by dualizing the 3-form field strength) admitting an isometry. Since the relations between the fields of N = 2 , d = 5 supergravity and those of the 6-dimensional theories are the same with or without gaugings, we construct supersymmetric non-Abelian solutions of the 6-dimensional gauged theories by uplifting the recently found 5-dimensional supersymmetric non-Abelian black-hole solutions. The solutions describe the usual superpositions of strings and waves supplemented by a BPST instanton in the transverse directions, similar to the gauge dyonic string of Duff, Lü and Pope. One of the solutions obtained interpolates smoothly between two AdS3× S3 geometries with different radii.
Non-Abelian black string solutions of N=(2,0),d=6 supergravity
Cano, Pablo A; Santoli, Camilla
2016-01-01
We show that, when compactified on a circle, N=(2,0),d=6 supergravity coupled to 1 tensor multiplet and nV vector multiplets is dual to N=(2,0),d=6 supergravity coupled to just nT=nV+1 tensor multiplets and no vector multiplets. Both theories reduce to the same models of N=2,d=5 supergravity coupled to nV5=nV+2 vector fields. We derive Buscher rules that relate solutions of these theories (and of the theory that one obtains by dualizing the 3-form field strength) admitting an isometry. Since the relations between the fields of N=2,d=5 supergravity and those of the 6-dimensional theories are the same with or without gaugings, we construct supersymmetric non-Abelian solutions of the 6-dimensional gauged theories by uplifting the recently found 5-dimensional supersymmetric non-Abelian black-hole solutions. The solutions describe the usual superpositions of strings and waves supplemented by a BPST instanton in the transverse directions. One of the solutions obtained interpolates smoothly between two AdS3xS3 geome...
Non-supersymmetric membrane flows from fake supergravity and multi-trace deformations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Papadimitriou, I. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Zentrum fuer Mathematische Physik
2006-06-15
We use fake supergravity as a solution generating technique to obtain a continuum of non-supersymmetric asymptotically AdS{sub 4} x S{sup 7} domain wall solutions of eleven-dimensional supergravity with non-trivial scalars in the SL(8,R)/SO(8) coset. These solutions are continuously connected to the supersymmetric domain walls describing a uniform sector of the Coulomb branch of the M2-brane theory. We also provide a general argument that identifies the fake superpotential with the exact large-N quantum effective potential of the dual theory, thus arriving at a very general description of multi-trace deformations in the AdS/CFT correspondence, which strongly motivates further study of fake supergravity as a solution generating method. This identification allows us to interpret our non-supersymmetric solutions as a family of marginal triple-trace deformations of the Coulomb branch that completely break supersymmetry and to calculate the exact large-N anomalous dimensions of the operators involved. The holographic one- and two-point functions for these solutions are also computed. (Orig.)
Probing bilinear R-parity violating supergravity at the LHC
De Campos, F; Magro, M B; Porod, Werner; Restrepo, D; Hirsch, M; Valle, J W F
2008-01-01
We study the collider phenomenology of bilinear R-parity violating supergravity, the simplest effective model for supersymmetric neutrino masses accounting for the current neutrino oscillation data. At the CERN Large Hadron Collider the center-of-mass energy will be high enough to probe directly these models through the search for the superpartners of the Standard Model particles. We analyze the impact of R-parity violation on the canonical supersymmetry searches - that is, we examine how the decay of the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) via bilinear R-parity violating interactions degrades the average expected missing momentum of the reactions and show how this diminishes the reach in the 'usual' channels for supersymmetry searches. However, the R-parity violating interactions lead to an enhancement of the final states containing isolated same-sign di-leptons and trileptons, compensating the reach loss in the fully inclusive channel. Moreover we show how the searches for displaced vertices associated t...
A Cross Cultural Model for FlexibleMotivation in Management
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gratiela Dana BOCA
2015-05-01
Full Text Available The importance of world business has created a demand for managers sophisticated in global management skills and working with people from other countries. Organizational behavior from different countries and cultures compares organizational behavior across countries and cultures and seeks to understand how to improve the interaction of co workers, manager’s executives, client’s suppliers and alliance partners from around the world. The economic world shows us that all the elements that we consider static have a pulsation around an equilibrium position. The present study concerning the organization’s culture the motivational factors of the employees an outlet in this field. The flexibility in a global economy is an important element on which people can communicate and the manager can exercise his leading task thus is an imperfect world that imposed the necessity of adaptation to a cross cultural model.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Saririan, Kamran [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
1997-05-01
In this thesis, the author presents some works in the direction of studying quantum effects in locally supersymmetric effective field theories that appear in the low energy limit of superstring theory. After reviewing the Kaehler covariant formulation of supergravity, he shows the calculation of the divergent one-loop contribution to the effective boson Lagrangian for supergravity, including the Yang-Mills sector and the helicity-odd operators that arise from integration over fermion fields. The only restriction is on the Yang-Mills kinetic energy normalization function, which is taken diagonal in gauge indices, as in models obtained from superstrings. He then presents the full result for the divergent one-loop contribution to the effective boson Lagrangian for supergravity coupled to chiral and Yang-Mills supermultiplets. He also considers the specific case of dilaton couplings in effective supergravity Lagrangians from superstrings, for which the one-loop result is considerably simplified. He studies gaugino condensation in the presence of an intermediate mass scale in the hidden sector. S-duality is imposed as an approximate symmetry of the effective supergravity theory. Furthermore, the author includes in the Kaehler potential the renormalization of the gauge coupling and the one-loop threshold corrections at the intermediate scale. It is shown that confinement is indeed achieved. Furthermore, a new running behavior of the dilaton arises which he attributes to S-duality. He also discusses the effects of the intermediate scale, and possible phenomenological implications of this model.
The effects of motivational factors on car use: a multidisciplinary modelling approach
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Steg, L.; Ras, M. [University of Groningen (Netherlands). Centre for Environmental and Traffic Psychology; Geurs, K. [National Institute of Public Health and Environment, Bilthoven (Netherlands)
2001-11-01
Current transport models usually do not take motivational factors into account, and if they do, it is only implicitly. This paper presents a modelling approach aimed at explicitly examining the effects of motivational factors on present and future car use in the Netherlands. A car-use forecasting model for the years 2010 and 2020 was constructed on the basis of (i) a multinominal regression analysis, which revealed the importance of a motivational variable (viz., problem awareness) in explaining current car-use behavior separate from socio-demographic and socio-economic variables, and (ii) a population model constructed to forecast the size and composition of the Dutch population. The results show that car use could be better explained by taking motivational factors explicitly into account, and that the level of car use forecast might change significantly if changes in motivations are assumed. The question on how motivational factors could be incorporated into current (Dutch) national transport models was also addressed. (author)
A preliminary Analysis of Dörnyei and Otto’s Process Model of L2 Motivation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐佳佳
2015-01-01
In the past few decades, motivation has already become a recurring topic in SLA field, where motivational theories have placed great influence on language teaching. Different from previous motivation theories, Dörnyei and Otto’s process model of L2 motivation focuses on the dynamicity of motivation.This paper aims at analyzing the process model of L2 motivation and proposing stimulation strategies for each phase to attain learning effect.
A preliminary Analysis of Drnyei and Otto’s Process Model of L2 Motivation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐佳佳
2015-01-01
In the past few decades, motivation has already become a recurring topic in SLA field, where motivational theories have placed great influence on language teaching.Different from previous motivation theories, Drnyei and Otto’s process model of L2 motivation focuses on the dynamicity of motivation.This paper aims at analyzing the process model of L2 motivation and proposing stimulation strategies for each phase to attain learning effect.
From animal model to human brain networking: dynamic causal modeling of motivational systems.
Gonen, Tal; Admon, Roee; Podlipsky, Ilana; Hendler, Talma
2012-05-23
An organism's behavior is sensitive to different reinforcements in the environment. Based on extensive animal literature, the reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST) proposes three separate neurobehavioral systems to account for such context-sensitive behavior, affecting the tendency to react to punishment, reward, or goal-conflict stimuli. The translation of animal findings to complex human behavior, however, is far from obvious. To examine whether the neural networks underlying humans' motivational processes are similar to those proposed by the RST model, we conducted a functional MRI study, in which 24 healthy subjects performed an interactive game that engaged the different motivational systems using distinct time periods (states) of punishment, reward, and conflict. Crucially, we found that the different motivational states elicited activations in brain regions that corresponded exactly to the brain systems underlying RST. Moreover, dynamic causal modeling of each motivational system confirmed that the coupling strengths between the key brain regions of each system were enabled selectively by the appropriate motivational state. These results may shed light on the impairments that underlie psychopathologies associated with dysfunctional motivational processes and provide a translational validity for the RST.
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Onur Çakir; Meryem Akoglan Kozak
2017-01-01
.... Factor analyses and importance-satisfaction analysis were utilized to interpret data. CFA results demonstrated that ABCD model performed well in explaining employee motivation phenomenon in hotel establishments...
Ambitwistor pure spinor string in a type II supergravity background
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chandia, Osvaldo [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Peñalolén, Santiago (Chile); Vallilo, Brenno Carlini [Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andres Bello,República 220, Santiago (Chile)
2015-06-30
We construct the ambitwistor pure spinor string in a general type II supergravity background in the semi-classical regime. Almost all supergravity constraints are obtained from nilpotency of the BRST charge and further consistency conditions from additional world-sheet the case of AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} background.
Compactifications of IIA supergravity on SU(2)-structure manifolds
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Spanjaard, B.
2008-07-15
In this thesis, we study compactifications of type IIA supergravity on six-dimensional manifolds with an SU(2)-structure. A general study of six-dimensional manifolds with SU(2)-structure shows that IIA supergravity compactified on such a manifold should yield a four-dimensional gauged N=4 supergravity. We explicitly derive the bosonic spectrum, gauge transformations and action for IIA supergravity compactified on two different manifolds with SU(2)-structure, one of which also has an H{sup (3)}{sub 10}-flux, and confirm that the resulting four-dimensional theories are indeed N=4 gauged supergravities. In the second chapter, we study an explicit construction of a set of SU(2)-structure manifolds. This construction involves a Scherk-Schwarz duality twist reduction of the half-maximal six-dimensional supergravity obtained by compactifying IIA supergravity on a K3. This reduction results in a gauged N=4 four-dimensional supergravity, where the gaugings can be divided into three classes of parameters. We relate two of the classes to parameters we found before, and argue that the third class of parameters could be interpreted as a mirror flux. (orig.)
Attractor horizons in six-dimensional type IIB supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Astefanesei, Dumitru, E-mail: dumitru.astefanesei@ucv.cl [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Casilla 4059, Valparaiso (Chile); Miskovic, Olivera, E-mail: olivera.miskovic@ucv.cl [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Casilla 4059, Valparaiso (Chile); Olea, Rodrigo, E-mail: rodrigo.olea@unab.cl [Universidad Andres Bello, Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Republica 220, Santiago (Chile)
2012-08-14
We consider near horizon geometries of extremal black holes in six-dimensional type IIB supergravity. In particular, we use the entropy function formalism to compute the charges and thermodynamic entropy of these solutions. We also comment on the role of attractor mechanism in understanding the entropy of the Hopf T-dual solutions in type IIA supergravity.
Off-shell D=5, N=2 Riemann squared supergravity
Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Rosseel, Jan; Sezgin, Ergin
2011-01-01
We construct a new off-shell invariant in N = 2, D = 5 supergravity whose leading term is the square of the Riemann tensor. It contains a gravitational Chern-Simons term involving the vector field that belongs to the supergravity multiplet. The action is obtained by mapping the transformation rules
Successive superalgebraic truncations from the four-dimensional maximal supergravity
Kim, C H; Kim, K Y; Kim, Y; Kim, Chang Ho; Park, Young Jai; Kim, Kee Yong; Kim, Yongduk
1994-01-01
We study the four-dimensional {\\it N}=8 maximal supergravity in the context of Lie superalgebra SU(8/1). All possible successive superalgebraic truncations from four-dimensional {\\it N}=8 theory to {\\it N}=7, 6, \\cdots, 1 supergravity theories are systematically realized as sub-superalgebra chains of SU(8/1) by using the Kac-Dynkin weight techniques.
Chern-Simons Supergravity in D=3 and Maxwell superalgebras
Concha, P K; Rodríguez, E K; Salgado, P
2015-01-01
We present the construction of the $D=3$ Chern-Simons supergravity action from the Maxwell superalgebra $s\\mathcal{M}$, which can be obtained from the anti-De Sitter superalgebra by combining the abelian semigroup expansion procedure and the In\\"{o}n\\"{u}-Wigner contraction. \\ The Chern-Simons supergravity action from a generalized Maxwell superalgebra is also introduced.
M-theory duality and BPS-extended supergravity
de Wit, Bernard
2001-01-01
We discuss toroidal compactifications of maximal supergravity coupled to an extended configuration of BPS states which transform consistently under the U-duality group. Under certain conditions this leads to theories that live in more than eleven spacetime dimensions, with maximal supersymmetry but only partial Lorentz invariance. We demonstrate certain features of this construction for the case of nine-dimensional N=2 supergravity.
All supersymmetric solutions of minimal supergravity in five dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gauntlett, Jerome P; Gutowski, Jan B; Hull, Christopher M; Pakis, Stathis; Reall, Harvey S [Department of Physics, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Rd, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)
2003-11-07
All purely bosonic supersymmetric solutions of minimal supergravity in five dimensions are classified. The solutions preserve either one half or all of the supersymmetry. Explicit examples of new solutions are given, including a large family of plane-fronted waves and a maximally supersymmetric analogue of the Goedel universe which lifts to a solution of 11-dimensional supergravity that preserves 20 supersymmetries.
All supersymmetric solutions of minimal supergravity in five dimensions
Gauntlett, J P; Hull, C M; Pakis, S; Reall, H S; Gauntlett, Jerome P.; Gutowski, Jan B.; Hull, Christopher M.; Pakis, Stathis; Reall, Harvey S.
2003-01-01
All purely bosonic supersymmetric solutions of minimal supergravity in five dimensions are classified. The solutions preserve either one half or all of the supersymmetry. Explicit examples of new solutions are given, including a large family of plane-fronted waves and a maximally supersymmetric analogue of the G\\"odel universe which lifts to a solution of eleven dimensional supergravity that preserves 20 supersymmetries.
Early Universe Cosmology, Effective Supergravity, and Invariants of Algebraic Forms
Sinha, Kuver
2015-01-01
The presence of light scalars can have profound effects on early universe cosmology, influencing its thermal history as well as paradigms like inflation and baryogenesis. Effective supergravity provides a framework to make quantifiable, model-independent studies of these effects. The Riemanian curvature of the Kahler manifold spanned by scalars belonging to chiral superfields, evaluated along supersymmetry breaking directions, provides an order parameter (in the sense that it must necessarily take certain values) for phenomena as diverse as slow roll modular inflation, non-thermal cosmological histories, and the viability of Affleck-Dine baryogenesis. Within certain classes of UV completions, the order parameter for theories with $n$ scalar moduli is conjectured to be related to invariants of $n$-ary cubic forms (for example, for models with three moduli, the order parameter is given by the ring of invariants spanned by the Aronhold invariants). Within these completions, and under the caveats spelled out, thi...
Constraints on supergravity in the light gluino scenario
Díaz, M A
1994-01-01
Minimal N=1 supergravity with a radiatively broken electroweak symmetry group is studied in the light gluino scenario. Constraints from the b\\rightarrow s\\gamma decay and from the masses of the light CP-even neutral Higgs m_h, the lightest chargino m_{\\chi^{\\pm}_1}, and the second lightest neutralino m_{\\chi^0_2} are analyzed. We consider models in which the relation A=B+m_0 holds. We plot the allowed region in the \\tan\\beta-\\mu plane consistent with chargino/neutralino searches, and an upper bound on \\tan\\beta given by 1.82 (1.85) for \\mu>0 (\\mu<0) is found. We analize the consistency of this upper bound with experimental constraints on the lightest Higgs mass. We find that a gluino with a mass of a few GeV is incompatible with this kind of models.
Toward the development of a motivational model of pain self-management.
Jensen, Mark P; Nielson, Warren R; Kerns, Robert D
2003-11-01
Adaptive management of chronic pain depends to a large degree on how patients choose to cope with pain and its impact. Consequently, patient motivation is an important factor in determining how well patients learn to manage pain. However, the role of patient motivation in altering coping behavior and maintaining those changes is seldom discussed, and theoretically based research on motivation for pain treatment is lacking. This article reviews theories that have a direct application to understanding motivational issues in pain coping and presents a preliminary motivational model of pain self-management. The implications of this model for enhancing engagement in and adherence to chronic pain treatment programs are then discussed. The article ends with a call for research to better understand motivation as it applies to chronic pain self-management. In particular, there is a need to determine whether (and which) motivation enhancement interventions increase active participation in self-management treatment programs for chronic pain.
