WorldWideScience

Sample records for subscribe download mp3

  1. MP3 the meaning of a format

    CERN Document Server

    Sterne, Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    Jonathan Sterne shows that understanding the historical meaning of the MP3, the world's most common format for recorded audio, involves rethinking the place of digital technologies in the broader universe of twentieth-century communication history.

  2. Adolescents risky MP3-player listening and its psychosocial correlates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vogel, I.; Brug, J.; Ploeg, C.P.B. van der; Raat, H.

    2011-01-01

    Analogue to occupational noise-induced hearing loss, MP3-induced hearing loss may be evolving into a significant social and public health problem. To inform prevention strategies and interventions, this study investigated correlates of adolescents' risky MP3-player listening behavior primarily

  3. Statistical Characterization of MP3 Encoders for Steganalysis: 'CHAMP3'

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Westfeld, Andreas

    2004-01-01

    ...). As detailed in the technical proposal the research consists of three parts. The first task is to survey the discipline to identify the available MP3 encoders and generate a data pool for analysis...

  4. Generation new MP3 data set after compression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atoum, Mohammed Salem; Almahameed, Mohammad

    2016-02-01

    The success of audio steganography techniques is to ensure imperceptibility of the embedded secret message in stego file and withstand any form of intentional or un-intentional degradation of secret message (robustness). Crucial to that using digital audio file such as MP3 file, which comes in different compression rate, however research studies have shown that performing steganography in MP3 format after compression is the most suitable one. Unfortunately until now the researchers can not test and implement their algorithm because no standard data set in MP3 file after compression is generated. So this paper focuses to generate standard data set with different compression ratio and different Genre to help researchers to implement their algorithms.

  5. EBULLETIN: SUBSCRIBE NOW!

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    You can now subscribe to the Web version of the Weekly Bulletin. With the new alert system, you will receive an e-mail message every Friday at 8.00 a.m. with the Web link to the latest issue. It is very easy to subscribe, just click on the link 'Subscribe' on the home page of the electronic Bulletin.

  6. The Rise of Mp3: Exploratory Study and Research Agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Alturas, Bráulio; Oliveira, Abílio

    2005-01-01

    The Internet/World Wide Web (Web) is an important way for the sharing and selling of products and services, including music, in crescent virtual communities. The MP3 standard is the world’s most popular file format and allows many on-line individuals to access to music which they would otherwise be denied. Although electronic commerce (e-commerce) has received considerable research attention, the literature reveals that the relationship between the music industry and the consumers trough the ...

  7. Survey of college students' MP3 listening: Habits, safety issues, attitudes, and education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoover, Alicia; Krishnamurti, Sridhar

    2010-06-01

    To survey listening habits and attitudes of typical college students who use MP3 players and to investigate possible safety issues related to MP3 player listening. College students who were frequent MP3 player users (N = 428) filled out a 30-item online survey. Specific areas probed by the present survey included frequency and duration of MP3 player use, MP3 player volume levels used, types of earphones used, typical environments in which MP3 player was worn, specific activities related to safety while listening to MP3 players, and attitudes toward MP3 player use. The majority of listeners wore MP3 players for less than 2 hr daily at safe volume levels. About one third of respondents reported being distracted while wearing an MP3 player, and more than one third of listeners experienced soreness in their ears after a listening session. About one third of respondents reported occasionally using their MP3 players at maximum volume levels. Listeners indicated willingness to (a) reduce volume levels, (b) decrease listening duration, and (c) buy specialized earphones to conserve their hearing. The study found concerns regarding the occasional use of MP3 players at full volume and reduced environmental awareness among some college student users.

  8. Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Šarić

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line is a technologythat allows transmission at 8.488 Mbps over the existingtelephone copper line (speed range depending on the distance.ADSL circuit connects the ADSL modems by twisted-pairtelephone lines creating three infonnation channels: high speedsimplex (maximum 9 Mbps, medium speed duplex channel(maximum 2 Mbps and plain old telephone service channel.ADSL technology supports up to seven synchronous channelsthat can be configured to meet the needs of the end user.One could simultaneously view four movies stored in MPEG 1fonnat on separate television sets (MPEG 1 transmitted at 1.5Mbps, hold a video-conference (transmitted at 348 kbps,download data files from a server at 128 kbps via ISDN andeven receive a telephone call.

  9. Analysis of the MPEG-1 Layer III (MP3) Algorithm using MATLAB

    CERN Document Server

    Thiagarajan, Jayaraman

    2011-01-01

    The MPEG-1 Layer III (MP3) algorithm is one of the most successful audio formats for consumer audio storage and for transfer and playback of music on digital audio players. The MP3 compression standard along with the AAC (Advanced Audio Coding) algorithm are associated with the most successful music players of the last decade. This book describes the fundamentals and the MATLAB implementation details of the MP3 algorithm. Several of the tedious processes in MP3 are supported by demonstrations using MATLAB software. The book presents the theoretical concepts and algorithms used in the MP3 stand

  10. Subscribing to Transparency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    He, Yinghua; Nielsson, Ulf; Guo, Hong

    2014-01-01

    The paper empirically explores how more trade transparency affects market liquidity. The analysis takes advantage of a unique setting in which the Shanghai Stock Exchange offered more trade transparency to market participants subscribing to a new software package. First, the results show...... that the additional data disclosure increased trading activity, but also increased transactions costs through wider bid-ask spreads. Thus, in contrast to popular policy belief, the paper finds that more transparency need not improve market liquidity. Second, the paper finds a particularly strong immediate liquidity...... impact accompanied by altered trading behavior, which suggests a significant impact on institutional traders subscribing relatively early. Lastly, since the effective level of market transparency is bound to depend on how many traders are subscribing to the data, the study can empirically establish...

  11. Subscribing to Transparency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    He, Yinghua; Nielsson, Ulf; Guo, Hong

    The paper empirically explores how more trade transparency affects market liquidity. The analysis takes advantage of a unique setting in which the Shanghai Stock Exchange offered more trade transparency to market participants subscribing to a new software package. First, the results show...... that the additional data disclosure increased trading activity, but also increased transactions costs through wider bid-ask spreads. Thus, in contrast to popular policy belief, the paper finds that more transparency need not improve market liquidity. Second, the paper finds a particularly strong immediate liquidity...... impact accompanied by altered trading behavior, which suggests a significant impact on institutional traders subscribing relatively early. Lastly, since the effective level of market transparency is bound to depend on how many traders are subscribing to the data, the study can empirically establish...

  12. MP3-e leiutajatele jäävad näpud / Patrick Jenkins

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jenkins, Patrick

    2005-01-01

    Tänu MP3-mängija iPod edukale müügile suurenes Apple Computeri I kvartali kasum 368% ning oli 295 miljonit dollarit. MP3 tehnoloogia leiutati Saksamaal peaaegu 20 aastat tagasi, kuid tookord ei saadud tehnoloogia rakendamiseks Euroopas tuge. Lisa: MPEG Layer 3 kodeerimine

  13. DAPATKAH INDONESIA BEBAS DARI KUTUKAN KOLONIAL? REFLEKSI KRITIS ATAS MP3EI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noer Fauzi Rachman & Dian Yanuardy

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to analyze critically the so-called Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesian Economic Development (MP3EI--- a newly development master plan launched in 2011 during Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono administration. MP3EI introduced some keywords such as "economic corridors", "Focused Investment Zones", "connectivity", "infrastructure development", and so forth. This paper intends to unpack the origins and paradigm of MP3EI by tracing and analyzing "Comprehensive Asia Development Plan" (CADP--- a document which was launched in 2009 by the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA. This paper shows that MP3EI is a framework and development design based on consesionary policy, infrastructure development projects as service links, and the dispersion of industrial zones in Indonesia. Finally, the writers argue that the current development model promoted by MP3EI is a colonial curse.

  14. The Lowdown on Audio Downloads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Beth

    2010-01-01

    First offered to public libraries in 2004, downloadable audiobooks have grown by leaps and bounds. According to the Audio Publishers Association, their sales today account for 21% of the spoken-word audio market. It hasn't been easy, however. WMA. DRM. MP3. AAC. File extensions small on letters but very big on consequences for librarians,…

  15. Short-term auditory effects of listening to an MP3 player.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppler, Hannah; Dhooge, Ingeborg; Maes, Leen; D'haenens, Wendy; Bockstael, Annelies; Philips, Birgit; Swinnen, Freya; Vinck, Bart

    2010-06-01

    To determine the output levels of a commercially available MPEG layer-3 (MP3) player and to evaluate changes in hearing after 1 hour of listening to the MP3 player. First, A-weighted sound pressure levels (measured in decibels [dBA]) for 1 hour of pop-rock music on an MP3 player were measured on a head and torso simulator. Second, after participants listened to 1 hour of pop-rock music using an MP3 player, changes in hearing were evaluated with pure-tone audiometry, transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions, and distortion product otoacoustic emissions. Twenty-one participants were exposed to pop-rock music in 6 different sessions using 2 types of headphones at multiple preset gain settings of the MP3 player. Output levels of an MP3 player and temporary threshold and emission shifts after 1 hour of listening. The output levels at the full gain setting were 97.36 dBA and 102.56 dBA for the supra-aural headphones and stock earbuds, respectively. In the noise exposure group, significant changes in hearing thresholds and transient-evoked otoacoustic emission amplitudes were found between preexposure and postexposure measurements. However, this pattern was not seen for distortion product otoacoustic emission amplitudes. Significant differences in the incidence of significant threshold or emission shifts were observed between almost every session of the noise exposure group compared with the control group. Temporary changes in hearing sensitivity measured by audiometry and otoacoustic emissions indicate the potential harmful effects of listening to an MP3 player. Further research is needed to evaluate the long-term risk of cumulative noise exposure on the auditory system of adolescents and adults.

  16. Everyday music listening and affect regulation: The role of MP3 players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Strand Skånland

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The use of digital portable music devices such as MP3 players has rapidly increased during the last decade, and the sheer availability of music offered by such players raises questions about their impact on listeners’ mental and physical health and well-being. This article explores MP3 player use as an everyday tactic for affect regulation, here understood as an individual's efforts to maintain or change the intensity or duration of a given affect. The ability to understand and regulate affects has significant health implications, and among the tactics relevant to such regulation, engagement with music has proven to be particularly successful. The material presented in this article is based on a qualitative interview study focused on MP3 player use as a medium for musical self-care. Because MP3 users can listen to whatever they want, whenever they want, and target their music in the interests of managing and regulating moods and emotions, the MP3 player represents a valuable and convenient technology of affect regulation.

  17. Everyday music listening and affect regulation: the role of MP3 players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skånland, Marie Strand

    2013-08-07

    The use of digital portable music devices such as MP3 players has rapidly increased during the last decade, and the sheer availability of music offered by such players raises questions about their impact on listeners' mental and physical health and well-being. This article explores MP3 player use as an everyday tactic for affect regulation, here understood as an individual's efforts to maintain or change the intensity or duration of a given affect. The ability to understand and regulate affects has significant health implications, and among the tactics relevant to such regulation, engagement with music has proven to be particularly successful. The material presented in this article is based on a qualitative interview study focused on MP3 player use as a medium for musical self-care. Because MP3 users can listen to whatever they want, whenever they want, and target their music in the interests of managing and regulating moods and emotions, the MP3 player represents a valuable and convenient technology of affect regulation.

  18. Everyday music listening and affect regulation: The role of MP3 players

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    The use of digital portable music devices such as MP3 players has rapidly increased during the last decade, and the sheer availability of music offered by such players raises questions about their impact on listeners’ mental and physical health and well-being. This article explores MP3 player use as an everyday tactic for affect regulation, here understood as an individual's efforts to maintain or change the intensity or duration of a given affect. The ability to understand and regulate affects has significant health implications, and among the tactics relevant to such regulation, engagement with music has proven to be particularly successful. The material presented in this article is based on a qualitative interview study focused on MP3 player use as a medium for musical self-care. Because MP3 users can listen to whatever they want, whenever they want, and target their music in the interests of managing and regulating moods and emotions, the MP3 player represents a valuable and convenient technology of affect regulation. PMID:23930987

  19. MP3: a software tool for the prediction of pathogenic proteins in genomic and metagenomic data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Ankit; Kapil, Rohan; Dhakan, Darshan B; Sharma, Vineet K

    2014-01-01

    The identification of virulent proteins in any de-novo sequenced genome is useful in estimating its pathogenic ability and understanding the mechanism of pathogenesis. Similarly, the identification of such proteins could be valuable in comparing the metagenome of healthy and diseased individuals and estimating the proportion of pathogenic species. However, the common challenge in both the above tasks is the identification of virulent proteins since a significant proportion of genomic and metagenomic proteins are novel and yet unannotated. The currently available tools which carry out the identification of virulent proteins provide limited accuracy and cannot be used on large datasets. Therefore, we have developed an MP3 standalone tool and web server for the prediction of pathogenic proteins in both genomic and metagenomic datasets. MP3 is developed using an integrated Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Hidden Markov Model (HMM) approach to carry out highly fast, sensitive and accurate prediction of pathogenic proteins. It displayed Sensitivity, Specificity, MCC and accuracy values of 92%, 100%, 0.92 and 96%, respectively, on blind dataset constructed using complete proteins. On the two metagenomic blind datasets (Blind A: 51-100 amino acids and Blind B: 30-50 amino acids), it displayed Sensitivity, Specificity, MCC and accuracy values of 82.39%, 97.86%, 0.80 and 89.32% for Blind A and 71.60%, 94.48%, 0.67 and 81.86% for Blind B, respectively. In addition, the performance of MP3 was validated on selected bacterial genomic and real metagenomic datasets. To our knowledge, MP3 is the only program that specializes in fast and accurate identification of partial pathogenic proteins predicted from short (100-150 bp) metagenomic reads and also performs exceptionally well on complete protein sequences. MP3 is publicly available at http://metagenomics.iiserb.ac.in/mp3/index.php.

  20. MP3: A Software Tool for the Prediction of Pathogenic Proteins in Genomic and Metagenomic Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Ankit; Kapil, Rohan; Dhakan, Darshan B.; Sharma, Vineet K.

    2014-01-01

    The identification of virulent proteins in any de-novo sequenced genome is useful in estimating its pathogenic ability and understanding the mechanism of pathogenesis. Similarly, the identification of such proteins could be valuable in comparing the metagenome of healthy and diseased individuals and estimating the proportion of pathogenic species. However, the common challenge in both the above tasks is the identification of virulent proteins since a significant proportion of genomic and metagenomic proteins are novel and yet unannotated. The currently available tools which carry out the identification of virulent proteins provide limited accuracy and cannot be used on large datasets. Therefore, we have developed an MP3 standalone tool and web server for the prediction of pathogenic proteins in both genomic and metagenomic datasets. MP3 is developed using an integrated Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Hidden Markov Model (HMM) approach to carry out highly fast, sensitive and accurate prediction of pathogenic proteins. It displayed Sensitivity, Specificity, MCC and accuracy values of 92%, 100%, 0.92 and 96%, respectively, on blind dataset constructed using complete proteins. On the two metagenomic blind datasets (Blind A: 51–100 amino acids and Blind B: 30–50 amino acids), it displayed Sensitivity, Specificity, MCC and accuracy values of 82.39%, 97.86%, 0.80 and 89.32% for Blind A and 71.60%, 94.48%, 0.67 and 81.86% for Blind B, respectively. In addition, the performance of MP3 was validated on selected bacterial genomic and real metagenomic datasets. To our knowledge, MP3 is the only program that specializes in fast and accurate identification of partial pathogenic proteins predicted from short (100–150 bp) metagenomic reads and also performs exceptionally well on complete protein sequences. MP3 is publicly available at http://metagenomics.iiserb.ac.in/mp3/index.php. PMID:24736651

  1. Everyday music listening and affect regulation: The role of MP3 players

    OpenAIRE

    Skånland, Marie Strand

    2013-01-01

    The use of digital portable music devices such as MP3 players has rapidly increased during the last decade, and the sheer availability of music offered by such players raises questions about their impact on listeners’ mental and physical health and well-being. This article explores MP3 player use as an everyday tactic for affect regulation, here understood as an individual’s efforts to maintain or change the intensity or duration of a given affect. The ability to understand and regulate affec...

  2. Adolescents and MP3 players : Too many risks, too few precautions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vogel, I.; Verschuure, H.; Ploeg, C.P.B. van der; Brug, J.; Raat, H.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. The goal was to assess risky and protective listening behaviors of adolescent users of MP3 players and the association of these behaviors with demographic characteristics and frequency of use. METHODS. In 2007, 1687 adolescents (12-19 years of age) in 68 classes in 15 Dutch secondary

  3. Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients: An Evaluation of Robustness of MP3 Encoded Music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Petersen, Kaare Brandt; Lehn-Schiøler, Tue

    2006-01-01

    In large MP3 databases, files are typically generated with different parameter settings, i.e., bit rate and sampling rates. This is of concern for MIR applications, as encoding difference can potentially confound meta-data estimation and similarity evaluation. In this paper we will discuss...

  4. MP3 Players and Hearing Loss: Adolescents' Perceptions of Loud Music and Hearing Conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vogel, I.; Brug, J.; Hosli, E.J.; Ploeg, C.P.B. van der; Raat, H.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To explore adolescents' behaviors and opinions about exposure to loud music from MP3 players. Study design: We conducted a qualitative analysis of focus-group discussions with adolescents aged 12 to 18 years from 2 large secondary schools (1 urban and 1 rural) for pre-vocational and

  5. Tinjauan Geografi Regional terhadap Masterplan Percepatan dan Perluasan Pembangunan Ekonomi Indonesia (MP3EI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Baiquni

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Regional Geography at national level is a study of unique characteristics and pattern of natural phenomena and human phenomena in a certain region which are delineated and regionalized for certain purpose. In this perspective, Masterplan MP3EI was launched by since 2011 be analyzed on how its relations with backward regions and boundary regions. A critical review related to what is the concept behind and how are the strategies implement this program. The research methods are literature review, maps pattern analysis, and indent interview. The results of this research are (1 MP3EI is driven by economic growth strategy and lack of local politics involvement i.e. autonomy; (2 The economic corridor of MP3EI partly related to backward region and boundary region of Indonesia; (3 There are many challenges on how to implement MP3EI such as: integration foreign high investment with local economy, synergy to autonomy, preserve nature conservation area, and enrich cultural heritage of cultural diversity.

  6. Fundamental Frequency Estimation of the Speech Signal Compressed by MP3 Algorithm Using PCC Interpolation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MILIVOJEVIC, Z. N.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the fundamental frequency estimation results of the MP3 modeled speech signal are analyzed. The estimation of the fundamental frequency was performed by the Picking-Peaks algorithm with the implemented Parametric Cubic Convolution (PCC interpolation. The efficiency of PCC was tested for Catmull-Rom, Greville and Greville two-parametric kernel. Depending on MSE, a window that gives optimal results was chosen.

  7. Data::Downloader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duggan, Brian

    2012-01-01

    Downloading and organizing large amounts of files is challenging, and often done using ad hoc methods. This software is capable of downloading and organizing files as an OpenSearch client. It can subscribe to RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feeds and Atom feeds containing arbitrary metadata, and maintains a local content addressable data store. It uses existing standards for obtaining the files, and uses efficient techniques for storing the files. Novel features include symbolic links to maintain a sane directory structure, checksums for validating file integrity during transfer and storage, and flexible use of server-provided metadata.

  8. Las organizaciones contemporáneas tipo mp3 y su influencia cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Macías Cardona

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se hace una reflexión sobre la influencia cultural de organizaciones contemporáneas con estructuras des-jerarquizadas y procesos internos no secuenciales, que el profesor Richard Sennet ha llamado organizaciones MP3. A partir de las estructuras organizacionales descritas por Álvaro Zapata, la distinción entre trabajo y labor de Hannah Arendt, los mecanismos de vigilancia foucaultianos y una contextualización en Colombia, se analiza la baja lealtad institucional, la disminución de la confianza informal entre quienes laboran y el debilitamiento del conocimiento institucional.

  9. Modification of otoacoustic emissions following ear-level exposure to MP3 player music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhagat, Shaum P; Davis, Anne M

    2008-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine if a pre-determined exposure level and duration of MP3 player music would result in significant changes in cochlear function when measured with audiometric and physiological methods. Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs), synchronized spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SSOAEs), and hearing thresholds were measured in 20 normal-hearing adults before and after a 30-minute MP3 player music exposure. DPOAEs were acquired with 65/45 dB SPL primary tones (f(2)=0.842-7.996 kHz) with a frequency resolution of 8 points/octave. A probe microphone system recorded ear-canal music levels and was used to equalize levels at approximately 85 dBC across individuals during the music presentation. Comparison of pre- and post-exposure measurements revealed no significant differences in hearing thresholds, but DPOAE levels in half-octave bands centered from 1.4-6.0 kHz were significantly reduced following the music exposure. Post-exposure shifts in SSOAE frequency and level were highly variable in individuals identified with SSOAEs. The results for the exposure conditions explored in this study indicate that changes in otoacoustic emissions may precede the development of music-induced hearing threshold shifts.

  10. A ROSE-based OpenMP 3.0 Research Compiler Supporting Multiple Runtime Libraries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liao, C; Quinlan, D; Panas, T

    2010-01-25

    OpenMP is a popular and evolving programming model for shared-memory platforms. It relies on compilers for optimal performance and to target modern hardware architectures. A variety of extensible and robust research compilers are key to OpenMP's sustainable success in the future. In this paper, we present our efforts to build an OpenMP 3.0 research compiler for C, C++, and Fortran; using the ROSE source-to-source compiler framework. Our goal is to support OpenMP research for ourselves and others. We have extended ROSE's internal representation to handle all of the OpenMP 3.0 constructs and facilitate their manipulation. Since OpenMP research is often complicated by the tight coupling of the compiler translations and the runtime system, we present a set of rules to define a common OpenMP runtime library (XOMP) on top of multiple runtime libraries. These rules additionally define how to build a set of translations targeting XOMP. Our work demonstrates how to reuse OpenMP translations across different runtime libraries. This work simplifies OpenMP research by decoupling the problematic dependence between the compiler translations and the runtime libraries. We present an evaluation of our work by demonstrating an analysis tool for OpenMP correctness. We also show how XOMP can be defined using both GOMP and Omni and present comparative performance results against other OpenMP compilers.

  11. A new system for assessment of growth using mandibular canine calcification stages and its correlation with modified MP3 stages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gautham Hegde

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning for growing children must involve growth prediction, especially in the treatment of skeletal problems. Studies have shown that a strong association exists between skeletal maturity and dental calcification stages. The present study was therefore taken up to provide a simple and practical method for assessing skeletal maturity using a dental periapical film and standard dental X-ray machine, to compare the developmental stages of the mandibular canine with that of developmental stages of modified MP3 and to find out if any correlation exists, to determine if the developmental stages of the mandibular canine alone can be used as a reliable indicator for assessment of skeletal maturity. Materials and Methods: A total of 160 periapical radiographs, of the mandibular right canine and the MP3 region was taken and assessed according to the Dermirjian′s stages of dental calcification and the modified MP3 stages. Results and Discussion: The correlation coefficient between MP3 stages and developmental stages of mandibular canine was found to be significant in both male and female groups. When the canine calcification stages were compared with the MP3 stages it was found that with the exception of the D stage of canine calcification the remaining stages showed a very high correlation with the modified MP3 stages. Conclusion: The correlation between the mandibular canine calcification stages, and the MP3 stages was found to be significant. The canine calcification could be used as a sole indicator for assessment of skeletal maturity.

  12. Analysis of Factors Affecting Output Levels and Frequencies of MP3 Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jinsook

    2013-09-01

    Exposure to high levels of music that could lead to music induced hearing loss (MIHL) has been of recent interest especially for young adults, considering their excessive use of personal listening devices such as MP3 player. More attention should be drawn to MIHL for noting that early noise exposure leads to earlier onset of presbycusis. In search of appropriate and safe listening habits for young adults, this investigation was aimed to evaluate output levels and frequencies generated by the Samsung galaxy note MP3 player depending on two earphone types; ear-bud and over-the-ear earphones and three music genres; rock, hip-hop, ballade. A sound level meter was used to measure output level and frequency spectrum between 12.5 and 16000 Hz at all 1/3-octave bands. The following results can be summarized. 1) The earphone styles did not produce significant difference in output levels, but the music genres did. However, the results of music genres varied. 2) Neither earphone styles nor music genres produced significant difference in frequency response spectrum, except music genres at the volume settings we usually listen to. Additionally, volume levels should be lower than 50% for usual listening situation. Through this investigation, it was noted that the frequency range was substantial between 50 and 1000 Hz regardless of the styles of earphones and music genres, implying that we should be cautious of this frequency range when we listen to music. Researchers should give more attention to the effects of the mixture of output level and frequency spectrum, considering that the auditory system has frequency specificity from the periphery to the central to provide refined methods for protecting our ears from MIHL.

  13. Large-scale FMO-MP3 calculations on the surface proteins of influenza virus, hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mochizuki, Yuji; Yamashita, Katsumi; Fukuzawa, Kaori; Takematsu, Kazutomo; Watanabe, Hirofumi; Taguchi, Naoki; Okiyama, Yoshio; Tsuboi, Misako; Nakano, Tatsuya; Tanaka, Shigenori

    2010-06-01

    Two proteins on the influenza virus surface have been well known. One is hemagglutinin (HA) associated with the infection to cells. The fragment molecular orbital (FMO) calculations were performed on a complex consisting of HA trimer and two Fab-fragments at the third-order Møller-Plesset perturbation (MP3) level. The numbers of residues and 6-31G basis functions were 2351 and 201276, and thus a massively parallel-vector computer was utilized to accelerate the processing. This FMO-MP3 job was completed in 5.8 h with 1024 processors. Another protein is neuraminidase (NA) involved in the escape from infected cells. The FMO-MP3 calculation was also applied to analyze the interactions between oseltamivir and surrounding residues in pharmacophore.

  14. PENGEMBANGAN PROTOTIPE SISTEM KONTROL MP3 PLAYER BERBASIS RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION PADA SISTEM PELAYANAN INFORMASI OBJEK MUSEUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gede Nurhayata

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Adanya perbedaan dalam penyampaian informasi objek museum secara lisan oleh beberapa pemandu wisata menunjukkan kurangnya standarisasi layanan informasi objek museum. Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan prototipe perangkat elektronik mobile sebagai salah satu alternatif standarisasi sistem pelayanan informasi objek museum. Penelitian ini menerapkan metode pengembangan dengan dua sub sistem perangkat pelayanan informasi objek meliputi:1 sistem identifikasi objek museum berbasis Radio Frequency Identification (RFID dan 2 sistem penyampaian informasi audio berbasis MP3 Player. Sub sistem pertama bertujuan mengenali identitas objek museum melalui perangkat RFID reader.  Sedangkan sub sistem kedua, bertujuan mengakses dan memainkan file audio pada MP3 player sehingga didengar melalui headphone. Hasil penelitian pada tahun pertama ini berupa perangkat keras dan perangkat lunak dalam identifikasi Tag ID dan kode tombol remote kontrol MP3 player. Berdasarkan data kinerja perangkat lunak dapat disimpulkan bahwa mikrokontroler AT89S51 dalam identifikasi Tag ID dan kode tombol pada remote kontrol MP3 player telah bekerja sesuai rancangan yang diharapkan. Disamping itu telah berhasil mengakses nomor informasi file audio sesuai dengan nomor identitas objek.

  15. MP3DG-PCC, open source software framework for implementation and evaluation of point cloud compression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.N. Mekuria (Rufael); P.S. Cesar Garcia (Pablo Santiago)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractWe present MP3DG-PCC, an open source framework for design, implementation and evaluation of point cloud compression algorithms. The framework includes objective quality metrics, lossy and lossless anchor codecs, and a test bench for consistent comparative evaluation. The framework and

  16. MP3 - A Meteorology and Physical Properties Package to explore Air:Sea interaction on Titan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenz, R. D.

    2012-04-01

    The exchange of mass, heat and momentum at the air:sea interface are profound influences on our environment. Titan presents us with an opportunity to study these processes in a novel physical context. The MP3 instrument, under development for the proposed Discovery mission TiME (Titan Mare Explorer) is an integrated suite of small, simple sensors that combines the a traditional meteorology package with liquid physical properties and depth-sounding. In TiME's 6-Titan-day (96-day) nominal mission, MP3 will have an extended measurement opportunity in one of the most evocative environments in the solar system. The mission and instrument benefit from APL's expertise and experience in marine as well as space systems. The topside meteorology sensors (METH, WIND, PRES, TEMP) will yield the first long-duration in-situ data to constrain Global Circulation Models. The sea sensors (TEMP, TURB, DIEL, SOSO) allow high cadence bulk composition measurements to detect heterogeneities as the TiME capsule drifts across Ligeia, while a depth sounder (SONR) will measure the bottom profile. The combination of these sensors (and vehicle dynamics, ACCL) will characterize air:sea exchange. In addition to surface data, a measurement subset (ACCL, PRES, METH, TEMP) is made during descent to characterize the structure of the polar troposphere and marine boundary layer. A single electronics box inside the vehicle performs supervising and data handling functions and is connected to the sensors on the exterior via a wire and fiber optic harness. ACCL: MEMS accelerometers and angular rate sensors measure the vehicle motion during descent and on the surface, to recover wave amplitude and period and to correct wind measurements for vehicle motion. TEMP: Precision sensors are installed at several locations above and below the 'waterline' to measure air and sea temperatures. Installation of topside sensors at several locations ensures that at least one is on the upwind side of the vehicle. PRES: The

  17. PERAN MP3EI BERBASIS ”NOT BUSINESS AS USUAL” UNTUK MENINGKATKAN DAYA SAING DAN PENYERAPAN TENAGA KERJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hardiansyah Nur Sahaya

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia, as a developing country, is currently facing a tremendous challenge. Global era can be an opportunity, a challenge, as well as a threat. In this globalization era, known as economic liberalization or free trade in services in particular labor. Indonesian workers are expected to be able to compete with workers from other countries. To meet the challenges of globalization workforce, the government has prepared MP3EI (Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia's Economic Development which is not based on common business. MP3EI is a government program that is made by considering the various advantages and potential, as well as the development challenges that Indonesia must face. However, in the implementation of the strategic role of MP3EI, there are still problems in terms of human resources, science and technology. Education focuses mainly on Java, less access to education, use of science and technology training, lack of infrastructure investment training. Therefore, we need a concrete solution in optimizing regional autonomy to address the education gap in each corridor, develop the concept of "one corridor, one potential school corridor". This concept is expected to optimize each economic corridor, regeneration and gradual training for cadres training centers, increasing government and private partnership (PPP in infrastructure investment in training through the implementation of regional autonomy.Indonesia sebagai bangsa yang sedang membangun, saat ini sedang menghadapi tantangan yang luar biasa. Era global dapat menjadi peluang, tantangan, sekaligus juga menjadi ancaman. Dalam era globalisasi yang dikenal dengan liberalisasi ekonomi atau perdagangan bebas khususnya bidang jasa tenaga kerja. Tenaga kerja Indonesia dituntut harus mampu bersaing dengan tenaga kerja dari negara lain. Untuk menjawab tantangan globalisasi tenaga kerja yang ada, pemerintah telah menyiapkan MP3EI (Masterplan Percepatan dan Perluasan

  18. Publish Subscribe Systems Design and Principles

    CERN Document Server

    Tarkoma, Sasu

    2012-01-01

    This book offers an unified treatment of the problems solved by publish/subscribe, how to design and implement the solutions In this book, the author provides an insight into the publish/subscribe technology including the design, implementation, and evaluation of new systems based on the technology.  The book also addresses the basic design patterns and solutions, and discusses their application in practical application scenarios. Furthermore, the author examines current standards and industry best practices as well as recent research proposals in the area. Finally, necessary content ma

  19. Funding Alert Subscribe Confirmation | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Thank you. Please check your email ( ) to confirm your subscription to the IDRC Funding Alerts. Please note: the link in your confirmation email is valid for 3 days, so please reply promptly. We fund researchers driving global change. Careers · Contact Us · Subscribe · Unsubscribe · Site map. Follow us; Facebook · Twitter ...

