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Sample records for superconductor-insulator state proposed

  1. Disorder-induced inhomogeneities of the superconducting state close to the superconductor-insulator transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacépé, B; Chapelier, C; Baturina, T I; Vinokur, V M; Baklanov, M R; Sanquer, M

    2008-10-10

    Scanning tunneling spectroscopy at very low temperatures on homogeneously disordered superconducting titanium nitride thin films reveals strong spatial inhomogeneities of the superconducting gap Delta in the density of states. Upon increasing disorder, we observe suppression of the superconducting critical temperature Tc towards zero, enhancement of spatial fluctuations in Delta, and growth of the Delta/Tc ratio. These findings suggest that local superconductivity survives across the disorder-driven superconductor-insulator transition.

  2. Eigenfunction fractality and pseudogap state near the superconductor-insulator transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feigel'man, M V; Ioffe, L B; Kravtsov, V E; Yuzbashyan, E A

    2007-01-12

    We develop a theory of a pseudogap state appearing near the superconductor-insulator (SI) transition in strongly disordered metals with an attractive interaction. We show that such an interaction combined with the fractal nature of the single-particle wave functions near the mobility edge leads to an anomalously large single-particle gap in the superconducting state near SI transition that persists and even increases in the insulating state long after the superconductivity is destroyed. We give analytic expressions for the value of the pseudogap in terms of the inverse participation ratio of the corresponding localization problem.

  3. Nature of the superconductor-insulator transition in disordered superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubi, Yonatan; Meir, Yigal; Avishai, Yshai

    2007-10-18

    The interplay of superconductivity and disorder has intrigued scientists for several decades. Disorder is expected to enhance the electrical resistance of a system, whereas superconductivity is associated with a zero-resistance state. Although superconductivity has been predicted to persist even in the presence of disorder, experiments performed on thin films have demonstrated a transition from a superconducting to an insulating state with increasing disorder or magnetic field. The nature of this transition is still under debate, and the subject has become even more relevant with the realization that high-transition-temperature (high-T(c)) superconductors are intrinsically disordered. Here we present numerical simulations of the superconductor-insulator transition in two-dimensional disordered superconductors, starting from a microscopic description that includes thermal phase fluctuations. We demonstrate explicitly that disorder leads to the formation of islands where the superconducting order is high. For weak disorder, or high electron density, increasing the magnetic field results in the eventual vanishing of the amplitude of the superconducting order parameter, thereby forming an insulating state. On the other hand, at lower electron densities or higher disorder, increasing the magnetic field suppresses the correlations between the phases of the superconducting order parameter in different islands, giving rise to a different type of superconductor-insulator transition. One of the important predictions of this work is that in the regime of high disorder, there are still superconducting islands in the sample, even on the insulating side of the transition. This result, which is consistent with experiments, explains the recently observed huge magneto-resistance peak in disordered thin films and may be relevant to the observation of 'the pseudogap phenomenon' in underdoped high-T(c) superconductors.

  4. Electrostatic tuning of the superconductor-insulator transition in two dimensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parendo, Kevin A; Tan, K H Sarwa B; Bhattacharya, A; Eblen-Zayas, M; Staley, N E; Goldman, A M

    2005-05-20

    Superconductivity has been induced in insulating ultrathin films of amorphous bismuth using the electric field effect. The screening of the electron-electron interaction was found to increase with electron concentration in a manner correlated with the tendency towards superconductivity. This does not preclude an increase in the density of states being important in the development of superconductivity. The superconductor-insulator transition appears to belong to the universality class of the three dimensional XY model.

  5. Superconductor-Insulator Transition in Random Two-Dimensional System

    OpenAIRE

    Kasuga, Masahiko; Kurihara, Susumu

    2001-01-01

    Effect of disorder in metallic thin film is examined as a possible mechanism of the Superconductor-Insulator (S-I) transition. The critical value of disorder corresponding to the transition point is found analytically by using Matsubara-Matsuda model and Green's function method.

  6. Coulomb interaction and first-order superconductor-insulator transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syzranov, S V; Aleiner, I L; Altshuler, B L; Efetov, K B

    2010-09-24

    The superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) in regular arrays of Josephson junctions is studied at low temperatures. We derived an imaginary time Ginzburg-Landau-type action properly describing the Coulomb interaction. The renormalization group analysis at zero temperature T=0 in the space dimensionality d=3 shows that the SIT is always of the first order. At finite T, a tricritical point separates the lines of the first- and second-order phase transitions. The same conclusion holds for d=2 if the mutual capacitance is larger than the distance between junctions.

  7. Holographic Superconductor/Insulator Transition at Zero Temperature

    CERN Document Server

    Nishioka, Tatsuma; Takayanagi, Tadashi

    2009-01-01

    We analyze the five-dimensional AdS gravity coupled to a gauge field and a charged scalar field. Under a Scherk-Schwarz compactification, we show that the system undergoes a superconductor/insulator transition at zero temperature in 2+1 dimensions as we change the chemical potential. By taking into account a confinement/deconfinement transition, the phase diagram turns out to have a rich structure. We will observe that it has a similarity with the RVB (resonating valence bond) approach to high-Tc superconductors via an emergent gauge symmetry.

  8. Superconductor-Insulator Transition in a Capacitively Coupled Dissipative Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Mason, Nadya; Kapitulnik, Aharon

    2001-01-01

    We present results on disordered amorphous films which are expected to undergo a field-tuned Superconductor-Insulator Transition.The addition of a parallel ground plane in proximity to the film changes the character of the transition.Although the screening effects expected from "dirty-boson" theories are not evident,there is evidence that the ground plane couples a certain type of dissipation into the system,causing a dissipation-induced phase transition.The dissipation due to the phase trans...

  9. Terahertz Detection with Twin Superconductor-Insulator-Superconductor Tunnel Junctions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jing; WANG Ming-Jye; SHI Sheng-Cai; Hiroshi Mat-suo

    2007-01-01

    Terahertz detection with twin superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) tunnel junctions, which are connected in parallel via an inductive thin-film superconducting microstrip line, is mainly studied. Firstly, we investigate the direct-detection response of a superconducting twin-junction device by means of a Fourier transform spectrometer. Secondly, we construct a direct-detection model of twin SIS tunnel junctions. The superconducting twin-junction device is then simulated in terms of the constructed model. The simulation result is found to be in good agreement with the measured one. In addition, we observe that the direct-detection response of the device is consistent with the noise temperature behaviour.

  10. Quantum metallicity on the high-field side of the superconductor-insulator transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baturina, T I; Strunk, C; Baklanov, M R; Satta, A

    2007-03-23

    We investigate ultrathin superconducting TiN films, which are very close to the localization threshold. Perpendicular magnetic field drives the films from the superconducting to an insulating state, with very high resistance. Further increase of the magnetic field leads to an exponential decay of the resistance towards a finite value. In the limit of low temperatures, the saturation value can be very accurately extrapolated to the universal quantum resistance h/e2. Our analysis suggests that at high magnetic fields a new ground state, distinct from the normal metallic state occurring above the superconducting transition temperature, is formed. A comparison with other studies on different materials indicates that the quantum metallic phase following the magnetic-field-induced insulating phase is a generic property of systems close to the disorder-driven superconductor-insulator transition.

  11. Superconductor-insulator transition in 1-D nanowires of different lengths

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bollinger, Anthony

    2005-03-01

    It is unclear whether the superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) in thin superconducting wires is controlled by the wire's diameter, normal state resistance, or both. In order to distinguish between these possibilities we study the SIT in wires of different length. A well-defined SIT is only observed in homogeneous wires which are shorter than ˜200 nm. For these wires, the superconducting state is well described by the Langer-Ambegaokar-McCumber-Halperin theory of thermally activated phase slips whereas the insulating state can be explained by localization and electron-electron interactions in one dimension. Longer wires, though fabricated in the exact same manner, do not show a well-defined SIT and frequently display signs of non-uniformity such as double transition steps. Data obtained from resistance vs. temperature as well as differential resistance vs. bias current measurements will be presented which illustrate these observed traits.

  12. Superconductor-insulator transition in long MoGe nanowires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyunjeong; Jamali, Shirin; Rogachev, A

    2012-07-13

    The properties of one-dimensional superconducting wires depend on physical processes with different characteristic lengths. To identify the process dominant in the critical regime we have studied the transport properties of very narrow (9-20 nm) MoGe wires fabricated by advanced electron-beam lithography in a wide range of lengths, 1-25  μm. We observed that the wires undergo a superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) that is controlled by cross sectional area of a wire and possibly also by the width-to-thickness ratio. The mean-field critical temperature decreases exponentially with the inverse of the wire cross section. We observed that a qualitatively similar superconductor-insulator transition can be induced by an external magnetic field. Our results are not consistent with any currently known theory of the SIT. Some long superconducting MoGe nanowires can be identified as localized superconductors; namely, in these wires the one-electron localization length is much smaller than the length of a wire.

  13. On field effect studies and superconductor-insulator transition in high-Tc cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubuis, G.; Bollinger, A. T.; Pavuna, D.; Božović, I.

    2013-07-01

    We summarize previous field effect studies in high- T c cuprates and then discuss our method to smoothly tune the carrier concentration of a cuprate film over a wide range using an applied electric field. We synthesized epitaxial one-unit-cell thick films of La2- x Sr x CuO4 and from them fabricated electric double layer transistor devices utilizing various gate electrolytes. We were able to vary the carrier density by about 0.08 carriers per Cu atom, with the resulting change in T c of 30 K. The superconductor-insulator transition occurred at the critical resistance very close to the quantum resistance for pairs, R Q = h/(2 e)2 = 6.5 kΩ. This is suggestive of a quantum phase transition, possibly driven by quantum phase fluctuations, between a "Bose insulator" and a high- T c superconductor state.

  14. Possible field-tuned superconductor-insulator transition in high-Tc superconductors: implications for pairing at high magnetic fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiner, M A; Boebinger, G; Kapitulnik, A

    2005-03-18

    The behavior of some high temperature superconductors (HTSC), such as La(2-x)Sr(x)CuO(4) and Bi(2)Sr(2-x)La(x)CuO(6 + delta), at very high magnetic fields, is similar to that of thin films of amorphous InOx near the magnetic-field-tuned superconductor-insulator transition. Analyzing the InOx data at high fields in terms of persisting local pairing amplitude, we argue by analogy that the local pairing amplitude also persists well into the dissipative state of the HTSCs, the regime commonly denoted as the "normal state" in very high magnetic field experiments.

  15. Localized superconductivity in the quantum-critical region of the disorder-driven superconductor-insulator transition in TiN thin films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baturina, T I; Mironov, A Yu; Vinokur, V M; Baklanov, M R; Strunk, C

    2007-12-21

    We investigate low-temperature transport properties of thin TiN superconducting films in the vicinity of the disorder-driven superconductor-insulator transition. In a zero magnetic field, we find an extremely sharp separation between superconducting and insulating phases, evidencing a direct superconductor-insulator transition without an intermediate metallic phase. At moderate temperatures, in the insulating films we reveal thermally activated conductivity with the magnetic field-dependent activation energy. At very low temperatures, we observe a zero-conductivity state, which is destroyed at some depinning threshold voltage V{T}. These findings indicate the formation of a distinct collective state of the localized Cooper pairs in the critical region at both sides of the transition.

  16. Magnetic field-induced quantum superconductor-insulator transition in $Nb_{0.15}Si_{0.85}$

    OpenAIRE

    Aubin, H.; Marrache-Kikuchi, C. A.; Pourret, A.; Behnia, K.; Berge, L.; Dumoulin, L.; Lesueur, J.

    2006-01-01

    A study of magnetic-field tuned superconductor-insulator transitions in amorphous $Nb_{0.15}Si_{0.85}$ thin films shows that quantum superconductor-insulator transitions are characterized by an unambiguous signature -- a kink in the temperature profile of the critical magnetic field. Using this criterion, we show that the nature of the magnetic-field tuned superconductor-insulator transition depends on the orientation of the field with respect to the film. For perpendicular magnetic field, th...

  17. Quantum superconductor-insulator transition: implications of BKT critical behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, T; Weyeneth, S

    2013-07-31

    We explore the implications of Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) critical behavior on the two-dimensional (2D) quantum superconductor-insulator (QSI) transition driven by the tuning parameter x. Concentrating on the sheet resistance R(x,T) BKT behavior implies: an explicit quantum scaling function for R(x,T) along the superconducting branch ending at the nonuniversal critical value Rc = R(xc); a BKT-transition line T(c)(x) [proportionality] (x - x(c))(zν[overline]), where z is the dynamic exponent and ν[overline] the exponent of the zero-temperature correlation length; independent estimates of zν[overline], z and ν[overline] from the x dependence of the nonuniversal parameters entering the BKT expression for the sheet resistance. To illustrate the potential and the implications of this scenario we analyze the data of Bollinger et al (2011 Nature 472 458) taken on gate voltage tuned epitaxial films of La2-xSrxCuO4 that are one unit cell in thickness. The resulting estimates, z ~/= 3.1 and ν[overline] ~/= 0.52, indicate a clean 2D-QSI critical point where hyperscaling, the proportionality between d/λ(2)(0) and Tc, and the correspondence between the quantum phase transitions in D dimensions and the classical ones in (D + z) dimensions are violated.

  18. Site-disorder driven superconductor-insulator transition: a dynamical mean field study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamar, Naushad Ahmad; Vidhyadhiraja, N S

    2014-03-05

    We investigate the effect of site disorder on the superconducting state in the attractive Hubbard model within the framework of dynamical mean field theory. For a fixed interaction strength (U), the superconducting order parameter decreases monotonically with increasing disorder (x), while the single-particle spectral gap decreases for small x, reaches a minimum and keeps increasing for larger x. Thus, the system remains gapped beyond the destruction of the superconducting state, indicating a disorder-driven superconductor-insulator transition. We investigate this transition in depth considering the effects of weak and strong disorder for a range of interaction strengths. In the clean case, the order parameter is known to increase monotonically with increasing interaction, saturating at a finite value asymptotically for U→∞. The presence of disorder results in destruction of superconductivity at large U, thus drastically modifying the clean case behaviour. A physical understanding of our findings is obtained by invoking particle-hole asymmetry and the probability distributions of the order parameter and spectral gap.

  19. Divergence of dynamical conductivity at certain percolative superconductor-insulator transitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loh, Yen Lee; Dhakal, Rajesh; Neis, John F; Moen, Evan M

    2014-12-17

    Random inductor–capacitor (LC) networks can exhibit percolative superconductor-insulator transitions (SITs). We use a simple and efficient algorithm to compute the dynamicalconductivity σ(ω,p) of one type of LC network on large (4000 × 4000) square lattices, where δ = p − p(c) is the tuning parameter for the SIT. We confirm that the conductivity obeys a scaling form, so that the characteristic frequency scales as∝|δ|(νz) with νz ≈ 1.91, the superfluid stiffness scales as ϒ∝|δ|(t) with t ≈ 1.3, and the electric susceptibility scales as χE∝|δ|(−s) with s = 2νz − t ≈ 2.52. In the insulating state, the low-frequency dissipative conductivity is exponentially small, whereas in the superconductor, it is linear in frequency.The sign of Im σ(ω) at small ω changes across the SIT. Most importantly, we find that right at the SIT Re σ(ω) ∝ ω(t/νz−1)∝ω(−0.32), so that the conductivity diverges in the DC limit, in contrast with most other classical and quantum models of SITs.

  20. Geometric heat trapping in niobium superconductor-insulator-superconductor mixers due to niobium titanium nitride leads

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leone, B; Jackson, BD; Gao, [No Value; Klapwijk, TM

    2000-01-01

    We analyze the current-voltage characteristics of a Nb superconductor-insulator-superconductor mixer with NbTiN leads to identify the heating processes in this device. We argue that the electron-electron interaction is much faster than the electron-phonon interaction, and show that the heat flow to

  1. Direct current heating in superconductor-insulator-superconductor tunnel devices for THz mixing applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dieleman, P; Klapwijk, T.M; Kovtonyuk, S.; van de Stadt, H.

    1996-01-01

    DC heating effects in superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) tunnel junctions are studied by comparing junctions sandwiched between niobium or aluminum layers. With niobium a temperature rise of several Kelvin is observed, which is reduced by an order of magnitude by using aluminum. A simple

  2. Niobium titanium nitride-based superconductor-insulator-superconductor mixers for low-noise terahertz receivers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jackson, B.D.; De Lange, G.; Zijlstra, T.; Kroug, M.; Klapwijk, T.M.; Stern, J.A.

    2005-01-01

    Integrating NbTiN-based microstrip tuning circuits with traditional Nb superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) junctions enables the low-noise operation regime of SIS mixers to be extended from below 0.7 to 1.15 THz. In particular, mixers incorporating a NbTiN/SiO2/NbTiN microstrip tuning circ

  3. Superconductor-insulator quantum phase transition in disordered FeSe thin films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, R; Zaitsev, A G; Fuchs, D; V Löhneysen, H

    2012-06-22

    The evolution of two-dimensional electronic transport with increasing disorder in epitaxial FeSe thin films is studied. Disorder is generated by reducing the film thickness. The extreme sensitivity of the films to disorder results in a superconductor-insulator transition. The finite-size scaling analysis in the critical regime based on the Bose-glass model strongly supports the idea of a continuous quantum phase transition. The obtained value for the critical-exponent product of approximately 7/3 suggests that the transition is governed by quantum percolation. Finite-size scaling with the same critical-exponent product is also substantiated when the superconductor-insulator transition is tuned with an applied magnetic field.

  4. Reversible superconductor-insulator transition in LiTi2O4 induced by Li-ion electrochemical reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshimatsu, K; Niwa, M; Mashiko, H; Oshima, T; Ohtomo, A

    2015-11-06

    Transition metal oxides display various electronic and magnetic phases such as high-temperature superconductivity. Controlling such exotic properties by applying an external field is one of the biggest continuous challenges in condensed matter physics. Here, we demonstrate clear superconductor-insulator transition of LiTi2O4 films induced by Li-ion electrochemical reaction. A compact electrochemical cell of pseudo-Li-ion battery structure is formed with a superconducting LiTi2O4 film as an anode. Li content in the film is controlled by applying a constant redox voltage. An insulating state is achieved by Li-ion intercalation to the superconducting film by applying reduction potential. In contrast, the superconducting state is reproduced by applying oxidation potential to the Li-ion intercalated film. Moreover, superconducting transition temperature is also recovered after a number of cycles of Li-ion electrochemical reactions. This complete reversible transition originates in difference in potentials required for deintercalation of initially contained and electrochemically intercalated Li(+) ions.

  5. Superconductor-insulator transition on annealed complex networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianconi, Ginestra

    2012-06-01

    Cuprates show multiphase and multiscale complexity that has hindered physicists search for the mechanism of high T{c} for many years. Recently the interest has been addressed to a possible optimum inhomogeneity of dopants, defects, and interstitials, and the structural scale invariance of dopants detected by scanning micro-x-ray diffraction has been reported to promote the critical temperature. In order to shed light on critical phenomena on granular materials, here we propose a stylized model capturing the essential characteristics of the superconducting-insulator transition of a highly dynamical, heterogeneous granular material: the random transverse Ising model (RTIM) on annealed complex network. We show that when the networks encode for high heterogeneity of the expected degrees described by a power-law distribution, the critical temperature for the onset of the superconducting phase diverges to infinity as the power-law exponent γ of the expected degree distribution is less than 3, i.e., γinsulator transition has a maximum if γ>3 and diverges if γ<3.

  6. Field-Tuned Superconductor-Insulator Transition with and without Current Bias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bielejec, E; Wu, Wenhao

    2002-05-20

    The magnetic-field-tuned superconductor-insulator transition has been studied in ultrathin beryllium films quench condensed near 20 K. In the zero-current limit, a finite-size scaling analysis yields the scaling exponent product nuz = 1.35+/-0.10 and a critical sheet resistance, R(c), of about 1.2R(Q), with R(Q) = h/4e(2). However, in the presence of dc bias currents that are smaller than the zero-field critical currents, nuz becomes 0.75+/-0.10. This new set of exponents suggests that the field-tuned transitions with and without a dc bias current belong to different universality classes.

  7. Quantum criticality at the superconductor-insulator transition revealed by specific heat measurements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poran, S; Nguyen-Duc, T; Auerbach, A; Dupuis, N; Frydman, A; Bourgeois, Olivier

    2017-02-22

    The superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) is considered an excellent example of a quantum phase transition that is driven by quantum fluctuations at zero temperature. The quantum critical point is characterized by a diverging correlation length and a vanishing energy scale. Low-energy fluctuations near quantum criticality may be experimentally detected by specific heat, cp, measurements. Here we use a unique highly sensitive experiment to measure cp of two-dimensional granular Pb films through the SIT. The specific heat shows the usual jump at the mean field superconducting transition temperature marking the onset of Cooper pairs formation. As the film thickness is tuned towards the SIT, is relatively unchanged, while the magnitude of the jump and low-temperature specific heat increase significantly. This behaviour is taken as the thermodynamic fingerprint of quantum criticality in the vicinity of a quantum phase transition.

  8. Magnetic flux disorder and superconductor-insulator transition in nanohole thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granato, Enzo

    2016-08-01

    We study the superconductor-insulator transition in nanohole ultrathin films in a transverse magnetic field by numerical simulation of a Josephson-junction array model. Geometrical disorder due to the random location of nanoholes in the film corresponds to random flux in the array model. Monte Carlo simulation in the path-integral representation is used to determine the critical behavior and the universal resistivity at the transition as a function of disorder and average number of flux quanta per cell, fo. The resistivity increases with disorder for noninteger fo while it decreases for integer fo, and reaches a common constant value in a vortex-glass regime above a critical value of the flux disorder Dfc. The estimate of Dfc and the resistivity increase for noninteger fo are consistent with recent experiments on ultrathin superconducting films with positional disordered nanoholes.

  9. Critical exponents of dynamical conductivity in 2D percolative superconductor-insulator transitions: three universality classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karki, Pragalv; Loh, Yen Lee

    2016-11-02

    We simulate three types of random inductor-capacitor (LC) networks on [Formula: see text] square lattices. We calculate the dynamical conductivity using an equation-of-motion method in which timestep error is eliminated and windowing error is minimized. We extract the critical exponent a such that [Formula: see text] at low frequencies. The results suggest that there are three different universality classes. The [Formula: see text] model, with capacitances from each site to ground, has a  =  0.314(4). The [Formula: see text] model, with capacitances along bonds, has a  =  0. The [Formula: see text] model, with both types of capacitances, has a  =  0.304(1). This implies that classical percolative 2D superconductor-insulator transitions (SITs) generically have [Formula: see text] as [Formula: see text]. Therefore, any experiments that give a constant conductivity as [Formula: see text] must be explained in terms of quantum effects.

  10. Dynamical Conductivity across the Disorder-Tuned Superconductor-Insulator Transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mason Swanson

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available We calculate the dynamical conductivity σ(ω and the bosonic (pair spectral function P(ω from quantum Monte Carlo simulations across clean and disorder-driven superconductor-insulator transitions (SITs. We identify characteristic energy scales in the superconducting and insulating phases that vanish at the transition due to enhanced quantum fluctuations, despite the persistence of a robust fermionic gap across the SIT. Disorder leads to enhanced absorption in σ(ω at low frequencies compared to the SIT in a clean system. Disorder also expands the quantum critical region, due to a change in the universality class, with an underlying T=0 critical point with a universal low-frequency conductivity σ^{*}≃0.5(4e^{2}/h.

  11. Compact terahertz passive spectrometer with wideband superconductor-insulator-superconductor mixer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikuchi, K; Kohjiro, S; Yamada, T; Shimizu, N; Wakatsuki, A

    2012-02-01

    We developed a compact terahertz (THz) spectrometer with a superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) mixer, aiming to realize a portable and highly sensitive spectrometer to detect dangerous gases at disaster sites. The receiver cryostat which incorporates the SIS mixer and a small cryocooler except for a helium compressor has a weight of 27 kg and dimensions of 200 mm × 270 mm × 690 mm. In spite of the small cooling capacity of the cryocooler, the SIS mixer is successfully cooled lower than 4 K, and the temperature variation is suppressed for the sensitive measurement. By adopting a frequency sweeping system using photonic local oscillator, we demonstrated a spectroscopic measurement of CH(3)CN gas in 0.2-0.5 THz range.

  12. Tunneling of quasiparticles in the normal-insulator-superconductor-insulator-normal geometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidaka, Mutsuo; Ishizaka, Satoshi; Sone, Jun'ichi

    1993-12-01

    The probability of quasiparticle transmission going through a normal-insulator- superconductor-insulator-normal (NISIN) geometry is theoretically calculated using Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations to investigate the feasibility of electron devices utilizing this geometry. This new calculation is able to include a current carried by Cooper pairs by employing hole injections from the outlet which destroy Cooper pairs at the outlet super- conductor-insulator boundary. Resonant tunneling phenomena occur even if the electron kinetic energy is less than the superconducting energy gap and electron tunneling probabilities are greatly modified by the resonance. When the unevenness of the superconductor (S) width thickness is large compared with the electron wavelength in the S layer, the resonance is smeared out in averaged tunneling probabilities. Then the tunneling probabilities can be controlled by the electron kinetic energy. Applications of the NISIN geometry for superconducting transistors are also discussed.

  13. Holographic Superconductor/Insulator Transition with logarithmic electromagnetic field in Gauss-Bonnet gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Jing, Jiliang; Chen, Songbai

    2012-01-01

    The behaviors of the holographic superconductors/insulator transition are studied by introducing a charged scalar field coupled with a logarithmic electromagnetic field in both the Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet AdS black hole and soliton. For the Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet AdS black hole, we find that: i) the larger coupling parameter of logarithmic electrodynamic field $b$ makes it easier for the scalar hair to be condensated; ii) the ratio of the gap frequency in conductivity $\\omega_g$ to the critical temperature $T_c$ depends on both $b$ and the Gauss-Bonnet constant $\\alpha$; and iii) the critical exponents are independent of the $b$ and $\\alpha$. For the Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet AdS Soliton, we show that the system is the insulator phase when the chemical potential $\\mu$ is small, but there is a phase transition and the AdS soliton reaches the superconductor (or superfluid) phase when $\\mu$ larger than critical chemical potential. A special property should be noted is that the critical chemical potential is not changed...

  14. Continuous and reversible tuning of the disorder-driven superconductor-insulator transition in bilayer graphene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Gil-Ho; Jeong, Dongchan; Park, Kee-Su; Meir, Yigal; Cha, Min-Chul; Lee, Hu-Jong

    2015-08-27

    The influence of static disorder on a quantum phase transition (QPT) is a fundamental issue in condensed matter physics. As a prototypical example of a disorder-tuned QPT, the superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) has been investigated intensively over the past three decades, but as yet without a general consensus on its nature. A key element is good control of disorder. Here, we present an experimental study of the SIT based on precise in-situ tuning of disorder in dual-gated bilayer graphene proximity-coupled to two superconducting electrodes through electrical and reversible control of the band gap and the charge carrier density. In the presence of a static disorder potential, Andreev-paired carriers formed close to the Fermi level in bilayer graphene constitute a randomly distributed network of proximity-induced superconducting puddles. The landscape of the network was easily tuned by electrical gating to induce percolative clusters at the onset of superconductivity. This is evidenced by scaling behavior consistent with the classical percolation in transport measurements. At lower temperatures, the solely electrical tuning of the disorder-induced landscape enables us to observe, for the first time, a crossover from classical to quantum percolation in a single device, which elucidates how thermal dephasing engages in separating the two regimes.

  15. Critical exponents of dynamical conductivity in 2D percolative superconductor-insulator transitions: three universality classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karki, Pragalv; Loh, Yen Lee

    2016-11-01

    We simulate three types of random inductor-capacitor (LC) networks on 6000× 6000 square lattices. We calculate the dynamical conductivity using an equation-of-motion method in which timestep error is eliminated and windowing error is minimized. We extract the critical exponent a such that σ ≤ft(ω \\right)\\propto {ω-a} at low frequencies. The results suggest that there are three different universality classes. The {{L}ij}{{C}i} model, with capacitances from each site to ground, has a  =  0.314(4). The {{L}ij}{{C}ij} model, with capacitances along bonds, has a  =  0. The {{L}ij}{{C}i}{{C}ij} model, with both types of capacitances, has a  =  0.304(1). This implies that classical percolative 2D superconductor-insulator transitions (SITs) generically have σ ≤ft(ω \\right)\\to ∞ as ω \\to 0 . Therefore, any experiments that give a constant conductivity as ω \\to 0 must be explained in terms of quantum effects.

  16. Long-ranged interactions in thin TiN films at the superconductor-insulator transition?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kronfeldner, Klaus; Strunk, Christoph [Institute for Experimental and Applied Physics, University of Regensburg (Germany); Baturina, Tatyana [A.V. Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics SB RAS, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

    2015-07-01

    We measured IV-characteristics and magnetoresistance of square TiN-films in the vicinity of the disorder-tuned superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) for different sizes (5 μm to 240 μm). While the films are superconducting at zero magnetic field, at finite fields a SIT occurs. The resistance shows thermally activated behaviour on both sides of the SIT. Deep in the superconducting regime the activation energy grows linear with the sample size as expected for a size-independent critical current density. Closer to the SIT the activation energy becomes clearly size independent. On the insulating side the magnetoresistance maximum and the activation energy both grow logarithmically with sample size which is consistent with a size-limited charge BKT (Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless) scenario. In order to test for the presence of long-ranged interactions in our films, we investigate the influence of a topgate. It is expected to screen the possible long-ranged interactions as the distance of the film to the gate is much shorter than the electrostatic screening length deduced from the size-dependent activation energy.

  17. Simultaneous suppression of superfluid and resistance on approach to superconductor-insulator transition in underdoped ultrathin Ca0.3Y0.7Ba2Cu3O7 -δ films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steers, S.; Lemberger, T. R.; Draskovic, J.

    2016-09-01

    Using simple four-terminal resistance measurements and two-coil superfluid stiffness measurements, we observe an extended temperature range wherein both the superfluid density and the resistance are substantially suppressed, in some cases below experimental resolution, in severely underdoped ultrathin films of Ca0.3Y0.7Ba2Cu3O7 -δ (CaYBCO). This temperature range δ Tc , deemed the "offset," is in some films more than 1/2 of the resistive transition temperature. δ Tc scales linearly with the characteristic two-dimensional (2D) vortex unbinding temperature T2D, growing larger with underdoping upon approach to the superconductor-insulator transition. Absent in three-dimensional samples of CaYBCO, we discuss the offset in the context of a previously observed 2D quantum critical point in the vicinity of the superconductor-insulator transition, as well as in the context of intrinsic and extrinsic inhomogeneities in the superconducting state of the film.

  18. Doping controlled superconductor-insulator transition in Bi2Sr2-xLaxCaCu2O8+delta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Seongshik; Crane, Trevis A; Van Harlingen, D J; Eckstein, J N

    2006-03-17

    We show that the doping-controlled superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) in a high critical temperature cuprate system (Bi(2)Sr(2-x)La(x)CaCu(2)O(8+delta)) exhibits a fundamentally different behavior than is expected from conventional SIT. At the critical doping, the sheet resistance seems to diverge in the zero-temperature limit. Above the critical doping, the transport is universally scaled by a two-component conductance model. Below, it continuously evolves from weakly to strongly insulating behavior. The two-component conductance model suggests that a collective electronic phase-separation mechanism may be responsible for this unconventional SIT behavior.

  19. Pressure-induced superconductor-insulator transition in the spinel compound CuRh2S4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, M; Hori, J; Kurisaki, H; Okada, H; Perez Kuroki, A J; Ogita, N; Udagawa, M; Fujii, H; Nakamura, F; Fujita, T; Suzuki, T

    2003-08-15

    We performed resistivity measurements in CuRh2S4 under quasihydrostatic pressure of up to 8.0 GPa, and found a pressure-induced superconductor-insulator transition. Initially, with increasing pressure, the superconducting transition temperature T(c) increases from 4.7 K at ambient pressure to 6.4 K at 4.0 GPa, but decreases at higher pressures. With further compression, superconductivity in CuRh2S4 disappears abruptly at a critical pressure P(SI) between 5.0 and 5.6 GPa, when it becomes an insulator.

  20. Superconductor-insulator transition in La2 - xSrxCuO4 at the pair quantum resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bollinger, A T; Dubuis, G; Yoon, J; Pavuna, D; Misewich, J; Božović, I

    2011-04-28

    High-temperature superconductivity in copper oxides arises when a parent insulator compound is doped beyond some critical concentration; what exactly happens at this superconductor-insulator transition is a key open question. The cleanest approach is to tune the carrier density using the electric field effect; for example, it was learned in this way that weak electron localization transforms superconducting SrTiO(3) into a Fermi-glass insulator. But in the copper oxides this has been a long-standing technical challenge, because perfect ultrathin films and huge local fields (>10(9) V m(-1)) are needed. Recently, such fields have been obtained using electrolytes or ionic liquids in the electric double-layer transistor configuration. Here we report synthesis of epitaxial films of La(2- x)Sr(x)CuO(4) that are one unit cell thick, and fabrication of double-layer transistors. Very large fields and induced changes in surface carrier density enable shifts in the critical temperature by up to 30 K. Hundreds of resistance versus temperature and carrier density curves were recorded and shown to collapse onto a single function, as predicted for a two-dimensional superconductor-insulator transition. The observed critical resistance is precisely the quantum resistance for pairs, R(Q) = h/(2e) = 6.45 kΩ, suggestive of a phase transition driven by quantum phase fluctuations, and Cooper pair (de)localization.

  1. Superconductor-insulator Transition in La2-xSrxCuO4 at the Pair Quantum Resistance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bollinger, A.T.; Dubuis, G.; Yoon, J.; Pavuna, D.; Misewich, J.; Bozovic, I.

    2011-04-28

    High-temperature superconductivity in copper oxides arises when a parent insulator compound is doped beyond some critical concentration; what exactly happens at this superconductor-insulator transition is a key open question. The cleanest approach is to tune the carrier density using the electric field effect; for example, it was learned in this way that weak electron localization transforms superconducting SrTiO{sub 3} into a Fermi-glass insulator. But in the copper oxides this has been a long-standing technical challenge, because perfect ultrathin films and huge local fields (>10{sup 9} Vm{sup -1}) are needed. Recently, such fields have been obtained using electrolytes or ionic liquids in the electric double-layer transistor configuration. Here we report synthesis of epitaxial films of La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} that are one unit cell thick, and fabrication of double-layer transistors. Very large fields and induced changes in surface carrier density enable shifts in the critical temperature by up to 30 K. Hundreds of resistance versus temperature and carrier density curves were recorded and shown to collapse onto a single function, as predicted for a two-dimensional superconductor-insulator transition. The observed critical resistance is precisely the quantum resistance for pairs, R{sub Q} = h/(2e) = 6.45 k{Omega}, suggestive of a phase transition driven by quantum phase fluctuations, and Cooper pair (de)localization.

  2. Scaling analysis of field-tuned superconductor-insulator transition in two-dimensional tantalum thin films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Sungyu; Shin, Junghyun; Kim, Eunseong

    2017-02-20

    The superconductor-insulator (SI) transition in two-dimensional Ta thin films is investigated by controlling both film thickness and magnetic field. An intriguing metallic phase appears between a superconducting and an insulating phase within a range of film thickness and magnetic field. The temperature and electric field scaling analyses are performed to investigate the nature of the SI transition in the thickness-tuned metallic and superconducting samples. The critical exponents product of νz obtained from the temperature scaling analysis is found to be approximately 0.67 in the entire range of film thickness. On the other hand, an apparent discrepancy is measured in the product of ν(z + 1) by the electric filed analysis. The product values are found to be about 1.37 for the superconducting films and about 1.86 for the metallic films respectively. We find that the discrepancy is the direct consequence of electron heating that introduces additional dissipation channels in the metallic Ta films.

  3. Superconductor-insulator transition in quasi-one-dimensional single-crystal Nb₂PdS₅ nanowires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ning, Wei; Yu, Hongyan; Liu, Yequn; Han, Yuyan; Wang, Ning; Yang, Jiyong; Du, Haifeng; Zhang, Changjin; Mao, Zhiqiang; Liu, Ying; Tian, Mingliang; Zhang, Yuheng

    2015-02-11

    Superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) in one-dimensional (1D) nanowires attracts great attention in the past decade and remains an open question since contrasting results were reported in nanowires with different morphologies (i.e., granular, polycrystalline, or amorphous) or environments. Nb2PdS5 is a recently discovered low-dimensional superconductor with typical quasi-1D chain structure. By decreasing the wire diameter in the range of 100-300 nm, we observed a clear SIT with a 1D transport character driven by both the cross-sectional area and external magnetic field. We also found that the upper critical magnetic field (Hc2) decreases with the reduction of nanowire cross-sectional area. The temperature dependence of the resistance below Tc can be described by the thermally activated phase slip (TAPS) theory without any signature of quantum phase slips (QPS). These findings demonstrated that the enhanced Coulomb interactions with the shrinkage of the wire diameter competes with the interchain Josephson-like coupling may play a crucial role on the SIT in quasi-1D system.

  4. Nature of superconductor-insulator transition at LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} interface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohanta, N., E-mail: nmohanta@phy.iitkgp.ernet.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, W. B. 721302 (India); Taraphder, A. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, W. B. 721302 (India); Centre for Theoretical Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, W. B. 721302 (India)

    2015-05-15

    The two-dimensional electron liquid, at the interface between two band insulators LaAlO{sub 3} and SrTiO{sub 3}, exhibits novel, unconventional superconductivity below 200 mK. One of the remarkable properties of the two-dimensional superconductor is its fantastic tunability by external parameters such as gate-voltage or magnetic field. We study the superconductor to insulator transition induced by gate-voltage by employing a self-consistent, mean-field Bogoliubov-de Gennes treatment based on an effective model. We show that the non-monotonic behaviour of the superconductivity with respect to gate-voltage is intrinsically due to the Rashba spin-orbit coupling. With increasing gate-voltage both the electron concentration and Rashba spin-orbit splitting increases. Elevated electron filling boosts superconductivity whereas enhanced spin-orbit splitting annihilates electron-pairing. The non-monotonicity is a result of this competition. The device application of the superconductor-insulator transition in this interface is discussed.

  5. Zero-bias anomaly in homogeneously disordered MoGe nanowires undergoing a superconductor-insulator transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyunjeong; Rogachev, A.

    2016-12-01

    Nanowires made of superconducting Mo-Ge alloys undergo a superconductor-insulator transition when their cross-sectional area is reduced. On the insulating side of the transition, the differential resistance of the nanowires drops with voltage and displays a positive zero-bias anomaly (ZBA). To reveal the origin of this ZBA, we fabricated and studied a series of nanowires made of amorphous alloys with composition M o50G e50 . The length of wires was in the range 150 nm-11 μm and width was in the range 10-20 nm. We also fabricated and measured several more complex nanowire-based structures: (i) a nanowire gated by a nearby film electrode, (ii) a nanowire connected to film electrodes with an "adiabatically reduced" width, (iii) a nanowire with a multielectrode configuration which allowed comparison of different sections of the same nanowire, and (iv) a nanowire with different sizes of film electrodes. We found that for M o50G e50 nanowires all experimental parameters of the ZBA and their dependence on nanowire length can be explained by electron heating. Several physical processes thought to be responsible for the ZBA have been analyzed and rejected.

  6. Gate-tunable dissipation and "superconductor-insulator" transition in carbon nanotube josephson junctions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Gang; Zhang, Yong; Lau, Chun Ning

    2009-01-09

    Dissipation is ubiquitous in quantum systems, and its interplay with fluctuations is critical to maintaining quantum coherence. We experimentally investigate the dissipation dynamics in single-walled carbon nanotubes coupled to superconductors. The voltage-current characteristics display gate-tunable hysteresis, with sizes that perfectly correlate with the normal state resistance R_{N}, indicating the junction undergoes a periodic modulation between the underdamped and overdamped regimes. Surprisingly, when a device's Fermi level is tuned through a local conductance minimum, we observe a gate-controlled transition from superconductinglike to insulatinglike states, with a "critical" R_{N} value approximately 8-20 kOmega.

