WorldWideScience

Sample records for subpoenas duces tecum

  1. 24 CFR 1720.415 - Subpoenas duces tecum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., papers, books, or other physical exhibits at the taking of a deposition, or at a prehearing conference, or at an adjudicative hearing shall be made in writing to the administrative law judge who may issue... discovery or for obtaining documents, papers, books, or other physical exhibits for use in evidence, or for...

  2. 39 CFR 265.11 - Compliance with subpoena duces tecum, court orders, and summonses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...' Compensation Programs, Department of Labor. Requests for authorization to produce these records shall be addressed to: Office of Workers' Compensation Programs, U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, DC 20210-0001...) Do not release any records containing information as to the employee's security or loyalty. (6) Honor...

  3. 75 FR 2822 - Availability of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... subpoenas duces tecum in order to carry out the Agency's functions. DATES: Comments must be received on or... administrative subpoenas to compel production of designated books, documents, records, electronically stored... statement under section 1532 is not required. Submission to Congress and the General Accounting Office...

  4. 19 CFR 207.8 - Questionnaires to have the force of subpoenas; subpoena enforcement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Questionnaires to have the force of subpoenas; subpoena enforcement. 207.8 Section 207.8 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION... Questionnaires to have the force of subpoenas; subpoena enforcement. Any questionnaire issued by the Commission...

  5. 15 CFR 719.11 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... contempt, challenge or refusal to obey a subpoena served upon any person pursuant to this paragraph, any... punishable by the court as a contempt thereof. (b) Service. Subpoenas issued by the ALJ may be served by any...

  6. 24 CFR 26.43 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... PROCEDURES Hearings Pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act Discovery § 26.43 Subpoenas. (a) General... request for a subpoena in aid of discovery shall be filed in time to permit the conclusion of discovery 15...

  7. 28 CFR 76.23 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... writing and shall specify with particularity the books, papers, or testimony desired, supported by a... the enforcement of the subpoena, unless the enforcement of the subpoena would be inconsistent with law...

  8. 29 CFR 2200.57 - Issuance of subpoenas; petitions to revoke or modify subpoenas; right to inspect or copy data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... NW., 9th Floor, Washington, DC 20036-3457. After the case has been assigned to a Judge, applications shall be filed with the Judge. Applications for subpoena(s) may be made ex parte. The subpoena shall...) Service of subpoenas. A subpoena may be served by any person who is not a party and is not less than 18...

  9. 29 CFR 1921.20 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE IN ENFORCEMENT PROCEEDINGS UNDER SECTION 41 OF THE LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT Miscellaneous § 1921.20 Subpoenas. All applications for subpoenas ad testificandum and...

  10. 16 CFR 1605.5 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Inquiries § 1605.5 Subpoenas. (a) The Commission may issue to any person, sole proprietorship, partnership... satisfactory compliance with such subpoena. (b) The person, sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation... person, sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation unless the Commission, upon a showing of good...

  11. 29 CFR 90.14 - Subpoena power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Subpoena power. 90.14 Section 90.14 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor CERTIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY TO APPLY FOR WORKER ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE Petitions and Determinations of Eligibility To Apply for Adjustment Assistance § 90.14 Subpoena power. (a) The Director may...

  12. 19 CFR 210.32 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Subpoenas. 210.32 Section 210.32 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION INVESTIGATIONS OF UNFAIR PRACTICES IN IMPORT TRADE ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT Discovery and Compulsory Process § 210.32 Subpoenas. (a) Application for issuance...

  13. 15 CFR 280.211 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... United States. In case of contempt or refusal to obey a subpoena served upon any person pursuant to this... failure to obey such order of the court may be punished by such court as contempt thereof. (b) Service...

  14. 29 CFR 6.4 - Subpoenas (Service Contract Act).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Subpoenas (Service Contract Act). 6.4 Section 6.4 Labor... STANDARDS IN FEDERAL AND FEDERALLY ASSISTED CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS AND FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General § 6.4 Subpoenas (Service Contract Act). All applications under the Service Contract Act for subpoenas ad...

  15. 44 CFR 6.8 - Subpoena and other legal demands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subpoena and other legal..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 General § 6.8 Subpoena and other legal demands. Access to records in systems of records by subpoena or other legal process shall be...

  16. 5 CFR 2429.7 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... witnesses and the production of documentary or other evidence. However, no subpoena shall be issued under... within an agency or between an agency and the Office of Personnel Management. (b) Where the parties are... Service Labor-Management Relations Statute. [45 FR 3516, Jan. 17, 1980, as amended at 62 FR 40922, July 31...

  17. 49 CFR 510.4 - Subpoenas, generally.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... issue to any person, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, or other entity a subpoena requiring... issued by the Chief Counsel. When a person, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, or other... testificandum, the sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, or other entity so named shall designate one...

  18. 19 CFR 356.21 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... shall be made to the administrative law judge. An application for issuance of a subpoena requiring a person to appear and depose or testify and to produce specified documents, papers, books, or other... other circumstances, shall be made in writing to the administrative law judge and shall specify the...

  19. 28 CFR 68.25 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.25 Subpoenas. (a) An Administrative Law... testimony of witnesses and production of things including, but not limited to, papers, books, documents...

  20. 15 CFR 785.9 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT § 785.9 Subpoenas..., records or other documentary or physical evidence for the purpose of the hearing, as the ALJ deems... least 10 business days before the scheduled hearing or deposition, unless the ALJ determines, for good...

  1. 5 CFR 1201.85 - Enforcing subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....85 Administrative Personnel MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES PRACTICES AND... in the foreign country. (b) Upon application by the Special Counsel, the Board may seek court enforcement of a subpoena issued by the Special Counsel in the same manner in which it seeks enforcement of...

  2. 28 CFR 50.10 - Policy with regard to the issuance of subpoenas to members of the news media, subpoenas for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... subpoenas to members of the news media, subpoenas for telephone toll records of members of the news media, and the interrogation, indictment, or arrest of, members of the news media. 50.10 Section 50.10... to the issuance of subpoenas to members of the news media, subpoenas for telephone toll records of...

  3. 46 CFR 201.121 - Application for subpoena ad testificandum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 201.121 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION POLICY, PRACTICE AND... testificandum. An application for a subpoena requiring attendance of a witness at a hearing may be made without... action by him or by a member of the Administration. A subpoena for the attendance of a witness shall be...

  4. 29 CFR 1620.31 - Issuance of subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Issuance of subpoenas. 1620.31 Section 1620.31 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION THE EQUAL PAY ACT § 1620.31 Issuance of subpoenas. (a) With respect to the enforcement of the Equal Pay Act, any member of the...

  5. 6 CFR 13.23 - Subpoenas for attendance at hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Subpoenas for attendance at hearing. 13.23 Section 13.23 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.23 Subpoenas for attendance at hearing. (a) A party wishing to procure the...

  6. 4 CFR 22.9 - Subpoenas [Rule 9].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... information (including writings, papers, books, accounts, photographs, drawings, graphs, charts, recordings... and the mileage allowed by 28 U.S.C. 1821 or other applicable law; however, where the subpoena is...

  7. Administrative Subpoenas in Criminal Investigations: A Brief Legal Analysis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Doyle, Charles

    2006-01-01

    .... Several statutes at least arguably authorize the use of administrative subpoenas primarily or exclusively for use in a criminal investigation in cases involving health care fraud, child abuse, Secret...

  8. 43 CFR 45.47 - What are the requirements for subpoenas and witness fees?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... and witness fees? 45.47 Section 45.47 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior... § 45.47 What are the requirements for subpoenas and witness fees? (a) Request for subpoena. (1) Except...) Witness fees. (1) A party who subpoenas a witness who is not a party must pay him or her the same fees and...

  9. 50 CFR 221.47 - What are the requirements for subpoenas and witness fees?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... and witness fees? 221.47 Section 221.47 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE... requirements for subpoenas and witness fees? (a) Request for subpoena. (1) Except as provided in paragraph (a... return it to the party on whose behalf the subpoena was served. (c) Witness fees. (1) A party who...

  10. 20 CFR 498.209 - Subpoenas for attendance at hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... material to the presentation of a party's case at a hearing, may make a motion requesting the ALJ to issue... for the hearing, unless otherwise allowed by the ALJ for good cause shown. Such request will: (1... individual at his or her last dwelling place or principal place of business. (f) The subpoena will specify...

  11. The erosion of psychiatrist-patient confidentiality by subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, John; Galambos, Gary; Skarbek, Yvonne

    2014-08-01

    We explore the reasons for the prolific use of subpoenas to gain access to psychiatric records in Australia. We examine the applicable legal principles and practices at the New South Wales (NSW) and Commonwealth levels, aiming to develop recommendations for Australian Governments to curb the inappropriate and harmful use of subpoenas. Unfettered legal access to psychiatric records is inconsistent with professional ethical guidelines and risks undermining the provision of quality psychiatric care to the community. The existing legal provisions are failing to protect psychiatrist-patient confidentiality. In NSW, the onus is placed on the psychiatrist and/or patient to make a complicated application to the court, to direct that a subpoena be set aside on the grounds of "Professional Confidential Relationship Privilege." An absence of Commonwealth legislation to protect psychiatrist-patient confidentiality is used by some litigants in family law proceedings to disadvantage patients by stigmatising them, because they have consulted psychiatrists. We recommend that uniform legislation be implemented, giving effect to a primary rule of privilege with exceptions. © The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 2014.

  12. 32 CFR 700.822 - Delivery of personnel to civil authorities and service of subpoena or other process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... service of subpoena or other process. 700.822 Section 700.822 National Defense Department of Defense... personnel to civil authorities and service of subpoena or other process. (a) Commanding officers or other... service of subpoenas or other process as provided by the Manual of the Judge Advocate General. ...

  13. 32 CFR 720.21 - Members or civilian employees subpoenaed as witnesses in State courts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL; SERVICE OF PROCESS AND SUBPOENAS; PRODUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS Service of Process and Subpoenas Upon Personnel § 720.21 Members or civilian employees... (e.g., Medical Care Recovery Act cases), follow the procedures described in § 720.22. If State...

  14. 20 CFR 10.619 - May subpoenas be issued for witnesses and documents?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... for attendance of employees of OWCP acting in their official capacities as decision-makers or policy... discretion of the hearing representative. The hearing representative may issue subpoenas for the attendance...

  15. Administrative Subpoenas and National Security Letters in Criminal and Foreign Intelligence Investigations: Background and Proposed Adjustments

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Doyle, Charles

    2005-01-01

    .... Several statutes at least arguably authorize the use of administrative subpoenas primarily or exclusively for use in a criminal investigation in cases involving health care fraud, child abuse, Secret...

  16. 7 CFR 1.29 - Subpoenas relating to investigations under statutes administered by the Secretary of Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Subpoenas relating to investigations under statutes administered by the Secretary of Agriculture. 1.29 Section 1.29 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Departmental Proceedings § 1.29 Subpoenas relating to investigations...

  17. 38 CFR 2.2 - Delegation of authority to employees to issue subpoenas, etc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Delegation of authority to employees to issue subpoenas, etc. 2.2 Section 2.2 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS DELEGATIONS OF AUTHORITY § 2.2 Delegation of authority to employees to issue...

  18. 12 CFR 622.106 - Service of subpoena and payment of witness fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... (b) Motions to quash. Any person to whom a subpoena is directed may, prior to the time specified... Board, determines in his, her, or its discretion, to be just, reasonable, and proper. ... PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules and Procedures Applicable to Formal Investigations § 622.106 Service of...

  19. 44 CFR 5.83 - Authority to accept service of subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... production of records held by FEMA Regional offices or for the oral or written testimony of FEMA Regional... AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION Subpoenas or Other Legal Demands for Testimony or the Production or Disclosure of Records or Other Information § 5.83...

  20. 17 CFR 202.10 - Policy statement of the Securities and Exchange Commission concerning subpoenas to members of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Commission. Effective journalism complements the Commission's efforts to ensure that investors receive the... the principles of the First Amendment's guarantee of freedom of the press, and specifically to avoid... following principles should guide the determination of whether a subpoena to a member of the news media...

  1. 75 FR 13306 - Copyright Royalty Judges’ Authority to Subpoena a Nonparticipant to Appear and Give Testimony or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-19

    .... 1305 (Office of Personnel Management & Merit Systems Protection Board may ``subpena witnesses and... or the vice chairman, the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of all documentary... the attendance and testimony of a witness, versus the mere authority to subpoena documentary...

  2. 16 CFR 3.36 - Applications for subpoenas for records of or appearances by certain officials or employees of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Discovery; Compulsory Process § 3.36 Applications for subpoenas for... application for records pursuant to § 4.11 of this chapter or the Freedom of Information Act may be filed with... sought is reasonable in scope; (2) If for purposes of discovery, the material falls within the limits of...

  3. 20 CFR 30.301 - May subpoenas be issued for witnesses and documents in connection with a claim under Part B of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... own initiative, issue subpoenas for the attendance and testimony of witnesses, and for the production... will be issued for attendance of employees or contractors of OWCP or NIOSH acting in their official capacities as decision-makers or policy administrators. For hearings taking the form of a review of the...

  4. 18 CFR 388.111 - Procedures in event of subpoena.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... limited to the scope of the demand as summarized in such statement. (d) Commission records or information..., taking into account factors such as applicable privileges including the deliberative process privilege... established legal standards for determining whether justification exists for the disclosure of confidential...

  5. 41 CFR 50-203.6 - Witnesses and subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... examined orally under oath except that for good and exceptional cause the administrative law judge may permit their testimony to be taken by deposition under oath. (b) The administrative law judge shall upon... oath, including books, records, correspondence, or documents. Applications for the issuance of...

  6. 46 CFR 5.301 - Issuance of subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... books, papers, documents, or any other evidence, which shall be described with such particularity as... of witnesses or for the production of books, papers, documents, or any other relevant evidence needed... respondent the Administrative Law Judge may, either on the Administrative Law Judge's own motion or the...

  7. 10 CFR 205.8 - Subpoenas, special report orders, oaths, witnesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Department of Energy, the Administrator of the Economic Regulatory Administration, the Administrator of... reproduce books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, contracts agreements, or other relevant records or...

  8. 22 CFR 303.14 - Procedures for responding to a subpoena.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of the considerations listed in § 303.14(d), will determine whether the person on whom the demand was... determining whether production or disclosure should be made pursuant to a demand. (1) In deciding whether to... demands with respect to which any of the following factors exist: (i) Disclosure would violate a statute...

  9. 针药治疗武术散打运动所致急性关节扭伤疗效%EVALUATION ON THE EFFECT OF ACUPUNCTURE IN THE ACUTE ANKLE SPRAIN IN- DUCED BY FOOTBALL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙超; 居媛媛

    2011-01-01

    [目的] 评价针药治疗武术散打运动所致急性关节扭伤治疗中的作用.[方法] 从2009年1月~2010年6月,从本院选取80名由于散打运动所导致的急性关节关节扭伤患者,随机分为实验组和对照组,实验组采用针灸治疗,对照组采用常规功能治疗.[结果] 总体有效率均在90%以上,但实验组的总体有效率高于对照组.并且两组治疗效果差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).实验组扭伤疼痛消失时间明显低于对照组.[结论] 针药治疗所致急性关节扭伤功能治疗中疗效优于常规功能治疗.%[Objective] To evaluate the effect of acupuncture in the acute ankle sprain induced by football. [Methods] From January 2009 to June 2010, 80 patients with acute ankle sprain induced by football were selected from our hospital, and randomly divided into experimental group and control group. The experimental group was treated with acupuncture combined with functional exercise and the control group was treated with functional exercise. [ Results ] The total effective rate of experimental and control group was above 90% , and the total effect in experimental group was significantly higher than that in control group.The efficacy of experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group. The time of pain disappearance in the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group. [ Conclusion] The effect of acupuncture in treatment of the acute ankle sprain induced by football is significantly better than normal functional treatment

  10. Evaluation of Sufficiency of Subpoena Authority Within the Department of Defense in Support of General Crimes Investigations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2001-01-01

    ... (including pornography and child solicitation). The NAPA panel recommended that DoD consider providing approval authority to the Services' General Counsels or to some other appropriate Service official...

  11. Your Photos Or Mine: An Examination of the Laws Governing Warranted Searches and Subpoenas for the Photojournalist's Work Product.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherer, Michael D.

    Noting that there are no easy answers when a photojournalist is subjected to a legal request for his or her work products from governmental officials, this paper examines how state and federal laws and court decisions have both enhanced and inhibited a photojournalist's right to protect negatives, photographs, films, and videotapes from government…

  12. 39 CFR 265.13 - Compliance with subpoenas, summonses, and court orders by postal employees within the Inspection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... assigned to the Postal Inspection Service, student interns, contractors and employees of contractors who... or testimony fails to cooperate in good faith, preventing Inspection Service legal counsel from... disruptive methods to the employee's official duties. Testimony may, for example, be provided by affidavits...

  13. 12 CFR 792.63 - Collection of information from individuals; information forms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT AND PRIVACY ACT, AND BY SUBPOENA; SECURITY PROCEDURES FOR CLASSIFIED... information concerning religion, political beliefs or activities, association memberships (other than those...

  14. O–αα–D-xylopyranoside from the seeds of Trigonella foenum-graecum

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    been found to possess significant medicinal value. ... duce swelling, prevent falling of hair and in treating burns. ... and are also useful in treatment of dropsy, chronic cough, heart diseases, ... This plant also possesses antidiabetic property.

  15. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    position of organic impurities in air and water, due to its high photoactivity ..... an additional thermal treatment in air was carried out pro- ducing aggregates with .... and grey solid lines display individual Lorentzian components. varied within a ...

  16. ALPHA,·ANTITRYPSIN DEFICIENCY*

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1971-02-06

    Feb 6, 1971 ... bited proteolytic enzymatic proce.s which is able to pro- duce type A ... homozygous a!pha,-antitrypsin deficiency associated with severe obstructive .... in digestion of alveolar septa producing panacinar em- physema or type A ...

  17. strength and ductility of forged 1200 aluminum alloy reinforced

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eobe

    duced cylindrical shape samples, which were homogenized at 420 ... and properties of deformed materials depend on other factors ... after the surfaces were ground with emery paper of ... Figure 2: Maximum elongation of forged and annealed.

  18. Theoretical studies on a series of 1,2,4-triazoles derivatives as ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tion (HOFs) are also calculated via designed isodesmic reactions. The calculations on the ... explosive volume, so that they can be used as outstand- ing explosives. ...... moles of gas pro- duced by per gram of explosives; M, an average molar.

  19. Steven Vogel (1940–2015)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    duced in this issue. Steven Vogel was an eminent American biophysicist. ... as unusual and remarkable as his own work. He pre- .... called Reynolds stress, after the scientist who taught us to think in this ... PES Institute of Technology. Campus.

  20. Bioleaching of copper, cobalt and zinc from black shale by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-10-05

    Oct 5, 2009 ... duce organic acid metabolites which include citric, oxalic and gluconic acids during ... acid metabolites like citric, oxalic, malic gluconic acids used for bioleaching of ..... polluted soils using oxalate. J. Water, Air, Soil Pollut.

  1. Antimicrobial effect of natural dyes on some pathogenic bacteria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-01-19

    Jan 19, 2009 ... metalics, phenols, quaternary ammonium salts and organo-silicones ... are a second class of health enhancing compound pro- duced by Allium .... Ekwenye UN, Elegalam NN (2005) Antibacterial activity of ginger. (Zingiber ...

  2. Exponential decay for solutions to semilinear damped wave equation

    KAUST Repository

    Gerbi, Sté phane; Said-Houari, Belkacem

    2011-01-01

    This paper is concerned with decay estimate of solutions to the semilinear wave equation with strong damping in a bounded domain. Intro- ducing an appropriate Lyapunov function, we prove that when the damping is linear, we can find initial data

  3. Effect of anodization on corrosion behaviour and biocompatibility of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Extensive release of metal. ∗. Author for ... has been shown to enhance cell adhesion and increase fibrous tissue ... ducing protective oxide layers on metals like aluminum. 931 .... The cells were seeded into tissue culture flasks and were.

  4. Surgical treatment of necrotic panophthalmitis in snakes

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    two toothed Weiss iris forceps, curved; two grooved 15 em dissecting forceps; ... duced is of rather short duration, and they cannot easily be administered ... Sagatal (pentobarbitone sodium) has proved to be the drug of choice for most major.

  5. 78 FR 42149 - Privacy Act; System of Records: State-53, Office of Inspector General Investigation Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-15

    ... media. RETRIEVABILITY: Name, Social Security number or case number. SAFEGUARDS: All Office of Inspector... may contain names, dates of birth, passport numbers, Social Security numbers, account numbers and... response to a subpoena issued by an independent Federal agency having the power to subpoena records of...

  6. 32 CFR 720.20 - Service of process upon personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Service of process upon personnel. 720.20... DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL; SERVICE OF PROCESS AND SUBPOENAS; PRODUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS Service of Process and Subpoenas Upon Personnel § 720.20 Service of process upon personnel. (a) General. Commanding...

  7. 12 CFR 792.40 - What does this subpart prohibit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 792.40 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF... AND PRIVACY ACT, AND BY SUBPOENA; SECURITY PROCEDURES FOR CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Production of... custody of nonpublic records and are served with a subpoena requiring you to appear as a witness or...

  8. 6 CFR 13.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 13.25 Section 13.25 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena will pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that...

  9. 43 CFR 35.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 35.25 Section 35.25 Public Lands... STATEMENTS § 35.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any... Court. A check for witness fees and mileage shall accompany the subpoena when served, except that when a...

  10. 28 CFR 71.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 Implementation for Actions Initiated by the Department of Justice § 71.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the...

  11. 10 CFR 710.25 - Appointment of Hearing Officer; prehearing conference; commencement of hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... papers, issuing subpoenas for witnesses to attend the hearing or for the production of specific documents... extension of the hearing date past 90 calendar days from the date the request for hearing is received by the...

  12. 5 CFR 1632.5 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... subpoena, participation in a civil action or proceeding, an action in a foreign court or international... refers to particular types of matters to be withheld; (4) Disclose trade secrets and commercial or...

  13. 32 CFR Appendix C to Part 516 - Department of Defense Directive 5405.2, Release of Official Information in Litigation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., enforceable at law against the United States or the Department of Defense. C. Definitions 1. Demand. Subpoena.... Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs F.1.a. and b., the GC, DoD, in litigation involving terrorism...

  14. 7 CFR 1.328 - Sanctions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... severity and nature of the failure or misconduct. (c) When a party fails to comply with a subpoena or an...) Strike any part of the pleadings or other submissions of the party failing to comply with such request...

  15. 42 CFR 426.405 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Consult with scientific and clinical experts on his or her own motion concerning clinical or scientific... hearings as permitted by this part. (11) Issue subpoenas requiring the production of existing documents...

  16. 10 CFR 207.8 - Judicial actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Coordination Act of 1974 § 207.8 Judicial actions. (a) Enforcement of subpoenas; contempt. Any United States... such an order of the court may be punished by the court as contempt. (b) Injunctions. Whenever it...

  17. 24 CFR 115.305 - Special enforcement effort (SEE) funds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... enforced a subpoena or made use of its prompt judicial action authority within the past year; (2) The... the most recent three years, or is currently engaged in, at least one major fair housing systemic...

  18. Sounds of Futures Past

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Steen Ledet

    2017-01-01

    This article examines the ghost e ects in Dark Night of the Soul pro- duced by the residual media of old sonic technologies. Alfred North Whitehead’s notion of perception in the mode of causal e cacy is used to explain how materiality has agency over the listener.......This article examines the ghost e ects in Dark Night of the Soul pro- duced by the residual media of old sonic technologies. Alfred North Whitehead’s notion of perception in the mode of causal e cacy is used to explain how materiality has agency over the listener....

  19. Money distribution with intermediation

    OpenAIRE

    Teles, Caio Augusto Colnago

    2013-01-01

    This pap er analyzes the distribution of money holdings in a commo dity money search-based mo del with intermediation. Intro ducing heterogeneity of costs to the Kiyotaki e Wright ( 1989 ) mo del, Cavalcanti e Puzzello ( 2010) gives rise to a non-degenerated distribution of money. We extend further this mo del intro ducing intermediation in the trading pro cess. We show that the distribution of money matters for savings decisions. This gives rises to a xed p oint problem for the ...

  20. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A couple of months ago, in our February 1996 issue, we intro- duced a new department titled 'Reflections', and presented a contemporary translation of a classic 1931 essay in Bengali by S N. Bose on 'The Crisis of Science'. Our intention in this department is to provide interesting material on the history and philosophy of.

  1. Are Education Subsidies an Efficient Redistributive Device?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J. Dur (Robert); C.N. Teulings (Coen)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractWe argue that promoting education may be a means to re- duce income inequality. When workers of different skilllevels are imperfect substitutes in production, an increase in the level of human capital in the economy reduces the return to education and, hence, pre-tax income inequality.

  2. Book Vol15_Iss1_WIOJMS.indb

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aims and scope: The Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science provides an avenue for the wide dissem- ... ducing a mere 1.3 million tons in 2010 (FAO 2012). The ... Effect of feeding frequency .... to avoid exposure to direct sun light.

  3. Immunological Determinants of the Granulomatous Response in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The use of this model may advance the development of a vaccine against human .... lomas that were significantly smaller than those pro- duced during a primary ..... breeding and main- taining them in captivity as well as animal welfare con-.

  4. EDITORIAL I VAN DIE REDAKSIE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    viewed against the effect on and relevance to society as a whole. This approach to ... psychological process people go through to come to terms with the new .... neurons in the rat spinal cord: combination with morphine pro- duces marked ...

  5. Community Based Distribution

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ices; Clinic linked/free standing; Motivators/distributors; In- clusion/ exclusion of pills; .... cash flow management; book keeping and financial reporting. Transport .... NFWCM is a coordinating agency for all who are involved in provision of child ... Cost recovery in child spacing services needs to be intro- duced in the early ...

  6. The Longitudinal Properties of a Solar Energetic Particle Event Investigated Using Modern Solar Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-10

    and white light) and the longitudinal extent of the SEP event in the heliosphere. 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION...The STEREO SECCHI data are pro- duced by a consortium of RAL (UK), NRL (USA), LMSAL (USA), GSFC (USA), MPS (Germany), CSL (Belgium), IOTA (France

  7. A novel fractional sliding mode control configuration for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Karima Rabah

    2017-09-09

    Sep 9, 2017 ... for synchronizing disturbed fractional-order chaotic systems. KARIMA RABAH1, SAMIR ... duced to realize chaos synchronization, such as PC control [19] .... where t0 is the initial time, α ∈ (0,1), λ > 0, b > 0, m(0) = 0, m(x) ≥ 0 .... where k = k2/k1 is a positive real number. Choosing .... operating conditions.

  8. Preliminary design of high-power wave-guide/transmission system ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    . This LINAC will be needing CW rf power in the frequency ranges of 350 MHz and 700 MHz for its RFQ and. DTL/CCDTL/SFDTL structures respectively. The power to the accelerating structures will be pro- duced by either 1 MW CW or 250 kW ...

  9. Frozen history : limitations and possibilities of quantitative diffusion studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mom, G.P.A.; Albert de la Bruhèze, A.A.; Oldenziel, R.

    2009-01-01

    In this contribution I have tried to show how quantitative methods can generate new questions and thus support historical research. It can be concluded that re ducing historical complexity through forcing reality into the shape of a diffusion curve does not seem to be the preferable strategy for

  10. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    And clearly irrirated by his neighbour's question, he is saying, “Yes, I work ... part which caught the imagination of the scientific and general public. ... governing the atmosphere by equations which are compatible with present computer ... duced in formulating these principles as procedures which the human brain or the.

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-06-22

    Jun 22, 2009 ... of the 80% of pregnant women having access to prevention of mother-to-child ... breviation for a complicated statement that includes, among other things, moral ... duce an outcome where frustrations of welfare interests become .... Article abortion and its related issues of moral status in prenatal life. The.

  12. Fonts per a l'estudi de la fraseologia catalana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep V. Calatayud

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article has a practical and orientative purpose: through the Catalan lexicographical production, it intro­duces a list of collections of idioms classified according to whether they incorporate with more or less intensity the reality of the idioms, in order to facilitate further investigations.

  13. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Srimath

    iitkgp.ernet.in. Keywords. Electromagnetic theory, Max- well's equations, displacement current. A n experim entale®ort has been m ade to validate the existence ofdisplacem ent current w hich pro- duces m agnetic ¯eld like any other form of cur-.

  14. Is the size of θ13 related to the smallness of the solar mass splitting?

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tude of the solar and atmospheric neutrino mass splittings are now well measured, the absolute mass remains undetermined. ... To begin with, we assume that there is no solar splitting as well as θ13 = 0 and pro- duce both by a single perturbation. ..... and the 1σ limits of θ13. Both panels are for normal ordering. For inverted ...

  15. Linear-potential values and the 'Shapley family'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joosten, Reinoud A.M.G.; Peters, Hans; Thuijsman, Frank

    2013-01-01

    We generalize the potentials of Hart & Mas-Colell [1989] by intro-ducing a class of linear potentials for TU-games based on an idea of taxing and redistributing. To each potential an e¢ cient and additivevalue is associated, which attributes to each player his linearly modified contribution to the

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    1Dilla University, Faculty of Natural Science, Department of Biology, P.O. Box 419, Dilla, Ethiopia; 2Addis Ababa ... tance travelled by the charcoal meal (p < 0.0001) from 28.5 ± 1.1 cm when treated with 150 mg kg-1 ... traditional medicinal plants for the treatment and ... duce a hypersecretory response by the gut wall.

  17. Solution of the Cubic

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Foundation of Basic Arith- metic, Resonance, Vol.l1, No.1 ... duced, in his book The Analytic Art, our present usage of letters to ... symbols for surplus and deficit in business records. In. 1514, the Dutch ..... Email:jasbir@math.byu.edu ... crescent ...

  18. The genus Mustelus (Family Triakidae, Order Carcharhiniformes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spamer

    Traditionally, they have not used for human con- sumption, but this attitude is ... very serious errors in the understanding and manage- ment of fish ... This technique may minimize any bias intro- duced by multiple ..... Payne, A. I.. L. and R. J. M. ...

  19. Technology Applications Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-01

    generators for SDI to power research supports the theory , a power microwaves could pro- directed energy weapons. The series of microwave generators that duce... UGTED -- permitting high fiber density and a POLL CORRUGATING POLLS uniform distribution of fibers in theS... V • . •-composite. CORRUGATED PANEL c-st

  20. The N'ormal Distribution

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    An optimal way of choosing sample size in an opinion poll is indicated using the normal distribution. Introduction. In this article, the ubiquitous normal distribution is intro- duced as a convenient approximation for computing bino- mial probabilities for large values of n. Stirling's formula. • and DeMoivre-Laplace theorem ...

  1. Situating learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Gustavo; Georg, Susse; Finchman, Rob

    2004-01-01

    This paper looks at learning experiences in South Africa and Thailand by highlighting the role of context and culture in the learning process. The authors are based at Danish and South African higher education institutions and have contributed to DUCED's TFS programme in the positions of overall...

  2. Exponential decay for solutions to semilinear damped wave equation

    KAUST Repository

    Gerbi, Stéphane

    2011-10-01

    This paper is concerned with decay estimate of solutions to the semilinear wave equation with strong damping in a bounded domain. Intro- ducing an appropriate Lyapunov function, we prove that when the damping is linear, we can find initial data, for which the solution decays exponentially. This result improves an early one in [4].

  3. Revisiting the stratigraphy of the Mesoproterozoic Chhattisgarh ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    basin; (4) accepting the 'group' status of the Singhora Group and the newly proposed Kharsiya .... (all 1 to 3 U–Pb SHRIMP age of magmatic zircons) 4. Das et .... us question Murti's hypothesis. ... duced this classification probably to equate his.

  4. Stochasticity or the fatal 'imperfection' of cloning

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    duced by a cell is the result of the integration of small quantal events (McAdams ... city in the case of de-repression of the lac operon has recently been .... Changes in the medium ..... eukaryotic gene networks: cell differentiation by graded to.

  5. Algorithms for balancing demand-side load and micro-generation in Islanded Operation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molderink, Albert; Bakker, Vincent; Hurink, Johann L.; Smit, Gerardus Johannes Maria

    2008-01-01

    Micro-generators are devices installed in houses pro- ducing electricity at kilowatt level. These appliances can increase energy ef��?ciency signi��?cantly, especially when their runtime is optimized. During power outages micro- generators can supply critical systems and decrease dis- comfort. In

  6. Genotoxic damage in cultured human peripheral blood lymphocytes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Falaq Naz

    2012-06-29

    Jun 29, 2012 ... Genotoxic damage in cultured human peripheral blood lymphocytes of oral ... catechol estrogens and quinines, via redox reactions causes oxidative damage to .... volume was prepared for each donor. About, 0.8 ml of cell sus .... duce the adverse effects of OCs, such as the reduction in the estrogen content.

  7. Dynamics of Flow in the Region of the Tsugaru Strait.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-01

    possessed sufficient initial vrticity at a strait outlet. Beardslev and Hart (1978) pro- duced anal yr i c sol It i ons -t the out t low ci rcul at ion for a...38. ’da , M . , 1934, Hlydrographical studies based on simll taneous oceano - ,graphi cal surveys made in the Japan Sea and i ts adjacent waters during

  8. Access, Use and Perceptions of Teachers and Students towards Mobile Phones as a Tool for Teaching and Learning in Tanzania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kafyulilo, Ayoub

    2014-01-01

    This study explored the access, use and perceptions of teachers and students towards mobile phones as a tool for facilitating teaching and learning beyond the classroom walls. A total of 29 pre-service teachers and four college instructors from Dar es salaam University College of Education (DUCE) as well as 12 in-service teachers and 40 students…

  9. Attack Trees with Sequential Conjunction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jhawar, Ravi; Kordy, Barbara; Mauw, Sjouke; Radomirović, Sasa; Trujillo-Rasua, Rolando

    2015-01-01

    We provide the first formal foundation of SAND attack trees which are a popular extension of the well-known attack trees. The SAND at- tack tree formalism increases the expressivity of attack trees by intro- ducing the sequential conjunctive operator SAND. This operator enables the modeling of

  10. Application of large-scale sequencing to marker discovery in plants

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2012-10-15

    Oct 15, 2012 ... mate-pair libraries (large insert libraries), RNA-Seq data, reduced ... range of different applications for SGS have been developed and applied to marker ..... duced by human selection for desirable grain qualities. A total of 399 ...

  11. Social and cultural aspects of HIV and AIDS in West Africa: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Helle Samuelsen * Helle Samuelsen is Associate Professor and Head of Department at the Department of Anthropology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Her main research interests are within medical anthropology and global health. She has conducted research in various African countries, particularly in Burkina Faso and Ghana. She is currently starting up a new research project entitled ‘Fragile Futures: Rural Lives in Times of Conflict’. The project is funded by Danida's research council and fieldwork will take place in Burkina Faso and includes four PhD students and two post docs. h.samuelsen@anthro.ku.dk, Ole Norgaard & Lise Rosendal Ostergaard

    2012-06-20

    Jun 20, 2012 ... The main study groups were people living with HIV, young people or female sex workers. ... duced significant results, particularly in terms of the development of life-saving ... main inputs of qualitative research in this particular region: ... dence from urban Senegal and Nigeria indicate that more than. 20% of ...