R-symmetric axion/natural inflation in supergravity via deformed moduli dynamics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Keisuke Harigaya
2014-12-01
Full Text Available We construct a natural inflation model in supergravity where the inflaton is identified with a modulus field possessing a shift symmetry. The superpotential for the inflaton is generated by meson condensation due to strong dynamics with deformed moduli constraints. In contrast to models based on gaugino condensation, the inflaton potential is generated without R-symmetry breaking and hence does not depend on the gravitino mass. Thus, our model is compatible with low scale supersymmetry.
Achievement Motivation in High School: Contrasting Theoretical Models in the Classroom.
Garcia-Celay, I. Montero; Tapia, J. Alonso
1992-01-01
Three models of achievement motivation in the classroom are contrasted. Results with 155 high school students suggest that the model of C. S. Dweck and E. S. Elliott offers a better explanation of the relationships among achievement motivation, attributions, emotional reactions, expectancies, and performance than do the other models. (SLD)
K- nuclear potentials from in-medium chirally motivated models
Cieplý, A.; Friedman, E.; Gal, A.; Gazda, D.; Mareš, J.
2011-10-01
A self-consistent scheme for constructing K- nuclear optical potentials from subthreshold in-medium K¯N s-wave scattering amplitudes is presented and applied to analysis of kaonic atoms data and to calculations of K- quasibound nuclear states. The amplitudes are taken from a chirally motivated meson-baryon coupled-channel model, both at the Tomozawa-Weinberg leading order and at the next to leading order. Typical kaonic atoms potentials are characterized by a real part -ReVK-chiral=85±5 MeV at nuclear matter density, in contrast to half this depth obtained in some derivations based on in-medium K¯N threshold amplitudes. The moderate agreement with data is much improved by adding complex ρ- and ρ2-dependent phenomenological terms, found to be dominated by ρ2 contributions that could represent K¯NN→YN absorption and dispersion, outside the scope of meson-baryon chiral models. Depths of the real potentials are then near 180 MeV. The effects of p-wave interactions are studied and found secondary to those of the dominant s-wave contributions. The in-medium dynamics of the coupled-channel model is discussed and systematic studies of K- quasibound nuclear states are presented.
A New Venue of Spontaneous Supersymmetry Breaking in Supergravity
Guendelman, Eduardo; Pacheva, Svetlana; Vasihoun, Mahary
2015-01-01
We present a qualitatively new mechanism for dynamical spontaneous breakdown of supersymmetry in supergravity. Specifically, we construct a modified formulation of standard minimal N=1 supergravity as well as of anti-de Sitter supergravity in terms of a non-Riemannian spacetime volume-form (generally covariant integration measure density). The new supergravity formalism naturally triggers the appearance of a dynamically generated cosmological constant as an arbitrary integration constant which signifies spontaneous (dynamical) breaking of supersymmetry. Applying the new formalism to anti-de Sitter supergravity allows us to appropriately choose the above mentioned arbitrary integration constant so as to obtain simultaneously a very small effective observable cosmological constant as well as a large physical gravitino mass as required by modern cosmological scenarios for slowly expanding universe of the present epoch.
The No-Hair Conjecture in 2D Dilaton Supergravity
Gamboa-Rios, J
1993-01-01
We study two dimensional dilaton gravity and supergravity following hamiltonian methods. Firstly, we consider the structure of constraints of 2D dilaton gravity and then the 2D dilaton supergravity is obtained taking the squere root of the bosonic constraints. We integrate exactly the equations of motion in both cases and we show that the solutions of the equation of motion of 2D dilaton supergravity differs from the solutions of 2D dilaton gravity only by boundary conditions on the fermionic variables, i.e. the black holes of 2D dilaton supergravity theory are exactly the same black holes of 2D bosonic dilaton gravity modulo supersymmetry transformations. This result is the bidimensional analogue of the no-hair theorem for supergravity.
Sheldon, Kennon M
2011-10-01
Psychological need theories offer much explanatory potential for behavioral scientists, but there is considerable disagreement and confusion about what needs are and how they work. A 2-process model of psychological needs is outlined, viewing needs as evolved functional systems that provide both (a) innate psychosocial motives that tend to impel adaptive behavior and (b) innate experiential requirements that when met reinforce adaptive behavior and promote mental health. The literature is reviewed to find support for 8 hypotheses derived from this model: that certain basic psychosocial motives are present at birth; that successful enactment of these motives supports the functioning and wellness of all humans; that individual differences in these motives develop in childhood; that these strong motive dispositions tend to produce the satisfying experiences they seek; that motive dispositions do not moderate the effect of motive-corresponding need satisfaction on well-being but do moderate the effect of assigned goal-type on rated self-concordance for those goals; that need dissatisfaction and need satisfaction correspond to the separable behavioral-motive and experiential-reward aspects of needs; and that motives and needs can become decoupled when chronic dissatisfaction of particular requirements warps or depresses the corresponding motives, such that the adaptive process fails in its function. Implications for self-determination theory and motive disposition theory are considered.
Comments on the Fayet-Iliopoulos Term in Field Theory and Supergravity
Komargodski, Zohar
2009-01-01
A careful analysis of the Fayet-Iliopoulos (FI) model shows that its energy momentum tensor and supersymmetry current are not gauge invariant. Since the corresponding charges are gauge invariant, the model is consistent. However, our observation about the currents gives a new perspective on its restrictive renormalization group flow and explains why FI-terms never appear in dynamical supersymmetry breaking. This lack of gauge invariance is at the root of the complications of coupling the model to supergravity. We show that this is possible only if the full supergravity theory (including all higher derivative corrections) has an additional exact continuous global symmetry. A consistent quantum gravity theory cannot have such symmetries and hence FI-terms cannot appear. Our results have consequences for various models of particle physics and cosmology.
Pure spinor equations to lift gauged supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rosa, Dario; Tomasiello, Alessandro [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano-Bicocca, and INFN, sezione di Milano-Bicocca,I-20126 Milano (Italy)
2014-01-31
We rewrite the equations for ten-dimensional supersymmetry in a way formally identical to a necessary and sufficient G-structure system in N=2 gauged supergravity, where all four-dimensional quantities are replaced by combinations of pure spinors and fluxes in the internal space. This provides a way to look for lifts of BPS solutions without having to reduce or even rewrite the ten-dimensional action. In particular this avoids the problem of consistent truncation, and the introduction of unphysical gravitino multiplets.
Blackfolds in supergravity and string theory
Emparan, Roberto; Harmark, Troels; Niarchos, Vasilis; Obers, Niels A.
2011-08-01
We develop the effective worldvolume theory for the dynamics of black branes with charges of the kind that arise in many supergravities and low-energy limits of string theory. Using this theory, we construct numerous new rotating blackholes with charges and dipoles of D-branes, fundamental strings and other branes. In some instances, the black holes can be dynamically stable close enough to extremality. Some of these black holes, such as those based on the D1-D5-P system, have extremal, non-supersymmetric limits with regular horizons of finite area and a wide variety of horizon topologies and geometries.
Uplifting non-compact gauged supergravities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baron, Walter H.; Dall’Agata, Gianguido [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”,Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); INFN - Sezione di Padova Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)
2015-02-02
We provide the M-theory uplift of de Sitter vacua of SO(5,3) and SO(4,4) gaugings of maximal supergravity in 4 dimensions. We find new non-compact backgrounds that are squashed hyperboloids with non-trivial flux for the 3-form potential. The uplift requires a new non-linear ansatz for the 11-dimensional metric and for the 3-form potential that reduces to the known one leading to the 7-sphere solution in the case of the SO(8) gauging.
Effective supergravity actions for conifold transitions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mohaupt, Thomas; Saueressig, Frank E-mail: F.S.Saueressig@phys.uu.nl
2005-03-01
We construct gauged supergravity actions which describe the dynamics of M-theory on a Calabi-Yau threefold in the vicinity of a conifold transition. The actions explicitly include N charged hypermultiplets descending from wrapped M2-branes which become massless at the conifold point. While the vector multiplet sector can be treated exactly, we approximate the hypermultiplet sector by the non-compact Wolf spaces X(1+N). The effective action is then uniquely determined by the charges of the wrapped M2-branes. (author)
Glueball Masses from Linearly Confining Supergravity
Hailu, Girma
2012-01-01
Mass spectrum of 0++ glueballs is produced using a dual supergravity theory we proposed for pure N=1 SU(N) gauge theory in four dimensions in the large N limit in the IR. The glueball states are expressed in terms of Whittaker functions. The spectrum is discrete and a function whose roots give the masses is written. The ratios of the masses are independent of the parameters of the theory and comparison to recent non-supersymmetric large N lattice QCD data available for the lowest three states shows agreement to within five percent.
Rotating black holes in 4d gauged supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gnecchi, Alessandra [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University,3508 TD Utrecht (Netherlands); Hristov, Kiril [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano-Bicocca, and INFN, sezione di Milano-Bicocca,Piazza della Scienza 3, 20126 Milano (Italy); Klemm, Dietmar [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano, and INFN, sezione di Milano,Via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy); Toldo, Chiara [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University,3508 TD Utrecht (Netherlands); Vaughan, Owen [Department of Mathematics and Center for Mathematical Physics, University of Hamburg,Bundesstrasse 55, 20146 Hamburg (Germany)
2014-01-23
We present new results towards the construction of the most general black hole solutions in four-dimensional Fayet-Iliopoulos gauged supergravities. In these theories black holes can be asymptotically AdS and have arbitrary mass, angular momentum, electric and magnetic charges and NUT charge. Furthermore, a wide range of horizon topologies is allowed (compact and noncompact) and the complex scalar fields have a nontrivial radial and angular profile. We construct a large class of solutions in the simplest single scalar model with prepotential F=−iX{sup 0}X{sup 1} and discuss their thermodynamics. Moreover, various approaches and calculational tools for facing this problem with more general prepotentials are presented.
Biconformal Supergravity And A Quantum Theory Of Biconformal Space
Anderson, L B
2004-01-01
Biconformal supergravity models provide a new gauging of the superconformal group relevant to the Maldacena conjecture. Using the group quotient method to biconformally gauge SU(2, 2|N ), we generate an (8+8N)-dim superspace. We write the most general even and odd parity actions linear in the curvatures, the bosonic sector of which is known to descend to general relativity on a 4- dim manifold. Further, we claim in addition to being a natural arena for gravity, biconformal space contains the essential elements of quantization. Using three postulates characterizing motion and measurement in biconformal geometry, we derive standard quantum mechanics, and show how the need for probability amplitudes arises from the use of a standard of measurement. Our results include Feynman path integrals, the Schro&huml;dinger equation, the Heisenberg uncertainty relation and fundamental canonical commutation relations. Additionally, we show that a postulate for unique, classical motion yields Hamiltonian dynamics with no...
Pure Gravity Mediation and Chaotic Inflation in Supergravity
Harigaya, Keisuke
2014-01-01
We investigate compatibility of the pure gravity mediation (or the minimal split supersymmetry) with chaotic inflation models in supergravity. We find that an approximate Z2 parity of the inflaton is useful to suppress gravitino production from thermal bath and to obtain consistent inflation dynamics. We discuss production of the lightest supersymmetric particle through the decay of the inflaton with the approximate Z2 symmetry and find that a large gravitino mass is favored to avoid the overproduction of the lightest supersymmetric particle, while a lower gravitino mass requires tuning of parameters. This may explain why the nature has chosen the gravitino mass of O(100) TeV rather than O(100) GeV.
Duality invariance in Fayet-Iliopoulos gauged supergravity
Cacciatori, Sergio L; Rabbiosi, Marco
2016-01-01
We propose a geometric method to study the residual symmetries in $N=2$, $d=4$ $\\text{U}(1)$ Fayet-Iliopoulos (FI) gauged supergravity. It essentially involves the stabilization of the symplectic vector of gauge couplings (FI parameters) under the action of the U-duality symmetry of the ungauged theory. In particular we are interested in those transformations that act non-trivially on the solutions and produce scalar hair and dyonic black holes from a given seed. We illustrate the procedure for finding this group in general and then show how it works in some specific models. For the prepotential $F=-iX^0X^1$, we use our method to add one more parameter to the rotating Chow-Comp\\`ere solution, representing scalar hair.
GUT scale extra dimensions and light moduli in supergravity and cosmology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Moeller, Jan
2010-05-15
We study the dynamical properties of geometric moduli in five- and six-dimensional supergravity compactified on flat orbifolds, focusing on the impact of the Kaehler potential. In both cases, the Kaehler potential exhibits no-scale structure at tree level. In five dimensions, the volume modulus (radion) can be stabilized by means of perturbative Kaehler corrections. In six dimensions, the same holds for size and shape of the extra dimensions, only if the dilaton can be stabilized in a Minkowski vacuum by nonperturbative effects. We develop a systematic description of almost no-scale models and derive a model independent formula for the radion mass. The radion mass is suppressed compared to the gravitino mass. The supression factor reflects the hierarchy between the Planck and the compactification scale. We analyze a specific example, where the compactification scale is determined by Fayet-Iliopoulos terms of a locally anomalous Abelian gauge group, which are O(M{sub GUT}). In a scenario with gravitino dark matter, this leads to a radion mass of 1-10 MeV. In this mass range, the radion is cosmologically stable and contributes to the dark matter density. Based on galactic gamma ray data, we derive a tight bound on the initial displacement of the field value from its low energy vacuum. We also investigate implications of typical moduli Kaehler potentials on the cosmological evolution of the scalar fields. In particular, we discuss a class of models with steep exponential potentials and non-canonical kinetic terms, motivated by our radion example. We consider the overshooting problem of cosmological moduli dynamics, and the possibility of slow-roll solutions despite the steepness of the scalar potential. (orig.)
Proposed tests for minimal SU(5) supergravity at Fermilab, Gran Sasso, SuperKamiokande, and LEP
López, J L; Pois, H; Zichichi, Antonino
1993-01-01
A series of predictions are worked out in order to put the minimal $SU(5)$ supergravity model under experimental test. Using the two-loop gauge coupling renormalization group equations, with the inclusion of supersymmetric threshold corrections, we calculate a new value for the proton decay rate in this model and find that SuperKamiokande and Gran Sasso should see the proton decay mode $p\\to\\bar\
Proposed Tests for Minimal SU(5) Supergravity at Fermilab, Gran Sasso, SuperKamiokande, and LEP
López, J; Pois, H; Zichichi, A; 10.1016/0370-2693(93)90257-I
2009-01-01
A series of predictions are worked out in order to put the minimal $SU(5)$ supergravity model under experimental test. Using the two-loop gauge coupling renormalization group equations, with the inclusion of supersymmetric threshold corrections, we calculate a new value for the proton decay rate in this model and find that SuperKamiokande and Gran Sasso should see the proton decay mode $p\\to\\bar\
The fourth generation in supergravity
Enqvist, K.; Nanopoulos, D. V.; Zwirner, F.
1985-12-01
We consider model-independent constraints on the fourth-generation fermion masses and the magnitude of the D-term contribution to the scalar masses. We find that the ratio of vacuum expectation values is limited to the range 1/5 ~ 150 GeV. A general feature of the four-generation models is thus a heavy spectrum of sparticles. On leave from International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Padua, Italy.
Angular Power Spectrum and Dilatonic Inflation in Modular-Invariant Supergravity
Hayashi, M J; Okame, Y; Watanabe, T; Hayashi, Mitsuo J.; Hirai, Shiro; Okame, Yusuke; Watanabe, Tomoki
2006-01-01
The angular power spectrum is investigated in the model of supergravity, incorporating the target-space duality and the non-perturbative gaugino condensation in the hidden sector. The inflation and supersymmetry breaking occur at once by the interplay between the dilaton field as inflaton and the condensate gauge-singlet field. The model satisfies the slow-roll condition which solves the \\eta-problem. When the particle rolls down along the minimized trajectory of the potential at a duality invariant fixed point T=1, we can obtain the e-fold value \\sim 57. And then the cosmological parameters obtained from our model well match with the recent WMAP data combined with other experiments. The TT and TE angular power spectra also show that our model is compatible with the data for l > 20. However, the best fit value of \\tau in our model is smaller than that of the \\Lambda CDM model. These results suggest that, among supergravity models of inflation, the modular-invariant supergravity seems to open a hope to constru...