  20. Subscribe to Newsletter | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Innovation. Solutions. Careers · Contact Us · Site map. Sign up now for IDRC news and views sent directly to your inbox each month. Subscribe · Copyright · Open access policy · Privacy policy · Research ethics · Transparency · Website usage. Follow us; Facebook · Twitter · Youtube · Linked In · RSS Feed. © 2016 IDRC.

  1. Reconfiguration Service for Publish/Subscribe Middleware

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zieba, Bogumil; Glandrup, Maurice; van Sinderen, Marten J.; Wegdam, M.

    2006-01-01

    Mission-critical, distributed systems are often designed as a set of distributed, components that interact using publish/subscribe middleware. Currently, in these systems, software components are usually statically allocated to the nodes to fulfil predictability, reliability requirements. However, a

  2. Mathematical model of subscriber extension line

    OpenAIRE

    Petříková, Iva; Diviš, Zdeněk; Tesař, Zdeněk

    2012-01-01

    The paper focuses on measurement properties of metallic subscriber extension lines to build regression mathematical model for a symmetric pair cable. The regression model is compared with an analytical model based on a theoretical description of transfer parameters for this type of line. The output of the paper should demonstrate the impact of electromagnetic interference on the symmetric pair. The paper also describes the method to identify the interference sources and ...

  3. Detailed analysis of methods and attitudes of illegal music downloading and copyright infringement

    OpenAIRE

    Gruk, Oleksandr

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this research project is to investigate the effects of music downloading from unlicensed sources, by measuring attitudes towards illegal downloading and copyright infringement and analyzing the most popular ways of acquiring music and MP3s over the internet. Research Methodology: The sample design was targeted mainly towards Generation Y (Individuals from around the globe used for the sample). Based on the sampling frame, 300 respondents filled out an online s...

  4. MP3 compression and transmission of infrasonic sensor array signals and task-specific metrics for distortion evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrera, Sergio D.; Vidal, Edward, Jr.; Paramanandan, Smitha

    2005-08-01

    Infrasonic sensor arrays are very useful for detecting natural and man-made events. This paper describes part of an ongoing project for compressing and transmitting a set of infrasonic signals that need to be delivered to a remote location for decompression and processing. The project also deals with the evaluation of the effect of the compression distortion on the signals by the use of task-specific distortion metrics. We evaluate the effectiveness of the scheme using one hour worth of signals that were collected during a Space Shuttle launch using a small array of 4 microphones. The approach described here is to combine the 4 signals/channels using a transmultiplexer and to use an off-the-shelf audio compression method, namely the popular MP3 method which is based on subband coding. The transmultiplexer is a 5-channel Cosine-Modulated filterbank from which only the first 4 channels are used.. The codec used in this study is the readily available LAME software package which allows one to choose the output bits per second rate and to turn off the psychoacoustic model. To use an audio coder, the combined signal is first converted to 16 bits per sample and then associated with a 16 KHz. sampling frequency. In the application considered, the microphone signals are used to compute time evolving quantities including: average spectral coherence, beamforming, and phase velocity. These same quantities are used as task-specific metrics that reveal the distortion caused by the application of the MP3 compressor so that the user can evaluate distortion tolerances. From visual evaluation of these metrics we conclude that a compression ratio between 6.4:1 and 8:1 produces negligible distortion in the three task-specific metrics. The beamforming metric is the most sensitive to the compression distortion.

  5. Subscriber loop optical distribution architecture: a cost-effective TDM/TDMA subscriber loop system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rueda, Javier; Eldering, Charles A.

    1992-02-01

    While it is clear that the development of the laser and low loss optical fiber has had an unmistakable impact on the field of telecommunications, the deployment of optical fiber in the subscriber (local) loop is an especially challenging task. It requires development of low cost equipment that will initially be used at low bit rates (Transmission of TV data, in either analog or digital form, will make more efficient use of the fiber bandwidth and generate additional revenues. But as seen from the perspective of the telephony industry, basic telephone services are the principal source of revenue and economic justification for the installation of subscriber loop fiber systems. For large scale deployment in the subscriber loop, the fiber optic system must provide basic telephone services with equal or better performance at a cost that is competitive with that of existing copper pair technology. In this paper we examine a number of possible fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) and fiber-to-the-curb (FTTC) architectures, and present an architecture for urban areas that is best classified as fiber-to-the-building (FTTB). We examine the costs and performance characteristics of the various networks. We show how demographic information can be used to optimize the capacity of the remote terminals. It is shown that for the demography of Spain (where in urban areas the majority of the population resides in apartment buildings with 10 or more dwellings) a remote terminal with a variable subscriber capacity presents a cost savings over remote terminals with a fixed number of subscriber channels.

  6. 47 CFR 10.270 - Subscribers' right to terminate subscription.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subscribers' right to terminate subscription. 10.270 Section 10.270 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMERCIAL MOBILE ALERT SYSTEM Election to Participate in Commercial Mobile Alert System § 10.270 Subscribers' right to...

  7. Utilization and challenges of online subscribed databases by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper investigated the Utilization and Challenges of Online Databases Subscribed to by university libraries in Katsina State. Objectives of the study were to find out the types of online subscribed databases used by academics in universities in Katsina; the extent to which the academics in the universities use the online ...

  8. A Low Affinity GCaMP3 Variant (GCaMPer for Imaging the Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium Store.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark J Henderson

    Full Text Available Endoplasmic reticulum calcium homeostasis is critical for cellular functions and is disrupted in diverse pathologies including neurodegeneration and cardiovascular disease. Owing to the high concentration of calcium within the ER, studying this subcellular compartment requires tools that are optimized for these conditions. To develop a single-fluorophore genetically encoded calcium indicator for this organelle, we targeted a low affinity variant of GCaMP3 to the ER lumen (GCaMPer (10.19. A set of viral vectors was constructed to express GCaMPer in human neuroblastoma cells, rat primary cortical neurons, and human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes. We observed dynamic changes in GCaMPer (10.19 fluorescence in response to pharmacologic manipulations of the ER calcium store. Additionally, periodic calcium efflux from the ER was observed during spontaneous beating of cardiomyocytes. GCaMPer (10.19 has utility in imaging ER calcium in living cells and providing insight into luminal calcium dynamics under physiologic and pathologic states.

  9. Use of MP3 players to increase asthma knowledge in inner-city African-American adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosnaim, Giselle S; Cohen, Marc S; Rhoads, Christopher H; Rittner, Sarah Stuart; Powell, Lynda H

    2008-01-01

    Low-income African-American adolescents suffer a disproportionate burden of asthma morbidity. To evaluate the ability of our intervention, the Adolescents' Disease Empowerment and Persistency Technology (ADEPT) for asthma, to increase asthma knowledge in our target population. This was a 14-week (2-week run-in and 12-week treatment) randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study in which 28 inner-city African-American adolescents with asthma, between 10 and 18 years of age, were randomized to receive (1) celebrity asthma messages (experimental group), or (2) general health messages (control group) between music tracks on an MP3 player. The asthma messages were recorded by famous athletes, musicians, and other celebrities popular among this group of teenagers. Asthma knowledge, assessed by the ZAP Asthma Knowledge instrament, was collected pre- and post-intervention. Mean improvement in ZAP score was significantly higher in the experimental group (8.1%, SD 7.2%) than the control group (0.4%, SD 7.2%) (p = 0.05). These findings suggest that this may be an innovative and promising new approach to improving asthma outcomes in this difficult-to-reach population.

  10. Assessment of skeletal age using MP 3 and hand-wrist radiographs and its correlation with dental and chronological ages in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bala M

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to assess skeletal age using MP 3 and hand-wrist radiographs and to find the correlation amongst the skeletal, dental and chronological ages. One hundred and sixty North-Indian healthy children in the age group 8-14 years, comprising equal number of males and females were included in the study. The children were radiographed for middle phalanx of third finger (MP 3 and hand-wrist of the right hand and intra oral periapical X-ray for right permanent maxillary canine. Skeletal age was assessed from MP 3 and hand-wrist radiographs according to the standards of Greulich and Pyle. The dental age was assessed from IOPA radiographs of right permanent maxillary canine based on Nolla′s calcification stages. Skeletal age from MP 3 and hand-wrist radiographs shows high correlation in all the age groups for both sexes. Females were advanced in skeletal maturation than males. Skeletal age showed high correlation with dental age in 12-14 years age group. Chronological age showed inconsistent correlation with dental and skeletal ages.

  11. Motif Subscriber Menonton Channel YouTube Raditya Dika

    OpenAIRE

    Mellyaningsih, Adinda

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui motif para subscriber dalam menonton channelYouTube Raditya Dika. Raditya Dika merupakan YouTuber Indonesia dengan jumlah subscriber terbanyak dan merupakan orang pertama di Indonesia yang mendapatkan penghargaan Certifies Award oleh YouTube. Peneliti menggunakan teori Uses and Gratification dengan empat indikator, yaitu hiburan dan relaksasi, hubungan antar pribadi, mencari informasi, dan persahabatan. Metode dalam penelitian ini adalah online survei...

  12. The impact of peer support and mp3 messaging on adherence to inhaled corticosteroids in minority adolescents with asthma: a randomized, controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosnaim, Giselle; Li, Hong; Martin, Molly; Richardson, DeJuran; Belice, Paula Jo; Avery, Elizabeth; Ryan, Norman; Bender, Bruce; Powell, Lynda

    2013-01-01

    Poor adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is a critical risk factor contributing to asthma morbidity among low-income minority adolescents. This trial tested whether peer support group meetings and peer asthma messages delivered via mp3 players improved adherence to ICS. Low-income African American and/or Hispanic adolescents, ages 11-16 years old, with persistent asthma, and poor (≤ 48%) adherence to prescription ICS during the 3-week run-in were randomized to intervention or attention control groups (ATG) for the 10-week treatment. During treatment, the intervention arm subjects participated in weekly coping peer group support sessions and received mp3 peer-recorded asthma messages that promoted adherence. The ATG participated in weekly meetings with a research assistant and received an equivalent number of mp3 physician-recorded asthma messages. Adherence was measured by using self-report and the Doser CT, an electronic dose counter. The primary outcome was the difference in adherence at 10 weeks between the 2 arms. Thirty-four subjects were randomized to each arm. At 10 weeks, no statistical difference in objectively measured adherence could be detected between the 2 arms when adjusting for baseline adherence (P = .929). Adherence declined in both groups over the course of the active treatment period. In both study arms, self-reported adherence by participants was significantly higher than their objectively measured adherence at week 10 (P < .0001). Improving medication adherence in longitudinal studies is challenging. Peer support and mp3-delivered peer asthma messages may not be of sufficient dose to improve outcomes. Copyright © 2013 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Comparison of Macular Integrity Assessment (MAIA ™, MP-3, and the Humphrey Field Analyzer in the Evaluation of the Relationship between the Structure and Function of the Macula.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazuyuki Hirooka

    Full Text Available This study was conducted in order to compare relationships between the macular visual field (VF mean sensitivity measured by MAIATM (Macular Integrity Assessment, MP-3, or Humphry field analyzer (HFA and the ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (GCA thicknesses.This cross-sectional study examined 73 glaucoma patients and 19 normal subjects. All subjects underwent measurements for GCA thickness by Cirrus HD-OCT and static threshold perimetry using MAIATM, MP-3, or HFA. VF and OCT in the retinal view were used to examine both the global relationship between the VF sensitivity and GCA thickness, and the superior hemiretina and inferior hemiretina. The relationship between the GCA thickness and macular sensitivity was examined by Spearman correlation analysis.For each instrument, statistically significant macular VF sensitivity (dB and GCA thickness relationships were observed using the decibel scale (R = 0.547-0.687, all P < 0.001. The highest correlation for the global (R = 0.682 and the superior hemiretina (R = 0.594 GCA thickness-VF mean sensitivity was observed by the HFA. The highest correlation for the inferior hemiretina (R = 0.687 GCA thickness-VF mean sensitivity was observed by the MP-3. Among the three VF measurement instruments, however, no significant differences were found for the structure-function relationships.All three VF measurement instruments found similar structure-function relationships in the central VF.

  14. Incidence of tinnitus in mp3 player users Incidência de zumbido em usuários de estéreos pessoais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Rodrigues Figueiredo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Exposure to loud noise is one of the main causes of tinnitus. AIM: To analyze the incidence of tinnitus in mp3 player users and non-users. MATERIAL AND METHOD: One hundred subjects aged from 15 to 30 years were enrolled, 54 of them were regular mp3 player users and 46 were not. Patients with continuous tinnitus for at least 6 months completed the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI and were tested with high frequency audiometry and transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TAOE. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional cohort study. RESULTS: The incidence of tinnitus in non-users was about 8 %; in mp3 player users it was about 28 %, a statistically significant difference. Hearing thresholds at 8kHz were significantly higher in tinnitus patients that used mp3 portable players.TAOE were reduced at 2 kHz in the users group. No statistically significant difference was found in the THI scores between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Tinnitus was more frequent in teenagers and young adults who regularly listen to mp3 music in players. Moreover, the incidence of tinnitus among mp3 player users was associated with higher hearing thresholds at 8 kHz and lower TOAE at 2 kHz.Uma das principais causas de zumbido é a exposição a ruído. OBJETIVO: Comparar a incidência de zumbido entre usuários e não usuários de estéreos pessoais. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Cem indivíduos entre 15 e 30 anos foram recrutados, 54 deles usuários regulares de estéreos pessoais e 46 não-usuários. Pacientes com zumbido preencheram a versão validada para o português brasileiro do Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI. Todos foram submetidos à audiometria de altas frequências (AAF e otoemissões acústicas transientes (OEAT. DESENHO CIENTÍFICO: Estudo de coorte contemporânea com corte transversal. RESULTADOS: A incidência de zumbido entre os usuários de estéreos pessoais foi significativamente maior (aproximadamente 28% x 8%. Os limiares auditivos em 8 kHz foram maiores nos portadores de

  15. Do cell phones, iPods/MP3 players, siblings and friends matter? Predictors of child body mass in a U.S. Southern Border City Middle School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ynalvez, Marcus Antonius; Ynalvez, Ruby; Torregosa, Marivic; Palacios, Horacio; Kilburn, John

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the association of children's (i) micro-social environment, specifically siblings [kin-friends] and friends from school and neighborhood [non-kin-friends], and (ii) ownership of information and communication technologies (ICT), specifically cell phones and iPod/MP3 players, with body mass index percentile (BMIp). Fifty-five randomly selected 6th graders with a mean age of 12 years, stratified by gender (23 boys and 32 girls), from a Texas middle school located in a city along the U.S. southern border. The linear regression of BMIp on number of siblings and of non-kin-friends, and ownership of cell phone and of iPod/MP3 player was examined using two models: M1 was based on the manual selection of predictors from a pool of potential predictors. M2 was derived from the predictors specified in M1 using backward elimination technique. Because sample size was small, the significance of regression coefficients was evaluated using robust standard errors to calculate t-values. Data for predictors were obtained through a survey. Height and weight were obtained through actual anthropometric measurements. BMIp was calculated using the on-line BMI calculator of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Findings reveal that children's social environment and ICT ownership predict BMIp; specifically, number of siblings (M2: β = -0.34, p-value < .001), and ownership of iPod/MP3 players (M2: β = 0.33, p-value < .001). These results underscore the importance of family in configuring, and of new personal technical devices (that encourage solitary, and oftentimes sedentary, activities) in predicting child body mass. © 2012 Asian Oceanian Association for the Study of Obesity . Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Stochastic Ca(2+) waves that propagate through the neuroepithelium in limited distances of the brain and retina imaged with GCaMP3 in zebrafish embryos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, Shin-ichi; Nakagawa, Masashi; Hatta, Kohei

    2013-09-01

    Ca(2+) plays important roles in animal development and behavior. Various Ca(2+) transients during development have been reported in non-neuronal tissues, mainly by using synthesized calcium indicators. Here we used GCaMP3, a genetically encoded calcium indicator, to monitor stochastic Ca(2+) waves, in zebrafish embryos. To express GCaMP3 systemically throughout the body, its mRNA was injected into fertilized eggs. In the neuroepithelium of developing anterior brain and retina at 12-20 hours post-fertilization, we found spontaneously occurring stochastic Ca(2+) waves. Each Ca(2+) wave typically appeared in a randomly distributed spot, spread for 5-60 sec to form an area whose position and size varied each time with a diameter ranging from 10 to 160 µm, and then shrank and decreased to 50% brightness in 4-67 sec. A precise examination of the cellular distribution using Nipkow disk multibeam confocal laser scanning indicated that the Ca(2+) waves spread cell by cell. 2-APB, IP3-receptor inhibitor, but not carbenoxolone, a gap junction blocker, inhibit these Ca(2+) waves. Stronger fluorescence was found in the cytoplasm compared to the nuclei in the resting cells, and localized fluorescence was observed at the spindle poles in dividing cells. Ca(2+) waves also spread through the dividing cells. Our results reveal a novel type of cell-to-cell communication through the neuroepithelium in the developing zebrafish brain and retina, distinct from communication through neuron-neuron circuits. Our findings also indicated that GCaMP3 was useful for monitoring both stochastic and behavior-related Ca(2+) waves in the nervous system and skeletal muscles in zebrafish embryos.

  17. Subscribers' Complaints and Response of the Global Satellite ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The GSM subscribers on their part also face many problems, major of which is constant network failure. Other problems include card recharging problem; checking of balance difficulty and wrong deduction of credit. The study was therefore designed to examine how the GSM Network operators respond to the complaints of ...

  18. Subscribe to NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... turn Javascript on. Subscribe to NIH MedlinePlus the magazine NIH MedlinePlus the magazine is published quarterly, in print and on the ... up for a free subscription to NIH MedlinePlus Magazine. Librarians may order this magazine in bulk . Please ...

  19. The new OGC Publish-Subscribe specification - status of work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigagli, Lorenzo; Echterhoff, Johannes; Braeckel, Aaron

    2013-04-01

    We relate on the work of the Open Geospatial Consortium Publish/Subscribe Standards Working Group (in short, OGC PubSub SWG), which investigates a mechanism to support publish/subscribe requirements across OGC service interfaces and data types (coverage, feature, etc.) Two primary parties characterize the publish/subscribe model: a Publisher, which is publishing information, and a Subscriber, which expresses an interest in all or part of the published information. The publish/subscribe model is distinguished from the request/reply and client/server models by the asynchronous delivery of messages and the ability for a Subscriber to specify an ongoing (persistent) expression of interest. The publish/subscribe model can be useful to reduce the latency between event occurrence and event notification, as it is the Publisher's responsibility to publish a message when the event occurs, rather than relying on clients to anticipate the occurrence. The publish/subscribe model can also be used to decouple message production from message consumption by allowing messages to be passed through a third party (a message broker). OGC services such as WMS and WFS have primarily addressed the request/reply model because it is sufficient to meet many use cases. Clients request data of interest when it is needed and may periodically request updates. Request/reply may be supplemented with publish/subscribe, in which case the initial state of interest may be requested via request/reply, and then a subscription may be created so that changes and updates are delivered. This can result in less or more predictable network traffic. The PubSub SWG aims at a unified solution based on existing, well-adopted IT standards, taking into account previous work and discussions, such as the activities of OASIS and W3C on WS-Notification, relevant IETF RFCs such as ATOM and XMPP, as well as the experience gained through the OGC Interoperability and Standards Programs. The SWG was chartered in 2010. Its

  20. Structure-based and multiple potential three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (SB-MP-3D-QSAR) for inhibitor design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Qi-Shi; Gao, Jing; Wei, Yu-Tuo; Du, Li-Qin; Wang, Shu-Qing; Huang, Ri-Bo

    2012-04-23

    The inhibitions of enzymes (proteins) are determined by the binding interactions between ligands and targeting proteins. However, traditional QSAR (quantitative structure-activity relationship) is a one-side technique, only considering the structures and physicochemical properties of inhibitors. In this study, the structure-based and multiple potential three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (SB-MP-3D-QSAR) is presented, in which the structural information of host protein is involved in the QSAR calculations. The SB-MP-3D-QSAR actually is a combinational method of docking approach and QSAR technique. Multiple docking calculations are performed first between the host protein and ligand molecules in a training set. In the targeting protein, the functional residues are selected, which make the major contribution to the binding free energy. The binding free energy between ligand and targeting protein is the summation of multiple potential energies, including van der Waals energy, electrostatic energy, hydrophobic energy, and hydrogen-bond energy, and may include nonthermodynamic factors. In the foundational QSAR equation, two sets of weighting coefficients {aj} and {bp} are assigned to the potential energy terms and to the functional residues, respectively. The two coefficient sets are solved by using iterative double least-squares (IDLS) technique in the training set. Then, the two sets of weighting coefficients are used to predict the bioactivities of inquired ligands. In an application example, the new developed method obtained much better results than that of docking calculations.

  1. Subscriber Behavior and Attitudes One Year after PM-AM Conversion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rarick, Galen R.; Lemert, James B.

    Because newspapers have begun switching from evening to morning publication with increasing frequency, a study investigated subscriber response to change in publication time and in subscriber behavior over time. In follow-up to an earlier study on subscriber reactions to the conversion to morning publication of the weekday Eugene (Oregon)…

  2. MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS' SATISFACTION TOWARDS SERVICE QUALITY IN TUTICORIN DIST

    OpenAIRE

    Asst. Prof. S. Anthony Rahul Golden

    2017-01-01

    Due to huge competition in the service sector, service providers have to focus on lots of aspects in connection with satisfying the customer. Especially, the providers need to focus on increasing the service quality to maintain their position in the competitive market. Subscribers’ satisfaction is one of the determinants of service quality and perception carried by subscribers plays an important role in choosing a mobile service provider. This paper presents a service quality analysis of mobi...

  3. Fiber-optic subscriber system based on passive optical network architecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitazawa, M.; Yamazaki, M.; Himi, S. (Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1994-04-01

    The subscriber line terminal and optical network unit were developed for the fiber-optic subscriber system based on a passive double star (PDS) optical network architecture which allows narrowband ISDN (integrated services digital network) services and video image transmission. Various LSIs were developed to implement the major system functions such as fast bit-synchronization, time division multiple access control, subscriber multiplexing/demultiplexing and 16-channel multiprocessing. For the optical interface module, the wavelength division multiplexing chip was hermetically sealed together with laser diode and photodiode chips by adopting high-silica based optical-waveguide technology to reduce a system dimension. The PDS fiber-optic subscriber system is useful for construction of economic optical subscriber networks because it allows multiple subscribers to share a single optical transmission line and a central equipment unit through a star coupler. 4 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ezra

    education) are conservation of knowledge and ideas, research, teaching, publication, extension or community service. In collaboration with their peers anywhere ..... probably due to dwindling finance given to both libraries which may have also accounted for the reduction in the number of Daily Newspapers subscribed to by ...

  5. Transmission Delay Modeling of Packet Communication over Digital Subscriber Line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiri Vodrazka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Certain multimedia and voice services, such as VoIP, IPTV, etc., are significantly delay sensitive and their performance is influenced by the overall transmission delay and its variance. One of the most common solutions used in access networks are xDSL lines, especially ADSL2+ or VDSL2. Although these subscriber lines also use packet communication, there are several differences and mechanisms, which influence their resulting delay. Their delay characteristics are also dependent on the individual settings of each xDSL provider, therefore we decided to investigate this area for typical commercially available lines in Czech Republic. Based on the measured values and experiments with real ADSL2+ lines we also developed a potential modeling method, which is presented in this article as well. The parameters for packet jitter based on the generalized Pareto distribution were modeled.

  6. Forensic Tools for Mobile Phone Subscriber Identity Modules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wayne Jansen

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Mobile phones and other handheld devices incorporating cellular capabilities, such as Personal Digital Assistants, are ubiquitous.  Besides placing calls, these devices allow users to perform other useful tasks, including text messaging and phonebook entry management.  When cell phones and cellular devices are involved in a crime or other incident, forensic specialists require tools that allow the proper retrieval and speedy examination of data present on the device.  For devices conforming to the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM standards, certain data such as dialed numbers, text messages, and phonebook entries are maintained on a Subscriber Identity Module (SIM.  This paper gives a snapshot of the state of the art of forensic software tools for SIMs and an explanation of the types of digital evidence they can recover.

  7. 47 CFR 10.280 - Subscribers' right to opt out of CMAS notifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subscribers' right to opt out of CMAS notifications. 10.280 Section 10.280 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMERCIAL MOBILE ALERT SYSTEM Election to Participate in Commercial Mobile Alert System § 10.280 Subscribers' right...

  8. Secret Forwarding of Events over Distributed Publish/Subscribe Overlay Network.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Yoon

    Full Text Available Publish/subscribe is a communication paradigm where loosely-coupled clients communicate in an asynchronous fashion. Publish/subscribe supports the flexible development of large-scale, event-driven and ubiquitous systems. Publish/subscribe is prevalent in a number of application domains such as social networking, distributed business processes and real-time mission-critical systems. Many publish/subscribe applications are sensitive to message loss and violation of privacy. To overcome such issues, we propose a novel method of using secret sharing and replication techniques. This is to reliably and confidentially deliver decryption keys along with encrypted publications even under the presence of several Byzantine brokers across publish/subscribe overlay networks. We also propose a framework for dynamically and strategically allocating broker replicas based on flexibly definable criteria for reliability and performance. Moreover, a thorough evaluation is done through a case study on social networks using the real trace of interactions among Facebook users.

  9. EXtending Mobility to Publish/Subscribe Systems Using a Pro-Active Caching Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulbaset Gaddah

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The publish/subscribe communication paradigm has many characteristics that lend themselves well to mobile wireless networks. Our research investigates the extension of current publish/subscribe systems to support subscriber mobility in such networks. We present a novel mobility management scheme based on a pro-active caching approach to overcome the challenges and the performance concerns of disconnected operations in publish/subscribe systems. We discuss the mechanism of our proposed scheme and present a comprehensive experimental evaluation of our approach and alternative state-of-the-art solutions based on reactive approaches and durable subscriptions. The obtained results illustrate significant performance benefits of our proposed scheme across a range of scenarios. We conclude our work by discussing a modeling approach that can be used to extrapolate the performance of our approach in a near-size environment (in terms of broker network and/or subscriber population to our experimental testbed.

  10. Des baladeurs MP3 en classe d'allemand - L'effet de l'autorégulation matérielle de l'écoute sur la compréhension auditive en langue seconde MP3-player in the German classroom: Effect of self-controlled listening on auditory comprehension in second language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphanie Roussel

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Nous rendons compte de plusieurs expérimentations au cours desquelles des élèves français de secondes LV1 allemand ont écouté plusieurs documents sonores en allemand au format MP3 sur ordinateur. Pendant leur écoute, leur écran a été filmé. Les mouvements de la souris et donc précisément les codes temporels (time codes des pauses, des retours en arrière et des avances rapides effectués pendant l'écoute ont ainsi ��té enregistrés, puis analysés. Cette méthode nous a permis de rendre compte des stratégies cognitives d'écoute autorégulée. Les données sont analysées d'un point de vue linguistique et psycholinguistique. Nous avons pu dégager quatre grands types d'écoute. Il en ressort que les auditeurs plus compétents ont une approche plus globale de la tâche d'écoute et que les moins compétents s'arrêtent plus souvent et ont plus de difficultés à comprendre le message. Notre étude montre que la possibilité d'exercer un contrôle sur l'input sonore améliore en règle générale la performance en compréhension. Cette performance dépend elle-même de la stratégie d'écoute utilisée et du niveau initial des auditeurs.Several experiments have been carried out in which L2 learners (L1: French listened to a MP3-track in German on a computer while a video of the screen recorded "on-line" the movements of the mouse and its time-course. Such a new method enabled accurate analysis of the subjects' self-controlled cognitive strategies in information input/intake. Data were then analysed, from both a linguistic and psycholinguistic point of view, yielding a typology of learning strategies: we recognize four listening types. More skilled learners deal with the listening task globally; less skilled learners do indeed stop more often and have difficulties in grasping the meaning of the message. On the whole, our study nevertheless shows that self-control over information input/intake does improve the learners

  11. Selection of Digital Subscriber Lines Ready for Next Generation Access

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Jares

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, in the EU a lot of project concerning broadband access to the Internet for end users is being developed. The aim of those projects is to support the creation of access communication networks that can meet defined performance criteria for providing the broadband services. Such networks are in general called Next Generation Access. One of the first tasks is to identify appropriate transmission technologies that could meet the required performance criteria. For each transmission technology, it is necessary to carry out a detailed performance analysis of the transmission depending on certain transmission conditions. To perform a detailed analysis means to carry out modelling of transmission’s specific conditions for each technology. This article, specifically, discusses hybrid optical networks, which in conjunction with digital subscriber lines are one of the possible solutions for Next Generation Access. In the access network topology that combines copper and optical cables, it is necessary to optimize the mutual ratio of both infrastructure’s length. Therefore, the article also describes this issue that refers to a certain technology for the Next Generation Access. Specific performance criteria of transmission for access network in the Czech Republic are considered and the optimized location of the external node digital line access multiplexer is discussed.

  12. EPA Regional KML Download

    Science.gov (United States)

    The EPA collects information about facilities or sites subject to environmental regulation. The EPA Geospatial Data Access Project provides downloadable files of these facilities or sites in KML format.

  13. Merganser Download Package

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data download package contains an Esri 10.0 MXD, file geodatabase and copy of this FGDC metadata record. The data in this package are used in support of the...

  14. National Downloadable File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Physician Compare downloadable file is organized at the individual provider level; each line is unique at the provider/enrollment/organization/address level....

  15. Analisis Jarak Terhadap Redaman SNR (Signal To Noise Ratio, Dan Kecepatan Download Pada Jaringan ADSL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anggun Fitrian Isnawati

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available ADSL (Asymetric Digital Subscriber Line adalah teknologi yang paling banyak digunakan untuk memberikan layanan broadband , lebih dari 60% pasar broadband di dunia menggunakan teknologi ini. ADSL merupakan sebuah teknologi yang tangguh, mempunyai kemampuan untuk mendukung aplikasi-aplikasi multimedia seperti voice, video, dan juga data. Konfigurasi ADSL juga sangat sederhana, cukup menggunakan infrastruktur jaringan lokal kabel tembaga yang sudah ada. Namun ADSL juga masih memiliki kekurangan, diantaranya jarak jangkauan untuk ADSL hanya berkisar ± 5 km. Selain itu, jarak pelanggan yang jauh dari sentral sangat  mempengaruhi untuk nilai kecepatan download. Hal ini, dikarenakan semakin jauh jarak yang berarti media penghantar maka akan semakin banyak redaman yang terjadi pada media tersebut yang menyebabkan turunnya Signal to Noise Ratio dimana dalam hal ini dapat diartikan kekuatan sinyal. Sehingga dari hal-hal tersebut akan mempengaruhi kualitas kecepatan download. Dari sinilah yang kemudian akan dibandingkan bagaimana pengaruh jarak terhadap redaman, Signal to Noise Ratio, dan juga kecepatan download.