  7. Minimal Models for a Superconductor-Insulator Conformal Quantum Phase Transition

    CERN Document Server

    Diamantini, M Cristina

    2013-01-01

    Conformal field theories do not only classify 2D classical critical behavior but they also govern a certain class of 2D quantum critical behavior. In this latter case it is the ground state wave functional of the quantum theory that is conformally invariant, rather than the classical action. We show that the superconducting-insulating (SI) quantum phase transition in 2D Josephson junction arrays (JJAs) is a (doubled) $c=1$ Gaussian conformal quantum critical point. The quantum action describing this system is a doubled Maxwell-Chern-Simons model in the strong coupling limit. We also argue that the SI quantum transitions in frustrated JJAs realize the other possible universality classes of conformal quantum critical behavior, corresponding to the unitary minimal models at central charge $c=1-6/m(m+1)$.

  8. Examining the low energy electrodynamics of the superconductor-insulator transition in the potential topological superconductor Tl4(Tl1-xSnx)Te3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurita, N. J.; Arpino, K. A.; Koopayeh, S. M.; McQueen, T. M.; Armitage, N. P.

    The search for an intrinsic single crystal topological superconductor is one of the most dynamic areas of modern condensed matter physics. One of the best candidates of such a material is Tl5Te3 (Tc = 2 . 3 K), which previous ARPES measurements have shown possesses a Dirac cone within its superconducting gap. However, the fundamental nature of superconductivity, i.e. the superconducting order parameter, in Tl5Te3 remains unknown. Additionally, it has been shown that Tl5Te3 undergoes a superconducting-insulator transition upon doping with Sn. With no band parity inversion expected in the fully Sn doped compound one expects a topological supercondutor - trivial insulator transition, the nature of which is also unknown. In this work we use highly sensitive microwave cavity perturbation measurements, a direct probe of the superfluid density, to study the low energy electrodynamics of superconductivity in Tl5Te3 and its corresponding superconductor-insulator transition upon Sn doping. Work at Johns Hopkins was supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation through Grant GBMF2628, the DOE-BES through DE-FG02-08ER46544, and the ARCS Foundation.

  9. Numerical study of the superconductor-insulator transition in double-layer graphene driven by disorder∗%双层石墨烯材料中无序导致超导-绝缘体相变的数值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何龙; 宋筠

    2013-01-01

      本文利用一种新的数值方法研究了在较大的双层石墨烯样品中杂质的无序效应对超导态特性的影响。采用核多项式方法(Kernel Polynomial Method)来自洽求解双层石墨烯系统的Bogoliubov-de-Gennes (BdG)方程,从而得到了由无序效应所引起的超导序参量的空间涨落精确解。进一步,计算了系统处于超导态时的态密度、光电导和广义逆参与率(inverse participation ratio)等物理量,并发现随着无序强度的不断增大态密度中的能隙被完全抑制,同时光电导的Drude权重也迅速减小并最终降为零,这表明双层石墨烯中的低能电子态发生了安德森局域化,系统因而发生了由无序效应诱导的超导-绝缘体相变。%The kernel polynomial method is employed to study the disorder effects of impurities on the superconductivity of double-layer graphene. The Bogoliubov-de-Gennes equations are solved self-consistently by the kernel polynomial method, and the spatial fluc-tuations of the superconducting order parameters caused by disorder are obtained. Furthermore, we calculate the density of states, the optical conductivity and the general inverse participation ratio, and we find that the energy gap in the density of states can be constrained by increasing disorder, accompanied with the disappearance of the Drude weight in optical conductivity. We also find that the electron states are Anderson localized by disorder and the superconductor-insulator transition happens in double-layer graphene.

  10. Hybrid cluster state proposal for a quantum game

    CERN Document Server

    Paternostro, M; Kim, M S

    2005-01-01

    We propose an experimental implementation of a quantum game algorithm in a hybrid scheme combining the quantum circuit approach and the cluster state model. An economical cluster configuration is suggested to embody a quantum version of the Prisoners' Dilemma. Our proposal is shown to be within the experimental state-of-art and can be realized with existing technology. The effects of relevant experimental imperfections are also carefully examined.

  11. Proposed State Budget Doesn't Do Enough for Kids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Children Now, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Administration's January proposal for the 2015-16 state budget does not do enough for California's top priority--the children. The failure to fund new preschool slots breaks last year's commitment to provide access to quality preschool for every low-income 4-year-old. The proposal also misses opportunities to fully support and improve access…

  12. Proposed State Budget Lacks Needed Focus on Kids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Children Now, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The Administration's January proposal for the 2014-15 state budget projects a surplus, due to painful budget cutting in recent years combined with the economic recovery and voter approval of new revenues. While the proposal invests some of the additional revenue in children, it falls well short of what is needed. California's kids have borne a…

  13. Proposal for generating Fock states in traveling wave fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benmoussa, Adil [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College, The City University of New York, Bronx, NY 10468-1589 (United States)]. E-mail: adil.benmoussa@lehman.cuny.edu; Gerry, Christopher C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College, The City University of New York, Bronx, NY 10468-1589 (United States)

    2007-05-28

    We describe a proposal for the generation of a single-mode photonic number state, |N>, in a traveling wave optical field. The state is obtained by state reduction from an input coherent state using Kerr media. Our method is based on a previous scheme used for hole burning in the Fock space by minimizing the Mandel Q parameter. The same method was used by Maia et al., but ours is different, it requires only one single photon injected in the entire setup and one photon detection at the end.

  14. The proposed Diagnostic Instrumentation and Analysis Laboratory, Mississippi State University

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-11-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to authorize Mississippi State University (MSU) to proceed with the detailed design, construction and equipping of the proposed Diagnostic Instrumentation and Analysis Laboratory (DIAL). DOE grant funds are available to the University for the limited purpose of performing preliminary studies, including analysis necessary to conduct this environmental assessment. The proposed facility would be located in the Mississippi Research and Technology Park, adjacent to the Mississippi Agriculture and Forestry Experiment Station campus in Starkville, Mississippi. Total project cost is estimated at $7,953,600. This proposed laboratory would be designed to conduct research into combustion devices related to waste management and environmental restoration that is of importance to industry and government. The proposed facility`s role would be to develop diagnostic instrumentation capabilities in the area of combustion and related processes.

  15. Proposal for a state health technology assessment program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colmenares, Phil

    2012-08-01

    Evidence suggests that a significant number of medical technologies are of little or no benefit to patients. Under current budgetary pressures, state health care programs cannot afford continued spending on unnecessary medical care without further cuts in enrollment. Limiting coverage of high-tech care only to indications supported by good clinical evidence would help save state health care dollars. However, there is currently no public process to formally evaluate new medical interventions in Wisconsin. In fact, new therapies often are introduced into clinical practice, and covered by state health insurance programs, even when there is weak or questionable evidence of clinical effectiveness. This article proposes the creation of a state Health Technology Assessment program in Wisconsin to systematically evaluate new tests or treatments, and to promote evidence-based coverage decisions. Such a program would help limit wasteful spending on unnecessary technologies, reinforce good clinical practice, and protect patients from the risks of interventions that have not been proven effective.

  16. Proposed level of Member States' contributions as from 2006

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    The document "The scientific activities of CERN and budget estimates for the years 2006-2009 and Projections for the year 2010" was presented to the Finance Committee in June. At its June Session, the Council requested the Management to prepare the Preliminary Draft Budget for 2006 on the basis of an income level corresponding to the 2005 contributions at 2005 prices, excluding the additional income resulting from the exceptional indexation of the two Host States. This document contains a proposal for a contribution level that takes account of these constraints, and expresses the need for a decision on the special cases of three Member States contributions. The Finance Committee is invited to recommend and the Council to approve the minimum level of contributions of 977.3 MCHF in 2006, with the consideration of possible transition measures for the contributions of Finland, Greece and Portugal. Additional voluntary contributions from the Host States and application of agreed transition measures will allow the ...

  17. Scale dependent superconductor-insulator transition

    OpenAIRE

    D. Kowal; Ovadyahu, Z.

    2007-01-01

    We study the disorder driven superconductor to insulator transition in amorphous films of high carrier-concentration indium-oxide. Using thin films with various sizes and aspect ratios we show that the `critical' sheet-resistance $R_{{\\small \\square}}$ depends systematically on sample geometry; superconductivity disappears when $R_{{\\small \\square}}$ exceeds $\\approx6 $k$\\Omega$ in large samples. On the other hand, wide and sufficiently short samples of the same batch exhibit superconductivit...

  18. Proposed changes for part N of suggested state regulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paris, R.

    1997-02-01

    This paper discusses proposed changes for Part N regulations regarding naturally occuring radioactive materials. It describes the work of the Commission on NORM of the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors (CRCPD), toward adjusting the regulations. A set of questions was formulated and a review panel established to address these questions and come back with recommended actions. The panel recommended the distinction that the material being regulated is `Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material` (TENORM). By this they mean `naturally occurring radioactive material not regulated under the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) whose radionuclide concentrations have been increased by or as a result of human practices.` Recommendations also include: using a dose based instead of concentration based standard; refined definition of exemptions from regulations; exclusion of radon from Total Effective Dose Equivalent (TEDE) calculations; provide states flexibility in implementation; inclusion of prospective remedial and operations aspects for TENORM; provision of institutional controls.

  19. [State strategy for Cycad (Zamiaceae) conservation: a proposal for the State of Hidalgo, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vite, Aurelia; Pulido, María T; Flores-Vázquez, Juan C

    2013-09-01

    Mexico has the second largest cycad diversity in the world, and the Sierra Madre Oriental (SMO) is one of the richest biogeographic regions for these plants. Despite there is a general Cycad National Program in the country, there are no state-level cycad conservation strategies or programs. Thus the aim of this study was to propose a cycad conservation strategy for the state of Hidalgo, which is located in the Southern part of the SMO. For this, a cycad species inventory was made in the state, for which three methods were used: review of published literature; consultation in the main Mexican herbaria to verify botanical specimens; and exhaustive field research to compare findings with previously reported species and to recognize new records at the county and state level. The proposed research work strategy combined the following elements: prioritize the county and local areas with greatest cycad species richness; prioritize the species least resistant to environmental change and/or having restricted geographic distribution; and to consider the main uses of these plants by local residents. The results showed that Hidalgo has three genera and eight species ofcycads: Ceratozamia fuscoviridis, C. latifolia, C. mexicana, C. sabatoi, Dioon edule, Zamia fischeri, Z. loddigesii and Z. vazquezii, all of which are considered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). This study added two new species records for Hidalgo and 21 at the county level. The species are distributed in 26 counties, of which Chapulhuacán and Pisaflores are notable for their high species richness. Hidalgo has the fourth-greatest cycad species richness among Mexican states, although its area accounts for only 1.07% of the country. The state's diversity is greater than in other states with larger area, and even than in some other entire countries in Mesoamerica. The presented state cycad conservation strategy proposes that a total of some 11,325 ha to be conserved in nine zones

  20. Four proposals to increase the financing capacity of the state

    OpenAIRE

    Tamás Bánfi

    2010-01-01

    The paper argues that in some specific cases the central Government, which is usually required to choose in between whether to maintain (improve) the competitiveness of the economy or to reduce governmental responsibilities, is able to manage the state budget without limiting its choice to one of the two alternatives. At present, in Hungary the possibility is given to increase tax revenues and concurrently increase competitiveness. The main discussion of the article is centered around four pr...

  1. A proposal for the optimal estimation of states in Quantum Information Processing

    OpenAIRE

    Mastriani, Mario

    2015-01-01

    An optimal estimator of quantum states based on a modified Kalman's Filter is proposed in this work. Such estimator acts after state measurement, allowing obtain an optimal estimation of quantum state resulting in the output of any quantum algorithm. This method is much more accurate than other types of quantum measurements, such as, weak measurement, strong measurement, quantum state tomography, among others.

  2. 75 FR 5132 - United States v. Cameron International Corp., et al.; Proposed Final Judgment and Competitive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ... Antitrust Division United States v. Cameron International Corp., et al.; Proposed Final Judgment and.... Cameron Int'l Corp., et al., No. 09-cv-02165-RMC. On November 17, 2009, the United States filed a Complaint alleging that the proposed acquisition by Cameron International Corporation (``Cameron'') of NATCO...

  3. 75 FR 45207 - Proposed Information Collection (Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes; Application for Assistance for Hiring and Retaining Nurses at State Homes) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY... information needed to determine State Veterans' Homes eligibility for funding for programs to recruit and...

  4. 78 FR 55778 - Proposed Information Collection (Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-11

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes; Application for Assistance for Hiring and Retaining Nurses at State Homes) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY... information needed to determine State Veterans' Homes eligibility for funding for programs to recruit and...

  5. 78 FR 55252 - Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; State Review Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... state performance in enforcement and compliance assurance. The Framework's goal is to evaluate state... AGENCY Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; State Review Framework AGENCY... Framework (EPA ICR No. 2185.05, OMB Control No. 2020-0031) to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB)...

  6. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-21

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals Matthew C. Weed Specialist in Foreign...Policy Legislation February 21, 2017 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov R43760 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force...Against the Islamic State Congressional Research Service Summary Since the United States embarked on a strategy to counter the Islamic State (also

  7. 7 CFR 205.621 - Submission and determination of proposed State organic programs and amendments to approved State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Submission and determination of proposed State organic programs and amendments to approved State organic programs. 205.621 Section 205.621 Agriculture...

  8. Amending America: Proposed Amendments to the United States Constitution, 1787 to 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — This dataset provides information about more than 11,000 proposed Constitutional amendments introduced in the United States Congress from 1787 to 2014. This dataset...

  9. 75 FR 55598 - Proposed Information Collection; The State of Ecosystem Services Implementation Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-13

    ....S. Geological Survey Proposed Information Collection; The State of Ecosystem Services Implementation...: I. Abstract Ecosystem goods and services are defined by ecologists as the biophysical processes that... regulation, pollination, and seed dispersal are considered ecosystem services. Indirect benefits are also...

  10. 78 FR 12349 - Proposed Information Collection; Land and Water Conservation Fund State Assistance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... National Park Service Proposed Information Collection; Land and Water Conservation Fund State Assistance... INFORMATION: I. Abstract The Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965 (LWCF Act) (16 U.S.C. 460l-4 et seq... discussed in detail in the Land and Water Conservation Fund State Assistance Program Federal...

  11. Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge, Colorado State Lands and Bureau of Land Management : Request for Proposal [Bid Proposal

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This bid proposal proposal from Natural Resource Options, Inc. (a consultation service) is a response to the Browns Park Committee's Request for Proposals on the...

  12. Proposal of many-party controlled teleportation for multi-qubit entangled W state

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Zhi-Ping; Li Hong-Cai

    2005-01-01

    A scheme of M-party controlled teleportation for one N-qubit entangled W state via (N-1) Einstein-PodolskyRosen (EPR) pairs and one (M+2)-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state is proposed. We achieve the teleportation in such a way that M agents can execute the Hadamard transformation, perform the measurement on their qubits and inform the receiver of their measurements. Then we discuss that the receiver cannot fully recover the state from the sender if one agent does not co-operate with him.

  13. 75 FR 5849 - Financial Management Service; Proposed Collection of Information: Claim Against the United States...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-04

    ... Fiscal Service Financial Management Service; Proposed Collection of Information: Claim Against the United States for the Proceeds of a Government Check AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Fiscal Service, Treasury. ACTION: Notice and Request for comments. SUMMARY: The Financial Management Service, as part of...

  14. 76 FR 50171 - Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State Technical Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ...: 328, Conservation Crop Rotation, 329, Residue and Tillage Management No Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed... Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State Technical Guide AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), U.S. Department of Agriculture...

  15. 76 FR 52634 - Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State Technical Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ...: 328, Conservation Crop Rotation, 329, Residue and Tillage Management No Till/Strip Till/Direct Seed... Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State Technical Guide AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), U.S. Department of Agriculture...

  16. 77 FR 30437 - Proposed Amendment of Air Traffic Service Routes; Southwestern United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 RIN 2120-AA66 Proposed Amendment of Air Traffic Service Routes; Southwestern United States AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of... Administration, 800 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20591; telephone: (202) 267-8783....

  17. 76 FR 44904 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; State Water...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ... Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; State Water Quality Program... Docket ID number EPA- HQ-OW-2011-0424, in the subject line.) Fax: 202-501-2346. Mail: Water Docket... is available for online viewing at http://www.regulations.gov , or in person viewing at the Water...

  18. 78 FR 23288 - Proposed Information Collection: State Water Resources Research Institute Program; Annual...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    ... Geological Survey Proposed Information Collection: State Water Resources Research Institute Program; Annual...: eagreene@usgs.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract The Water Resources Research Act of 1984, as... extension of an information collection (1028- 0097); request for comments. SUMMARY: To comply with...

  19. Proposed State Budget Improves Outlook for Kids, but Leaves Much Work to Be Done

    Science.gov (United States)

    Children Now, 2013

    2013-01-01

    For the first time in many years, the Administration's proposed state budget does not project a deficit. Painful budget cutting in recent years combined with voters passing Proposition 30 in November to generate revenues finally have put California on more stable fiscal ground. However, it is critical to recognize that kids have borne a…

  20. 78 FR 45599 - Proposed Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) Assigning Environmental Responsibilities to the State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-29

    ... Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) Act, 16 U.S.C. 4601-4 8. Hazardous Materials Comprehensive Environmental... Responsibilities to the State of Texas for Categorical Exclusions AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Texas Division Office, DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed MOU and request for comments. SUMMARY:...

  1. Conservation assessment of current and proposed nature reserves of Tamaulipas state, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantu, C.; Gerald, Wright R.; Michael, Scott J.; Strand, Espen

    2003-01-01

    The Mexican state of Tamaulipas located in the northeastern portion of the country currently has five state nature reserves covering slightly less than 3% of its land area. These reserves were established for a variety of reasons, many unrelated to the protection of biological resources. In 2000 in response to a growing concern about the lack of organized conservation reserve planning to protect the important biological and physical features of Mexico, the Mexican Commission for Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO) proposed 13 new terrestrial reserves for Tamaulipas. If established these new reserves would increase the proportion of terrestrial protected lands in the state to over 21%. We compiled a geographic information system (GIS) using existing digital thematic maps of physical and biological features to examine how the existing and proposed reserves might serve to protect the biodiversity and physical features of the state. We found that most of the existing protected sites occur in areas with elevations > 1000-2000 m with temperate climate and dominated by pine forest, oak forest, and cloud forest vegetation cover types. The state's dominant biotic region - low elevation coastal plain with tropical and arid climate types and xeric scrub vegetation - is disproportionately underrepresented in the current reserve system. The creation of the proposed areas would substantially increase the protection of mid and high elevation lands. The largest gap in the protected lands network would be low elevation, level, coastal lands.

  2. The role of antiferromagnetic La{sub 1/3}Ca{sub 2/3}MnO{sub 3} barriers in superconductor/insulator/ferromagnet tunnel junctions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moran, O., E-mail: omoranc@unalmed.edu.c [Laboratorio de Materiales Ceramicos y Vitreos, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Medellin, A.A. 568 Medellin (Colombia); Saldarriaga, W. [Laboratorio de Materiales Ceramicos y Vitreos, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Medellin, A.A. 568 Medellin (Colombia); Baca, E. [Grupo de Ingenieria de Nuevos Materiales, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad del Valle, A.A. 25360 Cali (Colombia)

    2010-01-15

    Current transport through thin antiferromagnetic (AF) barriers of the perovskite manganite La{sub 1/3}Ca{sub 2/3}MnO{sub 3} (LCMO) was studied with respect to its dependence on temperature and voltage. Planar-type La{sub 2/3}Ca{sub 1/3}MnO{sub 3}(approx80 nm)/La{sub 1/3}Ca{sub 2/3}MnO{sub 3}(approx7 nm)/YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-d}elta(approx100 nm) heterojunctions were used as basic structures. The current-voltage (I-V) measurements were carried out on test junctions with a standard area of 20 x 40 mum{sup 2} in a four-terminal configuration. In spite of the carefully controlled growth conditions, barriers with the same nominal thickness showed different electrical behavior varying from elastic tunneling to Mott variable range hopping (VRH) via localized states. Fitting the VRH model to the experimental data, allowed for estimating important physical parameters of the barrier as the density of states at the Fermi level N(E{sub F}) and with this the average distance between two localized states l{sub 0}. The different transport characteristics seem to be related to intrinsic difference in microstructure as the average surface roughness of the constituent layers may already be larger than the thickness of the barrier itself. Independent of the barrier quality, the active presence of the diamagnetic and ferromagnetic phases in the heterostructure was corroborated by transport measurements in magnetic fields and in-plane/out-of-plane magnetization hysteresis loops below the superconducting critical temperature, T{sub c} (approx80 K). The values of the critical magnetic field H{sub c1} estimated from these experiments were in good accordance with those reported in the literature.

  3. Russian Proposals on the Polar Code: Contributing to Common Rules or Furthering State Interests?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorottya Bognar

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The mandatory Polar Code was finally adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO in May 2015. The present article examines the role and contribution of the Russian Federation in the decision-making process of the Polar Code through its proposals, in the form of submissions, statements, and oral interventions. The purpose of these proposals is investigated with respect to the safety and environmental protection goals of the IMO and Russian interests in the Arctic, by looking at the reasoning used by Russia in its proposals. The major issue areas represented in the Russian proposals include, among others, the role of coastal State legislation, environmental regulations, and icebreaker assistance; however, the majority of these do not contribute to the IMO's goals of creating globally uniform standards for maritime safety and protecting the marine environment. The Russian proposals served State interests through misrepresentation and reference to Russia's experience in Arctic shipping. While the latter frames Russia as a leading user of Arctic waters, the role that Russia played in the Polar Code negotiations indicates that Russia has more than shipping interests to protect in the Arctic.

  4. An enhanced proposal on decoy-state measurement device-independent quantum key distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qin; Zhang, Chun-Hui; Luo, Shunlong; Guo, Guang-Can

    2016-09-01

    By employing pulses involving three-intensity, we propose a scheme for the measurement device-independent quantum key distribution with heralded single-photon sources. We make a comparative study of this scheme with the standard three-intensity decoy-state scheme using weak coherent sources or heralded single-photon sources. The advantage of this scheme is illustrated through numerical simulations: It can approach very closely the asymptotic case of using an infinite number of decoy-states and exhibits excellent behavior in both the secure transmission distance and the final key generation rate.

  5. A Public Health Analysis of the Proposed Resolution of [the 1997 United States] Tobacco Litigation

    OpenAIRE

    Fox, Brion J. J.D.; Lightwood, James M. Ph.D.; Glantz, Stanton A. Ph.D.

    1998-01-01

    The proposed tobacco settlement agreement, as negotiated by some state attorneys general and the tobacco industry that was made public on June 20, 1997 (Appendix F), raises a complex array of public health, public policy, legal and economic issues. It was intended to be a blueprint for national tobacco control legislation that would end the most important litigation current and potential against the tobacco industry. As with most complex legislation, the deal, after it was announced, underwen...

  6. Overview of Governor Schwarzenegger's Proposed 2008-09 State Budget. Commission Report 08-02

    Science.gov (United States)

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

    2008-01-01

    On January 10, 2008, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger released his proposed budget for the 2008-09 fiscal year. State revenues for the 18 months covering the last half of 2007-08 and 2008-09 are projected to be nearly $16 billion below planned expenditures. The budget seeks to close this shortfall by cutting 2008-09 funding for most programs by 10%…

  7. Effective access to justice against state and non-state actors in the Framework Convention on Global Health: A proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hevia, Martin; Vacaflor, Carlos Herrera

    2013-06-14

    A Framework Convention on Global Health (FCGH) seeks to have a profound, effective, and broad impact: bringing access to health rights to the largest global community possible. One of the main issues the FCGH will address is how to make the right to health justiciable. An FCGH must articulate functional remedies for violations of the right to health by state or non-state actors. This paper analyzes one approach to ensuring the recognition of the rights defended in a future FCGH. Following the incremental development approach inspired by the architecture of other successful framework convention protocols, we propose the inclusion of access to health justice guidelines in an FCGH. This proposal is based on the amparo remedy, a figure already extant in the legislation of several Latin American countries; since its incorporation, these countries have witnessed a significant increase in litigation defending health rights. This is only one of many important advantages to broadly adopting guidelines based on the amparo remedy. The proposed guidelines would serve as a basic agreement on broad principles on access to health justice.

  8. Fluxons in thin-film superconductor-insulator superlattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sakai, S.; Bodin, P.; Pedersen, Niels Falsig

    1993-01-01

    films; in the limit of ultrathin superconductor films it may give a model for describing fluxon motion in layered high-Tc superconductors. Numerical examples of current versus voltage curves to be expected in such an experiment are presented. Journal of Applied Physics is copyrighted by The American...... Institute of Physics....

  9. Duality picture of Superconductor-insulator transitions on Superconducting nanowire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makise, Kazumasa; Terai, Hirotaka; Tominari, Yukihiro; Tanaka, Shukichi; Shinozaki, Bunju

    2016-06-01

    In this study, we investigated the electrical transport properties of niobium titanium nitride (NbTiN) nanowire with four-terminal geometries to clarify the superconducting phase slip phenomena and superconducting-insulator transitions (SIT) for one-dimensional superconductors. We fabricated various nanowires with different widths and lengths from epitaxial NbTiN films using the electron beam lithography method. The temperature dependence of resistance R(T) below the superconducting transition temperature Tc was analyzed using thermal activation phase slip (TAPS) and quantum phase slip (QPS) theories. Although the accuracy of experimental data at low temperatures can deviate when using the TAPS model, the QPS model thoroughly represents the R(T) characteristic with resistive tail at low temperatures. From the analyses of data on Tc, we found that NbTiN nanowires exhibit SIT because of the change in the ratio of kinetic inductance energy and QPS amplitude energy with respect to the flux-charge duality theory.

  10. Critical field enhancement near a superconductor-insulator transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, I J; Chaikin, P M; Naughton, M J

    2002-05-20

    We have discovered a phenomenon where the orbital pair breaking effect is reduced, if not eliminated. It appears as a striking enhancement in the upper critical field H(c2) for (TMTSF)2PF6 and a strong upward curvature in the critical field versus temperature in the region of pressure-temperature phase space near the superconductor-spin density wave insulator boundary. A simple model based on self-consistently dividing the superconductor into layers explains the observations remarkably well and provides a unique way around orbital frustration and toward higher critical fields.

  11. Superconductor-insulator transition in nanowires and nanowire arrays

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mooij, J.E.; Schön, G.; Shnirman, A.; Fuse, T.; Harmans, C.J.P.M.; Rotzinger, H.; Verbruggen, A.H.

    2015-01-01

    Superconducting nanowires are the dual elements to Josephson junctions, with quantum phase-slip (QPS) processes replacing the tunneling of Cooper pairs. When the QPS amplitude ES is much smaller than the inductive energy EL, the nanowire responds as a superconducting inductor. When the inductive ene

  12. Complete Phase Diagrams for a Holographic Superconductor/Insulator System

    CERN Document Server

    Horowitz, Gary T

    2010-01-01

    The gravitational dual of an insulator/superconductor transition driven by increasing the chemical potential has recently been constructed. However, the system was studied in a probe limit and only a part of the phase diagram was obtained. We include the backreaction and construct the complete phase diagram for this system. For fixed chemical potential there are typically two phase transitions as the temperature is lowered. Surprisingly, for a certain range of parameters, the system first becomes a superconductor and then becomes an insulator as the temperature approaches zero. As a byproduct of our analysis, we also construct the gravitational dual of a Bose-Einstein condensate of glueballs in a confining gauge theory.

  13. Superconductor-insulator transition in the d-p model

    CERN Document Server

    Arimoto, T; Tsuruta, A; Kobayashi, A; Kuroda, Y

    2003-01-01

    We investigate a transition between the superconducting phase and the Mott insulator phase in the d-p model by using the slave-boson method and the 1/N-expansion theory, where the pairing interaction is given by the superexchange interaction J sub s. We show that the competition between the pairing interaction and the Fermi energy induces the transition at finite doping rate. (author)

  14. Sharp superconductor-insulator transition in short wires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meidan, Dganit; Oreg, Yuval; Refael, Gil

    2007-05-04

    Recent experiments on short MoGe nanowires show a sharp superconducting-insulating transition at the universal resistance R(Q)=h/(4e(2)), contrary to the expectation of a smooth temperature dependence of the resistance for such Josephson-like systems. We present a self-consistent renormalization-group treatment of interacting quantum phase slips in short superconducting wires, which reproduces this sharp universal transition. Our method should also apply to other systems in the sine-Gordon universality class, in the previously inaccessible intermediate-coupling regime.

  15. Duality picture of Superconductor-insulator transitions on Superconducting nanowire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makise, Kazumasa; Terai, Hirotaka; Tominari, Yukihiro; Tanaka, Shukichi; Shinozaki, Bunju

    2016-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the electrical transport properties of niobium titanium nitride (NbTiN) nanowire with four-terminal geometries to clarify the superconducting phase slip phenomena and superconducting-insulator transitions (SIT) for one-dimensional superconductors. We fabricated various nanowires with different widths and lengths from epitaxial NbTiN films using the electron beam lithography method. The temperature dependence of resistance R(T) below the superconducting transition temperature Tc was analyzed using thermal activation phase slip (TAPS) and quantum phase slip (QPS) theories. Although the accuracy of experimental data at low temperatures can deviate when using the TAPS model, the QPS model thoroughly represents the R(T) characteristic with resistive tail at low temperatures. From the analyses of data on Tc, we found that NbTiN nanowires exhibit SIT because of the change in the ratio of kinetic inductance energy and QPS amplitude energy with respect to the flux-charge duality theory. PMID:27311595

  16. Duality picture of Superconductor-insulator transitions on Superconducting nanowire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makise, Kazumasa; Terai, Hirotaka; Tominari, Yukihiro; Tanaka, Shukichi; Shinozaki, Bunju

    2016-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the electrical transport properties of niobium titanium nitride (NbTiN) nanowire with four-terminal geometries to clarify the superconducting phase slip phenomena and superconducting-insulator transitions (SIT) for one-dimensional superconductors. We fabricated various nanowires with different widths and lengths from epitaxial NbTiN films using the electron beam lithography method. The temperature dependence of resistance R(T) below the superconducting transition temperature Tc was analyzed using thermal activation phase slip (TAPS) and quantum phase slip (QPS) theories. Although the accuracy of experimental data at low temperatures can deviate when using the TAPS model, the QPS model thoroughly represents the R(T) characteristic with resistive tail at low temperatures. From the analyses of data on Tc, we found that NbTiN nanowires exhibit SIT because of the change in the ratio of kinetic inductance energy and QPS amplitude energy with respect to the flux-charge duality theory.

  17. Proposal for broader United States-Russian transparency of nuclear arms reductions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Percival, C.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Ingle, T.H.; Bieniawski, A.J. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-07-01

    During the January 1994 Summit Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin agreed on the goal of ensuring the ``transparency and irreversibility`` of the nuclear arms reduction process. As a result, negotiations are presently underway between the United States Government and the Russian Federation to confirm the stockpiles of plutonium and highly enriched uranium removed from nuclear weapons. In December 1994 the United States presented a paper to the Russian Federation proposing additional measures to provide broader transparency of nuclear arms reduction. The US Department of Energy is studying the implementation of these broader transparency measures at appropriate DOE facilities. The results of the studies include draft protocols for implementation, assessments of the implementation procedures and the impacts on the facilities and estimates of the cost to implement these measures at various facilities.

  18. Emergence of superconductivity from the dynamically heterogeneous insulating state in La(2-x)Sr(x)CuO4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Xiaoyan; Logvenov, G; Bollinger, A T; Božović, I; Panagopoulos, C; Popović, Dragana

    2013-01-01

    A central issue for copper oxides is the nature of the insulating ground state at low carrier densities and the emergence of high-temperature superconductivity from that state with doping. Even though this superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) is a zero-temperature transition, measurements are not usually carried out at low temperatures. Here we use magnetoresistance to probe both the insulating state at very low temperatures and the presence of superconducting fluctuations in La(2-x)Sr(x)CuO(4) films, for doping levels that range from the insulator to the superconductor (x  =  0.03-0.08). We observe that the charge glass behaviour, characteristic of the insulating state, is suppressed with doping, but it coexists with superconducting fluctuations that emerge already on the insulating side of the SIT. The unexpected quenching of the superconducting fluctuations by the competing charge order at low temperatures provides a new perspective on the mechanism for the SIT.

  19. 75 FR 6709 - United States, et al. v. Ticketmaster Entertainment Inc. and Live Nation Inc.; Proposed Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... Antitrust Division United States, et al. v. Ticketmaster Entertainment Inc. and Live Nation Inc.; Proposed... Columbia in United States of America, et al. v. Ticketmaster Entertainment, Inc. and Live Nation, Inc... Nation, Inc. would substantially lessen competition in primary ticketing in the United States and...

  20. 75 FR 44231 - Notice of Proposed Extension of Project Period and Waiver for the State and Federal Policy Forum...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... Notice of Proposed Extension of Project Period and Waiver for the State and Federal Policy Forum for... extension of project period and waiver for the State and Federal Policy Forum for Program Improvement Center... enable the currently funded State and Federal Policy Forum for Program Improvement Center to receive...

  1. 78 FR 33437 - United States v. Apple, Inc., et al.; Public Comments and Response on Proposed Final Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... Antitrust Division United States v. Apple, Inc., et al.; Public Comments and Response on Proposed Final... Macmillan in United States v. Apple, Inc., et al., Civil Action No. 12-CV-2826 (DLC), which was filed in the... for the Southern District of New York UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, v. APPLE, INC., et...

  2. Groundwater monitoring plan for the proposed state-approved land disposal structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reidel, S.P.

    1993-10-13

    This document outlines a detection-level groundwater monitoring program for the state-approved land disposal structure (SALDS). The SALDS is an infiltration basin proposed for disposal of treated effluent from the 200 Areas of the Hanford Site. The purpose of this plan is to present a groundwater monitoring program that is capable of determining the impact of effluent disposal at the SALDS on the quality of groundwater in the uppermost aquifer. This groundwater monitoring plan presents an overview of the SALDS, the geology and hydrology of the area, the background and indicator evaluation (detection) groundwater monitoring program, and an outline of a groundwater quality assessment (compliance) program. This plan does not provide a plan for institutional controls to track tritium beyond the SALDS.

  3. Plastic Solid Waste Assessment in the State of Kuwait and Proposed Methods of Recycling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Al-Salem

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A proper assessment of Solid Plastic Waste (SPW in Kuwait will provide a greater understanding to the industry of plastic manufacturing and manufacturers as well as direct the strategic future plans proposed into execution. This research show the results obtained after a years survey and study of plastic solid waste in the state of Kuwait and the surrounding region in order to create a database that can be used in future plans and research projects. Major manufacturers in the area were asked to complete a questionnaire to create a complete database. Recycling methods were studied and tested in order to evaluate the best solutions and schemes available to overcome the increasing rate of municipal plastic waste. From the current study it, Kuwait ranked in second behind Qatar in plastic waste but land filling rates in Kuwait are almost double than any other oil dependant country in the west Asia region.

  4. Proposed standards for professional health sciences library services in hospitals of New York State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchinson, A P; O'Connell, M; Richards, B B; Thompson, J L; Wheeler, R A

    1981-07-01

    Hospital libraries are considered to be the basic unit of the medical information system. A major statewide effort was begun in 1978 to introduce and support legislation in the New York State Legislature which would encourage hospitals to establish and maintain libraries that meet minimum services standards. Included in this legislation is the concept that the Commissioner of Education in consultation with the Commissioner of Health shall have the power to establish standards for hospital libraries. The Ad Hoc Committee for the Promotion of Hospital Library Services, Western New York Library Resources Council, proposes The Standards for Professional Health Sciences Library Services in Hospitals of New York State to clarify and to strengthen existing hospital library standards. These standards differ specifically from the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals standards in that they place equal and specific emphasis on eleven points: administration, qualifications of library staff, continuing education of library staff, requirement for a library advisory committee, required library services, required library resources, library space requirements, library budget, library network and consortium membership, documentation of library policy, and continued evaluation of the needs of the hospital for library service. Detailed interpretations are provided. An appendix describes the qualifications of a hospital library consultant.

  5. The Tennessee State-Local Tax System with Reform Proposals. A Preliminary Report on the Tennessee State-Local Tax System with Reform Proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tennessee Univ., Knoxville. Center for Business and Economic Research.

    This report examines the Tennessee state-local tax structure to determine whether tax inequities have given rise to a situation in which taxes have contributed to an inadequate or inequitable flow of financial resources to the public schools. It investigates the possibility that some structural changes in the tax system might improve both tax…

  6. Arab-Norman Heritage: State of Knowledge and New Actions and Innovative Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prescia, R.; Scianna, A.

    2017-05-01

    This paper wants to offers a perlustrative recognition on the 'state of the studies', concerning to the Arab-Norman architecture of Palermo, admissed by Unesco in 2015 and explain a research in progress which, starting from re-cognition of the peculiarities of the restoration work carried out on it, consisting of the identification of authentic material-constructive values and / or reconstruction, it orients itself to develop a concrete proposal of filing for a more conscious knowledge. She, moreover, wants contribute to real enhancement through the use of targeted communication strategies that use innovative means capable, on one hand, to attracting the greatest possible number of users, on the other hand, to plan further interventions of conservation coherent with the previous data. The product that you want to achieve is that of a Bank-data that allows the "networking" of monumental emergencies, that become the virtual itineraries waypoint, which can be implemented periodically and whose boards meet the cataloging needs and documentation but with reference at geo-referred systems, compatible with the conservation and management of heritage and with need of usability, real and virtual.

  7. 78 FR 46421 - Proposed Information Collection (Per Diem for Nursing Home Care of Veterans in State Homes; Per...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Per Diem for Nursing Home Care of Veterans in State Homes; Per Diem for Adult Day Care of Veterans in State Homes): Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Health... the notice. This notice solicits comments on information needed to ensure that nursing home and adult...

  8. Advocating for School Psychologists in Response to the APA's Proposed "Model Act for State Licensure of Psychologists"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skalski, Anastasia Kalamaros

    2009-01-01

    On March 6, 2009, the APA Model Licensure Act Task Force released its second draft of the policy document known as the proposed "Model Act for State Licensure of Psychologists". This policy document serves as guidance to state legislatures for how they should set up their psychology licensing laws. The general expectations promoted in the model…

  9. 77 FR 42462 - Hawaii State Plan for Occupational Safety and Health; Proposed Modification of 18(e) Plan Approval

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-19

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration 29 CFR Part 1952 RIN 1218-AC78 Hawaii State Plan for Occupational Safety and Health; Proposed Modification of 18(e) Plan Approval AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health...; request for written comments. SUMMARY: Hawaii administers an occupational safety and health state...

  10. Advocating for School Psychologists in Response to the APA's Proposed "Model Act for State Licensure of Psychologists"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skalski, Anastasia Kalamaros

    2009-01-01

    On March 6, 2009, the APA Model Licensure Act Task Force released its second draft of the policy document known as the proposed "Model Act for State Licensure of Psychologists". This policy document serves as guidance to state legislatures for how they should set up their psychology licensing laws. The general expectations promoted in the model…

  11. 78 FR 23903 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Quarterly Summary of State and Local Government...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... Summary of State and Local Government Tax Revenue provides quarterly estimates of state and local... government tax collections. The Census Bureau needs state and local tax data to publish benchmark statistics... use the data to assess general economic conditions and state and local government financial...

  12. A Better Idea for United States Health Care - The Balanced Choice Proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Kemble, Stephen B

    2010-01-01

    This article introduces a promising new health care financing proposal for physician payment called Balanced Choice. It summarizes the implications of health care economics and current well-publicized health care reform proposals, each of which is problematic for physicians and their patients. The Balanced Choice proposal is for an integrated two-tier national system, which has an economically efficient universal plan similar to single-payer, but with an option for enhanced services using mar...

  13. 77 FR 15125 - United States v. Morgan Stanley; Public Comments and Response on Proposed Final Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    ...). ] I. PROCEDURAL HISTORY The United States brought this lawsuit against Defendant Morgan Stanley on... agreements with KeySpan Corporation (``KeySpan'') and Astoria Generating Company Acquisitions, L.L.C... States v. Microsoft Corp., 56 F.3d 1448, 1458-62 (DC Cir. 1995); United States v. SBC Commc'ns, 489...