Concept Model For Designing Engaging And Motivating Games For Learning - The Smiley-Model
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Weitze, Charlotte Lærke; Ørngreen, Rikke
2012-01-01
a music learning game that teaches children to play piano using sheet music, and at the same time is fun and engaging. Although the model was originally developed for and through music, it has a more generic nature, and may be relevant for other fields as well. The Smiley-model is a condensed version....... Furthermore, theories about children, culture and media, as well as empirical analysis of the writers' own music-teaching practice were investigated. Motivation and engagement in music learning games was investigated through: 1) an analysis of various theoretical and empirical approaches to implementing...... learning in a learning game, 2) study of motivational theories, 3) analysis of theory of play and existing experiences on dissemination of learning in games in fun ways 4) analysis of motivating and engaging game elements, and 5) analysis of similar music learning games. During an iterative design process...
Lecture notes on Chern-Simons (super-)gravities
Zanelli, J
2005-01-01
This is intended as a broad introduction to Chern-Simons gravity and supergravity. The motivation for these theories lies in the desire to have a gauge invariant system --with a fiber bundle formulation-- in more than three dimensions, which could provide a firm ground for constructing a quantum theory of the gravitational field. The starting point is a gravitational action which generalizes the Einstein theory for dimensions D>4 --Lovelock gravity. It is then shown that in odd dimensions there is a particular choice of the arbitrary parameters of the action that makes the theory gauge invariant under the (anti-)de Sitter or the Poincare groups. The resulting lagrangian is a Chern-Simons form for a connection of the corresponding gauge groups and the vielbein and the spin connection are parts of this connection field. These theories also admit a natural supersymmetric extension for all odd D where the local supersymmetry algebra closes off-shell and without a need for auxiliary fields. No analogous constructi...
Motivation Monitoring and Assessment Extension for Input-Process-Outcome Game Model
Ghergulescu, Ioana; Muntean, Cristina Hava
2014-01-01
This article proposes a Motivation Assessment-oriented Input-Process-Outcome Game Model (MotIPO), which extends the Input-Process-Outcome game model with game-centred and player-centred motivation assessments performed right from the beginning of the game-play. A feasibility case-study involving 67 participants playing an educational game and…
The effects of motivational factors on car use : a multidisciplinary modelling approach
Steg, L; Geurs, K; Ras, M
2001-01-01
Current transport models usually do not take motivational factors into account, and if they do, it is only implicitly. This paper presents a modelling approach aimed at explicitly examining the effects of motivational factors on present and future car use in the Netherlands. A car-use forecasting mo
Value-Added Models of Assessment: Implications for Motivation and Accountability
Anderman, Eric M.; Anderman, Lynley H.; Yough, Michael S.; Gimbert, Belinda G.
2010-01-01
In this article, we examine the relations of value-added models of measuring academic achievement to student motivation. Using an achievement goal orientation theory perspective, we argue that value-added models, which focus on the progress of individual students over time, are more closely aligned with research on student motivation than are more…
Motivation Monitoring and Assessment Extension for Input-Process-Outcome Game Model
Ghergulescu, Ioana; Muntean, Cristina Hava
2014-01-01
This article proposes a Motivation Assessment-oriented Input-Process-Outcome Game Model (MotIPO), which extends the Input-Process-Outcome game model with game-centred and player-centred motivation assessments performed right from the beginning of the game-play. A feasibility case-study involving 67 participants playing an educational game and…
Delil, A. A. M.
2001-02-01
Earlier publications extensively describe NLR research on thermal-gravitational modeling and scaling of two-phase heat transport systems for spacecraft applications. These publications on mechanically and capillary pumped two-phase loops discuss pure geometric scaling, pure fluid to fluid scaling, and combined (hybrid) scaling of a prototype system by a model at the same gravity level, and of a prototype in micro-gravity environment by a scale-model on earth. More recent publications include the scaling aspects of prototype two-phase loops for Moon or Mars applications by scale-models on earth. Recent work, discussed here, concerns extension of thermal-gravitational scaling to super-g acceleration levels. This turned out to be necessary, since a very promising super-g application for (two-phase) heat transport systems will be cooling of high-power electronics in spinning satellites and in military combat aircraft. In such aircraft, the electronics can be exposed during maneuvres to transient accelerations up to 120 m/s2. The discussions focus on ``conventional'' (capillary) pumped two-phase loops. It can be considered as introduction to the accompanying article, which focuses on pulsating and oscillating devices. .
Hyperbolic billiards of pure D=4 supergravities
Henneaux, M; Henneaux, Marc; Julia, Bernard
2003-01-01
We compute the billiards that emerge in the Belinskii-Khalatnikov-Lifshitz (BKL) limit for all pure supergravities in D=4 spacetime dimensions, as well as for D=4, N=4 supergravities coupled to k (N=4) Maxwell supermultiplets. We find that just as for the cases N=0 and N=8 investigated previously, these billiards can be identified with the fundamental Weyl chambers of hyperbolic Kac-Moody algebras. Hence, the dynamics is chaotic in the BKL limit. A new feature arises, however, which is that the relevant Kac-Moody algebra can be the Lorentzian extension of a twisted affine Kac-Moody algebra, while the N=0 and N=8 cases are untwisted. This occurs for N=5, N=3 and N=2. An understanding of this property is provided by showing that the data relevant for determining the billiards are the restricted root system and the maximal split subalgebra of the finite-dimensional real symmetry algebra characterizing the toroidal reduction to D=3 spacetime dimensions. To summarize: split symmetry controls chaos.
Positive mass theorem in extended supergravities
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Masato Nozawa
2014-10-01
Full Text Available Following the Witten–Nester formalism, we present a useful prescription using Weyl spinors towards the positivity of mass. As a generalization of arXiv:1310.1663, we show that some “positivity conditions” must be imposed upon the gauge connections appearing in the supercovariant derivative acting on spinors. A complete classification of the connection fulfilling the positivity conditions is given. It turns out that these positivity conditions are indeed satisfied for a number of extended supergravity theories. It is shown that the positivity property holds for the Einstein-complex scalar system, provided that the target space is Hodge–Kähler and the potential is expressed in terms of the superpotential. In the Einstein–Maxwell-dilaton theory with a dilaton potential, the dilaton coupling function and the superpotential are fixed by the positive mass property. We also explore the N=8 gauged supergravity and demonstrate that the positivity of the mass holds independently of the gaugings and the deformation parameters.
On the scalar manifold of exceptional supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cacciatori, S.L. [Dipartimento di Scienze ed Alta Tecnologia, Universita dell' Insubria, Via Valleggio, 11, 22100 Como (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Milano, Via Celoria, 16, 20133 Milano (Italy); Cerchiai, B.L. [INFN, Sezione di Milano, Via Celoria, 16, 20133 Milano (Italy); Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Saldini, 50, 20133 Milano (Italy); Marrani, A. [Physics Department, Theory Unit, CERN, 1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland)
2012-07-15
We construct two parametrizations of the non compact exceptional Lie group G = E{sub 7(-25)}, based on a fibration which has the maximal compact subgroup [(E{sub 6} x U(1))/Z{sub 3}] as a fiber. It is well known that G plays an important role in the N = 2 d = 4 magic exceptional supergravity, where it describes the U-duality of the theory and where the symmetric space M=G/K gives the vector multiplets' scalar manifold. First, by making use of the exponential map, we compute a realization of G/K, that is based on the E{sub 6} invariant d-tensor, and hence exhibits the maximal possible manifest [(E{sub 6} x U(1))/Z{sub 3}]-covariance. This provides a basis for the corresponding supergravity theory, which is the analogue of the Calabi-Vesentini coordinates. Then we study the Iwasawa decomposition. Its main feature is that it is SO(8)-covariant and therefore it highlights the role of triality. Along the way we analyze the relevant chain of maximal embeddings which leads to SO(8). It is worth noticing that being based on the properties of a ''mixed'' Freudenthal-Tits magic square, the whole procedure can be generalized to a broader class of groups of type E{sub 7}. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Massive N=2 Supergravity in Three Dimensions
Alkac, Gokhan; Bergshoeff, Eric A; Ozkan, Mehmet; Sezgin, Ergin
2014-01-01
There exists two distinct off-shell ${\\mathcal{N}}=2$ supergravities in three dimensions. They are also referred to as ${\\mathcal{N}}=(1,1)$ and ${\\mathcal{N}}=(2,0)$ supergravities, and they arise from the coupling of Weyl multiplet to a compensating scalar or vector multiplet, respectively, followed by fixing of conformal symmetries. The ${\\mathcal{N}} =(p,q)$ terminology refers to the underlying anti-de Sitter superalgebras $OSp(2,p) \\oplus OSp(2,q)$ with $R$-symmetry group $SO(p) \\times SO(q)$. We construct off-shell invariants of these theories up to fourth order in derivatives. As an application of these results, we determine the special combinations of the ${\\mathcal{N}}=(1,1)$ invariants that admit anti-de Sitter vacuum solution about which there is a ghost-free massive spin-2 multiplet of propagating modes. We also show that the ${\\mathcal{N}}=(2,0)$ invariants do not allow such possibility.
Cooperation Models, Motivation and Objectives behind Farm–School Collaboration
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dyg, Pernille Malberg; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg
2016-01-01
and teachers. Findings show distinct differences in motivation. Farmers want to create transparency in their production, ensure support for the agricultural profession or promote food and agricultural literacy. The idealistic motivation of teaching children about food and agriculture weighs higher than...... economic incentives. Teachers display academic motives for engaging in farm visits, but also a broader focus on shaping children’s world views, connectedness to food and nature and fostering life skills. The farm can be an important setting for promoting food, agricultural and ecological literacy. We...... people and their ability to understand the food system. Thus, efforts are made to promote food literacy through strengthening of farm–school links. The case-study research from Denmark investigates existing cooperation arrangements in farm–school collaboration and the underlying motivation of the farmers...
Chan, D K C; Dimmock, J A; Donovan, R J; Hardcastle, S; Lentillon-Kaestner, V; Hagger, M S
2015-05-01
Motivation in sport has been frequently identified as a key factor of young athletes' intention of doping in sport, but there has not been any attempt in scrutinizing the motivational mechanism involved. The present study applied the trans-contextual model of motivation to explain the relationship between motivation in a sport context and motivation and the social-cognitive factors (attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and intention) from the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in an anti-doping context. A cross-sectional survey was conducted. Questionnaire data was collected from 410 elite and sub-elite young athletes in Australia (Mean age [17.7±3.9 yr], 55.4% male, Years in sport [9.1±3.2]). We measured the key model variables of study in relation to sport motivation (Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire), and the motivation (adapted version of the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire) and social cognitive patterns (the theory of planned behavior questionnaire) of doping avoidance. The data was analyzed by variance-based structural equation modeling with bootstrapping of 999 replications. The goodness-of-fit of the hypothesized model was acceptable. The bootstrapped parameter estimates revealed that autonomous motivation and amotivation in sport were positively associated with the corresponding types of motivation for the avoidance of doping. Autonomous motivation, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control in doping avoidance fully mediated the relationship between autonomous motivation in sport and intention for doping avoidance. The findings support the tenets of the trans-contextual model, and explain how motivation in sport is related to athletes' motivation and intention with respect to anti-doping behaviors. Copyright © 2014 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Kim, Jooyoung; Paek, Hye-Jin
2009-12-01
Recent risk management research has noted the importance of understanding how the lay public processes and reacts to risk-related information. Guided by the multiple-motive heuristic-systematic model, this study examines (1) how individuals process messages in the context of genetically modified foods to change their attitudes and (2) how the persuasion process varies across types of motives. In the three treatment conditions of accuracy, defense, and impression motives, the respondents changed their attitudes through either the heuristic or the systematic mode, depending on their motives. The accuracy-motive group appeared to use the systematic processing mode, while the impression-motive group seemed to employ the heuristic processing mode. The empirical findings highlight the importance of incorporating motives to improve our understanding of the process of attitude change in risk management and communication contexts.
Towards a worldsheet description of N=8 supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lipstein, Arthur [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). II. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Schomerus, Volker [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany). Theory Group
2015-10-15
In this note we address the worldsheet description of 4-dimensional N=8 supergravity using ambitwistors. After gauging an appropriate current algebra, we argue that the only physical vertex operators correspond to the N=8 supermultiplet. It has previously been shown that worldsheet correlators give rise to supergravity tree level scattering amplitudes. We extend this work by proposing a definition for genus-one amplitudes that passes several consistency checks such as exhibiting modular invariance and reproducing the expected infrared behavior of 1-loop supergravity amplitudes.
Invariants for minimal conformal supergravity in six dimensions
Butter, Daniel; Novak, Joseph; Theisen, Stefan
2016-01-01
We develop a new off-shell formulation for six-dimensional conformal supergravity obtained by gauging the 6D ${\\cal N} = (1, 0)$ superconformal algebra in superspace. This formulation is employed to construct two invariants for 6D ${\\cal N} = (1, 0)$ conformal supergravity, which contain $C^3$ and $C\\Box C$ terms at the component level. Using a conformal supercurrent analysis, we prove that these exhaust all such invariants in minimal conformal supergravity. Finally, we show how to construct the supersymmetric $F \\Box F$ invariant in curved superspace.
The Rubakov-Callan scattering on the supergravity monopole
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chamseddine, Ali H. [Physics Department, American University of Beirut (Lebanon); Laboratoire de Mathematiques et Physique Theorique CNRS-UMR 6083, Universite de Tours, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France); LE STUDIUM, Loire Valley Institute for Advanced Studies, Tours and Orleans (France); Volkov, Mikhail S., E-mail: volkov@lmpt.univ-tours.fr [Laboratoire de Mathematiques et Physique Theorique CNRS-UMR 6083, Universite de Tours, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France)
2011-10-05
We study small perturbations around the supersymmetric CVMN monopole solution of the gauged supergravity in D=4. We find that the perturbation spectrum contains an infinite tower of Coulomb-type bound states both in the bosonic and fermionic parts of the supergravity multiplet. Due to supersymmetry, the eigenvalues are the same for the two bosonic parity sectors, as well as for the fermionic sector. We also find that the fermion scattering on the monopole is accompanied by isospin flip. This is analogous to the Rubakov-Callan effect of monopole catalysis of proton decay and suggests that there could be a similar effect of catalysis for decay of fermionic systems in supergravity.
Supergravity and Light-Like Non-commutativity
Alishahiha, M; Russo, Jorge G; Alishahiha, Mohsen; Oz, Yaron; Russo, Jorge G.
2000-01-01
We construct dual supergravity descriptions of field theories and little string theories with light-like non-commutativity. The field theories are realized on the world-volume of Dp branes with light-like NS $B$ field and M5 branes with light-like $C$ field. The little string theories are realized on the world-volume of NS5 branes with light-like RR $A$ fields. The supergravity backgrounds are closely related to the $A=0,B=0,C=0$ backgrounds. We discuss the implications of these results. We also construct dual supergravity descriptions of ODp theories realized on the worldvolume of NS5 branes with RR backgrounds.
Cancellation of conformal and chiral anomalies in N ≥5 supergravities
Kallosh, Renata
2017-02-01
A cancellation of conformal anomalies in d =4 for the C2+C¯2 and of chiral anomalies for the C2-C¯2 is known in N -extended supergravities with N ≥5 . We propose an explanation of these cancellations using supersymmetry and dimension of linearized chiral superfields. We contrast these models with the ones with N <5 , where both types of anomalies are known to be present.
Probing neutralino properties in minimal supergravity with bilinear R-parity violation
de Campos, F.; Éboli, O. J P [UNESP; Magro, M. B.; Porod, Werner; Restrepo, Diego; Das, Siba Prasad; Hirsch, Martin; Furtado Valle, José Wagner
2012-01-01
Supersymmetric models with bilinear R-parity violation can account for the observed neutrino masses and mixing parameters indicated by neutrino oscillation data. We consider minimal supergravity versions of bilinear R-parity violation where the lightest supersymmetric particle is a neutralino. This is unstable, with a large enough decay length to be detected at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. We analyze the Large Hadron Collider potential to determine the lightest supersymmetric particle prop...
Probing neutralino properties in minimal supergravity with bilinear R-parity violation
de Campos, F; Magro, M B; Porod, W; Restrepo, D; Das, S P; Hirsch, M; Valle, J W F
2012-01-01
Supersymmetric models with bilinear R-parity violation (BRPV) can account for the observed neutrino masses and mixing parameters indicated by neutrino oscillation data. We consider minimal supergravity versions of BRPV where the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) is a neutralino. This is unstable, with a large enough decay length to be detected at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). We analyse the LHC potential to determine the LSP properties, such as mass, lifetime and branching ratios, and discuss their relation to neutrino properties.
