WorldWideScience

Sample records for super mario bros

  1. Interactive Super Mario Bros Evolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Patrikk D.; Olsen, Jeppeh M.; Risi, Sebastian

    2016-01-01

    to encourage the evolution of desired behaviors. In this paper, we show how casual users can create controllers for \\emph{Super Mario Bros} through an interactive evolutionary computation (IEC) approach, without prior domain or programming knowledge. By iteratively selecting Super Mario behaviors from a set...... of candidates, users are able to guide evolution towards a variety of different behaviors, which would be difficult with an automated approach. Additionally, the user-evolved controllers perform similarly well as controllers evolved with a traditional fitness-based approach when comparing distance traveled...

  2. Evolving Personalized Content for Super Mario Bros Using Grammatical Evolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Noor; Yannakakis, Georgios N.; Togelius, Julian

    2012-01-01

    of the gameplay experience by adjusting the content to increase or decrease perceived challenge. In this paper, we introduce a method for automatic level generation for the platform game Super Mario Bros using grammatical evolution. The grammatical evolution-based level generator is used to generate player...

  3. Motivating Calculus-Based Kinematics Instruction with Super Mario Bros

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordine, Jeffrey C.

    2011-09-01

    High-quality physics instruction is contextualized, motivates students to learn, and represents the discipline as a way of investigating the world rather than as a collection of facts and equations. Inquiry-oriented pedagogy, such as problem-based instruction, holds great promise for both teaching physics content and representing the process of doing real science.2 A challenge for physics teachers is to find instructional contexts that are meaningful, accessible, and motivating for students. Today's students are spending a growing fraction of their lives interacting with virtual environments, and these environments—physically realistic or not—can provide valuable contexts for physics explorations3-5 and lead to thoughtful discussions about decisions that programmers make when designing virtual environments. In this article, I describe a problem-based approach to calculus-based kinematics instruction that contextualizes students' learning within the Super Mario Bros. video game—a game that is more than 20 years old, but still remarkably popular with today's high school and college students.

  4. Imitating human playing styles in Super Mario Bros

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortega, Juan; Shaker, Noor; Togelius, Julian

    2012-01-01

    in terms of the instrumental similarity measure and in phenomenological evaluation by human spectators. A version of the classic platform game “Super Mario Bros” is used as the testbed game in this study but the methods are applicable to other games that are based on character movement in space....

  5. Analisis Tampilan Visual Game Super Mario Bros Dalam Kajian Persepsi Visual Sebagai Dasar Pengembangan Konsep Visual Game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khamadi Khamadi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Pada perancangan sebuah game selain memiliki konsep yang berupa gameplay yang kuat dan menarik, harus memperhatikan aspek visual yang diwujudkan dalam desain interface game sebagai media interaksi dengan user. Aspek visual begitu penting untuk menarik minat dari user dan juga untuk memperlihatkan pesan pertama kali kepada user. Dengan visual yang baik, user akan menangkap pesan game dengan mudah dan akan memahami gameplay permainan lebih cepat. Visual yang baik tidak harus dengan gambar yang rumit tetapi bisa dengan gambar yang sederhana yang disusun dengan komposisi yang baik dan desain tata letak yang mudah dipahami oleh user. Dengan menganalisis game Super Mario Bros yang telah terbukti disukai banyak orang meskipun tampilan visual dan gameplaynya sederhana. Maka penelitian ini berusaha mengkaji visual game Super Mario Bros versi 2 Dimensi (2D dan 3 Dimensi (3D berdasarkan teori persepsi visual untuk mendapatkan rumusan visual game yang disukai oleh user (pemain game. Kemudian dengan metode komparasi dari kajian tersebut dibuat analisis perancangan tampilan visual game yang baik meliputi aspek gambar/objek, view, komposisi, dan desain tata letak/layout yang berguna sebagai dasar pengembangan visual game selanjutnya. Kata Kunci: Game, Persepsi, Super Mario Bros, Visual

  6. Play the game in the opening scene A multidisciplinary lens for understanding (videoludic movies, including Super Mario Bros., Resident Evil and Scott Pilgrim vs. the World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Gandolfi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to create a multidisciplinary tool concerning the passage from the medium of videogames to cinema. According to concepts taken from Media Studies, Cultural Studies, Semiotics and Game Studies, we will explore the multiple dimensions and the related connections that occur in the film linearization of digital interaction: production issues, narrative and aesthetic elements, heuristics and mechanics in-game and on the big screen, and so on. The framework will be tested through three paradigmatic case studies: Super Mario, Resident Evil, and Scott Pilgrim vs. the World. The overall intent is to give scholars, and also practitioners, a holistic perspective on this peculiar type of crossmedia process, pointing out virtuous productive strategies as ruinous ones.

  7. Evolving Levels for Super Mario Bros Using Grammatical Evolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Noor; Nicolau, Miguel; Yannakakis, Georgios N.;

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the use of design grammars to evolve playable 2D platform levels through grammatical evolution (GE). Representing levels using design grammars allows simple encoding of important level design constraints, and allows remarkably compact descriptions of large spaces of levels...... for comparing content generated by different generators. The approach presented can be used as an assistive tool by game designers to compare and analyze generators’ capabilities within the same game genre....

  8. Evolving Personalized Content for Super Mario Bros Using Grammatical Evolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Noor; Yannakakis, Georgios N.; Togelius, Julian

    2012-01-01

    -adapted content by employing an adaptation mechanism as a fitness function in grammatical evolution to optimize the player experience of three emotional states: engagement, frustration and challenge. The fitness functions used are models of player experience constructed in our previous work from crowd...

  9. A Comparative Evaluation of Procedural Level Generators in the Mario AI Framework

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horn, Britton; Dahlskog, Steve; Shaker, Noor

    dierent from another in terms of its output. To remedy this, we have conducted a large-scale comparative evaluation of level generators for the Mario AI Benchmark, a research-friendly clone of the classic platform game Super Mario Bros. In all, we compare the output of seven dierent level generators from...

  10. A Comparative Evaluation of Procedural Level Generators in the Mario AI Framework

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horn, Britton; Dahlskog, Steve; Shaker, Noor

    Evaluation is an open problem in procedural content generation research. The eld is now in a state where there is a glut of content generators, each serving dierent purposes and using a variety of techniques. It is dicult to understand, quantitatively or qualitatively, what makes one generator...... dierent from another in terms of its output. To remedy this, we have conducted a large-scale comparative evaluation of level generators for the Mario AI Benchmark, a research-friendly clone of the classic platform game Super Mario Bros. In all, we compare the output of seven dierent level generators from...... generators. The results presented in this paper, and the accompanying source code, is meant to become a benchmark against which to test new level generators and expressivity metrics....

  11. Play the game in the opening scene A multidisciplinary lens for understanding (video)ludic movies, including Super Mario Bros., Resident Evil and Scott Pilgrim vs. the World

    OpenAIRE

    Enrico Gandolfi; Roberto Semprebene

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to create a multidisciplinary tool concerning the passage from the medium of videogames to cinema. According to concepts taken from Media Studies, Cultural Studies, Semiotics and Game Studies, we will explore the multiple dimensions and the related connections that occur in the film linearization of digital interaction: production issues, narrative and aesthetic elements, heuristics and mechanics in-game and on the big screen, and so on. The framework will be tested...

  12. Super Mario's prison break —A proposal of object-intelligent-feedback-based classical Zeno and anti-Zeno effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Shi-Jian

    2009-10-01

    Super Mario is imprisoned by a demon in a finite potential well on his way to save Princess Peach. He can escape from the well with the help of a flight of magic stairs floating in the space. However, the hateful demon may occasionally check his status. At that time, he has to make a judgement of either jumping to the inside ground immediately in order to avoid the discovery of his escape intention, or speeding up his escape process. Therefore, if the demon checks him too frequently such that there is no probability for him to reach the top of the barrier, he will be always inside the well, then a classical Zeno effect occurs. On the other hand, if the time interval between two subsequent checks is large enough such that he has a higher probability of being beyond the demon's controllable range already, then the demon's check actually speeds up his escape and a classical anti-Zeno effect takes place.

  13. The 2010 Mario AI Championship: Level Generation Track

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Noor; Togelius, Julian; Yannakakis, Georgios N.

    2011-01-01

    The Level Generation Competition, part of the IEEE CIS-sponsored 2010 Mario AI Championship, was to our knowledge the world’s first procedural content generation competition. Competitors participated by submitting level generators — software that generates new levels for a version of Super Mario...

  14. Mario Costa tarantino napoletano

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    Mario Costa was born in Taranto, a town in the sunny south of Italy, but early in his childhood moved to Naples, the cultural capital of southern Italy between the last two centuries. He became a musician, composer and poet and he tried many different genres of music: the popular and the aristocr......Mario Costa was born in Taranto, a town in the sunny south of Italy, but early in his childhood moved to Naples, the cultural capital of southern Italy between the last two centuries. He became a musician, composer and poet and he tried many different genres of music: the popular...

  15. Mario Bunge's Scientific Realism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordero, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents and comments on Mario Bunge's scientific realism. After a brief introduction in Sects. 1 and 2 outlines Bunge's conception of realism. Focusing on the case of quantum mechanics, Sect. 3 explores how his approach plays out for problematic theories. Section 4 comments on Bunge's project against the background of the current…

  16. Mario Fresa (Salerno, 1973

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolino Nappi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Mario Fresa cursa estudios clásicos y musicales y se licencia en Literatura Italiana. Es traductor de Catulo, Marcial, Bernardo de Claraval, Baudelaire, Musset, Desnos, Apollinaire, Frénaud, Cendrars, Char, Duprey y Queneau, además de autor de libros de ensayo, poesía y crítica literaria. Comienza su carrera como poeta en 1999 presentado por Maurizio Cucchi en Specchio, el suplemento semanal del periódico La Stampa. Algunos de sus textos han formado parte de la antología Nuovissima poesia italiana (Mondadori, 2004 y han aparecido en las principales revistas culturales italianas como Caffè Michelangiolo, Paragone y Nuovi Argomenti. De 2002 es la colección de poemas Liaison (Premio Giusti Opera Prima, con prefacio de Maurizio Cucchi, a la que han seguido, entre otros títulos, Costellazione urbana (Mondadori, col. Almanacco dello Specchio, 2008, el poema Alluminio (con prefacio de Mario Santagostini, Lietocolle, 2008, Uno stupore quieto (edizioni Stampa, a cargo de M. Cucchi, 2012, mención especial del Premio Internacional de Literatura Ciudad de Como o La tortura per mezzo delle rose (aparecido en el volumen 14 de la revista Smerilliana y con un ensayo de Valeria Di Felice. Firma la columna Sguardi en la revista de poesía Gradiva. International Journal of Italian Poetry, en la que además es redactor.

  17. It’s me, Mario!: Movies, video games and pop culture in the realization of a fan made trailer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Schäfer

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article takes as its object the fan made trailer Mario: The movie, which brings the narrative of the video game Super Mario in the form of a movie trailer. Our analysis part of this appropriation, made by fans, language and aesthetics of the movie trailer and the narrative of a video game, to think about how certain elements of pop culture and movie universe are already part of the culturaland aesthetic references of many people.

  18. Mario Weiss (1927 – 2008)

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    It was with great sadness that we learned that our colleague and friend Mario Weiss passed away on February 11th. A feeling of emptiness overtook us all. Mario was a reassuring reference in the small community of linear accelerator experts, as he continued to come to CERN regularly and discuss accelerator problems with passion for many years after his official retirement. Mario came to CERN in 1960 and in the PS Division worked on beam dynamics of low-energy high-intensity proton beams, soon becoming a world-level expert in the field. He took an active part in the construction of Linac2, where he was responsible for the low-energy beam transport system. In the early 80’s he turned his interest to the Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ), a novel concept for acceleration which allows the problems related with bunching and injecting low-energy beams to be overcomed. After starting a fruitful collaboration with the Los Alamos scientists, ...

  19. La tregua de Mario Benedetti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Quintana Tejera

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo aborda la novela de Mario Benedetti, La tregua, que a partir desu publicación en 1960 adquirió un amplio reconocimiento de la crítica, así comotambién despertó el placer de un público lector sediento. En ella el personaje narra suhistoria: un viudo con tres hijos que, próximo a jubilarse, encuentra en el amor de unajoven sus mejores momentos. Así, se abre también el problema del abismogeneracional. Este diario de un hombre mayor analiza la perspectiva del alma humanadesde los diferentes enfoques que los personajes autorizan, para concluir en unverdadero drama donde la imagen de la tregua cobra su verdadero significado.

  20. Mario Bunge's Philosophy of Mathematics: An Appraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquis, Jean-Pierre

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, I present and discuss critically the main elements of Mario Bunge's philosophy of mathematics. In particular, I explore how mathematical knowledge is accounted for in Bunge's systemic emergent materialism.

  1. Mario Bunge: Physicist and Philosopher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Michael R.

    Mario Bunge was born in Argentina in the final year of the First World War.He learnt atomic physics and quantum mechanics from an Austrian refugee who had been a student of Heisenberg. Additionally he taught himself modern philosophy in an environment that was a philosophical backwater. He was the first South American philosopher of science to be trained in science. His publications in physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology and the foundations of biology, are staggering in number, and include a massive 8-volume Treatise on Philosophy. The unifying thread of his scholarship is the constant and vigorous advancement of the Enlightenment Project, and criticism of cultural and academic movements that deny or devalue the core planks of the project: namely its naturalism, the search for truth, the universality of science, rationality, and respect for individuals. At a time when specialisation is widely decried, and its deleterious effects on science, philosophy of science, educational research and science teaching are recognised - it is salutary to see the fruits of one person's pursuit of the Big'' scientific and philosophical picture.

  2. Oxford, the Thames and leisure: a history of Salter Bros, 1858-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Simon M. Wenham

    2012-01-01

    This thesis is an examination of the history of Salter Bros Ltd and the firms connected with it. Founded in 1858, it became not only one of the most important businesses associated with the recent history of the Upper Thames, but also a significant employer in Oxford.The study takes a thematic approach, which involves examining the five main areas of the firm’s commercial activities, which were: providing services for the sport of rowing (chapter 1), boat-building (chapter 2), boat-letting (c...

  3. Mario Chalmers 充分证实

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    ◆热队·控球后卫·1 85厘米·22岁◇本季成绩·10.1分·4.7助攻·42.6%投篮"他对自己的能力很有自信,尤其是防守,任何人不管是比他快还是比他高,他都能防守。"韦德(Dwyane Wade)说。这个人是韦德本季的新后场搭档钱莫斯(Mario Chalmers),还只是新秀的他,

  4. Classic Nintendo Games are (NP-)Hard

    CERN Document Server

    Aloupis, Greg; Guo, Alan

    2012-01-01

    We prove NP-hardness results for five of Nintendo's largest video game franchises: Mario, Donkey Kong, Legend of Zelda, Metroid, and Pokemon. Our results apply to Super Mario Bros. 1, 3, Lost Levels, and Super Mario World; Donkey Kong Country 1-3; all Legend of Zelda games except Zelda II: The Adventure of Link; all Metroid games; and all Pokemon role-playing games. For Mario and Donkey Kong, we show NP-completeness. In addition, we observe that several games in the Zelda series are PSPACE-complete.

  5. Mario Benedetti: the simple complexity of an endearing poet/Mario Benedetti: la sencilla complejidad de un poeta entranable/ Mario Benedetti: a simples complexidade de um poeta entranhavel

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Canfield, Martha

    2013-01-01

    The poetry of Mario Benedetti, part of which critics have seen as simple and immediate, revealed itself to be deep in form and contents after it was analysed in detail, due to the amount of cultural...

  6. Mario Vargas Llosa y sus detectives frustrados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clemens A Franken Kurzen

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Luego de exponer los antecedentes blo-blbllográficos más relevantes, la visión de la sociedad y el concepto de la literatura y del lector del escritor peruano Mario Vargas Llosa se analiza en forma detallada su novela con formato policial ¿Quién mató a Palomino Motero? (1986, señalando rasgos característicos de los detectives, su forma de pensar, su perfil psicológico y su modo de investigar, los motivos sociales y culturales del crimen y la crítica a la sociedad peruana. Especial énfasis se pone en destacar la hibridez Ínter e intragenérica presente en esta obra literaria, es decir, la mezcla de diferentes géneros literarios y subgéneros policiales.IAfter presenting his most relevant bio-bibliographic antecedents, his view of society and his concept of literature, Mario Vargas Llosa's novel Who killed PalominoMolero?(] 986, written with a detective fiction format, isanalysed in detail pointing at characteristic features that detectives have, at their way of thinking, at their psychological profile and at their method of investigation; the social and cultural motives for crime and a criticism towards Peruvian society are also analysed. Special attention is paid to highlighting the Ínter and ¡ntrageneríc hybridation -the mixture of different literary genres and detective subgenres- that appear in this novel.

  7. Entrevista: Mario Carlón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demétrio de Azeredo Soster

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Doutor em Ciências Sociais pela Universidade de Buenos Aires, Mario Carlón é um pesquisador inquieto. Interessa-lhe, no ámbito da pesquisa, principalmente, as reconfigurações midiáticas e os novos lugares que se estabelecem nesta ambiência; o fim dos meios massimos e a emergencias de novas formas de diálogo, caso das produções colaborativas, para ficarmos em um exemplo. Adjetivos como fértil e produtivo também se encaixam no perfil de Mario Carlón: em seu currículo, assina, sozinho ou com parcerias, pelo menos oito livros, duas dezenas de capítulo e um número expressivo de artigos públicados em anais de congressos e revistas especializadas. Nesta entrevista à Rizoma, o pesquisador argentino discorre sobre conceitos como midiatização, narrativas transmidiáticas, crise na televisão e outros. As questões da entrevista foram redigidas em português e respondidas em espanhol. Na edição, optou-se por manter perguntas e respostas na língua original em que foram formuladas.

  8. The Mario Schenberg Gravitational Wave Antenna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Nei F.; Aguiar, Odylio D.

    2016-10-01

    This article is an account of the work done in the Mario Schenberg gravitational wave antenna up to date, focusing mainly in the participation of the Laboratório de Estado Sólido e Baixas Temperaturas (LESBT) do Instituto de Física da Universidade de S. Paulo. The text starts with an introduction describing the problem, the Brazilian project, and the participant institutions. This is followed by a description of the construction of the infrastructure, initial tests, and final basic assembly at the LESBT. Results are presented for the thermal and mechanical behaviors of the cryogenic system and for the development of active transducers in its various stages, culminating with the last version in which the project sensitivity of ˜4 × 10-20 Hz-1/2 was attained.

  9. Resonant impedance matchers for Mario Schenberg detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frajuca, Carlos; Bortoli, Fabio S. [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2006-07-01

    'Mario Schenberg' is a spherical resonant-mass gravitational wave (GW) detector that will be part of a GW detection array of two detectors, the other one is been built in The Netherlands. Their resonant frequencies will be around 3.2 kHz with a bandwidth of about 200 Hz. This range of frequencies is new in a field where the typical frequencies lay below 1 kHz, making the transducer development much more complex. Some studies indicated that using low mass mechanical resonators (used for impedance matching to the parametric transducer, in a cold damping regime), allow the detector to reach the standard quantum limit. In this work we describe the study of mechanical impedance matcher resonators used to obtain a better coupling between the sphere and the transducers and keeping the same calibration for all transducers, this has been show to be not a easy task since the differential motions of the sphere surface propagates to the motions of the resonant mechanical impedance matchers, when it can be done then the next step is to calculate the effective mass of the resonating mechanical impedance matcher and then, calculate the detector sensitivity, this is also complicated because there is a spread in the resonant mechanical impedance matcher frequencies. (author)

  10. Fusing Visual and Behavioral Cues for Modeling User Experience in Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Noor; Asteriadis, Stylianos; Yannakakis, Georgios N.

    2013-01-01

    state of the player (or learner) can provide useful information for feeding adaptation mechanisms that aim to maximize engagement or learning effects. In this paper, we introduce a large data corpus derived from 58 participants that play the popular Super Mario Bros platform game and attempt to create...

  11. 2016 AMS Mario J. Molina Symposium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Renyi [Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)

    2016-11-29

    A named symposium to honor Dr. Mario J. Molina was held 10–14 January 2016, as part of the 96th American Meteorological Society (AMS) Annual Meeting in New Orleans, Louisiana. Dr. Molina first demonstrated that industrially produced chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) decompose in the stratosphere and release chlorine atoms, leading to catalytic ozone destruction. His research in stratospheric chemistry was instrumental to the establishment of the 1987 United Nations Montreal Protocol to ban ozone-depleting substances worldwide. Dr. Molina’s contributions to preserving the planet Earth not only save the atmospheric ozone layer, but also protect the climate by reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases. He was awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his pioneering research in understanding the stratospheric ozone loss mechanism. In 2013, President Barack Obama announced Dr. Molina as a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. The 2016 AMS Molina Symposium honored Dr. Molina’s distinguished contributions to research related to atmospheric chemistry. The symposium contained an integrated theme related to atmospheric chemistry, climate, and policy. Dr. Molina delivered a keynote speech at the Symposium. The conference included invited keynote speeches and invited and contributed oral and poster sessions, and a banquet was held on Tuesday January 12, 2016. The symposium covered all aspects of atmospheric chemistry, with topics including (1) Stratospheric chemistry, (2) Tropospheric chemistry, (3) Aerosol nucleation, growth, and transformation, (4) Aerosol properties, (5) Megacity air pollution, and (6) Atmospheric chemistry laboratory, field, and modeling studies. This DOE project supported 14 scientists, including graduate students, post docs, junior research scientists, and non-tenured assistant professors to attend this symposium.

  12. On Mario Bunge's Definition of System and System Boundary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavallo, Andrew M.

    2012-01-01

    In this short paper we discuss Mario Bunge's definition of system boundary. It is quickly discovered that Bunge's definition of system and system boundary are both deficient. We thus propose new definitions, which (hopefully) improve the situation. Our definition of system boundary works off the same intuition behind Bunge's.

  13. Mario Vargas Llosa y el "Realismo Estructural"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Meixia

    2015-01-01

    Este articulo se trata de un comentario del escritor Mario Vargas Llosa, quien tue el ganador del Premio Nobel de literatura en el afio 2010, y las relaciones entre el "Realismo Estructural" y el escritor. E1 articulo contiene un anālisis de algunas obras representativas y las técnicas utilizadas en ellas. En este trabajo, trato de analizar las tbr- mas narrativas utilizadas en sus obras, tanto la estructura como otras técnicas narrativas, mús la combinacin de lo real y lo ficticio, con el fin de disfrutar de las artes del lengueje de Mario Vargas Llosa para describir una historia real, en forma fictional.

  14. La poesía de Mario Rivero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda

    1979-12-01

    Full Text Available La ortodoxia del nadaísmo no fue nunca muy estricta: elogiaban indistintamente a Caryl Chessman y al Dr. Carlos Lleras. Pero los devaneos ideológicos de Gonzalo Arango, su profeta, no le impidieron reclamar siempre, como parte decisiva de su estrategia subversiva, el aporte lírico de Mario Rivero. Así lo atestigua De la nada al nadaísmo, prontuario del grupo.

  15. Las personalidades múltiples de Jorge Mario Varlotta Levrero

    OpenAIRE

    Vecchio, Diego

    2016-01-01

    1- El portero y el otro El año 1992 marca un corte en la obra de Jorge Mario Varlotta Levrero. En 1992, Levrero publica, en Montevideo, en la editorial Arca, El portero y el otro. Con “Apuntes bonaerenses” y “Diario de un canalla”, Levrero inventa un híbrido de diario íntimo, reflexiones ecolo-cósmico-religiosas y dibujos animados, inaugurando, parece ser, una nueva etapa que se prolonga en El discurso vacío y culmina triunfante en La novela luminosa. Al igual que ciertos animales unicelular...

  16. Il poeta Mario Vargas Llosa, dottore a Firenze

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha L. Canfield

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article the polycentric and polymorphous writing of Mario Vargas Llosa is presented from his first novels until his most recent critic production. Just one literary genre seemed to miss in his long and prolific career: poetry. Nevertheless, this article demonstrates how poetry too is an unknown but fundamental part of Vargas Llosa’s lifework. As a tribute to this incredible trajectory, the University of Florence will be honoured to confer him the Honorary Doctorate in spring 2014. 

  17. Cinema and Literature in Latin America: Mario Bellatin's interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Leonel Cherri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In the last turn of the century, literature and cinema produced in Latin America have insisted on represent, in many ways, social violence. This phenomenon has been described as an aestheticized "boom" of violence and, at the same time, as a reflection on the marginality of certain subjects and the biopolitical relations that they expose. This work focuses on certain literary and audiovisual productions by Mario Bellatin such as Salón de Belleza, Bola negra – el musical de Ciudad Juárez and La escuela del dolor humano de Sechuán in order to address such matter.

  18. Mario Bunge, Systematic Philosophy and Science Education: An Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Michael R.

    2012-10-01

    Mario Bunge was born in Argentina in 1919 and is now in his mid-90s. He studied atomic physics and quantum mechanics with Guido Beck (1903-1988), an Austrian refugee and student of Heisenberg. Additionally he studied modern philosophy in an environment that was a philosophical backwater becoming the first South American philosopher of science to be trained in science. His publications in physics, philosophy, psychology, sociology and the foundations of biology, are staggering in number, and include a massive 8-volume Treatise on Philosophy. The unifying thread of his scholarship is the constant and vigorous advancement of the Enlightenment Project, and criticism of cultural and academic movements that deny or devalue the core planks of the project: namely its naturalism, the search for truth, the universality of science, the value of rationality, and respect for individuals. At a time when specialisation is widely decried, and its deleterious effects on science, philosophy of science, educational research and science teaching are recognised, and at a time when `grand narratives' are thought both undesirable and impossible—it is salutary to appraise the fruits of one person's pursuit of the `Big' scientific and philosophical picture or grand narrative. In doing so this special issue brings together philosophers, physicists, biologists, sociologists, logicians, cognitive scientists, economists and mathematicians to examine facets of Mario Bunge's systematic philosophy and to appraise its contribution to important issues in current philosophy and, by implication, education.

  19. PoeMario: dois “loucos simétricos”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacoby, Sissa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O enfoque deste ensaio é a presença de Edgar Allan Poe na obra do poeta Mario Quintana, evidenciada pela intertextualidade que se mostra ora como tema explícito, em alguns poemas, ora como poética inspiradora na aproximação possível de elementos comuns tais como: a recorrência a determinadas imagens, a valorização da sonoridade e da musicalidade. A leitura de mão dupla revela tanto o leitor Mario Quintana, admirador declarado de Poe, quanto o criador Mario Quintana, inventor de mundos e poetas

  20. Kool mahutab end Barbie ja Super Mario kõrvale / Eva Kübar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kübar, Eva

    2006-01-01

    Täna alustavad oma esimest koolipäeva Harjumaal Kiili gümnaasiumi 1. klassis Annaliisa Mals ja Fred Rohi, kes rääkisid oma mõtetest ja tunnetest sama kooli abiturientidele Heleri Kivilile ja Kaile Kullamaale

  1. Super Mario brothers and sisters: Associations between coplaying video games and sibling conflict and affection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyne, Sarah M; Jensen, Alexander C; Smith, Nathan J; Erickson, Daniel H

    2016-02-01

    Video games can be played in many different contexts. This study examined associations between coplaying video games between siblings and levels of affection and conflict in the relationship. Participants were 508 adolescents (M age = 16.31 years of age, SD = 1.08) who completed questionnaires on video game use and sibling relationships. Participants were recruited from a large Northwestern city and a moderate city in the Mountain West of the United States. Video games played between siblings were coded by an independent sample to assess levels of physical aggression and prosocial behavior in each game. Playing video games with a sibling was associated with higher levels of sibling affection for both boys and girls, but higher levels of conflict for boys only. Playing a violent video game with a brother was associated with lower levels of conflict in the sibling relationship, whereas playing a prosocial video game was not related to any sibling outcome. The value of video games in sibling relationships will be discussed, with a focus on the type of game and the sex of the adolescent.

  2. Aspectos de la epistemología de Mario Bunge

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas O., Carlos

    2004-01-01

    La epistemología de Mario Bunge ha venido difundiéndose cada vez más en los países de habla hispánica e inglesa. Presentamos un esbozo general de su teoría de la ciencia, su vinculación con otras corrientes del pensamiento contemporáneo y algunos rasgos básicos de su meto­dología filosófica. En especial hacemos referencia a los postulados ontológicos de la ciencia, a su estructura hipotético-deductiva, a los crite­rios de validación y al problema d la sistematicidad. El artículo se li­mita a ...

  3. Causes of Behavioral Processes: An Interview with Mario A. Bunge

    OpenAIRE

    Camilo Hurtado-Parrado; Javier Virues-Ortega; Toby Martin; Flávia Julio

    2011-01-01

    Mario A. Bunge es uno de los filósofos y humanistas más prominentes de nuestra época. Su amplio número de publicaciones ha cubierto muchos campos, entre otros, epistemología, ontología, ética, filosofía de la ciencia natural y social, filosofía de la tecnología, y filosofía de la mente. Un tópico que intercepta muchas de estas áreas y que es recurrente en el trabajo de Bunge es la causalidad. Su análisis de causación, causa principal, y la redefinición de determinismo ha sido aplicado a difer...

  4. Distance education unit "Mario Rizzini": a Salesian proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Farfán

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The distance education unit Mario Rizzini is a Salesian educational program designed to help excluded sectors of society, mainly young people, whom due to their employment status, premature parenthood, exclusion from formal schools that do not consider special conditions, who failed to complete their education at a school age but feel now the need to graduate.This teaching style is based on social constructivism, wich allows the person to move forward from his/her own reality and knowledge, guided by the Salesian perspective with Don Bosco's charisma, using the preventive method as a means to achieve a fair society. The teaching strategies and instruments are developed from contemporary concepts of distance education, partucularly using information techonology, turned into virtual classrooms that guarantee continuous individual support for the learner. To summarize, we offer an educational alternative that according to our founder's charisma, attempts to include those in need but with high quality education.

  5. Algunas reflexiones desde la acuarela de Mario Conde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Romano

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This brief reflection on the work of Mario Conde starts paying attention to the special relationship the artist has with the watercolor technique, deploying from that relationship a copy-based ethics. From that materiality Conde builds his response to the postmodern moment in which art in general, and particularly Bolivian art, is been developed given its current social conditions. The ethics of the copy is explored especially in two of his works: "Exterminator Angel" where  copying addresses colonial issues that return to question and challenge the very notion of homeland, and "Drunk with power (Géricault in Los Andes" where the copy,  adapted to Andean latitudes, exudes a desire to restore the sacred and  auratic character of artwork as well as of the Andean imagery.Esta breve reflexión sobre la obra de Mario Conde se inicia poniendo atención en la relación particular que tiene el pintor con la técnica de la acuarela, desplegando desde esa relación una ética basada en la copia. Desde esa materialidad Conde concretiza su respuesta al momento posmoderno en que se desarrolla el arte en general, y el boliviano en particular dadas sus condiciones sociales actuales. La ética de la copia es explorada especialmente en dos de sus obras: “Ángel exterminador” donde la copia aborda temáticas coloniales que retornan para poner en cuestión y entredicho la noción de patria, y “Ebrios de poder (Géricault en Los Andes” donde la copia adaptada a latitudes andinas destila un deseo de restablecer el carácter sagrado y aurático de la obra de arte como del imaginario andino.

  6. Fra spil-filmatiseringen til spil-filmen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Henrik Smed

    2010-01-01

    Filmatiseringer af computerspil har siden Super Mario Bros.i 1993 været en fast del af Hollywoods repertoire. Sjældent fører de dog andet med sig end lunkne anmeldelser og sure spil-fans. Elleve år tidligere, med TRON i 1982, ser spil-filmen dagens lys. Uden brands og licensaftaler i ryggen tegner...

  7. Mario Bunge: Physicist, philosopher and defender of science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael R. Matthews

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Mario Bunge was born in Argentina in the final year of the First World War. He learnt atomic physics andquantum mechanics from an Austrian refugee who had been a student of Heisenberg. Additionally he taughthimself modern philosophy in an environment that was a philosophical backwater. He was the first SouthAmerican philosopher of science to be trained in science. His publications in physics, philosophy, psychology,sociology and the foundations of biology, are staggering in number, and include a massive 8-volume Treatise onPhilosophy. The unifying thread of his scholarship is the constant and vigorous advancement of theEnlightenment Project, and criticism of cultural and academic movements that deny or devalue the core planksof the project: namely its naturalism, the search for truth, the universality of science, rationality, and respect forindividuals. At a time when specialisation is widely decried, and its deleterious effects on science, philosophy ofscience, educational research and science teaching are recognised – it is salutary to see the fruits of one person’spursuit of the ‘Big’ scientific and philosophical picture.

  8. Causes of Behavioral Processes: An Interview with Mario A. Bunge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Hurtado-Parrado

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Mario A. Bunge es uno de los filósofos y humanistas más prominentes de nuestra época. Su amplio número de publicaciones ha cubierto muchos campos, entre otros, epistemología, ontología, ética, filosofía de la ciencia natural y social, filosofía de la tecnología, y filosofía de la mente. Un tópico que intercepta muchas de estas áreas y que es recurrente en el trabajo de Bunge es la causalidad. Su análisis de causación, causa principal, y la redefinición de determinismo ha sido aplicado a diferentes temas filosóficos que van desde el papel causal del funcionamiento neuronal hasta el fenómeno de las leyes sociales. Bunge ha criticado el funcionalismo, cognitivismo, computacionalismo, conductismo e idealismo en su intento por explicar el comportamiento tanto humano como no humano. Este artículo es el resultado de una extensa entrevista con el Dr. Bunge en la cual el discute una variedad de temas conceptuales vinculados a la noción de causalidad y explicación en psicología.

  9. Mario Vargas Llosa : Premio Nobel de Literatura 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Valenzuela Garcés

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La historia del otorgamiento del Premio Nobel de Literatura es bien conocida yen ella podemos advertir, con los estupores del caso, injusticias notables, omisionesimperdonables, olvidos que podrían poner en duda la relevancia de este premio decarácter ecuménico. Felizmente tenemos, y son las más, premiaciones muy justas,reconocimientos que concitaron el acuerdo y el aplauso de todos en su momentoy que no solo confirmaron la notable trayectoria del autor laureado, sino su lanzamientoa nivel universal. Nombres como los de Steinbeck, Camus o García Márqueznos devolvieron la fe en este premio y en lo que no debería dejar de ser nunca: laverdadera consagración de una obra, de notable calidad e importancia, y la de unescritor, ejemplo de conducta moral. Afortunadamente esto es lo que ha sucedido el2010, al recaer el Premio Nobel en un escritor de nuestra casa, comprometido con sutiempo y con su obra como Mario Vargas Llosa, quien es, antes que nada, un hombreconsecuente con sus ideas y creencias.

  10. Ursamaior, by Mario Claudio: seven stars, a falling body

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Caser da Costa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In the year 2000, Portuguese writer Mario Claudio publishes Ursamaior, a novel that do not escape from his tendency of turning real data into fictional pieces. Together with Orion (2003, and Gemeos (2004, that book composes the “Trilogy of the Constellations”, according to Maria Theresa Abelha Alves. The first element of that triptych exposes several types of violence, among which an exhausting rape scene suffered by Jorge, the last star of Ursamaior constellation. Therefore, we will depart from that scene in order to reflect on the preponderant role of the playful element over the mourning body, basing our text on, for example, Walter Benjamin’s Origin of the German Baroque Drama. We will also focus on the intersemiotic game that establishes a dialogue between literature and other artistic languages, in this novel, notably cinema. Finally, the act of writing will be understood as a means of suturing torn souls and bodies, and also as a way of reorganizing chaos, highlighting the neobaroque characteristic of the pair mourning-game, and the self-reflection and the metalanguage as textual strategies not rarely evidenciated by mauroclaudian works.--- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22409/abriluff.2017n18a411

  11. Super Special Codes using Super Matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Kandasamy, W B Vasantha; Ilanthenral, K

    2010-01-01

    The new classes of super special codes are constructed in this book using the specially constructed super special vector spaces. These codes mainly use the super matrices. These codes can be realized as a special type of concatenated codes. This book has four chapters. In chapter one basic properties of codes and super matrices are given. A new type of super special vector space is constructed in chapter two of this book. Three new classes of super special codes namely, super special row code, super special column code and super special codes are introduced in chapter three. Applications of these codes are given in the final chapter.

  12. PALAEOENVIRONMENTAL EVOLUTION OF THE PLIO-PLEISTOCENE MONTE MARIO SUCCESSION (ROME, ITALY INFERRED FROM OSTRACOD ASSEMBLAGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COSTANZA FARANDA

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The whole "classical" Monte Mario succession has been recovered through the excavation of the Giovanni XXIII tunnel inside the city of Rome (Italy. The succession has been sampled from the Zanclean Monte Vaticano Fm. to the Lower Pleistocene Monte Mario Fm. Well-preserved and diversified ostracod faunas have been recovered and the ostracod assemblages have been studied using community structure analyses and statistical multivariate analyses. The Monte Vaticano Fm. has been referred to a bathyal marine environment (300-350 m of depth, the most represented genera being Krithe, Parakrithe, Bairdoppilata and Cytherella. The Monte Mario Fm. provided ostracod assemblages referable to littoral environments with Cimbaurila, Aurila, Costa, Carinocythereis, Leptocythere and Loxoconcha as dominant taxa. Within the Monte Mario Fm., three marine shallowing-up sequences have been recognised, the last two recording marginal marine conditions with shallow depths and variable salinity (dominant Cyprideis torosa. Two cold-water episodes have been recognised within the basal Monte Mario Fm. characterised by the occurrence of Arctica islandica and, within the upper level, by the presence of the northern guests Cytheropteron depressum, Bythocythere zetlandica, Paradoxostoma ensiforme and Paradoxostoma abbreviatum. 

  13. La escritura utópica de Mario Vargas Llosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Huamán

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los efectos más recurrentes de la escritura literaria es el asombro que se produce en el lector frente a la revelación de la dimensión estética.A partir de esa experiencia, el usuario intenta descifrar o comprender la peculiar naturaleza de la creación verbal. Entonces, en el afán por entender el secreto de la palabra poética, la primera alternativa consiste en indagar en el autor o escritor al respecto, porque se supone que quién ha concretado una obra que genera tal reacción, debe de saber en qué consiste su arte, su destreza, su particular habilidad creativa. En este sentido, la intención de este artículo es realizar una rápida revisión del “arte poética”del autor de La casa verde, con el objeto de clarificar la continuidad de sus convicciones básicas y observar cómo la aparente adscripción de su postura a una opción esteticista, que algunos han considerado homóloga a su postura ideológica a favor del liberalismo, ha sido modificada, de conformidad con sus últimas reflexiones. Ello acerca su obra a la del otrogran narrador peruano del siglo XX: José María Arguedas.Palabras claves: Mario Vargas Llosa, arte poética, escritura utópica, narrativa peruana.

  14. CERN Library | Mario Campanelli presents "Inside CERN's Large Hadron Collider" | 16 March

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Library

    2016-01-01

    "Inside CERN's Large Hadron Collider" by Mario Campanelli. Presentation on Wednesday, 16 March at 4 p.m. in the Library (bldg 52-1-052) The book aims to explain the historical development of particle physics, with special emphasis on CERN and collider physics. It describes in detail the LHC accelerator and its detectors, describing the science involved as well as the sociology of big collaborations, culminating with the discovery of the Higgs boson.  Inside CERN's Large Hadron Collider  Mario Campanelli World Scientific Publishing, 2015  ISBN 9789814656641​

  15. EL IMAGINARIO PERRUNO EN LA CIUDAD Y LOS PERROS DE MARIO VARGAS LLOSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristián Montes

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available La intención de estas páginas es analizar de qué modo se despliega el imaginario perruno en La ciudad y los perros de Mario Vargas Llosa. Se estudiará cómo se vinculan y relacionan los significantes: animal - humano.This work intends to study the ways in which the conceptual image of the dog is represented in Mario Vargas Llosa's novel La ciudady los perros, particularly the significant connections and relationships between animals and humans.

  16. EL IMAGINARIO PERRUNO EN LA CIUDAD Y LOS PERROS DE MARIO VARGAS LLOSA

    OpenAIRE

    Cristián Montes

    2011-01-01

    La intención de estas páginas es analizar de qué modo se despliega el imaginario perruno en La ciudad y los perros de Mario Vargas Llosa. Se estudiará cómo se vinculan y relacionan los significantes: animal - humano.This work intends to study the ways in which the conceptual image of the dog is represented in Mario Vargas Llosa's novel La ciudady los perros, particularly the significant connections and relationships between animals and humans.

  17. PoeMario: dois “loucos simétricos”

    OpenAIRE

    Jacoby, Sissa

    2009-01-01

    This essay’s focus of interest is the presence of Edgar Allan Poe in Mario Quintana’s work, which can be evidenced by the intertextuality that may appear as an explicit theme, in some poems, or as a poetics that will inspire the possible approach of common elements, such as: the recurrence of some images, the given value of musicality and sonority. A double reading can reveal not only Mario Quintana as a Poe’s reader and admirer, but also as a writer, inventor of worlds and poets. O enfoqu...

  18. Super Factories

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D G Hitlin

    2006-11-01

    Heavy-flavor physics, in particular and physics results from the factories, currently provides strong constraints on models of physics beyond the Standard Model. A new generation of colliders, Super Factories, with 50 to 100 times the luminosity of existing colliders, can, in a dialog with LHC and ILC, provide unique clarification of new physics phenomena seen at those machines.

  19. Towards gaze-controlled platform games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muñoz, Jorge; Yannakakis, Georgios N.; Mulvey, Fiona

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the concept of using gaze as a sole modality for fully controlling player characters of fast-paced action computer games. A user experiment is devised to collect gaze and gameplay data from subjects playing a version of the popular Super Mario Bros platform game. The initial...... analysis shows that there is a rather limited grid around Mario where the efficient player focuses her attention the most while playing the game. The useful grid as we name it, projects the amount of meaningful visual information a designer should use towards creating successful player character...... controllers with the use of artificial intelligence for a platform game like Super Mario. Information about the eyes' position on the screen and the state of the game are utilized as inputs of an artificial neural network, which is trained to approximate which keyboard action is to be performed at each game...

  20. Uurimuslik õpe - õpilane noore teadlase rollis / Mario Mäeots ; intervjueerinud Eeva Kumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäeots, Mario

    2014-01-01

    Intervjuu Mario Mäeotsaga, kes kaitses hiljuti TÜ haridusvaldkonna doktorikraadide andmise ühisnõukogus oma doktoritööd „Inquirybased learning in a webbased learning environment: a theoretical framework of in­qui­ry-based learning processes” („Uurimuslik õpe veebipõhises õpikeskkonnas: uurimusliku õppe protsesside teoreetiline raamistik”)

  1. El uso de la barra (/) en El amor, las mujeres y la vida, de Mario Benedetti

    OpenAIRE

    Begines Hormigo, José Manuel

    2015-01-01

    Mario Benedetti, encuadrado en la poética conversacional hispanoamericana, tiende a buscar un equilibrio entre la realización tradicional de sus versos y una realización próxima al registro lingüístico coloquial. Para conseguirlo, el poeta uruguayo,

  2. Uurimuslik õpe - õpilane noore teadlase rollis / Mario Mäeots ; intervjueerinud Eeva Kumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäeots, Mario

    2014-01-01

    Intervjuu Mario Mäeotsaga, kes kaitses hiljuti TÜ haridusvaldkonna doktorikraadide andmise ühisnõukogus oma doktoritööd „Inquirybased learning in a webbased learning environment: a theoretical framework of in­qui­ry-based learning processes” („Uurimuslik õpe veebipõhises õpikeskkonnas: uurimusliku õppe protsesside teoreetiline raamistik”)

  3. Canonizing Latin American Literature: Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Mario Vargas Llosa Enter the English Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cellini, Alva V.

    As Latin American literature progressively enters into the English curriculum, two writers deserve special commentary for their representative contribution to the literary world. Through their works, the Columbian author, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and the Peruvian author, Mario Vargas Llosa clearly convey the Latin American writer's desire to be…

  4. MARIOS: Irradiation of UO{sub 2} containing 15% americium at well defined temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D' Agata, E., E-mail: elio.dagata@ec.europa.eu [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy - P.O. Box 2, 1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands); Hania, P.R. [Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group, P.O. Box 25, 1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands); Bejaoui, S. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, DEC CEA-Cadarache, 13108 St. Paul lez Durance Cedex (France); Sciolla, C.; Wyatt, T.; Hannink, M.H.C. [Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group, P.O. Box 25, 1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands); Herlet, N.; Jankowiak, A. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique DTEC CEA Marcoule, 30207 Bagnols sur Ceze Cedex (France); Klaassen, F.C. [Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group, P.O. Box 25, 1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands); Bonnerot, J.-M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, DEC CEA-Cadarache, 13108 St. Paul lez Durance Cedex (France)

    2012-01-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer MARIOS is designed to check the behaviour of Minor Actinide Blanket Module concept. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Main requirement of the experiment is an accurate control of the temperature. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The swelling and the helium release will be the main output of the experiment. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A complementary experiment (DIAMINO), will be performed in the next future. - Abstract: Americium is a strong contributor to the long term radiotoxicity of high activity nuclear waste. Transmutation by irradiation in nuclear reactors of long-lived nuclides like {sup 241}Am is, therefore, an option for the reduction of radiotoxicity and residual power packages as well as the repository area. The MARIOS irradiation experiment is the latest of a series of experiments on americium transmutation (e.g. EFTTRA-T4, EFTTRA-T4bis, HELIOS). MARIOS experiment is carried out in the framework of the 4-year project FAIRFUELS of the EURATOM 7th Framework Programme (FP7). During the past years of experimental work in the field of transmutation and tests of innovative nuclear fuel containing americium, the release or trapping of helium as well as swelling has shown to be the key issue for the design of such kinds of target. Therefore, the main objective of the MARIOS experiment is to study the in-pile behaviour of UO{sub 2} containing minor actinides (MAs) in order to gain knowledge on the role of the microstructure and of the temperature on the gas release and on fuel swelling. The MARIOS experiment will be conducted in the HFR (high flux reactor) in Petten (The Netherlands) and will start in the beginning of 2011. It has been planned that the experiment will last 11 cycles, corresponding to 11 months. This paper covers the description of the objective of the experiment, as well as a general description of the design of the experiment.

  5. The Super Patalan Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Richardson, Thomas M.

    2014-01-01

    We introduce the super Patalan numbers, a generalization of the super Catalan numbers in the sense of Gessel, and prove a number of properties analagous to those of the super Catalan numbers. The super Patalan numbers generalize the super Catalan numbers similarly to how the Patalan numbers generalize the Catalan numbers.

  6. IN MEMORIAM MARIO COMPORTI 1935-2014 (CO-EDITOR-IN-CHIEF SINCE 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Pompella

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Mario Comporti was born in Siena and earned a high school diploma (Classical studies at the local Liceo Classico Enea Silvio Piccolomini. He was proud of this title, and always firmly considered classical studies an essential aspect in the education of young generations. Mario attended as a student at the University of Siena the Institute of Medical Pathology managed by Cesare Bartorelli, and was positively impressed by the ability of many physicians of the Institute to connect the scientific research with the medical-care activity. That was the time period when research first captivated him, to follow him for the rest of his subsequent life. Comporti graduated with honours in 1960, and then worked as Assistant professor at the Institutes of General Pathology of Siena and Turin.[...

  7. Development of superconducting Klystron cavity for the Mario Schenberg gravitational wave detector

    CERN Document Server

    Liccardo, Vincenzo; de França, Enrique Klai

    2015-01-01

    Superconducting reentrant cavities can be used in parametric transducers for Gravitational Wave antennas. The Mario Schenberg detector, which is being built by the GRAVITON group at Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), basically consists of a resonant mass (ball) and a set of parametric transducers in order to monitor the fundamental modes of vibration. When coupled to the antenna, the transducer-sphere system will work as a mass-spring system. In this work the main task is the development of parametric transducers consisting of reentrant superconducting cavity with high performance to be implemented in the Mario Schenberg detector. Many geometries, materials and designs have been tested and compared to optimize parameters such as electric and mechanical Q-factor. The aim is the construction of a complete set of nine parametric transducers that, attached to the spherical antenna, will possibly reach the sensitivity $h$ $\\sim$ 10$^{-22}$ $Hz$$^{-1/2}$ in the near future.

  8. Mario Quintana, um eclético sincrético na literatura brasileira

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carvalho, Vinicius Mariano de

    2014-01-01

    Este artigo esboça um panorama da produção literária de Mario Quintana, situando seu percurso dentro do contexto do Modernismo Brasileiro mostrando como o poeta foi sistematicamente um eclético com relação ao submeter-se a uma estética literária e como operou um verdadeiro sincretismo literário e...

  9. Mario Benedetti: la sencilla complejidad de un poeta entrañable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Canfield

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The poetry of Mario Benedetti, part of which critics have seen assimple and immediate, revealed itself to be deep in form andcontents after it was analysed in detail, due to the amount of cultural references, the large network of intertextuality and its refined metric composition. The present paper studies these characteristics of his craft on a wide selection of his poems and particularly on the novel-poem El Cumpleaños de Juan Ángel.

  10. Chronotope of cities in The bad girl, by Mario Vargas Llosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Saraí Fernández-López

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a chronotopic interpretation of the novel The bad girl, by Mario Vargas Llosa. It emphasizes the functioning of different cities, where the plot takes place, as essential parts of the argumentative structure. The emotional load of these cities, ideologies and implied ethics, as well as the characters’ evolution, within the author’s context and represented events, were needed to know the text’s sense and intention.

  11. Mario Quintana, um eclético sincrético na literatura brasileira

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carvalho, Vinicius Mariano de

    2014-01-01

    Este artigo esboça um panorama da produção literária de Mario Quintana, situando seu percurso dentro do contexto do Modernismo Brasileiro mostrando como o poeta foi sistematicamente um eclético com relação ao submeter-se a uma estética literária e como operou um verdadeiro sincretismo literário em...

  12. Máscaras de la lectura: Jorge Luis Borges en la obra de Mario Luzi / The masks of reading: Jeorge Luis Borges in Mario Luzi’s work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Clemente Del Percio

    2014-12-01

    The roads that separate writers often end with a paradox, happy proximity. The nominations for the Nobel Prize for literature in 1979 came together, as in a real literary constellation, Italo Calvino, Alberto Moravia, Giorgio Bassani, Vittorio Sereni, Leonardo Sciascia and Mario Luzi, along with the argentine Jorge Luis Borges. The list reflects the richness and variety of Italian literature of the time. But beyond the storytellers, the coincidence of Luzi and Borges (and we might add, that of Odisseas Elytis, who was finally awarded the prize is a unique convergence of poets, with very different poetics, but with intense communicating vessels that unite them, often invisible and contradictory manner. While Borges never wrote about Luzi, the italian, however, did, and quite often, on the argentine, not only from the pages of literary criticism in «Il Corriere della Sera», space occupied until 1974 commenting Latin American literature (he has written about Roberto Arlt, Vargas Llosa and Juan Rulfo, among other writers, but in different interviews, where the frequent quotations that Luzi makes about Borges often installed a space for discussion and profound differences not only on the nature of poetry, but on the same link with the world and life. We propose to study these reflections that Mario Luzi made from (and on many occasions, against about the Argentine author, from the critical work of the Florentine poet, on the centenary of his birth.

  13. Playing Super Mario induces structural brain plasticity: gray matter changes resulting from training with a commercial video game.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kühn, S; Gleich, T; Lorenz, R C; Lindenberger, U; Gallinat, J

    2014-02-01

    Video gaming is a highly pervasive activity, providing a multitude of complex cognitive and motor demands. Gaming can be seen as an intense training of several skills. Associated cerebral structural plasticity induced has not been investigated so far. Comparing a control with a video gaming training group that was trained for 2 months for at least 30 min per day with a platformer game, we found significant gray matter (GM) increase in right hippocampal formation (HC), right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and bilateral cerebellum in the training group. The HC increase correlated with changes from egocentric to allocentric navigation strategy. GM increases in HC and DLPFC correlated with participants' desire for video gaming, evidence suggesting a predictive role of desire in volume change. Video game training augments GM in brain areas crucial for spatial navigation, strategic planning, working memory and motor performance going along with evidence for behavioral changes of navigation strategy. The presented video game training could therefore be used to counteract known risk factors for mental disease such as smaller hippocampus and prefrontal cortex volume in, for example, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia and neurodegenerative disease.

  14. A epistemologia de Mario Bunge e sua contribuição para o ensino de ciências Mario Bunge's epistemology and its contribution to science education

    OpenAIRE

    Murilo Westphal; Thais Cristine Pinheiro

    2004-01-01

    Apresenta-se parte da epistemologia de Mario Bunge, sua preocupação com a crise que se instaurou sobre a ciência e com o avanço de visões relativistas como as de Kuhn e Feyerabend. Destacam-se as divergências de opiniões e as muitas críticas que desenvolve no anseio de retorno ao realismo ontológico - seu maior interesse - razão de um progresso científico coeso e de uma aproximação consistente com a verdade. Faz-se referência, ainda, ao uso de tal epistemologia no ensino de ciências, mostrand...

  15. A epistemologia de Mario Bunge e sua contribuição para o ensino de ciências Mario Bunge's epistemology and its contribution to science education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murilo Westphal

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta-se parte da epistemologia de Mario Bunge, sua preocupação com a crise que se instaurou sobre a ciência e com o avanço de visões relativistas como as de Kuhn e Feyerabend. Destacam-se as divergências de opiniões e as muitas críticas que desenvolve no anseio de retorno ao realismo ontológico - seu maior interesse - razão de um progresso científico coeso e de uma aproximação consistente com a verdade. Faz-se referência, ainda, ao uso de tal epistemologia no ensino de ciências, mostrando-se o seu benefício, em contraste àquelas anti-realistas, quando se pensa nos estudantes, em seus interesses e nas possíveis mudanças conceituais que são o objetivo de qualquer forma de ensino.This paper aims to show part of Mario Bunge's epistemology, his attention to the crisis of science and with the advancement of relativist views like those of Kuhn and Feyerabend. It emphasizes the disagreement with their opinions and critique that Bunge develops to return to his main interest that of ontologic realismThis paper also shows that the use of this kind of epistemology in the science education is better than relativistic ones because of the students interests and the possiblity of change of their conceptions which is the principal aim of any form of education.