  12. Synthesis and characterization of saturated polyester and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    but which can actually be used for processes, which pro- duce interesting ... ing the synthesis of saturated polyester (from GPET waste). This has been done for the .... The solid product obtained from the glycolysis of PET was bis(hydroxy ethyl ...

  13. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Investigation of the role of the C–PCM solvent effect in reactivity indices .... The derivative of global hardness (η) has been intro- duced by .... Thus any change of mo- .... differential as a function of (µ, {Qi} under the influ- .... environment should influence the energy of the ..... cal potential for other groups is easy to explain. It is.

  14. Cervical Synovial Sarcoma In a Young Boy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Synovial sarcomas comprise about 8% of all tumours of somatic soft-tissues, and are the most common sar- comas of the 'hands and feet. Occasionally they may occur in the trunk, but they have rarely been reported in the neck. We present a case of cervical soft-tissue mass pro- ducing symptoms in a 12-year-old-boy.

  15. X-ray Time Lags in TeV Blazars X. Chen1,∗ , G. Fossati1, E. Liang1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. We use Monte Carlo/Fokker–Planck simulations to study the. X-ray time lags. Our results show that soft lags will be observed as long as the decay of the flare is dominated by radiative cooling, even when acceleration and cooling time scales are similar. Hard lags can be pro- duced in the presence of a competitive ...

  16. Garment design for an ambulatory pregnancy monitoring system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Perusquia Hernandez, Monica; Chen, W.; Feijs, L.M.G.; Pecchia, L.; Chen, L.L.; Nugent, C.; Bravo, J.

    2014-01-01

    Constant pregnancy monitoring is a promising alternative to reduce the number of stillbirths and preterm delivery due to false alarms. Tele-monitoring systems can provide regular, accurate and timely monitoring to re-duce risks, costs and the time the mothers-to-be spend at hospitals. A smart

  17. Sex determining signal in Drosophila melanogaster

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Addition of almost any segment of the X chromosome pro- duced a shift towards ... It is now well established that the X/A signal acts to set the functional state ... tionally related because a defect in one of them can be partly. COMMENTARY ON ...

  18. A CFD Investigation on the Effect of the Air Entrainment in Breaking Wave Impacts on a Mono-Pile

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tomaselli, Pietro; Christensen, Erik Damgaard

    2017-01-01

    In impacts of breaking waves on offshore structures, it is still not well-known how the air entrainment phenomenon affects the exerted loads. In this paper, a developed CFD solver capable of simulating the air entrainment process was employed to repro-duce an experimental investigation on the imp......In impacts of breaking waves on offshore structures, it is still not well-known how the air entrainment phenomenon affects the exerted loads. In this paper, a developed CFD solver capable of simulating the air entrainment process was employed to repro-duce an experimental investigation...... on the impact of a spilling wave against a circular cylinder. The exerted in-line force was computed with and without the inclusion of dispersed bubbles. Results showed that the magnitude of the computed force was affected when the entrainment of bubbles was simulated....

  19. Sustainable Development in a local perspective (VB)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Lars; Bergendorff, Mads; Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    1999-01-01

    awareness in sustainable development, and the topic is approached with a local planning perspective thus including elements of participation, both in the case study and the proposed strategy.The case study shows that environmental awareness among people in Paru Yai in general is low but it also indicates...... financially by DUCED the university consortium between Danish universities and universities in Thailand, Malaysia and countries in the southern Africa. The aim of DUCED is to educate candidates familiar with development projects and with ability of problem solving cross-professionally and cross......The aim of the project was to gather knowledge about the environmental awareness of people in Paru Yai tambon, Khorat, Thailand. This is done through qualitative interviews and observations of two selected environmental problems - garbage management and electricity consumption in households...

  20. The Study of SINA.com as E-commerce Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉玲

    2013-01-01

    E-commerce is playing an important role in our life. As E-commerce model, SINA is an online media company serv-ing China and the global Chinese communities, which is worth studying. In the paper, the advantages of SINA.com will be intro-duced. After that, you can know the competition and strategy of SINA.com. Its future development is discussed at the end.

  1. Coordinating Work with Groupware

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pors, Jens Kaaber; Simonsen, Jesper

    2003-01-01

    One important goal of employing groupware is to make possible complex collaboration between geographically distributed groups. This requires a dual transformation of both technology and work practice. The challenge is to re­duce the complexity of the coordination work by successfully inte....... Using the CSCW frame­work of coordination mechanisms, we have elicited six general factors influencing the integration of the groupware application in two situations....

  2. Photography Reframed

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Dahlgren

    2016-01-01

    This article discusses the benefits of analysing photography as mediated, repro-duced and entangled in media systems, and consequently as part of a larger media culture. Moreover it combines technological considerations drawn from media ar-chaeology with art historical analysis focusing on visual aesthetics. It considers two mediating devices for photography in the nineteenth century, the photo album and the illustrated press. As displayed, a media historical perspective airs new interpre-tat...

  3. Nontarget Effects of Aerial Mosquito Adulticiding With Water-Based Unsynergized Pyrethroids on Honey Bees and Other Beneficial Insects in an Agricultural Ecosystem of North Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    efÞcacy, the applications occur during crepuscular or nocturnal hours when some major nuisance and pathogen -transmitting mosqui- toes are active...Ephestia kuh- niellaZeller (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae)eggs andaphids. The use of aphids as a food source signiÞcantly re- duced the degree of cannibalism in...increasing prevalence of mosquito-borne pathogenic diseases in theEuropean community, such as the recent West Nile Virus epidemic in North Greecewith 261

  4. AcEST: BP918031 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tX Result : Swiss-Prot sp_hit_id Q09033 Definition sp|Q09033|FRQ_SORFI Frequency clock protein OS=Sordaria f...ducing significant alignments: (bits) Value sp|Q09033|FRQ_SORFI Frequency clock protein OS=Sordaria fimicola...... 30 8.1 >sp|Q09033|FRQ_SORFI Frequency clock protein OS=Sordaria fimicola GN=FRQ PE=3 SV=1 Length = 997 S

  5. JPRS Report, East Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-17

    21 Oct] ............................................. 38 THM Dal Plans Clothing Goods Store Franchises [RYNKI ZAGRANICZNE 7 Oct...former classmate Radomir Mladenovic, nick- General Dobrnjac was supposed to have lived. All we named Duce, the owner of the Boter cafe . had left was a... cafe . I know that he would stayed with their mother in Pozarevac. Slobodan not like it, even though he is an idol for many people Milosevic’s father

  6. Chesapeake Bay Low Freshwater Inflow Study. Biota Assessment. Phase II. Main Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-01

    Energy, U.S. Geological Survey, Maryland Department of Natural Resources *a (Tidewater and Water Supply Divisions), Maryland Department of Health , Virginia...diverse assemblage of rooted species, including Typha spp., Phragmites, Zizania, Hibiscus , 4 Sagittaria, and many others. These plants are very important...ro(duced froshwatc’r inflow on health and productivity of key Chesapeake Bay organisms. DIRECT IMPACT (OR EFFECT) - a change in the basic physical

  7. X-Ray Polarization Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-07-01

    diagnosis of abnormal nipple discharge. The contrast agent is generally intro- duced via the orifice in the nipple that has been iden- tified as the...galactography intends to introduce contrast material only into the ductal lu- men . In this context, it is noteworthy that Cabioglu et al (25), in a study of the...differential diagnosis of nipple discharge, reported that one patient had “an unusual communication between the ductal system and a large mammary

  8. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-05-31

    1) Produce new, high-yield, disease-resistant animals, duction of grains, fertilizer, and livestock; 2) Put priority hybrid rice, transgenic plants...high-nutrition grains, test- on biotechnologically developed new products in agri- tube calves, transgenic fishes and livestock; locate rice culture...Biotechnology, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, duced and genetically transferred to such crops as rice, Beijing] wheat , and corn. Back in the

  9. Potential Applications of Alkali-Activated Alumino-Silicate Binders in Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-11-01

    portland 14 cement clinker) are to be blended, they are generally not ground together. However, some plasticizers (such as alkali lignosulphonate ) have a...34--- 31. Activators may also contain wetting agents (plasticizers) to re- duce the amount of water needed and to assist in mixing. Lignosulphonates ...or sulphonated lignins, have proven to be more effective than melamine or naphthalene-based superplastiCizers (Forss 1981, 1982). Lignosulphonates can

  10. Optimal Recovery Trajectories for Automatic Ground Collision Avoidance Systems (Auto GCAS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    Harmon) Weilhouwer, Judson Brohmer, Aaron ‘Cdot’ George, Dave ‘Cools’ Cooley, and all the brave men and women who have lost their lives to ground... inequality constraints µ aircraft bank angle µmax upper bounds on aircraft bank angle µmin lower bounds on aircraft bank angle ω aircraft turn rate τ...interested in implementing a safety campaign to re- duce workplace injury rate just as then Treasury Secretary Paul O’Neill had done while President and Chief

  11. Water Quality, Macroinvertebrates, and Fisheries in Tailwaters and Related Streams. An Annotated Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-05-01

    more rapidly available source of energy and protein below the dam than that normally present in unregulated streams. Benthic diversity was lowest at...robusta; bluehead sucker, Pantosteus delphinus; and humpback sucker, Xyrauchen texanus) in Dinosaur National Monument were con- ducted from May 1964 to...duced successfully in Dinosaur National Monument every year since impoundment. During years of high summer discharge from the dam resultant lower water

  12. Development and Field Test of the Trial Battery for Project A

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-05-01

    report. Carol Wyman has been brilliant and tireless in her efforts to produce innumerable, readable documents from the nearly indecipherable handwriting ...amount of emotional stability and stress tolerance that one possesses. The well-adjusted person is generally calm, displays an even mood , and is not overly...Center) This data file is pro- duced by The National Isixtitute of Education and covers the following subject areas: adult , career, ind vocational

  13. Attitudes of Major Soviet Nationalities. Volume IV. Central Asia. Kazakhstan, Kirgizistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-06-01

    clothing and especially their cuisine , however, retain many traditional elements in addition to those intro- duced from other cultures. 8 I...among Soviet Moslems, the French scholar feels that "the storm which will burst when the Moslem intelligentsia claims real independence iBennigson...nonetheless presistent and pervasive. The French scholars Alexandre Bennigsen and Chantal Lemercier-Quelquejay, for example, have written: Soviet authors

  14. Integrated removal of inorganic contaminants from acid mine drainage using BOF slag, lime, soda ash and reverse osmosis (RO): Implication for the production of drinking water

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Masindi, Vhahangwele

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available softeners will pro- duce water of drinking standard. Acknowledgements The authors wish to express their sincere gratitude to the Council for Scientific and Industrial research (CSIR), Tshwane University of Technology for providing lab space to execute... quality. As such, this study proved that the coupling of RO process to BOF slag and different softeners will produce water of drinking standard. Acknowledgements The authors wish to express their sincere gratitude to the Council for Scientific...

  15. Exogenous vs. Endogenous Separation

    OpenAIRE

    Ramey, Garey

    2008-01-01

    This paper assesses how various approaches to modelling the separation margin a¤ect the ability of the Mortensen-Pissarides job matching model to explain key facts about the aggregate labor market. Allowing for realistic time variation in the separation rate, whether exogenous or endogenous, greatly in- creases the unemployment variability generated by the model. Speci…cations with exogenous separation rates, whether constant or time-varying, fail to pro- duce realistic volatility and prod...

  16. On the Essence of the Mind and the Object of Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    1960-07-26

    a simple reflectional process. At one time, Wundt , unable to discriminate between the object of psychology and the object of physiology, intro...duced the new term "physiological psychology." As the objects of this science Wundt lists those vital processes which have an external as well as an...physiology alone." According to Wundt perception represents, on the one hand, only a psychological fact and, on the other hand, only a physiological act. It

  17. Atoms – How Small, and How Large!

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    found in the Bohr atom model, the birth centenary of which is celebrated in the year 2013. Neils Bohr intro- duced in his model the quantization (occurrence of dis- ... free or isolated H-atom is of the order of 1 Å = 10. −10 m. The quantity a0 is quite fundamental and it serves as a unit of length in the atomic–molecular physics.

  18. Role of Neurotensin in Radiation-Induced Hypothermia in Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    radiation-in- appears to mediate neurotensin-induced hylothemnia becaus duced hypothermia and to elucidate the mechanisms in- th mas cell stabilizer...of neurotensin an- tibody alone had no effect on body temperature. An ICV administration of the mast cell stabilizer disodium cromo- 30 3 120glycate...David Kopf Instruments. No. 320) A single cannula was in- pear to be centrally mediated (4. 5). H- stamine has been serteil aseptically into the

  19. Air and Space Power Journal. Volume 26, Number 4, July-August 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    them from nuclear threats; in return, nations under this umbrella of ED allow the United States to deploy troops on their soil to form its forward...COMMANDER OPERATIONAL COMMANDER OPERATIONAL COMMANDER TACTICAL COMMANDER TACTICAL COMMANDER O PE RA TI NG ENVIRO NM ENT Figure 4...Air Force to hit a fleeting tar­ get from home soil , far from an American military presence while re­ ducing or eliminating collateral damage.73 This

  20. Aviation Fueling: A Cleaner, Greener Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Considered a noxious weed, it produces 5–10 kg-biomass/m2-yr (similar to macroalgae ), a source of pyrolysis fuels with beneficial water treatment International...donax) pro- duce 23–50 ton/acre. It tolerates some salinity and brackish waters and also overwhelms native vegetation. Seaweed, a macroalgae , has...halophytes, algae, cyanobacteria, and “weeds” using wastelands, waste water , and seawater— have the capacity to be drop-in fuel replacements for

  1. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 19, Number 9, September 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    naturally occur- ring fungi found primarily in the soil of large areas of the southwestern United States and Central and South America . Approximately...34 en vary between data sources.7 # is report underestimates the num- bers of noncombat ! rearm-related deaths and injuries among U.S. military mem...Eastern equine encephalitis, dengue , and Chikungunya viruses.4,11 Ochlerotatus japonicus " eobald: Och- lerotatus japonicus " eobald was intro- duced

  2. Translations on Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, Number 284.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-02-10

    they also cultivate the land, so as to find in nature, through work therapy , the release and sublima- tion they sought in drugs. "These 6 months of...The sierra of Sinaloa pro- duces, nevertheless, an amount of money three times greater than the fertile valley of Culiacan, where horticulture has... children of 10 in much the same way as among adults. He said, "Drug addiction in Morelos is under attack by the Secretariats of Public Education /SEP7

  3. European Science Notes Information Bulletin Reports on current European/ Middle Eastern Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    investigating. bug worm . Experimental facilities consist of an open circuit In the area of instrumentation development and new lx--m subsonic tunnel...stresseoromentsud a sharp rise in the rms output. The sep- duced. Stress measurements are curren- wtha slantd se-sensor h-wem red aration bubble extends from about 30... wiggler in trans- tating about its axis. The method of data surface when the angle of incidence is 15 mission geometry and in samples up to 15 analysis

  4. An Evaluation of Coarse-Grained Locking for Multicore Microkernels

    OpenAIRE

    Elphinstone, Kevin; Zarrabi, Amirreza; Danis, Adrian; Shen, Yanyan; Heiser, Gernot

    2016-01-01

    The trade-off between coarse- and fine-grained locking is a well understood issue in operating systems. Coarse-grained locking provides lower overhead under low contention, fine-grained locking provides higher scalability under contention, though at the expense of implementation complexity and re- duced best-case performance. We revisit this trade-off in the context of microkernels and tightly-coupled cores with shared caches and low inter-core migration latencies. We evaluate performance on ...

  5. Chasing Shadows in the Outer Solar System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    1 Ancient Greek philosophers payed great attention to astronomy , and pro- duced a variety of theories to describe the motion of objects in the sky...in Physics and Astronomy Presented to the Faculties of the University of Pennsylvania in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the degree of...know what matters! Popeye The work presented in Chapers 3, 4 & 5 was accomplished with the col- laboration of the entire TAOS team: C. Alcock (Harvard

  6. A new approach to control a deflection of an electroplated microstructure: dual current electroplating methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Hyun-Ho; Seo, Min-Ho; Han, Chang-Hoon; Yoon, Jun-Bo

    2013-01-01

    We propose and demonstrate a simple and novel method to control the deflection in a suspended microstructure by using a dual current electroplating (DuCE) method. The key concept of this method is to divide the structure into two layers—a bottom layer and a top layer—and then apply respective current densities in electroplating to those two layers while all other conditions are kept the same. In addition to a flat structure, the direction of structure bending is freely controlled by virtue of the DuCE method. Cantilever Ni beams with a length of 400 µm, which were electroplated by the conventional single current electroplating method, bent downward with a deflection of 3.4 µm. On the contrary, by the DuCE method, cantilever beams with a length of 400 µm showed an almost flat structure as desired. (The current densities of the bottom layer, the top layer, and the ratio of the two current densities, are 0.15, 1.24 A dm −2 , and 8.3, respectively.) Consequently, a nickel electroplated spiral structure with a length of 8600 µm was suspended flat with an end deflection of less than 0.7 µm (the ratio between the deflection and length is 0.007%). This work therefore represents the unprecedented ultra-long suspended microstructure with submicrometer deflection. (paper)

  7. Policy-Aware Sender Anonymity in Location-Based Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vyas, Avinash

    2011-01-01

    Sender anonymity in Location-based services (LBS) refers to hiding the identity of a mobile device user who sends requests to the LBS provider for services in her proximity (e.g. "find the nearest gas station etc."). The goal is to keep the requester's interest private even from attackers who (via hacking or subpoenas) gain access to the LBS…

  8. 29 CFR 1921.18 - Witnesses and fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Witnesses and fees. 1921.18 Section 1921.18 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT Miscellaneous § 1921.18 Witnesses and fees. Witnesses subpoenaed by any party...

  9. 78 FR 19757 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ...: Commissioners' Conference Room, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland STATUS: Public and Closed Week of... Quash Subpoena Filed by the Shaw Group, Inc. (Tentative) This meeting will be webcast live at the Web... meeting will be webcast live at the Web address--www.nrc.gov Week of April 8, 2013--Tentative There are no...

  10. 10 CFR 13.26 - Filing and service of papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... found in the E-Filing Guidance and on the NRC Web site at http://www.nrc.gov/site-help/e-submittals.html... electronically to the E-Filing system. In addition, optical storage media (OSM) containing the entire filing must... document (e.g., motion to quash subpoena). (6) Filing is complete when the filer performs the last act that...

  11. 42 CFR 414.68 - Imaging accreditation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... relates to the past year's accreditations and trends. (viii) Attest that the organization will not perform... past year's accreditation activities and trends. (h) Continuing Federal oversight of approved... to compel by subpoena the production of witnesses, papers, or other evidence. (v) Within 45 calendar...

  12. 7 CFR 1.216 - Appearance as a witness or production of documents on behalf of a party other than the United...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Witnesses in Judicial or Administrative Proceedings § 1.216 Appearance as a witness or production of... employee of USDA served with a valid summons, subpoena, or other compulsory process demanding his or her... States in a judicial or administrative proceeding in which the United States is a party, shall promptly...

  13. 7 CFR 1.213 - Appearance as a witness on behalf of the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Appearance of USDA Employees as Witnesses in Judicial or Administrative Proceedings § 1.213 Appearance as a... United States in any judicial or administrative proceeding without the issuance of a summons, subpoena, or other compulsory process. Employees should obtain permission for such an appearance from their...

  14. 78 FR 42886 - Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Tariff Publication Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    ... receipt of service of judicial and administrative process (including subpoenas). (g) Termination or... registration process requiring foreign-based unlicensed NVOCCs to provide basic information about their identity, appoint an agent for service of process, or agree to comply with legitimate document requests is...

  15. 7 CFR 1.214 - Appearance as a witness on behalf of a party other than the United States where the United States...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... in Judicial or Administrative Proceedings § 1.214 Appearance as a witness on behalf of a party other... valid summons, subpoena, or other compulsory process demanding his or her appearance, or otherwise requested to appear on behalf of a party other than the United States in a judicial or administrative...

  16. 18 CFR 375.309 - Delegations to the General Counsel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., compel their attendance and testimony, take evidence, compel the filing of special reports and... and affirmations, subpoena witnesses, compel their attendance and testimony, take evidence, compel the... Policy Act of 1978, 15 U.S.C. 3301-3432 (1982). (f) Deny or grant, in whole or in part, petitions for...

  17. 46 CFR 201.125 - Attendance and mileage fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Attendance and mileage fees. 201.125 Section 201.125 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION POLICY, PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Subpoenas (Rule 12) § 201.125 Attendance and mileage fees. Persons attending...

  18. 45 CFR 2.1 - Scope, purpose, and applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... violence. The nurse is subsequently served with a subpoena to testify in a criminal proceeding against one... judicial and administrative proceedings. (d) This part does not apply to: (1) Any civil or criminal... 20-,involving the Food and Drug Administration. (7) Any civil or criminal proceedings in State court...

  19. 25 CFR 571.10 - Geographical location.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Geographical location. 571.10 Section 571.10 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR COMPLIANCE AND ENFORCEMENT PROVISIONS MONITORING AND INVESTIGATIONS Subpoenas and Depositions § 571.10 Geographical location. The attendance of...

  20. 12 CFR 792.67 - Security of systems of records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Security of systems of records. 792.67 Section... AND PRIVACY ACT, AND BY SUBPOENA; SECURITY PROCEDURES FOR CLASSIFIED INFORMATION The Privacy Act § 792.67 Security of systems of records. (a) Each system manager, with the approval of the head of that...

  1. 12 CFR 309.7 - Service of process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service of process. 309.7 Section 309.7 Banks... INFORMATION § 309.7 Service of process. (a) Service. Any subpoena or other legal process to obtain information... is named as a party, service of process shall be made pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil...

  2. 46 CFR 515.24 - Agent for service of process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Agent for service of process. 515.24 Section 515.24... agent for service of process. Any person serving the Secretary must also send to the ocean... Secretary. (c) Service of administrative process, other than subpoenas, may be effected upon the legal agent...

  3. 12 CFR 1102.310 - Service of process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service of process. 1102.310 Section 1102.310... Office, Procedures, Public Information § 1102.310 Service of process. (a) Service. Any subpoena or other... 20006. Where the ASC is named as a party, service of process shall be made pursuant to the Federal Rules...

  4. 45 CFR 501.3 - Service of process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service of process. 501.3 Section 501.3 Public... UNITED STATES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RULES OF PRACTICE SUBPOENAS, DEPOSITIONS, AND OATHS § 501.3 Service of process. (a) By whom served. The Commission will serve all orders, notices and other papers issued...

  5. 20 CFR 403.110 - What special definitions apply to this part?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... as a contractor by SSA, any person performing services for SSA under an agreement (such as an officer... action, hearing, investigation, or similar proceeding before a court, commission, board, agency, or other... employee, including any order, subpoena, or other command issued in a legal proceeding as well as any...

  6. Scholars Worry Conflicts over Data Could Hamstring Future Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparks, Sarah D.

    2010-01-01

    The recent high-profile data-confidentiality fights in Arizona and Los Angeles have researchers worried that access to educators may become a difficult path. In the course of a decadelong federal lawsuit over English-language-learner programs in Arizona, lawyers for state schools chief Tom Horne subpoenaed the raw data from three studies…

  7. 16 CFR 1000.11 - Delegation of functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Delegation of functions. 1000.11 Section... FUNCTIONS § 1000.11 Delegation of functions. Section 27(b)(9) of the Consumer Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C... to issue subpoenas, to any officer or employee of the Commission. Delegations are documented in the...

  8. 39 CFR 230.24 - How is a demand for employee documents or testimony made to the Office of Inspector General?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How is a demand for employee documents or testimony made to the Office of Inspector General? 230.24 Section 230.24 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL Rules Governing Compliance With Subpoenas, Summonses, and Court Orders by Postal...

  9. 18 CFR 1b.9 - Confidentiality of investigations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidentiality of investigations. 1b.9 Section 1b.9 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION... pursuant to subpoena, and all investigative proceedings shall be treated as nonpublic by the Commission and...

  10. 39 CFR 230.10 - What do these rules govern?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What do these rules govern? 230.10 Section 230.10 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL Rules Governing Compliance With Subpoenas, Summonses, and Court Orders by Postal Employees Within the...

  11. 39 CFR 230.11 - What special definitions apply to these rules?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What special definitions apply to these rules? 230.11 Section 230.11 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL Rules Governing Compliance With Subpoenas, Summonses, and Court Orders by Postal...

  12. 12 CFR 1780.10 - Service of papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service of papers. 1780.10 Section 1780.10... papers. (a) By the parties. Except as otherwise provided, a party filing papers or serving a subpoena...) Transmission by electronic media, only if the parties mutually agree. Any papers served by electronic media...

  13. 12 CFR 908.26 - Service of papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service of papers. 908.26 Section 908.26 Banks... RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE IN HEARINGS ON THE RECORD General Rules § 908.26 Service of papers. (a) By the parties. Except as otherwise provided, a party filing papers or serving a subpoena shall serve...

  14. 28 CFR 802.26 - Receipt of demand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Receipt of demand. 802.26 Section 802.26... DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS Subpoenas or Other Legal Demands for Testimony or the Production or Disclosure of Records or Other Information § 802.26 Receipt of demand. If, in connection with a proceeding to which the...

  15. 39 CFR 230.21 - May the General Counsel to the Inspector General and/or a U.S. Department of Justice attorney...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May the General Counsel to the Inspector General and/or a U.S. Department of Justice attorney represent the employee in any appearance? 230.21 Section... GENERAL Rules Governing Compliance With Subpoenas, Summonses, and Court Orders by Postal Employees Within...

  16. 30 CFR 227.102 - What royalty management functions will MMS not delegate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... payments shown on royalty reports or other documents, such as bills, to reconcile payor accounts. MMS also... actions other than issuing demands, subpoenas and orders to perform restructured accounting. MMS or the appropriate Federal agency will issue notices of non-compliance and civil penalties, collect debts, write off...

  17. 25 CFR 516.2 - When may a person to whom this part applies give testimony, make a statement or submit to interview?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... testimony, make a statement or submit to interview? 516.2 Section 516.2 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING... whom this part applies give testimony, make a statement or submit to interview? (a) No person to whom... regulation, shall provide testimony, make a statement or submit to interview. (b) Whenever a subpoena...

  18. 13 CFR 142.25 - Can a party or witness object to discovery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... discovery? 142.25 Section 142.25 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Hearing Provisions § 142.25 Can a party or witness object to discovery? Any party or prospective witness may file a motion to quash a subpoena or to limit discovery or the...

  19. 49 CFR 837.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... proceedings) in which the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB or Board) is not a party, and procedures to be followed by the employee upon receipt of a subpoena, order, or other demand (collectively... impartiality of the Board among private litigants; (4) Avoid spending the time and money of the United States...

  20. 49 CFR 804.5 - Grounds on which meetings may be closed or information may be withheld.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... withheld; (d) Disclose trade secrets and commercial or financial information obtained from a person and... subpoena, or the NTSB's participation in a civil action or proceeding, an action in a foreign court or international tribunal, or an arbitration, or the initiation, conduct, or disposition by the NTSB of a...

  1. 32 CFR 242a.4 - Grounds on which meetings may be closed, or information may be withheld.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and commercial or financial information obtained from a person, privileged or confidential; (e... a subpoena, or USUHS participation in a civil action or proceeding, an action in a foreign court or international tribunal, or an arbitration, or the initiation, conduct, or disposition by the USUHS of a...

  2. 10 CFR 1704.4 - Grounds on which meetings may be closed or information may be withheld.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Disclose trade secrets and commercial or financial information obtained from a person and privileged or... subpoena, or the Board's participation in a civil action or proceeding, an action in a foreign court or international tribunal, or an arbitration, or the initiation, conduct, or disposition by the Board of a...

  3. 6 CFR 13.4 - Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Investigation. 13.4 Section 13.4 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.4 Investigation. (a) If an Investigating Official concludes that a subpoena pursuant to the Authority conferred by...

  4. 45 CFR 501.7 - Time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Time. 501.7 Section 501.7 Public Welfare..., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RULES OF PRACTICE SUBPOENAS, DEPOSITIONS, AND OATHS § 501.7 Time. (a) Computation. In computing any period of time prescribed or allowed by the regulations, by order of the Commission, or by any...

  5. 78 FR 45068 - Commission's Rules of Practice and Procedure; Practice Before the Commission, Parties to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-26

    ... hearing, subpoenas, depositions, pleadings and scope of proceedings. To arrange and give notice of hearing... amendments or supplements to pleadings; and, delineate the scope of a proceeding instituted by order of the... call upon the applicant for a full statement of the nature and extent of his or her qualifications. If...

  6. 48 CFR 6101.21 - Hearing procedures [Rule 21].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Nature and conduct of hearings. (1) Except when necessary to maintain the confidentiality of protected... subpoena pursuant to 6101.16(h) (Rule 16(h)). (h) Issues not raised by pleadings. If evidence is objected to at a hearing on the ground that it is not within the issues raised by the pleadings, it may...

  7. 76 FR 27274 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Rules of the Armed Services Board of Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ..., Organization, Forwarding, and Status of Appeal File Rule 5 Motions Rule 6 Pleadings Rule 7 Amendments of Pleadings or Record Rule 8 Hearing Election Rule 9 Prehearing Briefs Rule 10 Prehearing or Presubmission... Party Rule 20 Hearings: Nature, Examination of Witnesses Rule 21 Subpoenas Rule 22 Copies of Papers Rule...

  8. 42 CFR 2.65 - Procedures and criteria for orders authorizing disclosure and use of records to criminally...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... independent of counsel for an applicant who is a person performing a law enforcement function. (c) Review of... person conducting investigative or prosecutorial activities with respect to the enforcement of criminal laws. The application may be filed separately, as part of an application for a subpoena or other...

  9. 76 FR 8755 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-032 Official Passport Application and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-15

    ... employees, including political appointees, civilian, and military personnel (and dependents and family... on DHS employees and former employees, including political appointees, civilian, and military... criminal law proceedings or in response to a subpoena from a court of competent jurisdiction; and to the...

  10. 47 CFR 0.291 - Authority delegated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-hearing related subpoenas for the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books... National Institute of Standards and Technology to perform accreditation of Telecommunication Certification..., 315, 317) [44 FR 18501, Mar. 28, 1979] Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 0...

  11. 12 CFR 602.23 - Responses to demands served on FCA employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Responses to demands served on FCA employees. 602.23 Section 602.23 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS RELEASING....23 Responses to demands served on FCA employees. (a) An employee served with a demand or a subpoena...

  12. 32 CFR 257.3 - Definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definition. 257.3 Section 257.3 National Defense... SERVICE OF PROCESS § 257.3 Definition. Service of Process. When applied to the filing of a court action... delivery of a subpoena for any other reason whether or not the matter involves the United States. ...

  13. 28 CFR 68.28 - Authority of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....28 Section 68.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND... UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.28... so, any pertinent book, paper, or document, or refuses to appear after having been subpoenaed, or...

  14. 49 CFR 1503.607 - Administrative law judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative law judges. 1503.607 Section 1503... PROCEDURES Rules of Practice in TSA Civil Penalty Actions § 1503.607 Administrative law judges. (a) Powers of...) Administer oaths and affirmations. (4) Issue subpoenas authorized by law. (5) Rule on offers of proof. (6...

  15. 20 CFR 725.351 - Powers of adjudication officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... issuance of a subpoena; (4) Prepare documents for the signature of parties; (5) Issue appropriate orders as provided in this part; and (6) Do all other things necessary to enable him or her to discharge the duties... things necessary to enable him or her to discharge the duties of the office. (c) If any person in...

  16. 50 CFR 680.20 - Arbitration System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... participants in the arbitration (recognizing the impact of sales to affiliates on wholesale pricing); (C... pricing); (3) Innovations and developments of the harvesting and processing sectors and the participants... fishery, but the Formula Arbitrator shall not have subpoena power. (vi) The Formula Arbitrator may obtain...

  17. 49 CFR 511.35 - Testimony upon oral examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... sealed envelope on the party conducting the examination. That party shall transmit the envelope to the... envelope endorsed with the title and docket number of the action and marked “Testimony of [name of witness... the examination shall pay for the transcription. (g) Failure to attend or to serve subpoena; expenses...

  18. 29 CFR 101.10 - Hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD STATEMENTS OF PROCEDURES Unfair Labor Practice Cases Under... extraordinary situations the hearing is open to the public and usually conducted in the Region where the charge... evidence material to any matter under investigation may be compelled by subpoena. (b) The functions of all...

  19. 38 CFR 1.511 - Disclosure of claimant records in connection with judicial proceedings generally.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... sickle cell anemia treatment records, which are protected under 38 U.S.C. 7332, where the records sought... and sickle cell anemia treatment records, which are protected under 38 U.S.C. 7332, where the records... virus and sickle cell anemia treatment, a subpoena is insufficient for such disclosure. Specific...

  20. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, October 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-10-01

    This document contains a Commission issuance in which the Commission denies the petitioners' motion to quash or modify a subpoena issued by the NRC staff in the course of an investigation to determine if the petitioners' have violated NRC regulations and to determine if safety-related problems exist at NRC-licensed facilities. The pertinent regulations and the Commission's Memorandum and Order are included

  1. 77 FR 71711 - Commission's Rules Regarding the Office of Managing Director and the Office of Inspector General

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-04

    ...In this document, the Federal Communications Commission (Commission) amends its rules to reassign to the Office of Managing Director (OMD) certain audit activities formerly assigned to the Office of Inspector General (OIG). The activities concern oversight of the annual audit of the Universal Service Administrative Corporation (USAC) required by the Commission's rules. In addition, the Commission delegates of authority to OMD, in consultation with the Office of General Counsel, to issue subpoenas concerning matters within its jurisdiction.

  2. Superfund TIO videos. Set B. Basics of administrative law, and prp search process: PRP search, information exchange and access. Part 3. Audio-Visual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-01-01

    The videotape is divided into two sections. Section 1 identifies the various types of administrative hearings, including quasi-legislative, quasi-judicial, and hybrid types. Section 2 provides an overview of the PRP search process; explains how and when to issue Section 104(e) letters and administrative subpoenas; outlines the enforcement authorities available in cases of non-compliance; and describes the types of information that can be released to PRPs

  3. Environmental Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lehmann, Martin

    The doctoral research project is co-financed by DUCED-I&UA and is part of a joint effort of Thai, Malay, South African and Danish universities to conduct collaborative research on the overarching theme "Environmental Management: Globalisation and Industrial Governance in Developing Countries......". The PhD project is expected to conclude ultimo 2005. Environmental management and cleaner production (CP) are both internationally recognised as tools for minimising environmental impacts of production or services. However, several studies have shown that especially SMEs, which probably amount to more...

  4. The dynamics of histamine level in patients with chronic urticaria under the influence of different methods of treatment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dytyatkovska Ye.M.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available There was studied the efficiency of different methods of chronic urticaria treatment. All patients were divided into 2 groups depending on treatment scteme. The paper shows the dynamics of histamine level in blood plasma, intestine disbiosis in patients with chronic urticaria under the influence of different treatment complexes. It was proved that there exists the correlation between the serum histamine level and method of treatment. Intro¬ducing bionorm into the treatment allows to decrease histamine level and correspondingly to significantly improve clinical effect and patients’ life quality.