A game theoretic framework for incentive-based models of intrinsic motivation in artificial systems
Merrick, Kathryn E.; Shafi, Kamran
2013-01-01
An emerging body of research is focusing on understanding and building artificial systems that can achieve open-ended development influenced by intrinsic motivations. In particular, research in robotics and machine learning is yielding systems and algorithms with increasing capacity for self-directed learning and autonomy. Traditional software architectures and algorithms are being augmented with intrinsic motivations to drive cumulative acquisition of knowledge and skills. Intrinsic motivations have recently been considered in reinforcement learning, active learning and supervised learning settings among others. This paper considers game theory as a novel setting for intrinsic motivation. A game theoretic framework for intrinsic motivation is formulated by introducing the concept of optimally motivating incentive as a lens through which players perceive a game. Transformations of four well-known mixed-motive games are presented to demonstrate the perceived games when players' optimally motivating incentive falls in three cases corresponding to strong power, affiliation and achievement motivation. We use agent-based simulations to demonstrate that players with different optimally motivating incentive act differently as a result of their altered perception of the game. We discuss the implications of these results both for modeling human behavior and for designing artificial agents or robots. PMID:24198797
A game theoretic framework for incentive-based models of intrinsic motivation in artificial systems.
Merrick, Kathryn E; Shafi, Kamran
2013-01-01
An emerging body of research is focusing on understanding and building artificial systems that can achieve open-ended development influenced by intrinsic motivations. In particular, research in robotics and machine learning is yielding systems and algorithms with increasing capacity for self-directed learning and autonomy. Traditional software architectures and algorithms are being augmented with intrinsic motivations to drive cumulative acquisition of knowledge and skills. Intrinsic motivations have recently been considered in reinforcement learning, active learning and supervised learning settings among others. This paper considers game theory as a novel setting for intrinsic motivation. A game theoretic framework for intrinsic motivation is formulated by introducing the concept of optimally motivating incentive as a lens through which players perceive a game. Transformations of four well-known mixed-motive games are presented to demonstrate the perceived games when players' optimally motivating incentive falls in three cases corresponding to strong power, affiliation and achievement motivation. We use agent-based simulations to demonstrate that players with different optimally motivating incentive act differently as a result of their altered perception of the game. We discuss the implications of these results both for modeling human behavior and for designing artificial agents or robots.
A Game Theoretic Framework for Incentive-Based Models of Intrinsic Motivation in Artificial Systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kathryn Elizabeth Merrick
2013-10-01
Full Text Available An emerging body of research is focusing on understanding and building artificial systems that can achieve open-ended development influenced by intrinsic motivations. In particular, research in robotics and machine learning is yielding systems and algorithms with increasing capacity for self-directed learning and autonomy. Traditional software architectures and algorithms are being augmented with intrinsic motivations to drive cumulative acquisition of knowledge and skills. Intrinsic motivations have recently been considered in reinforcement learning, active learning and supervised learning settings among others. This paper considers game theory as a novel setting for intrinsic motivation. A game theoretic framework for intrinsic motivation is formulated by introducing the concept of optimally motivating incentive as a lens through which players perceive a game. Transformations of four well-known mixed-motive games are presented to demonstrate the perceived games when players’ optimally motivating incentive falls in three cases corresponding to strong power, affiliation and achievement motivation. We use agent-based simulations to demonstrate that players with different optimally motivating incentive act differently as a result of their altered perception of the game. We discuss the implications of these results both for modeling human behavior and for designing artificial agents or robots.
AND BELARUS ON THE BASIS OF GERCHIKOV’S MOTIVATION MODEL
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Liu, W.Y.
2016-04-01
Full Text Available This research examined corporate motivation in Belarus and China on the basis of Gerchikov’s motivation theory. We will bring theoretical substantiation for the work and state why we have chosen Gerchikov’s motivation model as foundation for the analysis. On the basis of the results gathered with the help of the research we will propose a suggestion on what peculiarities in the framework of corporate motivation we shall pay special attention in the course of Belarusian and Chinese companies’ cooperation.
Barbuto, John E; Xu, Ye
2006-02-01
126 leaders and 624 employees were sampled to test the relationship between sources of motivation and conflict management styles of leaders and how these variables influence effectiveness of leadership. Five sources of motivation measured by the Motivation Sources Inventory were tested-intrinsic process, instrumental, self-concept external, self-concept internal, and goal internalization. These sources of work motivation were associated with Rahim's modes of interpersonal conflict management-dominating, avoiding, obliging, complying, and integrating-and to perceived leadership effectiveness. A structural equation model tested leaders' conflict management styles and leadership effectiveness based upon different sources of work motivation. The model explained variance for obliging (65%), dominating (79%), avoiding (76%), and compromising (68%), but explained little variance for integrating (7%). The model explained only 28% of the variance in leader effectiveness.
Cooperation Models, Motivation and Objectives behind Farm–School Collaboration:
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dyg, Pernille Malberg
2016-01-01
economic incentives. Teachers display academic motives for engaging in farm visits, but also a broader focus on shaping children’s world views, connectedness to food and nature and fostering life skills. The farm can be an important setting for promoting food, agricultural and ecological literacy. We......Abstract Children lack an understanding of and connectedness to food and agriculture, while policies are calling for more emphasis on food and nutrition at school. As a result, foodscapes at school are increasingly the focus of public policy. More initiatives are targeting food literacy of young...... and teachers. Findings show distinct differences in motivation. Farmers want to create transparency in their production, ensure support for the agricultural profession or promote food and agricultural literacy. The idealistic motivation of teaching children about food and agriculture weighs higher than...
Flipped Classroom Adapted to the ARCS Model of Motivation and Applied to a Physics Course
Asiksoy, Gülsüm; Özdamli, Fezile
2016-01-01
This study aims to determine the effect on the achievement, motivation and self-sufficiency of students of the flipped classroom approach adapted to Keller's ARCS (Attention, Relevance, Confidence and Satisfaction) motivation model and applied to a physics course. The study involved 66 students divided into two classes of a physics course. The…
Dike, Daniel E.
2012-01-01
Purpose: The first purpose of this study was to identify and describe teachers' perceptions of intrinsic motivation in classrooms among at-risk adolescent students in 3 model continuation high schools. The second purpose of this study was to identify and describe teacher practices that promote intrinsic motivation among at-risk adolescent students…
Kizilgunes, Berna; Tekkaya, Ceren; Sungur, Semra
2009-01-01
The authors proposed a model to explain how epistemological beliefs, achievement motivation, and learning approach related to achievement. The authors assumed that epistemological beliefs influence achievement indirectly through their effect on achievement motivation and learning approach. Participants were 1,041 6th-grade students. Results of the…
Jang, Hyungshim; Kim, Eun Joo; Reeve, Johnmarshall
2012-01-01
This study provides the first longitudinally designed, classroom-based empirical test of self-determination theory's motivation mediation model. Measures of perceived autonomy support, motivation (autonomy need satisfaction), engagement, and achievement were collected from 500 (257 females, 243 males) 8th-grade students in Korea in a 3-wave…
Broadening the trans-contextual model of motivation: A study with Spanish adolescents.
González-Cutre, D; Sicilia, Á; Beas-Jiménez, M; Hagger, M S
2014-08-01
The original trans-contextual model of motivation proposed that autonomy support from teachers develops students' autonomous motivation in physical education (PE), and that autonomous motivation is transferred from PE contexts to physical activity leisure-time contexts, and predicts attitudes, perceived behavioral control and subjective norms, and forming intentions to participate in future physical activity behavior. The purpose of this study was to test an extended trans-contextual model of motivation including autonomy support from peers and parents and basic psychological needs in a Spanish sample. School students (n = 400) aged between 12 and 18 years completed measures of perceived autonomy support from three sources, autonomous motivation and constructs from the theory of planned behavior at three different points in time and in two contexts, PE and leisure-time. A path analysis controlling for past physical activity behavior supported the main postulates of the model. Autonomous motivation in a PE context predicted autonomous motivation in a leisure-time physical activity context, perceived autonomy support from teachers predicted satisfaction of basic psychological needs in PE, and perceived autonomy support from peers and parents predicted need satisfaction in leisure-time. This study provides a cross-cultural replication of the trans-contextual model of motivation and broadens it to encompass basic psychological needs.
Braneworld Inflation in Supergravity with a Shift Symmetric K$\\"{a}$hler Potential
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Z. Mounzi; M. Ferricha-Alami; A. Safsafi; M. Bennai
2016-06-01
We propose a new solution to the $\\eta$-problem in supergravity using a shift symmetric K\\"{a}hler potential in the context of the Randall–Sundrum type II model. We focus on a F-term supergravity inflation with a minimal K\\"{a}hler potential taking into account the radiative corrections. The slow-roll conditions are ensured by the shift symmetry where a very small value of $\\eta$ $(\\eta \\ll 1)$ is obtained. In this context, we derive all known spectrum inflationary parameters which are widely consistent with Planck 2015 data for a particular choice of brane tension and coupling constant values. A suitable observational central value of $n_{s}=0.96$ is also obtained in the case of minimal K$\\"{a}$hler potential.
Nernst branes with Lifshitz asymptotics in mathcal{N} = 2 gauged supergravity
Cardoso, G. L.; Haack, M.; Nampuri, S.
2016-06-01
We discuss two classes of non-supersymmetric interpolating solutions in mathcal{N} = 2, D = 4 gauged supergravity, that flow from either a z = 2 Lifshitz geometry or a conformal AdS background to the near-horizon geometry of a Nernst brane. We obtain these solutions by constructing a z = 2 supersymmetric Lifshitz solution in the STU model from a first-order rewriting of the action, then lifting it up to a five-dimensional background and subsequently modifying this five-dimensional solution by a two-parameter family of deformations. Under reduction, these give four-dimensional non-supersymmetric Nernst brane solutions. This is a step towards resolving the Lifshitz tidal force singularity in the context of mathcal{N} = 2 gauged supergravity and suggests an approach to encoding the Nernst brane in terms of the Schrödinger symmetry group of the holographically dual field theory.
d=4 Black Hole Attractors in N=2 Supergravity with Fayet-Iliopoulos Terms
Bellucci, S; Marrani, A; Yeranyan, A
2008-01-01
We generalize the description of the d=4 Attractor Mechanism based on an effective black hole (BH) potential to the presence of a gauging which does not modify the derivatives of the scalars and does not involve hypermultiplets. The obtained results do not rely necessarily on supersymmetry, and they can be extended to d>4, as well. Thence, we work out the example of the stu model of N=2 supergravity in the presence of Fayet-Iliopoulos terms, for the supergravity analogues of the magnetic and D0-D6 BH charge configurations, and in three different symplectic frames: the SO(1,1)^{2}, SO(2,2) covariant and SO(8)-truncated ones. The attractive nature of the critical points, related to the semi-positive definiteness of the Hessian matrix, is also studied.
The goldstino brane, the constrained superfields and matter in N=1 supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bandos, Igor [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,P.O. Box 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science,48011, Bilbao (Spain); Heller, Markus [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei' , Università degli Studi di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Institut für Theoretische Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität,Philosophenweg 19, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Kuzenko, Sergei M. [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia); Martucci, Luca [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei' , Università degli Studi di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); INFN - Sezione di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Sorokin, Dmitri [INFN - Sezione di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei' , Università degli Studi di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)
2016-11-21
We show that different (brane and constrained superfield) descriptions for the Volkov-Akulov goldstino coupled to N=1, D=4 supergravity with matter produce similar wide classes of models with spontaneously broken local supersymmetry and discuss the relation between the different formulations. As with the formulations with irreducible constrained superfields, the geometric goldstino brane approach has the advantage of being manifestly off-shell supersymmetric without the need to introduce auxiliary fields. It provides an explicit solution of the nilpotent superfield constraints and avoids issues with non-Gaussian integration of auxiliary fields. We describe general couplings of the supersymmetry breaking sector, including the goldstino and other non-supersymmetric matter, to supergravity and matter supermultiplets. Among various examples, we discuss a goldstino brane contribution to the gravitino mass term and the supersymmetrization of the anti-D3-brane contribution to the effective theory of type IIB warped flux compactifications.
Non-BPS Attractors in 5d and 6d Extended Supergravity
Andrianopoli, L; Marrani, A; Trigiante, M
2008-01-01
We connect the attractor equations of a certain class of N=2, d=5 supergravities with their (1,0), d=6 counterparts, by relating the moduli space of non-BPS d=5 black hole/black string attractors to the moduli space of extremal dyonic black string d=6 non-BPS attractors. For d = 5 real special symmetric spaces and for N = 4,6,8 theories, we explicitly compute the flat directions of the black object potential corresponding to vanishing eigenvalues of its Hessian matrix. In the case N = 4, we study the relation to the (2,0), d=6 theory. We finally describe the embedding of the N=2, d=5 magic models in N=8, d=5 supergravity as well as the interconnection among the corresponding charge orbits.
The Goldstino Brane, the Constrained Superfields and Matter in N=1 Supergravity
Bandos, Igor; Kuzenko, Sergei M; Martucci, Luca; Sorokin, Dmitri
2016-01-01
We show that different (brane and constrained superfield) descriptions for the Volkov-Akulov goldstino coupled to N=1, D=4 supergravity with matter produce similar wide classes of models with spontaneously broken local supersymmetry and discuss the relation between the different formulations. As with the formulations with irreducible constrained superfields, the geometric goldstino brane approach has the advantage of being manifestly off-shell supersymmetric without the need to introduce auxiliary fields. It provides an explicit solution of the nilpotent superfield constraints and avoids issues with non-Gaussian integration of auxiliary fields. We describe general couplings of the supersymmetry breaking sector, including the goldstino and other non-supersymmetric matter, to supergravity and matter supermultiplets. Among various examples, we discuss a goldstino brane contribution to the gravitino mass term and the supersymmetrization of the anti-D3-brane contribution to the effective theory of type IIB warped ...
Thermodynamics of spinning AdS4 black holes in gauged supergravity
Toldo, Chiara
2016-01-01
In this paper we study the thermodynamics of rotating black hole solutions arising from four-dimensional gauged N=2 supergravity. We analyze two different supergravity models, characterized by prepotentials $F = -i X^0 X^1$ and $F= -2i \\sqrt{X^0 (X^1)^3}$. The black hole configurations are supported by electromagnetic charges and scalar fields with different kinds of boundary conditions. We perform our analysis in the canonical ensemble, where we find a first order phase transition for a suitable range of charges and angular momentum. We perform the thermodynamic stability check on the configurations. Using the holographic dictionary we interpret the phase transition in terms of expectation values of operators in the dual field theory, which pertains to the class of ABJM theories living on a rotating Einstein universe. We extend the analysis to dyonic configurations as well. Lastly, we show the computation of the on-shell action and mass via holographic renormalization techniques.
Gravitational duality in General Relativity and Supergravity theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dehouck, F. [Service de physique mathematique et interactions fondamentales. Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Campus Plaine CP-231, 1050 Bruxelles (Belgium)
2011-07-15
We quickly review the current status of gravitational duality in General Relativity. We summarize and comment some recent work on constructing dual (topological) charges and understanding how this duality acts in supergravity theories.
Forced Fluid Dynamics from Blackfolds in General Supergravity Backgrounds
Armas, Jay; Niarchos, Vasilis; Obers, Niels A; Pedersen, Andreas Vigand
2016-01-01
We present a general treatment of the leading order dynamics of the collective modes of charged dilatonic $p$-brane solutions of (super)gravity theories in arbitrary backgrounds. To this end we employ the general strategy of the blackfold approach which is based on a long-wavelength derivative expansion around an exact or approximate solution of the (super)gravity equations of motion. The resulting collective mode equations are formulated as forced hydrodynamic equations on dynamically embedded hypersurfaces. We derive them in full generality (including all possible asymptotic fluxes and dilaton profiles) in a far-zone analysis of the (super)gravity equations and in representative examples in a near-zone analysis. An independent treatment based on the study of external couplings in hydrostatic partition functions is also presented. Special emphasis is given to the forced collective mode equations that arise in type IIA/B and eleven-dimensional supergravities, where besides the standard Lorentz force couplings...