  16. Mario Vargas Llosa, La civilización del espectáculo

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarado Teodorika, Tatiana

    2014-01-01

    Mario Vargas Llosa inicia su ensayo precisando que lo que busca es dejar constancia de la metamorfosis de contenido que ha sufrido (y aquí la palabra la empleo a propósito) el término cultura. Hace una revisión de ensayos de las últimas décadas en lo que se debate precisamente sobre la crisis que atraviesa la cultura de nuestra época, y empieza con el Notes Towards the Definition of Culture de T. S. Eliot (de 1948), en el que advierte el anuncio de los tiempos que vivimos nosotros hoy... Expo...

  17. Studi Kritis Terhadap Teori Identitas Pikiran-Otak Mario Bunge: Perspektif Neo-Sadrian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cipta Bakti Gama

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : The aim of this research is to conduct a critical analysis of Mario Bunge’s view that mental reality is identical with the reality of brain function known as mind-brain identity theory. The analysis is performed using Neosadrian perspective, i.e. a new form of Mulla Sadra’s philosophy which is developed by Tabataba‘i and his disciples. The author tries to elucidate the main claims held by Bunge and to launch some critiques upon those claims. The main conclusions achieved through this research include the following. Firstly, mind-brain identity theory cannot be accepted. Secondly, current development of scientific studies corroborating certain relations between brain and mental states does not justify the validity of the identity theory, also does not falsify its opposition. Thirdly, a religious-sufistical philosophy, such the Neosadrian, can be consistent with current development of scientific research.Keywords : Mind-brain  identity  theory,  Mario  Bunge, Neo-Sadrian,  science,  religious-sufistical philosophy. Abstrak : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan analisis kritis atas pandangan Mario Bunge bahwa realitas pikiran identik dengan realitas fungsi otak, yang dikenal dengan teori identitas pikiran- otak. Analisis tersebut dilakukan dengan menggunakan sudut pandang Neosadrian, yaitu bentuk baru filsafat Mulla Sadra yang dikembangkan oleh Tabataba‘i dan murid-muridnya. Penulis mencoba menguraikan sejumlah klaim utama yang dipegang oleh Bunge tentang teori identitas tersebut dan melancarkan kritik terhadapnya. Sejumlah kesimpulan utama yang bisa dicapai melalui penelitian ini mencakup hal-hal berikut. Pertama, teori identitas pikiran-otak tidak bisa diterima. Kedua, perkembangan studi saintifik yang menguatkan adanya relasi antara status otak dan status mental tidak menjustifikasi validitas teori identitas pikiran-otak, juga tidak memfalsifikasi dualitas esensi keduanya. Ketiga, filsafat yang bercorak religius

  18. Mario Vargas Llosa, ¿un enigma de la fabulación?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Grilli

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Cuando conocí a Mario Vargas Llosa, corría el año 1970; el escritor por aquel entoncesya había empezado su progresivo alejamiento de la izquierda canónica. Era elmomento del caso Padilla, el poeta cubano disidente de quien el futuro premio Nobel,primer peruano en ser galardonado, se erguía en valiente defensor. Mario, en esasfechas, vivía afincado en el barrio de Sarrià de Barcelona y, a pesar de su éxito literariotras las grandes novelas del exordio, desde La ciudad y los perros (1963 y La casaverde (1966 hasta Conversación en la catedral (1969, mantenía un apego sincero ycordial, desenfadado, en nada ostentoso. Se le consideraba, sin embargo, un autormuy afamado y brillante, algo más que una promesa. Sonriente y feliz, compartía eltrabajo meticuloso de escribir a diario con lecturas de amplio abanico, compromisossociales (pocos y vida familiar. Como revelaría pronto con su novela La tía Julia y elescribidor (1977, esa etapa existencial venía marcada por sentar familia con labellísima prima Patricia, y sus niños. Mario era además un guapo (belleza que no hamenguado con la madurez, ni siquiera con la entrada en una tercera edad biendisimulada; en aquel entonces era un joven capaz de fascinar a hombres y mujeres detodo tipo, incluidos los estudiantes. Con todo, estos últimos no dudaron en rebatirlede forma incisiva tras una conferencia dictada en la Universidad, al grito de«colonizado». Tardaría Mario muchos y muchos años en elegir la ciudadanía españolay tomar posesión de la silla en la Real Academia. Ello, cabe hacer memoria, ocurrió entodo caso ya muerto el Dictador y realizada la transición democrática, y tras el fracasodel proceso político en el Perú, que en lugar de elegir a Vargas Llosa para laPresidencia optó por otorgarle la mayoría al siniestro Fujimori.

  19. Caracterización del embarazo en adolescentes del policlínico Mario Pozo

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo, con el objetivo de caracterizar el embarazo en la adolescencia en el área de salud del policlínico “Mario Pozo”, en el municipio de Jesús Menéndez, provincia de Las Tunas, Cuba; durante los años 2012 y 2013. La muestra quedó constituida por 130 embarazadas adolescentes. Los datos fueron recopilados en los registros de la consulta municipal de genética y estadísticas y las variables empleadas fueron: grupos de edad, las que aportaron morbilidad ...

  20. Mario Corona, Donatella Izzo (eds., Queerdom. Gender Displacements in a Transnational Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Pinzuti

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Nella sua articolata introduzione a Queerdom (Introduction. What Do We Talk About When We Talk About Queerdom, Mario Corona pone le basi operative, processuali e “transitive” delle indagini presenti in questo volume che, in occasione del decimo anniversario della fondazione del Center for Studies on the Languages of Identities dell’ Università di Bergamo, offrono una stimolante “narrazione metodologica” dell’attuale «queer approach to literary texts as well as to cultural structures and situations».

  1. In ‘prison-house of love’: The Bad Girl and bad girls of Mario Vargas Llosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tajuddin Ahmed

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Mario Vargas Llosa’s recent novel The Bad Girl centers around a sexually liberated woman whois in search of individual emancipation through transgressions of all social norms. The issue offemale sexuality and its relation with woman liberation occupies an important and debatableposition in Feminist discourse. Llosa’s own attitude to liberated female sexuality had been anambivalent one. In this paper I would like analyse and explore the question of woman’s liberationin the novel of Mario Vargas Llosa, taking into account the major conflicting Feminist discoursesas well as the presence and erasure of female sexuality in the history of Latin American novels.

  2. Ecfrasis literaria y arquitectura novelesca: Los cuadernos de don Rigoberto de Mario Vargas Llosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Antonio Agudelo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone una relectura de la novela Los cuadernos de don Rigoberto de Mario Vargas Llosa, concentrando la atención en la figura retórica de la ecfrasis. Examina la arquitectura novelesca y la representación verbal y visual como pilares de lo que constituiría una genuina novela iconoverbal. El estudio está soportado en las estrategias de análisis provenientes de la semiótica literaria, la narratología y la retórica, que permiten una comprensión amplia del objeto de estudio. This paper proposes a different interpretation of the novel Los cuadernos de don Rigoberto by Mario Vargas Llosa, focusing on the rhetorical figure of ekphrasis. It examines the novelistic architecture and verbal and visual representation as pillars of what would constitute a genuine iconoverbal novel. The study is supported by the analysis strategies from literary semiotics, narratology and rhetoric, which allow a comprehensive understanding of subject matter.

  3. The Solar Tower at Monte Mario: a New Didactic Laboratory for Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Alessio, F.; Faccini, M.; Leoni, R.; Giobbi, G.

    The year 2009 witnessed the restoration of the Solar Tower of Astronomical Observatory of Rome, in the INAF main office of Villa Mellini, Monte Mario. This structure underwent a patient restructuring of optics, mechanics and control equipment. Moreover, some areas have been converted into welcome centre for the visitors, so as to transform a scientific instrument - which was active up to a few years ago - into a didactic structure, mainly suitable for school groups. The Solar Tower of Monte Mario, which has been open to the public since January 2010, allows visitors to directly observe the Sun, as well as the spectrum of its light. The Tower therefore becomes an effective didactic instrument in order to teach and talk about a wide range of scientific topics - from Solar Physics to Sun-Earth interactions, to Stellar Evolution. Here we describe the work done by the DivA group of INAF-OAR for putting back into service the Solar Tower, from the technical and didactic viewpoints. We shall also take stock of the activities organized in the first few months of activity.

  4. A Game-based Corpus for Analysing the Interplay between Game Context and Player Experience

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Noor; Yannakakis, Georgios N.; Asteriadis, Stylianos;

    2011-01-01

    Recognizing players' aective state while playing video games has been the focus of many recent research studies. In this paper we describe the process that has been followed to build a corpus based on game events and recorded video sessions from human players while playing Super Mario Bros. We...... present dierent types of information that have been extracted from game context, player preferences and perception of the game, as well as user features, automatically extracted from video recordings.We run a number of initial experiments to analyse players' behavior while playing video games as a case...

  5. Study of mythopoetic primitivism in a brief poem by mario de andrade Study of mythopoetic primitivism in a brief poem by mario de andrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert DiAntonio

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The weapon of poetry turns against natural things and wounds or murders them... to construct something that is not a copy of "nature" and yet possesses substance of its own is a feat which presupposes nothing less than genius. Jose Ortega y Gassed The literary ballad, an increasingly popular genre this century, consciously attempts to emulate the mythic and primitive aspects of the orally transmitted folk ballad. "A Serra do Rola-MOca" by Mario de Andrade masterfully exemplifies the consummate depth and brilliance that the modern folk ballad is capable of attaining. Upon superficial analysis this work appears to be nothing more than a simple folk narrative, but in essence it emxrcpasses a contemporary mytho-poetic vision of reality rooted in deep psychic and primal elements. This primal vision is subliminally accessable and interpretable only in terms of a psychological analysis of the subject matter. In the work at hand, Andrade creates a personal mythology, one which remains poignantly faithful to the common font of animistic primitivism common to all mythologies. The weapon of poetry turns against natural things and wounds or murders them... to construct something that is not a copy of "nature" and yet possesses substance of its own is a feat which presupposes nothing less than genius. Jose Ortega y Gassed The literary ballad, an increasingly popular genre this century, consciously attempts to emulate the mythic and primitive aspects of the orally transmitted folk ballad. "A Serra do Rola-MOca" by Mario de Andrade masterfully exemplifies the consummate depth and brilliance that the modern folk ballad is capable of attaining. Upon superficial analysis this work appears to be nothing more than a simple folk narrative, but in essence it emxrcpasses a contemporary mytho-poetic vision of reality rooted in deep psychic and primal elements. This primal vision is subliminally accessable and interpretable only in terms of a

  6. Can the History of Science Contribute to Modelling in Physics Teaching? The Case of Galilean Studies and Mario Bunge's Epistemology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, Juliana; Braga, Marco Antônio Barbosa

    2016-01-01

    A characterization of the modelling process in science is proposed for science education, based on Mario Bunge's ideas about the construction of models in science. Galileo's "Dialogues" are analysed as a potentially fruitful starting point to implement strategies aimed at modelling in the classroom in the light of that proposal. It is…

  7. Psycho-Neural Identity as the Basis for Empirical Research and Theorization in Psychology: An Interview with Mario A. Bunge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virues-Ortega, Javier; Hurtado-Parrado, Camilo; Martin, Toby L.; Julio, Flavia

    2012-01-01

    Mario Bunge is one of the most prolific philosophers of our time. Over the past sixty years he has written extensively about semantics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science and ethics. Bunge has been interested in the philosophical and methodological implications of modern psychology and more specifically in the philosophies of the…

  8. Di cannibali, sacrifici e altri abomini: la rappresentazione del mondo indigeno nella narrativa di Mario Vargas Llosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodja Bernandoni

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to investigate the way in which native cultures are represented in Mario Vargas Llosa’s literary works. Trough a survey of the most important texts of the author we will try to show how the idea of the incompatibility between modernity and indigenous cultures grows increasingly stronger and important within Vargas Llosa writings.

  9. 78 FR 37792 - Mario Julian Martinez-Bernache, Inmate Number #95749-279, CI Big Spring, Corrections Institution...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Mario Julian Martinez-Bernache, Inmate Number 95749-279, CI Big Spring, Corrections Institution, 2001 Rickabaugh Drive, Big Spring, TX 79720; Order Denying Export Privileges On March... this provision may be for a period of up to 10 years from the date of the conviction. 15 CFR...

  10. ’n Ondersoek na die kunstenaarskap in Die swye van Mario Salviati binne die konteks van die magiese realisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Botes

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available An investigation into the nature of the artist in The long silence of Mario Salviati within the context of magic realism This article investigates the nature of the artist in “The long silence of Mario Salviati” (2000 within the context of magic realism. This novel by Etienne van Heerden is particularly interesting as the theme of art is directly intertwined with magic realism. The specific relationship between artistry and magic realism in “The long silence of Mario Salviati” has not been the focus of any particular study yet. Several artists in the novel will be analysed within the context of magic realism and according to magic realist characteristics to give an integrated perspective on style and theme. This investigation largely conjoins with the viewpoints of Faris (1995, although perspectives from other theorists are also taken as a point of departure. Some important characteristics of magic realist texts which are discussed within the context of artistry in “The long silence of Mario Salviati” are inter alia the co-existence of two worlds, doubts from the reader concerning the interpretation of events as realist or magical, the questioning of conventional ideas about time, space and identity, the anti-bureaucratic viewpoint and the focus on collective rather than individual memory.

  11. Mario Muñoz, el médico del Moncada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia I. Osorio Curbelo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Nació en Colón, Matanzas, el 26 de julio de 1912, hijo de Marcelino Muñoz Zurra, natural de Roque, Colón, de profesión fotógrafo y de Catalina Monroy Artiles, natural de Colon. Estudió la primera enseñanza y la secundaria en el Instituto de Colón. Obtuvo el Título de Bachiller en Ciencias y Letras a los 21 años, en el Instituto de Segunda Enseñanza de La Habana, el 28 de agosto de 1934. Ingresó en la Universidad de La Habana, en el curso académico de 1934-1935, donde matriculó la carrera de Medicina. En ese momento existía una gran crisis política, económica y social en Cuba, pues el estudiantado se encontraba en franca rebeldía contra el tirano Machado, y Mario Muñoz Monroy ingresó en el directorio estudiantil universitario. Fue uno de los líderes de la histórica huelga de marzo de 1935. El 5 de febrero 1942 logró por fin habiendo regresado a las aulas, hacer su ejercicio de grado, obteniendo nota de sobresaliente, graduándose el 16 de marzo. Vestía bata blanca y trataba con humildad a sus semejantes. Algunos le criticaban, porque cuando el paciente le necesitaba no le preguntaba si tenía dinero para pagar, le atendía sin miramientos... En la década de los años 50 del siglo XX, Mario Muñoz Monroy, en la ciudad de Colón, provincia de Matanzas, estaba al tanto de las noticias, sabía que el futuro de la Patria no podría ser el de golpes de estado, represión, tiranía e inconstitucionalidad. Antes combatió a Gerardo Machado, porque amaba la justicia, era hombre cabal, por eso no dudó en enrolarse en el movimiento que pasó a la historia como la Generación del Centenario. De su casa de la calle Diago, hoy Museo Casa de los Mártires del Moncada, en Colón, partió en su auto hacia Santiago de Cuba para encontrarse con la historia. (1 Cumplía 41 años de edad, y es conocido su diálogo con Fidel Castro, líder del grupo de jóvenes martianos y revolucionarios que asaltaron la madrugada en aquel julio caluroso y

  12. Calculus super review

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Get all you need to know with Super Reviews! Each Super Review is packed with in-depth, student-friendly topic reviews that fully explain everything about the subject. The Calculus I Super Review includes a review of functions, limits, basic derivatives, the definite integral, combinations, and permutations. Take the Super Review quizzes to see how much you've learned - and where you need more study. Makes an excellent study aid and textbook companion. Great for self-study!DETAILS- From cover to cover, each in-depth topic review is easy-to-follow and easy-to-grasp - Perfect when preparing for

  13. Algebra & trigonometry super review

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Get all you need to know with Super Reviews! Each Super Review is packed with in-depth, student-friendly topic reviews that fully explain everything about the subject. The Algebra and Trigonometry Super Review includes sets and set operations, number systems and fundamental algebraic laws and operations, exponents and radicals, polynomials and rational expressions, equations, linear equations and systems of linear equations, inequalities, relations and functions, quadratic equations, equations of higher order, ratios, proportions, and variations. Take the Super Review quizzes to see how much y

  14. Mario Benedetti: la sencilla complejidad de un poeta entrañable

    OpenAIRE

    Martha Canfield

    2013-01-01

    La poesía de Mario Benedetti, que una parte de la crítica ha querido ver como simple e inmediata, después de un análisis más detallado se revela profunda de contenidos y formalmente muy compleja, tanto por la riqueza de referencias culturales como por la vasta red de intertextualidades y la refinada composición métrica. El presente estudio analiza estos aspectos de su poética a través de composiciones diseminadas en toda su obra y muy en especial en la novela-poema El cumpleaños de Juan Ángel...

  15. Mario Vargas Llosa, la creación y la crítica

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Ariza, Guadalupe

    2009-01-01

    El estudio «Mario Vargas Llosa, la creación y la crítica» se centra en una parcela de la obra del escritor peruano, que abarca las diversas realizaciones genéricas (la novela, el teatro, el ensayo) e integra un amplio periodo temporal: desde La orgía perpetua (1975) hasta El viaje a la ficción (2008), además de otras obras, tales como la novela histórica La guerra del fin del mundo, la pieza teatral La Señorita de Tacna y las novelas de arte, Elogio de la madrastra y Los cuadernos de don Rigo...

  16. Gel state of the fictional body in Mario Bellatin’s 'Rosa Canina' and "Flores"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Jasinski

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mario Bellatin creates a peculiar "space of sense" in fiction, related to the visual and per­formatic expressions of language. So, his literary project presents writing as body language, a terri­tory of significance constantly deterritorialized by sensations connected to the narrative game, with images and symbols in the literary actions. A sense of creative destruction constitutes the paradox expressed by fiction as body and by the body as fiction, in what we call Bellatin’s "nomadic writing", by means of the abnormality of the characters, their sexuality and religiosity, as one can note in Flo­res (2000, especially in "Rosa canina", published online by Cosac Naify in 2009. The position adopted by the protagonist in this work seems to indicate a specific "regime of signification”, as Josefina Ludmer puts it, according to which art and reality, fiction and biography blur their borders in a “gel state exchange”.

  17. Causas de los Procesos Comportamentales: Un diálogo con Mario Bunge

    OpenAIRE

    Hurtado-Parrado, Camilo; University of Manitoba; Virues-Ortega, Javier; University of Manitoba & St.Amant Research Centre; Martin, Toby; University of Manitoba; Julio, Flávia; University of Manitoba

    2011-01-01

    Mario A. Bunge es uno de los filósofos y humanistas más prominentes de nuestra época. Su amplio número de publicaciones ha cubierto muchos campos, entre otros, epistemología, ontología, ética, filosofía de la ciencia natural y social, filosofía de la tecnología, y filosofía de la mente. Un tópico que intercepta muchas de estas áreas y que es recurrente en el trabajo de Bunge es la causalidad. Su análisis de causación, causa principal, y la redefinición de determinismo ha sido aplicado a difer...

  18. Studying a new shape for mechanical impedance matchers in Mario Schenberg transducers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frajuca, Carlos; da Silva Bortoli, Fabio; Simao Magalhaes, Nadja

    2006-03-01

    ``Mario Schenberg'' is a spherical resonant-mass gravitational wave (GW) detector that is expected to be part of a GW detection array of two detectors. Another one is been built in The Netherlands. Their resonant frequencies will be around 3 kHz with a bandwidth of about 200 Hz. This range of frequencies is new in a field where the typical frequencies lay below 1 kHz, making the transducer development much more complex. Some studies indicated that the use of low mass mechanical resonators (used for impedance matching to the parametric transducer, in a cold damping regime) allows the detector to reach the standard quantum limit. In this work we describe the study of a new shape for the impedance matching resonator used to obtain a better coupling between the sphere and the transducers and a better use of the space inside the experimental chamber.

  19. Studying a new shape for mechanical impedance matchers in Mario Schenberg transducers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frajuca, Carlos; Bortoli, Fabio da Silva; Magalhaes, Nadja Simao [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica de Sao Paulo, Rua Pedro Vicente 625, Sao Paulo, SP 01109-010 (Brazil)

    2006-03-02

    'Mario Schenberg' is a spherical resonant-mass gravitational wave (GW) detector that is expected to be part of a GW detection array of two detectors. Another one is been built in The Netherlands. Their resonant frequencies will be around 3 kHz with a bandwidth of about 200 Hz. This range of frequencies is new in a field where the typical frequencies lay below 1 kHz, making the transducer development much more complex. Some studies indicated that the use of low mass mechanical resonators (used for impedance matching to the parametric transducer, in a cold damping regime) allows the detector to reach the standard quantum limit. In this work we describe the study of a new shape for the impedance matching resonator used to obtain a better coupling between the sphere and the transducers and a better use of the space inside the experimental chamber.

  20. Mario Vargas Llosa, la creación y la crítica

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Ariza, Guadalupe

    2009-01-01

    El estudio «Mario Vargas Llosa, la creación y la crítica» se centra en una parcela de la obra del escritor peruano, que abarca las diversas realizaciones genéricas (la novela, el teatro, el ensayo) e integra un amplio periodo temporal: desde La orgía perpetua (1975) hasta El viaje a la ficción (2008), además de otras obras, tales como la novela histórica La guerra del fin del mundo, la pieza teatral La Señorita de Tacna y las novelas de arte, Elogio de la madrastra y Los cuadernos de don Rigo...

  1. EL CAPÍTULO PCP-SL EN LA NARRATIVA DE MARIO VARGAS LLOSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucero de Vivanco

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda cuatro textos narrativos del escritor peruano Mario Vargas Llosa relacionados con la violencia que se vivió en Perú en el contexto de la guerra entre Sendero Luminoso y el Estado: las novelas Historia de Mayta y Lituma en los Andes y los documentos Informe de Uchuraccay e Historia de una matanza. La lectura que hago parte problematizando los supuestos teóricos planteados por el escritor en La verdad de las mentiras en relación con la "verdad" de la literatura y su independencia con respecto a la realidad. Desde este lugar crítico, propongo que sus teorías no solo son problemáticas en sí mismas cuando se trata de narrar la violencia, sino que no son coincidentes con las prácticas culturales de sus lectores, razón por la cual los debates se encienden en la escena ideológica y la cuestión de la referencialidad se vuelve lucha política.The present article focuses on four narrative texts by Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa that deal with the war between Shining Path and the Peruvian state: the novels Historia de Mayta and Lituma en los Andes, and the documents Informe de Uchuraccay and Historia de una matanza. My reading begins by discussing the writer's theories about "truth" in literature and its independence from reality as shown in La verdad de las mentiras. From this critical position, I propose that these theories are not only problematic in themselves when narrating violence, but also that they do not match with his readers' cultural practices. This point has led to incensed discussions in ideological debates, turning the question of referentiality into a problem of political struggle.

  2. Standardized assessment system in Chile: share of Mario Leyton Soto and Erika Himmel König

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime CAICEO ESCUDERO

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Educational evaluation, as the science of education, began to be developed and applied in Chile only starting from the sixties of the last century. Indeed, several Chilean educators were to his PhD to United States of America in these areas; among them are Mario Leyton and Erika Himmel, who specialized in curriculum and evaluation, through the approaches of Tyler and Bloom. Therefore, both were actively involved in the introduction into the country of two measurement systems: (1 selection for admission to the University, creating a standardized test, the academic aptitude test –paa– which was established from 1967 and remained until 2002 and from 2003 to date was changed to the university selection test –psu–; initially the paa contained only verbal and mathematical aptitude tests; knowledge tests were subsequently added specific (in mathematics, biology, physics, chemistry and Sciences social. (2 the measurement of achievements educational system school, both in basic education and medium from the 1970s with the called initially program of evaluation of educational achievement –per– and, subsequently, with the system of measurement of the quality of the teaching –simce–, which applies from 1988 until today, at the national level and at various levels of the school system: 4.° Basic, 8.° Basic and 2.° Medium, especially with tests of language and communication and mathematics. Both initiatives were directly involved Mario Leyton and Erika Himmel; the first to key positions in the Ministry of Education and the second as academic of the University of Chile and the Catholic University of Chile. Therefore, both have been recognized by the State with the National Prize of Sciences of Education in 2009 and 2011, respectively.

  3. Super Tomboy Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Sparked by Super Girl, the androgynous look is in among Chinese youth On September 8, this year's top six contestants on the Super Girl television show, a singing contest for young women, stepped into the spotlight. Nearly none of them had long black hair or wore evening gowns, traditionally associated with beauty in China. Rather, they

  4. Teoría política posfundacional en La guerra del fin del mundo de Mario Vargas Llosa: ¿Canudos postestructuralista?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martín Retamozo

    2011-01-01

    .... A remarkable exception to this can be found in the novel La guerra del fin del mundo by Mario Vargas Llosa, not because the author dedicates himself to political theory but because of the complicity...

  5. Mario Bunge en la Universidad Nacional de La Plata : Breve testimonio de su visita en el año 2000

    OpenAIRE

    Bunge, Mario

    2000-01-01

    Radio Universidad Nacional de La Plata registra un breve testimonio del Dr. Mario Bunge en su visita a la UNLP en el año 2000. Resalta su paso por esta Universidad, así como las características de la misma. Mario Augusto Bunge: nació en Buenos Aires el 21 de septiembre de 1919. Físico y filósofo, se graduó en la UNLP en 1952. Reside en Montreal (Canadá).

  6. TITLE: A comparative study between Five Hours with Mario by Miguel Delibes and A Gentil Creature by Fiodor Dostoievsky. TÍTULO: Un estudio comparativo entre Cinco horas con Mario de Miguel Delibes y Una criatura gentil de Fiodor Dostoievsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivka Bihar

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: This study aims to show the thematic similarities and parallels that lie between the narratives of two famous authors of different places, cultures and eras; Miguel Delibes in "Five Hours with Mario" and Fyodor Dostoyevsky in "A Gentle Creature". The study will mainly focus on "Five Hours with Mario" -for being published more recently- trying to demonstrate the characteristics and features of the theme of the novel as to trace it back and later on to link it to its possible antecedent and source of influence: Dostoyevsky. In the conclusion, the similarities of the two narratives will be analyzed thoroughly according to their thematic aspects as well as the fictional ones as to give the reader a clear comparison of both narratives that are in question. RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio es mostrar las semejanzas y los paralelos que se producen entre las narrativas de dos autores famosos de distintos países, culturas y épocas; Miguel Delibes en "Cinco horas con Mario" y Fiodor Dostoievsky en "Una criatura gentil". El estudio se centrará principalmente en "Cinco horas con Mario" -por ser su publicación relativamente reciente- intentando demostrar las características y los rasgos temáticos de la novela para luego determinar el origen y vincularlo a su posible antecedente analizando la influencia de Dostoievsky. En la conclusión, para ofrecer al lector una comparación clara de las novelas analizadas, las semejanzas de las dos narrativas son analizadas rigurosamente tanto por lo que respecta a sus aspectos temáticos como a los ficticios.

  7. Nonlinear Super Integrable Couplings of Super Classical-Boussinesq Hierarchy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiuzhi Xing

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Nonlinear integrable couplings of super classical-Boussinesq hierarchy based upon an enlarged matrix Lie super algebra were constructed. Then, its super Hamiltonian structures were established by using super trace identity. As its reduction, nonlinear integrable couplings of the classical integrable hierarchy were obtained.

  8. Distinciones. Homenaje al Académico Mario Sánchez Medina.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraim Otero Ruiz

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Recipiendario de la Medalla Internacional “Hagedorn” de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Diabetes, otorgada en Punta del Este (Uruguay en noviembre de 2001 (Palabras introductorias a su Conferencia Inaugural del 1er Congreso Colombiano de Diabetes, Bogotá, octubre de 2001

    Honrosa tarea la de presentar ante ustedes al orador de esta noche. Quienes hemos sido sus amigos y colegas de especialidad en los últimos 45 años, podemos decir con certeza que Mario Sánchez Medina resume, en su persona y en su obra, la historia de la diabetes en Colombia. Por eso, nada más apropiado que sea él quien pronuncie la conferencia inaugural de este 1er. Congreso Colombiano de Diabetes sobre un tema que ha sido muy cercano a su corazón desde hace mucho: los aportes de la biología molecular a la terapéutica.

    Si consideramos que la práctica científica de la diabetología en Colombia tiene 50 años, la misma edad que acaba de cumplir la Sociedad Colombiana de Endocrinología, casi ese mismo tiempo tiene la incorporación de Mario a esas actividades, primero desde la cátedra de nutrición y después desde la Asociación Colombiana de Diabetes. Pues, al terminar su carrera de médico en la Universidad Nacional a mediados de los años cuarentas, Mario viaja a Buenos Aires a entrenarse en los dos campos que serían después la esencia de su ejercicio profesional; la diabetes, por un lado, y la alergia e inmunología, por el otro. Buenos Aires en 1945 era uno de los centros mundiales de la actividad diabetológica, casi tan importante como Inglaterra o como Boston: el Instituto de Fisiología del profesor Bernardo Houssay -cuyo busto en bronce preside la Sala de Juntas de nuestra Academiallevaba más de una década en sus experimentos clásicos sobre la relación entre diabetes y adenohipófisis, estudios que le valdrían al sabio argentino el premio Nobel en Fisiología y Medicina de 1947.

    El grupo de endocrin

  9. A Comparative Study between Five Hours with Mario by Miguel Delibes and A Gentil Creature by Fiodor Dostoievsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivka Bihar

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to show the thematic similarities and parallels that lie between the narratives of two famous authors of different places, cultures and eras; Miguel Delibes in Five Hours with Mario and Fyodor Dostoyevsky in A Gentle Creature. The study will mainly focus on Five Hours with Mario -for being published more recently- trying to demonstrate the characteristics and features of the theme of the novel as to trace it back and later on to link it to its possible antecedent and source of influence: Dostoyevsky. In the conclusion, the similarities of the two narratives will be analyzed thoroughly according to their thematic aspects as well as the fictional ones as to give the reader a clear comparison of both narratives that are in question.

  10. A Century of Chemical Dynamics Traced through the Nobel Prizes. 1995: Paul Crutzen, Sherwood Rowland, and Mario Molina

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Houten, Josh

    2002-10-01

    The 1995 Nobel Prize was awarded to Paul Crutzen, Sherwood Rowland, and Mario Molina "for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone". Collectively, their work established atmospheric chemistry as a major focus at the end of the twentieth century. The results have drawn attention to significant environmental issues in particular, the threat posed to the ozone layer by chlorofluorocarbons.

  11. Ultra-low phase noise 10 GHz oscillator to pump the parametric transducers of the Mario Schenberg gravitational wave detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrade, Luiz A [Divisao de Materiais, Centro Tecnico Aeroespacial, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP 12201-970 (Brazil); Costa, Cesar A [Divisao de Astrofisica, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, CP 515, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP 12201-970 (Brazil); Aguiar, Odylio D [Divisao de Astrofisica, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, CP 515, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP 12201-970 (Brazil); Frajuca, Carlos [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica de Sao Paulo, Rua Pedro Vicente 625, SP 01109-010 (Brazil); Mosso, Marbey M [CETUC, Centro de Estudos em Telecomunicacoes, PUC-RJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Podcameni, Abelardo [CETUC, Centro de Estudos em Telecomunicacoes, PUC-RJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Silva, Henrique J P P da [CETUC, Centro de Estudos em Telecomunicacoes, PUC-RJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Magalhaes, Nadja S [Instituto Tecnologica de Aeronautica, Departamento de FIsica, Praca Marechal Eduardo Gomes, 50, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP 12228-900 (Brazil)

    2004-03-07

    We developed a 10 GHz feedback oscillator with ultra-low phase noise. The oscillator was constructed to operate as the pump for the parametric transducers of the Mario Schenberg gravitational wave detector. We calculated the performance of the detector with this pump oscillator and determined how much improvement in phase noise would be necessary in order to reach the standard quantum limit in sensitivity.

  12. Super-resolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nasrollahi, Kamal; Moeslund, Thomas B.

    2014-01-01

    Super-resolution, the process of obtaining one or more high-resolution images from one or more low-resolution observations, has been a very attractive research topic over the last two decades. It has found practical applications in many real world problems in different fields, from satellite...... the contributions of different authors to the basic concepts of each group. Furthermore, common issues in super-resolution algorithms, such as imaging models and registration algorithms, optimization of the cost functions employed, dealing with color information, improvement factors, assessment of super...

  13. Assessing Believability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Togelius, Julian; Yannakakis, Georgios N.; Karakovskiy, Sergey

    2012-01-01

    We discuss what it means for a non-player character (NPC) to be believable or human-like, and how we can accurately assess believability. We argue that participatory observation, where the human assessing believability takes part in the game, is prone to distortion effects. For many games, a fairer...... (or at least complementary) assessment might be made by an external observer that does not participate in the game, through comparing and ranking the performance of human and non-human agents playing a game. This assessment philosophy was embodied in the Turing Test Track of the recent Mario AI...... Championship, where non-expert bystanders evaluated the human-likeness of several agents and humans playing a version of Super Mario Bros. We analyze the results of this competition. Finally, we discuss the possibilities for forming models of believability and of maximizing believability through adjusting game...

  14. HISTORIA DE UNA CRISIS: EL DIARIO DE MARIO GÓNGORA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leónidas Morales T.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo aborda como objeto el Diario del historiador chileno Mario Góngora (1915-1985, y, de manera específica, la modalidad de realización del género del diario íntimo que él ofrece. Según la hipótesis de lectura del artículo, esa modalidad de realización estaría definida por la presencia notoria en el Diario de Góngora de rasgos constitutivos de un género de la contabilidad mercantil propia de la tradición burguesa, el libro de cuentas, bajo cuya influencia justamente surge el diario como género moderno en la Europa del siglo xVII, pero que en Góngora parece ser un patrón actual y determinante. Las anotaciones del Diario aparecen así contaminadas con el sentido de una "cuenta" como contabilidad. Y lo que se cuenta día tras día en el Diario, es decir, el "capital" de Góngora, son lecturas interminables, infinitas, y, como precipitado de las lecturas, modelos de vida deseable (religiosa, política, matrimonial, pero que, asumidos biográficamente, acaban en fracaso. El Diario se cierra precisamente con una crisis general del sujeto. Siguiendo la línea de sentido del libro de cuenta, diría que el Diario termina con una "quiebra".The article examines the Diario by Chilean historian Mario Góngora (1915-1985, and specifically, its mode of realization of the private diary as a genre. According to the reading hypothesis, this mode of realization is defined in the Diario by the remarkable presence of features associated to a genre of mercantile accountancy in the bourgeois tradition: the ledger. The diary arose as a modern genre in Uih-century Europe under the influence of this kind of wrtiting. In Góngora this genre follows a pattern that is both dominant and consistent. The annotations in the Diario appear thus contaminated with the sense of a "record" as accountancy. And what is recorded day after day in the Diario, that is Góngora's "capital", are infinite, interminable readings and, amongst them, model lifestyles

  15. NETL Super Computer

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The NETL Super Computer was designed for performing engineering calculations that apply to fossil energy research. It is one of the world’s larger supercomputers,...

  16. Super-resolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nasrollahi, Kamal; Moeslund, Thomas B.

    2014-01-01

    and aerial imaging to medical image processing, to facial image analysis, text image analysis, sign and number plates reading, and biometrics recognition, to name a few. This has resulted in many research papers, each developing a new super-resolution algorithm for a specific purpose. The current......Super-resolution, the process of obtaining one or more high-resolution images from one or more low-resolution observations, has been a very attractive research topic over the last two decades. It has found practical applications in many real world problems in different fields, from satellite...... the contributions of different authors to the basic concepts of each group. Furthermore, common issues in super-resolution algorithms, such as imaging models and registration algorithms, optimization of the cost functions employed, dealing with color information, improvement factors, assessment of super...

  17. Super-Kamiokande

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magro, Lluís Martí

    2016-06-01

    The Super-Kamiokande experiment performs a large variety of studies, many of them in the neutrino sector. The archetypes are atmospheric neutrino (recently awarded with the Nobel prize for Mr. T. Kajita) and the solar neutrinos analyses. In these proceedings we report our latest results and present updates to indirect dark matter searches, our solar neutrino analysis and discuss the future upgrade of Super-Kamiokande by loading gadolinium into our ultra-pure water.

  18. The Super Girl Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG PEI

    2006-01-01

    @@ In recent years, Changsha,the capital city of Hunan Province, has become famous across China for its innovative TV channel, in particular the cultural phenomenon of the Super Girl talent show. And as far as culture goes, Hunan TV is merely a reflection of a renaissance happening in the city. Animation, music halls, drama festivals and a famous book market are just some of the city's cultural sectors that are benefiting from the fame and notoriety of the Super Girl show.

  19. The formation of super-rings

    CERN Document Server

    Tenorio-Tagle, G

    1980-01-01

    The author has calculated the collision of a small neutral cloud (surface density approximately 10/sup 19/ cm/sup -2/) with a constant density galactic disk. Through the collision, a large amount of energy is deposited in a small volume of the galaxy, resulting in a supersonic expansion of very hot (10/sup 6/-10/sup 7/K) gas into the Galaxy and out of the galactic disk. The expansion generates a large cavity (a super-ring) with physical characteristics (diameter, velocity of expansion, etc.) in agreement with the observations, and a large volume of hot low-density gas with properties similar to those of the observed coronal gas. (31 refs).

  20. Nonlinear Super Integrable Couplings of Super Dirac Hierarchy and Its Super Hamiltonian Structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤福财

    2012-01-01

    We construct nonlinear super integrable couplings of the super integrable Dirac hierarchy based on an enlarged matrix Lie superalgebra. Then its super Hamiltonian structure is furnished by super trace identity. As its reduction, we gain the nonlinear integrable couplings of the classical integrable Dirac hierarchy.

  1. Estado gel do corpo ficcional em 'Rosa canina' e "Flores", de Mario Bellatin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Jasinski

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Mario Bellatin cria um espaço de sentido peculiar na ficção, relacionado à expressão visual e performática da linguagem. Assim, escrever se apresenta como linguagem do corpo em seu projeto literário, um território de significância constantemente desterritorializado por sensações conectadas ao jogo narrativo, com imagens e símbolos, nas ações literárias. Um sentido de destruição criativa constitui o paradoxo expresso pela ficção como corpo e pelo corpo como ficção, naquilo que consideramos a “escrita nômade” de Bellatin, por meio da anormalidade dos personagens, da sua sexualidade e sua religiosidade, como se pode comprovar em Flores (2000, especialmente em “Rosa canina”, publicado online pela Cosac Naify em 2009. A posição adotada pelo protagonista nessa obra parece indicar um “regime de significação” específico, como entende Josefina Ludmer, segundo o qual arte e realidade, ficção e biografia apagam suas fronteiras num “estado gel do intercâmbio”.

  2. La huída en la obra de Mario Vargas Llosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    German Arce Ross

    Full Text Available Se trata de poner en perspectiva la mayor parte de novelas de Mario Vargas Llosa en función del tema de la huída, partiendo del hecho que é1 solicitó la nacionalidad Española inmediatamente después de haber perdido las elecciones para la Presidencia del Perú y de haber escrito El pez en el agua. Nuestro análisis intenta demostrar la importancia de la figura paterna – principalmente en el sentido de su ausencia y de sus bruscas reapariciones – en la cristalización sintomática del tema de la fuga. Es por eso que una analogía con la posición fóbica, en relación al padre o a sus substitutos, nos ha parecido pertinente. Teniendo como pivot el análisis de la forma, del contexto y del contenido de su libro de memorias, este trabajo definiría así las bases de una contribución literaria de la obra de Vargas Llosa a la clinica de la fobia.

  3. Construction and reality: Mario Bunge's scientific realism and the teaching of sciences through models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício Pietrocola

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we criticize the constructivist movement, which according to our view has overestimated the role of individual constructions, in detriment to the ontological dimension of scientific knowledge. It will be developed based on some critical papers directed to the constructivist movement and on an analysis of the reception of Thomas Kuhn's ideas by research in science teaching. One of our conclusions will suggest that constructivism does not place enough emphasis in the grasping of a reality that is associated to the physical world. That ends up reflecting a weakening of scientific knowledge in face of other forms of knowledge., establishing a kind of epistemological relativism among the various forms of knowing. In this sense, we present Mario Bunge's ideas on the role of models in science and their linkages to reality. Thus, we aim at minimizing the excesses contained in constructivist and realist theses, that is, the trend to view each human construction as an activity that does not have any links to the ontological dimension of the world, and to see all realism as a purge of human action.

  4. Planning to improve the mechanical quality factor in the transducer impedance matchers for Mario Schenberg detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frajuca, Carlos; Silva Bortoli, Fabio da [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica de Sao Paulo, Rua Pedro Vicente 625, Sao Paulo, SP 01109-010 (Brazil)

    2006-03-02

    Mario Schenberg is a spherical resonant-mass gravitational wave (GW) detector that will be part of a GW detection array of two detectors. Another one is been built in The Netherlands. Their resonant frequencies will be around 3.2 kHz with a bandwidth of about 200 Hz. This range of frequencies is new in a field where the typical frequencies lay below 1 kHz, making the transducer development much more complex. Some studies indicated that using low mass mechanical resonators (used for impedance matching to the parametric transducer, in a cold damping regime) allow the detector to reach the standard quantum limit. In this work we describe the procedures that are being developed to quickly test the mechanical quality factor of a very small resonator in the quest to find the best machining method and thermal annealing for the impedance matching resonator, one key part that makes a good coupling between the sphere and the transducer. The main goal is to optimize the mechanical quality factor in a reasonable time.

  5. Planning to improve the mechanical quality factor in the transducer impedance matchers for Mario Schenberg detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frajuca, Carlos; da Silva Bortoli, Fabio

    2006-03-01

    "Mario Schenberg" is a spherical resonant-mass gravitational wave (GW) detector that will be part of a GW detection array of two detectors. Another one is been built in The Netherlands. Their resonant frequencies will be around 3.2 kHz with a bandwidth of about 200 Hz. This range of frequencies is new in a field where the typical frequencies lay below 1 kHz, making the transducer development much more complex. Some studies indicated that using low mass mechanical resonators (used for impedance matching to the parametric transducer, in a cold damping regime) allow the detector to reach the standard quantum limit. In this work we describe the procedures that are being developed to quickly test the mechanical quality factor of a very small resonator in the quest to find the best machining method and thermal annealing for the impedance matching resonator, one key part that makes a good coupling between the sphere and the transducer. The main goal is to optimize the mechanical quality factor in a reasonable time.

  6. Deforming super Riemann surfaces with gravitinos and super Schottky groups

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Playle, Sam [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Torino and INFN, Sezione di Torino,Via P. Giuria 1, I-10125 Torino (Italy)

    2016-12-12

    The (super) Schottky uniformization of compact (super) Riemann surfaces is briefly reviewed. Deformations of super Riemann surface by gravitinos and Beltrami parameters are recast in terms of super Schottky group cohomology. It is checked that the super Schottky group formula for the period matrix of a non-split surface matches its expression in terms of a gravitino and Beltrami parameter on a split surface. The relationship between (super) Schottky groups and the construction of surfaces by gluing pairs of punctures is discussed in an appendix.

  7. Raspberry Pi super cluster

    CERN Document Server

    Dennis, Andrew K

    2013-01-01

    This book follows a step-by-step, tutorial-based approach which will teach you how to develop your own super cluster using Raspberry Pi computers quickly and efficiently.Raspberry Pi Super Cluster is an introductory guide for those interested in experimenting with parallel computing at home. Aimed at Raspberry Pi enthusiasts, this book is a primer for getting your first cluster up and running.Basic knowledge of C or Java would be helpful but no prior knowledge of parallel computing is necessary.

  8. SuperQuant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gorshkov, Vladimir; Verano-Braga, Thiago; Kjeldsen, Frank

    2015-01-01

    SuperQuant is a quantitative proteomics data processing approach that uses complementary fragment ions to identify multiple co-isolated peptides in tandem mass spectra allowing for their quantification. This approach can be applied to any shotgun proteomics data set acquired with high mass accura...... of the same proteins were close to the values typical for other precursor ion-based quantification methods. The raw data is deposited to ProteomeXchange (PXD001907). The developed node is available for testing at https://github.com/caetera/SuperQuantNode....

  9. Taxas de eventos para as fontes astrofísicas do detector Mario Schenberg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, C. S.; Araujo, J. C. N.; Miranda, O. D.; Aguiar, O. D.

    2003-08-01

    O detector de ondas gravitacionais Mario Schenberg será sensível a sinais que cheguem à Terra com amplitude h~10-21 e dentro da faixa em frequências que varia de 3,0 a 3,4 kHz. As principais fontes astrofísicas em condições de gerar um sinal detectável pela antena Schenberg são: colapsos estelares que produzam eventos do tipo supernova; instabilidades hidrodinâmicas em estrelas de nêutrons; excitação dos modos fluído (modos f) de estrelas de nêutrons; excitação dos primeiros modos quadrupolares de buracos negros com massa ~ 3,8 M¤; coalescências de estrelas de nêutrons e buracos negros em sistemas binários e, ainda, espiralações de mini-buracos negros. Neste trabalho nós determinamos as taxas de eventos para o Schenberg associadas a dois tipos de fontes: através da de-excitação dos modos f de estrelas de nêutrons e através da coalescência de mini-buracos negros de 0,5 M¤ (que atualmente têm sido colocados como possíveis candidatos a objetos massivos do halo Galáctico). Nós mostramos que esses tipos de fontes poderão produzir sinais em ondas gravitacionais com uma taxa em torno de um evento por ano dentro da banda do Schenberg.

  10. Thirteen years of integrated precipitable water derived by GPS at Mario Zucchelli Station, Antarctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierguido Sarti

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Since 1998, the Italian Antarctic Programme has been funding space geodetic activities based on the use of episodic and permanent global positioning system (GPS observations. As well as their exploitation in geodynamics, these data can be used to sense the atmosphere and to retrieve and monitor its water vapor content and variations. The surface pressure p and temperature Ts at the GPS tracking sites are necessary to compute the zenith hydrostatic delay (ZHD, and consequently, the precipitable water. At sites where no surface information is recorded, the p and Ts values can be retrieved from, e.g., global numerical weather prediction models. Alternatively, the site-specific ZHD values can be computed by interpolation of the ZHD values provided in a grid model (2.5° × 2.0°. We have processed the data series of the permanent GPS site TNB1 (Mario Zucchelli Station, Antarctica from 1998 to 2010, with the purpose of comparing the use of grid ZHD values as an alternative to the use of real surface records. With these approaches, we estimate almost 7 × 104 hourly values of precipitable water over 13 years, and we find discrepancies that vary between 1.8 (±0.2 mm in summer and 3.3 (±0.5 mm in winter. In addition, the discrepancies of the two solutions show a clear seasonal dependency. Radiosounding measurements were used to derive an independent series of precipitable water. These agree better with the GPS precipitable water derived from real surface data. However, the GPS precipitable water time series is dry biased, as it is ca. 77% of the total moisture measured by the radiosoundings. Both the GPS and radiosounding observations are processed through the most up-to-date strategies, to reduce known systematic errors.

  11. Caracterización del embarazo en adolescentes del policlínico Mario Pozo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darly Estrella Tamayo Arnedo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo, con el objetivo de caracterizar el embarazo en la adolescencia en el área de salud del policlínico “Mario Pozo”, en el municipio de Jesús Menéndez, provincia de Las Tunas, Cuba; durante los años 2012 y 2013. La muestra quedó constituida por 130 embarazadas adolescentes. Los datos fueron recopilados en los registros de la consulta municipal de genética y estadísticas y las variables empleadas fueron: grupos de edad, las que aportaron morbilidad grave, fallecidos y bajo peso, así como las interrupciones de embarazos por malformaciones congénitas. Para el procesamiento de los datos se utilizó la estadística descriptiva. Las adolescentes representaron el 14,36% del total de embarazadas registradas en los dos años del estudio, con mayor incidencia en el 2013, constituyendo un problema de salud del territorio. El grupo de 15 a 18 años tuvo la mayor contribución, con un 90% de los casos, las que aportaron el 20,89% de los recién nacidos bajo peso, el 18,18% de los fallecidos, el 30,76% de los niños menores de un año graves y el 34% de las malformaciones congénitas que fueron interrumpidas. La incidencia del embarazo en la adolescencia fue alta, siendo más significativa en la adolescencia tardía, repercutiendo cada año en la morbilidad y mortalidad infantil

  12. The Mario Vargas Llosa’s «niña mala»: Literary Descendant from the Picaresque?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna Pollarolo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship, from an intertextual  perspective, between Las travesuras de la niña mala by Mario Vargas Llosa (2006, and the picaresque genre developed in Spain during the 16th and 17th century. In order to achieve this aim, I will take into account the filiation discourse and the appearance of the picaresque canon, as well as the female picaresque works ignored by the critics. Vargas Llosa draws the character of the «niña mala» gathering charateristics which belong both to male and female picaro.

  13. Literatura, história e memória : uma leitura da poesia de Mario Benedetti

    OpenAIRE

    Corrêa, Maria de Nazaré Fonseca

    2013-01-01

    Este trabalho tem como objetivo estudar o entrelaçamento de literatura, história e memória na poesia de Mario Benedetti, cujos temas abordam os fatos sociais e políticos acontecidos no Uruguai durante o período de ditadura (1973-1985). A realidade dos abusos e excessos cometidos nesses anos se manifesta nos poemas como uma forma de resistência e enfrentamento da dor. Na poesia de Benedetti, a memória assume o papel fundamental d...

  14. A relevância da epistemologia de Mario Bunge para o ensino de ciências

    OpenAIRE

    Cupani, Alberto Osmar; UFSC - Santa Catarina; Pietrocola, Maurício; UFSC - Santa Catarina

    2002-01-01

    Abordaremos neste trabalho a epistemologia de Mario Bunge e mostraremos a sua relevância para se enfrentar alguns problemas presentes no contexto do ensino das ciências. Em particular, apresentaremos a forma como Bunge concebe as ligações do conhecimento científico com o mundo real através da produção de leis, teorias e modelos. As explicações têm um lugar de destaque na sua obra e mostraremos como sua maneira de concebê-las no contexto da produção científica traz implicaçõe...

  15. Vida sin obra: escritura inoperante en El discurso vacío de Mario Levrero

    OpenAIRE

    Borg Oviedo, Matías

    2012-01-01

    La novela de Mario Levrero El discurso vacío, escrita en forma de diario, se propone como una rutina de ejercicios que tienen como premisa la capacidad de la escritura de actuar sobre la conducta de quien escribe. Se plantea a la escritura como el medio para construir una forma-de-vida, donde el trabajo sobre la “forma” de la palabra (la grafía) supone un trabajo simultáneo sobre la forma-de-vida. Se trata de la narración de una vida donde ésta no es una obra sino un proceso objeto de una ...

  16. Vida sin obra: escritura inoperante en El discurso vacío de Mario Levrero

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    La novela de Mario Levrero El discurso vacío, escrita en forma de diario, se propone como una rutina de ejercicios que tienen como premisa la capacidad de la escritura de actuar sobre la conducta de quien escribe. Se plantea a la escritura como el medio para construir una forma-de-vida, donde el trabajo sobre la “forma” de la palabra (la grafía) supone un trabajo simultáneo sobre la forma-de-vida. Se trata de la narración de una vida donde ésta no es una obra sino un proceso objeto de una ...

  17. "Super Roman Pots"

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN PhotoLab

    1975-01-01

    Remotely controlled re-entrant vacuum vessels, with very thin (0.17 mm) central windows, that will be installed in each downstream arm of intersection I-8. Detectors for a coming physics experiment, placed inside these "Super Roman Pots", can be moved very close to the circulating ISR beams.

  18. A Super Roman Pot

    CERN Multimedia

    1975-01-01

    Remotely controlled re-entrant vacuum vessels, with very thin (0.17 mm) central windows, that were installed in each downstream arm of the ISR intersection I-8. Detectors placed inside these Super Roman Pots could be moved very close to the circulating ISR beams. (See Annual Report 1974 p. 110.)

  19. Del papel a las tablas: el proceso transductivo de Cinco horas con Mario, de Delibes (Novela, versiones, representaciones teatrales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valles Calatrava, José R.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this article takes the task of carrying out a comparative analysis between the novel Cinco horas con Mario by Miguel Delibes, two drama script versions written in 1979 and 2001 and finally two theatrical plays based in the previous ones and performed in 1979 and 2003. From a methodological point of view, we first take into consideration the dramatic potential or adaptability of the novel. We then study the text changes implemented to the two drama versions in comparison with novel, as well as the internal similarities and differences. Lastly, we analyze the specifics in communication and performance of the theatrical plays, comparing them to their respective previous written texts.La finalidad de este artículo consiste en realizar un análisis comparativo entre la novela de Miguel Delibes Cinco horas con Mario, sus dos versiones dramáticas realizadas en 1979 y 2001 y dos de las representaciones teatrales basadas en las anteriores y efectuadas en 1979 y 2003. Metodológicamente, se examinan primero las potencialidades teatrales o valores de «adaptabilidad» de la novela; se estudian después las alteraciones textuales generadas con respecto a la obra narrativa por las dos versiones dramáticas, así como sus similitudes y diferencias internas; se acaban analizando por último las especificidades tanto comunicativas como escénicas aportadas por las citadas representaciones teatrales frente a sus distintos antetextos escritos.