  5. Can Russia Reform? Economic, Political, and Military Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    mestic roots . Without such a change, we can view the reset policy as simply a tactical move on the Kremlin’s part. The new tactics have their cause...the West will either fail or pro- duce imitation mechanisms in Russia so long as they do not address the root links between the country’s internal...in a way Boris Yeltsin, too. Given that, what reasons would the na- tional leadership have to grasp the nettle of reform? Threat. How far has

  6. Company X launch to the Chinese market

    OpenAIRE

    Gilles, Mylene

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to conduct a brand study for Company X, which pro-duces small and medium childcare products. The final objective was to have a better knowledge of the Chinese market to adapt as well as possible the Company X brand strategy comparing with competitors are doing in terms of brand strategy and entry mode solution. The introduction shows the purpose and the objectives of the thesis and the concep-tual framework including all the theoretical concepts developed. Th...

  7. An Introduction to Fractals and Chaos

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-01

    figures in this report were created with programs written in Turbo Pascal 4.0 on a Zenith 248 with EGA. They are in the public domain. A figure was...upgraded both his graphics 1975, with the publication of his first and photographic equipment to pro- book in French, translated into English duce, with...spi.ce 1v.rtr!0!ts .... ....,, ,, ..... ,. -, 1 0 0.8 b 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 Figure 3. A parafita i the ield of aaus’ i’arer ;% omnics , thi t. uiac 1, .- ~VO.iil

  8. Improving Stochastic Communication Network Performance: Reliability vs. Throughput

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    increased to one. 2) arc survivabil.. ities will be increased in increments of one tenths. and 3) the costs to increase- arc si’rvivabilities were equal and...This reliability value is leni used to maximize the associated expected flow. For Net work A. a bIdget of (8)() pro(duces a tradcoff point at (.58.37...Network B for a buidgel of 2000 which allows a nel \\\\ork relial)ilitv of one to be achieved and a bidget of 1200 which allows for ;, maximum 57

  9. Durchbruch e turgore. Tendenze regressive in «Gehirne» di Gottfried Benn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Di Noi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The so-called Rönne-complex belongs to Benn’s early prose production and consists of a cycle of short texts held together by the anti-hero Rönne. Although he presents features which might suggest an identification with his author, the main character is not to be re­duced to a mere mask or to Benn’s alter ego. Rönne represents only a partial autobio­graphical projection of his author, as he is exclusively concerned with the problem of art and expression. According to Nietzsche, he can only justify the world as a work of art.

  10. AcEST: DK963585 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available sp_hit_id Q5XHH7 Definition sp|Q5XHH7|SYVNB_XENLA E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase synoviolin-B OS=Xenopus laevi...ducing significant alignments: (bits) Value sp|Q5XHH7|SYVNB_XENLA E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase synoviolin...iquitin-protein ligase synoviolin-B OS=Xenopus laevis GN=syvn1-B PE=2 SV=1 Length = 595 Score = 30.8 bits (6

  11. Virtual Things for Machine Learning Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Bovet , Gérôme; Ridi , Antonio; Hennebert , Jean

    2014-01-01

    International audience; Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices, especially sensors are pro-ducing large quantities of data that can be used for gather-ing knowledge. In this field, machine learning technologies are increasingly used to build versatile data-driven models. In this paper, we present a novel architecture able to ex-ecute machine learning algorithms within the sensor net-work, presenting advantages in terms of privacy and data transfer efficiency. We first argument that some classes of ...

  12. Velocity-independent layer stripping of PP and PS reflection traveltimes

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Dewangan, P.; Tsvankin, I.

    The principle of the PP + PS = SS method can be used to carry out exact layer stripping for both pure and mode-converted waves in anisotropic media. The main assumptions of the algorithm intro- duced here are that the overburden is laterally homogeneous and has... horizontal and dipping interfaces in each layer H20849Alkhalifah and Tsvankin, 1995; Tsvankin, 2005H20850. This requirement, which is often difficult to satisfy in practice, is no long- er needed if the interval moveout is computed by the velocity...

  13. Investigation into the Friction and Roughness Properties of Prints Using Conventional and UV Inks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giedrė Giraitytė

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article experimentally investigates the properties of offset print friction and determines static and kinetic coeffi­cients of friction. Conventional and UV inks have been found to increase the static friction coefficient and re­duce the kinetic friction coefficient between paper and print. The roughness pro­perties of two different types of paper and prints using conventional and UV inks have been examined and compared thus determining that conventional inks strongly increase the roughness of print surface and that the influence of UV inks depend on the type of paper.

  14. Internet Freedom and Political Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    of 10 percent in work norms. This spread into a more general 34 Mark Pittaway, “The Education of Dissent: The Reception of the Voice of Free Hungary...two months of the enactment, YouTube found itself the first major gov- ernment target when the Russian authorities demanded that it remove the trailer ...to the widely reviled movie “Innocence of Muslims,” pro- duced by an anti-Muslim provocateur. The authorities gave YouTube until November 1, 2012, to

  15. Tunnel Design by Rock Mass Classifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Engineering," revised second edition, Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London, 1977, pp 113-115 and 150-192. 42. Selmer - Olsen , R., and Broch, E...to wall when a)/03 > 10, re- stability) ................ 10-5 0.66-0.33 0.5-2.0 duce oc and ot to L. Mild rock burst (massive 0.6 cc and 0.6 on rock ...5-2.5 0.33-0.16 5-10 where: 0 c = uncon-fined compression M. Heavy rock burst (massive strength, at = rock

  16. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    of this article, w e had intro- duced the notion of q u a d ra tic rec ip ro c ity and dw elt brie°y on its history, w hich goes back all the w ay to the w ork of Ferm at. T hen w e dis- cussed the L aw ofQ uadratic R eciprocity (`Q R L '), w hich G auss nam ed T heorem a A ureum . Follow - ing this, w e gave a not too w ell know n proof ...

  17. IL-9-Producing Mast Cell Precursors and Food Allergy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    that Stat6-/- BM progenitors in sensitized wild type recipients that were competent in GFP- CD4+ST2+TH2 and ILC2s ( innate lymphoid cells ) generation, and...report demonstrated that type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) lack cell lineage markers and have the potential to pro- duce IL-9 (Wilhelm et al., 2011...Fujii, H., and Koyasu, S. (2010). Innate production of T(H)2 cytokines by adipose tissue-associated c-Kit(+)Sca-1(+) lymphoid cells . Nature 463, 540–544

  18. AcEST: DK953214 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available hit_id Q8S3M2 Definition tr|Q8S3M2|Q8S3M2_AZOFI Metallothionein-like protein 2 OS=Azolla...ducing significant alignments: (bits) Value tr|Q8S3M2|Q8S3M2_AZOFI Metallothionein-like protein 2 OS=Azoll... Metallothionein OS=Amaranthus cruentus PE... 41 0.026 >tr|Q8S3M2|Q8S3M2_AZOFI Metallothionein-like protein 2 OS=Azolla

  19. Underwater Electrical Safety Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    Raferty, E.B., et al.,"Disturbances of Heart Rhythm Pro- duced by 50 Hz Leakage Current in Human Subjects," Cardio - vascular Research, Vol. 9, 1975...L 0 hii ccc 0%0 ha U.,- 1CCILJ I0 0. L N I- I 2o Cz fu*co Tc w .9000 uU ULVx C 0 L Xl 00 -Z 4 LU W UlCC cn 10. tit 0 000 coo Z CN 4- N’N hiit ww o~c

  20. Il posto del lavoro nella sicurezza sociale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Turcio

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Italian labour market is crossed in various ways by flows of polarization pro- duced by neoliberal policies and the new economy of ICT. Main victims are wom- en, young people, immigrants, especially those labour forces residing in the South. Policies implemented by the government provide partial and sometimes contradic- tory answers. But what is necessary primarily in the South, in addition to the social and labour policies, is the stronger and structural activation of policies for creating demand and not only for increasing labour supply.

  1. Metrication of MIL-HDBK-5C

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-08-01

    is presented here for the sake of unifor- appropriate Federal, Military, or SAE Aerospacemity and to emphasize certain principles of Material...Considerations. -The indicated for air melted steel heat treated to pro- AISI or SAE alloy steels contain, in addition to duce a quench structure...D6ACb D6ACc 1379 MPa -- AISI 8740 AISI 4140 AISI 4 3 40 b AISI 4340 c AISI 4 340 d AMS Gradesbe AMS Gradesce D6ACb 1,6ACc 1241 MPa AISI 4130 AISI 8735

  2. Integration of Sustainable Practices into Standard Army MILCON Designs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ERDC/CERL TR-11-27 156 of growing ponds within the landscape or retrofitting an algae tube net- work onto a facility could be significant.239...harvesting, swales, bioretention ponds ) ERDC/CERL TR-11-27 12 Table 4. Favored LEED credit categories.7 2.2.2 ECB 2010-14 ECB No. 2010-14...the source with micro -scale controls scattered throughout the site. LID aims to re- duce the impacts of development and preserve the land’s natural

  3. Using Cesium for 3D Thematic Visualisations on the Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gede, Mátyás

    2018-05-01

    Cesium (http://cesiumjs.org) is an open source, WebGL-based JavaScript library for virtual globes and 3D maps. It is an excellent tool for 3D thematic visualisations, but to use its full functionality it has to be feed with its own file format, CZML. Unfortunately, this format is not yet supported by any major GIS software. This paper intro- duces a plugin for QGIS, developed by the author, which facilitates the creation of CZML file for various types of visualisations. The usability of Cesium is also examined in various hardware/software environments.

  4. Continuous Ultra-Thin MOS2 Films Grown by Low-Temperature Physical Vapor Deposition (Postprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    MoS2 target of 99.95% purity. The SiO2 and highly oriented pyrolitic graphite (HOPG) substrates were intro- duced via a vacuum load- lock and mounted on...im- mediately prior insertion into a sample vacuum load- lock . In this work, the samples were heated to 350 C and allowed to rotate at approximately...136805 (2010). 6H. Terrones, F. Lopez-Urias, and M. Terrones, Sci. Rep. 3(203), 1549 (2013). 7H. Li, Q. Zhang, C. C. R. Yap, B. K. Tay, T. H. T. Edwin

  5. Soluble Factors from Biofilms of Wound Pathogens Modulate Human Bone Marrow-derived Stromal Cell Differentiation, Migration, Angiogenesis, and Cytokine Secretion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-28

    Island, NY) supple- mented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 10 U peni - cillin mL−1 and streptomycin 10 μg mL−1 at 37°C in 5 % CO2. For all studies...average, the exposure to BCM re- duced the migration capacity by > 6 fold compared to the untreated growth control (Figure 4E). hBMSCs enhance the... enhanced release of factors promoting bone resorption [24]. Prior to the current study, the ef- fect of biofilms on hBMSCs had not been studied. The

  6. AcEST: DK947252 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tX Result : TrEMBL tr_hit_id Q4R1A7 Definition tr|Q4R1A7|Q4R1A7_PEDDU Plastocyanin OS=Pediastrum duplex Alig...ducing significant alignments: (bits) Value tr|Q4R1A7|Q4R1A7_PEDDU Plastocyanin OS=Pediastrum duplex GN=Pcy ...5 2.4 >tr|Q4R1A7|Q4R1A7_PEDDU Plastocyanin OS=Pediastrum duplex GN=Pcy PE=4 SV=1 Length = 151 Score = 41.6 b

  7. Building flexible, distributed collaboration tools using type-based publish/subscribe - The Distributed Knight case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Klaus Marius; Damm, Christian Heide

    2004-01-01

    Distributed collaboration is becoming increasingly impor tant also in software development. Combined with an in creasing interest in experimental and agile approaches to software development, this poses challenges to tool sup port for software development. Specifically, tool support is needed...... for flexible, distributed collaboration. We intro duce the Distributed Knight tool that provides flexible and lightweight support for distributed collaboration in object oriented modelling. The Distributed Knight implementa tion builds crucially on the type-based publish/subscribe distributed communication...... paradigm, which provides an effective and natural abstraction for developing distributed collaboration tools....

  8. Influence of atmospheric dry deposition of inorganic nutrients on phytoplankton biomass in the coastal Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Yadav, K.; Sarma, V.V.S.S.; Rao, D.B.; DileepKumar, M.

    mixing due to weak stratification and wind driven mixing supplies significant amount of nutrients to the surface (Prasanna Kumar and Prasad, 1996; de Sousa et al., 1996). Though strong stratification hinders the vertical supply of nutrients during....C; Mahowald ,N., Lima. I; Feely, R.A., Mackenzie, F.T., et al., 2007.Impact of anthropogenic atmospheric nitrogen and sulfur deposition on ocean acidification and the inorganic carbon system. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104:14580–85. Duce, R. A., et al. 2008...

  9. Optimization of Moving Coil Actuators for Digital Displacement Machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgård, Christian; Bech, Michael Møller; Roemer, Daniel Beck

    2016-01-01

    This paper focuses on deriving an optimal moving coil actuator design, used as force pro-ducing element in hydraulic on/off valves for Digital Displacement machines. Different moving coil actuator geometry topologies (permanent magnet placement and magnetiza-tion direction) are optimized for actu......This paper focuses on deriving an optimal moving coil actuator design, used as force pro-ducing element in hydraulic on/off valves for Digital Displacement machines. Different moving coil actuator geometry topologies (permanent magnet placement and magnetiza-tion direction) are optimized...... for actuating annular seat valves in a digital displacement machine. The optimization objectives are to the minimize the actuator power, the valve flow losses and the height of the actuator. Evaluation of the objective function involves static finite element simulation and simulation of an entire operation...... designs requires approximately 20 W on average and may be realized in 20 mm × Ø 22.5 mm (height × diameter) for a 20 kW pressure chamber. The optimization is carried out using the multi-objective Generalized Differential Evolu-tion optimization algorithm GDE3 which successfully handles constrained multi-objective...

  10. Practicing Multicultural Education through Religiously Affiliated Schools and Its Implications for Social Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftahur Rohman

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Having varied ethnics, cultures, religions, or faiths, Indonesia is considered a multicultural nation in today’s world. This equity can be dangerous; but also can be advantageous if myriad interests of citizens are able to be nurtured through education, including religious schools. The research was conducted to explore multicultural practices in the State-owned Islamic High School (MAN 3 and the Catholic High School (SMA Stella Duce 2 in Yogyakarta Indonesia. Data was gathered via qualitative method by means of comparative study, aiming at seeking similarities and differences on promoting multicultural education values. Findings show similarities of teachers’ attitudes and characteristics as facilitator, accommodator, or assimilator whereas the differences include their leadership role in intrareligious dialog at MAN 3 and dialog leaders at SMA Stella Duce 2. Other issues include diverse understandings of religion and its perceived violence. The research formulates two categories of teacher as being multicultural-intrareligious pluralist and multicultural-intrareligious humanist. It also discusses implications on social change as a result of cultural interchange at those schools.

  11. Interview with Theo Rosier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theo Rosier

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available On 21 January 2009, the Amsterdam Court of Appeal had ordered the Public Prosecution Service (OM to subpoena Dutch politician Geert Wilders for, inter alia, spreading hatred and offending a group because of their religious convictions contrary to articles 137d and 137c of the Dutch Criminal Code. On Monday 24 May, the Amsterdam Court of First Instance rejected all preliminary objections formulated by Wilder's attorney Bram Moszkowicz. High time to scrutinise the precise merits of this prosecution and to re-examine an age old controversy: the perceived clash between the right to freedom of speech and (the right to freedom of religion.

  12. Relationship between energy systems and landscapes. Guidelines and tools for design and management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Ginelli

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Landscapes undergoing conservation, valorisation, management and reconstruction policies, become a fundamental factor for the local/global development of natural, cultural, human and social potentials of territories. With the contribution of technological design culture, the research, having a strong multidisciplinary character, focuses on managing the relationship between energy systems and landscapes with the general aim of subverting and transforming apparent conflicts in synergies, in order to overcome a sectorial and segmented approach barely based on energy performances. Through the introduction of a complex multidimensional methodology of analysis and evaluation the goal of this work, is to develop standards of acceptability, meta-design criteria and guidelines for design, intro- ducing a methodology for multidimen- sional complex analysis and evaluation, to support Public Authorities.

  13. Stability and Control Analysis of V/STOL Type B Aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-03-31

    control deficiency is larger at higher angles of attack. For example at 100 kt (51 m/s), the maximum sideslip is re- duced 2 deg, or 13%, by increasing... DEFICIENCY AREA L O ESIRED ENVELOPEi ( JI~AX SI lO KTI REACTION\\ TTLJJETS I o-TO J %%PLUS AIlERONS)S, E3" :-o e- AILERONS 0 10 20 30 40 so so 70 80 go...DISCRETE-TIME OPTIMAL CONTROL LAW GAINS [(0-I)r1 [C1 atC 2 1 jAtK1 & tK2 1 H D P! CONTROL LAW IN INCREMENTAL FORM ERROR DYNAMICS: Ak = Aak - Cl( ak

  14. Dicty_cDB: SLH273 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SL (Link to library) SLH273 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U16280-1 SLH273P (Link to Original site) SLH2...73F 241 SLH273Z 294 SLH273P 535 - - Show SLH273 Library SL (Link to library) Clone ID SLH2... URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SL/SLH2-D/SLH273Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SLH2...73P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SLH273 (SLH273Q) /CSM/SL/SLH2-D/SLH2...ducing significant alignments: (bits) Value SLH273 (SLH273Q) /CSM/SL/SLH2-D/SLH273Q.Seq.d/ 868 0.0 SSK467 (S

  15. 7Li(18O, 17N8Be reaction and the 17N + 8Be-potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. T. Rudchik

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Angular distributions of the 7Li(18O, 17N8Be reaction were measured for the transitions to the ground states of 8Be and 17N and excited states of 17N at the energy Elab(18O = 114 MeV. The data were analyzed with coupled-reaction-channels method for one- and two-step transfers of nucleons and clusters. In the analysis, the 7Li + 18O potential de-duced in the analysis of the elastic 7Li + 18O-scattering data as well as shell-model spectroscopic amplitudes of trans-ferred nucleons and clusters were used. Parameters of the 8Be + 17N potential were deduced using the reaction data. Contributions of different one- and two-step transfers in the 7Li(18O, 17N8Be reaction cross-section was studied.

  16. Extraction of Fragmentation Functions from Charged Kaon and Pion Production at COMPASS

    CERN Document Server

    Panknin, Regine Antje

    Quark helicity distributions can be accessed by measuring spin asymmetries in polarised deep-inelastic scattering, but for a full flavour separation the precise knowledge of quark fragmentation functions is essential. Those can only be inf erred from experimental data, and are still poorly determined today. The few existing para metrisations of fragmentation functions are derived from world data (mainly on electron-positron annihilation), and often differ considerably, most notably for strange quarks. This thesis presents an independent evaluation of fragmentation functions from deep- inelastic scattering data recorded at the COMPASS experiment. A method of extraction was developed, based on the relation between hadron multiplicities, r h ( x, z ), unpolarised parton distribution functions, q ( x ), and quark fragmentation functions into hadrons, D h d ( z ). (In this work x stands for the Bjorken scaling variable, and z for the fraction of the quark momentum that is transferred to the pro duced hadron.) Mult...

  17. [Exploration and practice of genetics teaching assisted by network technology platform].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ya-Xuan; Zhang, Fei-Xiong; Zhao, Xin; Cai, Min-Hua; Yan, Yue-Ming; Hu, Ying-Kao

    2010-04-01

    More teaching techniques have been brought out gradually along with the development of new technologies. On the basis of those traditional teaching methods, a new platform has been set up by the network technology for teaching process. In genetics teaching, it is possible to use the network platform to guide student studying, promote student's learning interest and study independently by themselves. It has been proved, after exploring and applying for many years, that network teaching is one of the most useful methods and has inimitable advantage comparing to the traditional ones in genetics teaching. The establishment of network teaching platform, the advantage and deficiency and relevant strategies were intro-duced in this paper.

  18. SETTING THE BEAM ONTO THE REFERENCE ORBIT IN NON SCALING FFAG ACCELERATORS

    CERN Document Server

    Tzenov, S I; Muratori, B; Giboudot, Y

    2010-01-01

    De­scribed in the paper are sys­tem­at­ic pro­ce­dures to in­ject and keep the beam on the ref­er­ence tra­jec­to­ry for a fixed en­er­gy, as ap­plied to the EMMA non scal­ing FFAG ac­cel­er­a­tor. The no­tion of ac­cel­er­at­ed or­bits in FFAG ac­cel­er­a­tors has been in­tro­duced and some of their prop­er­ties have been stud­ies in de­tail

  19. Complex Langevin simulation of QCD at finite density and low temperature using the deformation technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagata, Keitro; Nishimura, Jun; Shimasaki, Shinji

    2018-03-01

    We study QCD at finite density and low temperature by using the complex Langevin method. We employ the gauge cooling to control the unitarity norm and intro-duce a deformation parameter in the Dirac operator to avoid the singular-drift problem. The reliability of the obtained results are judged by the probability distribution of the magnitude of the drift term. By making extrapolations with respect to the deformation parameter using only the reliable results, we obtain results for the original system. We perform simulations on a 43 × 8 lattice and show that our method works well even in the region where the reweighing method fails due to the severe sign problem. As a result we observe a delayed onset of the baryon number density as compared with the phase-quenched model, which is a clear sign of the Silver Blaze phenomenon.

  20. Dicty_cDB: VHK207 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available VH (Link to library) VHK207 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U16260-1 VHK207P (Link to Original site) VHK2...07F 371 VHK207Z 713 VHK207P 1064 - - Show VHK207 Library VH (Link to library) Clone ID VHK2...e URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/VH/VHK2-A/VHK207Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID VHK2...07P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >VHK207 (VHK207Q) /CSM/VH/VHK2-A/VHK2...ducing significant alignments: (bits) Value N ( BJ446805 ) Dictyostelium discoideum cDNA clone:ddv63k21, 3'

  1. Dicty_cDB: [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available VF (Link to library) VFC138 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15456-1 VFC138P (Link... to Original site) VFC138F 411 VFC138Z 440 VFC138P 851 - - Show VFC138 Library VF (Link to library) Clone ID VFC138 (Link to dict...yBase) Atlas ID - NBRP ID - dictyBase ID - Link to Contig Contig-U15456-1 Original site URL http://dict...ducing significant alignments: (bits) Value N Y16962 |Y16962.1 Dictyostelium discoideum mRNA for cathepsin D.... 815 0.0 4 AJ243946 |AJ243946.1 Dictyostelium discoideum ctsD gene for cathepsin D, exons 1 to 2. 815 0.0 5

  2. An Approach for Assessing the Benefits of IT Investments in Global Supply Chains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Betz, Michaela; Henningsson, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    -duced by the technology as an isolated product. In contrast, research on global supply chains has shown that benefits generated from IT investments in this domain are typically generated by the coor-dinated use of many stakeholders and by technologies producing complimentary effects in systemic relationships......This paper develops and demonstrates a novel approach for ex-ante assessment of business benefits from IT investments in global supply chains. Extant IT assessment approaches are typically based on the assumption that benefit realization from IT investments involves a single stakeholder and are pro....... The assessment approach in this paper brings the contingent inter-organizational and technological dependencies of IT investments to the forefront of the assessment. It provides actors in industries relating to global supply chains the means to better apprehend the possible benefits from an IT investment...

  3. Method for rudder roll stabilization control by maintaining ship speed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LIU Zhiquan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A ship navigating on the surface of the water may experience greater resistance, adversely affect-ing its speed and leading to energy loss. The added resistance of surface ships in both still water and waves are investigated, and the computation method of total speed loss is presented. An autopilot system is intro-duced to constrain the speed loss, and course keeping and rudder roll stabilization sliding mode control laws are proposed according to a compact control strategy. The two working conditions of "heading" and "heading plus anti-roll" are discussed, including roll stabilization, heading error, speed maintenance and rudder abrasion. The results show that the speed can be effectively maintained using this method, and from a commercial point of view, the fin-rudder roll stabilization control is not recommended for vessels equipped with both fins and rudders.

  4. Stemcell Information: SKIP001099 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available line derived from a neonate.(789013 KURABO)| 新生児皮膚繊維芽細胞(789013 KURABO)由来iPS細胞 human ES-like Res...ication, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application,Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞... SKIP001099 ... Normal WT-2-#32 WT-2-#32 ... 0-9 Male ... -- No Nomal human iPS cell... Modeling type II collagenopathy skeletal dysplasia by directed conversion and in...duced pluripotent stem cells. Okada M, Ikegawa S, Morioka M, Yamashita A, Saito A, Sawai H, Murotsuki J, Oha

  5. From analysis to surface

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bemman, Brian; Meredith, David

    it with a “ground truth” analysis of the same music pro- duced by a human expert (see, in particular, [5]). In this paper, we explore the problem of generating an encoding of the musical surface of a work automatically from a systematic encoding of an analysis. The ability to do this depends on one having...... an effective (i.e., comput- able), correct and complete description of some aspect of the structure of the music. Generating the surface struc- ture of a piece from an analysis in this manner serves as a proof of the analysis' correctness, effectiveness and com- pleteness. We present a reductive analysis......In recent years, a significant body of research has focused on developing algorithms for computing analyses of mu- sical works automatically from encodings of these works' surfaces [3,4,7,10,11]. The quality of the output of such analysis algorithms is typically evaluated by comparing...

  6. The effect of Normast (PEA) on neuropathic pain in spinal cord injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Sven Robert; Bing, Jette; Hansen, Rikke Bod Middelhede

    2015-01-01

    status: Presently, 66 patients (74% male) are included of which 55 have completed the trial. Of those included, 5% have complete tetraplegia, 39% incomplete tetraplegia, 29% complete paraplegia and 27% incomplete paraplegia. Average age at inclusion is 55.3 (±9.5) years and average time since injury is 8......Introduction: Neuropathic pain and spasticity after spinal cord injury (SCI) represent still a significant, unresolved problem causing suffering and re¬duced quality of life in patients with SCI. Treatment of neuropathic pain is a complex and difficult task, and many patients have incom......) on neuropathic pain, and sec¬ondary to study the effect of Normast on spas¬ticity and psychological functioning in patients with spinal cord injury. Population characteristics: Gender, male/female, n 43/15 Age since inclusion, years, mean (SD) 55.3 (9.5) Time since injury, years, mean (SD) 8.8 (8.9) Present...

  7. New serial time codes for seismic short period and long period data acquisition systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kolvankar, V.G.; Rao, D.S.

    1988-01-01

    This paper discusses a new time code for time indexing multichannel short period (1 to 25 hz) seismic event data recorded on a single track of magnetic tape in digital format and discusses its usefulness in contrast to Vela time code used in continuous analog multichannel data recording system on multitrack instrumentation tape deck. This paper also discusses another time code, used for time indexing of seismic long period (DC to 2.5 seconds) multichannel data recorded on a single track of magnetic tape in digital format. The time code decoding and display system developed to provide quick access to any desired portion of the tape in both data recording and repro duce system is also discussed. (author). 7 figs

  8. Emittance growth in coast in the SPS

    CERN Document Server

    Alekou, A; Bartosik, H; Calaga, R

    2017-01-01

    The CERN SPS will be used as a test-bed for the LHCprototype crab-cavities, which will be installed and testedin the SPS in 2018. As the time available for experimen-tal beam dynamics studies with the crab cavities installedin the machine will be limited, a very good preparation isrequired in advance. One of the main concerns is the in-duced emittance growth, driven by phase jitter in the crabcavities. In this respect, several machine development (MD)studies were performed during the past years to quantifyand characterize the emittance evolution of proton beamsin coast in the SPS. In these proceedings, the experimentalobservations from past years are summarized and the MDstudies from 2016 are presented. Finally, a proposal for anexperimental program for 2017 is discussed.

  9. Stemcell Information: SKIP001098 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available line derived from a neonate.(789013 KURABO)| 新生児皮膚繊維芽細胞(789013 KURABO)由来iPS細胞 human ES-like Res...ication, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application,Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞... SKIP001098 ... Normal WT-2-#31 WT-2-#31 ... 0-9 Male ... -- No Nomal human iPS cell... Modeling type II collagenopathy skeletal dysplasia by directed conversion and in...duced pluripotent stem cells. Okada M, Ikegawa S, Morioka M, Yamashita A, Saito A, Sawai H, Murotsuki J, Oha

  10. Dynamic capabilities, creative action, and poetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald MacLean

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Research on dynamic capabilities explores how businesses change enables enterprises to remain competitive. However, theory on dynamic capabilities still struggles to capture novelty, the essence of change. This study argues that a full understanding of strategic change requires us to sharpen our focus on real people and experiences; in turn, we must incorporate other faculties, which almost always operate alongside our logical ones, into our theory. We must pay more attention to the “non­-rational” sides of ourselves—including, but not limited to, our imaginations, intuitions, attractions, biographies, preferences, and aesthetic faculties and capabilities. We argue that all such faculties, on the one hand, are central to our abilities to comprehend and cope with complexity and, on the other hand, foster novel understandings, potential responses, and social creativity. This study intro­duces the possibility of an alternative form of inquiry that highlights the role of poetic faculties in strategic behavior and change.

  11. Performance of the ECR ion source of CERN's heavy ion injector

    CERN Document Server

    Bougarel, M P; Haseroth, H; Langbein, K; Tanke, E

    1995-01-01

    In fall 1994 the new heavy ion injector at CERN was brought into operation successfully and a lead beam of 2.9´107 ions per pulse was accelerated in the SPS up to an energy of 157 GeV/u. The ion source, which was supplied by GANIL (France) was in operation almost continuously over a period of about one year and proved to be very reliable. It pro-duces a current of more than 100 µA of Pb27+ (after the first spectrometer) during the afterglow of the pulsed discharge. The current stays within 5% of the maximum value for a time of about 1 ms, which is more than required by the accel-erators. Measurements of the charge state distribution, emittance and energy spread, which were made during this window, are presented together with other operating data.

  12. Nonlinear Waves In A Stenosed Elastic Tube Filled With Viscous Fluid: Forced Perturbed Korteweg-De Vries Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaik*, Tay Kim; Demiray, Hilmi; Tiong, Ong Chee

    In the present work, treating the artery as a prestressed thin-walled and long circularly cylindrical elastic tube with a mild symmetrical stenosis and the blood as an incompressible Newtonian fluid, we have studied the pro pagation of weakly nonlinear waves in such a composite medium, in the long wave approximation, by use of the reductive perturbation method. By intro ducing a set of stretched coordinates suitable for the boundary value type of problems and expanding the field variables into asymptotic series of the small-ness parameter of nonlinearity and dispersion, we obtained a set of nonlinear differential equations governing the terms at various order. By solving these nonlinear differential equations, we obtained the forced perturbed Korteweg-de Vries equation with variable coefficient as the nonlinear evolution equation. By use of the coordinate transformation, it is shown that this type of nonlinear evolution equation admits a progressive wave solution with variable wave speed.

  13. Rate Predictions and Trigger/DAQ Resource Monitoring in ATLAS

    CERN Document Server

    Schaefer, D M; The ATLAS collaboration

    2012-01-01

    Since starting in 2010, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has pro- duced collisions at an ever increasing rate. The ATLAS experiment successfully records the collision data with high eciency and excel- lent data quality. Events are selected using a three-level trigger system, where each level makes a more re ned selection. The level-1 trigger (L1) consists of a custom-designed hardware trigger which seeds two higher software based trigger levels. Over 300 triggers compose a trig- ger menu which selects physics signatures such as electrons, muons, particle jets, etc. Each trigger consumes computing resources of the ATLAS trigger system and oine storage. The LHC instantaneous luminosity conditions, desired physics goals of the collaboration, and the limits of the trigger infrastructure determine the composition of the ATLAS trigger menu. We describe a trigger monitoring frame- work for computing the costs of individual trigger algorithms such as data request rates and CPU consumption. This framework has been used...

  14. 音乐节奏的功能性与训练技巧探究%On the Function of Music Rhythm and Its Training Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林修婷

    2014-01-01

    在当前高校专业音乐教育中,视唱练耳的课程教学占据着越来越重要的地位。本文结合相关的论著资料以及音乐节奏的多家学说,对音乐节奏的基本要素进行介绍,并且对音乐节奏的功能性与训练技巧进行探究。%In current years , solfeggio teaching plays a more and more important role in the education of music major .Therefore this article according to the works and theories related to the music rhythm intro-duces basic elements , and functions as well the training techniques .

  15. Alvarado score: A valuable clinical tool for diagnosis of acute appendicitis –a retros-pective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swagata Brahmachari1 and Ashwini B. Jajee2

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Appendicitis is a common surgical emergency and diagnosis is still a great challenge. Accurate diagnosis and timely intervention re-duces morbidity and mortality. The present study was conducted to evaluate Alvarado scoring system for diagnosis of acute appen-dicitis in Indian set up. The study was carried out on 200 patients admitted in Surgery ward between January 2009 and December 2010 with right lower quadrant abdominal pain. Alvarado score was calculated and all patients were divided in three groups. Mean age of presentation was 29.12 years and male to female ratio was 1.27:1. Higher the Alvarado score, more is the sensitivity. So pa-tients having score 7 or above had sensitivity of 66%. We con-clude that Alvarado score is unique since it incorporates signs, symptoms and laboratory findings of suspicious patients. Alvarado score can be utilized safely for diagnosis of acute appendicitis.

  16. Stemcell Information: SKIP001100 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available line derived from a neonate.(789013 KURABO)| 新生児皮膚繊維芽細胞(789013 KURABO)由来iPS細胞 human ES-like Res...ication, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application,Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞... SKIP001100 ... Normal WT-2-#33 WT-2-#33 ... 0-9 Male ... -- No Nomal human iPS cell... Modeling type II collagenopathy skeletal dysplasia by directed conversion and in...duced pluripotent stem cells. Okada M, Ikegawa S, Morioka M, Yamashita A, Saito A, Sawai H, Murotsuki J, Oha

  17. Changes In The Heating Degree-days In Norway Due Toglobal Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skaugen, T. E.; Tveito, O. E.; Hanssen-Bauer, I.

    A continuous spatial representation of temperature improves the possibility topro- duce maps of temperature-dependent variables. A temperature scenario for the period 2021-2050 is obtained for Norway from the Max-Planck-Institute? AOGCM, GSDIO ECHAM4/OPEC 3. This is done by an ?empirical downscaling method? which in- volves the use of empirical links between large-scale fields and local variables to de- duce estimates of the local variables. The analysis is obtained at forty-six sites in Norway. Spatial representation of the anomalies of temperature in the scenario period compared to the normal period (1961-1990) is obtained with the use of spatial interpo- lation in a GIS. The temperature scenario indicates that we will have a warmer climate in Norway in the future, especially during the winter season. The heating degree-days (HDD) is defined as the accumulated Celsius degrees be- tween the daily mean temperature and a threshold temperature. For Scandinavian countries, this threshold temperature is 17 Celsius degrees. The HDD is found to be a good estimate of accumulated cold. It is therefore a useful index for heating energy consumption within the heating season, and thus to power production planning. As a consequence of the increasing temperatures, the length of the heating season and the HDD within this season will decrease in Norway in the future. The calculations of the heating season and the HDD is estimated at grid level with the use of a GIS. The spatial representation of the heating season and the HDD can then easily be plotted. Local information of the variables being analysed can be withdrawn from the spatial grid in a GIS. The variable is prepared for further spatial analysis. It may also be used as an input to decision making systems.