Inoenue-Wigner contraction and D = 2 + 1 supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Concha, P.K.; Rodriguez, E.K. [Universidad Adolfo Ibanez, Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales, Vina del Mar (Chile); Universidad Austral de Chile, Instituto de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas, Valdivia (Chile); Fierro, O. [Universidad Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion, Departamento de Matematica y Fisica Aplicadas, Concepcion (Chile)
2017-01-15
We present a generalization of the standard Inoenue-Wigner contraction by rescaling not only the generators of a Lie superalgebra but also the arbitrary constants appearing in the components of the invariant tensor. The procedure presented here allows one to obtain explicitly the Chern-Simons supergravity action of a contracted superalgebra. In particular we show that the Poincare limit can be performed to a D = 2 + 1 (p,q) AdS Chern-Simons supergravity in presence of the exotic form. We also construct a new three-dimensional (2,0) Maxwell Chern-Simons supergravity theory as a particular limit of (2,0) AdS-Lorentz supergravity theory. The generalization for N = p + q gravitinos is also considered. (orig.)
Gauged supergravities from Bianchi's group manifolds
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bergshoeff, Eric [Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Gran, Ulf [Department of Mathematics, King' s College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom); Linares, Roman [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, AP 55-534, Mexico, DF, cp 09340 (Mexico); Nielsen, Mikkel [Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); OrtIn, Tomas [Instituto de FIsica Teorica, C-XVI, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Roest, Diederik [Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands)
2004-05-21
We construct maximal D = 8 gauged supergravities by the reduction of D 11 supergravity over three-dimensional group manifolds. Such manifolds are classified into two classes, A and B, and eleven types. This Bianchi classification carries over to the gauged supergravities. The class A theories have 1/2 BPS domain wall solutions that uplift to purely gravitational solutions consisting of 7D Minkowski and a 4D Euclidean geometry. These geometries are generically singular. The two regular exceptions correspond to the near-horizon limit of the single- or double-centre Kaluza-Klein monopole. In contrast, the class B supergravities are defined by a set of equations of motion that cannot be integrated to an action and allow for no 1/2 BPS domain walls.
Spencer cohomology and eleven-dimensional supergravity
Figueroa-O'Farrill, José
2015-01-01
We recover the classification of the maximally supersymmetric bosonic backgrounds of eleven-dimensional supergravity by Lie algebraic means. We classify all filtered deformations of the $\\mathbb Z$-graded subalgebras $\\mathfrak{h}=\\mathfrak{h}_{-2}\\oplus\\mathfrak{h}_{-1}\\oplus\\mathfrak{h}_{0}$ of the Poincar\\'e superalgebra $\\mathfrak{g}=\\mathfrak{g}_{-2}\\oplus\\mathfrak{g}_{-1}\\oplus\\mathfrak{g}_{0}=V\\oplus S\\oplus \\mathfrak{so}(V)$ which differ only in zero degree, that is $\\mathfrak{h}_0\\subset\\mathfrak{g}_0$ and $\\mathfrak{h}_j=\\mathfrak{g}_j$ for $j<0$. Aside from the Poincar\\'e superalgebra itself and its $\\mathbb Z$-graded subalgebras, there are only three other Lie superalgebras, which are the symmetry superalgebras of the non-flat maximally supersymmetric backgrounds. In passing we identify the gravitino variation with (a component of) a Spencer cocycle.
Supergravity Dual of Noncommutative N=1 SYM
Mateos, T; Talavera, P
2003-01-01
We construct the noncommutative deformation of the Maldacena-Nunez supergravity solution. The background describes a bound state of D5-D3 branes wrapping an S^2 inside a Calabi-Yau three-fold, and in the presence of a magnetic B-field. The dual field theory in the IR is an N=1 U(N) SYM theory with spatial noncommutativity. We show that the massive Kaluza-Klein states decouple and that UV/IR mixing seems to be visible in our solution. By calculating the quark-antiquark potential via the Wilson loop we show confinement in the IR and strong repulsion at closer distances. We also compute the beta-function and show that it coincides with the recently calculated commutative one.
BPS brane cosmology in N=2 supergravity
Emam, Moataz H
2015-01-01
We study the embedding of flat BPS 3-branes in five dimensional N=2 supergravity theory. We derive the branes' dynamical equations as well as general expressions for the hypermultiplet fields then focus on a single brane and study its time evolution. It is shown that the brane's Hubble parameter correlates with the moduli of the underlying manifold's complex structure. For certain particular solutions, the moduli seem to exhibit an instability; being large valued at early times then rapidly decaying to either zero or some convergent constant value. The possibility of extending these results to the cosmology of our universe is implied and briefly discussed. Our results are in line with the production and decay of heavy moduli in the early universe, as is currently believed in the literature.
Towards Holographic Renormalization of Fake Supergravity
Borodatchenkova, Natalia; Mueck, Wolfgang
2008-01-01
A step is made towards generalizing the method of holographic renormalization to backgrounds which are not asymptotically AdS, corresponding to a dual gauge theory which has logarithmically running couplings even in the ultraviolet. A prime example is the background of Klebanov-Strassler (KS). In particular, a recipe is given how to calculate renormalized two-point functions for the operators dual to the bulk scalars. The recipe makes use of gauge-invariant variables for the fluctuations around the background and works for any bulk theory of the fake supergravity type. It elegantly incorporates the renormalization scheme dependence of local terms in the correlators. Before applying the method to the KS theory, it is verified that known results in asymptotically AdS backgrounds are reproduced. Finally, some comments on the calculation of renormalized vacuum expectation values are made.
Motivating College Students: A Model Based on Empirical Evidence.
Tuckman, Bruce W.
1991-01-01
Students in an educational psychology course were offered the opportunity to earn a grade bonus by writing test items on content to be covered the following week. Results show both internal (student) and external (manipulable) factors had considerable influence on effort and persistence. A classroom procedure to enhance student motivation is…
Exploring Student Persistence in STEM Programs: A Motivational Model
Simon, Rebecca A.; Aulls, Mark W.; Dedic, Helena; Hubbard, Kyle; Hall, Nathan C.
2015-01-01
To address continually decreasing enrollment and rising attrition in post-secondary STEM degree (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) programs, particularly for women, the present study examines the utility of motivation and emotion variables to account for persistence and achievement in science in male and female students…
E-Learning and Social Media Motivation Factor Model
Rosli, Mohd Shafie; Saleh, Nor Shela; Aris, Baharuddin; Ahmad, Maizah Hura; Sejzi, Abbas Abjoli; Shamsudin, Nur Amalina
2016-01-01
The aims of this study are to probe into the motivational factors toward the usage of e-learning and social media among educational technology postgraduate students in the Faculty of Education, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. This study had involved 70 respondents via the means of a questionnaire. Four factors have been studied, named, the factor…
Hidden symmetries of black holes in five-dimensional supergravity
Chow, David D K
2016-01-01
We consider a general charged, rotating black hole in five-dimensional STU supergravity, and show that its six-dimensional Kaluza-Klein lift admits a Killing-Yano 3-form with torsion. This underlies its known Killing tensors in five dimensions. In the generalization to gauged supergravity, we present a five-dimensional Killing-Yano 3-form with torsion when two of the gauge fields are equal, and a Killing-Stackel tensor in the general 3-charge Wu solution.
Amplitudes and Ultraviolet Behavior of N = 8 Supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bern, Zvi; /UCLA; Carrasco, John Joseph; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Dixon, Lance J.; /SLAC /CERN; Johansson, Henrik; /Saclay, SPhT; Roiban, Radu; /Penn State U.
2011-05-20
In this contribution we describe computational tools that permit the evaluation of multi-loop scattering amplitudes in N = 8 supergravity, in terms of amplitudes in N = 4 super-Yang-Mills theory. We also discuss the remarkable ultraviolet behavior of N = 8 supergravity, which follows from these amplitudes, and is as good as that of N = 4 super-Yang-Mills theory through at least four loops.
[The social-cognitive model of achievement motivation in physical education].
González-Cutre Coll, David; Sicilia Camacho, Alvaro; Moreno Murcia, Juan A
2008-11-01
Our objective in this study was to test the new social-cognitive model of achievement motivation in a physical education setting. Research was conducted on a sample of 895 physical education students, ages 12 to 16 years. We measured perception of the motivational climate conveyed by the teacher, implicit beliefs of ability, perceived competence, 2 x 2 achievement goals and self-determined motivation. We carried out structural equation modeling to analyse the relationships among variables. Results showed that task climate positively predicted incremental belief, whereas ego climate positively predicted entity belief. Both climates positively predicted perceived competence. Incremental belief positively predicted mastery-approach goals, performance-approach goals and avoidance goals, whereas entity belief positively predicted performance-approach goals and avoidance goals. Perceived competence positively predicted mastery-approach and performance-approach goals. Mastery-approach goal positively predicted self-determined motivation, whereas performance-approach goal and avoidance goals negatively predicted self-determined motivation.
Superstring amplitudes as a Mellin transform of supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Stieberger, Stephan, E-mail: stephan.stieberger@mpp.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Werner-Heisenberg-Institut, 80805 München (Germany); Taylor, Tomasz R. [Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States)
2013-08-01
At the tree level, the maximally helicity violating amplitudes of N gauge bosons in open superstring theory and of N gravitons in supergravity are known to have simple representations in terms of tree graphs. For superstrings, the graphs encode integral representations of certain generalized Gaussian hypergeometric functions of kinematic invariants while for supergravity, they represent specific kinematic expressions constructed from spinor-helicity variables. We establish a superstring/supergravity correspondence for this class of amplitudes, by constructing a mapping between the positions of gauge boson vertices at the disk boundary and the helicity spinors associated to gravitons. After replacing vertex positions by a larger set of (N(N−3))/2 coordinates, the superstring amplitudes become (multiple) Mellin transforms of supergravity amplitudes, from the projective space into the dual Mellin space of (N(N−3))/2 kinematic invariants. Similarly, inverse Mellin transforms transmute open superstrings into supergravity. We elaborate on the properties of multiple Mellin and inverse Mellin transforms in the framework of superstring/supergravity correspondence.
N=2 AdS supergravity and supercurrents
Butter, Daniel
2011-01-01
We consider the minimal off-shell formulation for four-dimensional N=2 supergravity with a cosmological term, in which the second compensator is an improved tensor multiplet. We use it to derive a linearized supergravity action (and its dual versions) around the anti-de Sitter (AdS) background in terms of three N=2 off-shell multiplets: an unconstrained scalar superfield, vector and tensor multiplets. This allows us to deduce the structure of the supercurrent multiplet associated with those supersymmetric theories which naturally couple to the supergravity formulation chosen, with or without a cosmological term. Finally, our linearized N=2 AdS supergravity action is reduced to N=1 superspace. The result is a sum of two N=1 linearized actions describing (i) old minimal supergravity; and (ii) an off-shell massless gravitino multiplet. We also derive dual formulations for the massless N=1 gravitino multiplet in AdS. As a by-product of our consideration, we derive the consistent supergravity extension of the N=1 ...
Constraints on modular inflation in supergravity and string theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Covi, L.; Palma, G.A. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Gomez-Reino, M. [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Gross, C. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Louis, J. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik]|[Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Zentrum fuer Mathematische Physik; Scrucca, C.A. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL) (Switzerland). Inst. de Theorie des Phenomenes Physiques
2008-06-15
We perform a general algebraic analysis on the possibility of realising slow-roll inflation in the moduli sector of string models. This problem turns out to be very closely related to the characterisation of models admitting metastable vacua with non-negative cosmological constant. In fact, we show that the condition for the existence of viable inflationary trajectories is a deformation of the condition for the existence of metastable de Sitter vacua. This condition depends on the ratio between the scale of inflation and the gravitino mass and becomes stronger as this parameter grows. After performing a general study within arbitrary supergravity models, we analyse the implications of our results in several examples. More concretely, in the case of heterotic and orientifold string compactifications on a Calabi-Yau in the large volume limit we show that there may exist fully viable models, allowing both for inflation and stabilisation. Additionally, we show that subleading corrections breaking the no-scale property shared by these models always allow for slow-roll inflation but with an inflationary scale suppressed with respect to the gravitino scale. A scale of inflation larger than the gravitino scale can also be achieved under more restrictive circumstances and only for certain types of compactifications. (orig.)
Higher derivative corrections to BPS black hole attractors in 4d gauged supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hristov, Kiril [Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Tsarigradsko Chaussee 72, 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Katmadas, Stefanos [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano-Bicocca,I-20126 Milano (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Milano-Bicocca,I-20126 Milano (Italy); Lodato, Ivano [Department of Physics, IISER Pune,Homi Bhaba Road, Pashan, Pune (India)
2016-05-30
We analyze BPS black hole attractors in 4d gauged supergravity in the presence of higher derivative supersymmetric terms, including a Weyl-squared-type action, and determine the resulting corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. The near-horizon geometry AdS{sub 2}×S{sup 2} (or other Riemann surface) preserves half of the supercharges in N=2 supergravity with Fayet-Iliopoulos gauging. We derive a relation between the entropy and the black hole charges that suggests via AdS/CFT how subleading corrections contribute to the supersymmetric index in the dual microscopic picture. Depending on the model, the attractors are part of full black hole solutions with different asymptotics, such as Minkowski, AdS{sub 4}, and hvLif{sub 4}. We give explicit examples for each of the asymptotic cases and comment on the implications. Among other results, we find that the Weyl-squared terms spoil the exact two-derivative relation to non-BPS asymptotically flat black holes in ungauged supergravity.
Higher derivative corrections to BPS black hole attractors in 4d gauged supergravity
Hristov, Kiril; Lodato, Ivano
2016-01-01
We analyze BPS black hole attractors in 4d gauged supergravity in the presence of higher derivative supersymmetric terms, including a Weyl-squared-type action, and determine the resulting corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. The near-horizon geometry AdS$_2 \\times$S$^2$ (or other Riemann surface) preserves half of the supercharges in $N=2$ supergravity with Fayet-Iliopoulos gauging. We derive a relation between the entropy and the black hole charges that suggests via AdS/CFT how subleading corrections contribute to the supersymmetric index in the dual microscopic picture. Depending on the model, the attractors are part of full black hole solutions with different asymptotics, such as Minkowski, AdS$_4$, and hvLif$_4$. We give explicit examples for each of the asymptotic cases and comment on the implications. Among other results, we find that the Weyl-squared terms spoil the exact two-derivative relation to non-BPS asymptotically flat black holes in ungauged supergravity.
Mennes, M.A.
2016-01-01
In using a fundamentally different approach to theory formation, a new Model of Motivation is presented and tested through empirical research in various studies. Motivation is assumed to evolve around an objective and to proceed in twenty-four consecutive ‘stages’ that can be organized according to
Mennes, M.A.
2016-01-01
In using a fundamentally different approach to theory formation, a new Model of Motivation is presented and tested through empirical research in various studies. Motivation is assumed to evolve around an objective and to proceed in twenty-four consecutive ‘stages’ that can be organized according to
A model of motivational orientation for youth sport: some preliminary work.
Wong, E H; Bridges, L J
1995-01-01
This project was an attempt to test a model of motivational orientation in the youth sport setting. Although previous developmental work in this area had examined a number of intra- and interpersonal variables thought to influence children's motivational orientation, few studies have tested an integrated model. Questionnaires assessing perceived competence, perceived control, competitive trait anxiety, and motivational orientation were completed by 108 boys. Additionally, 12 coaches were observed for two games in order to record coaching behaviors during competition. The model tested demonstrated an excellent fit of data. In particular, the model showed that both coaching behaviors and children's trait anxiety causally influenced perception of control. Moreover, perceived control causally determined both perceived competence and motivational orientation. Lastly, the influence of coaching behavior and trait anxiety on perceived competence were mediated by perceived control. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Longitudinal Effects of Student-Perceived Classroom Support on Motivation – A Latent Change Model
Lazarides, Rebecca; Raufelder, Diana
2017-01-01
This two-wave longitudinal study examined how developmental changes in students’ mastery goal orientation, academic effort, and intrinsic motivation were predicted by student-perceived support of motivational support (support for autonomy, competence, and relatedness) in secondary classrooms. The study extends previous knowledge that showed that support for motivational support in class is related to students’ intrinsic motivation as it focused on the developmental changes of a set of different motivational variables and the relations of these changes to student-perceived motivational support in class. Thus, differential classroom effects on students’ motivational development were investigated. A sample of 1088 German students was assessed in the beginning of the school year when students were in grade 8 (Mean age = 13.70, SD = 0.53, 54% girls) and again at the end of the next school year when students were in grade 9. Results of latent change models showed a tendency toward decline in mastery goal orientation and a significant decrease in academic effort from grade 8 to 9. Intrinsic motivation did not decrease significantly across time. Student-perceived support of competence in class predicted the level and change in students’ academic effort. The findings emphasized that it is beneficial to create classroom learning environments that enhance students’ perceptions of competence in class when aiming to enhance students’ academic effort in secondary school classrooms.