  20. El Empacto De La Censura En Cinco Horas Con Mario De Miguel Delibes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelaal Taha

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN DEL TRABAJO Desde el establecimiento del Régimen franquista se creó el organismo de la censura que controlaba todo tipo de producción creativa e intelectual, entre ésta la novela. El insigne novelista español Miguel Delibes escribió su obra “Cinco horas con Mario” para difundir algunas ideas no afines al régimen, describir la escena sociopolítica del país y criticar algunos aspectos de la Dictadura. La obra cuenta la vida de un matrimonio español en las décadas posteriores a la Guerra Civil hasta 1966. Se trata de un prólogo, 27 capítulos y un epílogo. Los 27 capítulos, encabezados por textos bíblicos, son un monólogo larguísimo, en el cual la esposa de Mario cuenta su vida con su marido y la de su patria, antes que le entierran, muerto ya, y puesto en su despacho. Dado el carácter crítico de la obra, el autor utilizó diversas técnicas para escapar del control del organismo opresor. Éstas son aspectos costumbristas, de adulación, y desconcertantes. La característica general de todas estas es el uso del “perspectivismo irónico”, se trata de decir cosas autorizadas por parte del Régimen de una forma irónica que convierte los elogios en críticas. Las conclusiones son las siguientes: • La peligrosidad de ejercer la “autocensura”, pues, hace difícil al autor transmitir su mensaje con la claridad deseada. • Llamar la atención sobre la gran pérdida que sufrió el pueblo español debido a la actividad dañina de la censura. • La necesidad de estudiar otras obras similares para obtener resultados generales y cuantificar la magnitud del daño hecho por la censura.

  1. SuperSegger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stylianidou, Stella; Brennan, Connor; Nissen, Silas B

    2016-01-01

    -colonies with many cells, facilitating the analysis of cell-cycle dynamics in bacteria as well as cell-contact mediated phenomena. This package has a range of built-in capabilities for characterizing bacterial cells, including the identification of cell division events, mother, daughter, and neighboring cells......Many quantitative cell biology questions require fast yet reliable automated image segmentation to identify and link cells from frame-to-frame, and characterize the cell morphology and fluorescence. We present SuperSegger, an automated MATLAB-based image processing package well......-suited to quantitative analysis of high-throughput live-cell fluorescence microscopy of bacterial cells. SuperSegger incorporates machine-learning algorithms to optimize cellular boundaries and automated error resolution to reliably link cells from frame-to-frame. Unlike existing packages, it can reliably segment micro...

  2. NASA Super Pressure Balloon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fairbrother, Debbie

    2017-01-01

    NASA is in the process of qualifying the mid-size Super Pressure Balloon (SPB) to provide constant density altitude flight for science investigations at polar and mid-latitudes. The status of the development of the 18.8 million cubic foot SPB capable of carrying one-tone of science to 110,000 feet, will be given. In addition, the operating considerations such as launch sites, flight safety considerations, and recovery will be discussed.

  3. Super-diversité

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Crul, M.R.J.; Schneider, J.; Lelie, F.

    2013-01-01

    Le concept de super-diversité, en cernant les conditions d'un scénario 'avenir optimiste, offre un nouvel éclairage au débat sur l'intégration. Nous sommes à la croisée des chemins. Cette étude comparative internationale montre qu'un avenir souriant se profile dans les villes qui donnent des chances

  4. Performing the Super Instrument

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallionpaa, Maria

    2016-01-01

    The genre of contemporary classical music has seen significant innovation and research related to new super, hyper, and hybrid instruments, which opens up a vast palette of expressive potential. An increasing number of composers, performers, instrument designers, engineers, and computer programmers...... provides the performer extensive virtuoso capabilities in terms of instrumental range, harmony, timbre, or spatial, textural, acoustic, technical, or technological qualities. The discussion will be illustrated by a composition case study involving augmented musical instrument electromagnetic resonator...

  5. Performing the Super Instrument

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallionpaa, Maria

    2016-01-01

    provides the performer extensive virtuoso capabilities in terms of instrumental range, harmony, timbre, or spatial, textural, acoustic, technical, or technological qualities. The discussion will be illustrated by a composition case study involving augmented musical instrument electromagnetic resonator......The genre of contemporary classical music has seen significant innovation and research related to new super, hyper, and hybrid instruments, which opens up a vast palette of expressive potential. An increasing number of composers, performers, instrument designers, engineers, and computer programmers...

  6. Characterising Super-Earths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valencia D.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The era of Super-Earths has formally begun with the detection of transiting low-mass exoplanets CoRoT-7b and GJ 1214b. In the path of characterising super-Earths, the first step is to infer their composition. While the discovery data for CoRoT-7b, in combination with the high atmospheric mass loss rate inferred from the high insolation, suggested that it was a rocky planet, the new proposed mass values have widened the possibilities. The combined mass range 1−10 M⊕ allows for a volatile-rich (and requires it if the mass is less than 4 M⊕ , an Earth-like or a super-Mercury-like composition. In contrast, the radius of GJ 1214b is too large to admit a solid composition, thus it necessarily to have a substantial gas layer. Some evidence suggests that within this gas layer H/He is a small but non-negligible component. These two planets are the first of many transiting low-mass exoplanets expected to be detected and they exemplify the limitations faced when inferring composition, which come from the degenerate character of the problem and the large error bars in the data.

  7. Super Fuzzy Matrices and Super Fuzzy Models for Social Scientists

    CERN Document Server

    Kandasamy, W B Vasantha; Amal, K

    2008-01-01

    This book introduces the concept of fuzzy super matrices and operations on them. This book will be highly useful to social scientists who wish to work with multi-expert models. Super fuzzy models using Fuzzy Cognitive Maps, Fuzzy Relational Maps, Bidirectional Associative Memories and Fuzzy Associative Memories are defined here. The authors introduce 13 multi-expert models using the notion of fuzzy supermatrices. These models are described with illustrative examples. This book has three chapters. In the first chaper, the basic concepts about super matrices and fuzzy super matrices are recalled. Chapter two introduces the notion of fuzzy super matrices adn their properties. The final chapter introduces many super fuzzy multi expert models.

  8. Super-quantum curves from super-eigenvalue models

    CERN Document Server

    Ciosmak, Paweł; Manabe, Masahide; Sułkowski, Piotr

    2016-01-01

    In modern mathematical and theoretical physics various generalizations, in particular supersymmetric or quantum, of Riemann surfaces and complex algebraic curves play a prominent role. We show that such supersymmetric and quantum generalizations can be combined together, and construct supersymmetric quantum curves, or super-quantum curves for short. Our analysis is conducted in the formalism of super-eigenvalue models: we introduce $\\beta$-deformed version of those models, and derive differential equations for associated $\\alpha/\\beta$-deformed super-matrix integrals. We show that for a given model there exists an infinite number of such differential equations, which we identify as super-quantum curves, and which are in one-to-one correspondence with, and have the structure of, super-Virasoro singular vectors. We discuss potential applications of super-quantum curves and prospects of other generalizations.

  9. Super-quantum curves from super-eigenvalue models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciosmak, Paweł; Hadasz, Leszek; Manabe, Masahide; Sułkowski, Piotr

    2016-10-01

    In modern mathematical and theoretical physics various generalizations, in particular supersymmetric or quantum, of Riemann surfaces and complex algebraic curves play a prominent role. We show that such supersymmetric and quantum generalizations can be combined together, and construct supersymmetric quantum curves, or super-quantum curves for short. Our analysis is conducted in the formalism of super-eigenvalue models: we introduce β-deformed version of those models, and derive differential equations for associated α/ β-deformed super-matrix integrals. We show that for a given model there exists an infinite number of such differential equations, which we identify as super-quantum curves, and which are in one-to-one correspondence with, and have the structure of, super-Virasoro singular vectors. We discuss potential applications of super-quantum curves and prospects of other generalizations.

  10. Super-quantum curves from super-eigenvalue models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ciosmak, Paweł [Faculty of Mathematics, Informatics and Mechanics, University of Warsaw,ul. Banacha 2, 02-097 Warsaw (Poland); Hadasz, Leszek [M. Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University,ul. Łojasiewicza 11, 30-348 Kraków (Poland); Manabe, Masahide [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw,ul. Pasteura 5, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland); Sułkowski, Piotr [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw,ul. Pasteura 5, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland); Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics, California Institute of Technology,1200 E. California Blvd, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2016-10-10

    In modern mathematical and theoretical physics various generalizations, in particular supersymmetric or quantum, of Riemann surfaces and complex algebraic curves play a prominent role. We show that such supersymmetric and quantum generalizations can be combined together, and construct supersymmetric quantum curves, or super-quantum curves for short. Our analysis is conducted in the formalism of super-eigenvalue models: we introduce β-deformed version of those models, and derive differential equations for associated α/β-deformed super-matrix integrals. We show that for a given model there exists an infinite number of such differential equations, which we identify as super-quantum curves, and which are in one-to-one correspondence with, and have the structure of, super-Virasoro singular vectors. We discuss potential applications of super-quantum curves and prospects of other generalizations.

  11. El etnocentrismo radical en La utopía arcaica y La civilización del espectáculo, de Mario Vargas Llosa

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Cozman, Camilo

    2016-01-01

    Este artículo sustenta que hay un etnocentrismo radical en dos libros de ensayo de Mario Vargas Llosa: La utopía arcaica y La civilización del espectáculo. En tal sentido, el escritor peruano no reconoce una racionalidad mítica y concibe que la cultura letrada es superior a la cultura oral.

  12. [Suya es la radio : 50 aniversario de Radio Alcoy, entrevista a Mario Silvestre, Antonio Doménech y Tomás Gisbert

    OpenAIRE

    Radio Alcoy; Rubio Orsi, Lorenzo; Gallego Fernández, María Llanos; Gisbert, Tomás; Doménech, Antonio; Cremades Zaragoza, Remigio; Esplugues Jordá, Francisco; Silvestre Pons, Mario

    1981-01-01

    Grabación conmemorativa por el cincuentenario de la emisora EAJ-12, Radio Alcoy en base a los recuerdos de tres locutores históricos de la emisora: Mario Silvestre, Antonio Doménech y Tomás Gisbert

  13. Efraín Kristal. Temptation of the Word. The Novels of Mario Vargas Llosa. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1998. 256 pp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Esparza

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de Efraín Kiistal sobre las novelas de Mario VargasLlosa se centra en el análisis del proceso creativo del autor, en losdiálogos que entabla con otros trabajos literarios y en la transformaciónde la experiencia vital en sus textos ficcionales.

  14. Super insulating aerogel glazing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Jørgen Munthe; Jensen, Karsten Ingerslev; Kristiansen, Finn Harken

    2004-01-01

    Monolithic silica aerogel offers the possibility of combining super insulation and high solar energy transmittance, which has been the background for a previous and a current EU project on research and development of monolithic silica aerogel as transparent insulation in windows. Generally, windows...... form the weakest part of the thermal envelope with respect to heat loss coefficient, but on the other hand also play an important role for passive solar energy utilisation. For window orientations other than south, the net energy balance will be close to or below zero. However, the properties...

  15. Super insulating aerogel glazing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Jørgen Munthe; Jensen, Karsten Ingerslev; Kristiansen, Finn Harken

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the application results of a previous and current EU-project on super insulating glazing based on monolithic silica aerogel. Prototypes measuring approx. 55´55 cm2 have been made with 15 mm evacuated aerogel between two layers of low-iron glass. Anti-reflective treatment...... of the glass and a heat-treatment of the aerogel increases the visible quality and the solar energy transmittance. A low-conductive rim seal solution with the required vacuum barrier properties has been developed along with a reliable assembly and evacuation process. The prototypes have a centre heat loss...

  16. Super-heptazethrene

    KAUST Repository

    Zeng, Wangdong

    2016-05-30

    The challenging synthesis of a laterally extended heptazethrene molecule, the super-heptazethrene derivative SHZ-CF3, is reported. This molecule was prepared using a strategy involving a multiple selective intramolecular Friedel–Crafts alkylation followed by oxidative dehydrogenation. Compound SHZ-CF3 exhibits an open-shell singlet diradical ground state with a much larger diradical character compared with the heptazethrene derivatives. An intermediate dibenzo-terrylene SHZ-2H was also obtained during the synthesis. This study provides a new synthetic method to access large-size quinoidal polycyclic hydrocarbons with unique physical properties.

  17. Can the History of Science Contribute to Modelling in Physics Teaching? - The Case of Galilean Studies and Mario Bunge's Epistemology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, Juliana; Braga, Marco Antônio Barbosa

    2016-07-01

    A characterization of the modelling process in science is proposed for science education, based on Mario Bunge's ideas about the construction of models in science. Galileo's Dialogues are analysed as a potentially fruitful starting point to implement strategies aimed at modelling in the classroom in the light of that proposal. It is argued that a modelling process for science education can be conceived as the evolution from phenomenological approaches towards more representational ones, emphasizing the role of abstraction and idealization in model construction. The shift of reference of theories—from sensible objects to conceptual objects—and the black-box models construction process, which are both explicitly presented features in Galileo's Dialogues, are indicated as highly relevant aspects for modelling in science education.

  18. La fisura irremediable: indígenas, regiones y nación en tres novelas de Mario Vargas Llosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de las Mercedes Ortiz Rodríguez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In his novels The Green House (1966, The Storyteller (1989 and Death in the Andes (1996, Mario Vargas Llosa reinforces the dominant visions in which the Peruvian Andes and jungle are portrayed as the realms of barbarism and savagery respectively—as opposed to the Coast, which is considered the civilized center of the nation. I discuss how he resuscitates topics like cannibalism and the extirpation of idolatries in colonial times, clearly employing the linear evolutionism of the nineteenth century. He uses these familiar tropes and images to characterize, as did his predecessors, indigenous people as savages, cannibals and pagans who constitute an obstacle for the development of Peru in a neoliberal and global world.

  19. Cronotopo de las ciudades en Travesuras de la niña mala, de Mario Vargas Llosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Saraí Fernández-López

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó una lectura cronotópica de la novela Travesuras de la niña mala, de Mario Vargas Llosa. Se hizo énfasis en el funcionamiento de las distintas ciudades en las que se desarrolla la trama como partes esenciales de la estructura argumentativa, la carga emotiva de estas urbes, las ideologías y las éticas implicadas, así como la evolución de los personajes según la metró- poli en la que van residiendo. También se analizó la relación entre la acción de los personajes, el contexto del autor y los acontecimientos representados, necesarios para conocer el sentido y la intención del texto.

  20. MARIO VARGAS LLOSA: LA FICCIONALIZACIÓN DE LA HISTORIA EN LA GUERRA DEL FIN DEL MUNDO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horst Nitschack

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available En la novela La Guerra del fin del mundo Mario Vargas Llosa presenta una reescritura y ficcionalización del texto fundacional Os Sertdes de Euclides da Cunha. El presente artículo sitúa esta novela en el momento de un cambio radical de las convicciones ideológicas y políticas de Mario Vargas Llosa en la década de los 70 y se propone analizar de qué manera las nuevas posiciones neoliberales asumidas por el autor se reflejan en la poética de la novela. Como argumento central se sostiene que en el proceso de ficcionalización del texto referencial de Euclides da Cunha se dejan descubrir dos estrategias: la primera es la individualización de la Historia, es decir, la narración privilegia las experiencias subjetivas de los protagonistas para explicar sus disposiciones a la violencia; en la segunda, la ficcionalización asume una paradoja: finge representar lo irrepresentable advirtiendo al mismo tiempo al lector que se trata solamente de ficción, es decir, ella responsabiliza al propio lector en qué medida él está dispuesto a identificar la narración con la 'verdad' histórica. En los dos casos nos encontramos frente a una poética que valoriza la responsabilidad individual y lo subjetivo en vez de la dependencia individual de lo colectivo y del compromiso de la narración con la historia objetiva.In the novel The War of the End of the World (La guerra del fin del mundo Mario Vargas Llosa presents a rewriting and fictionalization of Euclides da Cunha's foundational text Os Sertdes. The article relates this novel to the radical change in Mario Vargas Llosa's ideological and political convictions in the 1970s and intends to analyze how the author's neo-liberal positions are reflected in the poetics of this novel. The central argument is that in this process of fictionalization of Euclides da Cunha's text, two strategies can be discovered: the first being the individualization of History, that is, the narrative privileges the subjective

  1. Guerra vs comunità: la «Trilogia dell’Altipiano» di Mario Rigoni Stern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Di Benedetto

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available La Trilogia dell’Altipiano di Mario Rigoni Stern può essere considerata un’opera coerente per diversi motivi: le tre storie raccontate hanno una comune ambientazione geografica, la piana di Asiago, che presenta un legame molto forte con la popolazione locale; le vicende narrate si pongono in consequenzialità cronologica e mostrano figure che tornano in tutti e tre i testi, comprendendo anche personaggi della famiglia dell’autore. Tale coerenza narrativa si riflette nel messaggio della Trilogia, che è un messaggio di pace e di denuncia della guerra come elemento di distruzione della comunità umana, raffigurata emblematicamente dall’allegoria del ciliegio che torna in tutte e tre le narrazioni. Finita la guerra, alla comunità e alla natura si oppone il consumismo moderno, che cancella le tracce dell’antica civilità alpina e contro cui Rigoni Stern si impegna come custode della memoria attraverso la parola narrata.

  2. Psycho-neural Identity as the Basis for Empirical Research and Theorization in Psychology: An Interview with Mario A. Bunge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virues-Ortega, Javier; Hurtado-Parrado, Camilo; Martin, Toby L.; Julio, Flávia

    2012-10-01

    Mario Bunge is one of the most prolific philosophers of our time. Over the past sixty years he has written extensively about semantics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science and ethics. Bunge has been interested in the philosophical and methodological implications of modern psychology and more specifically in the philosophies of the relation between the neural and psychological realms. According to Bunge, functionalism, the philosophical stand of current psychology, has limited explanatory power in that neural processes are not explicitly acknowledged as components or factors of psychological phenomena. In Matter and Mind (2010), Bunge has elaborated in great detail the philosophies of the mind-brain dilemma and the basis of the psychoneural identity hypothesis, which suggests that all psychological processes can be analysed in terms of neural and physical phenomena. This article is the result of a long interview with Dr. Bunge on psychoneural identity and brain-behaviour relations.

  3. Mundo multiplo : uma analise do romance historico La guerra del fin del mundo, de Mario Vargas Llosa

    OpenAIRE

    Rinaldo Nunes Fernandes

    2002-01-01

    Resumo: Análise do romance histórico La guerra del fin del mundo (1981), do escritor peruano Mario Vargas Llosa, centrada nos personagens e nos vários pontos de vista. Num primeiro momento, há um quadro do debate sobre as relações entre Literatura e História. São apresentadas aqui, entre outras, as propostas de Hayden White, Paul Ricouer e Walter Mignolo. Em seguida, há uma abordagem da teoria do romance histórico de G. Lukács e da evolução (do séc. XIX ao séc. XX) do romance histórico hispan...

  4. A epistemologia de Mario Bunge e sua contribuição para o ensino de ciências

    OpenAIRE

    Westphal,Murilo; Pinheiro, Thais Cristine

    2004-01-01

    Apresenta-se parte da epistemologia de Mario Bunge, sua preocupação com a crise que se instaurou sobre a ciência e com o avanço de visões relativistas como as de Kuhn e Feyerabend. Destacam-se as divergências de opiniões e as muitas críticas que desenvolve no anseio de retorno ao realismo ontológico - seu maior interesse - razão de um progresso científico coeso e de uma aproximação consistente com a verdade. Faz-se referência, ainda, ao uso de tal epistemologia no ensino de ciências, mostrand...

  5. Los proyectos editoriales de Mario Verdaguer: la revista Mundo Ibérico y las editoriales Lux y Apolo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanz Roig, Diana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to analyze Mario Verdaguer’s publishing projects. Avant-garde novelist, critic, translator, painter and occasional poet and dramatist, Verdaguer kept a difficult balance between art and business. Searching an economical profit which turned the cultural goods trade into a trade like any other one, Verdaguer aimed to combine the new literature and the commercial, as shown by Mundo Ibérico’s conciliator will, and Lux’s and Apolo’s aesthetic bets. These publishing houses gave birth to avant-garde experiments, translations from well-known European authors, and, at the same time, travel books and novels for young ladies. Through his unpublished collected letters, this paper will go in depth into his publishing and translating activities and into his role as mediator between modernity and academism.Este trabajo se propone analizar los proyectos editoriales de Mario Verdaguer —novelista de vanguardia, crítico, traductor, pintor y ocasional escritor de poesía y teatro— que trató de mantener un no siempre fácil equilibrio entre el arte y los negocios. A la búsqueda de un beneficio económico que convertía el comercio de bienes culturales en un comercio como cualquier otro, Verdaguer se propuso conjugar la nueva literatura y la literatura comercial, como se pone de manifiesto en la voluntad integradora de la revista Mundo Ibérico, y en las apuestas literarias de las editoriales Lux y Apolo, que sacaron a la luz experimentos vanguardistas, traducciones de encumbrados escritores europeos, y, al mismo tiempo, libros de viajes o novelas para señoritas. A través de su correspondencia inédita, el presente artículo incidirá en su tarea de editor, traductor y director literario y en el papel de mediador que Verdaguer desempeñó entre la modernidad y el academicismo.

  6. Quantitative super-resolution microscopy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Harkes, Rolf

    2016-01-01

    Super-Resolution Microscopy is an optical fluorescence technique. In this thesis we focus on single molecule super-resolution, where the position of single molecules is determined. Typically these molecules can be localized with a 10 to 30nm precision. This technique is applied in four different s

  7. Super insulating aerogel glazing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Jørgen Munthe; Jensen, Karsten Ingerslev; Kristiansen, Finn Harken

    2004-01-01

    Monolithic silica aerogel offers the possibility of combining super insulation and high solar energy transmittance, which has been the background for a previous and a current EU project on research and development of monolithic silica aerogel as transparent insulation in windows. Generally, windows...... form the weakest part of the thermal envelope with respect to heat loss coefficient, but on the other hand also play an important role for passive solar energy utilisation. For window orientations other than south, the net energy balance will be close to or below zero. However, the properties...... of aerogel glazing will allow for a positive net energy gain even for north facing vertical windows in a Danish climate during the heating season. This means that high quality daylight can be obtained even with additional energy gain. On behalf of the partners of the two EU projects, results related...

  8. Xinjiang Girl World Super Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    Leading Chinese model Yue Mei won thetitle of World Super Model at the ’98 WorldSuper Model Competition held in FranceSeptember 6 - 17. Yue, a university studentfrom the Xinjiang Uygur AutonomousRegion, had won the top title at ’98 ChinaSuper Model Competition held in Beijingone month earier.After that, she underwentone month’s professional modeling trainingwith the New Silk Road ModelingManagement Company before setting off forthe world competition. In France, Yueimpressed the judges with her strikingfeatures, and display of oriental elegance and

  9. SuperB Progress Reports Accelerator

    CERN Document Server

    Biagini, Maria Enrica; Boscolo, M; Buonomo, B; Demma, T; Drago, A; Esposito, M; Guiducci, S; Mazzitelli, G; Pellegrino, L; Preger, M A; Raimondi, P; Ricci, R; Rotundo, U; Sanelli, C; Serio, M; Stella, A; Tomassini, S; Zobov, M; Bertsche, K; Brachman, A; Cai, Y; Chao, A; Chesnut, R; Donald, M.H; Field, C; Fisher, A; Kharakh, D; Krasnykh, A; Moffeit, K; Nosochkov, Y; Pivi, M; Seeman, J; Sullivan, M.K; Weathersby, S; Weidemann, A; Weisend, J; Wienands, U; Wittmer, W; Woods, M; Yocky, G; Bogomiagkov, A; Koop, I; Levichev, E; Nikitin, S; Okunev, I; Piminov, P; Sinyatkin, S; Shatilov, D; Vobly, P; Bosi, F; Liuzzo, S; Paoloni, E; Bonis, J; Chehab, R; Le Meur, G; Lepercq, P; Letellier-Cohen, F; Mercier, B; Poirier, F; Prevost, C; Rimbault, C; Touze, F; Variola, A; Bolzon, B; Brunetti, L; Jeremie, A; Baylac, M; Bourrion, O; De Conto, J M; Gomez, Y; Meot, F; Monseu, N; Tourres, D; Vescovi, C; Chanci, A; Napoly, O; Barber, D P; Bettoni, S; Quatraro, D

    2010-01-01

    This report details the present status of the Accelerator design for the SuperB Project. It is one of four separate progress reports that, taken collectively, describe progress made on the SuperB Project since the publication of the SuperB Conceptual Design Report in 2007 and the Proceedings of SuperB Workshop VI in Valencia in 2008.

  10. SuperB Progress Report: Detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Donvito, G.; Spinoso, V.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Manghisoni, M.; Re, V.; Traversi, G.; /INFN, Pavia /Bergamo U., Ingengneria Dept.; Eigen, G.; Fehlker, D.; Helleve, L.; /Bergen U.; Carbone, A.; Di Sipio, R.; Gabrielli, A.; Galli, D.; Giorgi, F.; Marconi, U.; Perazzini, S.; Sbarra, C.; Vagnoni, V.; Valentinetti, S.; Villa, M.; Zoccoli, A.; /INFN, Bologna /Bologna U. /Caltech /Carleton U. /Cincinnati U. /INFN, CNAF /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /UC, Irvine /Taras Shevchenko U. /Orsay, LAL /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Frascati /INFN, Legnaro /Orsay, IPN /Maryland U. /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Pavia /Pavia U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Perugia /Caltech /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /PNL, Richland /Queen Mary, U. of London /Rutherford /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome2 /Rome U.,Tor Vergata /INFN, Rome3 /Rome III U. /SLAC /Tel Aviv U. /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Padua /Trento U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /TRIUMF /British Columbia U. /Montreal U. /Victoria U.

    2012-02-14

    This report describes the present status of the detector design for SuperB. It is one of four separate progress reports that, taken collectively, describe progress made on the SuperB Project since the publication of the SuperB Conceptual Design Report in 2007 and the Proceedings of SuperB Workshop VI in Valencia in 2008.

  11. Estrategia metodológica para capacitar al tutor de la Vanguardia Mario Muñoz. Una experiencia camagüeyana Methodological strategy to qualify tutors of the vanguards movement Mario Muñoz. A Camagüeyan experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismet Batista Hernández

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available La insuficiente preparación teórica-metodológica de los tutores de la Vanguardia Mario Muñoz Monroy se identificó como el problema científico abordado en la tesis de maestría: Estrategia metodológica para capacitar al tutor de la “Vanguardia Mario Muñoz” de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey, por lo que se trazó como objetivo diseñar una estrategia metodológica dirigida a la capacitación de estos tutores de la carrera de Medicina. Se emplearon métodos del nivel empírico y teórico. Entre los resultados se destacaron: el diseño de la estrategia metodológica conformada por la planificación de talleres teórico-metodológicos para el perfeccionamiento de la labor del tutor de la Vanguardia Mario Muñoz y la elaboración de un material complementario.The insufficient theoretic-methodological preparation of tutors of the Vanguards movement Mario Muñoz Monroy has been identified as the scientific problem rose on the master’s degree thesis: Methodological strategy to qualify tutors of the Vanguards movement “Mario Muñoz” at Medical University in Camagüey. The main objective was to design a methodological strategy meant for tutors of Medical degree. Several theoretical and empirical methods were implemented. As a significant result it could be mentioned: the design of a methodological strategy conformed by the planning of theoretic-methodological workshops for the improvement of the tutors work within the movement and by the creation of a complementary material.

  12. REALIDADE E IMAGINAÇÃO NA LITERATURA DO EXÍLIO EM VIENTO DEL EXILIO, DE MARIO BENEDETTI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwirgens Aparecida Ribeiro Lopes de Almeida (UNIMONTES

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available

    O clima político dos países latino-americano nos últimos 50 anos do século XX teve impacto imediato no campo das letras. Esse cenário de ditaduras, censuras e perseguições levou inúmeros escritores a acreditar no poder transformador da literatura. Influenciados, sobretudo pela função de engajamento e crítica da literatura, surge, coeva àquele período dos anos 60 até a última década daquele século, a literatura considerada do exílio e, após as experiências de afastamento de seus países de origem, a literatura que representa um momento de retorno dos escritores, caracterizado pelo escritor uruguaio Mario Benedetti como literatura de “desexílio”. Essa literatura tanto de um, quanto de outro momento registra as experiências vividas, a realidade experimentada em seus países sendo revisitadas por meio da imaginação e da memória. Diante desses pressupostos, este texto tem o objetivo de examinar, por meio de reflexões em torno da memórias, de Maurice Halbwachs, de modo sucinto, alguns poemas da obra Viento del exilio, de Mario Benedetti, tendo em conta as estratégias utilizadas pelo autor para o leitor entrever, nas páginas literárias, o sonho, a esperança, a desilusão, as memórias, reminiscências da realidade de seu país, ao mesmo tempo em que divide ainda com esse seu interlocutor as inquietações e anseios pela incerteza do período em que vive, exilado de seu país.

    Palavras-chave: Literatura. História. Memória. Imaginação. Exílio.

  13. What's So Super about Superfoods?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with meals. The Skinny on Common Super Foods Salmon is a fatty fish that’s low in saturated ... soy nuts are high in polyunsaturated fat, fiber, vitamins and minerals but low in saturated fat. They ...

  14. Super Ministries,Better Administration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Chinese lawmakers on March 15th endorsed a State Counci l proposal for institutional overhaul of the tentral government,which involves the establishment of"super ministries"concerning energy,transport,industry and environmental protection.

  15. What are super-enhancers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pott, Sebastian; Lieb, Jason D

    2015-01-01

    The term 'super-enhancer' has been used to describe groups of putative enhancers in close genomic proximity with unusually high levels of Mediator binding, as measured by chromatin immunoprecipitation and sequencing (ChIP-seq). Here we review the identification and composition of super-enhancers, describe links between super-enhancers, gene regulation and disease, and discuss the functional significance of enhancer clustering. We also provide our perspective regarding the proposition that super-enhancers are a regulatory entity conceptually distinct from what was known before the introduction of the term. Our opinion is that there is not yet strong evidence that super-enhancers are a novel paradigm in gene regulation and that use of the term in this context is not currently justified. However, the term likely identifies strong enhancers that exhibit behaviors consistent with previous models and concepts of transcriptional regulation. In this respect, the super-enhancer definition is useful in identifying regulatory elements likely to control genes important for cell type specification.

  16. Holography based super resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Anwar; Mudassar, Asloob A.

    2012-05-01

    This paper describes the simulation of a simple technique of superresolution based on holographic imaging in spectral domain. The input beam assembly containing 25 optical fibers with different orientations and positions is placed to illuminate the object in the 4f optical system. The position and orientation of each fiber is calculated with respect to the central fiber in the array. The positions and orientations of the fibers are related to the shift of object spectrum at aperture plane. During the imaging process each fiber is operated once in the whole procedure to illuminate the input object transparency which gives shift to the object spectrum in the spectral domain. This shift of the spectrum is equal to the integral multiple of the pass band aperture width. During the operation of single fiber (ON-state) all other fibers are in OFF-state at that time. The hologram recorded by each fiber at the CCD plane is stored in computer memory. At the end of illumination process total 25 holograms are recorded by the whole fiber array and by applying some post processing and specific algorithm single super resolved image is obtained. The superresolved image is five times better than the band-limited image. The work is demonstrated using computer simulation only.

  17. AISTHESIS EN EL REALISMO CRÍTICO DE LA CIUDAD Y LOS PERROS DE MARIO VARGAS LLOSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Morales Saravia

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Lo nuevo de la "nueva novela hispanoamericana", que La ciudad y los perros (1962 de Mario Vargas Llosa representa, se halla en el re-trabajo de las categorías suministradas por la tradición realista bajo premisas que buscan despertar en el lector vivencias directas de lo feo. Este artículo analiza ambas estéticas implicadas en ello: aquella que construye lo feo en toda su amplitud y aquella del efecto que hace vivenciar lo feo directamente por el lector.The new aspect of the "nueva novela hispanoamericana", represented by Vargas Llosa's 1962 The Time of Hero, lies in the rework of categories from the realistic tradition under premises that seek to awaken in readers direct experiences of ugliness. This article analyses the two aesthetics involved in this process: one that constructs a vast fiction world of ugliness (KarlRosenkranz's Asthetik des Hasslichen, and another that enables readers to experience ugliness directly (Wirkungsasthetik.

  18. Highlighting Kathleen Green and Mario Delmar, guest editors of special issue (part 2): junctional targets of skin and heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowin, Pamela

    2014-06-01

    Cell Communication and Adhesion has been fortunate to enlist two pioneers of epidermal and cardiac cell junctions, Kathleen Green and Mario Delmar, as Guest Editors of a two part series on junctional targets of skin and heart disease. Part 2 of this series begins with an overview from Dipal Patel and Kathy Green comparing epidermal desmosomes to cardiac area composita junctions, and surveying the pathogenic mechanisms resulting from mutations in their components in heart disease. This is followed by a review from David Kelsell on the role of desmosomal mutation in inherited syndromes involving skin fragility. Agnieszka Kobeliak discusses how structural deficits in the epidermal barrier intersect with the NFkB signaling pathway to induce inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. Farah Sheikh reviews the specialized junctional components in cardiomyocytes of the cardiac conduction system and Robert Gourdie discusses how molecular complexes between sodium channels and gap junction proteins within the perijunctional microdomains within the intercalated disc facilitate conduction. Glenn Radice evaluates the role of N-cadherin in heart. Andre Kleber and Chris Chen explore new approaches to study junctional mechanotransduction in vitro with a focus on the effects of connexin ablation and the role of cadherins, respectively. To complement this series of reviews, we have interviewed Werner Franke, whose systematic documentation the tissue-specific complexity of desmosome composition and pioneering discovery of the cardiac area composita junction greatly facilitated elucidation of the role of desmosomal components in the pathophysiology of human heart disease.

  19. Diseño e implementación de videojuegos clásicos con scratch

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    [ES] Esta memoria pertenece al trabajo fin de grado en el que se van a desarrollar videojuegos clásicos (Frogger, Duck Hunt y Super Mario Bros) que en su época fueron pioneros dentro de su género. Para el desarrollo se utilizará el lenguaje de programación Scratch proporcionada por el MIT. Una vez terminado el trabajo, pasará a estar a disposición del Museo de Informática de la Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Informática (UPV), el proyecto se subirá a la página web del ...

  20. Crowd-Sourcing the Aesthetics of Platform Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Noor; Yannakakis, Georgios N.; Togelius, Julian

    2014-01-01

    What are the aesthetics of platform games and what makes a platform level engaging, challenging and/or frustrating? We attempt to answer such questions through mining a large-set of crowd-sourced gameplay data of a clone of the classic platform game Super Mario Bros. The data consists of 40 short...... game levels that differ along six key level design parameters. Collectively, these levels are played 1560 times over the Internet and the perceived experience is annotated by experiment participants via self-reported ranking (pairwise preferences). Given the wealth of this crowd-sourced data, as all...... details about players’ in-game behaviour are logged, the problem becomes one of extracting meaningful numerical features at the appropriate level of abstraction for the construction of generic computational models of player experience and, thereby, game aesthetics. We explore dissimilar types of features...

  1. Digging deeper into platform game level design: session size and sequential features

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Noor; Yannakakis, Georgios N.; Togelius, Julian

    2012-01-01

    A recent trend within computational intelligence and games research is to investigate how to affect video game players’ in-game experience by designing and/or modifying aspects of game content. Analysing the relationship between game content, player behaviour and self-reported affective states...... constitutes an important step towards understanding game experience and constructing effective game adaptation mechanisms. This papers reports on further refinement of a method to understand this relationship by analysing data collected from players, building models that predict player experience...... and analysing what features of game and player data predict player affect best. We analyse data from players playing 780 pairs of short game sessions of the platform game Super Mario Bros, investigate the impact of the session size and what part of the level that has the major affect on player experience...

  2. Electrically tuned super-capacitors

    CERN Document Server

    Chowdhury, Tazima S

    2015-01-01

    Fast charging and discharging of large amounts of electrical energy make super-capacitors ideal for short-term energy storage [1-5]. In its simplest form, the super-capacitor is an electrolytic capacitor made of an anode and a cathode immersed in an electrolyte. As for an ordinary capacitor, minimizing the charge separation distance and increasing the electrode area increase capacitance. In super-capacitors, charge separation is of nano-meter scale at each of the electrode interface (the Helmholtz double layer). Making the electrodes porous increases their effective surface area [6-8]. A separating layer between the anode and the cathode electrodes is used to minimize unintentional electrical discharge (Figure 1). Here we show how to increase the capacitance of super-capacitors by more than 45 percent when modifying the otherwise passive separator layer into an active diode-like structure. Active control of super-capacitors may increase their efficiency during charge and discharge cycles. Controlling ion flow...

  3. Quantization of super Teichmueller spaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aghaei, Nezhla

    2016-08-15

    The quantization of the Teichmueller spaces of Riemann surfaces has found important applications to conformal field theory and N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories. We construct a quantization of the Teichmueller spaces of super Riemann surfaces, using coordinates associated to the ideal triangulations of super Riemann surfaces. A new feature is the non-trivial dependence on the choice of a spin structure which can be encoded combinatorially in a certain refinement of the ideal triangulation. We construct a projective unitary representation of the groupoid of changes of refined ideal triangulations. Therefore, we demonstrate that the dependence of the resulting quantum theory on the choice of a triangulation is inessential. In the quantum Teichmueller theory, it was observed that the key object defining the Teichmueller theory has a close relation to the representation theory of the Borel half of U{sub q}(sl(2)). In our research we observed that the role of U{sub q}(sl(2)) is taken by quantum superalgebra U{sub q}(osp(1 vertical stroke 2)). A Borel half of U{sub q}(osp(1 vertical stroke 2)) is the super quantum plane. The canonical element of the Heisenberg double of the quantum super plane is evaluated in certain infinite dimensional representations on L{sup 2}(R) x C{sup 1} {sup vertical} {sup stroke} {sup 1} and compared to the flip operator from the Teichmueller theory of super Riemann surfaces.

  4. Super-Virasoro anomaly, super-Weyl anomaly and the super-Liouville action for 2D supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Fujiwara, T; Suzuki, T; Fujiwara, Takanori; Igarashi, Hiroshi; Suzuki, Tadao

    1996-01-01

    The relation between super-Virasoro anomaly and super-Weyl anomaly in N=1 NSR superstring coupled with 2D supergravity is investigated from canonical theoretical view point. The WZW action canceling the super-Virasoro anomaly is explicitly constructed. It is super-Weyl invariant but nonlocal functional of 2D supergravity. The nonlocality can be remedied by the super-Liouvlle action, which in turn recovers the super-Weyl anomaly. The final gravitational effective action turns out to be local but noncovariant super-Liouville action, describing the dynamical behavior of the super-Liouville fields. The BRST invariance of this approach is examined in the superconformal gauge and in the light-cone gauge.

  5. The Super-Kamiokande Experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Walter, C W

    2008-01-01

    Super-Kamiokande is a 50 kiloton water Cherenkov detector located at the Kamioka Observatory of the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo. It was designed to study neutrino oscillations and carry out searches for the decay of the nucleon. The Super-Kamiokande experiment began in 1996 and in the ensuing decade of running has produced extremely important results in the fields of atmospheric and solar neutrino oscillations, along with setting stringent limits on the decay of the nucleon and the existence of dark matter and astrophysical sources of neutrinos. Perhaps most crucially, Super-Kamiokande for the first time definitively showed that neutrinos have mass and undergo flavor oscillations. This chapter will summarize the published scientific output of the experiment with a particular emphasis on the atmospheric neutrino results.

  6. Microsphere Super-resolution Imaging

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Zengbo

    2015-01-01

    Recently, it was discovered that microsphere can generate super-resolution focusing beyond diffraction limit. This has led to the development of an exciting super-resolution imaging technique -microsphere nanoscopy- that features a record resolution of 50 nm under white lights. Different samples have been directly imaged in high resolution and real time without labelling, including both non-biological (nano devices, structures and materials) and biological (subcellular details, viruses) samples. This chapter reviews the technique, which covers its background, fundamentals, experiments, mechanisms as well as the future outlook.

  7. Quantisation of super Teichmueller theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aghaei, Nezhla [DESY Hamburg (Germany). Theory Group; Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Mathematics; Pawelkiewicz, Michal; Techner, Joerg [DESY Hamburg (Germany). Theory Group

    2015-12-15

    We construct a quantisation of the Teichmueller spaces of super Riemann surfaces using coordinates associated to ideal triangulations of super Riemann surfaces. A new feature is the non-trivial dependence on the choice of a spin structure which can be encoded combinatorially in a certain refinement of the ideal triangulation. By constructing a projective unitary representation of the groupoid of changes of refined ideal triangulations we demonstrate that the dependence of the resulting quantum theory on the choice of a triangulation is inessential.

  8. Quantisation of super Teichmueller theory

    CERN Document Server

    Aghaei, Nezhla; Teschner, Joerg

    2015-01-01

    We construct a quantisation of the Teichmueller spaces of super Riemann surfaces using coordinates associated to ideal triangulations of super Riemann surfaces. A new feature is the non-trivial dependence on the choice of a spin structure which can be encoded combinatorially in a certain refinement of the ideal triangulation. By constructing a projective unitary representation of the groupoid of changes of refined ideal triangulations we demonstrate that the dependence of the resulting quantum theory on the choice of a triangulation is inessential.

  9. The construction of orthodox super rpp semigroups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Yong; GUO Yuqi; Kar Ping Shum

    2004-01-01

    We define orthodox super rpp semigroups and study their semilattice decompositions. Standard representation theorem of orthodox super rpp semigroups whose subband of idempotents is in the varieties of bands described by an identity with at most three variables are obtained.

  10. On acoplamento mecânico entre a antena e o transdutor no detector de ondas gravitacionais Mario Schenberg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melo, J. L.; Aguiar, O. D.; Velloso, W. F., Jr.; Lucena, A. U.

    2003-08-01

    O detector de ondas gravitacionais MARIO SCHENBERG consistirá de uma massa esférica de cobre-alumínio de 1150kg resfriada a 4K, sobre a qual serão instalados 6 transdutores de nióbio. Com estes trandutores pretende-se converter um possível sinal de onda gravitacional detectado em sinal elétrico, para tanto é necessário que o acoplamento mecânico entre os transdutores e a massa ressonante seja o maior possível. Isto significa que o transdutor deve ser ressonante na mesma freqüência que a antena (aproximadamente 3200Hz). Neste trabalho foi desenvolvida uma geometria para a estrutura mecânica do trandutor. Isto foi feito criando-se modelos em elementos finitos usando-se o "software" MSC/Nastran. Estes modelos criados foram analisados estaticamente (cálculo de tensões) e dinamicamente (cálculo das freqüências de ressonâncias e seus respectivos modos normais) de maneira a se obter o primeiro modo normal do transdutor em 3200Hz. A partir destes cálculos escolheu-se a melhor geometria para o transdutor. Os próximos passos do trabalho serão: usinar este transdutor em uma barra de nióbio e testá-lo à temperatura ambiente e à baixa temperatura. Após isto, pretende-se testá-lo na própria antena resfriada.

  11. Five-year analysis of background carbon dioxide and ozone variations during summer seasons at the Mario Zucchelli station (Antarctica)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cristofanelli, P.; Calzolari, F.; Bonafe, U.; Lanconelli, C.; Lupi, A.; Busetto, M.; Vitale, V.; Bonasoni, P. (National Research Council, Inst. of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Bologna (Italy)), e-mail: p.bonasoni@isac.cnr.it; Colombo, T. (Centro Nazionale di Climatologia e Meteorologia, Italian Air Force, Pratica di Mare (RM) (Italy))

    2011-11-15

    The work focuses on the analysis of CO{sub 2} and O{sub 3} surface variations observed during five summer experimental campaigns carried out at the 'Icaro Camp' clean air facility (74.7 deg S, 164.1 deg E, 41 m a.s.l.) of the 'Mario Zucchelli' Italian coastal research station. This experimental activity allowed the definition of summer average background O{sub 3} values that ranged from 18.3 +- 4.7 ppbv (summer 2005-2006) to 21.3 +- 4.0 ppbv (summer 2003-2004). Background CO{sub 2} concentrations showed an average growth rate of 2.10 ppmv yr-1, with the highest CO{sub 2} increase between the summer campaigns 2002-2003 and 2001-2002 (+2.85 ppmv yr-1), probably reflecting the influence of the 2002/2003 ENSO event. A comparison with other Antarctic coastal sites suggested that the summer background CO{sub 2} and O{sub 3} at MZS-IC are well representative of the average conditions of the Ross Sea coastal regions. As shown by the analysis of local wind direction and by 3-D back-trajectory calculations, the highest CO{sub 2} and O{sub 3} values were recorded in correspondence to air masses flowing from the interior of the Antarctic continent. These results suggest that air mass transport from the interior of the continent exerts an important influence on air mass composition in Antarctic coastal areas

  12. Narrow-band multi-filter radiometer for total ozone content measurements: Mario Zucchelli Station (Antarctica) campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scaglione, Salvatore; Zola, Danilo; Menchini, Francesca; Sarcina, Ilaria Di

    2017-02-01

    The importance of ground-based measurements of ultraviolet radiation has increased since the discovery of the stratospheric ozone layer depletion. Spectroradiometers are the most widely used class of instruments, although the requirement to work in attended stations is sometimes limiting. In this work we present a filter radiometer, named F-RAD, with good optical stability, very short sampling time (1 min), and proven reliability. The instrument is based on a stand-alone functioning, making it suitable for operation in hostile environments. The total ozone column (TOC) was estimated by the irradiance ratio at wavelengths where the ozone absorbs the solar radiation and where the radiation is not absorbed. Direct correlation between the TOC values estimated by F-RAD and by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) was found, and the standard deviations of the ratios between such values were calculated. Three wavelength ratios were identified to take into account the dependence of the measurements from the Solar Zenith Angle, AF-RAD (306.0 nm/325.3 nm) for SZAF-RAD (309.9 nm/325.3 nm) and CF-RAD (317.5 nm/325.3 nm) for SZA>50°. Considering the OMI ozone data as the reference values, the accuracy of the filter radiometer is estimated to be ±4%. The data collected during the calibration campaign in Lampedusa (June-July 2009, Italy) and during the first Antarctica winter of the 2009-2013 measurement campaign at Mario Zucchelli Station (MZS) are reported. The TOC measured by the F-RAD instrument, by the OMI on board of EOS-Aura satellite (NASA), and by the NOAA UV Monitoring Station in McMurdo (USA) are compared to assess the appropriateness of F-RAD for a long-term measurement campaign.

  13. Revisão das espécies neotropicais de Empididae (Diptera descritas por Mario Bezzi: VII. As espécies descritas em Hilara Meigen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Albertino Rafael

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available As cinco espécies descritas em Hilara por Mario Bezzi estão sendo redescritas e ilustradas. Atualmente três espécies permanecem em Hilara: H. irritans, H. perplexa e H. perturbans e duas espécies em Hilarigona: H. aberrans e H. abnormis. Todos os tipos primários foram examinados e estão sendo designados lectótipos para as três espécies de Hilara.

  14. Comportamiento del Bajo Peso al Nacer en Gestantes Adolescentes. Policlínico "Mario Gutiérrez Ardaya".2005-2009.

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Presenta un estudio descriptivo sobre el comportamiento del bajo peso al nacer en gestantes adolescentes del Policlínico "Mario Gutiérrez Ardaya." El universo estuvo constituido por 60 gestantes adolescentes con recién nacidos de bajo peso al nacer y la muestra por 29 pacientessegún criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Se analizaron variables como: edad, estado civil, formas clínicas, hábito de fumar y afecciones relacionadas con el embarazo. El año 2008 fue el que aportó más bajo peso al nac...

  15. The intimidated bodies: The somatic consequences of state terrorism in Mario Vargas Llosa’s novel The Feast of the Goat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wojciech Sawala

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues that Mario Vargas Llosa’s novel The Feast of the Goat (2000 uses the images of the bodies of three of its characters (Urania Cabral, Trujillo and Agustín Cabral to represent the mechanisms of state terrorism at the time of Trujillo’s dictatorship in the Dominican Republic. It is a traumatizing system, which leaves somatic marks in all the actors involved. We analyze the manners in which the Peruvian author uses the images of protagonists’ organic processes to sketch the psychical, emotional and ideological processes and states, linked to or generated by the policies of intimidation.

  16. EVALUACIÓN DE LAS COMPETENCIAS LABORALES Y SU INFLUENCIA EN LA CALIDAD DEL SERVICIO DEL HOSPITAL “DR. MARIO MUÑOZ MONROY”

    OpenAIRE

    Lázaro Quintana Tápanes; Yadney Miranda Lorenzo; Varna Hernández Junco

    2009-01-01

    En el artículo se identifican, evalúan las competencias laborales a nivel organizacional, de procesos clínicos – quirúrgicos y se determina su influencia en la calidad del servicio del Hospital “Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy”. Se elaboran los perfiles de competencias correspondientes y se calcula el indicador desviación compe...

  17. Super-resolution Phase Tomography

    KAUST Repository

    Depeursinge, Christian

    2013-04-21

    Digital Holographic Microscopy (DHM) yields reconstructed complex wavefields. It allows synthesizing the aperture of a virtual microscope up to 2π, offering super-resolution phase images. Live images of micro-organisms and neurons with resolution less than 100 nm are presented.

  18. Super Rice Breeding in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@I. Demand for super high yield rice in China   Rice is one of the main staple food in China. The performance of rice sector in production and yield had been very impressive in the last four decades. However, rice production and yield has stagnated since 1990.

  19. Super Girls Still Center Stage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The TV singing contest continues to draw a devoted audience, but will its impact on Chinese culture fall away like a shooting star? Ask any teenage girl in China to name the finalists of last year's Super Girl show and chances are she will instantly come up with the three big names.She'll probable

  20. Analysis of Forensic Super Timelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    BIB .1  vii List of Figures Figure Page...Hacker disconnects from User’s system  User clicks off Screen Saver  User closes Solitaire program  User logs off system BIB .1...analysis- tapestry_33836. BIB .2 Guðjónsson, K. (2010). Mastering the super timeline with log2timeline. SANS Gold Paper accepted June 29,2010

  1. Super-translations and super-rotations at the horizon

    CERN Document Server

    Donnay, Laura; Gonzalez, Hernan A; Pino, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    We show that the asymptotic symmetries close to non-extremal black hole horizons are generated by an extension of super-translations. This group is generated by a semi-direct sum of Virasoro and abelian currents. The charges associated to the asymptotic Killing symmetries satisfy the same algebra. When considering the special case of the stationary black hole, the zero mode charges correspond to the angular momentum and the entropy at the horizon.

  2. Mario de Andrade y la Missão de Pesquisas Folclóricas (1938: una etnografía que no fue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giobellina Brumana, Fernando

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the project by Brazilian Modernism in order to recover the Northeastern and Northem musical patrimony, destined mainly for religious uses. This enterprise took the form of an ethno-musical record which was financed and directed by the Secretariat for Culture of Sao Paulo City. During a couple of years the Secretariat for Culture was headed by the novelist Mario de Andrade (author of «Macunaíma». It was also the instutional framework within which Lévi- Strauss started his career as an ethnologist.

    Este trabajo estudia el proyecto que se desarrolló desde el modernismo brasileño para recuperar el patrimonio musical, fundamentalmente de uso religioso, del nordeste y norte del Brasil. En concreto, es la tentativa llevada a cabo a fines de 1930 de un registro etno-musicológico, que fue financiada y dirigida por la Secretaría de Cultura de la Ciudad de São Paulo. La Secretaría estuvo durante un par de años dirigida por el novelista Mario de Andrade (el autor de «Macunaíma » y fue el ámbito institucional en el que Lévi-Strauss dio sus primeros pasos como etnólogo.

  3. La conciencia auténtica en Mario Briceño Irragory o la mixtura utópica en Mensaje sin destino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Javier Hernández Carmona

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El pensamiento político de Mario Briceño Iragorry está atravesado por profundas pinceladas utópicas. Su preocupación por alertar las trampas de la historia y las manipulaciones de la política, le llevaron a proponer un antidiscurso desde la sensibilidad como código ético y el pasado colonial a razón de “tradición natural” para construir los nuevos tiempos y los grandes horizontes. EnMensaje sin destino es cuestionada la historia contextualizada como “liturgia de efemérides”. Antepone una historia “cierta” surgida de la heredad cultural del ancestro europeo y único parangón para superar la crisis donde nos han sumido los hombres con “responsabilidades públicas”. Don Mario fustiga la desmemoria y el olvido como causantes de la muerte de la nacionalidad y los extravíos de la sensibilidad nacional.

  4. Mundo externo e imaginación en la sexta Meditación cartesiana: A propósito de unas consideraciones de Mario Caimi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Castelli

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo presentamos un análisis crítico de la interpretación que ofrece Mario Caimi de los argumentos cartesianos de la Meditación Sexta en favor de la existencia de las cosas materiales. Estamos en desacuerdo con dicha interpretación. Este desacuerdo se basa, en particular, en una interpretación distinta del papel de la imaginación en dichas pruebas. En el trabajo presentamos argumentos de base textual y filosófica que apuntan a favor de una interpretación alternativa que desarrollamos someramente.In this paper, we analyze critically the interpretation offered by Mario Caimi of the cartesian arguments presented in the Sixth Meditation in order to prove the existence of material bodies. We disagree with his interpretation. This disagreement is based, mainly, in a different interpretation of the role that imagination plays in those proofs. We present here some arguments, both textual and philosophical, that strongly suggest an alternative interpretation, which we present in outline.

  5. Projeto do sistema anti-ressonante da fiação dos transdutores para o detector Mario Schenberg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, S. J.., Jr.; Melo, J. L.