  16. Comparación entre compresión de audio en diferentes formatos de imágenes equivalentes y el formato de compresión mp3

    OpenAIRE

    Barzola, Daniel; Cabrera, Roberto; Chávez, Patricia; Avilés, Juan Carlos

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this work is to teach the technique to convert audio files to equivalent images compressed which is relatively new and little investigated and then to compared it with the format of compression MP3. This new technique is based on obtaining equivalent images of a file of audio in format WAV by means of the digital processing of the same one. The images can be compressed in different formats of image (JPG, TIFF, PNG) then it obtains a significant reduction of the...

  17. Download da Revista

    OpenAIRE

    Revista EDUCAÇÃO: Teoria e Prática

    2014-01-01

    Aqui você pode fazer o download da Revista EDUCAÇÃO: Teoria e Prática, edição 47, volume 24. Disponibilizamos quatro formatos: XML, PDF, EPUB e MOBI. Agora você pode ler nossa revista diretamente do seu dispositivo móvel!

  18. An active 3-dimensional localization scheme for femtocell subscribers using E-UTRAN

    KAUST Repository

    Mohammed, Aquil Mirza

    2012-05-01

    Femtocells provide an efficient solution to overcome the indoor coverage problems and also to deal with the traffic within Macro cells. The possibility of localizing femtocell subscriber stations based on the timing ranging advance parameter (TRAP), obtained from E-UTRAN (Evolved UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network), within the network signal internals is challenging and is studied throughout in this paper. The principle approach to localization based on Euclidean distances from multiple base stations is outlined.We investigate the specifications of the timing parameters or TRAP used for air interface of 4G network as they relate to calculating the subscriber distances. Computer simulation is used to demonstrate the localization accuracy using multiple base station networks when estimating likely locations of femtocell subscribers stations on a twodimensional coordinate mapping system. However, we further extend our simulations to demonstrate expected location accuracy of subscriber stations, for multiple base station networks, on a three dimensional coordinate mapping scheme. The possibility of of error-fixes shows eight times greater accuracy than in previous results is expected to achieve by applying timing advance techniques to Global System for Mobile communications networks, by using a two-dimensional coordinate mapping scheme. We later compare our study with the effect of global positioning system (GPS) by using a three-dimensional coordinate mapping scheme, which is predicted to give an 72.4 cms accuracy of subscriber station location. © 2012 IEEE.

  19. Authenticated Location-Aware Publish/Subscribe Services in Untrusted Outsourced Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Yan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Location-aware publish/subscribe is an important location-based service based on server-initiated model. Often times, the owner of massive spatio-textual messages and subscriptions outsources its location-aware publish/subscribe services to a third-party service provider, for example, cloud service provider, who is responsible for delivering messages to their relevant subscribers. The issue arising here is that the messages delivered by the service provider might be tailored for profit purposes, intentionally or not. Therefore, it is essential to develop mechanisms which allow subscribers to verify the correctness of the messages delivered by the service provider. In this paper, we study the problem of authenticating messages in outsourced location-aware publish/subscribe services. We propose an authenticated framework which not only can deliver the messages efficiently but also can make the subscribers’ authentication available with low cost. Extensive experiments on a real-world dataset demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of our proposed authenticated framework.

  20. Sinkronisasi Content E-learning Terdistribusi Berbasis Model Komunikasi Indirect Menggunakan Sistem Publish-Subscribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sufrendo Saputra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Sinkronisasi content antar e-learning memungkinkan beberapa e-learning memiliki content yang sama secara konsisten. Perubahan content pada salah satu e-learning akan membuat sistem memastikan e-learning lain mengetahui perubahan tersebut. Model komunikasi yang memungkinkan adanya sinkronisasi ini merupakan komunikasi indirect berbasis publish-subscribe. Setiap e-learning memiliki content-nya masing-masing yang secara otomatis akan di-publish oleh sistem. E-learning lain yang tergabung dalam sistem sinkronisasi kemudian dapat memilih content mana yang ingin di-subscribe. Jika terdapat perubahan pada sebuah content, dan content tersebut memiliki subscriber, maka sistem akan memberitahu subscriber bahwa telah terjadi perubahan pada content. Teknologi utama yang digunakan dalam sistem ini adalah Moodle, PHP, dan Java. Moodle sebagai modul yang digunakan untuk mensimulasikan e-learning. PHP dan Java sebagai framework dari sistem sinkronisasi. Model komunikasi yang digunakan merupakan komunikasi indirect berbasis publish-subscribe. Model komunikasi ini menempatkan sebuah perantara bagi komunikasi antar e-learning.

  1. An Index for SSRN Downloads

    OpenAIRE

    Kakushadze, Zura

    2015-01-01

    We propose a new index to quantify SSRN downloads. Unlike the SSRN downloads rank, which is based on the total number of an author's SSRN downloads, our index also reflects the author's productivity by taking into account the download numbers for the papers. Our index is inspired by - but is not the same as - Hirsch's h-index for citations, which cannot be directly applied to SSRN downloads. We analyze data for about 30,000 authors and 367,000 papers. We find a simple empirical formula for th...

  2. List of subscribers as the source of data on book history and the history of reading: case study of book subscribers' lists printed in Dalmatia in the early 19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Lakuš

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Customer networks or lists of subscribers as a new publishing phenomenon first occurred in Dalmatia in the early 19th century. It was a model of collective funding of book, magazine and newspaper publishing, which gradually replaced the earlier system of individual patronage. It resulted in the publication of lists of subscribers that contained the names of all those who financially supported the printing of a book. The data on names of subscribers, their occupation, place of residence and number of copies ordered, which was the usual content of subscribers, lists, make them very valuable sources for research on the history of books and reading. This paper tries to show the research potential of such lists by presenting a case-study of five preserved and available subscribers' lists found in publications printed between 1835 and 1848 in the Zadar print shop of Battara brothers. The paper analyses the quantitative data on subscribers, their geographical distribution, professional profile and gender, which does not exhaust their research potential in full. The analysis has shown that despite the austere educational opportunities, high incidence of unemployment, and many other limitations, there were people who treasured the written word. The subscribers mostly came from coastal cities like Zadar, Split and Dubrovnik, which were the most important publishing and cultural centres. Even though the subscribers came from Austria, Military Border, Italy, Croatia proper and Slavonia, as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina, which was then part of the Ottoman Empire, they make up only one eight of the total number of subscribers in the corpus. The subscribers are both Roman-Catholic and Orthodox, who mostly subscribed to books printed in the Cyrillic script. The subscribers come from a wide range of professions, mostly from the church circles in Dalmatia, and the fewest of them were professors and teachers, members of the army and the police. As expected

  3. A Uniform Publish-Subscribe Infrastructure for Communication in Wireless Mobile Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brønsted, Jeppe; Hansen, Klaus Marius; Thorup, Rolf

    2006-01-01

    provides a good communication abstraction for wireless networks of mobile nodes. In this paper we present PSI, a uniform publish-subscribe based infrastructure, for communication in wireless mobile environments. In PSI the application is divided into software components that each handles a well defined...... systems and therefore it is important to have communication middleware that hides the complexity of low level network programming and presents a clean and understandable abstraction over communication to the application programmer. It has previously been shown that the publish-subscribe messaging paradigm...

  4. Distributing Knight. Using Type-Based Publish/Subscribe for Building Distributed Collaboration Tools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damm, Christian Heide; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    2002-01-01

    more important. We present Distributed Knight, an extension to the Knight tool, for distributed, collaborative, and gesture-based object-oriented modelling. Distributed Knight was built using the type-based publish/subscribe paradigm. Based on this case, we argue that type-based publish...

  5. Crisis states of Helpline subscribers: issues of diagnosis and psychological care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.S. Bannikov

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the number of calls to the Helpline from people who are in crisis state, often with suicidal tendencies, has increased significantly. It is therefore particularly important that a helpline counselor had instant recognition skills of crisis state and the ability to quickly build a strategy for crisis counseling. The study described in the article was focused on crisis state structure of helpline subscribers using developed “Crisis state maps”. The subject of the study was the critical state of the individual subscribers seeking psychological help. We tested the assumption that the strategies and methods of psychological assistance are directly related to the features of crisis. We studied crisis state in 70 subscribers. Of these, 59 were females (12 to 66 years old and 11 males (11 to 40 years old. The average age of women was 34,5 years, of men – 23,4 years. The overall average age was 28,65 years. The study result was the portrait of typical helpline subscriber personality. We show the possible strategies of counseling

  6. Quantitative Analysis of Commercial Online Resources Subscribed to by Twenty-Three Academic Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orr, Sandy; Head, Jennifer; Nance, Jim

    2010-01-01

    Collection development for commercial online resources can be difficult without established standards, such as those librarians have for books. Using the Carnegie Classification System can be a good tool for generating a list of comparable universities to discover what they subscribe to. Librarians at the Paul Meek Library at the University of…

  7. 7 CFR 1735.13 - Location of facilities and service for nonrural subscribers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Location of facilities and service for nonrural subscribers. 1735.13 Section 1735.13 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL POLICIES, TYPES OF LOANS, LOAN REQUIREMENTS-TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROGRAM Loan Purposes and...

  8. Geolocation of WiMAX Subscriber Stations Based on the Timing Adjust Ranging Parameter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    actual location. Such a GUI was developed in HTML with JavaScript, utilizing the Google Maps API to provide access to global satellite and terrain maps...idealized honeycomb cell layout, they are generally spaced to provide maximum coverage with the least number of towers dependent on subscriber

  9. Improving Packet Delivery Performance of Publish/Subscribe Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto García Davis

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available MQTT-S and CoAP are two protocols able to use the publish/subscribe model in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs. The high scalability provided by the publish/subscribe model may incur a high packet loss and therefore requires an efficient reliability mechanism to cope with this situation. The reliability mechanism of MQTT-S and CoAP employs a method which defines a fixed value for the retransmission timeout (RTO. This article argues that this method is not efficient for deploying publish/subscribe in WSN, because it may be unable to recover a packet, therefore resulting in a lower packet delivery ratio (PDR at the subscriber nodes. This article proposes and evaluates an adaptive RTO method, which consists in using a Smooth Round-trip Time and multiplying it by a constant parameter (K. Thanks to this method, the reliability mechanism of MQTT-S and CoAP would be able to react properly to packet loss and would also be lightweight in terms of energy, memory and computing for sensor nodes where these resources are critical. We present a detailed evaluation of the effects of the K value on the calculation of the adaptive RTO method. We also establish the setting for obtaining the highest PDR on the subscriber nodes for single-hop and multi-hop scenarios. The results for single-hop scenario show that use of the appropriate K value for the adaptive RTO method increases the PDR up to 76% for MQTT-S and up to 38% for CoAP when compared with the use of fixed RTO method for both protocols, respectively. Meanwhile the same comparison for multi-hop scenario, the adaptive RTO method increases the PDR up to 36% for MQTT-S and up to 14% for CoAP.

  10. Improving packet delivery performance of publish/subscribe protocols in wireless sensor networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Ernesto García; Calveras, Anna; Demirkol, Ilker

    2013-01-04

    MQTT-S and CoAP are two protocols able to use the publish/subscribe model in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). The high scalability provided by the publish/subscribe model may incur a high packet loss and therefore requires an efficient reliability mechanism to cope with this situation. The reliability mechanism of MQTT-S and CoAP employs a method which defines a fixed value for the retransmission timeout (RTO). This article argues that this method is not efficient for deploying publish/subscribe in WSN, because it may be unable to recover a packet, therefore resulting in a lower packet delivery ratio (PDR) at the subscriber nodes. This article proposes and evaluates an adaptive RTO method, which consists in using a Smooth Round-trip Time and multiplying it by a constant parameter (K). Thanks to this method, the reliability mechanism of MQTT-S and CoAP would be able to react properly to packet loss and would also be lightweight in terms of energy, memory and computing for sensor nodes where these resources are critical. We present a detailed evaluation of the effects of the K value on the calculation of the adaptive RTO method. We also establish the setting for obtaining the highest PDR on the subscriber nodes for single-hop and multi-hop scenarios. The results for single-hop scenario show that use of the appropriate K value for the adaptive RTO method increases the PDR up to 76% for MQTT-S and up to 38% for CoAP when compared with the use of fixed RTO method for both protocols, respectively. Meanwhile the same comparison for multi-hop scenario, the adaptive RTO method increases the PDR up to 36% for MQTT-S and up to 14% for CoAP.

  11. Realizing IoT service's policy privacy over publish/subscribe-based middleware.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Li; Zhang, Yang; Chen, Shiping; Wang, Shiyao; Cheng, Bo; Chen, Junliang

    2016-01-01

    The publish/subscribe paradigm makes IoT service collaborations more scalable and flexible, due to the space, time and control decoupling of event producers and consumers. Thus, the paradigm can be used to establish large-scale IoT service communication infrastructures such as Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition systems. However, preserving IoT service's policy privacy is difficult in this paradigm, because a classical publisher has little control of its own event after being published; and a subscriber has to accept all the events from the subscribed event type with no choice. Few existing publish/subscribe middleware have built-in mechanisms to address the above issues. In this paper, we present a novel access control framework, which is capable of preserving IoT service's policy privacy. In particular, we adopt the publish/subscribe paradigm as the IoT service communication infrastructure to facilitate the protection of IoT services policy privacy. The key idea in our policy-privacy solution is using a two-layer cooperating method to match bi-directional privacy control requirements: (a) data layer for protecting IoT events; and (b) application layer for preserving the privacy of service policy. Furthermore, the anonymous-set-based principle is adopted to realize the functionalities of the framework, including policy embedding and policy encoding as well as policy matching. Our security analysis shows that the policy privacy framework is Chosen-Plaintext Attack secure. We extend the open source Apache ActiveMQ broker by building into a policy-based authorization mechanism to enforce the privacy policy. The performance evaluation results indicate that our approach is scalable with reasonable overheads.

  12. Understanding Medical Words Tutorial: Download Instructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/medwords/medicalwordsdownload.html Understanding Medical Words Tutorial: Download Instructions To use the sharing features ... no Internet connection is available. Download: Understanding Medical Words [16MB zip file] Download instructions : Click on the ...

  13. Drive-by-Downloads

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Narvaez, Julia; Endicott-Popovsky, Barbara E.; Seifert, Christian; Aval, Chiraag U.; Frincke, Deborah A.

    2010-02-01

    Abstract: Drive-by-downloads are malware that push, and then execute, malicious code on a client system without the user's consent. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a discussion of the usefulness of antivirus software for detecting the installation of such malware, providing groundwork for future studies. Client honeypots collected drive-by malware which was then evaluated using common antivirus products. Initial analysis showed that most of such antivirus products identified less than 70% of these highly polymorphic malware programs. Also, it was observed that the antivirus products tested, even when successfully detecting this malware, often failed to classify it, leading to the conclusion that further work could involve not only developing new behavioral detection technologies, but also empirical studies that improve general understanding of these threats. Toward that end, one example of malicious code was analyzed behaviorally to provide insight into next steps for the future direction of this research.

  14. Einsatz einer Echtzeit-Publish/Subscribe-Kommunikation für die Teleoperation mobiler Roboter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindhorst, Timo; Herms, André; Schulze, Michael

    In der Telerobotik werden mobile Roboter über ein Kommunikationsnetz durch einen Operator ferngesteuert. Um interaktiv zu operieren, mussen Daten in beide Richtungen in Echtzeit kommuniziert werden. Zusätzlich ist eine hohe Ausfallsicherheit des Systems zu gewährleisten. Diese Arbeit beschreibt die Umsetzung ernes solchen Szenarios unter Verwendung einer Echtzeit-Publish/Subscribe-Kommunikation. Ein drahtloses Mesh-Netzwerk erfüllt durch redundante Verbindungen die Anforderungen an die Kommunikation. Eine Publish/Subscribe-Middleware ermöglicht eine inhaltsbasierte Kommunikation und erlaubt dadurch eine hohe Flexibilität der Teilnehmer. Durch die modulare Software-Architektur der Applikationen entsteht ein verteiltes System, in dem mobile Roboter durch netzwerktransparente Kommunikation gesteuert werden.

  15. Building flexible, distributed collaboration tools using type-based publish/subscribe - The Distributed Knight case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Klaus Marius; Damm, Christian Heide

    2004-01-01

    Distributed collaboration is becoming increasingly impor tant also in software development. Combined with an in creasing interest in experimental and agile approaches to software development, this poses challenges to tool sup port for software development. Specifically, tool support is needed...... for flexible, distributed collaboration. We intro duce the Distributed Knight tool that provides flexible and lightweight support for distributed collaboration in object oriented modelling. The Distributed Knight implementa tion builds crucially on the type-based publish/subscribe distributed communication...

  16. Structured P2P Overlay of Mobile Brokers for Realizing Publish/Subscribe Communication in VANET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tulika Pandey

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Publish/subscribe communication paradigm provides asynchrony and decoupling, making it an elegant alternative for designing applications in distributed and dynamic environment such as vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs. In this paradigm, the broker is the most important component that decouples other two components, namely, publisher and subscriber. Previous research efforts have either utilized the deployment of distributed brokers on stationary road side info-stations or have assigned the role of broker to any moving vehicle on ad hoc basis. In one approach, lots of preinstalled infrastructures are needed whereas, in another, the quality of service is not guaranteed due to unpredictable moving and stopping patterns of vehicles. In this paper, we present the architecture of distributed mobile brokers which are dynamically reconfigurable in the form of structured P2P overlay and act as rendezvous points for matching publications and subscriptions. We have taken city buses in urban settings to act as mobile brokers whereas other vehicles are considered to be in role of publishers and subscribers. These mobile brokers also assist in locating a vehicle for successful and timely transfer of notifications. We have performed an extensive simulation study to compare our approach with previously proposed approaches. Simulation results establish the applicability of our approach.

  17. Structured P2P Overlay of Mobile Brokers for Realizing Publish/Subscribe Communication in VANET

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Tulika; Garg, Deepak; Gore, Manoj Madhava

    2014-01-01

    Publish/subscribe communication paradigm provides asynchrony and decoupling, making it an elegant alternative for designing applications in distributed and dynamic environment such as vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). In this paradigm, the broker is the most important component that decouples other two components, namely, publisher and subscriber. Previous research efforts have either utilized the deployment of distributed brokers on stationary road side info-stations or have assigned the role of broker to any moving vehicle on ad hoc basis. In one approach, lots of preinstalled infrastructures are needed whereas, in another, the quality of service is not guaranteed due to unpredictable moving and stopping patterns of vehicles. In this paper, we present the architecture of distributed mobile brokers which are dynamically reconfigurable in the form of structured P2P overlay and act as rendezvous points for matching publications and subscriptions. We have taken city buses in urban settings to act as mobile brokers whereas other vehicles are considered to be in role of publishers and subscribers. These mobile brokers also assist in locating a vehicle for successful and timely transfer of notifications. We have performed an extensive simulation study to compare our approach with previously proposed approaches. Simulation results establish the applicability of our approach. PMID:24523629

  18. Understanding the Self-Directed Online Learning Preferences, Goals, Achievements, and Challenges of MIT OpenCourseWare Subscribers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Curtis J Bonk; Mimi Miyoung Lee; Xiaojing Kou; Shuya Xu; Feng-Ru Sheu

    2015-01-01

      This research targeted the learning preferences, goals and motivations, achievements, challenges, and possibilities for life change of self-directed online learners who subscribed to the monthly OpenCourseWare (OCW...

  19. OPTIMASI PUBLISH-SUBSCRIBE ADAPTIF UNTUK MONITORING KEAMANAN SELASAR GEDUNG G4 TEKNIK ELEKTRO UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Wirawan

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Security and comfort become very important for every educational institution, especially college. Security and comfort should be properly integrated to create an ideal academic atmosphere. This research designs online security monitoring system of G4 TEUM's hallway area by utilizing social media using adaptive Publish Subscribe system. Publisher i.e. students upload the current condition of the G4 TEUM's hallway by utilizing social media: twitter, facebook or instagram, then brokers choose the uploaded data corresponding to G4 content to be sent in the form of notification to subscriber, which is TEUM security in the form of dynamic web application. The experimental results show that by using adaptive Publish-Subscribe method, the cpu usage is reduced by 31,76% and bandwith usage by 39,4%, compared with non-adaptive method, on data event obtained by both publisher and subscribe. Rasa aman dan nyaman merupakan salah satu hal  yang sangat berpengaruh pada dunia pendidikan dalam pembelajaran, khususnya di perguruan tinggi. Keamanan dan kenyamanan harus diintegrasikan dengan baik untuk menciptakan atmosfer akademik yang ideal. Penelitian ini merancang sistem pemantauan keamanan online di area selasar G4 TEUM dengan memanfaatkan media sosial yang menggunakan sistem Publish-Subscribe Adaptif. Publisher yaitu mahasiswa mengunggah kondisi terkini dari selasar G4 TEUM dengan memanfaatkan media sosial, seperti twitter, facebook, dan instagram, kemudian broker memilih data upload sesuai dengan konten G4 yang akan dikirimkan berupa notifikasi ke Subscriber, yaitu pihak keamanan TEUM dalam bentuk aplikasi web dinamis. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa dengan menggunakan metode Publish-Subscribe adaptif, penggunaan CPU berkurang sebesar 31,76% dan penggunaan bandwidth sebesar 39,4%, dibandingkan dengan metode non adaptif, pada data event yang diperoleh baik pada Publisher maupun Subscriber.

  20. Physician Compare National Downloadable File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Physician Compare National Downloadable File is organized at the individual eligible professional level; each line is unique at the professional/enrollment...

  1. Lakes Ecosystem Services Download Package

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data download package contains Esri 10.0 MXDs, file geodatabases and copy of this FGDC metadata record. The data in this package are used in support of the Lake...

  2. A Traffic Prediction Model for Self-Adapting Routing Overlay Network in Publish/Subscribe System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng Chi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In large-scale location-based service, an ideal situation is that self-adapting routing strategies use future traffic data as input to generate a topology which could adapt to the changing traffic well. In the paper, we propose a traffic prediction model for the broker in publish/subscribe system, which can predict the traffic of the link in future by neural network. We first introduced our traffic prediction model and then described the model integration. Finally, the experimental results show that our traffic prediction model could predict the traffic of link well.

  3. Solidarity or financial sustainability: an analysis of the values of community-based health insurance subscribers and promoters in Senegal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouimet, Marie-Jo; Fournier, Pierre; Diop, Idrissa; Haddad, Slim

    2007-01-01

    Although community-based health insurance (CBHI) seemed promising to improve access to health care, its implementation has been slow and laborious. We hypothesize that the existing tension between the competing objectives of solidarity and financial sustainability that are pursued by CBHI may partly account for this. This paper aims to evaluate if there is a gap between CBHI subscribers' values and their promoters', and to determine which characteristics of subscribers and CBHIs are associated with their values. A study of all Senegal CBHI organizations was undertaken in 2002. The analysis includes: 1) content of interviews with subscribers and promoters; and 2) multilevel logistical analysis of the links between characteristics of subscribers (n = 394) and organizations (n = 46) and composite indicators representing values (redistribution, solidarity when difficulties, solidarity between healthy and unhealthy). Promoters emphasize financial sustainability; subscribers are split between financial sustainability and solidarity. Men, polygamous families and individuals with a lower socio-professional status are twice as likely to be in favour of redistribution; subscribers who participate in decision-making and those who think their CBHI is facing difficulties are less in favour of solidarity. At CBHI level, although the variance was significant, none of the variables were retained. More attention should be given to reducing the gap between promoters' and subscribers' values, and to increasing member participation in the processes involved in implementing CBHI. This could help all actors involved to understand and improve determinants of enrolment in, and performance of CBHI, thus increasing access to health care for vulnerable populations in developing countries.

  4. An Analytic Hierarchy Process Analysis: Application to Subscriber Retention Decisions in the Nigerian Mobile Telecommunications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adebiyi Sulaimon Olanrewaju

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The introduction of mobile number portability (MNP in the Nigerian telecommunications industry has brought a new challenge for mobile operators. This study investigates the use of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP in customer retention decisions in the Nigerian telecommunication industry using a cross-sectional survey design. Primary data were obtained through questionnaires administered to 480 mobile telecommunications subscribers in six tertiary institutions located in Lagos State, Nigeria. These educational institutions were chosen using a multistage sampling technique. Of 438 questionnaires received from subscribers, 408 were valid. Based on this sample data an AHP model was built to assess the determinants of customer retention decisions. Next, eigen values, an eigen vector and maximum lambda (λMax were obtained using the AHP analysis for the matrices. This analysis shows that customers considered call quality as the important in the retention decision. We conclude that AHP is a meaningful tool for determining what motivates retention decisions, that can help network operators formulate effective customer retention strategies.

  5. Appropriate Roles for the Subscriber, Publisher, Editor, Author, and Reviewer in the Archives of Plastic Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kun Hwang

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Authors, editors and reviewers, publishers, and subscribers all play their role in scientific journals. These 5 stakeholders are essential to journals. In this paper, firstly, I briefly summarize the role of each journal stakeholder and their respective goals. Secondly, the status of each participant in the Archives of Plastic Surgery is described. Finally, I propose an appropriate role and plan for each of them. Specific roles and responsibilities include the following: subscribers should welcome and submit the critiques of published papers in letters to the editor. Publishers should trust editors and provide them with adequate financial support for ongoing quality improvement of the journal. The editor-in-chief should be given a sufficient period of time-several years-to build up journal quality and train the incoming editor. The editors, including section editors, are also responsible for increasing the author pool. One editor might be designated a 'devil's referee', that is, a kind of devil's advocate with the responsibility of examining the originality of the manuscript, taking a skeptical view of the manuscript, and looking for holes in the methods and results of reported experiments. Authors' responsibilities include submitting manuscripts with scientific integrity and being ready to take responsibility for their articles even long after publication. Finally, reviewers' responsibilities include identifying similar articles not cited. Reviewers are also welcome to write a discussion on the article they review.

  6. Determinants of Customer Loyalty among Mobile Telecom Subscribers in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwabena Adjei

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the determinants of brand equity among mobile telecom users in Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. Mobile telecommunication providers have a great role in strengthening the economy and encouraging the efficiency among a large number of subscribers across the country. The success of any business depends on the strength of their brands, which attracts new and existing customers for continuous growth.  In Ghana, there are six mobile telecom providers operating in the market (Vodafone, Airtel, MTN, Tigo, Glo, & Expresso. Primary data was obtained through a questionnaire and residents of Sunyani Municipality were targeted for the study. 200 questionnaires were self-administered by the researchers to the subscribers of all the mobile telecom providers and 194 questionnaires were returned. The questionnaires were analysed using SPSS 16 and pearson correlation was used to establish the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. The results identified call rate/quality, network coverage and sales promotion as having significant positive relationship to customer loyalty. In addition, brand image and prompt customer service were seen to have a less effect on customer loyalty.

  7. Appropriate roles for the subscriber, publisher, editor, author, and reviewer in the archives of plastic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Kun

    2013-11-01

    Authors, editors and reviewers, publishers, and subscribers all play their role in scientific journals. These 5 stakeholders are essential to journals. In this paper, firstly, I briefly summarize the role of each journal stakeholder and their respective goals. Secondly, the status of each participant in the Archives of Plastic Surgery is described. Finally, I propose an appropriate role and plan for each of them. Specific roles and responsibilities include the following: subscribers should welcome and submit the critiques of published papers in letters to the editor. Publishers should trust editors and provide them with adequate financial support for ongoing quality improvement of the journal. The editor-in-chief should be given a sufficient period of time-several years-to build up journal quality and train the incoming editor. The editors, including section editors, are also responsible for increasing the author pool. One editor might be designated a 'devil's referee', that is, a kind of devil's advocate with the responsibility of examining the originality of the manuscript, taking a skeptical view of the manuscript, and looking for holes in the methods and results of reported experiments. Authors' responsibilities include submitting manuscripts with scientific integrity and being ready to take responsibility for their articles even long after publication. Finally, reviewers' responsibilities include identifying similar articles not cited. Reviewers are also welcome to write a discussion on the article they review.

  8. Enabling Large-Scale IoT-Based Services through Elastic Publish/Subscribe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vavassori, Sergio; Soriano, Javier; Fernández, Rafael

    2017-09-19

    In this paper, we report an algorithm that is designed to leverage the cloud as infrastructure to support Internet of Things (IoT) by elastically scaling in/out so that IoT-based service users never stop receiving sensors' data. This algorithm is able to provide an uninterrupted service to end users even during the scaling operation since its internal state repartitioning is transparent for publishers or subscribers; its scaling operation is time-bounded and depends only on the dimension of the state partitions to be transmitted to the different nodes. We describe its implementation in E-SilboPS, an elastic content-based publish/subscribe (CBPS) system specifically designed to support context-aware sensing and communication in IoT-based services. E-SilboPS is a key internal asset of the FIWARE IoT services enablement platform, which offers an architecture of components specifically designed to capture data from, or act upon, IoT devices as easily as reading/changing the value of attributes linked to context entities. In addition, we discuss the quantitative measurements used to evaluate the scale-out process, as well as the results of this evaluation. This new feature rounds out the context-aware content-based features of E-SilboPS by providing, for example, the necessary middleware for constructing dashboards and monitoring panels that are capable of dynamically changing queries and continuously handling data in IoT-based services.

  9. Roles of publishers, subscription agents, and institutional subscribers in the academic journal business : Opinions after reading the “Series: Perspectives on serials crisis and scholarly communication practice”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taguchi, Nobuyuki

    Roles of publishers, subscription agents, and institutional subscribers in the academic journal business : Opinions after reading the “Series: Perspectives on serials crisis and scholarly communication practice”

  10. CADDIS Volume 4. Data Analysis: Download Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overview of the data analysis tools available for download on CADDIS. Provides instructions for downloading and installing CADStat, access to Microsoft Excel macro for computing SSDs, a brief overview of command line use of R, a statistical software.

  11. Secure publish-subscribe protocols for heterogeneous medical wireless body area networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picazo-Sanchez, Pablo; Tapiador, Juan E; Peris-Lopez, Pedro; Suarez-Tangil, Guillermo

    2014-11-28

    Security and privacy issues in medical wireless body area networks (WBANs) constitute a major unsolved concern because of the challenges posed by the scarcity of resources in WBAN devices and the usability restrictions imposed by the healthcare domain. In this paper, we describe a WBAN architecture based on the well-known publish-subscribe paradigm. We present two protocols for publishing data and sending commands to a sensor that guarantee confidentiality and fine-grained access control. Both protocols are based on a recently proposed ciphertext policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) scheme that is lightweight enough to be embedded into wearable sensors. We show how sensors can implement lattice-based access control (LBAC) policies using this scheme, which are highly appropriate for the eHealth domain. We report experimental results with a prototype implementation demonstrating the suitability of our proposed solution.