Bagøien, Tor Egil; Halvari, Hallgeir
2005-02-01
Students in upper secondary school (N = 231, M = 16.6 yr., SD = 1.6) were tested on involvement in physical activity, perceived sport competence, using the Perceived Competence Scale of Harter, and motivational regulation on the Self-regulation Questionnaire of Ryan and Connell. Correlations were positive among involvement in physical activity, autonomous motivation, and perceived sport competence. A hypothetical model indicated that autonomous motivation mediates the relation between perceived sport competence and involvement in physical activity. Although LISREL analysis supported this mediation, the best model fit of the data supported a structural model with involvement in physical activity (R2 = .63) to mediate between autonomous motivation and perceived competence (R2 = .47). Results are interpreted and discussed in terms of self-determination theory.
Experimental aspects of $SU(5) X U(1)$ supergravity
López, J L; Park, G T; Wang, X; Zichichi, Antonino
1994-01-01
We study various aspects of $SU(5)\\times U(1)$ supergravity as they relate to the experimental verification or falsification of this model. We consider two string-inspired, universal, one-parameter, no-scale soft-supersymmetry-breaking scenarios, driven by the $F$-terms of the moduli and dilaton fields. The model is described in terms of the supersymmetry mass scale (\\ie, the chargino mass $m_{\\chi^\\pm_1}$), $\\tan\\beta$, and the top-quark mass. We first determine the combined effect on the parameter space of all presently available direct and indirect experimental constraints, including the LEP lower bounds on sparticle and Higgs-boson masses, the $b\\to s\\gamma$ rate, the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, the high-precision electroweak parameters $\\epsilon_1,\\epsilon_b$ (which imply $m_t\\lsim180\\GeV$), and the muon fluxes in underground detectors (neutrino telescopes). For the still-allowed points in $(m_{\\chi^\\pm_1},\\tan\\beta)$ parameter space, we re-evaluate the experimental situation at the Tevatron, ...
Hertog, Thomas
2004-12-01
We review some properties of N=8 gauged supergravity in four dimensions with modified, but AdS invariant boundary conditions on the m2 = -2 scalars. There is a one-parameter class of asymptotic conditions on these fields and the metric components, for which the full AdS symmetry group is preserved. The generators of the asymptotic symmetries are finite, but acquire a contribution from the scalar fields. For a large class of such boundary conditions, we find there exist black holes with scalar hair that are specified by a single conserved charge. Since Schwarschild-AdS is a solution too for all boundary conditions, this provides an example of black hole non-uniqueness. We also show there exist solutions where smooth initial data evolve to a big crunch singularity. This opens up the possibility of using the dual conformal field theory to obtain a fully quantum description of the cosmological singularity, and we report on a preliminary study of this.
Higher-Derivative Supergravity and Moduli Stabilization
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ciupke, David; Westphal, Alexander [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany). Theory Group; Louis, Jan [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Fachberich Physik; Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Zentrum fuer Mathematische Physik
2015-05-15
We review the ghost-free four-derivative terms for chiral superfields in N=1 supersymmetry and supergravity. These terms induce cubic polynomial equations of motion for the chiral auxiliary fields and correct the scalar potential. We discuss the different solutions and argue that only one of them is consistent with the principles of effective field theory. Special attention is paid to the corrections along flat directions which can be stabilized or destabilized by the higher-derivative terms. We then compute these higher-derivative terms explicitly for the type IIB string compactified on a Calabi-Yau orientifold with fluxes via Kaluza-Klein reducing the (α'){sup 3}R{sup 4} corrections in ten dimensions for the respective N=1 Kaehler moduli sector. We prove that together with flux and the known (α'){sup 3}-corrections the higher-derivative term stabilizes all Calabi-Yau manifolds with positive Euler number, provided the sign of the new correction is negative.
Localized (Super)Gravity and Cosmological Constant
Kakushadze, Z
2000-01-01
We consider localization of gravity in domain wall solutions of Einstein's gravity coupled to a scalar field with a generic potential. We discuss conditions on the scalar potential such that domain wall solutions are non-singular. Such solutions even exist for appropriate potentials which have no minima at all and are unbounded below. Domain walls of this type have infinite tension, while usual kink type of solutions interpolating between two AdS minima have finite tension. Non-singular domain walls with infinite tension might a priori avoid recent ``no-go'' theorems indicating impossibility of supersymmetric embedding of kink type of domain walls in gauged supergravity. We argue that (non-singular) domain walls are stable even if they have infinite tension. This is essentially due to the fact that localization of gravity in smooth domain walls is a Higgs mechanism corresponding to a spontaneous breakdown of translational invariance. We point out that if the scalar potential has no minima and approaches finit...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yao Xiong
2015-09-01
Full Text Available Students who are enrolled in MOOCs tend to have different motivational patterns than fee-paying college students. A majority of MOOC students demonstrate characteristics akin more to "tourists" than formal learners. As a consequence, MOOC students’ completion rate is usually very low. The current study examines the relations among student motivation, engagement, and retention using structural equation modeling and data from a Penn State University MOOC. Three distinct types of motivation are examined: intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and social motivation. Two main hypotheses are tested: (a motivation predicts student course engagement; and (b student engagement predicts their retention in the course. The results show that motivation is significantly predictive of student course engagement. Furthermore, engagement is a strong predictor of retention. The findings suggest that promoting student motivation and monitoring individual students’ online activities might improve course retention
Black Holes in Supergravity with Applications to String Theory
Shahbazi, C S
2013-01-01
This thesis is devoted to the study of black hole solutions in ungauged four-dimensional extended Supergravity. We characterize the most general spherically symmetric and static black-hole solution of ungauged Supergravity, and use the result to study the hidden conformal symmetries of Supergravity black holes, obtaining the full Virasoro algebra of the dual conformal field theory. We obtain also all the supersymmetric black-hole metrics of all extended Supergravities using the properties of the groups of Type E7. We introduce the H-F.G.K. formalism, which simplifies the construction of non-supersymmetric black-hole solutions in N=2 Supergravity, and apply it to a class of theories corresponding to Type-IIA String Theory compactified on a Calabi-Yau threefold. As a result we obtain the so-called "quantum" black holes, which only exist when certain quantum corrections (perturbative or non-perturbative, depending on the solution) are included in the prepotential. For the case of non-perturbative black holes, we...
Applying an expectancy-value model to study motivators for work-task based information seeking
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sigaard, Karen Tølbøl; Skov, Mette
2015-01-01
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to operationalise and verify a cognitive motivation model that has been adapted to information seeking. The original model was presented within the field of psychology. Design/methodology/approach: An operationalisation of the model is presented based on the ...
Super-Poincarè algebras, space-times, and supergravities. II
Santi, A.; Spiro, A.
2012-03-01
The presentation of supergravity theories of our previous paper "Super-Poincarè algebras, space-times, and supergravities. I" is re-formulated in the language of Berezin-Leites-Kostant theory of supermanifolds. It is also shown that the equations of Cremmer, Julia, and Scherk's theory of 11D-supergravity are equivalent to manifestly covariant equations on a supermanifold.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rahim Badri
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Culture is s common system of believes, values and artifacts that the members of a society use it in their relations, and it transfers from one generation to another. The school culture is a system of norms, meanings and values between school members. One of STD (self-determination theory components is basic psychological needs that emphasizes on Relatedness, Competence and Autonomy to accomplish the motivation. Motivation involves the processes that energize, direct, and sustain behavior. It seems that school culture, basic psychological needs and motivation has immense effect on academic achievement. The purpose of the present research was to examine the relation between students' perceived school culture, basic psychological needs, intrinsic motivation and academic achievement in a causal model. 296 high school students (159 females and 137 males in Tabriz, north - west of Iran, participated in this research and completed the students' perceived school culture questionnaire based on Hofstede's cultural dimensions (femininity, uncertainty avoidance, collectivism and power distance, basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation. The results of the path analysis showed that fulfillment of basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation has positive effect on academic achievement. Uncertainty avoidance and power distance have also negative effect on fulfillment of psychological needs, but the influence of femininity on this variable was positive. Also, collectivism has no significant effect on it. In general, the findings showed that if school culture supports students' autonomy, they will experience fulfillment of their basic psychological needs, and attain higher intrinsic motivation and academic achievement.
Anxiety and self-disclosure: toward a motivational model.
Meleshko, K G; Alden, L E
1993-06-01
The self-disclosures of socially anxious and nonanxious Ss were compared within the framework of R. M. Arkin's (1981) motivational theory of social anxiety. Ss (N = 84 women) were paired with a confederate who disclosed at either a high or a low level of intimacy (i.e., the classic reciprocity paradigm). Consistent with R. M. Arkin's theory, anxious Ss were concerned with self-protection during the task and disclosed at a moderate level of intimacy regardless of their partner's behavior. In addition, anxious Ss did not reciprocate their partners' disclosures as well as did nonanxious Ss. The self-protective behaviors of the anxious Ss were associated with less liking and more discomfort on the part of their partners. This suggests that the adoption of self-protective strategies may elicit negative interpersonal reactions that maintain self-defeating interpersonal patterns in socially anxious people.
The Motivational Knowledge Management Model: proposal to apply it in the library sector
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Daniel López-Fernández
2016-12-01
Full Text Available In professional environments, attention paid to aspects such as supervisory styles, interpersonal relationships and workers eagerness can have a positive impact on employee motivation and, consequently, on their performance and well-being. To achieve this, knowledge management models such as those presented here can be applied. This model generates diagnoses of motivation and recommendations for improvement, both systematically and scientifically. Consequently, it is especially useful for managers and human resource departments. The proposed model can be adapted to different kinds of professional groups, including those in library and documentation services. The suitability, reliability and usefulness of the proposed model have been empirically checked through case studies with 92 students and 166 professionals. The positive results allow us to conclude that the model is effective and useful for assessing and improving motivation.
Implementing Hilltop F-term Hybrid Inflation in Supergravity
Armillis, R
2012-01-01
F-term hybrid inflation (FHI) of the hilltop type can generate a scalar spectral index, ns, in agreement with the fitting of the seven-year Wilkinson microwave anisotropy probe data by the standard power-law cosmological model with cold dark matter and a cosmological constant, LambdaCDM. We investigate the realization of this type of FHI by using quasi-canonical Kahler potentials with or without the inclusion of extra hidden-sector fields. In the first case, acceptable results can be obtained by constraining the coefficients of the quadratic and/or quartic supergravity correction to the inflationary potential and therefore a mild tuning of the relevant term of the Kahler potential is unavoidable. Possible reduction of ns without generating maxima and minima of the potential on the inflationary path is also possible in a limited region of the available parameter space. The tuning of the terms of the Kahler potential can be avoided with the adoption of a simple class of string-inspired Kahler potentials for the...
Lifshitz and Schrodinger Vacua, Superstar Resolution in Gauged Maximal Supergravities
Liu, Hai-Shan
2013-01-01
We consider the subset of gauged maximal supergravities that consists of the SO(n+1) gauge fields A^{ij} and the scalar deformation T^{ij} of the S^n in the spherical reduction of M-theory or type IIB. We focus on the Abelian Cartan subgroup and the diagonal entries of T^{ij}. The resulting theories can be viewed as the STU models with additional hyperscalars. We find that the theories with only one or two such vectors can be generalized naturally to arbitrary dimensions. The same is true for the D=4 or 5 Einstein-Maxwell theory with such a hyperscalar. The gauge fields become massive, determined by stationary points of the hyperscalars a la the analogous Abelian Higgs mechanism. We obtain classes of Lifshitz and Schrodinger vacua in these theories. The scaling exponent z turns out to be rather restricted, taking fractional or irrational numbers. Tweaking the theories by relaxing the mass parameter or making a small change of the superpotential, we find that solutions with z=2 can emerge. In a different appli...
Hairy black holes in N=2 gauged supergravity
Faedo, Federico; Nozawa, Masato
2015-01-01
We construct black holes with scalar hair in a wide class of four-dimensional N=2 Fayet-Iliopoulos gauged supergravity theories that are characterized by a prepotential containing one free parameter. Considering the truncated model in which only a single real scalar survives, the theory is reduced to an Einstein-scalar system with a potential, which admits at most two AdS critical points and is expressed in terms of a real superpotential. Our solution is static, admits maximally symmetric horizons, asymptotically tends to AdS space corresponding to an extremum of the superpotential, but is disconnected from the Schwarzschild-AdS family. The condition under which the spacetime admits an event horizon is addressed for each horizon topology. It turns out that for hyperbolic horizons the black holes can be extremal. In this case, the near-horizon geometry is AdS_2 x H^2, where the scalar goes to the other, non-supersymmetric, critical point of the potential. Our solution displays fall-off behaviours different fro...
On-Shell Diagrams for N = 8 Supergravity Amplitudes
Heslop, Paul
2016-01-01
We define recursion relations for N = 8 supergravity amplitudes using a generalization of the on-shell diagrams developed for planar N = 4 super-Yang-Mills. Although the recursion relations generically give rise to non-planar on-shell diagrams, we show that at tree-level the recursion can be chosen to yield only planar diagrams, the same diagrams occurring in the planar N = 4 theory. This implies non-trivial identities for non-planar diagrams as well as interesting relations between the N = 4 and N = 8 theories. We show that the on-shell diagrams of N = 8 supergravity obey equivalence relations analogous to those of N = 4 super-Yang-Mills, and we develop a systematic algorithm for reading off Grassmannian integral formulae directly from the on-shell diagrams. We also show that the 1-loop 4-point amplitude of N = 8 supergravity can be obtained from on-shell diagrams.
Rigid Supersymmetric Backgrounds of 3-dimensional Newton-Cartan Supergravity
Knodel, Gino; Liu, James T
2015-01-01
Recently, a non-relativistic off-shell formulation of three dimensional Newton-Cartan supergravity was proposed as the $c \\rightarrow \\infty$ limit of three dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity in arXiv:1505.02095. In the present paper we study supersymmetric backgrounds within this theory. Using integrability constraints for the non-relativistic Killing spinor equations, we explicitly construct all maximally supersymmetric solutions, which admit four supercharges. In addition to these solutions, there are $\\frac{1}{2}$-BPS solutions with reduced supersymmetry. We give explicit examples of such backgrounds and derive necessary conditions for backgrounds preserving two supercharges. Finally, we address how supersymmetric backgrounds of $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity are connected to the solutions found here in the $c \\rightarrow \\infty$ limit.
Brane induced supersymmetry breaking and de Sitter supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bandos, Igor [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, P.O. Box 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48011 Bilbao (Spain); Martucci, Luca [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); I.N.F.N. Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Sorokin, Dmitri [I.N.F.N. Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Tonin, Mario [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); I.N.F.N. Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)
2016-02-12
We obtain a four-dimensional supergravity with spontaneously broken supersymmetry allowing for de Sitter vacua by coupling a superspace action of minimal N=1, D=4 supergravity to a locally supersymmetric generalization of the Volkov-Akulov goldstino action describing the dynamics of a space-filling non-BPS 3-brane in N=1, D=4 superspace. To the quadratic order in the goldstino field the obtained action coincides with earlier constructions of supergravities with nilpotent superfields, while matching the higher-order contributions will require a non-linear redefinition of fields. In the unitary gauge, in which the goldstino field is set to zero, the action coincides with that of Volkov and Soroka. We also show how a nilpotency constraint on a chiral curvature superfield emerges in this formulation.
Conformal supergravity in three dimensions: Off-shell actions
Butter, Daniel; Novak, Joseph; Tartaglino-Mazzucchelli, Gabriele
2013-01-01
Using the off-shell formulation for N-extended conformal supergravity in three dimensions, which has recently been presented in arXiv:1305.3132, we construct superspace actions for conformal supergravity theories with N<6. For each of the cases considered, we work out the complete component action as well as the gauge transformation laws of the fields belonging to the Weyl supermultiplet. The N=1 and N=2 component actions derived coincide with those proposed by van Nieuwenhuizen and Rocek in the mid-1980s. The off-shell N=3, N=4 and N=5 supergravity actions are new results. Upon elimination of the auxiliary fields, these actions reduce to those constructed by Lindstrom and Rocek in 1989 (and also by Gates and Nishino in 1993).
Supergravity description of boost invariant conformal plasma at strong coupling
Benincasa, Paolo; Buchel, Alex; Heller, Michal P.; Janik, Romuald A.