  14. 77 FR 42749 - Proposed Change in State Title V Maternal and Child Health Block Grant Allocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... part on a calculation of the number of children living in poverty (in an individual State) as compared to the total number of children living in poverty in the United States, using data for the number of children in poverty in each State from the U.S. Census Bureau's official decennial census. As the...

  15. Commission Position on the State Budget Ballot Measure Proposed for June 2011. Report 11-05

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolfork, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    This report summarizes actions proposed by Governor Brown to close the projected $25 billion budget deficit for the 2011-12 fiscal year. The report includes a resolution adopted by the Commission supporting the Governor's proposed ballot initiative to extend temporary tax rate increases adopted in 2009 that are set to expire at the end of the…

  16. GASB proposes new standards for financial reporting of postemployment benefits by state and local governments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Karl D

    2003-03-01

    GASB has proposed new standards that will affect the way in which governments report postemployment health care benefits in audited external financial statements, resulting in more complete and transparent reporting by employers and plans and more relevant and useful information for the users of governmental financial reports. This article provides an overview of current financial reporting standards and practice, the financial reporting objectives of the project, the proposed measurement approach, noteworthy specific proposals, and the projected timetable for completion of the project and implementation of the new standards.

  17. Coma and vegetative states: state of the art and proposal of a novel approach combining existing coma scales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonsignore, Luca Tommaso; Macrì, Simone; Orsi, Paolo; Chiarotti, Flavia; Alleva, Enrico

    2014-01-01

    Brain damage of various aetiologies can lead to different disorders of consciousness (DOC), varying from coma to vegetative, to minimally conscious states. Each state is characterised by a different degree of wakefulness, awareness, pain sensitivity and is differentially handled with respect to treatment, ethical considerations and end-oflife decisions. Thus, its correct identification is crucial while devising or modulating appropriate treatment strategies. Actually, the main coma scales cannot always accurately determine the state of consciousness of an individual, while other tools (e.g. imaging techniques) present a certain degree of uncertainty. A complementary approach may be constituted by a 24-hour observation of patients, for a sufficient period of days, using an ad hoc behavioural scale, further correlated with physiological and pharmacological parameters measured on patients. The method herein described might help recognising the presence of consciousness of the different DOC patients, and thus discerning a vegetative from a minimally conscious state.

  18. Coma and vegetative states: state of the art and proposal of a novel approach combining existing coma scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Tommaso Bonsignore

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Brain damage of various aetiologies can lead to different disorders of consciousness (DOC, varying from coma to vegetative, to minimally conscious states. Each state is characterised by a different degree of wakefulness, awareness, pain sensitivity and is differentially handled with respect to treatment, ethical considerations and end-of-life decisions. Thus, its correct identification is crucial while devising or modulating appropriate treatment strategies. Actually, the main coma scales cannot always accurately determine the state of consciousness of an individual, while other tools (e.g. imaging techniques present a certain degree of uncertainty. A complementary approach may be constituted by a 24-hour observation of patients, for a sufficient period of days, using an ad hoc behavioural scale, further correlated with physiological and pharmacological parameters measured on patients. The method herein described might help recognising the presence of consciousness of the different DOC patients, and thus discerning a vegetative from a minimally conscious state.

  19. A Proposal for the Vector State in Vacuum String Field Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Rashkov, R; Rashkov, Radoslav

    2002-01-01

    A previous calculation on the tachyon state arising as fluctuations of a $D$ brane in vacuum string field theory is extended to include the vector state. We use the boundary conformal field theory approach of Rastelli, Sen and Zwiebach to construct a vector state. It is shown that the vector field satisfies the linearized equations of motion provided the two conditions $k^2=0$ and $k^\\mu A_\\mu=0$ are satisfied. Earlier calculations using Fock space techniques by Hata and Kawano have found massless vector states that are not necessarily transverse.

  20. 76 FR 81554 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Department of State Acquisition Regulation (DOSAR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    ... Collection: Department of State Acquisition Regulation (DOSAR). OMB Control Number: 1405-0050. Type of... of the Procurement Executive (A/OPE). Form Number: N/A. Respondents: Any business, other for-profit, individual, not-for-profit, or household organizations wishing to receive Department of State...

  1. 78 FR 53478 - Proposed Information Collection; United States Park Police Personal History Statement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... examination, an oral interview, a medical examination and psychological evaluation, and a battery of physical fitness and agility tests. As part of this application process, we use USPP Form 1 (United States Park...-0245. Title: United States Park Police Personal History Statement. Form Number(s): USPP Form 1. Type of...

  2. 76 FR 58496 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; State Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... Adequacy Determination: Municipal Solid Waste Landfills (MSWLFs) and Non-Municipal, Non-Hazardous Waste... characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. For additional information about... this action are States. Title: State Program Adequacy Determination: Municipal Solid Waste Landfills...

  3. 76 FR 3610 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Annual Survey of State and Local Government...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ..., Chief, Local Government Finance and Statistics Branch, Governments Division, U.S. Bureau of the Census... conduct the 2011 and 2013 Annual Survey of State and Local Government Finances and the 2012 Census of Governments: Finance. The Annual Survey of State and Local Government Finance collects data on...

  4. 75 FR 76026 - United States v. Graftech International Ltd., Et al.; Proposed Final Judgment and Competitive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-07

    ....'' United States v. Microsoft Corp., 56 F.3d 1448, 1461 (D.C. Cir. 1995); see generally United States v. SBC... require that the remedies perfectly match the alleged violations.'' SBC Commc'ns, 489 F. Supp. 2d at 17... remedies for the alleged harms.'' SBC Commc'ns, 489 F. Supp. 2d at 17; Republic Serv., 2010 U.S....

  5. 76 FR 20438 - Proposed Model Performance Measures for State Traffic Records Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ...: Timeliness, accuracy, completeness, uniformity, integration, and accessibility. States can use these measures... need as long as its overall intent remains the same. The measures do not set numerical performance... establish a numerical performance goal. Each State should set its own performance goals. The...

  6. Proposed experiments of qutrit state-independent contextuality and two-qutrit contextuality-based nonlocality

    CERN Document Server

    Cabello, Adan; Blanchfield, Kate; Bourennane, Mohamed; Bengtsson, Ingemar; 10.1103/PhysRevA.85.032108

    2012-01-01

    Recent experiments have demonstrated ququart state-independent quantum contextuality and qutrit state-dependent quantum contextuality. So far, the most basic form of quantum contextuality pointed out by Kochen and Specker, and Bell, has eluded experimental confirmation. Here we present an experimentally feasible test to observe qutrit state-independent quantum contextuality using single photons in a three-path setup. In addition, we show that if the same measurements are performed on two entangled qutrits, rather than sequentially on the same qutrit, then the noncontextual inequality becomes a Bell inequality. We show that this connection also applies to other recently introduced noncontextual inequalities.

  7. Proposal for generating a two-photon added coherent state via down-conversion with a single crystal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalamidas, Demetrios [Institute for Ultrafast Spectroscopy and Lasers, City College of the City University of New York, 138th Street and Convent Avenue, New York, NY 10031 (United States); Gerry, Christopher C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College, City University of New York, Bronx, NY 10468-1589 (United States)], E-mail: christopher.gerry@lehman.cuny.edu; Benmoussa, Adil [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College, City University of New York, Bronx, NY 10468-1589 (United States)

    2008-03-10

    Zavatta et al. [A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, M. Bellini, Science 306 (2004) 660; A. Zavatta, S. Viciani, M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. A 72 (2006) 023820], using parametric down-conversion, have carried out experiments to conditionally generate a single-photon added coherent state. In this Letter, we propose an extension of their method in order to generate the two-photon added coherent state, and point the way toward generating m-photon added coherent states for m>2, all using only one down-conversion crystal.

  8. 81 FR 87954 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Tri-State Fuel...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-06

    ... for the Proposed Tri-State Fuel Breaks Project, Owyhee County, ID, and Malheur County, OR AGENCY... prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for a landscape level fuel break project located in Owyhee... will be in conformance with the RMPs for the Owyhee Field Office and public lands in the project...

  9. 77 FR 12874 - Notice of Segregation of Public Lands in the State of Arizona Associated With the Proposed Mohave...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... Wind Energy North America's Mohave County Wind Farm Project (Proposed Project). This segregation covers... in the State of Arizona from appropriation under the public land laws, including the mining law, but...: Eddie Arreola, Supervisory Project Manager; Telephone: 602-417-9505; Address: One North Central...

  10. Workshop Proposal: Revisiting the Nexus of the State and the Migrant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Padovan-Özdemir, Marta; Bauer, Angela

    One strand of migration research deals with state management of the flows and lives of migrants. Another strand of migration research criticizes this statist perspective for falling into the pitfall of methodological nationalism and instead, argues for a human and transnational perspective on mig......, methodological as well as analytical perspectives. Empirical contributions that may challenge and broaden our understanding of the state in relation to migration are particularly welcome....

  11. Proposal for demonstration of long-range cluster state entanglement in the presence of photon loss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Nutz

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Photonic cluster states are a crucial resource for optical quantum computing. Recently a quantum dot single photon source has been demonstrated to produce strings of single photons in a small linear cluster state. Sources of this kind could produce much larger cluster states, but high photon loss rates make it impossible to characterize the entanglement generated by quantum state tomography. We present a benchmarking method for such sources that can be used to demonstrate useful long-range entanglement with currently available collection/detection efficiencies below 1%. The measurement of the polarization state of single photons in different bases can provide an estimate for the three-qubit correlation function ⟨ZXZ⟩. This value constrains correlations spanning more than three qubits, which in turn provide a lower bound for the localizable entanglement between any two qubits in the large state produced by the source. Finite localizable entanglement can be established by demonstrating ⟨ZXZ⟩>23. This result enables photonic experiments demonstrating computationally useful entanglement with currently available technology.

  12. 75 FR 16716 - Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; Proposed 2010 Specifications for the Spiny Dogfish...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... MC felt that maintaining the slightly lower (status quo) commercial quota accommodated some... three distinct alternatives. The proposed action (Alternative 1, Status quo and equivalent to No Action... Spiny Dogfish Fishery Management Plan (FMP) require NMFS to publish specifications for up to a period...

  13. 78 FR 9889 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; State and Local Implementation Grant Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    ..., transparent, and competitive requests for proposals (RFPs) to build, operate, and maintain the network... infrastructure to speed deployment of the network; and overseeing contracts with non-federal entities to build... core network and any radio access network build-out; (ii) placement of towers; (iii) coverage areas...

  14. 75 FR 42134 - United States v. Keyspan Corporation; Public Comments and Response on Proposed Final Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-20

    ... contemplated transaction. Instead of purchasing the Astoria assets outright, KeySpan devised a plan to acquire... result in this circumstance. The alternative distribution plans proposed by commentors seek, in effect..., rather than restitution, as a remedy for this violation. As discussed in the CIS, disgorgement is...

  15. 76 FR 59382 - Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State Technical Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-26

    ...: 315, Herbaceous Weed Control, 338, Prescribed Burning, 340, Cover Crop, 342, Critical Area Planting... plan and install conservation practices. DATES: Comments will be received for a 30-day period... in Virginia will receive comments relative to the proposed changes. Following that period,...

  16. Characterization of the proposed 4-{\\alpha} cluster state candidate in 16O

    CERN Document Server

    Li, K C W; Adsley, P; Papka, P; Smit, F D; Brümmer, J W; Diget, C Aa; Freer, M; Harakeh, M N; Kokalova, Tz; Nemulodi, F; Pellegri, L; Rebeiro, B; Swartz, J A; Triambak, S; van Zyl, J J; Wheldon, C

    2016-01-01

    The $\\mathrm{^{16}O}(\\alpha, \\alpha^{\\prime})$ reaction was studied at $\\theta_{lab} = 0^\\circ$ at an incident energy of $\\textrm{E}_{lab}$ = 200 MeV using the K600 magnetic spectrometer at iThemba LABS. Proton and $\\alpha$-decay from the natural parity states were observed in a large-acceptance silicon-strip detector array at backward angles. The coincident charged particle measurements were used to characterize the decay channels of the $0_{6}^{+}$ state in $\\mathrm{^{16}O}$ located at $E_{x} = 15.097(5)$ MeV. This state is identified by several theoretical cluster calculations to be a good candidate for the 4-$\\alpha$ cluster state. The results of this work suggest the presence of a previously unidentified resonance at $E_{x}\\approx15$ MeV that does not exhibit a $0^{+}$ character. This unresolved resonance may have contaminated previous observations of the $0_{6}^{+}$ state.

  17. Workshop Proposal: Revisiting the Nexus of the State and the Migrant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Padovan-Özdemir, Marta; Bauer, Angela

    with? What methodological implications do different concepts of the migrant like foreigner, non-citizen, seasonal worker, or illegal immigrant hold for migration research? How can research results based on different concepts be compared? Is it at all possible to study (post)modern migration...... perspective the other way around. What could be learned from studying state formation through the flows and lives of migrants? How are emigration and immigration constituents of state formation? Not least, how can a regional and global perspective on supranational institutions add explanatory value...

  18. 77 FR 64952 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; State Government Research and Development (R&D...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-24

    ... (R&D) Survey AGENCY: U.S. Census Bureau. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce, as part... surveys of research and development since 1953, including since 2006 the State Government R&D Survey. The... research, or development), and by R&D plant (e.g., construction projects). Final results produced by...

  19. 78 FR 30939 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests: State Library Administrative Agencies Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ... Administrative Agencies Survey, FY 2014 AGENCY: Institute of Museum and Library Services, The National Foundation... Notice is to solicit comments concerning the continuance of the State Library Administrative Agencies.... Swan, Senior Statistician, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Institute of Museum...

  20. 78 FR 37782 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Collection of State Level Data on Nutrition...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... Nutrition Assistance AGENCY: U.S. Census Bureau, Commerce. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of... Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) would like to... share Nutrition Assistance data with the Census Bureau. Data sharing and analysis of linked files are...

  1. The theory of transformations and autistic states. Autistic transformations: a proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fix Korbivcher, Celia

    2005-12-01

    This work integrates two areas of thinking: one in which the author develops considerations regarding observation methods of mental phenomena in psychoanalysis according to Bion's theory of transformations; the other in which she is concerned with the investigation of primitive mental states--protomental states--more specifically, the autistic states of neurotic patients, described by Tustin. Some ideas on the 'philosophical' position underlying transformations theory are elaborated, particularly emphasizing the idea that the same phenomenon in psychoanalysis may be considered from different perspectives, as long as it is situated within the theoretical reference frame to which it belongs. The author considers the idea that this method of phenomenon observation is part of a wider context of general human knowledge, in which uncertainty and relativity of concepts are the main components. By adopting transformations theory as a perspective of phenomena observation that pervades the analytical meeting, the author questions whether it is possible to include other groups of transformation of emotional experiences in this theory, which shows particular phenomena with specific qualities, distinct from those emphasized by Bion. She hypothesizes that autistic phenomena present in neurotic patients, characterizing autistic states, may be considered and detached, making up a particular group of transformation of emotional experience, which analysts often face in their daily practice. She names this group 'autistic transformations'.

  2. A Fiscal Analysis of Proposed Education Access Grants in Minneapolis. School Choice Issues in the State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maas, Ericca

    2005-01-01

    This study examines the fiscal impact of model legislation that would create Education Access Grants in Minnesota. The legislation would provide grants for low-income students to attend private schools. Specifically, this study examines the effect of implementing Education Access Grants in Minneapolis, the state's largest metropolitan area. It…

  3. A Proposal for Testing Local Realism Without Using Assumptions Related to Hidden Variable States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryff, Luiz Carlos

    1996-01-01

    A feasible experiment is discussed which allows us to prove a Bell's theorem for two particles without using an inequality. The experiment could be used to test local realism against quantum mechanics without the introduction of additional assumptions related to hidden variables states. Only assumptions based on direct experimental observation are needed.

  4. 77 FR 15991 - Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; Proposed 2012 Spiny Dogfish Fishery Specifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    .... Christopher M. Moore, Executive Director, Mid Atlantic Fishery Management Council, Suite 201, 800 N. State St... Annual Catch Limit (ACL) and Accountability Measures Omnibus Amendment process (September 29, 2011; 76 FR.... Authority: 16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq. Dated: March 13, 2012. Alan D. Risenhoover, Action Deputy...

  5. 76 FR 62074 - Proposed Revision of Performance Standards for State Medicaid Fraud Control Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... supersede standards published on September 26, 1994 (59 FR 49080). DATES: To ensure consideration, public... received, are subject to public disclosure. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Richard B. Stern, OIG Office... responsibilities of the State Medicaid agency and other law enforcement partners. Daniel R. Levinson,...

  6. Proposed Rabi-Kondo correlated state in a laser-driven semiconductor quantum dot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sbierski, B; Hanl, M; Weichselbaum, A; Türeci, H E; Goldstein, M; Glazman, L I; von Delft, J; Imamoğlu, A

    2013-10-11

    Spin exchange between a single-electron charged quantum dot and itinerant electrons leads to an emergence of Kondo correlations. When the quantum dot is driven resonantly by weak laser light, the resulting emission spectrum allows for a direct probe of these correlations. In the opposite limit of vanishing exchange interaction and strong laser drive, the quantum dot exhibits coherent oscillations between the single-spin and optically excited states. Here, we show that the interplay between strong exchange and nonperturbative laser coupling leads to the formation of a new nonequilibrium quantum-correlated state, characterized by the emergence of a laser-induced secondary spin screening cloud, and examine the implications for the emission spectrum.

  7. Nuclear theory group. Progress report and renewal proposal. [State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, G. E.; Jackson, A. D.; Kuo, T. T.S.; Feingold, Arnold M.; Yang, C. N.

    1979-01-01

    The work discussed covers a broad range of topics in theoretical nuclear and intermediate-energy physics and nuclear astrophysics. Primary emphasis is placed on understanding the underlying nucleon-nucleon and meson-nucleon interactions. The research is categorized as follows: fundamental interactions; intermediate-energy physics; effective interactions, nuclear models and many-body theory; structure of finite nuclei; nuclear astrophysics; heavy-ion physics; and numerical analysis. Page-length summaries of the work are given; completed work has been or will be published. Staff vitas, recent publications, and a proposed budget complete the report. (RWR)

  8. 76 FR 50254 - United States v. Verifone Systems, Inc. and Hypercom Corporation; Proposed Final Judgment and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ...., 56 F.3d 1448, 1461 (DC Cir. 1995); see generally United States v. SBC Commc'ns, Inc., 489 F. Supp. 2d.... 16(e)(1) (2006); see also SBC Commc'ns, 489 F. Supp. 2d at 11 (concluding that the 2004 amendments... require that the remedies perfectly match the alleged violations.'' SBC Commc'ns, 489 F. Supp. 2d at...

  9. Simulating Replica Exchange: Markov State Models, Proposal Schemes, and the Infinite Swapping Limit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Bin W; Dai, Wei; Gallicchio, Emilio; He, Peng; Xia, Junchao; Tan, Zhiqiang; Levy, Ronald M

    2016-08-25

    Replica exchange molecular dynamics is a multicanonical simulation technique commonly used to enhance the sampling of solvated biomolecules on rugged free energy landscapes. While replica exchange is relatively easy to implement, there are many unanswered questions about how to use this technique most efficiently, especially because it is frequently the case in practice that replica exchange simulations are not fully converged. A replica exchange cycle consists of a series of molecular dynamics steps of a set of replicas moving under different Hamiltonians or at different thermodynamic states followed by one or more replica exchange attempts to swap replicas among the different states. How the replica exchange cycle is constructed affects how rapidly the system equilibrates. We have constructed a Markov state model of replica exchange (MSMRE) using long molecular dynamics simulations of a host-guest binding system as an example, in order to study how different implementations of the replica exchange cycle can affect the sampling efficiency. We analyze how the number of replica exchange attempts per cycle, the number of MD steps per cycle, and the interaction between the two parameters affects the largest implied time scale of the MSMRE simulation. The infinite swapping limit is an important concept in replica exchange. We show how to estimate the infinite swapping limit from the diagonal elements of the exchange transition matrix constructed from MSMRE "simulations of simulations" as well as from relatively short runs of the actual replica exchange simulations.

  10. Proposed health state awareness of helicopter blades using an artificial neural network strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Andrew; Habtour, Ed; Gadsden, S. A.

    2016-05-01

    Structural health prognostics and diagnosis strategies can be classified as either model or signal-based. Artificial neural network strategies are popular signal-based techniques. This paper proposes the use of helicopter blades in order to study the sensitivity of an artificial neural network to structural fatigue. The experimental setup consists of a scale aluminum helicopter blade exposed to transverse vibratory excitation at the hub using single axis electrodynamic shaker. The intent of this study is to optimize an algorithm for processing high-dimensional data while retaining important information content in an effort to select input features and weights, as well as health parameters, for training a neural network. Data from accelerometers and piezoelectric transducers is collected from a known system designated as healthy. Structural damage will be introduced to different blades, which they will be designated as unhealthy. A variety of different tests will be performed to track the evolution and severity of the damage. A number of damage detection and diagnosis strategies will be implemented. A preliminary experiment was performed on aluminum cantilever beams providing a simpler model for implementation and proof of concept. Future work will look at utilizing the detection information as part of a hierarchical control system in order to mitigate structural damage and fatigue. The proposed approach may eliminate massive data storage on board of an aircraft through retaining relevant information only. The control system can then employ the relevant information to intelligently reconfigure adaptive maneuvers to avoid harmful regimes, thus, extending the life of the aircraft.

  11. A new proposed guidance system for beverage consumption in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popkin, Barry M; Armstrong, Lawrence E; Bray, George M; Caballero, Benjamin; Frei, Balz; Willett, Walter C

    2006-03-01

    The Beverage Guidance Panel was assembled to provide guidance on the relative health and nutritional benefits and risks of various beverage categories. The beverage panel was initiated by the first author. The Panel's purpose is to attempt to systematically review the literature on beverages and health and provide guidance to the consumer. An additional purpose of the Panel is to develop a deeper dialog among the scientific community on overall beverage consumption patterns in the United States and on the great potential to change this pattern as a way to improve health. Over the past several decades, levels of overweight and obesity have increased across all population groups in the United States. Concurrently, an increased daily intake of 150-300 kcal (for different age-sex groups) has occurred, with approximately 50% of the increased calories coming from the consumption of calorically sweetened beverages. The panel ranked beverages from the lowest to the highest value based on caloric and nutrient contents and related health benefits and risks. Drinking water was ranked as the preferred beverage to fulfill daily water needs and was followed in decreasing value by tea and coffee, low-fat (1.5% or 1%) and skim (nonfat) milk and soy beverages, noncalorically sweetened beverages, beverages with some nutritional benefits (fruit and vegetable juices, whole milk, alcohol, and sports drinks), and calorically sweetened, nutrient-poor beverages. The Panel recommends that the consumption of beverages with no or few calories should take precedence over the consumption of beverages with more calories.

  12. Basic diagnosis of solid waste generated at Agua Blanca State Park to propose waste management strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laines Canepa, José Ramón; Zequeira Larios, Carolina; Valadez Treviño, Maria Elena Macías; Garduza Sánchez, Diana Ivett

    2012-03-01

    State parks are highly sensitive areas of great natural importance and tourism value. Herein a case study involving a basic survey of solid waste which was carried out in 2006 in Agua Blanca State Park, Macuspana, Tabasco, Mexico with two sampling periods representing the high and low tourist season is presented. The survey had five objectives: to find out the number of visitors in the different seasons, to consider the daily generation of solid waste from tourist activities, to determine bulk density, to select and quantify sub-products; and to suggest a possible treatment. A daily average of 368 people visited the park: 18,862 people in 14 days during the high season holiday (in just one day, Easter Sunday, up to 4425 visitors) and 2092 visitors in 43 days during the low season. The average weight of the generated solid waste was 61.267 kg day(-1) and the generated solid waste average per person was 0.155 kg person(-1 ) day(-1). During the high season, the average increased to 0.188 kg person(-1 ) day(-1) and during the low season, the average decreased to 0.144 kg person(-1 ) day(-1). The bulk density average was 75.014 kg m(-3), the maximum value was 92.472 kg m(-3) and the minimum was 68.274 kg m(-3). The sub-products comprised 54.52% inorganic matter; 32.03% organic matter, 10.60% non-recyclable and 2.85% others. Based on these results, waste management strategies such as reuse/recycling, aerobic and anaerobic digestion, the construction of a manual landfill and the employment of a specialist firm were suggested.

  13. Proposal for manipulating and detecting spin and orbital States of trapped electrons on helium using cavity quantum electrodynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuster, D I; Fragner, A; Dykman, M I; Lyon, S A; Schoelkopf, R J

    2010-07-23

    We propose a hybrid architecture in which an on-chip high finesse superconducting cavity is coupled to the lateral motion and spin state of a single electron trapped on the surface of superfluid helium. We estimate the motional coherence times to exceed 15  μs, while energy will be coherently exchanged with the cavity photons in less than 10 ns for charge states and faster than 1  μs for spin states, making the system attractive for quantum information processing and strong coupling cavity quantum electrodynamics experiments. The cavity is used for nondestructive readout and as a quantum bus mediating interactions between distant electrons or an electron and a superconducting qubit.

  14. Using model-based proposals for fast parameter inference on discrete state space, continuous-time Markov processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pooley, C M; Bishop, S C; Marion, G

    2015-06-06

    Bayesian statistics provides a framework for the integration of dynamic models with incomplete data to enable inference of model parameters and unobserved aspects of the system under study. An important class of dynamic models is discrete state space, continuous-time Markov processes (DCTMPs). Simulated via the Doob-Gillespie algorithm, these have been used to model systems ranging from chemistry to ecology to epidemiology. A new type of proposal, termed 'model-based proposal' (MBP), is developed for the efficient implementation of Bayesian inference in DCTMPs using Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). This new method, which in principle can be applied to any DCTMP, is compared (using simple epidemiological SIS and SIR models as easy to follow exemplars) to a standard MCMC approach and a recently proposed particle MCMC (PMCMC) technique. When measurements are made on a single-state variable (e.g. the number of infected individuals in a population during an epidemic), model-based proposal MCMC (MBP-MCMC) is marginally faster than PMCMC (by a factor of 2-8 for the tests performed), and significantly faster than the standard MCMC scheme (by a factor of 400 at least). However, when model complexity increases and measurements are made on more than one state variable (e.g. simultaneously on the number of infected individuals in spatially separated subpopulations), MBP-MCMC is significantly faster than PMCMC (more than 100-fold for just four subpopulations) and this difference becomes increasingly large. © 2015 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

  15. Michaelis-Menten Kinetics in Transient State: Proposal for Reversible Inhibition Model and its Application on Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Disaccharides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Rosa Martins

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The enzymatic processes according Michaelis-Menten kinetics have been studied from various approaches to describe the inhibition state. Proposals for inhibition were compared from a generic process, where kinetic constants have received unitary values, and the numeric value of the concentration of substrate was ten (10 times higher than the numerical value of the concentration of enzyme. For each inhibition model proposed, numerical solutions were obtained from nonlinear system of ordinary differential equations, generating results presents by graphs showing the variation of the enzyme and enzyme complexes, also the variation of substrate and product of the reaction. Also, was designed a model with performance, indicating similar behavior to that seen in the Michaelis-Menten kinetics, where complex of reaction is rapidly formed and throughout the process, tends to decay to zero. Thus, in this new proposed model, the effect of inhibition starts at zero and, throughout the process, tends to the nominal value of the initial enzyme concentration. Such responses have proved to be valid for different values of enzyme concentration and process time, showing robustness. The proposed model was applied to the hydrolysis of disaccharides, providing a setting with conservation of mass of the model at the end of the process regarding the responses of the carbohydrate concentration.

  16. 40 CFR 142.310 - How can a person served by the public water system obtain EPA review of a State proposed small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... water system obtain EPA review of a State proposed small system variance? 142.310 Section 142.310....310 How can a person served by the public water system obtain EPA review of a State proposed small system variance? (a) Any person served by the public water system may petition the Administrator...

  17. Proposal of lead time reduction in the thermoelectric products line of a small company in the State of Sao Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Veríssimo Soulé

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Quick Response Manufacturing (QRM is a way manufacturing companies may increase their flexibility. Manufacturing flexibility is a key to differentiation and enhancement of competitiveness. There is few empirical research on the topic of how small and medium-sized enterprises (SME may benefit from QRM, what may impact the appropriation of this approach by these important actors of our economy. This article aims to present the results of a project which applied QRM to reduce the lead time of a small company located in the state of Sao Paulo. It was proposed to a balance the throughputs of slow operations, reducing 50% of production batches; b implement cellular manufacturing and improvements in the management of Work In Process, using the POLCA system and visual management; c implement an integrated sales and operations planning (S&OP and rules for prioritization of orders. It was identified that the proposal would generate a lead time reduction from 39 to 21.3 days and a decrease of at least 51% in the raw materials stock costs. During the research, the following conclusions could be drawn: a problems in management, investment capacity and relationship with suppliers are frequent in family-owned SMEs; b QRM approach can be adapted to work within this environment; c the knowledge developed in academia can be an important tool to help family-owned SMEs to supplant these obstacles.

  18. Tri-State Synfuels Project Review: Volume 12. Fluor project status. [Proposed Henderson, Kentucky coal to gasoline plant; engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-06-01

    The purpose of this report is to document and summarize activities associated with Fluor's efforts on the Tri-State Synfuels Project. The proposed facility was to be coal-to-transport fuels facility located in Henderson, Kentucky. Tri-State Synfuels Company was participating in the project as a partner of the US Department of Energy per terms of a Cooperative Agreement resulting from DOE's synfuel's program solicitation. Fluor's initial work plan called for preliminary engineering and procurement services to the point of commitment for construction for a Sasol Fischer-Tropsch plant. Work proceeded as planned until October 1981 when results of alternative coal-to-methanol studies revealed the economic disadvantage of the Synthol design for US markets. A number of alternative process studies followed to determine the best process configuration. In January 1982 Tri-State officially announced a change from Synthol to a Methanol to Gasoline (MTG) design basis. Further evaluation and cost estimates for the MTG facility eventually led to the conclusion that, given the depressed economic outlook for alternative fuels development, the project should be terminated. Official announcement of cancellation was made on April 13, 1982. At the time of project cancellation, Fluor had completed significant portions of the preliminary engineering effort. Included in this report are descriptions and summaries of Fluor's work during this project. In addition location of key project data and materials is identified and status reports for each operation are presented.

  19. Methodology for determining whether an increase in a state's child poverty rate is the result of the TANF program--Administration for Children and Families, HHS. Proposed rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-09-23

    The Administration for Children and Families is proposing a methodology to determine the child poverty rate in each State. If a State experiences an increase in its child poverty rate of 5 percent or more as a result of its Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, the State must submit and implement a corrective action plan. This requirement is a part of the new welfare reform block grant program enacted in 1996.

  20. 76 FR 71355 - United States et al. v. Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Montana, Inc. et al.; Proposed Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-17

    ... affordable prices can attract businesses and jobs to a state or region, and higher health-insurance prices.... *Attorney of Record. FOR PLAINTIFF STATE OF MONTANA: Steve Bullock, Attorney General of Montana. James...

  1. 78 FR 17473 - United States v. Verizon Communications Inc., et al.; Public Comments and Response on Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... have less flexibility in approving proposed consent decrees than in crafting their own decrees... threaten competition, or even simply executing new versions of the Commercial Agreements, without notifying...

  2. Environmental Assessment : Proposed cooperative state-managed Canada Goose Hunting Program on the Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Environmental Assessment for the proposed Canada Goose Hunting Program on Ottawa NWR provides descriptions of the program and the environment, summarizes the...

  3. 78 FR 15674 - Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; Proposed 2013-2015 Spiny Dogfish Fishery Specifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ... and trip-level spiny dogfish revenues relative to the status quo. The proposed action is expected to... jeopardizing the long-term sustainability of the stock. Therefore, the economic impacts resulting from...

  4. 78 FR 39765 - Notice of Proposed Classification of Public Lands/Minerals for State Indemnity Selection, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ..., Routt and San Miguel counties, Colorado, and are described as follows: New Mexico Principal Meridian...\\ (geothermal steam); Sec. 18, N\\1/2\\SE\\1/4\\ and SW\\1/4\\SE\\1/4\\ (geothermal steam). T. 4 S., R. 83 W., Sec. 17... to the State or may be reserved by the United States. Oil and gas, geothermal, or other leases...

  5. 77 FR 74449 - Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters; Proposed Rule; Stay

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-14

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 131 RIN 2040-AF41 Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing... regulation the ``Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters; Final Rule... Information Does this action apply to me? Citizens concerned with water quality in Florida may be interested...

  6. Legislating better access. States and national organizations ready their own proposals as solving the national uninsured crisis takes center stage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romano, Michael

    2007-01-15

    With little action from Congress, increasingly states and national groups are addressing the uninsured crisis. Last week California became the latest to join the cause, with a bold plan from Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger. "It's very clear that substantial movement on healthcare insurance is in the air and in the news," says Richard Cauchi, left, of the National Conference of State Legislatures.

  7. 78 FR 53779 - Notice To Extend Mineral Segregation for the Proposed Silver State Solar Project Near Primm in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... solar energy project would consist of photovoltaic panels and related ROW appurtenances, including a... Silver State Solar Project Near Primm in Clark County, Nevada AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Silver State Solar, LLC, has submitted a right-of-way (ROW) application for...

  8. A proposed experimental method to determine $\\alpha$-sensitivity of splitting between ground and 7.6 eV isomeric states in Th-229

    OpenAIRE

    Berengut, J. C.; Dzuba, V. A.; Flambaum, V. V.; Porsev, S. G.

    2009-01-01

    The 7.6 eV electromagnetic transition between the nearly degenerate ground state and first excited state in the Th-229 nucleus may be very sensitive to potential changes in the fine-structure constant, $\\alpha = e^2/\\hbar c$. However, the sensitivity is not known, and nuclear calculations are currently unable to determine it. We propose measurements of the differences of atomic transition frequencies between thorium atoms (or ions) with the nucleus in the ground state and in the first excited...

  9. 76 FR 68210 - United States v. George's Foods, LLC, et al.; Public Comment and Response on Proposed Final Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ... is entitled to deference in crafting its antitrust settlements.\\2\\ See generally United States v... Defendants have contracts executed for the required investments at the time Court enters the Judgment, the...

  10. 34 CFR 79.8 - How does the Secretary provide States an opportunity to comment on proposed Federal financial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., the Secretary notifies each applicant and each State Single Point of Contact (SPOC) of the date by which SPOC comments should be submitted. (2) If the comments relate to applications for new grants,...

  11. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-21

    based primarily on immediate protection of the United States, its personnel, or citizens. Thus, it can be argued that Article II alone might not...September 8, 2014 H.J.Res. 125 Authorization for Use of Military Force Against ISIL Resolution Representative Adam Schiff September 16, 2014 H.J.Res... application of existing AUMFs, the repeal 6 H.J.Res. 125 states that the limitation does not apply

  12. 76 FR 55111 - United States v. General Electric Co., et al.; Proposed Final Judgment and Competitive Impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    .... These assets will provide the acquirer with the physical tools (e.g., equipment, inventory, business... Complaint, requires GE to divest the Converteam Electric Machinery Business, which produces low-speed... associated with the business. Copies of the Complaint, proposed Final Judgment and Competitive Impact...

  13. Proposal to use vibration analysis steering components and car body to monitor, for example, the state of unbalance wheel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janczur, R.

    2016-09-01

    The results of road tests of car VW Passat equipped with tires of size 195/65 R15, on the influence of the unbalancing front wheel on vibration of the parts of steering system, steering wheel and the body of the vehicle have been presented in this paper. Unbalances wheels made using weights of different masses, placed close to the outer edge of the steel rim and checked on the machine Hunter GSP 9700 for balancing wheels. The recorded waveforms vibration steering components and car body, at different constant driving speeds, subjected to spectral analysis to determine the possibility of isolating vibration caused by unbalanced wheel in various states and coming from good quality asphalt road surface. The results were discussed in terms of the possibility of identifying the state of unbalancing wheels and possible changes in radial stiffness of the tire vibration transmitted through the system driving wheel on the steering wheel. Vibration analysis steering components and car body, also in the longitudinal direction, including information from the CAN bus of the state of motion of the car, can be used to monitor the development of the state of unbalance wheel, tire damage or errors shape of brake discs or brake drums, causing pulsations braking forces.

  14. 77 FR 51048 - United States et al. v. Verizon Communications Inc. et al.; Proposed Final Judgment and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    ...; COX COMMUNICATIONS, INC., 1400 Lake Hearn Drive, Atlanta, GA 30319, and BRIGHT HOUSE NETWORKS, LLC, 5000 Campuswood Drive, East Syracuse, NY 13057, Defendants. ] COMPLAINT The United States of America... data services (e.g., texting and Internet access) provided over a radio network and allow customers...

  15. 78 FR 79485 - United States v. Gannett Co., Inc., Belo Corp., and Sander Media LLC; Proposed Final Judgment and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ... competition substantially and would restrain trade in the sale of broadcast television spot advertising in the... television stations and numerous newspapers throughout the United States. Consummation of Gannett's... already owns broadcast television stations or newspapers. To comply with these ownership rules,...

  16. 75 FR 52582 - Notice of Proposal To Extend the Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-26

    ... Government of the Republic of Colombia Concerning the Imposition of Import Restrictions on Archaeological... Colombia The Government of the Republic of Colombia has informed the Government of the United States of its... Government of the Republic of Colombia Concerning the Imposition of Import Restrictions on...

  17. 77 FR 44271 - United States v. Apple, Inc., et al.; Public Comments and Response on Proposed Final Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-27

    ... publishers in the United States (``Publisher Defendants'') restrained competition in the sale of electronic...://goodereader.com/blog/electronic-readers/how-will-the-microsoft-surface-tablet-function-as-an-e-reader . \\7... picture not hypercritically, nor with a microscope, but with an artist's reducing glass''). See...

  18. Data Center IT Equipment Energy Assessment Tools: Current State of Commercial Tools, Proposal for a Future Set of Assessment Tools

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radhakrishnan, Ben D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); National Univ., San Diego, CA (United States). School of Engineering

    2012-06-30

    This research project, which was conducted during the Summer and Fall of 2011, investigated some commercially available assessment tools with a focus on IT equipment to see if such tools could round out the DC Pro tool suite. In this research, the assessment capabilities of the various tools were compiled to help make “non-biased” information available to the public. This research should not be considered to be exhaustive on all existing vendor tools although a number of vendors were contacted. Large IT equipment OEM’s like IBM and Dell provide their proprietary internal automated software which does not work on any other IT equipment. However, found two companies with products that showed promise in performing automated assessments for IT equipment from different OEM vendors. This report documents the research and provides a list of software products reviewed, contacts and websites, product details, discussions with specific companies, a set of recommendations, and next steps. As a result of this research, a simple 3-level approach to an IT assessment tool is proposed along with an example of an assessment using a simple IT equipment data collection tool (Level 1, spreadsheet). The tool has been reviewed with the Green Grid and LBNL staff. The initial feedback has been positive although further refinement to the tool will be necessary. Proposed next steps include a field trial of at least two vendors’ software in two different data centers with an objective to prove the concept, ascertain the extent of energy and computational assessment, ease of installation and opportunities for continuous improvement. Based on the discussions, field trials (or case studies) are proposed with two vendors – JouleX (expected to be completed in 2012) and Sentilla.

  19. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-06

    Iraq in August 2014. Later in September, after laying out plans for expanded use of military force against the Islamic State in a televised speech...agenda, such authorization could prove to be far reaching. S.J.Res. 44 also authorizes the use of force to “protect individuals from acts of violence ...to protect individuals from acts of violence in clear contravention of international law and basic human rights” CRS-13 Provision H.R. 5415

  20. Phase diagram of electron systems near the superconductor-insulator transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokrovsky, V L; Falco, G M; Nattermann, T

    2010-12-31

    The zero temperature phase diagram of Cooper pairs exposed to disorder and a magnetic field is determined theoretically from a variational approach. Four distinct phases are found: a Bose and a Fermi insulating, a metallic, and a superconducting phase, respectively. The results explain the giant negative magnetoresistance found experimentally in In-O, TiN, Be and high-T(c) materials.