  12. Implications of New Technological Adaptions on Switching Barriers: An Empirical Study of Mobile Telecommunication Subscribers in Sri Lanka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EACP Karunarathne

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available With the technological advancements in the past few years in the mobile telecommunication industry, customer requirements and their behavioral patterns changed a lot. Implications of two of most popular such technological approaches which are independent from the service provider were discussed in this paper. Usually, firms have identified the value of maintaining a higher level of switching barriers since it is one kind of successful strategic aspects in mobile telecommunication. But, the importance of these strategies was challenged with the adoptions of new technologies. Therefore, to study its’ implication, data set was obtained by conducting a survey from randomly select mobile subscribers in Sri Lanka. Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, t-test and factorial ANOVA test were used for the data analysis purpose. According to the analysis, it is revealed that these two technological advancements are weakened the level of switching barriers significantly. It may allow subscribers to switch service providers easily. On the other hand, subscribers with higher relationship age are having the highest switching barrier level even though they are users of those new technologies. But a significant difference among users and non-users has been identified through the study. Thus, policy makers are required to come up with new strategies to retain those subscribers within the network.

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    Stigma is increasingly regarded as a key driver of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Stigma is increasingly recognized to have a major impact on public health interventions. Stigma often leads to delay in presentation to the health services, prolonged risk of transmission, poor treatment adherence, and increased risk of disability and ...

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    Damary

    2006-10-01

    Oct 1, 2006 ... Extremity Severity Score (MESS) system is the most thoroughly validated of the various classification systems, but at present there is no predictive scale that can be used with confidence to determine whether to amputate or attempt to salvage a mangled lower extremity (5). Limb salvage decision-.

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    Dr. Annku

    2009-10-02

    Oct 2, 2009 ... Studies of the geochemistry of clastic sedimentary rocks have revealed that their chemical composi- tions are .... Shows a Large Isolated Granitoid Clast (ca. 1 m across) in Finely Bedded Shale. Fig. 3 (b) Photograph of ..... shape (Asiedu et al., 2000). Another test of the maturity of the analyzed samples is the ...

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    FIRST USER

    Functional diversity of nematodes. Appl.Soil Ecol. 10: 239–251. Bridge J. and Gowen S. R. (1993). Visual assessment of plant parasitic nematode and weevil damage on bananas and plantain. In Biological and Integrated Control of Highland Banana and Plantain Pests and Diseases. (C. C. Gold and. B. Gemmill, ed.), pp.

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    2003-06-14

    Jun 14, 2003 ... include seed rots and seedling blights, root and stalk rots, foliar diseases and ear rots (Paliwal,. 2000). Simmonds and Smartt(l999), commenting on the overall severity of attack and economic loss to pathogens, suggested diseases incited by air-borne fungi probably account for the greatest crop losses.

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    DR.DANIEL

    Leadership, ethical practice and development: a theoretical perspective. Various ... reason for this may not be unconnected with the fact that different people see leadership from different perspectives. .... banks were established, but could not survive due to management inexperience and numerous internal control problems.

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    Ornamentais

    2012-09-18

    Sep 18, 2012 ... formation, like auxins and gibberellins. The second includes Spd and Spm, which similar to cytokinins, control cell division, organogenesis and plant sene- scence. In addition, PAs are also closely related with the growth and differentiation of plant cells. However, in the morphogenesis of different species or ...

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    En-Joy

    Bovine Spongio-encephalitis (BSE) or. Mad Cow Disease and Avian Influenza or. Bird Flu, were added into list A. The occurrence of these diseases in list A is expected to be reported immediately to the higher authorities as soon as possible in order to curb the spread of the diseases. (Abdulkadir, 1989). In a similar way,.

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    En-Joy

    the distal intestinal caecum. The histology suggests an organ serving as complementary digestive structure to distal intestine in nutrient absorption without increasing the space occupied by the digestive tract. KEYWORDS: DISTAL, INTESTINAL, CAECUM,. FARMED, AFRICAN, CATFISH, CASE REPORT. INTRODUCTION.

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    2013-07-02

    Jul 2, 2013 ... difference even between the vegetarians, the non- vegetarians and different nationalities (32, 37). The correlation between mothers' age or weight and each of Mg, Ca, Fe, Zn and Cu level in milk was determined by Spearman rank correlation and, the findings indicated that mothers' age and weight were ...

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    Damary

    2006-11-01

    Nov 1, 2006 ... Objectives: To measure the horizontal corneal diameters in infants at birth and compare with values reported in other studies. Design: ... Exclusion criteria included neonates born to mother with antenatal problems known to .... from cornea, (c) using slit lamp attachment and (d) photographic measurements.

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    2007-05-01

    May 1, 2007 ... 1% egg albumin was dispensed into each well and the plate incubated for 1 hour at 37°C. The plate was then washed thrice with 200 ul per well of 0.05%. Tween 20 in PBS before 50 al of serum diluted ten times with 1% egg~albumin in PBS was added. The first immunoreaction was allowed for 1 hour at ...

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    sugar, minerals and vitamins (Egglcston et al., 1992). If consumed in ... acetic acid (TCA) and 0.1% ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid ... temperature. The soluble solids were ' determined from the optical density at 420 nm, using a Labomed Spectrophotometer, with corrections made on the standard curve. Trained panellists ...

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    2012-12-29

    Dec 29, 2012 ... being a root crop of high nutrient requirements, which is characteristic for ... of rather high soil nutrient quality, and depends on livestock, which provides ..... grass (Panicum maximum), but also several kinds of legumes and oat ...

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    abp

    2013-03-18

    Mar 18, 2013 ... 30% of the carriers develop chronic liver disease [3]. Risk factors associated with HCV infection include injection drug use, receipt of blood products, long term haemo-dialysis, organ transplantation, receipt of tattoo from unsanitary facilities, vertical transmission during pregnancy and sexual exposure [4].

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    participants (Table 2) revealed that the commonest was sharing of unsterilized sharp instruments for various purposes reported by 141 subjects (70.5 %). The predominant practices involving the use of unsterilized instruments were manicure/pedicure. (29.5 %), barbing/shaving (16.5 %) and scarification/tattooing (15.5%).

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    2017-11-01

    Nov 1, 2017 ... In Iran, a national program for prevention and control of type 2 diabetes was designed in 1996. (8). ... psychological (e.g. anxiety) and neuroglycopenic. (e.g. confusion) states. The index of the time needed ... behavior, and change in diet, medication and blood glucose monitoring. The cases received three.

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    2006-06-01

    Jun 1, 2006 ... I. Epidemiol. 1986;. 123: 174 -184. Rosner B. (Ed.) Fundamentals of Biostatistics. Third. Edition. PWS—Kent Publishing Company, Boston MA. 1995. RothmanK.]. and Greenland 5. Modern Epidemiology. Second Edition. Lippincott'Raven Publishers, 1998. Swets ].A. Measuring the accuracy of diagnostic.

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    port wound infection rate, abdominal discomfort (feeling of retained gas in the abdomen) and shoulder pain with resultant delayed return to normal ... infection and higher residual gas in the peritoneal cavity leading to post operative abdominal .... Conceived the idea of the study, performed the procedure and participated in ...

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    Basic dyes such as Crystal Violet and Brilliant Green are commonly found in analytical laboratories and used as ... metal complex determinations, as well as acid-base indicators [13]. The availability of these .... were calculated from the moles of periodate consumed in the reaction: 1 mol glucose = 5 mol 10., 1 mol mannitol.

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    KEYWORDS: CNCD, Non-communicable, Prevalence, Southwest Ethiopia. INTRODUCTION. Chronic Non-communicable Diseases (CNCDs) are by their nature lifelong or a condition as one of. 3 months' duration or longer (1); most with long term complications resulting in disabilities affecting the quality of life and creating ...

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    admin

    include; limited availability of information such as leaflets, community perceptions and attitudes towards using generic names. Other factors are related to drug profit motives which encourage drug sellers to sell or dispense drugs at higher price by use of brand names [30]. It is quite possible also those generic names are.

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    There were 14 patients with spinal injury accounting for 10.7% of all patients. Of these, 9 (64.3%) were stable injuries while 5 (35.7%) were unstable. Complete cord transection occurred in 5 (35.7%) patients while 9 patients (64.3%) had incomplete spinal injuries. The spinal segment most frequently affected was cervical in ...

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    2017-01-01

    Jan 1, 2017 ... Vaccines Directorate, Ethiopia. 4Department of Pathology, School of. Medicine, College of Health Sciences,. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia ... syphilis, leprosy, ascaris, rabies, heart pain and rheumatic pain (20-22). Moreover, the root powder is pasted with honey and employed as a remedy for breast ...

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    marlines

    1 Institute for Animal Production: Elsenburg, Western Cape Department of Agriculture,. Private Bag X1, Elsenburg 7607, South Africa. 2 Department of Animal Science, University of ..... Buenos Aires, Argentina. pp. 1-23. Davies, H.L. & Southey, I.N., 2001. Effects of grazing management and stocking rate on pasture ...

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    smokers than in non-smokers.25-27 However, several studies reported insignificant results.28,29 Recent studies have shown that TNFá plays an important role in the induction of the cigarette related COPD and in the maintenance of airway inflammation.30,31 Variation in the results may be explained in part by genetic.

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    Immunology department, University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Sciences, Zimbabwe. Abstract. Background: In Africa without antiretroviral treatment more than half of the HIV ... HIV virological testing using Dried Blood Spot has become more accessible in resource limited countries it is not yet widely available5,6.

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    jen

    Crepe Bandage in the Management of Soft Tissue Limb Abscesses. A.A Akinkuolie1, O.A Oladele1, C.A Omotola2, ... in the left upper limb, 23 in the left lower limb and 29 in the right lower limb. The mean duration for the gauze packed ... wide incision along the long axis of the limb and splitting of muscles along the line of.

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    GIS

    be utilized where available to supplement natural pond food. Key words: Tilapia, catfish, feed, .... extracts were analyzed using a sample size of 2 g in a Soxhlet extractor with petroleum ether. (boiling point 40–60 °C). ... Crude fibre was generally higher in feedstuff of plant origin and ranged between 55-. 368g/kg DM while ...

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    2007-05-05

    May 5, 2007 ... Mondor's disease 4 1.24. Ca Breast 4 1.24. Pregnancy—induced mastalgia 3 0.93. Musculoskeletal pain 3 0.93. Duct ectasia 2 0.62. Mastitis 2 0.62. Anxiety disorder 1 0.31. Breast abscess 1 0.31 ... subclinical breast cancers, diagnosed by radiological assessment and confirmed by biopsy, have pain (8).

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    Fig.3. The effect of ADP concentration on the optical flow injection peaks at [a] 225 pM and {b} 300 pM ammonia. Fiow rate variations. The conversion efficiency of an enzyme reactor in FIA depends on the kinetics in the reactor and the flow rate which is inversely related to the residence time [44]. in an amperornetric method, ...

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    Preventive & Social Medicine, University of Port Harcourt, Port. Harcourt, Nigeria. To bring up to ... are blind . Available data published by the World. Health Organization (WHO) estimates that northern. Nigeria has a near three-fold higher prevalence of.

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    numerous virulence factors [1]. It is one of the pathogens most frequently isolated and causes serious, invasive infections including skin and soft tissue infections, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, bacteraemia, septic arthritis and nosocomial pneumonia. [1,2]. Hospitalization resulting from community onset Staph. aureus infections.

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    acer

    A Construção da Medicina Integrativa: um desafio para o campo da saúde. São Paulo: Hucitec, 311. 8. Brasil Ministério da Saúde (2006). Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde. Departamento de Atenção Básica. Política Nacional de. Práticas Integrativas e Complementares no SUS (PNPIC). Brasília. 9. Brasil, Ministério do Meio ...

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    GEOLOGICAL AND STRUCTURAL INFLUENCE ON GROUNDWATER ... for an extended period of time after the rains and this partly recharges aquifers in the area. Basalts ..... management for providing most of the borehole data used.

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    a

    variety of foreign atoms, ions or neutral molecules to form new phases [2, 3]. The 2Hb-polytype ... diffraction (XRD) using a nickel-filtered Cu-Kα radiation (λ = 1.5406 Å) in a Siemens D5000 apparatus ...... Furuseth, S. J. Alloys Comp. 1992, 178 ...

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    (C1P). In this population, testing and sclection l'or horizontal resistance to latc blight, unlike those previously applied to population A clones, werc simplii'ied signit'icantly (P<005) due to the absence oi'known R-genes. This study, conducted in southwestcrn and eastern Uganda, evaluated 20 selected potato genotypes in ...

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    2012-11-03

    Nov 3, 2012 ... using the lottery method. Data collection was done ... Descriptive statistics were used to present frequency distributions. .... All statistical analyze used were two tailed tests with p <0.05. Frequencies and measures of variation were used to describe the study population in relation to socio-demographic and ...

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    Buchi

    ABSTRACT. Background: Cervical cancer is an important women's reproductive health problem, especially in developing countries. Efforts towards its prevention worldwide have focused on screening women at risk of disease using Pap smears and treating pre-cancerous lesions. A good knowledge and understanding of ...

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    Preferred Customer

    2007-11-12

    Nov 12, 2007 ... issues especially on waste management and separation. In places where there are governments' policies, the agencies saddled with the mandate to enforce the policies are either under funded by the governments or are not monitored for efficiency [6, 9]. The adverse effect of toxic heavy metals generated ...

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    Damary

    2006-10-01

    Oct 1, 2006 ... medication for diabetes. Chronic glaucoma was diagnosed in the other eye when there was optic disc cupping greater than 0.5 mmHg, visual field defects with or without intraocular pressure greater than 21 mmHg. Diagnosis of vein occlusions, arterial occlusions were made from fundoscopic features.

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    2010-03-08

    Mar 8, 2010 ... and viruses (coxsackievirus, echovirus, human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type 1, HIV) have been implicated as possible triggers.1,2. Furthermore, in the overlap syndromes, dermatomyositis may rarely be associated with other autoimmune collagen vascular diseases such as scleroderma and SLE.1,2.

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    PEN AR LAN

    genetic correlation between animal effects amounted to 0.48 for BW. ... sire referencing scheme for the Dohne Merino stud industry was introduced in 1992. Initially, genetic. The South African Journal of Animal Science is available ... Association in embarking on an across-flock multiple-trait national genetic evaluation.

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    Femi Olorunniji

    2013-08-31

    Aug 31, 2013 ... Sharpe RM, Donachie K and Cooper I (1988) Re-evaluation of the intratesticular level of testosterone required for quantitative maintenance of spermatogenesis in the rat. Journal of Endocrinology 117:19–26. Sikka SC (2008) Wang R. Endocrine disruptors and estrogenic effects on male reproductive axis.

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    Winnie

    Project Manager at the Clinical Research Centres in South Africa and is involved in a rotavirus vaccine trial. Barbara Friedland is a Program Manager in ..... for protection against HIV. If assigned to the condoms- only arm, 31% of .... hypothetical questioning often do not correlate well with data based on actual experiences ...

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    Objective: To determined the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus in suppurative lesions of the surgical ward and outpatients of Lacor Hospital ... a big risk factors for outbreaks such as food poisoning in communities 6 and MRSA ... S36 classified as Staphylococci. All tube coagulase positive.

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    Schalk Cloete

    Monthly age group means could be described as longitudinal data. On the assumption that a specific trend would be discernable, a smoothing spline was fitted to the data (Verbyla et al., 1999). The spline consisted of three components, namely: a fixed linear component, random deviations from linearity following a smooth ...

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    hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) [1, 2]. Only 20% of ... Differences in chemokine receptor expression between. Th1 and Th2 ..... Patients homozygous for this mutation cannot express. CCR5 on the cell surface, whereas the heterozygous state results in decreased expression of the functional. CCR5 protein [27]. In an Irish ...

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    Administrator

    Background: The hepatitis B virus is a significant pathogen that causes cirrhosis, and hepatocellular cancer as a result of the damage it causes to liver cells. ... lipid and protein oxidation products and decreased antioxidants is associated with ... nm at 25 °C. Paraoxonase activity was expressed as. U/L serum. Arylesterase ...

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    was determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The amount of ... particle diffusion equation and liquid film diffusion model. Although, the ... second order mechanism. .... etal ions escape from the solid phase to the bulk solution.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2001-10-01

    Oct 1, 2001 ... Dozie, BSc, MSc, Senior Lecturer and BEE Nwoke. BSc, MSc, PhD, Professor. Medical Parasitology and. Entomology Research Laboratory, College of Sciences, Imo State University Owerri, PMB 2000, Owerri, Nigeria. Request forreprints to: Dr I. NS. Dozie, Medical Parasitology and Entomology Research ...

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    NARGA

    Overall, SAB females sustained lower levels of shell deaths than ZB females, while the eggs produced by mates of SAB males had higher shell .... season with strategic dietary supplements (Lambrechts, 2004). ... All birds received the same breeder diet (8.5 MJ metabolisable energy and 120 g protein/kg dry matter) at a ...

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    Winnie

    2006-09-02

    Sep 2, 2006 ... factor (TNF) and interleukin-2 (IL-2). Cytokine dysregulation has been described in HIV-infected patients. Diminished IL-2 receptors on CD4 cells were described in 1991.7 IL-2, a cytokine that stimulates the production of CD4 cells, has been proposed for patients who are unable to replenish CD4 cells, ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Proff.Adewunmi

    The infection can also be transmitted through contaminated means such as towels and clothing (Alcamo,. 2000). Signs of infections in symptomatic women include vaginal discharge, odour, edema or erythema and colpitis macularis; a clinical sign which is characterized by punctuate hemorrhagic lesions, others are dysuria, ...

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    pc

    Nitrogen fertilizer. (urea 46% N) was used as source of nitrogen and it was applied at 3 WAS, along the side of the Moringa plant (Palada and Chang, 2003). ... control. Harvest frequency of 3 and 4 weeks were statistically at par and produced significantly (P<0.05) higher protein contents than 2 weeks at same period.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    and to some extent Ruptured egg yolk in the older birds. There was annual increase of Salmonellosis from as low as 14 cases in 2007 to 38 cases in 2009. Salmonellosis appeared to be a threat to commercial poultry production in Adamawa. State and indeed Nigeria in General. Salmonella spp. infection from the hatchery ...

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    GB

    2014-01-01

    Jan 1, 2014 ... Kogan I & Lewinson D. Variation in the branching of the axillary artery. A description of a rare case. Acta Anat 1998; 162(4):238-40. 8. Bergman R. A, Thomson S. A, Afifi A. K &. Saadeh, F.A. Compendium of Anatomic. Variation. In Cardiovascular system. Baltimore, Urban and Schwarzenber 1988, pp. 72-3.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2006-09-15

    Sep 15, 2006 ... The thermograms of HPMC and Eudragit RS 100 as well as formulation A1. (Fig 3) showed that there is a decrease in the sharpness of the peak as clearly visible from the thermograms. Powder x-ray diffraction (PX-RD). The XRD pattern of flurbiprofen showed the characteristic peaks of 2θ at 30.256o and.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    (Colombia), Jobo Corronchoso (Venezuela), Hoeboe (Surinam), Acaiba, Caja, Pau da tapera (Brazil), Ubo (Peru), Hobo. (Mexico), Iyeye (Yoruba), Uvuru (Igbo). Previous phytochemical ...... 255. 4. Bolles R. C. (1960). Grooming behaviour in rat. Journal of Complimentary Physiology and Psychology. 53: 306-. 310. 5.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    consumer background, crop development, release, and delivery of iron bean varieties and synthesizes lessons ..... the largest quantity of iron bean seed was delivered through the payback channel, direct marketing ..... agro-ecological niches in Rwanda, and bean farmers have historically grown multiple varieties and are ...

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    Effect of pre-crop type on growth and yield of maize. 55. Introduction. With the increasing population growth in. Ghana, pressure on land has led to utilization of marginal lands resulting in wide deforestation, increased soil erosion, leaching and low organic matter content of the top soils. There is, therefore, an overall ...

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    Nx 6110

    East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Vol. 11 (2008) 3-8. *Author to whom correspondence may be addressed. Development and Validation of .... However. 10 % tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulphate. (0.1 M, pH 5.0) was chosen since resolution and symmetry were improved at this concentration.

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    FOMCS2

    AIDS work, including actions to promote or dissuade stigma ... organizations participated in a structured interview on their perceptions of the role ... substantial personal, social and economic costs on ..... good job…we are all satisfied with them.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African J. TradCAM

    aSocial Aspects of HIV/AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa &. Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, ... and abnormal anatomy and physiology, sexually transmitted infections and including HIV, circumcision practice and aftercare of initiates. We concluded that safer ...

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    GB

    respiratory disease, mental illnesses and diabetes are leading causes of .... for CNCDs including cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, dietary habit ..... of the International Physical Activity. Questionnaire (IPAQ). November 2005. Available at www.ipaq.ki.se. 17. WHO/Health Statistics and Information. Systems. World Health ...

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    User

    prone sleeping and shaking . Such practises may be harmful to the infant. It also warrants attention because it is costly and takes up a lot of physicians' time. TherearescantreportsemanatingfromAfrica on this relatively common problem. We undertook this study in our area of practice because the prevalence and perception ...

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    history of the herd, microbiology of milk culture, Somatic Cell. Count (SCC), and an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. (ELISA). However, the microbiological culture is the most reliable source of diagnosis of mastitis in ... with poor hygienic practices and is often caused by the bruising of mammary tissue or teats from ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2015-02-02

    Feb 2, 2015 ... en oy such higher values of the pressure). This will serve as a guide for the proper operation and management of the network distribution system of the city under consideration. The approach is also suggested for evaluating the most efficient strategies for managing nodal pressures in the strengthening of a ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There was no significant (P≥0.05) difference in sensory properties of all the yoghurt treatments. In conclusion, the use of pawpaw to flavour yoghurt did not negatively affect the yoghurt properties; therefore, pawpaw flavoured yoghurt can be recommended for consumption. Keys words: Flavoured yoghurt, pawpaw puree, ...

  2. Theatre Involvement and Well-Being, Age Differences, and Lessons From Long-Time Subscribers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meeks, Suzanne; Shryock, Sarah Kelly; Vandenbroucke, Russell J

    2017-04-08

    Activities that provide positive emotions, meaningful social interaction, and psychological stimulation can bolster well-being throughout life. We tested a model of psychological benefit from, and age differences in, adult ticket buyers' involvement with a large regional theatre. We sent online surveys to Actors Theatre of Louisville ticketbuyers, measuring involvement with the theatre, satisfaction/enjoyment, social engagement, flow, and sense of belonging while attending, and well-being. Structural models (N = 496) tested a model of well-being and age differences; focus groups of older subscribers (N = 20) elaborated quantitative findings. As hypothesized, theatre involvement was indirectly related to satisfaction and enjoyment of the theatre, hedonic well-being, and social functioning, through the psychosocial benefits of flow, social engagement, and belonging. Age moderated the model relationships: involvement was more strongly related to benefits for younger than older participants, but there were no age differences in the relationship between benefits and well-being. Focus group participants articulated how theatre contributes to a sense of community and pride of place, connecting individual well-being to community well-being. Involvement in performing arts organizations may have lifelong benefits. The relationship between involvement and psychosocial benefit may be particularly strong for younger audience members despite the fact that older adults have more involvement. Older adults with long-term involvement appear to benefit even when they reduce their involvement. Our qualitative findings underscore the great richness of experience that younger generations might lose as a result of lower participation.

  3. Cosine-Modulated Multitone for Very-High-Speed Digital Subscriber Lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Lekun

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the use of cosine-modulated filter banks (CMFBs for multicarrier modulation in the application of very-high-speed digital subscriber lines (VDSLs is studied. We refer to this modulation technique as cosine-modulated multitone (CMT. CMT has the same transmitter structure as discrete wavelet multitone (DWMT. However, the receiver structure in CMT is different from its DWMT counterpart. DWMT uses linear combiner equalizers, which typically have more than 20 taps per subcarrier. CMT, on the other hand, adopts a receiver structure that uses only two taps per subcarrier for equalization. This paper has the following contributions. (i A modification that reduces the computational complexity of the receiver structure of CMT is proposed. (ii Although traditionally CMFBs are designed to satisfy perfect-reconstruction (PR property, in transmultiplexing applications, the presence of channel destroys the PR property of the filter bank, and thus other criteria of filter design should be adopted. We propose one such method. (iii Through extensive computer simulations, we compare CMT with zipper discrete multitone (z-DMT and filtered multitone (FMT, the two modulation techniques that have been included in the VDSL draft standard. Comparisons are made in terms of computational complexity, transmission latency, achievable bit rate, and resistance to radio ingress noise.

  4. Pull vs. Push: How OmniEarth Delivers Better Earth Observation Information to Subscribers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fish, C.; Slagowski, S.; Dyrud, L.; Fentzke, J.; Hargis, B.; Steerman, M.

    2015-04-01

    Until very recently, the commercialization of Earth observation systems has largely occurred in two ways: either through the detuning of government satellites or the repurposing of NASA (or other science) data for commercial use. However, the convergence of cloud computing and low-cost satellites is enabling Earth observation companies to tailor observation data to specific markets. Now, underserved constituencies, such as agriculture and energy, can tap into Earth observation data that is provided at a cadence, resolution and cost that can have a real impact to their bottom line. To connect with these markets, OmniEarth fuses data from a variety of sources, synthesizes it into useful and valuable business information, and delivers it to customers via web or mobile interfaces. The "secret sauce" is no longer about having the highest resolution imagery, but rather it is about using that imagery - in conjunction with a number of other sources - to solve complex problems that require timely and contextual information about our dynamic and changing planet. OmniEarth improves subscribers' ability to visualize the world around them by enhancing their ability to see, analyze, and react to change in real time through a solutions-as-a-service platform.

  5. An Electric Vehicle Charging Management Scheme Based on Publish/Subscribe Communication Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Yue; Wang, Ning; Kamel, George; Kim, Young-Jin

    2017-09-01

    Motivated by alleviating CO$_2$ pollution, Electric Vehicle (EV) based applications have recently received wide interests from both commercial and research communities by using electric energy instead of traditional fuel energy. Although EVs are inherently with limited travelling distance, such limitation could be overcome by deploying public Charging Stations (CSs) to recharge EVs battery during their journeys. In this paper we propose a novel communication framework for on-the-move EV charging scenario, based on the Publish/Subscribe (P/S) mechanism for disseminating necessary CS information to EVs, in order for them to make optimized decisions on where to charge. A core part of our communication framework is the utilization of Road Side Units (RSUs) to bridge the information flow from CSs to EVs, which has been regarded as a type of cost-efficient communication infrastructure. Under this design, we introduce two complementary communication modes of signalling protocols, namely Push and Pull Modes, in order to enable the required information dissemination operation. Both analysis and simulation show the advantage of Pull Mode, in which the information is cached at RSUs to support asynchronous communication. We further propose a remote reservation service based on the Pull Mode, such that the CS-selection decision making can utilize the knowledge of EVs' charging reservation, as published from EVs through RSUs to CSs. Results show that both the performance at CS and EV sides are further improved based on using this anticipated information.

  6. Downloading Multiple Records Using Query Strings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Crymble

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Downloading a single record from a website is easy, but downloading many records at a time – an increasingly frequent need for a historian – is much more efficient using a programming language such as Python. In this lesson, we will write a program that will download a series of records from the Old Bailey Online using custom search criteria, and save them to a directory on our computer. This process involves interpreting and manipulating URL Query Strings. In this case, the tutorial will seek to download sources that contain references to people of African descent that were published in the Old Bailey Proceedings between 1700 and 1750.

  7. Self-Adapting Routing Overlay Network for Frequently Changing Application Traffic in Content-Based Publish/Subscribe System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng Chi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the large-scale distributed simulation area, the topology of the overlay network cannot always rapidly adapt to frequently changing application traffic to reduce the overall traffic cost. In this paper, we propose a self-adapting routing strategy for frequently changing application traffic in content-based publish/subscribe system. The strategy firstly trains the traffic information and then uses this training information to predict the application traffic in the future. Finally, the strategy reconfigures the topology of the overlay network based on this predicting information to reduce the overall traffic cost. A predicting path is also introduced in this paper to reduce the reconfiguration numbers in the process of the reconfigurations. Compared to other strategies, the experimental results show that the strategy proposed in this paper could reduce the overall traffic cost of the publish/subscribe system in less reconfigurations.

  8. Downloads | Information | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Downloads. Abstracts of Lectures Speaker Profiles and Abstracts; Schedules and Posters Programme Card · Programme · Special Lectures · Symposia · List Of Conveners · Local Organizing Committee · Annual report of the IASc ...

  9. FDIC Summary of Deposits (SOD) Download File

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation — The FDIC's Summary of Deposits (SOD) download file contains deposit data for branches and offices of all FDIC-insured institutions. The Federal Deposit Insurance...

  10. College Students' Moral Evaluations of Illegal Music Downloading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jambon, Marc M.; Smetana, Judith G.

    2012-01-01

    Although unauthorized music downloading is illegal, a majority of college students have downloaded music for free online. Evaluations of illegal music downloading and their association with downloading behavior were examined using social domain theory in a sample of 188 ethnically diverse college students (M[subscript age] = 19.80 years, SD =…

  11. Performance Testing of Download Services of COSMC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiří Horák

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents results of performance tests of download services of Czech Office of Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre according to INSPIRE  requirements. Methodology of testing is explained, including monitoring performance  of reference servers. 26 millions of random requests were generated for each monitored operation, layer and coordinate system. The temporal development of performance indicators are analyzed and discussed. Results of performance tests approve the compliance with INSPIRE qualitative requirements for download services. All monitored services satisfy requirements of latency, capacity and availability. The latency and availability requirements are fulfilled with an abundant reserve. No problems in structure and content of responses were detected.

  12. Downloads | Information | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Quick links. Schedule. Day1 · Day2 · Allied Events. For Participants. Venue · Accommodation · Transport · Press and Media · Contact. Downloads. Programme Poster · Programme Brochure · Speaker Profiles and Abstracts · Special Lectures Poster · List of Participants. © 2017 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.

  13. Download - RED | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...t This Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - RED | LSDB Archive ...

  14. Download - SSBD | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...ion Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - SSBD | LSDB Archive ...

  15. Download - SAHG | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - SAHG | LSDB Archive ...

  16. Download - RPSD | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - RPSD | LSDB Archive ...

  17. Download - DMPD | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...atabase Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - DMPD | LSDB Archive ...

  18. Download - PSCDB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...cess [here]. About This Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - PSCDB | LSDB Archive ...

  19. Download - FANTOM5 | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...access [here]. About This Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - FANTOM5 | LSDB Archive ...

  20. Download - DGBY | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...base Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - DGBY | LSDB Archive ...

  1. Download - ASTRA | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...is Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - ASTRA | LSDB Archive ...

  2. Download - GRIPDB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...t This Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - GRIPDB | LSDB Archive ...

  3. Download - TMFunction | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...out This Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - TMFunction | LSDB Archive ...

  4. Download - RGP caps | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...About This Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - RGP caps | LSDB Archive ...

  5. Manikin for assessment of MP3 player exposure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammershøi, Dorte

    2007-01-01

    Contemporary personal stereo players are compact, easy to use, and provide intense, high-quality sound that can be heard anywhere anytime. The players are reasonable in price, and have become very popular among children and adolescents. Little is known about listening habits among children and ad...