2008-02-01
We study string theory duals of the expanding boost invariant conformal gauge theory plasmas at strong coupling. The dual supergravity background is constructed as an asymptotic late-time expansion, corresponding to equilibration of the gauge theory plasma. The absence of curvature singularities in the first few orders of the late-time expansion of the dual gravitational background unambiguously determines the equilibrium equation of state, and the shear viscosity of the gauge theory plasma. While the absence of the leading pole singularities in the gravitational curvature invariants at third order in late-time expansion determines the relaxation time of the plasma, the subleading logarithmic singularity cannot be canceled within a supergravity approximation. Thus, a supergravity approximation to a dual description of the strongly coupled boost invariant expanding plasma is inconsistent. Nevertheless we find that the relaxation time determined from the cancellation of pole singularities is quite robust.
Michou, Aikaterini; Vansteenkiste, Maarten; Mouratidis, Athanasios; Lens, Willy
2014-12-01
The hierarchical model of achievement motivation presumes that achievement goals channel the achievement motives of need for achievement and fear of failure towards motivational outcomes. Yet, less is known whether autonomous and controlling reasons underlying the pursuit of achievement goals can serve as additional pathways between achievement motives and outcomes. We tested whether mastery approach, performance approach, and performance avoidance goals and their underlying autonomous and controlling reasons would jointly explain the relation between achievement motives (i.e., fear of failure and need for achievement) and learning strategies (Study 1). Additionally, we examined whether the autonomous and controlling reasons underlying learners' dominant achievement goal would account for the link between achievement motives and the educational outcomes of learning strategies and cheating (Study 2). Six hundred and six Greek adolescent students (Mage = 15.05, SD = 1.43) and 435 university students (Mage M = 20.51, SD = 2.80) participated in studies 1 and 2, respectively. In both studies, a correlational design was used and the hypotheses were tested via path modelling. Autonomous and controlling reasons underlying the pursuit of achievement goals mediated, respectively, the relation of need for achievement and fear of failure to aspects of learning outcomes. Autonomous and controlling reasons underlying achievement goals could further explain learners' functioning in achievement settings. © 2014 The British Psychological Society.
On Fayet-Iliopoulos Terms and de Sitter Vacua in Supergravity: Some Easy Pieces
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Catino, Francesca; /Padua U. /INFN, Padua; Villadoro, Giovanni; /SLAC; Zwirner, Fabio; /Padua U. /INFN, Padua
2012-03-27
We clarify a number of issues on Fayet-Iliopoulos (FI) terms in supergravity, keeping the formalism at a minimum and making use of explicit examples. We explain why, if the U(1) vector is massive everywhere in field space, FI terms are not genuine and can always be redefined away or introduced when they are not present. We formulate a simple anomaly-free model with a genuine FI term, a classically stable de Sitter (dS) vacuum and no global symmetries. We explore the relation between N = 2 and N = 1 FI terms by discussing N = 1 truncations of N = 2 models with classically stable dS vacua.
A R^4 non-renormalisation theorem in N=4 supergravity
Tourkine, Piotr
2012-01-01
We consider the four-graviton amplitudes in CHL constructions providing four-dimensional N=4 models with various numbers of vector multiplets. We show that in these models the two-loop amplitude factorizes a d^2R^4. This implies a non-renormalisation theorem for the R^4 term, which forbids the appearance of a three-loop ultraviolet divergence in four dimensions in the four-graviton amplitude. We connect the special nature of the R^4 term to the U(1) anomaly of pure N=4 supergravity.
The b -> s gamma decay in supergravity with radiatively electroweak breaking
Díaz, M A
1994-01-01
It is analyzed the branching ratio $B(b\\rightarrow s\\gamma)$ in the context of minimal $N=1$ supergravity with radiatively broken electroweak symmetry group. There is a strong dependence on supersymetric parameters, but constraints on the charged Higgs mass in non-supersymmetric models are relaxed, due to large contribution from the chargino/up-type squark sector that interacts destructively with the Standard Model and the charged Higgs contributions. Large suppressions/enhancements of the branching fraction are found for large values of $\\tan\\beta$.
Motivation in Beyond Budgeting: A Motivational Paradox?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sandalgaard, Niels; Bukh, Per Nikolaj
In this paper we discuss the role of motivation in relation to budgeting and we analyse how the Beyond Budgeting model functions compared with traditional budgeting. In the paper we focus on budget related motivation (and motivation in general) and conclude that the Beyond Budgeting model...... is a motivational paradox....
Chakravarty, Girish Kumar; Mohanty, Subhendra
2016-01-01
Many extensions of Einstein's theory of gravity have been studied and proposed with various motivations like the quest for a quantum theory of gravity to extensions of anomalies in observations at the solar system, galactic and cosmological scales. These extensions include adding higher powers of Ricci curvature $R$, coupling the Ricci curvature with scalar fields and generalized functions of $R$. In addition when viewed from the perspective of Supergravity (SUGRA) many of these theories may originate from the same SUGRA theory interpreted in different frames. SUGRA therefore serves as a good framework for organizing and generalizing theories of gravity beyond General Relativity. All these theories when applied to inflation (a rapid expansion of early Universe in which primordial gravitational waves might be generated and might still be detectable by the imprint they left or by the ripples that persist today) can have distinct signatures in the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation temperature and polarizatio...
Science motivation by discussion and controversy (SMDC) model
Izadi, Dina; Mora Ley, César Eduardo; Ramírez Díaz, Mario Humberto
2017-05-01
Succeeding theories and empirical investigations have often been built over conceptual understanding to develop talent education. Opportunities provided by society are crucial at every point in the talent-development process. Abilities differ and can vary among boys and girls. Although they have some responsibility for their own growth and development, the educational system and psychosocial variables influence on the successful development of high levels of education. This research explores students’ attitudes to science education to establish why many disengage with the subject in class and what can be done to reverse this trend to produce unimaginable scientific and practical benefits to society. The control group is students from several schools with traditional education in Iran and the experimental group is teams who have taken part in several activities such as national and international tournaments (2005-2013). This research has two parts: 1—how innovation in teaching and 2—discussion and controversy in class can improve science education and cause motivation. The average scores are divided into 5 ranges in both experimental and traditional groups. As shown by Spearman’s correlation rank (ρ) the difference between boys’ and girls’ average scores is about (2.71) in the control group but it has decreased to (0.29) in the experimental group. The main point of discussion is on problems in class which advance a set of interrelated scientific arguments for outstanding achievement.
On moduli spaces in AdS{sub 4} supergravity
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Alwis, Senarath de [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Physics; Louis, Jan [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Fachbereich 12 - Physik; Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Zentrum fuer Mathematische Physik; McAllister, Liam [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics; Triendl, Hagen [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland). Theory Division, Physics Dept.; Westphal, Alexander [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany). Gruppe Theorie
2013-12-15
We study the structure of the supersymmetric moduli spaces of N=1 and N=2 supergravity theories in AdS{sub 4} backgrounds. In the N=1 case, the moduli space cannot be a complex submanifold of the Kaehler field space, but is instead real with respect to the inherited complex structure. In N=2 supergravity the same result holds for the vector multiplet moduli space, while the hypermultiplet moduli space is a Kaehler submanifold of the quaternionic-Kaehler field space. These findings are in agreement with AdS/CFT considerations.
Three-Loop Superfiniteness of N=8 Supergravity
Bern, Z; Dixon, L J; Johansson, H; Kosower, D A; Roiban, R
2007-01-01
We construct the three-loop four-point amplitude of N=8 supergravity using the unitarity method. The amplitude is ultraviolet finite in four dimensions. Novel cancellations, not predicted by traditional superspace power-counting arguments, render its degree of divergence in D dimensions to be no worse than that of N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory -- a finite theory in four dimensions. Similar cancellations can be identified at all loop orders in certain unitarity cuts, suggesting that N=8 supergravity may be a perturbatively finite theory of quantum gravity.
Superstring/supergravity Mellin correspondence in Grassmannian formulation
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Stieberger, Stephan, E-mail: stephan.stieberger@mpp.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Werner-Heisenberg-Institut, 80805 München (Germany); Taylor, Tomasz R. [Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States)
2013-08-09
We extend the recently established Mellin correspondence of supergravity and superstring amplitudes to the case of arbitrary helicity configurations. The amplitudes are discussed in the framework of Grassmannian varieties. We generalize Hodges's determinant to a function of two sets of independent coordinates and show that tree-level supergravity amplitudes can be obtained by contour integrations of both sets in separate Grassmannians while in superstring theory, one set of coordinates is identified with string vertex positions at the disk boundary and Mellin transformed into generalized hypergeometric functions of Mandelstam invariants.
N=2 Conformal Supergravity from Twistor-String Theory
Ahn, C
2004-01-01
A chiral superfield strength in N=2 conformal supergravity at linearized level is obtained by acting two superspace derivatives on N=4 chiral superfield strength which can be described in terms of N=4 twistor superfields. By decomposing SU(4)_R representation of N=4 twistor superfields into the SU(2)_R representation with an invariant U(1)_R charge, the surviving N=2 twistor superfields contain the physical states of N=2 conformal supergravity. These N=2 twistor superfields are functions of homogeneous coordinates of weighted complex projective space WCP^{3|4} where the two weighted fermionic coordinates have weight -1 and 3.
D-term cosmic strings from N=2 Supergravity
Achúcarro, A; Esole, M; Van Proeyen, A; Van den Bergh, J; Achucarro, Ana; Bergh, Joris Van den; Celi, Alessio; Esole, Mboyo; Proeyen, Antoine Van
2006-01-01
We describe new half-BPS cosmic string solutions in N=2, d=4 supergravity coupled to one vector multiplet and one hypermultiplet. They are closely related to D-term strings in N=1 supergravity. Fields of the N=2 theory that are frozen in the solution contribute to the triplet moment map of the quaternionic isometries and leave their trace in N=1 as a constant Fayet-Iliopoulos term. The choice of U(1) gauging and of special geometry are crucial. The construction gives rise to a non-minimal Kaehler potential and can be generalized to higher dimensional quaternionic-Kaehler manifolds.
An Alternative Construction of the Quantum Action for Supergravity
Djeghloul, N
2000-01-01
We develop a method to derive the on-shell invariant quantum action of the supergravity in such a way that the quartic ghost interaction term is explicity determined. First, we reinvestigate the simple supergravity in terms of a principal superfibre bundle. This gives rise to the closed geometrical BRST algebra. Therefore we determine the open BRST algebra, which realizes the invariance of the classical action. Then, given a prescription to build the full quantum action, we obtain the quantum BRST algebra. Together with the constructed quantum action this allows us to recover the auxiliary fields and the invariant extension of the classical action.
Self-Dual Conformal Supergravity and the Hamiltonian Formulation
Chee, G Y; Chee, Guoying; Jia, Yanhua
2001-01-01
In terms of Dirac matrices the self-dual and anti-self-dual decomposition of a conformal supergravity is given and a self-dual conformal supergravity theory is developed as a connection dynamic theory in which the basic dynamic variabes include the self-dual spin connection i.e. the Ashtekar connection rather than the triad. The Hamiltonian formulation and the constraints are obtained by using the Dirac-Bergmann algorithm. PACS numbers: 04.20.Cv, 04.20.Fy,04.65.+e
6D supergravity. Warped solution and gravity mediated supersymmetry breaking
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Luedeling, C.
2006-07-15
We consider compactified six-dimensional gauged supergravity and find the general warped solution with four-dimensional maximal symmetry. Important features of the solution such as the number and position of singularities are determined by a free holomorphic function. Furthermore, in a particular torus compactification we derive the supergravity coupling of brane fields by the Noether procedure and investigate gravity-mediated supersymmetry breaking. The effective Kaehler potential is not sequestered, yet tree level gravity mediation is absent as long as the superpotential is independent of the radius modulus. (orig.)
Engeser, Stefan; Langens, Thomas
2010-08-01
Previous research has shown that explicit motives are meaningfully related to the five-factor model of personality. The present study extends this research by using different measures of the explicit social motives of achievement, power and affiliation, and by employing measures of both approach and avoidance of these motives. Correlational and factor analyses demonstrated that explicit motives of achievement, power, and affiliation, both approach and avoidance components of these motives, can be consistently mapped onto personality trait measures of the five-factor model. Implications of this general finding, along with some exceptions, are discussed with regard to further research.
Biologically-motivated system identification: application to microbial growth modeling.
Yan, Jinyao; Deller, J R
2014-01-01
This paper presents a new method for identification of system models that are linear in parametric structure, but arbitrarily nonlinear in signal operations. The strategy blends traditional system identification methods with three modeling strategies that are not commonly employed in signal processing: linear-time-invariant-in-parameters models, set-based parameter identification, and evolutionary selection of the model structure. This paper reports recent advances in the theoretical foundation of the methods, then focuses on the operation and performance of the approach, particularly the evolutionary model determination. The method is applied to the modeling of microbial growth by Monod Kinetics.
Localized (super)gravity and cosmological constant
Kakushadze, Zurab
2000-11-01
We consider localization of gravity in domain wall solutions of Einstein's gravity coupled to a scalar field with a generic potential. We discuss conditions on the scalar potential such that domain wall solutions are non-singular. Such solutions even exist for appropriate potentials which have no minima at all and are unbounded below. Domain walls of this type have infinite tension, while usual kink type of solutions interpolating between two AdS minima have finite tension. In the latter case the cosmological constant on the domain wall is necessarily vanishing, while in the former case it can be zero or negative. Positive cosmological constant is allowed for singular domain walls. We discuss non-trivial conditions for physically allowed singularities arising from the requirement that truncating the space at the singularities be consistent. Non-singular domain walls with infinite tension might a priori avoid recent "no-go" theorems indicating impossibility of supersymmetric embedding of kink type of domain walls in gauged supergravity. We argue that (non-singular) domain walls are stable even if they have infinite tension. This is essentially due to the fact that localization of gravity in smooth domain walls is a Higgs mechanism corresponding to a spontaneous breakdown of translational invariance. As to discontinuous domain walls arising in the presence of δ-function "brane" sources, they explicitly break translational invariance. Such solutions cannot therefore be thought of as limits of smooth domain walls. We point out that if the scalar potential has no minima and approaches finite negative values at infinity, then higher derivative terms are under control, and do not affect the cosmological constant which is vanishing for such backgrounds. Nonetheless, we also point out that higher curvature terms generically delocalize gravity, so that the desired lower-dimensional Newton's law is no longer reproduced.
On the absence of BPS preonic solutions in IIA and IIB supergravities
Bandos, I A; de Azcárraga, J A; Azcarraga, Jose A. de; Bandos, Igor A.; Varela, Oscar
2006-01-01
We consider the present absence of 31 out of 32 supersymmetric solutions in supergravity i.e., of solutions describing BPS preons. A recent result indicates that (bosonic) BPS preonic solutions do not exist in type IIB supergravity. We reconsider this analysis by using the G-frame method, extend it to the IIA supergravity case, and show that there are no (bosonic) preonic solutions for type IIA either. For the classical D=11 supergravity no conclusion can be drawn yet, although the negative IIA results permit establishing the conditions that preonic solutions would have to satisfy. For supergravities with `stringy' corrections, the existence of BPS preonic solutions remains fully open.
Extremal Black Holes in Supergravity and the Bekenstein-Hawking Entropy
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R. D'Auria
2002-03-01
Full Text Available Abstract: We review some results on the connection among supergravity central charges, BPS states and Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. In particular, N = 2 super-gravity in four dimensions is studied in detail. For higher N supergravities we just give an account of the general theory specializing the discussion to the N = 8 case when one half of supersymmetry is preserved. We stress the fact that for extremal supergravity black holes the entropy formula is topological, that is the entropy turns out to be a moduli independent quantity and can be written in terms of invariants of the duality group of the supergravity theory.
A Motivational/Empowerment Model Applied to Students on Academic Probation
Kamphoff, Cindra S.; Hutson, Bryant L.; Amundsen, Scott A.; Atwood, Julie A.
2007-01-01
This article outlines a motivational/empowerment model for students on academic probation implemented at The University of North Carolina Greensboro (UNCG). The model draws from several theoretical orientations, and includes individual and group interaction as well as discussion in four key topic areas: personal responsibility, positive…
ISMS: A New Model for Improving Student Motivation and Self-Esteem in Primary Education
Ghilay, Yaron; Ghilay, Ruth
2015-01-01
In this study we introduce a new model for primary education called ISMS: Improving Student Motivation and Self-esteem. Following a two-year study undertaken in a primary school (n = 67), the new model was found to be successful. Students who participated in the research, reported that a course based on ISMS principles was very helpful for…
An Application of the Trans-Contextual Model of Motivation in Elementary School Physical Education
Ntovolis, Yannis; Barkoukis, Vassilis; Michelinakis, Evaggelos; Tsorbatzoudis, Haralambos
2015-01-01
Elementary school physical education can play a prominent role in promoting children's leisure-time physical activity. The trans-contextual model of motivation has been proven effective in describing the process through which school physical education can affect students' leisure-time physical activity. This model has been tested in secondary…
Modeling and Analysis of the Motivations of Fast Fashion Consumers in Relation to Innovativeness
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Saricam Canan
2016-12-01
Full Text Available In this study, fast fashion concept is investigated in order to understand the motivations of the consumers that make them adopt these products because of their willingness for the innovativeness. The relationship between the motivational factors which were named as “Social or status image” and “Uniqueness” as expressions of individuality, “Conformity” and the willingness for “Innovativeness” is analyzed using a conceptual model. Exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling were used to analyze and validate the model. The data used for the study was obtained from 244 people living in Turkey. The findings showed that the motivational factors “Social or status image” and “Uniqueness” as expressions of individuality are influential on the consumers’ willingness for “Innovativeness”.