  1. Gate-tuned Superconductor-Insulator transition in (Li,Fe)OHFeSe

    OpenAIRE

    Lei, B; Xiang, Z. J.; Lu, X. F.; Wang, N. Z.; Chang, J. R.; Shang, C.; Luo, X. G.; Wu, T.; Z. Sun; Chen, X. H.

    2015-01-01

    The antiferromagnetic(AFM) insulator-superconductor transition has been always a center of interest in the underlying physics of unconventional superconductors. The quantum phase transition between Mott insulator with AFM and superconductor can be induced by doping charge carriers in high-Tc cuprate superconductors. For the best characterized organic superconductors of k-(BEDT-TTF)2X (X=anion), a first order transition between AFM insulator and superconductor can be tuned by applied external ...

  2. Vortices and quasiparticles near the superconductor-insulator transition in thin films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galitski, Victor M; Refael, G; Fisher, Matthew P A; Senthil, T

    2005-08-12

    We study the low temperature behavior of an amorphous superconducting film driven normal by a perpendicular magnetic-field (B). For this purpose we introduce a new two-fluid formulation consisting of fermionized field-induced vortices and electrically neutralized Bogoliubov quasiparticles (spinons) interacting via a long-ranged statistical interaction. This approach allows us to access a novel non-Fermi-liquid phase, which naturally interpolates between the low B superconductor and the high B normal metal. We discuss the properties of the resulting "vortex metal" phase.

  3. Room temperature deposition of superconducting NbN for superconductor-insulator-superconductor junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakoor, S.; Leduc, H. G.; Thakoor, A. P.; Lambe, J.; Khanna, S. K.

    1986-01-01

    The deposition of stoichiometric B1-crystal-structure (111) NbN films on glass or sapphire substrates by reactive dc magnetron sputtering is reported. High-purity Ar-N2 mixtures are used in the apparatus described by Thakoor et al. (1985), and typical deposition parameters are given as background pressure about 10 ntorr, voltage -325 V, current 1 A, deposition rate 1.35 nm/s, film thickness 500 nm, P(Ar) 5-17 mtorr, initial P(N2) 2-6 mtorr, and room temperature. The N2 consumption-injection characteristics are studied and found to control NbN formation using well-conditioned Nb targets. Films with transition temperatures 15-16 K are obtained at P(Ar) = 12.9 + or - 0.2 mtorr and P(N2) = 3.7 + or - 0.1 mtorr. SIS junctions of area about 0.001 sq cm fabricated using the NbN films are shown to have I-V characteristics with nonlinearity parameter about 110 and NbN superconducting-gap parameter Delta = about 2.8 meV.

  4. Quantum criticality at the superconductor-insulator transition revealed by specific heat measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poran, S.; Nguyen-Duc, T.; Auerbach, A.; Dupuis, N.; Frydman, A.; Bourgeois, Olivier

    2017-01-01

    The superconductor–insulator transition (SIT) is considered an excellent example of a quantum phase transition that is driven by quantum fluctuations at zero temperature. The quantum critical point is characterized by a diverging correlation length and a vanishing energy scale. Low-energy fluctuations near quantum criticality may be experimentally detected by specific heat, cp, measurements. Here we use a unique highly sensitive experiment to measure cp of two-dimensional granular Pb films through the SIT. The specific heat shows the usual jump at the mean field superconducting transition temperature marking the onset of Cooper pairs formation. As the film thickness is tuned towards the SIT, is relatively unchanged, while the magnitude of the jump and low-temperature specific heat increase significantly. This behaviour is taken as the thermodynamic fingerprint of quantum criticality in the vicinity of a quantum phase transition. PMID:28224994

  5. High transition temperature superconductor/insulator bilayers for the development of ultra-fast electronics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sirena, M.; Félix, L. Avilés [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Bustillo 9500, 8400 Bariloche (Argentina); Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo and CNEA, 8400 Bariloche (Argentina); Haberkorn, N. [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Bustillo 9500, 8400 Bariloche (Argentina)

    2013-07-29

    High transition temperature superconductor (HTc)/SrTiO{sub 3} (STO) bilayers were fabricated by sputtering deposition on (100) STO substrates. Their transport and morphological properties were characterized using conductive atomic force microscopy. The STO barriers present good insulating properties, with long attenuation lengths (λ ∼ 1 nm) which reduce the junction resistance and increase the operating critical current. The samples present roughness values smaller than 1 nm, with an extremely low density of surface defects (∼5 × 10{sup −5} defects/μm{sup 2}). The high control of the barrier quality over large defect free surfaces is encouraging for the development of microelectronics devices based in HTc Josephson junctions.

  6. High transition temperature superconductor/insulator bilayers for the development of ultra-fast electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirena, M.; Félix, L. Avilés; Haberkorn, N.

    2013-07-01

    High transition temperature superconductor (HTc)/SrTiO3 (STO) bilayers were fabricated by sputtering deposition on (100) STO substrates. Their transport and morphological properties were characterized using conductive atomic force microscopy. The STO barriers present good insulating properties, with long attenuation lengths (λ ˜ 1 nm) which reduce the junction resistance and increase the operating critical current. The samples present roughness values smaller than 1 nm, with an extremely low density of surface defects (˜5 × 10-5 defects/μm2). The high control of the barrier quality over large defect free surfaces is encouraging for the development of microelectronics devices based in HTc Josephson junctions.

  7. P-wave holographic superconductor/insulator phase transitions affected by dark matter sector

    CERN Document Server

    Rogatko, Marek

    2015-01-01

    The holographic approach to building the p-wave superconductors results in three different models: the Maxwell-vector, the SU(2) Yang-Mills and the helical one. In the probe limit approximation, we analytically examine the properties of the first two models in the theory with {\\it dark matter} sector. It turns out that the effect of dark matter on the Maxwell-vector p-wave model is the same as on the s-wave superconductor studied earlier. For the non-Abelian model we study the phase transitions between p-wave holographic insulator/superconductor and metal/superconductor. Studies of marginally stable modes in the theory under consideration allow us to determine features of p-wave holographic droplet in a constant magnetic field. The superconducting transition temperature increases with the growth of the {\\it dark matter} sector coupling constant $\\alpha$, while the critical chemical potential $\\mu_c$ for the quantum phase transition between insulator and metal is a decreasing function of $\\alpha$.

  8. Bistability in voltage-biased normal-metal/insulator/superconductor/insulator/normal-metal structures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Snyman, I.; Nazarov, Y.V.

    2009-01-01

    As a generic example of a voltage-driven superconducting structure, we study a short superconductor connected to normal leads by means of low transparency tunnel junctions with a voltage bias V between the leads. The superconducting order parameter Δ is to be determined self-consistently. We study t

  9. Proposed conservation plan for the black rhinoceros Diceros bicomis in South Africa, the TBVC* states and Namibia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.M. Brooks

    1989-10-01

    Full Text Available Selected Papers from the Rhinoceros Conservation Workshop, Skukuza, Kruger National Park,31 August – 4 September 1988 The conservation plan for the black rhinoceros presents specific aims and management guidelines for the conservation of the African black rhinoceros Diceros bicomis in the Republic of South Africa, the TBVC states and Namibia. The adoption of this plan, and the application of the strategies described therein (managing existing populations, establishing new populations and aspects of captive breeding by the relevant conservation authorities should enhance the survival prospects of this species, both in the region and globally.

  10. Running Head: Texas State Children’s Health Insurance Program. Proposed Solutions for the Continuance of the Texas State Children’s Health Insurance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    150 percent of the FPL, they are not subject to what is called an asset test. An asset test is used to figure out the level of countable assets...26.3 billion. The cost for uninsured children who received uncompensated care that year was $3.6 billion (Hadley & Holahan , 2004). Federal Funding...expansion program as well as a stand alone SCHIP program called CHIP (Kaiser State Health Facts [KSHF], http://www.statehealthfacts.org/chfs.jsp?rgn

  11. Proposed rulemaking on the storage and disposal of nuclear waste. Cross-statement of the United States Department of Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-09-05

    The US DOE cross-statement in the matter of proposed rulemaking in the storage and disposal of nuclear wastes is presented. It is concluded from evidence contained in the document that: (1) spent fuel can be disposed of in a manner that is safe and environmentally acceptable; (2) present plans for establishing geological repositories are an effective and reasonable means of disposal; (3) spent nuclear fuel from licensed facilities can be stored in a safe and environmentally acceptable manner on-site or off-site until disposal facilities are ready; (4) sufficient additional storage capacity for spent fuel will be established; and (5) the disposal and interim storage systems for spent nuclear fuel will be integrated into an acceptable operating system. It was recommended that the commission should promulgate a rule providing that the safety and environmental implications of spent nuclear fuel remaining on site after the anticipated expiration of the facility licenses involved need not be considered in individual facility licensing proceedings. A prompt finding of confidence in the nuclear waste disposal and storage area by the commission is also recommeded. (DMC)

  12. State of the Art of Environmental Dosimetry: 11th International Intercomparison and Proposed Performance Tests (invited paper)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klemic, G.; Shebell, P.; Miller, K.; Azziz, N. [New York (United States); Shobe, J.; Lamperti, P.; Soares, C. [Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Sengupta, S.; Holeman, G.; Kahnhauser, H.; Carolan, P.T. [Upton, NY (United States); Moscovitch, M. [Washington, DC (United States)

    1999-07-01

    The eleventh international intercomparison of environmental dosemeters was organised by the Environmental Measurements Laboratory in collaboration with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Brookhaven National Laboratory. One hundred and twenty one participants from 31 countries submitted 174 sets of dosemeters, including thermoluminescence dosemeters (TLDs), film, electrets, and a Geiger-Mueller device. An outdoor field site was used to expose dosemeters to natural radiation for three months, while other dosemeters were exposed to {sup 137}Cs and {sup 241}Am laboratory sources. A pressurised ionisation chamber, operated continuously at the field site, provided an independent measure of the air kerma in the field, and laboratory air kerma values were verified with chambers calibrated by NIST. Results are presented and current issues in environmental dosimetry are highlighted, including the field performance of new hypersensitive TLD materials. Preliminary results are given from a pilot test of a proposed standard from the American National Standards Institute that provides performance test criteria for environmental dosemeters. (author)

  13. Assessing the invasive potential of biofuel species proposed for Florida and the United States using the Australian Weed Risk Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gordon, D.R. [The Nature Conservancy, PO Box 118526, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Department of Biology, PO Box 118526, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Tancig, K.J. [PO Box 116455, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Onderdonk, D.A.; Gantz, C.A. [Department of Biology, PO Box 118526, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

    2011-01-15

    Twelve taxa under exploration as bioenergy crops in Florida and the U.S. were evaluated for potential invasiveness using the Australian Weed Risk Assessment system (WRA) modified for separate assessment at the state and national scales. When tested across a range of geographies, this system correctly identifies invaders 90%, and non-invaders 70% of the time, on average. Predictions for Florida were the same as for the U.S. Arundo donax, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Eucalyptus grandis, Jatropha curcas, Leucaena leucocephala, Pennisetum purpureum, and Ricinus communis were found to have a high probability of becoming invasive, while Miscanthus x giganteus, Saccharum arundinaceum, Saccharum officinarum, and the sweet variety of Sorghum bicolor have a low probability of becoming invasive. Eucalyptus amplifolia requires further evaluation before a prediction is possible. These results are consistent with reports on other tests of these taxa. Given the economic and ecological impacts of invasive species, including the carbon expended for mechanical and chemical control efforts, cultivation of taxa likely to become invasive should be avoided. (author)

  14. Proposal for a Revised Programme of Studies at the Faculty of Engineering, Ondo State University Using the Pedagogical Model at AUC as Reference

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Mogens B.; Borch, Ole; Esan, A. A.

    The present report suggests a revised Programme of Studies at the Faculty of Engineering at Ondo State University. The proposal is based on the present undergraduate teaching programme at the Faculty but at the same time it introduces the pedagogical approach in use at Aalborg University as a met....... It is to be hoped that it will form the basis for fruitful discussions among all parties involved and that it will result in an agreed programme to be implemented at the Faculty of Engineering in a foreseeable future....

  15. CMOS image sensor with organic photoconductive layer having narrow absorption band and proposal of stack type solid-state image sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takada, Shunji; Ihama, Mikio; Inuiya, Masafumi

    2006-02-01

    Digital still cameras overtook film cameras in Japanese market in 2000 in terms of sales volume owing to their versatile functions. However, the image-capturing capabilities such as sensitivity and latitude of color films are still superior to those of digital image sensors. In this paper, we attribute the cause for the high performance of color films to their multi-layered structure, and propose the solid-state image sensors with stacked organic photoconductive layers having narrow absorption bands on CMOS read-out circuits.

  16. Nuclear theory group progress report and renewal proposal. December 1, 1978--November 30, 1979. [State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, G E; Jackson, A D; Kuo, T T.S.

    1979-12-01

    The proposed work covers a broad range of topics in theoretical nuclear and intermediate-energy physics and in nuclear astrophysics. With free nucleon--nucleon interactions as a basis, effective forces in nuclei are constructed through a chain of field-theoretic, dispersions and many-body techniques. Dynamical theories of nuclear excitations are constructed. Infinite nuclear systems at a variety of densities are studied in order to determine reliable equations of state for nuclear and neutron matter. These equations of state are applied in astrophysical problems, such as the gravitational collapse of stars, as well as in standard nuclear contexts. Brief summaries of individual projects completed and planned are given. Completed research is reported in the appropriate places.

  17. Black Hole on a Chip: Proposal for a Physical Realization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model in a Solid-State System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pikulin, D. I.; Franz, M.

    2017-07-01

    A system of Majorana zero modes with random infinite-range interactions—the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model—is thought to exhibit an intriguing relation to the horizons of extremal black holes in two-dimensional anti-de Sitter space. This connection provides a rare example of holographic duality between a solvable quantum-mechanical model and dilaton gravity. Here, we propose a physical realization of the SYK model in a solid-state system. The proposed setup employs the Fu-Kane superconductor realized at the interface between a three-dimensional topological insulator and an ordinary superconductor. The requisite N Majorana zero modes are bound to a nanoscale hole fabricated in the superconductor that is threaded by N quanta of magnetic flux. We show that when the system is tuned to the surface neutrality point (i.e., chemical potential coincident with the Dirac point of the topological insulator surface state) and the hole has sufficiently irregular shape, the Majorana zero modes are described by the SYK Hamiltonian. We perform extensive numerical simulations to demonstrate that the system indeed exhibits physical properties expected of the SYK model, including thermodynamic quantities and two-point as well as four-point correlators, and discuss ways in which these can be observed experimentally.

  18. Black Hole on a Chip: Proposal for a Physical Realization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model in a Solid-State System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. I. Pikulin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available A system of Majorana zero modes with random infinite-range interactions—the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK model—is thought to exhibit an intriguing relation to the horizons of extremal black holes in two-dimensional anti–de Sitter space. This connection provides a rare example of holographic duality between a solvable quantum-mechanical model and dilaton gravity. Here, we propose a physical realization of the SYK model in a solid-state system. The proposed setup employs the Fu-Kane superconductor realized at the interface between a three-dimensional topological insulator and an ordinary superconductor. The requisite N Majorana zero modes are bound to a nanoscale hole fabricated in the superconductor that is threaded by N quanta of magnetic flux. We show that when the system is tuned to the surface neutrality point (i.e., chemical potential coincident with the Dirac point of the topological insulator surface state and the hole has sufficiently irregular shape, the Majorana zero modes are described by the SYK Hamiltonian. We perform extensive numerical simulations to demonstrate that the system indeed exhibits physical properties expected of the SYK model, including thermodynamic quantities and two-point as well as four-point correlators, and discuss ways in which these can be observed experimentally.

  19. Periodontics II: Course Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dordick, Bruce

    A proposal is presented for Periodontics II, a course offered at the Community College of Philadelphia to give the dental hygiene/assisting student an understanding of the disease states of the periodontium and their treatment. A standardized course proposal cover form is given, followed by a statement of purpose for the course, a list of major…

  20. Thesis Proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Erik

    2010-01-01

    Strukturen i Thesis proposal er følgende: Først præsenteres mine konkrete empiriske forskningsprojekter som skal munde ud i afhandlingens artikler. Jeg præsenterer herefter de teoretiske overvejelser omkring oplevelsesbegrebet og forbrugerkulturteori som danner baggrund for at jeg er nået frem til...

  1. Immodest Proposals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardzell, Jeffrey; Bardzell, Shaowen; Hansen, Lone Koefoed

    2015-01-01

    This paper offers theoretical support for research through design (RtD) by arguing that to legitimize and make use of research through design as research, HCI researchers need to explore and clarify how RtD objects contribute to knowledge. One way to pursue this goal is to leverage knowledge...... fiction Menstruation Machine by Sputniko!, the paper explores how design objects coproduce knowledge, by working through complex design problem spaces in non-reductive ways, proposing new connections and distinctions, and embodying design ideas and processes across time and minds.......-producing tactics of the arts and humanities traditions of aesthetics, key among which is a communitywide and ongoing critical analysis of aesthetic objects. Along these lines, we argue that while the intentions of the object’s designer are important and annotations are a good mechanism to articulate them...

  2. Pre-release assessment of Gadirtha inexacta a proposed biological control agent of Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera) in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Native to China, Chinese tallow, Triadica sebifera (Euphorbiaceae) is an aggressive woody invader in the southeastern United States. The noctuid, Gadirtha inexacta, is a multivoltine herbivore attacking this plant in China. To evaluate its potential as a biological control agent in the United States...

  3. Photovoltaic plants of PRODEEM, state of Sao Paulo, Brazil and a proposal for regional organization; Instalacoes fotovoltaicas do PRODEEM - Sao Paulo e uma proposta de organizacao regional

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Maria Julita Guerra; Campos, Ubirajara Sampaio de [Secretaria de Estado de Energia de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    1999-07-01

    This paper presents an overview on the Photovoltaic Systems for Water Pumping in Temporary Settlements in the State of Sao Paulo - Brazil project, submitted for approval of the Brazilian PRODEEM (Program for the Energetic Development of States and Municipal Districts). This project aims the electric power viability for rural workers settlement in the Pontal do Parapanema region, providing the water supply for families and cattle.

  4. Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit PP-63 and Associated Modifications to 500-kV International Transmission Line: Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada, Northern States Power Company. Addendum to the final Environmental Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-10-01

    This Addendum to the Final Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit PP-63 and Associated Modifications to 500 kV International Transmission Line: Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada (DOE/EA-587) addresses Northern States Power Company`s (NSP) proposed expansion of the Forbes Substation. The applicant has requested that the expansion take place on the west side of the substation, within the existing property line, instead of on the north side as originally proposed. All of the proposed construction would take place on property already owned by NSP. DOE has reviewed the environmental impacts associated with this minor modification and has determined that the conclusions reached in the environmental assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact prepared in connection with NSP`s original amendment request remain valid.

  5. Chemical production of excited states in biology: mechanism, regulation and function. Renewal proposal and tri-annual summary report, July 1, 1974--June 30, 1977

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seliger, H H

    1977-01-01

    Progress is reported on studies of molecular mechanisms involved in bioluminescent reactions in fireflies, in purified calcium-activated photoproteins from marine microorganisms, and in marine dinoflagellates. The role of luciferase binding protein mechanisms in photon-stimulated bioluminescence is discussed. The use of chemiluminescence as an assay technique for nicotine in tobacco smoke and carcinogenic hydrocarbons in environmental samples is proposed and the requirements for such an assay system are reviewed.

  6. A Plan for Continuing Education in Nursing in Five North Central States (Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, and Wisconsin): A Proposal for Discussion and Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Signe W.; Byrns, Helene Hestad

    The purpose of the paper is to provide recommendations and suggest approaches for the coordination of continuing education in the North Central States of Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, and Wisconsin. The document is directed to non-credit continuing education exclusively and does not consider inservice education within its scope.…

  7. 11:30 AM EST: EPA to Hold Media Call on Proposed Updates to the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    WASHINGTON- Today at 11:30 a.m. EST, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will hold a media call about an update to the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule. EPA is committed to protecting the lives and health of Americans by addressing the prob

  8. 40 CFR 142.308 - What public notice is required before a State or the Administrator proposes to issue a small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... process under § 142.310 and information on contacting the EPA Regional Office; (6) a brief statement... communities with a large proportion of non-English-speaking residents, as determined by the primacy agency...) Prior to promulgating the final variance, the State or the Administrator must respond in writing to...

  9. Propuestas de reforma en salud y equidad en Uruguay: ¿redefinición del Welfare State? Proposals for health reform and equity in Uruguay: a redefinition of the Welfare State?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam Mitjavila

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se realizan una revisión y un análisis de las propuestas de reforma del sector Salud en Uruguay, y de los posibles efectos de estas reformas en términos de equidad, estructura institucional del sector y relaciones de poder entre los actores involucrados en el proceso. Encontramos que las características contradictorias del sistema de salud, por un lado altamente estructurado y, al mismo tiempo, fragmentado, conspiran contra los esfuerzos reformistas que intentan introducir cambios en el mismo. En función de lo expresado, las posibilidades de reforma no residen en la consolidación de las IAMC (Instituciones de Asistencia Médica Colectiva ni en la aplicación del modelo residual. Por el contrario, asistimos a un proceso de reestructuración pasiva del sistema. En este contexto, y teniendo en cuenta el nivel de inequidades existentes, la tendencia que se percibe es de profundización de una distribución regresiva de beneficios y servicios. A partir de técnicas cualitativas y cuantitativas, mostramos como las inequidades relacionadas con el gasto, el acceso y la calidad están relacionadas con procesos de desarrollo de largo tiempo del sistema IAMC y con los movimientos adaptativos frentes a su colapso fiscal, por una parte, y con la pérdida de calidad del sistema público, por otra.This article reviews and analyzes health sector reform proposals in Uruguay and the possible effects of such reforms in terms of equity, the health sector's institutional structure, and the power relationship between the various actors in the process. The authors contend that a highly structured yet simultaneously fragmented system has conspired against any attempt to introduce major reforms into the system. Thus the only possibility for reform resides neither in the consolidation of the so-called Institutions for Collective Medical Care (IAMCs nor in the move towards a residual model. Rather, Uruguay is witnessing the system's passive

  10. A new species of Gadirtha Walker (Nolidae, Eligminae: a proposed biological control agent of Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera (L. Small (Euphorbiaceae in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Pogue

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Gadirtha fusca sp. n., is described from Guangxi Province, China. Gadirtha fusca differs in forewing color and pattern, male and female genitalia, and in larval pattern from all other species of Gadirtha. Gadirtha fusca has been evaluated as a potential biological control agent for Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera (L. Small, Euphorbiaceae in the southeastern United States. Adult, male and female genitalia, larva, and pupa are described, illustrated, and compared with Gadirtha impingens Walker.

  11. A new species of Gadirtha Walker (Nolidae, Eligminae): a proposed biological control agent of Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera (L.) Small) (Euphorbiaceae) in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pogue, Michael G

    2014-01-01

    Gadirtha fusca sp. n., is described from Guangxi Province, China. Gadirtha fusca differs in forewing color and pattern, male and female genitalia, and in larval pattern from all other species of Gadirtha. Gadirtha fusca has been evaluated as a potential biological control agent for Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera (L.) Small, Euphorbiaceae) in the southeastern United States. Adult, male and female genitalia, larva, and pupa are described, illustrated, and compared with Gadirtha impingens Walker.

  12. Delivery 7 Report on the impact of conflicts/synergies and policy proposals for implementing the EU Action Plan in member states

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck, Anne-Marie Tyroll; Michelsen, Johannes

    This report on “Implementing the European Organic Action Plan in EU member states - stakeholders’ perceptions of implementation problems and coping strategies” recapitulates the results of a series of national workshops undertaken in winter/spring 2007. It brings together very different views and...... and perceptions on organic action plans and possible evaluation methodologies and can be seen as ORGAP’s stakeholder oriented or public oriented step....

  13. Mutual Recognition of the Food and Drug Administration and European Community Member State Conformity Assessment Procedures; pharmaceutical GMP inspection reports, medical device quality system evaluation reports, and certain medical device premarket evaluation reports--FDA. Proposed rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-04-10

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is proposing to amend its regulations pursuant to an international agreement that is expected to be concluded between the United States and the European Community (EC) (Ref. 1). Under the terms of that agreement, FDA may normally endorse good manufacturing practice (GMP) inspection reports for pharmaceuticals provided by equivalent EC Member State regulatory authorities and medical device quality system evaluation reports and certain medical device premarket evaluation reports provided by equivalent conformity assessment bodies. FDA is taking this action to enhance its ability to ensure the safety and efficacy of pharmaceuticals and medical devices through more efficient and effective utilization of its regulatory resources. The agency is requesting comments on the proposed rule.

  14. Proposed amendment for Presidential Permit PP-63 and associated modifications to 500 kV international transmission line, Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada Northern States Power Company. Final Environmental Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-02-01

    Northern States Power Company, (NSP), a Minnesota investor owned utility has applied to the Office of Fossil Energy, United States Department of Energy, to amend Presidential Permit PP-63 to allow for alterations to the 500 kV transmission line and as sedated facilities currently regulated by this permit. The alterations proposed for the 500 kV line owned by NSP are part of a long term effort sponsored by NSP to upgrade the existing NSP transmission system to allow for increased exchange of electricity with the Manitoba Hydro-Electric Board. Presidential Permit PP-63 authorized NSP to construct, connect, operate and maintain a 500 kV line at the United States/Canadian border approximately seven-and-a-half miles west of Warroad in Roseau County, Minnesota. This line connects with a 500 kV line owned and operated by the Manitoba Hydro-Electric Board (MHEB), which extends from Dorsey, Manitoba, Canada to the United States/Canadian border. NSP proposes to increase the electricity transfer capability of this transmission facility by constructing a new 80-acre substation on the existing 500 kV line in Roseau County, Minnesota, and upgrading the existing substation at Forbes, Minnesota. The proposed Roseau substation would contain two 41.5 ohm series capacitor banks. In addition, static VAR compensators are to be installed at the existing Forbes Substation. Approximately 5 acres would be added to the 30-acre Forbes site to house the additional equipment. No new lines would enter or exit the facility. NSP proposes to place the new Roseau Substation in service in May 1993 and to complete the upgrading of the Forbes Substation in March 1994. The primary, initial purpose of these modifications is to enable NSP to import 400 megawatts of electric power from MHEB during the summer months to meet peak electrical demand in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area. It is expected that this power transfer would begin in 1993.

  15. Proposal for a Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the effort of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community's greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-01-23

    This Decision determines the contribution of Member States to meeting the Community's greenhouse gas emission reduction commitment from 2013 to 2020 for greenhouse gas emissions from sources not covered under Directive 2003/87/EC (sources outside the EU ETS). It provides for the evaluation of the achieved emissions reductions resulting from the implementation of this Decision. It also promotes flexibility in achieving this effort through allowing for the use of certified emission reductions resulting from clean development mechanism projects under Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol and resulting from emission reduction activities in third countries to implement this effort. The implementation by Member States of EU wide measures outside the EU ETS contributes to the achievement of the target for each Member State. Member State reduction efforts should be based on the principle of solidarity between Member States and the need for sustainable economic growth across the Community, taking into account the relative per capita GDP of Member States. To further ensure a fair contribution of each Member State to the implementation of the Community's independent commitment to achieve at least a 20% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 compared to 1990, no country should be required to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions in 2020 to more than 20% below 2005 levels and no country should be allowed to increase its greenhouse gas emissions in 2020 to more than 20% above 2005 levels. Reductions in greenhouse gas emissions should take place between 2013 and 2020. This proposal allows each Member State to carry forward from the following year a quantity equal to 2% of the greenhouse gas emission limit of that Member State. It also allows a Member State of which the emissions are below its limit to carry over its excess emission reductions to the subsequent year. Four accompanying COM documents are abstracted separately on the Coal Abstracts database.

  16. The United States cover-up of Japanese wartime medical atrocities: complicity committed in the national interest and two proposals for contemporary action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nie, Jing-Bao

    2006-01-01

    To monopolize the scientific data gained by Japanese physicians and researchers from vivisections and other barbarous experiments performed on living humans in biological warfare programs such as Unit 731, immediately after the war the United States (US) government secretly granted those involved immunity from war crimes prosecution, withdrew vital information from the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, and publicly denounced otherwise irrefutable evidence from other sources such as the Russian Khabarovsk trial. Acting in "the national interest" and for the security of the US, authorities in the US tramped justice and morality, and engaged in what the English common law tradition clearly defines as "complicity after the fact." To repair this historical injustice, the US government should issue an official apology and offer appropriate compensation for having covered up Japanese medical war crimes for six decades. To help prevent similar acts of aiding principal offender(s) in the future, international declarations or codes of human rights and medical ethics should include a clause banning any kind of complicity in any unethical medicine-whether before or after the fact-by any state or group for whatever reasons.

  17. REGIONAL PLANNING IN THE STATE OF RIO GRANDE DO SUL: A METHODOLOGICAL PROPOSAL FOR THE ANALYSIS OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIC PLANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Leandro Lima da Silveira

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pressures of the global economy, the accelerating flow of capital, information, goods, people, etc., and the resulting spatial rearrangements have brought up the challenge of reasserting regional dynamics. In such a context of growing and continuous economic and technological changes that affect the direction and intensity of the existing relationships between places and regions of the world, planning becomes indispensable to the development of regional areas. Guided by this reflection we start by describing the regional spatiality and the challenge of the regional planning process as they are nowadays. We continue by restoring the experience of regional planning in the state of Rio Grande do Sul through the experience of the Regional Development Councils (COREDES. We then suggest a methodology for the analysis of the regional development plans made by COREDES in the 2009/2010 period. Finally, we present some of the results of the production process analysis and the contents of the COREDEs plans selected for the research.

  18. Evaluation of sub-soil geo-electric properties in a proposed power sub-station site at Ebubu, Rivers State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.K.S. Abam

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Electrical resistivity survey was carried out in a site proposed for the construction and installation of a Power sub-station. The project will involve subsurface installation of cables and other objects that easily conduct electricity. Extant laws including EIA also require knowledge of subsurface distribution of resistivity in construction projects that would involve burial of steel pipes and cables. The imperative of this is emphasized by the location of the project in an area of shallow groundwater conditions. Field resistivity measurements were undertaken using ABEM Terrameter SAS 1000, adopting Schlumberger configuration in vertical electric sounding at 12 locations within the study site. The results were used to generate geo-electric log models. Three geo-electric profile models (pseudo- profiles were also taken NE-SW of the site. Interpretation of the models shows that the area is characterized by two geo-electric layers to the depth of 30m. The upper layer of lower resistivity occurs to a depth of 2-3m. This layer consists of lateritic to silty sands. The lower layer has a resistivity of between 900 - >2000 Ωm and represents fine to coarse sands and gravels. On the Soil Electrical Resistivity Classification (BS 1377, the subsoil falls within non-corrosive class. Objects installed in the soil are not likely to suffer corrosion soon. Similarly, subsurface electrical installations will pose minimal hazards and would require basic precautions to avoid electrical accidents.

  19. Hawaiian Islands Wilderness proposal announcement

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is a letter from the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife stating that documents pertaining to the Hawaiian Islands Wilderness proposal have been...

  20. The greenway as a means to recover valley floor areas: A proposal for the Mandacarú stream, Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v34i4.12529

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Cassimiro Barbosa

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This study proposes to recover the Mandacarú Stream, located in the city of Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil by developing a greenway. The stream in question has been extremely degraded, principally by human activity. The proposed methodology begins with preparing a scenario for the valley floor with a greenway in place. This is followed by an investigation of the corridor’s ecological and cultural variables, taking a holistic view to synthesise and diagnose the information collected. Guidelines for recovering the valley floor and developing the greenway are then drawn up to direct the preparation of the final plan. As a result, the principal environmental impacts that undermine the quality of the study area were surveyed, such as erosion, loss of riparian vegetation, illegal sewage connections and lack of environmental education. A list of guidelines was developed for recovering and conserving the area, in combination with the development of a greenway along the valley floor. It is hoped that these guidelines can assist a future intervention at this location and that the proposed method can be used as the basis for the recovery of other urban valley floors.

  1. Josephson tunnel junction microwave attenuator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koshelets, V. P.; Shitov, S. V.; Shchukin, A. V.

    1993-01-01

    A new element for superconducting electronic circuitry-a variable attenuator-has been proposed, designed, and successfully tested. The principle of operation is based on the change in the microwave impedance of a superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) Josephson tunnel junction when dc bias...

  2. Dietary intake estimates as a means to the harmonization of maximum residue levels for veterinary drugs. II. Proposed application to the Free Trade Agreement between the United States and Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzpatrick, S C; Vilim, A; Lambert, G; Yong, M S; Brynes, S D

    1996-10-01

    The Free Trade Agreement between the United States and Canada (FTA) went into effect January 1, 1989. To implement certain provisions of the agreement on technical regulations and standards, the United States Food and Drug Administration's Center for Veterinary Medicine, Health and Welfare Canada's Bureau of Veterinary Drugs, and Agriculture Canada established the Working Group on Veterinary Drug Tolerances. The progress of the working group and its continuing efforts to harmonize tolerances for approximately 15 veterinary drugs are discussed. This paper proposes use of the toxicologically determined acceptable daily intake (ADI) for the drug as the safety standard for reaching conclusions on the acceptability of residues in meat for human consumption. Specifically, the "equivalence" of different MRLs for the same veterinary drug would be determined by considering whether they are likely to result in dietary residues that exceed the other country's ADI for the drug. Estimates are made for the veterinary drugs lasalocid, fenbendazole, morantel tartrate, halofuginone, and tilmicosin. Based on these estimates, the U.S. and Canadian MRLs for each drug would be considered equivalent for trade purposes.

  3. A study of meson and baryon decays to strange final states with GlueX in Hall D (A proposal to the 39th Jefferson Lab Program Advisory Committee)

    CERN Document Server

    Dugger, M; Anassontzis, E; Ioannou, P; Kourkoumeli, C; Voulgaris, G; Jarvis, N; Levine, W; Mattione, P; Meyer, C A; Schumacher, R; Collins, P; Klein, F; Sober, D; Doughty, D; Barnes, A; Jones, R; McIntyre, J; Mokaya, F; Pratt, B; Senderovich, I; Boeglin, W; Guo, L; Khetarpal, P; Pooser, E; Reinhold, J; Ghoul, H Al; Capstick, S; Crede, V; Eugenio, P; Ostrovidov, A; Sparks, N; Tsaris, A; Ireland, D; Livingston, K; Bennett, D; Bennett, J; Frye, J; Leckey, J; Mitchell, R; Moriya, K; Shepherd, M R; Szczepaniak, A; Miskimen, R; Williams, M; Ambrozewicz, P; Gasparian, A; Pedroni, R; Black, T; Gan, L; Dudek, J; Close, F; Swanson, E; Denisov, S; Huber, G; Katsaganis, S; Kolybaba, D; Lolos, G; Papandreou, Z; Semenov, A; Semenova, I; Tahani, M; Brooks, W; Kuleshov, S; Toro, A; Barbosa, F; Chudakov, E; Egiyan, H; Ito, M; Lawrence, D; Pentchev, L; Qiang, Y; Smith, E S; Somov, A; Taylor, S; Whitlatch, T; Wolin, E; Zihlmann, B

    2012-01-01

    The primary motivation of the GlueX experiment is to search for and ultimately study the pattern of gluonic excitations in the meson spectrum produced in gamma p collisions. Recent lattice QCD calculations predict a rich spectrum of hybrid mesons that have both exotic and non-exotic JPC, corresponding to q q-bar (q=u, d, or s) states coupled with a gluonic field. A thorough study of the hybrid spectrum, including the identification of the isovector triplet, with charges 0 and +-1, and both isoscalar members, |s s-bar> and |u u-bar> + |d d-bar>, for each predicted hybrid combination of JPC, may only be achieved by conducting a systematic amplitude analysis of many different hadronic final states. We propose the development of a kaon identification system, supplementing the existing GlueX forward time-of-flight detector, in order to cleanly select meson and baryon decay channels that include kaons. Once this detector has been installed and commissioned, we plan to collect a total of 200 days of physics analysis...

  4. Doping dependence of electronic structure in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onellion, M.; Christensen, S.; Frazer, B.; Gatt, R.; Kelley, R. J.; Misra, S.; Schmauder, T.; Berger, H.; Grioni, M.; Margaritondo, G.; Vobornik, I.; Zwick, F.; Möâle, M.; Kleiner, R.; Müller, P.

    1999-09-01

    We report on angle-resolved photoemission and superconductor-insulator-superconductor tunneling measurements of the normal and superconducting states of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x single crystal samples and Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x-native oxide-lead (S-I-S) tunnel junctions.(1-7).

  5. Governança corporativa em empresas estatais: avanços, propostas e limitações Corporate governance of state-owned enterprises: advances, proposals and limitations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Rubens Fontes Filho

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Apesar do amplo processo de desestatização ocorrido internacionalmente nas décadas de 1980 e 1990, as empresas estatais permanecem desempenhando significativo papel na implementação de políticas públicas e na oferta de bens e serviços à sociedade. Entretanto, sua natureza institucional e estrutura de controle tornam complexas as definições de seus objetivos operacionais, a avaliação de seu desempenho, e a própria gestão executiva das empresas, já que sua atuação está sujeita tanto às necessidades de seu controlador imediato, o governo; quanto aos interesses difusos de seu controlador indireto, a sociedade, além das expectativas de retorno financeiro dos sócios privados nas sociedades de economia mista. No momento que a Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico (OCDE propõe diretrizes para a governança corporativa de empresas estatais, que estabelecem referências para o relacionamento entre Estado, conselheiros, gestores, investidores e outras partes interessadas, este artigo avalia essas diretrizes quanto à adequação das propostas ao contexto das estatais brasileiras e sua possibilidade de implementação.Despite the extensive process of privatization that has been undertaken in many countries during the 80s and 90s, the state-owned enterprises (SOEs remain performing an important role in the implementation of public policies and in the offering of goods and services to the society. Meanwhile, their institutional nature and control structure make it complex to define their operational objectives, to assess their performance and even to manage them, as their work depends on the guidance of their direct controller, the State, but also on the diffuse interests of their indirect controller, the society, plus the expectations of the private investors in public listed SOEs. In this context, this article analyzes the guidelines for the corporate governance of SOEs, proposed by the Organisation for

  6. Steady-state FTIR spectra of the photoreduction of QA and QB in Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction centers provide evidence against the presence of a proposed transient electron acceptor X between the two quinones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breton, Jacques

    2007-04-17

    In the reaction center (RC) of the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides, two ubiquinone molecules, QA and QB, play a pivotal role in the conversion of light energy into chemical free energy by coupling electron transfer to proton uptake. In native RCs, the transfer of an electron from QA to QB takes place in the time range of 5-200 micros. On the basis of time-resolved FTIR step-scan measurements in native RCs, a new and unconventional mechanism has been proposed in which QB- formation precedes QA- oxidation [Remy, A., and Gerwert, K. (2003) Nat. Struct. Biol. 10, 637-644]. The IR signature of the proposed transient intermediary electron acceptor (denoted X) operating between QA and QB has been recently measured by the rapid-scan technique in the DN(L210) mutant RCs, in which the QA to QB electron transfer is slowed 8-fold compared to that in native RCs. This IR signature has been reported as a difference spectrum involving states X+, X, QA, and QA- [Hermes, S., et al. (2006) Biochemistry 45, 13741-13749]. Here, we report the steady-state FTIR difference spectra of the photoreduction of either QA or QB measured in both native and DN(L210) mutant RCs in the presence of potassium ferrocyanide. In these spectra, the CN stretching marker modes of ferrocyanide and ferricyanide allow the extent of the redox reactions to be quantitatively compared and are used for a precise normalization of the QA-/QA and QB-/QB difference spectra. The calculated QA- QB/QA QB- double-difference spectrum in DN(L210) mutant RCs is closely equivalent to the reported QA- X+/QA X spectrum in the rapid-scan measurement. We therefore conclude that species X+ and X are spectrally indistinguishable from QB and QB-, respectively. Further comparison of the QA- QB/QA QB- double-difference spectra in native and DN(L210) RCs also allows the possibility that QB- formation precedes QA- reoxidation to be ruled out for native RCs.