  6. Noise Exposure Estimates of Urban MP3 Player Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levey, Sandra; Levey, Tania; Fligor, Brian J.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the sound level and duration of use of personal listening devices (PLDs) by 189 college students, ages 18-53 years, as they entered a New York City college campus, to determine whether noise exposure from PLDs was in excess of recommended exposure limits and what factors might influence exposure. Method: Free-field equivalent…

  7. Música e Tecnologia, do Vinil ao MP3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAIVA, Eduardo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The many technologies related to the processes of sound recording came to be understood, since the 60s, as “expressive means” that enable the appearance of new languages and procedures linked to the musical creation. By abandoning its supporting role, technology, mainly since the digital systems in the 90s, raises a large number of questions about the creation, recording and duplication processes of a musical work, where several concepts must be rethought and reconfigured. And, with the popularity of the Web from the late 90s on and consequently the movement of the sound work detached from any relationship with the physical media, we have today a new industry, new creation processes and a whole new approach of the issues linked to the relationship between music and technology. Finally, technology is an important element in the building of a sound singularity, something essential in popular music and even in some specific cases of classical music, as we can see in the recordings of Glenn Gould. Therefore, it is necessary to have a clear view of these processes (starting with vinyl records until the digital possibilities of today as well as to understand technology as one of the most important “expressive means” of sound creation.

  8. A communication model to integrate the Request-Response and the Publish-Subscribe paradigms into ubiquitous systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Domínguez, Carlos; Benghazi, Kawtar; Noguera, Manuel; Garrido, José Luis; Rodríguez, María Luisa; Ruiz-López, Tomás

    2012-01-01

    The Request-Response (RR) paradigm is widely used in ubiquitous systems to exchange information in a secure, reliable and timely manner. Nonetheless, there is also an emerging need for adopting the Publish-Subscribe (PubSub) paradigm in this kind of systems, due to the advantages that this paradigm offers in supporting mobility by means of asynchronous, non-blocking and one-to-many message distribution semantics for event notification. This paper analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of both the RR and PubSub paradigms to support communications in ubiquitous systems and proposes an abstract communication model in order to enable their seamless integration. Thus, developers will be focused on communication semantics and the required quality properties, rather than be concerned about specific communication mechanisms. The aim is to provide developers with abstractions intended to decrease the complexity of integrating different communication paradigms commonly needed in ubiquitous systems. The proposal has been applied to implement a middleware and a real home automation system to show its applicability and benefits.

  9. A Communication Model to Integrate the Request-Response and the Publish-Subscribe Paradigms into Ubiquitous Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Ruiz-López

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The Request-Response (RR paradigm is widely used in ubiquitous systems to exchange information in a secure, reliable and timely manner. Nonetheless, there is also an emerging need for adopting the Publish-Subscribe (PubSub paradigm in this kind of systems, due to the advantages that this paradigm offers in supporting mobility by means of asynchronous, non-blocking and one-to-many message distribution semantics for event notification. This paper analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of both the RR and PubSub paradigms to support communications in ubiquitous systems and proposes an abstract communication model in order to enable their seamless integration. Thus, developers will be focused on communication semantics and the required quality properties, rather than be concerned about specific communication mechanisms. The aim is to provide developers with abstractions intended to decrease the complexity of integrating different communication paradigms commonly needed in ubiquitous systems. The proposal has been applied to implement a middleware and a real home automation system to show its applicability and benefits.

  10. The accidental criminal: Using policy to curb illegal downloading

    OpenAIRE

    Doloswala, Kalika Navin; Dadich, Ann

    2011-01-01

    Illegal downloading is a multifaceted social issue. In addition to the loss of intellectual property and revenue for copyright-holders, it can implicate perpetrators into the criminal justice system. Despite legislative attempts to curb illegal downloading, lessons to date suggest these do little to reduce the activity. Drawing on psychological literature, this paper offers an innovative approach to address illegal downloading. Attribution theory argues that the activity might be moderated by...

  11. Download - Metabolonote | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us Metabol...search and download 1 README README_e.html - 2 Sample Set (SE) metabolonote_sampl...e_set.zip (41 KB) Simple search and download 3 Sample (S) metabolonote_sample.zip (110 KB) Simple search and... download 4 Analytical Method (M) metabolonote_analytical_method.zip (269 KB) Simple search and download 5 Data Analysis (D) metabol...ad 6 Analytical Method Details (MS) metabolonote_analytical_method_details.zip (73 KB) Simple search and dow

  12. Computer Security: downloading films is no peccadillo

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefan Lueders, Computer Security Team

    2015-01-01

    Dear Summer Students, within the Organization, you have many possibilities to pursue your natural curiosity and acquire as much new knowledge as you can siphon into your brain. CERN provides you with the academic freedom to do so, with almost no limitations. But hold on: “free” and “no limitations” don’t mean that you can do whatever you want…   Please note that, when using CERN’s computing facilities, when sending e-mails from your CERN e-mail address, when using your laptop/smartphone/computer, you must follow a basic framework of rules, the CERN Computing Rules. I would like to focus on one particular aspect of those rules: that of accessing music, videos, films or computer games from popular websites like ThePirateBay or using Bittorrent.  CERN has an awesome connection to the Internet, lots of bandwidth and a high capacity for web downloads. However, this does not mean that downloading music, videos...

  13. Academic Software Downloads from Google Code: Useful Usage Indicators?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thelwall, Mike; Kousha, Kayvan

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Computer scientists and other researchers often make their programs freely available online. If this software makes a valuable contribution inside or outside of academia then its creators may want to demonstrate this with a suitable indicator, such as download counts. Methods: Download counts, citation counts, labels and licenses…

  14. Download - Plabrain DB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us Plabrain...s Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - Plabrain DB | LSDB Archive ...

  15. Download - RPD | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data .... If it is, access [here]. About This Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - RPD | LSDB Archive ...

  16. Download - JSNP | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data .... If it is, access [here]. About This Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - JSNP | LSDB Archive ...

  17. Download - CREATE portal | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available .6 KB) Simple search and download 3 InCeP create_portal_incep.zip (1 KB) Simple search and download 4 InCeP images create_portal_imag...es.zip (13.4 MB) - 5 KeyMolnet data create_portal_keymolnet.zip (7.1 MB) - 6 Mascot

  18. Is your EPL attractive? Classification of publications through download dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Mryglod, Olesya; Holovatch, Yurij

    2014-01-01

    Although no substitutes for peer review, metrics and altmetrics are increasingly used to estimate the value of academic papers. Metrics are based on citation counts and altmetrics on social media impact. Each approach has well documented advantages and drawbacks. Here we consider a third approach, based on download dynamics. Applied to "Europhysics Letters" (EPL) papers, we find that the journal is characterised by fast accumulation of downloads during the first couple of months after publication, followed by a slower rate thereafter. This behaviour can be modelled, so that the long-time download patterns for the journal can be predicted. We also find that individual papers can be classified in various ways. A small proportion (2%) display intense bursts of download activity, possibly following an extended period of unremarkable behaviour (so-called "sleeping beauties"). About 17% of papers have an especially high degree of attractiveness, which distinguishes them from the typical volumes of downloads which c...

  19. Retrieving HapMap Data via Bulk Download.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Albert Vernon

    2008-07-01

    INTRODUCTIONThe primary goal of the International Haplotype Map Project has been to develop a haplotype map of the human genome that describes the common patterns of genetic variation, in order to accelerate the search for the genetic causes of human disease. Within the project, ~3.9 million distinct single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been genotyped in 270 individuals from four worldwide populations. The project data are available for unrestricted public use at the HapMap Web site. This site, which is the primary portal to genotype data produced by the project, offers bulk downloads of the data set, as well as interactive data browsing and analysis tools that are not available elsewhere. Bulk downloads of chromosome- or genome-wide data provide text dumps of the entire HapMap data set. Although complete, such downloads do not provide any filtering or selection services. This protocol describes the retrieval of HapMap data via bulk download.

  20. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): Facility Interests Dataset Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This downloadable data package consists of location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for all sites that are...

  1. US EPA Nonattainment Areas and Designations - Download Package

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This downloadable data package contains the following state level layers: Ozone 8-hr (1997 standard), Ozone 8-hr (2008 standard), Lead (2008 standard), SO2 1-hr...

  2. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): Facility Interests Dataset - Intranet Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This downloadable data package consists of location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for all sites that are...

  3. FDIC Institution Directory (ID) -- Insured Insitution Download File

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation — The FDIC's Institution Directory (ID) download file provides a list of all FDIC-insured institutions. The file includes demographic information related to the...

  4. Analysis of Sci-Hub downloads of computer science papers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andročec Darko

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The scientific knowledge is disseminated by research papers. Most of the research literature is copyrighted by publishers and avail- able only through paywalls. Recently, some websites offer most of the recent content for free. One of them is the controversial website Sci-Hub that enables access to more than 47 million pirated research papers. In April 2016, Science Magazine published an article on Sci-Hub activity over the period of six months and publicly released the Sci-Hub’s server log data. The mentioned paper aggregates the view that relies on all downloads and for all fields of study, but these findings might be hiding interesting patterns within computer science. The mentioned Sci-Hub log data was used in this paper to analyse downloads of computer science papers based on DBLP’s list of computer science publications. The top downloads of computer science papers were analysed, together with the geographical location of Sci-Hub users, the most downloaded publishers, types of papers downloaded, and downloads of computer science papers per publication year. The results of this research can be used to improve legal access to the most relevant scientific repositories or journals for the computer science field.

  5. Download - Taxonomy Icon | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available n.zip (5.7 KB) Simple search and download 5 Images on Comment taxonomy_icon_comment_png_en.zip (15.8 MB) - Dow... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us Taxonomy Icon Download Please note that the data Commment and Images on Comment, shown in th...ms of use. First of all, please read the license of this database. Data names and data descriptions are about the dow...f the original database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow

  6. Download - RMG | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available genomic_dynamism.zip (1 KB) Simple search and download Downlaod via FTP FTP server is sometimes jammed. If i... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us RMG Dow...ginal database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow...nload 1 README README_e.html - 2 Main data rmg_main.zip (1 KB) Simple search and dow

  7. Download - KOME | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available t_5end_all.fasta.zip (27 MB) Simple search and download Downlaod via FTP FTP serv... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us KOME Dow...scriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents of the or...iginal database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow

  8. Download - RMOS | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available (f_g_primer) rmos_f_g_primer_table.csv.zip (636 KB) Simple search and download Downlaod via FTP FTP server i... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us RMOS Dow...scriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents of the or...iginal database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow

  9. Download - PLACE | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us PLACE Dow...escriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents of the o...riginal database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow...nload 1 README README_e.html - 2 Main place_main.zip (48.9 KB) Simple search and dow

  10. Download - GETDB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us GETDB Dow...escriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents of the o...riginal database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow... List) of Drosophila GAL4 enhancer trap lines getdb.zip (331KB) Simple search and download 3 Genome mapping

  11. 用戶著作權侵權之網路服務業者責任 Internet Service Provider Liability for Subscriber Copyright Infrigement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    蔡蕙芳 Hui-Fang Tsai

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available 網路服務業者的責任可說是網路上最具爭議的問題。本文的目的在於從一般性原則上討論用戶涉及著作權侵權時,網路服務業者是否可能成立民事侵權與刑事犯罪責任。個案的深入討論並不在本文範圍內。本文首先介紹美國侵權法上網路服務業者責任,內容包括法院判決、學說見解與國會立法。其次,本文將從刑法理論來分析用戶成立直接正犯之同時,網路服務業者可能構成共同正犯、正犯後正犯或共犯。此外,也將分別檢討正犯與共犯之成立要件。最後,本文將檢討我國法上相關法律如何適用以解決網路服務 業者責任,並提出增訂網路服務業者責任規定之建議。 The liability of internet service provider (ISP is perhaps the most controversial legal issue to emerge from cyberspace. The purpose of this paper is to explore the general principles as to whether there should be civil and criminal liability for ISP concerning subscriber copyright infringement. An in-depth treatment of case study is beyond the scope of this paper. The first section provides an overview of the doctrine of ISP copyright infringement liability in America, followed by the introduction of judicial decisions, opinions of scholars and new legislation. Focusing on criminal liability that could be imposed upon ISP for copyright infringement initiated by subscribers, the second section seeks to illustrate the observation that the individuals who post copyright infringement materials act as principals in the first degree, and ISP would qualify as an accomplice, principal in the second degree, or accessory to the crimes. Furthermore, this section discusses in turn the qualifications for the perpetrators and accomplices. Finally, the third section reviews the current Taiwan tort and criminal law and its application to ISP and concludes that the Taiwan copyright law should make specific provision for

  12. A Cooperative Downloading Method for VANET Using Distributed Fountain Code.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jianhang; Zhang, Wenbin; Wang, Qi; Li, Shibao; Chen, Haihua; Cui, Xuerong; Sun, Yi

    2016-10-12

    Cooperative downloading is one of the effective methods to improve the amount of downloaded data in vehicular ad hoc networking (VANET). However, the poor channel quality and short encounter time bring about a high packet loss rate, which decreases transmission efficiency and fails to satisfy the requirement of high quality of service (QoS) for some applications. Digital fountain code (DFC) can be utilized in the field of wireless communication to increase transmission efficiency. For cooperative forwarding, however, processing delay from frequent coding and decoding as well as single feedback mechanism using DFC cannot adapt to the environment of VANET. In this paper, a cooperative downloading method for VANET using concatenated DFC is proposed to solve the problems above. The source vehicle and cooperative vehicles encodes the raw data using hierarchical fountain code before they send to the client directly or indirectly. Although some packets may be lost, the client can recover the raw data, so long as it receives enough encoded packets. The method avoids data retransmission due to packet loss. Furthermore, the concatenated feedback mechanism in the method reduces the transmission delay effectively. Simulation results indicate the benefits of the proposed scheme in terms of increasing amount of downloaded data and data receiving rate.

  13. Download - TogoTV | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ... Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - TogoTV | LSDB Archive ...

  14. Download - GenLibi | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...access [here]. About This Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - GenLibi | LSDB Archive ...

  15. Download - eSOL | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - eSOL | LSDB Archive ...

  16. Download - fRNAdb | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - fRNAdb | LSDB Archive ...

  17. Microcomputer/CYBER data transfer system. [UPLOAD and DOWNLOAD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voy, D.C.

    1981-02-12

    A software system was developed to facilitate the transmission of ASCII text and data files between the Fermilab CYBER computer system and CP/M-compatible Z80 microcomputers such as the Cromemco Z2. Communication between computers is via the dial-up service of the CYBER system. Two programs for the microcomputer, UPLOAD and DOWNLOAD, transmit files to and receive files from the CYBER, respectively. Both programs allow the microcomputer operator to enter an interactive mode with the CYBER system for log-in sequences, etc. The microcomputer programs, once log-in sequences are completed, evoke a CYBER procedure that activates any files to be read or creates any files to be written. Descriptions of each microcomputer program and a copy of an example UPLOAD/DOWNLOAD session are given. (RWR)

  18. ``The Legal Bit's in Russian'': Making Sense of Downloaded Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kibby, Marjorie D.

    Peer-to-peer sharing of music files grew in the face of consumer dissatisfaction with the compact disc and the absence of any real alternative. Many users were more or less “forced” to turn to illegal file sharing to access single tracks, back catalogues, and niche genres. Recently the almost simultaneous arrival of broadband internet and the iPod has seen music downloading become a respectable activity and a multi-billion dollar industry.

  19. XRTPS – EXTENSIBLE REAL-TIME PUBLISH-SUBSCRIBE: MIDDLEWARE MULTICAST PARA TROCA DE DADOS BASEADO EM XML PARA REDES DE TEMPO REAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalerson Raposo Ferreira de Lima

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Um fator recorrente das redes de escritório é a busca por maior desempenho, ou seja, redes que executem suas tarefas no menor tempo possível. Porém, para redes industriais o desempenho médio não é o fator mais relevante, isso porque o desempenho de um sistema de tempo real está diretamente relacionado com a previsibilidade imposta pelo ambiente. Enquanto as redes de escritório são orientadas a obter o melhor desempenho médio possível, as redes industriais são orientadas a requisitos temporais, dado que o fator de cumprimento das metas temporais é imperativo em muitas aplicações de tempo real, ou seja, o determinismo. O padrão Ethernet é a principal tecnologia de interconexão de redes locais, porém ainda não foi estabelecido como padrão para redes industriais porque o seu método de acesso ao meio, o CSMA/CD, não atende aos requisitos temporais exigidos por esse tipo de rede. Esse trabalho teve como objetivo desenvolver um middleware em Java para troca de dados em redes industriais, denominado Extensible Real-Time Publish Subscribe. Java foi escolhida como a tecnologia de desenvolvimento a fim de garantir a independência de plataforma provida pela Máquina Virtual Java. Essa independência também é provida pelo próprio middleware, uma vez que suas mensagens são formatadas em XML, que por se tratar de um padrão mundial estabelecido pela W3C, pode ser manipulado por diferentes tecnologias.

  20. Best iPad Apps The Guide for Discriminating Downloaders

    CERN Document Server

    Meyers, Peter

    2010-01-01

    What really wows iPad fans is when their touchscreen does what's impossible on other gadgets: the finger-painting app that turns a cross-country flight into a moving art class, the mini music studio (two-dozen instruments strong, each with motion-induced warble effects), and the portable fireworks display that you sculpt by swiping. Problem is, with tens of thousands of apps available for your iPad, who knows what to download? You can try to sort through a gazillion customer reviews with a mix of 5- and 1-star ratings, but that's a head-hurting time-waster. The stakes are getting higher, too

  1. Proactive methods against illegal downloading : A study within the music industry

    OpenAIRE

    Lindberg, Johan; Fällman, Henrik

    2010-01-01

    This study focuses on the proactive methods against illegal downloading. This study will look into the new implemented IPRED law that could be seen as one attempt to prevent the illegal downloading. Furthermore, this study investigates how new services such as Spotify can be a legal alternative to the illegal downloading and also how the music industry has handled the transition from CD sales to the new digital media.   Our research consists of both qualitative and quantitative study where a ...

  2. Download - Nikkaji-InChI Mapping Table | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available I nikkaji_inchi_mapping.zip (208 MB) Simple search and download Downlaod via FTP FTP server is sometimes jam... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us Nikkaji-InChI Mapping Table Download First of all, please read the license of this database.... Data names and data descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to...me File Simple search and download 1 README README_e.html - 2 Nikkaji Number-InCh

  3. Download - Arabidopsis Phenome Database | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us Arabidopsis Phenome Database Download First of all, please read the license of this database.... Data names and data descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond t...ame File Simple search and download 1 README README_e.html - 2 Observation of Ara...bidopsis phenotype riken_piam_main.zip (367 KB) Simple search and download 3 Image of Arabidopsis phenotype

  4. Recommendations to Improve Downloads of Large Earth Observation Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahul Ramachandran

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available With the volume of Earth observation data expanding rapidly, cloud computing is quickly changing the way these data are processed, analyzed, and visualized. Collocating freely available Earth observation data on a cloud computing infrastructure may create opportunities unforeseen by the original data provider for innovation and value-added data re-use, but existing systems at data centers are not designed for supporting requests for large data transfers. A lack of common methodology necessitates that each data center handle such requests from different cloud vendors differently. Guidelines are needed to support enabling all cloud vendors to utilize a common methodology for bulk-downloading data from data centers, thus preventing the providers from building custom capabilities to meet the needs of individual vendors. This paper presents recommendations distilled from use cases provided by three cloud vendors (Amazon, Google, and Microsoft and are based on the vendors’ interactions with data systems at different Federal agencies and organizations. These specific recommendations range from obvious steps for improving data usability (such as ensuring the use of standard data formats and commonly supported projections to non-obvious undertakings important for enabling bulk data downloads at scale. These recommendations can be used to evaluate and improve existing data systems for high-volume data transfers, and their adoption can lead to cloud vendors utilizing a common methodology.

  5. Expert Involvement Predicts mHealth App Downloads: Multivariate Regression Analysis of Urology Apps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira-Azevedo, Nuno; Osório, Luís; Cavadas, Vitor; Fraga, Avelino; Carrasquinho, Eduardo; Cardoso de Oliveira, Eduardo; Castelo-Branco, Miguel; Roobol, Monique J

    2016-07-15

    Urological mobile medical (mHealth) apps are gaining popularity with both clinicians and patients. mHealth is a rapidly evolving and heterogeneous field, with some urology apps being downloaded over 10,000 times and others not at all. The factors that contribute to medical app downloads have yet to be identified, including the hypothetical influence of expert involvement in app development. The objective of our study was to identify predictors of the number of urology app downloads. We reviewed urology apps available in the Google Play Store and collected publicly available data. Multivariate ordinal logistic regression evaluated the effect of publicly available app variables on the number of apps being downloaded. Of 129 urology apps eligible for study, only 2 (1.6%) had >10,000 downloads, with half having ≤100 downloads and 4 (3.1%) having none at all. Apps developed with expert urologist involvement (P=.003), optional in-app purchases (P=.01), higher user rating (PApp cost was inversely related to the number of downloads (Pdevelopers' websites, but not other platforms, were publicly available for analysis, and the level and nature of expert involvement was not documented. The explicit participation of urologists in app development is likely to enhance its chances to have a higher number of downloads. This finding should help in the design of better apps and further promote urologist involvement in mHealth. Official certification processes are required to ensure app quality and user safety.

  6. Downloading Options in LEXIS/NEXIS and WESTLAW: Part 2--WESTLAW.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lomio, J. Paul

    1988-01-01

    Describes the downloading capabilities of the WESTMATE version of the WESTLAW retrieval system and compares WESTLAW to LEXIS in terms of downloading functions and costs. The steps involved in WESTLAW access with standard communications software are outlined, and sample screen displays are appended. (CLB)

  7. The Effects of Download Delay on Performance and End-User Satisfaction in an Internet Tutorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Erica S.; Hantula, Donald A.

    2001-01-01

    Describes a study of university students that investigated the effects of a variable unique to Internet-based learning, namely download delay of instructional materials. Discusses a simulated online teaching tool that measured the effects of download delay of images on test performance, time spent on the material, end-user satisfaction, and…

  8. Download - MicrobeDB.jp | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us Mi... data descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents o...ense Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - MicrobeDB.jp | LSDB Archive ...

  9. Share, steal, or buy? A social cognitive perspective of music downloading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaRose, Robert; Kim, Junghyun

    2007-04-01

    The music downloading phenomenon presents a unique opportunity to examine normative influences on media consumption behavior. Downloaders face moral, legal, and ethical quandaries that can be conceptualized as normative influences within the self-regulatory mechanism of social cognitive theory. The music industry hopes to eliminate illegal file sharing and to divert illegal downloaders to pay services by asserting normative influence through selective prosecutions and public information campaigns. However the deficient self-regulation of downloaders counters these efforts maintaining file sharing as a persistent habit that defies attempts to establish normative control. The present research tests and extends the social cognitive theory of downloading on a sample of college students. The expected outcomes of downloading behavior and deficient self-regulation of that behavior were found to be important determinants of intentions to continue downloading. Consistent with social cognitive theory but in contrast to the theory of planned behavior, it was found that descriptive and prescriptive norms influenced deficient self-regulation but had no direct impact on behavioral intentions. Downloading intentions also had no direct relationship to either compact disc purchases or to subscription to online pay music services.

  10. What Are You Reading? An Analysis of 100,000 Numeracy Article Downloads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathan D. Grawe

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This editorial celebrates the first 100,000 downloads of items published in Numeracy. An analysis of item titles suggests readers prefer titles referencing "numeracy" over "quantitative literacy" and those dealing with mathematics and finance. As we look toward the next 100,000 downloads we aspire to greater diversity in readership that diminishes disciplinary differences.

  11. Download - tRNADB-CE | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us tRNA...rch and download 1 README README_e.html - 2 tRNA sequence data, annotation data a...f This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - tRNADB-CE | LSDB Archive ...

  12. Resource Letter MP-3: The Manhattan Project and Related Nuclear Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, B. Cameron

    2016-10-01

    This Resource Letter is a supplement to the earlier Resource Letters MP-1 and MP-2, and provides further sources on the Manhattan Project and related research. Books, review papers, journal articles, videos, and websites are cited for the following topics: general works, technical works, biographical and autobiographical works, foreign wartime nuclear programs and related allied intelligence, the use of the bombs against Hiroshima and Nagasaki, technical papers of historical interest, postwar policy and technical developments, and educational materials. Together, these three Resource Letters describe nearly 400 sources of information on the Manhattan Project.

  13. FPGAs Implementation of fast algorithms oriented to mp3 audio decompression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Benavides

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La ejecución de los algoritmos de descompresión de audio exige procesadores potentes con alto nivel de desempeño, sin embargo, dichos algoritmos no son apropiados para aplicaciones óptimas en dispositivos móviles. En este trabajo se lleva a cabo una exploración de algunos algoritmos cuya implementación en hardware permite mejorar el desempeño de los procesadores usados en dispositivos móviles que ejecutan tareas de descompresión de audio. Se presentan algunos resultados experimentales y análisis comparativos.

  14. Download - The Rice Growth Monitoring for The Phenotypic Functional Analysis | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available List Contact us The Rice Growth Monitoring for The Phenotypic Functional Analysis Download First of all, ple...e Policy | Contact Us Download - The Rice Growth Monitoring for The Phenotypic Functional Analysis | LSDB Archive ...

  15. 25 CFR 547.12 - What are the minimum technical standards for downloading on a Class II gaming system?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... software, files, data, and prize schedules. (2) Downloads of software, games, prize schedules, or other... accounting data. (6) The Class II gaming system or the tribal gaming regulatory authority shall log each... gaming system components to which software was downloaded; (iv) The version(s) of download package and...

  16. Download - DB-SPIRE | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available db_atom.zip (6.2 MB) Simple search and download Downlaod via FTP FTP server is sometimes jammed. If it is, a... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us DB-SPIRE Download First of all, please read the license of this database. Data names and dat...a descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents of th...e original database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow

  17. Download - KAIKOcDNA | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 4.8 KB) Simple search and download Downlaod via FTP FTP server is sometimes jammed. If it is, access [here].... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us KAIKOcDNA Download First of all, please read the license of this database. Data names and da...ta descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents of t...he original database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow

  18. Download - Budding yeast cDNA sequencing project | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us Budding yeast cDNA sequencing project Download First of all, please read the license of this... database. Data names and data descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not cor... # Data name File Simple search and download 1 README README_e.html - 2 5'-end se...quences of budding yeast full-length cDNA clones and quality scores yeast_seq_qual.zip (59.9MB) Simple search and dow

  19. Download - Open TG-GATEs | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available chments Open-tggates_AllAttribute.zip (1.8 MB) Simple search and download Downlaod via FTP FTP server is som... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us Open TG-GATEs Download First of all, please read the license of this database. Data names an...d data descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents ...of the original database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow

  20. Download - PGDBj - Ortholog DB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available bacteria) pgdbj_ortholog_db_cyanobacteria_taxon.zip (6.8 KB) Simple search and download Dow... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us PGDBj - Ortholog DB Download First of all, please read the license of this database. Data na...mes and data descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the con...tents of the original database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow

  1. Download - RGP estmap2001 | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us RGP estmap2001 Download First of all, please read the license of this database. Data names a...nd data descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents... of the original database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow...ST mapping results rgp_estmap2001_main.zip (597 B) Simple search and download 3 Details of rice EST mapping

  2. Download - RGP gmap2000 | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 2000_marker.zip (46.7 KB) Simple search and download Downlaod via FTP FTP server is sometimes jammed. If it ... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us RGP gmap2000 Download First of all, please read the license of this database. Data names and... data descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents o...f the original database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow

  3. Download - RGP gmap98 | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us RGP gmap98 Download First of all, please read the license of this database. Data names and d...ata descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents of ...the original database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow...ain.zip (355 B) Simple search and download 3 High-density linkage map information rgp_gmap98_detail.zip (37.

  4. Download - Yeast Interacting Proteins Database | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us Yeast Interacting Proteins Database Download First of all, please read the license of this d...atabase. Data names and data descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not corre... Data name File Simple search and download 1 README README_e.html - 2 Core Data o...f Yeast Interacting Proteins Database (Annotation Updated Version) core_updated.zip (77KB) Simple search and dow

  5. Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) per County Downloadable Package, US, 2013, US EPA

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This downloadable data package contains the following map layer: An ESRI polygon layer which depicts the boundaries of each US county. It has been joined with a US...

  6. EPA Facilities and Regional Boundaries Download Package, US, 2012, US EPA, SEGS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This downloadable package contains the following layers: EPA facility points, EPA region boundary polygons and EPA region boundary polygons extended to the 200nm...

  7. Download - ChIP-Atlas | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us ChIP-Atla...tory of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - ChIP-Atlas | LSDB Archive ...

  8. MODISTools – downloading and processing MODIS remotely sensed data in R

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tuck, Sean L; Phillips, Helen R.P; Hintzen, Rogier E; Scharlemann, Jörn P.W; Purvis, Andy; Hudson, Lawrence N

    2014-01-01

    ...‐daily global coverage, have been widely used for ecological applications. We present MODIST ools , an R package designed to improve the accessing, downloading, and processing of remotely sensed MODIS data...

  9. Expert Involvement Predicts mHealth App Downloads: Multivariate Regression Analysis of Urology Apps

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira-Azevedo, Nuno; Os?rio, Lu?s; Cavadas, Vitor; Fraga, Avelino; Carrasquinho, Eduardo; Cardoso de Oliveira, Eduardo; Castelo-Branco, Miguel; Roobol, Monique J.

    2016-01-01

    Background Urological mobile medical (mHealth) apps are gaining popularity with both clinicians and patients. mHealth is a rapidly evolving and heterogeneous field, with some urology apps being downloaded over 10,000 times and others not at all. The factors that contribute to medical app downloads have yet to be identified, including the hypothetical influence of expert involvement in app development. Objective The objective of our study was to identify predictors of the number of urology app...

  10. Consumer Responses to Legal Music Download Services that Compete with Illegal Alternatives

    OpenAIRE

    Michel Clement; Arvind Rangaswamy; Srikant Vadali

    2012-01-01

    Several legal music download services, including some that are free (e.g., Spotify), are now available to consumers. These services may be viewed as "new service interventions" that could potentially change the mental models of consumers toward illegal file sharing and result in fewer downloads of illegal music files. We apply the theories of planned behavior and cognitive dissonance to articulate hypotheses regarding how such new services would change mental models of consumers for illegal m...

  11. How the scientific community reacts to newly submitted preprints: article downloads, Twitter mentions, and citations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuai, Xin; Pepe, Alberto; Bollen, Johan

    2012-01-01

    We analyze the online response to the preprint publication of a cohort of 4,606 scientific articles submitted to the preprint database arXiv.org between October 2010 and May 2011. We study three forms of responses to these preprints: downloads on the arXiv.org site, mentions on the social media site Twitter, and early citations in the scholarly record. We perform two analyses. First, we analyze the delay and time span of article downloads and Twitter mentions following submission, to understand the temporal configuration of these reactions and whether one precedes or follows the other. Second, we run regression and correlation tests to investigate the relationship between Twitter mentions, arXiv downloads, and article citations. We find that Twitter mentions and arXiv downloads of scholarly articles follow two distinct temporal patterns of activity, with Twitter mentions having shorter delays and narrower time spans than arXiv downloads. We also find that the volume of Twitter mentions is statistically correlated with arXiv downloads and early citations just months after the publication of a preprint, with a possible bias that favors highly mentioned articles.