  18. Manufacturing the truth: From designing clinical trials to publishing trial data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitstock, Margaret

    2018-01-01

    This paper expands on some of the points made by Deepak Natarajan on techniques used in designing clinical trials of new drugs to ensure favourable outcomes. It also considers the nexus between the manufacturers of new drugs and the publishers of medical journals in which edited versions of these favourable outcomes are presented to the medical fraternity. The argument will be illustrated by referring to the clinical trials of rofecoxib (Vioxx®) and etoricoxib (Arcoxia®). Both these drugs are COX-2 selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) manufactured by Merck and Co. Because of the unparalleled access to Merck's internal confidential documents, due to the subpoenaing of these documents by government and private individuals in civil and criminal actions, we are still learning about the company's unconscionable acts. What we learn can inform our judgement concerning published reports of both new and old drugs.

  19. Political Activity at Harvard College Observatory in the Shapley ERA (1921-1952): Controversy and Consequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welther, Barbara L.

    1993-12-01

    Soon after Harlow Shapley became director of HCO in 1921, he established himself as a scientist who would speak out and take action on national and international issues. Recognizing the importance of international cooperation in astronomy, he frequently traveled abroad and in turn invited foreign scientists to visit and work at HCO. By the mid-1930s, Shapley was actively rescuing refugee scientists in war-torn Europe and placing them in American universities. Both Harvard and the FBI took note of his activities. Shapley feared intervention of any kind from either academia or the government. Desperate for funding, however, he finally went to Washington and lobbied Congress to set up the NSF. Through 1945, when Truman succeeded Roosevelt, Shapley pursued his political activities freely. That year he travelled to Moscow to represent Harvard at the 220th anniversary celebration of the Academy of Sciences. In Moscow he advocated international cooperation between Soviet and American scientists. Consequently, Shapley was subpoenaed for interrogation in 1946 by John Rankin, who served during the Truman administration as a one-man committee to investigate un-American activities. The ordeal infuriated Shapley. Headlines about it infuriated some Harvard alumni who urged the university to fire him. Although Shapley was nearing retirement, President Conant stood by his right to keep his job. By 1950, when Senator Joseph McCarthy was compiling a list of Communist sympathizers in the State Department, the FBI had a dossier on Shapley. McCarthy subpoenaed Shapley, but could not intimidate him. The Senator continued the witch hunt with Shapley's associates. First he harassed Martha Betz Shapley, then Donald Menzel. Both cleared themselves. Other associates, such as Bart Bok, were spared. Ultimately, the interrogation worked in Menzel's favor. It disassociated him from Shapley's ideology and political activities. When the Harvard Corporation sought the next director of HCO, Menzel

  20. Scanning tunneling microscopy III theory of STM and related scanning probe methods

    CERN Document Server

    Güntherodt, Hans-Joachim

    1993-01-01

    While the first two volumes on Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) and its related scanning probe (SXM) methods have mainly concentrated on intro­ ducing the experimental techniques, as well as their various applications in different research fields, this third volume is exclusively devoted to the theory of STM and related SXM methods. As the experimental techniques including the reproducibility of the experimental results have advanced, more and more theorists have become attracted to focus on issues related to STM and SXM. The increasing effort in the development of theoretical concepts for STM/SXM has led to considerable improvements in understanding the contrast mechanism as well as the experimental conditions necessary to obtain reliable data. Therefore, this third volume on STM/SXM is not written by theorists for theorists, but rather for every scientist who is not satisfied by just obtaining real­ space images of surface structures by STM/SXM. After a brief introduction (Chap. 1), N. D. Lang first co...

  1. Photography Reframed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Dahlgren

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the benefits of analysing photography as mediated, repro-duced and entangled in media systems, and consequently as part of a larger media culture. Moreover it combines technological considerations drawn from media ar-chaeology with art historical analysis focusing on visual aesthetics. It considers two mediating devices for photography in the nineteenth century, the photo album and the illustrated press. As displayed, a media historical perspective airs new interpre-tations and understandings of processes and practices in relation to photography in the period. Thus what from a photo historical point of view might appear as an important, paradigmatic invention or a critical technical delimitation might from a media historical perspective seem to have been merely a small adjustment in a chain of gradual improvements and experiments in the dissemination and consumption of images. Thus photographic media specificity delimited by technical procedures and certain materials outputs, which was so strongly emphasized in the twentieth cen-tury, was evidently not fixed to materiality and rather opened and negotiated in the nineteenth century. Accordingly, responsiveness to the literal and figurative fram-ing of photography as mediated, discloses other photo histories.

  2. Improvement of PLL algorithm for the LEP Q-meter

    CERN Document Server

    Berrig, O E

    1998-01-01

    The PLL (Phase Locked Loop) has two modes: search mode and locking mode. The mode is determined by how far apart the internal frequency is from the external frequency. When the internal - and exter nal frequencies are close, the PLL is in locking mode. While locking on the external frequency, the PLL can largely be expressed as a linear term superimposed with a small "noise" term. We can t herefore calculate a transfer function that will completely describe the performance of the PLL apart from the precision, which is determined by the noise term. Two ideas are presented on how to re duce the noise term. The first idea is to compensate the noise term with an equal value of opposite sign. This completely removes the noise when the PLL locks on a steady frequency. Unfortunately it can not be used for the LEP Q-meter which is plagued by the presence of satellite frequencies. For other equipment with cleaner spectra, the method can improve their precision dramatically. T he second idea reduces the noise level wit...

  3. Heat transfer augmentation of magnetohydrodynamics natural convection in L-shaped cavities utilizing nanofluids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sourtiji Ehsan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A numerical study of natural convection heat transfer through an alumina-water nanofluid inside L-shaped cavities in the presence of an external magnetic field is performed. The study has been carried out for a wide range of important parame­ters such as Rayleigh number, Hartmann number, aspect ratio of the cavity and solid volume fraction of the nanofluid. The influence of the nanoparticle, buoyancy force and the magnetic field on the flow and temperature fields have been plotted and discussed. The results show that after a critical Rayleigh number depending on the aspect ratio, the heat transfer in the cavity rises abruptly due to some significant changes in flow field. It is also found that the heat transfer enhances in the presence of the nanoparticles and increases with solid volume fraction of the nanofluid. In addition, the performance of the nanofluid utilization is more effective at high Ray­leigh numbers. The influence of the magnetic field has been also studied and de­duced that it has a remarkable effect on the heat transfer and flow field in the cavity that as the Hartmann number increases the overall Nusselt number is significantly decreased specially at high Rayleigh numbers.

  4. Validation of a zero-dimensional and 2-phase combustion model for dual-fuel compression ignition engine simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikulski Maciej

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Increasing demands for the reduction of exhaust emissions and the pursuit to re-duce the use of fossil fuels require the search for new fuelling technologies in combustion engines. One of the most promising technologies is the multi-fuel compression ignition engine concept, in which a small dose of liquid fuel injected directly into the cylinder acts as the ignition inhibitor of the gaseous fuel. Achieving the optimum combustion process in such an engine requires the application of advanced control algorithms which require mathematical modelling support. In response to the growing demand for new simulation tools, a 0-D model of a dual-fuel engine was proposed and validated. The validation was performed in a broad range of engine operating points, including various speeds and load condition, as well as different natural gas/diesel blend ratios. It was demonstrated that the average model calculation error within the entire cycle did not exceed 6.2%, and was comparable to the measurement results cycle to cycle variations. The maximum model calculation error in a single point of a cycle was 15% for one of the complex (multipoint injection cases. In other cases, it did not exceed 11%.

  5. PRINCIPALELE EFECTE IN CEEA CE PRIVEŞTE DECIZIA FIXĂRII PREŢULUI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia Elena Tureac

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available În majoritatea companiilor, există un conflict deschis între managerii responsabili de acoperireacosturilor (financiari şi contabili şi managerii responsabili de satisfacerea clienţilor (marketing şi vânzări.Registrele contabile avertizează asupra preţurilor ce nu acoperă în întregime costurile, în timp ce registrele demarketing argumentează că tendinţa de a plăti a clientului trebuie să fie singurul îndrumător al preţurilor.Conflictul între aceste două opinii risipeşte resursele companiei şi duce la decizii de stabilirea preţurilor caresunt parţial compromise. Stabilirea de preţuri profitabile implică o integrare a costurilor şi a valorii pentru client.Spre a realiza această integrare, totuşi, ambele trebuie să părăsească ideile greşite şi să formeze o viziunecomună care să ducă la profitabilitate.

  6. The role of theophylline in prevention of radiocontrast media-induced nephropathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malhis Mahmoud

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Contrast media induced nephropathy (CIN results in significant morbidity and mortality. We therefore investigated whether theophylline (adenosine antagonist reduces the inci-dence of contrast media induced nephropathy. Two hundred and eighty patients were randomly assigned to prophylactic administration of hydration with sodium bicarbonate plus theophylline (either orally or intravenously (n=128 or hydration with sodium bicarbonate only (n=152. Blood Urea, creatinine, and glomerular filtration rate (MDRD were measured before and after administration of contrast media. Both groups were similar in clinical characteristics and amount of contrast used. Theophylline prophylaxis significantly reduced the incidence of CIN (1.6% vs 7.9%; P= 0.015. Compared to low-risk patients, Theophylline prophylaxis significantly reduced the incidence of CIN in moderate and high-risk patients (0% vs 8.8%; P= 0.022 and 9.1% vs 42.1%; P= 0.014 respectively. In conclusion, prophylactic administration of theophylline re-duces the incidence of CIN in moderate and high-risk patients for CIN.

  7. ANÁLISE SENSORIAL E FÍSICO-QUÍMICA DE FRUTOS TOMATE CEREJA ORGÂNICOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DENILSON DE OLIVEIRA GUILHERME

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The study assessed sensorial aspects and physicochemical characteristics of two non- commercial genotypes of cherry tomato, CH152 and CLN1561, and compared them to the genotype Carolina, all grown organically. Ripened fruits of the three varieties were harvested at the same time, selected, cleaned and subjected to sensorial analysis by 50 adult testers. They used a 9-point hedonic scale to classify the fruits in terms of aroma, flavor, flesh color and general appearance. The physicochemical analyses determined pH, solu- ble solids (SS and titratable acidity (AT. For the aspects aroma and general appearance, the 3 varieties ob- tained mean scores of 7.0 to 7.9, which corresponds to “like moderately”; and scored 8.0 to 8.9 to the attribute flesh color, which represents “like very much”. For the attribute flavor, the scores of “Carolina” tomatoes and CLN1561A corresponded to “like moderately, and for CH152 it was “like very much”. The mean values of physicochemical parameters (pH = 4.41 to 4.61; SS = 4.03 to 5.06; and AT = 335.13 to 369.23 were similar among the genotypes (ANOVA, P>0.05. In conclusion, both the varieties tested, CH152 and CLN1561, pro- duce fruits of high sensorial and physicochemical quality, showing potential for commercial exploitation.

  8. EVALUAREA PROPRIETĂŢILOR DE SUPRAFAŢĂ ALE BENTONITULUI LĂRGUŢA (REPUBLICA MOLDOVA INTERCALAT CU OLIGOMERI DE ALUMINIU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile RUSU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tratarea în prealabil a bentonitului Lărguţa cu soluţie diluată de acid (pH 2, în continuare fiind intercalat cu specii oligomerice de aluminiu, duce la modificarea proprietăţilor de suprafaţă ale adsorbanţilor intercalaţi – a acidităţii lor, a caracteristicilor sorbţional-structurale şi a stabilităţii termice. Cinetica conversiei acidului oleic la esterificarea cu alcool etilic este influenţată de caracterul acid al catalizatorilor utilizaţi. Modelările efectuate relevă că adsorbanţii intercalaţi, obţinuţi pe baza bentonitului Lărguţa, au perspective reale de a fi utilizaţi pentru obţinerea biocombustibilului din uleiuri vegetale.SURFACE PROPERTIES OF PILLARED BENTONITE LARGUTA (R. MOLDOVA PILLARED WITH ALUMINUM OLIGOMERIC SPECIESLarguta bentonite prior treatment with dilute acid (pH 2 further being pillared with aluminum oligomeric species, result in modification of the surface properties of the adsorbents - acidity, sorption-structural characteristics and thermal stability. The kinetics of the conversion of oleic acid to esterification with ethylic alcohol is influenced by the nature of the acid catalysts used. Pillared adsorbents obtained on the basis of bentonite Larguta (RM possess real prospects for obtaining bio-fuel from vegetable oils.

  9. METROPOLIZAÇÃO TURÍSTICA EM REGIÃO MONOCULTORA INDUSTRIALIZADA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eustógio Wanderley Correia Dantas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The intensive process of metropolization in the Northeast of Brazil is associated with the attendance of demand for leisure activities in coastal areas. Than the metropolises are expanding their urban areas to the seaside. The incorporation of this portion of space resizes the metropolitan areas which Bahia, Ceará, Pernambuco and Rio Grande do Norte are the most dynamic, inducing a linear and fragmented urbanization (parallel to the coastal zone. Leisure as a main tool to the process of modernization of the metropolises reverses previous negative imagery and delimits privileged relations with the mainland (countryside. Consequently the states of those metropolises rebuilt a social and political imaginary, representative of a region that pro- duces food, but sustaining impacts of a perverse nature to justify policies of industrialization. Nowadays the Semiarid Region has a positive image that attracts investments in agribusiness and tourism, defined in this work as an innovative system. The treatment of the regional public policies (PRODETUR I, PRODETUR II and National PRODETUR, the Plan of the Modernization of the Infrastructure (PAC as well as private investments in the field of real estate, allows grasp the essence of the restructuring of the regional urban network of the main cities in the Northeast (Fortaleza, Natal, Recife and Salvador in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

  10. Application of Artificial Neural Networks for Efficient High-Resolution 2D DOA Estimation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Agatonović

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A novel method to provide high-resolution Two-Dimensional Direction of Arrival (2D DOA estimation employing Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs is presented in this paper. The observed space is divided into azimuth and elevation sectors. Multilayer Perceptron (MLP neural networks are employed to detect the presence of a source in a sector while Radial Basis Function (RBF neural networks are utilized for DOA estimation. It is shown that a number of appropriately trained neural networks can be successfully used for the high-resolution DOA estimation of narrowband sources in both azimuth and elevation. The training time of each smaller network is significantly re¬duced as different training sets are used for networks in detection and estimation stage. By avoiding the spectral search, the proposed method is suitable for real-time ap¬plications as it provides DOA estimates in a matter of seconds. At the same time, it demonstrates the accuracy comparable to that of the super-resolution 2D MUSIC algorithm.

  11. Estrutura dos Depósitos Sedimentares Quaternários da Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Santana, Miguel Pereira, Estado do Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Valdetaro Madeira

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The present work deals with stratigraphy, sedimentology and geomorphology of Quater-nary sedimentary deposits of Santana river hydrographic basin. through facies and arquitecturalelements descriptions. Based on five arquitectural elements characterized by ten lithofacies thefollowing structural and depositional evolutions were scheduled: 1 formation of thick soil horizons over the basement; 2 deposition of several alluvial fans on the soils (lithofacies Gm andFm, element E; 3 above an unconformity we can recognize a fluvial system, characterized by anon well drainage floodplain. This floodplain is overlaid by high-sinuosity channels (lithofaciesSp and St, element C genetically related to other floodplain (lithofacies Fl and Fsc, element Awhere the interfigering with crevasse splay deposits (lithofacies Sh, Sl, and Sp, element B isususal; 4 an erosional phase suceed by a new depositional phase characterized by low-sinuositychannels (lithofacies Gp, Gt, Sp, St, and Sh, element D. Nowadays anthropogenic action pro-duces a new erosional phase. The geomorphological features recognized were scheduled: 1 thepresent floodplain 1.5m above the river bed; 2 the low terrace ( named T2 5m above the riverbed and its deposits is related to element D; 3 the high terrace ( named T1 11m above the riverbed and its deposits is related to elements A, B, C and E.

  12. Evolution and variation of multigene families

    CERN Document Server

    Ohta, Tomoko

    1980-01-01

    During the last decade and a half, studies of evolution and variation have been revolutionized by the introduction of the methods and concepts of molecular genetics. We can now construct reliable phylogenetic trees, even when fossil records are missing, by compara­ tive studies of protein or mRNA sequences. If, in addition, paleon­ tological information is available, we can estimate the rate at which genes are substituted in the species in the course of evolution. Through the application of electrophoretic methods, it has become possible to study intraspecific variation in molecular terms. We now know that an immense genetic variability exists in a sexually repro­ ducing species, and our human species is no exception. The mathematical theory of population genetics (particularly its stochastic aspects) in conjunction with these new developments led us to formulate the "neutral theory" of molecular evolution, pointing out that chance, in the form of random gene frequency drift, is playing a much more importa...

  13. Where the Hope Lies: On Beautiful Women in Faulkner's Novels%希望所在——福克纳笔下魅力女性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张佐娟

    2011-01-01

    The author makes an in-depth analysis of the women who are not full into the abyss of Puritanism, Patriarchy, Doctrine of Women and Racism from the feminist perspective on the basis of Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury, Light in August, Absalom, Absalom! and Old Man. They are gradually awakening and are able to face the adversity calmly. Fresh and natural females are repro- duced and they reflect the human's past glory: sympathy, sacrifice, compassion, honor, love, which are the hope of mankind.%从女性视角入手,以《喧嚣与骚动》、《八月之光》、《押沙龙,押沙龙!》、《老人》等作品为研究文本,结合福克纳的思想,探讨福克纳笔下那些没在清教主义、父权制、妇道观和种族主义的“薄雾浓云愁永昼”中沉入深渊的女性,她们渐次醒悟,能够从容面对苦难,清新自然女性复现,表现出人类昔日的荣耀:同情、牺牲、怜悯、荣誉、爱等精神,这些正是人类的希望所在。

  14. Welfare locale e innovazione sociale: una buona pratica dal terzo settore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Golino

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The local welfare -among other possibilities- effectively enhances the contribution of volunteering and nonprofit. On the local level we can identify the third sector institutions or companies operating on the market with which to make agreements to carry out activities of new welfare and social innovation, i.e. new ideas (products, services and models to meet social needs, improve the quality of human life and well-being, and create new relationships and social inclusion. The paper describes a good practice to social innovation performed by volunteers of the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Research Foundation and Care John Paul II of Campobasso. The social innovation initiative in the health field, by developing new forms of co-operation between public actors of the third sector, shows that the actors are able to develop appropriate responses and affordable to different social needs in the area and to mobilize resources for this purpose and private skills, pro- ducing value for society as a whole in a perspective of innovative welfare.

  15. Multiple displacement amplification and its application in preimplantation genetic diagnosis of thalassemia%多重置换扩增在地中海贫血植入前遗传学诊断中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世凯; 黄莉(综述); 何冰(审校)

    2015-01-01

    As an entirely new genome amplification technology to provide sufficient and stable DNA for sub-sequent detection of single cell, multiple displacement amplification( MDA) has acquired a great progress in experi-mental research and clinical application in preimplantation genetic diagnosis of thalassemia.In this review, we intro-duce the principles of MDA, technical characteristics and research progress in preimplantation genetic diagnosis of thalassemia.%多重置换扩增( MDA)技术作为一种全新的全基因组扩增技术,为单细胞的后续检测提供了足够和稳定的DNA,在地中海贫血植入前遗传学诊断的实验研究和临床应用中取得了较大进展。该文就MDA的原理、技术特点及其在地中海贫血植入前遗传学诊断中的应用研究进展进行综述。

  16. Search for the Mini Black Hole in the Multijet Final State in pp Collisions at √ s = 7 TeV

    CERN Document Server

    Kaneda, Michiru

    A mini black hole search is motivated by theories of extra dimensions. ADD model is one of extra dimensions theories in which all extra dimen- sions are compactified in cylinder shape. In the model, only gravitational field can propagate into additional n dimensions. Hence, the fundamental gravitational force is stronger than that measured in 3+1 space-time dimen- sions. This could lead the fundamental Planck scale, M D , of O (1) TeV in n + 4 dimensions, and solve the hierarchy problem where the Planck scale is vastly large compared with the electroweak scale. On the assumption of M D ∼ O (1) TeV, mini black holes with masses of O (1) TeV could be pro- duced at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. In this thesis, mini black holes were searched for in a multijet final state in proton-proton collisions at center of mass energy of 7TeV, produced by LHC. The collision data collected by the ATLAS detector in 2010, corresponding to the integrated luminosity of 36 . 3pb − 1 , were used in the search. The mi...

  17. MINERALIZAÇÃO DA TORTA PRODUZIDA DIRETAMENTE DA SEMENTE (PDS DE MAMONA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAFAEL ANTONIO PRESOTTO

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The process of production of Biodiesel Directly Seed (PDS of oil using a catalyst based on NaOH in the transesterification reaction. The primary byproduct of this process is the pie PDS, this presents considerable levels of sodium in their composition, which can be limiting in the activity of microorganisms during mineralization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mineralization rate of castor bean cake pro- duced from the direct process of the seed (PDS, added to soil samples collected at a depth of 0 - 20 cm of a Typic Eutrophic (CXbe located in the area of the Apodi Plateau, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The castor bean used were from the Experimental Station of Biodiesel (UEB - 2, Research Center Leopoldo Americo Miguez de Mello, Guamaré, RN. For the study was used castor bean in fresh state and treated with distilled water to re- move the Na + . The material was incubated in increasing leaves of castor bean PDS 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80 and 160 mg ha - 1 for a period of 32 days. Was evaluated the decomposition of the material through the evolution of CO 2 . The mineralization rate of the pie PDS castor in a Cambisol is not influenced by sodium levels present in in natura and treated pie. The treatment with pie PDS water is effective in reducing the levels of total and ex- changeable sodium, but as a result there are losses of N and K.

  18. KEKUASAAN SIMBOLIK DALAM WACANA POLITIK DI MEDIA CETAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilik Wahyuni

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available As a social practice, language is used to persuade, influence, argue, refuse, maintain, and to response one’s reaction. Using language, one may practically pro- duce and reproduce authority. This article deals with the symbolic fight and the mechanism of symbolic force within politics discourse in written media. The analy- sis technique used is critical discourse analysis, especially in the interaction be- tween language and social structure. The result shows that the symbolic fight in the written media represents the practice of continuing the doxa by the orthodoxa group and of attacking it by the heterodoxa group. The strategies of fighting the doxa are by showing the orthodoxa group’s weaknesses, arousing the enmity within the group, comparing the orthodoxa group to others, and by using SARA and com- munity issues. The mechanism of the symbolic force used by the ortodoxa is the use of euphemism and censor.   Key words: kekuasaan simbolik, doxa, orthodoxa, SARA, dan wacana politik.

  19. DISEMINASI KERUKUNAN UMAT BERAGAMA MODEL PESANTREN MAHASISWA DI PURWOKERTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Roqib

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper captures the tolerance of religious community as a dis- semination model implemented by an-Najah Islamic Boarding School for University Students motored by Kiai (Islamic Expert and followed by Santri (Islamic Boarding School students. There were two dissemination approaches that had been conducted by an-Najah, they were academic and direct approaches through daily life. In terms of academic approach, it was conducted through Islamic studies such as reviewing classical Is- lamic book ( Kitab Kuning as the general characteristic of Islamic board- ing school reference, seminar, and dialogue with Moslem and non-Mos- lem scholars. Besides of those Islamic studies, an-Najah students were also taught about the nature of tolerance to face the diverse opinions and beliefs of other religions. In addition, an-Najah students were also intro- duced the diversity as well as the value of tolerance in living laboratory in the form of life skill training and community service involving the stu- dents and youth interfaith cooperation. The process of tolerance dissemi- nation had been conducted regularly and incidentally. Therefore, those practices could be maintained as a routine activity. To sum up, the pri- mary theoretical and practical studies implemented in Islamic boarding school could broaden the insightful perspective and pure heart as what was established through the Islamic boarding school tradition in line with the value of prophetic education.

  20. [Comparison of the Pressure on the Larynx and Tongue Using McGRATH® MAC Video Laryngoscope--Direct Vision versus Indirect Vision].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Yasutomo; Miyazaki, Yukiko; Kitakata, Hidenori; Shibuya, Hiromi; Okada, Toshiki

    2015-12-01

    Studies show that McGRATH® MAC (McG) is useful during direct laryngoscopy. However, no study has examined whether McG re- duces pressure on the upper airway tract We compared direct vision with indirect vision concerning pressure on the larynx and tongue. Twenty two anesthesiologists and 16 junior residents attempted direct laryngoscopy of airway management simulator using McG with direct vision and indirect vision. Pressure was measured using pressure measurement film. In anesthesiologists group, pressure on larynx was 14.8 ± 2.7 kgf · cm(-2) with direct vision and 12.7 ± 2.7 kgf · cm(-2) with indirect vision (P vision and 7.6 ± 2.8 kgf · cm(-2) with indirect vision (P = 0.18). In junior residents group, pressure on larynx was 19.0 ± 1.3 kgf · cm(-2) with direct vision and 14.1 ± 3.1 kgf · cm(-2) with indirect vision (P vision and 11.2 ± 4.7 kgf · cm(-2) with indirect vision (P vision can reduce pressure on the upper airway tract.

  1. Name etymology and its symbolic value in Francis Scott Fitzgerald's "The great Gatsby"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanja Avsenak

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of my paper is to scrutinize the manifold interpretations of proper names and their possible symbolical value that the reading of F. S. Fitzgerald's classic leaves in the reader. On the whole, the novel's internal structure is rather comprised, which consequently makes the story exact, its plot condensed, but behind this seemingly concise and more or less simple language the author nevertheless manages to embody powerful symbolism that speaks for itself. It is disputable whether Fitzgerald truly aimed to produce such a strong metaphorical emphasis that would most minutely delineate America's social character in the turbulent twenties as projected in the personal stories of the novel's leading protagonists. Within this figurative scope, large as it is, 1 therefore focus only on the significance of proper names and their obvious contribution to the holistic social portrayal. It may be only a minor, but nevertheless one of the most reliable and crucial means of outlining the consequences of the postwar spiritual apathy that overwhelmed the American nation and was in­ duced by the societal downfall due to the disillusion of the American Dream. How this Dream influenced each individual's and society's destiny remains to be my goal in this article. For the purpose of analysis 1 rely on the 1994 Penguin edition. All direct quotes from now on are to be taken from this source.

  2. Short Review: Cu Catalyst for Autothermal Reforming Methanol for Hydrogen Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ho-Shing Wu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Hydrogen is a promising alternative energy sources, hydrogen can be used in fuel cell applications to pro-ducing electrical energy and water as byproduct. Therefore, fuel cell is a simple application and environ-mentally friendly oriented technology. Recent years various methods have been conducted to produce hy-drogen. Those methods are derived from various sources such as methanol, ethanol, gasoline, hydrocarbons. This article presents a brief review a parameter process of that affects in autothermal reforming methanol use Cu-based catalysts for production of hydrogen. Copyright © 2012 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved.Received: 3rd January 2012; Revised: 23rd February 2012; Accepted: 28th February 2012[How to Cite: H.S. Wu, and D. Lesmana. (2012. Short Review: Cu Catalyst for Autothermal Reforming Methanol for Hydrogen Production. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 7 (1: 27-42. doi:10.9767/bcrec.7.1.1284.27-42][How to Link / DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.7.1.1284.27-42 ] | View in 

  3. [Dot1 and Set2 Histone Methylases Control the Spontaneous and UV-Induced Mutagenesis Levels in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Yeasts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozhina, T N; Evstiukhina, T A; Peshekhonov, V T; Chernenkov, A Yu; Korolev, V G

    2016-03-01

    In the Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts, the DOT1 gene product provides methylation of lysine 79 (K79) of hi- stone H3 and the SET2 gene product provides the methylation of lysine 36 (K36) of the same histone. We determined that the dot1 and set2 mutants suppress the UV-induced mutagenesis to an equally high degree. The dot1 mutation demonstrated statistically higher sensitivity to the low doses of MMC than the wild type strain. The analysis of the interaction between the dot1 and rad52 mutations revealed a considerable level of spontaneous cell death in the double dot1 rad52 mutant. We observed strong suppression of the gamma-in- duced mutagenesis in the set2 mutant. We determined that the dot1 and set2 mutations decrease the sponta- neous mutagenesis rate in both single and d ouble mutants. The epistatic interaction between the dot1 and set2 mutations and almost similar sensitivity of the corresponding mutants to the different types of DNA damage allow one to conclude that both genes are involved in the control of the same DNA repair pathways, the ho- mologous-recombination-based and the postreplicative DNA repair.

  4. Reinforcement of Bolted Timber Joints Using GFRP Sheets in Poplar and Pine Woods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrab Madhoushi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Failure in timber structures occurs mainly in crucial points such as joints areas. Therefore, the idea of using composite sheets in timber joints has been intro-duced as a method in order to increase the strength and ductility behaviour of timber joints. This research aims to study the behaviour of bolted joints in poplar and pine woods, which are reinforced by two types of GFRP sheets. A single shear bolted joint consisted of 3 timber members whose length and width were 30 cm in length and 5 cm in width. The thickness of each member was 4 cm for internal part and 2 cm for external part. The employed steel bolt was 10 cm in length and 1 cm in diameter. In this respect, one layer of GFRP sheet was used to be bonded to timber members by using epoxy resin and left between the clamps for 24 hours. They were then kept at room temperature for three weeks. Also the effect of adding a wood veneer on the reinforced joints was investigated. The tensile strength of the reinforced and control samples (un-reinforced joints was measured according to ASTM D5652-92 standard. The results show that the reinforced samples have higher tensile strength compared to that of reinforced joints, although it is not statistically signifcant. Also, two types of sheets infuence the joint behaviour as the reinforced joints display more ductility behaviour.

  5. Hadronic resonance production measured with the ALICE detector

    CERN Document Server

    Dash, Ajay

    2015-01-01

    Hadronic resonances serve as a unique tool to study the properties of hot and dense matter pro- duced in heavy-ion collisions. These properties can be studied by measuring the ratios of hadronic resonance yields to the yields of longer-lived hadrons which can be used to investigate the re- scattering effects and the chemical freeze-out temperature. Resonance measurements in pp and p–Pb collisions provide a necessary baseline for heavy-ion data and help to disentangle the initial- state effects from medium-induced effects. The ALICE Collaboration has measured resonances such as, K ∗ (892) 0 and φ (1020) in pp, p–Pb, and Pb–Pb collisions at the LHC energies. These resonances are reconstructed via their hadronic decay channel in a wide momentum range at midrapidity. In this work, we present recent results on the transverse momentum spectra, mean transverse momentum, ratios of resonance production relative to that of long-lived hadrons.

  6. Simulation of the Position Resolution of a Scintillation Detector

    CERN Document Server

    Templ, Sebastian; Sauerzopf, Clemens

    In the Standard Model of particle physics, CPT symmetry is regarded as invariant. In order to test this prediction, the ASACUSA collaboration (“Atomic Spectroscopy And Collisions Using Slow Antiprotons”) aims to make a very precise measurement of the hyperfine structure of antihydrogen with a Rabi-like experiment. The compar- ison of the experimentally-obtained antihydrogen transition frequencies with those of hydrogen allows for a direct test of CPT symmetry. The spectrometer line of the ASACUSA HBAR-GSHFS (“Antihydrogen ground state hyperfine splitting”) experiment consists of a particle source, a spin flip-in- ducing microwave cavity, a spin-analyzing sextupole magnet, and a detector. In the course of the work for this thesis, a single scintillation detector as used in the hodoscopes of the detector at the end of the spectrometer line was simulated using the particle physics toolkit Geant4. Subsequent analysis of the simulation data allows for an estimate of the minimal uncertainty in determining t...

  7. CROATIAN AND INTERNATIONAL COPPER AND SALT ROUTES IN THE PART OF EUROPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berislav Šebečić

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Middle Ages as well as in modern times. Those were caravan and cart routes and navigable river routes adapted to the possibilities of the then traffic. The iinportance of the copper and salt trade has been fin pointed out. From ancient times up until the mid-nineteenth century copper was pro-duced from copper ores in Rude near Samobor and from the mid-nine-teenth century until the beginning of the World War I mostly in Trgovi and Bešinac in Trgovska gora. The main copper trade was carried out from Rude over Dubovac (Karlovac, later on and Vrbovsko to Bakar and later on to Rijeka. I have named that the most important Croatian copper route. Intense intenational trade through Croatia that took place at the late fifteenth and in the course of the sixteenth centuries was a combination of river and cart traffic from the former foundries iu Bans-ka Bistrica (in Slovakia todayover Budim, Zagreb, Dubovac and Mod-ruš to Senj from where cargo was loaded on the ships sailing to Venice and all over the world. That route I have named the intenational copper route. Sea-salt was transported from the Adriatic saltvorks towards inland areas (Croatia salts routes; rock-salt was imported from Hungarian salt-works (todaj in ihe western Roumania and from the Tuzla salts works to the northern part of Croatia (International salt routes (the paper is published in Croatian.

  8. Gestational Surrogacy from the Perspective of Human Dignity%人格尊严视角下代孕技术的伦理审视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑晓琴; 张振兴

    2012-01-01

    目前我国对代孕技术采取全面禁止的态度是伦理学界争议较大的问题之一。生育和人类的繁衍作为人类基本的一项权利,应当在社会中得到尊重,得到法律的保护。文章从“人格尊严”的视角出发,对代孕技术中涉及的委托父母、代孕母亲进行伦理审视和研究,从其人格尊严的价值层面寻找对代孕技术在计划生育政策条件下有限开放的伦理论证。%The ban on gestational surrogacy in China has triggered a heated argument in me acaaemla o, ethics. Rights of reproduction, being a basic human right, should get more respect and legal protection in the community. Based on the summary of several represent academic views of gestational surrogacy, this article pro- duces an ethical research of the infertile couples and surrogate mothers from the perspective of human dignity, and attempts to find the ethical argumentations to support the appropriate opening of gestational surrogacy.

  9. Status of the Atlas Liquid Argon Calorimeter and its Performance after Three Years of LHC Operation

    CERN Document Server

    Lampl, W; The ATLAS collaboration

    2014-01-01

    The ATLAS experiment is designed to study the proton-proton collisions pro- duced at the Large Hadron Collider(LHC) at CERN. Liquid argon sampling calorimeters are used for all electromagnetic calorimetry covering the pseudo- rapidity region up to 3.2, as well as for hadronic calorimetry in the range 1.5-4.9. The electromagnetic calorimeters use lead as passive material and are characterised by an accordion geometry that allows a fast and uniform az- imuthal response without any gap. Copper and tungsten were chosen as pas- sive material for the hadronic calorimetry; whereas a classic plate geometry was adopted at large polar angles, an innovative one based on cylindrical elec- trodes with thin argon gaps was designed for the coverage at low angles, where the particles flow is higher. All detectors are housed in three cryostats kept at approximately 89 K. After installation in 2004-2006, the calorimeters were extensively commissioned over the three-year period prior to first collisions in 2009, using cosmic ra...