    2003-08-01

    O detector de ondas gravitacionais Mario Schenberg está sendo projetado e construído pelo grupo Gráviton. Sua construção está ocorrendo no Laboratório de Estado Sólido e Baixas Temperaturas (LESBT) da Universidade de São Paulo, na cidade de São Paulo. Esse detector possui uma massa ressonante esférica de cobre-alumínio, com 65 cm de diâmetro, pesando aproximadamente 1150 Kg, suspensa por um sistema de isolamento vibracional, que se encontra em fase de testes preliminares. A real eficácia desse sistema, entretanto, só poderá ser comprovada quando o detector estiver aparelhado com, pelo menos, um transdutor eletromecânico de altíssima sensibilidade acoplado à massa ressonante. Neste momento, não só este sistema de isolamento vibracional será posto em teste, como o do projeto da fiação que transporta os sinais de microondas até os transdutores e destes para a pré-amplificação. Apesar dessa fiação ter sido projetada para não apresentar nenhum contato com a superfície esférica da antena, de maneira a não haver nenhuma transmissão de ruído vibracional do laboratório para esta, deve-se minimizar o ruído microfônico produzido nessa fiação por oscilações mecânicas, uma vez que ela não utiliza nenhum sistema de isolamento vibracional. Com o intuito de resolver este problema, projetamos uma estrutura, formada por pequenos cilindros conectados por barras, a qual não terá nenhuma ressonância mecânica na faixa de freqüências de interesse para detecção (3000 - 3400 Hz). Desta forma, as vibrações nessa faixa não serão amplificadas. O projeto foi feito usando iterativamente, de maneira a otimizar os resultados obtidos, o programa de elementos finitos Msc/Nastran. Através de simulações feitas neste programa, determinamos os parâmetros geométricos ideais a serem utilizados, os quais proporcionam a maior região espectral de interesse livre de ressonâncias.

  6. 伦敦SuperDesign展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柚子

    2011-01-01

    近日,英国伦敦Super Design展在伦敦Wakefield大街的The Dairy展厅如期举行。本次展览展出了来自包括知名设计师和新兴设计师的特别定制的工作室作品:到如今已经是第五个年头的伦敦Super Deslgn展,力图强发展,展出形式别出心裁、独树一帜,从一个崭新.活跃的角度集展示当代艺术。

  7. Super-stable Poissonian structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eliazar, Iddo

    2012-10-01

    In this paper we characterize classes of Poisson processes whose statistical structures are super-stable. We consider a flow generated by a one-dimensional ordinary differential equation, and an ensemble of particles ‘surfing’ the flow. The particles start from random initial positions, and are propagated along the flow by stochastic ‘wave processes’ with general statistics and general cross correlations. Setting the initial positions to be Poisson processes, we characterize the classes of Poisson processes that render the particles’ positions—at all times, and invariantly with respect to the wave processes—statistically identical to their initial positions. These Poisson processes are termed ‘super-stable’ and facilitate the generalization of the notion of stationary distributions far beyond the realm of Markov dynamics.

  8. Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrinos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moriyama, S. [Kamioka Observatory, Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Higashi Mozumi, Hida city, Gifu prefecture (Japan)

    2005-08-15

    Results on atmospheric neutrino analysis at Super-Kamiokande I is presented. The whole data set of atmospheric neutrino sample in Super-Kamiokande I is consistently explained with an assumption of pure {nu}{sub {mu}}-{nu}{sub {tau}} oscillations. The allowed range of parameters is 1.5x10{sup -3}<{delta}m{sup 2}<3.4x10{sup -3} eV{sup 2} and sin{sup 2}2{theta}>0.92 at 90% C.L. In the oscillation analysis, we improved the treatment of systematic errors so that they can be considered as independent. This makes possible to find which systematic errors have larger effect on the analysis results. Some sensitivity studies under several assumptions of improvements in systematic errors are presented.

  9. The Era of Super Capitalism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The world has entered the "super capitalism" era when one third of its economic activities are controlled by less than 3 percent of global financial capital. This year,a global economic recession,triggered by the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis,seems unavoidable. To tackle international financial problems,Tao Dong,Chief Economist for Asia at Credit Suisse First Boston in Hong Kong,shared his insights with China Business Journal. Excerpts follow.

  10. BEWARE OF...SUPER GLUES!!

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    What happened? A number of accidents have occurred with the use of 'Super Glues'. Some individuals have suffered injuries - severe irritation, or skin bonded together - through getting glue on their face and in their eyes. What are the hazards associated with glues? 'Super Glues' (i.e. cyanoacrylates): Are harmful if swallowed and are chemical irritants to the eyes, respiratory system and skin. Present the risk of polymerization (hardening) leading to skin damage. Be careful ! 'Super Glues' can bond to skin and eyes in seconds. Note: Other glues, resins and hardeners are also chemicals and as such can cause serious damage to the skin, eyes, respiratory or digestive tract. (For example: some components can be toxic, harmful, corrosive, sensitizing agents, etc.). How to prevent accidents in the future? Read the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for all of the glues you work with. Check the label on the container to find out which of the materials you work with are hazardous. Wear the right Per...

  11. Super-Eccentric Migrating Jupiters

    CERN Document Server

    Socrates, Aristotle; Dong, Subo; Tremaine, Scott

    2011-01-01

    An important class of formation theories for hot Jupiters involves the excitation of extreme orbital eccentricity (e=0.99 or even larger) followed by tidal dissipation at periastron passage that eventually circularizes the planetary orbit at a period less than 10 days. In a steady state, this mechanism requires the existence of a significant population of super-eccentric (e>0.9) migrating Jupiters with long orbital periods and periastron distances of only a few stellar radii. For these super-eccentric planets, the periastron is fixed due to conservation of orbital angular momentum and the energy dissipated per orbit is constant, implying that the rate of change in semi-major axis a is \\dot a \\propto a^0.5 and consequently the number distribution satisfies dN/dlog a\\propto a^0.5. If this formation process produces most hot Jupiters, Kepler should detect several super-eccentric migrating progenitors of hot Jupiters, allowing for a test of high-eccentricity migration scenarios.

  12. SUPER-ECCENTRIC MIGRATING JUPITERS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Socrates, Aristotle; Katz, Boaz; Dong Subo; Tremaine, Scott [Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)

    2012-05-10

    An important class of formation theories for hot Jupiters involves the excitation of extreme orbital eccentricity (e = 0.99 or even larger) followed by tidal dissipation at periastron passage that eventually circularizes the planetary orbit at a period less than 10 days. In a steady state, this mechanism requires the existence of a significant population of super-eccentric (e > 0.9) migrating Jupiters with long orbital periods and periastron distances of only a few stellar radii. For these super-eccentric planets, the periastron is fixed due to conservation of orbital angular momentum and the energy dissipated per orbit is constant, implying that the rate of change in semi-major axis a is a-dot {proportional_to}a{sup 1/2} and consequently the number distribution satisfies dN/d log a{proportional_to}a{sup 1/2}. If this formation process produces most hot Jupiters, Kepler should detect several super-eccentric migrating progenitors of hot Jupiters, allowing for a test of high-eccentricity migration scenarios.

  13. Watching the Birth of Super Star Clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Turner, J L; Turner, Jean L.; Beck, Sara C.

    2003-01-01

    Subarcsecond infrared and radio observations yield important information about the formation of super star clusters from their surrounding gas. We discuss the general properties of ionized and molecular gas near young, forming SSCs, as illustrated by the prototypical young forming super star cluster nebula in the dwarf galaxy, NGC 5253. This super star cluster appears to have a gravitationally bound nebula. The lack of molecular gas suggests a very high star formation efficiency, consistent with the formation of a large, bound star cluster.

  14. Two-Component Super AKNS Equations and Their Finite-Dimensional Integrable Super Hamiltonian System

    OpenAIRE

    Jing Yu; Jingwei Han

    2014-01-01

    Starting from a matrix Lie superalgebra, two-component super AKNS system is constructed. By making use of monononlinearization technique of Lax pairs, we find that the obtained two-component super AKNS system is a finite-dimensional integrable super Hamiltonian system. And its Lax representation and $r$ -matrix are also given in this paper.

  15. Two-Component Super AKNS Equations and Their Finite-Dimensional Integrable Super Hamiltonian System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Yu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Starting from a matrix Lie superalgebra, two-component super AKNS system is constructed. By making use of monononlinearization technique of Lax pairs, we find that the obtained two-component super AKNS system is a finite-dimensional integrable super Hamiltonian system. And its Lax representation and r-matrix are also given in this paper.

  16. Highlights from Super-Kamiokande

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okumura, Kimihiro

    2016-11-01

    Recent results from Super-Kamiokande experiment are reviewed in this paper; Neutrino mass hierarchy and CP violation in the lepton sector are investigated via νμ → νe oscillation of the atmospheric neutrinos. The event rate, correlation with solar activity, energy spectrum of the solar neutrinos are measured via electron elastic scattering interactions. Neutrino emission from the WIMP annihilation at the center of the Sun are searched in the GeV energy regions. New project, SK-Gd project, to enhance anti-neutrino identification capability, has been approved inside the collaboration group.

  17. Highlights from Super-Kamiokande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okumura Kimihiro

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent results from Super-Kamiokande experiment are reviewed in this paper; Neutrino mass hierarchy and CP violation in the lepton sector are investigated via νμ → νe oscillation of the atmospheric neutrinos. The event rate, correlation with solar activity, energy spectrum of the solar neutrinos are measured via electron elastic scattering interactions. Neutrino emission from the WIMP annihilation at the center of the Sun are searched in the GeV energy regions. New project, SK-Gd project, to enhance anti-neutrino identification capability, has been approved inside the collaboration group.

  18. Buitre o fénix : la traducción y la recepción de la obra de Mario Vargas Llosa en China

    OpenAIRE

    Jian, Hou

    2017-01-01

    Mario Vargas Llosa ha sido uno de ios autores en lengua española más traducidos en China. El proceso de traducción de la obra vargasilosiana justamente se corresponde con el incremento y desarrollo de la traducción de ia literatura hispánica en China* Por esa razón esta Tesis analiza la traducción del escritor hispanoperuano en China en el contexto de ia difusión más generalizada de ía literatura hispánica en el país oriental. Para conocer ei lugar de Vargas Liosa en la traducción general de ...

  19. Poética del cuento “Pacto de sangre” de Mario Benedetti: un estudio para la creación de cuentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Hernán Cristancho Ruiz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la problemática de composición del cuento Pacto de sangre de Mario Benedetti. Se toman como punto de partida los secretos que va revelando el cuento. Luego se emplean las siguientes nociones para realizar un estudio en cuanto a su elaboración: inicio, desarrollo, final, condición humana, intensidad, tensión, atmósfera, primera historia, segunda historia. Dichos elementos permiten hacer un acercamiento sobre el tratamiento literario del tema central: el abandono de un abuelo y el cariño por su nieto. Finalmente, se presentan unas conclusiones sobre la poética implícita en este relato y elementos para la investigacióncreación; así como el cuento escrito por el autor a partir de este estudio.

  20. The painful pathway between theory and praxis: reflections on the character Urania in Mario Vargas Llosa’s "The Feast of the Goat"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Marks de Marques

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The following article will present reflections about the character Urania in the novel The Feast of the Goat, originally published in 2000 by Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa. To this analysis, the concept of historiographical metafiction, coined by Linda Hutcheon ([1998] 1991 was used to discuss the relations between literature and history in the novel. In what concerns the analysis of the character Urania (core of this article, the lathing of memory and trauma is central, since the character suffered a traumatic experience in a difficult era of the Dominican Republic: the Trujillo Era (1930-1961. On the pathway between theory and practice, that is, the historical living experience and the historical knowledge, stands Urania and the power to recreate, using fiction, the consequences that dictatorships can have upon individuals. Besides, it is exactly in the movement between theory and practice that the reconstruction of Urania’s Dominican identity becomes possible.

  1. De Los ríos profundos a Lituma en los andes: La respuesta de Mario Vargas Llosa a José María Arguedas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Madeleine Gladieu

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available La novela de Mario Vargas Llosa Lituma en los Andes1 poco tiene que ver, aparentemente, con el mundo narrativo de José María Arguedas: las nuevas aventuras de un personaje ficticio bien conocido de los lectores, presente en varias obras anteriores de aquel autor, en nada se asemejan a las del niño Ernesto ni a las de otro protagonista arguediano. Los Andes sirven de decorado para los dos relatos, pero entre la naturaleza y los pueblos que se suceden en Los ríos profundos2en toda su diversidad, y los paisajes hoscos y siempre peligrosos por los que cruza Lituma, apenas reconoce el lector aquella parte del sur peruano. Algunos detalles, sin embargo, al examinar bien el texto y el contexto de Lituma en los Andes, llaman la atención.

  2. Los territorios de la violencia en la novela policial y la narcoliteratura latinoamericana: Mario Mendoza, Peter Elmore y Alejandro Páez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Santos López

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo expone la problemática de la violencia en las sociedades latinoamericanas a través de su representación en una serie de novelas publicadas a partir de los años noventa. Para ello se seleccionó las novelas policiales Enigma de los cuerpos (1995 de Peter Elmore, Satanás (2002 de Mario Mendoza y las narconovelas Corazón de Kalashnikov (2009, El reino de las moscas (2012 y Música para perros (2013 de Alejandro Páez Varela. Ellos son textos que recogen la situación de los personajes-víctimas de la novela criminalizada a través de la mirada narrativa sobre territorios muy delimitados como la Lima de Elmore, la Bogotá de Mendoza y Ciudad Juárez de Páez Varela.

  3. Comportamiento del Bajo Peso al Nacer en Gestantes Adolescentes. Policlínico "Mario Gutiérrez Ardaya".2005-2009.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melvis Sofía Garcés Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Presenta un estudio descriptivo sobre el comportamiento del bajo peso al nacer en gestantes adolescentes del Policlínico "Mario Gutiérrez Ardaya." El universo estuvo constituido por 60 gestantes adolescentes con recién nacidos de bajo peso al nacer y la muestra por 29 pacientessegún criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Se analizaron variables como: edad, estado civil, formas clínicas, hábito de fumar y afecciones relacionadas con el embarazo. El año 2008 fue el que aportó más bajo peso al nacer y mayor número de gestantes adolescentes, predominando las solteras, la restricción del crecimiento intrauterino, las no fumadoras, y la pre eclampsia leve.

  4. Musealização, crítica de arte e o exercício experimental da liberdade em Mario Pedrosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Parracho Sant'Anna

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Pelo menos desde as duas últimas décadas do século XX, muito tem se falado sobre a acumulação e o colecionamento de cultura material nas sociedades contemporâneas. A partir de levantamento e análise da obra de Mario Pedrosa da década de 1950 e de levantamento da produção contemporânea na crítica de arte, tenho procurado comparar o modo como a profissão é exercida no momento de sua institucionalização no Brasil e hoje, quando, na narrativa institucional, começaria a perder sua força. Neste sentido, tenho procurado entender como a crítica vem sofrendo modificações e, assim, ordenando a recepção da obra de Pedrosa.

  5. Mario Aguilera Peña, coordinador. El orden desarmado. La resistencia de la Asociación de Trabajadores Campesinos del Carare (ATCC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leidy Carolina Navarro Antolínez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación representa el doceavo informe del Grupo de Memoria Histórica de la Comisión Nacional de Reparación y Reconciliación (CNRR, que hasta la fecha ha publicado diecinueve investigaciones. El proyecto surgió con la Ley de Justicia y Paz, del año 2005, con el propósito de "presentar informes sobre el origen y evolución de los grupos armados ilegales" (artículo 51. En este informe, el historiador y abogado Mario Aguilera Pena presenta una investigación que, como su titulo lo advierte, tiene por objeto reconstruir la historia de un orden social desarmado, como programa y proceso liderado por la Asociación de Trabajadores y Campesinos del Carare (ATCC, creada en 1987, en el corregimiento de La India, Santander.

  6. Mario Aguilera Peña, coordinador. El orden desarmado. La resistencia de la Asociación de Trabajadores Campesinos del Carare (ATCC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leidy Carolina Navarro Antolínez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación representa el doceavo informe del Grupo de Memoria Histórica de la Comisión Nacional de Reparación y Reconciliación (CNRR, que hasta la fecha ha publicado diecinueve investigaciones. El proyecto surgió con la Ley de Justicia y Paz, del año 2005, con el propósito de "presentar informes sobre el origen y evolución de los grupos armados ilegales" (artículo 51. En este informe, el historiador y abogado Mario Aguilera Pena presenta una investigación que, como su titulo lo advierte, tiene por objeto reconstruir la historia de un orden social desarmado, como programa y proceso liderado por la Asociación de Trabajadores y Campesinos del Carare (ATCC, creada en 1987, en el corregimiento de La India, Santander.

  7. Optical trapping with Super-Gaussian beams

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    McLaren, M

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available We outline the possibility of optical trapping and tweezing with Super-Gaussian beam profiles. We show that the trapping strength can be tuned continuously by adjusting the order of a Super-Gaussian beam, approaching that of a perfect Gaussian...

  8. Tetrahedral Units: For Dodecahedral Super-Structures

    CERN Document Server

    Ortiz, Y; Liebman, J F

    2016-01-01

    Different novel organic-chemical possibilities for tetrahedral building units are considered, with attention to their utility in constructing different super-structures. As a representative construction we consider the use of sets of 20 such identical tetrahedral units to form a super-dodecahedron.

  9. dbSUPER: a database of super-enhancers in mouse and human genome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Aziz; Zhang, Xuegong

    2016-01-04

    Super-enhancers are clusters of transcriptional enhancers that drive cell-type-specific gene expression and are crucial to cell identity. Many disease-associated sequence variations are enriched in super-enhancer regions of disease-relevant cell types. Thus, super-enhancers can be used as potential biomarkers for disease diagnosis and therapeutics. Current studies have identified super-enhancers in more than 100 cell types and demonstrated their functional importance. However, a centralized resource to integrate all these findings is not currently available. We developed dbSUPER (http://bioinfo.au.tsinghua.edu.cn/dbsuper/), the first integrated and interactive database of super-enhancers, with the primary goal of providing a resource for assistance in further studies related to transcriptional control of cell identity and disease. dbSUPER provides a responsive and user-friendly web interface to facilitate efficient and comprehensive search and browsing. The data can be easily sent to Galaxy instances, GREAT and Cistrome web-servers for downstream analysis, and can also be visualized in the UCSC genome browser where custom tracks can be added automatically. The data can be downloaded and exported in variety of formats. Furthermore, dbSUPER lists genes associated with super-enhancers and also links to external databases such as GeneCards, UniProt and Entrez. dbSUPER also provides an overlap analysis tool to annotate user-defined regions. We believe dbSUPER is a valuable resource for the biology and genetic research communities.

  10. Ending Aging in Super Glassy Polymer Membranes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lau, CH; Nguyen, PT; Hill, MR; Thornton, AW; Konstas, K; Doherty, CM; Mulder, RJ; Bourgeois, L; Liu, ACY; Sprouster, DJ; Sullivan, JP; Bastow, TJ; Hill, AJ; Gin, DL; Noble, RD

    2014-04-16

    Aging in super glassy polymers such as poly(trimethylsilylpropyne) (PTMSP), poly(4-methyl-2-pentyne) (PMP), and polymers with intrinsic microporosity (PIM-1) reduces gas permeabilities and limits their application as gas-separation membranes. While super glassy polymers are initially very porous, and ultra-permeable, they quickly pack into a denser phase becoming less porous and permeable. This age-old problem has been solved by adding an ultraporous additive that maintains the low density, porous, initial stage of super glassy polymers through absorbing a portion of the polymer chains within its pores thereby holding the chains in their open position. This result is the first time that aging in super glassy polymers is inhibited whilst maintaining enhanced CO2 permeability for one year and improving CO2/N-2 selectivity. This approach could allow super glassy polymers to be revisited for commercial application in gas separations.

  11. SuperB Progress Report for Physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Leary, B.; /Aachen, Tech. Hochsch.; Matias, J.; Ramon, M.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Pous, E.; /Barcelona U.; De Fazio, F.; Palano, A.; /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; /Bergen U.; Asgeirsson, D.; /British Columbia U.; Cheng, C.H.; Chivukula, A.; Echenard, B.; Hitlin, D.G.; Porter, F.; Rakitin, A.; /Caltech; Heinemeyer, S.; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; McElrath, B.; /CERN; Andreassen, R.; Meadows, B.; Sokoloff, M.; /Cincinnati U.; Blanke, M.; /Cornell U., Phys. Dept.; Lesiak, T.; /Cracow, INP /DESY /Zurich, ETH /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Glasgow U. /Indiana U. /Mainz U., Inst. Phys. /Karlsruhe, Inst. Technol. /KEK, Tsukuba /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Lisbon, IST /Ljubljana U. /Madrid, Autonoma U. /Maryland U. /MIT /INFN, Milan /McGill U. /Munich, Tech. U. /Notre Dame U. /PNL, Richland /INFN, Padua /Paris U., VI-VII /Orsay, LAL /Orsay, LPT /INFN, Pavia /INFN, Perugia /INFN, Pisa /Queen Mary, U. of London /Regensburg U. /Republica U., Montevideo /Frascati /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rutherford /Sassari U. /Siegen U. /SLAC /Southern Methodist U. /Tel Aviv U. /Tohoku U. /INFN, Turin /INFN, Trieste /Uppsala U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Wayne State U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2012-02-14

    SuperB is a high luminosity e{sup +}e{sup -} collider that will be able to indirectly probe new physics at energy scales far beyond the reach of any man made accelerator planned or in existence. Just as detailed understanding of the Standard Model of particle physics was developed from stringent constraints imposed by flavour changing processes between quarks, the detailed structure of any new physics is severely constrained by flavour processes. In order to elucidate this structure it is necessary to perform a number of complementary studies of a set of golden channels. With these measurements in hand, the pattern of deviations from the Standard Model behavior can be used as a test of the structure of new physics. If new physics is found at the LHC, then the many golden measurements from SuperB will help decode the subtle nature of the new physics. However if no new particles are found at the LHC, SuperB will be able to search for new physics at energy scales up to 10-100 TeV. In either scenario, flavour physics measurements that can be made at SuperB play a pivotal role in understanding the nature of physics beyond the Standard Model. Examples for using the interplay between measurements to discriminate New Physics models are discussed in this document. SuperB is a Super Flavour Factory, in addition to studying large samples of B{sub u,d,s}, D and {tau} decays, SuperB has a broad physics programme that includes spectroscopy both in terms of the Standard Model and exotica, and precision measurements of sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub W}. In addition to performing CP violation measurements at the {Upsilon}(4S) and {phi}(3770), SuperB will test CPT in these systems, and lepton universality in a number of different processes. The multitude of rare decay measurements possible at SuperB can be used to constrain scenarios of physics beyond the Standard Model. In terms of other precision tests of the Standard Model, this experiment will be able to perform precision over

  12. The superB silicon vertex tracker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rizzo, G., E-mail: giuliana.rizzo@pi.infn.i [INFN-Pisa and Universita di Pisa (Italy); Avanzini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Bosi, F.; Calderini, G.; Ceccanti, M.; Cenci, R.; Cervelli, A.; Crescioli, F.; Dell' Orso, M.; Forti, F.; Giannetti, P.; Giorgi, M.A. [INFN-Pisa and Universita di Pisa (Italy); Lusiani, A. [Scuola Normale Superiore and INFN-Pisa (Italy); Gregucci, S.; Mammini, P.; Marchiori, G.; Massa, M.; Morsani, F. [INFN-Pisa and Universita di Pisa (Italy)

    2010-05-21

    The SuperB asymmetric e{sup +}-e{sup -} collider has been designed to deliver a luminosity greater than 10{sup 36}cm{sup -2}s{sup -1} with moderate beam currents. Comparing to current B-Factories, the reduced center of mass boost of the SuperB machine requires improved vertex resolution to allow precision measurements sensitive to New Physics. We present the conceptual design of the silicon vertex tracker (SVT) for the SuperB detector with the present status of the R and D on the different options under study for its innermost Layer0.

  13. N=2 Super - $W_{3}$ Algebra and N=2 Super Boussinesq Equations

    CERN Document Server

    Ivanov, E; Malik, R P

    1995-01-01

    We study classical $N=2$ super-$W_3$ algebra and its interplay with $N=2$ supersymmetric extensions of the Boussinesq equation in the framework of the nonlinear realization method and the inverse Higgs - covariant reduction approach. These techniques have been previously applied by us in the bosonic $W_3$ case to give a new geometric interpretation of the Boussinesq hierarchy. Here we deduce the most general $N=2$ super Boussinesq equation and two kinds of the modified $N=2$ super Boussinesq equations, as well as the super Miura maps relating these systems to each other, by applying the covariant reduction to certain coset manifolds of linear $N=2$ super-$W_3^{\\infty}$ symmetry associated with $N=2$ super-$W_3$. We discuss the integrability properties of the equations obtained and their correspondence with the formulation based on the notion of the second hamiltonian structure.

  14. Príncipes y tiranos, vicios y virtudes. Algunas consideraciones sobre el «De Principatu» de Mario Salamonio y «El Príncipe» de Nicolás Maquiavelo

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Castaño, David

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this work is to compare the political thought of two major Italian philosophers of the sixteenth century: Mario Salamonio, and Niccolò Machiavelli. Actually, what we want to show is that, although the interpreters of their philosophies have always confronted them, there are more matches between Salamonio and Machiavelli than divergences: both consider the good prince has to be virtuous and transfer those virtues to the people, and both condemn the tyrant because of its danger to th...

  15. Repeat-PPM Super-Symbol Synchronization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connelly, J.

    2016-11-01

    To attain a wider range of data rates in pulse position modulation (PPM) schemes with constrained pulse durations, the sender can repeat a PPM symbol multiple times, forming a super-symbol. In addition to the slot and symbol synchronization typically required for PPM, the receiver must also properly align the noisy super-symbols. We present a low-complexity approximation of the maximum-likelihood method for performing super-symbol synchronization without use of synchronization sequences. We provide simulation results demonstrating performance advantage when PPM symbols are spread by a pseudo-noise sequence, as opposed to simply repeating. Additionally, the results suggest that this super-symbol synchronization technique requires signal levels below those required for reliable communication. This validates that the PPM spreading approach proposed to CCSDS can work properly as part of the overall scheme.

  16. Axial Super-resolution Evanescent Wave Tomography

    CERN Document Server

    Pendharker, Sarang; Newman, Ward; Ogg, Stephen; Nazemifard, Neda; Jacob, Zubin

    2016-01-01

    Optical tomographic reconstruction of a 3D nanoscale specimen is hindered by the axial diffraction limit, which is 2-3 times worse than the focal plane resolution. We propose and experimentally demonstrate an axial super-resolution evanescent wave tomography (AxSET) method that enables the use of regular evanescent wave microscopes like Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence Microscope (TIRF) beyond surface imaging, and achieve tomographic reconstruction with axial super-resolution. Our proposed method based on Fourier reconstruction achieves axial super-resolution by extracting information from multiple sets of three-dimensional fluorescence images when the sample is illuminated by an evanescent wave. We propose a procedure to extract super-resolution features from the incremental penetration of an evanescent wave and support our theory by 1D (along the optical axis) and 3D simulations. We validate our claims by experimentally demonstrating tomographic reconstruction of microtubules in HeLa cells with an axi...

  17. Mirror-enhanced super-resolution microscopy

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Axial excitation confinement beyond the diffraction limit is crucial to the development of next-generation, super-resolution microscopy. STimulated Emission Depletion (STED) nanoscopy offers lateral super-resolution using a donut-beam depletion, but its axial resolution is still over 500 nm. Total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy is widely used for single-molecule localization, but its ability to detect molecules is limited to within the evanescent field of ~ 100 nm from the cell a...

  18. SuperHILAC Upgrade Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feinberg, B.; Brown, I.G.

    1986-06-01

    A high current MEtal Vapor Vacuum Arc (MEVVA) ion source is to be installed in the third injector (Abel) at the SuperHILAC, representing the first accelerator use of this novel ion source. The MEVVA source has produced over 1 A of uranium in all charge states, with typically more than 100 electrical mA (emA) of U/sup 5 +/. A substantial fraction of this high current, heavy ion beam must be successfully transported to the entrance of the Wideroe linac to approach the 10 emA space-charge output limit of the Wideroe. Calculations show that up to 50 emA of U/sup 5 +/ can be transported through the present high voltage column. A bouncer will be added to the Cockcroft-Walton supply to handle the increased beam current. The Low Energy Beam Transport line vacuum will be improved to reduce charge exchange, and the phase matching between the 23 MHz Wideroe and the 70 MHz Alvarez linacs will be improved by the addition of two 70 HMz bunchers. The installation of the MEVVA source along with the modifications described above are expected to result in a five-fold increase in beam delivered to Bevatron experiments, increasing the extracted uranium beam to 5 x 10/sup 7/ ions/pulse.

  19. Super-B Project Overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biagini, M.E.; Boni, R.; Boscolo, M.; Demma, T.; Drago, A.; Guiducci, S.; Raimondi, P.; Tomassini, S.; Zobov, M.; /Frascati; Bertsche, K.; Donald, M.; Nosochkov, Y.; Novokhatski, A.; Seeman, J.; Sullivan, M.; Yocky, G.; Wienands, U.; Wittmer, W.; /SLAC; Koop, I.; Levichev, E.; Nikitin, S.; /Novosibirsk, IYF /KEK, Tsukuba /Pisa U. /CERN

    2010-08-26

    The SuperB project aims at the construction of an asymmetric very high luminosity B-Factory on the Frascati/Tor Vergata (Italy) area, providing a uniquely sensitive probe of New Physics in the flavour sector of the Standard Model. The luminosity goal of 10{sup 36} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} can be reached with a new collision scheme with 'large Piwinski angle' (LPA) and the use of 'crab waist sextupoles' (CW). A LPA&CW Interaction Region (IR) has been successfully tested at the DA{Phi}NE {Phi}-Factory at LNF-Frascati in 2008. The LPA&CW scheme, together with very low {beta}*, will allow for operation with relatively low beam currents and reasonable bunch length, comparable to those of PEP-II and KEKB. In the High Energy Ring (HER), two spin rotators will bring longitudinally polarized beams into collision at the IP. The lattice has been designed with a very low intrinsic emittance and is quite compact, less than 2 km long. The tight focusing requires the final doublet quadrupoles to be very close to the IP and very compact. A Conceptual Design Report was published in March 2007, and beam dynamics and collective effects R&D studies are in progress in order to publish a Technical Design Report by the end of 2010.

  20. SUPER-B LATTICE STUDIES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biagini, M.E.; Raimondi, P.; /Frascati; Piminov, P.; Sinyatkin, S.; /Novosibirsk, IYF; Nosochkov, Y.; Wittmer, W.; /SLAC

    2010-08-25

    The SuperB asymmetric e{sup +}e{sup -} collider is designed for 10{sup 36} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} luminosity and beam energies of 6.7 and 4.18 GeV for e{sup +} and e{sup -} respectively. The High and Low Energy Rings (HER and LER) have one Interaction Point (IP) with 66 mrad crossing angle. The 1258 m rings fit to the INFN-LNF site at Frascati. The ring emittance is minimized for the high luminosity. The Final Focus (FF) chromaticity correction is optimized for maximum transverse acceptance and energy bandwidth. Included Crab Waist sextupoles suppress betatron resonances induced in the collisions with a large Piwinski angle. The LER Spin Rotator sections provide longitudinally polarized electron beam at the IP. The lattice is flexible for tuning the machine parameters and compatible with reusing the PEP-II magnets, RF cavities and other components. Details of the lattice design are presented.

  1. Studies of the Super VELO

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2156302

    2016-01-01

    The Super VELO is the Run 5 upgrade of the VeloPix detector of the LHCb experiment. Its most challenging task is to cope with a luminosity increase of the factor 10. This study examines the potential physics performance of a detector based on the VeloPix design at high luminosity conditions. It is found that an unmodified VeloPix detector shows poor performance when exposed to 10x design luminosity, most gravely high ghost rates of 40 %. When applying basic assumptions about material changes such as cutting the silicon thickness by half and removing the RF foil, the ghost rate drops by 20 %. When using thin silicon and re-optimizing the tracking algorithm, the ghost rate can even be reduced by 60 %. Applying the additional modification of a pixel area size four times smaller, the ghost rate drops by 88 % and the IP resolution improves. Finally, in a dream scenario with thin silicon, smaller pixels and no RF foil, big gains in resolution and a ghost rate of less than 4 % can be achieved.

  2. Laísmo in Miguel Delibes’ Cinco horas con Mario (1966: Background for foreign students trained in ‘correct’ Spanish / El laísmo en Cinco horas con Mario de Miguel Delibes (1966: … para el entrenamiento de estudiantes extranjeros en el español correcto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John C. Mc Intyre

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Una viuda habla en primera persona durante el 85 por ciento de Cinco horas con Mario: usa 81 veces el laísmo, incorrección gramatical muy arraigada en el habla de Castilla. Prohibido desde 1796, el laísmo se niega a desaparecer. En otras cuatro novelas de Delibes se apuntan sólo 38 casos de laísmo: 28 los dicta el narrador vallisoletano. El conservadurismo vallisoletano de la viuda –vanidosa, aburguesada y anti-intelectual– incluye el laísmo. Los expertos sitúan el laísmo en las dos Castillas, en Madrid, en ciertas zonas de la España occidental, en La Rioja y en Santander. Para el estudiante extranjero de Hispánicas, ¿qué puede significar esta ‘impropiedad’ al parecer indestructible?Summary: A widow in first person voice -85% of Cinco horas con Mario- 81 times over uses laísmo, a grammatical error deeply rooted in Castilian speech. Banned since 1796, laísmo refuses to die. Four other Delibes novels deliver only 38 instances of laísmo, 28 voiced by the Valladolid-born narrator. The widow is vain, devoutly middle-class and anti-intellectual. Her Valladolid-style conservatism includes the laísmo. Linguists locate laísmo in both Castiles, Madrid, certain areas of western Spain, La Rioja and Santander. What is the foreign student of Spanish to make of this seemingly indestructible ‘impropriety’?

  3. Irrupción y metamorfosis: la imagen en la poesía de Mario Ortiz. Para una crítica poética

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Porrúa

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available La poesía de Mario Ortiz podría pensarse como una escritura crítica dentro de la poesía argentina de los 90, o al menos de su gesto objetivista y su gesto realista. El modo de la crítica es la imagen en tanto irrupción, advenimiento de la imaginación (imago, en el sentido que le da Didi-Huberman que parte, en estos casos, de lo concreto, incluso de lo nimio. La fuerza de la imagen en tanto proceso en la poesía de Ortiz establece un movimiento que le devuelve a los objetos de uso su aura, a la vez que sostiene su definición materialista; un doblez en el que, además, se construye el relicario, la miniatura e incluso la colección. A la vez, puede leerse esta aparición de la imagen como migración y metamorfosis de los objetos tal como aparecen en los poemas más objetivistas y como revisión de sus colecciones

  4. Cult of the Sexless Casement with Special Reference to the Novel The Dream of the Celt by Mario Vargas Llosa (Nobel Prize Winner for Literature 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey Dudgeon

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Irish revolutionary Roger Casement, executed in 1916, has spawned an army of books, articles, and news stories, more about his diaries and the authenticity controversy that still surrounds them than about his seminal work encouraging and arming Irish separatism or his humanitarian investigations in the Congo and the Peruvian Amazon. His aura and image in life, and more so in death, was Christ-like. A cult developed that required him to be sexless. The more he was said to be an active homosexual, as graphically revealed in his journals, ironically, the more he was revered as an icon by his Catholic nationalist supporters. The entry of Nobel prizewinning novelist Mario Vargas Llosa to the field and his adoption of a mixed, even contradictory, view of Casement’s sexuality in his Dream of the Celt (2010 has sparked a new round of disputation particularly from Angus Mitchell, the foremost proponent of the diary forgery theory. This emerges in his extensive Field Day Review articles, one of which provides a full history of the controversy. 

  5. El héroe intelectual. La figura del poeta mártir en “La literatura es fuego” de Mario Vargas Llosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Valenzuela Garcés

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo nos ocupamos de analizar el modo en que Mario Vargas Llosa construye, en el texto “La literatura es fuego”, la imagen del héroe intelectual a partir de la vida del poeta Carlos Oquendo de Amat. El texto “La literatura es fuego”, leído el 11 de agosto de 1967, en Caracas, a propósito de la concesión a Vargas Llosa del Premio Rómulo Gallegos, es uno de los más extraordinarios discursos dados por un escritor al momento de recibir un premio literario. El énfasis con el que se construye la imagen del escritor inconforme a partir del recuerdo de un poeta como Carlos Oquendo de Amat y la forma en que la literatura es presentada como una actividad crítica, corrosiva e indomeñable, convierte este discurso en una muestra del desarrollo que, entonces, el campo intelectual había alcanzado en relación a los niveles de conciencia que los escritores de la época tuvieron respecto a su propia condición, a su oficio y a sus relaciones con el poder. Para el análisis empleamos el marco de la crítica cultural y nos centramos en las relaciones que los intelectuales, a través del ejercicio de la literatura, establecen con el poder.

  6. Teoría política posfundacional en La guerra del fin del mundo de Mario Vargas Llosa: ¿Canudos postestructuralista?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Retamozo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available It can be said that the relation between literature and political theory is not as prolific as that established by other disciplines such as philosophy, history and psychology. Although politics has held a central role in literature it is difficult to assert the prominence of political theory. A remarkable exception to this can be found in the novel La guerra del fin del mundo by Mario Vargas Llosa, not because the author dedicates himself to political theory but because of the complicity the plot shares with some contemporary theoretical perspectives. Within this horizon, the article proposes a reading of La guerra del fin del mundo in the light of its relation with key categories from post foundational political thought such as Heterogeneity, Antagonism, constitutive outside, empty signifier, discourse and hegemony. The article thus aims to contribute to the discussion of theoretical categories whose abstraction has often turned them difficult to assimilate. It also offers some reading clues to approach Vargas Llosa?s novel in the light of present political theory

  7. Escritores comprometidos, campo literario y novela total en los años sesenta. Mario Vargas Llosa, lector de Cien años de soledad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Valenzuela Garcés

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available El proyecto de “novela total” que concibieron y llevaron a la práctica connotados integrantes del “boom” de la novela hispanoamericana tuvo extraordinarias muestras en textos como Cien años de soledad o La casa verde. En este estudio nos ocupamos de describir el campo literario delos años sesenta y el modo en que este influye, a través de la figura del compromiso, en las demandas al escritor-intelectual de izquierda sobre la necesidad de proyectar, en los textos literarios, una imagen integral del proceso histórico y social del continente. El análisis se centra en la forma en que Vargas Llosa construye, a partir del análisis de una novela como Cien años de soledad, el proyecto de la novela total y el modo en que la novela del escritor colombiano representó esta totalidad respondiendoa las demandas del campo literario en un contexto marcado porun discurso que entonces explicaba la situación de retraso de nuestro continente debido a la dependencia del imperialismo.Palabras claves: Mario Vargas Llosa, novela total, campo intelectual, campo literario.

  8. Mario Alberto Cajas Sarria (2015. La historia de la Corte Suprema de Justicia de Colombia, 1886-1991. Bogotá: Universidad de los Andes & Universidad ICESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Cruz Rodríguez

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available El libro del profesor Mario Alberto Cajas Sarria, que es resultado de su tesis doctoral en derecho en la Universidad de los Andes, realiza una narración de la historia de la Corte Suprema de Justicia de Colombia desde su creación en 1886 hasta su validación a la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente de 1991. Para ello toma como elemento central decisiones judiciales que efectuaron control constitucional en cuatro temas que sirven de hilos conductores: los estados de excepción, las leyes por vicios de trámite, los tratados internacionales y las reformas a la constitución. Así, el trabajo no sólo se detiene en las categorías jurídicas que orbitan alrededor de estos tópicos sino que, a partir de las decisiones judiciales, de la prensa y de fuentes secundarias, ilumina el contexto político y los ambientes institucionales en los que la Corte Suprema ejerció el control de constitucionalidad en algunas coyunturas en la trayectoria del régimen político colombiano.

  9. Super-multiplex vibrational imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Lu; Chen, Zhixing; Shi, Lixue; Long, Rong; Anzalone, Andrew V.; Zhang, Luyuan; Hu, Fanghao; Yuste, Rafael; Cornish, Virginia W.; Min, Wei

    2017-04-01

    potential of this 24-colour (super-multiplex) optical imaging approach for elucidating intricate interactions in complex biological systems.

  10. Axial super-resolution evanescent wave tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendharker, Sarang; Shende, Swapnali; Newman, Ward; Ogg, Stephen; Nazemifard, Neda; Jacob, Zubin

    2016-12-01

    Optical tomographic reconstruction of a three-dimensional (3D) nanoscale specimen is hindered by the axial diffraction limit, which is 2-3 times worse than the focal plane resolution. We propose and experimentally demonstrate an axial super-resolution evanescent wave tomography method that enables the use of regular evanescent wave microscopes like the total internal reflection fluorescence microscope beyond surface imaging and achieve a tomographic reconstruction with axial super-resolution. Our proposed method based on Fourier reconstruction achieves axial super-resolution by extracting information from multiple sets of 3D fluorescence images when the sample is illuminated by an evanescent wave. We propose a procedure to extract super-resolution features from the incremental penetration of an evanescent wave and support our theory by one-dimensional (along the optical axis) and 3D simulations. We validate our claims by experimentally demonstrating tomographic reconstruction of microtubules in HeLa cells with an axial resolution of ∼130  nm. Our method does not require any additional optical components or sample preparation. The proposed method can be combined with focal plane super-resolution techniques like stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy and can also be adapted for THz and microwave near-field tomography.

  11. Axial super-resolution evanescent wave tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendharker, Sarang; Shende, Swapnali; Newman, Ward; Ogg, Stephen; Nazemifard, Neda; Jacob, Zubin

    2016-12-01

    Optical tomographic reconstruction of a 3D nanoscale specimen is hindered by the axial diffraction limit, which is 2-3 times worse than the focal plane resolution. We propose and experimentally demonstrate an axial super-resolution evanescent wave tomography (AxSET) method that enables the use of regular evanescent wave microscopes like Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence Microscope (TIRF) beyond surface imaging, and achieve tomographic reconstruction with axial super-resolution. Our proposed method based on Fourier reconstruction achieves axial super-resolution by extracting information from multiple sets of three-dimensional fluorescence images when the sample is illuminated by an evanescent wave. We propose a procedure to extract super-resolution features from the incremental penetration of an evanescent wave and support our theory by 1D (along the optical axis) and 3D simulations. We validate our claims by experimentally demonstrating tomographic reconstruction of microtubules in HeLa cells with an axial resolution of $\\sim$130 nm. Our method does not require any additional optical components or sample preparation. The proposed method can be combined with focal plane super-resolution techniques like STORM and can also be adapted for THz and microwave near-field tomography.

  12. Assessing resolution in super-resolution imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demmerle, Justin; Wegel, Eva; Schermelleh, Lothar; Dobbie, Ian M

    2015-10-15

    Resolution is a central concept in all imaging fields, and particularly in optical microscopy, but it can be easily misinterpreted. The mathematical definition of optical resolution was codified by Abbe, and practically defined by the Rayleigh Criterion in the late 19th century. The limit of conventional resolution was also achieved in this period, and it was thought that fundamental constraints of physics prevented further increases in resolution. With the recent development of a range of super-resolution techniques, it is necessary to revisit the concept of optical resolution. Fundamental differences in super-resolution modalities mean that resolution is not a directly transferrable metric between techniques. This article considers the issues in resolution raised by these new technologies, and presents approaches for comparing resolution between different super-resolution methods.

  13. Architectural Engineering to Super-Light Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castberg, Niels Andreas

    with architectural engineering as a starting point. The thesis is based on a two stringed hypothesis: Architectural engineering gives rise to better architecture and Super-Light Structures support and enables a static, challenging architecture. The aim of the thesis is to clarify architectural engineering's impact...... on the work process between architects and engineers in the design development. Using architectural engineering, Super-Light Structures are examined in an architectural context, and it is explained how digital tools can support architectural engineering and design of Super-Light Structures. The experiences...... to be subjects of examination for this thesis. The research results show that architectural engineering has a significant impact on a design process. The projects illustrate that simple explanations, underpinned by visualisations of the challenges between shape versus structure, often creates a shared...

  14. Breeding Super-Earths and Birthing Super-Puffs in Transitional Disks

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Eve J

    2015-01-01

    The riddle posed by super-Earths (1-4$R_\\oplus$, 2-20$M_\\oplus$) is that they are not Jupiters: their core masses are large enough to trigger runaway gas accretion, yet somehow super-Earths accreted atmospheres that weigh only a few percent of their total mass. We show that this puzzle is solved if super-Earths formed late, as the last vestiges of their parent gas disks were about to clear. This scenario would seem to present fine-tuning problems, but we show that there are none. Ambient gas densities can span many (up to 9) orders of magnitude, and super-Earths can still robustly emerge after $\\sim$0.1-1 Myr with percent-by-weight atmospheres. Super-Earth cores are naturally bred in gas-poor environments where gas dynamical friction has weakened sufficiently to allow constituent protocores to merge. So little gas is present at the time of core assembly that cores hardly migrate by disk torques: formation of super-Earths can be in situ. The picture --- that close-in super-Earths form in a gas-poor (but not ga...

  15. KML Super Overlay to WMS Translator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plesea, Lucian

    2007-01-01

    This translator is a server-based application that automatically generates KML super overlay configuration files required by Google Earth for map data access via the Open Geospatial Consortium WMS (Web Map Service) standard. The translator uses a set of URL parameters that mirror the WMS parameters as much as possible, and it also can generate a super overlay subdivision of any given area that is only loaded when needed, enabling very large areas of coverage at very high resolutions. It can make almost any dataset available as a WMS service visible and usable in any KML application, without the need to reformat the data.

  16. Super-resolution optical microscopy: multiple choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Bo

    2010-02-01

    The recent invention of super-resolution optical microscopy enables the visualization of fine features in biological samples with unprecedented clarity. It creates numerous opportunities in biology because vast amount of previously obscured subcellular processes now can be directly observed. Rapid development in this field in the past two years offers many imaging modalities that address different needs but they also complicates the choice of the 'perfect' method for answering a specific question. Here I will briefly describe the principles of super-resolution optical microscopy techniques and then focus on comparing their characteristics in various aspects of practical applications.

  17. Super resolution of images and video

    CERN Document Server

    Katsaggelos, Aggelos K

    2007-01-01

    This book focuses on the super resolution of images and video. The authors' use of the term super resolution (SR) is used to describe the process of obtaining a high resolution (HR) image, or a sequence of HR images, from a set of low resolution (LR) observations. This process has also been referred to in the literature as resolution enhancement (RE). SR has been applied primarily to spatial and temporal RE, but also to hyperspectral image enhancement. This book concentrates on motion based spatial RE, although the authors also describe motion free and hyperspectral image SR problems. Also exa

  18. Super-Laplacians and their symmetries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, P. S.; Lindström, U.

    2017-05-01

    A super-Laplacian is a set of differential operators in superspace whose highestdimensional component is given by the spacetime Laplacian. Symmetries of super-Laplacians are given by linear differential operators of arbitrary finite degree and are determined by superconformal Killing tensors. We investigate these in flat superspaces. The differential operators determining the symmetries give rise to algebras which can be identified in many cases with the tensor algebras of the relevant superconformal Lie algebras modulo certain ideals. They have applications to Higher Spin theories.

  19. New method for making super-plastic glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ It was a long-cherished dream for materials scientists to find a nearly ideal metallic alloy with high strength and super-plasticity concurrently as a super-material both extremely strong and exceptionally hard for human use.

  20. Second invariant for two-dimensional classical super systems

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S C Mishra; Roshan Lal; Veena Mishra

    2003-10-01

    Construction of superpotentials for two-dimensional classical super systems (for ≥ 2) is carried out. Some interesting potentials have been studied in their super form and also their integrability.

  1. An integrable generalization of the super AKNS hierarchy and its bi-Hamiltonian formulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Jing; Ma, Wen-Xiu; Han, Jingwei; Chen, Shouting

    2017-02-01

    Based on a Lie super-algebra B(0, 1), an integrable generalization of the super AKNS iso-spectral problem is introduced and its corresponding generalized super AKNS hierarchy is generated. By making use of the super-trace identity (or the super variational identity), the resulting super soliton hierarchy can be put into a super bi-Hamiltonian form. A generalized super AKNS soliton hierarchy with self-consistent sources is also presented.

  2. Explosive Super-eruptions: Problems and Prejudices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Self, S.

    2010-12-01

    A super-eruption is defined as one with a magma yield > 10^15 kg (magnitude (M) 8). The term has mainly been applied to large-scale, caldera and ignimbrite-forming explosive eruptions, but it can be applied to all eruptions that released > 10^15 kg of magma. For effusive volcanism, evidence suggests that individual eruptions of this size ( > ~ 370 km^3 of typical basalt or > 450 km^3 of rhyolite flood lava) arise only during periods of LIP formation. The super-eruption concept raises interesting questions about genesis and storage of magmas that feed these vast events. Deposits of major explosive eruptions are Plinian fallout, ignimbrite sheets, and co-ignimbrite ash fall. Based on earlier suggestions and evidence, widespread outflow ignimbrite (O), co-ignimbrite ash (A), and inter-caldera ignimbrite (I) are all major components of the total super-eruption deposit and may tend towards being subequal. In super-eruption deposits, the reported volume of vent-derived Plinian eruption column fallout is often a minor component of the total volume, yet in several cases (Oruanui, Taupo, 26 ka ago, M 8.1; Bishop Tuff, 760 ka, M 8.2; Bandelier (Otowi) Tuff, 1.6 Ma, M8) it is now recognized that vent-derived columns persisted for most of the eruption. Thus, distally, the ash-fall derived from co-ignimbrite ash clouds may be mixed with contemporaneous fallout from a vertical column. Some major ignimbrites have no reported associated Plinian deposit; the huge Young Toba Tuff (YTT, 74 ka, M 8.8) is a significant example. However, the very widespread Toba ash-fall deposit constitutes ~ 40 % of the total mass of magma erupted and is presumed to be co-ignimbrite. Timing of the onset of column collapse probably controls whether a recognizable Plinian deposit is laid down. All super-eruptions probably produce extensive fallout deposits, and this is generally of vent-derived and pyroclastic-flow-derived origin. Establishing the relationships between large-scale ignimbrites and their

  3. EVALUACIÓN DE LAS COMPETENCIAS LABORALES Y SU INFLUENCIA EN LA CALIDAD DEL SERVICIO DEL HOSPITAL “DR. MARIO MUÑOZ MONROY”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lázaro Quintana Tápanes

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available

    En el artículo se identifican, evalúan las competencias laborales a nivel organizacional, de procesos clínicos – quirúrgicos y se determina su influencia en la calidad del servicio del Hospital “Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy”. Se elaboran los perfiles de competencias correspondientes y se calcula el indicador desviación competencial, que permite conocer el comportamiento de las competencias en la comparación entre el estado deseado y actual, en los niveles jerárquicos antes mencionados. Se emplean diferentes métodos y técnicas como: análisis documental, entrevista, cuestionario, pruebas de conocimientos, observación, dinámica de grupo, método delphi, análisis-síntesis, inducción-deducción y el paquete estadístico SPSS versión 12.0. La muestra seleccionada está compuesta por clientes internos (médicos, enfermeros y por clientes externos (pacientes-familiares.

    Se identifican las competencias menos desarrolladas y se proponen estrategias a implementar por la entidad que permitan mejorar la calidad a través de las competencias laborales.

  4. Teoría política posfundacional en La guerra del fin del mundo de Mario Vargas Llosa: ¿Canudos postestructuralista?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Retamozo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre teoría política y literatura quizás no pueda contarse entre las más fecundas si se la compara con el vínculo que han establecido disciplinas como la filosofía, la historia y la psicología. Si bien la política ha ocupado un lugar central en la literatura es difícil sostener que la teoría política haya obtenido un sitio destacado. Una notable excepción encontramos en la novela La guerra del fin del mundo de Mario Vargas Llosa, no porque el autor se dedique a la teoría política, sino por la complicidad de la trama de la novela con ciertas perspectivas teóricas contemporáneas. En este horizonte, el artículo tiene como objetivo realizar una lectura de La guerra del fin del mundo y sugerir su relación con categorías centrales de la teoría política de inspiración posfundacional como Heterogeneidad, Antagonismo, exterior constitutivo, significante vacío, discurso y hegemonía. El trabajo que presentamos, de este modo, pretende aportar a la discusión de ciertas categorías teórico políticas que muchas veces por su grado de abstracción han suscitado dificultades pero también ofrecer claves de lectura de esta novela desde la teoría política actual

  5. Imagen de Hugo Chávez y su gobierno: Tomás Eloy Martínez, Mario Vargas Llosa y Carlos Fuentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Casella

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El 2002 puede ser considerado un año crítico en la vida política venezolana. La promulgación inconsulta de más de 40 leyes por parte del Poder Ejecutivo a finales del año 2001 inició una sucesión de hechos que concluyeron en una huelga general que se inició en diciembre de 2002 y se suspendió al año siguiente. Estos hechos produjeron opiniones en todo el mundo. Entre tales opiniones encontramos la de tres renombrados escritores latinoamericanos: Tomás Eloy Martínez, Mario Vargas Llosa y Carlos Fuentes. El presente trabajo intenta reconstruir a partir del análisis semántico - pragmático la imagen que estos escritores poseían de Hugo Chávez y de su gobierno para ese momento. El corpus analizado lo constituyen el artículo de opinión La soga al cuello, del primer escritor mencionado; la charla titulada ¿Por qué fracasa América Latina? dictada por Vargas Llosa y una declaración de prensa ofrecida por Carlos Fuentes en Barcelona España y que el periodista tituló Carlos Fuentes no aboga por una salida militar. Estos textos fueron producidos en tres momentos diferentes de ese año y por lo tanto responden de una u otra forma a los momentos específicos en los que se produjeron.