  12. How the scientific community reacts to newly submitted preprints: article downloads, Twitter mentions, and citations.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Shuai

    Full Text Available We analyze the online response to the preprint publication of a cohort of 4,606 scientific articles submitted to the preprint database arXiv.org between October 2010 and May 2011. We study three forms of responses to these preprints: downloads on the arXiv.org site, mentions on the social media site Twitter, and early citations in the scholarly record. We perform two analyses. First, we analyze the delay and time span of article downloads and Twitter mentions following submission, to understand the temporal configuration of these reactions and whether one precedes or follows the other. Second, we run regression and correlation tests to investigate the relationship between Twitter mentions, arXiv downloads, and article citations. We find that Twitter mentions and arXiv downloads of scholarly articles follow two distinct temporal patterns of activity, with Twitter mentions having shorter delays and narrower time spans than arXiv downloads. We also find that the volume of Twitter mentions is statistically correlated with arXiv downloads and early citations just months after the publication of a preprint, with a possible bias that favors highly mentioned articles.

  13. How the Scientific Community Reacts to Newly Submitted Preprints: Article Downloads, Twitter Mentions, and Citations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuai, Xin; Pepe, Alberto; Bollen, Johan

    2012-01-01

    We analyze the online response to the preprint publication of a cohort of 4,606 scientific articles submitted to the preprint database arXiv.org between October 2010 and May 2011. We study three forms of responses to these preprints: downloads on the arXiv.org site, mentions on the social media site Twitter, and early citations in the scholarly record. We perform two analyses. First, we analyze the delay and time span of article downloads and Twitter mentions following submission, to understand the temporal configuration of these reactions and whether one precedes or follows the other. Second, we run regression and correlation tests to investigate the relationship between Twitter mentions, arXiv downloads, and article citations. We find that Twitter mentions and arXiv downloads of scholarly articles follow two distinct temporal patterns of activity, with Twitter mentions having shorter delays and narrower time spans than arXiv downloads. We also find that the volume of Twitter mentions is statistically correlated with arXiv downloads and early citations just months after the publication of a preprint, with a possible bias that favors highly mentioned articles. PMID:23133597

  14. The Effects of Consumer Innovativeness on Mobile App Download: Focusing on Comparison of Innovators and Noninnovators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junseop Lee

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the new market for mobile apps, innovators, that is, early adopters of new products, have drawn attention from various researchers for their role in contributing to the success of a product. Due to the discrepancies between findings in these studies, a research framework and empirical model must be established to demonstrate how innovators affect the market for mobile apps in comparison to other types of users. To clarify the empirical basis on which innovators contribute to market development, we compare mobile app download patterns between innovators and noninnovators. Using the app download data of actual users in one of the largest app markets in Korea, we compare and analyze download behavior for a period of less than two years following their subscription to the market. The empirical analysis reveals that the download volume of innovators remains constant over a long period, while for noninnovators, volume is initially high, reflecting their interest in downloading, but it rapidly decreases thereafter. The results of this study have practical implications for companies seeking to assess the market value of innovators.

  15. Download - D-HaploDB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us D-HaploDB Download First of all, please read the license of this database. Data names and da...ta descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents of t...he original database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow...t.zip (16.6MB) Simple search and download 3 SNP List (Phase III) dhaplo_d3_snp_list.zip (23.9MB) Simple search and dow

  16. Download - BodyParts3D | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us BodyParts...del IDs and organ names (IS-A Tree) isa_parts_list_e.txt (126 KB) Simple search and download 4 Table of 3D o...rgan model IDs and organ names (PART-OF Tree) partof_parts_list_e.txt (58 KB) Sim...e search and download 7 Data describing the definition of compound organs (IS-A Tree) isa_element_parts.txt ...(1.1 MB) Simple search and download 8 Data describing the definition of compound organs (PART-OF Tree) partof_element_parts

  17. Download - ConfC | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us ConfC Dow...escriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents of the o...riginal database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow...ing confc_all.zip (14.2 KB) Simple search and download 3 Supplement data for conformation changes by some bi

  18. Download - NBDC NikkajiRDF | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...List Contact us NBDC NikkajiRDF Download First of all, please read the license of this database. Data names ...and data descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the content...s of the original database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow...C_NikkajiRDF_core.tar.gz (277 MB) - Downlaod via FTP FTP server is sometimes jamm

  19. Download - Q-TARO | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ift JIS, 89 KB) qtaro_utf8.zip (UTF-8, 89 KB) Simple search and download Downlaod via FTP FTP server is some... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ...descriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents of the ...original database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow

  20. Download - ClEST | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available nload 3 Cluster clest_cluster.zip (525 KB) Simple search and download Downlaod via FTP FTP server... English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us ClEST Dow...escriptions are about the downloadable data in this page. They might not correspond to the contents of the o...riginal database. Click the links on Data Name for descriptions of the data. # Data name File Simple search and dow

  1. Strategic Responses to the Illegal downloading of Music: A Qualitative Study

    OpenAIRE

    cooke, george matthew

    2006-01-01

    This thesis focuses upon the illegal downloading of music; this topic represents a recent, fast-changing and under-explored area. Illegal downloading is amongst the most damaging phenomena experienced by the music industry today. It is described by Densmore (2002, p1), for example, as a critical threat to a traditionally stable business sector, and by Redmond (cited in Morris, 2005, p1) as a trend which could lead to the industry as a whole, going out of business. Most sources "including the ...

  2. Digital movie piracy: A perspective on downloading behavior through social cognitive theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, Ruud; Heuvelman, A.; Tan, Maurice; Peters, O.

    2012-01-01

    This study refined and specified a model based on the application (e.g. LaRose & Kim, 2007) of social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986) to analyze and compare the behavior and attitudes exhibited by movie downloaders and to compare the number of movies they consume. The model is tested against data

  3. Current Status of Cardiovascular Disease-Related Smartphone Apps Downloadable in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Qian; Lu, Sai; Wang, Yanling; Sun, Liu; Wu, Ying

    2017-03-01

    Smartphone apps present a great opportunity for the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) as the adoption of apps becomes increasingly popular in China. Yet, little is known about the status of CVD-related Smartphone apps in the country. The aim of this study was to examine the current status of CVD-related smartphone apps available for download in China. Using CVD-related keywords written either in Chinese or English, the top 6 most popular smartphone app online stores in China were searched in September 2015. The information accountability of the selected apps was assessed with the Silberg scale. The key topic areas identified from the European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention served to determine information coverage of the top 5 downloaded apps. The average Silberg score of 151 apps was 2.87 (out of 9) with most apps not revealing authors' qualifications and information references. There was also a lack of sponsorship disclosure and information update. Moreover, none of the top 5 downloaded apps covered all key areas of CVD management as recommended by the European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention. There was little evidence of health professionals' involvement in the formation of the CVD-related apps. This study identified areas for improvement concerning information accountability and the scope of coverage of CVD-related apps downloadable in China. The findings may guide the future advancement of CVD-related apps and benefit CVD management in China.

  4. Virginia Tech takes step to stem illegal downloading of music on campus

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2004-01-01

    Virginia Tech announced its adoption of the iTunes on Campus program, joining a group of universities taking the first step to stem the illegal downloading of music by students who want to listen to music at the time and place of their choice.

  5. Music for free? How free ad-funded downloads affect consumer choice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Papies, Dominik; Eggers, Felix; Wloemert, Nils

    2011-01-01

    The market for digital content (e.g., music or movies) has been affected by large numbers of Internet users downloading content for free from illegitimate sources. The music industry has been exposed most severely to these developments and has reacted with several different online business models

  6. Selective Iterative Waterfilling for Digital Subscriber Lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Yang

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a high-performance, low-complexity, quasi-distributed dynamic spectrum management (DSM algorithm suitable for DSL systems. We analytically demonstrate that the rate degradation of the distributed iterative waterfilling (IW algorithm in near-far scenarios is caused by the insufficient utilization of all available frequency and power resources due to its nature of noncooperative game theoretic formulation. Inspired by this observation, we propose the selective IW (SIW algorithm that can considerably alleviate the performance degradation of IW by applying IW selectively to different groups of users over different frequency bands so that all the available resources can be fully utilized. For users, the proposed SIW algorithm needs at most times the complexity of the IW algorithm, and is much simpler than the centralized optimal spectrum balancing (OSB, while it can offer a rate performance much better than that of the IW and close to the maximum possible rate region computed by the OSB in realistic near-far DSL scenarios. Furthermore, its predominantly distributed structure makes it suitable for DSL implementation.

  7. Subscribe to Funding Alerts | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Fusce vehicula dolor arcu, sit amet blandit dolor mollis nec. Donec viverra eleifend lacus, vitae ullamcorper metus. Sed sollicitudin ipsum quis nunc sollicitudin ultrices. Donec euismod scelerisque ligula. Maecenas eu varius risus, eu aliquet arcu. Curabitur fermentum suscipit est, tin.

  8. Security of Publish/Subscribe Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Ion, Mihaela

    2013-01-01

    The increasing demand for content-centric applications has motivated researchers to rethink and redesign the way information is stored and delivered on the Internet. Increasingly, network traffic consists of content dissemination to multiple recipients. However, the host-centric architecture of the Internet was designed for point-to-point communication between two fixed endpoints. As a result, there is a mismatch between the current Internet architecture and current data or content-centric ap...

  9. MedlinePlus: Viewers & Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Apple QuickTime Media Player Play video and audio files on Apple operating systems. mov Apple iTunes Download NLM podcasts and applications. mp3 mp4 mov Adobe Reader Read and print Portable Document Format (PDF) from ... operating systems. mp3 wav wmz Microsoft Excel Viewer Open, view ...

  10. Adaptive Network Coded Clouds: High Speed Downloads and Cost-Effective Version Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sipos, Marton A.; Heide, Janus; Roetter, Daniel Enrique Lucani

    2018-01-01

    download speeds and reliability. Second, the ability to update coded fragments from a linear erasure code when the original file is modified. We exploit code structure to provide efficient representations of the evolution of the file. Evaluations using file changes on software library repositories show...... developed a novel scheme using recoding with limited packets to trade-off storage space, reliability, and data retrieval speed. Implementation and measurements with commercial cloud providers show that up to 9x less network use is needed compared to other network coding schemes, while maintaining similar...... providers simultaneously using network coding as the key enabling technology. Our goal is to study two challenges of network coded storage systems. First, the efficient update of the number of coded fragments per cloud in a system aggregating multiple clouds in order to boost the download speed of files. We...

  11. Del lp al mp3, dos textos para entender las complejidades de la industria de la música

    OpenAIRE

    Velásquez Puerta, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    No es fácil encontrar textos sobre la industria del disco, esta situación es paradójica si se tiene en cuenta el aprecio que la mayoría de las personas tiene por este bien cultural y los cambios que se han dado en el sector con la desmaterialización de los formatos y la piratería. Esta reseña invita a la lectura de dos textos que pueden ser complementarios para quienes buscan entender no solo el disfrute de la música en nuestros días, sino también la complejidad de los cambios que ha tenido l...

  12. 炫亮复刻——Apple iPod NANO MP3播放器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪国华

    2006-01-01

    新款Apple iPod NANO播放器来了!没错,在NANO播放器还在热销的今天,新款NANO播放器又悄然摆上了货架,而且这次它变得更加轻盈小巧,当我们还在赞赏旧款iPod NANO播放器的精致时,新款iPod NANO的出现再次刷新了我们对NANO“小巧”的理解。

  13. Why are people downloading the freeware AIDA diabetes computing software program: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Eldon D

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to report a pilot survey about why people are downloading the AIDA interactive educational diabetes simulator. AIDA is a diabetes computer program that permits the interactive simulation of plasma insulin and blood glucose profiles for teaching, demonstration, and self-learning purposes. It has been made freely available, without charge, on the Internet as a noncommercial contribution to continuing diabetes education. Since its launch in 1996 well over 200,000 visits have been logged at the main AIDA Website--www.2aida.org--and over 40,000 copies of the AIDA program have been downloaded free-of-charge. This article documents a pilot survey of comments left by Website visitors while they were downloading the AIDA software, before they had a chance to actually use the program. The overall paradigm adopted for this study has endeavored to establish why people are resorting to the Internet to obtain diabetes information. Specific intended goals of the study were: (1) to demonstrate ongoing use of the World Wide Web for surveying diabetes software users by obtaining their free-text comments; (2) to identify what sort of things people were planning to do with the AIDA software simulator; and (3) to more generally gain some insight into why people are turning to the Web for healthcare-related information. The Internet-based survey methodology was found to be robust and reliable. Over an 8-month period (from February 2, 2001 to October 1, 2001) 642 responses were received. During the corresponding period 2,248 actual visits were made to the Website survey page--giving a response rate to this pilot study of 28.6%. Responses were received from participants in over 56 countries--although over half of these (n = 343; 53.4%) originated from the United States and United Kingdom. Two hundred forty-four responses (38.0%) were received from patients with diabetes, and 73 (11.4%) from relatives of patients, with fewer responses from doctors, students

  14. Download PDF

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Since the Dutch total mesorectal excision (TME) trial1 showed that short-term radiotherapy (RT) before TME in the treatment of rectal carcinoma had an additional effect on local tumour control and overall survival, this strategy has become common in the Netherlands. The positive effect of preoperative RT on survival has ...

  15. Download PDF

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adnan A. Alrasheed

    2011-06-12

    Jun 12, 2011 ... patients about the measurements of peak expiratory flow (PEF). Objective: The aim of the study was to reveal the extent and pattern of knowledge and perception of physicians and nurses about PEFM. Methods: Out of the total primary health care centers in Kuwait; only 50% were randomly selected. A total ...

  16. Download article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Louw Hoffman

    Morgan et al., ... whether at home or in a restaurant (Huffman et al., 1996). .... retention of 12%. ..... However, with infusion this factor is not relevant, suggesting that ... The parameters used in this investigation to evaluate the colour of the raw meat, ...

  17. GUDID Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Global Unique Device Identification Database (GUDID) contains key device identification information submitted to the FDA about medical devices that have Unique...

  18. Mental health first aid guidelines: an evaluation of impact following download from the World Wide Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Laura M; Jorm, Anthony F; Paxton, Susan J; Cvetkovski, Stefan

    2012-11-01

    Mental health first aid guidelines provide the public with consensus-based information about how to assist someone who is developing a mental illness or experiencing a mental health crisis. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the usefulness and impact of the guidelines on web users who download them. Web users who downloaded the documents were invited to respond to an initial demographic questionnaire, then a follow up about how the documents had been used, their perceived usefulness, whether first-aid situations had been encountered and if these were influenced by the documents. Over 9.8 months, 706 web users responded to the initial questionnaire and 154 responded to the second. A majority reported downloading the document because their job involved contact with people with mental illness. Sixty-three web users reported providing first aid, 44 of whom reported that the person they were assisting had sought professional care as a result of their suggestion. Twenty-three web users reported seeking care themselves. A majority of those who provided first aid reported feeling that they had been successful in helping the person, that they had been able to assist in a way that was more knowledgeable, skilful and supportive, and that the guidelines had contributed to these outcomes. Information made freely available on the Internet, about how to provide mental health first aid to someone who is developing a mental health problem or experiencing a mental health crisis, is associated with more positive, empathic and successful helping behaviours. © 2012 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  19. A systematic review of smartphone applications for chronic pain available for download in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Lorraine S; Dhingra, Lara K

    2014-01-01

    A Smartphone app could be useful in aiding patients in self-monitoring and self-managing their chronic pain-related symptoms. The purpose of this study was to systematically review English-language pain-related Smartphone apps available for download in the United States. During July 2012, official Android, BlackBerry, and iPhone Smartphone app platform stores were searched. "Pain" was entered into the search-bar of each Smartphone app store. Of the pain apps meeting inclusion criteria, the following were retrieved: release date, download cost (US dollars [US $], file size, documentation of a healthcare professional's (HCP) involvement in app development, primary purpose of the app (pain education, pain self-management, or a combination of pain education and self-management), targeted pain-related condition(s), and inclusion of features that addressed four common self-monitoring and/or management strategies. Of the 220 apps meeting inclusion criteria, the majority were available through the iPhone (80.0 percent). The cost for downloading each app ranged from US $0.00 to 89.99; however, the majority of apps were ≤US $4.99. There was no evidence of HCP involvement in the development of the majority of apps (65.0 percent). Chronic, nonspecific pain was the focus of half (50.5 percent) of the apps, followed by back and/or neck pain (25.9 percent). The primary purpose of the apps was categorized as follows: pain education (n = 53, 24.1 percent), pain self-management (n = 137, 62.3 percent), and both pain education and self management (n = 30, 13.6 percent). Overall, most of the pain-related apps included within our review not only lacked evidence of HCP input regarding development but also contained few evidence-based pain management features.

  20. Emulation Based Performance Investigation of FTP File Downloads over UMTS Dedicated Channels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Teyeb, Oumer; Boussif, Malek; Sørensen, Troels Bundgaard

    2005-01-01

    The Radio Link Control (RLC) protocol of Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS) provides a link layer reliability that could mitigate the effects of the hostile radio propagation channel on packet data transmission. The RLC standard provides several mechanisms and associated parameters...... that determine the workings of this reliability scheme. In this paper, the impact of some of these schemes and parameters on the performance of FTP file downloads is investigated. The investigations are carried out using a real time emulation platform, which makes the results from this study more realistic than...

  1. Adaptive Network Coded Clouds: High Speed Downloads and Cost-Effective Version Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sipos, Marton; Heide, Janus; Lucani Rötter, Daniel Enrique

    2014-01-01

    developed a novel scheme using recoding with limited packets to trade-off storage space, reliability, and data retrieval speed. Implementation and measurements with commercial cloud providers show that up to 9x less network use is needed compared to other network coding schemes, while maintaining similar...... download speeds and reliability. Second, the ability to update coded fragments from a linear erasure code when the original file is modified. We exploit code structure to provide efficient representations of the evolution of the file. Evaluations using file changes on software library repositories show...

  2. Upload capacity and time-to-display of an image Web system during simultaneous up- and download processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergh, B; Pietsch, M; Schlaefke, A; Garcia, I; Vogl, T J

    2004-03-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the up- and download performance of an image Web system (IWS) during simultaneous up- and download procedures. Following preparatory tests, the upload capacity (UC) with and without simultaneous download and the time-to-display (TTD) with and without simultaneous upload were determined for different image, server and compression types, and with up to 16 concurrent clients. The UC varied between 1.7-5.5 Gigabyte per hour (GB/h) and was slightly influenced by a simultaneous download; however, the TTDs were substantially prolonged during an upload and only below 5 s with up to four to six concurrent clients. The choice of image and server type had a strong impact on UC and TTD. Lossy primary compression proved slightly superior. An effective UC of approximately 4.0 GB/h or 96 Gigabyte per day (GB/day) can be achieved, which appears suitable even for large institutions. Because of its substantial influence on UC and TTD during simultaneous up- and download, the server hardware should be equipped with two processors and 1 GB RAM. Lossy primary compression may be used with slight performance benefits when full-resolution images are not required. The upload is a time-demanding process, and it is possible that during peak hours the waiting times are unacceptable for clinicians.

  3. Knowledge Diffusion in ERP Development: The Case of Open Source ERP Downloads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansson, Björn

    This paper reports on an investigation of challenges in enterprise resource planning systems (ERPs) development. The investigation, conducted as interviews with executives at a major ERP software vendor, identified six challenges when developing future ERPs. The challenges are then related to a question of knowledge sharing in ERP development. The question is, can downloads of open source ERPs be seen as a knowledge sharing activity with the potential to decrease the gap between ERP developers and users of ERPs? From identified challenges and by discussing reasons for the high attention and the high numbers of download of open source ERPs, the article presents some conclusions that could act as input for future research. The paper aims at building a foundation for the basic question: In what way could knowledge sharing in ERP development be improved? The main conclusion is that challenges for future development of ERPs addressed by proprietary ERP software vendors could be one reason for the high attention among developers of open source ERPs.

  4. Measuring metrics - a 40-year longitudinal cross-validation of citations, downloads, and peer review in astrophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtz, Michael J.; Henneken, Edwin A.

    2017-03-01

    Citation measures, and newer altmetric measures such as downloads are now commonly used to inform personnel decisions. How well do or can these measures measure or predict the past, current, or future scholarly performance of an individual? Using data from the Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System we analyze the publication, citation, download, and distinction histories of a cohort of 922 individuals who received a U.S. PhD in astronomy in the period 1972-1976. By examining the same and different measures at the same and different times for the same individuals we are able to show the capabilities and limitations of each measure. Because the distributions are lognormal, measurement uncertainties are multiplicative; we show that in order to state with 95% confidence that one person's citations and downloads are significantly higher than another person's, the log difference in the ratio of counts must be at least 0.3dex, which corresponds to a multiplicative factor of 2.

  5. Are the Most Highly Cited Articles the Ones that are the Most Downloaded? A Bibliometric Study of IRRODL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raidell Avello Martínez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Publication of research, innovation, challenges and successes is of critical importance to the evolution of more effective distance education programming. Publication in peer reviewed journal format is the most prestigious and the most widespread form of dissemination in education and most other disciplines, thus the importance of understanding what is published and its impact on both researchers and practitioners. In this article we identify and classify the leading articles in arguably the leading peer reviewed journals in this discipline. The journal The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL is a peer reviewed academic journal that has been published since 2000. The journal has published between 3 and 6 issues annually with between 50 and 111 research articles per volume. In order to assess the general and the particular impact of highly cited articles this work describes the main bibliometric indicators of the IRRODL journal and these are compared with the total galley views in all formats, PDF, HTML, EPUB and MP3, that IRRODL publishes. In addition to identifying characteristics of the most widely cited articles this research determines if there is a correlation between the articles most highly cited by other publishing researchers and the number of views, indicating interest from both practitioners and research communities. The results show a significant and positive relationship between the total number of citations and the number of views received by articles published in the journal, indicating the impact of the journal extends beyond active publishers to practitioner consumers.

  6. Håndteringen af musikfiler i krydsfeltet mellem downloading og streaming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ægidius, Andreas Lenander

    fremstillingen af musikfiler som stream og stream som musikfil. Denne tilgang er desuden baseret på softwarestudiers koncepter som kulturel software og gråzonesoftware, og hvordan de bestemmer adgangen til formaternes brugspotentialer (Manovich, 2013). Softwarestudier forholder sig også til betydningsdannelse...... via softwarens prægning af håndteringen af indholdet. Jeg har hentet begreber til at undersøge den digitale remedierings konsekvenser ud fra begreberne om teknisk og kulturel transkodning (Manovich, 2001). Udbredelsen af streaming er ikke ensbetydende med en udskiftning af downloading. Teorier om...... lettest at regulere, hvis den tilbageholdes i softwarens cache. Det er denne regulerede adgang til musikfilen, der karakteriserer stream som kulturelt artefakt. Her er en markant analytisk indsigt, at en stream fremstår som tilbageholdelsen af et i forvejen tilbageholdende kulturelt artefakt. Dette gør...

  7. Downloads legais versus ilegais: como aumentar a legalidade no consumo de música?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Canongia Baeta Alvim

    Full Text Available Um grande problema da indústria fonográfica é lidar com os consumidores que fazem download de músicas pela internet de modo considerado ilegal sem pagar direitos autorais. O objetivo deste artigo é explorar quais fatores levariam ao consumidor universitário a aumentar a legalidade dos seus downloads de música. Descarregar música da internet sem pagar direitos autorais é considerado um desrespeito à propriedade intelectual, fora do léxico jurídico a denominação usual para este tipo de ato é pirataria ou falsificação. Diversos artigos na literatura acadêmica tentam compreender melhor este consumidor (TOM et al, 1998; MATOS; ITUASSU, 2005; BAZANINI et al, 2006; COSTA; SANT'ANNA, 2008 todavia nenhum teve como objetivo pesquisar diretamente aspectos mercadológicos que poderiam ser melhorados pelas empresas gravadoras de músicas de modo a transformar o cliente de pirata em cliente "legal". A abordagem deste trabalho acrescenta a experiência na internet com websites relacionados a usabilidade e marketing mix desenvolvida por Constantinides e Geurts (2005. A pesquisa tem caráter exploratório quantitativo e foi conduzida com estudantes em uma faculdade com alunos de alto poder aquisitivo. As questões foram elaboradas baseadas nos questionários de Constantinides e Geurts (2005 e Chiang e Chiang (2004 e adaptadas para o contexto brasileiro. A medida das atitudes e opiniões seguiu a abordagem monádica com uma escala de notação baseada na atração e repelência de um a sete pontos. (Évrard, Pras, & Roux, 2000, p. 256. Um modelo econométrico do tipo Probit utilizando E-Views 5 foi proposto com base nos 143 questionários preenchidos. A maior parte do consumo de música da amostra se realiza de modo ilegal e 39,86 % não admitem aumentar o consumo de downloads legais. O modelo Probit propôe que as respostas às características: Legalidade, Distribuição Inclusiva e Popularidade apresentam uma relação positiva, ou seja

  8. First-In-Flight Full-Scale Application of Active Flow Control: The XV-15 Tiltrotor Download Reduction

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nagib, Hassan M; Kiedaisch, John W; Wygnanski, Israel J; Stalker, Aaron D; Wood, Tom; McVeigh, Michael A

    2004-01-01

    ... Helicopter and Boeing under the sponsorship of the Micro-Adaptive Flow control (MAFC) program of DARPA. The over six hours of flight tests successfully achieved the two goals and documented reduction in the download forces by 9 to 14%, thereby demonstrating for the first time the aerodynamic principals of AFC extend to full-scale flight.

  9. The War over Internet Piracy: Fearing Lawsuits, College Officials Crack down on Illegal Downloading of Music and Videos on Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galuszka, Peter

    2004-01-01

    For years, recording companies have been waging a losing war against millions of Net-savvy college students who download and copy digital music or videos and sell or swap them. Many students make illegal use of high-speed computer links owned by universities as administrators catch the flak. Meanwhile, the recording industry and artists claim…

  10. Analisis Pengaruh Rx Level Terhadap Kecepatan Download Data Pada Teknologi GPRS di PT XL Axiata Tbk. Purwokerto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldina Peto Bravi

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Data transfer speed on GPRS’s technology isaffected by the present of some obstacles between sender’s side and recipient’s side. Those obstacles cause propagation loss that affect the reduction of power level value (rx level. The reduction will affect the data speed. The lower rx level’s value means the lower dataspeed. This researchwas done by doing drive test on BTS North Purwokerto and BTS Tambaksogra to measure the amount of power measured (Pr andthe download data speed on GPRS’s network. The measuredpower level (Pr was normalized to get rx level value. Regression analysis was done to get the relation between the download speed and the rx level value. Theanalysis has resulted in a model: download speed = 4.1 (rx level 0.459 , with R^2 = 0.380. Correlation analysis shows high correlationbetween rx level and download speed (r = 0.608.

  11. Detecting double compression of audio signal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Rui; Shi, Yun Q.; Huang, Jiwu

    2010-01-01

    MP3 is the most popular audio format nowadays in our daily life, for example music downloaded from the Internet and file saved in the digital recorder are often in MP3 format. However, low bitrate MP3s are often transcoded to high bitrate since high bitrate ones are of high commercial value. Also audio recording in digital recorder can be doctored easily by pervasive audio editing software. This paper presents two methods for the detection of double MP3 compression. The methods are essential for finding out fake-quality MP3 and audio forensics. The proposed methods use support vector machine classifiers with feature vectors formed by the distributions of the first digits of the quantized MDCT (modified discrete cosine transform) coefficients. Extensive experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods. To the best of our knowledge, this piece of work is the first one to detect double compression of audio signal.

  12. Design and Implementation of High Interaction Client Honeypot for Drive-by-Download Attacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akiyama, Mitsuaki; Iwamura, Makoto; Kawakoya, Yuhei; Aoki, Kazufumi; Itoh, Mitsutaka

    Nowadays, the number of web-browser targeted attacks that lead users to adversaries' web sites and exploit web browser vulnerabilities is increasing, and a clarification of their methods and countermeasures is urgently needed. In this paper, we introduce the design and implementation of a new client honeypot for drive-by-download attacks that has the capacity to detect and investigate a variety of malicious web sites. On the basis of the problems of existing client honeypots, we enumerate the requirements of a client honeypot: 1) detection accuracy and variety, 2) collection variety, 3) performance efficiency, and 4) safety and stability. We improve our system with regard to these requirements. The key features of our developed system are stepwise detection focusing on exploit phases, multiple crawler processing, tracking of malware distribution networks, and malware infection prevention. Our evaluation of our developed system in a laboratory experiment and field experiment indicated that its detection variety and crawling performance are higher than those of existing client honeypots. In addition, our system is able to collect information for countermeasures and is secure and stable for continuous operation. We conclude that our system can investigate malicious web sites comprehensively and support countermeasures.

  13. Understanding smartphone users' awareness of security and privacy in downloading third-party applications - A survey in UK and Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Kawakubo, Noriko

    2013-01-01

    Smartphones have gained a high popularity worldwide. Many of smartphone users utilize the feature which allows downloading third-party applications to fully enjoy the capabilities of smartphones. Smartphone users' profiles can vary widely, from teenagers who heavily use social network applications to someone who fully makes use of many different types of applications which utilize various technologies a smartphone offers. Meanwhile, there have been many reports about malicious applications. T...

  14. Public-Private Partnership: Joint recommendations to improve downloads of large Earth observation data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandran, R.; Murphy, K. J.; Baynes, K.; Lynnes, C.

    2016-12-01

    With the volume of Earth observation data expanding rapidly, cloud computing is quickly changing the way Earth observation data is processed, analyzed, and visualized. The cloud infrastructure provides the flexibility to scale up to large volumes of data and handle high velocity data streams efficiently. Having freely available Earth observation data collocated on a cloud infrastructure creates opportunities for innovation and value-added data re-use in ways unforeseen by the original data provider. These innovations spur new industries and applications and spawn new scientific pathways that were previously limited due to data volume and computational infrastructure issues. NASA, in collaboration with Amazon, Google, and Microsoft, have jointly developed a set of recommendations to enable efficient transfer of Earth observation data from existing data systems to a cloud computing infrastructure. The purpose of these recommendations is to provide guidelines against which all data providers can evaluate existing data systems and be used to improve any issues uncovered to enable efficient search, access, and use of large volumes of data. Additionally, these guidelines ensure that all cloud providers utilize a common methodology for bulk-downloading data from data providers thus preventing the data providers from building custom capabilities to meet the needs of individual cloud providers. The intent is to share these recommendations with other Federal agencies and organizations that serve Earth observation to enable efficient search, access, and use of large volumes of data. Additionally, the adoption of these recommendations will benefit data users interested in moving large volumes of data from data systems to any other location. These data users include the cloud providers, cloud users such as scientists, and other users working in a high performance computing environment who need to move large volumes of data.