  10. Compositions de revêtement réticulables par bombardement électronique. Deuxième partie : Analyse de la littérature des brevets sur la formulation des liants radiodurcissables Forming Crosslinkable Coating by Electron Bombardement. Part Two : Analysis of Patent Literature on Formulating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miléo J. -C.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Le procédé de séchage des peintures et vernis par irradiation électronique est analysé sous son aspect chimique. On passe en revue les différents modes de synthèse permettant d'obtenir les résines radiodurcissables qui font l'objet, sur le plan des brevets, d'une abondante littérature. Ces résines sont classées suivant la nature des insaturations réactives qu'elles contiennent - insaturations de type « ester maléique », - esters et amides (méthacryliques simples; - esters (méthacryliques à enchaînements uréthanes ; - esters (méthacryliques (p-hydroxylés, leurs esters (insaturés et autres dérivés, - siloxanes; - maléimides; - insaturations « allyliques » ; - résines saturées. The process of drying points and varnishes by electron irradiation is analyzed from the chemical standpoint. A review is mode of the different synthesis methods of pro ducing radiation-curable resins that have resulted in abundant patent literature. These resins are classified according ta the nature of the reactive unsaturations they contain - unsaturations of the « maleic ester » type; - simple (methacrylic esters and amides ; - 3-hydroxyl (methacrylic esters, their (unsaturated esters and other derivatives ; - siloxanes ; - maleimides ; - « allylic » unsaturations ; - saturated resins

  11. Carbon Markets and REDD in South-East Asia: An Interview with Chris Lang from REDD-Monitor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver Pye

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Chris Lang is a climate justice activist and currently runs REDD-Monitor, a website that follows projects and developments around REDD (www.redd-monitor.org. The acronym REDD refers to Re- ducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and is a UN programme that aims to offer incentives for countries in the Global South to reduce emissions from deforestation by creating financial values for the forest carbon stocks. In this interview, Lang talks about structural shortcomings of REDD and the danger of carbon cowboys, provides an insight in the 1 billion dollar agreement between Norway and Indonesia, and discusses the relation between REDD and indigenous peoples’ rights. ----- Chris Lang ist Klimaaktivist und betreibt derzeit die Webseite REDD-Monitor, die Projekte und En- twicklungen rund um REDD verfolgt (www.redd-monitor.org. Die Abkürzung REDD bezieht sich auf das UN-Programm Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, das darauf abzielt, Anreize für Länder des globalen Südens zu schaffen, ihre Emissionen aus Abholzung durch finanzielle Werte für den Kohlenstoffgehalt der Wälder zu reduzieren. In diesem Interview spricht Lang über strukturelle Schwächen von REDD und der Gefahr durch carbon cowboys. Er gibt einen Einblick in das 1-Milliarde-Dollar Abkommen zwischen Norwegen und Indonesien und diskutiert die Beziehung zwischen REDD und den Rechten indigener Völker.

  12. Measurements of Peroxy Radicals and Related Species At A Rural Site During The Escompte Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinceloup, S.; Laverdet, G.; Le Bras, G.

    The chemical amplifier technique has been used to measure peroxy radicals (RO2) concentrations at a rural site (Dupail), located 35 km North East of Marseille, during the ESCOMPTE campaign in June-July 2001. Daily profiles of RO2 and also ozone and NOx concentrations have been recorded everyday including those of the four in- tensive observation periods (IOP). The NOx levels were most of the time lower than a few ppbv, ie characteristic of a rural site. Typical diurnal profiles of RO2 were ob- served with maxima in the range 40-180 pptv. The RO2 signals were corrected from the influence of relative humidity based on calibration of the chemical amplifier in separate laboratory experiments under controlled water vapor concentrations. Prelim- inary interpretation of the data shows very different ratios of photochemically pro- duced/transported ozone related to meteorological conditions. Further interpretation of the data is underway integrating additional measurements of a large variety of hy- drocarbons as well as some hydroperoxides and aldehydes made at the site by other groups. The results of the comparison of calculated steady state concentrations of RO2 and ozone production rate with the measured values will be presented and discussed in relation with our understanding of the tropospheric ozone production.

  13. Rare and Rare-Earth Metals in Coal Processing Waste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherkasova, Tatiana; Cherkasova, Elizaveta; Tikhomirova, Anastasia; Bobrovni-kova, Alyona; Goryunova, Irina

    2017-11-01

    An urgent issue for power plants operating on solid fuels (coal) is the issue of utilization or use of accumulated production waste - ash and slag materials - in the related production. Ash-slag materials are classified as "waste", usually grade 5; tens of millions of tons of them being pro-duced annually in the Kemerovo region, which threatens the ecology of the region. At the same time, ash and slag is a very promising raw material. The use of this material as a base for the final product allows us to signifi-cantly expand the possibilities of using coal. The most widespread is the system of ash and slag involving in construction or as a replacement for sand in road construction, or as an additive to building mixtures. However, there are both industrially valuable and environmentally dangerous ele-ments in ash-slag materials. Ash-slag materials can be considered as inde-pendent ore deposits located on the surface and requiring the costs of their extraction.

  14. Rare and Rare-Earth Metals in Coal Processing Waste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cherkasova Tatiana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available An urgent issue for power plants operating on solid fuels (coal is the issue of utilization or use of accumulated production waste - ash and slag materials - in the related production. Ash-slag materials are classified as “waste”, usually grade 5; tens of millions of tons of them being pro-duced annually in the Kemerovo region, which threatens the ecology of the region. At the same time, ash and slag is a very promising raw material. The use of this material as a base for the final product allows us to signifi-cantly expand the possibilities of using coal. The most widespread is the system of ash and slag involving in construction or as a replacement for sand in road construction, or as an additive to building mixtures. However, there are both industrially valuable and environmentally dangerous ele-ments in ash-slag materials. Ash-slag materials can be considered as inde-pendent ore deposits located on the surface and requiring the costs of their extraction.

  15. A Review of 'Organic Struggle: The Movement for Sustainable Agriculture in the United States'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Francis

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Organic Struggle chronicles the challenges encountered by innovators in a growing segment of the U.S. food pro- duction and marketing system. Practiced for millenia by farmers before the introduction of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and first developed more formally in Europe, organic farming practices began to gain prominence in the U.S. only in the 1950s. Far more than a system for pro- ducing food, this strategy has become a focus for those supporting healthy and pesticide-free products, for some who embrace the organic system as a food movement, and by many who disagree with the current domination of the country’s food industry by large farms and a small num- ber of multinational corporations. Within the organic sector there is debate between those who favor a system primar- ily run by local farmers who sell through small markets and CSAs, and others who insist that the ‘Big-Organic’ seg- ment that now sells more than half of all organic food is doing more to help the environment in the large picture. Author Brian Obach describes this ongoing struggle.

  16. Mobile MSN Messenger: Still a Complement?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Nyberg

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In order to understand how mobile instant messaging services can fit into the users’ current communication behavior, Ericsson Research performed a qualitative user study in Sweden in May 2007. The results showed that the respondents were positive towards (free of charge mobile MSN Messenger and perceived it as an ex¬tension of the computer-based version that could be used anywhere. However, although MSN Messenger on the com¬puter definitely was considered as a ‘must-have’ application, the mobile version was only perceived as a ‘nice-to-have’ application and a complement to text mes¬saging (SMS. Almost one year later, in April 2008, Ericsson Research performed a short qualita¬tive follow-up study with the same set of respondents to un¬derstand if and how the mobile MSN Messenger usage had changed. The results actually revealed that none of the re¬spondents used mobile MSN Messenger anymore as the application no longer was free of charge. On a general level, the study highlights important considera¬tions when intro¬ducing computer-based concepts and Internet services in a mo¬bile environment.

  17. Effectiveness of elastic damping in the pivot joints of cargo boom of crane-manipulating installations at large gaps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lagerev I.A.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article was the analysis of dynamic processes in the cylindrical hinges with large gaps in the cargo boom crane-manipulating installations of mobile machines in operation. Consider the design of damping device for articulated joints, which creates a braking force of elastic resistance to the displacement of the hinge pin within the large gap. The mechanism of action of the damping devices was considered. Analysis of the effectiveness of damping device for re-ducing the dynamic stress state in the elements of cargo boom metal structures depending on the gap size and the stiff-ness of the damping device was performed. Damping device with an elastic shock absorbing elements substantially reduces the additional impact load at the time of selection of the gap in the joint, slow the growth of clearance in the pivot joint, limit the size of the gap specified value, which must not be exceeded during the entire service life of swivel independently from the intensity of his load.

  18. EPICUREANISM AND CHRISTIANITY IN HISTORICAL NOVELS VALERIUS. A ROMAN STORY BY J.G. LOCKHART AND THE EPICUREAN BY T. MOORE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena V. Somova

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article examines historical novels by J.G. Lockhart and T. Moore hitherto under- studied in Russia. It analyzes main principles and techniques of historical narrative in these novels; the influence of Walter Scott and F.R. Chateaubriand; philosophical Epicureanism in the novels; and the specificity of their work with historical sources. The author comes to the following conclusions. Lockhart’s and Moore’s reflection on time and history results in the idea that every man is connected with the whole of creation, and that the culture of each epoch depends on the culture of earlier civilizations. Lockhart’s novel Valerius, for example, was influenced by the genre of the Enlightenment philosophical novella. Such categories as time, the meaning of life, death, place, and role of man in history are intro- duced in the narrative through the form of philosophical dialogue. Following the tradi- tion of F.R. Chateaubriand, Lockhart, and Moore largely draw on literary heritage: texts by Homer, Virgil, Horace, Cicero as well as philosophical works of antiquity: the writings of Epicurus, Lucretius, and Plato. Historical novels by Lockhart and Moore reveal cer- tain important aspects of the ethical and philosophical system of the 19 th century Victorian England.

  19. The effect of low serum bicarbonate values on the onset of action of local anesthesia with vertical infraclavicular brachial plexus block in patients with End-stage renal failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-mustafa Mahmoud

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Vertical infraclavicular brachial plexus block is utilized in patients with chronic renal failure at the time of creation of an arterio-venous fistula (AVF. The aim of this study is to test the effect of impaired renal function, with the resulting deranged serum electrolytes and blood gases, on the success rate and the onset of action of the local anesthetics used. In this prospective clinical study, we investigated the effect of the serum levels of sodium, potassium, urea, crea-tinine, pH, and bicarbonate on the onset of action of a mixture of lidocaine and bupivacaine administered to create infraclavicular brachial plexus block. A total of 31 patients were studied. The success rate of the block was 93.5 % (29 patients. The mean onset time for impaired or re-duced sensation was found to be 8.9 ± 4.7 mins and for complete loss of sensation, was 21.2 ± 6.7 mins. There was no significant association with serum sodium, potassium, urea, creatinine or the blood pH level (P> 0.05. The bivariate correlation between serum bicarbonate level and the partial and complete sensory loss was -0.714 and -0.433 respectively, with significant correlation (P= 0.00, 0.019. Our study suggests that infraclavicular block in patients with chronic renal failure carries a high success rate; the onset of the block is delayed in patients with low serum bicarbonate levels.

  20. Hubungan antara Corporate Governance dan Variabel Pengurang Masalah Agensi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaenal Arifin

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this research is to investigate whether there are a significant relationship be¬tween corporate governance and agency-problem-reducing variables. The corporate governance is concern on all stakeholders’ interest while the agency variables are concern on one of the most important stakeholders’ that is the stockholders-interest. Theoretically, there should be a significant relationship between the corporate govern¬ance and the agency-problem-reducing variables. Using 52 Indonesian listed companies in 2001 that had been investigated by Indonesian Institute for Corporate Governance (IICG for the companies’ practice of corporate governance and presented on SWA Magazine, this research found that no relationship between the corporate governance and the agency-problem-reducing variables. There are some possible explanations for this finding. First, reducing agency problems does not perceived (by investor affecting the companies’ practice of corporate governance. Second, the bonding mechanisms to reduce the free cash flows by increasing the dividend payment or increasing the debt and monitoring by the independent board of directors are not an effective mechanism to re¬duce agency problems. So these mechanisms do not correlate to the companies’ practice of corporate govern¬ance. Third, the score of corporate governance released by IICG are not valid. Further investigations are needed to find the true explanation.Key words: Corporate Governance, Masalah Agensi

  1. Final Report from The University of Texas at Austin for DEGAS: Dynamic Global Address Space programming environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erez, Mattan

    2018-02-21

    The Dynamic, Exascale Global Address Space programming environment (DEGAS) project will develop the next generation of programming models and runtime systems to meet the challenges of Exascale computing. Our approach is to provide an efficient and scalable programming model that can be adapted to application needs through the use of dynamic runtime features and domain-specific languages for computational kernels. We address the following technical challenges: Programmability: Rich set of programming constructs based on a Hierarchical Partitioned Global Address Space (HPGAS) model, demonstrated in UPC++. Scalability: Hierarchical locality control, lightweight communication (extended GASNet), and ef- ficient synchronization mechanisms (Phasers). Performance Portability: Just-in-time specialization (SEJITS) for generating hardware-specific code and scheduling libraries for domain-specific adaptive runtimes (Habanero). Energy Efficiency: Communication-optimal code generation to optimize energy efficiency by re- ducing data movement. Resilience: Containment Domains for flexible, domain-specific resilience, using state capture mechanisms and lightweight, asynchronous recovery mechanisms. Interoperability: Runtime and language interoperability with MPI and OpenMP to encourage broad adoption.

  2. CONCENTRAŢIA ESTRADIOLULUI ŞI A TESTOSTERONULUI ÎN DIABETUL EXPERIMENTAL PE FONDALUL ADMINISTRĂRII EXTRACTULUI DIN CYNARA SCOLYMUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iurie BACALOV

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Diabetul zaharat apare din cauza producţei insuficiente de insulină de către pancreas; astfel, nivelul glucozei din sânge depăşeşte valorile normale. Statisticile arată o creștere permanentă a cazurilor de diabet zaharat. Circa 5% din populație (cu unele variații de la o țară la alta suferă de forma clinică a acestei maladii, aproximativ 10% – de forma ei subclinică. Diabetul zaharat produce o serie de dereglări funcţionale, precum și la nivelul gonadelor, ce pot duce la complicaţii grave, ca menopauza la femei şi impotența la bărbaţi.CONCENTRATION OF ESTRADIOL AND TESTOSTERONE IN EXPERIMENTAL DIABETES ON THE BACKGROUND OF CYNARA SCOLYMUS EXTRACT INTAKEDiabetes occurs due to insufficient insulin production by the pancreas, so the blood glucose level exceeds normal levels. Statistics show a permanent increase in diabetes cases. About 5% of the population (with some variation from one country to another suffers from the clinical form of this disease, about 10% - of its subclinical form. Diabetes causes a number of functional disorders, as well as on gonads, that can lead to serious complications such as menopause in women and impotence in men.

  3. Electromagnetic Simulations of an Embedded BPM in Collimator Jaws

    CERN Document Server

    Boccard, C; Nosych, A

    2011-01-01

    Next gen­er­a­tion of the LHC col­li­ma­tors will be equipped with but­ton beam po­si­tion mon­i­tors (BPMs) em­bed­ded into the col­li­ma­tor jaws. Such a so­lu­tion will im­prove the ac­cu­ra­cy of the jaw align­ment with respect to the beam and re­duce the beam time nec­es­sary for the collima­tor setup. This paper de­scribes re­sults of elec­tro­mag­net­ic simu­la­tions of the jaw BPMs per­formed with the CST Par­ti­cle Stu­dio suite, aimed at char­ac­ter­i­sa­tion of the BPMs as well as the simulation soft­ware it­self. The re­sults are com­pared to the mea­sure­ments ob­tained with beam on a pro­to­type sys­tem in­stalled in the CERN SPS.

  4. La dramaturgia iconoclasta, cómica, conceptual y poética de Daniele Timpano. Entrevista al autor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Timpano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En la producción del actor y dramaturgo Daniele Timpano (Roma, 1974 se encuentran algunos de los espectáculos más interesantes de las últimas décadas, con títulos como Dux in scatola. Autobiografia d'oltretomba di Mussolini Benito (2006, sobre los avatares del cadáver del Duce; Ecce Robot (2007, una curiosa obra, en parte "autobiografía generacional", empapada de la tradición del cómic asiático; o Sì l'ammore no (2009, escrito junto a Elvira Frosini, con la que también ha escrito su más reciente Zombitudine (2013. La presente entrevista propone recorrer algunas de las etapas más sobresalientes de su producción, al tiempo que plantear la pertinencia o no de algunas cuestiones que gravitan sobre su obra, como son la pertenencia o no a una teórica non-scuola romana, o el supuesto carácter anti-narrativo de sus espectáculos.

  5. Past, Present, and Future Production of Bio-oil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steele, Philip; Yu, Fei; Gajjela, Sanjeev

    2009-04-01

    Bio-oil is a liquid product produced by fast pyrol-ysis of biomass. The fast pyrolysis is performed by heating the biomass rapidly (2 sec) at temperatures ranging from 350 to 650 oC. The vapors produced by this rapid heating are then condensed to produce a dark brown water-based emulsion composed of frag-ments of the original hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin molecules contained in the biomass. Yields range from 60 to 75% based on the feedstock type and the pyrolysis reactor employed. The bio-oil pro-duced by this process has a number of negative prop-erties that are produced mainly by the high oxygen content (40 to 50%) contributed by that contained in water (25 to 30% of total mass) and oxygenated compounds. Each bio-oil contains hundreds of chemi-cal compounds. The chemical composition of bio-oil renders it a very recalcitrant chemical compound. To date, the difficulties in utilizing bio-oil have limited its commercial development to the production of liq-uid smoke as food flavoring. Practitioners have at-tempted to utilize raw bio-oil as a fuel; they have also applied many techniques to upgrade bio-oil to a fuel. Attempts to utilize raw bio-oil as a combustion engine fuel have resulted in engine or turbine dam-age; however, Stirling engines have been shown to successfully combust raw bio-oil without damage. Utilization of raw bio-oil as a boiler fuel has met with more success and an ASTM standard has recently been released describing bio-oil characteristics in relation to assigned fuel grades. However, commercialization has been slow to follow and no reports of distribution of these bio-oil boiler fuels have been reported. Co-feeding raw bio-oil with coal has been successfully performed but no current power generation facilities are following this practice. Upgrading of bio-oils to hydrocarbons via hydroprocessing is being performed by several organizations. Currently, limited catalyst life is the obstacle to commercialization of this tech-nology. Researchers

  6. The Structure and Molecular Parameters of Camphene Determined by Fourier Transform Microwave Spectroscopy and Quantum Chemical Calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neeman, Elias M.; Dréan, Pascal; Huet, T. R.

    2016-06-01

    The emission of volatile organic compounds, from plants has strong revelance for plant physiology, plant ecology and atmospheric chemistry. Camphene (C10H16) is a bicyclic monoterpene which is emitted in the atmosphere by biogenic sources. The structure of the unique stable conformer was optimized using density functional theory and ab initio calculations. The rotational spectrum of camphene was recorded in a supersonic jet expansion with a Fourier transform microwave spectrometer over the range 2-20 GHz. Signals from the parent species and from the ten 13C isotopomers were observed in natural abundance. The rotational and centrifugal distortion parameters were fitted to a Watson's Hamiltonian in the A-reduction. A magnetic hyperfine structure associated with the pairs of hydrogen nuclei in the methylene groups was observed and modeled.The rotational constants coupled to the equilibrium structure calculations were used to determine the r_0 and the r_m(1) gas-phase geometries of the carbon skeleton. The present work provides the first spectroscopic characterization of camphene in the gas phase and these results are also relevant for ozonolysis kinetics study through Criegee intermediates. R. Baraldi, F. Rapparini, O. Facini, D. Spano and P. Duce, Journal of Mediterranean Ecology, Vol.6, No.1, (2005). A. Bracho-Nunez, N. M. Knothe, S. Welter, M. Staudt, W. R. Costa, M. A. R. Liberato, M. T. F. Piedade, and J. Kesselmeier Biogeosciences, 10, 5855-5873, (2013). Minna Kivimäenpää, Narantsetseg Magsarjav, Rajendra Ghimire, Juha-Matti Markkanen, Juha Heijari, Martti Vuorinen and Jarmo K. Holopainen, Atmospheric Environment, 60, 477-485, (2012). R.C. de M. Oliveira and G. F. Bauerfeldt, J. Phys. Chem. A, 119 2802-2812 (2015)

  7. SELEÇÃO DE ESPÉCIES ARBÓREAS PARA REVEGETAÇÃO DE ÁREAS DEGRADADAS POR MINERAÇÃO DE PIÇARRA NA CAATINGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KHADIDJA DANTAS ROCHA DE LIMA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The piçarra (subsoil material mainly formed by silt, sand and gravel is commonly used in the civil construction and activities related to the onshore oil production in the Caatinga biome. The revegetation of the piçarra mines at the end of exploration cycle is mandatory and generally demands the planting of native tree species. However, there is scarce information about tree species able to grow in these degraded environments. This study aimed to evaluate the development and survival of 20 tree species, including native and exotic spe-cies, and nodulating and non nodulating species, planted in five piçarra mines located in three cities in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The experiment was a split-split block design, where 10 nodulating tree species were compared with ten other non nodulating species in areas with and without addition of a 20 cm topsoil layer and/or 2 L cattle manure in the planting hole. Biometric measurements were made at the end of the dry and rainy seasons (February 2008 to February 2010 up to 660 days after planting. The addition of topsoil re-duced the survival of trees, especially of non nodulating species, likely due to the vigorous herbaceous regener-ation in this treatment. Conversely, the addition of manure favored the tree growth. The nodulating species outperformed the non nodulating in respect to survival rate, total height, trunk diameter, and growth rate. The native species with the best survival and development rates were Mimosa tenuiflora, Mimosa caesalpiniifolia, Caesalpinia ferrea and Tabebuia caraiba, and among the exotics were Azadirachta indica and Pseudosamanea guachapele.

  8. ПРОФИЛЬ СВОБОДНЫХ АМИНОКИСЛОТ СЫВОРОТКИ КРОВИ И МОЧИ У ДЕТЕЙ С СИНДРОМОМ ДАУНА

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlada FURDUI

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available PROFILUL AMINOACIZILOR LIBERI ÎN SERUL SANGUIN ŞI ÎN URINA COPIILOR CU SINDROM DOWNA fost investigat profilul aminoacizilor liberi în serul sanguin şi în urina copiilor cu sindrom Down, ce poate servi drept model al dizontogenezei. Aceasta din urmă este condiţionată de modificările genetice şi se caracterizează prin leziuni ale componentei cognitive a sănătăţii psihice. Rezultatele prezentului studiu sugerează implicarea directă a amino-acizilor liberi în dezvoltarea disfuncţiilor structurilor cerebrale şi diverselor sisteme ale organismului, ca urmare a unui dezechilibru al aminoacizilor cu conţinut de sulf, mediatori, esenţiali şi cetogeni. Acest dezechilibru duce în mod inevi-tabil la subdezvoltarea componentelor neurofiziologic, verbal, cognitiv, social-comportamental ale sănătăţii psihice.PROFILE FREE AMINO ACIDS OF SERUM AND URINE IN CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROMEThere was investigated the amino acids profile of serum and urine in children with Down's syndrome, which can serve as a model dizontogenezis due to changes in gene and is characterized by lesions of the cognitive component of mental health. The results of this study suggest direct involvement of free amino acids in the development of dysfunction of brain structures and the various systems of the body as a result of an imbalance of sulfur, mediator, essential and ketogenic amino acids. This inevitably leads to underdevelopment of neurophysiologic, speech, cognitive, social and behavioral components of mental health.

  9. Evolution of the field quantum entropy and entanglement in a system of multimode light field interacting resonantly with a two-level atom through N_j-degenerate N~Σ-photon process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The time evolution of the field quantum entropy and entanglement in a system of multi-mode coherent light field resonantly interacting with a two-level atom by de-generating the multi-photon process is studied by utilizing the Von Neumann re-duced entropy theory,and the analytical expressions of the quantum entropy of the multimode field and the numerical calculation results for three-mode field inter-acting with the atom are obtained. Our attention focuses on the discussion of the influences of the initial average photon number,the atomic distribution angle and the phase angle of the atom dipole on the evolution of the quantum field entropy and entanglement. The results obtained from the numerical calculation indicate that: the stronger the quantum field is,the weaker the entanglement between the quan-tum field and the atom will be,and when the field is strong enough,the two sub-systems may be in a disentangled state all the time; the quantum field entropy is strongly dependent on the atomic distribution angle,namely,the quantum field and the two-level atom are always in the entangled state,and are nearly stable at maximum entanglement after a short time of vibration; the larger the atomic dis-tribution angle is,the shorter the time for the field quantum entropy to evolve its maximum value is; the phase angles of the atom dipole almost have no influences on the entanglement between the quantum field and the two-level atom. Entangled states or pure states based on these properties of the field quantum entropy can be prepared.

  10. Operation of a Free Hg Jet Delivery System in a High-Power Target Experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Graves, V; Spampinato, P; Kirk, H; Fabich, A; Efthymiopoulos, I; Lettry, J; McDonald, K

    2010-01-01

    Op­er­a­tion of a mer­cury jet de­liv­ery sys­tem is pre­sent­ed. The de­liv­ery sys­tem is part of the Mer­cury In­tense Tar­get (MERIT) Ex­per­i­ment, a proof-of-prin­ci­ple ex­per­i­ment con­duct­ed at CERN in 2007 which demon­strat­ed the fea­si­bil­i­ty of using an un­con­strained jet of mer­cury as a tar­get for a fu­ture Neu­tri­no Fac­to­ry or Muon Col­lid­er. The Hg sys­tem was de­signed to pro­duce a 1-cm-di­am­e­ter, 20 m/s Hg jet in­side a high-field (15 Tesla), 15-cm-bore solenoid mag­net. A high-speed op­ti­cal di­ag­nos­tic sys­tem al­lowed ob­ser­va­tion of the in­ter­ac­tion of the jet with both 14- and 24-GeV pro­ton beams. Per­for­mance of the Hg sys­tem dur­ing the in-beam ex­per­i­ment will be pre­sent­ed.

  11. Cold-pressed and hot-pressed rapeseed oil: The effects of roasting and seed moisture on the antioxi- dant activity, canolol, and tocopherol level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siger, Aleksander; Józefiak, Marta; Górnaś, Paweł

    2017-01-01

    The paper looks at the levels of canolol, tocopherols and antioxidant activity in cold-pressed and hot-pressed rapeseed oils produced from seeds of various moisture levels (5%, 7.5%, and 10%). The paper also considers the effects of seed roasting on the levels of these compounds. The material used for the tests was rapeseed cv. Adrianna. The quality of the oils obtained is determined using peroxide and acid values. The levels of canolol and tocopherols are analyzed using HPLC. The DPPH radical-scavenging activity method for oil samples and phenolic extract from oils was used. It has been demonstrated that the oils produced from rapeseeds with a 5% moisture content, and   in particular from cold-pressed oils, were characterized by the lowest peroxide values. Cold-pressed oils produced from rapeseeds with a 5% moisture content were characterized by higher levels of tocopherols and plastochromanol-8. In the case of hot-pressed oils, the highest levels of tocopherols were found in oils pro- duced from seeds with a 7.5% moisture content, and the greatest amount of PC-8 (more than 4 mg/100 g) was found in oils produced from seeds with a 10% moisture content. Hot-pressed oils have been shown to have higher levels of these compounds than cold-pressed oils. Both roasting and hot pressing led to an increase in the amount of canolol in the oils investigated. When analysing the antioxidant activity of the oils and phenolic extracts it was shown that phenolic compounds are responsible for approx. 10% of total antioxidant activity. Various levels of biologically active compounds were shown to be present in the rapeseed oil obtained from raw materials of a varying moisture content. The type of pressing process (cold-pressing or hot-pressing) and whether the seeds have undergone roasting has also been shown to affect the resulting oil and the level of native antioxidants it contains.

  12. 我国中小企业融资探究--基于众筹融资的视觉%Delving into SMEs Financing Based On Crowdfunding in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭宏超

    2016-01-01

    众筹融资是近年来产生的一种创新融资模式,对解决中小企业融资问题具有一定的积极意义。文章通过阐述众筹融资的起源和中小企业众筹融资运作流程,分析了我国中小企业众筹融资存在的主要问题,得出结论:我国应对众筹融资进行广泛宣传及推广;重点指导并建立起有重要影响力的众筹平台;明确众筹融资的法律地位;从网络金融监管层面建立起系统的监管体系及机制;完善中小企业的知识产权保护制度以及完善社会公众投资者保护制度等中小企业众筹融资的措施,以引导中小企业众筹融资的可持续发展。%“Crow dfunding” is an innovative financing model in recent years ,w hich has a positive meaning in solving the financing problems of SMEs .This paper first described the origin of crowdfunding ,then intro‐duced the operation procedures of SMEs financing for crowdfunding ,analyzed the main problems exsiting SMEs financing for crowdfunding .Finally ,it put forward the perfect measure of SMEs financing for crowdfunding in China to guide sustainable development crowdfunding financing for SMEs .

  13. Analysis of Taipei Basin Response for Earthquakes of Various Depths and Locations Using Empirical Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Sokolov

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The response of Taipei basin upon earthquake excitation was studied using records of recent earthquakes. The strong-motion database includes records obtained at 32 stations of the Taipei TSMIP net work from 83 deep and 142 shallow earthquakes (M > 4.0 that occurred in 1992 - 2004. The characteristics of frequency-de pendent site response were obtained as spectral ratios between the actual earthquake records (horizontal components and those modelled for a hypothetical Very Hard Rock (VHR condition. The models for VHR spectra of Taiwan earthquakes had been recently proposed by Sokolov et al. (2005b, 2006. Analysis of site response characteristics and comparison with simple 1D models of the soil column resulted in the following conclusions: (1 The spectral ratios through out the basin obtained from deep earth quakes (depth > 35 km exhibit good agreement with the theoretical ratios calculated using the 1D models constructed using avail able geological and geotechnical data. (2 The spectral ratios obtained from shallow earth quakes show influence of: (a surface waves generated when travelling from distant sources to the basin and (b relatively low-frequency (< 1 - 2 Hz waves generated within the basin. (3 Some shallow earth quakes pro duce extremely high amplification at frequencies 0.3 - 1 Hz within the basin that may be dangerous for high-rise buildings and high way bridges. (4 The obtained results may be used in probabilistic seismic microzonation of the basin when many possible earth quakes located at various distances are considered. 2D and 3D simulation is necessary to model the seismic influence from particularly large earthquakes.

  14. Manipulator Performance Evaluation Using Fitts' Taping Task

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Draper, J.V.; Jared, B.C.; Noakes, M.W.

    1999-04-25

    Metaphorically, a teleoperator with master controllers projects the user's arms and hands into a re- mote area, Therefore, human users interact with teleoperators at a more fundamental level than they do with most human-machine systems. Instead of inputting decisions about how the system should func- tion, teleoperator users input the movements they might make if they were truly in the remote area and the remote machine must recreate their trajectories and impedance. This intense human-machine inter- action requires displays and controls more carefully attuned to human motor capabilities than is neces- sary with most systems. It is important for teleoperated manipulators to be able to recreate human trajectories and impedance in real time. One method for assessing manipulator performance is to observe how well a system be- haves while a human user completes human dexterity tasks with it. Fitts' tapping task has been, used many times in the past for this purpose. This report describes such a performance assessment. The International Submarine Engineering (ISE) Autonomous/Teleoperated Operations Manipulator (ATOM) servomanipulator system was evalu- ated using a generic positioning accuracy task. The task is a simple one but has the merits of (1) pro- ducing a performance function estimate rather than a point estimate and (2) being widely used in the past for human and servomanipulator dexterity tests. Results of testing using this task may, therefore, allow comparison with other manipulators, and is generically representative of a broad class of tasks. Results of the testing indicate that the ATOM manipulator is capable of performing the task. Force reflection had a negative impact on task efficiency in these data. This was most likely caused by the high resistance to movement the master controller exhibited with the force reflection engaged. Measurements of exerted forces were not made, so it is not possible to say whether the force reflection helped

  15. Cooking Banana Consumption Patterns in the Plantain-growing Area of Southeastern Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tshiunza, M.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Cooking bananas (Musa spp., ABB genome were intro-duced into Southeastern Nigeria by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA in the mid-1980s as an interim measure to reduce the incidence of black sigatoka disease (caused by the fungus Mycosphaerel-la fijiensis Morelet on plantain. However, the people of this region were not familiar with their utilisation methods. To address this lack of the knowledge and thereby sustain cooking banana cultivation, IITA, in collaboration with the Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC and the Nigeria Agip OU Company (NAOC commenced a training campaign on cooking banana processing methods. This study examined the patterns of utilisation of cooking bananas ten years after the training took place and compared them with plantain. About 95 % of the households interviewed are consuming cooking banana, indicating a broad acceptance of the crop in the region. Overall, two ripening stages termed green and ripe are the most popular ripening stages for the consumption of both plantain and cooking banana, followed by partially ripe maturity stage. The most common forms of consumption for green plantain are, in decreasing order of importance, pottage, boiled, roasted, and fried. Green cooking banana is also mostly eaten in pottage and boiled forms, and less frequently in fried and pounded forms. Ripe plantain is mostly eaten in fried and pottage forms, while ripe cooking banana is mostly eaten in fried and raw forms. Partially ripe plantain is mostly eaten in pottage, fried, boiled, and roasted forms, while partially ripe cooking banana is eaten in fried, pottage and boiled forms. These results indicate that the consumption patterns of plantain and cooking banana are very similar. This similarity has greatly contributed to the rapid integration of cooking banana within the existing plantain consumption and cropping systems.

  16. Toxicity studies of drugs and chemicals in animals: An overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Saganuwan

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Toxicity study is the investigation of either short or long-term toxic effects of a drug or chemical on animals. The toxicity is dose-dependent as asserted by Paracelsus over 500 years ago. However, short-term toxic effect is determined using median lethal dose (LD50 first introduced by Trevan in 1927 and revised many times. Presently there is a growing preponderance of rejection of scientific papers on acute toxicity study, simply because of the belief that in the current hazard and safety as-sessment of drugs and chemicals, LD50 values are no longer used. In view of this, literature search was carried out with a view to investigating the relevance of LD50 in development and assessment of drugs and chemicals. The findings revealed that in the past, many animals had been used for LD50 determination. OECD has reduced the number of test animals to 5–15 and presently it is further re-duced to 2–6. Acute toxicity study is being carried out in medicinal plants research and in the study of patent medicine. Although the application of LD50 has been drastically reduced, it is still applied and accepted in some parts of the world. Moreover, animals on which LD50 tests are conducted, should be allowed to die to see the end effect of the test drug or chemical because euthanisia of test animals may mask some toxicity signs of the test agents. Therefore, toxicity study of drugs and chemicals is a sci-entific process necessary for discovery and development of drugs as well as identification of potential toxicants.