  7. Collective proposal of Contingency Plan as an alternative for management risks to socioenvironmental disasters within Network Management Risk of Córrego Dantas (REGER-CD), Nova Friburgo, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Leonardo; Luiza Coelho Netto, Ana

    2017-04-01

    An extreme rainfall event took place in the Mountainous Region of the state of Rio de Janeiro in January 2011, causing a catastrophic landslide that resulted in more than 900 deaths and 350 people disappearances. Precipitation events associated with landslides are common in this region and climate change tends to increase the frequency of intense rains and, consequently, landslides. At the same time, the vulnerability of communities has increased as a result of disorderly urban growth. Despite that, before 2011 communities and public power were not prepared to disaster management..After the 2011 event, public authorities try to established policies to reduce these vulnerabilities. One of the communities where the government acted was Córrego Dantas. However, the actions in this place were carried out in a top-down model, without discussion with population. As a consequence, the performance of public power has amplified social vulnerabilities. Highlight for the truculent removal of residents; resettlement in geographically isolated housing complexes; and the establishment of urbanization policies that go against the interests of the residents. The construction of the Córrego d'Aantas Disaster Risk Management Network (REGER-CD), including residents of affected communities, researchers, NGO members and representatives of the public power, is one way to respond these questions. Within this network, the construction of a proposal for a collective contingency plan, articulated with the municipal contingency plan, is generating residents' empowerment, greater adaptation to risks and reducing the vulnerability of Disasters and mass movements

  8. Writing successful UX proposals

    CERN Document Server

    Hass, Chris

    2016-01-01

    Bringing new project funding and business opportunities to your organization is a vital part of UX professionals' growth and success. Writing Successful UX Proposals teaches the proven techniques for assessing proposal requests, writing successful commercial and government funding proposals, and enhancing your business development skills. This book will teach UX practitioners how to succeed in UX business development by mastering the following goals: * Understand how to assess a request for proposals* Understand the "anatomy" of a proposal response * Speak the business language of those who will be evaluating the proposed approach* Recognize the successes of others and build upon their advice Complete with case studies, tricks and tips, and real-world examples throughout, this is a must-have resource for UX professionals interested in honing their proposal writing skills and setting themselves up for success. * Provides unique sales and proposal writing insights tailored to the UX arena (including both resear...

  9. Proposal of spin complementary field effect transistor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunihashi, Yoji; Kohda, Makoto; Sanada, Haruki; Gotoh, Hideki; Sogawa, Tetsuomi; Nitta, Junsaku

    2012-03-01

    Spin complementary field effect transistor is proposed on the basis of gate-controlled persistent spin helix (PSH) states. Uniaxial effective magnetic field in the PSH state creates coherent spin propagation with or without precession. By the gate control of the Rashba spin-orbit interaction, the PSH state can be reversed to the inverted PSH state. Switching between two PSH states enables complementary output depending on the channel direction. Our proposed device could be a reconfigurable minimum unit of the spin-based logic circuit.

  10. Gasification systems proposed in 13 retrofit proposals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-03-01

    Of the 137 expressions of interest received by the US Department of Energy in response to its November 12, 1986 Program Announcement for clean coal technology projects capable of retrofitting, repowering or modernizing existing facilities, thirteen involved coal gasification. For those proposals which specified the type of gasifier to be used, the following gasifiers were listed: PEBD gasifier - Color Cable Inc.; Calderon gasifier - Calderon Energy Company; Texaco gasifier - Tennessee Valley Authority; U-Gas gasifier - Consolidation Coal Company; Pyrolysis gasifier - Allison Gas Turbine; KILnGAS gasifier - Allis-Chalmers; Dow gasifier - Dow Chemical Company; and U-Gas gasifier - Sargent and Lundy Engineers. A brief abstract is given of each of the 13 gasification-based proposals.

  11. The qualitative research proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Klopper

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Qualitative research in the health sciences has had to overcome many prejudices and a number of misunderstandings, but today qualitative research is as acceptable as quantitative research designs and is widely funded and published. Writing the proposal of a qualitative study, however, can be a challenging feat, due to the emergent nature of the qualitative research design and the description of the methodology as a process. Even today, many sub-standard proposals at post-graduate evaluation committees and application proposals to be considered for funding are still seen. This problem has led the researcher to develop a framework to guide the qualitative researcher in writing the proposal of a qualitative study based on the following research questions: (i What is the process of writing a qualitative research proposal? and (ii What does the structure and layout of a qualitative proposal look like? The purpose of this article is to discuss the process of writing the qualitative research proposal, as well as describe the structure and layout of a qualitative research proposal. The process of writing a qualitative research proposal is discussed with regards to the most important questions that need to be answered in your research proposal with consideration of the guidelines of being practical, being persuasive, making broader links, aiming for crystal clarity and planning before you write. While the structure of the qualitative research proposal is discussed with regards to the key sections of the proposal, namely the cover page, abstract, introduction, review of the literature, research problem and research questions, research purpose and objectives, research paradigm, research design, research method, ethical considerations, dissemination plan, budget and appendices.

  12. The qualitative research proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klopper, H

    2008-12-01

    Qualitative research in the health sciences has had to overcome many prejudices and a number of misunderstandings, but today qualitative research is as acceptable as quantitative research designs and is widely funded and published. Writing the proposal of a qualitative study, however, can be a challenging feat, due to the emergent nature of the qualitative research design and the description of the methodology as a process. Even today, many sub-standard proposals at post-graduate evaluation committees and application proposals to be considered for funding are still seen. This problem has led the researcher to develop a framework to guide the qualitative researcher in writing the proposal of a qualitative study based on the following research questions: (i) What is the process of writing a qualitative research proposal? and (ii) What does the structure and layout of a qualitative proposal look like? The purpose of this article is to discuss the process of writing the qualitative research proposal, as well as describe the structure and layout of a qualitative research proposal. The process of writing a qualitative research proposal is discussed with regards to the most important questions that need to be answered in your research proposal with consideration of the guidelines of being practical, being persuasive, making broader links, aiming for crystal clarity and planning before you write. While the structure of the qualitative research proposal is discussed with regards to the key sections of the proposal, namely the cover page, abstract, introduction, review of the literature, research problem and research questions, research purpose and objectives, research paradigm, research design, research method, ethical considerations, dissemination plan, budget and appendices.

  13. Music Ensemble: Course Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovach, Brian

    A proposal is presented for a Music Ensemble course to be offered at the Community College of Philadelphia for music students who have had previous vocal or instrumental training. A standardized course proposal cover form is followed by a statement of purpose for the course, a list of major course goals, a course outline, and a bibliography. Next,…

  14. Research Proposal for the Design and Engineering Phase of a Solar Heating and Cooling System Experiment at the Warner Robins Public Library, Warner Robins, Georgia. Submitted to the United States Energy Research and Development Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Warren H.; And Others

    A number of reasons are advanced to include a solar heating and cooling experiment in a library building. The unique aspects of the experiment are to be a seasonally adjustable collector tilt and testing of a new generation of absorption air conditioners. After a brief description of the proposed experiment, the proposal contains forms filed by…

  15. Social Issues in Proposals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    During the annual session of the 11th National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) that concluded on March 14,1,992 of the total 2,236 members at the beginning of their five-year term in China’s top advisory body submitted 4,772 proposals. Members of the CPPCC National Committee put forward proposals to offer comments and suggestions on major po- litical and social issues of the country.A proposal can be raised by one member or a group of members;by one or more groups jointly;in the name of a party or non-government group that has joined the CPPCC;or in the name of a sub- committee of the CPPCC National Committee. Out of the proposals that were classified during the conference,1,863 or 41.16 percent were on economic matters;1,405 or 31.04 percent were on education,scientific research,entertainment,health care and sports;and 1,258 proposals or 27.8 percent were on legal affairs and social seeurity. During the pnst five years,the CPPCC National Committee handled over 23,000 proposals,of which 21,843 were sent to government branches in charge of the matters for solution. Following are summaries of some selected proposals.

  16. Horton Research Grant proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    The American Geophysical Union is requesting proposals for the award of the Horton Research Grant. The proposal deadline is March 15, 1984. The grant will be in support of research projects in hydrology and water resources by Ph.D. candidates of American institutions of higher education and is awarded annually to a single proponent. Its objective is to foster graduate student research leading to the completion of doctoral dissertations. Proposals may be in hydrology (including its physical, chemical, or biological aspects) or in the water resource policy sciences (including economics, systems analysis, sociology, and law).

  17. COMPASS-II Proposal

    CERN Document Server

    Gautheron, F; Koivuniemi, J; Meyer, W; Reicherz, G; Bisplinghoff, J; Eversheim, D; Hinterberger, F; Jahn, R; Joosten, R; Negrini, T; Barth, J; Klein, F; Goertz, S; Panknin, R; Pretz, J; Windmolders, R; Srnka, A; Dasgupta, S; Dhara, L; Sarkara, S; Sinha, L; Alexakhin, V Yu; Alexeev, G D; Anosov, V A; Antonov, A; Efremov, A; Gavrichtchouk, O P; Guskov, A; Ivanshin, Yu; Ivanov, O; Kisselev, Yu; Kouznetsov, O; Kroumchtein, Z; Meshcheryakov, G V; Nagaytsev, A; Olshevski, A; Peshekhonov, D V; Pontecorvo, G; Rossiyskaya, N; Sapozhnikov, M G; Savin, I A; Shevchenko, O Yu; Sissakian, A N; Smirnov, G I; Teryaev, O V; Tkatchev, L G; Vlassov, N V; Zemlyanichkina, E; Adolph, Ch; Braun, Ch; Eyrich, W; Lehmann, A; Richter, A; Fischer, H; Heinsius, F-H; Herrmann, F; Guthörl, T; Lauser, L; Königsmann, K; Nerling, F; Schill, Ch; Wollny, H; Schmidt, K; Schopferer, S; Mallot, G K; Nowak, W-D; Schönning, K; Schott, M; Sulc, M; Bordalo, P; Franco, C; Nunes, A S; Quintans, C; Ramos, S; Silva, L; Stolarski, M; Bernhard, J; Chaberny, D; du Fresne von Hohenesche, N; von Harrach, D; Jasinski, P; Kabuß, E M; Kang, D-H; Ostrick, M; Pochodzalla, J; Alexandrov, Yu; Zavertyaev, M; Böhmer, F; Dørheim, S; Friedrich, J M; Gerassimov, S; Grabmüller, S; Grube, B; Haas, F; Höppner, Ch; Ketzer, B; Konorov, I; Krämer, M; Mann, A; Nagel, T; Neubert, S; Paul, S; Schmitt, L; Uhl, S; Bettinelli, M; Dünnweber, W; Faessler, M A; Geyer, R; Rajotte, J-F; Schlüter, T; Uman, I; Zvyagin, A; Finger, M; Finger jr, M; Slunecka, M; Jary, V; Virius, M; Donskov, S V; Filin, A; Khaustov, G V; Khokhlov, Yu; Kolosov, V; Konstantinov, V; Lednev, A A; Mikhailov, Yu V; Nikolaenko, V I; Polyakov, V A; Ryabchikov, D; Samoylenko, V D; Bedfer, Y; Burtin, E; Ferrero, A; d’Hose, N; Kunne, F; Magnon, A; Makke, N; Marchand, C; Morreale, A; Neyret, D; Platchkov, S; Vandenbroucke, M; Lichtenstadt, J; Moinester, M A; Birsa, R; Bradamante, F; Bressan, A; Dalla Torre, S; Duic, V; Elia, C; Giorgi, M; Gobbo, B; Levorato, S; Martin, A; Pesaro, G; Rocco, E; Sbrizzai, G; Schiavon, P; Sozzi, F; Tessaro, S; Tessarotto, F; Alexeev, M G; Amoroso, A; Balestra, F; Bertini, R; Chiosso, M; Denisov, O; Garfagnini, R; Gnesi, I; Grasso, A; Kotzinian, A; Maggiora, A; Melis, S; Panzieri, D; Parsamyan, B; Piragino, G; Sosio, S; Takekawa, S; Badelek, B; Brona, G; Gazda, R; Klimaszewski, K; Kurek, K; Rondio, E; Sandacz, A; Sznajder, P; Wislicki, W; Marzec, J; Dziewiecki, M; Sulej, R; Zaremba, K; Ziembicki, M; Doshita, N; Iwata, T; Ishimoto, S; Horikawa, N; Kondo, K; Matsuda, T; Miyachi, Y

    2010-01-01

    The proposed new measurements comprise a Generalised Parton Distributions programme, an unpolarised PDF and FF programme, a transverse momentum dependent PDF programme and a programme for tests of chiral perturbation theory.

  18. Kofa Wilderness Proposal

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is a proposal suggesting certain lands in the Kofa National Wildlife Refuge for wilderness designation. Topics covered include history, resources,...

  19. [Ash Meadows Purchase Proposal

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — A proposal sent to the Richard King Mellon Foundation for a loan to fund the purchase of Ash Meadows by the Nature Conservancy. Ash Meadows, set outside of Las Vegas...

  20. Draft Legislative Proposals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Bugaian, Larisa; Niculita, Angela;

    2015-01-01

    This chapter proposes legislative proposals for restructuring and modernization of Higher Education (HE) in Moldova. It is based on (1) the analysis of the institutional university autonomy in Moldova; (2) the benchmark analysis of institutional university autonomy in Denmark, Lithuania, Romania......, Scotland and Sweden; (3) the on-going analysis of the current situation of institutional university autonomy in Moldova, including the on-going analysis and review of the Code of Education; and (4) the European Commission agenda for the modernization of higher education. The chapter identifies...... the objectives of the legislative proposals; discusses risks and challenges that HE in Moldova faces today and in the next 10-15 years; identifies expected outcomes; identifies basic principles on which the process will be founded; proposes a new structure for the HE sector; offers an example...

  1. The qualitative research proposal

    OpenAIRE

    H Klopper

    2008-01-01

    Qualitative research in the health sciences has had to overcome many prejudices and a number of misunderstandings, but today qualitative research is as acceptable as quantitative research designs and is widely funded and published. Writing the proposal of a qualitative study, however, can be a challenging feat, due to the emergent nature of the qualitative research design and the description of the methodology as a process. Even today, many sub-standard proposals at post-graduate evaluation c...

  2. Correlation between superfluid density and T(C) of underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x near the superconductor-insulator transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuev, Yuri; Kim, Mun Seog; Lemberger, Thomas R

    2005-09-23

    We report measurements of the ab-plane superfluid density n(s) (magnetic penetration depth lambda) of heavily underdoped films of YBa2Cu3O6+x, with T(C)'s from 6 to 50 K. We find the characteristic length for vortex unbinding transition equal to the film thickness, suggesting strongly coupled CuO2 layers. At the lowest dopings, T(C) is as much as 5 times larger than the upper limit set by the 2D Kosterlitz-Thouless-Berezinskii transition temperature calculated for individual CuO2 bilayers. Our main finding is that T(C) is not proportional to n(s)(0); instead, we find T(C) proportional to ns(1/2.3+/-0.4). This conflicts with a popular point of view that quasi-2D thermal phase fluctuations determine the transition temperature.

  3. Uma proposta de avaliação integrada de risco do uso de agrotóxicos no estado do Amazonas, Brasil A proposal for integrated risk assessment of pesticide use in Amazon State, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Viviana Waichman

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante os últimos 30 anos, o aumento da população humana no Amazonas introduziu a necessidade de produção adicional de alimentos e levou o governo do estado a desenvolver programas para aumentar e melhorar a produção agrícola. A produção de hortaliças não tradicionais apresentou vários problemas desconhecidos para os agricultores da região, uma vez que estas culturas não são bem adaptadas às condições locais. A suscetibilidade a insetos, fungos e outras pragas, e a competição com vegetação nativa vem forçando os agricultores a usar intensivamente os agrotóxicos. Os agricultores não estavam preparados para o uso adequado desta tecnologia ignorando os riscos dos agrotóxicos para saúde humana e o ambiente. Os agricultores não usam equipamento de proteção individual, porque é caro, desconfortável e inadequado para o clima quente da região. A falta treinamento e o escasso conhecimento sobre os perigos dos agrotóxicos contribuem para a manipulação incorreta durante a preparação, aplicação e disposição das embalagens vazias. Nestas condições, a exposição dos agricultores, suas famílias, consumidores e ambiente é alta. Como um primeiro passo para o entendimento deste problema e a proposição de soluções é proposta a realização de uma avaliação integrada de risco. As três fases do processo, formulação de problema, avaliação da exposição, e caracterização de risco são detalhadas. Programas de educação, treinamento e informação fazem parte das estratégias para a redução do risco do uso de agrotóxicos permitindo o desenvolvimento de uma agricultura ambientalmente sustentável.During the last 30 years, the increase of the human population in the Amazon introduced the need for additional food production and caused the state government to implement programs to increase and improve agricultural production. The production of nontraditional crops introduced several problems unknown to

  4. Proposal Improvements That Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, F.

    1998-01-01

    Rocketdyne Propulsion and Power, an operating location of Boeing in Canoga Park, California is under contract with NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama for design, development, production, and mission support of Space Shuttle Main Engines (SSMEs). The contract was restructured in 1996 to emphasize a mission contracting environment under which Rocketdyne supports the Space Transportation System launch manifest of seven flights a year without the need for a detailed list of contract deliverables such as nozzles, turbopumps, and combustion devices. This contract structure is in line with the overall Space Shuttle program goals established by the NASA to fly safely, meet the flight manifest, and reduce cost. Rocketdyne's Contracts, Pricing, and Estimating team has worked for the past several years with representatives from MSFC, the local Defense Contract Management Command, and the DCAA to improve the quality of cost proposals to MSFC for contract changes on the SSME. The contract changes on the program result primarily from engineering change proposals for product enhancements to improve safety, maintainability, or operability in the space environment. This continuous improvement team effort has been successful in improving proposal quality, reducing cycle time, and reducing cost. Some of the principal lessons learned are highlighted here to show how proposal improvements can be implemented to enhance customer satisfaction and ensure cost proposals can be evaluated easily by external customers.

  5. Los beneficios de la gestión activa de carteras. Una propuesta de reforma para la Dirección de Pensiones Civiles del Estado de Michoacán, México/The benefits of active portfolio management. A reform proposal to Michoacan State's Public Pension Fund Office

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Oscar V De La Torre Torres; Ma Isabel Martínez Torre-Enciso

    2015-01-01

    ..., como consecuencia, el periodo de suficiencia financiera del plan de pensiones. Abstract: The present paper studies one of the most politically relevant public pension funds in Mexico: the Michoacan State Public Pension Fund Office. As a result of this review, we propose an investment policy along with its related portfolio management struc...

  6. A hardenability test proposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murthy, N.V.S.N. [Ingersoll-Rand (I) Ltd., Bangalore (India)

    1996-12-31

    A new approach for hardenability evaluation and its application to heat treatable steels will be discussed. This will include an overview and deficiencies of the current methods and discussion on the necessity for a new approach. Hardenability terminology will be expanded to avoid ambiguity and over-simplification as encountered with the current system. A new hardenability definition is proposed. Hardenability specification methods are simplified and rationalized. The new hardenability evaluation system proposed here utilizes a test specimen with varying diameter as an alternative to the cylindrical Jominy hardenability test specimen and is readily applicable to the evaluation of a wide variety of steels with different cross-section sizes.

  7. OSQAR-CHASE Proposal

    CERN Document Server

    (Pugnat, P; (Sulc, M

    2015-01-01

    For 2015, the OSQAR collaboration will focus on a new proposal for the search of chameleon, a hypothetical scalar particle postulated as a dark energy candidate with an environment-dependant mass. The required experimental set-up has been successfully tested and validated in 2014 at the SM-18 experimental hall. This proposal will focus on the sensitivity that can be reached during the OSQAR chameleon run in 2015 as well as to possible upgrade phases of the experiment for the coming years.

  8. Disclosure: a modest proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draelos, Zoe Diana

    2009-01-01

    In 1729, Jonathan Swift wrote an essay with the "modest proposal" that one way to manage overpopulation among the poor would be for the rich to eat them. Although not as serious a problem as that faced by Swift's England, we have a problem with the effective impotence of our current methods used to disclose potential conflicts of interest in publications and presentations. If speakers or writers cannot be relied upon to describe honestly and accurately their conflicts, perhaps we may turn to their peers to do it for them. Although there are reasons this modest proposal may be as impractical as Swift's, at least it does not involve eating our lecturers.

  9. "Escola Familia": A Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carani, George; Carani, José; Strong-Wilson, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    "Alphabetização" (literacy) of young children involves a school exclusively devoted to the early years, parental participation, and teachers specialized in early literacy. This is the basis of José Carani's proposal for an "escola familia" in the municipality of Cambé (Brazil). This "Note from the Field," based on our…

  10. "Escola Familia": A Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carani, George; Carani, José; Strong-Wilson, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    "Alphabetização" (literacy) of young children involves a school exclusively devoted to the early years, parental participation, and teachers specialized in early literacy. This is the basis of José Carani's proposal for an "escola familia" in the municipality of Cambé (Brazil). This "Note from the Field," based…

  11. "Escola Familia": A Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carani, George; Carani, José; Strong-Wilson, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    "Alphabetização" (literacy) of young children involves a school exclusively devoted to the early years, parental participation, and teachers specialized in early literacy. This is the basis of José Carani's proposal for an "escola familia" in the municipality of Cambé (Brazil). This "Note from the Field," based on our…

  12. Proposal for Two Enhanced NTRU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Tariq Sadiq

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Sound is very widely used in communication. In order to ensure secure communication a cryptographic data scheme is used. Secure sound is needed in many fields such as military, business, banking and electronic commerce. There is also an increasing demand for secured sound in network communication. Several symmetric and asymmetric algorithms are used for sound encryption. In this work, NTRU, the last in line public key cryptosystem is enhanced in two methods and used for encrypting sound files after converting the sound into text. In the proposed methods the message is encrypted one character at a time, since NTRU encrypts only prime numbers, thus 7 bits of each character is encrypted and the eighth bit is left without encryption. In method I NTRU algorithm is enhanced by adding the result obtained from calculating a mathematical equation of one variable to the message and then the resulted encrypted bit is fed-back and added to the next bit of the message in the next step; this procedure is repeated for the subsequent bits of the message. In method II NTRU algorithm is enhanced by adding the subsequent states of LFSR (Linear Feedback Shift Register to the subsequent bytes of the message. The proposed methods are tested on several sound files; the results show that the proposed methods I and II maintain approximately the same original method encryption and decryption time while generating more complex encryption.

  13. Partnership proposed for ocean observation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossby, T.

    2012-04-01

    A report released on 1 March 2012 proposes a formal partnership between the ocean-observing communities and the global shipping industry for the systematic long-term study of the ocean water column from surface to depth. According to the report, the rationale for the proposal is that commercial ships on the high seas offer a cost-effective opportunity to contribute to directly addressing a significant observational deficiency. "The ocean is vastly under observed, particularly below the ocean surface, where satellites cannot measure the ocean's properties," according to the report, "OceanScope: A proposed partnership between the maritime industries and the ocean observing community to monitor the global ocean water column," prepared by the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research/International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans (SCOR/IAPSO) Working Group 133. "Observations below the surface depend on getting platforms (ships, moored buoys, floats, gliders, etc.) to locations far beyond the coasts, which can be expensive," the report states.

  14. A proposed interprofessional oath.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Sara Simpson; Garber, Jeannie Scruggs; Lash, Judy; Schnurman-Crook, Abrina

    2014-09-01

    Identifying and capitalizing on shared professional values, health-care professionals have the potential to promote collaboration and facilitate enhanced patient outcomes. This paper describes a qualitative study that sought to identify values shared among health-care professionals through the development of an interprofessional health-care provider oath. Core competencies for collaborative practice of all health-care workers were delineated by the recent report from the Interprofessional Education Collaborative Expert Panel and these include values and ethics of collaboration as well as an understanding of team roles. This proposed interprofessional oath was developed from a qualitative analysis of oaths developed by interprofessional teams of health-care students. Using Colaizzi's method, 18 oaths were evaluated to identify significant statements, formulated meanings, and themes. A proposed interprofessional oath was developed based on these elements and is offered for consideration along with discussion of the potential benefits and challenges of an interprofessional oath.

  15. Stress: a naturalistic proposal

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Some of the stress related topics, especially from the conceptual framework of Lazarus and Folkman are reviewed on this work. It is sustained that this approach is dualistic and that the research made from this view is made on the basis of morphological criteria that don’t allow studying important elements of this kind of behavior. From an interbehavioral approach three functional criteria are proposed to study this phenomenon: the functional nature of situations, aptitude levels of behavior,...

  16. Proposed Radiation Guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davey, C. S.

    2004-07-01

    Current scientific evidence is that radiation at low levels is not harmful, but beneficial. This is borne out by both radiobiology and epidemiology. The ICRP 26 recommended limits of 50 mSv and 5 mSv per annum are comparable with the average natural background levels in Iran and Norway, respectively, and levels five times higher than that quoted for Iran are to be found in some populated parts of this world. The new limits proposed for ionising radiation are generated by comparison to existing recommended limits for essential minerals. There is a range of acceptable exposures to radiation, just as there is for minerals. The replacement for the ICRP 60 recommendations (20 mSv and 1 mSv for radiation workers and public respectively) should be higher limits of 200 mSv and 50 mSv. There should also be minimum recommended annual levels of 10 mSv, for both radiation workers and the public. The consequences of not proposing this change are continuing huge negative impacts to society. In cancer therapy, even the older guidelines caused unnecessary expense and delays. The cost to Canada is astronomical, when one considers the effect of the existing limits on the use of nuclear power, and the resulting use of hydrocarbons and the consequent increase in acid rain, etc. Of course, the same thing can be said of the entire world limited funds are diverted from areas where they would be better applied, and alternative solutions to societal needs are implemented, solutions which increase pollution and cause injury and death. It is time to reverse the current, expensive trend into misapplied ALARA, based on the paranoia about all things nuclear, which has developed since the linear no-threshold hypothesis was first proposed.propose the transition to a realistic and balanced approach to ionising radiation. (Author)

  17. Proposed Construction of the Madera County Educational Center in the State Center Community College District. A Report to the Governor and Legislature in Response to a Request from the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Postsecondary Education Commission, Sacramento.

    In this report, the California Postsecondary Education Commission responds to a request by the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges to review the need for and location of a new educational center, the Madera County Educational Center, north of Fresno within the State Center Community College District. The report contains nine…

  18. 7 CFR 3406.19 - Proposal review-research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proposal review-research. 3406.19 Section 3406.19 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION... Review and Evaluation of a Research Proposal § 3406.19 Proposal review—research. The proposal...

  19. 7 CFR 3406.14 - Proposal review-teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proposal review-teaching. 3406.14 Section 3406.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION... Review and Evaluation of a Teaching Proposal § 3406.14 Proposal review—teaching. The proposal evaluation...

  20. Proposal for quantum entanglement of six photons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    You Jun; Li Jia-Hua; Xie Xiao-Tao

    2005-01-01

    We propose a different scheme to achieve six-photon entangled states based entirely on the concept of quantum erasure. To begin with, a scheme for making use of a group of four entangled photons to generate six-photon entangled states is presented. Then, with the same technique, the preparation of the six-photon entanglement from five-particle entanglement which is then combined with Bell states is considered. Our experimental methods can be used for the investigations of measurement-based quantum computation and multi-party quantum communication. We find that the success probability is determined by the small coefficients of the entangled states.

  1. 75 FR 3053 - Application Numbers and Proposed Exemptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... Labor Employee Benefits Security Administration Application Numbers and Proposed Exemptions; Notice #0... LABOR Employee Benefits Security Administration Application Numbers and Proposed Exemptions AGENCY... Notice. Comments and requests for a hearing should state: (1) The name, address, and telephone number...

  2. Environmental licensing for the implantation of small hydroelectric power plants. Analysis and proposals of optimization for the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil; Licenciamento ambiental para implantacao de pequenas centrais hidreletricas. Analise e propostas de otimizacao para Minas Gerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedreira, Adriana Coli [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia da Energia]. E-mail: adriana@unifei.edu.br; Dupas, Francisco Antonio [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Inst. de Recursos Naturais]. E-mail: dupas@unifei.edu.br

    2004-07-01

    This paper presents the legal and institutional aspects of the process for the Environmental Licensing of Small Hydro electrical Power Plants (SHPP) implantation. Legislation and doctrines relative to the theme were researched and diagnosed for the state of Minas Gerais, B R, through questionnaires, close to entrepreneurs and organism involved in the process on what obstacles which that contributed for the delay on the analysis enterprises.

  3. The origin of the Universe by the Big Bang theory applied in the classroom, following the proposal of the school curriculum of the State of São Paulo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Janes Ferreira dos Reis

    2017-07-01

    The purpose of this work is show to a bibliographic study based on the analysis made to the content applied in the first year of High School, through the booklet primer of the educational curriculum of the state of São Paulo, as predicted: "Natural Sciences and their Technologies" (São Paulo, 2010), implemented since 2008 in the public education network. The analysis made compares from the content addressed by the "Student Notebook" versus "Teacher's Notebook", an indispensable tool in the teaching network on the approach of theory of the emergence of the universe. An essential theme for educational knowledge in this cycle, revealing a hypothetical model of the Big Bang, and also curved space and cosmic inflation. Possibly this model may still be a controversial subject for some groups, because it involves belief, religion, science or another perspective of universe. The field of research was carried out in a group of 40 first year students of the High School, at the State School "Professor Rômulo Pero", in the city of São Paulo, supervised by the State Board of Education - Central Region. The completion of this task presents an important tool to be used by the teacher, a Conceptual Map, in order to raise previous knowledge and probing for the established topic, in the teaching of Physics.

  4. A proposed SEU tolerant DRAM cell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agrawal, G.R.; Massengill, L.W. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

    1994-05-01

    A novel DRAM cell technology consisting of an access transistor and a bootstrapped storage capacitor with an integrated breakdown diode is proposed. This design offers considerable resistance to single event cell hits. The information change packet is shielded from an SE hit by placing the vulnerable node in a self-compensating standby state. The proposed cell is comparable in size to a conventional DRAM cell, but simulations show an improvement in critical charge of two orders of magnitude.

  5. Da conceituação de Estado Subjetivo até a proposição dos Escalões de percepto From the Subjective State concept toward the Percept Echelons proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arno Engelmann

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo refaz o percurso de Engelmann, lidando em 1962 com perceptos chamados de afetivos até a proposição mais recente de escalões de percepto. O estudo aprofundado dos perceptos afetivos indicavam estados conscientes internos, porém não localizados. Engelmann denominou-os estados subjetivos. Mas deparou que havia ao mesmo tempo outros perceptos internos, esses localizados. A solução era dois escalões: um superior - estados subjetivos - e outro inferior - perceptos internos. Mais tarde Engelmann encontrou estados objetivos, estados conscientes não localizados e externos, representados principalmente por locuções meteorológicas. Finalmente, reestudando um número enorme de experimentos de percepção humana, verificou que havia cinco escalões de percepto, organizados prioritariamente na seqüência seguinte levando em conta o tamanho das partes: estados total, bipartido, supramodal, modal e fragmentário. Os indivíduos são capazes de estar momentaneamente apenas num desses escalões, nunca mais de um. Não se sabe, por enquanto, se é possível representar por intermédio de escalões outras partes da consciência além dos perceptos.Dealing firstly with the affective percepts in 1962 and ending with percept echelons, the paper reconstructs Engelmann's psychological pathway. A serious study of mostly affect percepts indicated nonlocalized internal conscious states. Engelmann called them subjeticve states. But at the same time he found that there were other internal but localized external percepts. He called them objetive states. They were mainly characterized through reporting the weather. Finally, revising numerous perception studies, total, bipartite, supramodal, modal and fragmentary states are found and organizaed through largeness priority. Engelmann called them percepts echelons. In one moment only one percept echelon is possible, not more than one. So far it is not known if others parts of consciousness are divisible

  6. Trump proposes initial healthcare agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robbins RA

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. On Friday, November 11, President-elect Trump proposed a healthcare agenda on his website greatagain.gov (1. Yesterday, November 12, he gave an interview on 60 Minutes clarifying his positions (2. Trump said that he wanted to focus on healthcare and has proposed to: •Repeal all of the Affordable Care Act; •Allow the sale of health insurance across state lines; •Make the purchase of health insurance fully tax deductible; •Expand access to the health savings accounts;•Increase price transparency; •Block grant Medicaid; •Lower entrance barriers to new producers of drugs. In his 60 Minutes interview Trump reiterated that two provisions of the ACA – prohibition of pre-existing conditions exclusion and ability for adult children to stay on parents insurance plans until age 26 – have his support (2. Other aspects of the ACA that might receive his support were not discussed. On the Department of Veterans’ Affairs ...

  7. Stress: a naturalistic proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de Lourdes Rodríguez Campuzano

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Some of the stress related topics, especially from the conceptual framework of Lazarus and Folkman are reviewed on this work. It is sustained that this approach is dualistic and that the research made from this view is made on the basis of morphological criteria that don’t allow studying important elements of this kind of behavior. From an interbehavioral approach three functional criteria are proposed to study this phenomenon: the functional nature of situations, aptitude levels of behavior, and its three dimensions. Emphasis is made on the singular and individual nature of stress reactions. Finally it is suggested to take into account these functional criteria to develop a generic situational taxonomy to study these reactions as parts of complex behavioral patterns.

  8. Public local tax management in Spain: some solidarity proposals for welfare state to the global crisis / La gestión tributaria local en España: algunas propuestas solidarias del estado del bienestar ante la crisis global

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Belmonte Martín

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Local government is a basic mainstay for democratic Welfare States based on principle of maximum closeness to the citizen (subsidiarity. However, municipalities are faced with many problems to make this challenge, including precisely its limited financial capacity and infra municipalism. Therefore, they had to devise new ways to maximize administrative efficiency of tax administration and collection. Following the literature on models of local public service delivery, local tax management provision would be: direct supply by the local administration, delivery through special purpose bodies dependent on the local government, and outsourcing. These formulas, incorporating elements of both the New Public Management (NPM and governance, have been reflected in various models ranging from inter administrative cooperation and supra local organizing skills. The aim of the study is to analyze these formulas for the sake of the principles of Solidarity, Equity and Redistribution. In this sense, municipalities have to maximize tax revenue for effective development of their social policies in the mode of Welfare States increasingly uncertain.

  9. CERN Pensions: A constructive proposal

    CERN Document Server

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

      A new endangering of the Pension Fund   In 2010 and 2011 Council adopted a package of measures (see Echo 195 for background information) that commits staff, retirees and the Organization to all contribute to the balancing of the Pension Fund by 2041. In particular, CERN’s Member States agreed to pay a special contribution of 60 MCHF per year for 30 years or until full funding is achieved, if this arrives sooner. Today, less than four years later, some Member States already want to find ways to come back on their commitment. The fact that one of the parties that accepted the package wants to change its commitment unilaterally is in evident disagreement with the 2011 Council resolution(1)  and therefore unacceptable. Nevertheless to be helpful we put forward a constructive proposal. Special contribution or...   Currently the Fund has a yearly outflow of around 300 MCHF to pay pension benefits of which some 60 MCHF (approximately 20% of pensions received) a...

  10. Combatting the Drunk Driving Problem Through Community Action: A Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merki, Don; Lingg, Mary Ann

    1987-01-01

    Reviews efforts and accomplishments of Mothers Against Drunk Drivers movement. Identifies eight measures of state legislation and state policy concerning drunk driving and ranks each state on the measures. Offers proposal for adoption of a state agency designed to meet problem of drunk driving through administration at the local level. (Author/NB)

  11. Proposed changes to generating capacity 1980-1989 for the contiguous United States: as projected by the Regional Electric Reliability Councils in their April 1, 1980 long-range coordinated planning reports to the Department of Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-12-01

    The changes in generating capacity projected for 1980 to 1989 are summarized. Tabulated data provide summaries to the information on projected generating unit construction, retirements, and changes, in several different categories and groupings. The new generating units to be completed by the end of 1989 total 699, representing 259,490 megawatts. This total includes 10 wind power and one fuel cell installations totaling 48.5 MW to be completed by the end of 1989. There are 321 units totaling 13,222 MW to be retired. There are capacity changes due to upratings and deratings. Summary data are presented for: total requirement for electric energy generation for 1985; hydroelectric energy production for 1985; nuclear energy production for 1985; geothermal and other energy production for 1985; approximate non-fossil generation for 1985; range of fossil energy requirements for 1985; actual fossil energy sources 1974 to 1979; estimated range of fossil fuel requirements for 1985; coal capacity available in 1985; and computation of fuel use in 1985. Power plant capacity factors are presented. Extensive data on proposed generating capacity changes by individual units in the 9 Regional Electric Reliability Councils are presented.

  12. ATF2 Proposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grishanov, Boris Ivanovich; Logachev, Pavel; Podgorny, Fedor; Telnov, Valery; /Novosibirsk, IYF; Angal-Kalinin, Deepa; Appleby, Robert; Jones, James; Kalinin, Alexander; /Daresbury; Napoly, Olivier; Payet, Jacques; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Braun, Hans-Heinrich; Schulte, Daniel; Zimmermann, Frank; /CERN; Barlow, Roger; Bailey, Ian; Jenner, Leo; Jones, Roger; Kourevlev, German; /Daresbury; Walker, Nick; /DESY; Takahasi, Tohru; /Hiroshima U.; Gao, Jie; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys. /Oxford U. /KEK, Tsukuba /Kyoto U., Inst. Chem. Res.

    2005-08-23

    This document is the first of two volumes describing the ATF2 project. The present volume discusses the technical justification for ATF2 and presents a design description. Since the International Committee for Future Accelerator (ICFA) decision on the choice of technology, a world-wide collaboration on the design of the International Linear Collider (ILC) has rapidly progressed [1]. The formation of the Global Design Effort (GDE) will accelerate the work towards a final design. An important technical challenge is obviously the high gradient acceleration but what is similarly challenging is the collision of extremely small beams of a few nanometer size. The latter challenge has three distinct issues: creating small emittance beams, preserving the emittance during acceleration and transport, and focusing the beams to nanometers. Most studies have been done using computer simulations but many issues still remain that require experimental verification. Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) at KEK was built to create small emittance beams, and succeeded in obtaining an emittance that almost satisfies the ILC requirements [2]. In this proposal we present a project, ATF2, which addresses the focusing of the beam into a nanometer spot. The ATF2 project will extend the extraction beamline of the ATF with an ILC-type final focus system to create a tightly focused, stable beam by making use of the small emittance of the ATF. The layout is shown in Figure 1.1. In the longer term, the ATF2 project would also provide invaluable input for the CLIC design of a future multi-TeV collider.

  13. The fuzzball proposal for black holes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Skenderis, K.; Taylor, M.

    2008-01-01

    The fuzzball proposal states that associated with a black hole of entropy S, there are expS horizon-free non-singular solutions that asymptotically look like the black hole but generically differ from the black hole up to the horizon scale. These solutions, the fuzzballs, are considered to be the bl

  14. The Proposed Homeland Security Budget for 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. CBO 6 THE PROPOSED HOMELAND SECURITY BUDGET FOR 2013 CBOFigure 2. Homeland Security Funding Requested by the...Marshals Service Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Federal Bureau of Investigation Miscellaneousa Food and Drug Administration...Administration National Security Division Food and Drug Administration Federal Bureau of Investigation Firearms, and Explosives Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco

  15. 76 FR 61649 - Proposed Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... Planning and Review. This proposed rule is not a significant regulatory action under the criteria of... follows: * Elevation in feet (NGVD) + Elevation in feet (NAVD) Depth in feet above State City/town/county... City of Lubbock......... Playa System E1 At the intersection of Avenue T and 40th Street +3208 +3206 At...