  15. Articles Published and Downloaded by Public Health Scientists: Analysis of Data From the CDC Public Health Library, 2011-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iskander, John; Bang, Gail; Stupp, Emma; Connick, Kathy; Gomez, Onnalee; Gidudu, Jane

    2016-01-01

    To describe scientific information usage and publication patterns of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Public Health Library and Information Center patrons. Administratively collected patron usage data and aggregate data on CDC-authored publications from the CDC Library for 3 consecutive years were analyzed. The CDC Public Health Library and Information Center, which serves CDC employees nationally and internationally. Internal patrons and external users of the CDC Library. Three-year trends in full-text article publication and downloads including most common journals used for each purpose, systematic literature searches requested and completed, and subscriptions to a weekly public health current literature awareness service. From 2011 to 2013, CDC scientists published a total of 7718 articles in the peer-reviewed literature. During the same period, article downloads from the CDC Library increased 25% to more than 1.1 million, completed requests for reviews of the scientific literature increased by 34%, and electronic subscriptions to literature compilation services increased by 23%. CDC's scientific output and information use via the CDC Library are both increasing. Researchers and field staff are making greater use of literature review services and other customized information content delivery. Virtual public health library access is an increasingly important resource for the scientific practice of public health.

  16. MP3s, rebundled debt, and performative economics: deferral, derivatives, and digital commodity fetishism in Lady Gaga’s spectacle of excess

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kustritz, A.

    2012-01-01

    Lady Gaga’s rise to fame in the wake of the global financial crisis highlights the contradictions of late late capitalism in both the financial sector and the music industry. Both Gaga and second level economic units like derivatives rely on deferral, parody, and an ever-widening gap between the

  17. Are You Listening to Me? Space, Context and Perspective in the Regulation of Mp3 Players and Cell Phones in Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domitrek, Julie; Raby, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    Recently, there has been much media coverage about cell phone and personal music player usage in schools, including in the Toronto and Whitton regions. However, there is little literature on how students and teachers view rules on the use of such electronic devices. Using data gathered from focus groups with students in Toronto and Whitton and…

  18. Side-channel Analysis of Subscriber Identity Modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    12 ADF application dedicated file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 ADN Abbreviated Dialing...storage are the Abbreviated Dialing Numbers ( ADN ) and Last Numbers Dialed (LND) files. The ADN file contains 5 standard phonebook-style name-number

  19. 47 CFR 76.503 - National subscriber limits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... partnership and the relevant entity so certifies. An interest in a Limited Liability Company (“LLC”) or... and Order, FCC No. 99-288, CS Docket No. 98-82 (released October 20, 1999). In order for the... of a parent company of a video-programming business, with an attributable interest in any such...

  20. Alien Crosstalk Cancellation for Multipair Digital Subscriber Line Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ginis George

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available An overview of alien crosstalk cancellation for DSL systems with multiple pairs is here presented. It is shown that when a common crosstalk source affects the receivers of multiple pairs, the noise exhibits a certain correlation among the pairs. In a DMT system, the frequency-domain noise samples are most strongly correlated between pairs when they correspond to the same tone. Thus, noise decorrelation algorithms applied independently for each tone can provide significant performance enhancements. Three possible methods are described for noise decorrelation, one is suitable for two-sided coordination and two are suited for receiver coordination among the pairs. It is theoretically proven that the data-rate performance of these three methods is identical from the perspective of the sum rate over all pairs. Simulation results corresponding to an ADSL2+ two-pair system with a T1 disturber are presented to illustrate the noise correlation property and to indicate the potential performance benefits.

  1. Publish and Subscribe Pattern for Designing Demand Driven Supply Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Gnimpieba Zanfack, David,; Nait-Sidi-Moh, Ahmed; Durand, David; Fortin, Jérôme

    2015-01-01

    Part 2: Assessment Approaches; International audience; Logistic flows, business process management and collaboration remain a major problem in the supply chain. In this article we are going through this issue to propose an integrative and collaborative approach. More precisely, we develop a cloud-based and service-oriented bus for business interoperability for logistic flows. Though the bus, we define protocols and standards allowing the integration of data formats which are for the most prop...

  2. Using Publish-Subscribe Messaging for System Status and Automation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Danford S.

    2015-01-01

    The NASA Goddard Mission Services Evolution Center (GMSEC) system is a message-based plug-and-play open system architecture used in many of NASA mission operations centers. This presentation will focus on the use of GMSEC standard messages to report and analyze the status of a system and enable the automation of the system's components. In GMSEC systems, each component reports its status using a keep-alive message and also publishes status and activities as log messages. In addition, the components can accept functional directive messages from the GMSEC message bus. Over the past several years, development teams have found ways to utilize these messages to create innovative display pages and increasingly sophisticated approaches to automation. This presentation will show the flexibility and value of the message-based approach to system awareness and automation.

  3. CERN Vista pilot available! Subscribe to the Vista seminar!

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Windows Vista became a supported operating system at CERN in mid-August 2007. A tour of the new features and review of the special hardware requirements has already been made, in the June and September issues of the CERN Computer Newsletter: http://cerncourier.com/cws/article/cnl/31099 http://cerncourier.com/cws/article/cnl/30298 The Vista documentation is also available on the WinServices site: http://cern.ch/winservices/Help/?kbid=020201 All new PCs available at the CERN Stores are now compliant with Vista requirements. We therefore encourage users to install Vista on those computers. Users who currently have Windows XP might check whether their PC is compliant with CERN recommendations by visiting the following page: https://cern.ch/WinServices/Services/ComputerAccounts/ComputerAccountStatus.aspxwhere the green box on the right side of the screen is a result of the Vista Readiness check performed. The IT/IS group have prepared a dedicated training s...

  4. TV Broadcast Efficiency in 5G Networks from Subscriber Prospective

    KAUST Repository

    Lau, Chun Pong

    2015-12-06

    The flexibility of radio access network facilitated by 5G networks opens the gateway of deploying dynamic strategies for broadcasting TV channels in an efficient way. Currently, spectrum efficiency and bandwidth efficiency are the two common metrics measuring the efficiency of a system. These metrics assess the net bitrate for a unit of spectrum bandwidth. However, there is a lack of measurement, quantifying the effectiveness of a broadcasting strategy from the user perspective. In this paper, we introduce a novel measurement approach, called broadcast efficiency which considers the mobile user as a main reference. Broadcast efficiency is calculated as the number of served audiences per unit of radio resource. From numerical analysis, we show that broadcasting unpopular TV channels dramatically decreases the broadcast efficiency. This finding is evaluated by employing multiple distributions on the size of audience among TV channels. Furthermore, by conducting a real-life simulation, we discover that a high broadcast efficiency may result in a low percentage of served audiences if the audiences of TV channels are quite evenly distributed.

  5. Design and development of a unified subscribers' SIM registration ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Compulsory SIM registration in Nigeria started in 2008 in response to several mobile crimes being perpetrated by fraudsters and also to improve service delivery. The decentralized systems currently in use in the country lack flexibility to register heterogeneous SIM cards and encourage multiple registrations. This work, the ...

  6. The Comparison of Distributed P2P Trust Models Based on Quantitative Parameters in the File Downloading Scenarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingpei Wang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Varied P2P trust models have been proposed recently; it is necessary to develop an effective method to evaluate these trust models to resolve the commonalities (guiding the newly generated trust models in theory and individuality (assisting a decision maker in choosing an optimal trust model to implement in specific context issues. A new method for analyzing and comparing P2P trust models based on hierarchical parameters quantization in the file downloading scenarios is proposed in this paper. Several parameters are extracted from the functional attributes and quality feature of trust relationship, as well as requirements from the specific network context and the evaluators. Several distributed P2P trust models are analyzed quantitatively with extracted parameters modeled into a hierarchical model. The fuzzy inferring method is applied to the hierarchical modeling of parameters to fuse the evaluated values of the candidate trust models, and then the relative optimal one is selected based on the sorted overall quantitative values. Finally, analyses and simulation are performed. The results show that the proposed method is reasonable and effective compared with the previous algorithms.

  7. Perceived quality and it’s impacts on satifaction, trust and loyalty: a study in eletronic retailers of free download services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo de Paula Baptista

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This work aims at evaluating the opinion of the consumers about the quality of the services offered by toll-free download websites and at assessing the corresponding influence in terms of loyalty, satisfaction and trust toward the sites. The final sample collected consists of 5.793 users who use download websites. To analyze the data, conventional techniques of univariated statistics and the technique of modeling of structural equations were used. The results thus obtained have confirmed three of the six hypotheses that had been defined a priori, demonstrating that satisfaction has direct and positive effects on loyalty and trust and that perceived quality has direct effects on satisfaction. Three other hypotheses have been rejected, indicating that neither quality nor trust have direct effects on loyalty and that quality alsodoes not directly influence trust.

  8. THE COMPARISON OF DESCRIPTIVE TEXT WRITING ABILITY USING YOU TUBE DOWNLOADED VIDEO AND SERIAL PICTURES AT THE STUDENTS’OF SMPN 2 METROACADEMIC YEAR 2012/2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Bayu Pramanca

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This research discusses about how two different techniques affect the students’ ability in descriptive text at SMP N 2 Metro. The objectives of this research are (1 to know the difference result of using YouTube Downloaded Video and Serial Pictures media toward students’ writing ability in descriptive text and (2 to know which one is more effective of students’ writing ability in descriptive text instruction between learning by using YouTube Downloaded Video and Serial Pictures media. The implemented method is quantitative research design in that both researchers use true experimental research design. In this research , experimental and control class pre-test and post test are conducted. It is carried out at the first grade of SMP N 2 Metro in academic year 2012/2013. The population in this research is 7 different classes with total number of 224 students. 2 classes of the total population are taken as the samples; VII.1 students in experimental class and VII.2 students  in control class by using cluster random sampling technique.  The instruments of the research are tests, treatment and post-test. The data analyzing procedure uses t-test  and results the following output. The result of ttest is 3,96 and ttable  is 2,06. It means that tcount > ttable with the criterion of ttest is Ha is accepted if tcount  > ttable. So, there is any difference result of students’ writing ability using YouTube Downloaded Video and Serial Pictures Media. However; Youtube Downloaded Video media is more effective media than Serial Pictures media toward students’ writing ability. This research is consistent with the previous result of the studies and thus this technique is  recommended to use in writing instruction especially in descriptive text in order that students may feel fun and enjoy during the  learning process.

  9. Download - PGDBj Registered plant list, Marker list, QTL list, Plant DB link & Genome analysis methods | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available List Contact us PGDBj Registered plant list, Marker list, QTL list, Plant DB link & Genome analysis methods ...t_db_link_en.zip (36.3 KB) - 6 Genome analysis methods pgdbj_dna_marker_linkage_map_genome_analysis_methods_... of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Download - PGDBj Registered plant list, Marker list, QTL list, Plant DB link & Genome analysis methods | LSDB Archive ...

  10. Coastal Changes in Temperature and Salinity Observed during Hurricane Isaac Recorded and Downloaded by NASA DRIFTERs Moored in Heron Bay and at Half Moon Island, Louisiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalcic, Maria; Iturriaga, Rodolfo H.; Kuper, Philip D.; O'Neal, Stanford Duane; Underwood, Lauren; Fletcher, Rose

    2012-01-01

    Major changes in salinity (approx.14 ppt.) and temperature (approx.40C) were continuously registered by two prototype NASA DRIFTERs, surface moored floaters, that NASA's Applied Science and Technology Project Office (ASTPO) has developed. The DRIFTER floating sensor module is equipped with an Arduino open-source electronics prototyping platform and programming language (http://www.arduino.cc), a GPS (Global Positioning System) module with antenna, a cell phone SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) card and a cellular antenna which is used to transmit data, and a probe to measure temperature and conductivity (from which salinity can be derived). The DRIFTER is powered by a solar cell panel and all the electronic components are mounted and sealed in [ waterproof encasement. Position and measurement data are transmitted via short message service (SMS) messaging to a Twitter site (DRIFTER 002@NASADRIFTER_002 and DRIFTER 004@NASADRIFTER_004), which provides a live feed. These data are the imported into a Google spreadsheet where conductivity is converted to salinity, and graphed in real-time. The spreadsheet data will be imported into a webpage maintained by ASTPO, where it will be displayed available for dO\\\\1lload.

  11. Podcasting of Health Sciences Lectures: Benefits for Students from a Non-English Speaking Background

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearce, Karma; Scutter, Sheila

    2010-01-01

    Podcasting in higher education is the presentation of study material in digital format that can be downloaded as audio or video files onto a MP3 player or computer. These files can then be accessed anywhere and at any time students choose. The use of podcasting is now widespread amongst undergraduate students, yet their application to the specific…

  12. Digitize This: The Cultural Studies e-Archive Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Gary

    2004-01-01

    Napster, a program for sharing MP3 files, has transformed the way music files are shared over the Internet. In its heyday, anyone looking for free music just had to search Napster's database for the artists or songs they wanted and download them for free. Because of its operations, Napster was successfully sued for violation of copyright and has…

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-06-08

    Jun 8, 2009 ... The present qualitative study explores smokers' perceptions of fear appeal messages used in anti-smoking advertising. Focus group discussions were conducted with male and female smokers from Gauteng. A thematic analysis found that participants negatively viewed advertisements that use unrealistic ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR TONUKARI NYEROVWO

    2011-04-11

    Apr 11, 2011 ... Pulsed-Field Gel. Electrophoresis (PFGE) was further applied for the determination of the genetic relationships between. S. aureus isolates. It was striking to .... On the other hand, S. aureus evolved resistance to antimicrobial .... was em- ployed for determination of MICs of selected antimicrobial agents.

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    akg

    11, 2006. 23 extraction with aqueous alkaline solution followed by distillation. Ceric ammonium nitrate was used without further purification. Dextrin was used without further purification. Dextrin was prepared from cassava starch using 20%. (v/v) hydrochloric acid12. Cassava starch. (20.0g) was moistened with 5ml of dilute.

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    function in nature is food (Goff, 1 995). The consumption statistics show that about 94% of the. World milksupply ... The can was removed from the water bath and shaken vigorously every 15 minutes. It was then allowed ..... carries oxygen in blood (Cook, 1983). 4. Conclusion - -. This preliminary study has demonstrated that.

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    Evy George is in private practice in Windhoek, Namibia. Her research focuses on education and psychology. Daniël Louw is Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of the Free State. He has published books on human development and psychology and his research focuses on community psychology ...

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    ansistf-lewis

    Male broiler performance and nocturnal feeding under constant 8-h or 16-h photoperiods, and various increasing ... superior to constant 16-h birds. Constant 8-h birds ate about half ... with males, and an earlier one with females (Lewis & Gous, 2007), compared the performance of two genotypes of broiler maintained on 8- ...

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    USER

    Chak A, Cooper GS, Blades EW, Canto M, Sivak. MV. Prospective assessment of colonoscopic intubation skills in trainees. Gastrointest Endosc. 1996;44:54-7. 12. Harewood GC. Relationship of colonoscopy completion rates and endoscopist features. Dig. Dis Sci 2005;50:47-51. 13. Anderson JC, Gonzalez JD, Messina CR ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADVANCE PROVISION OF ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES TO FAMILY PLANNING CLIENTS IN KENYA. J. Stanback, MA, PhD, Family Health International, P.O Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA, Z. P. Qureshi, MBBS, MMed and C. Sekkade-Kigondu. PhD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    selection, while the control line was intermediate to the selected lines for bodyweight. The results indicate that the base population is amenable to improvement through selection. Key words:body weight, high line, low line, control line, Japanese quails. INTRODUCTION. Artificial selection has been identified as one of the ...

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    USER

    2015-10-08

    Oct 8, 2015 ... Results from the survey indicate a significant improvement in the security challenge posed by .... The primary source of information used in ..... The Effect of Socio-. Economic Survival of Okada Riders on African Cultural Values. Journal of Human Social Science, Arts and. Humanities, 12(14): 45-52. Oyesiku ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    agriculture should include aspects on herbaluse and, conservation and preservation methods to ensure continuity of the available medicinal plants and the sustainability of using ethno-veterinary medicine by the smallholder cattle producing farmers. Key words cattle, ethno-veterinary medicine, parasites, smallholder.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Esem

    Decline in cognitive functioning more often than not affects the quality of life. The affects are three fold. Firstly hypertension itself leads to a change in lifestyle as patients must take steps to try and control the blood pressure levels. 8. This usually means a change in diet (i.e. decrease salt intake), and an increase in physical ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2004-02-28

    paediatric care for Ilesa and its environs. From March. 1, 2002 to February 28, 2004, children aged below 15 years admitted consecutively withburns to the ward were prospectively studied. Inclusion criteria were fresh burns of less than six hours duration, partial thickness (deep dermal) burns covering between 15 and 25 ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    survey of burn injuries in rural southern. 1PO. Box 648, Mekele, Tigray, Ethiopia;. 2Cente for lntemational Health, University of '. Bergen, Bergen; Norway. Ethiopia estimated the lifetime incidence of burns amongwomen of reproductive age to be. 11% (5). Two retrospective analyses of paediatric inpatients showed that burns.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery Unit, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, ... due to ugly scarss'w. in pediatric surgical prac- ..... or burn? Regan Rep Nurs Law 1996, 37:4. Hoffman 8. Reduction mammaplasty: a medico- legal hazard? Aesthetic Plast Surg 1987, 11:113. Frishman GN, Schwartz T, ...

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    AJTCAM

    Dried flowers and buds of Sophora japonica (Huaihua) are used in China, Japan and Korea for treating haematemesis and bleeding haemorrhoids. This study compared the clinical safety and efficacy of a Sophora flower formula with a placebo for the conservative treatment of symptomatic haemorrhoids. The study was a ...

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    Dr Francis

    Tethyan group of Syntrichia (Pottiaceae, Bryophyta): The S. caninervis complex. Systematic Botany 27 (4): 643-653. Kürschner HF (2000) Bryophyte flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra. Bryoph. Bibl. 55: 1-131. Magill RE (1976) Mosses of Big Bend National Park, Texas. The Bryologist 79: 269-295. Magill RE (1981) ...

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    Nicky

    injury by direct force (crush) and by temporary cavitation. (stretch).5 The latter may cause stretching of the artery not unlike popliteal artery injury associated with blunt knee dislo- cation.4,6,7 This may result in complete arterial disruption or a circumferential tear of the inelastic intima, subintimal dissec- tion with flap formation ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    vacuo to give a crude product which could be recrystallised from dichloromethane-hexane gave 4 as colourless needles 10g (30%), mp. 95-96°C. IR. (KBr): 3490, 3400, 3380 (NH, NH), 3000, 1705. (CaO), 1640, (C=O, amide), 1620, 1240, 760,. 700cm'. 'H NMR: (CDC) & = 1.55 (s, 6H, 2 x. CH), 2.23 (s, 3H, COCH), 5.50 (brs, ...

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    vCJD))nr new valiant Creutzfeldt Jakob Dianne. (WCW) is a me and fatal. 'like- ..... BSE crisis Science 278:245-251. Gee, 110996). Molecular evolution of prions. Nature 9 (3); 278-282. Levy, AI., Conrat, HF, Owens, RA. (1997). virology 3f“ edition ...

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    test was discarded and the exercise repeated after correction of any presumed errors. PoloPlus software package (version 1.0, LeOra Software, 2002-2006) was used to determine LC50 from the dosage mortality .... to some chemical products emanating from the factory since its opening over 10 years ago. Whatever the.

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    There is, however, lack of sufficient information to scale the magnitude of rabies among domestic animals and also humans in the country. In this retrospective study we report the magnitude of rabies as seen in the Ethiopian Health and. Nutrition Research Institute (EHNRI) Zoonoses. Laboratory over the period 19902000.

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    School of Biological Sciences. University of C ape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana. ABSTRACT. Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner was isolated from dead Sesamia calamistis Hampson (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae collected from maize farms in Cape Coast, Ghana. Spores produced from the vegetative cells were incorporated ...

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    2005-02-24

    Feb 24, 2005 ... world annual production from Africa. Despite its importance ... malts increased with malting time, as all the varieties exhibited maximal amylase activity at day four of germination. Fingers millet malt ... The extract yield varied from 1.47°L/kg - 39.46°L/kg for cold water extract and 27-38"L/kg to 152 "L/kg for hot ...

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    I. Khalaf Editor

    www.ees.elsevier.com/afju · www.sciencedirect.com. Editorial. African Journal of Urology: Continuing progress. The African Journal of Urology was first published in 1995 as the official journal of the PAUSA, through Springer Veralg Paris as three issues per year; and then since 2000 it has been coming out every 3.

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    In general our findings are similar to bladder cancer in other schistosomal endemic regions of Africa. Keywords: ... Special stains were cmployed where necessary. Classification and grading were based on WHO histological typ- .... der in: Bailey and Love's short practice of surgery. 22nd ed. Arnold publishers, London 1995.

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    , version. 9.02, Echo. Soft Corp, USA, 1998. Student's t- test was used for comparison between the two groups and the Spearman correlation test was used to! study the association between each two parameters or variables among each group.

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    2010-04-14

    Apr 14, 2010 ... practical theology regarded as useful. When Van der Ven's book was released. I was impressed by his methodology and research strategy. In order to be on a par with other sciences, especially the social sciences, theology must be empirical, according to Van der Ven. The scientific character of practical.

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    IKENNA

    Abstract: This study examines the ancestral dream, an element of ancestor veneration that has persisted, in African religious life since the arrival of their enslaved ancestors in this country. Although changes have occurred in ancestor veneration, this study demonstrates its continued importance in maintaining harmonious ...

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    Hudu

    morphological units in Dagbani, a Gur language of Ghana. These units have been described at different levels ... This is not the first study to use phonological processes to define the Dagbani phono- logical word. Similar previous studies ...... it a complete word and opaque to NPA. This opacity is observed even in cases of ...

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    arc torch) consists of a hand held apparatus made of two ('twin') carbon or graphite electrodes whose distance from each other (so its arc) is operator controlled. The power of this type of torch comes from an AC or DC are welder. - quite common ...

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    AJL

    Plant species growing in and around 38 metal welding workshops in Benin City, Nigeria, were surveyed. Eragrostis tenella occurred most frequently in all the sites, followed by Amaranthus spinosus, Eleusine indica, while Cucurbita pepo occurred least. The family Poaceae, was identified in all the sites visited.

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    USER

    2015-01-30

    Jan 30, 2015 ... Abstract. The ob ective of this research is to assess the livelihood diversification of the rural farmers in. Kwara State. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample communities from which a total of 160 households were randomly selected for the study. Both quantitative and qualitative ...

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    MIN

    2005-09-01

    Sep 1, 2005 ... Clinics in Mother and Child Health Vol 3, N° 1, April 2006. 509. DISCLOSURE OF HIV ... Accepted in revised form 20 February 2006) Clin Mother Child Health 2006; Vol 3, N° 1 : 509-512. 1 Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and ..... socialization that are important to their development. Those with HIV infection ...

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    child in the home and the family. This role in- volves primarily a source of emotional warmth, comfort and socialization for the child. A loss of parent or both parents through death or long sepa- ration usually has a negative impact on the behav- iour ofthe growing child especially where there is no appropriate substitute.

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    Preferred Customer

    charge transport and (v) charge collection (electronic) or electrochemical fuel production. .... Then 10 mL of methanol was added to this mixture and stirred for 2 h. The methanol was dried and the product was dissolve in dichloromethane and recrystallized in hexane which gave the product. Yield 0.8 g. (2.5 mmol 90%).

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    drinie

    2002-04-02

    Apr 2, 2002 ... in the cities. As it was for Group 1, pasteurised milk was the most common product. Other products include UHT milk, sterilised milk, low fat milk, sour milk, condensed milk, milk powder, cheese, fresh cream, butter, buttermilk, yoghurt and cultured cream. Only one of the respondents produces powdered milk.

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    ZINOX

    INTRODUCTION. Hyphema simply means blood in the anterior chamber of the eye . Hyphema is a common complication of a variety of ocular diseases especially ocular injuries, diabetes mellitus and sickle cell disease. Visual outcome and rate of resulting complications are objective means of assessing the success of ...

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    USER

    The interplay between a drug's affinity for plasma proteins, defined by the dissociation constant Kd, and the maximum plasma protein binding capacity, defined by B , contribute to ..... Undersea Biomed. Res. 7: 47-60. ORLOWSKI, J.P. (1984): My kingdom for an intravenous line. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 138 ...

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    experiment in this study. This study has proved that protein is spared for growth of H. longifilis when the ratios of protein/lipid and protein/carbohydrates in its diets are appropriately combined,. Acknowledgement: I wish to acknowledge the Federal . Government of Nigeria for providing fund for my. Ph.D research work. *.

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    GB

    2016-11-06

    Nov 6, 2016 ... The absorbance of standard and sample were measured against reagent blank. Calculation for end point test. GLUCOSE CONC. mg/dL = Absorbance of sample / Absorbance of standard X 100 (5). ESTIMATION OF SOD (SUPEROXIDE. DISMUTASE). BY. NBT. (NITROBLUETETRAZOLIUM METHOD).

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    allows psychological and genetic counseling for the family. Karyotype analysis is recommended for all girls with ... Genetic evaluation of proportionate short stature in Alexandria, Egypt. introDUction. Adequate lengthening of the skeleton is ... measurement are essential. Arm span to height ratio (around 1.0 at all ages), to-.

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    rme

    counseling. Patients and Methods: This study included 20 cases of SEMDs diagnosed by clinical and radiological findings. Cases were classified based on additional associated clinical ... evaluation in addition to comprehensive radiological investigations for such group of disorders. ... mode of inheritance, development.

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    Vera

    In many developing countries, antenatal care (ANC) is the only time women make contact with the health care. 3 ... counseling for a safe birth . Antenatal care services also provide a unique opportunity not ... certain baseline measurements such as blood pressure, body mass index and urinalysis done at this gestational.

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    than the critical value required to trigger algal blooms or create overpopulation of aquatic vegetation. Hence, the ecological integrity of the reservoir is perturbed and fish species which were once a known products have been extinct from the reservoir. KEY WORDS: Algal blooms, Eutrophication, water reservoir, Nutrient.

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    En-Joy

    The control of overpopulation in dogs and cats is a problem well recognized all over the world. Although there are no regulations over animals adoption in. Nigeria, most foreigners often present adopted cats and dogs for gonadectomy to ensure that they do not reproduce at home. Although the cat in this report was spayed.

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    USER

    2015-10-22

    Oct 22, 2015 ... planting, reduction in the overpopulation of cities, proper conditions of automobiles, environmentally friendly alternatives to fuels and a plethora of other options for the realization of the dream of a clean environment. References. Abam, F.I. and Unachukwu, G.O. (2009). Vehicular emission and air quality.

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    Other factors include deforestation, overpopulation, overgrazing, uncontrolled farming practices and the planting of eucalyptus trees (Lohman, 1990; Ayonghe, 1998; Amawa, 2001). Environmental changes have led to irregular and/or low precipitation patterns (Ayonghe,. 2001). Over the last few decades, these changes ...

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    scarcity, high population density and natural resources depletion are all major causes of food insecurity. In developing countries, there is overpopulation and overexploitation of natural resources leading to grinding poverty and environmental deterioration (see. Plate 2). Plate 2: Negative impact of deforestation and climate ...

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    GB

    2017-07-04

    Jul 4, 2017 ... included). Proposals may be submitted up to 36 months following article publication. After 36 months the data will be available in our University's data warehouse but without investigator support other than deposited metadata. Information regarding submitting proposals and accessing data may be found.

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    EGOLUM

    2011-12-22

    244-50. 20. Hussain AM and Khan FA. Anesthetic reasons for cancellation of elective surgical in patients on the day of surgery in a teaching hospital. Journal Pakistan Medical. Association 2005; 55:374-8. 21. Paschoal ML and ...

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    (Eph. 2:12), far from Christ and without God in the world (Eph. 2:12), are now alive (Eph. 2:5), ..... unity of faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to the mature man, ..... the presence, power, agency and riches of Christ. 10 I suppose the ...

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    Genetic mapping of early bulking in a full-sib population of cassava was continued in a selfed family of 268 cassava plants derived from a single progeny of the full-sib population. The pseudo F, population was analysed with 122 segregating SSR markers. A previously constructed linkage map of cassava consisting of 22 ...

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    matthew

    2014-09-12

    Sep 12, 2014 ... Abstract. This study set out to ascertain the effect of process approach to writing on senior secondary students' achievement in writing in Plateau Central Senatorial District. The study also examined the differential effect of process approach to writing on male and female students' achievement in writing.

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    USER

    2016-09-07

    Sep 7, 2016 ... levels, gender and family circle. The amounts of limitations imposed by these recreational constraints vary from one person to another and often from .... passive indoor activities like watching movies and listening to radio while the larger percent (36.75 %) partake in various outdoor recreation activities. This.

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    Prof. Dennis Ocholla

    Green bowling, is well known in many circles of life as the sport of the aged, also known colloquially among. African urban communities as (Umdlalo womagrizza) ... passive recreation activity, it emerged from Figure 4 above that watching television (247 f = 95.1%) and radio listening. (129 f = 49.6%) were the most preferred ...

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    User

    on African Traditional poems and finally, stylistic analysis of 'Salute to the Elephant'. Linguistic Deviances and ... Traditional Grammar. African Traditional Poems. Poetry in one form or another is a cultural heritage of almost all peoples, whether or not they have a rational conception of what it is. (Senanu and Vincent 9).

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    Tracie1

    Universal Grammar is a set of violable constraints and that language-specific ... research work therefore, attempts to analyze how this ... changing meaning. Lieber (2009:158) states that allomorphs are phonologically distinct variants of the same morpheme. By phonologically distinct, it means that they have similar but.

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    NGOZI

    Rivalry and enmity are phenomena that seem to have permeated the Nigerian music industry, especially the hip hop genre. In this regard, Nigerian hip hop artistes employ language to demonstrate their superiority over one another. A strategy employed by Nigerian hip hop artistes to assert their differences and superiority is ...

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    user

    produced the first Ewe grammar and Ewe dictionary respectively. Similarly, Zimmermann made an impressive ..... Results of questionnaires and analysis of songs. In all, 30 questionnaires were administered, .... therefore issues such as a definition of music may appear irrelevant, Doggett's (2009: 401) definition of music as ...

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    PRO

    1,2,3 Department of Chemistry, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana ... most of the physico-chemical parameters of the streams were below the World Health Organization (WHO) limits recommended for drinking ..... addition, rock weathering and solid dissolution known to be very important determinants to dissolved solids.

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    evaluation of Cattle and the collection of Jangali taxes on cattle herds from cattle Owners. A Jangali taxis a government levy of 350 CFA perhead of cattle per year. ..... Jurgen Richter et al. (eds). Feldafing, Germany : Deutsche Stiftung für internationale Entwicklung. NJI, AJAGA and MATHIAS FRUFONTEH (2002) :.

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    GB

    respondents used emergency contraception. Table 3: Contraceptive knowledge and practice of female undergraduates in EKSU. Variable. Frequency. Percentage. Aware of at least one contraceptive method? 306. 100.0. Current Contraceptive usage,* n=186. Male condom. Oral contraceptive pills. Natural methods.

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    INTRODUCTION: Morning after pill is one of the emergency contraception methods. It is a drug used after unprotected or inadequately protected acts of sexual intercourse to prevent unwanted pregnancies (1). It is thus a method used after the coitus and before pregnancy appears and hence not abortifacient. Research on ...