  17. Asymptomatic Malaria and its Challenges in the Malaria Elimination Program in Iran: a Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholmreza Hassanpour

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The ob­jective of this study was to find an appropriate approach to asymptomatic malaria in elimination setting through a systematic review.Methods: A broad search was conducted to find articles with the words ‘malaria’ in their titles and ‘asymptomatic’ or ‘submicroscopic’ in their texts, irrespective of the type of study conducted. The Cochrane, Medline/PubMed, and Scopus databases, as well as Google Scholar were systematically searched for English articles and reports and Iran’s databases- IranMedex, SID and Magiran were searched for Persian reports and articles, with no time limitation. The study was qualitatively summarized if it contained precise information on the role of asymptomatic malaria in the elimination phase.Results: Six articles were selected from the initial 2645 articles. The results all re-emphasize the significance of asymptomatic malaria in the elimination phase, and empha­size the significance of diagnostic tests of higher sensitivity to locate these patients and perform interventions to re­duce the asymptomatic parasitic reservoirs particularly in regions of low transmission. However, we may infer from the results that the current evidence cannot yet specify an accurate strategy on the role of asymptomatic malaria in the elimination phase.Conclusion: To eliminate malaria, alongside vector control, and treatment of symptomatic and asymptomatic pa­tients, active and inactive methods of case detection need to be employed. The precise monitoring of asymptomatic individuals and submicroscopic cases of malaria through molecular assays and valid serological methods, especially in regions where seasonal and low transmission exists can be very helpful at this phase.

  18. The Neo-Tectonic Structure of the South western Tip of the Okinawa Trough

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Yen Ku

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Ilan Plain is located at the south western tip of the Okinawa Trough backarc basin, which prop a gates west ward into the Taiwan orogen. From three moderate earthquakes which occurred near the coast line of the Ilan Plain, one of magnitude 6.2 on 15 May 2002 and the other two of magnitudes 5.51 and 5.49 on 5 March 2005, we at tempted to understand the relation ship between the earthquake mechanisms and the geological context. Seven seismic reflection pro files collected roughly parallel to the coast line of the Ilan Plain were used in this work. A structural fault, with a significant normal faulting component trending approximately ENE-WSW, is identified to the east of the doublet earth quakes of 5 March 2005. Be cause this fault follows the ENE-WSW trend of the after shock seismicity, we named it the Ilan Shelf Fault, which might ex tend to the east be yond the Ilan continental shelf spur. How ever, the centroid seismic moment ten sorsolutions for the doublet earth quakes of 5 March 2005 are of a left-lateral strike-slip faulting type which are consistent with onland GPS observations. Hence, the Ilan Shelf Fault may have a left-lateral strike-slip component. Based on GPS data, we suggest that the northern Central Range block, bounded in the west by the Lishan Fault and in the north by the Ilan Shelf Fault, rotates clock wise. This rotation is ascribed to the northwestward collision of the Luzon Arc against Tai wan. Thus, there is a left-lateral strike-slip and an extensional motion along the Ilan Shelf Fault. The northern Central Range block is tilting north ward which may also in duce the normal faulting component of the Ilan Shelf Fault. In short, the Ilan Shelf Fault could be a major tectonic and structural feature bounding the southern end of the Okinawa Trough backarc basin.

  19. Effective interactions in dilute mixtures of 3He in 4He

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hsu, W.; Pines, D.

    1985-01-01

    Nonlocal pseudopotentials which describe the effective interaction between 3 He quasiparticles, and between these quasiparticles and the background 4 He liquid, are obtained as a function of concentration and pressure by generalizing the Aldrich--Pines pseudopotentials for pure 3 He and 4 He to dilute mixtures. The hierarchy of physical effects which determine these pseudopotentials is established. Interaction-induced short-range correlations are the dominant physical feature; next in order of importance is the greater zero point motion associated with the replacement of a 4 He atom by a 3 He atom, while spin-duced ''Pauli principle'' correlations play a significantly smaller, albeit still important role. We find a consistent trend in the change of the effective direct quasiparticle interactions with increasing concentration, and show how the Aldrich-Pines pseudopotentials for pure 3 He quasiparticles represent a natural extension of our results for dilute mixtures. Our calculated nonlocal pseudopotential for 3 He quasiparticles is qualitatively similar to that proposed by Bardeen, Baym, and Pines; it changes sign at somewhat lower momentum transfers than the BBP result, varies little with concentration, and provides a physical basis for understanding the BBP result. The effective interaction between quasiparticles of parallel spin, here determined for the first time, is essentially repulsive in the very dilute limit; as the concentration increases, it becomes increasingly attractive at low momentum transfers, and resembles closely that between antiparallel spin quasiparticles at 5% concentration. The concentration-dependent transport properties calculated from these pseudopotentials (which involve only one phenomenological parameter) are in good agreement with experiment at saturated vapor pressure (SVP), 10 atm, and 20 atm

  20. 从张小夫《诺日朗》的音响变化过程看电子音乐作品中的声音演变方式%The Evolution of Sound in Electronic Music Works by Taking Zhang Xiaofu's Norlong as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骈韵頔

    2013-01-01

    张小夫以中国深厚的历史文化、传统的声乐、器乐为依托,利用自己丰富的电子音乐技术手段,创作了大量具有强烈中国民族气息的现代电子音乐作品,其中《诺日朗》是其最优秀的作品之一。本文通过仔细分析作品《诺日朗》的音乐发展过程以及作品中主要的三种素材类型,来探讨电子音乐作品中核心素材的演变方式,并以此论证张小夫注重“技术性”与“可听性”、“民族性”三者相结合的创作理念。%With Chinese history and culture , traditional vocal music and instruments as the foundation , Zhang Xiaofu has pro-duced a lot of electronic music works with Chinese style by taking advantage of much electronic music technology .Norlong is one of his best works .The thesis analyses the music developing process and three different material types in this music in detail to discuss the evolution of core material in the works of electronic music and prove Zhang Xiaofu's creative idea of the combination of "technology","audibility"and "nationality"in music.

  1. Signal dependence of inter-pixel capacitance in hybridized HgCdTe H2RG arrays for use in James Webb space telescope's NIRcam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donlon, Kevan; Ninkov, Zoran; Baum, Stefi

    2016-08-01

    Interpixel capacitance (IPC) is a deterministic electronic coupling by which signal generated in one pixel is measured in neighboring pixels. Examination of dark frames from test NIRcam arrays corroborates earlier results and simulations illustrating a signal dependent coupling. When the signal on an individual pixel is larger, the fractional coupling to nearest neighbors is lesser than when the signal is lower. Frames from test arrays indicate a drop in average coupling from approximately 1.0% at low signals down to approximately 0.65% at high signals depending on the particular array in question. The photometric ramifications for this non-uniformity are not fully understood. This non-uniformity intro-duces a non-linearity in the current mathematical model for IPC coupling. IPC coupling has been mathematically formalized as convolution by a blur kernel. Signal dependence requires that the blur kernel be locally defined as a function of signal intensity. Through application of a signal dependent coupling kernel, the IPC coupling can be modeled computationally. This method allows for simultaneous knowledge of the intrinsic parameters of the image scene, the result of applying a constant IPC, and the result of a signal dependent IPC. In the age of sub-pixel precision in astronomy these effects must be properly understood and accounted for in order for the data to accurately represent the object of observation. Implementation of this method is done through python scripted processing of images. The introduction of IPC into simulated frames is accomplished through convolution of the image with a blur kernel whose parameters are themselves locally defined functions of the image. These techniques can be used to enhance the data processing pipeline for NIRcam.

  2. Cleverly Design"Nexus"Homework%巧妙设计“承上启下”的课后作业

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明小艳

    2015-01-01

    Self-learning ability of students has been a major issue of concern in the new curriculum, homework is an effec-tive way to train students in independent study, but more work is arranged to review the existing school class work mainly focused on the review of knowledge and consolidation, less prep class jobs. Concerned about student life development, care-ful reading curriculum standards, accurate analysis of the principles of teaching and learning situation, cleverly designed a balanced review and preview functions work, both to foster students' ability to learn, to improve learning efficiency, and re-duce students' work burden.%学生自主学习能力的培养一直是新课改中关注的一个重要问题,课后作业是培养学生自主学习的一个有效途径,但是现行学校的作业布置多以复习类作业为主,侧重于知识的复习和巩固,预习类作业较少。在关注学生生命发展、认真研读课标、准确分析教材和学情的原则上,巧妙地设计一种兼顾复习和预习功能的作业,既能培养学生的自主学习能力,提高学习效率,又能减少学生的作业负担。

  3. MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF PLANE IL-76TD-90VD LANDING IN ANTARCTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the information from the Internet the authors decided to reproduce the possible conditions of landing the plane IL-76TD-90VD in Antarctica in their computer experiment using the mathematical modeling system of aircraft flight dynamics (MMS AFD, which is developed and continuously improved in MSTUCA. MMS AFD has already shown its ability to complete such tasks for different aircraft types in various conditions, including IL-76TD, IL-96-300, IL-96T and also slippery runways.For the computational experiments the information from the web sources was used. The authors did not aim to pro- duce a final numerical results, which describe the possible operating conditions. It was expected only to get accurate qualita- tive results, which can adequately describe the behavior of the airplane IL-76TD-90VD when landing on the slippery runway.So, the authors were able to obtain a typical turn of plane at the end of run and show that the pilot style in these conditions has little effect on the qualitative behavior of the aircraft. The most important factor leading to such maneuvers, lies in the special connection of longitudinal and lateral friction of gear wheels with runway.The authors managed to identify the minimum allowed value of standard friction coefficient of the runway (0,42 which allows a safe landing under crosswind 15 m/s.The results that agree qualitatively with the known situations indicate the possibility for MMS AFD to properly reproduce various cases of aircraft IL-76TD-90VD landing to Antarctica ice airfield and identify any inaccurately knownparameters.

  4. FONTES E DOSES DE BORO NA QUALIDADE DE SEMENTES DE FEIJÃO-COMUM E MAMONA SOB CONSÓRCIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MATEUS LELES LIMA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Elevated productivity of castor and common bean in intercropping is obtained with the use of quality seeds, where boron plays an important role in plant nutrition. The objective of the this study was to evaluate the physiological quality of seeds of the common bean and castor grown in intercropping syste ms, subject to different sources and levels of boron. A completely randomized design was used in a 2 x 5 + 2 facto- rial scheme with four replications. Treatments cons isted of two sources of boron (borax = 11% B and bo ric acid = 17% B, combined with five boron doses (0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0 kg ha -1 of B in the soil in intercropping of the common bean with castor, plus additional treatm ents of common bean and castor in monoculture. It w as concluded that boric acid permitted for acquisition of common bean seeds with the highest germination per- centage when intercropped with castor. Use of the d ose of 1.5 kg ha -1 of boron in the soil resulted in acquisition of seeds of the common bean with vigor of 79% when intercropped with castor, regardless of the boron s ource. Employing 2.3 kg ha -1 of boron, with the source being either boric acid or borax, influenced the vigor of castor seeds produced when intercropped with the common be an. The addition of boron by soil fertilization, in de- pendent of the source used, did not affect the phys iological quality of common bean seeds or castor se eds pro- duced in monoculture.

  5. A synthetic peptide with the putative iron binding motif of amyloid precursor protein (APP does not catalytically oxidize iron.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kourosh Honarmand Ebrahimi

    Full Text Available The β-amyloid precursor protein (APP, which is a key player in Alzheimer's disease, was recently reported to possess an Fe(II binding site within its E2 domain which exhibits ferroxidase activity [Duce et al. 2010, Cell 142: 857]. The putative ligands of this site were compared to those in the ferroxidase site of ferritin. The activity was indirectly measured using transferrin, which scavenges the Fe(III product of the reaction. A 22-residue synthetic peptide, named FD1, with the putative ferroxidase site of APP, and the E2 domain of APP were each reported to exhibit 40% of the ferroxidase activity of APP and of ceruloplasmin. It was also claimed that the ferroxidase activity of APP is inhibited by Zn(II just as in ferritin. We measured the ferroxidase activity indirectly (i by the incorporation of the Fe(III product of the ferroxidase reaction into transferrin and directly (ii by monitoring consumption of the substrate molecular oxygen. The results with the FD1 peptide were compared to the established ferroxidase activities of human H-chain ferritin and of ceruloplasmin. For FD1 we observed no activity above the background of non-enzymatic Fe(II oxidation by molecular oxygen. Zn(II binds to transferrin and diminishes its Fe(III incorporation capacity and rate but it does not specifically bind to a putative ferroxidase site of FD1. Based on these results, and on comparison of the putative ligands of the ferroxidase site of APP with those of ferritin, we conclude that the previously reported results for ferroxidase activity of FD1 and - by implication - of APP should be re-evaluated.

  6. IND UCTION OF SPAW NING IN THE TR OPICAL WALKING CATFISH (C la rias b atr ac hus BY CONTROLLI NG WATER L EVEL AND T EMPERAT URE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. ZAIRIN JR.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This experiment was carried out t o confirm the rol e of water level and w ater temperature i n indu cing t he s pawning o f tr opical walking catfi sh . Ma ture mal es an d females reared un de r 23 - 2 5 °C, were paired and in duced to spa wn by cont rolling w ater level and w ater temperature. Decr easi ng water level and returni ng it to its original level r esulted i n a low spawni ng r ate (l es s t han 6. 7 % at 23 °C . Decreasing water level with simultaneous increase in water temperature, followed by returning the respective levels to their originals gave high spa wning rates ( 41.7 — 50 %; whereas the s ame treatment but without a ny water temperature decrea sed when t he wate r le vel was return ed t o t he initial level, gave a lo w spawning rate (16 .7 %. In creasin g water level only, fail ed to ind uce spa wning . A high spawning rate was obtained also when changes in water level were ca rried out under high t emperature of 28 °C. No fish spawned in the ab sence of the environmental stimulation. From the results, i t is confirmed that water le vel and t emperature play important r oles i n i nducin g spaw ning of tropical walki ng catfish. Changes i n water t emperature probably increas e the sensitivity of fish to th e change in water level. Prolo nged exposure to high water tem perature c ould also improve the sensitivity of fish.

  7. A comparative study of GERIPA ethanol with other fuels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldo Lombardi

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The GERIPA project aimed at generating renewable energy integrated with food production has led to a beneficial option for pro- ducing ethanol and electricity. Ethanol has economic, social and environmental potential. Considering just the first one, Brazil consumes 39 billion litres per year-LD/yr of diesel oil, 18% of it being imported. The Federal Government has a recovery pro- gramme for the soybean agribusiness aimed at soybean biodiesel (SBD production in which a 10% addition to diesel has been proposed. This 10% involves producing 10.7 million LSBD/d. Soybean bio-diesel production is not self-sustainable and such pro- posal could require an annual subsidy of up to US$1.33 billion. Soybean plantations would need about 10 to 12 times more land than is necessary for sugarcane plantations to produce the same equivalent thermal energy (ETE. Sixty-seven GERIPA pro- jects (GP producing 80,000 litres of ethanol per day (GP80 could be set up with the sum of US$1.33 billion; this would substitute current Brazilian biodiesel demand by 4.28%, adding the same value for each new subsidiary. Considering ETE, e- thanol-GP cost would be 37% to 50% below that for a litre of SBD on account of its raw material (RM and region. The diesel cycle’s thermal efficiency (ηt yield is around 50% and that of the Otto cycle engine ηt is around 37%. The cost per km driven (CKD by substituting SBD for ethanol-GP80 would thus indicate an 18% minimum and 59% maximum cost reduction for vehicle engines.

  8. INSTRUMENTE JURIDICE DE DREPT INTERNAŢIONAL PRIVAT ÎN DOMENIUL PROTECŢIEI DREPTURILOR COPILULUI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oxana MIRON

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available În totalitatea sa, Conferinţa dela Hagade drept internaţional privat a adoptat circa 38 de convenţii în domeniul pro­tecţiei drepturilor copilului, care funcţionează şi acum în practică, având influenţă asupra sistemelor juridice ale diferite­lor ţări.Intensificarea globalizării şi uniformizării sistemelor juridice în lumea modernă duce la apariţia multor conflicte cu elemente de extraneitate, inclusiv în raporturile familiale şi în protecţia drepturilor copilului.În acest context, Republica Moldova este pusă în situaţia de a purcede la mari schimbări în legislaţia naţională, pre­cum şi la ratificarea celorlalte convenţii necesare pentru protecţia drepturilor copiilor. LEGAL INSTRUMENTS OF INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW IN THE FIELD OF HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTIONIn its entirety, The Hague Conference on Private International Law adopted around 38 conventions in the field of child protection, working now in practice and having an influence on the legal systems of different countries.The intensification of globalization and uniformity in the modern legal systems leads to many conflicts with foreign elements, including in the family and child protection fields.In this context,Moldovais compelled to implement big changes to its national legislation as well as ratify other conventions necessary for the protection of children's rights.

  9. Color normalization of histology slides using graph regularized sparse NMF

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sha, Lingdao; Schonfeld, Dan; Sethi, Amit

    2017-03-01

    Computer based automatic medical image processing and quantification are becoming popular in digital pathology. However, preparation of histology slides can vary widely due to differences in staining equipment, procedures and reagents, which can reduce the accuracy of algorithms that analyze their color and texture information. To re- duce the unwanted color variations, various supervised and unsupervised color normalization methods have been proposed. Compared with supervised color normalization methods, unsupervised color normalization methods have advantages of time and cost efficient and universal applicability. Most of the unsupervised color normaliza- tion methods for histology are based on stain separation. Based on the fact that stain concentration cannot be negative and different parts of the tissue absorb different stains, nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF), and particular its sparse version (SNMF), are good candidates for stain separation. However, most of the existing unsupervised color normalization method like PCA, ICA, NMF and SNMF fail to consider important information about sparse manifolds that its pixels occupy, which could potentially result in loss of texture information during color normalization. Manifold learning methods like Graph Laplacian have proven to be very effective in interpreting high-dimensional data. In this paper, we propose a novel unsupervised stain separation method called graph regularized sparse nonnegative matrix factorization (GSNMF). By considering the sparse prior of stain concentration together with manifold information from high-dimensional image data, our method shows better performance in stain color deconvolution than existing unsupervised color deconvolution methods, especially in keeping connected texture information. To utilized the texture information, we construct a nearest neighbor graph between pixels within a spatial area of an image based on their distances using heat kernal in lαβ space. The

  10. Behavioral Genetics in Criminal and Civil Courts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabatello, Maya; Appelbaum, Paul S

    Although emerging findings in psychiatric and behavioral genetics create hope for improved prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders, the introduction of such data as evidence in criminal and civil proceedings raises a host of ethical, legal, and social issues. Should behavioral and psychiatric genetic data be admissible in judicial proceedings? If so, what are the various means for obtaining such evidence, and for what purposes should its admission be sought and permitted? How could-and should-such evidence affect judicial outcomes in criminal and civil proceedings? And what are the potential implications of using behavioral and psychiatric genetic evidence for individuals and communities, and for societal values of equality and justice? This article provides an overview of the historical and current developments in behavioral genetics. We then explore the extent to which behavioral genetic evidence has-and should-affect determinations of criminal responsibility and sentencing, as well as the possible ramifications of introducing such evidence in civil courts, with a focus on tort litigation and child custody disputes. We also consider two ways in which behavioral genetic evidence may come to court in the future-through genetic theft or the subpoena of a litigant's biospecimen data that was previously obtained for clinical or research purposes-and the concerns that these possibilities raise. Finally, we highlight the need for caution and for approaches to prevent the misuse of behavioral genetic evidence in courts.

  11. The Adversarial Principle and the5º Paragraph of the Article 307 of the TCE-ES Res. 261/2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Ambrósio Gava

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to analyze the implications of the adversarial principle in the administrative process that are judged by the TCE-ES under summary rite. More specifically, we examine if it is possible to judge the process merit without the accused's subpoena. Throughout the study, the characteristics of the Courts of Accounts are explained, according to the doctrine and jurisprudence, as well their prerogative of precautionary action, recognized by the theory of implied powers. In addition, the systematic of the summary procedure, by which develop the processes in which there are precautionary action, is studied, from the specific legislation. At last, the summary procedure is analyzed, specifically with respect to the art. 307, §5º, Res. TCE-ES 261/2013, from the perspective of the adversarial principle, understood, based on the doctrine teaching and according to the New Code of Civil Procedure, as the right of knowledge and of influence the debate. We demonstrated, based on literature and through a deductive argumentative reasoning, that the TEC -ES cannot do disregard the adversarial principle, otherwise there would be violation of this fundamental right.

  12. Within a Stone's Throw: Proximal Geolocation of Internet Users via Covert Wireless Signaling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul, Nathanael R [ORNL; Shue, Craig [Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester; Taylor, Curtis [Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester

    2013-01-01

    While Internet users may often believe they have anonymity online, a culmination of technologies and recent research may allow an adversary to precisely locate an online user s geophysical location. In many cases, such as peer-to-peer applications, an adversary can easily use a target s IP address to quickly obtain the general geographical location of the target. Recent research has scoped this general area to a 690m (0.43 mile) radius circle. In this work, we show how an adversary can exploit Internet communication for geophysical location by embedding covert signals in communication with a target on a remote wireless local area network. We evaluated the approach in two common real-world settings: a residential neighborhood and an apartment building. In the neighborhood case, we used a single-blind trial in which an observer located a target network to within three houses in less than 40 minutes. Directional antennas may have allowed even more precise geolocation. This approach had only a 0.38% false positive rate, despite 24,000 observed unrelated packets and many unrelated networks. This low rate allowed the observer to exclude false locations and continue searching for the target. Our results enable law enforcement or copyright holders to quickly locate online Internet users without requiring time-consuming subpoenas to Internet Service Providers. Other privacy use cases include rapidly locating individuals based on their online speech or interests. We hope to raise awareness of these issues and to spur discussion on privacy and geolocating techniques.

  13. To Speak or Not to Speak: Developing Legal Standards for Anonymous Speech on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomas A. Lipinski

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores recent developments in the regulation of Internet speech, in specific, injurious or defamatory speech and the impact such speech has on the rights of anonymous speakers to remain anonymous as opposed to having their identity revealed to plaintiffs or other third parties. The paper proceeds in four sections.  First, a brief history of the legal attempts to regulate defamatory Internet speech in the United States is presented. As discussed below this regulation has altered the traditional legal paradigm of responsibility and as a result creates potential problems for the future of anonymous speech on the Internet.  As a result plaintiffs are no longer pursuing litigation against service providers but taking their dispute directly to the anonymous speaker. Second, several cases have arisen in the United States where plaintiffs have requested that the identity of an anonymous Internet speaker be revealed.  These cases are surveyed.  Third, the cases are analyzed in order to determine the factors that courts require to be present before the identity of an anonymous speaker will be revealed.  The release is typically accomplished by the enforcement of a discovery subpoena instigated by the party seeking the identity of the anonymous speaker. The factors courts have used are as follows: jurisdiction, good faith (both internal and external, necessity (basic and sometimes absolute, and at times proprietary interest. Finally, these factors are applied in three scenarios--e-commerce, education, and employment--to guide institutions when adopting policies that regulate when the identity of an anonymous speaker--a customer, a student or an employee--would be released as part of an internal initiative, but would nonetheless be consistent with developing legal standards.

  14. Reducing stigma among healthcare providers to improve mental health services (RESHAPE): protocol for a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial of a stigma reduction intervention for training primary healthcare workers in Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohrt, Brandon A; Jordans, Mark J D; Turner, Elizabeth L; Sikkema, Kathleen J; Luitel, Nagendra P; Rai, Sauharda; Singla, Daisy R; Lamichhane, Jagannath; Lund, Crick; Patel, Vikram

    2018-01-01

    Non-specialist healthcare providers, including primary and community healthcare workers, in low- and middle-income countries can effectively treat mental illness. However, scaling-up mental health services within existing health systems has been limited by barriers such as stigma against people with mental illness. Therefore, interventions are needed to address attitudes and behaviors among non-specialists. Aimed at addressing this gap, RE ducing S tigma among H ealthc A re P roviders to Improv E mental health services (RESHAPE) is an intervention in which social contact with mental health service users is added to training for non-specialist healthcare workers integrating mental health services into primary healthcare. This protocol describes a mixed methods pilot and feasibility study in primary care centers in Chitwan, Nepal. The qualitative component will include key informant interviews and focus group discussions. The quantitative component consists of a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial (c-RCT), which will establish parameters for a future effectiveness study of RESHAPE compared to training as usual (TAU). Primary healthcare facilities (the cluster unit, k  = 34) will be randomized to TAU or RESHAPE. The direct beneficiaries of the intervention are the primary healthcare workers in the facilities ( n  = 150); indirect beneficiaries are their patients ( n  = 100). The TAU condition is existing mental health training and supervision for primary healthcare workers delivered through the Programme for Improving Mental healthcarE (PRIME) implementing the mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP). The primary objective is to evaluate acceptability and feasibility through qualitative interviews with primary healthcare workers, trainers, and mental health service users. The secondary objective is to collect quantitative information on health worker outcomes including mental health stigma (Social Distance Scale), clinical knowledge (mh

  15. Extracción de fibras de agave para elaborar papel y artesanías Extracción de fibras de agave para elaborar papel y artesanías

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Prieto Rodríguez

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Investigación aplicada para el aprovechamiento integral sustentable de vegetales nativos regionales, en la cual se extrajo fibra de seis especies de Agave (maguey; tres de hoja angosta (A. lechuguilla, A. angustifolia y A. tequilana y tres de hoja ancha (A. americana, A. salmiana y A. mapisaga, utilizando tres métodos; 1 inmersión en agua a cielo abierto, 2 fermentación con y sin “aguamiel”, y 3 cocción de pencas. Se evaluó: color, olor, suavidad, enguiche, facilidad de desfibración, y tiempo empleado. En conclusión, el tratamiento más práctico fue el cocimiento de pencas, aunque no el más económico y ecológico. Los resultados obtenidos hasta esta etapa indican que de cada especie analizada se puede obtener papel y que éste presenta características distintivas que lo hacen atractivo para diferentes usos artesanales. Particularmente, las especies que produjeron los tipos de papel de mayor calidad para la escritura y el dibujo fueron A. salmiana y A. mapisaga.   Applied research for the sustainable integral use of regional native plants, which was extracted fiber from six species of Agave (common name maguey, three narrow-leaved (A. lechuguilla, A. angustifolia and A. tequilana and three wide-leaved (A. americana, A. salmiana and A. mapisaga by using three methods: 1 cooking of pads, 2 fermentation with and without aguamiel (maguey sweet juice and 3 immersion in water open sky. By considering the variables color, odor, softness, enguiche, easiness of defibration and time spent. In conclusion, most practical treatment was the boiling of the fleshy leaves, but not the most economical and environmentally friendly one. The results got up to this stage indicate that paper can be obtained from each of the six species and that it shows characteristic features which make it attractive to be applied in various craft uses. In particular, the species pro­ducing the most paper with the best quality, i.e., for writing and drawing, were A

  16. 基因芯片研究蟾酥急性毒性及配伍减毒机制%Acute Toxicity of Venenum Bufonis and Compatibility of Heart Musk Protecting Pills by Microarray Expression Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨爱文; 范雪梅; 李雪; 梁琼麟; 王义明; 罗国安

    2011-01-01

    利用基因芯片技术研究了蟾酥对大鼠心脏的急性毒性及其组方成麝香保心丸后的配伍减毒机制.通过表达谱芯片检测了药物作用后的基因表达差异,对差异表达基因进行了牛物信息学研究并结合实时荧光定量PCR分析.结果表明,低剂量蟾酥可以通过干扰离子稳态和肌动蛋白构建来影响心脏的收缩,同时还会导致心脏细胞的抗凋亡和脂类代谢等应激反应;高剂量蟾酥除进一步干扰离子稳态和肌动蛋白构建外,还会引发铁离子蓄积,最终可能导致细胞凋亡;且蟾酥对心脏的影响具有剂量依赖性.当蟾酥组方成麝香保心丸后,上述影响均不明显,主要影响血压调节和心肌修复等作用,体现了中药配伍的减毒作用.%The differentially expressed genes involved in acute toxicity and compatibility of Heart Musk Pro tecting Pills(HMP) via cDNA microarray were investigated in this paper. Then the GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed as well as the functional analysis and RT-PCR validation of two important genes. The results indicated that the ion homeostasis and actin organization were affected in the low dosage group for Venenum Bufonis. Meanwhile, regulation of anti-apoptosis and fatty acid metabolism could be in duced within 2 h; the myocardial contraction was finally disturbed. The ion homeostasis and actin organization could also be disturbed more quickly in the high dosage group. In addition, the iron accumulation could lead to oxidation reduction and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. For HMP, there were some clinical functions, such as blood pressure regulation and myocardial structure organization. However, the related acute toxicity of Vene num Bufonis was not shown. This paper could provide a novel research strategy in the compatibility study of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM ).

  17. Induction of CD69 expression by cagPAI-positive Helicobacter pylori infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Naoki Mori; Chie Ishikawa; Masachika Senba

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To investigate and elucidate the molecular mech-anism that regulates inducible expression of CD69 by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori ) infection.METHODS: The expression levels of CD69 in a T-cell line, Jurkat, primary human peripheral blood mononu-clear cells (PBMCs), and CD4+T cells, were assessed by immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and flow cytometry. Activation of CD69 promoter was detected by reporter gene. Nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation in Jurkat cells infected with H. pylori was evaluated by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. The role of NF-κB signaling in H. pylori -induced CD69 expression was analyzed using inhibitors of NF-κB and dominant-negative mutants. The isogenic mutants with disrupted cag pathogenicity island ( cagPAI) and virD4 were used to elucidate the role of cagPAI-encoding type Ⅳ secretion system and CagA in CD69 expression.RESULTS: CD69 staining was detected in mucosal lymphocytes and macrophages in specimens of pa-tients with H. pylori -positive gastritis. Although cagPAI-positive H. pylori and an isogenic mutant of virD4 induced CD69 expression, an isogenic mutant of cag-PAI failed to induce this in Jurkat cells. H. pylori also induced CD69 expression in PBMCs and CD4+T cells. The activation of the CD69 promoter by H. pylori was mediated through NF-κB. Transfection of dominant-negative mutants of IκBs, IκB kinases, and NF-κB-inducing kinase inhibited H. pylori -induced CD69 activation. Inhibitors of NF-κB suppressed H. pylori -induced CD69 mRNA expression.CONCLUSION: The results suggest that H. pylori in-duces CD69 expression through the activation of NF-κB. cagPAI might be relevant in the induction of CD69 expression in T cells. CD69 in T cells may play a role in H. pylori -induced gastritis.

  18. Two-Sided Markets and Competitive Strategy:An Empirical Analysis of the Crowdfunding Platform%众筹平台双边市场特性与竞争策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾江洪; 李佳威; 李林海

    2017-01-01

    当前,众筹平台逐渐分化为综合型与垂直型众筹平台,其用户规模和交易费率都存在显著差异,需要制定有针对性的竞争策略。根据众筹模式特征,构建了Hotelling 竞争模型,分组实证考察了综合型和垂直型众筹平台双边用户交叉网络外部性、支持者自网络外部性和平台定价的综合影响。结果表明,在综合型众筹平台中,支持者规模对支持者投资需求产生了显著正自网络外部性;而在垂直型众筹平台中,支持者规模对发起者筹资需求、发起者规模对支持者投资需求均产生了显著的正交叉网络外部性,且平台定价显著负向影响发起者筹资需求。%Crowdfunding industry gradually differentiate into integrated and vertical crowdfunding platform ,its user size and transaction rates are significantly different ,the need to develop specific competitive strategy .Binding characteristics of the crowdfunding model to construct Hotelling competition model ,the effects of packet empirical investigation integrated and vertical crowdfunding platform user cross‐group external effects ,supporters within‐group external effects and plat‐form pricing .The results show that :the integrated crowdfunding platform ,the scale of investment demand for supporters supporters have had a significant positive externalities from the network ;and in the vertical crowdfunding platforms ,sup‐porters of the scale of the financing needs of the initiator to initiate by the scale of investment demand were supporters pro‐duced a significant positive cross‐network externalities ,pricing and financing platform for the needs of the initiator had a significant negative impact .

  19. TRADITIONS OF RUSSIAN BUSINESS AND CORPORATE PATRIOTISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. A. Sverdlikova

    2017-01-01

    deeper look at the staff of the modern Russian organizations. Deeper analysis shows, that people seek to embody in their lives, at work and at home, high principles and ideals. The study of documents and analysis of periodicals testifies the fact that modern “captains of business” and the personnel, overall, are repro- 118 duced skills and values inherent in the previous generations. The most significant values of this kind are the values of the Russian diligence and the predominance of the moral forms of motivation over the material. These data are meaningful for characteristics of modern Russian business culture in general, as well as characteristics of the personnel loyalty to the organization.

  20. The Irma-sponge Project Frhymap: Flood Risk and Hydrological Mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, L.; Pfister, L.

    In the context of both increasing socio-economic developments in floodplains and the recent heavy floodings that have occurred in the Rhine and Meuse basins, the need for reliable hydro-climatological data, easily transposable hydrological and hydraulic models, as well as risk management tools has increased crucially. In the FRHYMAP project, some of these issues were addressed within a common mesoscale experimen- tal basin: the Alzette river basin, located in the Grand-duchy of Luxembourg. The various aspects concerning flooding events, reaching from the hydro-climatological analysis of field data to the risk assessment of socio-economic impacts, taking into account past and future climate and landuse changes were analysed by the six partici- pating research institutes (CREBS, L; CEREG, F; DLR, D; EPFL, CH; UB, D; VUB, B). Hydro-climatological data analysis over the past five decades has shown that in the study area, the increase in westerly and south-westerly atmospheric circulation patterns induced higher winter rainfall totals, leading to more frequent groundwater resurgences and ultimately also to higher daily maximum streamflow of the Alzette. The thus increased flood hazard has nonetheless a certain spatial variability, closely linked to the rainfall distribution patterns, which are strongly depending on the topo- graphical characteristics of the study area. Although the overall regime of the Alzette is more dependent on climate fluctuations, land use changes (mining activities, urbani- sation) had a marked effect on the rainfall-runoff relationship in some sub-basins over the last decades. By linking model parameters to physiographical basin characteris- tics, regionalised and thus easily transposable hydrological models were developed. Within a study area with very little long-term observation series, this technique, com- bined with the use of hydraulic models, allowed to define hydrological hazard pro- ducing and hydrological risk exposed areas. The

  1. Different behavioural responses of larval fish under microgravity and morphological correlates in the inner ear -a drop-tower study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilbig, Reinhard; Weigele, Jochen; Knie, Miriam; Hendrik Anken, Ralf

    In vertebrates altered gravitational environments such as weightlessness (microgravity, g) in-duce changes in central and peripheral interpretation of sensory input leading to alterations in motor behaviour (e.g., intersensory-conflicts) including space motion sickness, a sensory motor kinetosis normally accompanied by malaise and vomiting. In fish it had been repeatedly shown that some fish of a given batch reveal motion sickness after transition from hypergravity (pull up) to microgravity microgravity in the course of parabolic aircraft flight (PF= low quality microgravity = LQM) experiments or in the case of drop tower experiments at ZARM (Bre-men) immediately after release of the capsule. The drop-tower studies were designed to further elucidate the role of otolith asymmetry concerning an individually different susceptibility to kinetoses. In order to test, whether the differing results between the PF and the drop-tower experiment were based exclusively on the differing quality of diminished gravity, or, if further parameters of the PF and the drop-tower environment need to be taken into consideration (e.g., vibrations and changing accelerations during PFs or the brisk compression of the drop-capsule at its release) to explain the differing results, drop-tower flights were performed at a series of increasing accelerations, by centrifugation in the drop capsule. This simulation of "differ-ent micro" gravity was carried out in housing larval cichlid fish (Oreochromis mossambicus) within a centrifuge at high quality microgravity 10-6g (HQM) and 10-4g to 0.3g during the drop-tower flights. The percentual ratios of the swimming behaviour at drop-tower changed significantly according to the increasing acceleration force of the centrifuge during flight. With increasing acceleration (= detectable gravity for fish) the relative proportion of looping an d spinning movements decreased in favour of normal swimming an at 0.3g nearly no kinetotic behaviour was observed. When

  2. Nickel-Graphite Composite Compliant Interface and/or Hot Shoe Material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firdosy, Samad A.; Chun-Yip Li, Billy; Ravi, Vilupanur A.; Fleurial, Jean-Pierre; Caillat, Thierry; Anjunyan, Harut

    2013-01-01

    Next-generation high-temperature thermoelectric-power-generating devices will employ segmented architectures and will have to reliably withstand thermally induced mechanical stresses produced during component fabrication, device assembly, and operation. Thermoelectric materials have typically poor mechanical strength, exhibit brittle behavior, and possess a wide range of coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) values. As a result, the direct bonding at elevated temperatures of these materials to each other to produce segmented leg components is difficult, and often results in localized microcracking at interfaces and mec hanical failure due to the stresses that arise from the CTE mismatch between the various materials. Even in the absence of full mechanical failure, degraded interfaces can lead to increased electrical and thermal resistances, which adversely impact conversion efficiency and power output. The proposed solution is the insertion of a mechanically compliant layer, with high electrical and thermal conductivity, between the low- and high-temperature segments to relieve thermomechanical stresses during device fabrication and operation. This composite material can be used as a stress-relieving layer between the thermoelectric segments and/or between a thermoelectric segment and a hot- or cold-side interconnect material. The material also can be used as a compliant hot shoe. Nickel-coated graphite powders were hot-pressed to form a nickel-graphite composite material. A freestanding thermoelectric segmented leg was fabricated by brazing the compliant pad layer between the high-temperature p- Zintl and low-temperature p-SKD TE segments using Cu-Ag braze foils. The segmented leg stack was heated in vacuum under a compressive load to achieve bonding. The novelty of the innovation is the use of composite material that re duces the thermomechanical stresses en - countered in the construction of high-efficiency, high-temperature therm - o-electric devices. The

  3. Review of Agricultural Plastic Mulching and Its Residual Pollution and Prevention Measures In China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YAN Chang-rong

    2014-04-01

    , crispat-ural cylindric and spherality existed in soil as horizontal, vertical and incline state. In present, there are machinery harvesting technique, re-ducing plastic film mulching technique, replacing technique with biodegradable plastic film to against this pollution. For plastic film residuespollution countermeasures, it is necessary to revise the standard of plastic film and strive monitoring the quality of plastic film, improve theretrievability of plastic residue; It is also necessary to extend reducing plastic film mulching technique, harvesting techniques and increaseharvesting rate of residue; strength the adaption study and promote the rational utilization of agricultural plastic film.