  16. Environmental licensing for the implementation of small hydroelectric power plants: analysis and optimization proposals for Minas Gerais state, Brazil; Licenciamento ambiental para implantacao de pequenas centrais hidreletricas: analise e propostas de otimizacao para Minas Gerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedreira, Adriana Coli [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Programa de Pos-graduacao em Engenharia da Energia], e-mail: adriana@unifei.edu.br; Dupas, Francisco Antonio [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Inst. de Recursos Naturais], e-mail: dupas@unifei.edu.brT

    2004-07-01

    This document presents the legal and institutional aspects of the environmental licensing for the implementation of small hydroelectric power plants (SHPP). Laws and doctrine related to the topic were researched and concluded for Minas Gerais State with the help of a survey with the enterprises and institutions involved in the process to find out the difficulties that influence the delay of the analysis of the SHPP. It also highlights the importance of environmental zoning as a tool of environmental management for the procedure to obtain these licenses. The results show that 80% of the cases, the institutions do not respect the deadlines, 40% of the studies presented by the enterprises are insufficient, 60% there is lack of human resource and technical capacities of the environment institutions, and 80% non-fulfilment of the laws and non-integration of the institutions. Finally, the study concludes that the difficulties to obtain these licenses are based on the facts mentioned which are, the non-integration of the institutions and also, being recent, on the inexperience of the actors involved. Therefore, it is suggested that deadlines should be imposed for the institutions and the enterprises. There should be training, fund raising for the hiring of technicians, fulfillment of the law and above all, transparency in order to supply the electrical energy demand and guarantee the sustainable development. (author)

  17. Linewidth of submillimeter wave flux-flow oscillators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koshelets, V.P.; Shitov, S.V.; Shchukin, A.V.;

    1996-01-01

    A reliable technique for wide band measurements of the spectral linewidth of superconducting oscillators integrated on-chip with superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) detectors has been, developed, The spectral linewidth of flux-flow oscillators (FFO) based on the unidirectional and visco...... reference source has been demonstrated. The proposed technique may improve the sensitivity, frequency resolution, and stability of the fully superconducting integrated submillimeter wave receiver. (C) 1996 American Institute of Physics....

  18. Writing clear animal activity proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinson, David M

    2011-06-01

    Although IACUC-related topics are frequently discussed in the literature, there is little published information about how to write animal activity proposals. In this article, the author discusses key considerations in the writing and review of animal activity proposals. The author then describes a framework for developing and writing clear animal activity proposals that highlight animal welfare concerns. Though these recommendations are aimed at individuals writing and reviewing research proposals, the framework can be modified for other types of animal activity proposals.

  19. Current Situation and Development Proposals for Classiifed Reform of State-Owned Geological Exploration Units in Sichuan Province%四川省国有地勘单位分类改革现状及发展建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛成栋; 王志刚; 高兵; 杨浩

    2015-01-01

    四川省国有地勘单位改革主要做法有:争取政策支持,凸显野外工作的特殊性;以地质技术服务地方经济建设;培育核心竞争力,实施差异化发展。但也存在地勘单位对分类定位举棋不定、历史遗留问题依然没有妥善解决、省域内地勘单位数量多、差异大等矛盾和问题。建议:(1)加强行业改革发展顶层设计;(2)地勘单位应以发展为第一要务;(3)宣传树立地勘单位良好形象;(4)强化地勘单位服务社会的功能;(5)整合打造合理规模的公益性地勘队伍。%The main practices in classiifed reform of state-owned geological exploration units in Sichuan Province are as follows. Get the policy support and highlight the speciifcity of ifeld work; take geological technical services to promote the local economic development;enhance the core competitiveness and implement differential development strategy. Meanwhile, there’re also some problems in the process of reform, such as the classiifcation and orientation of geological exploration units are indecisive, historical issues are still not properly resolved, the quantity ofprovincial geological exploration units is huge and the differences are large. There are suggestions for further work as follows. First, strengthen the top-level design for the industry reform and development.Second,geological exploration units should take the business development as the top priority. Third,promote and establish a good image of geological exploration units. Fourth,strengthen the social services functions of geological exploration units. Finally, integrate and create a reasonably sizednon-proift geological exploration team.

  20. Josephson Current in Superconductor-Ferromagnet/Insulator/d-Wave Superconductor Junctions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xiao-Wei; DONG Zheng-Chao

    2005-01-01

    Solving the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation, the energy levels of bound states are obtained in the ferromagnetic superconductor. The Josephson currents in a ferromagnetic superconductor/Insulator/d-wave superconductor junction are calculated as a function of the exchange field, temperature, and insulating barrier strength. It is found that the Josephson critical current is always suppressed by the presence of exchange field h and depends on crystalline axis orientation of d-wave superconductor.

  1. 7 CFR 3405.12 - Intent to submit a proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Intent to submit a proposal. 3405.12 Section 3405.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION... of a Proposal § 3405.12 Intent to submit a proposal. To assist CSREES in preparing for the review...

  2. 7 CFR 3406.21 - Intent to submit a proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Submission of a Teaching or Research Proposal § 3406.21 Intent to submit a proposal. To assist CSREES in... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Intent to submit a proposal. 3406.21 Section 3406.21 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH,...

  3. The proposed EU-regulation on clinical trials on medicinal products: an unethical proposal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heringa, Jilles; Dute, Joseph

    2013-09-01

    The Commission has proposed a regulation 'on clinical trials on medicinal products for human use' to introduce one regulatory framework for clinical trials in the European Union. This regulation should replace the current clinical trials directive (2001/20/EC). In this article we describe and critically review the main provisions of the proposed regulation. We assess the consequences for a sound authorisation procedure of clinical trials and the level of protection for human subjects. We note that the proposed regulation is inconsistent with applicable international legal documents, such as the Biomedicine Convention and the Declaration of Helsinki. We conclude that the proposed regulation does not ensure a "high level of human health protection"--required by its legal basis in the TFEU--because it may force Member States concerned to accept a reporting Member States' approval of--in their estimation--an unethical clinical trial.

  4. Inter ministerial committee for the clean vehicles. Clean vehicles operating on LPG, GNV and electric power. State of the art of the programs and proposals of support public policies; Comite interministeriel pour les vehicules propres. Vehicules propres fonctionnant au GPL, GNV et a l'electricite. Etat des filieres et propositions de politiques publiques d'accompagnement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-04-01

    In the context of the greenhouse effect gases decrease, the french government developed a support policy towards the territorial authorities in the domain of the transport, which accounts for 25% of the energy consumption. This policy aims at develop the clean vehicles program by studying technical and financial solutions. In this framework the Government asked the Committee a report on the state of the art of the clean vehicles chain development. The concerned energies are the LPG, the GNV and the electric power. The report proposes also a strategical planning to support this sector. (A.L.B.)

  5. State-of-the-art study on standards for the restoration of existing buildings; State of the Art Studie 'Standards fuer Sanierungen von Bestandsgebaeuden'. Vorbereitende Studie zum 'Energy and GHG Optimised Building Renovation' new annex proposal - Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cypra, S.

    2009-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) discusses the results of a preliminary study on energy and greenhouse-gas optimised building renovation. The proposals are based on the building standards proposed under the '2000-Watt Society' and 'One-Tonne CO{sub 2} Society' proposals. Comparisons are made with Swiss official building standards as well as Swiss and international standards for zero-energy and passive housing. These standards and requirements are discussed in detail and examples of buildings built to meet them are described. Building standards based on sustainability standards are also discussed and compared. The methodology to be used with respect to single-family homes and apartment blocks is discussed. Finally, knowledge gaps are identified and appropriate literature is listed.

  6. Writing proposals for research funds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Mina D; Cameron, Cherylyn; Duff, Diane

    2005-03-01

    In this paper, we provide generic guidelines for writing proposals for research funds. These guidelines apply to quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods research proposals. A proposal for research funding provides an overview of the planned research and is required by funding agencies. The proposal is submitted for evaluation and ranking by a review committee according to the criteria put forth by that particular agency. It may be necessary to submit proposals to more than one agency to acquire sufficient operating and infrastructure funding for a research project.

  7. Opportunity through Education: Two Proposals. Policy Brief Number 181

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehurst, Grover J.

    2011-01-01

    The new normal for local, state and federal governments is fiscal austerity. Although President Obama supported education during his State of the Union address and in his budget proposal to Congress, cash-strapped localities and states--which foot most of the bill for educating America's children--may have to balance their budgets with cuts to…

  8. The fuzzball proposal for black holes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skenderis, Kostas [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018XE Amsterdam (Netherlands)], E-mail: skenderi@science.uva.nl; Taylor, Marika [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018XE Amsterdam (Netherlands)], E-mail: taylor@science.uva.nl

    2008-10-15

    The fuzzball proposal states that associated with a black hole of entropy S, there are expShorizon-free non-singular solutions that asymptotically look like the black hole but generically differ from the black hole up to the horizon scale. These solutions, the fuzzballs, are considered to be the black hole microstates, while the original black hole represents the average description of the system. The purpose of this report is to review current evidence for the fuzzball proposal, emphasizing the use of AdS/CFT methods in developing and testing the proposal. In particular, we discuss the status of the proposal for 2 and 3 charge black holes in the D1-D5 system, presenting new derivations and streamlining the discussion of their properties. Results to date support the fuzzball proposal, but further progress is likely to require going beyond the supergravity approximation and sharpening the definition of a 'stringy fuzzball'. We outline how the fuzzball proposal could resolve longstanding issues in black hole physics, such as Hawking radiation and information loss. Our emphasis throughout is on connecting different developments and identifying open problems and directions for future research.

  9. Proposed Continental Operations Range. United States Air Force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-06-01

    Fallon, Battle Motutain, Francis Peak, and Cedar City. Other COR non-participating ertities to be linked to COR Central to promote cooperation in...qualities worth retain’ng: friendliness, and toleration of privacy. "So it is a valid fear that some of thebe valued traditions will be lost with the...by sheep during the winter months from November 1 to April 30. (;razing units In the Battle Mountain Grazing district of the BL, in the northern part

  10. Russian Cyberspace Strategy and a Proposed United States Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    when the deputy director of the Department of Information Society Strategy, Vladimir Vasilyev, used the term several times in charts explaining...President Vladimir Putin’s document, “The Strategy of Information Society Development in Russia.”38 In 7 fact, Russia, like China prefers to use the

  11. A Proposed United States Grand Strategy for 2015-2030

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    allies, but our top priority must be to realign our ambitions and our resources to build a solid foundation for the future. America’s long-term influence...Encompasses a wide range of materials and techniques for storing energy, a necessity for the viability of many alternatives to fossil- fuel energy...sequestration (CCS) to prohibit CO2—a byproduct of burning coal—from entering the atmosphere; coal conversion into syngas ( gasification ); and

  12. Survey of health planning proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krakauer, R S

    1994-02-01

    It is important that physicians participate in the debate and planning process that will ultimately guide how we reform the way health care is financed and delivered in the United States. Herein is offered a perspective on the problem, one which is not necessarily appreciated by health planners. While we deliver the best quality of care in the world to most of our population, our system has been severely criticized because we fail to provide for access to a substantial minority of our population. Additionally, the cost of the product is considerably greater than that in comparable countries. Attempts to control costs without diminishing quality have introduced expensive complexities into our system without any real success in cutting costs. Several proposals have been advanced to address the issues of cost and access. One of these is a single payer system, common in Europe and Canada, whereby a single agent or group of agents finances all health care through universal rules and means. A system operating in Hawaii is a simple employer mandate to provide health insurance. A uniquely American plan is the Jackson Hole Plan or Managed Competition (now called "Managed Cooperation"). This system is currently popular among national health planners, and involves a defined minimum managed health plan offered by various groups of providers to employees and individuals through health plan purchasing cooperatives. This plan is interesting, but has not been implemented in any jurisdiction, and it is not certain it would accomplish its goals in practice since it is difficult to predict behavior of all parties to such a system.

  13. ERC Advanced Grant 2014 Project Proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Dresp-Langley, Birgitta

    2016-01-01

    Part B2: The scientific proposal (max. 15 pages) Section a. State-of-the-art and objectives: Studies based on qualitative and quantitative analyses of communication in medium size and large enterprises (Huang, 2004) have led to consider the advantages of socially responsible, cooperative, symmetrical, in short, ethical, communication for public relations, marketing and the economic development of smaller and larger organizations. Apart from being politically correct, ethical communication may...

  14. Towards a single proposal is spelling correction

    CERN Document Server

    Agirre, E; Sarasola, K

    1998-01-01

    The study presented here relies on the integrated use of different kinds of knowledge in order to improve first-guess accuracy in non-word context-sensitive correction for general unrestricted texts. State of the art spelling correction systems, e.g. ispell, apart from detecting spelling errors, also assist the user by offering a set of candidate corrections that are close to the misspelled word. Based on the correction proposals of ispell, we built several guessers, which were combined in different ways. Firstly, we evaluated all possibilities and selected the best ones in a corpus with artificially generated typing errors. Secondly, the best combinations were tested on texts with genuine spelling errors. The results for the latter suggest that we can expect automatic non-word correction for all the errors in a free running text with 80% precision and a single proposal 98% of the times (1.02 proposals on average).

  15. Spitzer Space Telescope proposal process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laine, S.; Silbermann, N. A.; Rebull, L. M.; Storrie-Lombardi, L. J.

    2006-06-01

    This paper discusses the Spitzer Space Telescope General Observer proposal process. Proposals, consisting of the scientific justification, basic contact information for the observer, and observation requests, are submitted electronically using a client-server Java package called Spot. The Spitzer Science Center (SSC) uses a one-phase proposal submission process, meaning that fully-planned observations are submitted for most proposals at the time of submission, not months after acceptance. Ample documentation and tools are available to the observers on SSC web pages to support the preparation of proposals, including an email-based Helpdesk. Upon submission proposals are immediately ingested into a database which can be queried at the SSC for program information, statistics, etc. at any time. Large proposals are checked for technical feasibility and all proposals are checked against duplicates of already approved observations. Output from these tasks is made available to the Time Allocation Committee (TAC) members. At the review meeting, web-based software is used to record reviewer comments and keep track of the voted scores. After the meeting, another Java-based web tool, Griffin, is used to track the approved programs as they go through technical reviews, duplication checks and minor modifications before the observations are released for scheduling. In addition to detailing the proposal process, lessons learned from the first two General Observer proposal calls are discussed.

  16. State and economy. William Beveridge and Walter Eucken's criticisms and proposals. (A historical comparative perspective Estado y economía: Críticas y propuestas en las miradas de William Beveridge y Walter Eucken (Una perspectiva histórica comparada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Llanos Reyes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The central problem that this paper addresses is the development of political economic thought, both in Germany and in Great Britain, related to the construction of societies in which the State had a role in ensuring levels of stability and economic security to its inhabitants, particularly during the late 1940s. This article proposes a comparative historical perspective of political economic thought of the British economist William Beveridge and his German counterpart Walter Eucken. The comparison is based on their critiques to the economic system and proposals on the role that the State should play in the economy. The study of the ideas of both thinkers, their criticisms and proposals on economic and political issues, allows us to understand the set of ideas that influenced the development of the Welfare State of the post war period, both in Britain and Germany.El tema central que aquí se aborda es el desarrollo del pensamiento político-económico, tanto en Alemania como Gran Bretaña, relacionado con la construcción de sociedades en las que el Estado desempeña el papel de asegurar niveles de estabilidad y seguridad económica a sus habitantes, particularmente durante la década de 1940. Este artículo ofrece una perspectiva histórica comparada del pensamiento económico-político de William Beveridge y Walter Eucken. Los aspectos que se comparan son principalmente las críticas hechas al sistema económico y sus propuestas sobre la función que debe cumplir el Estado en la economía. El estudio de las ideas de ambos pensadores, sus críticas y propuestas en los temas económicos y políticos, permite conocer de manera más profunda el conjunto de ideas que influyeron en el desarrollo de los estados de bienestar de posguerra, tanto en Gran Bretaña como en Alemania.

  17. 76 FR 10605 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ..., Health Screening, Services to Unaccompanied Refugee Minors, Administrative Cost of the Services to Unaccompanied Refugee Minors program, and Administrative Costs of the State Refugee Coordinator. Applicants also... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Proposed Information Collection Activity...

  18. On multipartite invariant states

    CERN Document Server

    Chruscinski, D; Chruscinski, Dariusz; Kossakowski, Andrzej

    2006-01-01

    We propose a natural generalization of bipartite Werner and isotropic states to multipartite systems consisting of an arbitrary even number of d-dimensional subsystems (qudits). These generalized states are invariant under the action of local unitary operations. We study basic properties of multipartite invariant states: separability criteria and multi-PPT conditions.

  19. 78 FR 14271 - Manual for Courts-Martial; Proposed Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-05

    ... of the Secretary Manual for Courts-Martial; Proposed Amendments AGENCY: Joint Service Committee on... amendments to the Manual for Courts-Martial, United States (2012 ed.)(MCM). SUMMARY: The Joint Service Committee on Military Justice (JSC) is publishing final proposed amendments to the Manual for...

  20. 78 FR 69805 - Periodic Reporting (Proposals Six Through Nine)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-21

    ... requested by the Commission. Id. C. Proposal Eight: Changes to MODS Operation Groups for Productivity Calculations The Postal Service states that Proposal Eight would modify the MODS operation groups reported in... requirements. In Docket No. ACR2012, folder USPS-FY12-23 provided MODS productivity data (TPF or TPH per...

  1. 22 CFR 18.18 - Proposed findings and conclusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Proposed findings and conclusions. 18.18 Section 18.18 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL REGULATIONS CONCERNING POST EMPLOYMENT CONFLICT OF INTEREST Administrative Enforcement Proceedings § 18.18 Proposed findings and...

  2. Grazing planning proposal : Valentine NWR

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This proposal is submitted with the intention of maximizing the long term quality and quantity of undisturbed cover and in particular preferred nesting cover for...

  3. Valentine Wilderness Proposal Conflict Correspondence

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Correspondence on the issue of grazing permits at Valentine National Wildlife Refuge in relation witht the proposed wilderness. Document also contains the Public...

  4. Review of a Proposed Quarterly Coal Publication

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    This Review of a Proposed Quartery Coal Publication contains findings and recommendations regarding the content of a new summary Energy Information Administration (EIA) coal and coke publication entitled The Quarterly Coal Review (QCR). It is divided into five sections: results of interviews with selected EIA data users; identification of major functions of the coal and coke industries; analysis of coal and coke data collection activities; evaluation of issues conerning data presentation including recommendations for the content of the proposed QCR; and comparison of the proposed QCR with other EIA publications. Major findings and recommendations are as follows: (1) User interviews indicate a definite need for a compehensive publication that would support analyses and examine economic, supply and demand trends in the coal industry; (2) the organization of the publication should reflect the natural order of activities of the coal and coke industries. Based on an analysis of the industries, these functions are: production, stocks, imports, exports, distribution, and consumption; (3) current EIA coal and coke surveys collect sufficient data to provide a summary of the coal and coke industries on a quarterly basis; (4) coal and coke data should be presented separately. Coke data could be presented as an appendix; (5) three geographic aggregations are recommended in the QCR. These are: US total, coal producing districts, and state; (6) coal consumption data should be consolidated into four major consumer categories: electric utilities, coke plants, other industrial, and residential commercial; (7) several EIA publications could be eliminated by the proposed QCR.

  5. Towards a Practical Proposal for Multilingualism in Education in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oduor, Jane A. N.

    2015-01-01

    This article proposes multilingualism in education, where indigenous languages are used alongside English as the media of instruction in schools to eventually promote their use in Kenya. It begins by stating Kenya's language policy in education. It then states the responses given by some primary and secondary school teachers who were interviewed…

  6. Towards a Practical Proposal for Multilingualism in Education in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oduor, Jane A. N.

    2015-01-01

    This article proposes multilingualism in education, where indigenous languages are used alongside English as the media of instruction in schools to eventually promote their use in Kenya. It begins by stating Kenya's language policy in education. It then states the responses given by some primary and secondary school teachers who were interviewed…

  7. 76 FR 37153 - Notice of Lodging Proposed Consent Decree

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-24

    ... hereby given that a proposed Consent Decree in United States v. Eddie's Service Station, et al., No. 5:10... Eddie's Service Station, Inc., and Gerald Oswald pursuant to 33 U.S.C. 1311(a), to obtain injunctive... Department of Justice, P.O. Box 23795, Washington, DC 20026 and refer to United States v. Eddie's...

  8. Kraft lignin biorefinery: A proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jianjun; Zhang, Quanguo; Lee, Duu-Jong

    2017-09-01

    Lignin is a huge energy and carbon reserve but owing to its highly biologically recalcitrant nature it is commonly regarded as a waste in lignocellulosic biomass biorefinery. To realize the lignin biorefinery, it is proposed to use Kraft lignin, isolated from black liquor from Kraft pulping mills, as starting material to be fragmented by fast pyrolysis or selective catalysis to aromatic sub-units and to be post-refining with additional cleavage reaction and separation/purification as commodity aromatics pool in chemical industries. This Note calls for research efforts on detailed investigation of the feasibility of this proposed scenario. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. ATF2 Proposal Vol.2

    OpenAIRE

    ATF2 Group

    2006-01-01

    The two major goals for this facility, called ATF2, are : (A) Achievement of a 37 nm beam size, and (B) control of beam position down to 2 nm level. The scientific justification for the ATF2 project and its technical design have been described in Volume 1 of the ATF2 Proposal. We present here Volume 2 of the ATF2 Proposal, in which we present specifics of the construction plans and the group organization to execute the research programs at ATF2.

  10. Computational and Theoretical Investigations of Strongly Correlated Fermions in Optical Lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    speaker, \\Physics of Superconductor - Insulator Transition and related topics", Argonne National Laboratory, November 16-19, 2010; talk titled \\Single...and two-particle spectral functions across the disorder- driven superconductor - insulator transition ". 22. Invited speaker, \\Fermions in Optical...energy gaps across the disorder- driven superconductor - insulator transition ", October 7, 2010, Harvard. 27. Seminar on \\Probing Quantum Phases of

  11. ACS Proposes Industrial Internship Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1972

    1972-01-01

    The American Chemical Society has proposed a federal program which would enable 1500 unemployed chemists and chemical engineers possessing master's or higher degrees to serve from one to two years as interns in industrial research and development installations. (Author/TS)

  12. Proposal to redefine the Quaternary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BradPillans

    2004-01-01

    The following proposal has been circulated, via the Executive of the International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA), to all INQUA members for discussion. It also appears on the ICS web site (www.stratigraphy.org). Comments may be sent to John Clague, President of INQUA (jclague@sfu.ca), and Brad Pillans(brad.pillans@anu.edu.au).

  13. 77 FR 19747 - Proposed Cancelation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Proposed Cancelation of the Air Taxi Authority Of VIH Cougar Helicopters, Inc... cause why it should not issue an order finding that VIH Cougar Helicopters, Inc. is not a U.S. citizen...

  14. 77 FR 61641 - Notice Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Clean Air Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-10

    ... Rico in the lawsuit entitled United States v. Suiza Dairy Corporation, Civil Action No. 3:12-cv-01810. The proposed Consent Decree memorializes a proposed settlement between the United States and Suiza.... The proposed settlement provides for Suiza to: (1) Implement over 40 compliance measures at each...

  15. Antiviral Drug Research Proposal Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Injaian

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The development of antiviral drugs provides an excellent example of how basic and clinical research must be used together in order to achieve the final goal of treating disease. A Research Oriented Learning Activity was designed to help students to better understand how basic and clinical research can be combined toward a common goal. Through this project students gained a better understanding of the process of scientific research and increased their information literacy in the field of virology. The students worked as teams to research the many aspects involved in the antiviral drug design process, with each student becoming an "expert" in one aspect of the project. The Antiviral Drug Research Proposal (ADRP culminated with students presenting their proposals to their peers and local virologists in a poster session. Assessment data showed increased student awareness and knowledge of the research process and the steps involved in the development of antiviral drugs as a result of this activity.

  16. XMM-Newton Proposal 03070901

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarz, Robert

    2004-10-01

    We propose to validate different scenarios (pole switching vs. pole migration) of accretion in slightly asynchronously rotating magnetic cataclysmic variables (mCVs) using a 60 ksec EPIC observation of a recently identified class member. Nearly-synchronous mCVs are important probes of magnetic accretion as the field geometry at the magnetospheric impact region of the accretion stream is perma- nently changing during the beat cycle between orbital and spin periods. Among the nearly-synchronous mCVs, RX J0524+42 has the highest degree of asynchronismn making it the most suitable target for this study. The proposed observations will cover just one complete beat cycle and will reveal the location, plasma temperature, and energy budget of the accretion regions as a function of the beat phase.

  17. Proposal of unified fermion texture

    CERN Document Server

    Królikowski, W

    1998-01-01

    A unified form of mass matrix is proposed for neutrinos, charged leptons, up quarks and down quarks. Some constraints for the parameters involved are tent% atively postulated. Then, the predictions are neatly consistent with available experimental data. Among the predictions are: (i) $ m_\\tau \\simeq 1776.80 $~MeV (with the inputs of $ m_e $ and $ m_\\mu $), (ii) $ m_{\

  18. PROPOSAL OF NEW OPTICAL ELEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goce Chadzitaskos

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available A overview of our patented proposals of new optical elements is presented. The elements are suitable for laser pulse analysis, telescopy, X-ray microscopy and X-ray telescopy. They are based on the interference properties of light: a special grating for a double slit pattern, parabolic strip imaging for a telescope, and Bragg’s condition for X-ray scattering on a slice of a single crystal for X-raymicroscopy and X-ray telescopy.

  19. Call for Special Issue Proposals

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning is seeking proposals for guest edited special topics issue to be published in 2016. The special issue should focus on a targeted area of interest relevant to problem-based learning, project-based learning, case-based learning, anchored instruction, or inquiry broadly. We are open to any areas of specialized interest, whether they are context, content, or process related.

  20. ATF2 Proposal v. 2

    CERN Document Server

    Grishanov, B I; Alabau-Pons, M; Angal-Kalinin, Deepa; Appleby, R; Araki, S; Bailey, I; Bambade, P; Bane, Karl Leopold Freitag; Barlow, R; Blair, G A; Bolzon, B; Boorman, G; Bosco, A; Brachmann, A; Braun, Hans Heinrich; Burrows, P N; Carter, J; Choi, J; Christian, Glenn B; Clarke, C; Dabiri-Khah, A; Dadoun, O; Danagulyan, S; Delerue, N; Dixit, S; Driouichi, C; Elsen E; Gao, J; Geffroy, N; Gronberg, J; Hartin, Anthony F; Hayano, H; Higashi, Y; Himel, T; Honda, Y; Howell, D; Huang, J Y; Iwashita, Y; Jenner, L; Jones, J; Jones, R; Jérémie, A; Kalinin, A; Kanazawa, K; Kang, H S; Karyotakis, Yu; Kim, E S; Kim, S; Komamiya, S; Kourevlev, German Yu; Kubo, K; Kumada, M; Kume, T; Kuriki, M; Kuroda, S; Liu, W; Logatchev, P V; Lyapin, A; Malton, S; Markiewicz, T W; Masuzawa, M; Mihara, T; Miller, D J; Molloy, S; Mtingwa, S; Naito, T; Nan-Phinney, Y; Napoly, O; Nelson, J; Okugi, T; Payet, J; Pei, G X; Pivi, M T F; Podgorny, F; Price, M; Raubenheimer, T O; Reichold, A; Ross, M; Sanuki, T; Schulte, Daniel; Seryi, R A; Solyak, N; Soo Ko In; Spencer, C M; Suehara, T; Sugahara, R; Takahashi, T; Takashi-Boogert, S; Tauchi, T; Telnov, Valery I; Tenenbaum, P G; Terunuma, N; Toge, N; Torrence, E; Urakawa, J; Urner, D; Vogel, V; Walker, N; Wang, J Q; Wendt, M; White, G; Wing, M; Wolski, A; Woodley, M; Yamaoka, H; Yokoya, K; Zimmermann, Frank

    2006-01-01

    For achieving the high luminosity required at the International Linear Collider (ILC), it is critical to focus the beams to nanometer size with the ILC Beam Delivery System (BDS), and to maintain the beam collision with a nanometer-scale stability. To establish the technologies associated with this ultra-high precision beam handling, it has been proposed to implement an ILC-like final focus optics in an extension of the existing extraction beamline of ATF at KEK. The ATF is considered to be the best platform for this exercise, since it provides an adequate ultra-low emittance electron beam in a manner dedicated to the development of ILC. The two major goals for this facility, called ATF2, are : (A) Achievement of a 37 nm beam size, and (B) control of beam position down to 2 nm level. The scientific justification for the ATF2 project and its technical design have been described in Volume 1 of the ATF2 Proposal [1]. We present here Volume 2 of the ATF2 Proposal, in which we present specifics of the construction...

  1. ATF2 Proposal Volume 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grishanov, B.I.; Logachev, P.; Podgorny, F.; Telnov, V.; /Novosibirsk, IYF; Angal-Kalinin, D.; Jones, J.; Kalinin, A.; /Daresbury; Napoly, O.; Payet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Braun, H.H.; Schulte, D.; Zimmermann, F.; /CERN; Appleby, R.; Barlow, R.; Bailey, I.; Jenner, L.; Jones, R.; Kourevlev, G.; /Cockcroft Inst.; Elsen, E.; Vogel, V.; Walker, N.; /DESY

    2006-02-27

    For achieving the high luminosity required at the International Linear Collider (ILC), it is critical to focus the beams to nanometer size with the ILC Beam Delivery System (BDS), and to maintain the beam collision with a nanometer-scale stability. To establish the technologies associated with this ultra-high precision beam handling, it has been proposed to implement an ILC-like final focus optics in an extension of the existing extraction beamline of ATF at KEK. The ATF is considered to be the best platform for this exercise, since it provides an adequate ultra-low emittance electron beam in a manner dedicated to the development of ILC. The two major goals for this facility, called ATF2, are: (A) Achievement of a 37 nm beam size, and (B) control of beam position down to 2 nm level. The scientific justification for the ATF2 project and its technical design have been described in Volume 1 of the ATF2 Proposal [1]. We present here Volume 2 of the ATF2 Proposal, in which we present specifics of the construction plans and the group organization to execute the research programs at ATF2. The sections in this report have been authored by relevant ATF2 subgroups within the International ATF Collaboration. The time line of the project is described in Section 2. Section 3 discuss the structure of the international collaboration. Sections 4 and 5 discuss budget considerations, which are presented as well as the design and construction tasks to be shared by the international collaboration at ATF2. Concluding remarks have been contributed by Dr. Ewan Paterson, Chair of the International Collaboration Board of the ATF collaboration.

  2. Proposals for iterated hash functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Lars Ramkilde; Thomsen, Søren Steffen

    2006-01-01

    The past few years have seen an increase in the number of attacks on cryptographic hash functions. These include attacks directed at specific hash functions, and generic attacks on the typical method of constructing hash functions. In this paper we discuss possible methods for protecting against...... some generic attacks. We also give a concrete proposal for a new hash function construction, given a secure compression function which, unlike in typical existing constructions, is not required to be resistant to all types of collisions. Finally, we show how members of the SHA-family can be turned...

  3. Upgrade trigger: Bandwidth strategy proposal

    CERN Document Server

    Boettcher, Thomas Julian; Meloni, Simone; Whitehead, Mark Peter; Williams, Mark Richard James

    2017-01-01

    This document describes a proposed selection strategy for the upgrade trigger using charm signals as a benchmark. The Upgrade trigger uses a 'Run2-like' sequence consisting of a first and second stage, in between which the calibration and alignment is performed. The first stage, HLT1, uses an inclusive strategy to select beauty and charm, while the second stage uses offline-quality exclusive selections. A novel genetic algorithm-based bandwidth division is performed at the second stage to maximise the output of useful physics events, and a range of possible signal efficiencies are presented as a function of the available bandwidth.

  4. Proposals for iterated hash functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Lars Ramkilde; Thomsen, Søren Steffen

    2006-01-01

    The past few years have seen an increase in the number of attacks on cryptographic hash functions. These include attacks directed at specific hash functions, and generic attacks on the typical method of constructing hash functions. In this paper we discuss possible methods for protecting against...... some generic attacks. We also give a concrete proposal for a new hash function construction, given a secure compression function which, unlike in typical existing constructions, is not required to be resistant to all types of collisions. Finally, we show how members of the SHA-family can be turned...

  5. Proposals for Iterated Hash Functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Lars Ramkilde; Thomsen, Søren Steffen

    2008-01-01

    The past few years have seen an increase in the number of attacks on cryptographic hash functions. These include attacks directed at specific hash functions, and generic attacks on the typical method of constructing hash functions. In this paper we discuss possible methods for protecting against...... some generic attacks. We also give a concrete proposal for a new hash function construction, given a secure compression function which, unlike in typical existing constructions, is not required to be resistant to all types of collisions. Finally, we show how members of the SHA-family can be turned...

  6. Proposals for Iterated Hash Functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Lars Ramkilde; Thomsen, Søren Steffen

    2008-01-01

    The past few years have seen an increase in the number of attacks on cryptographic hash functions. These include attacks directed at specific hash functions, and generic attacks on the typical method of constructing hash functions. In this paper we discuss possible methods for protecting against...... some generic attacks. We also give a concrete proposal for a new hash function construction, given a secure compression function which, unlike in typical existing constructions, is not required to be resistant to all types of collisions. Finally, we show how members of the SHA-family can be turned...

  7. Duality methods in networks, computer science models, and disordered condensed matter systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Joseph Dan

    In this thesis, I explore lattice independent duality and systems to which it can be applied. I first demonstrate classical duality on models in an external field, including the Ising, Potts, and x -- y models, showing in particular how this modifies duality to be lattice independent and applicable to networks. I then present a novel application of duality on the boolean satsifiability problem, one of the most important problems in computational complexity, through mapping to a low temperature Ising model. This establishes the equivalence between boolean satisfiability and a problem of enumerating the positive solutions to a Diophantine system of equations. I continue by combining duality with a prominent tool for models on networks, belief propagation, deriving a new message passing procedure, dual belief propagation. In the final part of my thesis, I shift to propose and examine a semiclassical model, the two-component Coulomb glass model, which can explain the giant magnetoresistance peak present in disordered films near a superconductor-insulator transition as the effect of competition between single particle and localized pair transport. I numerically analyze the density of states and transport properties of this model.

  8. Parameter and State Estimator for State Space Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruifeng Ding

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a parameter and state estimator for canonical state space systems from measured input-output data. The key is to solve the system state from the state equation and to substitute it into the output equation, eliminating the state variables, and the resulting equation contains only the system inputs and outputs, and to derive a least squares parameter identification algorithm. Furthermore, the system states are computed from the estimated parameters and the input-output data. Convergence analysis using the martingale convergence theorem indicates that the parameter estimates converge to their true values. Finally, an illustrative example is provided to show that the proposed algorithm is effective.

  9. Parameter and state estimator for state space models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Ruifeng; Zhuang, Linfan

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a parameter and state estimator for canonical state space systems from measured input-output data. The key is to solve the system state from the state equation and to substitute it into the output equation, eliminating the state variables, and the resulting equation contains only the system inputs and outputs, and to derive a least squares parameter identification algorithm. Furthermore, the system states are computed from the estimated parameters and the input-output data. Convergence analysis using the martingale convergence theorem indicates that the parameter estimates converge to their true values. Finally, an illustrative example is provided to show that the proposed algorithm is effective.

  10. Moderate Psoriasis: A Proposed Definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llamas-Velasco, M; de la Cueva, P; Notario, J; Martínez-Pilar, L; Martorell, A; Moreno-Ramírez, D

    2017-08-16

    The Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) is the most widely used scale for assessing the severity of psoriasis and for therapeutic decision making. On the basis of the PASI score, patients have been stratified into 2 groups: mild disease and moderate-to-severe disease. To draft a proposal for the definition and characterization of moderate psoriasis based on PASI and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) scores. A group of 6 dermatologists with experience in the treatment of psoriasis undertook a critical review of the literature and a discussion of cases to draft a proposal. In order of priority, PASI, DLQI, and body surface area (BSA) are the parameters to be used in daily practice to classify psoriasis as mild, moderate, or severe. Severity should be assessed on the basis of a combined evaluation and interpretation of the PASI and DLQI. And 3, PASI and DLQI should carry equal weight in the determination of disease severity. On this basis, psoriasis severity was defined using the following criteria: mild, PASI15, independently of the DLQI score. A more precise classification of psoriasis according to disease severity will improve the risk-benefit assessment essential to therapeutic decision making in these patients. Copyright © 2017 AEDV. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  11. Optomechanical proposal for monitoring microtubule mechanical vibrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barzanjeh, Sh.; Salari, V.; Tuszynski, J. A.; Cifra, M.; Simon, C.

    2017-07-01

    Microtubules provide the mechanical force required for chromosome separation during mitosis. However, little is known about the dynamic (high-frequency) mechanical properties of microtubules. Here, we theoretically propose to control the vibrations of a doubly clamped microtubule by tip electrodes and to detect its motion via the optomechanical coupling between the vibrational modes of the microtubule and an optical cavity. In the presence of a red-detuned strong pump laser, this coupling leads to optomechanical-induced transparency of an optical probe field, which can be detected with state-of-the art technology. The center frequency and line width of the transparency peak give the resonance frequency and damping rate of the microtubule, respectively, while the height of the peak reveals information about the microtubule-cavity field coupling. Our method opens the new possibilities to gain information about the physical properties of microtubules, which will enhance our capability to design physical cancer treatment protocols as alternatives to chemotherapeutic drugs.

  12. O curso de enfermagem da Universidade Estadual de Londrina na construção de uma nova proposta pedagógica Construyendo una nueva propuesta pedagógica en el curso de enfermería de la Universidad Estatal de Londrina The nursing program of the State University of Londrina in the construction of a new educational proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Baccarat de Godoy

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo teve como objetivo levantar a história do Currículo de Enfermagem da Universidade Estadual de Londrina, desde a implantação do Curso, em 1972, até o currículo atual, implantado em janeiro de 2000. O estudo constituiu-se em pesquisa bibliográfica e o resultado possibilitou delinear todo o processo de mudança curricular frente à inquietação dos docentes e às exigências do mercado de trabalho. O estudo, ao fundamentar todas as mudanças curriculares, contribui para melhor compreendermos a nova proposta pedagógica, baseada na concepção crítico-social e respaldada na pedagogia problematizadora, aplicada no atual Currículo Integrado do Curso de Enfermagem, da Universidade Estadual de Londrina.El articulo tuvo como objetivo levantar la historia del Currículum de Enfermería de la Universidad Estatal de Londrina, desde la implantación del Curso, en 1972, hasta el currículum actual, implantado en enero de 2000. El estudio se constituyó en pesquisa bibliográfica y el resultado posibilitó delinear todo el proceso de cambio curricular frente a la inquietud de los docentes y a las exigencias del mercado laboral. El estudio, al fundamentar todos los cambios curriculares, contribuye para comprender mejor la nueva propuesta pedagógica aplicada en el actual Currículum Integrado del Curso de Enfermería de la Universidad Estatal de Londrina.This study aimed at outlining the history of the Nursing Curriculum of the State University of Londrina from its beginning in 1972 to the elaboration of the present Curriculum, which was implemented in January 2000. The study was based on a literature review and the results enabled us to outline the whole process of curricular changes in view of the the professors' disquiet and the demands from the work. By substantiating all the curricular changes, the study has contributed to a better understanding of the new educational proposal, which is based on the critical and social conception founded

  13. The State and Corporatism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaspersen, Lars Bo; Schmidt-Hansen, Ulrich

    in corporatist theory. In particular, we draw upon a conceptualization of the state developed by Michael Mann and Eric Nordlinger's different forms of state autonomy. We propose a state-centered theoretical focus enabling us to grasp the role of the state in the dynamics of the corporatist system. In the second......In the literature on the establishment and development of the Danish variant of corporatism, emphasis has most often been on the role of the social partners. Scholars rarely stress the crucial role which the state has played in the development of the system. We argue that several actors contributed...... to the development of the `Danish model', but that these actors were often orchestrated by the state. At crucial moments the direction of these different actors was even determined by the state. In the first part of the article, it is argued that the state has been under-theorized and to some extent neglected...