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    Shava, S., Mtetwa, D., Muzawazi, R.F., Stiles, K., Nhamo, G., Magava, M. & Mabvakure, T. (2000). Draft Discussion Document on the Proposed National Environmental Education Policy for. Zimbabwe. Environmental Education Policy Working Group Report: Zimbabwe. Environmental Education Consultative Forum. SADC.

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    Peter Donald

    Parity. 0. 98. 34.3. 1. 48. 16.8. 2. 38. 13.3. 3. 36. 12.6. 4. 34. 11.9. >/=5. 32. 11.2. Booking Status. Unbooked. 208. 72.7. Booked. 78. 27.3. Gestation at delivery ... Congenital anomaly. 3. 1.0. Total. 286. 100. DISCUSSION. The major finding in this study was a stillbirth rate of. 59.58/1000.Most cases were unbooked, and born.

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    Kursat Ozdilli

    2011-05-23

    May 23, 2011 ... (2006). MiniX-STR multiplex system population study in. Japan and application to degraded DNA analysis. Int. J. Legal. Med. 120: 174-181. Asamura H, Sakai H, Ota M, Fukushima H (2006). Japanese population data for eight X-STR loci using two new quadruplex systems. Int. J. Legal Med. 120: 303-309.

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    Fr. Ikenga

    Key words: Bogota Declaration, Geostationary Orbit, Outer Space Law, State Sovereignty, Non- appropriation Concept. 1. Introduction. Constant progress in the field of space exploration has led to new possibilities for the use of outer space, and as a result the need for new legal regulations in this field has arisen.

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    komla

    . Toxicology Laboratory, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria. Abstract. Atoxicity ranking order/scale for somepertinentmetals(zinc, cadmium, lead, copperand mercury) in the Lagos lagoon was established by testing metallic salts against ...

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    Dr Olaleye

    Keywords: Copper, Water pollution, Marine, Freshwater, Fish, Nigeria. INTRODUCTION. 1. The increasing degradation of the aquatic environment by anthropogenic contaminants has been given an intensive effort to evaluate the effects of pollutants in numerous biological systems (Herkovits et al., 1997). The need to ...

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    Objective: Assessment of thyrotoxic patients often involves laboratory and clinical evaluation. We have therefore investigated the relationship between the magnitude of hyperthyroid symptoms and thyroid hormone levels in a set of newly diagnosed thyrotoxic patients. Methods: Fifteen subjects with untreated, newly ...

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    Nekky Umera

    Abstract. The play, The Gods Are Not to Blame is quite a successful adaptation of the. Theban play, King Dedipus. On the surface, it would look as if Rotimi tries to copy Sophocles play without changing much. But as this paper has been able to prove, Rotimi successfully adapts the play for the African theatre. First of all ...

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    Following the annulment of the June 12 1993 presidential elections allegedly won by a Yoruba philanthropist, Chief Moshood Abiola, by a Nupe General (from the North), the National Question had assumed greater prominence. The events of the time resulted in demands for a Sovereign. National Conference (SNC).

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    komla

    cropping system prevailing in the District. Thus, a total of 15 samples were taken to cover fields grown to rice, maize, sorghum/ millet, grOundnut, cotton and yarn. The soil samples were brought to the Institute for analysis and interpretation. Farmers were also inter- viewed to derive information on farming practices and.

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    komla

    the landscape, erosion (inter-rili) hazard (e) at the upland and oxygen availability (o) at the plains and valley bottom. However, nutrient availability was more important consideration because land users (farmers) who crop the land manage the soils with little or no soil fertility management system despite the very low nutrient.

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    wzygkdr

    meta-analysis. Eur. J. Med. Res., 13;20:24. 27. Krych, A.J., Bert, J.M., and Levy, B.A. (2013). Treatment of OA of the knee in the middle-aged athlete: the role of arthroscopy. Sports Med. Arthrosc., 21(1):23-30. 28. Li, X.H., Chen, W.L., and Liu, X.X. (2011). Study on the mechanism of preventing and treating osteoarthritis by.

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    Prof. Adipala Ekwamu

    These observations were specifically deduced from their performance, root characteristics, tillering ability and leaf parameters as drought tolerance indicators. B 35 and E-36 ranked the highest relative water content in leaves, ... grain yield at all. Evolution of sorghum under pressures of drought has resulted in favourable.

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    Ehab

    Although murine studies demonstrate a bias towards. T helper-2 (Th2) type T-cell responses, this is less evident in ... expression11. Differences in antigen handling by neonatal B cells could also contribute to the reported bias of ... investigation of these observations. The need for this is strengthened by reports that show that ...

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    Nekky Umera

    N, when the above two assumptions are violated. We observe that CORC and ... reliance on asymptotic theory can and does lead to serious problems of bias and low levels of inferential accuracy when ... dependent variables and autocorrelation, and Simultaneous equation bias. It is known that in economics, measurement ...

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    Dr Tanya du Plessis

    JC BEKKER. PER 2008(3). 1/13. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF KINGDOMS AND THE IDENTIFICATION OF. KINGS AND QUEENS IN TERMS OF THE TRADITIONAL LEADERSHIP. AND GOVERNANCE FRAMEWORK ACT 41 OF 2003. JC Bekker*. 1. Introduction. The object of this article is to evaluate the mechanisms ...

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    ebutamanya

    2015-05-05

    May 5, 2015 ... We report a new case of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type II which is a perinatal lethal form. First trimester ultrasound ... Postnatal examination and bone radiography confirmed the diagnosis of OI type IIA. Death occurred on day 25 ... At birth, the newborn presented immediate neonatal respiratory distress.

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    Nigerian Veterinary Journal (I) 68-73. OUTBREAK OF CLINICAL AMOEBOSIS AMONG CAPTIVE. CHIMPANZEES (PAN T ROGLOD Y T ES) AT THE SANDA KYARIMI. PARK, MAIDUGURI, NIGERIA. MBAYA, A. W. 1 AND NWOSU, C. 0."2. lSancla Kyarimi Park, Borno State Ministry of Animal Resources, Maiduguri,. Nigeria,.

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    En-Joy

    range and in captivity. Besides, their conservation status as endangered species demands every effort at management of their surgical conditions. This paper presents a report of a surgical management of a traumatized necrotic hind limb of a captive African dwarf crocodile in the ... prevented the animal from activity. An.

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    urethral catheter drainage with prostate glands weighing 60g or less on ultrasound assessment, were subjected to transurethral resection of the prostate gland (TURP) as day-cases under caudal block regional anesthesia using 2% xylocaine with l in. 80,000 adrenaline. Hemostasis was secured until effluent of the irrigation ...

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    abp

    2013-03-10

    Mar 10, 2013 ... Esophageal variceal ligation for hemostasis of acute variceal bleeding: efficacy and safety. Mounia Lahbabi1,&, Mounia Elyousfi1, Nouredine Aqodad1, Mohammed Elabkari1, Ihssane Mellouki1, Sidi Adil Ibrahimi1, Dafr Allah. Benajah1. 1Department of Hepato Gastroenterology Hassan II University ...

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    hemostatic aids include prior microwave ther- motherapy29 or radiofrequency coagulation30 of the tumor followed by laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Bioadhesives may become an effective method for obtaining renal parenchy- mal hemostasis in the future. Gill et al. reported on the first 50 patients who underwent LPN ...

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    Abstract. This paper reviews contemporary Ghanaian poetry in the light of emerging scholarly discourses about transnational cultural traffic, especially as they relate to Africa and its post-slavery Diasporas in the Western world. The paper argues that while most studies of Ghanaian poetry have been framed by narrowly ...

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    A Single-stage (Cobb—Douglas based stochasticfrontier production function was used in analyzing the data. Evidencefrom the ...... Sir John. Crawford Memorial Lecture. Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research. (CGIAR). International Centers Week, October, 2 7, 1994. "Washington DC. (Processed). 77 ...

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    user

    been observed that “their creativity follows very strictly those established lines of tradition” (Adegbite 49). The Igbos are known for transmitting their culture and tradition through oral literature and one of the formidable ways of doing this is through folk tales. These are fictional stories elders tell children at dusk either in the ...

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    COMBUSTION. SAMUEL S. OKOYA. Department of Mathematics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Abstract. In branched-chain thermal explosion theory, it is usually impossible to obtain analytical solutions and sometimes a substantial computation may be required to calculate the temperature, activation energy ...

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    goat milk can pose public health problems. Thus, strict hygienic measures need to be taken during the production and handling of goat milk at the study area. Key words/phrases: Borana goat, Ethiopia, goat milk, microbiological quality. INTRODUCTION. Goat milk and goat milk products are important sources of protein for ...

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    2009-03-03

    Mar 3, 2009 ... Termination of pregnancy and hysteroscopy are the most commonly performed gynaecological procedures, the safety of which is of global concern. Uterine perforation is one of their commonest complications. Traditionally, most of these complications were managed by laparotomy, however, with the ...

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    GB

    patients' attitude towards medical students' involvement in their health care at Tikur Anbesa. Specialized Hospital in 2010. ... ward to prefer female students to care for them was higher (AOR (95% CI) =1.93(1.13, 3.30). CONCLUSION: Almost half ... governmental medical universities and colleges. Tikur Anbessa Specialized ...

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    homeless children as well as some adults roaming the streets begging for alms. These children who are mostly from rural areas, are sent by their parents at a young age, to urban centres for the purpose of Qur'anic education. A pupil undergoing education in this traditional way is referred to as Almajiri in Hausa language.

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    USER

    2015-08-06

    Aug 6, 2015 ... and rendering thousands homeless. The impact of floods on people globally has led to the development of mitigation measures that could reduce the associated risk of floods to a manageable point. The management of flood risk begins with identification of areas prone to flood. This study used the scientific ...

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    hp

    Most algae are tolerant to temperature fluctuations but diatoms have narrow temperature range (Guschina and. Harwood, 2006). The objective of this study is to review the current and future prospects of microalgae as a viable feedstock for biofuel production in order to stimulate the need for more research in this area.

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    USER

    2017-04-27

    Apr 27, 2017 ... Abstract. The composition and diversity of different water bodies in Kaaba Bunu Local Government,. Kogi State were investigated for both micro and macrobiota. The study covered Oinyi,. Odogo and Odonkolo Rivers. Salinity values ranged between 0.03 and 0.0 indicating the freshwater status of these ...

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    Aim: The aim of this study was to determine, by utilizing patient records, the various types of dental trauma and the treatment provided among children aged 6 - 12 years. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross sectional Survey was conducted at Dental department, Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam ...

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    system by optimizing fleet administration to. In agriculture, $750bn post-harvest losses make assets work ... a football match. During an Environmental. Impact Assessment for one of the. Late in 2016, around November, the telecommunications companies in Ibadan, a government stepped up its promise to create block of 32 ...

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    Administrator

    The design of standards and the administration of discipline in general often involve an exercise of power, ... President of the Republic of South Africa v South African Rugby Football Union 2000 1 SA 1. (CC) para 133. 10 ... constitutional principles which the administration of student discipline at HEIs must meet to stand any ...

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    administration of prisons, the SNAPRI, was created by law decree in 2006. The SNAPRI is subordinate to the Ministry of .... prison administration. One person was sleeping on magazines and three were using personal ... were dedicated to football. In the Central Prison, overcrowding created the necessity to open the cells ...

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    FEN

    administration of the Nigeria Professional League. The lessons to be learnt include the use of young home – based players who seem to be more committed and disciplined. Some recommendations were made to include. “football eclipse” for a period to enable Nigeria reflect and plan for her. AFRREV IJAH. An International ...

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    Mr Olusoji

    review. Conclusion: Genetic factors play an important role male infertility and knowledge about them forms the basis for the rational management of males with severe oligospermia and azoospermia especially in developing countries. Keywords: Genetic, Male infertility, Clinical, Assisted Reproductive techniques, Semen.

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    recommended microsurgical techniques, the pregnancy rates following tubal surgery are likely .to be better than has been documented in this study. Key words: Tubal surgery, outcome, Enugu, Nigeria. INTRODUCTION Tubal surgery and assisted reproductive. Infertility is a major global problem and is regarded as a social ...

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    SOFTLINKS DIGITAL

    The patent system is not quite as effective with software as it is with traditionally engineered tangible artifacts. While a patent mandates IP protection it is ..... Management. Appling Web. Services and Server. Side Execution. Writing two Versions of Application. Finger Printing your Code. Using Encryption. Employing.

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    unique firstlady

    the Nigerian educational system including teacher education. The policy (FGN, 2004) gave the following as the goals of teacher education as follows;. (a) Produce highly motivated, conscientious and efficient classroom teachers for all levels of our educational system;. (b) Encourage further the spirit of enquiry and creativity ...

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    RAGHAVENDRA

    of conducive classroom environment (inappropriate tables of shyness to speak, fear of making mistakes and cooperative learning techniques. Finally, recommendation findings of the study in order to promote the effective prac for EFL teachers to commit themselves on the organizat cooperative learning techniques. Besides ...

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    Dr Ike

    This Church as both people of God and communion is composed of clerics, religious and laity. The clerics are the Bishops, Priests and. Deacons (John Paul II, 1983:cann 207; 1008; 1009; Vatican Council. The Identity, Rights and Challenges of Catholic Knights in the Church. Anthony B. Chiegboka & Elizabeth O. Ezenweke ...

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    OBSTETRIC OUTCOME OF TWIN PREGNANCIES IN JOS, NIGERIA. J T Mutihir, VC Pam,. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria. ABSTRACT. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine the incidence, maternal and foetal outcome of twin delivery in J os, ...

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    The caesarean section rate is high both for the teenagers and the elderly primigravidas, however their obstetric outcome is good if utilization of antenatal care is adequate and labour properly conducted. KEY WORDS: Primigravida, Age, First Birth, Pregnancy Outcome. INTRODUCTION. The age a woman gives birth to her ...

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    Philippe

    the theatre as a community classroom. .... In a classroom situation, the theatrical elements like role-play, improvisation, miming, and dramatization would be highly instrumental in concretizing academic ..... dramatic techniques of teaching calls for creative thinking which would culminate in the vital life-skill of creativity.

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    particular, awareness towards the existence of gender discrimination in campus diverge between males (30%) and females (64%), P- 0.001. However, the solutions suggested focused on raising awareness, guidance and counseling, academic support and improvement of facilities. Conclusion: This study strongly suggests ...

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    hp

    The awareness of this, placed man in a position of seeing the need to covering the vital ... This paper discusses the ethical response to indecent dressing among .... affect our influence. If we appear in well decent way, others will be more likely to respect us. If we put on indecent dress, we will be neglected by others as ...

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    Altbeker's book A Country at War with Itself, draws attention to harmful blindspots that contribute to the 'explanatory ... Altbeker's response to 'Pointy Face': 'what does this urgent acquisitiveness, and this readiness to ... complex picture emerges when a 'deeper and longer' view is taken. Table 1 is a simplified version of 2011 ...

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    Nubidga

    Climate change or climate variation has led to the establishment of new wind directions with increase in frequency of typhoons and hurricanes. These winds are responsible for changes in cloud and sea wave directions, floods and heavy rains, and the sea volume has been on a steady rise from the melting arctic ice caps.

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    USER

    2015-06-01

    Jun 1, 2015 ... The melting point of the schiff base determined is. 120oC. The decomposition temperature of nickel (II) ... Melting point, decomposition temperature and coordinated water were determined on Gallenkamp ... The flask and its contents were cooled in an ice-bath to precipitate pale yellow crystals, which were.

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    Molecular weight and melting point data on polymers 1-4. Polymer MW MN Melting point. 1 134000 ... The filtrate was poured onto ice-cold water and acidified with 3. M HCl. It was then extracted with ether. ... Compound 5 (10.1 g, 0.03 mol) was dissolved in 50 mL of dry DMF and the mixture was cooled in an ice-water bath.

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    PROF. MADUKWE

    magnitude of sporadic weather events and concomitant rise in world mean surface temperature. Its effects include among others increasing temperatures, decreasing rainfall in the continental interiors, drought desert encroachment, melting ice, extreme weather, flood, sea level rise, sinking of islands, water scarcity health ...

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    AJTCAM

    (4+); almost instantaneous (within 60 s at room temperature (3+); within 5 min on ice (2+); within 30 min on ice .... isolates with one or more virulence markers and their resistance level. Virulence Markers Number of isolates Resistant to: One marker. COL. 8. 2-10 antibiotics. HL. 2. 4-10 antibiotics. CAP. 22. 2-11 antibiotics.

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    Dr Olaleye

    quickly removed, rinsed in ice cold 1.15% KCl solution and weighed. The liver samples were chopped and ... CAP/Amox. 16.67 ± 1.69*. 12.50 ± 0.87*. CAP = Chloramphenicol, Amox = Amoxicillin. *p<0.05 when compared with control. Table 2 shows the decreases in microsomal protein content in the drug-treated rats when ...

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    DR. AMINU

    continues, by 2020 a rise in the average temperature of 4oC to 5oC will begin to melt the polar ice caps and raise the levels of the oceans by 2 to 3 feet. Some expert predict more serious effects, including massive flooding of costal regions, changes in rainfall patterns, expansion of deserts, and long term climatic disruptions.

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    determined by standard techniques as described by Jain ( l 986'). Serum biochemistry. For serum samples, about 5 ml of blood was withdrawn from the cephalic vein into sterile universal bottles with screw caps. They were transported slanted on ice packs to the. Department of Veterinary Medicine Laboratory within 2 hours.

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    perforated plastic container, labeled, kept in an ice box container and transported to the laboratory at Yaoundé I ... screw caps. To achieve complete methanolysis, the glass tubes with the sample were placed in an oven with temperature set at 90oC, for 2 hours after which the tubes were cooled to room temperature.

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    2017-04-12

    Apr 12, 2017 ... Col Dippenaar, Majs Xavier and Sebastao and. Mr Stone Carlos during 5/6 May to finalise the arrangements for the prisoner exchange. 16. After the JMC delegation had visited the prisoners and met with the Red Cross representatives, the following was agreed: 1. Place of the exchange - Ongiva airfield. 2.

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    AJTCAM

    Perennial. Bulb. External. Rheumatism and sciatica. 52. Fumaria parviflora Lam. Fumariaceae. Shatareh. Shahtareh-e- irani. Fumitory. H. Annual. Flowers, Stem,. Leaves. External. Dermal discords, wound and eczema. 53. Glycyrrhiza glabra L. var. glabra. Fabaceae. Balik. Shirin bayan. Licorice. H. Perennial Roots, Flowers.

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    Tracie1

    blog using the social bookmarking website “Delicious”, a social network specifically designed for doctoral students, and blogging as a support network for trainee teachers, and the use of social photo sharing website “Flicker” as a tool for photography students. It seems doubtful that all of these innovative uses of Social ...

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    affect their activities in the biogeochemical cycle of nitrogen. ' ACKNOWLEDGEMENT. We wish to thank Elder G. O. Ogugbue for his. financial assistance and Professor G.C. 0kpokwasili for his assistance during the preparation of this manuscript. REFERENCES. Anderson, A. C. and A.A. Abdelghani. 1980. Toxicity.

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    Acacia torti/is twigs with leaves or seedpods, from the Tugela valley, were milled and fed to five two-tooth wethers for 6 days in separate digestion trials, after a suitable adaptation period. The twigs with leaves contained 10,8% CP and 45 TDN on a. DM basis. The seedpods contained 15,8% CP and 59 TDN on a DM basis.

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    jen

    The study population included 36 children aged 0-15 years admitted with cancer at Butare university teaching Hospital. ... policies concerning detection, prevention, and treatment of cancer patients. • Insufficient specialized human resources,. • Absence of referral cancer centers, ... Ophthalmology and Stomatology of whom.

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    2006-01-20

    Jan 20, 2006 ... 51 Okeke. Stewart, B. (1882): Hypothetical Vlews. Regarding the Connection Between the. State of the Sun and Terrestrial. Magnetism, in Encyclopedia Britanica,. 9'hed, 16, 181-184. Tarpley, JD. (1973): Seasonal Movement of the. Sq Current F oci and Related Effects in the Equatorial electroj et., J. Atmos.

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    INTRODUCTION. Edible insects which are usually classified under non-timber forest products, are a very important forest resource playing crucial roles in human diets particularly making diets more balanced and palatable ((FAO, 1989; Latham. 2001). Entomophagy, the practice of eating insects, is a food resource that ...

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    USER

    USING METHYLENE BLUE AS A CHROMOGENIC REAGENT. B. Narayana*, Chand Pasha, ... KEY WORDS: Iodate determination, Methylene blue, Spectrophotometry, Table salt, Sea water. INTRODUCTION. Iodine occurs ... important role in the development of brain function and cell growth. Deficiency of iodine causes.

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    The enriched samples were plated on Eosin-Methylene Blue (EMB) agar and incubated at 37°C for 24 hours. Colonies showing a greenish metallic sheen on EMB agar .... All the isolates that were E. coli 0157 were cultured on brain heart infusion (BHI) agar containing 7% human blood and incubated at 37°C for 24 hours.

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    User

    day care theatre ranging between 25 minutes and 60 minutes with a mean of 41.2 +/-11.08 minutes. Three (7%) of the patients required admission, two for acute urinary retention and control of excessive pain and the other 5 days postoperative on account of secondary haemorrhage. Pain control was achieved by oral non ...

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    received slightly less rainfall and was colder. (Table 1). Low temperature was the main factor limiting cassava genotypes to fully express their potential in that location. The joint regression analysis (Table 4) indicated, however, that there was no statisticallinear relationships between the. G x B interactions with the ...

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    Onyii Ogbonna

    and related organization; commitment and vision of leadership, financial and material resources; and skilled human resources. In agricultural extension, capacity .... pests and diseases management, pre- and post-season training other refresher trainings as well as use of computer were the most prominent areas of training ...

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    0cimum gratissimum leaf oil, which has been reported to possess in vim and in vivo ellleacy against enterlc bacteria was tested against forty sis clinical ' ' ' of“ s' aerug in Lagos, Nigeria. The effect of the essential oil (E0) on pyoeyanin production among these strains was also investigated. Agar well diffusion assay revealed.

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    Pietro

    2013-07-02

    Jul 2, 2013 ... 4. Conclusion. In conclusion, the spatial distribution of different quantum cascade laser structures emitting around 7 µm were measured with the aim of verifying their performance in terms of possible utilization for atomic physics spectroscopic applications. The power dispersion on a plane orthogonal to.

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    francis

    methods likely to encourage students to develop critical awareness and ... context constitute some of the motivating factors for this study. ... skills that students are likely to acquire from peer assessment are also needed in various professional ... In this regard, they mentioned that reading and assessing fellow students'.

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    2016-01-01

    Jan 1, 2016 ... functional and structural diversity using the Mannich reaction have stimulated the creativity of chemists. Keeping in view of the importance of this organic moiety in the field of medicine and biology here an attempt has been made to review the synthesis and biological importance of heterocyclic Mannich ...

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    Education

    whose monarchs were like fathers of the led who took them for their own children, because of the biological and social ties existing between those kings and their loyal companions; the second part presents the arrival of the Tutsi around 1700 AD, who, after spending their lifetime wandering along behind their cows and.

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    IKENNA

    Israel's monarchs were visible manifestations of God's kingship. If one follows the chronological order of events in the OT narrations, the prayer for the king in Hannah's Song could be categorized as anachronism, that is, something that is not in harmony with the time. The prayer preceded the practice of monarchy in Israel.

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    The situation of violence which prevails in Cote d'Ivoire is the expression of a complex set offactors which may be analysed at different levels and from com— plementary perspectives. While the political and military dimensions of the cri— sis are the most visible aspects and those to which the media and diplomatic.

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    consommation alimentaire hebdomadaire tandis que pour le gain moyen quotidien les valeurs les plus élevées. (P<0.01) ont été observés pour la ration contenant 3334 kcal ED/kg comparé aux autres rations. Lindice de consommation a baissé de 2,1810,14 a 1,11t0,16 avant de passer a 1,19t0,18 pour les taux d'énergie ...

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    Our gratitude to the superintendent and the dedicated staff of the measles ward of Clairwood Hospital is expressed. This project was funded by the South African. Medical Research Council. REFERENCES. 1. Deparunent ofNational Health and Population Development. The measles strategy: pre-campaign vaccination ...

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    Corporate Edition

    would like to express our gratitude to authors who chose to publish with us. Additionally, I wish to acknowledge the reviewers'hardwork and timely feedbacks on submitted manuscripts. RWJAH is internationally peer reviewed which is uploaded on Africa Journals Online (AJOL) and each article published is assigned a ...

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    Dr Olaleye

    sodium influx three-folds to five-folds (Berkowitz and. Orringer, 1985). This effect on permeability is probably cation selective and accompanied by stimulation of the. Na+- ... alpha subunits and two beta subunits. The genes that encode the subunits have alleles, many of which derive from point mutation in the DNA sequence ...

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    Winnie

    Kathleen Sikkema is an associate professor of Epidemiology and Public Health, Psychiatry and Psychology at Yale University School of Medicine. ... 2 NO. 3 NOVEMBER 2005. 334. ORIGINAL ARTICLE. Introduction. Due to the stigma associated with HIV/AIDS, many newly diagnosed individuals are understandably fearful.

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    user

    2013-04-10

    Apr 10, 2013 ... Figure 7. (A) Amylolytic activities in PAGE containing 1% starch. (B) Reducing sugar and glucose liberated from enzymatic action of bands 1, 2 and 3 on 1% starch solution. A. fumigatus (Nguyen et al., 2002; Ghosh et al., 1991;. Silva and Peralta, 1998), respectively. The enzymes were stable for six hours at ...

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    Onakpa

    https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jae.v22i1.14. Meludu, Nkiru T. Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development University of Ibadan, Ibadan,. Nigeria,. E-mail: nkiru_m@yahoo.com. Phone No: +2348023250457. Onoja, M. Nelson. Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ibadan, ...

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    user

    Abstract. A primary objective of commercial pig production is lean meat yield in order to satisfy consumer needs. The majority of the commercial pig breeds in South Africa have been selected for high lean growth potential and reduced backfat thickness. There are indications that selection for high lean meat yield may.

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    Buchi

    190/100,000 in Latin America and 280/100,000 in Asia. Some developed countries have maternal mortalities as. 6 low as 5-10/100,000 live births. In Nigeria for example,. 59,000 maternal deaths occur annually. This represents more than 10% of global maternal mortality. This is in spite of the fact that Nigeria accounts for ...

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    Dr Olaleye

    2017-12-23

    Dec 23, 2017 ... Bioline International, African Journals online (AJOL), Index Copernicus, African Index Medicus (WHO), Excerpta medica. (EMBASE), CAB Abstracts ... books, monographs, dissertations and theses, through which researchers ... and, unlike books, journal articles take a relatively short time to publish. Finally ...

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    FOBUR

    Conclusion: Adequate knowledge on injection control practices is required by every health care worker. · for effective health care delivery. ·. Key words: Health and Environment, War Zone .... Nbs (liquiru; geJs or foams) are the· preferred melluxl for hEUld hygiene in mo~t situations du-e to tln: superior effie~>· or the~ El.

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    GB

    logistic regression was fitted to identify independent predictors, and qualitative data were transcribed and analyzed thematically. ... 2Department of Health Economics, Management and Policy, College of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma,. Ethiopia ..... Application of Telemedicine in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa University ...

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    POINT B (B) - The deepest point in the midline between the alveolar crest of the mandible and the mental process. Statistical analysis I. The error analysis was carried out by tracing 25 of the cephalometric radiographs twice within an interval of. 4 weeks. The method error was determined by applying. Dahlberg's formula“:.

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    alike – or deal with the homophobia, misogyny, racism and embattled masculinity implicated in incidents of 'corrective' or 'curative' rape.37. To comment on this article visit http://www.issafrica.org/sacq.php. NOTES. 1. D Breen and JA Nel, South Africa – a home for all? The need for hate crime legislation, South African.

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    exoskeleton at the time of molting. Application of aqueous suspension of the fungal isolates using conventional insecticide application methods may play a strategic role in the management of C. partellus, provided applications are made sufficiently early to target young larvae feeding in the leaf whorl. The critical period for.

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    SEGUN ADENIJI

    100,000 mothers' death and death of one out of every. 3 five babies . The concern with birth spacing has acquired ... fertility rate is 5.7; infant and maternal mortality rates are still high and substantial proportion of children are ..... 55 - 76. 16. Tu P. (1991): "Birth spacing patterns and correlates in Shaanxi, China" Studies in.

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    The ethanol extract of the leaves of Moringa stenopetala led to the isolation of three glycosides. ... Moringa stenopetala, family Moringaceae, is a 6 to 10 m tall tree characterized by brittle branches, smooth grey bark ... work the fresh leaf extracts of the plant were subjected to a systematic phytochemical isolation procedure ...

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    Stiller CA and Parkin DM (1990): international variations in the incidence of childhood renal tumros. Br J Cancer, 62(6):1026. Kawanami T, Young LW and Wood BP (1988):. Radiological case of the month. Renal cell cancer in a child with Hemoglobin SA disease. Am J Dis. Child, 144(7):783. Weirich G, Glenn G, Junker K et ...

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    Library _info_Sc_ 1

    digitization, archiving and preservation of electronic resources; proliferation of opportunities for training and retraining, which the ... Others are. Open J-Gate, JSTOR, Hindawi, BMJ Publishing,. High Wire Press, Bioline International and NUC. Virtual Library. Practitioners have also embraced ICT tools not only for accessing ...

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    With these examples, the author depicts the horror associated with abortion, an illegal act. Extract 5 expresses Dr. Abe's excitement over the arrest of Cosmos, the wanted leader of an armed robbery gang that has succeeded in robbing the bank in Gom, carting away millions of naira. Soon after the robbery incident, Cosmos ...

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    Angela McIntyre was motivated, as she says, to compile this book out of concern with what, in international circles, was passing for the. 'voices of children', or more precisely, with their disembodiment. Horror stories of rape, abduction and systematic violence from the mouths of children did serve the purpose of mobilising ...

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    Over this two-year period, murder decreased by. 1 653 cases (8,9 per cent), attempted murder decreased by 1 385 cases (7,4 per cent), assault with intent to inflict serious bodily harm reduced by 4 811 cases (2,3 per cent) and aggravated robbery reduced by 4 557 cases. (3,9 per cent). Since property crime has shown an ...

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    in particular, continue to be used to obtain important evidences for the courts of law in northern Nigeria. Perhaps, the most notable instance was in the celebrated case involving the. Kano millionaire and socialite, Nafiu Rabiu, accused of the murder of his wife in 1980. Four highly distinguished pathologists were summoned.

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    preferred customer

    Dancer at Nainital in Uttaranchal. Current. Science. 90(4):562–563. 7. Hedberg, I. and Edwards, S. (eds) (1989). Flora of. Ethiopia and Eritrea. Volume 3, Pittosporaceae to Araliaceae.The National Herbarium, Addis. Ababa. 8. De Buen, L. L., Ornelas, J.F. and Garica- Franco,J. G. (2002). Mistletoes infection of trees located.

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    environs, and that at least 3% of all biological fluid specimens sent for analysis in the pathology laboratories are HIV positive. The. Public Health implication of this rapid increase in seropositivity rate is .... drilling location to another creating a circular labour migration. Hence many Oil industry workers are dislocated from their.