  4. A Study of the Surface Structure of Polymorphic Graphene and Other Two-Dimensional Materials for Use in Novel Electronics and Organic Photovoltaics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grady, Maxwell

    For some time there has been interest in the fundamental physical properties of low- dimensional material systems. The discovery of graphene as a stable two-dimensional form of solid carbon lead to an exponential increase in research in two-dimensional and other re- duced dimensional systems. It is now known that there is a wide range of materials which are stable in two-dimensional form. These materials span a large configuration space of struc- tural, mechanical, and electronic properties, which results in the potential to create novel electronic devices from nano-scale heterostructures with exactly tailored device properties. Understanding the material properties at the nanoscale level requires specialized tools to probe materials with atomic precision. Here I present the growth and analysis of a novel graphene-ruthenium system which exhibits unique polymorphism in its surface structure, hereby referred to as polymorphic graphene. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) investigations of the polymorphic graphene surface reveal a periodically rippled structure with a vast array of domains, each exhibiting xvia unique moire period. The majority of moire domains found in this polymorphic graphene system are previously unreported in past studies of the structure of graphene on ruthenium. To better understand many of the structural properties of this system, characterization methods beyond those available at the UNH surface science lab are employed. Further investigation using Low Energy Electron Microscopy (LEEM) has been carried out at Sandia National Laboratory's Center for Integrated Nanotechnology and the Brookhaven National Laboratory Center for Functional Nanomaterials. To aid in analysis of the LEEM data, I have developed an open source software package to automate extraction of electron reflectivity curves from real space and reciprocal space data sets. This software has been used in the study of numerous other two-dimensional materials beyond graphene. When

  5. Environmental issues of petroleum exploration and production: Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharaka, Yousif K.; Dorsey, Nancy S.

    2005-01-01

    Energy is the lifeblood of our planet Earth, an essential commod- ity that powers the expanding global economy. Starting in the 1950s, oil and natural gas became the main sources of primary energy for the increasing world population, and this dominance is expected to continue for several more decades (Edwards, 1997; Energy Information Administration (EIA), 2004). In the United States, petroleum production started in 1859 when Drake's well was drilled near Titusville, Pennsylvania, and oil and natural gas currently supply approximately 63% of the energy consumption; forecasts indicate that by 2025, their use will increase by about 40% to 28.3 million bbl/day and to 31.4 tcf/yr (EIA, 2004). The clear benefits of petroleum consumption, however, can carry major environmental impacts that may be regional or global in scale, in- cluding air pollution, global climate change, and oil spills. This vol- ume of Environmental Geosciences, covering environmental impacts of petroleum exploration and production, does not address these major impacts directly because air pollution and global warming are issues related primarily to petroleum and coal uses, and major oil spills are generally attributed to marine petroleum transportation, such as the Exxon Valdez's 1989 spill of 260,000 bbl of oil into Prince William Sound, Alaska. Exploration for and production of petroleum, however, have caused local detrimental impacts to soils, surface and groundwa- ters, and ecosystems in the 36 producing states in the United States (Richter and Kreitler, 1993; Kharaka and Hanor, 2003). These im- pacts arose primarily from the improper disposal of some of the large volumes (presently estimated at 20 billion bbl/yr total pro- duced) of saline water produced with oil and gas, from accidental hydrocarbon and produced-water releases, and from abandoned oil wells that were orphaned or not correctly plugged (Kharaka et al., 1995; Veil et al., 2004). Impacts and ground-surface disturbances, in the order

  6. High-Gradient Test of a 3 GHz Single-Cell Cavity

    CERN Document Server

    Verdú-Andrés, S; Bonomi, R; Degiovanni, A; Garlasché, M; Garonna, A; Mellace, C; Pearce, P; S. Verdú-Andrés; Wegner, R

    2010-01-01

    Pro­ton and car­bon ion beams pre­sent ad­van­ta­geous depth-dose dis­tri­bu­tions with re­spect to X-rays. Car­bon ions allow a bet­ter con­trol of "ra­diore­sis­tant" tu­mours due to their high­er bi­o­log­i­cal re­sponse. For deep-seat­ed tu­mours pro­ton and car­bon ion beams of some nA and en­er­gies of about 200 MeV and 400 MeV/u re­spec­tive­ly are need­ed. For these ap­pli­ca­tions TERA pro­posed the "cy­clinac": a high-fre­quen­cy linac which boosts the hadrons ac­cel­er­at­ed by a cy­clotron. The di­men­sions of the com­plex can be re­duced if high­er ac­cel­er­at­ing gra­di­ents are achieved in the linac. To test the max­i­mum achiev­able fields, a 3 GHz cav­i­ty has been built by TERA. The 19 mm-long cell is fore­seen to be ex­cit­ed at 200 Hz by 3 us RF puls­es and should reach a 40 MV/m ac­cel­er­at­ing gra­di­ent, which cor­re­sponds to a peak sur­face elec­tric field Es of 260 MV/m. In a first high-pow­er test per­for...

  7. Questions & Answers on Diamonds%"金刚石知识"问答专栏

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@欢迎广大读者踊跃来信,提出问题,参与讨论。 问者:《金刚石与磨料磨具工程》读者 答者:《金刚石与磨料磨具工程》顾问编辑、De Beers公司菲利浦·贝斯先生和格瑞斯张博士。 Q:- What are the main differences between SDA Plus SDB and DSN? (materials used, technical and applications) 1.贵公司的SDA+系列、SDB1000系列、DSN系列比较而言,在制造技术方法和所用原材料(石墨触媒)方面有何差别? A:- The three saw grit series are produced using three different synthesis technologies which result in different particle structures. When the individual particles are classified into separate products, the underlying structure of the particles confer different properties on the products. In order for the potential user of Debid's (De Beers Industrial Diamond Division) products to understand these differences and their influences on the behaviour of the product in use, Debid intro duced the Saw Grit Indicator System, this ranks the products within a series and between series on three important attributes. They are the particle strength at three different temperatures, namely room temperature, after heat treatment at 900 Celsius and after heat treatment at 1100 Celsius. The second parameter ranked is the product's crystallinity, this refers to the proportion of crystalline particles present in a product. A particle is crystalline if it has a regular geometric shape, smooth crystal surfaces and regular edge definition. The final ranking criterion is the Wear Mechanism Indicator, this describes the way the diamond particles bahave in a tool under a range of operating conditions. For more information on the Debid saw grit indicator system read the technical paper entitled"An Indicator System for Saw Grit" by PR Davis et al.

  8. MIKROFLORA PADA TEMPOYAK The Microflora of Tempoyak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasanuddin Hasanuddin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Tempoyak is a traditional Bengkulu fermented food prepared from spontaneous fermentation of durian (Durio zibethi- nus by wild microorganisms. Tempoyak is found not only in Bengkulu but also as long as Sumatera island with differ- ent names, and also in Malaysia. Tempoyak is a Melayu term meaning fermented durian. The research was conducted to identify microflora in tempoyak, and to select the species of microorganisms which were able to ferment durian ef- fectivelly. The data in this study were laboratory analysis. Samples were collected weekly in a month from productions centre of tempoyak and traditional markets, and analyzed microbiologically to determine and identify the bacteria, yeasts and molds in tempoyak. There were four specieses of lactic acid bacteria found in fermented durian namely Pediococcus acidilactici, Lactobacillus plantarum Lactobacillus curvatus and Leuconostoc mesentroides. While two specieses which were not lactic acid bacteria namely Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Micrococcus varians. One species of yeast was Kluyveromyces marxianus. The molds were identified as Rhizopus oryzae, Monilia sitophila, Mucor roxii, Aspergillus repens and Penicillium sp. Among these specieses three specieses were produced lactic acid namelly Rhizopus oryzae, Monilia sitophila,and Mucor roxii. While Aspergillus ripens and Penicillium sp did not pro- duce lactic acid so these specieses might not function in fermentation process. ABSTRAK Tempoyak adalah makanan khas Bengkulu, yang dibuat dari fermentasi spontan daging buah durian (Durio zibet- hinus oleh mikroorganisme liar. Tempoyak juga bisa dijumpai di berbagai daerah Indonesia di sepanjang pulau Sumatera dengan nama yang berbeda, bahkan sampai ke Malaysia. Istilah tempoyak berasal dari terminolgi Melayu yang artinya adalah durian fermentasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi mikroorganisme yang terdapat pada tempoyak. Data dari penelitian ini adalah data primer dari analisa

  9. Helicobacter pylori virulence genes and microevolution in host and the clinical outcome: review article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyedeh Zahra Bakhti

    2014-12-01

    , microevolu-tion of H. pylori during primary infection and progression of atrophic gastritis to ade-nocarcinoma, and H. pylori infection status in Iran. Finally, we put forward the hy-pothesis that if the pattern of nucleotide sequence evolution shifts from recombination (r to mutation (m and the r/m ratio is reduced, bacterial pathogenicity may be re-duced while maintaining the bacterial life. However, this hypothesis should be further studied with future experiments.

  10. Treatment planning for MLC based robotic radiosurgery for brain metastases: plan comparison with circular fields and suggestions for planning strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmitt Daniela

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate the possible range of application of the new InCise2 MLC for the CyberKnife M6 system in brain radiosurgery, a plan comparison was made for 10 brain metastases sized between 1.5 and 9cm3 in 10 patients treated in a single fraction each. The target volumes consist of a PTV derived by expanding the GTV by 1mm and were chosen to have diversity in the cohort regarding regularity of shape, location and the structures needed to be blocked for beam transmission in the vicinity. For each case, two treatment plans were optimized: one using the MLC and one using the IRIS-collimator providing variable circular fields. Plan re-quirements were: dose prescription to the 70% isodose line (18 or 20Gy, 100% GTV coverage, ≥98% PTV coverage, undisturbed central high dose region (95% of maximum dose and a conformity index as low as possible. Plan com-parison parameters were: conformity index (CI, high-dose gradient index (GIH, low-dose gradient index (GIL, total number of monitor units (MU and expected treatment time (TT. For all cases, clinically acceptable plans could be gen-erated with the following results (mean±SD for CI, GIH, GIL, MU and TT, respectively for the MLC plans: 1.09±0.03, 2.77±0.26, 2.61±0.08, 4514±830MU and 27±5min and for the IRIS plans: 1.05±0.01, 3.00±0.35, 2.46±0.08, 8557±1335MU and 42±7min. In summary, the MLC plans were on average less conformal and had a shallower dose gradient in the low dose region, but a steeper dose gradient in the high dose region. This is accompanied by a smaller vol-ume receiving 10Gy. A plan by plan comparison shows that usage of the MLC can spare about one half of the MUs and one third of treatment time. From these experiences and results suggestions for MLC planning strategy can be de-duced.

  11. Human Factors and Data Logging Processes With the Use of Advanced Technology for Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: Systematic Integrative Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waite, Marion; Martin, Clare; Franklin, Rachel; Duce, David; Harrison, Rachel

    2018-03-15

    individual toward technology use. There were wide variations in the normal use of and interaction with technology across a continuum of sociocultural contexts, which has implications for the way in which future technologies should be designed. Quantitative studies were limited by small sample sizes, making it difficult to generalize findings to other contexts. This was further limited by a sample that was predominantly white, well-controlled, and engaged with self-care. The use of critical appraisal frameworks demonstrated where research into human factors and data logging processes of individuals could be improved. This included engaging people in the design of the technology, especially hard-to-reach or marginalized groups. ©Marion Waite, Clare Martin, Rachel Franklin, David Duce, Rachel Harrison. Originally published in JMIR Human Factors (http://humanfactors.jmir.org), 15.03.2018.

  12. Valoración física comparativa del muestreador Uhland y el Proctor en un suelo franco arenoso de sabana del estado Monagas, Venezuela Comparative physical evaluation of Uhland and Proctor samplers on a sandy savanna soil in the state of Monagas in Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Américo J. Hossne García

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Es común la obtención de muestras de suelos agrícolas mediante el equipo Uhland. El ín­dice crítico de compactación del suelo se establece con la prueba Proctor. El objetivo fue la comparación física del muestreador Uhland, con caída libre y forzada del martillo, con el aparato Proctor para valorar la alteración mecánica de la muestra. Se utilizaron los Proctor estándar y modificado, el Uhland a caída libre y forzada del martillo, un diseño estadístico completamente aleatorizado con diez repeticiones y cuatro tratamientos, Análisis de Va­rianza, Mínima Diferencia Significativa y regresión polinómica. Se concluyó que el Uhland produjo resultados similares al Proctor. La energía penetrante del Uhland resultó superior a la compactante del Proctor. La humedad del suelo influyó sobre la densidad aparente seca. La relación de solidez y la porosidad aerífera identificaron mejor el proceso.It is common to obtain agricultural soil samples using the Uhland sampler. The critical index of soil compaction is obtained with the Proctor test. The objective of this work was to perform a physical comparison between the Uhland sampler, with free and forced fall of the hammer, and the Proctor apparatus to assess mechanical alterations of the sample. Standard and modified Proctor instruments were used, as well as the Uhland with free and forced hammer fall. A completely randomized statistical design with ten replicates and four treatments was performed along with the analysis of variance, Minimum Significant Differ­ence and polynomial regression. It was concluded that Uhland and Proctor instruments pro­duced similar results. The penetrating energy of the Uhland was higher than the compacting energy of the Proctor. Humidity in the soil had an influence of the apparent dry density. The solidity ratio of the soil and the air porosity were the parameters that best identified the compaction process for the Proctor and Uhland instruments.

  13. Reseñas de Libros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Alcalde Güelfo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Achcar, Gilbert, El choque de barbaries, terrorismo y desorden mundial. Barcelona, Icaria-Antrazyt, 2007, 197 pp.Páginas 213-214Daniel Alcalde GüelfoDel Arco Blanco, Miguel Ángel, Hambre de Siglos. Mundo rural y apoyos sociales del franquismo en Andalucía Oriental (1936-1951. Granada, Comares Historia, 2007, 513 pp.Páginas 214-217Mª Candelaria Fuentes NavarroBen-Ghiat, Ruth; Fuller, Mia (eds., Italian Colonialism. New York, Palgrave MacMillan, 2005, 266 pp.Páginas 217-219Karl J. TrybusBlack, Edwin, IBM y el Holocausto: La alianza estratégica entre la Alemania nazi y la más poderosa corporación norteamericana. Buenos Aires, Atlántida, 2001, 508 pp.Páginas 219-220Flavia PascarielloCasassas, Jordi (coord., La construcción del presente. El mundo desde 1848 hasta nuestros días. Barcelona, Ariel, 2005, 696 pp.Páginas 220-223Alfonso Pinilla GarcíaFerguson, Niall, La guerra del mundo. Los conflictos del siglo XX y el declive de Occidente (1904-1953. Barcelona, Debate, 2007, 888 pp.Páginas 223-225David Molina RabadánGentile, Emilio, Fascismo di pietra. Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2007, 284 pp.Páginas 225-227Jan NelisKelly, Eamonn, La década decisiva. Tres escenarios para el futuro del mundo. Barcelona, Granica, 2007, 318 pp.Páginas 227-228David Molina RabadánLuzzatto, Sergio, The Body of Il Duce: Mussolini’s Corpse and the Fortunes of Italy. New York, Metropolitan Books, 2005, 258pp.Páginas 228-230Karl J. TrybusSánchez Blanco, Ángel, Organización Intermunicipal. Madrid, Iustel, Biblioteca de Derecho Municipal, 2006, 258 pp.Páginas 230-232José Joaquín Fernández AllesSantacreu Soler, José Miguel; Aura Murcia, Federico y Millán Llin, Vicente, El municipi del liberalisme: Sant Vicent del Raspeig 1806-1848. Simat de la Valldigna, Edicions La Xarxa, 2004, 156 pp.Páginas 232-235Antonio J. Piqueres Díez

  14. PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR POLA DASAR BUSANA WANITA PADA PROGRAM STUDI D3 TATA BUSANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idah Hadijah

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Teaching Materials Development of the Basic Pattern of Women's Clothing on Clothing Design Program. The purpose of this development is to pro­­duce teaching materials of archetypal body of woman fashion, whichis equipped with a Power Po­int in order to assist faculty and students on conducting learning ac­ti­vi­ty. The research development me­thod used was adapted from the instructional de­sign model of Dick and Carey. The results of the study in the form of assess­ment/feedback showed that the mean score reached 86.00%, which meant that the teaching materials categorized as well qualify­ed/ decent, the media has a very good Power Point as it re­ached 91.00%, the lecturers gui­de reached 92.00% and catehorized as ex­cell­ent/ve­ry decent, and the students guide achieved 83.00% and categorized as good/de­cent. Thus, the teaching material is feasible to be used as the instructional materials for learning on Clothing Design Program.   Tujuan pengembangan ini un­­­tuk menghasilkan produk bahan ajar po­­la dasar ba­dan busana wanita dilengkapi de­ngan Power Point, sehingga dapat membantu dosen dan mahasiswa dalam me­lak­sa­na­kan pembelajaran. Metode penelitian pengembangan yang digunakan diadaptasi dari ran­­­cangan pembelajaran model Dick dan Carey. Hasil pe­nelitian berupa penilaian/tanggapan menunjukan rerata skor bah­­wa bahan ajar mencapai 86,00% termasuk ke da­lam kualifikasi baik/layak, media Po­­wer Point termasuk sangat baik karena men­capai 91,00%, pan­­duan dosen mencapai 92,00% termasuk ke dalam kualifikasi sangat ba­ik/sa­­­­ngat layak, dan panduan ma­ha­siswa mencapai 83,00% termasuk kua­lifikasi ba­ik/la­yak, dengan demikian bahan ajar ter­­sebut layak digunakan untuk pem­­b­e­lajaran pada Program Studi D3Tata Busana.

  15. ALERGENUL ARA H3, GLOBULINA DE REZERVĂ 11S DIN SEMINŢELE DE ARAHIDE 1. PROTEOLIZA LIMITATĂ CU PAPAINĂ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ala CHERDIVARĂ

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Proteoliza globulinei de rezervă 11S din seminţele de arahide, Ara h3, cu papaină începe cu cuscindarea secvenței C-terminale extinse a α-catenelor, care cuprinde regiunea α-helixurilor. Clivarea ulterioară a buclei dintre β-strendurile E' şi F' din partea centrală a β-barrelui din α-catene duce la formarea fragmentelor, legate cu β-catenele intacte prin legătură disulfidică, precum şi reţinute în molecula globulinei 11S parţial hidrolizată prin interacţiuni necovalente. Conform scenariului proteolizei descrise, acţiunea iniţială a papainei distruge regiunea C-terminală a α-catenelor, în care sunt prezenţi trei din cei patru determinanţi antigenici (epitopii IgE, identificaţi în globulina 11S din arahide. Astfel, gradul de alergenicitate a Ara h3 poate fi substanțial redus prin proteoliza sa limitată cu papaină.ALLERGEN ARA H3, STORAGE 11S GLOBULIN FROM PEANUT SEEDS 1. PAPAIN LIMITED PROTEOLYSISPapain proteolysis of the storage 11S globulin Ara h3 from peanut seeds starts from the detachment of an extended a-chain C-terminal sequence covering the region of a-helices. Further cleavage of a loop between b-strands E’ and F’ inside the central part of a-chain b-barrel occurs generating fragments connected with intact b-chains via a disulfide bond and those retained inside the molecule of partially hydrolyzed 11S globulin due to non-covalent interactions. In accordance with the described proteolysis scenario, the C-terminal a-chain region containing three of the four antigen determinants (IgE epitopes identified in the peanut 11S globulin is destroyed during the initial papain action. Therefore, the level of Ara h3 allergenicity can be decreased via papain limited proteolysis.

  16. Embedded Collimator Beam Position Monitors

    CERN Document Server

    Bertarelli, A; Dallocchio, A; Gasior, M; Gentini, L; Nosych, A

    2011-01-01

    The LHC col­li­ma­tion sys­tem is cru­cial for safe and re­li­able op­er­a­tion of pro­ton beams with 350 MJ stored en­er­gy. Cur­rent­ly the col­li­ma­tor set-up is per­formed by ob­serv­ing beam loss­es when ap­proach­ing the colli­ma­tor jaws to the beam. For all 100 LHC mov­able col­li­ma­tors the pro­ce­dure may take sev­er­al hours and since it has to be re­peat­ed whenev­er the beam con­fig­u­ra­tion changes sig­nif­i­cant­ly, the col­li­ma­tor setup has an im­por­tant im­pact on the over­all ma­chine op­er­a­tion efficien­cy. To re­duce the col­li­ma­tor setup time by two or­ders of magni­tude the next gen­er­a­tion of the LHC col­li­ma­tors will be equipped with but­ton beam po­si­tion mon­i­tors (BPMs) em­bed­ded into the collimator jaws. This paper de­scribes the BPM de­sign and pre­sents proto­type re­sults ob­tained with beam in the CERN-SPS.

  17. GHG emissions inventory for on-road transportation in the town of Sassari (Sardinia, Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanna, Laura; Ferrara, Roberto; Zara, Pierpaolo; Duce, Pierpaolo

    2016-04-01

    The IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) accounts an increase of the total annual anthropogenic GHG emissions between 2000 and 2010 that directly came from the transport sector. In 2010, 14% of GHG emissions were released by transport and fossil-fuel-related CO2 emissions reached about 32 GtCO2 per year. The report also considers adaptation and mitigation as complementary strategies for reducing the risks of climate change for sustainable development of urban areas. This paper describes the on-road traffic emission estimated in the framework of a Sardinian regional project [1] for the town of Sassari (Sardinia, Italy), one of the Sardinian areas where the fuel consumption for on-road transportation purposes is higher [2]. The GHG emissions have been accounted (a) by a calculation-based methodology founded on a linear relationship between source activity and emission, and (b) by the COPERT IV methodology through the EMITRA (EMIssions from road TRAnsport) software tool [3]. Inventory data for annual fossil fuel consumption associated with on-road transportation (diesel, gasoline, gas) have been collected through the Dogane service, the ATP and ARST public transport services and vehicle fleet data are available from the Public Vehicle Database (PRA), using 2010 as baseline year. During this period, the estimated CO2 emissions accounts for more than 180,000 tCO2. The calculation of emissions due to on-road transport quantitatively estimates CO2 and other GHG emissions and represents a useful baseline to identify possible adaptation and mitigation strategies to face the climate change risks at municipal level. Acknowledgements This research was funded by the Sardinian Regional Project "Development, functional checking and setup of an integrated system for the quantification of CO2 net exchange and for the evaluation of mitigation strategies at urban and territorial scale", (Legge Regionale 7 agosto 2007, No. 7). References [1] Sanna L., Ferrara R., Zara P. & Duce P. (2014

  18. Analysis of Mixed Aryl/Alkyl Esters by Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry in the Presence of Perchlorate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, A. S.; Locke, D. R.; Lewis, E. K.

    2017-01-01

    pyrolysis of alkanes and alcohols in the presence of perchlorates produced polychlorine containing chloro-alkanes similar to what was observed on Mars. Surpris-ingly, however, similar treatment of acetic acid pro-duced chloroketones, instead, and no chloroalkanes were reported. This suggests that the chloroalkanes detected in the Sheepbed mudstone were not derived from aliphatic carboxylic acids, but instead were from more reduced alcohols or even alkanes, or perhaps were degradation products of more complicated organic material. Because organics analyses on mars will rely heavily on py-GC-MS of perchlorate-containing samples over the next decade, it is important to understand the fate of organic molecules of biotic and abiotic origin under such conditions. In this work we begin a series of experiments to improve our understanding of products generated during py-GC-MS of increasingly complex organic molecules (esters, amides, peptides, nucleic acids, fatty acids) in the presence of perchlorate.

  19. Incoherencias sistemáticas en el examen del acusado en el proceso penal peruano y la necesidad de su compatibilidad con el sistema acusatorio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Guerrero López

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available En un escenario como el peruano en el que, aún se encuentra sumamente arraigada la ideología inquisitiva en el inconsciente colectivo, consideramos que resulta un eje esencial para el análisis, a propósito de la necesidad de consolidar el principio acusatorio como una institución propia del Estado constitucional de Derecho, la forma en que debe concebirse y producirse la declaración del acusado en el nuevo proceso penal, sobre todo, teniendo en cuenta que, la referida ideología inquisitiva, es una herencia cultural de siglos de malas prácticas, que no será posible cambiar de la noche a la mañana, mucho menos, con la simple promulgación y vigencia del nuevo Código. ¿Cómo hacer entonces para que los abogados, jueces y fiscales, ingresen al “duelo de prácticas”, premunidos de ideas claras que eviten el fracaso de la reforma?; ¿Son adecuadas y compatibles con el Principio acusatorio, las normas contempladas en el nuevo Código Procesal Penal sobre el examen del acusado?; ¿Cuáles deben ser los nuevos parámetros en la lógica del examen del acusado para que los fiscales y abogados realicen objeciones y los jueces resuelvan con predictibilidad al respecto?; ¿Qué problemas y tendencias se están presentando en los distritos judiciales en los que ya está vigente el nuevo Código Procesal Penal?; ¿Será necesario y conveniente proponer algún cambio legislativo?. Como se puede advertir, la problemática planteada tiene que ver con el análisis de la instalación de la oralidad especialmente en el juzgamiento, por lo que el presente trabajo, de acuerdo a las sugerencias del Profesor Mauricio Duce, es básicamente de diagnóstico y descripción del problema con la identificación especifica de aspectos positivos y negativos, de nuestra realidad objetiva; sin embargo, a manera de recomendaciones con cargo a efectuar un trabajo más profundo, intentaremos esbozar algunas propuestas de solución que facilite el cambio cultural

  20. 国内外玻璃纤维用高岭土的质量差距及提高我国高岭土质量的对策%Differences of Kaolin Quality for Glass Fibers Made in China and Abroad and Improving Measures of Kaolin Quality Made in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩利雄; 姚远; 刘国斌

    2011-01-01

    Kaolins are one of important materials for E-glass fibers, which accounts for about 1/3 of blend mass. But the high-end market of kaolin for glass fibers was dominated by imports in China. Three kinds of kaolin samplespro-duced by ITC.Yichang and Yunnan for glass fibers were studied in this paper. The differences in chemical composition, phase,microstructure and granulometric composition were compared in detail by XRS,XRD,SEM and LPS. The research found that products of ITC had obvious advantages in product purity, particle size control and quality stability. In fact,the quality of domestic Kaolins is not bad,but because it is lack of specific quality standard and limited by the processing level of domestic non-metallic mineral, high-quality products cannot be obtained. In the future, kaolin industry should become bigger and stronger by integration as soon as possible, and try hard to improve the processing level of kaolin such as ore dressing,homogenization,etc,to fill the gap in the high-grade kaolin products for glass fibers.%高岭土是E-玻璃纤维的重要原料之一,其用量可占配合料的三分之一,但国内玻纤用高岭土高端市场一直被进口产品所占据.选取了美国ITC进口高岭土、宜昌硬质高岭土和云南水洗高岭土这三种有代表性的玻纤用高岭土,通过荧光光谱分析、X射线衍射分析、扫描电镜分析和激光粒度分析详细对比了它们在化学成分、物相组成、微观形貌和粒度分布四方面的差异.研究发现,美国玻纤用高岭土在产品纯度、粒度控制和质量稳定性方面有明显优势;国内玻纤用高岭土矿源品质并不差,只是由于缺乏专门的质量标准,同时受限于国内非金属矿产加工水平,而无法生产出高质量的产品.未来我国高岭土行业应尽快通过整合做大做强,努力提高高岭土选矿、均化等加工工艺水平,填补国内高档玻纤用高岭土产品空白.

  1. Reseñas de Libros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Iturriaga Barco

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Anguita, Julio, Corazón rojo. La vida después de un infarto. Madrid, La esfera de los libros, 2005, 251 pp.Páginas 169-171Diego Iturriaga BarcoAttinà, Fulvio; Rossi, Rosa (ed., European Neighbourhood Policy: Political, Economic and Social Issues. Catania, The Jean Monnet Centre "Euro-Med", 166 pp.Páginas 171-172Alejandro Román AntequeraCastells, Manuel; Serra, Narcís (eds., Guerra y Paz en el Siglo XXI. Una Perspectiva Europea. Barcelona, Tusquets Editores, 2003, 208 pp.Páginas 172-175Jesús Fernández GarcíaChomsky, Noam, Hegemonía o Supervivencia. La estrategia imperialista de Estados Unidos. Barcelona, Ediciones B, 2004, 401 pp.Páginas 175-177Jesús Fernández GarcíaClarke, Richard C., Contra todos los enemigos. Madrid, Taurus, 2004, 381 pp.Páginas 177-179Inmaculada Ramírez PérezDunn, Ross E., The New World History: A Teacher's Companion. New York, Bedford/St. Martins, 2000, 596 pp.Páginas 179-183Andre Gunder FrankFausto, Boris; Devoto, Fernando J., Brasil e Argentina: Um ensaio de história comparada (1850-2002. São Paulo, Editora 34, 2004, 574 pp.Páginas 183-184Paulo Roberto de AlmeidaFûret, François, El pasado de una ilusión. Ensayo sobre la idea comunista en el siglo XX. Madrid, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1995, 583 pp.Páginas 184-185Alfonso Galindo LucasGill, Stephen; Mittelman, James, Innovation and transformation in International Studies. Cambridge & New York, Cambridge University Press, 1997, 294 pp.Páginas 185-189Andre Gunder FrankMussolini, Romano, Il duce mio padre. Milano, Rizzoli, 2004, 170 pp.Páginas 189-195Jan NelisNavajas Zubeldia, Carlos (ed., Actas del IV Simposio de Historia Actual. 2 Vols., Logroño, 2004, 1.090 pp.Páginas 195-197Alejandro Román AntequeraRichardson, Philip, Economic Change in China, c.1800-1950. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1999, 137 pp.Páginas 197-198Andre Gunder FrankSartori, Giovanni; Mazzoleni, Gianni, La tierra explota. Superpoblación y desarrollo. Madrid, Taurus

  2. Review and Reflection on the Religious Studies of the Qiang during the Past One Hundred Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Linrong

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews more than 150 articles and books which research Qiang religion , and divides research of Qiang religioninto three pe-riods. Ⅰ.1910-1949:research on polytheistic be-liefs The period from 1910 to 1949 was a time dur-ing which Western anthropologists were searching for the Qiang ’ s religious culture .Characterisitc of this period was a bias towards descriptive eth-nography ;doing fieldwork related to religious cul-ture; and describing , recording or even recon-structing Qiang religious culture . Ⅱ.1950-1980: a time when fieldwork re-lated to religious customs stagnated From 1950 to 1980, almost all the research on the Qiang ’ s religious beliefs was based on the theoretical principle that “Religion is the opiate of the people”.We can see that all the works pro-duced during this period illustrated this principle . Ⅲ.1981 -2010: a period for investigation and sorting out the white stone belief system and scriptures 1.Research on the belief system of the white stone The representative work of this period was the Mysterious Worship of the White Stone by Wang Kang et al. in 1992. The authors transformed Qiang myths related to Heaven , Earth , nature , and hero into the origin of the religious belief sys-tem, and confirmed their social function .This pro-vided a new way of thinking in the studies on Qiang religion.In addition, there were archaeolog-ical interpretations regarding the study of the origin of the “white stone worship”. 2) Studies on religious rituals The Qiang between the Han and Tibetan by Wang Mingke discusses the relationship between the religious rituals and power , and the relation-ship between powers .It could be said that Wang Mingke ’ s research has expanded and deepened the vision of studies on the workshop of the moun-tain god. 3 ) Studies on community religion In the Study on Qiang History and Culture ed-ited by Lu Ding and Gong Tengyuan , there is a chapter that specially focuses on a discussion of Qiang

  3. 英国国民卫生服务制度(NHS)的结构性改革与治理模式%Study on structural reform and governance models of National Health Service in UK

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小万; 陈丽萍; 刘丽杭

    2017-01-01

    基于英国NHS在管理体制与机制上所实施的结构性改革措施,从完善法律、建立问责机制、完善财务管理和经营模式4个维度,系统阐述了NHS的结构性改革与治理模式的特点;作为一种"公共利益公司",NHS所属公立医院基于公私伙伴关系的原则,在坚持公益性的前提下,引入企业经营行为组建了信托基金医疗联合体,并根据NHS的核心原则,免费医疗、需求导向、可负担性等,基于购买合同向辖区患者或居民提供医疗保健服务.随着相关改革措施的逐步实施,NHS信托基金医疗联合体的法人地位和自主决策权得到明显提升,能真正做到对自身的发展负责;同时,随着对提供者行为的规范,以及医疗服务市场竞争与规制机制的完善,也极大的促进了医疗机构之间的有序竞争和医疗服务供给的多元化发展.%Based on the structural reform approaches of management system and mechanism implemented by the British NHS, this paper systematically introduced governance models and characteristics of NHS Foundation Trusts(FTs)from the four dimensions:perfecting the laws,establishing accountability framework,improving finan-cial management,and operational governance business model.As a public benefit corporation, on the basis of the principle of public-private partnerships(Public-Private-Partnership, PPP), NHS foundation trusts currently intro-duces a number of entrepreneurial practices under the premise of public welfare attribute, and provide goods and services according to entrustment contract and core NHS principles-free medical care,demand-oriented,affordability and so on.With these reform measures being implemented,the legal status and independent decision-making power of NHS Trust Fund Medical Consortium will be remarkably improved,so as the Foundation Trusts will be much more"on their own"and take complete responsibility for ensuring that they are successful.At the same time, with the norms of

  4. Radiogenic isotope evidence for transatlantic atmospheric dust transport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Ashwini; Abouchami, Wafa; Garrison, Virginia H.; Galer, Stephen J. G.; Andreae, Meinrat O.