Modeling the Impact of Motivation, Personality, and Emotion on Social Behavior
Miller, Lynn C.; Read, Stephen J.; Zachary, Wayne; Rosoff, Andrew
Models seeking to predict human social behavior must contend with multiple sources of individual and group variability that underlie social behavior. One set of interrelated factors that strongly contribute to that variability - motivations, personality, and emotions - has been only minimally incorporated in previous computational models of social behavior. The Personality, Affect, Culture (PAC) framework is a theory-based computational model that addresses this gap. PAC is used to simulate social agents whose social behavior varies according to their personalities and emotions, which, in turn, vary according to their motivations and underlying motive control parameters. Examples involving disease spread and counter-insurgency operations show how PAC can be used to study behavioral variability in different social contexts.
Mass spectrum in d = 11 supergravity with SU(3) x U(1)/U(1) x U(1) compactification
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Lyakhovskii-breve, V.D.; Shtykov, N.N.
1987-07-01
The mass spectrum of excited states is calculated in the model of 11-dimensional supergravity over the AdS x SU(3) x U(1)/U(1) x U(1) vacuum configuration, where the internal space is characterized by five parameters. It is shown that for certain values of the parameters the massless sector of the model exhibits an appreciable number of excitations with various spins, which are not predicted by the supersymmetry of the vacuum state.
Gottfried, Adele Eskeles; Marcoulides, George A.; Gottfried, Allen W.; Oliver, Pamella H.
2009-01-01
A longitudinal approach was used to examine the effects of parental task-intrinsic and task-extrinsic motivational practices on academic intrinsic motivation in the subject areas of math and science. Parental task-intrinsic practices comprise encouragement of children's pleasure and engagement in the learning process, whereas task-extrinsic…
Gottfried, Adele Eskeles; Marcoulides, George A.; Gottfried, Allen W.; Oliver, Pamella H.
2009-01-01
A longitudinal approach was used to examine the effects of parental task-intrinsic and task-extrinsic motivational practices on academic intrinsic motivation in the subject areas of math and science. Parental task-intrinsic practices comprise encouragement of children's pleasure and engagement in the learning process, whereas task-extrinsic…
Kushnir, Vladyslav; Godinho, Alexandra; Hodgins, David C; Hendershot, Christian S; Cunningham, John A
2016-01-01
Motivation for change and recovery from addiction has been commonly assessed using the Transtheoretical Model's stages of change. Analogous to readiness for change, this measure of motivation may not recognize other elements of motivation relevant to successful change. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between stages of change and reasons for change according to the Self-Determination Theory among problem gamblers motivated to quit. Motivations for change were examined for 200 adult problem gamblers with intent to quit in the next 6 months (contemplation stage) or 30 days (preparation stage). Analyses revealed that higher autonomous motivation for quitting gambling predicted greater likelihood of being in the preparation stage, whereas those with higher external motivation for change were less likely to be farther along the stage of change continuum. The findings suggest that autonomous motivations relate to readiness for quitting gambling, and may predict successful resolution from problem gambling.
DYNAMICS OF THE GEOMAGNETIC FIELD AND SUPERGRAVITY IN 112D
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Trunev A. P.
2016-05-01
Full Text Available The paper deals with the problem of changing the polarity of the geomagnetic field as a problem of a unified field theory and supergravity in the 112D. Investigated centrally symmetric metric depends on the radial coordinate in the observable physical space of one of the worlds. The equation that relates the magnetic field of the planet with a gravitational field in 5D has been derived. The problem of changing the polarity of the magnetic field of the Earth discussed. The rapid change of the geomagnetic field polarity detected on the basis of paleomagnetic data is modeled as a movement on a hypersphere in the 112D, which corresponds to 110 corners. The simplest example of such a movement in the case of the three angles is the Euler model that describes the rigid body rotation. In this model, there are modes with a quick flip of the body while conservation of the angular momentum. If the body has a magnetic moment, when such a change occurs flip of the magnetic field. It is assumed that the central core of the earth is magnetized and surrounded by a number of satellites, each of which has a magnetic moment. Satellites interact with a central core and one another by means of gravity and through a magnetic field. The central core may sudden flip, as in the Euler model. It is shown that the duration of phase with constant polarity and upheaval time depends on the magnitude of the disturbance torque and core asymmetry. We discuss Einstein's hypothesis about the origin of the magnetic field when rotating the neutral masses. It is shown that the motion on a hypersphere in the 112D has the effect of a magnetic field due to the interaction of nucleons in nuclei. Such magnetic field is most evident for iron, cobalt and nickel - elements are consisting of the Earth's core
Tamir, Maya; Bigman, Yochanan E; Rhodes, Emily; Salerno, James; Schreier, Jenna
2015-02-01
According to expectancy-value models of self-regulation, people are motivated to act in ways they expect to be useful to them. For instance, people are motivated to run when they believe running is useful, even when they have nothing to run away from. Similarly, we propose an expectancy-value model of emotion regulation, according to which people are motivated to emote in ways they expect to be useful to them, regardless of immediate contextual demands. For instance, people may be motivated to get angry when they believe anger is useful, even when there is nothing to be angry about. In 5 studies, we demonstrate that leading people to expect an emotion to be useful increased their motivation to experience that emotion (Studies 1-5), led them to up-regulate the experience of that emotion (Studies 3-4), and led to emotion-consistent behavior (Study 4). Our hypotheses were supported when we manipulated the expected value of anxiety (Study 1) and anger (Studies 2-5), both consciously (Studies 1-4) and unconsciously (Study 5). We discuss the theoretical and pragmatic implications of the proposed model.
Optimizing neural network models: motivation and case studies
Harp, S A; T. Samad
2012-01-01
Practical successes have been achieved with neural network models in a variety of domains, including energy-related industry. The large, complex design space presented by neural networks is only minimally explored in current practice. The satisfactory results that nevertheless have been obtained testify that neural networks are a robust modeling technology; at the same time, however, the lack of a systematic design approach implies that the best neural network models generally rem...
Phenomenological Hints from a Class of String Motivated Model Constructions
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Hans Peter Nilles
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We use string theory constructions towards the generalisation of the supersymmetric standard model of strong and electroweak interactions. Properties of the models depend crucially on the location of fields in extradimensional compact space. This allows us to extract some generic lessons for the phenomenological properties of the low energy effective action. Within this scheme we present a compelling model based on local grand unification and mirage mediation of supersymmetry breakdown. We analyse the properties of the specific model towards its possible tests at the LHC and the complementarity to direct dark matter searches.
Motivating the Knowledge Worker
2010-01-01
Herzberg . The Two - factor Theory asserts that motivators and de-motivators are mutually exclusive sets of factors . This research supports...various theories of motivation and the data collected from this effort, the author developed a two -dimensional model of the factors that motivate... Theory X/ Theory Y Two - factor Theory Cognitive Evaluation Theory Operant Conditioning Protection Motivation Theory
The self-care motivation model: theory and practice in healthy human development.
Horowitz, L G
1985-02-01
Effective health education and behavior motivation programs are needed to promote the compliance of children and young adults with preventive health care practices. Health promotion and primary prevention programs must consider the entire individual as well as his or her environment if positive behavior changes are to be maintained. This paper introduces an innovative model for self-care motivation curriculum development. The model prescribes the use of value clarification, enhanced physical/cognitive/affective awareness, positive lifestyle choices, and self-reinforcement skills training whereby individuals learn to become self-motivated and reinforcing agents for their own primary preventive health practices. It is theorized that by developing self-care and self-regulation skills, students will achieve and maintain higher levels of wellness, thus improving the quality of their lives and ensuring healthy human development.
How absent negativity relates to affect and motivation: an integrative relief model.
Deutsch, Roland; Smith, Kevin J M; Kordts-Freudinger, Robert; Reichardt, Regina
2015-01-01
The present paper concerns the motivational underpinnings and behavioral correlates of the prevention or stopping of negative stimulation - a situation referred to as relief. Relief is of great theoretical and applied interest. Theoretically, it is tied to theories linking affect, emotion, and motivational systems. Importantly, these theories make different predictions regarding the association between relief and motivational systems. Moreover, relief is a prototypical antecedent of counterfactual emotions, which involve specific cognitive processes compared to factual or mere anticipatory emotions. Practically, relief may be an important motivator of addictive and phobic behaviors, self destructive behaviors, and social influence. In the present paper, we will first provide a review of conflicting conceptualizations of relief. We will then present an integrative relief model (IRMO) that aims at resolving existing theoretical conflicts. We then review evidence relevant to distinctive predictions regarding the moderating role of various procedural features of relief situations. We conclude that our integrated model results in a better understanding of existing evidence on the affective and motivational underpinnings of relief, but that further evidence is needed to come to a more comprehensive evaluation of the viability of IRMO.
THE MOTIVATIONAL MODEL OF YOUNG JAPANESE EFL LEARNERS: AFTER GETTING LESSONS BY HOMEROOM TEACHERS
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Rie Adachi
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract: This study focuses on Japanese pupils’ motivation with other attitudinal attitudes about learning English. The writer surveyed the 5th and 6th grade pupils’ motivation and its effect factors at an elementary school in Japan at the end of the school year 2007 and 2008. The main focus of this study is to find the relationship between motivation and effect factors using both the 2007 and 2008 data and to examine differences of the pupils’ attitudes between 2007 and 2008. Since the 2008 school year, pupils have received lessons by not only an assistant language teacher (ALT but also their home room teachers (HRTs. The finding showed that the 2008 and 2007 results were similar in most valuables, but the value of “Motivation” increased in 2008 compared to the previous year. Furthermore, “people around the learner” influenced on motivation more positively. Finally, this study presented a model which could be suggested as one of the motivational models of Japanese pupils for English activities. The writer concluded that the involvement of HRTs brought about generally good effects on pupils’ attitudes in this elementary school at this point.
How Absent Negativity Relates to Affect and Motivation: An Integrative Relief Model
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Roland eDeutsch
2015-03-01
Full Text Available The present paper concerns the motivational underpinnings and behavioral correlates of the prevention or stopping of negative stimulation – a situation referred to as relief. Relief is of great theoretical and applied interest. Theoretically, it is tied to theories linking affect, emotion and motivational systems (Carver & Scheier, 1990; Gray & McNaughton, 2000; Higgins, 1997; Lang, Bradley, & Cuthbert, 1990. Importantly, these theories make different predictions regarding the association between relief and motivational systems. Moreover, relief is a prototypical antecedent of counterfactual emotions, which involve specific cognitive processes compared to factual or mere anticipatory emotions. Practically, relief may be an important motivator of addictive and phobic behaviors (Mowrer, 1951; Ostafin & Brooks, 2011, self destructive behaviors (Favazza, 1998; Franklin, Lee, Hanna, & Prinstein, 2013, and social influence (Dolinski & Nawrat, 1998. In the present paper, we will first provide a review of conflicting conceptualizations of relief. We will then present an integrative relief model (IRMO that aims at resolving existing theoretical conflicts. We then review evidence relevant to distinctive predictions regarding the moderating role of various procedural features of relief situations. We conclude that our integrated model results in a better understanding of existing evidence on the affective and motivational underpinnings of relief, but that further evidence is needed to come to a more comprehensive evaluation of the viability of IRMO.
Elander, J; Richardson, C; Morris, J; Robinson, G; Schofield, M B
2017-09-01
Motivational and behavioural models of adjustment to chronic pain make different predictions about change processes, which can be tested in longitudinal analyses. We examined changes in motivation, coping and acceptance among 78 men with chronic haemophilia-related joint pain. Using cross-lagged regression analyses of changes from baseline to 6 months as predictors of changes from 6 to 12 months, with supplementary structural equation modelling, we tested two models in which motivational changes influence behavioural changes, and one in which behavioural changes influence motivational changes. Changes in motivation to self-manage pain influenced later changes in pain coping, consistent with the motivational model of pain self-management, and also influenced later changes in activity engagement, the behavioural component of pain acceptance. Changes in activity engagement influenced later changes in pain willingness, consistent with the behavioural model of pain acceptance. Based on the findings, a combined model of changes in pain self-management and acceptance is proposed, which could guide combined interventions based on theories of motivation, coping and acceptance in chronic pain. This study adds longitudinal evidence about sequential change processes; a test of the motivational model of pain self-management; and tests of behavioural versus motivational models of pain acceptance. © 2017 European Pain Federation - EFIC®.
Discrete anomalies in supergravity and consistency of string backgrounds
Minasian, Ruben; Sasmal, Soumya; Savelli, Raffaele
2017-02-01
We examine SL(2, ℤ) anomalies in ten and eight-dimensional supergravities, the induced local counterterms and their realization in string theory. Composite connections play an important rôle in the cancellation mechanism. At the same time their global properties lead to novel non-trivial consistency constraints on compactifications.
Ultracold spherical horizons in gauged N=1, d=4 supergravity
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Meessen, Patrick, E-mail: meessenpatrick@uniovi.e [Department of Physics, University of Oviedo, Avda. Calvo Sotelo s/n, E-33007 Oviedo (Spain); Ortin, Tomas, E-mail: Tomas.Ortin@cern.c [Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Facultad de Ciencias C-XVI, C.U. Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)
2010-10-04
We show that the near-horizon limit of ultracold magnetic Reissner-Nordstroem-De Sitter black holes, whose geometry is the direct product of 2-dimensional Minkowski spacetime and a 2-sphere, preserves half of the supersymmetries of minimal R-gauged N=1, d=4 supergravity.
Well-posedness of (N = 1) classical supergravity
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Bao, D.; Choquet-Bruhat, Y.; Isenberg, J.; Yasskin, P.B.
1985-02-01
In this paper we investigate whether classical (N = 1) supergravity has a well-posed locally causal Cauchy problem. We define well-posedness to mean that any choice of initial data (from an appropriate function space) which satisfies the supergravity constraint equations and a set of gauge conditions can be continuously developed into a space-time solution of the supergravity field equations around the initial surface. Local causality means that the domains of dependence of the evolution equations coincide with those determined by the light cones. We show that when the fields of classical supergravity are treated as formal objects, the field equations are (under certain gauge conditions) equivalent to a coupled system of quasilinear nondiagonal second-order partial differential equations which is formally nonstrictly hyperbolic (in the sense of Leray--Ohya). Hence, if the fields were numerical valued, there would be an applicable existence theorem leading to well-posedness. We shall observe that well-posedness is assured if the fields are taken to be Grassmann (i.e., exterior algebra) valued, for then the second-order system decouples into the vacuum Einstein equation and a sequence of numerical valued linear diagonal strictly hyperbolic partial differential equations which can be solved successively.
Removal of Inclusions from Molten Aluminum by Supergravity Filtration
Song, Gaoyang; Song, Bo; Yang, Zhanbing; Yang, Yuhou; Zhang, Jing
2016-09-01
A new approach to removing inclusions from aluminum melt by supergravity filtration was investigated. The molten aluminum containing MgAl2O4 spinel and coarse Al3Ti particles was isothermally filtered with different gravity coefficients, different filtering times, and various filtering temperatures under supergravity field. When the gravity coefficient G ≥ 50, the alloy samples were divided automatically into two parts: the upper residue and the lower filtered aluminum. All inclusions (MgAl2O4 and Al3Ti particles) were nearly intercepted in the upper residue by filter felt with average pore size of 44.78 μm. The removal efficiencies of oxide inclusions and Al3Ti particles exceeded 98 and 90 pct, respectively, at G ≥ 50, t = 2 minutes, T = 973 K (700 °C). Besides, the yield of purified aluminum was up to 92.1 pct at G = 600, t = 2 minutes, and T = 973 K (700 °C). The calculations of centrifugal pressure indicated that supergravity filtration could effectively overcome the pressure drop without meeting the rigorous requirement of height of molten metal, especially for using the fine-pore filter medium. Moreover, cake-mode filtration was the major mechanism of supergravity filtration of molten metal in this work.