  6. “Là ‘ve il vocabol suo diventa vano / arriva’ io forato nella gola”: riprese e rielaborazioni dantesche nella poesia di Mario Luzi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Toppan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O poeta Mario Luzi (1914-2005 confrontou-se com a poesia de Dante desde o início de sua atividade literária, tanto que ao longo do tempo os seus versos assumiram o caráter de uma moderna viagem dantesca, cheia de incertezas, dúvidas e enganos. Luzi ficou profundamente fascinado tanto pela mens poética de Alighieri, que consegue reunir as múltiplas experiências dos casos humanos, quanto pela “unidade da ideia”: uma unidade que também era fé, teologia, uma ideia que se cinde em inúmeras personagens, em um eu que, embora se materialize em inúmeras pessoas, permanece si próprio. Por meio de alguns exemplos intertextuais, este estudo procura demonstrar de que maneira as retomadas e as reelaborações dantescas dos versos da Commedia são o testemunho de uma presença constante da obra de Dante nas coletâneas de Luzi, às vezes de maneira bastante explicita, noutras vezes de maneira mais velada. O Purgatório mostra ser o canto de referência, sendo a única em que o tempo vige, e portanto a que representa a condição humana, que è uma experiência de dor e de ressarcimento possível que se dá in corpore vivi. O conceito de poema “em andamento”, “em ação”, assim como é a Commedia para Luzi, corresponde também a seu sentir, à sua poética, a ponto de tornar-se o texto ao qual apelar continuamente, sobretudo nos momentos de transformação de sua escritura

  7. On super edge-graceful trees of diameter four

    CERN Document Server

    Krop, E; Raridan, C

    2011-01-01

    In "On the super edge graceful trees of even orders," Chung, Lee, Gao, and Schaffer posed the following problem: Characterize trees of diameter 4 which are super edge-graceful. In this paper, we provide super edge-graceful labelings for all caterpillars and even size lobsters of diameter 4 which permit such labelings. We also provide super edge-graceful labelings for several families of odd size lobsters of diameter 4.

  8. The structure of the super-W∞(λ) algebra

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergshoeff, E.; Wit, B. de; Vasiliev, M.

    1991-01-01

    We give a comprehensive treatment of the super-W∞(λ) algebra, an extension of the super-Virasoro algebra that contains generators of spin s ≥ ½. The parameter λ defines the embedding of the Virasoro subalgebra. We describe how to obtain the super-W∞(λ) algebra from the associative algebra of

  9. Super ready: how a regional approach to Super Bowl EMS paid off.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clancy, Terry; Cortacans, Henry P

    2014-07-01

    The Super Bowl and its associated activities represent one of the largest special events in the world. Super Bowl XLVIII was geographically unique because the NFL's and Super Bowl Host Committee's activities, venues and events encompassed two states and fell across numerous jurisdictions within six counties (Bergen, Hudson, Morris, Essex, Middlesex, and Manhattan).This Super Bowl was the first to do this. EMS was one of the largest operational components during this event. Last and most important, it is the people and relationships that make any planning initiative and event a success. Sit down and have a cup a coffee with your colleagues, partners and neighbors in and out of state to discuss your planning initiatives. Do it early-it will make your efforts less painful should an event of this magnitude come to a city near you!

  10. El archivo personal del Dr. Luis Mario Schneider del Departamento de Filología de la Facultad de Humanidades de la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

    OpenAIRE

    Luz del Carmen Beltrán-Cabrera

    2013-01-01

    Entre los documentos de información primaria para la investigación se encuentran los archivos personales, en ellos existen datos y pormenores que otras fuentes no develan. Éste es el caso del archivo personal del Dr. Luis Mario Schneider; reconocido literato, argentino de nacimiento y mexicano por decisión, especialista en historia de la literatura latinoamericana y, particularmente, mexicana; a su muerte donó su colección documental a la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México (uaeMéx), co...

  11. José A. Castorina; Mario Carretero (comps.) Desarrollo Cognitivo y Educación. Los inicios del conocimiento : Buenos Aires, Paidós, 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Lozada, María Julia

    2012-01-01

    Desarrollo Cognitivo y Educación. Los inicios del conocimiento, es una obra que muestra una clara exposición de las teorías y los modelos psicológicos contemporáneos, por lo que facilita a los lectores el estudio y la profundización de los aspectos centrales del desarrollo cognitivo. Los compiladores de la obra, José Antonio Castorina (profesor consulto e investigador de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras de la Universidad de Buenos Aires) y Mario Carretero (catedrático e investigador de la Un...

  12. Acoustic Design of Super-light Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jacob Ellehauge; Hertz, Kristian Dahl; Brunskog, Jonas

    aggregate (leca) along with a newly developed technology called pearl-chain reinforcement, which is a system for post-tensioning. Here, it is shown how to combine these technologies within a precast super-light slab element, while honoring the requirements of a holistic design. Acoustic experiments...

  13. Folded shapes with Super-Light Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castberg, Niels Andreas; Hertz, Kristian Dahl

    2012-01-01

    The use of folded shapes in structures has become more common, but it still costs problems because of construction issues and bending moments. The present paper deals with how the newly patented structural concept Super-Light structures (SLS) can be used to create folded shapes. SLS gives lighter...

  14. Single Image Super Resolution via Sparse Reconstruction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruithof, M.C.; Eekeren, A.W.M. van; Dijk, J.; Schutte, K.

    2012-01-01

    High resolution sensors are required for recognition purposes. Low resolution sensors, however, are still widely used. Software can be used to increase the resolution of such sensors. One way of increasing the resolution of the images produced is using multi-frame super resolution algorithms. Limita

  15. Conformal anomaly of super Wilson loop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belitsky, A.V., E-mail: andrei.belitsky@asu.edu [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-1504 (United States)

    2012-09-11

    Classically supersymmetric Wilson loop on a null polygonal contour possesses all symmetries required to match it onto non-MHV amplitudes in maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. However, to define it quantum mechanically, one is forced to regularize it since perturbative loop diagrams are not well defined due to presence of ultraviolet divergences stemming from integration in the vicinity of the cusps. A regularization that is adopted by practitioners by allowing one to use spinor helicity formalism, on the one hand, and systematically go to higher orders of perturbation theory is based on a version of dimensional regularization, known as Four-Dimensional Helicity scheme. Recently it was demonstrated that its use for the super Wilson loop at one loop breaks both conformal symmetry and Poincare supersymmetry. Presently, we exhibit the origin for these effects and demonstrate how one can undo this breaking. The phenomenon is alike the one emerging in renormalization group mixing of conformal operators in conformal theories when one uses dimensional regularization. The rotation matrix to the diagonal basis is found by means of computing the anomaly in the Ward identity for the conformal boost. Presently, we apply this ideology to the super Wilson loop. We compute the one-loop conformal anomaly for the super Wilson loop and find that the anomaly depends on its Grassmann coordinates. By subtracting this anomalous contribution from the super Wilson loop we restore its interpretation as a dual description for reduced non-MHV amplitudes which are expressed in terms of superconformal invariants.

  16. Super-Kamiokande worth full restoration

    CERN Multimedia

    Mishima, I

    2002-01-01

    While prospects are good that the SuperKamiokande facility will be partially repaired after an accident last November, the government has yet to confirm whether it will spend the estimated 2.5 billion yen needed for a full-scale restoration (1 page).

  17. Structural optimization of super-repellent surfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cavalli, Andrea; Bøggild, Peter; Okkels, Fridolin

    2013-01-01

    Micro-patterning is an effective way to achieve surfaces with extreme liquid repellency. This technique does not rely on chemical coatings and is therefore a promising concept for application in food processing and bio-compatibile coatings. This super-repellent behaviour is obtained by suspending...

  18. Facile preparation of super durable superhydrophobic materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Lei; Zhang, Junping; Li, Bucheng; Fan, Ling; Li, Lingxiao; Wang, Aiqin

    2014-10-15

    The low stability, complicated and expensive fabrication procedures seriously hinder practical applications of superhydrophobic materials. Here we report an extremely simple method for preparing super durable superhydrophobic materials, e.g., textiles and sponges, by dip coating in fluoropolymers (FPs). The morphology, surface chemical composition, mechanical, chemical and environmental stabilities of the superhydrophobic textiles were investigated. The results show how simple the preparation of super durable superhydrophobic textiles can be! The superhydrophobic textiles outperform their natural counterparts and most of the state-of-the-art synthetic superhydrophobic materials in stability. The intensive mechanical abrasion, long time immersion in various liquids and repeated washing have no obvious influence on the superhydrophobicity. Water drops are spherical in shape on the samples and could easily roll off after these harsh stability tests. In addition, this simple dip coating approach is applicable to various synthetic and natural textiles and can be easily scaled up. Furthermore, the results prove that a two-tier roughness is helpful but not essential with regard to the creation of super durable superhydrophobic textiles. The combination of microscale roughness of textiles and materials with very low surface tension is enough to form super durable superhydrophobic textiles. According to the same procedure, superhydrophobic polyurethane sponges can be prepared, which show high oil absorbency, oil/water separation efficiency and stability. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Pavement behaviour under the super single tyre

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Viljoen, AW

    1982-06-01

    Full Text Available Pavement behaviour under the super single tyre (SST) was investigated and compared with that under a conventional dual tyre (CDT). Contact areas and contact pressures over a range of loading conditions were measured and compared. Two approaches were...

  20. Typhoon effects on super-tall buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Q. S.; Xiao, Y. Q.; Wu, J. R.; Fu, J. Y.; Li, Z. N.

    2008-06-01

    Full-scale measurement is considered to be the most reliable method for evaluating wind effects on buildings and structures. This paper presents selected results of wind characteristics and structural responses measured from four super-tall buildings, The Center (350 m high, 79 floors) in Hong Kong, Di Wang Tower (384 m high, 78 floors) in Shenzhen, CITIC Plaza Tower (391 m high, 80 floors) in Guangzhou and Jin Mao Building (421 m high, 88 floors) in Shanghai, during the passages of three typhoons. The field data such as wind speed, wind direction and acceleration responses, etc., were continuously measured from the super-tall buildings during the typhoons. Detailed analysis of the field data was conducted to investigate the characteristics of typhoon-generated wind and wind-induced vibrations of these super-tall buildings under typhoon conditions. The dynamic characteristics of the tall buildings were determined from the field measurements and comparisons with those calculated from the finite element (FE) models of the structures were made. Furthermore, the full-scale measurements were compared with wind tunnel results to evaluate the accuracy of the model test results and the adequacy of the techniques used in the wind tunnel tests. The results presented in this paper are expected to be of considerable interest and of use to researchers and professionals involved in designing super-tall buildings.

  1. Searching for Frozen Super Earth via Microlensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batista, V.; Beaulieu, J. P.; Cassan, A.; Coutures, C.; Donatowicz, J.; Fouqué, P.; Kubas, D.; Marquette, J. B.

    2009-04-01

    Microlensing planet hunt is a unique method to probe efficiently for frozen Super Earth orbiting the most common stars of our galaxy. It is nicely complementing the parameter space probed by very high accuracy radial velocity measurements and future space based detections of low mass transiting planets. In order to maximize the planet catch, the microlensing community is engaged in a total cooperation among the different groups (OGLE, MicroFUN, MOA, PLANET/RoboNET) by making the real time data available, and mutual informing/reporting about modeling efforts. Eight planets have been published so far by combinations of the different groups, 4 Jovian analogues, one Neptune and two Super Earth. Given the microlensing detection efficiency, it suggests that these Neptunes/Super Earths may be quite common. Using networks of dedicated 1-2m class telescopes, the microlensing community has entered a new phase of planet discoveries, and will be able to provide constraints on the abundance of frozen Super-Earths in the near future. Statistics about Mars to Earth mass planets, extending to the habitable zone will be achieved with space based wide field imagers (EUCLID) at the horizon 2017.

  2. Folded shapes with Super-Light Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castberg, Niels Andreas; Hertz, Kristian Dahl

    2012-01-01

    The use of folded shapes in structures has become more common, but it still costs problems because of construction issues and bending moments. The present paper deals with how the newly patented structural concept Super-Light structures (SLS) can be used to create folded shapes. SLS gives lighter...

  3. Advantages of super-light structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertz, Kristian Dahl

    2009-01-01

    Super-light structures with pearl-chain reinforcement is a new revolutionary technology that opens possibilities of building load-bearing structures much cheaper and with several other advantages compared to traditional constructions of concrete and steel. Some benefits are: 1 Half price or less. 2...

  4. Super-resolution near field imaging device

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    Super-resolution imaging device comprising at least a first and a second elongated coupling element, each having a first transverse dimension at a first end and a second transverse dimension at a second end and being adapted for guiding light between their respective first and second ends, each...

  5. BREEDING SUPER-EARTHS AND BIRTHING SUPER-PUFFS IN TRANSITIONAL DISKS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Eve J.; Chiang, Eugene, E-mail: evelee@berkeley.edu, E-mail: echiang@astro.berkeley.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States)

    2016-02-01

    The riddle posed by super-Earths (1–4R{sub ⊕}, 2–20M{sub ⊕}) is that they are not Jupiters: their core masses are large enough to trigger runaway gas accretion, yet somehow super-Earths accreted atmospheres that weigh only a few percent of their total mass. We show that this puzzle is solved if super-Earths formed late, as the last vestiges of their parent gas disks were about to clear. This scenario would seem to present fine-tuning problems, but we show that there are none. Ambient gas densities can span many (in one case up to 9) orders of magnitude, and super-Earths can still robustly emerge after ∼0.1–1 Myr with percent-by-weight atmospheres. Super-Earth cores are naturally bred in gas-poor environments where gas dynamical friction has weakened sufficiently to allow constituent protocores to gravitationally stir one another and merge. So little gas is present at the time of core assembly that cores hardly migrate by disk torques: formation of super-Earths can be in situ. The basic picture—that close-in super-Earths form in a gas-poor (but not gas-empty) inner disk, fed continuously by gas that bleeds inward from a more massive outer disk—recalls the largely evacuated but still accreting inner cavities of transitional protoplanetary disks. We also address the inverse problem presented by super-puffs: an uncommon class of short-period planets seemingly too voluminous for their small masses (4–10R{sub ⊕}, 2–6M{sub ⊕}). Super-puffs most easily acquire their thick atmospheres as dust-free, rapidly cooling worlds outside ∼1 AU where nebular gas is colder, less dense, and therefore less opaque. Unlike super-Earths, which can form in situ, super-puffs probably migrated in to their current orbits; they are expected to form the outer links of mean-motion resonant chains, and to exhibit greater water content. We close by confronting observations and itemizing remaining questions.

  6. SuperB A High-Luminosity Asymmetric $e^+ e^-$ Super Flavour Factory : Conceptual Design Report

    CERN Document Server

    Bona, M.; Grauges Pous, E.; Colangelo, P.; De Fazio, F.; Palano, A.; Manghisoni, M.; Re, V.; Traversi, G.; Eigen, G.; Venturini, M.; Soni, N.; Bruschi, M.; De Castro, S.; Faccioli, P.; Gabrieli, A.; Giacobbe, B.; Semprini Cesare, N.; Spighi, R.; Villa, M.; Zoccoli, A.; Hearty, C.; McKenna, J.; Soni, A.; Khan, A.; Barniakov, A.Y.; Barniakov, M.Y.; Blinov, V.E.; Druzhinin, V.P.; Golubev, V.B.; Kononov, S.A.; Koop, I.A.; Kravchenko, E.A.; Levichev, E.B.; Nikitin, S.A.; Onuchin, A.P.; Piminov, P.A.; Serednyakov, S.I.; Shatilov, D.N.; Skovpen, Y.I.; Solodov, E.A.; Cheng, C.H.; Echenard, B.; Fang, F.; Hitlin, D.J.; Porter, F.C.; Asner, D.M.; Pham, T.N.; Fleischer, R.; Giudice, G.F.; Hurth, T.; Mangano, M.; Mancinelli, G.; Meadows, B.T.; Schwartz, A.J.; Sokoloff, M.D.; Soffer, A.; Beard, C.D.; Haas, T.; Mankel, R.; Hiller, G.; Ball, P.; Pappagallo, M.; Pennington, M.R.; Gradl, W.; Playfer, S.; Abada, A.; Becirevic, D.; Descotes-Genon, S.; Pene, O.; Andreotti, D.; Andreotti, M.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabresi, R.; Cecchi, A.; Cibinetto, G.; Franchini, P.; Luppi, E.; Negrini, M.; Petrella, A.; Piemontese, L.; Prencipe, E.; Santoro, V.; Stancari, G.; Anulli, F.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Biagini, M.E.; Boscolo, M.; Calcaterra, A.; Drago, A.; Finocchiaro, G.; Guiducci, S.; Isidori, G.; Pacetti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I.M.; Piccolo, M.; Preger, M.A.; Raimondi, P.; Rama, M.; Vaccarezza, C.; Zallo, A.; Zobov, M.; De Sangro, R.; Buzzo, A.; Lo Vetere, M.; Macri, M.; Monge, M.R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Tosi, S.; Matias, J.; Panduro Vazquez, W.; Borzumati, F.; Eyges, V.; Prell, S.A.; Pedlar, T.K.; Korpar, S.; Pestonik, R.; Staric, M.; Neubert, M.; Denig, A.G.; Nierste, U.; Agoh, T.; Ohmi, K.; Ohnishi, Y.; Fry, J.R.; Touramanis, C.; Wolski, A.; Golob, B.; Krizan, P.; Flaecher, H.; Bevan, A.J.; Di Lodovico, F.; George, K.A.; Barlow, R.; Lafferty, G.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D.A.; Simi, G.; Patel, P.M.; Robertson, S.H.; Lazzaro, A.; Palombo, F.; Kaidalov, A.; Buras, A.J.; Tarantino, C.; Buchalla, G.; Sanda, A.I.; D'Ambrosio, G.; Ricciardi, G.; Bigi, I.; Jessop, C.P.; Losecco, J.M.; Honscheid, K.; Arnaud, N.; Chehab, R.; Fedala, Y.; Polci, F.; Roudeau, P.; Sordini, V.; Soskov, V.; Stocchi, A.; Variola, A.; Vivoli, A.; Wormser, G.; Zomer, F.; Bertolin, A.; Brugnera, R.; Gagliardi, N.; Gaz, A.; Margoni, M.; Morandin, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Bonneaud, G.R.; Lombardo, V.; Calderini, G.; Ratti, L.; Speziali, V.; Biasini, M.; Covarelli, R.; Manoni, E.; Servoli, L.; Angelini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Bosi, F.; Carpinelli, M.; Cenci, R.; Cervelli, A.; Dell'Orso, M.; Forti, F.; Giannetti, P.; Giorgi, M.; Lusiani, A.; Marchiori, G.; Massa, M.; Mazur, M.A.; Morsani, F.; Neri, N.; Paoloni, E.; Raffaelli, F.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J.; Braun, V.; Lenz, A.; Adams, G.S.; Danko, I.Z.; Baracchini, E.; Bellini, F.; Cavoto, G.; D'Orazio, A.; Del Re, D.; Di Marco, E.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Gaspero, Mario; Jackson, P.; Martinelli, G.; Mazzoni, M.A.; Morganti, Silvio; Piredda, G.; Renga, F.; Silvestrini, L.; Voena, C.; Catani, L.; Di Ciaccio, A.; Messi, R.; Santovetti, E.; Satta, A.; Ciuchini, M.; Lubicz, V.; Wilson, F.F.; Godang, R.; Chen, X.; Liu, H.; Park, W.; Purohit, M.; Trivedi, A.; White, R.M.; Wilson, J.R.; Allen, M.T.; Aston, D.; Bartoldus, R.; Brodsky, S.J.; Cai, Y.; Coleman, J.; Convery, M.R.; DeBarger, S.; Dingfelder, J.C.; Dubois-Felsmann, G.P.; Ecklund, S.; Fisher, A.S.; Haller, G.; Heifets, S.A.; Kaminski, J.; Kelsey, M.H.; Kocian, M.L.; Leith, D.W.G.S.; Li, N.; Luitz, S.; Luth, V.; MacFarlane, D.; Messner, R.; Muller, D.R.; Nosochkov, Y.; Novokhatski, A.; Pivi, M.; Ratcliff, B.N.; Roodman, A.; Schwiening, J.; Seeman, J.; Snyder, A.; Sullivan, M.; Va'Vra, J.; Wienands, U.; Wisniewski, W.; Stoeck, H.; Cheng, H.Y.; Li, H.N.; Keum, Y.Y.; Gronau, M.; Grossman, Y.; Bianchi, F.; Gamba, D.; Gambino, P.; Marchetto, F.; Menichetti, Ezio A.; Mussa, R.; Pelliccioni, M.; Dalla Betta, G.F.; Bomben, M.; Bosisio, L.; Cartaro, C.; Lanceri, L.; Vitale, L.; Azzolini, V.; Bernabeu, J.; Lopez-March, N.; Martinez-Vidal, F.; Milanes, D.A.; Oyanguren, A.; Paradisi, P.; Pich, A.; Sanchis-Lozano, M.A.; Kowalewski, Robert V.; Roney, J.M.; Back, J.J.; Gershon, T.J.; Harrison, P.F.; Latham, T.E.; Mohanty, G.B.; Petrov, A.A.; Pierini, M.; INFN

    2007-01-01

    The physics objectives of SuperB, an asymmetric electron-positron collider with a luminosity above 10^36/cm^2/s are described, together with the conceptual design of a novel low emittance design that achieves this performance with wallplug power comparable to that of the current B Factories, and an upgraded detector capable of doing the physics in the SuperB environment.

  7. Properties of Super-Poisson Processes and Super-Random Walks with Spatially Dependent Branching Rates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Xia REN

    2008-01-01

    The global supports of super-Poisson processes and super-random walks with a branching mechanism ψ(z)=z2 and constant branching rate are known to be noncompact. It turns out that, for any spatially dependent branching rate, this property remains true. However, the asymptotic extinction property for these two kinds of superprocesses depends on the decay rate of the branching-rate function at infinity.

  8. A generalized super AKNS hierarchy associated with Lie superalgebra sl(2|1) and its super bi-Hamiltonian structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Jingwei; Yu, Jing

    2017-03-01

    Starting from a 3 × 3 matrix-valued spectral problem associated with a Lie superalgebra sl(2|1), a generalized super Ablowitz-Kaup-Newell-Segur (AKNS) hierarchy is derived. The resulting super AKNS hierarchy has a super bi-Hamiltonian structure by the supertrace identity.

  9. Super SI燃烧方式试验研究%Super SI Combustion Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈义涛; 吕世亮; 尹琪; 杨嘉林; 高卫民

    2011-01-01

    The super spark ignition (Super SI) combustion mode, which was the ignition combustion of lean mixture at the temperature of close spontaneous combustion, was researched and its combustion characteristic and feasibility were analyzed.The results indicate that the increase of intake temperature can reduce the cyclic variation of Pmi obviously, shorten the combustion duration and extend the lean limit of SI combustion under the condition of lean mixture. Accordingly, Super SI combustion has the advantages of high thermal efficiency and controllable combustion process.%研究了Super Spark Ignition(Super SI)燃烧方式,即稀薄混合气在近自燃温度状态下点燃燃烧,分析了这种燃烧方式的可行性和燃烧特性.研究结果表明,混合气稀薄时提高发动机的进气温度可显著降低平均指示压力(pmi)的循环波动,缩短燃烧持续期,拓展点燃燃烧的稀薄极限;Super SI燃烧方式具有热效率高、燃烧过程可控的优点.

  10. The 2015 super-resolution microscopy roadmap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hell, Stefan W.; Sahl, Steffen J.; Bates, Mark; Zhuang, Xiaowei; Heintzmann, Rainer; Booth, Martin J.; Bewersdorf, Joerg; Shtengel, Gleb; Hess, Harald; Tinnefeld, Philip; Honigmann, Alf; Jakobs, Stefan; Testa, Ilaria; Cognet, Laurent; Lounis, Brahim; Ewers, Helge; Davis, Simon J.; Eggeling, Christian; Klenerman, David; Willig, Katrin I.; Vicidomini, Giuseppe; Castello, Marco; Diaspro, Alberto; Cordes, Thorben

    2015-11-01

    Far-field optical microscopy using focused light is an important tool in a number of scientific disciplines including chemical, (bio)physical and biomedical research, particularly with respect to the study of living cells and organisms. Unfortunately, the applicability of the optical microscope is limited, since the diffraction of light imposes limitations on the spatial resolution of the image. Consequently the details of, for example, cellular protein distributions, can be visualized only to a certain extent. Fortunately, recent years have witnessed the development of ‘super-resolution’ far-field optical microscopy (nanoscopy) techniques such as stimulated emission depletion (STED), ground state depletion (GSD), reversible saturated optical (fluorescence) transitions (RESOLFT), photoactivation localization microscopy (PALM), stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM), structured illumination microscopy (SIM) or saturated structured illumination microscopy (SSIM), all in one way or another addressing the problem of the limited spatial resolution of far-field optical microscopy. While SIM achieves a two-fold improvement in spatial resolution compared to conventional optical microscopy, STED, RESOLFT, PALM/STORM, or SSIM have all gone beyond, pushing the limits of optical image resolution to the nanometer scale. Consequently, all super-resolution techniques open new avenues of biomedical research. Because the field is so young, the potential capabilities of different super-resolution microscopy approaches have yet to be fully explored, and uncertainties remain when considering the best choice of methodology. Thus, even for experts, the road to the future is sometimes shrouded in mist. The super-resolution optical microscopy roadmap of Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics addresses this need for clarity. It provides guidance to the outstanding questions through a collection of short review articles from experts in the field, giving a thorough

  11. El etnocentrismo radical y las técnicas argumentativas en La utopía arcaica y La civilización del espectáculo, de Mario Vargas Llosa / The Radical Ethnocentrism and Argumentative Techniques in Vargas Llosa's The Archaic Utopia And Notes On The Death Of Culture: Essays On Spectacle And Society

    OpenAIRE

    Camilo Rubén Fernández-Cozman

    2016-01-01

    Este artículo sustenta que hay un etnocentrismo radical en dos libros de ensayo de Mario Vargas Llosa: La utopía arcaica y La civilización del espectáculo. En tal sentido, el escritor peruano no reconoce una racionalidad mítica y concibe que la cultura letrada es superior a la cultura oral. This article holds that there is a radical ethnocentrism in two essays of Mario Vargas Llosa, Archaic Utopia and Civilization of the Show. In this regard, the Peruvian writer does not recognize a mythi...

  12. El etnocentrismo radical y las técnicas argumentativas en La utopía arcaica y La civilización del espectáculo, de Mario Vargas Llosa / The Radical Ethnocentrism and Argumentative Techniques in Vargas Llosa's The Archaic Utopia And Notes On The Death Of Culture: Essays On Spectacle And Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Rubén Fernández-Cozman

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo sustenta que hay un etnocentrismo radical en dos libros de ensayo de Mario Vargas Llosa: La utopía arcaica y La civilización del espectáculo. En tal sentido, el escritor peruano no reconoce una racionalidad mítica y concibe que la cultura letrada es superior a la cultura oral. This article holds that there is a radical ethnocentrism in two essays of Mario Vargas Llosa, Archaic Utopia and Civilization of the Show. In this regard, the Peruvian writer does not recognize a mythical rationality and conceived that legal culture is superior to oral culture.

  13. The Solution Construction of Heterotic Super-Liouville Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Zhan-Ying; ZHEN Yi

    2001-01-01

    We investigate the heterotic super-Liouville model on the base of the basic Lie super-algebra Osp(1|2).Using the super extension of Leznov-Saveliev analysis and Drinfeld Sokolov linear system, we construct the explicit solution of the heterotic super-Liouville system in component form. We also show that the solutions are local and periodic by calculating the exchange relation of the solution. Finally starting from the action of heterotic super-Liou ville model, we obtain the conserved current and conserved charge which possessed the BR ST properties.

  14. Reconfiguración del sicario en Felicidad quizás de Mario Salazar Montero y Los restos del vellocino de oro de Alfredo Vanín

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Jácome

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la transformación de la figura del sicario como personaje de ficción en la novela colombiana reciente sobre la base de su representación en los textos Felicidad quizás de Mario Salazar Montero y Los restos del vellocino de oro de Alfredo Vanín. Además de estudiar dicha representación en cada novela en particular, se la compara y contrasta con el perfil del asesino a sueldo establecido por la novela sicaresca de los años noventa, para proponer algunas características de la evolución del género evidenciadas en textos enmarcados en diversos tipos de violencia.This article analyzes the transformation of the hit-man - sicario - as a fictional character in recent Colombian narratives, based upon its representation in Felicidad quizás by Mario Salazar Montero and Los restos del vellocino de oro by Alfredo Vanín. Besides studying the sicario figure in each novel, this article compares and contrasts the recent image of the hired assassin to the one established by the sicaresca novel of the 90´s. Additionally, this methodology helps pointing out some characteristics in the evolution of this literary genre within the context of diverse types of violence.

  15. SuperTools Test and Evaluation Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mannos, Tom J. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). Mixed Signal ASIC Design

    2017-01-01

    Superconducting electronics (SCE) represents a potential path to efficient exascale computing for HPC and data center applications, but SCE-based circuit design lags far behind its CMOS equivalent. IARPA’s ongoing C3 program and its developing SuperTools program aim to jumpstart SCE R&D with the near-term goal of producing a high-speed, low-energy, 64-bit RISC processor using Josephson Junction based logic cells. SuperTools performers will develop software tools for efficient SCE design and accurate simulation and characterization of JJ-based circuits, which include the RSFQ, RQL, and AQFP logic families. T&E teams from NIST, MIT Lincoln Lab, Berkeley Lab, and Sandia National Labs will evaluate the tools and fabricate test circuits to compare with simulated results. The five-year, three-phase program includes 48 performer deliverables, three annual technical exchange meetings, and annual site visits.

  16. Italian super-eruption larger than thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Colin

    2012-07-01

    Recent research suggested that the super-eruption of the Campi Flegrei caldera volcano in southern Italy about 40,000 years ago may have played a part in wiping out, or forcing the migration of, the Neanderthal and modern human populations in the eastern Mediterranean regions that were covered in ash. Now a new modeling study by Costa et al. suggests that this eruption may have been even larger than previously thought. This Campi Flegrei eruption produced a widespread ash layer known as Campanian Ignimbrite (CI). Using ash thickness measurements collected at 115 sites and a three-dimensional ash dispersal model, the researchers found that the CI super-eruption would have spread 250-300 cubic kilometers of ash across a 3.7-million-square kilometer region—2 to 3 times previous ash volume estimates.

  17. Optical super-resolution microscopy in neurobiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigrist, Stephan J; Sabatini, Bernardo L

    2012-02-01

    Understanding the highly plastic nature of neurons requires the dynamic visualization of their molecular and cellular organization in a native context. However, due to the limited resolution of standard light microscopy, many of the structural specializations of neurons cannot be resolved. A recent revolution in light microscopy has given rise to several super-resolution light microscopy methods yielding 2-10-fold higher resolution than conventional microscopy. We here describe the principles behind these techniques as well as their application to the analysis of the molecular architecture of the synapse. Furthermore, we discuss the potential for continued development of super-resolution microscopy as necessary for live imaging of neuronal structure and function in the brain.

  18. Super-resolution microscopy: a comparative treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasuboski, James M; Sigal, Yury J; Joens, Matthew S; Lillemeier, Bjorn F; Fitzpatrick, James A J

    2012-10-01

    One of the fundamental limitations of optical microscopy is that of diffraction, or in essence, how small a beam of light can be focused by using an optical lens system. This constraint, or barrier if you will, was theoretically described by Ernst Abbe in 1873 and is roughly equal to half the wavelength of light used to probe the system. Many structures, particularly those within cells, are much smaller than this limit and thus are difficult to visualize. Over the last two decades, a new field of super-resolution imaging has been created and been developed into a broad range of techniques that allow routine imaging beyond the far-field diffraction limit of light. In this unit we outline the basic principles of the various super-resolution imaging modalities, paying particular attention to the technical considerations for biological imaging. Furthermore, we discuss their various applications in the imaging of both fixed and live biological samples.

  19. (Super-)renormalizably dressed black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Ayón-Beato, Eloy; Méndez-Zavaleta, Julio A

    2015-01-01

    Black holes supported by self-interacting conformal scalar fields can be considered as renormalizably dressed since the conformal potential is nothing but the top power-counting renormalizable self-interaction in the relevant dimension. On the other hand, potentials defined by powers which are lower than the conformal one are also phenomenologically relevant since they are in fact super-renormalizable. In this work we provide a new map that allows to build black holes dressed with all the (super-)renormalizable contributions starting from known conformal seeds. We explicitly construct several new examples of these solutions in dimensions $D=3$ and $D=4$, including not only stationary configurations but also time-dependent ones.

  20. Super/subradiant second harmonic generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koganov, Gennady A.; Shuker, Reuben

    2017-04-01

    A scheme for active second harmonics generation is suggested. The system comprises N three-level atoms in ladder configuration, situated into a resonant cavity. The system generates the field whose frequency is twice the frequency of the pumping laser, and the field phase is locked to the phase of the pumping field. It is found that the system can lase in either superradiant or subradiant regime, depending on the number of atoms N. When N passes some critical value the transition from the super to subradiance occurs in a phase-transition-like manner. Stability study of the steady state supports this conclusion. For experimental realization of the super/subradiant second harmonics generation we propose semiconductor quantum well structures, superconducting quantum circuits, and evanescently coupled waveguides in which equally spaced levels relevant to this study exist.

  1. Pulsating stars in SuperWASP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holdsworth Daniel L.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available SuperWASP is one of the largest ground-based surveys for transiting exoplanets. To date, it has observed over 31 million stars. Such an extensive database of time resolved photometry holds the potential for extensive searches of stellar variability, and provide solid candidates for the upcoming TESS mission. Previous work by e.g. [15], [5], [12] has shown that the WASP archive provides a wealth of pulsationally variable stars. In this talk I will provide an overview of the SuperWASP project, present some of the published results from the survey, and some of the on-going work to identify key targets for the TESS mission.

  2. Robust super-resolution without regularization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pham, T Q [Canon Information Systems Research Australia, 1 Thomas Holt drive, North Ryde, NSW 2113 (Australia); Vliet, L J v [Quantitative Imaging Group, Department of Imaging Science and Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Schutte, K [Electro-Optics Group, TNO Defence, Security and Safety, PO Box 96864, 2509 JG The Hague (Netherlands)

    2008-07-15

    Super-resolution restoration is the problem of restoring a high-resolution scene from multiple degraded low-resolution images under motion. Due to imaging blur and noise, this problem is ill-posed. Additional constraints such as smoothness of the solution (i.e. regularization) is often required to obtain a stable solution. While regularizing the cost function is a standard practice in image restoration, we propose a restoration algorithm that does not require this extra regularization term. The robustness of the algorithm is achieved by a robust error norm that does not response to intensity outliers. With the outliers suppressed, our solution behaves similarly to a maximum-likelihood solution under the presence of Gaussian noise. The effectiveness of our algorithm is demonstrated with super-resolution restoration of real infrared image sequences under severe aliasing and intensity outliers.

  3. Penrose Pixels for Super-Resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Ezra, M; Lin, Zhouchen; Wilburn, Bennett; Zhang, Wei

    2011-07-01

    We present a novel approach to reconstruction-based super-resolution that uses aperiodic pixel tilings, such as a Penrose tiling or a biological retina, for improved performance. To this aim, we develop a new variant of the well-known error back projection super-resolution algorithm that makes use of the exact detector model in its back projection operator for better accuracy. Pixels in our model can vary in shape and size, and there may be gaps between adjacent pixels. The algorithm applies equally well to periodic or aperiodic pixel tilings. We present analysis and extensive tests using synthetic and real images to show that our approach using aperiodic layouts substantially outperforms existing reconstruction-based algorithms for regular pixel arrays. We close with a discussion of the feasibility of manufacturing CMOS or CCD chips with pixels arranged in Penrose tilings.

  4. Temporal super resolution using variational methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keller, Sune Høgild; Lauze, Francois Bernard; Nielsen, Mads

    2010-01-01

    and intensities are calculated simultaneously in a multiresolution setting. A frame doubling version of our algorithm is implemented and in testing it, we focus on making the motion of high contrast edges to seem smooth and thus reestablish the illusion of motion pictures.......Temporal super resolution (TSR) is the ability to convert video from one frame rate to another and is as such a key functionality in modern video processing systems. A higher frame rate than what is recorded is desired for high frame rate displays, for super slow-motion, and for video/film format...... conversion (where also lower frame rates than recorded is sometimes required). We discuss and detail the requirements imposed by the human visual system (HVS) on TSR algorithms, of which the need for (apparent) fluid motion, also known as the phi-effect, is the principal one. This problem is typically...

  5. Super-pharm的生意经

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦少雯

    2006-01-01

    Super-pharm,这家可直译为“超级药店”的以色列最大的药品、化妆品及个人护理品零售企业,是由全球排名前几十位的亿万富翁、犹太人Murray Koffler创立的家族企业。

  6. Super Resolution Imaging Applied to Scientific Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-01

    investigator, (3) development of Papoulis -Gerchberg method to implement the analytic continuation of spectral details, (4) exploration of contourlet and...off with noise present in the observation. In [30] we make use of Papoulis -Gerchberg algorithm of signal extrapolation to perform Image super...we have used a training database consisting of high resolution images. For Papoulis -Gerchberg method number of iterations and the filter used both

  7. The SuperNova Early Warning System

    OpenAIRE

    Scholberg, K.

    2008-01-01

    A core collapse in the Milky Way will produce an enormous burst of neutrinos in detectors world-wide. Such a burst has the potential to provide an early warning of a supernova's appearance. I will describe the nature of the signal, the sensitivity of current detectors, and SNEWS, the SuperNova Early Warning System, a network designed to alert astronomers as soon as possible after the detected neutrino signal.

  8. (Super-)renormalizably dressed black holes

    OpenAIRE

    Ayón-Beato, Eloy; Hassaïne, Mokhtar; Méndez-Zavaleta, Julio A.

    2015-01-01

    Black holes supported by self-interacting conformal scalar fields can be considered as renormalizably dressed since the conformal potential is nothing but the top power-counting renormalizable self-interaction in the relevant dimension. On the other hand, potentials defined by powers which are lower than the conformal one are also phenomenologically relevant since they are in fact super-renormalizable. In this work we provide a new map that allows to build black holes dressed with all the (su...

  9. Dating With Super Junior-M

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    担心情人节没人陪?还在幻想能与谁约会?2009年2月14日,梦想照进现实,SJ-M将在上海举办“情人Superman-Super Junior-M 2009上海歌会”,化身你的甜蜜情人,与你一起共度浪漫情人节。

  10. Super-Kamiokande - Present and Future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, Y. [Kamioka Observatory, Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Higashi-Mozumi, Kamioka-chou, Hida-city, Gifu 506-1205 (Japan)

    2004-12-15

    We summarize the latest results on the atmospheric and solar neutrinos from Super-Kamiokande. The atmospheric neutrino oscillation analyses with two flavors and with three flavor are discussed and the new results based on the L/E analysis are shown. New solar neutrino results based on the un-binned method is discussed. The current status of SK-II and the future prospects for SK neutrino oscillation experiment are summarized.

  11. The (Super)String Theories' Problems

    CERN Document Server

    Naboulsi, R

    2003-01-01

    (Super)String theories are theoretical ideas that go beyond the standard model of particle and high energy physics and show promise for unifying all forces in nature including the gravitational one. In this unification a prominent role is played by the duality symmetries which relate different theories. I present a review of these developements and discuss their problems and possible impact in low-energy physics. We explain and discuss some ideas concerning string field theories from noncommutative geometry.

  12. T-Duality from super Lie n-algebra cocycles for super p-branes

    CERN Document Server

    Fiorenza, Domenico; Schreiber, Urs

    2016-01-01

    We compute the $L_\\infty$-theoretic dimensional reduction of the F1/D$p$-brane super $L_\\infty$-cocycles with coefficients in rationalized twisted K-theory from the 10d type IIA and type IIB super Lie algebras down to 9d. We show that the two resulting coefficient $L_\\infty$-algebras are naturally related by an $L_\\infty$-isomorphism which we find to act on the super $p$-brane cocycles by the infinitesimal version of the rules of topological T-duality and inducing an isomorphism between $K^0$ and $K^1$, rationally. Moreover, we show that these $L_\\infty$-algebras are the homotopy quotients of the RR-charge coefficients by the "T-duality Lie 2-algebra". We find that the induced $L_\\infty$-extension is a gerby extension of a 9+(1+1) dimensional (i.e. "doubled") T-duality correspondence super-spacetime, which serves as a local model for T-folds. We observe that this still extends, via the D0-brane cocycle of its type IIA factor, to a 10+(1+1)-dimensional super Lie algebra. Finally we observe that this satisfies ...

  13. SuperB Progress Reports - Physics

    CERN Document Server

    O'Leary, B.; Ramon, M.; Pous, E.; De Fazio, F.; Palano, A.; Eigen, G.; Asgeirsson, D.; Cheng, C.H.; Chivukula, A.; Echenard, B.; Hitlin, D.G.; Porter, F.; Rakitin, A.; Heinemeyer, S.; McElrath, B.; Andreassen, R.; Meadows, B.; Sokoloff, M.; Blanke, M.; Lesiak, T.; Shindou, T.; Ronga, F.; Baldini, W.; Bettoni, D.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Luppi, E.; Rama, M.; Bossi, F.; Guido, E.; Patrignani, C.; Tosi, S.; Davies, C.; Lunghi, E.; Haisch, U.; Hurth, T.; Westhoff, S.; Crivellin, A.; Hofer, L.; Goto, T.; Brown, David Nathan; Branco, G.C.; Zupan, J.; Herrero, M.; Rodriguez-Sanchez, A.; Simi, G.; Tackmann, F.J.; Biassoni, P.; Lazzaro, A.; Lombardo, V.; Palombo, F.; Stracka, S.; Lindemann, D.M.; Robertson, S.H.; Duling, B.; Gemmler, K.; Gorbahn, M.; Jager, S.; Paradisi, P.; Straub, D.M.; Bigi, I.; Asner, D.M.; Fast, J.E.; Kouzes, R.T.; Morandin, M.; Rotondo, M.; Ben-Haim, E.; Arnaud, N.; Burmistrov, L.; Kou, E.; Perez, A.; Stocchi, A.; Viaud, B.; Domingo, F.; Piccinini, F.; Manoni, E.; Batignani, G.; Cervelli, A.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M.; Lusiani, A.; Oberhof, B.; Paoloni, E.; Neri, N.; Walsh, J.; Bevan, A.; Bona, M.; Walker, C.; Weiland, C.; Lenz, A.; Gonzalez-Sprinberg, G.; Faccini, R.; Renga, F.; Polosa, A.; Silvestrini, L.; Virto, J.; Ciuchini, M.; Lubicz, V.; Tarantino, C.; Wilson, F.F.; Carpinelli, M.; Huber, T.; Mannel, T.; Graham, M.; Ratcliff, B.N.; Santoro, V.; Sekula, S.; Shougaev, K.; Soffer, A.; Shimizu, Y.; Gambino, P.; Mussa, R.; Nardecchia, M.; Stal, O.; Bernabeu, J.; Botella, F.; Jung, M.; Lopez March, N.; Martinez Vidal, F.; Oyanguren, A.; Pich, A.; Lozano, M.A.Sanchis; Vidal, J.; Vives, O.; Banerjee, S.; Roney, J.M.; Petrov, A.A.; Flood, K.

    2010-01-01

    SuperB is a high luminosity e+e- collider that will be able to indirectly probe new physics at energy scales far beyond the reach of any man made accelerator planned or in existence. Just as detailed understanding of the Standard Model of particle physics was developed from stringent constraints imposed by flavour changing processes between quarks, the detailed structure of any new physics is severely constrained by flavour processes. In order to elucidate this structure it is necessary to perform a number of complementary studies of a set of golden channels. With these measurements in hand, the pattern of deviations from the Standard Model behavior can be used as a test of the structure of new physics. If new physics is found at the LHC, then the many golden measurements from SuperB will help decode the subtle nature of the new physics. However if no new particles are found at the LHC, SuperB will be able to search for new physics at energy scales up to 10-100 TeV. In either scenario, flavour physics measure...

  14. Super Marx Generator for Thermonuclear Ignition

    CERN Document Server

    Winterberg, Friedwardt

    2008-01-01

    In ongoing electric pulse power driven inertial confinement fusion experiments, Marx generators are connected in parallel with the target in the center of a ring of the Marx generators. There the currents, not the voltages add up. Instead of connecting a bank of Marx generator in parallel, one may connect them in series, adding up their voltages, not the currents. If, for example, fifty 20 MV Marx generators are connected in series, they would add up to a gigavolt. But to prevent breakdown, the adding up of the voltages in such a super-Marx generator must be fast. For this reason, it is proposed that each of the Marx generators charges up a fast discharge capacitor, with the thusly charged fast capacitors becoming the elements of a second stage super Marx generator. In a super Marx generator, the Marx generators also assume the role of the resistors in the original Marx circuit. With a voltage of 10^9 Volt and a discharge current of 10^7 Ampere, the generation of a 10^16 Watt GeV proton beam becomes possible,...

  15. The SuperNEMO tracking detector

    CERN Document Server

    Cascella, M

    2015-01-01

    The SuperNEMO detector will search for neutrinoless double beta decay at the Modane Underground Laboratory on the French-Italian border. This decay mode, if observed, would be proof that the neutrino is its own antiparticle, would constitute evidence for total lepton number violation, and could allow a measurement of the absolute neutrino mass. The SuperNEMO experiment is designed to reach a half-life sensitivity of $10^{26}$ years corresponding to an effective Majorana neutrino mass of $50-100~$meV. The SuperNEMO detector design allows complete topological reconstruction of the double beta decay event enabling excellent levels of background rejection. In the event of a discovery, such topological measurements will be vital in determining the nature of the lepton number violating process. This reconstruction will be performed by a gaseous tracking detector, consisting of 2034 drift cells per module operated in Geiger mode. The tracker of the Demonstrator Module is currently under construction in the UK. This ...

  16. SuperB Technical Design Report

    CERN Document Server

    Baszczyk, M; Kolodziej, J; Kucewicz, W; Sapor, M; Jeremie, A; Pous, E Grauges; Bruno, G E; De Robertis, G; Diacono, D; Donvito, G; Fusco, P; Gargano, F; Giordano, F; Loddo, F; Loparco, F; Maggi, G P; Manzari, V; Mazziotta, M N; Nappi, E; Palano, A; Santeramo, B; Sgura, I; Silvestris, L; Spinoso, V; Eigen, G; Zalieckas, J; Zhuo, Z; Jenkovszky, L; Balbi, G; Boldini, M; Bonacorsi, D; Cafaro, V; D'Antone, I; Dallavalle, G M; Di Sipio, R; Fabbri, F; Fabbri, L; Gabrielli, A; Galli, D; Giacomelli, P; Giordano, V; Giorgi, F M; Grandi, C; Lax, I; Meo, S Lo; Marconi, U; Montanari, A; Pellegrini, G; Piccinini, M; Rovelli, T; Cesari, N Semprini; Torromeo, G; Tosi, N; Travaglini, R; Vagnoni, V M; Valentinetti, S; Villa, M; Zoccoli, A; Caron, J -F; Hearty, C; Lu, P F -T; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; So, R Y -C; Barnyakov, M Yu; Blinov, V E; Botov, A A; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kononov, S A; Kravchenko, E A; Levichev, E B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Shtol, D A; Skovpen, Y I; Solodov, E P; Cardini, A; Carpinelli, M; Chao, D S -T; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Flood, K; Hanson, J; Hitlin, D G; Ongmongkolkul, P; Porter, F C; Zhu, R Y; Randazzo, N; Burelo, E De La Cruz; Zheng, Y; Campos, P; De Silva, M; Kathirgamaraju, A; Meadows, B; Pushpawela, B; Shi, Y; Sokoloff, M; Castro, G Lopez; Ciaschini, V; Franchini, P; Giacomini, F; Paolini, A; Polania, G A Calderon; Laczek, S; Romanowicz, P; Szybinski, B; Czuchry, M; Flis, L; Harezlak, D; Kocot, J; Radecki, M; Sterzel, M; Szepieniec, T; Szymocha, T; Wójcik, P; Andreotti, M; Baldini, W; Calabrese, R; Carassiti, V; Cibinetto, G; Ramusino, A Cotta; Evangelisti, F; Gianoli, A; Luppi, E; Malaguti, R; Manzali, M; Melchiorri, M; Munerato, M; Padoan, C; Santoro, V; Tomassetti, L; Beretta, M M; Biagini, M; Boscolo, M; Capitolo, E; de Sangro, R; Esposito, M; Felici, G; Finocchiaro, G; Gatta, M; Gatti, C; Guiducci, S; Lauciani, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I; Piccolo, M; Raimondi, P; Rama, M; Sanelli, C; Tomassini, S; Fabbricatore, P; Delepine, D; Santos, M A Reyes; Chrzaszcz, M; Grzymkowski, R; Knap, P; Kotula, J; Lesiak, T; Ludwin, J; Michalowski, J; Pawlik, B; Rachwal, B; Stodulski, M; Wiechczynski, J; Witek, M; Zawiejski, L; Zdybal, M; Aushev, V Y; Ustynov, A; Arnaud, N; Bambade, P; Beigbeder, C; Bogard, F; Borsato, M; Breton, D; Brossard, J; Burmistrov, L; Charlet, D; Chaumat, V; Dadoun, O; Berni, M El; Maalmi, J; Puill, V; Rimbault, C; Stocchi, A; Tocut, V; Variola, A; Wallon, S; Wormser, G; Grancagnolo, F; Ben-Haim, E; Sitt, S; Baylac, M; Bourrion, O; Deconto, J -M; Martinez, Y Gomez; Monseu, N; Muraz, J -F; Real, J -S; Vescovi, C; Cenci, R; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D; Twedt, E W; Cheaib, R; Lindemann, D; Nderitu, S; Patel, P; Robertson, S H; Swersky, D; Warburton, A; Flores, E Cuautle; Sanchez, G Toledo; Biassoni, P; Bombelli, L; Citterio, M; Coelli, S; Fiorini, C; Liberali, V; Monti, M; Nasri, B; Neri, N; Palombo, F; Sabatini, F; Stabile, A; Berra, A; Giachero, A; Gotti, C; Lietti, D; Maino, M; Pessina, G; Prest, M; Martin, J -P; Simard, M; Starinski, N; Taras, P; Drutskoy, A; Makarychev, S; Nefediev, A V; Aloisio, A; Cavaliere, S; De Nardo, G; Della Pietra, M; Doria, A; Giordano, R; Ordine, A; Pardi, S; Russo, G; Sciacca, C; Bigi, I I; Jessop, C P; Wang, W; Bellato, M; Benettoni, M; Corvo, M; Crescente, A; Corso, F Dal; Dosselli, U; Fanin, C; Gianelle, A; Longo, S; Michelotto, M; Montecassiano, F; Morandin, M; Pengo, R; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simi, G; Stroili, R; Gaioni, L; Manazza, A; Manghisoni, M; Ratti, L; Re, V; Traversi, G; Zucca, S; Bizzaglia, S; Bizzarri, M; Cecchi, C; Germani, S; Lebeau, M; Lubrano, P; Manoni, E; Papi, A; Rossi, A; Scolieri, G; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Casarosa, G; Cervelli, A; Fella, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M; Lilli, L; Lusiani, A; Oberhof, B; Paladino, A; Pantaleo, F; Paoloni, E; Perez, A L Perez; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J; Téllez, A Fernández; Beck, G; Berman, M; Bevan, A; Gannaway, F; Inguglia, G; Martin, A J; Morris, J; Bocci, V; Capodiferro, M; Chiodi, G; Dafinei, I; Drenska, N V; Faccini, R; Ferroni, F; Gargiulo, C; Gauzzi, P; Luci, C; Lunadei, R; Martellotti, G; Pellegrino, F; Pettinacci, V; Pinci, D; Recchia, L; Ruggeri, D; Zullo, A; Camarri, P; Cardarelli, R; De Santis, C; Di Ciaccio, A; Di Felice, V; Di Palma, F; Di Simone, A; Marcelli, L; Messi, R; Moricciani, D; Sparvoli, R; Tammaro, S; Branchini, P; Budano, A; Bussino, S; Ciuchini, M; Nguyen, F; Passeri, A; Ruggieri, F; Spiriti, E; Wilson, F; Monzon, I Leon; Millan-Almaraz, J R; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Aston, D; Dey, B; Fisher, A; Jackson, P D; Leith, D W G S; Luitz, S; MacFarlane, D; McCulloch, M; Metcalfe, S; Novokhatski, A; Osier, S; Prepost, R; Ratcliff, B; Seeman, J; Sullivan, M; Va'vra, J; Wienands, U; Wisniewski, W; Altschul, B D; Purohit, M V; Baudot, J; Ripp-Baudot, I; Cirrone, G A P; Cuttone, G; Bezshyyko, O; Dolinska, G; Soffer, A; Bianchi, F; De Mori, F; Filippi, A; Gamba, D; Marcello, S; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cristaudo, P; Lanceri, L; Liberti, B; Rashevskaya, I; Stella, C; Vallazza, E S; Vitale, L; Auriemma, G; Satriano, C; Vidal, F Martinez; de Cos, J Mazorra; Oyanguren, A; Valls, P Ruiz; Beaulieu, A; Dejong, S; Franta, J; Lewczuk, M J; Roney, M; Sobie, R

    2013-01-01

    In this Technical Design Report (TDR) we describe the SuperB detector that was to be installed on the SuperB e+e- high luminosity collider. The SuperB asymmetric collider, which was to be constructed on the Tor Vergata campus near the INFN Frascati National Laboratory, was designed to operate both at the Upsilon(4S) center-of-mass energy with a luminosity of 10^{36} cm^{-2}s^{-1} and at the tau/charm production threshold with a luminosity of 10^{35} cm^{-2}s^{-1}. This high luminosity, producing a data sample about a factor 100 larger than present B Factories, would allow investigation of new physics effects in rare decays, CP Violation and Lepton Flavour Violation. This document details the detector design presented in the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) in 2007. The R&D and engineering studies performed to arrive at the full detector design are described, and an updated cost estimate is presented. A combination of a more realistic cost estimates and the unavailability of funds due of the global economic ...