  14. Proposal of a formal gynecologic endoscopy curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morozov, Vadim; Nezhat, Ceana

    2009-01-01

    As minimally invasive surgery becomes the standard of care in the United States and around the world, the formal training of endoscopic surgeons is an issue of growing concern. With the implementation of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists/Society of Reproductive Surgeons (AAGL/SRS)-sponsored fellowship training in gynecologic endoscopy and a growing number of hands-on courses, we have the challenge of credentialing and certifying future gynecologic endoscopists. The objective of this article is to propose and to illustrate a uniform standardized core curriculum for obstetrics and gynecology residents, fellows in AAGL/SRS-sponsored fellowship programs, and participants in postgraduate courses. Consisting of 3 discrete parts, this proposal addresses formal laparoscopic training for gynecologists, already implemented and available to general surgeons, and a novel proposition for core training in hysteroscopy. The curriculum is distributed in a quarterly system with specific educational objectives in each quarter. After quarters 1 and 2, an online examination is given; after quarter 3, participants are required to take and pass a hands-on examination at a specified testing facility; and at the end of quarter 4, participants must demonstrate leadership skills in the operating room and in a teaching capacity, and promote the principles of the AAGL.

  15. CAST Physics Proposal to SPSC

    CERN Document Server

    CAST, Collaboration

    2011-01-01

    The CAST experiment has the potential to search for solar axions (dark matter particle candidates) or other particles with similar coupling. E.g., paraphtons (Hidden Sector), chameleons (dark energy), while considering the possibility whether CAST could be transformed to an antenna for relic axions with rest mass up to 0.1 to 1meV. While axion searches suggest detectors with lower background, paraphoton and chameleon searches require detectors with sub-keV threshold energy and the use of transparent windows in front of the Micromegas detectors, which cover 3 out of the 4 CAST magnet exits. Ongoing theoretical estimates and experimental investigations will define the priorities of the suggested 4 physics items of this proposal for the period 2012-2014.

  16. XMM-Newton Proposal 03040307

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Tracey Jane

    2004-10-01

    Energy-time maps of Mkn 766 and NGC 3516 show hotspots traversing arcs of their orbit within the accretion disk and represent the first direct detection of the orbital motions of material around supermassive black holes. This proposal aims to make a detailed study of the hotspot orbits and lifetimes. It should also be possible to make Doppler-tomography maps for Mkn766, based on early attempts from the existing data. This spectacular new area of science, one within reach of XMM, offers amazing insight into supermassive black hole systems, yet has barely been touched upon to date. Here we show spectacular new results confirming the hotspot origin for energy-shifted Fe lines and demonstrating the urgent need for long XMM observations of Mkn 766 and NGC 3516.

  17. The greenway as a means to recover valley floor areas: A proposal for the Mandacarú stream, Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil=O parque linear na recuperação de áreas de fundos de vale: propostas para o Córrego Mandacarú, Maringá, Estado do Paraná, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Luiz Domingos De Angelis

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This study proposes to recover the Mandacarú Stream, located in the city of Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil by developing a greenway. The stream in question has been extremely degraded, principally by human activity. The proposed methodology begins with preparing a scenario for the valley floor with a greenway in place. This is followed by an investigation of the corridor’s ecological and cultural variables, taking a holistic view to synthesise and diagnose the information collected. Guidelines for recovering the valley floor and developing the greenway are then drawn up to direct the preparation of the final plan. As a result, the principal environmental impacts that undermine the quality of the study area were surveyed, such as erosion, loss of riparian vegetation, illegal sewage connections and lack of environmental education. A list of guidelines was developed for recovering and conserving the area, in combination with the development of a greenway along the valley floor. It is hoped that these guidelines can assist a future intervention at this location and that the proposed method can be used as the basis for the recovery of other urban valley floors.O presente estudo propõe a recuperação do fundo de vale do córrego Mandacarú, localizado na cidade de Maring, Estado do Paraná, por meio da implantação de um parque linear. O córrego em questão encontra-se bastante degradado, principalmente, pela ação antrópica. A metodologia proposta parte da elaboração de um cenário prévio para o fundo de vale com o parque linear implantado, em seguida será realizada uma investigação das variáveis ecológicas e culturais do corredor, além de uma síntese e diagnóstico destas informações coletadas por meio de uma visão holística, traçando-se diretrizes para recuperação do fundo de vale e implantação do parque que nortearão a elaboração do plano final. Como resultado, foram levantados os principais impactos ambientais que

  18. Proposal of Unified Fermion Texture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krolikowski, W.

    1998-03-01

    unified form of mass matrix is proposed for neutrinos, charged leptons, up quarks and down quarks. Some constraints for the parameters involved are tentatively postulated. Then, the predictions are neatly consistent with available experimental data. Among the predictions are: (i) mτ ~1776.80 MeV (with the inputs of me and mμ ), (ii) mν_0 ≪ mν_1~(0.6 to )× 10-2 eV and mν_2~ (0.2 to 1)× 10-1 eV (with the atmospheric-neutrino inputs of |mν_22 - mν_12| × (0.0003 to 0.01) eV2 and the νμ → ντ oscillation amplitude × 0.8), and also ( iii) ms ~270 MeV, |Vub/Vcb| ~0.082 and argVub ~-640 (with the inputs of mc = 1.3 GeV, mb = 4.5 GeV, |Vus| = 0.221 and |Vcb| = 0.041, where mu ≪ mc ≪ mt and md ≪ ms ≪ mb ). All elements of the Cabibbo--Kobayashi--Maskawa matrix are evaluated. All elements of its lepton counterpart are calculated up to an unknown phase (Appendix B). Some items related to dynamical aspects of the proposed fermion ``texture'' are briefly commented on (Appendix A). In particular, the notion of a novel dark matter, free of any Standard Model interactions (and their supersymmetric variants), appears in the case of preon option.

  19. 76 FR 1618 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... this notice. Proposed Project Indicators of the Performance of Local, State, Territorial, and Tribal...), state education agencies (SEA), territorial education agencies (TEA), and tribal governments (TG). DASH... questions about planning and improving projects; development and distribution of materials,...

  20. New proposed method for prediction of reservoir sedimentation distribution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    H. Hosseinjanzadeh; K. Hosseini; K. Kaveh; S.F. Mousavi

    2015-01-01

    abstract Prediction of sediment distribution in reservoirs is an important issue for dam designers to determine the reservoir active storage capacity. Methods proposed to calculate sediment distribution are varied, and mainly empirical. Among all the methods currently available, only area-reduction and area-increment methods are considered as the principal methods for prediction of sediment distribution. In this paper, data of 16 reservoirs in the United States are used to propose a new empirical method for prediction of sediment distribution in reservoirs. In the proposed method, reservoir sediment distribu-tion is related to sediment volume and original reservoir characteristics. To validate the accuracy of the new proposed method, obtained results are compared with survey data for two reservoirs. The results of this investigation showed that the proposed method has an acceptable accuracy.

  1. Nonconsensual Sex Crimes and the UCMJ: A Proposal for Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-04-01

    victim’s everyday activities , inability to eat or sleep, intestinal disorders and fears of physical abuse or death, long-term sleep disorder and depression...refers to whether the victim can exercise judgment regarding consent to sexual activity . 496 Several other states 493 See infra app. 蚾 See, e.g...DOCUMENT NONCONSENSUAL SEX CRIMES AND THE UCMJ: A PROPOSAL FOR REFORM A Thesis Presented to The Judge Advocate General’s School United States Army in

  2. Adobe Boxes: Locating Object Proposals Using Object Adobes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Zhiwen; Cao, Zhiguo; Xiao, Yang; Zhu, Lei; Yuan, Junsong

    2016-09-01

    Despite the previous efforts of object proposals, the detection rates of the existing approaches are still not satisfactory enough. To address this, we propose Adobe Boxes to efficiently locate the potential objects with fewer proposals, in terms of searching the object adobes that are the salient object parts easy to be perceived. Because of the visual difference between the object and its surroundings, an object adobe obtained from the local region has a high probability to be a part of an object, which is capable of depicting the locative information of the proto-object. Our approach comprises of three main procedures. First, the coarse object proposals are acquired by employing randomly sampled windows. Then, based on local-contrast analysis, the object adobes are identified within the enlarged bounding boxes that correspond to the coarse proposals. The final object proposals are obtained by converging the bounding boxes to tightly surround the object adobes. Meanwhile, our object adobes can also refine the detection rate of most state-of-the-art methods as a refinement approach. The extensive experiments on four challenging datasets (PASCAL VOC2007, VOC2010, VOC2012, and ILSVRC2014) demonstrate that the detection rate of our approach generally outperforms the state-of-the-art methods, especially with relatively small number of proposals. The average time consumed on one image is about 48 ms, which nearly meets the real-time requirement.

  3. New York State budget update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-04-01

    The New York State Assembly proposed a 1999-2000 spending plan that rejected Governor George Pataki's sweeping cuts in funding for AIDS and other health-related programs. The proposal would add $12.4 million to AIDS services, including $10 million for community-based HIV-related services. The State Senate has not yet issued its proposed budget. The Governor is expected to be the biggest obstacle to the funding; he used his veto power extensively last year.

  4. Proposal of unified fermion texture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krolikowski, W. [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Warsaw University, Warsaw (Poland)

    1998-03-01

    A unified form of mass matrix is proposed for neutrinos, charged leptons, up quarks and down quarks. Some constraints for the parameters involved are tentatively postulated. Then, the predictions are neatly consistent with available experimental data. Among the predictions are: (i) m{sub {tau}} {approx_equal} 1776.80 MeV (with the inputs of m{sub e} and m{sub {mu}}), (ii) m{sub {nu}0}<proposed fermion {sup t}exture`` are briefly commented on (Appendix A). In particular, the notion of a novel dark matter, free of any Standard Model interactions (and their supersymmetric variants), appears in the case of preon option. (author)

  5. DARWIN mission proposal to ESA

    CERN Document Server

    Leger, Alain

    2007-01-01

    The discovery of extra-solar planets is one of the greatest achievements of modern astronomy. There are now more than 200 such objects known, and the recent detection of planets with masses approximately 5 times that of Earth demonstrates that extra-solar planets of low mass exist. In addition to providing a wealth of scientific information on the formation and structure of planetary systems, these discoveries capture the interest of both scientists and the wider public with the profound prospect of the search for life in the Universe. We propose an L-type mission, called Darwin, whose primary goal is the study of terrestrial extrasolar planets and the search for life on them. By its very nature, Darwin advances the first Grand Theme of ESA Cosmic Vision. Accomplishing the mission objectives will require collaborative science across disciplines ranging from planet formation and atmospheres to chemistry and biology, and these disciplines will reap profound rewards from their contributions to the Darwin mission...

  6. Proposed National Large Solar Telescope

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Jagdev Singh

    2008-03-01

    Sun’s atmosphere is an ideal place to study and test many magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) processes controlling turbulent plasma. We wish to resolve some of the finest solar features (which remain unresolved presently) and study their dynamics. Indian Institute of Astrophysics has proposed to design, fabricate and install a 2-meter class solar telescope at a suitable site in India to resolve features on the Sun of the size of about 0.1 arcsec. The focal plane instruments will include a high resolution polarimeteric package to measure polarization with an accuracy of 0.01 per cent; a high spectral resolution spectrograph to obtain spectra in 5 widely separated absorption lines simultaneously and high spatial resolution narrow band imagers in various lines. The Himalayan region appears to be a good choice keeping in view the prevailing dry and clear weather conditions. We have started detailed analysis of the weather conditions in the area and at some other locations in India. The site characterization will be done using the Sun-photometer, S-DIMM and SHABAR techniques to determine the seeing conditions.

  7. ATF2 Proposal v.1

    CERN Document Server

    Braun, H; Logatchev, P V; Podgorny, Fedor; Telnov, Valery I; Angal-Kalinin, Deepa; Appleby, Robert; Jones, James; Kalinin, Alexander; Napoly, Olivier; Payet, Jacques; Braun, Hans Heinrich; Schulte, Daniel; Zimmermann, Frank; Barlow, Roger J; Bailey, Ian Richard; Jenner, Leo; Jones, Roger; Kourevlev, German Yu; Walker, Nick; Takahasi, Tohru; Gao, Jie; Liu Wei Bin; Pei Guo Xi; Wang Jiu Qing; Delerue, Nicolas; Dixit, Sudhir; Howell, David Francis; Reichold, Armin; Agapov, Ilya V; Blair, Grahame A; Boorman, Gary; Carter, John; Driouichi, Chafik; Price, Michael T; Araki, Sakae; Hayano, Hitoshi; Higashi, Yasuo; Honda, Yosuke; Kanazawa, Ken Ichi; Kubo, Kiyoshi; Kume, Tatsuya; Kuriki, Masao; Kuroda, Shigeru; Masuzawa, Mika; Naito, Takashi; Okugi, Toshiyuki; Sugahara, Ryuhei; Tauchi, Toshiaki; Terunuma, Nobuhiro; Toge, Nobu; Urakawa, Junji; Vogel, Vladimir; Yamaoka, Hiroshi; Yokoya, Kaoru; Yoshihisa, Iwashita; Mihara, Takanori; Bambade, Philip; Wolski, Andrzej; Gronberg, Jeff; Takashi Boogert, Stewart; Lyapin, A; Malton, Stephen; Miller, David J; Kumada, Masayuki; Danagulyan, S; Torrence, Eric; Choi Jinh Yuk; Huang Jung Yun; Sik Kang Heung; Kim, E S; Kim Seungh Wan; Soo Ko In; Burrows, P N; Christian, Glenn B; Clarke, Christine; Hartin, Anthony F; Dabiri-Khah, Hamid; Molloy, Stephen; Bane, Karl Leopold Freitag; Brachmann, Axel; Himel, Thomas; Markiewicz, Thomas W; Nelson, Janice; Nosochkov, Yuri; Phinney, Nan; Torino, Mauro; Pivi, Francesco; Raubenheimer, T O; Ross, Marc; Ruland, R E; Seryi, Andrei; Spencer, Cherrill M; Tenenbaum, P G; Woodley, Mark; Komamiya, Sachio; Sanuki, Tomoyuki; Suehara, T

    2005-01-01

    Since the ICFA decision on the choice of technology, a world-wide collaboration on the design of the ILC has rapidly progressed. The formation of the GDE will accelerate the work towards a final design. An important technical challenge is obviously the high gradient acceleration but what is similarly challenging is the collision of extremely small beams of a few nanometer size. The latter challenge has three distinct issues: creating small emittance beams, preserving the emittance during acceleration and transport, and focusing the beams to nanometers. Most studies have been done using computer simulations but many issues still remain that require experimental verification. KEK-ATF was built to create small emittance beams, and succeeded in obtaining an emittance that almost satisfies the ILC requirements. In this proposal we present a project, ATF2, which addresses the third issue, namely the focusing of the beam into nanometer spot.ybr> In the longer term, the ATF2 project would also provide invaluable inpu...

  8. A Proposed NFC Payment Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pardis Pourghomi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Near Field Communication (NFC technology is based on a short range radio communication channel which enables users to exchange data between devices. With NFC technology, mobile services establish a contactless transaction system to make the payment methods easier for people. Although NFC mobile services have great potential for growth, they have raised several issues which have concerned the researches and prevented the adoption of this technology within societies. Reorganizing and describing what is required for the success of this technology have motivated us to extend the current NFC ecosystem models to accelerate the development of this business area. In this paper, we introduce a new NFC payment application, which is based on our previous “NFC Cloud Wallet” model [1] to demonstrate a reliable structure of NFC ecosystem. We also describe the step by step execution of the proposed protocol in order to carefully analyse the payment application and our main focus will be on the Mobile Network Operator (MNO as the main player within the ecosystem.

  9. Brand Value - Proposed Model Danrise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Nascimento Pereira da Silva

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Brands have taken dominance in the strategies of enterprises once they are able to generate feelings, sensations and emotions in their clients. These values, value for the enterprises and for the brands themselves, are not measurable. A strong brand configures itself as the highest representative of an enterprise and the brand is regarded as an asset of the enterprise. The evolution of a brand, as an intangible and strategic asset, becomes more vitally important for the enterprises, as a way of maximizing the results. This need, whether of the market or the enterprises, justifies the direction of the research for this vector – the value of the brand. A main objective of the research is to present a new model of brand evaluation. This model is supported by a tangible and intangible aspects and the intangible aspect, evaluates the knowledge and capacity of their managers and workers to build a brand with value through the correct ordering of the priorities of the dimensions of the proposed model. The model was tested on the brand ‗Blue Rise.‘ 

  10. Superconductor-insulator-normal-conductor-insulator-superconductor (Nb/Al{sub x}O{sub y}/Al/Al{sub x}O{sub y}/Nb) process development for integrated circuit applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balashov, D.; Buchholz, F.M.; Schulze, H.; Khabipov, M.I.; Kessel, W.; Niemeyer, J. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig (Germany)

    1998-12-01

    The paper reports on recent developments in a new technology process in LTS implementation to fabricate intrinsically shunted tunnel junctions. The process has been realized in SINIS Nb/Al{sub x}O{sub y}/Al/Al{sub x}O{sub y}/Nb multilayer thin-film technology. In various test series, circuits containing a large variety of single junctions and junction arrays of different contact areas and sizes were fabricated and measured. By variation of the oxidation parameters the fabrication process has been optimized for application in integrated circuits operating in RSFQ impulse logic. The junction parameter values realized for the critical current density j{sub c} range to up to about j{sub c} = 1000 A cm{sup -2}, those for the characteristic voltage V{sub c} to up to about V{sub c} = 230 {mu}V. The junctions show nearly non-hysteretic current-voltage characteristics; the intra-wafer parameter spread is below 10%. The junctions realized fulfil the requirements imposed for digital RSFQ circuit operation at clock frequencies in the lower GHz frequency range. (author)

  11. An Early Quantum Computing Proposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Stephen Russell [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Alexander, Francis Joseph [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Barros, Kipton Marcos [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Daniels, Marcus G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gattiker, James R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hamada, Michael Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Howse, James Walter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Loncaric, Josip [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pakin, Scott D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Somma, Rolando Diego [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vernon, Louis James [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2016-04-04

    The D-Wave 2X is the third generation of quantum processing created by D-Wave. NASA (with Google and USRA) and Lockheed Martin (with USC), both own D-Wave systems. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) purchased a D-Wave 2X in November 2015. The D-Wave 2X processor contains (nominally) 1152 quantum bits (or qubits) and is designed to specifically perform quantum annealing, which is a well-known method for finding a global minimum of an optimization problem. This methodology is based on direct execution of a quantum evolution in experimental quantum hardware. While this can be a powerful method for solving particular kinds of problems, it also means that the D-Wave 2X processor is not a general computing processor and cannot be programmed to perform a wide variety of tasks. It is a highly specialized processor, well beyond what NNSA currently thinks of as an “advanced architecture.”A D-Wave is best described as a quantum optimizer. That is, it uses quantum superposition to find the lowest energy state of a system by repeated doses of power and settling stages. The D-Wave produces multiple solutions to any suitably formulated problem, one of which is the lowest energy state solution (global minimum). Mapping problems onto the D-Wave requires defining an objective function to be minimized and then encoding that function in the Hamiltonian of the D-Wave system. The quantum annealing method is then used to find the lowest energy configuration of the Hamiltonian using the current D-Wave Two, two-level, quantum processor. This is not always an easy thing to do, and the D-Wave Two has significant limitations that restrict problem sizes that can be run and algorithmic choices that can be made. Furthermore, as more people are exploring this technology, it has become clear that it is very difficult to come up with general approaches to optimization that can both utilize the D-Wave and that can do better than highly developed algorithms on conventional computers for

  12. Geometry of entangled states

    CERN Document Server

    Kus, M; Kus, Marek; Zyczkowski, Karol

    2001-01-01

    Geometric properties of the set of quantum entangled states are investigated. We propose an explicit method to compute the dimension of local orbits for any mixed state of the general K x M problem. In particular we analyze the simplest case of 2 x 2 problem finding a stratification of the 6-D set of N=4 pure states. The set of effectively different states (which cannot be related by local transformations) is one dimensional. It starts at a 3-D manifold of maximally entangled states, cuts generic 5-D manifolds of entangled states (labeled by non-zero values of the entropy of entanglement), and ends at a single 4-D manifold of separable states.

  13. Contaminant analysis automation demonstration proposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dodson, M.G.; Schur, A.; Heubach, J.G.

    1993-10-01

    The nation-wide and global need for environmental restoration and waste remediation (ER&WR) presents significant challenges to the analytical chemistry laboratory. The expansion of ER&WR programs forces an increase in the volume of samples processed and the demand for analysis data. To handle this expanding volume, productivity must be increased. However. The need for significantly increased productivity, faces contaminant analysis process which is costly in time, labor, equipment, and safety protection. Laboratory automation offers a cost effective approach to meeting current and future contaminant analytical laboratory needs. The proposed demonstration will present a proof-of-concept automated laboratory conducting varied sample preparations. This automated process also highlights a graphical user interface that provides supervisory, control and monitoring of the automated process. The demonstration provides affirming answers to the following questions about laboratory automation: Can preparation of contaminants be successfully automated?; Can a full-scale working proof-of-concept automated laboratory be developed that is capable of preparing contaminant and hazardous chemical samples?; Can the automated processes be seamlessly integrated and controlled?; Can the automated laboratory be customized through readily convertible design? and Can automated sample preparation concepts be extended to the other phases of the sample analysis process? To fully reap the benefits of automation, four human factors areas should be studied and the outputs used to increase the efficiency of laboratory automation. These areas include: (1) laboratory configuration, (2) procedures, (3) receptacles and fixtures, and (4) human-computer interface for the full automated system and complex laboratory information management systems.

  14. 76 FR 52956 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-24

    ... child poverty rate. If HHS determines from the assessment and other information that the child poverty...; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: Methodology for Determining Whether an Increase in a State's... Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 370 L'Enfant Promenade, SW.,...

  15. The Gulf Security Dialogue and Related Arms Sale Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-08

    calendar day review period provided by the AECA.24 At a press conference on January 15, Representative Weiner and Representative Robert Wexler stated...On May 13, 2008, Senator Charles Schumer introduced S.J.Res 32 to prohibit the issuance of a letter of offer for four proposed arms sales26 to Saudi

  16. An Experimental Proposal for Demonstration of Macroscopic Quantum Effects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jensen R.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available An experiment is proposed, whose purpose is to determine whether quantum indeterminism can be observed on a truly macroscopic scale. The experiment involves using a double-slit plate or interferometer and a macroscopic mechanical switch. The objective is to determine whether or not the switch can take on an indeterminate state.

  17. An Experimental Proposal for Demonstration of Macroscopic Quantum Effects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jensen R.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available An experiment is proposed, whose purpose is to determine whether quantum indeter- minism can be observed on a truly macroscopic scale. The experiment involves using a double-slit plate or interferometer and a macroscopic mechanical switch. The objective is to determine whether or not the switch can take on an indeterminate state.

  18. 76 FR 60847 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ...; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: Refugee Data Submission System for Allocation of Formula Funds. OMB No.: 0970-0043. Description: The Refugee Data Submission System for Allocation of Formula Funds is... to States. The submission of individual records via the Refugee Data Submission System for...

  19. 78 FR 1213 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-08

    ...; Comment Request Title: Descriptive Study of County versus State Administered Temporary Assistance for... and Families (ACF) is proposing an information collection activity as part of the Descriptive Study of... to the Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 370...

  20. A Marriage Proposal: Cable Television and Local Public Power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Louis; Woods, Robert A.

    Two articles reprinted from "Public Power" discuss the present state of cable television (TV), its future prospects, and the opportunities offered municipal utilities by cable TV. The proposal is that local publicly-owned electric utilities meet the requirements of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for cable TV ownership and have the…

  1. 77 FR 34066 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    ... hereby given that a proposed Consent Decree in United States of America v. Dennis Wendt, individually and as Trustee of the Dennis Wendt Trust Co., Wendt Construction Co., Inc., and WWW.PERSSARD.INC., Civil... against Dennis Wendt, individually and as Trustee of the Dennis Wendt Trust Co., Wendt Construction...

  2. Improving the convergence of an iterative algorithm proposed by Waxman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, W. A.; Miller, H. G.

    2006-11-01

    In an iterative algorithm recently proposed by Waxman for solving eigenvalue problems, we point out that the convergence rate may be improved. For many non-singular symmetric potentials which vanish asymptotically, a simple analytical relationship between the coupling constant of the potential and the ground state eigenvalue is obtained which can be used to make the algorithm more efficient.

  3. Improving the Convergence of an Iterative Algorithm Proposed By Waxman

    CERN Document Server

    Berger, W A

    2006-01-01

    In the iterative algorithm recently proposed by Waxman for solving eigenvalue problems, we point out that the convergence rate may be improved. For many non-singular symmetric potentials which vanish asymptotically, a simple analytical relationship between the coupling constant of the potential and the ground state eigenvalue is obtained which can be used to make the algorithm more efficient.

  4. A proposed concept for a crustal dynamics information management network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohman, G. M.; Renfrow, J. T.

    1980-01-01

    The findings of a requirements and feasibility analysis of the present and potential producers, users, and repositories of space-derived geodetic information are summarized. A proposed concept is presented for a crustal dynamics information management network that would apply state of the art concepts of information management technology to meet the expanding needs of the producers, users, and archivists of this geodetic information.

  5. 75 FR 57034 - Proposed Information Collection Activity; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ...; Comment Request Proposed Projects Title: State Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP). OMB No... reform, amends Title V of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 701 et seq.) as amended by sections 2951 and 2952(c), by adding section 513, authorizing the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP)....

  6. States of Consciousness and State-Specific Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tart, Charles T.

    1972-01-01

    Proposes the development of state-specific sciences" to overcome the problems of scientifically studying altered states of consciousness induced by drugs or meditation from the paradigm of the ordinary consciousness state. The requirements of good observation, public nature of the observation, logical theorizing, and testing of theories by…

  7. Teleportation of Two-Particle Entangled State via Cluster State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Da-Chuang; CAO Zhuo-Liang

    2007-01-01

    In this paper,two schemes for teleporting an unknown two-particle entangled state from the sender (Alice)to the receiver (Bob) via a four-particle entangled cluster state are proposed.In these two schemes,the unknown twoparticle entangled state can be teleported perfectly.The successful probabilities and fidelities of the schemes can reach unity.

  8. A proposal of Potentially Meaningful Teaching Unit using concept maps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaís Rafaela Hilger

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents preliminary results from the implementation of a Potentially Meaningful Teaching Unit in four classes of third grade of secondary educational from a public school in the city of Bagé (Rio Grande do Sul. The proposed content deals with concepts related to Quantum Physics (quantization, uncertainty principle, state and superposition of states, presented in accordance with the sequence of eight steps of Potentially Meaningful Teaching Unit, seeking meaningful learning of these concepts. Are analyzed in this work mental maps and concept maps produced in pairs, as well as the comparison between them. Also presented are some comments from students about their development in the understanding of the concepts covered in the proposal. The proposal was a well received and, although the study is still in progress and part of a broader research, already provide evidence of significant learning, which is the goal of a Potentially Meaningful Teaching Unit.

  9. Search-Order Independent State Caching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Evangelista, Sami; Kristensen, Lars Michael

    2009-01-01

    State caching is a memory reduction technique used by model checkers to alleviate the state explosion problem. It has traditionally been coupled with a depth-first search to ensure termination.We propose and experimentally evaluate an extension of the state caching method for general state...... exploring algorithms that are independent of the search order (i.e., search algorithms that partition the state space into closed (visited) states, open (to visit) states and unmet states)....

  10. Search-Order Independent State Caching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Evangelista, Sami; Kristensen, Lars Michael

    2010-01-01

    State caching is a memory reduction technique used by model checkers to alleviate the state explosion problem. It has traditionally been coupled with a depth-first search to ensure termination.We propose and experimentally evaluate an extension of the state caching method for general state...... exploring algorithms that are independent of the search order (i.e., search algorithms that partition the state space into closed (visited) states, open (to visit) states and unmet states)....

  11. APT: Action localization Proposals from dense Trajectories

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Gemert, J.C.; Jain, M.; Gati, E.; Snoek, C.G.M.; Xie, X.; Jones, M.W.; Tam, G.K.L.

    2015-01-01

    This paper is on action localization in video with the aid of spatio-temporal proposals. To alleviate the computational expensive video segmentation step of existing proposals, we propose bypassing the segmentations completely by generating proposals directly from the dense trajectories used to repr

  12. 78 FR 77621 - Forum To Discuss Proposed Changes To Implement the Hague Agreement Concerning International...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office 37 CFR Parts 1, 3, 5 and 11 Forum To Discuss Proposed Changes... States Patent and Trademark Office (``USPTO'' or ``Office'') is convening a forum to discuss... title I of the PLTIA and seeking written comments on the proposals. The forum is an additional way for...

  13. 76 FR 61479 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY...--State and Local Government Series, United States Treasury Notes--State and Local Government Series, and United States Treasury Bonds--State and Local Government Series. OMB Number: 1535-0091. Abstract:...

  14. 77 FR 69547 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY...--State and Local Government Series, Unites States Treasury Notes--State and Local Government Series, and United States Treasury Bonds--State and Local Government Series. OMB Number: 1535-0091. Abstract:...

  15. 7 CFR 3406.22 - When and where to submit a proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PROGRAM Submission of a Teaching or Research Proposal § 3406.22 When and where to submit a proposal. The... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When and where to submit a proposal. 3406.22 Section 3406.22 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE...

  16. 7 CFR 3405.13 - When and where to submit a proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When and where to submit a proposal. 3405.13 Section 3405.13 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH... Submission of a Proposal § 3405.13 When and where to submit a proposal. The program announcement will...

  17. Quantum chimera states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Viennot, David, E-mail: david.viennot@utinam.cnrs.fr; Aubourg, Lucile

    2016-02-15

    We study a theoretical model of closed quasi-hermitian chain of spins which exhibits quantum analogues of chimera states, i.e. long life classical states for which a part of an oscillator chain presents an ordered dynamics whereas another part presents a disordered dynamics. For the quantum analogue, the chimera behaviour deals with the entanglement between the spins of the chain. We discuss the entanglement properties, quantum chaos, quantum disorder and semi-classical similarity of our quantum chimera system. The quantum chimera concept is novel and induces new perspectives concerning the entanglement of multipartite systems. - Highlights: • We propose a spin chain model with long range couplings having purely quantum states similar to the classical chimera states. • The quantum chimera states are characterized by the coexistence of strongly entangled and non-entangled spins in the same chain. • The quantum chimera states present some characteristics of quantum chaos.

  18. Generating Squeezed States in Solid State Circuits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    REN Xin-An; WEN Yi-Huo; ZHANG Li-You; LONG Gui-Lu

    2008-01-01

    We propose a scheme for generating squeezed states in solid state circuits which consist a superconducting transmission line resonator (STLR), a superconducting Cooper-pair box (CPB) and a nanoelectromechanical resonator (NMR). The nonlinear interaction between the STLR and the CPB can be implemented by setting the external biased flux of the CPB at some certain points. The interaction Hamiltonian between the STLR and the NMR is derived by performing Fr 5hlich transformation on the total Hamiltonian of the combined system. Just by adiabatically keeping the CPB at the ground state, we get the standard parametric down-conversion Hamiltonian, and the squeezed states of the STLR can be easily generated, which is similar to the three-wave mixing in quantum optics.

  19. EBT-P proposed reference design report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boch, A.L.

    1980-01-01

    This report describes the proposed reference design for the EBT-P proof-of-principle test device. The device described is a result of broad studies by many participating organizations from industry and from Department of Energy-sponsored fusion research groups, some working together and some in competitive studies, but all with the goal of defining a device at minimum cost and with maximum probability of meeting its goals. This design work is based upon advances in experimental and theoretical understanding of EBT achieved at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The strategy adopted permits an initial test and validation of the key scaling properties of the ELMO Bumpy Torus concept, with a degree of built-in flexibility to extend the performance parameters toward the condition for containing a fusion reactor plasma. This will lead the way, then, to determination of a later power break-even demonstration and an eventual fusion reactor that can exploit the special high power-density and steady-state properties of the EBT concept.

  20. Proposed Pathophysiologic Framework to Explain Some ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    The paper proposes a pathophysiologic framework to explain the well-established epidemiological association between exposure to ambient air particle pollution and premature cardiovascular mortality, and offers insights into public health solutions that extend beyond regularory environmental protections to actions that can be taken by individuals, public health officials, healthcare professionals, city and regional planners, local and state governmental officials and all those who possess the capacity to improve cardiovascular health within the popula­tion.The foundation of the framework rests on the contribution of traditional cardiovascular risk factors acting alone and in concert with long-term exposures to air pollutants to create a conditional susceptibility for clinical vascular events, such as myocardial ischemia and infarction; stroke and lethal ventricular arrhythmias. The conceprual framework focuses on the fact that short-term exposures to ambient air particulate matter (PM) are associated with vascular thrombosis (acute coronary syndrome. stroke, deep venous thrombosis. and pulmonary embolism ) and electrical dysfunction (ventricular arrhythmia); and that individuals having prevalent heart disease are at greatest risk. Moreover, exposure is concomitant with changes in autonomic nervous system balance, systemic in­flammation, and prothrombotic/anti-thrombotic and profibrinolytic-antifibrinolytic balance.Thus, a comprehensive solution to the problem o

  1. Proposed standby gasoline rationing plan: public comments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-12-01

    Under the proposed plan, DOE would allocate ration rights (rights to purchase gasoline) to owners of registered vehicles. All vehicles in a given class would receive the same entitlement. Essential services would receive supplemental allotments of ration rights as pririty firms. Once every 3 months, ration checks would be mailed out to all vehicle registrants, allotting them a certain amount of ration rights. These checks would then be cashed at Coupon Issuance Points, where the bearer would receive ration coupons to be used at gasoline stations. Large users of gasoline could deposit their allotment checks in accounts at ration banks. Coupons or checks would be freely exchangeable in a white market. A certain percentage of the gasoline supply would be set aside in reserve for use in national emergencies. When the plan was published in the Federal Register, public comments were requested. DOE also solicited comments from private citizens, public interest groups, business and industry, state and local governments. A total of 1126 responses were reveived and these are analyzed in this paper. The second part of the report describes how the comments were classified, and gives a statistical breakdown of the major responses. The last section is a discussion and analysis of theissue raised by commenting agencies, firms, associations, and individuals. (MCW)

  2. Educacion Bilingue: Una Declaraccion del Plan y Accion que Proponen los Regentes de la Universidad del Estado de Nueva York. Bilingual Education: A Statement of Policy and Proposed Action by the Regents of the University of the State of New York. Position Paper No. 16.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    Large numbers of Puerto Rican and other non-English-speaking students live in school districts throughout New York State. To enable these students to function in an English-speaking society while retaining their own culture, a policy to promote bilingual program planning was established by the Board of Regents of New York State in 1972. In this…

  3. State Fairgrounds

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This shapefile is a point shapefile that displays the locations of the major state/regional agricultural fairs held throughout the United States. Some states (e.g.,...

  4. Formando juventudes: estado del arte de propuestas formativas con jóvenes en la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia Formando juventudes: estado da arte de propostas formativas com jovens na cidade de Medellín, Colômbia Training Young People: State of the Art IN Proposals for Training Youngsters in the City of Medellín, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Eliana Gallo-Restrepo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta los resultados arrojados de una investigación, realizada para analizar las propuestas deformación con jóvenes en el ámbito no formal de la educación, en el tema de empleo y trabajo. El objetivo se constituyó a través de la realización de un estado del arte para conocer las acciones de formación realizadas en el periodo del 2000 al 2006 en Medellín, Colombia. El enfoque metodológico utilizado fue el hermenéutico, aplicado al análisis de textos escritos. Las conclusiones principales giran en torno a que las propuestas de formación para jóvenes, ubicadas desde la concepción de capacitación para el empleo, se sitúan de manera exclusiva en las capacidades técnicas del sujeto, y muestran la formación para el empleo como una forma de control social.O artigo apresenta os resultados obtidos de uma pesquisa realizada para analisar as propostas de formação com jovens no âmbito formal da educação, no tema de emprego e trabalho. O objetivo se constituiu por meio da realização de um estado da arte para conhecer as ações de formação realizadas no período de 2000 a 2006 em Medellín, Colômbia. O enfoque metodológico utilizado foi o hermenêutico, aplicado à análise de textos escritos. As conclusões principais giram em torno a que as propostas de formação para jovens localizadas sob a concepção de capacitação para o emprego, situam-se de maneira exclusiva nas capacidades técnicas do sujeito; mostram a formação para o emprego como uma forma de controle social.The article presents the results of a study developed to analyze the vocational and job-training proposals offered to young people in a non-formal educational setting. The objective was established by examining the state-of-the-art to become familiar with the type of training activities conducted the city of Medellín (Colombia during the period from 2000 to 2006. As to method, a hermeneutical approach was applied to an analysis of written

  5. Propuesta de una metodología para el análisis de la información delictiva de alto impacto en el Estado de Morelos, México 2012-2013 (Proposal of a methodology for the analysis of criminal information with high impact on the State of Morelos, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alonso Vázquez Segovia

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Objetivo. Proponer y ensayar una metodología de análisis de la información de los delitos de alto impacto en el Estado de Morelos, México en el periodo 2012-2013. Metodología. La información básica proviene del Secretariado Ejecutivo del Sistema Nacional de Seguridad Pública de la Secretaría de Gobernación para los siguientes ocho delitos: secuestro, homicidio doloso, lesión dolosa con arma blanca, robo común a transeúntes sin violencia, robo común a transeúntes con violencias, robo común de vehículos sin violencia, robo común de vehículos con violencia y, extorsión. Se utilizaron las proyecciones de población del Consejo Nacional de Población y, el catálogo de municipios del Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. Resultados: Se calcularon las tasas de delitos por cada 100 mil habitantes. Se ha logrado hacer mejoras en el proceso de automatización, en particular en la codificación de las variables que permiten la integración con otras fuentes de información, así como en la generación de las tasas. La base de datos resultante fue utilizada para el mapeo, del cual se presenta un ejemplo. Conclusiones: Se pudieron detectar procesos que no habían sido planteados en los diversos esquemas desarrollados y se requiere una revisión de los tipos de mapas. Abstract Objective. Propose and test a methodology for analyzing the information from high-impact crimes in the State of Morelos, Mexico in the period 2012-2013. Methodology. The basic information comes from the Executive Secretariat of the National System of Public Security of the Ministry of the Interior for the next eight crimes: kidnapping, homicide, malicious wounding with a knife, common robbery without violence bystanders, common robbery passersby with violence, theft common vehicles without violence common vehicle theft with violence and extortion. Population projections of the National Population Council and the catalog of municipalities from the

  6. Analytic Support for Washington Citizens' Work Group on Health Care: Evaluation of Health Care Reform Proposals.

    OpenAIRE

    Deborah Chollet; Jeffrey Ballou; Alison Wellington; Thomas Bell; Allison Barrett; Gregory Peterson; Stephanie Peterson

    2009-01-01

    Mathematica evaluated five health care reform proposals for the state of Washington in 2008. The proposals featured, respectively: reduced regulation in the current market; Massachusetts-style insurance reforms with a health insurance connector; a health partnership program similar to the current state employee health plan; a state-operated single payer plan; and a program that would guarantee catastrophic coverage for all residents. This report provides estimates of the changes in coverage a...

  7. Viewpoint on proposed radiation-protection standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Auxier, J.A.

    1982-01-01

    The proposed revision of 10CFR20 is discussed from a personal perspective. A brief historical review of the development of radiation standards is presented, and arguments against the proposed de minimis level elaborated upon. (ACR)

  8. Preliminary project proposal : Missouri chutes, NE & IA

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This proposal is for the Missouri Chutes National Wildlife Refuge that would be in Nebraska and Iowa on the Missouri River. This preliminary project proposal focuses...

  9. 14 CFR 1274.210 - Unsolicited proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for the particular proposal: (1) Unique and innovative methods, approaches or concepts demonstrated by... proposal for a known agency requirement that can be acquired by competitive methods. (b) For...

  10. 48 CFR 215.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 215.404 Section 215.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT... Proposal analysis....

  11. 75 FR 14577 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service announces the extension of a proposed public... to the Disbursing Management Policy Division, Defense Finance and Accounting Service...

  12. 78 FR 20095 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service announces a proposed public information... to Defense Finance and Accounting Service--Cleveland, 1240 East Ninth Street, ATTN:...