    2013-04-01

    source origin. These results identify an African source signal, in aerosols from the Virgin Islands and Tobago collected during African dusts incursion, and thus provides evidence for transatlantic dust transport during the spring/summer season. This, in turn, is entirely consistent with 7-day back-trajectory analysis at these locations as well as recent seasonal AOD maps [8]. [1] Prospero et al. (1970) Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 9, 287-293. [2] Swap et al. (1992) Tellus 44, 133-149. [3] Koren et al. (2006) Environ. Res. Lett. 1, 014005. [4] Ben-Ami et al. (2010) Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 7533-7544. [5] Duce & Tindale (1991) Lim Ocean., 36, 1715-1726. [6] Bollhöfer & Rosman (2000) Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 64, 3251-3262. [7] Abouchami et al. (in prep.) [8] Ridley et al. (2012) J. Geophys. Res. 117, D02202.

  5. 用Delta法估计多维测验合成信度的置信区间%Estimating the Confidence Interval of Composite Reliability of a Multidimensional Test With the Delta Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶宝娟; 温忠麟

    2012-01-01

    Reliability is very important in evaluating the quality of a test. Based on the confirmatory factor analysis, composite reliabili- ty is a good index to estimate the test reliability for general applications. As is well known, point estimate contains limited information a- bout a population parameter and cannot indicate how far it can be from the population parameter. The confidence interval of the parame- ter can provide more information. In evaluating the quality of a test, the confidence interval of composite reliability has received atten- tion in recent years. There are three approaches to estimating the confidence interval of composite reliability of an unidimensional test: the Bootstrap method, the Delta method, and the direct use of the standard error of a software output (e. g. , LISREL). The Bootstrap method pro- vides empirical results of the standard error, and is the most credible method. But it needs data simulation techniques, and its computa- tion process is rather complex. The Delta method computes the standard error of composite reliability by approximate calculation. It is simpler than the Bootstrap method. The LISREL software can directly prompt the standard error, and it is the easiest among the three methods. By simulation study, it had been found that the interval estimates obtained by the Delta method and the Bootstrap method were almost identical, whereas the results obtained by LISREL and by the Bootstrap method were substantially different ( Ye & Wen, 2011 ). The Delta method is recommended when the confidence interval of composite reliability of a unidimensional test is estimated, because the Delta method is simpler than the Bootstrap method. There was little research about how to compute the confidence interval of composite reliability of a multidimensional test. We de- duced a formula by using the Delta method for computing the standard error of composite reliability of a multidimensional test. Based on the standard error, the

  6. APPROCHES COMPARATIVES SUR LA CONTRIBUTION DES INVESTISSEMENTS DIRECTS L'ECONOMIE: ROUMANIE – MOLDAVIE ET AUTRES PAYS EMERGENTS DE L'EUROPE CENTRALE ET ORIENTALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia BĂNCILĂ

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available COMPARATIVES APPROACHES ON THE CONTRIBUTION OF DIRECT INVESTMENTS IN ECONOMY: ROMANIA - MOLDOVA AND OTHER EMERGING COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEThe transition towards a market economy in any country of the world requires a restructuring of economic life. The main task of it is the development of the private sector of national economy which would lead to sustainable economic growth. A long-lasting economic revival is possible only in conditions of increase in investment, of maximal use of production capacities. Any economic growth requires funding, too. Investment financing constitutes a significant step in the investment process whereby financial resources are incorporated in the budget of the investment and may be used for payment in order to achieve a project.  Thus, concluding from the introductory ideas of the article, the author proposes to develop a comparative approach of the impact of direct investments in economy of Romania, Republic of Moldova and other emergent countries from Europe. What is certain is that the international measurement and comparison scale of the impact of the foreign direct investment (FDI on economic development is a complicated exercise, taking into consideration the very limited statistical data volume. However, the author manages to draw some conclusions concerning the process of achievement foreign direct investments.ABORDĂRI COMPARATIVE PRIVIND CONTRIBUŢIA INVESTIŢIILOR DIRECTE ÎN ECONOMIE: ROMÂNIA – REPUBLICA MOLDOVA ŞI ALTE ŢĂRI EMERGENTE DIN EUROPA CENTRALĂ ŞI ORIENTALĂÎn orice ţară a lumii, tranziţia spre economia de piaţă impune o restructurare a vieţii economice. Sarcina principală a restructurării este dezvoltarea sectorului privat al economiei naţionale, ceea ce ar duce la o creştere economică durabilă. O relansare economică durabilă este posibilă doar în condiţiile sporirii investiţiilor, utilizării la maximum a capacităţilor de producţie. Orice cre

  7. MODELUL DE BUSINESS BANCAR: TENDINŢE ACTUALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihail GÎRLEA

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Modelarea unui plan de business bancar trebuie făcută în strânsă corelaţie cu scopul urmărit de management. Dacă managerul îşi propune dublarea profiturilor, în consecinţă îşi va asuma un risc mai mare, iar dacă acesta îşi propune o strategie de dezvoltare pornind de la minimizarea riscurilor, profiturile vor fi mai mici, dar sigure.Orice entitate supravieţuieşte în interdependenţă cu mediul intern şi extern din care face parte; ca urmare, o companie există în relaţie cu cei din jur. Din acest punct de vedere, se remarcă două tendinţe majore în dezvoltarea unui model de business la începutul secolului XXI: dezvoltarea unei afaceri durabile şi guvernanţa corporativă.Pentru obţinerea unei eficienţe sporite, mai ales în pieţele integrate cu cea specifică Uniunii Europene, băncile sunt obligate să fie foarte atente la cele mai bune practici. Totodată, creşterea concurenţei în aceste pieţe duce la o creştere şi a riscurilor asumate, de aici şi practica autorităţilor de reglementare de a oferi un rol mai proeminent în reglementarea prudenţială adecvării capitalului.BANKING BUSINESS MODEL - CURRENT TENDENCIESThe modelling of a banking business plan needs to be carried out in tight correlation to the intended management scope, if the manager intends to double profit, he will thus take on a greater risk and if he intends to apply a development strategy starting from the minimization of risks, profits will be smaller but certain.Any entity survives in interdependence with the internal and external environment from which it is part of and therefore a company exists in relation to those surrounding it. From this point of view, two main tendencies may be observed in the development of a business model at the beginning of the XIIth century: the development of a durable business and corporate governance.In order to obtain enhanced efficiency, especially in the integrated markets, like the one which is

  8. Tropospheric Halogen Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Glasow, R.; Crutzen, P. J.

    2003-12-01

    processes. Early work by Cauer (1951) had shown that Cl/Na and Cl/Mg ratios were lower in air than in seawater, indicating loss of chlorine by "acid displacement" from sea salt by the strong acids, H2SO4 (Eriksson (1959a, b) and HNO3 (Robbins et al., 1959). Already the first measurements of bromine in aerosols by Duce et al. (1963) showed that bromine, like chlorine, was lost from the sea salt particles, whereas iodine was strongly enriched ( Duce et al., 1965). Research since the early 1980s has shown that photochemical processes are actively involved.Interest in the chemistry of atmospheric halogens took a steep upward surge after it was postulated that the release of industrially produced halocarbons, in particular the chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), CFCl3, and CF2Cl2, could cause severe depletions in stratospheric ozone (Molina and Rowland, 1974) by the reactions involving the CFC photolytic product radicals, Cl and ClO, as catalysts. The first stratospheric measurements of ClO did indeed show its presence in significant quantities in the stratosphere so that by the end of the 1970s USA, Canada, and the Scandinavian countries issued laws against the use of CFC gases as propellants in spray cans. In the mid-1980s the springtime stratospheric ozone hole over Antarctica was discovered by Farman et al. (1985), involving heterogeneous reactions on polar stratospheric clouds that lead to chlorine activation ( Solomon et al., 1986). Ten years later, in 1996, a complete phaseout ofthe production of the CFCs and a number of other chlorine- or bromine-containing chemicals came into effect for all nations in the developed world. In this contribution we will, however, concentrate on the impact of reactive chlorine, bromine, and iodine on tropospheric ozone chemistry.Halogens have the potential to be important in many facets of tropospheric chemistry. A multitude of gas phase reactions and gas-particle interactions occur that include coupling with the sulfur cycle and reactions with

  9. Metformin ameliorates PA-induced skeletal muscle insulin resistance by suppressing SREBP-1c%二甲双胍抑制 SREBP-1c 改善高脂诱导的骨骼肌胰岛素抵抗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴文君; 汤孙寅炎; 时俊锋; 尹雯雯; 曹殊; 朱大龙; 毕艳

    2016-01-01

    -induced skeletal muscle insulin resist-ance. Methods L6 cells were treated with metformin (1,10 mmol·L - 1 ) for 24h in 500 μmol·L - 1 PA-in-duced insulin-resistant state and then harvested for pro-tein and glucose uptake assay. Glucose uptake was performed by 2-NBDG method. The protein expression of SREBP-1c, FAS, p-IRS-1 ( Tyr608 / 612), IRS-1, p-AKT ( Ser473 ) and AKT was detected by western blot. The effects of metformin on SREBP-1c and IRS-1 gene transcription were assessed by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. CHIP assay was performed to examine the binding of SREBP-1c protein to the IRS-1 promoter region by metformin treatment. Results PA treatment decreased glucose uptake in L6 myotubes. The protein expression of SREBP-1c and its downstream molecule FAS was increased significantly after exposure to PA. By contrast, the proteins related to insulin signaling pathway including IRS-1, p-IRS-1( Tyr608 / 612) and p-AKT ( Ser473) / AKT were decreased significantly. Metformin increased glucose uptake in a dose-depend-ent manner compared to PA-cultured L6 cells. The SREBP-1c and FAS protein levels were decreased by metformin treatment. Correspondingly, p-IRS-1 (Tyr608 / 612), IRS-1, p-AKT(Ser473) / AKT protein levels were increased significantly. The results from dual-luciferase reporter assay indicated metformin sup-pressed SREBP-1c promoter activity and enhanced IRS-1 promoter. The results from CHIP assay showed that metformin decreased binding of SREBP-1c protein to the IRS-1 promoter region (about 30% ). Conclu-sion Metformin can improve PA-induced muscular in-sulin resistance by suppressing SREBP-1c.

  10. Phase 1 Final Technical Report - MgB2 Synthesis: Pushing to High Field Performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bhatia, Mohit; McIntyre, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Accelerator Technology Corp. (ATC) has successfully completed its Phase 1 effort to develop rf plasma torch synthesis of MgB2 superconducting powder. The overall objective is to de-velop a way to introduce homogeneous alloying of C and SiC impurities into phase-pure MgB2. Several groups have attained remarkable benefits from such alloying in raising the upper critical field Hc2 from ∼14 T to ∼30 T (bulk) and ∼50 T (thin films). But no one has succeeded in pro-ducing that benefit homogeneously, so that current transport in a practical powder-in-tube (PIT) conductor is largely the same as without the alloying. ATC has conceived the possibility of attaining such homogeneity by passing aerosol suspen-sions of reactant powders through an rf plasma torch, with each reactant transported on a stream-line that heats it to an optimum temperature for the synthesis reaction. This procedure would uniquely access non-equilibrium kinetics for the synthesis reaction, and would provide the possi-bility to separately control the temperature and stoichiometry of each reactant as it enters the mixing region where synthesis occurs. It also facilitates the introduction of seed particles (e.g. nanoscale SiC) to dramatically enhance the rate of the synthesis reaction compared to gas-phase synthesis in rf plasma reported by Canfield and others. During the Phase 1 effort ATC commissioned its 60 kW 5 MHz rf source for a manufactur-ing-scale rf plasma torch. This effort required repair of numerous elements, integration of cooling and input circuits, and tuning of the load characteristics. The effort was successful, and the source has now been tested to ∼full power. Also in the Phase 1 effort we encountered a subsidiary but very important problem: the world is running out of the only present supply of phase-pure amorphous boron. The starting boron powder must be in the amorphous phase in order for the synthesis reaction to produce phase-pure MgB2. Even small contamination with

  11. Downwind changes in grain size of aeolian dust; examples from marine and terrestrial archives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuut, Jan-Berend; Prins, Maarten

    2013-04-01

    references Betzer, P.R., Carder, K.L., Duce, R.A., Merrill, J.T., Tindale, N.W., Uematsu, M., Costello, D.K., Young, R.W., Feely, R.A., Breland, J.A., Bernstein, R.E., Greco, A.M., 1988. Long-range transport of giant mineral aerosol particles. Nature 336, 568. Claquin, T., Roelandt, C., Kohfeld, K.E., Harrison, S.P., Tegen, I., C., P.I., Balkanski, Y., Bergametti, G., Hansson, M., Mahowald, N.M., Rodhe, H., Schulz, M., 2003. Radiative forcing of climate by ice-age atmospheric dust. Climate Dynamics 20, 193-202. Holz, C., Stuut, J.-B.W., Henrich, R., 2004. Terrigenous sedimentation processes along the continental margin off NW-Africa: implications from grain-size analyses of surface sediments. Sedimentology 51, 1145-1154. Otto, S., de Reus, M., Trautmann, T., Thomas, A., Wendisch, M., Borrmann, S., 2007. Atmospheric radiative effects of an in situ measured Saharan dust plume and the role of large particles. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 4887-4903. Prins, M.A., Weltje, G.J., 1999. End-member modeling of siliciclastic grain-size distributions: the Late Quaternary record of eolian and fluvial sediment supply to the Arabian Sea and its paleoclimatic significance., in: Harbaugh, J., Watney, L., Rankey, G., Slingerland, R., Goldstein, R., Franseen, E. (Eds.), Numerical experiments in stratigraphy: Recent advances in stratigraphic and sedimentologic computer simulations. SEPM Special Publication 62. Society for Sedimentary Geology, pp. 91-111. Prins, M.A., Vriend, M., 2007, Glacial and interglacial eolian dust dispersal patterns across the Chinese Loess Plateau inferred from decomposed loess grain-size records. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G-cubed), 8, Q07Q05, doi:10.1029/2006GC001563. Prins, M.A., Vriend, M., Nugteren, G., Vandenberghe, J., Lu, H., Zheng, H., Jan Weltje, G., 2007. Late Quaternary aeolian dust input variability on the Chinese Loess Plateau: inferences from unmixing of loess grain-size records. Quaternary Science Reviews 26, 230-242. Prins, M.A., Zheng, H., Beets, K

  12. The Project Serapis: High Resolution Seismic Imagingof The Campi Flegrei Caldera Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zollo, A.; Virieux, J.; Capuano, P.; Chiarabba, C.; de Franco, R.; Makris, J.; Michelini, A.; Musacchio, G.; Serapis Group

    expected NE-SW and SE-NW structural trends and it has been designed to get 2D/3D images of the crustal structure at a regional scale. A denser 2D network of 35 OBSs has been deployed in the bay of Pozzuoli aimed at detecting and modeling reflected/converted waves from 1 the possible shallow to deep discontinuities beneath the Campi Flegrei caldera. The main target of this particular receiver lay-out is the detailed imaging of the magma chamber top, expected at 4-5 km depth, according to temperature measurements in wells and sparse seismic observations. About 5000 shots have been performed dur- ing the SERAPIS experiment, at an average spatial spacing of 125 m, for a total ship travel path of 620 km. All of the seismic lines have been re-sampled at least twice, using a staggered configuration, which results in a smaller source spacing (less than 65m). In the gulf of Pozzuoli the source array had a geometry of a 5x5 km grid, slightly shifted south with respect to the OBS array. Seismic signals produced by air- guns have been well detected up to 50-60 km distance and the whole Campi Flegrei, Ischia and Procida on-land networks have recorded high quality seismograms pro- duced by the gridded source array in the bay of Pozzuoli. Due to the extended and very dense source and receiver arrays used for SERAPIS, this campaign can provide an innovative contribution to the accurate reconstruction of the Campi Flegrei caldera structure and to the definition of its feeding system at depth. *SERAPIS group: Auger Emmanuel, Bernard Marie-Lise, Bobbio Antonella, Bonagura Mariateresa, Cantore Luciana, Convertito Vincenzo, D'Auria Luca, De Matteis Raffaella, Emolo Anto- nio, Festa Gaetano, Gasparini Paolo, Giberti Grazia, Herrero Andre, Improta Luigi, Lancieri Maria Flora, Nielsen Stefan, Nisii Vincenzo, Russo Guido, Satriano Clau- dio, Simini Mariella, Vassallo Maurizio, Bruno Pier Paolo, Buonocunto Ciro, Capello Marco, Del Pezzo Edoardo, Galluzzo Danilo, Gaudiosi Germana, Giuliana Alessio

  13. Preferential uptake of ribose by primitive cells might explain why RNA was favored over its analogs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohorille, Andrew; Wei, Chenyu

    perme-ation, even though it is non-negligibly populated in aqueous solution. The differences in free energy barrier between ribose and arabinose or xylose are due to stronger, highly cooperative, intramolecular interactions between consecutive exocyclic hydroxyl groups, which are stable in non-polar media, but rare in water. Most recently, we extended calculations of permeations to ribonucleosides and their anomers. We determined that, in contrast to sugars, permeation of membranes to these species is nearly identical. This is because sugars of nucleotides exist in the furanose rather than pyranose form. In this form intermolecular interactions between hydroxyl groups are not nearly as efficient for sterical reasons. Our results contribute to the discussion about autotrophic vs. heterotrophic origins of life. Chemical reactions inside protobiological vesicle required supply of organic material from the environment. What was the inventory of organics that must have been delivered to primitive cells is still being debated. According to the autotrophic hypothesis, ancestors of cells pro-duced complex organic molecules from simple substrates. In contrast, the heterotrophic model implies that protocells were able to utilize complex organics delivered from external sources. A possibility of sufficiently efficient uptake of molecules needed to build biopolymers provides an important argument supporting the heterotrophic hypothesis [3]. Viewed in the context of the "RNA world" hypothesis [4], which states that RNA molecules were the first biological poly-mers and acted as both catalysts of biochemical reactions and information storage systems, our results demonstrate that, in the absence of sophisticated mechanisms available to contemporary organisms for achieving selectivity during synthesis and transmembrane transport, preferential uptake of ribose by primitive cells might have provided a kinetic mechanism that favored its selective incorporation into nucleic acids and

  14. Application of serum procalcitonin in differential diagnosis between child acute bacterial meningitis and viral meningitis%血清PCT检测在小儿急性细菌性脑膜炎及病毒性脑炎鉴别诊断中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄小明; 张春荣

    2016-01-01

    Objective To observe and analyze the application ,sensitivity and specificity of serum procalcitonin (PCT ) in the dif‐ferential diagnosis of child acute bacterial meningitis and viral meningitis .Methods One hundred and sixty‐four children patients with bacterial meningitis ,98 children patients with viral meningitis and 60 healthy children were selected as the research subjects . The serum PCT ,white blood cell (WBC) count ,erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C‐reactive protein (CRP) levels were detected by using electrochemical luminescence immunity assay .The laboratory detection results ,PCT detection results distribu‐tion ,sensitivity and specificity in the two groups were analyzed .Results The PCT ,CRP and WBC detection results in children pa‐tients with bacterial meningitis were higher than those in children patients with viral meningitis .The positive rates of PCT and WBC in the bacterial meningitis group were higher than those in the viral meningitis group ,while the constituent ratio of PCT detection distribution had statistically significant difference between the two groups(χ2 = 16 .151 ,P< 0 .01) .The sensitivity of PCT detection in differentially diagnosing viral meningitis was 97 .6% (160/164) ,the specificity was 95 .0% (57/60) and the misdiagnosis rate was 3 .1% (7/224) .The sensitivity of PCT detection in differentially diagnosing bacterial meningitis was 98 .0% (96/98) ,the specificity was 96 .7% (58/60) and the misdiagnosis rate was 2 .5% (4/158) .Conclusion The serum PCT as a differential diagnosis index of child acute bacterial meningitis and viral meningitis has good accuracy ,its combination with CRP ,WBC ,ESR in combined differenti‐al diagnosis can rapidly give accurate pathogenic diagnosis in the early stage ,thus increases the pertinence of clinical treatment ,re‐duces the occurrence of antibiotics abuse and is ,worthy of clinical popularization and application .%目的:观察分析血清降钙素原(PCT )在

  15. Analyse dendroecologique et dendroclimatique des gisements de bois de lacs de la taiga de l'est de l'Amerique du Nord

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gennaretti, Fabio

    over the last millennium and to show the impacts of past fires on tree mortality, density and growth. Using our impressive paleoecological dataset (n = 1037 logs) in combination with our present-day forest inventory, we were able to reconstruct millennial forest dynamics with an unprecedented high spatial (few hundreds of square meters) and temporal (annual) resolution. Our findings help explain how the present-day landscape diversity in the taiga reflects the fire history of the last millennium, which varies from site to site. Fires have caused persistent and cumulative impacts resulting in a progressive opening of the forest coyer along with exclusion of balsam fir, a fire-sensitive tree species. The taiga landscape is a mosaic of forest stands characterized by different times since fire and different postfire forest structure trajectories. In the third chapter, we used our network of millennial tree-ring chronologies developed from the collected subfossil logs to pro duce a regional reconstruction of July-August temperatures over the last 1100 years. Our network filled a wide gap in the north-hemispheric network of paleoclimate proxies with annual resolution used for temperature reconstructions of the last millennium (see IPCC report). Moreover, our reconstruction provided direct field evidence that the climate of Northeastern North America is particularly sensitive to volcanic forcing. Indeed, successive large eruptions triggered the beginning of cold episodes in the study area that persisted for decades. In particular, two series of eruptions, centered around the Samalas event in 1257 and the Tambora event in 1815, coincided with two abrupt temperature regime shifts. In Northeastern North America, these shifts marked the onset of the Little Ice Age and the beginning of its coldest phase, respectively. Our reconstruction also showed a well-expressed Medieval Climate Anomaly, which included a few decades significantly warmer than the last 10 years. Keywords : fire

  16. Quantitative Analysis of Copper Impurity in Silver Jewellery by Laser-Ablation Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy%银饰品中铜杂质含量的激光剥离-激光诱导击穿光谱定量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈钰琦; 磨俊宇; 周奇; 楼洋; 李润华

    2015-01-01

    High spectral analysis sensitivity can be achieved with orthogonal dual-wavelength dual-pulse laser-ablation laser-in-duced breakdown spectroscopy under minimal sample ablation.Therefore,the contradiction between spatial resolution and ana-lytical sensitivity existed in single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy can be resolved fundamentally in this technique. In order to eliminate the influence of different experimental parameters to the signal intensities and final results of quantitative analysis,the correlation between copper atomic emission and silver atomic emission was studied experimentally in this technique for silver jewellery samples.It was demonstrated that the intensity of atomic emission of copper at 324.75 nm and that of silver at 328.07 nm was linearly correlated with high correlation coefficient.Therefore,it was possible to eliminate the influence of different experimental parameters,such as geometrical arrangement and pulse energy of the ablation laser to the signal of copper atomic emission by selecting 328.07 nm line of silver as internal standard.A quantitative analysis of copper impurity in silver jewellery can be realized by using orthogonal dual-wavelength dual-pulse laser-ablation laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.A calibration curve of copper was successfully built based on internal standard method while selecting 328.07 nm line of silver as in-ternal standard.The limit of detection of copper in silver matrix was determined to be 44 ppm in this technique when the crater’ s diameter was about 17 μm under current experimental condition.%正交双波长双脉冲的激光剥离—激光诱导击穿光谱技术能够在较少样品烧蚀的前提下获得高的光谱分析灵敏度,因此该技术可以从根本上解决在单脉冲激光诱导击穿光谱技术中空间分辨本领与光谱分析灵敏度之间的矛盾。为了消除在该光谱技术中的实验参数对光谱信号强度及其定量分析结果的影响,

  17. Zero in on Key Open Problems in Automated NMR Protein Structure Determination

    KAUST Repository

    Abbas, Ahmed

    2015-11-12

    Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is one of the main approaches for protein struc- ture determination. The biggest advantage of this approach is that it can determine the three-dimensional structure of the protein in the solution phase. Thus, the natural dynamics of the protein can be studied. However, NMR protein structure determina- tion is an expertise intensive and time-consuming process. If the structure determi- nation process can be accelerated or even automated by computational methods, that will significantly advance the structural biology field. Our goal in this dissertation is to propose highly efficient and error tolerant methods that can work well on real and noisy data sets of NMR. Our first contribution in this dissertation is the development of a novel peak pick- ing method (WaVPeak). First, WaVPeak denoises the NMR spectra using wavelet smoothing. A brute force method is then used to identify all the candidate peaks. Af- ter that, the volume of each candidate peak is estimated. Finally, the peaks are sorted according to their volumes. WaVPeak is tested on the same benchmark data set that was used to test the state-of-the-art method, PICKY. WaVPeak shows significantly better performance than PICKY in terms of recall and precision. Our second contribution is to propose an automatic method to select peaks pro- duced by peak picking methods. This automatic method is used to overcome the limitations of fixed number-based methods. Our method is based on the Benjamini- Hochberg (B-H) algorithm. The method is used with both WaVPeak and PICKY to automatically select the number of peaks to return from out of hundreds of candidate peaks. The volume (in WaVPeak) and the intensity (in PICKY) are converted into p-values. Peaks that have p-values below some certain threshold are selected. Ex- perimental results show that the new method is better than the fixed number-based method in terms of recall. To improve precision, we tried to eliminate false peaks using

  18. Basal electric and magnetic fields of celestial bodies come from positive-negative charge separation caused by gravitation of quasi-Casimir pressure in weak interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shao-Guang

    According to f =d(mv)/dt=m(dv/dt)+ v(dm/dt), a same gravitational formula had been de-duced from the variance in physical mass of QFT and from the variance in mass of inductive energy-transfer of GR respectively: f QF T = f GR = -G (mM/r2 )((r/r)+(v/c)) when their interaction-constants are all taken the experimental values (H05-0029-08, E15-0039-08). f QF T is the quasi-Casimir pressure. f GR is equivalent to Einstein's equation, then more easy to solve it. The hypothesis of the equivalent principle is not used in f QF T , but required by f GR . The predictions of f QF T and f GR are identical except that f QF T has quantum effects but f GR has not and f GR has Lense-Thirring effect but f QF T has not. The quantum effects of gravitation had been verified by Nesvizhevsky et al with the ultracold neutrons falling in the earth's gravitational field in 2002. Yet Lense-Thirring effect had not been measured by GP-B. It shows that f QF T is essential but f GR is phenomenological. The macro-f QF T is the statistic average pressure collided by net virtual neutrinos ν 0 flux (after self-offset in opposite directions) and in direct proportion to the mass. But micro-f QF T is in direct proportion to the scattering section. The electric mass (in inverse proportion to de Broglie wavelength λ) far less than nucleonic mass and the electric scattering section (in direct proportion to λ2 ) far large than that of nucleon, then the net ν 0 flux pressure exerted to electron far large than that to nucleon and the electric displacement far large than that of nucleon, it causes the gravitational polarization of positive-negative charge center separation. Because the gravity far less than the electromagnetic binding force, in atoms the gravitational polarization only produces a little separation. But the net ν 0 flux can press a part freedom electrons in plasma of ionosphere into the earth's surface, the static electric force of redundant positive ions prevents electrons from further

  19. Changing Permafrost in the Arctic and its Global Effects in the 21st Century (PAGE21): A very large international and integrated project to measure the impact of permafrost degradation on the climate system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lantuit, Hugues; Boike, Julia; Dahms, Melanie; Hubberten, Hans-Wolfgang

    2013-04-01

    climate-change mitigation. The concept of PAGE21 is to directly address these questions through a close interaction between monitoring activities, proc-ess studies and modeling on the pertinent temporal and spatial scales. Field sites have been selected to cover a wide range of environmental conditions for the validation of large scale mod-els, the development of permafrost monitoring capabilities, the study of permafrost processes, and for overlap with existing monitoring programs. PAGE21 will contribute to upgrading the project sites with the objective of providing a measurement baseline, both for process studies and for modeling programs. PAGE21 is determined to break down the traditional barriers in permafrost sciences between observational and model-supported site studies and large-scale climate modeling. Our concept for the interaction between site-scale studies and large-scale modeling is to establish and maintain a direct link be-tween these two areas for developing and evaluating, on all spatial scales, the land-surface modules of leading European global climate models taking part in the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5), designed to inform the IPCC process. The timing of this project is such that the main scientific results from PAGE21, and in particular the model-based assessments will build entirely on new outputs and results from the CMIP5 Climate Model Intercomparison Project designed to inform the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report. However, PAGE21 is designed to leave a legacy that will en-dure beyond the lifetime of the projections that it produces. This legacy will comprise • an improved understanding of the key processes and parameters that determine the vulnerability of arctic permafrost to climate change, • the production of a suite of major European coupled climate models including detailed and validated repre-sentations of permafrost-related processes, that will reduce uncertainties in future climate projections pro-duced well

  20. Half of Vermont Academic and Public Libraries Lack Written Confidentiality Policies Despite Directors’ Support for Principles of Patron Confidentiality. A Review of: Magi, Trina J., “The Gap between Theory and Practice: A Study of the Prevalence and Strength of Patron Confidentiality Policies in Public and Academic Libraries.” Library & Information Science Research 29 (2007: 455-70.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie Walker

    2008-09-01

    tested by five librarians from the aforementioned list, and slight changes had been made to clarify questions and instructions. Survey respondents were given an initial deadline of February 1, 2006, but responses were received and included through March 13, 2006. Various tactics were used to boost response rates, including electronic discussion list announcements, usage of pre-addressed stamped return envelopes, usage of personalized address information and a personal signature by the researcher on the cover letter, reminder postcards, and a coupon for free ice cream. One hundred and fifty-one questionnaires were returned. Two questionnaires were returned incomplete, and were removed from both the target population and the responses, leaving a total of 149 out of 211 possible responses and a response rate of 71%. For this response rate, all calculations were determined to have a margin of error of +/-4.4% with 95% confidence. The survey was constructed to address five research questions, as detailed below:1 How many requests for personally identifiable patron information have libraries received in the past year, and from whom did those inquiries come?2 How many libraries have a written confidentiality policy, and what are the characteristics of libraries and library directors that have policies?3 How current are those policies?4 How many policies prohibit release of patron information without acourt order or other binding legal document (e.g., subpoena or search warrant? How many policies call for attorney review of any such court orders or other binding legal documents?5 Do librarians support the idea of strengthening the state law relating to confidentiality of library records?The questions were closed-ended in order to allow responses to be coded and easily analyzed, although space was provided forrespondents to offer additional comments. Though a deadline of February 1, 2006 was set, responses were received as late as March 13, 2006. Person’s chi-square and Fisher

  1. Twenty five years of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine - progress and priorities for future of radiation medicine and biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazyka, D

    2017-12-01

    the first academic supervisors in studies of Chornobyl health effects and got professor certificates in this new area. First PhD theses were successfully passed by Dr. E. Gorbov, and Dr. of Sciences - by Dr. D. Bazyka. Basics of future aca demic research directions were elaborated that time by Drs. O. Kovalenko, Zh. Minchenko, V. Talko, I. Holyavka, D. Belyi, D. Yakimenko, E. Mikhai lovska, V. Malyzhev, V. Sushko, A. Cheban, K. Lo ganovsky, K. Bruslova, I. Dyagil, T. Liubarets, O. Kucher, G. Chobotko, and others. Later the major ity of these studies formed a background for Chornobyl legislation, regulatory directives, pre sented as dissertations.A quarter of century passed. The Center as a part of the National Academy of Medical Sciences resisted the challenges and moved forward, was recognized worldwide and fulfilled its main mission - providing highly qualified health care to radiation exposed. Staff numbers decreased (1,091), but work amount has increased. Since 2000, new premises were installed - a hospital with the biggest in Ukraine outpatient clin ic, new laboratory facilities, the last of which was in troduced in 2013. The Academy became a national one and since 2011 the Center was recognized as a national research institution (NRCRM), staff mem bers received 3 State Awards of Ukraine in the Field of Science and Technology, numerous personal awards.During this period, NRCRM staff conducted and published priority research data on radiation risks and molecular mechanisms of leukemia, including chronic lymphocytic, myelodysplastic syndrome, multiple myeloma, thyroid cancer, breast cancer in Chornobyl accident cleanup workers. Studies of the mechanisms of non tumor pathology - cardio vascular, cerebrovascular, cognitive disorders are in process. Of high importance are studies of possible transgenerational effects of radiation. The devel oped new technologies and protocols for the advanced care of radiation exposed were intro duced to the general health care system

  2. Jovan Hadžić's civil procedure code draft (1845

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    Stanković Uroš

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article sheds light on civil procedure code draft prepared by renown Serbian lawmaker Jovan Hadžić in 1845. Contrarily to Hadžić's work on producing civil code, his efforts to write civil procedure code are to a large extent obscure. Original text of the draft has not been found. Therefore, one is imposed to reconstruct it with the aid of auxiliary sources, among which the record kept by the commission tasked with revision of the draft, has prevailing significance. The author made an attempt to determine the structure of the draft, as well as the contents of its provisions as accurately as possible, wherein the remarks that the Commission had made were of most assistance. Hadžić consigned his draft to the Prince Aleksandar Karađorđević on August 4th 1845. The Draft consisted of introduction and three parts. The introduction comprised of general provisions. Therein was stipulated principle of trial by written declaration, determined five kinds of courts before which civil procedure should occur and established vacatio legis. The first and concviningly largest part of the Draft was most likely entitled 'On principal litigations and litigation evidence' ('O parnicama glavnima i parničnim dokazatelstvima'. It included diverse rules, such as proceedings before peace courts, proceedings before district courts, ordinary course of litigation (i. e. rules in terms of filing a complaint, scheduling of hearings, subpoenas delivery, procurement of evidence, trial, bankruptcy proceedings, forms of evidence, presentation of evidence and deliberation of judgment, appellate procedure, new trial and enforcement procedure. The third part subsumed the title named 'likvidacija' (literally 'liquidation', whose contents is undeterminable on the basis of existing text of the draft, resolution of bankruptcy proceedings via settlement, resolution of regular litigations via settlement, title named 'on special proceedings and advantages' ('o osobenom