  17. Predicting the occurrence of super-storms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Srivastava

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available A comparative study of five super-storms (Dst<-300 nT of the current solar cycle after the launch of SoHO, to identify solar and interplanetary variables that influence the magnitude of resulting geomagnetic storms, is described. Amongst solar variables, the initial speed of a CME is considered the most reliable predictor of the strength of the associated geomagnetic storm because fast mass ejections are responsible for building up the ram pressure at the Earth's magnetosphere. However, although most of the super-storms studied were associated with high speed CMEs, the Dst index of the resulting geomagnetic storms varied between -300 to -472 nT. The most intense storm of 20 November 2003, (Dst ~ -472 nT had its source in a comparatively smaller active region and was associated with a relatively weaker, M-class flare while all other super-storms had their origins in large active regions and were associated with strong X-class flares. However, this superstorm did not show any associated extraordinary solar and interplanetary characteristics. The study also reveals the challenge in the reliable prediction of the magnitude of a geomagnetic storm from solar and interplanetary variables.

  18. Super-Resolution Imaging on Microfluidic Super-Resolution Near-Field Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Pei; TANG Lin; ZHANG Dou-Guo; LU Yong-Hua; JIAO Xiao-Jin; XIE Jian-Ping; MING Hai

    2005-01-01

    @@ We present a new concept of the microfluidic super-resolution near-field structure (MSRENS) based on a microfluidic structure and a super-resolution near-field structure. The near-field distance control, "nano-probe"and scanning can be realized simultaneously using the MSRENS, which is similar to a near-field scanning optical microscope. The design and simulation results are presented. Numerical simulation has demonstrated that the MSRENS with spatial resolution beyond the diffraction limit could be applicable in chemistry, biologics, and many other fields.

  19. SuperB: An opportunity to study baryons with beauty and bottom super-nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feliciello, A., E-mail: Alessandro.Feliciello@to.infn.it [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Torino, Via P. Giuria 1, I-10125 Torino (Italy)

    2012-05-01

    SuperB is an INFN flagship project for a new high-luminosity heavy-flavor factory. Along with its companion detector, it is dedicated to the search for CP violation effects in the B meson sector with the aim of looking for direct and indirect signals of new physics, beyond the Standard Model. However it could offer as well the opportunity for a systematic, high-statistics study of b baryon properties and for a search for bottom super-nuclei, that is bound nuclear systems with an explicit content of beauty.

  20. RESEARCH NOTES On the support of super-Brownian motion with super-Brownian immigration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪文明; 钟惠芳

    2001-01-01

    The support properties of the super Brownian motion with random immigration Xρ1 are considered,where the immigration rate is governed by the trajectory of another super-Brownian motion ρ. When both the initial state Xρo of the process and the immigration rate process ρo are of finite measure and with compact supports, the probability of the support of the process Xρi dominated by a ball is given by the solutions of a singular elliptic boundary value problem.

  1. Super-hybrid composites - An emerging structural material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamis, C. C.; Lark, R. F.; Sullivan, T. L.

    1975-01-01

    Specimens of super-hybrids and advanced fiber composites were subjected to extensive tests to determine their mechanical properties, including impact and thermal fatigue. The super-hybrids were fabricated by a procedure similar to that reported by Chamis et al., (1975). Super-hybrids subjected to 1000 cycles of thermal fatigue from -100 to 300 F retained over 90% of their longitudinal flexural strength and over 75% of their transverse flexural strength; their transverse flexural strength may be as high as 8 times that of a commercially supplied boron/1100-Al composite. The thin specimen Izod longitudinal impact resistance of the super-hybrids was twice that of the boron/110-Al material. Super-hybrids subjected to transverse tensile loads exhibited nonlinear stress-strain relationships. The experimentally determined initial membrane (in-plane) and bending elastic properties of super-hybrids were predicted adequately by linear laminate analysis.

  2. On Super Edge-Antimagicness of Subdivided Stars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raheem A.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Enomoto, Llado, Nakamigawa and Ringel (1998 defined the concept of a super (a, 0-edge-antimagic total labeling and proposed the conjecture that every tree is a super (a, 0-edge-antimagic total graph. In the support of this conjecture, the present paper deals with different results on super (a, d-edge-antimagic total labeling of subdivided stars for d ∈ {0, 1, 2, 3}.

  3. Super-resolution optical telescopes with local light diffraction shrinkage

    OpenAIRE

    Changtao Wang; Dongliang Tang; Yanqin Wang; Zeyu Zhao; Jiong Wang; Mingbo Pu; Yudong Zhang; Wei Yan; Ping Gao; Xiangang Luo

    2015-01-01

    Suffering from giant size of objective lenses and infeasible manipulations of distant targets, telescopes could not seek helps from present super-resolution imaging, such as scanning near-field optical microscopy, perfect lens and stimulated emission depletion microscopy. In this paper, local light diffraction shrinkage associated with optical super-oscillatory phenomenon is proposed for real-time and optically restoring super-resolution imaging information in a telescope system. It is found ...

  4. The Robotic Super-LOTIS Telescope: Results & Future Plans

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, G. G.; Milne, P. A.; Park, H.S.; Barthelmy, S. D.; Hartmann, D. H.; Updike, A.; Hurley, K.

    2008-01-01

    We provide an overview of the robotic Super-LOTIS (Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System) telescope and present results from gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglow observations using Super-LOTIS and other Steward Observatory telescopes. The 0.6-m Super-LOTIS telescope is a fully robotic system dedicated to the measurement of prompt and early time optical emission from GRBs. The system began routine operations from its Steward Observatory site atop Kitt Peak in April 2000 and currently operates ...

  5. "It's A-Me/Mario!"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vella, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Discussions surrounding the avatar-figure have tended to focus on its status as a manifestation or embodiment of the player. This paper complicates this understanding by arguing that the avatar is also an embodiment as a distinct character. Philosophical models of embodied phenomenology and narra......Discussions surrounding the avatar-figure have tended to focus on its status as a manifestation or embodiment of the player. This paper complicates this understanding by arguing that the avatar is also an embodiment as a distinct character. Philosophical models of embodied phenomenology...... and narratological theories of character are drawn upon in order to propose an understanding of the avatar as a ‘frame’ that structures the player’s relation to the gameworld in such a way that playing becomes not only playing as oneself, but also playing as a character....

  6. La romanza di Mario Costa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    2002-01-01

    One of the most famous and inventive Italian musicians between the XIX and XX century. His bohemian and romantic temperament made into light popular music. A brief recognition through his travels (in Italy, England and France) and his time.......One of the most famous and inventive Italian musicians between the XIX and XX century. His bohemian and romantic temperament made into light popular music. A brief recognition through his travels (in Italy, England and France) and his time....

  7. Mario Caimi, traductor de Kant

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos A. Thisted

    2014-01-01

    La recepción de la filosofía de Kant en los países de lengua hispana fue, durante las primeras décadas del siglo XIX, particularmente lenta —especialmente si se compara con Francia, Italia e, inclusive, Inglaterra—[1]. Acaso por este motivo, y a pesar de los esporádicos esfuerzos de algunas escasas figuras destacables[2], hasta mediados de dicho siglo no se encuentra ninguna traducción al español de los principales títulos de...

  8. Spin groups of super metrics and a theorem of Rogers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulp, Ronald

    2017-01-01

    We derive the canonical forms of super Riemannian metrics and the local isometry groups of such metrics. For certain super metrics we also compute the simply connected covering groups of the local isometry groups and interpret these as local spin groups of the super metric. Super metrics define reductions OSg of the relevant frame bundle. When principal bundles S˜g exist with structure group the simply connected covering group G ˜ of the structure group of OSg , representations of G ˜ define vector bundles associated to S˜g whose sections are "spinor fields" associated with the super metric g . Using a generalization of a Theorem of Rogers, which is itself one of the main results of this paper, we show that for super metrics we call body reducible, each such simply connected covering group G ˜ is a super Lie group with a conventional super Lie algebra as its corresponding super Lie algebra. Some of our results were known to DeWitt (1984) using formal Grassmann series and others were known by Rogers using finitely many Grassmann generators and passing to a direct limit. We work exclusively in the category of G∞ supermanifolds with G∞ mappings. Our supernumbers are infinite series of products of Grassmann generators subject to convergence in the ℓ1 norm introduced by Rogers (1980, 2007).

  9. New Results from Super-K and K2K

    CERN Document Server

    Wilkes, R J

    2002-01-01

    This paper summarizes recent (as of SSI-02, in some cases updated in November, 2002) results from the Super-Kamiokande and K2K experiments. The interpretation of Super-Kamiokande results on atmospheric and solar neutrinos provides strong evidence for neutrino oscillations, hence non-zero neutrino mass. While statistics are still limited, K2K data are consistent with Super-Kamiokande results on neutrino oscillations. The effort to reconstruct Super-Kamiokande following a cascade of phototube implosions in November, 2001 is described. Plans for the future are also discussed.

  10. Video super-resolution using simultaneous motion and intensity calculations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keller, Sune Høgild; Lauze, Francois Bernard; Nielsen, Mads

    2011-01-01

    for the joint estimation of a super-resolution sequence and its flow field. Via the calculus of variations, this leads to a coupled system of partial differential equations for image sequence and motion estimation. We solve a simplified form of this system and as a by-product we indeed provide a motion field...... for super-resolved sequences. Computing super-resolved flows has to our knowledge not been done before. Most advanced super-resolution (SR) methods found in literature cannot be applied to general video with arbitrary scene content and/or arbitrary optical flows, as it is possible with our simultaneous VSR...

  11. Super-Hamiltonian Structures and Conservation Laws of a New Six-Component Super-Ablowitz-Kaup-Newell-Segur Hierarchy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fucai You

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A six-component super-Ablowitz-Kaup-Newell-Segur (-AKNS hierarchy is proposed by the zero curvature equation associated with Lie superalgebras. Supertrace identity is used to furnish the super-Hamiltonian structures for the resulting nonlinear superintegrable hierarchy. Furthermore, we derive the infinite conservation laws of the first two nonlinear super-AKNS equations in the hierarchy by utilizing spectral parameter expansions. PACS: 02.30.Ik; 02.30.Jr; 02.20.Sv.

  12. Super-Liouville - Double Liouville correspondence

    CERN Document Server

    Hadasz, Leszek

    2014-01-01

    The AGT motivated relation between the tensor product of the N=1 super-Liouville field theory with the imaginary free fermion (SL) and a certain projected tensor products of the real and the imaginary Liouville field theories (LL) is analyzed. Using conformal field theory techniques we give a complete proof of the equivalence in the NS sector. It is shown that SL-LL correspondence is based on the equivalence of chiral objects including suitably chosen chiral structure constants of all three Liouville theories involved.

  13. A Trio of Super-Earths

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    Today, at an international conference, a team of European astronomers announced a remarkable breakthrough in the field of extra-solar planets. Using the HARPS instrument at the ESO La Silla Observatory, they have found a triple system of super-Earths around the star HD 40307. Moreover, looking at their entire sample studied with HARPS, the astronomers count a total of 45 candidate planets with a mass below 30 Earth masses and an orbital period shorter than 50 days. This implies that one solar-like star out of three harbours such planets. A trio of Super-Earths ESO PR Photo 19a/08 A trio of Super-Earths "Does every single star harbour planets and, if yes, how many?" wonders planet hunter Michel Mayor from Geneva Observatory. "We may not yet know the answer but we are making huge progress towards it." Since the discovery in 1995 of a planet around the star 51 Pegasi by Mayor and Didier Queloz, more than 270 exoplanets have been found, mostly around solar-like stars. Most of these planets are giants, such as Jupiter or Saturn, and current statistics show that about 1 out of 14 stars harbours this kind of planet. "With the advent of much more precise instruments such as the HARPS spectrograph on ESO's 3.6-m telescope at La Silla, we can now discover smaller planets, with masses between 2 and 10 times the Earth's mass," says Stéphane Udry, one of Mayor's colleagues. Such planets are called super-Earths, as they are more massive than the Earth but less massive than Uranus and Neptune (about 15 Earth masses). The group of astronomers have now discovered a system of three super-Earths around a rather normal star, which is slightly less massive than our Sun, and is located 42 light-years away towards the southern Doradus and Pictor constellations. "We have made very precise measurements of the velocity of the star HD 40307 over the last five years, which clearly reveal the presence of three planets," says Mayor. The planets, having 4.2, 6.7, and 9.4 times the mass of the

  14. SuperLU users' guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demmel, James W.; Gilbert, John R.; Li, Xiaoye S.

    1999-11-01

    This document describes a collection of three related ANSI C subroutine libraries for solving sparse linear systems of equations AX = B: Here A is a square, nonsingular, n x n sparse matrix, and X and B are dense n x nrhs matrices, where nrhs is the number of right-hand sides and solution vectors. Matrix A need not be symmetric or definite; indeed, SuperLU is particularly appropriate for matrices with very unsymmetric structure. All three libraries use variations of Gaussian elimination optimized to take advantage both of sparsity and the computer architecture, in particular memory hierarchies (caches) and parallelism.

  15. Production of super-smooth articles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duchane, D.V.

    1981-05-29

    Super-smooth rounded or formed articles made of thermoplastic materials including various poly(methyl methacrylate) or acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymers are produced by immersing the articles into a bath, the composition of which is slowly changed with time. The starting composition of the bath is made up of at least one solvent for the polymer and a diluent made up of at least one nonsolvent for the polymer and optional materials which are soluble in the bath. The resulting extremely smooth articles are useful as mandrels for laser fusion and should be useful for a wide variety of other purposes, for example lenses.

  16. Emergent Super-Virasoro on Magnetic Branes

    CERN Document Server

    D'Hoker, Eric

    2016-01-01

    The low energy limit of the stress tensor, gauge current, and supercurrent two-point correlators are calculated in the background of the supersymmetric magnetic brane solution to gauged five-dimensional supergravity constructed by Almuhairi and Polchinski. The resulting correlators provide evidence for the emergence of an N=2 super-Virasoro algebra of right-movers, in addition to a bosonic Virasoro algebra and a $U(1) \\oplus U(1)$-current algebra of left-movers (or the parity transform of left- and right-movers depending on the sign of the magnetic field), in the holographically dual strongly interacting two-dimensional effective field theory of the lowest Landau level.

  17. Super-utilizers get red carpet treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    MetroHealth Medical Center in Cleveland has partnered with two health plans to provide intensive care coordination for high-cost patients with multiple medical problems and, often, behavioral health issues. Nurse practitioners at two primary care sites provide one-on-one care coordination for super-utilizers. They assess the patients' needs, help coordinate community resources, and prepare a treatment plan that is flagged when patients visit the emergency department. The nurse practitioners meet with health plan representatives monthly and brainstorm on ways to meet patients' needs.

  18. The Super-B Project Accelerator Status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biagini, M.E.; Alesini, D.; Boni, R.; Boscolo, M.; Demma, T.; Drago, A.; Esposito, M.; Guiducci, S.; Marcellini, F.; Mazzitelli, G.; Preger, M.; Raimondi, P.; Sanelli, C.; Serio, M.; Stecchi, A.; Stella, A.; Tomassini, S.; Zobov, M.; /Frascati; Bertsche, K.; Brachmann, A.; Cai, Y.; /SLAC /Novosibirsk, IYF /Annecy, LAPP /LPSC, Grenoble /Orsay, LAL /Saclay /Pisa U. /CERN

    2011-08-17

    The SuperB project is an international effort aiming at building in Italy a very high luminosity e{sup +}e{sup -} (10{sup 36} cm{sup -2} sec{sup -1}) asymmetric collider at the Y(4S) energy in the CM. The accelerator design has been extensively studied and changed during the past year. The present design, based on the new collision scheme, with large Piwinski angle and the use of 'crab waist' sextupoles already successfully tested at the DA{Phi}NE {Phi}-Factory at LNF Frascati, provides larger flexibility, better dynamic aperture and spin manipulation sections in the Low Energy Ring (LER) for longitudinal polarization of the electron beam at the Interaction Point (IP). The Interaction Region (IR) has been further optimized in terms of apertures and reduced backgrounds in the detector. The injector complex design has been also updated. A summary of the project status will be presented in this paper. The SuperB collider can reach a peak luminosity of 10{sup 36} cm{sup -2} sec{sup -1} with beam currents and bunch lengths similar to those of the past and present e{sup +}e{sup -} Factories, through the use of smaller emittances and new scheme of crossing angle collision. The beams are stored in two rings at 6.7 GeV (HER) and 4.2 GeV (LER). Unique features of the project are the polarization of the electron beam in the LER and the possibility to decrease the energies for running at the {tau}/charm threshold. The option to reuse the PEP-II B-Factory (SLAC) hardware will allow reducing costs. The SuperB facility will require a big complex of civil infrastructure. The main construction, which will house the final part of the LINAC, the injection lines, the damping rings, and the storage rings, will be mainly underground. Two sites have been considered: the campus of Tor Vergata University near Frascati, and the INFN Frascati Laboratory. No decision has been made yet. A footprint of the possible SuperB layout on the LNF area is shown in Fig. 1.

  19. Super computer made with Linux cluster

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jeong Hun; Oh, Yeong Eun; Kim, Jeong Seok

    2002-01-15

    This book consists of twelve chapters, which introduce super computer made with Linux cluster. The contents of this book are Linux cluster, the principle of cluster, design of Linux cluster, general things for Linux, building up terminal server and client, Bear wolf cluster by Debian GNU/Linux, cluster system with red hat, Monitoring system, application programming-MPI, on set-up and install application programming-PVM, with PVM programming and XPVM application programming-open PBS with composition and install and set-up and GRID with GRID system, GSI, GRAM, MDS, its install and using of tool kit.

  20. Transfer function characteristics of super resolving systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milster, Tom D.; Curtis, Craig H.

    1992-01-01

    Signal quality in an optical storage device greatly depends on the optical system transfer function used to write and read data patterns. The problem is similar to analysis of scanning optical microscopes. Hopkins and Braat have analyzed write-once-read-many (WORM) optical data storage devices. Herein, transfer function analysis of magnetooptic (MO) data storage devices is discussed with respect to improving transfer-function characteristics. Several authors have described improving the transfer function as super resolution. However, none have thoroughly analyzed the MO optical system and effects of the medium. Both the optical system transfer function and effects of the medium of this development are discussed.

  1. Medical care at the Super Bowl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, J M

    2000-06-01

    Although coordinating medical care at the Super Bowl is something that we look forward to and have a lot of fun doing, we take it very seriously and understand the importance of delivering medical care at what many people consider to be the greatest sporting event in the world. It is certainly one of the most watched and recognized events in the world and because of this, we attempt to set up a system that will allow for the best medical care available and standardization of this medical care through our experience within Medical Sports Group.

  2. Mario Matus González (2012), Crecimiento sin desarrollo. Precios y salarios reales durante el Ciclo Salitrero en Chile, 1880-1930, Editorial Universitaria, Santiago de Chile, 342 pp [Ressenya de llibre

    OpenAIRE

    Yáñez, César

    2013-01-01

    El libro de Mario Matus González, Crecimiento sin desarrollo. Precios y salarios reales durante el Ciclo Salitrero en Chile, 1880-1930, marcará un hito en la historiografía chilena. Un antes y un después que tiene al menos dos pilares. Por una parte, se trata de un sólido análisis de la economía chilena en la época de la « primera globalización », que en el caso de Chile se caracterizó por un largo período de crecimiento apoyado en las exportaciones de salitre que se extraían de las provincia...

  3. Research of Figure-Ground Relation in Mario Botta Residential Design%马里奥·博塔住宅中的“图-底”关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚鹏; 魏春雨

    2012-01-01

      This paper is mainly based on the visual perception figure-ground relation theory to analy Mario Botta's private residential building ,who is the important representatives of the ticino schoo. To further explore his architectural style and thought by rereading Botta's unique architectural design gimmick.%  本文主要基于视知觉图底关系的理论,针对提契诺学派的重要代表人物——马里奥·博塔的私人住宅建筑进行分析。重读博塔独到的建筑设计手法,更深一步探究他的建筑风格和思想。

  4. Mario Carlón, Carlos Scolari. El fin de los medios masivos : Editorial La Crujía, 2009, 267 páginas

    OpenAIRE

    Tram[p]as de la Comunicación y la Cultura

    2009-01-01

    En el prólogo del libro Mario Carlón y Carlos Scolari plantean: “En el marco del proceso de cambio que actualmente caracteriza al sistema mediático y la desestabilización que, según se percibe, afecta a los medios masivos, cabe preguntarse ¿seguiremos leyendo diarios y libros? ¿Escucharemos la radio? ¿Se podrá seguir yendo al cine además de ver televisión? Quizás algunos de estos medios desaparezcan, otros sigan adelante y más de uno se adapte al nuevo sistema de medios de comunicación y logr...

  5. Mid-IR super-continuum generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islam, Mohammed N.; Xia, Chenan; Freeman, Mike J.; Mauricio, Jeremiah; Zakel, Andy; Ke, Kevin; Xu, Zhao; Terry, Fred L., Jr.

    2009-02-01

    A Mid-InfraRed FIber Laser (MIRFIL) has been developed that generates super-continuum covering the spectral range from 0.8 to 4.5 microns with a time-averaged power as high as 10.5W. The MIRFIL is an all-fiber integrated laser with no moving parts and no mode-locked lasers that uses commercial off-the-shelf parts and leverages the mature telecom/fiber optics platform. The MIRFIL power can be easily scaled by changing the repetition rate and modifying the erbium-doped fiber amplifier. Some of the applications using the super-continuum laser will be described in defense, homeland security and healthcare. For example, the MIRFIL is being applied to a catheter-based medical diagnostic system to detect vulnerable plaque, which is responsible for most heart attacks resulting from hardening-of-the-arteries or atherosclerosis. More generally, the MIRFIL can be a platform for selective ablation of lipids without damaging normal protein or smooth muscle tissue.

  6. Review of Super Crunchers by Ian Ayers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Gaze

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Ayers, I. Super Crunchers: Why Thinking-by-Numbers Is the New Way to be Smart. (Bantam Dell Publishing Group, 2007. 272 pp. Hard cover $25 ISBN 978-0-553-80540-6.Super Crunchers tells the story of how analyzing data is changing the ways in which decisions are made. We in the National Numeracy Network make a case for the importance of quantitative literacy by referring to how much quantitative information is now available to each of us: “a world awash in numbers.” Ian Ayres zeroes in on the people who are making a living crunching all of these data. From the seemingly innocuous (how wines are rated, and the scouting of baseball players to the life impacting (diagnosis of disease, and parole of inmates, this book paints a vivid portrayal of how data analysis is impacting decision making at every level in our society. The use of simple regression models and randomized trials is calling into question who the “experts” of the twenty-first century will be, and why thinking-by-numbers really is the new way to be smart.

  7. 3D super-virtual refraction interferometry

    KAUST Repository

    Lu, Kai

    2014-08-05

    Super-virtual refraction interferometry enhances the signal-to-noise ratio of far-offset refractions. However, when applied to 3D cases, traditional 2D SVI suffers because the stationary positions of the source-receiver pairs might be any place along the recording plane, not just along a receiver line. Moreover, the effect of enhancing the SNR can be limited because of the limitations in the number of survey lines, irregular line geometries, and azimuthal range of arrivals. We have developed a 3D SVI method to overcome these problems. By integrating along the source or receiver lines, the cross-correlation or the convolution result of a trace pair with the source or receiver at the stationary position can be calculated without the requirement of knowing the stationary locations. In addition, the amplitudes of the cross-correlation and convolution results are largely strengthened by integration, which is helpful to further enhance the SNR. In this paper, both synthetic and field data examples are presented, demonstrating that the super-virtual refractions generated by our method have accurate traveltimes and much improved SNR.

  8. Super Sensitive Mass Detection in Nonlinear Regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azizi, Saber; Ahmadian, Iman; Cetinkaya, Cetin; Rezazadeh, Ghader

    2015-11-01

    Nonlinear dynamics of a clamped-clamped micro-beam exposed to a two sided electrostatic actuation is investigated to determine super sensitive regions for mass detection. The objective is to investigate the sensitivity of the frequency spectrum of various regions in the phase space to the added mass and force the system to operate in its super sensitive regions by applying an appropriate pulse to its control electrodes. The electrostatic actuation in the top electrode is a combination of a DC, AC and a pulse voltage, the excitation on the lower electrode is only a DC and a pulse voltage. The governing equation of the motion, derived using the Hamiltonian principle, is discretized to an equivalent single-degree of freedom system using the Galerkin method. Depending on the applied electrostatic voltage to the micro-beam, it is demonstrated that the number and types of equilibrium points of the system can be modified. In this study, the level of the DC electrostatic voltage is chosen such a way that the system has three equilibrium points including two centers and a saddle node where the homoclinic orbit originates. According to the reported results, the mass sensing sensitivity depends on the operating orbit; some orbits exhibit considerably higher mass detection sensitivity to the added mass compared to that of a typical quartz crystal micro balance instrument.

  9. SuperAGILE data processing services

    CERN Document Server

    Lazzarotto, F; Del Monte, E; Donnarumma, I; Evangelista, Y; Feroci, M; Lapshov, I; Pacciani, L; Soffitta, P

    2009-01-01

    The SuperAGILE (SA) instrument is a X-ray detector for As- trophysics measurements, part of the Italian AGILE satellite for X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Astronomy launched at 23/04/2007 from India. SuperAGILE is now studying the sky in the 18 - 60 KeV energy band. It is detecting sources with advanced imaging and timing detection and good spectral detection capabilities. Several astrophysical sources has been detected and localized, including Crab, Vela and GX 301-2. The instrument has the skill to resolve correctly sources in a field of view of [-40, +40] degrees interval, with the angular resolution of 6 arcmin, and a spectral analysis with the resolution of 8 keV. Transient events are regularly detected by SA with the aid of its temporal resolution (2 microsec- onds) and using signal coincidence on different portions of the instrument, with confirmation from other observatories. The SA data processing scientic software performing at the AGILE Ground Segment is divided in modules, grouped in a processing pipeline na...

  10. Convolutional Neural Network Based dem Super Resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zixuan; Wang, Xuewen; Xu, Zekai; Hou, Wenguang

    2016-06-01

    DEM super resolution is proposed in our previous publication to improve the resolution for a DEM on basis of some learning examples. Meanwhile, the nonlocal algorithm is introduced to deal with it and lots of experiments show that the strategy is feasible. In our publication, the learning examples are defined as the partial original DEM and their related high measurements due to this way can avoid the incompatibility between the data to be processed and the learning examples. To further extent the applications of this new strategy, the learning examples should be diverse and easy to obtain. Yet, it may cause the problem of incompatibility and unrobustness. To overcome it, we intend to investigate a convolutional neural network based method. The input of the convolutional neural network is a low resolution DEM and the output is expected to be its high resolution one. A three layers model will be adopted. The first layer is used to detect some features from the input, the second integrates the detected features to some compressed ones and the final step transforms the compressed features as a new DEM. According to this designed structure, some learning DEMs will be taken to train it. Specifically, the designed network will be optimized by minimizing the error of the output and its expected high resolution DEM. In practical applications, a testing DEM will be input to the convolutional neural network and a super resolution will be obtained. Many experiments show that the CNN based method can obtain better reconstructions than many classic interpolation methods.

  11. Polynomial super-gl(n) algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Jarvis, P D

    2003-01-01

    We introduce a class of finite dimensional nonlinear superalgebras $L = L_{\\bar{0}} + L_{\\bar{1}}$ providing gradings of $L_{\\bar{0}} = gl(n) \\simeq sl(n) + gl(1)$. Odd generators close by anticommutation on polynomials (of degree $>1$) in the $gl(n)$ generators. Specifically, we investigate `type I' super-$gl(n)$ algebras, having odd generators transforming in a single irreducible representation of $gl(n)$ together with its contragredient. Admissible structure constants are discussed in terms of available $gl(n)$ couplings, and various special cases and candidate superalgebras are identified and exemplified via concrete oscillator constructions. For the case of the $n$-dimensional defining representation, with odd generators $Q_{a}, \\bar{Q}{}^{b}$, and even generators ${E^{a}}_{b}$, $a,b = 1,...,n$, a three parameter family of quadratic super-$gl(n)$ algebras (deformations of $sl(n/1)$) is defined. In general, additional covariant Serre-type conditions are imposed, in order that the Jacobi identities be fulf...

  12. Hot Jupiters and Super-Earths

    CERN Document Server

    Mustill, Alexander James; Johansen, Anders

    2016-01-01

    We explore the role of dynamics in shaping planetary system multiplicities, focussing on two particular problems. (1) We propose that the lack of close-in super-Earths in hot Jupiter systems is a signature of the migration history of the hot Jupiters and helps to discriminate between different mechanisms of migration. We present N-body simulations of dynamical migration scenarios where proto-hot Jupiters are excited to high eccentricities prior to tidal circularisation and orbital decay. We show that in this scenario, the eccentric giant planet typically destroys planets in the inner system, in agreement with the observed lack of close super-Earth companions to hot Jupiters. (2) We explore the role of the dynamics of outer systems in affecting the multiplicities of close-in systems such as those discovered by Kepler. We consider specifically the effects of planet--planet scattering and Kozai perturbations on an exterior giant planet on the architecture of the inner system, and evaluate the ability of such sce...

  13. Aptamer Stainings for Super-resolution Microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Castro, Maria Angela Gomes; Rammner, Burkhard; Opazo, Felipe

    2016-01-01

    Fluorescence microscopy is an invaluable tool to visualize molecules in their biological context with ease and flexibility. However, studies using conventional light microscopy have been limited to the resolution that light diffraction allows (i.e., ~200 nm). This limitation has been recently circumvented by several types of advanced fluorescence microscopy techniques, which have achieved resolutions of up to ~10 nm. The resulting enhanced imaging precision has helped to find important cellular details that were not visible using diffraction-limited instruments. However, it has also revealed that conventional stainings using large affinity tags, such as antibodies, are not accurate enough for these imaging techniques. Since aptamers are substantially smaller than antibodies, they could provide a real advantage in super-resolution imaging. Here we compare the live staining of transferrin receptors (TfnR) obtained with different fluorescently labeled affinity probes: aptamers, specific monoclonal antibodies, or the natural receptor ligand transferrin. We observed negligible differences between these staining strategies when imaging is performed with conventional light microscopy (i.e., laser scanning confocal microscopy). However, a clear superiority of the aptamer tag over antibodies became apparent in super-resolved images obtained with stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy.

  14. Sala polideportiva de Super-Lioran Francia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazzucconi, Vittorio

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available The polysports hall of the Super-Lioran winter resort, located in a crater filled with aliuvionary deposits, consists of two clearly differentiated parts: a lower one, of concrete, where there is the skating rink and various services, and an upper one consisting of hyperbolic paraboloid elements. This roof is of adhered laminate wood. The laminate roof structure rests on the ground, and almost merges with it, to later emerge from the snow giving the assembly almost an abstract nature which helps to increase the beauty of the area.

    La sala polideportiva de la estación invernal de Super-Lioran, situada en un cráter relleno de depósitos aluvionares, consta de dos partes claramente diferenciadas: una inferior, de hormigón, donde se encuentran la pista de patinaje y los distintos servicios, y una superior formada por elementos de paraboloide hiperbólico. Esta cubierta es de madera laminada encolada. La estructura laminar de la cubierta se apoya en el suelo casi confundiéndose con él, y luego emerge desde la nieve proporcionando al conjunto un carácter casi abstracto que contribuye a aumentar la belleza de la zona.

  15. Nanostructured coatings for super hydrophobic textiles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M Joshi; A Bhattacharyya; N Agarwal; S Parmar

    2012-11-01

    The promising aspects of nanocomposite coatings to mimic the nano roughened self cleaning surface of lotus leaf is explored in this paper. A detailed study on nanosilica and clay based nanocomposite coatings using dip coating and layer by layer self assembly (L–b–L) is being described where lotus leaf effect has been mimicked on the cotton fabric surface using these particles as they develop nanosized surface roughness which helps to produce a super-hydrophobic surface. Nanosilica performs better in creating nano roughness on cotton fabric wherein the contact angle is >150°. The water contact angle of 2 wt% fluoro emulsion (Nuva HPU) treated cotton fabric increases from 115° to 155° when the fabric is pretreated with 0.5 wt% nanosilica emulsion. The water repellency rating of fabric treated with 0.16 wt% nanosilica along with 2 wt% Nuva HPU is comparable to that of 4 wt% Nuva HPU treated cotton fabric. On the other hand, 40 bilayers of nanosilica need to be applied on cotton fabric surface through L–b–L technique to create uniform nano roughening and gives a water repellency rating of 4. The air permeability of L–b–L nanocoated cotton fabric is not adversely affected by the super-hydrophobic nanostructured coating.

  16. The SuperNEMO double beta decay experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Nasteva, Irina; Collaboration, for the SuperNEMO

    2007-01-01

    The SuperNEMO project studies the feasibility of employing a technique of tracking plus calorimetry to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in 100 kg of enriched isotopes. It aims to reach an effective neutrino mass sensitivity of 50 meV. The current status of the SuperNEMO R&D programme is described, focusing on the main areas of improvement.

  17. Super Bowli teooria soovitab aktsiaid osta / Fredy-Edwin Esse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esse, Fredy-Edwin

    2011-01-01

    Super Bowli teooria kohaselt tõuseb Dow Jones, kui võidab algupärase NFL-i meeskond. MarketWatchi peaökonomist Irwin Keller avaldab arvamust, miks tasuks investoritel Super Bowli tulemustele tähelepanu pöörata

  18. User Equilibrium Exchange Allocation Algorithm Based on Super Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peiyi Dong

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The theory of super network is an effective method to various traffic networks with means of multiple decision-making. It provides us with a favorable pricing decision tool for it combines a practical transport network with the space pricing decision. Spatial price equilibrium problem has always been the important research direction of the Transport Economics and regional transportation planning. As to how to combine the two, this paper presents the user equilibrium exchange allocation algorithm based on super network, which successfully keep the classical spatial price equilibrium problems (SPE into a super-network analysis framework. Through super-network analysis, we can add two virtual nodes in the network, which correspond to the virtual supply node and the super-super-demand virtual node, analysis the user equivalence with the SPE equilibrium and find the concrete steps of users exchange allocation algorithm based on super-network equilibrium. Finally, we carried out experiments to verify. The experiments show that: through the user equilibrium exchange SPE allocation algorithm based on super-network, we can get the steady-state equilibrium solution, which demonstrate that the algorithm is reasonable.

  19. Super-group field cosmology in Batalin-Vilkovisky formulation

    CERN Document Server

    Upadhyay, Sudhaker

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we study the third quantized super-group field cosmology, a model in multiverse scenario, in Batalin-Vilkovisky (BV) formulation. Further, we propose the superfield/super-antifield dependent BRST symmetry transformations. Within this formulation, we establish connection between the two different solutions of the quantum master equation within the BV formulation.

  20. Super-Group Field Cosmology in Batalin-Vilkovisky Formulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upadhyay, Sudhaker

    2016-09-01

    In this paper we study the third quantized super-group field cosmology, a model in multiverse scenario, in Batalin-Vilkovisky (BV) formulation. Further, we propose the superfield/super-antifield dependent BRST symmetry transformations. Within this formulation we establish connection between the two different solutions of the quantum master equation within the BV formulation.

  1. Super Bowli teooria soovitab aktsiaid osta / Fredy-Edwin Esse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esse, Fredy-Edwin

    2011-01-01

    Super Bowli teooria kohaselt tõuseb Dow Jones, kui võidab algupärase NFL-i meeskond. MarketWatchi peaökonomist Irwin Keller avaldab arvamust, miks tasuks investoritel Super Bowli tulemustele tähelepanu pöörata

  2. Solar neutrino measurements in Super-Kamiokande-I

    CERN Document Server

    Hosaka, J; Kameda, J; Koshio, Y; Minamino, A; Mitsuda, C; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Namba, T; Obayashi, Y; Sakurai, N; Sarrat, A; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeuchi, Y; Yamada, S; Higuchi, I; Ishitsuka, M; Kajita, T; Kaneyuki, K; Mitsuka, G; Nakayama, S; Nishino, H; Okada, A; Okumura, K; Saji, C; Takenaga, Y; Clark, S; Desai, S; Kearns, E; Likhoded, S; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Wang, W; Goldhaber, M; Casper, D; Cravens, J P; Kropp, W R; Liu, D W; Mine, S; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Sterner, C W; Vagins, M R; Ganezer, K S; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Jang, J S; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Ellsworth, R W; Tasaka, S; Guillian, G; Kibayashi, A; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Messier, M D; Hayato, Y; Ichikawa, A K; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Iwashita, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nitta, K; Oyama, Y; Totsuka, Y; Suzuki, A T; Hasegawa, M; Kato, I; Maesaka, H; Nakaya, T; Nishikawa, K; Sasaki, T; Sato, H; Yamamoto, S; Yokoyama, M; Haines, T J; Dazeley, S; Kim, B K; Lee, K B; Hatakeyama, S; Svoboda, R; Blaufuss, E; Goodman, J A; Sullivan, G W; Turcan, D; Cooley, J; Habig, A; Fukuda, Y; Sato, T; Itow, Y; Jung, C K; Kato, T; Kobayashi, K; Malek, M; Martens, K; Mauger, C; McGrew, C; Sharkey, E; Yanagisawa, C; Tamura, N; Sakuda, M; Kuno, Y; Yoshida, M; Kim, S B; Yoo, J; Okazawa, H; Ishizuka, T; Choi, Y; Seo, H K; Gando, Y; Hasegawa, T; Inoue, K; Shirai, J; Suzuki, A; Nishijima, K; Ishino, H; Watanabe, Y; Koshiba, M; Kielczewska, D; Zalipska, J; Berns, H G; Gran, R; Shiraishi, K K; Stachyra, A L; Washburn, K; Wilkes, R J

    2006-01-01

    The details of Super--Kamiokande--I's solar neutrino analysis are given. Solar neutrino measurement in Super--Kamiokande is a high statistics collection of $^8$B solar neutrinos via neutrino-electron scattering. The analysis method and results of the 1496 day data sample are presented. The final oscillation results for the data are also presented.

  3. Analysing 'super-participation' in online third spaces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graham, Todd; Wright, Scott; Cantijoch, Marta; Gibson, Rachel; Ward, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    This chapter focuses on our attempts to overcome the methodological challenges of 'super-participation' in online discussion forums, focusing on the participatory patterns and discursive activity of what we call 'super-participants'. Our principal contribution in this area (Graham and Wright 2013) f

  4. Practices and Prospects of Super Hybrid Rice Breeding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The great progress in super rice breeding both in China and other countries has been made in recent years.However, there were three main problems in super rice breeding: 1) the super rice varieties were still rare; 2) most super rice varieties exhibited narrow adaptability; and 3) current breeding theories emphasized too much on the rice growth model, but they were unpractical in guidance for rice breeding. According to the authors' experience on the rice breeding, the breeding strategies including three steps (super parent breeding, super hybrid rice breeding and super hybrid rice seed production)were proposed, and the objectives of each step and the key technologies to achieve the goals were elucidated in detail. The super parent of hybrid rice should exhibit excellent performance in all agronomic traits, with the yield or sink capacity reached the level of the hybrid rice control in regional trials. The super hybrid rice combination should meet the following criteria: good rice quality, wide adaptation, lodging resistance, resistance to main insects and diseases, and the yield exceeded above 8%over the control varieties in the national and provincial regional trials. To achieve the goal, the technical strategies, such as selecting optimal combination of the parents, increasing selection pressure, paying more attention to harmony of ideal plant type, excellent physiological traits and all the agronomic traits, should be emphasized. The yield of seed production should reach 3.75 t/ha and 5.25 t/ha for the super hybrid rice combinations derived from early-season and middle-season types of male sterile lines, respectively. The main technologies for raising seed production yield included selecting optimum seed production site, using the male sterile line with large sink capacity and good outcrossing characteristics, and improving the amount of the pollen by intensive cultivation of the male parent. According to the technologies of the three-step breeding on super

  5. Super-resolved imaging with ultimate time resolution

    CERN Document Server

    Ashida, Yuto

    2015-01-01

    Precisely and accurately locating point objects is a long-standing common thread in science. Super-resolved imaging of single molecules has revolutionized our view of quasi-static nanostructures $\\it{in-vivo}$. A wide-field approach based on localizing individual fluorophores has emerged as a versatile method to surpass the standard resolution limit. In those techniques, the super-resolution is realized by sparse photoactivation and localization together with the statistical analysis based on point spread functions. Nevertheless, the slow temporal resolution of super-resolved imaging severely restricts the utility to the study of live-cell phenomena. Clearly, a major breakthrough to observe fast, nanoscale dynamics needs to be made. Here we present a super-resolved imaging method that achieves the theoretical-limit time resolution. By invoking information theory, we can achieve the robust localization of overlapped light emitters at an order of magnitude faster speed than the conventional super-resolution mic...

  6. Complete control, direct observation and study of molecular super rotors

    CERN Document Server

    Korobenko, Aleksey; Milner, Valery

    2013-01-01

    Extremely fast rotating molecules carrying significantly more energy in their rotation than in any other degree of freedom are known as "super rotors". It has been speculated that super rotors may exhibit a number of unique and intriguing properties. Theoretical studies showed that ultrafast molecular rotation may change the character of molecular scattering from solid surfaces, alter molecular trajectories in external fields, make super rotors surprisingly stable against collisions, and lead to the formation of gas vortices. New ways of molecular cooling and selective chemical bond breaking by ultrafast spinning have been proposed. Owing to the fundamental laws of nature, bringing a large number of molecules to fast, directional and synchronous rotation is rather challenging. As a result, only indirect evidence of super rotors has been reported to date. Here we demonstrate the first controlled creation, direct observation and study of molecular super rotors. Using intense laser pulses tailored to produce an ...

  7. A Super Version of the Connes-Moscovici Hopf Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Khalkhali, Masoud

    2010-01-01

    We define a super version of the Connes-Moscovici Hopf algebra, $\\mathcal{H}_1$. For that, we consider the supergroup $G^s=Diff^+(\\mathbb{R}^{1,1})$ of orientation preserving diffeomorphisms of the superline $\\mathbb{R}^{1,1}$ and define two (super) subgroups $G^s_1$ and $G^s_2$ of $G^s$ where $G^s_1$ is the supergroup of affine transformations. The super Hopf algebra $\\mathcal{H} ^s_1$ is defined as a certain bicrossproduct super Hopf algebra of the super Hopf algebras attached to $G^s_1$ and $G^s_2$. We also give an explicit description of $\\mathcal{H} ^s_1$ in terms of generators and relations.

  8. Optimal Measures for Characterizing Water-rich Super-Earths

    CERN Document Server

    Madhusudhan, Nikku

    2014-01-01

    The detection and atmospheric characterization of super-Earths is one of the major frontiers of exoplanetary science. Currently, extensive efforts are underway to detect molecules, particularly H2O, in super-Earth atmospheres. In the present work, we develop a systematic set of strategies to identify and observe potentially H2O-rich super-Earths that provide the best prospects for characterizing their atmospheres using existing instruments. Firstly, we provide analytic prescriptions and discuss factors that need to be taken into account while planning and interpreting observations of super-Earth radii and spectra. We discuss how observations in different spectral bandpasses constrain different atmospheric properties of a super-Earth, including radius and temperature of the planetary surface as well as the mean molecular mass, the chemical composition and thermal profile of the atmosphere. In particular, we caution that radii measured in certain bandpasses can induce biases in the interpretation of the interio...

  9. The elastic buckling of super-graphene and super-square carbon nanotube networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li Ying; Qiu Xinming [AML, Department of Engineering Mechanics, School of Aerospace, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing (China); Yin Yajun, E-mail: yinyj@tsinghua.edu.c [AML, Department of Engineering Mechanics, School of Aerospace, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing (China)] [Division of Mechanics, Nanjing University of Technology, 210009 Nanjing (China); Yang Fan [AML, Department of Engineering Mechanics, School of Aerospace, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing (China); Fan Qinshan [Division of Mechanics, Nanjing University of Technology, 210009 Nanjing (China)

    2010-04-05

    The super-graphene (SG) and super-square (SS) carbon nanotube network are built by the straight single-walled carbon nanotubes and corresponding junctions. The elastic buckling behaviors of these carbon nanotube networks under different boundary conditions are explored through the molecular structural mechanics method. The following results are obtained: (a) The critical buckling forces of the SG and SS networks decrease as the side lengths or aspect ratios of the networks increase. The continuum plate theory could give good predictions to the buckling of the SS network but not the SG network with non-uniform buckling modes. (b) The carbon nanotube networks are more stable structures than the graphene structures with less carbon atoms.

  10. Experimental demonstration of light capsule embracing super-sized darkness inside via super-anti-resolution

    CERN Document Server

    Wan, Chao; Han, Tiancheng; Leong, Eunice; Ding, Weiqiang; Yeo, Tat-Soon; Yu, Xia; Teng, Jinghua; Lei, Dang Yuan; Maier, Stefan A; Lukyanchuk, Boris; Zhang, Shuang; Qiu, Cheng-Wei

    2013-01-01

    Ijon Tichy lamp allows to focus the macroscopic perfect 3D darkness surrounded by all light in the shined room. The object staying in the darkness is similar to staying in an empty light capsule because light just bypasses it. Its functionality of bending light macroscopically is fascinating, similar in some sense to the transformation-based cloaking effect. Here, we theoretically and experimentally demonstrate a binary-optical system exhibiting super-anti-resolution (SAR), in which electromagnetic energy flux avoids and bends smoothly around a nearly perfect darkness region. SAR remains an unexplored topic hitherto, in contrast to the super-resolution for realizing high spatial resolution. This novel scheme replies on smearing out the PSF perfectly and thus poses less stringent limitations upon the object size and position since the created nearly-perfect dark (zero-field) area reach 10 orders of magnitude larger than square of wavelength in size. Conceptually, it represents a novel implementation of Ijon Ti...

  11. From heavy nuclei to super-heavy nuclei; Des noyaux lourds aux super-lourds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Theisen, Ch

    2003-01-01

    The existence of super-heavy nuclei has been predicted nearly fifty years ago. Due to the strong coulomb repulsion, the stabilisation of these nuclei is possible only through shell effects. The reasons for this fragile stability, as well as the theoretical predictions concerning the position of the island of stability are presented in the first part of this lecture. In the second part, experiments and experimental techniques which have been used to synthesize or search for super-heavy elements are described. Spectroscopic studies performed in very heavy elements are presented in the following section. We close this lecture with techniques that are currently being developed in order to reach the superheavy island and to study the structure of very-heavy nuclei. (author)

  12. What is so super about super-emitters? Characterizing methane high emitters from natural gas infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zavala Araiza, D.; Lyon, D. R.; Alvarez, R.; Harriss, R. C.; Palacios, V.; Hamburg, S.

    2015-12-01

    Methane emissions across the natural gas supply chain are dominated at any one time by a few high-emitters (super-emitters or fat-tail of the distribution), often underrepresented in published datasets used to construct emission inventories. Characterization of high-emitters is essential for improving emission estimates based on atmospheric data (top-down) and emission inventories (bottom-up). The population of high-emitters (e.g. 10-20% of sites that account for 80-90% of the emissions) is temporally and spatially dynamic. As a consequence, it is challenging to design sampling methods and construct estimates that accurately represent their frequency and magnitude of emissions. We present new methods to derive facility-specific emission distribution functions that explicitly integrate the influence of the relatively rare super-emitters. These methods were applied in the Barnett Shale region to construct a custom emission inventory that is then compared to top-down emission estimates for the region. We offer a methodological framework relevant to the design of future sampling campaigns, in which these high-emitters are seamlessly incorporated to representative emissions distributions. This framework can be applied to heterogeneous oil and gas production regions across geographies to obtain accurate regional emission estimates. Additionally, we characterize emissions relative to the fraction of a facility's total methane throughput; an effective metric to identify sites with excess emissions resulting from avoidable operating conditions, such as malfunctioning equipment (defined here as functional super-emitters). This work suggests that identifying functional super-emitters and correcting their avoidable operating conditions would result in significant emission reductions. However, due to their spatiotemporal dynamic behavior, achieving and maintaining uniformly low emissions across the entire population of sites will require mitigation steps (e.g. leak detection

  13. The Superconducting Super Collider: A status report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwitters, R.F.

    1993-04-01

    The design of the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) is briefly reviewed, including its key machine parameters. The scientific objectives are twofold: (1) investigation of high-mass, low-rate, rare phenomena beyond the standard model; and (2) investigation of processes within the domain of the standard model. Machine luminosity, a key parameter, is a function of beam brightness and current, and it must be preserved through the injector chain. Features of the various injectors are discussed. The superconducting magnet system is reviewed in terms of model magnet performance, including the highly successful Accelerator System String Test Various magnet design modifications are noted, reflecting minor changes in the collider arcs and improved installation procedures. The paper concludes with construction scenarios and priority issues for ensuring the earliest collider commissioning.

  14. Super-Resonant Intracavity Coherent Absorption

    CERN Document Server

    Malara, P; Giorgini, A; Avino, S; De Natale, P; Gagliardi, G

    2016-01-01

    The capability of optical resonators to extend the effective radiation-matter interaction length originates from a multipass effect, hence is intrinsically limited by the resonator quality factor. Here, we show that this constraint can be overcome by combining the concepts of resonant interaction and coherent perfect absorption. We demonstrate and investigate super-resonant coherent absorption in a coupled Fabry-Perot-ring cavity structure. At the FP resonant wavelengths, the described phenomenon gives rise to split modes with a nearly-transparent peak and a peak whose transmission is exceptionally sensitive to the intracavity loss. For small losses, the effective interaction pathlength of these modes is proportional respectively to the ratio and the product of the individual finesse coefficients of the two resonators. The results presented extend the conventional definition of resonant absorption and point to a way of circumventing the technological limitations of ultrahigh-quality resonators in spectroscopy...

  15. Structural behaviour of super-light structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagger, Anne; Hertz, Kristian Dahl

    2010-01-01

    with a lighter and softer material, such as lightweight concrete. The combined use of stiff and light material in SLS results in structures of high stiffness and low weight. The applied technology and the advantages of SLS are elaborated upon in [1] in these proceedings. The present paper focuses......A new structural concept, called Super-light Structures (SLS), has recently been invented and patented at the Technical University of Denmark. The basic concept of SLS is to construct a skeleton of a stiff and strong material, such as ordinary or high strength concrete, and stabilize this skeleton...... on the structural correlation between the stiff material and the light material. The shape of the skeleton can be optimized for the primary load on the structure, and it will take up the majority of the load. The lighter material forms the outer geometry of the structural component (e.g. a wall), and has several...

  16. SuperDARN scalar radar equations

    CERN Document Server

    Berngardt, O I; Potekhin, A P

    2016-01-01

    The quadratic scalar radar equations are obtained for SuperDARN radars that are suitable for the analysis and interpretation of experimental data. The paper is based on a unified approach to the obtaining radar equations for the monostatic and bistatic sounding with use of hamiltonian optics and ray representation of scalar Green's function and without taking into account the polarization effects. The radar equation obtained is the sum of several terms corresponding to the propagation and scattering over the different kinds of trajectories, depending on their smoothness and the possibility of reflection from the ionosphere. It is shown that the monostatic sounding in the media with significant refraction, unlike the case of refraction-free media, should be analyzed as a combination of monostatic and bistatic scattering. This leads to strong dependence of scattering amplitude on background ionospheric density due to focusing mechanism and appearance of new (bistatic) areas of effective scattering with signific...

  17. Solar neutrino results from Super-Kamiokande

    CERN Document Server

    Takeuchi, Y

    2001-01-01

    Latest Super-Kamiokande results of the solar neutrino flux, day/night results, energy spectrum measurements, and oscillation analyses are reported. The observation period spans May 31, 1996 to April 24, 2000, which corresponds to a detector live time of 1117 days. Our preliminary results indicate 1.3 sigma difference between day and night flux, and the energy spectrum expressed as data/(BP98 SSM) is consistent with a flat spectrum with chi /sup 2//D.O.F. = 13.7/17. Comparing global-flux oscillation analysis and SK day and night spectra, MSW SMA region, Just-So region and 2-flavor sterile solutions are disfavored at 95% C.L.

  18. Supermassive blackholes without super Eddington accretion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christian, Damian Joseph; Kim, Matt I.; Garofalo, David; D'Avanzo, Jaclyn; Torres, John

    2017-08-01

    We explore the X-ray luminosity function at high redshift for active galactic nuclei using an albeit simplified model for mass build-up using a combination of mergers and mass accretion in the gap paradigm (Garofalo et al. 2010). Using a retrograde-dominated configuration we find an interesting low probability channel for the growth of one billion solar mass black holes within hundreds of millions of years of the big bang without appealing to super Eddington accretion (Kim et al. 2016). This result is made more compelling by the connection between this channel and an end product involving active galaxies with FRI radio morphology but weaker jet powers in mildly sub-Eddington accretion regimes. We will discuss our connection between the unexplained paucity of a given family of AGNs and the rapid growth of supermassive black holes, two heretofore seemingly unrelated aspects of the physics of AGNs that will help further understand their properties and evolution.

  19. Conformal anomaly of super Wilson loop

    CERN Document Server

    Belitsky, A V

    2012-01-01

    Classically supersymmetric Wilson loop on a null polygonal contour possesses all symmetries required to match it onto non-MHV amplitudes in maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. However, to define it quantum mechanically, one is forced to regularize it since perturbative loop diagrams are not well-defined due to presence of ultraviolet divergences stemming from integration in the vicinity of the cusps. A regularization that is adopted by practitioners by allowing one to use spinor helicity formalism, on the one hand, and systematically go to higher orders of perturbation theory is based on a version of dimensional regularization, known as Four-Dimensional Helicity scheme. Recently it was demonstrated that its use for the super Wilson loop at one loop breaks both conformal symmetry and Poincare supersymmetry. Presently, we exhibit the origin for these effects and demonstrate how one can undo this breaking. The phenomenon is alike the one emerging in renormalization group mixing of conformal operators in ...