  13. 75 FR 38088 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service proposes to extend a public information... associated collection instruments, please write to the Defense Finance and Accounting Service, Attn:...

  14. 77 FR 8821 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service announces a proposed public information..., please write to the Disbursing Management Policy Division, Defense Finance and Accounting Service...

  15. 77 FR 8824 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service announces a proposed public information..., please write to Military Pay, Standards and Compliance, Defense Finance and Accounting Service,...

  16. Return on investment (ROI) proposal preparation guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renner, J.C., Westinghouse Hanford

    1997-01-21

    The ROI Proposal Preparation Guide is a tool to assist Hanford waste generators in preparing ROI proposal forms for submittal to RL. The guide describes the requirements for submitting an ROI proposal and provides examples of completed ROI forms. The intent is to assist waste generators in identifying projects that meet the criteria, provide information necessary complete the ROI forms with all of the required information, and submit a proposal that is eligible to receive funding.

  17. How to write a research proposal?

    OpenAIRE

    K Sudheesh; Devika Rani Duggappa; Nethra, S S

    2016-01-01

    Writing the proposal of a research work in the present era is a challenging task due to the constantly evolving trends in the qualitative research design and the need to incorporate medical advances into the methodology. The proposal is a detailed plan or ′blueprint′ for the intended study, and once it is completed, the research project should flow smoothly. Even today, many of the proposals at post-graduate evaluation committees and application proposals for funding are substandard. A search...

  18. 75 FR 8927 - Procurement List; Proposed Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Addition AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed addition to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: The Committee is proposing to add to the Procurement List products to be provided by a...

  19. 78 FR 7412 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Additions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed Additions to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: The Committee is proposing to add products to the Procurement List that will be furnished by...

  20. 76 FR 9555 - Procurement List; Proposed Deletions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-18

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Deletions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed deletions from the Procurement...'Day Act (41 U.S.C. 46- 48c) in connection with the products proposed for deletion from the...

  1. 78 FR 5423 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Additions AGENCY: Committee... Procurement List. SUMMARY: The Committee is proposing to add products to the Procurement List that will be... have other severe disabilities. The following products are proposed for addition to the...

  2. 76 FR 7824 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... PEOPLE WHO AREBLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Additions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed additions to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: The Committee is proposing to add products to the Procurement List that will be furnished by...

  3. Comment on a few nomenclatural congress proposals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1959-01-01

    In the Synopsis of Proposals for the Botanical Congress at Montreal Dr Lanjouw has in his capacity of Rapporteur général given his well-considered opinion on each proposal, except for that on nomina specifica conservanda where he found fit to postpone his comment. There are three proposals on which

  4. Sustainable Energy. Alternative proposals to Mercosur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honty, G. [Centro de Estudios Uruguayo de Tecnologias CEUTA, Montevideo (Uruguay)

    2002-08-01

    After a brief assessment of the Mercosur energy sector (Mercosur is a regional trade agreement subscribed to by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) an overview is given of proposals for a sustainable energy integration in the Mercosur: general proposals by sector, specific proposals for the larger economies (Argentina and Brazil), and means of implementation.

  5. 75 FR 21247 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service announces the proposed extension of a public... obtain a copy of the proposal and associated collection instruments, please write to the Defense...

  6. 77 FR 45535 - Aldicarb; Proposed Tolerance Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ...; FRL-9355-8] RIN 2070-ZA16 Aldicarb; Proposed Tolerance Actions AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to revoke certain tolerances for the... specific tolerances and make minor revisions to the tolerance expression for aldicarb. DATES: Comments...

  7. The solid state maser

    CERN Document Server

    Orton, J W; Walling, J C; Ter Haar, D

    1970-01-01

    The Solid State Maser presents readings related to solid state maser amplifier from the first tentative theoretical proposals that appeared in the early 1950s to the successful realization of practical devices and their application to satellite communications and radio astronomy almost exactly 10 years later. The book discusses a historical account of the early developments (including that of the ammonia maser) of solid state maser; the properties of paramagnetic ions in crystals; the development of practical low noise amplifiers; and the characteristics of maser devices designed for communica

  8. Optimal sequential state discrimination between two mixed quantum states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namkung, Min; Kwon, Younghun

    2017-08-01

    Recently, sequential state discrimination, as a quantum-key distribution protocol, has been proposed for multiple receivers. A previous study [J. A. Bergou et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 100501 (2013), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.100501] showed that every receiver could successfully perform a sequential state discrimination of two pure states with identical prior probabilities. In this study, we extend the sequential state discrimination to mixed states with arbitrary prior probability. First, we analytically obtain the condition of the receiver's optimal measurement. In addition, we show that the optimal probability for every receiver to share the mixed state prepared by the sender is not zero. Furthermore, we compare the sequential state discrimination to the strategies of quantum reproducing and quantum broadcasting. We find that there are cases in which, unlike that of the pure state, the sequential state discrimination of mixed states shows a better performance than the other strategies.

  9. State Energy Resilience Framework

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phillips, J. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Finster, M. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Pillon, J. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Petit, F. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Trail, J. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

    2016-12-01

    The energy sector infrastructure’s high degree of interconnectedness with other critical infrastructure systems can lead to cascading and escalating failures that can strongly affect both economic and social activities.The operational goal is to maintain energy availability for customers and consumers. For this body of work, a State Energy Resilience Framework in five steps is proposed.

  10. 25 CFR 224.62 - May a final proposed TERA differ from the original proposed TERA?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May a final proposed TERA differ from the original proposed TERA? 224.62 Section 224.62 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY... § 224.62 May a final proposed TERA differ from the original proposed TERA? The final proposed TERA...

  11. [Clean uses of fossel fuels traineeship support proposal.] Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stencel, J.M.; Ochsenbein, M.

    1995-08-08

    The KY DOE/EPSCoR Subcommittee formulated a plan to improve the competitiveness of KY scientists and engineers in energy research. A state-wide assessment established the importance of support for graduate student education in carbon-based materials, catalysis, environmental impact and bioremediation. Four areas of focus in which research proposals were solicited from state universities were fossil energy, health and environmental research, high energy and nuclear physics, and materials. Four research clusters and six educational projects were identified for inclusion in the response to the solicitation.

  12. How to write a research proposal?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Sudheesh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Writing the proposal of a research work in the present era is a challenging task due to the constantly evolving trends in the qualitative research design and the need to incorporate medical advances into the methodology. The proposal is a detailed plan or ′blueprint′ for the intended study, and once it is completed, the research project should flow smoothly. Even today, many of the proposals at post-graduate evaluation committees and application proposals for funding are substandard. A search was conducted with keywords such as research proposal, writing proposal and qualitative using search engines, namely, PubMed and Google Scholar, and an attempt has been made to provide broad guidelines for writing a scientifically appropriate research proposal.

  13. How to write a research proposal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudheesh, K; Duggappa, Devika Rani; Nethra, SS

    2016-01-01

    Writing the proposal of a research work in the present era is a challenging task due to the constantly evolving trends in the qualitative research design and the need to incorporate medical advances into the methodology. The proposal is a detailed plan or ‘blueprint’ for the intended study, and once it is completed, the research project should flow smoothly. Even today, many of the proposals at post-graduate evaluation committees and application proposals for funding are substandard. A search was conducted with keywords such as research proposal, writing proposal and qualitative using search engines, namely, PubMed and Google Scholar, and an attempt has been made to provide broad guidelines for writing a scientifically appropriate research proposal. PMID:27729688

  14. Features in Quasi-particle Excitations and Tunnelling Spectra due to Coupling to Spin Fluctuations in High-Tc Cuprates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵力; 李建新; 龚昌德; 赵柏儒

    2002-01-01

    In a self-consistent mean-field treatment of the two-dimensional t - t' - J model, we theoretically examine thecoupling of in-plane quasi-particles to the antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations in high-Tc superconductors, whichrenormalizes the fermionic self-energy. We reproduce the characteristic peak,lip-hump structure observed notonly in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, but also in superconductor-insulator-normal metal junctionsand scanning tunnelling microscopy experiments. We consider the evolution of this structure with doping. Itis shown that this kind of coupling can account for many anomalous properties of high-Tc superconductors insuperconducting states.

  15. 77 FR 40090 - Proposed Collection of Information; Comment Request: Biological Sciences Proposal Classification...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    ... Proposed Collection of Information; Comment Request: Biological Sciences Proposal Classification Form... federal holidays). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title of Collection: ``Biological Sciences Proposal...: Five organizational units within the Directorate of Biological Sciences of the National...

  16. Expanding the welfare system: a proposal for reform

    OpenAIRE

    Orszag, Jonathan Michael; Snower, Dennis J.

    1998-01-01

    The proposal involves the establishment of ?welfare accounts? for every person in a country. There are to be four accounts: a retirement account (covering pensions), an unemployment account (covering unemployment support), a human capital account (covering education and training), and a health account (covering insurance against sickness and disability). Instead of the current welfare state systems - where welfare services are financed predominantly out of general taxes - people would make on...

  17. Two fuzziness indexes proposed by Kaufmann: observations about them

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Professor Arnold Kaufmann did propose at least two types of indexes for estimating fuzziness in finite standard fuzzy sets. First one has an analogue formulation to that stated by Claude Shannon for measuring uncertainty in a given system. Shannon formulation estimates one type of uncertainty classified as conflict. The present paper will reveal the inconvenience of such an index for measuring fuzziness phenomena. In addition, it is proved algebraic equivalence between another index posed by ...

  18. Recommendations on the proposed Monitored Retrievable Storage Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1985-10-01

    Following the Department of Energy`s announcement in April 1985 that three Tennessee sites were to be considered for the Monitored Retrievable Storage facility, Governor Lamar Alexander initiated a review of the proposal to be coordinated by his Safe Growth Team. Roane County and the City of Oak Ridge, the local governments sharing jurisdiction over DOE`s primary and secondary sites, were invited to participate in the state`s review of the MRS proposal. Many issues related to the proposed MRS are being considered by the Governor`s Safe Growth Team. The primary objective of the Clinch River MRS Task Force has been to determine whether the proposed Monitored Retrievable Storage facility should be accepted by the local governments, and if so, under what conditions. The Clinch River MRS Task Force is organized into an Executive Committee cochaired by the Roane County Executive and Mayor of Oak Ridge and three Study Groups focusing on environmental (including health and safety), socioeconomic, and transportation issues.

  19. Generation of Entangled State and Entanglement Swapping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE Liu; GUO Guangcan

    2002-01-01

    A scheme is proposed for the generation of entangled atomic states and a method is presented to produce entangled photon states. It is shown that entanglement can be swapped from atoms to cavities via atom-cavity interaction.

  20. Teleportations of Mixed States and Multipartite Quantum States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Chang-Shui; WANG Ya-Hong; SONG He-Shan

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a protocol to deterministically teleport an unknown mixed state of qubit by utilizing a maximally bipartite entangled state of qubits as quantum channel. Ifa non-maximally entangled bipartite pure state is employed as quantum channel, the unknown mixed quantum state of qubit can be teleported with 1 - √1 - C2 probability, where C is the concurrence of the quantum channel. The protocol can also be generalized to teleport a mixed state of qudit or a multipartite mixed state. More important purpose is that, on the basis of the protocol, the teleportation of an arbitrary multipartite (pure or mixed) quantum state can be decomposed into the teleportation of each subsystem by employing separate entangled states as quantum channels. In the case of deterministic teleportation,Bob only needs to perform unitary transformations on his single particles in order to recover the initial teleported multipartite quantum state.

  1. What Makes for Effective Detection Proposals?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosang, Jan; Benenson, Rodrigo; Dollár, Piotr; Schiele, Bernt

    2016-04-01

    Current top performing object detectors employ detection proposals to guide the search for objects, thereby avoiding exhaustive sliding window search across images. Despite the popularity and widespread use of detection proposals, it is unclear which trade-offs are made when using them during object detection. We provide an in-depth analysis of twelve proposal methods along with four baselines regarding proposal repeatability, ground truth annotation recall on PASCAL, ImageNet, and MS COCO, and their impact on DPM, R-CNN, and Fast R-CNN detection performance. Our analysis shows that for object detection improving proposal localisation accuracy is as important as improving recall. We introduce a novel metric, the average recall (AR), which rewards both high recall and good localisation and correlates surprisingly well with detection performance. Our findings show common strengths and weaknesses of existing methods, and provide insights and metrics for selecting and tuning proposal methods.

  2. A Proposed Multi Images Visible Watermarking Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruba G. Al-Zamil

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Visible watermarking techniques are proposed to secure digital data against unauthorized attacks. These techniques protect data from illegal access and use. In this work, a multi visible watermarking technique that allows embedding different types of markers into different types of background images has been proposed It also allows adding multiple markers on the same background image with different sizes, positions and opacity levels without any interference. The proposed technique improves the flexibility issues of visible watermarking and helps in increasing the security levels. A visible watermarking system is designed to implement the proposed technique. The system facilitates single and multiple watermarking as illustrated in the proposed technique. Experimental results indicate that the proposed technique applies visible watermarking successfully.

  3. Tripartite composite fermion states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sreejith, G. J.; Wu, Ying-Hai; Wójs, A.; Jain, J. K.

    2013-06-01

    The Read-Rezayi wave function is one of the candidates for the fractional quantum Hall effect at filling fraction ν=2+⅗, and thereby also its hole conjugate at 2+⅖. We study a general class of tripartite composite fermion wave functions, which reduce to the Rezayi-Read ground state and quasiholes for appropriate quantum numbers, but also allow a construction of wave functions for quasiparticles and neutral excitations by analogy to the standard composite fermion theory. We present numerical evidence in finite systems that these trial wave functions capture well the low energy physics of a four-body model interaction. We also compare the tripartite composite fermion wave functions with the exact Coulomb eigenstates at 2+⅗, and find reasonably good agreement. The ground state as well as several excited states of the four-body interaction are seen to evolve adiabatically into the corresponding Coulomb states for N=15 particles. These results support the plausibility of the Read-Rezayi proposal for the 2+⅖ and 2+⅗ fractional quantum Hall effect. However, certain other proposals also remain viable, and further study of excitations and edge states will be necessary for a decisive establishment of the physical mechanism of these fractional quantum Hall states.

  4. Industry Raps OSHA's Proposed Cancer Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1978

    1978-01-01

    Presents the response of the American Industrial Health Council (AIHC) to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) genetic proposal for regulating chemical carcinogens in industry. (HM)

  5. Before Dreams Disappear: Preventing Youth Violence. Hearing on Examining Certain Provisions Establishing Programs To Prevent Youth Violence as Contained in the Proposed Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act before the Subcommittee on Children, Feamily, Drugs and Alcoholism, of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources. United States Senate, One Hundred and Third Congress, Second Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

    This report presents verbatim, a hearing before the Subcommittee on Children, Family, Drugs and Alcoholism. The hearing featured a series of testimonies and stories on violence among young people in the United States. It opened with remarks by Subcommittee Chairman, Christopher Dodd. He was followed by numerous statements on the nature of violence…

  6. Complications - State

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Complications measures - state data. This data set includes state-level data for the hip/knee complication measure, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and...

  7. State Snapshots

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The State Snapshots provide graphical representations of State-specific health care quality information, including strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for...

  8. A Proposal of Predictive Reinforcement Learning Realizing Moving Obstacle Avoidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeda, Masato; Nagao, Tomoharu

    In recent years, researches on autonomous robots in real life have developed. Especially, moving obstacle avoidance is one of the most important tasks for robots. Reinforcement learning is a typical method of action acquisitions of autonomous mobile robots for obstacle avoidance. However, it has been indicated that reinforcement learning has various problems in unknown environment. In order to solve these problems, we propose predictive reinforcement learning for moving obstacle avoidance. In predictive reinforcement learning, our rules are not defined as a pair of actions and states like conventional reinforcement learning. The rules are defined as the transition of the states by robot action between steps. We think that proposed rules enable robots to adapt to unknown environment because these rules are independent from any environment where moving obstacles exist. The robots implemented these rules predict the next state. After this prediction, the robots reinforce its rules by comparing observed states with predicted ones and foresee collisions on obstacles. Then the robots select safer actions. In this paper, we verify the efficiency of our method in several simulations. First, the robot is trained in learning environment where moving obstacles exist. After that, we experiment to verify the ability of adaptation to unknown environments. As a result, the robot acquires moving obstacle avoidance actions.

  9. 78 FR 44160 - Proposed Collection, Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-23

    ... State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The States send micro- level employment and wages data, supplemented... Addresses section.) SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background The Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program is a Federal/State cooperative effort which compiles monthly employment data,...

  10. 76 FR 35915 - Proposed Information Collection Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-20

    ... Resource Coordinator (DRC) at each DEI site; (3) maintain One-Stop Career Center accessibility; (4) have.... Each DEI State Lead, DRC and WIB Director will be interviewed in each state and two One-Stop and.... Estimated Annual Hours of Burden Due to Site Visits DEI state lead DRC One-stop staff Partners &...

  11. Decoy State Quantum Key Distribution with Odd Coherent State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Shi-Hai; GAO Ming; DAI Hong-Yi; CHEN Ping-Xing; LI Cheng-Zu

    2008-01-01

    We propose a decoy state quantum key distribution scheme with odd coherent state which follows sub-Poissonian distributed photon count and has low probability of the multi-photon event and vacuum event in each pulse. The numerical calculations show that our scheme can improve efficiently the key generation rate and secure communication distance. Furthermore, only one decoy state is necessary to approach to the perfect asymptotic limit with infinite decoy states in our scheme, but at least two decoy states are needed in other scheme.

  12. PACMan to Help Sort Hubble Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2017-04-01

    Every year, astronomers submit over a thousand proposals requesting time on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Currently, humans must sort through each of these proposals by hand before sending them off for review. Could this burden be shifted to computers?A Problem of VolumeAstronomer Molly Peeples gathered stats on the HST submissions sent in last week for the upcoming HST Cycle 25 (the deadline was Friday night), relative to previous years. This years proposal round broke the record, with over 1200 proposals submitted in total for Cycle 25. [Molly Peeples]Each proposal cycle for HST time attracts on the order of 1100 proposals accounting for far more HST time than is available. The proposals are therefore carefully reviewed by around 150 international members of the astronomy community during a six-month process to select those with the highest scientific merit.Ideally, each proposal will be read by reviewers that have scientific expertise relevant to the proposal topic: if a proposal requests HST time to study star formation, for instance, then the reviewers assigned to it should have research expertise in star formation.How does this matching of proposals to reviewers occur? The current method relies on self-reported categorization of the submitted proposals. This is unreliable, however; proposals are often mis-categorized by submitters due to misunderstanding or ambiguous cases.As a result, the Science Policies Group at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) which oversees the review of HST proposals must go through each of the proposals by hand and re-categorize them. The proposals are then matched to reviewers with self-declared expertise in the same category.With the number of HST proposals on the rise and the expectation that the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will elicit even more proposals for time than Hubble scientists at STScI and NASA are now asking: could the human hours necessary for this task be spared? Could a computer program

  13. Process-based project proposal risk management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alok Kumar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available We all are aware of the organizational omnipresence. Projects within the organizations are ubiquitous too. Projects achieve their goals successfully if they are planned, scheduled, controlled and implemented well. The project lifecycle of initiating, planning, scheduling, controlling and implementing are very well-planned by project managers and the organizations. Successful projects have well-developed risk management plans to deal with situations impacting projects. Like any other organisation, a university does try to access funds for different purposes too. For such organisations, running a project is not the issue, rather getting a project proposal approved to fund a project is the key. Project proposal processing is done by the nodal office in every organisation. Usually, these nodal offices help in administration and submission of a project proposal for accessing funds. Seldom are these nodal project offices within the organizations facilitate a project proposal approval by proactively reaching out to the project managers. And as project managers prepare project proposals, little or no attention is made to prepare a project proposal risk plan so as to maximise project acquisition. Risk plans are submitted while preparing proposals but these risk plans cater to a requirement to address actual projects upon approval. Hence, a risk management plan for project proposal is either missing or very little effort is made to treat the risks inherent in project acquisition. This paper is an integral attempt to highlight the importance of risk treatment for project proposal stage as an extremely important step to preparing the risk management plan made for projects corresponding to their lifecycle phases. Several tools and techniques have been proposed in the paper to help and guide either the project owner (proposer or the main organisational unit responsible for project management. Development of tools and techniques to further enhance project

  14. 75 FR 78212 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Center for Economic Studies Research Proposal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-15

    ... Proposal Process Persons wishing to conduct research at a Research Data Center must submit a research proposal using the CES Web site ( http://www.ces.census.gov ). Detailed guidelines describe the research proposal submission process. There are two distinct steps to submit a research proposal. The first step...

  15. 78 FR 9071 - Comment Request: National Science Foundation Proposal/Award Information-Grant Proposal Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    ... Comment Request: National Science Foundation Proposal/Award Information--Grant Proposal Guide AGENCY... INFORMATION: Title of Collection: ``National Sciences Foundation Proposal/Award Information--Grant Proposal... all the various fields of science and engineering; Programs that provide a source of information...

  16. 75 FR 9000 - Comment Request: National Science Foundation Proposal/Award Information-Grant Proposal Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ... Comment Request: National Science Foundation Proposal/Award Information--Grant Proposal Guide AGENCY... INFORMATION: Title of Collection: ``National Sciences Foundation Proposal/Award Information-Grant Proposal... all the various fields of science and engineering; Programs that provide a source of information...

  17. Corporate Social Responsibility and Shareholder Proposals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eding, Erwin; Scholtens, Bert

    2017-01-01

    We study how corporate social responsibility relates to investors, firms and shareholder proposals. We examine shareholder proposals on environmental, social, and governance issues at the annual general meeting of shareholders with US Fortune 250 firms during 2011-2014. We find that especially the

  18. 75 FR 22577 - Proposed Privacy Policy Statement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... request for public comment on Proposed Privacy Policy Statement. SUMMARY: The U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC) seeks public comment on the Proposed Privacy Policy Statement. OMB Memorandum M-99- 18.... These statements are intended to inform the public of government- wide policies and how each...

  19. Advanced Stellar Compass - ROCSAT 2 - Proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riis, Troels; Betto, Maurizio; Jørgensen, John Leif;

    1998-01-01

    This proposal is the DTU response to the Dornier DSS (DSS) request for proposal (r.f.p.) for the ROCSAT-2 star tracker.ROCSAT-2 is jointly developed by DSS with the taiwanese Space Agency (NSPO) and consists mainly of an optical camera as well as a customer furnished scientific instrument. ROCSAT...

  20. 78 FR 52956 - Proposed Flood Hazard Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-27

    ... 77662. City of Pinehurst Pinehurst City Hall, 2497 Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, Orange, TX 77630. City... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Proposed Flood Hazard Determinations AGENCY: Federal Emergency... Register (78 FR 36220-36222) a proposed flood hazard determination notice that contained an erroneous...

  1. International veterinary epilepsy task force consensus proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Risio, Luisa; Bhatti, Sofie; Muñana, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This article outlines the consensus proposal on diagnosis of epilepsy in dogs by the International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force. The aim of this consensus proposal is to improve consistency in the diagnosis of epilepsy in the clinical and research settings. The diagnostic approach to the patient...

  2. Research Proposal for Distributed Deep Web Search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tjin-Kam-Jet, Kien

    2010-01-01

    This proposal identifies two main problems related to deep web search, and proposes a step by step solution for each of them. The first problem is about searching deep web content by means of a simple free-text interface (with just one input field, instead of a complex interface with many input

  3. 75 FR 55612 - Proposed Collection, Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-13

    ... ``Telephone Point of Purchase Survey.'' A copy of the proposed information collection request (ICR) can be.../or included in the request for Office of Management and Budget approval of the information collection... of Labor Statistics Proposed Collection, Comment Request ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of...

  4. 78 FR 50449 - Proposed Collection, Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... ``Telephone Point of Purchase Survey.'' A copy of the proposed information collection request (ICR) can be... request for Office of Management and Budget approval of the information collection request; they also will... of Labor Statistics Proposed Collection, Comment Request ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of...

  5. Editing Technical Proposals (The Friendly Editor).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bush, Don

    1994-01-01

    Makes suggestions for editing technical proposals. Discusses the marketeers, the hierarchy of hype, how to save days, managing story boards, expediting a laborious process, teaching engineers to write, writing incrementally, the art group, and the editing task. Argues that the best proposals come from starting to write early. (SR)

  6. 77 FR 282 - Proposed Settlement Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-04

    ... above. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michael Horowitz, Air and Radiation Law Office (2344A), Office... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Additional Information About the Proposed Settlement Agreement This proposed... electrical blackout, such as unusually low frequency, equipment overload, capacity or energy deficiency, or...

  7. Corporate Social Responsibility and Shareholder Proposals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eding, Erwin; Scholtens, Bert

    2017-01-01

    We study how corporate social responsibility relates to investors, firms and shareholder proposals. We examine shareholder proposals on environmental, social, and governance issues at the annual general meeting of shareholders with US Fortune 250 firms during 2011-2014. We find that especially the p

  8. 78 FR 76109 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-16

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency... of 1995, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency announces a proposed public information..., including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate...

  9. International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force consensus proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhatti, Sofie F M; De Risio, Luisa; Muñana, Karen;

    2015-01-01

    with the initial drug is unsatisfactory, and 4) when treatment changes should be considered. In this consensus proposal, an overview is given on the aim of AED treatment, when to start long-term treatment in canine epilepsy and which veterinary AEDs are currently in use for dogs. The consensus proposal for drug...

  10. 77 FR 72332 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-05

    ... Logistics Agency), ATTN: Wide Area Workflow (WAWF) Program Management Office (PMO), 8725 John J. Kingman... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION... Defense Logistics Agency announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public comment...

  11. 78 FR 43180 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service...://www.regulations.gov . Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Mail: Federal Docket Management... of the proposal and associated collection instruments, please write to the Defense Finance and...

  12. 78 FR 43182 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service...://www.regulations.gov . Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Mail: Federal Docket Management... of the proposal and associated collection instruments, please write to the Defense Finance and...

  13. Research Proposal for Distributed Deep Web Search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tjin-Kam-Jet, Kien-Tsoi T.E.

    2010-01-01

    This proposal identifies two main problems related to deep web search, and proposes a step by step solution for each of them. The first problem is about searching deep web content by means of a simple free-text interface (with just one input field, instead of a complex interface with many input fiel

  14. Research Proposal for Distributed Deep Web Search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tjin-Kam-Jet, Kien

    2010-01-01

    This proposal identifies two main problems related to deep web search, and proposes a step by step solution for each of them. The first problem is about searching deep web content by means of a simple free-text interface (with just one input field, instead of a complex interface with many input fiel

  15. 48 CFR 2815.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Proposal analysis. 2815.404 Section 2815.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Contracting Methods and Contract Types CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 2815.404 Proposal analysis....

  16. 48 CFR 815.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 815.404 Section 815.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 815.404 Proposal analysis....

  17. 48 CFR 1215.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 1215.404 Section 1215.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 1215.404 Proposal analysis....

  18. 48 CFR 15.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 15.404 Section 15.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 15.404 Proposal analysis....

  19. 48 CFR 915.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 915.404 Section 915.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 915.404 Proposal analysis....

  20. 48 CFR 315.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 315.404 Section 315.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 315.404 Proposal analysis....

  1. 48 CFR 1415.404 - Proposal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Proposal analysis. 1415.404 Section 1415.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 1415.404 Proposal analysis....

  2. 77 FR 63296 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... Act of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service announces the proposed public information... to Defense Finance and Accounting Service--Cleveland, 1240 East Ninth St., ATTN: JBJDA--Mr....

  3. 78 FR 43864 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service announces a proposed public information... Defense Finance and Accounting Services-Indianapolis, DFAS-ZPR, 8899 E. 56th St., Indianapolis, IN...

  4. 78 FR 41035 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) announces a proposed public information... Defense Finance and Accounting Services--Indianapolis, DFAS-ZPR. ATTN: La Zaleus D. Leach, 8899 E. 56th...

  5. 77 FR 63298 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service announces the proposed public information... to Defense Finance and Accounting Service--Cleveland, 1240 East Ninth St., ATTN: JBJDA--Mr....

  6. 78 FR 31521 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ...] Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service, DoD. ACTION: Notice... Finance and Accounting Service announces a proposed public information collection and seeks public comment... associated collection instruments, please write to Defense Finance and Accounting Service ATTN:...

  7. 77 FR 6091 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ... of the Secretary Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Defense Finance and Accounting Service... of 1995, the Defense Finance and Accounting Service announces a proposed public information... Operations, Defense Finance and Accounting Service--Cleveland, P.O. Box 998002, Cleveland, OH 44199-8002;...

  8. 75 FR 60739 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... NPA: CW Resources, Inc., New Britain, CT. Contracting Activity: Dept. of the Army, XRA W7NN USPFO... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Additions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed additions to the procurement...

  9. 7 CFR 3403.10 - Proposal review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... evaluated by scientists to determine the most promising technical and scientific approaches. Each proposal... in the “Method of Selection and Evaluation Criteria” section of the program solicitation. (d... are acquainted with any experiments referred to within a proposal, with key individuals, or with...

  10. How to write reports and proposals

    CERN Document Server

    Forsyth, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    How to Write Reports and Proposals is essential reading for achieving effective writing techniques. Getting a message across on paper and presenting a proposal in a clear and persuasive form are vital skills for anyone in business. How to Write Reports and Proposals provides practical advice on how to impress, convince and persuade your colleagues or clients. It will help you: improve your writing skills; think constructively before writing; create a good report; produce persuasive proposals; use clear and distinctive language; present numbers, graphs and charts effectively. Full of checklists, exercises and real life examples, this new edition also contains content on how to write succinctly and with impact across different mediums. How to Write Reports and Proposals will help you to put over a good case with style.

  11. Maximally entangled state can be a mixed state

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Zong-Guo; Fei, Shao-Ming; Fan, Heng; Liu, W M

    2009-01-01

    We present mixed maximally entangled states in d\\otimes d' (d'\\geq 2d) spaces. This result is beyond the generally accepted fact that all maximally entangled states are pure. These states possess important properties of the pure maximally entangled states in $d\\otimes d$ systems, for example, they can be used as a resource for faithful teleportation, their local distinguishability property is also the same as the pure states case. On the other hand, one advantage of these mixed maximally entangled states is that the decoherence induced by certain noisy quantum channel does not destroy their entanglement. Thus one party of these mixed states can be sent through this channel to arbitrary distance while still keeping them as a valuable resource for quantum information processing. We also propose a scheme to prepare these states and confirm their advantage in NMR physical system.

  12. Two-state filtering for joint state-parameter estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Santitissadeekorn, Naratip

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an approach for simultaneous estimation of the state and unknown parameters in a sequential data assimilation framework. The state augmentation technique, in which the state vector is augmented by the model parameters, has been investigated in many previous studies and some success with this technique has been reported in the case where model parameters are additive. However, many geophysical or climate models contains non-additive parameters such as those arising from physical parametrization of sub-grid scale processes, in which case the state augmentation technique may become ineffective since its inference about parameters from partially observed states based on the cross covariance between states and parameters is inadequate if states and parameters are not linearly correlated. In this paper, we propose a two-stages filtering technique that runs particle filtering (PF) to estimate parameters while updating the state estimate using Ensemble Kalman filter (ENKF; these two "sub-filters" ...

  13. 76 FR 18615 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Performance Measurement, Evaluation and Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-04

    ... Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Performance Measurement, Evaluation and Public Diplomacy... Reduction Act of 1995. Title of Information Collection: Performance Measurement, Evaluation and Public... of information. SUMMARY: The Department of State has submitted the following information...

  14. 75 FR 38587 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Order Approving Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... intensified intermarket competition for order flow. \\20\\ The Commission has previously stated that the options... analysis of the proposal does not provide such a basis. Further, the Commission did not receive any...

  15. 75 FR 49946 - National Drug Intelligence Center: Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Extension...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-16

    ... National Drug Intelligence Center: Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Extension With Change... Response System. The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC... Intelligence Center, Fifth Floor, 319 Washington Street, Johnstown, PA 15901. Written comments and...

  16. Final Environmental Assessment for the 2011 Proposed Hunting Plan : Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The United States Fish and Wildlife Service proposes to provide compatible hunting opportunities for migratory game bird, upland game, and big game species on units...

  17. 76 FR 59109 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Supplemental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-23

    ... (FNS) published a proposed rule on December 8, 2006 at 71 FR 71075, which would revise the SNAP... in a Federal, State, or local penal, correctional, or other detention facility for more than 30...

  18. Environmental Assessment Proposal to Protect Wildlife Habitat at Lake Umbagog 1991

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this United States Fish & Wildlife Service proposal is to ensure the long-term protection of unique wetland habitats adjacent to Lake Umbagog, on...

  19. Environmental Assessment for Proposed Hunting Plan for Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The United States Fish and Wildlife Service proposes to provide additional hunting opportunities on Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge in Zimmerman, Minnesota that...

  20. 76 FR 81471 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Special...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request--Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Forms: FNS-698, FNS... State agencies administering the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and...

  1. 78 FR 77095 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Form FNS-648, WIC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... collection, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Local Agency... Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) by awarding cash grants to State agencies... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection;...

  2. 76 FR 51970 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Underground...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-19

    ... AGENCY Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Underground... Drinking Water/Drinking Water Protection Division/Underground Injection Control Program, Mailcode: 4606M... owners and operators of underground injection wells, State Underground Injection Control (UIC) primacy...

  3. 25 CFR 291.4 - What must a proposal requesting Class III gaming procedures contain?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... scheme for the State's oversight role, if any, in monitoring and enforcing compliance; and (j) Proposed... Certified Public Accountants Standards for Audits of Casinos, including maintenance of books and records...

  4. 76 FR 39401 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Agreement; Textron Inc., Whittaker...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement Agreement; Textron Inc., Whittaker... Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts with Textron Inc., Whittaker Corporation, United States Army,...

  5. 76 FR 13342 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-National School...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... ``Feasibility of Computer Matching in the National School Lunch Program.'' This study will collect information... together, the information collected will help FNS, State CN directors, and LEAs recognize promising trends... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection;...

  6. 76 FR 16376 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Nutrition...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request--Nutrition Assistance in Farmers' Markets: Understanding Current Operations AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY:...

  7. Coherent states measurement entropy

    CERN Document Server

    Kwapien, J; Zyczkowski, K; Kwapien, Jaroslaw; Slomczynski, Wojciech; Zyczkowski, Karol

    1996-01-01

    Coherent states (CS) quantum entropy can be split into two components. The dynamical entropy is linked with the dynamical properties of a quantum system. The measurement entropy, which tends to zero in the semiclassical limit, describes the unpredictability induced by the process of a quantum approximate measurement. We study the CS--measurement entropy for spin coherent states defined on the sphere discussing different methods dealing with the time limit n \\to \\infty. In particular we propose an effective technique of computing the entropy by iterated function systems. The dependence of CS--measurement entropy on the character of the partition of the phase space is analysed.

  8. Discrete density of states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Alhun; Sisman, Altug

    2016-03-01

    By considering the quantum-mechanically minimum allowable energy interval, we exactly count number of states (NOS) and introduce discrete density of states (DOS) concept for a particle in a box for various dimensions. Expressions for bounded and unbounded continua are analytically recovered from discrete ones. Even though substantial fluctuations prevail in discrete DOS, they're almost completely flattened out after summation or integration operation. It's seen that relative errors of analytical expressions of bounded/unbounded continua rapidly decrease for high NOS values (weak confinement or high energy conditions), while the proposed analytical expressions based on Weyl's conjecture always preserve their lower error characteristic.

  9. Proposal of a "Checklist" for endodontic treatment

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: On the basis of the “Surgical Checklist” proposed by the WHO, we propose a new Checklist model adapted to the procedures of endodontic treatment. Study Design: The proposed document contains 21 items which are broken down into two groups: those which must be verified before beginning the treatment, and those which must be verified after completing it, but before the patient leaves the dentist’s office. Results: The Checklist is an easy-to-use tool that requires little time but pro...

  10. Developing an effective quantitative research proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merrill, Katreena Collette

    2011-01-01

    In 2010, the Infusion Nurses Society began work to identify research priorities for infusion nursing. Nurses need to understand the research process and become proficient in collaboration to promote research in their specialty. One of the most important components of conducting research is the written research proposal. A poorly written proposal may result in denial of funding, rejected publications, and prolonged discussion and revision at the institutional or ethics review board. This article provides an overview of the elements needed in a research proposal, identifies institutional review board requirements, and highlights important criteria for recruitment and consent of subjects.

  11. Proposal of an Axial Gap Magnetic Gear

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirata, Katsuhiro; Yamamoto, Masafumi; Muramatsu, Masari

    Magnetic gears have some benefits such as low noise, low vibration, and they are maintenance free as opposed to mechanical gears. In the view of these advantages, some high-performance magnetic gears have been proposed; however, these gears have a complex structure because they require several magnets. In this paper, we propose a new magnetic gear with a high reduction ratio comprising only two magnets. From the result of 3D-FE analysis, it was found that our model generated large transmitted torque and less cogging torque despite its thin compact size. This result shows the possibility of the application of the proposed gear in various industries.

  12. Financial Regulatory Reform: Consumer Financial Protection Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    decisions subject to judicial review.40 Any generally applicable state consumer law would apply to national banks and thrifts unless it discriminates...provided by existing powers that the bill would transfer from another regulator to the CFPA or an enumerated consumer law , such as the Truth in Lending Act...against them (presumably to the benefit of state-chartered financial institutions) or conflicts with the Act.41 Additionally, any state consumer

  13. Excited states

    CERN Document Server

    Lim, Edward C

    1974-01-01

    Excited States, Volume I reviews radiationless transitions, phosphorescence microwave double resonance through optical spectra in molecular solids, dipole moments in excited states, luminescence of polar molecules, and the problem of interstate interaction in aromatic carbonyl compounds. The book discusses the molecular electronic radiationless transitions; the double resonance techniques and the relaxation mechanisms involving the lowest triplet state of aromatic compounds; as well as the optical spectra and relaxation in molecular solids. The text also describes dipole moments and polarizab

  14. Environmental assessment of proposed geothermal well testing in the Tigre Lagoon Oil Field, Vermilion Parish, Louisiana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-03-01

    An environmental assessment is made of the proposed testing of two geopressured, geothermal aquifers in central coastal Louisiana. On the basis of an analysis of the environmental setting, subsurface characteristics, and the proposed action, potential environmental impacts are determined and evaluated together with potential conflicts with federal, state, and local programs. (LBS )

  15. 75 FR 8044 - Summer Undergraduate Research Program Extension of Due Date for Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... States, NIST is extending the deadline for proposal submission for its Summer Undergraduate Research...) announced that they were soliciting proposals for financial assistance (74 FR 66219). The due date for... National Institute of Standards and Technology Summer Undergraduate Research Program Extension of Due...

  16. 78 FR 31999 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Iran Democracy Program Grants Vetting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Iran Democracy Program Grants Vetting ACTION: Notice of request for public comment and submission to OMB of proposed collection of information. SUMMARY:...

  17. To Gain the Academic Capital: The Conflict and Solution in the Dissertation Proposal Defence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ningning, Zhao

    2006-01-01

    Doctor candidates get the academic identity and academic capital in his field by the thesis writing. The dissertation proposal defence hold on the public field promotes the state of academic and legalizes the discipline of the academic community. During the dissertation proposal defence, doctor candidates may face three conflicts. The first is…

  18. 75 FR 33617 - Notice of Proposed Settlement Agreement and Opportunity for Public Comment: West Huntington Spill...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-14

    ... AGENCY Notice of Proposed Settlement Agreement and Opportunity for Public Comment: West Huntington Spill... United States Department of Justice on behalf of EPA, in connection with the West Huntington Spill Site, Huntington, West Virginia (``Site''). DATES: Written comments on the proposed settlement agreement must...

  19. 76 FR 76414 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... this notice. Proposed Project The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999- 2010... population of the United States. Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (DHANES) proposes to re... could provide insight into issues related to maternal and child health. No other survey has the...

  20. 78 FR 78321 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Threatened Status for the Western...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-26

    ...; Proposed Threatened Status for the Western Distinct Population Segment of the Yellow-Billed Cuckoo... proposal to list the yellow-billed cuckoo in the western portion of the United States, Canada, and Mexico (western yellow-billed cuckoo) as a threatened distinct population segment (DPS) under the...