  20. The SPL-based Neutrino Super Beam

    CERN Document Server

    Baussan, E; Bobeth, C; Bouquerel, E; Caretta, O; Cupial, P; Davenne, T; Densham, C; Dracos, M; Fitton, M; Gaudiot, G; Kozien, M; Lacny, L; Lepers, B; Longhin, A; Loveridge, P; Osswald, F; Poussot, P; Rooney, M; Skoczen, B; Szybinski, B; Ustrzycka, A; Vassilopoulos, N; Wilcox, D; Wroblewski, A; Wurtz, J; Zeter, V; Zito, M

    2012-01-01

    The EUROnu Super Beam work package has studied a neutrino beam based on SPL at CERN and aimed at MEMPHYS, a large water Cherenkov detector, proposed for the Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane (Fr\\'ejus tunnel, France), with a baseline of 130 km. The aim of this proposed experiment is to study the CP violation in the neutrino sector. In the study reported here, we have developed the conceptual design of the neutrino beam, especially the target and the magnetic focusing device. Indeed, this beam present several unprecedented challenges, like the high primary proton beam power (4 MW), the high repetition rate (50 Hz) and the low energy of the protons (4.5 GeV). The design is completed by a study of all the main component of the system, starting from the transport system to guide the beam to the target up to the beam dump.

  1. The Super-B project accelerator status

    CERN Document Server

    Biagini, M.E.; Boni, R; Boscolo, M; Demma, T; Drago, A; Esposito, M; Guiducci, S; Marcellini, F; Mazzitelli, G; Preger, M; Raimondi, P; Sanelli, C; Serio, M; Stecchi, A; Stella, A; Tomassini, S; Zobov, M; Bertsche, K; Brachmann, A; Cai, Y; Chao, A; DeLira, A; Donald, M; Fisher, A; Kharakh, D; Krasnykh, A; Li, N; MacFarlane, D; Nosochkov, Y; Novokhatski, A; Pivi, M.; Seeman, J; Sullivan, M; Wienands, U; Weisend, J; Wittmer, W; Koop, I; Levichev, E; Nikitin, S; Piminov, P; Sinyatkin, S; Shatilov, D; Bolzon, B; Brunetti, L; Jeremie, A; Baylac, M; DeConto, J M; Gomez, Y; Meot, F; Monseu, N; Tourres, D; Bonis, J.; Chehab, R; Le Meur, G; Mercier, B; Poirier, F; Prevost, C; Rimbault, C; Touze, F; Variola, A; Chance, A; Napoly, O; Bosi, F; Liuzzo, S; Paoloni, E; Bettoni, S

    2010-01-01

    The SuperB project is an international effort aiming at building in Italy a very high luminosity e+e- (1036 cm-2 sec-1) asymmetric collider at the Y(4S) energy in the cm. The accelerator design has been extensively studied and changed during the past year. The present design, based on the new collision scheme, with large Piwinski angle and the use of “crab waist” sextupoles already successfully tested at the DANE -Factory at LNF Frascati, provides larger flexibility, better dynamic aperture and spin manipulation sections in the Low Energy Ring (LER) for longitudinal polarization of the electron beam at the Interaction Point (IP). The Interaction Region (IR) has been further optimized in terms of apertures and reduced backgrounds in the detector. The injector complex design has been also updated. A summary of the project status will be presented in this paper

  2. Super-relativity in the quantum theory

    CERN Document Server

    Leifer, P

    2007-01-01

    The relativity to the measuring device in quantum theory, i.e. the covariance of local dynamical variables relative transformations to moving quantum reference frame in Hilbert space, may be achieved only by the rejection of super-selection rule. In order to avoid the subjective nuance, I emphasis that the notion of "measurement" here, is nothing but the covariant differentiation procedure in the functional quantum phase space $CP(N-1)$, having pure objective sense of evolution. Transition to the local moving quantum reference frame leads to some particle-like solutions of quasi-linear field PDE in the dynamical space-time. Thereby, the functionally covariant quantum dynamics gives the perspective to unify the Einstein relativity and quantum principles which are obviously contradictable under the standard approaches.

  3. Super Wilson Loops and Holonomy on Supermanifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Groeger, Josua

    2013-01-01

    The classical Wilson loop is the gauge-invariant trace of the parallel transport around a closed path with respect to a connection on a vector bundle over a smooth manifold. We build a precise mathematical model of the super Wilson loop, an extension introduced by Mason-Skinner and Caron-Huot, by endowing the objects occurring with auxiliary Gra{\\ss}mann generators coming from S-points. A key feature of our model is a supergeometric parallel transport, which allows for a natural notion of holonomy on a supermanifold as a Lie group valued functor. Our main results for that theory comprise an Ambrose-Singer theorem as well as a natural analogon of the holonomy principle. Finally, we compare our holonomy functor with the holonomy supergroup introduced by Galaev in the common situation of a topological point. It turns out that both theories are different, yet related in a sense made precise.

  4. 纽曼MOMO-SUPER CARD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    机身更薄不仅带来携带方面的优势,同时站在当今审美学的角度上也是趋势所在。机身仅有6.5毫米厚的纽曼MOMO-SUPER CARD几乎可以轻松放入你的钱包夹层中。其简洁的外观设计与苹果iPod有着异曲同工之妙,而永恒的纯黑色面板结合底部高抛光金属底壳,成为科技与艺术的完美结合体。

  5. A NOVEL SUPER-RESOLUTION BEAMFORMING ALGORITHM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Li; Guo Yan; Li Ning

    2007-01-01

    A novel simply-structured hybrid smart antenna system suitable to be used in ad-hoc network terminals is proposed in this letter.The super-resolution beamforming algorithm is also presented based on the system using DOA estimation results.The algorithm can switch the beamforming to the direction of the expected signal and get the best transmitting performance after the pre-beamforming of the Butler matrix.The shifting value formulas are presented to obtain the best SNR when there is no interfering signal and to acquire the highest Signal to Interference Ratio(SIR)as there is one interfering signal.When there are more than one interfering signals,the pre-beamforming feature of the Butler matrix Can also suppress the interfering signals.Simulation results verified the algorithm.

  6. The JASMIN super-data-cluster

    CERN Document Server

    Lawrence, B N; Churchill, J; Juckes, M; Kershaw, P; Oliver, P; Pritchard, M; Stephens, A

    2012-01-01

    The JASMIN super-data-cluster is being deployed to support the data analysis requirements of the UK and European climate and earth system modelling community. Physical colocation of the core JASMIN resource with significant components of the facility for Climate and Environmental Monitoring from Space (CEMS) provides additional support for the earth observation community, as well as facilitating further comparison and evaluation of models with data. JASMIN and CEMS together centrally deploy 9.3 PB of storage - 4.6 PB of Panasas fast disk storage alongside the STFC Atlas Tape Store. Over 370 computing cores provide local computation. Remote JASMIN resources at Bristol, Leeds and Reading provide additional distributed storage and compute configured to support local workflow as a stepping stone to using the central JASMIN system. Fast network links from JASMIN provide reliable communication between the UK supercomputers MONSooN (at the Met Office) and HECToR (at the University of Edinburgh). JASMIN also supports...

  7. Super-Resonant Intracavity Coherent Absorption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malara, P.; Campanella, C. E.; Giorgini, A.; Avino, S.; de Natale, P.; Gagliardi, G.

    2016-07-01

    The capability of optical resonators to extend the effective radiation-matter interaction length originates from a multipass effect, hence is intrinsically limited by the resonator’s quality factor. Here, we show that this constraint can be overcome by combining the concepts of resonant interaction and coherent perfect absorption (CPA). We demonstrate and investigate super-resonant coherent absorption in a coupled Fabry-Perot (FP)/ring cavity structure. At the FP resonant wavelengths, the described phenomenon gives rise to split modes with a nearly-transparent peak and a peak whose transmission is exceptionally sensitive to the intracavity loss. For small losses, the effective interaction pathlength of these modes is proportional respectively to the ratio and the product of the individual finesse coefficients of the two resonators. The results presented extend the conventional definition of resonant absorption and point to a way of circumventing the technological limitations of ultrahigh-quality resonators in spectroscopy and optical sensing schemes.

  8. Super-renormalizable and finite gravitational theories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Modesto, Leonardo, E-mail: lmodesto@fudan.edu.cn; Rachwał, Lesław, E-mail: rachwal@fudan.edu.cn

    2014-12-15

    We hereby introduce and extensively study a class of non-polynomial higher derivative theories of gravity that realize a ultraviolet (UV) completion of Einstein general relativity. These theories are unitary (ghost free) and at most only one-loop divergences survive. The outcome is a class of theories super-renormalizable in even dimension and finite in odd dimension. Moreover, we explicitly prove in D=4 that there exists an extension of the theory that is completely finite and all the beta functions vanish even at one-loop. These results can be easily extended in extra dimensions and it is likely that the higher dimensional theory can be made finite, too. Therefore we have the possibility for “finite quantum gravity” in any dimension.

  9. A Super-Resolution Laser Altimetry Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Xiaomei; Hu, Yongxiang; Trepte, Charles; Liu, Zhaoyan

    2014-01-01

    A super-resolution laser altimetry technique has been proposed to provide improved lidar altimetry from Cloud Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) lidar data, and it is applicable to other similar atmospheric profiling lidar with low-pass filters. To achieve high altimetry resolution, the new technique relies on an empirical relationship between the peak signal ratio and the distance between land surface and the peak signal range bin center, which is directly derived from the CALIPSO lidar measurements and does not require the CALIPSO's transient response. The CALIPSO surface elevation results in Northern America retrieved by the new technique agree with the National Elevation Database high resolution elevation maps, and the comparisons suggest that the precision of the technique is much better than 1.4 m. The preliminary data product of land surface elevation retrieved by the new technique from CALIPSO lidar measurements is available to the altimetry community for evaluation.

  10. Plans for Neutrino Super Beams in Europe

    CERN Document Server

    Dracos, Marcos

    2010-01-01

    Neutrino Super Beams use conventional techniques to increase the neutrino beam intensity compared to the present neutrino facilities. The first part of these facilities consists of an intense proton driver producing a beam higher than a MW power. The protons hit a target able to afford the high proton beam intensity. The produced charged particles are focused by a system of magnetic horns towards the experiment detectors. The main challenge of these projects is to produce elements able to resist to the high beam intensity for many years. New high power neutrino facilities could be build at CERN profiting from the LHC upgrades. For this reason, the initial design of these upgrades has to include the possibility to go to high power facilities.

  11. Is Super-$B$ Sufficiently Superb? -- On the Motivation for a Super-$B$ Factory

    CERN Document Server

    Bigi, Ikaros I

    2004-01-01

    Despite the great success of the $\\Upsilon (4S)$ $B$ factories at KEK and SLAC and the guaranteed addition of high sensitivity measurements on beauty decays to be performed at the Tevatron and LHC, a strong case can be made for an $e^+e^-$ Super-$B$ factory yielding data samples of order $10^{10}$ $B \\bar B$ pairs as a necessity rather than luxury. It has to be justified through its ability to not only establish deviations from the Standard Model, but also diagnose and interpret those in terms of specific features of the New Dynamics. The role to be played by a Super-$B$ factory is thus analogous {\\em and even in parallel} to that of a linear collider. The latter's goal is to provide more detailed information on previously discovered New Physics involved in the electroweak phase transition. Likewise a Super-$B$ factory would provide precision probes for analyzing whether such New Dynamics has an impact on heavy flavour dynamics -- a need particularly manifest if the New Physics is housed under the `big tent' ...

  12. In vivo acoustic super-resolution and super-resolved velocity mapping using microbubbles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen-Jeffries, Kirsten; Browning, Richard J; Tang, Meng-Xing; Dunsby, Christopher; Eckersley, Robert J

    2015-02-01

    The structure of microvasculature cannot be resolved using standard clinical ultrasound (US) imaging frequencies due to the fundamental diffraction limit of US waves. In this work, we use a standard clinical US system to perform in vivo sub-diffraction imaging on a CD1, female mouse aged eight weeks by localizing isolated US signals from microbubbles flowing within the ear microvasculature, and compare our results to optical microscopy. Furthermore, we develop a new technique to map blood velocity at super-resolution by tracking individual bubbles through the vasculature. Resolution is improved from a measured lateral and axial resolution of 112 μm and 94 μ m respectively in original US data, to super-resolved images of microvasculature where vessel features as fine as 19 μm are clearly visualized. Velocity maps clearly distinguish opposing flow direction and separated speed distributions in adjacent vessels, thereby enabling further differentiation between vessels otherwise not spatially separated in the image. This technique overcomes the diffraction limit to provide a noninvasive means of imaging the microvasculature at super-resolution, to depths of many centimeters. In the future, this method could noninvasively image pathological or therapeutic changes in the microvasculature at centimeter depths in vivo.

  13. Super-telomeres in transformed human fibroblasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiodi, Ilaria; Belgiovine, Cristina; Zongaro, Samantha; Ricotti, Roberta; Horard, Beatrice; Lossani, Andrea; Focher, Federico; Gilson, Eric; Giulotto, Elena; Mondello, Chiara

    2013-08-01

    Telomere length maintenance is critical for organisms' long-term survival and cancer cell proliferation. Telomeres are kept within species-specific length ranges by the interplay between telomerase activity and telomeric chromatin organization. In this paper, we exploited telomerase immortalized human fibroblasts (cen3tel) that gradually underwent neoplastic transformation during culture propagation to study telomere composition and length regulation during the transformation process. Just after telomerase catalytic subunit (hTERT) expression, cen3tel telomeres shortened despite the presence of telomerase activity. At a later stage and concomitantly with transformation, cells started elongating telomeres, which reached a mean length greater than 100kb in about 900 population doublings. Super-telomeres were stable and compatible with cell growth and tumorigenesis. Telomere extension was associated with increasing levels of telomerase activity that were linked to the deregulation of endogenous telomerase RNA (hTERC) and exogenous telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression. Notably, the increase in hTERC levels paralleled the increase in telomerase activity, suggesting that this subunit plays a role in regulating enzyme activity. Telomeres ranging in length between 10 and more than 100kb were maintained in an extendible state although TRF1 and TRF2 binding increased with telomere length. Super-telomeres neither influenced subtelomeric region global methylation nor the expression of the subtelomeric gene FRG1, attesting the lack of a clear-cut relationship between telomere length, subtelomeric DNA methylation and expression in human cells. The cellular levels of the telomeric proteins hTERT, TRF1, TRF2 and Hsp90 rose with transformation and were independent of telomere length, pointing to a role of these proteins in tumorigenesis.

  14. Super-virtual refraction interferometry: Theory

    KAUST Repository

    Bharadwaj, Pawan

    2011-01-01

    Inverting for the subsurface velocity distribution by refraction traveltime tomography is a well-accepted imaging method by both the exploration and earthquake seismology communities. A significant drawback, however, is that the recorded traces become noisier with increasing offset from the source position, and so prevents accurate picking of traveltimes in far-offset traces. To enhance the signal-to-noise ratio of the far-offset traces, we present the theory of super-virtual refraction interferometry where the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of far-offset head-wave arrivals can be theoretically increased by a factor proportional to N; here, N is the number of receiver and source positions associated with the recording and generation of the head-wave arrival. There are two steps to this methodology: correlation and summation of the data to generate traces with virtual head-wave arrivals, followed by the convolution of the data with the virtual traces to create traces with super-virtual head-wave arrivals. This method is valid for any medium that generates head-wave arrivals. There are at least three significant benefits to this methodology: 1). enhanced SNR of far-offset traces so the first-arrival traveltimes of the noisy far-offset traces can be more reliably picked to extend the useful aperture of data, 2). the SNR of head waves in a trace that arrive after the first arrival can be enhanced for accurate traveltime picking and subsequent inversion by traveltime tomography, and 3). common receiver-pair gathers can be analyzed to detect the presence of diving waves in the first arrivals, which can be used to assess the nature of the refracting boundary. © 2011 Society of Exploration Geophysicists.

  15. Super-strong magneto-rheological fluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, R.

    2001-03-01

    A typical MR fluid is a suspension of magnetic particles of micrometer size in a liquid. Upon application of a strong magnetic field, the fluid turns into a solid. This process is reversible and the response time is of milliseconds. MR fluids presently have a yield shear stress around 80 kPa, which is adequate for applications in shock absorbers and vibration dampers, but is inadequate for automobile clutch etc. Efforts in searching for new materials in the past decades came with limited results. Thus we have developed a new approach to change the microstructure of MR fluids and make them super-strong. It is well known that under a strong magnetic field, the ideal structure of MR fluids is a body-centered tetragonal (bct) lattice. The mechanical strength of MR fluids strongly depends on the microstructure. A bct-lattice based thick column has a much higher yield stress than a single-chain structure. When a magnetic field is applied to a MR fluid, the particles first form chains. With time, the chains may aggregate into columns. However, the unassisted aggregation is not very useful, as it is slow and produces columns with a limited thickness. Our method is based on assisted aggregations. Immediately after a magnetic field is applied, we compress the MR fluid in the field direction before a shear force is applied. The compression pushes the induced chains together to form thick columns. This microstructure change greatly enhances the yield stress. The experiment on an iron-based MR fluid finds 800 kPa for the yield stress, ten times stronger than that without the compression. When the magnetic field is removed, the MR fluid still returns to the liquid state quickly. The upper limit of this structure-enhanced yield stress seems well above 800 kPa. The super-strong MR fluids are suitable for many industrial applications. *Supported by NSF Grant 0196022

  16. Fusing visual and behavioral cues for modeling user experience in games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaker, Noor; Asteriadis, Stylianos; Yannakakis, Georgios N; Karpouzis, Kostas

    2013-12-01

    Estimating affective and cognitive states in conditions of rich human-computer interaction, such as in games, is a field of growing academic and commercial interest. Entertainment and serious games can benefit from recent advances in the field as, having access to predictors of the current state of the player (or learner) can provide useful information for feeding adaptation mechanisms that aim to maximize engagement or learning effects. In this paper, we introduce a large data corpus derived from 58 participants that play the popular Super Mario Bros platform game and attempt to create accurate models of player experience for this game genre. Within the view of the current research, features extracted both from player gameplay behavior and game levels, and player visual characteristics have been used as potential indicators of reported affect expressed as pairwise preferences between different game sessions. Using neuroevolutionary preference learning and automatic feature selection, highly accurate models of reported engagement, frustration, and challenge are constructed (model accuracies reach 91%, 92%, and 88% for engagement, frustration, and challenge, respectively). As a step further, the derived player experience models can be used to personalize the game level to desired levels of engagement, frustration, and challenge as game content is mapped to player experience through the behavioral and expressivity patterns of each player.

  17. Thematic Unity Across a Video Game Series.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason Brame

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Koji Kondo’s music is among the most recognized video game music ever written. As the composer for both Super Mario Bros. (Nintendo, 1984 and The Legend of Zelda (Nintendo, 1986, he has received international fame and recognition for his game compositions. With The Legend of Zelda series, Kondo has managed to create new music for each iteration of the series while maintaining a sense of unity across the series as a whole. Through the use of motivic and prolongational analysis, this article demonstrates how Kondo created this unity across the entire Zelda franchise, while making each game’s score unique by examining one musical element, the overworld theme, from each of the main entries in the Zelda series. A Schenkerian-like analysis is used to identify structural and motivic relationships between the various themes. This essay concludes with an examination of semiotic implications of this analysis and its impact on other aspects of the Zelda series and game music analysis as a whole. Using concepts from Barthes Elements of Semiology, I discuss the implication of the musical analysis to show how this approach can provide the basis for an in-depth look at musical signs in video games. In this discussion of thematic unity, I’m exploring both musical theme and a semiological theme.

  18. Analysis on Dry Matter Production Characteristics of Super Hybrid Rice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Six middle-season indica hybrid rice combinations,including five super hybrid rice combinations with the high yield about 10.5 t/ha and a check hybrid rice combination Shanyou 63 with a yield potential about 9.5 t/ha,were used as materials to study the dry matter production characteristics.The super hybrid rice showed a high ability in dry matter production and accumulation and its yield enhanced with the increase of dry matter accumulation.The advantage period of dry matter production in the super hybrid rice was mainly at the middle and late growth stages compared with the check.The grain yield had no significant correlation with the dry matter accumulation before the elongation stage while had a significantly positive correlation with the dry matter accumulation from the elongation to maturity stages in super hybrid rice.There were more dry matter in vegetative organs at the heading stage in the super hybrid rice but its contribution to yield (apparent conversion percentage) was averagely 4.3 percent points lower than that in the check.For crop growth rate (CGR),the comparative advantage of super hybrid rice was at the middle and late stages,especially after flowering.Moreover,as the rising of leaf area index (LAI) and leaf area duration (LAD),CGR enhanced.The total LAD and the mean of LAD per day of super hybrid rice was about 14.79% and 10.31% higher than those of the check,respectively.The results indicate that the high yield of super hybrid rice mostly comes from the products of photosynthesis after heading,which is shown by the increased CGR at middle and later stages.It is suggested that LAD character might be used to better explain the advantage in the dry matter production of super hybrid rice than LAI.

  19. Sectioning and super-resolution using unknown random patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Zachary R.; DiMarzio, Charles A.

    2016-03-01

    Random structured illumination patterns are used to demonstrate effective sectioning as well as super-resolution images in conjunction with an incoherent light source. By projecting patterns of varied spatial frequencies and using blind deconvolution of an unknown point spread function, super-resolution is achieved. Random patterns produce more consistent sectioning and super-resolution given an unknown optical transfer function. Further, using a randomly distributed pattern provides a low cost solution to obtaining information similar to that produced in confocal microscopy and other methods of structured illumination, without the requirement of precise projection patterns, coherent light sources, or fluorescence.

  20. Three dimensional super-resolution in metamaterial slab lenses

    CERN Document Server

    Mesa, F; Freire, M; Baena, J D

    2005-01-01

    This letter presents a theoretical and experimental study on the viability of obtaining three dimensional super-resolution (i.e. resolution overcoming the diffraction limit for all directions in space) by means of metamaterial slab lenses. Although the source field cannot be actually reproduced at the back side of the lens with super-resolution in all space directions, the matching capabilities of metamaterial slabs does make it possible the detection of images with three-dimensional super-resolution. This imaging takes place because of the coupling between the evanescent space harmonic components of the field generated at both the source and the detector.

  1. Representations Of The Super-virasoro Algebra fock Representations

    CERN Document Server

    Polychronidis, V J

    1999-01-01

    In this dissertation the complete classification of the Super- Virasoro modules M (h, c) of the Neveu-Schwarz and Ramond algebras is constructed. A family of representations F p, po of the Neveu- Schwarz and Ramond algebras, which generalize the Fock representations of the Virasoro algebra, is constructed. The Felder's construction of Fock space resolutions for the Virasoro minimal models is generalized in the Super-Virasoro minimal models case. In particular, a two-sided resolution of the irreducible Super-Verma module L( h, c) of the Neveu- Schwarz algebra is provided. --- 8 --- AN

  2. The rod as super-element of the subsystem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovalchuk Oleg

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article reviews some aspects of simulation of static and dynamic conditions of building bearing structures due to its necessity for durability estimation. The main method of this simulation is Finite Super-Element Method (FSEM, which is characterized by its main principle «One rod - one super-element». This element, called a super-element, may be a part of a larger multi-body system or it may be an entire mechanical system. The main algorithm of FSEM modelling focused on possible variation of bearing structure is given.

  3. Conversion of an electrospun nanofibrous cellulose acetate mat from a super-hydrophilic to super-hydrophobic surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Bin; Li, Chunrong; Hotta, Yoshio; Kim, Jinho; Kuwaki, Oriha; Shiratori, Seimei

    2006-09-01

    We report a new approach to convert an electrospun nanofibrous cellulose acetate mat surface from super-hydrophilic to super-hydrophobic. Super-hydrophilic cellulose acetate nanofibrous mats can be obtained by electrospinning hydrophilic cellulose acetate. The surface properties of the fibrous mats were modified from super-hydrophilic to super-hydrophobic with a simple sol-gel coating of decyltrimethoxysilane (DTMS) and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS). The resultant samples were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), water contact angle, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and UV-visible measurements. The results of FE-SEM and XPS showed that the sol-gel (I) films were formed on the rough fibrous mats only after immersion in sol-gel. After the sol-gel (I) coating, the cellulose acetate fibrous mats formed in both 8 and 10 wt% cellulose acetate solutions showed the super-hydrophobic surface property. Additionally, the average sol-gel film thickness coated on 10 wt% cellulose acetate fibrous mats was calculated to be 80 nm. The super-hydrophobicity of fibrous mats was attributed to the combined effects of the high surface roughness of the electrospun nanofibrous mats and the hydrophobic DTMS sol-gel coating. Additionally, hydrophobic sol-gel nanofilms were found to be transparent according to UV-visible measurements.

  4. Super(210) Pb based trace element fluxes in the nearshore and estuarine sediments off Bombay, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sharma, P.; Borole, D; Zingde, M.D

    16 dpm/cm super(2), for the core from the southern area, to 187 dpm/cm super(2), for the northernmost core, which was much higher compared to the atmospheric fallout inventory of 40-50 dpm/cm super(2). The inner creek acted as a sink for super(210) Pb...

  5. Conservation laws and self-consistent sources for a super-CKdV equation hierarchy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li Li, E-mail: li07099@163.co [College of Maths and Systematic Science, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang 110034 (China)

    2011-03-14

    From the super-matrix Lie algebras, we consider a super-extension of the CKdV equation hierarchy in the present Letter, and propose the super-CKdV hierarchy with self-consistent sources. Furthermore, we establish the infinitely many conservation laws for the integrable super-CKdV hierarchy.

  6. 3D super-resolution microscopy of bacterial division machinery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vedyaykin, A. D.; Sabantsev, A. V.; Vishnyakov, I. E.; Morozova, N. E.; Polinovskaya, V. S.; Khodorkovskii, M. A.

    2016-08-01

    Super-resolution microscopy is a promising tool for the field of microbiology, as bacteria sizes are comparable to the resolution limit of light microscopy. Bacterial division machinery and FtsZ protein in particular attract much attention of scientists who use different super-resolution microscopy techniques, but most of the available data on FtsZ structures was obtained using two-dimensional (2D) super-resolution microscopy. Using 3D single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM, namely dSTORM) to visualize FtsZ, we demonstrate that this approach allows more accurate interpretation of super-resolution images and provides new opportunities for the study of complex structures like bacterial divisome.

  7. Kuu plaat : Cardigans "Super Extra Gravity". Plaadid kauplusest Lasering

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest : Cardigans "Super Extra Gravity", Metsatöll "Terast mis hangund me hinge 10218", Ursula "Annamemenõu", Critikal "Chapter One ehk Teine Maitse", Robbie Williams "Intensive Care", Depeche Mode "Playing the Angel"

  8. Super Polishing of Aluminum 6061-T6 Mirrors Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — An innovative 2D super-polishing process for Aluminum 6061-T6 planar mirrors which removes diamond point turning (DPT) grooves and attains rms surface finishes below...

  9. Nursing Student Coaches for Emergency Department Super Utilizers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Della; Patch, Enedina; Oxandale, Brooke; Kincade, Amy; Gamber, Angie; Ohm, Ruth

    2017-01-01

    The Super Utilizer Project is a collaboration between an integrated health care organization and a baccalaureate school of nursing. The goal is to help the super utilizers access appropriate health care resources through the use of a student coach model. The student coaches provide clients with disease prevention and health promotion education and assistance specific to the clients' unique health care needs. The tenets of the theoretical frameworks of servant leadership, caring theory, and transtheoretical model of behavior change are applied throughout this project. First-year outcomes for the project were encouraging, with the total number of visits for 23 super utilizers to the emergency department decreasing from 710 annually to a projected 510 annually, and second-semester visits for 20 clients decreased from 634 to a projected 462. The students experience complex client care and collaboration with an interdisciplinary team reducing nonemergent emergency department super utilizer visits. [J Nurs Educ. 2017;56(1):27-30.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  10. Sensor System for Super-Pressure Balloon Performance Modeling Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Long-duration balloon flights are an exciting new area of scientific ballooning, enabled by the development of large super-pressure balloons. As these balloons...

  11. "SuperNoova" jõudis Fashion TVsse!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Klipp "Fashion Designer Contest - SuperNoova (Estonie) - Femme Pret ̉ Porter - Automne-Hiver 2002/2003" jõudis FTV ekraanile. Disaineritest on esile tõstetud võitjad: Jaanus Orgusaar vanemas ja Leelo nooremas kategoorias

  12. sl(1|2) Super-Toda Fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Zhan-Ying; XUE Pan-Pan; ZHAO Liu; SHI Kang-Jie

    2008-01-01

    Explicit exact solution of supersymmetric Toda fields associated with the Lie superalgebra sr(2|1) is con-structed. The approach used is a super extension of Leznov-Saveliev algebraic analysis, which is based on a pair of chiral and antichiral Drienfeld-Sokolov systems. Though such approach is well understood for Toda field theories associated with ordinary Lie algebras, its super analogue was only successful in the super Liouville case with the underlying Lie superalgebra osp(1|2). The problem lies in that a key step in the construction makes use of the tensor product decom-position of the highest weight representations of the underlying Lie superalgebra, which is not clear until recently. So our construction made in this paper presents a first explicit example of Leznov-Saveliev analysis for super Toda systems associated with underlying Lie superalgebras of the rank higher than 1.

  13. Identifying Galactic Cosmic Ray Origins With Super-TIGER

    Science.gov (United States)

    deNolfo, Georgia; Binns, W. R.; Israel, M. H.; Christian, E. R.; Mitchell, J. W.; Hams, T.; Link, J. T.; Sasaki, M.; Labrador, A. W.; Mewaldt, R. A.; Stone, E. C.; Waddington, C. J.; Wiedenbeck, M. E.

    2009-01-01

    Super-TIGER (Super Trans-Iron Galactic Element Recorder) is a new long-duration balloon-borne instrument designed to test and clarify an emerging model of cosmic-ray origins and models for atomic processes by which nuclei are selected for acceleration. A sensitive test of the origin of cosmic rays is the measurement of ultra heavy elemental abundances (Z > or equal 30). Super-TIGER is a large-area (5 sq m) instrument designed to measure the elements in the interval 30 TIGER builds on the heritage of the smaller TIGER, which produced the first well-resolved measurements of elemental abundances of the elements Ga-31, Ge-32, and Se-34. We present the Super-TIGER design, schedule, and progress to date, and discuss the relevance of UH measurements to cosmic-ray origins.

  14. Least-squares based iterative multipath super-resolution technique

    CERN Document Server

    Nam, Wooseok

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we study the problem of multipath channel estimation for direct sequence spread spectrum signals. To resolve multipath components arriving within a short interval, we propose a new algorithm called the least-squares based iterative multipath super-resolution (LIMS). Compared to conventional super-resolution techniques, such as the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) and the estimation of signal parameters via rotation invariance techniques (ESPRIT), our algorithm has several appealing features. In particular, even in critical situations where the conventional super-resolution techniques are not very powerful due to limited data or the correlation between path coefficients, the LIMS algorithm can produce successful results. In addition, due to its iterative nature, the LIMS algorithm is suitable for recursive multipath tracking, whereas the conventional super-resolution techniques may not be. Through numerical simulations, we show that the LIMS algorithm can resolve the first arrival path amo...

  15. REPRESENTATION OF SYMMETRIC SUPER-MARTINGALE MULTIPLICATIVE FUNCTIONALS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金蒙为; 应坚刚

    2002-01-01

    The authors introduce concepts of even and odd additive functionals and prove that an even martingale continuous additive functional of a symmetric Markov process vanishes identically.A representation for symmetric super-martingale multiplicative functionals are also given.

  16. Kuu plaat : Cardigans "Super Extra Gravity". Plaadid kauplusest Lasering

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest : Cardigans "Super Extra Gravity", Metsatöll "Terast mis hangund me hinge 10218", Ursula "Annamemenõu", Critikal "Chapter One ehk Teine Maitse", Robbie Williams "Intensive Care", Depeche Mode "Playing the Angel"

  17. Evaluation of Response to Super-Ovulation, Estrous ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    investigate the possible cause of low number of embryo per donor cows and ... synchronization of estrus, ovulation, or both provides a more labor-efficient way to .... treatment, as super-ovulation treatment in present study was initiated without.

  18. Super-resolution imaging in glycoscience: New developments and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junling Chen

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Carbohydrates on cell surfaces play a crucial role in a wide variety of biological processes, including cell adhesion, recognition and signaling, viral and bacterial infection, inflammation and metastasis. However, owing to the large diversity and complexity of carbohydrate structure and nongenetically synthesis, glycoscience is the least understood field compared with genomics and proteomics. Although the structures and functions of carbohydrates have been investigated by various conventional analysis methods, the distribution and role of carbohydrates in cell membranes remain elusive. This review focuses on the developments and challenges of super-resolution imaging in glycoscience through introduction of imaging principle and the available fluorescent probes for super-resolution imaging, the labeling strategies of carbohydrates, and the recent applications of super-resolution imaging in glycoscience, which will promote the super-resolution imaging technology as a promising tool to provide new insights into the study of glycoscience.

  19. Introduction of a super speed network in JNC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nosaki, Nobuhisa; Aoki, Kazuhisa [Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan); Narita, Nobuiku [Fujitsu Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    2002-03-01

    The construction of a super speed and broadband network with high cost performance is now possible through the resent remarkable development of information-communication technologies. Under such circumstances, the modification of LAN and WAN to the super speed network was required in accordance with the recent network demand in JNC. The trend of the information-communication technologies and the needs of information-communication infrastructure were reviewed as the first step. A modification of WAN to the super speed network with high cost performance was established in fiscal year 2000. This paper introduces the work procedures and the modification of the WAN in order to acquire a reduction in the running cost and the super speed network in the fiscal year. (author)

  20. Super pixel-level dictionary learning for hyperspectral image classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Wei; Zhu, Wen; Liao, Bo; Fu, Xiangzheng

    2017-08-01

    This paper presents a superpixel-level dictionary learning model for hyperspectral data. The idea is to divide the hyperspectral image into a number of super-pixels by means of the super-pixel segmentation method. Each super-pixel is a spatial neighborhood called contextual group. That is, each pixel is represented using a linear combination of a few dictionary items learned from the train data, but since pixels inside a super-pixel are often consisting of the same materials, their linear combinations are constrained to use common items from the dictionary. To this end, the sparse coefficients of the context group have a common sparse pattern by using the joint sparse regularizer for dictionary learning. The sparse coefficients are then used for classification using linear support vector machines. The validity of the proposed method is experimentally verified on a real hyperspectral images.

  1. "SuperNoova" jõudis Fashion TVsse!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Klipp "Fashion Designer Contest - SuperNoova (Estonie) - Femme Pret ̉ Porter - Automne-Hiver 2002/2003" jõudis FTV ekraanile. Disaineritest on esile tõstetud võitjad: Jaanus Orgusaar vanemas ja Leelo nooremas kategoorias

  2. A braided monoidal category for free super-bosons

    CERN Document Server

    Runkel, Ingo

    2012-01-01

    The chiral conformal field theory of free super-bosons is generated by weight one currents whose mode algebra is the affinisation of an abelian Lie super-algebra h with non-degenerate super-symmetric pairing. The mode algebras of a single free boson and of a single pair of symplectic fermions arise for even|odd dimension 1|0 and 0|2 of h, respectively. In this paper, the representations of the untwisted mode algebra of free super-bosons are equipped with a tensor product, a braiding, and an associator. In the symplectic fermion case, i.e. if h is purely odd, the braided monoidal structure is extended to representations of the Z/2Z-twisted mode algebra. The tensor product is obtained by computing spaces of vertex operators. The braiding and associator are determined by explicit calculations from three- and four-point conformal blocks.

  3. Propiedades de transporte de una superred de grafeno tipo sinusoidal

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    J. A. Briones-Torres; I. Rodríguez-Vargas

    2015-01-01

    ... a través de superredes en grafeno. Consideramos una superred con potencial sinusoidal o polaridad invertida, para ello consideramos dos maneras de crearla, una por medio de sustratos mixtos junto...

  4. Search for GUT monopoles at Super-Kamiokande

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ueno, K., E-mail: ueno@suketto.icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Kamioka Observatory, ICRR, Univ. of Tokyo, Higashi-Mozumi, Kamioka, Hida, Gifu 506-1205 (Japan)

    2012-08-15

    GUT monopole-induced neutrinos from the Sun have been searched for using a 50000 ton water Cherenkov detector, Super-Kamiokande. The greatly improved limit on the monopole flux in the local universe is shown.

  5. A super-twisted Dirac operator and Novikov inequalities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    A super-twisted Dirac operator is constructed and deformed suitably.Following Shubin's approach to Novikov inequalities associated to the deformed de Rham-Hodge operator,we give a formula for the index of the super-twisted Dirac operator,and Novikov type inequalities for the deformed operator.In particular,we obtain a purely analytic proof of the Hopf index theorem for general vector bundles.

  6. CO2 emissions from Super-light Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertz, Kristian Dahl; Bagger, Anne

    2011-01-01

    rise to a substantial reduction of the CO2 emission in the construction phase. The present paper describes how the CO2 emission is reduced when using Super-light technology instead of traditional structural components. Estimations of the CO2 emissions from a number of projects using various...... construction methods suggest that building with Super-light structures may cut the CO2 emission in half, compared to traditional concrete structures, and reduce it to 25% compared to traditional steel structures....

  7. Aspects of infinite dimensional ℓ-super Galilean conformal algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aizawa, N.; Segar, J.

    2016-12-01

    In this work, we construct an infinite dimensional ℓ-super Galilean conformal algebra, which is a generalization of the ℓ = 1 algebra found in the literature. We give a classification of central extensions, the vector field representation, the coadjoint representation, and the operator product expansion of the infinite dimensional ℓ-super Galilean conformal algebra, keeping possible applications in physics and mathematics in mind.

  8. On super efficiency in set-valued optimization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Tai-yong; XU Yi-hong

    2009-01-01

    The set-valued optimization problem with constraints is considered in the sense of super efficiency in locally convex linear topological spaces. Under the assumption of iccone-convexlikeness, by applying the seperation theorem, Kuhn-Tucker's, Lagrange's and saddle points optimality conditions, the necessary conditions are obtained for the set-valued optimization problem to attain its super efficient solutions. Also, the sufficient conditions for Kuhn-Tucker's, Lagrange's and saddle points optimality conditions are derived.

  9. Maximal speed of particles in super-Lévy process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Zheng-yan; CHENG Zong-mao

    2008-01-01

    We introduce a super-Lévy process and study maximal speed of all particles process is a measure on the set of paths.We study the maximal speed of all particles during a given time period,which turns out to be a function of the packing dimension of the time period.We calculate the Hausdorff dimension of the set of a-fast patlls in the support and the range of the historical super-lévy process.

  10. Super-resolved imaging geometrical and diffraction approaches

    CERN Document Server

    2011-01-01

    In this brief we review several approaches that provide super resolved imaging, overcoming the geometrical limitation of the detector as well as the diffraction effects set by the F number of the imaging lens. In order to obtain the super resolved enhancement, we use spatially non-uniform and/or random transmission structures to encode the image or the aperture planes. The desired resolution enhanced images are obtained by post-processing decoding of the captured data.

  11. Optical data transmission at the superconducting super collider

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leskovar, B. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

    1989-04-01

    Digital and analog data transmissions via fiber optics for the Superconducting Super Collider have been investigated. The state of the art of optical transmitters, low loss fiber waveguides, receivers and associated electronics components are reviewed and summarized. Emphasis is placed on the effects of the radiation environment on the performance of an optical data transmission system components. Also, the performance of candidate components of the wide band digital and analog transmission systems intended for deployment in the Superconducting Super Collider Detector is discussed.

  12. Mean proloculus size, delta super(13) C and delta super(18) O variations in recent benthic foraminifera from the west coast of India and their climatic implications

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Nigam, R.; Sarkar, A.

    The interrelationship between mean proloculus size (MPS), delta super(18) O and delta super(13) C vatiations in benthic foraminiferal species Rotalidium annectens and their relation with temperature (T) and salinity (S) have been studied in samples...

  13. Fabrication and Process Optimization of Super-wettability Metal Mesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHEN Hong-xia

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Super-wettability Cu mesh(200PPI was successfully fabricated by direct oxidation, liquid deposition and vapor deposition in order to expand its application ranges and enhance microstructure effect. The structure, morphology and wettability of Cu mesh were characterized by scanning electron microscopy(SEM, transmission electron microscopy(TEM, X-ray diffraction, contact angle instrument and high speed video, and the optimum preparation process of film layer was obtained. The copper mesh with a layer of knife-like flower film shows super-hydrophilic wettability on which the spread velocity of water is 3.5m/s; moreover, the super-hydrophilic mesh with hybrid structures can be switched into super-hydrophobic material (>150° by liquid deposition and vapor deposition methods; the optimum fabrication conditions to achieve super-hydrophobic performance >150° are oxidation time of 15min, oxidation temperature of 96℃, liquid deposition time of 30min and the treat temperature of 180℃ for 20min. Meantime, hybrid gaps of knife-like flowers are considered as the main reason of the super-wettability of meshes.

  14. Super-honeycomb lattice: A hybrid fermionic and bosonic system

    CERN Document Server

    Zhong, Hua; Zhu, Yi; Zhang, Da; Li, Changbiao; Zhang, Yanpeng; Li, Fuli; Belić, Milivoj R; Xiao, Min

    2016-01-01

    We report on transport properties of the super-honeycomb lattice, the band structure of which possesses a flat band and Dirac cones, according to the tight-binding approximation. This super-honeycomb model combines the honeycomb lattice and the Lieb lattice and displays the properties of both. The super-honeycomb lattice also represents a hybrid fermionic and bosonic system, which is rarely seen in nature. By choosing the phases of input beams properly, the flat-band mode of the super-honeycomb will be excited and the input beams will exhibit a strong localization during propagation. On the other hand, if the modes of Dirac cones of the super-honeycomb lattice are excited, one will observe conical diffraction. Furthermore, if the input beam is properly chosen to excite a sublattice of the super-honeycomb lattice and the modes of Dirac cones with different pseudospins, e.g., the three-beam interference pattern, the pseudospin-mediated vortices will be observed.

  15. Super-de Sitter and alternative super-Poincar\\'e symmetries

    CERN Document Server

    Tolstoy, V N

    2016-01-01

    It is well-known that de Sitter Lie algebra $\\mathfrak{o}(1,4)$ contrary to anti-de Sitter one $\\mathfrak{o}(2,3)$ does not have a standard $\\mathbb{Z}_2$-graded superextension. We show here that the Lie algebra $\\mathfrak{o}(1,4)$ has a superextension based on the $\\mathbb{Z}_2\\times\\mathbb{Z}_2$-grading. Using the standard contraction procedure for this superextension we obtain an {\\it alternative} super-Poincar\\'e algebra with the $\\mathbb{Z}_2\\times\\mathbb{Z}_2$-grading.

  16. Carbide Derived Carbon Super Capacitor Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appelgate, James; Bauer, Dave; Quirin, James; Lofland, S. E.; Hettinger, J. D.; Heon, M.; Gogotsi, Y.

    2010-02-01

    Supercapacitors can be applied into many different fields from nano-robots to high density energy storage. Growing TiC films from a know recipe and removing the transition metal element, Titanium, by chlorination leaves a carbon film that can then be applied as an electrode in a super capacitor. The problem is when the Titanium is removed from the film the stress induced by this process causes the films to fracture into isolated islands. The islands allow electrons to travel across them every easily, but there is no transfer of electrons from island to island. We present results of an investigation of a technique control the location of the fractures and use them to our benefit. Ideally, we want to create them to fracture in parallel lines. To force these fractures into straight lines we will purchase substrates with thermal SiO2 created on the surface of Si. Using an etching process we will removed a channel of SiO2 the same as the thickness of the TiC film we plan on growing. These channels will allow the fractures to form in a correlated way creating a straight line. )

  17. The Super-GUT CMSSM Revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Ellis, John

    2016-01-01

    We revisit minimal supersymmetric SU(5) grand unification (GUT) models in which the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) are universal at some input scale, $M_{in}$, above the supersymmetric gauge coupling unification scale, $M_{GUT}$. As in the constrained MSSM (CMSSM), we assume that the scalar masses and gaugino masses have common values, $m_0$ and $m_{1/2}$ respectively, at $M_{in}$, as do the trilinear soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters $A_0$. Going beyond previous studies of such a super-GUT CMSSM scenario, we explore the constraints imposed by the lower limit on the proton lifetime and the LHC measurement of the Higgs mass, $m_h$. We find regions of $m_0$, $m_{1/2}$, $A_0$ and the parameters of the SU(5) superpotential that are compatible with these and other phenomenological constraints such as the density of cold dark matter, which we assume to be provided by the lightest neutralino. Typically, these allowed regions appear for $m_0$ and $m_{1/...

  18. Super-luminous supernovae from PESSTO

    CERN Document Server

    Nicholl, M; Jerkstrand, A; Inserra, C; Chen, T -W; Kotak, R; Valenti, S; Howell, D A; McCrum, M; Margheim, S; Rest, A; Benetti, S; Fraser, M; Gal-Yam, A; Smith, K W; Sullivan, M; Young, D R; Baltay, C; Hadjiyska, E; McKinnon, R; Rabinowitz, D; Walker, E S; Feindt, U; Nugent, P; Lawrence, A; Mead, A; Anderson, J P; Sollerman, J; Taddia, F; Leloudas, G; Mattila, S; Elias-Rosa, N

    2014-01-01

    We present optical spectra and light curves for three hydrogen-poor super-luminous supernovae followed by the Public ESO Spectroscopic Survey of Transient Objects (PESSTO). Time series spectroscopy from a few days after maximum light to 100 days later shows them to be fairly typical of this class, with spectra dominated by Ca II, Mg II, Fe II and Si II, which evolve slowly over most of the post-peak photospheric phase. We determine bolometric light curves and apply simple fitting tools, based on the diffusion of energy input by magnetar spin-down, \\Ni decay, and collision of the ejecta with an opaque circumstellar shell. We investigate how the heterogeneous light curves of our sample (combined with others from the literature) can help to constrain the possible mechanisms behind these events. We have followed these events to beyond 100-200 days after peak, to disentangle host galaxy light from fading supernova flux and to differentiate between the models, which predict diverse behaviour at this phase. Models p...

  19. Super-Resolution for Synthetic Zooming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Xin

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Optical zooming is an important feature of imaging systems. In this paper, we investigate a low-cost signal processing alternative to optical zooming—synthetic zooming by super-resolution (SR techniques. Synthetic zooming is achieved by registering a sequence of low-resolution (LR images acquired at varying focal lengths and reconstructing the SR image at a larger focal length or increased spatial resolution. Under the assumptions of constant scene depth and zooming speed, we argue that the motion trajectories of all physical points are related to each other by a unique vanishing point and present a robust technique for estimating its D coordinate. Such a line-geometry-based registration is the foundation of SR for synthetic zooming. We address the issue of data inconsistency arising from the varying focal length of optical lens during the zooming process. To overcome the difficulty of data inconsistency, we propose a two-stage Delaunay-triangulation-based interpolation for fusing the LR image data. We also present a PDE-based nonlinear deblurring to accommodate the blindness and variation of sensor point spread functions. Simulation results with real-world images have verified the effectiveness of the proposed SR techniques for synthetic zooming.

  20. Three Super-Earths Orbiting HD 7924

    CERN Document Server

    Fulton, Benjamin J; Sinukoff, Evan; Isaacson, Howard; Howard, Andrew W; Marcy, Geoffrey W; Henry, Gregory W; Holden, Bradford P; Kibrick, Robert I

    2015-01-01

    We report the discovery of two super-Earth mass planets orbiting the nearby K0.5 dwarf HD 7924 which was previously known to host one small planet. The new companions have masses of 7.9 and 6.4 M$_\\oplus$, and orbital periods of 15.3 and 24.5 days. We perform a joint analysis of high-precision radial velocity data from Keck/HIRES and the new Automated Planet Finder Telescope (APF) to robustly detect three total planets in the system. We refine the ephemeris of the previously known planet using five years of new Keck data and high-cadence observations over the last 1.3 years with the APF. With this new ephemeris, we show that a previous transit search for the inner-most planet would have covered 70% of the predicted ingress or egress times. Photometric data collected over the last eight years using the Automated Photometric Telescope shows no evidence for transits of any of the planets, which would be detectable if the planets transit and their compositions are hydrogen-dominated. We detect a long-period signa...

  1. From crop domestication to super-domestication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughan, D A; Balázs, E; Heslop-Harrison, J S

    2007-11-01

    Research related to crop domestication has been transformed by technologies and discoveries in the genome sciences as well as information-related sciences that are providing new tools for bioinformatics and systems' biology. Rapid progress in archaeobotany and ethnobotany are also contributing new knowledge to understanding crop domestication. This sense of rapid progress is encapsulated in this Special Issue, which contains 18 papers by scientists in botanical, crop sciences and related disciplines on the topic of crop domestication. One paper focuses on current themes in the genetics of crop domestication across crops, whereas other papers have a crop or geographic focus. One feature of progress in the sciences related to crop domestication is the availability of well-characterized germplasm resources in the global network of genetic resources centres (genebanks). Germplasm in genebanks is providing research materials for understanding domestication as well as for plant breeding. In this review, we highlight current genetic themes related to crop domestication. Impressive progress in this field in recent years is transforming plant breeding into crop engineering to meet the human need for increased crop yield with the minimum environmental impact - we consider this to be 'super-domestication'. While the time scale of domestication of 10 000 years or less is a very short evolutionary time span, the details emerging of what has happened and what is happening provide a window to see where domestication might - and can - advance in the future.

  2. SuperB Progress Report for Accelerator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biagini, M.E.; Boni, R.; Boscolo, M.; Buonomo, B.; Demma, T.; Drago, A.; Esposito, M.; Guiducci, S.; Mazzitelli, G.; Pellegrino, L.; Preger, M.A.; Raimondi, P.; Ricci, R.; Rotundo, U.; Sanelli, C.; Serio, M.; Stella, A.; Tomassini, S.; Zobov, M.; /Frascati; Bertsche, K.; Brachman, A.; /SLAC /Novosibirsk, IYF /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /Orsay, LAL /Annecy, LAPP /LPSC, Grenoble /IRFU, SPP, Saclay /DESY /Cockroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech. /U. Liverpool /CERN

    2012-02-14

    This report details the progress made in by the SuperB Project in the area of the Collider since the publication of the SuperB Conceptual Design Report in 2007 and the Proceedings of SuperB Workshop VI in Valencia in 2008. With this document we propose a new electron positron colliding beam accelerator to be built in Italy to study flavor physics in the B-meson system at an energy of 10 GeV in the center-of-mass. This facility is called a high luminosity B-factory with a project name 'SuperB'. This project builds on a long history of successful e+e- colliders built around the world, as illustrated in Figure 1.1. The key advances in the design of this accelerator come from recent successes at the DAFNE collider at INFN in Frascati, Italy, at PEP-II at SLAC in California, USA, and at KEKB at KEK in Tsukuba Japan, and from new concepts in beam manipulation at the interaction region (IP) called 'crab waist'. This new collider comprises of two colliding beam rings, one at 4.2 GeV and one at 6.7 GeV, a common interaction region, a new injection system at full beam energies, and one of the two beams longitudinally polarized at the IP. Most of the new accelerator techniques needed for this collider have been achieved at other recently completed accelerators including the new PETRA-3 light source at DESY in Hamburg (Germany) and the upgraded DAFNE collider at the INFN laboratory at Frascati (Italy), or during design studies of CLIC or the International Linear Collider (ILC). The project is to be designed and constructed by a worldwide collaboration of accelerator and engineering staff along with ties to industry. To save significant construction costs, many components from the PEP-II collider at SLAC will be recycled and used in this new accelerator. The interaction region will be designed in collaboration with the particle physics detector to guarantee successful mutual use. The accelerator collaboration will consist of several groups at present

  3. The super-GUT CMSSM revisited

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellis, John [King' s College London, Theoretical Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, London (United Kingdom); CERN, Theoretical Physics Department, Geneva (Switzerland); Evans, Jason L. [KIAS, School of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Mustafayev, Azar; Nagata, Natsumi; Olive, Keith A. [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    2016-11-15

    We revisit minimal supersymmetric SU(5) grand unification (GUT) models in which the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) are universal at some input scale, M{sub in}, above the supersymmetric gauge-coupling unification scale, M{sub GUT}. As in the constrained MSSM (CMSSM), we assume that the scalar masses and gaugino masses have common values, m{sub 0} and m{sub 1/2}, respectively, at M{sub in}, as do the trilinear soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters A{sub 0}. Going beyond previous studies of such a super-GUT CMSSM scenario, we explore the constraints imposed by the lower limit on the proton lifetime and the LHC measurement of the Higgs mass, m{sub h}. We find regions of m{sub 0}, m{sub 1/2}, A{sub 0} and the parameters of the SU(5) superpotential that are compatible with these and other phenomenological constraints such as the density of cold dark matter, which we assume to be provided by the lightest neutralino. Typically, these allowed regions appear for m{sub 0} and m{sub 1/2} in the multi-TeV region, for suitable values of the unknown SU(5) GUT-scale phases and superpotential couplings, and with the ratio of supersymmetric Higgs vacuum expectation values tanβ

  4. Simulating super earth atmospheres in the laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claudi, R.; Erculiani, M. S.; Galletta, G.; Billi, D.; Pace, E.; Schierano, D.; Giro, E.; D'Alessandro, M.

    2016-01-01

    Several space missions, such as JWST, TESS and the very recently proposed ARIEL, or ground-based experiments, as SPHERE and GPI, have been proposed to measure the atmospheric transmission, reflection and emission spectra of extrasolar planets. The planet atmosphere characteristics and possible biosignatures will be inferred by studying planetary spectra in order to identify the emission/absorption lines/bands from atmospheric molecules such as water (H2O), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), ammonia (NH3), etc. In particular, it is important to know in detail the optical characteristics of gases in the typical physical conditions of the planetary atmospheres and how these characteristics could be affected by radiation driven photochemical and biochemical reaction. The main aim of the project `Atmosphere in a Test Tube' is to provide insights on exoplanet atmosphere modification due to biological intervention. This can be achieved simulating planetary atmosphere at different pressure and temperature conditions under the effects of radiation sources, used as proxies of different bands of the stellar emission. We are tackling the characterization of extrasolar planet atmospheres by mean of innovative laboratory experiments described in this paper. The experiments are intended to reproduce the conditions on warm earths and super earths hosted by low-mass M dwarfs primaries with the aim to understand if a cyanobacteria population hosted on a Earth-like planet orbiting an M0 star is able to maintain its photosynthetic activity and produce traceable signatures.

  5. Super-renormalizable Multidimensional Quantum Gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Modesto, Leonardo

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we introduce a perturbatively super-renormalizable and unitary theory of quantum gravity in any dimension D. The theory presents two entire functions, a.k.a. "form factors", and a finite number of local operators required by the quantum consistency of the theory itself. The main reason to introduce the entire functions is to avoid ghosts (states of negative norm) like the one in the four-dimensional Stelle's theory. The new theory is indeed ghost-free since the two entire functions have the property to generalize the Einstein-Hilbert action without introducing new poles in the propagator. The theory is renormalizable at one loop and finite from two loops upward. In this paper we essentially study three classes of form factors, systematically showing the tree-level unitarity. We prove that the gravitation potential is regular in r = 0 for all the choices of form factors compatible with renormalizability and unitarity. We also include Black hole spherical symmetric solutions omitting higher curvat...

  6. Super heat pump energy accumulation system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-08-20

    The SHP is a project for which NEDO is commissioned as a part of the Moonlight Project by MITI and has developed since 1985. This report introduced mainly the practical results(trial operation study of the 100kW class bench scale plant) in 1988 fiscal year and the present situation of SHP technical development. Further, this report introduced the estimation of the effects of carbon dioxide decrease and energy saving on the global warmimg up. On the bench scale experiment, the 100kW class compressive heat pump of super high performance and a 10Mcal class high density chemical energy storing technique between higher temperature(100{sup 0}C or more) and cooler temperature(10{sup 0}C or less) were established. The energy saving effect for business, industry and cooling energy in Japan by SHP is estimated to be 205kl(oil)/year in 2000 and CO{sub 2} reducing effect is estimated to be about 820,000tons/Year. 2 refs., 4figs.

  7. Super CCD SR是什么

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    我最近看到富士公司新上市的数字相机FinePix S3 Pro的像素为:617万S像素,617万R像素,共1234万像素。请问:什么是S像素,什么是R像素?为什么富士的相机的像素标明S和R像素.而其它品牌的数字相机没有这样标明.富士相机的Super CCD SR传感器与其他品牌数字相机的CCD传感器相比,有什么特点?为什么总像素1234万像素;而有效像素却只有610万像素?另外。数字相机用的CMOS传感器与CCD传感器有什么异同?

  8. Solar Neutrino Results from Super-Kamiokande

    CERN Document Server

    Renshaw, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Super-Kamiokande-IV (SK-IV) data taking began in September of 2008, after upgrading the electronics and data acquisition system. Due to these upgrades and improvements to water system dynamics, calibration and analysis techniques, a solar neutrino signal could be extracted at recoil electron kinetic energies as low as 3.5 MeV. When the SK-IV data is combined with the previous three SK phases, the SK extracted solar neutrino flux is found to be $[2.37\\pm0.015\\mbox{(stat.)}\\pm0.04\\mbox{(syst.)}]\\times10^6$/(cm$^{2}$sec). The combination of the SK recoil electron energy spectra slightly favors distortions due to a changing electron flavor content. Such distortions are predicted when assuming standard solar neutrino oscillation solutions. An extended maximum likelihood fit to the amplitude of the expected solar zenith angle variation of the neutrino-electron elastic scattering rate results in a day-night asymmetry of $[-3.2\\pm1.1$(stat.)$\\pm0.5$(syst.)]$\\%$. A solar neutrino global oscillation analysis including ...

  9. Solar neutrino analysis of Super-Kamiokande

    CERN Document Server

    Sekiya, Hiroyuki

    2013-01-01

    Super-Kamiokande-IV data taking began in September of 2008, and with upgraded electronics and improvements to water system dynamics, calibration and analysis techniques, a clear solar neutrino signal could be extracted at recoil electron kinetic energies as low as 3.5 MeV. The SK-IV extracted solar neutrino flux between 3.5 and 19.5 MeV is found to be (2.36$\\pm$0.02(stat.)$\\pm$0.04(syst.))$\\times 10^6$ /(cm$^2$sec). The SK combined recoil electron energy spectrum favors distortions predicted by standard neutrino flavour oscillation parameters over a flat suppression at 1$\\sigma$ level. A maximum likelihood fit to the amplitude of the expected solar zenith angle variation of the elastic neutrino-electron scattering rate in SK, results in a day/night asymmetry of $-3.2\\pm1.1$(stat.)$\\pm$0.5(syst.)$%$. The 2.7 $\\sigma$ significance of non-zero asymmetry is the first indication of the regeneration of electron type solar neutrinos as they travel through Earth's matter. A fit to all solar neutrino data and KamLAND ...

  10. Philosophy of particles in super quantum structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arezu Jahanshir

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A structure bases on new observations of physics theories that able to express today’s scientific developments. This article is a starting points of philosophically perceive in particle physics.  It is imagining and accenting on the new quantum particles which exist beyond the bosons and fermions. Topics for discussion about space and super quantum filed has been written due to justify physical fields and particles. In general, the transfer particles, fields and particles produced have been established in this approach. Presenting an approach and providing a new perspective on the primary structure of the world and around us from past until now, is the integral part of the different science such as physics.The scholars and experts in the area of elementary particles and fields generally have proposed just a model for the patterns and structures of matter through them the result of practical experiments and theoretical calculations were orientated to each other. In other words, the structure and definition of elementary particles haven’t provided which integrate all the characteristics of fields and particles from bosons to fermions and describe their characteristics and essence. So well we can try to investigate the word and structure of cosmos before and much earlier than the Big Bang moment. Due to this view, many uncertainties and vague concepts will be cleared and the way to interesting theories and equations in physics will be opened to us.

  11. New Physics at a Super Flavor Factory

    CERN Document Server

    Browder, Thomas E; Pirjol, Dan; Soni, Amarjit; Zupan, Jure

    2009-01-01

    The potential of a Super Flavor Factory (SFF) for searches of New Physics is reviewed. While very high luminosity B physics is assumed to be at the core of the program, its scope for extensive charm and tau studies are also emphasized. The possibility to run at the Upsilon(5S) as well as at the Upsilon(4S) is also very briefly discussed; in principle, this could provide very clean measurements of B_s decays. The strength and reach of a SFF is most notably due to the possibility of examining an impressive array of very clean observables. The angles and the sides of the unitarity triangle can be determined with unprecedented accuracy. These serve as a reference for New Physics (NP) sensitive decays such as B^+ ->tau^+ nu and penguin dominated hadronic decay modes, providing tests of generic NP scenarios with an accuracy of a few percent. Besides, very precise studies of direct and time dependent CP asymmetries in radiative B decays and forward-backward asymmetry studies in B -> X_s l^+ l^- and numerous null tes...

  12. Calibration of the Super-Kamiokande Detector

    CERN Document Server

    Abe, K; Iida, T; Iyogi, K; Kameda, J; Kishimoto, Y; Koshio, Y; Marti, Ll; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakano, Y; Nakayama, S; Obayashi, Y; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Takenaga, Y; Tanaka, H; Tomura, T; Ueno, K; Wendell, R A; Yokozawa, T; Irvine, T J; Kaji, H; Kajita, T; Kaneyuki, K; Lee, K P; Nishimura, Y; Okumura, K; McLachlan, T; Labarga, L; Kearns, E; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Berkman, S; Tanaka, H A; Tobayama, S; Goldhaber, M; Bays, K; Carminati, G; Kropp, W R; Mine, S; Renshaw, A; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Ganezer, K S; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Jang, J S; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Hong, N; Akiri, T; Albert, J B; Himmel, A; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Wongjirad, T; Ishizuka, T; Tasaka, S; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Smith, S N; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nishikawa, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, A T; Takeuchi, Y; Huang, K; Ieki, K; Ikeda, M; Kikawa, T; Kubo, H; Minamino, A; Murakami, A; Nakaya, T; Otani, M; Suzuki, K; Takahashi, S; Fukuda, Y; Choi, K; Itow, Y; Mitsuka, G; Miyake, M; Mijakowski, P; Tacik, R; Hignight, J; Imber, J; Jung, C K; Taylor, I; Yanagisawa, C; Idehara, Y; Ishino, H; Kibayashi, A; Mori, T; Sakuda, M; Yamaguchi, R; Yano, T; Kuno, Y; Kim, S B; Yang, B S; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Nishijima, K; Koshiba, M; Totsuka, Y; Yokoyama, M; Martens, K; Vagins, M R; Martin, J F; de Perio, P; Konaka, A; Wilking, M J; Chen, S; Heng, Y; Sui, H; Yang, Z; Zhang, H; Zhenwei, Y; Connolly, K; Dziomba, M; Wilkes, R J

    2013-01-01

    Procedures and results on hardware level detector calibration in Super-Kamiokande (SK) are presented in this paper. In particular, we report improvements made in our calibration methods for the experimental phase IV in which new readout electronics have been operating since 2008. The topics are separated into two parts. The first part describes the determination of constants needed to interpret the digitized output of our electronics so that we can obtain physical numbers such as photon counts and their arrival times for each photomultiplier tube (PMT). In this context, we developed an in-situ procedure to determine high-voltage settings for PMTs in large detectors like SK, as well as a new method for measuring PMT quantum efficiency and gain in such a detector. The second part describes the modeling of the detector in our Monte Carlo simulation, including in particular the optical properties of its water target and their variability over time. Detailed studies on the water quality are also presented. As a re...

  13. Management of Super-super Obese Patients: Comparison Between Mini (One Anastomosis) Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhok, Brijesh; Mahawar, Kamal K; Boyle, Maureen; Carr, William R J; Jennings, Neil; Schroeder, Norbert; Balupuri, Shlok; Small, Peter K

    2016-07-01

    Management of super-super obese patients poses a particular challenge for bariatric surgeons. Many staged algorithms exist for these patients. Essentially all of these involve a lower-risk procedure like sleeve gastrectomy first before a definitive second-stage procedure like gastric bypass or duodenal switch. This study compares our results with 19 mini (one anastomosis) gastric bypass and 56 sleeve gastrectomy in super-super obese patients. Sleeve gastrectomy patients were significantly older. There was no mortality or major complication in either group. There was no minor complication in mini (one anastomosis) gastric bypass group compared to two in the sleeve gastrectomy group. Mini (one anastomsosis) gastric bypass patients experienced significantly higher weight loss compared to sleeve gastrectomy patients at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery.

  14. CoRoT-7 b: Super-Earth or Super-Io?

    CERN Document Server

    Barnes, Rory; Greenberg, Richard; Jackson, Brian; Kaib, Nathan A

    2009-01-01

    CoRoT-7 b, a planet about 70% larger than the Earth orbiting a Sun-like star, is the first-discovered rocky exoplanet, and hence has been dubbed a "super-Earth". Some initial studies suggested that since the planet is so close to its host star, it receives enough insolation to partially melt its surface. However, these past studies failed to take into consideration the role that tides may play in this system. Even if the planet's eccentricity has always been zero, we show that tidal decay of semi-major axis could have been large enough that the planet formed on a wider orbit which received less insolation. Moreover, CoRoT-7 b could be tidally heated at a rate that dominates its geophysics and drives extreme volcanism. In this case, CoRoT-7 b is a "super-Io" that, like Jupiter's volcanic moon, is dominated by volcanism and rapid resurfacing. Such heating could occur with an eccentricity of just 10^-5. This small value could be driven by CoRoT-7 c if its own eccentricity is larger than ~10^-4. CoRoT-7 b may be ...

  15. 3-D In Vitro Acoustic Super-Resolution and Super-Resolved Velocity Mapping Using Microbubbles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen-Jeffries, Kirsten; Brown, Jemma; Aljabar, Paul; Tang, Mengxing; Dunsby, Christopher; Eckersley, Robert J

    2017-07-31

    Standard clinical ultrasound (US) imaging frequencies are unable to resolve microvascular structures due to the fundamental diffraction limit of US waves. Recent demonstrations of 2D super-resolution both in vitro and in vivo have demonstrated that fine vascular structures can be visualized using acoustic single bubble localization. Visualization of more complex and disordered 3D vasculature, such as that of a tumor, requires an acquisition strategy which can additionally localize bubbles in the elevational plane with high precision in order to generate super-resolution in all three dimensions. Furthermore, a particular challenge lies in the need to provide this level of visualization with minimal acquisition time. In this work, we develop a fast, coherent US imaging tool for microbubble localization in 3D using a pair of US transducers positioned at 90°. This allowed detection of point scatterer signals in 3 dimensions with average precisions equal to 1.9 µm in axial and elevational planes, and 11 µm in the lateral plane, compared to the diffraction limited point spread function full widths at half maximum of 488 µm, 1188 µm and 953 µm of the original imaging system with a single transducer. Visualization and velocity mapping of 3D in vitro structures was demonstrated far beyond the diffraction limit. The capability to measure the complete flow pattern of blood vessels associated with disease at depth would ultimately enable analysis of in vivo microvascular morphology, blood flow dynamics and occlusions resulting from disease states.

  16. SuperB: A High-Luminosity Asymmetric e+e- Super Flavor Factory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bona, M.; /et al.

    2007-05-18

    We discuss herein the exciting physics program that can be accomplished with a very large sample of heavy quark and heavy lepton decays produced in the very clean environment of an e{sup +}e{sup -} collider; a program complementary to that of an experiment such as LHCb at a hadronic machine. It then presents the conceptual design of a new type of e{sup +}e{sup -} collider that produces a nearly two-order-of-magnitude increase in luminosity over the current generation of asymmetric B Factories. The key idea is the use of low emittance beams produced in an accelerator lattice derived from the ILC Damping Ring Design, together with a new collision region, again with roots in the ILC final focus design, but with important new concepts developed in this design effort. Remarkably, SuperB produces this very large improvement in luminosity with circulating currents and wallplug power similar to those of the current B Factories. There is clear synergy with ILC R&D; design efforts have already influenced one another, and many aspects of the ILC Damping Rings and Final Focus would be operationally tested at SuperB. Finally, the design of an appropriate detector, based on an upgrade of BABAR as an example, is discussed in some detail. A preliminary cost estimate is presented, as is an example construction timeline.

  17. Construcción del Conocimiento Profesional del Profesor de Ciencias Naturales en el Contexto de la Práctica Pedagógica en la Universidad Surcolombiana, Caso Mario, Resultados Preliminares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elías Francisco Amórtegui Cedeño

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos resultados preliminares del primer estudio en el Departamento del Huila  sobre el Conocimiento Profesional del Profesor de Ciencias Naturales, desarrollado al interior de la  Licenciatura en Ciencias Naturales: Física, Química, Biología de la Universidad Surcolombiana (Neiva-Colombia, que tiene como objetivo caracterizar el aporte de la práctica pedagógica a la formación de futuros docentes. Este estudio se enmarca en un enfoque cualitativo, empleando el método de análisis de contenido a través del Atlas. Ti 7.0, utilizando la entrevista semi-estructurada, el cuestionario, el análisis documental y la observación participante, y  como fuentes de información los microdiseños curriculares,  las producciones escritas  de planificación de clases y  la  acción docente de dos futuros docentes durante el primer semestre del 2015. Las categorías de estudio corresponden al Conocimiento Didáctico del Contenido. En esta ponencia presentamos particularmente resultados preliminares acerca del microdiseño de Práctica Profesional I, la entrevista inicial y la primera planificación de clases del caso Mario.

  18. Apocalipsis y literatura en Cien años de soledad de Gabriel García Márquez, La guerra del fin del mundo de Mario Vargas Llosa y Estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Luche

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The study examines three novels of apocalyptic character, Cien años de soledad by Gabriel García Márquez, La guerra del fin del mundo by Mario Vargas Llosa and Estrella distante by Roberto Bolaño. Both in Cien años de soledad and in La guerra del fin del mundo apocalypse is related to the sudden and forced graft of modernity in a backward society and to the inability of the ruling class to understand the disturbing and devastating aspects of such a graft and, more generally, to understand themselves, their own development, their own history. Through the metaliterary component that characterizes them, Garcia Marquez’s and Vargas Llosa’ novels represent literature as an instrument that as memory, as a form of processing and understanding of history, can help to prevent the repetition of the apocalypse they narrate. In Bolaño’s novel, on the contrary, writers seem not to have any cognitive power anymore and their literature not only doesn’t play any salvific role, but rather becomes one of the elements that contributes to the historical catastrophe.

  19. Clouds in Super-Earth Atmospheres: Chemical Equilibrium Calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mbarek, Rostom; Kempton, Eliza M.-R.

    2016-08-01

    Recent studies have unequivocally proven the existence of clouds in super-Earth atmospheres. Here we provide a theoretical context for the formation of super-Earth clouds by determining which condensates are likely to form under the assumption of chemical equilibrium. We study super-Earth atmospheres of diverse bulk composition, which are assumed to form by outgassing from a solid core of chondritic material, following Schaefer & Fegley. The super-Earth atmospheres that we study arise from planetary cores made up of individual types of chondritic meteorites. They range from highly reducing to oxidizing and have carbon to oxygen (C:O) ratios that are both sub-solar and super-solar, thereby spanning a range of atmospheric composition that is appropriate for low-mass exoplanets. Given the atomic makeup of these atmospheres, we minimize the global Gibbs free energy of formation for over 550 gases and condensates to obtain the molecular composition of the atmospheres over a temperature range of 350-3000 K. Clouds should form along the temperature-pressure boundaries where the condensed species appear in our calculation. We find that the composition of condensate clouds depends strongly on both the H:O and C:O ratios. For the super-Earth archetype GJ 1214b, KCl and ZnS are the primary cloud-forming condensates at solar composition, in agreement with previous work. However, for oxidizing atmospheres, K2SO4 and ZnO condensates are favored instead, and for carbon-rich atmospheres with super-solar C:O ratios, graphite clouds appear. For even hotter planets, clouds form from a wide variety of rock-forming and metallic species.

  20. Status epilepticus: Refractory and super-refractory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubey, Deepanshu; Kalita, Jayantee; Misra, Usha K

    2017-01-01

    Status epilepticus (SE) is an important neurological emergency. It is defined as seizures lasting for 5 minutes or more or recurrent seizures without recovery of consciousness to baseline between the attacks. Refractory SE (RSE) is defined as SE persisting despite sufficient dose of benzodiazepines and at least one antiepileptic drug (AED), irrespective of time. Super refractory SE (SRSE) is defined as SE that continues for 24 hours or more after the use of anesthetic therapy, including cases that recur on weaning of the anesthestic agent. RSE occurs in 23%-48% of the patients and SRSE in approximately 22% of the patients with SE. In general, RSE occurs in patients with new-onset seizures rather than in patients with chronic epilepsy. The etiology of RSE in developing countries is dominated by central nervous system (CNS) infections and head injury compared to stroke and drug withdrawal in the developed countries. The treatment of RSE and SRSE is not evidence based. Following benzodiazepines, the second line antiepileptic drugs include sodium valproate, phenytoin, levetiracetam, and anesthetic drugs such as midazolam, phenobarbital, and propofol. Most intravenous anesthetic drugs produce hypotension and respiratory suppression; therefore, patients with RSE are managed in intensive care units (ICUs). In RSE patients, electroencephalogram (EEG) burst suppression with interburst interval of 2-20 s or even flat EEG has been tried. Recently, concerns have been raised on the safety of burst suppression in RSE and SRSE. The paucity of ICUs in developing countries limits the use of these management protocols. There is a need to explore intravenous AEDs with safer cardiovascular and respiratory profile for the management of SE.

  1. First Super-Earth Atmosphere Analysed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    The atmosphere around a super-Earth exoplanet has been analysed for the first time by an international team of astronomers using ESO's Very Large Telescope. The planet, which is known as GJ 1214b, was studied as it passed in front of its parent star and some of the starlight passed through the planet's atmosphere. We now know that the atmosphere is either mostly water in the form of steam or is dominated by thick clouds or hazes. The results will appear in the 2 December 2010 issue of the journal Nature. The planet GJ 1214b was confirmed in 2009 using the HARPS instrument on ESO's 3.6-metre telescope in Chile (eso0950) [1]. Initial findings suggested that this planet had an atmosphere, which has now been confirmed and studied in detail by an international team of astronomers, led by Jacob Bean (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics), using the FORS instrument on ESO's Very Large Telescope. "This is the first super-Earth to have its atmosphere analysed. We've reached a real milestone on the road toward characterising these worlds," said Bean. GJ 1214b has a radius of about 2.6 times that of the Earth and is about 6.5 times as massive, putting it squarely into the class of exoplanets known as super-Earths. Its host star lies about 40 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Ophiuchus (the Serpent Bearer). It is a faint star [2], but it is also small, which means that the size of the planet is large compared to the stellar disc, making it relatively easy to study [3]. The planet travels across the disc of its parent star once every 38 hours as it orbits at a distance of only two million kilometres: about seventy times closer than the Earth orbits the Sun. To study the atmosphere, the team observed the light coming from the star as the planet passed in front of it [4]. During these transits, some of the starlight passes through the planet's atmosphere and, depending on the chemical composition and weather on the planet, specific wavelengths of light are

  2. Method and apparatus for connecting high voltage leads to a high temperature super-conducting transformer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golner, Thomas M.; Mehta, Shirish P.

    2005-07-26

    A method and apparatus for connecting high voltage leads to a super-conducting transformer is provided that includes a first super-conducting coil set, a second super-conducting coil set, and a third super-conducting coil set. The first, second and third super-conducting coil sets are connected via an insulated interconnect system that includes insulated conductors and insulated connectors that are utilized to connect the first, second, and third super-conducting coil sets to the high voltage leads.

  3. Super-resolution optical telescopes with local light diffraction shrinkage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Changtao; Tang, Dongliang; Wang, Yanqin; Zhao, Zeyu; Wang, Jiong; Pu, Mingbo; Zhang, Yudong; Yan, Wei; Gao, Ping; Luo, Xiangang

    2015-12-01

    Suffering from giant size of objective lenses and infeasible manipulations of distant targets, telescopes could not seek helps from present super-resolution imaging, such as scanning near-field optical microscopy, perfect lens and stimulated emission depletion microscopy. In this paper, local light diffraction shrinkage associated with optical super-oscillatory phenomenon is proposed for real-time and optically restoring super-resolution imaging information in a telescope system. It is found that fine target features concealed in diffraction-limited optical images of a telescope could be observed in a small local field of view, benefiting from a relayed metasurface-based super-oscillatory imaging optics in which some local Fourier components beyond the cut-off frequency of telescope could be restored. As experimental examples, a minimal resolution to 0.55 of Rayleigh criterion is obtained, and imaging complex targets and large targets by superimposing multiple local fields of views are demonstrated as well. This investigation provides an access for real-time, incoherent and super-resolution telescopes without the manipulation of distant targets. More importantly, it gives counterintuitive evidence to the common knowledge that relayed optics could not deliver more imaging details than objective systems.

  4. Photostable and photoswitching fluorescent dyes for super-resolution imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minoshima, Masafumi; Kikuchi, Kazuya

    2017-01-12

    Super-resolution fluorescence microscopy is a recently developed imaging tool for biological researches. Several methods have been developed for detection of fluorescence signals from molecules in a subdiffraction-limited area, breaking the diffraction limit of the conventional optical microscopies and allowing visualization of detailed macromolecular structures in cells. As objectives are exposed to intense laser in the optical systems, fluorophores for super-resolution microscopy must be tolerated even under severe light irradiation conditions. The fluorophores must also be photoactivatable and photoswitchable for single-molecule localization-based super-resolution microscopy, because the number of active fluorophores must be controlled by light irradiation. This has led to growing interest in these properties in the development of fluorophores. In this mini-review, we focus on the development of photostable and photoswitching fluorescent dyes for super-resolution microscopy. We introduce recent efforts, including improvement of fluorophore photostability and control of photoswitching behaviors of fluorophores based on photochemical and photophysical processes. Understanding and manipulation of chemical reactions in excited fluorophores can develop highly photostable and efficiently photoswitchable fluorophores that are suitable for super-resolution imaging applications.

  5. Extreme super-resolution using the spherical geodesic waveguide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miñano, Juan Carlos; González, Juan Carlos; Benítez, Pablo; Grabovičkić, Dejan

    2012-06-01

    Leonhardt demonstrated (2009) that the 2D Maxwell Fish Eye lens (MFE) can focus perfectly 2D Helmholtz waves of arbitrary frequency, i.e., it can transport perfectly an outward (monopole) 2D Helmholtz wave field, generated by a point source, towards a "perfect point drain" located at the corresponding image point. Moreover, a prototype with λ/5 super-resolution (SR) property for one microwave frequency has been manufactured and tested (Ma et al, 2010). Although this prototype has been loaded with an impedance different from the "perfect point drain", it has shown super-resolution property. However, neither software simulations nor experimental measurements for a broad band of frequencies have yet been reported. Here we present steady state simulations for two cases, using perfect drain as suggested by Leonhardt and without perfect drain as in the prototype. All the simulations have been done using a device equivalent to the MFE, called the Spherical Geodesic Waveguide (SGW). The results show the super-resolution up to λ/3000, for the system loaded with the perfect drain, and up to λ /500 for a not perfect load. In both cases super-resolution only happens for discrete number of frequencies. Out of these frequencies, the SGW does not show super-resolution in the analysis carried out.

  6. The habitability of super-Earths in Gliese 581

    CERN Document Server

    Von Bloh, W; Cuntz, M; Franck, S

    2007-01-01

    Aims: The planetary system around the M star Gliese 581 consists of a hot Neptune (Gl 581b) and two super-Earths (Gl 581c and Gl 581d). The habitability of this system with respect to the super-Earths is investigated following a concept that studies the long-term possibility of photosynthetic biomass production on a dynamically active planet. Methods: A thermal evolution model for a super-Earth is used to calculate the sources and sinks of atmospheric carbon dioxide. The habitable zone is determined by the limits of biological productivity on the planetary surface. Models with different ratios of land / ocean coverage are investigated. Results: The super-Earth Gl 581c is clearly outside the habitable zone, since it is too close to the star. In contrast, Gl 581d is a tidally locked habitable super-Earth near the outer edge of the habitable zone. Despite the adverse conditions on this planet, at least some primitive forms of life may be able to exist on its surface.

  7. Clouds in Super-Earth Atmospheres: Chemical Equilibrium Calculations

    CERN Document Server

    Mbarek, Rostom

    2016-01-01

    Recent studies have unequivocally proven the existence of clouds in super-Earth atmospheres (Kreidberg et al. 2014). Here we provide a theoretical context for the formation of super-Earth clouds by determining which condensates are likely to form under the assumption of chemical equilibrium. We study super-Earth atmospheres of diverse bulk composition, which are assumed to form by outgassing from a solid core of chondritic material, following Schaefer & Fegley (2010). The super-Earth atmospheres that we study arise from planetary cores made up of individual types of chondritic meteorites. They range from highly reducing to oxidizing and have carbon to oxygen (C:O) ratios that are both subsolar and super-solar, thereby spanning a range of atmospheric composition that is appropriate for low-mass exoplanets. Given the atomic makeup of these atmospheres, we minimize the global Gibbs free energy of formation for over 550 gases and condensates to obtain the molecular composition of the atmospheres over a temper...

  8. Jupiter and Super-Earth embedded in a gaseous disc

    CERN Document Server

    Podlewska, E

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the evolution of a pair of interacting planets - a Jupiter mass planet and a Super-Earth with the 5.5 Earth masses - orbiting a Solar type star and embedded in a gaseous protoplanetary disc. We focus on the effects of type I and II orbital migrations, caused by the planet-disc interaction, leading to the Super-Earth capture in first order mean motion resonances by the Jupiter. The stability of the resulting resonant system in which the Super-Earth is on the internal orbit relatively to the Jupiter has been studied numerically by means of full 2D hydrodynamical simulations. Our main motivation is to determine the Super-Earth behaviour in the presence of the gas giant in the system. It has been found that the Jupiter captures the Super-Earth into the interior 3:2 or 4:3 mean motion resonances and the stability of such configurations depends on the initial planet positions and eccentricity evolution. If the initial separation of planet orbits is larger or close to that required for t...

  9. Super-Earths: A New Class of Planetary Bodies

    CERN Document Server

    Haghighipour, Nader

    2011-01-01

    Super-Earths, a class of planetary bodies with masses ranging from a few Earth-masses to slightly smaller than Uranus, have recently found a special place in the exoplanetary science. Being slightly larger than a typical terrestrial planet, super-Earths may have physical and dynamical characteristics similar to those of Earth whereas unlike terrestrial planets, they are relatively easier to detect. Because of their sizes, super-Earths can maintain moderate atmospheres and possibly dynamic interiors with plate tectonics. They also seem to be more common around low-mass stars where the habitable zone is in closer distances. This article presents a review of the current state of research on super-Earths, and discusses the models of the formation, dynamical evolution, and possible habitability of these objects. Given the recent advances in detection techniques, the detectability of super-Earths is also discussed, and a review of the prospects of their detection in the habitable zones of low-mass stars is presente...

  10. Aerogels: transparent and super-insulating materials; Les aerogels: isolants transparent-super isolants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melka, S.; Rigacci, A.; Achard, P.; Bezian, J.J. [Ecole des Mines de Paris, 06 - Sophia-Antipolis (France); Sallee, H.; Chevalier, B. [Centre des Sciences et Techniques du Batiment, 38 - Saint-Martin-d`Heres (France)

    1996-12-31

    Recent studies have demonstrated the super-insulating properties of silica aerogel in its monolithic or finely divided state. In its monolithic state, this material conciliates excellent thermal insulation performances, a good transmission of visible light and interesting acoustic properties. Also its amazing structural characteristics (lightness, high global porosity, small diameter of pores) are particularly interesting for its use in double glazing windows as transparent insulating spacer. The aim of the work carried out by the Energetic Centre of the Ecole des Mines of Paris is to understand the thermal transfer phenomena in all forms of silica aerogel. In this paper, the main steps of the synthesis process of monolithic silica aerogel is presented with the thermal conductivities obtained. Then, a model is built to describe the thermal transfer mechanisms in finely divided aerogel beds. Finally, the hot wire thermal characterization method is presented and the results obtained on silica aerogels are discussed. (J.S.) 16 refs.

  11. On super form factors of half-BPS operators in N=4 super Yang-Mills

    CERN Document Server

    Penante, Brenda; Travaglini, Gabriele; Wen, Congkao

    2014-01-01

    We compute form factors of half-BPS operators in N=4 super Yang-Mills dual to massive Kaluza-Klein modes in supergravity. These are appropriate supersymmetrisations T_k of the scalar operators Tr(\\phi^k) for any k, which for k=2 give the chiral part of the stress-tensor multiplet operator. Using harmonic superspace, we derive simple Ward identities for these form factors, which we then compute perturbatively at tree level and one loop. We propose a novel on-shell recursion relation which links form factors with different numbers of fields. Using this, we conjecture a general formula for the n-point MHV form factors of T_k for arbitrary k and n. Finally, we use supersymmetric generalised unitarity to derive compact expressions for all one-loop MHV form factors of T_k in terms of one-loop triangles and finite two-mass easy box functions.

  12. Varieties of sweet sorghum Super-1 and Super-2 and its equipment for bioethanol in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pabendon, M. B.; Efendi, R.; Santoso, S. B.; Prastowo, B.

    2017-05-01

    The demands for alternative sources of energy are currently growing because people now are more aware of the many negative impacts fossil fuel gives to the environment. Plant based renewable energy provides potential sources of energy with advantages of cleaner fuel effect and capability of integration with food crop production. Sorghum have been considered to be a highly potential source of food, feed and fuel, especially sweet stalk sorghum that posses both functions as source of food from its grain and fuel made from its stalk juice. Sorghum varieties are well known to have excellent adaptability in marginal areas, especially drought prone areas where other food crops are unable to thrive. The current paper aimed to share ongoing research on many functional uses of sweet stalk sorghum varieties released at Indonesian Cereals Research Institute (ICERI). Among many varieties that had been released were two sweet stalk sorghum varieties SUPER-1 and SUPER-2 released in 2013 that stands out in biomass yield and bioethanol production. Based on various researches conducted at different location and planting season, yield potential of biomass ranged at 30 - 40 t/ha with higher yield occurred during dry season. Stalk juice sugar content in brix were found to be higher in dry season ranged at 13.6 % to 18.4 %, and the amount of juice stalk was obtained at about 30-50 % from total biomass yield. Furthermore, bioethanol production from stalk juice after fermentation was at the range of 8 to 10 % from total stalk juice volume. Modification of processing equipment of bioethanol have also been carried out and was able to increased the concentration of ethanol being distilled from 85% -92% to 90% -95%. Another result obtained was able to decreased fermentation time from 14-21 days to 6-10 days. Furthermore, the yield of ethanol from juice was also from an average of 4.95% to 6.75%.

  13. Gibbs artifact reduction for POCS super-resolution image reconstruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuangbai XIAO; Jing YU; Kaina SU

    2008-01-01

    The topic of super-resolution image reconstruc-tion has recently received considerable attention among the research community. Super-resolution image reconstruc-tion methods attempt to create a single high-resolution image from a number of low-resolution images (or a video sequence). The method of projections onto convex sets (POCS) for super-resolution image reconstruction attracts many researchers' attention. In this paper, we propose an improvement to reduce the amount of Gibbs artifacts pre-senting on the edges of the high-resolution image recon-structed by the POCS method. The proposed method weights the blur PSF centered at an edge pixel with an exponential function, and consequently decreases the coef-ficients of the PSF in the direction orthogonal to the edge. Experiment results show that the modification reduces effectively the visibility of Gibbs artifacts on edges and improves obviously the quality of the reconstructed high-resolution image.

  14. Super-FRS Target Area Remote Handling: Scenario and Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel Orona

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The Super-FRS, Superconducting Fragment Separator, is a unique machine that presents several challenging technical problems. One of these is regarding how to conduct maintenance in the target area where high levels of radiation will be generated and human access is forbidden. To address this problem the use of a remote maintenance system is foreseen. The objective of this paper is to develop a systems engineering (SE research and development (R&D approach suitable to develop the Super-FRS Target Area Remote Maintenance Systems (TARMS and the RH design adaptation of the components in the target area. The Super-FRS target area is described in detail in order to introduce the need for a remote maintenance system. Components in the target area are classified by adopting ITER RH maintenance classification. The general scenario of remote handling and the current target area remote maintenance system are described. Finally, the proposed systems engineering approach is presented.

  15. Super-hydrophobic film prepared on zinc as corrosion barrier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Peng [Key Lab of Corrosion Science, Shandong Province, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Naihai Road, Qingdao 266071 (China); Zhang Dun, E-mail: Zhangdun@qdio.ac.c [Key Lab of Corrosion Science, Shandong Province, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Naihai Road, Qingdao 266071 (China); Qiu Ri [Key Lab of Corrosion Science, Shandong Province, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Naihai Road, Qingdao 266071 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 (Jia) Yuquan Road, Beijing 100039 (China); Hou Baorong [Key Lab of Corrosion Science, Shandong Province, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Naihai Road, Qingdao 266071 (China)

    2011-06-15

    Research highlights: {yields} Super-hydrophobic film was prepared on zinc surface. {yields} The air trapped in film can dramatically improve the anti-corrosion property. {yields} The air trapped behaves as dielectric for a pure parallel plate capacitor. {yields} The air enhances the contribution of film to the anti-corrosion property. {yields} Without the help of air, the film itself can only present feeble inhibition effect. - Abstract: Potentiostatic electrolysis was carried out to prepare super-hydrophobic film on the surface of metallic zinc. The resultant film was examined by field emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, electrochemical measurements, and contact angle test. The super-hydrophobic property of the film results from the air trapped among the sheets of zinc tetradecanoate. This air behaves as a dielectric for a pure parallel plate capacitor, thereby inhibiting electron transfer between the electrolyte and the substrate. The air can also enhance the contribution of the film itself to protection performance.

  16. SuperNEMO - the next generation double beta decay experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Nasteva, Irina

    2009-01-01

    The SuperNEMO experiment is being designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay to test if neutrinos are Majorana particles. The experimental technique follows that of the currently running NEMO-3 experiment, which successfully combines tracking and calorimetry to measure the topology and energy of the final state electrons. Unique particle identification capabilities of SuperNEMO will be employed with about 100 kg of 82 Se and will reach sensitivity to a half-life of about 2 x 10^26 years, which corresponds to Majorana neutrino masses of about 50 meV, depending on the calculated value of the nuclear matrix element. In this poster, the current status of the SuperNEMO project is presented.

  17. Adaptive dual-layer super-twisting control and observation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Christopher; Shtessel, Yuri

    2016-09-01

    In this paper, a super-twisting-like structure with adaptive gains is proposed. The structure is parameterised by two scalar gains, both of which adapt, and by an additional time-varying term. The magnitudes of the adaptive terms are allowed to both increase and decrease as appropriate so that they are as small as possible, in the sense that they do not unnecessarily over-bound the uncertainty, and yet are large enough to sustain a sliding motion. In the paper, a new time varying gain is incorporated into the traditional super-twisting architecture. The proposed adaption law has a dual-layer structure which is formally analyzed using Lyapunov techniques. The additional term has the effect of simplifying the stability analysis whilst guaranteeing the second-order sliding mode properties of the traditional super-twisting scheme.

  18. Broadband super-collimation with low-symmetric photonic crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giden, Ibrahim H.; Turduev, Mirbek; Kurt, Hamza

    2013-05-01

    We investigate dispersive properties of two dimensional photonic crystal (PC) called star-shaped PC (STAR-PC) in order to succeed super-collimation over a broad bandwidth. Both time- and frequency-domain numerical methods are conducted. Due to introduced low-symmetry in the primitive cell, flat contours are observed at the fifth band for transverse magnetic mode. The proposed structure supports a super-collimation effect over a broad wavelength range between 1443 nm and 1701 nm with a bandwidth of Δω = 16.42%. The intrinsic characteristic of STAR-PC provides in-plane beam propagation with a limited diffraction length of 120a, where a is the lattice constant. By means of STAR-PC, one may realize super-collimation based single-mode optical devices with a low insertion loss, reduced dispersion and wide bandwidth.

  19. Super-resolution Microscopy in Plant Cell Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komis, George; Šamajová, Olga; Ovečka, Miroslav; Šamaj, Jozef

    2015-12-01

    Although the development of super-resolution microscopy methods dates back to 1994, relevant applications in plant cell imaging only started to emerge in 2010. Since then, the principal super-resolution methods, including structured-illumination microscopy (SIM), photoactivation localization microscopy (PALM), stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM), and stimulated emission depletion microscopy (STED), have been implemented in plant cell research. However, progress has been limited due to the challenging properties of plant material. Here we summarize the basic principles of existing super-resolution methods and provide examples of applications in plant science. The limitations imposed by the nature of plant material are reviewed and the potential for future applications in plant cell imaging is highlighted.

  20. SuperKEKB machine and Belle II detector status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwanda, C. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Nikolsdorfergasse 18, 1050 Wien (Austria)

    2010-12-15

    The KEK Super B factory consists of the asymmetric energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider SuperKEKB, operating at the energy of the Y(4S) resonance, and the Belle II detector, which will watch the products of the electron-positron collisons. This facility will be built by upgrading the present KEK B factory to allow both to minimize the construction costs and to resume data taking in the year 2014. The main goal of the new facility is to achieve an instantaneous luminosity of 8x10{sup 35}cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, leading to a data set of about 50 ab{sup -1} around the year 2022. In this article, we briefly review the technical design of the SuperKEKB collider and the Belle II detector.

  1. Nanoprobes for super-resolution fluorescence imaging at the nanoscale

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU ShangGuo; LIANG Le; DENG SuHui; CHEN JianFang; HUANG Qing; CHENG Ya; FAN ChunHai

    2014-01-01

    Compared with other imaging techniques,fluorescence microscopy has become an essential tool to study cell biology due to its high compatibility with living cells.Owing to the resolution limit set by the diffraction of light,fluorescence microscopy could not resolve the nanostructures in the range of〈200 nm.Recently,many techniques have been emerged to overcome the diffraction barrier,providing nanometer spatial resolution.In the course of development,the progress in fluorescent probes has helped to promote the development of the high-resolution fluorescence nanoscopy.Here,we describe the contributions of the fluorescent probes to far-field super resolution imaging,focusing on concepts of the existing super-resolution nanoscopy based on the photophysics of fluorescent nanoprobes,like photoswitching,bleaching and blinking.Fluorescent probe technology is crucial in the design and implementation of super-resolution imaging methods.

  2. Nonlinear super-resolution nano-optics and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Wei, Jingsong

    2015-01-01

    This book covers many advances in the subjects of nano-optics and nano photonics. The author describes the principle and technical schematics of common methods for breaking through the optical diffraction limit and focuses on realizing optical super-resolution with nonlinear effects of thin film materials. The applications of nonlinear optical super-resolution effects in nano-data storage, nanolithography, and nano-imaging are also presented. This book is useful to graduate students majoring in optics and nano science and also serves as a reference book for academic researchers, engineers, technical professionals in the fields of super-resolution optics and laser techniques, nano-optics and nano photonics, nano-data storage, nano imaging, micro/nanofabrication and nanolithography and nonlinear optics.

  3. Super-virtual refraction interferometry: an engineering field data example

    KAUST Repository

    Hanafy, Sherif M.

    2012-10-01

    The theory of super-virtual refraction interferometry (SVI) was recently developed to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of far-offset traces in refraction surveys. This enhancement of the SNR is proportional to √N and can be as high as N if an iterative procedure is used. Here N is the number of post-critical shot positions that coincides with the receiver locations. We now demonstrate the SNR enhancement of super-virtual refraction traces for one engineering-scale synthetic data and two field seismic data sets. The field data are collected over a normal fault in Saudi Arabia. Results show that both the SNR of the super-virtual data set and the number of reliable first-arrival traveltime picks are significantly increased. © 2012 European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers.

  4. Kepler super-flare stars: what are they?

    CERN Document Server

    Wichmann, R; Wolter, U; Nagel, E

    2014-01-01

    The Kepler mission has led to the serendipitous discovery of a significant number of `super flares' - white light flares with energies between 10^33 erg and 10^36 erg - on solar-type stars. It has been speculated that these could be `freak' events that might happen on the Sun, too. We have started a programme to study the nature of the stars on which these super flares have been observed. Here we present high-resolution spectroscopy of 11 of these stars and discuss our results. We find that several of these stars are very young, fast-rotating stars where high levels of stellar activity can be expected, but for some other stars we do not find a straightforward explanation for the occurrence of super flares.

  5. GF-4 Images Super Resolution Reconstruction Based on POCS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    XU Lina

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The super resolution reconstruction of GF-4 is made by projection on convex sets (POCS. Papoulis-Gerchberg is used to construct reference frame which can reduce iteration and improve algorithm efficiency.Vandewalle is used to estimate motion parameter which is benefit to block process. Tested and analyzed by real GF-4 series images, it shows that sharpness of super resolution result is positive correlatie to frame amount, and signal to noise ratio (SNR is negative correlate to frame amount. After processing by 5 frames, information entropy (IE changes little; sharpness (average gradient increases from 7.803 to 14.386; SNR reduces a little, from 3.411 to 3.336. The experiment shows that after super resolution reconstruction, sharpness and detail information of results can be greatly improved.

  6. Super-Resolution for Traditional and Omnidirectional Image Sequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Attila Nagy

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a simple method on how to implement a super-resolutionbased video enhancement technique in .NET using the functions of the OpenCV library.First, we outline the goal of this project and after that, a short review of the steps of superresolutiontechnique is given. As a part of the discussion about the implementation itself,the general design aspects are detailed in short. Then, the different optical flow algorithmsare analyzed and the super-resolution calculation of omnidirectional image sequences isdiscussed. After all that, the achieved results can be seen and finally, a short generalconclusion can be read. This paper is a revision of our previous work [1]. In this edition,we focus on the super-resolution of omnidirectional image sequences rather than thetechnological issues that were discussed in our previous article. Further information aboutthe implementation and wrapper development can be found in [1 and 12].

  7. OBJECT-BASED SUPER RESOLUTION FOR INTELLIGENT VISUAL SURVEILLANCE VIDEO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Construction of high resolution images from low resolution sequences is often important in surveillance applications. In this letter, an affine based multi-scale block-matching image registration algorithm is first proposed. The images to be registered are divided into overlapped blocks of different size according to its motions. The Least Square (LS) image registration algorithm is extended to match the blocks. Then an object based Super Resolution (SR) scheme is designed, the Maximum A Priori (MAP) super resolution algorithm is extended to enhance the resolution of the interest objects. Experimental results show that the proposed multi-scale registration method provides more accurate registration between frames. Further more, the object based super resolution scheme shows an enhanced performance compared with the traditional MAP method.

  8. Jourdain Principle of a Super-Thin Elastic Rod Dynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE Yun; SHANG Hui-Lin

    2009-01-01

    A super thin elastic rod is modeled with a background of DNA super coiling structure, and its dynamics is discussed based on the Jourdain variation. The cross section of the rod is taken as the object of this study and two velocity spaces about arc coordinate and the time are obtained respectively. Virtual displacements of the section on the two velocity spaces are defined and can be expressed in terms of Jourdaln variation. Jourdain principles of a super thin elastic rod dynamics on arc coordinate and the time velocity space are established,respectively, which show that there are two ways to realize the constraint conditions. If the constitutive relation of the rod is linear, the Jourdaln principle takes the Euler-Lagrange form with generalized coordinates. The Kirchhoff equation, Lagrange equation and Appell equation can be derived from the present Jourdaln principle.While the rod subjected to a surface constraint, Lagrange equation with undetermined multipliers may be derived.

  9. Inevitability of Plate Tectonics on Super-Earths

    CERN Document Server

    Valencia, Diana; Sasselov, Dimitar D

    2007-01-01

    The recent discovery of super-Earths (masses less or equal to 10 earth-masses) has initiated a discussion about conditions for habitable worlds. Among these is the mode of convection, which influences a planet's thermal evolution and surface conditions. On Earth, plate tectonics has been proposed as a necessary condition for life. Here we show, that super-Earths will also have plate tectonics. We demonstrate that as planetary mass increases, the shear stress available to overcome resistance to plate motion increases while the plate thickness decreases, thereby enhancing plate weakness. These effects contribute favorably to the subduction of the lithosphere, an essential component of plate tectonics. Moreover, uncertainties in achieving plate tectonics in the one earth-mass regime disappear as mass increases: super-Earths, even if dry, will exhibit plate tectonic behaviour.

  10. An overview of SuperLU: Algorithms, implementation, and userinterface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Xiaoye S.

    2003-09-30

    We give an overview of the algorithms, design philosophy,and implementation techniques in the software SuperLU, for solving sparseunsymmetric linear systems. In particular, we highlight the differencesbetween the sequential SuperLU (including its multithreaded extension)and parallel SuperLU_DIST. These include the numerical pivoting strategy,the ordering strategy for preserving sparsity, the ordering in which theupdating tasks are performed, the numerical kernel, and theparallelization strategy. Because of the scalability concern, theparallel code is drastically different from the sequential one. Wedescribe the user interfaces ofthe libraries, and illustrate how to usethe libraries most efficiently depending on some matrix characteristics.Finally, we give some examples of how the solver has been used inlarge-scale scientific applications, and the performance.

  11. SOWFA + Super Controller User's Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fleming, P.; Gebraad, P.; Churchfield, M.; Lee, S.; Johnson, K.; Michalakes, J.; van Wingerden, J. W.; Moriarty, P.

    2013-08-01

    SOWFA + Super Controller is a modification of the NREL's SOWFA tool which allows for a user to apply multiturbine or centralized wind plant control algorithms within the high-fidelity SOWFA simulation environment. The tool is currently a branch of the main SOWFA program, but will one day will be merged into a single version. This manual introduces the tool and provides examples such that a user can implement their own super controller and set up and run simulations. The manual only discusses enough about SOWFA itself to allow for the customization of controllers and running of simulations, and details of SOWFA itself are reported elsewhere Churchfield and Lee (2013); Churchfield et al. (2012). SOWFA + Super Controller, and this manual, are in alpha mode.

  12. Super-resolution of facial images in forensics scenarios

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Satiro, Joao; Nasrollahi, Kamal; Correia, Paulo

    2015-01-01

    Forensics facial images are usually provided by surveillance cameras and are therefore of poor quality and resolution. Simple upsampling algorithms can not produce artifact-free higher resolution images from such low-resolution (LR) images. To deal with that, reconstruction-based super-resolution......Forensics facial images are usually provided by surveillance cameras and are therefore of poor quality and resolution. Simple upsampling algorithms can not produce artifact-free higher resolution images from such low-resolution (LR) images. To deal with that, reconstruction-based super...

  13. On Super Edge-Antimagic Total Labeling Of Subdivided Stars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javaid Muhammad

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In 1980, Enomoto et al. proposed the conjecture that every tree is a super (a, 0-edge-antimagic total graph. In this paper, we give a partial sup- port for the correctness of this conjecture by formulating some super (a, d- edge-antimagic total labelings on a subclass of subdivided stars denoted by T(n, n + 1, 2n + 1, 4n + 2, n5, n6, . . . , nr for different values of the edge- antimagic labeling parameter d, where n ≥ 3 is odd, nm = 2m−4(4n+1+1, r ≥ 5 and 5 ≤ m ≤ r.

  14. A Blind Pilot: Who is a Super-Luminal Observer?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabounski D.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the nature of a hypothetical super-luminal observer who, as well as a real (sub-light speed observer, perceives the world by light waves. This consideration is due to that fact that the theory of relativity permits different frames of reference, including light-like and super-luminal reference frames. In analogy with a blind pilot on board a supersonic jet aeroplane (or missile, perceived by blind people, it is concluded that the light barrier is observed in the framework of only the light signal exchange experiment.

  15. Results from Super-Kamiokande and K2K

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M R Vagins

    2003-02-01

    Results from Super-Kamiokande-I’s entire 1496 live days of solar neutrino data are presented, including the absolute flux, energy spectrum, zenith angle (day/night) and seasonal variation. The possibility of MSW and vacuum oscillations is discussed in light of these results. Results from the first 1289 days of Super-K-I’s atmospheric neutrino analysis are also presented, including the evidence for → oscillations, against → sterile oscillations, and the current limits on proton decay. Finally, results based on 5.6 × 1019 protons on target are given for the K2K long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment.

  16. Airborne and impact sound transmission in super-light structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jacob Ellehauge; Hertz, Kristian Dahl; Brunskog, Jonas

    2011-01-01

    Super-light structures are newly invented and based on combining lightweight concrete with normal concrete for lighter structures and better structural performance. The overall principle is based on load carrying arches of a normal concrete stabilised and protected from fire by a light......-aggregate concrete. A super-light deck element is developed. It is intended to be lighter than traditional deck structures without compromising the acoustic performance. It is primarily the airborne sound insulation, which is of interest as the requirements for the impact sound insulation to a higher degree can...

  17. Super resolution imaging of HER2 gene amplification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okada, Masaya; Kubo, Takuya; Masumoto, Kanako; Iwanaga, Shigeki

    2016-02-01

    HER2 positive breast cancer is currently examined by counting HER2 genes using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)-stained breast carcinoma samples. In this research, two-dimensional super resolution fluorescence microscopy based on stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM), with a spatial resolution of approximately 20 nm in the lateral direction, was used to more precisely distinguish and count HER2 genes in a FISH-stained tissue section. Furthermore, by introducing double-helix point spread function (DH-PSF), an optical phase modulation technique, to super resolution microscopy, three-dimensional images were obtained of HER2 in a breast carcinoma sample approximately 4 μm thick.

  18. Where Do We Stand with Super-Resolution Optical Microscopy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nienhaus, Karin; Nienhaus, G Ulrich

    2016-01-29

    Super-resolution fluorescence microscopy has become an invaluable, powerful approach to study biomolecular dynamics and interactions via selective labeling and observation of specific molecules in living cells, tissues and even entire organisms. In this perspective, we present a brief overview of the main techniques and their application to cellular biophysics. We place special emphasis on super-resolution imaging via single-molecule localization microscopy and stimulated emission depletion/reversible saturable optical fluorescence transitions microscopy, and we also briefly address fluorescence fluctuation approaches, notably raster image correlation spectroscopy, as tools to record fast diffusion and transport.

  19. Color-Coded Super-Resolution Small-Molecule Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beuzer, Paolo; La Clair, James J; Cang, Hu

    2016-06-02

    Although the development of super-resolution microscopy dates back to 1994, its applications have been primarily focused on visualizing cellular structures and targets, including proteins, DNA and sugars. We now report on a system that allows both monitoring of the localization of exogenous small molecules in live cells at low resolution and subsequent super-resolution imaging by using stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) on fixed cells. This represents a powerful new tool to understand the dynamics of subcellular trafficking associated with the mode and mechanism of action of exogenous small molecules.

  20. Probing LINEAR Collider Final Focus Systems in SuperKEKB

    CERN Document Server

    Thrane, Paul Conrad Vaagen

    2017-01-01

    A challenge for future linear collider final focus systems is the large chromaticity produced by the final quadrupoles. SuperKEKB will be correcting high levels of chromaticity using the traditional scheme which has been also proposed for the CLIC FFS. We present early simulation results indicating that lowering β*у in the SuperKEKB Low Energy Ring might be possible given on-axis injection and low bunch current, opening the possibility of testing chromaticity correction beyond FFTB level, similar to ILC and approaching that of CLIC. CLIC – Note – 1077